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U 2.3/IT-•-SS  Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemployment u.s -  U S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics May 1990  JUL 9  Bulletin 2361  oyment em ovment unem ment em ment em ment em ment em ment em ment oyment em em oyment em oyment em oyment em oyment em oyment em ovment em oyment em oyment em oyment em oyment em oyment oyment em oyment em em oyment em oyment em oyment em oyment em oyment oyment em em oyment em oyment em oyment unem oyment oyment em oyment em em oyment em aSijm nf em   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  oyment : e oyment oyment e oyment oyment ee oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment une oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e ovment em '  ©  oyment e oyment e oyment 0 oyment e oyment e oyment em oyment em oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment . e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment e oyment une oyment e oyment e oyment oyment ee oyment e oyment e oyment em  oyment emplc oyment em) oyment em) oyment em 3 oyment em 3 oyment unem 3 oyment em 3 oyment 3 oyment em em oyment em 33 oyment em3 oyment em 3 oyment em oyment em 33 oyment em 3 oyment 3 oyment em em oyment em 33 c oyment em 3 c oyment em oyment em 33 c oyment em 3 oyment oyment em 3 oyment 3c oyment em em oyment em 33 cc oyment em 3 c oyment 3 oyment unem em 3 oyment em 3 oyment em 3 oyment em3 oyment unem 3 oyment em 3 oyment em 3  1  Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemployment, 1989 U.S. Department of Labor Elizabeth Dole, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner May 1990 Bulletin 2361  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Preface  Annual data on labor force, employment, and unemploy­ ment in State and sub-State areas are available from two major sources—the Current Population Survey (cps) and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (laus) program. The CPS is a sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted ■ by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (bls). (A sample reduction of about 4,000 households was implemented in April 1988; they were reinstated during the 8-month period, April-November 1989.) The laus program is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor, in which estimates are prepared by State employment security agencies using concepts, definitions, and estimation procedures prescribed by BLS. This bulletin presents 1989 annual averages from the CPS for Census regions, the 50 States and the District of Colum­ bia, 50 large metropolitan areas, and 17 central cities. Data are provided on the employed and unemployed by selected demographic and economic characteristics. Comparable data for the years 1980-88 were published in previous issues of Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemployment and may be obtained upon request.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Tables 12-22 present 1989 annual average labor force estimates for all States and the District of Columbia. These estimates are used in the LAUS program as the official annual statistics. Tables 23-27 present 1989 annual labor force estimates from the CPS for 50 large metropolitan areas and 17 central cities. These estimates may differ from the official  estimates produced by the individual States through the program. CPS estimates are provided because they  LAUS  represent the only current source of information on demographic and economic characteristics of these areas. An­ nual average 1989 official laus estimates for metropolitan areas and cities will appear in the May 1990 issue of Employment and Earnings and in the annual report, Unemployment in States and Local Areas. This bulletin was prepared in the Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics by the Data Users and Publication Services Group and the Data Development Staff, in collabora­ tion with the Division of Local Area Unemployment Statistics. Material in this publication is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Contents  Page Geographic profile of employment and unemployment, 1989 ............................................................  1  Section I. Estimates for Census regions and divisions......................................................................... Tables: Census regions and divisions, 1989 annual averages: 1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status...................................................................................... 2. Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin.................................................................................... 3. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by occupation................... 4. Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic origin............................................................................................................... 5. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force for private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry.................................................... 6. Percent distribution of private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin........................................................................... 7. Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work.................... 8. Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status.......................................................................................... 9. Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and reason not at work........................................................................... 10. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemployment .............................................................. 11. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemployment..............................................................  2  Section II: Estimates for States................................................................................................................. Charts: 1. Unemployment rates by State, 1989 annual averages........................................................ 2. Changes in State unemployment rates, 1988-89 ................................................................. Tables: States, 1989 annual averages: 12. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status...................................................................................... 13. Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin....................................................................... 14. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by occupation.................... 15. Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation.......................................................................................... 16. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by industry......................... 17. Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin,and industry 18. Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work.................... 19. Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status.......................................................................................... 20. Employed civilians with a job but not at work by reason............................................... 21. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemployment .............................................................. 22. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of employment...................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  v  3 8 10 13 17 19 23 25 27 29 31 33 34 34  35 49 54 58 63 66 71 76 80 81 85  Contents—Continued  Page Section III. Estimates for metropolitan areas and cities...................................................................... Tables: Metropolitan areas and cities, 1989 annual averages: 23. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status...................................................................................... 24. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by occupation................... 25. Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation.......................................................................................... 26. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry................................................................................... 27. Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by sex, race, and Hispanic origin...................................................................................... Appendixes: A. Concepts and definitions of data derived from the Current Population Survey............ B. Sampling and estimation procedures and sampling error tables..................................... Index to tables B-8 to B-13 for rates by Census region and division.......................... Index to tables B-20 to B-25 for rates by State............................................................. Index to tables B-32 to B-37 for rates by metropolitan area and city ...................... C. Geographic boundary definitions............................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  VI  89  90 109 114 120 124  130 132 141 159 185 200  Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemployment, 1989  The Current Population Survey (CPS) is the regular monthly survey of about 60,000 households from which the national unemployment rate is derived. (See appendix A for concepts and definitions used in the CPS, and appendix B for a description of the estimation procedure.) Annual average estimates of the labor force by demo­ graphic characteristics (age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin) and economic characteristics of the employed and unem­ ployed are published in this bulletin only if they meet the bls standards of reliability for publication. (See appendix B for an explanation of the BLS standards for CPS data.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Estimates for census regions and divisions are shown in sec­ tion I; States are shown in section II; and metropolitan areas and cities are shown in section III. Since the estimates are based on a survey rather than on a complete census of the population, they are subject to sam­ pling error. Consequently, error ranges have been provided, at a 90-percent confidence interval, for the unemployment rates in the first table of section I, II, and III. In addition, appendix B provides tables from which the sampling error ranges can be obtained from the data in other tables in these sections.  1  Section I. Estimates for Census Regions and Divisions   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands)  institutional population  Number  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force Area and population group  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  UNITED STATES2  Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  186,393 88,762 97,630 14,223  123,869 67,840 56,030 7,954  66.5 76.4 57.4 55.9  117,342 64,315 53,027 6,759  63.0 72.5 54.3 47.5  6,528 3,525 3,003 1,194  5.3 5.2 5.4 15.0  5.2 5.1 5.2 14.5  - 5.4 - 5.3 - 5.5 “ 15.5  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  159,338 76,468 82,871 11,530  106,355 58,988 47,367 6,809  66.7 77.1 57.2 59.1  101,584 56,352 45,232 5,946  63.8 73.7 54.6 51.6  4,770 2,636 2,135 863  4.5 4.5 4.5 12.7  4.4 4.4 4.4 12.2  - 4.6 - 4.6 - 4.6 " 13.2  Black.............................................. Men............................................... Women.......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  21,021 9,439 11,582 2,176  13,497 6,701 6,796 925  64.2 71.0 58.7 42.5  11,953 5,928 6,025 625  56.9 62.8 52.0 28.7  1,544 773 772 300  11.4 11.5 11.4 32.4  11.1 11.0 10.8 30.4  - 11.8 - 12.1 - 11.9 34.5  Hispanic origin ............................... Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  13,791 6,825 6,965 1,399  9,323 5,595 3,728 680  67.6 82.0 53.5 48.6  8,573 5,172 3,401 548  62.2 75.8 48.8 39.2  750 423 327 132  8.0 7.6 8.8 19.4  7.7 7.1 8.2 17.6  - 8.4 - 8.0 - 9.4 - 21.2  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3.....................  45,972 106,415 34,005  33,115 72,584 18,170  72.0 68.2 53.4  30,111 70,164 17,066  65.5 65.9 50.2  3,003 2,421 1,104  9.1 3.3 6.1  8.9 3.2 5.9  _ '  9.3 3.4 6.3  Total ................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........  39,304 18,446 20,858 2,832  25,528 13,960 11,569 1,471  65.0 75.7 55.5 51.9  24,387 13,302 11,085 1,279  62.0 72.1 53.1 45.2  1,141 657 483 192  4.5 4.7 4.2 13.0  4.3 4.5 4.0 12.2  -  4.6 4.9 4.4 13.9  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women.......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  34,604 16,336 18,268 2,393  22,521 12,439 10,082 1,317  65.1 76.1 55.2 55.0  21,635 11,925 9,710 1,168  62.5 73.0 53.2 48.8  886 514 372 149  3.9 4.1 3.7 11.3  3.8 4.0 3.5 10.5  - 4.1 - 4.3 - 3.9 - 12.2  Black.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  3,661 1,606 2,056 364  2,313 1,126 1,186 134  63.2 70.1 57.7 36.7  2,086 1,000 1,086 94  57.0 62.3 52.8 25.9  227 126 101 40  9.8 11.2 8.5 29.6  9.1 10.2 7.6 25.1  - 10.5 - 12.2 - 9.3 34.2  Hispanic origin............................... Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  2,302 1,039 1,263 224  1,405 815 589 81  61.0 78.5 46.7 36.0  1,303 757 546 61  56.6 72.9 43.2 27.4  102 58 44 19  7.3 7.1 7.5 23.9  6.5 6.2 6.3 18.7  - 8.0 - 8.1 - 8.6 - 29.1  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3.....................  10,822 21,533 6,949  7,580 14,601 3,347  70.0 67.8 48.2  7,005 14,203 3,180  64.7 66.0 45.8  575 398 168  7.6 2.7 5.0  7.3 2.6 4.6  Total ................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  10,099 4,777 5,322 718  7,001 3,761 3,240 429  69.3 78.7 60.9 59.7  6,730 3,606 3,125 376  66.6 75.5 58.7 52.4  271 155 115 53  3.9 4.1 3.6 12.3  3.7 3.8 3.3 10.8  - 4.1 - 4.4 - 3.9 ~ 13.7  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  9,556 4,536 5,021 666  6,625 3,576 3,049 407  69.3 78.8 60.7 61.1  6,385 3,438 2,947 360  66.8 75.8 58.7 54.1  240 138 102 46  3.6 3.9 3.3 11.4  3.4 3.6 3.0 10.0  - 3.8 - 4.2 - 3.6 - 12.8  Black.............................................. Men............................................... Women.........................................  361 155 206  254 117 137  70.4 75.5 66.6  231 104 126  63.9 67.3 61.3  24 13 11  9.3 10.8 8.0  7.5 7.9 5.7  Hispanic origin ............................... Men............................................... Women.........................................  276 123 153  185 98 87  67.1 79.4 57.2  175 92 83  63.3 74.6 54.2  11 6 5  5.7 6.1 5.2  4.1 3.8 2.9  -  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3.....................  2,810 5,614 1,674  2,095 4,037 870  74.5 71.9 52.0  1,951 3,949 831  69.4 70.3 49.6  144 88 39  6.9 2.2 4.5  6.4 2.0 3.8  -  Northeast Region  -  7.9 2.9 5.4  New England Division  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3  11.1 - 13.6 - 10.2 -  _  7.4 8.5 7.5 7.4 2.4 5.1  Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian labor force  Employment  Unemployment  Civilian non­ institutional population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Total ................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........  29,205 13,669 15,535 2,115  18,527 10,199 8,328 1,042  63.4 74.6 53.6 49.3  17,657 9,697 7,960 903  60.5 70.9 51.2 42.7  870 502 368 139  4.7 4.9 4.4 13.4  4.5 4.7 4.2 12.3  - 4.9 - 5.1 - 4.7 - 14.4  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  25,048 11,800 13,247 1,727  15,896 8,863 7,033 910  63.5 75.1 53.1 52.7  15,250 8,487 6,763 807  60.9 71.9 51.1 46.7  646 376 270 103  4.1 4.2 3.8 11.3  3.9 4.0 3.6 10.2  - 4.2 - 4.5 - 4.1 - 12.4  Black .............................................. Men............................................... Women ......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........  3,300 1,450 1,850 324  2,059 1,009 1,049 117  62.4 69.6 56.7 36.0  1,855 896 960 83  56.2 61.7 51.9 25.6  203 114 90 34  9.9 11.3 8.5 29.0  9.2 10.2 7.6 24.1  - 10.6 - 12.4 - 9.5 - 34.0  Hispanic origin.............................. Men............................................... Women ......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  2,026 916 1,110 198  1,220 718 502 70  60.2 78.4 45.2 35.4  1,128 665 463 54  55.7 72.7 41.7 27.1  92 52 39 16  7.5 7.3 7.8 23.5  6.7 6.2 6.5 17.8  - 8.3 - 8.3 - 9.1 - 29.1  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3.....................  8,011 15,919 5,275  5,485 10,564 2,478  68.5 66.4 47.0  5,054 10,255 2,349  63.1 64.4 44.5  431 310 129  7.9 2.9 5.2  7.5 2.8 4.7  Total................