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Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library
J A N 2 2 1969

DOCUMENT COLLECTION

INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY




Basic Iron and Steel

SEPTEMBER 1967

B u lletin No. 1602
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY

Basic Iron and Steel
SEPTEMBER 1967

Bulletin No. 1602
October 1968
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary

TOT

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B en B u rd etsk y , A ctin g C o m m issio n er

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price 55 cents










Preface
T his b u lletin su m m a rizes the r e su lts pf a B ureau of
Labor S ta tistic s su rv ey of w a g es and su p p lem en tary w age
p r a c tic e s for the b a sic iron and s te e l m anufacturing in ­
du stry in S eptem b er 1967.
The study w as conducted in the B u rea u ’s O ffice of
W ages and In d u stria l R ela tio n s. The a n a ly sis in th is
b u lletin w as p rep ared by Jo sep h C. Bush in the D iv isio n
of O ccupational W age S tru ctu res. F ie ld w ork for the
su rv ey w as d irec ted by the B u rea u 's A ssista n t R egion al
D ir e c to r s for O p eration s.
Other rep o rts a v a ila b le from the B u reau 's program
of in d u stry w age stu d ies, as w ell a s the a d d r e sse s of the
B u reau 's eigh t reg io n a l o ffic e s , a re liste d at the end of
th is b u lletin .

iii

Contents
S u m m a ry -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Industry c h a r a c te r is tic s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v era g e h ou rly ea rn in g s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ccup ation al e a r n in g s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v isio n s ------------------------------------------------Scheduled w eek ly hou rs and o v ertim e pay p r o v is io n s ---------------------------------------------------------Shift d iffe ren tia l p r a c tic e s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P aid h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Annual and exten ded paid v a ca tio n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------H ealth , in su r a n ce, and p en sion p la n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ther s e le c te d b en efits ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

P age
1
1
3
5
6
6
7
7
7
7
7

T ab les:
1. E arn in gs d istr ib u tio n _______________________________________________________________________
2. O ccupational e a r n in g s ______________________________________________________________________
3. O ccupational a v e r a g e s by m eth od of w age paym ent _____________________________________

9
10
24

C harts:
1. S teelm ak in g p r o c e s s e s _____________________________________________________________________
2. S te e l production by m ajor type of p r o c e s s , 1960—67 ____________________________________
A p p en d ixes:
A . Scope and m eth od of s u r v e y _______________________________________________________________
B. O ccupational d e s c r ip tio n s __________________________________________________________________




2
4
35
39

Industry Wage Survey----

Basic Iron and Steel, September 1967
Iron and s te e l p lan ts d iffer in the n u m ­
b er and ty p es of o p eration s they p erfo rm .
M any of th e se p lants are fu lly in teg ra ted , that
is, they op erate coke p la n ts, b la st fu rn a ces,
s te e l fu rn a ces, and ro llin g and f i n i s h i n g
m ills . 2 Som e plants a re p a rtia lly in teg ra ted ,
having steelm a k in g fu rn a ces and ro llin g m ills
or forgin g shop s, but they do not op erate
b la st fu rn a ces. N onintegrated p lan ts includ e
(l) th ose w hich op erate only b la st fu rn a ces
or (2) th ose w hich en gage in ro llin g and fin ­
ish in g v a rio u s p rod u cts from ste e l, but do
not op erate eith er b la st fu rn a ces or s t e e l­
m aking fu rn a ces.

Sum m ary
S tra ig h t-tim e ea rn in gs of prod uction and
rela ted w o rk ers in the b a sic iron and s te e l
ind ustry a v era g ed $3. 42 an hour in Septem b er
1967. A ll but 3 p ercen t of the 453, 000 w o rk ­
e r s co v ered by the B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s
s u r v e y 1 had ea rn in gs b etw een $ 2 . 4 0 and $5
an hour; the m idd le half of the w o rk ers earn ed
fro m $ 2 . 9 0 to $ 3 0 79o
W orkers paid on an in cen tiv e b a s is , tw oth ird s of the industry*s w ork fo r c e , a v era g ed
$3. 65 an hour, com pared w ith $2. 97 for tim e rated w o rk e rs. T his d iffe ren c e is in flu en ced
sig n ifica n tly by the occu pational m ix of w o rk ­
e r s in the two c a te g o r ie s of w age paym ent.
A m ong the occu p ation s for w hich sep a ra te
in form ation w a s obtained, a v e r a g e (m ean)
hou rly earn in gs ranged from $2. 48 for ja n i­
to r s, n in e-ten th s of w hom w ere tim e rated,
to $5. 59 for fir s t h e lp ers on open hearth fu r ­
n a c e s, v irtu a lly a ll of w hom r e c e iv e d in c e n ­
tiv e pay.
N early a ll of the in d u stry ^ prod uction
w o r k e r s w ere in e sta b lish m en ts providin g
paid h o lid ays and v a ca tio n s, exten ded v a c a ­
tion b e n efits, v a rio u s typ es of h ealth and in ­
su ran ce b e n efits, and p en sion p la n s, a s w e ll
a s su p p lem en tal un em p loym ent b e n efits. A
la r g e m a jo rity of the o ffice w o rk ers a lso r e ­
ceiv ed m any of the above b e n efits.

Output per prod uction w orker m an -h ou r
in the in d u stry in c r e a se d 23 p ercen t b etw een
I960 and 1966, the la te s t date for w hich in ­
fo rm a tio n is a v a ila b le. 3 C ontributing to th is
in c r e a se d p rod u ctivity w ere fa cto rs such a s:
Im p rovem en ts in b la st fu rn ace o p era tio n s,
including m o re h ighly b en eficia ted m a te r ia ls
and su p p lem en tary fu el injection ; and the in ­
c r e a se d u se of b a sic oxygen fu rn a ces in s t e e l­
m aking. 4 The y ea r book of the A m erica n Iron
and S teel Institute, C harting Steel*s P r o g r e s s
During 1966, d e sc r ib e s the b a sic oxygen p r o c ­
e s s (B O P), as fo llo w s:
In this process, a large vessel is loaded with molten
iron and scrap. A water-cooled lance is lowered into
the top of the vessel and high purity oxygen is injected
into the melt at supersonic speed. This high volume
of 99. 5 percent pure oxygen quickly burns off the un­
wanted elements in the furnace charge of molten iron
and scrap.

Industry C h a ra cte ristics
The m anufacture of b a sic iro n and s te e l
p rod u cts c o n s is ts of a s e r ie s of p r o c e s s e s
that a re c lo se ly rela ted and y et quite v a ried .
F ir s t, iron o re is red u ced to m o lten iro n in
b la st fu rn a ces. The iro n is then co n v erted
into s te e l in open hearth, b a sic oxygen, or
e le c tr ic steelm a k in g fu rn a ces. F in a lly , the
s te e l is ro lled into b a sic p rod u cts, such as
p la te s, sh e e ts, str ip s, ro d s, b a r s, and s tr u c ­
tu ra l sh a p es. T h ese b a sic prod u cts u su a lly
a re sold for fu rther p r o c e ssin g ; h ow ever,
m any s te e l p lants a lso prod uce fin ish ed p rod ­
u cts, such a s w ir e , p ip es, and tu b es. The
c h a r t (page 2) in d ica tes the m ajor s t e e l­
m aking p r o c e s s e s and som e of the im portant
prod u cts of the ind ustry.




The earliest BOP vessels or furnaces made steel at
about 50 tons an hour. Furnace size has increased so
that some BOP vessels have capacities of nearly ten
times that today . . .

1 See appendix A for scope and method of study. Wage
data in this bulletin exclude premium pay for overtime and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
^ U. S. Bureau of Census, Census of Manufacturers, 1963
Industry Statistics: Blast Furnaces. Steel Works, and Rolling Mills.
3 indexes of Output Per Man-Hour - Selected Industries 1939
and 1947-66. BLS Bulletin 1572 (1967).
4 For more detailed discussion of technological advances
in the industry, see Technological Trends in Major American
Industries, BLS Bulletin 1474 (1966).

1

2




Chart 1.

Steelmaking Processes

LIMESTONE

ORE

PIG IRON

SCRAP STEEL

SCRAP STEEL

Oxygen
C onverter
Open H earth
Furnaces

E le c tric
Furnaces

Ingot
Molds

S tripp ers

INGOTS

S oaking
Pits

3
Open h earth fu rn a ces produced 56 p e r ­
cen t of the 1967 output of 127 m illio n tons
of raw s te e l. 5 A s illu str a te d in the ch art
(page 4), open hearth prod uction rea ch ed a
rec en t peak in 1964, and h a s d eclin ed stea d ily
sin ce then. P rod u ction by b a sic oxygen p r o c ­
e s s , on the other hand, h as in c r e a se d sh arp ly
sin ce 1964, and accoun ted for 33 p ercen t of
the to ta l 1967 s te e l prod uction . If p r esen t
tren d s continue, BO P output w ill su rp a ss open
h earth production w ithin a few y e a r s . E le c ­
tr ic fu rn a ces produced 12 p ercen t of the s te e l
in 1967, com pared w ith 8 72 p ercen t in I960.

but had a d ifferen t m inim um rate or did not
have a uniform in crem en t b etw een job c la s s e s .
A p p roxim ately o n e-eig h th of the w o rk e rs w ere
in e sta b lish m en ts that u sed other job ev a lu a ­
tion sy ste m s and about 1 p e rcen t w ere in
plants w ithout a fo rm a l sy stem .
T w o -th ird s of the prod uction and rela ted
w o rk ers co v ered by the study r e c e iv e d pay
b a sed on so m e form of w age in cen tiv e. The
p rop ortion s of w o rk ers paid on th is b a s is
w ere sev en -ten th s in esta b lish m en ts that u sed
the com m on job evalu ation sy ste m p r ev io u sly
r e fe r r e d to and slig h tly le s s than o n e-h a lf in
A lthough b a sic iro n and s te e l plants a re other esta b lish m en ts.
lo ca ted in 37 S tates, m o st w o rk ers a re e m ­
a jo rity of the w o rk ers in a ll but
p loyed in r e la tiv e ly few . S ligh tly le s s than 11 ofThethem occu
s studied w ere paid on
th r e e -fifth s of the w ork fo r c e in th is in d u stry an in cen tiv e b ap sation
is
.
e sta b lish m en ts that
w e r e em p loyed in P en n sy lv a n ia , Ohio, and u sed com m on job evaluInation
ste m s, in c e n ­
Indiana. Other States that accoun ted for as tiv e p aym en ts a re m ade in s yaddition
m uch a s 5 p ercen t of the w ork fo r c e w ere w age ra te for the job c la s s to w hich theto othe
c­
Illin o is, M aryland, New Y ork, and M ichigan. 6 cupation is a ssig n e d . The o ccu p ation s that
ty p ica lly w ere tim e rated included ja n ito rs,
A ll esta b lish m en ts studied rep o rted that la b o r e r s, lo co m o tiv e cran em en , m e ta llu r g ic a l
th ey had c o lle c tiv e b argain in g a g reem en ts a n a ly sts, te s t p r e p a r e r s, and cer ta in m a in te ­
co v erin g a m a jo rity of the plant w o rk e rs. nance cra ftsm en . T h ese occu p ation s g e n e r ­
The U nited S teelw o rk ers of A m erica had co n ­ a lly w ere found throughout the plant rath er
tr a c ts w ith plants w hich em p loyed over n in e- than in sp ec ified d ep artm en ts.
ten ths of the industry*s w ork fo r c e . D uring
Septem b er 1967, b a sic s te e l co m p a n ies, e m ­
ployin g a la r g e m a jo rity of the w o rk e rs, w ere A v era g e H ourly E arn ings
operatin g under co n tra cts w ith the S teelw o rk ­
e r s w hich w ere in itiated in Septem b er 1965
The a v era g e str a ig h t-tim e hou rly e a r n ­
and due to ex p ire in July 1968. S ligh tly over in g s of the 453, 000 prod uction w o rk ers in the
tw o -fifth s of the 46, 500 o ffice w o rk ers e m ­ in d u stry in Septem ber 1967 w as $3. 42® c o m ­
p loyed in b a sic s te e l plants w ere co v ered by pared w ith $3. 17 in M arch 1962, the date of
union co n tra cts.
an e a r lie r B u reau su rv ey in the ind ustry. 9
The 8 p e rcen t in c r e a se w as l a r g e l y the
N ea rly fo u r -fifth s of the prod uction w o rk ­ r e s u l t of g en era l w age in c r e a s e s granted
e r s w ere em p loyed in esta b lish m en ts that under te r m s of union co n tra cts b etw een the
u sed a com m on job evalu ation sy ste m , w hich USA and m ajor s te e l co m p a n ies. On S ep­
have the sa m e m inim um ra te and the sam e tem b er 1, 1965, prod uction w o rk e rs r e c e iv e d
in crem en t b etw een job c la s s e s . 7 Under th is a 1 0 - to 1 9 -cen t in c r e a se w hich a v era g ed
sy ste m , a ll occu p ation al c la ss ific a tio n s a re
a ssig n e d point v a lu es on the b a s is of fa c to r s
such a s ex p e rie n ce, sk ill, r e sp o n sib ility , e f­
® Source of data: American Iron and Steel Institute.
6 U. S. Bureau of Census, County Business Patterns. 1966.
fo rt, and w orking con d ition s. T h ese point
7 This system was developed jointly by the USA and the
v a lu es, in turn, a re rela ted to 1 of 32 e sta b ­ steel producers
and is known as the "Cooperative Wage Study"
lish ed labor g ra d es. A t the tim e of su rv ey ,
the m inim um rate w as $ 2 ,4 4 5 an hour and (CWS)®system.
The straight-time average hourly earnings in this bulle­
the un iform in crem en t b etw een g ra d es w as tin differ in concept from the gross average hourly earnings pub­
7. 5 cen ts. J a n ito rs and g en e ra l la b o r e r s, lished in the Bureau's monthly hours and earnings series. Unlike
latter, the estimate presented here excludes premium pay for
g ra d es 1 and 2 , w hich have the sa m e rate the
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
of $ 2 ,4 4 5 an hour, w e r e found at the b a se Average
earnings were calculated by summing individual hourly
of the stru ctu re. Not a ll of the e s ta b lish ­ earnings and
dividing by the number of individuals} in the monthly
m en ts using the sy stem have the fu ll co m p le­ series, the sum of the man-hour totals reported by establishments
m en t of g ra d es, in the se n se that job s have in the industry was divided into the reported payroll totals. The
Bureau's monthly series includes certain establishments that were
b een slo tted into each grad e.
excluded from this survey, such as those that have fewer than
A few esta b lish m en ts that e m p l o y e d
slig h tly le s s than o n e-ten th of the w ork fo rce
u sed the job evalu ation sy ste m d e sc r ib e d ,




250 employees and establishments engaged primarily in manu­
facturing electrometallurgical products.
9
For account of the earlier study, see Industry Wage Sur­
vey: Basic Iron and Steel, March 1962, BLS Bulletin 1358 (1963).

Chart 2.

Steel Production by Major Type of Process,
1 9 6 0 -6 7

STEEL PRODUCTION
(Million of net tons)

Basic Oxygen
Furnace Productioi

Electric Furnace
Production

1960

1961

1962

1963

Source of data: American Iron and Steel Institute.




5
Cumulative percent distribution of production and related workers
in basic iron and steel establishments by straight-time hourly earnings
All establishments
Tim eworkers

Incentive
workers

Establishments
having common job
Other
evaluation systems________ establishments

Under $2. 4 0 —................. - ............. - .......................
Under $2. 6 0 .............................................- ................
Under $2. 8 0 ..................
Under $3. 0 0 ..................................................- ...........

1.5
21.3
38.7
61.6

7 .2
15.8

T im eworkers
_
19.9
37.4
62.6

Under $3. 2 0 ...............................................................
Under $3. 4 0 ....................
Under $3. 6 0 ...............................................................
Under $3. 8 0 .........................................................
Under $4. 0 0 ....................................- .........................

74. 1
81.6
92. 2
97.4
98.1

27. 1
40.0
52.7
63.7
74.7

74. 5
80.9
92.4
97.7
98.4

T o ta l...............................................................

100.0

100.0

Number of w orkers-----------------------------------Average hourly earnings------------------------------

155, 409
$2. 97

297,568
$3.65

Hourly earnings

(*)
2.1

Incentive
workers
_
2. 1
7 .5
16.4

T im eworkers

Incentive
workers

4.4
24.3
41.4
59.4

0.2
2.0
5.4
12.6

27.9
41.2
54.0
64.9
76. 1

73.3
83.0
92.0
96.8
97.6

22.9
33.6
45.8
57.2
67.6

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

105, 166
$2. 97

250,012
$3.63

50, 243
$2.96

47,556
$3.77

* Less than 0. 05 percent.

12. 1 cen ts. On January 1, 1966, s k i l l e d
cra ftsm en and tra d esm en w ere upgraded two
job c la s s e s (w hich resu lte d in an a v era g e in ­
c r e a s e of about 2 cen ts an hour for a ll p r o ­
duction w o rk ers). On A ugu st 1, 1967, a ll
plant w o rk ers re c e iv e d a 6- to 1 2 -cen t g en ­
e r a l in c r e a se w hich a v e r a g e d 7 . 4 cen ts.
Included in the ca lcu la tio n s of the 1965 and
1967 a v era g e in c r e a s e s w ere upward a d ju st­
m en ts in the in crem en ts b etw een job c la s s e s .
W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts that u s e d
com m on job evalu ation sy ste m s w hich have
the sa m e m inim um hou rly ra te ( $ 2 , 4 4 5 ) and
the sam e in crem en t ( 7 . 5 cen ts) b etw een job
c la s s e s a v era g ed $ 3 . 4 3 an hour, com pared
w ith $ 3 . 35 for th ose in other e sta b lish m e n ts.
The 8 -c e n t a v era g e d ifferen ce r e fle c ts the
v a ria tio n s in the p rop ortion of w o rk ers who
re c e iv e d in cen tiv e pay. S ev en -ten th s of the
w o rk ers in the la r g e r group w ere paid on an
in cen tiv e b a sis com pared w ith slig h tly le s s
than o n e-h a lf in other e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
W hereas the a v era g es fo r tim ew o rk er s w ere
n ea rly id en tica l, in cen tiv e w o rk ers a v era g ed
14 cen ts an hour le s s in esta b lish m en ts that
u sed com m on job evalu ation s y ste m s than
th ey did in other e sta b lish m en ts.
E arn ings of a ll but 3 p e rcen t of the p r o ­
du ction w o rk ers w ithin scop e of the su rv ey
ranged fro m $ 2 . 4 0 to $5 an hour (tab le l).
The m id d le half of the w o rk ers earn ed b e ­
tw een $ 2 . 9 0 and $ 3 . 7 9 an hour. The 89cen t spread com p ared w ith a 5 3 -cen t sp read




for the m id d le range of tim ew o rk er s and an
8 5 -cen t range for in cen tiv e w o rk e rs. D iffe r ­
en ces in the earn in gs le v e ls for the two groups
of w o rk ers exp lain the w id er range for a ll
w o rk ers. A s illu str a ted in the above ta b ­
ulation, a p p ro x im a tely th r e e -fifth s of the tim ew o rk ers earn ed le s s than $3 an hour, c o m ­
pared w ith n ea rly o n e -six th of the in cen tiv e
w o r k e r s . The p rop ortion s earn in g $4 or
m o re w ere about o n e-fou rth for i n c e n t i v e
w o rk ers and le s s than 2 p ercen t fo r tim e w o rk ers.
O ccupational E arn ings
Separate in form ation w as obtained for
100 occu p ation al c la ss ific a tio n s s e le c te d to
r e p r e se n t ea rn in g s for v a rio u s a c tiv itie s p e r ­
form ed by prod uction w o rk ers in the industry;
th ese job s accoun ted for n ea rly o n e-fo u rth of
the to ta l p r o d u c t i o n w o rk ers 10 (tab le 2).
A v era g e (m ean) hou rly ea rn in g s for the job s
studied ranged from $ 2 . 4 8 for ja n ito rs to
$5. 59 for fir s t h e lp ers on open h earth fu r ­
n a c e s. L a b o rers, n u m erica lly the m o st im ­
portant of the se le c te d job s and found in m o st
d ep artm en ts of the e sta b lish m en ts stud ied,
a v era g ed $ 2 . 5 6 an hour.
10
Occupational earnings data in the Bureau's March 1962
survey were limited to establishments that used commonjob evalu­
ation systems. (See Bulletin 1358, op. c it.) Data is provided
separately in this bulletin for these establishments and other
establishments.

6

O ccupational a v e r a g e s w ere u su a lly higher
in esta b lish m en ts that u sed a com m on job
evalu ation sy ste m than in other e s ta b lish ­
m en ts. N otable ex cep tio n s w e r e found m o stly
am ong job s in the open h earth , b ar, and cold
strip and sh eet d ep a rtm en ts. A m ong the 83
occu p ation s p erm ittin g c o m p a riso n s, d iffe r ­
en c e s in a v era g e ea rn in g s b etw een e s ta b lish ­
m en ts that u sed a com m on job evalu ation
sy ste m and other esta b lish m e n ts, for the m o st
part, am ounted to le s s than 10 p ercen t.
O ccupational ea rn in g s in fo rm a tio n w as
obtained sep a ra te ly for job c la s s e s in e sta b ­
lish m en ts that u sed com m on job evalu ation
sy ste m s. W ithin an occupation, e a r n i n g s
v a rie d by job c la s s and in se v e r a l in sta n c es
a v e r a g e s for w o rk ers in a g iv en job c la s s
ex ceed ed the a v era g e for th ose in a h igher
job c la s s in the sa m e occupation, due to d if­
fe r e n c e s in in cen tiv e ea rn in g s.
F or sk illed rep a ir and m a i n t e n a n c e
cra ftsm en in esta b lish m en ts that u sed co m ­
m on job evalu ation s y ste m s, data w e r e r e ­
p orted sep a ra te ly for w o rk ers r e c e iv in g the
top rate for the job and for th o se r e c eiv in g
low er r a te s. 11 A v era g e ea rn in g s for th ose
at the top rate ranged fro m $4. 22 for e le c ­
tro n ic rep a irm en to $3. 40 for p a in ters. The
a v e r a g e s for th o se at the top rate ex ceed ed
th o se at le s s than the top rate by 5 to 9 p e r ­
cen t in 11 of the 13 cra ftsm en job s w h ere
both a v e r a g e s could be published; the d iffe r ­
en ce w as le s s than 5 p e rcen t in the other
tw o job s.
Incentive w o rk ers earn ed su b sta n tia lly
m o re than hou rly rated w o rk e rs em p loyed in
the sa m e occu pation (tab le 3). A m ong e sta b ­
lish m en ts that u sed the com m on job evalu ation
sy ste m , the advantage for in cen tiv e w o rk ers
over tim e w o r k e r s, in the 49 in sta n c e s w here
c o m p a r i s o n s w ere p o ssib le , am ounted to
9 p ercen t in one job, fro m 10 to 19 p ercen t
in 32 jo b s, from 20 to 29 p e rcen t in 11 job s,
and fro m 30 to 39 p ercen t in 5 jo b s.
E arn ings of ind ividu al w o rk e rs w ere d is ­
tribu ted w id ely w ithin the sa m e occu pation and
job c la s s a s a r e su lt of d iffe r e n c e s in in c e n ­
tiv e ea rn in g s. In a la r g e num ber of occu p a ­
tio n s, the h ig h e st hou rly ea rn in g s ex ceed ed
the lo w e st in the sam e occu pation and job
c la s s by $1 or m o re. C onseq uen tly, a num ­
b er of w o rk e rs w ho had a co m p a ra tiv ely low
job c la s s earn ed m o re than som e w o rk ers in
higher job c la s s e s . The fo llo w in g tabulation
fro m esta b lish m en ts that u sed the com m on




job evalu ation sy ste m illu s tr a te s the o v erlap
in ea rn in gs b etw een s c a r fe r s (job c la s s 7)
and so a k in g -p it cra n em en (job c la s s 15) in
b loom , slab , and b ille t m ills , d e sp ite a 95cen t d iffe ren c e in hou rly a v e r a g e s for the
two jo b s.
_______ Number of workers_______
Hourly earnings

Scarfers
(job class 7)

Soaking-pit
cranemen
(job class 15)
_

Under $3. 00 an h o u r------------$3. 00 and under $ 3 .4 0 --------$3. 40 and under $3. 8 0 --------$3. 80 and under $4. 2 0 --------$4. 20 and under $4. 6 0 --------$4. 60 and under $ 5 .0 0 --------$5. 00 and under $5. 4 0 --------$5. 40 and o v er ---------------------

237
337
140
54
81
32
13
23

Total workers--------------

917

634

Average hourly earnings-------

$3. 48

$4. 43

-

80
124
225
99

100
6

E sta b lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entaryWage P r o v isio n s
Data a ls o w e r e obtained on cer ta in e sta b ­
lish m en t p r a c tic e s includ ing sh ift p r o v isio n s
for prod uction w ork er s; w ork sch ed u les; o v e r ­
tim e p r e m i u m pay; s e le c te d su p p lem en ­
ta ry b en efits such a s paid h o lid a y s and v a c a ­
tio n s; a n d h ea lth , in su ra n ce, and p en sion
p lans for plant and o ffice w o rk e rs. 12
Scheduled W eekly H ours and O vertim e
P ay P r o v is io n s . W ork sch ed u les of 40 hou rs
a w eek w e r e in e ffe c t in esta b lish m en ts e m ­
ployin g a lm o st a ll plant w o rk ers and over
n in e-ten th s of the o ffice w o rk ers in Septem b er
1967. A ll e sta b lish m en ts v is ite d provid ed
d aily and w eek ly o v ertim e to prod uction w o rk ­
e r s . M ajor union co n tra cts c a ll for o v ertim e
pay at the ra te of one and o n e-h a lf tim e s the
reg u la r rate of pay for: (l) H ours w orked
in e x c e s s of 8 in a w orkday; (2) h ou rs w orked
in e x c e s s of 40 in a p a y ro ll w eek; and (3) hou rs
w orked on the six th or seven th w orkday (a) in

Establishments have a range of rates for such workers
which includes a beginning rate which starts four job classes below
the top or standard rate; an intermediate rate which starts two job
classes below; and the top or standard rate. Workers who receive
the beginning or intermediate rate, although they are qualified
journeymen, were classified as receiving a rate lower than the
top rate.
The information obtained in this survey relates only to
the incidence of these practices or benefits. For information on
industry expenditures for such items, see Employee Compensation
and Payroll Hours: Basic Steel. 1965. BLS Report 335-4 (1968).

