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INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY




Industrial Chemicals
NOVEMBER 1965

B u lletin No. 1 5 2 9

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC S
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner




INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY

Industrial Chemicals
NOVEMBER 1965

B u lle tin No. 1 5 2 9
October 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner
For sale b y the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D .C ., 20402 - Price 40 cents




Preface
This bulletin sum m arizes the results of a Bureau
of Labor Statistics survey of wages and supplementary ben­
efits in the industrial ch em icals manufacturing industry in
Novem ber 1965.
Separate re le a se s w ere issued ea rlie r, usually
within a few months of the payroll period studied, for the
following locations: Buffalo, N. Y. ; Charleston, W .V a .—
Ohio; Cleveland, Ohio; Detroit, Mich. ; Los A ngeles—
Long
Beach and Anaheim—
Santa Ana—
Garden G rove, Calif. ; L ou i­
siana; Newark and J ersey City, N. J. ; Philadelphia, P a .—
N. J. ; San F ra n cisco —
Oakland, C a lif.; and the Texas Gulf
Coast.
Copies of these releases are available from the
Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D. C. 20212, or
any of its regional o ffice s.
The study was conducted in the Bureau*s Division
of Occupational Pay, T oivo P. Kanninen, Chief, under the
general direction of L. R. Linsenm ayer, Assistant C om ­
m ission er for Wages and Industrial Relations.
The analy­
sis was prepared by Charles M. O* Connor, under the im ­
mediate supervision of L. E arl Lewis.
Field work for the
survey was directed by the Assistant Regional D irectors
for Wages and Industrial Relations.
Other reports available from the Bureau*s p r o ­
gram of industry wage studies, as well as the addresses
of the Bureau*s six regional o ffice s , are listed at the end
of this bulletin.




iii




Contents
Page
Sum m ary __________________________________________________________________________
Industry c h a r a c te r is tic s ________________________________________________________
P rodu cts ______________________________________________________________________
L ocation _______________________________________________________________________
E stablishm ent size ___________________________________________________________
Union con tra ct co v e ra g e _____________________________________________________
M ethod o f wage paym ent _____________________________________________________
A v e ra g e hourly earnings ________________________________________________________
O ccupational earnings _____
E stablishm ent p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s ________________
Scheduled w eek ly hours and shift p r a c tic e s _________________________________
Paid h olidays _________________________________________________________________
P aid vacations ______________________________________________________
Health, in su ra n ce, and retirem en t plans ______ „____________________________
N onproduction bonuses _______________________________________________________
Other se le c te d benefits ______________________________________________________

1
1
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
5
5
5
5
5
6
6

T ables:
A v e ra g e h ourly earnings:
1. By se le cte d c h a r a c te r is tic s
Earnings distribution:
2. A ll estab lish m en ts ____________________________________________________
3. B a sic ch e m ica ls ______________________________________________________
4. P la stic s m a te ria ls and e la sto m e rs __________________________________
O ccupational a v era ges:
5. A ll estab lish m en ts ____________________________________________________
6. B asic ch e m ica ls __________________________________________
7. P la s tic s m a te ria ls and e la sto m e rs _________________________
8. A ll estab lish m en ts— by size o f com m unity ___________________________
9. A ll estab lish m en ts— by size o f establishm ent ________________________
10. A ll estab lish m en ts— by la b or-m an ag em en t con tra ct co v e ra g e
and siz e o f establish m en t ____________________________________________
O ccu pation al earn in gs: A ll estab lish m ents—
11. B uffalo, N. Y __________________________________________________________
12. C h arleston , W. Va. —
Ohio ____________________________________________
13. C leveland, Ohio _______________________________________________________
14. D etroit, M ich ___,_____________________________________________________
15. L os A n g eles—
Long B each and Anaheim —
Santa A n a Garden G ro v e , C alif _____________ ___________________________________
16. L ouisiana ______________
17. N ew ark and J e r s e y City, N. J
_______ , ______________________________
_
18. P hiladelphia, Pa. — J
N.
____, _______________________________________
_
19. San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif
O
_________________________________
20. Texas Gulf C oast ______________________________________________________




v

8
9
10
11
13
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

Contents— Continued
T ables— Continued

Page

E stablishm ent p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s:
21. M ethod o f w age paym ent ________________________________________________
22. Scheduled w eekly hours _________________________________________________
23. Shift differen tia l p r a c tic e s _____________________________________________
24. Paid h olidays ___________________________ ________________________________
25. P aid vacations ___________________________________________________________
26. Health, in su ra n ce, and retirem en t plans _____________________________
27. N onproduction bonuses _________________________ ________________________
28. Other se le cte d benefits ______________________ ________________ ___ _______

29
29
30
35
36
38
39
39

A ppendixes:
A . Scope and m ethod o f su rvey ____________ ______ ___ _____________________ ___
B. O ccupational d e scrip tio n s ________________________- ________________________

41
47




Industry W age Survey—

Industrial Chemicals, N ovem ber 1965
S u m m a ry
S tr a ig h t-tim e e a rn in g s o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in p lan ts m a n u fa ctu rin g in ­
d u s tria l c h e m ic a ls a v e r a g e d $ 3 .0 4 an h ou r in N o v e m b e r 1965. 1 T h r e e -fo u r t h s
o f the 1 6 8 ,5 1 5 w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by the s u r v e y w e r e in plan ts p r im a r ily e n g a g ed
in p ro d u cin g b a s ic c h e m ic a ls ; they a v e r a g e d $ 3 . 10 an h o u r.
The r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r s w e r e in plan ts m a n u fa ctu rin g p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th etic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lca n iza b le e la s t o m e r s ; they a v e r a g e d $ 2 . 84 an h o u r. The m id d le ran g e
o f e a r n in g s fo r the tota l w o r k f o r c e (v ir tu a lly a ll m en) fe ll b etw een $ 2 .7 5 and
$ 3 .3 8 an h o u r.
R e g io n a lly , a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ra n g ed fr o m $ 2 .6 6 in N ew E n glan d to
$ 3 .2 8 in the S o u th w e st;2 a v e r a g e s in the o th er r e g io n s tabu lated s e p a r a te ly w e r e
c l o s e l y g r o u p e d a rou n d $ 3 an h o u r .
In ea ch o f the th re e r e g io n s p e rm ittin g
c o m p a r is o n s , w o r k e r s in plan ts p r o d u cin g b a s ic in d u s tria l c h e m ic a ls a v e r a g e d
m o r e than w o r k e r s in plan ts m a n u fa ctu rin g p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th etic r e s in s ,
o r n o n v u lca n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s . 3 E a rn in g s a ls o v a r ie d by s iz e o f c o m m u n ity ,
s iz e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t, la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c t c o v e r a g e , and o c cu p a tio n .
P r a c t ic a lly a ll o f the w o r k e r s w e r e in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g paid h o l i ­
d a y s , paid v a c a t io n s , and at le a s t p a r t o f the c o s t o f l if e , h o s p ita liz a tio n , and
s u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e .
In d u stry C h a r a c t e r is t ic s
P rod u cts.
N in e -te n th s o f the 695 e s ta b lis h m e n ts c o v e r e d by the s u r v e y
lim ite d th e ir p r o d u ct io n to b a s ic in d u s tr ia l c h e m ic a ls a n d /o r p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls ,
sy n th etic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s . The re m a in in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w h ich a ls o m a n u fa ctu re d o th e r p r o d u c t s a cco u n te d f o r a p p r o x im a te ly o n e -fift h o f
the tota l w o r k f o r c e . O nly a bou t 4 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s in the su rv e y , h o w ­
e v e r , w e r e e stim a te d to b e a c tu a lly en g a ged in the m a n u fa ctu re o f th ese s e c ­
on d a ry p r o d u c t s .
A lth ou gh m o s t o f th e s e s e c o n d a r y p r o d u c t s w e r e c la s s ifia b le
in the c h e m ic a ls and a llie d p r o d u c t s g ro u p , a fe w w e r e in oth er in d u s tr ie s .
L o c a t io n .
N e a rly f o u r - f if t h s o f the w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by the s u rv e y w e r e
e m p lo y e d in fo u r r e g io n s : The M id d le A tla n tic a cco u n te d fo r n e a r ly th r e e -te n th s
o f the e m p lo y m e n t; the Sou th w est and G re a t L a k es, abou t a fifth ea ch ; and the
B o r d e r Sta tes, an eighth. T w o -t h ir d s o f the w o r k e r s in the M id d le A tla n tic r e ­
g ion w e r e in p lan ts m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic c h e m ic a ls . The c o r r e s p o n d in g p r o p o r ­
tion s in the o th er th re e m a jo r r e g io n s w e r e n e a r ly f o u r - f if t h s ea ch in the B o r d e r
States and G r e a t L a k es and n in e -te n th s in the Southw est. The r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r s in th e se r e g io n s w e r e e m p lo y e d in plan ts c l a s s i f i e d as m a n u fa ctu rin g
p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls .

* See appendix A for scope and method of survey.
^ For definition of regions, see footnote 1, appendix A table.
^ For ease of reading, these two establishment groups will be referred to as "basic chemicals" and "plastics
materials, " respectively, in subsequent discussions.




1

2

T w o -fift h s o f the w o r k f o r c e w e r e e m p lo y e d in the 10 lo c a t io n s 4 o f in d u stry
c o n c e n tr a tio n s e le c t e d f o r se p a r a te stu d y.
Of th ese lo c a t io n s , the T e x a s G u lf
C o a st a r e a a c c o u n te d f o r the la r g e s t n u m b er o f w o r k e r s (1 8 ,2 2 9 ).
The o th e r
lo c a t io n s and the n u m b e rs o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in them w e r e P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —
N .J . (1 0 ,0 9 3 ); C h a r le s to n , W . V a .—O hio (9 ,6 4 7 ); B u ffa lo , N . Y . (8 ,4 2 2 ); L o u i s i ­
ana (8 ,1 0 8 );
C le v e la n d , O hio (5 ,8 4 8 ); N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J . (4 ,3 8 0 );
D e tr o it, M ic h . (3 ,4 0 7 ); L o s A n g e le s —L ong B ea ch and A n a h eim —
Santa Ana— a rd en
G
G r o v e , C a lif. ( 2 ,3 9 0 ); and San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a lif. (1 ,9 8 6 ).
O

M e tr o p o lita n a r e a s 5 a c c o u n te d f o r t w o -th ir d s o f the w o r k f o r c e , n a tio n a lly ,
and fo r a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in e a ch r e g io n stu d ied s e p a r a te ly .

E s ta b lis h m e n t S i z e .
E s ta b lish m e n ts e m p lo y in g at le a s t 500 w o r k e r s a c ­
co u n te d f o r slig h tly m o r e than th r e e -fift h s o f the w o r k f o r c e .
P la n ts o f this
s iz e a c c o u n te d f o r a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in 6 o f the 7 r e g io n s stu d ied s e p a ­
r a te ly ; in the P a c i f ic r e g io n , n in e -te n th s o f the w o r k e r s w e r e in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g fe w e r than 500 w o r k e r s .
The p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e w e re s im ila r in both g ro u p s :
B a s ic
c h e m ic a ls , 64 p e r c e n t ; and p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , 59 p e r c e n t.

U n ion C o n tr a c t C o v e r a g e . E s ta b lish m e n ts w ith c o lle c t i v e b a rg a in in g a g r e e ­
m e n ts c o v e r in g a m a jo r it y o f th e ir p r o d u ctio n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d fo u r -fift h s o f
the w o r k f o r c e . Such e s ta b lis h m e n ts a cco u n te d f o r s lig h tly m o r e than n in e -te n th s
o f the w o r k e r s in the M id d le A tla n tic and Southw est r e g i o n s , n e a r ly s e v e n -e ig h th s
in N ew E n glan d and the G r e a t L a k e s , and about th r e e -fo u r t h s in the B o r d e r
S ta te s, M id d le W e st, and P a c i f ic r e g io n s .
A s in d ica te d in the fo llo w in g ta b ­
u la tio n , union e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c c o u n te d f o r a slig h tly la r g e r p r o p o r t io n o f the
w o r k e r s in m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s than in n o n m e tro p o lita n a r e a s .
T h ey a ls o a c ­
cou n ted f o r a slig h tly la r g e r p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r s in plants w ith 500 w o r k e r s
o r m o r e than in the s m a lle r p la n ts. T h e s e r e la t io n s h ip s , h o w e v e r , v a r ie d s o m e ­
what a m on g the r e g io n s :

Percent of production workers in union plants by size of
community and size of establishment_________
Areas__________________Establishment size

All
establish­
ments

Metro­
politan

Nonmetro­
politan

50-499
workers

500 workers
or more

United States ------ -----

80-84

80-84

75-79

75-79

80-84

New England ----------------- ----Middle Atlantic ------------- ----Border States ----------------- ----Southwest ---------------------- ----Great Lakes ------------------- ----Middle West ----------------- ----Pacific ------------------------- -----

85-89
90-94
70-74
90-94
85 89
70-74
70-74

75-79
90-94
75-79
90-94
85-89
70-74
70-74

-

65-69
85-89
90-94
75-79
80-84
70-74
70-74

90-94
60-64
95+
90-94
70-74

NOTE:

95+
65-69
90-94
90-94
-

_

-

Dashes indicate no data or insufficient data to warrant publication.

4 For definition of these locations, see footnote 1, tables 11— and 17—
15
20.
^ Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the U. S. Bureau of the Budget through March 1965.



3

The p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s in u n ion e s ta b lis h m e n ts w as about 85 p e r c e n t in
b a s ic c h e m ic a ls , c o m p a r e d w ith 75 p e r c e n t in p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls . C o r r e s p o n d in g
p e r c e n t a g e s in the th re e r e g io n s p e r m ittin g c o m p a r is o n s w e r e about 95 and 85
p e r c e n t in the M id d le A t la n tic , 75 and 60 p e r c e n t in the B o r d e r S ta te s, and 90
and 75 p e r c e n t in the G r e a t L a k e s.

N o sin g le union w as p re d o m in a n t in the in d u stry . T h o s e a ffilia te d with the
AFL—
CIO (p r im a r ily the In te rn a tio n a l C h e m ic a l W o r k e r s U nion and the O il, C h e m ­
ic a l and A t o m ic W o r k e r s In te rn a tio n a l Union) r e p r e s e n te d slig h tly m o r e than
t h r e e -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s in union e s ta b lis h m e n ts and the U nited M in e W o r k e r s
o f A m e r i c a (D is t r ic t 50) a c c o u n te d f o r a n oth er o n e -fift h o f th ese w o r k e r s . The
r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r s in su ch e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e r e p r e s e n t e d by n u m e ro u s
oth er u n a ffilia te d u n ion s.

M eth od o f W age P a y m e n t.
N in e t y -fiv e p e r c e n t o f the p r o d u ctio n w o r k e r s
w e re p a id on a t im e - r a t e b a s is (ta b le Z l).
F o r m a l ra te s tr u c tu r e p lan s p r o ­
v id in g s in g le ra te s fo r s p e c if i c jo b c a t e g o r ie s a p p lied to s e v e n -te n th s o f the t im e ra ted w o r k e r s ; ra n g es o f r a te s a p p lie d to n e a r ly a ll o f the r e m a in d e r .
S in g le ­
ra te s y s t e m s w e r e p re d o m in a n t in e a c h r e g io n , although ra te ra n g es a ls o a p p lie d
to s ig n ific a n t p r o p o r t io n s o f the w o r k e r s . In cen tiv e pay s y s t e m s , m o s tly g ro u p
b o n u s e s , a p p lie d to 5 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s .

A v e r a g e H ou rly E a rn in g s
S tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f the 168, 515 p r o d u ctio n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
c o v e r e d b y the study a v e r a g e d $ 3 . 04 in N o v e m b e r 1965 (ta b le l ) . 6 T h is w as
47 p e r c e n t a b o v e the a v e r a g e r e c o r d e d in A u g u st 1955. 7 R e g io n a l a v e r a g e s , ea ch
having in c r e a s e d by a p p r o x im a te ly the sa m e p e r c e n ta g e , ra n g e d fr o m $2. 66 in
New E ngland to $ 3 .2 8 in the Southw est; a v e r a g e s in the oth er fiv e r e g io n s ta b ­
u lated s e p a r a te ly w e r e c l o s e l y g ro u p e d arou n d $3 an h ou r.
A m o n g the 10 lo c a t io n s fo r w h ich data a re show n in ta b le s 11—20, a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s ra n g e d fr o m $ 2. 86 in L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h eim —
Santa Ana—G a rd en G r o v e to $ 3 .4 5 in the T e x a s G u lf C o a st.
Id e n tica l a v e r a g e s
($ 2 .9 6 ) w e r e r e c o r d e d f o r w o r k e r s in B u ffa lo , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity, and
P h ila d e lp h ia . A v e r a g e s in the o th e r lo c a tio n s w e r e :
$ 3 .3 1 an h ou r in D e tr o it,
$ 3 .2 9 in C h a r le s to n (W . V a .—O h io ), $ 3 .2 4 in San F r a n c i s c o — akland, $ 3 .1 9 in
O
L o u is ia n a , and $ 3 . 12 in C le v e la n d .

^ The straight-time average hourly earnings in this bulletin differ in concept from the gross average hourly
earnings published in the Bureau's monthly hours and earnings series. Unlike the latter, the estimates presented here
exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Average earnings were c a l­
culated by summing individual hourly earnings and dividing by the number of individuals; in the monthly series, the
sum of the man-hour totals reported by establishments in the industry was divided into the reported payroll totals.
Thus, the average published in this bulletin for the plastics materials industry (SIC 2821) is not comparable with the
average ($3.05 in November 1965) provided in the monthly series.
The estimate of the number of production workers within scope of the study (see appendix A) is intended only
as a general guide to the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The number published
in this bulletin for the plastics materials industry differs from the number reported in the monthly series (55. 9 thousand
in November 1965) by the exclusion of establishments employing fewer than 50 workers; and by the fact that the ad­
vance planning necessary to make the survey required the use of lists of establishments assembled considerably in ad­
vance of data collection. Thus, establishments new to the industry are omitted, as are establishments originally
classified in the industry, but found to be in others at the time of the survey. Also omitted are establishments manu­
facturing plastics materials, synthetic resins, or nonvulcanizable elastomers but classified incorrectly in other industries
at the time the lists were compiled.
7 Wage Structure: Industrial Chemicals, August 1955 (BLS Report No. 103).



4

E a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s a v e r a g e d m o r e than th o s e o f
w o r k e r s in s m a lle r c o m m u n itie s in 4 o f the 5 r e g io n s fo r w h ich c o m p a r is o n s
c o u ld be m a d e . R e g io n a l a v e r a g e s f o r w o r k e r s in plants e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s
o r m o r e w e r e c o n s is t e n t ly h ig h e r than in s m a lle r p la n ts.
R e g io n a l e a rn in g s
r e la tio n s h ip s b etw e e n u nion and nonunion p la n ts, h o w e v e r , w e r e m ix e d .
In the
M id d le A tla n tic , G r e a t L a k e s , and M id d le W est r e g io n s , e a rn in g s in plants h aving
union c o n t r a c t s c o v e r in g a m a jo r it y o f th e ir p ro d u ctio n w o r k e r s a v e r a g e d m o r e
than th o se in plan ts not having su ch c o n tr a c ts ; the r e v e r s e re la tio n s h ip w as
r e c o r d e d in the B o r d e r S ta tes, S ou th w est, and P a c i f ic r e g io n s .
B e c a u s e o f the
in t e r r e la t io n s h ip o f th e se and o th e r fa c t o r s , the e x a ct in flu e n ce on e a rn in g s o f
any one c h a r a c t e r is t ic ca n n ot be d e te rm in e d in a study su ch as th is.
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic c h e m ic a ls a v e r ­
a g e d $ 3 . 10 an h ou r— 26 ce n ts m o r e than th ose in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily m a n u ­
fa c tu r in g p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls . T h is w age advantage am ou n ted to 10 c e n ts an h ou r
in the M id d le A tla n tic r e g io n , 12 ce n ts in the B o r d e r S ta tes, and 28 ce n ts in
the G r e a t L a k e s , the o n ly r e g io n s w h e re c o m p a r is o n s w e r e p o s s ib le .
E a rn in g s o f the m id d le h a lf o f the w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by the study fe ll b e ­
tw een $ 2 . 75 and $ 3 . 3 8 an h ou r (table 2).
T w o p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s e a rn e d
l e s s than $ 2 an h o u r, 12 p e r c e n t e a rn e d l e s s than $ 2 .5 0 , and 18 p e r c e n t e a rn e d
$ 3 .5 0 o r m o r e . In b a s ic c h e m ic a ls , the m id d le ran g e o f e a rn in g s w as $ 2 .8 0 to
$ 3 .4 6 an h o u r; in p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , the m id d le ran ge w as $ 2 . 61 to $ 3 . 12 (ta b le s
3 and 4 ).
P r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s earn in g le s s than s p e c ifie d am ou n ts v a r ie d
by r e g io n .
O ccu p a tio n a l E a rn in g s
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s 8 and h e lp e r s as a g ro u p co n stitu te d n e a r ly o n e -t h ir d
o f the in d u s t r y 's w o r k f o r c e .
C la ss A o p e r a t o r s a v e r a g e d $ 3 .2 7 an h o u r,
20 ce n ts m o r e than the a v e r a g e f o r c la s s B o p e r a t o r s w ho u su a lly w o r k at an
a s s ig n e d p o s it io n and r e q u ir e s o m e g u id an ce in th e ir w o rk (ta b le 5).
C h e m ic a l
o p e r a t o r s ' h e lp e r s a v e r a g e d $ 2 .7 1 an h ou r.
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce m e n a c co u n te d f o r o n e -fift h o f the w o r k f o r c e and a v ­
e r a g e d $ 3 .4 1 an h o u r .
O f the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied s e p a r a te ly w ith in th is g ro u p ,
in stru m e n t r e p a ir m e n w e r e the h ig h e s t paid ( $ 3 .5 1 ) ; g e n e r a l m e c h a n ic s 9 w e r e
n u m e r ic a lly m o s t im p o rta n t and a v e r a g e d $ 3 .2 7 .
L o w e s t h o u rly a v e r a g e s w e r e
r e c o r d e d f o r ja n it o r s ( $ 2 .6 0 ) and m a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s ( $ 2 .6 1 ) .
N a tion w id e , o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w e r e c o n s is te n tly h ig h e r in b a s ic c h e m i­
c a ls than in p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls (ta b le s 6 and 7). R e g io n a lly , h o w e v e r , this r e ­
la tio n s h ip w as r e v e r s e d in s e v e r a l in s ta n c e s .
O ccu p a tio n a l data w e r e a ls o tabu lated by s iz e o f c o m m u n ity (ta b le 8), s iz e
o f e sta b lis h m e n t (ta b le 9), and la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n tr a c t c o v e r a g e (table 10).
In e a ch o f the fo u r m a jo r r e g io n s , o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w e r e g e n e r a lly h ig h e r
in plan ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e than in th ose w ith fe w e r w o r k e r s .
G e n e r a l p a tte rn s o f e a r n in g s r e la tio n s h ip s b etw een m e tr o p o lita n and n o n m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a s and b e tw een union and nonunion p la n ts, v a r ie d am ong th e se r e g io n s .
In 9 o f the 10 lo c a t io n s stu d ied s e p a r a te ly , e a rn in g s fo r a m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s in m o s t o f the jo b s show n w e r e w ithin 10- o r 2 0 -c e n t w age in te r v a ls

8 The term "chem ical operator, " for purposes of this survey, includes workers who may be designated by
individual establishments according to the type of employment or system controlled, substance processed, product
manufactured, or reaction produced. See page 49 for a more complete definition.
9 This category includes workers who perform the work of two or more maintenance trades rather than special­
izing in only one trade or type of maintenance work.



