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Industry Wage Survey:
Contract Construction
September 1973
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
1976
Bulletin 1911




Industry Wage Survey:
Contract Construction
September 1973
U.S. Department of Labor
W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
1976

Bulletin 19 11

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Stock number 029-001-01915-7
Catalog number L 2.3:1911




Preface
This bulletin summarizes the results of a September 1973 Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of
wages and related benefits in the construction industries in 17 areas. It is the Bureau’s second
occupational wage survey in recent years of both union and nonunion contractors engaged in
residential and commercial building construction, and in highway, street, and other heavy
construction. The first survey (presented in BLS Bulletin 1853) was conducted in 21 areas in
September 1972.
The 1973 study was designed to present data for selected metropolitan areas of 1 million
inhabitants or more (1970 Census of Population), and national estimates for all such large
metropolitan areas combined, excluding Houston. This bulletin contains information for the 17
individual areas. A subsequent report, which will provide national estimates for large metropolitan
areas combined, is planned for late 1976.
Separate releases on the 1973 survey were issued earlier for the following areas: Atlanta,
Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Miami,
Nassau-Suffolk, Newark, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco-Oakland, Seattle-Everett, and
Washington. Copies are available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212, or
any of its regional offices.
This study was conducted in the Bureau’s Office of Wages and Industrial Relations. James N.
Houff of the Division of Occupational Wage Structures prepared the analysis. Field work for the
survey was directed by the Bureau’s Assistant Regional Commissioners for Operations.
Other reports available from the Bureau’s program of industry wage studies, as well as the
addresses of the Bureau’s regional offices, are listed at the end of this bulletin.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission
of the Federal Government. Please credit the Bureau of Labor Statistics and cite the name and
number of the publication.




iii

Contents
Page

Summary ...............................................................................................................................................................................................1
Industry ch aracteristics........................................................................................................................................................................1
Employment and establishment size ...................................................................................................................................... 2
Unionization ..............................................................................................................................................................................3
Occupational composition .......................................................................................................................................................4
Occupational earn in g s.......................................................................................................................................................................... 4
Union-nonunion d iffe re n tia ls................................................................................................................................................... 5
Commercial-residential differentials......................................................................................................................................... 5
Construction-maintenance trade differentials.........................................................................................................................6
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions ........................................................................................................ 7
Overtime premium pay provisions ......................................................................................................................................... 7
Employer contributions to specified union f u n d s .................................................................................................................. 7
Insurance and pension f u n d s ......................................................................................................................................... 9
Vacation and holiday f u n d s ............................................................................................................................................ 9
Combination and other benefit f u n d s ............................................................................................................................9
Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds ................................................................................................10
Paid h o lid a y s ..................................................................................................................................................................10
Paid v acatio n s..................................................................................................................................................................10
Health, insurance, and retirement p la n s .......................................................................................................................11
Text tables:
1. Distribution of nonsupervisory construction workers by industry branch, 17 areas, September 1973 ............. 2
2. Average number of workers by size o f firm and industry branch, September 1973 .............................................. 3
3. Percent of nonsupervisory construction workers in firms operating under labor-management agreements,
September 1973 ......................................................................................................................................................... 4
4. Workers and average hourly earnings by union status and type of construction, selected occupations and
areas, September 1973 ............................................................................................................................................... 6
5. Average hourly earnings for selected construction crafts as percent of maintenance worker pay, 7 areas,
August-December 1973
6
6. Percent of workers covered by provisions for weekday work outside of regularly scheduled hours, selected
occupations in the New York area, September 1973 .............................................................................................. 7
7. Average union wage rates and employer contributions to specified union funds, selected occupations and
areas, September 1973 ................................................................................................................................................8
8. Distribution of areas by size of average employer contributions to union insurance and pension funds, selected
occupations, September 1973 .................................................................................................................................. 9
9. Distribution of areas by size of average employer contributions to union vacation funds, selected occupations,
September 1973 ..................................................................................................................................................... 10
10. Percent of workers covered by insurance and retirement plans not provided by union funds, selected
occupations and areas, September 1973 ............................................................................................................. 11
Reference tables:
Occupational averages:
1. Union and nonunion com bined..........................................................................................................................12
2. U n io n .....................................................................................................................................................................18
3. N o n u n io n ..............................................................................................................................................................23




iv

Contents—conti nued
Page

Occupational earnings:
Atlanta, Ga.:
4. Union and nonunion com bined......................................................................................................................... 27
5. U n io n ................................................................................................................................................................... 29
6. N o n union............................................................................................................................................................. 31
Baltimore, Md:
7. Union and nonunion com bined......................................................................................................................... 33
8. U n io n ................................................................................................................................................................... 35
9. N o n union............................................................................................................................................................. 36
Boston, Mass.:
10. Union and nonunion com bined.......................................................................................................................38
11. U n io n ................................................................................................................................................................... 40
12. N o n union.............................................................................................................................................................42
Chicago, 111.:
13. Union and nonunion com bined.......................................................................................................................43
14. U n io n ....................................................................................................................................................................46
15. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................. 49
Cleveland, Ohio:
16. Union and nonunion com bined..................................................................
50
17. U n io n ....................................................................................................................................................................52
18. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................. 54
Dallas, Tex.:
19. Union and nonunion com bined.......................................................................................................................... 55
20. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................... 57
21. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................. 59
Denver, Colo.:
22. Union and nonunion com bined.......................................................................................................................... 61
23. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................... 63
24. N o n u n io n ..............................................................................................................................................................65
Detroit, Mich.:
25. Union and nonunion com bined...........................................................................................................................66
26. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................... 68
27. N o n union..............................................................................................................................................................70
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.:
28. Union and nonunion com bined...........................................................................................................................71
29. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................... 74
30. N o n u n io n ..............................................................................................................................................................76
Miami, Fla.:
31. Union and nonunion com bined...........................................................................................................................77
32. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................... 79
33. N o n u n io n ..............................................................................................................................................................81
Nassau—
Suffolk, N.Y.:
34. Union and nonunion com bined...........................................................................................................................83
35. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................... 85
36. N o n u n io n ..............................................................................................................................................................87
Newark, N.J.:
37. Union and nonunion co m b in ed .......................................................................................................................... 88
38. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................... 90
39. N o n u n io n ....................‘ ....................................................................................................................................92
New York, N.Y.:
40. Union and nonunion com bined.......................................................................................................................... 93
41. U n io n ....................................................................................................................................................................95
42. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................. 97




v

Contents—conti nu ed
Page

Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J.:
43. Union and nonunion com bined.................................................................................................................... 98
44. U n io n ...................................................................................................................................................................100
45. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................ 102
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif.:
46. Union and nonunion com bined....................................................................................................................104
Seattle-Everett, Wash.:
47. Union and nonunion com bined........................................................................................................................106
48. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 108
Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va.:
49. Union and nonunion com bined........................................................................................................................110
50. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 112
51. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................114
Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule:
Atlanta, Ga.:
52. Union and nonunion separately ................................................................................................................ 116
Baltimore, Md.:
53. U n io n ..............................................................
118
54. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................119
Boston, Mass.:
55. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 120
56. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................121
Chicago, 111.:
57. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 122
58. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................124
Cleveland, Ohio:
59. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 125
60. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................126
Dallas, Tex.:
61. Union and nonunion separately .................................................................................................................... 127
Denver, Colo.:
62. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 129
63. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................131
Detroit, Mich.:
64. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 132
65. N o n u n io n ............................................................................... •...................................................................... 133
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.:
66. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 134
67. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................136
Miami, Fla.:
68. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 137
69. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................138
Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y.:
70. U n io n ..................................................................................................................................................................139
71. N o n u n io n ........................................................................................................................................................... 140
Newark, N.J.:
72. U n io n ..................................................................................................................................................................141
73. N o n u n io n ...............................................................................................
142
New York, N.Y.:
74. U n io n ................................................................................................................................
143
75. N o n u n io n ........................................................................................................................................................... 144
Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J.:
76. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 145
77. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................146



vi

Contents—continued
Page

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif.:
78. U n io n ................................................................................................................................................................. 147
Seattle-Everett, Wash.:
79. Union and nonunion separately ................................................................................................................... 149
Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va.:
80. U n io n ..................................................................................................................................................................150
81. N o n u n io n ........................................................................................................................................................... 151
Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime:
Atlanta, Ga.:
82. U n io n ..................................................................................................................................................................153
83. N o n u n io n ........................................................................................................................................................... 153
Baltimore, Md.:
84. U n io n ..................................................................................................................................................................154
85. N o n u n io n ........................................................................................................................................................... 154
Boston, Mass.:
86. U n io n ..................................................................................................................................................................155
87. N o nunion........................................................................................................................................................... 155
Chicago, 111.:
88. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 156
89. N o n u n io n ........................................................................................................................................................... 157
Cleveland, Ohio:
90. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 157
91. N o n u n io n ........................................................................................................................................................... 158
Dallas, Tex.:
92. Union and nonunion separately ................................................................................................................ 159
Denver, Colo.:
93. Union and nonunion separately ................................................................................................................ 161
Detroit, Mich:
94. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 163
95. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................164
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.:
96. Union and nonunion separately ................................................................................................................ 165
Miami, Fla.:
97. Union and nonunion separately ................................................................................................................ 167
Nassau—
Suffolk, N.Y.:
98. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 168
99. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................169
Newark, N.J.:
100. U n io n .................................................................................................................................................................. 170
101. N o n u n io n ............................................................................................................................................................171
New York, N.Y.:
102. U n io n ..................................................................................................................................................................172
103. N o n u n io n ........................................................................................................................................................... 173
Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J.:
104. Union and nonunion separately ................................................................................................................ 174
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif.:
105. U n io n ..................................................................................................................................................................176
Seattle-Everett, Wash.:
106. Union and nonunion separately ................................................................................................................ 178
Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va.:
107. Union and nonunion separately .............................
179
Employer contributions to specified union funds:
108. Atlanta, Ga........................................................................................................................................................... 182
109. Baltimore, Md...................................................................................................................................................... 183



vii

Contents—conti nu ed
Page

110. Boston, Mass.........................................................................................................................................................184
111. Chicago, 111............................................................................................................................................................186
112. Cleveland, O h io ..................................................................................................................................................188
113. Dallas, Tex............................................................................................................................................................190
114. Denver, Colo.........................................................................................................................................................191
115. Detroit, Mich........................................................................................................................................................193
116. Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.......................................................................................................................... 195
117. Miami, Fla.............................................................................................................................................................197
118. Nassau—
Suffolk, N.Y.......................................................................................................................................... 199
119. Newark, N.J......................................................................................................................................................... 200
120. New York, N.Y....................................................................................................................................................201
121. Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J........................................................................................................................................... 204
122. San Francisco-0akland,Calif.............................................................................................................................. 206
123. Seattle-Everett, Wash.......................................................................................................................................... 209
124. Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va...................................................................................................................................210
Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds:
125. Selected a r e a s .................................................................................................................................................... 212
Appendixes:
A.
Scope and method of survey ....................................................................................................................................228
B.
Occupational descriptions ...................
231




Contract Construction, September 1973
Summary

double-time pay for weekend work, for example, applied to
union workers in a majority of the occupations reported;
time and one-half was the most prevalent premium pay
provision for nonunion workers. Premium pay provisions
for other overtime situations—
such as weekday work
outside of regularly scheduled hours and weekly hours in
excess of those regularly scheduled—
usually followed a
similar pattern of more liberal pay for union workers than
for nonunion workers.
Employer contributions to specified union funds were
by far the predominant method of providing construction
workers with benefits in nearly all areas. Payments con­
tributed to these union funds varied widely, with average
employer contributions ranging from a high of $4.03 per
hour for bricklayers and their apprentices in New York, and
bricklayers in Nassau-Suffolk, to a low of 6 cents for
cement masons’ apprentices in Cleveland. The all-benefit
fund average was usually in the $l-$2 range for a majority
of the occupations. Contributions to separate pension funds
averaged from 6 cents to $2.93, and to separate insurance
funds from 15 cents to $1.19. Separate vacation funds were
less prevalent, covering a majority of the occupations
reported in only seven of the areas studied, and separate
holiday funds applied to two survey occupations or more in
only three areas.
“Other” fund contributions not studied separately, such
as those for dental care, apprenticeship training, and
industry advancement, were provided in almost all union
situations. These payments typically averaged 25 cents or
less in all areas studied.
Employee benefits also were available to nonunion
workers in most occupations covered by the survey. In
those cases where holiday and vacation provisions were
reported fot these workers, 5 or 6 holidays a year and 1
week’s paid vacation after 1 year of service were the most
common. The incidence of health and insurance plans was
usually equal to or higher than that for holiday/vacation
benefits—
both commonly covering a majority of the areas’
nonunion workers in the jobs studied. Retirement plan
provisions, in contrast, applied to fewer occupations and
smaller proportions of workers than other benefits.

Average straight-time hourly earnings of union and
nonunion construction carpenters ranged from $6.19 an
hour in Dallas to $9.56 in Cleveland, based on a September
1973 study in 17 metropolitan areas.1 The range for
construction laborers was from $3.41 in Dallas to $7.39 in
Cleveland. Carpenters and laborers were numerically the
largest skilled and unskilled job classifications in the
Bureau’s study of 28 occupations.2 Differences in job
averages among areas were caused by a number of factors,
including variations in the extent of unionization and the
geneial level of wages in individual localities.
Construction workers whose rates were set by labormanagement agreements usually enjoyed substantial, althouj^h widely varying, wage advantages over their non­
union counterparts. Typical union-to-nonunion wage differ­
entials within the areas studied were: 35 to 55 percent for
carpenters; 40 to 60 percent for cement masons and
plumbers; 45 to 60 percent for electricians; and 45 to 70
percent for construction laborers.
Primarily because of their high degree of unionization,
construction workers on commercial building projects
typically received higher wages than those on residential
sites, where nonunion rates commonly prevailed. When
only union or nonunion wage rates were compared, the
average differential between commercial and residential was
much less pronounced.
Overtime premium pay provisions also were largely
dependent on union status. In virtually all 17 areas studied,

*This survey, based on a representative sample of construction
firms in selected metropolitan areas, is designed to measure pay
levels and pay relationships by occupation at a particular time.
These estimates reflect not only the movement of wages since the
earliei survey period (September 1972), but also changes between
studies in the universe (and sample) of union and nonunion firms
and shifts in employment among firms with different pay levels.
Such shifts, for example, could lower an occupational average even
though most firms increased wages between the periods being
compared. For trends in average union wage rates of building
construction trades, see Union Wages and Hours: Building Trades,
July i, 1975, Bulletin 1907 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1976). This
annual study covers 33 construction trades in cities that have
100,000 inhabitants or more. In addition, the Bureau’s quarterly
survey of 7 major construction trades provides quarterly and annual
Industry characteristics
trend estimates.
2
See appendix B for occupations studied. Nine apprentice
The Bureau’s survey was limited to contract construc­
classifications were added in the 1973 survey. For a full description
tion firms (industries 15, 16, and part of 17) and operative
o f the scope and method of the survey, see appendix A.




1

builders (those building for sale on their own accountindustry 656) employing eight workers or more.3 Special
trades contractors (those primarily engaged in one type of
construction activity, such as electrical work or carpentry)
employed half of the nonsupervisory construction workers
covered by the survey; general building contractors ac­
counted for slightly over one-fourth; heavy construction
contractors, for about one-fifth of the workers; and
operative builders, for only 2 percent of the total. (See text
table 1.)
The Bureau’s surveys of construction labor requirements
illustrate the expanding role of special trades contractors.
In private housing construction, for example, the special
trades contractors’ share of total onsite employee-hours
increased substantially, from 54 percent in 1962 to 69
percent in 1969. In other Bureau studies conducted in the
sixties for elementary-secondary schools, hospitals, and
public housing construction, the proportion of total onsite
employee-hours used by special trades contractors in­
creased, but to a lesser degree, while the proportion held by
general contractors declined.4 The first such survey in
apartment house construction in 1971 showed special
trades contractors accounting for 78 percent of total onsite
employee-hours.

In private housing construction, general contractors are
concentrating more of their efforts in the coordinating, fi­
nancing, and purchasing requirements of the project, while
subcontracting to specialty contractors more of certain
types of work, such as carpentry. Concurrently, the greater
demand for such home features as garages, patios, fire­
places, and more electrical work has brought about the shift
to greater use of contractors in masonry, concrete, and elec­
trical specialties.5
Employment and establishment size

The 17-area survey covered about one-seventh of the
approximately 3,624,000 construction workers estimated
to be employed nationwide in the contract construction
industries at the time of the study.6 Construction employ-

4Labor Requirements for Hospital Construction, Bulletin 1340
(Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1962); Labor and Material Require­
ments for School Construction, Bulletin 1586 (June 1968), p. 5;
Labor and Material Requirements for Hospital and Nursing Home
Construction, Bulletin 1691 (1971); Labor and Material Require­
ments for Construction o f Private Single-Family Houses, Bulletin
1755 (1972), p. 12; Labor and Material Requirements for Public
Housing Construction, 1968, Bulletin 1821 (1974), p. 7; and Labor
and Material Requirements for Private Multifamily Housing Con­
struction, Bulletin 1892 (1976), p. 10.
3
Industries are defined in the 1967 edition of the Standard
5See Private Single-Family Houses, BLS Bulletin 1755.
Industrial Classification Manual (SIC), prepared by the Bureau of
6 Nationwide employment estimate based on the Bureau’s
the Budget, now the Office of Management and Budget. For more
establishment survey as reported monthly in Employment and
details on the industrial scope, see appendix A.
Earnings.

T ext table 1.

Distribution of nonsupervisory construction workers by industry branch, 17 areas, September 1973
Percent distribution
Area

Total, 17 a r e a s ..................................................
Northeast:
B o s to n .......................................................................
Nassau-Suffolk
......................................................
Newark ....................................................................
New Y o r k ................................................................
P h ila d e lp h ia .............................................................
South:
Atlanta
....................................................................
Baltimore ................................................................
Dallas .......................................................................
Miami .......................................................................
Washington .............................................................
North Central:
Chicago ....................................................................
Cleveland ................................................................
Detroit
....................................................................
West:
D e n v e r........................................................................
Los Angeles-Long B e a c h .......................................
San Francisco-Oakland
.......................................
S eattle-E verett.........................................................

Total
number
of
workers

All
branches

511,600

Building

Heavy
construction

Selected
special
trades
contractors

100

27

19

52

26,500
16,800
9,200
70,800
37,600

100
100
100
100
100

33
14
28
15
28

16
23
21
15
18

51
61
51
69
53

24,500
21,900
28,800
19,900
49,000

100
100
100
100
100

40
25
27
35
27

16
22
29
20
16

43
53
41
43
52

1
1
3
2
5

65,200
13,900
28,800

100
100
100

26
26
24

16
19
18

57
54
58

1
1
( ')

20,300
39,700
28,700
9,900

100
100
100
100

41
29
39
29

14
23
19
35

42
47
35
33

2
2
7
3

1 Less th a n 0 .5 p e rc e n t.




General contractors

NOTE:

2

—

2

C)
0)
1

Because o f ro u n d in g , sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m ay n o t

equal to ta ls . Dash ( —) in dicates no d a ta re p o rte d .

2

Operative
builders

Text table 2. Average number of workers by size
of firm and industry branch, September 1973

Unionization

All
size
classes

8 to
49
workers

. . . .

25

14

92

24
37
23

13
16
14

99
94
88

Contractors with collective bargaining agreements cover­
ing a majority of their nonsupervisory construction workers
employed about three-fourths of the work force covered by
the survey.8 As shown in text table 3, a majority of
construction workers were paid rates set by labor-manage­
ment agreements in all areas surveyed except Atlanta,
Baltimore, Dallas, and Washington. The proportion of
union workers was much higher in the North and West (90
percent or more in seven areas studied there) than in the
South (less than 50 percent unionized in four of the five
southern areas studied).
By region and industry branch, the extent of union or­
ganization varied, but by size it was usually highest for the
larger contractors—
those with at least 50 employees. The
unionized work force ranged from about three-fourths of
the total in firms with 8 to 49 workers to nearly nine-tenths
in those with 250 workers or more. (The major exception
to this unionization/size of firm relationship was in Dallas
where the largest contractors, primarily those working in
the heavy construction branch, were less unionized than
those in the smaller size groups.) Among most of the highly
unionized northern and western areas studied, none of the
industry branches was consistently more unionized than the
others; in four of the five southern areas, however, heavy
construction contractors were the least organized.
Union workers in the construction industries are organ­
ized into craft groups that claim jurisdiction in their local
areas over specific types of work, such as carpentry or
plumbing. Workers in all but one occupation (truckdrivers
under Teamster contracts) covered by this survey were
organized by unions affiliated with the Building and
Construction Trades Department of the AFL-CIO. As
measured by membership in construction, the largest of
these affiliates is the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.9 Estimates of union workers by craft from this
wage survey are intended only as a general guide to the size
and composition of the work force under labor-manage­
ment agreements rather than a precise measure. (See table
2 .)

404

Gene'al building
. . . .
Heavy construction . . .
Selected special trades

401
407
405

Industry
branch
T o ta l1

50 to
249
workers

250
workers
or more

1 In cludes o p era tiv e bu ild ers n o t show n s ep a ra te ly .

merit, according to the survey, ranged from 9,000 workers
in Newark to 71,000 in the New York area. The next three
largest concentrations of construction workers were in
Chicago (65,000), Washington (49,000), and Los AngelesLong Beach (40,000).7
Eighty-nine percent of the 20,400 contractors within the
scope of the study employed fewer than 50 construction
workers each. Small contractor work forces in the industry
have traditionally reflected such factors as division of work
activities (subcontracting) on individual projects among
specialty firms; fluctuating demand for most construction
work; and the relative ease with which firms enter into and
exit from the construction business.
Small contractors (firms employing fewer than 50
construction workers) accounted for 50 percent of the
survey’s 511,600 workers. Firms with between 50 and 249
employees accounted for only 11 percent of the contrac­
tors covered by the study but they employed 39 percent of
the construction work force. At the upper end of the
establishment-size scale, less than 1 percent of the contrac­
tors employed 250 workers or more (rarely exceeding
1,000); their proportion of the industry’s work force,
however, was 11 percent. Firms in the largest size group did
not employ a majority of the workers in any geographical
area studied— contrast to the pattern found in most other
in
Bureau occupational wage studies.
Text table 2 presents the average (mean) employment
size for firms within the scope of the 17-area construction
study. It reflects the large concentration of small contrac­
tors (8 to 49 workers size group) and also shows that
average employment in firms tends to fall near the lower
end of the size class. Overall, heavy construction contrac­
tors had the largest average work force, about 50 percent
larger than those of general builders and specialty contrac­
tors. Within each size category, however, average employ­
ment differed little among the industry branches. Thus, the
overall relationship results from the larger proportion of
firms, in heavy construction with work forces of at least 50
employees (21 percent) compared with either general
building or special trades contracting (each at 10 percent).

8This 17-area estimate is higher than the national estimate of
60-70 percent for the proportion of workers employed by unionized
establishments in the construction industry during the 1960’s
suggested in Compensation in the Construction Industry, Bulletin
1656 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1970), pp. 9-10. The 1973 survey,
designed to measure occupational wage differentials, was limited to
large metropolitan areas and to contractors with 8 workers or
more-both factors that may raise the degree of unionization
estimated. Other factors that influence composite estimates of
union coverage (on a national or subnational basis) include the
relative importance of branches of the industry and of geographic
areas.
9For nationwide membership estimates in each of the building
and construction unions, see Directory o f National Unions and
Employee Associations, 1973 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1974),
pp. 2 8 -5 9 and p. 126.

7In the September 1972 study, construction employment
estimates related to the combined areas of New York and
Nassau-Suffolk and Los Angeles-Long Beach and Anaheim-Santa
Ana-Garden Grove.



3

Text table 3. Percent of nonsupervisory construction workers in firms operating under labor-management agreements,
17 areas, September 1973
Industry branch

Contractor size

Building
Total, 17 areas

Heavy
construction

Selected
special
trades
contractors

8 to 49
workers

50 to 249
workers

250 workers
or more

75-79

75-79

70-74

80-84

70-74

80-84

85-89

75-79
80-84
80-84
95+
80-84

85-89
45-49
90-94
90-94
80-84

65-69
95+
90-94
95+
90-94

75-79
85-89
70-74
95+
80-84

65-69
75-79
70-74
85-89
60-64

90-94
95+
95+
95+
95+

95+
95+
95+
95+
95+

45-49
35-39
30-34
55-59
40-44

40-44
30-34
55-59
65-69
40-44

20-24
35-39
0-4
35-39
35-39

55-59
35-39
40-44
55-59
45-49

30-34
20-24
30-34
55-59
30-34

65-69
45-49
40-44
50-54
40-44

50-54
95+
2 25-29
95+
70-74

95+
95+
90-94

95+
90-94
95+

95+
95+
95+

95+
95+
90-94

95+
90-94
90-94

95+
95+
95+

95+
95+
95+

70-74
90-94
95+
90-94

65-69
90-94
95+
90-94

85-89
95+
95+
95+

70-74
90-94
95+
95+

60-64
90-94
95+
90-94

85-89
95+
95+
95+

65-69
90-94
95+
-

All
firm s1

Area

................................

Northeast:
Boston ......................................................
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk ........................................
N e w a r k ......................................................
New York
...............................................
Philadelphia
...........................................
South:
A t l a n t a ......................................................
B a ltim o re ..................................................
D a lla s .........................................................
M ia m i.........................................................
W a s h in g to n ...............................................
North Central:
C h ic a g o ......................................................
C le v e la n d ..................................................
Detroit
..................................................
West:
Denver ......................................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach ......................
San F rancisco-O akland.........................
Seattle-Everett ........................................

General contractors

1 In cludes d a ta fo r w o rk e rs e m p lo y e d b y o p e ra tiv e b u ild ers n o t
s how n s e p a ra te ly .
2 T h e 1 9 7 2 survey re p o rte d , in e rr o r , 9 5 + un io n coverage; th e

c o rre c t percen tag e was 0 -4 .

Occupational composition

by many different contractors in various phases over
extended periods of time. In the Boston area, for example,
individual contractors typically employed workers in no
more than 3 of the 28 survey occupations, and rarely
employed workers in more than 6.10

N O T E : Dash in dicates no d a ta re p o rte d .

Workers in the 28 occupational classifications for which
wage data were developed accounted for three-fourths of
the 511,600 nonsupervisory construction employees within
the scope of the 17-area survey. (See tables 1 and A-l.)
Among the skilled occupations, carpenters were numeri­
cally the largest group in all areas studied except Newark
and New York, where they were outnumbered by electri­
cians. Carpenters commonly constituted between 10 and 16
percent of the construction work force in an area, reaching
a high o f 24 percent in San Francisco-Oakland. The 9
apprentice classifications— identified with formal training
all
programs leading to journeyman status—
made up 5 percent
of the work force in the 17 areas combined; electricians’
apprentices were numerically the most important in 11
areas, and carpenters’ apprentices in 4 areas. Construction
laborers were the most populous of the six helper/laborer
classifications studied, accounting for one-fifth to threetenths of the construction work force in 13 of the 17 areas
studied. The proportion of laborers in the work force was
highest in Atlanta (30 percent) and lowest in New York (10
percent).
Occupational staffing primarily reflected the highly
specialized nature of the construction processes performed



Occupational earnings
Tables 4 through 51 present earnings data for nonsuper­
visory employees in 28 occupational classifications selected
to represent wage levels of journeymen, equipment opera­
tors, apprentices, and helpers/laborers in the construction
industries. Data are shown separately for union and non­
union situations, and also for specified types of construc­
tion, that is, commercial, residential, street and highway,
and other heavy construction.
Within the areas studied, the highest pay levels reported
were usually for journeyman crafts. Pay leadership varied
by area, however; eight different crafts held the top posi­
tion in 14 areas. Hourly averages for bricklayers, who
10
For further discussion of occupational staffing patterns, see
Industry Wage Survey: Contract Construction, September 1972,
Bulletin 1853 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1975), pp. 5 - 6 .

4

in NassaurSuffolk and Philadelphia. For construction labor­
ers, the union-to-nonunion wage advantage was usually
larger— to 70 percent; the union-nonunion wage differ­
45
ential varied from 26 percent in Chicago to 81 percent in
Dallas. Comparisons for cement masons, plumbers, and
electricians showed similar margins in favor of union
rates—
typically 40 to 60 percent above nonunion rates for
cement masons and plumbers, and 45 to 60 percent for
electricians. Comparisons for some jobs, such as appren­
tices, were limited by the small number of nonunion
workers.
Variations in bargaining power held by union locals
within and among areas explain, to some extent, the wide
differences in union wage advantages. Other factors contrib­
uting to the average union-nonunion wage relationship for
an occupation in an area include the degree of craft
unionization and, hence, the influence of rate-setting
decisions on nonunion contractors; the amount of federally
funded construction activity14 requiring the payment of
“prevailing” rates and benefits; and the distribution of
workers by type of construction project, especially resi­
dential versus commercial building.

topped occupational pay levels in four areas, ranged from
$7.59 in Dallas to $9.52 in Chicago. Electricians had the
highest pay levels in two areas and along with plumbers had
the highest in Seattle-Everett as well. Pipefitters were the
pay leaders in two areas, and elevator constructors, plumb­
ers, roofers, sheet-metal workers, and structural iron work­
ers, in one area each. Pay levels of back-hoe operators
exceeded those of all other classifications in three areas—
Boston, Nassau-Suffolk, and Newark.
Most of the top-paying areas for the construction
occupations studied11 were, as expected, highly unionized.
For example, in Cleveland (top pay for eight jobs), Chicago
(six jobs), New York and Detroit (three jobs each), and
Seattle-Everett (one job), over 90 percent of the construc­
tion workers were covered by union contract. Top pay for
five other classifications was found in Philadelphia, Boston,
and Nassau-Suffolk—
where unionization was 75 to 85
percent. Conversely, most of the lowest paying areas were
the least unionized—
Dallas (eleven jobs), Atlanta (six jobs),
Baltimore (three jobs), and Washington (two jobs). Aver­
ages for four other apprentice and helper classifications
were lowest in the highly unionized areas of New York,
Cleveland, Los Angeles-Long Beach, and Philadelphia—
partly attributable to the larger proportion of workers at
the lower steps of the apprentice wage scale in these areas.
Interarea pay differences varied substantially by occupa­
tion. For example, union pipefitters in New York averaged
only 5 percent more than those in Atlanta, while the
corresponding spread was 37 percent for sheet-metal
workers; similarly, among nonunion workers in these two
areas, New York’s advantage was 10 percent for carpenters
compared to 42 percent for construction laborers.

Commercial-residential differentials

Construction workers on commercial building projects
typically receive higher wages than those at residential sites.
The primary influence on this relationship is the dispropor­
tionately large share of the work force on commercial sites
that is unionized compared with that for small residential
buildings (those under five stories). For example, on the
Washington metropolitan area’s commercial projects, nearly
two-thirds of the carpenters and laborers were paid union
rates, whereas, on that area’s small residential construction
projects, all carpenters and nine-tenths of the laborers were
paid nonunion rates. (See text table 4.)
While the average wage rate for all construction workers
was generally higher on commercial than residential pro­
jects, the difference was much less pronounced when only
union rates or nonunion wage rates were compared. In the
Washington metropolitan area, for example, the commer­
cial-to-residential average wage rate differentials for all
carpenters and for all laborers, of 31 and 47 percent, in
September 1973 were reduced to 9 and 12 percent,
respectively, when only nonunion rates were compared. A

Union-nonunion differentials

Construction workers earning rates set by labor-manage­
ment agreements usually enjoyed substantial, although
widely varying, wage advantages over their nonunion
counterparts.12 (See tables 2 and 3.) Union carpenters
typically earned between 35 and 55 percent more per hour
than nonunion carpenters in September 1973; the gap,
however, ranged from 1 percent in Detroit13 to 60 percent
11 Insufficient data were developed for elevator constructors and
their helpers to warrant interarea comparisons.
12 The discussion in this section is limited to average unionnonunion wage differences. As shown in tables 4 to 51, earnings for
some individuals in nonunion firms equaled or exceeded the union
rate for an occupation. While journeymen in union firms were
almost always paid a single rate per occupation, earnings of those in
nonunion shops often covered a broad range, reflecting different
level:; of skill and experience acquired or required. See Herbert R.
Northrup and Howard G. Foster, Open Shop Construction (Philadel­
phia, The University of Pennsylvania Press, 1975), pp. 235-321.
13 Only 1 percent of the carpenters reported in Detroit were
nonunion, some of whom were paid rates set in accordance with the
Davis-Bacon Act. (See footnote 14 on the Davis-Bacon Act.) The
next lowest union-nonunion wage differentials for carpenters were
10 percent in the Los Angeles area and 29 percent in Baltimore.



14The Davis-Bacon Act provides that any contractor performing
construction work on a project that is federally funded or federally
assisted must pay each employee working on the project no less that
the prevailing area wage rate for the occupation, plus the prevailing
value of fringe benefits. In an area where a majority of the workers
are unionized, the prevailing rate and benefits usually coincide with
the union rate and benefits for that occupation. For purposes of this
study, workers o f nonunion contractors were not considered as
receiving a union rate even though the rate for the federally funded
project was set (or determined as prevailing) at the union rate for
the occupation in the area. Nonunion workers at federally funded
projects will often be paid more than the basic union rate since their
wage rates will include the prevailing value of fringe benefits.

5

T ext table 4. Workers and average hourly earnings by union status and type of construction, selected occupations and
areas, September 1973
Carpenters

Construction laborers

Type of construction
Atlanta

Baltimore

Dallas

Washington

Atlanta

Baltimore

Dallas

Washington

Union and nonunion combined
Commercial:
Workers
.......................................
Earnings .......................................
Residential, under 5 stories:
Workers
.......................................
Earnings .......................................
Commercial as a percent of
residential:
Earnings .......................................

2,528
$6.52

1,636
$7.14

1,857
$6.93

3,130
$7.44

5,232
$4.30

3,308
$4.67

2,547
$4.59

6,341
$5.49

767
$5.33

388
$5.18

798
$5.04

2,315
$5.70

610
$3.27

720
$3.44

894
$2.82

3,237
$3.74

122

138

138

131

131

136

163

147

Nonunion
Commercial:
Workers
.......................................
Earnings .......................................
Residential, under 5 stories:
Workers
.......................................
Earnings .......................................
Commercial as a percent of
residential:
Earnings .......................................

1,412
$5.63

936
$6.57

530
$5.78

1,108
$6.22

2,280
$3.39

1,960
$4.00

808
$3.56

2,156
$4.07

704
$5.12

388
$5.18

792
$5.04

2,315
$5.70

610
$3.27

720
$3.44

882
$2.81

2,987
$3.65

110

127

115

109

104

116

127

112

similar comparison in the union sector revealed relatively
small differentials, or none, between commercial and
residential rates.

industry outside of construction. (See text table 5.) In
seven areas surveyed by the Bureau during the second half
of 1973, the average wage advantage of nonunion construc­
tion carpenters over maintenance carpenters ranged from
very little—1 percent in Miami and 2 percent in Philadel­
phia— 31 percent in Baltimore—
to
where the maintenance
carpenter average was lowest. Similarly, earnings of non­
union construction electricians averaged 4 percent more
than maintenance electricians in Dallas, 17 percent in
Boston, 20 percent in Philadelphia, 21 percent in Denver,
and 30 percent in Miami; in Baltimore, however, the

Construction-maintenance trade differentials

Although substantially below union construction rates in
most areas studied, average earnings of nonunion construc­
tion carpenters and electricians were typically above those
of such employees performing maintenance work in private

Text table 5. Average hourly earnings for selected construction crafts as percent of maintenance worker pay, 7 areas,
August-December 1973
Carpenters
Area and date
of maintenance
worker survey1

Baltimore (August 1 9 7 3 ) .....................
Boston (August 1973)
.........................
Cleveland (September 1973)
..............
Dallas (October 1973)
.........................
Denver (December 1 9 7 3 ) ......................
Miami (November 1973)
......................
Philadelphia (November 1973) . . . .

Maintenance
worker
average
$4.67
5.22
5.69
4.71
5.04
5.39
5.52

Electricians

Percent of
maintenance average2
Union
construction

Nonunion
construction

169
169
171
157
150
157
160

131
120
125
111
106
101
102

1 D a ta deve lo p e d fr o m th e B ureau's area wage surveys covered
establishm ents w ith 5 0 w o rk e rs o r m o re in m a n u fa c tu rin g ; tra n s p o r­
ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h olesale trad e;
re ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su rance, and real estate; and selected service
in dustries. In B a ltim o re , B o s to n , C le ve lan d , and P h ila d e lp h ia ,
e m p lo y m e n t m in im u m s o f 1 0 0 w o rk e rs are req u ire d fo r firm s
w ith in th e scope o f th e survey in m a n u fa c tu rin g ; tra n s p o rta tio n ,
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; and re ta il tra d e .




Maintenance
worker
average
$5.26
5.21
5.63
4.77
5.46
5.80
5.27

Percent of
maintenance average2
Union
construction

Nonunion
construction

162
174
174
163
140
152
191

94
117
( 3)
104
121
130
120

2 S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 3 c o n s tru c tio n h o u rly average fo r w o rk e rs paid
rates set o r n o t set b y la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t as a p e rc e n t o f
m a in te n a n c e w o rk e r average h o u rly earnings. T h e in fo rm a tio n fo r
m a in te n a n c e w o rk e rs in cludes e m p lo y e e s in b o th u n io n and
n o n u n io n establishm ents.
3 D a ta fo r n o n u n io n c o n s tru c tio n ele c trician s do n o t m ee t
p u b lic a tio n c rite ria .

6

differential favored maintenance electricians by 6 percentin contrast to the pay relationship for carpenters. (Compari­
son was not possible for Cleveland.)
Wage advantages for nonunion construction over main­
tenance work varied not only among areas but also between
trades within the same area. In Denver, Miami, and
Philadelphia, the wage differential between nonunion con­
struction and maintenance electricians was considerably
greater than between nonunion construction and mainte­
nance carpenters. In Boston and Dallas, however, the
nonunion construction-maintenance trade differential for
carpenters was slightly higher than for electricians. Part of
this variation reflects differences in the relative importance
of various industries employing maintenance workers, their
degree of unionization, and differences in the local bargain­
ing conditions affecting union and nonunion construction
earnings.15

Text table 6. Percent of workers covered by premium
pay provisions for weekday work outside of regularly
scheduled hours,1 selected occupations in the
New York area, September 1973
Union
Occupation and type of
construction

Carpenters ......................
C o m m ercial................
Residential (less
than 5 stories) . .
Plumbers .........................
Residential (less
than 5 stories) . .
Construction
laborers .....................
C o m m e rc ia l..............

Nonunion

Time and
one-half

Double
time

Time and
one-half

Double
time

( 2>
( 2>

99
99

78
100

22

5

95
100

72
65

28

-

_

100

42

95
94

5
6

71
80

—

—

-

1 W ith o u t also w o rk in g th e reg u la rly scheduled s h ift.
2 Less than 0 .5 p e rce n t.
N O T E : T o ta ls f o r o c c u p a tio n s m a y in clu d e da ta f o r w o rk e rs in
ty p e s o f c o n s tru c tio n n o t show n s e p a ra te ly . Dashes in d ic a te no d a ta
re p o rte d .

Establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions

areas; nonunion workers, in a majority of the survey
occupations, typically were paid premiums (time and
one-half) for such work in only 6 of 15 areas providing data
for such analysis.17 Similarly, union workers most com­
monly received double time for work beyond their daily or
weekly shifts in about four-fifths of the surveyed areas and
time and one-half in the others; nonunion workers, how­
ever, typically received premium pay of time and one-half
for daily overtime in only eight areas, and the legally
required time and one-half for weekly overtime in all areas.
Within an area, the incidence of specific premium
overtime provisions commonly varied among occupations
and within the same occupation by union status and type
of construction. Text table 6 illustrates such differences for
three occupations by showing the percent of union or
nonunion workers covered by premium pay provisions for
weekday work outside of regularly scheduled hours in the
New York area.

Information also was obtained by occupation and type
of construction on overtime premium pay provisions for
union and nonunion workers; amounts of employer contri­
butions to union benefit funds (for example, insurance and
pension funds) and the incidence of such payments; and,
for benefits not provided through union funds, the propor­
tions of workers covered by paid holidays, paid vacations,
and various health, insurance, and retirement plans.
Overtime premium pay provisions

Overtime premium pay provisions for workers under
labor-management agreements were more liberal than those
for nonunion workers. (See tables 52-107.) Double-time
pay for work on Sundays and holidays, for example,
applied to union workers in a majority of the survey
occupations in each area studied; time and one-half was the
most prevalent premium pay provision for nonunion
workers.16
Premium pay provisions for other overtime situations
studied, such as weekday work outside of regularly sched­
uled hours and daily or weekly hours in excess of those
regularly scheduled, also were more generous, for union
than for nonunion workers. To illustrate, union employees
on the jobsite before or after scheduled daily hours
(without working all of the shift) most commonly were
paid double time in 14 areas and time and one-half in 3

Employer contributions to specified union funds

Tables 108 through 124 show the amount and incidence
by area of employer contributions to union funds for
insurance, pensions, vacations, holidays, combination bene­
fits (such as pensions and vacations), and all “other”
benefits, such as dental care, apprenticeship training,
education, and industry advancement. Data are presented
by occupation and type of construction on average hourly
contributions to these funds, as well as the minimum and
maximum amount reported throughout each area. Differ­
ences in the minimum and maximum contributions usually
reflected variations in contract provisions among local

15 For a detailed comparison of union contract rates in construc­
tion and earnings in maintenance work, see Lily Mary David and
T. P. Kanninen, “Workers* Wages in Construction and Mainte­
nance,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1968, pp. 46-49.
16 Although provisions for straight-time pay for overtime also
were found, primarily in nonunion situations, this analysis was
limited to premium pay provisions.



1’ This analysis refers only to areas for which data meet
publication criteria for 3 occupations or more.

7

unions covering the same occupation in an area rather than
discretionary payments by employers above the amount
stated in a particular labor-management agreement.18
Text table 7 presents the average employer contribution
to specified union funds19 as a percent of the average
union hourly rate plus union fund contribution for the
largest skilled, apprentice, and unskilled job classifications
studied. Fund contributions were commonly more impor­
tant, in relative terms, for apprentice electricians than for
carpenters or laborers. Uniform contributions, often made
on the basis of cents per hour rather than a percentage of
the basic wage, were typically provided to apprentices
regardless of the years of apprenticeship completed—
the
criterion used to set apprentice wages. At times, the same
fund contribution was reported for the apprentice as for
the higher paid journeyman in the same craft. Employer
contributions for apprentice electricians were generally 12
to 19 percent of wages plus contributions and ranged from
9 percent in Philadelphia to 27 percent in New York. For

carpenters and laborers, the relative importance of these
fund contributions was greatest in Los Angeles-Long Beach,
Nassau-Suffolk, New York and San Francisco-0akland—
all
highly unionized. In contrast, such payments usually made
up less than 10 percent of wages plus employer contribu­
tions in the southern areas studied-typically the least
unionized and lowest paying.2 0
As presented here, the sum of wages plus contributions
for union workers is not meant to reflect total employer
costs or total employee compensation. Total cost would
include legally required employer payments for social
security, unemployment benefit programs, and workers’
disability compensation, as well as overtime premium pay
and other expenditures not covered by this study. Such
omitted items accounted for about 10 percent of the
compensation of union workers in the Bureau’s 1969 study
of special trades contractors and its 1971 study of heavy
construction contractors.21

1‘ Variations in contributions are found particularly in large,
multicounty areas such as New York, where union jurisdiction is
divided among several locals or where union jurisdiction is split by
type of construction, especially between residential and commercial.
(See table 120.)
1
’ The average fund contribution is based on all union workers in
the classification. Included were workers for whom zero employer
contributions were reported for any fund. The average employer
contributions in text table 7 may differ from those shown in tables
108-124. In the latter, the employee-weighted average relates only
to employees covered by contributions to union funds.

20In the Bureau’s July 1973 survey of union wage rates in
building trades for cities of 100,000 inhabitants or more, employer
contributions to insurance, pension, and vacation funds averaged 14
to 15 percent of wages plus these fund contributions for all building
trades combined and for carpenters and laborers separately.
21 For a detailed report on employer expenditures for compensa­
tion of construction workers (nonoccupational data), see Employee
Compensation and Payroll Hours, Heavy Construction Industry,
1971, Report 428 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1974), and Employee
Compensation and Payroll Hours: Construction-Special Trade Con­
tractors, 1969, Report 413 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1972).

T ext table 7. Average union wage rates and employer contributions to specified union funds, selected occupations and
areas, September 1973
Apprentice electricians

Carpenters

Area

Northeast:
B o s t o n ...........................................
N a ssau -S u ffo lk............................
N e w a r k ...........................................
New York
....................................
Philadelphia
................................
South:
A t l a n t a ...........................................
B a ltim o re .......................................
D a lla s ..............................................
...........................................
Miami
W ashin gton ....................................
North Central:
C h ica g o ...........................................
C le v e la n d .......................................
D e t r o i t ...........................................
West:
D e n v e r ...........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach . . . .
San Francisco-O akland..............
S e a ttle -E v e re tt.............................




Construction laborers

Average
union
hourly
rate

Average
hourly
fund
contri­
bution

Contri­
bution
as a percent
of rate plus
contri­
bution

Average
union
hourly
rate

Average
hourly
fund
contri­
bution

Contri­
bution
as a percent
of rate plus
contri­
bution

Average
union
hourly
rate

Average
hourly
fund
contri­
bution

Contri­
bution
as a percent
of rate plus
contri­
bution

$8.80
8.93
9.28
9.04
8.85

$1.02
2.82
1.18
2.87
1.71

10
24
11
24
16

$5.83
5.68
6.60
4.42
5.90

$1.41
1.36
1.36
1.61
.56

19
19
17
27
9

$6.75
6.80
6.78
7.50
6.40

$0.85
2.06
.93
1.99
.69

11
23
12
21
10

7.65
7.89
7.38
8.44
8.11

.77
1.13
.62
.76
.69

9
13
8
8
8

5.47
5.78
4.74
5.90
4.74

.83
.82
.72
1.04
.88

13
12
13
15
16

4.92
4.96
5.06
6.17
5.96

.38
.61
.50
.84
.57

7
11
9
12
9

9.16
9.72
8.73

1.17
1.13
2.19

11
10
20

6.08
5.71
6.74

.89
.99
2.30

13
15
25

6.93
7.45
6.72

1.10
1.28
1.59

14
15
19

7.58
7.05
8.14
7.13

1.23
2.41
2.17
1.33

14
25
21
16

4.78
5.96
5.59
5.81

1.22
1.68
1.83*
.65

20
22
25
10

4.70
5.65
5.54
5.84

.86
2.45
2.90
1.25

15
30
34
18

8

Average employer contributions for all benefit funds
combined, as presented in tables 108-124, ranged from a
high o f $4.03 for bricklayers and their apprentices in New
York, and bricklayers in Nassau-Suffolk, to a low of 6 cents
for cement masons’ apprentices in Cleveland. The all-bene­
fit fund average was above $2 for a majority of the
occupations reported in five areas and below $1 for a
majority o f jobs presented in three areas.

Vacation and holiday funds. Employer contributions to
separate vacation funds were less prevalent than those to
insurance or pension funds. In seven areas, vacation fund
contributions were made for a majority of the occupations
presented in tables 108 through 124. These areas were
Chicago, Denver, Nassau-Suffolk, Newark, New York, San
Francisco-Oakland, and Seattle-Everett. In contrast, contri­
butions to vacation funds for four or fewer occupations
were reported in Atlanta, Boston, Dallas, Detroit, and
Miami; none were provided in Cleveland and Washington.
Among all areas studied, average hourly payments to
vacation funds for the occupations reported ranged from 10
cents for truckdrivers in Denver to $1.11 for plumbers in
Nassau-Suffolk. Only in Nassau-Suffolk and New York were
vacation funds established for virtually all occupations
reported. Average payments in Nassau-Suffolk ranged from
30 cents for bricklayers to $1.11 for plumbers; and in New
York, they spread from 27 cents for sheet-metal workers’
apprentices to $1.06 for structural iron workers.
Vacation fund contributions were reported in 10 or
fewer areas for any single occupation studied. Text table 9
provides the distribution of areas by size of average
employer contributions to these funds for selected occupa­
tions. The average contribution was most commonly under
50 cents, except for plumbers.
Holiday funds were rarely found, with none reported by
establishments visited in 14 areas and only 2 occupations
covered by such funds in Denver and New York. In San
Francisco-Oakland, however, holiday funds were reported
for a majority of the occupations. There, the average
contribution ranged from 21 cents for sheet-metal workers’
apprentices to 60 cents for carpenters and roofers, and their
apprentices.

Insurance and pension funds. Employer contributions to

union funds providing insurance or pensions applied to
almost all union workers studied. Hourly contributions
varied widely, with pension fund contributions averaging a
high of $2.93 for bricklayers in Nassau-Suffolk and a low of
6 cents for electricians’ apprentices in Seattle-Everett.
Average employer contributions to insurance funds ranged
from $1.19, for pipefitters’ apprentices in San FranciscoOakland, to 15 cents for construction laborers in Atlanta.
No consistent pattern emerged, however, when contribu­
tions were compared within an area by occupation. Text
table 8 shows the distribution of areas by size of average
contributions to insurance and pension funds for carpen­
ters, apprentice electricians, and construction laborers. It
shows that such contributions were most commonly be­
tween 30 and 70 cents an hour to insurance and pension
funds for carpenters; between 10 and 50 cents for
apprentice electricians’ and laborers’ pensions, and 10 to 70
cents to their insurance funds.
Average payments to insurance and pension funds varied
somewhat for workers on different types of construction
projects. For example, the average insurance payment for
construction laborers in New York was 92 cents an hour; it
ranged from 73 cents for laborers working on residential
buildings of five stories or more to $1.11 for those on
smaller residential structures. Moreover, within the com­
mercial sector, the minimum insurance payment for labor­
ers was 17 cents an hour; the maximum was $1.17.
Differentials among and within sectors were also wide­
spread for many occupations in New York and the other
areas studied.

Combination and “o th e r” benefits. Employer contributions

to union combination funds (instead of separate funds),
such as vacations and holidays or pensions and vacations,
are presented for 11 of the 17 areas studied. Such payments
varied widely by occupation and area. Payments averaged 7
cents an hour or less for several occupations in Baltimore

Text table 8. Distribution of areas by size of average employer contributions to union insurance and pension funds,
selected occupations, September 1973
Carpenters
Average cents-per-hour
contribution

Apprentice electricians

Construction laborers

Insurance
funds

Pension
funds

Insurance
funds

Pension
funds

Insurance
funds

Pension
funds

. . .

17

17

17

17

17

17

Under 10 cents
.........................................................
10 and under 30 c e n t s ..............................................
30 and under 50 c e n t s ..............................................
50 and under 70 c e n t s ..............................................
70 and under 90 c e n t s ..............................................
90 cents or m o r e .........................................................

_

_

_

2
5
4
3
3

_
5
5
6

_

Total number of areas compared

Range of average contributions




—
6
6
2
3

-

-

$0.30-$1.44

$0.25-$0.75

$0.06-$0.81

—

8
5
3
1

. . . . $0.30-$ 1.07

9

4
8
4
1

-

1
$0.15-$0.92

4
7
2
1
3
$0.20-$1.35

T ext table 9. Distribution of areas by size of average employer contributions to union vacation funds, selected
occupations, September 1973

Carpenters

Electricians

Plumbers

Sheetmetal
workers

Sheet-metal
workers'
apprentices

Total number of areas c o m p a re d ..................

8

10

8

9

9

7

and under 30 c e n t s ......................................................
and under 50 c e n t s ......................................................
and under 70 c e n t s ......................................................
cents or m o r e ................................................................

3
2
3

6
3
1

1
1
2
4

5
3
1

1
6
1
1

2
3
1
1

Average cents-per-hour
contribution

10
30
50
70

Range of average contributions

.................. $0.15-$0.68

$0.3 2-$0.95

and Denver, and for laborers in New York and SeattleEverett; they were $1.80 or more for carpenters and their
apprentices in New York and in Philadelphia, and for
structural iron workers and truckdrivers in New York. For
construction laborers in seven areas, average payments to
combination funds ranged from 3 cents to 80 cents—
clustering at 3 to 7 cents in four areas and at 50 to 80 cents
in three. For apprentice electricians in six areas, average
contributions ranged from 33 cents to 67 cents.
Hourly payments to “other” union funds, such as those
covering dental care, apprenticeship training, and industry
advancement, were made for nearly all union workers in
each area; these contributions averaged 25 cents or less for
a majority of the occupations. Average hourly payments to
“other” funds for carpenters, for example, came to 10
cents or less in all 17 areas. Similarly, payments for laborers
averaged 10 cents or less in 15 of 17 areas, but reached a
high o f 35 cents in Miami. The largest average hourly
contribution to “other” funds-86 cents-was reported for
back-hoe operators in Newark.

$ 0 .1 5-$1.11 $0.30-$1.06 $0.27-$0.81

Construction
laborers

$0.15-$0.71

was paid by the employer. No attempt, however, was made
to determine the cost of these benefits not provided by
union funds.
Paid holidays. Most nonunion workers in the occupations

presented in table 125 were provided paid holidays, usually
5 or 6 annually. More liberal provisions of 7 to 9 days were
found for equipment operators (and some journeymen) in
Baltimore and Philadelphia; and 10 or 11 days applied to
some equipment operators in Boston, Nassau-Suffolk, and
New York. In contrast, only 1 paid holiday was provided to
about three-tenths of the roofers and one-third of the
sheet-metal workers in Philadelphia, and one-fifth of the
sheet-metal workers in Washington. (See table 125 for
examples of workers provided four or fewer holidays in
other occupations and areas.)
Paid vacations. Paid vacations not provided by union funds

applied to at least some workers in most of the occupations
and areas. The provision typically found was 1 week’s pay
after 1 year of service. The availability of a second week
after 5 years of service varied widely among and within
areas by occupation. In Baltimore, for example, about
two-thirds of the apprentice structural iron workers and
plumbers’ helpers were eligible to receive 2 weeks of
vacation pay after 5 years of service, compared to less than
one-tenth of the electricians, pipefitters, back-hoe opera­
tors, and bulldozer operators. Nonunion contractors usually
reported a maximum of 2 weeks of vacation pay after
qualifying periods of service.2 3
The proportion of workers under vacation plans not
provided by union funds was commonly below the percent
of nonunion workers in a given occupation and area. For
example, only about one-half of the nonunion carpenters
and one-third of the nonunion construction laborers in
Washington were in firms with formal vacation provisions.

Employee benefits not provided by specified union
funds

Table 125 indicates the proportion of construction
workers covered by paid holidays, paid vacations, and
health, insurance, and retirement plans not provided by
specified union funds.22 Some or all of these benefits were
provided to nonunion workers in most areas and occupa­
tions within the scope of the survey. The incidence of
health and insurance plans was usually equal to or higher
than that for holiday or vacation benefits. Retirement plan
coverage, however, was less frequent than for holidays or
vacations. Although varying among establishments in an
area, provisions for leave time and the presence of
insurance/pension benefits rarely differed by occupation
within nonunion establishments.
All such benefit plans, except those legally required,
were included in the study when at least part of the cost

23A nationwide labor-management agreement for union elevator
constructors and their helpers provides for vacation pay of at least 6
percent of the straight-time hourly rate, or 3 weeks annually, as
reported for all union workers in the survey areas where these
2
2 Includes nonunion situations and a few union situations where occupations are presented. In Philadelphia, however, nonunion
elevator constructors (one-fifth of the area’s total) and their helpers
benefits reported were not provided through union funds. (See
(three-tenths) received 2 weeks or less.
’
ootnote 23 on elevator constructors.)




10

T ext table 10. Percent of workers covered by insurance and retirement plans not provided by union funds, selected
occupations and areas, September 1973
Apprentice electricians

Carpenters

Construction laborers

Area
Insurance1
Atlanta
.......................................................................
Baltimore ....................................................................
Miami ...........................................................................
P h ila d e lp h ia ................................................................
Washington
................................................................

Retirement

Insurance1

Retirement

Insurance1

Retirement

26
50
7
10
37

6
32
( 2)
2
6

7
46
34
16
34

7
38
3
4
8

26
45
24
8
36

11
26
3
3
11

1 Percentages w e re based on an u n d u p lic a te d to ta l o f w o rk e rs
covered b y a t least 1 he a lth o r insurance p lan .

2 Less th a n 0 .5 p e rce n t.

H ealth , insurance , and retirem ent plans. Some form of

applied to fewer occupations and smaller proportions of
workers. For example, in Dallas-the least unionized area
studied-health or insurance plans were reported for all
occupations shown in table 125 while retirement plans were
reported in only half the cases. Moreover, the proportion of
workers covered by retirement plans was less than for
health and insurance plans in every instance except carpen­
ters’ apprentices where coverage was the same. Retirement
plan coverage in Dallas was highest for plumbers’ helpers—
25 percent-which was less than half the percentage of
these helpers under health and insurance provisions. Text
table 10 indicates the proportion of all carpenters, appren­
tice electricians, and construction laborers who were under
health or insurance provisions and retirement plans not
provided by union funds for areas where both types of
2
4 Nearly all retirement plans provided pensions rather than benefits were reported. It shows a consistently higher cover­
age for health or insurance plans than for retirement bene­
severance pay to employees on retirement. (See appendix A for
definition of terms.)
fits.
health and insurance plan not provided by union funds
applied to workers in a large majority of the occupations
presented for nearly all areas shown in table 125. As was
the case for vacation plans, worker coverage by health and
insurance plans often fell well below the proportion of
nonunion workers in the jobs. In Atlanta, for example,
almost two-thirds of the carpenters were nonunion, but
only one-fourth were covered by health or insurance plans.
Similarly, 63 percent of the sheet-metal workers in Dallas
were nonunion, but only 9 percent were covered by health
or insurance benefits not provided by union funds.
Compared to health and insurance benefits, private
retirement plans24 not provided by union funds usually




11

Table 1. Occupational averages: Union and nonunion combined
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o ne m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
N o rth e a s t
N a s s a u — u ffo lk
S

B o sto n

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

P h i la d e lp h ia

N ew Y o rk

N e w a rk

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e rc ia l
___ _
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ... ...
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
C a r p e n te r s
__
C o m m e r c ia l
,
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _ . _
_
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
__ .
C em ent m asons
. ..
C o m m e r c ia l..
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _ .
_
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
_ ...
E le c tr ic ia n s
. .
___
_ _
_
C o m m e r c i a l ___
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
........
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s
_ .....
C o m m e r c ia l
__
P ip e fitte rs
_
...
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _
P lu m b e rs .
...
_
C o m m e r c i a l .............
....
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _
R o o f e r s . ._
C o m m e rc ia l _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ______________________ .
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s __________________ __
C o m m e rc ia l.

866
757
_
_
2 ,9 2 2
2 ,5 7 6
116
157
437
398
31
1,950
1,672
_
206
_
681
635
_
1,001
668
282
44 6
44 6
870
797
73
1,716
-

$ 8 .7 2
8.88
8.59
8.66
6 .7 3
8.83
8.93
8.93
8.83
8.15
8.45
5.3 6
9.17
9.4 5
8.32
8.70
7 .4 8
8.17
8.17
8.45
8.72
5.43
8.37
~

1,035
1,0 0 9
2 ,4 6 5
533
1,827
86
188
147
7
1 ,025
893
_
132
486
474
71 8
478
24 0
27 3
191
82
396
38 8
-

$ 8 .8 6
8.93
_
8.0 5
8.81
7 .7 5
9 .0 0
8.3 5
8.35
8.3 5
9.0 2
9.5 2
5 .6 2
_
8.6 5
8.6 5
7 .7 6
8 .5 8
6 .1 0
7 .6 7
7 .5 9
7 .8 6
9 .1 5
9 .1 4
-

411
411
_
891
718
261
2 59
925
907
469
469
528
308
220
173
149
42 5
324
245
212

$ 9 .3 4
9 .3 4
8.87
9.03
8.6 4
8.6 4
8 .6 0
8.6 4
8.82
8.82
7.41
8.62
5.71
7 .3 6
7 .7 8
7 .5 6
8.41
8 .8 0
8.8 0

2 ,1 3 6
1,338
699
7,2 2 3
3,530
2,5 3 2
591
493
1,220
519
29
7 ,6 7 0
5,177
2 ,4 8 9
4 ,6 8 0
4 ,5 1 6
164
4 ,3 4 3
2 ,4 7 0
1,338
535
534
516
1,556
1,452
698
679

$ 8 .8 7
8.95
8.95
8.96
8 .99
9 .0 9
8.11
9.15
8.22
8.15
8 .38
8.82
8.82
8.84
8.57
8.57
8.66
8.51
8.81
8 .49
7 .1 3
8.00
8.11
10.62
10.79
9 .55
9.55

2 ,0 2 8
1,714
290
4 ,5 0 9
3,041
86
1,156
134
92
1,156
928
126
2 ,5 4 0
2 ,4 2 4
357
145
1,741
1,678
2 ,5 4 7
2 ,0 0 5
542
633
423
1,121
951
62
520
512

$ 8 .8 0
8.91
8.12
8 .2 5
8 .6 8
6 .5 5
7 .1 0
9 .03
9 .3 4
7 .7 3
7 .9 0
6 .4 4
9 .5 5
9 .7 9
8.73
7 .9 6
9 .3 5
9 .3 8
8 .6 9
9.31
6 .4 2
6 .9 7
7 .7 2
9.21
9 .43
4 .4 3
9.22
9.21

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ____________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _____________ _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _______________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s _________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________ _____________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ---------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________

242
150
15
77
307
139
96
72
27 0
77
144
49

9 .1 9
9.11
9.11
9.35
9 .1 0
9.0 4
9.02
9.3 3
6.23
6.31
5.86
7.21

171
22
101
221
-

80
18
20
40
67
-

474
288
163

9.7 6
9.82
9 .7 5
8 .5 8
8.57
7.21
7 .3 4
6 .9 4

9 .5 9
7.9 0
10.28
10.20
7 .6 8
5 .7 5
5 .7 5
5 .5 8

464
122
45
262
216
57
53
45
801
362
195
244

9.87
10.07
9 .8 8
9.87
8.70
9.86
9 .30
8 .68
7 .2 4
7 .3 4
7.11
7 .1 8

627
221
57
217
105
613
205
213
86
1,124
491
56
434
128

9 .22
9 .4 2
8 .23
9 .46
8.77
8 .4 0
8.61
8 .6 4
7 .5 6
6 .0 2
6.01
5 .7 9
6 .0 7
6 .2 2

35
33

5.93
5.8 4

-

-

-

-

-

89
63
26
451
191
229
~

6 .2 3
6 .3 2
6.01
6 .1 5
5.96
6.41
"

43
43
270
174
94

5 .3 7
5 .37
5 .4 0
5 .4 4
5 .3 0

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------C a r p e n t e r s ----------- ----------------------------------- C o m m e r c i a l ----------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




-

141
133
"

-

5.97
5.9 4
“

no

124
13
106

5 .0 2
5.7 2
4 .8 7

-

56
27
19

~

-

"

Table 1. Occupational averages: Union and nonunion combined— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
N o rth e a s t
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e

N a s s a u — u ffo lk
S

B o sto n

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N e w a rk
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

P h ila d e lp h ia

N ew Y ork

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A p p r e n tic e 8— C o n tin u e d
C e m e n t m a s o n s ____________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ___________ ; ______________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
P i p e f i t t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l _____________________________
P l u m b e r s _____________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------R o o f e r s _______________________________________
C o m m e rc ia l
__
__ __
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _____________ ____ _________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s _____________________
C o m m e r c ia l _____________________________
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ______________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s _________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _____ ________________
________________
C o m m e r c i a l ___ ______
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ______________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________ _____________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e l p e r s _____________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

17
16
630
48 8
114
94
386
153
227
56
56
125
125
147
115

$ 7 .2 0
7 .2 9
5 .2 5
5 .6 3
5 .6 0
5 .9 4
4 .3 4
5 .1 4
3 .7 5
6 .6 0
6 .6 0
6 .6 9
6 .6 9
6.0 1
6 .1 2

390
300
73
73
22 8
94
94
93
-

$ 5 .6 1
6 .2 0
6.47
6.4 7
4 .5 4
6.01
5.91
5.9 3
-

86
68
24
24
81
75
“

$ 5 .9 5
6 .6 0
5.61
5.61
4 .9 0
4 .9 3
“

35
11
2 ,9 2 5
1,718
1,199
429
421
489
358
65
66
39
39
150
132
-

$ 7 .2 3
6 .6 3
4 .4 2
4 .4 7
4 .3 6
5.03
5.01
4 .8 5
4 .7 7
4 .8 9
5.23
4 .4 8
4 .4 8
6 .43
6 .4 9
-

100
14
315
315
160
153
407
212
195
129
35
“

$ 4 .5 0
7.01
5 .8 9
5.89
5.63
5.63
4 .6 4
5.67
3.51
4 .8 8
6.61
“

261
256
_
124
5 ,9 2 6
3,4 9 4
174
49 9
875
884
292
242
50
73

7 .1 6
7 .1 7
3.7 3
6 .3 6
6 .6 7
6 .8 1
4 .5 8
5 .8 7
6 .5 4
3 .2 7
3 .2 2
3.5 3
3 .8 6
-

495
495
147
147
4 ,0 6 2
1,641
391
1,221
789
83
-

7.8 5
7.85
3 .5 4
3 .5 4
6 .6 3
7 .2 9
5.3 3
6 .3 5
6 .3 0
2 .8 3
-

1,832
1,314
319
194

6.61
6.71
-

1,303
951
302

7 .8 3
7 .8 0
7 .9 0
7.21
7 .4 2
7 .66
5 .1 5
7 .1 4
7.30
3.45
3 .13
3 .2 8

862
672
190
317
137
150
9,182
4 ,8 5 2
1,148
2 ,1 7 8
881
263
204
100
137
57

6 .2 0
6 .54
5.02
4 .2 6
4 .8 6
3.80
5 .89
6 .2 4
4 .5 6
6.11
5.43
3.23
6.03
5.57
4 .4 2
3 .2 8

-

"

-

-

-

-

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

-

6 .2 2
6.71
3 .7 9
3 .7 9

-

46
46

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

~
-

7 ,3 8 8
3,887
362
524
816
1,799
436
159
217

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

S o u th
A tla n ta
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs
Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ---------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------C a r p e n t e r s ___________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _______________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n --------------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




523
523
_
3,335
2 ,5 2 8
767
-

$ 7 .8 2
7 .8 2
6 .2 4
6 .5 2
5 .3 3
-

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs
823
397
2,201
1,636
388
115

M ia:m i

D a lla s

B a l ti m o r e

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
$ 8 .2 4
8.52
6 .7 4
7 .1 4
5 .1 8
5.77

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs
378
358
2 ,9 6 7
1,857
798
128
124

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
$ 7 .5 9
7 .6 5
6 .1 9
6 .9 3
5 .0 4
3.8 7
4 .9 7

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs
383
186
196
3 ,1 2 0
1,191
603
1,100
31
195

W a sh in g to n
A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
$ 8 .3 3
8.51
8.16
7 .52
8.29
7.90
6 .4 9
6 .2 0
7.67

N um ber
of
w o rk ers
2 ,6 9 4
1,565
738
5,746
3 ,1 3 0
81
2 ,3 1 5
87

A v erag e
h o u rly
e a r n in g s
$ 8 .4 6
8.63
8.19
6.73
7.44
6.03
5.70
8.12

Table 1. Occupational averages: Union and nonunion combined— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
S o u th
A tla n ta

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e

D a lla s

B a l ti m o r e

J o u r n e y m e n — C o n tin u e d
C em ent m asons
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ____
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_ _
_
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ....
E le c tr ic ia n s
. _
.......... .
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
P ip e fitte rs
__
__ __ __ ______________
C o m m e rc ia l
P lu m b e rs
__
__ __ __ ____ __
C o m m e rc ia l
___ . ...
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ ____
R o o fe rs
.......
... . . _
_
C o m m e r c ia l
...
__ .
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s
_________ ___ _
C o m m e rc ia l
____
_ _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
__
_
___
C o m m e r c ia l
__
_ —
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
___
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B ack -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_
__
____
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _
__ __ —
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
__
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
T ru c k d riv e rs
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs
r n ir» m i» rp ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
__ _
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e rc ia l
----R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C e m e n t m a s o n s ______________________________
C o m m e rc ia l
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _
P ip e fitte rs
C o m m e r c ia l
P l u m b e r s ...........................................................................
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------R o o fe rs
C o m m e r c ia l
See footnotes at end of table.




A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

672
583
_
_
_
_
1,6 0 4
1,4 4 9
155
465
465
1 ,052
757
295
332
311
615
354
258
560
560
-

$ 6 .1 0
6 .4 5
_
8 .1 8
8.46
5 .5 7
8 .2 0
8.2 0
6 .3 4
6.81
5 .1 4
5.6 5
5 .6 4
5 .7 8
6.61
4 .6 7
6.91
6.91
-

356
22 6
61
39
1 ,0 7 4
864
210
220
220
792
534
258
306
157
127
66 6
641
25
873
873
-

$ 7 .0 7
7 .9 6
6 .0 5
5 .0 2
6 .9 4
7.51
4 .5 9
8 .0 9
8 .0 9
6.41
7 .2 5
4 .6 7
5 .0 9
5 .2 3
4 .7 7
7 .0 7
7 .1 7
4 .2 8
6 .9 6
6 .9 6
-

963
408
22 8
282
45
1,182
1,038
144
223
182
994
598
396
272
272
420
26 9
-

$ 5 .1 8
6 .2 4
5 .1 4
3 .8 2
4 .3 0
6 .8 2
7 .1 3
4 .6 1
6 .9 3
7 .7 5
6 .2 3
6.9 7
5 .1 0
4 .3 6
4 .3 6
7 .3 8
7 .4 8
-

398
145
15

5 .7 3
7 .3 3
5.01
5.0 7
4 .6 0
5.5 6
3 .3 5
3.3 7

357
58
149
382
119
211
37 4
72

6.3 1
6.6 1

42 0
22
18
82
2 98
227
44
133
104

3 .5 7
6 .9 7
4 .6 1
3 .9 4
3 .1 5
3 .8 6
3.6 7
3 .8 3
2 .7 1

-

198
143
48
174
38
-

-

-

136
-

3 .3 4

192
110

155
113
41

4 .9 3
5 .1 6
4 .2 9
-

118
107
111
101

-

694
642
114
114
272
202
~

-

5 .3 0
5 .4 7
4 .9 7
4 .9 7
3 .9 0
4 .0 1
“

-

-

. 63 5
575
33
33
343
212
131
“

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

-

5 .7 0
5 .7 9
5 .4 2
6 .3 1
4 .5 6
5 .3 6
4 .3 7
4 .3 7
5.1 7
4 .9 8
5 .6 2
5 .7 3
4 .4 5
4 .6 0
5.21
5 .2 1
4 .0 8
4 .6 7
3.11
~

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

-

-

96
-

2.7 1

38
38
178
172

5 .5 0
5 .5 0
5.41
5 .4 3

-

-

307
295
142
118
-

W a sh in g to n

M ia m i

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

-

4 .4 2
4 .4 6
5 .2 3
5 .65
“

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

306
138
40
90
24
1,198
699
29 8
54
841
259
398
363
179
174
159
24
254
28

$ 8 .0 9
8.62
8 .6 0
8 .34
4 .8 6
8.52
8 .83
7 .5 8
9 .2 9
8.56
9 .1 8
7 .8 4
6 .7 7
7 .7 9
5 .6 5
9 .1 8
6 .1 4
7 .8 8
8 .0 8

938
587
215
96
28
1,801
1,301
458
495
459
1,589
980
52 0
380
2 59
121
1,215
1,039
176
279
272
-

$ 7 .0 7
7.81
5 .8 8
5 .3 4
6 .5 1
6 .9 5
7 .5 2
5 .4 4
7 .9 7
8 .0 8
6 .7 4
7 .51
5 .5 5
6 .2 8
6 .4 7
5 .8 8
6 .8 3
7 .0 7
5 .3 9
7 .6 1
7 .5 8
-

2 10
23
18
200
11
161
103
63
-

5 .6 7
8.06
5 .4 6
5 .3 4
7 .5 2
5.01
3 .5 6
3 .3 0

682
26 8
61
36
305
720
193
94
49
325
1,120
377
28
175
512

6 .5 4
6 .6 5
6 .1 0
5 .0 9
6 .6 4
6 .7 0
7 .9 2
5 .5 4
5 .2 5
6 .3 0
5 .0 2
5 .4 9
4 .0 4
4 .4 9
4 .9 0

396
179
61
142
479
231
301
101
174
47
16

6 .1 6
6 .2 1
6 .0 4
6 .1 9
5 .4 7
5 .9 3
5 .7 0
5 .9 8
5 .3 6
5 .2 9
6 .5 4

275
159
96
454
296
129
11
50
48
1,002
858
140
126
120
193
189
"

5 .6 9
5 .5 0
5.91
5 .2 5
5 .5 3
4 .4 9
6 .2 0
6 .21
6 .2 3
4 .3 2
4 .4 4
3 .62
5 .0 7
4 .9 8
5 .0 4
5 .0 6
~

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

Table 1. Occupational averages: Union and nonunion combined— Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o ne m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
S o u th
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A p p r e n ti c e s — C o n tin u e d
—
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ................. ..............................
C c o m m e rc ia l............................................................. .
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s _____________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s _________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _________ _____________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _______________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _______________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________

B a lti m o r e

A tla n ta
A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

46
46

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

$ 3 .9 6
3.9 6

-

85
85
128
128

-

.

-

$ 5 .4 6
5.4 6
3.71
3.71

627
450
166

-

4 .0 1
4 .1 4
3 .7 0

-

7 ,293
5 ,232

236
206

6 ,037
3 ,3 0 8
32
720
936
1,041
355
104
251
274
100

-

-

610
647
804
232
102

3.2 7
2 .7 3
3 .0 8
3.4 0
3 .3 7

-

-

545
312
233

3 .5 0
3 .7 3
3 .2 0

4 .1 6
4 .6 7
3 .2 3
3 .4 4
3.47
3 .6 9
2 .8 2
2 .8 2
2.8 2
3.70
3 .9 9

-

360

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs
J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n .....................
C a r p e n t e r s _____________________ _______
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) —
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ............................. ....
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _____ ____
C e m e n t m a s o n s _______________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) —
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s _________________
C o m m e r c i a l ____________1___________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e ,




2 ,4 7 9
1,490
251
724
10
8,552
4 ,2 2 0
350
3 ,526
81
375
1,952
1,191
112
405
205
39
7,1 9 3
6 ,6 8 3
230
280
189
115
54

A v e ra g e
h o u rly
e a rn in g s

$ 9 .5 2
9.50
9.5 0
9 .5 4
9.65
9.16
9.15
9.16
9.16
9.26
9.25
9.09
9.0 8
9.10
9.10
9.09
9.17
9.05
9.09
8.84
8.21
9.17
9.1 8
9.13

834
525
-

168
-

1,875
1,223
54
509
-

353
285
-

47
-

1,005
906

D e tro it

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 9 .4 9
9.4 9
-

9 .4 8
-

9.56
9.72
9 .7 0
9.15
-

10.06
10.48
-

8.66
-

9.52
9 .5 9

_

4 .3 8
4 .3 2

-

-

_
_

-

4 .8 2
5 .9 0
5 .6 4
4 .4 3
3.16
3 .3 9
4 .2 9
6 .0 9
3.96
3 .7 4

4 ,8 4 5
1,451
822
1,484
424
664
500
77
423
460
-

_
_

12,906
6,341
530
3,237
844
1,954
1,147
543
590
735
344
359

-

37 8

4 .2 5
4 .1 6
4 .3 8
4 .0 6
4 .0 2
4 .0 7

3 .4 4

4 .7 8
5 .49
4 .7 5
3 .7 4
4 .2 8
4 .4 3
3.50
3 .63
3.37
3.85
4 .1 4
3.63

W e st

C le v e la n d
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

4 .3 8

-

289
33

N o rth C e n t r a l
C h ic a g o

-

$4.7 1
4.81
6.12
6.12

762
324
388
879
300
576

5 .9 9

-

2 .8 2
2 .5 8
2.61
2.91
2 .9 0
2.9 1
3 .6 0
3.8 7
3 .4 8

894
1,542
1,443
588
212
376
471
145
326

"

121

4 .0 0
4 .7 3
3.3 2
3.1 5
2.9 6
3.41
4 .5 9

589
299
188
72
30
6 ,4 2 6
2 ,5 4 7

251
232
31
31

-

-

-

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

$ 6 .4 6
6 .4 6

_

4 .5 4
4 .7 7

-

-

-

3 .9 4
4 .3 0

-

4 .9 6
4 .9 6

W a sh in g to n
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

12
12

$ 4 .9 5

-

3.52
3.66
3 .2 8

-

-

M ia m i
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

88

-

450
274
173

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

270
270

.

-

D a lla s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers
1,852
1 ,478
-

152
-

4 ,4 9 9
1,772
-

2 ,5 2 3
-

100
819
535
-

106
141
37
1,693
1,539
-

D enver

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 8 .8 8
8 .8 8
-

8 .8 8
-

8.73
8.73
-

8.73
-

8.72
7.91
8 .0 8
-

6 .5 8
8.2 0
8 .1 0
9.01
9 .0 9

-

-

154

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8.16

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

626
238
-

388
-

3,9 6 5
1,351
-

2 ,531
-

30
573
232
-

239
-

1,092
968
-

124
88
66

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 8 .1 6
8.25
-

8.1 0
-

7 .0 0
7 .4 5
-

6 .7 5
-

6 .8 7
6 .4 9
6 .7 6
-

6 .3 4
_
-

7 .5 5
7 .7 2
-

6.2 1
7 .8 3
7 .8 4

L o s A n g e le sL ong B e a c h
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

815
683
-

7 ,7 7 3
3 ,8 9 8
-

3,411
94
335
1,586
771
-

391
249
155
2 ,747
2 ,201
-

342
39
39

$ 7 .9 6
7 .9 9
-

7 .0 5
7 .05
-

7 .0 4
7 .05
7 .06
6.37
6 .3 6
-

6 .4 4
6 .36
6 .37
8.97
9 .00
-

8.72
9 .6 8
9 .6 8

San F r a n c i s c o —
O a k la n d
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
w o rk e rs

343
283
-

6 ,8 4 4
3,413
_

2 ,6 8 9
92
330
981
521
-

131
138
61
1,761
1,571

$ 8 .7 3
8.73
-

8.14
8.12
_

8.17
8.10
8 .10
7.45
7 .4 4
-

7 .3 9
7 .6 4
7 .3 9
8.55
8.56

82
82
_
-

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 7 .9 8
7 .9 8
_
-

1,582
1,039

7.10
7 .1 4

316

7.07

_

_
_

195
149
_
_
_
_

751
711

_
_
_

7.17
7.12
_
_
_
-

8.15
8.13

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

190

-

Se a tt le — ve r e tt
E
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

8.50

Table 1. Occupational averages: Union and nonunion combined— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
N o rth C e n t r a l
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

W e st

C le v e la n d

C h ic a g o
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

D e tr o it
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g 8

D enve r
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

L os A n g e le sLong B each
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

S an F r a n c i s c o —
O a k la n d
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
w o rk ers

Se a tt l e — v e r e tt
E
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

J o u r n e y m e n — C o n tin u e d
P i p e f i t t e r s _________________________ ______ ____
C o m m e r c i a l ________ _________ ____________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
P lu m b e rs
__
_
_.
C o m m e rc ia l
_ . ....
_
_
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o fe rs
...
_
_ _ __
_
C o m m e rc ia l
. _
. . .
_ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s _____________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________

2 ,6 6 5
2 ,3 9 6
181
3 ,4 5 6
2 ,0 1 6
1 ,2 1 4
1,471
1,155
316
2 ,6 8 6
2 ,1 8 4
44 2
1,9 7 0
1,5 5 4
242

$ 9 .3 6
9.36
9 .3 9
9 .6 0
9.61
_
9.57
8.70
8.94
7.81
9.23
9.26
9.1 0
9 .5 8
9.6 0
9 .4 8

538
536
693
504
98
199
126
_
577
481
74
340
185
-

$ 9 .5 4
9 .5 4
9 .0 4
9 .4 2
6 .5 5
1 0 ,09
10 .1 8
9 .8 9
9 .8 9
9 .8 8
9 .4 8
9 .4 9
-

1,035
977
1,137
787
334
396
386
1,075
795
2 68
939
939
“

$ 8 .8 9
8 .9 9
8.96
8.97
8.9 4
8.4 9
8.4 8
8.80
8.83
8.71
8.41
8.41

228
585
193
362
207
175
32
485
407
78
-

$ 8 .0 5
7 .8 0
8.0 5
7.7 7
6.9 1
7.1 7
5.53
7 .7 0
7 .9 9
6 .0 2
-

1,725
1,136
589
2 ,1 5 7
851
1,096
1,247
715
532
1,860
1,519
221
631
593
29

$ 8 .6 0
8.61
8.59
8.30
8.59
8.01
7 .3 4
7.31
7 .3 8
8.71
8.74
8.47
8.74
8.74
8.78

225
196
29
1,371
491
245
635
545
142
403
735
394
261
150
126
-

$ 8 .4 6
8.49
8.23
8 .58
8.56
8.62
8.59
8.10
8.02
8.13
8.10
8.27
7.82
8 .78
8.78
“

206
180
192
192
120
82
364
362
167
167
“

$ 8 .0 6
8.06
8.15
8.15
6 .8 9
6 .6 5
8.01
8.01
7.41
7.41
“

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s _________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n --------------------------

705
171
66
62
40 6
941
212
66
339
321
1,892
7 34
229
665
264

9.42
9.3 0
8.99
9.43
9.5 4
9.07
9 .0 8
8.8 9
8.97
9 .1 9
6.27
6 .4 0
6 .2 9
6.1 7
6 .1 2

169
54
115
434
43
72
310
165
19
56
90

8 .4 3
8.6 6
8.3 3
8 .5 4
9 .4 4
8 .3 9
8.5 3
6 .3 2
6 .7 2
6 .2 8
6 .2 7

547
163
91
283
751
144
281
299
478
122
184
172

8.0 0
8.31
7 .2 2
8.0 4
7 .8 7
7 .8 3
7.5 5
8.1 0
7 .1 5
7 .2 6
7 .2 5
6 .9 7

309
34
62
195
357
224
504
32
402
45

6 .2 3
6 .4 3
5 .3 9
6 .4 5
5.6 2
5 .5 8
5 .2 6
4 .8 6
5 .2 3
5 .5 8

589
72
62
4 03
4 34
53
26
293
68
22

8.12
8.12
8.13
8.13
8.17
8.16
8.16
8.18
6.. 86
6 .83

367
116
41
76
134
308
74
132
70
467
77
2 82
76

8.65
8.69
8.60
8.65
8.64
8.27
8.31
8.26
8.26
6 .8 8
6.97
6 .7 6
7.17

227
110
176
86
82
236
137
92

8.03
7 .8 8
8.01
8 .05
7 .9 9
7 .5 7
7 .6 3
7 .4 9

321
154
121
717
331
28
346
12
120
59
51
6
987
923
176
172

6.61
6.8 3
6 .4 6
6 .1 9
6.2 7
6 .3 3
6 .0 6
7.3 2
7.21
7 .0 8
7.4 7
7.1 3
6 .0 8
6 .1 6
6 .4 9
6 .4 9
5 .9 5
5.1 7
6.61
6.72
6 .6 9
“

21
103
90
13
12
Ill
99
114
113

4 .6 1
5 .7 5
5.71
7 .2 0
7 .3 2
5.7 1
5 .6 7
7 .9 9
7 .9 8
7 .0 5
6 .8 7
"

150
114
549
112
430
14
432
408
84
80

5.9 3
6 .0 5
6 .2 3
6.11
6 .2 5
7 .1 6
6 .6 3
6 .7 5
5 .8 8
5.87
5 .9 9
5 .9 6
6 .0 9
6.61
6 .6 1
■

52
34
18
166
67
75
11
7
283
247
70
156
19
137
148
136
"

6 .3 3
6 .0 5
6 .8 4
5 .4 4
5 .1 6
5 .5 9
4 .9 6
5 .1 0
4 .5 9
4 .7 8
5 .5 6
5 .5 0
5 .9 5
5 .4 4
4 .8 2
4 .8 2

101
81
863
373
391
40
59
106
11
428
311
49
302
151
151
420
94
28 4
129
48
“

5 .56
5.43
4 .9 3
5.13
4 .7 0
4 .81
5.27
5 .3 8
4 .3 6
5 .86
5.91
5.17
5.91
5 .53
6 .3 0
5 .1 9
5 .88
4 .9 5
5.07
5.17
"

35
1,139
437
663
37
34
24
441
361
80
23
20

6 .13
5.71
5.62
5 .7 8
5.47
5 .95
5 .7 3
5 .5 9
5.52
5.93
6 .1 0
6.11
5.72
5 .5 0
5.92
5.77
5.44
5.92

183
94
103
103
24
24

5 .1 8
5.02
5.81
5.81
5 .5 9
5 .5 9

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l -----------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C a r p e n t e r s ___________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _______________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
C e m e n t m a s o n s ---------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ________________________ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -------- ------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s ________________________ __________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------P i p e f i t t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------P l u m b e r s -------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l --------------------------- ----------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------R o o f e r s __1------- --------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




-

364
157
195
23 5
224
"

-

132
115
"

-

188
151
37
178
178
“

-

157
58
94
120
38
82

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

Table 1. Occupational averages: Union and nonunion combined— Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
N o r th C e n t r a l

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A p p r e n tic e s— C o n tin u e d
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l __________________________ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s _____________________
C o m m e r c i a l ----------------------------------------------H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s ........... ............. ................... —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s -----------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) -------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .................
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y -----------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ____________ ____________
C o m m e r c i a l ----------------------------------------------E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e l p e r s --------------------C o m m e r c i a l ----------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) -------------P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ----------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

W est
D e tro it

C le v e la n d

C h ic a g o
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um be r
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

D enver
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

L os A n g e le sL ong B e a c h
N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
e a rn in g s
w o rk e rs

San F r a n c i s c o —
O a k la n d
A v e ra g e
N um ber
h o u r ly
of
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

S e a ttle — v e r e t t
E
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

381
311
70
24
24

$ 5 .6 5
5 .5 8
5.9 8
6 .9 8
6 .9 8

47
47
34
"

$ 5 .9 6
5.96
6 .0 8
-

88
88
160
160

$ 4 .9 8
4 .9 8
6 .6 3
6 .6 3

149
93
129
122

$ 4 .2 0
4 .7 0
5 .8 0
5 .7 9

239
163
36
60
60

$ 6 .0 1
5.92
5 .89
6 .9 5
6.95

121
50
51
-

$ 4 .5 7
4.81
4 .0 7
~

68
68
-

$ 5 .8 6
5.86
_

63
63
15,778
7,8 4 6
554
3,144
1,850
2 ,3 8 4
119
56
161
97
47
-

5.09
5.0 9
6.9 0
6.87
6.91
6.8 9
6.8 8
7.02
4.8 3
6.05
6 .3 8
6 .3 8
6.3 7
-

31
31
3 ,2 1 9
1,667
162
242
539
609
-

5.26
5.26
7 .3 9
7.57
7.6 3
7.32
6 .9 9
7.1 9
-

7 ,9 0 1
4 ,0 6 3
775
1,208
1,657
-

6 .6 8
6.97
6 .6 9
6.1 7
6.31
-

402
134
268
289
275
4 ,4 5 5
1,426
1,854
604
508
30
315
308

5.21
5.35
5.1 4
3.9 6
3 .8 8
4 .1 9
4 .7 3
3 .5 4
4 .4 4
4 .6 6
5.43
3.92
3 .8 9

513
434
6 ,3 7 8
3 ,0 5 4
111
941
771
1,501
33
33
157
157

6 .1 0
6.15
5.61
5.61
4 .7 3
5.64
5.65
5.65
6 .7 8
6 .7 8
3.51
3.51

3 ,4 7 0
1,477
772
406
700
-

5.53
5 .54
5 .54
5.46
5.54
-

1,2 90
5 82
94
174
440
-

5.71
5.85
4.05
5.86
5.82
-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if ts .
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d on d i s t a n c e b e tw e e n lo c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s a nd th e
c o n s tr u c ti o n s it e ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f t h is s u r v e y . E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e a nd c o m p o s itio n of th e w o rk f o r c e ,
r a t h e r t h a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
NOTE:




D a s h e s in d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

Table 2. Occupational averages: Union
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu pation s, co n stru ction in d u s trie s , s e le c te d m e tro p o lita n a re a s w ith one m illio n o r m o r e inhabitants, S e p te m b e r 1973)

N o rth e a s t

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ------ ------------ ----------------------------C o m m e r c ia l ---- __ —
__ — _ ------------R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ____ — __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C a r p e n t e r s ________ _________ _____________ __
C o m m e r c ia l - ________ _ _______ __ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ____ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________ _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ______ _______________ ,_
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _______ _________
C e m e n t m a s o n s ____ ______ ________________
C o m m e r c ia l - __ _____________ — _ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) - ________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y - —
_ __ ______ __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n __ ______________
E l e c t r i c i a n s . _______
____ ______________
C o m m e r c ia l - ________ __________ _________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ___________ ______________
P i p e f i t t e r s ___________________________ ____ __
C o m m e r c ia l __________ _______ __________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
P l u m b e r s - -------------------- -------------------- —
C o m m e r c ia l - ________ _______ _________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o f e r s — ----------------------- ------------- ----------------C o m m e r c ia l __________________ ____________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s _________________________
C o m m e r c ia l ____________ __ -------- ----------S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ------------ - ---------------C o m m e r c ia l ____ ___— ___________________
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------C om m ey c
i
„„ u .j,, .
,,
.._
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ___ _____________ ____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n __________ _______
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------- __
C o m m e r c ia l ________________________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ------------ -----------T r u c k d r i v e r s _____ -___________________________
C o m m e r c ia l --------------------------- -----------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ------- ------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n __________________
A pp r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ------ ---------- — — -------------------C o m m e r c ia l ------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------C a r p e n t e r s ---------------------------- _ —----------C o m m e r c ia l ------- —
--------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ------ ------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------C e m e n t m a s o n s -----------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l ---- — ------------ ------- ------------ —

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .




N a s s a u — u ffo lk
S

B o s to n

O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e

602
577
2 ,6 8 9
2 ,4 4 0
_
156
43 7
398
31
-

1 ,3 3 6
1 ,2 6 4
617
611
_
676
553
_
356
356
700
700
1 ,6 9 6

218
150
15
53
275
135
96
44
208
74
129

35
35
-

135
127
17
16

A v e ra g e
h o u rly
e a rn in g s

$ 8 .7 0
8.70
8.80
8.79
_
8.85
8.93
8.93
8.83
-

9.09
9.09
9.59
9.59
_
9.26
9.2 4
8.85
8.85
9.24
9.24
8.40
-

9.11
9.11
9.11
9.11
9.0 7
9.11
9.02
9.0 9
6.0 0
6.4 0
5.75

5.93
5.84
-

5.9 7
5.94
7.20
7.29

N um ber
of
wo r k e r s

973
964
1 ,8 1 0
533
_
1, 172
86
188
147
7
962
882
486
474
_
460
396
203
142
345
337
-

N e w a rk

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 8 .9 7
8 .9 7
8.93
8.81
_
8 .9 7
9 .0 0
8.35
8.35
8.35
9 .2 4
9 .5 7
8.65
8.65
_
9 .1 4
9 .1 4
8 .4 8
8.35
9.53
9.5 3
_
-

171
22
101
221
110
448
288
139

-

56
13
-

9 .7 6
9 .8 2
9 .7 5
8 .5 8
8.5 7
7.36
-

7.34
7.3 8

-

6.0 2
5.7 2
-

N um ber
of
wo r k e r s

411
411
785
662
206
204
-

N ew 'Y ork
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

$ 9 .3 4
9 .3 4
9 .2 8
9 .2 8
9.33
9.3 3
-

N um ber
of
wo r k e r s

2, 136
1 ,3 3 8
699
7 ,0 2 2
3 ,4 9 2
2, 532
428
493
1, 168
477
29

P h ila d e l p h ia
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

716
716
469
469
310
304
85
85
303
294
245
212

9.5 9
9.5 9
8.82
8.82
8.65
8.65
9 .6 8
9 .6 8
8.75
8.75
8.80
8.80

7, 670
5, 177
2 ,4 8 9
4 ,6 8 0
4 ,5 1 6
164
3 ,8 8 1
2 ,4 4 5
1, 178
258
436
436
1 ,5 0 6
1 ,4 5 2
698
679

$ 8 .8 7
8.85
8.95
9 .04
9.03
9 .0 8
8.84
9.15
8.32
8.34
8.38
8.82
8.82
8.84
8 .57
8.57
8.66
8.78
8.85
8.73
8.31
8.58
8.58
10.79
10.79
9.55
9.55

64
8
20
36
56
36
-

10.28
10.28
10.28
10.28
7.96
6.1 4

-

-

-

454
122
45
262
161
57
53
45
774
335
195
244

9.95
10.07
9 .8 8
9 .8 7
9 .3 8
9.86
9 .30
8.68
7.28
7.44
7.11
7.18

578
215
217
78
573
205
213
56
1 ,0 7 3
458
434
128

9 .4 7
9.51
9.46
9.36
8.59
8.61
8.64
8.40
6 .10
6.12
6 .0 7
6.22

-

-

89
63
26
451
191
229
35
11

6.23
6.32
6.01
6.15
5.96
6.41
7.23
6.63

23
23

6.35
6.35

-

-

-

-

1 ,8 0 6
1 ,6 4 2
140
3 ,6 7 7
2, 843
602
134
92
1 ,0 3 0
862
76
2, 174
2 ,1 7 4
293
1 ,6 7 8
1 ,6 2 2
2 , 031
1 ,8 9 1
377
197
941
833
520
512

$9.0 3
9.03
9 .04
8.85
8.84
8.76
9.03
9 .34
8.06
8.07
8.01
10.09
10.09
9.25
9.51
9.52
9 .54
9.54
7.29
8.81
10.01
10.01
9.22
9.21

-

198
144
52
30
14

-

5 .60
5.63
5.49
7.30
7.01

Table 2. Occupational averages: Union— Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
Northeast
Nassau-Suffolk

Boston

Occupation2 and type
Number
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

Newark

Average
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

New York
A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

Philadelphia

A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

Average
hourly
earnings

Apprentices— Continued
404
374

$5.83
5.78

370
300

$5.68
6.16

68
68

$6.60
6.60

88
88
99
93

6.12
6.12
6.04
6.04

73
73
88
84

6.47
6.47
6.33
6.37

24
24

5.61
5.61

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
4.90
4.93

_
_

56
56
119
119
147
115

6.60
6.60
6.84
6.84
6.01
6.12

141
136

7.05
7.05

495
495

7.85
7.85

4,690
3,286
174

6.75
6.82
6.81

3,671
1,614

467
747

6.30
6.71

63
1,221
753

_
94
93

_
81
75

5.91
5.93
_

_

2,925
1, 718
1,199
429
421
479
358
65
39
39
150
132

$4.42
4.47
4.36
5.03
5.01
4.91
4.77
4.89
4.48
4.48
6.43
6.49

_

_

264
264

$5.90
5.90

160
153
172
172

5.63
5.63
6.24
6.24

_
_
43
35

_
_
6.78
6.61

_

_

H elpers and la b o rers:

rm tafm rH nn la h n rp r« .
RaaiJpnHal (*»
n r mnrpJ
PaaiilanHal |1aaa Hian •» atnriaa)
n th a r haavy mnatrnrtinn
Plawatnr rnnatrnrfnra * halpara .

6.80
7.32

_
_
1,688
1,226

_
_
6.78
6.88

1,303
951
302
6,681
3.689
362

7.11
6.35
6.37

286
176

6.39
6.74

732
1,799

7.83
7.80
7.90
7.50
7.58
7.66
550
7.47
7.30

690
600

6.73
6.81

7,403
4,256

6.40
6.55

1,879
691
140

5.65
6.47
5.95
6.48

South
Atlanta
Number
of
w orkers
Journeymen:
R rirlrlayara
...
rn m m a rcia l
RpaiHantial (laaa than •» atnriaa)
rarpantara
('n m m arH al
RaaiiianHal (•? atnriaa nr m n ra)
RpaiHantial (laaa than •» atnriaa)
DtKar tiaavy mnatrnrtinn
r.amant ma anna i
Cnmnnarrial
RpaiHantial (•» atnriaa nr m n ra )
RpaiHantial (laaa than *» atnriaa)
F la rtriria n a
rn m m a rri al
.
P ipafittara
fn m m a rria l
'Pltrmhara .....
Cnm inarri al
Rnnfara . __
_____
rn m m a rria l
filiaat matal amrltara .
fn m m a r r i al
StTiirtn-ral imn amrlrara
CnmmarHal

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e s .




Dallas

B altim ore
A verage
hourly
earnings

Number
of
w orkers

Number
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

M iam i
Average
hourly
earnings

448
448

$7.80
7.80

338
261

$8.85
8.77

274
274

$7.87
7.87

1,192
1,116

7.65
7.65

754
700

7.89
7.89

1,333
1,327

7.38
7.39

_
_
183

_

460
447

_
_
7.05
7.05

_
_
278
278

_
_
7.07
7.07

1,398
1,301
465
465
408
408
102
102
228
228
440
440

8.65
8.85
8.20
8.20
8.20
8.20
5.95
5.95
7.85
7.85
7.50
7.50

603
603
173
173

8.39
_
_

_

_

8.50
8.50
8.41
8.41

779
779
182
182
360
360

_
_
_

438
438
650
650

8.17
8.17
7.96
7.96

_

7.78
7.78
7.75
7.75
7.76
7.76

_

382

_
_

Number
of
w orkers

Washington
A verage
hourly
earnings

233
176
57
2,161
1, 115
493
408
145
256
138
40
74
905
699
54

$8.60
8.60
8.60
8.44
8.45
8.45
8.45
8.37
8.57
8.62
8.60
8.60
8.83
8.83
9.29
9.24
9.24
8.02
8.02

469
241 •
165
155

7.67

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

Number
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earnings

1,502
824

$8.73
9.06

2,224
2,022

8.11
8.11

_
87
365
349

_
8.12
8.05
8.05

_

780
754
322
322
458
446
210
174
567
543
187
180

8.48
8.54
8.88
8.88
8.96
8.96
7.16
7.14
8.64
8.64
8.70
8.70

Table 2. Occupational averages: Union— Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu pation s, co n stru ction in d u s trie s , s e le c te d m e tro p o lita n a re a s w ith one m illio n o r m o r e in h abitan ts, S e p te m b e r 1973)

S o u th
O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s — C o n tin u e d
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s _________________
C o m m e r c i a l --------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ________
B u l ld o z e r s ___________________________
C om m e r ci a l
—---------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _______ _______
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n .. ........ ....
T r u c k d r i v e r s ........................
C o m m e r c ia l _______
__
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ______________
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s _____________ ___ ____— ——
C o m m e r c i a l ........... ...... ......... .................
C a r p e n t e r s -------------------------------- ------C o m m e r c ia l ______________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ,
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n .. .... .... .
C e m e n t m a s o n s ........... —.....—
-------------C o m m e r c ia l..----------------- -----— -----E l e c t r i c i a n s --------- -------- ------------------C o m m e r c i al__________ __ - ... —
P i p e f i t t e r 8 ______________ —-------------C o m m e r c i a l ----------- ...— —------- —
P l u m b e r s ______ ______ —. ..— -----------C o m m e r c i a l -----------______
R o o f e r s ____ ______ _____________---------C o m m e r ci a l,
-—----------------S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s -----------------------C o m m e r c i al------ ------- -------------- ----S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ______________
C o m m e r c ia l-,.-------- ............................ .
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r i c k la y e r s 1 h e lp e r s ------...
C o m m e r c ia l ...——----- ---------------_.....
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ----------------------C o m m e r c ia l—- ....
--- ----- ------R e s id e n tia l
s to rie s o r m o re )_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ---------------------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ,. ______
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s -------- — ---------C o m m e r c ia l - - ......—
—...
P l u m b e r s 1 h e l p e r s ---------------------------C o m m e r c ia l ....................... .—

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

$ 7 .1 5
7.75

186
126

188

_
_
_

_
_
_

203

-

"

111

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

5 .4 7
5 .6 7
4 .9 7
4 .9 7
4 .4 7
4 .4 7

646
594
114
114
126
126
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_

-

_
_

_
_
_
_

_

280
280

“

_

_

69
69
46
46

_

_

4 .9 2
5 .0 0

3 ,1 5 0
2 ,9 5 2
_

2 ,2 0 5
1 ,3 4 8

_
_

_
_

_
_

630
227

_
_

_
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
_

_

102

_
_

_
_
_

_
-

N um ber
of
w o rk ers
Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k la y e r s
---------------------C o m m e r c ia l - .................... ■ ■
■ —.......
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n —...— —,
S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e s .




2 ,4 7 9
1 ,4 9 0
251
724
10

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

_
_
_

-

"

_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

98
98

-

_
_

5 .0 0

84
_
_

-

_

-

_

_
_
_
_

_
_

$ 9 .5 2
9 .5 0
9 .5 0
9 .5 4
9 .6 5

834
525
_
168
-

.
-

"

5.44
6 .09
6.09

_

5 .96
6 .2 2

-

-

107
77
77

-

5 ,6 2 2
4 , 185

6 .1 7
6.21
6 .2 0
6 .2 0

_

-

_
_
_

_
-

5 .2 8
5 .3 0
6 .12
6 .12

_
-

-

2 ,4 3 0
1 ,2 5 0
632
441

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

3 .6 2
4 .6 3

-

-

.

