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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Frances Perkins, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Isador L ubin , Commissioner (on leave)
A* F . H inrichs, Acting Commissioner

*

Impact o f the W ar on Employment in
181 Centers o f War Activity

Bulletin No. 826

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE - WASHINGTON - 1943
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.




Price 10 cents

Letter of Transmittal
U nited States D epartment op L abor ,
B ureau of L abor Statistics ,

Washington, D. C.y April S9 19&o.
T he Secretary

of

L abor :

I have the honor to transmit herewith a report on the impact of the war on em ploy­
ment in 181 centers of war activity. The report was prepared in the E m ploym ent and
Occupational Outlook Branch, Hugh B . Killough, Chief.

T he estimates o f employ­

m ent in the 181 areas were prepared in the Em ploym ent Statistics Division b y the
staff of the Area Studies Section, under the supervision of M arion Hayes.
A . F. H inrichs , Acting Com m issioner.

H on . F rances P erkins ,




Secretary of Labor.

(II)

Contents
Page

Page

Fort W ayne (Ind.) A rea........................... 10
2
2 Fort W orth (Tex.) A rea............................ 10
Alexandria (L a .) A rea....................................
2 Gadsen (Ala.) A rea...................................... 11
Allentown-Bethlehem (P a .-N . J.) Area. 2 Galveston (Tex.) A rea............................... 11
Akron (Ohio) A rea................................
Albany-Schenectady-Troy (N . Y . ) Area

Amarillo (Tex.) A rea..................: ................
Anderson (Ind.) A rea....................................
Anniston (Ala.) A rea.....................................

2 Grand Rapids (M ich.) A rea.................... 11
2 Hagerstown (M d .) A rea............................ 11
3 Ham pton Roads (Va.) A rea.................... 11

3 Harrisburg (Pa.) A rea................................ 11
3 Hartford (Conn.) A rea.............................. 12
Baltimore (M d .) A rea................................... 3 Hastings (Nebr.) A rea............................... 12
Bath (Maine) A rea........................................
3 Hattiesburg (M iss.) A rea......................... 12
Atlanta (Ga.) A re a ........................................
Augusta-Aiken (G a.-S. C .) A rea...........

Baton Rouge (La.) A rea..............................
Battle Creek (M ich.) A rea.........................

3 Houston (Tex.) A rea.................................. 12
4 Hum boldt (Tenn.) A rea............................ 12
Huntington (W . V a .-O h io-K y.) Area . 12

Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange (Tex.)
A rea..................................................................

4 Huntsville (Ala.) A rea...............................

13

Biloxi-Gulfport (M iss.) A rea......................

4 Indianapolis (Ind.) A rea...........................

13

Binghamton (N . Y .) A rea...........................

4 Jackson (M ich.) A rea................................. 13

Birmingham (Ala.) A rea..............................

4 Jacksonville (Fla.) A rea............................

Boston (M ass.) A rea.....................................

4 Jamestown (N . Y .) A rea........................... 13

Bridgeport-New Haven-W aterbury
(Conn.) A rea.................................................

5

Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol
(Tenn.-Va.) A rea.....................................

13

13

5 Kansas C ity (M o .-K an s.) A rea............. 14
Brockton-Hingham (M ass.) A rea.........
5 Kenosha (W is.) A rea.................................. 14
Brunswick (G a.) A rea...................................
5 Knoxville-Alcoa (Tenn.) A rea................ 14
Buffalo (N . Y .) A rea.....................................
5 Lafayette (Ind.) A rea................................ 14

Bridgeton-Salem (N . J.) A rea...................

6 Lake Charles (La.) A rea........................... 14
6 Lancaster (Pa.) A rea.................................. 14

Burlington (Iowa) A rea...............................
B um s C ity (Ind.) A rea................................

6 Lansing (M ich.) A rea................... ..........15
6 Las Vegas (N ev.) A rea.............................. 15

Canton (Ohio) A rea.......................................
Cedar Rapids (Iowa) A rea.........................

6 Lima (Ohio) A rea......................................... 15
6 Lincoln (Nebr.) A rea.................................. 15
7 Little R ock (Ark.) A rea............................ 15

Charleston (S. C .) A re a...............................
Charleston (W . V a .) A rea...........................
Charlotte (N . C .) A rea.................................

7 Long Branch (N . J.) A rea....... ................ 15
15
7 Los Angeles (Calif.) A rea..................
7 Louisville (K y .-In d .) A rea....................... 16

Chattanooga (Tenn.) A r e a ........................
Chicago (Ill.-Ind.) A rea...............................
Cincinnati (O hio-K y.) A rea.......................
Cleveland (Ohio) A rea.................................

7 M acon (Ga.) A rea....................................... 16
8 Madison-Baraboo (W is.) A rea............... 16

Columbia (S. C .) A rea..................................

8 Manitowoc (W is.) A rea............................. 16
8 Mansfield (Ohio) A rea............................... 16
8 Marion (Ind.) A rea................................ , . 17

Columbus (G a.-A la.) A rea..........................
Columbus (Ohio) A rea..................................
Coming-Elmira (N . Y .) A rea....................
Corpus Christi (Tex.) A rea........................

8 Memphis (Tenn.) A rea.............................. 17
M iam i (Fla.) A rea....................................... 17

Dallas (Tex.) A rea.......................................

8

Dayton-Springfield (Ohio) A re a ............

9

Michigan C ity (Ind.) A rea.......................

17

Denver (Colo.) A rea...................................

9

Milwaukee (W is.) A r e a ............................

17

D es Moines (Iowa) A rea...........................

9

Minneapolis-St. Paul (M inn.) A r e a .. .

17

Detroit (M ich.) A rea..................................

9

Mobile (Ala.) A rea......................................

18

Duluth-Superior (M in n .-W is.) A i m . . .

9

Morristown (N . J.) A rea...........

18

Elkton (M d .) A rea......................................

9

Muncie (Ind.) A rea.................... ................ 18

10 Muscle Shoals (Ala.) A rea...................... 18
Evansville (Ind.) A rea................................. 10 Muskegon (M ich.) A rea......... . ................ 18
F all River-New Bedford (M ass.) Area. 10 Nashville (Tenn.) A rea.............................. 18

Erie (Pa.) A rea.............................................

Flint (M ich.) A r e a .......................................




10 New London (Conn.) A rea...................... 19

(HI)

Contents—Continued
Page
Page
19 Salt Lake C ity (Utah) A rea.................... 26
Newport (R . I .) A rea................................. 19 San Antonio (Tex.) A re a .......................... 26
N ew Y ork City-Newark-Jersey C ity
San Diego (Calif.) A re a ................................26
(N . Y .-N . J.) A re a ...................‘ ............. 19 Sandusky (Ohio) A rea................................ 26
N ew Orleans (La.) A rea...........................

Ogden (Utah) A rea...................................... 19
Oklahoma C ity (Okla.) A rea..................

San Francisco B a y (Calif.) A rea............ 26

20

San Jose (Calif.) A rea................................

27

Omaha (Nebr.-Iowa) A rea....................... 20

Santa A na (Calif.) A rea............................... 27

Ottaw a (111.) A rea........................................ 20

Savannah (G a.) A rea.................................. 27

Panama C ity (Fla.) A rea............................ 20

Seattle-Tacoma (W ash.) A rea................ 27
Parsons (Kans.) A rea.................................... 20 Shreveport-Minden (La.) A rea.............. 27
Pascagoula (M iss.) A rea........................... 20 Somerville (N . J.) A rea............................. 27
Pensacola (Fla.) A rea....................................20 South Bend (Ind.) A rea............................ 28
Peoria (111.) A rea.........................................

21

Spartanburg (S. C .) A rea.........................

28

Petersburg-Hopewell (Va.) A rea........... 21

Spokane (W ash.) A re a ............................... 28

Philadelphia-Camden (P a .-N . J.) Area 21

Springfield-Claremont (V t.-N .H .) Area 28

Phoenix (Ariz.) A rea...................................21

Springfield-Decatur (111.) A rea............... 28

Pine Bluff (Ark.) A rea............................... 21

Springfield-Holyoke (M ass.) A rea.........28

Piqua-Sidney (Ohio) A re a...........................22

Stockton (Calif.) A rea...............................

Pittsburgh (Pa.) A rea................................ 22

Sturgeon B ay (W is.) A rea........................ 29

Pittsfield (M ass.) A rea.............................. 22

Syracuse (N . Y .) A rea...............................

Portland (Maine) A rea.............................. 22
Portland-Van couver (Oreg.-W ash.)
A rea...............................................................22

Talladega-Childersburg (Ala.) A r e a .. .

29

T am pa (Fla.) A rea......................................

29

Portsmouth (N . H .) A r e a ........................ 22
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh ( N . Y .) A rea. 23

Texarkana (Tex.-A rk.) A rea...................... 30

Providence (R . I .) A rea............................ 23
Provo (Utah) A rea...................................... 23

Trenton (N . J.) A rea.................................. 30
Tucson (Ariz.) A rea.................................... 30

Pueblo (Colo.) A rea.................................... 23
Quonset-W esterly (R . I .) A rea................. 23

Tulsa (Okla.) A rea...... ...................................30

R ichm ond (V a.) A rea....................................24
Riverside-San Bernardino (Calif.) Area 24

Wheeling (W . Va.-O hio) A rea.................. 31

Rochester (N . Y .) A rea............................. 24

Williamsport (Pa.) A rea............................ 32

29
29

Terre Haute (Ind.) A rea........................... 29
Toledo (Ohio) A rea....................................... 30

Utica-Rom e (N . Y .) A rea......................... 30
Racine (W is.) A rea...................................... 23 Vallejo-Napa (Calif.) A rea........................ 31
Radford-Pulaski (Y a .) A rea.................... 24 Ventura (Calif.) A rea................................... 31
R avenn a (Ohio) A rea......... ..........................24 W aco (Tex.) A re a .......................................... 31
R ichm ond (Ind.) A rea............................... 24 Washington (D . C ;-M d .-V a .) A re a----- 31

Rockford-Beloit-Janesville (111. -'W is.)
A rea..................................................................25
R ock Island-M oline-Davenport (111.Io w a )A r e a .....................................................25

W ichita (Kans.) A rea................................... 31
Wilmington (D el.) A rea............................

32

W ilmington (N . C .) A rea.........................

32

Sacramento (Calif.) A rea.............................25

Winston-Salem-Greensboro (N . C .)
A rea...............................................................

32

Saginaw (M ich.) A rea................................... 25

Worcester (M ass.) A rea............................