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  45,345 21,687 23,658 3,611  30,775 16,822 13,953 2,248  67.9 77.6 59.0 62.3  29,123 15,915 13,208 1,932  64.2 73.4 55.8 53.5  1,651 907 745 316  5.4 5.4 5.3 14.0  5.2 5.2 5.1 13.1  - 5.5 - 5.6 - 5.6 - 14.9  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  40,463 19,477 20,986 3,055  27,759 15,297 12,462 2,010  68.6 78.5 59.4 65.8  26,535 14,615 11,920 1,777  65.6 75.0 56.8 58.2  1,224 681 543 233  4.4 4.5 4.4 11.6  4.3 4.2 4.1 10.7  - 4.6 - 4.7 - 4.6 - 12.5  Black.............................................. Men.............................................. Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  4,150 1,856 2,294 482  2,545 1,259 1,286 208  61.3 67.8 56.1 43.1  2,153 1,052 1,100 132  51.9 56.7 48.0 27.4  392 207 186 76  15.4 16.4 14.4 36.5  14.5 15.1 13.2 32.0  -  Hispanic origin.............................. Men............................................... Women ......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  983 497 486 106  708 432 276 55  72.0 86.9 56.7 52.2  660 405 254 47  67.1 81.6 52.3 44.0  48 27 21 9  6.8 6.2 7.7 15.6  5.6 4.8 5.8 9.6  - 7.9 - 7.6 - 9.7 - 21.6  Single (never married).................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3.....................  11,151 26,441 7,753  8,286 18,416 4,072  74.3 69.7 52.5  7,501 17,823 3,800  67.3 67.4 49.0  785 593 272  9.5 3.2 6.7  9.1 3.1 6.2  -  Total ................................................ Men .......................................... Women ................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  31,966 15,293 16,673 2,627  21,516 11,798 9,718 1,610  67.3 77.1 58.3 61.3  20,280 11,115 9,165 1,381  63.4 72.7 55.0 52.6  1,236 683 553 229  5.7 5.8 5.7 14.2  5.5 5.5 5.4 13.2  - 5.9 - 6.1 - 6.0 - 15.3  White......................... Men.......................... Women ........................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  27,975 13,485 14,490 2,167  19,092 10,571 8,521 1,418  68.2 78.4 58.8 65.4  18,213 10,078 8,135 1,259  65.1 74.7 56.1 58.1  879 493 386 159  4.6 4.7 4.5 11.2  4.4 4.4 4.3 10.2  - 4.8 - 4.9 - 4.8 - 12.2  Black............................ Men.................... Women................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  3,527 1,578 1,949 415  2,124 1,050 1,074 174  60.2 66.6 55.1 42.0  1,784 871 913 107  50.6 55.2 46.9 25.9  340 180 160 67  16.0 17.1 14.9 38.3  15.0 15.7 13.6 33.4  -  Hispanic origin........................... Men........................................ Women .................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  840 429 411 86  607 374 233 45  72.3 87.1 56.8 52.5  564 351 213 37  67.2 81.8 52.0 43.0  43 23 20 8  7.1 6.1 8.6 18.1  5.8 4.6 6.4 11.1  - 8.3 - 7.6 - 10.8 - 25.1  Single (never married) ................. Married, spouse present ............. Other marital status3....................  8,021 18,443 5,502  5,889 12,717 2,909  73.4 69.0 52.9  5,289 12,289 2,701  65.9 66.6 49.1  600 428 208  10.2 3.4 7.1  9.7 3.2 6.6  - 10.7 - 3.6 - 7.7  Area and population group  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Middle Atlantic Division  -  8.2 3.1 5.7  Midwest Region  16.3 17.7 15.7 41.0  9.9 3.4 7.2  East North Central Division  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  4  17.0 18.6 16.3 43.3  Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian noninstitutional population  Total ................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  Area and population group  Civilian labor force  Employment  Unemployment  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  13,379 6,394 6,985 984  9,259 5,024 4,235 638  69.2 78.6 60.6 64.8  8,843 4,800 4,043 551  66.1 75.1 57.9 56.0  416 224 192 87  4.5 4.5 4.5 13.6  4.2 4.1 4.1 11.9  - 4.8 - 4.8 - 4.9 - 15.2  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  12,488 5,992 6,495 888  8,667 4,726 3,941 592  69.4 78.9 60.7 66.7  8,322 4,538 3,784 518  66.6 75.7 58.3 58.3  345 188 156 74  4.0 4.0 4.0 12.6  3.7 3.6 3.6 10.9  - 4.2 - 4.3 - 4.4 - 14.2  Black.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  624 278 345 67  421 209 212 34  67.5 74.9 61.5 50.2  368 181 187 25  59.1 65.2 54.2 36.6  53 27 25 9  12.5 13.0 12.0 27.1  10.4 10.1 9.2 17.0  -  Hispanic origin .............................. Men............................................... Women.........................................  144 68 75  100 58 42  69.9 85.7 55.7  95 54 41  66.4 80.0 54.0  5 4 1  5.1 6.6 3.1  2.4 2.5 -.2  - 7.8 - 10.6 - 6.4  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3.....................  3,130 7,998 2,251  2,397 5,699 1,163  76.6 71.3 51.7  2,211 5,534 1,098  70.6 69.2 48.8  186 165 65  7.7 2.9 5.6  7.1 2.6 4.7  -  Total ................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  63,658 30,151 33,507 4,973  41,749 22,746 19,004 2,621  65.6 75.4 56.7 52.7  39,377 21,537 17,840 2,174  61.9 71.4 53.2 43.7  2,373 1,209 1,164 447  5.7 5.3 6.1 17.1  5.5 5.1 5.9 16.2  - 5.8 - 5.5 - 6.3 - 17.9  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  51,238 24,534 26,703 3,716  33,633 18,678 14,955 2,069  65.6 76.1 56.0 55.7  32,095 17,857 14,238 1,792  62.6 72.8 53.3 48.2  1,539 821 718 277  4.6 4.4 4.8 13.4  4.4 4.2 4.6 12.5  - 4.7 - 4.6 - 5.0 - 14.3  Black .............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  11,363 5,121 6,242 1,163  7,394 3,679 3,715 513  65.1 71.8 59.5 44.1  6,601 3,310 3,290 349  58.1 64.6 52.7 30.0  794 369 425 164  10.7 10.0 11.4 32.0  10.3 9.4 10.8 29.3  -  Hispanic origin............................... Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  4,394 2,160 2,234 420  2,956 1,751 1,205 205  67.3 81.0 53.9 48.8  2,693 1,600 1,093 160  61.3 74.1 48.9 38.2  262 150 112 45  8.9 8.6 9.3 21.9  8.2 7.7 8.2 18.5  - 9.5 - 9.4 - 10.3 - 25.2  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3.....................  14,443 37,000 12,215  10,116 25,055 6,578  70.0 67.7 53.9  9,072 24,154 6,151  62.8 65.3 50.4  1,045 901 428  10.3 3.6 6.5  10.0 3.4 6.1  - 10.7 - 3.7 - 6.9  Total ................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  32,592 15,427 17,165 2,378  21,589 11,612 9,977 1,308  66.2 75.3 58.1 55.0  20,555 11,106 9,449 1,118  63.1 72.0 55.0 47.0  1,034 506 528 189  4.8 4.4 5.3 14.5  4.6 4.1 5.0 13.3  - 5.0 - 4.6 - 5.6 - 15.6  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  25,382 12,183 13,200 1,666  16,734 9,210 7,524 979  65.9 75.6 57.0 58.7  16,117 8,893 7,224 877  63.5 73.0 54.7 52.6  617 316 300 102  3.7 3.4 4.0 10.4  3.5 3.2 3.7 9.2  - 3.9 - 3.7 - 4.3 - 11.6  Black .............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  6,675 2,994 3,681 664  4,467 2,199 2,268 309  66.9 73.4 61.6 46.5  4,065 2,016 2,049 224  60.9 67.3 55.7 33.7  401 182 219 85  9.0 8.3 9.6 27.5  8.4 7.6 8.9 24.4  - 9.5 - 9.0 - 10.4 - 30.7  Hispanic origin .............................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  1,456 711 745 103  999 580 419 56  68.6 81.6 56.2 54.3  933 544 389 51  64.1 76.5 52.2 49.3  66 36 30 5  6.6 6.2 7.2 9.2  5.6 5.0 5.6 4.3  - 7.6 - 7.5 - 8.7 - 14.0  Single (never married).................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3....................  7,647 18,609 6,336  5,562 12,577 3,450  72.7 67.6 54.4  5,092 12,198 3,265  66.6 65.5 51.5  470 380 185  8.5 3.0 5.4  8.0 2.8 4.9  -  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  West North Central Division  14.5 15.9 14.8 37.1  8.4 3.2 6.4  South Region  11.2 10.7 12.1 34.7  South Atlantic Division  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5  8.9 3.2 5.8  Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian labor force  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian noninstitutional population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Total ................................................ Men................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........  11,516 5,372 6,144 939  7,184 3,926 3,258 467  62.4 73.1 53.0 49.8  6,730 3,700 3,030 379  58.4 68.9 49.3 40.3  454 226 228 89  6.3 5.8 7.0 19.0  5.9 5.3 6.4 16.6  _  White.............................................. Men.............................................. Women........................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  9,402 4,439 4,963 714  5,928 3,305 2,622 376  63.0 74.5 52.8 52.7  5,629 3,147 2,482 316  59.9 70.9 50.0 44.3  299 158 141 60  5.0 4.8 5.4 16.0  4.7 4.3 4.8 13.5  _ 5.4 - 5.3 - 5.9 - 18.4  Black............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  2,059 908 1,151 223  1,221 602 620 90  59.3 66.2 53.9 40.4  1,068 534 534 61  51.9 58.8 46.4 27.6  153 68 85 29  12.5 11.2 13.8 31.7  11.3 9.5 11.9 25.4  _ -  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3.....................  2,469 6,793 2,254  1,596 4,514 1,073  64.7 66.5 47.6  1,398 4,341 991  56.6 63.9 44.0  198 173 82  12.4 3.8 7.7  11.3 3.5 6.6  - 13.5 - 4.2 - 8.8  Total ............................................... Men ............................................... Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  19,550 9,352 10,198 1,656  12,976 7,207 5,769 846  66.4 77.1 56.6 51.1  12,092 6,731 5,361 677  61.9 72.0 52.6 40.9  884 476 408 169  6.8 6.6 7.1 20.0  6.5 6.2 6.7 18.5  _  White............................................. Men.............................................. Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  16,453 7,912 8,541 1,335  10,972 6,163 4,809 713  66.7 77.9 56.3 53.4  10,349 5,816 4,532 598  62.9 73.5 53.1 44.8  623 347 277 115  5.7 5.6 5.8 16.1  5.4 5.3 5.3 14.5  _ 6.0 - 6.0 - 6.2 - 17.7  Black.............................................. Men.............................................. Women........................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  2,629 1,219 1,410 277  1,706 879 827 114  64.9 72.1 58.7 41.2  1,467 760 707 64  55.8 62.4 50.1 22.9  240 119 121 51  14.0 13.5 14.6 44.3  12.9 11.9 12.9 37.5  -  Hispanic origin .............................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  2,899 1,431 1,467 313  1,930 1,154 776 149  66.6 80.6 52.9 47.5  1,736 1,040 695 109  59.9 72.7 47.4 34.8  194 114 80 40  10.0 9.8 10.3 26.8  9.2 8.7 8.9 22.6  -  Single (never married) ................. Married, spouse present ............. Other marital status3....................  4,328 11,597 3,625  2,958 7,963 2,055  68.3 68.7 56.7  2,582 7,616 1,895  59.7 65.7 52.3  376 348 161  12.7 4.4 7.8  12.0 4.1 7.1  -  Total ................................................ Men ............................................... Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  38,106 18,495 19,611 2,809  25,843 14,333 11,510 1,615  67.8 77.5 58.7 57.5  24,476 13,577 10,898 1,375  64.2 73.4 55.6 49.0  1,367 756 612 240  5.3 5.3 5.3 14.9  5.1 5.0 5.1 13.8  _ 5.5 - 5.5 - 5.6 - 15.9  White.............................................. Men.............................................. Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  33,075 16,146 16,929 2,371  22,480 12,599 9,880 1,416  68.0 78.0 58.4 59.7  21,352 11,977 9,375 1,211  64.6 74.2 55.4 51.1  1,127 622 505 204  5.0 4.9 5.1 14.4  4.8 4.7 4.8 13.3  _  Black.............................................. Men.............................................. Women........................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  1,785 829 956 159  1,206 618 588 67  67.6 74.6 61.5 42.2  1,078 549 529 48  60.4 66.2 55.4 30.0  128 70 59 20  10.6 11.2 10.0 28.9  9.5 9.6 8.4 21.4  -  Hispanic origin .............................. Men.............................................. Women........................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  6,199 3,174 3,024 659  4,316 2,635 1,681 344  69.6 83.0 55.6 52.2  3,973 2,444 1,529 284  64.1 77.0 50.6 43.1  343 191 152 60  7.9 7.2 9.0 17.5  7.4 6.6 8.1 14.9  - 8.5 - 7.9 - 10.0 - 20.2  Single (never married) ................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status3....................  9,565 21,450 7,091  7,142 14,519 4,183  74.7 67.7 59.0  6,542 13,988 3,945  68.4 65.2 55.6  599 531 237  8.4 3.7 5.7  8.0 3.5 5.2  Area and population group  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  East South Central Division 6.7 6.3 7.6 21.3 -  -  13.8 12.9 15.6 38.1  West South Central Division 7.1 7.0 - 7.5 - 21.5 -  15.2 15.1 16.3 51.1  10.9 - 11.0 - 11.8 " 30.9 -  13.5 4.7 8.5  West Region  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  6  5.2 5.2 5.4 15.5 -  “  11.8 12.9 11.5 36.5  8.8 3.8 6.1  Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force  Civilian noninstitutional population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Total ................................................ Men................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  9,791 4,715 5,076 764  6,622 3,635 2,987 459  67.6 77.1 58.9 60.0  6,258 3,432 2,826 387  63.9 72.8 55.7 50.7  364 203 161 71  5.5 5.6 5.4 15.6  5.2 5.2 5.0 14.0  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  9,174 4,417 4,757 700  6,214 3,418 2,796 430  67.7 77.4 58.8 61.5  5,890 3,237 2,653 366  64.2 73.3 55.8 52.2  324 181 143 65  5.2 5.3 5.1 15.1  4.9 4.9 4.7 13.5  Black.............................................. Women.........................................  285 146 139  192 107 85  67.4 73.3 61.2  171 95 76  60.0 65.1 54.5  21 12 9  11.0 11.1 10.9  8.7 8.0 7.4  Hispanic origin .............................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  1,268 623 645 131  848 477 371 68  66.9 76.5 57.5 52.2  770 434 337 54  60.8 69.6 52.2 41.0  77 43 34 15  9.1 9.1 9.2 21.4  8.1 7.7 7.7 16.7  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present .............. Other marital status13..................... 2  2,142 5,860 1,789  1,590 3,969 1,062  74.2 67.7 59.4  1,442 3,820 996  67.3 65.2 55.7  148 150 66  9.3 3.8 6.3  8.6 3.5 5.5  Total ................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  28,315 13,780 14,535 2,045  19,221 10,698 8,523 1,157  67.9 77.6 58.6 56.6  18,218 10,145 8,072 988  64.3 73.6 55.5 48.3  1,003 553 450 169  5.2 5.2 5.3 14.6  5.0 4.9 5.0 13.3  -  White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  23,901 11,729 12,172 1,671  16,266 9,181 7,084 985  68.1 78.3 58.2 59.0  15,462 8,740 6,722 846  64.7 74.5 55.2 50.6  804 441 362 139  4.9 4.8 5.1 14.2  4.7 4.5 4.8 12.8  - 5.2 - 5.1 - 5.5 - 15.5  Black .............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  1,499 683 817 126  1,013 511 503 53  67.6 74.8 61.5 41.8  907 453 453 38  60.5 66.4 55.5 29.8  107 58 49 15  10.5 11.3 9.8 28.7  9.2 9.4 8.0 19.8  “  Hispanic origin .............................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  4,930 2,551 2,379 528  3,468 2,158 1,310 276  70.3 84.6 55.1 52.2  3,202 2,010 1,192 230  64.9 78.8 50.1 43.6  265 148 118 46  7.7 6.8 9.0 16.6  7.0 6.1 7.9 13.5  - 8.3 - 7.6 - 10.1 - 19.6  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present ............. Other marital status3.....................  7,423 15,590 5,302  5,551 10,549 3,120  74.8 67.7 58.8  5,100 10,168 2,949  68.7 65.2 55.6  451 381 171  8.1 3.6 5.5  7.7 3.4 5.0  Area and population group  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Mountain Division  -  5.8 6.0 5.8 17.1  5.5 - 5.7 - 5.5 “ 16.6 -  - 13.4 - 14.3 - 14.4 ~  10.2 10.4 10.8 26.1  - 10.0 - 4.1 - 7.0  Pacific Division  “  11.9 13.2 11.6 37.7  8.6 3.8 6.0  meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percentages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups. NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percentages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval, which means that if repeated samples were drawn from the same popula­ tion and an error range constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out of 10 cases the true value based on a complete census of the population would be contained within these error ranges. 2 Because of separate processing and weighting procedures, totals for the United States differ from the results obtained by aggregating the totals for regions and States. 3 "Other marital status” includes divorced, widowed, separated, and mar­ ried with spouse absent. NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  5.4 5.4 5.6 15.9  7  Table 2. Census regions and divisions: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages (In thousands) Employed  Unemployed  Full time Population group and area  Part time Part time for economic reasons, usually work full time  Part time for economic reasons, usually work part time  Looking for Looking for full-time work part-time work  Total  Full-time schedules1  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic..........................  20,254 5,473 14,781  20,011 5,406 14,606  243 67 176  4,133 1,257 2,876  3,706 1,158 2,548  427 99 328  927 209 718  213 62 152  Midwest........................................ East North Central................... West North Central..................  23,575 16,473 7,102  23,209 16,227 6,982  366 246 120  5,548 3,807 1,741  4,707 3,234 1,473  841 573 268  1,279 970 309  372 266 106  South ............................................ South Atlantic ........................... East South Central................... West South Central ..................  33,322 17,520 5,664 10,139  32,630 17,184 5,523 9,923  692 335 142 215  6,054 3,035 1,066 1,953  4,921 2,580 854 1,488  1,133 456 212 465  1,913 831 375 707  460 204 79 177  West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific........................................  20,230 5,118 15,112  19,800 5,007 14,793  430 111 319  4,246 1,140 3,106  3,478 902 2,576  768 237 530  1,095 285 810  272 79 193  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic..........................  12,160 3,280 8,881  12,022 3,241 8,781  139 39 100  1,142 326 816  977 287 690  165 39 126  579 132 447  79 23 55  Midwest........................................ East North Central ................... West North Central..................  14,207 9,971 4,235  13,994 9,827 4,168  212 145 67  1,708 1,144 565  1,383 920 463  325 224 101  758 579 180  148 104 44  South ........................................... South Atlantic........................... East South Central................... West South Central .................  19,396 10,088 3,307 6,001  19,018 9,904 3,236 5,878  378 183 71 123  2,141 1,018 392 730  1,650 838 300 512  490 181 92 218  1,020 426 196 398  188 80 30 78  West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific........................................  12,134 3,052 9,082  11,871 2,987 8,884  263 65 198  1,443 380 1,064  1,126 282 843  318 97 221  641 167 474  115 36 79  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic..........................  8,094 2,194 5,900  7,990 2,165 5,825  104 29 75  2,991 931 2,060  2,730 871 1,858  261 60 202  349 77 272  135 38 97  Midwest........................................ East North Central ................... West North Central..................  9,369 6,502 2,867  9,215 6,401 2,814  154 101 53  3,840 2,663 1,176  3,324 2,314 1,009  516 349 167  521 391 130  224 162 62  South ............................................ South Atlantic........................... East South Central................... West South Central .................  13,926 7,432 2,357 4,137  13,612 7,280 2,286 4,045  314 152 70 92  3,914 2,017 673 1,223  3,271 1,742 554 976  643 275 120 248  893 405 179 309  272 124 49 99  West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific........................................  8,096 2,066 6,030  7,929 2,020 5,909  167 46 121  2,803 760 2,043  2,352 620 1,733  450 140 310  455 118 336  157 43 114  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic..........................  475 143 331  458 137 321  17 6 11  804 233 571  742 215 526  63 18 45  104 24 80  88 29 59  Midwest........................................ East North Central ................... West North Central..................  648 467 180  621 450 171  26 17 9  1,285 914 371  1,134 809 325  151 104 46  144 107 37  172 122 50  South ..................................... South Atlantic ........................... East South Central................... West South Central .................  902 479 156 267  853 456 147 250  49 22 9 17  1,272 639 223 410  1,110 573 191 345  162 67 31 64  226 101 44 81  221 89 45 88  West .............................................  550  521  30  825  714  111  123  117  Total  Voluntary1  TOTAL  Men  Women  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  8  Table 2. Census regions and divisions: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Employed  Unemployed Part time  Full time Population group and area Total  Full-time schedules1  Part time for economic reasons, usually work full time  Total  Voluntary1  Part time for economic reasons, usually work part time  Looking for Looking for full-time work part-time work  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years—Continued  146 404  136 385  10 20  241 583  204 510  37 73  37 86  34 83  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic...........................  17,828 5,177 12,650  17,612 5,113 12,500  215 64 151  3,807 1,208 2,599  3,439 1,116 2,323  369 92 277  709 185 524  178 55 123  Midwest ........................................ East North Central.................... West North Central...................  21,407 14,735 6,672  21,073 14,518 6,555  334 217 117  5,128 3,478 1,650  4,407 3,000 1,407  721 478 243  930 678 252  294 201 93  South ............................................ South Atlantic........................... East South Central.................... West South Central ..................  27,209 13,732 4,769 8,707  26,701 13,510 4,661 8,530  508 223 108 177  4,886 2,385 860 1,641  4,118 2,098 725 1,295  768 287 135 346  1,229 491 243 495  310 125 56 129  West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific........................................  17,601 4,809 12,793  17,206 4,702 12,504  395 106 289  3,751 1,082 2,669  3,091 858 2,233  660 224 436  894 249 644  234 74 159  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic...........................  1,834 200 1,633  1,809 198 1,612  24 2 22  252 30 222  202 26 176  50 5 46  194 18 176  33 6 27  Midwest........................................ East North Central.................... West North Central...................  1,818 1,503 315  1,790 1,477 313  29 26 3  334 281 53  228 195 33  106 86 20  322 279 43  70 61 9  South ............................................ South Atlantic........................... East South Central.................... West South Central ..................  5,551 3,471 870 1,209  5,378 3,363 836 1,178  173 108 34 31  1,050 594 198 258  707 434 123 151  343 160 76 107  652 326 130 196  141 75 23 44  West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific........................................  936 152 785  924 149 774  13 2 10  141 19 122  100 13 87  41 6 35  110 (12> 90  o  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic..........................  1,171 159 1,012  1,154 157 997  16 2 15  132 16 116  114 13 101  18 2 16  0  Midwest........................................ East North Central .................... West North Central...................  584 505 79  574 497 78  10 9 1  76 59 17  58 45 13  18 14 4  South ............................................ South Atlantic........................... West South Central ..................  2,301 823 1,457  2,233 805 1,407  69 18 50  392 109 278  251 83 164  141 26 114  211 58 150  52 8 44  West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific ........................................  3,406 638 2,768  3,270 615 2,655  136 23 113  567 132 434  382 90 292  185 42 143  294 65 229  49 12 36  Mountain.................................... Pacific ........................................ White  Black  18 17  Hispanic origin  1 Employed persons with a job but not at work are distributed accord­ ing to whether they usuaHy work full or part time. 2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  91 81  12 <2) 11 8 8  40 35  r  <2>  NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  9  Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands) Northeast Employment status and occupation Total  South  Midwest  New Middle England Atlantic  Total  East West North North Central Central  Total  West  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  7,001 3,529 3,472 444 208 200 433 801  1,664 852 812 87 38 46 108 198  5,336 2,677 2,659 357 170 153 325 603  CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE  Managerial and professional specialty ......................................... Executive, administrative, and managerial ................................ Professional specialty ................................................................ Engineers................................................................................... Mathematical and computer scientists .................................. Health diagnosing occupations................................................ Health assessment and treating occupations........................ Teachers, except college and university................................  7,068 3,382 3,687 429 225 218 576 833  2,042 959 1,082 150 76 57 165 243  5,027 2,422 2,604 279 149 161 411 590  7,067 3,285 3,782 426 192 191 599 967  4,929 2,314 2,615 315 138 138 406 648  2,138 971 1,167 112 54 52 193 320  9,891 5,009 4,882 552 243 248 665 1,405  5,365 2,735 2,630 293 153 149 370 687  1,419 705 714 84  225  3,107 1,569 1,538 175 67 70 173 493  Technical, sales, and administrative support............................... Technicians and related support................................................ Health technologists and technicians ..................................... Engineering and science technicians...................................... Sales occupations ....................................................................... Supervisors and proprietors ................................................ Sales representatives, finance and business services......... Sales representatives, commodities, except retail ................ Sales workers, retail and personal services .......................... Administrative support, including clerical .................................. Computer equipment operators ............................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................. Financial records processing ................................................... Mail and message distributing .................................................  7,971 800 278 239 2,946 795 524 371 1,245 4,226 216 1,173 525 228  2,186 226 70 72 834 226 150 114 342 1,126 58 285 150 58  5,785 574 209 167 2,111 569 374 257 902 3,100 157 888 375 170  9,204 855 336 278 3,610 933 546 431 1,676 4,738 244 1,211 620 262  6,434 577 228 188 2,551 644 393 308 1,192 3,306 176 845 408 182  2,769 278 108 91 1,059 289 154 123 484 1,433 68 365 212 81  12,522 1,273 452 395 5,070 1,381 777 541 2,351 6,178 281 1,631 803 297  6,551 687 221 224 2,618 707 440 262 1,202 3,246 140 855 413 160  1,976 205 95 52 819 230 97 88 400 951 40 238 123 41  3,995 381 136 118 1,632 445 240 190 749 1,981 100 538 268 96  7,911 808 236 278 3,086 816 590 310 1,354 4,017 168 943 526 199  2,029 219 62 75 811 211 152 76 369 999 47 248 139 47  5,882 588 174 203 2,275 605 438 235 984 3,018 121 695 387 152  Service occupations....................................................................... Private household........................................................................ Protective service ........................................................................ Service, except private household and protective................... Food service ............................................................................. Health service ........................................................................... Cleaning and building service .................................................. Personal service........................................................................  3,359 154 482 2,722 1,076 562 656 428  847 26 114 707 302 136 160 108  2,511 128 367 2,016 774 426 496 320  4,189 203 416 3,570 1,572 570 829 600  2,904 138 316 2,449 1,103 382 586 378  1,285 65 100 1,121 468 188 243 221  5,605 368 722 4,514 1,890 687 1,104 833  2,857 192 387 2,278 934 367 548 429  926 61 108 758 322 125 182 130  1,822 115 227 1,479 635 195 375 274  3,496 202 414 2,881 1,308 348 657 568  1,011 41 108 863 385 95 198 185  2,485 161 306 2,018 923 253 459 384  Precision production, craft, and repair ......................................... Mechanics and repairers ............................................................ Construction trades.....................................................................  2,946 954 1,166  861 246 366  2,086 708 800  3,499 1,107 1,185  2,515 784 840  984 323 345  5,194 1,701 2,076  2,721 926 1,147  952 291 358  1,521 483 571  2,940 949 1,141  761 268 288  2,179 681 854  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors...................... Transportation and material moving occupations .................... Motor vehicle operators........................................................... Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers............. Construction laborers ...............................................................  3,722 1,704 977 764 1,040 187  934 484 222 176 228 42  2,788 1,221 755 587 812 146  5,421 2,620 1,346 976 1,455 206  3,998 2,013 965 706 1,020 150  1,423 607 381 270 435 56  7,009 3,123 1,921 1,378 1,966 327  3,450 1,560 937 687 952 165  1,574 777 412 286 385 61  1,985 786 571 405 628 100  3,438 1,472 946 697 1,020 188  871 302 293 215 276 48  2,567 1,170 653 482 744 140  Farming, forestry, and fishing ....................................................... Farm operators and managers...................................................  343 82  104 22  240 60  1,185 631  574 253  610 377  1,224 367  530 127  265 103  428 137  909 194  246 87  663 106  Managerial and professional specialty ......................................... Executive, administrative, and managerial ................................ Professional specialty ................................................................. Engineers................................................................................... Mathematical and computer scientists ................................... Health diagnosing occupations................................................ Health assessment and treating occupations........................ Teachers, except college and university................................  6,941 3,313 3,629 423 220 218 570 820  2,004 938 1,066 148 74 57 164 239  4,937 2,375 2,563 275 146 161 406 581  6,940 3,219 3,721 421 190 189 593 950  4,836 2,266 2,570 311 136 137 402 636  2,105 953 1,152 110 53 52 191 313  9,684 4,883 4,801 544 241 248 653 1,379  5,258 2,671 2,587 290 152 149 363 673  1,390 687 703 84 (2) (2> 119 222  3,037 1,526 1,511 170 66 70 170 484  6,848 3,441 3,406 438 203 199 426 789  1,627 830 797 87 37 46 106 193  5,220 2,611 2,609 351 165 153 320 596  Technical, sales, and administrative support............................... Technicians and related support................................................ Health technologists and technicians ..................................... Engineering and science technicians...................................... Sales occupations ....................................................................... Supervisors and proprietors .................................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services.......... Sales representatives, commodities, except retail................ Sales workers, retail and personal services .......................... Administrative support, including clerical .................................. Computer equipment operators .............................................. Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................. Financial records processing ................................................... Mail and message distributing .............................................  7,694 782 274 232 2,840 779 514 360 1,177 4,072 206 1,137 507 217  2,123 221 69 70 811 223 146 110 330 1,091 56 277 146 56  5,571 561 205 162 2,029 556 368 250 847 2,981 150 860 361 161  8,850 834 330 270 3,455 909 535 421 1,567 4,561 237 1,168 600 251  6,179 562 223 181 2,438 630 384 300 1,110 3,179 171 816 395 171  2,672 273 106 89 1,017 280 152 121 457 1,382 66 353 205 80  11,988 1,244 443 386 4,810 1,344 749 526 2,170 5,934 269 1,567 777 291  6,308 672 217 219 2,500 690 427 257 1,119 3,136 135 827 402 157  1,898 202 93 51 779 224 94 86 370 918 39 227 119 41  3,783 371 133 116 1,532 430 229 184 681 1,880 95 513 256 93  7,603 785 230 267 2,963 796 574 304 1,273 3,855 164 915 512 193  1,945 214 61 73 775 205 147 73 347 957 46 238 134 46  5,658 571 169 194 2,188 591 427 231 927 2,898 118 677 378 147  Service occupations............................................................. Private household........................................................................ Protective service ........................................................................ Service, except private household and protective.............. Food service.............................................................................. Health service ........................................................................... Cleaning and building service .................................................  3,191 146 467 2,577 1,009 542 612  811 25 112 674 285 132 151  2,379 121 355 1,903 724 410 461  3,920 195 401 3,324 1,444 533 769  2,701 133 306 2,262 1,007 354 539  1,219 62 95 1,062 437 179 231  5,189 346 693 4,150 1,707 640 1,007  2,672 181 374 2,116 855 347 500  852 57 104 692 282 115 172  1,665 108 215 1,342 570 178 335  3,260 185 398 2,676 1,194 326 610  941 38 102 801 351 88 183  2,319 147 296 1,876 843 237 427  o 0121  EMPLOYED  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10  Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Employment status and occupation Total  Northeast  Midwest  New Middle England Atlantic  East West North North Central Central  Total  South Total  West  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  EMPLOYED—Continued  Personal service.........................................................................  