5 .3 0
5 .3 0
5 .0 6
5 .0 7

6 .2 0
6 .2 6
6 .2 9
4 .7 4
4 .7 4
4 .9 6
4 .9 6
5.24
5.24

164
160
31
31

-

142
142
1 ,7 5 1
1 ,7 3 9

_

6 .2 8
5 .9 8
6 .5 4
6 .5 4
6 .46
6 .4 6

-

"

4 .9 6
5 .6 4

-

145
101
19
16
12
12

_

11
40
38
658
628
117
117
163
163

5 .90
5.93

_
-

6 .0 7
6 .0 7

_
_

_

5 .9 5
5 .9 5
4 .7 9
4 .7 9

285
231

-

-

_
_
_

-

4 .7 4
4 .7 4

211
211

5 .7 8
5 .7 8

_

5 .7 9
5 .3 8
5 .7 8
5.79

_

_
_

_

7.43
5 .3 8
5.51
-

102
36
283
254

6.16
6.21
6 .0 4
6.19

_
_

-

174
794
362
"

_

394
179
61
142

$ 7 .8 6
8.14
7.66
7.81
8.11

_
_

-

5 .6 8
5 .6 8
5.41
5.43

34
34
178
172

_

-

-

6.41
6.41

_
_

5 .36

570
_
_

_

_
_

50
50

“

5 .7 8
5 .7 8

W est
D enver

D e tro it

C le v e la n d
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

-

7.52
6 .29

-

N o rth C e n t r a l
C h ic a g o

6 .4 7

_

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

289
116
144
399
168

_

11
64

_

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

$ 7 .1 4
8.06

_

-

_

_

_

5 .1 9

_

82
23

$ 7 .1 7
7.1 7

_
_
_

_

_

51
51

W a sh in g to n
A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

_
_

5 .2 8

_

M ia m i
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

20
20

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

$ 7 .4 2

_
_

_
_
_
_

5.29
5.32

N um ber
of
wo r k e r s

_
_
_

_
_

_

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

_
_
_

_

93
83

D a lla s

B a ltim o r e

A tla n ta

.A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 9 .4 9
9 .4 9
9 .4 8
"

1 ,8 4 3
1 ,4 7 8
143
-

$ 8 .8 8
8 .8 8
8 .8 7

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

560
238
322

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 8 .1 9
8.2 5
8 .1 4
-

L os A n g e le sL ong B e a c h
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

795
683
-

$ 7 .9 9
7.99
-

San F ra n c is c o —
O a k la n d
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

343
283
~

$ 8 .7 3
8.73
-

S e a ttle — v e r e t t
E
N um be r
of
w o rk ers

82
82
_
-

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

$ 7 .9 8
7.98
-

Table 2. Occupational averages: Union— Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e l e c t e d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
N o r th C e n t r a l
O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

C h ic a g o
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

J o u r n e y m e n — C o n tin u e d
C a rp e n te rs
_
—
C o m m e r c ia l ___ _
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) —
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c tio n —.---- -----------------C em ent m aso n s
. ...
.....
C o m m e r c i al
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )

8 ,5 4 6
4 ,2 2 0
350
3 ,5 2 0
81
375
1 ,9 5 2
1 ,1 9 1
112
405
205
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n , — .—_______ ■
—
39
E le c tr ic ia n s .
7 ,1 0 9
6 ,6 8 3
C o m m e r c ia l_
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
230
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
196
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s •
189
115
,
C o m m e r c ia l_
54
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
P ip e fitte rs
2 ,6 6 5
2 ,3 9 6
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n ............ --------------- 181
P lu m b e rs
3 ,4 3 7
C o m m e r c ia l —
2 ,0 1 6
_
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
1, 195
R o o fe rs .
1 ,3 0 1
1 ,0 9 5
C o m m e r c ia l ______
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
206
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ..
2 ,6 7 6
2 ,1 8 4
C o m m e r c ia l ———
.
432
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
• 1 ,9 7 0
1 ,5 5 4
C o m m e r c ia l
242
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _____

W est
D e tr o it

C le v e la n d

D enver

L os A n g e le sL o n g .B e a c h
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

San F ra n c is c o —
O a k la n d
N um ber
A v erag e
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs
e a rn in g s

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um be r
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 9 .1 6
9 .1 5
9 .1 6
9 .1 6
9 .2 6
9.2 5
9.09
9 .0 8
9 .1 0
9 .1 0
9 .0 9
9 .1 7
9 .0 8
9 .0 9
8 .8 4
9.01
9 .1 7
9 .1 8
9.1 3
9 .3 6
9 .3 6
9 .3 9
9 .6 2
9.61
9.6 3
9 .1 0
9 .1 0
9 .0 8
9 .2 4
9 .2 6
9 .1 5
9 .5 8
9 .6 0
9 .4 8

1, 759
1 ,2 2 3
54
393
_
341
285
47
947
866
-

$ 9 .7 2
9 .7 2
9 .7 0
9 .7 5
10.20
10.48
_
8.66

4 ,4 4 2
1 ,7 7 2

2 ,9 2 8
1 ,3 2 8
30
45 8
198
976
896
80
88
66
228
439
193
246
147
139
8
435
407
28
"

$ 7 .5 8
7 .4 7
6 .8 7
6 .6 5
6 .7 7
7.66
7.8 4
5 .6 6
7.83
7.8 4
8 .0 5
8.0 5
8.05
.
8.05
7 .4 7
7.4 6
7.5 4
7.99
7.99
7.92
-

7, 703
3 ,8 9 8
3 ,3 4 1
94
335
1 ,5 6 6
771
391
2 49
155
2 ,6 3 1
2 , 129
298
39
39
1, 715
1, 126
589
1 ,7 2 1
807
704
1 ,2 0 7
675
532
1 ,8 2 8
1 ,5 0 7
201
622
584
29

$ 7 .0 5
7.05
7.06
7.05
7.06
6 .3 8
6 .36
6 .4 4
6 .36
6 .3 7
9 .09
9 .0 9
9 .0 9
9 .6 8
9 .6 8
8.61
8.62
8.59
8.62
8.62
8.62
7.36
7.35
7 .38
8.75
8.75
8.68
8.78
8 .78
8 .78

6 , 844
3 ,4 1 3
2, 689
92
330
981
521
131
138
61
1, 761
1 ,5 7 1

221
34
165
210
149
414

6 .4 4
6.4 3
6 .4 5
6 .3 0
6.3 1
5 .5 7

589
72
62
403
434
53
26
293
68

8.12
8.12

367
116
41
76
134
308
74
132
70
431
77

-

_
538
536
582
471
-

_
199
126
_
577
481
74
340
185

_
_
9 .5 4
9 .5 4
9.6 1
9.61
_
10.09
10.18
_
9 .8 9
9 .8 9
9 .8 8
9 .4 8
9 .4 9
-

993
977
1, 107
787
304
35 7
347
1 ,0 2 1
775
234
939
939
-

$ 8 .7 3
8.73
8.73
8.7 2
8.11
8 .0 8
8 .2 0
8.1 0
9.1 4
9.1 3
_
_
8.9 9
8.99
9.01
8 .9 7
9.1 3
8.7 9
8.79
8.83
8.83
8.85
8.41
8.41
"

8.43
_
8.6 6
8.33
8.6 0
9 .4 4
_
8.39
8.53
6 .2 7
6 .2 4

54 7
163
91
283
751
144
281
299
478
122

8 .0 0
8.31
7.22
8.0 4
7 .8 7
7.83
7.55
8 .1 0
7.15
7.26

-

9 .8 2
9 .8 2
-

-

2 ,4 6 6
100
733
535
141
37
1 ,5 9 3
1 ,5 0 9
-

-

190
225
196
29
1 ,3 7 1
491
245
635
545
142
403
638
394
164
150
126

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ___
C o m m e r c ia l
_ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ...........B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s . .
C o m m e r c ia l .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
T ru c k d riv e rs
C o m m e r c ia l .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

705
171
66
62
406
941
212
66
339
321
1 ,8 8 8
730
229
665
264

9 .4 2
9 .3 0
8.99
9.43
9 .5 4
9 .0 7
; 9 .0 8
8.89
8.9 7
9 .1 9
6 .2 7
6 .4 0
6.2 9
6 .1 7
6.1 2

169
54
115
425
43
_
72
310
156
10
56
90

6 .2 8
6 .2 7

184
172

7.25
6 .9 7

342
45

5 .5 7
5 .5 8

22

6.83
-

246
76

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs _
C o m m e r c ia l ——
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )

321
154
121

6.61
6.8 3
6 .4 6

21

4 .6 1

150
114

5.93
6 .0 5

45
34
11

6 .2 2
6 .0 5
6 .7 5

101
81

5.56
5.43

35

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8.13
8.13
8 .1 7
8.16
8.16
8 .18
6.86
-

-

-

S e a ttle — v e r e t t
E
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

$7.1 3
7.14
7.10
7.17
7.12
-

$ 8 .1 4
8.12
8 .1 7
8 .10
8.10
7.45
7.44
7.39
7.64
7.39
8.55
8.56
8.50
8.46
8.49
8.23
8 .58
8.56
8.62
8.59
8.10
8.02
8.13
8 .28
8.27
8 .38
8.78
8 .7 8
-

1 ,4 1 6
1 ,0 3 9
200
195
149
-

206
180
192
192
90
_
364
362
167
167
*

8.06
8.06
8.15
8.15
7.39
8.01
8.01
7.41
7.41
-

8.65
8.69
8.60
8.65
8.64
8 .2 7
8.31
8.26
8.26
7.11
6 .9 7

227
-

8.03
7.88
8.01
8.05
7.99
7.57

-

-

751
711
-

-

no
176
86
82
236
-

7.15
7.17

137
92

6.13

-

- -

-

8.15
8.13
-

-

7.63
7.49

-

Table 2. Occupational averages: Union— Continued
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
N o rth C e n t r a l
O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A p p r e n tic e s — C o n tin u e d
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l —
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C em ent m aso n s .
C o m m e r c ia l — .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
—
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n —
E le c tr ic ia n s
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) .
P ip e fitte rs
_ C o m m e r c ia l ___
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n .. .. —
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c ia l R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o f e r s __ .
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s -------- — ------—— -----------C o m m e r c ia l —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---- —— —
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
C o m m e r c ia l —
— —
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r ic k la y e r s ' h e lp e r s
—
C o m m e r c ia l R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s -----------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l------------- —
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
- —
_
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n — _
E le c tr ic ia n s ' h e lp e r s
.
.
—
C o m m e r c ia l ------------ _
—
—
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e l p e r s ---• C o m m e r c ia l -------- —
----- _
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) --------------P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s _
_
__ __

C h ic a g o
N um ber
of
w o rk ers
717
331
28
346
12
120 '
59
51
6
98 7
923
176
172
364
157
195
235
224
381
311
70
24
24

_
1 5 ,4 3 7
7 ,6 2 2
554
3 ,0 8 7
1 ,7 9 0
2 ,3 8 4
56
56
161
97
47
'

W est
D e tr o it

C le v e la n d

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

$ 6 .1 9
6 .2 7
6.33
6 .0 6
7.32
7.21
7.0 8
7 .4 7
7.13
6 .0 8
6 .1 6
6 .4 9
6 .4 9
5.9 5
5 .1 7
6.61
6 .7 2
6 .6 9
5.6 5
5 .5 8
5 .9 8
6 .9 8
6 .9 8

103
90
13
12
Ill
99
114
113
99
82
47
47
34

_
6.9 3
6.91
6.91
6.91
6 .9 4
7.02
6 .0 5
6 .0 5
6 .3 8
6 .3 8
6 .3 7

3, 129
1 ,6 3 9
162
218
501
609

'

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

D enver

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

L o s An g e le s —
L o n g 1le a c h
N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk ers
e a rn in g s

$ 5 .7 5
5.71
7.2 0
7.32
5.71
5 .6 7
_
7.99
7 .9 8
8.1 2
8 .1 0
_
5 .9 6
5 .9 6
6 .0 8
-

549
112
.
43 0
14
41 2
408
84
80
188
151
37
178
178
88
88
160
160

$ 6 .2 3
6.11
_
6 .2 5
7.1 6
6 .7 4
6 .7 5
5 .8 8
5 .8 7
5 .9 9
5 .9 6
6 .0 9
6.6 1
6.6 1
4 .9 8
4 .9 8
6 .6 3
6 .6 3

154
67
_
63
11
7
283
247
70
93
19
74
148
136
101
93
129
122

$ 5 .4 3
5 .1 6
5 .6 0
4 .9 6
5 .1 0
4 .5 9
4 .7 8
5 .5 6
5 .6 7
5 .9 5
5 .6 0
4 .8 2
4 .8 2
4 .6 8
4 .7 0
5 .8 0
5 .7 9

830
373
_
358
40
59
106
11
405
299
38
272
121
151
254
94
118
129
48
217
157
-

_
7.45
7 .6 0
7.63
7 .5 8
7 .1 8
7.19

7, 772
4 ,0 6 3
676
1 ,1 7 8
1 ,6 5 7

_
6 .7 2
6 .9 7
7.03
6 .2 2
6.3 1

258
134
124
2 ,5 9 3
1 ,3 9 6
174
497
463

5 .3 5
5 .3 5
5 .3 5
4 .7 0
4 .7 4
4 .7 2
4 .5 9
4 .7 1
5.4 3
5 .2 3

493
434
6 ,2 8 5
3 ,0 0 7
925
771
1 ,5 0 1
33
33
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
20

'

San F r a n c is c o O a k la n d
N um ber
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
w o rk ers

S e a tt l e — v e r e t t
E
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

$ 4 .9 3
5 .1 3
_
4 .6 8
4.81
5 .2 7
5 .3 8
4 .3 6
5 .9 6
6 .0 2
5 .16
5 .99
5 .6 0
6 .3 0
5 .5 9
5 .8 8
5 .4 7
5 .0 7
5 .1 7
6 .0 8
5 .9 4
-

1, 139
4 37
663
37
34
24
441
361
80
23
20
157
58
94
120
38
82
88
50
_
-

$ 5 .7 1
5.62
_
5 .7 8
5 .4 7
5 .95
5.73
5 .59
5 .52
5 .93
6 .1 0
6.11
5 .7 2
5 .5 0
5 .9 2
5 .7 7
5 .4 4
5 .92
5.03
4 .8 1
-

120
94
_
_
103
103
24
24
_
_
_
_
_
68
68
_
_

6.15
6 .15
5 .65
5.65
5 .65
5 .65
5 .65
6 .7 8
6 .7 8
-

3 ,4 5 2
1 ,4 7 7
772
388
700
-

5 .5 4
5 .5 4
5 .5 4
5 .5 4
5 .54
-

_
1 ,2 0 7
582

-

-

174
440

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s
$ 5 .0 1
5 .02
_
5.81
5.81
_
5 .59
5 .59
_
_
_
.
5 .86
5 .86
_
.
-

_
5 .84
5.85
-

5 .86
5 .82

'

-

-

-

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o r k a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s . Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d o n d i s ta n c e b e tw e e n lo c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s a n d th e
c o n s tr u c ti o n s i t e ) a r e i n c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f t h i s s u rv e y . E s t i m a t e s o f t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e a n d c o m p o s itio n o f th e w o rk f o r c e ,
r a t h e r t h a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
NOTE:




D a s h e s in d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

Table 3. Occupational averages: Nonunion
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o ne m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
N o rth e a s t
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

B o s to n

P h ila d ie lp h ia

N ew Y o rk

N e w a rk

N a s s a \i— u ffo lk
S

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um be r
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um be r
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

233
136
96

655
_
655
_
_
63
_
52
-

$ 5 .5 7
5.57
_
5.52
5.5 8
.
5.2 8
_
5.0 0
5.3 2
_

106
56
55
55
209
191
218
214
88
64
30

$ 5 .8 4
6 .1 0
6 .0 8
6 .0 8
5.20
5.08
5.6 4
5.6 3
5.11
5.27
4 .6 6
"

201
163
52
462
277
98
"

$6.0 2
6 .2 0
5.85
6.22
6.02
5.40
“

6 .8 4
5.05
“

”

-

J o u rn e y m e n :
_____________________
B r ic k la y e rs
C a r p e n t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C e m e n t m a s o n s _______________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
P i p e f i t t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
________
P lu m b e rs
_
_
__________
C o m m e r c ia l __ _________ _________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o f e r s __ ___ __ ____________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________
__ ________________
S h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r s .
_ ____ ___ ________
C o m m e r c i a l . __ __ ____________
____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

_
614
408
206
325
115
180
_
_
170
97
73

$ 6 .2 4
6 .2 2
6 .2 9
_
_
6 .1 0
6 .4 8
5.36
6 .3 5
6 .1 2
6 .4 2
_
_
5.21
5 .0 3
5 .4 3

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
___ __
___ ______
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s ______ i __________________
T ru c k d riv e rs .
_
_ _ _ _ _ ____ ___
C o m m e r c ia l __
_ _
___
____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n .
___
___

32
62
_
44

9 .3 3
7 .0 0
7 .2 9

■

"

16
20
"

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s . ____ ____________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ___ _____________________________
C o m m e r c ia l ............. .....
P l u m b e r s ___ _____ _______ ________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ______

226
114
287
227

4 .2 0
5.1 2
3.75
3.7 5

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

“

“

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s _________________________
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s ___ _____________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _______________________
C o m m e r c i a l ___ ________ ________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s _______________________
C o m m e r c i a l ____
__ _____ . . . __
____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ______ __
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ___________________________
C o m m e r c ia l . . .
____ __ ___________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

_

124
_

_
1 ,2 3 6
208
483
137
292
242
50
73
_

-

3 .7 3
.
_

4 .8 9
4 .3 5
4 .5 1
5 .6 3
3,2 7
3.2 2
3 .5 3
3.86
_




147
-

147
391
_

328
_

83
_
_

3.54
3.5 4
5.01
_

4 .9 8
-

2 .8 3
-

144
121

4 .6 3
4 .3 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

46
-

46

“
'

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

258
_
176
70
.
_
-

3.79
-

3.79

707
198
42 5
-

436
159
217

N um be r
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

222
832
198
554
126
66
366
250
63
56
516
114
402
256
180
118
62

5.64
6,32
5.29
5.04
5.65
6.35
7.17
5.22
5.31
5.35
5.36
5.34
6.49
5.02
5.33
4 .4 3

49
51
33

6 .28
4 .1 6
4 .5 9

72
51
51
235
195

4 .8 6
5.85
5.85
3.46
3.51

172
311
131
150
1 ,7 7 9
596
598
190
263
-

4 .1 0
4 .2 7
4 .92
3.80
3.75
4 .0 3
3.55
3.55
3.23
-

"

4 .5 4
4 .4 8
4 .61
-

3.45
3 .13
3.28

-

101
-

57

-

3.70
-

3.28

Table 3. Occupational averages: Nonunion— Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations, co n stru ctio n in d u s trie s , s e le c te d m e tro p o lita n a re a s w ith one m illio n o r m o r e in h abitan ts, S e p te m b e r 1973)

S o u th
A tla n ta

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
N um be r
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

W a sh in g to n

M ia m i

D a lla s

B a l ti m o r e

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s -----------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ---------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------C a r p e n t e r s -----------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------C e m e n t m a s o n s -------------------------- ---C o m m e r c ia l __ __ ____
__ _ ________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ..
_. ----O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
___ _ ___
C o m m e r c ia l _
__ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---- -----P i p e f i t t e r s ---------------------- -----------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _____________________ ________
P l u m b e r s _________ _______ - ------- -----------C o m m e r c i a l ______ _ --------------------------- _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------R o o f e r s -------------------------------------------------------- C o m m e r c i a l ___ __________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s -------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s --------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l ----------------------------------------- -

75
75
_
2, 143
1 ,4 1 2
_
704
212
136
_
206
148
_
_
644
349
295
230
209
_
387
126
258
_
-

$ 7 .9 3
7 .9 3
_
5.46
5.63
_
5.12
4 .0 4
4 .4 8
_
4 .9 8
4 .9 8
_
_
5.16
5.18
5.1 4
5.51
5.49
_
4.5 6
4 .3 6
4.6 7
_
-

48 5
_
1, 447
936
388
115
173
55
_
49
39
471
261
210
47
47
677
419
258
274
125
127
228
203
25
223
223

$ 7 .8 2
6 .1 4
6 .5 7
5.1 8
5.7 7
5.67
5 .9 3
_
6 .3 0
5.02
4 .9 3
5.21
4 .5 9
6 .8 9
6 .8 9
6 .0 0
6 .8 3
4 .6 7
5.1 0
5.27
4 .7 7
4 .9 4
5.02
4 .2 8
4 .0 3
4 .0 3

104
1, 634
530
792
128
124
685
130
228
282
45
40 3
259
144
634
238
396
272
272
38
17
21
-

$ 6 .8 4
5.22
5.7 8
5 .0 4
3.87
4 .9 7
4 .4 1
4 .4 7
5 .1 4
3.82
4 .3 0
4 .9 7
5.1 8
4 .6 1
5.36
5 .7 9
5 .1 0
4 .3 6
4 .3 6
4 .5 5
4 .7 7
4 .3 7
-

150
139
959
76
692
31
50
24
293
293
372
354
198
174
-

$ 7 .9 0
7.97
5 .44
6.01
5 .33
6 .2 0
5.63
4 .8 6
7.56
7.56
7.69
7.66
5.73
5.65
-

1, 192
741
392
3, 522
1, 108
69
2, 315
30
573
238
215
89
1, 021
547
442
173
137
1, 131
534
508
170
85
85
648
496
152
"

$ 8 .1 3
8 .14
8.06
5.86
6.22
5,66
5 .70
5 .20
6 .4 4
7.45
5 .88
5 .13
5 .79
6 .12
5 .40
6 .2 9
6 .2 0
5 .8 4
6 .3 0
5 .47
5 .19
5.11
5.27
5 .2 4
5 .35
4 .8 9
-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s _____________ __________
C o m m e r c i a l ----------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ----------- S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ---------------- --------------- O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ---------------------- --------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ----------------- ----------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n — -------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s — ----------- --------------- ------ -----C o m m e r c i a l ------------------ -------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ---- -----------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __
----------------

212
19
15
138
122
32
120
38
_
82
-

4 .4 9
4 .5 5
5.01
4.7 1
4.1 1
4 .6 3
3.30
3.37
.
3.26
-

169
25
119
208
109
171
_
48

5 .0 9
5 .1 3
5 .2 4
4 .9 3
5.2 5
3.70
3.21

400
18
82
298
227
44
133
104
96
"

3.39
4 .6 1
3.94
3.15
3.86
3.67
3.83
2.7 1
2 .7 1
"

98
97
65
63
"

4 .1 6
4 .16
3.32
3.30
-

393
152
40
36
161
321
94
48
151
326
28
145
138

5.56
5.52
5.39
5.09
5 .7 3
5 .3 3
5 .54
5 .19
4 .9 9
4 .1 7
4 .0 4
4 .3 5
3.90

62
32

4 .3 9
4 .1 0

60
50
_
355
295
303
172
131
16
16

4 .9 4
5 .0 4
3 .4 0
3.4 9
3.8 8
4 .4 7
3.11
3.3 9
3.3 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

173
123
50
171
42
129
344
230
110
9
30
26
-

5 .6 3
5 .5 3
5 .8 8
4 .3 7
3 .99
4 .4 9
3.52
3 .63
3.27
6.46
3 .99
3.98
-

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ------------- --------------- ---------- -----C o m m e r c i a l ---- _ ------ ----- —
----------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------- —
C a r p e n t e r s ------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l __
---------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------E l e c t r i c i a n s ----------- -----------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ----------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------P i p e f i t t e r s . — — ------------------------------------ —
P l u m b e r s .. ----------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ------ ---- ---------------------C o m m e r c i a l ________________
___________
S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f tab le.




-

146
-

-

3.40
-

-

Table 3. Occupational averages: Nonunion— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e l e c t e d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
S o u th
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

B a l ti m o r e

A tla n ta
N um ber
of
w o rk ers

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r ic k la y e rs ' h e lp e r s

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

_

_

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

_
_
_
448
272
173
_

R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
P l u m b e r s 'h e l p e r s
. .......
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )

_
$ 3 .9 8
4 .1 1
3.7 0
_

4, 143
2 ,2 8 0

3.1 9
3.3 9

610
607
646
223
93

3.27
2 .5 8
3 .0 0
3.42
3.4 0

545
312
233

R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ,
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ..........................
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ............
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_ .....
_____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ............
E le c tr ic ia n s ' h e lp e r s

_
601
42 4
166
_

3.50
3.7 3
3 .2 0

D a lla s

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

.
_
_
$ 3 .5 1
3.65
3.28
_
_
3.7 0
4 .0 0
3.2 3
3.4 4
3.1 8
3 .4 3
2.8 2
2.8 2
2.8 2
3.7 0
3.9 9

3 ,8 3 2
1, 960
32
720
306
814
355
104
251
274
100

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

M ia m i
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

_

_
_
_
$ 3 .6 8
4 .4 0
3.32
3.15
2 .9 6
2 .8 0
3.56

_
_
46 4
174
188
72
30
4 ,6 7 5
808
882
1, 542
1 ,4 4 3
588

2 .8 1
2 .5 8
2 .6 1
2 .9 1
2 .9 0
2 .9 1
3.6 0
3.87
3.4 8

212

376
471
145
326

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in e s

121

$ 5 .9 9

762
324
388
879
300
576
_
_
7 ,2 8 4
2, 156
203
2 ,9 8 7
554
1, 384
1, 119
543
562
685
294
359

$ 4 .2 5
4.16
4 .3 8
4 .06
4 .02
4 .0 7
_
_
3.87
4 .07
4 .5 9
3.65
3.57
4 .0 5
3.49
3.63
3.35
3.71
3.86
3.63

_

_
_
352
_
289
33
_
2 ,4 1 5
201

_
4 .3 7
_
4 .3 8
4 .32
_
3.46
3.97

1 ,0 4 3
424
557
423

3.69
3.16
2 .9 9
3.96

423
450
_
378

3.96
3.72
_
3.44

N o r th C e n t r a l
C h ic a g o
N um ber
of
w o rk ers
Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s _____________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . __ ____
C e m e n t m a s o n s ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
T T le e tr ir ia n s
.. _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
P lu m b e rs
..... ................. .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .

-

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

116
116
-

-

-

-

_

-

..

_

_

_

_
111

78
170

W e st3

C le v e la n d
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

W a s h in g to n
A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in a rs

D enver

D e tro it

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 7 .1 3
7 .1 3
_
_
_
_
6 .0 5
5 .7 9

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h
L

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

N um be r
of
w o rk e rs

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

57
57
-

$ 8 .6 8

100

6 .9 3

1, 037
1 ,0 1 4
115
81
116

$ 5 .3 6
5.33
5.85
5.48
6 .62

146
116
60

7.04
7.18
5.56

_

_
54
34

8 .6 8

-

_
_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

_

' S h e e t- m e ta l w o rk e rs
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )

$ 5 .6 5

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

88

.■

-

"

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

58
90
30

5 .7 0
5.31
3.82
4 .8 2

.
-

.
_

.
-

-

_
-

.

.
.
-

-

8 .1 1

_

7 .7 0

-

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

70
70
116
44
436
392

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 6 .4 2
6.42
_
6.24
6 .2 0

7.01
6 .90

_

_

-

-

-

.
_

/
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
R a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ...... ......
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
T ru c k d riv e rs
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )

. _

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s
_ . ...
....................
_ . ..
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __________
E le c tr ic ia n s . .
_ ___
_ ________
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th an 5 s to r i e s ) ..
. ..
P l u m b e r s ______________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le a s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____ . .

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




_

_
_

_

-

-

33
33
23

4 .9 7
4 .97
4 .0 4
5.18
4 .5 8
4 .5 8

11

166
166

Table 3. Occupational averages: Nonunion— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t —im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , s e le c te d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s w ith o n e m il li o n o r m o r e i n h a b i t a n t s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
t
N o r th C e n t r a l
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B ric k la v e rs * h e lp e r s
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s ..........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ___
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n

C h ic a g o
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

5 s to rie s )
_ _
_
5 s to r ie s ) .
____
5 s to r ie s )

_
_

63
63
341
224
57

W e st3

C le v e la n d
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s

$ 5 .0 9
5 .0 9
5 .4 9
5 .5 5
5.7 5

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

31
31
90

5 s to rie s )

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 5 .2 6
5 .2 6
5 .0 5

D e tro it
Num be r
of
w o rk ers

D enver
A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

~
”
129

$ 4 .3 4

99

4 .3 7

30

.”
4 .3 3

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

144
275
275
1 ,8 6 2
30
1 ,6 8 0
295
295

L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h
L
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

$ 4 .9 6
4 .9 6
3 .88
3 .88
3.47
4 .1 2
3.42
3 .7 3
3 .83
3.8 3

N um ber
of
w o rk ers

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

“
“

~
~
“

93
“ ‘
”
135
135

$ 3 .3 6
“
3 .4 3
3 .4 3

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o r k a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s . E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e
a n d c o m p o s itio n o f t h e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r t h a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
2 O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 O c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s p u b l is h a b le f o r a r e a s n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y in t h is t a b l e in c lu d e :
S e a t t l e - E v e r e t t — 166 c a r p e n t e r s a t $ 6 .7 8 (116 o f t h e s e in r e s i d e n t i a l , l e s s
5 s t o r i e s a t $ 7 .0 1 ). N o
p u b l is h a b le d a ta a r e a v a il a b le f o r t h e n o n u n io n s e c t o r in S a n F r a n c i s c o -O a k la n d .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a t a r e p o r t e d o r d a ta t h a t d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




Table 4. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Atlanta, Ga.1
(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu p a tion s, co n stru ctio n in d u s tr ie s , 2 S ep tem b er 1973)

$
Occupation 3 and type of
construction

earnings 5

workers

S
$
3.8 0 4 . 0 0 4 .
%

Under 3 * 6 0
$
and
3.60 under

4. 40 4.6 0 4. 80 5.0 0 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.8 0 6.0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0 6.60 6 .8 0

o
o

3.8 0 4.00 4 . 2 0

20

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 5 of$
S
$
t
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
4 .4 0 4. 60 4 .8 0 5.00 5.2 0 5.40 5.6 0 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6.40 6 .6 0 6.8 0 7.00 7.40 7.8 0 8 . 2 0 8 .6 0

7.4 0 7.60

8 .2 0

8.60 9.0 0

JO U RNEYM EN
r r TT.k | AYF&S

~—
___
____________ ______
COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

523

I 82
7.82

CARPENTERS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)--------------------

3,335
2,528
767

6.24
6.5 2
5.33

17

36

17

CEMENT MASONS ----------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

672
583

6 .1 0

66

6.45

18

ELECTRICIANS -----------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------

1,604
1,449
155

8.18
8.46
5.57

-

PIPEFITTERS -------------------------------------COMMERCIAL----------- ----------------------

465
465

8 .2 0
8 .2 0

PLUMBERS ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------

1,052
757
295

6.3 4
6.81
5.14

ROOFERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL--------- -----—
----- — _

332
311

5.65
5.64

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RpS. (UNDER 5 STORY)— ------ ----------

615
354
258

5.78
6.61
4.6 7

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS -----------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

560
560

6.91
6.9 1

BACK-HCE OPERATORS -------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------OTHER HEAVY CCNSTR. --------------------

398
145
15
198

5.73
7.33
5.01
5.07

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. --------------------

143
48

4.6 0
5.56

13

TRUCK CP IV E R S --------— ___ ___________ ___
COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------STREET ANC HIGHWAY ---------------------

174
38
136

3.35
3.37
3.34

Ai O’f
1L t
26
136

2
2

473
473

33
33

180 1237
150 1161
30
63

11
11

_
_

15
15

21

67
26
41

198
143
55

21
20

6

-

44
26

-

_
-

31

6

11
6

30

5

23
15

-

-

10

3
3
-

89
53
36
_

5

15
15
-

369
92
268

_

32
32

5
5

3
3
-

75

51

-

-

46
27
15

342
288
46

22
22

66

9

21

30

152
59

140
76
64

_

_

-

-

3
3
-

9

221

-

9

222
201

71
60

21

11

_
88

-

5
5

47
47
-

_
-

18
18
“
5
5

6
6

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_

465
452

-

_

-

-

1301
1301

10
10

88

463
463
1

_

1

6

—

_

-

34

10

20

34

6

44

14

103
54
49

62
31
31

_

3

6

12

3

6

12

6

66

-

42
24

71
33
36

~

30
30

~

8

_

35

32

6

-

-

1

-

-

-

18

32

6

6

86

_

_

6

6

-

1

-

-

.

13
10

3
3
3

102

66

18
48
”

12

123
101
22

67
30
37

157

15

11
11

_

•

1

20

22

20

21
1

_
_

_

20

_

_

404
404

4
4

2

70

20

_

_

-

2

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

228
228

_

_

-

_
37

l

6
6

-

-

_

12

20
20

35
23

51

12

30
72

87
42
45

2

-

-

1

10
10

27

12

1

1

36

-

9
18

12

-

-

2

60
60

1

12

-

-

440

EQ U IPM ENT O PERATO RS

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




50

37

_

4

10

24
3

6

e
o
8

4

_

-

2
6

-

-

30
5

-

1

_
_

_

_

_
_

24

-

-

-

-

12
12

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

-

6

_

2

_

_

-

2

-

-

_

-

154
126
28

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

16

Continued

Table 4. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Atlanta, Ga.
(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu pation s, con stru ction in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
Occupation 3 and type of
construction

Num
ber Average

$
$
$
$
$
1
$
%
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
1.80 2 . 0 0 2.2 0 2.40 2.60 2 .8 0 3.00 3.2 0 3.40 3.6 0 3.8 0 4 .0 0 4.2 0 4.40 4.60 4.8 0 5.0 0 5.20 5.4 0 5.60 6 . 0 0

%

%

6 .4 0 6 .8 0

w
orkers4 earnings
under
2 .0 0

2.20 2.40 2 .6 0 2.80 3 .0 0 3.20 3.4 0 3.6 0 3.80 4.0 0 4.2 0 4.4 0 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0 6 .8 0 over

A PPR E N TIC E S

CARPENTERS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) --------------------

155
113
41

$
4.5 3
5.1 6
4.2 5

ELECTRICIANS -----------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------

654
642

5.30
5.47

“

PIPEFITTERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

114
114

4.57
4.57

~

-

P L U M B E R S ---------------------------C O M M E R C I A L __ — -— —___________ —
—

272

3.50
4.01

-

-

202

46
46

3.56
3.56

_

.

.

.

~

~

“

~

CARPENTERS* HELPERS ------------------------c o m m e r c i a l ----------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------ ---- —

627
450
166

4.01
4.14
3.70

_

_

_

_

37

_

-

-

-

-

10

-

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS -------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------STREET AND HIGHWAY -------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------

7*253
5,232
610
647
804

3.5 4
4 .3 0
3.27
2.73
3.08

5
5

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS -------------C O M M E R C I A L --------- — ----- — ---

232

3.40
3.37

_

102

PLUMBERS* H E L P E R S ------- ----------C O M M E R C I A L ---------------- — — —
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------

545
312
233

3.5 0
3.73
3.2 0

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

—

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

—

10
-

2

10
-

-

58
18

?

-

97
89

6
6

-

-

12
12

6
6

~

_

_

_

21

1

-

-

21

1

_

18
18

12
1j
1c

59
39

76

13

1
1

~

26
26

41
30

101

92

48
28

9

251
206
36

_

C\J

_

“

_

_
-

11
6

5

12
12

33
24

_
-

25
25
19

5
5

_

47
72
15

-

1C9
1C5

-

6
6

_

23
14
9

13
13
-

18
18

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

12

_

_

_

20

_

_

17
16

12

4
4
-

2
2

_

9
9

-

5
5

25
25

_

2

12
12

12

36 3072
35 2968

13
13

“

7
7

4
4

1 7124
1 124

12

7
7

-

4
4

12

6
6

55
55

1

84
84

249
249

1

2

9
9

H E LPE R S AND LABO RERS

27

9

453
103
55
224
67

585
303

369
219
81
29
40

481
293
113

144

132 1045
64 507
5 220
25
59
38 263

5
5

5
9

33
15

.

36

40

2

38

-

36

40

2

27

86
12

177
31

44
30

51
55

_

15
6

_

22
120

11
-

_
-

13
6

10

-

2
-

65

9

5

6
6

80
15

25

_

76
53
23

143
82
61

31

6

14
4

50
50

24
24

250
197
36

153
151

131
92
31

32
31

-

2

_

17

8

1

-

-

1

-

1

40
63

12

_

6
6

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_
_

_
_

_
-

55
36

13

123
1U3

13

20

20
11

165
74
Q1
71

43
43

1 T h e A t la n ta S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C la y to n , C o b b , D e K a lb , F u l to n , a n d G w in n e tt C o u n tie s .
2 F o r th e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l gu id e to th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of th e w o rk f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e of e m p lo y m e n t.
5 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s ,' h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
Z one r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d on d i s t a n c e b e tw e e n l o c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s
a n d th e c o n s tr u c ti o n s it e ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s u r v e y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
6 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 39 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 ; 14 a t $ 3 . 2 0 to $ 3 .4 0 ; a n d 103 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 .
7 W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
91 a t $ 6 . 8 0 to $ 7 .2 0 ; 24 a t $ 7 . 2 0 to $ 7 .6 0 ; a n d 9 a t $ 7 . 6 0 to $ 8 .




4

6

_




Table 5. Occupational earnings (union): Atlanta, Ga
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s, co n stru ctio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 197 3)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 5 of—
Number

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e of
c o n s tr u c ti o n

*
workers

4

Average
T ,
T
hourly U n d e r
earnings ® S

$

*

5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0

$

$

7 .2 0

and
5 .6 0 un d er

$
_

$
_

$
_

$
_

$
_

____5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 6 C 6 . 8 0

$
_

_

_

7 ,0 0 7 .2 0

$
_

7 .4 0

$

$

7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0
_

_

*
_

7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0

$

8 .0 0 8 .2 0

6 .2 0

_
8 .4 0

$

$

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

_

_

8 .6 0 8 ,8 0 9 ,0 0

JO U R N E Y M E N
...
.. .
c r r r i / iL « T tr n j
Co 1LIV « v “ r
COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

448

7 8
7^80

f flK r rcnn c r o
•n r u T rn f
*
*
COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

1 ,1 5 2
1 ,1 1 6

7 65
7 .6 5

460
447

7 .0 5

r r y r n Tl "A^LIN r
u a c rk j
r u y r n r l*»L
Ur .r n c K l * ai
e ie c t r ic ia n s

.

..............

-------------------------------------------

1, 35 8

448
448
1192
1116
460
44 7
1301
1301

8 .6 5
.€ 5

c c m m f r c i a l -----------------------------------------

46 5

PLUMBERS --------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

408
408

8
8 20
8.20
8.20
8.20

n llU c Cn a ( ----------- — — ----------- ~ ~ —
" n n rc rr
‘------.
COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

102
102

5 .5 5
5 .5 5

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL — ------------------------------------- .

228
228

7 .e 5
7 .8 5

STRUCTURAL IRCN WORKERS --------------------r r u u c r lr * P L
UL “ n t p , I ai
*
••••••••••

440

7 .5 0

lO i
uo

r • 15
7 .7 5

r r vu
r r At
V/l r n trnoU I P t

p i p c p iT |TiPcR ^
r Ir r i
rj

~• ••

••* ■ ••

-

102
10 2
2 28
2 28
-

440
440

See fo o tn o tes at end o f table.

154
126

-

404
404

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
aiCM u n c UrCHP r n,n n * • •• • •_ • • * ■ — ^ —
. • ...
OAU^^nUC n n r n A 11 K>
r l rr iiiic rov t «L
t
n c r 1 ai

-

4 63
46?

-

_

-

2
2

~

4
4

-

-

Table 5. Occupational earnings (union): Atlanta, Ga. — Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly .e a rn in g s o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations

con stru ction in d u stries , 2 S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 5 of—

°f 4
workers

%
$
$
2 .8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0

%
$
$
$
$
i
$
3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 20 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
4 . 80 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 4 0 5 . 6 0 5 . 8 0

$

$

6 . 00

6 .2 0

2 .4 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 4 0

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e of
c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number

3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 40 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0 7 .0 0 over

-

23
14

1
1

18
18

-

_

_

i

Average
2 .2 0
hourly ^
earnings
and

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .6 0

*
6 .6 0

$
7 .0 0
and

under

A P P R E N T IC E S
CARPENTERS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

93
83

$
5 .2 9
5 .3 2

ELECTRICIANS ------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

646
59 4

5 .4 7
5 .6 7

PIPEFITTERS -------------------------------------CCMMEPCIAL -----------------------------------

1M

114

4 .5 7
4 .5 7

PLUMBERS ------COMMERCIAL

12 6
126

4 .4 7
4 .4 7

3 ,1 5 0
2 ,5 5 2

4 .9 2
5 .0 0

26
26
_

_

-

40
~

_

-

-

_

-

91
83

_

_

21
21

1
1

_

-

25
25

39
39

_

13
13

_

_

~

-

-

_

_

-

5
5

-

_

1 09
105

_

“
_

_

-

-

-

-




1
2
3
4
5
6
7

S ee f o o tn o te 1,
S e e f o o tn o te 2 ,
S ee f o o tn o te 3,
S ee fo o tn o te 4 ,
S ee fo o tn o te 5 ,
W o rk e r s w e r e
S ee f o o tn o te 7 ,

ta b l e
ta b l e
ta b l e
ta b l e
ta b l e
at $4.
ta b le

4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
20 to $ 4 . 4 0 .
4.

19

27

45

12

z

-

12
12

5
5

3039
294 4

8
8

—

9
9

7
7

-

_

-

“

2
2

247
247

16
16

9
9

12
12

5
5

7
7

1
1

42
42

-

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL ------------

4
4
9
9

19
19

_

_

17
16

13
13

_

-

-

_

2

2
2

2
2

1 7 1 24
124
1

Table 6. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Atlanta, G a.‘
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
$

S

$

%

%

%

%

$

$

$

$

3 . 2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0

%

%

U n der3 * 0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 . 8 0 4(.0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4 • 60 4,.8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0
6
and
3 .0 0 under

o
o

of
worker*4

*

*
•

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d t y p e o f
c o n s tr u c ti o n

Average
hourly
earnings9

4 .2 0 4 . 4 0 4 .6 0 4,.8 0 5,.0 0 5 . 2 0 5 .4 0

$

%

S

S

$

%

$

$

5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 . 2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 . 8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0
and
5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 6 0 6 .8 0

7 .2 0 7 .6 0 over

JO U R N E Y M E N
$

BRI C K L A Y E R S ------------------------—
COMMERCIAL -----------------------

15
75

7 .9 3
7 .9 3

CARPENTERS -------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORYI-------------

2* 143
1*412
704

5 .4 6
5 .6 3
5 .1 2

CEREKT MASONS ----------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------

212
136

4 .0 4
4 .4 8

28

ELECTRICIANS -----------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------

206
148

4 .9 8
4 .9 8

-

_

_

PLUMBERS ---------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORYI-------------

644
349
295

5 .1 6
5 .1 8
5 .1 4

-

6

R°°ccmme rc i al --------------------

230
209

5 .5 1
5 .4 9

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ---------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY!-------------

387
126
258

4 .5 6
4 .3 6
4 .6 7

15
15
-

5

12

—

-

-

~

5

12

26
18

8

4

36
6
30

11
6
5

31
10
21

67
26
41

198
143
55

23
15

_

44
26

21
20

6
5

-

_

_

•

-

-

~

3
3

46
27

15
15

1
1

_
-

44
10
34

34
20
14

103
54
49

62
31
31

_

3
3

6
6

12
12

66
42
24

71
33
36

102
30
72

-

—

—

—

“

~

6

“

-

_

_

_

l

_

_

—

-

-

_
-

~

-

~

6
—

6

89
53
36

22
22

369
92
268

32
32

5
5

3
3

75
66

51
21

3
3

13
10
3

87
42
45

35
23
12

123
101
22

3
3

51
51

_
-

_
66
18
48

221
152
59

342
288
46

12
-

_
-

12

_

140
76
64

_
—
~

222
201
21

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

~

_
6
6
-

-

-

70
49

37
1
36

12

12

_

12

_

71
60
11

47
47

5
5

_

18
18
-

2
2

6 58
58

56
36
20

159
149
10

27
27

5
5

5
5

_

10
10

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

20

55
55

19
19

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

-

-

_

_

20

1

67
30
37

1
—

20

11
11

_

20

22
21
1

_

-

_

12

_

_

_

-

_

_
'

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

BACK-HOE OPERATORS ----------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY!------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------

212
19
15
138

4 .4 9
4 .5 5
5 .0 1
4 .7 1

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ---------------OTHER HEAVY COKSTR. -------------

122
32

4 .1 1
4 .6 3

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY --------------

120
38
82

3 .3 0
3 .3 7
3 .2 6

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




8

4

4

-

-

—
-

34
10

8

6
6

39
18
21

3

-

24
8
6

-

~

2

3

-

-

14

49
8
41

-

14

35

8
8

—
-

6
6

_
—

-

1
18
86
6
4
4

6

37

-

_

-

-

6

_

-

_

~

-

~

1
36

l
_

27

1

9
18

-

_

_

2
2

12
4
2
6

_

6

_
_

_
_

~

6

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

30
5
1
24
12
12

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_
-

_

-




TableG. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Atlanta, G a.1 Continued
—
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—

$

$

$ $

$

I

$

$

s

i

1

1

i

$

$

$

$

s

$

i

Avenge 1.30 2.00 2.20 2.AO 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60
hourly (
earnings' a n d
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e o f
c o n s tr u c ti o n

under

2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80
A P P R E N T IC E S

62
32
146

3.40

CARPENTERS* HELPERS ---------CCMMERCIAL ----------------PES. fUNDER 5 STORY)-------

601
424
166

3.98
4.11
3.70

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS -------COMMERCIAL ----------------P CS. (UNDER 5 STORY)------STREET AND HIGHWAY -------OTHER HEAVY CCNSTR. -------

143
280
610
6C7
646

3.19
3.39
3.27
2.58
3.00

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS -------COMMERCIAL -----------------

223
93

3.42
3.40

PLUMBERS* HELPERS -----------CCMME R C I A L ----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-------

5A5

3.50
2.73
3.20

10
10

4.39
4.10

C A R P E N T E R S --------- ---------RES. CUNDER 5 STORY)------

2
2

-

37
10
27

86
12

158
31

44
30

91
36

426
103
59
224
40

544
303
22
120
99

20

76

~

33
24
9

41
30
~

101
92
9

48
28
20

120 1049
64 507
5 220
59
25
26 263

369
219
81
29
40

481
293
113
10
65

6
6
76

80
15

25

143
82
61

20
11

18

-

12

24

“

_

_

11
5

21
15

6

_

12

_

_

_

84
84

12
12
-

6
6
-

6
6
_

33
24
l

5
5
-

1
1

_

—

8

~

20

H E L P E R S AND LA B O R ER S

212

233

-

-

5

-

5
-

-

-

-

15

6

6
36

40

2

38

36

40

2

27

11

53
23

-

155
64
91

14
4
10

40
40
“

24
24
*

-

251
206
36

13
6
2

250
197
36

153
151
2

131
92
31

32
31
1

36
35
1

9

5

6

31

17

-

55
36
13
-

See
f o o tn o te 1, t a b l e 4 .
See
f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 4 .
See
f o o tn o te 3, t a b l e 4 .
See
f o o tn o te 4 , ta b l e 4 .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk an d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 46 a t $ 8 to $ 8 .4 0 ; a n d 12 a t $ 8 . 4 0 to $ 8 . 8 0 .

123
103

43
43

8

-

Table 7. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Baltimore, Md
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
A v erag e
*
»
$
»
*
»
$
$
$
*
*
$
of
h o u r ly
4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80
w o r k e r s 4 e a rn in g s 5 U nder and
$ 4 .6 0 u n d e r
-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 o v e r
JO U R N E Y M E N

BRICKLAYERS -COMMERCIAL •
CARPENTERS ------------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)
OTHER HEAVY C0NSTR. •

2*201

$

10

8.24
8.52

1*636
388
115

6.74
7.14
5.18
5.77

120
16
688
16

356
226
61
39

7.07
7.96
6.05
5.02

25
2
710

15
6
2
7

1,074
864

210

6.94
7.51
4.59

145
54
891

114
49
65

PIPEFITTERS COMMERCIAL

220
220
792
534
258

6.41
7.25
4.67

ROOFERS ---- -----------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY)

306
157
127

SHEET— METAL WORKERS --COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)’
STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS ------COMMERCIAL ------------------

91
44
47
-

12
12
-

21
14
6

5
5

10
10
-

50
12
38

41
41
-

8.09
8.09

PLUMBERS ----- ---------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (UN0ER 5 ST0RY)<

86
32
50
4

40
16
24

CEMENT N A S O N S --------C O M M E R C I A L --- ----STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY C0NSTR.
ELECTRICIANS ----------COMMERCIAL ------- —
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)
CJ
O

823
397

51
20
12
19

90
78
12
-

40
40

4
-

-

15
4
10
1

6
3
-

25
4
21
-

9
8
-

29
24
5

2
2

52
28
24
-

-

148
148

5
5

20
14
6

-

987

•

40
34
6

62
56
6

5.09
5.23
4.77

115
52
63

24
7
17

8
8

26
11
15

2
2

6
4
2

-

641
25

7.07
7.17
4.28

78
a 60
1 18

22
22
-

15
10
5

46
46

14
14

10
10

10
8

873
873

6.96
6.96

157
157

BACK-HOE OPERATORS --C O M M E R C I A L -- *----OTHER HEAVY C0NSTR.

357
58
149

6.31
6.61
5.70

44
6
20

21
3
14

9
9

21
9
9

11
9

9
9

35
2
33

BULLDOZER OPERATORS -COMMERCIAL --------STREET AND HIGHWAY *

211

38 2
119

5.79
5.42
6.31

78
32
16

40
4
30

6
4
-

4
4
-

19
8
-

12
8
4

20
20
-

4.56
5.36
4.37
4.37

1 175
3

666

-

10

-

40
40

16
16

-

-

48
48

-

11
6

231
231

541
487

80
80

1

-

-

2
2

-

12
12

-

95
95

283
250

66
11

_
—

32
32

_
.
-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

171
171

-

53
53

37
37

23
23

19
19

10
10

30
12
-

-

76
57
15

-

-

14
9
5

20
20

4
4

-

-

173
173

55
55

10
10

20
20

10
10

2
2

9
9

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

436
436

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

25
25

20
20

603
603

8
8

2
2

4
4

4
4

6
6

48
48

-

6
6

17
17

5
5
87

4
4

112
112

288
-

-

-

12
10

34
29
5

263
191
12
60

34

162
63
99
-

100
65
20
15

80
40

650
650

125
125

10
10

_

_

-

-

2
2

5
5

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

TRUCKORIVERS ---------COMMERCIAL --------STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




374
72
192

110

6

109
60

- 103
- 3 6
- 6 7

-

96
30
16
50

21

4

5
16

-

21
18

2

:

15
15

18
18

24
5
5

6
6

-

155

-

-

-

-

-

155
■

:

141

:

:

;

16
10
6

.

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

'

'

'

'

'

‘
-

Table 7. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Baltimore, Md. — Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 1 S e p te m b e r 1973)
2
N u m b er o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs 5 of—

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

1---- 1
---

i'
r
i '
r
*
*
*
1
T - r * --------1--------1---------I -------- I ------- r ~ i -------- 1— 1
— I -------- 1---------1
N um ber
A v erag e
2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 *6 0 3 *8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4.601 * . 8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0
h o u r ly
of
U n d er and
w o r k e r s 4 e a rn in g s5
6
— a nd
$ 2 .4 0 u n d e r

2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 . 8 0 s . qq 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0 o v e r
A P P R E N T IC E S
$

BRICKLAYERS ------------- -------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)

118
107

CARPENTERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------

111
101
635
575

4 .4 5
4 .6 0

33
33

5 *2 1
5 .2 1

343
131

4 .0 8
4 .6 7
3 .1 1

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ------------------------

85
85

5 .4 6
5 .4 6

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS —
COMMERCIAL ------------------------

128
128

3 .7 1
3 .7 1

CARPENTERS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL
RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY I -

450
274
173

3 .5 2
3 .6 6
3 .2 8

C0NSTRUCTION LABORERS —
COMMERCIAL
RES. (5 STORY ♦ )
RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY) STREET AND HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY C0NSTR.

6 *0 3 7
3 .3 0 8
32
720
936
1 .0 4 1

4 .1 6
4 .6 7
3 .2 3
3 .4 4
3 .4 7
3 .6 9

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL ----------—
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-

355
104
251

2 .8 2
2 .8 2
2 .8 2

PLUMBERS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL --------

274
100

3 .7 0
3 .9 9

10
10

5 .6 2
5 .7 3

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

11

5 .1 7
4 .9 8

PIPEFITTERS -----COMMERCIAL ----- — —
PLUMBERS ---------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UM0ER 5 STORY)

212

11

28
28
14
4

42
27

28
23

36
36

50
35

67
67

52
42

28
28

22

22

10
10

30
30

18
18
42
42

11
11

14
14

25
25

23
23

13
13

95
95

91
91

12
12
14
14

124
23
101

6

2

33

2

21

6

12

15
15

13
13

25
25

15
15

18
18

11
11

21

12
12

21

20
20

17
17

22

60
60

22

13
13

17
17

26
26

H E L P E R S AND LA BO R ERS

94

232
32

59
32
27

64
24
40

62
40

22

47
34
13

23
20
3

51
31
20

35
23
9

4
4

2
178
114

579
211

865
212

409

246

15

541
352

389
194

170

80
16

46
20

7
27
30

69
40
29

105
110
152

46
451
155

60
49
110

65
36
88

88
36

40
105

50
5
9

16
10

25

34
18
16

16
16

16
6
10

20

46
18

42
24

33
4

18
18

2

202

20
57

124

84
54
30

70

10
60

25
-

1

l

29
25
111
10

10
24
6

1

12
12
158
114
8

62
21

123 1139
123 1104

41

504
427

25

22
10
14

20
30
6

T h e B a l ti m o r e S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f th e c ity o f B a l ti m o r e , a n d th e c o u n tie s o f A n n e A r u n d e l, B a l ti m o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r f o r d , a n d H o w a rd .
F o r th e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n s m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) of c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e a n d c o m p o s itio n o f th e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e of e m p lo y m e n t.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d on d is t a n c e b e tw e e n l o c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s
a n d t h e c o n s tr u c ti o n s it e ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s of t h is s u r v e y .
W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 38 a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 7 a t $ 4 . 2 0 to $ 4 . 4 0 ; a n d 43 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 .
5 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 2 0 ; a n d 5 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 .
7 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
31 a t $ 4 . 2 0 to $ 4 . 4 0 ; a nd 10 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 .
8
W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 10 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 10 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 . 8 0 ; 10 a t $ 3 . 8 0 to $ 4 ; 20 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 2 0 ;
9
W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 11 a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 23 a t $ 4 . 2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; a n d 53 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 .
10 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 6 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 16 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 4 a t $ 3 . 8 0 to $ 4 ;
30 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 2 0 ; 30 a t $ 4 . 2 0 to
$ 4 .4 0 ; a n d 19 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 .
10 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
6 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 6 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 2 0 ; a n d 6 a t $ 4 . 2 0 to $ 4 . 4 0 .
11 W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s :
4 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 ; 2 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 ; 2 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 6 a t $ 3 . 8 0 to $ 4 ; 10 a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 14 a t $ 4 . 20 to $ 4 .4 0 ; a n d 4 0 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 .
12 W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s :
2 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 6 a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 ; 14 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 ; 91 a t $ 3 . 2 0 to $ 3 . 4 0 ; 13 a t $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 ; 18 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 . 8 0 ; 3 a t $ 4 . 2 0 to
1 W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s :
3
$ 4 . 4 0 ; a n d 28 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 .
13 a t $ 6 . 8 0 to $ 7 .2 0 ; a n d 10 a t $ 7 . 2 0 to $ 7 . 6 0 .
14 W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
35 a t $ 2 to $ 2 . 2 0 ; a n d 35 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 . 4 0 .
1 W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
5
1
2
3
4
5




Table 8. Occupational earnings (union): Baltimore, Md.'
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)

---------1
!
---------O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 5 of—

$
$
1
1
S
$
$
i
t
s
s
s
A v e ra g e ,
N um ber
7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs 4 e a rn in g s 5 U n d er and
$ 7 .2 0 u n d e r

7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60

i
JO U R N E Y M E N

BRICKLAYERS ------------------COMMERCIAL
CARPENTERS --- - ----- - - fOMIEftCIAL
——

8.85
8.77

700

'

CEMENT MASONS

$

338
261

__

7.89
7.89

183
603
603
173
173
438
. 650
650

RACir-*«nF nPEPATORS

188
203
111

5.28
5.19

“

~

171

“

“

603
603

~

—

173
173

7.42

t r u c k d r i v e r s ------------------ STREET AND h ig h w a y —

—

”

~

“

*

2
2

—
-

—
-

*

*
*

-

-

-

-

7.96
7.96

-

*

~

a IV
B. 1 f

STRUCTURAL IRRM U R A im e
COMMERCIAL -----------------------

33

—
~

8.41
8.41

SHEET-METAL U M K H C
COMMERCIAL ---------- ----------

•

523
469

8.50
8.50

PIPEFITTERS

99
zz
11

*

•

231
231

8.39

Fi prTBirraBic _
ffiaassr tsi

Zo 3
250

12

“

436
436

*

-

-

-

~

—

*

■

650

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

■

______

______ ___________

_________

8
6

ill

141

15

-

-

18
-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

;
i
i
i
s— i — 1
I — i --------r ------ 1-------- T " — r ~ ----- r ----- j -------- J - — r — r ~ — i -------- f -------- r ~ — f ~ — j —
N um ber
3 .2 0
3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 . 8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0
A v erag e
of
h o u r ly U n d e r a n d
»
»
.
w o r k e r s 4 e a r n i n g s 5 $ 3 .2 0 u n d e r
3-.A0_-3.60 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 . 6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0

A P P R E N T IC E S
SI

51

6 .4 1
6 .4 1

-

280
280

5 .7 8
5 .7 8

-

SHEET—
METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ------------

69
69

5 .9 5
5 .9 5

_

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS
COMMERCIAL

46
46

4 .7 9
4 .7 9

_

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL
STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

2 *2 0 5
1*348
630
227

See
f o o tn o te 1, t a b l e 7.
S ee
f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 7.
S ee
fo o tn o te 3, t a b l e 7.
S ee
fo o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 7.
See
f o o tn o te 5 , t a b l e 7.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :




4 .9 6
5 .6 4
3 .6 2
4 .6 3

“
.
.

-

.
-

.
-

25
25

-

6
6

_

-

*

_

-

-

.

.

_

‘

*

26
26

so 406
—
—
5 382
45
24

55
—

43
12

15
—
15
*

7
—
7
•

-

-

-

_

_

5
5

.

*

_

•

99

16

30
-

99

16

—

30

1
1

-

-

14
14

-

9
9

_

_

“

-

17
17

“

-

-

91
91

_

17
17

6
6

_

_
-

42
42

1
1

45
3
36
6

-

_

20
20

.

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

~

”

“

14
14

_

1113
1079
10
24

•

8
8

.

-

-

~

13
13

77
77

-

2
2

.

_

-

-

-

.

-

—

—

_

“
18
18

343
266
•*

-

—

“

—

—

—

77

3 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 6 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 3 a t $ 4 . 2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 28 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 ; 67 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; a n d 96 a t $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 .

♦*

CARPENTERS
COMMERCIAL

Table 9. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Baltimore, M d .1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s 'r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—

<
0

o
o

o

«
o
in

4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0

6 .2 0 6 .4 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0
and
6 .6 0 6 .8 0

-4
•
O

$
$
*
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
♦
4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0
Under and
$ 4 . 00 u n d e r
%

o

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Average
hourly
of
w o rk e rs 4 earnings5

7 .2 0 7 .4 0

7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 over

JO U R N E Y M E N
485

' $
7 .8 2

CARPENTERS — -----COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

1 ,4 4 7
936
388
115

6 .1 4
6 .5 7
5 .1 8
5 .7 7

CEMENT MASONS ----------COMMERCIAL
STREET AND HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

173
55
49
39

5 .6 7
5 .9 3
6 .3 0
5 .0 2

ELECTRICIANS -----COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY I-

471
261
210

4 .9 3
5 .2 1
4 .5 9

PIPEFITTERS ------------COMMERCIAL ----------

47
47

6 .8 9
6 .8 9

PLUMBERS ------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-

677
419
258

6 .0 0
6 .8 3
4 .6 7

-

COMMERCIAL ----------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

274
125
127

5 .1 0
5 .2 7
4 .7 7

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ---COMMERCIAL ----------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-

228
203
25

4 .9 4
5 .0 2
4 .2 8

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS
COMMERCIAL -----------

223
22 3

4 .0 3
4 .0 3

BACK-HOE OPERATORS ---COMMERCIAL -----------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. —

169
25
119

5.09
5.13
5.24

BULLDOZER OPERATORS -------C O M M E R C I A L -------------- -

208
109

4.93
5.25

14
4

TRUCKORIVERS -------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ---------

171
48

3.70
3.21

8 135
48

BRICKLAYERS ------------

13
6
7
-

59
43
16

40
16
24
-

_
“

86
32
50
4

91
44
47
~

162
63
99

100
65
20
15

52
28
24
“

263
191
12
60

51
20
12
19

90
78
12
“

40
40
“

18
5

_
-

5
5

13
6
7

12
12
-

15
8
6

5
5

-

34
12
10

-

13
4
8
1

6
3
-

25
4
21

9
8

30
10
20

42
11
31

43
33
10

114
49
65

10
10
-

50
12
38

41
41
-

34
29
5

29
24
5

•
“

24
24
“

.
•

6
6
-

-

6
_
6

6
6
-

5
5

-

-

_

_

_

~

17
17

-

-

_
-

40
34
6

2

-

30
30

-

_

“

-

-

-

~

11

23

53

148

5

20
14
6

-

—

_

_

-

_

-

-

11

23

53

148

-

5

26
14
12

30
20
10

30
4
26

19
4
15

24
7
17

8

18
12

48
42

10
4

22

66

6

2
2

22

6

-

-

i 106
106

25
25

10
10

16
16

_

23

12

21

14

6
6

14

40

-

-

-

37
37

23
23

19
19

_
-

54
35
15

..

-

-

14
9
5

4
4

.

~

-

-

6
4

_
-

2

2

-

30
12
•

15
10
5

46
46
“

14
14
~

10
10
*

10
8

_
-

40
40

16
16

6
6

.

-

3
14

21
9
9

9

40
4

4
4

19

20

20

2

*

-

4
4

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




6

22

35
2
33

12
8

_

53
53

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

10

-

2
2

26
11
15

9

-

62
56
6

8

-

21
5

20

18
18

20

16

-

4
-

112
112

59

80
80

127
127

288

-

_
-

18
18

-

-

_
-

12
12

-

1

-

“

-

_
_
-

-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

_
_
“

6
6
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

6
6

-

10
10

10
10

2
2

_

_

-

-

4

.

48

80
11
6

10
48
10
38

_

_

_

4

-

.

_

-

"

-

-

_

_

9
9

_

“

-

11
11

8
8

_

“

25
25

20
20

55
55

50
50

_

5
5

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_
-

_
“

5
5
-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

Table 9. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Baltimore, M d .‘— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs 4 e a rn in g s 5 U nder
$ 2. 40

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
i
$
$
%
2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 . 8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0
2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0
and
under
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 »40 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0
2 ,6 0 2 * a° 3 ,0 0 3 ,2 0

*
%
5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .8 0
-

5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 . 4 0 6 .8 0

and
over

A P P R E N T IC E S
CARPENTERS -----COMMERCIAL

60
50

$
4 .9 4
5 .0 4

“

“

6
6

42
27

28
23

36
36

“

6
6

6
6

.
“

124
23
101

-

-

8
8

.

„

8
8

2
2

59
32
27

182
66
1
25
54
36

178
114
•
7
27
30

549
211
1
105
110
122

70
10
60

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

355
295

3 .4 0
3 .4 9

15
“

PLUMBERS ----- ----------------------COMMERCIAL --------------- —
RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY I -

303
172
131

3 .8 8
4 .4 7
3 .1 1

-

16
16

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

CARPENTERS* HELPERS -----------COMMERCIAL------- ------------—
RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY)------

448
272
173

3 .5 1
3 .6 5
3 .2 8

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS -------COMMERCIAL ------------------------RES. (5 STORY ♦ ) — -----RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------

3* 832
I t 960
32
720
306
814

3 .7 0
4 .0 0
3 .2 3
3 .4 4
3 .1 8
3 .4 3

57
37

232
32
20
124
56

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS -------COMMERCIAL -----------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)------

355
104
251

2 .8 2
2 .8 2
2 .8 2

970
70

84
54
30

PLUMBERS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL --------

274
100

3 .7 0
3 .9 9

18

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ------- —

14
4

50
35

42
42

52
42

22
22

22

21
12

22

15
15

17

30
30

13
13

33

10
10

17

22

22

16
16

11
11

16
16

“

“

12
12

4
4

~

4
4

30
20
-

158
114
8
22

32
21

123
123

26
25

161
161

10

14

11

1

-

10
10

2

2

H E L PE R S AND LA BO R ERS

. 94
-

69
40
29

-

25
—
25

64
24
40

1

46
69

47
34
13

20

51
31
20

35
23
9

4
4

3

354
190

231
81

8
6

496
349

365
194

71
20

78
16

60

29
10
111

21

40
6
5

50
3
9

6
98

34
18
16

16
16

46
18

_

62
40
22

42
24

23

61

10

6

16
6

10

10

18
18

_

-

34

5
5

-

_
“

_

-

30
6

'
See
f o o tn o te 1 , ta b l e 7.
See
fo o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 7.
See
f o o tn o te 3, t a b le 7.
S ee
f o o tn o te 4 , ta b l e 7.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s:
22 a t $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 ; 33 a t $ 3 . 2 0 to $ 3 . 4 0 ; 11 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 ; a n d 40 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 . 8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s:
2 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 6 a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 8 0 ; 14 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 ; 91 a t $ 3 . 2 0 to $ 3 . 4 0 ; 10 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 ; a nd 12 a t $ 3 60 to $ 3 80
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s:
35 a t $ 2 to $ 2 .2 0 ; a n d 35 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 . 4 0 .
*
’




_

“

20

33
4

-

_

20

10
24

10

_

_

-

-

Table 10. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Boston, Mass.
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 <

$

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A v e ra g e
N um ber
h o u r ly
of
w o rk e rs 4 e a rn in g s 5

5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0

7 .0 0 7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 . 6 0 7 .8 C 8 . 0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

$

8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0 9 .8 0
-

and

$ 5. 00 u n d e r
5 .2 C 5 . 4 0 5 . 6 0 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 6 0 6 . 8 0 7 . 0 0 7 . 2 0 7 . 4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0 8 .0 0 6 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0

9 .4 0 9 .8 0 o v e r

JO U R N E Y M E N

BRICKLAYERS -------------COMMERCIAL ------------

866

757

;*
.
8 .7 2
8 . 88;

CARPENTERS --------------COMMERCIAL -----------RES. CUNOER 5 STORY!—
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. —

2 ,9 2 2
2 ,5 7 6
11 6
157

6 .7 3 .
8 .8 3 !

8 .5 9

22
12
10

8 .6 6

-

:

8
8

:

70
48

42
42

108
108

64

12

1

- 2457
- 2208
20
156

31
31

4
4
-

137
135
-

166
149

60
60

1276
1204

-

120
120

497
49 1

544
421
102

58
58
~

682
6 82

18
18

9.19*
9 .1 l!
9 .1 1
9 .3 5

218
150

16

8

—

-

53

16

8

307
139
96
72

9 .1 0
9 .0 4
9 .0 2
9 .3 3

178
130

22

8

20

-

-

28

22

8

270
77
144
49

6 .2 3
6 .3 1
, 5 .8 6
’7 .2 L

437
398
31

8 .9 3
8 .9 3
8 .8 3

ELECTRICIANS --------------COMMERCIAL -------------RES. CUNDER 5 STORY!----

1 ,9 5 0
1 ,6 7 2
206

8 .1 5
8 .4 5
5 .3 6

PIPEFITTERS ---------------COMMERCIAL --------------

681
635

9 .1 7
9 .4 5

1 ,0 0 1
668

282

8 .3 *
8 .7 0
7 .4 8

ROOFERS -----COMMERCIAL

446
446

8 .1 7
8 .1 7

-

-

-

-

SHEET— METAL WORKERS ----------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNGER 5 STORY!--------

870
797
73

8 .4 5
8 .7 2
5 .4 3

85
52
533

23
23

1 ,7 1 6

8 .3 7

BACK-HCE OPERATORS --COMMERCIAL ---------STREET AND HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

242
150
15
77

BULLOOZER OPERATORS --COMMERCIAL --------STREET AND HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.
TRUCKORIVERS COMMERCIAL
STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

STRUCTURAL IRCN WORKERS ------

12

48
48

64

22

41
41

5
4

130

CEMENT MASONS -------------COMMERCIAL -------------RES. (5 STCPY +1 -------

COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY!---

180
180

539
514

-

46

10

36

20
10
10

216

122

112

6

10 4

72
50

6
6

-

12

-

-

14
14

12

-

-

-

-

-

110
20

12

-

-

-

-

16
16

66
66

42
36

-

20
20

10
10

-

_

56
18
18

_

10

-

60
13
47

_

10

-

-

_

11

_

22
11
11

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

63
63
~

_

11
11

_

-

10

-

-

-

“

~

~

~

-

11
li

-

11

18

~

~

1
1

50

-

90
90

-

50

12

48

-

-

-

60

37
30
7

-

-

-

11

~

70
70

355
355

18

-

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

See footnotes at end of table.




65
65
-

6

6

3
3
-

-

—

-

57
30
27
-

88

41
42
5

10

28

10

Table 10. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Boston, Mass. — Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e lected o ccu p a tio n s, co n stru ctio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 5 of—
O c cu p atio n ■ and type
*
of c o n s tru c tio n

N um ber
of
w orkers 4

A verage
hourly
earnings 5

*

*

3.2 0
Under and
$3.20 under

*

*

*

$

$

$

$

t

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

3 .8 0

3 .4 0 3.6 0

*
4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5.2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5.8 0

6 .0 0

6 .20

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

-

-

3.40

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

-

-

-

4 .4 0

-

-

-

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

”

“

-

12
12
1
1

-

-

5 .2 0

-

-

5 .4 0

$
7 .2 0

-

~

5 .6 0

5 .80

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .80

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

17
15

$
7 .6 0

$
8.00

-

and

7 .2 0

7 .0 0

7 .6 0

8. 00

over

1
1

A P P R E N T IC E S
BRICKLAYERS -----------------------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------

35
33

$
5 .9 3
5 .8 4

~

~

~

~

“

-

CARPENTERS -------------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------

141
133

5 .9 7
5 .9 4

—

-

~

-

“

~

16
15

-

CEMENT MASONS --------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------

17
16

7 .2 0
7 .2 9

-

-

-

-

"

'

~

~

“

ELECTRICIANS ---------------------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------

630
488

5 .2 5
5 .6 3

32
32

“

11
11

10
10

49
49

32
32

2
2

37
27

7
7

5
5

-

62
44

PIPEFITTERS -----------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------

114
94

5 .6 0
5 .9 4

“

4
4

_

“

-

-

10
10

13
3

_

18
18

-

13
13

3
3

_

8

-

-

8

48
18
30

_
-

_
-

25

22

2
2

_
-

_
-

15

1
1

26
26

l
l

~

3
3

-

7
7

-

3
3

-

27
27

-

61
57

-

8
-

_
-

PLUMBERS ----------------------------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------

386
153
227

4 .3 4
5 .1 4
3 .7 5

ROOFERS ------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------

56
56
125
125

6 .6 9
6.6 9

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS ---------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------

147
115

42
~

6
6

-

-

12
12
12
12

-

-

-

6
6

12
12

4

1
1
10

10
10

13
13

-

-

-

-

l

-

-

-

2

1
1
n

35
35

6
6

1

_

-

8
7

5
5

9
9

12
12

-

2
2

l

_

4
4

1

_
-

1
1

4
4

7
7

-

54
48

-

20
20

4
4

7
7

65
65

-

44
38

2

_

“
109
16
93

”

1
1

_

_

-

-

_
-

12
12
1
1

_
_

_
_
-

19
19

7
7

5
5

1
1

3
3

2
2

10
10

4
4

-

2
2

2
2

8 43
43

24
24

_
-

_
-

_
-

14 1
136

10

6 .0 1
6 .1 2

261
256

18

12

-

l

1
2
2

6 .6 0
6 .6 0

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------

88
34

-

6
6

120
120

6
6

7 .1 6
7 .1 7

~

4
4
~

~

32

22
10

-

9
9

~

10
10

-

6
6

58
58

~

2

2

-

18
18

-

26
17
9

-

-

1
1

34
34

-

-

-

-

38
18

16
16

-

-

-

1
2

_

_

H E L P E R S AND LA BO R ERS
BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS --------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------CARPENTERS* HELPERS -----------------

124

3 .7 3

9 28

14

34

-

-

4

-

44

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS -------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------RES. (0 STORY + ) ----------- -----RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-----------STREET ANC HIGHWAY -------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------------

5 ,926
3 ,494
174
499
875
884

6 .3 6
6 .6 7
6.81
4 .5 8
5 .8 7
6 .5 4

120

47

126
42

-

53
30

52
-

93
32

30
-

6
-

-

53

-

105
4

32

20

192
-

16

30

8
8

-

11

798
-

12
-

-

3648
3184

90

-

27

165
27

8

75
9

-

74
27

23
-

52

36
25

-

6
-

-

20

30
-

42
~

12
503
283

12
_
-

_
-

284

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS -------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------

292
242
50

3 .2 7
3 .2 2
3 .5 3

10146
13 6

26
16

_
-

_
_

_
_

10

10

PLUMBERS* HELPERS ---------------------

73

3 .8 6

10

-

10
10

20

10

29

40
30

-

-

-

18




12

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10

_
-

4

-

-

-

8

16

-

214
34
_
_
180

-

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

4

20

-

10
10
-

I h e B o s t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f S u f f o l k C o u n t y , 15 c o m m u n i t i e s in
F o r the in d u s tria l sco p e of the su rv e y , see appendix A.
O v e r a l l o c c u p a t i o n m a y i n c l u d e d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in t y p e ( s ) o f c o n s t r u c t i o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5
E s t i m a t e s of th e n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e intended as a g e n e ra l guide to the s i z e an d c o m p o s i t io n of
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o r k an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
c o n s t r u c t i o n s ite ) a r e in c l u d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f t h i s s u r v e y .
6 W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s follow s:
11 a t $ 4 . 2 0 t o $ 4 . 4 0 ; a n d 22 a t $ 4 . 4 0 t o $ 4 . 6 0 .
7 W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s follow s:
22 a t $ 2 . 6 0 t o $ 2 . 8 0 ; a n d 87 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 .
8 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 8 to $ 8 . 4 0 .
9 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 .
10 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
36 a t $ 2 . 2 0 t o $ 2 . 4 0 ; 26 a t $ 2 . 4 0 t o $ 2 . 6 0 ; 36 a t $ 2 . 6 0 t o
2

the

30
30

8

321
79
10
_
192
40

E ssex

C ounty,

30 in

M iddlesex

C ounty,

20

in N o r f o l k C o u n t y ,

and

th e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e of e m p l o y m e n t .
late sh ifts.
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a l l y b a s e d on d i s t a n c e b e t w e e n l o c a l

$2.8 0 ;

an d 48 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 .

9 in P l y m o u t h

C ounty.
y

union h e a d q u a r t e r s

and

Table 11. Occupational earnings (union): Boston, Mass
(N u m b e r and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu p a tio n s,
c o n s tru c tio n in d u s tr ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e
______________h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of— ____________________
A v erag e
N um ber
h o u r ly
of
w o rk ers 4 e a rn in g s 5

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

8.0 0 8.20
Under
$8.00

and
u n d er
.20

8

. A0 8.60 8.80 9.0 0 9.20 9 . A0 9.60

_
—
8

_

_

. AO

6 .6 0

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

8.80 9.00 9.20 9 . AO 9.60 9.80

JO U R N E Y M E N
$

602
577

BRICKLAYERS —
COMMERCIAL
CARPENTERS --------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------OTHER HEAVY C0NSTR. -------------------

2,689
2, AA0
156

CEMENT MASCNS ---------------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------RES. (5 STORY + ) ------------------------

A37
398
31

---------------------

1,336
1.26A

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL
*

o




8.70
8.70

539
51A

-

8. B
0

108
108
-

_

-

A2
A2
-

8.93
8.93
8.83

_

_

_

130

-

-

-

-

110
20

9.0 9
9.0 9

_

_

_

_

51
51

8.79
8.85

_
-

-

PIPEFITTERS -----------------------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------

617
611

9.5 9
9.5 9

PLUMBERS ------COMMERCIAL

676
553

9.2 6
9.2A

_

_

ROOFERS -------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------

356
356

8.85
8.85

_

_

SHEET-METAL WORKERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------

700
700

9.2A
9.2A

_

STRUCTURAL IRCN WORKERS

1,696

8.

-

_

-

-

63
63

137
135
-

166
1A9

_
-

-

-

_

-

A
A
-

-

_

_

_

_

63
63
_

_

_

~
16AA

11
11

_

152
152

3A5
339

120
120

60
60

A8 A
361

_

1
1

355
355

_

_

_

_

-

-

52

-

-

_
-

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

11

60 1276
60 120A
_

-

-

31
31

-

AO

-

2A57
2208
156

-

58
58

_

_

682
682
-

18
18

_

-

-

-

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK-HOE OPERATORS -------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------------

218
150
15
53

9.11
9.11
9.11
9.11

BULLDOZER OPERATORS -----------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------------

275
135
96
AA

9.07
9.11
9.02
9.0 9

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ---------------------

208
7A
129

6.00

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

6.AO
5.75

-

-

-

-

-

:

-

-

-

-

~

95
5
76
1A

’

208
7A
129

-

-

-

6

’

-

-

-

-

218
150
15
53
178
130
20
28

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

’

-

-

-

-

2

-

Table 11. Occupational earnings (union): Boston, Mass.'— Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu p a tion s, c o n s tru c tio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 197 3)

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number
Average
hourly
of
workers 4 earnings 5

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earn in gs 5 of—
*
t
i
%
*
t
t
T
i
*
t
$
t
$
$
1
4.00 4.2 0 4.40 4.60 4 .8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6.40 6.60 6.60 7.00 7.20 7.40 1 • 60 7.80
r
Under and
$4.00 under
4.20 4.40 4.60 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6.40

6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40

7.60

1r. 8

C

8 .0 0

i.

%

8

. 00

8.

6 .2 0

20

6.60

1
1

-

A P P R E N T IC E S
BRICKLAYERS -----------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

35
33

$
5.93
5.84

1

12

1

12

-

12
12

12

4

-

2
2

12

-

-

-

-

6

-

CARPENTERS -------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

135
127

5.97
5.94

_

CEMENT MASONS --------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

17
16

7.20
7.29

-

ELECTRICIANS ----------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

404
374

5.83
5.78

22
22

PIPEFITTERS ------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

88

6 .1 2

88

6 .1 2

-

16
15

6

_
-

12
12

-

“

-

_

8

6

7

4

2

11
10

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

11
11

10
10

43
43

32
32

2
2

27
27

1
1

5
5

-

62
44

-

_

_

_

-

18
18

-

-

3
3

_

-

10
10
1

_

-

25

l

“

-

“

22

26
26

-

-

_

13
13

_

_

4

13
13

PLUMBERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

99
93

6.04
6.04

ROOFERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

56
56

6.60
6.60

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----COMMERCIAL ---------------

119
119

6.84
6.84

-

-

-

-

-

l

“

-

-

*

-

1

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ---------------

147
115

6 .0 1

_

_

_

-

-

_

6 .1 2

141
136

5
5

1
1

6

l

2
2

1
1

1
1

3
3

_

7
7

_

-

-

-

24
18

50
44

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

4
4

_

7
7

6.75
6.82
6.81
6.30
6.71

_

6
6

-

59
59

8

6

12
12

J
3

_

8

6

2
2

_

-

15

_

10
10

_

-

2
2

-

“

17
17

-

-

12

-

1
1

-

“

3
3

5
5

34
34

-

38
18

16
16

-

-

-

_

-

7
7

_

_

-

-

61
57

_
3
3

_

_
8

3

12
12

2

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

19
19

1

3
3

_

2

_

10

-

2

-

10

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

43
43

_

_

_

_

_

-

7.05
7.05

4,690
3,286
174
467
747

-

35
35

_

4
4

1
11
11

_

17
15

1

1
1

4
4

-

6

-

1

27
27

_

_
24
24

2
2

_

_

_

_

7
7
4
4

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
BRICKLAYERS' HELPERS COMMERCIAL ------------CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL ------------RES. (5 STCRY ♦ ) —
STREET ANO HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.1
6
5
4
3
2

141
136

_

-

-

-

-

-

_ 3648

78

202

_

_

_

68
10

22
-

12
12
-

_

3184
164

750

-

-

_

-

~

~

467
283

284
‘

1
2
3
4
5
6

S e e f o o tn o te 1,
S e e f o o tn o te 2 ,
S e e fo o tn o te 3,
S e e fo o tn o te 4 ,
S e e f o o tn o te 5,
W o rk e rs w e re




t a b l e 10.
t a b l e 10.
t a b l e 10.
t a b l e 10.
t a b l e 10.
d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :

60 a t $ 5 to $ 5 .2 0 ; 3 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 ; 57 a t $ 6 . 2 0 to $ 6 . 4 0 ; a n d 88 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 . 6 0 .

180

~

Table 12. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Boston, Mass.'
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
N um ber
of
w o rk ers 4

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

$
$
5*00 5 .2 0
der
and
.00 un d er

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s 5

$
$
$
5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

6 .8 0

$
7 .0 0

7 .2 0

S
7 .4 0

$
7 .6 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0 7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

41
41
-

70
48

64
64

-

-

22

10
10

66
66

6
6

16
16

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

50
50

56
18
18

_
-

10

_
-

10

_
_

8
8

10

60
13
47

-

-

-

H

_
-

_
“

18
18

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

%

S

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

%

t

$

$
7 .8 0
and

-

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

22
12
10

-

“

ov e r

4

JO U R N E Y M E N
CARPENTERS
COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

233
136
96

6 .2 4

ELECTRICIANS -----------------COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)l

614
40 8
20 6

6 .1 0

PLUMBERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

325
115
180

6 .1 2

SHEET-METAL WORKERS -----COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STURY)-

170
97
73

5 .2 1
5 .0 3
5 .4 3

6 .2 2

-

6 .2 9

46

6 .4 8
5 .3 6

10

36

6 .3 5

20
20

6 .4 2

58 5

32
33

8
6

5
4

20
10
10

42
36

216

122

112

6

104

72
50

_
-

14
14
-

_

23
23
~

_
-

-

22
11
11

37
30
7
_
-

-

_

60

-

12

-

48

_
-

11

_
~

-

-

-

_

11

-

'

11

5
5

-

6
6

-

-

~

12
12

_
-

-

~

70
70

“

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BULLDOZER OPERATORS ---------------

32

9 .3 3

TRUCKDRIVERS -------------OTHER HEAVY CCNSTR.

62
44

7 .0 0
7 .2 9

%

S

N um ber
of
w o rk ers 4

4

-

-

-

-

-

7 28

_

-

_

-

28
28

20
10

-

%

S

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

■
6
6 .2 0

$
6 .4 0

i;
6 .8 0

7 .2 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0 6 .8 0

7 .2 0

ov e r

-

-

“

26
26

20
20

_

_

_

$
$
%
.8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0

$
4 .6 0

$
$
4 .8 0 5 .0 0

*
5 .2 0

%

%

5 .4 0

5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 U

10

6
6

3
~

t

2 . 6 0 2 .8 0 3 . 0 0
A v erag e
U nder and
_
_
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 5 $ 2 .6 0 u n d e r
2 . 8 0 3 .0 0 3 . 2 0

5
-

6
6

and
.0 0

22 6

4 .2 0
5 . 12

60

11A

6

22
22

PLUMBERS ------------------------_RES. ( UNDER 5 STQR.Ylr

287
22 7

3 .7 5
3 . 75

22
10

87
83

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

-

A P P R E N T IC E S
ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

-

-

6
6

-

32

$

18
12

58
58

10

18
18

105
4

-

-

48
30

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
124

3 .7 3

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS —
COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STURY)OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

,2 3 6
20 8
483
137

. 4 .8 9
'4 . 3 5
4 .5 1
5 .6 3

30

59

47

12

14

20

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS —
COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STURY)-

29 2
24 2
50

3 .2 7
3 .2 2
3 .5 3

86 2

CARPENTERS* HELPERS -----------------

165

62




36
26

46
48
10

o v e rtim e and h a z ard o u s
a s fo llo w s :
11 a t $ 4 .2 0
a s f o llo w s : 2 0 a t $ 9 . 6 0
a s fo llo w s :
36 a t $ 2 .2 0

w o rk a n d
to $ 4 . 40;
to $ 9 .8 0 ;
to $ 2 .4 0 ;

26
16
10

10

PLUMBERS' HELPERS
S e e f o o tn o te 1, t a b l e 10.
S e e fo o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 10.
S e e fo o tn o te 3, t a b l e 10.
S e e fo o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 10.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d

~
%

30
30

8

126
42
75

40
30

10

10

16
B

53
30
23

20

192

10

20
18

fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
45 a t $ 4 . 40 to $ 4 . 60; 23 a t $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 80; a n d 6 a t $ 4 . 80 to $ 5.
a n d 8 a t $ 9 .8 0 to $ 1 0 .
a n d 26 a t $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 . 6 0 .

93
32
36
25
10
10

32

30

33

30

4?

12

1

12

l

10
10

243
11

12




Table 13. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined)
Chicago, III.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s ,
c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N um ber of w o rkers receiving s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings 5 of—
Occupation 3 and type
of construction

Number

of
worker*4

_
_
Average
hourly
earnings $

s
S
S
%
*
%
%
$
%
%
8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .4 0 9 .6 0 9 .8 0
and
and
- 8 .0 0 under
8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .4 0 9 .6 0 9 .8 0 over
Under

JO UR NEY M E N
BRICKLAYERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ > ----------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)----------------------OTHER HEAVY COKSTR. -----------------------

2 ,4 7 9
1 ,4 9 0
251
724
10

$
9 .5 2
9 .5 0
9 .5 0
9 .5 4
9 .6 5

CARPENTERS ----------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ ) ----------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)----------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

8 ,5 5 2
4 ,2 2 0
350
3 ,5 2 6
81
375

9 .1 6
9 .1 5
9 .1 6
9 .1 6
9 .2 6
9 .2 5

CEMENT MASONS ----------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. (5 STORY ♦ ) ----------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)----------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

1 ,9 5 2
1 ,1 9 1
112
405
205
39

9 .0 9
9 .0 8
9 .1 0
9 .1 0
9 .0 9
9 .1 7

ELECTRICIANS ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. (5 STORY ♦ ) ----------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----------------------

7 ,1 9 3
6 ,6 8 3
230
280

9 .0 5
9 .0 9
8 .8 4
8 .2 1

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. (5 STORY ♦ ) -----------------------------

189
115
54

9 .1 7
9 .1 8
9 .1 3

PIPEFITTERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

2 ,6 6 5
2 ,3 9 6
181

9 .3 6
9 .3 6
9 .3 9

_

PLUMBERS --------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----------------------

3 ,4 5 6
2 ,0 1 6
1 ,2 1 4

9 .6 0
9 .6 1
9 .5 7

19

ROOFERS ----------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----------------------

1 ,4 7 1
1 ,1 5 5
316

8 .7 0
8 .9 4
7 .8 1

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----------------------

2 ,6 8 6
2 ,1 8 4
442

STRUCTURAL IRCN WCRKERS --------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

2416
1480
251
674
7
4

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

—

-

—

2

_
-

-

-

4
—
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

~

84
-

_
—

_
-

784
_
-

-

_
—

-

_
—

—

384
276
75
33
_
-

_
-

_
—
-

3

24
6

42

11

3 5428
5163
155
3 110

62
42

-

_

_
-

126
73
41
_
-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

—

160
50
•1 1 0

10
10

_

_

_

_

—

—

-

-

9 .2 3
9 .2 6
9 .1 0

1C
10

-

1 ,9 7 0
1 ,5 5 4
242

9 .5 8
9 .6 0
9 .4 8

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

705
171
66
62
406

9 .4 2
9 .3 0
8 .9 9
9 .4 3
9 .5 4

-

—
—
-

-

~

~

_

-

33
33

24
4
2
15

3 1871
- 1185
112
348
204
3
22

19

-

145
68
4
69
4

-

-

38
43

-

48

_
-

-

12

202
45.
109

-

-

51
10

—

24 8089
24 4071
340
- 3317
68
293

_

_
-

12

—

-

-

—
-

10

42

-

-

333
333
—

20

30

_

63
42
13

—
-

2513
2292
151

12
12

177 2592
177 1449
923
_
-

_

2421
2050
311

36
36

_

_

-

-

-

-

40
22
18

-

-

-

-

1
-

—

10
10
-

-

5

1 ,
’

-

-

626
596

1291
1085
206

172
51
121

—

62
H
4
10
13
27

6

8

-

—

-

-

_
~

124
86
20
194
80
114

_
-

16
6

10
474
310
15«

_
-

-

-

14
14
-

117 1536
93 1179
24
203

273
"?73

_

—
-

42
20
12

275
262
3

320
57
4
43
216

ltf 3
33

E Q U IP M E N T OPERATORS
BACK-HOE OPERATORS -------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----STREET ANO HIGHWAY -------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e .

~

12
12
-

~

2
2

228
47
42
19
120

—
-

—

-

7u

Table 13. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Chicago, III.' — Continued
( N u m b e r ynH a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , * S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of-

s

Average
hourly
earnings5

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S — C o n tin u e d

941

339
321

TRUCKCRIVERS ------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)---------STREET AND HIGHWAY ----------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ----------

1 r892
734
229
665
264

212
66

s

s

s

s

$

s

s

s

under

8 .0 0

BULLDOZER OPERATORS -----------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)---------STREET AND HIGHWAY ----------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ----------

t

8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80
Vnder a n d .............................
a nd
8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9«CC 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80 over

$

9.07
9.08
8.89
8.97
9.19

-

60
14
30
15

47
12

-

1

6.27
6.40
6.29
6.17

757
164
36
283
271

26
5

27

17

6
15

'1892
734
229
665
264

6.12

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
Number
of
workers *

Average
hourly
earnings 5

1 -------- $
S
S
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
► 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0
40
U nder
and
$
under

and

A*40

.60 6 .8 0

7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0

over

26
12
10

40
10 40
*

6
-

2
2
~

A P P R E N T IC E S

BRICKLAYERS -----------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) —

321
154
121

1.61
6.83
6.46

CARPENTERS ------------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (5 STORY ♦) ---RES. (UNOER 5 STORY) —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. —

717
331
28
346
12

6.19
6.27
6.33
6.06
7.32

CEMENT MASONS --------COMMERCIAL --------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)STREET AND HIGHWAY —

120
59
51
6
987
923

6.08
6.16

PIPEFITTERS
COMMERCIAL ---

176
172
364
157
195

5.95
5.17
6.61

ROOFERS --------------COMMERCIAL ---------

235
224
381
311
70

5.65
5.58
5.98

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ---------

24
24

6.98
6.98

-

1

-

-

22
22
”
211
101
6
103
1

-

-

8
2

14

4
4
-

-

—
-

42
3

-

85
4

39

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e .




9
9
-

_

184
83
12

—

82
11
65
_

—

12

“

—

159
82
6
71

_

11
11
-

6.72
6.69

SHEET-METAL WORKERS --COMMERCIAL --------RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI-

_

—

6.49
6.49

PLUMBERS -------COMMERCIAL --RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-

1

2
2

7.21
7.08
7.47
7.13

ELECTRICIANS ---------COMMERCIAL ---------

62
20
30

167
136

44
44

48
36

34
34

2
2

9
9

35
32

-

36
23
13

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

98
67
31

_
-

-

-

6

3

75
63
12

-

“
“

“

“

~

3

—

-

-

_

16
4

_

_

—

-

-

72
46
2
23
1

_

-

5
3

—

—

2

9
_

_

—

6
~
43
43

-

29
29

2
2

86
86

-

6
6

_

_

20
20

_

~

~

5
2

-

“

_

3
3
~

23
1
22

4

-

53
53

21
18

17
17

21
21

139
127

27
27

_

_

_

-

-

~

3
3
-

55
3
46

71
13
58

_

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

-

9

39
28

15
15

12
12

_

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

18
18

-

_

~

-

-

10
10

~

39
39

_

-

-

116
91
25

-

-

-

-

-

10

77
77

21

-

’

8

8

-

“

—

-

-

_

87

-

13
4

1
1
-

31
27

22
22

66

28
16
6

12
4
8

2
2

-

5
5

—

12

13
3

30
21
9

3
3

-

10

_

86

22
86

-

29
6
21
2

10

“

82

22

*94

96
96

109
109

19
19

_
-

28
21
1

21
21

_

6
-

-

-

~
-

~

'
-

-

“

-

-

5
5

“

1
1

Table 13. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Chicago, III.'— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 3 )
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—

s
S
$
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
f
5
%
S
S
i
1
S
1
4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 b . d O 6 . 4 0 6.60 6.80 7 .00 7 .20 7 •40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40
hourly
U nder and
earning*5
S
under
4 .4 0
4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 8 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6.2<* 6 . 4 0 , 6 . 6 0 6 .8 0 7.00 7 .20 7 • 40 7 •60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60
%

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number

of
worker*4

$
8.60

A venge

a nd
over

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R ER S
C A R P ENTERS* H E L P E R S -----------------------------RES. (UN D E R 5 S T O R Y 1------------------------

63“
63

5 .0 9
5 .0 9

ia14
14

20
20

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

C O N S T R U C T I O N LAB O R E R S -------------------------- 1 5 ,7 7 8
C O M M E R C I A L ------------------------------------------ 7 ,8 4 6
RES. ( 5 STO R Y «) -----------------554
RES. (UN0ER 5 S TORY) -------------3 ,1 4 4
S TREET A N O HIG H W A Y --------------1 ,8 5 0
O T H E R H E A V Y C O NSTR. ------------------------ 2 ,3 8 4

6 .9 0
6 .8 7
6 .9 1
6 .8 9
6 .8 8
7 .0 2

8

48
48

_
-

_
-

157
87

_
-

9
-

10
10

3
3

36
36

20
20

64
44

156
3

5

_
-

—
_
-

10
60
-

_
-

9
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

—
_
-

_
■_
-

20

878
341
10
112
153
262

891
186

-

13469
7035
542
2881
1556
1455

21
33
651

6
4
1

1
8
0

ELECT R I C I A N S * HEL P E R S --------------C O M M E R C I A L -------------------------

119
56

4 .8 3
6 .0 5

_

_

_

21

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

-

16
16

-

—
-

E L E V A T O R C O N S T R U C T O R S * H E L P E R S ------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------------------------------RES. ( 5 S T O R Y ♦ ) ------------------------------

161
97
47

6 .3 8
6 .3 8 _
6 .3 7

-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

~
“

-

-

-

8
_
1362
20
_

«

_
-

127
79
39

*
_

*
34
18
8

_

_

_

_

_
-

2

2

1
1

2

2

-

6
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

0

—
—

-

-

—
—

-

-

_

-

-

6
I
0

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

T h e C h ic a g o S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C o o k , D u P a g e , K a n e , L a k e , M c H e n r y , a n d W ill C o u n tie s .
F o r t h e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y s e e a p p e n d ix A.
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
E s t i m a t e s o f t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s itio n o f t h e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d o n d i s t a n c e b e tw e e n lo c a lL u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s
un
c o n s tr u c ti o n s ite ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f t h i s s u r v e y .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 0 to $ 1 0 .2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 42 a t $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ; 21 a t $ 7 to $ 7 .2 0 ; a n d 21 a t $ 7 .2 0 to $ 7 .4 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 30 a t $ 5 to $ 5 .2 0 ; 40 a t $ 5 .2 0 to $ 5 .4 0 ; 10 a t $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ; 10 a t $ 5 .6 0 to $ 5 .8 0 ; 10 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .2 0 ; a n d 10 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 479 a t $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 ; 22 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .2 0 ; 881 a t $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 2 48 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; 66 a t $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; 188 a t $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 ; a n d 8 a t $ 7
to $ 7 .2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 36 a t $ 8 .6 0 to $ 8 .8 0 ; a n d 4 a t $ 9 to $ 9 .2 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 5 a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; a n d 9 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 21 a t $ 3 to $ 3 .2 0 ; 21 a t $ 3 .2 0 to $ 3 .4 0 ; a n d 20 a t $ 3 .8 0 to $ 4 .







Table 14. Occupational earnings (union): Chicago. Ill
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s ,
c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r ie s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
S

Number
of
worker, 4

Average

BRICKLAYERS ------------------------------------ ___ ___
COMMERCIAL --------------------------------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ ! ------------------- —
RES. (UN0ER.5 STORYI------------ --------—
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------------ —

2 ,4 7 9
1 ,4 9 0
251
724
10

9 .5 2
9 .5 0
9 .5 0
9 .5 4
9 .6 5

CARPENTERS ---------------------------------------________
COMMERCIAL -------------------------------- —
RES. (5 STORY ♦ ! ------------------- ------ - - RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI------------ —
STREET ANO HIGHWAY --------------------- --—
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------------ —

8 ,5 4 6
4 ,2 2 0
350
3 ,5 2 0
81
375

9 .1 6
9 .1 5
9 .1 6
9 .1 6
9 .2 6
9 .2 5

“

CEMENT MASONS --------------------------------________
COMMERCIAL -------------------------------- —
RES. 15 STORY *1 ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORYI------------ —
STREET ANO HIGHWAY ---------------—
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------------ —

1 ,9 5 2
1 ,1 9 1
112
405
205
39

9 .0 9
9 .0 8
9 .1 0
9 .1 0
9 .0 9
9 .1 7

-

-

ELECTRICIANS ---------------------------------- _______
COMMERCIAL -------------------------------- —
RES. (5 STORY ♦ ! ----------------- —
RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI----------- —

7 ,1 0 9
6 ,6 8 3
230
196

9 .0 8
9 .0 9
8 .8 4
9 .0 1

-

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS ------------- ________
COMMERCIAL ----------------------------- —
RES. ( 5 STORY ♦ ! ----------------- —

189
115
54

9 .1 7
9 .1 8
9 .1 3

-

PIPEFITTERS --------------------------------- _____ __
COMMERCIAL ----------------------------- —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------

2 ,6 6 5
2 ,3 9 6
181

9 .3 6
9 .3 6
9 .3 9

-

PLUMBERS --------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------- —
RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI----------- —

3 ,4 3 7
2 ,0 1 6
1 ,1 9 5

9 .6 2
9 .6 1
9 .6 3

ROOFERS ----------------------------------------- ________
COMMERCIAL ----------------------------- —
RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI----------- —

1 ,3 0 1
1 ,0 9 5
206

9 .1 0
9 .1 0
9 .0 8

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----------------- ________
COMMERCIAL ----------------------------- —
RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI----------- —

2 ,6 7 6
2 ,1 8 4
432

9 .2 4
9 .2 6
9 .1 5

-

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS --------- ________
COMMERCIAL ----------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ----------- -------- —

1 ,9 7 0
1 ,5 5 4
242

9 .5 8
9 .6 0
9 .4 8

—

705
171
66
62
406

9 .4 2
9 .3 0
8 .9 9
9 .4 3
9 .5 4

$

$

$

-

Occupation 3 and type
of construction

S

$

$

$

$

$

8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .4 0 9 .6 0 9 .8 0
and
and
$ 8 .0 0 under
9 .6 0 9 .8 0 over
8 .2 0 8 .4 p 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .4 0

a m iu p 5 Under

JO UR NEYM EN
$

2416
~

“

~

~

-

-

-

-

12

51

—

—
—

— 1480
251
-

-

10
-

674
7

12

—

-

38
63

145
68
4
69

24
4
2
15

62
8
4
10
13
27

-

“

-

“

~

~

24 8089
24 4071
340
- 3317
68
293
~

202
45
-

-

48

4

3

-

-

24
6

11

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

42

5

~

-

3 1871
- 1185
112
348
204
3
22

42

-

-

~

-

1

8

6

~

384
276
75
33

-

-

3 5428
5163
155
3
110

62
42
20

626
596
30

333
333
*

273
273
“

~
-

-

-

-■

-

-

-

—

■ "*

-

-

~

126
73
41

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

~

-

33
33

172
51
121

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

—

~

1291
1085
206
~
~

—

109

10
-

—

-

—

-

-

63
42
13

“

~

12
12
~

124
86
20

16
6
10

177 2592
177 1449
923

194
80
114

474
310
158

2513
2292
151

10
10
—
2421
2050
311

”
36
36
“

117 1536
93 1179
24
203

—
~
14
14

-

—

42
20
12

275
262
3

320
57
4
43
216

103
33

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK-HOE OPERATORS ------------------- ___ ____
COMMERCIAL ----------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI----------STREET ANO HIGHWAY ------------- -------- —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

_

_

12
12
-

-

-

-

—

-

40
22
18
~

2
-

2
~

228
47
42
19
120

_

_

—
-

-

-

-

70

Table 14. Occupational earnings (union): Chicago, III.1 Continued
—
(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o ccu p ation s, co n stru ctio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 1973)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e
_______________ hourly earnings 5 of— _______________________
Number
of
w orkers

Occupation 3 and type
of construction

s

A verage
hourly
earnings 5

f

$

8.00 8.20
Under

s

t

$

$

s

$

$

8.40 8.60 8.8C 9.00 9.2 0 9.40 9.6 0 9.60

and
under

*8 . 0 0

and

8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9 . CO 9.20 9.40 9.6 0 9 .8 0 over
E Q U IPM ENT O PER ATO RS— Continued

$
941

BULLDOZER OPERATORS --------------------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------STREET AN0 HIGHWAY ----------------------OTHER HEAVY C0NSTR. ---------------------

339
321

TRUCK0RIVERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-----------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY -------------------------OTHER HEAVY C0NSTR. ------------------------

s

s

$

$

$

s

s

$

4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80
Number
A verage
hourly Under and
of
w orkers 4 earnings 5*4 .0 0 under
4.2 0 4.40 4.6 0 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

35

~

47

60
14
30
15

-

1

~

757
164
36
283
271

9

15

-

-

9

15

26
5

27
17

-

6

_

10

15

73C
229
665
264

6 .1 2

s

-

-

6.27
6.40
6.29
6.17

8 88

730
229
665
264

$

-

9.07
9.08
8.89
8.97
9.1 9

212
66

s

t

s

6.40

6.60 6.80 7.0 0 7.20 7.40 7.60

6.00 6.20

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

8.00

8.40 8.80

over

62
48

4
4

6.40 6.60 6.8 0 7.00 7.2 0 7.40 7.6 0

8.00

s

$

8.40 8.80
and

6.00 6.20

A P P R E N T IC E S
$
6.61
6.83
6.46

-

-

-

-

6.19
6.27
6.33
6.06
7.32

-

-

“

~

~

-

59
51

7.21
7.08
7.47
7.13

*

—
-

—
-

—
-

ELECTRICIANS ------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

987
923

6.08
6.16

103
75

PIPEFITTERS -------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

176
172

6.4 9
6.49

PLUMBERS ---------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------------------

364
157
195

5.95
5.17
6.61

ROOFERS------------------r ---------------------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------------------------------

235
224

6.72
6.69

SHEET-METAL WORKERS -----------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------------------

381
311
70

5.65
5.58
5.98

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS ---------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------------------------------

24
24

6.98
6.98

BRICKLAYERS -------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY)--------------------

321
154

CARPENTERS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (5 STORY ♦ ) ------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. --------------------

717
331
28
346

CEMENT MASONS ----------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ---------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




121

12
120
6

-

~

2
2

_
-

1

-

1

62

20

30

1

-

1

—
-

2
2

22
22
"

_
—
~

211
101
6
103
1

8
2

_
-

42
3
39
-

12

_
-

—
-

_
—
-

2
2

9
9

_
—
-

_
-

184
83

12

_
-

85
4

_
_
_
-

8

4

2
2

6
2

-

14

-

-

4
4
-

65

_
_
-

5
5
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

159
82

_

11
11

_
_

29

6
21
2

2
2
-

17
17

21
21

139
127

27
27

_

_

_
_

_

_

28

21
1

-

-

•

-

44
44

36
23
13

48
36

34
34

-

_

-

-

“

98
67
31

_

-

-

-

-

_

96
96

53
53

21

-

-

1 86
1 82

_

_

-

_

30

21
9

-

13
3

10

-

10
10
-

-

94

88
6

-

_

_

3

-

-

-

“

-

3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

75
63

12

_
-

3
3

22
22

5
5

3

_

87

_

_

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
5

_

-

21
21
_

1
1

109
109

35
32
19
19

62
59

82

_

-

66
21
8
8

1
1

18

9
9
-

6

71

_ 22

22

_

-

-

18

_

_

6

_
-

_
_
_
_
-

-

_

_

18

3
3

-

-

3
3
-

39
39

-

10
10

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

77
77

_

16
4
_

12
31
27
4

_
_
_
_
_
-

12
4
8
5

2

28
16

6

_
-

13
4

77
49

10
6

2
2

9

2
25
1

_
_

1
1

23

3
3
-

_
_
-

86
86
20
20

19
19

30
30

-

-

31
31

1
22

6

-

_

_

-

-

55
3
46

71
13
58

_

_

9

_

_

-

9

-

-

39
28

15
15

12
12

6
6

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

116
91
25

10
10

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

1

5
5

-

Table 14. Occupational earnings (union): Chicago, III.'— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 1 S e p te m b e r 197 3)
2

O c c u p a tio n 34 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

s
s
A v e ra g e
4 .0 0 4 ,2 0
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s s U nder and
$ 4 .0 0 u n d er
4 .2 0

s
5
4 ,4 0

I
4 ,6 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5* o f—
8
7
s
s
S
$
s
s
$
s
S
S
S
r™
4 ,8 0
5 ,0 0
5 .2 0
5 ,4 0
5 ,6 0
5 ,8 0

"5
$
$
6 ,0 0 8 ,0 0 6 ,2 0 8.80 6 ,4 0
7 ,6 0
8 .4 0

1

and

4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 ,2 0 5 .4 0 5 ,6 0 5 ,8 0 6 ,0 0 6 ,2 0 6 ,4 0 6 ,6 0 6 ,8 0 7 ,0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 ,6 06 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 ,8 p over

H E L P E R S AND LA BO R ERS
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS ---------------COMMERCIAL -------------------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ > -------------------RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY)-------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ---------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. --------------

15.437
7.622
554
3.087
1.790
2.384

$
6.93
6.91
6.91
6.91
6.94
7.02

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS ----------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------

56
56

6.05
6.05

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL --------------------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ ) ---------------------

161
97
47

6.38
6.38
6.37

1
2
3
4
5
4
7
8

S ee fo o tn o te 1, t a b l e 13.
S e e fo o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 13.
S ee f o o tn o te 3 , t a b l e 13.
S ee f o o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 13.
S ee f o o tn o te 5 , t a b l e 13.
S ee fo o tn o te 6 , t a b l e 13.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s :
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 3 .8 0 to $ 4 .