7
a p a y ro ll w eek during w hich w ork w as p e r ­
form ed on 5 other w orkd ays or (b) of a 7c o n sec u tiv e-d a y p eriod during w hich the fir s t
5 days w ere w orked. W orkers under such
co n tra cts a re paid a p rem iu m of 25 p ercen t
b a sed on th eir reg u la r ra te of pay (a v era g e
stra ig h t-tim e hou rly ea rn in gs for in cen tiv e
w o rk ers) for a ll hou rs w orked on Sunday w hich
a re not paid for on an o v ertim e b a s is .
Shift D ifferen tia l P r a c tic e s . At the tim e
of the su rv ey n ea rly th r e e -te n th s of the p r o ­
duction w o rk ers w ere em p loyed on secon d
sh ifts and another o n e-fifth of the w o rk ers on
th ird or other late sh ifts. The d iffe ren tia ls
for a lm o st a ll sh ift w o rk e rs w e r e 8 cen ts in
add ition to day sh ift ra te s for secon d sh ift
w ork; and 12 cen ts for the third or other late
sh ifts. W orkers em p loyed in continuous op ­
era tio n d ep artm en ts, e. g. , b la st fu rn a ces,
open hearth fu rn a ces, freq u en tly a re a ssig n e d
to rotating sh ifts; they w ork v a r io u sly on day,
even in g, and night to u rs.
P aid H o lid a y s. P aid h o lid ays w ere p r o ­
vid ed to plant and o ffice w o rk ers by a ll e sta b ­
lish m en ts studied. Over n in e-ten th s in both
groups r e c e iv e d 7 h olid ays a y ea r, u su a lly
New Y ea r's Day, Good F rid ay, M em o ria l Day,
Independence Day, Labor Day, T hanksgiving,
and C h ristm a s. If the holiday fa lls on a Sun­
day, it is o b serv ed on the follow in g M onday.
F or w ork on a paid h oliday, slig h tly over
n in e-ten th s of the prod uction w o rk ers w ere
p rovid ed a rate of double tim e and one-fourth ;
m o st of the rem a in d er r e c e iv e d double tim e
and o n e-h a lf th eir reg u la r r a te s or ea rn in g s0
Annual and E xtended P aid V a ca tio n s. A n ­
nual paid v a ca tio n s, a fter qualifying p erio d s
of s e r v ic e , w ere provid ed to prod uction and
o ffice w o rk ers by a ll e sta b lish m en ts. The
la rg e m a jo rity of the prod u ction w o rk ers r e ­
ceiv ed 1 week* s pay after 1 y ea r of se r v ic e ,
2 w eek s after 3 y e a r s, 3 w eek s a fter 1 0 y e a r s,
and 4 w eek s a fter 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e . The
sch ed u le for a la r g e m a jo rity of the o ffice
w o rk ers w as slig h tly m o re lib e r a l— 1 w eek 's
pay a fter 6 m onths of se r v ic e , 2 w eek s a fter
1 y ea r, 3 w eek s after 10 y e a r s , and 4 w eek s
a fter 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
E xtended v a ca tio n s w ere a v a ila b le to p r o ­
duction w o rk ers in e sta b lish m en ts em p loying
over n in e-ten th s of the w ork fo r c e 0 T his
b e n efit u su a lly w as p rovided under a "Savings
and V acation Plan" to w hich em p lo y ers co n ­
trib u te a sp ec ified am ount to a fund that p r o ­
v id es 13 w e e k s1 v a ca tio n ev ery 5 y e a r s to




w o rk ers in the "Senior Group, " o n e-h a lf of
the em p lo y ees in the w ork fo rce w ith lo n g est
continuous se r v ic e ; the fund a ls o p ro v id es
sin g le w eek v a ca tio n b en efits for th ose in the
"Junior Group, " and r e tir e m e n t b en efits for
both grou p s.
T h ree-fifth s of the o ffice w o rk ers w ere
em p loyed in esta b lish m en ts that provid ed e x ­
tended v a ca tio n s under plans sim ila r to the
"Savings and V acation Plan" d e sc rib ed above.
A nother o n e-fifth of the o ffice w o rk ers w ere
in e sta b lish m en ts that provided other typ es
of extended v a ca tio n s.
H ealth, Insuran ce, and P en sio n P la n s .
L ife, h o sp ita liza tio n , and su r g ic a l in su ra n ce
w ere p rovid ed to plant and o ffice w o rk e rs by
a ll e sta b lish m en ts studied. N ea rly a ll plant
and a ll o ffice w o rk ers w ere provid ed p r o ­
tectio n a g a in st lo s s of pay due to s ic k n e ss
or a ccid en t. S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce
w as provid ed to m o re than n in e-ten th s of the
w o rk ers in both groups; a p p ro x im a tely n in eten ths of the o ffice w o rk ers a ls o w ere co v ered
by sic k lea v e p la n s. B a sic m ed ica l in su ran ce
w as provid ed to a p p roxim ately sev en -ten th s
of the prod uction w o rk ers and to m o re than
n in e-ten th s of the o ffice fo rce; ca ta stro p h e
in su ran ce to o n e -six th and tw o -th ird s, r e ­
sp ectiv ely ; and a ccid en ta l death and d is m e m ­
b erm en t in su ran ce w as p rovided to tw o-fifth s
of the plant w o rk ers and to o n e-th ird of the
o ffice w o rk e rs. E x c e p t for a few p la n ts,
e m p l o y e r s finan ced the en tire c o st of the
above b e n efits.
Under p r o v isio n s of union co n tra cts w ith
the S teelw o rk ers and m ajor com p a n ies in the
i n d u s t r y , life in su ra n ce b en efits for plant
w o rk e rs, w hich a re b a sed on w age r a te s,
ranged fro m $4, 500 to $7, 000, and red u ced
am ounts for r e tir e e s . W eekly b e n efits under
the sic k n e ss and a ccid en t in su ra n ce ranged
from $70 to $102. The m ed ica l in su ran ce
plan, w hich a lso c o v e r s dep en d en ts, p ro v id es
h o sp ita liza tio n b en efits and fu ll paym en t, on
a p rev a ilin g fee b a s is , of co v ered p h y sicia n 's
s e r v ic e s .
P en sio n plans providin g b e n efits in a d d i­
tion to th o se under so c ia l se c u r ity co v ered
a ll plant w o rk ers and v ir tu a lly a ll o f f i c e
w o rk e rs. P en sio n plans in m ajor union co n ­
tr a c ts includ e p r o v isio n s for e a rly r e t ir e ­
m ent, v estin g , and p erm an en t d isa b ility .
Other S elec ted B e n e fits. T ech n o lo g ica l
sev era n c e pay w as p rovided by esta b lish m en ts
e m p l o y i n g slig h tly over n in e-ten th s of the

8

prod u ction w o rk ers and a p p ro x im a tely th r e e fou rth s of the o ffice w o rk e rs. T his b e n efit
p ro v id es pay to em p lo y ees p erm an en tly s e p ­
a ra ted from w ork a s a r e s u lt of fo r c e r ed u c­
tion w hich a r is e s out of the in trod u ction of
new equipm ent or from the clo sin g of a d e ­
p artm en t or plant. Under te r m s of m ajor
union co n tra cts in the in d u stry, plant w o rk ­
e r s r e c e iv e d fro m 4 to 8 w eeks* pay depen d­
ing on th eir length of s e r v i c e w ith the
com pany.




Supplem ental un em p loym ent b e n efits w ere
p rovided by esta b lish m en ts em p loying n ea rly
a ll of the plant w o rk ers and th ree-fo u rth s of
the o ffice w o rk e rs. Under te r m s of m ajor
union co n tra cts for plant w o rk e rs, em p lo y ers
c o n t r i b u t e to a fund that p ro v id es w eek ly
b e n efits for w o rk e rs on layoff; sh o rt w eek
b en efits for any w eek in w hich an em p lo y ee
w ork s le s s than 32 hou rs; and r e lo c a tio n a l­
low a n ces w hich enable laid -o ff e m p lo y ees to
m o v e to another plant of the com pany.




Table 1. Earnings Distribution
(Percent distribution of production and related w orkers in all basic iron and steel establishm ents by average stra igh t-tim e
hourly earn ing s1 and in those having common job evaluation sy s te m s , 2 United S tates, Septem ber 1967)
Establishm ents having common
job evaluation system

A ll establishm ents

Average straight-tim e
hourly earnings1

A ll
w orkers

T im e workers

Incentive
w orkers

A ll
w orkers

T im e w orkers

Incentive
w orkers

Other establishm ents
An
w orkers

T im e w orkers

Incentive
workers

Under $ 2 . 40 ---------------------------------------------$ 2 . 40 and under $ 2 . 5 0 --------- ------------------

0. 5
3. 8

1 .5
9 .9

(3)
0. 6

_

_

.

3. 5

10. 5

0 .5

2 .4
5 .0

4 .4
8 .9

0. 2
.8
1. 1
1. 3
2 .0
3. 2
4 .0

$ 2 . 50
$ 2 . 60
$ 2 . 70
$ 2. 80
$ 2 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 . 6 0 --------------------------$ 2 . 7 0 ---------------------------$ 2 . 8 0 --------------------------$ 2. 9 0 ---------------------------$ 3 . 0 0 ----------------------------

4. 4
4. 6
4. 7
6 .9
6 .6

9 .8
9. 2
8. 2
12. 5
10. 3

1. 5
2. 2
2 .9
3 .9
4. 7

3 .9
5 .4
4. 5
7. 1
6 .6

9. 3
9 .5
8. 1
1 4 .4
1 0 .8

1 .6
2 .4
3 .0
4. 1
4 .8

6. 1
5 .0
5 .4
6 .0
6 .7

1 0 .9
8. 6
8. 6
8 .7
9. 3

$ 3 .0 0
$ 3. 10
$ 3. 20
$ 3. 30
$ 3. 40

and
and
and
and
and

unde r
under
under
under
under

$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.

1 0 --------------------------2 0 --------------------------3 0 --------------------------4 0 --------------------------5 0 ---------------------------

5 .9
5 .9
5. 5
5. 5
6 .4

6. 8
5. 8
3. 7
3 .8
6 .8

5. 4
5 .9
6. 5
6 .4
6. 3

5 .6
6. 1
5 .6
5. 6
6. 6

6 .0
5 .9
3. 1
3. 3
7 .0

5 .4
6. 2
6 .7
6 .6
6 .4

7 .0
5. 1
5. 1
5. 1
5 .9

8 .5
5 .5
5 .0
4. 7
6. 3

5.
4.
5.
5.
5.

$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.
$ 3.

50
60
70
80
90

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 3. 60 --------------------------$ 3 . 7 0 --------------------------$ 3 . 8 0 --------------------------$ 3. 9 0 --------- -----------------$ 4 . 0 0 ----------------------------

5 .6
4 .9
4. 1
3 .8
3. 7

3 .9
3 .8
1. 3
.4
. 3

6 .4
5 .4
5. 5
5. 6
5. 4

5 .8
5. 1
4. 1
4. 2
3 .9

4 .4
4. 4
1 .0
.4
. 3

6 .4
5. 4
5. 4
5 .8
5. 4

4 .6
4. 1
3 .9
2. 6
2 .9

2 .7
2 .8
2 .0
.4
.4

6 .7
5. 5
5 .9
5 .0
5. 5

$ 4 .0 0
$ 4 . 10
$ 4 . 20
$ 4 . 30
$ 4 . 40

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$4.
$4.
$4.
$4.
$4.

1 0 --------------------------2 0 --------------------------3 0 ---------------------------4 0 --------------------------5 0 ---------------------------

2 .9
2. 7
2. 2
1 .9
1. 3

.
.
.
.
.

3
2
1
3
2

4. 2
4. 1
3. 3
2. 7
1 .9

2 .8
2. 8
2. 2
1 .9
1. 3

.
.
.
.
.

2
2
1
4
2

3 .9
3 .9
3. 1
2. 5
1 .8

3. 1
2 .4
2 .0
2. 1
1. 2

.
.
.
.
.

5
2
1
3
3

5. 8
4 .8
4. 1
4 .0
2. 2

$ 4 . 50
$ 4 . 60
$ 4 . 70
$ 4 .8 0
$ 4 .9 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 . 6 0 --------------------------$ 4 . 7 0 --------------------------$ 4 . 8 0 ---------------------------$ 4 . 9 0 --------------------------$ 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------

1 .0
.8
.7
. 5
. 5

.
.
.
.

2
1
1
1

1 .0
.9
.7
.6
. 5

.2
. 1

0

(3 )
-1

1. 3
1. 3
1 .0
.8
.8

1. 2
.5
.4
. 5
.4

.
.
.
.

2
1
2
1

(3 )

1. 5
1 .2
1 .0
.8
.8

2. 2
1 .0
.7
. 8
.8

$ 5. 00 and over -----------------------------------------

2 .7

. 1

4 .0

2. 6

(3 )

3. 6

3. 1

. 3

6 .0

T o t a l ________________________________

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

Total number of w orkers -----------------------

452,97 7

155,409

297,568

355,178

105,166

250,01 2

97 ,799

50,243

47 ,556

Hourly earnings: 1
M e a n -----------------------------------------------------Median -------------------------------------------------Middle r a n g e-----------------------------------------

$ 3 .4 2
3. 32
2 .9 0 -3 .7 9

$ 2 .9 7
2. 90
2. 6 7 -3 . 20

$ 3 . 65
3. 56
3. 1 6 -4 .0 1

$ 3 .4 3
3. 35
2 .9 1 -3 .8 1

$ 2 .9 7
3 .9 0
2. 6 7 -3 . 20

$ 3 . 63
3. 53
3. 1 5 -3 .9 8

$ 3 . 35
3. 22
2 .8 2 -3 .7 4

$ 2 .9 6
2. 90
2. 6 2 -3 . 23

(3 )

6
7
2
5
5

$ 3 . 77
3. 67
3. 2 3 -4 . 12

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holid ays, and late sh ifts.
The m ean is computed by totaling the earnings
of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position; half of the w orkers surveyed receive m ore than the rate
shown and half receive le s s .
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn le ss than the lower of these rates
and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
2 Data are presented separately for establishm ents having a common job evaluation sy ste m , the sam e m inim um hourly rate ( $ 2 ,4 4 5 ) ,
and the sam e increm ent (7. 5 cents) between job c la s s e s .
3 L e ss than 0 .0 5 percent.
NO TE:

Because of rounding,

sums of individual item s m ay not equal 100.

(0

Table 2. Occupational Earnings
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in all basic iron and steel establishm ents
and in those having common job evaluation sy ste m s, 2 United S tates, Septem ber 1967)

D epartm ent, occupation, and
establishm ent c la ssified
according to job
evaluation s y s t e m 2

Num -

Job
cla ss 3

A v erage
hourly
of
w ork - earn­
ings 1

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
$2.40
$2.40

$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5 .60 $5.80 $6.00 $6.20 $6.40 $6.60

under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6.00 $6.20 $6.40 $6.60

and
over

Selected Departments 4
Coke works and byproducts
B enzol stillm e n , all establishm ents ~
E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -----------------

12
15
Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------D oor-m achin e op erators, all
establishm ents -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

130

$ 3 .9 2

110
23
16
20

3 .9 8
3 .8 0
4 . 19
3 .5 9

544

3 .6 4

472
37
420
72
380

3 .6 7
3 .4 2
3 .6 9
3 .4 7
4. 19

326
42
241
54
609

4 .2 3
4 . 34
4. 21
3 .9 5
3. 23

509
265
48
100

3 .2 6
3. 17
3 .5 8
3 .0 8

490

3 .7 0

12

414
151
263
76
241

3 .7 3
3. 65
3 .7 8
3 .5 3
2 .9 2

3

200
178
41

10
11

Other esta b lish m en ts.............. .......
H ea te rs, a ll esta b lish m en ts----------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------17
18
Other esta b lish m en ts--------------------Lidm en, all e s ta b lish m e n ts-------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m ----------------5

6
Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------P usher o p erators, all
e sta b lish m e n ts-------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

11
Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------W harfm en, all esta b lish m en ts------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Other esta b lish m en ts------------------

2 .9 1
2 .9 1
2 .9 5

4

2

24

21

23

15

37

4

4
4

2

-

17
4

19
8

4

"

"

“

"

2
12

15
7
2

37

-

-

12

-

_
-

4

4

-

-

49

27

75

218

162

13

_
_

_
-

75
68
-

-

-

-

27
-

189
189
29
53

13

-

162
16
138

-

_
_
-

17

_
_
_
-

_
-

-

47

59

26
26
21

55
17
9
4

-

_
_
_

_
-

20

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

_
-

"
_
.
_
.
"
_
_

.

33
21
12
16
“

_
Ill
53
29

_
_
273

58

256
189
5
17

66

-

_

-

8

_
_
8
88

-

_

40
4
40
13
13

_

17
18

88
4
16

13

18

-

18

52

151

154

25
25
27

139
17
122
12

137
101
36
17

_

74

142

72

14

74
38
49

134

64

14

88
8

50
8

14

_

_

_

-

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

16

-

67

13

161

16
8
4

9
9
4

140
134
21

23
23
12

8

10

63

36

199

214

35

8

8

10
10

34
5
12
29

36
32

195
178

18

8

4

188
109
34
26

17

40

48

52

29

28

17

_
.

31
31

44
12
28

21
4

24
24

10

21

16

48
23
25
104

_

16
4

104
80

_

_

_

-

13

46
33
13
20
35

_

12

67
67

12
12
4

B la st fu rn aces, ore handling,
and sinter plant
Cinder sn app ers, all
establishm ents ----------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -----------------

6
7
Other esta b lish m en ts--------------------F ir s t blowing en gin eers, all
establishm ents ----------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m ----------------13
15
K e e p e r s, a ll establishm ents ------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m ----------------14
Other establishm ents
See footnotes at end of table,




573

3. 32

497
334
48
76

3. 32
3. 31
3 .3 2
3 .3 0

230

3 .8 1

185
94
53
574

3 .6 0
3 .6 4
3 .5 6
3 .9 3

511
465
63

3 .9 6
4. 01
3 .6 6

_
_
_
_
-

-

_
_
-

"
_
_
.
-

-

_
.
_
.
-

-

10

_
-

-

.

21

-

2
17

-

139

232

44

8

97
97
42

232
232

44
44

8
8

Table 2. Occupational Earnings— Continued
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in a ll b asic iron and steel establishm ents
and those having common job evaluation sy ste m s, 2 United States, Septem ber 1967)

Departm ent, occupation, and
establishm ent classified
according to job
evaluation sy stem 2

Num Job
class 3

of
w orke is

A verage
hourly
earn -

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
$2.40
$2.40

$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6.00 $6.20 $6.40 $6.60

under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $ 5 .0 0 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6.00 $6.20 $6.40 $6.60

and
over

S elected Departm ents4—Continued
B la st fu rn aces, ore handling.
and sin ter plant— Continued
K eeper h e lp e r s, all
establish m en ts--------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

Other estab lish m en ts-----------------L arrym en , all esta b lish m en ts------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------O r e -b r id g e cranem en, all
e s ta b lish m e n ts-------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------S intering-m achine op erators,
all esta b lish m en ts-------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------Stock u nloaders, all
e s ta b lish m e n ts-------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Other estab lish m en ts------------------

1, 049

$3. 38

901
90
82
452
148
564

3 .4 2
3. 38
3. 31
3. 56
3. 16
3 .6 1

475
41
340
74
89

3. 62
3. 71
3. 63
3 .6 2
3. 56

_
_

350

3 .8 2

-

271
200
79

3 .7 5
3. 77
4. 04

-

-

"

-

149

3 .6 1

-

-

121
45
28

3 .6 9
3. 71
3. 30

_

473

3. 07

-

44

401
332
72

3 .0 9
3. 06
2. 94

.

28
28
16

574

4 .5 9

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_
-

_
8

_

_
_

_

13

71

163

272

304

166

45

15

4

51

102
8
27
4
61
47

272
66
8
110

166
8
12
138

45

15

45

12

92

246
8
25
142
58
82

171

134

30

14

70
4
56
10
12

171
5
145
21
-

107
24
62
13
27

13

_
.
_

9
-

_

_

10
1
20
-

-

_
_
-

-

-

-

33

92
8
55
25
-

-

-

-

1

17

103

50

93

29

20

35

-

93
87
-

_

-

42
18
8

29
29

-

80
54
23

7

-

17
11

-

1
1
-

13

35

-

23

14

8

10

47

22

18

3

4

_

_

5

18
4

3

4

9

40
29
7

22
4

-

8
8
-

4

-

17
.
6

32

80

159

121

14

23

21
17
11

64
56
16

151
143
8

100
74
21

14
14

23

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

47

50

133

54

8

_

_

_
.

_
_

_
_
-

_

_

14

-

_

_

6

8
5
17
-

2

_

2

146

43

-

-

-

-

-

13

59

21

8

_

.

.

.

.

_

8
8

_

_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_

17
44

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

243

124

72

31

20

135

224
142
10
72
19

80
46
4
18
44

54
25
4
25
18

31
14

20
8

101
58

14
-

12
-

43
34

-

-

-

-

Open hearth furnaces
Charing-m achine op erators,
all estab lish m en ts--------------------------Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------F ir s t h elp ers, all establishm ents —
E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------24
25
27
Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------Ladle cranem en, a ll
e s ta b lish m e n ts-------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Other esta b lish m en tsSee footnotes at end of table.




457
423
117
1, 241

4 .5 8
4 . 54
4 . 66
5 .5 9

1, 016
586
52
242
225

5. 53
5 .5 8
5. 36
5 .8 3
5 .8 3

795

4. 52

696
423
99

4 .5 1
4 .4 7
4. 57

_
_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

_

-

-

“

"

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

_
_

-

_
_

-

_

-

39
39
8

42
42
8
52

51

-

90
90
43
31

37
37
17
5

146
129

31

5

14
1

-

1

31
-

-

1
4
-

43
43

_

_
_

55

155

186

35
35
24
88

1
1

155
108

54

11
-

146
68
24
5
40

82
72
3
7
6

_

-

-

13

4

35
30
5

_

9

-

10

4

75

61

165

146

129

63

72

44

14

-

-

4

41
41
20

157
128
8

117
58
29

63
63

■

67
38
8

129
58

“

10
2
“

60
9
12

22
18
22

14
8
-

4
4

_

-

“

-

_
_

.

_

_

-

8

-

-

-

_

8

_
_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

Table 2. Occupational Earnings— Continued
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in a ll b asic iron and steel establishm ents
and those having common job evaluation s y ste m s, 2 United States, Septem ber 1967)

Departm ent, occupation, and
establishm ent cla ssified
according to job
evaluation sy stem 2

Num Job
c la ss 3

of
w ork ers

A verage
hourly
Under
ea rn ; __ _ 1 $2.40
ings

Number of w ork ers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $ 6 . 0 0 $ 6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2 . 6 0
$2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $ 6 . 0 0 $ 6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60 over

Selected Departm ents4— Continued
Open hearth furnaces—Continued
S tock ers, raw m a te r ia ls, all
e sta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

641
535
2

110

3

249
106

Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------Second h e lp ers, all
E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------14
15
Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------Second steel p o u re rs, all
e sta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------15
Other esta b lish m en ts------------------Stockyard cranem en, all
e sta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------7
Other esta b lish m en ts------------------

3.
3.
3.
3.