5

(ta b le s 11 to 20).
D e sp ite th is c lu s t e r in g , h o u rly e a rn in g s o f the h ig h est paid
w o r k e r s in s e v e r a l in s ta n c e s e x c e e d e d th o se o f the lo w e s t p aid w o r k e r in the
sa m e jo b and lo c a tio n b y $ 1 o r m o r e .
T h u s, so m e w o r k e r s in r e la t iv e ly low
p aid jo b s (a s m e a s u r e d by the a v e r a g e f o r a ll w o r k e r s ) e a rn e d m o r e than s o m e
w o r k e r s in jo b s f o r w h ich s ig n ific a n tly h ig h e r a v e r a g e s w e r e r e c o r d e d .
E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
Data w e r e a ls o ob ta in ed on w o r k s c h e d u le s , shift d iffe r e n t ia ls , and s e ­
le c te d s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fit s , in clu d in g paid h o lid a y s , paid v a c a t io n s , r e t i r e ­
m en t p la n s, life in s u r a n c e , s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , h o s p ita liz a tio n , and
s u r g ic a l b e n e fit s .
S ch e d u le d W e e k ly H ou rs and Shift P r a c t i c e s .
W ork s c h e d u le s o f 40 h o u r s
a w e e k w e r e p r e d o m in a n t in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 85 p e r c e n t o f the p r o ­
d u ction w o r k e r s in N o v e m b e r 1965 (ta b le 22).
Such s c h e d u le s w e r e in e ffe c t
f o r at le a s t s e v e n -e ig h t h s o f the w o r k e r s in 5 o f the 7 r e g io n s stu d ied s e p a r a te ly .
In the B o r d e r S ta tes and M id d le A tla n tic r e g io n s , lo n g e r w e e k ly w o r k s c h e d u le s
a p p lie d to n e a r ly t w o -fift h s and o n e -fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s , r e s p e c t iv e ly .
N e a r ly o n e -h a lf o f the w o r k e r s w e r e a s s ig n e d to ro ta tin g s h ifts , u su a lly
w o rk in g on d a y , e v e n in g , and night s c h e d u le s d u rin g s u c c e s s iv e w e e k s (ta b le 23).
V ir tu a lly a ll r o t a t in g -s h ift w o r k e r s r e c e iv e d d iffe r e n tia l pay o v e r e s ta b lis h e d day
r a t e s w hen e m p lo y e d on the ev en in g o r night sh ifts . 1
0 The am ount o f the shift
d iffe r e n t ia ls v a r ie d c o n s id e r a b ly a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , but m o s t c o m m o n ly the
ra n g e w a s 8 to 10 c e n ts an h ou r fo r ev en in g s c h e d u le s and 15 to 18 c e n ts an
h ou r f o r night s c h e d u le s .
Only 6 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s w e r e e m p lo y e d on fix e d
e x tr a s h ifts ; m an y o f th e se w e r e m a in te n a n ce w o r k e r s .
P a id H o lid a y s . A ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id e d paid h o lid a y s a n n u ally . S ligh tly
m o r e than o n e - h a lf and o n e -fo u r t h o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e d 8 and 9 d a y s , r e ­
s p e c t iv e ly (ta b le 24).
A t le a st 8 paid h o lid a y s w e r e p r o v id e d to m o r e than n in e ten th s o f the w o r k e r s in the N ew E n gland, M iddle A tla n tic , B o r d e r S ta tes, and
P a c i f ic r e g io n s , c o m p a r e d w ith a p p r o x im a te ly f o u r -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s in the
S ou th w est, G rea t L a k e s , and M id d le W est.
O nly in the New E n glan d and M id d le
A tla n tic r e g io n s w e r e a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s p r o v id e d 9 d a y s o r m o r e .
P a id V a c a t io n s .
P a id v a c a t io n s , a fte r q u a lify in g p e r io d s o f s e r v i c e , w e r e
p r o v id e d to v ir t u a lly a ll o f the p r o d u ctio n w o r k e r s (ta b le 25).
T y p ic a l v a c a tio n
p r o v is io n s w e r e 1 week* s pay a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e , 2 w e e k s a fte r 2 y e a r s ,
3 w e e k s a fte r 10 y e a r s , and 4 w e e k s a fte r 20 y e a r s .
The p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g th e s e p r o v is io n s v a r ie d by r e g io n ; f o r e x a m p le , p lan ts
p r o v id in g at le a s t 3 w e e k s 1 pay a fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e e m p lo y e d n e a r ly t w o th ir d s o f the w o r k e r s in the G re a t L a k e s r e g io n , c o m p a r e d w ith slig h tly m o r e
than fo u r - f if t h s in the Southw est and n in e -te n th s in the M id d le A tla n tic and B o r ­
d e r S ta tes.
H ea lth , In s u ra n c e , and R e tir e m e n t P la n s . L ife , h o s p ita liz a tio n , and s u r g i­
c a l in s u r a n c e w e r e a v a ila b le to a lm o s t a ll o f the w o r k e r s (ta b le 2 6).
M e d ic a l
in s u r a n c e and s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce a p p lie d to n e a r ly n in e -te n th s ;
a c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e , to s lig h tly m o r e than o n e -h a lf;
and ca ta s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e , to s lig h tly l e s s than o n e -h a lf.
A ll o r at le a s t p a rt

10
Approximately 10 percent of the establishments covered by the study provided "around the clock" differentials
for rotating shift work. In most of these establishments, all workers on rotating shifts received the same differen­
tial regardless of the shift; in the remainder, the differential varied according to the shift, with the lowest amount
for day schedules and the highest for night schedules.



6

o f the c o s t o f a ll th e s e pla n s w e r e paid by the e m p lo y e r .
T y p ic a lly , h o w e v e r ,
the e m p lo y e r paid the to ta l c o s t s .
E x ce p t fo r l ife , h o s p ita liz a tio n , and s u r g ic a l
in s u r a n c e , the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by h ealth and in s u ra n ce plan s
v a r ie d su b sta n tia lly a m on g the r e g io n s .

P e n s io n p la n s, p r o v id in g r e g u la r p a y m en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the r e ­
t i r e e 1 s life (in a d d itio n to F e d e r a l s o c ia l s e c u r ity b e n e fit s ), w e r e p r o v id e d by
e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 94 p e r c e n t o f the in d u s tr y 1 s w o r k f o r c e .
Such p la n s,
in m o s t c a s e s fin a n c e d w h o lly by the e m p lo y e r , a p p lie d to at le a s t n in e -te n th s
o f the w o r k e r s in a ll but the N ew E ngland and P a c i f ic r e g io n s .
P r o v is io n s f o r
lu m p -s u m p a y m e n ts at r e t ir e m e n t w e r e r a r e ly r e c o r d e d .

N o n p ro d u ctio n B o n u s e s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s , u s u a lly paid at C h r is tm a s
o r y e a r e n d , w e r e p r o v id e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 15 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s (ta b le 27).
The p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s in su ch e s ta b lis h m e n ts ra n g ed fr o m
l e s s than 5 p e r c e n t in the B o r d e r States and M id d le W est to 24 p e r c e n t in the
M id d le A tla n tic and 31 p e r c e n t in the P a c ific r e g io n .

O th er S e le c te d B e n e fit s .
P a y p r o v is io n s f o r fu n e r a l le a v e and ju r y duty
le a v e e a ch a p p lie d to s lig h tly m o r e than n in e -te n th s o f the w o r k e r s (ta b le 28).
S e v e r a n c e p a y , p r o v id e d to e m p lo y e e s p e rm a n e n tly s e p a r a te d fr o m the co m p a n y
th rou g h no fau lt o f th e ir ow n, w as a v a ila b le in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having tw o -fifth s
o f the w o r k f o r c e ; the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d in the fo u r m a jo r r e g io n s
ra n g e d f r o m o n e -fift h in the G re a t L a k e s to t h r e e -fift h s in the M id d le A tla n tic.
S u p plem en ta l u n e m p lo y m e n t b e n e fits , on the o th e r hand, w e r e a v a ila b le to le s s
than o n e -te n th o f the w o r k e r s , about o n e -h a lf o f w hom w e r e in the Southw est.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts fo r m a lly p r o v id in g p r o t e c t iv e g a rm e n ts a n d /o r m o n e ta r y
a llo w a n c e s f o r su ch g a r m e n ts to a m a jo r it y o f th e ir w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d o n e -h a lf
the w o r k f o r c e .
R e g io n a lly , the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s in such e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w e r e slig h tly m o r e than o n e -fo u r t h in the B o r d e r S tates and S ou th w est, o n e -h a lf
in the G re a t L a k e s and P a c i f ic , a lm o s t t w o -t h ir d s in the M id d le A tla n tic and
M id d le W e st, and n e a r ly t h r e e -fo u r t h s in N ew E ngland.

P r o v is io n s f o r p e r io d ic c o s t - o f - l i v i n g pay a d ju stm e n ts (b a s e d on the B u ­
r e a u 1 s C o n su m e r P r i c e Index) w e r e found in e s ta b lis h m e n ts a cco u n tin g fo r an
eigh th o f the in d u stry *s e m p lo y m e n t.
T w o -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s in the G rea t
L a k e s w e r e in e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith th e s e p r o v is io n s , c o m p a r e d w ith about o n e tenth o f the w o r k e r s in the M id d le A tla n tic and B o r d e r S ta te s, the on ly oth e r
r e g io n s w h e re c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a d ju stm e n ts w e r e r e c o r d e d .




Table 1. Average Hourly Earnings:

By Selected Characteristics

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s b y s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ,
U n ited S ta tes and s e le c t e d r e g i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)

Item

N ew
B order
U nited
M id d le
G reat
k id d le
S ou th w est
P a c if i c
E ngland
Sta tes
S tates 2
A tla n t ic
L akes
W e st
N um ber A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e
h o u r ly
of
of
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s

A l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s ---------------------------------------------

168, 515

$3. 04

6 , 931

$ 2 . 66

47, 326

$ 2 .9 7

I n d u s try :
B a s i c c h e m i c a ls -------------------------------- *--------------------P l a s t i c s m a t e r ia ls and e la s t o m e r s —-------------------

128, 220
40, 295

3. 10
2. 84

2, 510

2 . 81

31, 293
16, 033

S iz e o f c o m m u n it y :
M e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s 3 -----------------------------------------------N o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s --------------------------------------------

110, 959
57, 556

3. 08
2 . 96

4, 290

S iz e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t :
50—499 w o r k e r s -----‘--------------------------------------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------------------- ---------------------

62, 605
105, 910

2 . 81

3, 198

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t co n tr a c ts :
E s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith —
M a jo r it y o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ---------------------------N on e o r m in o r it y o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ------------

1 3 6 ,6 2 5
3 1 ,8 9 0

3. 04
3. 02

2 . 61

22, 314

$3. 05

31, 800

$3. 28

30, 150

$3. 04

7, 529

$3. 03

6, 383

$3. 08

17, 207
5, 107

3. 07
2 .9 5

29 , 286

3. 30

23, 707
6 , 443

3. 10
2 . 82

6 , 125

3. 05

4 ,9 1 5

3. 15

2 . 90

36, 523
10, 803

2 . 99
2 . 90

13, 792
8 , 522

3. 16
2. 85

2 2 , 409

3. 39
3. 02

15, 986
14, 164

3. 02
3. 07

5, 482
2, 047

3. 13
2. 78

6 , 115

3. 07

9, 391

18, 751
28, 575

2. 78
3. 09

7, 193
15, 121

2. 87
3. 13

7, 047
2 4,'7 5 3

3. 09
3. 34

10, 884
1 9 , 266

2 . 80

2, 359
5, 170

2. 83
3. 12

5, 781

3. 07

3. 18

43, 142
4, 184

2. 97
2 . 92

16, 261
6 , 053

2. 98
3. 23

29, 431
2 , 369

3. 28
3. 33

25, 779
4, 371

3. 07
2 . 86

5, 498
2, 031

3. 12
2 . 79

4, 742
1, 641

3. 04
3. 18

3. 00

t

2 . 39

3. 17

5, 866

2. 72

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
2 In c lu d e s data f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S ta tis t ic a l A r e a s a s d e fin e d by the U. S. B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t th rou g h M a r c h 1965.
NOTE:




D a s h e s in d ic a t e no data r e p o r t e d o r data that do n ot m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r it e r ia .

Table 2.

Earnings Distribution:

All Establishments

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and
p l a s t ic s m a te r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s , and e la s t o m e r s b y a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U n ited S ta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1
U n der $ 1 . 5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 50
$ 1 . 60
$ 1. 70
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 . 90
$ 2.
$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

and
an d
and
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
unde r
u n d er

$ 1. 60
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1. 80
$ 1 .9 0
$ 2 . 00

0. 1

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.
.
.
.
.

00 and u n d er $ 2 . 10 ---------------------------------------------------10 and u n d er $ 2 . 20 ----------------------------------------------------

.
1.
1.
2.
3.

20 and u n d er $ 2 . 30 ---------------------------------------------------30 and u n d er $ 2 . 40 ---------------------------------------------------40 and u n d er $ 2 . 50 ----------------------------------------------------

$ 2 . 50
$ 2 . 60
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 . 80
$ 2. 90

and
and
and
and
an d

u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er

$ 2 .6 0
$ 2 .7 0
$ 2 . 80
$ 2 . 90
$ 3. 00

$ 3 . 00
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 . 20
$ 3. 30
$ 3. 40

and
and
an d
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er

$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.

and
an d
and
and
90 and

u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er

$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.
$4.

$3.
$3.
$3.
$ 3.
$3.

U nited
S ta tes 1
2

50
60
70
80

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.
5.
6.
7.
7.

3

2
2
5
7
9
7
7

8
2
1
3

8
2

8

10 ----------------------------------------------------

8. 5

20
30
40
50

9.
8.
6.
5.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60
70
80
90

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------00 ----------------------------------------------------

1
3
9
3

N ew
E ng lan d

----------MT3dTe--------A tla n t ic

0. 3

( 3)

2

(* )
( 3)
( 3)
0. 2
. 3

.
.
.
.
2.
3.
6.
4.
5.
9.

4
3
7

0
6
3
0
2

2

11. 8
7.
8.
10 .
9.

9

4.
7.
4.
1.
.

8

.
.
.
.
.

5. 9

6. 7
2. 9
1. 7
.9

2
9

2
0
2

0
8
6
4
4
2
2

-

( 3)

_
-

( 3)
0. 5
. 1
. 6

.
.
.
.
.

( 3)

0. 1
1. 6

9
7

3

3.
3.
4.
2.

4.
6.
10 .
10.
11.

9
4

2. 8
6. 4

1

5. 3
5. 5
5. 7

3
7

10 . 9
9. 8
7. 3
3. 8
2. 2
3.
.
.
4.
1.

3
9

8
5
4

r ir e a t
L a k es

0. 1

.
1.
1.
2.
4.

6
6

S ou th w est

1
7

6
4

5. 3

8. 3
8. 8
7 .9
5. 7
14.
7.
.
.
.

2
1
5
4

1

_

1

. 1

5
9

( 3)
( 3)

0. 1
. 2
.8

7

2
0
9
4
1
4

10.
11.
11.
11.
6.

7. 8
22. 1
9. 6

5.
3.
2.
.
.

4.
4.
6.
7.
8.

9
4
3
1

8

1. 5
2. 3

-

5

3.
5.
5.
7.
5.

3.
3.
3.
4.
4.

6
1
6

-

0. 1

4
5

4

P a c if i c

2

.
.
1.
2.
3.

.
.
1.
1.
1.

M id d le
W e st

0
6
1

8
8
0

8
7
3

1
1
7
1
2

0
2
2

.
1.
2.
2.
1.

2
0
3

2
8

. 4

2. 0
. 4
3. 8
1. 9

2. 1
6. 1
10 . 8
4. 6
6. 2

2. 2
2. 8
8. 1

14. 5
11. 7
14. 9
4. 9
9 .5

10 . 6
11. 0
10 . 9

5 .9
. 5
.2
. 1
.2

3. 3
7. 7
. 8
. 4
( 3)

3. 7
9. 7

9. 4
9. 6

T .t a l
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 ------------------------------------------------

.2

.2

. 1

. 3

.2

. 3

. 1

. 3

10 0 . 0

$ 4 . 00 and o v e r -------------------------------------------------------------------

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

1 6 8 ,5 1 5
$ 3 . 04

6 , 931
$ 2 . 66

47, 326
$ 2 . 97

22, 314
$ 3 . 05

31, 800
$ 3 . 28

30, 150
$ 3 . 04

7, 529
$ 3 . 03

6 , 383
$ 3 . 08

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 I n clu d e s data f o r r e g i o n s in a d d it io n to th o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B order
S tates

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y n ot eq u a l 100.

Tabic 3.

Earnings Distribution:

Basic Chemicals

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s )
b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , 1 U nited S ta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1
U n der $ 1 . 50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 50
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0
$ 2.
$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 . 80
$ 1 .9 0
$ 2 . 00

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

00 and u n d e r $ 2 . 10 --------------------------------------------------10 a n d u n d e r $ 2 . 20 --------------------------------------------------20 and u n d e r $ 2 . 3 0 --------------------------------------------------30 and u n d e r $ 2 . 40 --------------------------------------------------40 an d u n d e r $ 2 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------50
60
70
80

u n d er
under
under
under
under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$3.

U nited
States 2

N ew
E ngland

0. 2

-

( 3)
( 3)
. 2
. 4
. 5
.
1.
1.
2.
2.

7
5

6
9

6

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

and
and
and
and
90 and

60 ---------------------------- ---------------------70 --------------------------------------------------80 --------------------------------------------------9 0 --------------------------------------------------00 ---------------------------------------------------

3.
4.
5.
6.
6.

$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.

00 and u n d e r $ 3 . 10 --------------------------------------------------10 an d u n d e r $ 3 . 20 ---------------------------------------------------

8.
9.
9.
7.
5.

7
1
4

$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.

50
60
70
80
90

7.
8.
3.
2.

1
3
4
3

20 and u n d e r $ 3 . 3 0 --------------------------------------------------30 and u n d er $ 3 . 40 --------------------------------------------------40 and u n d e r $ 3 . 50 --------------------------------------------------and
and
and
and
and

under
u n d er
u n d er
under
under

$3.
$3.
$3.
$3.
$ 4.

60
70
80
90
00

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7
5
9

1
7

0

8

1. 2

M id d le
A tla n tic
( 3)

0. 6
1. 2

( 3)
( 3)
0. 1
. 2
. 2

4. 0
4 .9
4. 1
5. 3
4. 0

.
1.
1.
2.
4.

8. 8
10 . 8
8. 8
6. 4

4.
6.
10 .
9.
9.

7.
9.
9.
2.
2.

10.
11.
6.
4.
1.

( 3)

4. 9

1.
1.
1.
.
.

5

6
3
4

1
4

1
2
7
4

3.
1.
1.
6.
2.

6
5
9

8
2
7

0
0
3
7
4

2
8
1
9
2
3

0
8
0

B order
S ta tes

S ou th w est

-

( 3)

_
_

G reat
L akes

M id d le
W e st

P a c ifi c

0. 1

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

( 3)

( 3)

0. 1
2. 1
3. 8

0. 5
. 1
. 6

3. 4
4. 6
2. 5

.
.
.
1.
1.

6
6
8

2.
7.
4.
3.
3.

6

8

3.
3.
3.
5.
4.

4. 6
5. 8
11. 2
6. 1
6. 0

3.
5.
6.
6.
8.

7
0
3

17.
9.
.
.
.

4
4
1
5

6
1
7
5

1

4
3

2
0
0
2

0
8

8. 2
23.
9.
1.
2.

0
7
7
5

j
.
.
.
.

1
1
2
3

-

.
.
.
2.
2.

3
4

0. 2

8
8

2. 8

1. 3

3

2. 7
2. 1

3.
3.
5.
6.
6.

0
2
7
5
3

6. 0
5. 6
5. 6

10.
12.
12 .
12 .
7.

7
4

1
9
4

6. 1
3. 4

2. 1
. 3
. 3

2. 5
5. 1

11. 9
14. 3
17. 4
6. 0
8. 0
7.
.
.
.

3

6
2

1

. 2

f 3)
( 3)
3. 6
. 9
2.
1.
7.
3.
8.

3

8
7

6
1

10 . 8
11.
11.
11.
11.

7
3
4
7

3. 9
9. 7
. 8
. 4
( 3)
_

$ 4 . 00 and o v e r ------------------------------------------------------------------

. 2

. 6

. 1

. 4

. 2

. 4

. 1

T o t a l -------------------------------------------------------------------------

100 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 ---------------- ■

128, 220
$3. 10

2, 510
$ 2 . 81

31, 293
$ 3 . 00

17, 207
$ 3 . 07

29 , 286

23, 707
$ 3 . 10

6 , 125
$ 3 . 05

4, 915
$ 3 . 15

$ 3 . 30

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 In c lu d e s da ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:




B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g ,

su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n ot eq u a l 100.

(0




Table 4.

Earnings Distribution:

Plastics Materials and Elastomers

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts m a n u fa ctu rin g p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s
b y a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s ,1 U n ited S ta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
U n ited S ta tes 2

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r Sta tes

U n d e r $ 1 . 5 0 ...... .................................................................................

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1

0. 1

-

-

0. 1

1 .0
.8

_

0. 1

_
_

-

-

.5
1 .9
.2

.3
.3

-

1.8

-

3 .4

$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1. 70
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 6 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 1. 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 8 0 ---------- -----------------------------------------$ 1 . 9 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------

$ 2 . 00
$ 2 .1 0
$ 2. 20
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2. 40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 1 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 2 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 3 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 2. 4 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 2. 5 0 ----------------------------------------------------

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$3.

6 0 ---------------------------------------------------7 0 ---------------------------------------------------8 0 ---------------------------------------------------9 0 ---------------------------------------------------0 0 ----------------------------------------------------

5.
8.
9.
10.
11.

6
0

5. 4
7. 1

7
5

10 . 2
12 . 0

1

$ 3 . 00
$ 3 .1 0
$ 3 . 20
$ 3 .3 0
$ 3. 40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 . 1 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 3 . 2 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 3 . 3 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 3 . 4 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 3 . 5 0 ----------------------------------------------------

9.
7.
5.
5.
3.

9
3

$3.
$3.
$ 3.
$3.
$ 3.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 . 6 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 3 . 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 3 . 8 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 3 . 9 0 ---------------------------------------------------$ 4 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------

2. 2

50
60
70
80
90

.3
1. 1
1. 5
1. 4
2. 3

2. 1
2. 7
5. 4

8
3
4

1. 4

1. 0
. 1
(3 )

1.
1.
1.
2.
4.

5
9

1
1
5

0.
.
4.
4.
2.

2
6
6
7
3

G r e a t L a k es

.9
.9

1. 6
2. 0
6. 0

15. 5

3. 9
3. 2
9. 7
1 1 .9
12 . 0

6.
15.
6.
9.
4.

1 1 .9
7. 1
8. 2
3. 2
2. 8

7.
16.
.
13.
4.

10 . 6

3.
.
.
.
.

5
7

6
9
9

5
3
5

2 .9
.3
_

1
1

(3 )
. 1

7.
7.
4.
4.

6
5

1
0
2

1
2
5
3

1 .4
2. 5
1. 6
(3 )
(3 )

$ 4 . 00 and o v e r ------------- •
----------------------------------------------------

. 1

. 1

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------------

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 .0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 -----------------------------------------------

40, 295
$ 2 .8 4

16, 033
$ 2 . 90

5, 107
$ 2 . 95

6 ,4 4 3
$ 2 . 82

1
2
3

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
I n clu d e s da ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d ition to th o s e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g , su m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y n ot eq u a l 100.

(3 )

-

Table 5.

Occupational Averages:

All Establishments

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s ,
U n ited S ta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g io n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
U nited S ta te s 2
D e p a r tm e n t an d o c c u p a t io n

N ew E ng lan d

H ou rly e a rn in g s
N u m ber
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M ea n 3 M e d ia n 3
range3

M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 4 -------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------I n s tr u m e n t r e p a i r m e n ------------------------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l ----------------------------------P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------------

33,
3,
2,
2,
7,
5,
2,

250
405
416
700
678
012
339

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

41
43
51
49
27
46
79

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

47
50
57
57
29
51
83

$3,
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A (1 5 w o m e n )----C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ---------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s (38 w o m e n )----C o m p r e s s o r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------F i l l e r s (7 3 w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------M i l l e r s -------------------■------------------------------------------M i x e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------P u m p m e n ------------------------------------------------------------

22, 670
21, 708
10 , 228
567
2 , 639
1 , 018
1, 275
1, 439

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
3.

27
07
71
24
76
76
74
11

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
3.

26
08
76
20
82
80
80
16

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

0587501050483393-

5, 597
1, 275
1 ,9 7 2
440
1 , 066
2, 245

2 . 61
3. 01
2 .9 7
3. 02
2 .9 3
2. 83

2.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

65
06
04
96
04
84

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

468381758357-

368

2. 64

1, 455
3, 317
354

3. 00
2 . 60
2. 64

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g (1 w o m a n )-----S to c k c l e r k s (2 w o m e n ) ------------------------- ---------T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 -------------------------------------------------S e m i- o r t r a i l e r --------------------------------------O th er than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r --------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ----------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f o r k l i f t ) ------------------------------------------------------------C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s ---------------------------------------------------------------J a n it o r s (151 w o m e n )-------------------------------------- W a tch m e n ----------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le,




25—$3.
2 3 - 3.
3 4 - 3.
3 4 - 3.
0 8 - 3.
2 8 - 3.
66- 3.

M id d le A tla n tic

H ou rly e a rn in g s
N u m b er
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
range3
63

875

68
68
68

88

$3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

08
09
14
02
96
11
37

$3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

13
13
13
12
98
13
40

07

55
69
158
154
70

3.
3.
2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

50
32
96
43
01
04
06
33

783
938
691
163
119
163
-

2. 95
2. 63
2. 43
2 . 69
2. 53
2. 52
-

2 . 92
2 . 66

2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

80
26
16
28
14
07

236
41
119
37
37
144

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2. 65

2. 34— 2. 97

~

3. 02
2. 63
2. 63

2. 7 6 - 3. 30
2. 4 3 - 2. 83
2. 35— 3. 04

20

2 . 69

2 . 79

139
51

2. 36
2 . 39

2. 44
2. 38

48

66

50
56

66
77

62
72

2. 44
-

2. 74
2. 25
2 . 68
58
70
70
79
79

66

-

23
26
24
13
23
14
55

8 , 263

2. 9 2 2. 5 1 2. 3 3 2. 1 1 2. 1 1 2. 2 5 -

3. 02
2. 83
2. 50

6 , 169

2. 74
2. 83
2. 83

805
433
655
244

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

$3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.
2.