_
-

82 0

_
-

_
-

.

.

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2C
-

~

20
20

24
24

-

13449
7025
542
2871
1556
1455

-

-

-

-

24
15
3

-

_

_

-

-

*

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

, -

-

-

_
-

10

_

_

10

-

_

12
12

"

-

127
79
39

-

34
18

-

8

_

_

844
307

891
186

156
35

10
112

21

153
262

33
651

61
48

23
1

2

_
-

16
16

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

-

22

6

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

10

_
-

_

_

-

-

10

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
10

_
-

4 7 9 a t $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 ; 18 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .2 0 ; 881 a t $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 2 4 8 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; 66 a t $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; 188 a t $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 ; a n d 8 a t $7 to $ 7 .2 0 .

6 ,6 0 6

Table 15. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Chicago. III.'
(N um ber and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s of w o rk e rs in se le c te d o cc u p atio n s, c o n s tru c tio n in d u s tr i e s ,2 S ep te m b er 1973)
N u m b er of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 2 of—
A
A
7
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
1
A
A
A
A
N um ber
A v erag e A
of
h o u rly 9 .0 0 9*20 9 .4 0 9 . A0 9 .0 0 A.CO A. 20 4*40 4 . A0 4 .0 0 7*00 7*20 7*40 7 .4 0 7 .0 0 0 .0 0
and
w o r k e r s 4 e a rn in g s 2
under

O ccu p atio n 2 and type
of co n stru c tio n

9 .2 0 9 .4 0 5 .4 0 9 .0 0 A. 00 4 .2 0 4*40 A.AO 4*00 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7*40 7*40 7 .0 0 0 .0 0 0 .2 0
JOURNEYM EN
$

m a*

1 7(1
&IV

40

90

30

10

10

10

10

10

$
a
A
1
3
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
t
N um ber
A verage 3*40 3 •AO 3 . AO 4 .0 0 4*20 4 .4 0 4 . A0 4 .0 0 9 .0 0 5 .2 0 9*40 9*40 9 .0 0 A .00 4*20 4 * 4 0 4*40 4 .0 0 7*00 7 .2 0 7*40
of
h o u rly
and
w o r k e r s 4 ea rn in g s 2 u n d e r
3*A0 3 •AO 4 .0 0 4►.20 4*40 4 . A0 4*00 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .4 0 9 . A0 9 .0 0 A .00 4*20 4 * 4 0 A . 40 4 .0 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7*40
H E L P E R S AND LABORERS

im
m

CARPENTERS* HELPERS -----------------------RES* fUNOER S STORY1------------------

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS -------------------- . . .
COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------. . .
RES* IUNOSR 9 STORY1------------------




A3
AS
341
224
97

$
5 .0 9
5 .0 9
S.A 9
5 .5 5
s .r s

_
4

4

-

-

4

4

5
5

9
9

.

.

.

-

-

-

20
20
40
40

-

-

_

.

-

10
10
140
70
10

-

_

.

9

.

9

10
10

-

.
.

.

14
14
24
24

-

_
.

40
20
20

-

_
.
*

'
2
2
4
5

S ee footnote 1, ta b le 13.
S ee footnote 2, ta b le 13.
S ee footnote 3, ta b le 13.
S ee footnote 4, ta b le 13*
E x c lu d e s p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and h a s a rd o u s w ork and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid ay s, and la te s h ifts .

20
10
10

34
34

-

9
9

_
.
‘




Table 16. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Cleveland, Ohio1
(Num ber and average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations, construction industries,

2

September 1973)

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings

o f—
$
s
s
9.4 0 9 .6 0 9.8 0

.
6.20 6.40 6.60 6

o
o

aad
under

6 .0 0

0
9
o

Occupation 3 and type o f
construction

5

S
S
S
$
S
S
$
S
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
6.00 6 .2 0 6.4 0 6.60 6.8 0 7.0 0 7.20 7.4 0 7.6 0 7.8 0 8.0 0 8.2 0 8.4 0 8.60 8.8 0 9 .0 0 9.2 0

Number A verage
hourly
of
w orkers 4 earnings 5 $___

►
7.20 7. 40 7.60 7.►80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80 over

JO U RNE YM EN

763
474

BRICKLAYERS ------------COMMERCIAL ----------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

834
525
168

9.49
9.49
9.48

CARPENTERS ---------COMMERCIAL -----RES. (5 STORY ♦ ) ---RES. (UNDER 5 STORYI-

1,875
1,223
54
509

9.56
9.72
9.70
9.15

33

21

33

21

CEMENT MASONS ----------COMMERCIAL -----STREET AND HIGHWAY —

353
285
47

10.06
10.48

3

9

1,005
906

9.52
9.59

50
32

_

ELECTRICIANS —
COMMERCIAL ----

693
504
98

9.04
9.42
6.55

COMMERCIAL

199
126
577
481
74
340
185

169
54
115
434
43
72
310

8.5 4
9.4 4
8.3 9
8.5 3

36

15

19

-

2

6

~
~

—

-

-

* 912

-

- 6301
11
831

_

402
401

39
39

97
96

-

432
349
20

38
21

112
101

8.33

BULLOOZER OPERATORS —
COMMERCIAL
STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

84
42

-

9.48
9.49

BACK-HOE OPERATORS
STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

1675
1181
54
357

-

_

9.8 9
9.89
9.88

STRUCTURAL IRCN WORKERS
COMMERCIAL

-

20

_

23

8
8

-

6

10.09
10.18

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ----------RES. (UN0ER 5 STORYI-

20

9.5 4
9.54

COMMERCIAL ----------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)—

_

63
51

35
35

30
15

8 .6 6

538
536

_

30

*

PIPEFITTERS
COMMERCIAL

49
-

849

20
11
9

11
11

_

_

-

10
10

-

_

_

-

_
—

-

21
11
10

—

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

~
-

9199

-

126

-

481
74

334

6
6

179

E Q U IP M E N T O PE R ATO R S

TRUCKORIVERS COMMERCIAL
STREET ANO HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

See footnotes at end of table.

165
19
56
90

8.43
8 .6 6

6.3 2
6.72
6.2 8
6.2 7

_

_

-

139
24

—

—

—

_

—

—

—

9

-

-

-

_

_

~

-

151
10
53

*

-

-

3
~

3

_
—

2
~
—

9
9

~

~

-

~

~

_

—

30
30

—

—

—

_

_

165

18

_

-

43
43

165

-

145

*

~

-

-

—

—

~

—

~

~

-

~

—

—

Table 16. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Cleveland, Ohio‘— Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly earn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s, co n stru ctio n in d u s trie s , 2 S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
Occupation 3 and type of
construction

$
$
$
$
%
$
%
%
$
$
$
$
Number
Average
hourly
of
Under 3 , 8 0 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 . 0 0
w orkers 4 earnings s S
and
3.80 under
4.00 4.2 0 4.40 4.60 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

$

$

$

6 .2 0

6.40

6

. 60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80

8 .0 0

6.4 0 6.60

6

. 80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80

over

$

S

%

$

%

$

$
and

8 .0 0

A P P R E N T IC E S

$

-

BRICKLAYERS -------------------------

21

4.61

-

-

11

-

-

-

CARPENTERS -------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

103
90

5.75
5.71

_

_

-

_

_

-

~

41
39

CEMENT M A S O N S ----------------------- ---------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

13
12

10

10
8

-

-

-

-

_

6

_

-

5

15
13

7.20
7.32

E L E C T R I C I A N S ------------------------- ----------COMMERCIAL *----------------------------------

111

99

5.71
5.67

PIPEFITTERS -------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

114
113
132
115

7.05
6.87

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ---------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------

47
47

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS ------------

-

-

-

-

_

4

_

_

_

-

_

_

*

47
41

1

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

_

1
1

35
35

4
2

21

-

_
*

4
4

_

3
3

_
-

_

-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

~

_
-

18
18

6.08

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
31

5.26
5.26

6
6

3
3

_

3
3

_

_

3
3

.

.

-

-

3»219
1,667
162
242
539
609

7.39
7.57
7.63
7.32
6.99
7.19

23

6

-

3

-

_

_

18

22

5.96
5.96

34

CARPENTERS* HELPERS ---------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)------------CONSTRUCTION LABORERS -------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ ) ---------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)------------STREET AND HIGHWAY -------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------

-

7
7

-

-

4
4

-

6
6

-

-

4
4

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_

_
-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

17
17

4
4

1

12

3

20
20

10
10

11

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

22

_

10
10

-

-

-

6
6

18

15

_

3

1

-

-

1

u62
61

19
15

1 51
Z
41

15
15

11

1
1

22

_

25

-

-

-

1

1
1

7.99
7.98

PLUMBERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------

1

-

15
13

4
4

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

791
105

253

6

1908
1486
162
146
48

104
34

14
14

40

_
_

66

30

-

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
20

6

3

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

18

40
28
12

_
_

_
_

8

_
_

18

7

-

-

_

20

_
_
•_

18
2

24
287
375

_
_
148
105

_
6

1
T h e C le v e la n d S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C u y a h o g a , G e a u g a , L a k e , and M e d in a C o u n tie s .
2
F o r th e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u rv e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
3
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
4
E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d as a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of th e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r
th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
5
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and h a z a r d o u s w o rk and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h if t s .
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly
b a s e d on d is t a n c e b e tw e e n lo c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s
and th e c o n s tr u c ti o n s it e ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s fo r p u r p o s e s o f th is s u r v e y .
6
A il w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 0 .4 0 to $ 1 0 .6 0 .
7
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s ;
910 a t $ 9 .8 0 to $ 10; and 2 a t $10 to $ 1 0 .2 0 .
8
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as fo llo w s;
10 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 ; 10 a t $5 to $ 5 .2 0 ; 20 a t $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ; and 9 a t $ 5 .6 0 to $ 5 .8 0 .
9
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s;
175 a t $ 9 .8 0 to $ 10; 18 a t $11 to $ 1 1 .2 0 ; 3 a t $ 1 1 .6 0 to $ 1 1 .8 0 ; and 3 a t $ 1 1 .8 0 to $12.
10 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s ; 571 a t $9 .8 0 to $ 10; 3 a t $ 1 0 .4 0 to $ 1 0 .6 0 ; and 3 a t $11 to $ 1 1 .2 0 .
11 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
13 a t $8 to $ 8 .2 0 ; 1 a t $ 8 .2 0 to $ 8 .4 0 ; 8 a t $ 8 .4 0 to $ 8 .6 0 ; 12 a t $ 8 .6 0 to $ 8 .8 0 ; 3 a t $ 8 .8 0 to $9; 16 a t $9 to $ 9 .2 0 ; 6 a t $ 9 .4 0 to $9.60;
and 3 a t $10 to $ 1 0 .2 0 .
12 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s:
17 a t $ 8 .2 0 to $ 8 .4 0 ; and 34 a t $ 8 .8 0 to $ 9 .




Table 17. Occupational earnings (union): Cleveland, Ohio
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s ,
c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

Number
°£
4
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v
e a rn in g s
S
$
$
$
Average
8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80
hourly }
U nder
.
earnings
^
and
■ —
under

ing s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly
s of—
S
$
$
$
$
9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80
a nd

8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80 o v e r

JO U R N E Y M E N
$
9.49
9.49
9.48

1*759
1*223
54
393

9.72
9.72
9.70
9.75

C E M E N T MASONS -----------------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------------STR E E T ANO HIGHWAY ---------------

341
285
47

10.20
10.48
8.66

15
'•
*15

E L E C T R I C I A N S ------------------------C O M M E R C I A L ------------------------




834
525
168

C A R P E N T E R S ---------------------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ ) ----------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY I--------------

52

B R I C K L A Y E R S --------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY 1--------------

947
866

9.82
9.82

_

P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------C O M M E R C I A L ------------------------

538
536

9.54
9.54

_

PLUMBERS
COMMERCIAL

582
471

9.61
9.61

R O O F E R S -----COMMERCIAL

199
126

10*09
10*18

10 199
126

S H E E T - M E T A L WORKERS ----C O M M E R C I A L -----------RES. (UNOER 5 S T O R Y ) -

577
481
74

9.89
9.89
9.88

11577
481
74

STRU C T U R A L IRON WORKERS -----------C O M M E R C I A L ------------------------

340
185

9.48
9.49

_

B A C K - H O E OPERATORS -----STR E E T ANO HIGHWAY —
O T H E R H E A V Y CONSTR. -

169
54
115

8.43
8.66
8.33

-

139
.24
115

B U L L D O Z E R OPERATORS ----C O M M E R C I A L -----------STR E E T ANO HIGHWAY O T H E R H E A V Y CONSTR. —

425
43
72
310

8.60
9.44
8.39
8.53

-

199
—
54
145

T R U C K O R I V E R S ------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------S T R E E T ANO HIGHWAY O T H E R H E A V Y CONSTR. -

156
10
56
90

6.27
6.24
6.28
6.27

,2156
10
56
90

-

-

~

-

~

-

—

763
474
168

8

- 1181
54
- 357
2

_

2

“

-

23
19

_

_

-

36

_

‘301
285
"11

35
35

_

•912
831

_

“

402
401

39
39

97
96

_

-

432
349

38
21

112
9101

_

_

-

_

84
42

_

-

63
51
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
“

43
43
“

-

_
—
-

334
179

6
6

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

See footnotes at end of table.

-

30
30
-

165
165

18
18

-

Table 17. Occupational earnings (union): Cleveland, Ohio'— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
$

Number
of
workers4

%

S

$

%

S

S

$

$

S

S

S

S

$

S

S

$

)

t

$

$

$

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 . 20

6 .4 0

6 . 60

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

4 .4 0 _ 4 . 6 0

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

4 ,8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5*40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 . 40

6 .6 0

6 . 80

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

Average 4 . 2 0
hourly
earnings 5

and

under
o
*
■
0
0

over

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

6
6

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

17
17

4

1
1

13
13

1
1

1

_

3

-

-

1

20
20

APPRENTICES
$

B R I C K L A Y E R S ---------------------------

21

4 .6 1

C A R P E N T E R S ---------------------------C O M M E R C I A L -------------------------

103
90

5 .7 5
5 .7 1

C E MENT M ASONS ------------------------C O M M E R C I A L -------------------------

13
12
111
99

5 .7 1
5 .6 7

P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------(tUSSCNblSL
—— — —— —— —

114
113
99
82

8 .1 2
8 .1 0

S H E E T - M E T A L WOR K E R S -----------------C O M M E R C I A L -------------------------

47
47

5 .9 6
5 .9 6

STRU C T U R A L

34

6 .0 8

-

_

_

-

1C

41
39

_
-

7 .9 9
7 .9 8

P L U M B E R S ------------------------------C O M M E R C I A L -------------------------

-

_

7 .2 0
7 .3 2

E L E C T R I C I A N S -------------------------C O M M E R C I A L -------------------------

11

IRON W O R K E R S -------------

•

-

10
8

_
-

6
5

15
13
1

_
“

35
35

_

4

_

_

-

2

-

-

25
21

_

_
~

15
13

1
1

-

1

_

-

-

-

4
1

1
1

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

47
41

-

4

_

12
12

3
3

-

_

~

-

_

“
7

1
1

-

1

_

_

-

1
1

-

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

4

_

10
10

~

-

_

_

~

-

19
15
15

_
-

17
12

13

48
47

14 3 4
29

4

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

8

-

3

-

1

253

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1908
1486
162
146
48

104
34

14
14

40

_
_

66

3C

HELPERS AND LABORERS
C O N S T R U C T I O N L ABORERS --------------C O M M E R C I A L ------------------------RES. 15 -STORY ♦ ) ----------------RES. (UNDER 5 S T O R Y ) -------------S T R E E T ANO H I G H W A Y --------------O T H E R H E A V Y CONSTR. --------------




1
2
3
4
3
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14

3 .1 2 9
1 .6 3 9
162
218
501
609

S e e f o o tn o te 1 , t a b l e 1 6 .
S e e fo o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 1 6 .
S e e f o o tn o te 3 , t a b l e 1 6 .
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 16.
S e e f o o tn o te 5 , t a b l e 1 6 .
S e e f o o tn o te 6 , t a b l e 1 6 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7 .8 0 to $ 8 .
S e e fo o tn o te 7 , t a b l e 1 6 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s:
S e e f o o tn o te 9 , t a b l e 1 6 .
S e e fo o tn o te 1 0 , t a b l e 16.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s:
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s:
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 8 .8 0 to $ 9 .

7
7
7
7
7
7

.4 5
.6 0
.6 3
.5 8
.1 8
.1 9

18

'

15

_

-

-

-

8

_

18

7

-

20

-

_
18
2

791
105
24
287
375

_
148
105

_
_
6

_

93 a t $ 9 .8 0 to $ 1 0 ; a n d 8 a t $ 10 to $ 1 0 .2 0 .

151 a t $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 3 a t $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; a n d 2 a t $ 7 to $ 7 .2 0 .
a t $ 8 .4 0 to $ 8 .6 0 ; 12 a t $ 8 .6 0 to $ 8 .8 0 ; 3 a t $ 8 .8 0 to $ 9 ; 16 a t $ 9 to $ 9 .2 0 ; 6 a t $ 9 .4 0 to $ 9 .6 0 ; a nd 3 a t $ 1 0 to $ 1 0 .2 0 .

8

_

_
_
_

_

_
_

_

Table 18. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Cleveland, Ohio1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 5 of—
N um be r
of
w o rk e rs 4

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a r n in g s 5 U n d e r
|i5.00

J
$
$
*
$
$
5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 . 0 0
an d
under

$

5.20 5.401 5.60 5.80

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

6.40 6.60 6.8 0 7.00 7.20 7.40

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6
6

20

$
$
$
$
%
S
$
$
6.40 6.6 0 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80

7.60 7.80

8 .0 0

$

$
$
$
$
<
8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20

%
8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .2 0

8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40

21

-

6 .2 0

JO U R N E Y M E N
CARPENTERS -----------------------------------------------pcc
(iiNnFf? *; c t p a v i
nCO* I U>1UCn v OlUHf #
•

116
116

$
7.13
7 .13

18
18

PLUMBERS ---------------------------------------------------n e J* \ UPI Is CIS 3 JlU n T 1
fllNOFR * CTnnv
n Ce
—

111

6

.05
5.79

10
10

78

N um ber
of
w o rk ers 4

9
9
10
10

-

“

~

20
20

9
9

9

.

6
6

21

10
10

11

-

-

-

_

21
10

-

-

-

30
30

-

.
-

20
20

6
6

-

-

-

-

_

-

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
%
%
$
$
%
S
$
$
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 . 0 0
A v erag e
h o u r ly
and
e a r n in g s 5 u n d e r
3.2 0 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

~
“

10
10

$
6 .2 0

$
$
%
6.40 6.60 6.80

6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00

H E L P E R S AN D L A B O R E R S
riDBCIITCDCa LCI DEDC
dec
nuunco k c T n o v i.
rm u ^ T B iirT in w i i n n o c D c ----------------------------

11

31
9C

$
5.26
5.26
5.05

~
3

8

S e e f o o tn o te 1, t a b l e 16.
S e e fo o tn o te 2, t a b l e 16.
S e e fo o tn o te 3, ta b l e 16.
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , ta b l e 16.
5 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s ,

3
3
8

3
3
4

3
3

3
6

1
2
3
4




h o lid a y s ,

3
3

a n d l a t e s h if t s .

~
~

*

3
3

~

18

40

-

-

-

6
6

Table 19. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Dallas, T ex.1
(Number

average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries,2 September 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 ofO c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tru c tio n

Number
at

^

A v en g e
bonify ^

$

$

s

$

s

s

*

s

*

2 .AO 2 .6 0 2.80 3.00 3.2 0 3.4 0 3.6 0 3.8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5.0 0 5.20 5.4 0 5.80 6 .2 0 6.60 7 .0 0 7.4 0 7 .8 0 8.20
under
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3.0 0 3.20 3.40 3.6 0 3.8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5.0 0 5,2 0 5.40 5,80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.4C 7 .8 0 8.2 0 8.60

JO U R N E Y M E N

378
358

$
7.59
7.65

CARPENTERS
COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY1STREET AND HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY C0NSTR. -

2.967
1.857
798
128
124

6.19
6.93
5.04
3.87
4.9 7

CEMENT MASONS ---------------COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)STREET AN0 HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

963
408
228
282
45

5.18
6.24
5.14
3.82
4 .3 0

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNDER 5 STORYI-

1.182
1*038
144

6.82
7.13
4.61

223
182

6.9 3
7.75

COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY I -

994
598
396

6.23
6.97
5.10

RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -

272
272

4.36
4.3 6

420
269

7.3 8
7.48

420

-

-

4

9
34

20

13
3
4

62
16
46

BRICKLAYERS
COMMERCIAL

PIPEFITTERS
COMMERCIAL

SHEET—
METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ----------

4
4
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

1
1

_

_

-

2

_

7

_

_

-

6
1

13

31

-

12

-

8

5
73
48
24

1

44

10
6

8

183

8

118
45

-

16
3

24
4

38

68
10

65

55
3

51
14

10

26

2
_ _ _ 10
10
_
16
8
16
-

_

2
-

10
10

-

10

10
112
99
13

_

29

-

28

1

57
4

96

12

76

17

36
4
24

26

45
25

33
7

-

6
8

8
8

3
19
16
3

20

12
24
24

-

386
56
290

116
32
80

271
178
72

176
124
26

30

4

21

6

_

79

10 116
16
10 100

26
26
-

-

8

2

-

2

1
1 14
3
1 11

18
4

26

-

70

-

~

53
34
19

42
52

6
6
6

68
68

4
4

274
274

42 1362
1337

2

18
18
-

5

2
2

-

22
10

10
10
“

-

-

~

“

179
163
16

8
120

~

-

-

~

~

-

?0

281
278
-

-

-

15

34
10
24

70
70

34
34

10
10

13

1

69
38
31

137
32

88

92
60
32

64
46
18

10
6

10
10

89

16
16

15

10
10

10

4
10

-

12
12
-

~

~

-

*

3

2

~

“

763
763
~

16
16
~

182

22
10

36
36

_
-

28
28

8
25
20

28

2
2

16
16

360
356
4

20
20

1

~

10

10
382
252

6

5

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK—
HGE OPERATORS
COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORYISTREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

18
82
298

BULLDOZER OPERATORS
STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. —

227
44
133

3.86
3.6 7
3.83

TRUCKDRIVERS
STREET AND HIGHWAY

104
96

2.71
2.71

4

3.57
6.9 7
4.61
3.94
3.15

See footnotes at end of table.




22

-

47
47

31
23

4
4

18
18

_

-

43

4
4

100

17

52

-

-

-

_

-

—

7

80

10

36
16

67
19
46

4

34

-

4

2
2

12
—
8
-

10

4

_

-

-

4

-

30

7

_

30

1

—
—

10

8
2
6

4
4
4

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table 19. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Dallas. Tex. — Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries,2 September 1973)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 9 of—
S
A
A
A
2 .0 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0

A
A
A
A
s
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0

o
o

Occupation 1 and type
3
2
of construction

Average
boarfy.
eanriags*

o
•
•
* «
N

Number
of
w
odcefs 4

A
A
A
A
A
A
S
A
A
A
$
A
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 • 60 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .6 0

and
under

-

and

2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 . 6 0 4 •4 9 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .6 0 over

A P P R E N T IC E S
BRICKLAYERS ---------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL------------------------------- —

38
38

$
5 .5 0
5 .5 0

CARPENTERS ------------------------------------- ___ __
COMMERCIAL ------------------------------- —

178
172

5 .4 1
5 .4 3

ELECTRICIANS --------------------------------- ______
COMMERCIAL ------------------------------------------

307
295

4 .4 2
4 .4 6

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

PLUMBERS -----------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------------------- —

142
118

5 .2 3
5 .6 5

_

_

-

-

6
-

SHEET-METAL bCRKERS ------------------- —

12
12
6

88

4 .9 6
4 .9 6

~

, ,,
BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS -----------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------------—

236
206

4 .5 4
4 .7 7

4
4

-

CARPENTERS* HELPERS-------------------- ___ __
COMMERCIAL -------------------------------- —— —
RES* IUNOER 5 STORY)-------------—
STREET ANC HIGHWAY ---------------- — —OTHER HEAVY CONSTR* ------------- —

589
299
188
72
30

4 .0 0
4 .7 3
3 .3 2
3 .1 5
2 .9 6

_
-

•

-

-

-

6 *4 2 6
2 *5 4 7
894
1 *5 4 2
1 *4 4 3

3 .4 1
4 .5 9
2 .8 2
2 .5 8
2 .6 1

131
10
51
70

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS ---------------- _____
——
COMMERCIAL -------------------------------- — — —
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------- —

588
212
376

2 .9 1
2 .9 0
2 .9 1

PLUMBERS* HELPERS------------------------------ ---COMMERCIAL -------------------------------- — ---RES. IUNOER 5 STO R Y ) -------------- --- ------

471
145
326

3 .6 0
3 .8 7
3 .4 8

16
10

-

_

___
STRUCTURAL IRCA WORKERS ----------COMMERCIAL ------------------------------------------

_

-

51
39

84
84

6
6

-

6
-

_

6
-

_

_

-

-

20
20

26
26

_
-

44
44

38
38

-

6
6

12
12

6
6

_

_

-

•

-

~

*

3
3
40
40

6

-

6

•

“

“

150
150

_
-

26
26

8
8

-

4
4

-

-

44
34
10

84
84
-

7
6
-

29 1553
- 1551
29

40
40

6

-

12

-

10

•

10
10

16
16
10

6

4
_

28
_

-

18
18

18
18

12
12

17
17

to
10

12
12
38
38

40
40

_

4 .9 5

270
270

_

60
60

-

36
36

“
-

18
18

-

-

H E L P E R S AND LA BO RER S

__

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS ---------------COMMERCIAL -------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------- —
STREET ANC HIGHWAY ---------------- —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------- —

---

—
-

_

_

4
4

36
36

_

-

34
4

_

-

-

-

37
28
5
4

38
10
10
9
9

8
•
8
-

73
48
13
12

46
6
20
19
1

49
10
30
8
1

14
4
•
8
2

2
2
-

49
6
42

763 1480
26
56
48
302
222 757
467
365

765
52
138
327
248

83
10
25
48

568
102
248
88
130

215
72
62
27
54

279
158
68
33
20

104
86
6
11
1

10
10
“

92
80
6
1
5

69
68
-

24
18
6

1

. -

1

36
36

195
142
53

137
12
125

10
10

68
4

29
11
18

41
10
31

_
-

22
7
15

1
1

10
10

10
10

64

29
5
24

_
-

19
2
17

30
30

•
-

55
5
50

98
26
72

77

39

6
33

6
-

57
30
27

28
18
10

22;

34
43

23
6
17

_

-

_

6

_
10
10

_

4
4

-

1
1

10
10
-

4
4

1
1

2
2

-

-

”
-

-

-

-

-

“
“

-

-

”
“

—

-

2 52
252
-

-

5
5

2
2
-

-

“

—

“

-

-

1

6
16

l
1

2
-

-

2

2

4
—
4

-

1
1
—

2
2

—

-

—

-

—
—

—

1 T he D a lla s S tan d a rd M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A re a c o n sists of C ollin, D a lla s , D enton, E l lis , K aufm an, and R ockw all C o u n ties.
2 F o r th e in d u s tria l sco p e of th e s u rv e y , se e appendix A.
* O v e ra ll occu p atio n m a y in clu d e d a ta fo r w o rk e rs in type(s) of co n stru c tio n not shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 E s tim a te s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o rk e rs a r e intended as a g e n e ra l guide to th e siz e and com position of th e w ork fo r c e , r a t h e r than a p r e c is e m e a s u re of em ploym ent.
• E x clu d es p re m iu m pay f o r o v e rtim e and h az ard o u s w ork and fo r work on w eekends, h o lid a y s, and la te s h ifts . Zone r a t e s (usually b ased on d ista n c e betw een lo c a l union h e a d q u a rte rc
and th e c o n stru c tio n site ) a r e in c lu d ed in s tr a ig h t- tim e ra te s fo r p u rp o ses o f th is su rv e y .







Table 20. Occupational earnings (union): Dallas, Tex,
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s ,
c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 4 S e p te m b e r 1973)
_
Number

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f -

Average

workers 4 earnings5

s—

i

$

$

6 .2 0

6.4 0 6.60 6.80 7.0 0 7.20 7.4 0 7.60 7.80

and
under
5.60 5.80

6 .2 0

6.40 6.6 0 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.6 0 7.80

6 .0 0

$

S

t

$

$

$

%
6 .0 0

$

5.4 0 5.60 5.80

$

8 .0 0

S

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .2 0

8.40

JO U R N E Y M E N
$

274
274

7.87
7.87

COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------------

1,327

7.38
7.39

CEMENT MASONS -----------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------------------------------------

278
278

7.0 7
7.07

ELECTRICIANS -------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------------

779
779

7.78
7.78

763
763

PIPEFITTERS

182

7.75
7S

182
182

76
7.76

354
354

• •O f

382

BRICKLAYERS ----------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------------r AAACAITCDr
v A K rC n 1 C n o

— —
—

,

.

----------------------------------------------------------U U nnCnL1A L

P I IIM R F f i C

7

«

COMMERCIAL
< U C C T —n C T A I
3F1C C 1 . M P 1 A L

l

-----------------------------------------------------

”

“

-

-

“

-

-

U L DlV C D C
I I P n I fF A )

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

:

-

-

-

-

6

278
278

-

"

7m

360

_

274
274

-

-

6
6

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK-HOE OPERATORS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------------------

20
20

7.17
7.17

6
—

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b l e .

6

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

Table 20. Occupational earnings (union): Dallas, Tex.'— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
$
S
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
%
$
$
$
$
3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3 .4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 4 0 5 . 6 0 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0
hourly
at
woifcere4 earnings5 a n d
under
Number

Average

3 . 2 0 3 . 4 0 3 .6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0

5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0 5 .8 0

6 .O 0

$
6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

$
$
6 .8 0 7 .0 0

$
7 .2 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0

-

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6
6

_
-

-

12
12

6
6

A P P R E N T IC E S

34
34

$
5 .6 8
5 .6 8

CARPENTERS —
COMMERCIAL

178
172

5 .4 1
5 .4 3

ELECTRICIANS ------COMMERCIAL -------

211

BRICKLAYERS ---------------COMMERCIAL --------------

01

00

211

4 .7 4
4 .7 4

PLUMBERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------

98
98
84

-

39
39

5 .0 0

“

BRICKLAYERS' HELPERS---- --------COMMERCIAL --------------------




1 See
2 See
3 See
4 See
5 See

fo o tn o te
f o o tn o te
f o o tn o te
fo o tn o te
fo o tn o te

1,
2,
3,
4,
5,

ta b l e
ta b le
ta b le
ta b le
ta b l e

19.
19.
19.
19.
19.

5 .3 0
5 .3 0

1*751
1,739

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL ------

142
142

5 .0 6
5 .0 7

6
6

-

-

-

-

60
60

20
20

-

~
26
26

~

~
'

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S

~

~

“

44
44

-

38
38

_

6
6

*

~

12
12

-

6

10

~

6 .0 7
6 .0 7

SHEET-METAL WORKERS

~

16
16
6

~

"

_

6

-

~

6

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

40
40

12
12

12
12

17
17

_
~
_

~

6
6

-

6

'

_

-

38
38

_
_

6

~

~

1545
1545

19 4
19 4

10
10

-

-

-

18
18

_

-

-

22
22

6

-

12

-

_

_

_

142
142

_

3
3

18
18

"

_

28

-

-

_
-

2
2

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

6
6

-

1C

-

-

Table 21. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Dallas, Tex.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of
2 .4 0 2 . 6 0

S

S

S

%

$

%

*

S

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3..4 0 3 . 6 0

$

\
1

%

i

S

S

%

%

$

&

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

f c .O O

6 .4 C 6 . 8 0 7 . 2 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0 7 .2 0

3

S

24

68

4

386
56
290

116
32
80

168
124
34

97
54
32

-

210
14b
32

128
42
56

25
10

12

10

10

5

2

$

i;

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0

s

<» .4 0

4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

$

and
under

7 .6 0

00
O

3 .0 9

3 .2 0

_

M

O'
o

Average
hourly 5
earning!

iPO

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number
of
woricers*

-

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

2

13

31

44

8

-

-

-

10

-

6
24
4

-

8
5

12
16
3

73
48

38
10

^
* .8 0

‘> .0 0

and

7 .6 0

over

JO U R N E Y M E N

CARPENTERS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CCrsSTR. ------------------CEMENT MASCNS ----------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CCNSTR. -------------------

104
1 ,6 3 4
53 0
792
124
124
685
130
22 8
28 2
45

*
00

BRICKLAYERS --------------------------------------

5 .2 2
5 .7 8
5 .0 4
3 .8 7
4 .9 7
4 .4 1
4 .4 7
5 .1 4
3 .8 2
4 .3 0

_
-

-

-

2

-

~

1

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

183

~

10

57
4
8
25
20

68

65

112

17

10

-

8

10

118
45

-

-

6
8
3

-

-

“

403
25 9
144

4 .9 7
5 .1 8
4 .6 1

PLUMBERS ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -------------------

634
2 38
39 6

5 .3 6
5 .7 9
5 .1 0

ROOFERS --------------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------

272
2 72

4 .3 6
4 .3 6

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-------------------

38
17
21

4 .5 5
4 .7 7
4 .3 7

_
-

-

BACK-HCE OPERATORS -------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------------

400
18
82
29 8

3 .3 9
4 .6 1
3 .9 4
3 .1 5

-

150
150

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ------------------------STREET ANC HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------------

22 7
44
133

3 .8 6
3 .6 7
3 .8 3

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ---------------------

104
96

2 .7 1
2 .7 1

-

-

-

-

34
10
24

89
88

13

_

70
70

10
10

16
16

_

_

-

10

10

-

29

10

10
_

?

15
15

-

-

10
10
-

22
10
12

99
13

-

1
1

106
6
100

6
6

51
14

_

10

10

28

55
3

_

4

79
8
70

33
7
26

26
2

-

30

*

1

-

“

26

-

45
25
20

24

1

_

8
36
4
24
a

-

-

23

19
16
3

6

~

ELECTRICIANS -----------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-------------------

23

18
4
2

1

1
-

96
12
76

36
36

~

12

-

26
26

-

-

1

“

~

~

14
3

179
163

12

11

16

11
1

-

1

41
23
18

13

137
32
105

63
21
4?

47
28
19

22
10
12

-

10
10

-

-

-

l

-

_
-

24
24

6
6

34
34

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

6
6

7
7

6
5

6
6

-

-

100
20
80

12
8
4

4
4

8
6

10

52
36
16

10
10

~

43
9
34

17
7

“

4
4
13
3
4

62

67
19
46

1

6

4

4

34
2
2

30

16
46

30

1

1

2

1

1
1

10
10

~

-

6

3
-

“

“

“

3

2

-

-

-

-

“

~

"

154
106
48

12
6
6

2
2

6
2
4

-

-

~

~

2C
2C

10
10

20
20

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

“

“

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




-

-

-

~

47
47

“

31
23

4
4

18
18

-

-

4
4

4
-

4

12
12

10
10

~

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

_

30
30

2

fc

~

“

l

-

*

-

10

-

~

“




Table 21. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Dallas, Tex.'— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d t y p e
3
2
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Num
ber Avenge
of
hourly
w
orker* 45 earnings

*

1
2 .0 0 2 .2 0

1
1
$
1
s
$
$
%
i
i
$
i
S
S
$
i
2.40 2.60 2.80 3.0 0 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.8 0 4.00 4.20 4.4 0 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40

and
under
2 .2 0

_

and

2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.0 0 4.2 0 4.40 4.60 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40

over

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
CARPENTERS* HELPERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------------

464
174
188
72
30

$
3.68
4.40
3.32
3.15
2.96

_

_

-

-

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS --------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------------

4,675
808
882
1,542
1,443

2.80
3.56
2.81
2.58
2.61

131
1C
51
70

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS --------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------

588
212

376

2.91
2.90
2.91

"

36
36

PLUMBERS* HELPERS ---------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------

471
145
326

3.60
3.87
3.48

-

-

-

-

1
2
3
4
5

37
28
5
4

38

8

10

-

9
9

8

763 1480
26
56
48 302
757
222
46 7 365

765
52
138
327
248

83

195
142
53

137

19

30
30

-

2

17

10

49

10

-

6

10
10

44
34

84
84

30

14
4
-

2

6
20

42

-

10

-

19

8
1

8
2

-

1

-

~

215
72
62
27
54

279
158

104

10

69

86

10

92
80

18
18

68

-

20

6
11
1

7
6
-

29

41

-

73
48
13

46

12

1

562

10

102

-

242

25
48

130

10

68

12

-

125

10

4
64

29
5
24

55
5
50

98
26
72

-

88

49

33

11

10

18

31

77
34
43

_

-

10
10

-

-

.
_
-

.

2

39

6

6

6

-

5

-

33

68

6
1

1

22

7
15
57
30
27

S e e fo o tn o te 1, t a b l e 19.
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 19.
S e e f o o tn o te 3, t a b l e 19.
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 19.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .

~

-

-

-

29

8

-

6
-

58
58
-

-

_

_

1

-

-

29

10

2
_

2

-

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

10
10

10

~

-

~

28
18

22

23

1

4

12

_

6

6

-

-

12

-

10

16

17

1

4

Table 2 2. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Denver, Colo
(Num ber and average s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations, construction in d u s trie s ,2 September 1973)




See footnotes at end of table.

Table 2 2 . Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Denver, Colo.' — Continued
(N um ber and average s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations, construction in d u s trie s ,2 September 1973)

1
2
3
4
*
and the
4
7
*




9

The D e n ver Standard M etro p o litan S tatis tical A re a consists of Adam s, Arapahoe, B oulder, D e n ver, and Jefferson Counties.
F o r the in d u s tria l scope o f the su rve y, see appendix A .
O v e ra ll occupation m ay include data fo r w orkers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
E s tim ate s of the num ber of w o rkers a re intended as a general guide to the size and composition of the work fo rc e , ra th e r than a precise m easure of em ploym ent.
Excludes p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and hazardous work and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Zone rates (usually based on distance between local union headquarters
construction site) a r e included in s tra ig h t-tim e rates fo r purposes of this survey.
W o rkers w ere a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 .
W orkers w ere a t $ 7 .4 0 to $ 7 .6 0 .
W orkers w e re a t $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 .
W orkers w ere distrib u ted as follow s:
1 at $ 2 to $ 2 .2 0 ; 74 at $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; 86 at $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 278 at $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 ; and 2 at $ 2 .8 0 to $ 3 .




Table 23. Occupational earnings (union): Denver, Colo.1
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o ccu p ation s, con stru ction in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 197 3)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings 5 of—
Occupation3 and type of
construction

%
Number Average
hourly rr nJ e r 5 *0 0
of
U d
workers4 earnings 5 $
and

$
%
$
t
$
i
$
$
$
$
%
6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7,.6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0

%

$
8 .4 0 8 .6 0

6 .0 0 u n d e r
6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7..8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0

8 .6 0 8 .8 0

JO U R N E Y M E N
560
238
322

$
8 .1 9
8 .2 5
8 .1 4

2 *9 2 8
1 *3 2 8
30

7 .5 8
7 .4 7
6 .8 7

CEMENT MASONS
COMMERCIAL

458
198

6 .6 5
6 .7 7

ELECTRICIANS ------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)--------

975
895
80

7 .6 6
7 .8 4
5 .6 6

6 80

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS ---------COMMERCIAL

88
66

7 .8 3
7 .8 4

BRICKLAYERS -----COMMERCIAL--------- — -----------RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI-------CARPENTERS ----------------COMMERCIAL
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. —

491

65
236
-

-

-

“

-

65

-

_

_

21

_

_

4

-

-

“

20

“

-

6 1682 1215
8
1320
10
-

-

-

_

“

-

367
196

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

“

-

_
-

-

-

.
-

-

-

89
80

-

255

4
2
2

-

2
2

-

228

8 .0 5
8 .0 5
8 .0 5

_
-

—

ROOFERS ----- — --------------------COMMERCIAL --------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY I -

147
139
8

7 .4 7
7 .4 6
7 .5 4

.
-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -

435
407
28

7 .9 9
7 .9 9
7 .9 2

-

—

-

BACK-HOE OPERATORS -----------COMMERCIAL ---------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. —

221
34
165

6 .4 4
6 .4 3
6 .4 5

1
-

-

10
4

208
30
164

BULLOOZER OPERATORS ---------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. —

210
149

6 .3 0
6 .3 1

205
144

5
5

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY -----OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ----

414
342
45

5 .5 7 7414
5 .5 7 342
5 .5 8
45

-

-

77
57

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

439
193

.
-

.
-

89
86
3

_
-

58
53
5

-

-

-

-

•

“

-

-

“

_

2

3
3

6
6

_
-

“

_

895

“

_

8 .0 5

439
193
246

-

“

PIPEFITTERS ----------PLUMBERS
COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY I -

_

-

_

_

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

“

-

-

_

“

14
8
6

_
-

_
-

_

406
384
22

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

•

_
-

_
-

15
15

-

-

“

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

S ee footn otes at end o f table,

1

-

2
-

-

Table 2 3. Occupational earnings (union): Denver, Colo.1— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries,2 September 197 3
)

1
2
3
4
5
4
7
•
9




See footnote 1 table 22.
,
See footnote 2, table 22.
See footnote 3, table 22.
See footnote 4, table 22.
See footnote 5 table 22.
,
Workers were at $5.60 to $5.80.
Workers were distributed as follows: 13 at $5.20 to $5.40; 223 at $5.40 to $5.60; 152 at $5.60 to $5.80; and 26 at $5.80 to $6.
Workers were at $3.20 to $3.40.
Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $2.40 to $2.60; 14 at $2.60 to $2.80; 5 at $3 to $3.20; 4 at $3.20 to $3.40; and 66 at $3.40 to $3.60.

(N u m b e r arid a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s, c o n stru ctio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 197 3)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
Number
of
hourly
workers4 earnings 5

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e of
c o n s tr u c ti o n

5 of—

t
t
$
$
S
t
$
t
$
t
%
%
$
t
t
1 t
t
.4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40
U nder
$
and
a nd

o

41
41

o:

87
87

4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20

«
o

4.20

*
o

4 j*QQ u n d e r

6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40

over

JO U R N E Y M E N

1,037
1*014

CARPENTERS --------------------------------------------RES. IUNDER 5 STORY)---------------------

$

5.
5.

44
44

36
33

--------------------------------------- _

115
81

5.
5.

85
48

2
2

23
23

ELECTRICIANS ----------------------------------------- -

116

6.62

-

_

146
116

7.
7.

76
76

CERENT NASONS
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)---------------------

15
15

_

“

-

“

5.70
5.31

69
69

114
114

44
44

3

48
48

28
28
3
3

52
41

19
2

25
25

11
11
_

75
75

4
3

6

22
5

2
2

~

6

21

-

14

-

-

39

- 6 20

9
9

9
9

30
-

_

_

30
30

42 7 24
24
42

3

15

“

3

1
1

30
“

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

~

~

~

-

1
1

-

101
90

"

1 8 - 3

12

16
16
_
-

1
1

1

_

5.56

1

1

_

88
58

ROOFERS ----------------------------------------------------

-

04
18

153
153

1
1

1
1

60

PLURE S.S *UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------- (
9
8
7

17
17

51
51

-

-

1
1

*

21

~

~

3

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK-HOE OPERATORS ----------------------- ----RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------- TRUCKORIVERS ---------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------

_

90 3.82
30 4.82

”

9
9
-

863
3

“
t

U n Je r 2.60
d
•
and
2.60 u n d e r

tt

t

t

_

1 2 - 7
1 2 - 7

“

t

3
3

-

t

(

%

t

t

t

2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60

o
*

2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

t

o
0
0
♦

$

Number Average
of
hourly
workers4 earnings5

_

7
7

1
1

9 - 3 6
9 - 3 6

-

o
«
M
<




Table 24. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Denver, Colo.1
2

“
_

-

i
%
t
$
5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60

4.60 4.80 5.00 5-20 5.40 5.60 5.80

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS ------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)---------------------

144
144

$
4.96
4.96

CARPENTERS1 HELPERS --------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)---------------------

275
275

3.88
3.88

—

______

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS ----------------------COMHERCIAL --------------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)--------------------- -----------— —
STREET AND HIGHWAY ----------------------- -------- --PLUNDERS* HELPERS ------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)---------------------

1
2
3
4
5
*
*
7
8
9

i >862 3.47
.
30 4.12
i«680 3.42
107 3.73
295
295

3.83
3.83

_

_

191
-

161
930
36
36

278
-

278

8
8

30
30

6
6

-

20
20

38
38

43
43

2
2

2
2

15
15

~

-

-

127
22
81
6

301

98
8
33
36

38
20
18

-

47

_

20

_

18
18

19
19

21
21

9
9

-

10
10

-

42
42

18
18

36
36

39
39

4
4

36
36

2 362
2 347
15

136
136

130
124

129
127
2

3
3
_

27
27

18
18

-

42
42

57
57

-

S e e f o o tn o te 1, ta b le 22.
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , ta b le 22.
S e e f o o tn o te 3, t a b le 22.
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , ta b le 22.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
W o rk e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :
3 at $ 7 . 6 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; 3 a t $ 8 to $ 8 . 2 0 ; a n d 14 a t $ 8 . 4 0 to $ 8 . 6 0 .
W o rk e r s w e r e a t $ 8 to $ 8 .2 0 .
W o rk e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :
15 a t $ 3 to $ 3 .2 0 ; 15 a t $ 3 . 2 0 to $ 3 . 4 0 ; a n d 33 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 . 6 0 .

301

-

“

-

47
18
18

7
7

63
63

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

20
~

_
“

21
21

9
9

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s ! c o n s t r u c t i o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1 973)

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number
workers

4

Average
hourly g
earnings

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of —
%
$
$
$
$
1
*
t
$
*
*
$
$
$
)
1
6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80
U nder and
under

and

7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80

8.40

o
o
o
0
0
o
<
o
0
0

6.80

o
•
0
0
o
o
0
0




Table 25. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Detroit, Mich.'

9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80

over

JO U R N E Y M E N

BRICKLAYERS ----------------- — COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY 1-----------

1.852
1.478
152

I.B8
8.88
8.88

CARPENTERS------ ------- ----- COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)----------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.------- --

4,499
1,772
2,523
100

8.73
8.73
8.73
8.72

_

_

_

_

“
_

_

9

-

_

_

-

9
-

_
•
-

_

20
“
-

_

20

“

647
525
20
65
37

74

1783
1409
152

44
44
*
*

_
-

_
“

25
25

_
“

251
9 2182 241
90
10
10
2
10

17
17
-

17
2
15

51
31
20

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

19
9
10
_
-

-

"

-

~

-

- 1538
- 1466
72
”

14
14
“

~
_
-

29
29
“

12
12

12
1c
A9

105
1U2

10
10

75
75

54
Ch
a
o

6
6

133
82
51

40
6
34

73
48
25

59
40
19

-

-

9 4106

CEMENT MASONS ------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)----------STREET AND HIGHWAY -----------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------

819 7.91
535 8.08
106 6.58
141 8.20
37 8.10

686
-

ELECTRICIANS -------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----------

1,693 9.01
1,539 9.09
154 8.16

50
20
30

PIPEFITTERS --------------------CUrPtKU1AL

1,035
977

8.89
8.99

30

PLUMBERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-----------

1,137
787
334

8.96
8.97
8.94

10

396
386

8.49
8.48

39
39

-----------------------------

1,075

8.80

6

_

_

6

_

_

10

12

-

726

RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-----------------------

268

8.71

6

“

“

6

-

-

10

12

-

154

939

8.41

BACK-HOE OPERATORS -------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

547
163
91
283

8.00
8.31
7.22
8.04

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

751
144
281
299

7.87
7.83
7.55
8.10

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

478
122
184
172

7.15
7.26
7.25
6.97

ROOFERS

-----------------------------------------------------t U r f CKU ft A l

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
t U r P tK v lA L

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS

--------------------^niikirckr v ia • • • • • * • * • • * * • • • • * • * *
1AL

86
-

10

_
-

-

20

_

20

_

74
_

20

-

20

-

“

-

10
10
-

-

-

6

6

-

-

-

737
721

-

_

-

_

10

10

.

-

796

-

-

-

10

10

-

-

175

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

2

~

912

*

-

-

-

11
11

193

31

_

_

6

85
55
30

6

38

6

"

-

27

336

"

-

-

-

-

-

80
70

.
-

_
_
-

_
*

75
48

10

1 AA

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .

_
-

94
15
69
10

6
6
_
-

“

208
63
143
2

_

108

78
16

-

-

-

108

-

-

-

62

_
-

_
-

80

-

_
-

79

282
96
184
2

-

80
-

79
_

-

10
10
-

6
6

281
66
22
193

_
-

-

6

-

373
27
138
208

•

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

Table 2 5 . Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Detroit, Mich.1 Continued
—
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries, 2 September 1973)

1
2
3
4
5
and the
4
7




The Detroit Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Macomb, Oakland, and Wayne Counties.
For the individual scope of the survey, see appendix A.
Overall occupation may include data for workers in type(s) ofconstruction in addition tothose shown separately.
Estimates of the number of workers are intended as a general guide to the size and composition of the work force rather than a precise measure of employment.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and'hazardous work and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Zone rates (usually based on distance between local union headquarters
construction site) are included in straight-time rates for purposes of this survey.
Workers were distributed as follows: 9 at $5 to $5.20; 18 at $6 to $6.20; and 59 at $6.40to $6.60.
Workers were distributed as follows: 51 at $3.80 to $4; and 2 at $4.20 to $4.40.




Table 26. Occupational earnings (union): Detroit, M ich .1
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o ccu p ation s, c o n stru ctio n in d u s trie s ,

Occupation 3 and type
of construction

Number Average
hourly
of
workers4 earnings 5

S ep tem b er 1973)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings 5 of—
*
S
S
$
$
$
8
$
*
$
$
*
*
*
*
$
6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9 . 2 0 9.40 9.60 9.80
and
under

and

7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 7.40 9.60 9.80

over

JO U R N E Y M E N
BRICKL A Y E R S ----------------C O M M E R C I A L --------------RES. IUNOER 5 S T ORY)—
-

1,843
It 478
143

$
8.88
8.88
8.87

CARP E N T E R S -----------------C O M M E R C I A L ----- --------RES. IUNOER 5 S T ORY)---O T H E R H E A V Y CONSTR. ----

4,442
1,772
2,466
100

8.73
8.73
8.73
8.72

C E M E N T M A SONS --------------C O M M E R C I A L --------------S T R E E T ANO H I GHWAY ----O T H E R H E A V Y CONSTR. ----

733
535
141
37

8.11
8.08
8.20
8.10

E L E C T R I C I A N S ---------------C O M M E R C I A L --------------

1,593
1,509

9.14
9.13

P I P E F I T T E R S ------------C O M M E R C I A L --- -------

993
977

8.99
8.99

737
721

P L U M B E R S ---- ----- --- —
C O M M E R C I A L ----------RES. IUNOER 5 STORYI

1,107
787
3Q4

9.01
8.97
9.13

796
605
175

357
347

8.79
8.79

346
336

SHE E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S ---C O M M E R C I A L ---- -----RES. IUNOER 5 S T O R Y 1

1,021
775
234

8.83
8.83
8.85

S T R U C T U R A L IRON W O R K E R S
C O M M E R C I A L ---- ------

939
939

8.41
8.41

_

-

-

BACK-HOE OPERATORS —
C O M M E R C I A L ---------STR E E T A ND H I G H W A Y ■
O T H E R H E A V Y CONSTR.

547
163
91
283

8.00
8.31
7.22
8.04

94
15
69
10

6
6
-

—
-

B U L L D O Z E R OPE R A T O R S —
C O M M E R C I A L --------S T R E E T ANO HIG H W A Y O T H E R H E A V Y C O NSTR.

751
144
281
299

7.87
7.83
7.55
8.10

2 08
63
143
2

—
-

T R U C K O R I V E R S — — -----C O M M E R C I A L -------—
STRE E T A N O H I G H W A Y O T H E R H E A V Y CONSTR.

47B
122
184
172

7.15
7.26
7.25
6.97

108
•
—
108

78
16
62

ROOFERS — — *
COMMERCIAL

1774
1409

44
44

251
241
10

8
8

-

-

17

51
31

25
25
"

_

-

—

_

—

—

-

4106
- 1730
2182
90

—

2

“
“

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

29

29

12
“

-

-

-

-

“
”
-

12
12

105
105

10
10

75
75

54
54

6
6
®

133
82
51

40
6
34

48

73

59
40

—

—

—

173
135
38

31
25
6

912

-

27
27

281
66
2 2 193

•

373
27
138
208

647
525
65

“
-

726
560
154

-

-

20

14
14

_
_
•

15

—
*

75
48
- .
-

10
10

-

-

®

74
74

-

-

10
10
-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

— —

~

25

19

11
11

-

-

85
55
30

6
6

“

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

See footnotes at end of table,

—
-

—

80

-

6
6
-

—

79
—

—

6
6

-

80
—
-

-

-

-

-

282
96
184

2

—

—

10
10
-

-

79

-

-

*
-

80
70
”

”
“

“
~

-

-

-

“

—

“

—

“
“

“
-

-

-

-

-

”

”

Table 26. Occupational earnings (union): Detroit, M ich.'— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t r t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)




Table 27. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Detroit, M ich.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
Number Average
of
hourly 6 .6 0
wotken4 earning* 5
and

O ccupation3 and type
of construction

*

6 .6 0

»

»

i

i

*

5

6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0

i

8*00

i

*

s

i----i----$--- $----$--- $—

8 .2 0 8*60 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9*60 9 .6 0 9 .8 0

under

> .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0

8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 .4 0 9 ,6 0 9 ,8

JO U R N E Y M E N

CARPENTERS
RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI-

57
57

ELECTRICIANS---- -

$
8 .6 8
8 .6 8

70

100

4 .0 0
Number Average
U nder
,
of
houriy •
and
workeis 4 Minings 5

6 .9 3

54
34

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
RES* IUNOER 5 STORYI-

20
20

8 .1 1
7 .7 0

20

10

20

10
10

20
10

12

10

12

$
$
4 .2 0 4 . 4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 4 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 . 6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0

4 .0 0 ^ d e r
4 .4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0

H E L P E R S AND LA B O R ER S

CONSTRUCTION LARORERS
r e s . fu n o e r 5 s t o r y )-




1
1
3
4
!

129
99

$
4 .3 4
4 .3 7

*3 8
38

20
20

30

9
9

10
10

10
10

See footnote 1, table 25.
See footnote 2, table 25.
See footnote 3, table 25.
See footnote 4 , table 25.
^tXcl,ude8 P rem ium Pay fo r ove rtim e and hazardous w ork and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts
W o r k e r , w ere a t tr ib u t e d e . fo llo w .: 6 at $ 2.20 to $ 2.40; 6 at $ 2.40 to » 2.60; 10 at $ 3 to $ 3.20; 6 at $ 3.20 to $ 3.40; and 10 at $ 3.40 to $ 3.60.

(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s, co n stru ctio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e of
c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number Average
of
hourly
workers4 earnings 5

$

$

»

$

U n d e r 6 *0 0 6 *20 6 , 6 0
S_ _ a n d
_
_
6»00 u n d e r
6 .2 0

*

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

6 ,6 0
_

6 ,8 0
_

7 *CC 7 , 2 0 7 , 4 0 7 * 6 0 7 *80 8 *0 0 8 , 2 0
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
~

8 ,4 0
_

8 ,6 0
_

6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

$

$--------

8 *80 9 - 0 0 9 *20 9 , 4 0 9 - 6 0
_
_
9 .4 0

9 .6 0

9 .8 C

JO U R N E Y M E N
BRICKLAYERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL --------------------

815
683

$
7 .9 6
7 .9 9

CARPENTERS -------------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STOR Y)STREET AND HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CQNSTR. -

7 ,7 7 3
3 ,8 9 8
3 ,4 1 1
94
335

7 .0 5
7 .0 5
7 .0 4
7 .0 5
7 .0 6

-

10

O

-

10

20

CEMENT MASONS -------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) STREET AN0 HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

1 ,5 8 6
771
391
249
155

6 .3 7
6 .3 6
6 .4 4
6 .3 6
6 .3 7

1C

ELECTRICIANS ---------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

2 ,7 4 7
2 ,2 0 1
342

8 .9 7
9 .0 0
8 .7 2

18
6
12

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS —
COMMERCIAL --------------------

39
39

9 .6 8
9 .6 8

PIPEFITTERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

1 ,7 2 5
1 ,1 3 6
589

8 .6 0
8 .6 1
8 .5 9

PLUMBERS -----------------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

2 ,1 5 7
851
1 ,0 9 6

8 .3 0
8 .5 9
8 .0 1

ROOFERS -------------------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY) -

1 ,2 4 7
715
532

7 .3 4
7 .3 1
7 .3 8

SHEET-METAL WORKERS -------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -

1 ,8 6 0
1 ,5 1 9
221

8 .7 1
8 .7 4
8 .4 7

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS
COMMERCIAL -------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

631
593
29

8 .7 4
8 .7 4
8 .7 8

BACK-HOE OPERATORS -----COMMERCIAL --------------STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

589
72
62
403

8 .1 2
8 .1 2
8 .1 3
8 .1 3

536
69
44
375

BULLDOZER OPERATORS —
COMMERCIAL --------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

434
53
26
293

8 .1 7
8 .1 6
8 .1 6
8 .1 8

372
51
26
235

20
20

"
- 7620
- 3898
- 3258
94
335

30

1




Table 28. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined):
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.1

-

-

-

1501
771
321
249
150

34
16
18

10
10
-

-

30

108
84

664
576

93
93

30
30

-

2633
2129
300

52
40
12

39
39
10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50

10

-

48

10

155

41

—

50

10

48

10

155

41
463
463
-

10
10
-

48 1721
807
48 704

30

400
60
340

44
44

30

—

84 1485
84 1042
443

—

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
_

9
9

6
6

_

—

30
30

—

_
-

-

344
152
192

20

381 1453
277 1236
104
97

20

_

_

-

622
584
29

53
3
18
28

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

-

62

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

58

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

TRUCKDRIVERS
STREET ANO HIGHWAY
S ee fo o tn o te a at end o f table.

68
22

6 .8 6
6 .8 3

62
16

.




Table 28. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined):
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.1 Continued
—
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s, con stru ction in d u stries

S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e of
c o n s tr u c ti o n

of
w
orkers4

$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
Under A.20 A.AO A .60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5 . AO 5.60 5.80 6 . 0 0
earnings s $
and
A .20 under
A.AO A .60 A .80 5.00 5.20 5 . AO 5.60 5.80

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

$
6 .2 0

$
$
$
$
$
%
$
ii
6.A0 6.6 0 6•80 T *00 7.20 7 .AO 7.60 7.8C
and

6

. AO 6.60 6.8 0 7.00 ‘r . 2 0

7 . AO 7.60 7.80 over

A P P R E N T IC E S

BRICKLAYERS ---------------------COMMERCIAL --------------------

101

81

$
5.56
5. A3

CARPENTERS ---------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. IUNDER 5 STORY 1----------STREET ANO HIGHWAY -----------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------

863
373
391
AO
59

A .93
5.13
A. 70
A .81
5.27

CEMENT MASONS -------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------

106

5.38
A .36

5
7A

ELECTRICIANS --------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-----------

A28
311
A9

5.86
5.91
5.17

26
1A

PIPEFITTERS ---------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------

302
151
151

5.91
5.53
6.30

PLUMBERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----------

A20
9A
28A

5.19 915C
5.88
28
98
A .95

ROOFERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL --------------------

129
A8

5.07
5.17

_

SHEET-METAL WORKERS -------------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-----------

239
163
36

6 .0 1

A

5.92
5.89

-

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS ---------COMMERCIAL --------------------

60
60

6.95
6.95

9
9

BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS ------------COMMERCIAL --------------------

513
A3A

6 .1 0

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS -----------COMMERCIAL -------------------RES. (5 STCRY ♦) -------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)----------STREET AND HIGHWAY -----------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------

6*378
3* 05A

11

9
8
11

1
6 10

-

308
70
21A
3
21

_

-

“

62
32
26

57
AA

1

10

3

3
_

3A
3A
111

10
10
11

-

61
AA

11

2

-

10A
55
29
1A

3
3

10
10

60
20

1

“

8
8

~

AA
30

10
6

16
7

95

_

_

-

-

8 12

3A
23

AA
AA

-

8

-

6

7

-

-

5

2

3
3

A

3

A

\

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f table,

9A1
771
1*501

8

_
-

-

-

32
A
A

A8

A

1

17

12
12

1

11

-

“

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

22

-

2A

_

3

2

6
6

1

-

A5
31

-

-

6

*
-

1
1

1

8

1

-

-

3
3

_
-

11
11

10
10

75
69
-

_

17

_

6A

10

-

36

10
10

-

-

6

-

“

53
A5
•

9A

_

10

-

28
16

18

-

10
8

10

6

-

16

6
6

11

_
-

9A

11

16

2A

10

10
6

2

-

1

10
10

-

22
10
10

_
-

10

_

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

20
20

61
A8
3

_
-

71
71

1

“

_

_

8
8

2

-

9
9

2

7
6
1

11

-

18
15
3

8
8

_

1

16

6

6
10

2
1
1

19
15
A

2
2

_

-

_

A
1

1

3

A93
A3A
_
-

8

8

-

_
-

6267
3007
81
925
771
1A83

18

8

-

-

-

8

18

10
10

_
-

-

-

A
A

5
5
1A

-

-

“

6

6A
30
28

2
6

8
8

-

*

-

_
-

_
-

_

10

-

10

10

10
10

-

20

_
-

-

6

-

12
12

“

12

12

_
-

-

11

12

_
-

-

11

11

80

1

6.15
5.61
72
5.61
4d
A .73 12JC
5.6A
5.65
5.65

9

l
-

3

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S

111

3
3

7

66
10

A

15
-

52
A7
-

6

A
20

-

5
5

28
2A
A
_

60
22
8

_

*

13
13

_

-

6

11 2 0
20

6




Table 2 8. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined):
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.'— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s i n s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1 97 3 )
Number of w orkers receiving s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings 5 of—
Occupation 3 and type of
construction

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
$
$
$
$
$
Number Average
of
hourly U n d e r4 * 20 4 * 4° 4 * 6° 4 - 8 0 5 -0 0 5 -2 0 5 ,4 0 5* 60 5 -8 0 6 - 0 0 6 -2 0 6 ,4 0
wodten^
4.20 under

$

$

"$

$

""$

$

$

6 ,8 0 8#8° 7 * ° ° 7 ,2 0 7 ,4 0 7#60 7#8C
-

-

-

-

-

and

4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.40 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 over

H E L P E R S A N D LABO RERS— Continued

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS* HELPERS ------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

33
33

PLUMBERS* HELPERS — — -----------------—
RES. (UN0ER S STORY) -----------------------

157
157

*
j

$

6.78
6.78
3.51 1>U 8
3.51 145

—

\2
12

-

-

-

-

_

The
A n g e le s - L o n g B e a c h S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f L o s A n g e le s C o u n ty ,
F o r th e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
E s t i m a t e s o f t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e a n d c o m p o s itio n o f th e w o rk f o r c e r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o r k a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d on d is t a n c e b e tw e e n
l o c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s a n d th e c o n s tr u c ti o n s ite ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s u r v e v .
* W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 .
y
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 2 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 ; a n d 2 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 6 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 ; a n d 6 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s :
10 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 ; 102 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 ; 26 a t $ 3 . 8 0 to $ 4 ; a n d 12 a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ,
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :
16 a t $ 7 . 8 0 to $ 8 ; a n d 14 a t $ 8 to $ 8 . 2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 2 a t $ 7 . 8 0 to $ 8 ; 6 a t $ 8 to $ 8 . 2 0 ; 2 a t $ 8 . 2 0 to $ 8 . 4 0 ; a n d 10 a t $ 8 . 6 0 to $ 8 . 8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 . 4 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :
20 at $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 ; 51 a t $ 3 . 2 0 to $ 3 . 4 0 ; 31 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 ; 32 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 . 8 0 ; a n d 11 a t $ 4 to $ 4 . 2 0 .
4
5




Table 2 9. Occupational earnings (union): Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.'
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o c cu p a tio n s, co n stru ctio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep te m b e r 1973)

Num ber of w o rkers receiving s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings 5 of—
Occupation3 and type of
construction

*
S
$
$
%
%
S
$
S
$
$
$
S
$
%
Average
o
f
hourly Under 6 *80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.6C 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60
workers4 earnings5 !_
and
6.80 under
7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80

JO U R N E Y M E N
B R I C K L A Y E R S -------------------C O M M E R C I A L ------------------

795
683

$
7.99
7.99

-

-

-

—

C A R P E N T E R S ---------------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------RES. (UNDER 5 STO R Y ) ------S T R E E T A N D H I G H W A Y -------O T H E R H E A V Y C O K STR. -------

7*703
3*898
3*361
94
335

7.05
7.05
7.06
7.05
7.06

_

7610
- 3898
- 3248

93

—

C E M E N T M A S O N S -----------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 S TORY)------S T R E E T A ND H I G H W A Y -------O T H E R H E A V Y C O NSTR. -------

1*566
771
391
249
155

6.38 fl536
c
6.36 771
6.44 361
6.36 249
6.37 155

E L E C T R I C I A N S ------------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------RES . (UNDER 5 S T O R Y ) -------

2*631
2*129
298

9.09
9.09
9.09

E L E V A T O R C O N S T R U C T O R S -------C O M M E R C I A L ------------------

39
39

9.68
9.68

P I P E F I T T E R S -------------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------O T H E R H E A V Y CON S T R . -------

1*715
1 *126
589

8.61
8.62
8.59

P L U M B E R S -----------------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STO R Y ) -------

1*721
807
704

8.62
8.62
8.62

R O O F E R S ------------------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 S T O R Y ) -------

1*207
675
532

7.36
7.35
7.38

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S ----------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------R E S . (UNOER 5 STO R Y ) -------

1*828
1*507
201

8.75
8.75
8.68

S T R U C T U R A L IRON W O R K E R S -----C O M M E R C I A L -----------------O T H E R H E A V Y C O N STR. -------

622
584
29

8.78
8.78
8.78

B A C K - H O E O P E R A T O R S -----------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------S T R E E T A N D H I G H W A Y -------O T H E R H E A V Y C O NSTR. -------

589
72
62
403

8.12
8.12
8.13
8.13

B U L L D O Z E R O P E R A T O R S ----------C O M M E R C I A L -----------------S T R E E T AND H I G H W A Y -------O T H E R H E A V Y C O N S T R . -------

434
53
26
293

8.17
8.16
8.16
8.18

—

T R U C K D R I V E R S ------------------S T R E E T A N D H I G H W A Y --------

68
22

6.86
6.83

6
76

-

20
20

_
-

_
-

108
84

664
576

3
3

—

*

—
-

-

—
-

-

-

_
-

-

—

- 2631
- 2129
298

_
-

-

-

-

—

-

93

30
30

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
39
_

-

58

-

-

58

_

-

-

400
60
340

463
463

_

-

344
152
192

_

-

_

-

88
88

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

—

-

-

-

375 1453
271 1236
104
97

_

84 1485
84 1042
~ 443
807

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

—

-

-

—

~

~

~

~

“

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

See footnotes at end of table.

-

—

—

-

—

—

-

—

—

—

—

-

—
—

-

~

-

_

_

—
—

-

—
-

62
16

-

_

_

—
—

-

—

-

~

-

536
69
44
375

53
3
18
28

372
51
26
235

62
2

—
—

—
—

—
-

-

—

-

—

—

-

-

~

-

-

-

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

—
-

—
-

—

—

-

—
—

—
—

-

-

58

-

-

-

-

-




Table 29. Occupational earnings (union): Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.1 Continued
—
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu p a tion s, co n stru ctio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S ep tem b er 197 3)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number
hourly
of
workers 1 earnings56
4
3
2
0
1
9
8
7

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

%
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

$
5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

)
6 .2 0

$
6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

$
6 .8 0

$
7 .0 0

%
7 .2 0

t
7 .4 0

$
7 .6 0

S
7 .8 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

34
34

10
10

-

10
10

1
“

15

~

-

9
8

10
-

52
47
5

3
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

and
4 .2 0 under
4 .4 0

A P P R E N T IC E S
BRICKLAYERS ---------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------

101
81

$
5 .5 6
5 .4 3

CARPENTERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORYI--STREET AND HIGHWAY ----OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ---

830
373
358
40
59

4 .9 3
5 .1 3
4 .6 8
4 .8 1
5 .2 7

1
8 10
-

CEMENT MASONS ------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ---

106
11

5 .3 8
4 .3 6

5
9 4

-

, ELECTRICIANS--------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)---

405
299
38

5 .9 6
6 .0 2
5 .1 6

8
2
10 6

95
66
10

_
-

PIPEFITTERS ---------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ---

272
121
151

5 .9 9
5 .6 0
6 .3 0

24
13
11

44
44
“

_

PLUMBERS --------------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)---

254
94
118

5 . 5 9 111 0 8
5 .8 8
28
5 .4 7
56

10
10
-

2
2
~

-

ROOFERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------

129
48

5 .0 7
5 .1 7

_

1
“

10
10

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS --------COMMERCIAL -------------------

217
157

6 .0 8
5 .9 4

4
-

10
10

_

493
434

6.15
6.15

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS --------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------------------

6,285
3,007
925
771
1,501

5.65
5.65
5.65
5.65
5.65

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS* HELPERS -----COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

33
33

6.78
6.78

9
8

1

11
-

308
70
214
3
21

52
32
16
1
3

47
44
3
~

109
61
42
2
4

_

_

20
7

_

6
6

-

-

1
1

_
-

-

50
20
22
4
4

3

2

48

4

_
-

45
31
8

-

16
6
10

12
12

-

3
3

-

1
1

10
10

_
-

10
-

_

8
-

_

_

-

-

-

8

-

20
20

80

_

_

58
48

_
*

9
9

_
-

_
_
-

6
6

75
69
-

8
8
~

_

8
8

*

15
15

-

_

94
-

_
-

94

-

-

2

44
30
8
3
3

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

S e e f o o tn o te 1, t a b le 28.
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b le 28.
S e e fo o tn o te 3, ta b le 28.
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , t a b le 28.
S e e f o o tn o te 5, t a b le 28.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 .
S e e fo o tn o te 6, t a b le 28.
S e e fo o tn o te 7 , t a b le 28.
W o rk e T s w e r e a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :

_

-

-

_

10
6
-

16
7
6

11
7

-

4

3

4

-

-

-

-

_
-

17
10

64
36
4

10
10
-

_
-

"

-

51
45
-

12
12
-

10
10

5
5
-

18
10
8

10
10
-

22
6
16

14
2
6

8
8
-

6
-

64
30

-

28

_

_

_

10

-

-

-

1C

18
6
12

-

6
-

-

6

16
6
10

1
1

19
15

_
_
-

_

-

4
4

28

60
22

-

_
-

10
10
1
1

2
2

18

70 a t $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 26 a t $ 3 .8 0 to $ 4 ; a n d 12 a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 .

_
*

18

1 ,4 9 1 a t $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; a n d 45 a t $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 .

_

-

493
434
6267
3007
925
771
1483

_

-

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL ----------

1

24

-

-

3
3
-

-

104
55
29
14
6

3
3

8
8

33
33

24




Table 30. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.'
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 1 S e p te m b e r 1973)
2

Average
hourly

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e of
c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings 56 of—
S
$
$
$
$
$
r
$
$
$
*
%
*
*
*
$
*
4.40 4.6 0 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.8 0 6.0 0 6.2 0 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.2 0 7.40 7.80 8.20

1

under
4.60 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.0 0 6 .2 0 6.4 0 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.80 8.20 8.60

JO U R N E Y M E N
$

CARPENTERS -----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY I -----------ELECTRICIANS —
RES. (UNDER 5 STORV)-

10

6.42
6.42
6.24
6.20

PLUMBERS ---------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -----------

436
392

10
20

Number
of
wodteis4

Average
hourly
earnings 5

10

20

10
10

10

10
10

54
14

10
10

6

10
10

30
30

34
18

12

7.01
6.90

20
20

48
48

30
30

155
155

10
10

44

48
48

$
i$
$
$
$
%
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.2 0 4.40 4.6 0 4.8 0 5.00 5. 2 0 5.60 6 . 0 0
Under
and
$
3.00 under
3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.6 0 4 .8 0 5.00 5.20 5. 60 6 . 0 0 6.40

A P P R E N T IC E S
CARPENTERS — -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)

33
33

4 .9 7
4.9 7

-

ELECTRICIANS -------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)

23

4.0 4
5.18

_

12

_

6

11

-

“

-

6

PLUMBERS ---------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)

166
166

4.5 8
4.5 8

10

_

32
32

93

3.36

_

-

10

_

_

-

~
-

10
10

-

_

10

2
2

_

_

_

-

_

_

10

6
6

22
22

10
10

-

1
1

-

1
1

1

63
63

1
1

1

10
10

3
3
11
11

_

~
11
11

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS PLUMBERS* HELPERS ----- —
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)

135
135

3.43
3.43

6

30
-

42
20
20

8

51
51

21
21

32
32

_

11
11

S e e f o o tn o te 1, t a b l e 2 8 .
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 28.
S e e fo o tn o te 3 , t a b l e 28.
4 S e e fo o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 28.
5 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o r k a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
6 S e e f o o tn o te 12, t a b l e 28.
1
2
3

_

13

Table 31. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Miami, Fla.'
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




Table 31.

Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Miami, Fla.1 Continued
—

( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 56 o f—
8
7
O c c u p a tio n 34 a n d ty p e o f
c o n s tr u c ti o n

Number

Average
°f 4 hourly
workers
earnings !

"I

$
S
U n d e r 2.60 2.8
S _ and
2 .6 0 under

T~

$

"
$
T

$

3.00 3.2 0 3 . AO 3 .6 0

$ -----T---- *----- $~

$

3 .8 0 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0

$

t

5.00

A . 60 A.

5.2 0 5 . A0 5.60 5.8 0 6.0 0

$

$

$

$

$
$
$
$
6.2 0 6 .6 0 7.0 0 7 . A0
—

_______ 2.8 0 3.00 3.20 3.4 0 3.6 0 3.80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 A .60 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

—

—

and

5.20 5,4 0 5.60 5.8 0 6 ,0 0 6 .2 0 6.60 7 .0 0 7 . A0 o v e r

A P P R E N T IC E S
CARPENTERS --------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (5 STORY 4 ) -------RES. (UNDER 5 ST0PY1-

396

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

A79

179

61
1 A2

231

6
6

>.16

>•21

>•04
>•19
>.47
>.93

COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

17A

>.70
>•98
>•36

RCOFERS--------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------

A7
16

12

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

>.29
i.5 4

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ---------

-

-

6

54

-

51
27

-

34

10

-

36
17

99
37
25

21
6

1

-

-

-

1

101

12

“

~

“

~
~

“
~

~

-

7

~

7

12

68

13

12

32
4
26

-

44

_

37
16

38
18

44
24

13

13

14

82
67

10
10

28
_

29
81 7

8

44
-

12

-

38
16

6

-

-

40
18

_
-

_
-

6
6

12
12

20
20
10
10

-

-

6

-

6

7

“

~

176
38
132

-

~

-

14

_

_

_

-

90
34

74
64

>.46
>.46

301

_
-

22

_

-

_

_

_

1
2
1
0

6
6

_

_

_

8

6
2
2

12

-

-

84
4

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S
BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS ----------------------CARPENTERS* HELPERS ------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------STREET ANC HIGHWAY ---------------------

41

5.99
360
289

33

>.38
>.38
>.32

“

13
13
“

“

-

>•€2

94

99

40
30

760

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS —
COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (5 STORY 4 ) -------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY ) STREET ANC HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CCNSTR. -

A , 8 A5
It A51
822
I t AE A
A2A
66 A

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS —
COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -

500
77
A23

>.29
>•09
1.96

9

-

9

~

PLUMBERS* HELPERS --------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -

A60
378

I.7A
1.44

10
10

>.90
>•64
>•43
!• 16
1.39

6
10

26
52

10
2

56
31

-

10

1
1

172
173
AOA

13
13
214
5
30
94
43
42

2 33
22
2 “
368

22

50
258
32

6

-

12
12

108

69

-

32
32

80
80

226
226

69

108

323
25
40
230
27

-

A
-

2
2

72
49

22

217
60
40
80
29

1
6
6

-

78

“

-

-

18

.

79

66

10
10

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

6
6
-

_

_

_

_
_
_

80

1

55
A1
A

47
47
-

19
18
-

-

-

89

56
5
49

43

24

63

105
25
30
47
l

-

-

-

-

-

27

2
6
6
10

43

-

_

c2
53

6
6

9
9
-

9
9

-

32
23
5

_

18

_

_

6

12
6
8

78

8

.

-

2

27
26

20

10
10

-

-

6
-

18

_
_

6

_

5

-

_

18 2373
1246
_
32
18 441

6

_

_

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

-

6
6
_

_

-

54

-

-

-

24
24

3
3

9
9

-

12

_
-

6

6

T h e M i a m i S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f D a d e C o u n ty .
F o r t h e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y , s e e a p p e n d i x A.
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
E s t i m a t e s o f t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e i n t e n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e t o t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r t h a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p l o y m e n t .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d h a z a rd o u s w o rk an d fo r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if ts .
Z o n e r a te s ( u s u a lly b a s e d o n d is ta n c e b e tw e e n lo c a l
h e a d q u a r t e r s a n d t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n s i t e ) a r e i n c l u d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f t h i s s u r v e y .
6 W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 3 t o $ 3 .2 0 .
7 W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr i b u te d a s fo llo w s :
5 a t $ 2 . 4 0 t o $ 2 . 6 0 ; 2 4 a t $ 3 t o $ 3 . 2 0 ; 14 a t $ 3 . 2 0 t o $ 3 . 4 0 ; a n d 11 a t $ 3 .4 0 t o $ 3 . 6 0 .
8 W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7 .4 0 t o $ 7 .8 0 .

~

1
2
3
4




u n io n




Table 3 2. Occupational earnings (union): Miami. Fla
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries,2 September 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—

I

I

$

$

t

I

s

*

$

5 .6 0 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 6 0 6 .8 0 7 . 0 0

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e o f
c o n s tr u c ti o n

i

t

s

1

$

I

I

7 . 2 0 7 . 4 0 7 .6 0 7 . 8 0 8 . 0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0

$

I

i

8 .8 0 9 . 0 0 9 . 2 0 9 .4 0

and
under
? .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 6 0 6 . 8 0 7 .0 0 7 . 2 0 7 . 4 0 7 . 6 0 7 . 8 0 8 .0 0 8 . 2 0 e .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 . 0 0 9 .2 0 9 . 4 0 9 . 6 0

JO U R N E Y M E N
BRICKLAYERS--------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-----------------------

233
176
57

$
8 .6 0
8 .6 0
8 .6 0

CARPENTERS -----------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. ( 5 STORY ♦ ) ----------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)----------------------OTHER HEAVY CGNSTR. -----------------------

2 .1 6 1
1 .1 1 5
493
408
145

8 .4 4
8 .4 5
8 .4 5
8 .4 5
8 .3 7

CEMENT MASONS -----------------------------------------CCMMERCIAL — ------------------------------------RES. ( 5 STCRY ♦ ) ----------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-----------------------

256
138
40
74

8 .5 7
8 .6 2
8 .6 0
8 .6 0

E L EC T R IC IA N S ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

905
699

8 .e 3
8 .8 3

PIPEFITTERS ----------------------------------------------

54

9 .2 9

54

-

PLUMBERS--------------------------------------------------CCMMERCIAL ------------------------------------------

469
241

9 .2 4
9 .2 4

469
241

-

ROOFERS -----------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

165
155

8 .0 2
8 .0 2

BACK—
HCE OPERATORS ------------------------------CCMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

82
23

7 .1 4
8 .0 6

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ----------------------------RES. (UNCER 5 STORY)----------------------STREET AND H IC M fA Y -------------------------

102
11
64

6 .4 7
7 .5 2
6 .2 9

2
—

—

—

—

—

—
—

—

—

—

-

—
-

-

—
—
—

—

—

—

1
—

_

1

_

1

—

—

—

—

_

6

9

_

-

—
-

—
-

—
—
_

—
—

—
—
—

—
—

6

9

-

2 14 4
1115
493
408
128

_

_

_

_

_

_

—

—

-

-

—

—

—

—
—

—

_

_

1

—

—

—

2 '

—

_

_
—
—
—

—
—
—

_

_

—
—
—

252
138

—
—
_

_
—

_

_

_

_

—

-

—

—

39
39

165
155

_

23

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

3

45

_

10

_

60

12

6

-

10

-

36

12

6

_

_

7

_

_

7

-

_

-

_




Table 32. Occupational earnings (union): Miami, Fla.'— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries, * September 1973)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings * of—
O ccupation 3 and type of
construction

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
8
t
$
$
S
$
S
S
S
*
4 .6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 .2 0 5 . 4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 .4 0 6 . 6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 . 0 0
and
4 .6 0 under

Number Avenge
of
worker*4 eeningt9 6 -

4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0 7 .8 0 6 . 0 0

8 .2 0

A P P R E N T IC E S
$

CARPENTERS -------------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------RES. ( 5 STCRY ♦) -------------------RES. ( UNDER 5 STORY 1----------------

394
179
61
142

6 .1 6

ELECTRICIANS ----------------------------CCMMERCIAL ----------------------------

285
231

5 .9 0
5 .9 3

PLUMPERS — — — — — —
—
— — —
COMMERCIAL ----------------------------

145

6 .2 1

6 .0 4
6 .1 9

101

6 .2 8
5 .« e

-----------------------------

19
16
12
12

6 .4 6
6 .4 6

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS ----------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------RES. ( 5 STCRY ♦ ) ------------- — ___
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY!---------------OTHER h e a v y CCKSTR. ------------------------

2 *4 3 0
1*250
632
441
107

6 .2 1
6 .2 0
6 .2 0

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS -------------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------------------------------

77
77

6 .0 9
6 .0 9

-

27
27

10
10

36
17

-

_

99
37
25
31

_
-

1
1

_
—
-

90
34
12

12
12
-

-

44

-

_

74
64

_

_

_

_

22

_

_

-

18

-

*

ROOFERS ------ ---------- - -- ------ —
commercial

44
38

-

~

68

-

26
16

_

_

6
6

_

-

-

4
2
_

-

-

_

_

—

”

~

~

“

10
-

-

43

-

-

—
_

32
4
26

6 .5 4
6 .5 4

SHEET-METAL WORKERS -------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------

_
-

6
6
-

_

_

-

-

-

_

10
8

6
6
-

33
14
13

20
20

82
67

_

-

"

10
10

7

4
4

6

13

_

-

_
_
-

13
8

12
12

19
4

5

-

9

10
10

-

_

4

-

-

-

28

11
11

6
6

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

8
8

6

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

24
24

_

3

-

3

_

-

6
6

12
12

31

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

4
4

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

H E LP E R S AND LABO RERS

See
See
See
S ee
S ee

footnote
footnote
footnote
footnote
footnote

1,
2,
3,
4,
5,

ta b le
ta b le
ta b le
ta b le
ta b le

31.
31.
31.
31.
31.

6 .1 7

5 .4 4

-

_

_

.

_

_

_

10

43

-

-

-

9
9

9
9

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

23
23

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

2371
1244
032
441
54

-

~

Table 33. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Miami, Fla.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)

3 .2 0

of

workers4

3 .0 0

U nder
and
$
3 .0 0 under

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$

s

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

_

•

$

$

$

A

$

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 . 20

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 . 40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

18
18

10

~

$

27
27

14
14

80
80

o

$

* 4*
•
IN
I

Average
hourly
earnings9

s.

Number

*

Occupation3 and type of
construction

~

JO U R N E Y M E N
URICKL A YER S---------------------------------------------RES. tUNDER 5 STORY1------------------------

150
139

7 .9 0
7 .9 7

-

_

_

“

~

-

“

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

CARPENTERS-----------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------RES. 1UNDER 5 STORY 1----------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY -------------------------

959
76
692

31

5 .4 4
6 .0 1
5 .3 3
6 .2 0

CEMENT MASONS -----------------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY--------------------------

50
24

5 .6 3
4 .8 6

ELECTRICIANS -------------------------------------------RES. fUNDER 5 STORY 1------------------------

293
293

7 .5 6
7 .5 6

PLUMBERS ---------------------------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY 1-----------------------

372
354

7 .6 9
7 .6 6

-

~

_

ROOFERS ------- ---------------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY 1------------------------

196
174

5 .7 3
5 .6 5

-

_

_

~

~

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ----------------------------STRFET AND HIGHWAY --------------------------

58
57

4 .1 6
4 .1 6

5

5

~

5

10
10

10
10

TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------------------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ------------- --— -----

65
63

3 .3 2
3 .3 0

5
5

24
24

14
14

11
11

_

_

—

-

-

-

97

_

_

-

6
6

-

2
2

42

-

-

36
~

42

-

_

36

97

2
2

_

49
5
44

-

96

ie 6
20

_

76

77
19

16
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

2
2

134
10
104

-

-

10

2
2

5
5

1

56

112
5
57

74
30
44

-

_

_

~

-

33
28
5

_
_

_
-

6

6
6

1
5

32
_

30
2

-

-

-

_

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
~

6
-

7
7

_

_

_

_

6

_

-

-

35
35

7
7

6
6

_

54
50

-

-

-

19
5

27
27

-

15
15

81
81

54
54

54
54

30
30

32
32

36
36

12
12

188
188

74
56

66

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

_

26
26

18
18

16
16

28
22

35
29

8

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

6

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S




S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .

5

_

-

_

11
10

-

2

9

46
46

11

-

11

-

-

Table 33. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Miami, Fla.1— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
Occupation 3 and type of
construction

i
$
%
%
$
%
%
1
$
$
$
$
Number Average S
of
hourly c 2 . 2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 . 6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0
'
workers4 earnings and
under
2 .4 0 2«6J> 2 . 8 0 3 ,0 0 3 .2 0 3 m4 D _ X ,6 0 _ 1 *8 & 4^00 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4 , 6 0 4 . 8 0

$
$
*
$
*
8
%
%
*
4.8 C 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0

%

and
5 *0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0

6 .4 0 6 .6 0 o ver

H E L P E R S AND LABO RERS
BRICKLAYrturCn5

n i

1 .9 9

CARPENTERS* HELPERS -----------------------------RES. CUNOER 5 STORYI-----------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ----------------------—

352
289
33

4 .3 7
4 .3 8
4 .3 2

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS------------------- ------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------RES. IUNDER 5 STORYI--------------------- *STREET AND HIGHWAY --------------------------

2 *4 1 5

13
-

1 *0 4 3
424
557

3 .4 6
3 .9 7
3 .6 9
3 .1 6
2 .9 9

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS -----------------------------------RES. 1 UNDER 5 STORYI---------------------------------

423
423

3 .9 6
3 .9 6

9

-

9

PLUMBERS* HELPERS

45 0

3 .7 2

10
10

A Tn K
O T L it r n

K c5 •




1
2
3
4
5
6

u t a ii T
f i pA V w

1

pU A iP T O #
t n W o IK

p

5

——————

----------------------------------------------IUWY 1 1
1

201

3^ ^

80
—
-

13
13
-

81

99

6

10

_

2

32

13
13

-

~

323
25
230
27

_
-

22

~

~

2

758

212

367

11

172
173
402

5
94
43
40

258
32

12
12

108
108

6
6

_

-

69
69

-

32

80

226

_

_

10

3

_
40
-

2

23
52

56
31

30
10

SC

22

5

,
X

71
49
22

3
2
i
&

215
60
80
29
°

55
41
4

47
47

88

104
25
47

12

63
6

-»
f

-

66

10
10

10
10

~

-

~

-

24

_

6
6

_

-

-

6
6

_

~

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

_

_

-

—
-

-

-

_

-

_

12

18

—
-

-

-

-

18
18

93
93

9
9

6
6

_

_

_

18

_

6

—

_
-

5
5

_

-

2
c

6
6

_
~

27
27

18

26

10

See footnote 1, table 31.
See footnote 2, table 31.
See footnote 3( table 31.
See footnote 4 , table 31.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 9 to $ 9 .4 0 .

—

76

56
5
49

~

78
78

99A
CC ©

18
18

_

_
~
_

-

6

•

12

_

Table 34. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y.'
(N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
O ccupation 3 and type
o f construction

N um ber
A v e ra g e
of
h o u r ly
w o r k e r s 4 e a r n in g s

5

$
s
$
t
s
U nder5.00 5.2 0 5.4 0 5.60 5.8 0
5
and
5 .0 0 u n d er
—

$
$
s
$
6 .0 0 6.2 0 6.4 0 6.6 0

$
t
$
6.8 0 7.0 0 7.20

s

$

$

7.4 0 7.60

$

$

$

s

~s

f

7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.6 0 8.80

$
I
$
‘
9.0 0 9.40 9.80
a nd

5.20 5.4 0 5.60 5.8C 6.0 0 6.2 0 6.4 0 6.6 0 6.8 0 7.0 0 7.20 7.40

7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9 . PC 9^.40 9.80 over

JO UR NEYM EN

BRICKLAYERS ------------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------

1*035
1 *009

C A R P E N T E R S -------------C O M M E R C I A L ----------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY!
O T H E R H E A V Y C O NSTR. •

2.4 6 5
"533
1*827

C E M E N T M A S O N S ----------C O M M E R C I A L ----------O T H E R H E A V Y C O N STR. •

$
8 .8 6

8 .9 3

95

86

8 .0 5
8 .8 1
7 .7 5
9 *0 0

188
147'
7

17
-

.

.

.

.

“

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

11
11
-

17
17

11
11
-

10
10

_
-

10
10

.

.

45
45

.

.

.

934
925

E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------C O M M E R C I A L ----------RES. f UNOER 5 STORY)

.1*025
893
132

9 .0 2
9 .5 2
5 .6 2

P I P E F I T T E R S ------------C O M M E R C I A L -----------

486
474
718
478
240

6 .1 0

R 0 0 F E R S -----------------C O M M E R C I A L ----------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-

273
191
82

7 .6 7
7 .5 9
7 .8 6

S H E E T - M E T A L WORK E R S ---C O M M E R C I A L -----------

396
388

9 .1 5
9 .1 4

BACK-HOE OPERATORS C O M M E R C I A L -------STR E E T A N D H I G H W A Y

171
22

101
221
110

8.5 8
8.5 7

T R U C K D R 1VER S ------------S TREET A N 0 H I G H W A Y O T H E R H E A V Y C O NSTR. -

474
288
163

7.21
7.34
6.94

85

136

34

-

-

85

136

37

10
10

—

34

_
-

135
-

135

20
—
20

_
-

25

-

25

_
—

_
-

-

~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

5

_
—

-

10
10

_
-

_
-

-

~

_
-

_
-

7
7

_

10
10

-

5

34

-

39

11
11
-

-

-

22

34

-

17

_

1121

-

373
689
44

-

11
11
_

-

_
-

39
39

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

605
76
483
42

2
2
-

16
16

_
-

855
855

27
27
-

9.76
9.82
9.75

BULLDOZER OPERATORS STRE E T A N D H I G H W A Y

-

-

8 .6 5
8 .6 5

P L U M B E R S ----------------C O M M E R C I A L ----------RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI-

“

-

.

8 .3 5
8 .3 5
8 .3 5

-

95

102
—
102

-

15
-

16
—

11

15

26

99

38

11
*8 8

7 .7 6
8 .5 8

16

21
11
10

10
10

38

-

7
7

14
7
7
_

—

7

14
7
7

“

_
-

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

-

28
21

.

'

-

40

30

20
20

10
20

~

_
-

_
-

_
—
-

_
-

_

17
17

14
14

_

_

-

*

-

~

5

_
-

-

_

-

-

_
-

27
27

~
_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

454
390
64

6
6

_
-

“

-

_
-

56
7
49

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

317

~
14
14

_
—

106
94
12

“
10
10

-

*

~

_

-

-

“

309

-

E Q U IP M E N T O PER A TO R S

See footnotes at end of table.




165
16
101
:
24
24

234
173
53

—

-

—

155
70
85

:
61
45
1

2

110

1

6

-

4

-

1

28
28

Table 3 4. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y.'— Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations, c o n stru ctio n in d u s t r ie s ,2 S e p te m b e r 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
N um ber
of
w o rk ers4

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d ty p e
3
2
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

A v erag e
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.0 0 4.2 0 4.4 0 4 .6 0 4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80
h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s 5 Under and
9
8
7
6
$3. 00 under
3.20 3.40 3.60 3.8C 4 . CO 4.20 4.4 0 4.6 0 4 .8 0 5.0 0 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

6 .0 0

9

9

9

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6.40 6.60 7.0 0 7.40 7.80

9

9

9

9

6.20 6.40 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80 o ver

A P P R E N T IC E S

CARPENTERS -------------------------rnM MC n t IHL
tU H n Fftr vai
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------

124
1J
106

$
5.02
5.72
4.87

ELECTRICIANS -----------------------r o y y c n r # ai
vUnnCKLlAL

390
300

5.61
6.20

•j j
73

6.47
6.47

228
94

4.54
6.01

30

94
93

5.91
5.93

-

BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS --------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------

495
495

7.85
7.85

rADOCyTCDCI UCIDCDC
U A nrCn 1 CRj nCLrC K a
per IUIyUCH 5 C IU M 1
RCO* flfMnFf) 5 OT n B Y 1

is f
147

3.54
3.54

17
17

4, 062
1,641
391
789

6.63
7. 29
5.33
6.35
6.30

83

2.83

961

PTPFPTTTFIK
r l r C r l l IC K )

COMMERCIAL ----------------------PLUMBERS ----------------------------r n a m cFwf AL
___ _ _
vU nnC o r 1 ai
"^
CUeCT
«nCC 1 MCTAi
1

UnDtfCDC
NUFFcKd

COMMERCIAL -----------------------

17

10

10

-

17

17

5

-

-

17

-

-

17

17

5

10

25

10

_

5

10

-

-

50

10

10

7
7

-

_
-

_

-

_

-

-

10

-

20

_

-

18

9

5

19

4

-

-

17

-

-

5

18

!

92
92

_

10

_

_

-

87
87

_

-

-

-

_
-

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

20

20

_

16

-

-

-

-

_

15
15

_

_

_

_

_

34
34

_
-

24
24

31
31

_
-

31
31

34

5

2

26

17

_

40

_

26

5

2

26

17

-

40

-

17

27
27
-

34
34

_
-

9

-

11

5

5

5

_

_

~

-

3
3

-

16
16

7
7

_

6
6

12

_

_

9
9

_

32
32

6
6

-

_

_

78

_

-

-

51

-

96
44
34
18

300
33
34
204
29

43
20
17

1462
1331
45
9
57

43
43

-

27

12
12

12

-

1
-

118
118

38
38
18
18

10
10

34

6

-

20
20

-

-

1

-

-

11

25
24

7
7

H E L P E R S AND L A B O R ER S

_

—

r n u c IKUI« 1 IU n LAOUI\Cn)
tU Ild T o n r t t n u i aaddcdc
rnM M cor v ai
L U nncK vlF L

RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------------STREET AN0 HIGHWAY -------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------------ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS -------------—
1
2
3
4
5

a n d th e
6
7
8
9

1,2 2 1

-

11

1818
132
35

-

661

11

6

T h e N a s s a u — u ffo lk S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is ts of N a s s a u a n d S u ffo lk C o u n tie s .
S
F o r th e in d iv id u a l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n s m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e a n d c o m p o s itio n o f th e w o rk f o r c e r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s . Z o n e r a t e s (u s u a lly b a s e d on d i s t a n c e b e tw e e n lo c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s
c o n s tr u c ti o n s i t e ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s of t h i s s u r v e y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
17 a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 61 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; a n d 10 a t $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 10 to $ 1 0 .4 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7 .8 0 to $ 8 .2 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
21 a t $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; 20 a t $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 ; a n d 20 a t $ 2 . 8 0 to $ 3 .







Table 35. Occupational earnings (union): N assau-S uffolk, N.Y.'
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

i ~ i
'"F" *
1
N um ber
A v e ra g e
7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 . AO 7 .6 0 7 .8 0
of
h o u r ly
w o rk e rs4 e a rn in g s 5 U nder and
$ 7 .0 0 u n d e r

I

1

t

I

I

$

8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 . AO 8 .6 0 8 .8 0

-----1
—
i------ 1

i

9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 . AO 9 .6 0 9 .8 0
-

and

_______ 7 .2 0 7 . AO 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 . AO 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0 9 . AO 9 .6 0 9 .8 0

over

JO U R N E Y M E N
$
8 .9 7
8 .9 7

BRICKLAYERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----- -----------------------------------

973
96A

CARPENTERS ----------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)----------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

1 ,8 1 0
533
1.1 7 2
86

8 .9 3
8 .8 1
8 .9 7
9 .0 0

CEMENT MASONS ----------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

188
IA7
7

8 .3 5
8 .3 5
8 .3 5

ELECTRICIANS ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

962
882

9 .2 A
9 .5 7

PIPEFITTERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

A86
A7A

8 .6 5
8 .6 5

—

-

-

-

PLUMBERS --------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

A60
396

9 .1 A
9 .1 A

-

-

—

ROOFERS------- ---------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

203
1A2

8 .A 8

8 .3 5

—

—

—

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

3A5
337

19.53
9 .5 3

171

~
_

—

—

-

-

-

—

-

-

70

5

-

5

11
11

—
11
11

-

~

-

“

“

-

“

-

-

22
22

11
11

11
11

_
-

-

“

-

188
1A7
7

_
-

-

-

605
76
A83
A2

-

93A
925
1121

373
689
AA

_

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

~

—

-

-

-

1A
1A

27
27

_

2
2

_
-

_

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
16
16
-

_
-

-

-

855
855
~

_

39
39

_
-

27
27

_

_

-

-

_
-

A8 6
A7A

_

-

-

-

-

A5A
390

_
-

-

6
6

-

106
9A

_

56
7

-

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

-

317
309

-

_

_
26
28

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK-HOE OPERATORS ------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY -------------------------

22
101

9 .7 6
9 .8 2
9 .7 5

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ----------------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY -------------------------

221
11 0

8 .5 8
8 .5 7

_

TRUCK0R1VERS ------------------------------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

AA8
288
139

7 .3 6
7.3 A
7 .3 8

23A
173
53

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b le .

—

—

—

-

-

155
70
85

59
A5
1

-

-

2

1
-

6

1 1 0

-

A
-

-

-

I
-

165
16
101

6
6 6

Table 3 5. Occupational earnings (union): Nassau—Suffolk, N .Y.'— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)
N um ber of w o rkers receiving s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings 5 of—
Occupation 3 and type
o f construction

Num ber
of
w o rkers 4

Average
hourly
earnings 5

S
$
S
t
$
$
S
S
S
$
$
S
4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0
Under and
$4.60 under
4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5.6C 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0

$
$
$
S
%
$
7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0

7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 . 0 0

over

A P P R E N T IC E S
$
6 .0 2

ELECTRICIANS ----------------COMMERCIAL --------------

00

0)




56
13
370
300

6 .2 0

70
“

PIPEFITTERS ------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

73
73

6 .4 7
6 .4 7

7
7

19

88

_

84

6 .3 3
6 .3 7

SHEET-METAL WORKERS —
COMMERCIAL ---------------

94
93

92
92

_

_

87
87

-

-

_

8

_

_

-

-

-

PLUMBERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------

5 .6 8

-

9

~

5

5 .7 2

5
~

1

CARPENTERS --------------------COMMERCIAL --------------

4
4
_

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

20

_

~

-

-

16

~

20
20

5 .9 1
5 .9 3

15
15

25
24

_

_

-

-

495
495

7 .8 5
7 .8 5

-

-

-

3,671
1,614

6 .8 0
7.32
6 .3 5
6 .3 7

-

-

-

“

~

_

1

~
7
7

16
16
12
12

7
7

1

-

3
3

_

_

-

118
118

-

-

-

38
38

-

-

_

~

-

_

18
18

_

_

6
6

-

12
12

6
6

9
9

5

6
1

“

-

32
32

-

-

_

_

~

-

1

_

H E L P E R S A N D LA B O R ER S
BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS COMMERCIAL ---------------CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL ---------------STREET AND HIGHWAY •
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

1
2
3
4
5
6

See footnote
See footnote
See footnote
See footnote
See footnote
A ll w o rk e rs

1*221

1, table 34.
2 , table 34.
3, table 34.
4, table 34.
5, table 34.
w e re a t $ 10 to $ 1 0.20.

753

'
-

-

~

-

-

11

1801
132

62
44
18
-

11

150

66

138
12

17

26

_

20

116
33

—
-

—

6

-

438
438

57
57
1462
1331
9
57

_

—
—

27
27
-

16
16
-




Table 36. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y.'
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1973)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings5 of—
Number
$
$
$
A verag e
$
$
i
$
*
*
$
$
of
4.40 4.6 0 4.80 5.00 5 .20 5.4 0 5.60
hourly
5.8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6.40
w ork ers4 earnings5 Under and
$4.40 under

Occupation1 and type
3
2
of construction

c nn 5.20 5.40 5.60

4.60

6.0 0 6.2Q 6 .4 0 o ver

jo u r n e y m e n

CARPENTERS --------------------------------------------------------------------- —
r f s . (umnFR « u f l o v u — ----------------ELECTRICIANS
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)
PLUMBERS
RES. (UNDER
RfinEFRS

....