32

St. Louis (M o .-U l.) A rea........................... 25

Youngstown (Ohio-Pa.) A rea.....................32




(IV)

Bulletin N o. 826 of the
U nited States Bureau of Labor Statistics

Impact o f the W ar on Employment
in 1 8 1 Centers o f W ar Activity
This bulletin presents estimates of wartime changes in employment
in 181 areas. Data previously released (mimeographed) on 72 of the
areas are included. Similar data for more recent months will appear
later.
The periods chosen for employment comparisons are April 1940 (for
which data are available from the United States Census of Population);
November 1943 (a month near the peak of war production); May 1944;
and September 1944. Estimates of civilian employment in manu­
facturing establishments and in other nonagricultural establishments
are given for these dates for each area. Estimates of employment in
several of the more important industries in each area are presented
separately, wherever this can be done without disclosing data from
individual firms. Employment in military and naval establishments
is also shown separately in areas where such employment is relatively
large. United States Census estimates of population for November
1943 are given for comparison with April 1940 population in each area.
In compiling the estimates of area employment presented herewith,
the Bureau has supplemented its manufacturing employment statistics
for metropolitan districts with other employment statistics that it
collects currently and with data from the War Manpower Commission,
State unemployment compensation commissions, State departments
of labor, and other sources. These estimates, presented in absolute
numbers, will be more useful measures of wartime dislocations than
the indexes heretofore published by the Bureau. More particularly
the data hitherto available covered only manufacturing employment,
and no break-down of these figures was available for the leading in­
dustries within the community.
The statistical data given in the following pages are believed suf­
ficiently reliable to serve as useful background against which to judge
changes required to reconvert from wartime to peacetime production.
The figures are, however, preliminary. There are no data at this time
sufficiently complete and comparable to permit refined comparisons
between cities. The Bureau is now engaged in the preparation of
more accurate estimates of employment, by States, and as a byproduct
of such studies will be able to revise the estimates for many areas. In
the meantime, the figures here presented show the general magnitude
of the changes that the war has brought to individual communities.




1

2
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Akron Area
(Includes Summit County, Ohio)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

95,500
55,000
40,500

173,500
129,000
44,500

160,000
117,000
43,000

157,500
115,000
42,500

Selected industries:
Rubber products........................................................
Transportation equipment........................................

136,000
500

74,000
30,500

72,000
25,500

72,000
24,300

339,405

363,652

Albamy-Schemectady-Troy Area2
(Includes Albany, Rensselaer and Schenectady
Counties, N. Y .)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

143,000
56,000
87,000

200,000
105,000
95,000

192,000
98,000
94,000

189,000
96,000
93,000

Selected industries:
Electrical machinery................... .............................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Apparel, other fabricated textile products...............
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)----

i 18,000
i 1,500
7,500
300

45,000
7,700
6,700
7,300

40,000
8,300
6,400
7,200

37,500
8,400
6,200
7,700

465,500

446,558

13,800
3,500
10,300

20,300
3,800
16,500

19,900
3.500
16,400

20,100
3,400
16,700

5,200

5,500

Alexandria Area
(Includes Rapides and Grant Parishes, La.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

400

4,900

Civilian population............................................................

89,303

104,078

A llentow n-Bethlehem Area
(Includes Lehigh and Northampton Counties, Pa.;
Warren County, N. J.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

119,000
72,000
47,000

149,500
102,000
47,500

140,500
96,000
44,500

138,500
94,000
44,500

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products............................
Machinery............ ...................................................
Transportation equipment........................................

20,800
3,600
3,100

39,000
9,500
6,700

36,000
8,800
7,100

36,500
8,800
6,900

Civilian population................................... ........................
*
Am arillo Area
(Includes Potter County, Tex.)

396,673

381,508

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

16,000
2,300
13,700

24,200
5,000
19,200

23,600
5,300
18,300

23,300
5,000
18,300

1,900

1,800

1,800

54,265

58,042

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

23,200
14,000
9,200

38,500
29,500
9,000

38,000
29,500
8,500

38,100
29,500
8,600

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; machinery.....................
Ordnance and accessories; iron and steel and their
products......................................................................

8,600

19,000

19,500

18,000

1,000

6,300

6,100

7,200

Civilian population....................................... .....................

88,575

91,707

Selected industries:3
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
Civilian population...........................................................
Anderson Area
(Includes Madison County, Ind.)

1 Estimated.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
3 Expansion occurred chiefly in the ordnance industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.




3
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

A nn iston Area
(Includes Calhoun County, Ala.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
M an iifacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

12,200
7,200
5,000

21,000
10,100
10,900

21,500
10,000
11,500

22,800
9,900
12,900

Selected industries:
Textile-mill products.................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

3,400
300

5,000
1,300

4,900
1,600

4,700
1,600

Civilian population............................................................

62,155

70,610

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

144,500
39,500
105,000

186,000
62,000
124,000

191,000
69,000
122,000

193,000
71,000
122,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment, except automobiles.. . .
Textile-mill products.................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

200
7,800
900

13,400
10,700
16,400

23,300
9,900
16,600

25,500
9,300
16,900

Civilian population............................................................

515,533

529,277

26,800
12,200
14,600

36,300
16,400
19,900

35,000
15,100
19,900

34,300
14,700
19,600

7,900
100

10,400
4,500

9,600
5,100

9,300
5,100

131,253

134,979

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

332,000
132,000
200,000

502,000
280,000
222,000

477,000
260,000
217,000

458,000
242,000
216,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Electrical machinery..................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

18,300
32,000
12,600
600

128,000
32,000
24,900
7,200

116,000
32,000
20,600
8,300

100,000
33,000
18,900
8,500

14,200
12,500
1,700

13,100
11,400
1,700

Atlanta Area
(Includes Cobb, DeKalb, and Fulton Counties, Ga.)

Augusta-Aiken Area
(Includes Richmond County, Ga.; Aiken County, S. C.'
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing.........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................
Selected industries:
Textile-mill products.................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___
Civilian population
Baltim ore Area1
2
*
(Includes Baltimore City and Baltimore County, Md.)

Civilian population............................................................ 1,011,793 1,130,366
Bath Area
(Includes Sagadahoc County, Maine)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:

15,000
13,000
2,000

5,400
3,500
1,900
(4
)

•

(4
)

(4
)

(4
)

19,106

20,643

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

22,900
7,100
15,800

39,600
13,100
26,500

36,200
14,000
22,200

35,200
14,200
21,000

Selected industries:
Petroleum products; chemicals and allied products.
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)

5,400

10,400
1,600

11,400
1,800

11,400
1,900

Civilian population............................................................

88,415

107,066

Civilian population............................................................
B aton R ouge Area
(Includes East Baton Rouge Parish, La.)

1 Estimated.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
* Expansion occurred chiefly in the shipbuilding industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.




4
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

B attle Creek Area
(Includes Calhoun County, Mich.)
24,700
11,900
12,800

43,300
25,500
17,800

40,800
23,600
17,200

40,500
23,100
17,400

i,900
2,900
300

11,000
3,800
2,600
2,600

8,900
3,700
2,800
2,500

8,900
3,700
2,800
2,500

94,206

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing.. .........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

99,590

42,100
17,500
24,600

90,500
50,000
40,500

83,500
53,000
30,500

80,000
52,000
28,000

13,400

13,700

Selected industries: .
Machinery...................................................................
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)----

B eau m on t-P ort Arthur-O range Area
(Includes Jefferson and Orange Counties, Texas)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:4
Products of petroleum and coal................................

12,000

13,000

pnpiilation.......................................... .................

162,678

223,989

11,500
4,300
7,200

19,800
5,200
14,600

17,800
4,100
13,700

19,000
4,900
14,100

3,800

3,500

3,900

50,651

65,505

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

53,200
30,500
22,700

64,700
44,000
20,700

63,100
43,000
20,100

62,200
42,000
20,200

Selected industries:
Leather and leather products....................................
Ordnance and accessories; machinery; aircraft and
parts.............................................................................

18,400

17,900

17,500

17,400

4,300

14,600

13,800

13,000

Civilian population............................... ............................

165,749

6 164,443

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing.............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

119,000
40,000
79,000

140,000
58,000
82,000

139,000
61,000
78,000

137,000
60,000
77,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Transportation equipment........................................
Ordnance and accessories................................. ..

23,900
700

29,500
6,500
1,700

28,500
10,200
3,100

28,000
8,800
3,700

Civilian population............................................................

459,930

470,383

775,000
295,000
480,000

915,000
485,000
430,000

885,000
465,000
420,000

860,000
445,000
415,000

C iv i li a n

B iloxi-G ulfport Area
(Includes Harrison County, Miss.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___
Civilian population..................................... ......................
B ingham ton Area2
(Includes Broome County, N. Y.)

B irm ingham Area
(Includes Jefferson County, Ala.)

B oston Area
(Includes Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk and Suffolk
Counties, Mass.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.......................

2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
4 Expansion occurred chiefly in the shipbuilding industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
6 State officials have estimated population in November 1943 to have been less than 160,000.




5
Estimates o f Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment
Boston Area— Continued
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................
Electrical machinery..................................................
Textile-mill products..................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

April
1940

20,500
18,000
54,000
1,000

November
1943

100,000
70,000
67,000
18,400

May
1944

September
1944

91,000
75,000
63,000
19,600

81,000
76,000
59,000
19,800

Civilian population............................................................ 2,652,909 2,514,203
Bridgeport-N ew Haven-W aterbury Area
(Includes Fairfield and New Haven Counties, Conn.)
Civilian employment in nonagriculturial establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

297,000
162,000
135,000

412,000
285,000
127,000

383,000
260,000
123,000

376,000
255,000
121,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Machinery........................ .........................................
Nonferrous metals and their products.....................
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . . .

19,000
«25,000
33,000
2,600

85,000
46,500
36,500
24,700

70,000
43,000
32,000
24,500

68,000
41,500
30,500
22,900

Civilian population............................................................

902,700

912,028

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

29,600
17,800
11,800

42,300
30,000
12,300

40,400
28,500
11,900

42,400
30,500
11,900

Selected industries:
Chemicals and allied products..................................
Stone, clay, and glass products.................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

4,800
5,400
200

8,900
8,500
1,200

9,700
8,000
1,200

10,000
7,500
1,200

Civilian population............................................. .............

115,250

115,969

43,500
21,100
22,400

69,000
48,500
20,500

64,500
44,500
20,000

61,100
41,000
20,100

23,000

20,000

B ridgeton-Salem Area
(Includes Cumberland and Salem Counties, N. J.)

B rockton-H ingham Area
(Includes Plymouth County, Mass.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; ordnance and acces­
sories............................................................................

700

27,000

Civilian population............................................... .............

168,568

163,537

5,700
2,100
3,600

24,900
17,900
7,000

22,600
17,800
4,800

21,500
16,700
4,800

400

400

400

21,920

41,898

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

269,000
124,000
145,000

416,000
260,000
156,000

401,000
248,000
153,000

389,000
238,000
151,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment, except automobiles.. . .
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Machinery...................................................................
Chemicals and allied products..................................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

7,600
28,000
12,200
12,600
100

99,000
37,000
24,100
18,600
9,100
3,300

94,000
37,000
23,100
18,200
7,700
3,700

86,000
38,000
23,100
18,300
8,000
3,800

Civilian population........ ...................................................

957,677

961,345

Brunswick Area
(Includes Glynn County, Ga.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.......................
Selected industries:4
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
Civilian population............................................................
B u ffalo Area
(Includes Erie and Niagara Counties, N. Y.)

1 Estimated.
4 Expansion occurred chiefly in the shipbuilding industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
6 Adjusted to allow for under-reporting.