21
05
12
25

1, 271

4 .6 1

1, 021

4. 60
4 .4 4
4 .6 0
4. 67

145
833
250

-

18

53

128

103

124

93

74

40

8

-

18
18
-

24
24
29

126
57
27

103

120

74

29

8

12

28
76
4

33
13
_
60

17
-

4
11

18

40

102

212

120

196

201

172

40

31

27

37

23

16

52
40

65
4
57
55

168
27
141
28

172
13
159
29

148
148
24

40

27

37
_
37

23
13

25

31
_
24

8

16
4
_

50

182
34
143
30

12

59

16

52

58

21

6

34

-

_

_

_

58
_

_
.
_

8

8

_
_
-

8

-

21

6

26

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

4. 19
4. 34
4 .7 5
4 .5 7

_
-

_

_
_

-

599

3 .7 2

-

479
413

-

120

3 .6 8
3 .6 5
3 .8 7

-

393

5. 05

_

261
114
70
132
375

5. 36
5. 6 8
5. 57
4 .4 3
3 .9 1

217
98
158

253
57
28
90

2

83
-

2

4. 29

343

10

$3. 22

-

-

-

18
18
-

40
40
-

-

-

48

12

25

2

-

-

_
-

1

-

5

1

5

-

-

-

-

_

_

4
_
-

_
-

21

12

63

125

51
47

117
96

12

_

48
_
-

12

71

125

-

38
38
33

125
119
-

-

_

21

1

12

_
-

8

2
21

34
_
_
.

_
_
_

_
_
_
34

_

_

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

_

-

_

-

3

59

12

21

-

-

12

4

52
36
_
-

39

73

29

40

12

16

49
31
24

10
10

16

19

16
16
24

12
8

8

39
39
-

52

1

9

2

18

10

72

11

41

45

34

35

17

9

13

12

1

9

2

9

10

11

17

9

13

22
10

12

_
76

20

34
34
_
_

35

-

23
16
4
18

25

-

48
16
18
24
_

.

5
_

4

-

8

_

8

E le ctr ic furnaces
F ir st h e lp ers, a ll establish m en ts—
E stablishm ents having common
jnh pva 1i,iation s y s t e m _________
23
24
Other esta b lish m en ts------------------Mouldmen , a ll e sta b lish m e n ts -----E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------6

Stopper m ak ers, all
e sta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------5
Other esta b lish m en ts------------------

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

48

21

40

-

-

37

3
_

-

_
-

106

88

12

.
_

_
9
_

-

-

-

48
24

-

37
26

8

12

_

-

-

-

-

-

3. 6 6
3 .5 5
4. 26

-

100
6

80

3 .4 8

-

-

9

-

1

26

1

4

25

2

3. 62
3 .4 5
3. 27

-

-

-

10

1
1

4
4

20
6

2

_

1
1

-

-

-

5

84

5. 10

62

5. 18
4. 61
4 .8 9

-

-

-

6

9
16

15

3

10

9
_

3
-

3
_

8

72

68

"

.
_

48

41
24
27

3
3

-

B a sic oxveen furnaces
Furnace o p erators, all
establishm ents
E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------17
Other esta b lish m en ts------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




22
22

6

11

■

-

-

"

6

5

13

9

8

16

4

4

-

5
5

-

16

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
4

8

-

13
3
-

-

-

-

4

4

“

-

15

“

-

9
4

4
4

Table 2. Occupational Earnings— Continued
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in a ll basic iron and steel establishm ents
and those having common job evaluation sy ste m s, 2 United States, Septem ber 1967)

Departm ent, occupation, and
establishm ent cla ssified
according to job
evaluation s y s t e m 2

Job
c la ss

Num -

A ver-

of
w orke is

hourly
Under
earn $2.40

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6.00 $6.20 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6.00 $6.20 $6.40 $6.60 over

Selected Departm ents4—Continued
1

B asic oxygen furnaces— Continued
Furnacem en, fir s t, all
establishm ents -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Ladle cranem en, all
establishm ents -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------15
16
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------Ladle lin e r s, all establishm ents —
E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------9
Steel p o u re rs, fir s t, all
e sta b lish m e n ts-------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------16
Stopper m a k e r s, all
establishm ents -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------5

72

$4 74

4

16

5

4

6

3

26

4

58

4 76

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

5

-

6

3

-

-

24

-

-

-

-

4

-

222

4. 75

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

9

26

8

34

19

28

41

-

18

27

-

-

-

-

184
36
134
38
118

4.
4.
4.
4.
3.

84
74
95
31
98

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
-

_
_

_
_

9
_

_

_

-

16
2

21
6

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

15

_
2

_
_

13

12
3

-

8

_
9

41
12
29
_

_

-

28
8
20
_

21

-

25
8
12
9
4,

16

-

8
8
_
_
9

_

-

17
_
17
9
5

14

-

_
_

108
71

3. 99
4. 32

_

_

9
4

-

3
3

15
12

2
2

5

-

9
-

_

-

8
"

9
2

-

48
48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

124

4. 79

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

28

-

-

25

17

16

4

4

24

-

-

-

-

-

96
71

4. 95
4. 79

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

12
10

_

_

17
17

16
13

_

_

_

-

-

22
6

_

-

,25
25

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

3. 01

-

23
22

3. 03
3. 00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

“

“

“

“

“

"

~

-

-

156

4. 13

_

82
64
74
348

4.
4.
4.
3.

14
21
13
99

_
_
_

259
54
174
89

4.
4.
4.
3.

13
09
19
60

283

3. 84

230
58
104
53
759

3.
3.
3.
4.
3.

644
30
144

3. 20
2. 92
3. 08

-

\

-

19
_
50

_

4
-

_
_
_

_

_

-

-

-

8

9

6

3

-

1

-

-

_

6
6

8
8

4
4

3
3

_

1
“

_

_

_

"

“

“

-

2

33

1

25

1

7

9

10

10

f

2

4

2

41

1

3

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

2
2

4
4

2
2

3
3

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

4
4

2

63

16

39

-

11

5

29

5
5
36
21

_

-

10
7

_

-

9
7

1

_

7
3

1

_
_

25
21

7

12
10

39
15
22

_

11

5

-

-

_

t 11

5

29
3
25

“

_

1
1
1

Foundry
C orem a k ers, a ll establishm ents —
E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------14
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------M ou ld ers, all estab lish m en ts--------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------14
16
Other establishm ents

-

-

-

33
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

1
75

14

18

8
6
2
44

13

18
2
12

44
22
21

56

4

65
7
57
10

5

13

34

35

62

49

5
5
_
98

13
1
9

34
9
10

-

-

230

208

16
1
11
19
34

62
22
23
_
50

45
9
21
4
-

63
45

224
16
38

187
3
47

34

30

-

-

-

10
1

_

_
_

*

3
_
3
18

_
_

13
13
5
8

_

-

_

-

_
_

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
»

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_
_

_
_

B loom , slab , and b illet m ills
Bottom m a k e r s, all
e sta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------10
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------H ookers, all e sta b lish m e n ts---------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------3
4

See footnotes at end of table,




75
66
82
23
18

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

78

22
11
11

47

-

_

-

-

-

3

_

51

12

8

12
'4
8

8

_

6

8

_

6

-

6

29
7
8
22
3 •,3 0
1

30

6

8

8

_

_

6

0)

Table 2. Occupational Earnings— Continued
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in all basic iron and steel establishm ents
and those having common job evaluation sy ste m s, 2 United States, Septem ber 1967)
Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
establishm ent c lassified
according to job
evaluation s y s t e m 2

Job
cla ss 3

of
w ork­
ers

age
hourly
Under
earn­
$2.40
ings 1

$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6.00 $6.20 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6.00 $6.20 $6.40 $6.60 over

Selected D epartm ents4—Continued
B loom , slab , and
b illet m ills— Continued
M anipulators, all establishm ents —
Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

$ 4 .5 6

_

_

_

_

_

202
67
53
39
65
376

4 .4 5
4. 39
4 .5 5
4 .4 3
4 .8 9
3. 79

_
-

_
1

_
-

_
_
19

_
_
30

1
1
44

15
_
5
_
37

10
7
6
69

17
4
8
5
4
45

15
11
4
2
48

31
12
12
7
6
36

54
22
9
16
9
35

11
3
_
23
-

327
62
85
60
30
49
1, 268

3 .8 1
3 .7 3
3 .8 1
4 . 04
3 .9 6
3 .6 6
3. 63

-

1
_
_
-

42

19
9
253

20
4
8
4
4
10
258

34
5
6
5
10
192

28
10
7
9
89

69
7
27
3
8
97

45
4
9
23
3
30

34
7
11
3
12
14
65

32
8
12
9
4
60

35
8
5
6
_
41

1, 098
917
145
170

3 .6 7
3 .4 8
4 .8 0
3. 38

-

_
-

42

253
237
16
-

213
211
1
45

187
126
48
5

57
57
_
32

83
83
_
14

12
3
5
18

61
51
4

56
52
4
4

39
29
2
2

862

4 . 38

-

-

-

4

-

38

31

51

91

91

146

152

726
58
634
136

4 . 39
4 .4 8
4 .4 3
4. 34

_
-

.
_
-

-

4
-

_
_
-

24
14

31
29
-

51
.
51
-

71
26
45
20

79
79
12

134
8
126
12

99
99
53

472

4 .9 9

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

22

28

27

43

51

50

36

63

391
153
126
81

4 .8 9
4 .5 1
5. 35
5 .4 7

-

_

-

-

-

11
-

-

14
5

28
-

27
23
4

43
38
5

43
27
12
8

40
21
17
10

28
13
6
8

43
16
23
20

267

13
14
15
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------P it r e c o r d e r s, all establish m en ts—
Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------9
10
11
12
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------S c a r fe r s, all estab lish m en ts---------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------7
8
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------Soaking-pit cranem en, all
e sta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------13
15
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------Soaking-pit h ea ters, all
esta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------18
19
Other esta b lish m en ts------------------

1

15

16

21

17

37

8

63

34

11

7

4

_

_

_

7

7
2
5
_
_

7
3
_
4
_
-

_
_
_
4
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
7
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

4

12

-

4

-

-

59

12
10
2
-

_
_
_
-

_
4

.
_
-

_
_
-

59
11
48
-

-

-

_

_

-

_
_

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

27

12

31

27
_
10

12
12

16
_
_
15

23

4

11
7
_
_
5

23
5
5
2
_
4

_
.
4
3

-

3

4

3

_
_
_
18

3
_
2
25

4
_

3

12

7

18
10
8
-

25
22
3
-

12
7
5
-

7
6
1
-

4
2
2
-

73

42

107

30

_

6

61
_
57
12

42
_
42
-

94
12
82
13

30
12
18

_
_
_

6
6

18

9

11

29

4

18
10
8

9
_
1

7
3
4

21
21
8

4
_
4

'

'

7

'

P lates

Burning-m achine op erators,
all estab lish m en ts-------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------7
8
Plate layerouts, all
e sta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------11

See footnotes at end of table.




145

3 .7 6

-

-

1

34

13

28

11

6

1

8

14

13

-

9

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

138
36
79

3 .8 0
3. 32
3 .7 2

_

.

28
11
16

13
9
4

28
6
22

11
2
7

6
-

1
.
1

8
2
2

14
6
8

13

-

9

-

3

-

-

_

-

-

_

4

•

.
_

9

_

7

_

3

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

108

3 .9 5

-

-

-

-

21

8

5

14

22

10

1

8

5

-

1

10

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

101
28

3 .9 8
3 .8 3

-

-

-

-

5

10
3

1
"

8
"

-

-

-

-

-

“

10
■

-

“

1
1

3

“

22
17

-

*

11
2

5

“

21
5

4

“

"

“

“

“

■

"

Tabic 2.

Occupational Earnings— Continued

(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s in a ll b a s ic ir o n and s te e l esta b lish m en ts
and those h aving com m on jo b eva lu a tion s y s te m s , 2 U n ited S tates, S ep tem b er 1967)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs <
e s ta b lish m en t c la s s ifie d
a c c o rd in g to jo b
eva lu a tion s y s te m 2

Job
c la s s

,
3

g ,

rk
e is

m gs

Under
$2.40

i

$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $6 .2 0 $6.40 $6.60
and
ana
under
$2 .6 0 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60 o v e r

S e le c te d D ep a rtm en ts4—Continued
B a r m ills
A s s is ta n t b a r - m ill r o lle r s ,
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------18
19
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------B a r c a tc h e rs , a ll esta b lish m en ts —
E sta b lish m en ts h avin g com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------10
11
12

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------C h a rg e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------E s ta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------5
6

O th er efit^blishnieTits
R ou gh ers, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------E s ta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------13
14
15
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------S h earm en , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----E sta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m ------------

305

$4.62

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

5

53

19

51

54

26

11

20

13

6

26

12

6

_

_

.

216
49
91
89
412

4. 57
4. 23
4.6 6
4. 74
3.80

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

2

_
_
63

1
1

5

48

8

20

10

6

6

9

6

_

_

-

4

4

no

_
58

32
4
25

11

_

33
15
3

19

-

_
43

327
43
41
169
85
360

3. 72
3. 18
3.58
3.85
4. 12
3. 36

-

-

26

58

43
24
_
19
_
95

43
19
7

no
27
59
30

270
42
163
90
458

3.
3.
3.
3.
4.

29
15
30
56
19

_

-

26

46
9
37

73

43

20

_

_

_

357
163
96
41

4. 01
3.79
4. 27
4. 27
4.81
3.74

.
_
_

_
-

_
-

3.73
3.49
3.88
4. 01
3.75

-

-

-

”

101

495

11

316
64
61

12

111

10

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------

179

4

2

"

6

5
_

22

4
3
15

6

20

28
3
9

69

52

-

20

9

12

2

32

6

18
_

2

6
21

15

6

36

2

6

8

6

_

28

3

-

20

5
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

6

3
_

22

-

_

28

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
47

_

28

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

6

-

_

4

-

-

4

24

-

5

6

16

_

11

10

2

6

17

28

26

13

5

6

11
20
21

43

15

6

5

27

6

_

_

4

10

_

6

5
3

21

6

_

_

_

10

_

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
4

_
_
_

6

_
_
_
_

_
_
24
_

_

_

_

-

_

-

"

30

21

6

22

20

24

27

75

72

60

39

31

24
_
16

27
25

67
27
24
16
5
73

50
24

33
25

21

23

4

11

20
2

6

6

4

9
7

_
65

55
41
4
-

-

10

6

8
20

6

75

95

7
18

16

13
3
-

42
23
9

51
16

43

50

30

18

16

12

10

12

12

23

25
25

2

3

19
”

15
7
65

_

6

4
19
30

10

1

20

24
.
7

12

.

20

63

8

20

1

26
6

2

10

20

51

8

2

21

_

_
4

.

6

6

6

3
_
_
_
13

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

6

13

4

-

3

_

_

10

4

_

6

2

6

Continuous h o t-s tr ip m ills
A s s o r t e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------6

C o il b a n d ers, a ll esta b lish m en ts —
E sta b lish m en ts h avin g com m on
4
5
C o ile r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------E sta b lish m en ts h avin g com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------11
12

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le.




226

2.96

_

_

76

113

8

191
65
350

2.97
2.81
3.36

-

-

72
52

84

8

10

6

1

5

166

59

189
51
74
204

3.61
3.58
3.70
4 .2 0

1

-

-

-

5
-

38
26
14

37
23
7
4

139
62
29
65

4. 27
4 .08
5. 00
4.0 4

-

-

-

-

14
-

4
4
-

“

“

■

"

~

“

_

11

10

2

_

_

_

11

10

-

-

-

21

3
44

12

6

6

4

19
5
14

44
9
4

12
10

3
-

21

12

39

17

1
1

7
3
2
5

23
20

20

16

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

20
16

4

7

13

_
4

6

-

_
-

_

_
_
_

_
-

9

4

20

18

4
4
29

11

17

27

7

5

4

6

-

-

-

_

-

9
-

12

9

2

2

2

6

-

-

5

4

6

-

.

_

_

_

6

1

2

4
7

-

-

8

-

-

*

-

-

-

“

3

6

20

Table 2.

Occupational Earnings— Continued

0)

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l esta b lish m en ts
and those having com m on jo b eva lu a tion s y s te m s , 2 U n ited S ta tes, S e p tem b er 1967)

esta b lish m en t c la s s ifie d
a c c o rd in g to jo b
eva lu a tion s y s te m 2

Job
c la s s

3

per
of
w ork ­
e rs

age
h ou rly
U nder
e a rn ­
$2.40
ings 1

$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60 o v e r

S e le c te d D ep a rtm en ts4—Continued
Continuous h o t-s tr ip
m ills — Continued
C o il fe e d e r s , a ll esta b lish m en ts —
E sta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------5
6

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------H e a te r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
job evalu ation s y s t e m -----------20
21
22

23
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------R o u gh ers, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------15
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------S trip fin is h e r s , a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------E sta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
job evalu ation s y s t e m -----------14
15
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------S t r ip - m ill cra n em en , a ll
E s ta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m ------------

$3. 97

_

1

1

5

30

5

7

31

19

45

8

12

10

6

1

3

14

_

_

_

-

146

-

1

1

28
24
3
27

5
4
14

8

8

10

12
2

6

3

14
14

-

-

-

-

.

_

1

7
14

3

4
4

6
6

1

-

3
-

38

-

5
3
-

8

52
186

4. 12
4. 13
4. 17
3.55
5. 17

131
9
35
24
27
55
146

5.37
4. 62
5.56
6 . 06
5.65
4. 68
5. 19

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

8

-

20

3

20

-

86

30
60

4. 98
5. 06
5.48

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

118

4 .98

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

54

2

42

37

1

42
19
18
5

21
62

37
32

4 .7 9
4. 08
5. 01
5.47

452

3.71

336

86
21

8

66

9

205
59
116

3.74
3.51
3. 71
4. 16
3.61

56

3.26

10

_

198

22

1
2

-

8

7
5
-

-

-

-

-

7

1

14

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3
-

6

-

-

-

11

-

23
17

1

-

4

2

1

-

-

3
-

38

12

8

11

8

1

11

15

-

2

23

25
3
4

12

8

7

8

1

7

15

-

2

19

6
2

4
_
4
4

4
_
4
13

1

5
2

4
-

_
7

_

_
_

3
3
9
7

1

2

2

4
13

29

12
12

3
7
13

-

2

6
6

_
-

3
4
18

-

12

7

-

5

2

2

6

-

3
-

2
2
2

11
6
2

-

2

9
9
4

1

-

3
4

4

-

23
7

6

1

-

20

-

-

-

10

11

10

9

23

3

4

13

2

6

8

2

6

3

-

8

-

.
-

-

.

8

3
-

-

107

70

66
21

48
48
-

1

2

2

6

-

2

-

-

1

6

2

2

54

22

13

6

16

38
32

13
5

6

16
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

6

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

1

-

8

2

9

8
2

-

1

-

-

66

53

6

22

32
13

16

6

3

4

6

2

6

2

-

-

-

4

8

3

2

10

-

11
2

2

6

-

3
-

4

2

2

-

5
-

2

1

11

10

1

17
13

2

16
16
-

45
41

6

2

6

-

-

2

2

6

3

-

-

8

B a r and n a rro w s trip
fin ish in g m ills
B atch p ic k ie r lo a d e r s , a ll
E sta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------C h ip p ers, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------E s ta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------7
C o ld -s a w o p e r a to r s , a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------E s ta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------5
6

See footn otes at end o f ta b le .




13

2

2

-

13
-

2

2

73

54

23
-

3
42

4
4

23

56
177

3. 26
3. 11

-

137
137

3. 19
3. 19

-

-

-

33
33

54
54

-

42
42

4
4

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

130

3. 01

-

6

35

44

21

1

14

2

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

112

3. 04
2 . 82
2.89

-

25
13

36

14

2

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
-

1

-

6
-

1

2

“

"

12

2

-

“

-

2

“

“

“

-

-

“

“

-

“

-

-

"

"

“

16
16

Table 2.

Occupational Earnings— Continued

(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l esta b lish m en ts
and those having com m on jo b evalu ation s y s te m s , 2 U nited S tates, S e p tem b er 1967)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs <
esta b lish m en t c la s s ifie d
a c c o rd in g to job
eva lu a tion s y s te m 2

Job
c la s s

3

w o rk e is

age
h ou rly
Under
e a rn $2.40

$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0.0 $6 .2 0 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60 o v e r

S e le c te d D e p a rtm e n ts 4—Continued
C old s trip and sh eet m ills
A s s is ta n t tan dem m ills r o lle r s ,
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------E s ta b lish m en ts h avin g com m on
job evalu ation s y s t e m -----------16
17
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------C o il fe e d e r s , a ll esta b lish m en ts —
E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
job eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------5
6

7
Continuous an n ealin g lin e o p e r a ­
t o r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------E sta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
job eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------17
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------F ly in g s h ea rm en , a ll
E s ta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
job eva lu a tion s y s t e m ------------

208

$5. 30

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

4

12

2

7

17

27

8

32

16

15

7

10

10

8

23

9

162
55
52
46
449

5. 28
5.59
5.36
5. 39
3. 90

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

4

12

2

1

9

23
14

8

24
4

12

15
9

7
-

10

10
2

8

9
4

2

1

-

-

-

51

40

46

48

50

2
8

11

_
48

6

8

9

34

44

7
4
_
16
-

366
132
48
73
83

3.84
3. 56
3. 90
4. 29
4. 12

_
_

6

11

5
4
_

9
_

44
32
3
3
4

43
16

38
14

8

6
10
2

34
_
16

17
3
3
5
27

23
3

10

44
33
_

28

_
_

232

4. 58

-

-

-

-

2

3

195
76
37

4 .5 2
4. 85
4 .8 8

-

-

-

_
-

2

_
-

214

3.99

25

19

2

1

10

8

11

90
52

3.98
3.81
4. 21
4. 01

_
_
-

1, 178

3.48

-

-

11

1, 024
35
261
219
218
54
154

3.45
3. 11
3. 06
3.82
3. 75
3.75
3.71

_
_
_
_

_
.
-

11

232

4. 23

-

-

176
18
90
56

4.
4.
4.
4.

-

-

-

_

-

696

3. 16

162

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------S trip in s p e c to r s , a ll
esta b lish m en ts --------------------------E sta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------7
8
10
11
12

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------T an d em m ill fe e d e r s , a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------E s ta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------7
9
O fb ? f pfit^hHsVimpnt.s

28
34
20
07

1

2

-

25
-

13

.
-

-

1

6
6

6
2

3
-

4
4
_
_

6

6

_
4

-

9

4
4

9

4

4

-

-

-

_

-

4

2
2

_
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

8

1

_
-

2

_
6

20

31

29

-

8

29

16

26

26

7

10

15

18

-

3

5

-

4

3
_
-

31
16
-

21

_
-

8

19
9
7

7
7
.

8

11

5
4

7
2

4
4

16
16

6

16
-

22

-

23
3

8

2

_
_

3
_
-

5
5
_

_
.
_

_
_
4

8

31

26

27

9

5

8

17

9

7

10

1

3

2

2

1

1

2

1

-

5

4

2

19
-

12

1

10
12

9
14

24
4
16
3

9
7
-

4
3

6

6

3

1

360

95

227

126

131

46

53

89
3

221
10

42
5

113

37

_
_

358
15
203
_

10

2

5

57
145
_

“

2

6

6

84

42
5
31
18

1

3

9

21

23

3
2

9
4

10
1

-

1

9

1

12

2
2

3

4

1

10

4
13

35
15
4
5
15

10

10

59

2

4
23

6

13

13
3
3

1

3
5

1

2

2

-

-

2

2

_
_

1

_
_

-

-

1

-

2

11

5

-

3

6

3

8

11

5

-

3

6

3

3
5
-

_

_

-

_

_

3
-

6

3

10

1

4
3

1
2

4

-

_

-

14
14
3

-

10

12

29

22

8

12

8

43

4

9

25

18

8

10

1
10

19

-

-

5
14
9

10

1

6

13
4

-

6
1

.
19

2
10

-

2

6

3

4

25

19

11

27

36

-

17
-

16
-

10

-

11
-

2

10

11

11

8
6

9

9

23
4
14
4

17
2

1

8

-

2

1

3
3
-

2
2

4

6

6

4

"

2

-

“

“

-

15

21

11

-

6

-

-

15

-

2

1

6

4

-

2
1

6

-

-

-

-

4

-

34

-

-

11
1

-

6
6

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
2

-

13

15

2

-

-

-

-

_

-

4
_

Tube fin ish in g
C u t-o ff m ach in e o p e r a to r s ,
E s ta b lis h m en ts h avin g com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------5
6

7
u u ie r e s ia D n s n m e n is ------------- —

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le.




396
127
141
111

300

3. 36
3.20
3. 30
3.61
2.90

_
_

.

163

138

126

102

45

39

19

32

8

24

34
18
16
129

29
-

102

24
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

40

3
3
-

24

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

37

14
14
5

27
15

13
109

45
3
38
4

29
-

12

89
37
42

54
8

2

19
10

6

3
5

5

Table 2.

