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IN DUSTR Y WAGE SURVEY




Hotels and Motels
JU N E 1961

Bulletin No. 1328
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY

Hotels and Motels
JUNE 1961

Bulletin No. 1328
May 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 2 5, D .C.




Price 30 cents







Preface
This bulletin sum m arizes wage and related in fo r­
mation fo r em ployees o f hotels, tourist courts, and m otels
in 23 m etropolitan areas studied by the Bureau of Labor
Statistics in June 1961.
The study was conducted at the request of the U. S.
Department of Labor* sW age and Hour and Public Contracts
D ivisions to facilitate the preparation of a report required
under Section 13 of the F air Labor Standards Amendments
of 1961.
The report of the Wage and Hour and Public
Contracts D ivisions was submitted to the C ongress by the
Secretary of Labor.
Their report is p rim a rily concerned
with em ployer-paid wages of w orkers and with the e s ti­
mated value of tips received by bellm en, and w aiters and
w a itresses. Based on inform ation obtained from a r e p r e ­
sentative sample of all m etropolitan areas with a popu­
lation o f 750,000 or m ore, data in the S ecretary f s report
are tabulated by region and by enterprise and establish­
ment s a le s -s iz e groups.
A copy of the report may be
obtained, as long as the supply lasts, from the Wage and
Hour and P ublic Contracts D ivisions, U. S. Department
of L abor, Washington 25, D. C.
The present bulletin, prepared by F red W.
of the Bureau1s D ivision of Wages and Industrial
tions, provides detailed inform ation on the wages of
ers in selected occupations, separately fo r each
survey areas.

iii

Mohr
R ela­
w ork ­
of the




Contents

P age
S u m m a ry -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Industry c h a r a c t e r is t ic s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u rly w a ges --------O ccu p a tion a l w a ges -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u rly tips -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P r o v is io n s fo r m e a ls ____________________________________________________________
S ch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs ___________________________________________________________
Su pplem en tary w age p r o v is io n s in y e a r -r o u n d h o te ls , M arch —
June I960 ___

1
1
2
2
3
5
5
5

T a b le s :
W age d istrib u tio n :
1.
2.
3.

A ll n o n s u p e rv is o r y e m p lo y e e s _______________________________________
M en n o n s u p e rv is o r y e m p lo y e e s ---------------------------------------------------------W om en n o n s u p e rv is o r y e m p l o y e e s ------------------------------------------------------

7
9
11

A v e r a g e h o u rly w a g e s:
4.

S e le cte d o ccu p a tio n s

__________________________________________________

13

M en r o o m c l e r k s _______________________________________________________
M en d ish w a sh e rs ______________________________________________________
H ou sem en ______________________________________________________________
W om en e le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ______________________________
C h a m b erm a id s _________________________________________________________
P a n try w om en __________________________________________________________
W ages and tips o f w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s ___________________________
W ages and tips o f b e llm e n ------------------------------------------------------------------Sch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs _______________________________________________

17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33

W age d istrib u tio n :
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

A p p en d ixes:
A.
B.

S cop e and m eth od o f su rv e y ______________________________________________
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s _______________________________________________




35
37




Industry Wage Survey—
Hotels and Motels, June 1961
S u m m a ry
A v e r a g e h o u rly w ages p a id by e m p lo y e r s to n o n s u p e rv is o r y e m p lo y e e s in
h o te ls , to u r is t c o u r ts , and m o te ls in June 1961 ranged fr o m 69 cen ts in A tlanta
to $ 1 .7 8 in San F r a n c is c o — akland, am ong 23 a re a s studied by the B ureau o f
O
L a b o r S t a t is t ic s .1 M enf s a v e ra g e w a g e s, above $ 1 .5 0 an h ou r in s ix a re a s and
b e lo w $ 1 in th re e a r e a s , w e re g e n e ra lly fr o m 15 to 25 cen ts above the a re a
a v e r a g e s fo r w om en .
A m on g the o ccu p a tion s studied, h igh est a v e ra g e s w e re
r e c o r d e d fo r din n er c o o k s in n e a r ly a ll a r e a s , am ounting to $ 2 .2 5 o r m o r e an
hou r in 14 a r e a s .
C h a m b erm a id s, n u m e r ica lly the m o s t im p orta n t jo b studied,
had a v e ra g e h o u rly w ages ranging fr o m le s s than 75 cen ts in th re e a re a s to m o r e
than $ 1 .2 5 in fo u r . F r e e m e a ls w e r e co m m o n ly p ro v id e d to c o o k s , d ish w a s h e rs,
w a ite r s and w a it r e s s e s , pan try w o r k e r s , and b a rte n d e rs .
B e llm e n , w a ite rs and
w a it r e s s e s , and b a rte n d e rs in p u b lic b a r s a ls o g e n e ra lly r e c e iv e d tip s.
Indu stry C h a r a c te r is tic s
New Y o rk C ity accou n ted f o r slig h tly m o r e than a fou rth o f the n e a rly
134, 000 w o r k e r s w ithin the s c o p e o f the su rv e y in the 23 a r e a s .
C h icago and
M ia m i, the se co n d and th ird la r g e s t a re a s o f in d u stry em p loy m en t, tog eth er
accou n ted fo r a fifth . B oston , L o s A n g e le s—Long B ea ch , San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland,
and W ashington, D. C. , w e r e the on ly oth er a re a s studied with em p loy m en t in
e x c e s s o f 5, 000. N e a rly n in e-ten th s o f the w o r k e rs w e re em p loy ed in e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts w h ich a ls o o p e ra te d eating and drinking p la c e s .
L aundry o p era tion s a c ­
counted fo r about 2 p e r c e n t o f the non s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s w ithin the s c o p e o f
the su rv e y . D epending la r g e ly upon the extent o f th ese and oth er a llie d s e r v ic e s ,
the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p loy ed in s p e c ific w o rk c a te g o r ie s v a rie d am ong
in dividu al h o te ls and a r e a s .
F ro n t d e sk e m p lo y e e s (in clu din g r o o m , m a il, in fo rm a tio n , and r e s e r v a tio n
c le r k s ; c a s h ie r s ; and sw itch b oa rd o p e r a to r s ) accou n ted f o r 9 p e r c e n t o f the e s t i ­
m ated 1 3 4 ,0 0 0 n o n s u p e rv is o r y e m p lo y e e s studied, with the p r o p o r tio n s ranging
fr o m about 7 to 11 p e r c e n t am ong the a r e a s . O ffice c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s accou n ted
fo r a lm o s t 5 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k e r s , with p e r c e n ta g e s in the r e s p e c t iv e a re a s
ranging fr o m 3 to 7.
C h a m b e rm a id s, the la r g e s t o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y studied
se p a ra te ly , a ccou n ted fo r a p p ro x im a te ly 15 to 20 p e r c e n t o f the h o te l and m o te l
em p loy m en t in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
M en accou n ted fo r a p p ro x im a te ly th r e e -fifth s o f the n o n s u p e rv is o r y e m ­
p loy m en t in B oston , M ia m i, N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, and New Y o rk C ity, and
at le a s t tw o -fifth s in each o f the rem ain in g a r e a s .
A m on g the o ccu p a tion s fo r
w hich data a re show n, ro o m c le r k s and d ish w a sh ers w e r e p red om in a n tly m en in

1
The w age data p re s e n te d in this re p o r t ex clu d e tips and the value o f
fr e e m e a ls , r o o m s , and u n ifo rm s (if any w e re p ro v id e d ) and a ls o p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
In form a tion
on the estim a ted valu e o f tips r e c e iv e d by b e llm e n , and w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s
is r e p o r te d se p a ra te ly .
See appendix A fo r s c o p e and m eth od o f su rv e y .
F o r d efin ition o f a re a s
c o v e r e d , se e table in appendix A .




1

2

n e a r ly a ll a r e a s .
W a iters ou tn u m bered w a itr e s s e s in New Y o rk C ity, P h ila ­
delph ia, M ia m i, C h ica go, St. L o u is, and San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, but w e re in
the m in o r ity in a ll oth er a r e a s . W om en outnum bered m en as e le v a to r o p e r a to r s
in m o s t a r e a s .
L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t c o n tra ct a g reem en ts c o v e rin g w ages and w ork in g
con d ition s o f a m a jo r ity o f the non s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s , exclu d in g fro n t d esk and
o f f ic e jo b s , w e r e re p o rte d by h o te ls em ployin g a lm o st n in e-ten th s o f th ese w o r k e rs
in the 23 a re a s com b in ed .
Atlanta, New O rle a n s, and P o rtla n d , O reg . , w e re
the on ly a re a s in w hich such c o v e ra g e applied to fe w e r than h a lf o f the w o r k e rs .
A m a jo r ity o f the fron t desk e m p lo y e e s in fiv e a rea s— B oston , D e tro it, M ilw aukee,
New Y o rk C ity, and P ittsbu rglv— w e re in esta b lish m en ts having la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t
c o n tra cts c o v e rin g th ese e m p lo y e e s . O ffice c l e r i c a l w o rk e r c o v e ra g e am ounted
to a th ird in New Y o rk City, a fifth in M ia m i, and a tenth o r le s s in oth er a r e a s .
Individual h o te ls in n orth ern c it ie s freq u en tly united to n egotiate the p r o v is io n s o f
union c o n tr a c ts . The H otel & R estaurant E m p lo y e e s and B a rten d ers Intern ation al
Union and the B uilding S e r v ic e E m p lo y e e s 1 International Union, both A F L -C IO ,
a re the la r g e s t unions in the in du stry.
A v e r a g e H ou rly W ages
A v e r a g e h o u rly w ages o f n o n su p e rv iso ry e m p lo y e e s in h o te ls , to u rist
c o u r ts , and m o te ls in the 23 a re a s studied in June 1961 w e re h igh est in San
F r a n c is c o — akland, $ 1 .7 8 , and lo w e st in A tlanta, 69 cen ts (table 1).
O
W ages
a v e ra g e d $ 1 .6 2 in New Y o rk City and $ 1 .5 0 in L o s A n g e le s—
Long B each .
New
O rle a n s, In d ia n a p olis, and K ansas C ity w e re the on ly a r e a s , in addition to A tlanta,
in w hich w ages a v e ra g e d le s s than $ 1 an h ou r.
Men*s w ages a v era ged a bove $ 1 .5 0 an hour in San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland
( $ 1 .8 7 ) , N ew Y o rk City ( $ 1 .6 6 ) , L os A n g e le s—
Long B ea ch ( $ 1 .6 2 ) , P ittsb u rg h
($ 1 . 54), C h ica go ($ 1 . 52), and M ilw aukee ($ 1. 52); w o m e n 's w ages in San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland ($ 1 . 66) and New Y o rk C ity ($ 1 . 56) a ls o w e re at this le v e l (ta b les 2 and 3).
A r e a a v e ra g e s b e lo w $ 1 an h ou r w e re r e c o r d e d fo r m en in A tlanta, New O rle a n s,
and In d ia n a p olis, and fo r w om en in th ese a re a s and a lso in K ansas C ity, M ia m i,
and N ew ark and J e r s e y City.
A m ong the v a rio u s a r e a s , m en ’ s h ou rly w ages
g e n e r a lly a v e ra g e d fr o m 15 to 25 cen ts above w om en ’ s w a g es.
The p r o p o r tio n s o f n o n s u p e rv is o ry e m p lo y e e s earning le s s than $ 1 an
hour in June 1961 ranged fr o m tw o -th ird s o r m o r e in A tlanta, In d ian ap olis, K ansas
C ity, and New O rlea n s to le s s than a tenth in M in nea polis—
St. P a u l and the th ree
P a c if ic C oast a re a s studied (table 1).
It should be noted that th ese tabulations
a re lim ite d to w ages paid by the e m p lo y e r and do not in clu d e the value o f tips
r e c e iv e d by e m p lo y e e s such as b e llm e n and w a ite rs . The m a jo r ity o f the w o r k e rs
in 16 o f the 23 a re a s earn ed le s s than $1. 25 an h ou r; in New Y o rk City and San
F r a n c is c o —
Oakland the p r o p o r tio n s w e re a sixth and le s s than a tenth, r e s p e c t iv e ly .
New Y o rk City, L o s A n g e le s—
Long B each , and San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland w e re the on ly
a re a s in w hich as m any as a sixth o f the w o r k e rs earn ed as m u ch as $2 an h ou r.
O ccu p a tion a l W ages
C h a m b erm a id s, the la r g e s t o ccu p a tion a l c a te g o r y studied sep a ra te ly ,
a v e ra g e d m o r e than $ 1 .2 5 an h our in San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland ( $ 1 .5 4 ) , New Y ork
City ( $ 1 .4 1 ) , P ittsb u rg h ($ 1. 41), and M ilw aukee ($ 1. 26). (See table 4 .) A v e ra g e
h o u rly w ages b e lo w 75 cen ts an hour w e re r e c o r d e d fo r th ese w o rk e rs in Indian­
a p o lis (70 ce n ts), New O rlea n s (50 ce n ts), and A tlanta (46 ce n ts). In m o s t a r e a s ,
a v e ra g e h o u rly w ages o f m en and w om en d ish w a sh ers w e re slig h tly h igh er than
th ose o f ch a m b e rm a id s . D ish w a sh ers g e n e ra lly r e c e iv e d fr e e m e a ls in addition to
th eir w a g e s, and about a fou rth o f the ch a m b erm a id s r e c e iv e d so m e tip s.




3

W om en e le v a to r o p e r a to r s a v era g ed m o r e than ch a m b e rm a id s in n e a rly
a ll a r e a s , m o s t co m m o n ly by am ounts ranging fr o m 2 to 8 cen ts an h ou r.
A ver­
age w ages o f pa n tryw om en , ranging fr o m 58 cen ts an h ou r in New O rlea n s to
$ 2 .0 3 in San F r a n c is co -O a k la n d , w e r e g e n e ra lly at le a s t 10 cen ts above the
a v e ra g e ea rn in gs o f w om en d ish w a s h e rs.

M en din n er c o o k s (a ss is ta n t c h e fs ), the h igh est paid occu p a tio n a l group
studied se p a ra te ly in n e a r ly a ll a r e a s , had a v e ra g e w ages ranging fr o m $ 1 .4 3 an
hou r in A tlanta and $ 1 . 53 in N ew O rle a n s to $ 3 . 08 in N ew Y o rk C ity and $ 3 . 15 in
D e tro it. B a rte n d e rs a lso r e c e iv e d r e la tiv e ly high w a g es, a v era gin g a bov e $ 1 . 50 an
hou r e x ce p t in th re e sou th ern a r e a s . W here c o m p a r is o n s w e r e p o s s ib le , ba rten d ­
e r s in s e r v ic e b a rs (i. e. , th ose in w hich drin k s a re p r e p a r e d f o r w a ite rs to
s e r v e in the gu est o r dining r o o m s ) g e n e ra lly had slig h tly h ig h er a v era g e w ages
than th ose se rv in g in p u b lic b a r s , w h ere th ere w as g r e a te r opp ortu n ity fo r tip s.
B ellm en *s w ages a v e ra g e d le s s than 75 cen ts an hou r in 16 a re a s and
w e r e b e lo w 50 cen ts in 3 o f th ese a r e a s . W ages o f w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s w e re
som ew h at h igh er than th ose o f b e llm e n in n e a rly a ll a r e a s .
It should be noted
that w o r k e rs in th ese two o ccu p a tio n s w e re re p o rte d as r e c e iv in g tips in addition
to th eir w ages in n e a r ly a ll esta b lish m en ts and fr e e m e a ls w e re u su a lly p ro v id e d
to w a ite rs and w a it r e s s e s .
(See la te r d is c u s s io n o f th ese i t e m s .)

In m any a r e a s , e s p e c ia lly th ose in w hich m o s t w o r k e rs w e re c o v e r e d by
union c o n tr a c ts , w age ra tes paid to in dividu al w o r k e rs in a jo b w e re c lo s e ly
g rou p ed .
F o r ex a m p le, n e a rly tw o -th ird s o f the ch a m b erm a id s in N ew Y ork C ity
r e c e iv e d w a ges o f $ 1 . 35 to $ 1 .4 0 an hour and th r e e -fo u r th s in W ashington, D. C . ,
r e c e iv e d $ 1 .1 0 to $ 1 .1 5 (table 9).
In som e oth er a r e a s , h o w e v e r, th ere was
le s s co n ce n tra tio n — fo r ex a m p le, in Indianapolis the m id d le h a lf o f the w o r k e rs
in this o ccu p a tio n had h o u rly w ages ranging fr o m 60 to 81 cen ts.
A v e r a g e H ou rly T ips
The w age in fo rm a tio n p r e v io u s ly p re s e n te d in this r e p o r t is lim ited to
w a ges paid by the e m p lo y e r .
G ra tu ities con stitu ted a substantial supplem ent to
w a g es fo r m any o f the w o r k e r s in this in d u stry . A p p ro x im a te ly a fou rth o f the
n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s in the 23 a re a s com b in ed w e re re p o rte d as r e ce iv in g
cu s to m e r tip s. V irtu a lly a ll o f the b e llm e n , and w a ite rs and w a it r e s s e s , tw o -th ird s
o f the b a rte n d e rs in p u b lic b a r s , and a fou rth o f the ch a m b erm a id s w e re in this
c a te g o r y .
In form a tion on the a v e ra g e h ou rly tips o f b e llm e n and w a ite rs and
w a it r e s s e s w as obtained at the re q u e st o f the W age and H our and P u b lic C on tracts
D iv isio n s to a s s is t in the study o f the in du stry as d ir e c te d by the F a ir L a b or
Standards A m en dm en ts o f 1961. 2 T h is in form a tion was tabulated to r e p re s e n t
a ll m e tro p o lita n a re a s with a pop u lation o f 750, 000 o r m o r e , p ro v id in g national
and re g io n a l e stim a te s .
In form a tion fo r a ll o f the 23 a re a s e x cep t Indianapolis
w as thus in clu d ed .
B e ca u se the p r im a r y in te r e s t o f the study w as in the lo w e r
paid w o r k e r s , tabulations o f a v e ra g e h ou rly tips w e re term in a ted at the $ 1 . 25 and
o v e r in te rv a l.
N in e ty -se v e n p e r c e n t o f the w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s in the N a tion 's la r g e s t
c it ie s w e r e e m p loy ed by esta b lish m en ts in w hich the estim a ted a v e ra g e h ou rly

2
See p r e fa c e fo r p u rp o se o f study and the a v a ila b ility o f the W age and H our
and P u b lic C on tra cts D ivision s* r e p o r t w hich in clu d es d eta iled tabulations on the
valu e o f tips r e c e iv e d b y b e llm e n and w a ite rs .




