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Industry
W age Survey

Men’s and Boys’
Separate Trousers,
January 1971







Industry
W age Survey

Men’s and Boys’
Separate Trousers,
January 1971
Bulletin 1752
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, S ecretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S TA T IS T IC S
G eo ffrey H. M oo re, C o m m is s io n e r

1972




F o r s a le b y t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffice
W a s h in g to n , D . C . 20402 - P r ic e 60 c e n ts




Preface
This bulletin summarizes the results of a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of
wages and related benefits in the m en’s and b oys’ separate trousers m anufactur­
ing industry in January 1971.
A summary tabulation, providing national and regional information, was is­
sued earlier. Also issued were separate releases for Scranton, Pa., and the fol­
lowing States: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Penn­
sylvania, and Tennessee. Copies of these releases are available from the Bureau
of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212, or any of its regional offices.
The study was conducted in the B ureau’s Office of Wages and Industrial Rela­
tions. The analysis in this bulletin was prepared by Edward J. Caramela in the
Division of Occupational Wage Structures. Field work for the survey was direct­
ed by the B ureau’s Assistant Regional Directors for Operations.
Other reports available from the B ureau’s program of industry wage studies,
as well as the addresses of the B ureau’s regional offices, are listed at the end of
this bulletin.




in




Contents
Page

Summary ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Industry characteristics .........................................................................................................................................................
Location ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Type of fabric .....................................................................................................................................................................
Size of establishment .........................................................................................................................................................
Unionization ........................................................................................................................................................................
Sex and occupation ............................................................................................................................................................
Method of wage payment ..................................................................................................................................................
Average hourly earnings .......................................................................................................................................................
Occupational earnings ............................................................................................................................................................
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions ....................................................................................
Minimum rates ....................................................................................................................................................................
Scheduled weekly hours and shift practices ...............................................................................................................
Paid holidays ........................................................................................................................................................................
Paid vacations .....................................................................................................................................................................
Health, insurance, and retirement plans .......................................................................................................................
Other selected benefits ......................................................................................................................................................

1
1

1
1
1
2
2
2
2
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
6

Tables:
1. Average hourly earnings: By selected characteristics ......................................................................... 7
2. Average hourly earnings and employment characteristics:
Selected States and area ........................................................................................... , ................................. 7
Earnings distribution:
3. All establishments ......................................................................................................................................... 8
4. By labor-management contract coverage ................................................................................................. 9
Occupational averages:
5. All establishments .......................................................................................................................................... 10
6. By predominant type of fabric ...................................................................................................................14
7. By size of community .....................................................................................................................................16
8. By size of establishment ................................................................................................................................ 17
9. By labor-management contract coverage .................................................................................................. 19
Occupational earnings:
10. Alabama .............................................................................................................................................................21
11. Georgia .............................................................................................................................................................. 23
12. Mississippi ........................................................................................................................................................ 26
13. Missouri ............................................................................................................................................................ 29
14. North Carolina ................................................................................................................................................. 31
15. Pennsylvania .................................................................................................................................................... 32
16. Tennessee ..........................................................................................................................................................35
17. Scranton, P a........................................................................................................................................................37




v

Contents—Continued
Page

Tables—Continued
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
18. Method of wage payment .........................................................................................................
39
19. Minimum entrance and job rates ................................................................................................................ 39
20. Scheduled weekly hours ................................................................................................................................. 40
21. Paid holidays ..................................................................................................................................................... 41
22. Paid vacations ....................................................................................................................................................42
23. Health, insurance, and retirement plans .....................................................................................................44
24. Other selected benefits .................................................................................................................................... 46
Appendixes:
A. Scope and method of survey ..................................................................................................................................... 47
B. Occupational d e s c rip tio n s ......................................................................................................................................... 51




VI

Men’s and Boys’ Separate Trousers, January 1971
S u m m a ry

Plants located in nonm etropolitan areas em ­
ployed about tw o-thirds of the industry’s w orkers.
Among the regions, the proportions of w orkers in
nonm etropolitan areas were four-fifths or more in
the B order S tates, Southeast, and Middle W est,
one-third in the Southw est, and one-sixth in the
Middle A tlantic. In the G reat L akes region, all
w orkers were em ployed in m etropolitan a re a s.5

Straight-tim e earnings of production and related
w orkers in the m en’s and b oys’ separate trousers
m anufacturing industry averaged $2.04 an hour in
January 1971. W om en, more than four-fifths of the
71,195 w orkers covered by the survey 1 and largely
employed as sewing-machine operators, averaged
$1.99 an hour, com pared with $2.33 for men.
N early one-fourth of the industry’s w orkers had
earnings at or near the $1.60 Federal minimum wage
for m anufacturing establishm ents. M ost of the
rem ainder earned $1.65 to $2.50 an hour.
Regionally, earnings averaged from $1.95 in the
Southeast (employing nearly one-half of the indus­
try ’s w orkers) to $2.55 in the Middle Atlantic. 2
Earnings levels also varied by the predom inant type
of fabric used in m anufacturing trousers, and by
size of com m unity, size of establishm ent, laborm anagem ent contract status, and occupation.
Among the occupations studied separately, na­
tionwide averages ranged from $1.83 for janitors to
$3.21 an hour for cloth cutters and m arkers—jobs
staffed largely by men. Sewing-m achine operators
fabricating m en’s and b oys’ separate trousers aver­
aged $1.98 an h o u r .3 They were virtually all women
and constituted about three-fifths of the industry’s
work force.
Paid holidays and paid vacations, as well as var­
ious types of health and insurance benefits, were
provided by establishm ents em ploying nine-tenths
or more of the production and officeworkers. Re­
tirem ent pension plans were available to one-third
of the w orkers.

N early three-fifths of the industry’s production
w orkers were in the seven States for which data
were tabulated separately: G eorgia (11,154), M is­
sissippi (9,158), T ennessee (5,467), Pennsylvania
(4,942), Alabam a (3,757), N orth C arolina (2,846),
and M issouri (2,141). In S cranton, P a., the only
area for which separate data were developed, pro­
duction w orkers totaled 1,600.
Type o f fabric. Establishm ents m anufacturing
trousers predom inantly from other than wool or
wool m ixture fabrics em ployed nearly 90 percent of
the w orkers covered by the survey. Plants predom i­
nantly using wool or wool m ixture fabrics em ployed
the m ajority of the w orkers in only two regions—
Border States (three-fifths) and G reat L akes (nearly
four-fifths).
Size o f establishm ent. Em ploym ent in individual
establishm ents studied ranged from 20 w orkers to
1See appendix A for scope and method of survey. Wage data
exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of regions used in this survey, see footnote 1,
appendix table A-l.
3See appendix B for job descriptions.
4 Data for approximately 21,000 workers in the Southwest re­
gion are not shown separately, because a large proportion of
these workers were in establishments from which data could not
be obtained and which could not be represented appropriately by
other establishments. Thus, the available data for the Southwest
did not meet the Bureau’s publication criteria for separate pre­
sentation, but were included in the estimates for the United
States.
5 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget through January 1968.

In d u stry c h a r a c te r is tic s
Location. The S outheast region em ployed nearly
one-half of the in d u stry’s 71,195 production w ork­
ers and the Southw est, 4 about three-tenths. None
of the other four regions studied separately had as
much as one-tenth of the work force.




1

Table 1. Percent of workers in establishments operating under labor-management agreements, by
selected characteristics
Plant employment
20-249
workers

250
workers
or more

30-34

40-44

30-34

90-94
45-49
15-19
85-89
65-69

90-94
75-79
5-9
80-84
60-64

95+

Region

All
plants

United States1 .................................
Middle A tlan tic...............................
Border States ...............................
Southeast.........................................
Great L ake s....................................
Middle W e s t....................................

Plant location
Metro­
Nonmetro­
politan
politan
areas
areas
50-54

20-24

95+
40-44
10-14

15-19
85-89

60-64

'in c l u d e s d a ta fo r reg io n s in a d d itio n t o th o s e sh o w n se p a ra tely .
N O T E : D ashes in d ic a te n o d a ta re p o rte d o r d a ta t h a t d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c riteria.

over 1,000. Slightly more than one-third of the pro­
duction w orkers w ere in plants em ploying 20-249
w orkers, com pared with two-fifths in plants having
250-499 w orkers and nearly one-fourth in those
employing 500 w orkers or m ore.

tions staffed largely by w om en included assem ­
blers, final inspectors, garm ent repairers, thread
trim m ers and basting pullers, and underpressers.
M en, on the other hand, made up a large m ajority of
such occupational groups as cloth cu tters, m arkers,
spreaders, adjusters (sew ing-m achine repairm en),
janitors, w atchm en, and w ork distributors. The
proportion of men in the w ork force ranged from 11
percent in the G reat L akes to 19 percent in the M id­
dle A tlantic region.

Regionally, the proportions of w orkers in these
various size categories varied. In the S outheast,
one-half of the w orkers were in plants em ploying
250-499 w orkers and one-sixth in the largest size
group. In co n trast, betw een five- and seven-tenths
of the w orkers in the Middle A tlantic, B order
States, and G reat L akes regions were in establish­
m ents em ploying 20-249 w orkers.

M ethod o f wage paym ent. Incentive wage sys­
tem s, typically individual piece rates, were the b a ­
sis of wage paym ent for nearly four-fifths of the
production w orkers. The proportions of w orkers
paid on an incentive basis ranged from nearly threefifths in the Middle W est to four-fifths in the B order
and S outheast regions. (See table 18.)

Unionization. Plants operating under labor-m an­
agem ent agreem ents em ployed one-third of the
w orkers in the industry. This proportion is som e­
what less than the three-fifths estim ated to be co v ­
ered by agreem ents in all m anufacturing industries
com bined.6 T he proportions of w orkers in separate
trousers m anufacturing plants with agreem ent cov­
erage were nearly one-half in plants w here wool or
wool m ixtures w ere the predom inant fabric used,
and one-third in plants w here other-than-w ool or
wool m ixtures were predom inant. The extent to
which labor-m anagem ent agreem ent coverage v ar­
ied by region, size of establishm ent, and size of
com m unity is indicated in text table 1. The m ajor
union in the industry is the Am algam ated Clothing
W orkers of A m erica (A FL-C IO ).

Sewing-m achine operators, final inspectors,
m achine finish pressers and underpressers w ere
typically paid under incentive wage system s. O ccu­
pations usually paid tim e rates included adjusters
(sewing-m achine repairm en), cutters, janitors,
w atchm en, and work distributors.

A v e ra g e hou rly e a r n in g s
Straight-tim e earnings of the 71,195 production
and related w orkers covered by the study averaged

S ex and occupation. W om en, more than fourfifths of the in d ustry’s w ork force, were em ployed
m ostly as sewing-m achine operators. O ther occupa­




6Employee Compensation in the Private Nonfarm Economy,
1968, BLS Bulletin 1722 (1971).

2

$2.04 an hour in January 1971. 7 (See table 1.) Firms
in the Southeast, the largest region in industry em ­
ploym ent, paid an average of $1.95 an hour. This
wage com pared with $2.01 in the Middle W est,
$2.13 in the B order S tates, $2.28 in the G reat
L akes, and $2.55 in the Middle A tlantic region.
Among the States shown in table 2, averages for
production w orkers varied from $1.84 in N orth
Carolina to $2.53 in Pennsylvania. W orkers in
S cranton, P a., the only area studied separately,
averaged $2.46.
The 60,124 wom en covered by the study aver­
aged $1.99 an hour in January 1971— 34 cents an
hour less than the 11,071 men ($2.33). Average
wage advantages for men ranged from 14 percent in
the Southeast to 27 percent in the Middle Atlantic
region. Differences in average pay levels for men
and women may result from several factors, includ­
ing differences in the distribution of the sexes
am ong establishm ents and jobs having disparate
pay levels. Also, earnings in some jobs are d eter­
mined largely by production at piece rates. 8 V aria­
tions in incentive earnings for individuals or sex
groupings may be traceable to differences in work
experience, effort, work flow, or other factors
which the w orkers may or may not control.
Production w orkers in plants using wool or wool
m ixtures as the predom inant type of fabric in the
m anufacture of separate trousers averaged $2.23 or
21 cents an hour more than those in establishm ents
predom inantly using other-than-w ool or wool mix­
ture fabrics. The wage advantage was 5 cents an
hour in the Border States ($2.15 com pared with
$2.10) and 11 cents in the S outheast ($2.06 and
$1.95), the only two regions perm itting com pari­
sons.
W orkers in m etropolitan areas averaged $2.13 an
hour, com pared with $1.99 in sm aller com m unities.
In the Southeast, the only region for which com par­
ison was possible, the corresponding averages were
$2.01 and $1.95.

differences in the proportions of w orkers from the
various regions in each establishm ent-size group.
Only in the S outheast was an intraregional com pari­
son of the three establishm ent size categories possi­
ble; w orkers in plants em ploying 500 w orkers or
more held a 10- and 17-cent wage advantage over
those in the middle and sm allest establishm ent size
groups, respectively.
Establishm ents having labor-m anagem ent con­
tracts covering a m ajority of their production w ork­
ers paid an average of $2.25 an hour, com pared with
$1.93 for plants with none or a m inority covered by
such agreem ents. In the two regions perm itting
com parisons, the average wage advantage for
w orkers in plants with agreem ent coverage was 33
cents in the Middle W est ($2.12 com pared with
$1.79) and 26 cents in the S outheast ($2.18 and
$1.92).
The survey did not isolate and m easure the exact
influence of any one characteristic as a determ inant
of wage levels. The interrelationship of characterise
tics, such as unionization with size of establishm ent
and size of com m unity, is illustrated in the discus­
sion of industry characteristics.
7 The straight-time average hourly earnings in this bulletin
differ in concept from the gross average hourly earnings in the
Bureau's monthly hours and earnings series ($2.15 in January
1971).
Unlike the latter, estimates presented here exclude premium
pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Average (mean) earnings were calculated by summing in­
dividual hourly earnings and dividing by the number of individu­
als; in the monthly series, the sum of the man-hour totals report­
ed by the establishments in the industry was divided into the
reported payroll totals.
Estimates of the number of production workers within scope
of the study are intended only as a general guide to the size and
composition of the labor force in the survey. They exclude es­
tablishments employing fewer than 20 workers and so differ from
the monthly series (73,100 in January 1971). The advance plan­
ning necessary to make the survey required the use of lists of
establishments assembled considerably in advance of data
collection. Thus, omitted are (1) establishments new to the in­
dustry, (2) establishments originally classified in the men's and
boys' separate trousers industry but found in other industries at
the time of the survey, and (3) establishments manufacturing
men’s and boys’ separate trousers but classified incorrectly in
other industries when the lists were compiled.
8 Differences in average earnings for piece rate jobs cannot be
used as an accurate measure of differences in rates of pay per
unit of work produced. Earnings reflect not only piecework rates
but also productivity of the workers in given jobs.

N ationw ide, in the sm allest establishm ent size
group (20-249), production w orkers averaged $2.09
an hour, com pared with $2.01 and $2.02 in the larg­
er plants (250-499 and 500 w orkers or m ore, respec­
tively). The wage relationship betw een the larger
and smaller size establishm ents is a reversal of that
usually found in BLS wage surveys. The apparent
anom aly in this study results, in large part, from




3

Table 2 . Pay relatives fo r 8 job classifications, selected regions and States [U.S. averages = 100]

Region and State

Cloth
cutters,
machine

Final
in­
spectors

Finish
pressers,
machine

Middle Atlantic . . .
Border States . . . .
Southeast1 .............
Alabam a...........
Georgia.............
Mississippi . . . .
Great L a k e s ..........
Middle W e s t..........

125
103
96
96
96
90
120
94

115
101
96
104
95
92
107
95

Sewing-machine operators

152
109
94
106
86
106
120
93

Total

124
107
96
102
96
94
112
97

Attach
pockets

Bartacking

Join
seatseams

123
111
97
107
98
96
117
107

122
109
95
97
97
95
116
111

126
106
96
97
98
93
117
106

Under­
pressers

133
100
93
105
88
91
106
94

Adjust­
ers

124
97
94
89
98
87
114
104

1 In clu d es S ta te s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n se p a ra te ly .

N early seven-eighths of the production w orkers
earned from $1.60 to $2.50 an hour. (See table 3.)
N early one-fourth of the w orkers (m ostly sewingm achine operators) w ere paid at or near the $1.60
Federal minimum wage for m anufacturing estab­
lishm ents. 9 The concentrations of w orkers earning
$1.60 but less than $1.65 an hour were largest in the
Southeast and Middle W est regions, w here they
accounted for betw een 20 and 30 percent of the
work force.
H istorically, upward adjustm ents in the Federal
minimum wage for m anufacturing establishm ents
appears to have substantially affected wage levels
for production w orkers in this industry. Inform a­
tion from the B ureau’s monthly hours and earnings
series, while not com parable with data in this report
(as explained in footnote 7), shows that the largest
percentage increases in average hourly earnings for
this industry occurred in those m onths which in­
cluded the effective date of an increase in the F ed­
eral minimum wage. For exam ple, in February
1968, when the minimum wage advanced from
$1.40 to $1.60 an hour, the all-production w orker
average in separate trousers m anufacturing rose 6.7
percent—com pared with less than 2 percent in any
of the preceding 11 m onths, and less than 3 percent
in any one m onth period betw een F ebruary 1968
and January 1971.

age (m ean) hourly earnings for the jobs studied
ranged from $1.83 and $1.84 fo r janitors and w atch­
m en, respectively, to $3.21 for cloth cutters and
m arkers—three jobs staffed largely by men and typ­
ically paid time rates. M en w ere also predom inant
in three other jobs for w hich averages above $2.50
an hour were recorded— m arkers ($2.61), machine
cutters ($2.82), and adjusters (sewing-m achine re­
pairm en) ($3.02).
The 44,464 sewing-m achine operators fabricating
m en’s and b oys’ separate trousers averaged $1.98
an hour and were virtually all w om en. O ther num er­
ically im portant jobs staffed m ostly by wom en (and
predom inantly incentive paid) included final inspec­
tors ($2.06), thread trim m ers and basting pullers
($2.03), and underpressers ($2.12).
Occupational averages were usually highest in
the Middle A tlantic region and low est in the South­
east. Averages for virtually all occupations present­
ed for the Middle A tlantic region were betw een 12
and 36 percent higher than their respective nation­
wide averages; in the S outheast, all occupational
averages were lower than their nationw ide levels.
(See text table 2.)
Occupational pay relationships also varied within
locations. M achine finish pressers, for exam ple,
exceeded janitors in average hourly earnings by 72
percent in Pennsylvania and about 44 percent in
Alabam a and M ississippi; in G eorgia, N orth Caro-

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
O ccupations selected to represent earnings levels
for the various activities perform ed by production
and related w orkers constitute seven-eighths of the
work force in January 1971. 10 (See table 5.) A ver­




4

9 The Federal minimum wage applying to manufacturing estab­
lishments engaged in interstate commerce is $1.60. Under specif­
ic conditions, workers certified as learners or handicapped work­
ers may be paid less than the legal minimum.
l0Separate data for two office jobs also are presented in table 5

the survey, how ever, only about 1 percent of the
w orkers actually were em ployed on late shifts.

lina, M issouri, and T ennessee, the difference
dropped to 15 percent or less.
D ata on occupational earnings also were tabulat­
ed by the predom inant type of fabric used in the
establishm ent, and by size of com m unity, size of
establishm ent, and labor-m anagem ent contract
coverage. (See tables 6-9.)
Earnings of individual w orkers varied greatly
within the same job and general location. (See ta­
bles 10-17.) For some jobs, particularly those paid
under incentive system s, earnings were dispersed
considerably even within the same establishm ent.
In many instances, the difference betw een the high­
est and lowest paid w orkers in the same establish­
m ent and job exceeded $1 an hour.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s
w a g e p ro v isio n s

and

Paid holidays. Paid holidays w ere provided by
establishm ents em ploying more than nine-tenths of
the production and officeworkers. The m ost com ­
mon provision was 7 days per year, but the num ber
of days varied som ew hat by region. For exam ple, in
the S outheast, nearly one-half of the production
w orkers were in plants providing 5 days or less
(most com m only 3 or 4 days); in the Middle A tlan­
tic, more than nine-tenths of the production w ork­
ers received 7 paid holidays a year. Provisions for
officeworkers w ere, with a few exceptions, general­
ly similar to those for production w orkers. (See ta ­
ble 21.)
Paid vacations. Paid vacations, after qualifying
periods of service, were provided by establish­
ments em ploying nearly all of the production and
officeworkers. Typical provisions for production
w orkers were 1 week of vacation pay after 1 year of
service and 2 w eeks’ pay or more after 3 years.
One-third of the w orkers were in plants providing at
least 3 weeks of vacation pay after 10 years of serv­
ice. Officeworkers typically received 1 week or
more of vacation pay after 1 year of service and 2
w eeks’ pay or more after 3 years. The m ost liberal
vacation provisions were in the middle A tlantic re­
gion, where about four-fifths of the production and
officeworkers were in establishm ents providing at
least 3 w eeks’ pay after 1 year of service. (See table
22.)

s u p p le m e n ta r y

Data also were obtained on certain establishm ent
practices, such as minimum entrance and job rates
for work distributors, and work schedules and se­
lected supplem entary wage provisions for produc­
tion and office w orkers. Included for study were
paid holidays, paid vacations, and various health,
insurance, and retirem ent p lan s.1
1
M inimum rates. Form ally established minimum
entrance rates for inexperienced w ork distributors
were reported by 119 of the 177 plants visited. Such
rates ranged from under $1.60 an hour to $2.10, but
for the m ost part were within 10 cents of the $1.60
Federal minimum wage. Minimum job rates for
experienced work distributors, recorded in 94 of the
177 plants studied, were considerably more varied
than the entrance rates. N early one-half of the
plants paid at least $1.90 an hour; rates ranged up to
$2.25 an hour or m ore. (See table 19.)
Scheduled w eekly hours and sh ift practices.
W ork schedules of 40 hours per week were in effect
in establishm ents em ploying nearly all production
and officeworkers. The only notable exception was
in the G reat Lakes region, where about 20 percent
of the production w orkers were scheduled to work
36 hours a w eek. (See table 20.)
Establishm ents having form al provisions for
w ork on second shifts em ployed 18 percent of the
production w orkers; those with provisions for third
or other late-shifts, about 2 percent. At the time of




H ealth, insurance, and retirem ent plans. More
than nine-tenths of the production and officew ork­
ers received life, hospitalization, and surgical insur­
ance, typically financed wholly by the em ployer.
Medical insurance was available to tw o-thirds of
the production w orkers; sickness and accident and
m ajor medical insurance covered betw een threeand four-tenths. Proportions of officeworkers cov­
ered by such plans were generally similar. For m ost
of these plans, the incidence varied substantially
among the regions. For exam ple, sickness and acci1
1 Establishments employing an estimated 19 percent of the
workers contributed to union-administered health and welfare
funds from which the employees received selected benefits. In­
formation from these plants has been included in the tabulations.

5

Middle W est, G reat L akes, and Middle A tlantic re­
gions, but to one-fourth or less in the B order States
and Southeast. Plans providing retirem ent sever­
ance pay seldom were found in the industry.
Other selected benefits. Pay for jury duty was
provided by establishm ents em ploying one-fifth of
the production and officew orkers. The benefit was
m ost frequently reported by plants in the Southeast
and G reat Lakes regions. Plans providing funeral
leave pay were available to about one-tenth of the
production and officeworkers. (See table 24.)

dent insurance covered more than nine-tenths of
the production w orkers in the Middle Atlantic
States, com pared with one-sixth in the S outheast.
(See table 23.)
R etirem ent pension plans (other than Federal
social security) providing regular paym ents at re­
tirem ent for the rem ainder of the w orker’s life w ere
provided by establishm ents em ploying one-third of
the production and officeworkers. These plans, ty p ­
ically financed wholly by the em ployer, applied to
tw o-thirds or more of the production w orkers in the




6

T a b l e 1. A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s :

B y s e le c te d c h a ra c te ris tic s

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in m e n 1 s a n d b o y s '
U n ite d S ta te s a n d s e le c te d r e g io n s , J a n u a r y 1971)
U nited S ta te s 2
Number
of
workers

Item

A l l p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ___________ ________
W o m e n ------ ----- ------------------------------ -----------M e n ________________________________________
P re d om in an t typ e of fab ric:
W o o l o r w o o l m i x t u r e __________________
O t h e r t h a n w o o l o r w o o l m i x t u r e _____
S iz e of c o m m u n ity:
M e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s 3 .......................................
N o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s ................................
S iz e of es t a b lis h m e n t:
2 0 - 2 4 9 w o r k e r s ____________________ _____
2 5 0 - 4 9 9 w o r k e r s ...............................................
5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e __________________
L abor-m an agem en t contracts:
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith—
M a j o r i t y o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d _____
None or a m in o r ity of w o r k e r s
c o v e r e d _____________________________

Average
h ourly
earnings

M id dle A tlan tic
Num ber
of
workers

Average
h ou r ly
earnings

s e p a ra te tr o u s e r s m a n u fa c tu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by s e le c te d c h a r a c te r is tic s ,

B order States
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

Southeast
Num ber
of
w orkers

M iddle W est

G reat L akes

A verage
hourly
earnings

Num ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
workers

$ 2 . 55
2. 4 2
3. 07

5,443
4, 755
688

$ 2 . 13
2. 09
2. 4 3

32,881
28,080
4 , 80 1

$ 1 . 95
1. 92
2. 18

1,701
2 09

$ 2 . 28
2. 23
2. 74

2 ,440
2, 128
312

-

2. 53

3,3 1 4
2 , 129

2. 15
2. 10

2,4 6 7
3 0 ,414

2. 06
1. 95

1,488
-

2. 31
-

2 ,4 4 0

2. 01

4, 553
-

2. 60
-

4, 749

2. 09

2,0 7 0
30,811

2. 01
1. 95

1,9 1 0
-

2. 28
-

2, 05 7

1. 98

2. 09
2. 01
2. 02

3, 7 39
1,697
-

2. 56
2. 53
-

2 ,8 7 3
-

2. 22
-

11,325
16,435
5, 121

1. 89
1. 9 6
2. 06

1, 124
-

2. 32
-

-

-

-

-

2 3 , 938

2. 25

5 ,0 8 3

2. 56

2 ,6 9 6

2. 26

4, 848

2. 18

1 ,694

2. 27

1,650

2. 12

47,2 5 7

1. 93

28,033

1. 92

"

790

1. 79

7 1,195
6 0 , 124
11,071

$ 2 . 04
1. 99
2. 33

5 ,4 3 6
4 , 392
1,0 4 4

8,1 3 7
63,058

2. 23
2. 02

4 , 9 34

2 6,701
44,494

2. 13
1. 99

2 4 ,858
29,907
16,430

-

"

■

1,910

“

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
3 S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s a s d e f in e d b y th e U .S . O f fic e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 .
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r te d o r d a ta th a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

T a b le 2.

A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s a n d e m p lo y m e n t c h a r a c te r is tic s :

S e le c te d S ta te s and a re a

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 a n d p e r c e n t d i s tr i b u ti o n o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in m e n * s a n d b o y s 1 s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y
s e le c te d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , s e le c te d S ta te s a n d a r e a , 2 J a n u a r y 1971)
P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a c c o r d in g to —

S ta te s a n d a r e a

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u rly
e a rn in g s

P re d o m i­
n a n t ty p e of
fa b ric o th e r
th a n w ool
or w ool
m ix tu r e

S iz e o f c o m m u n ity
M e tro ­
p o lita n
areas

N o n m e tro ­
p o lita n
areas

S iz e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t
2 0 -2 4 9
w o rk e rs

2 5 0 -4 9 9
w o rk e rs

U n io n c o n t r a c t s t a t u s

500
w o rk e rs
o r m o re

M a jo rity
of w o r k e rs
co v e red

N one o r
m in o rity of
w o rk e rs
co v e re d

S ta te s
A l a b a m a _________________________________________
G e o r g i a .............. ........................... ......................... ..................
M i s s i s s i p p i _____________________________________
M is s o u ri
------ ----------------------------------------------------N o r t h C a r o l i n a ___________________________________
P e n n s y l v a n i a " ___________________________________
T e n n e s s e e _________________________________________

3, 757
1 1 ,1 5 4
9 , 158
2 , 141
2 , 846
4 , 942
5 , 467

$2.
1.
1.
.
1.
2.
2.

2

07
93
94
00
84
53
03

100
91
100
100
100
91
73

78

-

100
100
82

-

-

82

-

-

100

87

-

-

-

-

29

93
34
62

5 0 -5 4
7 0 -7 4
9 0 -9 4

-

“

63

-

-

42
52

21

66

58

22
60

26
19

5 0 -5 4
9 0 -9 4
8 5 -8 9
3 0 -3 4
95+
-

8 5 -8 9

A rea 2
S c ra n to n ,

1
2




Pa

_____ ______ _______________________

1 ,6 0 0

2. 46

96

100

E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e r tim e a n d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h ifts .
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f a r e a , s e e f o o t n o t e 1, t a b l e 17.

NO TE :

Average
h ourly
earnings

D a s h e s in d ic a te no data r e p o r te d or data that do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r i a .

-

95+

-

$ 2 . 01
1. 96
2. 33
-




T a b le 3.

E a r n in g s d is tr ib u tio n :

A ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y s t r a i g h t - t i m e
U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , J a n u a r y 1 9 71 )
U n i te d S t a t e s 2

M iddle
A tlan tic

H ourly earnin gs 1
Women

Total

M en

0.
28.
5.
5.

3
9
5
4

0.
6.
2.
2.

4
9
0
8

0.
23 .
1.
5.

3
4
1
7

1
6
0
6
5

2.
5.
8.
6.
7.

9
1
3
3
6

4.
4.
4.
4.
4.