6
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

B urlington Area
(Includes Des Moines County, Iowa)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

8.900
3,000
5.900

17,200
10,100
7,100

15,100
8,300
6,800

15,800
9,000
6,800

6,800

5,300

6,000

36,804

39,690

1,100
500
600

7,500
400
7,100

8,600
400
8,200

9,400
400
9,000

( 7)

( 7)

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; transportation equip­
ment .......................................................................
Civilian population.
Burns C ity Area
(Includes Martin County, Ind.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing......................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments................
Selected industries:

( 7)

10,300

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

80,000
42.500
37.500

115,000
79.000
36.000

112,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products...........................
Machinery..................................................................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................

24,100
5,000

33,000
22,300
7,000

30,500
22,000

Civilian population............................................................

303,703

310,617

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

22,700
7,500
15,200

Selected industries:
Machinery..................................................................
Food and kindred products.....................................
Civilian population..........................................................

(7)

9,463

Civilian population......................................................
C anton Area
(Includes Stark and Tuscarawas Counties, Ohio)

77.000
35.000

110,500
76,000
34,500

8,200

30,000
22,100
7,300

30,900
16,600
14,300

30,200
16,700
13,500

29,900
16,300
13,600

1,400
4,200

7,500
6,100

7,700
6,000

7,300
5,800

89,142

87,246

25,400
9,600
15,800

62,000
35.500
26.500

60,800
36,000
24,800

59.000
34.000
25.000

6,900

7,500

7,600

117,694

161,819

167,195

69.900
16.900
53,000

83.500
30.500
53,000

81,000
30.000
51.000

80.500
29.500
51,000

8,000
1,600

16,300
4,000
1,100

16,400
3,500
1,200

16,500
3,600

275,996

295,809

Cedar Rapids Area
(Includes Linn County, Iowa)

Charleston (S. C.) Area2
(Includes Charleston County, S. C.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................
Selected industries:4
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian).
Civilian population......................................................
Charleston (W. Va.) Area
(Includes Fayette and Kanawha Counties, W. Va.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..................... ....................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................
Selected industries:
Chemicals and allied products............................
Iron and steel and their products.......................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian).
Civilian population......................................................

1,200

2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
4 Expansion occurred chiefly in the shipbuilding industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
7 Expansion occurred chiefly in naval establishments, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
8 Resident population in March 1944, according to a special census. Includes 4,385 members of the
armed forces living off post. Includes 46,825 who migrated into the area after 1940. Local authori­
ties believe the March figure to be low.




Estimates o f Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

114,000
66,000
48,000

128,000
82,000
46,000

126,000
82,000
44,000

129,000
81,000
48,000

54,000

63,000

60,000

58,000

800

6,900
2,100

10,700
2,200

10,500
2,300

367,956

355,069

50,500
23,000
27,500

60,000
32,500
27,500

57,000
30,500
26,500

56,000
30,000
26,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.......................
Textile-mill products............................................
Chemicals and allied products............................
Machinery.............................................................

5,600
8,200
700
800

7,700
7,700
3,700
2,300

6,900
7,300
2,800
2,800

6,400
7,100
3,100
2,500

Civilian population......................................................

180,478

179,269

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments. 1,590,000 1,950,000 1,920,000
Manufacturing..........................................................
660,000 1,010,000 1,000,000
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
940,000
920,000
930,000

1,900,000
990,000
910,000

C harlotte Area
(Includes Cabarrus, Gaston, Mecklenburg and Rowan
Counties, N. C.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................
Selected industries:
Textile-mill products............................................
Ordnance and accessories; iron and steel and their
products.................................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian).
Civilian population......................................................
C hattanooga Area2
(Includes Hamilton County, Tenn.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing......................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.................

C hicago Area2
(Includes Cook, Du Page, Kane, Lake and Will Counties,
111.; Lake County, Ind.)

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products...........................
Machinery.................................................................
Food and kindred products.....................................
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . .
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). .
Civilian population..........................................................

144,000
113,000
85,000
10,800
1,700

190,000
181,000
98,000
92,000
34,000

184,000
196,000
96,000
98,000
34,000

180,000
184,000
97,000
111,000
34,500

1,819,108 4,754,483

C incinnati Area2
(Includes Butler and Hamilton Counties, Ohio;
Campbell and Kenton Counties, Ky.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments
Manufacturing............ ...............................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

271,000
.116,000
155,000

373,000
209,000
164,000

360,000
200,000
160,000

358,000
199,000
159,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . .
Machinery.................................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). ..

300
20,500
500

48,500
45,000
7,300

45,000
44,500
7,500

44,000
44,000
7,600

Civilian population..........................................................

905,352

936,501

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

415,000
191,000
224,000

587,000
360,000
227,000

565,000
345,000
220,000

558,000
340,000
218,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.........................
Machinery, except electrical..................................
Transportation equipment, except automobiles..
Electrical machinery..............................................
Nonferrous metals and their p r o d u c t s .. ..........
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)..

62,000
126,000
4,700
i 11,900
8,500
200

78,000
76,000
59,000
30,500
17,900
5,700

74,000
73,000
49,000
28,000
24,900
6,000

73,000
72,000
50,000
29,000
23,100
6,000

Cleveland Area
(Includes Cuyahoga and Lorain Counties, Ohio)

,329,228
Civilian population............................................................ 1,329,228 1,342,285
1 Estimated.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.




8
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

C olum bia Area
(Includes Lexington and Richland Counties, S. C.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

30,600
7,800
22,800

37,000
9,000
28,000

36,500
8,500
28,000

36,200
8,200
28,000

Selected industries:
Textile-mill products.................................................

4,200

5,500
4,700

5,100
4,800

4,700
4,900

140,833

152,937

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

27,700
14,600
13,100

37,300
20,200
17,100

35,600
18,700
16,900

36,000
18,900
17,100

Selected industries:
Textile-mill products.................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

10,000
1,400

12,700
3,800

11,500
4,300

11,500
4,300

113,695

137,443

113,000
33,000
80,000

167,000
71,000
96,000

162,000
68,000
94,000

160,000
67,000
93,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . . .
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

400
400

25,500
13,500

25,500
12,900

24,700
13,200

Civilian population............................................................

387,644

415,930

38,300
15,300
23,000

55,000
32,000
23,000

54,500
32,000
22,500

52,500
30,000
22,500

15,100

12,800

34,100
3,600
30,500

33,300
3,800
29,500

C olum bu s (Ga.) Area
(Includes Chattahoochee and Muscogee Counties, Ga.;
Russell County, Ala.)

C olum bus (Oblo) Area
(Includes Franklin County, Ohio)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

Corning-E lm ira Area
(Includes Chemung and Steuben Counties. N. Y.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; machinery......................

4,300

15,000

Civilian population............................................................

158,645

155,829

Corpus C hrist! Area
(Includes Nueces County, Tex.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries.............................................................
Civilian population............................................................

20,100
2,600
17,500.
(7
)

36,300
3,300
33,000
(7
)

(7
)

(7
)

92,644

113,403

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

116,500
26,500
90,000

179,000
79,000
100,000

178,000
82,000
96,000

162,000
66,000
96,000

Selected industries:
Aircraft, automobiles, and parts...............................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

1,600

45,500
5,200

49,000
5,700

36,500
5,800

Civilian population............................................................

398,471

442,967

Dallas Area
(Includes Dallas County, Tex.)

1 Expansion occurred chiefly in naval establishments, figures for which cannot be shown separately.




9
Estimates o f Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

D ayton-Springfield Area
(Includes Clark, Greene and Montgomery Counties,
Ohio)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.................... .

123,000
64,000
59,000

208,000
111,000
97,000

197,000
105,000
92,000

195,000
104,000
91,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories........................................
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . .
Machinery.................................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). ..

900
27,000
2,600

42,000
18,000
16,100
38,500

39,000
16,300
15,800
36,000

39,000
16,200
15,400
36,000

Civilian population..........................................................

425,491

482,142

Denver Area
(Includes Adams, Arapahoe, Denver and
Jefferson Counties, Colo.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

108,900
20,900
88,000

152,000
50,000
102,000

134,500
37,500
97,000

135,500
36,500
99,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories........................................
Transportation equipment......................................
Machinery.................................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)...

500
1,700
300

18,700
4,500
2,700
8,500

5,800
5,200
2,700
7,100

4,600
5,700
2,700
7,100

Civilian population..........................................................

403,748

426,663

Des M oines Area
(Includes Polk County, Iowa)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

54,600
11,600
43,000

76,500
34,500
42,000

68,500
27,500
41,000

65,300
24,300
41,000

19,400
1,700

12,700
1,800

9,700
1,900

Civilian population......................................................

194,575

D etroit Area
(Includes Macomb, Oakland, Washtenaw and Wayne
Counties, Mich.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments
Manufacturing..................... ....................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

780,000 1,185,000 1,130,000
430,000
750,000
790,000
395,000
380,000
350,000

1,115,000
740,000
375,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment......................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)

280,000
900

410,000
23,400

400,000
23,400

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; aircraft and parts...
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian).

Civilian population........................................................

September
1944

188,572

430,000
23,600

2,658,700
2,454,633 2,709,944 9

D uluth-Superior Area
(Includes St. Louis County, Minn.;
Douglas County, Wis.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

55,600
8,100
47,500

76,300
24,300
52,000

73,800
23,800
50,000

73,700
23,700
50,000

Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs, ordnance and accessories
Iron and steel and their products...........................

1 100
2,200

12,000
5,100

13,100
4,700

13,300
4,700

Civilian population..........................................................

253,986

228,716

E lkton Area
(Includes Cecil County, Md.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments...................

5,000
1,300
3,700

18,300
12,000
6,300

16,200
10,700
5,500

14,500
9,100
5,400

1,200

1,200

1,200

26,407

32,055

Selected industries:3
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian).
Civilian population.......................................................1

1 Estimated.
3 Expansion occurred chiefly in the ordnance industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
9 Resident population in June 1944, according to a special census. Includes members of the armed
forces living off post. Includes 254,485 persons who migrated into the area after 1940.




10
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Erie Area
(Includes Erie County, Pa.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

48,200
26,000
22,200

68,100
48,000
20,100

65,800
46,000
19,800

64,100
44,500
19,600

Selected industries:
Machinery..................................................................
Iron and steel and their products............................
Aircraft and parts; and rubber products.................

8,400
6,700
1 700

18,400
8,800
8,300

16,500
8,200
8,000

15,800
8,000
7,200

180,813

185,179

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

37,800
18,500
19,300

84,100
63,000
21,100

75,400
55,000
20,400

75,100
55,000
20,100

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................
Machinery; ordnance and accessories....................

2,300
7,100

36,000
16,300

39,500
4,900

39,500
6,900

Evansville Area2
(Includes Vanderburgh County, Ind.)

130,746

151,245

Fall River-New Bedford Area1
0
(Includes Bristol County, Mass.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

113,000
71,000
42,000

125,000
87,000
38,000

120,000
83,000
37,000

117,000
80,000
37,000

Selected industries:
Textile-mill products.................................................
Machinery.................................................................

35,000
3,300

34,000
13,100

32,500
12,700

31,500
11,400

Civilian population................................... .......................