4

tips fo r th e se w o r k e rs w as 50 cen ts o r m o r e an h ou r. 3 In m o s t esta b lish m en ts,
the estim a te d valu e o f tips was in e x c e s s o f the w ag es paid to th ese w o r k e rs
b y the e m p lo y e r .
M o re than h a lf o f the w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s w e re in e s ta b ­
lish m e n ts with estim a ted a v e ra g e tips o f at le a s t $ 1 .2 5 an h ou r.
The a v e ra g e
h o u rly w age fo r w a ite rs and w a it r e s s e s w as 86 cen ts.
A s in d ica ted in the fo llo w in g tabulation,
N orth ea st re g io n and lo w e st in the South.

tips

a v era g ed h igh est in the

Percent of waiters and waitresses by
establishment average hourly tips
Establishment average
hourly tips

United
States

Northeast

South

North
Central

West

Under $ 0 .5 0 ------------------------------------------$0.50 and under $0.75 ---------------------------$0.75 and under $1.00 ---------------------------$1.00 and under $1.25---------------------------$1.25 and over --------------------------------------

3
11
14
15
56

2
4
15
7
72

7
14
19
26
35

3
20
9
19
49

3
13
12
10
62

Total -------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal 100.

Thus, h o te ls in w hich the a v e ra g e tips e x ce e d e d $ 1 .2 5 an h ou r a ccou n ted fo r
slig h tly m o r e than sev en -ten th s o f the w o r k e rs in the N orth ea st re g io n , th r e e -fifth s
in the W est, about h a lf in the N orth C en tral re g io n , and slig h tly m o r e than a
th ird in the South.
T h e re d o e s not appear to be a co n siste n t and d efin ite rela tion sh ip betw een
e m p lo y e r -p a id w ages and the value o f tip s. Thus, tips o f w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s
a v era gin g $ 1 .2 5 o r m o r e an h ou r w e re re p o rte d by esta b lish m en ts with a v era g e
w a ges fo r th ese e m p lo y e e s
ranging fr o m le s s than 30 cents to as m u ch as
$ 1 .5 0 an hour (table 11).
S im ila rly , tips a v era gin g le s s than 75 cen ts an hour
w e r e r e p o r te d b y esta b lish m en ts with an equally w ide range o f w a g es.
E v id en ce
obtain ed during the study a ls o in d ica tes that the value o f tips r e c e iv e d by individual
e m p lo y e e s v a r ie d by type o f s e r v ic e p ro v id e d ; fo r e x a m p le, h o te l w a ite rs in the
m ain dining r o o m u su a lly a v e ra g e d m o r e in tips than w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s in
the e s t a b lis h m e n t s c o ffe e shop.
A v e r a g e h o u rly tips fo r b e llm e n 4 tended to be som ew hat lo w e r than th ose
r e c e iv e d by w a ite rs and w a it r e s s e s . A s in d icated in the tabulation on the fo llow in g
p a g e, sligh tly m o r e than tw o -fifth s o f the b e llm e n w e re in esta b lish m en ts w h ere
estim a ted tip s a v e ra g e d $ 1 .2 5 o r m o r e an hour— the co m p a ra b le p r o p o r tio n fo r
w a ite rs and w a it r e s s e s w as n e a rly t h r e e -fifth s .

3
E stim a te s o f the a v era g e h ou rly tips fo r w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s w e re
d e r iv e d fr o m in fo rm a tio n p r o v id e d by h o te l o ffic ia ls .
One o f the co m m o n p r o ­
ce d u r e s u sed w as to (1) m u ltip ly g r o s s w eek ly r e c e ip ts fo r each o f the m e a l
p e r io d s by the e m p lo y e r 1s estim a te o f the p e rce n ta g e o f g r o s s r e c e ip ts r e c e iv e d
in tips during each m e a l p e r io d , (2) sum th ese p r o d u cts , and (3) d iv id e by the
a g greg a te w eek ly h o u rs w ork ed by a ll e m p lo y e e s in the occu p a tion ,
* E stim a te s o f a v e ra g e h o u rly tip s fo r b e llm e n w e re co m m o n ly d eterm in ed
by r e fe r e n c e to the estim a ted n u m ber o f gu ests a ccom p a n ied to and fr o m th eir
r o o m s during the w eek and the nu m ber o f s e r v ic e c a lls m a d e, the estim ated
u su al o r a v e ra g e tip f o r such s e r v ic e s , and the a g g reg a te n u m ber o f h ou rs w ork ed
b y a ll b e llm e n during the w eek.




5

Percent of bellmen by establishment
average hourly tips
Establishment average
hourly tips

United
States

Northeast

South

North
Central

West

Under $0.50------------$0.50 and under $0.75
$0.75 and under $1.00
$1.00 and under $1.25
$1.25 and o v e r---------

19
11
15
13
43

12
9
11
12
56

19
13
27
15
27

24
12
9
12
42

22
10
9
10
49

T o ta l-------------

100

100

100

100

100

NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal 100.

A s w ith w a ite r s and w a it r e s s e s , a v e ra g e tips
in the N orth ea st re g io n and lo w e s t in the South.

o f b e llm e n w e re h igh est

P r o v is io n s fo r M eals
M o re than tw o -fifth s (44 p e r c e n t) o f the n o n s u p e rv is o ry e m p lo y e e s in the
23 a re a s co m b in e d r e c e iv e d at le a s t one fr e e m e a l during days w ork ed . N ea rly
a fifth r e c e iv e d one m e a l and a fou rth r e c e iv e d two o r th ree m e a ls .
A m ong
the a r e a s , the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s r e ce iv in g one o r m o r e fr e e m e a ls a day
ran ged fr o m a sixth in Atlanta and th ree-ten th s in C h ica g o, New O rle a n s, and
W ashington, D. C. , to th r e e -fifth s o r m o r e in B oston , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity,
and P o rtla n d .
A m ong the occu p a tio n s studied se p a ra te ly , a la r g e m a jo r ity o f the b a r ­
te n d e rs , din n er c o o k s , d ish w a s h e rs, pan try w o r k e r s , and w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s
in m o s t o f the a re a s r e c e iv e d fr e e m e a ls , m o s t co m m o n ly two o r th re e .
P r o v i­
sion s fo r fr e e m e a ls w e r e le s s p re v a le n t fo r w o r k e rs in oth er occu p a tio n s.
Scheduled W eekly H ours
W ork sch e d u le s o f 40 h ou rs a w eek app lied to a m a jo r ity o f the non­
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s in 15 o f the 23 a r e a s , to a m a jo r ity o f the fro n t desk e m ­
p lo y e e s in 7 a r e a s , and to a m a jo r ity o f the o ffic e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s in 14 a rea s
(table 13). In San F r a n c is c o — akland, 37. 5 -h ou r w ork w eek s w e r e m o s t p re v a le n t
O
fo r a ll th re e g rou p s o f w o r k e r s and w o rk sch ed u les o f 44 o r m o r e h ou rs a w eek
w e r e p re d o m in a n t in A ltanta, M ia m i, New O rle a n s, In d ian ap olis, and D en ver.
Supplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s in Y e a r-R o u n d H o te ls, M arch —
June I960
In form a tion on su p p lem en ta ry w age b en efits w as not obtained in the
1961 study but data fr o m the I960 study o f y e a r -r o u n d h otels a re b r ie fly su m ­
m a r iz e d b e lo w . 5

5 See Wage S tru ctu re: H o te ls, M arch —
June I960 (BL.S R e p o rt 173, 1961).
The I960 su rv e y w as lim ite d to y e a r -r o u n d h otels em p loy in g 50 o r m o r e w o r k e rs
in 24 a re a s (B a ltim o re in addition to th ose shown in the June 1961 r e p o rt).
The p r o v is io n s in e ffe c t in the esta b lish m en ts studied in June 1961 m ay
not have b e e n e x a c tly the sa m e as th ose re p o rte d in the I960 study, as so m e
chan ges in b e n e fits m ay have o c c u r r e d betw een the two p a y r o ll p e r io d s studied;
a ls o , the in d u stry c o v e r a g e w as not id e n tica l fo r the two su rv e y s .



6

P a id h o lid a y s w e r e p ro v id e d by e sta b lish m en ts em p loy in g a m a jo r ity o f
the n o n c le r ic a l and fro n t d esk e m p lo y e e s in 16 a re a s and a m a jo r ity o f the o ffic e
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s in 23 o f the 24 a re a s in clu d ed in the I960 study.
P r o v is io n s
f o r 6 days annually w e r e m o s t c o m m o n ly re p o rte d , applying to a m a jo r ity o f the
o f f ic e e m p lo y e e s in 14 a r e a s , to a m a jo r ity o f the fro n t d esk e m p lo y e e s in 7 a r e a s ,
and to a m a jo r it y o f the n o n c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s in 6 a r e a s .

V a ca tio n s with pa y w e r e p ro v id e d fo r w o r k e rs with qualifyin g s e r v ic e
in p r a c t ic a lly a ll h o te ls studied in the 24 a r e a s .
In n e a rly a ll a r e a s , a ll o r a
la r g e m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in n o n c le r ic a l occu p a tio n s w e r e p ro v id e d 1 week*s
v a ca tio n a fte r 1 yea r*s s e r v ic e and 2 w eek s a fter 3 y e a r s . V a ca tion p r o v is io n s
tended to b e som ew h at m o r e lib e r a l fo r fro n t d esk and o ffic e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
than f o r o th e r n o n s u p e rv is o r y e m p lo y e e s in m any o f the a re a s studied.
A m a jo r it y o f the n o n c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s in 23 o f the 24 a re a s w e re
e m p lo y e d b y h o te ls p ro v id in g at le a s t p a rt o f the c o s t o f v a rio u s ty p es o f in ­
su ra n ce p la n s.
L ife in su ra n ce , h o sp ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, m e d ic a l, a ccid e n ta l
death and d ism e m b e rm e n t, and s ic k n e s s and a ccid e n t b e n e fits w e re m o s t co m m o n ly
r e p o r te d f o r the th ree e m p lo y e e c a te g o r ie s studied.
R e tire m e n t p e n sio n b e n efits (oth er than th ose a v a ila b le under F e d e r a l
o ld -a g e , s u r v iv o r s , and d is a b ility in su ra n ce) w e re p ro v id e d by e sta b lish m en ts
em p loy in g a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e rs in L o s A n g e le s—Long B ea ch , N ew Y o rk C ity,
P ittsb u rg h , and San F r a n c is c o — akland.
O




Table 1. W age Distribution: All NonsLpervisory Employees
(P ercen t distrib u tion of non supervisory em ployees in h otels, tou rist cou rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hou rly w a g e s ,1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
N ortheast
A vera g e h ou rly wages 1
Boston

Buffalo

Newark
and
J e rs e y City

South

New Y ork
City

P ittsburgh

Atlanta

M iam i

New
Orleans

Washington

1.0
-

15. 1
1. 2
4. 1
15.8
10.8

0. 2
.8
3. 1
1. 6
4. 3

5. 3
4. 2
4 .0
5 .7
7. 1

0. 3
.6

.3
. 1
3 .0
7. 2
1. 1

.5
.6
3. 3
1. 1
2. 3

7. 2
3 .8
4 .9
2. 5
2 .8

2. 6
1. 3
3. 1
1. 1
5 .0

14. 1
6 .0
9 .5
2. 3
3.7

2.8
.2
.3
4. 2
1. 2

(2>
1 .4
1. 5
7. 8
1. 3

.
2.
1.
1.
.

8
5
5
1
1

2 .0
5 .0
1.7
6. 3
1. 2

2 .9
1 .4
1 .4
.9
2. 3

3 .9
12.8
3 .4
2 .7
5 .4

8 .4
2. 5
2 .6
2 .0
1.6

5. 2
.6
.3
5. 2
3.8

1 2 .4
2. 5
1. 2
2 .0
1. 1

.4
.9
1. 1
2. 1
.5

.9
25. 3
10. 8
4 .4
2. 2

4. 2
.3
1. 4
.4
1. 3

2. 2
2. 5
.3
.4
2.9

5. 8
6 .7
4. 6
1. 2
2. 2

2. 1
1. 1
1. 3
1. 5
1 .4

3. 1
3. 1
23.8
9 .8
2. 1

5 .9
2. 5
1. 6
.9
1.9

2. 5
1 .9
3 .9
2. 6
1. 2

1 .5
.7
13. 6
4 .7
4 .5

5 .6
2. 6
1.9
1 .6
2. 1

2. 5
.7
5. 2
2. 2
6 .4

1 .6
.8
.8
2.0
.4

3 .8
3. 3
1. 1
2 .9
.7

1.7
1 .4
1. 3
1 .8
.5

2. 5
3 .4
2.0
1. 6
2. 3

4 .8
5 .0
3.0
3.9
2.0

4. 1
2. 2
1.7
1 .4
4 .0

5 .6
2. 5
2 .0
5. 1
1 .0

9 .7
13.8
7 .4
4 .7
4. 2

5 .7
4 .0
3. 2
3. 7
1 .8

2 7.8
4. 6
3 .4
2 .8
2 .5

2.9
1.9
.9
1 .4
.7

2 .9
2 .8
1 .4
1 .9
1 .7

2. 1
1. 3
.6
.6
.4

3.8
3.0
2 .5
2. 2
1 .4

4 .0
1 .4
.7
.4
.2

.9
2. 1
.4
.7
.2

1. 1
.8
.6
1. 6
.3

3. 3
2 .9
2. 3
3 .4
1.9

2 .0
1 .0
1. 1
.5
.2

1 .5
.4
3 .6
1.0
.5

.5
.3
( 2)

1.7
.7
.4
.3
.4

.7
.2
.2
.2
.1

2.9
.9
.7
.7
1 .4

1. 3

.5

1. 2

4 .5

1. 3

2. 2

.2

2 .0

.7

1.8

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

6, 424
$1. 29

2,010
$1. 21

1, 223
$1. 13

34,912
$ 1 .6 2

4, 101
$1. 25

4, 139
$ 1 .3 9

2,082
$0. 69

12, 358
$ 1 .0 7

3, 125
$ 0 .7 5

6,675
$1. 25

Under $0. 30
-

-

0. 5
1. 1

$ 0. 60 and under $ 0. 65

_
(2)
3 .2

_
2. 3

_
6. 1
3. 1
6 .5
4. 3

$0.
$0.
$ 0.
$ 0.
$0.

9 .8
.4
6 .4
.3
.2

8 .4
8 .7
1 .8
1 .5
1 .5

4 .0
2. 2
6. 2
14.0
9. 3

$ 0. 50 and under $ 0 . 55 -----------------

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0 .8 0 ----------------$ 0. 85
$ 0 . 90
$ 0 . 95
$ 1 .0 0

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 2 0
$ 1 .2 5

-----__________
___________
„ ~

$ 1 . 25 and under $ 1. 30 .
$ 1. 30 and under $ 1. 35
$ 1 .3 5 and under $ 1. 40
$ 1 .45 and under $ 1. 50
$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1 .70
$ 1 .80

P hiladelphia

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

T otal

$ 1. 60
$ 1. 70
$ 1. 80
$ 1 .9 0

— — -— -------- — . — —

See footn otes at end o f table.




-

(2)
0. 1
-

(2)

5. 2
3. 6
7 .8
3 .8
4 .6

3 .4
11.9
19.2
4. 7
5. 2

7. 1
4. 3
3. 3
2. 2
.6

(2)

<*)

-

»
Table 1. Wage Distribution: All Nonsupervisory Employees— Continued
(P e rce n t distrib u tion o f n on su p ervisory em ployees in hotels, tourist co u rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hourly w a g e s ,1 23 selected a re a s, June 1961)
W est

North Central
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
C hicago

Cincinnati

Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
apolis

Kansas
City

M ilw au­
kee

Under
$0. 30
$0. 35
$0. 40
$0. 45

$0.
and
and
and
and

3 0 ----------------------------------—
under $0. 3 5 ------- —
under $ 0. 4 0 ------- ---------under $0. 45 — --------- —
under $0. 5 0 -----------------

0. 1
.3
.4
.4

0. 1
.1

1. 1
-

_
0. 1
.1
.1

6. 2
1 .8
2. 2
4 .7
2. 2

0. 3
2. 5
6 .0

_
-

$0.
$0.
$0.
$ 0.
$0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

5
0
5
0
5

------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------

.4
.3
2 .4
.1
.5

_
3.0
.2
.8
4. 2

.3
1.9
.8
.3
3. 3

.7
3. 1
.2
.5
.8

2.
5.
6.
8.
5.

4
1
1
4
7

1. 1
6. 4
3.9
4 .9
1 .4

0. 1
.4
.4
.3
1.9

$0. 75
$0. 80
$0. 85
$ 0 .9 0
$0. 95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0. 8 0
$0. 8 5
$0. 90
$ 0 .9 5
$ 1 .0 0

---------------------— --------— ------------—------- —----------------------

5. 5
1.7
6. 2
1. 2
2 .7

5 .9
3.9
1. 3
2. 5
(2)

2 .4
5 .7
3. 8
5. 5
4. 2

1.7
1.7
7. 5
.8
2 .7

6 .9
5 .7
3. 5
2. 7
2 .0

1. 5
1. 8
8 .6
16. 2
17. 1

$ 1 .0 0 and under $ 1 .0 5 -----— — ----$ 1 .0 5 and under $ 1 .1 0
-------— —
$ 1 .1 0 and under $ 1 .1 5 -----— —— —

15.9
11. 2
13.0
7 .4
2. 2

7. 6
4 .7
14. 6
8. 2
3.9

6. 5
13. 3
3. 1
8 .0
5 .7

7. 3
3. 2
1. 1
.8
1. 1

5
6
6
7
7

Minne apolis“
St. P aul
_
0. 1
-

St. Louis

Denver

L os
A ngeles”
Long
Beach

Portland

San
F rancisccrOakland

0 .7
1 .4
1 .4

0. 3
1.9
.6

0. 2
.2

“

“

.7
.2
.3

2. 6
.5
.8
.1
9 .9

.8
.1
.7
.2
.6

.1
.6
(1
2)
.9
2. 8

0. 2
.2
.5

0. 2
"

3. 1
.8
10.8
4 .4
1. 1

3. 4
2 .0
.7
.3
.7

1 .4
4. 5
.6
3.9
13. 3

3. 6
1. 3
10.8
7. 1
7. 5

(2)
.5
.3
.2
1.0

1.8
.7
.1
.5
.8

(2)
1. 2
.1
1. 3

2. 2
2.9
1.7
1. 3
2. 3

2. 1
.7
3. 1
1. 2
11.5

9 .6
7 .4
8. 7
3. 6
12. 2

11.7
1. 2
7. 1
9. 1
2 .4

7. 3
9 .9
8. 8
1. 3
2. 6

3. 2
2. 4
4. 1
12. 6
3.9

1.0
1. 1
4 .0
10. 7
21. 3

.4
2. 5
.8
.1

8 .4
10. 6
6. 8
4 .0
.8

1. 1
2. 3
.1
11.6
2. 6

*1

$ 1 .2 0 and under $ 1 .2 5

— -------------

3. 5
4 .0
5. 2
2. 8
10.7

$ 1 .2 5
$ 1. 30
$ 1. 35
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1. 45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 30
$ 1. 35
$ 1. 40
$ 1 .4 5
$ 1. 50

----------------------------- —
----------------------- ---------------- ----------

6 .4
5.7
4. 2
3. 2
1 .4

4 .9
2. 1
1. 6
1.7
1. 1

4 .4
1.9
3.7
1. 3
1.0

2.
2.
8.
2.
1.