Occupational Earnings— Continued

00

(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s in a ll b a s ic ir o n and s te e l esta b lish m en ts
and those having com m on jo b evalu ation s y s te m s , 2 U n ited S ta tes, S ep te m b e r 1967)

D ep a rtm en t, occu pation, and
e sta b lish m en t c la s s ifie d
a c c o rd in g to job
eva lu a tion s y s t e m 2

Num Job
c la s s

3

of
w ork e is

A verage
h ou rly
Under
ea rn $2.40

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs of—
$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $6 .2 0 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $6 .2 0 $6.40 $6.60 o v e r

S e le c te d D ep a rtm en ts4—Continued

Tube fin ish in g — Continued
S tra ig h te n e rs , a ll esta b lis h m e n ts —
E s ta b lis h m en ts having com m on
9
10

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------

_

335

$3. 22

150
50
32
185

3.41
3.40
3. 53
3. 06

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

“

“

335

3. 20

_

8

257
197

2.93
2.89

-

8
-

87

3.45

-

-

3.45
3. 71

-

-

92

135

24

24

22

26

10

2

26

41

14

10

2

21

11

17
5

26

1

14
5

1

10

_

6

66

94

10

8
10

2
2

4

_

5

140

31

47

6

13

6

136
136

31
16

47
13

6

6

6

13
13

-

25

2

10

29

-

25

2

10

-

-

2

_

10

6

Rod and w ir e m ills
B u n d lers, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
job eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------5
C o ile r s (ro d m ill), a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m ------------

81
31

8

N a il-m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------E s ta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m ------------

9

A l l D ep artm en ts

7

3

2
2

7
7

11

-

6

-

_

_

-

_

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

23

11

-

6
2

_
_

_
_

4
4

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

7

_
_

_

6

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

2

-

1

"

2

_
_

1

_

_
_

_

_

_
_

“

2

“

“

3.

68

40

1

-

1

11

14

25

6

104

15

12

15

10

5

6

3. 95
3.96

-

1

1

11

6
6

62

15
15

12
12

15
15

10

5
5

6

11

25
25

10

-

14
14

62

-

-

210

3. 14

-

-

1

102

9

46

35

4

10

1

2

184
152

3. 13
3. 10

-

_

1

102

2

17

4
4

1

86

35
32

10

_

9
9

20

-

1

1

2

1,865

3.95

15

■

-

147

194

45

105

120

393

71

99

535

40

26

20

45

6

1

1,450
318
109
992

3. 88
3.56
3.95
4. 00

-

-

120

45

6

1

8

9
25

“

23

45

86

99
9
7
83

175
9
5
161

20

"

71
7
17
47

26
5
_

-

393
70
323

40
18
_

"

174
31
131

105
52

-

127
84
25

45

-

-

22

21

3. 64

5

3

17

21

410

307

130

240

159

88

3.66
3. 68
3. 62
3. 69
3.56

-

-

-

17

13

315

-

-

-

123

52
40
38

-

-

-

-

5

3

"

"

8

95

233
4Q
27
18
7

6

-

-

129
73
37
34

142
81

-

223
150
15
72
84

19
17

36

7

8

2

1
1

183
181

11

10

75

-

265

S tra igh ten and cut o p e r a to r s ,
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------E s ta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------W ir e d ra w e rs (continuous
m a c h in e ), a ll esta b lish m en ts —
E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
job eva lu a tion s y s t e m ------------

_

-

22
-

_

6

1

1

3
16

18
26

_
_

_

6

-

1

_

_

5

M aintenance
A u to m o b ile r e p a irm e n , a ll
e s ta b li sn m erits — --------- ----- -------E sta b lish m en ts having com m on
job eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------R e c e iv in g top ra te -------------

’
1, 124
14
16

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f tab le.




246
145
256

± c,y

1

2

-




Table 2.

Occupational Earnings— Continued

d ave: rage s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s in a ll b a s ic ir o n and s te e l esta b lish m en ts
and those h avin g com m on jo b eva lu a tion s y s te m s , 2 U nited S tates, S ep te m b e r 1967)
um ­
ber
of
o rk ers

A verage
h ou rly
ea rn ings

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of$2.40
$2.40

under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 .0 0 $6 .2 0 $6.40 $6.60

333

$3. 76

5

231
203
16
183
28
16
102
, 341

3. 84
3.87

_

_

-

-

3. 86
3. 62
3. 57
3. 57
3.86

_

_

-

_

, 167
941
917
174
,401

3.
3.
3.
3.
4.

776
423
, 269
625
740

3.96
4. 02
4. 01
4. 32
3. 60

340
122
26
989
218
133
85
400

3.61
3. 65
3. 85
3.66
3.42
3.41
3.43
3. 58

372
310

87
90
91
85
05

$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 .0 0 $6 .2 0 $6.40 $6.60

6

12

166

11

35

38

32

20

4

2

2

1

108
97

6

25

25
24

20

4
4

2

2

5

31
30

89

5

30

24

_

-

-

7
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
-

5

-

_

-

5
4

7
7
5
36
21
_

"
_

_

"
_

_

_

_

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

1

30

"

1
-

_

_

-

-

_

-

15
13
9

-

_
_
_

_

30

_
-

5

-

5

11

57

4
115

-

_

_

_

_

52

63

_
_

_
-

_

_

-

_

1
_
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

51
51

1

20

16
5

20

11
6

1
-

1
1

1

1
_

12
_
_

58
359

5
181

4
253

13
247

7
208

53

345
293
273
14
706

91
34
34
90
74

253
206
206

234
186
186
13
467

208
207
207

11

414

42
302

614
386
377
92
859

74
34
30

225

177
177
177
237
24

204
165
131
98
"

658
634

230

191
187
187

126
126

24
24

8

_

187

118

24

-

201

528
24

_

440
427
380
27
239

227
146
17
129
81
57
24
3

-

-

225

202

142
_

-

_

-

-

-

5

11

5

4

113

-

-

3. 72

-

-

-

3

4

22

134

80

35

78

14

-

_

_

_

_

4

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
31
17

-

-

-

3

"

18

18

-

71
42
42
7

7
4

-

127
75
75
7

62
50

135
62

3.73
3. 74
3. 72
3. 69

418

3. 92

-

-

10

131

84

143

35

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

-

_

8
-

2
-

115
95
95

27
27
27

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

8

-

_

130
127
119
3

54

3.91
3. 94
3. 94
3.68
3. 55
3.82
3. 96

_
_

8

364
322
314
42
22

_
_

-

"

244

3. 73

461
399
30
258
62
783

3. 72
3. 75
3.99
3. 73
3. 57
3. 74

20

-

8
-

20

82
73
73
9

2

13
7

1
8

3

8

16

2

13

-

41

103

149

135

_

5

_

_
_

_
_

11
_

155
143

147
115

41
40

73
73

27
27

7

_

-

-

143

61

27

-

-

_
_

10
-

12

_

5

-

-

5

5

5

30

99

_

_

_

_

.
-

-

30

11
100

12
86

27
32
163

1

30

122

_

_

30

107

"

24

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

30
3

_

-

7

8

310

5

_

-

241

5

_

7

Ill

5

_

"

104

-

-

_

3

“

7

_

_
_

-

1

1

_

-

202

_
-

1
1

3
3

5

2

1

2
_
_

4

_

11
11

62
3
59
52

22

2

and
over

3

24
24
24
83

8
8
8

_

24

_

_

_

_

_

_

8
_
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

"

-

"

-

"

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

2

-

"

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

1
_

-

_

1

135 1

3

1

(0

Table 2.

Occupational Earnings— Continued

(N u m b er and a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s in a ll b a s ic ir o n and s te e l esta b lish m en ts
and those having com m on jo b evalu ation s y s te m s , 2 U nited S ta tes, S ep te m b e r 1967)

D ep a rtm en t, occu pation, and
esta b lish m en t c la s s ifie d
a c c o rd in g to jo b
eva lu a tio n s y s t e m 2

Job
c la s s

3

Num ­
ber
of
w ork -

A verage
h ou rly
U nder
e a rn ­
$2.40
in g s 1

1,864

$3.88

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f—
$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80- $6 .0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 .0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60 o v e r

A l l D ep artm en ts 5— Continued

M a in ten an ce— Continued
E le c tr ic ia n s (w ir e m e n ), a ll
esta b lish m en ts ---------------------E sta b lish m en ts havin g com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 -------------

1,

18
R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6---------14
16
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------E le c tr o n ic re p a irm e n , a ll
esta b lish m en ts --------------------------E sta b lish m en ts h avin g com m on
jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 -------------

681
1, 392
1, 336
289
90
198
183

3.89
3.93
3.92
3. 6 8
3.49
3. 77
3. 78

574

4. 15

405
313
277
92
46
44
169

4. 14
4. 22
4. 21
3. 8 6
3.78
3.93
4. 16

948

3.85

760
536
484
224
63
188
5,687

3. 90
3.96
3.96
3. 76
3. 60
3.64
3.91

4, 255
3,553
3, 175
702
271
269
1,432
L I,447

3. 98
4. 01
4. 00
3. 83
3.89
3.89
3.69
3.81

20

R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te

b --------

16
18
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------In stru m en t re p a irm e n , a ll
esta b lish m en ts --------------------------E s ta b lish m en ts having com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 -----------18
R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------16
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------M a c h in is ts , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----E s ta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 ------------18
R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------14
16
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------M illw r ig h ts , a ll esta b lish m en ts —
E s ta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
jo b evalu ation s y s t e m -----------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 -------------

8,

14
16
R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------12

14
O th er e sta b lish m en ts M illw r ig h t h e lp e r s , a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------E s ta b lish m en ts h aving com m on
job eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------6

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts -

See fo o tn o tes at end o f tab le.




780
6 , 769
407
6 , 108
2 , 011
817
1, 137
2, 667

3. 85
3.90
4. 26
3.88
3. 67
3. 57
3. 75
3. 6 8

3, 004

3. 05

2,549
2,427
455

3. 06
3. 06
2.97

1

_

_

1
-

_

-

-

_

_

_
-

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

_

1
_
-

_

-

-

-

_

-

49

15

-

601
593
65

49
49
49

15
15
15

11

11

45

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
_

_
-

18
18

29

124

71

94

110

106

17

18

28

88

6

68

6

68

106
106
82

17
17
17

22

20

71
62
50
9

3
17
43

16
4
6

9
39

34
3

50

42
40
40

76
76
76

2
_

31

_

8

78
3

4
138

50
50
35
424

64
34
31
30

3

-

254
223
223
31

235
157

-

82
2318

54
370

_

2
1

597

1158

333

177

30

30

6

9

1

-

"

-

-

-

1
-

65

118

30
24
24

30
29
29

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

-

6

9
9
9

1

-

-

_

_

_

26

6

1

10

_

96
306
2716

3
3

1

6

174
1170

273
208
208
65
33
32
60
289

160
134
134

118

591
493
379
98
72
26

6

-

356
283
283
73
34
39
14
2809

984
974
738

65
64

1631
1392
1364
239
29
50
687
1156

4

22

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

965
455
4
435
510
185
321
191

2711
2323
64
2041
388
154
234
98

1212

828
815
186
629
13
5

289
259
72
187
30

170
166

4

22

10

_

_

_

_

_

2
_

14
14

10
-

166
4

2
2

8

210

8

30

4

2

8

530

342

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

1
_

_

-

10

45

5

2

78

200

73
1074

143

349

_

_

-

_

143
143

349
69
280
725

2075
1752
5
1727
323
232
40
641

22

1 11

1742

_

_

2
_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

2
_
_

-

"

5

-

78

57

654

556

1038

549

144

50

4

9

345
319

467
467
82

144
144

50
50

4

9

-

8

211

986
895
52

-

110

-

2
-

_

-

-

3

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

46

544
544

-

-

12

-

-

"

10

_

-

-

76

-

-

23

-

43

-

_

-

-

235

"

_

-

118

-

_

23

336

-

_

-

85

40

_

-

38

_

_

11

2

_

-

2

11
12

11

_

-

10

65

-

-

_

21

44
76

77
54
54
23
9
14
47

_

40
-

285
240
229
213

-

_

_

335
323
312
280

-

_
_

-

263
261
186
186
75

70
3
67
28

_

-

742
666

-

_
_

_

98
70

56
56

_

_

76
56

_

_

973
62
911
239
29

3
-

3

2

10

4
6

16
17
170

_

6

10

_

_

.

_

_

-

_

_

-

.
-

_

-

.
-

_

_

-

-

_

-

Table 2. Occupational Earnings— Continued
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w orkers in selected occupations : 1 a ll b asic iron and steel establishm ents
and those having common job evaluation sy ste m s, 2 United States, S eptem ber 1967)

Departm ent, occupation, and
establishm ent c lassified
according to job
evaluation system 2

Job
class 3

Num­
ber
of
w ork­
ers

A ver­
age
hourly
Under
earn­
$2.40
ings 1

5, 691

$3. 84

-

2

-

-

133

332

1276

752

1465

732

696

168

93

26

15

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 ,9 0 1
3, 759
259
3 ,4 4 8

3 .8 7
3. 93
4. 25
3 .9 1
A5
3 ! 55
3 .7 3

_

2

_

_
_

113
_
_
_
113
96
17

172
_
_
172
48
124
160
326

1039
824
9
807
215

582
312

1420
1216
48
1124
204
81
123
45
53

724
577

168
161
48
113

93
92
_
92

26
26

15

1
1

551
147
31

546
540
116
424
g
3
3
150

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

7

1

9

l

2

4

258
160
18
142

112

53

9

1

2

_

Number of w orkers receiving stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings of$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $ 6 . 0 0 $ 6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60 over

A ll Departments 5— Continued
Maintenance— Continued
M otor in sp e cto rs, all
e sta b lish m e n ts-------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Receiving top rate 6 ---------------14
16
g
12

14

* 550
562

_
-

_
_

-

-

_

20

E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

1

6

4

-

_

2

_

45
15
5
38

68

63
9
42
27

_

-

_

3

-

83

8

216
139
128

3 .9 5

-

109
107

3. 98
3 .9 9
3 .9 7
3. 76
3. 65

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5

33

15

101

IQ
3, 576
2 746

11

13
14
u tn er estaD iisn m ents-----------------P ipefitter h e lp e r s, all
e s ta b lish m e n ts-------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
jod evaluation s y s t e m --------------6

Other estab lish m en ts-----------------R ig g ers, all estab lish m en ts-----------E stablishm ents having com m on
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------d eceivin g top rate ---------------16
Receiving low er rate 6 -----------12

14
u tn er estaD iisn m ents------------------Roll turners, all establishm ents —
E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Receiving top rate 6 ---------------17

-

-

-

4

-

11

15

-

7

-

2

8

11
11

7

2

5

-

7

2

69

229

1473

580

q
553

8
5

15
15
15

-

-

64
64
64

2
2

-

48

129

_
48
48
-

129

540
482
30
366
58
14
44

7

105

2

290
274

142
114

100

2

7

7

11

-

15

74
5
118

2

20

144
128
23

626

-

-

-

14

95

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

95
3
92
23

_

q
y

3 .8 6

1

3

_
15
7

14

396
374
282

56

12

3 .9 5
4. 00
3 .9 7
3 .6 3

-

1

-

3
-

-

-

56

10
2

-

7

685
599
36
1 ,9 1 4
1 ,4 5 0
1, 157
913
293
93
190
464
1, 017
739
624
540
278

-

-

-

5

33

15

-

-

310

2 .9 5
2. 94
2 . 88
3. 74

-

-

3. 75

-

3. 79
3. 60
3 .5 8
3 .6 1

-

12

22

99

2

22
10

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

7

484

118

3

14

534
496
44
276
38

221

118
116

3
3

14
14

116

3

14

2

1

56

58

29

8

_

4

_

-

_

3

56
56

58
48
34
-

8
8
8
21

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

"

4
4
4
-

157
157
64

2
2

36

63

19

263

171

546

275

140

163
7Q
17
71
84

530
473
329
57

228
207
207

24
24
24

40

_

-

1

13
g

_

_

7

_

144

2. 94

_
-

_

11

153

721

_
-

g

1

5

10
10
5

66

8
100

_
-

116

1

26

2

21

484
126
305
43
830

1, 922

100
68

1139
994
990
145
37
63
35
334

_
_
_
-

74

100

26

36
32
-

7.

3. 6 6
3 ! 69
3. 85
3. 67
3. 54
3. 37
3. 62
3 .4 9
3. 62

Z, 2 6 2

Receiving lower rate 6 ------------




-

13

13
15

See footnotes at end of table,

3 .4 1

68

P ip efitte rs, all estab lish m en ts-----E stablishm ents having common
jod 6 Vciiuakion system —— — —
Receiving top rate —— — -----

Other estab lish m en ts-------------------

731

11

19

16
237
139

592
306

3 .4 4
3 .4 0
3 .4 9
3. 38
3. 30

Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------P atte rm ak ers, all
e sta b lish m e n ts -------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

196

2

310
270
89
156
170

_
_

21

68

4
230
367

16
g
114

57
16
138

264
208
208
103

41
40
30
73

138
103
75
"

21

47
133

116
28

131
130
130

14
14
14
14

2

26

-

-

_
-

"

Table 2. Occupational Earnings— Continued

18

(Number and average straight-tim e hourly ea rn in g s 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in a ll b asic iron and steel establishm ents
and those having common job evaluation s y ste m s, 2 United States, Septem ber 1967)
Number of w orkers receiving stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings of—
establishm ent c lassified
according to job
evaluation system 2

Job
c la ss 3

of
w ork e is

age
hourly
Under
earn­
$2.40
ings 1

$2.40 $2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $ 6 . 0 0 $ 6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60
and
and
under
$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $ 6 . 0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60 over

A ll Departments 5— Continued
Maint enan c e— Continue d
Sheet-m etal w ork ers, all
Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------17

20

Other estab lish m en ts-----------------W e ld e rs, all e sta b lish m e n ts ---------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Receiving tnp Tf^te ^
14
16
Receiving lower rate 6 -----------12

14
Other estab lish m en ts------------------

115

20

61

34

16

10

-

5

16

24

8

41

5
4
138

6
6

4
4

15

26
26
19

16
16

-

90
84
72
25
5

37
3

31

8

-

24

15
54

41
377

5
_
1577

71
56
28
67
609

-

2

-

-

29

172

_
_

-

_
-

“

6

_
29
29
_
25

537
336
336

_

_

1203
1084
1076
119
52
55
374

$ 3 .7 8

181
144

3 .7 6
3. 78
3 .7 3
3. 83
3 .4 9

-

-

-

-

25

25

-

87
67
35
208
4 ,8 0 5

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

25
_

25

3, 727
2 ,8 3 7
181
2 ,5 3 6
890
264
612
1, 078

3 .8 0
3 .8 1
3 .9 3
3. 79
3. 76
3 .5 8
3 .8 4
3. 6 8

22

112

80
295

Other estab lish m en ts-----------------T oolm ak ers, all esta b lish m e n ts----Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Receiving top rate 6 ----------------

5

261

81
87
88

36
77

2

-

_
24

6
6

166
36
130
205

1
1
1
2

712

8

5
5
3
26
1060

135

11

66

106
24

837
592
67
525
245
_
245
223

201

72

688

571
108
351
117

10

3

6
8

3
3
2

1
1
1

_
303

7
27

36

1

1

_

8

7

1

_

_

_

_

178
177

27
27

36
36

1
1

1

-

8

7

1
1

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

177

-

1

-

1
1

6

1

_
_

_

_

36
_
_
_

_

1

27
-

-

-

1

1
1

_

6
1
1

8

_

8

_
_
_

125

G eneral labor
Janitors, all e s ta b lish m e n ts ---------E stablishm ents having common
1
2

Other estab lish m en ts-----------------L a b o re rs, a ll estab lish m en ts--------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------1
2

4
5
Other estab lish m en ts------------------

3 ,5 5 5

2 .4 8

2 ,4 9 8
914
1, 582
1, 057
15, 281

2 .4 8
2 .4 9
2 .4 8
2 .4 9
2. 56

1 0 , 626

333
7, 946
730
161
4 ,6 5 5

2 .5 9
2. 74
2. 52
2 .7 9
2 . 80
2 .5 0

1, 237

3. 37

3272

61

147

45

7

1

31
4
25
30
1305

89
54
35
58
1347

45
5
40

7

1

7

1

280

2325
850
1475
947
11448

643

152

39

39

2

1

17

4

-

4

_
_
280

7591
108
6579
265
_
3857

1029
97
492
166

1149

632

130
30
49

39

39

. 2

1

6

4

-

4

-

11

7

10

3

2

22

100

8

547
148

281

20
2

14
14

121

11

7

276

198

11

22
22

-

-

25

283

282

78

269

127

35

202

45

226
10

97

88

1

73
14
30

23
63

86

3

Transportation and yard
Locom otive cranem en, all
^«tflbliQbm.pntie
Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m _________
11
12

13

13

See footnotes at end of table.




26

492

uiiiGr estciDiisnmenis
Locom otive engineers (general),
all estab lish m en ts--------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------Other estab lish m en ts------------------

745
50
532

3.
3.
3.
4.
3.

51
63
52
04
16

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_
25

_
248

14
181
_
80

33

150
43

-

1

25
2

103

45
35

5

8

5
.

_

1

_

2

8
2

_
_

2

2

-

-

2
2

1

1

2

31
_

15

10

_

1, 741

3. 79

-

-

-

11

95

157

241

371

377

347

70

24

38

1, 327
450
414

3 .8 2
3. 73
3. 71

-

-

-

_

46
41

“

-

11

236
127
5

264
126
107

323
83
54

265
24
82

70
40
"

9
9
15

38

"

76
_
19

111

1

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

4

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

"

4

2

2

2

"

1

2

-

Table 2. Occupational Earnings— Continued
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly ea rn in g s 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in all b asic iron and steel establishm ents
and those having common job evaluation sy ste m s, 2 United States, Septem ber 1967)

Departm ent, occupation, and
establishm ent c lassified
according to job
evaluation system 2

Job
class

Num -

A ver-

of
w orkciS

hourly
earn ings

Number of w orkers r<sceiving stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings o f$2.40
$2.40

$2.60 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $6 . 0 0 $ 6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60

under
$2 . 6 0 $2.80 $3.00 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 $5.20 $5.40 $5.60 $5.80 $ 6 . 0 0 $6 . 2 0 $6.40 $6.60

and
over

A ll Departments 5 — Continued

Pow er and fuel
F ir st power en gin eers, all
e sta b lish m e n ts-------------------------------E stablishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------18
Other esta b lish m en ts------------------

328

$3. 74

261
39
67

3. 80
3 .9 8
3 .5 3

12

_
-

_
-

-

_

19

6

59

129

30

55

4

4

3

6

47

26

_

-

_

12

46
5
9

_

_

123
24
6

4

4

_

_

12

16

-

_

4

10
10
10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

M etallurgical and chem ical
Test p r e p a r e r s, all
establishm ents -------------------------------Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m -------------3
5
6

Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------M etallurgical an alysts, all
establishm ents -------------------------------Establishm ents having common
job evaluation s y s t e m --------------

10
13

Other establishm ents

534

2 . 99

466
28
72
69
68

2 .9 5
2 . 61
2 . 82
3. 02
3. 25

367

3. 31

258
34
34
109

3. 27
3. 22
3 .4 4
3 .4 0

_

97

122

109

68

72

13

19

14

1

3

13

1

95

101

97

66
4

68

12

10

_

_

1

13

1

_

2

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

20

1

5

-

4
54
37

12

_

_

-

2

21

12

2

28
4

_

-

-

8

60

88

76

_

_

4

56

31

_

.

-

_

85
18
-

22

-

4

4

3

45

22

31

_

_
_

_

4
9

-

_

_

14

1

2

51

76

7

-

1

29
16

45

7

_

1

-

-

-

-

10

2

1

2

1 Excludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
2 Data are presented separately for establishm ents having a common job evaluation sy stem , the sam e m inim um hourly rate of $ 2 ,4 4 5 and the sam e wage increm ent ( 7 .5 cents) between
job c la s s e s .
3 Job class data are provided only for establishm ents having a common job evaluation sy ste m , the sam e m inim um hourly rate, and the sam e wage increm ent between job c la s s e s .
Publication is lim ited to job c la sse s reported by 3 such establishm ents or m ore and meeting other publication c rite ria .
E stim ate s for all establishm ents and for the overall occupational
classifica tion in establishm ents having a common job evaluation system includes data for all job c la s s e s .
4 Occupations are lim ited to w orkers in the departments indicated.
5 Occupations relate to w orkers in all departments of the establishm ent.
6 Data w ere reported separately for w orkers receiving the top rate for the job and for those receiving low er rates.
Those establishm ents having a common job evaluation system have
a range of rates for repair and maintenance craftsm en which includes a beginning rate (4 job c la sse s below the top or standard rate), an interm ediate rate (2 job c la sse s below), and the
top or standard rate.
W orkers receiving the beginning or interm ediate rate (although qualified journeym en) w ere classified as receiving a rate low er than the top rate.