3
5
5
9
6

2.
4.
2.
3.
5.

4
1
8
7
3

10.
2.
2.
6.
5.

2
5
4
1
1

7.
7.
7.
8.
6.

1
6
4
2
5

8.
7.
6.
4.
3.

2
8
0
5
7

8.
7.
6.
3.
2.

2
4
2
8
6

9.
10.
9.
8.
5.

6
3
9
5
4

14.
2.
2.
3.
3.

8
9
6
0
2

3
5
8
0
9

5.
5.
5.
4.
3.

7
1
1
3
3

3.
2.
1.
1.
1.

9
8
9
5
3

2.
1.
1.
.
.

1
7
3
9
6

5.
3.
3.
3.
2.

7
0
2
0
3

10.
1.
.
.
.

2
5
8
8
5

7
5
4
3
3

2. 3
1. 7
1. 7
n o
1. 3

3.
2.
2.
1.
1.

3
9
2
7
4

1.
.
1.
.
1.

5
8
0
5
2

.
.
.
.
.

5
5
3
3
3

1.
1.
.
1.
.

2
8
5
0
5

.
.
.
.
.

5
6
2
4
1

2
1
1
1
1

1.
1.
0.
.
.

1.
.
1.
.
.

2
9
3
9
6

.
1.
.
.
.

2
1
2
2
1

. 1
. 1
. 1
. 1
(3 )

.
1.
.
.
.

4
0
3
1
2

. 4
. 2
. 2
(3 )

0.
25.
4.
5.

3
8
5
3

(3 )
8. 8
3. 2
4. 3

6. 5
1. 1
1. 3

------------------------------------_ --------------------------------____________

4.
4.
4.
5.
4.

5
3
8
2
8

4.
4.
4.
5.
5.

7
2
7
2
0

3.
5.
5.
5.
3.

0
1
1
3
6

2.
1.
2.
2.
1.

$ 2 . 10
$ 2 .2 0
$ 2 . 30
$ 2 .4 0
$ 2 .5 0

------------------____________
-------------------------------------------------------

8.
7.
6.
4.
3.

8
2
0
3
3

8.
7.
5.
4.
3.

9
1
9
2
1

8.
7.
6.
4.
4.

3
4
9
6
1

under
unde r
unde r
under
under

$2. 6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 .8 0
$ 2 . 90
$ 3. 00

------------------___________ _
------------------------------------____________

3.
2.
1.
1.
1.

1
2
7
2
0

2.
1.
1.
1.
.

9
9
5
1
8

4.
3.
2.
2.
1.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 .2 0
$ 3. 30
$ 3. 4 0
$ 3. 50

------------------------------------------------------------------------____________

.
.
.
.
.

9
7
6
4
4

.
.
.
.
.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3. 6 0
$ 3 .7 0
$ 3. 8 0
$ 3 .9 0
$ 4 . 00

------------------__________ —
-------------------------------------------------------

.
.
.
.
.

3
3
2
1
1

.
.
.
.
.

$ 1 .7 5
$ 1. 8 0
$ 1. 85
$ 1. 90
$ 1. 95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 8 0
$ 1 .8 5
$ 1 .9 0
$ 1 .9 5
$ 2 . 00

$ 2 . 00
$ 2 . 10
$ 2 . 20
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2 .4 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
unde r
unde r

$ 2 . 50
$ 2 .6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 . 80
$ 2 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

$ 3 .0 0
$ 3. 10
$ 3. 2 0
$ 3. 30
$ 3. 4 0
$ 3. 5 0
$ 3 .6 0
$ 3. 7 0
$ 3. 8 0
$ 3 .9 0

M iddle
W est

3
4
7
3

3
1
3
1

$ 1 . 6 0 --------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 1 . 6 5 ------------------a n d u n d e r $ 1 . 7 0 ------------------a n d u n d e r $ 1 . 7 5 --------------------

G reat
Lakes

1.
14.
1.
3.

0.
23 .
4.
5.

Under
$ 1. 6 0
$ 1 .6 5
$ 1 .7 0

South­
east

Border
States

hourly e a r n in g s, 1

0
2
9
5
4

. 7

. 2

3. 7

4. 7

. 6

. 2

1. 5

. 2

100. 0

10 0. 0

10 0. 0

1 00 . 0

100. 0

10 0. 0

10 0. 0

10 0. 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ---------------------------

71,195

6 0 , 124

11, 071

5, 4 3 6

5,443

3 2 ,881

1,910

2, 4 4 0

A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1----------------

$ 2 . 04

$1 .9 9

$ 2 . 33

$ 2 . 55

$ 2 . 13

$ 1 . 95

$ 2 . 28

$ 2 . 01

$ 4 . 00 and o v e r

_______________________

T otal

1
2
3

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p ay for o v e r t i m e and for w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
I n c l u d e s r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

h o lid ays,

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u a l 100.

and late

sh ifts.

T a b le 4.

E a r n in g s d is trib u tio n :

B y la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra c t c o v e ra g e

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s in m e n ’ s an d b o y s ’ s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 a n d u n i o n c o n t r a c t s t a t u s ,
U nited S ta te s2
H ourly earnin gs 1

Under
$ 1. 60
$ 1. 65
$ 1. 7 0

$ 1.
and
and
and

60 ---------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 1. 6 5 --------------------------------u n d e r $ 1. 7 0 -------------------------------u n d e r $ 1. 75 --------------------------------

$ 1. 7 5
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .8 5
$ 1. 9 0
$ 1. 95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 8 0
$ 1 .8 5
$ 1. 9 0
$ 1. 9 5
$ 2. 00

$
$
$
$
$

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

$
$
$
$
$

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

$
$
$
$
$

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

M a jo rity of
w orkers covered

M iddle A tlan tic

B o rd er States

Southeast

J a n u a r y 197 1)

G reat Lakes

M iddle W est

None or a
None or a
None or a
M a j o r i t y of
M a j o r i t y of
M a jo rity of
M a j o r i t y of
M a jo rity of
m in o rity of
m i n o r i t y of
m i n o r i t y of
w orkers covered w orkers covered w orkers covered
w o rkers covered w o rkers covered
workers covered
w orkers covered
workers covered

0.
12.
1.
2.

4
8
9
9

0.
28 .
5.
6.

2
3
5
2

6. 6
1. 0
1. 2

2.
8.
.
2.

2
5
5
7

0.
14.
2.
2.

2
9
7
6

0.
31 .
5.
5.

3
3
9
9

0.
6.
2.
3.

5
8
2
0

0. 5
17. 5
1. 2
7 .9

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.
3.
4.
3.
4.

8
8
9
7
3

5.
4.
4.
5.
5.

3
6
8
9
1

2.
1.
2.
2.
1.

1
6
0
6
6

2.
4.
8.
4.
9.

6
2
9
6
1

2.
4.
3.
4.
3.

9
5
4
5
7

4.
4.
4.
4.
4.

5
5
7
9
8

2.
3.
2.
4.
5.

5
9
7
0
5

2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

4
5
1
1
0

26.
2.
3.
14.
9.

6
5
0
3
6

10
20
3 0
40
50

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

9.
8.
7.
6.
4.

5
0
1
5
9

8.
6.
5.
3.
2.

4
8
5
1
4

7.
7.
6.
8.
6.

1
6
7
0
6

6.
6.
7.
5.
4.

3
9
2
0
1

9.
8.
9.
8.
4.

3
3
6
2
8

8.
7.
5.
3.
2.

0
2
6
0
2

8.
10.
11.
8.
5.

3
9
2
4
9

20.
3.
3.
4.
4.

7
9
5
1
7

2.
.
.
.
.

5
8
8
6
3

2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

60
70
80
9 0
00

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.
3.
3.
2.
1.

3
7
0
4
8

2.
1.
1.
.
.

0
4
1
6
5

5.
5.
5.
4.
3.

8
2
0
3
3

4.
4.
2.
2.
1.

4
4
3
3
9

3.
3.
3.
2.
1.

5
8
1
5
4

1.
1.
1.
.
.

8
3
0
6
5

5.
3.
3.
2.
1.

5
1
6
7
8

15.
2.
1.
1.
.

2
2
2
o
7

$
$
$
$
$

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

10
20
3 0
40
50

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.
1.
1.
.
.

6
5
3
8
9

.
.
.
.
.

6
3
3
2
2

3.
2.
2.
1.
1.

2
9
3
8
3

1.
1.
1.
.
2.

7
6
9
7
1

.
1.
.
.
1.

9
5
7
6
0

.
.
.
.
.

4
3
2
2
2

1.
1.
.
.
.

1
6
6
9
6

.
.
.
.
.

6
8
4
6
1

$
$
$
$
$

3.
3.
3.
3.
4.

60
70
80
90
00

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.
.
.
.
.

6
6
5
3
3

. 1
. 1
. 1
. 1
(3)

1.
1.
1.
.
.

3
0
3
9
6

.
2.
.
.
.

3
0
3
3
3

.
.
.
.
.

3
2
2
1
1

.
.
.
.

1
1
1
1

2
6
3
1
2

. 6
. 2
. 2

( 3)

.
.
.
.
.

1. 8

. 2

4. 9

. 9

. 6

. 1

1. 2

. 3

. 3

-----------------------------------------------------

1 0 0 . -o

100. 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

100.0

100. 0

1 00 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0. 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------

23, 9 3 8

47, 257

5, 8 0 3

2, 69 6

4, 8 4 8

28 , 03 3

1, 6 9 4

1, 6 50

790

A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1-----------------------------

$ 2. 25

$ 1. 93

$ 2. 56

$ 2. 26

$ 2. 18

$ 1 . 92

$ 2. 27

$ 2. 12

$ 1 . 79

$ 4. 00 a n d o v e r ----------------------------------------------T otal

1
2
3

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e g i o n s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h a n 0. 0 5 p e r c e n t .

NO TE :

h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts.

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m ay n o t e q u a l 100.




_

-

35. 7
1. 1
1. o

_
. 1
_
. 4
. 3

_
_
_
-

_
_
. 1
-

T a b le 5.

O c c u p a tio n a l averages:

A ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
J a n u a r y 1971)

Number
of
workers

Hourly e a r n in g s 1
Mean

M edian

B ord er States

M iddle A tlantic

U n ited States
O ccup ation and s e x

U n i t e d S t a t e s an d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

M iddle
range

Number
of
workers

H ourly earnin gs 1
Mean

M edian

M iddle
range

Num ber
of
w orkers

H ourly earnin gs 1
Mean

M e d ia n

M iddle
range

S e lec ted p roduction occup ation s*
7
2
C u tt i n g :
C u t t e r s , c l o t h , m a c h i n e ----------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c l o t h --------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------M a r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------S p r e a d e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------T r o u s e r fa b r ic a tio n :
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -----------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s 3 ---------------- ^
W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------A t t a c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ( a l l w o m e n ) ------------------A t t a c h p o c k e t s (4, 4 4 2 w o m e n , 29 m e n ) --------A t t a c h b e l t l o o p s (2, 1 5 4 w o m e n , 21 m e n ) —
A t t a c h f l y (1, 97 8 w o m e n , 1 m a n ) ------------------A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d (2 , 1 8 3 w o m e n , 15 m e n ) —
A t t a c h z i p p e r (8 4 5 w o m e n , 2 3 m e n ) --------------B a r t a e k i n g (2, 87 6 w o m e n , 19 m e n ) --------------B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r ( 61 1 w o m e n , 11 m e n ) -----H e m l e g b o t t o m s ( 1 , 2 0 6 w o m e n , 6 m e n ) -----J o i n i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s (3, 4 9 5 w o m e n ,
27 m e n ) --------------------------------------------------------------J o i n s e a t s e a m s (1, 8 0 4 w o m e n , 17 m e n ) -----M a k e l o o p s ( 4 4 5 w o m e n , 4 m e n ) ------------------M a k e p o c k e t s (1 , 6 2 3 w o m e n , 14 m e n ) ----------P i e c i n g f l y s (8 9 2 w o m e n , 5 m e n ) ------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s (1, 811 w o m e n , 11 m e n ) -----S e r g i n g ( 2 , 4 3 4 w o m e n , 21 m e n ) ---------------------S e w o n b u t t o n s ( 5 1 9 w o m e n , 4 m e n ) --------------S ew on w a istb a n d linin g (844 w o m en ,
1 m a n ) -----------------------------------------------------------------S t i t c h p o c k e t s ( 1 , 9 6 3 w o m e n , 15 m e n ) -----T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s t i n g p u l l e r s ---------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ----------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tno tes at end of table




-

15
15
32
27

3.
3.
2.
2.

13
13
72
82

3. 63
3. 63
2 .4 3
2. 50

2 .5 0 2. 5 0 2. 1 5 2. 2 7 -

3 .63
3. 63
3.61
3. 63

2.4 3
2.4 3
4 . 18
3. 05
4 .2 0
2 .7 8
2 . 77
3. 68
2.9 0
2 . 69
2 .7 2
2 .7 2
2.6 6
3 .11
2.5 6
2 . 87
2.43

1 44
1 44
152
88
64
3, 32 7
3, 32 7

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

08
08
56
27
95
11
11

1.95
1.95
2. 30
2. 10
2 .76
1 .99
1.99

1.
1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.

85858855217979-

2 .27
2. 27
3. 01
2 .60
3. 80
2 .3 3
2.33

63
34 5
140
17 4
198
47
17 2
68
66

1 .99
2 . 18
2. 07
2. 10
1 .94
2 . 22
2 . 10
2. 23
1. 85

1 .86
2 . 02
1.92
1 .98
1. 85
2. 15
1.95
2. 19
1.76

1 .7 2 1. 8 5 1. 7 3 1 .7 5 1. 6 0 1. 84—
1. 7 2 1. 9 4 1. 6 0 -

2. 17
2 .36
2. 19
2.28
2. 08
2 .4 6
2.33
2.61
2 .07

1211022009020596-

2 .9 3
2 . 60
2 .6 0
3. 08
2 .9 9
2 . 77
2 . 62
2. 88

336
130
45
163
87
96
206
63

1.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

98
00
15
25
02
09
13
22

1. 89
1.95
1. 85
2. 17
1 .83
1. 98
2. 06
2 . 21

1 .7 4 1. 8 5 1 .7 0 1. 9 1 1 .6 0 1. 66—
1. 8 3 1. 8 5 -

2.05
2. 12
2 .5 6
2.59
2. 10
2.33
2.44
2 .4 8

33140605141812-

3. 02
2 . 89
2 . 85
2 . 86
2 .35
2 . 85
3. 57

92
145
215
1 89
23 1
207
34

2 . 22
2 . 22
2. 04
2. 03
2 . 13
2. 15
1.97

2 . 11
2. 02
1 .90
1.91
2 . 00
2 . 02
1. 81

1. 8 3 1. 8 5 1. 8 2 1. 8 0 1. 8 5 1. 8 5 1 .6 7 -

2 .5 6
2.54
2. 22
2. 23
2. 35
2. 35
2.12

$ 3 . 30
3. 30
3. 54
3.5 8
3. 15
3 . 15
2 . 50
2 . 50

2 . 29
2.29
2.6 2
2.3 5
3.00
2 . 17
2 .1 6
2 . 85
2 .11
2 .1 4
2 . 06
2.21
2 . 10
2 .21
2 .1 0
2 . 24
2 . 05

16 2
1 54
253
24
229
3, 3 7 6
3, 2 8 8
88
43
267
88
121
182
80
201
38
39

2. 36
2 . 34
3 .5 6
2 . 83
3. 64
2.4 6
2.44
3. 06
2.5 3
2.41
2 . 33
2.40
2 . 34
2.7 4
2 . 36
2 .5 8
2 . 15

2 . 35
2 . 34
3 .4 9
2 . 86
3. 63
2 . 38
2 . 37
2 .9 9
2 . 69
2 . 27
2 .2 9
2 . 33
2 . 32
2 . 51
2 . 21
2 . 39
2 . 05

2. 1 3 2. 1 3 2. 9 9 2. 5 2 3. 0 3 2 .7 0 2. 0 6 2 .4 4 2. 2 0 2. 0 5 1. 8 8 2. 0 5 1 .9 9 2. 0 8 2 .1 0 2. 0 6 1 .7 5 -

1 .6 0 1 .6 0 1. 7 0 1 .6 9 1. 6 0 1 .6 0 1 .6 3 1 .6 8 -

2 . 10
2 .01
2 . 34
2.29
2 .21
2 . 12
2 . 16
2 . 20

210
111
39
249
65
11 3
195
43

2 . 57
2.41
2 . 36
2 .6 8
2 .53
2.41
2 .33
2. 38

2 . 57
2 . 35
2 . 30
2 . 65
2 .42
2 . 34
2 . 31
2 . 14

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

1. 9 8 1. 64—
1 .7 0 1 .7 1 1 .7 1 1 .7 2 1..71-

2 .31
2 . 18
2.2 2
2 . 23
2.3 0
2 .25
2.55

88
136
174
170
230
68
16 2

2. 68
2.57
2.51
2.51
2 . 81
2 . 56
2.91

2. 58
2 . 57
2 . 38
2 . 37
2 . 61
2.45
2 . 66

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

$ 2 . 75
2 . 75
3.41
3 . 50
2 . 51
2 . 55
2 . 21
2 . 24

2, 0 1 2
1 ,996
3, 981
2, 0 6 0
1,921
44,464
44,119
34 5
632
4,4 7 1
2, 175
1,9 7 9
2, 1 9 8
868
2, 895
622
1,212

2. 06
2 . 05
2. 34
2 . 13
2 .5 7
1 .98
1.97
2 . 35
1 .9 4
1 .96
1 .9 0
2 . 00
1.92
2. 01
1.93
2 . 06
1.90

1.97
1.97
2 . 18
2 . 04
2 . 36
1. 88
1.88
2 . 11
1. 85
1 .85
1. 81
1.91
1. 81
1. 88
1 .82
1 .99
1.80

1 .7 3 1 .7 3 1. 8 5 1 .7 5 1. 9 9 1 .6 2 1 .6 2 1 .7 5 1 .6 4 1 .6 0 1 .6 0 1 .6 5 1 .6 0 1 .6 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 4 1 .6 0 -

3, 5 2 2
1, 821
449
1, 6 37
* 8 97
1, 822
2 ,455
523

1.94
1.92
2 . 07
2 . 09
2.02
1.94
l.<?6
2 . 02

1. 82
1.83
1.78
1.97
1 .95
1 .83
1 .90
1.93

845
978
O il
950
032
377
655

2 . 10
1 .99
2 . 03
2 .0 4
2 . 12
2 . 04
2 .2 9

1.9 8
1. 89
1.96
1.97
1. 95
1 .94
2 . 00

1,
2,
1,
2,
1,

$ 2 . 80
2 . 80

-

$ 3 .5 2
3 .52
3. 85
3. 88
3. 05
3. 05
2.61
2 . 61

$ 2 . 82
2 . 83
3.21
3.26
2. 61
2.63
2. 30
2 . 31

$ 2 . 30—$ 3 . 2 5
2. 3 0 - 3 . 2 5
2. 3 3 - 4 . 1 1
2. 2 5 - 4 . 1 2
2. 15— 2 . 87
2. 2 0 - 3 . 00
1. 9 0 - 2 . 5 5
1 .9 0 - 2.55

$2. 4 0 —$ 3 . 6 3
2 . 4 0 - 3. 63

$ 2 . 91
2 . 91

-

$ 3 . 15—$ 4. 14
3. 1 5 - 4 . 14
3 . 4 5 - 4 . 12
3 . 4 9 - 4 . 14
2 .6 5 - 3.64
2. 6 5 - 3. 64
2. 3 5 - 2 . 85
2. 3 5 - 2 . 85

70
70
24
23
19
19
42
42

64 5
634
10 4
97
312
273
592
560

10 0
100

-

-

-

-

-

T a b le 5.

O c c u p a tio n a l a v erag es:

A l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ’ s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s ,
J a n u a r y 1971)
S o u th e a s t
O c c u p a ti o n a n d s e x

N um ber
of
wo r k e r s

G reat L akes

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

N um ber
of
wo r k e r s

M id d le
range

M id d le W e s t

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M id d le
ran g e

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le
ran g e

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
C u ttin g :
C u t t e r s , c lo th , m a c h i n e ------------------------------------M en -----------------------------------------------------------------C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s c l o t h --------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------M a r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------M e n ----------------------------------------------------------------S p r e a d e r s ------------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n :
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------- — --------------------------P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e --------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s 3 ------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------A t t a c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ( a ll w o m e n ) ---------------A tta c h p o c k e ts ( 4 ,4 4 2 w o m e n , 29 m e n ) — ■
—
A t t a c h b e l t lo o p s ( 2, 154 w o m e n , 21 m e n ) —
A t t a c h f ly (1, 97 8 w o m e n , 1 m a n ) ----------------A t t a c h w a i s tb a n d (2, 183 w o m e n , 15 m e n ) ---A t t a c h z ip p e r (845 w o m e n , 23 m e n ) ------------B a r ta c k i n g (2, 87 6 w o m e n , 19 m e n ) ------------B u tto n h o le m a k e r (611 w o m e n , 11 m e n ) -----H e m le g b o tto m s (1, 206 w o m e n , 6 m e n ) -----J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s ( 3 ,4 9 5 w o m e n ,
27 m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------------J o in s e a t s e a m s (1, 804 w o m e n , 17 m e n ) -----M a k e lo o p s (4 4 5 w o m e n , 4 m e n ) -----------------M a k e p o c k e ts (1, 62 3 w o m e n 14 m e n ) ----------P i e c i n g f ly s (8 9 2 w o m e n , 5 m e n ) ----------------P i e c i n g p o c k e ts (1, 811 w o m e n , 11 m e n ) -----S e r g in g ( 2 ,4 3 4 w o m e n , 21 m e n ) -----------------S e w on b u t to n s (519 w o m e n , 4 m e n ) ------------S e w o n w a i s tb a n d l in in g (8 4 4 w o m e n ,
1 m a n ) -----------------------------------------------------------S t it c h p o c k e ts (1, 963 w o m e n , 15 m e n ) -------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g p u l l e r s -------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ----------------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




265
265
-

$ 2 . 71
2 . 71

$ 2 . 60
2. 60

-

-

$2. 30—$3. 00
2. 6 0 - 3. 00
-

-

2 . 50
2 .4 9
2 . 26
2. 27

2 .4 0
2 .4 0
2. 21
2. 22

2.
2.
1.
1.

1, 012
1 ,0 1 2
1 ,9 5 6
1 ,0 9 5
861
20, 213
20, 160
53
194
2, 072
884
853
972
369
1 ,4 6 7
233
596

1 .9 8
1 .9 8
2 . 21
2 . 07
2 . 39
1 .9 0
1 .9 0
1. 88
1. 85
1 .9 1
1. 88
1 .9 4
1 .8 4
1 .9 0
1. 84
1 .9 5
1. 88

1 .9 0
1 .9 0
2. 21
1 .9 7
2. 26
1. 80
1. 80
1 .7 5
1. 81
1 .7 9
1. 82
1. 84
1 .7 4
1 .7 5
1 .6 9
1. 87
1. 73

1. 6 5 1. 6 5 1 .7 7 1. 6 6 1. 9 4 1. 6 0 1. 6 0 1. 6 0 1 .6 0 1 .6 0 1. 6 0 1. 6 0 1. 6 0 1. 6 0 1. 6 0 1. 6 0 1 .6 0 -

2 . 17
2. 17
2 .4 6
2 . 27
2 .7 9
2. 09
2. 09
1 .9 6
1 .9 9
2. 10
2. 06
2. 13
2. 03
2. 08
2. 00
2 . 16
2. 05

1 ,7 6 1
855
223
6 85
348
7 85
l f 164
249

1. 84
1. 85
1 .9 9
1 .9 4
1 .9 9
1 .9 3
1 .9 1
1 .9 3

1 .7 4
1 .7 5
1 .9 0
1. 87
1. 84
1. 83
1. 85
1. 84

1. 6 0 1. 6 0 1 .6 5 1. 6 1 1 .6 0 1. 6 0 1 .6 0 1. 6 0 -

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

00
01
29
13
28
11
11
11

91
42
15
51
37
49
62
13

388
1 ,0 3 9
915
898
895
5 87
308

1 .9 6
1 .9 3
1. 96
1 .9 7
1 .9 7
1 .9 6
2. 00

1 .9 0
1. 85
1 .9 0
1 .9 1
1. 88
1. 88
1. 87

1 .6 2 1. 6 4 1. 6 5 1. 6 5 1. 6 5 1. 6 5 1. 66^-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

15
11
13
13
16
15
17

24
56
55
55
100
86

-

10108080-

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

163
142
279
275

-

$ 3 . 38
3 .4 4

19
18

78
72
59
60

_

-

-

-

57
57
101
67
34
1 ,0 8 2
1 ,0 7 4
16
126
32
49
46
22
61
19
8

-

1

$ 3 . 35
3. 35
_
_
_
_
_

$2. 90—$3. 61
2. 9 3 - 3. 61
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2 .2 0
2. 20
2. 80
2. 51
3. 38
2 . 22
2. 22
_
2. 14
2. 29
2. 13
2 . 35
1. 99
2. 39
2. 24
2. 06
2. 35

2. 10
2 . 10
2 . 59
2. 39
2 . 97
2 . 12
2 . 12
_
2 . 12
2 . 20
2. 00
2 .4 1
1. 80
2 . 28
2 . 15
1 .9 2

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

26
24
37
17
10
08
02
11

2 . 15
2. 16
2 . 34
2 . 10
2. 02
1 .9 5
2 . 00

1 .7 0 1. 8 6 2. 3 0 1. 96—
1. 8 5 1 .7 5 1. 83—

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2 .4 9
2. 19
2 . 15
2. 15
2. 24
2. 15
"

2 . 56
2 . 24
2. 10
2 . 10
2. 24
2 . 19
"

2. 2 3 1. 8 3 1. 9 0 1. 9 0 1. 9 7 1. 9 0 “

2 . 78
2. 39
2. 33
2. 33
2 .4 5
2 .4 1

_

_

2. 0 0 2. 0 0 2. 1 5 2. 0 5 2. 5 0 1. 8 5 1. 8 5 _
1. 8 5 1. 9 7 1. 8 5 2. 1 0 1. 6 2 2. 0 9 1. 9 1 1 .7 1 -

_

2.
2.
3.
2.
4.
2.
2.

28
28
04
82
20
50
50

_

2. 36
2. 64
2 . 30
2 . 51
2 . 08
2. 70
2 .4 4
2 . 38

16
16
10
10
16
13
23
15
51
51
95
54
41
1, 670
1 ,6 7 0
_

_

24
11
15
19

_
15
_

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

66
66
94
94
62
69
22
24

$ 2 . 84
2. 84
_
_
2. 60
..
2. 26
2. 10

1 .9 5
1 .9 5
2 . 18
2. 21
2. 14
1 .9 3
1 .9 3

2. 00
2. 00
1 .9 8
1. 99
1 .9 8
1. 82
1. 82

_
2 . 09
2 . 03
2 .2 9
1. 98

_
_
1. 89
_

_
_
_
_
1 . 7 7 - 2. 36
_
_

2 .2 5
1. 85

1. 9 9 - 2. 51
1. 7 0 - 2. 28

_

_
2. 14
_

64
61
52
37
22
13
18

_

75758080756060-

_
_
_

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

08
08
56
54
56
01
01

_
_
_

1. 8 2 - 2. 32

_
_
_
_
_
2. 3 3 _
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
2. 76
_
_
_

1 .7 5 1. 7 5 1. 6 0 1. 7 2 1. 6 0 -

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

7
18

1 .9 6
2. 49

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
2 .4 1
_
_
_

42
42
70
49
21

1 .9 5
1 .9 5
1 .9 9
2. 03
1. 89

1 .9 2
1 .9 2
1. 85
1. 85
1 .7 1

_
_
_

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

1 .9 8

2. 01
2. 12
2. 04

_
_
_

_

1. 8 2 - 2 .4 1

26
10

_
_
_

_

1. 9 0 - 2. 36
1 .7 5 — 2 .4 8

_
2. 10
_
_

7

-

$2. 3 9 - $ 2 .9 1
2. 3 9 - 2. 91
_
_
_
_
2. 3 7 - 2. 90

00
00
20
37
14

T a b le 5.