364,604

342,529

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

64,700
41,500
23,200

94,400
72,000
22,400

83,100
62,000
21,100

82,800
62,000
20,800

Selected industries:
Aircraft, automobiles, and parts...............................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................

36,500

43,500
23,800

33,500
23,800

33,500
23,600

Civilian population............................................................

227,944

228,183

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

44,300
19,300
25,000

69,500
44,000
25,500

68,400
43,500
24,900

68,300
43,500
24,800

Selected industries:
Electrical machinery..................................................
Transportation equipment........................................
Machinery except electrical; ordnance and aceessories............................................................................

1 7,100
2,200

22,700
10,100

23,300
10,300

23,000
8,600

12,000

4,600

3,600

5,700

Civilian population............................................................

155,084

152,686

58,500
14,000
44,500

105,000
53,000
52,000

95,000
45,000
50,000

93,500
43,500
50,000

3,600

3,500

3,600

225,521

267,856

F lint Area
(Includes Genesee County, Mich.)

F ort W ayne Area
(Includes Allen County, Ind.)

F ort W orth Area
(Includes Tarrant County, Tex.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
Civilian population............................................................

1 Estimated.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
1 Adjusted to exclude several hundred residents of the area who commuted to the Naval Torpedo
0
Station at Newport, R. I.




11
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Gadsden Area
(Includes Etowah County, Ala.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

15,100
9,800
5,300

22,200
14,700
7,500

20,900
14,000
6,900

21,100
14,300
6,800

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products; ordnance and
accessories...................................................................
Textile-mill products.................................................

5,000
2,600

6,400
4,000
1,600

6,300
3,600
1,500

6,300
3,500
1,600

Civilian population..................-........................................

72,580

77,085

24,000
4,700
19,300

39,200
11,200
28,000

35,000
11,000
24,000

34,300
11,200
23,100

2,100

2,400

Galveston Area
(Includes Galveston County, Tex.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:4
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

700

2,500

79,798

94,314

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

67,000
30,500
36,500

75,500
42,500
33,000

73,500
41,500
32,000

73,500
42,000
31,500

Selected industries:
Aircraft and parts; ordnance and accessories........
Machinery...................................................................

i 100
4,400

23,500
2,800

21,000
5,900

20,800
5,600

Civilian Population....................................................

246,338

231,381

Hagerstown Area
(Includes Washington County, Md.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..................... .......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

15,900
6,400
9,500

23,900
13,900
10,000

22,200
12,700
9,500

21,400
11,900
9,500

8,700

7,600

Grand Rapids Area
(Includes Kent County, Mich.)

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; machinery....................

1,200

9,800

Civilian population............................................................

68,838

69,890

H am pton Roads Area
(Includes Elizabeth City, Norfolk, Warwick, and York
Counties, and Hampton, Norfolk, Portsmouth, South
Norfolk and Newport News cities, Ya.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

91,500
31,500
60,000

195,000
85,000
110,000

190,000
77,000
113,000

182,000
72,000
110,000

Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs........................ ...................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

120,100
3,400

72,000
31,000

65,000
37,000

60,000
36,000

Civilian population............................................................

310,324

489,795

n 470,526

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

72,600
23,600
49,000

104,500
33,500
71,000

101,000
33,000
68,000

105,000
33,000
72,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

6,800
1,700

12,500
20,100

12,200
18,400

12,000
19,400

Civilian population...........................................................

250,557

248,826

Harrisburg Area
(Includes Cumberland and Dauphin Counties, Pa.)

1 Estimated.
4 Expansion occurred chiefly in the shipbuilding industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
1 Resident population exclusive of York County in May 1944 according to a special census. Includes
1
members of the armed forces living off post. Includes 158,984 persons who migrated into the area
after April 1940.




12
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

H artford Area
(Includes Hartford County, Conn.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

155,000
77,000
78,000

221,000
145,000
76,000

210,000
136,000
74,000

197,000
125,000
72,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................
Machinery...................................................................
Iron and steel and their products; ordnance and
accessories..................................................................

8,000
•27,000

47,000
37,500

45,000
36,000

42,000
34,500

21,000

20,200

18,600

16,600

Civilian population............................................................

450,189

474,286

4,500
700
3,800

8,600
3,600
5,000

9,500
5,000
4,500

12,400
7,400
5,000

(3
)

(3
)

(3
)

Hastings Area
(Includes Adams County, Nebr.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries.............................................................

(3
)
24,567

26,753

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

6,000
2,400
3,600

11,600
3,400
8,200

Selected industries.............................................................

(12)

Civilian population............................................................
H attiesburg Area
(Includes Forrest County, Miss.)

(12)

12,200
3,700
8,500
(12)

12,300
3,800
8,500
(12)

34,901

44,238

156,000
43,000
113,000

236,000
102,000
134,000

224,000
98,000
126,000

215,000
93,000
122,000

Selected industries:
Shipbuilding aqd repairs13.........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

1 100
100

42,500
2,400

38,500
2,300

32,500
2,300

Civilian population............................................................

528,961

601,249

4,100
1,500
2,600

14,400
11,800
2,600

13,700
11,200
2,500

15,500
12,800
2,700

Civilian population............................................................
H ouston Area
(Includes Harris County, Tex.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

H u m boldt Area
(Includes Gibson County, Tenn.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries.............................................................
Civilian population............................................................

(3
)

(3)

(3
)

(3
)

44,835

43,623

40,200
13,200
27,000

49,800
21,800
28,000

49,300
22,800
26,500

52,000
25,000
27,000

6,700

6,800

H untington Area
(Includes Cabell County, W. Va.; Lawrence County,
Ohio; Boyd County, Ky.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products; ordnance and
accessories...................................................................

3,800

6,000

Civilian population....................... ....................................

190,102

172,311

1 Estimated.
3 Expansion occurred chiefly in the ordnance industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
6 Adjusted to allow for under-reporting.
1 Expansion occurred chiefly in military establishments, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
2
1 Excludes manufacturers of components.
3




13
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Huntsville Area
(Includes Madison County, Ala.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

7,500
3,500
4,000

17,500
12,900
4,600

18,000
13,500
4,500

17,500
13,000
4,500

2,900

2,800

Selected industries:1
4
Textile-mill products.................................................

3,000

3,000

Civilian population............................................................

66,317

67,530

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments...............

143,000
51,000
92,000

222,000
118,000
104,000

212,000
111,000
101,000

206,000
106,000
100,000

Selected industries:
Aircraft, automobiles, and parts...............................
Machinery..................................................................

1 5,500
8,700

37,500
22,000
11,700
3,500

35,500
20,700
10,600
3,500

Indianapolis Area1
2
(Includes Marion County, Ind.)

200

36,000
22,200
18,900
3,500

457,591

491,053

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

22,500
9,400
13,100

29,700
17,600
12,100

28,500
16,700
11,800

29,100
17,100
12,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; ordnance and acces­
sories ...........................................................................
Machinery...................................................................

2,900
1,300

7,600
4,600

7,000
4,500

7,100
4,700

Civilian population............................................................

93,108

95,022

Jacksonville Area
(Includes Duval County, Fla.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

57,500
11,000
46,500

94,500
31,500
63,000

88,000
28,000
60,000

85,000
28,000
57,000

Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs............................ ...............
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

1200
200

19,900
8,400

17,400
8,100

17,300
8,700

Civilian population............................................................

210,143

245,123

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

32,100
17,600
14,500

37,100
24,100
13,000

34,600
22,100
12,500

35,900
23,300
12,600

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Machinery...................................................................

3,700
1,600

5,400
4,500

4,700
4,400

4,700
4,200

Civilian population ......................................... ................

123,580

113,793

39,800
20,200
19,600

60,200
34,000
26,200

54,700
35,000
19,700

55,000
35,500
19,500

19,800

19,200

Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian) —

Jackson Area
(Includes Jackson County, Mich.)

Jam estown Area
(Includes Chautauqua County, N. Y.)

Johnson C ity-K ingsport-B ristol Area2
(Includes Carter, Sullivan and Washington Counties,
Tenn.; Washington County, and Bristol City, Va.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Chemicals and allied products..................................

7,600

18,500

Civilian population............................................................

203,808

207,796

1 Estimated.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
u Expansion occurred chiefly in the chemical and ordnance industries, figures for which cannot be shown
separately.




14
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Kansas City Area
(Includes Clay and Jackson Counties, M o.; Wyandotte
County, Kans.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

197,000
55,000
142,000

284,000
126,000
158,000

275,000
122,000
153,000

274,000
124,000
150,000

Selected industries:
Aircraft and parts; shipbuilding and repairs...........
Food and kindred products.......................................
Ordnance and accessories; automobiles and parts..
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Machinery...................................................................
Apparel, other fabricated textile products...............
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

400
14,600
4,700
5,900
2,800
6,000
400

41,000
20,400
19,200
7,400
7,000
6,600
5,900

47,000
19,600
10,800
6,800
6,800
6,300
6,200

45,500
20,500
11,200
7,000
7,600
6,300
6,300

Civilian population............................................................

653,315

663,783

16,200
9,900
6,300

24,300
18,400
5,900

24,200
18,600
5,600

23,200
17,500
5,700

10,000

9,000

Kenosha Area
(Includes Kenosha County, Wis.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing................. .........................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; machinery....................

3,200

8,300

63,446

62,460

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

55,700
22,700
33,000

73,000
35,000
38,000

70,000
33,000
37,000

68,000
31,000
37,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Textile-mill products..................................................

6,200
7,100

15,500
7,800

15,000
6,900

13,900
6,800

219,584

239,923

12,800
3,100
9,700

19,700
9,600
10,100

17,200
7,700
9,500

17,400
7,700
9,700

1,500

1,500

Knoxville-A lcoa Area2
(Includes Knox and Blount Counties, Tenn.)

Civilian population......................................... .
Lafayette Area
(Includes Tippecanoe County, Ind.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment................................. ....
Civilian population....................................... ..

500

1,200

51,020

52,781

10,700
2,200
8,500

25,000
4,900
20,100

24,600
4,100
20,500

15,900
5,100
10,800

2,900

3,800

Lake Charles Area
(Includes Calcasieu Parish, La.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Chemicals and allied products..................... .............

600

3,400

Civilian population............................................................

56,506

73,323

56,300
32,000
24,300

63,200
41,500
21,700

60,700
39,500
21,200

60,100
39,000
21,100

8,800

8,100

Lancaster Area
(Includes Lancaster County, Pa.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; transportation equip­
ment .............................................................................

100

8,700

Civilian population............................................................

212,504

201,649

2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.




15
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Lansing Area2
(Includes Ingham County, Mich.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

38,000
16,700
21,300

58,500
34,000
24,500

57,800
34,000
23,800

59,300
35,500
23,800

26,500

28,500

10,900
4,100
6,800

9,400
2,800
6,600

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; transportation equip­
ment............................................................................

13,000

26,500

Civilian population............................................................

130,616

135,958

4,500
200
4,300

12,500
5,800
6,700

Las Vegas Area
(Includes Clark County/Nev.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments...................
Selected industries.............................................................
Civilian population............................................................

(15 )

( 15 )

(15 )

( 15)

16,414

36,508

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

18,100
7,300
10,800

34,300
23,600
10,700

33,400
23,000
10,400

33,200
22,800
10,400

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; transportation equip­
ment............................................................................
Machinery...................................................................