00—$3.
0 0 - 3.
1 3 - 3.
8 5 - 3.
7 5 - 3.
1 2 - 3.
1 1 - 2.

1134446944—
57-

B o r d e r States

N u m b er
H o u r ly e a rn in g s
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
range3

786
493
513
1, 807
1, 561

621

4, 940
2, 842

22

58
83
79
79
83

66

2. 7 2 - 2. 79
2. 2 9 - 2. 53
2. 1 6 - 2. 71

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

32
33
45
36
14
36
76

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

19
94
71
15
78
79
71

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

88

28
28
42
29
19
28
80

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

09

92
75
12
79
84
78

88

N u m b er
H ou rly e a rn in g s
of
M idd le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M ed ia n 3
ra n g e 3
5, 147
536
421
419
1, 105
746
156

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

40
38
46
35
24
52
55

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

48
46
57
34
29
57
51

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

37
11
90
28
98
04
03
03

4, 090
1, 923
1, 350
134
418
60
115

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
3.

34
02
77
20
71
53
46
03

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
3.

42
08
87
10
83
38
28
20

80
08
22
73
04
11

681
171
265
27
105
294

2.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.

50
09
91
16
62
63

2.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.

63
17
05
28
60
46

14—$3.
1 5 - 3.
2 5 - 3.
1 8 - 3.
0 7 - 3.
1 8 - 3.
69- 2 .

53
58
67
57
27
57

2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

9778510573713379-

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
3.
3.
3.

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

527583927075-

2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

86

100

33—$3.
2 4 - 3.
4 3 - 3.
1 4 - 3.
0 9 - 3.
4 6 - 3.
2 2 - 2.

57
57
57
57
46
63
73

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2691691031132i 89-

3.
3.
2.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.

50
16
90
50
07
70
80
20

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

189483892438-

2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

71
28
05
53
00
90

1, 580
318
547
232
206
751

2. 73
2. 97
3. 03
3. 23
2. 85
2 .9 7

2 . 68
2 . 91

138

2. 72

2. 70

2. 5 7 - 2. 93

54

2. 74

3. 11

2. 2 3 - 3. 15

279
894
92

2 . 79
2. 52
2. 44

2. 77
2. 55
2. 50

2. 5 7 - 2. 90
2. 4 3 - 2. 66
2 . 1 1 - 2 . 59

195
367
35

2 . 89
2. 43
2. 44

2 . 8&
2. 58
2. 35

2. 7 1 - 3. 11
2. 1 9 - 2 . 63
2. 3 0 - 2. 66

2.
3.
2.
2.

97
14

90
88

Table 5.

Occupational Averages:

All Establishments— Continued

1
0

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s ,
United S ta tes and s e le c t e d r e g io n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
Sou th w est
D e p a rtm e n t an d o c c u p a t io n

M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 4 ---------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n ------------------------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l ------------------------------------P ip e fit t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------P r o c e s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ’ h e l p e r s -------------------------C o m p r e s s o r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------F i l l e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------M i l l e r s --------------------------------------- ------------------------M ix e r s ----------------------------------------- -----------------------P u m p m e n -----------------------------------------------------------M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g -------------------------S to ck c l e r k s ------------------------------------------------------T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 --------------------------------------------------S e m i- o r t r a i l e r -----------------------------------------O th er than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r — ----------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) -----------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f o r k l i f t ) -------------------------------------------------------------C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s ----------------------------------------------------------------J a n it o r s --------------------------------------------------------------W a tch m e n -----------------------------------------------------------

G r e a t L a k es

N u m b er
H o u r ly ea rn in g s
of
M idd le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M ed ia n 3
range3

8 , 015
863
758
972
1, 230
1 , 228
388

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

57
61
67
64
42
62
75

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

63
67

68
68
52
67
78

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

4, 222
5, 906
1, 712
182
366
149
678

3. 54
3. 43
2 . 89
3. 29
2 . 60
2 . 82
3. 26

3. 65
3. 48
2 . 96
3. 39
2. 56
2. 94
3. 33

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.

1, 077
351
421
42
297

2 . 49

2.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

220

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

16
02
64
04
80

57
26
12
81
16
81

52—$3.
5 9 - 3.
6 2 - 3.
6 3 - 3.
3 6 - 3.
6 2 - 3.
5 2 - 3.

68

5, 691
650
364
436
1, 318
803
537

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

392270202375-

71 3, 888
68 3, 528

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
3.
3.

3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.

71
73
69
59

68
11

18
46
82
99

-

3. 1 3 - 3. 39

300193279457-

2.
3.
3.
2.
3.
3.

M id d le W est

H o u r ly e a rn in g s
N u m b er
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
range3

1, 997
207
572
141
251
226

39
40
46
51
26
42

90
19
00
80
26
84

86
00
04

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

40
45
49
53
32
49

86

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
3.
3.
3.

22
06
85
20
84
06
12
12

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

28—$3.
2 0 - 3.
3 4 - 3.
3 9 - 3.
0 8 - 3.
3 0 - 3.
8 0 - 3.

0882622061486490-

71
39
16
93
16
08

895
156
328
238
374

2. 74
3. 06
2 . 99
3. 05
2. 87

2. 70
3. 19
3. 12
3. 14
2. 84

2 . 62 2. 8 5 2. 9 1 2. 9 1 2. 6 4 -

53
62

1, 375

66
66

147
73
312
195

09

-

34
20
07
43
06
23
26
20

945
1, 343
459

2 . 88
3. 30
3. 14

264
67

3. 14
3. 13

22
2 12

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

P a c ific

H o u r ly e a rn in g s
N u m b er
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
ra n g e3

70
49

100

-

85

20
32

22
-

39

2. 42

2. 47

2. 2 3 - 2. 47

25

2. 52

2. 53

3. 18
2. 64
2. 71

3. 24
2. 73
2. 63

2. 9 1 - 3. 47
2. 5 6 - 2. 81
2. 3 5 - 3. 19

263
832
83

3. 07
2. 74
2 .9 4

3. 12
2. 84
3. 04

2. 8 0 - 3. 31
2 . 62 - 2 . 98
2. 88- 3. 30

41
40
42
36
31
40

3. 15
3. 09
2. 55

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

47
47
45
47
38
47

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 I n c lu d e s data f o r r e g i o n s in a d d it io n to th o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h jo b b y tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .

~

51
51
45
51
45
51

1 , 121
74
27
-

753
59

111
1 , 000

3. 0 6 - 3. 31
3. 0 1 - 3. 21
2. 2 8 - 2. 74

2. 85
2 . 82
2 . 98
-

2. 6 1 - 3. 05
2. 5 8 - 3. 32
2. 9 7 - 2. 97
-

73

2 . 82
2 . 96
2. 95
2. 95
2. 87

2. 75
2 . 90
3. 04
3. 04
2 . 86

2. 6 1 - 3. 11
2. 9 0 - 3. 08
2. 7 2 - 3. 17

349
42

-

108
148

$3. 40—$3.
3. 2 7 - 3.
3. 4 5 - 3.
3. 2 7 - 3.
3. 2 5 - 3.
3. 2 7 - 3.
-

3. 19
3. 15
2 . 69
3. 03
2. 58
2. 97
-

2. 2 4 - 2. 76

431
526
18

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

H o u r ly e a rn in g s
N u m b er
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
range3

2. 87
2. 76
"

2 . 86
2 . 91
"

-

-

2. 7 2 - 3. 17
2. 6 1 - 3. 08
2. 7 6 - 2. 99
2. 4 2 - 3. 04

803
479
-

53

68
19

$3. 46
3. 48
3. 42
-

$3. 45
3. 46
3. 41
-

3. 45
3. 56
2 . 92

3. 41
3. 44
2. 83

3. 27
3. 14
2. 65

3. 23
3. 19
2. 78

-

-

2. 94
_
_
3. 10

2. 95

2. 77
3. 08
3. 10

2. 73
3. 09
3. 13

-

-

3. 11

-

100

2 . 88
2 . 90

2. 96
2 . 96

7

3. 03

~

24
69
“

3. 05
2. 64
“

3. 22
2. 74
“

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

3.
3.
2.
2.
-

38—$3. 60
4 1 - 3. 55
3 8 - 3. 41
3 8 - 3. 65
4 1 - 3. 54
7 8 - 3. 08

1 6 - 3. 45
0 4 - 3. 25
16— 3. 04
8 1 - 3. 13

-

2. 9 4 - 3. 24

2 . 663. 0 9 2. 8 5 2. 8 5 2. 9 1 -

2 . 90
3. 13
3. 46
3. 10
3. 09

2. 8 7 - 3. 22
2. 3 2 - 2. 86
”

T he m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it i o n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d
r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e i v e le s s than the ra te show n.
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s
and a fo u r th e a rn m o r e than the h ig h e r r a t e . M e d ia n s and m id d ie ra n g e s a re o m itte d fo r o c c u p a t io n s that had fe w e r than 15 e m p lo y e e s in a r e g io n .
4 I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w o r k e r s in the o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w h o h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
5 In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f ty p e o f tru c k o p e r a te d .
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a t e no da ta r e p o r t e d o r data that d o n ot m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .




Table 6.

Occupational Averages:

Basic Chemicals

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly e a r n i n g s 1 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m ic a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ), U nited Sta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g io n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
U nited States 2
D e p a r t m e n t an d o c c u p a t io n

M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 4 ---------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------In s tr u m e n t r e p a i r m e n -------------------------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------------P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------

N ew E n glan d

N u m b er
H o u r ly e a rn in g s
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M ea n 3 M e d ia n 3
ra n g e3

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

51
53
59
63
31
57
84

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

700
875
1, 274

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
3.

30
11
74
26
79
81
77
14

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
3.

29
12
76
20
83
94
80
20

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g (1 w o m a n )-----S to ck c l e r k s (2 w o m e n )-----------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s 5----------------------------------------------------S e m i- o r t r a i l e r ------------------------------------------O th er than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ---------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ----------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k li f t ) ----------

4, 372
1, 030
1, 694
393
910
1, 533
278

2 . 62
3. 06
2 .9 9
3. 03
2 .9 6
2 .9 2
2. 70

2.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.

63
10
05
95
12

C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s -------------------------------------- . ------------------------J a n it o r s (1 1 9 w o m e n )---------------------------------------W a t c h m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 196
2, 782
285

3. 00
2. 63
2. 70

3. 08
2 . 66
2. 79

P r o c e s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A (1 w o m a n )----C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s (2 w o m e n )-----C o m p r e s s o r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------F i l l e r s (7 3 w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------M i l l e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------M i x e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------P u m p m e n ------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




2 7 ,9 9 2 $3. 44
3. 46
2, 923
3. 55
1, 891
2, 325
3, 53
3. 28
5, 978
4, 316
3. 48
2 . 82
1, 935

17, 384
1 7 ,6 3 8
7, 209
527

1 ,9 1 8

91
70

M id d le A tla n tic

N u m b er
H ou r ly e a rn in g s
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
range3

28—$3.
2 6 - 3.
4 3 - 3.
3 9 - 3.
1 1 - 3.
34— 3.
6 9 - 3.

65

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

0890511255463397-

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

58
39
04
43
06
04
10
33

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

44—
858375867241-

2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

80
30
16
28
15
13
15

68
70

68
51

66
09

2. 7 3 - 3. 34
2. 4 3 - 2. 90
2. 4 1 - 3. 14

451
45
29
18
52
109
37

351
312
173
-

84

$3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

11
12
16
17
89
13
37

2. 97
2. 56
2. 43
-

2. 77

$3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

14
14
22
26
75
14
39

3. 04
2. 55
2. 35
-

$3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

05—$3.
0 0 - 3.
1 2 - 3.
1 4 - 3.
75— 3.
1 2 - 3.
0 5 - 2.

26
26
26
26
12
26
45

5, 977
604
326
358
1, 328
1, 132
490

2. 7 5 - 3. 10
2. 3 3 - 2. 88
2. 2 5 - 2. 77

4, 260
3, 727
2 , 12 0

-

2. 58

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

94

2. 72

20

2 . 49

56

2. 78

-

33
-

_
-

3. 21
-

-

2. 1 0 - 2. 95

-

-

2. 77
2. 70
2 . 79

2. 1 1 - 3. 14
1 . 9 1 - 2 . 79
2 . 6 9 - 2 . 79

-

$ 3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

34
35
50
38
12
39
76

3. 22

2 . 92
2 . 66

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

28
28
57
30
15
30
80

3. 11
2 . 92
2. 73
-

-

532
308
525
151

2.
2.
2.
2.

74
79

2 . 79
2 . 92

66

2. 56
2 . 80

1 , 12 0

65
00
06
27

78

2. 67

_

-

196

_

_

3. 22
-

152
517
123

2.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

16 1

2 . 66

2 . 71

648
75

2. 52
2. 49

2. 52
2 .5 9

2. 9 1 - 3. 75
-

57

2. 44

2. 53

21

2 . 18

1.

86

2. 3 0 - 2. 72
1 . 86- 2 . 79

B o r d e r States

H ou rly e a rn in g s
N u m b er
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
ra n ge3

207
434

86
01
72

2 . 90
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

97
20

90
87

69

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

1 4 -$ 3 .
1 5 - 3.
2 5 - 3.
1 8 - 3.
0 7 - 3.
1 8 - 3.
6 9 - 2.

2. 9 7 2. 7 3 2. 4b—
2. 6 7 2. 6 0 2. 33—
2. 65—

N u m b er
H ou rly e a rn in g s
of
M idd le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M ed ia n 3
ra n g e3

67
67
82
67
25
67
83

4, 182
412
331
310
722
636
106

3. 54
3. 08
2. 87

3, 179
1, 337
632

110
01
04
00
99

294
92

5 2 - 2. 80
7 3 - 3. 08
3. 29
9 2 - 3. 73
5 1 - 3. 15
7 3 - 3. 13
5 1 - 2 .8 1

6 10

2. 2 8 - 2. 77
2. 4 2 - 2. 62
2 . 1 1 - 2 . 59

167
326
29

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

3.
3.
3.
2.

88-

60
115

146
250
25
92
150
-

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

42
41
49
39
22
52
60

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

62

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

3. 41
3. 04
2. 77
3. 27
2. 84
2. 52
2 .4 6
3. 03

3.
3.
2.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.

50
08
72
10
01
38
28
20

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

2 . 49
3. 16
2 . 91
3. 17
2. 58
2. 77
-

2.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
-

63
17
05
28
60
83

2 . 83

2 . 64
2. 58
2. 30

2. 43
2. 41

57
57
57
43
29
57

34—$3.
3 4 - 3.
4 4 - 3.
3 4 - 3.
0 £ - 3.
4 7 - 3.
3 3 - 2.

58
63
58
57
44
63
76

2994471031132389-

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.

50
23
08
50
20
43
80
20

2. 1 8 3. 1 2 2. 6 0 2. 8 9 2. 2 4 2. 4 2 -

2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

70
29
05
53
00
11

2. 5 7 - 3. 11
2. 1 9 - 2. 63
2. 3 0 - 2. 66

Table 6. Occupational Averages:
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r l

/ e a r n in g s 1 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls
[e x ce p t in d u s tr ia l g a s e s ), U n ited S ta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)

G rea t L akes

Sou th w est
D e p a rtm e n t a n d o c c u p a t io n

N u m b er
of
w ork ers

H ou rly ea rn in g s
M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3

M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 4 --------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------I n stru m e n t r e p a i r m e n --------------------------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l ------------------------------------P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------

7, 645
823
704
956
1, 077
1, 198
344

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s --------------------------C o m p r e s s o r o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------F i l l e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------M i l l e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------M i x e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------P u m p m e n — --------------------------------------------------------

3, 295
5, 489
1, 554
174
247
149
_
678

3. 59
3. 44
2 . 90
3. 28
2 . 69
2 . 82
3. 26

1, 050
335
421
42
297
173

2 . 49

M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g -----------------------S to c k c l e r k s -------------------------------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 ---------------------------------------------------S e m i- o r t r a il e r -----------------------------------------O th er than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ----------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ------ ----------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t ) ----------C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s ----------------------------------------------------------------J a n it o r s --------------------------------------------------------------W a t c h m e n ------------------------------------------------------------

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

59
62
67
64
45
62
79

18
02
64
04

88

431
513
“

3. 18
2. 65
~

Basic Chemicals— Continued

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

64
67

68
68
59
67
78

3. 67
3. 48

M id d le
range3

$3. 52—$3. 68
3. 6 0 - 3. 71
3. 6 2 - 3. 73
3 . 6 3 - 3 .6 9
3. 4 4 - 3. 59
3. 6 2 - 3. 68
2. 5 5 - 3. 11

3. 34
2. 67
2. 94
3. 33

3. 54—
3. 2 2 2. 7 6 3. 2 0 2. 4 6 2. 7 5 _
3. 1 3 -

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

2. 57
3. 26
3. 12
2 . 81
3. 16
3. 00
-

2. 3 3 3. 0 8 2. 9 3 2. 2 7 2. 9 4 2. 7 8 -

2.
3.
3.
2.
3.
3.

3. 24
2. 76
"

2. 9 1 - 3. 47
2. 5 7 - 2. 81
~

2 . 96

71

68
22
46
01
99

3. 39

71
39
16
93
16
16

5, 019
585
273
406
1, 027
745
450

3, 247
2, 798
1, 514
207
473
61
164
181

$3. 40
3. 40
3. 50
3. 52
3. 29
3 .4 2
2 . 91

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

44
45
53
53
36
49
93

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

3. 19
3. 04

3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
3.
3.
3.

22
10
85
20
91
07
22
17

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.

2 . 80
3.
2.
2.
3.
3.

26
84
99
07
11

30—$3. 53
2 0 - 3. 62
3 6 - 3 .7 6
3 9 - 3. 70
1 5 - 3. 49
3 0 - 3. 53
8 5 - 3. 09

0890622061068290-

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

33
20
09
43
07
26
32
20

H ou rly e a rn in g s
N u m b er
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M ea n 3 M e d ia n 3
ra n g e3

1, 143

100
57
73
170
195
822

1 , 208
390
-

40
40
36
36
20
40

3. 16
3. 09
2. 50
-

2. 85

20

2 . 82

31
-

3. 00
-

2. 93
3. 30
3. 14

215
43

2 . 98

3. 14
3. 13
2. 54

22
2 12

20

3. 05
2 . 90
2. 48

2. 5 3 2. 8 5 —
2. 9 1 2. 9 1 2. 6 5 2. 2 4 -

199
721
73

3. 08
2. 75
3. 06

3. 13
2. 84
3. 10

3. 0 2 - 3. 38
2. 7 0 - 2. 98
3. 0 4 - 3. 30

93
148
~

2. 77
3. 08

2 . 99

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
-

85

2 . 80
3. 19
3. 11
3. 14
3. 06
2 .2 4

553
127
278
199
287

P a c if i c

M id d le W est

H ou r ly e a rn in g s
N u m b er
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
ra n ge3

22
-

2. 85
2. 95
2 .9 5
2. 87

47
47
47
47
25
47

3. 19
3. 17

2 . 61
-

2 . 86
2. 76
"

$3. 27—$3.
3. 2 7 - 3.
3. 2 7 - 3.
3. 2 7 - 3.
2. 9 7 - 3.
3. 2 7 - 3.
-

51
51
51
51
33
51

1, 019
74
24
-

3. 0 2 - 3. 31
3. 0 1 - 3. 21
2. 2 8 - 2. 72

781
632
239

-

2. 6 1 - 3. 05
2. 5 8 - 3. 32
2 . 9 7 - 2 .9 7
-

3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

2. 6 1 2. 7 2 2. 7 2 2. 7 2 2. 6 1 "

04
08
04
04

86

2. 83
2. 91

696
53
96

-

3. 03
2. 58
2. 97
-

*

~

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts.
2 In c lu d e s data f o r r e g i o n s in a d d it io n to th o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T h e m e a n is co m p u t e d f o r e a ch j o b b y tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

N u m b er
H o u r ly e a rn in g s
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3
ra n ge3

3. 11
3. 12
3. 17
3. 17
3. 08

2. 7 6 - 2. 99
2. 4 2 - 3. 04
"

70
-

36

326
42
45
70
24
55

'

$3. 47
3. 48
3. 44
3. 47
3. 47
2. 92

$3. 46
3. 46
3. 41

3. 33
3. 20
2 .9 6
2. 94
-

3. 31
3. 24
3. 04

-

-

3. 45
3. 41
2. 83

-

2. 95
-

$3. 41—$3. 60
3. 4 1 - 3. 55
3 . 4 1 - 3 .4 8
3. 3 8 - 3. 65
3. 4 1 - 3. 50
2. 8 0 - 3. 06

3. 1 8 3. 1 0 2. 9 1 2. 8 1 -

3. 46
3. 32
3. 09
3. 13

-

3. 16

3. 24

3. 1 1 - 3. 24

2.
3.
3.
3.

2. 75
3. 09
3. 13
3. 07
"

2. 7 0 3. 0 9 2. 8 5 2. 9 6 "

3. 22
2. 74

2. 8 7 - 3. 22
2. 4 8 - 2. 86

77
08
10

05

3. 05
2. 70

"

'

2. 94
3. 13
3. 41

3. 13

'

T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d
r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e i v e le s s than the ra te show n.
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f t h e s e ra te s
and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a t e .
* In c lu d e s da ta f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
5 I n clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f ty p e o f tru c k o p e r a t e d .
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a t e no data r e p o r t e d o r data that d o not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




Table 7. Occupational Averages:

Plastics Materials and Elastomers

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 12 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g
p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th etic r e s i n s , and h o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s , U n ited S ta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
M id d le A tla n tic

U n ited S ta tes
D e p a r t m e n t an d o c c u p a t io n

N u m b er
w ork ers

N u m b er

H o u r ly e a r n in g s
M ea n 3 M e d ia n 3

M id d le
ra n g e 3

w ork ers

5, 258
482
525
375
1 ,7 0 0
696
404

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

27
28
38
24
20
32
65

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

28
27
45
18
26
30
77

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A (14 w o m e n )—
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ____________
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s (36 w om en ) —
C o m p r e s s o r o p e r a t o r s ____________________
F i l l e r s ______________________________________
M i l l e r s _______________________________________
M i x e r s ___________ _______ _____________ _______
P u m p m e n _____________________________________

5, 286
4 , 070
3, 019
40
721
318
400
165

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

15
93

09
93
77
04
74
77
83
94

2. 9 5 2. 7 4 2 .4 4 2. 8 5 2. 392 .4 8 2 .4 0 2. 8 2 -

3. 35
3. 12
2 .8 7
3. 28
2 . 88
2 .8 3
3 .0 3
3. 12

1 ,9 0 9
1 ,2 1 3
722

09
67
65
67
94

3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

1 ,2 2 5
245
278
47
156
712

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

57
83
83
95
79
63

2. 67
2 . 88
2 .8 7

2. 76
3. 04
3 .0 4
3. 04
3. 05
2 .8 8

460

2 .9 6
2 . 86
2 . 66

2. 4 8 2. 7 4 2 .7 0 2. 8 0 2. 7 1 2 .4 4 -

113
36
54
234

2 .9 1
3. 01
2 . 82
2 . 90

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

90

2 .4 2

2. 34

2. 2 3 - 2. 70

15

2. 74

259
535
69

2 .9 7
2. 47
2. 40

2 . 88

2. 79“ 3. 08
2. 3 0 - 2. 66
2. 2 3 - 2. 71

118
246
17

2. 97
2. 53
2 . 20

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g _____._______
S t o c k c l e r k s _________________________________
T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 _______________________________
S e m i- o r t r a i l e r ________________________
O th er than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r . _______
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t )
_____________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f o r k l i f t ) -------------------- ----- ------------------------------C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s __________________________________ __
J a n it o r s (3 2 w o m e n ) ___ ________ _____ _______
W a tch m e n ____________________________
____

66

2. 52
2 . 49

2 , 286
182
167
155
479
429
131

-

273
125
130
93

111

M id d le
ra n g e3

M e a n 3 M e d ia n 3

M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k i l l e d 4 . _____ ________
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e ____________
I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n _________________
M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ______________
M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l ____________________
P ip e f it t e r s _______________________________
H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------

$3. 13—$3. 50
3. 1 1 - 3. 46
3. 2 8 - 3. 50
3. 1 4 - 3. 47
3. 0 7 - 3. 34
3. 1 8 - 3. 50
2 . 5 4 - 2 .8 6

B o r d e r S ta tes
N u m b er
of
w ork ers

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

27
28
36
30
17
27
75

$3.
3.
3'.
3.
3.
3.
2.

28
28
28
28
22
28
78

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

965
124
90
109
383
-

$3. 32
3. 29
3. 35
3. 23
3. 27
3 .4 9
-

911
586
718

3. 10
3. 00
2. 77

3. 12

3. 08

3. 0 4 - 3. 21

2 . 98

2 . 92
2 . 82

2 . 9 0 - 3. 11

2. 83
2. 85
2 .8 1
2. 95
3. 03

2 . 69
2 . 92

2. 85
2. 78
3. 03
2 . 99

74
03
94

2. 7 2 2. 7 6 2. 7 7 2 . 88 2. 82-

2. 94
2 . 98
2 . 86
3. 04
3. 28

2. 6 3 - 2. 76

2 . 8 2 - 3. 08

3. 12
3. 13
2. 87
-

-

_
-

"

-

-

71
25

144
-

2 .8 8
2 . 61
2 . 11

2. 8 7 - 3. 01
2. 5 2 - 2. 67
1 . 8 5 - 2. 58

28
41

88

33 $3. 14—$3. 46
33 3. 1 4 - 3. 46
46 3. 2 7 - 3. 46
14 3. 1 4 - 3. 33
34 3. 0 9 - 3. 46
57 3. 3 3 - 3. 57
-

-

2 . 7 6 - 3. 04

91

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

-

2. 76

96

83967683-

3.
3.
2.
3.