O c c u p a tio n a l a v e ra g e s :

A ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s — C o n tin u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g io n s
J a n u a r y 1971)
U n ited S t a te s 2
O c c u p a ti o n a n d s e x

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M id d le A tla n tic

H o u rly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le
range

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

B o r d e r S t a te s

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le
ran g e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le
ran g e

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
M is c e lla n e o u s :
A d j u s t e r s -------------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s ---------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------G a r m e n t r e p a i r e r s --------------------------------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------------------- -------------J a n i t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------S h ip p in g c l e r k s --------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s ------------------------------------W o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s --------------------------------M e n -------------------------------------------------- --------------W a tc h m e n ( a l l m e n ) -------------------------------------------W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s -----------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------- ----------------------------------------- M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------

7 82
775
724
576
148
549
545
602
123
479
688
213
475
140
115
4 30
176
254
271
244
211
1 ,6 5 1
334
1, 317

'
;

$ 3 . 02
3. 02
2. 11
2. 07
2 . 28
1. 99
1. 99
1 .8 3
1 .7 9
1. 84
2. 07
2. 04
2. 08
2 .4 7
2. 59
2 . 03
1 .9 1
2. 11
2. 04
2. 04
1. 84
1 .9 5
1 .9 2
1 .9 6

$ 2 . 90
2. 90
2. 02
1 .9 9
2 . 22
1 .9 5
1. 95
1. 80
1 .7 5
1. 80
1 .9 6
2 . 00
1. 96
2. 26
2 .4 0
1 .9 5
1. 85
2 . 05
2 . 00
2. 00
1. 87
1. 90
1 .9 0
1 .9 0

2 . 21
2. 21

2. 15
2. 20

3. 50
3. 50
2. 25
2. 25
2 .5 7
2. 14
2. 13
1 .9 3
1 .9 0
1 .9 5
2. 23
2 .1 0
2. 25
2 .7 8
2 . 95
2 .2 0
2 .1 0
2 .2 5
2 .2 0
2 .2 1
1 .9 9
2 .1 0
2 .0 5
2 .1 0

52
52
87
62
25
42
42
26
_
21
43
_
37
21
20
8
_
7
_
_
10
98
18
80

$ 3 . 75
3. 75
2 .4 5
2. 30
2. 82
2. 37
2. 37
2. 07
_
2. 10
2. 56
_
2. 65
2 .7 7
2. 79
2 .4 0
_
2 .4 5
_
_
1. 76
2 . 31
2. 26
2. 33

$ 3 . 88
3. 88
2 .4 0
2 . 33
2 . 80
2. 39
2. 39
1 .9 8
_
2. 00
2. 50
_
2. 50
2 .5 9
2. 67

2. 10
2. 16
2 . 10

2 . 2 5 - 2 .5 4
2. 2 5 - 2 .5 4
2. 2 5 - 2 .5 5

111
49
62

2. 14
2. 15
_
1. 95
1. 90
2. 00

1. 9 5 - 2. 35
1. 9 5 - 2. 38

48
17

2 . 54
2. 66

2 .4 8
2. 73

2. 2 0 - 2. 89
2. 3 5 - 2 .9 0

69
19

2. 19
2. 21

$ 2 .4 5 - $
2. 4 7 1. 8 3 1. 8 0 1 .9 0 1. 8 0 1. 8 0 1 .7 0 1. 6 3 1. 7 0 1. 8 0 1 .9 0 1. 8 0 2. 1 0 2. 1 5 1. 8 0 1. 6 5 1. 8 5 1. 9 0 1 .9 0 1 .6 5 1. 8 0 1. 7 5 1. 8 0 -

_

_
_
_
_

_

$3. 2 3 - $ 4 . 25
3. 2 3 - 4. 25
2. 1 0 - 2. 75
2. 0 8 - 2 .4 5
2. 5 0 - 3. 17
2. 1 3 - 2. 54
2. 1 3 - 2. 54
1 . 9 1 - 2 .3 0

_

1. 9 5 2. 3 0 _
2 .4 0 2. 2 5 2. 4 4 -

_
_
_
_
_
_

2 .4 5
2. 70
2 .7 0
3. 02
3. 03

57
57
68
56
_
56
56
51
9
42
80
_
_
19
19
34
30

_

30
28

_

$ 2 . 93
2. 93
2. 04
1 .9 9

$ 2 .9 0
2. 90
1 .9 7
1 .9 5

$2. 55—$ 3 .0 5
2 . 5 5 - 3. 05
1. 8 7 - 2. 15
1 . 8 7 - 2. 15

1 .9 5
1 .9 5
1. 87
1 .9 1
1. 87
2. 02
_
_
2. 67
2. 67
2. 15
2. 12

1 .9 5
1 .9 5
1. 85

1 . 8 5 - 1 .9 7
1. 8 5 - 1. 97
1 . 7 0 - 2. 00

1. 80
2. 00

1 . 7 0 - 2. 00
1 . 8 9 - 2. 10

_

_
2 .4 5
2 .4 5
2. 25
2. 05
_
2. 13
2 .2 0

2 . 0 0 - 2. 34
2. 0 0 - 2 .3 4

1 .9 5
1 .9 0
1 .9 5

1 . 8 8 - 2. 00
1. 8 0 - 1 .9 5
1 . 9 5 - 2 .0 5

2. 15
! 07

1 .9 5 — 2 .2 5
1 . 9 5 - 2. 28

_

2 .2 5 2 .2 5 1. 8 5 1. 8 5 -

3 .2 5
3 .2 5
2. 40
2. 40

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l (695 w o m e n , 12 m e n ) ........... —............
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l (390 w o m e n , 8 m e n ) ..............................

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




7 07
398

2

T a b le 5.

O c c u p a tio n a l a v e rag es:

A ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s — C o n t in u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d r e g i o n s ,
J a n u a r y 1971)
S o u th e a s t
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ber
of
wo r k e r s

G reat L akes

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
3
M ean

M e d ia n

M id d le
range

N um ber
of
wo r k e r s

M id d le W e s t

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

M e d ia n

Num be r
of
wo r k e r s

M id d le
ran g e

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1
M ean

Me d ia n

M id d le
ran g e

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
M is c e lla n e o u s :
A d j u s t e r s -------------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------A s s e m b l e r s ---------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------G a r m e n t r e p a i r e r s --------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------- — ------------------------------M e n ---------------------- -------------------------------------------P a c k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------S h ip p in g c l e r k s ---------------------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s -------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------- .------S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s ---------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------------------------------W a tc h m e n ( a l l m e n )
—
— W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s ----------------------------------------------W o m e n --------------------------------------- ,--------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------

368
366
226
143
83
273
271
270
63
207
335
111
224
41
38
186
107
79
91
75
147
568
126
442

$ 2 . 83
2. 83
2. 05
2. 00
2. 13
1 .9 0
1 .9 0
1. 81
1 .7 0
1. 81
1 .9 4
2. 00
1 .9 1
2 . 38
2 .4 0
1. 89
1. 81
2. 00
2. 00
1. 97
1. 83
1 .9 0
1. 88
1 .9 1

$ 2 . 71
2. 72
2. 00
1 .9 5
2. 03
1 .9 0
1 .9 0
1. 80
1 .6 5
1. 80
1 .9 5
1 .9 5
1. 88
2. 25
2. 26
1. 80
1 .7 5
2. 00
1 .9 5
2 . 00
1. 87
1. 85
1. 85
1. 85

$2. 40— 3. 20
$
2. 4 0 - 3. 20
1. 8 2 - 2 . 25
1. 8 0 - 2. 25
1. 8 2 - 2. 25
1 . 7 5 - 2. 10
1. 7 5 - 2. 10
1. 6 5 - 1 .9 0
1. 6 0 - 1. 80
1 . 6 5 - 1. 90
1 . 7 0 - 2 . 00
1. 8 0 - 2 . 00
1 . 7 0 - 2 . 00
2. 0 5 - 2 . 60
2. 1 0 - 2 . 86
1. 6 5 - 2 . 05
1. 6 0 - 1 .9 0
1. 7 5 - 2 . 19
1 . 7 0 - 2 . 20
1. 7 0 - 2 . 20
1. 6 5 - 1 .9 5
1. 7 0 - 2. 10
1. 7 0 - 2 . 10
1. 7 0 - 2. 10

41
18
23

2 . 19
2. 28
2. 12

2 . 20
2. 34
2. 20

2. 1 5 - 2. 34
2. 1 5 - 2. 35
2. 0 7 - 2. 20

178
204

2 . 17
2 . 19

2. 18
2. 20

2. 0 8 - 2 . 28
1. 98— 2 . 36

68
8

2. 26
2 . 28

2 . 10
"

2. 0 0 - 2. 55
-

17
12
34
30
_
21
21
22
7
7
24
21
_
_
_

20
_

9
9
9
_

$ 3 .4 4
3. 82
2 .4 1
2. 39
_
2. 19
2. 19
2. 02
1 .9 5
1 .9 5
2. 21
2. 15
_

$ 3 . 50
_
2 .2 7
2. 20
_
2. 20
2. 20
2 . 01
_
_
2 .2 0
2 . 20
_

_

_
_

2. 04
_

2 . 30
2 . 30
2 . 30
_

2. 10

_
_
_

_
_

$2. 85—$3. 95
_
_
2. 1 3 - 2. 58
2. 1 0 - 2. 50
_
_
2. 1 0 - 2. 30
2. 1 0 - 2. 30
1. 8 8 - 2. 20
_
_
_
2. 1 0 - 2. 26
2. 1 0 - 2. 20
_
_

_

_
_

_
_

1. 8 4 - 2. 25
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

24
24
54
45
9
19
18
30
_

$ 3 . 15
3. 15
2. 17
2. 17
2. 18
2. 12
2. 09
1 .9 3

_

_
_

32
27

2. 11
2. 07

2. 08
2. 08

8
8
15

2. 55
2. 55
2. 18

7
10
7

2. 38
2. 30
2. 38

_

_
_
_

51
17
34

1 .9 7
1 .9 1
1 .9 9

2. 00
1. 75
2. 00

1. 7 5 - 2. 08
1 .7 5 — 2. 05
1. 6 9 - 2. 08

31
11

2. 10
2. 19

2. 05

1. 75— 2. 33

_
_

_

_

_

_

$ 3 . 18
3. 18
2. 08
2. 08
_
2. 10
2. 09
1 .9 0

_
_
_

2. 08
_
_

$2.
2.
1.
1.

46—$ 3 .7 5
4 6 - 3. 75
8 7 - 2. 56
8 5 - 2. 56

1. 8 9 - 2. 38
1. 8 8 - 2. 19
1. 6 4 - 2. 05
_
_
2. 0 4 - 2. 13
2. 0 3 - 2. 08

_

_
_
_

_
_

2. 0 0 - 2. 30
_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l (695 w o m e n , 12 m e n ) --------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l (390 w o m e n , 8 m e n ) ------------------------

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
e a rn in g s .
M e d ia n s a n d m id d le r a n g e s a r e n o t p r o v id e d fo r e n t r i e s of f e w e r th a n 15 w o r k e r s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

D ashes




in d ic a te

no d a ta

re p o rte d

or

d a ta th a t d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n

c r ite ria .

See

a p p e n d ix

A fo.r m e th o d

u sed

in

c o m p u tin g m e a n s ,
6

m e d ia n s ,

a n d m id d le r a n g e s of

T a b le 6.

O c c u p a tio n a l a v e ra g e s :

B y p re d o m in a n t ty p e o f fa b ric

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s in m en* s a n d boys* s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , by ty p e o f f a b r i c u s e d to
m a k e p r o d u c t , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , J a n u a r y 1971)
U n ite d S t a te s 2

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y u s in g —
O c c u p a tio n

W ool o r
w o o l m ix t u r e s
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
w o rk ers

O th e r t h a n w o o l
o r w ool m ix tu re
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
w o rk ers

O th e r t h a n w o o l
o r w o o l m ix t u r e
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
w o rk e rs

W ool o r
w ool m ix tu re s
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
w o rk e rs

O t h e r th a n w o o l
o r w o o l m ix t u r e
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
w o rk e rs

W om en
T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n :
__ _
- _____ __
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l — ________
P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e
— —
__ — — - _____
S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s 3 __________________
A t t a c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ----------------------------------------------------A t t a c h p o c k e ts
_______ ________ _____ _ ____ __ _
A t t a c h b e lt l o o p s ________ ___
_________ ___ _____
A t t a c h f ly ------- ----- ----------- _
___
_______
A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d __________ ___ _________________ __
__
_ — ____ ___
A t t a c h z ip p e r _ ----- —
B a rta c k in g
— ____ __ ________
_ _________
B u tto n h o le m a k e r
----__ _____ _ __
__ _ _
H e m le g b o t to m s ___________ ______ _________________
J o i n i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s __
___ _
_______
J o i n s e a t s e a m s ___
_
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ ___ ____
M a k e lo o p s — - --------- ----- _ ___________ ___
M a k e p o c k e t s ______ _________ _________ ____________ ___ _
P i e c i n g f l y s ___ ___ ___ ___ ____ __
________ _ _ __
P i e c i n g p o c k e ts
____ _ __ _____ _
_________
S e r g in g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Sew o n b u tto n s
------------ __ ------------ ------ ------------Sew o n w a i s tb a n d l in in g
______ __ __ __ ________
S t it c h p o c k e ts _______ __________ ___ __ _____________
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s t i n g p u l l e r s __ ----- ----------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ---------- _ _ __ _____
__
__ ______
M is c e ll a n e o u s :
A s s e m b l e r s ( g a r m e n t b u n d l e r , a s s o r t e r ) ------------- _
G a r m e n t r e p a i r e r s ( m a t c h - u p g i r l , m e n d e r ) -----------------J a n i t o r s _______ ________ _
__ ________ — _ _ _______
P a c k e rs
-------------------— ----_ __ __
__ _ _
S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s ______ __ _
_____ _______
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le g i r l ) _________ ___________ ___

227
125
4, 583
60
484
199
230
270
46
285
78
69
433
164
63
191
94
168
251
73
123
212
322
296

$ 2 . 20
2. 35
2. 17
2. 27
2. 18
2. 12
2. 21
1 .9 7
2. 56
2. 15
2. 21
1. 83
2. 05
2. 11
2. 25
2. 35
2. 10
2. 19
2. 12
2. 17
2. 40
2. 32
2. 12
2. 16

1 ,7 6 9
1, 935
39, 536
572
3, 958
1, 955
1, 748
1, 913
799
2, 591
533
1, 137
3, 06 2
1, 640
382
1, 432
798
1, 643
2, 183
446
721
1 ,7 5 1
1 ,6 2 8
1, 081

$ 2. 04
2. 11
1. 95
1. 90
1 .9 2
1. 88
1 .9 7
1. 91
1. 97
1. 90
2 .0 3
1. 90
1. 92
1. 90
2 .0 3
2 .0 5
2. 01
1. 92
1. 94
2. 00
2. 04
1. 95
2. 02
2 .0 1

130
24
3, 010
30
239
72
112
157
71
182
32
39
170
102
31
219
65
101
175
35
71
118
141
68

$ 2. 34
2. 83
2. 42
2. 46
2. 37
2. 19
2. 37
2. 34
2. 59
2. 35
2. 47
2. 15
2. 46
2 .4 2
2. 34
2. 65
2. 53
2. 35
2. 30
2. 46
2. 69
2. 53
2. 44
2. 56

99
_
1, 954
29
225
89
91
145
104
48
_
186
75
32
52
50
48
98
37
73
94
132
161

$ 2 .0 9
_
2. 15
2. 04
2. 26
2. 13
2. 13
1. 91
_
2. 22
2. 24
_
1. 95
2. 01
2 .0 9
2. 56
2. 07
2. 22
2. 12
2. 28
2. 25
2. 34
2. 06
2. 19

45
30
1, 373
34
120
_
83
53
28
_
_
_
150
55
13
111
37
48
108
_
_
51
_
46

$ 2. 04
2. 29
2. 07
1. 94
2 .0 3
_
2. 07
2. 04
2. 09
_
_
2. 01
2. 07
2. 30
2. 11
1. 97
1. 96
2. 14
_
_
1. 99
_
2. 00

71
90
13
21
35
75

2. 16
2. 10
1. 94
2. 19
2 .0 8
2 .0 0

505
455
110
192
141
259

2. 06
1. 97
1. 78
2. 03
1 .8 7
1 .9 0

59
33

2. 30
2. 35
_

_
1 .8 9
_
_
_

_
30
_
_
_

_
2. 00

113
25
16
28

3 .0 7
3. 78
3. 25
3. 02

521
72
257
53 2

2.
3.
2.
2.

164
104

3. 40
2 .6 6

60
22
48
19
10
31
34
91

3. 28
2. 42
1. 92
3. 00
2. 41
2. 17
1. 97
2. 10

-

-

_
26
_
-

18

2. 26

-

"

-

77
08
60
27

65
20
18
41

3.
3.
3.
2.

49
96
04
60

78
-

2. 80
_
_

22
_
7
19

1, 757
551

2. 50
2. 22

200
137

3 .6 7
2. 88

-

2. 03

-

-

20

715
126
431
41 4
96
244
213
177
1, 226

3. 00
2. 26
1. 83
2. 07
2. 51
2. 10
2. 02
1 .8 2
1. 95

51
19
20
37
19
_
_
10
73

3. 74
2. 82
2 .0 8
2 .6 5
2 .7 0
_
_
1 .7 6
2. 31

28

3. 02

29

2. 84

-

-

-

_
_

M en
C u ttin g :
C u t t e r s , c lo t h , m a c h i n e __ _ ____
___ ____ __ ____
C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c l o t h ___ _ _ __ __ __ _________
M a r k e r s ---------- _. — ________
______ ______ _______
S p r e a d e r s ------ _
_
-------------- ----_ ----------------T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n :
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -----------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ___
____ ___ _____ ______ _____
M i s c e ll a n e o u s :
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e r e p a i r m e n ) _ ---- _ A s s e m b l e r s ( g a r m e n t b u n d l e r , a s s o r t e r ) --------------------J a n i t o r s ----- — ----- ------ ------- - ------- ------------------------ _
P a c k e r s ----------- ------------------ _
__ _ _ ----------S h ip p in g c l e r k s _ ------- - ------ _
_
------ — _ _
S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s _ _
___________ ____ __
S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s ----- —
_____ — _ __ _____
W a tc h m e n ----------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le b o y ) __________________________
S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




-

_

3. 30
_
2. 56
2 .4 8

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

-

-

24
16
7
8
20
30

1. 92
2. 06
2. 31
2. 17
1. 95
2. 08

-

_
_
_

T a b le 6.

O c c u p a tio n a l a v e ra g e s :

B y p re d o m in a n t ty p e o f fa b r ic —C o n tin u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n 's a n d boys* s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , by ty p e of f a b r i c u s e d to
2
m a k e p r o d u c t , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , J a n u a r y 1971)
S o u th e a s t

G re a t L ak es

M id d le : W e st

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y u s in g —
O c c u p a tio n

W oo o r
w o o l m i x tu r e
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

O th e r t h a n w o o l
o r w o o l m ix t u r e
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

W ool o r
w o o l m ix t u r e
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

O th e r t h a n w o o l
o r w o o l m ix t u r e
N um ber
A v erag e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

W om en
T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n :
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ___________ _
_ _ ____________
P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e ______
__
_
________
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s 3 ______________ __
A tta c h c ro tc h p ie c e s —
________________________________
A tta c h p o c k e t _ _
____________ __
_____ ____
A t t a c h b e l t lo o p s _______ _____ — ___
A tta c h f ly ------------------------------------------------ -----------------A tta c h w a i s tb a n d ------------ ------------------------ ------A t t a c h z i p p e r ________ _______________ ____ _____
_____ _ ___ ___
B a r ta c k i n g ___________ _________
B u tto n h o le m a k e r _____________________________________
H e m le g b o t to m s — ------------ --------- ----------- ------—--------- -J o i n in s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s ____ ________ ______ _
J o i n s e a t s e a m s ____ _ __ _ ______ __ _ _ ____
M a k e lo o p s ---------- ------- ------- __ __ __ __
M a k e p o c k e ts ----------- — -------------------- _
P i e c i n g f ly s ____ _________ __ ___
____ __ __ __
P i e c i n g p o c k e ts _________ __ ___ __________ _ __
S e r g in g -------------------------------------------------------------------------Sew o n b u tto n s ________________________________________
Sew o n w a i s tb a n d lin in g ____ ___
_ _____
____
S t itc h p o c k e ts _
___ _ __________ _ _ _ _ _ _
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g p u l l e r s __________________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s -------------- _ _ ___ _ * ________ ______
M is c e ll a n e o u s :
A s s e m b l e r s ( g a r m e n t b u n d l e r , a s s o r t e r ) _____________
G a r m e n t r e p a i r e r s ( m a t c h - u p g i r l , m e n d e r ) __ __ ___
J a n i t o r s ___ _____ __ _ __ _____ ____
_________ __
P a c k e r s ____
__ ________ ______________ _ _ _____ ___
S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s ___ ___
_ ______
___ __
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s ( b u n d le g i r l ) ______ ________ ________

51
1, 340
145
73
90
60
6

$ 2 . 27
1. 97
1 .9 2
1 .8 7
2. 14
1 .8 1
1. 96
2. 07
1 .8 1
1. 99
2. 09
2. 07
1 .9 9
2. 30
2. 13
1. 97
1. 97

961
1, 075
1 8 ,8 2 0
190
1, 926
810
763
911
360
1, 364
213
572
1, 6 2 4
810
208
629
339
7 24
1 ,0 7 4
233
378
981
788
52 4

$ 1 . 96
2. 07
1 .9 0
1 .8 5
1 .9 1
1 .8 8
1. 91
1. 85
1 .9 0
1 .8 4
1 .9 3
1 .8 8
1. 84
1. 84
1. 96
1 .9 3
1. 99
1. 92
1. 90
1. 93
1. 95
1 .9 2
1 .9 7
1 .9 6

41
47
8 44
9
83
17
34
34
14
55
14
_
72
30
11
48
28
42
44
11
18
41
42
70

-

-

30
-

2. 07

2. 00
1. 87
1 .6 9
2. 00
1 .8 1
1 .8 6

-

13
-

137
44
56
86
16
10
56
no
63

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

27
58
25
29
25
16
38
05
56
27
14
_
35
28
44
15
08
08
01
05
58
30
14
23

51
54
1, 670
_
24
11
15
19

_
_
42
49

_
1 .9 5
2. 03

23
15
_
19
_

2. 47
2. 20
_
2. 15
_

45
18

2. 17
2. 09

-

27
_
17

2. 07

-

16
10
13
15

2 .6 6
2. 94
2. 69
2. 24

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

15
_
7
26
10
_

_
_
18

_

$ 1. 95
2. 21
1. 93
2.
2.
2.
1.

09
03
29
98

2. 14
2. 01
2. 12
2. 04
_
_
_
2. 49
_

_
20

2. 00

142
235
60
111
107
106

17
16

3. 40
2. 74

248
_
137
259

2 .6 6
_
2. 48
2. 24

11
_
_
_

3. 79

47
34

3. 27
2. 22

81 4
274

2. 34
1. 97

25
_

3. 56

41
21

2. 14
1. 89

19
18
-

3. 03
1. 90
_
_
1 .9 5
2. 05

347
81
189
220
35
79
72
127
410

2. 82
2. 13
1. 80
1. 92
2. 42
2. 00
1. 97
1. 82
1 .9 0

10
_
_
_
_
_
8
_

4. 01
_
_
_
_
_
2. 29
_

24
9
29

3. 15
2. 18
1 .9 4
2. 55
2. 22
2. 38
_

“

-

8
11
7
_
34

-

-

1. 91

M en
C u ttin g :
C u t t e r s , c lo th , m a c h i n e _____ ___ ____ _ _ _ ____
C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c l o t h __ _______ _ _______
_ __
M a r k e r s _____ ___ ________
___ __________ ________
S p read ers - —
___________ __ ____ _____ __ _
____
T r o u s e r fa b r ic a tio n :
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e __
_ _ _ __ ____ __
------- __
_
___ ___ ________ __ __
U n d e rp re sse rs
M is c e lla n e o u s :
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e r e p a i r m e n )
___
__
A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le r, a s s o r te r ) _ _ _ _ _ _
J a n ito rs _
P a c k e r s _ ___ ______ ___ __ _____________
S h ip p in g c l e r k s
_ _ __ _ __ ____ __ _ __ ____ _
S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s
----------__
_ _ __
S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s _______________________________
W a tc h m e n
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s ( b u n d le b o y ) __ __
_ _

-

_
20
32

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p e r a t e l y .
3 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r te d o r d a ta th a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




_
_

1. 99

T a b le 7.

O c c u p a tio n a l a v e rag e s:

B y s iz e o f c o m m u n i t y

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's and b o y s' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s , by s iz e of c o m m u n ity , U nited
S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , J a n u a r y 1971)
M id d le A tla n tic

United S ta tes

S o utheast

B o rd e r S tates

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s in ­
o c c u p a tio n

M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s

M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

M e tr o p o li t a n a r e a s
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s
N um ber
of
w o rk e r s

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

117
2, 716
36
210
66
92
160
69
159
25
31
150
94
28
203
53
95
158
24
80
106
156
"

$ 2 . 39
2. 50
2. 66
2. 46
2. 46
2. 49
2. 37
2. 66
2. 34
2. 44
2. 17
2. 58
2. 43
2. 42
2. 78
2. 59
2. 44
2. 36
2. 26
2. 67
2. 66
2. 52
-

133
76
3, 033
59
319
137
152
181
41
158
65
66
313
124
43
153
79
83
186
60
78
125
189
184

$ 2 . 08
2. 23
2. 09
1. 97
2. 16
2. 07
2. 03
1. 92
2. 19
2. 02
2. 25
1. 85
1 .9 3
2. 01
2. 15
2. 23
1. 99
2. 05
2. 13
2. 22
2. 19
2. 21
2. 03
2. 16

46
56
1, 265
105
52
35
65
48
54
10
37
114
82
12
46
47
33
76
19
29
68
82

$ 2 . 05
2. 10
1. 99
1. 96
1. 87
2. 05
1. 84
1. 98
1. 92
2. 05
2. 08
1. 94
1. 93
2. 16
2. 19
2. 04
2. 03
1. 96
1. 92
1. 98
1. 95
1. 97
"

966
1, 039
18, 89 5
182
1, 966
831
818
906
318
1, 405
216
559
1, 647
772
211
639
300
751
1, 084
230
359
969
816
552

$1.
2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

97
07
90
83
90
88
93
85
89
83
93
87
83
84
98
93
98
92
91
93
96
93
97
95

05
93
75
03
85
89

40
36
_

2. 36
2. 41
-

42
55
9
i48

1. 93
1. 94
1 .9 1
1. 89

25

1, 90

133
263
62
106
102
101

2.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.

01
90
70
01
81
88

68
61
50
30

64
22
13
35

3. 60
3 .9 3
3. 41
2. 69

6
12

2. 52
2. 62

22
20
20

2. 70
2. 46
2. 37

243
122
255

2. 71
2. 49
2. 26

939
353

2. 50
2. 03

210
162

3. 71
2. 91

56
18

2„ 85
1. 93

34

2. 09

778
274

2. 43
1. 99

503
97
287
310
67
106
110
179
618

2.
2.
1.
1.
2.
2.
2.
1.
1.

41
25
13
31
19
7

3 .9 6
2. 82
2. 18
2. 70
2. 84
2. 45

53
34

2. 86
1. 81
2. 67
2. 00

32
14
23
7
-

2. 78
} .7 8
1. 92
2. 00
“

334
77
193
201
36
77
68
147
421

2.
2.
1.
1.
2.
2.
1.
1.
1.

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

637
683
993
366
740
894
822
914
439
100
234
455
121
685
152
725
375
753
905
181
320
647
686
379

$ 2. 13
2. 17
2. 03
1. 98
1. 96
1. 90
2. 02
1. 98
2. 04
1 .9 9
2. 07
1 .9 2
2. 04
1 .9 9
2. 14
2. 21
2. 04
1 .9 5
1 .9 7
2. 03
2. 27
2. 03
2. 12
2. 04

1, 359
1, 377
2 8 ,1 2 6
266
2, 702
1, 260
1, 156
1, 269
406
1, 776
377
751
2, 374
1, 119
293
898
517
1, 058
1, 529
338
524
1, 316
1, 264
998

$2.
2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
2.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.
1.
2.

02
11
94
88
95
90
98
87
96
88
04
88
89
88
02
98
00
94
96
02
99
97
99
04

315
126
35
55
45
130

2. 09
2. 19
1. 89
2. 09
2. 12
1 .9 7

261
419
88
158
131
204

2.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.

274
50
125
243

3. 01
3. 87
2 .7 9
2. 32

360
47
148
317

2.
2.
2.
2.

982
302

2. 64
2. 60

272
51
192
165
48
148
134
32
699

3. 30
2 .4 7
1 .8 4
2. 28
2. 78
2. 14
2. 03
1 .8 7
1 .9 7

N um ber
of
w o rk ers
Women
T r o u s e r fa b rica tio n :
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l -------------------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , t r o u s e r s 3 --------A t t a c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ------------------------------------A t t a c h p o c k e t s -----'-------------------------------------------A t t a c h b e l t l o o p s --------------------------------------------A t t a c h f l y ----------------------------------------------------------A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d --------------------------------------------A t t a c h z i p p e r ---------------------------------------------------B a r t a c k i n g --------------------------------------------------------B u t t o n h o l e m a k e r -------------------------------------------H e m l e g b o t t o m s -------------------------------------------J o i n i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s ------------------------J o i n s e a t s e a m s ------------------------------------------------M a k e l o o p s -------------------------------------------------------M a k e p o c k e t s ----------------------------------------------------P i e c i n g f l y s -----------------------------------------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s ------------------------------------------------S e r g i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------S e w o n b u t t o n s ------------------------------------------------S e w o n w a i s t b a n d l i n i n g -------------------------------S t i t c h p o c k e t s --------------------------------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s t i n g p u l l e r s ----U n d e r p r e s s e r s -------------------------------------------------M iscellaneous:
A s s e m b l e r s ( g a r m e n t b u n d l e r , a s s o r t e r ) ----G a rm en t r e p a ir e r s (m atc h -u p girl, m en d er)
J a n i t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------S t o c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s ------------------------------------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s ( b u n d l e g i r l ) --------- ---------------

15,
1,

1,
1,

-

M en
C u ttin g :
C u t t e r s , c l o t h , m a c h i n e --------- ■
---------------------------------------------C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c l o t h ----------------------------------------------M a r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------S p r e a d e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------T r o u s e r fa b rica tio n :
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e -------------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------M iscellaneous:
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w i n g - m a c h i n e r e p a i r m e n ) --------------------------A s s e m b l e r s ( g a r m e n t b u n d l e r , a s s o r t e r ) ---------------------J a n i t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S h i p p i n g c l e r k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------S t o c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s --------------------------------------------------------S t o c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s ----------------------------------------------------W a t c h m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s ( b u n d l e b o y ) --------------------------------------------

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d it i o n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
NO TE :

D a s h e s in d ic a t e no d a ta r e p o r te d o r data th at do n ot m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




88
18
83
98
46
08
05
84
95

-

10
72

_

1. 76
2, 37

_

18
_

62

83
15
81
91
41
00
97
83
91

T a b l e 8.