13,000
1,800

11,900
7,200

12,000
6,700

12,600
5,900

Civilian population............................................................

73,303

80,819

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing.................................................. .........
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

25,800
2,800
23,000

32,400
5,400
27,000

31,700
6,200
25,500

32,800
7,300
25,500

Civilian population...................................................... ...

100,585

92,795

Little R ock Area
(Includes Pulaski and Saline Counties, Ark.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

38,600
7,100
31,500

59,600
17,600
42,000

55,600
17,100
38,500

58,900
20,900
38,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products; ordnance and
accessories; chemicals and allied products..............
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

600

10,600
3,000

10,500
2,900

34,100
2,900

Civilian population............................................................

175,183

189,254

Long Branch Area
(Includes Monmouth County, N. J.,
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

36,900
10,400
26,500

41,500
11,500
30,000

43,700
10,700
33,000

41,900
10,400
31,500

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

500
600

2,600
10,300

2,200
10,500

2,200
10,900

Civilian population............................................................

157,421

172,054

Los Angeles Area
(Includes Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing16___ * ...............................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

775,000 1,270,000 1,260,000
610,000
630,000
205,000
650,000
640,000
570,000

1,220,000
560,000
660,000

Lim a Area2
(Includes Allen County, Ohio)

Lincoln Area
(Includes Lancaster County, Nebr.)

2 Aprif 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
1 Expansion occurred chiefly in the nonferrous-metals industry, figures for which cannot be shown
5
separately.
1 Employment at Roosevelt Base Navy Drydocks is included in manufacturing. Other War and
6
Navy Department employment is included in “ Nonmanufacturing, military, naval.”




16
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment
Los Angles Area-— ontinued
C
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . . .
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)1 . .
7
1
6
8

April
1940

32,500
700

November
1943

May
1944

380,000
25,500

350,000
24,200

September
1944

310,000
26,500

2,782,998 3,138,797 1 3,195,132
7
Louisville Area
(Includes Jefferson County, Ky.; Clark and Floyd
Counties, Ind.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment......................................
Chemicals and allied products..................................
Nonferrous metals and their products.....................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

129,000
46,000
83,000

198,000
100,000
98,000

196,000
103,000
93,000

199,000
106,000
93,000

1,800
2,200
1,000

19,100
14,400
11,000
12,100
7,300

20,200
15,000
10,800
12,700
7,400

1,100

17,200
15,800
10,700
8,500
7,900

451,350

508,719

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

20,800
7,600
13,200

45,800
14,800
31,000

43,000
14,000
29,000

43,400
14,400
29,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; iron and steel and their
products......................................................................
Textile-mill products.................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

200
2,700
400

5,300
3,900
15,000

5,000
3,700
13,500

5,400
3,700
13,700

Civilian population............................................................

95,086

117,506

36,100
7,600
28,500

49,100
17,600
31,500

46,400
16,900
29,500

50,800
18,300
32,500

2,200

1,500

1,600

164,360

169,336

13,100
7,200
5,900

19,600
13,800
5,800

19,200
13,600
5,600

17,300
11,700
5,600

9,200

7,000

M acon Area
(Includes Bibb and Houston Counties, Ga.)

M adison-Barahoo Area
(Includes Dane and Sauk Counties, Wis.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:1
8
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
Civilian population............................................................
M anitow oc Area
(Includes Manitowoc County, Wis.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; nonferrous metals and
their products.............................................................

3,800

7,800

Civilian population..........................................................

61,550

62,861

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

20,000
11,500
8,500

25,600
16,200
9,400

25,700
16,300
9,400

26,300
16,800
9,500

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; machinery....................
Iron and steel and their products.............................

5,100
2,300

6,400
2,900

6,500
2,500

7,100
2,600

Civilian population............................................................

73,853

72,831

M ansfield Area
(Includes Richland County, Ohio)

1 Employment at Roosevelt Base Navy Dry docks is included in manufacturing. Other War and
6
Navy Department employment is included in “ Nonmanufacturing, military, naval.”
1 Resident population in April 1944, according to a special census. Includes members of the armed
7
forces living off post.
1 The largest single development in the area was the Badger Ordnance Works at Baraboo, figures
8
for which cannot be shown separately.




17
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

M arion Area
(Includes Grant County, Ind.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

12,500
6,400
6,100

17,800
12,400
5,400

17,100
11,900
5,200

18,000
12,600
5,400

Selected industries:
Machinery; ordnance and accessories......................
Stone, clay, and glass products................................

1,100
1,300

6,300
1,900

6,100
2,000

5,500
1,800

Civilian population............................................................

55,813

54,838

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

97,000
25,000
72,000

133,000
51,000
82,000

132,000
52,000
80,000

132,000
51,000
81,000

Selected industries:
Chemicals and allied products; ordnance and accessories.......................................................................
Transportation equipment........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

2,900
2,200
300

! 10,400
*9,900
9,000

9,700
11,800
8,600

9,600
11,000
8,000

358,151

378,108

75,900
7,900
68,000

107,400
14,400
93,000

101,500
13,500
88,000

95,000
13,000
82,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment..................... .. ..............
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

500

6,000
11,100

5,200
11,800

4,900
12,800

Civilian population............................................................

267,739

294,445

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

16,700
9,400
7,300

27,400
19,400
8,000

27,000
19,400
7,600

28,700
21,000
7,700

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; machinery......................
Transportation equipment........................................

2,000
1,900

11,400
4,200

8,800
7,100

10,600
6,800

Civilian population........................... ................................

63,627

67,531

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

233,000
107,000
126,000

331,000
203,000
128,000

321,000
195,000
126,000

320,000
195,000
125,000

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . . .
Iron and steel and their products.............................

29,500
1,200
17,400

79,000
26,500
19,600

80,000
25,500
19,200

86,000
26,000
16,900

Civilian population............................................................

766,769

762,105

M inneapolis-St. Paul Area
(Includes Dakota, Hennepin and Ramsey
Counties, Minn.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

270,000
72,000
198,000

347,000
151,000
196,000

331,000
140,000
191,000

328,000
136,000
192,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Machinery...................................................................
Aircraft, automobiles and parts................................

i0,200
2,300

43,000
18,000
13,700

33,500
17,200
13,300

31,000
16,300
12,700

915,220

892,805

M em phis Area
(Includes Shelby County, Tenn.)

M iam i Area
(Includes Dade County, Fla.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

M ichigan C ity Area
(Includes La Porte County, Ind.)

M ilwaukee Area
(Includes Milwaukee County, Wis.)

Civilian population

..




...................................

18
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

M obile Area
(Includes Mobile County, Ala.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

33,600
10,800
22,800

103,000
51,000
52,000

95,000
48,500
46,500

94,500
49,000
45,500

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment, except automobiles.. . .
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

1,700
400

41,500
18,100

39,000
14,900

39,500
15,100

141,515

227,763

19233,891

31,600
11,300
20,300

40,900
22,200
18,700

39,800
21,600
18,200

39,300
21,000
18,300

10,900

10,800

M orristow n Area2
0
(Includes Morris County, N. J.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; chemicals and allied
products......................................................................

3,900

11,200

Civilian population............................... ...........................

125,464

127,250

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

20,000
11,300
8,700

28,100
19,700
8,400

27,800
19,700
8,100

28,300
20,100
8,200

Selected industries:
Stone, clay and glass products; ordnance and ac­
cessories .......................................................................
Transportation equipment........................................
Iron and steel and their products.............................

2,200
3,600
1,600

6,700
4,800
3,100

6,600
5,500
3,000

6,300
5,800
2,900

Civilian population............................................................

74,963

75,429

8,800
2,300
6,500

17,500
11,100
6,400

15,600
9,800
5,800

14,900
9,100
5,800

8,100

7,900

M un cie Area
(Includes Delaware County, Ind.)

M uscle Shoals Area
(Includes Colbert and Lauderdale Counties, Ala.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Nonferrous metals and their products; chemicals
and allied products.....................................................

600

9,000

Civilian population............................................................

80,159

81,107

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
.Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

25,900
16,700
9,200

44,300
35,000
9,300

43,400
34,500
8,900

42,700
33,500
9,200

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Aircraft and parts; ordnance and accessories..........
Iron and steel and their products.............................

5,700
100
4,100

15,500
9,100
6,800

15,200
8,700
6,800

14,300
8,600
6,900

Civilian population............................................................

94,473

M uskegon Area
(Includes Muskegon County, Mich.)

104,763 2i 108,079

Nashville Area2
(Includes Davidson County, Term.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

70,200
22,200
48,000

81,000
34,000
47,000

76,000
30,500
45,500

76,000
31,000
45,000

2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
1 Resident population in March 1944, according to a special census. Includes approximately 1,106
9
members of the armed forces living off post.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to exclude workers commuting to plants outside the area.
0
2 Resident population in June 1944, according to a special census. Includes members of the armed
1
forces living off post.




19
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

Nashville Area—C ontinued
Selected industries;
Transportation equipment........................................
Chemicals and allied products..................................
Textile-mill products.................................................
Apparel, other fabricated textile products...............
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

April
1940

November
1943

200
4,600
2,100
1,800
200

8,000
4,900
3,300
2,700
2,500

257,267

32,800
15,700
17,100

Selected industries:
Textile-mill products..................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

September
1944

261,258

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

May
1944

5,900
5,000
3,200
2,700
2,400

6,300
4,800
2,800
2,700
2,400

48,300
30,000
18,300

47,600
30,000
17,600

46,500
29,000
17,500

7,400
200

6,900
900

6,400
900

6,200
1,000

123,388

129,384

148,000
35,000
113,000

223,000
88,000
135,000

219,000
87,000
132,000

217,000
81,000
136,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)----

1,700
900

48,000
11,300

50,000
13,100

47,000
13,500

Civilian population.......................................................... .

551,790

591,565

12,300
5,100
7,200

23,900
13,600
10,300

23,300
13,900
9,400

22,600
13,000
9,600

2,600

2,900

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments. 3,520,000 4,300,000 4,100,000
Manufacturing........................................................... 1,220,000 1,950,000 1,900,000
Other nonagricultural establishments...................... 2,300,000 2,350,000 2,200,000

4,025,000
1,850,000
2,175,000

New London Area
(Includes New London County, Conn.)

New Orleans Area
(Includes Jefferson, Orleans and St. Bernard
Parishes, La.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments................

Newport Area2
2
(Includes Newport County, R. I.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries;3
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)-----

500

2,900

Civilian population................................... ........................

42,232

50,444

New Y ork City-Newark-Jersey C ity Area
(Includes Bronx, Kings, Nassau, New York, Queens,
Richmond, Westchester and Suffolk Counties, N. Y .;
Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Middlesex, Passaic and Union
Counties, N. J.)

Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs............................................
Transportation equipment........................................
Electrical machinery..................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)-----

130,000
134,000
157,000
4,500

206,000
183,000
175,000
106,000

192,000
166,000
171,000
107,000

37,100
4,100
33,000

38,600
3,600
35,000

42,300
5,300
37,000

21,900

23,700

212,000
198,000
172,000
96,000

Civilian population............................................................ 11,362,914 10,539,976
Ogden Area
(Includes Davis and Weber Counties, Utah)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

13,900
2,600
11,300

Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)-----

500

19,600

Civilian population. . , . , ........... ..................................