10
Cl)

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly e a rn in g s 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in all basic iron and steel establishm ents
and in those having common job evaluation system s 2 by method of wage payment, United S tates, Septem ber 1967)
Incentive w ork ers
Department, occupation, and
establishm ent c la ssified according
to job evaluation sy ste m 2

Job
cla ss 3

Number
of
w orkers

T im ew orkers

Hourly earnings 1
M ean

M edian

Middle
range

Number
of
w orkers

Hourly
ea rn ings 1
(mean)

Selected Departments 4
Coke works and byproducts
________ _____________
Benzol Stillm an, all establishm ents __ ___
E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m _______

110
102
12

15
16

D oor-m achin e op erators, all estab lish m en ts__________ _____ _ .
Establishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m _______
11

Other esta b lish m en ts___ _
____
__ _______ ___ __ __
H ea ters, all esta b lish m en ts__________________________________________
E stablishm ents having com m on job evaluation s y s t e m ___ __
17
18
Other esta b lish m en ts_______________________________________________
___ _ ___
Lidm en, all e sta b lish m e n ts__ ___ __ _______ _ __
Establishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m _______
5
6

_ __ _ __ _ _____ ____
Other esta b lish m en ts—
__ ____
P usher o p erators, all esta b lish m en ts_____________ ________ _ __
E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m _______
11
12

Other esta b lish m en ts— _______
________ ___
__ _ ___
W harfm en, all esta b lish m en ts_____ __ ________ _ —
_ _ _ __
E stablishm ents having com m on job evaluation s y s t e m _______
„

_

____

_______

201

33
529
454
239
48
75
424
368
118
250
56
211

3
Other establishm ents

19
14
17
495
439
408
56
319
286
42

_ ______ __

178
170
33

$
4. 01
4. 03
3. 93
4. 30
4. 19
3. 70
3. 72
3, 71
3. 58
4 . 30
4 . 31
4 . 34
4. 32
4 . 17
3. 30
3. 32
3. 22
3. 58
3. 20
3 .7 9
3. 81
3 .7 9
3. 81
3 .6 6
2 .9 6
2 .9 5
2 .9 3
3. 01

$
4. 01
4. 02
3. 96
4 . 26
3 .6 9
3 .6 9
3 .6 9
3 .7 1
4 . 32
4 . 32
4 . 37
4 . 30
3 .9 6
3. 25
3. 26
3 .2 5
3 .5 2
3. 15
3. 80
3. 81
3. 81
3 .7 8
3. 62
2. 94
2 .9 1
2. 98

$
$
3. 7 9 -4 . 28
3 .7 9 -4 .2 8
3. 9 0 -4 . 02
4. 2 4 -4 . 28
3 . 6 1 - 3 . 81
3 . 6 2 - 3 . 81
3 .6 2 -3 .8 1
3. 3 8 -3 . 76
4 .1 3 -4 .4 1
4 . 1 8 -4 .4 1
4 . 3 7 -4 . 37
4 . 2 0 -4 .4 5
3 .9 6 -4 .3 0
3. 1 8 -3 .4 0
3 .2 5 -3 .4 1
3. 25—3. 25
3. 3 3 -3 .9 9
3. 1 5 -3 . 18
3. 6 7 -3 . 84
3 .6 9 -3 .8 4
3. 8 0 -3 . 81
3. 6 7 -4 . 00
3. 5 3 -3 . 84
2 . 88- 2 . 98
2 . 88- 2 .9 8
2. 8 8 -2 . 97
2. 9 8 -3 . 02

3. 38
3. 36
3. 33
3. 54
4. 00
3 .7 0
3. 78
4 . 00
4. 01
4 . 01
_
3 .4 1
3 .4 3
3. 38
3. 36
3. 56
3 .6 7
3 .6 5
3. 71
3. 65
3 .6 2
3. 8 6

3 .4 0
3. 38
3. 38
3 .4 9
3. 72
3 .7 0
3 .7 0
4 . 04
4 . 05
4. 05
3 .4 1
3 .4 1
3. 38
3 .4 6
3 .5 9
3. 74
3 .6 9
3 .9 1
3 .7 4
3 .6 9
3. 87

3. 3 1 -3 .4 8
3. 3 1 -3 .4 8
3. 3 1 -3 .4 0
3 . 4 9 - 3 . 70
3 . 6 0 - 4 . 02
3. 5 9 -3 . 97
3. 5 9 -4 . 02
3. 8 7 -4 . 13
3 . 9 2 - 4 . 13
3. 9 2 -4 .1 3
_
3 . 2 3 - 3 . 59
3 .2 8 -3 .6 3
3. 3 0 -3 . 39
3. 0 6 -3 . 57
3. 3 2 -3 .6 7
3 . 4 8 - 3 . 85
3. 4 7 -3 . 82
3. 5 1 -3 . 91
3. 5 0 -3 . 78
3. 3 7 -3 .7 6
3. 8 4 -4 . 09

2.92

20
8

_
_
49
33
_
16

61
40
_
40
21

80
55
25
66

46
33
_
20

30
22

-

$
3. 39
3 .2 9
_
_
_
3. 08
3. 07
_
3. 10
3 .6 3
3. 65
_
3. 65
3 .6 1
2. 77
2 . 80
_
_
2. 72
3. 15
3. 14
3. 12
_
3. 18
2. 65
2 .6 3
-

B la st furn aces, ore handling, and sinter plant
Cinder sn app ers, all establishm ents
— __ ___ _______________
Establishm ents having com m on job evaluation s y s t e m _______
6

Other esta b lish m en ts_________ _____ „ „
____ _________
F ir st blowing en gin eers, all establishm ents _
__ __ _
_____
E stablishm ents having com m on job evaluation system ______
13
K eep ers, all e s ta b lish m e n ts__________________________________—______
E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m _______
14
Other esta b lish m en ts— ___ ___ _____________ _
_______ ____
K eeper h e lp ers, all establishm ents — —
__________________ —
E stablishm ents having com m on job evaluation s y s t e m _______

-

6
8

9
Other esta b lish m en ts_______________________________________________
L arrym en , all esta b lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m _______
9
10
11

Other esta b lish m en ts___

____________

See footnotes at end of table,




—

-------------------- ------

514
467
324
47
164
132
69
507
465
465
997
878
90
72
451
513
457
41
330
74
56

59
30
-

29
66

53
25
67
-

21

52
23
_
29
51
_
33

2.-82
2 .7 4
2 .9 1
3. 34
3. 33
3. 27
3 .4 4
-

_
3. 28
2. 85
2.86

_
_
2. 84
3. 01
_
3. 04

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in a ll basic iron and steel establishm ents
and in those having common job evaluation sy stem s 2 by method of wage payment, United States, Septem ber 1967)
Incentive w orkers
Department, occupation, and
establishm ent c la ssifie d according
to job evaluation sy s t e m 2

Job
c la ss 3

Number
of
w orkers

Tim ew orkers

H ourly earnings 1
Mean

Median

Middle
ranee

Number
of
w orkers

Hourly
earn ings 1
(mean)

Selected D epartm ents4— Continued
B last fu rn aces, ore handling, and sinter plant— Continued
O re -b rid g e cranem en, all establishm ents---------------------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m ----------12

Other estab lish m en ts----------------------------------------------------------------------Sintering-m achine op erators, all estab lish m en ts-------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m -----------

29
80
83
71
61
14
14
10
14

$
3. 84
3. 77
3. 84
4. 45
3. 76
3. 78
3. 76
3. 16
3. 16
3. 10
3. 33

$
$
3. 5 8 -4 . 12
3. 5 8 -3 . 95
3. 5 3 -3 . 96
4. 2 2 -4 .4 5
3. 64-3'. 94
3. 6 7 -3 . 97
3. 6 7 -3 . 78
3. 0 0 -3 . 22
3. 0 1 -3 . 21
3. 0 0 -3 . 20
2. 9 3 -3 . 33

335
253
57
28
82
582
478
413
104

4 . 60
4 . 58
4 . 54
4 . 71
5. 61
5. 54
5. 58
5. 39
5. 83
5 .9 7
4. 53
4. 52
4. 47
4 . 63
3. 24
3. 24
3. 05
3. 16
3. 26
4. 65
4. 60
4 .4 4
4 . 60
4. 87
4. 30
4 . 19
4. 34
4. 75
4. 6 6
3. 74
3 .6 9
3. 65
3. 99

4. 60
4. 63
4. 60
4. 43
5. 62
5. 60
5 .5 9
5. 29
5. 75
5. 78
4 .4 2
4 .4 2
4 .4 0
4 .4 1
3. 26
3. 22
2 . 86
3. 15
3 .4 2
4. 58
4. 58
4. 02
4. 63
4. 54
4. 40
4. 38
4. 40
4 .6 6
4. 83
3. 69
3. 63
3. 60
4. 15

4. 2 5 -4 .8 8
4. 2 3 -4 .7 9
4 .2 3 -4 .7 2
4 .2 9 -5 .2 9
5 .0 8 -5 .9 6
5. 0 8 -5 . 91
5 .0 8 -5 .8 1
5. 1 0 -5 .7 5
5. 7 2 -6 . 29
5 .1 2 -6 .0 3
4. 2 5 ^ . 85
4 . 2 7 ~ 4 .69
4. 2 3 - 4 .6 9
4. 2 4 -5 .0 8
2. 9 3 -3 .4 2
2. 9 3 -3 .4 5
2. 8 2 -3 . 26
3. 0 4 -3 . 35
2. 7 9 - 3 .4 2
4 .1 8 -4 .8 3
4. 1 8 -4 .8 3
3. 8 6 -4 . 71
4. 1 8 -4 . 83
4 .3 0 -4 .9 7
3. 9 8 -4 . 73
3. 7 3 - 4 .6 4
4. 0 8 -4 .5 7
4 . 4 0 - 5 . 37
3 .9 8 -5 .3 2
3. 3 8 -4 . 10
3. 3 8 -3 . 93
3. 3 4 -3 . 80
3. 60—4 . 26

306
244
114
67
62

5 .4 2
5 .4 7
5. 6 8
5. 63
5. 22

5. 44
5 .4 6
5. 78
5 .4 6
5. 35

4. 9 5 -5 . 80
5 .0 0 -5 .8 3
5. 2 4 -5 . 99
4 . 9 5 - 6 . 11
4. 9 1 -5 .4 6

320
264
199
56
113
100

10

Other esta b lish m en ts----------------------------------------------------------------------Stock unloaders, all establish m en ts-------------------------------------------------E stablishm ents having com m on job evaluation s y s t e m ----------4
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------------------------------

45
13
406
369
304
37

$
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

86

76
88

30
36
-

$
3 .4 1
-

3. 02
-

15
67
32
28
35

3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

_

_
_
_
_
-

03
67
60
60
73

Open hearth furnaces
Charging-m achine op erators, all establishm ents -------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m ----------16
Other esta b lish m en ts----------------------------------------------------------------------F ir st h elp ers, all establish m en ts-----------------------------------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m ----------24
25
27
Other estab lish m en ts----------------------------------------------------------------------Ladle cranem en, all estab lish m en ts------------------------------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m -----------

566
457
423
109
1 ,2 1 5
1, 015
586
51
242
200

16
Other estab lish m en ts----------------------------------------------------------------------S tock ers, raw m a teria ls, a ll establishm ents---------------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m ----------2
3
Other estab lish m en ts----------------------------------------------------------------------Second h e lp e r s, a ll establishm ents---------------------------------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m ----------14
15

785
694
421
91
621
517
110

231
104
1 ,2 1 6
1 ,0 1 6
145
830
200

Other esta b lish m en ts----------------------------------------------------------------------Second steel p o u re rs, all e sta b lish m e n ts---------------------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m ----------10

15
Other estab lish m en ts----------------------------------------------------------------------Stockyard cranem en, all establish m en ts-----------------------------------------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation s y s t e m ----------7
Other estab lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

_
-

_

"

"

-

E le ctric furnaces
F ir s t h elp ers, all establish m en ts---------------------------------------------- -------E stablishm ents having common job evaluation system ------------23
24
Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




87
-

3. 76

-

_
_
3. 73

_
70

-

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued

10

0)
(Number and average straight-tim e hourly earnings 1 of w orkers in selected occupations in a ll basic iron and steel establishm ents
and in those having common job evaluation system s 2 by method of wage payment, United States, September 1967)
Incentive w orkers
Department, occupation, and
establishm ent cla ssified according
to job evaluation s y s te m 2

Job
class 3

Number
of
w orkers

Tim ew orker s

Hourly earn ing s 1
Mean

Median

Number
of
w ork ers

Middle
range

Hourly
earn ings 1
(mean)

Selected D epartm ents4— Continued
E lectric furn aces— Continued
Mouldmen, all esta b lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------Establishm ents having common job evaluation system
6

Other esta b lish m en ts---------------------------------------------------------Stopper m ak ers, all estab lish m en ts-------------------------------------Establishm ents having com m on job evaluation system
5

351
193
98
158
49
38
21

$
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.
3.
3.

97
73
56
26
66

69
56

$
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

85
74
56
85
85
85
43

$
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

$
7 4 -4 .
5 6 -3 .
5 0 -3 .
8 5 -4 .
3 0 -3 .
3 1 -3 .
3 0 -3 .

01
76
74
77
89
85
95

7 5 -5 .
7 5 -5 .
2 1 -4 .
8 5 -5 .
9 1 -5 .
9 1 -5 .
4 2 -5 .
4 9 -5 .
5 1 -5 .
6 0 -5 .
0 4 -5 .
5 1 -4 .
5 1 -4 .
79—4.
6 1 -5 .
6 7 -5 .
6 7 -5 .
9 0 -3 .
8 2 -3 .
8 2 -3 .

74
74
96
98
29
29
10
10
10
57
59
63
63
63
26
26
04
12
12
12

$
-

-

-

-

-

19

3. 03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

•

B asic oxygen furnaces
78
62

Furnace op erators, all e sta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------Establishm ents having common job evaluation system
17
Other e sta b lish m en ts---------------------------------------------------------Furnacem en, fir st, a ll e sta b lish m e n ts------------------------------Establishm ents having common job evaluation system
Ladle cranem en, all e sta b lish m en ts------------------------------------Establishm ents having com m on job evaluation system

9
Steel p ou rers, fir st, all esta b lish m en ts----------------------------------Establishm ents having com m on job evaluation system —
16
Stopper m ak ers, all e sta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------Establishm ents having common job evaluation system —
5

95
79
06
07
03

85
93
93
93

4.
4.
4.
4.
3.
3.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
3.
3.
3.
4.
4.
4.
2.
2.
2.

4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.

84
52
63
35
30
13
40

5.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.

20
23
35
23
17
17
33

4.
3.
4.
3.
3.
3.
3.

18 -5 .
9 8 -5 .
0 4 -5 .
9 3 -5 .
9 3 -4 .
4 9 -4 .
9 3 -5 .

37
17
20
07
75
20
06

3.
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.
3.
3.

86

3.
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.
3.
3.

79
79

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
2.

5 2 -4 .
4 4 -3 .
6 5 -3 .
4 4 -4 .
6 0 -4 .
0 6 -3 .
0 9 -3 .
9 7 -3 .

00
96
90
03
00
27
27
23

21
20

94
56
43
233
209
51
13,4

278
225
53
104
53
711
603
134

22
16

72
58

15
16

03
02
71
49
74
74
85
85
82
89
59
22
22
63

21
18
61
34
74
76
83
84
74
95
72
99
99
32

210

Other e sta b lish m en ts--------------------------------------------------------------Ladle lin e r s, a ll esta b lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------Establishm ents having com m on job evaluation system —

5.
5.
4.
5.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
2.
2.
2.

5.
5.
4.
5.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
3.
3.
4.
4.
4.
4.
3.
3.
3.

184
36
134
26
108
108
71
118
96
71
24

86

88
88

-

-

Foundry
C orem akers, a ll esta b lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------E stablishm ents having com m on job evaluation system —
14
M ou ld ers, a ll esta b lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------------Establishm ents having common job evaluation system —
14
16

62
26
21

115
50
-

40

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

07
32
35
27
44

-

3. 50

B loom , slab, and billet m ills

Bottom m ak ers, all esta b lish m en ts---------------------------- — ----Establishm ents having common job evaluation system
8
10

Other esta b lish m en ts-----------------------------------------------------------H ookers, a ll e sta b lish m e n ts---------------------------------------------------Establishm ents having common job evaluation system •
4

See footnotes at end of table.




77
74
82
23
21
24
11

68

71
00
16
16
16

-

48
-

_

-

2. 67
-

"

Tabic 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and in th o se h aving com m on jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m s 2 by m e th o d o f w age p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s , S e p te m b e r 1967)
D e p a rtm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , and
e s ta b lis h m e n t c la s s ifie d a c c o rd in g
to jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m 2

Jo b
c la s s 3

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

In c e n tiv e w o rk e rs
H o u rly e a rn in g s 1
M ean

M ed ian

M id d le
ra n g e

T im e w o rk e rs
N um ber
H o u rly
e a rn in g s 1
w o rk e rs
(m ean)

S e le c te d D e p a rtm e n ts 4— C ontinued
B lo o m , sla b , an d b ille t m ills — C ontinued
M a n ip u la to rs, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts _____ _ ---------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m _______
O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts _____________________________________________
P it r e c o r d e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ____________ _________ ____
E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m _______

O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ____________________________________ ______
S c a r f e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ________________________________________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m -----------

13
14
15
9
10
11
12
7

O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ______________________________ ____ ______
S o ak ing -p it c ra n e m e n , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts _________________________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m _______

O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ___________________________ ________________
P la te s

13
15
18
19
21

B u rn in g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g c o m m o n job e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ----------7

P la te la y e ro u ts , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ________________________________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m -----------

8
9
11

$

$

$

$

4. 59
4 .4 6
4. 39
4 .5 5
4 .4 5
5. 02
3. 84
3. 86
3 .8 3
3. 81
4. 06
4. 08
3 .6 9
3 .6 9
3 .6 9
3 .4 9
5. 04
4. 21
3 .7 0
4 .4 1
4 .4 1
4 .4 8
4 .4 4
4 .4 2
5. 04
4. 92
4 .5 1
5. 35
4. 84
5 .7 4

4 .4 8
4 .4 6
4. 32
4. 43
4 .4 8
4. 74
3. 80
3. 80
3 .7 8
3 .7 9
3. 99
4. 02
3. 50
3. 35
3. 31
3. 22
4. 64
4. 07
3 .6 0
4 . 38
4. 37
4. 35
4. 38
4 .4 3
4. 88
4. 77
4 .4 5
5. 14
4 . 89
5. 03

4. 2 1 -4 .7 9
4 . 0 7 -4 .7 9
4 . 0 3 -4 .4 9
4. 2 1 -4 . 99
4 .3 3 - 4 .5 4
4 .4 0 -5 . 05
3. 5 0 -4 . 13
3. 5 6 -4 . 20
3 .4 5 -4 . 31
3 .6 7 -4 . 10
3. 8 0 -4 .3 3
3. 7 4 -4 . 04
3. 3 1 -4 . 05
3. 1 1 -4 . 09
3 .0 6 -4 .1 6
3. 0 4 -3 . 74
3. 3 5 -6 .7 9
4 . 0 5 -4 .4 4
3. 5 3 -3 . 91
4 . 0 5 -4 . 73
4. 0 3 -4 .7 6
3. 8 5 -5 . 09
4 .1 4 -4 .7 6
4 .1 7 - 4 .5 7
4. 3 0 -5 .6 0
4. 2 4 -5 .4 0
4 . 2 0 -4 . 84
4. 7 1 -5 . 89
4 .8 3 - 4 .8 9
4 .7 8 —5 .9 7

28
_
_
_
_
_
94
_
_
_
_
39
_
_
_
24
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
3. 12
_
_
_
_
_
2. 88
_
_
_
_
3. 79
_
_

119
119
27
70
20
98
91
25

3 .9 5
3. 95
3 .4 9
3. 82
4. 91
4. 03
4. 07
3 .9 1

3. 58
3. 58
3. 33
3 .5 8
4. 15
3. 94
3. 95
3. 94

3 .3 1 -4 .3 1
3. 3 1 -4 .3 1
3. 1 4 -4 . 09
3. 3 1 -4 .4 0
3. 7 7 -4 . 57
3. 6 4 -4 . 50
3. 6 8 -4 . 55
3. 8 4 -3 . 97

26
19
“

2. 88
2. 86
-

280
211
48
91
69
348
283
41
150
65

4. 68
4. 59
4. 24
4 .6 6
4 .9 7
3. 92
3. 81
3. 58
3. 93
4. 39

4. 53
4. 41
4. 17
4. 52
4 .6 1
3 .7 2
3. 58
3. 55
3. 72
4 .4 8

4. 24r-5. 07
4. 1 7-5. 01
3. 9 6 -4 . 58
4. 2 9 -5 . 05
4. 5 0 -5 . 73
3. 5 1 -4 .4 8
3 .5 1 -4 . 03
3 .4 3 -3 .7 2
3 .5 1 -4 .0 3
4 .4 8 - 4 . 54

-

_
-

64
44

3. 15
3. 12

_

_
oo

O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts _________________________ _________________
S o a k in g -p it h e a te r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ____ __ ________________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n job e v a lu a tio n s y s te m _______

8
12

$

260
201
67
53
38
59
348
307
55
85
59
26
41
1, 174
1 ,0 7 0
906
129
18
104
823
715
58
627
108
'4 4 8
383
153
126
17
65

-

_
_
-

B a r m ills
A s s is ta n t b a r - m il l r o ll e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------B a r c a tc h e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------- --------- E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le




18
19
11
12

_

_

"

-

Tabic 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(N u m b er an d a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
an d in th o se h aving co m m on jo b ev alu atio n s y s te m s 2 by m eth o d of w age p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s , S e p te m b e r 1967)
D e p a rtm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , and
e s ta b lis h m e n t c la s s ifie d a c c o rd in g
to jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m 2

Job
c la s s 3

In c e n tiv e w o rk e rs

T im e w o rk e rs

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M ed ian

M iddle
ra n g e

306
248
40
143
58
381
300
138
96
41
81
428
289
64
61
111
139

$
3 .4 3
3. 34
3. 18
3. 38
3 .8 0
4 . 37
4. 16
3. 89
4. 27
4. 27
5. 15
3. 87
3. 82
3 .4 9
3 .8 8
4. 01
3 .9 8

$
3. 21
3. 20
3. 10
3. 31
3. 82
4 . 08
3 .9 1
3. 85
3 .9 1
4 . 25
4. 59
3 .8 6
3. 74
3 .4 6
3 .8 4
3 .8 9
4 . 00

$
$
3. 10 -3 . 70
3. 1 0 -3 .5 4
2. 9 3 -3 . 38
3 .0 0 -3 .5 8
3. 2 0 -4 . 29
3. 7 4 -4 .6 0
3. 6 5 -4 .4 3
3 .5 5 -4 .1 3
3 .7 6 -4 .6 1
3. 7 6 -4 .4 7
4 . 1 1 -6 .6 5
3 .5 4 —4. 12
3 .4 6 -4 . 09
3. 3 1 -3 .6 6
3. 5 5 -4 . 17
3. 6 3 -4 .4 3
3. 7 0 -4 . 12

77
57
_
_
_
67
27
_
_
“

100
224
189
51
74
184
139
62
29
45
178
146
21
62
32
150
123
34
24
27
27
126
86
30
40
118
86
21
37
32

3. 14
3. 56
3. 61
3. 58
3. 70
4. 28
4. 27
4 . 08
5. 00
4 . 32
4. 08
4 . 12
4 . 13
4 . 17
_
5. 53
5 .4 8
5. 61
6. 06
5. 65
5. 77
5 .4 7
4 .9 8
5. 06
6. 52
4 . 98
4. 79
4 . 08
5. 01
5 .4 7

2. 90
3 .4 1
3. 51
3. 51
3. 50
4. 21
4. 24
4. 09
5. 27
4. 10
4 . 04
4. 06
4 . 04
3. 77
_
5. 02
5. 02
5 .4 8
5. 87
5. 50
4 . 78
4 .9 9
4. 76
4 .9 9
5 .6 5
4 .5 7
4. 57
3. 90
5. 06
4 . 70

2. 8 4 -3 .4 8
3. 2 1 -3 . 74
3. 2 1 -3 . 75
3. 2 6 -3 .8 3
3. 0 9 -4 .6 8
3. 8 9 -4 . 68
3 .8 9 -4 .6 1
3 .8 9 -4 .2 3
4. 5 6 -5 .4 7
3 .8 9 -4 .6 8
3. 6 9 -4 .4 1
3 .6 9 -4 .5 7
4 .0 2 -4 .8 1
3 .6 7 -4 .7 5
4 .7 7 - 6 .0 8
4. 7 9 -6 . 10
5. 0 2 -6 . 08
4 .4 0 -6 . 53
4 .8 9 -6 . 10
4 . 7 6 -5 .8 1
4 .4 9 - 6 . 03
4. 5 2 -5 .4 0
4 .6 7 - 5 .3 9
4 .4 0 -9 . 94
4 . 1 8 -5 .4 8
4 .1 8 - 5 .3 9
3. 8 9 -4 . 18
4 .4 2 - 5 .7 8
4. 2 1 -5 .9 6