8
6
2
6
8

3. 4
.8
2. 5
2 .0
.9

2 .0
.6
.5
1.8
.5

19.1
8 .7
2 .8
2 .0
1. 1

12. 2
7 .0
8. 1
2. 5
1.7

5. 3
.6
1. 2
1. 2
.5

9 .5
.7
1. 1
4 .7
.6

14.0
4. 4
5. 4
2. 5
6 .9

$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1.80
$ 1.90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0
$ 2. 00

---- -----— —
----------------—--------------------- ---------— — ----------

6 .6
3. 5
3 .5
2.7
2.0

3 .8
1. 1
.9
3.0
.6

3. 2
2. 1
2. 4
2 .7
1. 3

4. 2
4 .0
3. 2
2 .7
2. 2

3. 5
2. 7
1. 5
.8
.8

2. 8
2. 1
2 .0
1. 6
1.6

4. 3
.9
5. 5
2 .6
1.7

3. 6
2. 2
1. 8
.8
2. 3

1. 7
1. 8
3.7
1.9
2 .0

5. 7
2 .9
2. 0
1. 5
.8

4.
4.
3.
2.
2.

1
1
1
6
6

5 .4
3. 2
2. 5
3. 0
1 .4

$ 2.
$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

----------------— --------------------- — -------------------—
-----------------

2. 6
1. 2
2. 4
.7
.5

1.0
1. 3
2 .6
.1
.9

3. 2
2. 0
.9
.6
.4

1.7
1. 2
3.0
.9
.6

.9
.4
.2
.3
.2

3 .4
1. 6
.7
.5
.5

1. 8
1. 2
.3
.9
.3

1. 3
1.0
2.9
.8
.4

1. 3
1.7
.3
.4
.4 .

2.
4.
1.
1.
1.

7
1
1
4
2

1 .4
2. 0
3.0
1. 7
.7

4. 7
4. 0
2. 2
1 .4
1.8

____—_________— —

5. 2

1. 5

.5

1.6

.2

.7
.5
.3
.5
(2)
.4

2 .8

2 .9

1. 4

1. 1

6. 7

2. 3

10. 5

00
10
20
30
40

$ 2. 50 and o v e r

10
20
30
40
5 0

21.
14.
5.
5.
4.

5
1
6
4
4

T o t a l -----— — — ----------- -------

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

-------- -----—
N um ber of em p loy ees
A vera g e hou rly wages 1 — ---- ---------

15,077
$ 1. 39

2,098
$1. 20

2, 864
$1. 20

3, 546
$1. 30

1,580
$0. 88

2, 798
$ 0 .9 8

1, 665
$1. 34

3, 538
$1. 32

3, 629
$1. 16

2, 694
$1. 17

9, 199
$1. 50

1,842
$ 1 .4 2

6, 237
$1. 78

d ays,

1 Wage data exclude tips and the value o f fre e m eals, ro o m s, and u n iform s, if any w ere p rov id ed , and prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holi
and late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e rce n t.


NOTE:


B eca u se o f rounding,

sum s of individual item s may not equal 100,

Table 2. Wage Distribution: Men Nonsupervisory Employees
(P e rc e n t d istribution o f m en n on sup ervisory em ployees in h otels, tou rist co u rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hourly w a g e s ,1 23 se le cte d a rea s, June 1961)
South

N ortheast
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
Boston

Buffalo

Newark
and
J e rs e y City

New Y ork
City

Atlanta

M iam i

New
Orleans

0. 3
1 .4
3 .9
2 .0
3. 1

6. 5
2. 6
2 .9
6 .0
4 .7

_
0. 6
.9

Washington

0. 1
_

-

-

-

1.7

-

-

-

25. 3
1 .4
1. 1
7. 2
3. 4

_
5. 4
1. 3
7. 2
3 .5

_
_
_
_
(2)

_
0. 3
4 .9
6 .7
1. 6

_
_
_
_
2. 7

4. 3
3. 3
6. 2
4 .9
3. 1

2 .8
1. 3
4 .4
1.7
4. 6

8 .8
4. 8
12. 1
3. 2
4. 3

5. 3
.4
.6
.5
1. 5

3. 3
11.8
2 .8
1.6
3. 1

2. 5
1. 1
3. 8
5 .8
4. 6

(2)
2. 2
2 .4
10. 5
1. 8

1. 2
2. 6
1. 8
2 .0
.2

4 .0
1.7
1. 3
11. 3
1 .8

2 .9
1 .4
1 .8
1. 2
2 .0

2. 1
4. 5
1.7
3. 3
6 .5

11. 4
1 .6
1.0
1 .4
1. 2

9. 1
.9
.3
1. 8
4 .5

3. 2
1. 1
3 .4
9 .9
11. 2

4 .7
10. 2
6. 1
4 .0
8. 1

10.7
2 .4
1.0
2. 8
2 .0

.5
1. 3
1. 3
3. 3
.7

1. 1
12. 7
14.0
2. 7
1 .6

4 .8
.4
.4
.3
2 .7

2. 2
1.7
.4
.5
4. 2

7. 3
8 .5
5 .4
1.0
2. 1

2. 3
1. 1
1 .5
1.9
1. 6

2 .6
1. 6
11. 5
1 4.4
1.7

-------------- —

7 .9
3 .6
2. 3
2 .4
.5

4. 2
2. 2
2 .4
1. 2
.8

2. 5
1.7
5. 2
1 .4
1. 5

2. 1
.4
.5
2 .8
3 .0

4 .0
2 .8
2. 1
1 .9
3 .0

3.
.
.
3.
9.

2
2
1
3
3

2 .9
.8
.3
2. 8
.8

4 .9
3. 3
1. 1
2. 3
.9

2. 1
1. 6
1.9
2. 6
.7

2 .8
3.0
1.9
1.9
2. 7

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 60
$ 1.70
$ 1. 8 0 -----------------$ 1. 90 -------------- —
$ 2. 0 0 ------— ---- —

4 .8
6 .7
2 .9
5 .4
3 .0

6. 3
3.6
3. 2
2. 3
8 .4

8. 2
3.0
2 .8
7 .7
1. 3

10. 6
16. 2
7. 6
4 .4
4 .6

6 .7
5. 2
3. 8
5. 2
2 .4

16.7
3. 2
4. 2
4. 8
4 .7

3 .8
3. 5
.6
2.7
1.0

3. 2
2 .8
2 .0
1.7
2. 2

3. 3
1 .5
.9
.8
.3

3. 3
3.7
3. 1
3. 2
2 .0

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

6. 1
1. 8
1. 1
.7
.3

1.2
3 .6
.8
1.5
.4

1. 5
1 .4
.7
2 .0
.3

3 .7
3. 3
2 .9
4 .7
2 .8

2 .7
1.7
1.7
.9
.3

2 .7
.8
7 .8
1. 3
1. 1

1.0
.6
. 1
_
-

2. 3
.9
.5
.4
.7

1.
.
.
.
.

4 .7
1. 2
1. 1
1. 2
2. 6

$0.
and
and
and
and

30 ...................
........
under $0. 3 5 ------- — ------under $ 0. 4 0 ------------ -----tinder $ 0. 4 5 ---- ------------under $0. 50 ------- -----------

$ 0.
$ 0.
$0.
$0.

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
0. 8

_
_

-

_
_
_
0. 1
1 .6

_
_
_
_
1. 1

$ 0. 75 and under $ 0. 80

7 .0
.5
10.2
.1
.2

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20
$ 1 .2 5

$ 1. 25
$ 1. 30
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1. 40
$ 1. 45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1. 30
$1. 35
$ 1.40
$ 1. 45
$ 1. 5 0

$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1 .70
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

$ 2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

and
and
and
and
and

00
10
20
30
40

Pittsburgh

_

Under
$0. 30
$ 0. 35
$ 0. 40
$ 0. 45
50
55
60
65

P hiladelphia

$0.
$ 0.
$0.
$ 0.

55
60
65
70 —----------------

-----------------.
---- — — ---- -

10 __ ____ ____
20
30 — --------------40
50

$ 2. 50 and o v e r

(2)

2
3
3
3
1

See footn otes at end o f table.




2. 1

1.2

2. 1

6. 3

2. 2

4 .8

.4

3 .0

1. 2

3. 3

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

3,901
$1. 37

T otal

950
$1. 33

710
$1. 24

21, 696
$ 1 .6 6

2, 292
$1. 32

1,857
$ 1 .5 4

969
$ 0 .7 7

7 ,600
$ 1. 12

1,781
$ 0 .8 2

3, 522
$1. 33

Table 2. Wage Distribution: Men Nonsupervisory Employees—Continued
(P ercen t distrib u tion o f m en n on su p ervisory em ployees in hotels, tou rist co u rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e h ou rly w a g e s ,1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
West

North Central
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
C hicago

Cincinnati

Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
apolis

Kansas
City

M ilw au­
kee

L os
A n g e le s Long
Beach

M inne­
apolis—
St. Paul

St. L ouis

_
0. 3
.3

1. 3
.4
1 .4

_
0. 6
3. 6
1. 2

_
0. 3
.3

.9
.4
.7

4 .7
.9
1. 5
.2
12. 5

1.5
.1
1. 3
.4
.8

Denver

P ortland

San
Franciscor*
Oakland

-

-

-

0. 2
.2
-

.4
.6
4. 4
.1
.6

0. 2
.2
_
6 .6
.4
1. 5
-

5 .7
1. 8
1. 1
3. 5
2 .5

.6
4. 1
1.8
.8
.2

.6
6 .7
.5
.4
1. 8

1. 3
4. 5
6. 2
5 .0
6. 2

.7
.6
4 .7
7. 3
.9

_
0 .8
1.0
.7
4 .4

--------------------------------—
-----------— —
—---- --— -----------------------

.9
2. 7
10.0
1 .7
2. 6

12. 6
7. 3
.5
1.0
.1

.2
10. 1
3.9
9 .0
7 .7

2. 1
1 .5
7. 6
.6
2. 1

6. 2
5. 3
3. 2
1 .4
2. 1

1. 1
3. 2
10.9
1.9
18. 4

1.7
1 .5
1. 1
8 .9
.4

.7
4 .7
1. 2
.4
.4

.9
7 .9
.7
.4
7. 2

2. 3
.8
8. 2
7. 6
9 .5

(2)
.8
.4
.4
1.0

$ 1 .0 5
$ 1. 10
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 2 5

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------—

1. 5
1 .4
1.7
2. 5
4. 6

16. 3
.5
9 .4
8. 3
.3

3. 2
4. 2
3 .8
6. 1
3 .4

1.7
1 .0
3. 8
12. 5
5. 5

4 .9
3.9
.8
.7
1. 3

1. 5
1.0
.6
.9
3. 2

4 .0
.4
3. 2
1.0
5. 2

4 .0
11.0
7 .4
1.9
8. 2

4 .4
.5
9 .2
11. 3
2. 2

6 .6
5 .9
1. 6
1.0
3.0

3 .4
3. 5
.5
11. 8
2. 6

.
.
.
10.
13.

7
6
2
5
4

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 30
$ 1. 35
$ 1. 40
$ 1 .4 5
$ 1. 5 0

--------- ------------------— -------- — --------—------------------- --------------

7. 2
5 .8
4 .0
2 .4
1 .6

3. 5
.3
.4
.9
1.9

3.0
2.0
1. 7
1.5
1.7

1. 6
1. 1
5 .7
2. 7
1. 4

6 .0
1. 2
2. 2
2. 5
1. 6

2. 5
.4
.5
2. 1
.5

4 .8
10.9
1 .2
1. 1
1. 2

6. 3
6 .7
7 .5
2. 1
1. 6

1. 2
.7
1. 2
.6
.2

7. 3
1. 1
.6
6. 3
.9

2. 1
3.0
7 .4
1.9
9. 1

11.
13.
5.
2.
.

5
0
3
4
6

.7
3. 1
1. 1
(2)
1. 2
1.7
.1
12. 3
1. 6

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1. 8 0
$ 1 .9 0
$ 2. 0 0

— ---------------- ——
------------- -—
------------ ——
------------ ------

6. 1
4 .0
3 .7
3. 4
2 .9

4 .9
.9
.3
5. 7
.5

2. 1
2. 3
3. 3
4 .6
2. 3

5. 3
2.9
4. 4
3 .9
4. 3

5. 5
3 .9
2. 5
1. 6
1. 6

4 .9
3. 5
3. 4
2. 8
2 .9

5. 5
1 .5
10. 2
5. 1
3.9

4. 1
3 .0
3. 1
1 .4
5. 2

1.9
2. 5
5. 2
2 .8
3. 3

8 .0
4 .9
2 .8
2. 3
.9

3.9
3. 5
3. 1
2. 5
3. 2

5. 5
1.9
2. 3
3. 7
1.9

6. 3
20.9
4. 3
4. 1
4. 3

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2. 10
$2. 2 0
$2. 3 0
$ 2 .4 0
$2. 50

— -----— _ —
---------------—
------------------— ------——
------------------

3 .7
1. 8
4. 2
1.0
.7

1.6
2 .9
5. 5
.3
2.0

5 .8
4, 0
1.7
1. 2
1.0

3. 2
2. 3
6 .0
1.7
1 .4

1. 8
.8
.1
.4
.4

1. 3
.9
.4
.9
. 1

6 .5
3 .7
1 .5
1 .2
1. 2

3. 2
2 .6
.7
2. 1
.9

2. 3
1. 7
5. 1
1. 3
.6

1.8
3.0
.6
.8
.7

3. 5
6. 2
1. 8
2. 2
2 .0

1 .8
2 .9
5. 4
2 .4
1. 4

4 .6
4. 1
2. 5
1.8
2. 5

$ 2. 50 and o v e r ------------ ------------ ------

9. 6

3.0

1. 1

3. 1

.4

.9

6 .2

7. 2

2. 4

2. 1

11. 3

4. 6

18. 1

100.0

100.0

876
$ 1 .4 9

3, 499
$1.8 7

1. 8

Under
$ 0. 30
$ 0. 35
$ 0. 40
$ 0. 45

$ 0 .3 0 ----------------------------------and under $ 0. 3 5 ------------ -----and under $0. 4 0 ------------------and under $ 0. 45 ---- — ------—
and under $ 0. 50 ---- -— --------

0. 2
.5
.7
.7

$0. 50
$ 0. 55
$0. 60
$ 0. 65
$ 0 .7 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0. 5 5
$ 0. 6 0
$0. 65
$ 0. 7 0
$ 0 .7 5

------------ ------------- ----------------—-----_
------------------------- -----------

$ 0 .7 5
$ 0 .8 0
$ 0. 85
$ 0 .9 0
$ 0. 95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0 .8 0
$ 0 .8 5
$ 0. 90
$ 0 .9 5
$ 1. 00

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .2 5
$ 1. 30
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1.40
$ 1 .4 5

and
and
and
and
and

$ 1 .5 0
$ 1.60
$ 1.70
$ 1. 80
$ 1 .9 0
$ 2 .0 0
$ 2 .1 0
$2. 20
$ 2 .3 0
$ 2. 40

-

-

-

— — -------- ------- ------------

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

A vera g e hou rly w ages 1 —---- ------------

8 ,0 5 6
$ 1. 52

961
$1. 28

1, 318
$1. 27

1, 641
$ 1 .4 1

761
$ 0 .9 9

Total

d ays,

0. 2
4. 4
10. 5

1 0 0

.

0

1, 270
$ 1 .0 5

_
-

.2
1. 1
(1
2)
1. 6
5 .0

0. 3
.5
1 .0

0. 3
-

2 .9
1. 4
.2
1. 1
.8

(2)
2.0
.2
2. 3

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

727
$ 1 .5 2

1,411
$ 1 .4 7

1,9 9 4
$1. 24

1,407
$1. 24

5, 192
$1. 62

1 Wage data exclude tips and the value of fre e m e a ls, room s, and u n iform s, if any w ere p rov id ed , and prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holi
and late shifts.
2 L ess than 0 .0 5 p ercen t.
NOTE: B eca u se o f rounding,




sum s of individual item s may not equal 100.

Table 3. W age Distribution: Women Nonsupervisory Employees
(P e rc e n t distrib u tion o f wom en non supervisory em ployees in hotels, tourist co u rts, and m otels by a vera ge straigh t-tim e hourly wages, 1 23 selected area s, June 1961)
N ortheast
A vera g e hourly w ages 1
Boston

Buffalo

Newark
and
J e rs e y City

South

New York
City

Under
$0. 30
$0. 35
$ 0. 40
$ 0. 45

$0.
and
and
and
and

3 0 ...........................................
under $0. 3 5 ____________
under $0. 4 0 ____________
under $ 0. 45 __ ----under $ 0. 50 __ __ _ __

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

5 5 ____________
60
. .
6 5 ____________
7 0 ________. ___
7 5 _________ __

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$1.

8 0 ____________
8 5 ____________
9 0 --- -------------9 5 ____________
0 0 ____________

14.
.
.
.
.

2
2
5
5
2

12.9
5. 8
.8
1. 4
. 2

9.
7.
13.
1.
4.

$ 1. 00
$1. 05
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .0 5
$1. 10 __
_ .. .
$ 1 . 1 5 ____ ___ ____
$ 1 . 2 0 ____________
$1. 2 5 ____________

5.
4.
10.
20.
6.

2
1
5
4
3

2.
13.
30.
5.
2.

14. 8
2. 7
1. 6
.8
-

.
.
.
.
.

$ 1 .2 5
$1. 30
$1. 35
$ 1. 40
$ 1 .4 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1. 3 0 __ __ __ _
$1. 3 5 ______ _____
$1. 4 0 ____________
$1. 4 5 __ __ _______
$ 1 .5 0 . . .
_ _

5. 7
5. 5
4. 8
1.8
.6

7. 4
2. 8
.9
.8
2 .9

2.
2.
2.
4.
.

5
1
1
3
8

.3
1. 2
35. 1
7 .8
7. 0

$1. 50
$ 1 .6 0
$1. 70
$ 1. 80
$1. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1. 60 — --------------$ 1 . 7 0 __ _____ ___
$1. 80 __
_ — _
$ 1 . 9 0 __ _
$2. 0 0 ___________

4.
2.
3.
1.
.

7
3
1
4
4

2. 2
.9
. 5
. 7
. 1

2. 1
1.9
1. 0
1. 4
.6

$2.
$ 2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

1 0 __ _____ ____
2 0 __ ______ ___
3 0 ____________
40
5 0 ____ _______

.7
.7
( 2)

.7
.8
. 1
"

$2. 50 and ov er _____________ ____ __

( 2)

_

00
10
20
30
40

_
5. 7

.2

3. 4

3
5
9
4
6

0. 4
_
7. 2
5. 7
5. 5
5. 5
0
0
5
0
5

Philadelphia

Pittsburgh

Washington

3.
6.
5.
5.
10.

.9
1. 1
5 .9
2. 0
2. 0

9. 6
4. 2
3. 8
.5
2. 5

2. 4
1. 4
1. 1
. 1
5 .8

21. 2
7. 6
6. 0
1. 2
2.8

.3
2. 4
1. 1
-

.
7.
2.
2.
.

4
6
0
2
7

3.
1.
1.
.
2.

0
4
2
6
5

6.
26.
6.
1.
3.