72,448

93.031

1 Estimated.
3 Expansion occurred chiefly in the ordnance industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include persons living outside the area who commuted to the Naval
2
Torpedo Station.




20
Estimates o f Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

63,400
10,400
53,000

105,500
36,500
69,000

102,500
35,500
67,000

103,000
36,000
67,000

200

23,100
15,100

22,600
14,500

22,200
14,700

September
1944

O klahom a City Area
(Includes Oklahoma County, Okla.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................

224,159

256,559

O m aha Area
(Includes Douglas, Sarpy, and Saunders Counties,
Nebr.; Pottawattamie County, Iowa)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

86,800
17,800
69,000

120,000
46,000
74,000

116,000
44,000
72,000

115,500
43,500
72,000

Selected industries:
Food and kindred products.......................................
Transportation equipment........................................

9,700
300

17,700
13,400
3,100
4,900

16,900
12,700
3,400
5,000

400
340,995

Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

17,700
14,600
3,500
4,900
330,758

22,900
11,300
11,600

31,800
21,200
10,600

33,500
23,300
10,200

34,600
24,400
10,200

12,500

12,800

21,700
16,900
4,800

18,600
14,000
4,600

Ottawa Area2
(Includes La Salle County, 111.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................

200

10,300

Civilian population............................................................

97,801

94,987

Panam a C ity Area
(Includes Bay County, Fla.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................
Selected industries.............................................................
Civilian population............................................................

4,500
1,800
2,700
(4
)

21,300
16,500
4,800
(4
)

20,686

4,600
400
4,200

11,800
6,500
5,300

(4
)

(4
)

44,806

Parsons Area
(Includes Labette County, Ivans.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries.............................................................
Civilian population..........................................................

(3
)

(3
)

30,352

14,800
12,300
2,500

(3
)

11,600
6,300
5,300
(3
)

30,674

4,700
3,100
1,600

11,300
6,100
5,200

Pascagoula Area
(Includes Jackson County, Miss.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................
Selected industries...........................................................
Civilian population............................................................

(4
)

(4
)

20,462

26,700
4,500
22,200

(4
)

15,100
12,700
2,400
(4
)

37,872

13,300
2,600
10,700

15,800
12,900
2,900

Pensacola Area
(Includes Escambia County, Fla.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..................... ....................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

25,500
4,900
20,600

24,300
4,600
19,700

2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
8 Expansion occurred chiefly in the ordnance industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
4 Expansion occurred chiefly in the shipbuilding industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.




21
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Pensacola Area—Continued
Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

8,900

8,700

81,500
40,500
40,500

82,500
42,500
40,000

84,000
44,000
40,000

12,000

23,200

25,000

25,500

2,700
700

3,900
2 3,000
8

3,900
2 3,500
8

3,800
2 4,400
8

211,736

199,525

15,700
8,800
6,900

20,900
11,200
9,700

20,700
11,100
9,600

20,500
10,900
9,600

1,800

8,800

69,032

87,335

67,500
26,500
41,000

Peoria Area2
*
(Includes Peoria and Tazewell Counties, 111.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............... : .........................................
Other nonagricultural establishments..............
Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Iron and steel and their products; ordnance and accessories.....................................................................
Chemicals and allied products..................................

Petersburg-Hopewell Area
(Includes Dinwiddie and Prince George Counties and
Petersburg and Hopewell Cities, Va.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.....................
Selected industries.............................................................

(12)
69,702

(12)

(12)

(12)

69,654

Philadelphia-Cam den Area
(Includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery and
Philadelphia Counties, Pa.; Burlington, Camden and
Gloucester Counties, N. J.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs............................................
Machinery...................................................................
Transportation equipment, except automobiles.. . .
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

935,000 1,215,000 1,175,000
720,000
425,000
690,000
495,000
485,000
510,000
27,500
44,500
4,300
46,500
1,200

127,000
102,000
84,000
48,000
33,000

1,145,000
670,000
475,000

118,000
107,000
77,000
48,000
34,000

111,000
105,000
64,000
47,000
34,000

Civilian population............................................................ 3,196,465 3,236,601
Phoenix Area
(Includes Maricopa County, Ariz.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

31,900
3,900
28,000

53,800
12,800
41,000

51,700
14,200
37,500

51,800
14,800
37,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; iron and steel and their
products................................................... ; ................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

300

5,000
3,800

6,600
3,800

7.200
3,800

Civilian population............................................................

186,193

206,095

8,000
2,100
5,900

18,000
10,600
7,400

18,500
11,300
7,200

18,500
11,100
7,400

800

600

900

65,101

72,752

Pine B lu ff Area
(Includes Jefferson County, Ark.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:8
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
Civilian population ..........................................................

2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
8 Expansion occurred chiefly in the ordnance industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
12 Expansion occurred chiefly in military establishments, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
2 Includes 2 distilling companies, former producers of whiskey, which are now making industrial alcohol.
8




22
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Piqua-Sidney Area
(Includes Miami and Shelby Counties, Ohio)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

17,100
9,300
7,800

25,100
18,100
7,000

23,100
16,400
6,700

23,200
16,400
6,800

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Transportation equipment........................................

3,100
600

8,500
3,000

7,200
3,000

7,300
2,800

Civilian population............................................................

78,703

78,027

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

566,000
246,000
320,000

685,000
380,000
305,000

670,000
380,000
290,000

665,000
380,000
285,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Electrical machinery....................... , ........................
Machinery, except electrical.....................................
Shipbuilding and repairs...........................................

136,000
117,500
i 11,600
1700

165,000
38,500
27,000
22,700
20,900
6,900

162,000
38,500
27,000
25,000
19,900
5,900

161,000
40,000
27,000
22,700
22,000
5,900

Pittsburgh Area
(Includes Allegheny, Beaver, Washington and Westmoreland Counties, Pa.)

Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

800

2,082,524 1,943,985
P ittsfield Area
(Includes Berkshire County, Mass.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

36,700
21,200
15,500

46,000
32,500
13,500

44,100
31,000
13,100

43,400
30,000
13,400

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Textile-mill products.................................................

6,300
8,000

16,500
7,200

15,200
7,300

14,500
7,000

Civilian population............................................................

122,273

115,704

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

61,000
27,000
34,000

87,500
51,000
36,500

84,000
49,000
35,000

79,500
44,000
35,500

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment; ordnance and acces­
sories ............................................................................
Textile-mill products..................................................

400
9,200

30,500
7,900

29,000
7,900

24,300
7,400

Civilian population............................................................

225,381

241,000

Portland-Van couver Area
(Includes Multnomah County, Oreg.; Clark County,
Wash.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.....................

117,500
30,500
87,000

268,000
164,000
104,000

251,000
150,000
101,000

257,000
154,000
103,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)___

800
500

128,000
3,300

118,000
2,400

119,000
3,400

Civilian population............................................................

402,963

Portland (Maine) Area1
2
(Includes Cumberland and York Counties, Maine)

4
543,193 2 551,011

P ortsm outh Area2
(Includes Rockingham and Strafford Counties, N. H.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

30,100
18,300
11,800

42,600
32,000
10,600

42,200
32,000
10,200

42,800
31,000
11,800

1 Estimated.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
2 Resident population in May 1944, according to a special census. Includes members of the armed
4
forces living off post. Includes 197, 708 persons who migrated into the area after April 1940.




23
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Portsm outh Area—Continued
Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs; machinery.......................

4,900

20,700

Civilian population............................................................

101,546

102,349

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

61,600
19,600
42,000

69.500
28.500
41,000

67.500
27,000
40.500

67.500
27,000
40.500

Selected industries:
Machinery; ordnance and accessories......................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

2 ,0 0 0
300

7,300
1,500

6,800
1,600

7,000
1,700

Civilian population............................................................

254,633

239,544

175,000
96.000
79.000

219.000
149.000
70,000

209,000
141,000

203,000
137,000

68,000

66,000

19,600

18,800

20,400

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh Area
(Includes Dutchess and Orange Counties, N. Y.)

Providence Area
(Includes Providence County, R. I.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................

300

19,300

Civilian population............................................................

550,298

522,209

7,400
1,300
6,100

17,700
2,500
15,200

14,200
4,800
9,400

6,000
7,100

3,700

4,400

Provo Area
(Includes Utah County, Utah)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.............................

600

1,100

57,382

68,351

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

16,700
6,200
10,500

23,300
7,800
15,500

20.700
8,000
12.700

21,100
8,100
13,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products; ordnance and
accessories...................................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

4,800

6,500
2,200

6,700
2,300

6,700
2,300

Civilian population............................................................

68,870

73,268

8,000
4,200
3,800

16,900
4,200
12,700

16.700
4,000
12.700

17,000
3,800
13,200

4,700

5,000

5,800

Civilian population
P ueblo Area
(Includes Pueblo County, Colo.)

Q uonset-W esterly Area
(Includes Washington County, R. I.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)----32,447

35,297

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.......................

24,400
14,500
9,900

34.100
24,000
10.100

32,300
22,800
9,500

32,400
22,800
9,600

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................

2,100

5,400

11,800
2,300
2,000

10,600
2,300
2,400

10,700
2,800
2,300

Civilian population............................................................

94,024

91,707

Civilian population............................................................
R acine Area
(Includes Racine County, Wis.)




24
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Radford-Pulaski Area
(Includes Giles, Montgomery, and Pulaski Counties,
and Radford City, Va.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industried:
Chemicals and allied products,
Civilian population

12,800
5,300
7,500

22,000
14,800
7,200

22,400
14,600
7,800

24,100
16,700
7,400

10,100

12,200

1,000

10,000

65,598

71,529

9,800
4.900
4.900

19,500
14,400
5,100

18,000
13,100
4,900

19,200
14,300
4,900

9,000

10,100

Ravenna Area
(Includes Portage County, Ohio)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; machinery,
Civilian population

800

10,300

46,660

49,568

15,100
8,000
7,100

20,400
13,900
6,500

18,900
12,600
6,300

18,400

8,400

7,500

R ich m on d (Ind.) Area
(Includes Wayne County, Ind.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Civilian population

12,000

6,400

3,500

9,400

59,229

58,699

87.500
29.500
58,000

104,000
34.000
70.000

101,500
33,500
68,000

99.000
33.000
66.000

10,900

9,400

9.500

5,800
7,700

7,200
7,500

7,000
7.500

R ich m on d (Va.) Area
(Includes Chesterfield and Henrico Counties, and
Richmond City, Va.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

Selected industries:
Tobacco nfenufacturers.............................................
1 10,700
Chemicals and allied products; nonferrous metals
and their products.....................................................
4,100
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian).........................
Civilian population

266,185

282,089

47,700

6,200

79.500
11.500

41,500

68,000

75.600
11.600
64,000

75.600
11.600
64,000

200
300

4,000
20,600

4,400
19,600

5,300
19,900

262,866

307,316

139,000
69.000
70.000

189.000
122.000
67,000

185.000
119.000
66,000

185.000
120.000
65,000

Riverside-San Bernardino Area
(Includes Riverside and San Bernardino Counties,
Calif.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments2 .
5
Manufacturing25.........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products; ordnance and
accessories...................................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
Civilian population,
R ochester Area2
(Includes Monroe County, N. Y.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

1 Estimated.
2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
25 Employment in canning omitted for lack of adequate current information on this highly seasonal
activity.