126
126
51
_
_
36
_
_
_
_
_
"

H o u rly e a rn in g s 1

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u rly
e a rn in g s 1
(m ean )

S e le c te d D e p a rtm e n ts 4— C o n tin ued
B a r p a ills— C o n tin ued
C h a rg e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------R o u g h e rs, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------S h e a rm e n , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------------------------------

5
6
13
14
15
10
11
12

54
-

-

-

$
2. 98
_
_
3. 31
3. 27
_
_
_
.
2. 90
2 .8 1
_
_
-

C o ntinuous h o t- s tr ip m ills
A s s o r te r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------.-------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ----------C oil b a n d e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ----------C o ile rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------C o il f e e d e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------H e a te rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------R o u g h e rs, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------- ---------------------------------------------------------S trip fin is h e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ----------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




6
4
5
11
12
5
6
21
22
23
15
14
15

2. 82
2. 82
2 .7 5
_
_
-

_
_
3. 65
_
_
-

_

_
_
_
_
-

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in a ll b a s ic iro n an d s te e l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and in th o se h aving com m on jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m s 2 by m e th o d of w age p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s , S e p te m b e r 1967)
D e p a rtm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , and
e s ta b lis h m e n t c la s s ifie d a c c o rd in g
to jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m 2

Jo b
c la s s 3

In c e n tiv e w o rk e rs
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

H o u rly e a rn in g s 1
M ed ian

T im e w o rk e rs
M iddle
ra n g e

N um ber
w o rk e rs

H o u rly
e a rn in g s 1
(m ean )

S e le c te d D e p a rtm e n ts 4— C ontinued
C o n tin uo u s h o t- s tr ip m ills — C ontinued
S tr ip - m ill c ra n e m e n , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m -------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------------

8
9
10

393
315
58
195
59
78

$
3. 80
3. 80
3. 60
3. 75
4. 16
3 .8 1

$
3. 72
3. 70
3 .4 1
3. 68
3. 90
3. 72

$
$
3. 5 2 -4 . 04
3 .4 6 -4 . 03
3 .4 0 -3 .8 5
3 .4 6 -4 . 08
3 .9 0 -4 .9 3
3. 54—4 . 04

52
52
147
107
107
76
68

3. 30
3. 30
3. 17
3. 29
3 .2 9
3. 21
3. 24

3. 32
3. 32
3. 10
3. 10
3. 10
3. 10
3. 10

3. 1 8 -3 . 58
3. 1 8 -3 . 58
2 .8 3 -3 .4 0
3. 1 0 -3 .4 5
3. 1 0 -3 .4 5
2. 9 1 -3 . 51
2 .9 1 -3 .5 2

208
162
55
52
46
444
361
132
48
73
83
193
160
60
33
184
132
86
52
757
603
24
164
208
154
228
172
16
90
56

5. 30
5. 28
5 .5 9
5. 36
5. 39
3 .9 1
3 .8 6
3. 56
3. 90
4. 29
4. 12
4 .8 0
4. 76
5. 19
5. 03
4. 15
4 . 21
4. 26
4 . 01
3 .7 9
3. 81
3. 24
4 . 08
3. 78
3. 71
4. 26
4 . 32
4 .5 3
4 . 20
4 . 07

5. 16
5. 17
5 .4 7
5. 32
5. 07
3. 92
3. 76
3 .5 9
3 .8 2
4. 28
4 . 02
4. 77
4. 74
5. 35
4. 77
3 .8 9
3 .9 3
4. 01
3 .6 9
3. 54
3. 61
3. 21
3. 82
3. 34
3. 53
4 . 37
4 . 38
4. 38
4. 38
3 .8 1

4 .6 1 - 5 .8 7
4 . 6 3 -5 . 86
4 . 76_ 6 . 02
5 .0 6 -5 .7 1
4 .4 6 - 6 . 58
3 .3 5 -4 .3 5
3 .2 9 -4 .2 3
3. 1 3 -3 .7 8
3 .2 3 —4 .7 1
3 .7 5 -4 .6 9
3 .9 5 —4 .5 8
4. 2 6 -5 . 39
4 .2 9 -5 .3 5
4 .7 8 - 5 .6 2
4 .2 6 - 5 .5 2
3 .5 7 -4 .7 7
3 .6 1 -4 .7 7
3. 8 0 -1 . 77
3 .4 8 -4 .4 2
3. 3 4 -3 .9 9
3. 3 4 -4 .0 1
3. 1 4 -3 .4 0
3 .3 5 -4 .7 7
3 .2 2 -3 .9 9
3. 5 3 -3 . 76
3 .6 1 -4 .6 3
3 .7 3 -4 .5 6
3 .3 0 -5 .6 8
3 .8 5 -4 . 51
3. 5 3 -5 . 07

59
_
_
_
-

•$
3. 11
_
_
-

38

3. 21

_

_

-

-

B a r and n a rro w s tr ip fin ish in g m ills
B a tc h p ic k ie r lo a d e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b ev a lu a tio n s y s te m -------C h ip p e rs, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m -------C o ld -sa w o p e r a to r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m --------

7

C old s tr ip and s h e e t m ills
A s s is ta n t ta n d e m m ills r o ll e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b ev a lu a tio n s y s te m -------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------C oil f e e d e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m -------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------C o ntinuous a n n ea lin g lin e o p e r a to r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b ev a lu a tio n s y s te m -------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------F ly in g s h e a rm e n , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m -------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------S trip in s p e c to rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g co m m o n jo b ev a lu a tio n s y s te m -------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------T a n d e m m ill fe e d e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m -------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




16
17
5
6
7
17
11
7
10
11
7
9

-

54
44

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
-

39
35
_
_
_
_
_
-

2 .7 4
2. 74

_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
3 .4 8
3 .4 6
.
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
_
-

8

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
an d in th o se h aving co m m on jo b e v alu atio n s y s te m s 2 by m e th o d of w age p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s , S e p te m b e r 1967)
D e p a rtm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , and
e s ta b lis h m e n t c la s s ifie d a c c o rd in g
to jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m 2

Job
c la s s 3

In c e n tiv e w o rk e rs
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

H o u rly e a rn in g s 1
M ed ian

T im e w o rk e rs
M iddle
ra n e e

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u rly
e a rn in g s 1
(m ean)

S e le c te d D e p a rtm e n ts 4— C o n tin ued
T ube fin ish in g
C u t-o ff m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------S tra ig h te n e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------------------

5
6
7
9
10

414
382
120
139
109
165
135
50
31

$
3 .4 1
3. 38
3. 23
3. 31
3. 62
3 .4 5
3 .4 7
3 .4 0
3 .5 5
“

$
3 .2 9
3. 29
3. 24
3. 27
3. 38
3 .4 3
3 .4 3
3. 21
3. 56
-

$
$
3. 0 7 -3 . 71
3. 0 4 -3 . 65
3. 0 0 -3 . 29
3. 0 7 -3 .4 0
3. 3 8 -3 .7 8
3. 1 4 -3 . 75
3. 1 4 -3 . 91
3. 1 4 -3 . 55
3. 0 6 -3 . 82
"

282
14
_
_
268
170
_
_
_
155

$
2. 81
2. 77
_
2. 81
2. 99
_
_
3. 01

257
183
131
85
79
29
221
179
179
120
114
98
1 ,5 9 5
1,2 3 5
256
90
889

3. 37
3. 04
3. 00
3 .4 6
3 .4 6
3 .7 7
3 .9 5
3. 97
3. 97
3. 30
3. 30
3. 25
4. 13
4. 04
3. 73
4 . 16
4 . 11

3. 16
2. 90
2. 67
3 .4 4
3 .4 6
3. 54
3. 94
3. 94
3. 94
3. 36
3. 36
3. 36
4 . 07
3. 98
3. 60
4. 00
3 .9 8

2 .6 7 -4 . 17
2. 6 7 -3 . 16
2. 6 7 -3 . 15
2 .9 4 -3 .5 7
2. 9 4 -3 . 64
3. 3 5 -3 . 64
3 .8 5 -4 . 12
3 .5 2 -4 .2 7
3 .5 2 -4 .2 7
2 .9 9 -3 .4 3
2 .9 9 -3 .4 3
2. 9 9 -3 .4 3
3. 9 0 -4 .4 3
3. 6 7 -4 .4 0
3 .3 2 -3 .9 4
3 .6 1 -4 . 50
3 .9 0 -4 . 50

78
74
66
_
_
_
_
90
70
270
215
62
103

2 .6 6
2 .6 6
2. 67
_
2. 94
2. 85
2. 94
2. 98
2. 90
3. 05

797
731
308
140
106
66
163
128
111
95
17
10
35
942
860
674
674
82

3 .8 4
3. 82
3 .8 5
3. 83
3. 76
4. 09
4. 06
4 . 09
4 . 13
4. 13
3 .8 1
3 .7 4
3 .9 6
4 . 00
3. 98
4 . 03
4 . 03
4 . 16

3. 93
3 .8 5
3. 84
3. 84
3. 77
4 . 21
4. 11
4. 10
4. 11
4. 11
3 .8 0
4. 13
4. 02
4. 02
4. 02
4. 02
4. 51

3 .6 6 -4 .0 6
3 .6 4 -4 .0 5
3. 6 8 -4 . 06
3 .6 8 -4 . 23
3 .4 4 -3 . 93
4 .0 6 -4 .2 1
3. 8 4 -4 . 24
3. 8 6 -4 . 37
3. 8 7 -4 . 38
3 .8 7 -4 . 30
3 .4 9 -4 . 05
3 .6 8 -4 .1 3
3 .8 4 -4 . 20
3 .8 4 -4 .2 0
3 .8 6 -4 .2 0
3 .8 6 -4 .2 0
3 .7 9 -4 .5 1

583
393
214
106
39
190
170
103
92
88
11
6
67
399
307
267
“

3. 37
3. 36
3 .4 4
3. 35
3. 50
3. 37
3 .4 7
3. 54
3. 56
3. 57
3. 34
3. 27
3. 36
3. 55
3. 54
3. 56
"

Rod and w ire m ills
B u n d le rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------C o ile rs (ro d m ill), a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------N a il-m a c h in e o p e ra to rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------S tra ig h te n an d c u t o p e ra to rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------W ire d ra w e rs (co n tin u o u s m a c h in e ), a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m -------------

5
8
11
7
8
9
10

A ll D e p a rtm e n ts 5
M ain te n a n c e
A u to m o b ile re p a irm e n , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 --------------------------------------------------------------- O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------B la c k s m ith s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------R e ceiv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e ceiv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------B o ile rm a k e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e ceiv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




14
16

17
13

17

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and in th o se having com m on jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m s 2 by m e th o d of w age p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s , S e p te m b e r 1967)
D e p a rtm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , and
e s ta b lis h m e n t c la s s ifie d a c c o rd in g
to jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m 2

Jo b
c la s s 3

In c e n tiv e w o rk e rs
H o u rly e a rn in g s 1

T im e w o rk e rs

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M ed ian

M iddle
ra n g e

1 ,5 4 4
1 ,3 6 9
1, 035
894
175
922
790
607
25
581
183
122
_
203
187
124
78
16
298
268
236
228
32
14
18
30
530
230
186
30
126
44
300
1, 081
1 ,0 2 2
848
792
174
38
136
417
327
264
228
90

$
4 . 15
4. 08
4 . 19
4 . 19
4 . 70
3. 78
3. 74
3 .8 3
3. 87
3 .8 3
3 .4 6
3 .4 4
_
3. 91
3. 87
3. 86
3. 89
4 . 38
4. 04
4. 02
4 . 05
4. 05
3. 78
3 .6 7
3. 86
4. 27
4 . 11
3 .9 1
3. 97
3 .9 9
3 .9 8
3 .6 6
4 . 26
4 . 08
4 . 07
4 . 11
4 . 11
3 .8 5
3 .6 8
3. 90
4 . 30
4. 24
4 . 30
4 . 29
4 .5 1

$
4 . 11
4. 10
4. 15
4. 15
4. 62
3 .8 0
3 .7 9
3 .8 2
3. 80
3. 82
3. 58
3. 58
_
3. 95
3. 88
3 .8 8
4. 01
4. 27
4. 04
4. 03
4. 04
4. 04
3 .7 9
3. 83
4. 21
4 . 25
3 .9 4
4. 02
3. 88
4. 04
3. 73
4 . 35
4. 05
4. 02
4. 07
4 . 08
3 .8 6
3. 66
3. 89
4. 31
4. 22
4. 34
4. 31
4 .4 0

$
$
3 .9 3 -4 .3 9
3 .9 2 -4 .2 6
4 .0 1 - 4 .3 0
4 . 01—1. 30
4. 5 9 -4 .8 5
3. 5 8 -4 .0 2
3. 5 7 -3 . 92
3 .7 1 -4 .0 0
3. 8 0 -4 . 02
3. 7 1 -3 . 99
3. 2 9 -3 . 65
3 .1 2 -3 .6 5
_
3 .7 3 -4 .1 1
3 .7 3 - 4 . 07
3. 7 3 -4 .0 4
3 .8 0 -4 .0 6
4 . 1 1 -4 .2 7
3. 95—4. 08
3. 9 5 -1 . 04
4 . 0 0 -4 .0 7
4. 0 0 -4 . 18
3. 6 7 -3 . 83

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u rly
e a rn in g s 1
(m ean )

A ll D e p a rtm e n ts 5— C ontinued
M a in te n a n c e — C ontinued
B r ic k la y e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top r a te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------C a rp e n te rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e ceiv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------E le c tric ia n s (a rm a tu r e w in d e rs ), a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top r a te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------E le c tric ia n s (lin e m e n ), a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------E le c tric ia n s (sh o p ), a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e ceiv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------E le c tric ia n s (w ire m e n ), a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b ev a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top r a te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e c e iv in g lo w e r r a te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------E le c tro n ic r e p a irm e n , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b ev a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e ceiv in g to p ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e ceiv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le ,




17

13
15
11
13

16

18
14
16

14
16

18
14
16

20
16
18

-

3 .7 9 -3 .9 0
4. 0 8 -4 . 34
3 .8 8 -4 .4 1
3 .7 3 -4 . 11
3 .8 8 -4 . 11
3. 8 8 -4 . 14
3. 6 9 -4 .1 1
3 .6 1 -3 .7 3
4 . 2 7 -4 .4 7
3. 9 5 -4 .2 9
3. 9 5 -4 . 26
3 .9 8 -4 .2 9
3 .9 8 -4 .2 9
3. 7 9 -3 .8 9
3 .6 3 -3 .8 4
3 .7 9 -3 .8 9
4 . 0 5 -4 . 44
4 . 0 5 -4 . 44
4. 0 6 -4 .4 7
4. 0 5 -4 . 47
_
3 .9 9 -5 .1 2

857
407
388
375
450
818
550
515
-

408
35
11
24
268
169
123
78
57
46
120
96
86
86
10
8
24
714
231
213
-

132
18
483
783
659
544
544
115
52
62
124
157
78
49
49
29
18
11
79

$
3 .8 8
3. 56
3. 57
3 .5 7
4. 18
3 .4 0
3 .4 2
3 .4 4
_
3 .4 2
3. 22
3. 12
3. 27
3. 36
3 .4 9
3 .5 1
3. 54
3. 50
3 .4 5
3. 61
3 .6 2
3 .6 5
3 .6 5
3. 38
3 .3 5
_
3 .4 5
3. 54
3 .5 5
_
3. 50
3. 34
3 .4 1
3. 60
3 .6 1
3. 65
3 .6 5
3 .4 2
3. 35
3 .5 0
3 .5 6
3 .7 3
3. 71
3. 80
3 .8 0
3 .5 5
3 .5 0
3 .6 5
3. 76

2

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(N u m b er an d a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
an d in th o se having co m m o n jo b e v alu atio n s y s te m s 2 by m e th o d of w age p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s , S e p te m b e r 1967)
D e p a rtm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , and
e s ta b lis h m e n t c la s s ifie d a c c o rd in g
to jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m 2
A ll D e p a rtm e n ts 5— C o n tin ued
M a in te n a n c e — C o n tin ued
In s tru m e n t re p a irm e n , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6 -------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------M a c h in is ts , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top r a te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------M illw rig h ts, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g to p ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e c e iv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------M illw rig h t h e lp e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------M o to r in s p e c to rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------R e ceiv in g top ra te 6 ----------------------------------- ------------------------------R eceiv ing lo w e r r a te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------P a in te r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving co m m o n jo b ev a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------R e c e iv in g top r a t e 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------P a tte r n m a k e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------P ip e f itte r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R eceiv in g to p r a te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e ceiv in g lo w e r ra te 6---------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




Jo b
c la s s 3

18
16

18
14
16

14
16
12
14
6

14
16
12
14

11
13

19

13
15
11
13

In c e n tiv e w o rk e rs
H o u rly e a rn in g s 1

T im e w o rk e rs

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M ed ian

M iddle
ra n e e

482
453
329
283
3 ,3 5 6
2 ,8 7 2
2 ,4 6 9
2, 091
403
220
182
484
8 ,5 6 4
7, 029
5 ,4 2 4
407
4 ,7 7 9
1 ,6 0 5
674
895
1 ,5 3 5
2 ,4 9 8
2, 108
1 ,9 8 8
4 ,5 8 9
4 , 108
3, 175
259
2 ,8 6 4
933
454
454
481
372
343
161
63
87
48
43
43
2, 345
1 ,7 9 9
1 ,4 0 3
74
1, 063
396
92
259
546

3. 11
4 . 12
4. 16
4 . 18
4 . 14
4 . 15
4. 17
4 . 18
4 . 04
4 . 02
4 . 08
4 . 06
3 .9 5
3 .9 5
4 . 01
4 . 26
3 .9 9
3 .7 7
3 .6 5
3 .8 6
3 .9 3
3. 11
3. 13
3. 13
3 .9 4
3 .9 5
4. 01
4. 25
4. 00
3. 73
3 .6 3
3 .8 2
3. 88
3 .5 9
3 .5 9
3 .5 3
3. 52
3 .5 5
4 . 35
4 . 39
4 . 39
3. 80
3. 80
3 .8 5
3 .8 5
3. 87
3. 61
3 .4 7
3 .6 9
3 .7 9

$

4 . 10
4. 10
4. 14
4 . 17
4. 21
4 . 21
4. 23
4. 24
4 . 01
3. 08
3 .9 6
4 . 27
3. 93
3 .9 3
3. 94
4. 32
3 .9 3
3. 76
3. 65
3. 81
4. 06
3. 06
3. 06
3. 06
3 .9 2
3 .9 2
3. 94
4. 32
3. 93
3 .7 5
3. 57
3. 81
3. 78
3. 58
3. 60
3. 58
3. 63
3. 58
4. 33
4. 40
4 .4 0
3. 80
3. 80
3 .8 3
3. 88
3. 81
3 .5 7
3 .4 5
3 .6 3
3 .9 2

$

3 .9 9 -4 .2 0
4 .0 1 -4 .2 1
4. 0 2 -4 .3 8
4. 0 1 -4 .4 2
3 .8 9 -4 .3 2
3 .9 4 -4 .3 0
4 .0 2 - 4 .3 0
3 .9 4 -4 . 31
3. 7 7 -4 . 30
3 .7 2 -4 . 17
3 .7 9 -4 .5 6
3 .7 0 -4 . 38
3 .7 7 -4 .1 7
3 .7 9 -4 .1 4
3 .8 6 -4 . 17
4 .0 5 - 4 .3 2
3 .8 3 -4 . 15
3. 6 0 -3 . 91
3 .4 9 -3 . 81
3. 6 9 -4 . 00
3 .6 2 -4 . 17
2. 9 6 -3 .2 7
3. 0 1 -3 . 27
3 .0 1 -3 .2 7
3 .7 5 -4 .1 7
3 .7 7 -4 . 17
3 .8 2 -4 . 20
4. 0 1 -4 .3 2
3. 81^4. 17
3. 5 3 -3 . 91
3 .4 5 -3 .8 2
3 .7 0 -4 . 00
3 .6 0 -4 . 35
3 .4 5 -3 . 71
3 .4 9 -3 .7 1
3 .4 9 -3 . 63
3 .2 0 -3 .6 3
3 .5 3 -3 .6 4
4. 1 2 -4 .4 0
4. 2 7 -4 . 40
4 . 2 7 -4 . 40
3 .5 9 -4 .0 2
3 .6 5 -3 .9 2
3. 7 3 -3 . 94
3 .8 0 -3 .8 8
3 .7 1 -4 . 05
3 .4 3 -3 . 85
3. 3 2 -3 . 58
3. 5 4 -3 . 93
3 .4 1 -4 . 16

$

$

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u rly
e a rn in g s 1
(m ean)

466
307
207
201
100
49
159
2, 331
1, 383
1, 084
1 ,0 8 4
299
51
87
948
2 ,8 8 3
1,751
1 ,3 4 5
1 ,3 2 9
406
143
1, 132
506
441
439
65
1, 102
793
584
584
209
96
108
309
359
249
145
129
no
80
66
64
64
14
1, 231
947
859
_
859
88
34
46
284

3. 58
3 .5 9
3. 64
3. 65
3 .4 7
3 .5 0
3. 57
3. 58
3. 62
3 .6 5
3. 65
3 .5 5
3. 35
3. 50
3 .5 1
3 .4 1
3 .4 5
3. 50
3. 50
3. 30
3. 20
3. 34
2. 76
2 .7 5
2. 75
2. 84
3 .4 2
3 .4 4
3. 50
3. 50
3. 27
3. 20
3. 35
3. 39
3. 23
3. 24
3. 26
3. 27
3. 21
3. 70
3. 71
3. 72
3 .7 2
3 .6 6
3. 37
3 .4 0
3 .4 2
3 .4 2
3. 22
3. 12
3 .2 7
3 .2 8

$

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs 1 o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l esta b lish m en ts
and in those having com m on jo b eva lu a tion sy s te m s 2 by m ethod o f w a ge paym en t, U n ited S ta tes, S e p tem b er 1967)

D e p a rtm e n t, o c c u p a tio n , and
e s ta b lis h m e n t c la s s ifie d a c c o rd in g
to jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m 2

In c e n tiv e w o rk e rs
Jo b
c la s s 3

H o u rly e a rn in g s 1

T im e w o rk e rs

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

M ean

M ed ian

M iddle
ra n e e

431
422
368
1 ,2 9 7
1 ,0 1 0
830
686
180
81
99
287
606
505
404
332
101
148
93
64
46
3, 174
2 ,6 0 2
1 ,8 5 5
175
1 ,5 6 0
_
572

$
3. 07
3 .0 7
3. 06
3 .8 8
3 .8 7
3 .8 9
3 .8 9
3 .7 6
3 .6 4
3. 86
3. 94
4 . 12
4 . 14
4 . 23
4 . 22
4 . 02
3 .9 6
3. 96
4 . 04
4 . 01
3. 94
3. 94
3 .9 7
3 .9 5
3. 98
3 .9 5

$
3. 05
3. 05
3. 03
3 .8 8
3 .8 8
3 .8 8
3. 88
3 .7 9
3 .6 2
3. 87
4. 16
4. 05
4 . 11
4 . 12
4 . 12
3 .7 5
3 .8 7
3 .9 6
4. 08
3 .8 0
3 .9 4
3. 94
3 .9 4
3 .8 8
3 .9 9
-

$
$
2. 9 6 -3 . 22
2. 9 6 -3 . 22
2 .9 5 -3 . 16
3. 7 9 -4 . 01
3. 8 3 -3 . 99
3. 8 5 -4 .0 0
3 .8 3 -4 .0 1
3 .6 2 -3 .8 7
3 .6 2 -3 .7 1
3. 8 3 -3 . 87
3 .5 6 -4 .2 0
3 .8 1 -4 .4 6
3 .8 2 -4 .4 7
3. 9 6 -4 .4 7
3 .9 7 -4 .4 0
3. 6 4 -4 . 29
3 .8 1 -4 . 08
3. 8 1 -4 . 14
3 .9 0 -4 .2 0

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

H o u rly
e a rn in g s 1
(m ean )

290
263
231
617
440
327
227
113
_
177
411
234
220
208
177
113
88
80
72
25
249
48
28
28
201
1,6 3 1
1, 125
982
6
976
143
29
112
506

$
2. 76
2 .7 5
2. 75
3 .4 5
3 .4 7
3 .5 1
3. 50
3. 34
3 .4 0
3 .4 9
3. 55
3. 58
3. 57
3 .4 1
3. 54
3 .5 4
3. 56
3. 57
3. 53
3 .4 0
3. 72
3. 80
3. 80
3. 32
3 .4 4
3 .4 7
3 .4 9
3 .5 0
3. 30
3. 20
3. 35
3. 37