6
1
1
7
6

4. 4
3. 6
4. 7
2 .8
2. 1

.
.
.
9.
3.

8
3
3
0
0

.6
41. 3
6 .6
6. 6
3. 1

3.
.
2.
.
.

6
3
1
5
1

2.
3.
.
.
1.

2
3
3
3
7

3.
3.
3.
1.
2.

3
8
3
6
4

1.9
1. 0
1. 1
1. 0
1. 1

3.
4.
37.
4.
2.

7
8
5
6
5

1. 8
-

( 2)

.7
.6
7. 7
.6

2
1
8
2
2

New
Orleans

1.9
1. 0
6. 1

0. 3
-

6.
1.
6.
23.
17.

M iam i

3
0
6
2
3

-

0. 1
.1
3. 4
.6

Atlanta

( 2)

6
3
4
2
4

0. 3
_
8. 5
.9

7
4
7
1
0

1.9
1. 1
9 .4
1. 4
4. 1

.5
.8
1. 3
1. 3
-

2.
3.
1.
4.
.

2
4
2
0
5

1.
1.
.
.
.

2
0
5
8
3

2. 1
3.9
2. 1
1. 3
1.9

8. 2
9 .7
7. 0
5. 0
3. 6

4. 4
2. 5
2. 5
1.9
1. o

36.9
5. 7
2. 8
1. 2
.8

2.
2.
.
2.
1.

6
7
5
1
0

2 .8
2. 0
1. 4
1. 1
.5

1.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

7
4
2
1
1

.4
1. 0
.2
.4
.6
_
. 1
-

4. 4
2. 2
1. 8
1. 2
.8

.4
.4
1. 0
.4

2. 2
.5
1. 2
.4
.4
-

_

1. 6

.2

7.
2.
1.
1.
1.

1
2
3
1
1

.
.
.
.
.

5
1
1
7
1

( 2)

_

.2

_

.8
.6
.3
.2
(2 )
.3

Total________________________

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

Number of e m p lo y e e s ______ _______
A vera g e hou rly w ages 1
-

2, 523
$1. 17

1, 060
$1. 11

513
$0. 99

13, 216
$1. 56

1, 809
$1. 16

2, 282
$1. 29

1, 113
$0. 63

4, 758
$0. 98

1, 344
$0. 65

3, 153
$1. 16

See footn otes at end of table.




Table 3. Wage Distribution: Women Nonsupervisory Employees— Continued
(P e rc e n t d istribution of w om en non su p ervisory em ployees in hotels, tou rist cou rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hourly w ages, 1 23 se le cte d a rea s, June 1961)
W est

North Central
A vera g e hou rly w ages 1
C hicago

Under
$0. 30
$0. 35
$0. 40
$0. 45

$ 0.
and
and
and
and

3 0 ________________________
under $0. 3 5 ____________
under $0. 4 0 ------------------under $0. 45
---------under $0. 5 0 -------------------

$ 0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

55 __ ----60
----- — 6 5 ------------------7 0 ------------------7 5 ----- . . . .

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$1.

8 0 ------------------8 5 ----- ------- _
9 0 ----- ------- 9 5 ------------------00
- -------

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

00
05
10
15
20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1. 0 5 __ — $1. 1 0 ------------------$ 1 . 1 5 ------------------$1. 20 _
— ----$1. 2 5 ------------ ------

5. 8
6 .9
9. 1
3. 1
17. 6

$ 1 .2 5
$1. 30
$ 1. 35
$1. 40
$1. 45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1. 3 0 ------------------$1. 35
_ $ 1 . 4 0 ___
$1. 4 5 ------------------$1. 5 0 -------------------

5.
5.
4.
4.
1.

$1. 50
$1. 60
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$1. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1. 6 0 ------------------$1. 70 __ ----- — $ 1 . 8 0 ------------------$ 1 . 9 0 ------------------$2. 0 0 ------ —

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

1 0 ------------ -----20 ----- __
3 0 ____________
40 —
50 „ __
------

0. 1
.4
. 1
.3
10.
.
1.
.
2.

7
4
8
7
8

Cincinnati

Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
a polis

0. 2

6.
1.
3.
5.
2.

7
8
2
7
0

.8
.6
-

3.
5.
6.
11.
5.

4
7
0
5
3

Kansas
City

M il­
waukee

M inne­
a p olis—
St. Paul

0. 4
.9
2. 3

_
0. 1
4. 3
.2
18. 2
.9
1. 7

_
0. 6
.1
5. 3
. 2
.4
.2
.9

1.9
.4
.4
8. 3
20. 8

5.
1.
13.
6.
5.

0
8
6
5
3

0. 2
7. 8

0. 5
5 .9

.3
1. 0
2. 0
3. 8
-

4.
2.
3.
2.
1.

3
0
8
5
2

1. 4
1.9
7. 3
.9
3. 2

7. 6
6. 1
3 .9
3. 8
1. 8

1.9
.5
6. 7
28. 1
16. 0

1.
11.
3.
2.
1.

4
3
2
8
8

St. Louis

Denver

_
2. 6
1. 3

_
-

6. 7

0. 5

L os
A ngeles—
Long
Beach
_
■
(1
2)
( 2)
1. 0

San
Portland F ra n cisco —
Oakland
_
“

_
"

0. 8
.8

0. 1
1. 7
.4
.3

$ 2. 50 and o v e r -------------------------------

Number of e m p lo y e e s --------------------A vera g e hourly w ages 1 -------------------

5
2
0
7
8

11.
5.
23.
10.
4.

3
1
8
0
3

10. 7
23.9
2. 4
4. 0
5 .9

9. 6
2. 4
1. 5
1. 0
.9

2.
4.
2.
1.
1.

7
5
7
5
5

.
.
3.
1.
16.

6
9
0
4
3

13. 4
5. 1
9 .6
4. 7
15. 0

20. 6
2. 1
4. 6
6 .4
2. 6

8.
14.
16.
1.
2.

1
3
8
6
1

2.
.
8.
13.
5.

9
8
9
8
7

1.
1.
7.
10.
28.

2
6
5
9
5

5
5
3
1
2

6.
3.
2.
2.
.

1
6
6
3
5

5.
1.
5.
1.
.

6
7
5
2
5

3.9
3 .9
10. 3
2. 5
2. 1

.
.
2.
1.
.

9
5
8
6
2

1. 6
.8
.5
1. 4
.6

30.
7.
4.
2.
1.

2
0
1
7
0

16.
7.
8.
2.
1.

2
2
5
8
7

10.
.
1.
2.
.

3
4
2
0
8

11. 8
.3
1. 6
3. 0
.4

29.
6.
2.
3.
4.

3
3
8
1
0

5.
8.
8.
5.
.

5
4
3
4
9

1.
3.
.
10.
3.

0
0
1
7
9

7.
2.
3.
1.
1.

3
8
2
9
0

2 .9
1. 2
1. 3
.7
.7

4. 1
1.9
1.6
1. 0
.5

3. 3
5. 0
2. 2
1.6
.3

1. 6
1. 5
.5
. 1

1. 1
1. 0
.9
.7
.6

3.
1.
1.
.
.

3
7
0
4
5

1.
1.
1.
.
.

5
0
8
8
3

3. 3
.6
1. 0
.6
.7

4.
4.
3.
2.
1.

3
8
1
7
7

5. 4
4. 3
2. 7
2. 5
.8

41.
5.
7.
7.
4.

1
6
2
2
6

1.
.
.
.
.

3
6
4
5
2

.5
.2
-

. 1
.2
. 1
“
_

.3
. 1
. 1
.1
-

.8
.2
. 1
.2
-

1
3
2
2
2

1. 0
1. 2
.9
1. 0
.1

5.
3.
1.
.
.

0
9
8
9
9

.2

.8
.2
. 1
•1
-

1. 8
1. 3
.2
.4
. 1

.2

.5
.2
.4
.2
.3

.
.
.
.
.

.3

1. 0
.3
.3
. 1
. i

3. 3
.4
1.9
.6
1. 1
. 2

.8

.2

100. 0

00
10
20
30
40

15.
20.
16.
6.
3.

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

819
$0. 77

1, 528
$0. 93

938
$1. 20

2, 127
$1. 22

1, 635
$1. 07

1, 287
$1. 10

4, 007
$1. 36

966
$1. 35

2, 738
$1. 66

7, 021
$1. 25

1, 137
$1. 13

1, 546
$1. 14

1, 905
$1. 20

.8

1 Wage data exclude tips and the value o f fre e m eals, room s, and un iform s, if any w ere provided, and prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
2 L ess than 0. 05 p ercen t.
NOTE:




B ecause of rounding, sum s o f individual item s m ay not equal 100.

Table 4. Average Hourly Wages: Selected Occupations
(N um ber and a vera ge straigh t-tim e hourly w a g e s 1 o f em ployees in s e le cte d occupations in h o te ls, tou rist co u rts, and m o te ls, 23 s e le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
N ortheast
Boston

Newark and
J e rs e y City

B uffalo

^ O ccupation and sex
Number
of
em ployees

A verage
hourly
wages

Num ber
of
em p loyees

A verage
hourly
w ages

Number
of
em p loyees

New York City

A vera ge
hou rly
wages

Num ber
of
em p loyees

A verage
hourly
wages

P hiladelphia
Number
of
em ployees

A vera g e
hourly
wages

Pittsburgh
Number
of
em ployees

A verage
hourly
wages

Men
H otel:
R e Ilm en _______________________
C lea n ers, lobby _______________
C le r k s, room ---------------------------E lev a tor o p e ra to rs,
p a ss en g er ____________________
H ousem en ______________________
K itchen, dining ro o m , and b a r :
B a r te n d e rs 2 ----------------------------P u b lic b a rs _________________
S e rv ice b a r s _______________
Dinner o r s econ d c o o k s ----------D ishw ashers __________________
P a n t r y m e n -------------------------------W aiters 2 ----------------------------------Table w a iters — ----------------

223
58
159

$ 0 .7 6
1. 38
1.51

74
54

1.48

57
15
62

$0. 65
.9 2
1.39

1,406
297
852

$ 0 .9 6
1. 67
2. 01

104
47
86

$0. 63
1. 09
1. 78

129
43
55

$0. 78
1.48
1. 54

137
199

1. 15
1. 21

30
68

1. 20
1. 22

17
72

.8 1
.9 4

1, 132
1,601

1. 65
1. 67

64
172

1. 07
1. 14

152

1. 54

183
112
71
28
245
94
380
290

1.90
1.84
1.98
2. 58
1. 22
1.68
.8 5
.8 5

67
57
10
13
95

1.89
1.87
1.97
2. 14
1.09

55
54

1. 54
1. 54

546
345
201
84
1,277
340
2, 585
1,729

2. 10
2. 04
2. 18
3. 08
1. 51
1.73
.9 4
.9 3

81
54
27
11
192
47
180
108

1.69
1. 65
1.77
2. 94
1. 09
1. 32
. 72
.7 0

85
53
32
12
121

2. 17
2. 13
2. 24
2 .88
1.43

-

-

$ 0 .8 7
-

-

40
36

.8 7
.8 6

17

1.42

-

19
62
25
54
42

-

2. 37
.9 6
1. 55
.6 5
.6 3

-

-

136
103

.9 2
•92

W omen
H otel:
C lerk s, room __________________
E lev a tor o p e ra to rs ,
p a ss e n g e r __ ----------- ------- —
M aids, ch am b er ----------------------

821

K itchen, dining room , and b a r :
D ishw ashers ----------------------------Pantry w om en _________________
W a itresses 2 ___________________
Counter w a itre s s e s -----------Table w a itre s s e s _ _ -------

85
543
400

See footnotes at end o f table.




-

1. 14

31
380

1. 19
1. 13

_
1.36
.81
.7 6

9
69
239
21
218

1. 05
1. 21
.7 8
.8 3
.7 8

-

-

13
213
-

113
-

91

-

10

1.85

43

1. 34

24

1. 54

.9 1
. 86

173
6,9 0 2

1.71
1.41

85
602

1. 05
1. 06

82
613

1.46
1.41

.7 8
.7 4

31
122
708
108
594

1.49
1.66
.9 9
1. 06
.9 8

6
43
161
144

1. 12
1. 18
.6 5
.6 5

61
119
345
324

1. 39
1.40
. 70
-

.6 9

Table 4. Average Hourly Wages: Selected Occupations— Continued
(N um ber and a vera g e stra igh t-tim e hourly w a g e s 1 o f em ployees in s e le cte d occupations in h otels, tou rist co u rts, and m o te ls, 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
South
New O rleans

M iam i

Atlanta

Washington

O ccupation and sex
Numbe r
of
em p loyees

A verage
hourly
wages

546
225
361

$ 0 .4 2
1. 11
1.59

157
48
55

$0. 27
. 62
1. 34

265
98
146

$0. 55
1. 15
1. 80

.6 4

60
676

. 85
1. 10

126

. 67

131
271

1. 16
1. 16

13
42
71
42

1. 36
1.40
1.43
.4 6
. 31
. 30

198
184
14
84
835
134
957
881

1. 34
1. 33
1. 50
2. 26
.9 9
1. 51
.6 6
. 67

49
38
11
18
105
150
89

1. 30
1. 31
1. 23
1. 53
. 60
.4 2
. 38

103
18
85
34
271
19
318
272

2. 06
2. 15
2. 03
2. 25
1. 10
1. 34
. 80
.7 9

22

1. 55

65

1. 23

101
49 2

.4 8
.4 6

191
1,740

. 85
. 82

408

. 50

57
1,287

1. 11
1. 08

34
33
108

.4 9
.6 8
. 27

24
784
73
707

1.29
. 55
.6 2
. 55

52
53
153
151

.4 6
. 58
. 34
. 33

37
108
351
338

1. 11
1. 16
.7 2
. 70

A verage
hourly
wages

194
13
64

$0. 18
. 54
1. 50

119
17
12

Number
of
em p loyees

Number
of
em ployees

A verage
hourly
wages

Number
of
em ployees

A verage
hourly
wages

Men
H otel:
B ellm en _____________________________
C lea n ers, lobby -----------------------C lerk s, room ---------- ----- ------E lev a tor o p e ra to rs ,
p a ssen ger ------------------------------H ousem en ---------------------------------K itchen, dining ro o m , and b a r :
B a rten d ers* ----------------------------P u b lic b a rs -------------------------S erv ice b a rs -----------------------Dinner o r secon d cooks _______
D ishw ashers ----------------------------Pantrym en ------------- ------ ------W aiters 2 ----------------------------------Table w a iters ----------------------

-

W omen
H otel:
C lerk s, room _
----------- ------E lev a tor o p e ra to rs,
p a ssen g er ------------------------------M aids, ch am ber -------- _ ------K itchen, dining room , and b a r:
D ishw ashers ----------------------------Pantry w om en _________________
W aitresses 2 -----------------------------Counter w a itre ss e s ________
Table w a itre ss e s ----------------

See footnotes at end o f table,




-

100

-

. 23

“

Table 4. Average Hourly Wages: Selected Occupations— Continued
(N um ber and average straigh t-tim e hourly wages 1 o f em ployees in s e le cte d occupations in h o te ls, to u rist co u rts, and m o te ls , 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
North Central
Chicago

Cincinnati

Cleveland

D etroit

Indianapolis

O ccupation and sex
A ver­
Number
Number
age
of em ­ hourly o f em ­
ployees wages p loyees

A ver­
A v e r­
A ver­
Num ber
Number
Number
age
age
age
of em ­
of em ­
o f em ­
hou rly
hourly
hourly
p lo y e e s
p loyees
p loyees
wages
wages
wages

Kansas City

M ilwaukee

A ver­
A ver­
Number
Number
age
age
o f em ­
o f em ­
hourly
hourly
p loyees
p lo y e e s
wages
wages

M inneapolis—
St. Paul

St. Louis

A ver­
Number
age
o f em ­
hourly
p loyees
wages

A ver­
A v e r­
Number
age
age
of em ­
hourly
hourly
p loyees
wages
wages

Men
H otel:
B ellm en - ------ --------------- ---C lea n ers, lob by
_____________
C le rk s, room __________________
E lev a tor o p e ra to rs ,
p a ss e n g e r ____________________
H ousem en ---------------------------------K itchen, dining ro o m , and b a r:
B a r t e n d e r s * __________________
P u b lic b a rs -------------------------S e rv ice b a r s ------------------------Dinner o r secon d cook s ----------D ishw ashers --------------------------P antrym en _____________ __ _
W aiters 2 ----------------------------------Table w a iters ______________

$ 0 .6 3
1. 14
1.45

159
14
98

$ 0 . 62
1. 22
1.47

55
26
22

$0. 50
. 83
1. 27

234
34
86

$0. 52
.9 4
1. 32

61
59

$ 0 .7 4
1.75

79
23
47

$ 0 .7 8
1. 30
1.58

178
76
114

$0. 57
1. 06
1. 24

103

1. 18

113

1. 18

15
55

.7 5
.8 4

27
141

.9 5
.9 8

71

1. 34

19
99

1. 32
1. 36

51
149

1. 00
1. 15

58
49
13
106
93
75

1.91
1.91
2. 31
.9 5
.8 3
.8 3

58
43
15
10
140
123
76

1.96
1 .94
2. 02
3. 15
1. 16
.8 7
.8 7

25
25
7
55
59
48

1.65
1.65
2. 02
.6 9
.4 4
.4 3

72
66
6
14
95
82
-

1.74
1.73
1.81
2. 15
.8 7
. 66
-

61
60
19
32
33
-

1.94
1.93
2.41
1. 15
.91
-

93
71
22
14
121
16
91
60

2. 11
2. 12
2. 07
2. 36
1. 17
1. 34
1.09
1.09

53
45
8
24
81
194
177

1.89
1. 87
2. 00
2. 24
1. 03
.7 2
. 72

724
152
409

$0. 66
1.47
1. 67

73
34
35

$ 0 .6 7
1.15
1.67

100
34
43

221
683

1.45
1. 32

46

1. 14

286
201
85
57
388
56
791
462

1.99
1.92
2. 16
2 .55
1. 17
1. 28
.8 6
. 86

52
33
19
62

1.88
1.89
1.85
1. 03
.7 8
.7 8

-

124
124

-

W omen
H otel:
C le rk s, room _ ----- ----- —
E lev a tor o p e ra to rs ,
p a ss en g er ___________ - ------M aids, ch am ber ----------------------

120

1. 52

-

33

1. 31

33

1. 52

37

1.29

51

1. 00

18

1.64

15

1.53

18

1. 39

362
2,740

1. 34
1. 10

26
227

1. 14
1. 08

87
481

1. 17
1. 09

82
645

1. 35
1. 08

35
214

.6 8
.7 0

59
524

.9 6
.8 8

263

1. 26

19
425

1. 28
1.21

60
674

1. 22
.9 4

K itchen, dining room and b a r :
D ishw ashers --------------------------Pantry w om en ------------- -----------W a itresses 2 ___________________
Counter w a itre ss e s -----------Table w a i t r e s s e s -----------------

103
173
593
188
378

1. 20
1.32
.8 0
.8 0
.81

34
52
191
56
131

1. 02
1. 18
.8 5
.9 5
.7 9

21
76
260
46
214

1. 05
1. 17
.81
.8 9
.7 9

19
55
259

1. 16
1. 26
.8 9

43
41
151
136

.7 4
.7 5
.3 9
. 36

47
54
214
40
172

.8 8
.9 8
. 60
.6 9
.5 7

56
45
177
33
144

1. 09
1. 28
.8 7
.9 6
.8 5

57
77
389
24
346

1. 17
1.36
1.06
1. 07
1.06

63
75
160
23
137

.9 9
1. 17
.7 5
.8 5
.7 4

See footnotes at end o f table.