-

04
22
95
04

2.
2.
2.
2.

M id d le
ra n g e 3

M e a n 3 ^Median3

1 8 ~ $ 3 .4 7
1 8 - 3. 50
2 2 - 3. 50
1 8 - 3. 50
0 8 - 3. 28
1 8 - 3. 50
66 - 2 . 86

110

G re a t L a k e s

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 I n c lu d e s data f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T h e m e a n is co m p u t e d fo r e a ch jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .

2. 58
2. 71
2. 48
3. 22
2. 40

2. 74
2. 75
_
2. 38
3. 12
2. 27
"

2 . 9 12 . 9 1-

3. 35
3. 16
2. 7 4 - 2. 87
_
_
-

-

2 . 20 - 2. 87
2 . 6 0 - 2 . 82
_
_
_
_
_
2. 3 8 - 2. 51
-

-

3. 0 2 - 3. 35
2. 2 3 - 2. 65
■
"

Num be r
H o u r ly e a rn in g s
of
M id d le
w o r k e r s M e a n 3 M ed ia n 3
ra n g e 3
672
65
91
30
291
58
87

$3. 29
3. 38
3. 36
3 .4 3
3. 18
3 .4 7
2. 84

$3. 28
3. 38
3. 34
3. 53
3. 25
3. 66
2 .7 9

641
730
483

3. 17
2. 87
2. 78

2 . 96

-

-

99
80
87
45

2.
2.
2.
2.

342
29
50
_
87
64

111
10

81
76
85
76

2 . 69
2. 97
3. 01
_
2. 77

3. 21
2. 85
2. 84
2 .4 9
2. 84
2. 84

2. 67
3. 15
3. 12
_
_
2 . 80

3. 07
2 . 62
2. 07

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

08—$3. 53
1 1 - 3. 66
2 8 - 3. 34
0 8 - 3. 71
0 5 - 3. 34
2 0 - 3 .6 7
7 9 - 2 . 86

3. 0 6 - 3. 42
2. 6 5 - 3. 05
2. 6 3 - 2. 85
-

2 .8 4 2. 4 8 2. 5 92. 3 9 -

2 .9 0
3. 23
3. 16
3. 02

2. 6 4 2. 8 4 2. 7 9 _
_
2. 6 4 -

2. 67
3. 23
3. 16

3. 08

3. 17
2. 75
"

2. 7 8 - 3. 31
2. 3 0 - 3. 01
-

T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d
r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the r a te sh ow n .
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pa y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e se r a te s
an d a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te . M ed ia n s and m id d le ra n g e s a r e o m it t e d f o r the o c c u p a t io n s that had fe w e r than 15 e m p lo y e e s in a r e g io n .
4 In c lu d e s data f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s
w ork ers.
5 In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a te d .
NOTE:




D a s h e s in d ic a t e n o data r e p o r t e d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

Table 8. Occupational Averages:

0
>

All Establishments— By Size o f Community

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic
in d u s t r ia l c h e m ic a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s i n s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s
in m e t r o p o lit a n and n o n m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , U n ited S ta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
U nited S ta tes 2
M e tr o p o lita n
a rea s
D e p a rtm e n t an d o c c u p a t io n

M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k i l l e d 3 ---------------------- ----E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n ----- — ---------------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------------------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l------------------- — ■
P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------

Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
of
h o u r ly
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

2 2 ,0 2 9

2 ,2 2 1
1 ,6 9 8
1 ,7 8 3
4 ,8 1 9
3 ,5 6 8
1 ,4 8 1

$ 3 .4 4 1 1 , 2 2 1
3 .4 6
1 ,1 8 4
3. 54
718
3. 51
917
3. 27 2 ,8 5 9
3 .4 8
1 ,4 4 4
2. 84
858

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ----------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B —--------- — — C h e m i c a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s -----------------------P u m p m e n ---------------------------------—--------- —----- -----

1 5 ,7 4 3
1 4 ,2 3 8
6 , 179
1 ,0 5 6

3.
3.
2.
3.

32
12
74
16

6 ,9 2 7
7 ,4 7 0
4 ,0 4 9
383

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ------------------- ——
S tock c le r k s —
T r u c k d r iv e r s
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift)-

3 ,8 6 2
940
1 ,2 6 7
1 ,5 4 8

2.
3.
3.
2.

64
05
02

89

1 ,7 3 5
335
705
697

C u s t o d ia l:
G ua rd s ______________________ _______ - ____ _______
J a n it o r s —--------------------- ------ --------- — ---------- -----

981
2, 124

2 .9 9
2. 57

474
1 ,1 9 3

M e t r o p o lit a n
a rea s
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
age
of
h o u r ly
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

N on m e tro ­
p o lit a n
a rea s
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
age
of
h o u r ly
w ork ­ earn ­
ers
in g s

M e t r o p o lit a n
a rea s
Num ­ A v e r­
age
ber
of
h o u r ly
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

$ 3 . 36
3. 37
3 .4 6
3 .4 4
3. 26
3 .4 0
2. 70

6 ,2 4 9
585
367
384
1 ,4 3 6
1 ,1 7 3
473

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

34
35
50
37
15
38
76

2 , 014
126
129
371
388
148

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

27
28
31
31
07
28
76

3 ,4 9 2
361
301
243
549
554
42

3. 14

4 ,8 2 1
3 ,5 8 6
2, 136
208

3.
2.
2.
2.

22
93
75

86

1 ,3 4 8
1 ,3 5 4
706
36

3.
2.
2.
2.

05
95
59
99

3, 050
892
513
95

3.
3.
2.
3.

42
07
77
05

1,2 11

2.
2.
3.
3.

67
99
05
00

369
75
87
137

2 . 62
2 .9 2
2 . 90
2 . 88

434
169
181

2.
3.
3.
2.

56
19
06
71

2 . 81
2. 50

60
226

2. 73
2. 57

145
2 56

2. 87
2 .4 9

2 . 98
2 . 68
2. 97

2. 53
2 .9 1

2 .8 8
2 . 69

243
460
614

3. 01

219

2 . 66

668

201

110

$ 3 . 48
3. 48
3 .5 1
3. 38
3. 30
3. 57
2 .9 5

N on m e tro ­
p o lita n
a rea s
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
age
h o u r ly
of
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

M e t r o p o lit a n
a rea s
Num ­ A v e r­
age
ber
h o u r ly
of
ea rn ­
w ork ­
in g s
ers

$ 3 .4 2
3 .4 3
3. 50
3. 53
3. 22
3. 47
3. 03

1 ,5 1 9
1 ,7 3 2
695
128

3. 19
3. 01
2. 93
2 .9 7

61
51
03
35

1 ,1 5 5
1 ,4 0 9
723
148

3. 36
3. 15
2. 69
2 .9 2

2 .3 6 9
1 ,7 9 6
1 ,3 0 2
98

58
23
11
92

414
63
114

3. 10
2 .9 9
2. 76

3 ,0 6 7
4 ,4 9 7
989
530

3.
3.
3.
3,

247
61
96
113

2. 40
2 .9 3
2. 64
2. 50

663
288
307

120

2.
3.
3.
2.

50

2. 94
2. 30

323
405

3. 23
2. 71

111

2 ,9 7 5
304
173
291
591
411
164

2 , 716
346
191
145
727
392
373

1 ,0 4 0
1 ,0 3 1
837
-

120
176
556
192
114

Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
h o u r ly
of
w ork ­ ea rn ­
in gs
ers

N o n m e tro ­
p o lita n
a rea s
Num ­ A v e r ­
ber
age
h o u r ly
of
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in gs

M e t r o p o lit a n
a rea s

$ 3 .4 5
3. 44
3. 62
3. 52
3 .4 4
3 .4 8
2. 56

5 ,8 6 7
631
594
846
583
1 ,0 5 4
169

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

N on m etro­
p o lita n
a rea s
Num ­ A v e r­
age
ber
of
h o u r ly
ea rn ­
w ork ­
ers
in g s

$ 3 . 62 2, 148
232
3. 67
3 .6 8
164
3. 66
126
647
3 .4 0
3. 64
174
2 . 99
219

23
17
34
31
18
37
40

1 ,6 5 5
175

G r e a t L ak es

S ou th w est

B o r d e r S ta tes

M id d le A tla n tic

N on m etro­
p o lita n
a rea s
Num ­ A v er­
a ge
ber
h o u r ly
of
w ork ­ ea rn ­
in gs
ers

100
108

12 1

$ 3 . 35
3. 37
3 .4 3
3 .4 9
3. 30
3. 37
2. 84

3.
2.
2.
3.

18
99
73
13

569

2 . 68

10 1

3. 08
2 . 98
2 . 90

2 10

66

118
239

135

2.
3.
3.
2.

3. 01
2. 39

138
442

2. 95
2. 64

125
390

3. 21
2. 84

2.
2.
2.
2.

35
83
76

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 I n clu d e s data f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 I n clu d e s da ta f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a ll y a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a t e no da ta r e p o r t e d o r data that d o not m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r it e r ia .




326
55

83
04
00
82

Table 9. Occupational Averages:

All Establishments— By Size o f Establishment

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s b y s i z e o f e st a b lis h m e n t ,
U nited Sta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
U nited S ta tes 2

M id d le A t la n t ic

B o r d e r S ta tes

Southw e st

G re a t L a k e s

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith—
5 0 -4 99
500 wci r k e r s
5 0 -4 9 9
w o rk e r s
or m ore
w ork ers
Num ­ A v e r­ Num ­ A v e r­ Num ­ A v e r ­
age
ber
ber
a ge
age
ber
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h ou rly
of
ea rn - w ork ­ ea rn - w ork ­
w ork ­
ea rn ­
ers
ers
ers
i _ings
in g s
- l n Bs

500 w o r k e r s
or m ore
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
h o u r ly
of
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

5 0 -4 9 9
w ork ers
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
of
h o u r ly
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

500 w o r k e r s
or m ore
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
o f h o u r ly
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

5 0 -4 9 9
w ork ers
Num ­ A v e r ­
ber
a ge
of
h o u r ly
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

500 w o r k e r s
or m ore
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
o f h o u r ly
w ork ­ earn ­
ers
in g s

5 0 -4 9 9
w ork ers
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
of
h o u r ly
w ork ­ ea rn ­
ers
in g s

500 w o r k e r s
or m ore
Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
of
h o u r ly
w ork ­ ea rn ­
e r s —in gs
a

M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k i l l e d 3
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e _________ _
I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n _
M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ...
M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l
____________
P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e __________

9, 908
979
568
457
4 , 673
1 ,0 1 3
805

1, 345 $3. 24
140 3. 26
73 3. 30
74 3. 30
494 3. 10
98 3. 55
52 2. 75

3 ,8 0 2 $3. 46
396 3. 42
348 3. 49
345 3. 36
611 3. 36
648 3. 51
104 2 .4 5

1, 358 $3. 38
143 3. 33
164 3. 57
75 3. 52
650 3. 34
96 3. 45
125 2. 54

6 , 657 $3. 61
720 3. 66
594
897
580
1, 132
263

3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

69
65
51
63
85

1 ,4 6 8 $3. 16
181 3. 11
96 3. 23
43 3. 27
686 3. 13
153 3. 25
165 2. 77

4 ,2 2 3 $3. 4 7'
469 3. 51
268 3. 54
393 3. 54
632 3. 41
650 3. 46
372 2 . 96

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _________
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _____ ____
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s .
F ille r s
__ _ _
.

9,
9,
4,
1,

3. 51
3. 22
2. 75
2 .4 1

2, 735
4 , 588
1 ,1 9 2
278

3.
3.
2.
2.

56
49
95

1 ,5 8 4
1 ,5 8 9
999
288

2, 304
1 ,9 3 9
998
284

2 . 20
2 . 80

D e p a r tm e n t an d o c c u p a t io n

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ____________
S to c k c l e r k s
T r u c k d r iv e r s
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t ) _______________
C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s ______________
J a n it o r s

_

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

20 2 3 ,3 4 2 $3. 50
2, 426
3. 53
19
34
1 ,8 4 8
3. 57
23
2, 243
3. 54
3, 005
19
3. 38
26
3. 51
3 ,9 9 9
63
1 ,5 3 4
2 . 88

2 ,9 5 9
263
132
167
1 , 126
486
215

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

09
12
24
21
07
16
63

5, 304 $3. 45
523 3. 44
361 3. 53
346 3 .4 3
681 3. 25
1 ,0 7 5 3 .4 5
406 2 . 82

2 ,9 9 3
2 ,4 6 5
1 ,6 1 1
37 3

3.
2.
2.
2.

01
80
57
65

3, 176
2 ,4 7 5
1 ,2 3 1
432

2.
2.
2.
2.

56
75
99
72

1 ,0 4 9

2 . 61
2. 42

163
184
893
154

3.
2.
2.
2.

15
87
56
65

1 3 ,5 0 7
1 2 ,5 2 4
5, 335
1 ,4 8 5

2, 165
385

46
76
81

1 ,0 6 1

2.
2.
2.
2.

66

3 ,4 3 2
890
1 ,2 8 4
1, 184

2.
3.
3.
2.

98

531
98
267
335

404
1 ,0 7 3

2. 74
2. 34

1 ,0 5 1
2, 244

3. 10
2. 72

70
404

688

3. 35
3. 22

2 . 86
2. 84

70
12
05

3. 35
3. 07

2 . 89
2 . 89

791
883
303
137

3.
3.
2.
2.

18
03
50
76

3, 299
1 ,0 4 0
1 ,0 4 7
281

3.
3.
2.
2.

38
02
84

1 ,4 8 7
1 ,3 1 8
520

68

88

280
416

2.
3.
3.
3.

72
07
07
18

245
25
58
136

2.
2.
2.
2.

36
95
71

68

436
146
207
158

2.
3.
2.
2.

58
12
96
58

293
51
69
51

2. 72
2. 58

784
300
352
169

3. 22
3. 07
2. 87

209
490

2. 85

59
156

2. 51
2. 33

136

2 . 60

2 11

3. 05
2. 50

79
74

3. 08
2. 32

352
452

2 . 69

220

66

2 . 60

3. 20

3.
2.
2.
2.

17
85
73

69

3. 20
3. 13

2 . 86
2 . 98

309
62
63
176

2. 56
2. 94
2 .7 1
2. 71

586
94
265

198

2.
3.
3.
3.

108
190

2 . 82
2 . 39

155
642

3. 25
2. 84

83
14
06
01

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
In c lu d e s data f o r r e g io n s in a d d ition to th o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a v e a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a t e no data r e p o r t e d o r data that d o not m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .




0
0

Table 10. Occupational Averages: All Establishments— By Labor-Management Contract Coverage and Size o f Establishment
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s )
and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th etic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s b y la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t c o v e r a g e and s i z e o f e st a b lis h m e n t ,
U nited Sta tes and s e l e c t e d r e g io n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
U nited S ta te s 1
2

M id d le A tla n tic

B o r d e r Sta tes

G rea t L akes

S ou th w est

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith —
D e p a r tm e n t, o c c u p a t io n , and
s i z e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t

M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 3 -------5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e —
5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e -----5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l ---------------5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -------P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -----5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -------H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e —
5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -------P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A —
5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ----5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s ----5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g -----5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s -----------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------S to ck c l e r k s ----------------------------------5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------T r u c k d r iv e r s -------------------------------5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) --------5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e -------------

M a jo r it y
None o r m in o r ­
M a jo r it y
M a jo r it y
N one o r m i n o r ­
N one o r m i n o r ­
M a jo r it y
N one o r m i n o r ­
M a jo r it y
cov ered
ity c o v e r e d
ity c o v e r e d
covered
covered
ity c o v e r e d
ity c o v e r e d
covered
cov ered
N u m b e r A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e N u m b er A v e r a g e
of
of
h o u r ly
of
of
of
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
of
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a rn in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s w o r k e r s e a r n in g s

27,
7,
19,
2,

568
8 94
6 74
869
787
2 , 082
2, 384
403
1 ,9 8 1
5, 743
3, 431
2, 312
4, 451
946
3, 505
1, 973
614
1, 359

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

41
19
49
43
21
51
48
27
52
23
15
36
45
26
50
80
67

25
10
34
11
89
25
73
58

86

17,
6,
10 ,
17,
6,
10 ,
7,
3,
4,

580
701
879
495
8 05
690
774
583
191

3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

4,
1,
3,
1,

885
752
133
018

2 . 62

26 1
757
1, 663
6 04
1, 059
1, 9 44
903
1, 041

C u s t o d ia l:
1 , 186
G u a r d s --------------------------------------------5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------349
500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------837
2, 777
J a n it o r s -----------------------------------------897
5 0 -4 9 9 w o r k e r s ----------------------500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ------------- 1 1 ,8 8 0

2.
2.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

86

48
70
04
75
13
97
85
04
85
70
99

2 . 98
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

76
08
60
37
71

5, 682
2, 014
3, 668
536

19 2
344
316
54
262
1, 935
1, 242
693
561
67
494
366
191
175
5,
2,
2,
4,
2,
1,
2,
1,
1,

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.

44
24
56
44
09
63
52

91
65
36
31
45
54
17
59
74
49
01

090
462
628
213
379
834
454
310
144

3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

712
413
299
257
124
133
309
84
225
301
158
143

2 . 49
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

269
55
214
540
176
364

3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

33
28
39
93
81
09
67
50

86

34

68
92
78
05
95
50
11

66
41
94
06
65
16
61

20
81

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

33
10
45
35
14
44
36
22
43
14
06
25
36
16
45
77
65
82

610
466
_
63
52
_
31
14
172
172
64
138
_
107
61
-

3. 11
3. 11

478
533
945
544
223
321
452
392
060

3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

19
01
35
94
81
07
70
56

1, 435
405
1, 030
305
94
496
234
262
652
287
365

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.

227
46
181
802
358
444

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

7, 653
2, 493
5, 160
723

2 11
512
482
153
329
1, 635
9 54
681
1, 497
448
1, 049
514
154
360
5,
2,
2,
4,
2,
2,
2,
1,
1,

2 11

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

34
28
38
32
30
33
31
39
29
22
13
32
47
55
45
54
77
43

1, 729
_
1 , 606
161

3. 27
3. 12
2 . 71
2 . 60
-

3, 418
1 , 222
2, 196
375
125
250
326
62
264
797
434
363
483
98
385
144
49
95

691
460
.
396
242
_
390
219
-

3. 14
3. 01
_
2 . 91
2. 75
_
2. 78
2 . 66
-

2, 730
7 58
1, 972
1 ,4 7 7
775
702
891
303
588

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

27
20
30
03
08
97
73
50
84

1, 360

67
57
71
97
73
07
05
03
06
98
72
19

145
126
_
13
51
33
_
99
48

542
206
336
108
25
83
185
58
127
277
136
141

2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

47
36
54
08
95
12
83
71

139
-

-

2. 55
2. 53
_
3. 05
2 . 82
2. 65
_
2 . 91
2. 73
-

83
75
85
52
42
60

52
24

2. 64
2. 35

141
59
82
291
132
159

88

-

_

92
46

$3. 15
3. 06
_
3. 12
3. 03
-

3. 33
3. 06
-

-

_

2. 55
2. 44

57
33
62
61
31
67
64
52
65
40
28
51
62
45
63
72
35

2. 65

848
134
714
969
74
895
1, 129
549
580
1 , 222
96
1 , 126
357
99
258

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

3. 48
3. 50
3. 01
3. 14
2. 84
2. 84

3, 382
738
2, 644
5, 421
1, 027
4, 394
1, 500
363
1, 137

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

51
33
56
43
17
50
87
60
95

1, 059
282
777
343
43
300
421
69
352
51
169

2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

50

63
63
80
80
17
17

2. 64
2. 74
3. 12
3. 12
3. 09
3. 09
2. 51
_
2. 51

61
17
84
22
02
72
07
80
58
87

2. 73
2. 51

54

3. 30

2 . 88

54
76

3. 30
2. 46

409
79
330
520
74
446

3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

20
08
22
65
32
70

88
63

68
58

2. 42
2. 37
2. 46

-

146
93
-

81
308
-

248
263
-

$3. 52
_
3. 57
3. 52
-

3. 58
3. 48
-

3. 58
3. 30
-

3. 41
3. 60
-

263

3. 60

12

2 . 60

9

-

1, 327
446
_
338
459
-

459

100

-

-

-

52

-

2 . 62

7, 783
1, 189

6 , 594

220

86

21

5, 108
1 , 126
3, 982
594
153
441
398
31
367
1, 034
476
558
763
133
630
501
136
365
3,
1,
2,
2,
1,
1,
1,

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.

D a s h e s in d ic a t e no da ta r e p o r t e d o r data that d o n ot m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




31
27
36
46
30
63
63
27
80
29
31
24
40
33
48
60
55
80

583
342
241
56
28
28
38

92
81

2 .9 6

12
26
284

2 10
74
40

20
20

257
144
113
789
194
595
527
691
836

3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

17
12
20
03
83
19
83
76
89

631
440
191
739
395
344
470
308
162

3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

25
29
15
89

795
261
534
129
39
90
318
58
260
333
155
178

2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
3.

75
53

100

2.
2.
2.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

64
71
57
07
15

242

3.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

100
142
770
174
596

86
06
82
17
01
72
07

48
52
27
23
-

10

89

41

70
05

21
20

10
82
29
76
40
87

21
8

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
2 I n clu d e s data f o r r e g i o n s in a d d it io n to t h o se sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 In c lu d e s da ta f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and fo r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
NOTE:

36
29
7

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

40
12
47
39
07
51
50
28
52
26
06
43
42
23
46

13
62
16
46

92
85

68
66
72

57

71
75

68

2 . 80
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

77
81
43

29
48

Table 11. Occupational Earnings:

All Establishments— Buffalo, N .Y .1

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s tr ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
Num ­
ber
of
w ork ­
ers

A vera ge
h o u r ly
ea rn ­
in g s 1
2

8 ,4 2 2
8 , 169
253

$ 2 .9 6
2. 97
2 . 62

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f $ 2 . 50
and
u n d er
$ 2 . 60

$ 2. bO

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3. 50

$ 3. 60

$ 3 . 70

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 . 50

$ 3 . 60

$ 3 . 70

$ 3 . 80

over

38
4
34

377
237
140

472
451

1023
995
28

1454
1426
28

1424
1422

1256
1256

1498
1498
-

700
700

117
117
-

13
13

21
21

1
1

26
26

2
2

“

-

-

-

20
19
29
17
18
18
79

_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

1

12

38
4
_
34
-

482
108

4 26
37
31

18
5
-

-

23
-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

"

1 ,0 3 4
804
151
28
57

3. 02
2 .9 3
2 . 80
3. 04
2. 77

_

_
_
_
-

15
48
_
30

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d l i n g -------------------S t o c k c l e r k s --------------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t ) ------------------------

519
50

2. 75
2. 87
2. 83

-

_
_

89
5

224

10

C u s t o d ia l:
J a n i t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------W a tch m e n

120

D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s -----------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------

U n der
$ 2 . 50

“ $ 3'. iTD
and

21

2

-

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 3
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k i l l e d 4 -----------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n -------------------------M a c h in is t s , m a i n t e n a n c e --------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l ------------------------------P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e — ------------P ro c e s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s --------------------F i l l e r s ---------------------------------------------------------P u m p m e n ------------------------------------------------------

1 ,2 8 9
158

66
91
429
273
73

111

45

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

2. 63
2. 55

-

-

"

1
3

54
42

_
_

1
_
19

100

_
_
54

368
231
53

24

206
45

_
37
32

33

_

32

_

-

“

“

10
9

1

8

2

11
68
13
214
-

45
96
40
3
14

185

191
_
_
3
140

1
12

20
201
39
-

97

8

1
1

19
38
18

_

-

-

-

“

“

-

_

_

-

-

- •
-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

15
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

.

-

_

_

_

-

-

"

■

-

“

“

“

“

“

220
277
_
_

252
_
_

-

49
-

1 T he B u ffa lo S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a in c lu d e s E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n tie s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . A l l but 2 p e r c e n t o f the p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the stu d y w e r e p a id on a tim e b a s is .
3 D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
4 I n clu d e s da ta f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a ll y a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .




-

Table 12. Occupational Earnings: All Establishments— Charleston, W . Va.—O h io 1
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n t h e t ic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

of
w ork ers

A v e ra g e
$ 2.00
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s 2
u n d er
$ 2 .10

$2 .10

$ 2 .20

$ 2.3 0 $2.4 0 $2.5 0 $2.6 0

$ 2.70

$2.8 0

$2.9 0

$3.0 0 $ 3.10

$ 3.20

$ 3.30

$3.4 0

$ 3.50

$ 3.60

$3.70

$2 .20

$2.30

$ 2.40 $2.5 0 $ 2.60 $ 2.70

$2.80

$2.9 0

$3.00

$3.1 0 $3.2 0

$ 3.30

$ 3.4 0

$3.5 0

$ 3.60

$ 3 .7 0

over

139
132
7

458
456

295
294

1781
1775

1015
1015

374
374

2598
2597

1470
1459

14
14

1

6

-

-

1

11

-

-

-

-

42
-

2

166
30

110 1

8
2

-

-

53
31

217

783
79
71
37
157

-

2

60
39

93
119
71

6

660
69
18
70
130

151

-

192

39
27
-

37
103
-

42

12

230
504

218
-

585
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

45
106

-

4
44
-

1285
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48
45

8
6
121
22

62
-

18
28

-

-

20
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

5

~

11

-

-

-

7
9

-

53

-

-

-

"

■

"

-

-

7
-

7
-

"

and

9 , 647
9, 571
76

$3. 29
3. 29
2 . 88

49
48

130
130

100

31

-

3

2 ,9 6 2
283
189
234
582

3 .4 9
3 .4 9
3. 57
3 .4 8
3 .4 7
3. 51

-

-

-

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ----------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ----------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s ----------------------F i l l e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------P u m p m e n -----------------------------------------------------------

2, 364
609
375
96
108

3 .4 9
3. 15
2 . 92
2 . 89
3. 20

-

M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g -----------------------S to c k c l e r k s ------------------------------------------------------T r u c k d r iv e r s 6 ------------------------------------------------O th e r than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ----------------------------

411
107
203
73
29

2.
3.
3.
2.
2.

71
22
01
89

6
-

90

-

C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s ---------------------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------

83
176

3. 14
2 . 68

-

6

A ll p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------M e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------

103

75
70
5

6

10

-

5
5

-

6

345
335

10

2

190
181
9

595
586
9

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 4
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 5 ---------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------------I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n ------------------------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l ---------------------------------P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

222

-

-

50
-

-

-

-

-

-

20

17
36
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

156
-

85
-

156
-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

“

■

90

9
17

1

3
3
-

-

4
4
-

2

54

6

-

-

1

13

12 1

T h e C h a r le s t o n A r e a c o n s is t s o f K ana w ha , P u tm an , and C a b e ll C o u n tie s, W . V a . ; and L a w r e n c e C ou n ty , O h io .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . A ll p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the stu d y w e r e p a id on a tim e b a s is .
1 w o r k e r at $ 1 .9 0 to $ 2 .
D ata a r e lim it e d to m e n .
I n clu d e s data f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
I n clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a t e d .




-

-

Table 13.

Occupational Earnings:

All Establishments— Cleveland, Ohio*

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h ou rly e a r n in g s 2 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m ic a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

A ll p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s -----------------------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------------

A v e ra g e
h ou rly
of
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s 2

5, 848
5, 790
58

$ 3 . 12
3. 12
2 .4 8

U n d er
$ 2 . 30

$ 2 . 30
and
u n d er
$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 . 50

$ 3 . 60

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

$2. 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 . 50

$ 3 . 60

over

418
414
4

511
488
23

292
292

1055
1055
-

563
563

793
793

1073
1073

-

-

-

550
550
-

143
143
-

51
51
-

24
24
_
-

_
-

-

59

18
-

126
4

666

1

233
76
24

92
26
7

3
_
.

_

21
1

1

10

2

40

.

_
_

-

-

-

20

24

-

52
69
37
-

511
_
4

8
-

and

11 0
108

158
152

5

87
82
5

2

6

-

-

6

'

-

-

4
135
-

18
79

-

-

19

25

6

20

13

-

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 3
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k ille d 4 -----------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------I n s t r u m e n t r e p a i r m e n --------------------- -----M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------P ip e fit t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------

1 ,2 2 7
176
70
63
263
178

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

33
33
38
36
33
35

-

_
_
-

-

-

1, 191
379
464

-

-

2

6

6

20

-

-

18
-

45
-

11

3. 22
2 .9 9
2. 87
3. 29
2 .9 2
2 .8 5

"

-

M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h a n d lin g --------------------S t o c k c l e r k s --------------------------------------------------T r u c k d r iv e r s ------------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) -------------------------

96
53
47
62

2.
3.
3.
3.

C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s ------------------------------------------------------------J a n it o r s ----------------------------------------------------------

55
150

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s -------------------C o m p r e s s o r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------F i l l e r s ------------------------------------------------------------P u m p m e n --------------------------------------------------------

10
119

87
08
06
04

3. 00
2 . 80

-

12
6

_

6

-•

2
4

-

1

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

■

"

"

3

16
93

-

24
7
56
-

-

16
1

6
1
6
2
6
284
127
219

-

1

1

26
3

-

40
16
45
160
113

53
15

164

12

_
_
-

9
_
.
_
_

"

2

-

-

-

-

_

.
.
-

36

1

-

-

-

8
6

3

1
20

3

16

-

4

_
_

6

6

»

_

_

_

3

27

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

7

5

.

_

_

_

"

54

■

-

"

-

-

-

-

38
14
9
9

1 T he C le v e la n d A r e a c o n s is t s o f C u y a h oga , L a k e, A s h ta b u la , L o r a in , and S u m m it C o u n tie s.
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . A ll bu t 2 p e r c e n t o f the p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the s u r v e y w e r e pa id on a t im e b a s is .
3 D ata a r e lim it e d to m e n .
4 In c lu d e s da ta f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a v e a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .




1

128
50
5
-

1
8

Table 14. Occupational Earnings: All Establishments— Detroit, M ich.1
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 2 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m ic a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s tr ia l g a s e s ) and p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
D e p a r t m e n t and o c c u p a t io n

N u m b er
of
w ork ers

A vera g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s 1
2

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3. 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 . 50

$ 3 . 60

$ 3 . 70

$ 3 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 . 60

$ 3 . 70

$ 3 . 80

$ 3 .9 0

-

_
_
-

2

38
_
-

109
24
9
30

1

-

-

-

"

"

11

-

249
14
36
44
58

8

-

15
4

292

-

16

-

-

-

26

49
118
‘

109
31

67
64
-

65
-

11

16

36
-

32
-

5
3
7

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$ 2 . 70
and
u n d er
$ 2 . 80

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 3
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k ille d 4 -----------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n e n c e -------------------------I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n -------------------------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------------P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------------

714
70
51
132
137

P r o c e s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -------------------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ------------------------P u m p m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------

384
378
55

3 .4 2
3. 22
3. 29

-

-

30

3. 17
3. 18
3. 17

-

14

3
-

79

53
70

3. 08
2. 94

3

8
18

39

M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 ---------------------------------------------------O th e r than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r --------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t ) -----------------------------C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s -----------------------------------------------------------------J a n it o r s ----------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

16

$3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

52
55
58
54
50

-

4
-

-

48
-

113
28

32
54
52

1
1

10
10

11
2

-

30

14

8

33
9

-

-

4

-

1

■

“

"

■

6

-

-

"

“

T h e D e t r o it S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f M a c o m b , O ak la n d, and W ayne C o u n tie s.
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . A ll p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the stu d y w e r e p a id on a tim e b a s is .
D ata lim it e d to m e n .
I n clu d e s da ta f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis te d s e p a r a t e ly and fo r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
I n clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f ty p e o f tru c k o p e r a te d .




Table 15- Occupational Earnings:

All Establishments---- Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif.

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m ic a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)

D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s --------- ------ -------------------M en _____________________________________________
W o m e n _______________ __________________________

Num ­
ber
of
w ork ­
ers

A v erage
h ou rly
earn ­
in g s 2

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
$ 2 . 00
and
u n d er
$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2. 30

$ 2 . 40

$ 2. 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3. 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 . 40

$ 3. 50

$ 3 . 60

$ 3. 70

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2. 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2. 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3. 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3. 40

$ 3 . 50

$ 3. 60

$ 3 . 70

over

240
239

12 2
116

236
235

157
157

153
153

61
60

50
50

153
153

6

1

“

226
223
3

138
138

1

1

-

46
46
-

-

22
22

45
45
4

18

27
4

20
20

43
13

58
-

-

-

-

76
-

8

-

and

2, 390
2 , 291
99

$ 2 . 86
2 . 89
2 . 16

3 90

128
125
3

24
18

233
233

116

11 0

33
57

116

6

-

-

107
3

107
89
18

277
160
25

3. 33
3. 21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 . 89

2

12

-

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 4
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 5 ________________
M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l .......................................
H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce _____________
P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _____________
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _____________
F i l l e r s ________________________ _________________
P u m p m e n ______________________________________
M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n dlin g ______________
T r u c k d r iv e r s 6 _________________________________
O th er than s e m i - o r t r a il e r
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _________________
C u s t o d ia l:
J a n i t o r s ________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

315
215

22
25

12 2
31
13
50

35

3.
3.
2.
3.

17
08

88

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

24
-

-

12
7

10

2

-

32

45
36
-

32

22

24

1

50
14

12

-

1

8

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 . 69
2 . 92

-

_

_

2

6

-

32
-

12
12
6

15

-

28
-

27

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

8

-

4
4
14

21

2

~

~

~

12

“

"

2. 56

-

"

-

“

6

-

16
63
-

12
1

-

-

-

6

05

3. 06
2 . 80

-

12

48
18

44
44

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

“

3
3

-

-

-

-

“

-

"

T h e L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and A n a h eim —
Santa Ana— a r d e n G r o v e S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a s c o n s is t s o f L o s A n g e le s and O ra n g e C o u n tie s .
G
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . A l l but 2 p e r c e n t o f the p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the study w e r e p a id on a tim e b a s is .
I n c lu d e s 66 w o r k e r s u n d er $ 2 .
D ata li m it e d to m e n .
I n c lu d e s data f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d s e p a r a t e ly and fo r a ll o t h e r s w ho h ave a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a ll y a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f type o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




10
CD

Table 16. Occupational Earnings:

All Establishments— Louisiana1

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 2 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l ch em ica A s
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)

D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s -----------------------------M e n ---------- ------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------

Num ­ A v e r ber
a ge
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ­ ea rn ­
in g s 2
ers

8 , 108
8 , 091
17

$3. 19
3. 19
2. 24

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c :e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f $ 1 . 90 $ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2 . 60 $2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 S3. 30 $3. 40 $3. 50 $3. 60 S3. 70 $3. 80 $3. 90
and
u n d er
$ 2 . 00 $ 2 . 10 $ 2 . 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2 . 60 $2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 30 $3. 40 $3. 50 $3. 60 $3. 70 $3. 80 $3. 90 $4. 00
132
124

364
364
-

123
123
-

194
194

80
16
56
"

3

2

12

"

-

84
-

8

6
1

33
28
5

140
140

297
297
-

278
278
-

183
183

-

-

_
-

20

8

8

-

-

16

4

-

-

16

36
-

25
36
“

103
103

28

-

661
657
4

663
663

80

145

12
8
2

10
12

260
7
5
34
107
-

733
733
-

525
525

13
4
7

43

2
6

392
392
-

465
465

7
-

-

1175
1175

■

987
987
"

438
438

204
204
'

18
18

"

317
59
41
53
106
43

365
51
31
65

131
78
14
-

4
4
-

37
-

"
"
"
"
"

“

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 3
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 4 ------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n ---------------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l -------------------------P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e -----------P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s ------------C o m p r e s s o r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------F i l l e r s ------------------------------------------------------P u m p m e n --------------------------------------------------M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d l in g --------------S to ck c l e r k s --------------------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 ----------------------------------------O th er than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r -----------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ------------------C u s to d ia l:
G u a r d s ------------------------------------------------------J a n it o r s ----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

2, 373
268
207
155
826

202
98

1 , 118
1, 323
380
81

51
57
56
58
48
53
51

_
24

3. 53
3. 18

44
-

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

2 . 68

215

3. 16
2. 40
3. 04

329
95
73
38
23

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

41
04
94
95
84

-

141

3. 03
2. 51

-

86

12 1

12

-

23

23
-

4
24

-

10

19 2

-

-

3
-

6

-

4

3

10

4
-

-

_

16

2

-

-

6

”

-

59
3

2
2

38

20

-

6
-

1

5

71
-

-

1
- .
15
4
-

-

11

-

6

18

-

2

10
12

6

"

2

1

7

-

2

10

9

31

124
70
28
15

158
13
58

407

45
198

22
8

12
21

266
133
16

4
87

-

-

6

"

4
23
23

8
10
2

“

“

2

4

27

1

1

13
34
34
13
13

22

18

24

-

6

30
42
“

“

-

-

21
6

2

'

886
84
56
35
512
34
“

76
188
18

153
45
-

-

■

8
"

1

-

~

7

491
17
"
■

"
"
"

~

3

“

6

30

1
■

5

"
"

~
■
“
"

*

"

'

'

-

-

"

58

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the study w e r e p a id on a t im e b a s is .
I n c lu d e s 4 w o r k e r s u n d er $ 1. 90.
D ata w e r e lim it e d to m e n .
I n c lu d e s data f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and fo r all o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a te d .




-

Table 17. Occupational Earnings:

All Establishments— Newark and Jersey City, N.J. *

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h ou rly e a r n in g s 2 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m ic a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s tr ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f N u m b er A v e r a g e
of
h o u r ly
U n der
w o r k e r s e a rn in g s 2
$ 2 . 30

D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s 3 __________________________

4 , 380

$ 2 . 96

$ 2. 30
and
u n d er
$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 . 40

$ 2. 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2. 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2. 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3. 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3. 30

$ 3 . 40 "$ 3." 50

$ 3 . 60

$ 3 . 70 ~$ 3. 80

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 . 50

$ 3 . 60

$ 3 . 70

$ 3 . 80

57

and

45

84

11 0

77

533

626

815

463

334

288

182

414

89

30
44
39
46
21
38
83

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
.

.
_
_

_
_
.
_
_
_

9
_
_
_

20

12 1

74
_
3
_
19
_

126
3
3
_
98
_

366
43

_

-

-

-

-

-

12

21

-

-

-

3. 06
2. 93

-

-

-

259
135

153

202

117
_
_
_

"

-

32
24

58
_
4

43
_
48
_
13

8

100
8

-

23
144
19
-

219

-

-

-

_

5

_
_

_

90

_

_

-

"

-

17

17

3
27

3
-

6
2
12

_

_

_
_

10

.

-

22

3

42

56

"

"

"

~

-

.

192

over
71

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 4 ____________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e
I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n
......................... ......
M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e __________________
M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l _____ _________________
P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e . ________________
H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e _______________

812
67
39
50
239
194
33

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

P r o c e ss in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _________________
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _ ____
___
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s
_ _
.
F i l l e r s ________________________________________ _
P um pm en
. ....

650
577
572
59
41

2 . 79

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g . _______________
S to c k c l e r k s _____________________________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t ) __________________
C u s t o d ia l:
J a n it o r s

1
2
3
4

...............

.........

_

2. 77

2 . 90

73

2 . 68
2 . 99
2 . 81

123

I 2. 54

111
11

20

-

_
_
_

12
.

86

3
3

6
51
30
-

3
-

_
_
_

22
24
59
128
_
28
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
.
_
_

-

-

-

_
50

.
36

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

96
18

8
20

_
_
_

36
-

_
_
_

_
_

_
.
_

_

_
_

-

-

70

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T h e N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity Sta n da rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a s c o n s is t s o f E s s e x , H u d son , M o r r i s , and U n ion C o u n tie s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . A l l but 5 p e r c e n t o f the p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the stu d y w e r e p a id on a tim e b a s is .
A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s w e r e m en .
I n c lu d e s data fo r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h ave a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .




70

01

Table 18. Occupational Earnings:

All Establishments— Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls
2
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n t h e t ic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e l a s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)

D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s -----------------------M e n ------------------------------------------------------W o m e n -------------------------------------------------

Num ­
ber
of
w ork ­
ers
1 0 ,0 9 3
9, 835
258

A v era ge
h o u r ly
e a r n ­ U n der
i n g s 2 $ 2 . 00
$ 2 . 96
2. 97
2. 52

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f —
$ 2 . 00
and
un d er
$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 10

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 . 40

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 . 40

$ 3 . 50

$ 3 . 60

$ 3 . 70
and

$ 2 . 20

$ 2 . 30

$ 2 . 40

$ 2 . 50

$ 2 . 60

$ 2 . 70

$ 2 . 80

$ 2 . 90

$ 3 . 00

$ 3 . 10

$ 3 . 20

$ 3 . 30

$ 3 . 40

$ 3 . 50

$ 3 . 60

$ 3 . 70

over

191
174
17

382
342
40

622
609
13

428
410
18

524
500
24

688

1112
1 1 11
1

1068

989
970
19

578
570

471
468
3

542
542
-

397
396

12

674
669
5

92

674
14

926
920

_

_
_
_
_
5

_
_
_
_
_
-

8

6
2

11

109

46
_
_
_
.
_

172
17

83
5

369
30

147
14

6
6

22

10
10

187
_
3

2

8
8
89
23

-

-

-

_
_
25
25

_
18
_

95

24
162

12
8

-

4
5
_
_

5
4
_
3

12

64
53

47

11

286
273
13

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

59

6

1056

8

1

86
6

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 3
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k i l l e d 4 -----------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e -------In stru m e n t r e p a i r m e n --------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l -------------------P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e -------P r o c e s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s --------F i l l e r s ------------------------------------------------M i l l e r s ------------------------------------------------M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g --------S to ck c l e r k s ---------------------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s -------------------------------------S e m i- o r t r a i l e r --------------------------O th er than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r ----C o m b in a t io n o f t y p e s ------------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f o r k l i f t ) --------------------------------------------C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s ------------------------------------------------J a n it o r s -----------------------------------------------

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

34
33
45
45
17
36
79

_
_
_
_
-

-

3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

24
00
81
85
47

_

.
-

-

-

192
81
135
62
29
44
167

2, 69
2 . 88
2 . 96
3. 03
2. 89
2 . 90
2 .9 3

_
-

10

38

2 . 99

88

2 . 89
2 . 59

1 ,7 3 7
130

12 1
164

220
342
215

1, 131
782

6 11
201
51

140

_
-

_

_
_
_
_
-

21

6

28

24
_
54
.

10

36

-

_

_
9
_

8

12

68

60
_

123
_

2 12

4

-

-

-

8

62
43
3

-

3
_
_
_
_
_
3

42
9
_
_
_

39
_

51

15

2

20

_
_
_

11
8

_
48
35
13

_

-

9

-

1
6

-

6

1

6

_
3
_
17

6
1

3

-

-

5

6

_

_
15

_

_
_

11
2
6
9

_

_

1
2
159

_

8

9
17

19
18

92

120

6

_
18

249
28
26
29
_
41

-

-

-

-

-

-

342
23
43
59
91
-

348

86
104
61

242
_
_
_

189
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

22

-

31

82

8

128
141
_
_

10

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
23
13
-

4
32

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

1
12

4
7

15

_
3
53

29

12

_
_
_
_
_
_

6

23

-

-

-

-

-

10

_

21
9

6

21

_

8

-

-

6

'

"

_

6

_
35

7

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

3
50

57

"

21

"

■

"

_

_

"

"

_

20

_
_
-

44
172
»
4

20

_
32

-

7

_
_
_
3
5

“

1
T h e P h ila d e lp h ia S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S ta tis t ic a l A r e a c o n s is ts o f B u c k s , C h e s t e r , D e la w a r e , M o n t g o m e r y , and P h ila d e lp h ia C o u n t ie s , P a . ; and B u r lin g t o n ,
C a m d en ,
and
G lo u c e s t e r C o u n t ie s , N. J.
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the stu d y w e r e p a id on a t im e b a s is .
3 D ata lim it e d to m e n .
4 I n clu d e s data f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k ills n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in t e n a n c e tr a d e s w o r k e r s .







Table 19. Occupational Earnings:

All Establishments— San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.

(N u m ber and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls ,
s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

A ll p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s --------------------------M e n --------------------------------------------------------W o m e n ----------------------------------------------------

N u m b er A v e r a g e
$2.6 0
h o u r ly
of
and
w o r k e r s e a r n in g s 2
under
$ 2 .7 0

1,9 8 6
1 ,9 4 7
39

$ 3 . 24
3. 25
2 . 82

14

$2.70

$ 2.80

$2.90

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3.10

$ 3.2 0

$ 3.30

$3.4 0

$3.5 0

$3.6 0

$ 3.7 0

$2.80

$ 2.90

$ 3.00

$ 3 .1 0

$3.20

$3.3 0

$3.40

$ 3.50

$3.6 0

$3.7 0

over

283
276
7

188
188

346
346

198
198

-

-

250
247
3

-

-

3

116
106
-

120
12

99
172
-

16
96
-

-

and

37

128
106

34
34

173
173

7

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

12

7
52

48

75
38

-

100

12

3
13

-

-

-

“

“

■

331
331

2
2

-

-

21

237

3
18
-

229

-

“

-

22

_

-

85
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
39
"

S e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s 4
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k i l l e d 5 --------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l----------------------H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------

494
23
398
24

3.
3.
3.
3.

52
52
54
09

-

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ------- -C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ----------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e lp e r s -----------

297
361
173

3. 35
3. 23
3. 02

-

9

82

2. 75
3. 02

37

45

M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h a n d lin g -----------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) -----------------

22

"

-

19
"

8
9

6

45
-

8

“

1 T he San F r a n c i s c o — akland S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f A la m e d a , C on tra C o s ta , M a rin , San F r a n c i s c o , and
O
San M a te o C ou n ties.
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
A ll p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the stu d y
w e r e p a id on a tim e b a s is .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 2 . 3 0 to $ 2 .4 0 .
4 Data lim it e d to m e n .
5 In clu d e s data fo r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d s e p a r a t e ly and f o r a ll o t h e r s w ho h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k il ls n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly
q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s w o r k e r s .

N)

Table 20.

Occupational Earnings:

All Establishments— Texas Gulf Coast1

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 2 of p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m ic a ls
(e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s , and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s , N o v e m b e r 1965)

D e p a rtm e n t and o c c u p a t io n

A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s -----------------------------M e n _______________________________________
W o m e n -------------------------------------------------------

Num ­ A v e r­
ber
a ge
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ­ ea rn ­
in g s 2
ers
18, 229 $3. 45
1 8 ,1 7 9 3. 45
50 3. 18

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g £
3
$2. l"6 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10
and
under
$2. 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20

O f—

$3. 20

$3. 30

$3. 40

$3. 50

$3. 6o

$3. 70

$3. 80 $3. 90 $4. 00

$3. 30

$3. 40

$3. 50

$3. 60

$3. 70

$3. 80

$3. 90 $4. 00

1623
1595
28

918
916
2

5847
5846
1

2579
2579
~

282
282

and

299
291
8

573
571
2

642
642
-

1211
1211

-

956
956
-

-

1347
1345
2

_
6

6

11

4

27

37

30
3
27
44

113
3
18
-

40
7
2
-

300
24
22
26
22
30

3096
240
268
542
759

841
204
94
168
87
99
-

50
45
-

21
13
“

45
44
-

8
34

110

2
105

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

4
“

12
78
163
4
6
“

32
52
189

-

8
28
-

180
22
394
24
12
14

66
391
2
17
19
345

22
1031
40
20
49

328
14
“

721
1591
8
31

768
723
-

1
6

387
■

-

26
-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

23
159
156
48

12
118
42
9

2

26
6
28
7
16

12
37
9
9

2

14
14
2
12

6

-

3
8
8

27
3

-

~

-

-

-

“

"

■

~

4

-

18
12

16

-

75

12

33

56

-

-

-

-

6

6
16

-

"

"

"

305
300
5

111
111

390
390

-

79
79
-

-

"

_
-

-

-

-

.
14

12
-

32
-

8
2
-

27
-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

58
4

-

-

-

2

-

-

3 141
141
-

52
50
2

86
86

727
727

over
61
61
-

S e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 4
M a in te n a n c e :
M a in te n a n c e m e n , s k il le d 5 ------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------I n s tru m e n t r e p a i r m e n --------------------M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------M e c h a n ic s , g e n e r a l -------------------------P ip e fit t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------

4, 536
471
496
738
154
888
149

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

66
68
73
67
56
66
03

_
-

P ro ce s s in g :
C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ------------C h e m ic a l o p e r a t o r s ' h e l p e r s --------------C o m p r e s s o r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------F i l l e r s ----------------- ---------------------------------P u m p m e n ---------------------------------------------------

2, 517
3, 955
1, 077
93
61
463

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

66
56
06
39
30
36

-

M a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and h a n d lin g :
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d l in g -------------S to ck c l e r k s --------------------------------------------T r u c k d r iv e r s 6 ---------------------------------------------------O th er than s e m i - o r t r a i l e r --------------T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ------------------------

333
222
282
213
110

2.
3.
3.
3.
2.

76
26
12
10
98

C u s t o d ia l:
G u a r d s ---------------------------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------------

261
330

3. 28
2. 77

-

-

9
8

-

-

-

2

4

172
18
18
22

4
102

174

-

12

-

-

28

'

'

'

1 T h e T e x a s G u lf C o a s t a r e a c o n s is t s o f a ll T e x a s co u n tie s b o r d e r in g on the G u lf o f M e x ic o , and t h e ir co n tig u o u s co u n tie s .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts . A l l p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y the study w e r e p a id on a t im e b a s is .
3 I n c lu d e s 8 w o r k e r s u n d er $ 2 . 10.
4 D ata w e r e lim it e d to m e n .
5 In c lu d e s data f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly and fo r a ll o t h e r s w h o h a ve a c h ie v e d the s k il ls n o r m a lly a s s o c ia t e d w ith fu lly q u a lifie d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s w o r k e r s .
6 I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




T a b le 21.