3, 240
2, 210
740
1 ,4 6 8
1, 030
1 1 ,1 7 8
6 ,7 3 1
40
5 ,9 4 7
265
63
4 ,4 4 7

3 .4 6
2 .4 5
2 .4 5
2 .4 5
2 .4 8
2 .4 7
2 .4 6
2 .4 5
2 .4 5
2. 60
2. 67
2 .4 8

A ll D e p a rtm e n ts 5— C ontinued
M ain te n a n c e — C ontinued
P ip e fitte r h e lp e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R ig g e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e ceiv in g lo w e r r a te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------R oll tu r n e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------S h e e t-m e ta lw o r k e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ----------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g to p ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------T o o lm a k e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g top ra te 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------W e ld e rs, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------R e c e iv in g to p ra te 6 --------------------------------------------- — ----------------R e ceiv in g lo w e r ra te 6--------------------------------------------------------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------

6
16
12
14

17

17

20

14
16
12
14

4 . 16

-

3 .8 0 -4 . 21
3 .7 6 -4 .1 4
3 .7 7 -4 .1 1
3 .8 3 -4 .0 8
3. 8 8 -4 .0 5
3 .7 9 -4 . 14
3. 61—4. 16

G e n e ra l la b o r
J a n ito r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m ------------O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------L a b o re rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m -------------

O th e r e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------------See footn otes at end o f table,




_
1
2
1
2
4
5

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

Table 3. Occupational Averages by Method of Wage Payment— Continued
(N u m b er and a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in a ll b a s ic iro n and s te e l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
an d in th o se hav in g com m on job e v alu atio n s y s te m s 2 by m e th o d of w age p a y m e n t, U n ited S ta te s , S e p te m b e r 1967)
In c e n tiv e w o r k e r s
D ep artm en t, occu pation , and
esta b lish m en t c la s s ifie d a c c o rd in g
to jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m 2

Job
cla ss

3

N u m b er
of
w ork ers

H o u rly ea rn in gs

T im e w o r k e r s
1

M ean

M ed ian

M id d le
range

$
3. 6 8
3.67

$
3. 59
3.59

$
$
3 .4 8 -3 .8 1
3 .4 7 -3 . 81

N u m b er
of
w ork ers

H o u rly
ea rn in gs
(m ean )

1

A l l D e p a rtm e n ts 5— Continued

T ra n s p o rta tio n and y a rd
L o c o m o tiv e cra n em en , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -------------- -------------------E s ta b lish m en ts having com m on jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m ------------

604
527
11
12

13
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------L o c o m o tiv e e n g in e e rs (g e n e r a l), a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----------------E s ta b lish m en ts having com m on jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------13
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ------

-----------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

365
25
77
1,473
1, 202
410
271

3. 67
4. 07
3.75
3. 89
3.88
3. 78
3. 90

3.59
3.75
3. 55
3 .9 0
3. 8 8
3 .8 0
3 .92

3 .4 7 -3 . 81
3. 7 5 -4 .7 8
3 .4 9 -3 .9 3
3 .6 7 -4 . 07
3 .6 9 -4 . 05
3 .5 1 -3 .8 8
3. 67—4 .1 3

207
186

3. 94
3.91
4. 18

3. 78
3. 78
4. 17

3. 7 8 -4 .1 2
3. 78-4. 12
4. 0 4 -4 .2 8

633
218
14
167
_
415
268

125
_
143

$
3. 08
3. 15
3. 12
3. 20
_
3. 05
3. 28
3. 20
_
3. 36

P o w e r and fu e l
F i r s t p o w e r e n g in e e rs , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------E sta b lish m en ts h aving com m on jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------

21

75
46

3.41
3. 52
3. 23

309
269
37
37
40
235
175
26
_
60

2. 76
2. 73
2.67
2. 75
3. 00
3. 13
3. 09
3. 20
_
3. 26

1 21

M e ta llu r g ic a l and c h e m ic a l
T e s t p r e p a r e r s , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------E sta b lis h m e n ts h aving com m on jo b eva lu a tion s y s t e m -----------5

6

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------M e ta llu r g ic a l a n a ly s ts , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------E sta b lish m en ts having com m on jo b eva lu a tio n s y s t e m ------------

132
83
-

13
O th er e s ta b lis h m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------

12

49

-

3.62
3.6 6
_
3. 75
3. 57

_
_
-

3. 67
3. 75
_
3. 63

_
-

.
_
3 .5 1 -3 .7 8
3 .4 3 -3 . 78
_
3. 51-3. 67

1 E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eek e n d s, h o lid a y s, and la te s h ifts . See ap p en d ix A fo r d e fin itio n of m e a n , m e d ia n , and m id d le ra n g e .
2 D ata a r e p re s e n te d s e p a ra te ly fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts having a com m on job e v a lu a tio n s y s te m , th e sa m e m in im u m h o u rly r a te of $ 2 ,4 4 5 and th e sa m e w age in c re m e n t (7 .5 c e n ts) b etw een
jo b c la s s e s .
3 Jo b c la s s d a ta a r e p ro v id e d o nly fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts having a co m m on jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m , th e s a m e m in im u m h o u rly r a te , and th e sa m e w age in c re m e n t b e tw e e n jo b c la s s e s .
P u b lic a tio n is lim ite d to jo b c la s s e s re p o rte d by 3 su ch e sta b lish m e n ts o r m o re an d m e e tin g o th e r p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia . E s tim a te s fo r a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts and fo r th e o v e ra ll o c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a tio n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g a co m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n sy ste m in c lu d e s d a ta fo r a ll jo b c la s s e s .
4 O cc u p a tio n s a r e lim ite d to w o rk e rs in th e d e p a rtm e n ts in d ic a te d .
5 O cc u p a tio n s re la te to w o rk e rs in a ll d e p a rtm e n ts of th e e sta b lish m e n t.
6 D ata w e re re p o rte d s e p a ra te ly fo r w o rk e rs re c e iv in g th e top ra te fo r th e jo b and fo r th o se re c e iv in g lo w e r r a te s . T h o se e s ta b lis h m e n ts hav in g a c o m m o n jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s te m h av e
a ra n g e of ra te s fo r r e p a ir and m a in te n a n c e c ra fts m e n w h ic h /in c lu d e s a beg in nin g r a te (4 jo b c la s s e s b elo w th e to p o r s ta n d a rd r a te ), an in te rm e d ia te ra te (2 jo b c la s s e s b e lo w ), and the
top o r s ta n d a rd r a te . W o rk e rs re c e iv in g th e b eg in nin g o r in te rm e d ia te ra te (alth ou g h q u a lifie d jo u rn e y m e n ) w e re c la s s ifie d a s re c e iv in g a ra te lo w e r th a n th e to p ra te .
N O T E : D a sh e s in d ic a te no d a ta re p o rte d o r d a ta th a t do no t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .




Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey

Scope of Survey
The su rv ey co v ered esta b lish m en ts c la s s ifie d in the follow in g in d u stries a s defin ed in
the 1967 ed ition of the Standard In d u strial C la ssific a tio n M anual, p rep a red by the U. S. B u reau
of the Budget:
1.
2

.

B la st fu rn a ces exclud in g m erch a n t coke o v en s, s te e l w o rk s, and ro llin g m ills —
p art of in d u stry 3312.
S teel w ire draw ing and s te e l n a ils and sp ik e s— in d u stry 3315.

3. Cold ro lle d s te e l sh eet, strip , and b a r s— in d u stry 3316.
4. S teel pipe and tu b es— in d u stry 3317.
E xclu ded fro m the su rv ey w ere: M erchant coke o v en s, part of in d u stry 3312; e le c tr o m e t­
a llu r g ic a l p rod u cts, in d u stry 3313; esta b lish m en ts producing so le ly for u se by a p aren t c o m ­
pany not c la s s ifie d in the s te e l industry; and sep a ra te a u x ilia ry units such a s cen tra l o ffic e s.
The e sta b lish m en ts studied w ere s e le c te d fro m th ose em ploying 250 w o rk ers or m o re
at the tim e of r e fe r e n c e of the data u sed in com p ilin g the u n iv erse lis ts .
The num ber of w o rk ers a ctu ally studied by the B ureau, a s w e ll a s the num ber e s t i ­
m ated to be w ithin scop e of the su rv ey during the p a y ro ll p eriod studied, a re show n below :
Estimated number of workers
within scope of the survey1 --------------------------

556, 368

Production workers ----------------------------------Office workers —--------------------------------------

452, 977
46, 513

Total number of workers
actually studied 1 ---------

335, 801

1 Includes executive, professional, and other workers
excluded from the production and office worker categories.

M ethod of Study
Data w ere obtained by p e rso n a l v is its by the B u rea u 's field staff. The su rv ey w as
conducted on a sam p le b a s is . To obtain ap p rop riate a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o st, a g rea ter
p rop ortion of la r g e than of sm a ll esta b lish m en ts w as studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ev er, a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ere giv en th eir ap p rop riate w eigh t. A ll e stim a te s a re p r esen ted ,
th erefo re, a s rela tin g to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the in d u stry, and exclu d e only th ose b elow
the m inim um s iz e at the tim e of r e fe r e n c e of the u n iv e rse data.
E sta b lish m en t D efin ition
An esta b lish m en t, for p u rp o ses of th is study, is defin ed a s a sin g le p h y sic a l lo ca tio n
w h ere in d u stria l o p eratio n s a r e p erfo rm ed . An esta b lish m en t is not n e c e s s a r ily id en tica l
w ith the com pany, w hich m ay c o n s is t of one esta b lish m en t or m o re. Inform ation w a s not
a lw a y s a v a ila b le on an e sta b lish m en t b a s is , h ow ever, and in a few in sta n c e s, two lo ca tio n s
or m o re of the sam e com pany w ere co n sid ered a s one esta b lish m en t.




35

36

E m p loym en t
The e stim a te s of the num ber of w o rk ers w ithin the sco p e of the study a re intended
a s a g en e ra l guide to the s iz e and co m p o sitio n of the labor fo rce included in the su rv ey .
The advance planning n e c e s s a r y to m ake a w age su rv ey req u ires the u se of lis t s of e s ­
ta b lish m en ts a sse m b le d co n sid era b ly in advance of the p a y ro ll p erio d studied.
P rod u ction W orkers
The term "production w o rk ers" a s u sed in th is b u lletin , in clu d es a ll n o n su p erv iso ry
w o rk ers engaged in non office fu n ction s and w orking fo rem en (em p lo y ees w ith su p erv iso ry
d u ties but who n o rm a lly spend 20 p e rcen t or m o re of th eir tim e at ta sk s sim ila r to th o se
of em p lo y ees under th eir su p erv isio n ). W orkers engaged in record k eep in g c lo s e ly a sso c ia te d
w ith prod uction o p eratio n s, e. g. , plant c le r k s in prod uction d ep a rtm en ts, w ere included.
A d m in istra tiv e, ex ecu tiv e, p r o fe ssio n a l, tech n ica l and o ffice c le r ic a l p erso n n el, and fo r c e accou n t co n stru ctio n em p lo y ees, w ho a re u tilized a s a sep a ra te w ork fo r c e on the firm *s
own p r o p e r tie s, w ere exclud ed.
O ffice W orkers
The term " office w o rk ers" in clu d es w orking su p e r v iso r s and n o n su p erv iso ry w o rk ers
p erfo rm in g c le r ic a l or r ela ted o ffice fu nctions of an esta b lish m en t in such a d m in istra tiv e
d ep a rtm en ts a s the follow ing: A ccou nting, a d v ertisin g , ex ecu tiv e, fin an ce, in d u stria l r e ­
la tio n s, le g a l, p a y ro ll, p erso n n el, public rela tio n s, p u rch asin g, s a le s , and tra n sp o rta tion .
E x ecu tiv e and p r o fe ssio n a l p e rso n n e l, sa le sm e n , and w o rk ers engaged in reco rd k eep in g
c lo s e ly a sso c ia te d w ith p rod u ction o p era tio n s, e. g. , plant c le r k s in prod uction d ep a rtm en ts,
w ere exclud ed.
O ccupations S elec ted for Study
O ccupational c la ss ific a tio n w as b a sed on the standard job title s and co d es u sed by c o m ­
p a n ies that u se the com m on job evalu ation sy ste m , a s w e ll a s un iform job d e sc r ip tio n s.
(S ee appendix B. ) The d e sc rip tio n s serv ed a s the b a s is for c la ss ific a tio n in other e sta b ­
lish m e n ts. The occu p ation s w e r e ch osen for th eir n u m erica l im p o rta n ce, th eir u se fu ln e ss
in c o lle c tiv e b argain in g, or th eir r e p r e se n ta tiv e n e ss of the pay stru ctu re in the ind ustry.
W age Data
The w age in form ation r e la te s to a v era g e str a ig h t-tim e hou rly ea rn in g s, exclud in g p r e ­
m ium pay for o v ertim e and for w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts. In cen tive p a y ­
m en ts, such a s th o se resu ltin g fro m p iecew o rk or p rod uction bonus sy ste m s and c o s t-o fliv in g b o n u ses, w ere includ ed a s a p art of the w o rk er1s reg u la r pay but nonproduction bonus
p a y m en ts, such a s C h ristm a s or yearen d b o n u ses, w ere exclu d ed . W orkers w ere co n sid e red
a s being on in cen tiv e if during the p a y ro ll p erio d sch ed u led , any of th eir w ork w as paid on
th is b a s is . The hourly ea rn in g s of sa la ried w o rk ers w ere obtained by dividing th eir stra ig h ttim e sa la r y by n orm al rath er than actu al h o u rs.
A v era g e (m ean) hourly ra tes or ea rn in g s for each occu pation or other group of w o r k e r s,
such a s prod uction w o rk e rs, tim ew o rk er s, or in cen tiv e w o rk e rs, w ere ca lcu la ted by w eigh tin g
each rate or hou rly earn in g s by the num ber of w o rk e rs rec eiv in g the ra te, and totalin g and
dividing by the num ber of in d iv id u a ls. The m ed ian d e sig n a tes p osition ; that is , o n e-h a lf of
the em p lo y ees su rv ey ed r e c e iv e d m o re than th is rate and o n e-h a lf r e c e iv e d le s s . The
m id d le range is defined by tw o r a te s of pay; on e-fo u rth of the em p lo y ees earn ed le s s than
the low er of th ese ra tes and o n e-fo u rth earn ed m o re than the higher ra te.
Shift P r a c tic e s
Data r e la te to the p r a c tic e s in th o se esta b lish m en ts operating extra sh ifts during the
p a y ro ll p erio d studied.




37
Supplem entary W age P r o v isio n s
Supplem entary b en efits w ere trea ted s ta tistic a lly on the b a s is that if fo rm a l p r o v isio n s
w ere ap p lica b le to o n e-h a lf or m ore of the prod uction w o rk ers (or o ffice w o rk ers) in an e s ­
tab lish m en t, the b en efits w ere co n sid e red a p p licab le to a ll such w o rk ers. S im ila rly , if
few er than o n e-h a lf of the w o rk ers w ere co v ered , the b en efit w as co n sid ered n o n ex isten t
in the esta b lish m en t. B e ca u se of le n g th -o f-s e r v ic e and other e lig ib ility req u irem en ts, the
p rop ortion of w o rk ers rec eiv in g the b en efits m ay be sm a lle r than estim a ted .
P aid H olid ays.
vided annually.

P aid holiday p rovision s- r ela te to fu ll-d a y and h a lf-d a y h o lid ays p r o ­

A nnual P aid V a ca tio n s. The su m m a ries of annual v a ca tio n p lans a re lim ited to fo rm a l
a rra n g em en ts, excluding in fo rm a l p la n s, w h ereby tim e off w ith pay is granted at the d is c r e ­
tion of the em p lo y er or su p erv iso r. P a ym en ts not on a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for ex a m ­
p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual earn in gs w as co n sid e red the eq u ivalen t of 1 w eek 's pay.
H ealth, In su ran ce, and P en sio n P la n s. Data a re p r esen ted for health, in su ra n ce,
and p en sio n p lan s for w hich a ll or a p art of the c o st is born e by the em p lo y er, exclud in g
p ro g ra m s req u ired by law , such a s w o rk m en 's co m p en sa tio n and so c ia l secu rity . A m ong
the p lan s included are th o se u n derw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ran ce com pany, and th ose
paid d ir e c tly by the em p lo y er from h is cu rren t operatin g funds or fro m a fund se t a sid e
for th is p u rp ose.
D eath b en efits a re included a s a fo rm of life in su ran ce. S ick n ess and a ccid en t in ­
su ran ce is lim ited to that type of in su ran ce under w hich p red eterm in ed ca sh p aym en ts a re
m ade d ir e c tly to the in su red on a w eek ly or m onthly b a s is during illn e s s or a ccid en t d is ­
a b ility . Inform ation is p r esen te d for a ll such p lans to w hich the em p loyer co n trib u tes at
le a st a part of the co st. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r s e y , w h ere tem p o ra ry d is ­
a b ility in su ran ce law s req u ire em p lo y er contrib utions 13 plans a re included only if the e m ­
p lo y er (l) con trib u tes m o re than is req u ired le g a lly or (2) p ro v id es the em p lo y ees w ith b e n ­
e fits w hich ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law .
T abulations of paid sic k lea v e plan s a re lim ited to fo rm a l plans w hich p rovid e fu ll
pay or a prop ortion of the w o rk e r's pay during a b sen ce fro m w ork b e ca u se of illn e ss ; in ­
fo rm a l a rra n g em en ts have b een om itted.
M ed ical in su ran ce r e fe r s to plans providing for co m p lete or p a rtia l paym en t of d o c to r s1
fe e s . Such p lan s m ay be u n derw ritten by a co m m e r c ia l in su ran ce com pany or a non profit
organ ization , or they m ay be a fo rm of s e lf-in su r a n c e .
C atastroph e in su ra n ce, so m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to a s extended m ed ica l in su ra n ce, in clu d es
the p lans d esig n ed .to co v er em p lo y ees for sic k n e ss or injury that in v o lv es an ex p en se w hich
g o es beyond the n orm al co v era g e of h o sp ita liza tio n , m ed ica l, and su r g ic a l p lan s.
T abulations of r e tir e m e n t p en sio n s a re lim ited to p lans w hich p rovid e reg u la r p a y ­
m ent for the rem ain d er of the r e tir e e 's life .
Supplem entary U nem ploym ent B e n e fits. Supplem entary unem p loym ent b en efit data r e ­
late to fo rm a l p r o v isio n s for sup plem en tin g b en efits paid under State unem ploym ent sy ste m s.
T ech n o lo g ica l S evera n ce P a y . Data rela te to fo rm a l p r o v isio n s for p aym en ts to e m ­
p lo y ees p erm an en tly sep a ra ted a s a r e su lt of fo r c e red u ction w hich a r is e s out of the in ­
trod uction of new equipm ent or fro m the clo sin g of a departm en t, plant, or unit. T h ese
data do not includ e retir e m e n t se v era n c e pay.
13 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.







Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The p rim a ry p u rp ose of p rep arin g job d e sc rip tio n s
for the B u reau 1s w age su rv ey s is to a s s is t its field sta ff
in c la ssify in g into ap p rop riate occu p ation s w o rk ers who are
em p loyed under a v a r ie ty of p a y ro ll title s and d ifferen t
w ork a rra n g em en ts from esta b lish m en t to esta b lish m en t
and from a rea to a rea . T his p e rm its the grouping of
occu p ation al w age r a te s rep resen tin g com p arab le job co n ­
tent. B e ca u se of the em p h a sis on in ter esta b lish m en t and
in ter a r ea co m p a ra b ility of occu p ation al content, the B u­
rea u 's job d e sc rip tio n s m ay d iffer sig n ifica n tly fro m th ose
in u se in ind ividu al e sta b lish m en ts or th ose p rep ared for
other p u rp o ses. In applying th ese job d e sc r ip tio n s, the
B u reau1s fie ld e co n o m ists a re in stru cted to exclu d e w o rk ­
ing su p e r v iso r s; a p p ren tices; le a r n e r s; b egin n ers; tra in ee s;
handicapped, p a r t-tim e , tem p o ra ry , and p r o b a t i o n a r y
w o rk e rs.
The so u r c e s for the follow in g d e sc rip tio n s of o c c u ­
p ation s s e le c te d for sep a ra te study w ere th ose u sed in
esta b lish m en ts that u se the com m on job evalu ation sy ste m .
The d e sc rip tio n s a ls o w ere u sed in other esta b lish m en ts.
The a lp h a b etica l and n u m erica l code in the righ t m argin
is the job code u sed by esta b lish m en ts that u se the c o m ­
m on job evalu ation sy stem ; it is not relev a n t in other
esta b lish m en ts. Jobs under " S elected D ep artm ents" w ere
lim ited to the in d icated d ep artm en ts and th ose under "A ll
D ep artm ents" r e la te to occu p ation s found throughout the
plant.

Selected Departments
Coke W orks and B yproducts

BENZO L STILLM AN
O p erates refin in g and d istillin g equipm ent.
DOOR-M ACHINE O PER A TO R

Standard
jo b code
A A -05560
A A -03050

O p erates m ach in e to rem o v e and rep la ce coke oven d o o rs.
H EA TER

A A -01800

H eats m a te r ia l to sp e c ifie d tem p era tu r es.
LIDM AN

A A -02020

R em o v es and rep la ce s coke oven lid s.




39

40

Selected Departments— Continued
Coke W orks and B yp rodu cts— C ontinued

PU SH E R -O PE R A T O R
O p erates p u sh er m ach in e to push coke from ovens and to le v e l co a l ch arge.
W HARFM AN
O p erates w harf g a tes to feed coke onto ca rs or b e lts . Q uenches hot
sp ots in coke.

Standard
job code
A A -03750
A A -06150

B la st F u r n a c e s, O re H andling, and S in ter P lan t
CINDER SN A P P E R
P r e p a r e s and m ain tain s cin d er runner on b la st fu rn a ce.

A B -0 5 4 3 0

FIRST BLOWING ENG INEER
O p erates blow ing en gin es and equipm ent supplying a ir to op eratin g u n its.

K A -01320

KEEPER
D ir e c ts and a s s is ts in the w ork a c tiv itie s n e c e s s a r y to the p rop er o p eratio n
of a b la st fu rn ace ca sth o u se .

A B -0 1 9 4 0

KEEPER HELPER
A s s is ts in the w ork a c tiv itie s n e c e s s a r y to the p rop er o p eration of a b la st
fu rn ace ca sth o u se .

A B -0 1 9 4 5

A B -0 1 9 7 0
LARRYM AN
L oads and o p era tes la r r y ca r to ch arge m a te r ia l into b la st fu r n a c e s, coke o v en s,
etc. M ay o p erate skip h o is ts , s c a le s , reco rd data, etc.
O R E -BR ID G E CRANEM AN
O p erates o re b rid ge w hich han dles v a rio u s m a te r ia ls to and from o re
yard a rea .

A B -0 0 8 9 0

SINTERING -M ACH INE O PER A TO R

A B -0 3 9 1 0

O p erates v a rio u s co n tro ls w hich g o vern sp eed of sin te r in g , regu latin g
b u rn ers, etc.
STOCK UNLO ADER
U nloads m a te r ia ls or prod u cts from ra ilroa d c a r s , tr u c k s, b a r g e s, or b o a ts.
M ay u se a u x ilia ry equipm en t, su ch as v ib r a to r s, sp u d s, c o n v e y o r s, and p u m p s.




A B -0 6 0 3 0

41

Selected Departments——Continued
Open H earth F u rn a ces
Standard
job code
CHARGING-M ACHINE O PER A TO R
O p erates m o b ile ch argin g or draw ing equipm ent to ch arge a n d /o r draw
m a te r ia l or product into or from fu rn a n ces.

A D -02890

FIRST H E L P E R
O p erates open h earth fu rn ace to prod uce s te e l.

A D -01830

LA D L E CRANEM AN

A D -00940

O p erates an overh ead tra v elin g lad le cra n e to tra n sp o rt m o lten m eta l.
A D -05600

STOCKER, RAW M ATERIALS
U nloads and sto ck s raw m a te r ia ls; fills and tr im s ch argin g b oxes w ith
raw m a te r ia ls , sc r a p , etc.

A D -01840

SECOND H E L P E R
A s s is ts fir s t h elp er in the o p eration of an open h earth fu rn a ce.

A D -04560

SECOND ST E E L POURER
A s s is ts fir s t s te e l p ou rer as d irec ted .
STOCKYARD CRANEM AN

A D -00900

O p erates overh ead tra v elin g sto ck yard cran e to load , unload, and tra n sp o rt
ch argin g sto ck and oth er m a te r ia ls in the sto ck yard.

E le c tr ic F u rn a ces
FIRST H E L P E R
O p erates e le c tr ic a rc fu rn ace to prod uce s te e l.