O c c u p a t i o n a l a v e ra g e s :

B y s iz e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's and b o y s ' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , by s i z e of e s ta b lis h m e n t ,
U n ited S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , J a n u a ry 1971)
United S ta tes 2

M iddle A tlan tic
E stablishm ent:

O c c u p a tio n

20—
249 w o r k e r s
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250—
499 w o r k e r s
A v e r­
age
N um ber
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs e a r n ­
in g s

500 wo r k e r s
o r m Dre
A v er­
N um ber
age
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs e a rn ­
in g s

B o rd e r S tates

S o u th e ast

w ith—

20—249 w o r k e r s 250—
499 w o r k e r s
A v e r­
A v er­
N um ber
age
N um ber
age
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs e a rn ­ w o rk e rs e a rn ­
in g s
in g s

20—
249 w o r k e r s
A v e r­
N um ber
age
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs e a rn ­
in g s

20—249 w o r k e r s 250—
499 w o r k e r s
A ver A v e r­
N um ber
age
N um ber
age
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs e a rn ­ w o rk e rs e a rn ­
in g s 1
in g s

500 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
A v e r­
N um ber
age
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers e a rn ­
in g s

W om en

S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




777
511

$ 2 . 03
904
2. 20 - 1 ,0 2 0

$ 2 . 03
2. 11

315
529

$ 2 . 18
2. 11

98
-

$ 2 . 41
-

56
-

$ 2 . 21
-

87
-

$ 2 . 24
-

382
298

$ 1 .9 0
2. 14

515
532

$ 2 . 01
2. 12

115
265

$ 2 . 05
1 .8 8

15, 597
149
1, 329
501
573
703
275
951
199
350
1, 164
544
169
746
301
549
799
199
351
654

2. 02 19, 110
2. 15
213
2. 08 2, 161
944
2. 00
810
2. 07
865
1 .9 8
321
2. 20
1 .9 7
1, 197
2. 07
247
1 .9 0
549
1, 606
1 .9 9
830
1 .9 9
2. 11
183
2. 17
599
2. 08
379
2. 02
761
2. 04 1, 050
2. 04
192
2. 22
361
2. 08
1, 016

1 .9 5
1 .8 6
1 .9 0
1 .8 7
1 .9 9
1 .8 8
1 .9 6
1 .8 8
2. 03
1 .8 9
1 .9 1
1 .8 9
2. 03
2. 01
2. 10
1 .9 3
1 .9 2
2. 00
2. 00
1 .9 4

9, 412
270
952
709
595
615
249
728
165
307
725
430
93
278
212
501
58 5
128
132
293

1 .9 4
1 .8 9
1 .8 9
1 .8 6
1 .9 4
1 .9 0
1 .8 5
1 .9 5
2. 06
1 .9 1
1 .9 1
1 .8 9
2. 05
2. 00
1 .8 0
1 .8 8
1 .9 3
2. 02
2. 03
1 .9 8

2, 188
36
173
57
77
121
56
136
19
128
66
25
200
47
82
143
34
62
77

2. 46
2. 54
2. 44
2. 36
2. 41
2. 30
2. 73
2. 29
2. 41
2. 54
2. 38
2. 33
2. 60
2. 52
2. 39
2. 36
2. 37
2. 65
2. 59

1, 100
7
89
26
44
57
20
60
15
69
43
10
45
18
30
48
8
25
53

2. 42
2. 49
2. 34
2. 23
2. 38
2. 43
2. 43
2. 50
2. 50
2. 44
2. 24
2. 43
2 .9 1
2. 56
2. 47
2. 18
2. 34
2. 70
2. 53

1, 757
43
181
98
85
23
102
41
155
68
25
117
39
57
124
40
50
81

2. 21
2. 02
2. 21
2. 25
2. 12
2. 35
2. 11
2. 32
2. 09
2. 03
2. 32
2. 38
2. 25
2. 26
2. 11
2. 20
2. 36
2. 39

7, 28 0
31
622
235
237
361
139
566
102
209
604
28 7
92
307
146
329
421
97
164
388

1 .8 6
1 .7 9
1 .9 6
1 .8 8
1 .8 9
1 .8 5
1 .9 4
1 .8 3
1 .8 7
1 .8 5
1 .8 3
1 .8 4
1 .9 5
1 .8 3
1 .8 4
1 .8 3
1 .8 9
1 .8 4
1 .9 2
1 .8 9

10, 313
129
1, 274
499
488
491
195
745
89
333
916
477
113
267
173
340
563
111
197
553

1 .9 0
1 .8 7
1 .8 7
1 .8 7
1 .9 3
1 .8 3
1 .8 8
1 .8 1
1 .9 7
1 .8 8
1 .8 3
1 .8 3
1 .9 9
2. 05
2. 12
1 .9 8
1 .9 0
1 .9 7
1 .9 6
1 .9 4

2, 567
34
175
149
128
119
32
148
35
54
241
90
18
111
28
115
176
41
27
96

2. 00
1 .8 2
1 .9 6
1 .9 5
2. 04
1 .9 2
1 .8 8
1 .9 9
2. 03
1 .9 9
1 .9 4
1 .9 8
2. 12
2. 02
1 .91
2. 02
2. 00
2. 03
2. 13
2. 06

2. 05
2. 06

870
556

2. 01
2. 05

356
221

2. 07
1 .9 7

127
-

2. 57
-

43
-

2. 35
-

93
134

2. 12
2. 22

340
270

1 .8 6
1 .9 0

440
218

2. 01
2. 07

118
99

2. 12
1 .8 9

2. 08

152

2. 04

46

2. 28

16

2. 39

1 .9 8
1 .8 2
2. 08
1 .9 8
1 .8 9

79
34
19
31
61

2. 06
1 .8 4
1.91
1. 75
1 .9 5

36
16

2. 40
2. 27

“

724
600

219

00
o

T r o u s e r fa b r ic a tio n :
I n s p e c t o r s f i n a l ------------------------------------P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e ------------------S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s 3 --------------------------------------------A t t a c h c r o t c h p i e c e s -----------------------A t t a c h p o c k e t s ---------------------------------A t t a c h b e lt l o o p s ------------------------------A t t a c h f l y -------------------------------------------A t t a c h w a i s t b a n d -----------------------------A t t a c h z i p p e r ------------------------------------B a r t a c k i n g ----------------------------------------B u tto n h o le m a k e r ----------------------------H e m le g b o t t o m s -----------------------------J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s -----------J o i n s e a t s e a m s --------------------------------M a k e l o o p s ----------------------------------------M a k e p o c k e t s ------------------------------------P i e c i n g f l y s ---------------------------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s --------------------------------S erg m g
- ------- ----------------------S e w on b u t t o n s ---------------------------------S e w on w a i s tb a n d l i n i n g ------------------S t it c h p o c k e t s -----------------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u l l e r s -------------------------------------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ---------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s :
A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le r,
a s s o r t e r ) ---------------------------------------------G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s (m a tc h -u p g ir l,
m e n d e r ) ------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s --------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s --------------------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s -----------------------W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le g i r l ) ------------

205

216
37

1 .9 8
1 .7 1
2. 02
1 .9 3
1 .9 5

250
52
117
58
150

77

87
123

_

37
7

“

-

63

1 .8 6

71

2. 11

9

2. 15

1 .9 8
1 .9 6
"

84
22
25
40

1 .8 0
1 .6 1
2. 00
1 .7 6

150
28
34
57

1 .9 2
1 .7 3
1 .9 4
1 .9 2

37
13
19
29

2. 01
1. 79
1 .9 1
1 .9 9

T a b le 8.

O c c u p a tio n a l averages:

B y s iz e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t — C o n t i n u e d

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d p ro d u ctio n o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's and b o y s ' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , by s i z e of e s ta b lis h m e n t ,
U n ite d S ta te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , J a n u a r y 1971)
M id d le A t la n t i c

U n ite d S t a t e s

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a st

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h —

O c c u p a tio n

20—249 w o r k e r s

250—
499 w o r k e r s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

241
65
91
172

$ 3 . 02
3. 27
2 .8 3
2. 27

229
24
102
228

580
25 4

2. 76
2. 51

237
59
161
131
41
53
33
59
278

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

500 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
A v er­
N um ber
age
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs e a rn ­
in g s

20—
249 w o r k e r s
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

250—499 w o r k e r s
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

20—
249 w o r k e r s
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

20—249 w o r k e r s

2 5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s

500 w o r k e r s
o r m o re
A v e r­
N um ber
age
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs e a rn ­
in g s

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e r­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

73
_
42
87

$ 2 . 63
_
2. 58
2. 00

147
_
68
137

$ 2 .6 5
.
2. 42
2. 39

45
_
32
51

$ 3 . 02
_
2. 50
2. 40

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v er­
age
h o u r ly
e a rn ­
in g s

M en
C u ttin g :
C u t t e r s , c lo t h , m a c h i n e ----------------------C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c l o t h -----------------M a r k e r s -------------------------------------------------S p r e a d e r s ----------------------------------------------T r o u s e r F a b r ic a tio n :
P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e ------------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ---------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s :
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e
r e p a i r m e n ) ------------------------------------------A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le r,
a s s o r t e r ) ---------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s --------------------------------------------------P a c k e r s --------------------------------------------------S h ip p in g c l e r k s -------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s -----------------------S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s -------------------W a tc h m e n ----------------------------------------------W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le b o y ) ------------

1
2
3

$2.
3.
2.
2.

75
42
51
35

164
80
160

2. 58
2. 29

54
16
13
35

696
307

2. 54
2. 22

645
94

2. 44
1 .9 6

3. 18

346

2 .8 8

192

2. 32
1 .8 3
2. 12
2. 62
2. 07
2. 18
1 .8 3
1 .9 6

60
176
207
49
67
62
112
515

2. 27
1 .8 6
2. 08
2. 50
2. 26
2. 11
1 .8 3
1 .9 6

29
142
137
25
134
149
40
524

E x clu d e s p r e m i u m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, holidays,
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e g io n s in ad d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .

NOTE:

-

$ 2 . 64

$ 3 .4 7
4. 01
2. 87
2. 59

16

$ 3 . 72
_
3. 44
2. 74

44
_

6
7

16

$ 3 . 52
_
3. 16

154 *
111

3. 6 4
2. 76

75
51

3. 6 4
3. 23

34
12

3. 21
2. 23

223
76

2. 18
2. 02

506
175

2. 35
1 .9 8

132
57

2. 92
2. 05

3. 09

36

3. 72

16

3 .8 3

27

3. 06

127

2 .9 6

193

2. 76

46

2. 76

2. 21
1 .8 1
2. 05
2. 74
2. 06
1 .9 8
1 .9 1
1 .9 5

15
15
26
13
46

3. 04
2. 05
2. 58
2 .8 0

-

12

2. 10

1 .9 3
1 .7 5
1 .8 1
2. 10
1 .9 0
1 .7 7
1 .8 2

41
93
132
24
30
36
85
236

2. 19
1 .8 5
1 .9 7
2. 48
2. 24
2. 01
1 .8 3
1 .9 4

13
45
24
7
32
27
23
72

2. 39
1 .8 2
1 .8 6
2. 41
1 .8 5
1 .9 5
1 .9 4
1 .9 7

-

and late shifts.

D a s h e s i n d i c a t e n o d a t a r e p o r t e d o r d a t a th a t d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




-

2. 30

-

11
7
-

-

34

-

2 .8 1
2. 79
-

2 . 36

-

-

-

-

-

34

-

2. 06

29
69
68
7
12
39
134

T a b le 9.

O c c u p a tio n a l averages:

By la b o r-m a n a g e m e n i c o n tra c t c o v e ra g e

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a t i o n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ’ s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g , b y l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c t
c o v e r a g e , U n ite d S t a t e s a n d s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , J a n u a r y 1971)
U n ite d S ta te s 2

M id d le A t la n tic

B o r d e r S t a te s

S o u th e a s t

G re a t L akes

M id d le W e st

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith —
O c c u p a tio n

M a jo r it y o f
w o rk e rs c o v e re d
N um ber A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs e a rn in g s

N one o r a m i n o r i t y
of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d
N um ber
A v erag e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e r s e a rn in g s

M a jo r it y of
w o rk e rs c o v e re d
N um ber A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

M a jo r it y o f
w o rk e rs c o v e re d
N um ber A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

M a jo r ity of
w o rk e rs c o v e re d
N um ber A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

N one o r a
of w o rk e r
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

m in o rity
s c o v e re d
A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

M a jo r it y of
w o r k e r s c o v e re d
N um ber A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

M a jo r ity of
w o rk e rs c o v e re d
N um ber A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

W om en
T r o u s e r s f a b r ic a tio n :
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l _______________
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e ____
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s 3 _____________________
A t t a c h c r o t c h p i e c e s _________
A t t a c h p o c k e t s ................................
A t t a c h b e lt lo o p s ____________
A t t a c h f l y ...... .................. . ...............
A t t a c h w a i s tb a n d ____________
A t t a c h z i p p e r ...................................
B a r ta c k i n g ......................................
B u tto n h o le m a k e r __________
H e m le g b o t to m s ___________
J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s . .
J o in s e a t s e a m s ______________
M a k e l o o p s ___________________
M a k e p o c k e ts _______________
P i e c i n g f ly s
................. .............
P i e c i n g p o c k e ts ______________
S e r g in g .............. ..............................
S ew on b u t t o n s _______________
S ew on w a i s tb a n d l i n i n g .
S t it c h p o c k e ts _______________
T h re a d tr im m e r s and
b a s ti n g p u l l e r s
U n d e r p r e s s e r s ...............................
M is c e ll a n e o u s :
A s s e m b le r s (g a rm e n t b u n d le r,
a s s o r t e r ) ---------------- ------- ----------G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s (m a tc h -u p
g i r l , m e n d e r ) _________________
J a n i t o r s __________________________
P a c k e r s __________________________
S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s _________
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le
g i r l ) --------------------- ----------- -----------

628
564

$ 2 . 29
2. 36

1, 368
1 ,4 9 6

1 4 ,3 8 9
256
1, 188
627
669
706
270
690
225
260
963
559
151
542
364
618
819
170
310
599

2. 18
2. 08
2. 20
2. 03
2. 19
2. 07
2. 24
2. 16
2. 22
2. 02
2. 19
2. 09
2. 28
2. 44
2. 20
2. 12
2. 11
2. 19
2 .4 1
2. 22

2 9 ,7 3 0
376
3, 254
1, 527
1, 309
1 ,4 7 7
575
2, 186
386
946
2, 532
1, 245
294
1, 081
528
1, 193
1, 615
349
5 34
1, 364

745
615

2. 21
2. 14

1, 205
762

259

2. 20

226
38
81
58

2.
1.
2.
2.

16
89
16
19

102

2. 13

$ 1. 95
2. 04
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

139
-

$ 2 . 33
_

86
64

$ 2 . 22
2. 18

144
259

$ 2 . 19
2. 23

868
836

46
53
42
32
41
34
68
33
42
15
51
44
34
72
56
43
32
29
66
59

1 ,5 4 8
31
165
87
74
17
52
39
.
131
55
24
92
32
51
110
36
55
76

2. 27
2. 06
2. 26
2. 36
2. 08
2. 63
2. 38
2. 31
.
2. 21
2. 09
2. 40
2. 46
2. 52
2. 39
2. 13
2. 22
2. 38
2. 39

2, 761
34
233
115
83
128
38
119
22
41
229
100
27
96
84
105
172
39
54
143

2. 12
1. 97
2. 26
2. 07
2. 09
1. 93
2. 26
2. 06
2. 24
2. 05
2. 02
2. 02
2. 36
2. 18
2. 16
2. 29
2. 01
2. 21
2 .4 6
2. 09

1 7 ,3 9 9
160
1 ,8 3 8
768
770
843
328
1, 340
204
555
1 ,5 3 2
754
196
589
263
679
988
210
334
894

2. 26
2. 13

763
419

53
67

$ 2 . 21
2. 51

25
45

$ 2 . 13
2 .2 7

87
82
23
85
92
83
86
82
90
87
82
83
93
91
93
87
89
88
88
91

926
12

1 ,0 7 9
_
24
11
15
19

2. 02

79
38
15
39
33
37
54
13
20
48

2. 19
1. 99
2. 25
2. 15
2. 38
1. 85
2. 23
2. 19
2. 06
.
2. 20
2. 17
2. 37
2. 21
2. 15
1. 99
2. 00
2. 11
2. 41
2. 12

1. 92
1. 89

43
86

2. 19
2. 15

27
35

2. 01
2. 10

$ 1 . 94
2. 02

87
84
86
85
90
85
89
85
95
87
84
84
95
90
90
85
89
94
91
89

3, 060
43
256
83
112
178
73
178
31
39
179
100
32
215
59
106
176
27
87
124

1. 93
1. 96

167
_

2. 51
.

88
150

2. 15
2. 19

135
168

317

1. 97

53

2. 31

34

2. 03

_

101

1. 89

26

2. 20

33

2. 32

319
85
132
118

1.
1.
1.
1.

87
75
97
78

39
-

2. 38
_

31
_

2. 01
_
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40
11
25
14

2.
1.
2.
2.

12
77
19
33

231
52
86
93

1.
1.
1.
1.

86
69
95
74

21
7
21
14

2.
1.
2.
2.

19
95
15
01

13
_
21

_

2. 11

232

1. 83

12

2. 27

30

2. 09

96

1. 82

18

2. 28

7

2. 14

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

_

1.
1.
2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

no

28
41
42
18
53
19

15

_

7
26
10

_

.
_

_
18
_
_

_

___________ 1
S e e f o o tn o t e s at end o f t a b le .




2. 09
2. 03
2. 29
1. 98
_
2. 14
_
2. 01
2. 12
2. 04
_
_
_
_
2. 49
_
_
_

2. 24

_

T a b le 9.

O c c u p a tio n a l ave rag e s:

By la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra c t c o v e ra g e — C o n tin u e d

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d p r o d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 1 s and b o y s ' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa c tu r in g , by la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c t
c o v e r a g e , U n ite d S t a te s and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , J a n u a ry 1971)
M id d le A tla n tic

U n ited S ta te s 2

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a st

G re a t L a k es

M id dle W est

E s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith —
O cc u p a tio n

M a jo r ity of
w orker s covered
N u m b er A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w orkers
ea r n in g s'

None or a m in o r ity
of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d
N um ber A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w orkers
e a r n in g s

M ajor ity of
w orker s co v ered
N u m b er A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s

M a jo r ity o f
w ork ers covered
N u m b er A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w orkers
e a r n in g s

M a jo r ity of
w ork ers covered
N u m b er A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w orkers
e a r n in g s 1

N on e or a m in o r ity
of w o rk ers co v ered
N u m b er A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w orkers
e a r n in g s'

M a jo r ity of
w o rk ers covered
N u m b er A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w orkers
e a r n in g s

M a jo r ity of
w ork ers covered
N u m ber A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s 1

M en
C u ttin g:
C u tt e r s , c lo th , m a c h in e . . . .........
C u tte r s and m a r k e r s , c l o t h ___
M a r k e r s ______ __________________
S p r e a d e r s ________________________
T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n :
P r e s s e r s , f in is h , m a c h in e ___
U n d e r p r e s s e r s ___________ _____
M is c e lla n e o u s :
A d ju s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h in e
r e p a ir m e n ) ---- -----------------------A s s e m b le r s (g a r m e n t b u n d le r ,
a s s o r t e r ) ---------------------------------J a n i t o r s ....................................................
P a c k e r s __________________________
S h ip p in g c le r k s _________________
S to c k c le r k s , g a r m e n t s _________
S to c k c le r k s , p ie c e g o o d s _____
W a tc h m e n .................. ......................... .
W ork d is t r ib u t o r s (b u n d le b o y )..

2 34
60
103
187

$ 3 . 31
3. 88
2 .8 3
2. 51

400
37
170
373

622
291

3. 07
2. 74

237

3. 27

65
131
128
52
93
77
66
519

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.

51
91
39
74
11
19
88
04

54
25
52
21

70
21
19
42

1 ,2 9 9
364

2. 33
1. 93

229
162

538

2. 92
2.
1.
1.
2.
2.
1.
1.
1.

83
348
347
63
161
* 167
145
798

$2.
2.
2.
2.

10
78
97
48
11
97
82
90

$3.
3.
3.
2.

52
85
05
61

_
.
19

_
3. 11

57
_
41
57

$ 3. 07
_
2. 55
2. 54

208
_
101
218

$ 2 . 61
.
2 .4 6
2. 20

14
_
_
_

$ 3 . 14
_
_
_

12
_
10
8

$ 2 . 82
.
2. 87
2. 69

3. 64
2. 91

26
12

3. 54
2. 23

68
26

2. 99
2. 20

793
282

2. 34
1. 98

22
.

3. 55
_

26
16

2. 24
1. 94

46

3. 80

18

3. 49

51

2. 96

315

2 .8 1

12

3. 82

15

3. 20

25
18
34
19
6
10
80

2. 82
2. 12
2. 68
2. 84
2. 58
1. 76
2. 33

-

20
32
35

2. 40
1. 88
2. 06

63
175
189
33
61
60
122
381

2. 05
1. 80
1. 88
2 .4 1
1. 90
1. 91
1. 81
1 .8 7

_
15
_
_
_
9
_

_
2. 05
_
_
_
2. 30
_

-

"

8
20
_
8
11
7
_
23

2. 23
2. 07
_
2. 55
2. 22
2. 38
_
2. 15

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 In p lu d e s d ata fo r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 I p c lu d e s w o r k e r s in c la s s i f i c a t i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
NO T E :

D a s h e s in d ic a t e no d a ta r e p o r te d , or data that do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .




-

14
7
-

10
_

-

-

2. 12
_
2. 36
-

2. 26
_
■

-

-

18
15
25
61

2.
2.
1.
2.

34
23
96
16

T a b le 10.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :

A la b a m a

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n * s a n d b o y s '

N um O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ----------W o m e n ----------------------------- ----M e n ____________________________

A v er-

s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n ts , J a n u a r y 1971)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s (}f—

$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1.70 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1.80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2.40 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0
of
h o u r ly
w o rk - e a rn and
$ 1 .6 0 u n d e r
ei s
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1.70 $ 1.75 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2.5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 o v e r
3, 757
3, 293
464

-

973
946
27

162
128
34

102
96
6

151
134
17

106
95
11

98
81
17

127
116
11

107
102
5

355
307
48

231
208
23

355
299
56

196
168
28

166
137
29

128
108
20

106
85
21

89
79
10

50
38
12

67
44
23

33
21
12

38
25
13

23
18
5

26
20
6

23
9
14

9
5
4

29
17
12

72
52
59
17
06

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
.

_
_

1
1

_
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_
_

_

.

3
3

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3
3

_

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1
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4
4
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-

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8

2
2
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2
4
2

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_
2
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5
4
_
4
3

4
4
_
_

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3
3
5
4
3

9
9
5
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-

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_
3
4
4

2. 15
1 .8 1
2. 28
2. 47
2. 27
2. 31
2. 80

_

14

.

_

.

_

.

1

_

14

2

2

4

.

.

2

4

14
36
36
36
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2
2
2
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_
10
10
2
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2
2
2
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_
2
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2

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4
4
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1
1
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1

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5
4
4
1

14
10
8
8
2

14
7
7
19
12
12
7

18

_
_
_
_
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18
20
12
12
8

2
7
2
2
5

2
5
3
3
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4
21
11
11
10

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7
4
4
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7
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13
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6

4
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2
6
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4
2
2
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4
12
8
8
4

2.
2.
2.
1.

01
01
01
93

_
_
_
_

766
758
758
8

70
70
70
.

66
65
58
1

no
109
109
1

79
77
77
2

53
52
52
1

67
67
67
_

78
76
76
2

165
165
165

154
154
154

174
174
174

116
116
116

101
101
101

87
87
87

54
54
54

59
59
59

22
22
22

34
34
34

15
15
15

10
10
10

14
14
14

14
14
14

6
6
6

5
3
3
2

3
3
3
_

1.
2.
1.
1.

91
09
93
96

_
_
_
_

12
54
30
41

_
5
4
6

_
4
4
3

_
20
7
5

_
11
6
2

_
9
2
_

2
5
_
3

2
15
6
4

4
21
6
4

1
16
6
3

1
19
8
8

2
12
6
6

1
10
4
4

_
9
1
_

_
9
3
4

1
8
2
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9

2

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1

2

_

2

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_

2

1

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3

_

_

T

_

$ 2 . 07
2. 03
2. 34

7
7

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo th , m a c h i n e ( a l l
m e n ) ------------------------------------------T im e ________ _____________
M a r k e r s (3 w o m e n , 18 m e n ) 2a / —
S p r e a d e r s ( a l l m e n ) -------------------T i m e ------------------------- -------

35
27
21
32
26

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

T r o u s e r fa b r ic a tio n
94
26
68
I n c e n tiv e -------- -----— --------218
P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e —------W om en
........ ....... _ _
136
127
I n c e n t iv e - __
__
M en _
_____ _— ----------82
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s 3 ---------------------------------- 2, 322
W o m e n ------------------------------------- 2, 305
I n c e n tiv e __________________ 2, 298
17
M e n ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
A tta c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ( a l l
w o m e n ) ___ __ _______ __ __ __
26
A tta c h p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n ) __
248
A tta c h b e l t lo o p s ( a l l w o m e n ).
95
A tta c h f ly ( a l l w o m e n ) -----------100
A tta c h w a i s tb a n d ( a ll
w o m e n ) _____________________
117
A tta c h z ip p e r (38 w o m e n ,
3 m e n ) _______ ____ ___________
41
B a r ta c k i n g (126 w o m e n ,
1 m a n ) ______________________
127
B u tto n h o le m a k e r ------------------32
W o m e n ____ . . . _____________
28
H e m le g b o t to m s ( a l l w o m e n ).
52
J o in in s e a m s an d o u ts e a m s
( a ll w o m e n ) --------------------------202
J o i n s e a t s e a m s (99 w o m e n ,
1 m a n ) ---------------------------------100
M a k e lo o p s ( a ll w o m e n ) 2b / __
19
M a k e p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n ]"____
103
P i e c i n g f ly s ( a l l w o m e n ) ------54
P i e c i n g p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n ) __
115
150
S e r g in g ( a l l w o m e n ) ----------- _
Sew o n b u tto n s ( a l l w o m e n ) —
32
Sew o n w a i s tb a n d l in in g ( a ll
w o m e n ) ______________________
61
S titc h p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n ) ___
111
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u lle r s (a ll w om en) (a ll in c e n ­
tiv e w o r k e r s ) -------------------- ------112
U n d e r p r e s s e r s __________________
166
W o m e n ____ ________ _________
130
M en 2b / .................................................
36
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l ( a l l w o m e n ) ------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




19
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T a b l e 1 0.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :

A l a b a m a —C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m en * s a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)
N um O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A v er-

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s < f—
o

of
h o u r ly
U nder
w o rk - e a rn $ 1.60
e rs
in g s 1

$ 1.60 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1.70 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0
and
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0

over

M is c e ll a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e
re p a irm e n ) (a ll m en ) (a ll tim e w o r k e r s ) ______ ________________
A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le r,
a s s o r t e r ) (51 w o m e n ,
4 m e n ) 23 / _______________ ______
a
G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s ( m a tc h -u p
g i r l s , m e n d e r s ) (30 w o m e n ,
2 m e n ) — ___ _____________________
T im e _________________ _____
T a n ito r s (a ll tim A w firlfp rs )
M e n _________ ___ _______ ______
P a c k e r s __________- ________________
W o m e n _______________ _______
T im e _______________ ,__ ____
M e n 2a / -----------------------------------S h ip p in g c l e r k s (1 w o m a n ,
11 m e n ) 2b / -------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s -------------T im e _________ .___,__ _______
W o m e n 2a/ ___________ _____-___
S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s
(4 w o m e n , 5 m e n ) a / ________ —
W a tc h m e n ( a l l m e n ) ( a l l t i m e m n rk p rs)
_ __
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le b o y s )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------M e n - - __ ______ ___ - __ _

41

$ 2 . 70

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1 .7 0
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1. 84
1. 93

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E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .
I n c lu d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .




_

7

U
11

1

_

_

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ------------------------W nm
_
... ..
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l (18 w o m e n ,
2 m e n ) ---------------- — ----------------

_

2

6

17
4

_

1

8

T a b l e 11.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a rn in g s :

G e o rg ia

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s
W o m e n -------------------M e n ---------------------------

J a n u a ry 1971)

N um ­ A v erN u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
ber
age
$ 1 . 6 0 $1765 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 J U 9 0 ■$17951 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 7 i 6“ 3 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $2750 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $3.101 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0
of
h o u r ly
U nder and
w o r k - e a r n ­ $ 1 .6 0
and
under
in g s 1
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 o v e r
11, 154 $ 1. 93
9 ,6 0 7
1 .9 0
1, 547
2 .1 3

36 3, 161 604
35 3, 002 526
1
159 78

69 5
563
132

540
440
100

58 0
484
96

534
47 5
59

58 2
513
69

-

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47 0
63

1, 046 74 4
89 0 620
156 124

150
112
38

134
100
34

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67
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47 4
87

374
312
62

281
233
48

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173
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S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo th , m a c h in e
( a l l m e n ) -------------------------------------T im e -----------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ----------------------------------M a r k e r s ----------- -----------------------—*—M e n --------------------------------------------T im e ------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------S p r e a d e r s (3 w o m e n , 98 m e n ) -----T im e -----------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------------

75
39
36
74
64
53
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101

52
49

2. 71
2. 53
2 . 91
2 0 51
2. 47
2. 46
2. 55
2 . 08
1. 94
2. 22

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1, 977 333
1, 974 333

388
244

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T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l ( a l l w o m e n ) ------312
TilTlG —
-------------------------- --- --- 45
I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------------267
P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e ----------801
W o m e n --------------------------------------590
I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------58 2
M e n --------------------------------------------- :
211
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s ( 6 , 207 w o m e n ,
3 m e n ) 2 ----------------------------------------- 6 , 2 1 0
I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------- 5, 959
A tta c h c ro tc h p ie c e s (a ll
i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -----------------27
A t t a c h p o c k e ts ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------------504
A t ta c h b e lt lo o p s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------------236
A t t a c h f ly ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------------200
A t t a c h w a i s tb a n d ( a l l in c e n t iv e
287
w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------------A t t a c h z i p p e r ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
93
w o r k e r s ) -------------------_
--------------B a r t a c k i n g (5 3 3 w o m e n , 1
m a n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
534
w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------------B u tto n h o le m a k e r (63 w o m e n ,
2 m e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
65
w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le ,




1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.
2.