25
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Rochester Area— Continued
Selected industries:
Scientific and photographic equipment...................
Electrical machinery..................................................
Apparel, other fabricated textile products...............
Machinery, except electrical.....................................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

125,000
14,100
9,500
14,400

Civilian population............................................................

438,188 2 418,655
6

100

48,500
17,600
9,800
7,800
4,100
2,100

47,500
19,200
9,600
6,600
3,500
2,000

47,500
19,600
9,600
6,400
3,500
2,000

Rockford-Beloit-Janesville Area
(Includes Winnebago County, 111.; Rock County, Wis.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

58,500
33,500
25,000

76,200
52,000
24,200

72,800
49,500
23,300

71,000
47,500
23,500

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................

12,400
6,000

22,700
7,200
5,800

21,500
6,500
7,000

20,400
6,000
7,100

Civilian population............................................................

201,288

204,683

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

60,500
30,000
30,500

80,500
52,000
28,500

78,000
50,000
28,000

78,000
49,500
28,500

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Iron and steel and their products.............................

14,200
14,500
12,300

21,400
16,900
4,400

21,000
15,800
4,400

22.400
13,800
4,200

Civilian population............................................................

197,673

201,244

42,800
2,200
40,600

63,400
4,400
59,000

61,200
4,200
57,000

61,500
4,500
57,000

16,000

16,100

R ock Island-M oline-D avenport Area
(Includes Rock Island County, 111.;
Scott County Iowa)

S acram ento Area
(Includes Sacramento County, Calif.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments2 .
5
Manufacturing25.........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

900

17,000

Civilian population............................................................

169,770

188,168

54,000
26,500
27,500

78,100
54,000
24,100

72,300
49,000
23,300

70,100
46,500
23,600

10,300

16,800

14,800

13,000

3,200
4,000
2,400

12,800
7,700
5,000

10,600
7,800
4,600

9,900
7,700
5,100

232,543

234,953

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments. 426,000
Manufacturing..........................................................
171,000
Other nonagricultural establishment........................ 1 255,000

590,000
320,000
270,000

545,000
280,000
265,000

530,000
280,000
250,000

Saginaw Area
(Includes Bay, Midland and Saginaw Counties, Mich.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..................... ....................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......... ............
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment.......................................
Chemicals and allied products; ordnance and ac­
cessories .....................................................................
Iron and steel and their products...........................
Machinery.................................................................
Civilian population............................................................
St. Louis Area
(Includes St. Louis City, and St. Louis County, M o.;
Madison and St. Clair Counties, 111.)

1Estimated.
2
5 Employment in canning omitted for lack of adequate current information on this highly seasonal
activity.
28 Local authorities have estimated a higher figure, approximately 429,000 for November 1943.




26
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

St. Louis Area—Continued

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Iron and steel and their products............................
Machinery..................................................................
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . . .
Leather and leather products...................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

22,500
18,400
3,400
17,500
700

76,000
36,000
35,000
31,500
15,500
16,300

Civilian population............................................................ 1,403,881

48,000
35,500
38,000
22,200
15,700
16,200

48,000
37,000
35,500
20,600
15,500
16,400

1,459,556

Salt Lake City Area

(Includes Salt Lake and Tooele Counties, Utah)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

56,300
10,300
46,000

82,700
22,700
60,000

67,700
11,700
56,000

69,100
12,100
57,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories; machinery......................
Nonferrous metals and their products.....................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

400
3,600

11,900
3,300
6,400

1,100
3,300
5,600

900
3,200
5,700

Civilian population............................................................

220,218

242,863

68,900
11,900
57,000

109,800
14,800
95,000

103,100
15,100
88,000

102,400
14,400
88,000

29,000

29,000

San Antonio Area

(Includes Bexar County, Tex.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

2,900

34,500

Civilian population............................................................

315,800

364,275

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

61,800
12,300
49,500

153,000
67,000
86,000

144,000
61,000
83,000

138,000
55,000
83,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)-----

6,100
2,500

60,000
13,900

55,000
15,900

48,000
17,000

Civilian population............................................................

276,079

San Diego Area

(Includes San Diego County, Calif.)

394,569 2 415,875
7

Sandusky Area
(Includes Erie, Ottawa and Sandusky Counties, Ohio)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

23,600
10,400
13,200

34,100
17,600
16,500

30,800
15,300
15,500

31,600
16,000
15,600

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products; ordnance and
accessories...................................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

2,400
300

4,800
3,300

3,900
2,900

4,000
2,900

Civilian population...........................................................

108,396

110,814

(Includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San
Francisco, and San Mateo Counties, Calif.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing2 2
28.........................................................
79
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

445,000
115,000
330,000

770,000
345,000
425,000

745,000
310,000
435,000

755,000
320,000
435,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment, except automobiles. . . .
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)2 ..
8

4,800
1,900

210,000
51,000

177,000
55,000

166,000
60,000

San Francisco Bay Area

Civilian population......................................................... 1,400,226 1,727,369 2 1,737,050
9
2 Resident population in March 1944, according to a special census. Includes 23,685 members of the
7
armed forces living off post. Includes 164,985 persons who migrated into the area after April 1940.
2 Employment at Hunter’s Point Navy Yard is included in manufacturing. Other War and Navy
8
Department employment is included in “ Nonmanufacturing, military or naval.”
2 Resident population in April 1944, according to a special census. Includes approximately 33,000
9
members of the armed forces living off military and naval reservations. Includes 500,000 persons who
migrated into the area after April, 1940.




27
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

San Jose Area
(Includes Santa Clara County, Calif.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments2
5
Manufacturing25.........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

32,200
5,200
27,000

44,900
16,900
28,000

40,900
13,900
27,000

41,700
14,200
27,500

Selected industries:
Machinery; ordnance and accessories......................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

600

9,100
1,100

6,900
1,400

6,900
1,400

Civilian population............................................................

172,301

191,811

24/100
3,500
20,600

31,000
8,000
23,000

29,900
8,500
21,400

31,500
8,100
23,400

600

4,400
2,400

4,300
2,200

4,000
2,300

Santa Ana Area
(Includes Orange County, Calif.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments2 .
5
Manufacturing25.........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................

130,760

153,253 17161,777

Savannah Area
(Includes Chatham County, Ga.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

28,900
7,700
21,200

60,500
33,000
27,500

58,000
30,500
27,500

56,500
29,000
27,500

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)----

300

21,500
3,900

19,200
4,100

17,800
4,100

Civilian population............................................................

116,412

150,111

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

201,000
61,000
140,000

385,000
195,000
190,000

369,000
186,000
183,000

368,000
183,000
185,000

Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs..........................................
Transportation equipment......................................
Iron and steel and their products...........................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

18,000
16,300
4,300
1,400

92,000
40,500
9,600
25,500

87,000
41,500
9,200
25,000

81,000
43,000
9,400
26,500

Civilian population............................................................

719,662

Sea t tle-T acom a Area
(Includes King, Kitsap and Pierce Counties, Wash.)

895,510 2 901,332
1

Shreveport-M inden Area
(Includes Bossier, Caddo and Webster Parishes, La.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

44,200
9,700
34,500

52,900
19,900
33,000

51,600
20,100
31,500

54,300
22,300
32,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and Accessories.-........................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

100

8,200
1,400

8,800
1,400

10,500
1,400

Civilian population............................................................

213,022

203,138

20,600
10,200
10,400

31,300
17,000
14,300

29,400
16,700
12,700

29,100
16,300
12,800

Somerville Area
(Includes Somerset County, N. J.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

1 Estimated.
1 Resident population in April 1944, according to a special census. Includes members of the armed
7
forces living off post.
2 Resident population in June 1944, according to a special census. Includes members of the armed
1
forces living off post.
2
6
Employment in canning omitted for lack of adequate current information on this highly seasonal
activity.




28
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Somerville Area-—
Continued

Selected industries:
Chemicals and allied products.................................

6,100

5,900

74,900
53,000
21,900

74,200
53,000
21,200

71,800
51,000
20,800

11,300
5,000

31,500
6,800

32,500
6,600

31,000
6,600

161,823

173,111

28,700
18,100
10,600

34,800
23,000
11,800

33,700
22,200
11,500

34,000
22,400
11,600

19,700

19,900

2,200

6,300

,74,390

68,661

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

48,700
27,000
21,700

Selected industries:
Aircraft, automobiles, and parts...............................
Machinery...................................................................

South Bend Area

(Includes St. Joseph County, Ind.)

Spartanburg Area

(Includes Spartanburg County, S. C.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Textile-mill products..................................................

16,000

20,500

127,733

121,475

(Includes Spokane County, Wash.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

41,300
8,300
33,000

59,000
13,000
46,000

57,500
13,000
44,500

56,800
11,800
45,000

Selected industries:
Nonferrous metals and their products.....................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

100

4,400
9,800

4,700
9,700

3,400
10,400

162,620

172,352

(Includes Windsor County, V t.; Sullivan
County, N. H.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

16,400
9,600
6,800

22,000
15,800
6,200

20,600
14,600
6,000

20,000
13,900
6,100

Selected industries:
Machinery..................................................................
Textile-mill products..................................................

3,600
1,800

9,200
2,800

8,100
2,800

7,500
2,700

Civilian population............................................................

63,304

62,553

59,900
14,400
45,500

78,500
33,000
45,500

76,500
32,000
44,500

79,000
34,000
45,000

2,800

11,900
10,600
1,600

9,800
11,700
1,700

11,400
12,600
1,700

241,169

231,644

(Includes Hampden County, Mass.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

103,000
51,000
52,000

150,000
100,000
50,000

142,000
93,000
49,000

139,000
90,000
49,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Machinery...................................................................

13,600
10,700

34,000
20,600

29,500
20,600

19,500
28,000

Civilian population............................................................

332,048

321,299

Spokane Area

Civilian population...................................................... .

Springfield-CIaremont Area

Springfield-Decatur Area
(Includes Christian, Macon and Sangamon
Counties, 111.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Machinery.................... ..............................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). .. .
Civilian population............................................................

Springfield-Holyoke Area

1 Estimated.




29
Estimates o f Wartime Changes in Employ ment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

S tockton Area
(Includes San Joaquin County, Calif.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

22,200
3,500
18,700

39,100
15,100
24,000

37,900
13,300
24,600

37,600
13,200
24,400

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment......................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

100

9,000
6,400

8,200
7,500

7,700
7,600

Civilian population............................................................

134,207

151,805

1,800
300
1,500

8,100
6,600
1,500

7,800
6,400
1,400

7,100
5,700
1,400

6,200

5,400

Sturgeon Bay Area
(Includes Door County, Wis.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs............................................