M e th o d o f W a g e P a y m e n t

(P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s b y m e th o d o f w ag e p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
L o c a t io n s

R e g io n s

M e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t 1

U n ited
Sta tes 2

B order
States

M id d le
New
E n g lan d A tla n tic

_______

100

100

100

100

T i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s __________
F o r m a l p la n s ______________
S in g le ra te _____________
R a n g e o f r a t e s ______ ___
In d iv id u a l r a t e s - _________

95
93
66
27
2

91
89
74
16
2

89
86
59
27
3

96
95
68
27
1

5

9

11

4

A l l w o r k e r s ___

I n c e n t iv e w o r k e r s ____________

S ou th ­
w est

100
100
99
74
26
(3 )
-

G rea t
L ak es

M id d le
W est

P a c ific

100

100

100

97
95
57
38
2

96
95
51
44

99
95
75
20
4

3

4

1

1

B u ffa lo ,
N .Y .

100
98
98
65
33
(3 )
2

C h a rle s­
C le v e ­
ton ,
la n d ,
W. V a . O hio
O hio

L os A n g e le sL on g B e a ch
D e t r o it, and A n a h eim —
M ich .
Santa A n a G arden G ro v e ,
C a lif.

L o u i­
sia n a

San
N e w a rk
P h il a ­
F ra n ­
T exas
and
d e lp h ia , c i s c o —
G u lf
J ersey
P a .-N .J . O ak la nd, C o a s t
C ity, N.J.
C a lif.

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
34
66

100
100
100
-

98
98
81
17

100
100
93
7

-

98
98
89
9
-

94
93
90
3
2

-

2

-

2

-

6

-

100

100

100

100
99
55
45
(3 )

100
87
58
28
13

100
100
58
42

-

-

-

-

1 F o r d e f in it io n o f m e th o d o f w a g e p a y m e n t, s e e a p p en d ix A .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , su m s o f

in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a ls .

T a b le 2 2 .

S ch edu led W e e k ly H o u r s

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s , U n i t e d S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and l o c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
R e g io n s

W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s ____________
L e s s than 40 h o u r s ___________
40 h o u r s _______________________
4 l 7 2 h o u r s _____________________
42 h o u r s ________________________
O v e r 42 and u n d e r 44 h o u r s —
44 h o u r s ________________________
O v e r 44 and u n d e r 48 h o u r s —
48 h o u r s and o v e r ____________

U n ited
S ta tes 2

100
(3 )
85
2
4
2
2
2
4

B order
S tates

M id d le
New
E n g lan d A tla n tic

100

87
_
_
_
13
“

-

1
3
10

L o c a t io n s

G rea t
Lakes

M id d le
W est

P a c ific

C h a rle s ­
B u ffa lo ,
ton ,
N .Y .
W. V a . O h io




L o u i­
s ia n a

San
N ew a rk
F ra n ­
P h il a ­
and
d e lp h ia , c i s c o —
J ersey
P a .—N .J . O ak land,
C it y , N.J.
C a lif.

T exas
G u lf
C oast

'

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

.

.

.

.

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

90
4
2
(3 )
3

91
9
-

100
-

41
32
3
20
4
-

90
10
-

100
-

100
-

100
-

100
-

-

-

-

-

“

"

~

“

~

"

88
8
5

100
-

"

60
17
15
8

1
99
-

63
14
1
14
6
2

100
■

1 D ata r e la t e to the p r e d o m in a n t w o r k sc h e d u le f o r f u l l- t im e d a y -s h i ft w o r k e r s in e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d ition to th ose show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

C le v e ­
la n d ,
O hio

L os A n g e le s L o n g B e a ch
D e t r o it, and A n a h eim —
M ich .
Santa A n a G arden G rov e,
C a lif.

100

100
(3 )
74
11

S ou th ­
w est

s y n th e tic r e s in s ,

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a ls .

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

■

■

Table 23.

Shift Differential Practices

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on s e l e c t e d sh ifts in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s b y type o f sh ift and am ou n t o f s h ift d iff e r e n t ia l, U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
N ew E n g la n d

U n ited States 1

R o ta tin g sh ifts 2

F ix e d s h ifts 3

R ota tin g s h ifts 2

B o r d e r S ta tes

M id d le A tla n tic

F ix e d s h ift s 3

R ota tin g s h ifts 2

F ix e d s h ifts 3

R o ta tin g s h ifts 2

F ix e d s h ifts 3

S h ift d i ff e r e n t ia l
E vening

N ight

14. 5
14. 3
12. 2
_
. 3
.2
. 3
. 3
.6
. 3
1. 3
. 3
. 3
1 .9
2. 5
. 1
2. 5
1 .4
.2
.2
. 1

3. 6
3. 3
2. 8
. 1
. 1
. 1
(5)
.7
.6
.5
.2
. 3
. 1
. 1
(5 )

(5 )
(5 )
. 1
. 1
-

14. 9
1 4 .8
12. 6
.5
.7
.6
4. 0
2. 8
1. 9
. 3
. 9
. 1
.4
.2
.2
. 1
. 3
. 1
.2
-

(5 )
.2
(5 )
.2
-

.2
. 1
.2
(?)
()
(5 )
.3
.3
. 1
.3
(5 )
. 1
. 1
. 1

.2

1 .4

1. 3

.2

.2

1. 0
. 1
1 2 .6

.5
. 1

.5
.2

. 3

.2

D ay

E ve­
ning

N ight

O th er
la te

E ve-

E ve­
nin g

N ight

E ve­
nin g

N ight

D ay

1. 8
*

8. 5
8. 5
6. 8
. 6
2. 7
1 .6
1. 8
-

8. 4
8 .4
6. 7
2. 5
1. 7
2. 3
. 2
-

9. 1
7. 9
3. 3
.7
. 3
.7
. 3
. 3
. 9
. 1
1. 3
1. 3
-

6. 2
6. 2
2. 5
1. 0
.6
. 3
.2
.4
.5
.5

14. 3
4. 9
2. 2
. 5
. 2
.4
.4
.4
. 3
. 1
. 2
.2
-

14. 1
14. 1
11. 5
.5
.8
.9
1. 0
1 .7
2. 1
.8
2 .6
.2
. 1
.4
. 3
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12. 8
12. 8
1 0 .4
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1 .7
1. 2
1 .8
1 .8
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-

-

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1. 7

1. 7

3. 3

3. 3

. 2

2. 4

-

6. 7

-

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1. 2

-

“

D ay

E ve-

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N ight

18. 1
18. 1
18. 1
.7
.2
7. 0
1 .9
3. 8
.7
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3. 0
-

17. 8
17. 8
17. 8
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3 .6
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1. 9
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D ay

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2 .7
2. 0
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1. 3
1. 3
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.2
. 2

19. 0

2. 3

(5 )

(5 )

“

“

-

N ight

,

— ninE.

W o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on s e l e c t e d
R e c e iv in g s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------—
U n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r __________
U n d er 6 c e n t s ---------------------------6 c e n t s ___________________________
7V2 c c u t s
8 C6nts
„
9 c e n ts
IQ c e n t s __________________ ____
11 c e n t s _________________________
12 c e n t s _____________________ - —
I 2 V2 c e n t s ------ ------- ------------------13 ce n t s
14 ce n t s
15 c e n t s - ---------- ---------— ------16 c e n t s ------ --------------------------- —
17 c e n t s
18 c e n t s ------ ------ ---------- — ----- —
O v e r 18 c e n t s ----------------------------U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e —-------------------U n d e r 10 p e r c e n t -------------------- 10 p e r c e n t ______________________
O v e r 10 p e r c e n t -----------------------U n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r p lu s
p a id lu n ch p e r i o d n ot p r o v id e d
fix e d d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s - ________
P a id lu n ch p e r i o d n ot p r o v id e d
fix e d d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s _________
O the r _________________ _________ __
R e c e iv in g no s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le




15. 1
2. 5
1. 2
_
. 2
. 1
.2
. 3
. 1
. 1
_
_
. 1
-

-

2. 1
1 .9
1.6
(5 )
-

(5 )
(?')
(5 )
-

(?)
(5 )

(5 )
-

"

8. 5
1 .8
1 .8

"

2. 2
9 .4

"

.9
.9
.9
-

“

E ve-

N ight

-J s fo g

Table 23.

Shift Differential Practices— Continued

(P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on s e l e c t e d sh ifts in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s b y ty p e o f sh ift and a m ou n t o f s h ift d i ff e r e n t ia l , U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
G re a t L a k e s
R ota tin g sh ifts 2

M id d le W e s t

F ix e d s h ifts 3

R ota tin g s h ifts 2

S ou th w est

F ix e d s h ifts 3

R o ta tin g s h ifts 2

P a c if i c

F ix e d s h ifts 3

R o ta tin g s h ifts 2

S h ift d i ff e r e n t ia l

F ix e d s h ifts 3

S ch e d u le s
D ay
W o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on s e l e c t e d
s h ift s 4 ____________________________________
R e c e iv in g s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l _________
U n ifo r m ce n t s p e r h o u r
U n d er 6 ce n t s
6 c e n t s ___________________________

13. 4
1. 4
. 3
-

E ve­
ning

13. 0
12. 7
9. 1
.2

_

N ight

12. 9
12. 6
9. 0
-

c e n t s ________________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________
9 c e n t s ___________________________
10 c e n t s _________________________
11 c e n t s _________________________
12 c e n t s _________________________
12V? c e n ts
1 3 ce n t s
14 c e n ts
15 c e n t s _________________________
16 ce n t s _________________________

I1
_
_
-

-

I1
. 1
. 1
. 3
_
.9
. 1
1. 7
1. 6

18 ce n t s _________________________
O v e r 18 c e n t s __________________
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _____________ _
U n d er 10 p e r c e n t
10 p e r c e n t ______________________
O v e r 10 p e r c e n t _______________
U n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r p lu s
p a id lu n ch p e r i o d n o t p r o v id e d
fix e d d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s ________
P a id lu n ch p e r i o d n ot p r o v id e d
f i x e d d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s ________
O th e r _____________________________
R e c e iv in g no sh ift d iff e r e n t ia l _____

.2
_
_
-

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_
.2
.2
-

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1. 1
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S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f ta b le,




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3. 2
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O th er
la te

5. 6
5. 0
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4. 3
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6. 7
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18. 2
18. 2
12. 3
1. 4
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18. 2
18. 2
12. 3
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16. 5
16. 3
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D ay

16. 4
16. 2
16. 0
_

2. 6
2. 5
2. 5
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1 .4

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2. 7
2. 7
2. 7
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3! 5
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5. 8
5. 8
4 .6

-

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11. 9
11. 9
11. 9

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11. 9
11. 9
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ning

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ning

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_
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4.1
2.9
_

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1.4

_
_
.2

_
_

.4
3. 1
1. 9

_

_

. 5
2. 5

_
_

_

.2
_
_
_

_

_

1. 6
_
_

_

-

-

2. 1
4. 3

_

_

_

1. 1

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

1. 2

_

_

_
_

_

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_
_

-

-

-

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12. 2

_

_

_

_

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“

Table 23.

Shift Differential Practices— Continued

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d o n s e l e c t e d s h ifts in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s b y type o f sh ift and a m ou n t o f s h ift d i ff e r e n t ia l , U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
C h a r le s t o n , W . V a . —O hio

B u ffa lo , N. Y.
R ota tin g s h ifts 2

F ix e d sh ifts 3

R ota tin g s h ifts 2

C le v e la n d , O h io

F ix e d s h ift s 3

R o ta tin g s h ift s 2

D e t r o it , M ic h .

F ix e d s h ift s 3

R ota tin g s h ifts 2

F ix e d s h ifts 3

S h ift d iff e r e n t ia l

D ay
W o r k e r s e m p lo y e d o n s e l e c t e d
s h ifts 4
__ ____ _ ________ __ _
R e c e iv in g s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------- U n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r __________
U n d er 6 c e n t s __________________
6 c e n t s _______________ _______ _
7 c e n t s ____ __
___ _______
8 c e n t s ________ . _______
9 c e n t s _________
_ ___
10 c e n t s _____ ____
______
11 c e n t s ______ _________
12 c e n t s __________________________
13 c e n t s -------------- ----- -- --- --- -----14 c e n t s
_____ ______
__
15 c e n t s
__ __
_____ _ _
16 c e n t s _______________
____ _
18 c e n t s __ ____ — ~ ____ ___
O v e r 18 c e n t s _ _
__ ________
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _______________
10 p e r c e n t ___ __
_ _ _
U n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r p lu s
p a id lu n ch p e r i o d n ot p r o v id e d
f i x e d d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s _________
P a id lu n ch p e r i o d n ot p r o v id e d
fix e d da y - sh ift w o r k e r s -----------R e c e iv in g no sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f ta b le,




E ve­
ning

N ight

12. 2
6. 3
4. 9
1. 3
2. 0
1 .6
_
1 .4
1 .4

12. 3
12. 3
11. 0
3 .4
2. 1
2. 2
.9
2. 4
1 .4
1. 4

1 1 .6
1 1 .6
10. 9
1. 3
2. 1
1. 6
2. 1
. 5
2 .4
.9
.7
.7

-

-

5. 9

“

“

E ve-

N ight

D ay

n in8

E ve­
ning

N ight

14. 2
14. 2
14. 2
2 .6
2 .9
1 .6
7. 0
-

14. 0
14. 0
14. 0
2 .6
2. 9
1 .6
7. 0
-

E ve­
ning

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3. 2
3. 2
3. 2
.7
. 1
2 .4
-

0 .4
.4
.4
.4
-

D ay

E ve­

N ig h t

E ve­
ning

17. 3
17. 3
17. 3
.8
2. 5
4. 1
7. 8
.8
. 3
1. 0
-

1 6 .9
16. 9
16. 9
.5
.2
8 .6
2. 5
5. 1
-

0. 8
. 8
.8
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0 .9
.9
.9
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. 1
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ning

N ight

D ay

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ning

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E ve­
ning

1 5 .7
-

1 5 .7
15. 7
1 5 .7
14. 0
1. 8
-

1 5 .7
15. 7
15. 7
14. 0
1. 8
-

1. 0
1. 0
1. 0
1. 0
-

N ight

1. 0
1. 0
1. 0
1. 0
-

-

0. 8
.8
.8
.8
-

14. 2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

14. 2

“

"

”

-

16. 8

”

"

-

-

1 5 .7

“

“

“

"

2. 3
2. 3
2. 3
(5 )
2. 3
-

“

17.
1.
1.
1.
-

8
0
0

0

~

Table 23.

Shift Differential Practices— Continued

(P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on s e l e c t e d sh ifts in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , sy n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s b y ty p e o f s h ift and a m ou n t o f s h ift d i ff e r e n t ia l , U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a -G a r d e n G r o v e , C a lif.

L o u is ia n a
R ota tin g sh ifts 2

F ix e d s h ifts 3

R o ta tin g s h ift s 2

N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J.
R o ta tin g s h ift s 2

F ix e d s h ift s 3

F ix e d sh ifts 3

S h ift d iff e r e n t ia l
S c h e d u le s
D ay
W o rk e rs e m p lo y e d on s e le c te d
s h ift s * _ .....
_ ..... -R e c e iv in g s h ift d iff e r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r -------------U n d er 6 c e n t s
__
________
_ _
6 c e n t s ________
7 cen ts
__
__
_ __
8 c e n t s _ _ ____
__
9 cen ts _
___
__
_
_
10 c e n t s
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
11 c e n t s
_
12 c e n t s _ ______
13 ce n ts
_ _ _ _ _
_ __ __
14 c e n t s _______ _ , . _, , ____ _____
15 c e n t s — ._ ___,____ ___________
_
_
_
16 c e n t s
_____ _
18 c e n t s
__
_____
O v e r 18 c e n t s

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __
__ _
10 p e r c e n t
__
___
_
U n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r p lu s
p a id lu n ch p e r i o d n o t p r o v id e d
fix e d d a y -s h ift w o rk e r s
P a id lu n ch p e r i o d n o t p r o ­
v id e d fi x e d d a y -s h ift w o r k e r s __
R e c e iv in g n o s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ______

13. 7
_
_
-

-

E ve­
ning

1 3 .6
1 3 .6
13. 6
. 9
-

1 1 .4
_

1. 3
-

N ig h t

E ve­
ning

N ight

D ay

1 1 .6

13. 5
13. 5
13. 5

2. 7
2. 5
2. 5

2. 2
2. 2
2. 2

_
-

-

_
_
-

2. 5
_

-

-

. 9
-

2. 1
-

9 .2
-

1. 3

-

-

2. 2

E ve­
nin g

11. 1
11. 1
11. 1
-

.5
-

5 .4
3. 8
1. 5

N ight

11. 1
11. 1
11. 1
_
. 5
-

E ve­
ning

E ve­
ning

N ight

3. 8
3. 8
3. 8

1 7 .2
7. 3
7. 3

1 6 .9
16. 9
16. 9

-

_
_
-

-

-

-

1 .7
4 .6

2 .7
8 .7
1. 7

1 .4
4 .6

3. 8
_
_
. 8
2 .7

4. 1
5. 0

-

-

-

D ay

7. 2
7. 2
7. 2

-

1. 5

N ight

3. 8
-

1. 0
-

-

3. 8
-

1 5 .4
1 5 .4
1 5 .4

E ve­
ning

1. 1
1. 1
1. 1
-

.8

-

. 1
. 2
-

1. 0
. 7

3. 8
1. 2
2. 7

N ight

0. 3
. 3
. 3
. 3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13. 7

“

.2

”

1 1 .6

9 .9

"

"

“

“

S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le .




G)
CO

Table 23.

Shift Differential Practices— Continued

(P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on s e le c t e d sh ifts in e s ta b lis h m e n ts m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s , b y ty p e o f sh ift and a m ou n t o f sh ift d iff e r e n t ia l, U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — .J .
N
R ota tin g sh ifts 2

San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif.
O

F ix e d s h ifts 3

R ota tin g s h ifts 2

T e x a s G u lf C o a st

F ix e d s h ifts 3

R ota tin g s h ift s 2

F ix e d s h ifts 3

S h ift d i ff e r e n t ia l
S ch e d u le s
D ay
W o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on s e l e c t e d
s h ifts 4 ---------------------------------- ------- - __ —
R e c e iv in g s h ift d i ff e r e n t ia l---------- ^---- —
U n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r ------ *--------U n d e r 6 c e n t s --------------------------7 c e n t s ----------------------------------------- 8 c e n t s ____________ ____ _________—
9 c e n ts — — ----------------------- — -------10 ce n t s — _______ _____ _________11 c e n t s --------------------------------- —----12 c e n t s ---------------------------------------13 ce n t s — : -----------------------------------14 c e n t s ----------------------------------------15 c e n t s --------------------------- -— — —
16 c e n t s ------------— —— ----- — . . . . . .
18 c e n t s ------------------------------------ O v e r 18 c e n ts ------------------------------U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e — --------------------10 p e r c e n t . — ------------------------------U n ifo r m ce n t s p e r h o u r p lu s
p a id lu n ch p e r i o d n ot p r o v id e d
fix e d d a y - s h i f t w o r k e r s ---------------P a id lu n ch p e r io d n o t p r o v id e d
f i x e d d a y -s h ift w o r k e r s ------------- —
R e c e iv in g n o s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------- -

1
2
3
4
5

1 9 .0
9 .4
-

-

_
-

E ve­
ning

18. 1
18. 1
9 .0
1. 8
3. 6
L
•o
1. 6
_
1 .4
-

N ight

15. 9
1 5 .9
7. 3
1. 2
_

_
.
-

-

-

9. 1

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

D ay

0. 1

9 .7

(? )
(5 )

-

-

_

_

E vening

9. 6
9. 6
9. 6
-

-

(5 )
.
-

_
-

.
3. 8
1 .4

-

-

-

4. 4
-

-

.7

8 .6

-

-

N ig h t

-

0. 8
.7
.7
(5 )

1. 4
.6
.8
.4
1. 6
1. 0
-

9 .4
9 .6

E ve­
ning

-

-

-

. 1

. 1

N ight

9 .6
9 .6
9. 6
-

_
.
.
.
-

3. 8
5. 8
-

9 .7

Eve ning

N ight

D ay

E ve­
ning

8. 9
8 .9
5. 0
-

3 .4
3 .4
3 .4
-

17. 4
_
-

1 7 .4
1 7 .4
16. 9
-

-

-

_
_
4. 4
_
. 6
_
_
_
.
_
-

3 .4
-

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y not eq u al t o t a ls .




-

3. 9
-

-

-

"

■

"

*

17. 3
17. 3
1 6 .9
-

E ve­
ning

.
_
.
-

0. 3
. 3
. 3
-

-

-

7. 5
9 .4
_
_
_
.
_
_

I
_
.
_
1. 0
_
.
_
6. 1
9. 4
. 5
-

.5
1 .8
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
-

N ight

2. 3
2. 3
2. 3
-

_
_
_
_
.

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
. 3

_
-

-

_

.5

-

-

I n c lu d e s da ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
W o r k e r s a s s i g n e d to r o ta tin g s h ift s t y p ic a lly w o rk e d on the d a y , e v e n in g , and n igh t s c h e d u le s , s u c c e s s iv e ly .
W o r k e r s a s s i g n e d to fix e d s h ift s r e g u l a r ly w o r k e d e it h e r ev en in g o r n ig h t s c h e d u le s .
In a d d itio n to r o ta tin g and fix e d s h i ft s , o th e r t y p e s , su ch a s o s c il la t in g , a c c o u n te d f o r le s s than 0. 1 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s .
L e s s than 0 ,0 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

N ight

17. 4

.5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

Table 24. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r pa id h o lid a y s , U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
R e g io n s

N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s

U n ited
N ew
S t a te s 1 E ng lan d

L o c a t io n s

M id d le B o r d e r South - G re a t M id d le
P a c ific
A tla n tic
S ta tes w e st L a k e s W est

L os A n g e le s San
N e w a rk
L on g B e a c h
C h a rle s ­ C le v e ­
F ra n P h il a ­
and
B u f fa lo ,
D e t r o it, and A n a h e im — L o u i­
ton ,
la n d ,
cis c o d e lp h ia ,
N. Y .
M ic h .
Santa A n a - sian a J e r s e y
W. V a . O h io
P a . - N . J. O akland,
C ity, N. J.
G arden G rove,
O hio
C a lif.
C a lif.

T exas
G ulf
C oa st

____

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p r o v id in g p a id h olid a y s______________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
11
52

_

4
46

_
21
74

5
13
66

6
11
37

_
8
70

_
31

4
37

_
5
83

_
27
62

-

18

1
2
33

-

4
3
71

4
26

9
59

9
40

1
4

4
12

-

32
34

-

-

-

22

4
17

-

50

59

13

16

12

5
6

10
57

16

1
4
( 2)
1

4
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
7
5
-

6

-

-

-

-

(2 )

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
8
2
3

■

-

“

“

■

"

“

"

"

“

"

A ll w ork ers

L e s s than 7 d a y s __ _______________
7 d a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ____
8 d a y s ____
8 d a y s p lu s 1, 2, o r 3
h a lf d a y s
_
_
9 d a y s __
_ _ _ _
9 d a y s p lu s 1, 2, o r 3
h a lf d a y s
. _
T __
10 d a y s __ _____________________ _______
11 ^ a y s ______________________________
12 d a y s ______________________ ________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id h o lid a y s
_
_ _

-

-

_

-

1 In c lu d e s da ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to t h o s e show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y not eq u a l t o t a ls .

25

_

7
1
79

_
64
20

_

-

_
-

_

48

7
89

11
41

5

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

“

-

■

~

“

Table 25.

Paid Vacations

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r p a id v a c a t io n s a ft e r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s o f s e r v i c e ,
U n ited S ta tes , s e l e c t e d r e g io n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
R e g io n s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------

U n ited
S t a te s 1

M id d le B o r d e r South­
New
England A tla n tic S tates
w e st

L o c a t io n s
L os A n g e le s San
N ew a rk
L on g B e a c h
C h a rle s ­
F ranT exas
P h il a ­
C l e v e ­ D e t r o it, and Anaheirrr- L o u i­
and
G re a t M id d le
B u ffa lo ,
ton ,
P a c ific
cis c o —
G u lf
d e lp h ia ,
la n d ,
N. Y.
M ich .
J ersey
L a k es W e st
Santa A n a sia n a
W. V a . P a . — J. O ak la n d, C oa st
N.
O h io
C ity , N. J.
G arden G ro v e ,
O hio
C a lif.
C a lif.