-

-

259

-

.8 9

Table 4. Average Hourly Wages: Selected Occupations— Continued
(N um ber and a vera ge stra igh t-tim e hourly wages

o f em ployees in se le cte d occupations in h otels, tou rist co u rts, and m o te ls, 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
West
L os A n g e le s Long B each

Denver
O ccupation and sex

Number
of
em ployees

San F r a n c is c o Oakland

P ortland

A verage
hourly
wages

Number
of
em ployees

A verage
hourly
wages

Number
of
em ployees

A verage
hourly
wages

Number
of
em ployees

A verage
hourly
wages

122
16
77

$0. 56
1. 13
1. 52

429
21
328

$0. 71
1. 51
1.49

54
44

$ 0 .7 8
1. 65

324
68
252

$1. 02
1. 62
2. 14

12
105

1. 05
1. 05

80
502

1. 26
1. 30

45

1. 23

103
347

1.66
1. 65

63
59
19
168
22
99
94

1.72
1.72

2. 14
2. 12
2. 29
2. 83
1.44
2. 05
1. 16
1. 16

44
40
-

2. 28
2. 25

1.93
.9 7
1. 18
. 88
. 88

323
295
28
49
332
59
501
369

90
11
44
-

1. 28
1. 53
1. 19
-

134
118
16
48
192
71
312
205

2. 75
2. 74
2. 80
2. 81
1. 63
2. 15
1.49
1.48

19

1. 36

47

1. 52

23

1.47

49

1. 96

17
431

1. 02
1. 02

80
1,599

1.47
1. 21

27
256

1. 28
1. 23

23
1, 043

1.66
1. 54

38
543
69
437

1.97
1. 19
1. 15
1. 17

8
28
166
17
149

1.29
1.59
1. 15
1. 20
1. 15

42
16
288
30
258

1. 65
2. 03
1.43
1. 67
1. 40

Men
H otel:
B ellm en ______ — ------ -------C lea n ers, lobby _______________
C lerk s, roo m ---------------------------E lev a tor o p e ra to rs,
p a ssen g er ------------------------------Housem en ______________________
K itchen, dining ro o m , and b a r:
B a r te n d e rs 2 ___________________
Public b a r s -------------------------S e rv ice b a rs _______________
Dinner o r secon d cook s _______
D ishw ashers ___________________
Pantrym en^--------------------------------W aiters 2 -----------------------------------Table w a iters ----------------------

-

-

-

W omen
H otel:
C lerk s, room ---------------------------E lev a tor o p e ra to rs,
p a ssen g er ____________________
M aids, ch am b er ---------------------K itchen, dining ro o m , and bar:
D ishw ashers --- ---------------------Pantryw om en -------------------------W aitresses 2 ----------------------------Counter w a itre s s e s ________
Table w a itre s s e s __________

-

52
235
-

227

-

1. 23
.8 6
-

.8 6

1 Wage data exclude tips and the value of fre e m eals, room s, and u n iform s, if any w e re p rov id ed , and prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h o li­
days, and late shifts.
2 Includes data fo r w o rk e rs in addition to those shown separately, in som e a re a s.
NOTE: D ashes indicate no data reported o r data that do not m eet publication crite ria .




Table 5. W age Distribution: Men Room Clerks
(D istribution of m en room clerk s in hotels, tou rists co u rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hou rly w a g e s ,1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
N ortheast
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
B oston

Buffalo

Newark
and
J e rs e y City

South

New York
City

Philadelphia

Pittsburgh

Atlanta

M iam i

New
Orleans

Washington

$0. 45 and under $ 0. 5 0 ----------------$ 0.
$0.
$0.
$ 0.
$ 0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0. 5 5 ----------------$ 0 . 6 0 ----------------$0. 6 5 ----------------$ 0 . 7 0 ----------------$ 0 . 7 5 ___________

$ 0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 00
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1 .2 0

and
and
and
and
and

$ 1. 25
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 5

.

.

-

-

.
-

.

-

.
-

-

-

.
-

.
-

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$ 0. 8 0 ___________
$ 0. 8 5 ----------------$0. 90 —-------------$ 0. 9 5 ----------------$ 1 . 0 0 --------------------------

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

1
2
-

.
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 0 5 _________________
$ 1 . 1 0 ______ ________ _
$ 1 . 1 5 _________________
$ 1. 2 0 _________________
$ 1 . 2 5 _________________

.

.

15

.

.

8

1
0

32

_

-

-

7

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

$

and
and
and
and
and

2

. 00

$ 2 .1 0
$ 2. 20
$2. 30
$2. 40

-

2
1
1

-

-

$ 1. 3 0 -------------------------$ 1 . 3 5 _________________
$ 1 . 4 0 __________________
$ 1 . 4 5 -------------------------$ 1 . 5 0 _________________

50

4

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 6 0 _________________
$ 1 . 7 0 _________________
$ 1 . 8 0 -------------------------$ 1 . 9 0 -------------------------$ 2. 0 0 _________________

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 .1 0

$2. 50 and o v e r

-

-

2
1

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

4

2
8
6

6

_

_

_

-

-

18

-

4
4

4

4

-

-

29

17

6
3
2
1

8
3
1
7
1

6

9

63
75
189
77

1

.

_

11
2

. 2 0 _________________

-

-

-

$ 2. 30 _ _ _______ __
$ 2 . 4 0 _________________
$ 2. 5 0 _________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_____________________________

.

$

2

. ________________

T otal em p loy ees _.____. . . . ___ « ...
—

_____

See footnote at end o f table.

2
6

2
1
37
1
4

2

-

-

8
3
2

A vera ge h ou rly w ages 1




-

_

-

8

5
16

1
0

-

-

-

2
22
2

-

-

-

-

35
18

18
-

39
81
19

14

-

6
1
2
1
2
3
8

1

8
18
-

14

2

3
2

8
2

-

20

-

53

-

_

_

-

-

19
5

-

-

-

115
96

2

-

-

-

66

9
4
7

-

-

-

-

25

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

19

.

.

_

2

_

159

54

62

852

$ 1 .5 1

$ 1 .4 8

$ 1 .3 9

$ 2 .0 1

86
$ 1 .7 8

l
_

14
42
14
18
13
26
5
4
3
-

_

55

64

361

55

146

$ 1 .5 4

$ 1 .5 0

$ 1 .5 9

$ 1 . 34

$ 1 .8 0

00

Table 5. Wage Distribution: Men Room Clerks— Continued
(D istribution o f m en room cle rk s in h o te ls, tourist co u rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e h ou rly w a g e s ,1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
W est

North Central
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
C hicago

Cincinnati Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
apolis

Kansas
City

M ilwau­
kee

M inne­
apolis—
St. Paul

St. Louis

Denver

21

_

$0. 50 and under $ 0. 5 5 ----------------$0. 55 and under $0. 6 0 ----------------$0. 60 and under $0. 6 5 -----------------

$0.
$0.
0
$0.
$ 0.

75 and
80 and
ft1
*
90 and
95 and

_
.
_

.
-

_
•
_

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0. 8 0 ----------------$ 0. 8 5 ----------------$ 0. 9 0 ___- ______
$0. 9 5 ----------------$ 1 . 0 0 -----------------

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

8

_
9

-

-

_

_
-

-

7

"
“
-

“
-

“
3

10
15
20

-

20
10
“
2
30

“

-

"
'
"
-

1
2

29

2
-

1
“
1

3

_

3
3
_

9
22

2
1
1
■
-

1
4
2

7
2
11
■

1
3
1

1
3
4
5
1

6
4
"

1
5
~
10
1

10
4
2
31
6

7
"
”

1
2
1
1
-

18
4
6
-

6
6
18
2
14

5
16
5
3

11
11
6
13
1

39
2
3
8
-

18
33
25
34
5

15
4
3
2
2

4
3
6
95

_
-

6
“
-

1
1
-

"

“

1
5
“
2

-

-

-

-

14
14
2
2
6

32
24
35
9
29

_

-

-

lindpr
under
under
under
under

$ 1. .30 __________
$ 1. 3 5 ----------------$ 1 . 4 0 ----------------$ 1. 4 5 ----------------$ 1 . 5 0 -----------------

8
36
60
24

3
3

8
4
3
4

6
5
3
-

$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1■90

and
and
and
and
a^d

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 6 0 ----------------$ 1 . 7 0 ----------------$ 1. 8 0 ----------------$ 1 . 9 0 ----------------$ 2 .0 0
_________

47
53
45
63
26

14
2
1
6

1
10
2

12
9
29
4
8

$2.
$ ?.,
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

1 0 ----------------2 0 ----------------30 —--------------4 0 ----------------5 0 -----------------

22
5
5
2
2

5
1

Vw-mrly uragpa *

~

-

and
and
and
and
and

T otal e m p lo y e e s ------- --------- ——

~

“
”

$1 25
$ 1. 30
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1. 45

_

_

_

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

$ 1. 0 5 ----------------$ 1. 1 0 ----------------$ 1 . 1 5 ----------------$ 1 . 2 0 ----------------^ 1 .25
______

$2. 50 and o v e r _____________

“

"

under
unde r
under
tinder
unHf t

-

■
5
4

9

6
1

and
and
and
and
and

00
10
20
30
40

_

■
■
-

San
Portland F ra n cis co —
Oakland

16
.
*

-

$ 1. 00
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
^ [ 20

_

_

L os
A n g e le s Long
B each

_

_

-

=

1

-

3

-

6

-

15

44

252

$ 1 .6 5

$ 2. 14

409

35

43

98

22

86

59

47

114

77

328

$ 1 .6 7

$ 1 .6 7

$ 1 .4 5

$ 1 .4 7

$ 1 .2 7

$ 1 . 32

$ 1 .7 5

$ 1 .5 8

$ 1. 24

$ 1 .5 2

$ 1 .4 9

1 Wage data exclu d e tips and the value of fre e m e a ls, room s, and u n iform s, if any w e re p rov id ed , and p rem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h o li­
da ys, and late sh ifts.




Table 6. Wage Distribution: Men Dishwashers
(D istribution o f m en dishw ashers in h o te ls, tourist co u rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hou rly w ages, 1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
South

N ortheast
A vera g e h ou rly w a g e s 1
Boston

Buffalo

Newark
and
J e r s e y City

New Y ork
City

Philadelphia

P ittsburgh

Atlanta

M iam i

New
Orleans

Washington

$ 0 . 35 and under $ 0. 40 -----------------$ 0. 40 and under $ 0. 45 ------ ----------$ 0 .4 5 and under $ 0. 50 -— --------- —

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
4

-

3
5
2

$ 0. 55
$ 0. 60
$ 0. 65
$ 0 .7 0

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$0. 60
$0. 65
$0. 70
$ 0 .7 5

_
-

_
-

_
7

_
-

6
-

“

10
2
1

4

25
5
53
9

$ 0 . 75
$ 0. 80
$ 0 . 85
$ 0. 90
$ 0 .9 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
tinder
under

$0. 80
$0. 85
$0. 90
$0. 95
$ 1 .0 0

_
-

4

1
2
4
19

_
-

6
-

3
6
-

“

40
16
49
34
357

2
1
-

25
22
35
55

17
46
12
2
14

24
2
2
-

_
-

_
122
33
4
10

1
“

-

169
30
93
16
9

"

14
248
9
*

51
44
9
4
-

_
-

1
-

6
5
10
375
262

3
4
4
-

2
109

-

9
2
4
3

~

-

_
_

478
117
19
3
2

_
_

-

-

-

-

----------------------------------— — ----------------— --------

_
$ 1. 10 and under $ 1 .1 5 -----------------$ 1 .1 5 and tinder $ 1. 20 ________ ——

$ 1. 30 and under $ 1. 35 -----------------$ 1. 45 and under $ 1. 50 ------------------

~

"

$ 1. 50 and under $ 1. 60 ------------------

_

$ 1. 80 and under $ 1 .9 0 ------------------

-

_
_

T otal e m p lo y e e s ------- ------------------

245

95

62

1, 277

192

121

42

835

105

271

$ 1 .0 9

$ 0 .9 6

$ 1 .5 1

$ 1 .0 9

$ 1 .4 3

$ 0 .4 6

$ 0 .9 9

$ 0 .6 0

$ 1. 10

A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1------- -------- —

See footnote at end of table.




_

$ 1 .2 2

-

Table 6. Wage Distribution: Men Dishwashers— Continued
(D istribution o f m en dishw ashers in h otels, tourist co u rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hou rly w ages, 1 23 selected a re a s, June 1961)
W est

North Central
A vera g e h ou rly wages 1
C hicago

$0. 40 and under $0. 4 5 -------------------

.

Cincinnati

-

Cleveland

-

_
.
_
4
_

_
.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
.

.

.

-

-

-

-

.
.
_

_
.
_

-

_
87
3

_

.
5
3
_

_
_
4
.

.
.
_
56

.
34
29
81

.
.
_

-

1

_

_
.
13
5
6

5
5
3
2
-

_
-

_

2
_
_
9

3
_
28
5
72

_

9
4
_
.
_

6
3
.
.
_

1
_
_

-

.
.
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

.
.
-

140

55

95

32

121

4
6

_
_

_
_

9
5
2
1

5
_
_
88
29

_

3

1

2

_
_

_
_
_

6
2
2

_

-

_
-

_
_
-

388

62

106

13
21
4
1

$ 1 . 17

_
_
_

$ 1.03

$ 0 .9 5

San
F ran cis ccrOakland

-

2

57

A verage hou rly w ages 1 --------------------

-

1
4
58
25

24
11
60
203

Portland

-

_

_

Denver

-

4

12

St. Louis

-

_
_
_

_

M ilw au­
kee

.

_
6
8
25
6

12
27

Kansas
City

-

-

.

2

T otal em p loy ees - __ ___ . . . . . . .

Indian­
apolis

L os
A n g e le s Long
Beach

_

-

$0. 50 and under $0. 5 5 ---------------—

$ 1.80 and under $ 1 . 9 0 -----------------$ 1 90
f ^ nn

D etroit

M inne­
apolis—
St. P aul

_

$ 1 . 16

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

$ 0 .6 9

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

$ 0 .8 7

$ 1 . 15

$ 1 . 17

5
2

-

-

-

-

16
-

4
-

36
47

.

1
-

42
25
14
231

.
-

1
-

2
2
-

81

168

332

90

192

$ 0 .9 7

$ 1 .4 4

$ 1. 28

$ 1 .6 3

$ 1 .0 3

-

-

3
-

_
-

-

19
2
32
130
9
-

1 Wage data exclude tips and the value o f fre e m eals, ro o m s, and un iform s, if any w ere p rov id ed , and p rem ium pay fo r ove rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holi
d ays, and late shifts.




Table 7. Wage Distribution: Housemen
(D istribution o f housem en in hotels, tou rist co u rts, and m otels by average stra igh t-tim e hou rly w a g e s ,1 23 s e le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
South

N ortheast
A vera g e h ou rly w a g e s 1
B oston

Buffalo

Newark
and
J e rs e y City

New Y ork
City

P hiladelphia

P ittsburgh

Atlanta

M iam i

New
Orleans

Washington

2
$0. 50
$0. 55
$0. 60
$ 0. 65
$ 0 .7 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0. 55
$0. 60
$0. 65
$0. 70
$ 0 .7 5

—— ---------......... .......
— ----------------------------------- -------—

_
-

_
-

_
6
1

-

-

“

24
7
38
27
8

-

9
70
37

$ 0. 80
$0. 85
$ 0 .9 0
$ 0 .9 5

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$0. 8 5
$0. 90
$ 0 .9 5
$ 1 .0 0

--------- —---------------------

_
-

_
-

12
4
18
-

-

-

5
-

1
4
8
■

2
8

10
-

21
■

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1. 10
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .0 5 — ----- ------$ 1 .1 0 ----------------$1. 15
$ 1. 20 —---- --------$ 1. 25

10
15
52
72

7
9
21
8

20
6
5
-

-

139
11
7

-

-

89
373
118
30

-

206
17

$ 1. 25 and under $1. 30 -----------------

25
1
4
18
2

9
1
3
-

_
-

7
8

-

.
2
17
7

24
•

"

28
17
"

_
"

25
2
“

.
-

10
-

.
-

76
1, 237
215
29
12

-

111
2
10
-

■

11
-

“

~

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

.

5
1

-

-

-

-

-

$ 1 .40 and under $ 1.4 5 ----------------$ 1 .4 5 and under $ 1. 50

$ 1.7 0 and under $ 1. 80

-

T otal e m p lo y e e s _______ . . . . . . . -----

199

68

72

1,601

A vera ge h ou rly wages 1 — -------------

$ 1 .2 1

$ 1 .2 2

$ 0 .9 4

$ 1 .6 7

See footnote at end of table.




-

-

^ ^ ^ 1 7 2 __
$ 1 . 14

-

152

119

676

126

271

$ 1.54

$ 0 .6 4

$ 1. 10

$ 0 .6 7

$ 1. 16

Table 7. Wage Distribution: Housemen—Continued
(D istribution o f housem en in h otels, tourist cou rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e h ou rly w ages, 1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
Wei S t

North Central
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
C hicago

Cincinnati

Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
apolis

Kansas
City

M ilw au­
kee

M inne­
apolis—
St. P aul

•

_

_

36
19

20
68
25
47
205
121
53
23

---| 1 7ft ptwl
^ 1 flft
$1
and
.....
$ 1.90 and under $2. 00 — — ----------

1 2 1ft and 'ind

$ ? ?ft

-

_
36
10

_
_
_
_

$ 1. 32

_
_
10

_
15
30

2

2
_
_
125

_
1
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
10
13

_
4
-

4
19
70
1

9
5
_
_
_

3
_
1
_
9

1
_
_
3
_

2
_
_
-

_
59
71
2

17
22
1
6
7

10
10
10
28

9
22

1
10
2
1

1
_
_
_
_

1
_
_
_
_

5
51
_
_
2

18
13
54
_
_

1
8
-

15
4

22
12
303
12
26

9
4
1
-

11

_
_

_
_
_

12
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

6
_
2
_
-

1
_
-

-

_
_
_
-

-

-

4
6
10
-

_
■

17
312
4
3
■

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

_
2

8
7

2

_
30
47
12
14
_
_
_

-

-

$ 1 . 14

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

.
_
_

46

San
F ra n cis co —
Oakland

_
_
_

_
3
20

-

_
683

Portland

_
_
_

_
.
_
_

_
_
_

. . ...