*
%

655
655

$
5.57
5.57

63
52

—

34
34

.

17
17

5.52
5.58

-

-

~

-

5.28
5.00

17
17

61
61

5. 32

21
10
21

~

70

—

44
44

258
176

—

7

^ -r
_
----------------- ------- ______- _______________ ________

---------------- ----------------- ----------STORY)_______ - ______ - ____________ ______
- ___________

|

102
102
11
11

85
85

136
136

38
38

22
11
21
10

14

7

34
34

135
135

-

10
10

10
10

10
10

10
-

40

30
20

1

~
-

20
4

68
68

20
7

*
*
6
i
$
%
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
S
S
1
1
1-------- 1-----3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.0 0 4.2 0 4.40 4 .6 0
4.8 0 5.00 5.20 5 . 40 5.60 5.80 6.0 0 6.20 6.40 6.6 0
Number
A verage
Under and
of
hourly
w orkers4 earnings5 $3. 00 under
3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.4 0 4.60 4.8 0
5.00 5.20 5.40 5. 60 5.80 6.0 0

6*20

^ •40 6*60 o ver

H E LPE R S A ND LABO RERS
____
CARPFNTFRS* HELPERS __
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------

147
147

$
3.54
3.54

17
17

34
34

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
RES* (UNDER 5 STORY)

391
328

5.01
4. 98

34
34

5
5

83

2.83

661

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS -------------------------

1
2
3
4

-

2
2
11

24
24

31
31

31
31

26
26

17
17

40
40

10
10
26
17

1
1

S e e f o o tn o te 1, t a b l e 34.
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 34.
S e e f o o tn o te 3, t a b l e 34.
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 34.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o r k a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s: 21 a t $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 . 4 0 ; 20 a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 80; a n d 20 a t $ 2 . 80 to $ 3 .

_

_

78
51

27

34
34

17
17

34
34

51
51

Table 37. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Newark, N.J.
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations, c o n stru ctio n in d u s trie s , 2 S ep tem b er 1973)

$
1
$
4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0

S
5 .4 0

Ul 40

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6 .0 0

I
*
~
5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

$
6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0 7 .0 0

$

*
6 .8 0

.0 0

i
7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

i
8 .6 0

i
9 .0 0

*
9 .4 0

J
9 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0

over

85
85

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 5 U nder
$4. 00

o

N um ber
of
w o rk ers4

)
4 .6 0

O

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tr u c ti o n

.

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
i
*
I
4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0
and
under

216
216

110
110

1

T

~

and

4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0 5 .2 0

6 .2 0

7 .4 0 7 . 8 0

JO U R N E Y M E N
BRICKLAYERS —
COMMERCIAL

411
411

$
9 .3 4
9 .3 4

CARPENTERS -----COMMERCIAL

89 1
71 8

8 .8 7
9 .0 3

CEMENT MASONS
COMMERCIAL

261
259

8 .6 4
8 .6 4

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

925
907

8 .6 0
8 .6 4

PIPEFITTERS -----COMMERCIAL -

469
469

8 .8 2
8 .8 2

PLUMBERS ---------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)

528
308
220

7 .4 1
8 .6 2
5 .7 1

ROOFERS ---------COMMERCIAL

17 3
149

7 .3 6
7 .7 8

6

6

3

“

SHEET-METAL WORKERS --------------COMMERCIAL --------------------------

425
324

7 .5 4
8 .3 7

24

24

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS —
COMMERCIAL ------------------------

245

8 .8 0
8 .8 0

212

_

_

9
9

-

-

-

_

-

-

9
9

36
36

-

_

30
~

24
24

32

-

-

10
10

“

11
11

40
40

9
9

-

-

_

10
10

-

_

-

22

64
64

~

-

24
24

_

-

24
24

_

_

18

_

10
10

10

_

-

-

12
12

773
6 50

-

_
-

41
41

87
85

78
78

_
54

_

54

610
610

-

_

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

“
_

52
52

40
40
_

_

_

_

-

-

16

44

24

70

-

18

6

12

-

16

44

24

70

”

18

6

12

12
6

_
_

~

3
~

6

19
16

~

-

-

9
9

_

9
9

10
6

11

_

12
12

12

-

“

_

4
-

3

3
8

8

~

~

-

-

-

129
129

-

-

-

_
-

_

85
85

-

295
2 86

_
~

-

-

4

664

-

_
-

-

-

181
175

_

6
6

-

_

_

_

_

_

12

6
6

12

-

“

16
4

15
15

-

-

12

429
429

6

“
8
8

_

-

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK-HOE OPERATORS -------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY -------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------

20

9 .5 9
7 .9 0
1 0 .2 8

40

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ------------

67

7 ,6 8

TRUCKORIVERS --------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------

56
27
19

5 .7 5
5 .7 5
5 .5 8

10

1 0 .2 0

See footnotes at end of table,




80
18

1

1

8
20

4
6

_
-

-

_
-

3
3

3
3

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

24
7
11

3

-

-

1

“

4
-

10
10

_
-

36

2

-

2

-

1

~

-

56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




Table 37. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Newark, N .J.'— Continued
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p a tion s, c o n s tru c tio n in d u s trie s * 2 S e p tem b e r 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs4

A v erag e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 5 U n d er
$ 3 . 40

s
$
"it
$
S
t
%
$
6
$
$
S
$
6
$
S
$
t
$
3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3.8 0 4.0C 4.2G 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0
and
under
3 .6 0 3 .8 0 <
».QQ 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 . 4 0

5.60

5 . AO 6 .0 0 6 . 2 0

6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0

over

A P P R E N T IC E S
ELECTRICIANS -------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

86
68

$
5 .9 5
6 .6 0

PIPEFITTERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

24
24

5 .61
5.61

81
75

4 .9 0
4 .9 3

1*832
1*314
319
194

6 .6 1
6 .7 1

_

6 .2 2
6 . 71

-

22
22

-

-

46
46

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

.

18

3
3

9
9

9
9

35
35

4
4

-

4
4

-

9
9

20
20

_

_

~

31
28

3
3

7
7

_

_

-

~

-

_
_

_
_

4
4

6

3

-

_
_

11

17
17

5
5

H E L P E R S AND LA BO R ERS
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------STREET AN0 HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ----------------------PLUMBERS* HELPERS --------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 - STORY)-----------------------

71 C
10

6
6

25
11
11
_

_

13

-

_

11

—

6
6

20
20

35
24

_
_

22

189

22

144
45

154
48
106

437
388
14
35

697
583

207
207

24
24

11

11

_
_

114

'

T h e N e w a rk S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f E s s e x , H u d so n , and M o r r i s C o u n tie s .
F o r th e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e w o r k
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and h a z a r d o u s w o r k and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s an d th e c o n s tr u c tio n s ite ) a r e in clu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s u r v e y .
6 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 0 .2 0 to $ 1 0 .6 0 .
7 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 .
1
2
3
4
5

f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d on d is t a n c e b e tw e e n l o c a l




Table 38. Occupational earnings (union): Newark, N .J.1
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o ccu p ation s, co n s tru c tio n in d u s trie s , 2 S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f —
N um ber
of
wo r k e r s 4

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

*
t
A v e ra g e
7 .8 0 8 .0 0
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 1 U n d er and
$ 7 .8 0 u n d e r
-

i

i

$

$

1

s

s

8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .2 0
-

-

-

-

s
9 .8 0

9 .2 0 9 .4 0 9 .6 0 9 .8 0

over

-

8 .8 0 9 .0 0

s

9 .4 0 9 .6 0

-

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

-

“

-

“

-

85
85

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

12
12

11
11

41
41

-

and

JO U R N E Y M E N
BRICKLAYERS —
COMMERCIAL

A ll
411

$
9 .3 4
9 .3 4

CARPENTERS ----COMMERCIAL

78 5
66 2

9 .2 8
9 .2 8

-

CEMENT MASONS
COMMERCIAL

20 6
204

9 .3 3
9 .3 3

“

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

716
71 6

9 .5 9
9 .5 9

PIPEFITTERS ~
COMMERCIAL

469
469

8 .8 2
8 .8 2

-

COMMERCIAL

31 0
30 4

8 .6 5
8 .6 5

-

ROOFERS
COMMERCIAL

85
85

9 .6 8
9 .6 8

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ---------

303
294

8 .7 5
8 .7 5

STRUCTURAL IRCN WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ----------------

2 45

212

8 .8 0
8 .8 0

20
36

1 0 .2 8
1 0 .2 8
10 . 2 8
10 .2 8

BULLDOZER OPERATORS

56

7 .9 6

TRUCKORIVERS -----------

36

6 .1 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

24
24

16
16
160
1 54

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

87
85

78
78

_

_

278
278

332
332

52
52

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

_

-

-

~

-

_

“

-

-

85
85

187
178

_

-

_

129
129

_

-

“
8
8

_

762
639

-

39
39

429
429

_

21
21

71
71

54
54

“

216
216

108

_

_

1 C8

-

-

_
-

_

-

_

_

_

245

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

212

-

-

-

-

-

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK-HOE OPERATORS
COMMERCIAL
STREET AND HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

664
20
36

$
$
3 .8 0 4 . 0 0
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
and
e a rn in g s5 under

$
4 .2 0

$
$
$
4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .8 0

$

$

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

$
$
6 .4 0 6 .6 0

$
6 .8 0

$
7 .0 0

$
7 .2 C

4 .0 0 4 . 2 0

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs4

4 .4 0

4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0 6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0 6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

over

3
3

3
3

9
9

9
9

35
35

~

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

17
17

_

4
4

_

-

5
5

-

-

%

and
5 .0 0

a p p r e n t ic e s

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

68
68

$
6 .6 0
6 .6 0

PIPEFITTERS
COMMERCIAL

24
24

5 .6 1
5 .6 1

81
75

4 .9 0
4 .9 3

EET-METAL W
Q
COMMERCIAL

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .

—

~
31
28
J______

3
3

-

7
7

_
-

*

-

_

_

_

~

“

4
4

20
20
6

3

-

_

-

4
4




Table 38. Occupational earnings (union): Newark. N.J.'— Continued
(Number and average straight"time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries, 2 September 1973)

N u m b er of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s 5 of—
O ccupation 5 and type
of co n stru c tio n

s

s

N um ber
A v erag e 3 *8 0 4 .0 0
of
h o u rly
w o rk e rs 4 e a rn in g s 5 u and
n d er
—

s
s
4 *2 0

-

S
s
4 *4 «

—

—

s
s
4 .6 0

-

i
i
4 .8 o

$
s
5 .0 0

s
s-------- s-------- s-------5 *4 0
5 .6 0
5 .8 0

s
s
5 .2 0

—

“

and

4.00 4 .20 4.40 4 . 6 0 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.4Q 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20

over

H E L P E R S AND LABORERS

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS --------CONNERCIAL -----------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY -------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------

1.688
1.226
286
176

6.78
6.88
6.39
6.74

See footnote 1 , table 37*

See footnote 2, ta b le 37.
See footnote 3, ta b le 37.
See footnote 4, ta b le 37.
See footnote 5, ta b le 37.
See footnote 6, ta b le 1.
W o rk e rs w e re d is trib u te d a s follow s: 20 at $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 ; 4 at $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 10 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; and 2 a t $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 .

173
144
29

154
48
106
-

435
388
14
33

697
583
-

114

118
118

89
89

-

-

-

_

6 .0 0

6 .2 0




Table 3 9. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Newark, N.J
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries,2 September 1973)
Num ber of w orkers receiving s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings 3 o f Occupation 3 and type
of construction

Number A verage
of
hourly
w orkers 4 ea rn in g s 3

* »
$
$
»
*
*
*
»
$
$
$
9 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 9 .2 0 5 .4 0 9 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0
U nder and
$4. 00 under

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

$
*
6 .4 0 6 .6 0
and

-

4.20 4 .40 4.60 4.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80 6.00 6.20 6.40

a.&O over

JO U R N E Y M E N

106
96
99
99
209
191

9 .2 0
9 .0 8

PLUM B E R S ----------------RES. (UN0ER 9 STORY)

218
214

9 .6 4
9 .6 3

_

~

~

6 .0 8
6 .0 8

E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------C O M M E R C I A L ----------

_

$
9 .8 4
6 .1 0

C A R P E N T E R S ----------------COMMERCIAL
CEM E N T M A S O N S ---------C O M M E R C I A L ----------

-

“

-

9
9

-

_

-

_

“

-

_

32
22

.

-

-

-

11
11

_

10
10

24
24

64
64

40
40

9
9

16
16

44
44

24
24

70
70

_

_

19
16

_

_

~

12
12

“

30
-

-

36
36

-

~

9
9

_

“
10
10

~

_

-

R O OFERS
C O M M E R C I A L -------------------

88
64

9 .1 1
5 .2 7

6
3

6
~

19
19

6
6

12
6

_

S H E E T - M E T A L M0RK E R S ----------C O M M E R C I A L -------------------

30

4 .6 6

_

-

9

6

3

_

B A C K-HOE O P E R A T O R S -------------

16
20

9 .0 9

24
24

_

-

20
10
-

_
_

_

_

-

-

18
18

6
6

16
12

12
12

-

_

9
9

6
6

18

-

6 .8 4

T R U C K 0 R I V E R S --------------------

24
24

3
“

~

6
3

“

~

12

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

1 ------ 1 ------ ------ 1 ------ ~ t —
" I -------1 —
f
$
"I------ ------ *
T
1 ----2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 9 .0 0 5 .2 0
A v erag e
and
h o u rly
and
e a rn in g s 3 u n d er
2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 o v e r
•
o
o

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs 4

10

H E L PE R S AND LABORERS
C O N S T R U C T I O N L A B ORERS
C O M M E R C I A L --------PLUMBERS* HEL P E R S
RES. fUNOER 9 S TORY) ----

1
2
3
4
3
4
7

144
88

$
4 .6 3
4 .2 6

~

•

“

~

46
46

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

10
10

-

-

_

'

22
22
6
6

29
11

-

~

13
11

_

_

6
6

24
24

See footnote 1, table 37.
See footnote 2, table 37.
See footnote 3, table 37.
See footnote 4, table 37.
Excludes p rem iu m pay fo r overtim e and hazardous w ork and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W o rkers w ere distributed as follows: 1 at $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 ; and 4 at $ 9 .4 0 to $ 9 .6 0 .
W o rkers w e re distributed as follows: 11 at $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ; 16 at $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; and 2 at $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 .

20
20

-

_

“

35
24

~

-

72 9

_

“

-

-

Table 4 0 . Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): New York, N.Y.'
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries, 2 September 1973)




Table 4 0 . Occupational earnings (union and nonunion): New York, N .Y.'— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries, 2 September 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings5 of—
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
of
w o r k e r s 4 e a rn in g s 5

----- s— i— i— s— i—

r”

$"

3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0
U n d e r and
$ 3 .4 0 u n d e r

—$ t ~ nr
—

%

%
%
I" —
i ^ T ....... i
5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0 7 .8 0 8 .2 0
-

—

-

and

3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 . 0 0 7t*<?

..over.

A P P R E N T IC E S

$
BRICKLAYERS -------------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. ( 9 STORY ♦ )
CARPENTERS — -----------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ > -----RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. CEMENT MASONS
COMMERCIAL

89
63
26

6 .2 3
6 .3 2
6.01

451
191
229
7

6 .1 5
5 .9 6
6 .4 1
5 .4 4
5 .4 2

35
11

7 .2 3
6 .6 3

21

14
9
5
4
4
-

1

-

10

9

-

11
10

2
2

-

-

1

429
421

5 .0 3
5 .0 1

20

103

20

101

489
358
65
66

,4 .8 5
4 .7 7
4 .8 9
5 .2 3

32

39
39

4 .4 8
,4 .4 8

2
2

150
132

’6 .4 3
;6 .4 9

12
12

BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL -----------RES. ( 5 STORY ♦ ) ■

1 *3 0 3
951
302

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. ( 5 STORY
-----RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)
STREET AN0 HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

7 *3 8 8
3 *887
362
524
816
1 *7 9 9

7 .2 1
7 .4 2
7 .6 6
5 .1 5
7 .1 4
7 .3 0

436
159
217

3 .4 5
3 .1 3
3 .2 8

PIPEFITTERS COMMERCIAL
PLUMBERS --------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------RES. ( 5 STORY ♦ ) ---------RES. (UNDER 5 STORYI—
ROOFERS ~
COMMERCIAL
SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL----------

2 *9 2 5
1 *7 1 8
1 *1 9 9

10
10

-

702
429
269

28
16

-

-

-

20
11

-

-

9

-

4

-

105
60
42

2
1

2

3

2

-

-

2

2
1

1

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

49
49
-

24 1016
527
12
489
12

12
12

36
28

-

-

7
4
3

8

2

1

-

2

13
12
1

-

2

~
-

4

12

52
52
115
103

20
2
10

12

-

106
106

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

6

3
3
-

3
3

118

4
4

102

16
-

8
8

12

9
3
-

-

-

5
3

76
76
26
26

80
17
59
3
1

45
45

-

94
57
25

-

20

-

-

-

12

-

20

-

4
4

10
10
-

_

-

-

-

68
22

46

-

1
1

-

12
4
2
2
-

-

4
2
-

8

8
4
24

64
60

8
8

57
32

-

8

-

-

32
28
4
-

-

4
4

3
3

1

7 .8 3
7 .8 0
7 .9 0

ELECTRICIANS -----------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. ( 5 STORY + |

623
352
267

54
54
-

-

-

-

12

3
213
99
114

1

164
64
82

8

4 .4 2
14.47
|4 .3 6

5
4

-

-

-

1
-

-

24

23
23
-

1

3
3

-

-

-

23
23

6
6
16
6

-

33
33

-

10
10

6
6

11
11

30
22

9
9

-

- 1203
851
302

h elpers and laborers

PLUMBERS* HELPERS ---------COMMERCIAL — -----------RES. IUN0ER 5 STORY 1*

99
99
62
24

36
“

58
46

-

-

_

_

12

-

68
20

38
-

36
-

30
18

,0226
99
127

10

60
40

60

10

20

40

108

138

6

10

20

-

80
18

20
10

87
40

100

_

10

35

18

6

-

12

20

4
-

12

-

6
6

-

32
32
-

55
12

33

7
7
-

280
5
-

435
425

21

-

10

182 3874 1908
134 1521 1614
43
276
87
12
732
48 1491
6

20

4
-

12

-

_
-

10

1
1

10

-

10

-

254

20
20

T h e N e w Y o rk S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o li t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f N ew Y o rk C ity ( B ro n x , K in g s , N ew Y o r k , Q u e e n s , a n d R ic h m o n d C o u n tie s ) , R o c k la n d and W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n tie s .
F o r t h e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n s m a y in c lu d e d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
E s t i m a t e s o f t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o r k and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d o n d i s t a n c e b e tw e e n l o c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s
c o n s tr u c ti o n s it e ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s u r v e y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 38 a t $5 to $ 5 .2 0 ; 19 a t $ 5 .2 0 to $ 5 .4 0 ; 2 0 a t $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ; 40 a t $ 5 .6 0 to $ 5 .8 0 ; and 10 a t $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s ; 1 ,4 0 2 a t $ 1 0 .8 0 to $ 1 1 ; 33 a t $11 to $ 1 1 .2 0 ; and 4 a t $ 1 1 .2 0 to $ 1 1 .4 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 126 a t $10 to $ 1 0 .2 0 ; 121 a t $ 1 0 .2 0 to $ 1 0 .4 0 ; and 16 a t $ 1 1 .6 0 to $ 1 1 .8 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 0 .8 0 to $ 1 1 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 38 a t $2 to $ 2 .2 0 ; 19 a t $ 2 ;2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; 4 9 a t $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 70 a t $3 to $ 3 .2 0 ; an d 50 a t $ 3 .2 0 to $ 3 .4 0 .







Table 41. Occupational earnings (union): New York, N.Y.‘
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2
S e p te m b e r 1973)

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs4

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

8 .2 0

8 .2 0

$
%
$
$
$
$
S
«
8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80

C
O
*
o

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of— _____________

A ~

A v erag e
8 .0 0
h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s 5 U n d e r and
$ 8 .0 0 u n d e r

$

8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80 ,o v e r

and

JO U R N E Y M E N

2,136
1,338
699

$
8.87
8.85
8.95

CARPENTERS -------------------- _________ 7,022
3,492
COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. 15 STORY ♦) ---------2,532
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY 1------428
STREET AND HIGHWAY -------- —
77
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------------493

9.04
9.03
9.08
8.84
8.99
9.15

CEMENT MASONS ---------------- ______
COMMERCIAL -----------------—
STREET ANO HIGHWAY -------- —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------- —

1,168
477
29
15

8.32
8.34
8.38
8.35

10

ELECTRICIANS -------------------------------- _________ 7,670
C O M M E R C I A L ----------- * ----------------5,177
RES. (5 STORY ♦» ------------------ —
2,489

6.82
8.82
8.84

00

_

BO

-

PIPEFITTERS ---------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------RES. (5 STORY + 1 -----------------------------

4,680
4,516
164

8.57
8.57

168
168

PLUMBERS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------RES. 15 STORY «t ---------- . . . . . .
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)------- —

3,881
2,445
1,178
258

8.78
8.85
8.73
8.31

436
436

8 .5 8
8 .5 8

BRICKLAYERS ------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. 15 STORY ♦) ----------------

ROOFERS ----------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------- —
SHEET-METAL WORKERS ---------------COMMERCIAL ----------------- —

___

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS -----COMMERCIAL ----------------- —

8.66

1,506
1,452

-

-

_

208
166

_

-

-

-

40
15
-

~

664
385
164
104

-

-

-

_
-

_

20
20

_

9.95
10.07
~9.88
9.87

_

-

8
1

7

_

-

-

_

-

“

-

-

-

~

-

9
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

489

~

—
-

-

-

~

~

940
612
324

248
232
16

98

66

~

242
154

6
6

88

-

10
10

_
-

20
20

40
40

10

-

-

4
4

-

19
19

1
1

3
3

67
67

_

_

12

4
4

~

68
68

_

-

_

-

1211

-

-

-

_

19
17

_

“

~

_

_

10

•

~

-

6
6
_

61439
1385

_

“

-

_
~

—

~

679
662

_

~

_

_

_

30

150

11

22

_

94
58
36

86

_

-

871
340

3
3

1 0 .7 9

-

20

-

~

347
34?

-

10
10

2251
1445
698
108

_

-

3456
3292
164

_

_

6268
- 3073
- 2357
20 283

_

_

-

-

389 5573
389 3560
2013

1006
1006

_

~

20

“

-

350
60
140
150

_

-

4

35 1115
31 445
4
18
15

_

3 1925
1 1171
699

-

21

-

11

~

9.55
9.55

454

_

-

10.79

698
679

_

-

-

-

30

24
104

-

108

-

-

*

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

BACK-HOE OPERATORS ----------COMMERCIAL ----------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY -------- . . . . . .
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------- —
BULLDOZER OPERATORS ---------PAMNCBPIAI

___

.. .

STREET AND HIGHWAY *
-------- . . . . . .
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------- —
•KUVKUH 1 TCHO ———— — —————— —— — — —
bunncM, i.L ———--------STREET ANO HIGHWAY -------- . . . . .
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------- —

See footnotes at end of table,

122

45
262

_
“

~

34

_

*

161
57
53
45

9.38
9.86
9.30

8.68

9
25

774
335
195
244

i7• g O
I 90
7 •77
f 44
7.12
7.18

lo-rvA
lie
195
244

8

_

~

“
_

_

-

~

-

-

-

~

-

-

44
20

100
21

128
-

19
913

—
—

“

44

~

72 6 3

Table 41. Occupational earnings (union): New York, N.Y.1 Continued
—
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s 5

o
C
O
V

$
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20
Under and
and
•$3.40 under
6.80 7.00 7.40 7.80 8.20 over
4.20 4.40 4.60
5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5 t M 9*9Q 9,29 9 t *9 6.
3.60 3.80
*
*
o
o

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs 4

A P P R E N T IC E S
89
63
26

BRICKLAYERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------RES. 15 STORY + ) -----------CARPENTERS ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ ) ------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ------------------

451
191
229

*
6 .2 3
6 .3 2
6.01

~
_
-

-

-

-

-

~

_
-

-

-

4
4

1
-

_

-

-

-

7

6 .1 5
5 .9 6
6 .4 1
5 .4 4
5 .4 2

35
11

7 .2 3
6 .6 3

2 ,9 2 5
1 ,7 1 8
1 ,1 9 9

4 .4 2
4 .4 7
4 .3 6

213
99
114

-

PIPEFITTERS -------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------

429
*2 1

5 .0 3
5 .0 1

20
20

PLUMBERS -------------------COMMERCIAL ---------RES. (5 STORY ♦ )

479
358
65

4 .9 1
4 .7 7
4 .8 9

22
20
2

103
101
_
-

21

CEMENT MASONS COMMERCIAL ELECTRICIANS --------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------RES. 15 STORY ♦> ------------------------

ROOFERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------------------

39
39

4 .4 8
4 .4 8

150
132

6 .4 3
6 .4 9

BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS -----------------COMMERCIAL -------------------------------RES. 15 STORY * ) ---------------------

1 ,3 0 3
951
302
6 ,6 8 1
3 ,6 8 9
362
732
1 ,7 9 9

7 .5 0
7 .5 8
7 .6 6
7 .4 7
7 .3 0

_
_

_
623
352
267

54
54
-

10 702
10 429
269
_
52
52

115
103
12
_

6
3
3
_

_

_

_
28
16
12
_

-

10
9
1

11
10

2
2

_

-

24 1016
12 527
12 489
_
-

4
4

118
102
16

23
23

_

12
12

_

8
8
_

1

1

“

8
3

4
4

~
164
64
82
12
5

5
4
1
_

49
49
106
106
12
9
3

6
6

12
12
_
94
57
25
_
-

~
4

2
2
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
*
36
28
8
5
3
20
-

20
11
9
105
60
42
2
1
4

1
_
26
26
_
-

~
2
2

2
1
1
_
76
76
45
45
57
32

1

7
4
3
2
2
-

2
2
_
-

_
-

_
-

-

“
_
-

32
28
4

13
12
1

3
2

80
17
59
3
1
3
3

8
8

_
”

SHEET-METAL WORKERS -----------------------------COMMERCIAL ~ --------------------------------------

~

_

16

6

33
33

10
10

_

1
1
~
2
2
~
“

-

23
23
“

3
3

-

1
1
11

~

~

6
6

_

9
9

-

8
4
4

10
10
~

68
22
- l 46
l
12
4

8

~

48
24
24

“
-

-

~

30
22

-

~

“

_

“
-

-

-

_
-

4
4

~

64
6C

-

-

7 .8 3
7 .8 0
7 .9 0

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL -------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ ) STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

-

_

1
_

14
9
5
_
-

-

23
23

1203
851
302

1
1

182 3864 1908
134 1511 1614
- 43 276

_
-

H E L P E R S AN D L A B O R E R S

S e e f o o tn o te 1, t a b l e 4 0 .
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 4 0 .
S e e fo o tn o te 3* ta b l e 4 0 .
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , ta b l e 4 0 .
S e e fo o tn o te 5 , ta b l e 4 0 .
S e e fo o tn o te 7 , ta b l e 4 0 .
S e e f o o tn o te 8 , ta b l e 4 0 .
* A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7 . 8 0 to $ 8 .
_ A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 10. 80 to $ 11.
• 10 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s:
11 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 8 . 6 0 to $ 9 .

33

_

33

-

259 435
5 425
10
254

48

1491

6

1
2
3
4
5
6
7




49 a t $ 6 . 2 0 to $ 6 . 4 0 ; 1 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 . 6 0 ; 16 a t $ 6 . 8 0 to $ 7 ; 449 a t $ 7 to $ 7 . 2 0 ; 7 a t $ 7 . 2 0 to $ 7 . 4 0 ; 22 a t $ 7 . 4 0 to $ 7 .6 0 - a n d 230 a t $ 7 . 6 0 to $ 7 .8 0 .

Table 4 2 . Occupational earnings (nonunion): New York, N.Y.'
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries, 2 September 1973

N u m b er o f w o rk e rs rec e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 o f—
3
2
O ccu p atio n 3 and type
o f c o n s tru c tio n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs 4

A v erag e
h o u rly
e a rn in g s 3

1

1

3 .2 0
and
under

5

J

I

3 .4 0 3 .6 0

5

i

3 .8 0

5

i

4 .0 0

i

1----- 1
------$----- i----- 1
------$----- s----- ;------ 5
----- ;------r -

I

4*20

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0

5*80

^ •* 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4*60 4 .8 0 3 .0 0 5 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7,<
JOURNEYM EN

N U M B E R S -----------------RES. IUN0ER S STORYIROOFERS

$
6 .0 2
6 .2 0

-

32

3 .8 5

-

462
2771

6 .2 2
6 .0 2
3 .3 9

-

6

“

-

10

-

-

-

6

6

-

-

-

-

6

10
10

"
*

6
•

10
10

-

-

5

5

57
38

*

19
19

9

-

-

-

29

-

-

29
29

10
10

29
9

-

10
10

57
57

-

9
9

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

20

-

-

20
20

40
40

10
10

20
20

126
80

70
10

_

-

70
10

-

30
30

-

-

-

-

30

-

20

.

_

_

1 --------" I ------- 1 ------- 1 --------1 -------- i

9

_

1 ------- "1 -------- 8

1 ------- 1 -------- 1 --------1 --------f ---------

2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0
A v erag e
h o u rly
U nder and
and
e a rn in g s 3 $2.40 u n d er
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 o v er
♦

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs4

-

10
10

o
o

C E N E N T NAS O N S

201
163

98

CARPENTERS
R E S . CUNOER S STORYI-

H E L P E R S AND LABORERS
C O N S T R U C T I O N L A B O R E R S --------C O N M C R C K A L ------------------RES . IUN0ER 5 STO R Y I -------N U M B E R S * H E L P E R S --- ---------C 0 N N E R C I A L ------------------RES. IUN0ER S STOR Y ) --------

707
198
425

$
4 .5 4
4 .4 8
4 .6 1

436
159
217

3 .4 5
3 .1 3
3 .2 8

~
57
19
38

-

49
20
29

28
18
10

-

-

-

—

-

28
28

6
6

36
—

58
46

-

“

36

~

-

70
60
10

10

-

-

10

60
40
20

_
-

50

50

68
20
30
60
20
40

108
10
80
_

138
20
100

_

20

20

-

6
-

20

20
10
10

_
~

87
40
35
40

124
28
696
_

“

'

1
2
3
J

S ee footnote 1, ta b le 40.
S ee footnote 2, ta b le 40.
S ee footnote 3, ta b le 40.
S ee footnote 4, ta b le 40.
E x clu d es p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e and h az ard o u s w o rk , and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid ay s, and la te s h ifts .
W o r k . . . — r . d is trib u te d . . fo llo w .: 4 a t $ 5 .2 0 to $ 5 .4 0 ; 12 a t $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 : 10 a t $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 : 32 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .2 0 ; 10 a t $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 ; 7 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; and 21 a t $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 .




6 .0 0

Table 4 3 . Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.'
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
Num ber of w o rkers receiving s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings * of—
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Num ber
of
w o rk e rs 4

Average
hourly
earnings5

8
$
8
$
$
8
$
$
8
8
$
8
5 .0 0 5 • 20 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0
Under and
$5.00 under
5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 . 80 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
8
7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0 9 .8 0
__ j
ana
7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0 9 .8 0

g y e r

JO U R N E Y M E N
BRICKLAYERS —
COMMERCIAL ~
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-

2 V028
1 *7 1 4
290

$
8 .8 0
8 .9 1
8 .1 2

CARPENTERS -------------------------COMMERCIAL
RES. (5 STCRY +1
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY I STREET ANO HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

4 *5 0 9
3 *0 4 1
86
1 *1 5 6
134
92

8 .2 5
8 .6 8
6 .5 5
7 .1 0
9 .0 3
9 .3 4

CEMENT MASONS
COMMERCIAL --------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY

1 *1 5 6
928
126

ELECTRICIANS ----------------COMMERCIAL --------

2 *5 4 0
2 *4 2 4

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS
COMMERCIAL
PIPEFITTERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL ----------

10

10

30

72

~

“

10

“

-

30

-

-

-

-

12

-

220
24
196
-

44
30
—
14
—

30
20
10
-

86
30
—
56
-

59
—
59
-

16
6
10
-

132
10
10
112
—

30
6
24
-

96
12
50
34
—

51
10
10
31
•

10
6
.
4

14
10
4
_

-

12
10
2

6
2
4

4
-

7 .7 3
7 .9 0
6 .4 4

52
2
6 50

30
30

10
10

_
—

10
-

2
-

6
6

_
-

18
18

•

*

_
.

_
_

_
_

901
739
72

57
53
4

24
24

9 .5 5
9 .7 9

83
18

85
52

6
6

9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

357
145

8 .7 3
7 .9 6

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1*741
1 *6 7 8

9 .3 5
9 .3 8

37
30

10

20
20

-

81
81

9

10
10

.

_

_

_

—

-

_
"

-

_

54
54

_

2 *547
2 *0 0 5
542

8 .6 9
9 .3 1
6 .4 2

142
70
72

46

37

74

133

-

46

37

74

133

-

633
423

6 .9 7
7 .7 2

123
8 99

33
27

54
-

108
-

18

-

1 *1 2 1
951
62

9 .2 1
9 .4 3
4 .4 3

122
70
ia52

_
-

10
10

10
10

12
2

520
512

627
221
57
217
105

9 .2 2
9 .4 2
8 .2 3
9 .4 6
8 .7 7

BULLDOZER OPERATORS
COMMERCIAL ----- — —
STREET ANO HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR,

613
205
213
86
1 *1 2 4
491
56
434
128

_

-

_

4

60
60

2
•
2
—

.
-

PLUMBERS ---------COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY) ROOFERS
COMMERCIAL
SHEET-METAL WORKERS -----COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY I STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS
COMMERCIAL

16

24

16

—
•

*
_

-

3023
2400
6
602
3
36
36
-

24 1538
24 1386
128
80 464
337
80
—
—
•
10
— 117
_

_

-

-

293
81

_

13
13

_
-

no
30
—
80
10
10

_

18

24

44

_

5
5

_
_

20
20
—
—
_
-

117 72150
117 2150
_
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

2
2

7
7

-

_
.

_

32 1604
30 1568

16
16

25 1878
25 1738
140

1

—

232
232
-

_

9 .2 2
9 .2 1

BACK-HOE OPERATORS
COMMERCIAL -------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)
STREET ANO HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

40
40

12

128
128

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

197
197

_

_

_
-

•

20
20

20
20

258
250

76
76

56
56

223
30
—
145
48

290
172
41
20
30

57
13
37
7

8
8
•
-

_

.

-

—

110
110

_
-

100
100

_
-

_i ’ 931
823

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

TRUCKDRIVERS
COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)
STREET ANO HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




—
—

16
16
—

—

8 .4 0
8 .6 1
8 .6 4
7 .5 6

-

10

-

6 .0 2
6 .0 1
5 .7 9
6 .0 7
6 .2 2

41
23
6
-

•

•
14
14
—
-

20
—
—

—
—

_

.

•

•
8
8
-

-

59
53
—
6

121
—
20
101

•

2
—
—
2

6
6
—

30
*
46
2
•
44

4
•

-

_

_

775
343
30
271

—

40
40

14
4
10

m

-

_

_
_

_
_

1

4

—

4

1
.

1
4
4

•

2

2

•
l

•
2

•
2

3

_

.

71
21
10
22

_

-

-

-

1

_

—
-

_
_

_
.

_

-

_

-

_

2

•
4

2

48 3
169
201
32

7
7

_
•

-

_

_

_
-

Table 4 3. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J.'— Continued
..(N u m b er a n 4 a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s i n s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk ers4

$
$
$
$
$
6
%
*
%
$
$
»
A v e ra g e
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 *4 0 3 *6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5,• 00 5 .2 0
h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s 5 Under and
$3.00 under

43
43

$
I 5 .3 7
5 .3 7

CARPENTERS
COMMERCIAL RES* (UNDER 5 STORY I -

270
174
94

! 5 .4 0
i 5 .4 4
5 .3 0

CEMENT MASONS
COMMERCIAL

100

4 .5 0
7 .0 1

-

14

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

31S
315

5 .8 9
5 .8 9

•

PIPEFITTERS —
COMMERCIAL

160
153

5 .6 3
5 .6 3

“

BRICKLAYERS -----COMMERCIAL

407
COMMERCIAL -------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -

212
195

4 .6 4
5 .6 7
3 .5 1

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL
H E L P E R S AND L A B O R E R S

129
35

4 .8 8
6 .6 1

BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL
RES* IUNOER 5 STORY ) -

862
672
190

6 .5 4
5 .0 2

CARPENTERS* HELPERS -------------COMMERCIAL ------- -----------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------

317
137
150

4 .2 6
4 .8 6
3 .8 0

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL
RES* (UNOER 5 STORY ) STREET AND HIGHWAY
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR*

9 ,1 8 2
4 *8 5 2
1 ,1 4 8
2 ,1 7 8
881

, 5 .8 9
6 .2 4
4 .5 6

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS —

263

ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL

204

PLUMBERS* HELPERS -----RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)-----------.tie s , TN J P h U a d e lp h ia S ta " d a r d

6.20

4
4

“

21
17
4

1
1
“

“

10

20

10

“

23
23

~

3
3

8
8

6
6

43
43

.
“

17
17

7
7

22
22

-

-

-

7
7

7
7

-

6
6

-

21
21

_

*
—
*

”

•

*

30

9

9
7
7

-

”

11
11

54
48
6

6
6
-

10
10

29
18
10

-

-

15
6
9

7
7

1

16
14
2

-

51
51

7
7

_

4
4

21
14

24
24

8
8

_
"

13
13
-

34
34
-

33
33
-

1
1

2
2

45
1445

_
“

1
1

_

_

“

6
4

_

*

-

“

5
5

21
*615

-

-

-

90

.
-

_
-

_
-

22
22

_
_

583
32
173
243
135

270
254

24

-

-

-

140
36

72
72
~

-

”

_
•

-

“

40
40

_
-

-

50

7

7

-

-

7
7

_
-

11
11

11
11

_
.

37

206

-

-

6
9
22

6

137
133
_
4
-

13
_
4
9

50
30

165
28
59

624
412
39
144
11

221
33
134
54
“

40

7

75
58
17

49
25
24

201
31
76
20
74

95
5
63
18
9

98
6
63
18
11

43
6
37

-

-

7

5 .4 3

-

36
6
6
24
-

3 .2 3

1 116
?

40

43

6

-

16

6

6

-

6

-

-

100

6 .0 3
5 .5 7

-

-

“

“

-

10
10

“

“

•

~

-

“

137
57

4 .4 2
3 .2 8

20
1 20
8

6
6

6
6

6
6

6
6

6
6

6
**

44

-

7
7

S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s

7
7

_
-

_

265
72
147

M e tr o p o lita n

5
5

_
-

10
10

16
6
10

46

-

_
-

_
*

171
32
80
18
41

6.11

_

~

18
8
10

o f B u c k s . C h e s t e r . D e la w a r e ,

-

M o n tg o m e ry ,

-

-

200

and

-

_

303
6
132
165

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

P h i la d e l p h ia

90

16

_

_

_
-

_
-

54
54

,396
96

21
21

20
“

“

16
16

12
12

30
“

-

15
12 6

4
4

-

.

8
2

6
6

-

_

19
16
2

-

“

-

_

38
38

_

26

“

. _
•
-

-

16
10
6

40

2
_
2

_

21
21
-

40

13
6
7

2 1 10
1
2
10

7
7

-

“
“

-

6

12
4
8

•
-

-

-

29
2
27

20

2
2

-

over

-

6
6

-

6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0

_

16
16

35
11
24

10
~

10
10

“

36
36

■
"

22
—
22

•

10
10
-

10
10

20

2
2

41
—
41

20
20
~

~

23
23

_
- •
-

55
—
1 55
S

.—

5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0

o
(M
•

3 * 2 0 3 *4 0 3 *6 0 3 * 8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 . 80 5 • 00 5..2 0 5 *4 0
^ A P P R E N T IC E S

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0

%

-

C o u n tie s ,

“
_

P a . : and

-

-

600
600
11
11

_

447 4840
186 3250
102
261 1162
299

378
360

-

18
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

-

_
-

-

18

-

-

-

B u r lin g to n ,

C am den,

12

-

and

G o n c e s te r

F o r th e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u rv e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A._____
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s Tn" type(a')_ o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a te l y .
5
fS
I 8 °J
n U m b e 5 ° f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d as a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e of e m p lo y m e n t
O
U *e s h l f t s - z » ” t r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d on d i s t a n c e b e tw e e n lo c k l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s
a nd th e c o n s tr u c ti o n s it e ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s W f r * is sw r v e y .n d 8 ’ h o l id a >'8 ’
o , th
u eeke
0
A * _A
e a
*\
^ _____
a ./
W o rk e rs
w e~r e d i s t r i b u t e d a__ /.I Illo w s : 40 a t $4 to A> *.2 0 ; C and - - a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4.0 .
s fo ______
$4
10
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
1 ,8 2 3 a t $ 9 .8 0 to $ 1 0 .2 0 ; 242 a t $ 1 0 .2 0 to $ 1 0 .6 0 ; and 85 a t $ 1 0 .6 0 to $1 1 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
9 a t $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 45 a t $4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 9 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 27 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 9 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s; 871 a t $ 9 .8 0 to $ 1 0 .2 0 ; 44 a t $ 1 0 .2 0 to $ 1 0 .6 0 ; and 16 a t $ 1 0 .6 0 to $11
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s: 40 a t $4 to $4 .2 0 ; and 12 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $8 to $ 8 .4 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7 .4 0 to $ 7 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 54
a t $ 7 .4 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; 14 a t $ 7 .8 0 to $ 8 .2 0 ; 18 a t $ 8 .2 0
to $ 8 .6 0 ;
3 a t $ 8 .6 0 to $9- 6 a t $9 to $ 9 .4 0 ; and 1 a t $ 9 .4 0 to $ 9 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s ; 20
a t $ 7 .4 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; and 25 a t $ 7 .8 0 to $ 8 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s;
10
a t $2 to $2 .2 0 ; 10 a t $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; and 3 5 a t $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
13
a t $ 7 .4 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; and 2 a t $ 8 .2 0 to $ 8 .6 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s:
6 a t $2 to $ 2 .2 0 ; 31 a t $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; 50 a t $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; and 2 9 a t $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
10 a t $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; and 10 a t $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 .
2
4







Table 4 4. Occupational earnings (union): Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J.1

See footnotes at end of tables.

warnings (union): PhiladelphiaIs Pa.-- N . J . - —Continued
e a r n in g s e f w o r k e r s i n s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d ty p e
3
2
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s tr a ig h t > t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5* of—
4
0
1
S
$ _ T
_
$
$
$
$
T
S
S
S
S
S
S
--- »
»
$
f
A v e ra g e
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3. 80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5 •2 0 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 .GO 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.40
h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s 5 and
a nd
under
"

r

1

1

1

3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5•40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.40 o v e r
A P P R E N T IC E S

23
23

$
.
6.35
6.35

198
144
52

5.60
5.63
5.49

30
14

7.30
7.01

-

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

264
264

5.90
5.90

•

PIPEFITTERS —
COMMERCIAL

160
153

5.63
5.63

7
7

PLUMBERS
COMMERCIAL

172
172

6.24
6.24

_

43
35

6.78
6.61

690
600

6.73
6.81

7V403
4,256
550
1» 879
691

6.40
6.55
5.65
6.47
5.95

140

6.48

BRICKLAYERS ~
COMMERCIAL
CARPENTERS
COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY I CEMENT MASONS —
COMMERCIAL —

101

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL -----------

-

-

~

-

—

-

19
17

4
4
1
1

~
-

-

2

3
3

16
14

22

18
4

2

-

2
2

•

-

17
17

3
3

8
8

-

7
7

7
7

“

*

-

-

_

_

•

19
18
-

_
-

12

-

12

_

10
10

6

•

6
6

43
43

-

-

_

_

7
7

16
16

51
51

_

4
4

*
-

-

2
2

-

13

10

4

6

2

_

13

•
-

6

7

-

6

7

1

_

_

-

6

_

_

_

_

10 1 0
10

2
38
38
-

19
16
2

1115

8
2

-

_
_

6

21
21

2
2

11
11

-

17
17

21
21

_

.

10
10

•
-

_

7
7

14

24
24

.
“

-

13
13

21

8
8

4
4

6
6

34
34

_

10
10

7
7
12
12

-

21

-

_

33
33

1
1

_

21

-

6

1
1

_

_

4

6

16
16

U 72
72

5
5

7
7
l345
45

2
2

5
5

14 2 1

15

H E L P E R S AND LA BO R ERS
BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS
COMMERCIAL
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL --------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORYISTREET ANO HIGHWAY ---------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.
ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS* HELPERS ------

90
—
—
•

-

*

144
144
-

80
80
-

24
—
-

24

42
18

—

24

S e e f o o tn o te 1, ta b l e 4 3 .
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , ta b l e 4 3 .
S e e fo o tn o te 3, ta b l e 4 3 .
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , t a b le 4 3 .
S e e f o o tn o te 5, ta b l e 4 3 .
! W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 188 a t $ 9 . 8 0 to $ 1 0 ; 1 ,5 9 0 a t $ 1 0 to $ 1 0 .2 0 ; 242
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 54 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; 108 a t $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 ; a n d
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 861 a t $ 1 0 to $ 1 0 .2 0 ; 32 a t $ 1 0 .2 0 to $ 1 0 .4 0 ; 12
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 4 a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 8 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 8 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to
$ 6 . 2 0 ; 775 a t $ 6 . 2 0 to $ 6 . 4 0 ; 40 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 . 6 0 ; and 10 a t $ 6 . 6 0 to $ 6 . 8 0 .
10 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 7 . 8 0 to $ 8 . 2 0 .
1 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 6 a t $ 7 . 4 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; a n d 9 a t $ 7 . 8 0 to $ 8 . 2 0 .
1
!? W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 48 a t $ 7 . 4 0 to $ 7 . 8 0 ; 2 a t $ 7 . 8 0 to $ 8 . 2 0 ; 12 a t
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 20 a t $ 7 . 4 0 to $ 7 . 8 0 ; a n d 25 a t $ 7 . 8 0 to $J8.20.
14 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 17 a t $ 7 . 4 0 to $ 7 . 8 0 ; a n d 4 a t $ 8 . 2 0 to $ 8 . 6 0 .




18
18
-

27
-

24

27

-

24
-

200

-

•
200

131
127
-

4
-

13

303
6

4
9

132
165

600

577
26
173
243
135

270
254

381 4840
1 2 0 3250

16

261 1162
299
-

102

329
329
—
-

_
•
.

_
_
-

1
2
3
4
5

a t $ 1 0 .2 0 to $ 1 0 . 4 0 ; a n d 37 a t $ 1 0 .6 0 to $ 1 0 .8 0 .
18 a t $ 5 . 8 0 to $ 6 .
a t $ 1 0 .4 0 t o $ 1 0 .6 0 ; a n d 16 a t $ 1 0 .6 0 to $ 1 0 80
$ 5 . 4 0 ; 59 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 ; 121 a t $ 5 . 6 0 to $ 5 . 8 0 ;

2

a t $ 5 .8 0

to

$ 6 ; 46

$ 8 . 2 0 to $ 8 . 6 0 ; 3 a t $ 8 . 60 to $ 9; 6 a t $ 9 to $ 9 . 4 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 9 . 4 0 to $ 9 . 8 0 .

at $6

to

Table 4 5 . Occupational earnings (nonunion): Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J.‘
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s,

c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 5 of—

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly
e a rn in g s

1

$

4 .0 0 4 .2 0

$

$

i

I

4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 . 0 0

i

$

5 .2 0 5 .4 0

I

I

5 .6 0 5 .8 0

i

I

6 .0 0 6 .2 0

i

$

$

6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0

»

i

%

7 .0 0 7 .2 0

t

7 .4 0 7 .6 0

$

$

t

7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0

U n d e r and
$ 4 .0 0 u n d e r
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 . 8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0

6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 o v e r

JO U R N E Y M E N
$

222

6 .9 4

CARPENTERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY)

102

BRICKLAYERS ------------

832
198
554

5 .6 4
6 .3 2
5 .2 9

CEMENT MASONS
COMMERCIAL

126
66

ELECTRICIANS -----------COMMERCIAL ----------

366
250

6 .3 5
7 .1 7

63
56

5 .2 2
5 .3 1

PLUMBERS ----- --------------------------COMMERCIAL ---------------------RES. (UN0ER 5 STORY)—

516
114
402

5 .3 5
5 .3 6
5 .3 4

ROOFERS

256

6 .4 9

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----- — COMMERCIAL -----------------------RES. IUN0ER 5 STORY)------

180
118
62

5 .0 2
5 .3 3
4 .4 3

PIPEFITTERS COMMERCIAL

10

10

5 .0 4
5 .6 5
27

32

20
8
12

36
2
34

40

102
102

32

10

2
2

-

9

2
-

2

44
30
14

30
20
10

30
30

28
14
14

-

86
30
56

59
59

30

10
10

30
6
24

96
12
34

10
-

6
6

6
6
-

51
10
31
-

1
1

14
10
4

10
10

2

2

40
30

2

2

10

8
8
793
93

9

10
-

9
9

37
30

-

-

20
20

-

46

37

74

133

-

16

24

-

46

37

74

133

-

16

24

20
20

32
10
22

70
60
10

15

51

9

33

15

20
20
-

40
40

32
20
12

-

30
30

6
6

72

132
10
112

28
9

20
20

85
52

10
-

81
81

6

6
44

8

33

100
10
10

10
10

1

-

-

2
10

-

20

-

2

-

5
5

-

-

—
-

—
-

2

2

-

7

-

—
-

7
-

2
—

-

2

10
10

-

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S
BACK-HOE OPERATORS

49

6 .2 8

TRUCKDRIVERS COMMERCIAL

51
33

4 .1 6
4 .5 9

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




16
9 31
19

6

6

-

6

7

4
4

-

-

4
4

Table 4 5 . Occupational earnings (nonunion): Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J.‘— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs4

1

------- $
T — I
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
A v erag e
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 • 20 4 .4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0
h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s 5 U n d e r and
$ 3 .0 0 u n d e r
o
+

o
**

3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

%
$
$
$
$
5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0
. CO

6

6.20

8

S
$
6
$
6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0
a nd

5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 . 8 0 7 .0 0 7 . 4 0

over

A P P R E N T IC E S
CARPENTERS

72

$
4 .8 6

ELECTRICIANS «
COMMERCIAL

51
51

5 .8 5
5 .8 5

. -

9
9

.

235
195

3 .4 6
3 .5 1

"55
95

20

10

P L U M B E R S — -------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORYI

2
6
6
41
41

_

.

-

-

-

10

36
36

24
24

11
6
6
6
6

10

32
_

27
27

„

_

-

-

4

6
6

2

7

-

-

-

2
-

-

6
6

_

2
.

.

124
0
24

.
'

'

11
11

•

H E L PE R S AND LABORERS

103

B R I C K LAYERS* H E L P E R S —
C A R P E N T E R S * H E L P E R S ---C O M M E R C I A L --- --- —
RES. C UNOER S STORYI
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS C O M M E R C I A L ---- -----RES. (UNDER S STORYI
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. •

172

4 .1 0

311
131
150

4 .2 7
4 .9 2
3 .8 0

1 ,7 7 9
596
598
190

3 .7 5
4 .0 3
3 .5 5
3 .5 5

_

22
—
22
171
32

141
2
80

E L E C T R ICIANS* H E L P E R S ~

263

3 .2 3

1
3116

P L U M BERS* HEL P E R S --- —
RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI

101

3 .7 0
3 .2 8

120
4
20

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

*
9
10
11
12
13
14

57

20
10
10
-

_
18

8
10

265
72
147
46

165
28
59
*

40

43

6
6

6
6

40

10
—
10
480
268
39

11
6
6
6

_
50
—
30
141
33
54
-

6
6

_

72
—
25
—
25
“
16

6
6

50
—
40
159
31
58
50

6
_

7
7

75
58
17

77
5
45
9

98

6
44

6
63
11
-

7
—
7

40
7
7

6
10

12
6
6

-

-

6

-

16

7

-

11
11

11
11

_
-

_ , 22
—

22

•

37
- .

6
6

_

_
_

_

66
66

-

—
_

6
22

-

6
6

6
6

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

-

_

S e e fo o tn o te 1, t a b l e 4 3 .
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 4 3 .
S e e fo o tn o te 3, t a b l e 4 3 .
S e e fo o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 4 3 .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o rk a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 8 . 2 0 to $ 8 . 4 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 45 a t $ 1 0 to $ 1 0 .2 0 ; a n d 4 8 a t $ 1 0 .6 0 to $ 1 0 . 8 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 9 . 6 0 to $ 9 . 8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 4 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 4 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 ; 13 a t $ 3 . 2 0 to $ 3 . 4 0 ; a n d 10 a t $ 3 . 4 0 to $ 3 . 6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 6 a t $ 7 . 4 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; 12 a t $ 7 . 8 0 to $ 8 . 2 0 ; a n d 6 a t $ 8 . 2 0 to $ 8 . 6 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 10 a t $ 2 to $ 2 .2 0 ; 10 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 . 4 0 ; a n d 35 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 . 6 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 11 a t $ 2 to $ 2 .2 0 ; 20 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 . 6 0 ; a n d 10 a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 13 a t $ 2 to $ 2 . 2 0 ; 24 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 . 4 0 ; 50 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 . 6 0 ; a n d 2 9 a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 10 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; a n d 10 a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 8 0 .




_
—

49
31

_

Table 4®. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined):
San Francisco—Oakland^ C a lif.1
(N um ber and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o cc u p atio n s, co n stru c tio n i n d u s tr i e s ,2 S ep te m b er 1973)

104



Sea footnotes aft end of table.

Table 4 6 . Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined):
San Francisco—Oakland. Calif.’— Continued
(N um ber and average s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations, construction in d u s trie s ,2 September 1973)

105



T h e S a n F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f A la m e d a , C o n t r a C o s ta , M a r in , San F r a n c i s c o , and S an M a te o C o u n tie s .
F o r th e i n d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u rv e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
3
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta fo r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
4
E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d a s a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of th e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n p r e c i s e m e a s u r e of
e m p lo w n e n t.
5
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and h a z a r d o u s w o r k and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h if t s . Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d on d i s t a n c e
b e tw e e n l o c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s and th e c o n s tr u c tio n s ite ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s u r v e y .
6
W o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 .
7
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 27 a t $4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 9 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; 6 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; an d 6 a t $ 6 .8 0 to $ 7 .
8
W o rk e rs w e re
a t $ 3 .8 0 to $ 4.
9
W o rk e rs w e re
d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s: 5a t $ 3 .2 0 to $ 3 .4 0 ; 4 a t $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; and 4 a t $ 3 .8 0 to $ 4 .
10 W o r k e r s w e r e
d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s: 5a t $ 7 .6 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; 10 a t $ 7 .8 0 to $8 ; and 2 a t $ 8 .4 0 to $ 8 .6 0 .
11 W o r k e r s w e r e
d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 11a t $3 to $ 3 .2 0 ; 10 a t $ 3 .2 0 to $ 3 .4 0 ; 22 a t $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 15 a t $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; and 1 a t $4 to $ 4 .2 0 .
12 W o r k e r s w e r e
a t $ 7 .6 0 to $ 7 .8 0 .
NOTE:

V i r t u a l l y a ll w o r k e r s w e r e p a id r a t e s s e t b y l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.

Table 47. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined):
Seattle—Everett, W ash.1
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2
S e p t e m b e r 1973)
-

Occupation 3 and type of
construction

Number
* 4
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s 5 of—
________
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0
U n d e r6 * 80 7 * ° ° 7 *20
1
and
6 .8 0 under_
7 ,0 0 -7 * 3 0 7 ,4 0

7 ,6 0 7 .8 0 8 ,0 0 8 .2 0 8 ,4 0 8 , 60 8 .8 0

JO UR NEYM EN
$
7 .9 8
7 .9 8

1 ,5 8 2
1 ,0 3 9
316

7 .1 0
7 .1 4
7 .0 7

60

CEMENT MASONS -------------------- ______
COMMERCIAL -------------------- —




• 82

CARPENTERS
<
------------------ _______
C O M M E R C I A L ---- •
--------------RES. 1 UNDER 5 STORY) -------- —

106

-------------------- ___ ___
BRICKLAYERS — >
COMMERCIAL --------------------

195
149

7 .1 7
7 .1 2

6
6

-

143
143

ELECTRICIANS --------------------- _______
COMMERCIAL --------------------

751
711

8 .1 5
8 .1 3

_

_

_

-

“

PIPEFITTERS -----------------------______
COMMERCIAL -------------------- —

206
180

8 .0 6
8 .0 6

-

_

_

-

-

PLUMBERS --------------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------- —

192
192

8 .1 5
8 .1 5

-

_

_

-

“

ROOFERS ---------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -------- ---- —

120
82

6 .8 9
6 .6 5

628
28

_

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ------------ _______
COMMERCIAL --------------------

364
362

8 .0 1
8 .0 1

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

150
150

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS ------- ____ __
COMMERCIAL --------------------

167
167

7 .4 1
7 .4 1

_

-

-

103
103

54
54

BACK-HOE OPERATORS ------------- _______
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------- —

227
110

8 .0 3
7 .8 8

BULLDOZER O P E R A T O R S ------- *
---- _______
STREET AND HIGHWAY --------- —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------- —

176
86
82

8 .0 1
8 .0 5
7 .9 9

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------------------- - ____ __
STREET AND HIGHWAY --------- —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -------- —

236
137
92

7 .5 7
7 .6 3
7 .4 9

_
-

82

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

~

243
171

_
“

46

-

10

27 1243
868
27
270

“

68
68

14
14

-

_
-

_
"

-

9

_
-

9

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

“
_

-

_

570
570

123
123

58
18

-

105
105

81
55

-

-

20
20

122
122

20
20

-

-

-

-

50
50

-

-

-

-

118
116

66
66

30
30

-

-

10
10

-

-

_

_

-

“

—

~

18
18

41
24

32
12

94
24

22
12

_

16

29
22
6

-

-

“

-

_
-

—
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

*

40
12

-

_
~

_

~

~

52
42

-

-

-

~

~

“
-

~

-

E Q U IP M E N T OPERATORS

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .

-

20
20

_

_
“

_
-

_
“

_

_

~

~

-

-

_
-

6

~

125
64
54

49
22
27

128
104
24

_
~

6

56
11
38

-

16
3

-

3

Table 47. Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined):
Seattle—Everett, Wash.1 Continued
—
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r ie s , :
S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 24 a n d ty p e of
3
c o n s tr u c ti o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5* o f—
7
$
$
$
$
$
$
i
$
S
$
S
$
S
Number Average
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0
<* 4 hourly U n d e r ^ 0 0
woricen earnings 8 $
an d
4 . PC u n d e r
_

4 .4 0

4 * 8 0 5.CQ ?•?<> 5 .4 Q 5 , 6 0 5 . 8 9 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0 6 .8 0

6
$
6 .8 0 7 .0 0
and
7 ,0 0

over

A P P R E N T IC E S

107

CARPENTERS
COMMERCIAL




18 3
94

$
5 .1 8
5 .0 2

-

ELECTRICIANS COMMERCIAL

103
103

5 .8 1
5 .8 1

3
3

-

PIPEFITTERS -------COMMERCIAL ------

24
24

5 .5 9
5 .5 9

_

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ------

68
68

5 .8 6
5 .8 6

1 ,2 9 0
582
94
1 74
440

5 .7 1
5 .8 5
4 .0 5
5 .8 6
5 .8 2

5
5

-

19
19

-

3
3

9
9

6
6

4
4

_

2
2

_

-

-

30
20

3

6
6

_

8
8

-

_

-

-

_

63

20

*63

20

-

~

-

21
18

101
28

_

_

-

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

4
4

_

_

_

-

12
12

_

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

32
32

9
9

3
3

1039
490
10
126
413

167
92

-

_

-

-

-

34
34

27
27

_

_

-

-

3
3

_

_

-

-

78
8

_

2
2

3
3

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

10
10

H E L P E R S AN D L A B O R E R S

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS --COMMERCIAL -----------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)—
STREET AND HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

1
1

_

48
27

_
_

_
_

_

-

~

2
S e a t t i ^ - E v e r e t t S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f K in g and S n o h o m is h C o u n tie s .
3 * o r th e i n d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u rv e y , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
4 O v era11 o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s - in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

m e a s u ^ r e ^ o f 'e m p lo y m e n t* n U m b er ^
. * ^ x<L u d e s
l
d i s t a n c e b e tw e e n
W o rk e rs
7 W o rk e rs
8 W o rk e rs

" ° rk e rS

"*

Pr e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and
lo c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s an d th e
w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 24
w e r e a t $ 7 .4 0 to $ 7 .6 0 .
w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 27

t a t , , “ ie d

“

* *e n e ra l

*“ id e *° ^

c o m p o s itio n o f th e w o rk f o r c e ,

ra th e r

h a z a r d o u s w o r k and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h if t s . Z o n e r a t e s
c o n s tr u c ti o n s ite ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s of th fs s u r v e y
a t $5 to $ 5 .2 0 ; an d 4 a t $ 6 .4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 .
P P
Y‘
a t $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; and 36 a t $ 3 .8 0 to $ 4 .

th a n a p r e c i

( u s u a llv bas#»H
(
*

Table 4 8. Occupational earnings (union): Seattle—Everett, Wash
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s ,
c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly

O ccupation3 and type of
construction

1 ------- T -------1
T
“I
1 -------1 ------- $
$
S
T
Number Average
of
hourly 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0
w
orkers earning*5 and
under
6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0

8 .8 0

JO UR NEYM EN
$
7 .9 8
7 .9 8

_
“

-

“

-

~

-

68
68

1 *416
1 ,0 3 9
200

7 .1 3
7 .1 4
7 .1 0

“

- 1173
868
~ 200

243
171

~

-

CEMENT MASONS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------




82
82

CARPENTERS ----------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL — ------------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY1-----------------------

108

BRICKLAYERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

195
149

7 .1 7
7 .1 2

6
6

_
“

143
143

46

-

ELECTRICIANS ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

751
711

8 .1 5
8 .1 3

_

-

_

-

-

PIPEFITTERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

206
180

8 .0 6
8 .0 6

_

PLUMBERS -------------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------

192
192

8 .1 5
8 .1 5

_

_

-

'

“

~

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

14
14

-

~

570
570

123
123

58
18

**

-

_

105
105

81
55

-

-

20
20

~

122
122

20
20

~

•

50
50

~

~

_

-

-

~

ROOFERS -----------------------------------------------------

90

7 .3 9

-

-

-

40

50

-

-

-

-

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------------

364
362

8 .0 1
8 .0 1

_
“

-

_

-

-

150
150

-

118
116

66
66

30
30

-

STRUCTURAL IRCN WORKERS --------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------------

167
167

7 .4 1
7 .4 1

_

-

-

-

-

BACK-HOE OPERATORS ------------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

227
110

8 .0 3
7 .8 8

_

BULLOQZER OPERATORS ----------------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

176
86
82

8 .0 1
8 .0 5
7 .9 9

-

TRUCKORIVERS -----------------------------------------STREET ANO HIGHWAY ------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------------------

236
137
92

7 .5 7
7 .6 3
7 .4 9

-

“

~

_

“

1C3
103

54
54

10
10

-

~

20
20

_

_

_

18
18

41
24

32
12

94
24

22
12

-

-

-

-

“

6
6

~

125
64
54

16
16

29
22
6

-

-

~

"

56
11
38

49
22
27

128
104
24

“

3
3

~

~
~

-

"

E Q U IP M E N T OPERATORS

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

-

-

-

—




Table 4 8. Occupational earnings (union): Seattle—
Everett, Wash.1 Continued
—
(Num ber and average straig h t-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations,
construction industries, 2 September 1973)1
9
7
6
*
4
3
2

1 See footnote 1, table 47.
2 See footnote 2, table 47.
3 See footnote 3, table 47.
4 See footnote 4, table 47.
9 See footnote 5, table 47.
6 W orkers were distributed as follows:
$ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 .
7 W orkers w ere distributed as follows:
$ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 .
* W orkers w ere distributed as follows:
9 See footnote 7, table 47.

5 at $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ;

30 at $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ;

3 at $ 3 to $ 3 .2 0 ;

6 at $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ;

3 at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ;

and 19 at

3 at $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 ; and 9 at

8 at $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; and 4 at $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .

Table 4 9 . Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Washington, D.C.—M d.—
Va.1
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries, 2 September 1973)

Occupation3 and type
o f construction

N u m b er
Average
of
hourly
w o rk e rs 4 earnings5

Num ber of w o rkers receiving s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings 5 of—
$
S
S
S
%
*
$
t
»
$
1
»
$
%
*
S
S
%
%
%
t
$
S
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0 9 .8 0
Under and
and
$5. 00 under
5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0

7 .6 0 7 .8 0 8 .0 0 8 .2 0 8 .4 0 8 .6 0 8 .8 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0 9 .8 0

over

JOURNEYMEN
BRICKLAYERS ----------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)*

2 *6 9 4
*•5 *5
738

$
8 .4 6
8 .6 3
.8 .1 9

CARPENTERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ----- ------------RES. 15 STORY ♦ ) ------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)*
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. *

5 *7 4 6
3 *1 3 0
81
2 *315
87

CEMENT MASONS -----------------COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)*
STREET ANO HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. •

19
8
11

17

10

5

“

17

10

•

36
4
—
32

735
229
3
501

300
140
9
151

172
104
4
64

77
28
49

1
1

212
139
6
67

—
-

5
—
5

25
9
6
10

_
—
-

42
1
15
26
“

20
8
12

45
43
2

45
21
24

-

67
21
37

7
2
-

_
—

_
-

“

*

“

10
8

74
24
46

65
39
20

74
36
38

148
122
16

.

_
-

-

22
12

_

46
46

22
22

.
-

6
6

_
“

6
6

_
“

216
60
126

104
58
46

50
20
20

52
24
28

48
22
26

156
122
34

14
10
4

.
—
“

24
12
12

_
“

2
2
-

4
4
-

3
3

•
-

23
19
4

5
5
-

5
5
-

.
-

_
-

186
162
24

45
12
33

65
47
18

38
32
6

55
32
23

-

95
95

13
13

10
10

6
6

_
-

16
16

.
-

.

6
6

42
42

-

6
6

6
6

1

11

1

11

6 .7 3
7 .4 4
6 .0 3
,5 .7 0
8 .1 2

216
24
628
162

276
67
10
191

938
587
215
96
28

7 .0 7
7 .8 1
5 .8 8
5 .3 4
6 .5 1

44
,1 7
27

53
4
27
22
-

33
4
3
12
14

ELECTRICIANS --------------------COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)*

110

1

1 *8 0 1
1 *3 0 1
458

6 .9 5
7 .5 2
5 .4 4

147
60
83

220
121
93

PIPEFITTERS ----------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------

495
45 9

7 .9 7
8 .0 8

7
3

PLUMBERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)*

1 *5 8 9
980
520

6 .7 4
7 .5 1
5 .5 5

ROOFERS ------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)*

380
259
121

SHEET-METAL WORKERS -----COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)*
STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS
COMMERCIAL ------------------

5

1

•

169 470
22 102
—
—
133 364

749
164
585

43
2
41
-

47
9
36
2
“

43
9
30

193
126
65

95
38
53

2
-

13
5

22
20

164
46
84

138
.3 5
90

70
30
38

6 .2 8
6 .4 7
5 .8 8

•8 9
45
44

6
2
4

1 *2 1 5
1 *0 3 9
176

6 .8 3
7 .0 7
5 .3 9

235
182
»53

102
50
52

279
272

7 .6 1
7 .5 8

26
26

6
6

•

5
*

5

224
168
54

44
35
9

-

910
182
396

16 2202
16 2000
12

69
66
3

392
376
.
7
9

4
_
1

96
96
_
-

-

-

—

875
867
8

_
_

13
13

44
44
-

_
•

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

*
-

-

-

589
589

49
49

71
71

LO
10

-

316
316

6
6

4

6

-

462
450
12

3
3

22
22

-

18
18

52
52

6
6

-

•

_
_

_

-

_

6
6

_
_
_

16
16

7
7
17
17

7
7
-

145
36
109

_
_

6

2
2

235
106
77

«
_

6

-

177
163
14

9

-

-

9

_

_

12
12
1
1

-

—

503
479

..
_■

'
E Q U IP M E N T O PER ATO RS
BACK-HOE OPERATORS — COMMERCIAL --------- — —
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)
STREET ANO HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ■

682
268
61
36
305

6 .5 4
6 .6 5
6 .1 0
5 .0 9
6 .6 4

49
8
—
i°1 3
28

124
90
13
5
16

20
—
•
—
20

29
—
18
5
6

32
9
5
18

—
-

51
15
—
8
28

-

15

BULLDOZER OPERATORS — ■
COMMERCIAL — -----— —
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)
STREET ANO HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. •

720
193
94
49
325

6 .7 0
7 .9 2
5 .5 4
5 .2 5
6 .3 0

78
—
31 21
1212
45

82
15
10
57

13
—
4
4
5

31
—
4
27

23
—
15
8
-

—
—
—
•

50
18
12
6
14

18
12
4
2

22
—
12
—
10

TRUCKDRIVERS
—— COMMERCIAL ----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)
STREET ANO HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. <

1 *1 2 0
377
28
175
512

5 .0 2
5 .4 9
•4 .0 4
4 .4 9
4 .9 0

36
—

27
25

582
206

135
131

—

6
6

—
36
2 312

2
2

See footnotes at end of table.




1S
334
~
9
28
109
188

28
8

—
-

58
39
-

36
-

47
14
7

34
—
-

12

36

26

34

47
47

21
—
21

12
—

6
3
-

—
-

9
—
7

18
11
7

4
-

•

206
86
—
l
87

82
56

-

2
—
—
—

74
32
38

26

39
27

71
62

13
•
_

_
_

«
_

5

5

-

-

-

3
3

-

_

-

_
_

-

-

- ,

Table 4 9 . Occupational earnings (union and nonunion combined): Washington, D.C.—M d.—V a .1 Continued
—
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occu p ation s, co n stru ctio n in d u s trie s , 2 S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d ty p e
3
2
of c o n s tr u c ti o n

N um ber
of
w o rk ers4

$
$
$
$
$
$
i
$
%
$
$
A v e ra g e
S
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0
h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s 56 U n d e r a n d
7
$ 3 .0 0 u n d e r
4 .4 0 6 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 ,0 0 5 .? 0 5 .4 0

3 m 20- 3 ,4 Q 3.6.0

J-

_
_

%
S
t
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 ,4 0
and
5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0

over

A P P R E N T IC E S

BRICKLAYERS
COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

275
159
96

5 .6 9
5 .5 0
5 .9 1

-

-

-

-

CARPENTERS
COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. —

454
296
129
11
50
48

5 .2 5
5 .5 3
4 .4 9
6 .2 0

2
2
-

-

2
2
-

6 .2 1
6 .2 3

1«002
858
140

4 .3 2
4 .4 4
3 .6 2

CEMENT MASONS ---------COMMERCIAL ---------ELECTRICIANS -------------COMMERCIAL -----------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -

120
90
1 30
4
"

146
106
38

1

S .6 T 4 .9 8

193
189

5 .0 4
5 .0 6

6
6

_

COMMERCIAL

251
232

4T n
4 .8 1

4
4

28
23

17
12

31
31

6 .1 2
6 .1 2

_

_

_

762
324
388
379"
300
576

4 .T 5
4 .1 6
* .3 8

■_
•
“
11
10
1

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS
COMMERCIAL------- — --------

2
2
-

31
19
12
-

126
120

SHEET-METAL WORKERS
COMMERCIAL

9
9
-

114
96
18
“

P IP E F IT T E R S ----- —
COMMERCIAL

-

5
5
—
-

-

-

91
89
2
-

30
30

6
6

2
2

_
“

5

4
4

-

-

• _

10
6
4

25
19

1
1

25
19
6

53
6
47
-

7
7
-

19
4
15
-

-

43
43
-

6

24
10
14

2
2
-

58
50
8

28
12
16

65
59
1

28
4
24
-

34
27

1
1

86
82

-

-

2
23
21

-

81
69
12

-

16
12
4
.
-

58
58
_
-

49
49
-

.T ” 26
26
-

.

36
35

_

_

23
23

20
20

20
16

-

3
3

_

“

_

16
6
8
-

9
9
-

2
2
-

4

2
2

,

2

-

-

-

„

47
41
6
-

37
37

38
38

8
6

54
54

_

_

79
79
-

35
35

2
2

31
28

16
2
10
_
-

-

2

-

5

10
10

-

2
2

15
15
-

28
28
-

-

16
16

3
3

40
40

7
7

1
1

5
5

“

19
13
6
_
“
_
_
-

3
3

2
2
_
-

13
13

_

_

-

-

-

14
14
_

“
-

16
6
10

-

-

_

_
27
19

_
_
_

38
34
4
-

5
5

10

14
1
9

19
19

13
12

8
8

_
-

-

47
47
-

_
•

_

4
-

_
_

10
2
2

_
27
27
_

_
“
2
2

10

1

-

6
6

7
7

20
20

6
6

11
9

-

13
13

_
-

2
2

22
22

5
5

1
1

_

H E L P E R S AND LA B O R ER S
BRICKLAYER S• H EL PERS
COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------I ^

peW e r s * HElPERS
COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNDER 5 STORV)-

4 .0 6
4 .0 2
4 .0 7

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
COMMERCIAL --------------RES. (5 STORY + )
RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)STREET AND HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

1 2 ,9 0 6
6 ,3 4 1
530
3 ,2 3 7
844
1 ,9 5 4

4 .7 8
5 .4 9
[4 .7 5
3 .7 4
',4.28
4 .4 3

157
11

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS COMMERCIAL ------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -

1 ,1 4 7
543
590

3 .5 0
3 .6 3
3 .3 7

211
,, 79
1 132
5

-

62
84
“

_
34
10
24

185
116
45

4
4
“

198
36
140

165
68
93

52
40
12

45
30
15

2
2

16
12
4

27
6
21

17
6
11

75
12
63

43
32
11

137
26
111

114
51
60

136
76
60

19
8
11

10

87
13
74

6
-

14
4
10

570 1013 1469 1165
84
132 383
507
6
22
37
443 580 640
342
31
113
94
98
6
166 315
218

444
282
53
14
95

926
226
36
317
64
283

499
176
1
172
18
132

395
70
11
183

731
32
318
338

105
8
15
7

8
2
4

135
78
55

17
11
4

157
37
118

7
6
1
71
30
41

78
2
72

26
—
26
122
28
94

183
65
116

265
243
22

-

-

10

-

-

131

43

75

284
32
15
54
164
19

67
16
51

9
9

1
1

~4
4

_

_

-

6
160
150
6
4
-

373
238
12
21
27
75

-

1
1

-

_

18
18
_

_

62
35

115
10

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

12
12

73
40
27

_

56
56

_

_

_
6
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

18
9
1
-

1

-

105
_
-

_

105 4192
102 3755
24
3
128
285
_
10
_
10
-

_

_
_

_
-

_

•
_

_
_
_
.
3 .8 5
6
97
115
176
37
1 138
28
65
18
16
3
35
.
4 .1 4
50
70
2
31
22
44
26
33
12
16
3
35
3 .6 3 1
4
54
65
90
94
6
2
32
11
1
*-— —------1
T h e W a s h in g to n S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f th e D i s t r i c t . o l C o lu m b ia ; th e c it i e s of A le x a n d r ia , F a i r f a x , and F a l l s C h u r c h , V a .; and th e c o u n tie s of C h a r le s ,
M o n tg o m e ry , an d P r i n c e G e o r g e s , M d .; and A rlin g to n , F a i r f a x , L o u d o u n , a n d P r i n c e W illia m , V a .
2
F o r th e i n d u s t r i a l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , s e e A p p e n d ix A.
3
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4
E s t i m a t e s o f th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e in te n d e d as a g e n e r a l g u id e to th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of th e w o r k f o r c e , r a t h e r th a n
a p r e c i s e m e a s u r e of e m p lo y m e n t.
5
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and h a z a r d o u s w o rk and f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and l a t e s h if t s .
Z o n e r a t e s ( u s u a lly b a s e d on d i s t a n c e b e tw e e n
l o c a l u n io n h e a d q u a r t e r s
and th e c o n s tr u c ti o n s it e ) a r e in c lu d e d in s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a t e s f o r p u r p o s e s of t h is s u r v e y .
6
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s ; 24 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 4 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
5 a t $ 3 .8 0 to $4; 5 a t $4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 7 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 4 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 6 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as fo llo w s :
11 a t $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 26 a t $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 5 a t $4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 27 at $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 12 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 8 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
16 a t $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 10 a t $4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 11 a t $ 4 .4 0 to~$?760; and 16 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo l l o w s: 2 a t $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 9 a t $4.2J) to $ 4 .4 0 ; and 2 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d as follow s:; 2 a t $4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 8 a t $ 4 .2 0 'to $ 4 .4 0 ; 7 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 4 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d "as fo llo w s : 7 a t $4 to $4 .2 0 ; and 5 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s ;
9 a t $3 to $ 3 .2 0 ; 58 a t $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 83 a t $ 3 .8 0 to $4; 121 a t $4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 26 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 27 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 10 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
12 a t $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; and 18 a t $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 .
W o rk e rs
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 24 a t $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 .4 0 ; 6 a t $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 94 a t $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .8 0 ; and 8 a t $ 2 .8 0 to $ 3 .

PLUMBERS* ..HELPERS-------COMMERCIAL
RES. (UNDER 5 STORY) -




735
344
359

_

_

_

_

Table 5 0 . Occupational earningsjunion): W ashington, D .C .—M d.— a .‘
V
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a t i o n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 2 S e p te m b e r 1973)

112



Table 50. Occupational earnings (union): Washington, D.C.—M d.—Va.‘— Continued
( N u m b e r a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of w o r k e r s in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s , c o n s tr u c ti o n i n d u s t r i e s , 1 S e p t e m b e r 1973)
2

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs4

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
1
T
%
4 - *
5.2 0 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 . 0 0

i
T
$
$
T
%
I
S
f
T ----- %
A v e ra g e T ------ S
2.60 2.8 0 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.0 0 4.2 0 4.40 4 .6 0 4.8 0 5.00
h o u r ly
e a r n i n g s 56 and
8
7
under
2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.8 0 4 .0 0 4.20 4.4 0 4 .6 0 4.80 5.00 5.20

4
$
$
S
$
6.40 6 . 8 C 7.20 7 .60 8 . 0 0
—

5.4 0 5.60 5.80

6 .0 0

a nd

6.40 6.80 7.2 0 7-_60 JL. 0 0

over

a p p r e n t ic e s

BRICKLAYERS -----------------------------COMMERCIAL-------------------------- —

102

36

$
5.7 9
5.38

CARPENTERS --------------------------------______
COMMERCIAL -------------------------OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -----------

283
254

5.78
5.7 9

11

6 .2 0

40
38
658
628

4.7 4
4 .7 4

PIPEFITTERS -----------------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------------- — - —

117
117

4.96
4.9 6

PLUMBERS ----------------------------------COMMERCIAL------------------------- — ----

163
163

5.2 4
5.24

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ---------------COMMERCIAL -------------------------- —

164
160

5.28
5.30

31
31

_

_

15
9

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

“

-

-

"

6

_
-

32
24

2

~
65
59

-

1

33
26
“

-

1

86

1

82
2

6.26
6.29

ELECTRICIANS ---------------------------- ---------COMMERCIAL -------------------------- —

113

CEMENT MASONS -------------------------- ______
COMMERCIAL-------------— --------- —

_
-

_
-

6 .1 2
6 .1 2

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS --------COMMERCIAL -------------------------- -----

14
31
28
2

23

66

60

_

“

24
24

_
-

78
78

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

12
12

58
58

42
42

65
65

81
69

12

_

37
37

-

_

-

25
25

_

_

-

“

35
35

_

_

-

-

-

-

35
35

15
15

_

20

_

-

16

-

6
6

30
30

-

-

38
38
46
46

_

-

_

-

_

-

24
18

6
6

-

66
66

_

21

_

~

6

36
36

14

-

19
19
-

27
19
5

8

2

13

_

_

-

-

7
7

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

2C
20

7
7

2
2

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

16
16

9
9
13
13

_

_

-

-

22
22

-

2

_

2

3
3

14
14

8

1
6
6

2
2

-

40
40

_
-

-

8
8

27
27

2
2

5
5

-

1

8

12

•

47
47

5

5
5

2
2

-

_

_

5
5

1
1

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

H E L P E R S AND LA BO R ERS
CONSTRUCTION LABORERS ------------———
COMMERCIAL -------------------------- —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. ----------- —

5.36

50
50

5.78
5.78

PLUMBERS* HELPERS -------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------------- —

1 S ee fo o tn o te 1,
2 S ee f o o tn o te 2 ,
3 S e e fo o tn o te 3,
4 S ee fo o tn o te 4 ,
5 S ee fo o tn o te 5 ,
6 W o rk e rs w e re
7 W o rk e rs w e re
8 J W o rk e rs w e r e
135 a t $ 5 7 6 ( P t o ~ $ ^




5.96

5,622
4,185
570

ta b l e 4 9 .
t a b le 4 9 .
ta b l e 4 9 .
t a b le 4 9 .
ta b le 49.
d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s :
d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :

6 .2 2

-

•
-

-

-

6
6

_
-

28
28

_
-

29
29

_
“

41
41

27
27

13
13

_
-

-

_

-

“

_
-

596
10
21

9
9

_

75
75

162
-

150
150

299
238
61

35
35
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_ 4155

-

_

3740
275

_
-

12
12

35
35

—
-

-

_

12 a t $ 6 .6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; and 26 a t $ 6 . 8 0 to $ 7 .
10 a t $ 6 . 4 0 to $ 6 .6 0 ; 47 a t $ 6 . 6 0 to $ 6 .8 0 ; a n d 20 a t $ 6 . 80 to $ 7 .
27 a t $ 3. 80 to $ 4 ; 1 at $ 4 to $ 4 . 2 0 ; 6 a t $ 4 . 2 0 to $ 4 . 4 0 ; 16 a t $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 ; 36 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 27 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 ; 546 a t $ 5 . 4 0 to $ 5 . 6 0 ; and

Table 51. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Washington, D.C.—M d.—V a .‘
(N u m b e r and a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s, c o n s tru c tio n in d u s trie s , 2

S ep tem b er 1973)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 of—
Occupation 3 and type
o f construction

Number
w ork ers 4

earnings 5

$
S
«
$
$
%
$
%
$
$
$
$
3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.4 0 4 • 60 4.8 0 5.00 5.2 0 5.4 0 5.60 5.80

A verage

$
$
$
$
1
$
$
6 .4 0 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.2 0 7.6 0 8 . 0 0

%

%

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .2 0

6.40 6.6 0 6.80 7.00 7.20 7 .6 0

Under and
$3.60 under

%

8.40
and

3.8 0 4.00 4.2 0 4.4 0 4.60 4 • 80 5.00 5.20 5.4 0 5.60 5.80

6 .0 0

8 .0 0

8.40 o ver

JOURNEYMEN
BRICKLAYERS------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------

1* 192
741
392

CARPENTERS ---------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (5 STORY + ) -------- ---------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ---------------------

3*522
1*108
69
2*315
30

CEMENT MASONS ----------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-------------------STREET AND HIGHWAY ---------------------

573
238
215
89

$
8.13
8.14
8.06
5.86
6 .2 2

5.66
5.70
5.20
6.44
7.45
5.88
5.13

_

-

11

_

1

114

_

5

_

17

10

-

17

10

-

290
130
9
151
-

172
104
4
64
~

77
28
49

1

212

-

139

1

67
~

20
8
12

45
43

45

2

24

-

~

65
39

74
36
38
_

11

-

1

-

-

276
67

169

470

22

102
-

749
164
585
-

36
4
32
-

735
229
3
501

-

_
“

27

26
-

75

65

11

12

-

26
-

24
2

24
40
-

4
49
-

1

5

10

11

5

12

1

-

5
5

4
7

1

6
6

-

33
33

27
9
18

50
38

-

220
121

12

35
13
18

2

93

1

3

3

_

“

1

2

-

3

8

2
1

4
3

36
4
30

97
36
30

5
5
-

27
16

12
12

8
8

-

11

-

-

-

29
29
“

25
14

87
71
16

26
26
“

17

19

9
9
“

-

5

1
-

5.40

PIPEFITTERS -------------------------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------------------------

173
137

6.29

_

_

_

6 .2 0

-

-

-

PLUMBERS ------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------

1*131
534
508

5.84
6.30
5.47

_
-

ROOFERS --------------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)--------------------

170
85
85

5.19
5.11
5.27

SHEET-METAL WORKERS ------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY-)--------------------

648
496
152

5.24
5.35
4.89

BACK-HOE OPERATORS -----COMMERCIAL --------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)
STREET AND HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

393
152
40
36
161

5.56
5.52
5.39
5.09
5.73

BULLDOZER OPERATORS ----RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)
STREET ANO HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

321
94
48
151

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------RES. (UNDER $ STORY)
STREET AND HIGHWAY OTHER HEAVY CONSTR.

326
28
145
138

_

-

~

10
-

10
-

10

-

10

_

26
4

-

11

22

-

11

27

_

30

11

-

20

11

11

16

10

-

4

11

1

-

5

-

_
-

5.79

_

-

6 .1 2

1 *0 2 1

1

19
8

547
442

ELECTRICIANS ------------------------------------COMMERCIAL ----------------------------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)--------------------

_

14
-

14
-

_

2

_

8

133
14

53
4
27

33
4
3

22

12

10

191

364
4
43
2

41
-

47
9
36

_
•
-

2

10

43
9
30

193
126
65

95
38
53

-

13
5

22
20

22
12

138
35
90

70
30
38

216
60
126

104
58
46

6
2

2
2

4

-

4
4
-

3
3
-

65
47
18

38
32

55
32
23

20
-

29
18
5

32

6

5

-

18

31
4
27

23
15

_
-

_

2

102

50
52

6

•

8
_

50
20
20
_
-

-

_
-

2

42
1

15
26
74
24
46
46
46

20
22

-

11

6

229
168
54

44
26
18

409
345
64

6 446

5
5

41
25

57
54
3
“

16
16
~

31
27

7 96

67
21

2

37
~

-

-

“

-

-

6

-

6

6

22

_
-

-

6

21

2
2

7

6
10

-

-

6

-

1

-

6

_

17
17

_
-

2
2

20

-

~

44
44
“

33

_

194
200

96
-

92
92
~
10

52
24
28

48

156

14

_

24

22

122

10

-

26

34

4

-

12
12

23
19
4

5
5
-

5
5
~

«.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33

-

“

-

95
95

13
13

1

_

_

1

-

-

12
12

51
15

_

10

10

6
6

51
32

_
-

_
-

16
16

20

_

29
29
_

E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R S

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le.




_
-

_
-

5.33
5.5 4
5.19
4.99

~

_
-

4.1 7
4.04
4.35
3.90

58
9
4
45

56

-

5
51

4
-

8

-

.
-

4

9
“

17

2

-

24

18

22

7
15

5
5

7
15

9
4

20
6
10

1
1
2
“

10

2

120
11
86
23

8

4

-

5

7

-

7
_
-

124
90
13
5
16
82
15

10

-

20
13
4

4
5

-

57

10

_

_

•

36

-

-

-

-

36

-

9

8

~

_
-

8

-

28

-

-

~

15

50

18

12
12

-

-

-

12
6

14

6

12
4
2

10

3
3

16
-

-

4

-

10
1

16

4

-

3

_
-

“
_
-

"

6

7
-

~
_
-

1

-

-

~

-

~

-

4

4

-

Table 51. Occupational earnings (nonunion): Washington, D .C .—M d.—Va.‘— Continued
(Number and average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations, construction industries, 2 September 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 5 o f—
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d ty p e
3
2
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

S
t
T ™ T ------ " T ” T ” 1 -----$
$
T ” i
A v erag e
N um ber
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0
h o u rly
of
0
1
*
7
w o rk e rs 4 e a rn in g s 56 Under and
$3. 00 u n d e r
3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

*
1
$
♦
$
$
*
$
$
S
5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0

SafrQ. 5 .8 0 6 . 0 0 6 .2 0 6 .4 0 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .4 0 ove r

A P P R E N T IC E S
BRICKLAYERS --------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY1

173
123
SO

$
5*63
5*53
5*88

-

—
-

—
-

-

—
-

—
“

19
19
-

1
1

10
10
“

2
2
-

CARPENTERS -----------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORYI

171
42
129

4 .3 7
3 .9 9
4 . *9

2
2
-

_
—
“

2
2
-

5
5
“

9
9

2
2
“

53
6
47

7
7
-

19
4
15

43
43

ELEC T R IC IA N S -------------------COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNOER 5 STORY)*

344
230
110

3 .5 2
3 .6 3
3 .2 7

54
„ 30
8 24

90
72
18

31
19
12

80
40
38

13
11
2

4
—
4

10

23
23

_
-

-

-

_

8
6

PIPEFITTERS ------------------—

9

6 .4 6

-

-

-

-

-

30
26

3 .9 9
3 .9 8

»6
6

.

1

6
6

2
2

BRICKLAYERS* HELPERS —
COMMERCIAL -----------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY!

762
324
388

4 .2 5
4 .1 6
4 .3 8

-

—
-

7
6
1

CARPENTERS* HELPERS — •
COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)*

879
300
576

4 .0 6
4 .0 2
4 .0 7

11
10
1

34
10
24

CONSTRUCTION LABORERS «
COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (5 STORY ♦ ) -----RES. (UNDER 5 STORYISTREET ANO HIGHWAY —
OTHER HEAVY CONSTR. -

7*284
2*156
203
2*987
554
1*384

3 .8 7
4 .0 7
'.4 .5 9
3 .6 5
3 .5 7
4 .0 5

157
11
62
84

570
84
6
443
31
6

ELECTRICIANS* HELPERS —
COMMERCIAL ---------------RES. (UNDER S STORYI-

1*119
543
562

3 .4 9
3 .6 3
3 .3 5

204
~ 79
10125

151
37
112

78
2
72

183
65
116

259
243
16

PLUMBERS* HELPERS ------- —
COMMERCIAL ------------------RES. (UNDER 5 STORY)-

685
294
359

3 .7 1
3 .8 6
3 .6 3

6
2
4

91
25
54

115
50
65

176
70
90

37
22
11

PLUMBERS ----------------------------COMMERCIAL -------------------

-

—

26
26

28
12
16

-

12
6
6

1
I
-

“

•

-

.
-

7
7

-

1

-

2

-

3
3

115

-

-

-

1

_

_

2
—
2

16
12
4

27
6
21
6
6

14
4
10

—

122
32
15
54
2
19

10

74

27

-

-

-

~

“

“

_
—

—

-

•
.
4

-

2

_

_

.

17
6
11

87
13
74

3
—
3

_

3
3

7
7

4
. —
4

-

-

_ .

28
4
24

4
-

■.
_
-

6
2
4

—

*
*

7
7

2
2
-

38
34
4

_
-

”

14
14

22
10
12

-

-

8

H E L PE R S AND LA BORERS

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
*
*
10

71
30
41

26 185
— 116
26
45

4
4
-

198
36
140

165
68
93

52
40
12

45
30
15

75
12
63

43
32
11

137
26
111

114
51
60

136
76
60

19
8
11

403
282
—
53
14
54

899
226
36
317
64
256

486
176
1
172
18
119

395
70
11
183

135
22
3
88

—

—

131

22

8
2
4

134
78
54

17
11
4

67
16
51

8

1

138
44
94

28
26
2

56
24
32

18
12
6

122
28
94

985 1469 1136
132 383 507
—
22
37
580 640 342
98
113
94
138 315 189

—

1

10
-

10
30
8
15
7
-

6
4
—
-

12
21
27
14

18
9
-

-

115
10
-

-

-

15
12

127
105
12

3

—
_
-

—

73
40
27
-

—
-

—
—
-

-

—

56
56
—

—
—

-

6

10

105

—

.

8
_
-

S e e f o o tn o te 1, t a b l e 4 9 .
S e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e 4 9 .
S e e fo o tn o te 3 , t a b l e 4 9 .
S e e f o o tn o te 4 , t a b l e 4 9 .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d h a z a r d o u s w o r k a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 344 a t $ 8 . 4 0 to $ 8 .8 0 ; 94 a t $ 8 . 8 0 to $ 9 . 2 0 ; a n d 8 a t $ 9 . 2 0 to $ 9 . 6 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 8 . 4 0 to $ 8. 8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s :
12 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 . 4 0 ; a n d 12 a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 8 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 2 4 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to. $ 2 . 4 0 ; 6 a t $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 . 6 0 ; 87 a t $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 80; a n d 8 a t $ 2 . 8 0 to $ 3 .




18

_
-

_

<
-

—

16
16

-

3
3

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

Table 52. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule
(union and nonunion separately): Atlanta, Ga.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e of s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 1 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R a te of p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e
of s p e c if ie d h o u rs 1

Sundays

S a tu rd a y s

D o u b le
t im e

D o uble
tim e

5
5
"

100
100
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99
89
89
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

8
11

-

"

100
100

92
89

94
93
-

6
7
-

100
100
"

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

3
*

97
99

89
88

D o u b le
t im e

-

100
100
53
1
-

100
95
95
100
100
100
47
99
100

-

-

92
89

6
7
30
29
100
100

87
86
-

6
7
_

100
100
“

100
100

■

67
69

13
14

89
88

. 11
12

-

D o u b le
tim e

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __ __ __ __ __
C a r p e n t e r s 4__ _ _ _ _ _ _ ------- __ __ - —
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
C e m e n t m a s o n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) ----------------E l e c t r i c i a n s . __ __ __ _ — — _ __ — __
C o m m e r c i a l .. __ __ — _ _ _ _ _
_ __ _
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) . __ __ __ ------P l u m b e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __________________
R o o f e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) ____________________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) -------S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __

_
2
2
3
45
42
100
100
100
-

99
63
60
94
_
100
100

5
5
-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B ac k -h o e o p e ra to rs
_
------- __ — — _
C o m m e r c i a l .. - __ — — — — — -------

92
89

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
E le c tr ic ia n s .
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
______
C o m m e r c ia l—
_ - ------- - —
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) . __ _.
- —
P lu m b e rs (a ll c o m m e rc ia l) — —
- — H e lp e rs a n d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _ __ — __ _. — __ —
C o m m e r c ia l— _
—

O th e r

H o lid a y s

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

O th e r

U n io n 3

-

116

-

-

-

-

-

-

R a te of p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te of p a y f o r
of s p e c if ie d h o u r s 1
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

-

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

H o lid a y s

Sundays

S a tu r d a y s
D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

63
80
73
93
86
79
62
47
78
72
86
71
68
75
100
63

2
4
_
_
_
38
53
7
_
14
29
32
25
37

63
55
63
38
75
63
50
31
86
100
69
71
68
55
38
63

D ou b le
tim e

Nonunion^-—
Journeymen:
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) --------C a rp e n te rs ------- -------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l___________________
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) .
Cement m as o n s -------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l------------ -------------------E le c tric ia n s (inside w ir e r s ) -----------C o m m e rc ia l--------------------------------P lu m b e r s ________ ___.—-----------------C o m m e rc ia l--------------------------------R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) .
Roofers, composition _— ---------------C o m m e rc ia l--------------------------------S h eet-m etal w o r k e r s ----------------------C o m m e rc ia l--------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .

See footnotes at end of table.




7
8
4
_
_
_
_

14
14
14
10
11
26
2
37

63
80
73
93
86
79
100
100
78 .
72
86
90
89
99
98
100

2
3
_
_
_

_
_

7
_

14
_
_

_
_

23
8
55
11
15
50
69
14
_
31
29
32
45
62
37

Table 5 2 . Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule
(union and nonunion separately): Atlanta, Ga.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s t r u c t i o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e of s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 1 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

Rate of pay fo r
Occupation 2 and type
of construction

Saturdays

of specified hours 1
T im e and
one-half

T im e and
one-half

H o lid a y s

Sundays
Double
tim e

D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

8
-

70
53
87
62
25
63
100
100
100

3
26
13
"

52
6
100

-

48

-

-

-

52

3
6
48

81
81
79
73
35
68
58
82
76
87
74
61
49

27
65
8
18
7
3
7
30

81
81
79
74
39
92
100
82
68
73
50
91
49

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D ouble
tim e

Nonunion 5— Continued
Equipment operators:
B ack-hoe o p e ra to r .
_
_ _
_ _
C o m m e rc ia l
R esid ential (less than 5 storie s) . . .
O ther heavy construction
B u lldozer operator
.
_ _
O ther heavy co n stru c tio n .
. . .
T ru c k d riv e rs (dump tru ck)
C o m m e rc ia l.. _
_ _
_ _ _
S treet and highw ay..

117

Apprentices:
C arp enters _
_
_ _ _
R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)-------------P lum bers .
_ Helpers and lab o rers:
Carp enters
.
. . .
C o m m e rc ia l.
R esid ential (less than 5 stories) .
E le c tric ia n s (inside w ir e r s )
. .
C o m m e rc ia l.. .
.
. . .
P lum bers _ _
_
.
C o m m e rc ia l—
. _
R esid ential (less than 5 stories) . .
Construction la b o r e r s 6
.
_ .
_
C o m m e rc ia l.
_ _
.
_
R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)________
S treet and highway— _ _
_ _ _
O ther heavy co n struction.
. _

3
32
-

8
-

25
2
6
8
18
13
13
7
30

74
79
100
62
25
63
100
100
100

-

-

52
6
100

-

81
81
79
100
100
68
58
82
82
90
74
91
49

_
8
18
1
7

-

-

-

74
79
100
62
16
63
100
100
100

-

1
2
3
4
5
6

R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7AM — P M ) w ith o u t a l s o w o rk in g a l l o f t h e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n io n w o r k e r s i n a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2 .
D o u b le t i m e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to o p e r c e n t o f th e u n io n c a r p e n t e r s .
N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
I n fo r m a tio n i s lim it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 3.
D o u b le t im e f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d h o u r s , n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 1 p e r c e n t o f th e n o n u n io n c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

*

L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




26
61
8
18
11
13
30
-

Table 5 3 . Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Baltimore, Md.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y fo r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

Occupation 1 and type
3
2
of construction

Rate of pay fo r w ork on—

Rate of pay for weekday w ork outside
of specified hours 2

Saturdays

118

Double
tim e

T im e and
one-half

Double
tim e

Journeymen:
B ric k la y e rs ___
C o m m e rc ia l__
__
_ __
______
Carp enters 4 __ __
C o m m e rc ia l.
_
Cement m asons.
_
. . . . .
----- .
E le c tric ia n s ( a ll com m ercial)— .
_
_
__
P ip e fitte rs ( a ll co m m ercial)_______________
Sh eet-m etal w o rkers ( a ll c o m m e rc ia l)_____
S tru ctural iro n w orkers ( a ll c o m m e rc ia l)__

38
50
23
5
-

52
38
90
90
93
100
77
95
100

9
12
5
'

91
88
100
100
100
100
100
95
100

Equipment operators:
B ack-hoe o p e ra to rs _______________________
T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 .
. . .
_
_
Street and h ig h w ay _____________________

26
85
75

73
1

17
77
86

A pprentices:
Carp enters ( a ll c o m m e rc ia l)______________
E le c tric ia n s ( a ll co m m ercial)------ .
Sh eet-m etal w o rkers ( a ll c o m m e rc ia l)_____
S tructural iro n w o rkers ( a ll c o m m e rc ia l)__

9
-

100
100
88
100

H e lp e rs and lab o rers:
Construction la b o re rs 49
__
C o m m e rc ia l. .
___
_
_
S treet and h ig h w a y _____________________
O ther heavy con struction_____

27
10
55
56

52
79
34

1
2
3
4
9

Holidays

Sundays

T im e and
one-half

T im e and
one-ha-lf

5
-

100
100
99
99
31
100
100
95
100

5
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
95
100

83
23
14

13
21
28

87
54
72

13
31
46

87
44
54

9
-

100
100
91
100

9
"

100
100
91
100

9
-

100
100
91
100

25
3
61
56

75
97.
39
44

8
12
42

85
91
88
44

10
21
42

88
100
79
44

U nio n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is l im ite d t o t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2.
R e f e r s t o a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f t h e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 A M -4 PM ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a l l o f t h e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r i p l e t i m e f o r w o r k o n S u n d a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 1 p e r c e n t o f t h e c a r p e n t e r s a n d 5 p e r c e n t o f t h e l a b o r e r s .
D o u b le t i m e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r S u n d a y a n d h o lid a y w o r k , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 25 p e r c e n t o f t h e t r u c k d r i v e r s a n d 1 p e r c e n t o f t h e l a b o r e r s .




Double
tim e

Double
tim e

T im e and
one-half

Table 54. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Baltimore, Md.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e
o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
J o u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs .
C a rp e n te rs
......
C n m m e r r i al T ,.................
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
.......
O m o n t m a f in n n 4 __
r n m m » rr .i» 1
---.
............. _

O th e r

3
5
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
1
1
_
21
29
4
4
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
17
19
14
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

33
46
13
12
42

_
_
_

10
12
.
.
_
"

_
_
14
14
_
_

-

----- -

O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E le c tr ic ia n s
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
P i p e f i t t e r * (a ll c o m m e r c i a l) ,

-

. ..........

C om m e r d a l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o fe rs4
C n m n iftrc i al
S h e e t-m e ta lw o rk e rs 4
r o m m a r r i a l -------------- - R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __

119

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B ack -h o e o p e ra to rs
fn m m « rc ia l
. ..
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e r c ia l _ ... .. .. ..
T ru c k d riv e rs
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

...
.

.

----

..

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s _
C om m e rc ia l
---E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r c ia l
P lu m b e rs
C om m e rc ia l
_
---R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) .
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s 5 _
C o m m e rc ia l

. . . . . .

-

-

~ ...

R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 4 5
• C o m m e rc ia l

R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )

_

-

_

*
1

13
8

_

_
_

_

-

O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E le c tr ic ia n s ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e rc ia l
-------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e rs
C o m m e rc ia l

1
2
3
4
o u ts id e

.......... ..

-

41

-

_

11
19
8

-

_

“

"

.

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—
S a tu rd a y s

Sundays

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

H o lid a y s
D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

_
1
2
_
_
22
_
65
15
11
8
14

59
55
68
32
35
33
65
37
8
10
18

67
67
68
100

59
60
68
48
35
27
65
16
8
10
18
_
66
33
21
52
28
44
_
64
67
48
100

2
_
20
-

56
55
68
100

72
48
92
84
100
46
88

67
24
87
82
78
49
100

7
24
5
12
22

43
24
53
68
78
37
58

31
24
39
26
22
12
42

52
62
30
37
15
24
4
50

70
84
30
37
19
9
31
50

8
10
6
3
8
15
_

70
84
30
37
19
9
31
50

8
10
6
3
8
15

44
51
31
54
60

45
51
35
54
65

59
48
59
_
17
41
51
73
18
10
18
_
66
33
38
26
28
44

_

39
31
61
26
23
28
31
50

_

13
18
4

_
_

_
-

_

_
_
9
.