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
6

100
76
24

100
97
3

100
95
5

100
95
5

99
88
11

100
97
3

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
53
47

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
98
2

100
100
-

100
92
8

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

(2 )
51
21
28

_

_
32

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ____ ______________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ---------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -----------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ------ -----------------------------

(2 )

-

-

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 3
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________
O v e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------

(2 )
54
8
36
2

_

82
-

18
-

_

_

63
4
33

44
_
56

-

-

38
13
45
4

.
45
6
48

_

_

_

_

93
7

64

79

49

-

-

-

-

68

36

21

51

-

40
18
43

-

-

-

-

_
51
33
16

-

-

(2)
38
24
38
-

_

_

19
5
69
6

-

42

21

59

65

-

8
92
-

-

-

-

-

58
-

79
-

41
-

35
-

100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
82
14
3

15
5
80

_

_

31

65

_

8
92

-

-

_

-

-

100

100

69

35

100

-

_
5
88
6

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
65
13
17
4

(2)
73
22
4

_

8
79

_

_

_

75
6

93

80

100

100

90

5
74

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
■

7

20

-

-

■

■

10
■

6
16

_

_

_

_

64
36

72
28

32
68

22
23
55

-

-

-

-

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------- ----------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

(2 )
34
7
55
3
1

_
47
1
51
-

_

_

39
3
58
-

25
2
73
-

-

-

_
20
7
56
14
3

_

_

_

_

_

_
34
51
5
11

_

_

_

_

33
67
-

66
34
-

100
-

11
7
60
23

-

-

-

-

5

_

.

-

-

-

80
5
11

100

_
11
89

_

-

100

77
23
-

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

3
3
89
4
1

5
1
94

_
2
98

-

1
2
94
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




(2 )
77
8
13
1

_

_

100

81
4
15

-

_
76
-

24
■

“

18
"

_

_

■

.

71
8
22
~

_

_

.

86

72

-

-

14
'

28

53
23
24

“

Table 25.

Paid Vacations---- Continued

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s w ith fo r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r pa id v a c a t io n s a ft e r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s o f s e r v i c e ,
U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 5 )
R e g io n s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y

U nited
S ta te s 1

L o c a t io n s

L os A n g e le s San
L on g B e a c h
N ew a rk
C h a rle s C le v e ­
F ran P h il a ­
T exas
N ew
D e t r o it, and A n a h eim — L o u i­
and
M id d le B o r d e r Sou th ­ G r e a t M id d le
B u ffa lo ,
to n ,
la n d ,
d e lp h ia ,
P a c ific
c i s c o — G u lf
S ta tes
N. Y.
M ich .
E ngland A tlan tic
w e s t L a k es W e st
sia n a
Santa A n a J ersey
W. V a . O h io
P a . - N . J. O ak land, C oa st
G arden G rov e,
C ity , N . J .
O hio
C a lif.
C a lif.

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 3— C on tin u ed
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------4 w e e k s --------------------- -------- ----------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------

(2)
8
8
69
1
12
1

_
16
9
76
-

_
6
4
73
3
14
-

9
69
22

_

_
1
1
78
4
16

2
70

_
13
74
12

-

-

_

_
1

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
7

80
20

87
13

84
16

78
22

-

-

-

74
5
6
11

85
_
15

-

82
17
-

_
_
83
3
14

-

-

4
16
20
55
5

(2)
19
6
40
34

1
51
31
17

.
93
7

4
13
20
53
10

(2)
14
6
45
34

1
39

(2)
11
23
62
(2 )
3

(2)
4
20
69

28
-

1
1
13
61
1
19
3

2
17
59
22

2
34
43
21

2
12

2
17

-

-

61
26

58
23

"

-

_

_
93
7

_
80
20

_
7
1
92
-

_
100
-

_
32
_
58
10

-

-

-

-

_

9
73
18

1
2
13
63
1
17
3

5
6
_
69
5
6
11

_
8
77
15

14
11
61
14

_
_
_
72
28

_
23
53
24

-

-

~

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------

_

(2)
2
6
72
2
17
1

5
80
1
13
-

2
23
4
54
17

5
27
68
-

2
16
4
57
19

5
24

_
-

-

7
-

( 2)
59
6
34

_

_

_

_
72
_
28
-

.
23
48
_
29
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ___ ________________ ________________ __
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------4 w e e k s --------------------- --------------------------- -----O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------A f t e r 25 y e a r s

o£

1
2

17

60
20

_
4
76
20

_
8
92

_
6
79
16

_
72
6
22

.

5
40
34
21

6
78
15

_
14
11
58
17

_
32

-

-

61
28

44
24

s e r v ice

U n d e r 3 w e e k s --------- -L.------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and unde r 4 w e e k s -------- ------------4 w e e k s --------------------------- ---------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------

-

57
13

1
14
2
61
22

_

_

-

_

_

-

4

8

5
7

6

-

-

-

62

-

-

-

-

_

43
17

93
7

76
20

79
13

84
16

15
22

67
21

66
27

_
9
11
63
17

1 I n clu d e s data f o r r e g io n s in a d d ition to t h o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
3 V a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , su c h a s p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s is .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b it r a r i ly ch o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r i ly
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t p r o v is i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s m a y in c lu d e c h a n g e s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
NOTE:

_
11

_

_

11

25

_

_

61
28

46
29

r e f le c t the

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , su m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m ay not eq u a l t o t a ls .




CO

GO
00

Table 26.

Health, Insurance, and Retirement Plans

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s ,
and n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s w ith s p e c i fie d h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and r e t ir e m e n t p la n s , U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and l o c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
L o c a t io n s

R e g io n s

T y p e o f p la n 1

A l l w o r k e r s ------------- ------ ----------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p r o v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d -----------------------J o in t ly fin a n c e d ---------------------A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e ---------- -------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d -----------------------J o in t ly fin a n c e d -----------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t
in s u r a n c e o jtjfu c k le a v e o r b o t h 3—
S ic k n e s s a n d & s c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ..
E m p lo y e r fi n a n c e d ____ _______ _
J o in t ly fi n a n c e d _________________
S ic k le a v e (f u ll p a y , no
w a itin g p e r io d )____________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l pa y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) __________ _________
H o s p ita liz a t io n in s u r a n c e — -------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ----------------------—
J o in t ly fin a n c e d --------------------------- —
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------ ----------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d -----------------------J o in t ly fin a n c e d ------------- ---------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d -----------------------J o in t ly fin a n c e d ---------- ------------------C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e — ------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d --------*--------------J o in t ly fin a n c e d ----------------------------R e t ir e m e n t p la n s :
P e n s i o n s ---------•
---------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ------------------J o in t ly fin a n c e d ----------------•
-------L u m p -s u m p a y m e n ts -------------------N o p la n s ------------------------------------------------

N ew
M id d le B o r d e r S ou th ­
U n ited
S ta tes 2 England A tla n tic S tates w e s t

L os A n g e le s L on g B e a ch
C h a rle s ­ C le v e ­
G r e a t M id d le
D e t r o it , and A n a h e im — L o u i­
B u ffa lo,
ton ,
la n d ,
P a c ific
s ia n a
L a k es W est
M ic h .
N. Y ,
Santa A n a W. V a . O h io
G arden G rove,
O hio
C a lif.

San
N e w a rk
P h il a ­
F ra n ­
T ex a s
and
d e lp h ia ,
c i s c o — G u lf
Jersey
P a . - N . J. O akland, C oa st
C it y , N . J .
C a lif.

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
54
45

95
40
55

98
70
28

100
59
41

100
41
59

98
41
57

100
73
27

94
66
28

92
61
31

100
50
50

99
54
44

100
84
16

100
73
27

100
41
59

94
68
26

100
84
16

82
38
44

100
34
66

55
32
23

90
37
53

52
46
6

39
22
17

39
21
18

68
31
37

44
12
32

54
40
14

82
82
_

16
16
_

78
51
27

72
56
16

82
72
10

45
9
36

49
41
8

67
62
4

31
11
20

36
28
8

97
86
43
44

95
94
41
53

95
89
51
39

98
97
43
54

98
81
34
47

97
88
39
48

100
65
25
40

99
48
28
19

92
92
85
7

100
100
25
75

100
94
50
44

100
100
84
16

100
49
31
18

95
88
60
28

100
100
39
61

100
100
36
64

97
51
24
28

100
80
15
65

20

6

26

23

11

9

44

68

7

20

6

_

79

15

33

16

56

11

28
99
61
38
99
60
39
89
51
37
46
18
29

100
37
63
100
37
63
100
37
63
77
14
63

18
100
81
19
100
81
19
74
61
13
25
14
11

35
100
67
33
100
65
35
93
58
35
40
12
28

48
99
40
60
99
40
60
93
34
59
70
19
51

38
96
48
48
98
45
53
94
43
51
48
24
24

32
100
46
54
100
46
54
97
43
54
44
6
38

23
100
66
34
100
66
34
98
63
34
71
34
37

45
100
92
8
100
92
8
74
74
_
_
_

55
100
50
50
100
50
50
100
50
50
77
16
61

27
93
70
23
100
54
46
92
47
44
59
37
22

_
100
84
16
100
84
16
100
84
16
94
79
16

21
100
58
42
100
58
42
100
58
42
92
44
48

22
100
51
49
100
51
49
81
43
37
74
33
42

20
100
72
28
100
72
28
85
57
28
46
17
29

_
100
91
9
100
91
9
97
88
9
32
23
9

17
100
71
29
100
71
29
93
64
29
66
34
32

63
100
25
75
100
25
75
99
21
78
80
18
62

86
84
2
1

90
84
7

97
94
3
7

99
78
22

94
60
34

100
100

100
100

98
91
7
1

100
100
_

62
45
17

100
77
23

86
66
20

95
95

-

-

-

81
73
8
8

-

-

-

89
84
5
26

99
79
21
-

"

“

95
87
8
2
2

"

“

"

~

~

"

94
83
10
2
(4 )

“

-

-

19
"

"

-

-

“

1 I n clu d e s o n ly t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t p a rt o f the c o s t is b orn e b y the e m p lo y e r and e x c lu d e s le g a ll y r e q u ir e d p la n s su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n and s o c i a l s e c u r it y ; h o w e v e r,
p la n s r e q u ir e d b y S tate t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i li t y in s u r a n c e la w s a r e in clu d e d i f the e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u i r e d o r the e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e b e n e fit s in e x c e s s o f the le g a l r e ­
q u ir e m e n ts .
2 I n clu d e s da ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to t h o se show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 U n d u p lic a te d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Table 27.

Nonproduction Bonuses

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s i c in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s ,
n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s w ith s p e c ifie d ty p e s o f n o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s , U nited S ta tes, s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and lo c a t io n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
R e g io n s

T y p e o f b on u s

U n ited
S ta tes 1
2

M id d le
N ew
E n g lan d A tla n tic

L o c a t io n s
C h a rle s ­
B u ffa lo ,
ton ,
N .Y .
W. V a . O hio

C le v e ­
la n d ,
O h io

L os A n g e le s L ong B ea ch
D e t r o it , and A n a h eim —
M ic h .
Sa nta A n a G arden G rov e,
C a lif.

S o u th ­
w est

G rea t
L a k es

M id d le
W est

P a c ific

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1

18
16
1
1

3
3

8
8
“

“

48
48
-

-

“

31
17
10
4

“

26
26
“

10
10
■

24
24
"

46
46
"

20
8
11

11
11
-

82

97

69

92

100

52

100

74

90

76

54

80

89

A l l w o r k e r s ___________

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith n o n p r o d u c t io n
bonuses,
__ ___
__
C h r is t m a s o r y e a r e n d ___
P r o f i t s h a r in g _
O th e r
__

15
13
1
1

11
4
7
-

24
21
1
2

1
-

10
10
~

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith no n o n p r o d u c t io n
bon u ses
___ —
-----

85

89

76

99

90

-

L o u i­
sia n a

San
N e w a rk
T exas
F ra n ­
P h ila ­
and
d e lp h ia , c i s c o —
G u lf
J ersey
P a .—N .J . O akland, C o a st
C ity , N .J.
C a lif.

B order
States

1 In c lu d e s da ta f o r r e g i o n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a t e ly .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n ot eq u a l to t a ls .

T a b le 28 .

O t h e r Selected Be ne fits

( P e r c e n t o f p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s m a n u fa ctu rin g b a s ic in d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a ls (e x c e p t in d u s t r ia l g a s e s ) and p l a s t ic s m a t e r ia ls , s y n th e tic r e s in s ,
an d n o n v u lc a n iz a b le e la s t o m e r s p r o v id in g c o s t - o f - l i v i n g p a y a d ju s t m e n t s , fu n e r a l le a v e p a y , ju r y duty p a y , s e v e r a n c e p a y , s u p p le m e n ta l u n e m p lo y m e n t
b e n e fit s , and w o rk c lo t h in g a ll o w a n c e , U n ited S ta te s , s e l e c t e d r e g i o n s , and l o c a t i o n s , N o v e m b e r 1965)
L o c a t io n s

R e g io n s

Item 1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith p r o v is i o n s fo r :
C o s t-o f-liv in g pay
a d j u s t m e n t s ______ ______
CPI
___________________
F u n e r a l le a v e p a y ______
J u r y du ty p a y _____ ____
S e v e r a n c e pa y ----------------S u p p le m e n ta l u n e m p lo y ­
m e n t b e n e f i t s __________
W o r k c lo t h in g a llo w a n c e :
C lo th in g p r o v id e d _ ____
M o n e t a r y a llo w a n c e ____
C o m b in a t io n o f c lo t h in g
and m o n e t a r y
a llo w a n c e ______________

U n ited
S ta tes 2

N ew
M id d le
E n glan d A tla n tic

B order
States

S ou th ­
w est

M id d le
W e st

P a c ific

B u ffa lo ,
N. Y.

C h a rle s ­ C le v e ­
to n ,
la n d ,
W. V a . O hio
O hio

12
12
93
94
40

91
89
15

11
11
97
90
63

8
8
94
93
50

84
100
41

42
42
95
95
21

95
95
34

88
93
21

31
31
100
69
43

21
21
96
100
81

7

13

( 3)

4

18

6

16

11

-

-

39
6

13
60

49
9

18
2

24
1

46
( 3)

56
6

46
5

42
-

26
-

4

-

7

8

2

-

8

3

1 F o r d e f in it io n s o f i t e m s , s e e a p p en d ix A .
2 I n c lu d e s da ta f o r r e g io n s in a d d itio n to th o s e show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




G rea t
L a k es

4

3

23
23
93
99
13

L os A n g e le s L o n g B e a ch
D e t r o it, and A n a h eim rM ic h .
Santa A n a G arden G rov e,
C a lif.

84
84
100
100

L o u i­
sian a

San
N e w a rk
P h ila ­
F ra n ­ T exas
and
d e lp h ia ,
c i s c o — G u lf
J ersey
P a . - N . J . O ak land, C o a st
C ity , N .J .
C a lif.

85
100
19

-

-

-

-

68
84
14

100
100
81

89
82
67

100
97
51

93
100
56

-

30

26

-

-

-

7

6
1

6
-

52
-

26
-

57
13

19
17

63
17

27
-

-

-

-

9

-

5

-




Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey
Scope of Survey
The survey included establishm ents prim arily engaged in manufacturing basic in ­
dustrial inorganic and organic ch em ica ls, except industrial g a ses, (industry group 281,
except 2813) or p la stics m a teria ls, synthetic resin s, and nonvulcanizable elastom ers (in ­
dustry 2821) as defined in the 1957 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual
and the 1963 Supplement, prepared by the U .S. Bureau of the Budget. Plants manufacturing
fission able products and separate auxiliary units, such as central o ffic e s and re se a rch la b ­
o ra to rie s, w ere excluded.
The establishm ents studied w ere selected from those em ploying 50 w ork ers or m ore
at the tim e of refe re n ce of the data used in com piling the universe lists.
The number of establishm ents and w ork ers actually studied by the Bureau, as w ell
as the number estim ated to be within scope of the survey during the payroll period studied,
are shown in the table on the follow ing page.
Method of Study
Data w ere obtained by personal v isits of Bureau field econ om ists under the direction
of the Bureau* s A ssistant Regional D ire cto rs for Wages and Industrial R elations. The survey
was conducted on a sample b asis.
To obtain appropriate a ccu ra cy at minimum cost, a
greater proportion of large than of sm all establishm ents was studied.
In com bining the
data, how ever, all establishm ents w ere given their appropriate weight.
A ll estim ates are
presented, th e re fo re , as relating to all establishm ents in the industries, excluding only those
below the minim um size at the tim e of re feren ce of the universe data.
Establishment Definition
An establishm ent, fo r purposes of this study, is defined as a single physical lo c a ­
tion where industrial operations are perform ed. An establishm ent is not n e ce ssa rily identical
with the com pany, which may con sist of one or m ore establishm ents.
In this bulletin the
term s "plant" and "establishm ent" are used interchangeably.
Employment
The estim ates of the number of w ork ers within the scope of the study are intended
as a general guide to the size of com position of the labor fo r c e included in the survey.
The advance planning n e ce ssa ry to make a wage survey requ ires the use of lists of estab­
lishm ents assem bled con siderably in advance of the payroll period studied.
Production W orkers
The term "production w o r k e r s ," as used in this rep ort, includes working forem en
and all n on su pervisory w ork ers engaged in nonoffice functions. A dm inistrative, executive,
p rofession a l, and technical personnel, and fo rce -a cco u n t construction em ployees, who w ere
utilized as a separate work fo r c e on the firm *s own p rop erties, w ere excluded.
Occupations Selected for Study
Occupational cla ssifica tio n was based on a uniform set of job descrip tion s designed
to take account of interestablishm ent and interarea variations in duties within the same job.
(See appendix B for these descrip tion s. ) The occupations w ere chosen for their num erical
im portance, their usefulness in collectiv e bargaining, or their representativeness of the
entire job scale in the industry.
Working su p ervisors, apprentices, lea rn ers, beginners,
trainees, handicapped, pa rt-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w ork ers w ere not reported
in the data for selected occupations but w ere included in the data for all production w ork ers.




41

42
Estimated Number of Establishments and Workers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied,
Industrial Chemicals Industry, November 1965
Number of establishments
Industry branch,
region,1 States, and location2

Within scope of
study 3

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied
T otal4

Production
workers

Studied
Total

A ll establishments:
United States 5 ------------------------------------------------------New England --------------------------------------------------Middle Atlantic ^ --------------------------------------------B u ffa lo --------------------------------------------------------Newark and Jersey C i t y ----------------------------Philadelphia------------------------------------------------Border States 6 ------------------------------------------------Charleston--------------------------------------------------Southwest ^ ------------------------------------------------------Louisiana----------------------------------------------------Texas Gulf Coast --------------------------------------Great Lakes ^ 7 ------------------------------------------------Cleveland --------------------------------------------------D e tr o it--------------------------------------------------------Middle W e s t ----------------------------------------------------Pacific ^ ------------------------------------------------------------

695
54
199
19
27
36
63
12
86
28
38
128
24
6
23
69

288
16
73
8
10
15
31
8
39
15
15
65
13
5
14
24

250, 907
1 1 ,1 4 2
71,091
1 1 ,4 9 8
6 ,3 6 4
1 4 ,5 1 6
3 1 ,7 8 8
1 3 ,8 4 4
4 6 ,0 6 2
1 1 ,5 9 8
27, 437
4 5 ,0 2 2
8, 200
5 ,1 6 4
1 0 ,6 4 4
1 0 ,6 7 4

1 6 8 ,5 1 5
6 ,9 3 1
4 7 ,3 2 6
8 ,4 2 2
4 ,3 8 0
1 0 ,0 9 3
2 2 ,3 1 4
9 ,6 4 7
3 1 ,8 0 0
8 ,1 0 8
1 8 ,2 2 9
3 0 ,1 5 0
5 ,8 4 8
3 ,4 0 7
7, 529
6 ,3 8 3

1 7 3 ,2 2 5
5 ,1 8 7
4 9 ,1 0 5
7, 731
4 ,0 7 8
1 0 ,6 5 8
24, 795
1 1 ,5 1 0
30, 054
9 ,0 4 4
1 6 ,4 3 9
33, 732
6 ,4 8 2
4, 836
8 ,2 3 6
4 ,9 5 4

Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa Ana—
Garden Grove --------------------- San Francisco— a k la n d ----------------------------O

32
24

10
8

4, 089
3 ,5 4 7

2 ,3 9 0
1 ,9 8 6

1 ,651
1 ,4 3 9

Basic inorganic and organic chemicals:
United States5 ------------------------------------------------------New England----------------------------------------------------Middle A t la n t ic ----------------------------------------------Border States----------------------------------------------------Southwest----------------------------------------------------------Great Lakes------------------------------------------------------Middle W e s t ----------------------------------------------------P a c ific ---------------------------------------------------------------

487
22
134
51
68
90
19
44

208
7
50
24
32
45
12
17

1 9 0 ,1 9 7
4 ,0 5 5
4 6 ,9 0 4
24, 575
4 2 ,1 5 1
35, 381
8 ,8 0 4
7, 890

1 2 8 ,2 2 0
2 ,5 1 0
3 1 ,2 9 3
1 7, 207
2 9 ,2 8 6
2 3 ,7 0 7
6 ,1 2 5
4 ,9 1 5

1 3 5 ,2 5 4
2 ,9 0 6
3 2 ,4 5 2
18,8 6 1
27, 745
2 6,291
7, 594
4 ,0 9 0

Plastics materials and elastomers^
United States 5 ------------------------------------------------------Middle A t la n t ic ----------------------------------- ----------Border States----------------------------------------------------Great L akes-------------------------------------------------------

208
65
12
38

80
23
7
20

60, 710
2 4 ,1 8 7
7 ,213
9 ,6 4 1

4 0 ,2 9 5
1 6 ,0 3 3
5 ,1 0 7
6 ,4 4 3

3 7,971
16,6 5 3
5 ,9 3 4
7,441

1 The regions used in this study include: New England— Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island,
and Vermont; Middle Atlantic— New Jersey, New York, and Pennyslvania; Border States— Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky,
Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southwest— Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; Great Lakes— Illinois, Indiana, Michigan,
Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin; Middle West-— Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; and Pacific—
California, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington.
2 For definition o f locations, see footnote 1, tables 11—15 and 1 7 -2 0 .
3 Includes only establishments with 50 workers or more at the tim e of reference of the universe data.
4 Includes executive, professional, office clerical, and other workers excluded from the production worker category shown
separately.
5 Includes data for regions in addition to those shown separately. Alaska and Hawaii were not included in the study.
6 Includes data for areas in addition to those shown separately.
7 Includes establishments in the Ohio portion of the Charleston, W . V a .— Ohio, area.

Wage Data
The wage inform ation relates to average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Incentive
payments, such as those resulting from piecew ork or production bonus system s and c o s tof-liv in g bonuses w ere included as a part of the w o rk e rs 1 regular pay; but nonproduction
bonus payments such as Christm as or yearend bonuses w ere excluded.
. A verage (mean) hourly rates or earnings for each occupation or other group of
w ork ers, such as men, women, or production w ork ers, w ere calculated by weighting each
rate (or hourly earnings) by the number of w ork ers receivin g the rate, totaling, and dividing
by the num ber of individuals.
The hourly earnings of salaried w ork ers w ere obtained by



43

dividing their straight-tim e salary by norm al rather than actual hours.
The median d e s ­
ignates position, that is, on e-h alf of the em ployees surveyed receiv ed m ore than this rate
and one-half receiv ed le ss.
The m iddle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth
of the em ployees earned le ss than the low er of these rates and one-fourth earned m ore than
the higher rate.
Size of Community
Tabulations by size of community pertain to m etropolitan and nonm etropolitan areas.
The term "m etropolitan area, " as used in this bulletin, re fe rs to the Standard M etropolitan
Statistical A reas as defined by the U. S. Bureau of the Budget through M arch 1965.
Except in New England, a Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea is defined as a
county or group of contiguous counties which contains at least one city of 50, 000 inhabitants
or m ore. Contiguous counties to the one containing such a city are included in a Standard
M etropolitan Statistical A rea, if, accordin g to certain criteria , they are essentially m e tr o ­
politan in character and are socia lly and econom ically integrated with the central city. In
New England, where the city and town are adm inistratively m ore important than the county,
they are the units used in defining Standard M etropolitan Statistical A reas.
Labor-M anagem ent A greem ents
Separate wage data are presented, where possib le, for establishm ents with (1) a
m ajority of the production w ork ers cov ered by labor-m anagem ent contracts, and ( 2 ) none
or a m inority of the production w ork ers covered by labor-m anagem ent contracts.
Method of Wage Payment
Tabulations by method of wage payment relate to the number of w ork ers paid
under the various time and incentive wage system s.
F orm al rate structures fo r tim e­
rated w ork ers provide single rates or a range of rates for individual job ca teg ories.
In
the absence of a form a l rate structure, pay rates are determ ined p rim a rily with referen ce
to the qualifications of the individual w orker.
A single rate structure is one in which the
same rate is paid to all experienced w ork ers in the same job classification .
L earn ers,
apprentices, or probationary w ork ers may be paid according to rate schedules which start
below the single rate and perm it the w ork ers to achieve the full job rate over a period of
time.
Individual experienced w ork ers may occasion ally be paid above or below the single
rate for special reasons, but such payments are regarded as exceptions.
Range of rate
plans are those in which the m inim um a n d /or maximum rates paid experienced w ork ers for
the same job are specified.
Specific rates of individual w ork ers within the range may be
determ ined by m erit, length of serv ice, or a com bination of various concepts of m erit, and
length of se rv ice . Incentive w ork ers are cla ssified under piecew ork or bonus plans. P ie c e ­
work is w ork for which a predeterm ined rate is paid for each unit of output.
P roduction
bonuses are based on production in e x cess of a quota or for com pletion of a job in less
than standard tim e.
Scheduled Weekly Hours
Data on weekly hours re fe r to the predominant work
duction w ork ers em ployed on the day shift.

schedule for fu ll-tim e

pro­

Shift P ra ctice s and D ifferentials
Data relate to shift p ra ctice s of establishm ents during the payroll period studied
and are presented in term s of the proportion of production w ork ers actually em ployed under
the conditions specified. W orkers assigned to rotating shifts variou sly w ork on day, evening,
and night shifts and w ork ers assigned to fixed shifts regularly work on their assigned shift.
Supplementary Wage P rovision s
Supplementary benefits w ere treated statistically on the basis that if form al p r o ­
visions w ere applicable to on e-h alf or m ore of the production w ork ers in an establishm ent,
the benefits w ere con sidered applicable to all such w ork ers. Sim ilarly, if few er than onehalf of the w ork ers w ere covered , the benefit was considered nonexistent in the estab lish ­
ment.
Because of le n g th -o f-se r v ic e and other eligibility requirem ents, the prop ortion of
w ork ers receivin g the benefits may be sm aller than estimated.