A E -01830

MOULDMAN

A E -0 2 5 8 0

P r e p a r e s m oulds and sto o ls to r e c e iv e m o lten m eta l.
ST O P P E R M AKER
P r e p a r e s and a s se m b le s stop p er ro d s.




A E -0 2 4 2 0

42

Selected Departments— Continued
B a sic O xygen F u rn a ces
Standard
job code
A J -03500

FU R N AC E O PER A TO R
O p erates oxygen fu rn ace to p rod uce s te e l.
FUR N AC EM A N , FIRST
S ign als oxygen fu rn ace o p erator to p o sitio n fu rn ace for ch argin g, s la g -o ff,
tapping, and secu rin g te s ts .

A J -01630

LA D L E CRANEM AN
O p erates an overh ead tra v elin g cran e to tra n sp o rt m o lten m eta l for
teem in g in g o ts.

A J -00940

LA D LE LINER

A J -02040

L in es and r e lin e s la d les u sed in b a sic oxygen fu rn a ces.
ST E E L PO U R ER , FIRST

A J -04550

P o u rs or d ir e c ts the pouring of s te e l into ingot m o u ld s.
A J -02420

ST O P P E R M AKER
P r e p a r e s and a sse m b le s stop p er ro d s.

F oundry
COREM AKER

H A -02210

M akes any type of sand c o r e s to be u sed in dry or g reen sand foundry m o u ld s.
M OULDER
M akes g reen or dry sand m o u ld s, s e ts c o r e s , and c lo se s m oulds for any
type of foundry c a stin g s. P o u rs and d ir e c ts pouring of m o u ld s.

H A -02550

B lo o m , Slab, and B ille t M ills
BOTTOM M AKER
U se s r e fr a c to r y m a te r ia ls , coke b r e e z e , etc. , to m ake and rep a ir bottom s
on soak ing p its a n d /o r heatin g or reh eatin g fu rn a ces.




A G -02150

43

Selected Departments— Continued
B lo o m , Slab, and B ille t M ills— Continued
Standard
job code
HOOKER
P e r fo r m s cran e hooking, fo llo w in g , and unhooking.
M ANIPULATO R

A H -01860
A G -02480

O p erates co n tro ls to m anipu late in gots into p o sitio n for en try into vario u s
p a s s e s of bloom ing m ill.
PIT RECORDER

A G -04750

M aintains rec o r d s of a ll s te e l ch arged into and draw n from soak ing p its.
SC A R FER

A H -05080

B urns out d e fects on b ille ts , s la b s , and b loom s w ith hand sca rfin g to rch .
C hecks and m ark s su rfa c e d e fe c ts.
SO AKING -PIT CRANEM AN

A G -00990

O p erates overh ead cran e to ch arge and draw ingots at soaking p its.
A G -01800

SO AKING -PIT H EA TER
H eats m a te r ia ls to sp e c ifie d tem p era tu r es.

P la te s
BURNING-M ACH INE O PER A TO R
S ets up and o p era tes burning m ach in e to flam e cut p la tes to sp e c ifie d s iz e s .

C C -02830

P L A T E LAYEROUT
L ays out and m a rk s m a te r ia l for fu rth er p r o c e ssin g accord in g to p rin ts or
s p e c ific a tio n s .

C C -01980

B ar M ills
ASSISTANT B A R -M IL L R O LLER
A s s is ts r o lle r to d ir e c t and ro ll s te e l and to d ism a n tle, adju st, and m ain tain
m ill and p r o c e ssin g equipm ent.




E A -04970

44

Selected Departments— Continued
B ar M ills— C ontinued
Standard
job code
E A -00520

BAR CATCH ER
U ses tongs to catch bar from one ro ll stan d , loop and feed it into next stand,
CHARGER

E A -00570

C h arges b ille ts or b lo o m s into h eatin g fu rn a ces.
ROUGHER
S ets up, adju sts and reg u la tes the ro lls and guides on a continuous roughing
tra in in a bar m ill.

E A -04990

SHEARMAN
S ets up and o p era tes sh ea r to cut prod uct to sp e c ific a tio n s.

E A -05290

C ontinuous H ot-S trip M ills
ASSO RTER
M anually or by u se of m ech a n ica l eq uipm en t, in sp e c ts and c la s s ifie s sh ee t
and tin p r o d u c ts, such as tin , te r n e , zin c g a lv a n ize, or b lack p la te.

B H -00070

COIL BA N D ER

B A -00190

W ir e -tie s or bands c o ils fro m d isch a r g e end of co ilin g m ach in e on continuous
h o t-strip m ill.
COILER
O p erates co n tro ls to c o il or r e c o il hot or cold prod uct. M ay band or tag.

B A -00780

COIL F E E D E R
M anually or m ech a n ica lly feed s m a te r ia l into a p r o c e ssin g unit.

B C -01450

H E A TE R

B A -01800

H eats m a te r ia l to sp e c ifie d tem p era tu re.
ROUGHER
Roughs or d ir e c ts the roughing of s te e l through a roughing stand or stand s and
d ir e c ts the op eratio n s of rela ted equipm ent.




B A -04990

45

Selected Departments— Continued
C ontinuous H o t-S trip M ills— C ontinued
Standard
job code
B A -01520

STRIP FINISHER
S ets up, a d ju sts, a n d /o r o p era tes fin ish in g ro ll stand or stands in rollin g
p rocesses.
ST R IP-M IL L CRANEM AN

B A -00970

O p erates EOT cran e to p rov id e s e r v ic e for m ill c r e w s , m ain ten an ce c r e w s,
fin ish in g d ep artm en t, and s e r v ic e shop s in su ch w ork as changing of r o lls , r e ­
m o v a l of co b b les, handling of m a c h in e s, equipm ent p a r ts, and co n stru ctio n
m a te r ia l in m a in ten a n ce, in sta lla tio n , and rep a ir. T his ex clu d es cra n es on w hich
product handling is the predom inant w ork.

B ar and N arrow Strip F in ish in g M ills
BATCH PICK LER LOADER

B C -02050

Loads and unloads m a te r ia l for batch p ick lin g.
C H IPPER

E B -0 0 68 0

M anually or by u se of chipping h am m er rem o v es d e fects from sem ifin ish ed
product.
E B -0 2 94 0

COLD-SAW O PERATO R
O p erates high sp eed fr ic tio n cold saw and rela ted m ech a n ica l equipm ent to cut
roun ds, a n g le s, T -b a r s , etc.
SH EET CLEA N ER
S ets up and o p era tes the band le v e le r and scrubbing unit in p ick le h o u se.

B C -00730

Cold Strip and Sh eet M ills
ASSISTANT TANDEM M ILL RO LLER
A s s is ts r o lle r to d ir e c t and ro ll cold s te e l.
COIL F E E D E R
C harges c o ils and o p era tes the u n co iler p r o c e s so r unit during the sh ea rin g
op eration on flyin g sh e a r s.




B D -04970
B F -0 1 4 5 0

46

Selected Departments— Continued
Cold Strip and Sh eet M ills— Continued

CONTINUOUS ANNEALING LINE O PERATO R
O p erates a continuous annealing lin e to anneal a llo y or carbon s te e l strip .

Standard
job code
B E -0 3 31 0

FLYING SHEARM AN
S ets up and o p era tes a flyin g sh ea r to s lit and end sh ea r co ile d strip s te e l to
sh e e ts.

B F -0 5 2 9 0

STRIP IN SPEC T O R
C hecks th ic k n e ss, w idth, len gth , ca m b er, fla tn e s s , su rfa c e d e fe c ts , edge
d e fe c ts , etc. , on a ll m a te r ia l u n co iled and re c o ile d on the c o il h o u se units and
m ak es d isp o sitio n of m a te r ia l.

B F -0 1 9 1 0

TANDEM M ILL F E E D E R

B D -01450

O p erates u n co iler to ch arge c o ils into fir s t stand of th r e e -sta n d tandem m ill.

Tube F in ish in g
C U T -O F F MACHINE O PERATO R
O p erates lath e or r o ll-ty p e m ach in e to cut off, ch a m fer, tr im , b e v e l, or cut
to length.

F H -0 3 0 10

STRAIGHTENER
S ets up and o p era tes stra igh ten in g m ach in e and m ak es n e c e s s a r y m ach in e
ad ju stm en ts to p ro p erly stra ig h ten pip e.

F H -05610

Rod and W ire M ills
BU N D L ER
B undles co iled w ire for sh ip m en t.

GE -00 4 1 0

COILER (ROD M ILL)
O p erates reelin g equipm ent to c o il prod uct.

E C -00780

N A IL-M ACH INE O PER A TO R
S ets up, a d ju sts, and o p era tes n a il m a ch in es.

G L -03580




47

Selected Departments— Continued
Rod and W ire M ills— C ontinued

STRAIGHTEN AND CUT O PER A TO R
O p erates m ach in e to stra ig h ten and cut m a te r ia l.
WIRE DRAW ER (CONTINUOUS M ACHINE)
O p erates one or m o re continuous w ire-d ra w in g m a ch in es to draw w ire.

Standard
job code
G C -04030
G A -01150

All Departments
M aintenance
04860
AUTO M OBILE REPAIRM AN
M akes a ll n e c e s s a r y r e p a ir s, a d ju stm en ts, and in sta lla tio n s to a ll tru ck s and other
g a so lin e p ow ered equipm ent u sed throughout the plant.
BLACKSM ITH
F o r g e s , h a m m e r -w e ld s, and h eat tr e a ts , iro n and s te e l m a te r ia ls in the
co n stru ctio n , m a in ten an ce, and rep a ir of plant equipm ent.

00250

BOILERM AK ER
L ays out, fa b r ic a te s, a s s e m b le s , e r e c ts , or m ak es rep a irs for a ll typ es of
stru ctu ra l, b o iler and p la te w ork.

02140

BRICK LAYER
L ays b rick and p erfo rm s m a so n ry w ork in plant m ain ten an ce and co n stru ctio n .

00360

C A R PE N T E R
P e r fo r m s any type of ca rp en try w ork in the m ain ten an ce and co n stru ctio n of
m ill and o ffice bu ild in gs and equipm ent.

00470

ELECTRICIAN (ARM ATURE WINDER)
01280
T e s ts , d ism a n tle s, r e p a ir s , rew in d s, and a sse m b le s a r m a tu r e s, s ta to r s , r o to r s,
co m m u ta to rs, and field c o ils for any s iz e , typ e, and sty le of e le c tr ic m o to rs and
g en era to rs in shop or fie ld .
EL ECTRICIAN (LINEM AN)
01290
In s ta lls , r e p a ir s, and m ain tain s a ll pow er tr a n sm issio n lin e s , tr a n sfo r m e r s , and
rela ted equipm ent in plant m ain ten an ce and co n str u ctio n s. W orks fro m p ow er to w ers
and pow er d istrib u tio n c e n te r s.




48

All Departments— Continued
Ma int e nanc e— C ont inue d

ELECTRICIAN (SHOP)
In sp e c ts, t e s t s , d ism a n tle s, and m ak es m ech a n ica l and e le c tr ic a l rep a irs to
a ll ty p es of e le c tr ic a l equipm ent w ithin the plant.

Standard
job code
01300

01310
ELEC TR IC IA N (WIREMAN)
W orks on high ten sio n lin e s w hich a re 440 v o lts or m o re. A lso m ay in sp e c t,
rep a ir, in s ta ll, and w ire e le c tr ic a l ap p aratu s, d e v ic e s , and c ir c u its of oth er v o lta g es
ELECTRO NIC REPAIRM AN
I n sta lls, r e p a ir s , c o n str u c ts, a d ju sts, m o d ifie s, and s e r v ic e s a ll typ es of
e le c tr o n ic equipm ent.

06600

INSTRUM ENT REPAIRM AN
In s ta lls , r e p a ir s , c a lib r a te s , te s t s , and adju sts any type of in teg ra tin g , in ­
d ica tin g , or graph ic e le c tr ic a l or m ech a n ica l in stru m en t.

04840

LEAD BU RNER
In sp e c ts, d ism a n tle s, in s ta lls , r e p a ir s , fa b r ic a te s, and te s ts any type of lead
lining or p a rts for p r o c e s s equipm ent.

00430

MACHINIST
S ets up and o p er a tes a ll ty p es of m ach in e tools, and p e rfo rm s a ll ty p es of la y ­
out, fittin g , and a sse m b ly w ork.

02100

MILLWRIGHT
In sp ects, r e p a ir s , r e p la c e s, in s ta lls , a d ju sts, and m ain tain s a ll m ech a n ica l
equipm ent in m ajor producing d ep artm en ts or in an a ssig n e d a rea .

02530

MILLWRIGHT H E L P E R
A s s is ts m illw rig h t to in sp e c t, r e p a ir , r e p la c e , in s ta ll, ad ju st, and m ain tain
a ll m ech a n ica l equipm ent in m ajor producing d ep artm en ts or in an a ssig n e d a rea .

02535

MOTOR IN SPEC TO R
In sp e c ts, r e p a ir s , r e p la c e s, in s ta lls , a d ju sts, and m ain tain s e le c tr ic a l m o to rs
and rela ted co n tro ls w ithin the plant or in d esig n a ted a r e a s.

01900

P A IN T E R
P e r fo r m s in ter io r and e x te r io r hand and sp ra y painting fo r the m ain ten an ce and
co n stru ctio n of m ill and o ffice bu ild in gs and equipm ent.

04330




49

All Departments— Continued
M aintenance— C ontinued
Standard
job code

02310

PA TTER N M A K ER
L ays out, c o n str u c ts, and rep a irs any type of wood pattern and co re box u sed
in foundry.
P IP E F IT T E R
L ays out, in s ta lls , m a in ta in s, and rep a irs a ll types of p ip e lin e s, fittin g s, and
fix tu res in plant m ain ten an ce and co n stru ctio n .

01570

P IP E F IT T E R H E L P E R

01575

A s s is ts p ip efitter in the in sta lla tio n , m a in ten an ce, and rep a ir of a ll types of
p ip e lin e s, fittin g s, and fix tu res in plant m ain ten an ce and co n stru ctio n .
RIGGER
D ism a n tle s, e r e c ts , and m o v es a ll typ es of heavy equipm ent and stru ctu re s in
plant m ain ten an ce and co n stru ctio n .
ROLL TURNER

04930

06010

O p erates ro ll lathe for turning a ll types of new and u sed iro n , s te e l, and a llo y
r o lls to fin ish ed s iz e , con tou r, and su rfa c e for ro llin g any shape or fla t se c tio n .

05310

SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER
P e r fo r m s any tin or sh ee t m eta l w ork in plant m ain ten an ce and co n stru ctio n .

02460

TOOLM AKER
M akes and rep a irs to o ls , jig s , fix tu r e s, g a g e s, te m p le ts, d ie s , m achine
p a r ts, and in stru m en t p a rts.

06120

W ELDER
P e r fo r m s a ll kinds of w eld in g , b ra zin g , and cutting on any type of m eta l.

G en eral Labor
JANITOR
C leans o ffic e s , w ash h o u se s, sa n ita ry sta tio n s, etc.

01930

LABO RER
P e r fo r m s g en e ra l lab or w ork in or about the plant.

01950




50

All Departments— Continued
T ran sp o rta tio n and Y ard
Standard
job code
LOCOM OTIVE CRANEM AN
O p erates any type of m o b ile cra n e to handle or tra n sp o rt to o ls, m a te r ia l,
or equipm ent.

00930

LOCOM OTIVE ENG INEER (G EN ER A L)
O p erates a standard gage d ie s e l e le c tr ic lo co m o tiv e in g en e ra l plant sw itch in g
to m ove freig h t ca rs on sid in g s in the plant and on v a rio u s tra ck s in plant a rea .

01350

P o w er and F u el
FIRST POW ER ENG INEER
O p era tes, in s p e c ts , and ad ju sts gas en gin e, stea m or tu rb o g en era to rs, and
a u x ilia ry equipm ent in p ow erplan t.

01380

M eta llu rg ica l and C h em ical
TEST P R E P A R E R
P r e p a r e s sa m p les for sp ectro g ra p h ic a n a ly sis.

90095

M ETALLURG IC A L ANALYST
C o llects and a n a ly zes data p ertain in g to p erfo rm a n ce of ex p erim en ta l and
s p e c ia l h eats and p r ep a res sp e c ia l rep o rts.

90059




Industry Wage Studies
The m o st recen t rep o rts for in d u stries includ ed in the B u rea u ^ p rog ra m of industryw age su rv ey s sin c e January 1950 a re lis te d b elo w . T h ose fo r w hich a p r ic e is show n a re
a v a ila b le fro m the Su perintendent of D o cu m en ts, U. S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffice, W ash­
ington, D. C. , 20402, or any of its reg io n a l s a le s o ffic e s . T h ose fo r w hich a p r ic e is not
show n m ay be obtained fr e e as long as a supply is a v a ila b le, fro m the B u reau of Labor
S ta tis tic s , W ashington, D. C. , 20212, or fro m any of the reg io n a l o ffic e s show n on the in sid e
back co v er.

I. Occupational Wage Studies
M anufacturing
B a s ic Iron and S te e l, 1962. BLS B u lletin 1358 (30 cen ts).
Candy and O ther C on fection ery P ro d u cts, 1965. BL S B u lletin 1520 (30 cen ts).
* Canning and F r e e z in g , 1957. BLS R eport 136.
C igar M anufacturing, 1967. BL S B u lletin 1581 (25 cen ts).
C ig a rette M anufacturing, 1965. BL S B u lletin 1472 (20 cen ts).
Cotton T e x tile s , 1965. BL S B u lletin 1506 (40 cen ts).
D istille d L iq u o rs, 1952. S e r ie s 2, N o. 88.
F a b rica ted S tru ctu ral S te e l, 1964. BL S B u lletin 1463 (30 cen ts).
F e r tiliz e r M anufacturing, 1966. BLS B u lletin 1531 (30 cen ts).
F lo u r and O ther G rain M ill P ro d u cts, 1967. BLS B u lletin 1576 (25 cen ts).
F lu id M ilk Ind ustry, 1964. BLS B u lletin 1464 (30 cen ts).
F o o tw ea r, 1965. BL S B u lletin 1503 (50 cen ts).
H o sie r y , 1964. BL S B u lletin 1456 (45 cen ts).
In d u stria l C h em ica ls, 1965. BLS B u lletin 1529 (40 cen ts).
Iron and S teel F o u n d ries, 1962. BL S B u lletin 1386 (40 cen ts).
L eath er Tanning and F in ish in g , 1963. BL S B u lletin 1378 (40 cen ts).
M ach in ery M anufacturing, 1966. BL S B u lletin 1563 (70 cen ts).
M eat P ro d u cts, 1963. BLS B u lletin 1415 (75 cen ts).
M en 's and Boys* S h irts (E xcept W ork S h irts) and N igh tw ear, 1964. BL S B u lletin 1457 (40 cen ts).
M en 's and B o y s' Suits and C oats, 1963. BLS B u lletin 1424 (65 cen ts).
M isc ella n e o u s P la s tic s P ro d u cts, 1964. BL S B u lletin 1439 (35 cen ts).
M isc ella n e o u s T e x tile s, 1953. BLS R eport 56.
M otor V eh icles and M otor V eh icle P a r ts , 1963. BLS B u lletin 1393 (45 cen ts).
N o n ferro u s F o u n d ries, 1965. BLS B u lletin 1498 (40 cen ts).
P a in ts and V a rn ish es, 1965. BLS B u lletin 1524 (40 cen ts).
P ap erb oard C ontainers and B o x e s, 1964. BLS B u lletin 1478 (70 cen ts).
P etro leu m R efin in g, 1965. BLS B u lletin 1526 (30 cen ts).
P r e s s e d or B low n G la ss and G la ssw a r e , 1964. BLS B u lletin 1423 (30 cen ts).
^ P r o c e s s e d W aste, 1957. BLS R eport 124.
P u lp , P a p er, and P ap erb oard M ills, 1962. BLS B u lletin 1341 (40 cen ts).
R adio, T e le v isio n , and R elated P ro d u cts, 1951. S e r ie s 2, N o. 84.
R ailroad C a rs, 1952. S e r ie s 2, N o. 86.
* Raw Sugar, 1957. BLS R eport 136.
Southern S a w m ills and P lan in g M ills , 1965. BLS B u lletin 1519 (30 cen ts).
S tru ctu ral C lay P ro d u cts, 1964. B L S B u lletin 1459 (45 cen ts).
Synthetic F ib e r s , 1966. BL S B u lletin 1540 (30 cen ts).
Synthetic T e x tile s , 1965. BLS B u lletin 1509 (40 cen ts).
T ex tile D yeing and F in ish in g , 1965—66. BLS B u lletin 1527 (45 cen ts).
* T ob acco Stem m in g and R ed ryin g, 1957. BL S R eport 136.
W est C oast S a w m illin g , 1964. BL S B u lletin 1455 (30 cen ts).
W om en's and M is s e s ' C oats and S u its, 1965. BLS B u lletin 1508 (25 cen ts).
* Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.




I. Occupational Wage Studies----Continued
M anufacturing-— Continue d
W om en's and M isses* D r e s s e s , 1966. BLS B u lletin 1538 (30 cen ts).
W ood H ou sehold F u rn itu re, E x cep t U p h o lstered , 1965. BL S B u lletin 1496 (40 cen ts).
* W ooden C o n ta in ers, 1957. BL S R eport 126.
W ool T e x tile s , 1966. BLS B u lletin 1551 (45 cen ts).
W ork C lothing, 1964. BLS B u lletin 1440 (35 c e n ts).
N onm anufacturing
Auto D ea ler R ep air Sh ops, 1964. BL S B u lletin 1452 (30 cen ts).
B anking, 1964. BL S B u lletin 1466 (30 cen ts).
B itu m in ou s C oal M ining, 1962. BLS B u lletin 1383 (45 cen ts).
C om m u n ication s, 1966. BL S B u lletin 1582 (20 cen ts).
C ontract C leaning S e r v ic e s , 1965. BL S B u lletin 1507 (30 cen ts).
Crude P e tr o le u m and N atural G as P ro d u ctio n , I960. BL S R eport 181.
D ep artm en t and W om en's R ea d y -to -W ea r S to r e s, 1950. S e r ie s 2, N o. 78.
E ating and D rinking P la c e s , 1966—67. BLS B u lletin 1588 (40 cen ts).
E le c tr ic and G as U tilitie s , 1962. BL S B u lletin 1374 (50 cen ts).
H o sp ita ls, 1966. BLS B u lletin 1553 (70 cen ts).
H o tels and M o tels, 1966—67. BL S B u lletin 1587 (40 cen ts).
Laundry and C leaning S e r v ic e s , 1966. BLS B u lletin 1544 (60 cen ts).
L ife In su ran ce, 1966. BLS B u lletin 1569 (30 cen ts).
M otion P ic tu r e T h ea ters, 1966. BLS B u lletin 1542 (35 cen ts).
N u rsin g H om es and R elated F a c ilitie s , 1965. BL S B u lletin 1492 (45 cen ts).

II. Other Wage Studies

F a cto ry W orkers* E arn in gs— D istrib u tio n by S tra ig h t-T im e H ourly E a rn in g s, 1958.
BL S B u lletin 1252 (40 cen ts).
F a cto ry W orkers 1 E a rn in g s— S e lec ted M anufacturing In d u stries, 1959.
BL S B u lletin 1275 (35 cen ts).
E m p loy ee E a rn in g s and H ours in N on m etrop olitan A rea s of the South and N orth C en tral
R eg io n s, 1965. BLS B u lletin 1552 (50 cen ts).
E m p loy ee E arn in gs and H ours in E ight M etrop olitan A rea s of the South, 1965.
BLS B u lletin 1533 (40 cen ts).
E m p loy ee E arn in gs and H ours in R eta il T rad e, June 1965—
R eta il T rade (O v era ll Su m m ary). BLS B u lletin 1501 (50 cen ts).
F ood S to r e s. BLS B u lletin 1501-3 (30 cen ts).
F u rn itu re, H om e F u rn ish in g s, and H ousehold A pp liance S to r e s. BLS B u lletin 1501-6
(40 cen ts).
M isc ella n e o u s S to r e s. BLS B u lletin 1501-7 (30 cen ts).
E m p loy ee E arn in gs and H ours in R eta il T rad e, June 1966—
B uilding M a te r ia ls, H ard w are, and F a rm Equipm ent D e a le r s. BLS B u lletin 1584-1
(30 cen ts).
G en eral M erch a n d ise S to r e s. BLS B u lletin 1584-2 (55 cen ts).
A u tom otive D e a le r s and G a so lin e S e rv ice S tatio n s. BLS B u lletin 1584-4 (50 c en ts).
A p p arel and A c c e s s o r y S to r e s. BLS B u lletin 1584-5 (55 cen ts).

* Studies of the effects of the $1 minimum wage.




* U.S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1968 0 - 3 2 4 - 4 1 6

\

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7716 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
O F FI Cl A L BUSIN ESS




aH IR D CLASS MAIL” !
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