T otal e m p lo y e e s -----------------------A verage hn,v**ly w**g#»s 1

3
54
9

_
_
_

Denver

7

Under $ 0 .5 0 ----------------------------------$ 0. 55 and under $ 0. 60 — -------------

St. L ouis

L os
A n g e le s Long
B each

1

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

103

113

55

141

71

99

149

105

502

45

347

$ 1. 18

$ 1 . 18

$ 0 .8 4

$ 1 .9 8

$ 1. 34

$ 1 . 36

$ 1 . 15

$ 1 .0 5

$ 1. 30

$ 1 .2 3

$ 1 .6 5

1 Wage data exclu d e tips and the value o f fr e e m e a ls, room s, and u n iform s, if any w ere p rov id ed , and prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h o li­
d ays, and late sh ifts.




Table 8. W age Distribution: Women Elevator Operators, Passenger
(D istribution o f w om en elevator op era tors, p a ssen ger,in h otels, tou rist co u rts, and m otels by average stra igh t-tim e hourly, w a g e s,1 20 se le cte d a re a s,2 June 1961)
N ortheast
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
Buffalo

Newark
and
J e rs e y City

New York
City

South
P hiladelphia

P ittsburgh

Atlanta

M iam i

Washington

$ 0. 35 and under $ 0. 4 0 ----------------$ 0. 40 and under $ 0. 45 —--------------$0. 45 and under $0. 5 0 --- -------------

-

-

-

-

-

8
17
34

-

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$ 0.

-

-

-

11
-

-

38
4
-

2
-

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
said

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0. 8 0 ----------------$ 0. 85 __ ------- —
$0. 9 0 ___________
$ 0. 9 5 ----------------$ 1 . 0 0 -----------------

_
-

4
5
-

_
“

-

-

-

32
15
123
6
3

_
14
-

$ 1. 00
$ 1. 05
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 0 5 ___________
$ 1 . 1 0 . ------------$ 1 .1 5 — ------------$ 1. 2 0 -------- -------$ 1. 2 5 _________ _

_
7
5
12

4
-

-

_
37
26
10
1

_
-

-

10
-

1
42
-

$ 1. 25
$ 1. 30
$ 1. 35
$ 1. 40
$ 1.45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 30 __ -----------$ 1 . 3 5 ----------------$ 1. 4 0 ----------------$ 1. 45 „ -----------$ 1. 5 0 -----------------

7
-

_

-

36
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1. 70
$ 1. 80

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 1. 6 0 ------- — $ 1 . 7 0 ----------------$ 1. 8 0 ___________
$ 1. 9 0 __ -_____

_
-

_
-

_
124
32
17

_
_

40
_

_
-

_
-

5 5 ----------------6 0 ----------------6 5 ---------7 0 ----------------7 5 -----------------

T otal em p loy ees __ ----- _—
A vera ge hou rly w ages 1 _____ -— —

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

_
-

31

13

173

85

82

101

191

57

$ 1 . 19

$ 0 .9 1

$ 1.71

$ 1 .0 5

$ 1 .4 6

$ 0 .4 8

$ 0 .8 5

$ 1 . 11

Table 8. Wage Distribution: Women Elevator Operators, Passenger—Continued
(D istribution o f w om en eleva tor o p e ra to rs, passenger, in hotels, tou rist co u rts, and m otels

by average stra igh t-tim e hou rly w a g e s ,1 20 se le cte d a re a s,2 June 1961)
W est

North Central
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
C hicago

Cincinnati

Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
apolis

Kansas
City

M inne­
apolis—
St. Paul

-

“

-

■

“

~

“

$0.
$0.
$0.
$ 0.
$0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
tinder

$ 0. 5 5 ----------------$ 0 . 6 0 ----------------$0. 6 5 ----------------$ 0 . 7 0 ___________
$0. 7 5 -----------------

_
-

“

"

"

2
26
2

“
~

-

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0. 8 0 ___________
$0. 8 5 ----------------$0. 9 0 ----------------$0. 9 5 ----------------$ 1 . 0 0 -----------------

36
-

-

■

“

5
-

$ 1. 00
$ 1 05
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 ,1 5
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
undftr
nnd«r
under

$ 1. 0 5 ----------------$ 1 . 1 0 - . . . . _____
$1. 15 __________
$ 1. 2 0 ___________
$ 1. 2 5 -----------------

_

9
_

36

_
26

8

-

52
26

.
_
_

$ 1. 25
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 ^5
$1 40
$ 1.45

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
undor
rmd#»r
under

$ 1. 3 0 ----------------$ 1 . 3 5 ----------------$ 1 .40
$ 1 .4 5
_ ___
$ 1. 5 0 -----------------

_
27
68
25
7

_

.

$ 1. 50
$ 1. 60
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 80

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
imdpr

$ 1. 6 0 ----------------$ 1 . 7 0 ----------------$ 1 . 8 0 ----- ---------$ 1.90

146
9
-

_ _---- -

A verage hou rly w ages 1 ----------------

_

_

_

_

~

D enver

Portland

“
“

.

.

_

■

.

$0. 35 and under $0. 4 0 ----------------$ 0. 40 and tinder $ 0 .4 5 - -----------$ 0 .4 5 and under $0. 5 0 -----------------

T otal em p loy ees

St. Louis

L os
A n g e le s Long
B each

“

~

“
■
-

“
~
~

2
“
“

“
_
*

_

“
“

"
“
~

-

San
F r a n c is c o Oakland

-

■

59

-

~
“
~

_
-

_
-

2

21
16
9

5
9
1
-

6
-

15

10
65
7
-

_
-

_
-

13
4
-

14
-

-

16
2

12
-

-

-

"

“
“

■
“

56
■
“

“
“

23
“
-

17

80

27

23

$ 1. 47

$ 1 .2 8

$ 1 .6 6

-

~

*

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

362

26

87

82

35

59

19

60

$ 1. 34

$ 1. 14

$ 1. 17

$ 1. 35

$ 0 .6 8

$ 0 .9 6

$ 1. 28

$ 1. 22

$ 1 .0 2

"

1 Wage data exclu d e tips and the value of fre e m e a ls, room s, and u n iform s, if any w e re p rov id ed , and p rem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h o li­
d ays, and late shifts.
2 Data fo r B oston, New O rlea n s, and Milwaukee did not m eet publication cr ite ria .




Table 9. Wage Distribution: Chambermaids
(D istribution o f cham berm aids in h otels, tou rist courts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hou rly w a g e s ,1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
N ortheast
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
Boston

$ 0. 30
$ 0 . 35
$ 0 .4 0
$ 0. 45

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 0. 35
$ 0. 4 0
$ 0 .4 5
$ 0. 50

—------— ----------------------—— ------------------- --------

$ 0.
$ 0.
$ 0.
$0.
$ 0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$ 0.
$ 0.
$ 0.
$0.

5 5
60
6 5
70
7 5

--------- -------— ---- — — —
------------- -----

$ 0. 75
$ 0 . 80
$ 0. 85
$ 0 .9 0
$ 0. 95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0. 8 0
$ 0. 8 5
$ 0 .9 0
$ 0 .9 5
$ 1. 00

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

Buffalo

Newark
and
J e rs e y City

South

New York
City

P hiladelphia

Pittsburgh

Atlanta

M iam i

New
Orleans

Washington

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
191
131

-

35
49
26

_
-

_
-

_
3
11
16
25

_
-

_
-

_
-

60
32
24
-

_
3
152

233
18
43
2
2

------- ---------------------------- --------- -----—

_
-

_
-

39
20
59
20

_
5
-

_
27
2
-

_
5
15
1

_
-

260
1,071
135
32
79

_
-

_
_
_
219

$ 1 .0 5 ------- — — —
$ 1. 1 0 -----------------$ 1 . 15
$ 1. 20 -------—------- $ 1 .2 5

53
100
178
423
45

_
66
275
26
-

_

5
12
5
7

_
535
1
-

54

_

_
_
_
_
-

105
_
960
_
3

$ 1. 25 and under $ 1. 30
$ 1. 30 and under $ 1 .3 5 --------- — . . . .
$ 1 .3 5 and under $ 1. 40

18
4
-

13
-

17
142
4, 552
884
784

37
-

126
-

_
_

-

-

420
56
10
3

_
_

412
-

_
-

821

380

213

6,902

602

613

492

$ 1 . 14

$ 1 .1 3

$ 0 .8 6

$ 1.41

$ 1 .0 6

$ 1 .4 1

$ 0 .4 6

------- ------- —

$ 1. 60 and under $ 1.70
$ 1.70 and under $ 1. 80
$ 1 .80 and under $ 1 .9 0
T otal em p loy ees
A vera ge hou rly w ages 1 ___________

See footnote at end o f table.




-

-

_
20
-

_
_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_
_
-

8
_
-

_

_

-

-

_
_
-

_

_

-

-

_
_
_
_

1,740

408

1, 287

$ 0 .8 2

$ 0 .5 0

$ 1 .0 8

_

_

_

Table 9. Wage Distribution: Chambermaids— Continued
(D istribution o f ch am berm aids in hotels, tourist courts,and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hourly w a g e s ,1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
W est

North Central
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
C hicago

Cincinnati

Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
apolis

Kansas
City

M ilw au­
kee

Minne apolis—
St. P aul

$ 0 .4 0 and under $ 0 .4 5 ---------------—

$ 0. 55 and under $ 0 .6 0 ------------------$ 0. 60 and under $ 0. 65
$ 0 . 65 and under $ 0. 70 ------— ---------

$ 0 .8 5 and under $ 0 .9 0 ---- — ---------$ 0 .9 0 and under $ 0 .9 5
$ 1 .0 0 and under $ 1 .0 5 -----------------$ 1 .0 5 and under $ 1 .1 0 ------------------$ 1 .1 5 and under $ 1. 2 0 ---------------—
$ 1. 20 and under $ 1 . 2 5 ------------------$ 1. 25
$ 1. 30
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1.40
$ 1 .4 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 30
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1 . 4 0 -----------------$ 1. 4 5 ------------------$ 1. 5 0 ------------------

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

288
_
_
143

_
_
-

403
304
435
102
1,065

30
171
24
_
-

_

_
-

-

18
8

35

-

20
7
12
50
14

24
-

_
9
-

_
10
16
-

26
27
-

119
3
304
40
-

118
412
10
32
43

32
-

6
-

3
1
-

San
Portland F ra n cis corOakland

_

-

-

_

_
-

_
~

_

”
120
219

66
40
44

■

6

28
50
42
184

286
7
-

33
116
130
2
-

27
330
169
97

15
25
170

*
*

109
12
-

_
-

“

976
“

14
26
"

4
21
117
8

-

-

-

-

.
"

.
■

_
36
383
46

11
2
1

-

_
-

8
18

-

_
“

212
11
-

_

D enver

42
_

$ 0. 30 and under $0. 35
-

St. L ouis

L os
A n g e le s Long
Beach

-

_

_

.

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

881
12
-

Total e m p lo y e e s ______________

2, 740

227

481

645

214

524

263

425

674

431

1,599

256

1,043

A verage h ou rly w a g e s 1 --------------------

$ 1. 10

$ 1.08

$ 1 .0 9

$ 1 .0 8

$ 0 .7 0

$ 0 .8 8

$ 1 .2 6

$ 1 .2 1

$ 0 .9 4

$ 1.02

$ 1. 21

$ 1 .2 3

$ 1 .5 4

$ 1. 50 and under $ 1. 6 0 ------------------$ 1. 60 and under $ 1 .7 0 ------------------$ 1. 80 and under $ 1 .9 0

_

-

1 Wage data exclude tips and the value o f fr e e m e a ls, ro o m s, and un iform s, if any w ere p rov id ed , and p rem ium pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h o li­
d ays, and late shifts.




Table 10. Wage Distribution: Pantrywomen
(D istribution of pantrywomen in hotels, tourist co u rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hou rly w a g e s ,1 22 s e le cte d areas,2 June 1961)
South

N ortheast
A vera g e h ou rly w ages 1
Boston

B uffalo

New York
City

P hiladelphia

P ittsburgh

Atlanta

M iam i

New
Orleans

Washington

2
“

-

1
14

■

1
6
9
3
4

■

15
4
6
6
~

-

1
2
4
"

2
1
5

“

1
4
2
-

-

5
19
6
2

11
1
11
1

-

2
2

“

78
3
17

21
3
6

.
"

10
-

-

-

14
2
2

~

7
1
2
“

1
9
-

1
-

36
49
31
5
1

1
"

80
5
2
1
~

“

1
•

~

“

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

$ 0. 40 and under $ 0. 4 5 ___________
$ 0 .4 5 and under $0. 5 0 ___________

-

$0.
$0.
$ 0.
$0.
$0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0. 5 5 ------- — ---$0. 6 0 ----------------$0. 6 5 ----------------$ 0 . 7 0 ----------------$0. 75 —---------------

-

-

-

“

$ 0.
$0.
$0.
$ 0.
$ 0.

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0. 8 0 ___________
$0. 8 5 ___________
$0. 90 ___________
$ 0. 9 5 ___________
$ 1 . 0 0 ___________

_
-

_
“

-

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 0 5 ----------------$ 1 . 1 0 ----------- —
$ 1. 15 _ ------- —
$ 1 . 2 0 ___________
$ 1. 25 -----------------

_

12

4
8
18
4
4

$ 1. 25
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1. 3 0 ___________
$ 1 . 3 5 ----------------$ 1 . 4 0 ----------------$ 1 . 4 5 ___________
$ 1 .5 0 -----------------

22
25
1
10
5

$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1 .8 0
$ 1. 90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 6 0 ___________
$ 1 .7 0 ---------- —
$ 1 . 8 0 ----------------$ 1 . 9 0 ----------------$2. 0 0 -----------------

$2. 00 and under $2. 1 0 ___________
$ 2. 10 and under $2. 2 0 ______ -____

1

Total e m p lo y e e s ____________

85

69

122

43

119

33

24

53

108

A vera ge h ou rly w ages 1 ___________

$ 1. 36

$ 1. 21

$ 1. 66

$ 1 . 18

$ 1.40

$ 0 .6 8

$ 1 .2 9

$ 0 .5 8

$ 1. 16

See footnotes at end of table.




to

-4

Table 10. Wage Distribution: Pantry women— Continued
(D istribution of pantryw om en in h otels, tourist cou rts, and m otels by average straigh t-tim e hou rly w a g e s ,1 22 s e le cte d a r e a s ,2 June 1961)
W est

North Central
A vera ge h ou rly w ages 1
C hicago

Cincinnati Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
apolis

Kansas
City

M ilwau­
kee

M inne­
a polis—
St. Paul

St. Louis

Denver

L os
A n g e le s Long
B each

San
Portland F r a n c is c o Oakland

$0. 40 and under $0. 4 5 ____ _____
$ 0 .4 5 and under $0. 50 _
_____

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

$ 0.
$0.
$ 0.
$ 0.
$0.

50
55
60
65
70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$ 0.
$0.

5 5 ----------------6 0 ___________
6 5 ___________
7 0 ----------------7 5 ___________

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

7
11
2

4
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

75
80
85
90
95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$ 1.

8 0 ___________
8 5 ___________
9 0 ___________
9 5 ___________
0 0 -----------------

_
8
-

_
-

-

_
4
-

9
9
1
-

16
22

_
4
-

4

3

-

“

-

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 5
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 5
$ 1. 20

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 0 5 ___________
$ 1 . 1 0 ----------------$ 1 . 1 5 ----------------$ 1 . 2 0 ----------------$ 1 . 2 5 -----------------

_
12
9

2
17
9
23
14

30

2
-

2
3
1
1
1

3
1
2
2

1
8
2

11
51
2

7
12
7
5

-

-

$ 1. 25
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .3 5
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 5

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
under

$ 1. 3 0 ----------------$ 1. 3 5 ___________
$ 1 . 4 0 ___________
$ 1 . 4 5 ___________
$ 1 . 5 0 -----------------

22
90
4
3
-

7
2
-

5
3
-

5
7
2
3

_
-

3
-

9
8
3
2
1

23
18
7
2

5
1
1

7
3
2
2
-

-

4
2

$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .7 0
$ 1. 80
$ 1 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 . 6 0 ----------------$ 1 . 7 0 ___________
$ 1. 8 0 ----------------$ 1 . 9 0 ------------- _
$ 2 . 0 0 ___________

8
13
4
-

_
-

3
-

1
3
-

_
-

1
-

10
"

2
8
“

1
-

1
1
2
2

1
14
16

10
7
2
3
-

.
6

$2. 00 and under $2. 1 0 ----------------$2. 10 and under $2. 2 0 ___________

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
.

_

-

-

2
-

-

_

-

7

-

6
4

___________

173

52

76

55

41

54

45

77

75

52

38

28

16

A vera ge hou rly w ages 1 ----------------

$ 1. 32

$ 1. 18

$ 1. 17

$ 1. 26

$ 0 .7 5

$ 0 .9 8

$ 1 .2 8

$ 1 . 36

$ 1 . 17

Total em p loy ees

days,

.
- *
43
-

-

1

$ 1 .2 3

-

$ 1 .9 7

$ 1 .5 9

$ 2 .0 3

1 Wage data exclu d e tips and the value of fre e m e a ls, room s, and u n iform s, if any w ere p rov id ed , and prem ium pay f o r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h o liand late shifts.
2 Data fo r N ew ark and J e rs e y C ity did not m eet publication cr ite ria .




Table 11. Wages and Tips of Waiters and Waitresses
(D istribution o f w aiters and w a itresses by establishm ent average straigh t-tim e hourly w a g e s 1 and estim ated average hourly tips in h otels, tourist cou rts, and
m otels in m etropolitan areas with 750,000 o r m o re population, United States and re g io n s, June 1961)
Estim ated average hourly tips of—
E stablishm ent average
h ou rly w ages 1

Total

$0.0 1
and
under
$0. 25

$0. 25
and
under
$0. 50

$0. 50
and
under
$0. 75

$0. 75
and
under
$ 1 .0 0

$ 1 .0 0
and
under
$1. 25

E stim ated average hourly tips of—

$1. 25
Not
available

and

T otal

o ve r

$ 0.0 1
and
under
$0. 25

$0. 25
and
under
$0. 50

United States
Under $0. 30
$ 0. 30 and under $0. 40 — — $ 0. 40 and under $ 0. 50 -------

-

60
84
58

63
105
98

416
21

59
52
218

162
223

36
-

76

_
97
42
50
11

_
304
369
226
135

119
209
142
303
483

66
465
460
385
41

58
266
1, 155
1,539
2, 567

20
125
256
690
-

93
76
105
4
-

95
133
134
32
16

206
100
38
-

555
547
290
66
430

63
6
-

32

382

2, 122

8, 240

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0 . 60
$0. 70
$ 0. 80
$ 0 .9 0
$ 1 .0 0

------—— ——
——
-------

263
1,479
2,432
3, 193
3,237

_
13
8
-

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 30
$ 1.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .1 0
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 30
$ 1.40
$ 1. 50

-----—
——
——
——

1,012
862
652
102
446

_
-

$ 1. 50 and o v e r
T otal

- -

— ----------------- -----

476
15,809

_

_
21

_
.
85
-

_
487

_

62
1, 640

380
657
516

$ 0. 50
$ 0. 60
$ 0. 70
$ 0. 80
$ 0 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
tinder
under

$ 0. 60
$0. 70
$ 0. 80
$ 0. 90
$ 1 .0 0

------------—----——
——

199
817
1,077
89
3

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 . 20
$ 1. 30
$ 1.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .1 0
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 30
$ 1.40
$ 1. 50

—
——
——
------——

--------------------

3,763

60
84
40

>
-

58
-

_

T o t a l --------------------------

-

$ 1 .50 and o v e r

_
158
82

$1. 25
Not
available

and
over

2, 103

_
1,196

18

6

_
-

_
-

52

-

34
420
497
943
2,972

-

_
18
46
-

_
69
30
32
48

14
151
55
38
413

_
160
44
145
-

20
28
263
537
2,511

_
12
87
145
-

444
98
-

_

_

-

_
"

36
-

42
98
-

-

363
_
-

3
_
-

_

_

_
5, 484

-

82

_
221

_
811

_

_

_

_

349

3, 774

247

_
26

_
-

_
-

North Central

416
21
105
58
79

59
52
192

162
171

56
305
281
11
-

38
238
635
78
-

36
-

_
-

30
242
815
1,936
152

_
-

_
13
8

_
39
24
4
8

-

-

_

_

77
218
178
47

_
8
218
-

10
135
160
41

_

_
253
831
56

20
113
169
545
-

192
79

60
6

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

_

_

_

21

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

12
8
8

168

-

-

432
133
8

_

-

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

21

75

254

540

1,411

913

-

245

_

504

700

956

1, 322

-

36

3 ,774

_

_
-

-

_

-

_
26

21

See footnote at end o f table.