44

Paid H olidays.
vided annually.

Paid-holiday provisions relate to fu ll-d ay and half-day holidays p r o ­

Paid V acation s. The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arrangem ents,
excluding inform al plans whereby time off with pay is granted at the d iscretion of the e m ­
ployer or the su pervisor.
Payments not on a time basis w ere converted; for exam ple, a
payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con sidered the equivalent of 1 week* s pay. The
periods of se rv ice fo r which data are presented w ere selected as representative of the m ost
com m on p ra ctice s, but they do not n ecessa rily reflect individual establishm ent provision s
fo r prog ression .
F or exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years of s e r v ­
ice may include changes which occu rred between 5 and 10 y ea rs.
Health, Insurance, and Retirem ent P lan s. Data are presented for health, insurance,
pension, and lum p-sum retirem ent payment plans for which all or a part of the cost is borne
by the em ployer, excluding program s required by law, such as w orkm en1s com pensation and
social security. Among the plans included are those underwritten by a com m ercia l insurance
company and those paid directly by the em ployer from his current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident
insurance is lim ited to that type of insurance under which predeterm ined cash payments
are made d irectly to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Inform ation is presented for all such plans to which the em ployer contributes
at least a part of the cost.
H ow ever, in New York and New Jersey , where tem porary d is ­
ability insurance laws require em ployer con trib u tion s,1 plans are included only if the e m ­
1
ployer (1) contributes m ore than is legally required or (2) provides the em ployees with ben ­
efits which exceed the requirem ents of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are lim ited to form al plans which provide full
pay or a proportion of the w o rk e r’ s pay during absence from work because of illn e ss; in­
form al arrangem ents have been om itted.
Separate tabulations are provided accordin g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans providing either partial
pay or a waiting period.
M edical insurance re fe rs to plans providing for com plete or partial payment of
d o cto rs ' fe e s.
Such plans may be underwritten by a co m m e rcia l insurance com pany or a
nonprofit organization, or they may be self-in su red .
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es r e fe rre d to as extended m edical insurance, in ­
cludes the plans designed to cov er em ployees in case of sickness or injury involving an e x ­
pense which goes beyond the norm al coverage of hospitalization, m ed ical, and surgical plans.
Tabulations of retirem ent pensions are lim ited to plans which provide, upon r e t ir e ­
ment, regular payments for the rem ainder of the w o rk e r1s life.
Data are presented se p ­
arately for lum p-sum retirem ent pay (one payment or a sp ecified number over a period of
tim e) made to em ployees upon retirem ent.
Establishm ents providing both lum p-sum pay­
ments and pensions to em ployees upon retirem ent w ere con sidered as having both retirem ent
pension and lum p-sum retirem ent pay. Establishm ents having optional plans providing e m ­
ployees a ch oice of either lum p-sum retirem ent payments or pensions w ere considered as
having only retirem ent pension benefits.
Nonproduction B on u ses. Nonproduction bonuses are defined for this study as bonuses
that depend on fa ctors other than the output of the individual w orker or group of w ork ers.
Plans that defer payments beyond 1 year were excluded.
C o st-o f-L iv in g A djustm ents. P rov ision s for c o s t-o f-liv in g adjustments relate to
form al plans whereby wage rates are increased period ica lly in keeping with changes in the
Consumer P rice Index or on som e other basis.

1 The temporary disability insurance laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.




45

Paid Funeral and Jury Duty L eave.
Data for paid funeral and jury duty leave are
lim ited to form a l plans which provide at least partial payment for time lost as a result of
attending funerals of sp ecified fam ily m em bers or serving as a ju ror.
Supplemental Unemployment B en efits. Data relate to form al plans designed to sup­
plem ent benefits paid under State unemployment insurance system s.
Severance P ay.
Data relate to form a l plans providing for payments to em ployees
perm anently separated from the company through no fault of their own.
Clothing A llow an ce. Data relate to form al p rovision s for protective garments, such
as aprons, sm ocks, and ov era lls, worn in lieu of or over the em ployees' personal clothing;
provision s for boots, gloves, hard hats, protective g la sses, safety shoes, and other safety
d evices w ere excluded.







Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job d escrip tion s,
for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff
in classifyin g into appropriate occupations w ork ers who
are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and d iffe r ­
ent work arrangem ents from establishm ent to estab lish ­
ment and from area to area. This perm its the grouping
of occupational wage rates representing com parable job
content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishm ent
and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job description s may differ significantly from
those in use in individual establishm ents or those prepared
for other purposes.
In applying these job d escrip tion s,
the Bureau*s field econ om ists are instructed to exclude
working su p erv isors, apprentices, lea rn ers, beginners,
trainees, handicapped, p a rt-tim e, tem porary, and p rob a ­
tionary w ork ers.

Maintenance
MAINTENANCE MAN, SKILLED
P erform s the work of one or m ore recogn ized maintenance trades in a chem ical
plant.
Includes only those w ork ers who have achieved the skills norm ally associated with
fully qualified maintenance trades w ork ers. Does not include w ork ers who only make m inor
rep a irs, such as handymen or utilitymen.
For wage study pu rp oses, w ork ers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P erform s a variety of e le ctrica l trade functions in the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, a n d /or utilization of e lectric
energy in an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or r e ­
pairing any of a variety of e le c tr ic a l equipment such as g en erators, tran sform ers,
sw itchboards, co n tro lle rs, circu it b reak ers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other tran sm ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other
sp ecifica tion s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l system or equipment;
working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or electrica l
equipment; and using a variety of e le ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents.
INSTRUMENT REPAIRMAN
Installs, m aintains, adjusts, and repairs manual, pneumatic, e le c tr ic , a n d /or
electron ic m easuring, recordin g, and regulating instruments in a chem ical plant. W ork
involves m ost of the following: Inspecting, testing, and adjusting instruments p e rio d i­
cally, determ ining cause of trouble in instruments not functioning p rop erly and making
n ece ssa ry repairs or adjustments; disconnecting inaccurate or damaged instruments and
replacing them; examining m echanism and cleaning parts; replacing worn or broken parts;
assem bling instruments and installing them on testing apparatus; and calibrating instru­
ments to established standard.




47

48

MAINTENANCE MAN, SKILLED— Continued
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P roduces replacem ent parts and new parts for m echanical equipment operated
in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting written in stru c­
tions and sp ecifica tion s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's
handtools and p re cisio n m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard m achine
tools; shaping of parts to clo se toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating
to dim ensions of w ork, tooling, feeds and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working
p rop erties of the com m on m etals and other m aterials; selecting standard m aterials,
parts, and equipment required fo r his work; and fitting and assem bling parts. In general,
the m ach in ist's w ork norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine shop practice
usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, GENERAL
P e rfo rm s the work of two or m ore maintenance trades rather than sp ecializing
in only one trade or one type of maintenance work. In general, the work of a general
m echanic requ ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
The cla ssifica tio n includes w ork ers who regu larly p erfo rm two or m ore types
of skilled maintenance w ork within a section or department of a large establishm ent,
such as pipefitting, m illw righting, welding, machining, machine and equipment repairin g,
and carpentry, among oth ers. It also includes w ork ers that maintain and repair m achines,
m echanical and e le c tr ic a l equipment, a n d /or the structure o f a sm all establishm ent where
sp ecialization in maintenance w ork is im p ractical. It does n ot, how ever, include w ork ers
who only make m inor rep a irs o r adjustments.
PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE
Installs a n d /o r repairs pipe and pipefittings in an establishm ent. W ork involves
m ost of the follow in g: Laying out of w ork a n d /or m easuring to locate position of pipe
fro m drawings or other written sp ecifica tion s; cutting various sizes of pipe to c o r r e c t
lengths with handtools or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with
stock and dies or pipe-threading machine; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-d riv en
m achines; assem bling pipe and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop com pu­
tations relating to p r e s s u r e s , flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests
to determ ine whether finished pipes m eet sp ecification s. W orkers prim arily engaged in
installing and repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.
OTHER SKILLED MAINTENANCE MEN
Includes all w ork ers perform ing
maintenance trade with the exception of the
be published separately for this category,
c ific skilled maintenance jobs to perm it
nance men. )
HELPER,

the tasks and duties of a recogn ized skilled
previously listed (see above). (Data w ill not
but will be used in com bination with the sp e ­
publication of data for all skilled m ainte­

TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ss is ts one or m ore w ork ers in the skilled maintenance trades, by perform ing
sp e cific or general duties of le s s e r skill such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials
and tools; cleaning working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting w orker by holding m ate­
rials or tools; perform in g other sem isk illed or unskilled tasks as d irected by journeym an.
The kind of w ork the helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In som e
trades, the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and clea n ­
ing working areas; and in others he is perm itted to p erform sp ecialized m achine operations,
or parts o f a trade that are also perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e basis.



49

P ro ce s sing
CHEMICAL OPERATOR
Operates or tends one or m ore equipment units or a system perform ing in te r­
mediate or final op era tion s, involving physical a n d /or ch em ica l changes, in p rocessin g ch em ­
ical products. This ca tegory includes w ork ers who may be designated (within establishm ents)
accordin g to equipment or system con trolled , substance p ro ce ss e d or product m anufactured,
or reaction produced.
It is intended to include operators of a sp ecific type of equipment
as w ell as those whose w ork involves a se ries of various types of equipment that may be
centrally con trolled through panel boards. (See separate descrip tion s for m illers and m ixers
not included in this group. )
F or wage study pu rposes, w orkers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
C lass A . Operates one or m ore types of equipment and whose job involves m ost
of the follow ing: Extensive knowledge of operating p roced ures and chem ical reaction s,
laboratory test resu lts, and co rrela tion of p ro ce ss instrumentation; a high degree of
resp on sibility in setting and regulating con trols and in interpreting tests; resp on sibility
for a product meeting rigid specification s or an expensive product where co st of waste
or reworking is relatively high; and making decision s which affect yield and safety;
a n d /or
Coordinates the w ork of several ch em ica l operators working on a ch em ical p ro ce s s c o m ­
prising sev era l types of equipment.
Class B . W orks at assigned equipment or position of a chem ical reaction p r o c e s s .
May p e rfo rm any of the sp e cific duties of the class A operator but requ ires guidance in
the interpretation of tests and observations in setting and regulating con trols and in
making out reports on operations.
May d irect one or sev eral h elpers.
CHEMICAL OPERATOR'S HELPER
P erform s a variety of sim ple and standard tasks assigned to him by a ch em ical
operator. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: A ssistin g in the m oving, handling, dumping
and weighing of m aterials; loading equipment; taking sim ple record in gs of tem perature and
pressu re under the direction of ch em ica l operators; cleaning working area; rem oving finished
products from equipment; and cleaning or washing equipment.
Includes all helpers to chem ical equipment op era tors, reg ard less of whether the
operator is assigned to a sp ecific type of apparatus or engaged in controlling the o p e ra ­
tion of a se rie s of equipment.
COMPRESSOR OPERATOR
(C om pressin g-m ach in e operator)
Operates equipment that co m p re sse s ga ses, frequently into liquid form . W ork in ­
volves m ost of the follow in g: Maintaining prop er flow of gases through com pressing equip­
ment by setting and adjusting con trols, adjusting pumps, making m inor repairs to pumps
and other equipment, maintaining re co rd s of p ressu res and amount of gas com p ressed , filling
cylinders or other containers.
FILLER
F ills containers with a predeterm ined type and amount of chem ical products for
shipment. Includes operators or tenders o f filling m achines as w ell as w ork ers filling co n ­
tainers by other m eans. May stencil identifying data on containers and make m inor adjust­
ments to dispensing d ev ices.
E xcludes w orkers prim a rily engaged in filling tank ca rs or trucks.



50

MILLER
(Crusher operator; grinder; p u lverizer operator)
Tends one or m ore units of equipment used to crush, grind or pulverize m ate­
rials to sp ecifica tion s. Crushing operations, involving the initial reduction of m aterials, are
gen erally perform ed in jaw cru sh e rs, ro ll cru sh ers, ham m er cru sh e rs, or rotary cru sh ers.
The m ore com m on types of equipment utilized in grinding and pulverizing operations, in­
volving the reduction of m aterials into p articles of dust, are disk m ills, ball m ills, tube
m ills, and rod m ills.
MIXER
(Batchm aker; com pounder)
Operates one or m ore mixing machines in which com ponent parts (liquids or solids)
are blended or m ixed in con trolled amounts to produce interm ediate or finished products.
PUMPMAN
Tends and maintains one or m ore pow er-d riven pumps used to pump liquids from
one v e sse l to another, from storage tanks to p rocessin g equipment, from one p ro ce ss to
another, o r from a p r o c e ss back to storage tanks.
W ork involves m ost of the follow ing:
Interpreting sp ecifica tion s to determ ine which lines should be used for individual liquids;
connecting lines from pumps to storage tanks or v essels which are to be filled or emptied;
regulating valves so that liquids are piped according to written specification s or ora l in stru c­
tions; checking m easuring instrum ents or storage tanks; observing operation of pumps and
checking fo r prop er operation making m inor repairs to pumps; and maintaining operational
r e c o r d s. Includes w orkers perform ing such operations to load or unload tank c a r s , b a rg es,
or ships.
M aterial M ovem ent and Handling
LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader, handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or warehousem an
or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other estab­
lishm ent whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various
m aterials and m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting d ev ices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and
transporting m aterials or m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or w heelbarrow to prop er lo c a ­
tion.
May keep a r e co rd of m aterials handled or check item s against invoices or other
r e co rd s.
L ongshorem en, who load and unload ships, are excluded. If prim ary duty is to
operate pow er truck, cla ssify as tru ck ers, power.
STOCK CLERK
R e ce iv e s, sto re s, and issues equipment, m aterial, m erchandise, or tools in a
stock room or storeroom . W ork involves a com bination of the follow ing: Checking incom ing
o rd ers; storing supplies; applying identifications to a rticles; issuing supplies; taking p eriod ic
inventory or keeping perpetual inventory; making up n ecessa ry reports; and requesting o r
ordering supplies when needed.
Stockroom la b o re rs, tool crib attendants, and em ployees
who supervise stock clerk s and la b o rers are excluded.
TRU CKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erch an ­
dise, equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as; Manufacturing
plants, freight depots, w arehouses, w holesale and retail establishm ents a n d /or between



51

retail establishm ents and cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without h elp ers, make m inor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good w ork ­
ing ord er.
D riv e r-sa le sm e n and o v e r -th e -r o a d d riv ers are excluded.
F or wage study pu rp oses, tru ckd rivers are cla ssifie d by type of equipment as follow s:
Sem i- or tra iler
Other than se m i- or trailer
Combination of types
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a m an u ally-con trolled g a solin e- or e le ctric-p o w e re d truck or tra ctor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant or other
establishm ents.
F or wage study pu rposes, w ork ers are cla ssifie d by type of truck as follow s:
T ru cker, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)
Custodial
GUARD
P e rfo rm s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining o rd er,
using arm s or fo rce where n ecessa ry .
Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and
check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
JANITOR
(Day p orter; sw eeper; charwom en; jan itress)
Cleans and keeps in an o rd erly condition fa ctory working areas and w ashroom s,
or p rem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or co m m ercia l or other establishm ent. Duties
involve a com bination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping, a n d /or scrubbing and polishing
flo o rs; rem oving chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;
polishing m etal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance se rv ice s ;
and cleaning la va tories, show ers, and re stro om s. W orkers who sp ecia lize in window w ash­
ing are excluded.
WATCHMAN
Guards p rem ises of plant property, w arehouses, or office buildings. Makes rounds
of prem ises period ica lly in protecting property against fire , theft, and illegal entry.







Industry W age Studies
The m o s t r e c e n t r e p o r t s f o r in d u s tr ie s in clu d e d in the B u reau *s p r o g r a m
o f in d u stry w a g e s u r v e y s s in c e J a n u a ry 1950 a r e lis te d b e lo w .
T h o se f o r w h ich
a p r i c e is show n a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o cu m e n ts , U. S.
G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O f fic e , W a sh in gton , D. C. , 20402, o r any o f its re g io n a l
s a le s o f f i c e s .
T h o se f o r w h ich a p r i c e is not show n m a y b e ob ta in ed f r e e as
long as a su p p ly is a v a ila b le , fr o m the B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s , W ash in gton ,
D. C. , 2 0212 , o r f r o m any o f the r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n on the in s id e b a c k c o v e r .

I. Occupational Wage Studies
M a n u fa ctu rin g
B a s ic Iro n and S te e l, 1962. B L S B u lle tin 1358 (30 c e n ts ).
Candy and O th e r C o n fe c t io n e r y P r o d u c t s , 1965. BLS B u lletin 1520 (30 c e n t s ),
^Canning and F r e e z in g , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 136.
C ig a r M a n u fa ctu rin g , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1436 (30 ce n ts ).
C ig a r e tte M a n u fa ctu rin g , 1965. B L S B u lle tin 1472 (20 c e n ts ).
C otton T e x t ile s , 1965. B L S B u lle tin 1506 (40 c e n ts ).
D is tille d L iq u o r s , 1952. S e r ie s 2, No. 88.
F a b r ic a t e d S tru ctu ra l S te e l, 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1463 (30 c e n ts ).
F e r t i l i z e r M a n u fa ctu rin g , 1962. B L S B u lle tin 1362 (40 ce n ts ).
F lo u r and O th er G ra in M ill P r o d u c t s , 1961. B L S B u lle tin 1337 (30 c e n ts ).
F lu id M ilk In d u stry , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1464 (30 c e n ts ).
F o o tw e a r , 1965. B L S B u lle tin 1503 (50 c e n ts ).
H o s ie r y , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1456 (45 c e n ts ).
Iron and S te e l F o u n d r ie s , 1962. B L S B u lle tin 1386 (40 c e n ts ).
L e a th e r Tanning and F in is h in g , 1963. B L S B u lle tin 1378 (40 ce n ts ).
M a ch in e r y M a n u fa ctu rin g , 1965. B L S B u lle tin 1476 (25 ce n ts ).
M eat P r o d u c t s , 1963. B L S B u lle tin 1415 (75 c e n ts ).
M e n !s and B o y s* S h irts (E x c e p t W o rk S h irts) and N ig h tw ea r, 1964.
B LS B u lle tin 1457 (40 c e n ts ).
M e n fs and B o y s 1 Suits and C o a ts , 1963. B L S B u lle tin 1424 (65 c e n ts ).
M is c e lla n e o u s P la s t ic s P r o d u c t s , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1439 (35 c e n ts ).
M is c e lla n e o u s T e x t ile s , 1953. B L S R e p o r t 56.
M otor V e h ic le s and M o to r V e h ic le P a r t s , 1963. B L S B u lletin 1393 (45 c e n ts ).
N o n fe r r o u s F o u n d r ie s , 1965. B L S B u lle tin 1498 (40 c e n ts ).
P a in ts and V a r n is h e s , 1965. B L S B u lle tin 15 24 (40 c e n t s ).
P a p e r b o a r d C o n ta in e rs and B o x e s , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1478 (70 ce n ts ).
P e tr o le u m R e fin in g , 1959. B L S R e p o r t 158.
P r e s s e d o r B low n G la s s and G la s s w a r e , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1423 (30 c e n ts ).
^ P r o c e s s e d W a ste , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 124.
P u lp, P a p e r , and P a p e r b o a r d M ills , 1962. B L S B u lle tin 1341 (40 c e n ts ).
R a d io, T e le v is io n , and R e la te d P r o d u c t s , 1951. S e r ie s 2, N o. 84.
R a ilro a d C a r s , 1952. S e r ie s 2, N o. 86.
*Raw S u gar, 1957. B L S R e p o r t 136.
South ern S a w m ills and P la n in g M ills , 1962. B L S B u lle tin 1361 (30 c e n ts ).
S tru ctu ra l C la y P r o d u c t s , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1459 (45 c e n ts ).
Synth etic F i b e r s , 1958. B L S R e p o r t 143.
Synth etic T e x t ile s , 1965. B L S B u lle tin 1509 (35 c e n ts ).
T e x tile D yein g and F in is h in g , 1961. B L S B u lletin 1311 (35 c e n ts ).
#

Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.




I. Occupational Wage Studies--- Continued
M a n u fa ctu rin g — C ontinued
^ T o b a c c o S tem m in g and R e d r y in g , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 136.
W e st C oa st S a w m illin g , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1455 (30 ce n ts ).
W o m e n ’ s and M i s s e s ’ C oats and S u its, 1965. B LS B u lle tin 1508 (25 c e n ts)
W o m e n ’ s and M is s e s * D r e s s e s , 1963. B L S B u lle tin 1391 (30 c e n ts ).
W ood H o u se h o ld F u r n itu r e , E x ce p t U p h o ls te re d , 1965. B L S B u lle tin 1496
(40 c e n ts ).
^ W ooden C o n ta in e r s , 1957. B L S R e p o r t 126.
W o o l T e x t ile s , 1962.
B L S B u lle tin 1372 (45 c e n ts ).
W ork C loth in g , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1440 (35 ce n ts ).
N onm anuf a ctu ring
A uto D e a le r R e p a ir S h op s, 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1452 (30 c e n ts ).
B a n k in g, 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1466 (30 c e n ts ).
B itu m in o u s C oa l M in in g, 1962. B L S B u lle tin 1383 (45 c e n ts ).
C o m m u n ic a tio n s , 1964. B L S B u lle tin 1467 (20 c e n ts ).
C o n tr a c t C lean in g S e r v ic e s , 1965. B L S B u lletin 1507 (30 c e n ts ).
C ru d e P e t r o le u m and N a tu ra l Gas P r o d u c tio n , I960. B LS R e p o r t 181.
D e p a rtm e n t and W o m e n ’ s R e a d y -t o -W e a r S to r e s , 1950. S e r ie s 2, N o. 78.
E ating and D rin kin g P l a c e s , 1963. B L S B u lletin 1400 (40 c e n ts ).
E l e c t r ic and Gas U t ilit ie s , 1962. B L S B u lle tin 1374 (50 c e n ts ).
H o s p ita ls , 1963. B L S B u lle tin 1409 (50 ce n ts ).
H o te ls and M o te ls , 1963. B L S B u lletin 1406 (40 c e n ts ).
L a u n d rie s and C lean in g S e r v ic e s , 1963. B L S B u lle tin 1401 (50 c e n ts ).
L ife In s u ra n c e , 1961. B L S B u lle tin 1324 (30 ce n ts).
N u rsin g H om es and R e la te d F a c i li t i e s , 1965. B LS B u lle tin 1492 (45 ce n ts)

II. Other Industry Wage Studies
F a c t o r y W o rk e r s* E a rn in g s— D is trib u tio n b y S tr a ig h t-T im e H o u rly
E a r n in g s , 1958. B L S B u lle tin 1252 (40 ce n ts ).
F a c t o r y W o r k e r s * E a rn in g s— S e le c te d M an u factu rin g In d u s tr ie s , 1959.
B L S B u lle tin 1275 (35 c e n ts ).
R e ta il T r a d e :
E m p lo y e e E a rn in g s and H o u r s, June 1965—
B u ild in g M a t e r ia ls , H a rd w a re , and F a r m E qu ipm en t D e a le r s .
B L S B u lle tin 1 5 0 1 -1 (25 c e n ts ).
G e n e r a l M e r c h a n d is e S t o r e s , B LS B u lle tin 1 5 01-2 (40 c e n ts ).
F o o d S to r e s . B L S B u lle tin 1 5 01-3 (30 c e n ts ).
A u to m o tiv e D e a le r s and G a s o lin e S e r v ic e S ta tion s.
B L S B u lle tin 1 5 0 1 -4 (40 c e n ts ).
A p p a r e l and A c c e s s o r y S t o r e s . B LS B u lle tin 1 5 01-5 (45 ce n ts ).
F u r n itu re , H om e F u r n is h in g s , and H ou seh old A p p lia n ce
S t o r e s . B L S B u lle tin 1 5 0 1 -6 (40 c e n ts ).
M is c e lla n e o u s S t o r e s . B L S B u lle tin 1501-7 (30 ce n ts ).
E m p lo y e e E a rn in gs in N o n m e tro p o lita n A r e a s o f the South and N orth
C e n tra l R e g io n s , 1962. B L S B u lle tin 1416 (40 c e n ts ).

*

Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O FFICE : 1966 O - 235-736

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