.40
9
60
_
_
_

71
45

_
26
7
35
33
36
11
5

40
34
21
56
27
41

40
51
21
50
65

_

40
9
39
7
23
80
45

N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. In fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 3.
R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 AM— P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a ll o f t h e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
D o u b le t im e f o r S a t u r d a y w o r k , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 2 p e r c e n t o f t h e c e m e n t m a s o n s , 1 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s , a n d 1 p e r c e n t o f th e l a b o r e r s .
o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s a p p li e d to 9 p e r c e n t o f th e r o o f e r s , 2 p e r c e n t o f th e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s , a n d 1 p e r c e n t o f t h e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .
D o u b le t i m e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r h o lid a y w o r k , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to l e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t o f t h e c a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s a n d th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

* 'L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




D ouble
tim e

4
2
11
16
45
15
11
8
14
26
11
18
7
13
3
11
12
8

6
_

16
15
12
8
26
28
28
10
36
2
5

D o u b le t im e f o r w e e k d a y w o rk

Table 5 5. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Boston, Mass.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

b y p r e m iu m r a t e o f p a y fo r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l i d a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk o u tsid e
o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le tim e

S a tu r d a y s
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

H o lid a y s

Sundays
D o u b le tim e

D o u b le tim e

D o u b le tim e

D o u b le t im e
and o n e -h a lf

T r ip l e tim e

120

J o u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l____ _
C a rp e n te r s
_
C o m m e rc ia l
_
O th e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t ________________
C em ent m a s o n s 4
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _ __________________________
P ip e fitte rs
_
_ .
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
P lu m b e rs
_ _
C o m m e r c i a l ___ ________________________
R o o f e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
_________________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s 4 ____________________

2
2
13
9
65
34
35
13
10
24
6
"

100
100
98
98
100
87
91
35
100
100
66
65
87
90
76
94
100

5
_
65
_
4
24
6
-

100
100
100
100
100
93
97
35
100
100
100
100
96
100
76
94
90

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ______________ ________
C o m m e r c i a l _____ _______________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ______________________
O th e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t __________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _____________________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ______________________
O th e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t __________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s 3 ______________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ___________________________ _
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________

17
100
40
47
18
100
23
97
92
100

83
100
60
53
82
77
3
8
-

17
100
40
31
13
58
23
86
92
81

83
100
60
69
87
42
77
14
8
19

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
98
93
100

10
2
36
4
7
49
89
27

13
12
67
4
10
4
7
-

77
86
33
64
93
93
90
100
48
4
73

-

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
68
95
97
96

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

-

_
_
-

-

100
100
65
81
94
18
15

100
100
95
93
100
100
100

100
100
93
93
100
82
100

_
-

2
18

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ______ ___ __ ______ _________ _
C o m m e r c i a l __________________ ___________
C a r p e n t e r s __________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l --------------------------------------------C e m e n t m a s o n s ___________________
________
C o m m e r c i a l ___ ________ ________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l --------------------------------------------P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) ________________
P l u m b e r 8 _ ---------- ------- --------------------C o m m e r c i a l ______ __ __ ______________
R o o f e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) ___________________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) -------S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s 4 _______________
C o m m e r c ia l __ ___ ________________

34
32
5
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
66
100
100
68
95
100
100

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s _____________________
_
C o m m e r c i a l -----------------------------------------------C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 5 6 ----------------------------C o m m e r c i a l -----------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) --------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _ --------------------------O th e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t
— ------- -------

42
26
6
100
85

100
100
58
74
94
15

-

-

32
5
-

35
19
6
82
85

1 U n ion w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s lim ite d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2.
2 R e f e r s t o a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f t h e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 A M — PM ) w ith o u t a l s o w o r k in g a l l o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 O th e r r a t e s o f p a y f o r w o r k o n S a t u r d a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 2 p e r c e n t o f th e c e m e n t m a s o n s , 10 p e r c e n t o f th e s t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ,
w o r k e r s ' a p p re n tic e s .
5 T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r w o r k o n S u n d a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 2 p e r c e n t o f th e t r u c k d r i v e r s a n d 5 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .
6 T im e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r w o r k o n h o l id a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 5 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .




-

-

a n d 3 p e r c e n t o f th e s t r u c t u r a l ir o n

Table 56. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Boston, Mass.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m iu m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k o n —

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

O c c u p a ti o n 1 a n d ty p e
3
2
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

O th e r

S a tu r d a y s
T im e and
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

H o lid a y s

Sundays
O th e r

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

O th e r

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

O th e r

J o u rn e y m e n :
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
E le c tr ic ia n s
_ _
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
P lu m b e rs 4
C o m m e ric a l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n

5 s to r ie s )
5 s to r ie s )
5 s to r ie s )
5 s to r ie s )

_

----

121

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
T ru c k d riv e rs
O t h e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t
A p p r e n ti c e s :
E le c tric ia n s .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e r c ia l R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E le c tr ic ia n s ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le a s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ................

1
2
3
4

61
57
69
44
34
62
74
100
69
75
57
100

9
-

49
36
69
64
74
44
83
100
69
75
57
100

16
48
14
25
-

14
24
“

2
4
16
20
10
74
100
53
49
34
70

28
32
23
39
34
48
17
31
-

14
24
5
15
6
11
26
23
30

2
4
16
20
10
63
77
48
49
34
70

28
32
23
45
39
56
3
6
-

14
24
5
15
6
11
26
23
30

38
29
41

50
26
36

38
19
27

10
14

50
26
36

-

10
14

88
45
64

-

15
14

88
45
64

37
70
63

-

27
44
70
63

37
16
20

“

63
54

37
16
20

7
9

51
54

56
21
7
9

7
9

35
66
11
72
26
48
50.
40
85

2
18
_

35
71
93
12
79
74
100
85

2
15
-

4
11
18
-

46
33
17
17
20
58

2
15
41
50
27

15
11
26
29
7
40

46
33
17
17
20
58

2
15
41
50
27

15
11
26
29
7
40

%

N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 1 0 0 .. I n fo r m a tio n is lim it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b le 3 .
R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 A M -4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a ll o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
D o u b le t im e an d o n e - h a l f f o r w o r k o n h o lid a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 14 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s an d 16 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s ' a p p r e n t ic e s .




Table 57. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Chicago, III.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s t r u c t i o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2
T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

D o u b le t im e

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
5
5

100
100
100
100
100
_
_
„
_
_

Jo u rn e y m e n :
_
_
_
_
..

O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________

122



l T l» r M H a n «
flo rrim p r r i a l
R p a iH p n H al (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
...........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
V .lp v a to r c o n s t r u c t o r * _ .
_
f ln m m p r H a l
. _
......
R e v id e n t ia l (*> s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
T > ip e fitte r*
_ ...
fn m m p rria l
O f h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
P ln m h e ra
.. ..
......... .........
C n m n e rc ia l
. . . . . .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _.
.. . _
R o o fe rs
.............
r .n m m » r r l a l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an 5 s to r ie s )
S h e e t— e ta l a m tlre rs
m
...........
C o m m e r c ia l
...
.............
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . _
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
...... ._ _
.......... ..... .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
__
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o * o p e r a t o r s
........
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an 5 s to r ie s ) .
. ... _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tru c tio n _
R u l ld o s e r o p e r a t o r s
...
............
C o m m e r c ia l
...
. ........................
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S t r e e t a n d highw ay..
_
_ ___ ________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
. ...........
T n ic h d riv e rs
.. . . _ .....
C o m m e r c ia l
_
.
_ . _ ___
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .
. .. . _
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

See footnotes at end of table,

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
95
95
100
92
20
28
9
93
92
100
89
84
96
100
100
100
99
99
100
_
_

83
61
73
100
92
90
83
55
95
99
36
38
87
23
lfr

8
80
72
91
7
8
11
16
4
_
_

*
*

_

_

1
_
21
_
_
95
95
100
92
20
28
9
19
18
40
60
53
65
100
100
100
7
9
41

100
100
100

_
_
_

16
38
27

83
62
73
94
92
90
83
55
94
99
100
100
100
100
100

8
10
17
45
5
1
_
_

.
.
_

Sundays

S a tu rd a y s
D o u b le tim e

_

_
_
_
_
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
79
100
100
100
5
5
_
8
80
72
91
81
82
60
40
47
35
_
_
_

93
91
59
100
100
100

17
38
27
6
8
10
17
45
6
1
_

_
_
_

_

H o lid a y s

D o u b le t im e

D o u b le t im e

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Table 57. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Chicago, III.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a tu r d a y s ^ S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

123

T im e and o n e - h a l f




R a te of p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2
D o u b le t im e

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _______
C a r p e n te r s
__
_ _ _ __ _
C o m m e rc ia l
___ ___________ __ ______
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
__ ___
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ___ ___________
C e m e n t m a s o n s __ ___ _____________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______ __ ___________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ______________________ _________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________ ______________
P ip e fitte rs
_
___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
P l u m b e r s ___ ___ ___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o f e r s ______________ ______________ ______
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s . ____ ___________ ___
C o m m e r c i a l __ ___ ____ ____ _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs.
C o m m e r c ia l..
________ ________________

_
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
95
94
83
83
82
59
100
100
100
100
100
100
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
5
6
17
17
18
41
_
_
_
_

H e lp e rs an d l a b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ____ . . .
_ __ ___
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )__ ______
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .. ______ ___
______
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s __ _____ _____ ______
C o m m e r c i a l ______
_____________ ______
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e l p e r s __ __ ______
C o m m e r c i a l ___ ___
___________
____
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________

100
100
100
100
100
100.
71
71
22
31
31

_
100
100
_
_
_
_
_

29
29
78
69
89

S a tu r d a y s
T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

100
100
100
_
.
_
_
_
95
95
38
39
65
36
85
100
100
15
10
36
_
99
100
100
100
92
100
71
71
22
31
11

Sundays
D o u b le t im e

H o lid a y s

D o u b le tim e

D o u b le t im e

_
_
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
5
5
62
61
35
64
15
_
_
85
90
64
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
-

8
.

29
29
78
69
89

1 U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100, I n f o r m a t io n i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2 .
2 R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e of th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7AM — P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a l l o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s ,
4
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y . *
* L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

Table 58. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Chicago, III.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s t r u c t i o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

1241



Jo u rn e y m e n :
R o o f e r s ___ .

...................

H e l p e r s an d l a b o r e r s :
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l,
l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 4
C o m m e r c ia l _
_
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )

R a te of p a y f o r w e e k d a y
w o r k o u ts id e o f
s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

S a tu r d a y s

T im e and o n e - h a lf

O c c u p a ti o n 3 an d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e and o n e - h a l f

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—
Sundays
T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

H o lid a y s
D o u b le tim e

T im e and o n e - h a l f

D o u b le t im e

35

47

35

12

35

12

14
39
42
67

60
38
38
81

60
56
76
35

_

41
20
63

60
56
76
35

41
20
63

* N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n in t a b le 3.
R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e . g ., 7 A M -4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a ll o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 D o u b le tim e f o r w o r k o n S a t u r d a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 23 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

_

Table 5 9. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Cleveland, Ohio
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973).

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R a te of p a y f o r w o rk on—

R ate of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

Sundays

S a tu r d a y s

H o lid a y s

D o u b le
t im e

D ouble
tim e




D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ________ ________ ____ ________
C o m m e r c i a l ________ „ ________ ________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C a r p e n t e r s ___________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l . . ________ ____ ___________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) _______
C e m e n t m a s o n s _ ____ _____________________
C o m m e r c i a l ___________________________ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .. __ _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s — ___________ „ — ____ ____
C o m m e r c i a l ______________ „ ___________
P i p e f i t t e r s ___________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
P lu m b e rs .
________ ____ ._ _. __ — ._
C o m m e r c i a l — ________ ____ — — „ —
R o o f e r s ______ ________ ___________ ________
C o m m e r c i a l ____ „ ____ — ____ — —
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ________ ____ ________
C o m m e r c i a l — „ ________ ____ ________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s — ________ — — —
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________

125

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
.
*
_
98
100
87
4
4
_
94
90
99
98
100
-

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
2
13
96
96
100
100
100
100
6
10
1
2
100
100

*
98
100
87
4
4
36
43
-

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
2
13
96
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
64
57
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
'B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ______ ________ — ____
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _____ ________ __ ____
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ___________ _ — ____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __________ __
T r u c k d r i v e r s 4__ — — — _. ____ ________
C o m m e r c i a l ___________ — — — ________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ___________ ___________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . ______________

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
-

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

99
100
100
82
100
100

-

-

-

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ---------------------------------------------------C a r p e n t e r s _____ — ___________ ____ — —
C o m m e r c i a l ________ ____ ________ — —
C e m e n t m a s o n s ______________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ___________ ______________ ____
C o m m e r c i a l _____________________ — — —
P i p e f i t t e r s ________________ — ___________ —
C o m m e r c i a l ___________ ____ ____ — —
P l u m b e r s ____ __ ____ ________ — — ____
C o m m e r c ia l
._
.
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _______ „
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) _____
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ___________ ________

100
100
_
_
100
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
51
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
49
100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 4 _ — --------- — ------C o m m e r c i a l ___________ _________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _________________ ____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __________ „

32
6
18
90
65

68
94
100
82
10
35

32
6
18
90
65

68
94
100
82
10
35

-

1
2
3
4

U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 2.
R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7AM— P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a l l of th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s i n ty p e ( s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
D o u b le tim e a n d o n e - h a lf f o r w o r k o n h o lid a y s , no t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to a l l of th e t r u c k d r i v e r s , a n d 1 p e r c e n t of th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

*

L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

Table 60. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Cleveland, Ohio
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s t r u c t i o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m iu m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e of s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y
w o r k o u ts id e o f
s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2
T im e and o n e - h a lf

126



R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—
S a tu rd a y s
T im e and o n e - h a l f

Sundays

D o u b le tim e

Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n te r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l,
l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
_________
P lu m b e rs
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________

53
9
13

90
100
100

10

H e l p e r s and l a b o r e r s :
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l,
l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 4

52

81
80

19

20

-

-

T im e and o n e - h a l f

H o lid a y s

D o u b le tim e

T im e and o n e - h a l f

D o u b le tim e

90
55
36

10
45
64

90
55
36

10
45
64

81
31

19
42

81
31

19
42

* N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is l im ite d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b l e 3.
R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 A M -4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a ll o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 " O t h e r " r a t e s o f p a y f o r S u n d a y an d h o lid a y w o rk , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 7 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

Table 61. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule
(union and nonunion separately): Dallas, Tex.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s t r u c t i o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u t s i d e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 1 and f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k o n —

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d h o u r s 1

S a tu r d a y s

Sundays
D o u b le
t im e

H o lid a y s
D o u b le
t im e

100
100
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

T im e an d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
C a r p e n te r s
........
.....................................
C o m m e r c ia l
C e m e n t m a s o n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l)
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) -----P l u m b e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s

100
100
100
100
100

100
-

100
100

100
100
-

100
100
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) .............

U n io n 5

-

-

127

-

100

-

100

100

100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
C a r p e n t e r s . _ ................................. ...................
C o m m e r c ia l
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
P l u m b e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s . ' ..
. .. .

100
100
100
100

100
100
-

100
100
100
100

100
100
-

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

H e l p e r s a nd l a b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) _____
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
----

100
100
100

-

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100

R a te o f p a y f o r
w cckd& y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 1

S a tu r d a y s

't i m e a n d
o n e - h a lf

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

-

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—
Sundays
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

H o lid a y s
D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

n h
Otth e r

N o n u n io n 4
Journeymen:
C a rp e n te rs _______________________
C o m m ercial ________________ __
R e sid ential (less than 5 stories)
S treet and h ig h w a y _____________

Other heavy construction_____

Cem ent m a s o n s ___________________
C o m m e rc ia l___________________
R e sid ential ^less than 5 stories)
S treet and h ig h w ay_ __________
_

Other heavy construction_____

E le c tric ia n s ______________________
C o m m e rc ia l___________________
R esid ential (less than 5 stories)

Plumbers5 __________________

C o m m e rc ia l___________________
R e siden tia l (less th an 5 sto rie s )
Roofers ( a ll re s id e n tia l, less
than 5 s to rie s )___________________
S h eet-m etal w o rkers 5 ____________
C o m m e rc ia l___________________
R esid ential (less than 5 stories)

See footnotes at end of table,




6
8

3
-

-

-

"

17
27
3
-

17
27
10

_
24
10
33

3
27
16
4
36
48
51
46

20
27
16
4
36
45
46
44

_
16
35

_

_
37
18
52

-

37
18
52

~

4
8
3
-

2
11
_

-

23
5
34
49
16
-

29

3
-

17
27
3
3
27
16
4
36
52
46
56

_
37
18
52

3
8
_
_
_
9
11
17
_
_
_

21
5
31

-

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

_

32
35
29

_

_
“

Table 61. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule
(union and nonunion separately): Dallas, Tex.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 1 f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
R a te of p a y f o r
w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e
o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 1

S a tu rd a y s

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

O c c u p a ti o n 13 a n d ty p e
24
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e and
o n e - h alf

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—
H o lid a y s

Sundays
T im e and
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

O th e r

N o n u n io n — C o n tin u e d

128

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
......... _ _
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs 5
_ ........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a nd h ig h w a y _
. ___
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s ----- _
S t r e e t a nd h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
___ _ _

-

7
4
7
18
20
23

18
4
23
37
23
56

3
56

H e l p e r s a nd l a b o r e r s :
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
. .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_ _
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
O o n a tr u c tio n l a b o r e r s .
C o m m e r c ia l
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E le c tr ic ia n s ' h e lp e r s
_
_
C o m m e r c ia l
. _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ..................
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s
.
„
C o m m e r c ia l ------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

3
12
4
3
9
18
10
21

10
17
15
13
10
21
4
4
15
43
13
60
65
61
67

10
17
15
13
16
5
7
17
29
40
3
60
57
45
62

1
2
3
4
5

2
33

12
-

-

16

-

8
44
4
7
18
20
23

2

19
33

1
7
18
19
3
9
14
17
12

10
17
15
13
8
5
7
4
15
40
3
60
70
45
82

1
-

-

-

-

-

8
18
13
3
9
13
17
11

4
_
_
14
-

R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 8 A M -4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a ll o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 10 0 . In fo r m a tio n is l im ite d to th o se o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2 .
N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 1 0 0 . In fo r m a tio n is lim it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 3 .
D o u b le t im e f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u t s i d e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 10 p e r c e n t o f th e n o n u n io n p l u m b e r s , 16 p e r c e n t o f th e n o n u n io n s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ,
o f th e n o n u n io n b a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s .




-

and 2 p e r c e n t

Table 62. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Denver, Colo.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2 a n d f o r S a tu r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

63
73
57
44
81
_
_
_
70
76

C o m m e r c i a l . ..------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

_
51
9
40
100
100
24
17
100
31
41
9
_
_
_
35
35
50
_
.
-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e r c i a l . , ---O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _ .................
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s ...........
.........
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
_ .
T ru c k d riv e rs _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .... ...................
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
_

J o u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C a r p e n te r s
_
C o m m e r c ia l
..............
.........
C e m e n t m a tro n s
... ,
......
C o m m e r c ia l
...
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r H a l .......
..........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s
C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte rs
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c i a l , , . , , . , , . ...... .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -----

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
.
...
... ... ..... .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C em ent m aso n s
C o m m e r c ia l____
E le c tr ic ia n s C o m m e r c ia l _
.
. .
P ip e fitte rs _
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n * s t o r i e s )
>
R o o f e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
.................
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o r k e r s .
C o m m e r c ia l ------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e
o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

_

, ,

S a tu r d a y s

O th e r

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

Sundays
D o u b le
t im e

69
59
91
87
100
76
_
_
_
63
60
100

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
6
6
_
_
.
_
5
_
9
_
_
_
37
40
-

37
27
43
51
9
67
26
11
5
5
_
31
41
_
_
_
_
100
100
100
_
_
-

63
73
57
49
91
33
74
89
95
95
100
69
59
100
92
100
85
„
_
..
100
100
100

69
68
76
16
18
68
71
36

3
_
_
_
1
. -

13
29
_
26
_
_
_

1
3
1
2
3
1
_

-

99
97
99
98
97
99
100
100

32
15
57
100
100
7
3
6
_
_
30
31
_
_
2

60
62
55
68
85
43
_
_
81
85
91
43
100
28
.
73
71
98
100

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
11
12
3
28
_
35
_
_
27
29
_

40
38
45
31
15
57
36
_
4
3
_
_
_
_
100
100
-

60
62
55
69
85
43
64
100
96
97
100
71
100
64
_
_
100
100
100
100

-

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

_
_

H o lid a y s
D ouble
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

_
_
_
_
_
_
2

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
81
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92
100
85
100
100
100
100
100
100

44
68
45
53
72
51
55
53

56
32
55
47
28
49
45
47

10
68

_
_
_
_
_
.
_
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
71
100
64
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_

_
_
_
19
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
*
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
1
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

„
_

time

100
100
100
100

100
100
98
100

100
100
100
100

100
100

92
100

85
100

100
100
100
100
100

90
32
100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
71
100
64
100
100
100
100
100
100

Table 62. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Denver, Colo.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , and h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

130

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r ic k la y e r s ' h e lp e rs
f n m m p r H a l ------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ----C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
CYmrvmarcial
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y m n s tm c tio n
.... TT levatnr c o n s t r u c t o r s ’ h e lp e r s ..
P lu m b e rs * h e lp e r s

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k o n —

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e
o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

O c c u p a ti o n 1 a n d ty p e
3
2
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

_

73
71
76
.
81
83
83
93
58
50

D o u b le
tim e

O th e r

_
_
2
1
10
_
2
50
70

_
.
_
_
4
6
7
_
_
_
30

Sundays

S a tu r d a y s
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

64
49
79
_
95
93
90
100
97
50
30

D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

26
51

_
_

_

_

100
5
7
10
_
3
50
70

H o lid a y s
D o uble
t im e

_
47
42
_
50
83

'

1 U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s i n t a b l e 2.
2 O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 R e f e r s t o a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f t h e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 AM— P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a ll o f t h e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4




100
100
100
100
53
58
100
50
17
100
100

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

_
_
_
22
42
_
_

_
“

D o u b le
tim e

100
100
100
100
78
58
100
100
100
100
100

Table 6 3 . Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Denver, Colo.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s t r u c t i o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m iu m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

131

Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n te rs ......................
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C em ent m asons
____ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ ______
_______
E le c tr ic ia n s
.
P lu m b e rs
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
R o o f e r s ___ ___ _
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
T ru c k d riv e rs
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r ic k la y e rs ' h e lp e r s ( a ll r e s id e n tia l, le s s
th a n 5 s to r ie s )
— _
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l, le s s
th a n 5 s to rie s )
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
— __
C o m m e r c i a l __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
— —
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l, le s s
th a n 5 s to r ie s )
. . .
__

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 13
2

-

21

O th e r

1

1
14
20
-

Sundays

S a tu rd a y s
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le tim e

6
7
7
10
3
64
54

1
1
5
7
2
1
2

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

6
7
7
10
66
21

D o u b le tim e

8
8
5
7
2
1
2

H o lid a y s
O th e r

1
1
14
20
-

62
78
40

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

6
7
7
10
66
21

8
8
5
7
2
1
2

O th e r

1
1
14
20
-

62
78
40

-

18
23

60

-

-

-

-

34
-

-

-

-

"

4
13

67
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
29
28
50

1
-

17
24
21
93

12
8
9
-

9
9
-

17
24
21
93

12
8
9

9
9

18
17
50

8
9
—
31

36

"

-

-

34

-

-

4
13

"

-

67
-

66

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l i m i t e d t o t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 3.
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 R e f e r s t o a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f t h e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 A M -4 PM ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a l l o f t h e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .




D o u b le tim e

4
13

-

34
-

-

-

66

Table 64. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union):
Detroit, Mich.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

132



J o u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
.. „ -------------- -------- ---C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
C a r p e n te r s
_
_
__ ___
C o m m e r c ia l ___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n _
____
C em ent m aso n s
___
__
__ _____ „
C o m m e r c ia l_
_
.
_
__ ___
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ___________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ___ ___
___
E le c tr ic ia n s .
-------__ ____
__ __
C o m m e r c ia l .
_____ __ _
. . .
P ip e fitte rs .
__
__ _
C o m m e r c ia l .
__ _ __
__
P lu m b e rs
__
_ __ _
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_
__ __
_ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o fe rs
_ _
_____
C o m m e r c ia l __ ___ ___ __
S h e e t- m e ta lw o rk e r s .
____ _ __
C o m m e r c ia l ___ __
_
_ _____ ._
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . .
___
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) . ^ . _________________________
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e r a to r s . _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l __
_ _
________ _ ___
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n . _ _ _
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _
__ _ — ____ __
C o m m e r c ia l . __ _
_
_
_ _
_
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _
_ _
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _________________
T ru c k d riv e rs _
~
.
C o m m e r c ia l__ _ __
____ __ —
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
__ _ _
__ _ _
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ___ _
_ _
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs __
_ _ _ _ _
_ _
C o m m e r c ia l ------------ ----------------------- ----- C a r p e n te r s
___
C o m m e r c ia l
__
_ . __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __
C em ent m aso n s
_ -------- — __
E le c tr ic ia n s .
__ __
_
__ — -----C o m m e r c ia l - __
__ _ __
P ip e fitte rs
_ __ _
_
____
C o m m e r c ia l - .
_
_
__
P lu m b e rs
__
----C o m m e r c ia l—
—
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
_
R o o f e rs
C o m m e r c ia l------------------S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs
C o m m e r c i a l . ________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs . _
C o m m e r c ia l -

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

-

.
_
_
_
14
_
53
78
.
_
_
4
4
7
86
88
_
_
.

D ouble
t im e

100
100
98
100
100
100
100
77
100
22
100
100
87
86
89
91
82
_
80
74
100

S a tu r d a y s

11
29
-

.
.
.
_
9
4
27
100
100
-

100
100
100
100
100
43
100
100
83
83
77
81
57
.
53
53
100
100

-

-

7
19
2
8
"

H o lid a y s

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
77
100
.
22
100
100
100
100
97
99
93
92
92
100
100
100

-

_
_
_
_
23
_
100
78
.
_
_
3
1
7
_
_
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
77
100
22
100
100
100
100
97
99
93
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
23
_
100
78
_
_
_
.
3
1
7
_
_
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
77
100
_
22
100
100
100
100
97
99
93
100
100
100
100
100

100

-

100

-

100

84
53
100
100
89
63
100
100
98
92
100
100

16
47
-

26
13
82
17
29
44
53
3
62
92
100
1

74
87
18
83
71
56
47
97
38
8
99

26
13
82
17
29
44
53
3
62
92
100
1

74
87
18
83
71
56
47
97
38
8

_
57
.
5
.
27
1
1
.
-

100
100
100
100
100
43
100
100
100
100
95
100
73
99
99
100
100
100
100

-

100
100
100
100
100
43
100
100
100
100
95
100
73
100
100
100
100
100
100

57
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
43
100
100
100
100
95
100
73
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

_
_
_
_
23
.
100
78
_
3
1
7
8
8
_
_
-

100
23
26
27
21
28
38
15
39
30
8
42
33

Sundays
D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

-

-

11
38
-

2
8
-

-

57
_
5
.
27
_
.
-

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

-

-

5
_
27
.
_
_
-

D o u b le
t im e

-

99

Table 6 4 . Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union):
Detroit, M ich.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s *
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

T im e and
o n e -h a lf
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s

_ ...

R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
... ...
..............
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

2

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k o n —

R a te o f p ay f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u c s ia e oi spe<c ix ie a n o u r s

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

D o u b le
t im e

19
1

,

S a tu rd a y s
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

43
63
100
83

Sundays
D o u b le
t im e

41

59
91

Q
7

*
100
100

40
58

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

H o lid a y s
D o u b le
t im e

39
9

Qfi
70

100
88

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

61
91
100
98

D o uble

39
9
■
*
100
88

12

61
91
100
98
12

» n *°n w o r ^ e r ® *n a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is lim it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b l e 2.
R e f e r s to an y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le (e .g . 7 AM-^4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a ll o f t h e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

* L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

133



Table 65. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Detroit, Mich.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , by p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2
an d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
’
R a te o f p ay f o r w e e k d a y
w o rk o u ts id e o f
s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

S a tu rd a y s

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

R a te o f p a y f o r w o rk on—
S undays
D o uble
t im e

59
35

Jo u rn e y m e n :
» C a r p e n t e r s ( a ll r e s i d e n t i a l ,
l e s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
_____
E le c tr ic ia n s .
. „
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s 4
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )

41
65

53
70
63
100

70
41
65

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s . ..........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )

8
10

56
42

33
42

_
_

H o lid a y s

T im e an d
one -h a lf

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

18

23

D o uble
t im e

18
70
41
65
33
42

2 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv en o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 3
R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 A M -4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o rk in g a ll o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
D o u b le t im e f o r w o r k o n S a t u r d a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 37 p e r c e n t o f th e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s .

CO
oy
35
23

Table 6 6. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union):
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u t s i d e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s * a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

134



Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s —— ------- ------- —---- -------------—
C o m m e r c ia L . . ............ ------------ ------- -----C a rp e n te rs
- _______ ___________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s t r u c t i o n ———
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n — - .............. ....
C e m e n t m a s o n s -------------- ------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ——— — — — ____ ______
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tru c tio n ....... —
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ...
— ------E l e c t r i c i a n s ( in s id e w i r e m e n ) ---------------C o m m e r c ia l -------- ------------------ ....------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l) .
P i p e f i tt e r s ( s t e a m f it t e r s ) -----------------------C o m m e r c ia l. _______ _____ — —-------------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n - ,..... . ______
P l u m b e r s -------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i al___ —----- — ------------ ----------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------R o o f e r s , c o m p o s i ti o n ____ ____ — — — —,
C o m m e r c ia l .......
— ------...----------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ------------------------——
—
C om m e rc ia l.
. ■ ........---------------—
■
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ...............
—
C o m m e r c ia l . ____-------------------------- ------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n -------------------E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s 4 -------—--------------------C o m m e r c ia l __________ _________ . . . . . . . .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n —
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ------ . . . . —-----B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s 4 . — —------- -----------C o m m e r c ia l --------------- —------- -----------—
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n -----—
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ---------- -------T r u c k d r i v e r s (d u m p t r u c k ) ...
...............
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s t r u c t i o n ------—
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs
.........................
C o m m e r c ia l . ............... ..........................
C a r p e n t e r s ------- ---------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l . ........ ..........................................
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s t r u c t i o n. ------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n .. -------------C e m e n t m a s o n s __________ _—-------- —---------O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n ..................... —
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( in s id e w i r e m e n ) . -------------C o m m e r c ia l _______ — — R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . — —
P i p e f i t t e r s ( s t e a m f i t t e r s ) ----------------------C om m e r c ia l.
.............
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ., .. . . . . . . . . . .
P l u m b e r s . . . . . . . . . — ................. .
. ... . —
C o m m e r c ia l .....................----------------- ------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . ----See footnotes at end of table,

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k o n —

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e
o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

_
_
_
_
_

100
100
100
100
100
_
_
9
7
12
_
_
67
91
36
_
_
• _
_
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_

100
100
_
_
11
20
_
-

D o u b le
t im e
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
_

_
_
_
100
100
100
100
91
93
88
100
100
100
33
9
64
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
>

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
100
100
100
89
100
80
100
100
100

Sundays

H o lid a y s

D ouble
t im e

D ouble
t im e

D o uble
t im e

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
96
100
88
100
100
100
33
9
64
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100 '
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

S a tu rd a y s
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

_
_
„
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
4
_
12
_
_
_

67
91
36
_
_
_
_
_

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_

.
-

_
_
_
_
_
_

11
_

20
_
_

■

.

_

“

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
100
80
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

Table 6 6. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union):
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 2

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

135



A p p r e n ti c e s — C o n tin u e d
R o o f e r s , c o m p o s itio n _
C o m m e r c ia l —
S h e e t- m e ta l w o rk e rs _
C o m m e r c ia l ___ ___
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r ic k la y e rs ' h e lp e r s .
C o m m e r c ia lC o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s . .
C o m m e r c ia l R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n ___
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n —
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s ' h e lp e r s
( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) ______________

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k c

R a te of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e
o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 2
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

99
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100

a nd f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

S a tu r d a y s
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

Sundays
D ouble
tim e

99
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

( e X 6 ? ^ ^ P M r w F t h o u r a U o " wo^M ng aU
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
8
T r i p l e t im e f o r h o lid a y w o r k , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to a ll o f th e b a c k - h o e! o p e r a t o r s a n d a ll o f th e b u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s .
o p e ra to rs and

H o lid a y s

D ouble
t im e

D ouble
t im e

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100

100

WOrkers * ^

2*

Table 67. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion):
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s t r u c t i o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 4 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

136



Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n te r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l, le s s
th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------------------E le c tr ic ia n s
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) .
P lu m b e rs 4
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l, le s s
t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____________________
E le c tr ic ia n s _
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) .
P lu m b e rs (a ll re s id e n tia l, le s s
t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ______________________
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l, le s s
t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) 4 ---------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r
w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e
o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

S a tu rd a y s

T im e a n d
nn A* hit 1f

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

H oli d a y s

Sundays
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le t im e

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D ouble t im e

100
100
100
68
64

100
100
100
80
78

100
64
32
44
49

36
68
36
29

100
64
32
58
64

36
68
22
13

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
22
45

78
55

100
22
45

78
55

52

65

40

25

46

19

66

100

82

18

82

18

15

78

22

56

30

48

_

N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s lim it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s m ta b l e 3.
R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 A M -4 PM ) w ith o u t a ls o w o rk in g th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
D o u b le t im e ?f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 7 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s a n d 22 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s h e l p e r s .

Table 68. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Miami, Fla.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y fo r w e e k d a y
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d t y p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

s p e c if ie d h o u r s 13
24
D o u b le
t im e

O th e r

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

H o lid a y s

Sundays

S a tu rd a y s
D o u b le
t im e

O th e r

D o u b le
t im e

O th e r

D o u b le
tim e

O th e r

137

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ___________________________________
_________
C o m m e r c ia l. _
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C a r p e n t e r s 4 __ ____
_______ _____________
C o m m e rc ia l.
.
. _ ___ __
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ___ . . __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n .
. . _______
C e m e n t m a s o n s 4 ____
__ — ------ —
C o m m e r c ia l..
_ __
—
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) --------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . _. ___
E l e c t r i c i a n s __
__
__ ____ .
C o m m e r c ia l
__ ____ ___
_______
P ip e fitte rs _
. . .
—
__ — ---P lu m b e rs
_ ____________ .
C o m m e r c ia l.
__
. ___
_________
R o o fe rs.
. . . _. _____________________
C o m m e r c i a l _____ . . ____
_ ___ _____

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
94
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
-

*
6
2
-

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
94
98
100
100
100
87
83
100
100
100
100
100

■
13
17
■

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
94
98
100
100
100
87
83
100
100
100
100
100

*
■
"
■
■
13
17
“
"

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
87
83
100
100
100
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
_________
____
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s 5 ___i . _________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ___________________ :-----

21
48
2
9
2

79
52
63
91
42

35
56

21
48
2
9
2

79
52
63
91
42

21
48
37
9
58

79
52
63
91
42

88
100
82
100
100

12
18

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a rp e n te rs .
. . . .
— — ---- ---C o m m e r c i a l . . . __ ____ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) .. ----------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ____
E l e c t r i c i a n s ________________________— -----------C o m m e r c i a l __ __ __ __
_
___
P l u m b e r s . . __
_
____
____ ____
C o m m e r c i a l __ __
.
„
.
.
R o o f e r s __
— _
. — ---------C o m m e r c i a l ___ __ _ ___
. -------S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) --------

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
-

“

100
100
100
100
94
92
100
100
100
100
100

6
8
-

100
100
100
100
94
92
100
100
100
100
100

~
~
6
8
-

100
100
100
100
94
92
100
100
100
100
100

■
■
6
8
-

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 4 5 ____________________
C o m m e r c ia l
__
_
__ _____
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ___ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . _______
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ __________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) --------

98
100
100
100
50

100

2
50

98
100
100
100
50
77

23

99
100
100
100
71
77

23

99
100
100
100
80
77

23

"
■
■
“
■
“
■
13
17
~
-

-

-

'

_

1 U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. In fo r m a tio n is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2.
2 R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f t h e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e . g ., 7 A M -4 PM ) w ith o u t a ls o w o rk in g a ll t h e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e(s) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
4 T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r w o r k on S u n d a y s , n o t sh ow n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to l e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t o f t h e c a r p e n t e r s , 2 p e r c e n t o f t h e c e m e n t m a s o n s , a n d 1 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .
3 T im e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 35 p e r c e n t o f t h e b u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s a n d 1 p e r c e n t o f t h e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s . T im e and
o n e - h a l f f o r h o lid a y w o r k , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 1 p e r c e n t o f t h e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .
* Less than 0.5 percent.




Table 69. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Miami, Fla.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m iu m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

D o u b le t im e

138

J o u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s __________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _______ _
E le c tr ic ia n s (a ll re s id e n tia l, le s s
t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____________________________
P l u m b e r s _____________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s ------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -----------C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _____________________
C o m m e r c i a l ---------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d hig h w ay ^
----------------------E le c tr ic ia n s ' h e lp e r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l, le s s
th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -----------------------------------------P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ------- -------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r
w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e
o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 13
2
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

-

7
9

H o lid a y s

Sundays

S a tu r d a y s
D o u b le t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le tim e

D o u b le tim e

-

7
9

-

10
13

-

-

27

-

11
11

-

11
11

27
"

11
11

27
-

-

11
11

1
12
-

18
22
1

1
12
-

18
22
-

1
12
-

18
22
2
-

1
12
-1

2
3

23
-

2
3

23

-

23

-

-

2
3

-

2
3

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is lim ite d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 3.
2 R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f t h e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7 A M -4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o rk in g a l l o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) of c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .




T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

4

-

Table 70. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y.
(P e rc e n t of w o rk e rs 1 in construction establishm ents, by ra te of p rem ium pay fo r weekday w o rk outside of specified hours, 2
and fo r Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, September 1973)

T im e and o n e - h a l f

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ...
C o m m e r c ia l ----------------------- --___ . . .
C a r p e n te r s 4*
.
_
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ... ___
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C e m e n t m a s o n s _____________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E le c tric ia n s , . . . .
__
C o m m e r c ia l
_____
P i p e f i t t e r s ________ . . .
C o m m e r c ia l
P lu m b e rs
....
___
C o m m e r c ia l
R o o fe rs.
. _ ... . . . ..
C o m m e r c ia l
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s 9 ____
___________ .....
C o m m e r c ia l

139



E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e r c ia l
... .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _
_
T ru c k d riv e rs 4 4
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ......................................
C o m m e r c ia l
_

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e and o n e - h a l f

C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte rs
_ _ __ ----------C o m m e rc ia l
... ._
P l u m b e r s ._
C o m m e rc ia l . .
.
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s 9 _
... ______ _
C o m m e r c ia l
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s _ ____
.
C o m m e r c ia l
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 4 ............... _ ....... . _
C o m m e r c ia l
--------- ..
---- _ ------ r ....
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an 5 s to rie s )
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ............................ .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

100
100
100
99
100
10
15
-

.... ....

E le c tric ia n s

1
3
8
-

-

100
100
99
97
100
100
100
100
100
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
84
84

*
90
85
100

. .

1
3
8
-

D o u b le tim e

S a tu r d a y s

100
100
81
100
92
92
100
100
68
65

-

-

19
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

Sundays
D o u b le tim e

D o u b le tim e

H o lid a y s
D o u b le t im e

-

100
100
99
97
100
100
100
100
100
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
99
97
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
99
97
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

*
90
85
100

100
100
100
99
100
10
15
-

100
100
100
100
100
98
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
83
86
83

100
100
81
100
100
100
100
100
100
100 .

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

100
100
99
98
100
100
100

100
100
99
98
100
100
100

-

-

19
-

100
100
91
85
100
100
93

9
15
-

7

1 Union w o rk e rs in a given occupation equal 100. Inform ation is lim ite d to those occupations fo r which wage data are shown fo r union w orkers in table 2.
2 R e fers to any hours outside of the re g u la rly established schedule (e .g ., 7 A M -4 P M ) without also w orking all of the reg u lar shift hours.
3 O v e ra ll occupation m ay include data for w orkers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
4 T im e and o n e -h a lf fo r w ork on Sundays and holidays, not shown separately, applied to 1 percent of the carpenters, 2 percent of the tru c k d riv e rs , and 1 percent of the
construction la b o re rs .
9 "O th er" rates of pay fo r weekday w ork outside of specified hours, not shown separately, applied to 16 percent of the sheet-m etal w o rkers and to 32 percent of the sheetm e ta l w o rk e rs ' apprentices.
4 Double tim e and on e -h a lf fo r w ork on holidays, not shown separately, applied to 14 percent of the tru c k d riv e rs .
*

L ess than 0.5 percent.

Table 71. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion):
Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—
O c c u p a ti o n 34 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

H o lid a y s

Sundays

S a tu rd a y s

D o u b le tim e

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

D o u b le tim e

140

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f




T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

Jo u rn e y m e n :
__
— — — —
C a r p e n te r s .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------E l e c t r i c i a n s 2 _ __ _
----— ------- —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------P l u m b e r s 2 4 ---- ----- ------- ----------------- -------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------R o o f e r s ________________________________________

28
28
100
100
91
87
100

10
10
100
100
21
19
20

26
26
23
34
80

23
23
100
100
9
13
20

16
16
■
■
36
40
80

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s __________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 24 5 ------- ----------- -----P f fld f tn H ftl (1*11 t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __
E l e c t r i c i a n s 'h e l p e r s 2 . . ---- ------- ------

40
40
57
68
100

29
29
14
17
100

12
12
12
3

40
40
14
17
100

“
12
3

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv en o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s
in t a b l e 3.
2 R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e . g „ 7 A M -4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a l l o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s . T im e a n d
o n e - h a l f f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 84 p e r c e n t of th e e l e c t r i c i a n s , 25 p e r c e n t of th e c o n s tr u c ti o n
l a b o r e r s , a n d a l l o f th e e l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s . " O th e r " r a t e s o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s a p p lie d to 36 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s .
* O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 " O l li e r " r a t e s o f p a y f o r S u n d a y a n d h o lid a y w o rk , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 4 7 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s a n d 40 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n
la b o re rs.
5 D o u b le t im e f o r w o r k o n S a t u r d a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 9 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

Table 72. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Newark, N.J.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

S a tu rd a y s

Sundays

H oU days

D o u b le tim e

D o u b le tim e

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

J o u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
_
__
..................
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
C a rp e n te r s _
„
___
C o m m e rc ia l
......._
.
...............
C e m e n t m a io n i
------C o m m e rc ia l
_
___
E le c tric ia n *
_ ..........
C o m m e rc ia l

P ip e fitte rs

_ _

___,

C o m m e rc ia l
P lu m b e r*
... _
C o m m e r c i a l _.
... ...................
R o o fe r*
_ ..... . .
_ _
.............. .
C o m m e rc ia l
...
S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r* 4
C o m m e rc ia l
. .....
..................

141



D o u b le tim e

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

D o u b le tim e

_
.
_
.
_
13
13
3
3
.

100
100
100
100
100
100
87
87
97
97
100
100
100
100
95
95
100
100

_
_
_
_
_
..
13
13
3
3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

100
100
100
100
100
100
87
87
97
97
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
85
85
100
100

100
100
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
85
85
100
100

27
50
65

73
50
35
100
36
100

27
50
65

94
75
100
94
100
56

94
75
100
94
100
17

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
95
95

100
100
100
100
95
95

70
95

97
96
100
100

-

_
_

S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ____________________
C o m m e rc ia l

_
-

-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to r*
C o m m e rc ia l
_

5
___

S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n .

. . . .

B u lld o z e r o p e r a to r *

T ru c k d riv e rs 4 5

___

A p p r e n ti c e s :
E le c tr ic ia n *
C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte r*
C o m m e r c i a l ..
S h e e t- m e ta lw o r k e r s 4.
C o m m e r c ia l
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r * 5 _
C o m m e r c ia l
___ __________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
____
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

____

73
50
35
100
36
100
_
_
-

___

_

______

.

-

__________

35
10
100
100

64
100
100
100
100
100
100
65
90

_

_
_
_
30
5
100
93

64

7

.

97
96
100
100

U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv en o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b l e 2 .
R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7AM— P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a l l o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
D o u b le t im e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r w o r k o n S u n d a y s a n d h o lid a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 15 p e r c e n t o f th e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s a n d to 5 p e r c e n t of th e s h e e t - m e t a l
w o r k e r s ' a p p r e n t i c e s . T h e s a m e p r e m i u m r a t e a p p lie d to 17 p e r c e n t o f th e t r u c k d r i v e r s f o r w o r k o n S u n d a y s a n d to 56 p e r c e n t o f th e t r u c k d r i v e r s f o r w o r k on h o l id a y s .
T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r w o r k o n S u n d a y s a n d h o lid a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 3 p e r c e n t o f th e b a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s , 28 p e r c e n t o f th e t r u c k d r i v e r s , a n d l e s s
th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

Table 73. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Newark, N.J.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

142



J o u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n te r s _ _ _ _ _
_ __ _ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l .. __
__ _ __ __
C e m e n t m a s o n s ( a l l c o m m e rc ia l) ''—
E l e c t r i c i a n s — ....................
_
C o m m e r c ia l—
__ __ _ __
P lu m b e rs — _
_ __ ____ _
___
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
R o o f e r s __ __
__ __ __ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l — __ _ __ „ — „
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( c o m m e r c ia l )
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s 4 __
T ru c k d riv e rs
_

_____
____ __
____
_ _
__ __ __
_____
_ _ —
_ — —
__ — „
_ — __

_ __ __ __ __ _ __
.....................

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _
_
C o m m e r c i a l __ _ __
__ __ _ __ _ __
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l,
l e s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) . . .
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ __

1
2
3
4

R a te of p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

H o lid a y s

Sundays

S a tu rd a y s
D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

77
57
56
100
100
81
80
100
100
100

23
43
44
_
19
20
-

77
57
56
44
48
81
80
52
72
70

23
43
44
56
52
19
20
48
28
30

77
57
56
44
48
81
80
52
72
70

23
43
44
56
52
19
20
48
28
30

100
100

100
100

-

75
80

25
20

69
80

25
20

100
100

83
73

17
27

48
73

52
27

48
73

52
27

100

87

13

87

13

87

13

N o n u n io n w o r k e r s i n a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 3.
R e f e r t o a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e of th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e . g . , 7AM —
4PM ) w ith o u t a l s o w o r k in g a ll of th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
" O t h e r " r a t e s o f p a y f o r w o r k on h o lid a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 6 p e r c e n t of th e b a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s .

Table 74. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union):
New York, N.Y.
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , by p r e m i u m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R ate o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y
w o rk o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d
h o u rs 2
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

143



J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ — __ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l __ __ __ ____ __ __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re ) __ __ __
C a r p e n t e r s _ __ ____ __ __ __ __ __ __ ___
C o m m e r c ia l __ __ __ — „ — __ __ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .. __ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C e m e n t m a s o n s __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l ______
___ __ __ __ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ___ __ __ __ __ __ __
E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ___ __ __ __ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __ __ __
P i p e f i t t e r s . __ __ __ __ __ __ — __ ------C o m m e r c ia l __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ —
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re ) __ __ __
P l u m b e r s __ __ _ __ __ ____ — __ __ ___
C o m m e r c i a l ____ ___ ___ __ __ __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o f e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) ____________________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ___ __ __ __ — __ __
C o m m e r c ia l __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s __ ____ __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l ___ __ __ __ __ __ __ ____
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s 4 __ __ __ __ _ ____
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __ __ _ __ __
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __ __ __ __ _ __ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __ __ __ __ __
T r u c k d r i v e r s * 6__ __
— __
..............
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __ __ — __ _ __ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __ __ __ __ __
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re ) __ __ __
C a r p e n t e r s _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ — __ __ __ —
C o m m e r c ia l __ _ __ __ __ ._ __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __ __ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __ __ __ ____
C e m e n t m a s o n s __ __ _ __ __ __ __ — _
C o m m e r c i a l ___ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ___
E l e c t r i c i a n s ___ _ __ __ __ __ __ _ __ —
C o m m e r c ia l __ _ _ __ __ __ _ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re ) __ __ _
P i p e f i t t e r s __ __ __ __ __ __
— _ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l — _ __ __ __ __ — __ __
P l u m b e r s __
______
__ - — __ __
C om m e r c ia l
............ ...
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re ) __________
R o o f e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) __ __ _ _ __ —
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c ia l __ _ __ __ __ __
__ __
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

-

D o u b le
tim e

R a te of p a y f o r w o r k on—
S a tu rd a y s
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

Sundays
D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

H o lid a y s
D ouble
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D ouble
tim e

_
_
_
-

100
100
100
99
99
100
95
100
100
99
100
100
8
10
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

28
7
36
40
34
21
32
56
99
99
100
100

72
93
64
60
66
79
68
44
1
1
-

27
36
40
26
32
56
98
96
100
100

73
100
64
60
74
100
68
44
2
4
-

_
_
_
4
10
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
95
90
99
100

_
_
_
_
6
14
-

99
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
86
85
95
80

-

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
6
7
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
11
15
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
11
15
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
11
15
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

*
*
5
-

1
_
92
90
96
.
-

-

1
_
_
94
93
96
_
_
_
_
-

-

_
_
-

100
100
100
99
99
100
95
100
100
99
100
100
13
17
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
_
86
82
96
_
_
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
14
18
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
_
_
86
82
96
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
14
18
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

*
*
5
1
*

87
83
96
-

1
89
85
96
-

~

-

89
85
96
-

"

-

-

89
85
96
-

“

Table 74. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union):
N ew York, N.Y.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
H e lp e rs a n d la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s __ _ __ __ __ ____
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) . __ __ __
__ __ __ __ . .
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 6 __
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .. __ ____ ____ _. __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . __ __ __ __ _.

R a te of p a y f o r w o r k o n —

R a te of p a y f o r w e e k d a y
w o rk o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d
h o u rs 2

S a tu rd a y s

D o u b le
tim e

85
80
100
95
94
100
87
99

Sundays

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

85
80
100
94
93
96
87
100

15
20
6
7
4
13
"

15
20
_
5
6
_
13
1

H o lid a y s

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf
-

D o u b le
tim e

•

*
1
-

"

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

100
100
100
98
99
100
96
97

D o u b le
tim e
100
100
100
96
99
100
96
87

-

*
1
-

"

1 U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 2.
2 R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e . g . , 7AM — P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a l l of th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
4 " O t h e r " r a t e s o f p a y f o r w o r k on h o lid a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to l e s s
th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t o f th e b a c k -h o e o p e r a t o r s .
5 T r ip l e t im e f o r w o r k on S u n d a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to l e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t of th e t r u c k d r i v e r s .
T h e s a m e p r e m i u m r a t e f o r w o rk on h o lid a y s a p p lie d to
6 p e r c e n t of th e t r u c k d r i v e r s .
6 D o u b le tim e a n d o n e - h a l f f o r w o rk o n h o lid a y s , n o t show n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 2 p e r c e n t of t h e t r u c k d r i v e r s a n d 4 p e r c e n t of th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .
The sam e
p r e m i u m r a t e o f p a y f o r w o r k o n S u n d a y s a p p lie d to 1 p e r c e n t of th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .
*

L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

144



Table 75. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion):
New York, N.Y.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s , 2
a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o lid a y s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w ee k d a y
w o rk o u ts id e of
s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2

S a tu rd a y s

T im e and
o n e - h a lf

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n te r s 4
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
C em ent m asons
P lu m b e rs _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o f e r s 5 __ . . . __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ____

78
100
72
100
65
42
100

68
100
60
100
100
100
100

68
100
60
100
52
78
-

22
_
28

68
100
60
100
52
78
-

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 5 __
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s 5 __ ._
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5

71
80
60
75
100
49

92
80
95
100
100
100

59
45
56
52
37
77

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

__ __ __ __ ____
s to rie s )
_. ._ __ __ _. __
s t o r i e s ) ___ ____

Sundays

H o lid a y s

-

48
22
7
9
7
25
-

23

59
45
56
52
37
77

D ou b le
tim e
22
-

28
-

48
22
7
9
7
25
.
23

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. In fo r m a tio n is l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b le 3.
2 R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u ts id e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7AM— P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o rk in g a l l of th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
4 D o u b le t im e f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d h o u r s a n d fo r w o rk on S a t u r d a y s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 22 p e r c e n t of th e c a r p e n t e r s .
5 " O t h e r " r a t e s o f p a y f o r S u n d a y a n d h o lid a y w o rk , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to a l l of th e r o o f e r s , 26 p e r c e n t of th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s , a n d 23 p e r c e n t of th e
p lu m b e rs ' h e lp e rs .

Table 76. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.
(P e rc e n t o f w o rk e rs 1 in c o n s tru c tio n e s ta b lis h m e n ts , by prem iu m rate o f p ay fo r w eekday w o rk o u tsid e of sp ecified h o u r s 2 and fo r S a tu rd a y s, Sundays, and h o lid ay s, S ep te m b er 1973)

O ccupation 3 and type
o f c o n s tru c tio n

Jo u rn ey m e n :
B r ic k la y e r s 4
___ _________
C o m m e rc ia l
_ __ ......
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) ________
C a rp e n te rs _ . . ____________ ____ ___
C o m m e rc ia l._____
__ _____________
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ____ .
S tre e t an d h ig h w a y ___
„ ________
O th er h eav y c o n s tru c tio n _______________
C em en t m a s o n s
______
___ . . . .
C o m m e rc ia l
_
_ _
S tre e t and highw ay . .
. ......
E le c tric ia n s (a ll c o m m e rc ia l) __ __
_
_
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s _____________________
P ip e fitte r s __________ ___ ___________________
C o m m e rc ia l _
_ _____ —
P l u m b e r s _ __
_
___
___
C om m a rc i a l __________ ;__________________
R o o f e r s T _____ ...
_ ____ __
C o m m e rc ia l____________________________
S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs
___
_____
C o m m e r c ia l..___________________________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
C o m m e rc ia l
_ __ _

145

E quipm ent o p e r a to r s :
B ac k -h o e o p e r a to r s
. _ ...
C o m m e rc ia l
____ ____ _
___
S tre e t and highw ay
. . .
_____
O th er h eav y c o n s tru c tio n __
_ ___ _ __
B u lld o zer o p e r a to r s
C o m m e rc ia l
S tre e t and highw ay
___ __ ____ _
O th er h ea v y c o n s tru c tio n
_ _
T ru c k d riv e r s _____________________________
C o m m e rc ia l
_
_
_
_
S tre e t and highw ay ___________ _ _
O th e r h eavy c o n s tru c tio n _____ __ . .
A p p re n tic e s :
B ric k la y e rs (a ll c o m m e r c ia l) 4 ____________
C a rp e n te rs
_
_
C o m m e rc ia l
_
_
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
___
C em en t m a s o n s ____________________________
C o m ro e ric a l
__
____ ..
E le c tric ia n s (a ll c o m m e r c i a l) _____________
P ip e f i tte r s _________________________________
C o m m e rc ia l _
.
__ _
.
P lu m b e rs (a ll c o m m e rc ia l)
S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs ___ ___ _____
C om m e r c i a l
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s _______________________________
C o m m e rc ia l
_ ____
C o n s tru c tio n l a b o r e r s 4 _____
_ ......
C o m m e rc ia l _
_
Tnrri______ ______
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S tre e t and highw ay ____________________ _
O th er h eav y c o n s tru c tio n _______________
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s ' h e l p e r s .____________

R ate of pay fo r w eekday w ork
outsid e of sp ecified h o u r s 2
T im e and
o n e-h alf

R ate of pay fo r w o rk on—
S atu rd a y s
T im e and
D ouble tim e
o n e -h a lf

Sundays
T im e and
D ouble tim e
o n e-h alf

T im e and
o n e-h alf

H olidays
D ouble tim e
D ouble tim e an d o n e -h a lf T rip le tim e

Double tim e

O th er

.
.
5
4
_
43
.
15
2
59
.
48
3
2
11
_
.
_
.
-

68
67
70
67
73
40
49
96
56
66
5
90
52
78
78
81
87
43
77
97
98
100
100

.
.
.
1
1
_
.
12
15
2
3
3
8
9
20
1
.
.
-

.
.
6
4
3
51
.
18
3
95
.
48
2
2
_
31
1
.
_
-

90
91
70
85
90
69
49
100
81
96
5
100
52
98
98
100
100
56
100
99
100
100
100

.
.
2
1
_
30
.
10
1
11
_
_
2
2
_
.
.
.
.
.
.
-

82
83
70
88
92
72
70
100
89
98
89
100
100
98
98
100
100
76
100
100
100
100
100

.
.
.
2
1
.
30
.
10
1
11
_
_
2
2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

59
59
70
78
86
54
70
30
83
92
79
98
100
96
96
88
95
57
67
98
98
100
100

10
11
.
2
_
_
_
70
.
_
_
.
_
_
.
.
_
.
.

54
21
82
77
53
39
68
50
69
72
64
84

26
53
.
.
30
53
1
18
7
17
-

8
20
3
_
1
4
2
.
5
-

62
21
95
100
67
39
99
82
90
77
100
100

36
79
.
.
33
61
1
18
10
23
.

3
.
8
.
3
6
2
.
18
23
20
-

95
100
87
100
97
94
98
100
82
77
80
100

3
_
8
_
2
6
_
_
18
23
20
-

100
70
82
38
27
57
97
95
100
79
91
89

.
.
_
.
-

1
.
73
43
-

_
.
.
.
40
43

-

-

_
.
-

-

100
92
100
73
27
57
100
100
100
100
100
100

83
93
100
73
60
57
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
42
65
46
.

.
.

100
100
52

.
.

100
100
85

8

.
.
3
3
16
2
-

60

~

_
.
_
.
43
43
_
5
.
_
.

_
_
35

9

24
84
77
40

44

-

15

81

44

46
.
21
60

99
79
40

-

_
.
-

11

3
27
27
.
"

91

63
73
100
100

7
8

O ther
.
.
.
5
3
18
.
.
2
1
8

.
.
-

.
.
.
.
_
.
.
3
2
_
_
_
11
4
6
11
_
_
_
-

.
2
2
1
1
13
23
2
2
.
-

68
72
65
38
55
23
61
68
80
75
78
100

2
.
_
.
1
.
2
.
1
_
2
-

27
28
22
62
40
65
37
32
_
.
_
-

.
_
.
.
_
.
.
.
.
1
.
-

.
_
_
.
40
43
_
.
.
_
_
-

83
93
100
73
60
57
97
100
100
87
91
89

.
.
_
. .
_
_
.
.
_
.
.
-

17

.
.
.
.
_
.
.
.
.
6

-

11
11

.
_

100
100
81
84
63
73
98
100

.
.
_
.
_
_
_
“

_
.
*

.
.
2

11

3
27
27
2
-

_
_
.
.

1

_
_
7

1

.
_
.
-

4

_
.
.
-

1 Union w o rk e rs in a given o cc u p atio n equal 100. In fo rm atio n is lim ite d to th o se o cc u p atio n s fo r w hich w age d a ta a r e shown fo r union w o rk e rs in ta b le 2.
2 R e fe rs to any h o u rs o u tsid e o f th e re g u la rly e s ta b lis h e d schedule (e .g ., 7 A M -4 PM) w ithout a lso w orking a l l of th e r e g u la r sh ift h o u rs .
2
O v e ra ll o cc u p atio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta fo r w o rk e rs in type(s) of c o n s tru c tio n not shown s e p a ra te ly .
4
T rip le tim e fo r w ork on Sundays* not shown s e p a ra te ly , applied to 7 p e rc e n t o f th e b r ic k la y e r s , 17 p e rc e n t o f th e b r ic k la y e r s ' a p p re n tic e s , and le s s th an 0.5 p e rc e n t of th e c o n s tru c tio n la b o r e r s .
* L e s s th a n 0.5 p e rc e n t.




Table 77. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion): Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.
(Percent of workers 1 in construction establishments, by premium pay of pay for weekday work outside of specified hours, 2 and for Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, September 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

146

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
...............................
C a r p e n t e r s 4 mr.„
. _
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C e m e n t m a s o n s 4 ..........
..................
C o m m e r c ia l
..........................
E le c tr ic ia n s
................. ..
C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte rs
C o m m e r c ia l
P lu m b e rs
_
C o m m e r c ia l .......... ........
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
R o o fe rs
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
T ru e k d r iv e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s
................................................
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an 5 s to r ie s )
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s ;
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C o n s t r u c t io n l a h o r e r s 4
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E le c tr ic ia n s

45
40
58
28
49
64
34
48
89
100
55
100
43
39
66
100
41
73
76
19
18
30
15
23
34
37
39
24
52
15
31
-

44
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2
D o u b le
tim e

-

S a tu rd a y s
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

45
64
58
65
73
64
68
68
89
100
83
100
78
39
66
100

H o lid a y s

Sundays
D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

-

45
49
30
64
48
61
38
24
79
89
28
26
28
39
61
93

-

5
7

D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

-

-

-

16
12
8
2
3
31
44
10
11
41
74
32

20
5
18

14
16
24

-

-

-

-

-

26
32
28
25
18
38
24
79
89
35
26
38
39
67
93
16

-

76
84
76

-

16
24

61
80
70

14
20
30

61
80
70

19
59
26
26

39
18
26
15

-

58

59
26
26

26
15

23
60
82
53
34
59
45
11
54
20
35

12
14
13
8
5
13
17

1
-

2
-

-

16
24
39
-

-

4
-

11
-

19
76
84
81
23
66
95
53
49
68
46
27
54
94
89

-

-

39
-

6
-

13
4
-

11
-

-

4
7

-

67
42

-

13
18
36
74
25
-

-

-

-

-

50
95
20
32
53
35
37
54
44
77

15
-

32
8
4
14
17
-

44

1 Nonunion workers in a given occupation equal 100. Information i limited t those occupations for which wage data are shown for nonunion workers in table 3
s
o
.
2 Refers to any hours outside of the regularly established schedule (e.g., 7 AM-4 PM) without also working al of the regular shift hours.
l
3 Overall occupation may include data for workers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
4 "Other" rates for weekday work outside of specified hours, not shown separately, applied to 24 percent of the cement masons and 6 percent of the laborers. "Other" rates for Sunday work
applied to 10 percent of die carpenters, 24 percent of the cement masons, and 15 percent of the laborers; for holiday work, to 11 percent of the carpenters, 48 percent of die cement masons, and
14 percent of the laborers.




Table 78. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union):
San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.
,
(Percent of workers1 in construction establishments, by premium rate of pay for weekday work outside of specified hours, 2 and for Saturdays, Sundays
and holidays, September 1973)
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 2
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

147



D o u b le
t im e

R a te of p a y f o r w o r k on—
S a tu r d a y s

Sundays

H o lid a y s

D o u b le
tim e

D o u b le
tim e

D o u b le
tim e

J o u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
...
...
........... .
C o m m e r c ia l
...
_
_ _
.
C a r p e n t e r s ................ ......... .. ....................
C o m m e rc ia l
..... ...............
_ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
___
' S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c tio n _ _
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n .......... ...................
C em ent m aso n s
,...... ,, .. .............. . ............
C o m m e r c ia l
....
~ ....
... —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c tio n ...
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n
E l e c t r i c i a n s ,.___ ... ....... . ............. .
C o m m e r c ia l ___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ .
P ip e fitte rs
_
_
_.
C o m m e r c i a l ------------- ------------------------------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n ^
P l u m b e r s ............. .
C o m m e r c ia l ....... ...
.
........
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) .......
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _
R o o fe rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ...
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s
.. . _
C o m m e r c ia l
_
.... ....
__
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
.................
C o m m e r c ia l
. .
_

23
22
16
15
43
49
44
66
17
20
83
100
77
-

100
100
77
78
84
85
57
51
56
34
83
80
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
17
23
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ..
................. .
C o m m e r c ia l
_ ............. .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) ...........
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c tio n
O llie r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s ....
C o m m e r c ia l
_ ........ ....
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n ............
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n .. .... .... .
T r u c k d r i v e r s * ...................... . ...
___
C o m m e r c ia l
... .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n ...........
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs
C a rp e n te r s
_ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l .......... _ .................... ._
_ .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
._ ___
E le c tr ic ia n s
_
. ...
C o m m e r c ia l
...
~------ ------- ---R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .............
P ip e fitte rs
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c ia l _
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o fe rs
C o m m e r c ia l ....
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

16
34
3
38
90
100
86

100
84
66
97
62
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
10
14

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

See footnotes at end of table,

Table 78. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union)San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.— Continued
coBMtruction

..Ubll.hm.nt., by premium r.«e of pay for weekday work outeide of specified hour., * and for Saturday,, Sunday.,

Occupation3 and type
of construction

Rate of pay for weekday work
outside of specified hours2
'time and
one-half

148



Apprentices— Continued
Sheet-metal workers .
Commercial.
Residential (less than 5 stories).
Helpers and laborers:
Construction laborers 4 .
.
Commercial.
Residential (less than 5 stories) _
Street and highway construction _
Other heavy construction_____

Double
time

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Rate of pay for work on
Saturdays

Sundays

Double
time

Double
time

100
100
100

Holidays
Double
time

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

3 O^erall^c^u ^ l
Ur,g°Ut*i °^the r* ^ arly esU^sb^d* scheduling?,*
£
workers in table 2.
4 S7
occupation may include data for workers in type(s) of construction not show separately.
*
Time and one-half for work on Saturdays, not shown separately, applied to all of the truckdrivers and construction laborers.

Table 79. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union and nonunion separately):
Seattle—Everett, Wash.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s , b y p r e m i u m r a t e of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 1 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
R a te of p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e o f s p e c i f ie d h o u r s 1

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d ty p e
2
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

S a tu rd a y s

D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

Sundays

H o lid a y s

D o u b le
tim e

D o u b le
tim e

D o u b le
tim e

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
97
100
93
42
68
-

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

U n io n 3

149

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) _______________
C a r p e n t e r s __ ____
_
_ _ _ _ _ __
C o m m e r c ia l..
_ __ __ __ __
__ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C e m e n t m a s o n s ______________________________
C o m m e r c ia l— _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ __
E le c tr ic ia n s — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
— __ __
C o m m e r c ia l.
_ __ __ ._ ____ _
P i p e f i t t e r s ___ ________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l— _
_ _ _ _ _ __
__ __ __
P l u m b e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __________________
_ ___
R o ofer*
... . . . .... ........ .
S h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r s . . .
. . .
C o m m e rc ia l.
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __

1
11
_
_
_
_
-

100
99
100
90
100
100
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs . . .
__ _ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n .
_ __ __ __
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n _
____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . ________________
T ru e kd r iv e r s
_ _
_
______
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n
_ _ __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . ____

26
3
7
58
32
100

74
100
97
100
93
42
68
-

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s __
_____ . _ _
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) __ _ ._ __ __
P ip e f itte r s (a ll c o m m e rc ia l). _
_ __ _
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) _____

-

100
100
99
100
100

-

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _ __
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l — __ __ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ _ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________

39
5
80
68

61
95
20
32

40
5
90
68

60
95
10
32

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

-

_
_
_
-

_
-

-

*
-

3
7
58
32
100

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te of p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k
o u ts id e of s p e c if ie d h o u r s 1
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

S a tu r d a y s
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

Sundays
D o u b le
t im e

H o lid a y s

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

16
23

54
77

16
23

54
77

N o n u n io n 4
Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s ___________________________
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) -

1
2
3
4

22
32

42
60

22
32

48
68

R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f t h e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e . g . , 7AM — PM ) w ith o u t a l s o w o r k in g th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
4
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 2.
N o n u n io n c a r p e n t e r s e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to c a r p e n t e r s , th e o n ly o c c u p a tio n f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 3.




Table 8 0. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (union): Washington, D.C.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , b y p r e m iu m r a t e o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o r k o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s , 2 a n d f o r S a t u r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d h o l id a y s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 3 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k on—

R a te o f p a y f o r w e e k d a y w o rk
o u ts id e o f s p e c if ie d h o u r s 13
2
T im e and
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

S a tu r d a y s

Sundays

H o lid a y s
D o u b le
tim e

l im e a n a
o n e -h a lf

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

54
99
99
99
100
100
100
81
84
100
100
100
57
69
100
100
100
100

45
1
1
37
31
"

54
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
63
69
100
100
100
100

45
1
1
37
31
-

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s _ __
_ _____
C o m m e r c ia l
C a r p e n te r s
^
_
C o m m e r c ia l
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ,, , ...
.... .
C e m e n t m a s o n s ....
_ ... . . .
C o m m e r c ia l
E le c tr ic ia n s
_
____
__ .
C o m m e r c ia l
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) ...
_ __
_ _ _ _ _
P l u m b e r s ...................
C o m m e r c ia l
...... ...........
__ _ __
R o o fe rs
_ __ __ __ __
___ __ ____ _
______
C o m m e r c i a l __
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s __
____
_ _____
C o m m e rc ia l.
____
__ __ __ ____
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ..................
.............
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________

45
1
1
19
16
37
31
'

54
99
98
98
100
100
100
81
84
100
100
100
57
69
100
100
100
-

45
19
16
37
31
-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
........................... . .
— ------C o m m e r c i a l _
_
_ _
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ..
..................... .
_
_
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e r c ia l
___ __
______ _____ __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
T r u c k d r i v e r s ........................ _
C o m m e r c ia l __ ____
_
__ _____ ____

-

-

48
40
59
57
55
45
97
93

52
60
41
43
45
55
3
7

21
24
23
11
24
18
40

79
76
77
89
100
76
82
60

21
24
23
11
24
18
40

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s __ __ ____
__ __
__ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l . __ ___ __ __
_ __ ____
C a r p e n t e r s __
_____ _ __ __ __ __ ____
C o m m e r c i a l . __ --------------------- __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C e m e n t m a s o n s __ ____ ____
__ ___ __
C o m m e r c i a l __ _ ________
__ __
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r c ia l _ _
_
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
P l u m b e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l ) __________________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l . __
____ ___
__ __
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r i c a l ) __

40
37
-

60
63
100
100
100
100
100

65
40
37
-

35
100
100
100
100
100
100
60
63
100
100
100
100
100

65
"

35
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

65
-

18
8
19

75
91
44
100

21
7
30

75
91
44
100

17
7
13

82
92
87
100

17
7
13

H e l p e r s and l a b o r e r s ; __
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
_
__
__ ____
C o m m e r c i a l __
__
_ __ __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n . . . . . . . .
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) ________

1 U nion w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 10 0 . I n fo r m a tio n is l im ite d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta f o r u n io n w o r k e r s a r e sh o w n in t a b l e 2 .
2 R e f e r s to a n y h o u r s o u t s i d e o f th e r e g u l a r l y e s ta b l is h e d s c h e d u le ( e .g ., 7AM— 4 P M ) w ith o u t a ls o w o r k in g a ll o f th e r e g u l a r s h if t h o u r s .
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a t a f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n no t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .




54
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100

63
69
100
100

100
100

79
76
77
89
100

76
82
60
35
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
82
92
87
100

Table 81. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion):
Washington, D.C.
(Percen t o f w o r k e r s 1 in construction establishm ents, by prem ium rate of pay fo r weekday w ork outside of specified hours, 2 and fo r Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, Septem ber 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d t y p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ___- ______ —____________ _______— .
C om m e
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )

R a te o f p a y t o r
w e e k d a y w o rk
o u ts id e o f
s p e c if ie d h o u r s 2
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

R a te o f p a y f o r w o r k o n —
S a tu rd a y s
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

H o lid a y s

Sundays
D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D ou b le
t im e
-

151

C o m m e r c ia l .................—.
... ----- R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
C em ent m aso n s
C o m m e r c i a l .......... ...
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________ :------------------------C o m m e r c i a l - _______ ..._______ ___ — __
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
P ip e fitte rs
C o m m e r c i a l ______
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c ia l .......... .
... ....... ---------------------R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
R o o fe rs
C o m m e r c ia l.. ... .
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S h e e t- m e ta lw o rk e r s .
C o m m e r c i a l _______________- __________ ____ R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )

14
22
2
9
10
70
7
34
40
40
23
16
33
23
24
25
19
_
39
5
- 20

13
15
10
37
48
1
34
31
57
20
77
92
57
21
26
67
59
72
25
12
39
16
2
63

1
3
12
7
2
2
2
-

26
36
9
35
48
31
31
57
19
73
90
48
21
26
63
59
63
6
12
16
2
63

1
1
1
3
1
1
1
12
7
5
2
10
19
39
“

27
36
14
35
48
31
31
57
19
70
86
48
21
26
57
59
49
6 *
12
16
2
63

1
1
1
3
1
1
1
12
7
12
2
24
19
39
~

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B ack -h o e o p e ra to rs 4 5
C o m m e r c i a l ___ . . . ______
- _____ __ —
-----R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n ---------------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n —
B u l ld o x e r o p e r a t o r s
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n —
T ru c k d riv e rs
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ---------------------------

6
8
6
3
1
22
21
49

43
98
14
6
16
26
1
27
21
49

2
25
“

26
39
14
22
15
26
5
“

28
59
25
6
1
21
49

34
39
14
40
19
26
8
5
-

28
59
25
6
-

13
18
15
62
24

26
81
8
90
100
69
60
69

~

13
18
26
81
8
90
100
69
60
69

“

16
10
23
33
29
36

5
13

32
51
21
32
27
35

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s _________ - - . .......... — — -----------C o m m e r c i a l _ . . . --------— ------------------------_
C a r p e n t e r s -------— ................— -------- -- --------C o m m e r c ia l ----------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------- ------E le c tr ic ia n s
C om m e r
- -----------R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
P lu m b e rs
. . . ------. .. — - -------- -------- -----------C om m e
--------- --------H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s : .
B r ic k la y e rs ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e r c ia l ______ _____ _______-— ---------R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s -------------- . . . — - — ------C o m m e r c ia l ____-__- ___ ____ __ ______
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )

See footnotes at end o f table.




4
65
-

18
40
2
1
2

5
15

1
21
49

"
13
18
26
81
8
77
80
69
60
69

”
-

34
51
24
31
23
35

7

19

Table 81. Premium pay provisions for time worked outside regular schedule (nonunion):
Washington, D.C.-^-Continued
(P ercen t of w o r k e r s 1 in construction establishm ents, by prem ium rate of pay fo r weekday w ork outside of specified hours, 2 and fo r Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, Septem ber 1973)

O ccupation3 and type
o f construction

152

H e lp e rs and lab o rers— Continued
Construction lab o re rs 3
C o m m ercial— ............
Resid ential (5 stories o r m o re )
Resid ential (less than 5 s to r ie s )------------S treet and highway construction_________
O the r heavy construction-.— ........... ...........
E le c tric ia n s ' helpers
Comm e r cial__
Resid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)
P lu m b e rs ' helpers
C o m m ercial—_____ - _
_
_ .
R esidential (less than 5 s to r ie s )_____ __

Rate of pay fo r
weekday work
outside of
specified hours 23
1
T im e and
one-half

15
10
50
13
-

28
36
45
28
10
8
13

Rate of pay fo r w ork on—
Saturdays

Sundays

Holidays

Tim e and
one-half

Double
tim e

T im e and
one-half

Double
tim e

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

27
35
7
21
17
34
61
85
37
59
38
72

1
2

26
34
6
25
17
24
59
80
37
56
38
67

5
2
1
1
3
19
3
6

31
34
6
25
17
49
59
80
37
51
38
57

_
_

3
1
_
_
_
1
_
3

4
_
8

1 Nonunion w o rkers in a given occupation equal 100. Inform ation is lim ited to those occupations fo r which wage data are shown fo r nonunion w orkers in table 3.
R e fers to any hours outside o f the re g u la rly established schedule (e.g ., 7 AM— P M ) without also w orking a ll of the reg u lar shift hours.
4
3 O v e ra ll occupations m ay include data fo r w o rkers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
* T r ip le tim e fo r w ork on Sundays, not shown separately, applied to 2 percent o f the back-hoe operators and 1 percent of the bulldoser operators.
Double tim e and o n e -h a lf fo r holiday w o rk , not shown separately, applied to 8 percent of the back-hoe operators and 1 percent of the construction w o rkers.
outside specified hours applied to 1 percent o f the construction lab o rers.




Double
tim e

5
3
1
3
19
3
6
10
18

Double tim e fo r weekday w ork

Table 8 2. Premiunij>ay provisions for daily and weekly
overtime (union): Atlanta, Ga.

Table 83. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly
overtime (nonunion): Atlanta, Ga.

( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p ay p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily
o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)

( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily
o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
D o u b le
T im e a n d
t im e
o n e -h a lf
40 h o u r s

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) 3 --------------------C a r p e n t e r s 4__ — _ — _ _ _ _ _ _
_ — __
C o m m e r c ia l— _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ __ __ __
C em ent m aso n s . . .
_____
_ __ __ — __
C o m m e r c i a l „ __
_ _ __ __ __ __ __
E le c tr ic ia n s .
_ __ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ _ __ _
C o m m e r c i a l — __ __ _ __ _ — __ _ __
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) -------------------------P lu m b e rs (a ll c o m m e rc ia l) . — _ — — R o o fe rs (a ll c o m m e rc ia l). .
_ _ _ _ _ __
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) 3 ___
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) 3. .

1
95
95
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
1
"

1
23
19
97
97
100
100
70
36
100
1
-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) -----------

153

8 h o u rs

100

100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s 4 __ — __ __ __ _
C o m m e r c i a l .. _ — _ __
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
P ip e fitte rs ( a ll c o m m e rc ia l).
P lu m b e rs (a ll c o m m e rc ia l).

_ __ _ — __
_ — __ ____
- — _ — —
__ _ _ — _
— _ „ __ .

94
93
100
100
100

100
34
22

H e lp e rs a n d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _______________________
C o m m e r c i a l ____ — __ — _ ------- _ __

97
100

100
100

10
-

40 h o u r s

99
73
77
3
3
_
-

30
64
99
100

84
93
-

66
78
-

1 U n io n
w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. In fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to t h o s e
o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 2.
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n
s e p a r a te ly .
3 D o u b le t im e a f t e r 8 h o u r s d a ily , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 99 p e r c e n t o f th e
b r i c k l a y e r s a n d s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s a n d a l l of th e s t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s .
4 O t h e r r a t e s e f f e c tiv e a f t e r 8 h o u r s d a ily o r 40 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t s h o w n s e p a r a te l y ,
a p p li e d to 5 p e r c e n t o f th e c a r p e n t e r s a n d 6 p e r c e n t of th e c a r p e n t e r s ' a p p r e n t ic e s .




J o u rn ey m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __ __ __ „ __
C a r p e n t e r s __ __ __ __ __ __ __ — __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l _____ _ __ __ __ — __ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C e m e n t m a s o n s _ _ __ __ __ __ __ __ ____
C o m m e r c ia l
E l e c t r i c i a n s __ __ __ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l — __ __ __ _ ____ __ ____
P l u m b e r s _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ __ ____ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l — ____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ — „
R o o f e rs __ „ — __ „
_ „ — __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l - _ __ __ ____ __ __ __ __
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c ia l _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ _
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __ _ — __ ------- — __
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s ________
_ ____
_ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s ________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
..
...
_
_
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ___________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ___ — —
P l u m b e r s -------------------------------------------------------H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s _________________________
C o m m e r c i a l — _ __ ____ __ __ __ _ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ _
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _______________________
C o m m e r c i a l — __ _ __ _ ____ ____ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ___ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ____ __ __ _ __ ____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . _ __ __ — __
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s — __ ____ ____ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l — __ ____ „ __ ____ — __
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

8 h o u rs

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

40 h o u r s

47
25
36
5
27
_
20
28
7
1
14
10
11
2
2
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

19
_
_
_
8

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

_
-

43
52
22
19
20
4
50
-

11
26
8
_

18

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a t io n i s l im it e d to th o s e
o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 3.
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n
s e p a ra te ly .

Table 8 4. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly
overtime (union): Baltimore, Md.

Table 8 5. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly
overtime (nonunion): Baltimore, Md.

( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 i n c o n s t r u c t i o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is io n s f o r d a il y o r
w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)

( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r
w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c ti v e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e
a n d h o ti r s a f t e r
w h ic h « f fe c tiv e
T im e a n d
D o u b le
t im e
o n e -h a lf

O c c u p a tio n 23a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

8 h o u rs
Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s . .. . . .
C o m m e r c ia l
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l.
r .f m m t m a tn m
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) _______________
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) _ . ...
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) _____
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __

40 h o u r s

-

23
5
-

100
100
100
100
93
100
77
95
100

17
77
86

83
23
14

17
77
86

83
23
14

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a i r c o m m e r c i a l)
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) __
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __

9
-

100
100
91
100

9
-

100
100
91
100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s . .
_
_ __
C o m m e r c ia l.
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __
_
. . .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________

40
10
100
56

60
90

....

.

...

_

-

7
-

23
5

154

-

44

-

7
-

-

36
2
100
56

64
98
-

44

'
1 U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n is l im ite d to th o s e
o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2.
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n
s e p a r a te ly .




D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a nd
o n e -h a lf

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

8 h o u rs

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

40 h o u r s

62
50
100
100
93
100
77
95
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B ack -h o e o p e ra to rs _
T ru c k d riv e rs
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y

38
50

8 h o u r8

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
T im e and
D o u b le
o n e -h a lf
tim e

40 h o u r s

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ,._____ ____ __ ____ _____ ___
C a r p e n t e r s ____________________ ___ _______ ____
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ .
. ___
C e m e n t m a s o n s __
.
_ ___ ____ ____
C o m m e r c i a l _____
„
____
__ _____
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ___
_ ___ _. _ ___
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n __ ___ .
____
E l e c t r i c i a n s __
_ ____ __ ____
_ ____
C o m m e r c i a l ____ ______
- ________ - R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) _________________
P l u m b e r s . _ ____ ____ __
. ._ ._ __
C o m m e r c i a l - _______ „ ___
.. .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------------- -----------R o o fe rs
_
C o m m e r c i a l ___
__ _ _______
____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s . . . . .
_ __
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __

78
36
47
10
35
41
40
82
23
10
18
77
36
59
23
32
33
37
55

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __ __
____ ____ 1___
___ _. __ .
_____ .
C o m m e r c i a l .. _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s . __ __
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s _________________________________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ . . _ __ _

59
20
76
53
56
36
54

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ____ ____
__
__ —
____
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
E le c tr ic ia n s .
_
. . . .
..
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
P lu m b e rs
__ _
C o m m e r c i a l . _. _.
. . .
.
_____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . __ ___
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) _____

35
42
30
37
25
44
13

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s __________________________
C o m m e r c ia l.
____ __ ._ —
____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _______________________
C o m m e r c ia l.
___
___
_____________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _
____ __
._ ___
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ ._ ______
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c ia l.
__ _ _______ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ____ ___
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e r c i a l __ __
_ ____ __

20
28
6
43
47
23
35
57
7
23
16
44

100
100
100
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n i s l i m i t e d to t h o s e
o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 3.
2 O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t show n
s e p a r a te ly .
3 D o u b le t i m e a f t e r 8 h o u r s d a ily o r 40 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d
to 1 p e r c e n t o f t h e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

Table 8 6. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly
overtime (union): Boston, Mass.

Table 87. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly
overtime (nonunion): Boston, Mass.

( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m pay p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r
w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)

( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r
w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c ti v e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

r
D a ily ove: r ti m e r a te — WTekT y o v e r t i m e r a t e
a n d hou r s a f t e r
anc l h o u r s a f t e r
w h ic h e f fe c tiv e
w h c h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d D ouble T im e a n d
D o u b le
O th e r
o n e -h a lf
t im e
o n e - h a lf
t im e
8 h o u rs

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
C a rp e n te rs _

6
6

O t h e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t------------------------------13
9
65

S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l) ______
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs

155

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B ack -h o e o p e ra to rs
......... .....
C o m m e r c ia l .
•
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t________________ _
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _
C o m m e r c ia l
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ... ..................
O t h e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t.
T rn rk d r iv e r s
...............
C o m m e r c ia l ...
... .
...........................
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
...... . .. .
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l . . .
. .
..............................
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
.
.... .... _
C e m e n t m a s o n s ..
.........
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_
................. . ._ ..
TTlectri c ia n s
C o m m e r c ia l
.........................
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l)
■ p iu m h ers
. ..
.............................. ..
C o m m e r c ia l
....
_ ...
. .....
R o o f e r s (a ll c o m m e r c i a l ) lr
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l)
S t r n e t n r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ............................
C o m m e r c ia l
.....
....................
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r ic k l a y e r s • h e lp e r s _
C o m m e r c ia l
C o n s tr u c tio n l a b o r e r s
...........
C o m m e r c ia l. _ ...
_
........... ......
R e s i d e n t i a l (4 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
................. _.

34
35
13
10
24
6

17
100
40
47
18
100
23
97
92
100
_

34
32
5

43
27
6
100
85

8 h o u rs

100
100
94
94
100
87
91
35
100
100
66
65
87
90
76
94
100
83
100
60
53
82
77
3
8

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
66
100
100
68
95
100
100
100
100
57
73
94
15

40 h o u r s

40 h o u rs

-

97
97
93
92
100
73
75
35
100
100
62
62
87
89
76
91
87

6
6
8
9

34
35
13
10
24
6

17
100
40
47
18
100
23
96
92
98
-

34
32
5

40 h o u rs

3
3
2
2
19
16
65
4
4
*
★
3
13

83
100
60
53
82

_

77
3
8

_

1

2

89
88
96
96
100
100
100
100
57
96
96
68
88
97
96

11
12
4
4

9
4
4
7
3
4

-

100
100

-

40
27

55

5

70
94

3
6
29

71
85

15

1 U n io n w o r k e r s i n a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l i m i t e d to th o s e
o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b le 2.
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n
s e p a r a te ly .*
* 'L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
8 h o u rs

J o u rn e y m e n :
C a rp e n te rs
C o m m e r c ia l______
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n
E le c tr ic ia n s .
_ __
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n
P lu m b e rs 3
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s __
C o m m e r c ia l — _ .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n

w e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e and
o n e -h a lf
40 h o u rs

45
60
23
53
49
62
57
77
54
36
23
55

100
100
100
100
100
100
91
100
100
100
100
100

88
55
77

100
100
100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
E le c tr ic ia n s _
_
C o m m e r c ia l
P lu m b e rs
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____ ___

50
26
48
51

100
100
100
100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C a r p e n te r s 1 h e lp e rs
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
O t h e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t.
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ______ __________________
C o m m e r c ia l
.....
.. . . ..
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e rs
_ .........

_
44
11
59
44
62
67
40
85

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_ _
5 s to r ie s )
... ..
_
_
. ... , , . .
5 s to r ie s )
_ _
_
5 s to r ie s )
_
_
____
5 s to rie s )

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
T ru c k d riv e rs
_ ..
O t h e r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t

_

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a t io n i s l im it e d to t h o s e
o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 3.
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n
s e p a r a te ly .
3
O t h e r r a t e s o f p a y a f t e r 8 h o u r s d a ily o r 40 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y ,
a p p lie d to 9 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s .

Table 8 8. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): Chicago, III.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s for. d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c ti v e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
8 h o u rs

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r ic k la y e rs .. _

_ .

R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __

D o u b le
tim e

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u r s a f t e r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
D o u b le
T im e and
o n e -h a lf
tim e

8 h o u rs

40 h o u rs

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

__ .

O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C a r p e n te r s
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
r « m * n t m a s o n s ..

156

R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
...
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
.
.. _
_.. .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
r l.rtr lr la n a
.............
_ .. .
C o m m e r c ia l
... .
_
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
... .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
V .le v a to r c o n s t r u c t o r s .............. _ .......... .
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
P ip e fitte rs
............
C o m m e r c ia l
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n . . _ ____ —
P lu m b e rs
...
... .
....... _
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o n f e r s ...................
.
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r s
C o i p m e r c ia l
_ _
. . .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
C o m m e rc ia l.
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S t r f f t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

14
12
63
_
_
_
_
_
95
95
100
92
20
28
9
100
100
100
96
95
96
100
100
100
99
99
100
_
_
-

84
62
73
100
92
90
83
55

86
88
37
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
5
5
8
80
72
91
_
_
4
5
4
_
_
*
*
100
100
100

16
38
27
8
10
17
45

14
12
63

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s — C o n tin u e d
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s — C o n tin u e d
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ________________
T ru c k d riv e ra
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
tim e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

8 h o u rs

40 h o u rs

40 h o u r s

95
99
100
100
100
100
100

5
1
_

16
4

84
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
5
5
_
_
_
9
20

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs
_
... _
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C a r p e n te r s
.............
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C em ent m asons
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
P lu m b e rs
__
^
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o fe rs
. ..
...........
C o m m e r c ia l
S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs
__
_.
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ____________________
C o m m e r c ia l

_
_
95
95
100
100
100
91
80
100
100
100
100
100
100
_
_

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s .
. _
C o m m e r c ia l
__ _
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
84
16
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
62
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
38
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
73
27
E l e c tr ic ia n s 1 h e lp e r s
100
C o m m e r c ia l
..............
92
8
90
10
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e l p e r s _____________
83
17
C o m m e r c ia l
55
45
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )

100
100
100
100
100
100
71
71
22
31
11

95
95
100
92
20
28
9
100
100
100
96
95
96
100
100
100
99
99
100
_
-

8
80
72
91
_
_
4
5
4
_
_
*
*
100
100
100

_
_
_
_

_

1 U n io n w o r k e r s i n a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2 .
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y . *
* L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

8 h o u rs

40 h o u r s

86
88
37
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
5
5

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e f f e c tiv e

_
_

_
_
_

100
100
_
.
_
29
29
78
69
89

95
99
100
100
100
100
100

5
1
_
_
-

16
4

84
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
5
5
_
_
_
9
20

_

_
_
_
_
_
•
_

_
95
95
100
100
100
91
80
100
100
100
100
100
100
_
_

100
100
100
100
100
100
71
71
22
31
11

_
_
_
100
100
.
-

_

29
29
78
69
89

Table 89. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (nonunion)
Chicago, III.
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

8 h o u rs

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tr u c tio n

40 h o u r s

J o u rn e y m e n :
R o o f e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12

100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e lp e r s ( a l l r e s i d e n ti a l,
l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
__
C o n s tr u c tio n l a b o r e r s .
. . .
C o m m e r c ia l
_ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )

60
94
91
98

100
100
100
100

_____
....
.
______ ___

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a t io n i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e
sh o w n f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b l e 3.
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .

Table 90. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): Cleveland, Ohio
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)

157

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d
D ouble
o n e - h a lf
tim e
8 h o u rs

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l ---- . ....
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C a r p e n te r s
C om m er
*1
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C e m e n t m a s o n s ______________ __ __________ __
C o m m e r c ia l
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
E le c tr ic ia n s _ _
C o m m e r c ia l __
P i p e f i t t e r s __
_ __
C o m m e r c ia l
__ _
P lu m b e rs
_ .
C o m m e r c ia l _
- .
R o o f e r s _______________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_
...
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s __
. __
___
C o m m e r c ia l _
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ----- . . .. _
C o m m e r c ia l
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __________________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y . ... .
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e r c ia l _
... _ .... . ____
___

_
_
*
I
_
98
100
87
4
4
_

_
_
94
90
*99
98
100
-

-

100
100
100
99
100

8 h o u rs
100
100
100
99
100
100
100
2
-

13
96
96
100
100
100
100
6
10
2
100
100

-

*

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
T im e a n d
D o u b le
o n e -h a lf
t im e
40 h o u rs

_

*
_
98
100
87
4
4
_

_
_
94
90
99
98
100
-

"

100
100
100
99
100

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

40 h o u r s
100
100
100
99
100
100
100
2
13
96
96
100
100
100
100
6
10
1
2
100
100

-

-

*
”

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c ti v e
T im e a n d
D o u b le
o n e - h a lf
t im e
8 h o u rs

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s — C o n tin u e d
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s — C o n tin u e d
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .. . . __ ____
. ._ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n .
__ __ _ __
T ru c k d riv e rs
_
...
. ...... .
C o m m e r c ia l
_____
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ._ _ _
C a rp e n te rs
C o m m e r c ia l
C e m e n t m a s o n s ______________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte rs
C o m m e r c ia l
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) _____
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s _____________________
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
_
_
C o m m e r c i a l _____________________ ,_________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ..
. . .
. . .
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . _
___ . . .

100
100
100
100
100
100
_

L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




-

_
_
100
100
100

100
100

40 h o u r s

100
100
100
100
100
100
_

I
100
-

100

I

32
6
18
90
65

40 h o u r s

-

_
_
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 U n io n w o r k e r s i n a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. In fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s i n t a b l e 2 .
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e(s) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
*

8 h o u rs

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d
D ou b le
o n e - h a lf
tim e

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

68
94
100
82
10
35

100
32
6
18
90
65

68
94
100
82
10
35




Table 91. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (nonunion):
Cleveland, Ohio
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y
a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 2 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

T i m e an d o n e - h a l f
8 h o u rs

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
T im e and o n e - h a l f
40 h o u r s

J o u rn e y m e n :
C a r n e n t e r s f a l l r e s i d e n t i a l , l e s s th a n 5 stories)
P lu m b e rs
__ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

100
100
100

100
100
100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll re s id e n tia l.
l e s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
_
~
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
____

100
80

100
100

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a t a a r e sh o w n
f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b l e 3 .
2 O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta fo r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

Table 92. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime
(union and nonunion separately): Dallas, Tex.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c tio n e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e
b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c ti v e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
8
h o u rs

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D o u b le
t im e
8
h o u rs

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
40
h o u rs

D o uble
t im e
40
h o u rs

100

U n io n 2

100
_
_
_
_
100
100
-

_
100
100
100
100

-

100

-

100

A p p r e n tic e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c ia l)
____ _____
C a r p e n te r s __ ___
_ _____
___ _____
C o m m e r c ia l .
__
_________ __
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l) ______________
P l u m b e r s (a ll c o m m e r c i a l) _________________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s
. .... _ .............. _




_
100
100
100
100
.
_
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s (a ll c o m m e r c i a l) ______

159

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c ia l)
................
C a r p e n te r s
__
_
_ .
C o m m e r c ia l
_
.
C e m e n t m a s o n s ( a ll c o m m e r c ia l) ___________
E l e c t r i c i a n s (a ll c o m m e r c i a l) — _
_ ____
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l ) __ _
P l u m b e r s (a ll c o m m e r c ia l)
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ____

100
100
100
_
100

100
_
_
_
100
-

_
100
100
100
_
100

100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r i c k l a y e r s 'h e l p e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c ia l)
C o n s tru c tio n l a b o r e r s
......
C o m m e r c ia l

100
100
100

_
_

100
100
100

... .

_
_
100
100

_
100

-

_
100

_
_

-

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

T im e a n d
one-- h a lf
1
3
h o u rs

T im e a n d
one-- h a lf
40
h o u rs
N o n u n io n 3

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs —
___
C a r p e n te r s
___
C o m m e r c ia l
.
..... ...
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) .......
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
... . .. .. . ..
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n
C em ent m asons
. .
. . . .
C o m m e r c ia l ........................... _
.
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -----------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n ______
E le c tr ic ia n s _ _
---C o m m e r c ia l—
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
P lu m b e rs .
—_
C o m m e r c ia l—
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
R o o f e rs ( a ll r e s i d e n t i a l .
l e s s th a n 4 s t o r i e s )
----S h e e t- m e ta lw o rk e r s .
C o m m e r c ia l.
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

See footnotes at end of table.

_

27
56
_

86
27
38
_
_

83
56
38
59
_

16
_

26
-

16
35

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100




Table 92. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime
(union and nonunion separately): Dallas, Tex.— Continued
(Percent of workers in construction establishments with provisions for daily or weekly overtime
by rate of pay and hours after which effective, September 1973)
Daily overtime rate and hours
Weekly overtime rate and hours
after which effective
after which effective
Time and
'time and
one-half
one-half
8
40
hours
hours
Nonunion 3——Continued

Occupation1 and type
*
of construction

Equipment operators:
_ __ ________
Back-hoe operators
Residential (less than 5 stories)
Street and highway
Other heavy construction—
B u lldozer o p e r a to r * --S treet and highway

Other heavy construction
Truckdrivers
Street and highway •
Helpers and laborers:
Carpenters' helpers

_

Construction laborers

C om m ercial
__ _
Residential (less than 5 sto ries)

_

Residential (less than 5 sto ries)

Plumbers' helpers

C o m m ercial---------Residential (less than

-------* sto ries) _ _
5

_

63
24
67
100
81
100
100
48
85

C om m ercial
....
.......
R esiden tial (leaa than 5 sto ries)
S treet and highway
.. . .
.
O ther heavy construction

Street and highway
Other heavy construction________
Electricians' helpers
Commercial

31

---

92
27
43
40
3
82
25
27
76
-

7

_

10

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100.
100

1 Overall occupation may include data for workers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
1
Union workers in a given occupation equal 100. Information is limited to those occupations for which wage data are shown for
union workers in table 2
.
3
Nonunion workers in a given occupation equal 100. Information is limited to those occupations for which wage data are
shown for nonunion workers in table 3
.

Table 93. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime
(union and nonunion separately): Denver, Colo.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e
b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c ti v e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
8
h o u rs

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D o u b le
t im e
8
h o u rs

T im e a nd
o n e -h a lf
40
h o u rs

D ouble
t im e
40
h o u rs

63
73
57
48
91
_
5
12
76
83
_
69
59
100
92
100
85
_
_
_
100
100
100

U n io n 2

161



J o u rn e y m e n :
___
____
B r i c k l a y e r s _ __ _ _________
C o m m e r c ia l_____ ______ __________ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
C a rp e n te rs _
_ __ __ — _________ _ __
C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n _______ _________
C em ent m asons _
__ __________
. _.
C o m m e r c ia l . _ _________
___ _ _____
E l e c t r i c i a n s __ _
_ ____ . . . .
__ _
_ __
C o m m e r c ia l .. _ _ _ _ _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ______ __ ___
C o m m e r c ia l .
_______ __
P i p e f i tt e r s . __
__ ___ ____ _
P lu m b e rs
_
__ __ ____ ___ _ _
_ _
C o m m e r c ia l __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o f e r s ___ _ ________ _ ___ __
C o m m e r c ia l
_
------------- R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------- __
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s _____ __ ___
C o m m e r c ia l . _ ____
____ _
_
___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )__ __

37
27
43
52
9
100
95
88
24
17
100
31
41
8
15
100
100
100
_
"

63
73
57
48
91
_
5
12
76
83
_
69
59
100
92
100
85
_
100
100
100

37
27
43
52
9
100
95
88
24
17
100
31
41
8
15
100
100
100
_

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ____________________ __ _
C o m m e r c ia l---- ------- __ ___ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n _______ _
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _____ __ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n — ________ ____
T r u c k d r i v e r s _________________________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __ -----------------------------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n ---- -------------- ----

100
97
100
100
100
99
100
100

3
1
-

100
97
100
100
100
99
100
100

3
_
-

40
38
45
32
15
57
100
100
8
3

60
62
55
68
85
43
_

40
38
45
32
15
57
100
100
8
3

60
62
55
68
85
43
-

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ______________—__________ _____ __
C o m m e rc ia l_ __ _____________ ___ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — -------C a r p e n te r s __ _ _ --------- __ --------------------C o m m e r c ia l _______ ___________________ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )__ ____
C e m e n t m a s o n s ___ _ ________ _ ___________
C o m m e r ci a l___ _____________ __ __________
_
E l e c t r i c i a n s _____ ______________ _______ _
C o m m e r c ia l— _____ — — — ------------ —
P i p e f i t t e r s . ------- -------- -------- -------------------P lu m b e rs
----------------------- ---------------—
C o m m e r c i al — —
— ________
, ,
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — _____
R o o f e r s ________________________________ _____ _
C o m m e r c ia l_________________ _____________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ___________ __
------C o m m e r c ia l.____ _______ — — - ___ —
S t r u c t u r a l ir o n w o r k e r s _______ _____ ____
C o m m e r c ia l— _____ _______ ____________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

-

29
_

36
100
100
_
-

-

91
96
100
71
100
64
-

100
100
100
100

-

-

29
-

36
100
100
-

-

1
_

-

92
97
100
71
100
64
-

100
100
100
100

Table 93. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime
(union and nonunion separately): Denver, Colo.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e
b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a ti o n 1 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

T im e an d
o n e -h a lf
8
h o u rs

W e ek ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D o u b le
t im e
8
h o u rs

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
40
h o u rs

D o u b le
t im e
40
h o u rs

U n io n 2— C o n tin u e d
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c ia l ______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ________________ ____
C o m m e r c ia l - ____________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _______________________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n ________________
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e l p e r s — __________
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ________________________

_

100
100
100
99
99
90
100
100
50
30

100
100
100
99
99
90
100
100
50
30

_
_

1
1
10
-

50
70

_
_

1
10
_
_

50
70




W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf
8
h o u rs

162

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

T im e and
o n e -h a lf
40
h o u rs
N o n u n io n 3

J o u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s __________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C e m e n t m a s o n s _____________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ,
E l e c t r i c i a n s _________________________
P l u m b e r s ___________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o f e r s ______________________________
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s _________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
T r u c k d r i v e r s _______________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e rs :
B r i c k l a y e r s ’ h e lp e r s ( a ll r e s i d e n ti a l,
l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________________
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s (a ll r e s i d e n t i a l ,
l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _________________
C o m m e rc ia L ._______________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s (all r e s i d e n ti a l,
l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________________

33
33
14
20

2
21

100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100

100

34

100
100

16
47

100

81

100

28
67
63
68
58

100
100
100

100

100

100
100

1 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta fo r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
2 U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n
f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b le 2.
3 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n
f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b l e 3.

Table 9 4 . Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): Detroit, Mich.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s t r u c t i o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m iu m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c ti v e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

8

h o u rs

T im e and
o n e -h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

7 h o u rs

8

h o u rs

40 h o u rs

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

D o u b le
t im e
35 h o u r s

40 h o u rs

Jo u rn e y m e n :

163

r .n m m » r r i a l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) —
ra rp o n tu ra . . . . . . . .
. . ..
............... ...
rn m m a rp ia l _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) —
O th « r h M v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C e m e n t m a s o n s ________________________
f!nm nrw »rrial _
_ ...
_ .
Sfcroot a n d h ig h w a y _
_ ....... _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E le c tr ic ia n s _
_ .
_
... .
O o m tn e r c i a l
" P ip e f itte rs
. . ...
_
C o m m e r c ia l • ....................................
P liim h e rs
_
.....
_
C o m m e r c ia l
..............
. ... ....
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __
R o o fe rs .
... _
.
... .....
C o m m e r c ia l
55heet-m e+ al w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l . . ........... _
.
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) —
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
( a ll c o m m e r c i a l ) .
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ___________________
C o m m e r c ia l
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _ ......
_
_
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________
" R n lld o se r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ---------------

_

_

_

100
100
100
100

100
100
100

-

_

_

_

78

_
_

_

100
100

100

_

_
3

_

1

7
90
90

_
_

_

■

”

-

-

77

23

_
100
100
100
100

23

100
100
22

_
100
100

78

_

_
_

97
99
93

3

10
10
100
100
100

8
8

100
100

_
•

-

89
63
100
100

16
47

_
_
100
100

_

_

1

_

7

_

_

_

■

“

38
:

_

84
53

-

_

100
22

_
100
100

97
99
93
92
92
100
100
10 0 '

100
100

11

38
:

h o u rs

7 h o u rs

8

98
92

2
8

100
100

-

-

*
~
~
~
57

99

40 h o u rs

Doc Lble
t ii Tift
35 h o u r s

98
92

40 h o u r s

2
8

100
100

-

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________
C a r p e n t e r s -----------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ______________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) —
C e m e n t m a s o n s ---------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________
P i p e f i t t e r s ___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________
P l u m b e r s --------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ______________________
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) —
R o o f e r s _______________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s _________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s _____________
C o m m e rc ia l.
. . . . . . .