414  106  308  578  363  215  796  414  123  259  547  178  369  Precision production, craft, and repair .......................................... Mechanics and repairers ............................................................. Construction trades......................................................................  2,796 927 1,076  820 239 341  1,976 688 735  3,307 1,065 1,076  2,372 752 762  935 314 314  4,921 1,640 1,924  2,607 901 1,077  898 281 329  1,416 457 518  2,793 917 1,065  718 260 262  2,075 657 803  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ..................... Transportation and matenal moving occupations ..................... Motor vehicle operators............................................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.............. Construction laborers ................................................................  3,446 1,590 923 723 934 154  876 458 211 168 207 35  2,570 1,132 712 554 726 119  4,972 2,408 1,263 913 1,302 170  3,653 1,843 899 656 911 123  1,320 565 364 257 390 48  6,448 2,887 1,813 1,305 1,748 272  3,206 1,453 896 659 857 141  1,442 713 390 273 339 50  1,799 720 527 373 552 81  3,146 1,357 886 659 903 158  799 280 273 201 247 38  2,347 1,077 613 459 657 120  Farming, forestry, and fishing........................................................ Farm operators and managers...................................................  319 81  96 22  222 60  1,134 630  541 253  594 377  1,147 364  504 126  250 103  392 135  826 193  227 87  599 106  Managerial and professional specialty.......................................... Executive, administrative, and managerial ................................. Professional specialty ..................................................... ............ Engineers.................................................................................... Mathematical and computer scientists .................................... Health diagnosing occupations................................................ Health assessment and treating occupations......................... Teachers, except college and university .................................  127 69 58 6 5 (3> 6 13  38 21 16 2 1 <3) 1 4  89 48 42 4 3  93 48 45 4 2 1 4 12  34 18 16 2 1  207 125 82 8 3  108 64 43 3 1  29 18 11 1  (2>  70 43 27 5 1  a  p)  (2)  5 9  127 66 61 6 3 1 6 18  37 22 15 1 1 <3) 2 4  116 66 50 6 4 (3) 5 8  Technical, sales, and administrative support................................ Technicians and related support................................................ Health technologists and technicians ..................................... Engineering and science technicians....................................... Sales occupations ........................................................................ Supervisors and proprietors ..................................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services.......... Sales representatives, commodities, except retail ................. Sales workers, retail and personal services ........................... Administrative support, including clerical ................................... Computer equipment operators ............................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................. Financial records processing ................................................... Mail and message distributing .................................................  277 17 5 7 105 16 9 10 68 154 10 36 18 11  63 5 1 2 23 3 4 4 13 35 3 8 4 2  214 13 4 5 82 13 6 7 55 119 7 28 14 9  353 21 7 8 155 23 11 10 109 178 6 42 20 12  Service occupations........................................................................ Private household......................................................................... Protective service ......................................................................... Service, except private household and protective.................... Food service............................................................................... Health service ............................................................................ Cleaning and building service .................................................. Persona1 service.........................................................................  168 8 14 145 67 20 44 14  36 1 2 33 17 5 9 2  132 7 12 113 50 16 35 12  Precision production, craft, and repair ......................................... Mechanics and repairers ............................................................. Construction trades ......................................................................  150 27 90  41 6 25  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors....................... Transportation and material moving occupations ..................... Motor vehicle operators............................................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.............. Construction laborers ................................................................  275 114 55 41 107 33  Farming, forestry, and fishing ........................................................ Farm operators and managers...................................................  25 1  UNEMPLOYED  2 6  12 26  7 14  2 4  3 8  153 88 65 7 5 0 7 12  256 16 5 7 113 14 9 8 82 127 5 29 13 11  98 5 2 1 42 9 2 2 28 51 1 13 7 1  534 29 9 9 260 37 28 14 181 245 12 64 26 6  244 15 4 5 119 17 13 6 83 110 5 28 11 3  78 4 2 1 41 5 3 3 30 34 2 11 3 <3)  212 11 3 3 101 15 12 6 68 101 6 24 12 3  308 23 6 12 123 20 16 6 80 162 4 28 15 6  84 5 1 3 36 6 5 2 22 42 1 10 5 1  224 17 5 9 87 14 11 4 58 120 3 18 10 5  269 8 15 246 128 37 60 22  203 5 10 187 96 28 47 16  67 3 5 59 31 9 13 6  416 22 29 365 183 47 98 37  185 11 13 162 79 20 48 15  74 4 4 66 39 10 10 7  156 7 12 137 65 17 40 15  236 16 15 205 114 22 47 21  70 3 5 62 33 6 15 7  166 14 10 142 80 16 32 14  110 21 65  192 41 109  143 32 78  49 10 31  273 61 153  114 25 70  54 10 29  105 26 53  147 32 76  44 8 26  104 24 51  58 26 11 8 21 7  217 88 43 33 86 26  449 212 84 63 153 35  345 170 66 50 109 27  104 42 17 13 44 8  561 236 108 72 218 54  243 107 41 28 95 24  132 64 22 13 47 11  186 66 45 31 76 19  292 115 60 37 117 29  72 22 21 14 29 10  220 93 39 23 88 20  7  18 1  51 1  34 1  17 (3>  77 2  26 (3>  15 (3>  36 2  83 1  19 (3>  64 1  1.8 2.2 1.5 1.4 2.0  1.8 2.0 1.6 1.3 1.4 .6 .9 1.9  1.9 2.1 1.7 1.2 1.5 .6 .9 1.8  1.6 1.9 1.3 1.8 1.3 .5 .9 1.9  2.1 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.1 .2 1.8 1.9  2.0 2.3 1.7 1.0 .9 .2 1.9 2.1  2.1 2.6 1.6 .7 (2)  .6 1.8  1.8 2.0 1.6 1.4 2.1 .2 1.2 1.5  1.7 1.6  2.3 2.8 1.8 2.7 1.4 .2 1.6 1.7  2.2 2.5 1.9 1.5 2.6 .2 1.6 1.5  2.2 2.6 1.8 .8 2.5 .2 1.8 2.2  2.2 2.4 1.9 1.7 2.6 .1 1.5 1.3  2.9 2.1 1.1  3.7 2.2 2.0  3.8 2.4 2.0  4.0 2.7 2.2  3.5 1.8 1.7  4.3 2.3 2.1  3.7 2.1 2.0  3.9 1.8 2.1  5.3 2.8 2.3  3.9 2.8 2.5  4.1 2.4 1.9  3.8 2.9 2.7  i3)  t3)  o  (3)  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE  Managerial and professional specialty ......................................... Executive, administrative, and managerial ................................ Professional specialty .................................................................. Engineers .................................................................................... Mathematical and computer scientists .................................... Health diagnosing occupations................................................ Health assessment and treating occupations......................... Teachers, except college and university .................................  1.8 2.0 1.6 1.4 2.0 .1 1.1 1.6  Technical, sales, and administrative support............................... Technicians and related support ................................................ Health technologists and technicians.....................................  3.5 2.2 1.7  (3i  i2)  | See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Northeast Employment status and occupation Total  South  Midwest  New Middle England Atlantic  Total  East West North North Central Central  Total  West  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE—Continued  Engineering and science technicians...................................... Saies occupations ....................................................................... Supervisors and proprietors .................................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services.......... Sales representatives, commodities, except retail ................ Sales workers, retail and personal services .......................... Administrative support, including clerical .................................. Computer equipment operators ............................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................. Financial records processing ................................................... Mail and message distributing .................................................  3.0 3.6 2.0 1.8 2.8 5.5 3.6 4.5 3.1 3.5 4.7  2.7 2.8 1.5 2.4 3.3 3.7 3.1 4.5 2.9 2.7 3.1  3.1 3.9 2.2 1.6 2.6 6.1 3.8 4.5 3.1 3.8 5.3  3.0 4.3 2.5 2.0 2.3 6.5 3.8 2.6 3.5 3.2 4.5  3.6 4.4 2.2 2.3 2.5 6.9 3.8 2.8 3.5 3.1 5.9  1.6 3.9 3.1 1.3 1.9 5.7 3.6 2.1 3.5 3.5 1.3  2.3 5.1 2.7 3.6 2.6 7.7 4.0 4.3 3.9 3.2 2.0  2.3 4.5 2.4 2.9 2.1 6.9 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.7 1.8  2.6 5.0 2.3 3.0 3.0 7.5 3.5 4.0 4.7 2.7 1.1  2.3 6.2 3.4 4.9 3.2 9.0 5.1 5.6 4.6 4.4 2.8  4.1 4.0 2.5 2.7 1.9 5.9 4.0 2.6 3.0 2.8 2.8  3.5 4.5 2.7 3.3 2.9 6.1 4.2 2.8 4.0 3.5 1.2  4.4 3.8 2.4 2.5 1.6 5.9 4.0 2.6 2.6 2.6 3.3  Service occupations....................................................................... Private household........................................................................ Protective service ........................................................................ Service, except private household and protective.................... Food service.............................................................................. Health service ........................................................................... Cleaning and building service.................................................. Personal service........................................................................  5.0 5.4 3.0 5.3 6.2 3.6 6.6 3.3  4.2 3.4 2.0 4.6 5.7 3.3 5.6 1.8  5.3 5.8 3.3 5.6 6.4 3.8 7.0 3.8  6.4 4.0 3.6 6.9 8.1 6.4 7.2 3.7  7.0 4.0 3.2 7.6 8.7 7.3 8.1 4.2  5.2 4.1 5.0 5.3 6.7 4.8 5.2 2.8  7.4 6.0 4.0 8.1 9.7 6.8 8.9 4.5  6.5 5.7 3.3 7.1 8.4 5.5 8.7 3.4  8.0 6.4 3.9 8.8 12.2 7.9 5.6 5.5  8.6 6.4 5.3 9.2 10.2 8.5 10.6 5.6  6.7 8.1 3.6 7.1 8.7 6.5 7.2 3.7  6.9 6.1 5.0 7.2 8.7 6.7 7.8 3.8  6.7 8.6 3.2 7.1 8.7 6.3 6.9 3.7  Precision production, craft, and repair ......................................... Mechanics and repairers ............................................................ Construction trades .....................................................................  5.1 2.8 7.7  4.8 2.5 6.9  5.3 2.9 8.1  5.5 3.7 9.2  5.7 4.1 9.3  5.0 3.0 9.1  5.2 3.6 7.3  4.2 2.7 6.1  5.7 3.4 8.1  6.9 5.4 9.3  5.0 3.4 6.7  5.7 3.1 9.0  4.8 3.5 5.9  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors...................... Transportation and material moving occupations..................... Motor vehicle operators........................................................... Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers............. Construction laborers...............................................................  7.4 6.7 5.6 5.4 10.3 17.8  6.2 5.3 5.1 4.5 9.2 16.6  7.8 7.2 5.7 5.6 10.6 18.2  8.3 8.1 6.2 6.4 10.5 17.2  8.6 8.5 6.9 7.1 10.6 18.1  7.3 6.9 4.6 4.8 10.2 14.9  8.0 7.6 5.6 5.3 11.1 16.6  7.0 6.8 4.4 4.1 10.0 14.6  8.4 8.2 5.2 4.6 12.1 18.0  9.4 8.3 7.8 7.7 12.1 19.0  8.5 7.8 6.3 5.4 11.5 15.7  8.2 7.2 7.0 6.6 10.7 20.5  8.6 8.0 6.0 4.8 11.8 14.0  Farming, forestry, and fishing ....................................................... Farm operators and managers...................................................  7.2 1.1  7.0 1.5  7.3 1.0  4.3 .2  5.9 .3  2.8  6.3 .7  4.9 .4  5.5 .3  8.5 1.3  9.1 .4  7.8 .2  9.6 .6  1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience. 2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent. NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of rounding.  12  Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages  Population group and occupation Total  Northeast  Midwest  New Middle Englanc Atlantic  Total  East North Centra  West North Central  Total  South  West  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  TOTAL  24 387 100 0 Managerial and professional speciality .......................................  29.8 13 9 15.8 2.2 1.1 .8 2.4 3.6  28.0  23.8  23.8  23.8  24.6  25.6  20.6  25.1  28.0  26.0  28.7  Professional specialty ................................................................. Engineers................................................................................... Mathematical and computer scientists .................................. Health diagnosing occupations............................................... Health assessment and treating occupations....................... Teachers, except college and university...............................  28.5 13 6 14.9 1.7 .9 .9 2.3 3.4  14.5 1.6 .8 .9 2.3 3.3  12.8 1.4 .7 .7 2.0 3.3  12.7 1.5 .7 .7 2.0 3.1  13.0 1.2 .6 .6 2.2 3.5  12.2 1.4 .6 .6 1.7 3.5  12.6 1.4 .7 .7 1.8 3.3  10.4 1.2 .3 .4 1.8 3.3  12.5 1.4 .5 .6 1.4 4.0  13.9 1.8 .8 .8 1.7 3.2  12.7 1.4 .6 .7 1.7 3.1  14.3 1.9 .9 .8 1.8 3.3  Technical, sales, and administrative support.............................. Technicians and related support............................................... Health technologists and technicians.................................... Engineering and science technicians..................................... Sales occupations ....................................................................... Supervisors and proprietors .................................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services......... Sales representatives, commodities, except retail................ Sales workers, retail and personal sen/ices ........................... Administrative support, including clerical .................................. Computer equipment operators ............................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................. Financial records processing ................................................... Mail and message distributing .................................................  31.6 3.2 1.1 1.0 11.6 3.2 2.1 1.5 4.8 16.7 .8 4.7 2.1 .9  31.5 3.3 1.0 1.0 12.0 3.3 2.2 1.6 4.9 16.2 .8 4.1 2.2 .8  31.6 3.2 1.2 .9 11.5 3.1 2.1 1.4 4.8 16.9 .9 4.9 2.0 .9  30.4 2.9 1.1 .9 11.9 3.1 1.8 1.4 5.4 15.7 .8 4.0 2.1 .9  30.5 2.8 1.1 .9 12.0 3.1 1.9 1.5 5.5 15.7 .8 4.0 1.9 .8  30.2 3.1 1.2 1.0 11.5 3.2 1.7 1.4 5.2 15.6 .7 4.0 2.3 .9  30.4 3.2 1.1 1.0 12.2 3.4 1.9 1.3 5.5 15.1 .7 4.0 2.0 .7  30.7 3.3 1.1 1.1 12.2 3.4 2.1 1.2 5.4 15.3 .7 4.0 2.0 .8  28.2 3.0 1.4 .8 11.6 3.3 1.4 1.3 5.5 13.6 .6 3.4 1.8 .6  31.3 3.1 1.1 1.0 12.7 3.6 1.9 1.5 5.6 15.6 .8 4.2 2.1 .8  31.1 3.2 .9 1.1 12.1 3.3 2.3 1.2 5.2 15.7 .7 3.7 2.1 .8  31.1 3.4 1.0 1.2 12.4 3.3 2.3 1.2 5.5 15.3 .7 3.8 2.1 .7  31.1 3.1 .9 1.1 12.0 3.2 2.3 1.3 5.1 15.9 .6 3.7 2.1 .8  Service occupations........................................................................ Private household......................................................................... Protective service ......................................................................... Service, except private household and protective................... Food service............................................................................... Health service ............................................................................ Cleaning and building service .................................................. Personal service.........................................................................  13.1 .6 1.9 10.6 4.1 2.2 2.5 1.7  12.1 .4 1.7 10.0 4.2 2.0 2.2 1.6  13.5 .7 2.0 10.8 4.1 2.3 2.6 1.7  13.5 .7 1.4 11.4 5.0 1.8 2.6 2.0  13.3 .7 1.5 11.2 5.0 1.7 2.7 1.8  13.8 .7 1.1 12.0 4.9 2.0 2.6 2.4  13.2 .9 1.8 10.5 4.3 1.6 2.6 2.0  13.0 .9 1.8 10.3 4.2 1.7 2.4 2.0  12.7 .8 1.5 10.3 4.2 1.7 2.5 1.8  13.8 .9 1.8 11.1 4.7 1.5 2.8 2.1  13.3 .8 1.6 10.9 4.9 1.3 2.5 2.2  15.0 .6 1.6 12.8 5.6 1.4 2.9 2.8  12.7 .8 1.6 10.3 4.6 1.3 2.3 2.0  Precision production, craft, and repair ......................................... Mechanics and repairers ............................................................. Construction trades ......................................................................  