.

63
105
92

$ 1 .0 0
and
under
$1. 25

-

South
Under $0. 30 .............................
$0. 30 and under $0. 40 — —
$0. 40 and under $0. 50 —-----

$ 0 .7 5
and
under
$ 1 .0 0

N ortheast

380
657
618

$ 0 . 50
$ 0 . 60
$ 0 . 70
$ 0 .8 0
$ 0. 90

$0. 50
and
under
$ 0 .7 5

-

_

560

_

Table 11. Wages and Tips of Waiters and Waitresses— Continued
(D istribution o f w a iters and w a itresses by establishm ent average straigh t-tim e hourly w a g e s 1 and estim ated average hou rly tips in h otels, tou rist co u rts, and
m otels in m etropolitan areas with 750, 000 o r m o re population, United States and re g io n s, June 1961)
Estim ated average hourly tips o f —
E stablishm ent average
hou rly w ages 1

T otal

$0.01
and
under
$0. 25

$0. 25
and
under
$ 0 .5 0

$ 0 .7 5
and
under
$ 1 .0 0

$0. 50
and
under
$ 0 .7 5

$ 1 .0 0
and
under
_______$ 1 .2 5 _______

$1. 25
Not
available

and
o ve r

W est
Under $ 0 .3 0 ------------------------$0. 30 and under $0. 4 0 ------$0. 40 and under $0. 50 — —

_
-

-

-

_
-

_

-

*
*

-

_
39
16
40

_
47
70

_
_
69
-

57
36
105
-

20
125
28
32
16

38
100
38
-

$ 0 .5 0
$ 0. 60
$ 0 .7 0
$0. 80
$ 0 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 0 .6 0 _ _ _
$0. 70
$ 0 .8 0
—
$0. 90 ------$ 1 .0 0 —-----

_
43
225
110

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 30
$ 1.40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 .1 0
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 30
$ 1.40
$ 1. 50

115
729
546
98
446

-

476

_

-

62

2, 788

-

85

355

$ 1. 50 and o v e r
Total

——
------——
—

— ----------------

.
.

-

_
85
-

-

-

338

_
-

_
-

_
4
93
_
468
290
66
430

-

32

382

-

277

1, 733

-

1 Wage data exclude tips and the value of fre e m eals, room s, and u n iform s, if any w ere p rov id ed , and prem ium pay fo r ove rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts.




Table 12. Wages and Tips o f Bellmen
(D istribution of bellm en by establishm ent a vera ge straigh t-tim e hourly wages 1 and estim ated average hourly tips in hotels, tou rist cou rts,
and m otels in m etropolitan a rea s with 750, 000 or m o re population, United States and reg ion s, June 1961)
E stim ated average hourly tips of—
E stablishm ent a vera ge
h ou rly w ages 1

Total

$0. 01
and
under
$0. 25

$0. 25
and
under
$0. 50

$0. 50
and
under
$ 0 .7 5

$0. 75
and
tinder
$1. 00

$1. 00
and
tinder
$1. 25

E stim ated a vera ge hourly tips of—
$1. 25
Not
and
available
over

T otal

$0. 01
and
tinder
$0. 25

$0. 2b
and
under
$0. 50

$0. 50
and
under
$0. 75

United States
Under $0. 3 0 ------------------------$0. 30 and under $0. 40 — —
$0. 40 and under $0. 50 —— -

_
6
4

_
_

51
6
-

8
106
213

40
77
62

422
10
75

107
22
154

255
49
97

75

115
11
105
89
6

122
118
89
112
-

362
276
301
741
257

97
165
40
112
77

10
104
388
850
280

45
-

32
-

151
3
48

126
-

180
33
51

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$1.

6 0 -----—
7 0 -----—
80 — —
9 0 ------00 -----—

816
731
788
1, 115
471

6
46
75
20
-

58
35
78
28

56
80
100
41
103

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

1 0 ------2 0 ------3 0 -----—
4 0 ------50
—

564
108
111

114
8
-

55
97
51

41
12

-

$1. 25
Not
and
available
over

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

4

11
68
87
-

_
29
64
112
-

_
16
132
578
111

10
38
31
70
77

151
-

15

_
66

-

-

-

-

10
12
3
92

-

33
51

-

25
-

4
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

-

-

36

-

-

-

-

36

-

-

36

-

-

-

-

$ 1. 50 and o v e r ---------------------

67

_

51

T o t a l ----------------------------

6, 650

326

780

-

648

-

878

-

756

16

-

51

-

51

2, 556

706

1, 993

15

201

-

153

8
106
142

40
65
58

401
10
41

107
16
93

255
29
28

34
10

59

-

-

152
10

.

-

28
6
32

22

.

-

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

„

_

_

Under $0. 3 0 ------------------------$0. 30 and under $0. 4 0 ------$ 0. 40 and under $ 0. 5 0 -------

835
246
362

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$1.

6 0 ------7 0 ------8 0 ------9 0 ------0 0 -------

295
26
32

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

1 0 ------2 0 ------3 0 ------4 0 ------5 0 -------

24
6
-

_

14
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T o t a l --------------------------

1, 796

30

See footnote at end of the table.

-

300

-

229

215

-

988

-

230

-

474

-

275

-

474

21
23
278

_

_

.

-

-

3
3

-

71

393
503
130
96
5

6
16
24

24
25
12

-

-

-

-

28
53
26
10
5

148
11

114
8

7

_

21
-

-

26

50

37

48
54
6
-

27

-

28
2
“

20
57

71

163
228
25
42
-

87
127
9
42
-

-

-

14

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$1. 50 and over ---------------------

-

191
North Central

South




$1. 00
and
under
$1. 25

N ortheast
_
14

883
284
676

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

$0. 7b
and
tinder
$1. 00

“

-

-

-

-

-

1, 608

-

168

.

139

.

155

-

_

_

114

158

_
538

-

-

_
336

Table 12. Wages and Tips of Bellmen— Continued
(D istribution of b ellm en by establishm ent average straigh t-tim e hourly wages 1 and estim ated average hou rly tips in hotels, tou rist cou rts,
and m otels in m etropolitan areas with 750, 000 or m o re population, United States and region s, June 1961)
Estim ated average hourly tips of—
E stablishm ent a vera ge
hourly w ages 1

T otal

$0. 01
and
under
$0.25

$0. 2b
and
under
$0.50

$0. 50
and
under
$0.75

$0. 7b
and
under
$1.00

$1. 00
and
under
$1.25

$1. 25
and
over

Not
available

W est
Under $0. 3 0 ------------------------$0. 30 and under $0. 4 0 ------$0. 40 and under $0. 5 0 -------

27
9
32

27
-

_
-

9
1

_
8

_
11

_
12

_
-

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$0.
$0.
$0.
$0.
$1.

6 0 ------7 0 ---- —
8 0 ------9 0 ------0 0 -------

118
98
238
169
186

_
30
36
20

_
28

_
11
30
28
6

56
9
6

15
35
19
-

47
22
144
121
146

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

00
10
20
30
40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1. 1 0 ------$1. 2 0 ------$ 1 . 3 0 ------$1. 4 0 ------$1. 5 0 -------

236
64
60
-

_

14
12
-

20

28

_

-

-

"

48
64
-

-

-

48
-

126
-

$1. 50 and ov er --------------------

16

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

T o t a l ---------------------------

1, 253

113

140

Ill

99

108

556

126

-

-

-

-

Wage data exclude tips and the value of fre e m eals, room s, and un iform s, if any w ere provided, and prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends,, holidays,
and late shifts.




Table 13. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e rce n t o f non supervisory d a y-sh ift em ployees in hotels, tou rist co u rts, and m otels by scheduled w eekly h o u r s ,1 23 se le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
N ortheast
Scheduled w eekly hours 1
Boston

Buffalo

Newark
and
J e rs e y City

South

New Y ork
City

Philadelphia

Pittsburgh

Atlanta

M iam i

New
Orleans

Washington

N onsupervisory em p loyees except fron t desk and o ffic e
A ll em p loy ees ____. . . __ ______ . . _
Under 3 7.5 h o u r s ____________ __
37. 5 hours ______ _________ ________
O ver 37. 5 and under 40 h ou rs____
40 h o u r s _________ ________ __ __ _
O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s ______
44 hour s __ ___ ________________ __ ___
O ver 44 and under 48 h o u r s ___ __
48 h o u r s ____ _________ __________
O ver 48 hours _____________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

88
2
.
10

2
29
52
5
12
-

_
8
92
-

3
2
95
-

7
90
3
-

_
96
4
-

_
7
93
-

1
2
6
92
-

-

83
6
-

100
-

10
-

100

100

100

100

20
12
64
4

_
8
85
7

.
100
-

49
5
9
37
-

100

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

F ron t desk em ployees
A ll e m p lo y e e s _________ ____

__ _

Under 37. 5 h o u r s _____ __ ____ _
3 7.5 h o u r s __ ____ _ ____ _ _
O ver 37. 5 and under 40 h o u r s ____
40 h o u r s _________ _________________
O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s ______
44 h o u r s _____ ____________________
O ver 44 and under 48 h o u r s ______
48 hou rs ________ __ _____ __ _ _
O ver 48 h o u r s _____ _____________

100
-

75
4
_
21
-

100

100

100

100

9
25
20
8
10
27
-

.
8
92
-

4
11

15
1

-

-

78
3
4
-

69
5
10
-

100

_
98
2
-

.
-

O ffice em ployees
A ll e m p lo y e e s _____

_____ __ ____

Under 37. 5 h o u r s __________________
37. 5 hours _____ ___________ _ __
O ver 37. 5 and under 40 h o u r s ____
40 hou rs __,_____ _ _,
____________
O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s ______
44 hours ____ __ _________ _
O ver 44 and under 48 h o u r s ____ _
48 hours
. ___ ... . _________________
O ver 48 h o u r s _____________________

See footnotes at end o f table.




100
6
12
38
44
_
-

100

_
24
-

70
6

100
27
-

61
7
5

100
34
13
53
-

100
23
(2 )
77
-

100

100

100

_

_

2

-

-

-

96
4
-

12
2
26
17
43

7
29
6
56

_
-

46
54

-

7
87
2
2
2

Table 13. Scheduled Weekly Hours— Continued
(P e rc e n t o f n on su p ervisory d a y-sh ift em ployees in hotels, tou rist co u rts, and m otels by scheduled weekly h o u r s ,1 23 s e le cte d a re a s, June 1961)
North Central
Scheduled w eekly hours 1
C hicago

Cincinnati

Cleveland

D etroit

Indian­
apolis

W est

Kansas
City

Milwau kee

M inne­
apolis—
St. Paul

St. L ouis

Denver

L os
A n g e le s Long
B each

San
P ortland F ra n cisco —
Oakland

N onsup ervisory em p loyees except fron t desk and o ffic e
A ll e m p lo y e e s _____________________
Under 37. 5 h o u r s __ ______________
37. 5 hours
_________________ ____
O ver 37. 5 and under 40 h o u r s ____
40 hours ____ _______ ______ __ ___ _
O ver 40 and under 44 hou rs _ ____
44 h o u r s __„_______________________
O ver 44 and under 48 h o u r s ____ _
48 hou rs ____ ____________ ____ .
O ver 48 h o u r s __ ________ _______

100

(2 )
2
74
1
_
21
-

100
.
95
5
-

100

100

100

100

100

_
97
3
-

_
94
6
-

.
8
7
76
9

.
89
11
-

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
38
55
4
-

_
98
2

_
20
80
-

_
78
4
15
2
1

.
11
85
_
5
-

_
90
10
"

100

100

100

100

100

100

5
10
37
5
17
26
-

82
18
1
■

100

100

.
92
3
5
-

F ron t desk em ployees
---------

100

Under 3 7.5 h o u r s ____________ _ 37. 5 hours ------------------------ ----------O ver 3 7.5 and under 40 h o u r s ____
40 h o u r s __—___________ — __ ___
O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s ___ 44 h o u r s ____________________________
O ver 44 and under 48 h o u r s ______
48 h o u r s ____________ ____ __________
O ver 48 h o u r s __ __________________

5
5
_
48
-

A ll em p loy ees — —

-------

-

_
42
-

100

100

100

80

-

_
21
23

19
_
7

-

-

16
4

89
11
-

100

56
-

-

100
50

100
89

-

-

-

-

-

11
-

28
46
“

50
-

12
36
12
10
4
26

.
43
17
40
-

26
17
29
“

3
41
11
5
24
16
-

100

100

100

30
8
55
3
5

_
37
58
6

-

28
-

O ffice em ployees
A ll e m p lo y e e s _____________________
Under 37. 5 h o u r s __________________
37. 5 hours ----------------------------- —
O ver 37. 5 and under 40 h o u r s ____
40 hours
........... .
O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s ______
44 Vinnrs
_
O ver 44 and under 48 h o u r s _______
48 h o u r s ------------------------------------------O ver 48 h o u r s _______________ — -

100
6
34
54
_
2
5

100
17
_
_
78
_
5
-

100

100

31
_
10
14
40
4

_
-

96
4
-

-

3
7
68
22
-

100

100

5

100

_
82
16
2

-

68
23
5

1 Data rela te to the predom inant w ork schedule fo r fu ll-tim e em p loyees in each establishm ent.
2 L ess than 0 .5 p ercen t.
NOTE: B eca u se o f rounding,




sum s of individual item s may not equal 100.

100

_
21
52
27
-

11
23
3
46
6
(2 )
11
-

_
4
81
12
1
3

4
63
33
-

Appendix A:

Scope and Method of Survey

S cope o f Survey
The su rv e y in cluded y e a r -r o u n d h o te ls , se a so n a l h o te ls , and to u rist co u rts and
m o te ls (in d u stries 7011, 7012, and 7013, as defined in the 1957 edition o f the Standard Ind u stria l C la ssifica tio n M anual p re p a re d b y the U. S. B ureau o f the B udget).

The esta b lish m en ts studied w e re s e le c te d fr o m those em ployin g 20 o r m o r e w o r k e r s
at the tim e o f r e fe r e n c e o f the data u sed in co m p ilin g the u n iv e rse lis ts .
The num ber o f esta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s a ctu ally studied by the B ureau , as w e ll
as the num ber estim a ted to b e in the in du stry during the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, a re shown
in the follow in g table.
Estimated number of establishments and employees within scope of survey
and number studied, hotels and motels, June 1961
Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Area1

Northeast:
Boston — — — ~ —— --------—. . . . _
B u ffalo------------------------------------------Newark and Jersey C it y -------------------New York C ity --------------------------------Philadelphia-----------------------------------Pittsburgh--------------------------------------South;
Atlanta------------------------------------------Miami —----------— ----------. . . . . . -------New Orleans ----------------------------------Washington -------------------------------------North Central:
C h ica go-----------------------------------------Cincinnati--------------------------------------Cleveland --------------------------------------Detroit ------------------------------------------Indianapolis-----------------------------------Kansas C it y -----------------------------------Milwaukee -------------------------------------Minneapolis— P a u l----------------------St.
St. L o u is ---------------------------------------- :
West:
Denver — —
----------—
-------- —
-------— —
———
Los Angeles-Long Beach ---------------Portland-----------------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland--------------------

Studied

Nonsuper­
visory
employees
except
front desk
and office

Front
desk

Office

Total

Within
scope of
study

Studied

46
26
21
223
30
28

18
15
11
47
15
11

6,843
2,255
1,412
37,614
4,501
4,297

5,679
1,765
1,063
29r937
3,462
3,650

529
175
119
3,326
388
296

216
70
41
1,649
251
193

4,742
1,824
1,015
22,895
3,722
3,080

27
152
22
52

14
37
10
20

2, 204
13,125
3, 301
7,316

1,787
10,725
2,780
5,788

230
1,129
239
546

65
504
106
341

1,722
7,158
2,125
5,376

135
11
33
37
17
32
20
29
38

27
9
13
16
10
16
12
15
14

16,887
2, 273
3,119
3,835
1,692
3,103
1,739
3,774
3,915

12,683
1,770
2, 467
3,042
1,374
2,411
1,445
3,146
3,147

1,472
179
243
361
147
303
170
262
327

922
149
154
143
59
84
50
130
155

11,566
2,194
2,349
3,181
1,406
2,365
1,466
3,091
2,990

25
99
19
70

13
25
13
24

2,902
9,697
1,922
6,556

2,370
7,846
1,615
5,335

217
913
149
651

107
440
78
251

2,522
6,326
1,716
4,848

Total2

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the U.S. Bureau of the Budget, except the following: Chicago (Cook
County); Newark and Jersey City (Essex, Hudson, Morris, and Union Counties); New York City (the 5 boroughs); and Philadelphia
(Philadelphia and Delaware Counties, Pa., and Camden County, N.J.).
2 Includes executive, professional, and other employees excluded from the separate front desk, office, and other nonsupervisory employee categories.