■

100

98
100
100

■

27
94
94

100
100
1

-

~
“
-

-

~
2

43
~

_

~

57
“
*

100
100

99
100

98
■
100
100

■

100
100
1

~
2

43
100
100

5

-

95

27

6
6
100
100
100
100

1
1

“
“
-

100

73

95

5

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _______________
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) —
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _______________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ________

41
9
*

-

100
100

1
2

U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d t o t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2 .
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

*

L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

h o u rs

100

73
99
99
100

_

iOO

‘

'

100
100

41
9

-

2
100
100

-

16
47

-

89
63

8

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a to r a— C o n tin u e d
T r u c k d r i v e r s _________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
. . ..
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _______________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n .. .

D ot ib le
tii m e

T im e a nd
o n e -h a lf

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

-

100

100
100
11

100
100
100

77

100

84
53

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

59
91
98

59
91
98

Table 95. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (nonunion):
Detroit, Mich.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e by r a t e o f p a y
an d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 2 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

T im e and o n e - h a l f

8

164



Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s ( a l l r e s i d e n ti a l,
l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
E le c tr ic ia n s
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s 3
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

_ ..............

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s . ..............
..............
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

h o u rs

40 h o u r s

18
70

100
100

100
100

100

40
22

63

100
100

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 10 0 .
I n f o r m a tio n i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a t a a r e sh o w n
f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 3 .
2 O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 D o u b le t im e e ff e c tiv e a f t e r 40 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 37 p e r c e n t o f t h e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s .

Table 96. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union and
nonunion separately): Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.
( [ P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e
b y r a t e of p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f
8

h o u rs

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le t i m e
8

h o u rs

40 h o u r s

D o u b le tim e
36 h o u r s

40 h o u r s

U nio n 2

165



J o u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs — — — - __ __ —
C o m m e r c i a l .. — __ _. . .
. . _.
__
C a r p e n t e r s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l .. _. _ ____ — __ _ — —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n ___ __ __
O th p r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
---------C e m e n t m a s o n s ___ ____
__ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) __ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c tio n __ __ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n .. _
__ __ _.
E l e c t r i c i a n s - __ __ — ------- — „ — — —
C o m m e r c ia l - - __ — - ------- — — — —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) _________
E l e v a t o r c o n s tr u c to r s ( a l l c o m m e r c ia l) ____
P i p e f i t t e r s ___________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l — __ „ __ - — — — — —
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ________________
P lu m b e r s 4 ___________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l ______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ _ __
R o o fe rs
_ __ __ — — — — ------ __ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l .
_ __ „ „ __
__ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s to r i e s ) — — —
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c ia l ______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s to r i e s ) _________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s __ „ „ _. __ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l — __ — _ — — . __ „ —
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ___ ____ „ „
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __ __ „ „ — __ __ „
C o m m e r c i a l .. __ __ „ — — — __ __ —
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c tio n — __ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n . __
__ ._
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r 3 __ __ __ ------- __ _ __
C o m m e r c ia l — „ ____ — — — „ — —
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c tio n „ ____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ________________
T ru c k d riv e rs
_ __ — — „ — . — „ „
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c tio n __ __ .
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s — __ _
_ - C o m m e r c ia l ______________________________
C a r p e n t e r s __________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l — — - _ — - „
_ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s to r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n ._________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ________________
C e m e n t m a s o n s , o th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ..
E le c tr ic ia n s _ „
_ _ —
__ __ __ _.
C o m m e r c ia l — — _ — — — — - „ „
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s to r i e s ) __ „ __

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .

-

100
100

100
100
100

-

100
100
100
100
100

_
-

100
100
100
100
100

9
7

100
100
100
100

9
7

12

88
100
100
100

67
91
36
-

_

98
97

91
93

33
9
64
100
100
100
100
100
100

12

67
91
36
-

_
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

86

5
13

93
75
91
93
86

_
_
_
_
_
-

-

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

"

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

-

-

-

100

-

100

_
-

100
100
100

.
-

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

-

-

100
100
100
100

6

14
33
9
64
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

"
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
-

100
100
100




Table 96. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union and
nonunion separately): Los Angeles—Long Beach.Calif.— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e
b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
O c c u p a ti o n 1 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

D o u b le tim e

T im e a n d o n e - h a lf
8

h o u rs

8

h o u rs

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf
40 h o u r s

D o u b le tim e
36 h o u r s

40 h o u r s

U n io n 2— C o n tin u e d
A p p r e n ti c e s— C o n tin u e d
P ip e fitte rs
. — _ — — _ ------- — — —
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ________________
P lu m b e rs - _
- ......................................................
C o m m e r c i a l — __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ................
R o o f e r s , c o m p o s i t i o n . __
_ __ .
C o m m e r c ia l— —
— — — — _ — —
S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs , c o m m e rc ia l
_
__
H e lp e rs a n d la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c ia l.
......................................................
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s . __ . . .
_ . . .
_
C o m m e r c ia l—
...................
. . . .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) . . . .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c ti o n _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ________________
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e lp e r s
( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) . . __ _ . . „
_ _ . ..

20

11

89

11

69

-

100

-

100

-

20

80

20

44

36

-

100
100
100

-

99

100
100
100
1

99

100

-

100

-

100

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

"

100

-

-

-

-

-

100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

100

1

-

-

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

T im e a n d o n e - h a lf

8

40 h o u r s

h o u rs
N o n u n io n 34

J o u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s ( a l l r e s i d e n ti a l.
l e s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) .
. . . .
E le c tr ic ia n s .
. . .
.
.. .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
P lu m b e rs .
. . . .
. . . . . . .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . . . .

100
100
100

80
78

100
100
100
100
100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ( a l l r e s i d e n ti a l,
l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________________________
E le c tr ic ia n s .
- .
. . . . . . . . . . .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) . . . .
P l u m b e r s ( a l l r e s i d e n ti a l,
l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________________________

100
100
100

100
100
100

65

100

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s . .
— .. ~
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ( a l l r e s i d e n ti a l,
l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . . . . .

.. .. .

100

100

78

100

1 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s i n ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
I n fo r m a t io n i s l i m i t e d t o t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n
f o r u n io n w o r k e r s i n ta b l e 2 .
5
N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n i s l im it e d t o t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e s h o w n
f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b le 3.
4 D o u b le t i m e a f t e r 35 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t s h o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d t o 3 p e r c e n t o f t h e u n io n p l u m b e r s .

Table 97. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union and nonunion separately): Miami, Fla.
(P e rc e n t o f w orkers in construction establishments with premium pay provisions fo r daily or w eekly o vertim e by rate o f pay and hours after which effective, September 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a ti o n 1 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D o u b le
tim e

D o u b le
tim e

8h o u rs

40 h o u r s

o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

40 h o u r s

U n io n 2
Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
............ .......... ..............
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
C a rp e n te rs 4
C o m m e r c ia l . . . . . .
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ...............
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ,,
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n ,
C em ent m aso n s 4
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ _
E l e c t r i c i a n s 5 ...........................................
C o m m e r c i a l ...................... .
P ip e fitte rs

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
94
98

100
100
100
_

100
-

C o m m e r c ia l ..................
R o o fe rs
............
C o m m e r c ia l

167



.... . .. .. .

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r - a to r s 7
C o m m e r c ia l
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s 4 7 ......................
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to rie s )
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ..........
A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an 5 s to rie s )
E le c tr ic ia n s 5
................
C o m m e r c ia l ..
. _
P lu m b e rs 6
C o m m e r c ia l .............
R o o fe rs
....................... .
C o m m e r c i a l ........................
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c ia l) 6
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 4 ._
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ......
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s to r i e s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
.
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c ia l) 8 __

100
100
21
2
9
2

N o n u n io n 3

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
94
98

100
100
100
_

100
-

100
100
21
2
9
2

48

48

100
100
100
100
-

100
100
100
100
_

_
_

_

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e
and h o u rs a fte r
w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e and
o n e -h a lf

_
_
_

100
100

R r ic k l a y e r s

R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C a r p e n t e r s 8 ........................................
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ie h w a v
C em ent m asons
S t r e e t and h ie h w a v
E le c tr ic ia n s (a ll r e s id e n tia l, le s s
th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
P l u m b e r s 9 ..........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o fe rs
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s ;
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
S t r e e t and h ie h w a v
T ru c k d riv e rs
S t r e e t and h ie h w a v

100
100
100
100

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a v e r s ' h e lp e r s
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s 8
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t and h ie h w a v
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 8 9
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t an d h ie h w a v
O t h e r h e a v v c o n s tr u c ti o n
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e lp e r s ( a l l r e s i d e n t i a l .
l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s 10
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

100
100
100
100
99
88
100
99
100
100
100
100

100
100

-

Jo u rn e y m e n :

-

98

98

100
100
100

100
100
100

50

50

O vera ll occupation m ay include data fo r workers in type(s) o f construction not shown separately.
Union w orkers in a given occupation equal 100. Information is lim ited to those occupations fo r which wage data are shown fo r union w orkers in table 2.
Nonunion w ork ers in a given occupation equal 100. Inform ation is lim ited to those occupations fo r which wage data are shown fo r nonunion w orkers in table 3.
T im e and one-h alf after 40 hours weekly, not shown separately, applied to less than 0.5 percent of the union carpenters and 2 percent of the union cement masons.
t o f the union la b o rers.
i electricians and their apprentices and h elpers.
. . . .
union plumbers and their apprentices, and all of the union
sheet-m etal w o rk e rs ' apprentices.
Other rates o f pay effective after 8 hours daily or 40 hours w eekly, not shown separately, applied to 79 percent o f the union back-hoe operators and 63 percent of the
union bu lldozer operators.
Tim e and one-h alf effective after 8 hours, not shown separately, applied to 9 percent of the carpenters, 24 p ercen t of their helpers, and 1 percent of the construction
la b o rers in nonunion situations.
Double tim e after 8 hours daily, not shown separately, applied to 11 percent of the nonunion plumbers and 2 percent o f their helpers. Double time after 8 hours daily
o r 40 hours w eekly applied to 1 percent of the nonunion construction la b o rers.

7
8
9

Table 98. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y f o r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c ti v e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r tim e r a t e a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

8

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s __ ____ — —
— — —
C o m m e r c ia l
__ ___ _
______
C a r p e n t e r s __
__
__ ___ _______ . —
C o m m e r c i a l --- ----------- ---------- -------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------C e m e n t m a s o n s . . _ _______ _ ______________
C o m m e r c i a l . . ___
. __ --------------O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n __ ______________
____ _______________________
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r c i a l _____________ ________ _____
P i p e f i t t e r s . _ ____ ____ __________________
C o m m e r c ia l
___ ____ ________________
P lu m b e rs
_ ____________________________
C o m m e r c ia l __ _______ _______________ —
R o o fe rs.
_
____ ._ __
. -----------------C o m m e r c i a l ___ ___________
___________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s _________ __ _
______
C o m m e r c ia l. _
______________ _____ ._

168



h o u rs

-

100
100

1

94
96

3
-

100

57
100
100
100

8

92

_
.
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

*
90
85

50
73
59
18

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s . _ _____
_
_ ---C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y . __ ______ _. _ ___
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _ ___ _
_ ____ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .. . . .
_
_ __
T r u c k d r i v e r s __
___ _ _ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y . __
__ _ ___ ___
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . ____ ____ ___

100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s „ _____ _. ___ - _____________
C o m m e r c i a l . _ __
___
_ ____
____
E le c tr ic ia n s _
___ ___ ____ _
-----------C o m m e r c i a l - ___ _ ____ __ ____________
P ip e fitte rs
.
--------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ___ _______________ _________
P l u m b e r s ______ ___________ ______ __________
C o m m e r c i a l ______ _____________ ._ ____
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s _______ _____ ________
C o m m e r c ia l..
__ _______________________

19
-

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s 3 _______________________
C o m m e r c i a l . _ ____ _ __________________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 3 __
______________
C o m m e r c i a l ---- --------------- ---------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ____
____ __
___ __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . __ ------ _ ----

56
9
29
99
93

1
2
3

7 h o u rs

20

8

h o u rs

40 h o u rs

D o u b le t im e
35 h o u r s

100
100

5

-

1

3
-

100
100
100

8

92

"

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

*
90
85

50
73
59
18

43
50
27
41
81
80

"

10

98

2

100

-

81

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

D o u b le tim e

T im e a n d o n e - h a lf

15
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

-

-

1

100

19
56
9
29
99
93

94
96
100

57

20

40 h o u r s

"
5
43
“
50
27
41
81
80

■

10

98

2

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

“

-

“
-

81

15
“

U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n fo r m a tio n i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b le 2 .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T im e a n d o n e - h a l f e ff e c ti v e a f t e r 7 h o u r s d a il y o r 35 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to a l l o f th e b r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s a n d 4 4 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .

* L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

Table 99. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (nonunion):
Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a v
an d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
K
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 2 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f

T im e and o n e - h a l f

8

169



h o u rs

Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s ( a ll r e s i d e n t i a l , l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
E le c tr ic ia n s _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
P lu m b e rs 3 _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
R o o fe rs

100

H e l p e r s an d l a b o r e r s :
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e lp e r s ( a ll r e s i d e n ti a l,
l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
C o n s tr u c tio n l a b o r e r s
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e lp e r s

22
16
100

16
100
100

32
47

_

40 h o u r s

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

1 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv en o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
I n f o r m a tio n is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n
f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b le 3 .
* O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
" O th e r " r a t e s o f p a y e ffe c tiv e a f t e r 8 h o u r s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 13 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s .

Table 100. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): Newark, N.J.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e by r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c ti v e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u r s s if te r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d
h o u rs a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

8

170



Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
. . . . . .
_ C o m m e r c ia l..
. . .
C a r p e n t e r s . _ __
_
_ .
______
C o m m e rc ia l
_ _______
.
C e m e n t m a s o n s ______________________________
C o m m e r c ia l.. . . .
. . .
E l e c t r i c i a n s - __
_ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l.
______
_ _
P ip e fitte rs
_ __
- ______
C o m m e r c ia l.. _
_ _____
_ _ —
P lu m b e rs _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l..
_
_____ .
_
R o o fe rs
_ —
__ __ —
__ —
C o m m e r c i a l . . __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __
S h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r s _
_
C o m m e r c ia l.
_ _ _ _ _
__
__ —
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s __ _ __
__ __
C o m m e r c ia l. _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e r a t o r s 3
- _ __
C o m m e r c i a l . _ __
_____
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .. _
— O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
__ _
_
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s __ __ _ _
T ru c k d riv e rs
_
______
A p p r e n ti c e s :
E le c tr ic ia n s .
C o m m e r c ia l.
P ip e fitte rs
_ _
C o m m e r c ia l
__
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s
C o m m e rc ia l
_

- —
-

—

__ __
- _ —

_
_____
_ _ _ _ _
. . .
_ _ ____
___
_
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
. . .

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 3
_
C o m m e r c ia l.
_ _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

.
__
__

.

__

.

__ _
. . .

h o u rs

7 h o u r8

13
13
3
3
_
-

99
99
87

8

h o u rs

65
29
31

*
*
13
13
13
87
87
97
97
84
84
34
35
71
69

100

*

27
50
65
64
-

-

91
91

100
100
100
100

31
5

41
57
-

24
33
-

70
50
35
94
36

100
100

100

87
87
-

16
16
100
100
66

D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e - h a lf

D o u b le
t im e

T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

9
9

40 h o u r s

35 h o u r s

-

99
99

-

98
87
87
16
16

13
13
3
3
-

86

40 h o u r s

*
*
14
2

13 .
13
87
87
97
97
84
84
34
35
71
69

“

100
100
66

70
50
35
94
36

“

27
50
65
64

-

91
91

100
100
100
100

31
5

41
57
-

24
33
-

100

100
100

65
29
31

9
9

U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b l e 2 .
O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
T i m , a n d o n e - h a l f e f f e c ti v e a f t e r 7 h o u r s d a ily o r 35 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to 3 p e r c e n t o f th e b a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s a n d 4 p e r c e n t of th e c o n s tr u c ti o n
la b o r e rs .*
1
2
3

*

L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

_Pr6iflium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (nonunion):
Newark, N.J.
( F e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s * in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e of p a v
and h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
y
p y

O c c u p a tio n 2 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e and o n e - h a l f
8 h o u rs

171



W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e and
h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e and o n e - h a l f
40 h o u r s

Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r n e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
C e m e n t m a s o n s (a ll c o m m e rc ia l)
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r c ia l
P lu m b e rs
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
R o o fe rs
C o m m e r c ia l
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( c o m m e r c ia l)

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s ;
B a ck -h o e o p e ra to rs
T ru ck d r iv e r s _

100
100

100
100

H e l p e r s and l a b o r e r s ;
C o n s tr u c tio n l a b o r e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
P l u m b e r s ' h e lp e r s ( a ll r e s i d e n ti a l, l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ___

100
100
100

100
100
100

f o r n o U n ° or w o r k e ? s k i n S
tablea 3 ^

° CCUpation e q u a l 100‘

fo rm a tio n

100
100
100
100
100
100

is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n

O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

Table 102. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): New York, N.Y
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith p r e m iu m p a y p r o v is i o n s fo r d a ily o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c ti v e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a ti o n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f
7 h o u rs

172

J o u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
.....
C o m m e r c ia l .....
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
___
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .... ...............
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ......... ................ ........
C em ent m asons.
C o m m e r c ia l. _
...................
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
E l e c t r i c i a n s 3 ......... .........................................................
___
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ...................
P i p e f i t t e r s __________ _____ ___________________
C o m m e r c ia l
__
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
P l u m b e r s ______________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _________ _____________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o f e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s _________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _____ ____ ____________________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s . _________ ___________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________ ____ ____
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s __________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -----------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s --------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ___________________________________
' C o m m e r c i a l -----------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
C a r p e n t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
C e m e n t m a s o n s _______________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s 3 _________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ____ ____
P i p e f i t t e r s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
P l u m b e r s ______________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R o o f e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l ) ____________________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s _________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e ,




_
_
_
_
6

9
2

7
12
21

8

h o u rs

_
*
*
_
5
1

_
27
36
40
21

17
56
77
50
95

7 h o u rs

100
100
100

94
99
99
95
100

23
99
100
86
8
10

4
99
99
100

99
99
100
100
100
100
100

3
3
19
11
11
20
20
12

100

15
23
50
5

_
5
8

-

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a nd h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D o u b le tim e

44
-

-

100
100
100

1

96
98
97

-

100
100
6

7
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

T im e and o n e - h a l f
8

h o u rs

_
6

*
1

77
*
_
14
_
*
*
*

*
_
97
97
52
82
53
40
46
67
68

3
2

3
*

D o u b le t im e

35 h o u r s

40 h o u r s

35 h o u r s

40 h o u r s

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
*

100
100
100

_

6

9
_
2

7
12
21

15
23
50
5
5

-

8

*
”

"

*
-

5
1

_
_
-

27
36
40
21

17
56
77
50
95

94
99
99
95
100

23
99
100
86
8
10

4
99
99
100

99
99
100
100
100
100
100

3
3
19
11
11
20
20
12

6

a
1

77
a
_
14
*
*
_
a
*
97
97
52
82
53
40
46
67
68

100

44
-

-

100
100
100

1

96
98
97

3

-

100
100
6

7
4
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

2

3
_
_
*
*
-

“

Table 102. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): New York. N.Y.__Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r . ■ i„ c o n d u c t i o n e .t a M i . h b n e u t . w ith p r e m i a p a y p r o v U . o n , f o r d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c ti v e . S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 3 ,
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e an d o n e - h a l f
7 h o u rs

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ..
C o m m e r c ia l.
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ..
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ______________
C o m m e r c i a l ..
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ..
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ______________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ...............

8

h o u rs

85
80

85
80
100
44
57
78
4
29

60
39
22

83
99

1

T im e a nd o n e - h a l f

D o u b le tim e

7 h o u rs

15
20

100

37
57
78
4

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D o u b le t im e

15
20

52
39
22

83
71

O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n n f a y i n c l u d e ^ a t a fo r™ w o rk e rs ^ t y p e t s T ^ f ^ o n T t’r a t i o n ‘n o t ^ h o w ^
Wage ***** ^
Sh° Wn f° r Uni° n w o r k e r s in t a b l e 2 T .m e a n d o n e - h a l f , e ff e c ti v e a f t e r 5 h o u r s d a ily o r 25 h o u rs w e e k ly , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 86 p e r c e n t o f th e e l e c t r i c . a n s a n d to 89 p e r c e n t o f t h e i r a p p r e n t i c e s .
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

173



Table 103. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (nonunion)New York. N.Y.
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a ily o r
w e e k ly o v e r t i m e b y r a t e o f p a y a nd h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)

O c c u p a tio n 2 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e a n d h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
T im e a n d
o n e -h a lf

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a nd h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
T im e a nd
o n e -h a lf

h o u rs

40 h o u r s

8

Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s 3 _________ _____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C e m e n t m a s o n s ____________
P l u m b e r s ......... .............................
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____
R o o f e r s ____________________
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s tr u c tio n l a b o r e r s 4 ___
C o m m e r c ia l .........................
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s ) ____
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s 4 ...
C o m m e r c i a l ___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )

fo r n o n u ^ io ^ w o rk T rs ^ i^ ta b le f
J

S Vev f n . OCCUpat, l ° n

' ” ° CCUpati° n a<1Ual 10° -

78
72

78
72

100

100
100
100
100

65
42
100

69

96
85

60
66

100

49

100

91
75

to£° r m a t i ° " *• » ™ t e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e show n

,in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in t y p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y
4
h° “ ra ^
° r 4 ° ‘I ° u r s
“ <* sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 22 p e r c e n t o f t h e c a r p e n t e r s .
T im e a n d o n e - h a lf , e ff e c tiv e a f t e r 7 h o u r s d a ily o r 35 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 4 p e ____ * ~rf 41 e
^ — r c e n t o th
. -c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s a n d 9 p e r c e n t o f th e p l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s .
m a y

Table 104. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union and
nonunion separately): Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.
(P ercen t of w orkers in construction establishments with premium pay provisions fo r daily or w eekly overtim e
b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e , S e p te m b e r 1973)
W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e and h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a tio n 1 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

T im e and o n e - h a l f
8

h o u rs

D o u b le tim e
8

T im e and o n e - h a l f
40 h o u r s

h o u rs

D o u b le tim e
40 h o u r s

U n io n 2

174



Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs 4
___
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
___
_
_ .....
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _
S t r e e t and h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
.......
C e m e n t m a s o n s _____________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
S t r e e t and h ig h w a y
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c ia l)
E l e v a t o r c o n s tr u c to r s ..
........ .
P i p e f i t t e r s ....
C o m m e r c ia l
____
_____
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R o o fe rs
........... .
C o m m e r c ia l
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
C o m m e r c i a l ___ _____
__
______
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s ;
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s _________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
_
...........
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n __
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _
C o m m e r c i a l ______________________________
S t r e e t and h ig h w a y _______________________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
T ru c k d riv e rs S _
...........
...... _
C o m m e r c ia l .......
. _ ..
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _______________________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r ic k la y e rs (a ll c o m m e rc ia l) 4
C a r p e n te r s
......
C o m m e r c ia l .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C em ent m aso n s
C o m m e r c ia l
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) ______________
P ip e fitte rs
C o m m e r c i a l .....
P l u m b e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c ia l)
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c i a l _____
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r ic k la y e r s ' h e lp e r s 4
___
C o m m e r c ia l
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
....... ..
C o m m e r c i a l __ ______________
___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
_ __
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e lp e r s

S e e f o o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,

7
6

3
51
22
8

87
48
3
2

33
1

81
82
70
85
90
69
49
100

77
91
13
100

52
97
98

2

30
10
10

3

51
23
9
87
48
3
2

81
82
70
90
90
97
49
100

77
91
13
100

52
97
98

100

33
-

100

99

1

99

100
100

52

100
100

67

-

100
100
100

-

100
100
100

64

36
79
33

64
21
100
100

36
79
33

21
100
100

67
39
99
82
50
73
38
25
1

73
43
5
44

14

61
1

18
8

19
-

67
39
99
82
92
81
100
100

83
92

-

100

7
73
43
5
-

73
27
57
100

95
100
100
100
100

94
93
52
80

6

-

61
1

18
8

19
83
94
93
100

27
57
100

95
100
100
100
100

94

44

93
56

14

86

44

46

44

56

99
77
40

*
21
60

99
79
40

1
21
60

Table 104. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union and
nonunion separately): Philadelphia. P a .-N .J .— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c tio n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith p r e m i u m p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r d a il y o r w e e k ly o v e r t i m e
b y r a t e o f p a y a n d h o u r s a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c ti v e , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a ti o n 1 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

T im e an d o n e - h a l f
8

h o u rs

D o u b le tim e
8

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e r a t e a nd h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e f f e c tiv e
T im e and o n e - h a l f

h o u rs

40 h o u r s

D o u b le t im e
40 h o u r s

N o n u n io n 3

175



J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ..........
C a rp e n te rs
C o m m e r c ia l
,
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C em ent m asons _
_
C o m m e r c ia l
E l e c t r i c i a n s .. , , ...
C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte rs
C o m m e r c ia l _
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
R o o fe rs
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
T ru c k d riv e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c ia l)
P lu m b e rs
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a v e r s ' h e l p e r s ........ .
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e lp e r s .. .
C o m m e r c ia l .........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ._
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
O th e r h e a v v c o n s tr u c tio n
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e lp e r s
P l u m b e r s ' h e lp e r s
.
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )

45
44
58
46
49
64
79
82
89
100

83
100

78
39
66
100

_

100

1

99

_

98

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_

14
84
76
19
100

84
81
23
68

95
59
29
63
25
20

95
94
89

1

100

2

_

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

2

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

1
-

-

100

_

16

84
76

24

24
39
_
_

_
_

4

_

11
_
-

61
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

90
80
89
100
100
100
100

16

39

_
_

_
_
_

10
20
11

_
_

* O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 U n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
I n f o r m a tio n is lim it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a t a a r e sh o w n
f o r u n io n w o r k e r s in ta b le 2 .
3 N o n u n io n w o r k e r s in a g iv en o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. I n f o r m a tio n i s lim it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a t a a r e sh o w n
f o r n o n u n io n w o r k e r s in t a b le 3 .
4 D o u b le t im e a f t e r 7 h o u r s d a il y o r 35 h o u r s w e e k ly , n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y , a p p lie d to 16 p e r c e n t o f th e u n io n b r i c k l a y e r s ,
17 p e r c e n t o f t h e i r a p p r e n t ic e s , and 6 p e r c e n t o f t h e i r h e l p e r s .
*
T im e and o n e - h a l f a f t e r 9 h o u r s d a il y , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y a p p lie d to 42 p e r c e n t of th e u n io n t r u c k d r i v e r s .
* L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

Table 105. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.
(P ercen t of w o rkers 1 in construction establishm ents w ith prem ium pay provisions for d aily o r w eekly ove rtim e by rate of pay and hours a fte r which effective, September 1973)
W eekly o vertim e rate and hours
after which effective

Daily overtim e rate and hours
after which effective
Occupation 2 and type
o f construction

8

Journeymen:
B ric k la y e rs ________________________________
C o m m e rc ia l____________________________
C o m m e rc ia l____________________________
Resid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------S treet and highway construction--------------O ther heavy construction-------------------------Cement masons-----------------------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l-----------------------------------------------R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)-------------S treet and highway construction--------------O ther heavy construction-------------------------E le c tr ic ia n s _______________________________
C o m m e rc ia l__—----------------------------------------Resid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------P ip e fitte r s ------------------------------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l-----------------------------------------------O ther heavy construction--------------------------

176

C o m m e rc ia l-----------------------------------------------Resid ential (5 stories or m o re)---------------R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------R o o fe rs -----------------------------------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l-----------------------------------------------R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs --------------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l____________________________
R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------S tru ctu ral iro n w o rk e rs ---------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l-----------------------------------------------Equipment operators:
Back-hoe o p e ra to rs ---------------------- .----------------C o m m e rc ia l----------------------------------------------R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------Street and highway con struction--------------O ther heavy con struction-------------------------B ulldozer o pe ra tors---------------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l-----------------------------------------------Street and highway construction--------------O ther heavy construction-------------------------T ru c k d riv e rs --------------------------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l-----------------------------------------------S treet and highway con struction--------------O ther heavy construction-------------------------A pprentices:
B ric k la y e rs -----------------------------------------------------Carpente rs------------------------------------------------------C o m m e rc ia l------------------------------------------ -—
Resid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------O ther heavy con struction-------------------------E le c tr ic ia n s ------------- ------ --------------------------------Comme rc i a l __— — ------ ----------------------------Resid ential (less than 5 s to rie s )--------------P ip e fitte rs ------------------------------------------------------P lum bers------------- -------------------------------------------R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------R o o fe rs ------— ------- ------- ------------------------------- —
C o m m ercial —— ................ .................. ....... ......
R esid ential (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------See footnotes at end of table.




hours

7 hours

_

100
100

100
100
100
100
100

_
-

Double tim e

T im e and one-half

Double tim e

T im e and one-half

8

hours

-

36 hours

-

77
78
84
85
57

40 hours

-

51
56
34
83
80

_
_

45
47
32
54
47

46
53

.

100

61

-

39
40
37
40

60
63
60

-

100
100
100

-

-

-

100

25

75

46
67
17

54

_

100

-

-

-

100

-

100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

55
53
68

33

83

19

_
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

_
_

_
_
_
_

100
100
100

.
_
_
_
_

“

100
100
100
100

-

-

-

■

“

100
100
100
100

49
44

45
47
32
54
47

55
53

3
-

15
43

68

46
53

100

-

39
40
37
40

61

60
63
60

-

-

46
67
17

51

-

~

33

72

_

-

-

'

100
100

.

100

84
97
62

44
49
25
24
50
9

56
51
75
39
76
50
91

-

-

10

90

. -

-

100

14

66

17
20

11
100
100

*

100
100

-

“

-

22
16

-

-

66

-

23

_

-

■

-

40 hours

-

■

81

100
-

61

100
100

36 hours

.

100
.
_
_
_

-

35 hours

-

-

44
49
25
61

24
50
9
-

86

'

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

_

_

16

-

34
3
38
56
51
75
39
76
50
91
-

Table 105. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime (union): San Francisco-Oakland, Calif.— Continued
( P * rC* ° t ° f

W° r k e r 8

‘ "

COnatrUCti° n eBtabli8hmentS " ith

» r P rovis ion , fo r dally o r w eekly o vertim e by rate o f pay and hours after which effective. September 1973)
Daily overtim e rate and hours
c
ifter which effective

Occupation 2 and type
of construction

Tim e and one-half
8 hours

177

A p p re n tic e s — Continued
S h e e t rm e ta l w orkers

Doubl e tim e
7 hours

38
66

C o m m ercial
R esid ential (less than 5 storie s)_________

W eekly o ve rtim e rate and hours
afte r which effective
T im e and one-half
8 hours

62
34
100

36 hours

O v e ra ll occupation m a y T k c lu d 7 d , £
NO TE:

100
100
100
100
100

S

Dashes indicate no data reported.




“
“

35 hours

1
3
"

38
66

:
99
97
100
100
100

H e lp e rs and lab o rers:
Construction lab o rers
C o m m ercial
R esid ential (less than 5 stories)
S treet and hiahwav construction
O ther heavy construction

Double tim e

40 hours

“ * sh° ™

*> '

_
-

36 hours

40 hours

62
34
100
_

_

_
_

"

—

<- ‘ able 2.

Table 106. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime
(union and nonunion separately): Seattle—Everett, Wash.
(P ercen t of w orkers in construction establishments with premium pay provisions fo r daily or w eekly overtim e
by rate of pay and hours after which effective, September 1973)
D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e

D a ily o v e r t i m e r a t e and h o u r s
a f t e r w h ic h e ff e c tiv e
O c c u p a ti o n 1 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

T im e and o n e - h a lf
8 h o u rs

D o u b le tim e

T im e and o n e - h a l f
40 h o u r s

8 h o u rs

D o u b le tim e
40 h o u r s

U n io n 2
J o u rn e y m e n :

R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________

44
-

100
99
100
89
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
56
100
100
100

44
“

100
99
100
89
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
56
100
100
100

26
_
3
_
7
58
32
100

74
100
97
100
93
42
68
-

26
3
7
58
32
100

74
100
97
100
93
42
68
-

100
100
100
100
100

”

100
100
100
100
100

60
95
10
32

40
5
90
68

60
95
10
32

52
32

48
68

1
11
-

r.fw nm ft r c i al
p i ii f ^ h p r a ( a ll f n m m e r c i a l )
_
R o o fe rs
.. . ...................Sh A p t.T n p tal w o r k e r s
C o m m e .'rc ia l
....
.....
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) __

178



E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
O t h e r h«?V y m n u tm c ti o n
P n 1 H ft7Ar o p e r a t o r s
....
S t r e e t an<i h ig h w a y c o n s tr u c tio n
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n

....

.. .

ptreet arw highway construction
i
..........
...............
nthpr heavy construction

-

A pprentices:
_

TTIeetriei ans (all commercial)
"Pipefitters (all commercial)

S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c i a l) _____
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :

40
5
90
68

ptreet and highway construction
father heavy construction

1
11

N o n u n io n 3
J o u rn e y m e n :
penitential (less than 5 stories)

---

22
32

48
68

1 O v e r a ll occupation m ay include data for w orkers in'type(s) o f construction not shown separately.
2 Union w orkers in a given occupation equal 100. Information is lim ited to those occupations fo r which wage data are shown fo r
union w ork ers in table 2 .
5 Nonunion carpenters equal 100, I n fo r m a tio n is l im it e d to c a r p e n t e r s , th e o n ly o c c u p a tio n f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n
fo r nonunion w orkers in table 3.

Table 107. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime
(union and nonunion separately): Washington, D.C.
(P ercen t of w orkers in construction establishm ents w ith p rem iu m pay provisions fo r daily o r w eekly overtim e
by rate of pay and hours a fte r which effective, Septem ber 1973)
D a ily ove rtim e rate and hours
a fte r which effective
Occupation and type
of construction

T im e and
o ne-half
8
hours

W eekly o ve rtim e rate and hours
sifter which effective

Double
tim e
8
hours

T im e and
o ne -ha lf
40
hours

Double
tim e
40
hours

U n ion2
Journeymen:

Commercial

.......

E le ct r i ciana___
Com m ercial
(a ll commercial) .
P lum bers
Pipefitters

Commercial
.
Roofers
Commercial
_ _
Sheet-metal workers

...............

_

.

Com m ercial____________________________
Structural iron workers ..........

179



C o m m ercialEquipment operators:
Back-hoe operators
Commercial

O th e r heavy construction________
B u lld o zer operators
Commercial
O th e r heavy construction
_

Apprentices:
B ric k la y e rs
Commercial

........................

C arpenters
C o m m e rc ia l—
O ther heavy construction______
Cement masons
Commercial

E lectrician s
P ip e fitte rs (a ll com m ercial)
P lum bers (sill com m ercial)
S h eet-m etal w orkers
Comme rcial
S tru c tu ra l iro n w orkers (a ll com m ercial)—
H elpers and laborers:
Construction lab o rers.
...............

O ther heavy construction_
_
P lu m b ers' helpers (all com m ercial)________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

45
31
59
57
55
45
97
93

_

-

.
-

_

40
37 *

Commercial
---- -------

Commercial

54
99
99
99
100
100
100
81
84
100
100
100
57
69
100
100
100
100

65

............

Commercial

O ther heavy con at ruction
Cement masons

Truckd rivers
Commercial

45
_
_
.
_
_
_
19
16
_
.
_
37
31
_
_
_
-

Commercial

Carpenters

-

_
_
_
24
7
56

46
1
1
1

-

54
99
99
99
100
100
100
81
84
100
100
100
57
69
100
100
100
100

52
60
41
43
45
55
3
7

48
40
59
57
55
45
97
93

52
60
41
43
45
55
3
7

35
100
100
100
100
100
100
60
63
100
100
100
100
100

65

35
100
100
100
100
100
100
60
63
100
100
100
100
100

75
91
44
100

_
_
_

19
16
_
43
31

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

40
37

_
_
_
_

-

25
9
56

75
91
44
100

Table 107. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime
(union and nonunion separately): Washington, D.C.— Continued
(P ercen t o f w orkers in construction establishments with premium pay provisions fo r daily o r weekly overtim e
by rate of pay and hours after which e ffective, September 1973)
Daily overtim e rate and hours
after which effective
Occupation 1 and type
of construction

W eekly overtim e rate and hours
after which effective
Tim e and
one - half
40
hours

Tim e and
one-half
8

hours
Nonunion 3

180



Journeymen:
B r ic k la y e rs 4 _ _
_
Comm ercial_
_
__
---Residential (less than 5 stories)
C arpen ters 4 _______ _
Com m ercial
Residential (5 stories o r m o r e )------------Residential (less them 5 s to rie s ). __ —
Street and highway construction— Cement masons _ _
—
_
__ __ ---Com m ercial— --------- ------- _
Residential (less than 5 sto ries)__ ______
Street and highway construction___
___
E lectricia n s----- ----- _ _
Com m ercial------ —
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )------P ip efitters
........
Com m ercial_____
Plum bers _ ___
Com m ercial_
.
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )..
R o ofers.
Com m ercial..
Residential (less than 5 stories)
. .
Sheet-m etal w orkers
-----C om m ercial.
_
_
_
Residential (less than 5 sto ries)__ -----Equipment operators:
Back-hoe operators..
_ ---Com m ercial— — . . .
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )------ ---Street and highway construction____
___
Other heavy construction
_ — _ ---B ulldozer operators
_ .
_ _ —
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )__ _ __
Street and highway construction_
Other heavy construction^.
Truckdrivers
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )..---------Street and highway construction
Other heavy construction----------------------Apprentices:
B ric k la y e rs 4 .
_
- C omme rci al_________ ____ _________________
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )— . Carpenters __ —
Com m ercial
Residential (less than 5 stories)
E lectrician s__
__
—
_ _ __
Comm ercial—
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )-----------P ip e fitte rs___
. . . .
P lu m b ers----------------------------------------------Comm ercial_____ .
— —

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .

17
23
7
19
15
70
20
-

44
58
48
26
35
18
6
-

24
30
22

5
9
2
2

27
27
25
-

32
24
29
-

14
27
43
49
. 13
18
17
25
-

67
-

97
100

91
99
100
100

99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

83
100

40
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Table 107. Premium pay provisions for daily and weekly overtime
(union and nonunion separately): Washington. D.C.— Continued
(Percent of w orkers in construction establishm ents w ith p rem ium pay provisions fo r daily o r weekly overtim e
by rate of pay and hours a fte r which effective, September 1973)

Occupation 1* and type
of construction

D a ily ove rtim e rate and hours
afte r which effective

W eekly overtim e rate and hours
afte r which effective

T im e and
o ne-half

T im e and
one-half
40
hours

— s
—
hours

Nonunion 3— Continued

181



H elpers and laborers:
B ric k la y e rs ' h elpers 4________________
C om m ercial_______________________
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )___
Carp enters' helper a----Comme rrial
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )___
Construction laborera 5 _
C o m m e r c ia l______________________
Residential (5 stories o r m o r e ____
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )___
Street and highway construction.___
O ther heavy construction__________
E lec tric ia n s ' helpers —_
Commercial

Residential (less than 5 stories) ___
P lu m b ers' helpers —
C o m m e r c ia l
Residential (less than 5 s to rie s )________

22

40
14
21
10

23
16
50
24
1
36
28
45
12

8
g
9

96
100

92
100
100
100
99
98
100
100
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

O v e ra ll occupation m ay include data fo r w orkers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
Union w orkers in a given occupation equal 100. Inform ation is lim ite d to those occupations fo r which
wage data are shown for union w orkers in table 2 .
3
Nonunion w orkers in a given occupation equal 100. Inform ation is lim ite d to those occupations fo r which
wage data are shown fo r nonunion w orkers in table 3 .
"O ther" rates of pay effective a fte r 8 hours daily and 40 hours w eekly, not shown sep arately, applied
to 3 percent of the nonunion b ric k la y e rs , 17 percent of th e ir apprentices, and 4 percent of th e ir helpers; and less
than 0.5 percent of the nonunion carpenters.
Double tim e afte r 8 hours daily and 40 hours w eekly, not shown separately, applied to 1 percent of
the nonunion laborers.

Table 108. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Atlanta, Ga.
(E m p loyer cen ts-per-hou r contributions fo r em ployee benefit funds

1

in construction and the percent of w orkers covered, September 1973)
Cents-per-hour em ployer contribution to funds providing—

Occupation 1 and type
2
of construction

Journeymen:
B rick la ye rs (a ll co m m ercia l)-------------------C a rp e n te rs __ __ __ __ ____ __ — — — —
C o m m erc ia l. . _ __ __
— — — __
Residential (less than 5 sto rie s )-----------Cement masons . __ __ __ ____ — — __
1 1A1
T
... ___

Othe r 3

Pensions

Insurance
A ll benefit funds 1
A vera g e Minimum Maximum A verage Minimum Maximum A verage Minimum Maximum A verag e Minimum Maximum
contri­
contri­
contri­ em ployer
contri­ em ployer contri­
contri­ em ployer contri­
contri­
em ployer
bution
bution
contri­
bution
bution
contri­
bution
bution
bution
contri­
bution
contri­
bution 5
reported reported
bution 5 reported reported
reported reported bution 5 reported reported
bution 5

30
35
35
35
35
35
52
53
36
35
35
35

30
35
35
35
35
35
34
53
34
35
35
35

30
35
35
35
35
35
53
53
36
35
35
35

30
40
40
40
55
55
69
71
47
50
50
50

30
35
35
40
55
55
46
71
46
50
50
50

30
40
40
40
55
55
71
71
48
50
50
50

20
20

20
20

20
20

20
20

20
20

20
20

-

35
35
40

35
35
40

35
35
40

35
35
47

35
35
47

35
35
47

47
47
47
47
47

26
25
28
25
25

25
25
25
25
25

30
25
30
25
25

13
15
9
15
15

4
15
4
15
15

15
15
15
15
15

77
77
77
52
52
97
97
97
85

77
77
77
113
113
97
97
97
125

35
35
35
34
34
35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35
35
35
35

35
35
35
46
46
35
35
35
35

40
40
40
45
45
50
50
50
35

40
40
40
28
28
50
50
50
35

40
40
40
61
61
50
50
50
35

77
77
40
40
40
44
44

77
77
75
75
40
44
44

35
35
15
15
15
18
18

35
35
15
15
15
18
18

35
35
30
30
15
18
18

40
40

40
40

20
20
20

20
20
20

40
40
41
41

24
24

24
24

66

66

C o m m e rc ia l.. __ _. __ __ __ __ — — —
R esiden tial (le s s than 5 sto ries) __
__
P ip e fitte rs (a ll co m m ercia l). __ __ . — —
P lu m b ers.. .
__ _. ._ — __ — .. — __
C o m m erc ia l.. __ _. __ — —
— — —
R oofers ._ ._ ------ — - - — — — — —
C o m m erc ia l__ __ — __ ._ — __ __ — —
S h e e t-m e ta lw o rk e rs 6. __ — — __ __ — —
C o m m e rc ia l.. ._ _ _. ____ ._ __ ._ __
Structural iron w orkers (a ll co m m ercia l)__

182

66

77
77
77
91
91
127
130
87
97
97
97
40
40
123
123
92

72
72
77
90
90
84
130
84
97
97
97
40
40
85
85
92

77
77
77
92
92
130
130
97
97
97
40
40
125
125
92

Equipment operators:
Back-hoe operators — __
----- — __ —
C o m m e rc ia l.. _ ._ — — — — — — —
Other heavy construction---------------------B u lldozer operators--------------------------------Other heavy construction. __ _ __

45
47
41
47
47

36
47
36.
47
47

C o m m erc ia l— ._ . — — — —
— —
Residential (le s s than 5 sto ries) — — —
E le c tric ia n s .. . . — _ — . — — — — —
C o m m erc ia l— . . . . .
. . . . — — —
P ip e fitte rs (a ll co m m ercia l). __ . . — __ —
Plu m b ers.. _ — __ — — . — — — — —
C o m m erc ia l. __ __
_ — — __ . ._
Sheet-m etal w orkers (a ll co m m ercia l ) 6 -----

77
77
77
83
83
97
97
97
123

H elpers and la borers:
C arpen ters' helpers — — _ _. — — — ..
C o m m ercial- __ — — - — - —
Construction la b o re r s . _ — __ ------ _ __
C o m m erc ia l---------------------------------------Other heavy construction. __ . . .
_ ..
E lec tricia n s ' h elp ers ------------------------------C o m m erc ia l_______________________________

77
77
40
40
40
44
44

A pprentices:

88

21
21

6
2
2
2
2
2
6
6

6
2
2
2
2
2

4
6

6
2
2
2
2
2
6
6

Percen t of worlkers covered by
em ployer cointri tuitions to
spe cif ie d funds 4
A ll
benefit
funds 1

Insur­
Pensions Other
ance

86

86

86

86

36
44

36
44

36
44

3

36
44

8
68

8
68

8
68

78
87
90
63

77
87
90
63

77
87
90
63

37
42
87
90
63

8

100

100

100

100

39
54
31
33
37
64
79

39
54
31
33
37
64
79

39
54
37
64
79
47
87
30
15
33

4

4

4

12

12
12
12

12
12
12

15
15
5

15
15
5

15
15
5

39
54
31
33
37
64
79

6

2

7
4
7
7

7
7
7

7
7
7
7
7

47
87
30
15
33

47
87
30
15
33

47
87
30
15
33

2
2
2

2
2

2
2

60
73

60
73

60
73

60
73

2

2

22

22

22

22

4
4

3
3

12
12

-

2

5
5

93
93

93
93

93
93

93
93

100

100

100

100

46
62
35

46

12
12
12

12

12

12
12

12
12

46

46

62

62

15

15

15

35

35

2
2

2
2

2
2

20

5
5
5

4
4
5

5
5
5

24
24

2
2

2
2

2
2

4

4

4

62

35
4

6

6

6

6

41
56
7
4
9

41
56
7
4
9

41
56
7
4
9

41
56
7
4
9

1 Excludes le g a lly requ ired plans.
In instances where the labor-management agreem ent does not set up a union adm inistered fund, specified em ployer payments to em ployees fo r vacations or
holidays, etc. w ere considered fund contributions. Although surveyed, em ployer contributions to holiday funds w ere not provided in this area.
* O vera ll occupation m ay include data fo r w orkers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
3 Includes funds fo r such item s as dental care, apprenticeship training, education, and industry advancement.
4 A ll w orkers (union and nonunion) in a given occupation equal 100.
5 Em ployee weighted a verage relating only to em ployees covered by contributions to union funds.
6 A vera g e em ployer contributions of 40 cents p er hour to vacation funds, not shown separately, applied to 36 percent of the sheet-m etal w orkers and 33 percent of their apprentices.

NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e fit in f o r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d ,

it i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) i n t a b l e 1.

Table 109. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Baltimore, Md.
(E m ployer cen ts-per-hou r contributions fo r employee benefit funds1 in construction and the percent of w orkers covered, September 1973)
Cents-per-hour em ployer contribution to funds providing—
Insurance

A ll benefit funds 1
Occupation 2 and type
o f construction

Journeymen:
.......................
B rick la ye rs
C o m m ercial
........ . .....
Carpenters
---C o m m ercial
.................. . ....
Cement masons............. .
Com m ercial
S treet and h igh w a y__________
E le c tr ic ia n s ., ....... .
C o m m e r c ia l................ ...... ...
P ip e fitte rs (a ll com m ercia l) .. ..
Plum bers . „
,
Commercial,,..
R o ofers
C om m ercial
_ .
Sheet-m etal w orkers ______
C om m ercial
.......... . ...
Structural iron w orkers
(all co m m ercia l)

183

Equipment operators:
Back-hoe o p era to rs ____ ____
__
C om m ercial
__
Other heavy construction .._...
Bu lldozer operators ...............
Com m ercial..
....................
S treet and highway
Tru ckdrivers
C om m ercial
Street and highway
Other heavy c o n s tr u c t io n _ _
Apprentices:
B rick la yers
Residential
(less than 5 s t o r ie s ) _______
Carpenters
........_
C om m ercial _
E lectricia n s
.. .
. .r
C om m ercial
P ip e fitte rs (a ll com m erica l) ......
P lu m b e rs .
--------C o m m erc ia l........... ...............
Sheet-m etal w orkers
(a ll com m ercial)
Structural iron w orkers
(a ll com m ercial)
H elpers and laborers:
Carpenters' helpers
.... ........
C om m ercial
............... .
Construction la b o rers
Com m ercial ....
Street and highway ___ . _ ....
Other heavy co n s tru ctio n ___

A v e r ­ Miniage
mum
em ­ contri­
ployer bution
contri­ re ­
bution 6 ported

102
1 01

113
113
56
57
45

57
57
86
86

M axi­
mum
contri­
bution
re ­
ported
107
107
137
137
57
57
45

A v e r­
age
em­
ployer
contri­
bution 6

Mini­
mum
contri­
bution
re­
ported

Pensions

M a xi­ A v e r ­ M ini­
age
mum
mum
contri­ em­ contri­
bution ployer bution
r e ­ contri­
re­
ported bution 6 ported

V ac at ions
M axi­ A v e r ­ M ini­
age
mum
mum
contri­ em­ contri­
bution ployer bution
r e ­ contri­
re­
ported bution 6 ported

45
45
30
30
50
50

17
17
7
7
15
14
14

17
17
7
7
15
14
14

17
17
7
7
15
14
14

50

50

50

23

23

60

60

60

55
55

40
40
30
30
50
50

35
35
30
30
50
50

20

25

25
25

20

20

20

50
50
45
35
35
35
35

50
50
45
35
35
35
35

50
50
45
35
35
35
35

55
55

55
55

60

10
10

117
84
84
65
65
119
119

45
57
45
79
79
108
75
75
65
65
119
119

184

168

218

60

60

60

85

85

85

109
119
107
109
127
108
72
80
82
52

107
107
107
107
127
107
50
80
80
50

127
127
107
127
127
127
89
80
89
58

50
50
50
50
50
50
49
50
50
46

50
50
50
50
50
50
28
50
50
28

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

50
50
50
50
50
50
30
30
30
30

50
50
50
50
50
50
30
30
30
30

50
50
50
50
50
50
30
30
30
30

86
86

1 20
120
120

93
93
65
65
119
119

5
-

3
2
2
15
13
13
-

41
66
34
43
51
76
20
56
70
79
15
22
10
20
66
68

41
66
34
43
51
76
20
56
70
79
15
22
10
20
66
68

41
66
34
43
51
76
20
56
70
79
IS
22
10
20
66
68

8
10
-

18
66
68

4
8
2
3
49
76
3
38
47
60
15
22
-

23

23

74

74

74

24

74

1

7

7
7

53
57
20
46
8
76
54
42
58
56

53
57
20
46
8
76
54
42
58
56

53
57
20
46
8
76
41
42
58
11

5
33
4
8
3
-

33
36
66
-

20
57
20
9
8
10
5
10
-

-

28

-

21
42
47
-

4
4
34
37
94
12
19

7
7
7
7

2
2

2
2

3
2
2
10

3
2
2
3

9
9
-

23

23

7
7
7

7
7
7
7

5

7
7
7
7
3
2

20

20

20

20

20
20

-

-

-

20

20

7

7

20
20

20
20
20

7

20
20

-

-

-

7

7

7

7
7
7
7
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

9
9
-

9
9
-

7

7

7

-

-

-

7
7

107

107

107

40

40

40

50

50

50

-

-

-

17

17

17

-

-

-

28

28

28

107

107

40
60
60
50
50
45
35
33

50
44
44
26
26
54
33
33

50
35
35
23
23
52
32
32

50
45
45
27
27

25
25
40
40
-

25
25
40
40
-

25
25
40
40
-

17

-

-

-

80
80

40
44
44
50
50
45
35

17

86
86

40
58
58
50
50
45
35
35

17

121

107
137
137
118
118

21
46
51
44
49
94
12
19

21
46
51
44
49
94
12
19

21
46
51
44
49
94
12
19

1 21

82
82

7

7

7

7.

7

-

-

-

7
1
1
12

7
1
1

7
1
1

3

11
11

5
5

15
13
13

-

-

-

81

81

81

-

81

-

36

36

36

20

36

-

1
37
41
67
22

j
37
41
67
22

1
36
41
67
19

1
17
25
14
10

10
15
11
-

119

55

55

55

27

25

50

-

-

-

14

14

14

195

1 68

218

60

60

60

85

85

85

50

50

50

23

23

23

-

-

-

112
112
61

1 12

1 12
1 12

60
60

60
60
20
28
20
28

60

60
50
30
30
50

45
45
28
30
24
30

45
45
23
25
23
30

45
45
30
30
30
30

15
15
15

15
15
15
“

15
15
15
"

7
7

7
7
1
1
7
1

7
7
12
7
12

6
6
3
-

3

-

67
48
58

1 12

43
58
43
50

80
80
70
65

26
28
21

31

22
24
6
7
-

7

94

35

_

-

7

96

60

35
35

-

37
58
32
40
-

7

79
79

1 11

112

11
15

7

74
74
108
75
75

D a s h e s i n d ic a te no d a t a r e p o r t e d .




M axi­
mum
C om ­
A ll
contri­
I n s u r ­ P e n ­ V a c a ­ b in e d O th e r 4
b e n e fit
bution
s io n s tio n s fu n d s 3
fu n d s 1 a n c e
re­
ported[

7
7
7
7

6
6
9
2

7

1 Excludes le g a lly requ ired plans.
In instances where the labor-management agreement does not set up a union administered fund, specified
holidays, etc. w ere considered fund contributions. Although surveyed, em ployer contributions to holiday funds w ere not provided in this area.
* O vera ll occupation m ay include data fo r w orkers in type(s) o f construction not shown separately.
3 Funds that provid e fo r a combination of benefits, such as insurance and pensions, or insurance and vacations.
4
Includes funds fo r such items as dental care, apprenticeship training, education, and industry advancement.
5 A ll w orkers (union and nonunion) in a given occupation equal 100.
6 Em ployee weighted average relating only to employees covered by contributions to union funds.

NOTE:

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d
by e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s
to s p e c if ie d fu n d s 5

4

M axi­ A v e r­ M ini­
age
mum
mum
contri­ em­ contri­
bution ployer bution
r e ­ contri­
re­
ported bution 6 ported

25
25
40
40
-

35
35
23
30
23
29
29

40
40
60

M in i­
mum
contri­
bution
re­
ported

25
25
40
40
-

50
50
45
45
30
30
25
29
29

40
40
44
44

M axi­ A v e r ­
age
mum
contri­ em­
bution ployer
r e ­ contri­
ported bution 6

25
25
40
40
-

46
45
42
42
30
30
25
29
29

40
40
56
55
25
25

Other

Combined funds 3

5

7
7

3
-

3
-

6
10
2
-

-

em ployer payments to em ployees fo r vacations or

W h e re b e n e fit in fo r m a tio n is r e p o r t e d , it is l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a ll w o r k e r s (u n io n and n o n union) in ta b le 1.

Table 110. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Boston, Mass.
(E m ployer cen ts-per-hou r contributions fo r em ployee benefit funds 1 in construction and the percent of w orkers covered, September 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p r o v id in g —
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c if ie d fu n d s 4

In su ra n c e

A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e
e m p lo y e r c o n tr i­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
c o n tri­
b u tio n
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5

P e n s io n s

O th e r 3

M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5

M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

A ll
b e n e fit
fu n d s 1

In su r­
ance

Pen­
s io n s

O th e r 3

184

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ___ - — ___________ ____ ___
C o m m e r c i a l ___ ________ _ __ __________
C a r p e n t e r s - ----------- ------------ ---------------------C o m m e r c ia l __
___________ ___________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
C e m e n t m a s o n s ___ ___ ___ __ ________ ___
C o m m e r c i a l ___
__ „
_____________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ________
_____ _____ ______
____ ____ ________
C o m m e r c ia l— —
P i p e f i t t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
____ _________ ___ ___
P l u m b e r s _____________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ___ _________ ______________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o f e r s 6 _________
______ ________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s 6-----------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ___ ___ _____________________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ______________________

126
125
102
102
102
103
99
98
120
141
141
126
126
109
108
117
106
106
118
118
185

74
74
80
80
102
103
59
59
85
60
60
121
121
90
90
115
105
105
113
113
142

144
144
107
107
102
103
139
139
139
154
154
126
126
118
118
118
130
130
149
149
196

59
59
49
49
50
50
52
52
57
35
35
51
51
45
45
50
55
55
55
55
50

39
39
30
30
50
50
35
35
50
35
35
51
51
30
30
50
55
55
50
50
50

75
75
50
50
50
50
60
60
60
38
38
51
51
53
53
50
55
55
56
56
50

60
60
50
50
50
50
38
38
49
83
84
65
65
58
57
60
45
45
55
55
90

50
50
50
50
50
50
20
20
30
20
20
65
65
40
40
60
45
45
55
55
90

65
65
50
50
50
50
65
65
60
104
104
65
65
60
60
60
45
45
56
56
90

14
14
3
3
2
3
9
8
14
23
22
10
10
6
6
7
5
5
8
8
45

5
5
2
2
2
3
4
4
5
2
2
5
5
3
3
5
5
5
8
8
2

19
19
7
7
2
3
19
19
19
55
55
10
10
8
8
8
6
6
8
8
56

70
76
92
95
17
99
100
100
100
69
76
91
96
68
83
36
80
80
80
88
99

70
76
92
95
17
99
100
100
100
69
76
91
96
68
83
36
80
80
80
88
99

70
76
92
95
17
99
100
100
100
69
76
91
96
68
83
36
80
80
80
88
99

70
76
89
91
17
99
100
100
100
69
76
91
96
68
83
36
80
80
80
88
99

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a ck -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e r c ia l _
___ __ „ ______
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __
____ ________ __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
_ _ ____ _
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s . . ----------- ------------- ----C o m m e r c ia l
. . . .
____ ___
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
___
_____
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ________ . _
T ru c k d riv e r s.
. . .
—
----C o m m e r c ia l
__
------_ _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __ __ _
— ____
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________

117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
95
98
94
100

117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
65
65
85
100

117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
100
100
100
100

55
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
42
42
42
43

55
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
30
30
35
43

55
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
43
43
43
43

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
54
56
52
58

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
35
35
50
58

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
58
58
58
58

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
_
-

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
“

90
100
100
69
90
97
100
61
77
96
90
10

90
100
100
69
90
97
100
61
77
96
90
10

90
100
100
69
90
97
100
61
77
96
90
10

90
100
100
69
90
97
100
61
“

136
136
103
104
85
85
141
141
125
125
108
109
107
107

113
113
103
103
84
84
66
66
121
121
90
90
105
105
113

139
139
107
107
87
87
154
154
126
126
118
118
130
130

59
59
50
50
50
50
35
35
51
51
46
47
55
55
55
55
50
50

39
39
50
50
50
50
35
35
51
51
30
30
55
55
50
50
50
50

60
60
50
50
50
50
38
38
51
51
53
53
55
55
56
56
50
50

61
61
50
50
30
30
80
82
65
65
57
57
45
45
55
55
90
90

55
55
50
50
30
30
26
26
65
65
40
40
45
45
55
55
90
90

65
65
50
50
30
30
103
103
65
65
60
60
45
45
56
56
90
90

16
16
3
4
. 5
5
26
24
9
9
5
6
5
5

9
9
3
3
4
4
2
2
5
5
3
3
5
5

19
19
7
7
7
7
55
55
10
10
8
8
6
6

41
51

2
2

56
56

100
100
96
95
100
100
64
77
77
94
26
61
100
100
95
95
100
100

100
100
96
95
100
100
64
77
77
94
26
61
100
100
95
95
100
100

100
100
96
95
100
100
64
77
77
94
26
61
100
100
95
95
100
100

100
100
96
95
100
100
64
77
77
94
26
61
100
100
95
95
100
100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r ic k la y e rs
—
- --------------------C o m m e r c ia l __ ___ _ ____ ________ . .
C a r p e n te r s
- .
----- — ----C o m m e r c ia l
----— __ ------„ _.
C e m e n t m a s o n s ----------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l
-------- .
----- ----- __ ----E le c tr ic ia n s — ---— ----- ----- —
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
P ip e fitte rs .
— — —
---- ----- —
C o m m e r c i a l — ----— . —
P l u m b e r s ---------------------C o m m e r c ia l - — ---------------- _ -----------R o o fe rs6
-------- ----- ----- —
C o m m e r c ia l . . . . ___
..
— ____
S h eet-m etal w o rkers 6-----------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l . . . .
. . .
-----S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs .
— _. —
C o m m e r c ia l
_ .

See footnotes at end of table.




119
119

181
191

113

142
142

149
149
196

196

-

8
8

8
8

8
8

Table 110. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Boston, Mass.— Continued
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p r o v id in g —
A ll b e n e fit fun ds 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

185

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
.....
B r ic k la y e r s ' h e lp e r s
_ _
C o m m e r c i a l _________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _____________ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ___

A v erag e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

85
85
85
85
85
85
85
85

In su ra n c e

P e n s io n s

M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
re p o rte d re p o rte d
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

85
85
85
85
85
85
85
85

85
85
87
87
85
85
85
85

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

A ve ra g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e
e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d
b u tio n 5

40
40
40
40
40
40
40

40
40
40
40
40
40
40

P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e re d by
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c if ie d fu n d s 4

O th e r3

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
r e p o r te d
re p o rte d

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

5
5
7
7
5
5
5
5

A ll
b e n e fit
fu n d s 1

In su r­
ance

Pen­
s io n s

O th e r 3

54
53
79
94
100
3
53
85

54
53
79
94
100
3
53
85

54
53
79
94
100
3
53
85

54
53
79
94
100
3
53
85

E x c l u d e s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s .- .r i n s t a n c e s ,w h e--- th e la b o r - m a n a g----- e n t a g r e e m e n t u u co n o t oci. u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c if ie d e m p lo y e r p a y m e n ts to e m n lo v e e s f o r v a c a tio n * n r
In ;
d o e s iiui s e t ujj a
%
t ----- r e ---- ----------------— e m ----h o l id a y s , e t c . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr ib u tio n s . A lth o u g h s u rv e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h is a r e a .
-----O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
I n c lu d e s fu n d s f . r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t. ic e.s h ip t r a i.n.in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d- i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
. .
- . o
A ll w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv en o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
6 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr i b u ti o n s to u n io n f u n d s .
_ p ^ Veff1 efrie m p l ° f.e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s of 25 c e n ts p e r h o u r to v a c a tio n f u n d s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , w e r e p r o v id e d to 4 p e r c e n t of th e r o o f e r s a n d 5 p e r c e n t of t h e i r a p p r e n t ic e s ; c o n tr ib u tio n s of 30
h f®
c e n ts pe r h o u r to v a c a tio n fu n d s w e r e p r o v id e d to 2 p e r c e n t of th e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s a n d 2 p e r c e n t of t h e i r a p p r e n t ic e s .
pe
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e fit in fo r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d , i t is l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a nd n o n u n io n ) in ta b le

1.

Table 111. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Chicago, III.
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n an d t h e p e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c if ie d fu n d s 4

C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p r o v id in g —
A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A v e r­
M in i­
m um
age
c o n tr i­
em ­
p lo y e r
b u tio n
c o n tri­
re­
b u tio n 5 p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re­
p o r te d

In su ra n c e
A v e r­
ag e
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b ution 5

M in i­
m um
c o n tri­
b u tio n
re­
p o r te d

V a c a tio n s

P e n s io n s
M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tri­
b u tio n 5

M in i­
m um
c o n trib u t ion
re ­
po r te d

M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

A v e r­
ag e
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

M in i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
po r te d

186

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ---------------------------------- -------------------C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ___________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _____________ ____
C a r p e n t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _____________________ ____ _____
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ___________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________ _____ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n --------------------------C e m e n t m a s o n s _______________ ______ _________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ----------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s 6 _________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ___________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __________
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s _________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ----------------P i p e f i t t e r s _____________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __________________
P l u m b e r s ______________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------R o o f e r s ------------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ....................
S t r u c t u r a l ir o n w o r k e r s ----------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ------------------- ----------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ______________ ___

108
108
108
108
107
117
117
119
118
118
117
85
85
82
88
84
87
153
153
159
149
63
63
63
125
126
114
106
104
107
49
47
59
105
104
111
180
176
199

104
108
108
108
104
56
56
119
91
91
110
79
79
81
79
81
79
81
81
109
85
59
59
59
70
97
70
50
50
70
47
47
47
58
58
104
65
65
199

108
108
108
108
108
119
119
119
119
119
119
98
98
84
98
98
93
176
176
168
172
68
68
68
127
127
127
127
127
110
70
47
70
126
126
125
237
237
200

40
40
40
40
40
49
49
50
49
49
47
45
46
45
45
45
44
47
47
50
46
37
37
37
54
54
48
48
48
48
31
30
36
49
49
48
71
70
73

40
40
40
40
40
35
35
50
35
35
35
40
40
45
40
40
40
19
19
48
25
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
35
35
40
40
40
40

40
40
40
40
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
45
50
50
45
54
54
50
52
40
40
40
55
55
55
55
55
50
45
30
45
50
50
50
79
79
79

60
60
60
60
60
63
63
63
63
63
65
38
38
35
41
37
40
47
47
50
47
24
24
24
68
69
61
49
49
49
16
15
22
48
48
47
83
82
87

60
60
60
60
60
53
53
63
53
53
63
35
35
35
35
35
35
20
20
49
20
23
23
23
35
43
35
35
35
35
15
15
15
15
15
40
23
23
23

60
60
60
60
60
75
75
63
75
63
75
50
50
35
50
50
45
60
60
51
53
26
26
26
70
70
70
70
70
50
25
15
25
49
49
49
98
98
98

40
40
39
40
15
15
15
15
15
15
31
42
20
98
93
135

20
20
39
29
15
15
15
15
15
15
20
20
20
20
20
135

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ____________ ____ _________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ------------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n --------------------------B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s ___________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ___________________ -........... ...........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ......... ........... ..................... ......
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ...................
S t r e e t and h i g h w a y ------------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ---------------------------

125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
59
60
58
59
58

125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
55
55
55
55
55

125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
70
70
70
70
70

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
27
27
26
27
27

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
25
25
25
25
25

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
40
30
30
40
40

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
33
34
32
33
31

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
30
30
30
30
30

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
40
40
40
40
40

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
-

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
-

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




O th e r 3
M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
po r te d

A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

M in i m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
po r te d

M axi m um
A ll
In su rc o n tr i­
b e n e fit
b u tio n
ance
fu n d s 1
re ­
po r te d

Pen­
s io n s

V aca­
O th e r 3
tio n s

57
57
39
57
15
15
15
15
15
15
64
64
20
135
135
135

8
8
8
8
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
2
2
2
2
2
3
23
23
23
24
2
2
2
2
2
4
9
10
9
2
2
2
9
8
11
18
17
19

4
8
8
8
4
1
1
6
3
3
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
13
5
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
2
2
2
3
3
5
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
12
12
6
6
6
6
4
4
4
4
4
4
49
49
27
28
2
2
2
7
7
7
15
15
15
2
2
2
20
20
20
60
60
22

100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
70
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
98
88
95
65
100
100
98
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
70
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
98
88
95
65
100
100
98
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
99
99
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
70
100
100
100
100
100
100
97
95
98
88
95
65
93
92
98
100
100
100

87
88
93
57
2
1
8
3
1
8
9
5
27
9
8
15

100
100
100
100
100
97
99
100
96
100
81
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
70
100
100
100
100
100
100
97
95
98
83
95
40
99
100
98
99
99
100

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
36
-

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
36
36

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
36
36

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
36
36

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
. 100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
98
99
96
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
1
4

-

Table 111. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Chicago, III.— Continued
(E m p lo y e r c e n ts -p e r -h o u r co n trib u tio n s fo r em p lo y e e b en efit fu n d s 1 in co n stru ctio n and the p e rc e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)

C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

M in i­
M a x i­
m um
m um
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
re ­
re ­
po r te d po r te d

In su ra n c e
A ver age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tri­
b u tio n 5

M in i­
m um
c o n tri­
b u tio n
re ­
po r te d

P e n s io n s

V a c a tio n s

M a x i­
m um
c o n tri­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tri­
b u tio n 5

M in i ­
m um
c o n tri­
b u tio n
re ­
po r te d

M a x i­
m um
c o n tri­
b u tio n
re­
p o r te d

A v e r­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

M in i­
m um
c o n tr ib u t ion
re ­
p o r te d

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d by
e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to
s p e c if ie d fu n d s 4

O th e r 3
M a x i­ A v e r ­
m um
age
c o n tr iem ­
b u t ion p l o y e r
c o n tri­
re ­
p o r te d b u tio n 5

M in i­
M a x i­
m um
m um
A ll
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
In su r ■ P e n ­
b e n e fit
b u tio n
b u tio n
s io n s
fu n d s 1 a n c e
re­
re ­
p o r te d p o r te d

187

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
.... .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ......... .........
C a r p e n te r s
_ . _
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re )
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ............_.
C em ent m aso n s
...... .
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _______________________
____
E l e c t r i c i a n s 6 . ...
.
.
C o m m e r c ia l
..
_ .
P i p e f i t t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
. . .............. .......
P l u m b e r s ______________________________ _____
C o m m e r c i a l ___ __________________ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R o o f e r s . . ..
_ ___
C o m m e r c ia l
. ....
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs . .
C o m m e r c ia l

107
105
108
118
118
119
119
115
86
85
88
81
89
90
121
120
101
105
97
50
50
79
82
67
151
151

108
108
108
91
91
119
110
110
79
81
79
81
45
46
97
97
70
90
70
47
47
58
58
104
72
72

108
108
108
119
119
119
119
119
98
98
98
81
162
162
127
127
110
110
110
63
63
126
126
125
199
199

40
40
40
49
49
50
50
43
46
45
47
45
32
32
51
51
43
46
40
31
31
50
50
50
64
64

40
40
40
35
35
50
35
35
40
45
40
45
8
8
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
35
35
45
40
40

40
40
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
45
50
50
55
55
50
50
50
38
38
50
50
50
79
79

60
60
60
63
63
63
63
69
38
37
39
35
31
31
65
65
46
48
44
17
17
49
49
48
72
72

60
60
60
53
53
63
63
63
35
35
35
35
11
11
43
43
35
40
35
15
15
15
15
40
28
28

60
60
60
75
75
63
75
75
45
45
45
35
57
57
70
70
50
50
50
25
25
49
49
49
98
98

34
34
15
15
15
15
15
42
64
20
-

20
20
15
15
15
15
15
20
64
20
-

46
46
15
15
15
15
15
64
64
20
-

8
8
8
6
6
6
6
6
2
2
2
1
11
11
3
3
10
10
10
2
2
8
8
8
15
15

8
8
8
3
3
6
6
6
1
1
1
1
*
*
2
2
5
5
5
2
2
5
8
5
5
5

8
8
8
12
12
6
6
6
4
4
4
1
26
26
7
7
15
15
15
2
2
20
12
20
22
22

H e l p e r s and l a b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _______________________
C o m m e r c ia l
... ... .
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ..
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s to r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_ _ .. .
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ' h e l p e r s _____________
C o m m e r c ia l . . . . . .
...
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________

111
112
112
109
111
112
97
97
57
57
60

66
66
112
88
70
70
51
51
59
59
59

113
113
113
113
113
113
155
155
68
68
68

47
47
47
47
47
48
33
33
37
37
37

30
30
47
47
40
40
22
22
35
35
35

65
47
47
47
65
65
45
45
40
40
40

63
64
65
60
63
63
29
29
25
25
25

30
36
65
41
30
30
22
22
23
23
23

65
65
65
65
65
65
46
46
26
26
26

47
47
47
53
53
-

47
47
47
39
39
-

47
47
47
62
62
-

1
1
1
1
1
1
11
11
2
2
2

1
1
1
1
1
1
6
6
2
2
2

3
3
1
3
1
3
24
24
2
2
2

100
100
100

100

100
100

100
100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100
100

99
99
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100

100

100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100

V aca­
tio n s

98
96

98
96

100

100

100

98

100
100
1 00

100
100

98
50

100
100
100

100
100
100
100

100

100
99
99
100
100
100
100
100

46
48

99
99

11
11

100
100

13
1
24

100
100

100

83
82
58
65
27

100

49
54
27
100
100

100

80
82
42
87
76
77
47
100
100
89
94

98
99

98
99
100
100
100
100

100
100
100

47

47
100

100

98
99

100
100
100
100
100
100

89
94

100

96
47

100

100
100

89
94

89
94

4
22
46

1 E x c lu d e s l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d p l a n s . In in s t a n c e s w h e r e th e la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c if ie d e m p lo y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n s o r
h o l id a y s , e tc . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr ib u tio n s . ‘ A lth o u g h s u rv e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h is a r e a .
* O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 In c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i te m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n tic e s h ip t r a i n i n g , e d u c a tio n , an d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
4 A ll w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv en o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
5 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n fu n d s.
6 A v e r a g e e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s o f 39 c e n ts p e r h o u r to c o m b in e d f u n d s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , w e r e p r o v id e d to 3 p e r c e n t o f th e e l e c t r i c i a n s a n d to 1 p e r c e n t of t h e i r a p p r e n t i c e s . C o m b in e d
f u n d s p r o v id e f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f b e n e f i ts , s u c h a s i n s u r a n c e and p e n s io n s , o r in s u r a n c e and v a c a tio n s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d a ta r e p o r t e d .

* L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




W h e re b e n e fit in fo r m a tio n is r e p o r t e d , it is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a ll w o r k e r s (u n io n and non u n io n ) in ta b le 1.

Table 112. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Cleveland, Ohio
( E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr ib u tio n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by
o m n lm w r rnntriV iiiH fins tn
s p e c if ie d fu n d s 4

C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
In su ra n c e
M in im u m M a x im u m A v e ra g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­
c o n tri­
c o n tri­
c o n tr i ­ e m p lo y e r
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i ­
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d
re p o rte d re p o rte d
re p o r te d b u tio n 5
re p o rte d

A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
A v erag e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ---- ----------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

C o m m e r c ia l-----------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l -----------------------------------------------P i p e f i t t e r s -------- _----------------— -----------------------

188

C o m m e r c ia l _______ ___________ _ ________R e s id e n tia l (!*»*<« th a n ^ s t n r i p s )
F o s te r*
. i
- __
P n p r m p r r i al
..........
—__
^1 w n rlc p rs . ...
....
.. .... .
C o m m e r c ia l ________- _____________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------St rVI r'fx'\ TrO i T*nn w n rlfp rfl
*
._ ...
_____ _ _

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
n p A ffltn rs
S t r e e t and h ig h w a y ,
..........
..... .
Ofli**f*
r n n s t r n r t i n n ...
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------r n p m p f H fll ,
... .....
S t r e e t and h ig b w ay .,
..............
O t h e r h e a v y cr»T)stT’n c tin n
r. ...
T ru c k d r iv e r s
__
_____________ _
C n m m e r r ia l
___
....
S t r e e t and h ig h w a y
...... .......
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n -------------------------A p p r e n tic e s :
B r i r*Vl a y p r s
r a r p*>nt^ r fl

ria n fl
P i p e f i t t e r «__

_
. .

_____ ____ _____
...
—_ _

—ll—
M

-----

________________—
___ _—

r n m ir ie ^ r ia l
S h e e t m e ta l w o T k e rfl .............. .
S t r u c t u r a l ir o n w n i*Vfti*a ____

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .




—

--—

O th e r 3

P e n s io n s

22
22
22
22
22
22
22
-

100
100
100
98
100
100
100
95
53
100
100

100
100
100
98
100
100
100
95
53
100
100

97
91
100
98
100
100
100
95
53
100
100

97
91
100
98
100
100
100
“
“
"

8
6
6
3
3
9
9
10
10
12
12
5

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
75
71
100
100
100

100
100
100
8
“
100
100
100
100
75
71
100

100
100
100
100
100
■

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
"

67
63
100
100
100

75
71
100
100
100

10
10
10
2
2
12
12
12
5
5

80
80
80
80
80
80
80
35
35
35
35

22
22
22
22
17
22
22
-

22
22
22
17
17
22
22
-

65
60
60
41
41
70
70
20
20
80

8
6
6
3
3
8
8
10
10
12
12
5

8
6
6
3
3
6
6
10
10
12
12
5

70
70
70
70
47
47
47
47
44

62
63
65
59
60
60
60
60
45

40
40
65
40
60
60
60
60
45

65
65
65
65
60
60
60
60
45

40
50
50
70
70
55
55
55
25
25

_

30
37
37
70
70
55
55
55
25
25
_
_

44
50
50
70
70
55
55
55
25
25
_
_

50
50

50
50

50
50

45
44
44
70
70
70
70
70
50
50
80
80
80
80
79

45
44
44
70
70
70
70
70
50
50
80
80
80
50
50

45
44
44
70
70
70
70
70
50
50
80
80
80
80
80

144
144
144
144
139
144
144
70
70
70
70

144
144
144
139
139
144
144
70
70
70
70

144
144
144
144
144
144
144
70
70
70
70

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
35
35
35
35

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
35
35
35
35

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
35
35
35
35

80
80
80
80
80
80
80
35
35
35
35

80
80
80
80
80
80
80
35
35
35
35

143
113
113
6
3
99
99
70
70
128
127
32
32
135

143
113
113
3
3
97
97
70
70
65
65
32
32
135

143
113
113
47
3
100
100
70
70
135
135
32
32
135

70
47
47
44

70
47
47
44
_
50
50
70
70
55
55
_
50

70
47
47
44
_
50
50
70
70
55
55
50

65
60
60
41
41
70
70
20
20
80

65
60
60
41
41
70
70
20
20
80

_

100
100

21
91
92
100
100
84
93
20
100
100
99
98
100
100
100

10
10
10
2
2
12
12
12
5
5

45
45
70
45
47
47
47
47
30

50
50
70
70
55
55
_
_
50

77
94
96
100
100
84
93
20
100
100
-

10
10
10
2
2
12
12
12
5
5

67
68
70
64
47
47
47
47
40

80
76
100
76
94
100
100
77
90
100
62
91
92

91
85
100
100
94
100
100
77
3

8
8
8
8
6
6
6
6
5
3
5
12
12

143
143
143
143
113
113
113
113
75
3
75
106
106
140
140
135
135
135
77
77
92
92
92
135
. 135

In su r­
P e n s io n s O th e r 3
ance

100
100
100
100
9.4
100
100
77
11

8
8
8
8
6
6
6
6
3
3
3
12
12

85
85
143
85
113
113
113
113
3
3
3
93
93
140
140
135
135
135
77
77
92
92
92
105
105

A ll
b e n e fit
fu n d s 1

100
100
100
100
94
100
100
77
97
100
100
94
96
100
100
84
94
20
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

8
8
8
8
6
6
6
6
3
3
3
12
12

137
138
143
129
113
113
113
113
9
3
43
104
104
140
140
135
135
135
77
77
92
92
92
135
134

_

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
r e p o r t e d r e p o r te d
b u tio n 5

84
93
20
100
100
99
98
100
100
100

Table 112. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Cleveland, Ohio— Continued
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit f u n d s 1 i n c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p r o v id in g —
O c c u p a tio n c a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A ll b e n e fit funids 1
A v e ra g e M in im u m M a x im u m
e m p lo y e r c o n tr i ­
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

189

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s . .
C o m m e rc ia ls
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) . .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
S tre e t an d h ig h w a y .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n ^ ,

128
150
160
144
88
93

50
50
160
70
79
79

160
160
160
160
160
160

In su ran ce

P e n s io n s

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m
e m p lo y e r c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­ e m p lo y e r c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­ e m p lo y e r c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n 5
r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5
r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d

60
65
67
61
52
53

30
30
67
35
50
50

67
67
67
67
67
67

47
57
60
55
27
30

15
15
60
35
24
24

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d by
e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
-sp e c ifie d fu n d s 4

O th e r 3

60
60
60
60
60
60

23
31
33
33
8
10

2
2
33
33
5
5

M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

33
33
33
33
33
33

A ll
b e n e fit
fu n d s 1

In su r­
ance

P e n s io n s O t h e r 3

97
98

97
98

94
96

92
94

100

100

100

100

90
93

90
93

90
82

74
82

100

100

100

100

h o lid J r .
T d/ la n r - u If in 8 ta T ; l 8 W^ e r e th e l* b < > * -» » n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t up a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d f u n d , s p e c i f ie d e m p l o y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n s o r
h o l id a y s , e t c . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr ib u tio n s . A lth o u g h s u rv e y e d , e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to h o lid a y a n d v a c a tio n fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h i s a r e a
P 7
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in t y p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n tic e s h ip t r a i n i n g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
A ll w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n fu n d s.
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e fit in f o r m a tio n is r e p o r t e d , i t i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in t a b l e 1.

Table 113. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Dallas, Tex.
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d t h e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p r o v id in g
O c c u p a ti o n 1 a n d ty p e
2
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l .

____
_
... . . _

A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
A v e ra g e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

In su ra n c e

M a x im u m A v e ra g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n
re p o rte d
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d
b u tio n 5

190

29
68
66
75
82
100
36
60
91
94

-

-

-

"

5
91

5
91

5
91

"

8
8
2
2
6
6
12
12
8
3
3

89
89
100
100
69
72
69
83
96
70
70

89
89
96
100
69
72
57
83
95
70
70

89
89
96
100
69
72
57
83
95
70
70

84
84
99
100
69
72
57
83
95
70
70

2
2
2
2
2
2

60
69
21
42
27
68

60
69
21
42
27
68

60
69
21
42
27
68

60
69
21
42
27
68

-

35
35
8
8
79
79
79
79
25
25

70
70

30
30

30
30

30
30

25
25

10
10

40
40

"

88
88
2
62
35
35
124
124
68
93
93

88
88
62
62
79
79
124
124
68
93
93

30
30
30
30
30
30
33
33
35
40
40

30
30
30
30
15
15
33
33
35
40
40

30
30
30
30
32
32
33
33
35
40
40

50
50
30
30
7
7
79
79
25
50
50

50
50
30
30
4
4
79
79
25
50
50

50
50
30
30
8
8
79
79
25
50
50

8
8
2
2
5
5
12
12
8
3
3

8
8
2
2
3
3
12
12
8
3
3

50
50
50
50
50
50

50
50
50
50
50
50

28
28
28
28
28
28

28
28
28
28
28
28

28
28
28
28
28
28

20
20
20
20
20
20

20
20
20
20
20
20

20
20
20
20
20
20

2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ____________________________
C o m m e r c ia l ______________________
C a r p e n t e r s ____________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
______________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s 6 __________________________
C o m m e r c ia l ______________________
P l u m b e r s ______________________________
C o m m e r c ia l __________________ ____
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s __ __________
C o m m e r c i a l _______ ______________

88
88
60
62
72
72
124
124
68
93
93

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ___________________
C o m m e r c ia l __________ _____ ____
C a r p e n t e r s 'h e l p e r s -------------------------C o m m e r c i a l ________________________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _________________
C o m m e r c ia l _______________________

50
50
50
50
50
50

6
6
12
12
12
12
8
8

72
77
45
71
-

72
77
45
71

O th e r 3

29
68
66
75
82
100
36
60
91
94

-

40
40

I n s u r a n c e P e n s io n s

72
77
45
71
1
29
68
66
75
82
100
36
60
91
94

35
35
8
8
79
79
79
79
25
25

55
55

A ll
b e n e fit
funds 1

8
8
2
2
2
1
1
6
6
12
12
12
12
8
8

-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ___________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________

50
50
30
30

8
8
2
2
2
1

35
35
8
8
79
79
79
79
25
25

-

50
50
30
30

50
50
30
30

40
40
32
32
33
33
33
33
35
35

-

30
30
30
30

M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
re p o rte d re p o rte d

40
40
32
32
33
33
33
33
35
35

C o m m e r c ia l
E le c tr ic ia n s 6 _
C o m m e r c ia l
................
P i p e f i t t e r s ................
. _ _ ........
C o m m e r c ia l ._
P lu m b e rs
.....
__
C o m m e r c ia l
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________ ________

88
88
62
62
2
76
76
79
79
124
124
124
124
68
68

30
30
30
30

M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d re p o rte d
b u tio n 5

8
8
2
2
2
1
1
6
6
12
12
12
12
8
8

88
88
2
62
2
76
76
79
79
124
124
124
124
68
68

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i b u ti o n s to s p e c if ie d fu n d s 4

O th e r 3

30
30
30
30
40
40
32
32
33
33
33
33
35
35

88
88
62
62
2
76
76
79
79
124
124
124
124
68
68

C o m m e r c i a l ________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __

P e n s io n s

-

67
71
45
71
1
29
68
66
75
82
100
36
60
91
94
-

1
E x c lu d e s l e g a ll y r e q u i r e d p l a n s .
In i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c if ie d e m p lo y e r p a y m e n ts t o e m p l o y e e s , f o r v a c a t i o n s o r
h o l id a y s , e tc . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr i b u ti o n s . A lth o u g h s u r v e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h i s a r e a .
* O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip t r a i n in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
4 A ll w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
5 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a t i n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n fu n d s .
6 A v e r a g e e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s o f 32 c e n ts p e r h o u r to v a c a tio n fu n d s n o t show n, s e p a r a t e l y , w e r e p r o v id e d to 66 p e r c e n t o f t h e e l e c t r i c i a n s ; c o n tr i b u ti o n s of 30 c e n ts p e r h o u r to v a c a tio n
fu n d s w e r e p r o v id e d to 6 9 p e r c e n t o f t h e e l e c t r i c i a n s ' a p p r e n t ic e s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s in d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e fit i n fo r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d , i t i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r

a ll w o rk e rs

(u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in t a b l e 1.

Table 114. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Denver, Colo.
( E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
C e n ts -- p e r - h o u r e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to f u n d s p r o v id in g —
A ll b e n e fit f Linds 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

191

J o u rn e y m e n :
.. ......
B r i c k l a y e r s ---C o m m e r c i a l ............................ .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
5 s to rie s )
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l ...........
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n
5 s t o r i e s ! .....
____ .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _ ,.
C e m e n t m a s o n s ....... _
.
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n
5 s to rie s )
E l e c t r i c i a n s 7 ________________ ____
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n
5 s to rie s )
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s
C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte rs
_
_
P lu m b e rs
_
_
C o m m e r c ia l
...................
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n
5 s to rie s )
R o o fe rs
C o m m e r c ia l
_ ..
.
.........
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s th a n
5 s to r ie s )
S h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r s
C o m m e rc ia l.
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
5 s to rie s )
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e r c ia l .......... _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n
5 s to r ie s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s __
_ _
.
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _ _
T ru c k d riv e rs
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an
5 s t o r i e s ) ... .... ...
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
. ...
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . ......
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ...
...........
C o m m e r c ia l .....
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
5 s to rie s )
.
._
C a r p e n te r s
_
.
. .
C o m m e r c ia l ..
_ _.
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th an
5 s to r ie s )
C em ent m aso n s
C o m m e r c ia l
......

See footnotes at end of table.




Iin s u ra n c e

P e n s io n s

V a c a tio n s

C o m b in e d fu n d s 3

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d by
e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to
s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 5

O th e r4

A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

M in i­
m um
c o n tri­
b u tio n
re­
p o rte d

142
148

110
145

155
155

45
45

45
45

45
45

50
50

50
50

60
60

25
25

25
25

30
30

_
_

_
_

_
_

31
28

20
20

35
35

90
100

77
100

89
100

79
100

_
_

89
100

137
123
124

no
118
118

155
124
124

45
45
45

45
45
45

45
45
45

50
45
45

50
40
40

50
45
45

25
30
30

25
30
30

30
30
30

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

33
4
4

25
3
3

35
4
4

83
74
98

64
74
98

83
74
98

66
74
98

_
_
_

83
74
98

123
122
180
189

118
119
154
158

124
124
193
193

45
45
37
37

45
45
37
37

45
45
37
37

45
43
80
80

40
40
50
50

45
45
80
80

30
30
55
61

30
30
30
60

30
30
80
80

-

-

_

_

3
4
9
12

3
4
6
11

4
4
16
16

60
100
80
85

60
100
80
85

60
100
80
85

60
100
80
85

_
_
_
_

60
100
80
85

_
7
10

_
10
10

7
12
12

6
7
10

11
20
20

66
89
93

66
89
93

66
88
93

66
89
93

_
20

66
80
87

65

20

_
100
75
100

_
19
13
21

31
100
100
100
75
100
68
71
79

M a x i­ A v e r ­ M in i­
m um
ag e
m um
c o n t r i ­ e m ­ c o n tr i ­
b u tio n p l o y e r b u tio n
re­
c o n tri-j r e ­
p o r te d b u tio n 6 p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re­
p o r te d

A v e r ­ M in i­
ag e
m um
e m ­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r b u tio n
c o n tri-j r e ­
b u tio n 6 p o r te d

M a x i­ A v e r ­ M in i­
m um
age
m um
c o n tr i­ e m ­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n p l o y e r b u tio n
c o n tr i­ r e ­
re­
p o r te d b u tio n " p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re­
p o r te d

A v e r ­ M in i­ M a x i­
age
m um m um
e m ­ c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
p l o y e r b u tio n b u tio n
re­
c o n tr i­ r e ­
b u tio n * p o r te d p o r te d

A v e r ­ M in i­
m um
ag e
e m ­ c o n tr i­
p l o y e r b u tio n
c o n tr i-j r e ­
b u tio n 6 p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
A ll
c o n tr i­
I n s u r ­ P e n ­ V a c a ­ C o m ­ O th e r 4
b u tio n b e n e fit a n c e s io n s tio n s b in e d
fu n d s 1
fu n d s 1
re­
p o r te d

184
156
163

183
74
143

188
213
213

37
63
65

37
37
65

37
65
65

80
23
24

80
6
24

80
24
24

60
41
42

60
24
34

60
94
94

_
7
10

71
60
60
159
160
160

74
59
59
158
160
160

74
68
68
160
160
160

37
.35
35
50
50
50

37
35
35
50
50
50

37
40
40
50
50
50

6
23
23
44
45
45

6
23
23
43
45
45

6
26
26
45
45
45

24
_
_
50
50
50

24
_
50
50
50

24
_
_
50
50
50

7
_
_
10
10
10

7
_
_
10
10
10

7
• _
_
10
10
10

7
2
2
13
13
13

7
2
2
5
5
5

7
2
2
15
15
15

65
100
100
100
75
100

65
100
100
100
75
100

52
100
100
100
75
100

160
71
71

160
71
71

160
71
71

50
37
37

50
37
37

50
37
37

45
_
_

45

45

50
30
30

50
30
30

10

-

-

-

_

_

10
_
_

14
4
4

5
4
4

15
4
4

68
71
79

68
71
79

68
_

_

50
30
30

10

-

_

68
71
79

10
_
_

71
160
160

71
159
159

71
184
184

37
30
30

37
30
30

37
30
30

_
62
62

_
55
55

30
51
51

30
50
50

30
75
75

_
7
7

_

65
65

7
7

_
7
7

4
17
17

4
7
7

4
24
24

25
90
100

25
90
100

_
90
100

25
90
100

6
3

25
90
100

164

159

184

30

30

30

60

55

65

55

50

75

7

7

7

16

7

24

36

36

36

36

18

36

108
103

63
63

136
no

35
35

35
35

37
37

45
45

45
45

45
45

23
20

20
20

50
20

2
_

2
_

2
_

6
7

3
3

10
10

72
100

72
100

71
91

72
100

_
_

72
100

106
110
106
106
73

106
106
106
106
60

106
136
no
no
80

35
35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35
35

35
37
37
37
35

45
45
45
45
25

45
45
45
45
20

45
45
45
45
25

20
24
20
20
10

20
20
20
20
10

20
50
20
20
20

_
2
2
2

_
2
2
2

_
2
2
2

_

_

_

6
6
6
6
4

6
3
3
3
1

6
10
10
10
6

6
85
59
67
82

6
85
59
67
82

6
85
59
67
82

6
85
59
67
81

1
2
2

80
73
73

80
60
71

80
76
76

35
35
35

35
35
35

35
35
35

25
24
25

25
20
25

25
25
25

20
10
10

20
.10
10

20
10
10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

4
3

1
1

6
6

6
85
100

6
85
100

6
85
100

6
84
100

149
147

145
145

155
150

45
45

45
45

45
45

50
50

50
50

60
60

25
25

25
25

30
25

_

-

_
_

28
27

20
20

35
30

87
100

87
100

87
100

87
100

154
122
124

150
118
124

155
124
124

45
45
45

45
45
45

45
45
45

50
45
45

50
40
45

50
45
45

27
30
30

25
30
30

30
30
30

_

-

_

_
_

_

_

32
4
4

30
3
4

35
4
4

61
92
100

61
92
100

61
92
100

61
92
100

124
190
191

118
188
188

124
193
.1 9 3

45
37
37

45
37
37

45
37
37

45
80
80

40
80
80

45
80
80

30
62
63

30
60
60

30
65
65

_
-

-

-

“

-

”

4
11
11

3
11
11

4
11
11

84
28
100

84
28
100

84
28
100

84
28
100

_

-

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_
-

6
85
59
67
81
84
100
87
100
61
92
100
84
28
100

Table 114. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Denver, Colo.— Continued
( E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d th e p e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n ts - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p r o v id in g —
A ll b e n e f it fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

192

A p p r e n ti c e s — C o n tin u e d
E le c tr ic ia n s 7
C o m m e r c ia l
... . ...... _
P i p e f i t t e r s _______________________
P l u m b e r s ....
_
_ .... _
C o m m e r c ia l
....... _ ___
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
5 s to r ie s )
R o o fe rs n
C o m m e r c ia l
______________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s . _________
C o m m e r c i a l __________________
S t r u c t u r a l ir o n w o r k e r s _________
C o m m e r c i a l __________________
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ____________
C o m m e r c ia l ________________
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
____________
5 s t o r i e s ) __
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s ___
____
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
___
C o m m e r c i a l __________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
5 s t o r i e s ) . __ ______ ____
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y __________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ___
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s '
h e l p e r s ___________________ _____
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ______________
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th an
5 s t o r i e s ) ___________________

P e n s io n s

In su ra n c e

A v e r ­ M in i ­ M a x i ­ A v e r ­ M in i­
m um
m um
m um
age
age
e m ­ c o n t r i ­ c o n t r i ­ em r... c o n t r i ­
p l o y e r b u tio n b u tio n 6 p lo y e r b u tio n
r e ­ c o n tr i ­ r e ­
c o n tri­ r e ­
b u tio n 6 p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 6 p o r te d

M a x i­ A v e r ­ M in i­
m um
m um
age
c o n tr i­ e m ­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n p lo y e r b u tio n
r e ­ c o n tr if r e ­
p o r te d but ion 6 p o r te d

V a c a tio n s

M a x i­ A v e r ­
m um
age
c o n tr i­ e m ­
b u tio n p l o y e r
r e ­ c o n tri­
p o r te d bu tio n 6

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by

C o m b in e d fu n d s 3

M in i ­ M a x i ­
m um
m um
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n b u tio n
re ­
re ­
p o r te d p o r te d

A v e r­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

M in i ­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 5

O th e r 45

M a x i ­ A v e r ­ M in i­
m um
m um
age
cont r i J e m ­ c o n tr i­
b u t ion p l o y e r b u tio n
r e ­ c o n tr i­ r e ­
p o r te d b u tio n 6 p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
A ll
c o n tri­
In su r - P e n ­ V a c a ­ C om ­
b e n e fit
b in e d O th e r 4
b u tio n
s io n s t io n s
fu n d s 1 a n c e
funds 3
re ­
po r te d

122
132
159
160
160

50
97
158
160
160

233
233
160
160
160

62
65
50
50
50

37
65
50
50
50

65
65
50
50
50

19
21
44
45
45

3
4
43
45
45

24
24
45
45
45

21
22
50
50
50

11
15
50
50
50

33
33
50
50
50

10
10
10

10
10
10

10
10
10

6
6
14
14
13

3
5
5
5
5

9
9
15
15
15

100
100
100
60
100

100
100
100
60
100

100
100
100
60
100

100
100
100
60
100

160
71
71
160
160
121
121

160
71
71
159
159
119
121

160
71
71
184
184
121
121

50
37
37
30
30
55
55

50
37
37
30
30
55
55

50
37
37
30
30
55
55

45
60
60
60
60

45
55
55
60
60

45
65
65
60
60

50
30
30
51
51
-

50
30
30
50
50
-

50
30
30
75
75
"

10
7
7
-

10
7
7
-

10
7
7
-

15
4
4
19
19
6
6

5
4
4
7
7
4
6

15
4
4
24
24
6
6

54
100
100
68
100
100
100

54
100
100
68
100
100
100

54
68
100
100
100

54
100
100
68
100
-

2
3
5
-

95
96

82
82

97
97

37
37

37
37

37
37

40
40

40
40

40
40

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
19

5
5

20
20

64
100

64
100

64
100

-

-

64
100

95
124
86
87

82
124
82
83

97
124
97
97

37
45
37
37

37
45
37
37

37
45
37
37

40
45
40
40

40
45
40
40

40
45
40
40

_
30

_
30
-

_
30
-

_
5
5

_
5
5

_
5
5

18
4
9
10

5
4
5
5

20
4
20
20

46
5
58
98

46
5
58
98

46
5
58
98

_
5
-

_
1
1

46
5
58
98

86
83
83

82
83
82

87
87
87

37
37
37

37
37
37

37
37
37

40
40
40

40
40
40

40
40
40

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
5

5
5
5

5
5
5

8
6
6

5
5
5

10
6
6

9
82
91

9
82
91

9
82
91

_
-

1
1
3

9
82
91

59
86

59
82

59
87

35
37

35
37

35
37

23
40

23
40

23
40

_

_
-

_

-

-

_
5

_
5

_
5

2
5

2
5

2
5

100
6

100
6

100
6

_
-

_
4

100
6

85

82

87

37

37

37

40

40

40

-

-

-

5

5

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

-

2

4

-

.

10
4
16

88
87
100
60
100
54
100
100
68
100
100
100

1
E x c lu d e s l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d o l a n s . In i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c if ie d e m p lo y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n s o r
h o l id a y s , e tc . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fund c o n tr i b u ti o n s .
* O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 F lu id s t h a t p r o v id e f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f b e n e f i ts , s u c h a s in s u r a n c e and p e n s io n s , o r in s u r a n c e a n d v a c a tio n s .
4 I n c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i te m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip t r a i n in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d in d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
5 A ll w o r k e r s ( u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
6 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d by c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n fu n d s.
7 A v e r a g e e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s o f 20 c e n ts p e r h o u r to h o lid a y fu n d s, not sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , w e r e p r o v id e d to 82 p e r c e n t of t h e e l e c t r i c i a n s . A v e r a g e c o n tr ib u tio n s o f 11 c e n ts p e r h o u r to
h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e p r o v id e d to 87 p e r c e n t o f t h e e l e c t r i c i a n s ' a p p r e n t ic e s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e fit in fo r m a tio n is r e p o r t e d , it is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e show n f o r a ll w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d non u n io n ) in t a b l e 1.

Table 115. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Detroit, Mich.
( E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r cs m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to f u n d s p r o v id in g A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s - _________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ----------------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ __
C a r p e n t e r s __ _ __ __ __ _ __ __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l
. . .......... .......
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _
__
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
C e m e n t’ m a m m a
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
-------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s . . _ __ __ __ __ „ __ „ __ „
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
P ip e fitte rs —
— __ __ __ __ — „ __
C o m m e r c ia l.
__ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ __._
_
Plumber*
_
---------- _

A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u t io n 6

In su ran ce

M in i­
M a x i­ A v e r ­
m um
m um
age
c o n t r i ­ c o n tr i ­
em ­
b u tio n
b u tio n p l o y e r
re­
re­
c o n tr i­
p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 6

P e n s io n s

C o m b in e d fu n d s 3

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d b y
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 5

O th e r4

M in i­ M a x i­ A v e r ­
M in i­
M a x i­ A v e r ­
M in i­ M a x i­ A v e r ­ M in i­
M a x i­
m um
m um
age
m um
m um
m um
age
m um
m um
age
m um
A ll
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­ e m ­
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
In su r­
b u tio n b u tio n p lo y e r b u tio n b u tio n p l o y e r b u tio n b u tio n p l o y e r b u tio n b u tio n b e n e f it
ance
fu n d s 1
re ­
re­
c o n tr i­
re ­
re­
c o n tr i­
re ­
c o n tr i­
re ­
re­
re ­
p o r te d p o r t e d b u tio n 6 p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 6 p o r te d p o r te d b u t io n 6 p o r te d p o r te d

Pen­
s io n s

C om ­
b in e d O t h e r 4
fu n d s 3

R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _
R o o fe rs .
_ -------C o m m e r c ia l
__
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s __
C o m m e r c i a l . . . ....
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ __ __
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ______________________
C o m m e r c ia l— _

252
253
245
219
22 0
218
222
196
233
232
50
190
257
2 56
258
289
289
288
288
288
161
161
279
279
279
335
335

238
238
238
141
149
141
221
40
232
232
40
45
256
256
256
289
289
288
288
288
161
161
276
276
277
334
334

270
270
257
252
252
235
222
244
244
232
232
233
271
262
271
289
289
288
288
288
161
161
291
288
291
355
355

70
70
70
60
60
60
60
62
70
70
32
60
75
75
75
65
65
65
65
65
50
50
61
61
61
67
67

70
70
70
45
60
45
60
30
70
70
30
30
75
75
75
65
65
65
65
65
50
50
61
61
61
67
67

80
80
70
60
60
60
60
70
70
70
70
70
75
75
75
65
65
65
65
65
50
50
61
61
61
71
71

71
71
71
70
70
70
70
67
81
81
15
65
65
65
65
69
69
69
69
69
65
65
62
62
62
118
118

71
71
71
40
61
40
70
10
81
81
10
15
65
65
65
69
69
69
69
69
65
65
61
61
61
118
118

77
77
72
83
83
76
71
87
87
81
81
81
65
65
65
69
69
69
69
69
65
65
66
65
66
125
125

98
98
98
87
87
87
87
80
81
81
81
69
91
91
93
135
135
134
134
134
30
30
97
97
97
143
143

97
97
98
55
87
55
87
15
81
81
81
15
91
91
91
135
135
134
134
134
30
30
96
96
96
143
143

106
106
98
104
104
96
89
88
87
81
81
81
105
96
105
135
135
134
134
134
30
30
104
103
104
151
151

15
15
7
4
4
4
5
1
1
1
1
1
25
25
25
20
20
21
21
21
16
16
59
59
59
7
7

15
5
5
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
25
25
25
20
20
21
21
21
16
16
58
58
59
6
6

17
17
17
5
5
5
5
1
1
1
x
1
27
26
' 27
20
20
21
21
21
16
16
59
59
59
8
8

100
100
94
99
100
98
100
90
100
19
100
100
94
98
55
96
100
97
100
91
90
90
95
98
87
100
100

100
100
94
99
100
98
100
89
100
19
100
100
94
98
55
96
100
97
100
91
90
90
95
97
87
100
100

100
100
94
96
98
94
100
89
100
19
100
100
94
98
55
96
100
97
100
91
90
90
95
97
87
100
100

100
100
94
99
100
98
100
73
100
19
4
76
94
98
55
96
100
97
100
91
90
90
95
97
87
100
100

91
90
88
99
100
98
100
69
96
19
4
76
94
98
55
96
100
97
100
91
90
90
95
97
87
100
100

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
R a ck -h o e o p e ra to r*
----- __
C o m m e r c ia l
_..
.
____
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ..
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
. ...
R u lld o z e r o p e a to r s _
_
C o m m e r c ia l
__
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y — __ __ _ _ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
T ru c k d riv e rs
C o m m e r c i a l . . __ __ __ _ __ __ __ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y — __ ____ __ __ __ —
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . ____
„ __

189
195
181
189
190
189
200
187
192
82
87
88
73

165
179
174
165
165
179
200
179
165
73
78
88
73

200
200
194
196
204
200
200
194
204
88
88
88
88

49
50
50
49
50
50
50
50
50
38
38
38
38

40
50
50
40
40
50
50
50
40
38
38
38
38

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
43
43
38
38

54
55
54
53
55
55
55
55
55
35
35
35
35

45
55
50
45
45
55
55
55
45
35
35
35
35

55
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
35
35
35
35

80
83
72
80
79
78
88
76
81
15
15
15
15

69
69
69
69
69
69
88
69
69
15
15
15
15

88
88
82
84
92
88
88
82
92
15
15
15
15

6
7
6
6
6
6
7
6
6
2
2
.
-

3
3
5
3
3
3
7
53
2
2

7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
2
2
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
62
92
100
1

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
*
2

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s „ _ __ __ __ __ „ __ _. _. ._
C o m m e r c i a l .. __ __ __ __ . _ __ ._ _.
C a r p e n t e r s — __ __ __ „ __ __ __ „ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ _.
__ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — __ __
C e m e n t m a s o n s ______________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
P i p e f i t t e r s ___ __ __ __ __ __ __ „ _. __ _.
C o m m e r c ia l
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

205
205
175
174
175
112
23 0
230
288
288
289

180
180
129
148
141
40
211
211
288
288
289

255
255
221
217
215
208
253
253
289
289
289

70
70
60
60
60
47
75
75
65
65
65

70
70
45
60
45
30
75
75
65
65
65

70
70
60
60
60
70
75
75
65
65
65

51
52
50
49
50
35
65
65
68
68
69

39
39
38
38
38
10
65
65
68
68
69

71
71
71
67
67
69
65
65
69
69
69

69
72
62
61
62
69
67
68
135
135
135

54
54
48
48
48
69
50
50
135
135
135

98
98
89
84
84
69
88
88
135
135
135

16
16
4
4
3
1
23
23
20
20
20

5
5
1
2
1
1
21
21
20
20
20

17
17
5
5
5
1
25
25
20
20
20

100
100
100
100
100
100
95
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
95
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
95
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
43
95
100
100
100
100

96
95
100
100
100
43
95
100
100
100
100

Commercial

193

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




_

_

.