96
83
98
02

95
94
24

1. 90
1. 91

_
-

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6

32

11

27

17

15

16

6

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31

32
48
38
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22

1

2

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4

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27
25
17

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3

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48
31
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17

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57
57
36

15
52
47
47
5

6

38
33
33
5

27
71
53
53
18

16
24

9

23
43
36
36
7

12

2

9

2

8

333
317

284
262

305
284

261
255

576 387
567 386

322
322

203
203

169
169

115
115

86

80
80

47
47

10

22
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203

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22

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12

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9

8

9

8

2

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3

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1

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2

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29

30

15

43

24

20

14

16

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3

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1

3

4

1

8

2

4

5

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2

5
11

11

_

_

T a b l e 11. O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :

G e o r g i a —C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d boys* s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um - A v e rber
age
h o u r ly
of
w o rk - e a rn in g s1
er s

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
J T Z O $77F5' $ 1 .7 0 $1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 ' $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 I H 9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $3740 T3.6~0 $3.8 0 $ 4 .0 0

$ 1 .6 0

and
~
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0

over

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s ----C o n tin u e d
T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n —
C o n tin u e d
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s ( 6 , 207 w o m e n ,
3 m e n ) 2—C o n tin u e d
H e m le g b o tto m s ( a l l
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) --------------J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) --------J o in s e a t s e a m s ( a l l i n c e n tiv e w o r k e r s ) ----------------------M a k e lo o p s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -------------------------------M a k e p o c k e ts ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -------------------------------P i e c i n g f ly s ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------P i e c i n g p o c k e t s i j b / ---------------S e r g in g ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------Sew on b u tto n s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------Sew on w a i s tb a n d l i n i n g ^ / —
S t itc h p o c k e ts ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -----------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u l l e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) 2 _ b /-----------U n d e r p r e s s e r s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------

161

1. 87

-

56

13

5

5

10

4

13

7

12

10

14

2

5

-

-

5

"

-

-

"

~

"

531

1. 86

-

195

35

25

30

40

22

22

20

35

39

20

14

15

1

4

6

6

2

"

"

-

"

"

1.

89

-

92

7

7

25

17

10

6

20

22

9

5

8

3

7

3

7

1

2

-

2

-

-

1. 87

-

28

6

5

4

2

-

2

-

5

4

4

4

2

-

3

-

1

-

“

-

11

14

4

16

9

19

12

8

4

7

3

2

2

7

“

-

"

2

-

“

6
12

3

2

8

11

3
15

3
5

7
7

-

1
10

4

2

-

2

"

2

2

7
2

-

-

21

13

9

5

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

4
4

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

10

5

12

4

2

-

“

"

"

1

1

-

-

-

1

1

“

“

253
70
244

1. 86

-

111

8

5

136
260

1. 88

59

6

13

1. 91

-

100

13

6

13

10

5

16

23

5
13

389

1. 91

-

136

13

6

13

16

18

35

18

28

31

74
82

1. 91
1. 97

-

22

3

2

8

3

6

8

8

2

1

2

2

4
4

4

20

3
5

2

18

331

1. 92

303

1. 90

-

95

13

15

15

17

14

21

18

32

22

7

13

5

4

2

4

1

3

-

319
257
62

1. 87
1. 85
1. 95

-

84
71
13

25

37
28
9

12

17
17
“

26
25

16

22
11

10

7

8

-

5

2
_

3
3

1

3
3
”

7

4
4

-

2

6

4
4

3

34
32
2

118

2. 97

81

1. 90

8
4

1

10

2

2
2

"

9
9
3

7

Q
7

"

22

3
5

19

7
5

11

11

5
5

1

21

~

"

'
“
-

_

"
"
-

"

1
2

6

-

1

'

'

10

6

_

“

'

M is c e ll a n e o u s

A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e
re p a irm e n ) (a ll m en ) (a ll tim e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------------------A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le r,
a s s o r t e r ) -----------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------T im e ---------------------------------I n c e n tiv e ---------------------------M e n a / ------------------------------------G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s (m a tc h -u p
g irls , m e n d e rs ) (a ll w om en) —
t i m e ---------------------------------- —
I n c e n tiv e --------------------------------S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




34

1. 85
1 7Q
1. Q0

5
"
"

10

1. 87
l’

“
2

1.90

109
Qt
71

9
2

10

-

23

6

5
2

21

5

-

5

9

1

6
3

2
2

1

6
12

7

fa

3

l

\

2

3

"

2

7

2
7

5

16
14

fa

14
7

1

2
3

19
13

2

-

18

2

1

1

1

3

18

3

8

17

-

1
1

■

"

_

3

7

11

7

3

7

“

“

"

-

T a t t l e 11.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a rn in g s :

G e o r g i a —C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

J a n u a ry 1971)

N um ­ A v e r­
N u m b e]r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
ber
age
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 "$3“ 10 $ 3 .2 6 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $3.8 0 $ 4 .0 0
of
h o u r ly
U nder and
and
w o rk - e a rn $ 1 .6 0 u n d e r
in g s
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $3.4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $4.0 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
M i s c e ll a n e o u s — o n tin u e d
C
J a n i t o r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------W o m e n -----------------------------------M en ------------------------------------------P a c k e r s --------------------------------------W o m e n 3a / -------------------------------M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------S h ip p in g c l e r k s (2 w o m e n ,
10 m e n ) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s ( a l l
t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s (2
w o m e n , 23 m e n ) ( a l l t i m e w o rk e rs) —
W a tc h m e n ( a l l m e n ) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) '—
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s ( b u n d le
W o m e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----M e n ^ _ a /------------------------------------

108
30
78
154
74
80

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

76
70
79
90
97
84

-

30
14
16
19
9
10

10
4
6
1
-

1

7

6

-

-

7
24
5
19

6
10
1
9

20
7
13
10
2
8

14
4
10
8
1
7

6

6

-

-

6
6
2
4

6
48
43
5

6
1
5
11
4
7

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
2
-

10
1
10

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

12

2. 34

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

3

2

3

1

-

-

93
59
34

1. 78
1. 75
1. 83

_

25
22

5
4
3

12
2
1

6

4
3
8

13
12
1

1

8
4
1

_

10

14
6
1

4

5
1
"

4

-

"

“

4

_

_

_

3

6

1

-

"

5

-

1

-

25

1. 93

-

3

1

1

-

4

-

4

-

6

2

25

1. 84

-

3

4

-

-

3

2

6

2

2

3

224
43
181

1. 84
1. 84
1. 84

_

31
6
25

33
5
28

24
5
19

26
3
23

12
4
8

20
6
14

3
1
2

7
2
5

19
19

39
9
30

6
2
4

_

-

43
89

2. 10
2. 18

1
“

4
“

4
7

"

4

4

3

1

6
17

2
9

14
8

11
14

-

1

3

1

1
9

3

_

3

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n ) -----C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m e n )-------

“

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
I n c lu d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b lic a tio n of s e p a r a te a v e r a g e s by m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .




_

T a b l e 12.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a rn in g s :

M is s is s ip p i

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s '

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s _________
W o m e n _________________ _____
M e n ___________________________

s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s ta b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)

N u m b e r < f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
o
A v e rage
$ 1 .60 $1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $ 1 .80 $1 .8 5 $1.90 $ 1 .95 $ 2 .00 $2.10 $ 2 .2 0 $2 .3 0 $ 2 .40 $ 2 .5 0 $2 .6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3. 40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00
h o u r ly
U nder and
and
e a rn ­
$1.60 u n d e r
in g s 1
$ 1 .65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $ 1 .8 5 $1.90 $ 1 .95 $2 .0 0 $ 2 .10 $2 .2 0 $ 2 .30 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .50 $2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $ 3 .2 0 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 o v e r

9, 158
7 ,6 1 8
1, 540

$ 1 . 94
1 .8 9
2. 14

32
32
-

2 ,5 3 5
2, 287
248

590
451
139

676
602
74

388
316
72

342
293
49

481
398
83

476
418
58

442
411
31

543
458
85

802
712
90

659
563
96

355
262
93

204
131
73

138
79
59

134
71
63

88
45
43

67
30
37

36
17
19

30
12
18

49
13
36

44
12
32

27
3
24

9
2
7

6
6

5
5

79
49
30

2. 53
2. 36
2. 80

_
-

_

_

_

-

_

2
2

2
2

1
1

4
4

3
3

13
12
1

10
7
3

7
2
5

7
4
3

2
_
2

11
6
5

8
6
2

1

3

1

-

1

2

1

_

1

_

1

2

1

.

2.
2.
2.
2.

38
28
15
59

_
_
-

_
1
_
1

_
5
5
-

_
10
10
-

4
4
-

4
6
_
6

_
3
2
1

2
6
1
5

_
4
3
1

1
1
_
1

5
11
11
-

_
1
_
1

6
1
1
-

_
1
_
1

_
2
_
2

1
1

.
_
-

-

250
93
157

1. 90
1. 72
2. 01

_
_
_

57
24
33

46
43
3

17
12
5

441
121
320

2. 48
2. 29
2. 54

_
-

20
11
9

4
4

5 ,8 8 8
5 ,8 5 5
626
5, 229
33

1. 87
1 .8 7
1 .6 2
1 .9 0
1 .8 5

-

1 ,9 8 7
1 ,9 7 4
560
1 ,4 1 4
13

303
301
301
2

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo t h , m a c h i n e
( a l l m e n ) ________________________
T i m e ...... .......................................
I n c e n t iv e _________________
M a r k e r s (2 w o m e n ,
38 m e n ) 2b / _____________________
S p r e a d e r (1 w o m a n , 75 m e n ) ___
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t iv e ___________________

40
76
53
23

1

3

2
8
8
-

_
1
1
-

1
_
_
-

1
2
2
-

9
'5
4
1

4
_
_
-

5
2
_
2

6
.
6

6
_
6

6
_
6

17
17

8
8

6
_
6

37
14
23

10

18

7

6

_

2

1

10

18

7

6

.

2

1

-

-

_

-

_

-

.

4
2
2

9
1
8

9
2
7

6
2
4

14
5
9

12
6
6

33
8
25

33
9
24

36
7
29

35
18
17

30
10
20

35
11
24

45
18
27

20
4
16

7
2
5

10
10

15
2
13

18
2
16

24
1
23

11
11

4
4

2
2

5
5

484
478
12
466
6

257
257
18
239
-

236
236
236
-

335
334
10
324
1

316
315
26
289
1

333
332

340
338

467
465

421
419

152
151

80
79

49
49

42
42

33
32

16
16

10
10

9
9

7
7

9
9

1
1

1
1

-

.
_

332
1

338
2

46?
2

419
2

15 h
1

79
1

4?
-

42
-

32
1

16
_

10
-

9
-

7
-

9
-

1
-

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
1
1
-

T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l ( a l l w o m e n )
T i m e _____________ _________
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
P r e s s e r s , fin is h , m a c h in e
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) _________
W o m e n ________________________
M e n 2b / ----------------------------------S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s 3 ___________________ _
W o m e n --------- ------ ------------------- T i m e ___ __________________
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
M e n ......... ..............................................
A tta c h c ro tc h p ie c e s
( a l l w o m e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) _____________________
A t ta c h p o c k e ts (5 5 3 w o m e n ,
1 m a n ) ______________________
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t iv e ---------------------- -----A t ta c h b e lt lo o p s
w n m p n 1 m an ^
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------A t t a c h fly ( a ll w o m e n ) _______
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------A t ta c h w a i s tb a n d
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------A t ta c h z ip p e r ( a l l w o m e n ) ___
T i m e -------------- ------------------I n c e n t i v e ---------------------------B a r ta c k i n g ----------------------------W o m e n ____________________
T i m e ----------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------M e n 2b / ----------------------------B u tto n h o le m a k e r
(83 w o m e n , 1 m a n ) ..................
T im e ---------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




72

1. 83

-

21

4

3

5

11

8

2

3

4

6

2

2

1

554
26
528

1. 88
1. 60
1. 89

_
_

189''
26
163

27

44

17

27

33

31

32

33

37

40

19

6

2

2

3

1

5

2

2

2

-

_

27

* 44

17

27

33

31

32

33

37

40

19

6

2

2

3

1

5

2

2

2

_

-

.

_

267
15
252
277
11
266

1. 87
1. 60
1. 89
1. 86
1. 60
1 .8 7

19

27

8

8

14

20

24

28

18

18

3

2

2

_
_
_
_

72
15
57
101
11
90

19
12

27
14

8
19

8
14

14
10

20
17

24
12

28
24

18
19

18
15

3
9

287
15
272
93
6
87
41 3
4 07
20
387
6

1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

_
_
_
-

101
15
86
15
6
9
164
158
20
138
6

84
19
65

83
60
85
04
60
08
83
84
60
85
60

1. 87
1. 60
1. 95

_
-

30
19
11

4

_

_
5

4
2

_
3

2
-

2
-

1

-

-

_
_

.
.

-

-

-

3

_

_

1

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

12

14

19

14

10

17

12

24

19

15

9

5

2

19

23

14

15

14

16

15

14

28

21

2

4

1

19
6

23
4

14
3

15
2

14
8

16
7

15
6

14
8

28
-

21
11

2
8

4
4

1
2

2

3

1

_

2

1

_

_

-

-

-

6
21
21

4
32
32

3
15
15

2
20
20

8
21
21

7
17
17

6
22
22

8
27
27

29
29

11
31
31

8
6
6

4
2
2

2
2
2

2
3
3

3
_

1
-

_
-

2
1
1

1
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

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-

.

21

32

15

20

21

17

22

27

29

31

6

2

2

3

4

2

4

3

9

5

6

1

7

10

1

_

-

_

_

1

1

_

_

.

_

_

.

_

4

2

4

3

9

5

6

1

7

10

1

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-

-

1

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-

-

-

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T a b l e 12.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a rn in g s :

M i s s i s s i p p i —C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)
N um O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A v e r-

of
w o rk cl a

h o u r ly
e a rn -

N u m b e r iof w o r k e r s x c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of•e
$1.60 $1.65 $1.70 $ 1 .75 $1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $1.90 $ 1 .95 $ 2 .00 $2.10 $2.20 $ 2 .30 $2 .4 0 $2.50 $ 2 .6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 "$3.00 W o
W o 1-$T40~ $3.60 $3.80 $4.00
$1.60 u n d e r
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $ 1 .80 $ 1 .8 5 $1 .9 0 $ 1 .95 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $2.20 $2.30 $ 2 .4 0 $2.50 $2.60 $2 .7 0 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00

and
over

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n —
C o n tin u e d
H e m le g b o t to m s
( a l l w o m e n ) _________________
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t i v e ___________________
J o in in s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s
( a l l w o m e n ) _________________
T i m e ......... .................... ...............
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
J o in s e a t s e a m s ( a l l w o m e n ) ..
T i m e .............................................
I n c e n t i v e ___________________
M a k e lo o p s ( a l l w o m e n ) 2b / . .
M a k e p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n ]-___
T i m e ______ ___________ ____
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
P i e c i n g f ly s (9 4 w o m e n ,
1 m a n ) ______________________
I n c e n t i v e __________________
P i e c i n g p o c k e ts (2 0 7 w o m e n ,
1 m a n ) ................ ...... ........ .............
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
S e r g in g (312 w o m e n , 4 m e n ) . .
I n c e n t i v e __________________
S ew on b u tto n s ( a l l w o m e n ) .._
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
S e w on w a i s tb a n d lin in g
( a l l w o m e n ) _________________
T i m e ____________ ____ ______
I n c e n t iv e
_ .......................
S t it c h p o c k e ts
(272 w o m e n , 2 m e n ) _______
I n c e n t i v e ___________________
T r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u l l e r s __________________________
W o m e n ________________________
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t i v e ___________________
U n d e r p r e s s e r s ________ __________
W o m e n ------------------------------------M e n -----------------------------------------T i m e ---------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------

181
12
169

$ 1. 90
1. 60
1. 92

.
-

63
12
51

476
35
441
220
11
209
67
185
12
173

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

.
.
.
.
.
-

175
35
140
91
11
80
13
34
12
22

84
60
86
79
60
80
89
90
60
92

9
9

8
8

6

2

6

2

10
10

11
11

16
16

9
9

7
7

22

7

22

7

7
7

1
_

1

1

1

2

_

2

_

_

_

2

_

_

2

25

46

29

19

19

20

26

30

39

22

7

5

2

9

1

25
9

46
25

29
13

19
13

19
11

20
8

26
8

30
14

39
15

22
10

7
1

5
2

2

9

1

9
6
14

25
10
28

13
8
8

13
2
7

11
3
11

8
6
14

8
1
12

14
4
6

15
1
23

10
5
17

1
1
4

2
4
4

2
2

1
_

1

14

28

8

7

11

14

12

6

23

17

4

4

2

_

1

_

_

_

7
7

2
2

2
2

_
_

_

1
1

1
1

_

5
5
4
4
1

3
3
1
1
1

2
2
4
4
1

4
4
3
3

_
_

_

1
1

_

I

”

1

1

_

_

_

_

3
3

2
2

2
2

1
1

3
2

2
_

2

1
_

_
_

_

2
2

1
_

_

_

_

_
_

5
5

7
6

7
7

_

1
1

2
2

-

-

1. 89
1. 92

_

32
24

2
2

8
8

8
8

6
6

1
1

6
6

5
5

6
6

7
7

_
_

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

95
97
88
89
87
60
94

_
.
-

49
33
85
71
34
18
16

11
11
23
23
4

15
15
35
35
3

9
9
14
14
2

6
6
16
16
2

11
11
18
18
5

15
15
23
23
1

11
11
15
15
6

12
12
17
17
3

25
25
25
25
6

23
23
24
24
7

5
5
7
6
5

4

3

2

2

5

1

6

3

6

7

5

1

1

120
11
109

1. 91
1. 60
1. 94

.
_

34
11
23

5

7

4

3

4

10

11

5

16

13

3

_

4

1

5

7

4

3

4

10

11

5

16

13

3

4

1

274
260

1. 84
1. 85

_
_

78
64

14
14

40
40

11
11

17
17

24
24

12
12

21
21

16
16

20
20

15
15

4
4

I

1
1

1
1

181
164
18
146
190
65
125
19
106

1. 97
2. 00
1. 60
2. 05
1. 93
2. 07
1 .8 6
1. 60
1 .9 0

-

9
9

3
3

3
3

2
2

7
7

8
8

13
13

9
9

21
21

22
22

5
5

2
2

5
5

2
2

9
17
7
10
1
9

3
14
2
12

3
3
3

2
8
1
7

7
12
3
9

8
13
6
7

13
11
10
1

9
12
3
9

21
22
16
6

22
15
10
5

5
3
3

2
7
1
6

5
1
1
_

2
2

_

-

61
44
18
26
45
2
43
18
25

12

3

7

9

7

1

9

6

5

3

6

104
91

2. 64
2. 64

-

-

-

-

.

2
2

_

.

2
1

3
3

3
2

7
6

11
11

19
18

20
7

2. 30
2. 70

.

1

1

3
1

_
_

_
_

_

5
1

4

_

1
1

_

.

_

1

.

67
40
67
19
48

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

_
_
_

10
8
32
11
21

4
1
4
3
1

32
12
1

5
3
7
3
4

_

_

1
1

2

14
14
3

2

3

-

-

_

95
87
208
192
316
301
81
18
63

_

_

_

_

2
2

2

9
8

7
4

7
5

4
2

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

_

1
1
1
1

_

_

1
1
1
1

_

9
9

_

2

_

1
1

_

M i s c e ll a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e
r e p a i r m e n ) (2 w o m e n ,
102 m e n ) __________________ _____
T i m e ______________________
A s s e m b le rs (g arm en t
b u n d l e r , a s s o r t e r ) ____________
M e n z b / ______________________
G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s (m a tc h up
g i r l s , m e n d e r s ) (a ll w om en) ...
T i m e ____________ __________
J a n i t o r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ____
W o m e n . ..
_____ __________
M e n _____ ______________________

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




80
85
73
66
76

_

_

1

_

_
3
1
2

1
1
11
_

11

_

_
4
1
3

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

2
2

-

T a b le

1 2 .

O

c c u p a ti o n a l

e a r n in g s :

M

is s is s ip p i— C o n tin u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n : t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N um ­ A v e rber
age
T i 760 $1.65 $1.70 $1775 $ 1 .80 $1.85 $ 1 .90 $1 .9 5 $2.00 $ 2 .10 $ 2 .20 $2.30 $2.40 $ 2 .50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $ 3 .0 0 ' $3.10 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 '$3 ."80 $4.00
h o u r ly U n d e r
of
and
w o r k - e a r n - $ 1 .6 0
under
m gs
er s
$1.65 $1.70 $1.75 $1.80 $ 1 .85 $1.90 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .00 $ 2 .10 $2 .2 0 $ 2 .30 $2.40 $2.50 $2 .6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
M i s c e ll a n e o u s — C o n tin u e d
P a c k e r s ----- .---------------------------------W o m e n ---- -------------------------------M e n -------- --------------------------------T i m e -----------------------------------I n c e n t iv e ----------------------------S h ip p in g c l e r k s ( a ll m e n )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s
(a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------M e n -----------------------------------------S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s
(2 w o m e n , 31 m e n ) 2a /-------------W a tc h m e n ( a ll m e n ) ( a ll t i m e w o rk e r s ) ------------------------------------W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le
b o y s ) ------------------------------------------W o m e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----M e n -----------------------------------------T i m e r ---------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------

56
10
46
34
12

$ 1. 95
2. 04
1 .9 3
1. 79
2. 35

-

12
12
11
1

6
3
3
3
-

3
3
3
-

7
7
7
-

_
-

4
_
4
4
-

1
_
1
1

2
_
2
1
1

12

2. 17

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

1

2

54
29

1. 97
2. 11

_

8
2

7
1

2
1

6
4

7
3

1
-

33

1 .9 2

-

8

4

5

*

-

-

2
_
2
2
-

10
3
7
3
4

1

-

3
3
-

-

2

-

-

_

1
1

15
10

_

-

3
3

_

-

1
1

-

2

-

1

2

4

6

1

3

1

_

1
1
-

62

1. 75

-

16

15

-

7

-

18

-

1

1 .9 5
2. 02
1 .9 3
1 .9 5
1. 78

_

16

5

13
2
11
8

5
1
4
2
2

1
1
-

11
3
8
7
1

20
9
11
11

3

5
1
4
4
-

21
5
16
16

-

8
2
6
6
"

1

16
16
-

6
1
5

“

17
3
14
10
4

60
43

2. 25
2. 11

“

"

“

1
"

4
2

3

2
2

4
9

3
5

2
2

3
1

23
7

1

2

1

2

_

1

1

2

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

1

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

1

2

1

_

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_

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_

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_

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1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

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-

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-

-

1 “

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

.

_

.

_

_

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-

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-

5

132
27
105
95
10

1

-

-

-

3

3

1
1

1
1

4
4

-

-

1
2

5

2
1

2
1

1

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a ll w o m e n ) -----C l e r k s , p a y r o l l (a ll w o m e n ) ------

5

7

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n of s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ,
I n c lu d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .




o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .

T a b le 13.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a rn in g s :

M is s o u r i

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 1 )

N um -

A v er-

of

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

h o u r ly
m gs

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ------------------- 2 , 141
1 ,8 6 1
W o m e n ________________________
28 0
M e n ____________________________

$ 2 . 00
1. 95
2. 34

N u m b e r■ o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s <
of—
$ 1 .60 $ 1 .65 $1 .7 0 $1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 I$3". 10 $3720 ‘$3730’ "$T.40 ■$3750' $3.60 $ 3 .7 0
and
under
$1.65 $ 1 .7 0 $1.75 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $3.5 0 $3.60 $3.7 0 o v e r
474
448
26

16
14
2

135
126
9

240
232
8

51
44
7

53
49
4

140
134
6

117
104
13

336
271
65

57
48
9

48
41
7

53
47
6

72
64
8

2

2

237
190
47

27
15
12

13
9
4

12
8
4

9
6
3

7
2
5

13
4
9

3

1

3

2

_

1

.

1

1

_

_

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4
3
1

1

9

1

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2
2
2

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_

.

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
1

_

_
2

3

3
2
1

11
11

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo t h , m a c h i n e ( a ll
m e n ) ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------M a r k e r s ( a ll m e n ) ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) __________________________
(a ll t im p w n r lr f lr s )

..

13

2. 65

13
19
11

2. 69
2. 23
2. 28

37
16
21
82
41
31
41
21
20

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.

_
_

_

.
.

.
_

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2

_
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T r o u s e r fa b r ic a tio n
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l ( a ll w o m e n ) -----T im e ------------------------------------T n r p rtiv p ...
P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e ______
W o m e n _________________________
I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------T i m e ________________________
I n c e n tiv e ____________________
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s ( a ll w o m e n ) -----------------T im e _______________________
I n c e n tiv e -----------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u l l e r s (all w o m p n )
T n rp n tiv p
U n d e r p r e s s e r s ____________________
W o m e n -------------------------------------T i m e ___________________ -____
T nrpnH vp
T im p
I n c e n t iv e ------------------------------S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




1 ,4 7 5
465
1, 010
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T a b le 13.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

M i s s o u r i —C o n t in u e d

of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N um - A v e rage
$ 1 . 6 0 $ 1 .65 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .75 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .85 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $3.6 0 $3.7 0
of
h o u r ly
a nd
w o rk under
in g s 12
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $1.75 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .85 $ 1 .9 0 $1 .9 5 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s ----C o n tin u e d
M i s c e ll a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( a ll m e n ) ( a ll
Aci Qf*m H1f*V fi
W om en
_
T im e
..... .
M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) _________
ri 3 r fn e n t n e p a i r e r s
W o m e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------J a n i t o r s -----------------------------------------M ^ n (all t i m e w o r k e r s )
_ _
P a c k e r s -----------------------------------------W o m e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------S h ip p in g c l e r k s ( a ll m e n )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s )
. ..
S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s ------ -------M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s ----------M e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ----------W o f k H i o t r i b n t o r s ........ ..
. . _.
W o m e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------M e n (all t i m e w o r k e r s )

18
46
38
36
8

18
17
25
24
26
21
6

14
10
10

7
45
17
28

$ 3 .2 7
2. 23
2. 24
2 . 26
2. 17
2 . 12
2 . 09
1. 95
1 . 97
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2 .
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S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a ll w o m e n ) -------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a ll w o m e n ) —------

1
2

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2. 30

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E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 4 a t $ 3 . 7 0 to $ 3 . 8 0 ; 1 a t $ 3 . 80 to $ 3 . 9 0 ; 1 a t $ 4 . 10 to $ 4 . 2 0 ; a n d 2 a t $ 4 . 5 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 .