11.5 3.8 4.4  12.2 3.6 5.1  11.2 3.9 4.2  11.4 3.7 3.7  11.7 3.7 3.8  10.6 3.5 3.6  12.5 4.2 4.9  12.7 4.4 5.2  13.3 4.2 4.9  11.7 3.8 4.3  11.4 3.7 4.4  11.5 4.2 4.2  11.4 3.6 4.4  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors...................... Transportation and material moving occupations ..................... Motor vehicle operators............................................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.............. Construction laborers ................................................................  14.1 6.5 3.8 3.0 3.8 .6  13.0 6.8 3.1 2.5 3.1 .5  14.6 6.4 4.0 3.1 4.1 .7  17.1 8.3 4.3 3.1 4.5 .6  18.0 9.1 4.4 3.2 4.5 .6  14.9 6.4 4.1 2.9 4.4 .5  16.4 7.3 4.6 3.3 4.4 .7  15.6 7.1 4.4 3.2 4.2 .7  21.4 10.6 5.8 4.1 5.0 .7  14.9 6.0 4.4 3.1 4.6 .7  12.9 5.5 3.6 2.7 3.7 .6  12.8 4.5 4.4 3.2 3.9 .6  12.9 5.9 3.4 2.5 3.6 .7  Farming, forestry, and fishing ........................................................ Farm operators and managers...................................................  1.3 .3  1.4 .3  1.3 .3  3.9 2.2  2.7 1.2  6.7 4.3  2.9 .9  2.5 .6  3.7 1.5  3.2 1.1  3.4 .8  3.6 1.4  3.3 .6  Total (in thousands) ................................................................. 13,302 Percent....................................................................................... 100.0  3,606 100.0  9,697 100.0  15,915 100.0  11,115 100.0  4,800 100.0  21,537 100.0  11,106 100.0  3,700 100.0  6,731 100.0  13,577 100.0  3,432 100.0  10,145 100.0  Men  Managerial and professional speciality ........................................ Executive, administrative, and managerial ................................ Professional specialty .................................................................. Engineers.................................................................................... Mathematical and computer scientists ................................... Health diagnosing occupations................................................ Health assessment and treating occupations......................... Teachers, except college and university.................................  28.8 15.5 13.3 2.9 1.1 1.3 .5 1.7  29.7 15.6 14.1 3.8 1.3 1.3 .4 1.6  28.4 15.5 12.9 2.6 1.0 1.3 .6 1.7  24.0 12.5 11.4 2.4 .8 1.0 .5 1.7  24.2 12.7 11.5 2.6 .8 1.0 .5 1.6  23.4 12.1 11.3 2.0 .7 1.0 .5 1.9  24.3 13.6 10.7 2.3 .7 1.0 .5 1.4  25.5 14.3 11.2 2.4 .8 1.2 .5 1.3  19.7 11.1 8.6 2.1 .3 .7 .6 1.2  24.9 13.8 11.1 2.3 .6 .9 .5 1.6  27.9 14.5 13.4 3.0 1.0 1.2 .5 1.9  26.3 14.2 12.1 2.4 .8 1.2 .6 1.5  28.4 14.6 13.9 3.2 1.1 1.3 .5 2.0  Technical, sales, and administrative support............................... Technicians and related support ................................................ Health technologists and technicians ..................................... Engineering and science technicians...................................... Sales occupations ....................................................................... Supervisors and proprietors ..................................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services.......... Sales representatives, commodities, except retail................. Sales workers, retail and personal services ........................... Administrative support, including clerical .................................. Computer equipment operators ............................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................. Financial records processing ................................................... Mail and message distributing .................................................  20.5 3.0 .3 1.4 11.1 3.9 2.2 2.1 2.9 6.4 .6 .2 .4 1.1  21.1 3.1 .2 1.6 11.7 4.2 2.2 2.4 2.8 6.3 .6 .2 .2 1.0  20.3 2.9 .3 1.3 10.9 3.7 2.1 2.1 2.9 6.5 .6 .2 .4 1.2  18.9 2.6 .3 1.3 10.8 3.7 1.9 2.2 3.0 5.5 .5 .1 .4 .9  18.6 2.5 .3 1.3 10.6 3.6 1.9 2.2 2.9 5.5 .5 .1 .3 .8  19.6 2.8 .3 1.3 11.3 3.9 2.1 2.2 3.2 5.5 .4 .1 .4 1.0  19.5 3.0 .4 1.4 11.1 4.0 2.0 2.0 3.2 5.4 .5 .1 .3 .9  19.9 3.2 .4 1.5 11.2 4.1 2.1 1.8 3.2 5.5 .4 .1 .3 .9  17.3 2.5 .4 1.1 10.2 3.9 1.5 2.0 2.8 4.7 .3 .1 .2 .8  20.0 2.9 .4 1.4 11.5 4.0 2.0 2.2 3.3 5.6 .6 .1 .3 .9  20.4 3.3 .4 1.6 11.3 3.9 2.4 1.6 3.4 5.8 .5 .2 .4 .9  20.2 3.5 .4 1.7 11.2 3.9 2.3 1.7 3.3 5.4 .6 .1 .4 .9  20.4 3.2 .4 1.5 11.3 3.8 2.4 1.6 3.4 6.0 .4 .2 .4 .9  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13  Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued  Population group and occupation Total  Middle New England Atlantic  Total  West  South  Midwest  Northeast  East West North North Central Central  Total  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  Men—Continued  6.2 2.9 .3 2.4 .7  8.3 .1 2.4 5.8 2.3 .4 2.5 .5  9.8 0 2.8 7.0 3.4 .2 2.8 .6  10.3 .1 2.5 7.8 4.0 .3 2.6 .8  10.8 .1 2.4 8.3 4.3 .4 2.6 1.1  10.2 .1 2.5 7.6 4.0 .3 2.6 .8  20.9 7.3 8.7  21.5 7.8 9.5  21.8 7.4 8.7  19.2 6.5 7.5  18.9 6.5 7.7  19.3 7.3 7.4  18.7 6.2 7.8  21.1 7.5 6.9 4.8 6.7 1.0  21.6 7.2 7.7 5.4 6.8 1.2  20.3 6.7 7.3 5.2 6.3 1.2  27.0 9.7 9.7 6.7 7.6 1.3  20.9 6.7 7.2 4.9 7.0 1.2  17.5 6.1 5.9 4.3 5.5 1.1  18.0 4.9 7.2 5.1 5.9 1.1  17.3 6.5 5.4 4.0 5.3 1.1  3.8 1.8  10.3 6.9  4.6 1.5  3.8 .9  5.9 2.4  5.1 1.8  5.1 1.2  5.5 2.1  5.0 .8  13,208 100.0  9,165 100.0  4,043 100.0  17,840 100.0  9,449 100.0  3,030 100.0  5,361 100.0  10,898 100.0  2,826 100.0  8,072 100.0  27.4 11.0 16.4 .3 .7 .5 4.4 5.2  23.7 9.3 14.4 .2 .5 .2 3.9 5.1  23.4 9.3 14.1 .2 .5 .3 3.8 5.0  24.3 9.2 15.1 .3 .5 .2 4.1 5.5  24.9 11.0 14.0 .2 .5 .2 3.0 6.0  25.7 11.4 14.3 .2 .6 .2 3.2 5.6  21.8 9.1 12.7 .2 .4 .1 3.2 5.8  25.4 11.2 14.2 .2 .4 .1 2.6 7.0  28.1 13.6 14.5 .3 .6 .3 3.3 4.9  25.7 12.2 13.5 .2 .4 .2 3.1 5.0  28.9 14.0 14.9 .3 .7 .3 3.3 4.9  43.6 3.5 2.0 .4 12.5 2.2 2.1 .8 7.4 27.7 1.1 8.7 4.4 .6  45.3 3.5 2.2 .4 12.2 2.4 2.0 .6 7.1 29.6 1.2 10.6 4.0 .6  44.3 3.2 2.1 .5 13.1 2.4 1.7 .5 8.3 27.9 1.2 8.7 4.1 .8  44.9 3.1 2.0 .4 13.7 2.5 1.9 .6 8.6 28.0 1.2 8.8 3.9 .8  42.8 3.4 2.3 .6 11.7 2.3 1.3 .4 7.5 27.7 1.2 8.6 4.6 .8  43.7 3.4 2.0 .5 13.5 2.7 1.8 .6 8.4 26.7 1.0 8.7 4.0 .6  43.4 3.4 1.9 .5 13.3 2.5 2.0 .6 B.1 26.7 .9 8.6 3.9 .6  41.5 3.6 2.6 .3 13.3 2.6 1.3 .4 8.7 24.6 .9 7.4 3.7 .4  45.5 3.3 2.0 .4 14.1 2.9 1.8 .7 8.6 28.1 1.1 9.5 4.4 .7  44.4 3.1 1.6 .5 13.2 2.5 2.3 .7 7.5 28.1 .9 8.2 4.2 .6  44.4 3.3 1.7 .5 13.8 2.5 2.4 .5 8.2 27.3 .9 8.3 4.3 .6  44.4 3.1 1.6 .5 12.9 2.5 2.3 .8 7.2 28.4 .9 8.1 4.2 .6  16.3 1.3 .6 14.5 5.1 4.4 2.1 2.9  14.9 .8 .5 13.7 5.3 3.7 1.8 2.8  16.9 1.5 .6 14.8 5.0 4.6 2.2 2.9  19.0 1.4 .6 17.0 7.1 3.7 2.5 3.7  18.2 1.4 .6 16.2 6.9 3.5 2.4 3.3  20.7 1.4 .3 18.9 7.5 4.1 2.6 4.7  18.1 1.9 .6 15.6 6.0 3.3 2.6 3.7  17.7 1.9 .7 15.1 5.7 3.3 2.5 3.6  18.0 1.7 .5 15.8 6.5 3.3 2.6 3.4  18.7 2.0 .6 16.2 6.4 3.1 2.7 4.0  17.0 1.6 .5 14.9 5.9 2.6 2.4 4.0  20.2 1.3 .7 18.2 7.2 2.7 3.3 5.0  15.9 1.7 .5 13.7 5.5 2.6 2.1 3.6  Precision production, craft, and repair ......................................... Mechanics and repairers ............................................................ Construction trades.....................................................................  1.9 .3 .2  2.5 .3 .3  1.7 .3 .1  2.4 .2 .2  2.4 .2 .2  2.3 .2 .2  2.4 .3 .2  2.3 .3 .3  3.0 .3 .3  2.2 .3 .2  2.1 .3 .2  2.0 .3 .2  2.2 .3 .2  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors...................... Transportation and material moving occupations ....................  8.3 6.0 .8 .7 1.5  8.6 6.4 .7 .7 1.5  8.2 5.9 .8 .7 1.5  9.1 6.3 .9 .8 1.9  9.8 6.8 .9 .9 2.0  7.6 5.1 .8 .6 1.7 0  10.0 7.5 .9 .8 1.6 0  10.1 7.6 .9 .9 1.6 .1  14.7 11.8 1.0 .8 1.9 C)  7.3 5.0 .8 .8 1.5 0  7.1 4.8 .8 .7 1.5 .1  6.5 3.9 .9 .9 1.6 .1  7.3 5.1 .8 .7 1.4 .1  2.4 1.1  .9 .3  .9 .2  1.1 .5  .9 .3  1.2 .3  1.4 .5  1.2 .3  Service occupations....................................................................... Private household........................................................................ Protective service ........................................................................ Service, except private household and protective................... Food service.............................................................................. Health service ........................................................................... Cleaning and building service .................................................. Personal service........................................................................  10.4 <’> 3.0 7.3 3.3 .4 2.8 .7  9.6 0 2.7 6.8 3.3 .4 2.6 .6  10.7 <’) 3.1 7.5 3.4 .4 2.9 .8  8.9 .1 2.1 6.8 3.2 .3 2.8 .5  9.3 .1 2.2 7.0 3.4 .3 2.9 .5  8.0 .1 1.7 6.2 2.8 .3 2.6 .5  9.1 .1 2.7 6.4 2.9 .3 2.5 .6  Precision production, craft, and repair ......................................... Mechanics and repairers ............................................................. Construction trades.....................................................................  19.4 6.8 8.0  20.6 6.4 9.2  19.0 6.9 7.5  18.8 6.5 6.6  19.3 6.6 6.7  17.6 6.3 6.4  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors...................... Transportation and material moving occupations .................... Motor vehicle operators........................................................... Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.............. Construction laborers...................................... .........................  19.0 6.9 6.3 4.9 5.8 1.1  16.8 7.1 5.2 4.1 4.5 .9  19.8 6.9 6.7 5.2 6.2 1.2  23.7 9.9 7.2 5.1 6.6 1.0  24.8 10.9 7.3 5.2 6.5 1.1  Farming, forestry, and fishing ........................................................ Farm operators and managers...................................................  2.0 .5  2.2 .4  1.9 .5  5.8 3.4  Total (in thousands) ................................................................ 11,085 Percent...................................................................................... 100.0  3,125 100.0  7,960 100.0  Managerial and professional speciality ........................................ Executive, administrative, and managerial ................................ Professional specialty ................................................................. Engineers................................................................................... Mathematical and computer scientists ................................... Health diagnosing occupations.............................................. Health assessment and treating occupations....................... Teachers, except college and university................................  28.1 11.3 16.8 .3 .7 .4 4.5 5.4  29.8 12.0 17.8 .4 .9 .3 4.7 5.8  Technical, sales, and administrative support............................ Technicians and related support ................................................ Health technologists and technicians ..................................... Engineering and science technicians...................................... Sales occupations ....................................................................... Supervisors and proprietors ..................................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services.......... Sales representatives, commodities, except retail................ Sales workers, retail and personal services .......................... Administrative support, including clerical .................................. Computer equipment operators ............................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................. Financial records processing ................................................... Mail and message distributing .................................................  44.8 3.5 2.1 .4 12.3 2.4 2.0 .7 7.2 29.0 1.2 10.1 4.1 .6  Service occupations....................................................................... Private household........................................................................ Protective service ........................................................................ Service, except private household and protective................... Food sen/ice.............................................................................. Health service ........................................................................... Cleaning and building service .................................................. Personal service........................................................................  9.0  n2.8  Women  Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.............. Construction laborers ............................................................... Farm operators and managers...................................................  o  o .5 .1  n .5 .2  n .5 .1  1.6 .7  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14  0 1.2 .5  Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued  Population group and occupation Total  Northeast  Midwest  New Middle Englanc Atlantic  East West North North Central Central  Total  South Total  West  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  White Total (in thousands) ..................................................... Percent...........................................................................  21,635 100.0  6,385 100.0  15,250 100.0  26,535 100.0  18,213 100.0  8,322 100.0  32,095 100.0  16,117 100.0  5,629 100.0  10,349 100.0  21,352 100.0  5,890 100.0  15,462 100.0  Managerial and professional speciality ............................. Executive, administrative, and managerial..................... Professional specialty ...................................................... Engineers ...................... .................................................. Mathematical and computer scientists ........................ Health diagnosing occupations.................................... Health assessment and treating occupations............. Teachers, except college and university.....................  29.3 14.1 15.2 1.8 .9 .9 2.3 3.5  30.2 14.3 15.9 2.2 1.1 .8 2.4 3.6  29.0 14.1 14.9 1.6 .8 .9 2.2 3.5  24.4 11.4 13.0 1.5 .7 .7 2.1 3.3  24.5 11.6 12.9 1.6 .7 .7 2.0 3.2  24.2 11.0 13.2 1.3 .6 .6 2.2 3.6  26.8 13.7 13.0 1.6 .7 .7 1.8 3.5  28.5 14.7 13.8 1.6 .8 .8 1.9 3.3  22.0 11.3 10.7 1.3 .4 .4 1.9 3.2  26.7 13.7 13.0 1.6 .6 .6 1.4 4.1  28.4 14.3 14.0 1.8 .8 .8 1.7 3.3  26.5 13.6 12.9 1.4 .6 .7 1.7 3.1  29.1 14.6 14.5 1.9 .9 .8 1.7 3.4  Technical, sales, and administrative support.................... Technicians and related support.................................... Health technologists and technicians.......................... Engineering and science technicians........................... Sales occupations ............................................................ . Supervisors and proprietors........................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services Sales representatives, commodities, except retail...... Sales workers, retail and personal services ................ Administrative support, including clerical ....................... Computer equipment operators .................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ...................... Financial records processing ........................................ Mail and message distributing ......................................  31.6 3.2 1.0 1.0 12.1 3.3 2.2 1.6 4.9 16.3 .8 4.8 2.1 .8  31.7 3.3 1.0 1.0 12.3 3.4 2.2 1.7 4.9 16.1 .8 4.2 2.2 .8  31.6 3.1 1.1 .9 12.1 3.3 2.3 1.6 4.9 16.4 .8 5.0 2.1 .8  30.4 2.8 1.1 .9 12.2 3.3 1.9 1.6 5.4 15.3 .8 4.1 2.1 .7  30.5 2.7 1.1 .9 12.4 3.3 2.0 1.6 5.5 15.3 .8 4.1 2.0 .7  30.1 3.1 1.2 1.0 11.7 3.2 1.8 1.4 5.2 15.4 .7 4.0 2.4 .8  31.8 3.2 1.0 1.0 13.3 3.8 2.2 1.6 5.6 15.3 .7 4.3 2.2 .6  32.3 3.4 1.0 1.1 13.5 3.9 2.5 1.5 5.6 15.4 .6 4.3 2.1 .6  29.8 3.0 1.3 .8 12.6 3.8 1.5 1.5 5.7 14.3 .6 3.7 2.0 .6  32.1 3.1 1.0 1.0 13.3 3.8 2.1 1.7 5.6 15.7 .8 4.5 2.3 .7  30.5 3.1 .9 1.1 12.3 3.3 2.5 1.3 5.2 15.2 .6 3.7 2.1 .7  31.4 3.4 1.0 1.2 12.6 3.4 2.4 1.2 5.6 15.3 .7 3.9 2.2 .7  30.2 2.9 .8 1.0 12.1 3.3 2.5 1.3 5.0 15.2 .6 3.7 2.1 .6  Service occupations............................................................. Private household.............................................................. Protective service .............................................................. Service, except private household and protective......... Food service......... .......................................................... Health service ................................................................. Cleaning and building service ................... ................... Personal service..............................................................  12.0 .5 1.8 9.7 4.1 1.7 2.3 1.6  11.5 .4 1.6 9.5 4.1 1.7 2.2 1.6  12.3 .6 1.9 9.8 4.1 1.7 2.4 1.7  12.7 .7 1.3 10.8 4.9 1.7 2.4 1.9  12.5 .6 1.4 10.4 4.8 1.5 2.3 1.7  13.3 .7 1.0 11.6 4.9 1.9 2.4 2.4  10.9 .6 1.6 8.7 3.8 1.2 1.8 2.0  10.5 .5 1.7 8.3 3.7 1.2 1.4 2.0  10.3 .4 1.5 8.4 3.4 1.3 1.9 1.8  12.0 .7 1.6 9.7 4.2 1.1 2.2 2.1  12.9 .8 1.6 10.5 4.7 1.2 2.4 2.2  14.4 .6 1.6 12.2 5.4 1.3 2.7 2.8  12.3 .8 1.6 9.9 4.5 1.2 2.3 1.9  Precision production, craft, and repair ............................... Mechanics and repairers.................................................. Construction trades...........................................................  