-

Table 115. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Detroit, M ich.— Continued
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r ■ c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A v e r­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u t io n 6

P e n s io n s

In su ra n c e

M a x i­ A v e r ­
M in i­
m um
m um
age
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n b u tio n p lo y e r
re­
re ­
c o n tri­
p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 6

M a x i­
M in i­
m um
m um
c o n tr i ­ c o n t r i ­
b u tio n b u tio n
re ­
re­
p o r te d p o r te d

A v er­
ag e
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

P e r c e n t of w o rk e rs c o v e re d by
O th e r4

C o m b in e d f u n d s 3

M in i­
M a x i­ A v e r ­
m um
m um
age
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n b u tio n p l o y e r
re­
re­
c o n tr i­
p o r te d p o r te d b u t io n 6

M in i­ M a x i­ A v e r ­
m um
m um
age
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n b u tio n p l o y e r
re­
re ­
c o n tr i­
p o r te d p o r te d b u t io n 6^

s p e c i f ie d flu id s 5

M in i­
M a x i­
m um
m um
A ll
In su r­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
b e n e f it
ance
b u tio n b u tio n
funds 1
re­
re ­
p o r te d p o r te d

Pen­
s io n s

Com ­
b in e d O t h e r 4
fu n d s 3

194

A p p r e n ti c e s — C o n tin u e d
P l u m b e r s . __ ____ __ __ — _____ __ __ —
C o m m e r c i a l . . __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ __
R o o f e r s ___ ____ — __ __ ------------ __ — __
C o m m e r c i a l . . __ __ __ __ __ __ __ —
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s __ ~ __ __ __ __ ------C o m m e r c i a l . . __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s __ __ __ __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________

288
288
288
161
161
21 0
21 0
2 66
266

288
288
288
161
161
191
191
203
203

288
288
288
161
161
246
246
336
336

65
65
65
50
50
61
61
53
53

65
65
65
50
50
61
61
40
40

65
65
65
50
50
61
61
67
67

69
69
69
65
65
35
35
93
93

69
69
69
65
65
28
28
71
71

69
69
69
65
65
49
49
118
118

134
134
134
30
30
55
55
113
113

134
134
134
30
30
43
43
86
86

134
134
134
30
30
77
77
143
143

21
21
21
16
16
59
59
7
7

21
21
21
16
16
58
58
6
6

21
21
21
16
16
59
59
8
8

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
J0 0
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 7 — __ __ __ _ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l — __ __ — _ — __ __ — —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ — __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . __ __ __ __ __

159
173
168
123
145

115
124
161
115
115

181
181
181
159
163

55
63
58
36
50

35
35
52
35
35

65
65
65
60
60

48
53
55
34
40

30
35
45
30
30

65
65
55
45
45

53
55
55
50
50

50
50
55
50
50

55
55
55
50
50

4
3
4
6
6

1
2
2
4
1

8
8
6
8
8

98
100
86
98
100

98
100
86
98
100

98
100
86
98
100

98
100
86
98
100

79
83
67
72
78

1 E x c lu d e s le g a l ly r e q u i r e d p l a n s . In i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c i f ie d e m p l o y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a t i o n s o r
h o lid a y s , e tc . w e r e c o n s i d e r e d fu n d c o n tr i b u ti o n s . A lth o u g h s u rv e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h is a r e a .
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) of c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 F u n d s t h a t p r o v id e f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f b e n e f i ts , s u c h a s in s u r a n c e and p e n s io n s , o r i n s u r a n c e a n d v a c a t i o n s .
4 I n c lu d e s f u n d s f o r s u c h i te m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip t r a in in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
5 A ll w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
6 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n f u n d s .
7 A v e r a g e e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n of 50 c e n ts to v a c a tio n f u n d s, n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , a p p lie d to l e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s .
NOTE:
*

D a s h e s in d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .

L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




W h e re b e n e fit in f o r m a tio n is r e p o r t e d ,

i t i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in t a b le 1.

Table 116. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.
( E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n an d th e p e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d t y p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

195

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ---------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l __________________
C a r p e n te r s
_
C o m m e r c i a l ________ - — —
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
5 s t o r i e s ) ___________________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _____ ___
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ___
C e m e n t m a s o n s __ __
C o m m e r c ia l - __ _
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
5 s t o r i e s ) . ___
_ __ ---S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y _____ ___
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ___
E l e c t r i c i a n s _____________________
__ _________
C o m m e r c ia l R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
5 s t o r i e s ) . __ ____ ________
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s (a ll
c o m m e r c i a l) _______
_ ____
P i p e f i t t e r s _______________________
C o m m e r c ia l - _ _ __
_ _
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ___
P l u m b e r s __ __ _______ ______
C o m m e r c ia l R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
5 s to r ie s ) .
__
„
---__
___
R o o f e r s ____ C o m m e r c i a l __________________
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
5 s to rie s ).
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ____________
C o m m e r c i a l ___
___
___
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
5 s t o r i e s ) ..........
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ________
C o m m e r c i a l __________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____

A ver age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tri­
b u tio n 6

In su ran ce
M in i ­ M a x i­ A v e r ­ M ini - M a x i m um m um
m um
m um
age
c o n t r i ­ c o n t r i ­ e m ­ c o n tr i ­ c o n t r i ­
b u tio n b u tio n p lo y e r b u tio n b u tio n
re ­
r e ­ c o n tr i­ r e ­
re ­
p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 6 p o r te d p o r te d

P e n s io n s
A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

M in i ­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

70

V a c a tio n s
M a x i ­ A v e r ­ M in i­
m um
m um
age
c o n tr i­ e m ­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n p l o y e r b u tio n
r e ­ c o n tri­ r e ­
p o r te d b u tio n 6 p o r te d

C o m b in e d fu n d s 3

M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

A v e r - M in i­
m um
age
e m ­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r b u tio n
c o n tr i­ r e ­
b u tio n 6 p o rte d

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d by
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c if ie d fu n d s 5

O th e r 4

M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

A v e r­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

M in i ­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
c o n t r i ­ A ll I n s u r ­ P e n ­ V a c a ­ C o m ­
b in e d O th e r 4
b u tio n b e n e fit a n c e s io n s tio n s
funds 3
fu n d s 1
re ­
p o r te d

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ....................... ..... __
C o m m e r c i a l __________________
C a r p e n te r s .
C o m m e r c ia l
__ __
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
5 s to r ie s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




212
212
237
241

212
212
242
242

65
65
74
74

65
65
70
74

65
65
74
74

95
95

70
70
95
95

70
70
95
95

50
50
-

50
50
-

50
50
-

70
70

70
70

70
70

27
27
2
2

27
27
2
2

27
27
3
3

98
100
99
100

98
100
99
100

98
100
99
100

98
100
-

99
100

98
100
99
100

241
241
240
29 3
29 3

241
241
237
293
293

241
241
241
293
293

74
74
73
90
90

74
74
70
90
90

74
74
74
90
90

95
95
95
120
120

95
95
95
120
120

95
95
95
120
120

80
80

80
80

80
80

70
70
70
-

70
70
70
-

70
70
70
-

2
2
2
3
3

2
2
2
3
3

2
2
2
3
3

98
100
100
99
100

98
100
100
99
100

98
100
100
99
100

99
100

98
100
100
-

98
100
100
99
100

29 3
293
293
172
172

293
293
293
172
172

293
293
293
172
172

90
90
90
40
40

90
90
90
40
40

90
90
90
40
40

120
120
120
85
85

120
120
120
85
85

120
120
120
85
85

80
80
80
-

80
80
80
-

80
80
80
-

-

-

-

3
3
3
47
47

3
3
3
47
47

3
3
3
47
47

100
100
100
96
97

100
100
100
96
97

100
100
100
96
97

100
100
100
-

-

100
100
100
96
97

172

172

172

40

40

40

85

85

85

-

-

-

-

-

-

47

47

47

87

87

87

-

-

87

59
335
345
316
345
345

59
227
341
227
345
345

59
351
351
345
345
345

35
86
86
85
86
86

35
79
85
79
86
86

35
88
88
86
86
86

23
137
138
137
138
138

23
126
136
126
138
138

23
140
140
138
138
138

-

-

-

I ll
112
108
112
112

79
111
79
112
112

116
114
116
112
112

2
8
9
8
9
9

2
3
9
3
9
9

2
9
9
9
9
9

100
99
99
100
80
95

100
99
99
100
80
95

100
98
99
97
80
95

-

94
99
85
80
95

100
95
99
87
80
95

345
172
147

345
138
138

345
241
241

86
48
39

86
35
35

86
74
74

138
65
54

138
50
50

138
95
95

50
50

50
50

50
50

112
70
70

112
70
70

112
70
70

9
2
3

9
2
2

9
3
3

64
97
94

64
97
94

64
97
94

65
86

64
32
8

64
97
94

204
275
27 5

138
273
273

241
286
286

60
69
69

35
69
69

74
69
69

79
108
107

50
105
105

95
120
120

50
-

50
-

50
-

70
95
95

70
95
95

70
95
95

2
79
82

2
2
2

3
99
99

100
98
99

100
98
99

100
98
99

36
-

64
20
18

100
98
99

280
259
259
258

273
256
259
256

286
259
259
259

69
73
73
73

69
73
73
73

69
73
73
73

113
98
98
97

105
95
98
95

120
98
98
98

85
85
85

85
85
85

85
85
85

95
-

95
-

95
-

49
3
3
3

2
3
3
3

99
3
3
3

91
99
98
100

91
99
98
100

91
99
98
100

99
98
100

47
-

91
99
98
100

25 7
257
257
257
25 7
257
257
25 7
24 0
240

257
257
257
257
257
257
257
257
240
240

257
257
257
257
257
257
257
257
240
240

75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75

75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75

75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
65
65

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
65
65

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
65
65

-

-

-

30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
100
100

30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
100
100

30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
100
100

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
-

212
212
241
241

212
212
241
241

212
212
241
241

65
65
74
74

65
65
74
74

65
65
74
74

70
70
95
95

70
70
95
95

70
70
95
95

50
50
-

50
50
-

50
50
-

70
70

70
70

70
70

27
27
2
2

27
27
2
2

27
27
2
2

100
100
96
100

100
100
96
100

100
100
96
100

100
100
_

96
100

100
100
96
100

241
241
241

241
241
241

241
241
241

74
74
74

74
74
74

74
74
74

95
95
95

95
95
95

95
95
95

-

-

-

70
70
70

70
70
70

70
70
70

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

92
100
100

92
100
100

92
100
100

92
100
100

'

'

92
100
100

"

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s _____________
C o m m e r c ia l
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e r c ia l
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ___
T ru c k d riv e rs .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y

212
212
241
241

70

-

W
-

Table 116. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.— Continued
( E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d t h e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n ts - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to f u n d s p r o v id in g —
A ll b e n e f it fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

196

A p p r e n ti c e s — C o n tin u e d
r.p m p n t m a sn n a
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E l e c t r i c i a n s _____ ..
C o m m e r c i a l __________________
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an
5 s t o r i e s ) ___________________
P ip e fitte rs _
C o m m e r c ia l __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ___
P l u m b e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l . __ ____________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
5 s t o r i e s ) ___________________
R o o f e r s __________________________
C o m m e r c i a l __________________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s .
. _____
C o m m e r c i a l __________ ___ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
5 s t o r i e s ) ___________________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o r k e r s
( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __
_ __ ___
H e lp e rs and la b o re rs :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s . . _________
C o m m e r c i a l __________________
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s __
C o m m e r c ia l _ _ __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s
---.
o r m o re )
'
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
5 s to r ie s ) . _
. . .
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y __________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s ' h e lp e r s
( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) _________ ____
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll
r e s id e n tia l, le s s th a n
5 s to r ie s ) .
_
_____
_

A v e r - M in i ­
m um
age
e m ­ c o n tr i­
p l o y e r b u tio n
c o n tri­ r e ­
b u tio n 6 p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i b u t ion
re ­
p o r te d

A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

M in i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

V a c a tio n s

P e n s io n s

In su ra n c e
M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

A v e r ­ M in i­
age
m um
e m ­ c o n tr i ­
p lo y e r b u tio n
c o n tr i­ r e ­
bution 6 p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re­
p o r te d

A ver age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

C o m b in e d fu n d s 3

M in i­ M a x i ­ A v e r - M in i ­
m um
m um
m um
age
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­ e m ­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n b u tio n p l o y e r b u tio n
re ­
r e ­ c o n tr i­ r e ­
p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 6 p o r te d

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by
orviT\1 Atrnr r*r»nf riK nf inn a f a
s p e c if ie d fu n d s 5

O th e r 4

M a x i ­ A v e r - M in i ­
m um
m um
age
c o n tr i­ e m ­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n p lo y e r b u tio n
r e ­ c o n tr i- r e ­
p o r te d c u tio n 6 p o r te d

M a x i­
m um
A ll
c o n triIn su r­ P en ­ V aca­ C om ­
b e n e fit
b in e d O th e r 4
b u t ion
a n c e sio n s t io n s
funds 1
funds 3
re ­
p o r te d

2 93
29 3
168
169

293
29 3
167
167

293
293
170
170

90
90
40
40

90
90
40
40

90
90
40
40

120
120
81
82

120
120
80
80

120
120
83
83

80
80
-

80
80
"

80
80
-

-

"

~

3
3
47
47

3
3
47
47

3
3
47
47

100
100
95
96

100
100
95
96

100
100
95
96

100
100
*

-

100
100
95
96

168
22 8
224
232
224
235

167
138
138
138
138
138

170
326
326
321
321
321

40
60
56
63
56
59

40
35
35
35
35
35

40
81
81
80
80
80

81
96
90
101
90
94

80
55
55
55
55
55

83
130
130
129
129
129

-

-

-

78
73
83
73
76

45
45
45
45
45

106
106
104
104
104

47
6
6
6
6
6

47
3
4
3
4
4

47
8
8
8
8
8

78
90
80
100
60
100

78
90
80
100
60
100

78
90
80
100
60
100

-

77
80
75
60
100

78
90
80
100
60
100

21 9
138
138
2 43
242

138
138
138
191
224

321
241
138
263
263

55
35
35
69
69

35
35
35
69
69

80
74
35
69
69

87
50
50
105
105

55
50
50
105
105

129
95
50
120
105

50
50
-

50
50
-

71
70
-

45
70
-

104
70
-

"

“

4
2
3
2
50

8
3
3
89
89

42
100
100
91
96

42
100
100
91
96

42
100
100
91
96

42
1
-

“

6
3
3
68
68

99
100
-

"

_

50
50
-

42
100
100
91
96

240

191

25 4

69

69

69

108

105

120

-

-

-

-

-

-

63

2

80

56

56

56

-

-

56

2 59

259

259

73

73

73

98

98

98

85

85

85

-

-

-

3

3

3

85

85

85

85

-

85

245
245
245
245

245
245
185
245

245
245
245
245

65
65
65
65

65
65
5
65

65
65
65
65

135
135
135
135

135
135
135
135

135
135
135
135

35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
10
10

10
10
10
10

10
10
10
10

96
100
99
99

96
100
99
99

96
100
99
99

96
100
99
99

-

96
100
99
99

-

-

24 5

245

245

65

65

65

135

135

135

35

35

35

-

-

-

10

10

10

73

73

73

73

-

73

245
245
245

185
245
245

245
245
245

65
65
65

5
65
65

65
65
65

135
135
135

135
135
135

135
135
135

35
35
35

35
35
35

35
35
35

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

10
10
10

98
100
100

98
100
100

98
100
100

98
100
100

-

-

10
10
10

-

98
100
100

59

59

59

35

35

35

23

23

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

100

100

100

-

-

100

25 5

179

345

64

45

86

102

72

138

6

5

9

14

14

14

14

14

1 E x c lu d e s l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d p l a n s . In i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c if ie d e m p lo y e r p a y m e n ts
h o l id a y s , e tc . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr i b u ti o n s . A lth o u g h s u r v e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h i s a r e a .
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y i n c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 F u n d s t h a t p r o v id e f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f b e n e f i ts , s u c h a s i n s u r a n c e and p e n s io n s , o r i n s u r a n c e a n d v a c a t i o n s .
4 I n c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i te m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip t r a i n i n g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
5 A ll w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
4 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a t i n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e r e d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n fu n d s.
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




"

to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n s o r

W h e r e b e n e fit i n fo r m a tio n is r e p o r t e d , it is lim it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in t a b l e 1.

Table 117. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Miami, Fla.
( E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s -----------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l
....
..
— -----R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ _______

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e
c o n tr i ­ e m p lo y e r
e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5

197

139
139
136
167
167
167
95
95
118
118
111
141

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
35
35
35
56
57
57
57
68
68
55
55
55
55

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
38
38
35
56
57
57
57
68
68
55
55
55
55

45
45
45
30
30
30
30
30
45
45
45
45
29
29
29
80
95
95
95
25
25
53
53
40
40

45
45
45
30
30
30
30
30
45
45
45
45
29
29
29
80
95
95
95
25
25
53
53
40
40

45
45
45
30
30
30
30
30
45
45
45
45
29
29
29
80
95
95
95
25
25
53
53
40
40

70
70
70
70
70
70

70
70
70
70
70
70

70
70
70
70
70
70

35
35
35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35
35
35

35
35
35
35
35
35

76
76
76
76
104
94
167
167
167
95
95
118
118

76
76
76
76
79
79
167
167
167
95
95
118
118

76
76
76
76
139
139
167
167
167
95
95
118
118

45
45
45
45
25
26
57
57
57
68
68
55
55

45
45
45
45 •
18
18
57
57
57
68
6S
55
55

45
45
45
45
35
35
57
57
57
68
68
55
55

30
30
30
30
26
26
95
95
95
25
25
53
53

30
30
30
30
24
24
95
95
95
25
25
53
53

30
30
30
30
29
29
95
95
95
25
25
53
53

IV)

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __ _
. ____ ____ ___
C o m m e r c ia l
___ ______ __ __ ___
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _________________________
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s __________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _________________________
A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s . . . .
— — ___ _ _ __
C o m m e r c i a l ____ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ __ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . ___ __
E l e c t r i c i a n s 6 . __ _. ------- ----------------------C o m m e r c i a l . _. _. ._ -------------------P lu m b e rs ___________ ___
__________
C o m m e r c i a l ____ ____ . „
-----------------R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an 5 s to r ie s ) — .. —
R o o f e r s .........
C o m m e r c i a l ___ _________
___ ____ __
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s . . ____ — -----------------C o m m e r c ia l __ ____ ____________________




M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n 5
re p o rte d
r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
35
35
35
56
57
57
57
68
68
55
55
55
55

R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ------------- ----------C e m e n t m a s o n s _______________________________
C o m m e r c ia l. _
______ _____ _____
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __________
E l e c t r i c i a n s 6 __ .
— ___
__________ ___
C o m m e rc ia l
— _ ________ . . --------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ...................
P i p e f i t t e r s -------------------------- -------P l u m b e r s __ ____ ______
___ ____ ___
C o m m e rc ia l . .
. __________ _______
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------R o o fe rs
___ _
•----------- ---------------C o m m e r c ia l..
— —
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s . . ---------- ------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs . . . .
. . ___ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by
e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to
s p e c if ie d fu n d s 4

O th e r 3

P e n s io n s

90
90
90
76
76
76
76
76
90
90
90
90
147
147
139
144
167
167
167
95
95
118
118
141
141

90
90
90
76
76
76
76
76
90
90
90
90

90
90
90
76
76
76
76
76
90
90
90
90
139
139
139
142
167
167
167
95
95
118
118
138
141

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .

In su ran ce

A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1

1
1
1
1
1
13
13
13
8
15
15
15
2
2
10
10
45
46

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

1
1
1
1
1
-

13
13
13
8
15
15
15
2
2
10
10
16
46

M a x im u m
A ll
c o n tr i­
b e n e fit
b u tio n
fu n d s 1
re p o rte d

In su r­
ance

Pen­
s io n s

1
1
1
1
1
14
14
13
8
15
15
15
2
2
10
10
46
46

61
95
29
69
94
82
37
70
82
100
100
82
76
100
2
100
56
93
11
46
87
86
17
76
71

61
95
29
69
94
82
37
70
82
100
100
82
76
100
2
100
56
93
11
45
87
86
17
76
71

61
95
29
69
94
82
37
70
82
100
100
82
76
100
2
100
56
93
11
45
87
86
17
76
71

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

39
100
50
51
100
40

39
100
50
51
100
40

39
100
50
51
100
40

1
1
1
1
8
8
15
15
15
2
2
10
10

1
1
1
1
7
7
15
15
15
2
2
10
10

1
1
1
1
13
13
15
15
15
2
2
10
10

100
100
100
100
60
100
50
100
10
40
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
59
100
50
100
10
40
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
59
100
50
100
10
40
100
100
100

-

O th e r 3

69
94
82
37
70
-

76
100
2
78
56
93
11
45
87
86
17
76
71

-

-

100
100
100
100
59
100
50
100
10
40
100
100
100

Table 117. Employer contributions to specified union funds: M iam i, Fla.— Continued
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e f it fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p r o v id in g —
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1

In su ran ce

P e n s io n s

P e rc e n t of w o rk e rs c o v e re d by
e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to
s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 4

O th e r3

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
e m p lo y e r c o n tr i­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­ e m p lo y e r c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­ e m p lo y e r c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i ­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr ib u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d
r e p o r t e d b u t io n 5 r e p o r t e d
re p o rte d
>ution 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

198

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ____ _ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E l e c t r i c i a n s 'h e l p e r s 6
__ ...... .........................
C o m m e r c ia l
__
__ ___ ______________

84
85
85
85
65
102
102

40
85
85
85
40
92
92

85
85
85
85
85
108
108

20
20
20
20
20
24
24

20
20
20
20
20
21
21

20
20
20
20
20
26
26

30
30
30
30
30
26
26

30
30
30
30
30
25
25

30
30
30
30
30
27
27

35
35
35
35
28
9
9

20
35
35
35
20
8
8

35
35
35
35
35
10
10

A ll
b e n e f it
fu n d s 1

50
86
77
30
15
15
100

In su r­
ance

50
86
77
30
15
15
100

Pen­
s io n s

49
86
77
30
8
15
100

O th e r3

50
86
77
30
15
15
100

E x c l u d e s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s . In i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c i f ie d e m p l o y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n s o r
h o l id a y s , e t c . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr i b u ti o n s . A lth o u g h s u r v e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h is a r e a .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c tio n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c l u d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip tr a i n in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
4 A l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
* E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a t i n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e r e d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n fu n d s .
A v e r a g e e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s o f 62 c e n ts p e r h o u r to v a c a tio n fu n d s, n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y , w e r e p r o v id e d to 76 p e r c e n t o f th e e l e c t r i c i a n s . A v e r a g e c o n tr ib u tio n s o f 4 4 c e n ts p e r h o u r to
t h is fu n d w e r e p r o v id e d to 59 p e r c e n t o f th e e l e c t r i c i a n s ' a p p r e n t ic e s , a n d 4 3 c e n ts p e r h o u r w e r e p r o v id e d to 15 p e r c e n t o f th e e l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e fit i n f o r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d , i t i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in ta b l e

1.

Table 118. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y.
( E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r

1973)

C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
A ll b e n e fit fun d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A v er­
ag e
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

J o u rn e y m e n :
__ ___
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l™ ______
C a r p e n te r s .
_ __
_
__ _
C o m m e r c ia l ___________
_
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ..
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n .. .
---_ __
C em ent m aso n s _
C o m m e r c ia l* —
____
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n —
__ __
E le c tr ic ia n s
_____
_ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l_______ ____ ,
_ _ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) —
P ip e fitte rs .
C o m m e r c ia l
P lu m b e rs . _ —
C o m m e r c ia l* ___________
—
—
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _

In su ra n c e

M a x i­
M in i­
A v e r­
M a x i­
M in i­
m um
m um
m um
age
m um
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n b u tio n p lo y e r
b u tio n b u tio n
re­
re­
c o n tr i ­
re­
re­
p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 5 p o r te d p o r te d

V a c a tio n s

O th e r 3

A v e r­
M in i­
M a x i­
age
m um
m um
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r
b u tio n b u tio n
c o n tr i­
re­
re­
b u tio n 5 p o r te d p o r te d

A v er­
M in iM a x i­
age
m um
m um
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r
b u tio n b u tio n
c o n tr i­
re­
re­
b u tio n 5 p o r te d p o r te d

A v e r­
M in i­
M a x i­
m um
age
m um
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r
b u tio n b u tio n
c o n tr i­
re­
re­
b u tio n 5 p o r te d p o r te d

403
403
285
277
288
288
343
343
343
231
249
39
387
385
273
278
247
309
316
294
333
333

145
145
285
285
285
285
343
343
343
36
248
36
355
355
237
237
237
285
285
285
163
163

414
414
291
291
391
291
344
343
344
261
261
45
455
405
338
338
254
339
339
331
351
351

77
77
87
92
84
87
95
95
95
54
57
22
61
61
52
51
52
63
57
76
56
56

40
40
80
80
80
80
95
95
95
22
57
22
61
61
50
50
50
50
50
60
56
56

78
78
105
105
105
105
95
95
95
60
60
22
61
61
55
55
55
105
105
80
58
58

293
293
122
110
126
134
145
145
145
111
120
17
198
198
84
87
60
148
158
125
156
156

70
70
94
94
94
94
145
145
145
14
119
14
198
198
57
57
57
94
94
114
96
96

302
302
148
148
148
148
146
145
145
126
126
23
198
198
141
141
64
183
183
170
165
165

_

_

87
87
111
112
107
91
93
84
106
106

S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y — __,
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ..

272
233
279
272
271
243
243
243

106
106
279
271
271
241
242
241

281
281
279
275
271
245
245
245

58
58
59
51
51
73
73
73

50
50
59
48
51
73
73
73

61
61
59
54
51
73
73
73

93
83
95
95
95
158
158
158

50
50
95
95
95
158
158
158

95
95
95
140
95
158
158
158

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s
— __
__
--------- _
C o m m e r c ia l — _
__ — ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s )__
E le c tr ic ia n s . . .
.
_
C o m m e r c ia l —
.
_ ______ __
P ip e fitte rs
____ __ _
__ _
C o m m e r c ia l .
P l u m b e r s ________
—
C o m m e r c ia l—
___ ______________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ._
____
C o m m e r c ia l .
__
_______

287
285
288
136
160
326
326
191
192
271
269

285
285
285
30
79
249
249
149
149
192
192

291
285
291
206
206
366
366
226
226
322
322

83
84
82
34
37
45
45
42
43
44
45

80
80
80
18
18
24
24
30
30
38
38

105
105
85
48
48
52
52
55
55
50
50

126
111
130
64
77
169
169
38
38
125
124

94
94
114
8
38
130
130
29
29
81
81

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s _________________
C o m m e r c ia l .
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s .
_
__ _
C o m m e r c ia l — _
„ ____ __ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

196
196
207
212
208
202
202

193
193
193
193
200
200
200

216
216
220
216
211
216
220

68
68
63
62
62
63
63

62
62
62
62
62
62
62

69
69
117
69
63
69
117

115
115
72
82
77
64
64

83
83
63
63
63
63
63

R o o f e r s ------C o m m e r c ia l

_
.

_____
... .

R e s i d e n t i a l ( le s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) „
S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs _ _
____
C o m m e r c ia l . _
_
____

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by e m p lo y e r
c o n tr ib u tio n s to s p e c if ie d f u n d s 4

P e n s io n s

30
30
68
73
67
59
100
100
100
48
48

30
30
50
50
50
50
100
100
100
48
48

A ll
b e n e f it
fu n d s 1

In su r­
ance

Pen­
s io n s

94
96
73
97
64
100
100
100
100
94
99
61
100
100
64
83
27
74
74
74
87
87

94
96
73
97
64
100
100
100
100
94
99
61
100
100
64
83
27
74
74
74
87
87

199

_

_

_

87
87
91
91
91
63
63
80
106
106

30
30
80
80
80
80
100
100
100
50
50
_
87
87
120
120
120
100
100
100
106
106

11
10
27
27
27
8
8
9
24
24

10
10
27
27
27
1
1
1
10
10

60
10
27
27
27
43
43
11
25
25

94
96
73
97
64
100
100
100
100
94
99
61
100
100
64
83
27
74
74
74
87
87

100
100
100
100
100
_
_
-

100
100
100
85
100
_
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
_
_
-

24
20
25
25
25
12
12
11

6
6
25
2
25
10
10
10

25
25
25
25
25
13
13
13

100
100
100
100
100
95
100
85

100
100
100
100
100
95
100
85

148
114
148
99
99
181
181
64
64
152
152

68
79
66
31
31
65
65
88
89
81
80

50
75
50
15
15
35
35
64
64
52
52

80
80
80
40
40
74
74
120
120
98
98

10
11
10
15
15
10
10
23
23
21
21

6
11
8
8
8
10
10
17
17
19
19

11
11
11
20
20
10
10
27
27
22
22

45
100
36
95
100
100
100
39
89
100
100

120
120
120
120
83
83
101

66
66
71
67
69
75
74

66
66
66
66
66
66
66

66
66
75
75
75
75
75

5
5
5
5
_
5
5

5
5
2
5
_
5
2

5
5
5
5

100
100
90
97
16
100
95

4
4
10
10
10
8
4
4
4
24
24

4
4
2
2
8
5
3
4
4
24
24

5
5
11
11
11
11
5
4
5
25
25

V aca­
t io n s

O th e r 3

94
96
73
97
64
100
100
100
100
86
99

94
96
73
97
64
100
100
100
100
86
99

100
100
64
83
27
74
74
74
80
80

100
100
64
83
27
74
74
74
87
87

100
100
100
100
100
95
100
85

96
73
100
100
100
.

100
100
100
100
100
95
100
85

45
100
36
95
100
100
100
39
89
100
100

45
100
36
95
100
100
100
39
89
100
100

45
100
36
77
100
100
100
39
89
100
100

45
100
36
77
100
100
100
39
89
95
94

100
100
90
97
16.
100
95

100
100
90
97
16
100
95

12
12
89
96
16
100
95

100
100
36
85

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to r

C o m m e r c ia l____
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y —
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y

_
_ _ _
__
___ __ .

T ru ck d riv e rs

_

5
5

_

1
7

E x c lu d e s l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d p l a n s . In i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c if ie d e m p lo y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n o r
h o l id a y s , e t c . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr i b u ti o n s . A lth o u g h s u rv e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h i s a r e a .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
3 I n c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip t r a i n in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
4 A l l w o r k e r s ( u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
5 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n fu n d s.
6 A v e r a g e e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n o f 39 c e n ts p e r h o u r to c o m b in e d f u n d s , n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y , w e r e p r o v id e d to 79 p e r c e n t o f th e p i p e f i t t e r s . A v e r a g e c o n tr ib u tio n s o f 40 c e n ts p e r h o u r w e r e
p r o v id e d to 92 p e r c e n t o f th e p i p e f i t t e r s ' a p p r e n t ic e s , a n d 22 c e n ts p e r h o u r to 6 p e r c e n t o f th e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ' a p p r e n t ic e s . C o m b in e d fu n d s p r o v id e f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f b e n e f i ts , s u c h a s
i n s u r a n c e a n d p e n s io n s , o r i n s u r a n c e a n d v a c a tio n s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e fit i n fo r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d , i t i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n and n o n u n io n ) in t a b le 1.

Table 119. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Newark, N.J.
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d t h e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d by
f>mnlov«r ron trih u tion a to
spec:ifie d fun d s 4

C e n ts -p e r -h o u r e m p lo y e r co n trib u tio n to funds providing-

O c c u p a tio n 2 and type
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

200

J o u r n e y m en :
B r ic k la y e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c ia l ) ____________ —
C a r p e n t e r s __
_ __ ----------------- — — —
C o m m e r c ia l____
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ „ __
C e m e n t m a s o n s _ __ __ _ __ _. __ — __ _.
C o m m e r c i a l.. __ __ __ __________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s 6 __ __ __ _ _____ — ._ -_ —
C o m m e r c ia l__ __ __ __ __ __ __ _ __ __
P ip e f it t e r s
__ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ __ ~ —
C o m m e r c i a l.. __ __ __ ____ — __ __ —
P lu m b e r s
_ __ __ __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l.. _ __ __ ____ — — — —
R e s id e n tia l ( l e s s than 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------R o o fe r s _____
____ ______ __ — _ __ —
C o m m e r c ia l____
_ __ __
S h e e t -m e ta l w o r k e r s ____
_ __ _ ------- —
C o m m e r c ia l,,
S tr u c tu r a l ir o n w o r k e r s _
____ — — — —
C o m m e r c ia l
__ — _ __ _ __ — - —

A ll b e n e fit funds 1
A v e r ­ MiruT" M a x im um
m um
age
e m ­ c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r bution bution
re­
c o n t r i­
re­
bution 5 p o r ted p o r ted

92
118
119
94
94
174
174
22 0
22 0
227
227
220
120
120
146
146
363
363

40
61
113
60
60
69
69
199
199
199
199
220
120
120
12
12
363
363

111
288
288
111
111
220
220
250
250
250
250
220
120
120
174
174
363
363

A ver­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
bution 5

50
56
56
48
48
41
41
52
52
46
46
40
70
70
44
44
62
62

M in i: " M a x i­
m um
m um
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
bution bution
re­
re­
p orted p o r ted

35
54
54
35
35
20
20
40
40
40
40
40
70
70
35
35
62
62

60
85
85
60
60
48
48
55
55
59
59
40
70
70
48
48
62
62

M a x i­
M in i­
A ver­
m um
m um
age
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
bution
p lo y e r bution
re­
c o n tr i­
re­
bution 5 p o r ted p o r ted

41
57
57
41
41
39
39
64
64
79
79
90
50
50
41
41
202
202

25
54
54
25
25
29
29
53
53
62
62
90
50
50
35
35
202
202

O ther 3

V a c a tio n s

P e n s io n s

In su ra n ce

45
148
148
45
45
48
48
90
90
90
90
90
50
50
46
46
202
202

A ver­
a ge
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
bution 5

50
50
95
95
90
90
88
88
75
69
69
88
88

M in i­
M a x i­
m um
m um
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
bution bution
re­
re­
p o rted p o r ted

50
50
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
34
34
88
88

'

A ver­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tion 5

M in i­
M axi­
m um
m um
A ll
In su r­
c o n tr i­ c o n t r i­
b e n e fit
ance
b ution b ution
funds 1
re­
re­
p o r ted p o r ted

V aca­
O th e r 3
tio n s

6
5
5
5
5
1
1
13
13
4
4
15
7
7
11

6
5
5
6
6
26
26
20
20
20
20
15
13
13
11

1
1

1
1

.
-

86
91
85
85
52
“

85
85
85
85
42
“

96
96
85
85
78
-

100
88
92
79
79
77
79
100
100
59
99
3
49
57
71
91
100
100

100
88
92
79
79
77
79
100
100
59
99
3
49
57
70
89
100
100

91
87
. 92
79
79
77
79
100
100
59
99
3
49
57
70
89
100
100

80
44
100
90
84
61
63
37

6
5
5
6
6
18
18
14
14
14
14
15
10
10
11
11

50
50
95
95
100
100
101
101
75
74
74
88
88

P en­
s io n s

80
44
100
90
84
61
63
37

78
44
100
85
84
61
63
37

_
-

78
44
100
85
84
~

1
2
31
31
100
100
59
99
3
55
69
100
100

78
88
92
71
71
77
79
100
100
59
99
3
71
91
100
100

E q u ip m en t o p e r a to r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e r a to r s
______ — —
C o m m e r c i a l..
—
_ — - — — —
S t r e e t and h ig h w a y ------------------------------------O th er h e a v y c o n s tr u c t io n -------------------------B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s — _
- — - ------- —
T r u c k d r i v e r s -------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l- — . . -- — — — — — —
O th er h e a v y c o n s tr u c t io n --------------------------

25 6
277
26 0
250
189
88
90
70

72
260
260
72
17S
90
90
90

294
294
260 .
260
237
118
90
90

73
77
72
72
56
41
39
39

72
72
72
72
56
39
39
39

81
81
72
72
66
55
39
39

104
109
103
103
81
52
51
51

103
103
103
103
80
51
51
51

116
116
103
103
94
63
51
51

A p p r e n tic e s :
E le c tr ic ia n s 4
______
— — — — . — —
C o m m e r c i a l.. ------- __ - ._ _. . . — —
P ip e fit te r s
_ ____ — — - — — — — —
C o m m e r c i a l.. . . — —
. .. .. — —
S h e e t -m e ta l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l------------------------------------------------

136
136
133
133
11 0
106

122
122
120
120
50
50

153
153
160
160
174
174

30
30
32
32
28
27

25
25
27
20
20

34
34
36
36
46
46

29
29
37
37
28
26

20
20
32
32
17
17

39
39
43
43
46
46

69
69
56
56
45
43

66
66
53
53
31
31

75
75
71
71
74
74

u
li
8
8
10
11

1
1
8
8
8
8

18
18
11
11
31
31

79
100
100
100
100
100

79
100
100
100
100
100

79
100
100
100
100
100

36
46
100
100
100
96

79
100
100
100
100
100

H e lp e r s and la b o r e r s :
C o n str u c tio n l a b o r e r s -----------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l __ __
. . . .
------- . . . .
S t r e e t and h ig h w a y .. _ ..................................
O ther h e a v y c o n s tr u c t io n --------------------------

93
90
106
98

70
70
105
90

110
110
110
110

45
45
43
46

30
30
41
41

55

43
39
58
46

25
25
50
40

59
59
59
59

-

-

-

5
5
5
5

5
5
5
5

5
5
5
5

92
93
90
91

92
93
90
91

92
93
90
91

-

90
90
90
91

27

55
55
55

- .
“

“

_

i
Excludes le g a lly req u ired plans. In instances where the labor-m anagem ent agreem ent does not set up a union adm inistered fund, specified em ployer payments to employees fo r vacations or
holidays, etc^ w ere considered fund contributions. Although surveyed, em ployer contributions to holiday funds w ere not provided in this area.
* O v e ra ll occupation m ay include data fo r w orkers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
3 Includes funds fo r such item s as dental care, apprenticeship training, education, and industry advancement.
4 A ll w o rkers (union and nonunion) in a given occupation equal 100.
5 Em ployee weighted average relating only to employees covered by contributions to union funds.
6 A verage em ployer contributions of 97 cents per hour to combined funds, not shown separately, w ere provided to 32 percent of the electrician s. Average contributions of 65 cents per hour were
provided to 43 percent of the e le c tric ia n s ' apprentices. Combined funds provide fo r a combination of benefits, such as insurance and pensions, o r insurance and vacations.
NO TE :

Dashes indicate no data reported.




W here benefit inform ation is reported, it is lim ite d to those occupations fo r which wage data are shown fo r a ll w o rkers (union and nonunion) in table 1.

Table 120. Employer contributions to specified union funds: New York, N.Y.
(E m p lo y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr ib u tio n s fo r e m p lo y e e s b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n and th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s to funds p r o v id in g —
O cc u p a tio n 2 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

P e n s io n s

I n su r a n c e

A ll b e n e fit funds 1

M in im u m
A verage
M axim um
M in im um
A verage
A verage
M ax im u m
M inim um
co n trib u tio n
e m p lo y e r
co n trib u tio n co n trib u tio n
e m p lo y e r
e m p lo y e r
contribution c o n trib u tio n
co n trib u tio n 6 r e p o r te d
r e p o r te d
c o n trib u tio n 6 rep o rted
co n trib u tio n 6 r e p o r te d
r e p o r te d

V a c a tio n s
M axim u m
M in im u m
A verage
co n trib u tio n
co n trib u tio n
e m p lo y e r
r e p o r te d
c o n trib u tio n 6 r e p o r te d

M axim um
c on trib u tion
r ep o rted

201

Journeymen:
B ric k la y e rs ----------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l___- ___________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------C arp enters------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------R e s id e n tia l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------O th er h e a v y c o n s tr u c t io n -------------------------C em en t m a s o n s _______________________________
C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
S t r e e t and h ig h w a y -----------------------------------E le c tr ic ia n s ----------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------P i p e f i t t e r s ------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------P lu m b e rs 7 -----------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------R e s id e n tia l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------R o o f e r s -----------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
S h e e t -m e ta l w o r k e r s --------------------------- ---------C o m m e r c ia l----------------------------------------------S tr u c tu r a l ir o n w o r k e r s --------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l-----------------------------------------------

403
400
414
287
286
289
27 9
292
338
340
304
267
26 6
270
362
361
405
124
118
123
178
316
316
166
166
379
380

300
300
414
235
235
263
235
235
36
300
203
45
45
193
82
82
405
43
43
89
122
339
339
163
163
283
283

414
4 14
41 4
295
293
293
289
295
344
343
344
311
311
293
405
405
405
25 4
254
218
218
346
346
345
345
382
382

77
77
78
84
84
84
83
85
94
93
90
47
47
46
60
60
61
54
51
56
56
51
51
57
57
65
65

54
54
78
75
75
75
75
85
54
54
70
22
22
35
52
52
61
27
27
56
56
50
50
45
45
65
65

78
78
78
105
85
85
105
85
95
95
95
68
68
52
85
85
61
56
56
56
56
54
54
59
59
65
65

287
283
302
144
144
146
136
148
144
145
135
111
111
112
164
163
198
60
51
68
68
183
183
59
59
196
196

150
150
302
94
110
110
94
148
106
145
100
19
19
61
25
25
198
19
19
68
68
183
183
58
58
196
196

302
302
302
148
148
148
148
148
154
154
150
136
136
119
198
198
198
68
68
68
68
183
183
162
162
196
196

34
35
30
52
52
51
56
54
99
98
96
60
60
59
87
87
87
90
107
80
80
63
63
39
40
106
106

30
30
30
50
50
50
50
50
70
70
70
48
48
57
87
87
87
80
80
80
80
63
63
38
38
106
106

E q u ip m en t o p e r a to r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e r a t o r s ___________
C o m m e r c ia l________________
S tr e e t and h ig h w a y ------------O th er h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n —
B u lld o z e r o p e r a to r s ___________
C o m m e r c ia l________________
S tr e e t and h ig h w a y ____ -----O th er h e a v y c o n s tr u c t io n __
T r u c k d r iv e r s __________________
C o m m e r c ia l________________
S tr e e t and h i g h w a y ________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c t io n __

235
260
221
222
200
203
200
188
238
250
204
251

177
177
183
181
168
168
183
172
109
109
109
251

29 4
294
27 7
277
280
280
27 3
201
256
256
251
251

56
51
57
58
52
52
49
52
66
52
66

47
48
48
47
48
48
48
48
34
34
34

72
70
72
72
65
65
56
56
70
70
70

91
120
78
78
64
58
67
66
70
70
70

47
48
48
47
48
48
48
48
70
70
70

140
140
140
140
138
92
138
80
70
70
70

71
70
70
70
70
70
70
70
-

70
70
70
70
70
70
70
70
~
•

100
70
70
70
70
70
70
70
■
■

A p p r e n tic e s :
B r ic k la y e r s ___________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------C a r p e n te r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ---------------C em en t m a s o n s _______________________________
C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________

403
398
414
287
286
290
193
193
161
165
155

300
300
414
235
263
288
189
189
68
68
68

414
414
414
298
29 8
293
193
193
29 8
298
29 8

77
77
78
85
84
85
95
95
26
27
24

70
70
78
75
75
85
95
95
12
12
12

78
78
78
105
85
85
95
95
68
68
68

287
280
302
144
143
148
95
95
61
63
58

150
150
302
94
no
148
95
95
21
21
21

302
302
302
148
148
148
95
95
136
136
136

34
36
30
52
52
50
30
30
30

30
30
30
50
50
50
20
20
20

70
70
70
75
67
50
93
85
85

See footnotes at end of table.




100
100
30
75
67
67
75
56
100
100
100
93
93
93
105
105
87
120
120
80
80
63
63
105
105
106
106

Table 120. Employer contributions to specified union funds: New York, N.Y.— Continued
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e s b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n and t h e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d
bv errm lover c o n trib u tio n s
to s p e c if ie d funds 5

C e n ts -p e r -h o u r em p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s to funds p r o v id in g —
O ccu p a tio n 2 and ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c tio n

O th er 4

C om bined funds 3
M inim um
A verage
e m p lo y e r contribution
r ep o rted
co n trib u tio n 6

M in im um
A verage
M axim um
e m p lo y e r co n trib u tio n
contribution
co n trib u tio n 6 r e p o r t ed
rep o rted

J o u r n e y m en :

C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l ( l e s s than 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

_
_
231
231

_
_
230
230

230
230
36

230
230
36
_

230
230
36

43
44
40
52
52
50
85
84
86
86
43
43

40
40
40
50
50
50
43
43
86
86
42
42

85
85
40
83
83
50
86
86
86
86
45
45
-

283
283

283
283

283
283

88
88
88
88

88
88
_
_
88
88

_
251
251
251
251

_
251
251
251
251

88
88
_
_
88
88
_
_
251
251
251
251

_
_
230

_
_
230

230
-

_
42
44
40

_
_
40
40
40

-

235
235

-

S tr e e t and h ig h w a y _______________________

202

R e s id e n tia l (5 stn rip.s o r m o re )
P lu m b e r s 7
C o m m e r c ia l
___ ______________
P eoi flenti 1 (•? s t o r i e s o r m o re )
P e n ite n t ia l ( l e s s than 5 s to r ie s )
P o o fe r s
___________
C o m m e r c ia l
...........
S h e e t -m e ta l w o r k e r s _________________ ______
C o m m e r c ia l
__________ _______
S tr u c tu r a l iron w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
_.
E q uipm ent o p e r a to r s :
R a c k -h o e o p e r a to r s
C o m m e r c ia l
S tr e e t and h ig h w a y
........
_ _
_
O th er h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n
R illldow er o p e r a to r s
.
_ .. _
C o m m e r c ia l _
__ __________________
S tr e e t and h ig h w a y
O th er h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n
T rnckd r iv e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
_
S tr e e t and h ig h w a y _______________________
O th er h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n
_ _
A p p r e n tic e s :
B r ic k la y e r s
__
______________________
C o m m e r c ia l ..........
___
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re)
C a r p e n te r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l_______________________________
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re ) _
C em en t m a s o n s . ____________________________
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_ _ _________________
E le c tr ic ia n s .
_
_____________ .
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




_

-

85
85
40

M axim um
co n trib u tio n
r e p o r te d

10
10
4
11

A ll
b e n e fit
funds 1

In su r a n c e

100
100
100
97
99
100
72
100
95
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
99
88
48
76
78
97
100
100
100

100
100
100
97
98
100
69
99
94
92
76
100
100
100
100
100
100
11
8
10
28
65
78
97
100
97
97

100
100
100
97
98
100
69
99
95
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
13
11
10
28
65
78
97
100
97
97

100
100
100
97
98
100
69
99
95
92
100
94
91
100
100
100
100
11
7
10
28
65
78
97
100
97
97

98
100
100
100
75
100
100
100
11
1
42

68
92
64
60
50
77
83
44
-

5
5
4
7
6
8
7
6
4
4
5
15
15
15
12
12
10
5
5
5
9
1
1
10
10
15
15

3
3
4
3
3
4
5
4
3
3
3
4
4
5
10
10
10
3
3
3
3
1
1
9
9
5
5

11
11
6
10
10
10
24
24
17
18
18
10
86
86
14
14
1
1
22
22
15
15

36
17
41
44
27
19
25
39
4
3
5

3
3
17
17
2
2
17
6
1
1
5

85
37
85
85
66
36
66
66
5
5
5

98
100
100
100
75
100
100
100
97
93
100
100

98
100
100
100
75
100
100
100
11
1
42

5
5
4
7
7
7
4
4
7
7
7

4
4
4
4
4
5
4
4
2
2
2

10
10
4

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

11
10
4
4
19
19
12

P e n s io n s

V a c a tio n s

-

100
100
100
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
99
100
100
95
92
100

C om bined
funds 3

"
“
1
4
1
"
91
89
96
78
77
100
78
91
78
20
65
78
3
3

3
8
9
23
86
91
58
100

90
90
90

O ther 4

100
100
100
97
99
100
72
100
95
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
80
89
76
48
65
78
97
100
98
98

98
100
100
100
75
100
100
100
2
2
6

100
100
100
100
100
100
97
91
100
100
100

Table 120. Employer contributions to specified union funds: New York, N.Y.— Continued
( E m p l o y e r cents- p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e s b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n ts -p e r-h o u r em ployer contributions to funds providing—

M inim um
Average
M axim um
M inim um
Average
em ployer contribution
em ployer
contribution contribution
contribution 6 reported
reported
reported
contribution 6

A pprentices— Continued

366
366
158
79
69
158
307
158
158

34
34
41
41
27
43
43

189
189
191
199
197
196
217
203
203

175
175
188
104
104
175
192
142
104

193
193
192

67
67
69
92
84
73
111

107
105

34

H e lp e rs and la b o re rs :

r n m m p r ria l
R esid ential (5 stories o r m o re)---------------R esidential (le s * than 5 stories)
S treet and h ig h w a y _____________________
O ther h f^ v y rnn stmrtir>n
_.

85
85
41
41
33
51
51

50
50
69
17
17
50
69

101

R e sid en tial (less than 5 sto rie s)--------------

M inim um
M axim um
M inim um
M axim um
A verage
M axim um
Average
contribution contribution
em ployer
em ployer contribution contribution
contribution
reported
reported
reported
contribution 6
contribution 6 reported
reported

21
21

296
125
126

95
95
46
46
46
69
293
105
105

242
241
64
59
59

220
220
220
220
220
220

41
41
25
29
29

69
69
69
117
117
117
117
117
117

61

113
112

49
49
183
45
45
117
11 6
12 0
101

104
103
92
96

28
28
49
49
183
38
38

181
181
49
49
183
58
58

51
51
58
58
63
27
27

35
35
58
58
63
18
18

75
75
58
58
63
58
58

83
83

120
120
12 0
120
120
12 0
12 0
101
101

35
35
42
40

35
35
35
35
35
35
50

35
35
75

120

46
46
63
101

46
46

203

O ther 4

M inim um
A verage
M axim um
M inim um
Average
em ployer contribution
contribution cont r ibution
em ployer
contribution 6 reported
reported
contribution 6 reported
A pprentices— Continued
T>ipefitters

....

__
_

O tiT im errial

_ __

'Plumbers 7
Commercial
P^aiilimti^l (*i stories or more)
Residential (less than 5 stories)
Roofers (all commercial)
.
... ..
Sheet -metal workers
. .
Commercial

H e lp e rs and lab o rers:
'Bricklayers * helpers

_

21
_

3

. .

. ..

Commercial

R esidential (5 s to r 'e * or more)
Construction laborers
Commercial

50
50
43
43
43
43

50
50
43
43
43
43
23

._

R e sid en tial (5 sto rie s o r m ore)_
R e sid ential (less than 5 s to rie s ).
Street and highway ...
Cither heavy construction

_____

. .

__
_
___

. . ..............

_
_
3

_

_

_
_

_
_

3

_

_
3

66

45
50

M axim um
contribution
reported

A ll
benefit
funds 1

Insurance

Pensions

Vacations

83
83
43
43
43
43
27
_
_

11
11

10
10

15
15

100
10 0

10 0
10 0

10 0
100

10 0
100

3
3
3

3
3
3
3

11

94
94

4
30

4
30

_
_
3
_
_
.
3

5
5
4
3
4
4

6
1
10
10

2
2
2

1
6
6

4
4
4
1
1
2
2
2
2

66

75
50
50

Percent of w orkers covered
by em ployer contributions
to specif ;ied funds 5

e
Ceiits -p e r-h o u r i m ployer contributions to funds providing—
Combined funds 3

Vacations

Pensions

Insurance

Occupation 1 and type
2
o f construction

3
3

10 0

11
1
12
12

85

4
30

10 0
100
100

10 0
10 0
100

100
100
10 0

10 0
100
10 0

7
7
4
7
7
7

100
10 0
100

100
100
10 0

100
10 0
10 0

8
10

90
95

90
95

90
95

9
15

10 0

10 0

10 0

12

4

19
90

19
90

19
90

4

10 0

10 0

10 0

1

4
3

Combined
funds 3

66

65
89
94
100

55
10 0

~
1

3

Other 4

100
100

71
74
42
85
100
100
100

59
56
64
79
76
100

19
86

97

1 Excludes le g a lly req u ired plans. In instances w here the labor-m anagem ent agreement does not set up a union fund, specified em ployer payments to employees fo r vacations o r holidays, etc.
w e re considered fund contributions.
2 O v e ra ll occupation m ay include data fo r w orkers in type(s) of construction not shown separately.
3 Funds
provide fo r a combination of benefits, such as insurance and pensions, o r insurance and vacations.
4 Includes funds fo r such item s as dental c are, apprenticeship tra in in g , education, and industry advancement.
s A ll w o rk e rs (union and nonunion) in a given occupation equal 100.
4 Em ployee weighted average relating only to employees covered by contributions to union funds.
7
A verage employee contributions o f 33 cents per hour to holiday funds, not shown sep arately, w ere provided to 50 percent of the plum bers. Average contributions of 24 cents p er hour to holiday
funds w e re provided to 67 percent of the plum bers' apprentices.

*

Less than 0.5 p ercent.

NO TE:




nm m Um m

indicate no data reported.

Where benefit ‘inform ation is reported, it is lim ite d to those occupations for which wage data are shown fo r a ll w orkers (union and nonunion) in table 1.

Table 121. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J .
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e , b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
Cents- per-hour em ployer contribution to funds providing—
A ll b enefit fiiinds 1
Occupation 2 and type
of construction

Journeymen:
B r ic k la y e r s __________ _________
C o m m e rc ia l _
R esidential (less than
5 stories)
C arpenters - — _
__ ______
C o m m ercial _ _ _ _ _
R esid ential (5 stories
o r m ore) _
_
R esid ential (less than
5 stories)
. .
S treet and highway__________
O ther heavy construction___
r» m » n f m ^ tn n i
C o m m ercial
Street and highway__________
E le c tric ia n s _ - —
_
C o m m ercial „ __ __ ____
E levato r con structors_________
C o m m e rc ia l________________
P ip e fitte r s __ __ — __ __ _ __
C o m m e rc ia l_
_ __ _
P lu m b e r s __ __ _ _ __ ____
C o m m e rc ia l________________
R esidential (less than
5 stories)_________________
R o o fe rs _______________________
C o m m e rc ia l________________
S h eet-m etal w o r k e r s __________
C o m m e rc ia l________________
Resid ential (less than
5 s to rie s ).. —
S tru ctu ral iro n w o rk e rs —_____
C o m m e rc ia l________________
Equipment operators:
Back-hoe o p e ra to rs .. ___ __
C o m m e rc ia l________________
R esidential (less than
5 stories)_________________
S treet and highway_ _______
_
O ther heavy construction___
B u lldozer o p e ra to r s ___________
C o m m e rc ia l________________
S treet and highway__________
O ther heavy construction___
T r u c k d r iv e r s ___________ ______
C o m m e rc ia l________________
R esidential (less than
5 stories)_________________
Street and highway__________
O ther heavy construction___
Apprentices:
_______ _____
B ric k la y e rs ( a ll c o m m e rc ia l)__
C arpenters _
.. _
_
C o m m e rc ia l_______________
R esidential (less than
5 s to rie s )..
..
.. ..
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




A v e r­
age
em ­
ployer
c o n tri­
bution 6

M in i­
m um
co n tri­
bution
re ­
ported

M a x i­
mum
con tri­
bution
re ­
ported

Insurance
A v e r­
age
em ­
ployer
con tri­
bution*

Pensions

M in i­ M a x i­
mum m um
con tri­ contri­
bution bution
re­
re­
ported ported

A v e r­ M in i­
mum
age
em ­ con tri­
ployer bution
con tri­
re­
bution 6 ported

Vacations

M a x i­
mum
co n tri­
bution
re ­
ported

A v e r­
age
em ­
ployer
con tri­
bution*

Combined funds 3

M in i­ M a x i­
m um m um
co n tri­ con tri­
bution bution
re ­
re­
ported ported

A v e r­
age
em ­
ployer
co n tri­
bution*

M in i­
m um
co n tri­
bution
re­
ported

M a x i­
mum
co n tri­
bution
re ­
ported

64
64

64
64

64
64

8
8

1
1

_
190
190

5
10
10
12

12

12

7

7

7

7

5
5
5
4
4
5
4
4

15

51

35

12
12

100
100

35
98

60

89
93
60
77
81
82
56
94
94
75

135
137

64
64

223
223

72
72

40
40

77
77

49
49

20
20

75
75

44
44

35
35

50
50

117
172
172

114
47
90

123
199
199

66

62
25
25

67
128
128

47
55
55

45

107
107

50
57
57

_
34
30

_
30
30

40
30

19 0

_
123
190

190

190

190

123

123

123

55

55

55

176
145
184
138
138
147
84
85
64

153
47
183
99
99
134
48
48
59
59
81
81

190
190
190
164
164
164

111

43
35
123
35
55
84

123
123
123
84
84
84
51
51
35
35
57
57
57
57

55
52
55
51
51
55
34
34
23
23
90
90
92
91

55

40
50
15
15
23
23
38
38
80
80

55
55
55
75
75
75
41
41
23
23
92
92
92
92

57
108

92
49
55
50
50

92
40
55
40
50

92
55
55
50
50

62

156
156
147
146
154
143

112
112

12 1
121

73
63
262

262
262
262

85
123
82
82
84
44
44
35
35
56
56
55
55

20
20

35
35
32
32
32
32

12

55

12

55
12

154
109
155
87
87

154
164
164
117
117

10 0

52
52

57
65
98
30
30

200
200

109
150
150

109
311
311

65
57
57

65
47
47

100
100

40
104
104

40
64
64

47

272

112

201

48
45

35
43

90
72

81
85

12
62

144
47
107
96
96
96
107
40
40

145
272
161

43
35
35
33
37
33
35
30
30

44
75
44
82
44
61
40
44
44

90
79
84
78
84
83
76
35
35

90

90
107
90
90
90

149
107
87

44
48
43
46
41
49
38
37
37

72
70
72

72
47
72

72
73
107

37
37
37

37
34
35

37
37
37

35
34
35

35

130
172
168

124
81
81

135
19 0
19 0

77
103
101

77
30
30

77
123
123

45
53
52

181

167

185

123

123

123

55

_

162

106
105
109

222

145
222

57
89

100

65
52
65

12
12
12

53
53

_
_
_
_
_
_

12

4
4

82
43
43

_

_

_

40
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

185
123

185
123

190
123

149
139
153
39
39

84
139
84

159
139
159
43
43-

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

_

_
_
_
_
_

61
61

_
50
50

_

40
110

88

_

_

_
_
_
.
_

.

_

_
187

40
_
_
_
.
_
_
_

_
100
100
100
100

107
103

145
137
113
117
135
99
134
70
71

_
_
_

no

136
141

_
40
_
_
_

_

_

„
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
89
89

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

.
.
_
_

.
_
_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_
57
57

_
_

20
20

_
57
57

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_
57
57

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

A v e r ­ M in i­
mum
age
em ­ co n tri­
ployer bution
co n tri­
re ­
bution 6 ported

8
6

5
5
5
16
16
6

5
12
12
12

13
5
6
8

13
13

M a x i­
m um
C om ­
co n tri­ A ll
In s u r­ Pen­ Vaca­
benefit
bution
ance sions tions bined O th e r 4
funds 1
funds 3
re­
ported
23
23

89
96

84
90

84
90

21

5

25

6

2

11

5
5

16
16

48
81
93

48
72

48
71
85

3
3

6

5

18

86

9

100
100
86

2

92
40
75
79
82
56
93
94
75

92
41
77
80
82
56
94
94
73

1
21
2
2

88

6

88

86

26
61
50

5
5
5
5
5
4
7
4
7

5
9
9
15
15

26

26

61
50
82
85

61
50
82
85

13

13
100
100

100
100

2
2
1
1

2

_
-

4
14
14

4

-

1

4
132
132

43

43

43

17

7
7

89

11

86

26

97

85
97

80

97

11

_

_
_

43

40
_
40

_

42
37

_

_

_
_

43

_
43

11

11

7

20

89
60
73

72
91
57
77

72
87
57
77

11

100

100

100

60
5

73
60
60
5

59
49
94
93

58
49
87
82

59
49
92
93

89

89
96
84

40

40

18

40

36

11

37
37

57
37

23
5

_
57
-

_
57
-

_

-

45
39
39

45
56
56

_
30
30

30
30

30
30

190

19 0
19 0

8
10
10

2

183
190

55

55

-

-

-

180

167

185

5

57
-

_

_
167

_

j

72
91
57
77

20

11
6
6
6
10

40

_

46
47

86

25

_
60

64
78
13
77
80
82
56
91
92

26
51
44
45
42

82

_

30
93

68

85

-

48
69
84

10 0

3

13

10 0
10 0

2
2

84
90

7

100
86

5
30
30
15
5
13
13
15
15

35
36
35

12
12

Percent of w orkers covered by
em ployer contributions to
specified funds 5

O th e r 4

4

13
71
72
84
97
72
84
57
77
10 0

1

6
11

59
49
1

1

60

84

89
96
84

5
5

13
15
15

53
73
83

53
53
74

53
53
74

4

6

20
9

53
53
74

5

5

55

15

15

-

40

15

_
60

_

10 0

►

4
-

2

Table 121. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J.— Continued
(E m p lo y e r c e n ts - p e r - h o u r co n trib u tio n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit funds 1 in c o n stru ctio n and the p e rc e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d , S ep te m b e r 1973)

C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
A ll b e n e f it fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A v e r - M in i- M a x im um
m um
age
e m - c o n tr i - c o n tr ip l o y e r b u tio n b u tio n
re ­
c o n tr i­
re­
b u t io n 6 p o r te d p o r te d

205

A pp r e n t ic e s : - C o n tin u e d
C em ent r
135
C o m m e r c ia l ..
133
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) ..
58
171
P i p e f i t t e r s ______________________
C o m m e r c i a l _________________
173
P l u m b e r s _______________________ . 169
C o m m e r c ia l ..
169
111
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s _
110
C o m m e r c i a l _______
H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s ____
C o m m e r c i a l ___________
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th an
5 s to r ie s ) .
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s .
C o m m e r c ia l.
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
5 s to r ie s ) .
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ..
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ..
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s '
h e lp e r s .
C o m m e r c ia l ..
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s _______

125
125
22
149
162
112
112
102
102

159
140
100
262
262
262
262
117
117

In su ran ce
A v e r - M in iage
m um
e m - c o n tr ip l o y e r b u tio n
c o n tr i­
re­
b u tio n 6 p o r te d

78
72
27
57
57
47
47
52
52

55
55
15
57
57
32
32
52
52

P e n s io n s

M a x im um
c o n tr i b u tio n
re ­
p o r te d

84
84
47
57
57
57
57
52
52

V a c a tio n s

C o m b in e d f u n d s 3

A v e r - M in i- M a x i­
m um
age
m um
e m - c o n tr i - c o n t r i ­
p l o y e r b u tio n b u tio n
c o n tr i­ r e ­
re­
b u t io n 6 p o r te d p o r te d

A v e r ­ M in i­ M a x i­
m um m um
age
e m ­ c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r b u tio n b u tio n
c o n tr i­
re­
re ­
b u t io n 6 p o r te d p o r te d

A v e r ­ M in i­ M a x i­
m um
age
m um
e m ­ c o n tri­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r b u tio n b u tio n
c o n tr i­ r e ­
re ­
b u t io n 6 p o r te d p o r te d

55
59
19
92
92
91
91
50
50

50
50
6
92
92
80
80
50
50

75
70
36
92
92
92
92
50
50

.
_
100
100
100
100

_
_
100
100
100
100

_

_

_
100
100
100
100

33
57
_
_

_ *
33
57
_

6
6
43
13
13
15
15
15
15

30
100
81
100
100
42
81
33
100

30
100
81
95
100
42
81
33
100

30
100
81
100
100
42
81
33
100

131
131

5
5

j
1

8
5

80
89

73
81

95
35

8
5
5

8
2
2

8
60
8

47
81
88

7
6
7

4
5
5

8
50
60

3
5

2
5

5
5

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_ •

-

-

-

~

-

-

131
131

42
42

39
39

77
77

22
22

20
20

45
45

20
20

67
69
66

67
27
27

67
159
110

39
41
39

39
15
15

39
100
64

20
23
23

20
10
10

20
64
64

21
22

81
75
62

64
4%

159
110
107

45
43
43

39
35
35

100
45
45

24
25
20

20
10
12

55
64
20

_

_

_

64

20

20

20

94
-

60
63
149

59
63
149

63
63
149

35
35
57

35
35
57

35
35
57

23
23
92

23
23
92

23
23
92

_
20

20
20

_
20
20
20

20
20
_

25
25
20

131
131

_
69
35

_

131
131
_

35
35

_

M a x i­
m um
A ll
C om ­
.
c o n tr i­
In su r­ P en ­ V aca­
b u tio n b e n e fit a n c e s io n s tio n s b in e d O the r *
fu n d s 1
fu n d s 3
re­
p o r te d

5
5
2
13
13
13
13
12
12

-

64
64

A v e r ­ M in i­
m um
age
e m ­ c o n tr i­
p lo y e r b u tio n
c o n tr i­
re­
b u tio n 6 p o r te d

6
6
14
13
13
13
13
13
14

_

33
57
_

-

76
77

P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 5

O th e r4

_

45
"

95
-

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

_

_

_

.

_

'

_

_
_

-

-

8
57
81
95
100
40
76
22
60

73
81

9
12

7
9

73
81

47
77
85

47
77
85

7
10

4
3

47
68
81

54
86
73

54
76
73

54
77
73

10
-

42
67
40

69
36
26

.69
36
26

69
36
26

_
_
10
11
5
10

_
1
5
_

_

16

_
1

_

_
"

69
36
"

'

E x c lu d e s l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d p l a n s . In in s t a n c e s w h e r e th e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fund, s p e c i f ie d e m p lo y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n o r
h o l id a y s , e tc . w e r e c o n s i d e r e d fu n d c o n tr ib u tio n s . A lth o u g h s u rv e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to h o lid a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h i s a r e a .
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 F u n d s t h a t p r o v id e f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f b e n e f its , s u c h a s i n s u r a n c e a n d p e n s io n s , o r i n s u r a n c e a n d v a c a tio n .
4 I n c lu d e s f u n d s f o r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n tic e s h ip t r a i n in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
5 A ll w o r k e r s ( u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
6 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n f u n d s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e f it i n fo r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d , i t is l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s ( u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in t a b le 1.

Table 122. Employer contributions to specified union funds: San Francisco—Oakland, Calif
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to f u n d s p r o v id in g —
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

In su ra n c e

A ll b e n e fit f u n d s 1
A v erag e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

M a x im u m
c o n tr i ­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

A v e ra g e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u t io n 6

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

P e n s io n s

V a c a tio n s

M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

A v e ra g e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u t io n 6

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

M a x im u m
c o n trib u tio n
re p o rte d

A v erag e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

75
75
15
15
15
15
15

75
75
15
15
15
15
15

M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

J o u rn e y m e n :
B r ic k la y e rs
____
... .
C o m m e r c ia l
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
.... _ .. .
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n C em ent m aso n s _
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .. __
__ __ _ __ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E le c tric ia n s
C o m m e r c i a l ......................_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ __
P i p e f i t t e r s _ _ __
.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l .
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
P lu m b e rs _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
__ __ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l
.
_
_
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o fe rs _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ __
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s
__
__ _ __ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s __ _ __ __ __ _ __
C o m m e r c ia l..
______
_ __ __ __

248
247
217
216
219
219
216
231
231
231
231
231
224
226
205
383
379
410
339
336
337
341
207
209
206
221
214
231
259
259

239
239
139
165
219
219
139
231
231
231
231
231
165
165
165
352
352
410
276
276
295
295
184
184
184
207
207
207
259
259

260
260
219
219
219
219
219
231
231
231
231
231
241
241
241
410
410
410
410
410
410
410
236
219
236
272
230
272
259
259

84
84
58
57
60
60
60
56
56
56
56
56
66
67
60
115
110
148
96
93
95
98
55
54
56
38
38
38
73
73

83
83
6
6
60
60
60
56
56
56
56
56
41
41
41
75
75
148
15
15
64
64
45
50
45
36
38
36
73
73

85
85
60
60
60
60
60
56
56
56
56
56
71
71
71
148
148
148
148
148
148
148
63
63
63
38
38
38
73
73

61
61
80
80
80
80
80
100
100
100
100
100
44
45
37
95
99
71
88
88
89
88
74
71
74
81
76
87
98
98

58
58
80
80
80
80
80
100
100
100
100
100
29
29
29
71
71
71
71
71
71
71
70
70
70
70
70
70
98
98

65
65
80
80
80
80
80
100
100
100
100
100
60
60
45
125
125
71
100
100
100
100
80
75
80
110
87
110
98
98

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __ ________ __ ____ __
C o m m e r c i a l — __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . __ __ __ __ __
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e r c i a l . __ _ _ ________ __ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y — _
__
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
T ru c k d riv e rs _
_
. . _ .... ----C o m m e r c i a l — __ __ __
__ __ _ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y — __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

256
256
256
256
256
256
256
256
256
241
237
244
237

256
256
256
256
256
256
256
256
256
237
237
237
237

259
259
256
256
256
256
256
256
256
262
237
262
237

72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
90
87
93
87

72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
87
87
87
87

72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
107
87
107
87

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
66
65
67
65

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
65
65
65
65

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
70
65
70
65

-

-

-

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ____
_ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
C a r p e n t e r s __ _ ____ __ __ _ __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l — ____ — — _ _____ — —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — __ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s — — _ _ — „ — „ — — __
C o m m e r c ia l— — — — — —
— — „
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ _ __
P i p e f i t t e r s ___ _ _ _ _ _ _
„
_ __ — __

245
217
214
219
219
183
186
169
387

239
165
165
219
219
124
124
128
352

260
219
219
219
219
222
222
204
410

84
58
55
60
60
66
66
63
119

83
6
6
60
60
7
7
41
75

85
60
60
60
60
71
71
71
148

60
80
80
80
80
40
43
30
92

58
80
80
80
80
15
15
15
71

65
80
80
80
80
58
58
42
125

75
15
15
15
15
38
31
57
68

75
15
15
15
15
16
16
23
35

75
15
15
15
15
83
82
83
120

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b l e .




_
_

_
_
58
54
77
74
79
35
43
43
44
43
59
71
55
68
68
68
85
85

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

75
75
60
60
15
15
15

_
_

_
_
39
39
39
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
15
35
15
68
68
68
85
85

97
97
97
120
120
35
50
50
50
50
115
85
115
68
68
68
85
85

_

_

_

Table 122. Employer contributions to specified union funds: San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.— Continued
(E m p lo yer c e n ts -p e r-h o u r contributions fo r employee benefit funds 1 in construction and the p erce nt of w orkers covered, September 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p r o v id in g —
H o lid ay s

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n 6 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs _
________
_ — __
C o m m e r c ia l.
_ __ _
__ _
_ _ __
C a r p e n t e r s __ __
_ _ _ _ _
______
C o m m e r c i a l .. __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ------------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . _ __ __ __ __
C e m e n t m a s o n s ______________________________
C o m m e r c i a l . _ _ _ _ _ _ __ ____ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ------------------------------------O th er heav y c o n stru ctio n

E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________ _______________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ —
P ip e fitte rs
_______
_ _ __ __ — __ __
C o m f n e r c ia l _______________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
P l u m b e r s _ __
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ —
R o o fe rs
_
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ —
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ____________ _____ ____________
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) — — _
S tru c tu ral iro n w o rk e rs

__

C o m m ercial

-----

_

.

_
__
__
__

-

-

15
15
60
60
60
_
-

60
60
60
60
60
_
_
_
39
39
39
41
41
41
50
50
50
50
60
_
60
34
34
34

-

_
39
39
39
41
41
41
41
41
41
41
60
_
60
34
34
34

-

__

C o m m e r c i a l __________________ __ __________
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l .. _ _ __ __ __ _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .. __ _ __ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
_
_ _
B u lld o z e r o p e r a t o r s __ __ _ __ __

-

60
60
60
60
60
_
39
39
39
41
41
41
46
46
47
46
60
_
60
34
34
34

_

__

__
__

__
__

_ _ _
__ __
_

__
__

S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .
_
_ _ _ _ _
__ __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
T r u c k d r i v e r s ___
__ __
_ _ _ __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c ia l.. _ _
_
_, _ _ _ __ _ __
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . __ __ __ __ __
A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s __ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _
__ __
_ __
C a r p e n te r s _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l . . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. __ _.
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E l e c t r i c i a n s __ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ __ __ __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ __
P i p e f i t t e r s ____________________________________

_

-

-

-

_
_
_

-

.

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­ e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u t io n 6 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u t io n 6
re p o rte d re p o rte d

78
78
75
75
75
75
75
101
101

78
78
.
_
_
75
75
75
75
75
96
96

78
78
_
.
_
.
75
75
75
75
75
106
106

97
97
97
97

.
97
97
97
97

-

_
_

_
_

4.
_
_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

78

78

_

-

-

33

_
_

.
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
_

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24

78

27
41

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92
100
87
100

24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24

-

_

-

-

66
66

43

85
85

-

43
-

-

_

97
100
100
86
100
100
100
100
100
92
100
87
100

63
63
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
85
85
85
85

60
60
60
60
33

_

24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
85
85
85
85

-

59
61
_
_
_
.
100
100
100
100
100
32
36

41
39
100
100
100
100
100
_
.
-

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
85
85
85
85

60
60
60
60
16
16
23
41

_
100
100
100
100
100
_
_
45
47
32
54
47
100
92
87
96
94
17
_
22
34
33
45

100
100
100
100
100
100
96
100
100
100
100
100
ICO
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
87
100
63
100
100

-

-

H o li­
days

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
98
100
97
87
100
63
100
100

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

-

"

-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92
100
87
100

24
4
4
4
4
23
26
13
83

20
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
32

35
4
4
4
4
43
43
37
116

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

C om ­
b in e d
fu n d s 3

V aca­
tio n s

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
87
100
63
100
100

-

60
60
60
60
26
26
25
41

Pen­
s io n s

35
35
4
4
4
4
4
_
_
49
49
49
116
116
116
116
116
116
116
14
14
14
26
13
26
3
3

_

-

_

In su r­
ance

20
20
4
4
4
4
4
_
_
_
_
2
2
2
32
32
116
30
30
30
30
1
11
1
2
4
4
3
3

_
_
86
86
86

-

_
_
90
86
92

A ll
b e n e f it
fu n d s 1

26
26
4
4
4
4
4
_
_
30
31
19
77
72
116
65
66
62
65
11
13
10
8
10
8
3
3

97
97
97
97
.
_
_
100
86
100

"

_
_

P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y
e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to
s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 5

O th e r4

C o m b in e d fu n d s 3

68
64
100
100
100
100
92
87
96
94
98
100
97
34
33
45
100
100

“

_
_
_
8
13
4
6
_
_
_
53
67
18
-

_

_

_

_

"

"

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92
100
87
100

29
100
100
100
100
67
60
100
100

_

71

100
100
100
100
44
49
25
61

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

33
40
_

'

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




O th e r 4

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
_
-

81
79
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
87
100
63
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
76
70
100
100

_
_
_

-

Table 122. Employer contributions to specified union funds: San Francisco-Oakland, C a lif.— Continued
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e f i t fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d th e p e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to f u n d s p r o v id in g —

A v e ra g e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u t io n 6

M a x im u m
c o n tr i ­
b u tio n
r e p o r te d

M in im u m
c o n tr i ­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

P e n s io n s

In su ra n c e

A ll b e n e f it fu n d s 1

O c c u p a ti o n 1 a n d ty p e
2
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

V a c a tio n s

M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

A v e ra g e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u t io n 6

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

A v e ra g e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 6

64
64
64
45
50
45
38
38
38

148
148
148
63
63
63
38
38
38

92
84
97
73
72
73
83
76
87

71
71
71
70
70
70
70
70
87

100
100
100

80
75
80
97
87
87

46
40
49
72
69
74
43
42
43

65
65
65
65
65

65
65
65
65
65

135
135
135
135
135

135
135
135
135
135

135
135
135
135
135

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
r e p o rte d

A p p r e n ti c e s— C o n tin u e d

. . . . . . ..
.

202

R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

184
29 0
29 0
29 0
29 0
290

410
410
410
236
219
236
237
216

29 0
290
290
290
290

..........

R o o fe r*
_ ........
...... ....
f ! o m n u > r r i a l . ......
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e a * th a n
*to rie «)

. _

S h e e t .m e t a l w o r k e r *
(C o m m e r c ia l

___

.

.

323
354
305
20 5
208
203
206

84
106
72
53
54
53
38
38
38

290
290
290
290
290

29 5
29 5
29 5
184
184
184
172
177
172

..................
P lu m b e r *
fo m m e rria l
T ^ p a id p n H a l ( l e a * t h a n •» * t n r i e n )

65
65
65
65
65

220

H e lp e rs an d l a b o r e r s :
(C o n * t r a c t io n l a b o r e r *
(C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n t ia l (le a * than S s t o r ie s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
. _
... ...
O t h e r h e a v y c o n «t r a c t io n

...

Average
employer
contri­
bution6
Apprentices— Continued
Plumbers
Commercial' Residential (less than 5 stories)
Roofers---------------------------Commercial---------------------Residential (less than 5 stories)------Sheet-metal workers
_
Commercial.
- Residential (less than 5 stories)

47
44
49
60
_
60
21
21
22

Helpers and laborers:
Construction laborers _ - - --- —
Commercial. _
.
_ - —
Residential (less than 5 stories)_______
Street and highway. __ _
— .

_
_
_
_

O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

O th e r4

C o m b in e d fu n d s 3

M in im u m M a x im u m A v e ra g e M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i ­
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i ­
b u tio n 6
re p o rte d re p o rte d
re p o rte d re p o rte d

50
50
50
60
_
60
31
31
29

97
97
97
-

_

_

_
_

-

41
41
41
60
_
60
15
16
15

-

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u t io n 6 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

A ll
b e n e f it
fu n d s 1

In su r­
ance

-

30
30
30
1
11
1
2
4
4

116
116
116
14
14
14
13
13
4

100
100
100
100
100
100
73
100
35

100
100
100
95
100
93
73
100
35

100
100
100
96
100
94
71
100
31

80
80
80
80
80

10
10
10
10
10

10
10
10
10
10

10
10
10
10
10

99
100
100
96
100

99
99
100
96
100

99
99
100
96
100

97
97
97

-

-

-

91
86

86
86

-

-

80
80
80
80
80

80
80
80
80
80

-

_

100
86

1
E x c lu d e s l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d p l a n s . I n i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d ,
h o l id a y s , e tc . w e r e c o n s i d e r e d fu n d c o n tr i b u ti o n s .
* O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e ( s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 F u n d s t h a t p r o v id e f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f b e n e f i ts , s u c h a s i n s u r a n c e a n d p e n s io n s , o r i n s u r a n c e a n d v a c a t i o n s .
4 I n c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip tr a i n in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
9 A ll w o r k e r s ( u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
6 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a t i n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e r e d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n f u n d s .

N O T E : D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




Pen­
s io n s

53
77
39
10
13
9
7
9
4

97
97
97
_
_

50
50
50
115
85
115
61
61
58

35
35
35
15
35
15
29
32
29

P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 5

C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to f u n d s p r o v id in g —
H o lid ay s

M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

M in im u m
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re p o rte d

A v e ra g e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u t io n 6

V aca­
tio n s

H o li­
days

82
76
89
95
100
93
29
34
35

82
76
89
10

-

-

14
29
34
35
-

-

C om ­
b in e d
fu n d s 3

O th e r 4*

-

100
100
100
96
100
94
71
100
31

99
99
100
96
100

99
99
100
96
100

18
24
11
-

44
66

s p e c i f ie d e m p l o y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a t i o n s o r

W h e re b e n e f it i n f o r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d , i t i s l im it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in ta b le 1.

Table 123. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Seattle—Everett, Wash.
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit f u n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to f u n d s p r o v id in g A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A v e r­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

209

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r ic k la y e rs
____
C o m m e rc ia l
C a r p e n t e r s _ ________________ _ __________
C o m m e r c ia l. _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C em ent m asons
C o m m e rc ia l
E le c tr ic ia n s 6
C o m m e r c ia l
P ip e fitte rs _
_
C o m m e rc ia l
.. ..............
____
P lu m b e rs —
__
_ __ ____ __ __
C o m m e rc ia l
...... .......
... . .
___
R o o fe rs
R e s i d e n t i a l '( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S h e e t- m e ta l w o rk e rs
C o m m e rc ia l
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
C o m m e r c ia l

171
171
133
133
133
118
118
70
70
206
206
195
195
99
73
115
115
143
143

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k ^ o e o p e ra to rs
O m e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y .
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
T ru c k d riv e rs
_ _ ___ ___________
___
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __ _________ _________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________

105
116
115
116
125
125
125

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l..
E le c tr ic ia n s _
_ _
____
__ ____
„ „
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
P i p e f i t t e r s ____________________________________
C o m m e rc ia l
_ .................. . ....
.
S h e e t- m e ta l w o rk e rs
C o m m e rc ia l
__

133
133
65
65
206
206
114
114

H e lp e rs and la b o r e rs :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s 6 ______________________
C o m m e rc ia l
_
.
___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ________________________
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n

125
125
125
125
125

110

In su ra n c e

M in i­
M a x i­ A v e r ­
m um
m um
age
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
em ­
b u tio n b u tio n p l o y e r
re ­
re­
c o n tr i­
p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 5

115
115
133
133
133
118
118

215
215
134
133
134
118
118

68
68

101
101

206
206
175
175
55
55
107
107
143
143

206
206
206
206
134
134

56
56

P e n s io n s

M in im um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re­
p o r te d

M a x im um
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
re­
p o r te d

A v er­
age
em ­
p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
b u tio n 5

40
40
50
50
50
55
55
25
25
52
52
33
33

35
35
60
60
60
60
60
9
9
85
85
85
85
42
29
30
30
65
65

30
30
65
65

35
35
60
60
60
60
60
9
9
85
85
85
85
60
60
30
30
65
65

143
143

32
32
48
48

40
40
50
50
50
55
55
25
25
52
52
52
52
50
50
42
42
48
48

116
116
116
116
116
125
125
125

43
41
45
45
45
60
60
60

25
25
45
45
45
60
60
60

45
45
45
45
45
60
60
60

59
55
65
64
65
60
60
60

7
7
60
60
65
60
60_
60

133
133
64
64
206
206
107
107

133
133
69
69
206
206

50
50
25
25
52
52
32
32

50
50
25
25
52
52
42
42

60
60

60
60

120
120

50
50
25
25
52
52
37
37

125
125
125
125
125

125
125
125
125
125

55
55
55
55
55

55
55
55
55
55

55
55
55
55
55

111
111

116
125
125
125

20
20

35
35
60
60
60
60
60

25
25

25
25

20
20
20

20
20
20

20
20
20

20
20

20
20

-

-

20
20

20
20

34
34
63
63
37
37

34
34
63
63
37
37

85
85
30
30

85
85
30
30

65
65
65
65
65

65
65
65
65
65

65
65
65
65
65

-

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

A v e r­
M in i­
M a x i­
age
m um
m um
A ll
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
In su r­
b e n e fit
p lo y e r
b u tio n b u tio n
ance
fu n d s 1
c o n tr i­
re ­
re­
b u tio n 5 p o r te d p o r te d

71
71
3
3
3
3
3

_
_
34
34
63
63
63
63

15
15
3
3
3
3
3

115
115
4
3
4
3
3

2
2
6
6

_
_
_
_
_
-

8
8

20
20

_
_
34
34
63
63
49
49
15
15
37
37
25
25

60
60

85
85
85
85

„
_
34
34
63
63
58
58
18
16
37
37
25
25

3
3
85
85
30
30

6
6

25
25

65
65
65
65
65
60
60
60

8
8

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d by
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 4

O th e r 3

M a x i­ A v e r ­ M in iM a x i­
M in i­
m um
m um
m um
age
m um
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
em ­
c o n tr i­ c o n tr i­
b u tio n b u tio n p lo y e r b u tio n b u tio n
c o n tr i­
re­
re ­
re ­
re ­
p o r te d p o r te d b u tio n 5 p o r te d p o r te d

40
40
50
50
50
55
55
25
25
52
52
45
45
37
27
38
38
48
48

120
120

V a c a tio n s

1
1
6
6
6
6

2
2
6
6
8
8

Pen­
s io n s

V aca­
O th e r 3
tio n s

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

90

90

90

90

90

100

100

100

100

100

63

63

63

63

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

63
_
_
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

7
7
4
4

4
4

4
4

75
63

75
63

75
63

75
63

42
15

37
37
25
25

10
10

8
8

11
11

5
5

5
5

5
5

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

20
20

6
6
6
6
6

4
4

6
6
6
6
6

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

9
18

_
_
-

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

66
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

66
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

66
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

66
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

20
20

6
6
6

5
5
5

5
5
5

20
20

3
3

3
3

3
3

34
34
63
63
37
37

2
2
6
6
10
10

1
1
6
6
8
8

2
2
6
6
11
11

66
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

5
5
5
5
5

5
5
5
5
5

5
5
5
5
5

94

94

94

100
12
100
100

100
12
100
100

100
12
100
100

_

5
5
5

-

_

_
_
_

93
98
_

12
100
100

E x c l u d e s l e g a l ly r e q u i r e d p l a n s . In i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c if ie d e m p lo y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n s o r
h o l id a y s , e t c . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr i b u ti o n s . A lth o u g h s u rv e y e d , e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to h o l id a y fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h is a r e a .
O v e r a l l o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip t r a i n in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
4 A l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100.
5 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly t o e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n f u n d s .
6 A v e r a g e e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s o f 32 c e n ts p e r h o u r to c o m b in e d fu n d s , n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y , w e r e p r o v id e d to 1 p e r c e n t o f th e e l e c t r i c i a n s ; a v e r a g e c o n tr ib u tio n s o f
5 c e n ts p e r h o u r w e r e
p r o v id e d to 1 p e r c e n t o f th e c o n s tr u c ti o n l a b o r e r s . C o m b in e d fu n d s p r o v id e f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f b e n e f i ts , s u c h a s i n s u r a n c e a n d p e n s io n s , o r i n s u r a n c e a n d v a c a t i o n s .
NOTE:




D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .

W h e re b e n e fit i n f o r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d , i t i s l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d

n o n u n io n ) in ta b le

1.

Table 124. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Washington. D.C.—M d.—Va.
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e f it fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c tio n a n d p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1

O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n
C em ent m asons
C o m m a rria l
S tr e e t a n d h ig h w a y
.

.

P ip e fitte rs

C A im n s r r t a l
___

C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
R o o fe rs
__
_ _
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ........
C n m n n ^ rria l

R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) .
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs
_

......... .........

. . .

C r a m m e r f* ia l

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
C o m m e r c ia l
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
T ru c k d riv e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
S tr e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tru c tio n

A p p re n tic e s :
B ric k la y e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ _
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c tio n .
C em ent m asons
___
C o m m e r c ia l
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r c ia l
..
. __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .
P ip e fitte rs
C o m m e r c ia l
P lu m b e rs
.
___
C o m m e r c ia l
___
S h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r s
.
_
C o m m e r c ia l
___
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __
See footnotes at end of table,




M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­ e m p lo y e r c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
re p o rte d re p o rte d
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

A ll
b e n e f it
fu n d s 1

In su r­
ance

Pen­
s io n s

55
52
47
38
64
15
100
39
59
7
43
58
3
65
70
29
46
2
55
67
30
47
52
14
67
66

55
52
47
38
64
15
100
39
59
7
43
58
3
65
70
29
46
2
55
67
30
47
52
14
67
66

55
52
47
38
64
15
100
39
59
7
35
49

42
43
34
47
55
87
2
54
71
96
17
73

42
43
34
47
55
87
2
54
71
96
17
73

40
43
34
42
55
87
2
52
2
7

37
23
48
62
86
100
80
79
66
73
21
93
98
84
86
65
69
100

37
23
48
62
86
100
80
79
37
43

37
23
48
62
86
100
80
79
66
73
21
93
98
84
86
65
69
100

O th e r5

-

R e s id e n tia l ( le a s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
C a rp e n te r*
C n m m a rris l

P lu m b e rs

P e r c e n t of w o rk e rs c o v e re d by
e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s to
s p e c i f ie d fu n d s 4

O th e r5

P e n s io n s

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e
e m p lo y e r
c o n tr i­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­ e m p lo y e r
c o n tri­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u t io n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d
b u tio n 5

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s _________________________

R ls rtr ir la n m
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .

In su ran ce

72
91
50
70
70
71
71
61
61
61
113
115
42
123
123
118
118
118
59
59
59
151
151
154
105
105

50
85
50
71
71
71
71
61
61
61
42
42
42
120
120
118
118
118
59
59
59
94
94
154
105
105

95
95
50
71
71
71
71
61
61
61
129
129
42
126
126
118
118
118
59
59
59
154
154
154
105
105

36
40
30
30
30
30
30
26
26
26
35
35
35
52
52
50
50
50
39
39
39
61
61
64
47
47

30
40
30
30
30
30
30
26
26
26
35
35
35
52
52
50
50
50
39
39
39
4
4
64
47
47

40
40
30
30
30
30
30
26
26
26
35
35
35
52
52
50
50
50
39
39
39
64
64
64
47
47

26
40
10
34
34
34
34
28
28
28
75
75
_

10
40
10
34
34
34
34
28
28
28
75
75
_

40
40
10
34
34
34
34
28
28
28
75
75
_

59
59
50
50
50
20
20
20
74
74
74
50
50

59
59
50
50
50
20
20
20
74
74
74
50
50

59
59
50
50
50
20
20
20
74
74
74
50
50

77
79
83
75
78
80
80
76
46
48
42
45

53
70
83
53
65
80
80
65
37
45
42
37

88
88
83
80
80
80
80
80
75
75
45
68

34
34
35
34
35
35
35
34
26
26
22
25

28
30
35
28
30
35
35
30
22
25
22
25

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
25
35

34
34
35
33
34
35
35
34
20
21
20
19

25
30
35
25
30
35
35
30
12
20
20
12

65
92
50
71
71
71
61
61
88
90
40
122
122
118
118
149
149
105

50
85
50
71
71
71
61
61
38
38
38
120
120
118
118
94
94
105

95
95
50
71
71
71
61
61
128
128
41
126
126
118
118
154
154
105

34
40
30
30
30
30
26
26
35
35
35
52
52
50
50
61
60
47

30
40
30
30
30
30
26
26
35
35
35
52
52
50
50
4
4
47

40
40
30
30
30
30
26
26
35
35
35
52
52
50
50
64
64
47

21
40
10
34
34
34
28
28
75
75
_
59
59
50
50
72
72
50

11
12
10
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
17
17
7
12
12
18
18
18
_
_
_

5
5
10
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
9
9
18
18
18
_
_
_

15
15
10
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
19
19
7
15
15
18
18
18
_
_

16
16
16
8
8

15
15
16
8
8

16
16
16
8
8

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
20
33

10
11
13
9
10
10
10
9
5
5
_

5
10
14
5
5
10
10
5
5
5
_

18
18
13
10
10
10
10
10
5
5

-

-

-

42
43
34
47
55
87
2
54
71
96
17
73

10
40
10
34
34
34
28
28
75
75
_

40
40
10
34
34
34
28
28
75
75
_

59
59
50
50
59
59
50

59
59
50
50
74
74
50

11
12
10
7
7
7
7
7
10
11
5
11
11
18
18
16
16
8

5
5
10
7
7
7
7
7
3
3
3
9
9
18
18
15
15
8

15
15
10
7
7
7
7
7
18
18
6
15
15
18
18
18
18
8

37
23
48
62
86
100
80
79
66
73
21
93
98
84
86
65
69
100

_

_

65
70
29
46
2
55
67
30
47
52
14
67
66

93
98
84
86
65
69
100

55
52
47
38
64
15
100
39
59
7
43
58
3
65
70
29
46
2

_
_

_
47
52
14
67
66

_

-

Table 124. Employer contributions to specified union funds: Washington, D.C.—M d.—V a.— Continued
( E m p l o y e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r c o n tr i b u ti o n s f o r e m p lo y e e b e n e fit fu n d s 1 in c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d , S e p te m b e r 1973)
C e n t s - p e r - h o u r e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n to fu n d s p ro v id in g —
O c c u p a tio n 2 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A ll b e n e fit fu n d s 1

In su ra n c e

P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s c o v e re d by
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to
s p e c i f ie d f u n d s 4

O th e r 3

P e n s io n s

A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m A v e r a g e M in im u m M a x im u m
e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n t r i ­ e m p lo y e r c o n t r i ­
c o n tr i­
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n
b u tio n
c o n tr i­
b u tio n
b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d
r e p o r t e d b u tio n 5 r e p o r t e d r e p o r t e d

211

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) ___________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ___ ____________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s _____________________ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s _____________________
C o m m e r c ia l __ ____________________________

59
64
34
33
54
58
40
40
99
99

28
28
33
33
42
40
38
38
70
70

75
75
68

33
68
68

76
76
118
118

28
29
28
28
25
26
35
35
42
42

20

28
28
28
22
20

35
35
30
30

35
35
28
28
28
35
35
35
50
50

32
33
35

20

25
35

35
35
35

_

_

_

27
29

20
20

35
35

_

_
_

_
_

44
44

35
35

50
50

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
13
13

3
3
5
5
5
3
3
3
5
5

7
7
5
5
5
5
41
41
18
18

A ll
b e n e fit
fu n d s 1

42
63
62

In su r­
ance

42
63
62

8

34
30

2

5
7
15

37
59
62

34
30

15
19

2

5
7
15

O th e r 3

2

38
63

8

34
30

Pen­
s io n s

8

2
„

7
15

5
7
15

1 E x c lu d e s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s .
In i n s t a n c e s w h e r e th e l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t d o e s n o t s e t u p a u n io n a d m i n i s t e r e d fu n d , s p e c if ie d e m p l o y e r p a y m e n ts to e m p lo y e e s f o r v a c a tio n s o r
h o l id a y s , e t c . w e r e c o n s id e r e d fu n d c o n tr i b u ti o n s . A lth o u g h s u rv e y e d , e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s to h o lid a y a n d v a c a tio n fu n d s w e r e n o t p r o v id e d in t h is a r e a .
2 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n s m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) o f c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c lu d e s fu n d s f o r s u c h i t e m s a s d e n ta l c a r e , a p p r e n t ic e s h ip t r a i n in g , e d u c a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y a d v a n c e m e n t.
4 A ll w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100,
5 E m p lo y e e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e r e l a ti n g o n ly to e m p lo y e e s c o v e re d b y c o n tr ib u tio n s to u n io n f u n d s .

NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




W h e re b e n e fit i n fo r m a tio n i s r e p o r t e d , i t is l im it e d to th o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r a l l w o r k e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) in ta b le

1.

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n fu n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g —
P a i d h o lid a y s
O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n
T o ta l

5
or

7
or

6

8

T o ta l

to
under
1

O ver

2

2

2

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A f te r 1 y e a r
4
or
le ss

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1

W e e k s o f p a id v a c a tio n s 4

to
under
1

O ver

2

2

2

to
under
1

2

2

L ife
in su r­
O ver
ance
2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
R e t i r e ­ No
a c c id e n t
m ent
p la n s
a n d /o r
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

A tla n ta , G a.
J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) _______________
C a r p e n t e r s ___________________________________
C o m m e rc ia l— —
_ — — — — — R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____ __
C e m e n t m a s o n s _ _____ „ — __ — —
C o m m e r c ia l
_ __ — ------ _ _ _ _ _ _
E l e c t r i c i a n s — ____ —
____ — _ — —
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------ P liim h p r a
__ _
_ _
C o m m e r c ia l
__ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ____ —
R o o fe rs
_ „
_ __
—
_ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l— _
_ ------- __
_ — —
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s __ _ — _
_ — — C o m m e r c i a l — _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ „
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ __ _
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __

212

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B ack -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e r c i a l __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
__ ------- __ __
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------T r u c k d r i v e r s (d u m p t r u c k ) --------------------------C o m m e r c ia l— — — _ _ - — — - S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -----------------------------------A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s -----------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l— — _ — _ — - — —
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) - — _
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) _ — _ —
P l u m b e r s --- ---------------------------------------- —---------C o m m e r c ia l _
— - - - S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) —-----H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n te r s _
—
— — -----C o m m e rci& l
........ .
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s -------- --------- --------------;
—
C o m m e r c ia l
— - R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -----------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l ------------------------------------ — ------P l u m b e r s --- --------- ------- ----------------- —--------------C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

22
10

22

63
11
11
12
10
26

36
20

79
_
_
61
32
100
21

23
8
20

9
63
11
11

_
_
_
7 24
13
52
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
12
10
26
12

7
27
_
_
61
32
100
21

5
-

18

20

30

39
64
25
75
_
96

9
*56
16
_

6

_
_
_

20

24
7
39
18
65

-

28
24
40

_
_
_

20

1

15
32
25
35
49
91
56
42
73

_
_
8
6

_
_
’ 48
42
56

8

8

25
59
_
76

6

24
7
39
18
65
28
24
40
18
15
32
17
29
49
91
7
_
17

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

26
14
65

25
13
64

12
12

11
12

13

13

10

10

37
50
33
93
_
61
32

37
45
33
76
_
_
61
32

100
21

100
21

20
8

20
8
20

27
33
28
63
63
80

33
28
63
34
44

6

6

24
7
39
18
65

24
7
39
18
65

28
24
42
23
14
42
65
40
82
91
91
90
91

28
24
42
21

13
33
54
40
82

91
83
90
74

1
1

_
_
_
_
5
_
17
_
_
-

_
.
_
_
_
_
-

25
13
65
12
12

9
6

37
45
33
76
_
46
32
63
21

_
4
4
5
17
16
37
-

_
_
_
.
-

_
31
40

“

27
33
28
63
32
40

24
39
18
65

1
1

*
*

_
"

27
33
28
63
32
40

_

-

24
39
18
65

7
-

-

28
24
42

-

_

1
1

_
7
_
17

-

-

-

20
8

6

22

13
42
59
40
70
59
83

90
74

1
1

_
6

12

32
7
17

25
13
65
12
12

9
6

37
45
33
76
46
32
63
21

20
8

6

28
24
42
21

13
42
59
27
70
59
83
90
74

1
1

4
4
5
17
16
37
“

-

• 31
40

-

7
3
1

6

13
12

32
7
17

9
24
27
17

9
25
28
17

11
11
10

11
11
10

7
37
40
30

7
37
40
30

7
37
40
30

66
11
12

66
11
12

66
11
12

66
11
12

63
35

63
35

63
35

63
35

63
35

100
21

100
21

100
21

100
21

100
21

9
25
27

9
25
27

20
11
11
10

20
11
11
10

40
30

7
37
40
30

66
11
12

9
21

26
6
8
8

7
7
12

3
7

7

7

7

7

1

3
4
4
4
8

29
61
32

6

7
7
5
26
4
15
34
22

100

51

“

21

1

2

91
74
72
80
89
89
90
93
63
60
70
34
89
88

37
65
79
93
90

10

10

10

10

-

3

80
7
70
32
80

80
7
70
32
80

80
7
57
32
64

20

20

7
70
32
80

80
7
70
32
80

7
13
16

7
10

30

32
4

68
20

-

32
35
24
7
28
38
65

26
27
24
7
28
38
65

26
27
24
7
28
38
65

26

7
65

7
65

68

38
65

32
35
24
7
28
38
65

-

44
56
14

60
52
85
26

60
52
85
24

59
52
83
24

62
56
83
24

10

13
-

4
5
-

21

21

30
65

30
65
7
73

21
26

20

20

18
9
65
7
58

20

73

27
24
7
28

65
7
73

68

68

68

68

63
48
83

63
48
83

63
48
83

63
48
83

6
2

11
6

26
59
7
73

34
13

48

12

68

32

63
48
83

27

27
32
4
9

22

12

20

20
100

93
100

65
76
93
72
62
35
37
44
15
74
78
70
35
80
27
32
37
52
17

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n f u n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g —
P a id h o lid a y s
O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n
or
le ss

or

or

6

8

T o ta l

to
under
1

O ver

2

A f te r 10 y e a r s

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A fte r 1 y e a r
T o ta l

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1

W e ek s o f p a id v a c a tio n s 4

2

to
under
1

2

2

O ver
2

to
under

L ife
O ver in su r­
ance

1

2

2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
t io n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

2

S ic k n e s s
and
R e tir e ­
No
a c c id e n t
m ent
a n d /o r
p la n s
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

B a lti m o r e , Md.
Jo u rn e y m e n :

R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

27
19
54
65
21

213

P liim h A m
. ..
....n
O o m m f lr r ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l (ip a a th^»n 5 n tn rip fl) . ...
R n o fp ra
......
. .... ,,,,
. r„ ,
P f im n iP T ria l
. r ^ .
R paiH pnH al ( 1p <« th a n 5 a tn r i p a )
_ __
_
S h p p t .m p ta l w n n lfp ra
.... ..... _
.
r n m m p T r i a l . ,,
. -- ------ .
p p a M p n tia l (ip a a th a n * a tn r i a a )
5
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) __

5
49
54
39
25
97
13
77
65
100
62

48
72
34
31

10

5
26

_
_
_
_
9
3
36
_
_
19
44

100

_
_

44

-

16
13
15
65
20

5
50
53
25
19
47
5
53
31

11

_
_
_
_
5
2

14
7
23
34

26

1

18
52
52

1
1

74
52
23
11

43
54
35
27
64
13
85
78
100

100

39
41
25
30
28
76
45

32
22

2

5
8

3
4
3
24

21
8

43
54
35
27
64
13
73
66
86

67
71
74
33
31

50
45

100
22

100
22

66

30
27

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
5
1

14
_
_
_
_
_
_

59

A p p r e n ti c e s :
f ir ir k la y P T a
................
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------r.a rp p n tp .ra
rn m m a rr ia l „ ,
_ ______
_
. _
_
E le c tr ic ia n s
.................
- .... rn m m a rr ia l .
....... .
P i p e f i t t e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) _________ ____„_
■P liim hers .... _ .
.
__
C n m m p rria l.
n
rT
R e s i d e n t i a l (ip a a th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) ___
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) ___
H e lp e rs an d l a b o r e r s :
f la r p e n te rs ' h e lp e rs
......
P .n m m e r r ia l.. _ _ ... ... _
. ..
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b l e .