T a b le 14.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

N o rth C a ro lin a

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in m en* s and b oys* s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)
N um O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s __________
W o m e n ________________________
M e n ___________________________

A v er-

of
w o rk er s

h o u r ly
e a rn -

2, 846
2 , 449
397

$ 1. 84 1,536
1 .7 9 1,503
2. 14
33

61
55
6

75
60
15

74
56
18

104
68
36

88
63
25

99
82
17

74
52
22

168
131
37

162
114
48

110
73
37

54
46
8

47
31
16

49
31
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2

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2

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13
12
3

2
2

3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
$ 1 .6 0 $1 .6 5 $1770 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $2 .7 0 "$2787 "$2790 "$3700 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $3 ."30 ■ $337 ■$7777 $ 7 3 7
and
under
$ 1 .65 $ 1 .7 0 $1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 .9 5 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $3.6 0 $ 3 .7 0 o v e r
44
26
18

16
12
4

5

2
2

16
10
6

13
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6

22
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2
2
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2
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2
6

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c t i o n o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo t h , m a c h in e
(a ll m e n ) __________ _____________
S p r e a d e r s ( a ll m e n ) 1 a , ___________
2

30
23
21

2. 42
2. 36
2. 49

-

-

154
136
61

2. 07
2. 13
1. 87

46
28
32

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7
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29
29
1

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1

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6
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79 1,257
74
66
66
86
78
120
78
79
11
6
05
6
72
28
54
81
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6
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40
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6

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2

T r o u s e r f a b ric a tio n
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e ______
I n c e n tiv e ____________________
W o m e n 2b / ------------------------ ---------S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s ( a ll w o m e n ) ( a ll
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) 3______________
A t t a c h w a i s tb a n d s _____________
H e m le g b o t to m s ______________
J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s ___
J o i n s e a t s e a r n s ________________
M a k e lo o p s _____________________
M a k e p o c k e ts __________________
P i e c i n g p o c k e ts _______________
S e r g i n g -------------------------------------Sew o n b u tto n s ________________
S ew on w a i s tb a n d l i n i n g _______
S titc h p o c k e t s ---------------------------T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u l l e r s ( a ll w o m e n ) ( a ll
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ______________

1 ,9 8 7
95
97
187
115
15
42
44
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18
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M is c e ll a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e
r e p a i r m e n ) ( a l l m e n ) ( a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s ) _________________ ___
A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le r,
a s s o r t e r ) ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) - __
M e n -------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s ( a ll m e n ) ( a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______ _____________
P a c k e r s ( a ll m e n ) ( a ll
t i m e w o r k e r s ) ________ ____________
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le b o y s )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) -----------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------

2

_

2
2

3
1
3

3

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n ) _____
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m e n ) --------

_

3

1

4
4

1
4

2

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
2 I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p r e s e n t a t i o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s , o r (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .
3 I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




3

2

T a b le 15.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

P e n n s y lv a n ia

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in m en ' s and b o y s ' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , Jan u a ry 1971)
N um ber
of
w o rk ­
er s

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
A v erage
$ 1 .6 0 f r u s $ r . 7 o !$ 1. 75 $ i ; 80 $ 1 . 8 5 $ 1. 90 H T 9 5 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 £ 2 7 4 0 $ 2 . 50 $ 2. 7 6 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 7 4 0 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 7 8 0 $ 4 . 00 $4 7 2 0 $ 4 . 40'
h o u r ly
and
and
e a rn ­
under
in g s1
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1. 70 $ 1. 75 $ 1. 80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1. 95 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 80 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 . 40 o v e r

4 , 942
4 , 091
851

$ 2 . 53
2. 42
3. 04

55
52

3. 33
3. 34

15
9
19
15
34
32

3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

63
64
05
98
64
65

153
I n s p e c t o r s , f i n a l ---------------------------146
W o m e n -------------------------------------123
T im e ______________________ 23
I n c e n t iv e -------------------------------7
M e n 2 ----------------------------------------229
P r e s s e r s , f i n i s h , m a c h i n e ---------23
W o m e n ( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------206
M e n -------------------------------------------17
T i m e ------------------------------------189
I n c e n tiv e ------------------------------S e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s 1-------------------------------------- 3, 078
W o m e n ---------------------------------------- 3, 054
268
T im e ------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -------------------------------- 2 , 786
24
M e n ( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----A tta c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ( a ll i n c e n ­
37
tiv e w o r k e r s ) (a ll w o m e n ) ----225
A t ta c h p o c k e ts ( a ll w o m e n ) 2 —
71
A tta c h b e l t l o o p s ----------------------W o m e n ( a l l in c e n t iv e
70
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------116
A tta c h f ly ( a ll w o m e n ) 2 ----------A tta c h w a i s tb a n d ( a ll
171
w o m e n ) 2---------------------------------A tta c h z ip p e r ( a ll w o m e n )
67
( a ll i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) --------154
B a r ta c k i n g ( a ll w o m e n ) ---------33
B u tto n h o le m a k e r -------------------31
W o m e n 2 -------------------------------H e m le g b o tto m s ( a ll w o m e n )
37
( a ll in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ---------J o in i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s
193
( a ll w o m e n ) 2 --------------------------102
J o i n s e a t s e a m s ( a l l w o m e n ) ----96
I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------—
33
M a k e lo o p s ( a ll w o m e n ) ----------13
T im e -----------------------------------20
I n c e n t iv e --------------------------------

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
3.
3.
3.

36
34
28
63
70
57
84
65
93
62

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

44
44
25
46
67

239
235
9
226
4

2. 53
2. 42
2. 29

5
15
10

3
4

2. 28
2. 36

10
13

2. 32

15

2 .6 6
2. 40
2. 50
2. 44

3
5
_

4

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

2. 14

3

1

1

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

5
2
2
2
2

3
3
3

4
_
_
_
_

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s
W o m e n ------------------M e n --------------------------

64
55
9

112
100
12

86
81
5

97
85
12

128
110
18

84
72
12

308
277
31

313
283
30

378
329
49

165
131
34

321
231
90

196
124
72

120
84
36

107
60
47

66
35
31

62
18
44

59
16
43

74
14
60

-

14
13

• 25
24

1
1

1
1

3
3

1
1

3
3

2
2

4
4

3
2

-

1
1

-

-

3
1
2
2

328
296
32

289
262
27

259
228
31

267
234
33

220
192
28

-

-

2
2

-

•

1

62
58
4

421
373
48

2
2

356
343
13

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

2
2
3
2

1
1

r 1

_
_

5
3
3
3

_

2
2

2
2

-

2

2

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo t h , m a c h i n e ( a ll
m e n ) --------------------------------------------T im e -------------------------------------C u t t e r s a n d m a r k e r s , c lo th
T im e -------------------------------------M a r k e r s ( a ll m e n ) -----------------------T im e -------------------------------------S p r e a d e r s ( a ll m e n ) --------------------T im e --------------------------------------

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

2
2

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

8
8

4
4

2
1

14
14
9
5

26
26
26

6
6
6

_

_

28
28
25
3

37
37
34
3

1

6

_

9

7
5
2

2
2

_

_
_
_

1

_

"

_

10
10

_

-

1
1

2
2
2

1
1
-

-

-

"

"

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

22

“

-

_
-

2
1

-

-

T r o u s e r f a b r ic a tio n

S e e fo o tn o te s at e n d or ta b le .




48
41
43
38
23
47

1
1
1
_

1
_
_

1

_
_

_
_

1

_

.
_

-

3
3
3

_
_

4
4
4

1

_

_

1
1

_
_

_
_

2
2

_
_

9

_

-

-

3

1
2
1
1

1
6
1
5

_

9
_

9

6
5
1
4
1
5
3
2

6

-

9

2

1

5

9

2

195
194
29
165
1

193
193
20
173
-

242
242
44
198
-

264
264
54
210
-

180
178
17
161
2

191
189
16
173
2

185
184
15
169
1

190
188
2
186
2

159
159
3
156

22
2

16
5

3
15
4

6
8
5

9
6

22
1

4
21
2

2

2
-

2
11

5
10

4
8

5
15

6
5

1
3

-

-

-

-

47
47
6
41
-

47
47
4
43
-

81
81
6
75
-

67
67
6
61
-

71
71
9
62
-

91
91
6
85
-

4
1

10
4

1
3
3

6
2

3
10
-

4
2

4
1

1
1

4
-

3
6

2
1

3

2

5

-

46
46
7
39
-

.

1

1
10
5
5
5

-

-

-

33
4
29
4
25

13
1
12

17

1
1
1
-

1

_

_

_

17

13

_

-

_

12

17

15

13

26
10
16

3 30

_

22
3
19

193
191
5
186
2

97
93
4
89
4

71
71
1
70

45
44
2
42
1

31
31
1
30

18
18

10
10

14
14

_

_

_

18

10

14

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1
1

_

_

_

-

111
106
2
104
5‘

15
4

6
6
3

2
10
5

2
10
3

3
2
4

2
6

4
13

3
12

4
2

3
3

4
-

-

3

-

1

.

_

3
_

_

1

2

2

4

-

-

_

_

7

5

14

13

15

12

11

10

12

10

10

4

8

1

4

1

-

-

1
2

1
18
1
1

4
16
4
4

5
22
1
1

3
8
2
2

1
8
2
2

2
10
2
2

1
2
3
3

1
6
1
1

16
9
2
1

1
5
2
2

3
2
-

2
_
-

-

1
_
1
-

4
2
-

-

6
1
1

8
7
7
7

3
5
-

-

4
8
2
■2

-

6

-

3

1

2

4

5

2

1

-

-

-

3

2

1

1

1

-

-

-

2
3

4
2
2

10

_
_

18
9
9
1

8
7
7
4

6
12
12

_

_

11
8
8
1

21
1
1
1

3
2
2

_

_
_
_

4
2
2

_

3

-

-

1

14
7
7
6
3
3

2
2
2

2

16
13
13
4
3
1

28
4
4

_

16
13
10
3

2

_
_

3
1
1
1

5
7
4

_

8
_
_
3
_

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

3

2

3

3

3

2
1

3

_

_

_
_

-

1

4

-

-

30

-

6

_

30

_

3

4

10
26

17
2
15

_

2
3
1
1

1

-

6

3
3

_
_

1

2

-

_
_

1

_

1

15
14
14

_

-

-

_

_
1
-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

_
_
_

1
1
2

_
_
_

-

2

-

-

>

_
_

-

T a b le 15.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :

P e n n s y lv a n ia — C o n tin u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n ' s a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)
N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

A v er­
N ur n b e r c>f w o r] k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t-1 tim e hlo u rly e a r n i n g s ofage
h o u r ly $ 1.6 C
and
e a rn ­
and
unde i
in g s 1 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1. 70 $ 1 . 75 $ 1 . 80 $ 1. 85 $ 1. 90 $ 1 . 95
$ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 80 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 . 40 o v e r

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
T r o u s e r fa b r ic a tio n —
C o n tin u e d
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s 4— C o n tin u e d
M a k e p o c k e ts _________________
W o m e n „____________________
T i m e ___________________
I n c e n t iv e _______________
P i e c i n g f ly s ( a l l w o m e n ) 2____
P i e c i n g p o c k e ts ( a l l
w o m e n ) _____________________
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
S e r g in g ---------------- -------------------W o m e n ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) _________________
S ew on b u t t o n s _______________
W o m e n _____________________
I n c e n t iv e _______________
S ew on w a i s tb a n d lin in g
( a l l w o m e n ) 2________________
S t it c h p o c k e ts _________________
W o m e n ___________________
I n c e n t iv e _______________
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u lle r s (a ll w om en)
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) _______
U n d e r p r e s s e r s _________________
W o m e n ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) _____________________
M e n ___________________________
T i m e ______________________
I n c e n t iv e ___________________

67
67
05
69
55

15
15
_
15
4

_
_
-

4
4
_
4
1

5
5
_
5
-

5
5
3
2
-

4
4
_
4
-

_
_
.
2

_
.
2

6
6
_
6
6

15
15
3
12
5

18
18
_
18
-

8
88
_
8
9

7
7
_
7
5

15
15
_
15
2

13
13
1
12
3

12
12

26
26

6
5

34
34

14
14

9
9

2
2

6
6

7
7

_

.
_

12
2

26
3

5
2

34
4

14
5

9
7

2
-

6
-

7
-

_
-

_
-

101
94
168

2. 38
2 .4 1
2. 35

7
7
17

3
-

5
5
2

_
7

3
3
2

4
4
5

8

-

12
9
13

6
6
4

3
3
12

9
9
22

9
9
10

3
3
16

9
9
7

5
5
10

9
9
14

3
3
9

4
3
7

2
2
3

5
5
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

164
37
36
30

2.
2.
2.
2.

33
41
39
51

17
4
4
1

-

2
-

7
3
3
3

2
1
1
1

5
-

8
3
3
-

-

13
3
3
3

4
3
3
3

12
2
_
2

22
3
3
3

10
1
1
1

16
1
1
1

7
1
1
1

10
1
1
1

14
_
-

6
4
4
4

6
_
-

3
5
4
4

_
_
_
-

_
2
2
2

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

80
127
123
119

2.
2.
2.
2.

70
55
56
58

1
11
9
9

3
3
3

1
1
1

1
_
-

2
2
2

6
6
6

1
1
1

1
3
3
-

3
2
2
2

9
9
9

10
6
6
6

7
7
7
7

11
9
9
8

6
11
11
11

5
3
3
3

4
12
10
10

8
9
9
9

1
5
5
5

12
8
8
8

2
6
6
6

2
6
6
6

2
4
4
4

2
2
2
2

2
_
_
_

.
1
1
1

_
_
.
.

142
213

2 .4 9
2. 80

5
1

3
-

3
3

2
2

5

1
4

6
9

1
4

16
11

8
20

11
11

15
15

9
14

6
4

13
13

9
8

4
7

3
13

7
16

13
12

4
3

3
12

_
4

_
4

_
7

_
11

68
145
21
124

2.
2.
2.
2.

56
90
38
99

_
1
1

"

3
3
-

2
-

3
2
2

_
4
4

3
6
3
3

1
3
3

4
7
5
2

9
11
1
10

1
10
3
7

6
9
9

7
7
7

2
2
2

6
7
7

4
4
4

3
4
4

1
12
2
10

9
7
1
6

4
8
8

_
3
3

3
9
2
7

_
4
1
3

_
4
4

_
7
7

_
11
11

52
51
79
57
21
36
22
13

3. 75
3. 77
2. 44
2. 29
2. 42
2. 22
2 .8 1
2. 89

_
6
6
6
-

.
-

.
2
2
2
-

_
_
4
4
4
_

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

2
2
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
10
8
8
2
2

1
1
3
2
2
1
1

_
_
6
4
3
1
2
-

_
_
7
6
6
1
1

_
_
15
12
7
5
3
-

_
_
5
4
_
4
1
1

_
_
_
_

3
3
1
_
_
1
-

_
_
4
3
3
_
1
1

6
5
5
_

2
2
2
_

6
6
4
2

3
3
1
.

5
5
_
_

9
9
.
_

2
2
.
_

5 12
12
_
_

_
-

1
1
4
4
4
_
_
-

_
5
2

_
2
2

2
2
2

_
1
1

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

42
33
26
21
35
29
25

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

_
1
_

2
2

2
2

_
-

-

3
-

4
2
6
5

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

6
6
6

-

_

3
3
3

-

_

_

_
_

3

-

9
9
1
1
10
10
10

_

-

4
4
5
5
2
1
1

-

-

2
2
1
1
-

4
1
_

_

6
6
_
_
5
4
4

_
_

-

4
4
4
3
_

_
_

-

5
1
2
2
1
1
1

4
4
_

-

_
3
-

3

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

231
230
7
223
62

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

M is c e ll a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( a l l m e n ) ______________
T i m e ____ _____________________
A s s e m b l e r s . . , ____________________
W o m e n ____,____________________
T i m e ________ ______________
I n c e n t iv e _________________
M e n ___________________________
I n c e n t iv e ___________________
G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s (a ll
w o m e n ) __________________________
T i m e ____ ______________________
J a n ito rs
_____ _________________
M en ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) _______
P a c k e r s __T-----------------------------------M e n ___________________________
T im

S ee fo o tn o te s




a t end

of ta b le .

37
38
07
10
51
62
50

-

-

T a b le 15.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s .

P e n n s y lv a n ia — C o n tin u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 's a n d bo y s* s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ­
ber
of
w o rk ­
e rs

A v e rN u m b e r iof w o r k e r s r• e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
age
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 . 6 5 $ 1. 70 $ 1. 75 $7780 $ 1. 85 $ 7 7 9 0 $ 1 . 95 $ 2. 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2. 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3. 20 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 7 6 0 $ 3 7 3 6 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 20 p'4. 40
h o u r ly
and
e a rn ­
and
under
in g s1
$ 1. 65 $ 1. 70 $ 1. 75 $ 1 . 80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1 .9 0 $ 1 . 95 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 80 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 . 40 o v e r

S e l e c t e d p r o d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
M i s c e ll a n e o u s — C o n tin u e d
S h ip p in g c l e r k s _________________
M en (a ll tim e w o r k e r s )
. . ...
S to c k c l e r k s , g a r m e n t s
(1 w o m a n , 5 m e n )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ______________
W a tc h m e n ( a l l m e n )
(a ll tim e w o r k e r s ) _
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s _____ _
W om en (a ll t im e w o r k e r s ) ^ .^
M en ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s )

19
18

$ 2 . 65
2. 68

6

_
_

_

.

_

_

.
_

.

_

_

2. 14

_

_

i

_

.

10
83
18
65

1.
2.
2.
2.

76
26
26
39

4

_
2

_

-

_

2

-

1
1
_
1

1
_
_

-

3
1
_
1

48
17

2. 54
2. 66

_

_

i

_

2

_

1
1

_

_
_

6
4
2

1
_
1

-

3
2

_

_

5
5

_

_

2

_

_

_

1

5
1
4

1
10
_
10

3
_
3

9
6
3

3
_
3

8

2

5

1

1

6

_
19
7
12

8

2

5

1

1

-

4
1

1

-

2
2

_

2

3
1

4
-

4
3

5

1
1

6
2

1
1

4
3

8
1

3
1

1

3

_
6

_

1
1

2
2

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e
o c c u p a tio n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n ) ____
C le rk s , p a y ro ll (a ll w om en)

1
2
3
4
5

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s ,
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta t o w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s by m e th o d o f
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 4 a t $ 4 . 40 to $ 4 . 60; 4 a t $ 4 . 60 to
I n c l u d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 4 a t $ 4 . 40 to $ 4 . 60; 4 a t $ 4 . 60 to




a n d l a t e s h if t s .
w a g e p a y m e n t, p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .
$ 4 . 80; 9 a t $ 4 . 80 to $ 5 ; 7 a t $ 5 to $ 5. 20; 4 a t $ 5. 20 to $ 5. 40; a n d 2 a t $ 6 . 40 to $ 6. 60.
$ 4 . 80;

3 a t $ 5 to $ 5. 20; a n d 1 a t $ 5. 20 to $ 5. 4 0 .

T a b le 16.

O c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s :

Tennessee

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in m en* s and b o y s ’ s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa c tu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)
N um ­ A v e r­
Z f--N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s <>
ber
age
$ 1 . 6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1. 7^ $ 1. 80 $ 1 . 8 5 $ 1. 90 $ 1 . 95 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 2C $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 3 . 00 f T T o $ 3. 40 $ 3.
of
h o u r ly
U nder
w o rk ­ e a rn ­
$ 1 .6 0
e rs
in g s 1
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 . 8 5 $ 1 . 90 $ 1 . 95 $ 2. 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 .
16
A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s ------------ - 5, 467 $ 2 . 0 3
1008
356
221
327
260
235
287
356
560
4 74
326
243
151
122
123
100
104
77
32
46
_
M e n ___________________________
2. 26
81 3
23
22
27
55
23
20
57
84
94
97
62
21
32
22
20
29
13
19
39
29
W o m e n _ ______ _ ___ _ - _ 4 , 6 5 4
16
985
301
212
300
240
1. 99
230
27 2
466
199
377
264
214
130
100
81
84
38
91
17
19
S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n o c c u p a tio n s
O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

60 $ 3 . 80 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 . 40
and
80 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 . 40 o v e r
5
5

9
2
7

5
5

11
11

13
2
11

4
4

C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo t h , m a c h i n e ( a l l
m e n ) ___________________________
T i m e -----------------------------------------I n c e n t iv e -----------------------------------M a rk e r s (a ll m en ) (a ll tim e w o r k e r s ) ---------------------------- ----S p r e a d e r s ( a l l m e n ) -------------------I n c e n t i v e -----------------------------------

41
11
30

3. 24
3. 46
3. 15

_
.

11
43
11
32

2.
2.
2.
2.

81
70
57
74

_

2. 16
2. 25

_
_

5
5

7
7

6
6

5
5

55
11

2
2

9
9

6
6

18
18

2. 24
2. 19
2. 29

.
_
_

34
4
30

43
38
5

10
8
2

14
10
4

15
6
9

9
2
7

10
8
2

14
2
12

1. 96
1. 97

_
_

803
697

259
259

162
156

188
176

208
194

188
185

157
154

1. 79
1. 99
2. 01
1. 93
1. 96
2. 00
1 .8 3
1 .8 4

_
.
_
_
_
_
_
_

19
94
78
40
26
57
54
48

.
30
30
24
24
12
17
17

2
17
17
12
12
5
12
12

11
15
15
7
7
15
14
14

_
18
18
12
12
9
5
5

4
21
21
14
14
11
3
3

2. 37
1 .8 7

-

-

-

68

20

1
13

-

_

4

10

2. 22
1. 90
1 .8 4
1 .8 5
1. 93

_
.
_
_
_

5
35
131
121
33

.
6
20
20
13

_
6
14
14
2

_
4
14
14
10

.
_
_

2
5
10
4

_
10
_
_

1
2
_
_

_
_

_
.
.

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1
_
1

_
_
_
5

2
_
2

2
_
2

_
_
_

3
_
3

3
_
3

2
_
2

12
6
6

2
3

2
_

_
8

2
4

2
2

5

.

3
4

2

4

2

5

_

4

_

3
3

6

2

4

6

2

4

5

3

_

_
11
6
7

27
27

9
9

12
12

10
10

8
8

17
17

8
8

4
4

5
5

7
7

29
10
19

14
6
8

27
13
14

19
6
13

7
7
_

4
2
2

10
5
5

4
2
2

4
4

6
6

6
6

15
5
10

189
180

320
317

236
233

190
190

164
164

106
106

62
62

66
66

62
62

64
64

23
23

10
10

4
4

3
23
23
8
8
1
14
14

6
20
20
10
10
20
13
13

2
31
31
38
38
13
9
9

_
19
19
10
10
15
10
10

_
26
26
6
6
12
9
9

3
12
12
8
8
13
1
1

12
12
9
9
11
4
4

4
4
9
9
7
3
3

23
23

26
26
2
2
6

1
1
1
1
4

3
3
3

_
4

_
4

5
11

.

_

_

4

_

13

1

2
2

_

19

1
17

_

10

_
8
36
36
9

2
2
16
16
12

2
2
15
15
12

5
_
14
14
9

9
2
5
5
3

2
2
7
7
11

4

9
32
32
lb

2
4
9
9
6

_

_

_

_

5
_
_

14
2
2

9
_
_

5
_
_

10
6
_
_

4
17
2
2

7
15
3
3

2
4
4

7
9
6
6

1

4

_

_

_

_

1
1

1
1

10

T r o u s e r fa b r ic a tio n
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l ( a l l w o m e n ) ----220
I n c e n t iv e ____ ___ _____ ___
176
P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -----------309
M e n ------- _ ---------------------------155
W o m e n _______________________
154
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) 2 -------------- 3, 467
I n c e n t i v e ___________ _____ 3, 308
A t ta c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ( a l l
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) _________
50
A t ta c h p o c k e ts _______________
395
I n c e n tiv e __________________
379
A t t a c h b e l t lo o p s -------------------210
I n c e n tiv e —_____- ___ __ ____
196
A t ta c h f ly 3 b / --------------------------218
A t ta c h w a i s tb a n d _____________
169
I n c e n t i v e ____________ _____
163
A tta c h z i p p e r ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) _______ ___________
13
B a r t a c k i n g 3 b / ________________
197
B u tto n h o le m a k e r ( a l l
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) __________
37
94
H e m le g b o t to m s 3b / ---------------J o i n i n s e a m s a n d o u t s e a m s __
342
I n c e n tiv e __________________
332
_________
J o in s e a t s e a m s 3b /
148
M a k e lo o p s ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ____________________
47
M a k e p o c k e ts 3 b /
106
P i e c i n g f ly s __________________
32
I n c e n t iv e _______________ __
26
P i e c i n g p o c k e ts ( a ll
in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) _________
147
S e r g in g ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ____________________
198
Sew o n b u tto n s ( a l l i n c e n ­
tiv e w o r k e r s ) _______________
42
S titc h p o c k e ts ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) __________ _ _____
225
T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u l l e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) 3b / ________
207
U n d e r p r e s s e r s __________________
178
W o m e n ____
_ _
114
I n c e n t i v e ----------------------------108
M e n ( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
64

S e e fo o tn o t e s a t en d o f ta b le .




2.
2.
2.
2.

28
01
12
24

_

-

4
10
10
8

_
_
1
1

2
4
14
14

3

1
1

1

1
4
4
2
2

2

2

3
3

10
5
5

6
4
3
3

4

6
1

2
2

1. 97

_

38

7

8

10

5

13

9

12

10

8

5

4

2

6

_

_

36

6

13

19

6

10

10

4

24

24

23

8

10

2

1

2

1. 93

_

2

6

1. 96

2

.
_
.
-

7

2

5

6

6

2

6

2

1

2

15

2 .0 9
2. 01
2. 01
1. 98
1 .9 9
2. 05

4

21

22

9

13

4

10

11

28

19

18

9

7

3

12

5

13

6

33
48
38
34
10

13
9
3
3
6

10
6
4
4
2

3
11
6
6
5

14
2

20
7
3
3
4

11
9
5
5
4

19
9
8
8
1

30
16
7
5
9

11
18
16
16
2

7
10
5
5
5

7
10
5
5
5

5

2
6
4
4
2

5
2
2
2

1
5
5
5

9
3

5
2

2
1

3

2

1

_

_

2

1

_

_

-

2

4
3
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

T a b le 16.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :

T e n n e s s e e —C o n t i n u e d

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in m e n ' s and b o y s ' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa c tu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
N um ­
age
ber
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 5 $ 1.70 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.90 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 . 6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3.40 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0
of
h o u r ly
U nder
and
w o rk ­ e a rn “
*
■
"
“
“
“
“
■
”
~
“
"
“
“
$ 1. 60
e rs
m gs1
2
$ 1.65 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .7 5 $ 1.80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1.90 $ 1.95 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2.6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 3.00 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 4 .0 0 $ 4 .2 0 $ 4 .4 0 o v e r

M i s c e ll a n e o u s
A d j u s t e r s ( s e w in g - m a c h i n e
r e p a irm e n ) (a ll m en ) (a ll tim e w o rk e rs) —
A s s e m b le rs (g a rm e n t b u n d le rs ,
a s s o r t e r s ) --------------------------------T im e ----------------------------------I n c e n tiv e --------------------------G a rm e n t r e p a i r e r s (m a tc h -u p
g irls , m e n d e r s )( a ll w om en)
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) --------------------J a n i t o r s ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------M en
P a c k e r s (6 w o m e n , 43 m e n ) 3 a / —
S to c k c l e r k s , p i e c e g o o d s (8
w o m en , 4 m en ) (a ll tim e w o rk e rs) —
W a tc h m e n ( a l l m e n ) ( a l l t i m e -

2.
2.
2.
2.

18
09
24
23

61
46
41
49

2.
1.
1.
1.

00
94
95
99

12

1. 92

90
18
72

1. 96
1 .8 9
1. 98

43
37

2. 13
2. 19

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

3

-

2

_

_

2
2

6
6

3

2

_

.
_

3
3

-

6
4
4

_
_

_

12
9
12
3

-

-

4
4
6

17
14
11
1

-

8
8
28

14
6
5

21
8
8

-

2

5

5

_

11
_

1

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2

15

8

2

_

5

_

2

23

_

_

-

-

5

2

2

23

10
2
8

23
8
15

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

13

3
-

27

-

1
6

_
-

4
4

_

_
_

_

_

.

_

-

_
-

_
~

1
2
3

_

_

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_

_
_

2
_
_

-

"

-

8

-

2

4

-

3

-

'

“

-

-

4

2

-

-

4

_

7

■

-

4
5

2
2

2

-

4

1

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
I n c lu d e s s e w i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s by m e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t; (a) p r e d o m i n a n t l y t i m e w o r k e r s ; (b) p r e d o m i n a n t l y i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .




2

_

7

_

“

9
1
8

2

_

4
2
2

_
-

.

3

5
5

4

.

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n ) -----C le rk s , p a y ro ll (a ll w o m en ) —

6

10

_

10

3

-

2

6

11
11

2
2
_

1. 97

32
W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s (b u n d le b o y s )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------------W o m e n ---------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------

2
5
2
3
3

$ 3 . 18
47
19
37
28

-

“

■

"

T a b le 17.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a rn in g s :

S c ra n to n , P a .1

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 of w o r k e r s in seL ected o c c u p a tio n s in m e n 1 s and b o y s ' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa c tu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)
N um of

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

ei s

A v erN u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t '- t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
age
h o u r ly $ 1 .6 0 $ 1. 65 $ 1. 70 $ 1. 75 $ 1. 80 $ 1. 85 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2. 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 8d $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 . 40
and
and
*
z under
$ 1 . 6 5 $ 1 . 7C $ 1 .7 5 $ 1. 80 $ 1. 85 $ 1. 90 $ 1 . 95 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 , 30 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3. 0C $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 . $ a $.3. 80 $ 4 r 00 $ 4 . ^0 $ 4 . 40 o y e r 1

A ll p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s -------------- 1, 600 $ 2 . 46
2. 31
W o m e n -------------------------------------- 1, 266
3. 02
334

122
122

26
24
2

19
18
1

-

-

54
50
4

-

45
40
5

36
32
4

42
38
4

114
105
9

131
120
11

139
116
23

129
99
30

81
69
12

-

47
44
3

-

-

-

-

-

68
49
19

77
65
12

2
2

80
63

-

"

1

2
2

46
35
11

93
56
37

61
28
33

15
15

"

"

11
10
4
3

“

4
4

_

2
2

1
1

55
43
12

35
20
15

23
12
11

16
7
9

_

_

_
_

-

"

_

20
7
13

12
2
10

29
2
27

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a tio n s
C u ttin g
C u t t e r s , c lo th , m a c h i n e ( a l l
m e n ) _____________________________
T i m e ---------------------------------------M a r k e r s ( a l l m e n ) ______________

26
25
8
7

3.
3.
3.
3.

41
37
24

2. 34
2. 36
2. 16

18
18
24
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

"

2
2

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

_

_

_

T r o u s e r f a b ric a tio n
I n s p e c t o r s , f in a l ------------------------P r e s s e r s , f in i s h , m a c h i n e ( a l l
m e n ) ( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) —
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
I n c e n t iv e ________________
M e n ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------A t t a c h c r o t c h p i e c e s ( a ll
w o m e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e

95

2. 34
2. 34
2. 34

8

1

2
2
1

3 .6 3

1 ,0 8 0
1, 072
1 ,0 6 9

1

18
18
18

3
3
3

4
4
1

2. 76

1
1
1

1
_

1
21
21
21

18
18
18

44
44
44

35
35
35

29
29
29

40
40
40

32
32
32

5

-

5

-

1

3

5

-

1

10

8

12

8

8

3

10

3 15

78
78
78

86
86
83

94
94
94

89
89
89

60
58
58

62
60
60

46
45
45

59
59
59

34
34
34

34
33
33

53
53
53

28
26
26

18
18
18

12
12
12

7
7
7

7
7
7

2
2
2

2
2
2

2

90
90
90

2

1

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

3
2

1
1

1
1

-

1

2
-

2
-

1

-

7

H e m le g b o t to m s ( a ll
w o m e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) --------------------------------J o in in s e a m s an d o u ts e a m s
(a ll w o m en ) (a ll in c e n ­
tiv e w o r k e r s ) ------------------------J o in s e a ts e a m s (a ll w o m en )
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------M a k e lo o p s ( a l l w o m e n ) ______
I n c e n t iv e ______ ____________
M a k e p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ____
P i e c i n g f ly s ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ------P i e c i n g p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ______

S e e f o o tn o t e s a t en d o f ta b le .