11.9 4.0 4.6  12.3 3.6 5.2  11.8 4.1 4.4  11.6 3.8 3.8  12.1 3.8 3.9  10.8 3.6 3.7  13.1 4.4 5.2  13.4 4.7 5.6  14.0 4.5 5.1  12.1 4.0 4.5  11.7 3.8 4.6  11.5 4.2 4.3  11.8 3.7 4.8  Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................... Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors............ Transportation and material moving occupations .......... Motor vehicle operators.................................................. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers .. Construction laborers ......................................................  13.7 6.2 3.7 2.8 3.7 .6  12.8 6.5 3.2 2.5 3.1 .5  14.0 6.1 3.9 3.0 4.0 .7  16.7 8.0 4.3 3.1 4.3 .6  17.6 8.9 4.4 3.2 4.3 .6  14.6 6.2 4.1 2.9 4.3 .5  14.4 6.5 4.2 3.0 3.8 .6  12.9 5.7 3.8 2.8 3.4 .6  20.0 10.0 5.7 4.0 4.3 .6  13.7 5.6 4.0 2.8 4.1 .6  12.9 5.4 3.7 2.7 3.7 .7  12.5 4.3 4.4 3.2 3.9 .6  13.0 5.9 3.5 2.6 3.6 .7  Farming, forestry, and fishing .............................................. Farm operators and managers.........................................  1.4 .4  1.5 .3  1.4 .4  4.2 2.4  2.9 1.4  7.1 4.5  3.0 1.1  2.4 .7  3.9 1.8  3.4 1.3  3.6 .9  3.7 1.5  3.6 .7  Total (in thousands) ..................................................... Percent...........................................................................  2,086 100.0  231 100.0  1,855 100.0  2,153 100.0  1,784 100.0  368 100.0  6,601 100.0  4,065 100.0  1,068 100.0  1,467 100.0  1,078 100.0  171 100.0  907 100.0  Managerial and professional speciality ............................ Executive, administrative, and managerial ..................... Professional specialty ...................................................... Engineers........................................................................ Mathematical and computer scientists ........................ Health diagnosing occupations..................................... Health assessment and treating occupations............. Teachers, except college ^nd university .....................  18.6 8.8 9.8 .8 .4 .4 2.1 2.4  17.9 7.9 10.0 .7 .3 .4 2.5 2.8  18.6 8.9 9.8 .8 .4 .4 2.1 2.3  15.2 6.7 8.4 .4 .5 .2 1.4 2.5  15.4 6.5 8.8 .4 .4 .3 1.5 2.7  14.2 7.7 6.5 .4 .8 o .7 1.9  13.9 6.1 7.8 .4 .3 .2 1.1 3.5  14.0 6.5 7.5 .4 .3 .2 1.1 3.3  12.4 4.2 8.2 .4 .1 .3 1.0 3.7  14.6 6.1 8.5 .4 .4 .1 1.3 4.1  21.1 10.3 10.8 1.3 1.0 .2 1.5 2.0  15.7 8.7 7.0 .8 .9 .3 .3 1.8  22.1 10.6 11.5 1.4 1.0 .2 1.7 2.1  Technical, sales, and administrative support.................... Technicians and related support.................................... Health technologists and technicians.......................... Engineering and science technicians.......................... Sales occupations ............................................................ Supervisors and proprietors ......................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services Sales representatives, commodities, except retail ..... Sales workers, retail and personal services ............. Administrative support, including clerical ........................ Computer equipment operators .................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ...................... Financial records processing ........................................ Mail and message distributing ......................................  31.6 3.2 1.7 .7 6.6 1.5 .9 .5 3.6 21.7 1.4 4.2 1.7 1.5  30.6 2.6 1.3 .9 7.4 2.1 1.2 .5 3.7 20.7 1.5 3.5 2.1 .8  31.7 3.3 1.8 .7 6.5 1.5 .9 .5 3.6 21.9 1.4 4.3 1.6 1.6  31.9 2.6 1.5 .8 8.8 1.6 1.4 .4 5.5 20.6 1.3 3.9 1.3 2.4  31.5 2.5 1.3 .8 8.8 1.4 1.4 .4 5.5 20.3 1.2 4.0 1.3 2.4  33.9 3.0 2.0 .6 8.8 2.2 1.3 .2 5.1 22.0 1.6 3.8 .9 2.5  24.1 2.8 1.5 .7 7.1 1.4 .7 .3 4.8 14.2 .8 2.8 1.0 1.2  24.5 2.8 1.3 .8 6.8 1.3 .7 .3 4.5 15.0 .9 3.1 1.2 1.3  20.0 3.2 2.1 .7 6.4 1.0 .7 .3 4.5 10.4 .4 1.5 .7 .7  26.3 2.6 1.5 .6 8.6 1.9 .8 .4 5.6 15.1 .8 2.9 1.0 1.3  37.0 3.5 1.9 .8 9.9 2.0 1.4 1.1 5.5 23.6 1.5 4.4 1.6 2.5  30.1 3.3 1.1 .7 7.8 1.3 2.1 .2 4.2 18.9 1.3 3.9 1.8  38.4 3.6 2.1 .8 10.4 2.1 1.3 1.3 5.7 24.4 1.5 4.5 1.6 2.8  Black  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  15  ,0.  Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued  Total  New Middle England Atlantic  Total  West  South  Midwest  Northeast Population group and occupation  East West North North Central Central  Total  West East South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  Black—Continued Service occupations....................................................................... Private household........................................................................ Protective service ........................................................................ Service, except private household and protective................... Food service.............................................................................. Health service ........................................................................... Cleaning and building service .................................................. Personal service........................................................................  23.5 1.4 3.6 18.6 3.7 8.0 4.6 2.3  24.8 .4 3.8 20.5 4.8 9.0 4.3 2.3  23.4 1.5 3.6 18.3 3.6 7.8 4.6 2.3  21.6 .9 2.6 18.1 5.6 4.0 5.8 2.7  21.7 .8 2.8 18.0 5.7 3.9 5.8 2.6  21.6 1.2 1.7 18.6 5.2 4.3 5.9 3.2  23.7 2.4 2.4 18.8 6.4 3.8 6.4 2.2  22.5 2.3 2.5 17.6 5.5 3.5 6.3 2.3  24.8 2.9 1.7 20.2 8.0 4.1 6.2 1.9  26.2 2.5 2.6 21.1 7.8 4.1 7.0 2.2  18.9 .9 3.3 14.7 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.6  28.3 0 4.0 24.3 7.2 4.9 7.0 5.2  17.1 1.0 3.2 12.9 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.3  Precision production, craft, and repair ......................................... Mechanics and repairers............................................................ Construction trades.....................................................................  7.9 2.9 2.7  9.2 3.3 2.2  7.8 2.8 2.7  8.0 2.4 2.2  8.2 2.5 2.3  6.9 2.0 1.6  9.8 3.0 3.6  10.2 3.2 4.0  10.3 2.5 3.8  8.4 2.7 2.4  9.3 3.8 2.5  9.2 4.5 2.2  9.4 3.7 2.6  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors..................... 1 Transportation and material moving occupations..................... Motor vehicle operators............................................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.............. Construction laborers...............................................................  18.0 7.9 5.3 4.4 4.8 .8  16.9 10.9 3.1 2.9 2.8 .3  18.1 7.5 5.5 4.6 5.1 .9  22.7 11.0 5.1 3.6 6.6 .6  22.8 11.3 5.3 3.8 6.3 .6  22.2 9.7 4.3 2.6 8.3 .3  25.8 11.3 6.8 4.9 7.6 1.2  26.1 12.0 6.8 4.8 7.3 1.1  29.4 14.1 6.5 4.6 8.8 1.5  22.1 7.4 7.1 5.1 7.6 1.2  12.9 4.3 3.8 3.4 4.8 .7  15.8 5.1 4.3 3.7 6.4 .8  12.3 4.2 3.7 3.3 4.5 .7  Farming, forestry, and fishing ........................................................ Farm operators and managers...................................................  .4  .6 .1  1.2  2.7  2.7  3.1  2.4  0  .6  .4  .5  <1)  o  (1)  (1)  .8  .8  1.0  (1)  (1)  (1)  Hispanic origin 1,303 100.0  175 100.0  1,128 100.0  660 100.0  564 100.0  95 100.0  2,693 100.0  933 100.0  R (12)  1,736 100.0  3,973 100.0  770 100.0  3,202 100.0  Managerial and professional speciality ........................................ Executive, administrative, and managerial ................................ Professional specialty................................................................. Engineers................................................................................... Mathematical and computer scientists ................................... Health diagnosing occupations................................................ Health assessment and treating occupations........................ Teachers, except college and university................................  14.0 7.5 6.5 .6 .6 .6  13.4 7.4 6.0 .5 .6 .6 1.0 .9  11.5 4.0 7.5 1.1 .5 .4 1.1 1.4  11.3 3.7 7.6 1.2 .6 .4 1.0 1.5  12.3 5.7 6.5 .9 0 .1 1.8 1.1  15.1 7.9 7.1 .6 .3 .6 .8 2.4  19.8 10.8 9.0 1.0 .6 1.0 1.4 2.0  R  12.6 6.5 6.1 .4 .2 .4 .5 2.5  11.8 6.7 5.1 .3 .2 .3 .6 1.5  12.5 6.9 5.6 .5  11.6  1.1  17.9 8.2 9.7 1.0 .8 .4 1.3 2.2  Technical, sales, and administrative support............................... Technicians and related support................................................ Health technologists and technicians..................................... Engineering and science technicians...................................... Sales occupations ....................................................................... Supervisors and proprietors ..................................................... Sales representatives, finance and business services.......... Sales representatives, commodities, except retail................ Sales workers, retail and personal services .......................... Administrative support, including clerical .................................. Computer equipment operators............................................... Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ................................. Financial records processing ................................................... Mail and message distributing .................................................  24.7 2.2 .7 .5 6.6 2.2 1.0 .5 2.9 15.9 .8 3.5 1.3 1.8  21.1 1.7 .2 .9 3.9 1.1 .3 1.0 1.5 15.4 .8 3.7 1.6 1.5  25.2 2.2 .8 .4 7.0 2.3 1.1 .5 3.1 16.0 .8 3.5 1.2 1.8  22.8 1.9 .8 .6 6.8 1.3 .9 .6 3.9 14.1 .8 2.6 1.3 .8  22.0 2.0 .8 .5 6.3 1.3 .8 .6 3.5 13.8 .9 2.8 1.2 .6  27.6 1.8 .6 .9 9.5 1.4 1.2 .5 6.4 16.3 .4 1.2 1.9 2.4  27.0 2.0 .9 .6 10.9 2.7  <2> (2)  R R R  25.8 1.8 .8 .5 10.3 2.4 .9 .9 6.0 13.7 .7 3.0 1.5 .8  21.9 1.6 .5 .6 7.8 2.1 .8 .5 4.5 12.5 .5 2.4 1.2 .6  26.3 2.4 .7 1.0 9.5 2.3 .8 .3 6.0 14.5 .7 3.6 1.3 .7  20.8 1.4 .5 .6 7.4 2.0  1.1 6.0 14.1 .7 3.1 1.7 .8  29.2 2.4 1.0 .8 12.0 3.2 1.4 1.5 5.9 14.8 .6 3.2 2.1 .7  Service occupations....................................................................... Private household........................................................................ Protective service ........................................................................ Service, except private household and protective................... Food service.............................................................................. Health service ........................................................................... Cleaning and building service .................................................. Personal service........................................................................  22.7 2.1 1.8 18.8 6.6 2.7 7.0 2.6  20.4 1.2 2.6 16.7 5.1 2.5 7.5 1.6  23.1 2.2 1.7 19.2 6.8 2.7 6.9 2.8  20.0 .6 1.2 18.2 10.1 1.1 5.6 1.4  20.4 .6 1.1 18.8 11.0 .9 5.8 1.1  17.4 .8 2.0 14.6 4.8 2.6 4.4 2.9  18.2 1.6 1.5 15.1 6.6 1.2 4.8 2.5  16.6 1.5 1.6 13.5 5.1 1.4 4.1 2.9  R R R R R R R R  19.0 1.6 1.4 16.0 7.4 1.1 5.2 2.2  19.6 1.7 1.1 16.9 8.0 1.4 5.5 1.9  21.5 1.0 1.5 19.0 7.8 1.5 6.2 3.6  19.1 1.8 .9 16.3 8.0 1.4 5.3 1.6  Precision production, craft, and repair ......................................... Mechanics and repairers ............................................................ Construction trades .....................................................................  11.8 4.3 3.9  13.9 4.2 5.0  11.5 4.3 3.8  13.4 4.0 3.1  12.9 3.8 2.9  16.1 4.8 4.6  14.4 4.0 6.2  13.3 4.7 5.7  R R R  15.0 3.6 6.5  13.9 3.8 5.4  13.3 4.4 4.8  14.0 3.6 5.5  Operators, fabricators, and laborers............................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors...................... Transportation and material moving occupations .................... Motor vehicle operators........................................................... Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers............. Construction laborers ...............................................................  25.6 15.2 5.0 4.3 5.4 .7  25.6 19.3 1.7 1.5 4.6 .9  25.6 14.5 5.6 4.7 5.5 .7  30.0 18.9 3.5 2.5 7.6 .8  31.3 20.6 3.5 2.5 7.1 .7  22.5 8.4 3.5 2.8 10.6 1.6  20.8 9.1 4.5 3.4 7.2 1.5  16.7 7.6 3.7 3.2 5.4 1.2  R  23.1 9.9 4.8 3.4 8.3 1.6  24.7 14.2 4.1 3.0 6.4 1.5  19.7 8.1 5.5 3.7 6.1 1.0  25.9 15.6 3.8 2.9 6.5 1.7  Farming, forestry, and fishing....................................................... Farm operators and managers..................................................  1.1 0  1.1 0  1.1 <')  2.3 .2  2.0 .3  4.1 .1  4.6 .2  4.4 .1  R  4.6 .2  8.2 .4  6.6 .5  8.6 .3  Percent......................................................................................  1.1  R  (2> <2> <2> (2>  <2) R R R R R R R  (*)  fl R R R R R  .2 .6 2.0  5.0 .3 .3 1.3  .5 4.1 12.0 .5 2.1 1.2 .6  NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percentages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  1 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed. 2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1.1  (2> (2)  16  Table 5. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force for private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands)  Employment status and industry Total  Northeast  Midwest  New Middle Englanc Atlantic  Total  East North Centra  West North Centra  Total  14,180  23,108  16,599  6,509  30,411  15,893  44  87  56  452  93  South  West  East South South Atlantic Centra  West South Centra  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  5,269  9,248  18,349  4,632  13,718  71  288  147  97  50  CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE  Total ....................................................................................  19,690  Mining.......................................................................... ..............  49  Construction..............................................................................  1,334  379  955  1,318  951  367  2,411  1,339  375  697  1,311  328  983  Manufacturing ........................................................................... Durable goods........................................................................ . Lumber and wood products ................................................ Furniture and fixtures ......................................................... . Stone, clay, and glass products ........................................ Primary metal industries...................................................... Fabricated metal products................................................... Machinery, except electrical................................................ Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies................. Transportation equipment................................................... Motor vehicles................................................................... Professional and photographic equipment, and watches, etc.2................................ ..................... „........................ Nondurable goods.................................................................. Food and kindred products......................... .... .................. Textile mill products ............................................................. Apparel and other textile products..................................... Paper and allied products.................................................... Printing and publishing......................................................... Chemicals and allied products............................................ Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ...................  4,784 2,766 89 95 153 196 289 622 550 314 104  1,461 998 31 29 31 34 110 253 215 138  3,323 1,768 58 65 121 162 180 369 335 176 91  6,437 4,162 131 194 166 364 502 895 562 1,069 845  4,942 3,333 88 157 129 323 402 695 435 903 781  1,495 829 43 37 36 41 100 200 127 166 64  7,103 3,560 318 279 238 219 380 665 554 645 243  3,621 1,695 152 162 123 93 173 301 252 309 108  1,607 852 108 87 48 71 91 118 125 154 85  1,875 1,013 59  749 498 54  55 116 246 177 182 50  3,900 2,591 228 115 103 90 197 459 489 650 74  3,150 2,093 174 100 82 69 161 359 387 564 65  300 2,018 300 118 314 181 485 383 142  99 463 60 38 38 69 121 54 48  201 1,555 240 80 276 113 365 328 94  181 2,275 574  124 1,609 348  56 666 226  58 862 228  186 1,308 405  45 251 82  141 1,057 323  a71  a211  197 392 279 255  a a44  a105  241 564 357 328  69 133 171 54  84 314 129 96  a a a72  a193  172 78 73  79 1,926 285 471 311 125 311 238 125  a755  a101  163 3,543 660 548 620 267 530 494 249  a  70 241 100 78  Transportation, communications, and public utilities............. Transportation.......................................................................... Communications and other public utilities............................  