......

13

66

28
24
49
34
45
31

18
42
27
13

_

3
26
33
27
18

36
33
73
30
40
14
48
42
42
64

26
29
51
28
40
14
48
42
42
64

-

8

5
5
46
49

96
46
53
34
10 70
92
65
64

20

14

5

9

6

6
10

_

_

26

3

39
33
81
69
100

75
84
75
77
73

_
_
22

50
23

2
8

3

28

_

45

_
_
_

21

24
20

11
100

8

2

35
58

75
83

_
-

47
54
36

17

6

9
46
49

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

8

10
8

3
30
15
25
19
50
8

57
58
56
44
33
65
18
16
68

10

40
_
7

_

8

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_

100

64

9
64

-

-

79
80
77

73
77

_

_

68

_
_

_
_

13
_
9
8

14
5
28
21

44
13
18
9
15
15
32

3
_
52
4
_
38
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

15

9

11

10

37
-

7
9
5
13
_
5

8

3
30
15
25
19
50
8

57
58
56
44
33
65
18
16

27
33
51
21

8

_
18

9
30
33
55
45
73
19
38
38
38

27
33
51

_

-

10
8

_
14
41
33
42
45

_
15
15
33
36
27

_
_

64

“

39
42
35

_
_

_

*
_

1

20

40
_
7
8

_
18

8

3
_
38
4
_
_
15
7
30
7

10

8
6
8

3

9

4
_

6

6

-

-

12

52

2

68

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

6
1

14
5
14
13
14
7
8
8
8

22

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

100
21

18
_

4
_

_
_

81

37
_

-

_

84
75

11
11

_

_

88

15
11

-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
C n m m p r p ia l
... ....
Dthpi* Vi*»avy r n n a t n i r t i n n .. _
.
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _________________________
r .n m m e r ria l .
.
.
......
S t r p p t a nd h ig h w a y
T r n r k H r iv p r a .... . .
r n m m e r r ia l,,
_
__ ...
? t r o o t a nd h ig h w a y
O th a r h a a v y r n n a t r n r t i n n
.. .

_
_
_
_

4
_
10

9
_
14
13
_
_
45

_
3

7
24
14
_
_
_
1

_
28
33
42

_

34
34
32
30
87
26
14
44
62
16
19
_

31
28
30
87
25

24
16
47
70
3
51
59

12

12

12

6

64
62

64
62

64
62

64
62

20
22

20

20

25
-

25
_

21

21

21

21

77
74
82
39
37
47
18
18
8

77
74
82
39
37
47
29
28
56

17

26

77
74
82
39
37
47
29
28
56
26

77
74
82
39
37
47
29
28
56
26

25
16
69
62
82
32
27
44
24
24
48
17

20

20
22

14
21

47
65
12

25
19
38

32
25
46
87
19
12

86

30
62
17

36
38
75
73

22

14
27
24
34
16
14
3

66

69
74

2

31

31

31

24

22

22

22

12

53
38
67
14
36

53
41
67
14
36

53
41
67
14
36

53
41
67
14
36

53
38
67
14
30

41
8

_
30

24
14
53
41
67
14
14

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

42
44

42
44

42
44

42
44

42
24

42
24

_
44

53
59
37
41
26
28

42
37
33
35

42
37
43
47

42
37
43
47

33
37
43
47

5
5
29
30

32
36
38
42

_
27
47

38
38
38

33
42
19

_

66

17

47

8
86

64
92
58
56

6

6

47

50
78
4
19
-

37
43
27
9
47

19
_
81
36

42
39.
47

52
53
51

66

6
88

6
88

6
88

6
88

6
66

81

81

81

45

100
12

100

100

100

19
64

19
64

19
64

100
12

72
81
56

70
81
53

70
81
53

59

68

67
47
51

47
41
49
53
54
51
94

81
47

26
14
52
59
53

6

31

36
_
17

22

5
28
15

22

14
-

86

79

20

31

10

65
50
53
42
13
70

19
44

22

22

6

1

36
33
39
87
28

20

-

12

1

36
33
39
87
28

14

9
30
33
55
45
73
19
-

2

1

39
33
57
87
28

53
32

12

28
19
43

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
n o t p ro v id e d , b y u n io n fu n d s , S e p te m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g —

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tr u c ti o n

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A fte r 1 y e a r
4
or
T o ta l
less

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1

W e ek s o f p a id v a c a tio n s 4

P a id h o lid a y s
5
or

7
or

6

8

T o ta l

1 to
under

2

2

O ver
2

1 to
under

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

O ver

2

2

2

1 to
under

2

2

L ife
H o s p i­
in s u r ­ ta liz a ­
O ver
tio n
ance

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

2

S ic k n e s s
a nd
R e tir e ­
No
a c c id e n t
m ent
a n d /o r
p la n s
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

B a ltim o r e , M d.— C o n tin u e d
H e l p e r s a n d l a b o r e r s — C o n tin u e d
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s - ------- — — — — —
C o m m e r c i a l ___________ ____ ________ __
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o re ) ________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — ------S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s ____ ____ __ — ____
C o m m e r c i a l ________ __ ____ __ ------- —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------- __
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s __________ __ __ — — —
C o m m e r c i a l ______________ ____ ____ —

27
18
25
42

4
_
4

17
13
25
29

5
3
_

22

11

12

50
80

9
8 42
_
60
_

23
30
90
4
92
78

16

100

72
98
95

2

-

8

8
10
8
6

17

25

22

21

25
43

18
25
42

10

10

41
38

34
38

100
12
100
100

100
12

94
90

2
1

2

7
_
_
2

-

_
-

14
13
-

9

2

8

-

25

21
8

22

1

3

18
18
50
4
33
60

10
20

13
-

50
8

67
40

14
13
21
8

18
18
50
4
33
60

8

7
25
13
3
10

15
33
8
2

-

4
1

9
13
5
17
65
40

38
32
25
56
29
54
20

67
85
89

37
32
25
35
32
57
43
60
36
85
89

37
32
25
35
32
57
39
67
28
85
89

37
32
25
35
32
57
39
67
28
85
89

31
28
25
20

32
49
39
67
28
85
89

24
14
25
31
30
43
28
77
8

27
43

26
23
63
22
8

54
17
58
63
10

55
61
13
30
68

43
52
23
64
6
11

B o sto n , M a s s .

214

J o u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s ____________ — — — — — ------C o m m e r c i a l __________________ — __ — __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ ____ __ __
E l e c t r i c i a n s ____________________________ ____
C o m m e r c i a l ------------------------------------- — —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — „ __
P i p e f i t t e r s ___________ _________ ____ — —
C o m m e r c i a l ---------------------- — ------------ —
P l u m b e r s ____ — ------------ ------- ------- — -C o m m e r c i a l ---------------------- — __ __ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
Roof6 rs
_
.
^ ^
- -1 r. n-m-!.
C o m m e r c i a l ____________________ ______ — —
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------

4

-

2

-

57

-

1
26

18
100
10 9

4
36
26
54




n f t a K lp .

-

_

_

10

2

12

7

-

13

_

7

_
_

27

.
-

-

_

75

-

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ___ __________________ _________ —
—
C o m m e r c i a l ---------- --------------- - — ---------—
30
E l e c t r i c i a n s ____
_____ — — — — -------15
C o m m e r c i a l — — - ---------- — - — - —
P i p e f i t t e r s ------ ----------------- ------------------------------- — — 13 23
6
C o m m e r c i a l — _ --- ------- ------- — — —

2

57

_

_

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------ ------- n 93
100
C o m m e r c ia l ____ __ — _ __ _ __ _ —
100
'S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ---------------------- ---------- __
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ __ __ __ __
79
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s ------------ —
------ —
_ — 11 80
C o m m e r c i a l ----------------- ------ _ _____—
97
58
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -------- „ __ __ — __ __
78
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ------ __ ------- __
T r u c k d r i v e r s _ - ---------—
- ---------- — — 12 94
100
C o m m e r c i a l — -------- - - — _ — — — —
100
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _ ---------- ---------- ---------- _
67
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ _ ------

-

2

83

90
-

_

-

4

-

2
10

12

R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ____________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) ___

2

38
19

_
-

-

17

2
2

19
.
3

-

-

-

_

13
7
75

5
1

1

28

23
19
72
9
4
23
13
41

21
100

9
4
29
17
51

5
2

28
-

4
4
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

17

17

-

12

12

-

75

75

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

90
100
100
43

89
96
100
43

•-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

10
20

-

1
4
-

-

-

14
4
41

17
17
28
9
4
14
13
10

-

-

-

-

5
3
30

12

9
45

-

5

-

-

19
17
43
9
4

3

21

4

-

-

11

17
24

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

83

-

1
10

4
57
-

5
3
30
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

12

-

-

-

-

30
15
23
6

20

3
2

-

-

-

8

4
72
-

-

-

23
6

1
11

-

-

25
9
-

5
2

83

79
100
83
31

-

-

20
5
18

10
10
5
6

2

2

2

2

64
25

64
25

64
25

64
25

6

20

20

20

20

76
9
4
19
13
36

81
4
4
13
60

81
4
4
26
13
60

81
4
4
26
13
60

81
4
4
26
13
60

20
20
20
12
100
1

20
20
20
12
100
1

20
20
20
12
100
1

20
20
20
12
100
1

-

20
20
12
8

-

55

-

-

1

-

-

12

9
45

-

-

26

-

-

1
3
-

*
*
14
13
28
6
-

6

6

9

5
5

-

-

-

“

-

99

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

1
3

1
3

1
3

1
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
4
10
20

10
4
10
20

10
4
10
20

10
4
10
20

1
4

-

-

20
5
18

10
10
5
6

-

4
5
28
13
5
6

4
5
26
13
23
6

4
5
26
13
23
6

4
5
26
13
23
6

4
5
26
13
23
6

4
5
16
15

12

-

72
79
91
96
74
87
40
80
80
80

-

10
4
10
20

-

100

-

73
96
81
10

-

96
98
36

-

15
4
19
20

2

-

5
5
9
9
4

4
11

-

9

-

16

4

4

13

-

17

.

-

4

4

1
2

-

-

10
4
-

17
4

-

-

~

24

-

-

11
11
5
6

88

97
100
100
90
95
97
100
83
85
96
90
55
96
95
70
85
77
94

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
(percent of workers in construction e s ta b l is h m e n t s
not provided by union funds,•S e p t e m b e r 1973)

w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1

P e r c e n t 2 o f w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g —
W e e k s o f p a id v a c a t i o n s 4

P a id h o lid a y s

Occupation3 and type
of construction
T o ta l

or
le ss

or
6

or

8

T o ta l

to
under
1

2

2

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e . a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1
A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A fte r 1 y e a r
O ver
2

to
under
1

O ver

2

2

2

to
under

L ife H o s p i­
in s u r­ ta liz a ­
O ver
tio n
ance

1

2

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

2

2

S ic k n e s s
and
a c c id e n t
a n d /o r
s ic k
le a v e 5

R e t ir e ­
No
m ent
p la n s
p la n s 6

B o s to n , M a s s . C o n tin u e d
—

Apprenticea— Continued
Plumbers--------------------------Commercial
Residential (less than 5 stories)-----Sheet-metal workers
Commercial----------------------

215

Helpers and laborers:
Carpenters' helpers-----------------Construction laborers----------------Comme rcial---------------------Residential (less than 5 stories)
Street and highway
Other heavy construction
Electricians' helpers
Commercial
Residential (less than 5 stories)
Plumbers' helpers---------------- —..
..

14 77

52
96
10 5
5
35
9
1

40
21

13
10 93

92
100

60

5

_
9

-

_
_
_

_
"

6

16

25

_

_
-

42

_

35
3

_

33

17
17
20

33

-

-

55
49
80
27

72
39
96
5
5

56
16
84
5
5

9
24

84
9

35
7

-

1

-

“
1
1

40

33

21

21

1
1

-

93
92

86

7

92
60
33

40

1
1

100

33

7

_
"

-

56
16
84

"

84
4

-

-

33

-

1
1
31
25
60
33

16
24
12

5
5

4
1

7
21

-

62
67
40

-

"
-

18

-

31

-

84
4

-

33

-

1
1
24
25
20

-

42
39
45
5
5

12

-

20

-

-

-

1
1

3

7

-

69
67
80
33

-

38
24
48
5
5

68

68

68

68

24

24

24

24

100

100

100

100

5
5

5
5

5
5

5
5

100

100

100

100

2
21

9
4
51

9
4
51

9
4
51

9
4
51

16
5
4

-

21

21

21

21

21

86

86

86

86

17
40
25

92
60
25

92
60
25

92
60
25

92
60
25

-

*

21

-

-

-

-

-

24
24
25

-

4
2
2
21

-

35
34
40

-

32
76

5
5

95
95

3

21
2

14
17
-

“

-

91
96
49
79
98
7
8

75

C h ic a g o , 111.

Jonrneymen:
Carpenters
Commercial

-

-

Electricians------------------------Residential (less than 5 stories)
Elevator constructors
Commercial
Residential (5 stories or more)
Roofers --------------------------------------- —-------—-------Residential (less than 5 stories) _
Sheet-metal workers------------------------------------Comme rcial.......
...........
Residential (5 stories or more)------Equipment operators:
Truckdrivers------- ---- - ---- ----Commercial-,
_ __-___
.... —
Residential (less than 5 stories)-----Street and highway
Other heavy construction-----------Apprentices:
Sheet-metal workers — _______________
Commercial
Helpers and laborers:
Electricians' helpers
Residential (less than 5 stories)
Elevator constructors' helpers ... ..
Commercial— ..
..-...........................
Residential (5 stories or more)

See footnotes at end of table.




1

30
72
80
61
6

28
8
10

-

74
58
87
81
93
8
10

53
66

75

53

-

-

*

-

-

_

*

-

-

72
80
61
6

28
8
10

-

-

1

30
100
100
100

-

-

*
-

-

*
_

-

-

-

1

30
53
52
52
-

"

47
48
48
-

-

*

-

30
-

-

-

-

-

-

77

-

-

66

-

-

1

-

74
58
87
81
93

-

87
80
93

87
80
93

-

-

-

87
80
93

'
-

8
10

-

-

-

-

“

-

”

15 53
100

_
_

-

-

_
-

66

75

47

77

77

66

66

53
100
100
100
100

-

-

-

53
100

45
44
43

-#

-

55
56

57

-

-

-

53
100

-

-

*
*
-

-

-

_

-

*
-

-

-

100

■ ........ .

-

15 j
30
.
_

100
100
100

-

-

-

1

30
-

“

-

100
100
100

-

-

1
1
-

30
-

-

-

-

1

30
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

*

~

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
“

~
“

~
"

-

53
100

-

-

-

100
100
100

-

-

-

30
-

“

-

-

30
-

1

5
13
-

53

-

-

72
53
87
80
93

100

-

-

-

“

100
100
100

-

-

1

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

“
“

“

“

~
”

53

53
100

-

53

100

-

-

100

-

-

100

99
100

99
70
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99
100
100
100
100
100

47
100
100
100

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n fu n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g —

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tr u c ti o n
T o ta l

5
or
6

7
or
8

T o ta l

1 to
under
2

2

A f te r 10 y e a r s

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A fte r 1 y e a r
4
or
le s s

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1

W e ek s of p a id v a c a tio n s 4

P a id h o lid a y s

O ver
2

1 to
under
2

2

O ver
2

1 to
under
2

L ife
in su r­
O ver
ance
2

2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
R e tir e ­
No
a c c id e n t
m ent
a n d /o r
p la n s
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

C le v e la n d , O hio
Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n te r s
R e s id e n tia l (le s s th a n 5
C em ent m asons
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5
E le c tr ic ia n s
_
_
C o m m e r c ia l.
_ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5
P lu m b e rs
_
_
__
C o m m e r c ia l
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5

_ —
— - s to r ie s )
_ __
. . .
s to r ie s )
__ _
_ __
_
s t o r i e s ) _________
. . . .
.
.
.
s to r ie s )

-

-

-

3
12

3
12

-

-

-

3
12

-

-

3
12

-

_

_
_

_
_

_

4
4

4
4

-

-

4
4

-

-

4
4

-

-

5
7
-

_
_
-

5
7
-

-

6
7
10

6
7
10

-

-

-

6
7
10

-

-

6
7
10

-

100
100
100
100

_
_
_
-

100
100
100
100

_
-

99
89
100
100

99
89
100
100

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

99
89
100
100

25
29

-

25
29

-

25
29

25
29

-

n 19
19
1
17

-

1
17

-

-

52
52
1
17

52
52
1
17

-

-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
p n l lf ln v a r n p p r a f n r s
T ru c k d riv e rs
C o m m e r c ia l
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -----O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
A p p r e n ti c e s :
P l u m b e r s --------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n te r s ' h e lp e r s
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) . __
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
__
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) - _

-

-

99
89
100
100

-

-

25
29

-

-

25
29

-

52
52
1
17

•-

-

52
52
"

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

3
11
3
100
2
18
3
18

3
11
3
100
6
4
18
7
7
18
1
2

3
11
3
100
6
4
18
7
7
18
1
2

3
11
3
100
6
4
18
7
7
18
1
2

3
11
3
100
2
18
3
18
1
2

2
100

11 1
2

2
100

2
100

2
100

*
2
1
25
5
7
-

5
7
-

97
89
97
94
96
82
93
93
82
99
98

-

100
100
100
100

2
100

98

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

25
29

25
29

25
29

-

25
29

25
29

75
71

1
17

48
48
*
2

48
48
*
2

48
48
*
2

48
48
*
2

48
48
*
2

48
48
*
2

-

52
52
99
98

19
14
20
29
73
19
3
5
44
73
12
3
72
18
26
8
54

19
14
20
35
73
30
15
5
64
73
25
18
72
18
34
8
74

19
14
20
35
73
30
15
5
64
73
25
18
72
18
34
8
74

19
14
20
35
73
30
15
5
64
73
25
18
72
18
34
8
74

19
14
20
31
73
21
15
5
33
73
25
18
72
18
34
8
74

1
_
3
_
1
3
_
_
6
_
53
18
6
1
13

1
_
_
17
2
3
3
_
_

78
85
71
65
27
70
85
95
36
27
75
82
28
oc
66
92
26

-

D a l la s , T e x a s
J o u rn ey m e n :
C a r p e n te r s — — - ______
C o m m e r c ia l - - _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _ _ _
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------C em ent m aso n s
_ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l _______
_ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s __ _ __ _
_ __ ____ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l
—
— _ __
------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ _

6
4
6
-

16 4
3
_
-

2
1
6
-

-

12
3
33
30

11
3
33
13

_
_
-

_
-

5
3
9
7

8
_
24
23

_
-

5
3
9
7

6
19
23

1
5
-

8
15
5
12
3
72

1
_
5
_
-

5
12
_
_
12
3
72

1
3
-

19
27
25
6

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

15
24
20
9
2
61

5
3
5
6
3
1
11

.
-

12
4
72

18
21
25
4
12
4
72

15
24
20
9
2
61

5
3
5
6
3
1
11

_
_
_
_

37
27
53

-

30
15
53

7
12

57
38
85

52
38
74

4

-

31
19
48

22
19
26

31
19
48

22
19
26

4

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_

P ipofi fforo

P l u m b e r s __ - — _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l
_ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




-

11

_

4
_

11

_

11

_

13
7
21

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continueu
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s t r u c t i o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e l e c t e d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n f u n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 o f w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g —
P a id h o lid a y s
O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n
T o ta l

5
or
6

7
or
8

T o ta l

1 to
under
2

2

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A fte r 1 y e a r
4
or
less

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1

W e e k s o f p a id v a c a t i o n s 4

O ver
2

1 to
under
2

2

O ver
2

1 to
under
2

L ife
in su r­
O ver
ance
2

2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
R e tir e ­
No
a c c id e n t
m ent
p la n s
a n d /o r
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

D a lla s ,, T e x a s— C o n tin u ed
J o u r n e y m e n — C o n tin u e d
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________

9
6

_

9
6

"

9
6

8
6

1

3
2

6
4

-

"

_
"

-

3
2

5
4

1

11
11
9
6

11

11
11
9
6

11
11
9
6

11
11
9
6

11
11

9
6

“

_
“

89
89
91
94

217

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B ack -h o e o p e ra to rs
C o m m e r c i a l ------- -------- ------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -----------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n
_ __ _
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -----------------------------------O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
T ru c k d riv e rs
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ------------------------------------

52
100
67
33
_
35
_
-

1
_
1
14
2
_
-

15
100
15
19
33
-

36
50
-

59
9
100
11
73
43
50
29
18
20

56
9
56
7
73
39
30
29
18
20

2
44
-

-

55
9
33
5
73
38
23
29
18
20

2
22
6
5
27
-

2
44
-

55
9
33
5
73
38
23
29
18
20

2
22
6
5
27
-

2
44
-

39
9
56
32
42
41
59
51
78
76

40
9
56
34
42
43
68
51
78
76

40
9
56
34
42
43
68
51
78
76

40
9
56
34
42
43
68
51
78
76

37
9
56
20
42
• 43
66
51
78
76

10
22
13
4
6
8
“

12
9
4
15
23
20
33
-

60
91
44
66
58
57
32
49
22
24

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ■ ...------- — ------— ----------■
— —
E l e c t r i c i a n s ........ ......... ....... ......—
--------------------------

4

-

4

-

1
4

4

-

-

4

1
-

-

4

1
-

-

1
4

29
17
5

14
20
-

43
17
5

43
17
-

_
5

_
-

29
17
-

14
5

_
-

29
17
-

14
-

_
5

17
5

1
31
28
31
5

1
31
28
31
5

1
-

-

1
31
28
31
5

“
4

43
37
5

1
31
28
31
5

-

-

99
69
72
69
100
95

2
1
5
-

-

2
5
-

1
1
-

6
1
12
18

4
1
12
3

-

-

2
5
-

5
1
6
18

-

2
5
-

3
1
18

2
6
-

20
7
40
50
62
15
89
63
53
67

4
2
11
3
_
_
_
_
_
-

8
4
29
13
62
15
89
59
39
67

8
1
33
4
14
-

25
9
57
13
44
57
19
79
89
93
88

24
9
57
9
44
57
19
79
76
93
68

_

-

16
7
16
4
44
30
11
41
39
61
29

9
2
41
9
27
8
38
37
32
39

14
20

16
6
16
4
44
30
11
41
39
61
29

9
2
41
9
27
8
38
37
32
39

*
1
14
20

28
40
22
87
33
12
40
45
53
62
15
89
54
31
64

28
40
25
87
38
12
45
63
53
86
81
89
57
31
68

28
40
25
87
38
12
45
63
' 53
86
81
89
57
31
68

28
40
25
87
38
12
45
63
53
86
81
89
57
31
68

28
40
25
87
31
12
45
32
53
86
81
89
57
31
68

*
1
6
1
21
11
28
44
6
4
7

2
1
15
5
2
4
13
25
30
23

67
60
84
75
13
61
85
54
37
47
14
19
11
43
69
32

4
7
6
10
1
3

11
17
18
2
28
10
15
9

11
17
18
2
28
10
15
9

11
17
18
2
28
10
15
9

11
17 '
11
2
17
10
15
9

-

89
83
82
98
72
90
85
91

P lu m b e rs
......... ............. ........... ............................
C o m m e rc ia lS h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r s
H e lp e rs a n d la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s --------------------------------------C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_ __
—
- O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
- C o m m e r c i a l ----------------------------------------:------R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s .............................—.... ...... ........
C o m m e r c ia l

_

-

14
20

D e n v e r, C olo.
Jo u rn e y m e n :
B ric k la y e rs _
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n
C a r p e n te r s
C o m m e r c ia l
__
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n
C em ent m aso n s - - C o m m e r c ia l
_
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n

-

5 s to r ie s )
_
5 s to rie s )
- _
_
5 s to r ie s )

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b l e .




_
_ -

17
2
25
11
15
13

-

-

-

17
2
25
11
15
13

-

_
_
_
-

-

-

6
10
20
2
31
14
15
18

-

-

-

-

-

1
5
13

-

22
1
3

26
7
15
3

1

-

6
10
14

17

5
2
7
13
15
16

1
-

2
-

6
10
7
11
-

12
2
18
14
15
18

-

1
2
-

-

-

-

6
10
-

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n fxm ds, S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n ts p r o v id in g —
P a id h o lid a y s
O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tr u c ti o n
or
le s s

or
6

or
8

T o ta l

1 to
under
2

2

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A fte r 1 y e a r
T o ta l

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1

W eek s of p a id v a c a t i o n s 4

O ver
2

1 to
under
2

2

O ver
2

1 to
under
2

T.if e
O ver in s u r ­
ance
2

2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
a c c id e n t
M a jo r
M e d ic a l a n d / o r
s ic k
le a v e 5

R e tir e ­
No
m ent
p la n s
p la n s 6

D e n v e r , C o lo .— C o n tin u e d
J o u r n e y m e n — C o n tin u e d
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

_
_
_
_
17 5

218

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
........_.
( I pbr th a n •) n t o r i p s )
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------Bu11d«7.**r o p e r a t o r s
... __ ... ...
r » y » r J-|»3vy r n n a t n i r t i o n
'J’M irlrrtriv p ra
_______
---R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------a rw h ig h w a y
-J
_ .......
A p p r e n ti c e s :
Q f)/']r1gyA r^
........ ... .....
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------R e s i d e n t i a 1 (1**** th a n S s to r i p n )
m a «nnn
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l a s s th ^ n 5 s t o r i e s )
S h e e t- m e t a l w n r 'fAT*
........
...............
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------( 'n r n t m r t i n n l a b o r e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
......... ..............................
R e s id e n tia l ( l e s s th a n S s t o r i e s )
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e v a t o r e « n s t'r , , r trtr«* h e l p e r s
.
p i nm K . f a 1 h e lp e rs
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------- ------

_
_
_

_

R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

_
_

_

1
6
21
33

_
_
_

_
_
100
100
4
7
_
_
_
_

1
6
21
33

_

_
_
-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
16
16
13
1
31

_
_
_
_
. _
16
16
13
31
100
-

-

10
7
34
100
100
14
15

10
7
32
_
_
14
14

_

_
1
6

_
1
4

_

13
65

_
_
_
1
r

6

41
33
4
50

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
40
46
2

7
10
60
63
19

_
13
14
14

44

33

100
62
64

_
62
63

100
_
-

-

100
100
_
-

3
_
31
14
15
17
14
38
*
3

10
7
31
14
15
17
14
38
*
3

10
7
31
14
15
17
14
38
*
3 ’

10
7
31
14
15
17
14
38
*
3

10
7
31
14
15
17
14
38
*
3

. 7
7
-

-

_
_
_
_
_
-

13
65
20
_
3
50

_
_
21
33
1
-

_
_
_
_
-

12
58
20
_
2
38

1
6
21
33
2
13

_
_
-

10
15
_
4
56

23
65
15
20
6
94

23
65
15
20
6
94

23
65
15
20
6
94

21
58
15
20
6
94

“

10
15
"

77
35
85
80
100
94
6
100

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
40
46
_

_
_
_
_
2

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
40
46
_

_
_
_
_
2

_
-

_
_
_
-

13
39
7
16
72
-

13
39
7
16
72
-

13
39
7
16
72
-

13
39
7
16
72
-

_

-

13
39

_

-

-

-

87
61
93
84
28
100
100
100

_
5
5
1
3
100
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

7
10
42
44
8

_
18
19
10
1
23
29
29

_
_
1

7
10
40
42
6

-

23
34
1
1
10

30
44
52
55
19

30
44
52
55
19

30
44
52
55
19

30
44
52
55
17

14
33
34

23
3
29
30

44
3
29
30

44
3
29
30

44
3
29
30

40
3
29
30

-

-

2
100
_

1
2
100
_
-

20
3
"

70
56
48
45
81
99
56
97
100
71
70

*
1
4
2
26

6
10
_
_
.

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

94
90
100
100
100

-

_
1
1

_

-

_
_

10
7
34
_
5
8
_
_
1
6

_
_
21
33
_
-

_
40
46
2

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
9
7
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
100
100
_
_
_
_
_

_
100
100
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
10
7
_
_
*
3

10
7
32
_
_
5
7
_
_
1
4

_

_
_
100
100
9
7

-

*
_
2

19
_
34
34

-

20
21
12
1
28
29
30

-

9

90
93
69
100
100
86
85
83
86
63
100
97

D e t r o i t , M ich .
J o u rn e y m e n :
R e s i d e n t i a l (!• # # th ^ ij S s t o r i e s )
E le c tr ic ia n s
.
f n m m .T M a l
.
...

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e .




1
2
_

_

_
_

2

*
i

_
_

_
_

_

*
2
4
2
26

2
4
2
26

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
_
_

*
1
4
2
26

_
_
_

1
2
_
_
_

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e l e c t e d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n fu n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g —

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tr u c ti o n

A fte r 1 y e a r
T o ta l

4
or
le s s

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1

W e ek s o f p a id v a c a tio n s 4

P a id h o lid a y s
5
or

7
or

6

8

T o ta l

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A fte r 5 y e a rs
1 to
under

2

2

O ver
2

1 to
under

L ife H o s p i­
in s u r­ ta liz a ­
O ver
t io n
ance

2

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

2

2

S ic k n e s s
and
R e tir e ­
No
a c c id e n t
m ent
a n d /o r
p la n s
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

D e t r o i t , M ic h .— C o n tin u e d
J o u r n e y m e n — C o n tin u e d
P ip e fitte rs
_ - — _ - _ — — ------ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __ —
P l u m b e r s _ __ __ __ _ ____ __ __ — __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — __ __
R o o f e r s ________ _____ — ------- — _ — —
C o m m e r c i a l — . — _ — — — ------- —
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s „ __ — — _ ------- —
C o m m e r c ia l
_ — — ------- — — — R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

4
100
2
6

_
3
13

_
_
.
-

-

4

4

4

100

100
2
6
10
10

100
2
6
10
10

3
13

_
-

_
_
_

2

1

-

4

3
13

2
6

8

-

-

_
-

4
100
2
6
10
10
2

-

_
1

8

4

_
-

4
100
2
6
10
10
2

_
-

4

4

4

4

100

100
2
6

10 0
2
6

100
2
6

5
3
13

5
3
13

_
-

1

2

8

4

9

5
3
13

38

-

4
3

-

-

2
6

96
98
94

-

100
100

2

1

-

8

8

4

95
97
87

-

8

99

99

-

-

-

-

99

-

-

99

-

-

-

-

-

99

-

8

99

-

-

100
100
100

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ’ a p p r e n t i c e s _____________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

219

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
T r u c k d r i v e r s __ _ ------- ------- — — — C o m m e r c i a l --- ------ _ ------- ------- — O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n __ _ __ __ —

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
23

-

-

-

-

-

"

82
77

H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s
- — — _ — _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) __ __

*
4

"

*
4

-

*
4

*

*

-

*
4

-

-

*
2

*
3

*
3

*
3

-

-

2

-

*

2

-

*

2

99
97

_

38
8

38
8

38

38

38
8

8

1

L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a lif.
L
J o u rn ey m e n :
B ric k la y e rs — — _ _ „
_ — —
— —
C a r p e n te r s _ ■ „
_ „
— _ „
_ „
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) C em ent m asons
E le c tr ic ia n s
C o m m e r c ia l —__
_
—
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _ _
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) ___
P ip e fitte rs
___
C o m m e r c ia l— —
P lu m b e rs
—
—
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------ _
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s
C o m m e r c ia l. „ _
—
_
_ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs — _
____
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_ _ __ —

3
3
4

_

100

100

-

_
-

*

-

-

2

3
4

-

4
2

2
1
2
1

*
4
100
1
1

16
31

-

2

1
2
1

-

*
4
10
20
1

8
1
1

4
-

2
1

9

9

9

1
2

1
2

1
2

9

-

1
2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

100

6
12
1
1

"

.
_
-

-

-

-

2

1
1
1

*

_
1
1

5
9
-

1

*
4
11
22
2
1

9
"

_
100

_
1
2

-

2

1
1
1

♦
1

1
1

_
-

5
9
-

11
21
1
1

-

_
-

-

-

-

*
4
100

1
1
1

9
1
2

2

2

2

2

2

*

*

*

*

1

1

1

1

1

-

2

*

-

98
99
99

3
3
4
-

3
3
4
-

-

3
3
4
-

-

-

100

3
3
• 4
-

*
4
-

_
-

97
97
96
100

1
1
10
21
2
1

3
3
4
-

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

99
99

10
21
2
1

14
28

14
28

14
28

3
7

5

86

10

2
1

2
1

2
1

1

9

9

9

9

9

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

72
98
99
91
99
98

*
3

6
12
2
1

-

-

*
3

*
3

*

*
3

-

9
_

_
_
_
_

-

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
CJtro pf o nrl V grlnira y
ii
A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n te r s _
_ — _ _
— _ _
R e s id e n tia l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
E le c tr ic ia n s _
_
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _
P i p e f i t t e r s ___
__ _ _ — _
C o m m e r c i a l — — — _____ _
_ _ —

See fo o tn o tes at end o f table.




*

_
-

-

*

4

4

1
1
6

1
1
6

8
1
6

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
1
6
10
20

-

-

-

10
20

1

3

3
-

6
1
6
-

3

99
97

1

2

-

3

3

3

3

3

*

3
-

5
-

-

-

-

1
1
6

6
1
6

-

10
20

-

-

6
1
6
10
20

6
1
6
10
20

6
1
6
10
20

6
1
6
10
20

1
1
6
10
20

-

-

_
_
_

10
20

97
94
99
94
90
80

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
(P e rc e n t of w ork ers in construction establishments with form al provisions fo r paid holidays, paid vacations, and selected health, insurance, andi retirem ent plans
not provided by union funds, September 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g —
P a i d h o lid a y s
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n
T o ta l

5
or

7
or

6

8

T o ta l

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A fte r 1 y e a r
4
or
le s s

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s 1

W e ek s o f p a id v a c a t i o n s 4

1 to
under

2

2

O ver
2

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

H o s p i­
L ife
in s u r­ ta liz a ­
tio n
ance

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
R e tir e ­
No
a c c id e n t
m ent
a n d /o r
p la n s
p la n s 6
s ic k
lea v e 5

L o s A n g e le s - L o n g B e a c h , C a lif.— C o n tin u e d
A p p r e n ti c e s — C o n tin u e d
P lu m b e rs _ _
_ _
_
_ _ _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ____
_ _ __ —
C o m m e r c ia l..
_ __
_
_ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r u c t u r a l i r o n w o r k e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) —
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ' h e l p e r s __
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s

- — __ __ __ —
______
_ -

-

R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _ _ _
E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s ' h e lp e r s
( a l l c o m m e r c i a l ) -----__
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s (a ll r e s id e n tia l,
le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
__
_ _ _ _ _ _

12

18
9
4
44
15

_
_
_
_
_

10

14
3
4
_

-

3
4
7
44
15

35
52
9
4
44
15

28
42
7
44
15

7
11

3
4
-

"

15
23
"

20

29
9
4
44
"

15

15
23
-

19
28
3
4
"

*

20

20

1

29
9
4
44
15

29
9
4
44
15

7
44
15

30
44
9
4
44
15

30
44
9
4
44
15

30
44
9
4
44
15

3
4
7
“
44
-

10

"

4
*
27

-

-

-

4

-

2

_

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

-

100

-

100

-

100

-

-

-

100

-

-

10 0

-

19

6

86

61

25

35

51

-

35

51

220

4

4

1

1

1

1

27

27

27

27

2

2

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

67

67

67

67

6

“
-

■
7
?
-

7

“
7

“
7

“
-

2

2

2

-

-

-

"

-

67

-

25

-

4

*

4

27

-

4

-

4
1

4

*

4

15
-

_
-

70
56
91
96
56
85
96
99
73
98
100

19

33

M ia m i, F la .
J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ----------------------------------------------------R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
C a r p e n t e r s ___________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l .- —
_
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
— —
_ _ _ _ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . _ _ _ _ _ _
C e m e n t m a s o n s ---------------------------------------------S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y -----------------------------------E l e c t r i c i a n s __________________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
P l u m b e r s _____________________________________
C o m m e r c ia l _ _ _
________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s — _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S tru c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs _ _ _ _ _
- _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k -h o e o p e ra to rs
_ _ _ _ _
_ S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _ _
__
— _ _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
T r u c k d r i v e r s _________________________________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ------------------------------------

12

17 12

23

23

10
2

18 8
2

18

8

18
5
_
19 26
3
_
15 5

32

20

22

9
_

11
68
26

9
71

3
6
68

_
3

7

4

2

2

17

-

68

8
68

4

-

3
8

*
4
-

-

5

-

2

20

12

7
7
10

-

"
*
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

3
29

-

20

12

7
7
10.

-

*
4
-

_

_

-

"

-

3
29

2

-

2

6

11
68

-

2

6

11
68

5

-

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




100
26
11
100
20

10
10 0
26
11
100
20

10
10 0

10
100

10
100

26

26

26

11
100
20

11
100
20

11
100
20

79
18
38
13
28
3
17
3
29

79
18
38
13
28
3
17
3
29

79
18
38
13
28
3
17
3
29

79
18
38
13
28
3
17
3
29

79
18
38
13
28
3
17
3
29

6

6

4
50
7

4
50

20

10

10

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
29

3
29

-

_
_
_
_
-

5
50
29
35
34
52

-

1

1

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

_
-

31
38

31
38

-

10 0
100

-

"

31
38

100
100

-•
• _
-

31
38

100
10 0

_
-

100
100

-

31
38
52

60
50
49
60
61

60
50
49
60
61

60
50
49
60
61

60
50
49
60
61

86

100

100

100

100

25
35
57

19

34

34

34

34

34

28

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

12
21

12
21

12
21

12
21

12
21

20

_

_

20

17 2 0

5
50
29
35
34
52

12
21

9

*
“
-

1
2

32
7
7

_
46

6

71
_
_
13
_
27

12

_

6

6

71

71
5

8

7
7

-

6

71
3

6

71
3

A p p r e n ti c e s :
P lu m b e rs _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________

6
2

_
_
-

_

5

-

5

_

12
21

26
10

22
6
12

-

20

2
8

_
~
12

100
100

93
98
100

90
74
88

80
21

82
100

62
87
72
97
83
97
71
40
50
52
40
39
66
88
79

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
(P ercen t of w orkers in construction establishments with form al provisions fo r paid holidays, paid vacations, and selected health, insurance, and retirem en t plans 1
not provided by union funds, - September 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g —
P a id h o lid a y s
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tr u c ti o n

W e ek s o f p a id v a c a tio n s 4
A f te r 5 y e a r s

A fte r 1 y e a r
T o ta l

4
or
le ss

5
or

7
or

6

8

T o ta l

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
A f te r 10 y e a r s
1 to
under

L ife
O ver in s u r ­
ance

2

2

2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
R e tir e ­
No
a c c id e n t
m ent
p la n s
a n d /o r
p la n s 6
s ic k
lea v e 5

M ia m i, F la . — C o n tin u e d
H e lp e rs an d la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n t e r s ’ h e l p e r s _________ __ ____ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ______ ____
____ ____
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ____ ____ __ ____
C o m m e r c i a l ------------------------------------- —
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ ____ __ __
E l e c t r i c i a n s ’ h e l p e r s ________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s ______________ _____ ___
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________

33
26

70
20

3
23
20

63
23
34
40
42
50

9
3
_
6
2

24
22

70
14
1

7

_
15
63
19
-

20 40

2

47

-

30
29
70

24

6

22

70

7
_

1

12

10

1

-

3
_
9
58
23

3
5
58
23

4
-

3

23
3
3
6

2

28
33
-

22

6

26
18
3

7
18
3

_
_
_
"

18

12

22

-

7
70

1
2

11
1

*
3

_

6

7
18
3

8

58
20

16
19
-

_
-

18

12

22

-

7
70

1
2

11
1

_
_
-

33

38
29

3 8‘
29

22
100

38
29

38
29

_

_

100

100

100

100

6

6

14

24

24

24

24

3

1

1

58
20

16
19
-

6

7
18
3

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

21
100

21
100

_
19

_

21
10 0

100

74
87

64
74
87

64
74
87

64
74
87

64
74
87

28
_
21

23

6

20

20

20

20

20

20

23

23

23

23

23

23

-

7
9

7
9

7
9

10

1

8

20

7
9

_

*
3

3
_
_
_
32
_
5

6
1

6
1

2

39
35
17
71

39
35
17
71

1

79
6

1

1

1

62

71
_
76
99
100

79
_
36
26
13
80
77

N a s s a u — u ffo lk , N . Y.
S

221

Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ______________ ___________________
C a r p e n t e r s _____ _________ ____ ____
_
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ___ __ __
E l e c t r i c i a n s ________ ________ ________ _ __
C o m m e r c i a l ___________ ____ ____ __ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
P l u m b e r s __ _ ___
__ __ ____ __ _____ __
C o m m e r c i a l ____ ___________ _____ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
R o o f e r s _______________________________________
C o m m e r c i a l __________________ ____ — __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ________________________
C o m m e r c ia l - __ ___________ __ ____ —
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ____ ______________
C o m m e r c i a l __________________ __ ____
T r u c k d r i v e r s ________ __ — — __ ____
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ____ __ __ ____
_
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n — ____ ___ __

S ee fo o tn o te s at end of table.




-

2

6
8

12
1

-

17
23
31
13

85
35
17
71
21

18
26

-

13
13

"

66

_
"

—
11
1

77
5
5
5

2

2

18
25
14

22

-

13

1

1

-

1
100

27
17
46

21

21

18

18
26
13
13

26

13
13

16

92
27
17
46
-

-

8

8
8

"

2

3
4
11
1

77
21

17
30
-

15
21

3
23
5
_
16
21

18
26
13
13

_
-

C
O
<1

ww

> lT
< £
H«
KW

8
22

13
41
5
7
_

7

_
15
27
17
46

_
_
_
27
17
46

6
8
11
1

_
3
5
4

100

1

99
_
65
83
29
74
74
74
87
87

90
86
86

77
3
_
9
_
_
_
-

24
_
_
_
26
26
26
5
5

_

100
100
88

100
100

21

21

21

21

8
8

18
26
13
13

18
26
13
13

18
26
13
13

18
26
13
13

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
_
-

_
_
-

13
13

_
_
_
-

H0
"

-

-

41
48
23
61

-

41
48
61

18
-

11

-

11

"

214
__
27
—
__ 21 75
68
_
__
85

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s ____________ ___________ — — —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ____
E l e c t r i c i a n s ________ „ ____ — __ „ — —
C o m m e r c i a l — ____ ____ _____ _ ------P l u m b e r s ____ „ ____ ____ _ __ ____ „
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s _____ ____ __ __ „
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _ „ ____ __ „ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _____
E l e c t r i c i a n s ' h e l p e r s — ___________ ____

2

23
31

-

-

-

"

-

5

4

41
48
18
78
4

11

11

86

94
71
55
64
23
10 0

-

-

22
-

-

86

94
71 •

-

-

"

-

14
16
18
78
4

41
48
5

11

-

_
"

22

-

-

w 04

-

86

94
71

-

-

12

e g
O in
oo p4
> w
OH
p4 lm
k <
W
/-v co
2 o
H

5
_
61

_
5
_
61

_
5
_
61

_
_
_
61

_
_
_
61

_
_
18
_
_

_
_
5
_
_

O

11

11

11

11

11

-

-

35
35
*
4

35
35

35
35

23
23
*
4
40

12
12

2

35
35
*
4
60

35
35

2

-

87
87

77
100

39
89

$

__
„
—
_
__

100
100

12
12

3
27
40

-

88
88
1
11

-

60
60
4
39

60
60
3
36

40

100

100

2

*
3

-

-

60
60

-

-

2

2

-

-

23
40

16
60

-

17

17

10 0

10 0

2

17

_
_

40

54
54
98
83

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s i n c o n s tr u c ti o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n f u n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g —

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

A fte r 5 y e a rs

A fte r 1 y e a r
T o ta l

4
or
le s s

5
or
6

S
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i n e m e n t p la n l 1

W e ek s o f p a id v a c a t i o n s 4

P a i d h o lid a y s
7
or
8

T o ta l

1 to
under
2

O ver
2

2

1 to
under
2

2

A f te r 10 y e a r s

O ver
2

1 to
under
2

L ife
in s u r­
O ver
ance
2

2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
t io n

S u r­
g ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
R e t i r e ­ No
a c c id e n t
m ent
a n d /o r
p la n s
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

P h ila d e l p h ia , P a.--N . J .—- C o n tin u e d

222

J o u r n e y m e n — C o n tin u e d
R o o fe rs
_ _____
C o m m e r c ia l
_
S h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r s _
_
_ _
_ — C o m m e r c ia l
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) _ _

66
91
50
55
54

24 33
41
” 36
43

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s __
_ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l
_ _
_ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ____
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
____ ____
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tru c tio n
_
B u l ld o z e r o p e r a t o r s _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_
__ __ __ _
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . _ _ __
T ru c k d riv e rs
_ _
__ _ _
_ _
C o m m e r c ia l
_ ____
__ __ _ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_ _ _ _ _
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n
__ __ __

45
43
70
32
48
42
11
38
62
74
90
64
53
83

A p p r e n ti c e s :
B r i c k l a y e r s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l)
__ — _
C a r p e n te r s
- - R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
C em ent m asons
_ C o m m e r c i a l .. _ _
_ _
E l e c t r i c i a n s ( a l l c o m m e r c i a l) __ _ _ __
P ip e fitte rs
- P lu m b e rs
— - — _ _
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_
— _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s __
_
_ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l
H e lp e rs a n d la b o r e r s :
B r ic k la y e r s ' h e lp e r s
_ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c ia l
_
_ _
_____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _ _
C a r p e n t e r s ' h e l p e r s ________________________
C o m m e rc ia l_ _ _ _ _ _
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s ) — _ _
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s .
- C o m m e r c ia l
_ _ _ _ — _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -----------S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y
_
__ __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . _ __ _
E le c tr ic ia n s ' h e lp e r s
_
_
- E le v a to r c o n s tr u c to r s ' h e lp e r s
C o m m e r c ia l
_
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s
_
_ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________

See footnotes at end of table.




39
50
15
12
87

34
50
13
9
87

5
_
_
-

_
-

34
50
13
12
48

5
2
39

-

34
50
13
12
48

5
-

2
39

5
6
2
73

19
28
13
9
73

19
28
13
9
73

19
28
13
9
73

19
28
6
2
73

5
5
73

4
2
39

76
72
87
91
27

28
24
53
13
36
36
9
27
56
38
52
54
32
-

7
3
28
19
2
-

7
3
28
_
19
2
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

7
3
28
19
2
-

_

-

7
3
28
19
2
-

-

-

60
85
64
25
83

2
3
"

*
1
_
_
-

55
75
64
25
83

3
7
"

4
6
-

55
75
64
25
83

1
3
-

6
10
-

4
3
28
5
35
4
5
11
-

4
3
28
5
35
4
5
11
-

4
3
28
5
35
4
5
11
-

4
3
28
5
35
3
3
11
"

7
3
28
19
5

62
88
64
25
83

4
3
28
5
- 35
3
3
11
-

1
3
1
1
~

93
97
72
100
81
95
100
100
65
96
95
89
100
100

11
14
13
_
46
5
91
62
“

_
70
4
5
_
-

47
5
15
16
_
58
19
100
67
“

47
5
15
■
13
_
55
14
100
67
“

_
“

_
■

47
5
15
4
_
45
19
74
67
”

12
_
12
26
“

_
_

47
5
15
4
45
19
74
67
“

12
12
26
“

"

47
13
_
19
5
35
5
“

47
5
15
16
_
58
19
100
5
-

47
5
15
16
_
58
19
100
5
“

47

5
15
16
50
5
100
5
“

47
5
15
13
31
5
61
5

10
19
40
5
“

4
31
5
60
-

53
95
85
100
100
84
100
42
81
95
100

-

_
_
16
_
13
4
3
5
9
30
31
64
_

7
_
32
62
13
100
14
12
29
11
8
100
100
100
74
100

-

32
40
13
73
13
12
17
11
8
100
5
10
42
100

_
-

7
32
47
13
67
10
6
19
11
2
87
5
10
42
23

3
7
3
4
3
5
13
26
54
32
77

13
27
2
2
7
-

7
32
47
13
67
10
6
19
11
2
87
5
10
42
23

3
7
3
4
3
-

13
27
2
2
7
5

5
21
41
58
35
5
2
14
3
14
39
26
54
36
88

63
58
80
7
5
22
3
14
69
31
64
42
100

63
58
80
7
5
22
3
14
69
31
64
42
100

63
58
80
7
5
22
3
14
69
31
64
42
100

5
21
16
35
4
1
14
16
9
26
54
19
46

19
40
3
1
7
3
9
33
26
54
20
47

_
_
_

34
50
13
11
53

-

*
1
_
2
_
2
3
11
-

15
18
18
18
5
5
2
11
6
32
32
21
83

1
_
81
14
17
5
53
19
91
73
40

1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
11
40

15
11
32
56
39
61
23
18
32
19
41
100
100
100
69
89

25 15
11
32
22
22
27
2
7
3
31
_

-

18
18
22
16
15
20
12
26
40
69
36
69
89

7
-

-

_
*
1
-

_
_
95
90
-

-

_
_
-

_
_

-

"

-

69
36
-

.

-

13
26
54
32
77

-

69
36
-

“

70
53
80
5
2
20
9
43
26
54
36
88

35
2
2
■

"
95
100
79
28
42
20
92
95
78
97
84
31
69
36
58

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n f u n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g —

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tr u c ti o n
T o ta l

5
or

7
or

6

8

T o ta l

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A f te r 5 y e a r s

A fte r 1 y e a r
4
or
le s s

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1

W e ek s of p a id v a c a tio n s 4

P a id h o lid a y s

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

1 to
under

- L ife
in su r­
O ver
ance

2

2

2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
a c c id e n t
a n d /o r
s ic k
le a v e 5

R e tir e ­
No
m ent
p la n s
p la n s 6

S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif.
O
J o u rn e y m e n :
S h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r s __________________ — —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

3

-

3

8

8

-

13
37

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
T r u c k d r i v e r s --------------- ----------------- — — —
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ______________ — — —

-

-

-

-

A p p r e n ti c e s :
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s __ ____ ___________ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

-

-

-

-

27
65

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ______________ ____ —
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y --------------------- ------- —

-

-

-

-

10

3

30

8

-

8

8

13

13

"

"

27
65

-

-

1

1

4

-

-

4

-

13
37

-

13
37

13
37

13
37

13
37

"

-

30

87
63

8

"

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

■

13

100
100

"

-

27
65

"

27
65

27
65

27
65

27
65

27
65

“

"

73
35

-

1

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

4

“

100
100

"

13
37

-

8

13

-

“

-

27
65

1

-

4

10

S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a sh .
E

223

Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s _________ ____ ____ — -----------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — _ __

-

-

3

A p p r e n ti c e s :
C a r p e n t e r s _________ ________ _____

_____ —

-

"

-

H e lp e rs and la b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s ____________________ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) -------------

2
21

-

-

1

2
21

2
12

2
12

-

"

-

2
12

"

34

1

3

34

-

"

-

34

"

.6
88

6
88

-

-

-

6
88

-

-

2

1

3

2
12

2
12

2
12

2
12

2
12

2
12

“

98

9
34

"

-

34

34

34

34

34

34

_

66

5
67

2
21

6
88

6
88

6
88

6
88

6
88

6
88

-

94

88

12

W a sh in g to n , ;D .C .— d.—
M
Va.
J o u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ______________ ______________ —
C o m m e r c i a l ________________________ _____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C a r p e n t e r s ___________________ ____ ________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C e m e n t m a s o n s ____ ______________ ____ —
C o m m e r c i a l ____________________________ —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y __ ____________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n _________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s ______________ ____ — ________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
P i p e f i t t e r s _______________________ ________ —
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
P lu m b e r s ____________________ ______________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
R o o f e r s _______________ ________________________
C o m m e r c i a l _______________________________
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le.




2
1

5
22
10

1

1

-

4

2
8

11

5
_

_
43

4
_
15

22

6

2

4

_
18
16
_
43
30
77
16
15
25
14
50
34
33
36

_
9
_

8

16
_
14

20
20
22

39

5
5

2

11
10

18

3
_
14

45

20

12

2

6
8

_
_
.
_
_
_
5
7
_
5

6
5
-

6
6
11

29
15
_
52
15
5
25
64
50
35
90
28
25
60
47
78
24
33
7

3
1
8
20

14
32
8

5
8

29
40
30
63

3
8
2

16
2

_
8

21

-

17
45
26
72

-

21

28
7

_
3
5

-

3
4
1
21
8

3
1
8
8

39

5
13

10

2

5

16
-

8

48
30
33
25
16
14
41
30
53
18
24
7

20
2

65
12
11

19
17
25

6

9

5
5

-

1
1
1

1
2

19
7
37

15

10

6

5

17
16
-

_
_
_
-

8

48
28
30
25
16
14
37
29
42
18
24
7

8

9
6

22

4
65
12
11

23
18
35

6

9

1
2

_
-

8

12

12

7

8

9
7
24
19
15
33
24
13
32
48

14

14

14

13

8

12

12

12

12

14
-

34
26
15
50
31
29
34
16

34
15
49
31
29
34
16

34
26
15
49
31
29
34
16

33
25
15
48

7
17
7
34
5
-

68

68

68

68

45
28
90
31
25
58
47
73
19
24
7

50
34
92
35
30

50
34
92
35
30

50
34
92
35
30

68

68

68

53
90
19
24
7

53
90
19
24
7

53
90
19
24
7

26

12

11

28

25
34
16
50
48
32
90
35
30
68
53
90
19
24
7

80
73
88

7
7
-

63
74
85
43
64
71

8

8

66

16
50
40

34
50

36
32
47
61

22

90
26
24
24
24
29
13
19

6
6

21

15
38
15

1
1

46
40
50
-

8

63
68

26
37
10

81
76
93

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c tio n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a tio n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s
n o t p ro v id e d b y u n io n fu n d s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

1

P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g —

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tru c tio n
or
le s s

or
6

or

T o ta l

8

to
under
1

O ver

2

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A f te r 5 y e a r s

A f te r 1 y e a r
T o ta l

H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i n e m e n t p la n s

W eek s of p a id v a c a tio n s 4

P a id h o lid a y s

2

1 to
under

2

O ver
2

2

2

1 to
under

2

2

O ver
2

L ife
in s u r­
ance

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
a c c id e n t
a n d /o r
s ic k
le a v e 5

1

R e tire ­
No
m ent
p la n s
p la n s 6

W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . ,— C o n ti n u e d
J o u r n e y m e n — C o n ti n u e d
__

26 30

23

26

21

49

38

_
_

9
9

_________

62
58
86

C o m m e r c i a l _________ _____

_

_

9
9

1
1

28
36
39
28
18
9
_
_

53
48
81
5
5

51
46
81
_
_

_
_
_

1
1

_
_
_
_

39
37
49
_
_

13
10

32
5
5

22

_
_
_

22

17
_
_

29
25
49
5
5

2

15
-

50
47
69
5
5

52
47

52
47

52
47

52
47

86

86

86

86

5
5

5
5

5
5

5
5

29
19

49
52
59
50
29
9
48

50
52
59
28
50
29
9
48

50
52
59
28
50
29
9
48

44
49
59
28
38

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a to r s :
76
84
74
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------------28
74
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ----------------------------B u l l d o z e r o p e r a t o r s ______ __ -------- — — — 10 59
68
f! o m m (> rria l
_____ ___ ___
R ^ p i d o u t i a l ( I p s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) .... _
26
47
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y __________________________
O fh e r h e a v y c o n s tru c tio n
58
60
T rn p W riv P T H
____
____ ___
_
51
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n S s t o r i e s ) ......... ........
21
30
S t r e e t a r,d h i g h w a y
...............
78
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ---------------------------10

224

A p p r e n tic e s :
B ric k la y e rs
________ ___
C o m m e rc ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------- __
C a r p e n t e r s ___ ____ _____ _
C o m m e rc ia l
P p g i ^ e n t i ^ l ( l e a s t h a n *i s t o r i e s )
E l e c t r i c i a n s -------- ------------- -------- ------ — —
R e s id e n tia l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _
p ip e fitte rs
C o m rn e rc is l . ,
...... P lu m b e rs
C o m m e rc ia l
......
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s . .
C o m m e rc ia l
____ ___ __________ ___
S tr u c tu r a l ir o n w o r k e r s ( a ll c o m m e r c ia l) —

H e lp e rs a n d l a b o r e r s :
B ric k la y e rs ' h e lp e rs
_ ____ ___
C o m m e rc ia l
—
R e s id e n tia l ( le a s th a n
s to rie s )
...........
C a rp e n te rs ' h e lp e rs
...........
C o m m e r c i a l ______ _ - — -------- — — R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b l e .




_
3
4
_
26
3
10

18
_
_
3

_
_
15

_
_

53
23
16
67

28
27 14

8

8

51

44
14
50
33

15

6

8

39

_

86

22

22
1

38

5
_
_
_

9

23
9
9

7
_
28
3

_ .
_

75

_■
_
7
_
25
3
_
16

_

_

_

3
3

9
10

_

35
31

7

4

3

12

8

44
48
42

18
13

5
18
13
21

11

73
7
71
84

2

_
_

49
7
28

20

68

_
_
3
13

21

27

-

_

11

_

31
13
9
25
33

_
6

21

34
74

31

_
_

_
_
6

7
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

65

-

20

34
22

_

30

21

12

13
42
39
65

14
10

_
_
_

*
_

17

26

79
2

3
16
14
35
31
-

16

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

18
15
39
33
15
8

9
_
53
3
63
84
21

31
59

17
7
53
23
3
_
20

4
8

_
3
15

7
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

6

9
26

19
67
3
3
6

_

4
35
31
“

_
_

1
12

40
60
29

_

"

7

10

24
57
69
50

_
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
_
_
_

_
31
.

2
6

_

_
_
"

13
15
39
33
3
8

9
_
53
3
63
84
21

31
59

11
1
1

14
13
35
31

2

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

"

13
9
25
23
25

“

_
10

67
2
2
1
1

8

4

5

2

11
20

30
14
39

39
10

22

7
53
35
3
_
20

4
8

3
15

_
_
_
_
"

17

11

11

-

_
_

_
_
_
-

1
1

_
5
16

13
9
25
23
25
11
1
1

14
13
35
31
"

33
40
31
9
48
78
37
27

25
41
17

4
19

20

20

20

30

-

12

8

8

43
3
24

43
3
13

54

9
15
-

28
48
14
9
28

2

43
3
27

22

”

10

10

10

10

10

18
-

18
-

18
-

18
-

22
11

22
11

22
11

22
11

53
34
27
79
7
3
16
14
35
31
■

53
34
27
79
7
3
16
14
35
31
■

53
34
27
79
7
3
16
14
35
31
"

53
33.
26
79
7
3
16
14
35
31
“

6
2

24
7
3

13
14
29
31
“

4
29
31
-

23
25
24
63
81
53

23
25
24
62
81
53

23
25
24
62
81
53

23
25
24
60
75
53

9
5
30
27
32

11

25
13
32

10

48

40
15

2

1
1

9
9
11

28
26

20

43
3
27

“

1

47
48
41
39
47
63
91
52

39

40
15

2

“

2
2
1
1

9
6

20

43
3
27

_
_

67

19
11
10

40
15

2

18
_
_
23
13
79
7
3
31
30
25
31
“

10

39
43
14
95
95

3
49
-

43
79
27

_
*_
_
.
_
_
_

11

31
_
-

2

_

20

29
25
55
-

32
40
47
5
5

_
5
16
1

7
5
42
60
33

8

28
18
8

79

6

8
6

6

14
32
-

13
29
4

2

54
73
98
57
18
73

63
36
100

76
86

47
66

73
21

93
98
69
70
58
61
100

64
46
76
37
19
47

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n f u n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g —
W e ek s of p a id v a c a tio n s

P a id h o lid a y s
O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tru c tio n
T o ta l

4
or
le s s

5
or

7
or

T o ta l

8

6

to
under
1

O ver

2

2

2

1 to
under

2

2

an d r e tir e m e n t p la n s

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

O ver

2

H e a lth , in s u r a n c e ,

4

A f te r 5 y e a r s

A f te r 1 y e a r

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

L ife
in s u r­
ance

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

1

S ic k n e s s
and
R e tire ­
No
a c c id e n t
m ent
p la n s
a n d /o r
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

N e w a r k , N .J .
Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s _____ ___ _—-------------------—----------------C o m m e r c i a l __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C em ent m asons _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e r c i a l __ __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
E le c tr ic ia n s .
_
_ ____
C o m m e r c i a l ___
_ __ _ __ _ __
__
_ __
_ _ __
— __
P lu m b e rs
C o m m e r c i a l __ __ _ _____ __ ________ _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ------------R o o f e r s ----------------- -------------------------------------------— __ - — C o m m e r c i a l ___
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s _ _ _ _ _
C o m m e rc ia l.
__
_ _ _ _ _ _

225

E q u ip m e n t o p e r a t o r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ___ __
_ __ _ _ _ _
----C o m m e r c ia l.. _
_ _ _ _ _ _
B u l l d o z e r o p e r a t o r s ----_
----- _ _ _ _ _ _
T ru c k d riv e rs
_
_ _
_ — _____
C o m m e r c i a l _________________________________
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tru c tio n
_ _ --------

A p p r e n tic e s :
E l e c t r i c i a n s --------

_ — _

------

_
_
_
_
_
14
7
23
_
_
_

_
_

11

11

6
21
21

6
21
21

22
21

22

13

21

11

15
35
_
-

33
78
42
33

24
58
42
33

2

2

-

3

-

3

3

-

22
2

3

3
3
22 64
63
47

_
_

1

3
_

4
_

14
56
3
79
100

14
56
18
37

3
_
-

“

-

11

37

21

"

~

21

2

5

65
65

6
8

13
14
22
21

45
7
97
33
22
2

-------- —

H e lp e rs a n d l a b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t i o n l a b o r e r s _ __ _ _____ ___ __
C o m m e r c i a l ------------- -------- — __ — — _
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y __ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ __ _
P l u m b e r s ' h e l p e r s . . ----------------------------------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) --------- _

6
8

13
14
_
16
_
39
33

6
6
10

-

6

10

100
100

22
22

_
13
13

21

_

21

5

4

6

6

87
87

87
87

_
_
_
8

20

_
_
_
_
-

11
6
21
21

24
58
18
21

-

22
21
8

20

24
12
2

3

13
56
18
37
"

3
-

-

61
63
37

“

■

“

21

-

-

4

-

-

6

87
87

1

_
_
-

11
6
21
21

24
58
18

14
13

-

8

24

20

-

~

13
56
18
37

3
-

■

■

-

61
63
37

1
1

6
8

6
8

6
8

-

13
14
23

13
14
23

3
3
9
9
23

21
20

21
20

21
20

8

21

13
14
23

8

21
20

21
20

8

8

8

8

8

35
24

35
33

35
33

35
33

35
33

12
2

12

22

22

22

22

27

27

27

27

27

3

6

6

6

6

6

4
-

3
3
4
-

3
3
4
-

3
3
4
-

“

61
63
37

11

11

11

11

"

"

21

"

“

21

4

*
-

-

1
1

5

5

5

1

6

6

6

2

65
65

65
65

65
65

65
65

65
65

21

6

87
87

1

21

21

5

2

6

3
4
4

13
14

94
92
87
86

77
79
80
92
65
67
78
73
94

12

12

13
-

13
9

1

"
4
-

100

11

89

-

10

“

98
100

97
96

“

79

21

‘

4
5
■

2

3
"

95
94
100

35
35

N e w Y o r k , N .Y .
Jo u rn e y m e n :
C a r p e n t e r s ______ __ _ -------- — __ - — C o m m e r c i a l _____ _____ __ __ __ __ — _
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
C e m e n t m a s o n s _ _____ _____ _____ — — C o m m e r c i a l _________________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s __ _ — __ -------- _ __ — -_ C o m m e r c i a l _____
__ _ — __ __ — — R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) -------------P i p e f i t t e r s _____ __ __ __ -------- -_ -------- C o m m e r c i a l ____________________ __ — — P l u m b e r s ____ ___________________ — — ----C o m m e r c i a l _______ ____________ ____________
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
__ ____
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ________
R o o f e r s ______ ____
____ — ------ —----C o m m e r c i a l _________________________________
S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s --------_ _ __ __ __ _____
’

S ee fo o tn o te s at end of table.




2
2

19
3
2

87
83
96
214
4
“

11
1
12

10

52
17
3

_
_
_
83

1

1

1

1

2

_
16
87
83
96
3
-

-

-

3
2
2

*
*
_
_
-

11

_
_

8

8

-

*
*

_
_
*
*

11
1

10
1

12

12

52
3

52
-

1
2

1
2

*
*
_
-

3

-

7
1
12
22

-

1

8

1
2

*
*
3

—
*
*
4
30
_
-

2
1

11
-

-

1

8

1
2

5
*
12
11

3

*
*
4
30
-

-

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

99

17
9
-

17
9
-

17
9
-

-

-

-

100

8
1

8

9
-

12

12

12

12

41
-

41

41
3

41
-

17
4
30
-■
-

-

3

8

*
*
2

*
11

-

7
1

52
3

83
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

89
99
88

48
100
100

97

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c tio n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a tio n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth ,
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n fu n d s , S e p te m b e r 1973)

in s u ra n c e , an d r e tir e m e n t p la n s

1

P e r c e n t 2 of w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g —

O c c u p a tio n 3 a n d ty p e
of c o n s tru c tio n

4
or
le s s

5
or

7
or

6

8

T o ta l

to
under
1

O ver

2

2

2

to
under
1

O ver

2

2

2

a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n is

A f t e r 10 y e a r s

A f te r 5 y e a rs

A f te r 1 y e a r
T o ta l

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e ,

W eek s of p a id v a c a tio n s 4

P a id h o lid a y s

1 to
under

O ver

2

2

2

L ife
in s u r­
ance

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
a c c id e n t
a n d /o r
sic k
le a v e 5

1

R e tire ­
m ent
p la n s 6

No
p la n s

N e w Y o r k , N .Y .— C o n ti n u e d
E q u ip m e n t o p e r a to r s :
B a c k - h o e o p e r a t o r s ___ _____ — __ _____ -—
C o m m e r c i a l ____________________ __ -------- __
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________ _____ — —
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ____ __ __ __ __
B u l l d o z e r o p e r a t o r s __ __ __ _____ — — __
C o m m e r c i a l _____________________ _____ ______
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ____ __ __ __ __ _ —
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n . _____ __ __ __
T ru c k d riv e rs
_ —
C o m m e r c i a l . . _____ _____ _________ __ __
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ________,___ ____ _ __ __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n __
__ __ __ _

226

A p p r e n tic e s :
E l e c t r i c i a n s __ _
__
— — —
C o m m e r c i a l ________________ _____ _____ —
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e ) _ _ _ _ _ _
P i p e f i t t e r s _______ ____________ _____ — -------____________ —
C o m m e r c i a l ________ ___ __
P l u m b e r s ___________ _____ — — — — -------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) _________
H e lp e rs a n d l a b o r e r s :
C o n s t r u c t i o n l a b o r e r s _ ------ ----------------- -------C o m m e r c i a l . . ------------- __ __ __ ------------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — __ __
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ------ -------- -------- _ —
' P l u m b e r s ’ h e l p e r s __ _ -------- -------- __ __ __
C o m m e r c i a l __ _ ____________ __ — -------R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) ---------------

79
96
44
95
92
94

. _
-

100

-

-

86

-

-

15
6

2

4

a

_
-

3
3
_
_

72
93
96
60
54

79
96
21 1 2
12
11 2

26

14
21 6 8
12
100

-

-

2

2

2

_
-

95
92
94

-

-

95
92
94

100

-

"

100

-

-

2

2

15

15

-

-

*
-

86

79
96
-

1

*
-

18

6

3

10

-

_
_

11

-

_
23

1

1

19
91
75

19
91
75

-

-

100

100

-

-

2

-

"
1

12

14
23
63

49

-

6

42

95
92
94
100

2

15
25
51

-

-

17
12
26

P h ila d e lp h ia ,
Jo u rn e y m e n :
B r i c k l a y e r s ----------------------------------------- -------- __
C o m m e r c i a l ________________ _____ _____ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — __ __
C a r p e n t e r s __ _____ _____ _____ — -------- —
C o m m e r c i a l — — _ -------- -------- -------- —
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
------ __
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — __ _
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ------ — __ -------- — __
O t h e r h e a v y c o n s t r u c t i o n ------ ------------------C e m e n t m a s o n s ---------------------------- ------------- —
C o m m e r c i a l . . ------------------------ -------- __ __
S t r e e t a n d h i g h w a y ------ -------- -------- _ —
E l e c t r i c i a n s --------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l — ------------- -------- — — —
E l e v a t o r c o n s t r u c t o r s ------ -------- -------- — —
C o m m e r c i a l ________________ — — -------- P ip e f itte r s —
____________ ____________ — —
C o m m e r c i a l ------------- -------- ------------------- —
P l u m b e r s ------------------------------------------------------------C o m m e r c i a l _________ ___________ — — —
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s t o r i e s ) — __ __

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le.




6

23 6

4
17
16
9
93

4
17

-

.-

2
1

11

2

8

87
18

5
9
5

18
87

93
3
-

11

2

12

1

12
21

16

14
13
82
56
5
5
15

26
11

63
20

16
100
100

24
3
_
_
_

6

-

5
19

_
_
_

6

69

4
55

2

2

17
14
3
93
38
-

17

8

10
2

70
29
8

1
1

*
-

6

6

24

2

1

25
14

11

1

10

18
44

100

7
3
7

97
93

100

2
1

4
4

2
1

1
1

3

20

17

13

6

2

-

74

74

. -

2

17

-

-

1

1

2

1

93
32
-

-

5
82
56
-

11

6

1

- .
3
3

3
24
7
4
3
7

15
37

2
2
10

2
2
10

6

44

30

2

7
6

2

17
11
2

93
32
6

3
24
7
4
3
7

-

1

19
48
63
23

2

2

-

-

"
“

-

~
-

-

“
-

~
-

"
-

2

2

2

2

2

2

15

15

15

15

15

25
51

*
-

#

*
-

*
-

6

6

6

6

50
74

60
25
74

60
25
74

60
25
74

“
25
51

-

5
34

-

-

1

6
1

10

10

3
31
5
3
24
9

3
31
5
3
24
9

95
92
94

■
“
"
■
“

2

2

98

“
"

"

100
100
100

~
~
“

_
"
“
“
“
-

"
5
5
_

15

2

“
_
2

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100

95
95
98
85

*

98

“

-

100

6
10

6

94
90
23
63
_

11

54

23

12
100

P a .- - N .J .

1
1

1

3
3
2

7
6

15
37

2

2

2
10

2
10

6

44

30

2

"

15

2

2

100

-

5
82
56
-

21

5
3
24
5
5
15
37
2
1
12
1

50

9
2

31
5
3
24
9

"
7
26
-

5
34
5
-

95
2

-

20

8

-

"
5
3
24
3

100
66

90
97
100

69
100
100

2
1

3
3
3
15
37
-

14

8

10

1

1

1

72

59

37

95
97
76
91
92
82
56
97
97
82
97

41

28

8

8

8

18
44
3
3
18
3
72

18
44
3
3
18
3
72

18
44
3
3
17

2

2

3
6

5
15
37

1

15
37
2
1

Table 125. Employee benefits not provided by specified union funds: Selected areas— Continued
( P e r c e n t of w o r k e r s in c o n s tr u c ti o n e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r p a id h o lid a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d s e le c te d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1
n o t p r o v id e d b y u n io n f u n d s , S e p t e m b e r 1973)
P e r c e n t 2 o f w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s p ro v id in g —
F a id he lid a y s
O c c u p a ti o n 3 a n d ty p e
o f c o n s tr u c ti o n

W e ek s of p a id v a c a tio n s 4
A fte r 1 y e a r

T o ta l

4
or
less

5
or

7
or

6

8

T o ta l

to
under
1

O ver

2

2

2

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p la n s 1

A fte r 5 y e a rs
to
under
1

2

2

A fte r 10 y e a r s

O ver
2

to
under

in su r­
O ve r
ance

1

2

2

2

H o s p i­
ta liz a ­
tio n

S u r­
g ic a l

M e d ic a l

M a jo r
M e d ic a l

S ic k n e s s
and
R e tir e ­
a c c id e n t
No
m ent
a n d /o r
p la n s
p la n s 6
s ic k
le a v e 5

W a sh in g to n , D. C.—M d.— a.— C o n tin u e d
V
H e l p e r s a n d l a b o r e r s — C o n tin u e d
C o n s t r u c t io n l a b o r e r s _
_ _
_____
r .n m m p r r i a 1
R e s i d e n t i a l (5 s t o r i e s o r m o r e )
R e s id e n tia l ( le s s th a n 5 s to r ie s )
S t r e e t a n d h ig h w a y ____ __
_
_
O th e r h e a v y c o n s tr u c ti o n _ _ _ _ _ _ _
E le c tr ic ia n s ' h e lp e r s
_ ..........
C o m m e r c ia l
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s th a n 5 s t o r i e s )
P lu m b e r s ' h e lp e r s
... _.
C o m m e r c ia l
.............._
R e s i d e n t i a l ( l e s s t h a n 5 s to r i e s )

18
7
5
36
-

31
71
81
61
38
17
61

4
2

8
-

4
28 3 9
51
29
*
1

9
4
5
20

3

19

10

-

10
6

7
3
7
7
25
55
64
46

7

-

-

18
27

9
5

20

10

33
30
5
56

-

7
10

4

33
17
31
73
64
80
81
76
84

68

53
79

4
1

_
13
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

9
7
_
16
15
10

45
57
35
49
24
68

8
2
6

2
1

13

4
_

2
21

27
7
45
32
52
16

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

8

10

5
_
15
15
4
45
57
35
46
24
61

4

2
1

14

_
4

2
26

_

6

27
7
45
35
52
22

_
_
_
_
_
_

24
15
23
27
36
47
75
69
80
67
76
55

31
19
27
43

31
19
27
43

31
19
27
43

29
19
27
38

6
2
21

65
75
67
82
90
85
94

65
75
67
82
90
85
94

65
75
67
82
90
85
94

58
73
65
80
90
85
94

40
73
65
80
39
58
23

14

11
8
3
7

28
22

50
55
46
55
71
36

64
77
73
56
64
33
18
19
18
7

g
6

• „ I“ c l " d e s ° n l y th o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t p a r t of th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r a n d e x c lu d e s le g a l ly r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k e r s ' c o m p e n s a tio n a n d s o c ia l s e c u r i ty ; h o w e v e r p la n s
r e q u i r e d b y S ta te t e m p o r a r y - d i s a b i l i t y la w s a r e in c lu d e d if th e e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u te s m o r e th a n is le g a l ly r e q u i r e d o r if th e e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e b e n e fits in e x c e s s of l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n ts .
. ,
. . A U w o r f e r s (u n io n a n d n o n u n io n ) m a g iv e n o c c u p a tio n e q u a l 100. T o ta ls f o r h o lid a y a n d / o r v a c a tio n p r o v is i o n s m a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s w ith s p e c i f ic b e n e f i ts n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y . W h e re
i n f o r m a t io n o n p a id h o l id a y s , p a id v a c a t i o n s , a n d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e t i r e m e n t p l a n s i s p r e s e n t e d , i t i s lim it e d to t h o s e o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ic h w a g e d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r u n io n a n d n o n u n io n w o r k e r s
c o m b in e d m t a b l e 1 .
3 O v e r a ll o c c u p a tio n m a y in c lu d e d a ta f o r w o r k e r s in ty p e (s ) of c o n s tr u c ti o n n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 V a c a tio n p a y s u c h a s p e r c e n t of h o u r ly e a r n in g s w a s c o n v e rte d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l e s ta b l is h m e n t
p r o v is i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o v is io n s in d ic a te d a t 5 y e a r s m a y in c lu d e c h a n g e s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 1 a n d 5 y e a r s .
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e .
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y p e n s io n s o r r e t i r e m e n t s e v e r a n c e p a y .
’
W o r k e r s n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 6 p e r c e n t a t 1 d a y ; 9 p e r c e n t a t 3 d a y s ; a n d 9 p e r c e n t a t 4 d a y s .
8 A ll w o r k e r s r e c e i v e d 4 p a id h o lid a y s .
’
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
13 p e r c e n t a t 1 d a y ; 11 p e r c e n t a t 3 d a y s ; a n d 24 p e r c e n t a t 4 d a y s .
10 A ll w o r k e r s n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y r e c e iv e d 9 p a id h o lid a y s .
11 A ll w o r k e r s n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y r e c e iv e d 10 p a id h o lid a y s .
“
I n c lu d e s 67 p e r c e n t a t 9 d a y s ; 16 p e r c e n t a t 10 d a y s ; a n d
2 p e r c e n t a t 11 d a y s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 5 p e r c e n t a t 9 d a y s ; a n d 18 p e r c e n t a t 10 d a y s .
4 I n c lu d e s 20 p e r c e n t of th e w o r k e r s a t 10 d a y s a n d 22
p e r c e n t a t 11 d a y s .
® A ll w o r k e r s n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y r e c e iv e d 3 p a id h o lid a y s .
1 I n c lu d e s 1 p e r c e n t o f th e w o r k e r s a t 3 d a y s a n d 2 p e r c e n t at 4 d a y s .
17 A ll w o r k e r s n o t sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y r e c e iv e d 2 p a id h o lid a y s .
j8 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 2 p e r c e n t a t 1 d a y ; 4 p e r c e n t a t 2 d a y s ; a n d 2 p e r c e n t a t 4 d a y s .
9 A ll w o r k e r s r e c e i v e d 1 p a id h o lid a y .
20 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s :
13 p e r c e n t a t 3 d a y s ; a n d 2? p e r c e n t a t 4 d a y s .
21 A ll w o r k e r s r e c e i v e d 11 p a id h o lid a y s .
22 I n c lu d e s 4 p e r c e n t a t 8 d a y s ;
54 p e r c e n t a t 11d a y s ;
a n d 7 p e r c e n t a t 12 d a y s .
23 I n c lu d e s 2 p e r c e n t a t V2 d a y a n d 4 p e r c e n t a t 1 d ay .
24 I n c lu d e s 2 8 p e r c e n t a t 1 d a y a n d 5 p e r c e n t a t 4 d a y s .
25 I n c lu d e s 7 p e r c e n t a t V2 d a y a n d 8 p e r c e n t a t 1 d ay .
24 I n c lu d e s 21 p e r c e n t a t 1 d a y .
27 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s :
1 p e rc e n t a t 2 d a y s; 6 p e rc e n t a t 3 d ay s; and 7 p e rc e n t a t 3 U d a y s.
28 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo w s : 2 p e r c e n t a t 2 d a y s ; 6 p e r c e n t a t 3 d a y s ; 8 p e r c e n t a t 3 V2 d a y s ; a n d 23 p e r c e n t a t 4 d a y s .
*

L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t

NOTE:

D a s h e s i n d ic a te n o d a ta r e p o r t e d .




Appendix A.

Scope and Method of Survey

Scope o f survey

The survey included establishments engaged primarily in
the following types of construction as defined in the 1967
edition o f the Standard Industrial Classification Manual
(SIC), prepared by the Bureau of the Budget, now the
Office of Management and Budget:
SIC 15
SIC 16
SIC 17
[Part]
171
173
1741
1751
176
177
1791
1794
1795
1796
SIC 656

Building construction—
general contrac­
tors
Construction other than buildinggeneral contractors
Construction—
special trades contractors
in the following industries:
Plumbing and heating
Electrical work
Masonry, stone setting, and other stone­
work
Carpentry
Roofing and sheet-metal work
Concrete work
Structural steel erection
Excavating and foundation work
Wrecking and demolition work
Installation or erection of building equip­
ment, n.e.c.
Operative builders (those building for
sale on their own account)

hours during the survey payroll period, rather than by
establishment SIC designation. The five types of construc­
tion defined for this survey were:
Commercial. Includes nonresidential buildings such as
industrial, institutional, office, and public buildings; light
and power plants; natural gas compressing stations; oil
pumping stations; and refuse disposal plants.
R esidential (five stories or more).

R esidential (less than five stories). Includes residential

buildings such as garden-type walkup apartments and
single-family housing units.
Includes all highway and street
construction, except elevated highways.

Highway and street.

O ther heavy construction . Includes construction of rail­

roads, tunnels, subways, elevated highways, viaducts, dams,
bridges, reservoirs, hydroelectric projects, pipelines, trans­
mission and telephone lines, radio towers, etc.

Excluded are SIC’s 172 (painting, paper hanging, and
decorating), 1742 (plastering and lathing), 1743 (terrazzo,
tile, marble, and mosaic work), 1752 (floor laying), 178
(water well drilling), 1792 (ornamental iron work), 1793
(glass and glazing work), 1799 (special trade contractors,
n.e.c.). Also excluded was force account construction; that
is, construction work performed by an establishment
primarily engaged in some business other than construction
for its own account and use and by its own employees.
Establishments studied were selected from those em­
ploying eight workers or more at the time of reference of
the data used in compiling the universe lists. Once selected,
however, the establishment was studied even if its employ­
ment was below the eight-worker cut-off during the survey
reference period. Table A-l shows the number of establish­
ments and construction workers estimated to be within the
scope of the survey, as well as the number actually studied
by the Bureau.

M ethod o f study

Data were obtained by personal visits of the Bureau’s
field staff to a representative sample of establishments
within the scope of the survey. To obtain appropriate
accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than small establishments was studied. In combining the
data, however, all establishments were given an appropriate
weight. All estimates are presented, therefore, as relating to
all establishments in the industries, excluding only those
below the minimum size at the time of reference o f the
universe data.

Establishm ent and area defin ition s

An establishment is defined for this study as all
construction sites o f a firm within a survey area. Area
definitions conform to Standard Metropolitan Statistical
Area definitions established by the U.S. Office of Manage­
ment and Budget through November 1972. (See tables 4
through 51 for individual area definitions.)

T y p e o f construction

Workers in occupations studied were classified by the
type of construction on which the worker spent most of his



Includes residential

buildings such as high-rise apartments.

228

Table A -1 .

Estim ated num ber o f establishments and workers w ithin scope o f survey and num ber studied, construction

industries, Septem ber 1973

N um ber of
es tab lish m en ts2

N o n s u p e rv is o ry c o n s tru c tio n
w o rk e rs in estab lish m en ts

A re a 1
W ith in scope
o f s tu d y

A c tu a lly
stu d ie d

W ith in scope
o f stu d y

A c tu a lly
studied

......................................................

2 0 ,4 2 6

3 ,2 9 2

5 1 1 ,6 1 1

1 6 7 ,4 1 0

B oston
..............................................................................
N a s s a u - S u f f o l k ..............................................................

1 ,0 9 7
978
492
2 ,2 4 5
1 ,5 9 4

182

2 6 ,4 5 4

138
92
310
254

1 6 ,8 3 1
9 ,2 3 6
7 0 ,8 3 3
3 7 ,5 9 4

8 ,7 9 8
4 ,8 7 3

175

7 ,0 7 8
6 ,4 5 3
1 0 ,1 7 5
5 ,6 7 7

T o ta l, 1 7 areas
N o rth e a s t:

N e w a r k ..............................................................................
N ew Y o rk
......................................................................
P h ila d e lp h ia

..................................................................

3 ,8 6 7
2 4 ,6 1 6
1 3 ,9 3 0

S o u th :
A t l a n t a ..............................................................................
B a l t i m o r e ..........................................................................
D a l l a s ...................................................................................
M i a m i ..................................................................................
W a s h i n g t o n ......................................................................
N o r th C e n tra l:
C h i c a g o ..............................................................................
C l e v e l a n d ..........................................................................
D e t r o i t ..............................................................................
W est:
Denver
..............................................................................
Los A n g e le s -L o n g Beach
..........................................
San F r a n c is c o - O a k la n d ..............................................
S e a ttle -E v e re tt

..............................................................

1 ,0 0 9
836
956
791
1 ,5 6 7

139
28 1

2 4 ,4 7 7
2 1 ,8 8 3
2 8 ,7 7 1
1 9 ,8 6 2
4 9 ,0 4 1

2 ,3 9 9
683
1 ,4 2 5

333
122
228

6 5 ,2 3 5
1 3 .8 8 4
2 8 ,8 3 3

2 0 ,7 2 4
4 ,5 5 8
7 ,9 4 2

815
1 ,9 3 1
1 ,1 4 2

121
335
196
83

2 0 ,3 4 4
3 9 ,7 4 5
2 8 ,6 8 0

6 ,7 6 2
1 3 ,0 8 8
7 ,5 7 9

9 ,9 0 8

2 ,4 9 9

466

1 F o r d e fin itio n o f areas, see fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le s 4 th ro u g h 5 1 .
2 In cludes o n ly establishm ents w h ic h had 8 w o rk e rs o r m o re a t

1 8 ,7 9 1

th e tim e o f re fe re n c e o f th e universe d a ta .

occupations; working supervisors and trainees were not
reported by occupation but were included in the employ­
ment estimates for nonsupervisory construction workers.

E m p lo ym en t

Estimates of the number of workers within the scope of
the study are intended as a general guide to the size and
composition of the construction labor force rather than as
precise measures of employment.

Wage data

Information on wages relates to straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work
on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Zone rates, usually
based on distance between local union headquarters and the
construction site, are included in the wage data for
purposes of the study, but incentive payments and nonpro­
duction bonuses are excluded.
Average (m ean) hourly rates for each occupation were
calculated by weighting each rate by the number of workers
receiving the rate, totaling, and dividing by the number of
individuals.
Separate occupational wage data are presented, where
possible, for workers whose wage rates are set by labormanagement agreement or are n o t set by such agreements.
This classification does not necessarily depend on whether
or not the individual worker is a union member. Nonunion
workers, however, were not classified as receiving union
rates when employed on federally funded or federally
assisted projects where union rates were used in accordance
with the Davis-Bacon Act.

N onsupervisory construction w orkers

“Nonsupervisory construction workers” includes work­
ing supervisors, journeymen, equipment operators, appren­
tices, helpers, and laborers employed by the establishment
in the survey area during the reference period studied.
Excluded were nonsupervisory office workers and admini­
strative, executive, and professional employees.
O ccupations selected fo r study

Occupational classification was based on a uniform set
of job descriptions designed to take account of inter­
establishment and interarea variations in duties within the
same job. (See appendix B for these descriptions.) Two
criteria for selection of the occupations were: The number
of workers in the occupation and appropriate representa­
tion of the entire job scale in the industry. Full- and
part-time workers were included in the data for selected



149
154

229

O vertim e prem ium pay provisions

Overtime premium pay provisions relate to the policies
of establishments for work outside of regularly scheduled
hours (without working all of the shift), for daily and
weekly overtime, and for work on Saturday, Sunday, and
holidays. Separate tabulations are presented for union and
nonunion situations.

Em p lo y e r co n trib u tion s to specified union funds

Information is presented by occupation on the amounts
and areawide incidence of employer contributions to speci­
fied union funds providing insurance, pensions, holidays,
vacations, combination benefits (such as a combined vaca­
tion and holiday fund), and “other” benefits, such as dental
care, apprenticeship training, education, and industry ad­
vancement. The average (mean) payment and minimum/
maximum contribution to each fund is calculated for occu­
pations reported. In those instances where the labor-man­
agement agreement did not set up a specified union fund, if
the employer pays a specified amount to the employee for
a particular benefit in lieu of a fund contribution, this is
reported as a fund contribution for purposes of the study.

Em p lo yee benefits not provided by specified union funds

Employee benefits not provided by specified union
funds in an establishment were considered applicable to all
workers in a survey occupation if they applied to half or
more of such workers in the establishment. Similarly, if
fewer than half of the workers in the job were covered, the
practice or benefit was considered nonexistent in the
establishment. Because of length-of-service and other eligi­
bility requirements, the proportion of workers receiving the
benefits may be smaller than estimated.
Paid holidays. Paid holiday provisions relate to full-day and

half-day holidays provided annually.
Paid vacations. The summaries of vacation plans are limited

to formal arrangements and exclude informal plans where­
by time off with pay is granted at the discretion of the
employer or the supervisor. Payments not on a time basis
were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered the equivalent of 1 week’s
pay. The periods of service for which data are presented
represent the most common practices, but they do not




necessarily reflect individual establishment provisions for
progression. For example, the changes in proportions
indicated at 5 years of service may include changes in
provisions which occurred between 1 and 5 years.
Health , insurance , and retirem ent plans. Data are presented

for all health, insurance, and pension and retirement
severance plans for which the employer pays all or part of
the cost, excluding only programs required by law such as
workers’ disability compensation and social security.
Among the plans included are those underwritten by a
commercial insurance company and those paid for directly
by the employer from his current operating funds or from a
fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are
made directly to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis
during illness or accident disability. Information is present­
ed for all such plans to which the employer contributes at
least part of the cost. However, in New York and New
Jersey, where temporary disability insurance laws require
employer contributions,1 plans are included only if the
employer (1) contributes more than is legally required or
(2) provides the employees with benefits which exceed
requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal
plans which provide full pay or a proportion of the
workers’ pay during absence from work because of illness;
informal arrangements have been omitted.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete
or partial payment of doctors’ fees. Such plans may be
underwritten by a commercial insurance company or a
nonprofit organization, or they may be self-insured.
Major medical insurance, sometimes referred to as
extended medical or catastrophe insurance, includes the
plans designed to cover employees for sickness or injury
involving an expense which goes beyond the normal
coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Tabulations on retirement plans were based on an
unduplicated total of workers under plans providing either
pensions (regular payments for the remainder of the
retiree’s life), or severance pay (one payment or several over
a specified period of time) to employees on retirement, or
both types of benefits. Separate tabulations by type of
retirement plan are not presented.

1
The temporary disability insurance law in California does not
require employer contributions.

230

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist
its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a
variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area. This classification permits the grouping of occupational wage rates
representing comparable job content. Because of the emphasis on interestablishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ
significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other
purposes. In applying these job descriptions in the construction survey, the Bureau’s field staff
were instructed to exclude working supervisors, trainees, and handicapped workers.

B ricklayer

Elevator constructor

Lays building materials such as brick, structural tile,
concrete, cinder, glass, gypsum, terra cotta block, and stone
to construct walls, partitions, arches, sewers, and other
structures. May construct fireplaces and chimneys in
residential construction.

Assembles and installs electric and hydraulic freight and
passenger elevators, escalators, and dumbwaiters, determin­
ing layout and electrical connections from blueprints. Work
involves installing such items as counterweights, pumps,
motor foundations, escalator drives, elevator cars, control
panels, and safety and control devices.

Carpenter

Pipefitter (steamfitter)

Builds wooden structures, such as concrete forms,
scaffolds, tunnel and sewer supports, and temporary frame
shelters, according to specifications. In latter stages of
commercial or residential building construction, work
involves: Installing subflooring, sheathing, partitions, floor
joists, studding, and rafters. When building is ready for
trimming, workers install molding, wood paneling, cabinets,
window sash, doorframes, doors, and hardware, as well as
build stairs and lay floor.

Using blueprints, lays out, fabricates, assembles, installs,
and maintains piping and piping systems, fixtures, and
equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricat­
ing, and industrial processing systems. Exclude plumbers
who are to be classified separately. See description for
Plumbers below.

Plum ber

Assembles, installs, and repairs pipes, fittings, and
fixtures of heating, water, and drainage systems, according
to specifications. This classification excludes pipefitters
(steamfitters) who are primarily engaged in installing
equipment for steam, hot water, and cooling systems. See
description for Pipefitters (steamfitters). Plumbers who do
repair work in residential buildings are included in this
classification.

C em ent mason

Smooths and finishes surfaces of poured concrete floors,
walls, sidewalks, roads, or curbs to specified textures, using
handtools such as floats, trowels, and screeds. May direct
helper in the pouring of the concrete.

Electrician (inside wirer)

R oofer, com position

Using blueprints, specifications, or other guides or
instructions, lays out, assembles, installs, and tests electrical
fixtures, apparatus, and wiring used in electrical systems.
Excludes line installers and cable splicers.

Covers roofs with roofing materials, other than sheet
metal, such as composition shingles or sheets, wood
shingles, or asphalt and gravel. Work involves: Cutting,
fitting, and fastening materials to roofs with asphalt cement




231

or nails; and installing strips of flashing into angles formed
by walls, vents, and intersecting roof surfaces.

Laborers
Construction laborer

Sheet-metal worker

Fabricates, assembles, installs, and repairs sheet-metal
equipment such as control boxes, drainpipes, ventilators,
and furnace casings, according to specifications.

At construction sites, loads and unloads construction
materials, stacks and carries materials, shovels and grades
earth, and does other work as directed. May also keep the
work area clean.

Structural ironworker

Operating engineers

For commercial and residential building construction,
performs duties required to raise, place, and unite girders,
columns, and other structural steel members to form
completed structures or structure framework. For heavy
construction, erects the steel framework of bridges, build­
ings, and other structures including metal storage tanks and
overhead crane runways that support heavy equipment.
This classification excludes workers whose primary duties
are setting and tying in concrete reinforcing rods.

Back-hoe operator

Operates power shovel, which digs by pulling dipper
toward the machine, to move dirt, rocks, sand, and other
materials.
Bulldozer operator

Operates bulldozer to excavate, load, or move dirt,
gravel, or other materials. May read and interpret grade and
slope stakes and simple plans. May grease, adjust, and make
emergency repairs to equipment.

NOTE
Journeymen are req u ired to have r o u n d e d tra in in g a n d e x p e r i­
e n c e , u su a lly a cq u ired th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e sh ip or
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e . J o u r n e y m e n are cla ssifie d in
th e te n cra ft o c c u p a tio n s a b o v e .

Apprentices w o r k u n d er fo r m a l tra in in g pro g ra m s lea d in g to
jo u r n e y m a n sta tu s in o n e o f n in e cra ft o c c u p a tio n s a fte r
c o m p le tio n o f a p r e d e te r m in e d n u m b e r o f y ea rs. E lev a to r
c o n str u c to r s d o n o t have a p p r e n tic e s; h o w e v e r , h elp ers in th is
craft m a y p ro g ress t o th e jo u r n e y m a n le v e l a fter a fo rm a l
train in g p rogram , u su a lly la stin g t w o y ea rs. T r a in ee s in p rogram s
th a t do not lea d to a ll-r o u n d jo u r n e y m a n sta tu s in th e
o c c u p a tio n stu d ie d are e x c lu d e d .

Truckdrivers
Truckdriver (dumptruck)

Drives truck of more than 8 wheels to transport dirt,
rocks, gravel, sand, and other materials to and from
specified destinations. This classification excludes trucks
with fewer wheels, which normally have smaller capacity
and are typically used for onsite hauling only.

Helpers assist jo u r n e y m e n in th e ir p a rticu la r cra ft. H elp ers are
cla ssifie d in o n ly fiv e craft o c c u p a t io n s -b r ic k la y e r s , ca rp en ters,
e le c tr ic ia n s, e le v a to r c o n str u c to r s, a n d p lu m b ers.




232

Industry Wage Studies
The most recent reports providing occupational wage
data for industries included in the Bureau’s program of
industry wage surveys since 1960 are listed below. Copies
are for sale from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or
from any of its regional sales offices, and from the regional

Manufacturing

Basic Iron and Steel, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1839
Candy and Other Confectionery Products, 1970. BLS
Bulletin 1732
Cigar Manufacturing, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1796
Cigarette Manufacturing, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1748
Fabricated Structural Steel, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1695
Fertilizer Manufacturing, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1763
Flour and Other Grain Mill Products, 1972. BLS Bulletin
1803
Fluid Milk Industry, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1871
.Footwear, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1792
Hosiery, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1863
Industrial Chemicals, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1768
Iron and Steel Foundries, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1894
Leather Tanning and Finishing, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1835
Machinery Manufacturing, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1859
Meat Products, 1974. BLS Bulletin 1896
Men’s and Boys’ Separate Trousers, 1974. BLS Bulletin
1906
Men’s and Boys’ Shirts (Except Work Shirts) and Night­
wear, 1974. BLS Bulletin 1901
Men’s and Boys’ Suits and Coats, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1843
Miscellaneous Plastics Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1690
Motor Vehicles and Parts, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1679
Nonferrous Foundries, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1726
Paints and Varnishes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1739
Paperboard Containers and Boxes, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1719
Petroleum Refining, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1741
Pressed or Blown Glass and Glassware, 1970. BLS Bulletin
1713
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1844
Southern Sawmills and Planing Mills, 1969. BLS Bulletin
1694
Structural Clay Products, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1697
Synthetic Fibers, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1740
Textile Dyeing and Finishing, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1757



offices of the Bureau of Labor Statistics shown on the
inside back cover. Copies that are out of stock are available
for reference purposes at leading public, college, or univer­
sity libraries, or at the Bureau’s Washington or regional
offices.

Man ufacturing- Con tinued

Textiles, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1801
Wages and Demographic Characteristics in Work Clothing
Manufacturing, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1858
West Coast Sawmilling, 1969. BLS Bulletin 1704
Women’s and Misses’ Coats and Suits, 1970. BLS Bulletin
1728
Women’s and Misses’ Dresses, 1974. BLS Bulletin 1908.
Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered, 1971.
BLS Bulletin 1793
Nonmanufacturing

Appliance Repair Shops, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1838
Auto Dealer Repair Shops, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1876
Banking, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1862
Bituminous Coal Mining, 1967. BLS Bulletin 1583
Communications, 1974. BLS Bulletin 1909
Contract Cleaning Services, 1974. BLS Bulletin 1916
Contract Construction, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1853
Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production, 1972. BLS
Bulletin 1797
Department Stores, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1869
E d u c a tio n a l Institutions: Nonteaching Employees,
1968-69. BLS Bulletin 1671
Electric and Gas Utilities, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1834
Hospitals, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1829
Hotels and Motels, 1973. BLS Bulletin 1883
Laundry and Cleaning Services, 1968. BLS Bulletin 16451
Life Insurance, 1971. BLS Bulletin 1791
Metal Mining, 1972. BLS Bulletin 1820
Motion Picture Theaters, 1966. BLS Bulletin 15421
Nursing Homes and Related Facilities, 1973. BLS Bulletin
1855
Scheduled Airlines, 1970. BLS Bulletin 1734
1 B u lle tin o u t o f s to c k .




Hancbookof
Labor Statistics
1975Reference Edition
Each table in this 474page Reference
Edition begins with
the earliest reliable
and consistent data
and runs through
calendar year 1974.
Holders will want
to retain it to sup­
plement future
annual Handbooks
that will contain
data from 1967
onward only. The
Handbook in­
cludes tables on
these topics:
Labor Force/

Employment/
Unemployment/
Hours/Productivity
and Unit Labor Costs/
Compensation/
Prices and Living
Conditions/
Consumer
Expenditure Survey
Data/Unions and
Industrial
Relations/
Occupational
Injuries and
lllnesses/Foreign
Labor Statistics/
General
Economic Data

Handbook o f
L a b o r S ta tis tic s 1 9 7 5
R e fe r e n c e e d itio n

M a il o r d e r fo rm a n d m a ilin g la b e l,
b e lo w , a n d c h e c k o r m o n e y o r d e r
p a y a b le to th e S u p e r in te n d e n t of
D o c u m e n ts to a n y o f th e fo llo w in g
r e g io n a l a d d re s s e s :
1 6 0 3 F e d e r a l B ldg .
B o s to n , M a s s . 0 2 2 0 3
2 3 0 S . D e a rb o rn
C h ic a g o , III. 6 0 6 0 4

1 5 1 5 B ro a d w a y , S u ite 3 4 0 0
N e w Y o rk , N . Y. 1 0 0 3 6

1 3 7 1 P e a c h tr e e S t. N .E .
A tla n ta , G a . 3 0 3 0 9

9 1 1 W a ln u t S t.
K an sas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6

4 5 0 G o ld e n G a te A v e ., B o x 3 6 0 1 7
S a n F ra n c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2

P. O . B o x 1 3 3 0 9
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 1 9 1 0 1

o r to th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u ­
m e n ts , U. S . G o v e r n m e n t P rin tin g
O ffic e , W a s h in g to n , D. C. 2 0 4 0 2 .

5 5 5 G riffin S q u a r e B ld g .
D a lla s, T e x . 7 5 2 0 2

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C ity and S ta te ----------------------------------

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P O S T A G E A N D F E E S PA ID
U .S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E
375
S P E C IA L F O U R T H C L A S S B O O K R A TE

U .S . G o v e rn m e n t Printing O ffice
Public D oc um ents D ep a rtm e n t
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O F F IC IA L B U S IN E S S
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☆ U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1976 0 - 210-882 (179)

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
REGIONAL OFFICES

R egion I
1 6 0 3 J F K F e d eral B u ild in g

R egion V
9 th F lo o r
F e deral O ff ic e B u ild in g

G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o s to n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
Phone: (6 1 7 ) 2 2 3 -6 7 6 1

2 3 0 S. D e a rb o rn S tre e t
C hicago , III. 60604
Phone:

R egion II
S u ite 3 4 0 0
1 5 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o r k , N .Y .
Phone:

(2 1 2 )

R egion V I
S econd F lo o r
5 5 5 G r if f in S quare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 7 5 2 0 2

10036

3 9 9 -5 4 0 5

Phone:
R eg io n I I I

(2 1 4 )

7 4 9 -3 5 1 6

Regions V I I an d V I I I *
91 1 W a ln u t S tre e t
Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6

3 5 3 5 M a rk e t S tre e t
P .O . B ox 1 3 3 0 9
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 1 9 1 0 1
Phone: (2 1 5 ) 5 9 6 -1 1 5 4

Phone:

(8 1 6 )

3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

Regions I X and X * *
4 5 0 G o ld e n G a te A ven u e

R e g io n IV
1 3 7 1 P eac h tree S tre e t, N E .
A tla n ta , G a . 3 0 3 0 9
P hone: (4 0 4 ) 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8




(3 1 2 ) 3 5 3 - 6 0 3 3

B ox 3 6 0 1 7
San F ran cisc o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
Phone:

* R e g io n s V II a n d V III a r e s e r v ic e d b y K a n s a s C ity
* * R e g io n s IX a n d X a r e s e r v ic e d b y S a n F r a n c is c o

(4 1 5 )

5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U S. Department of Labor

Official Business
P e n a lty fo r p riv a te u s e , $ 3 0 0




Lab-441


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