2. 36

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

3

1

69
36

2. 31
2. 29

4
3

2
2

_

2
2

3
-

4
-

3
2

7
2

8
5

6
2

3
4

2
2

6
1

1

_

-

6
2

4

2
-

35

2. 27

3

2

-

2

2

-

-

2

2

5

2

4

2

1

-

4

-

1

1

1

-

45

2. 30

5

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

5

6

1

10

3

1

1

5

-

2

3

-

-

-

57

2. 27

3

1

2

1

1

2

-

4

7

7

4

5

5

4

3

-

3

2

3

-

-

-

37

2. 5 2

3

-

1

-

2

1

1

-

6

1

4

3

-

-

-

1

-

-

10

-

1

-

1

2

-

-

72

2. 20

4

2

-

4

3

2

8

5

2

7

4

11

6

5

1

1

3

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

A t ta c h p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ____
A t ta c h b e lt lo o p s ------------------W o m e n ( a l l in c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -------------------------A t ta c h f ly ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ____
A t ta c h w a i s tb a n d ( a l l
w o m e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) -------------------------------A t t a c h z ip p e r ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ____
B a r ta c k i n g ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ____
B u tto n h o le m a k e r ( a ll
w o m e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e

2. 24

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

3

1

3

-

1

-

1

-

1

28

2. 14

1

1

-

6

-

2

-

2

3

5

2

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

56

2. 40

3

-

-

3

3

4

3

3

3

6

2

1

2

4

10

1

2

3

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

45
13
10

2. 38
2. 11
2. 12

2
-

_

-

-

-

2
2

38

2. 63

-

-

2

14

2. 25

2

-

36

2. 30

5

-

-

3
3

2
-

2
-

2

2

1

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

1
-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
_

3
_

_

-

3
1
1

_

-

-

-

3
1
1

1

-

2

1

1

5

4

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

4

3

2

-

-

2

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

7
3
"

9
1
1

3
1
1

3
_

1

1

6

1

2

4

3

1

T a b le 17.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :

S c r a n t o n , P a . —C o n t i n u e d

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in m en * s a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , J a n u a r y 1971)

O c c u p a tio n a n d s e x

N um ­ A v erN u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—
ber
age
$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .6 6 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1. 75 $ 1 . 80 $ 1 .8 5 $ 1. 90 $ 1 . 95 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2. 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 $ 3 . 20 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 . 60 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 4 . 00
$ 4 . 20 $ 4 . 40
of
h o u r ly
and
w o rk ­ e a rn ­
and
under
e rs
i n g s 13
2
$ 1 .6 5 $ 1 . 70 $ 1. 75 $ 1. 80 $ 1 . 85 $ 1. 90 $ 1 . 9 5 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $ 2 . 30 $ 2 . 40 $ 2 . 50 $ 2 . 60 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $ 3 . 00 8 3. 20 $ 3 . 40 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 80 $ 4 . 00 $ 4 . 20 $ 4 . 40

S e le c te d p ro d u c tio n
o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n tin u e d
T r o u s e r f a b r i c a t i o n — C o n tin u e d
S e w i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
t r o u s e r s 4 5 C o n tin u e d
—
S e r g in g ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----Sew o n b u tto n s ( a l l
w o m e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) _____ _ ____ ___
Sew o n w a i s tb a n d lin in g ( a ll
w o m e n ) ( a l l i n c e n t iv e
w o r k e r s ) ______ ___ ________ _
S titc h p o c k e ts ( a l l w o m e n )
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ----T h r e a d t r i m m e r s a n d b a s ti n g
p u l l e r s ( a l l w o m e n ) ( a ll
i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) -----------------U n d e r p r e s s e r s (a ll m en )
( a l l i n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ) ______

69 $ 2 . 34

8

-

-

3

-

1

4

-

3

-

5

6

3

10

1

7

2

2

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

9

2 .4 5

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

1

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

29

2. 57

-

-

_

1

-

_

_

1

3

_

5

3

3

.

1

4

2

_

3

1

_

2

_

_

_

_

30

2. 60

-

-

-

-

_

1

1

_

1

_

5

_

_

7

2

4

4

2

2

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

34

2. 26

4

-

-

2

_

_

2

_

5

3

1

4

4

_

4

1

1

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

33

2. 31

2

3

2

2

2

1

2

7

3

1

5

-

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

28
24
9
15
13

4.
2.
2.
2.
2.

04
70
53
80
89

_

_

_

_

1
1
_
1
i
X

_
5
3
2

_
1
_
1

_
2
2
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1
_
1

_
_
_
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_
_
_
_

1
„
_
_

_
1
_
1

3
2
_
2

2
2
_
2

_
4
2
2

2
1

_
_

1

_

8
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

5 11

4
2
2
2

12
12
11
23
22
18

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

12
15
17
67
69
54

4

_

_

_
2
1
1

_
1
1

1
4
4

1

_
_

1
1

10
10

2
2

4
4

_

I

I

3

1

I

10

2. 85

31

2. 36

-

“

28
6

2. 54
2. 48

_

_

M i s c e ll a n e o u s
A d ju s te r s (a ll m en )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------------------A s s e m b e r s --------------------------------W o m e n 6 __- ________ _______ _
M e n ---------— — __ —
T n rp n tiv p
G a r m e n t r e p a i r e r s ( a ll
w o m e n ) 7 _____ ___ __________ ___ _
Ja n ito rs
____
M e n ( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) ------P a r if p rQ
....
T i m e ____ __ ____ ________ _
S h ip p in g c l e r k s ( a l l m e n )
( a l l t i m e w o r k e r s ) -------- -------W o rk d i s t r i b u t o r s ( a l l m e n )
( a ll t i m e w o r k e r s ) _____________

-

_
_

_

2
2

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
3
2

4
1
1

_
_

1

I

1
"

-

1

_

2

_

2

_

_

_

_

1

_

2

3

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

6

1

-

2

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

_

4
1

4
-

1

1

4
“

2

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

3

9

_

_

4
1

3
1

_

_

“

-

S e l e c t e d o f fic e o c c u p a t i o n s
C l e r k s , g e n e r a l ( a l l w o m e n ) ----C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ( a l l w o m e n ) ----1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1

1

T h e S c r a n t o n S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f L a c k a w a n n a C o u n ty .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 2 a t $ 4 . 60 to $ 4 . 8 0 ; 3 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 5 ; 6 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 20; 2 a t $ 5 . 20 to $ 5 . 40 ; a n d 2 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 . 60.
I n c lu d e s s e w in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 3 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 60 ; 4 a t $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 ; 3 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 20; a n d 1 a t $ 6 . 20 to $ 5 . 4 0 .
I n s u f f ic i e n t d a ta to w a r r a n t p u b l ic a ti o n o f s e p a r a t e a v e r a g e s b y m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, p r e d o m i n a n t l y in c e n t iv e w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s p a id u n d e r t im e a n d in c e n t iv e s y s te m s w e r e d iv id e d e q u a lly .




T a b le 18.

M eth o d of w a g e paym ent

( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in m e n 's and boys* s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s by m eth o d of w a g e p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s,

M e th o d of w a g e p a y m e n t 1

U n ite d
S t a te s 2

R e g io n s

s e le c t e d r e g io n s , S t a te s , and a r e a , Jan u ary 1971)
S ta te s

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th ­
east

G re a t
L akes

M id d le
W e st

A la b a m a

G e o r g ia

M is s is s ip p i

A rea

M is s o u r i

N o r th
C a r o li n a

P e n n s y l­
v a n ia

T en n essee

S c r a n to n ,
Pa.

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s -----------------------F o r m a l p l a n s ------------------------------S in g le r a t e ----------------------------R a n g e of r a t e s -----------------------I n d iv id u a l r a t e s ---------------------------

21
8
3
4
13

27
10
8
2
17

20
4
4
16

19
4
2
2
15

25
19
3
16
6

42
42
42

17
7
3
3
10

20

22
3
3

43
43

12
6

20

20

17
10
3
8
6

14
5
5
_
10

I n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ---------------------------I n d iv id u a l p i e c e w o r k ------------------G r o u p p i e c e w o r k -----------------------I n d iv id u a l b o n u s -----------------------G r o u p b o n u s --------------------------------

79
71
7
1
( 3)

73
73
( 3)
-

80
80
“

81
71
10

75
70
4

58
44
6
8
"

83
76
7

80
80
( 3)

78
48
30

83
77
7

86
86

-

( 3)

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

( 3)

43
-

6
6

22
7
5
2
16

57
42
7
9
“

88
88

78
78

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

"

"

1 F o r d e f i n i ti o n o f m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, s e e a p p e n d ix A .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 L e s s t h a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

T a b le 19.

M in im u m e n tra n c e and jo b ra te s

( N u m b e r of m e n 's a n d b o y s ’ s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d b y m in im u m h o u r ly e n t r a n c e a n d jo b r a t e s o f w o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s , U n ite d S t a te s a n d s e le c te d
r e g i o n s , J a n u a r y 1971)
U n ite d S t a te s 2
M in im u m r a t e 1

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

G re a t L akes

M id d le W e st

E n tra n c e
ra te

Jo b
ra te

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d i e d -----------------

177

177

3,1

31

11

11

78

78

9

9

14

14

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a n
e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m -------------------

119

94

5

4

7

7

64

41

8

8

12

12

5
62
12
11
4
5
4
6
3
6
_
1

_
12
8
7
12
9
2
3
7
11
6
8
2
1
6
53
30

.
2
1
_

1
1
_
1
_
1
1
1
1

3
1
_

1
8
_
1
1

U n d e r $ 1. 60 -----------------------------$ 1. 60 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 6 5 ------------$ 1. 65 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 7 0 -----------$ 1. 70 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 7 5 -----------$ 1. 75 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 8 0 -----------$ 1. 80 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 8 5 -----------$ 1. 85 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 9 0 -----------$ 1 . 9 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1. 9 5 -----------$ 1. 95 a n d u n d e r $ 2. 0 0 -----------$ 2. 00 a n d u n d e r $ 2. 0 5 -----------$ 2. 05 ai}d u n d e r $ 2. 1 0 -----------$ 2. 10 a n d u n d e r $ 2. 1 5 -----------$ 2. 1 5 a n d u n d e r $ 2. 2 0 -----------$ 2. 20 a n d u n d e r $ 2. 2 5 -----------$ 2. 25 a n d o v e r -------------------------N o f o r m a l m i n i m u m ---------------------N o n e h i r e d --------------------------------------

_
_
-

27
31

E n tra n c e
ra te

_
3
_
_
_
_
1
_
_
_
_
1

Job
ra te

_
_

_

E n tra n c e
ra te

_

_

Jo b
ra te

1
_
_
1
_

_
1
1
1
1

E n tra n c e
ra te

37
9
7
2
1
1
3
1
3

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

1

_

17
9

19
8

_
_

_

4

4

10
4

_

E n tra n c e
ra te

2
4
3
4
4
2
5
6

_

_

_

Jo b
ra te

5
2

_
4
33
4

2
2
_
1
2

Jo b
ra te

_
_

1

_

_

_
_
1

1
1

1
2
1
_
2
4

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

1

1

2

1 M in im u m e n tr a n c e a n d m in im u m jo b r a t e s r e l a t e to th e lo w e s t f o r m a l r a t e s e s t a b l i s h e d f o r i n e x p e r ie n c e d a n d e x p e r i e n c e d t i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s ,
p lo y e d a s w o r k d i s t r i b u t o r s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




1

_

_
_

_

Jo b
ra te

2

_
_
_
_
_
_

E n tra n c e
ra te

re s p e c tiv e ly ,

1

em ­

T a b le 20.

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u rs

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s q f d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s
S t a t e s , a n d a r e a , J a n u a r y 1971)

U n ite d
S ta t6 s

W e e k ly h o u r s

R e g io n s
jvuacue
A tla n tic

I

rso raer
S ta te s

| S o u th e a s t

U n ite d S t a te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s ,

S t a te s
G reat
Lakes

M id d le
W est

A la b a m a

G e o r g ia

M is s i s s i p p i 1 M i s s o u r i I

A rea
N o r th : I P e n n s y l C a ro lin a

1 T en n essee

S c r a n to n ,
Pa.

P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

100

______

36 h o u r s _ _
4 0 h o u r s _______
O v e r 4 0 h o u r s ___

l

___

99

100
1
99

100
100

(3)

100
99

1

100
21
79

100

100

100

T

100

“

100
-

100
"

100
-

96

4

100
_

100
-

100
_

100
-

100

_

100
-

100

100

100

100

-

-

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

__ _
_
.

100

100

3
96

_ _

U n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ________
4 0 h o u r s ___________
O v e r 40 h o u r s _

14

1

86

100
100

100

100

5

3
97

93

1

100
100

2 ^ a t a r e l a t e to th e p r e d o m i n a n t w o r k s c h e d u le of f u l l - t i m e d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s in e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d it i o n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 L e s s th an 0 .5 p e rc e n t.
NO TE :

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u a l 100.




100
1
99

100

100

100

100

100

24
69
7

100

100

100
2
98

100

100

100

4
96

T a b l e 21. P a i d h o l i d a y s
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n and o f fic e w o r k e r s in m e n 's and b o y s' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r p aid h o lid a y s , U n ited S ta te s , s e le c t e d r e g io n s , S ta te s , and
a r e a , J a n u a r y 1971)

N u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s

U n ite d
S ta te s 1

R e g io n s

S ta te s

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

G reat
Lakes

M id d le
W est

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

93
4
9
6
11
21
1
39
2

100
_

100
_
_
_
22
26
2
50

86
7
18
14
10
9
2
24
2

89
_
_
_

100

_
_

6
_
15
12

77
_
13
_
13
8

_

_

_

80
9

68

27
16

14

11

A la b a m a

A rea

M is s is s ip p i

M is s o u ri

N o r th
C a r o li n a

P e n n s y l­
v a n ia

T en n essee

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

78
15
22
14
12
6

100

100
7
_
17
6

53
15
12
27

100

100

100

G e o r g ia

S c ra n to n ,
Pa.

P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s --------

---------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o ­
v id in g p a id h o l id a y s _____________
2 d a y s — ------------------ — ---------3 d a y s __________ __________ ___
4 d a y s ----------------------- _ _ --------5 d a y s _______ _ ___ ____ _
__
f) d a y s
6 d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___ ___
7 d a y s — -------- -------- ----- -----8 d a y s ___________ ________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n o t
p r o v id i n g p a id h o l id a y s __________

7

_

_
_

8
_

92
_

-

_

-

_

_

-

23

_
8
_

22

_

24
25
15
9
7
20

_

_

70
_

_

_
_
_
_

-

-

47

_

_

_

_
_

9
_

_
_

_

_

8

17

_

_

_

.

92

74

100

_

_

_

-

-

-

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

________ _________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o ­
v id in g p a id h o l id a y s _____
_____
2 d a y s ____,____________ ___________
3 d a y s -----------------------------------------4 d a y s ---------------------------- ------5 d a y s —________ __ ___ _______ __
6 d a y s -----------------------------------------6 d a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ___ _______
6 d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------7 d a y s _______
___ ___________
8 d a y s ______ _—______________ ___
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n o t
p r o v id i n g p a id h o lid a y s _ _ _____

100
96
3
5
5
12
24
( 2)
6
36
4
4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

80

100

100

100

_

_

_

18
12

8
12

93
6
6
4
77

100

4

86
11
19
20
12
18

100

_
_

12
15
1

91
5
11
12
21
16
1

_

_

_
_

_

_
_
_

16
_

_
_

84

72

_

_

-

_

_
_

_
_

23
2

70

_

42
14

9

-

-

20

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , su m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m ay not eq u a l t o ta ls .




_
_

_

69
29
2

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s’e s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .
2 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NO TE :

_
_
_
_

6

_
14

_

8
17
24
16
3

_

_
_
21
2
_

_

33

77

_

_

-

-

_

_
_
_
_

7

_

7

_
_

_
_

7

33

_
_

_
_

93

60

_

-

_
_
_

_

-

_
_
_

100

-

T a b le 22. P a id v a c a tio n s
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in m e n 1 s and b o y s ' s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa c tu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r p a id v a c a tio n s , U n ite d S t a te s , s e le c t e d r e g io n s , S ta te s , and
a r e a , J a n u a r y 1971)

V a c a ti o n p o lic y

R e g io n s

U n ite d
S t a te s 1

S t a te s

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

G reat
L akes

M id d le
W est

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
55
45
_

100
68
32
_

93
37
56
_

100
87
13
_

100
82
18
_

-

-

7

-

-

A rea

M is s is s ip p i

M is s o u ri

N o r th
C a ro lin a

P e n n s y l­
v a n ia

T en n essee

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

76
35
41
_

98
18
79
_

100
57
43
_

100
87
13
_

60
22
39

100
51
49

100
47
53
_

100
100
100

24

2

-

-

40

-

-

-

_
48

60

7

100

_

7
6
36
43

A la b a m a

G e o r g ia

S c r a n to n ,
Pa.

P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

_________________

100

M e th o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id v a c a t i o n s _____________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ________
-------- ---P e rc e n ta g e p ay m en t
O th e r
_
_____
___
_ _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id v a c a t i o n s _____

97
53
43
( 2)
3

-

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 3
A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------- __ _ _ __ _
__
1 w e e k ________ — _ ____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------2 w e e k s _____
__ ___ ___ ____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s —____
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______
A f t e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k -----------------------------1 w e e k ______
_
__ . ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____ _
2 w e e k s ___ _____
- _
____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______
3 w e e k s -------_ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------- ---------------- _
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ __
2 w e e k s __ ________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------3 w eeks
~ --------------- _ — _ O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------- —________
1 w e e k ----- ----- ----— _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______
2 w eeks
--------- — — — O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______
4 w eeks _ - — —
----- - —
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------- ----- — ------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------2 w e e k s - - -------- - O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s —-----3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------4 w e e k s ----------------- --------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e : 4
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______
2 w e e k s __ ______________ _____ __
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s —____
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




1
68
1
15
1
7
3

_
7
_
6
6
42
39

_
41
_
34
_
23
_

1
82
_
9
_
_
_

11
30
12
31
_
16
_

_
54
_
8
6
27
_

_
76
_
_
_
_
_

4
71
_
20

_
96
_
4

_
_

_
_

9
6
30
_

1
42
6
33
2
10
3

_
( 2)
13
6
42
39

_
35
_
34
_
31
_

1
58
9
23
_
2
.

11
9
_
56
_
23

_
27
_
19
6
43
_

_
27
12
21
_
16
_

4
64
4
25
_
_
_

_
70
_
30
_
_
_

_
17
_
21
6
48
_

1
28
3
43
2
17
3

_
( 2)
_
6
6
49
39

_
35
_
8

11
9
_
26
_
54
_

_
21
_
25

58
_ *

1
46
7
32
.
7
.

43
6

_
9
27
25
_
16
_

4
45
11
38
_
_
_

_
58
_
27
_
15
_

_
17
_
21
_
48
6

( 2)
11
3
56
1
21
4
( 2)

_
( 2)
_
6
6
42
39
6

_
22
_
20
_
58
_
_

.
16
6
63
.
8
.
.

11
_
_
21
_
68
_
_

_
21
_
12
6
56
6
_

_
_
12
37
_
27
_
_

_
32
13
53
_
_
_
_

_
6
_
79
_
15
_
_

6
7
64
6
_

_
( 2)
_
6
6
42
39
6

_
22
_
20
_
58
_
_

.
15
4
56
.
17
.
.

11
_
_
21
_
68

_
21
_
12
6
56
6
_

_
_
12
22
_
42

_
29
9
60

_
6

17

34

( 2)

6
7
64
6

27

_

_

_

7
6
36
43
7

_
( 2)

_

.

11

22

15
4
53

17

12
22

29
9
54

6

34
-\

( 2)

12

74

6

20

6
7
64
6

2V

42

-

-

7
6
36
43
7

( 2)
11
2
48
1
30
4
( 2)
( 2)
11
2
44
1
31
8
( 2)

1

1

_

_

6
6
42
39
6

18

_

.

-

_
_
_

76

_

17
4

-

-

-

59

_

_
21
_
12
6
56
6
"

79
15

17

60
_
_

60
_
_

34
27
_
_
_

_

f 2)
14
6
36
43

100

46
37
16
100

("2)

46

7
6
43
43

47
7

100

( 2)
7
6
36
43
7

93
7

100 ,

50
50

100

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

50
28
22

100

-

-

T a b le 22. P a id v a c a t io n s —C o n tin u e d
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n and o f fic e w o r k e r s in m e n ’ s and b o y s ' se p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r p a id v a c a tio n s , U n ited S t a te s , s e le c t e d r e g io n s , S ta te s , and
a r e a , J a n u a r y 1971)
U n ite d
S ta te s 1

V a c a ti o n p o lic y

R e g io n s

S t a te s

A re a

M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

G re a t
L akes

M id d le
W est

A la b a m a

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
_
_

100
100
_
_

97
66
31
_

100
100
_
_

100
86
14
_

1

-

3

-

-

( 2)
48
1
43
( 2)
6

_
3
18
_
78

_
37
58
_
5

1
55
40

12
13
74

1

1

53
7
4
4
33

( 2)
26
4
58
( 2)
10

_
_
_
21
_
78

_
28
_
58
_
14

1
40
8
42
7

_
7
_
92
_
1

_
28
7
21
4
40

( 2)
19
1
62
16
( 2)

_
_
_
19
81
_

_
28
_
31
41
_

1
32
3
47
14
_

_
7
_
87
6
_

_
21
7
28
40
4

8
1
61
28
( 2)
( 2)

_

19
_
9
72
_
_

16
3
62
15
_
_

_

19
78
_
3

92
8
_
_

21
7
9
60
4
_

_
_
28
52
_
_

32
9
55
3
_

67
30
_
_

8
1
47
42
(2 )
(2 )

19
78
3

19
9
72
-

15
3
50
28
-

25
75
-

21
7
9
60
4
-

16
64
-

29
9
51
9
-

3
67
30
-

13
9
2
72
4
-

23
77
-

8
1
43
44
( 2)
( 2)

_
_
19
78
_
3

19
_
8
72
-

15
3
48
26
4
-

_
_
23
77
_

21
7
9
60
4
'

_
16
64
■

29
9
47
14
■

3
_
64
33
-

13
9
2
72
4
"

“

M is s is s ip p i

M is s o u r i

N o r th
C a r o li n a

P e n n s y l­
v a n ia

T en n essee

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

80
78
2
_

99
55
44
_

100
74
26
_

100
96
4
_

100
94
6
_

100
100

100
100

_

100
39
61
_

20

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
48
_
31
_
_

2
54
_
39
_
3

_
54
_
46
_
_

_
43
9
4
4
40

23
_
77

4

100

20

_

76

_
25

2
52
_
42
_
3

_
46
_
54
_
_

13
9
26
4
49

77

24

_

76

2
38
8
49
3

_
40
_
29
30
_

13
9
26
49
4

77
_

G e o r g ia

S c r a n to n ,
Pa.

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

—

- -

_

100

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id v a c a t i o n s __________ __
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -----------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ------------------O t h e r __ -----_
__ _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------

99
84
15
( 2)
1

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 3
A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____________________
1 w eek —
_
- —
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w eeks
2 w e e k s ------- ,— „—.—
----O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ ___
_
___
3 w e e k s ----A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
U nder 1 w eek _
_ __ 1 w eek _ —
_ _ -----O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------2 w e e k s ____ __ __ ___
_ _
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eeks _
3 w eeks
_
_
__ ___ _
A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____________________
1 w e e k ___
______ __ ____________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______
2 w e e k s _____________________ __ __
3 w e e k s ____________ ______________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
1 w e e k ______ __ _____ ______ ___ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______
2 w e e k s —------------------------- -------------3 w e e k s _ ____
____ _
_ _
O v er 3 and u n d e r 4 w eeks — —
4 w e e k s -----A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e : 4
1 w e e k ----------------------— — — —O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----2 w e e k s ---------------------------------- -----^ u/Aolrc
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----- __
4 w e e k s ___________________ _______

_

-

_

_

_
_

_

-

_

_
_

11
44

_
20
_
16
44

_

_

_

3

13
9
2
72
4

23

23

100
25
59
16
100
25

21
79

66
9

100

21
76

91
9

100

21
76
3

29
71
-

100
-

23
_
77
_

21
76

_
100

-

-

29
43
28
"

■

23
77
_
_

3

3

-

1 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
3 V a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , s u c h a s p e r c e n t o f annu al e a r n in g s, w e r e c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s .
P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b itr a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r i ly r e f le c t in d iv id ­
u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . F o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d at 10 y e a r s m a y in c lu d e c h a n g e s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
4 V a c a tio n p r o v is io n s w e r e v ir t u a lly the s a m e a fte r lo n g e r p e r io d s o f s e r v i c e .
NO TE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta ls .




T a b l e 23. H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and re tire m e n t p la n s
( P e r c e n t of p r o d u c tio n and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in m e n ’ s and boys*
r e g io n s , S t a te s , and a r e a , J a n u a r y 1971)

T y p e of p la n 1

U n ite d
S t a te s 2

s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa ctu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith s p e c if ie d h e a lth ,

in s u r a n c e ,

R e g io n s
M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd e r
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

and r e tir e m e n t p la n s ,

U n ited S t a te s ,

S ta te s
G reat
Lakes

M id d le
W est

A la b a m a

G e o r g ia

s e le c te d

A re a

M is s is s ip p i

M is s o u ri

N o r th
C a ro lin a

P e n n s y l­
v a n ia

T en n essee

S c r a n to n ,
Pa.

P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

-------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o ­
v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e — ----------- ----N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ---------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m ­
b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e -------- —
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r ­
a n c e o r s ic k l e a v e o r b o th 3 __
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t
in s u ra n c e
______
_____
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s —
S ic k l e a v e ( fu ll p a y , no
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) — _______
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) -----------------H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s -------S u r g ic a l i n s u r a n c e ____________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------R e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 4 -------------------P e n s i o n s -------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s —
S e v e r a n c e p a y --------------------No p l a n s — — -------- -------------S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
63

99
99

77
49

95
43

80
70

88
88

94
67

87
14

100
51

94
94

100
7

100
100

100
91

100
100

52
38

6
6

45
19

50
28

38
29

49
49

33
33

41
3

42
36

55
55

53
_

7
7

86
76

_
_

43

94

84

19

80

54

16

_

14

55

_

93

75

100

16
16

_

93
93

75
75

100
100

39
32

94
94

76
50

16
15

80
70

54
54

_

4
4

55
55

_
_

_

1

-

8

_

8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
97
62
97
62
65
45
33
20
35
33
30
2
3

-

-

3
98
43
98
43
44
22
26
14
31
26
21
4
1

_
89
79
89
79
89
79
38
29
80
80
70
_
11

_
94
73
94
73
94
73
39
24
68
68
68
_
6

94
60
94
60
55
35
40
27
44
44
44

_
100
16
100
16
52
4
19
_
27
27
13

_
100
76
100
76
100
76
45
28
70
70
70

_
100
19
100
19
59
19
73
19
7
7
7

_
100
100
100
100
94
94
7
7
86
86
86

_
93
84
93
84
43
43
37
37
31
31
31

_

_

10
100
51
100
51
26
26
11
11
37
21
21
16

_

_

_

_
100
100
100
100
100
100
_
_
100
100
100
_

-

-

-

-

(5 )

-

-

99
99
99
99
94
94
6
6
87
87
87
_
(5 )

100
50
100
50
80
31
27
1
17
17
17
_
-

6

_

T a b l e 23. H e a lth , in su ra n c e , and re tire m e n t p la n s — C o n t in u e d
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t i o n a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m e n ’ s a n d b o y s '
r e g i o n s , S t a t e s , a n d a r e a , J a n u a r y 1971)

T y p e o f p la n 1

U n ite d
S ta te s 2

s e p a r a t e t r o u s e r s m a n u f a c tu r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith s p e c i f ie d h e a lt h ,

in s u r a n c e ,

R e g io n s
M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S ta te s

S o u th e a s t

an d r e tir e m e n t p la n s ,

U n ite d S t a te s ,

S t a te s
G re a t
L akes

M id d le
W est

A la b a m a

G e o r g ia

s e le c te d

A re a

M is s is s ip p i

M is s o u ri

N o r th
C a r o li n a

P e n n s y l­
v a n ia

T en n essee

S c r a n to n ,
Pa.