35

36
M ethod o f Study
Data w e r e obtained by p e r s o n a l v is its o f B ureau fie ld e co n o m ists under the d ir e c tio n
o f the B u re a u ’ s A s sista n t R egion a l D ir e c to r s fo r W ages and Industrial R e la tio n s. The su rv e y
w as con d u cted on a sam p le b a s is . T o obtain a p p rop ria te a c c u r a c y at m inim u m c o s t, a g r e a te r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than o f sm a ll esta b lish m en ts w as studied. In com binin g the data, h o w e v e r ,
a ll esta b lish m en ts w e re given th eir a p p rop ria te w eight. A ll e stim a tes a re p r e se n te d , th e r e ­
fo r e , as relatin g to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the industry g rou p , excluding; only th ose b e lo w the
m inim u m s iz e at the tim e o f r e fe r e n c e o f the u n iv e rse data.
E sta b lish m en t D efin ition
An esta b lish m en t, fo r p u rp o se s o f this study, is d efined as a sin gle p h y sica l l o ­
cation w h ere h otel o r m o te l s e r v ic e s a re p e r fo r m e d .
An esta b lish m en t is not n e c e s s a r ily
id en tica l with the com p an y, w hich m ay c o n s is t o f one o r m o r e esta b lish m en ts.
E m p loy m en t
The estim a te s o f the num ber o f w o r k e r s within the s c o p e o f the study a re intended
as a g e n e ra l guide to the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y . The
advance planning n e c e s s a r y to m ake a w age su rv ey r e q u ir e s the u se o f lis ts o f esta b lish m en ts
a sse m b le d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied.
F ron t D esk,

O ffic e ,

and O ther N o n su p e rv iso ry E m p lo y e e s

The te rm "fr o n t desk e m p lo y e e s ," as u sed in this r e p o r t, in clu d es n o n s u p e rv is o ry
w o r k e r s in such c la s s ific a tio n s as r o o m c le r k s , m a il c le r k s , in fo rm a tio n c le r k s , r e s e r v a ­
tion c le r k s , c a s h ie r s , and sw itch b oa rd o p e r a to r s .
The te rm " o f fic e e m p lo y e e s , " as u sed in this r e p o r t, in clu d es n o n s u p e rv is o ry o f ­
fic e w o r k e r s , e x c lu s iv e o f th ose d e s c r ib e d above as "fr o n t desk e m p lo y e e s . "
The c la s s ific a tio n "n o n s u p e r v iso r y e m p lo y e e s , e x ce p t fron t d esk and o f f i c e ," in clu d es
a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s e x ce p t th ose d e s c r ib e d a b ov e, and in clu d es such o ccu p a tion s as
b a r te n d e r s , b e llm e n , c h a m b e rm a id s, w a ite r s , and w a itr e s s e s .
A d m in istra tiv e , e x e cu tiv e ,
p r o fe s s io n a l, and te ch n ica l e m p lo y e e s a r e exclu d ed fr o m a ll th ree c la s s ific a tio n s .
O ccu p ation s S e le cte d fo r Study
O ccu p a tion a l c la s s ific a tio n w as b a se d on a u n ifo rm se t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed
to take a ccou n t o f in ter esta b lish m en t and in te ra re a v a ria tio n s in duties within the sa m e jo b .
(See appendix B fo r th ese jo b d e s c r ip t io n s .) The o ccu p a tion s w e re ch osen fo r th eir n u m e r ic a l
im p o rta n ce , th e ir u se fu ln e ss in c o lle c tiv e b a rg a in in g , o r th eir r e p re se n ta tiv e n e ss o f the en tire
jo b s c a le in the in d u stry. W orking s u p e r v is o r s , a p p re n tice s, le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s, tr a in e e s ,
h andicapped, p a r t-t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s w e r e not r e p o rte d in the s e ­
le cte d occu p a tio n s , but w e re in cluded in the data fo r a ll n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s .
Wage Data
The w age in fo rm a tio n re la te s to a v e ra g e str a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s, exclu din g
p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts; a ls o e x clu ded a re tips and the value o f fr e e r o o m s a n d /o r m e a ls fo r e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv in g such p e r ­
q u is ite s , and a ll n onp rod u ction bonus p a ym en ts, such as C h ristm a s and y ea ren d b on u ses .
C o s t -o f-liv in g b o n u s e s , h o w e v e r, w e r e in cluded as p a rt o f the w o r k e r s ’ re g u la r pay. The
h ou rly earn in gs o f s a la r ie d w o r k e r s w e r e obtained b y dividing str a ig h t-tim e s a la ry b y n o rm a l
rath er than actu al h o u r s .6
W eekly H ou rs
Data r e fe r to the predom in an t w ork sch ed u les fo r fu ll-tim e n o n s u p e rv is o ry e m p lo y e e s
ex cep t fron t desk and o ffic e , fo r fro n t d esk e m p lo y e e s , and fo r o ffic e e m p lo y e e s , r e g a r d le s s
o f se x .
6 A v e r a g e h ou rly ra tes o r earn in gs fo r each occu p a tio n w e r e obtained by w eighting
each rate (o r h ou rly ea rn in gs) by the num ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g the ra te .




Appendix B:

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip ­
tion s fo r the B u r e a u s wage su rv ey s is to a s s is t its fie ld
sta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p rop ria te occu p a tion s w o r k e r s
who a re em p loyed under a v a rie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and
d iffe re n t w ork a rra n g em en ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to e sta b ­
lish m en t and fr o m a re a to a r e a .
T his is e s s e n tia l in
o r d e r to p e rm it the grouping o f o ccu p a tion a l w age ra te s
re p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b content. B eca u se o f this e m ­
p h a sis on in teresta b lish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a ra b ility
o f o ccu p a tion a l content, the B u r e a u s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m ay
d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m those in use in individual e sta b ­
lish m e n ts o r those p re p a red fo r oth er p u r p o se s. In ap p ly ­
ing these jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the Bureau*s fie ld e c o n o m is ts
a r e in stru cte d to exclu d e w ork ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p ren ­
t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e rs, tra in e e s, handicapped, p a r ttim e , te m p o ra ry , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

B A R TE N D E R
M ix e s and s e r v e s a lc o h o lic d rin k s, p ro p o rtio n in g in g re d ie n ts a c c o r d in g to fo rm u la s.
M ay c o lle c t m on ey due fo r d rin k s.
O rd e rs su p p lies.
R e p la ce s em pty b e e r k eg s with fu ll
o n e s. W ashes g la s s e s , b a r, and equipm ent. A r r a n g e s bottled g ood s and g la s s e s about bar
to m ake attra ctiv e d isp la y .
F o r p u rp o s e s o f this study, b a rte n d e rs a re c la s s ifie d a c c o r d in g to w hether they a re
p r im a r ily p rep a rin g drin k s fo r w a ite rs (o r w a itr e s s e s ) to se rv e in g u e stro o m s o r v a riou s
dining r o o m s (s e r v ic e b a r s ) o r to be se rv e d to the g e n e ra l p u b lic.
B a rte n d e rs (public b a r s )
B a rte n d e rs (s e r v ic e b a r s )
BELLM AN
E s c o r t s g u ests to r o o m s , c a r r y in g th eir hand ba gga ge. Sw itches on lig h ts and in ­
sp e cts r o o m to in su re that everyth in g is in o r d e r . P e r fo r m s p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s fo r g u ests,
such as running e rra n d s , d e liv e rin g p a ck a g e s, and supplying in fo rm a tio n about h otel s e r v ic e s .
M ay a s s is t departing gu ests with baggage. N o tifie s b e ll captain o f unusual o c c u r r e n c e s about
h otel.
P e r fo r m s oth er d u ties, such as paging g u ests, r e lie v in g e le v a to r o p e r a to r s , and
keep in g lobby tidy. (F o r p u rp o s e s o f this study, head b e llm e n and b e ll captains a re e x c lu d e d .)
CHAM BERM AID
(R oom m a id )
P e r fo r m s routine du ties, clea n in g and se r v ic in g o f guests* r o o m s under c lo s e
p e r v is io n o f h o u se k e e p e r.
M ay a ls o cle a n baths.
C LE A N E R ,

su­

L O B BY

P e r fo r m s h eavy clean ing op e ra tio n s in h o te l lo b b ie s , h a lls , and p u b lic b ath s. Duties
in clude w axing and m opping f l o o r s , op era tin g h ea vy-d u ty vacuum s w e e p e r s , and clean ing w a lls
and oth er a re a s w hich r e q u ire the u se o f la d d e r s.




37

38
CLERK,

ROOM

R e g is te r s and a s s ig n s r o o m s to
A rr a n g e s tra n s fe r o f r e g is te r e d gu ests to
frequ en tly a ssig n e d such additional duties
fu rn ish in g in fo rm a tio n , distrib u tin g m a il

in com in g gu ests and ch e ck s out d epartin g g u e sts.
oth er r o o m s . A m on g sm a lle r h o te ls, w o r k e r s a re
as m aintaining r o o m r e c o r d s including r e s e r v a tio n s ,
and te le g r a m s , and re c e iv in g paym ent fo r r o o m s .

DINNER OR SECOND COOK
A c ts as a ssista n t to e x ecu tiv e c h e f, p e r fo r m in g the la t te r 's duties in his a b se n c e .
Has g en era l s u p e rv isio n o v e r kitchen a c tiv itie s , d ir e c t s the w ork o f c o o k s a ssign ed to s p e c i­
fic station s such a s r o a s t c o o k s , vegetable c o o k s , e tc .
DISHWASHER
W ashes d is h e s , g la s s w a re , p o ts, and pans by hand o r m a ch in e. M ay in addition a s s is t
with sim p le tasks such a s clea n in g and p rep a rin g v eg eta b les and handling su p p lies.
ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

PASSENGER

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s betw een flo o r s o f an o ffic e building, apartm en t h ou se, d e p a rt­
m ent s to r e , h otel, o r s im ila r esta b lish m en t. W o rk e rs who operate e le v a to r s in con ju n ction
with oth er duties such a s those o f s ta r te r s and ja n ito r s a re exclu d ed .
HOUSEMAN
M o v e s and a r r a n g e s fu rn itu re; p re p a r e s r o o m s fo r ren o v a tio n s; sets up sam ple
r o o m s , m eetin g r o o m s , and banquet r o o m s ; obtains addition al fu rn itu re and fu rn ish in gs fro m
stora g e in re s p o n s e to re q u e sts o f gu ests m ade through h ou sek eep er o r oth er s u p e r v is o r .
PA N TR Y M A N
(Pant ryw om an )
P r e p a r e s one o r m o re food o r b e v e ra g e ite m s , such as
a n d /or san d w ich es, and s e r v e s them to w a ite rs a s req u ested .

sa la d s,

fru it c o c k ta ils ,

W A ITE R (OR W AITRESS)

S e rv e s fo o d a n d /or b e v e r a g e s to p a tron s; in addition , usually takes o r d e r fr o m p a ­
tron and m ak es out c h e ck . M ay set table (o r c o u n te r) with c le a n lin en and s ilv e rw a re and
take paym ent fr o m p a tron . Only re g u la r w a ite rs (w a itr e s s e s ) a re to be in clu d ed ; and e x tr a ­
m e a l w a ite r s , banquet w a ite r s , ca p ta in s, and head w a ite rs a re ex clu d ed .

F o r wage study p u r p o s e s , w a ite rs and w a itr e s s e s a re c la s s ifie d a c c o r d in g to th eir
pred om in an t p la ce o f s e r v ic e , as fo llo w s:
C oun ter w a ite rs
T a b le w a ite r s




INDUSTRY W E STUDIES
AG
The following reports cover part of the Bureau’ s program of industry wage surveys. These reports cover the period 1950
to date and may be obtained free upon request as long as a supply is available. However, those for which a price is shown are
available only from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or any of its regional
sales offices.

I. Occupational W Studies
age
Manufacturing
Paper and A llied Products:

Men’ s Dress Shirts and Nightwear, 1950 Series 2, No. 80
Men’ s and Boys' Dress Shirts and Nightwear, 1954 —
BLS Report No. 74
* Men's and Boys' Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and
Nightwear, 1956 - BLS Report No. 116
Men's and Boys' Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and
Nightwear, 1961 - BLS Bull. No. 1323 (40 cents)
Men's and Boys' Suits and Coats, 1958 —
BLS Report No. 140
Women's and Misses' Coats and Suits, 1957 —
BLS Report No. 122
Women's and Misses’ Dresses, I960 —
BLS Report No. 193
Work Clothing, 1953 - BLS Report No. 51
Work Clothing, 1961 - BLS Bull. No. 1321 (35 cents)
* WorkShirts, 1955 and 1956 - BLS Report No. 115
* Work Shirts, 1957 - BLS Report No. 124
C hem icals and Petroleum:

Fertilizer, 1949-50 - Series 2, No. 77
* Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1955 and i956 — BLS Report No. I l l
* Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1957 — BLS Report No. 132
Industrial Chemicals, 1951 - Series 2, No. 87
Industrial Chemicals, 1955 — BLS Report No. 103
Paints and Varnishes, 1961 — BLS Bull. No. 1318 (30 cents)
Petroleum Production and Refining, 1951 —
Series 2, No. 83
Petroleum Refining, 1959 - BLS Report No. 158
Synthetic Fibers, 1958 — BLS Report No. 143
Food:

*

Candy and Other Confectionery Products, I960 —
BLS Report No. 195
Canning and Freezing, 1955 and 1956 - BLS Report No. 117
Canning and Freezing, 1957 - BLS Report No. 136
Distilled Liquors, 1952 — Series 2, No. 88
Fluid Milk Industry, I960 - BLS Report No. 174
* Raw Sugar, 1955 and 1956 - BLS Report No. 117
* Raw Sugar, 1957 - BLS Report No. 136

*

Leather:

Footwear, 1953 — BLS Report No. 46
* Footwear, 1955 and 1956 - BLS Report No. 115
Footwear, 1957 - BLS Report No. 133
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1954 —
BLS Report No. 80
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1959 —
BLS Report No. 150
Lumber and Furniture:

*
*

*
*

Household Furniture, 1954 — BLS Report No. 76
Lumber in the South, 1949 and 1950 — Series 2, No. 76
Southern Lumber Industry, 1953 - BLS Report No. 45
Southern Sawmills, 1955 and 1956 — BLS Report No. 113
Southern Sawmills, 1957 — BLS Report No. 130
West Coast Sawmilling, 1952 - BLS Report No. 7
West Coast Sawmilling, 1959 — BLS Report No. 156
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1959 BLS Report No. 152
Wooden Containers, 1955 and 1956 — BLS Report No. 115
Wooden Containers, 1957 — BLS Report No. 126
* Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage,




Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard, 1952 — Series 2, No. 91
Primary M etals, Fabricated M etal Products and Machinery:

Basic Iron and Steel, 1951 — Series 2, No. 81
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1957 — BLS Report No. 123
Gray Iron Foundries, 1959 — BLS Report No. 151
Nonferrous Foundries, 1951 — Series 2, No. 82
Nonferrous Foundries, I960 — BLS Report No. 180
Machinery Industries, 1953*54 — BLS Bull. No. 1160 (40 cents)
Machinery Industries, 1954-55 — BLS Report No. 93
Machinery Manufacturing, 1955*56 — BLS Report No. 107
Machinery Manufacturing, 1957-58 - BLS Report No. 139
Machinery Manufacturing, 1958-59 — BLS Report No. 147
Machinery Manufacturing, 1959*60 — BLS Report No. 170
Machinery Manufacturing, 1961 — BLS Bull. No. 1309 ( 30 cents)
Radio, Television, and Related Products, 1951 —
Series 2, No. 84
Steel Foundries, 1951 - Series 2, No. 85
Rubber and P la s tic s Products:

Miscellaneous Plastics Products, I960 — BLS Report No. 168
Stone, C lay, and G la s s :

Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, I960 —
BLS Report No. .177
Structural Clay Products, 1954 — BLS Report No. 77
Structural Clay Products, I960 — BLS Report No. 172
Textiles:
Cotton Textiles, 1954 - BLS Report No. 82
Cotton Textiles, I960 - BLS Report No. 184
Cotton and Synthetic Textiles, 1952 - Series 2, No. 89
Hosiery, 1952 - BLS Report No. 34
Miscellaneous Textiles, 1953 - BLS Report No. 56
* Processed Waste, 1955 and 1956 — BLS Report No. 115
* Processed Waste, 1957 — BLS Report No. 124
&Seamless Hosiery, 1955 and 1956 — BLS Report No. 112
* Seamless Hosiery, 1957 — BLS Report No. 129
Synthetic Textiles, 1954 — BLS Report No. 87
Synthetic Textiles, I960 — BLS Report No. 192
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1956 - BLS Report No. 110
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1961 — BLS Bull. No. 1311 (35 cents)
Woolen and Worsted Textiles, 1952 — Series 2, No. 90
Wool Textiles, 1957 - BLS Report No. 134
Tobacco:
Cigar Manufacturing, 1955 — BLS Report No. 97
* Cigar Manufacturing, 1956 — BLS Report No. 117
Cigar Manufacturing, 1961 — BLS Bull. No. 1317 (30 cents)
Cigarette Manufacturing, I960 — BLS Report No. 167
* Tobacco Stemming and Redrying, 1955 and 1956 —
BLS Report No. 117
* Tobacco Stemming and Redrying, 1957 — BLS Report No. 136
Transportation:
Motor Vehicles and Parts, 1950 - BLS Bull. No. 1015 (20 cents)
Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Parts, 1957 —
BLS Report No. 128
Railroad Cars, 1952 - Series 2, No. 86

I. Occupational W Studies—Continued
age
Nonmanufacturing

Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1958 — 8LS Report No. 141
Banking Industry, I960 - BLS Report No. 179
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, I960 BLS Report No. 181
Department and Women's Ready-to-Wear Stores, 1950 —
Series 2, No. 78

Electric and Gas Utilities, 1950 — Series 2, No. 79
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1952 - BLS Report No. 12
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1957 — BLS Report No. 135
Hotels, I960 - BLS Report No. 173
Power Laundries and Dry Cleaners, I960 —
BLS Report No. 178

II. Other Industry W Studies
age

Communications Workers, Earnings in October 1956 — BLS Report No. 121
Communications Workers, Earnings in October 1957 — BLS Report No. 138
Communications Workers, Earnings in October 1958 — BLS Report No. 149
Communications Workers, Earnings in October 1959 — BLS Report No. 171
Communications, October I960 — BLS Bull. No. 1306 (20 cents)
Factory Workers’ Earnings — Distributions by Straight-Time Hourly Earnings, 1954 — BLS Bull. No. 1179 (25 cents)
Factory Workers* Earnings - 5 Industry Groups, 1956 - BLS Report No. 118
Factory Workers* Earnings — Distribution by Straight-Time Hourly Earnings, 1958 — BLS Bull. No. 1252 (40 cents)
Factory Workers* Earnings — Selected Manufacturing Industries, 1959 — BLS Bull. No. 1275 (35 cents)
Wages in Nonmetropolitan Areas, South and North Central Regions, October I960 — BLS Report No. 190

Retail Trade, Employee Earnings in October 1956:
Initial Report — BLS Report No. 119 (30 cents)
Building Materials and Farm Equipment Dealers - BLS Bull. No. 1220-1 (20 cents)
General Merchandise Stores — BLS Bull. No. 1220-2 (35 cents)
Food Stores - BLS Bull. No. 1220-3 (30 cents)
Automotive Dealers and Gasoline Service Stations — BLS Bull. No. 1220-4 (35 cents)
Apparel and Accessories Stores — BLS Bull. No. 1220-5 (45 cents)
Furniture, Home Furnishings, and Appliance Stores — BLS Bull. No. 1220-6 (35 cents)
Drug Stores and Proprietary Stores — BLS Bull. No. 1220-7 (15 cents)
Summary Report — BLS Bull. No. 1220 (55 cents)

Regional Offices
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
1371 Peachtree Street, NE.
Atlanta 9, Ga.




U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New York 1, N.Y.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
105 West Adams Street
Chicago 3, 111.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
630 Sansome Street
San Francisco 11, Calif.
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 0 — 640897