100

6,400

19,008

23,379

84,000
34,500
49,500

115,000
62,000
53,000

109,000
58,000
51,000

109,000
58,000
51,000

i 1,800
6,700
17,000

14,600
9,300
8,200
7,500
2,600

9,300
9,900
8,200
8,800
2,200

9,200
10,400
7,800
8,900
2,200

295,108

283,237

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

8,600
5,300
3,300

20,100
15,700
4,400

18,000
14,300
3,700

20,500
16,800
3,700

Selected industries:
Chemicals and allied products; iron and steel and
their products................................................ : ...........
Textile-mill products..................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

400
4,300
100

8,000
7,300
200

7,400
6,400
200

10,200
6,100
200

Civilian population............................................................

51,832

59,436

Tam pa Area
(Includes Hillsborough County, Fla.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..................... ....................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

43,600
15,100
28,500

74,500
37,000
37,500

70,500
34,000
36,500

63,500
30,500
33,000

1,400
16,400
100

22,300
7,000
4,300

19,000
6,600
4,600

17,200
6,200
4,600

..............................................

180,148

201,987

Terre Haute Area
(Includes Vermillion and Vigo Counties, Ind.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments..
Manufacturing..................... ....................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................

26,000
6,500
19,500

34,000
11,800
22,200

32,500
10,900
21,600

34,000
11,500
22,500

1,500

4,800
700

4,500
900

4,200
1,000

121,496

108,685

Syracuse Area
(Includes Onondaga County, N. Y.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments....................
Selected industries:
Electrical machinery..................................................
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Iron and steel and their products...........................
Machinery, except electrical...................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
Civilian population............................................................
Talladega-Childersburg Area
(Includes Talladega County, Ala.)

Selected industries:
Shipbuilding and repairs............................................
Tobacco manufactures...............................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
Civilifin popiilfitinn

,.

Selected industries:
Chemicals and allied products; iron and steel and
their products.......................................... •v ..............
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .
P i t n l i o n n n n iilo fin T i

1 Estimated.




......................................

1

30
Estimates of Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
*
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Texarkana Area
(Includes Bowie County, Tex.; Miller County, Ark.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries.............................................................

11,100
2,900
8,200
(3
)

28,700
14,100
14,600
(3)

26,000
11,300
14,700
(3
)

27,700
12,900
14,800
(3
)

82,082

87,079

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

98,000
42,000
56,000

141,000
84,000
57,000

141,000
85,000
56,000

139,000
84,000
55,000

Selected industries:
Aircraft, automobiles and parts................................
Machinery...................................................................

1 10,400
7,500

22,000
19,900
8,400
7,200

22,200
19,300
8,700
7,300

T oledo Area
(Includes Lucas County, Ohio)

5,000

20,600
20,600
8,100
7,000

344,333

336,396

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

62,500
29,000
33,500

74,500
49,000
25,500

72,900
48,000
24,900

72,000
47,000
25,000

Selected industries:
Aircraft, automobiles and parts...............................
Machinery..................................................................
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Rubber products........................................................

i 2,200
3,000
5,000
13,400

14,900
9,200
5,400
4,500

14,800
9,300
5,100
4,500

14,000
9,200
5,200
4,500

Civilian population............................................................

197,318

196,424

T ucson Area
(Includes Pima County, Ariz.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

15,400
1,200
14,200

24,200
4,300
19,900

24,000
4,600
19,400

23,600
4,500
19,100

2,100

2,400

2,400

Civilian population...........................................................

72,838

88,520

Tulsa Area
(Includes Tulsa County, Okla.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing...........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

50,500
11,000
39,500

86,700
42,200
44,500

76,500
34,000
42,500

76,000
33,000
43,000

Selected industries:
Aircraft and parts; ordnance and accessories; machinery........................................................................
Products of petroleum and coal................................

il,8 0 0
2,700

30,000
4,400

21,700
4,300

23,100
2,400

Civilian population............................................................

193,363

213,200

Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..................... ......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

73,000
39,000
34,000

101,500
60,000
41,500

95,000
55,000
40,000

93,000
53,000
40,000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories..........................................
Machinery........................ .........................................
Nonferrous metals and their products.....................
Iron and steel and their products......... .................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

12,100
3,400
6,500
12,400

16,200
8,500
8,400
2,800
9,700

12,000
9,200
8,000
3,000
8,800

10,600
9,400
5,700
5,200
8,900

263,163

258,433

Stone, clay, and glass products................................

Trentoii Area
(Includes Mercer County, N. J.)

Selected industries:
Nonmanufacturing,

m il it a r y

or naval (civilian). . . .

U tica-R om e Area
(Includes Herkimer and Oneida Counties, N. Y.)

Civilian

p o p u la t io n

...................................................................

1 Estimated.
8 Expansion occurred chiefly in the ordnance industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.




31
Estimates o f Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

May
1944

September
1944

Vallejo-Napa Area2
*

(Includes Napa and Solano Counties, Calif.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing......................... ..................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries:4
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

19,300
9,200
10,100

69,000
39,500
29,500

57,600
39,000
18,600

58,200
40,500
17,700

5,400

5,300

21,300
1,000
20,300

21,800
1,300
20,500

600

5,000

75,655

134,935

12,900
1,000
11,900

19,300
1,000
18,300

Ventura Area

(Includes Ventura County, Calif.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing................... .......................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................
Selected industries......................... ..................................

(30)

(30 )

(30 )

(80 )

69,685

75,992

Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

18,100
3,500
14,600

25,900
7,900
18,000

27,600
10,200
17,300

28,500
10,900
17,600

Selected industries:
Apparel, other fabricated textile products..............
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

500

1,900
1,700

2,200
1,500

2,600
1,600

Civilian population............................................................

101,898

103,185

Waco Area
(Includes McLennan County, Tex.)

Washington (D. C.) Area3
1

(Includes District of Columbia; Arlington County and
Alexandria City, Va.; Montgomery and Prince Georges
Counties, Md.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing32.........................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments32....................

347,000
489,000
27,000 - 49,000
320,000
440,000

480,000
50,000
430,000

474,500
49,500
425>000

Selected industries:
Ordnance and accessories................. .........................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian)32. .
Other government32................. ..................................

9,300
10,100
122,000

26,500
74,000
182,000

27,000
74,000
177,000

26,000
75,000
176,000

Civilian population .

919,632 1,175,384

..............................................

Wheeling Area
(Includes Brooke, Hancock, Marshall, and Ohio
Counties, W. Va.; Belmont, Columbiana and Jefferson
Counties, Ohio)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

113,000
54,000
59,000

120,000
63,000
57,000

115,000
61,000
54,000

116,000
62,000
54,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products...........................
Ordnance and accessories...........................................

30,500

31,500
5,800

30,000
6,200

30,500
7,200

Civilian population............................................................

454,253

405,913

37,700
8,700
29,000

95,000
58,000
37,000

93,000
56,000
37,000

90,000
54,000
36,000

Wichita Area

(Includes Sedgwick County, Kans.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments.......................

2 April 1940 figures adjusted to include workers commuting from other areas.
4 Expansion occurred chiefly in the shipbuilding industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.
30 Expansion occurred chiefly at the Pacific Naval Air Base, figures for which cannot be shown separately,
311940 Census employment figures were adjusted to accord with Civil Service Commission data on
government.
32 Employment at the Navy Yard and the Naval Torpedo Station is included in manufacturing. Other
War and Navy Department employment is included in “ Nonmanufacturing, military or naval.” Publicly
operated schools and hospitals are included here, as in other areas, among “ Other nonagricultural es­
tablishments” and the remainder of Federal and local government employment is entered as “ Other
government.”




32
Estimates o f Wartime Changes in Employment in Specified Areas— Continued
Area and type of employment

April
1940

November
1943

W ic h ita Area— C o n tin u e d
Selected industries:
Aircraft and parts; machinery.........................................

12,100

49,500

Civilian population........................................................................

143,311

34,400
16,700
17,700

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment.................................................
Machinery................................................................................
Iron and steel and their products...................................

September
1944

194,945

W illia m s p o r t A rea
(Includes Clinton, Lycoming and Union Counties, Pa.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments.. .
Manufacturing........................................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments...........................

May
1944

48,500

46,500

43,000
28,000
15,000

41,200
25,500
15,700

39,500
24,400
15,100

1,600
900
2,000

1,*M)
4,600
4,000

4,900
4,700
4,000

4,100
5,100
3,700

Civilian population........................................................................

148,437

142,518

W ilm in g to n (D e l.) A rea
(Includes N ew Castle County, Del.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing.......................................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments...........................

55,700
23,700
32,000

77,000
47,500
29,500

76,000
46,000
30,000

74,500
45,500
29,000

Selected industries:
Transportation equipment................................................
Chemicals and allied products.........................................
Iron and steel and their products...................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

2,000
8,400
1,900

16,900
13,300
3,800
1,100

15,400
13,300
3,700
1,400

15,700
13,200
3,500
1,400

Civilian population........................................................................

178,483

189,532

W ilm in g to n (N . C .) A rea
(Includes N ew Hanover, N . C .)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishm ents...
Manufacturing........................................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments...........................

11,900
3,300
8,600

31,600
20,500
11,100

31,200
20,400
10,800

29,600
18,100
11,500

900

700

700

Civilian population........................................................................

47,935

79,070

W in s t o n -S a le m -G r e e n s b o r o Area
(IncludesDavidson,Forsythand Guilford Counties,N.C.)
Civilian employees in nonagricultural establishments...
Manufacturing........................................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments...........................

99,500
59,000
40,500

104,000
67,000
37,000

101,000
65,000
36,000

105,000
66,000
39,000

Selected industries:
Textile-mill products............................................................
Tobacco manufactures.........................................................
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

28,000
12,500

30,500
14,300
1,700

28,500
13,200
1,600

27,500
13,800
1,600

Civilian population........................................................................

333,768

310,296

(Includes Worcester County, Mass.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing..................... #
.....................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

154,000
91,000
63,000

187,000
131,000
56,000

179,000
124,000
55,000

175,000
121,000
54,000

Selected industries:
Machinery...................................................................
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Stone, clay and glass products..................................

13,100
15,000
3,000

27,500
18,200
11,400

25,500
17,400
9,500

24,700
19,800
9,000

Civilian population............................................................

503,481

472,224

143,000
81,000
62,000

192,000
128,000
64,000

193,000
129,000
64,000

190,000
127,000
63,000

Selected industries:
Iron and steel and their products.............................
Electrical machinery..................................................
Machinery, except electrical.....................................
Ordnance and accessories....................... ................

55,000
16,500
13,000

68,000
13,800
11,500
5,700

66,000
14,500
9,800
5,300

64,000
15,100
9,500
6,500

Civilian population............................................................

570,482

557,428

Selected industries:4
Nonmanufacturing, military or naval (civilian). . . .

Worcester Area

Youngstown Area
(Includes Mahoning and Trumbull Counties, Ohio;
Lawrence and Mercer Counties, Pa.)
Civilian employment in nonagricultural establishments.
Manufacturing............................................................
Other nonagricultural establishments......................

i
1 Estimated.
4Expansion occurred chiefly in the shipbuilding industry, figures for which cannot be shown separately.




U. S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1945— 641894


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102