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
A ll w o r k e r s

---------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o ­
v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e --------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ---------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m ­
b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r ­
a n c e o r s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 3 ___
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t
i n s u r a n c e __ _ _________ __
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___
S ic k le a v e ( fu ll p a y , no
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) _____________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) -------------------H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s - ___
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ____ _______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______
R e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 4 ____ _______
P e n s i o n s ____________ _______ _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___
S e v e r a n c e p a y ----------------------No p l a n s
__ _ __________ ______

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
66

92
92

84
69

92
41

96
96

68
37

98
72

84
24

100
50

74
45

100
7

92
92

88
81

85
85

54
38

55
55

45
30

52
23

91
91

39
7

41
41

26
_

57
29

38
9

89
_

63
63

86
79

65
65

56

50

85

37

79

4

27

35

50

4

57

74

78

33
25

50
50

49
34

14
12

79
79

_
_

14
14

3
_

3

_
_

_
_

57
57

74
74

78
78

_

36

24

_

4

13

35

44

4

_
72
71
72
71
71
70
21
20
77
77
77
_
8

_
100
72
100
72
100
72
82
68
12
12
12
_

1
99
44
99
44
50
25
44
15
30
30
25
1
1

_
92
92
92
92
90
90
86
86
15
15
15
_
3

_
72
30
72
30
72
30
49
7
32
32
_
_
25

_
98
70
98
70
65
50
63
50
67
67
67

_
100
30
100
30
71
16
43

2
100
50
100
50
30
26
50
8
34
29
29
4

_
79
28
79
28
79
28
51
_
30
30

_
100
13
100
13
17
13
23
13
7
7
7
_

91
81
91
81
45
38
42
35
35
35
35

85
85
85
85
85
85
24
24
78
78
78

2

-

_
81
81
81
81
80
80
23
23
76
76
76
_
8

9

15

26
(5 )
96
65
96
65
75
55
50
33
34
33
30
1
3

-

_

_

23
23
12

_

_

-

_

_
17

-

1 I n c lu d e s o n ly t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t p a r t o f th e c o s t a n d e x c lu d e s l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d p la n s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a ti o n a n d s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ; h o w e v e r , p la n s
r e q u i r e d b y S t a te t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s a r e in c lu d e d if th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n i s le g a l ly r e q u i r e d o r th e e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e b e n e f i ts e x c e e d in g l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s .
" N o n c o n t r i b u to r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s f in a n c e d e n ti r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 U n d u p lic a te d t o ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s in p la n ts h a v in g p r o v is i o n s f o r p e n s io n s o r r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




Ta b le 24. Other selected benefits
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c tio n and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in m en* s and b o y s'
S t a te s , and a r e a , J a n u a r y 1971)

T y p e of b e n e fit 1

U n ite d
S t a te s 2

s e p a r a te t r o u s e r s m a n u fa c tu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith fu n e r a l le a v e pay and iu r v dutv pav
7

R e g io n s
M id d le
A tla n tic

B o rd er
S t a te s

S o u th e a s t

y r

y>

U n ite d S t a te s

s e le c te d r e g io n s ,

S ta te s
G re a t
L akes

M id d le
W e st

A la b a m a

G e o r g ia

M is s is s ip p i

M is s o u ri

5
19

6

33
36

4
4

A rea
N o r th
C a ro lin a

P v a n i l 1_

| T en n essee

S c r a n to n ,
Pa.

-

6

7
16

20

-

18

9
16

35

P r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
p r o v is io n s f o r:
F u n e r a l le a v e p a y ___________
J u r y d u ty p a y _ ____ _ ______

9
20

6

8
8

11
26

20

6

28
64

15
31

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
p r o v is io n s f o r:
F u n e r a l l e a v e p a y _____________
J u r y d u ty p a y ______ _____ __

1

13
18

16

5
12

F o r d e f i n i ti o n o f b e n e f i t s , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




23
32

-

4
4

45
70

24
36

Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey
S c o p e of su rv e y
The survey included establishm ents prim arily
engaged in m anufacturing m en’s y o u th ’s, and b oys’
separate trousers and slacks (industry 2327 as de­
fined in the 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial
Classification Manual, prepared by the U .S. Office
of M anagem ent and Budget). E stablishm ents pri­
marily engaged in m anufacturing com plete suits
(industry 2311) and work pants (industry 2328) were
excluded. Separate auxiliary units, such as central
offices and w arehouses, were excluded. Also ex ­
cluded were plants prim arily engaged in m anufac­
turing suit trousers, and jobbers, who perform only
entrepreneurial functions, such as buying m aterial,
arranging for all m anufacturing operations to be

done by others, and selling the finished products.
Establishm ents selected for study were draw n from
units em ploying 20 w orkers or more at the time of
reference of the data used in com piling the universe
lists.
The num ber of establishm ents and w orkers stud­
ied by the B ureau, as well as the num ber estim ated
to be within the scope of the survey during the pay­
roll period studied, are shown in table A -l.
M ethod of s tu d y
D ata were obtained by personal visits of the Bu­
reau’s field staff. The survey was conducted on a
sample basis. To obtain appropriate accuracy at
minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than of

Table A -1. Estimated number o f establishments and workers w ithin scope o f the survey, and number studied, men's
and boys' separate trousers manufacturing industry, January 1971

Number of establishments3

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study
Office
Production
workers
workers

Actually
studied

Within
scope of
study

Actually
studied

Total4

United States5 ................

343

177

78,135

71,195

2,494

43,214

Middle Atlantic6 ...........................
Pennsylvania...........................
Scranton, Pa.........................
Border S ta tes...............................
Southeast6 ....................................
Alabama..................................
Georgia ..................................
Mississippi................................
North Carolina.........................
Tennessee...............................
Great Lakes..................................
Middle West‘ ................................
Missouri ..................................

55
38
12
28
140
18
58
29
9
22
17
20
16

31
24
9
11
78
12
26
21
5
11
9
14
12

5,871
5,321
1,733
5,942
35,572
4,091
12,129
9,752
3,153
5,886
2,423
2,614
2,289

5,436
4,942
1,600
5,443
32,881
3,757
11,154
9,158
2.846
5,467
1,910
2,440
2,141

118
103
55
177
999
132
370
208
143
136
223
57
47

3,981
3,688
1,415
2,857
22,302
2,654
6,765
7,582
1,796
3,055
1,693
2,154
1,943

Regions,1 States, and area2

Total

1The regions used in this study include: Middle Atlantic—
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; Border States—
Delaware, Dis­
trict of Columbia, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southeast—
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina,
South Carolina, and Tennessee; Great La/res—
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and Middle West—
Iowa,
Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.
2For definition of area, see footnote 1, table 17.
’ includes only establishments with 20 workers or more at the time of reference of the universe data.
4Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the production and officeworker categories shown separately.
5Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately. Alaska and Hawaii were not included in the study.
’ includes data for States in addition to those shown separately.




47

small establishm ents was studied. In com bining the
data, how ever, all establishm ents were given their
appropriate weight. All estim ates are presented,
therefore, as relating to all establishm ents in the
industry, excluding only those below the minimum
size at the time of reference of the universe data.

W a g e d a ta
Inform ation on wages relates to straight-tim e
hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Incentive paym ents, such as those resulting
from piecew ork or production bonus system s and
cost-of-living bonuses, were included as part of the
w orkers’ regular pay; but nonproduction bonus
paym ents, such as C hristm as or yearend bonuses,
were excluded.
Average (m ean) hourly rates or earnings for each
occupation or other group of w orkers, such as pro­
duction w orkers, were calculated by weighting each
rate (or hourly earnings), by the num ber of w orkers
receiving the rate, totaling, and dividing by the
num ber of individuals. The hourly earnings of sala­
ried w orkers were obtained by dividing straighttime salary by normal rather than actual hours.
The median designates position; that is, one-half
of the em ployees surveyed receive more than this
rate and one-half receive less. The m iddle range is
defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the em ­
ployees earn less than the lower of these rates and
one-fourth earn more than the higher rate.

E s ta b lis h m e n t d efinition
An establishm ent, for purposes of this study, is
defined as a single physical location where industri­
al operations are perform ed. An establishm ent is
not necessarily identical with the com pany, which
may consist of one or more establishm ents.
E m p lo y m en t
The estim ates of the num ber of w orkers within
scope of the study are intended as a general guide to
the size and com position of the labor force included
in the survey. The advance planning necessary to
make a wage survey requires the use of lists of es­
tablishm ents assem bled considerably in advance of
the payroll period studied.
P ro d u ctio n a n d o fficew o rk ers

S ize of co m m u n ity
The term “ production w o rk ers,” as used in this
bulletin, includes working forem en and all nonsupervisory w orkers engaged in nonoffice functions.
A dm inistrative, executive, professional, and tech ­
nical personnel, and force-account construction
em ployees, who were utilized as a separate work
force on the firm’s own properties, were excluded.
The term “ officeworkers” includes all nonsupervisory office w orkers and excludes adm inistrative,
executive, professional, and technical em ployees.

Tabulations by size of com m unity pertain to m et­
ropolitan and nonm etropolitan areas. The term
“ m etropolitan a re a ,” as used in this bulletin, refers
to the Standard M etropolitan Statistical A reas as
defined by the U .S. Office of M anagem ent and
Budget through January 1968.
E xcept in New E ngland, a Standard M etropolitan
Statistical A rea is defined as a county or group of
contiguous counties which contains at least one city
of 50,000 inhabitants or m ore. C ounties contiguous
to the one containing such a city are included in the
Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea if, according
to certain criteria, they are essentially m etropolitan
in character and are socially and econom ically inte­
grated with the central city. In New England, the
city and tow n are adm inistratively m ore im portant
than the county and they are the units used in defin­
ing Standard M etropolitan Statistical A reas for that
region.

O c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d for s tu d y
The occupational classification was based on a
uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishm ent and interarea varia­
tions in duties within the sam e job. (See appendix B
for these job descriptions.) The occupations w ere
chosen for their num erical im portance, their useful­
ness in collective bargaining, or their representativ­
eness of the entire job scale in the industry. W ork­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners,
trainees, and handicapped, part-tim e, tem porary,
and probationary w orkers were not reported in the
data for selected occupations, but were included in
the data for all production w orkers.




L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts
Separate wage data are presented w here possible,
for establishm ents with (1) a m ajority of the pro­
duction w orkers covered by labor-m anagem ent

48

S u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v isio n s

contracts, and (2) none or a m inority of the produc­
tion w orkers covered by labor-m anagem ent con­
tracts.

Supplem entary benefits were treated statistically
on the basis that if formal provisions were applica­
ble to half or m ore of the production w orkers (or
officeworkers) in an establishm ent, the benefits
were considered applicable to all such w orkers.
Similarly, if few er than one-half of the w orkers
were covered, the benefit was considered nonexis­
tent in the establishm ent. B ecause of length-ofservice and other eligibility requirem ents, the pro­
portion of w orkers receiving the benefits may be
smaller than estim ated.
Paid holidays. Paid holiday provisions relate to
full-day and half-day holidays provided annually.
Paid vacations. The sum m aries of vacation plans
are limited to form al arrangem ents, excluding infor­
mal plans w hereby time off with pay is granted at
the discretion of the em ployer or the supervisor.
Paym ents not on a time basis were converted; for
exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percent of annual earnings
was considered the equivalent of 1 w eek’s pay. The
periods of service for which data are presented
were selected as representative of the m ost com ­
mon practices, but they do not necessarily reflect
individual establishm ent provisions for progres­
sion. For exam ple, the changes in proportions indi­
cated at 10 years of service may include changes
which occurred betw een 5 and 10 years.
H ealth, insurance, and retirem ent plans. Data are
presented for health, insurance, pension and retire­
m ent severance plans for which all or a part of the
cost is borne by the em ployer, excluding only pro­
grams required by law, such as w orkm en’s com pen­
sation and social security. Among the plans includ­
ed are those underw ritten by a com m ercial insur­
ance com pany and those paid directly by the em ­
ployer from his current operating funds or from a
fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life in­
surance. Sickness and accident insurance is limited
to that type of insurance under which predeter­
mined cash paym ents are made directly to the in­
sured on a weekly or m onthly basis during illness or
accident disability. Inform ation is presented for all
such plans to which the em ployer contributes at
least part of the cost. H ow ever, in New York and
New Jersey where tem porary disability insurance
laws require em ployer contributions 1 plans are in-

M ethod of w a g e p a y m e n t
Tabulations by m ethod of wage paym ent relate to
the num ber of w orkers paid under the various time
and incentive wage system s. Form al rate structures
for tim e-rated w orkers provide single rates or a
range of rates for individual job categories. In the
absence of a formal rate structure, pay rates are
determ ined prim arily by the qualifications of the
individual w orker. A single rate structure is one in
which the same rate is paid to all experienced w ork­
ers in the same job classification. L earners, appren­
tices, or probationary w orkers may be paid accord­
ing to rate schedules which start below the single
rate and perm it the w orkers to achieve the full job
rate over a period of time. Individual experienced
w orkers occasionally may be paid above or below
the single rate for special reasons, but such pay­
ments are regarded as exceptions. Range of rate
plans are those in which the minimum and/or m axi­
mum rates paid experienced w orkers for the same
job are specified. Specific rates of individual w ork­
ers within the range may be determ ined by m erit,
length of service, or a com bination of various con­
cepts of m erit and length of service. Incentive
workers are classified under piecew ork or bonus
plans. Piecework is work for which a p redeter­
mined rate is paid for each unit of output. Produc­
tion bonuses are based on production in excess of a
quota or for com pletion of a task in less than stand­
ard time.
M inimum r a te s
Minimum entrance rates presented relate to the
lowest form al rates established for inexperienced
tim e-rated w orkers em ployed as work distributors.
Minimum job rates refer to the low est formal rates
established for experienced tim e-rated w orkers
em ployed as work distributors. Excluded are incen­
tive paid w orkers and hourly-rated learners who
will eventually be on an incentive basis.
S c h e d u le d w eek ly h o u rs
Data on weekly hours refer to the predom inant
work schedule for full-time production (or office)
workers em ployed on the day shift, regardless of
sex.




1
The temporary disability insurance laws in California and
Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.

49

coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical
plans.
Tabulations of retirem ent pensions are limited to
plans which provide, upon retirem ent, regular p ay ­
m ents for the rem ainder of the re tire e’s life. D ata
are presented separately for retirem ent severance
pay (one paym ent or a specified num ber over a peri­
od of time) made to em ployees upon retirem ent.
Establishm ents providing retirem ent severance
paym ents and pensions to em ployees upon retire­
m ent were considered as having both retirem ent
pension and retirem ent severance pay. E stablish­
m ents having optional plans w hich provide em ploy­
ees a choice of either retirem ent severance pay­
m ents or pensions were considered as having only
retirem ent pension benefits.
Paid funeral and ju ry d u ty leave. D ata for paid
funeral and jury duty leave relate to form al provi­
sions for at least partial paym ent for time lost as a
result of attending funerals of certain family m em ­
bers or serving as a juror.

eluded only if the em ployer (1) contributes m ore
than is legally required, or (2) provides the em ploy­
ees with benefits which exceed the requirem ents of
the law.
T abulations of paid sick leave plans are limited to
formal plans which provide full pay or a proportion
of the w orker’s pay during absence from work be­
cause of illness; inform al arrangem ents have been
om itted. Separate tabulations are provided accord­
ing to (1) plans which provide full pay and no w ait­
ing period, and (2) plans providing either partial pay
o r a waiting period.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for
com plete or partial paym ent of d o cto rs’ fees. These
plans may be underw ritten by a com m ercial insur­
ance com pany or a nonprofit organization, or they
may be a form of self-insurance.
M ajor m edical insurance, som etim es referred to
as extended m edical insurance, includes the plans
designed to cover em ployees for sickness or injury
involving an expense which exceeds the norm al




60

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau ’s wage surveys is
to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations w orkers who are em ­
ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangem ents from establish­
m ent to establishm ent and from area to area. This perm its the grouping of occupational
wage rates representing com parable job content. B ecause of this em phasis on interesta­
blishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the B ureau’s job de­
scriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or
those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau’s
field staff is instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, begin­
ners, trainees, and handicapped, part-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

Plant occupations
Trouser Fabrication

Cutting

In sp e c to r, final

C u tter, clo th , m a c h in e

(Exam iner)

O perates or guides the m oving knife or blade of a
powered cutting m achine along a pattern outline to
cut out articles from single or m ultiple layers of fab ­
ric.

Exam ines and inspects com pleted trousers prior
to p r e s s i n g o r s h i p p i n g . . W o r k i n v ­
olves: Determ ining w hether the trousers conform
to shop standards of quality and m arking defects
such as dropped stitches, bad seam s, etc. In addi­
tion, may make minor repairs.
Thread trim m ers who may only casually inspect
garm ents are not included in this classification. In
many shops m anufacturing inexpensive garm ents,
there will be no inspectors falling within this d e­
scription; in those shops w hatever inspection is car­
ried on is usually perform ed by thread trim m ers.

C u tte r a n d m a rk e r, clo th
Arranges patterns on m aterial (other than linings)
and m arks outlines of pattern with chalk and cuts
material by hand or m achine. May assem ble various
parts of garm ent, m atching stripes or plaids where
required; may also spread or lay-up layers of fabric.
M ark er
Arranges patterns on m aterials to be cut and
marks outline with chalk.

P r e s s e r , fin ish , m a c h in e

S p re a d e r

(O ff-presser, over-presser, top-presser)

Spreads (lays-up) multiple layers of cloth
smoothly and evenly on a cutting table by hand or
with the aid of a spreading m achine. C uts each ply
to length from the bolt of m aterial.




Perform s final pressing operations on garm ents or
garm ent parts by m eans of a powered press, m an­
gle, or power press equipped with steam jets.
51

S e w in g -m a c h in e o p e ra to r, tr o u s e r s

Sew on waistband lining—Sews or fells waistband
lining to cloth waistband, or to top of trousers
when there is no separate cloth waistband, on a
plain or special machine.

O perates a standard industrial m achine or a spe­
cial-purpose sewing machine to perform the stitch­
ing involved in making parts of trousers, in joining
various trouser sections together, or in attaching
previously com pleted trouser parts to partially
com pleted garm ents. Exclude w orkers prim arily
perform ing sewing-machine operations on garm ents
other than trousers.
Sewing-machine operators working on trouser
fabrication are to be classified according to the fol­
lowing breakdow ns:

Stitch pockets—Stitches around edge of pocket lin­
ing, after the pockets have been turned, as a rein­
forcing seam.
Other sewing-machine operators, trousers, not else­
where classified.

T h re a d trim m e r a n d b a s tin g p u ller
Trim s loose thread ends and/or rem oves basting
threads of trousers prior to processing.
W orkers who also carefully exam ine and inspect
garm ents are classified as inspectors, final.

Attach crotch pieces—Attaches pieces of lining to
crotch for reinforcement.
Attach pockets—Attaches completed pockets to
trousers.

U n d e rp re s s e r

Attach belt loops—Attaches loops to top and/or
bottom of waistband.

Uses hand iron, m achine iron, or a pow ered press
to press garm ent parts such as pockets, seam s, etc.,
during the fabricating process.

Attach fly—Attaches either/or both right and left
fly to trousers.
Attach waistband—Attaches
around top of trousers.

cloth

waistband

Miscellaneous

Attach zipper—Sews zipper to either/or both left
and right flys.

A d ju ste r

Bartacking—Sews bartacks at various parts of
garment, such as at ends of pocket openings, at the
bottom of fly opening, at top and bottom of belt
loops, and/or buttonhole ends for reinforcement,
on a specially designed sewing machine.

(Sew ing-m achine repairman)
A djusts and repairs sewing m achines used in the
establishm ent. W ork involves m o st o f the fo llo w ­
ing: Exam ines m achines faulty in operation to diag­
nose source of trouble; dism antling or partly dis­
m antling m achines, replacing broken or w orn out
parts or perform ing other repairs, and reassem bling
m achines; adjusting m achines to function efficiently
by turning adjustm ent screws and nuts; regulating
length of stroke of needle and horizontal m ovem ent
feeding m echanism under needle; replacing or re ­
pairing transm ission belts; preparing specifications
for m ajor repairs and initiating orders for replace­
m ent parts; using a variety of handtools in fitting
and replacing parts. May also do adjustm ents on
pressing m achines.

Buttonhole maker—Makes buttonholes by use of a
single or tandem machine.
Hem leg bottoms—Sews hems around bottom of
trouser legs.
Join inseams and outseams—Joins front and back
legs at inner and/or outer seams.
Join seatseams—Joins right and left halves of trou­
sers at center, back or seatseams.
Make loops—Sews loop strips into chain which is
cut later into individual loops.
Make pockets—Makes either complete front, side
or back pockets, or complete pockets exclusive of
sewing facings (piecings) to pocket linings.
Piecing flys—Performs operations for preparing the
fly prior to attaching fly to trousers, exclusive of
zipper sewing.

A s s e m b le r

Piecing pockets—Sews cloth facings to pocket lin­
ings before linings are sewed to the trousers.

(G arm ent bundler, assorter)
G athers garm ent parts after they are cut and as­
sem bles or groups them into bundles or batches for
distribution to sewing units. May m atch pieces by
color, size, and design and place an identifying tick­
et or num ber in each bundle or on each piece.

Serging— Makes covering (or overlocking, over­
casting, or serging) stitch over raw edges of cloth
on a special machine to prevent ravelling.
Sew on buttons—Sews buttons on garments by
machine.




52

W orkers assembling cloth before it is cut, and fo ld ­
ers at the end o f the production process assem bling
com pleted pieces ju s t before packaging, are exclud­
ed.

makes up bills of lading, posting weight and ship­
ping charges. Keeps a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing m erchandise for ship­
ment.

G a rm e n t re p a ire r

S to c k clerk , g a r m e n ts

(M atch-up girl, mender)

Receives com pleted garm ents, stores garm ents
according to size, style, and color; and prepares
garm ents for shipm ent. May also keep records of
garm ents received and prepared for shipm ent.
This classification does not include stockroom
helpers or em ployees who supervise stock clerks
and helpers.

O perates sewing m achine to repair damaged or
defective trousers. Exam ines repair tags and
m atchings on garm ents to locate defects or dam age,
such as irregular stitches and torn or snagged parts.
Cuts and pulls seam threads to rem ove defective or
damaged parts, using scissors or knife. Joins re ­
placem ent parts to finished trousers or resew s
defective seam s. May perform some of repairing
operations by hand.

S to c k clerk , p ie c e g o o d s
Receives bolts of cloth (piece goods) and checks
the receipts against orders; arranges the cloth in
bins or on shelves according to style, quality, and
color; and issues cloth to cutting departm ent ac­
cording to requisitions. May also keep inventory
records of stock and notify the proper official when
cloth is needed; and issue linings and findings such
as buttons, thread, and tape.
This classification does not include stockroom
helpers or em ployees who supervise stock clerks
and helpers.

J a n ito r
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory
working areas and w ashroom s, or prem ises of an
office. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w ­
ing: Sweeping, -mopping or scrubbing, and polish­
ing floors; removing chips, trash , and other refuse;
dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trim mings; providing supplies and
minor m aintenance services; cleaning lavatories,
show ers, and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in
window washing are excluded.

W a tc h m an

Packer

Makes round of prem ises periodically in protect­
ing property against fire, th eft, and illegal entry.

Places finished garm ents in shipping containers.
In addition, may also seal or close container, and/or
place shipping or identification m arks on container.

W ork d istrib u to r
(Bundle boy)

S h ip p in g clerk

Carries or trucks garm ents in various stages of
com pletion to the w orker who is to perform the
next operation on garm ent. M ay exercise som e dis­
cretion in distribution o f w ork, but has no supervi­
sory responsibilities.

Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent. Duties
usually involve a knowledge of shipping procedures
and practices, routes, rates, and available m eans of
transportation. Prepares records of goods shipped,

Office o
<
offices. The work generally involves the use of inde­
pendent judgm ent in tending to a pattern of office
work from day to day, as well as knowledge relating
to phases of office work that occur only occasional­
ly. For exam ple, the range of operations perform ed
may entffil all or som e com bination o f the following:

C lerk, g e n e ra l
Is typically required to perform a variety of office
operations, usually because of im practicability of
specialization in a small office or because versatility
is essential in meeting peak requirem ents in larger




53

Answering correspondence, preparing bills and
invoices, posting to various records, preparing pay­
rolls, filing, etc. May operate various office ma­
chines and type as the work requires.

involve: Calculating w orkers’ earnings based on
time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as
w orker’s nam e, working days, tim e, rate, deduc­
tions for insurance, and total wages due. May m ake
out paychecks and assist paym aster in m aking up
and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculat­
ing m achine.

C lerk, p ay ro ll
C om putes wages of com pany em ployees and en­
ters the necessary d ata on the payroll sheets. Duties




54

In d u s try W a g e S t u d i e s
The most recent reports for industries included in the
Bureau’s program of industry wage surveys since January
1960 are listed below. Copies are available from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Print-

ing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices, and from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C., 20212, or from any of its regional offices shown on the inside back cover.

I. Occupational Wage Studies

Manufacturing
Price
Basic Iron and Steel, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1602......................................................................................................... $0.55
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1732 ............................................................................45
Cigar Manufacturing, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1581 ...............................................................................................................25
Cigarette Manufacturing, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1472.......................................................................................................... 20
Cotton and Man-Made Fiber Textiles, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1637............................................................................. 1.00
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1695 ....................................................................................................50
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1531.......................................................................................................... 30
Flour and Other Grain Mill Products, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1576 .................................................................................... 25
Fluid Milk Industry, 1964. BLS Bulletin 1 4 6 4 .................................................................................................................30
Footwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1634 .................................................................................................................................. 75
Hosiery, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1562 ................................................................................................................................... 70
Industrial Chemicals, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1529 .......................................................................................................
.40
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1626 ................................................................................................. 1.00
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1618............................................................................................... 55
Machinery Manufacturing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1664 ......................................................................................................65
Meat Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1677 .................................................................................................................. 1.00
Men’s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Nightwear, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1659 .............................................65
Men’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 6 .................................................................................... 1.00
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1690 ............................................................................................. 60
Motor Vehicles and Parts, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1679 ........................................................................................................ 75
Nonferrous Foundries, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1726 ............................................................................................................ 50
Paints and Varnishes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1739 ...............................................................................................................60
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 9 ................................................................................. 1.25
Petroleum Refining, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1526 .................................................................................................................30
Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 3 .................................................................................. 50
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1608 .........................................................................................60
Southern Sawmills and Planing Mills, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1694 .................................................................................... 50
Structural Clay Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1697 ........................................................................................................65
Synthetic Fibers, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1740 .....................................................................................................................40
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1965-66. BLS Bulletin 1527....................................................................................
.45




I. Occupational Wage Studies— Continued

Manufacturing— Continued
Price

West Coast Sawmilling, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1 7 0 4 .....................................................................................................$0.45
Women’s and Misses’ Coats and Suits, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1728.................................................................................... 35
Women’s and Misses’ Dresses, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1649 ................................................................................................. 45
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1651 .............................................................. 60
Wool Textiles, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1551............................................................................................................................45
Work Clothing, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1624 . . .....................................................................................................................50
Nonmanufacturing

Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1689 ......................................................................................................50
Banking, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1703 .................................................................................................................................... 65
Bituminous Coal Mining, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1583.......................................................................................................... 50
Communications, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1696 .....................................................................................................................30
Contract Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1644..................................................................................................... 55
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1566 .....................................................................30
Educational Institutions: Nonteaching Employees, 1968—
69. BLS Bulletin 1671..................................................... 50
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1614 ..................................................................................................... 70
Hospitals, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1688 ........................................................................................................................... 1.00
Laundry and Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 1645 .............................................................................................75
Life Insurance, 1966. BLS Bulletin 1569 ......................................................................................................................... 30
Motion Picture Theaters. 1966. BLS Bulletin 1542 ........................................................................................................35
Nursing Homes and Related Facilities, 1967—
68. BLS Bulletin 1 6 3 8 ........................................................................... 75
Scheduled Airlines, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1734 ...................................................................................................................45
Wages and Tips in Restaurants and Hotels, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1 7 1 2 ........................................................................... 60
II. Other Industry Wage Studies
Employee Earnings and Hours in Nonmetropolitan Areas o f the South and N orth Central Regions, 1965.
BLS Bulletin 1552............................................................................................................................................................. 50
Employee Earnings and Hours in Eight M etropolitan Areas o f the South, 1965. BLS Bulletin 1533 .......................40
Employee Earnings and Hours in Retail Trade, June 1966Retail Trade (Overall Summary). BLS Bulletin 1584...................................................................................... 1.00
Building Materials, Hardware, and Farm Equipment Dealers. BLS Bulletin 1584-1 ...........................................30
General Merchandise Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-2 ............................................................................................... 55
Food Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-3 ......................................................................................................................... 60
Automotive Dealers and Gasoline Service Stations. BLS Bulletin 1584-4 ..........................................................50
Apparel and Accessory Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-5 ............................................................................................. 55
Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Household Appliance Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-6 ....................................50
Miscellaneous Retail Stores. BLS Bulletin 1584-7 ................................................................................................. 65




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F FIC E : 1972 O - 484-793 (109)

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
REG IONAL OFFICES

R egion V

R egion I
1 6 0 3 J F K Federal B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B os to n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P hone:

C hicago, III. 6 0 6 0 6
P hone: 3 5 3 - 1 8 8 0 (A re a C ode 3 1 2 )

2 2 3 -6 7 6 2 (A re a C ode 6 1 7 )

R egion II

R egion V I

1 5 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o r k , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
Phone: 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C ode 2 1 2 )
R egion I I I
4 0 6 Penn S quare B u ild in g
1 3 1 7 F ilb e r t S t.
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 1 9 1 0 7
P hone:

8 th F lo o r, 3 0 0 S o u th W ack er D rive

1 1 0 0 C o m m e rc e S t., R m . 6 B 7
D allas, T e x . 7 5 2 0 2
Phone: 7 4 9 - 3 5 1 6 (A re a C ode 2 1 4 )
R egion V I I an d V I I I
Fe deral O ffic e B u ild in g
9 1 1 W a ln u t S t., 1 0 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6

5 9 7 -7 7 9 6 (A re a C ode 2 1 5 )

Region IV

Phone: 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C ode 8 1 6 )
R egion IX an d X

S u ite 5 4 0

4 5 0 G o ld en G a te A ve.

1 3 71 Peachtree S t. N E .

B ox 3 6 0 1 7
San Francisco, C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2

A tla n ta , G a. 3 0 3 0 9
Phone: 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C ode 4 0 4 )




Phone: 5 5 6 - 4 6 7 8 (A re a C ode 4 1 5 )

Regions V I I and V I I I w ill be serviced by Kansas C ity .
Regions IX an d X w ill be serviced b y San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S

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THIRD C L A S S MATT

W A SH IN G T O N . O .C. 20212
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P R IV A T E




U.S. D EP A R TM E N T O F LABOR
USE, $300


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102