1,339 759 580  303 160 143  1,036 599 437  1,564 963 601  1,053 647 406  511 316 195  2,272 1,327 945  1,191 673 517  359 227 132  722 427 295  1,260 760 500  373 206 166  887 553 334  Wholesale and retail trade......................................................... Wholesale trade....................................................................... Retail trade...............................................................................  4,554 857 3,697  1,253 227 1,026  3,301 630 2,671  6,086 1,139 4,947  4,294 774 3,520  1,792 365 1,427  8,117 1,517 6,600  4,162 745 3,417  1,366 247 1,119  2,589 524 2,065  4,800 906 3,894  1,278 236 1,042  3,522 670 2,852  Finance, insurance, and real estate ......................................... Services, excluding private households ................................... Professional services .............................................................. Educational services............................................................. Medical services, including hospitals..................................  1,853 5,778 3,584 594 1,777  509 1,600 1,062 195 524  1,345 4,177 2,522 399 1,253  1,702 5,914 3,753 469 2,023  1,179 4,123 2,569 306 1,403  522 1,790 1,185 163 621  2,226 7,829 4,439 505 2,290  1,256 4,230 2,383 279 1,204  291 1,201 743 88 420  679 2,398 1,313 138 665  1,604 5,328 2,798 307 1,426  386 1,420 684 66 364  1,217 3,908 2,115 241 1,063  Total ....................................................................................  892  214  678  1,235  931  304  1,745  788  329  629  996  266  731  Mining.............. ...........................................................................  2  2  4  3  28  7  5  16  8  4  4  Construction..............................................................................  132  36  96  153  109  44  233  102  40  91  117  41  76  Manufacturing ........................................................................... Durable goods........................................................................ Lumber and wood products ............................................... Furniture and fixtures ......................................................... Stone, clay, and glass products ........................................ Primary metal industries....................................................... Fabricated metal products.................................................. Machinery, except electrical............................................... Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies................. Transportation equipment................................................... Motor vehicles................................................................... Professional and photographic equipment, and watches, etc.2................................................................................. Nondurable goods.................................................................. Food and kindred products................................................. Textile mill products ............................................................ Apparel and other textile products..................................... Paper and allied products................................................... Printing and publishing........................................................ Chemicals and allied products............................................ Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ...................  219 115 3 5 7 6 18 20 25 11 8  56 35 1 1 2 1 7 8 7 2  163 80 2 4 5 5 11 11 18 9 7  331 212 7 10 10 15 33 32 29 61 52  260 176 5 8 9 13 27 24 23 55 48  71 36 2 2 1 2 6 8 6 6 4  379 190 19 17 12 12 26 26 28 38 17  166 75 7 10 5 4 10 8 10 13 5  99 52 7 6 2 4 6 4 7 14 6  114 63 5  39 22 3  3 9 13 11 11 5  209 118 17 7 6 4 13 17 21 18 2  171 96 14 6 5 3 12 13 18 15 2  11 105 17 6 26 6 20 11 11  3 22 4 2 3 2 5 2 2  8 83 14 4 24 5 15 10 8  7 119 38  5 84 23  2 36 15  3 51 19  9 92 43  3 16 7  6 75 35  a5  a19  11 15 11 17  a a2  a10  13 22 15 21  1 7 3 4  2 12 6 3  a a a3  a17  7 3 4  2 91 15 20 26 2 12 6 8  a48  a6  6 190 45 27 53 6 22 10 15  Transportation, communications, and public utilities............. Transportation......................................................................... . Communications and other public utilities............................  45 35 10  8 6 3  37 29 7  63 52 11  50 41 9  13 11 2  89 64 25  42 29 12  13 10 4  34 25 9  53 40 13  13 10 3  40 30 10  Wholesale and retail trade........................................................ . Wholesale trade....................................................................... Retail trade ...............................................................................  231 33 198  53 9 44  178 24  364 41 323  268 28 240  96 13 84  530 64 465  239 28 212  98 11 88 '  192 26 166  288 40 248  80 11 69  208 29 179  5,510  0  a  a  147 60 203 73 86 85 71  a66  a a a36 100 102 87  a  30  UNEMPLOYED  a  a  154 .  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  17  a  11 6 18 3 3 1 3  a5  a a a2 4 3 3  a  2  a  2 8 5 3  Table 5. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force for private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Employment status and industry Total  New Middle England Atlantic  Total  West  South  Midwest  Northeast  West East North North Central Central  Total  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  UNEMPLOYED—Continued  54 208 85 11 37  10 50 21 3 9  44 158 63 8 28  48 271 108 13 61  33 207 80 7 47  14 65 28 7 15  77 410 153 19 77  36 196 73 10 33  9 63 28 4 16  31 151 52 5 28  52 268 94 11 48  15 74 24 3 13  37 194 70 8 35  Total ............................................................... ...........................  4.5  3.9  4.8  5.3  5.6  4.7  5.7  5.0  6.2  6.8  5.4  5.7  5.3  Mining...............................................................................................  4.0  4.2  5.0  5.6  Finance, insurance, and real estate ............................................ Services, excluding private households ....................................... Professional services .................................................................. Educational services................................................................. Medical sen/ices, including hospitals ...................................... UNEMPLOYMENT RATE  <3>  (3>  6.2  7.4  7.6  5.4  5.7  4.6  7.8  9.6  7.6  10.8  13.0  8.9  12.5  7.8  Construction........................................... ........................................  9.9  9.4  10.1  11.6  11.5  11.9  Manufacturing ................................................................................. Durable goods.............................................................................. Lumber and wood products .................................................... Furniture and fixtures ............................................................... Stone, clay, and glass products ............................................. Primary metal industries........................................................... Fabricated metal products....................................................... Machinery, except electrical.................................................... Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies...................... Transportation equipment........................................................ Motor vehicles........................................................................ Professional and photographic equipment, and watches, etc.12...................................................................................... 3 Nondurable goods ....................................................................... Food and kindred products ...................................................... Textile mill products ................................................................. Apparel and other textile products.......................................... Paper and allied products........................................................ Printing and publishing............................................................. Chemicals and allied products................................................ Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ........................  4.6 4.1 3.7 5.6 4.7 3.1 6.3 3.2 4.6 3.7 7.4  3.9 3.5 2.9 3.8 6.2 2.5 6.6 3.3 3.3 1.7 p)  4.9 4.5 4.2 6.3 4.3 3.2 6.1 3.1 5.4 5.2 7.5  5.1 5.1 5.6 5.3 6.0 4.0 6.6 3.6 5.1 5.7 6.2  5.3 5.3 6.0 5.3 7.1 4.1 6.8 3.4 5.2 6.1 6.2  4.8 4.3 4.9 5.5 1.8 3.7 5.8 4.2 4.7 3.7 5.7  5.3 5.3 5.9 6.2 4.9 5.3 6.7 3.9 5.0 5.9 6.8  4.6 4.4 4.9 6.4 4.1 4.7 5.6 2.8 3.9 4.3 5.0  6.2 6.1 6.4 6.5 4.3 5.5 7.2 3.7 5.2 8.8 7.5  6.1 6.2 7.7 <3> 6.9 6.0 8.1 5.3 6.5 6.2 9.5  5.4 4.6 7.6 5.8 6.0 4.1 6.8 3.8 4.4 2.8 3.0  5.1 4.4 5.9 (3> pi pi 4.3 4.0 3.3 3.9 (3>  5.4 4.6 8.1 5.5 6.3 4.8 7.4 3.7 4.6 2.6 3.1  3.6 5.2 5.7 5.0 8.4 3.6 4.2 3.0 7.6  2.7 4.7 5.9 4.8 7.1 2.7 4.4 3.5 4.9  4.1 5.3 5.7 5.1 8.6 4.1 4.1 2.9 9.0  3.9 5.2 6.6 o 6.1 5.3 3.9 4.1 6.5  4.3 5.2 6.6 i3) 6.4 5.4 4.0 4.1 6.7  3.1 5.4 6.7 (3> i3) 4.8 3.8 4.2 6.0  3.5 5.4 6.8 4.9 8.6 2.3 4.1 2.1 5.8  3.1 4.7 5.4 4.2 8.4 1.8 3.8 2.4 6.1  <3) 6.3 7.3 9.3 8.7 3.5 3.7 1.3 3.6  4.5 5.9 8.4 (3i 9.1 1.9 5.2 2.0 8.3  4.6 7.0 10.6 (3> 9.0 2.4 3.7 5.0 3.6  6.7 6.5 9.1 (3) <3) <3> 4.4 5.2 t3)  4.0 7.1 11.0 (3) 9.0 2.5 3.5 4.9 3.4  Transportation, communications, and public utilities................... Transportation .................... ......................................................... Communications and other public utilities.................................  3.4 4.7 1.7  2.8 3.7 1.8  3.6 4.9 1.7  4.0 5.4 1.8  4.8 6.4 2.3  2.5 3.5 .8  3.9 4.8 2.7  3.5 4.4 2.3  3.7 4.3 2.7  4.8 5.9 3.2  4.2 5.3 2.6  3.6 4.9 1.8  4.5 5.4 3.0  Wholesale and retail trade............................................................ Wholesale trade........................................................................... Retail trade................... .................. ............................................  5.1 3.8 5.4  4.3 3.9 4.3  5.4 3.8 5.8  6.0 3.6 6.5  6.2 3.7 6.8  5.4 3.5 5.9  6.5 4.2 7.1  5.7 3.7 6.2  7.2 4.3 7.8  7.4 4.9 8.1  6.0 4.4 6.4  6.2 4.5 6.6  5.9 4.4 6.3  Finance, insurance, and real estate ............................................. Services, excluding private households ....................................... Professional services .................................................................. Educational services................................................................. Medical services, including hospitals......................................  2.9 3.6 2.4 1.9 2.1  2.0 3.1 2.0 1.6 1.8  3.3 3.8 2.5 2.1 2.2  2.8 4.6 2.9 2.8 3.0  2.8 5.0 3.1 2.1 3.3  2.7 3.6 2.4 4.0 2.4  3.4 5.2 3.5 3.8 3.4  2.9 4.6 3.1 3.5 2.7  3.2 5.2 3.8 4.9 3.8  4.6 6.3 4.0 3.7 4.2  3.2 5.0 3.3 3.7 3.4  3.9 5.2 3.5 4.6 3.6  3.0 5.0 3.3 3.4 3.3  1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience. 2 Includes toys, amusement, and sporting goods. 3 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  appendix B. NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of rounding,  18  Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages Northeast Population group and industry Total  Midwest  South  New Middle Englanc Atlantic  Total  East North Centra  West North Centra  Total  13,502 100.0  21,873 100.0  15,668 100.0  6,205 100.0  28,665 100.0  West  East South South Atlantic Centra  West South Centra  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  4,940 100.0  8,620 100.0  17,353 100.0  4,366 100.0  12,987 100.0 .4  TOTAL  Total (in thousands) ................................................................ Percent......................................................................................  18,798 100.0  5,296 100.0  Mining..............................................................................  .2  .1  .3  .4  .3  .5  1.5  .6  1.3  3.2  .8  2.1  Construction....................................................................  6.4  6.5  6.4  5.3  5.4  5.2  7.6  8.2  6.8  7.0  6.9  6.6  7.0  26.5 18.2 6  27.9 18.1 .6 .8 .7 1.6 2.1 3.9 2.4 4.6 3.6  29.9 20.1 .5 .9 .8 2.0 2.4 4.3 2.6 5.4 4.7  23.5 11.8 1.0 .9  22.9 10.7 1.0  30.5 16.2  20.4 11.0  21.3 14.3  16.3 10.9 .3  22.9 15.4 1.2 .7  4.6 3.9 2.6 .2  23.4 12.5 .4 .5 .9 1.2 1.2 2.7 2.3 1.2 .6  22.9 12.8 .7  Machinery, except electrical............................................ Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies...................... Transportation equipment......................................... Motor vehicles............................................................... Professional and photographic equipment, and watches, etc. ................................................................................. Nondurable goods................................................................... Food and kindred products ...................................................... Textile mill products ................................................................ Apparel and other textile products.......................................... Paper and allied products......................................................... Printing and publishing............................................................. Chemicals and allied products................................................. Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products .........................  24.3 14.1 5 5 8 1 0 1 4 3.2 2.8 1.6 .5  .6 .6 1.5 3.1 1.9 2.6 1.0  2.2 1.8 2.1 .8  1.9 1.6 2.0 .7  2.3 2.4 2.8 1.6  2.7 1.9 2.0 .5  2.5 2.7 3.6 .4  2.2 2.3 1.9 .2  2.7 2.8 4.2 .5  1.5 10.2 1.5 .6 1.5 .9 2.5 2.0 .7  1.8 8.3 1.1 .7 .7 1.3 2.2 1.0 .9  1.4 10.9 1.7 .6 1.9 .8 2.6 2.4 .6  .8 9.9 2.5 .1 .4 1.0 2.5 1.6 1.4  .8 9.7 2.1 .1 1.2 2.4 1.7 1.5  .9 10.2 3.4 .1 .5 .7 2.7 1.2 1.1  .6 11.7 2.1 1.8 2.0 .9 1.8 1.7 .8  .5 12.1 1.8 3.0 1.9 .8 2.0 1.5 .8  .5 14.3 2.8 1.1 3.8 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.4  .6 9.4 2.4 .2 1.1 .8 1.5 1.9 .6  1.0 7.0 2.1 .1 1.1 .5 1.7 .7 .5  1.0 5.4 1.7 .1 .4 .3 1.6 .6 .4  1.0 7.6 2.2 .1 1.3 .5 1.8 .7 .6  Transportation, communications, and public utilities................... Transportation........................................................... Communications and other public utilities..................................  6.9 3.8 3.0  5.6 2.9 2.6  7.4 4.2 3.2  6.9 4.2 2.7  6.4 3.9 2.5  8.0 4.9 3.1  7.6 4.4 3.2  7.6 4.3 3.3  7.0 4.4 2.6  8.0 4.7 3.3  7.0 4.1 2.8  8.2 4.5 3.7  6.5 4.0 2.5  Wholesale and retail trade............................................................. Wholesale trade............................................................................ Retail trade...................................................................  23.0 4.4 18.6  22.7 4.1 18.5  23.1 4.5 18.6  26.2 5.0 21.1  25.7 4.8 20.9  27.3 5.7 21.6  26.5 5.1 21.4  26.0 4.8 21.2  25.7 4.8 20.9  27.8 5.8 22.0  26.0 5.0 21.0  27.5 5.2 22.3  25.5 4.9 20.6  Finance, insurance, and real estate ......................................... Services, excluding private households ....................................... Professional services ....................................................... Educational services......................................................... Medical services, including hospitals....................................  9.6 29.6 18.6 3.1 9.3  9.4 29.3 19.6 3.6 9.7  9.6 29.8 18.2 2.9 9.1  7.6 25.8 16.7 2.1 9.0  7.3 25.0 15.9 1.9 8.7  8.2 27.8 18.6 2.5 9.8  7.5 25.9 14.9 1.7 7.7  8.1 26.7 15.3 1.8 7.8  5.7 23.0 14.5 1.7 8.2  7.5 26.1 14.6 1.5 7.4  8.9 29.2 15.6 1.7 7.9  8.5 30.8 15.1 1.4 8.0  9.1 28.6 15.7 1.8 7.9  10,266 100.0  2,820 100.0  7,446 100.0  12,040 100.0  8,715 100.0  3,325 100.0  15,895 100.0  8,305 100.0  2,709 100.0  4,882 100.0  9,733 100.0  2,429 100.0  7,304 100.0  Manufacturing ............................................................................... Durable goods...............................................................  .4  15,105 100.0  7  17  I^  Men  Total (in thousands) .............................. Percent.......................................................... Mining...............................................  .4  .1  .5  .6  .6  .8  2.2  .9  2.3  4.3  1.2  3.2  .5  Construction...........................................................  10.6  11.0  10.5  8.8  8.8  8.7  12.5  13.5  11.3  11.4  11.1  10.8  11.2  Manufacturing .......................................................... Durable goods................................................... Lumber and wood products ............................. Furniture and fixtures ............................................. Stone, clay, and glass products ............................ Primary metal industries............................................. Fabricated metal products............................. Machinery, except electrical............................... Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies...................... Transportation equipment......................................................... Motor vehicles ...................................... Professional and photographic equipment, and watches, etc.1........................................................................ Nondurable goods ..................................................... Food and kindred products ................................. Textile mill products ................................. Apparel and other textile products............................ Paper and allied products......................................... Printing and publishing............................................................ Chemicals and allied products................................................. Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ....  29.3 18.5 .6 .6 1.1 1.6 2.1 4.4 3.1 2.4 .8  32.8 23.4 .8 .7 .8 1.0 2.7 6.2 4.3 4.0 .3  28.0 16.6 .6 .6 1.2 1.9 1.9 3.7 2.7 1.8 .9  35.7 24.6 .8 1.0 1.0 2.6 3.0 5.8 2.6 6.6 5.3  38.2 27.1 .8 1.1 1.0 3.1 3.2 6.1 2.7 7.7 6.8  29.2 17.9 1.0 .8 .9 1.1 2.3 4.7 2.2 3.8 1.4  27.4 15.4 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.7 3.0 1.9 3.0 1.1  26.4 14.3 1.5 1.2 1.2 .9 1.5 2.6 1.8 2.9 1.0  34.3 20.9 3.3 1.9 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 2.4 3.8 2.0  25.1 14.4 .9 .5 1.1 .8 1.7 3.7 2.0 2.8 .7  25.8 18.5 1.9 .9 .8 .8 1.5 3.2 2.9 5.0 .6  20.2 14.1 1.9 .5 .7 .8 1.2 2.7 2.3 2.7 .3  27.7 19.9 1.9 1.1 .9 .8 1.6 3.4 3.1 5.8 .7  1.7 10.8 1.9 .6 .8 1.3 2.6 2.3 .8  2.0 9.4 1.4 .7 .4 1.8 2.3 1.3 1.0  1.6 11.3 2.1 .6 1.0 1.0 2.7 2.7 .7  .8 11.2 3.0 .1 .2 1.4 2.6 1.8 1.6  .7 11.1 2.5 .1 .2 1.6 2.6 2.0 1.7  .8 11.4 4.4 .1 .2 .9 2.5 1.4 1.4  .5 11.9 2.5 1.8 .7 1.3 1.8 2.3 1.0  .5 12.1 2.1 2.9 .7 1.1 2.1 1.9 .9  .3 13.4 3.1 1.0 1.3 2.0 1.4 2.3 1.7  .7 10.7 2.9 .2 .3 1.1 1.4 2.8 .7  1.0 7.4 2.5 .1 .6 .7 1.7 .9 .6  1.0 6.1 2.1  1.0 7.8 2.7  Transportation, communications, and public utilities................... Transportation .............................................. Communications and other public utilities...............  8.9 5.3 3.7  7.1 3.9 3.2  9.6 5.8 3.8  8.9 5.7 3.2  8.1 5.2 3.0  10.9 7.0 3.9  9.9 6.2 3.6  9.8 6.0 3.7  9.9 6.7 3.1  10.0 6.2 3.8  22.5  22.0  22.7  24.1  23.3  26.3  25.0  24.5  23.9  26.4  Wholesale and retail trade................................... ........... See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  19  ____L  1.7 .5  .6  8.4 5.2 3.2  60 4.4  50 2.7  25.3  26.3  24.9  Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued  Population group and industry  Middle New England Atlantic  Total  West East North North Central Central  Total  West  South  Midwest  Northeast  Total  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  Men—Continued 5.7 16.8  5.6 16.4  5.7 16.9  6.7 17.4  6.2 17.1  8.0 18.2  6.6 18.4  6.1 18.4  6.7 17.2  7.4 19.0  6.1 19.1  6.6 19.7  6.0 18.9  7.4 21.0 10.2 2.2 3.1  7.0 20.0 10.7 2.6 3.3  7.5 21.3 10.1 2.1 3.1  5.0 16.9 8.5 1.4 2.8  4.7 16.4 8.0 1.1 2.8  5.8 18.3 9.6 2.1 2.8  4.9 18.3 7.8 1.1 2.6  5.6 19.3 8.4 1.2 2.7  3.3 15.0 7.0 1.1 2.4  4.6 18.3 7.4 1.0 2.4  6.1 22.2 8.8 1.1 3.3  5.3 23.9 8.7 1.1 3.3  6.3 21.7 8.8 1.2 3.4  8,532 100.0  2,476 100.0  6,056 100.0  9,832 100.0  6,952 100.0  2,880 100.0  12,770 100.0  6,800 100.0  2,232 100.0  3,738 100.0  7,620 100.0  1,937 100.0  5,683 100.0  .1  .1  .1  .1  .6  .1  .2  1.7  .3  .8  .1 1.6  Women  .1 1.3  p) 1.3  1.3  1.1  1.1  1.2  1.6  1.8  1.2  1.4  1.5  1.3  15.7 6.9 .3 .3 .2 .1 .7 1.2 1.7 1.2 .5  18.6 7.2 .4 .7 .3 .3 .6 1.3 1.7 1.0 .4  18.5 6.4 .3 .8 .3 .2 .5 1.2 1.4 .8 .3  25.9 10.5 .6 1.3 .5 .4 1.0 1.3 2.4 1.7 1.1  14.4 6.6 .3 .2 .2 .3 .6 1.4 1.8 .9 .2  15.4 8.9 .4 .2 .2 .2 .5 1.7 2.5 1.9 .2  11.4 6.9 .3 .1 .1 .1 .3 1.5 2.3 .9 .1  16.8 9.5 .4 .3 .2 .2 .5 1.7 2.6 2.2 .2  18.2 8.8 .2 .3 .4 .3 .7 1.8 2.4 .7 .2  19.4 12.3 .3 .3 .2 .2 1.1 2.9 3.5 1.0 .1  17.8 7.4 .2 .3 .4 .3 .5 1.3 2.0 .5 .3  18.4 10.1 .2 .6 .4 .4 1.1 1.7 2.3 2.1 1.6  19.5 11.4 .2 .8 .4 .5 1.3 2.0 2.5 2.5 2.0  1.3 9.4 1.0 .6 2.4 .5 2.3 1.6 .6  1.6 7.1 .7 .6 1.0 .6 2.0 .7 .8  1.2 10.4 1.1 .5 3.0 .5 2.5 2.0 .5  .8 8.3 1.8 .1 .7 .6 2.4 1.2 1.1  .8 8.1 1.5 .1 .7 .7 2.2 1.3 1.3  .9 8.8 2.2 .1 .8 .4 2.9 1.0 .8  .6 11.4 1.7 1.9 3.6 .5 1.8 1.0 .6  .5 12.2 1.4 3.1 3.4 .4 1.9 1.1 .7  .7 15.4 2.3 1.2 6.7 .7 2.0 1.0 1.0  .6 7.7 1.8 .2 2.2 .4 1.5 .8 .4  1.0 6.6 1.6 .1 1.8 .2 1.8 .5 .5  1.0 4.4 1.3 .1 .7 .2 1.5 .3 .3  1.0 7.3 1.6 .1 2.1 .3 1.9 .6 .6  4.4 2.2 2.3  3.8 1.8 2.0  4.7 2.3 2.4  4.4 2.3 2.1  4.2 2.2 2.0  4.7 2.5 2.2  4.8 2.2 2.7  5.0 2.1 2.9  3.5 1.6 2.0  5.3 2.6 2.7  5.1 2.7 2.4  5.5 2.6 2.9  5.0 2.8 2.2  23.6 2.8 20.8  23.4 2.4 21.0  23.7 3.0 20.7  28.7 3.0 25.7  28.8 3.0 25.8  28.6 3.0 25.6  28.3 3.2 25.1  27.8 3.1 24.7  27.7 2.5 25.3  29.6 3.7 26.0  27.0 3.5 23.4  28.9 3.4 25.5  26.3 3.6 22.7  12.2 40.1 28.7 4.1 16.6  12.1 39.9 29.8 4.8 17.1  12.3 40.1 28.2 3.8 16.4  10.7 36.7 26.7 2.9 16.5  10.6 35.8 25.8 2.9 16.0  10.9 38.8 29.0 3.0 17.8  10.7 35.4 23.8 2.4 14.1  11.1 35.7 23.7 2.5 13.9  8.6 32.8 23.6 2.4 15.2  11.4 36.3 24.1 2.2 13.9  12.6 38.0 24.3 2.4 13.8  12.5 39.6 23.2 1.9 14.0  12.6 37.5 24.6 2.6 13.8  16,760 100.0  5,010 100.0  11,750 100.0  19,947 100.0  14,120 100.0  5,827 100.0  23,592 100.0  12,038 100.0  4,141 100.0  7,413 100.0  15,110 100.0  4,110 100.0  11,000 100.0  .3  .1  .4  .4  .4  .5  1.7  .7  1.5  3.4  .9  2.2  .4  5.4  8.0  8.7  7.0  7.4  7.3  6.7  7.5  Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,  White  6.7  6.7  6.6  5.6  5.7  24.6 14.4 .5 .5 .8 1.1 1.5 3.4 2.8 1.6 .5  26.3 18.0 .6 .6 .6 .6 1.9 4.6 3.8 2.5 .2  23.8 12.9 .4 .5 .9 1.2 1.3 2.8 2.4 1.2 .6  27.9 18.0 .6 .9 .7 1.5 2.2 4.1 2.5 4.4 3.4  30.0 20.2 .6 1.0 .8 1.8 2.4 4.5 2.7 5.2 4.4  22.8 12.8 .7 .6 .6 .6 1.5 3.2 2.0 2.4 .8  22.6 11.7 .8 1.0 .8 .7 1.3 2.3 1.8 2.1 .8  21.4 10.7 .7 1.1 .8 .6 1.1 2.1 1.6 2.0 .7  30.0 16.1 1.6 1.8 1.0 1.5 1.7 2.3 2.4 2.8 1.5  20.4 11.0 .6 .3 .7 .6 1.3 2.8 1.9 1.9 .5  21.3 14.4 1.3 .6 .6 .5 1.1 2.5 2.6 3.7 .3  16.2 10.9 1.2 .3 .5 .4 .7 2.2 2.2 1.9 .2  23.1 15.7 1.4 .8 .6 .5 1.2 2.6 2.7 4.4 .4  1.6 10.1 1.5  1.8 8.3 1.1  1.4 10.9 1.7  .8 9.9 2.4  .8 9.8 2.1  .9 10.0 3.5  .6 10.9 1.8  .5 10.8 1.3  .6 13.9 2.1  .6 9.4 2.3  1.0 6.9 2.1  1.0 5.4 1.7  1.0 7.5 2.3  Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  20  Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued Northeast Population group and industry Total  Midwest  New Middle Englanc Atlantic  Total  East North Centra  South West North Centra  Total  .4  1.8  West  East South South Atlantic Centra  West South Centra  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  White—Continued  Printing and publishing............................................................. Chemicals and allied products................................................ Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ........................  06 1 3 1.0 2.5 2.0 .7  1 3 22 1.0 .9  2.4 .7  1.5 1.5  1.7 1.6  1.2 1.1  1.7 .8  1.5 .7  Transportation.............................................................................. Communications and other public utilities.................................  68 3.8 3.0  2.9 2.6  4.1 3.2  4.1 2.6  3.9 2.4  4.8 3.0  4.3 3.2  Retail trade...................................................................................  23 6 45 19.0  18.8  19.1  21.3  21.1  21.7  28.9  28.6  25.2  24.3  3.6 9.4  2.9 8.4  2.0 8.7  1.8 8.2  189 100.0  1,316 100.0  1,604 100.0  1,329 100.0  Services, excluding private households ...................................... Educational services.................................................................. Medical services, including hospitals......................................  94 28.7 18 2 3.1 8.7  1.1  *  1 fi  1.8 1.3  2.0 .6  .7 .6  16 .6 .4  10 .7 .7  4.2 3.3  4.2 2.6  4.5 3.3  6-8 4.1 2.7  4.5 3.8  3.9 2.3  21.3  21.3  20.8  21.6  ro 21.0  22.4  20.5  27.6  25.5  26.5  22.6  1.9 7.3  1.7 7.9  28.7 1r 3 1.7 7.6  28.1  1.8 7.3  25.5 14 5 1.6 6.9  30.4  2.5 9.8  1.4 8.1  1.7 7.5  275 100.0  4,567 100.0  2,783 100.0  774 100.0  1,010 100.0  767 100.0  132 100.0  635 100.0  1.1  .3  Black Total (in thousands) ................................................................. Percent........................................................... Mining........................................................................................  1,505 100.0 <3)  .3  t3)  0  .1  .3  .5  .3  .6  1.2  .4  Construction.....................................................................................  4.7  3.3  4.9  2.4  2.6  1.1  5.8  6.3  5.6  4.6  4.2  3.9  4.2  Manufacturing .............................................................................. Durable goods............................................................................ Lumber and wood products ..................................................... Furniture and fixtures ................................................................ Stone, clay, and glass products .............................................. Primary metal industries............................................................ Fabricated metal products........................................................ Machinery, except electrical..................................................... Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies...................... Transportation equipment......................................................... Motor vehicles................................................................ Professional and photographic equipment, and watches, etc.'............................................................................... Nondurable goods...................................................................... Food and kindred products...................................................... Textile mill products ................................................................. Apparel and other textile products.......................................... Paper and allied products......................................................... Printing and publishing.............................................................. Chemicals and allied products................................................. Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products .........................  19.4 10.1 .3 .2 .7 .7 1.0 1.5 2.1 1.7 .8  26.7 18.3 pi .1 .5 .9 2.7 2.9 4.2 3.4 .2  18.3 8.9 .3 .3 .7 .7 .8 1.3 1.8 1.4 .9  27.9 18.2 .2 .5 .5 2.9 1.8 2.0 1.8 7.5 6.5  28.7 19.6 .2 .5 .6 3.5 2.0 2.1 2.0 7.8 7.2  24.2 11.5 .2 .5 p) .3 .8 1.6 1.1 6.1 3.3  27.7 11.8 2.3 .6 .7 .7 1.2 1.6 1.8 2.2 1.1  29.1 10.8 2.0 .6 .8 .7 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.9 .9  33.6 16.9 4.5 .7 .8 .9 1.7 2.4 2.2 2.9 2.0  19.3 10.8 1.4 .3 .3 .8 1.2 1.8 1.9 2.4 .8  18.0 12.2 .3 .5 .5 .5 .5 1.8 1.7 5.0 1.6  12.6 8.9 .1 .3 <3) 1.4 1.4 .9 2.1 2.0 .8  19.1 12.9 .4 .6 .6 .3 .4 2.0 1.7 5.6 1.7  1.1 9.3 1.6 .3 1.6 .7 1.9 2.1 .7  1.9 8.4 .8 .2 1.1 1.4 2.1 .9 1.2  1.0 9.4 1.7 .4 1.7 .6 1.9 2.3 .6  .7 9.7 2.5 .2 .7 .6 2.2 1.9 .8  .7 9.1 2.2 .1 .6 .6 2.1 1.9 .9  .6 12.7 3.8 .7 1.5 .5 2.4 2.2 .5  .4 15.9 3.9 3.5 2.8 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.0  .4 18.4 3.8 5.4 3.5 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.0  .2 16.7 6.2 .8 2.9 2.1 1.2 1.1 2.0  .5 8.6 2.5 .2 .8 1.0 1.2 1.7 .3  1.1 5.8 1.2 .2 .7 .4 1.7 .7 .1  .1 3.7 .8 .1 (3) 1.0 .3 .6 .6  1.3 6.2 1.3 .2 .8 .3 2.0 .7  Transportation, communications, and public utilities................... Transportation................................................................. Communications and other public utilities.................................  8.8 5.4 3.4  8.7 4.3 4.3  8.8 5.5 3.3  8.6 4.9 3.7  7.8 4.3 3.5  12.4 7.6 4.8  8.7 5.0 3.7  8.4 4.5 3.9  8.2 5.6 2.6  10.0 6.1 4.0  11.3 5.1 6.2  10.4 5.1 5.3  11.4 5.1 6.4  Wholesale and retail trade................................................... Wholesale trade................................................................... Retail trade......................................................................  17.5 2.9 14.6  13.2 1.6 11.6  18.1 3.1 15.0  21.7 2.4 19.2  21.5 2.5 19.0  22.3 2.3 20.1  24.6 3.2 21.3  23.1 3.0 20.1  23.7 2.7 21.0  29.3 4.4 24.9  23.2 4.6 18.6  22.3 4.1 18.2  23.4 4.7 18.6  Finance, insurance, and real estate ............................................. Services, excluding private households ....................................... Professional services .................................................. Educational services....................................... Medical services, including hospitals......................................  11.5 38.2 22.6 2.4 13.9  11.6 36.3 24.9 2.0 16.7  11.4 38.5 22.3 2.5 13.5  8.0 31.4 19.8 2.2 12.1  7.8 31.5 20.2 2.4 12.6  8.7 31.1 17.7 1.4 9.7  5.1 27.6 15.2 1.3 9.7  5.4 27.5 14.9 1.3 9.4  3.4 24.8 15.7 1.2 10.0  5.5 30.1 15.7 1.3 10.5  7.9 35.1 19.3 2.6 11.2  7.5 42.3 13.8 1.6 8.6  8.0 33.6 20.5 2.9 11.7  1,049 100.0  147 100.0  901 100.0  562 100.0  491 100.0  71 100.0  2,025 100.0  723 100.0  1,284 100.0  2,932 100.0  525 100.0  2,406 100.0  (3>  <3>  <3>  .2  .3  1.9  .4  1.6  .1  ft  Hispanic origin  Total (in thousands)................................................................. Percent...................................................................... Mining.................................................................. Construction ............................................................................. Manufacturing ........................................................................... Durable goods.......................................................... Lumber and wood products ..................................................  1.2  <3)  5.6  4.5  4.3  4.1  5.6  9.6  8.1  32.1 14.1 .6  40.0 23.8 .8  30.8 12.6 .6  41.3 25.6 .4  42.7 27.9 .4  31.5 9.6 .4  20.9 9.8 .5  18.1 8.5 .3  _  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  <3)  4.6  21  ft ft ft ft ft ft «  10.4  8.6  8.3  8.6  22.6 10.5  29.0 16.9 .9  18.2 11.3 1.3  31.4 18.1 .8  3  Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued  Population group and industry Total  Middle New England Atlantic  Total  West  South  Midwest  Northeast  East West North North Central Central  Total  East West South South South Atlantic Central Central  Total  Moun­ tain  Pacific  Hispanic origin—Continued Furniture and fixtures.......................................................... Stone, clay, and glass products ........................................ Primary metal industries...................................................... Fabricated metal products.................................................. Machinery, except electrical............................................... Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies................. Transportation equipment................................................... Motor vehicles.................................................................. Professional and photographic equipment, and watches, etc.1................................................................................ Nondurable goods................................................................. Food and kindred products................................................ Textile mill products ........................................................... Apparel and other textile products.................................... Paper and allied products.................................................. Printing and publishing....................................................... Chemicals and allied products........................................... Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..................  0.8 .3 .7 1.7 2.1 2.7 1.1 .5  1.2 .3 1.0 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.1 .4  0.7 .3 .6 1.6 1.9 2.4 .7 .5  0.8 .9 5.4 3.6 3.2 4.1 4.6 3.8  0.9 1.0 6.1 4.1 3.6 4.4 4.8 4.0  0.4 .4 .2 .6 .4 1.9 3.5 2.2  0.7 1.0 .4 1.3 2.1 1.4 1.2 .4  1.0 .7 .1 1.0 1.3 1.8 1.2 .3  o (2> (2> « a o <2) <2>  0.4 1.1 .6 1.4 2.5 1.2 1.3 .4  2.1 1.0 .6 1.9 2.5 2.7 3.3 .6  0.4 .8 .3 .5 1.8 2.8 1.7 .2  2.4 1.0 .7 2.2 2.7 2.7 3.6 .7  1.6 18.0 2.4 1.4 6.3 1.4 2.5 2.4 .8  2.4 16.2 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.8 3.7 1.7 1.7  1.5 18.3 2.5 1.4 7.0 1.3 2.3 2.5 .6  1.6 15.7 5.2 .3 1.5 1.4 3.0 2.4 1.6  1.8 14.8 3.3 .3 1.7 1.5 3.1 2.5 1.8  .5 21.9 18.3 <3) <3>  .8 11.1 3.6 .2 3.2 .4 1.3 .9 .6  .8 9.5 1.8 .2 3.4 .3 1.9 .6 .6  <2> i2) o <2) (2) (2> (z> <2> <2)  .9 12.1 4.7 .2 3.1 .5 1.0 1.1 .6  1.1 12.1 3.4 .2 3.6 .8 1.6 1.0 1.3  1.3 7.0 2.8 .3 1.0 .1 1.7 .3 .6  1.0 13.2 3.6 .2 4.2 .9 1.6 1.2 1.5  Transportation, communications, and public utilities............ Transportation..................... ................................................. Communications and other public utilities...........................  6.7 5.0 1.7  3.8 1.6 2.2  7.2 5.6 1.6  5.0 3.5 1.4  4.6 3.5 1.1  7.2 3.5 3.7  7.3 5.4 2.0  8.0 6.3 1.6  A (2>  7.0 4.8 2.1  4.8 3.1 1.7  6.8 3.7 3.0  4.4 3.0 1.4  Wholesale and retail trade...................................................... Wholesale trade.................................................................... Retail trade ............................................................................  21.2 3.9 17.2  15.5 2.6 12.9  22.1 4.2 17.9  23.4 2.4 21.0  23.2 2.3 20.9  24.7 2.6 22.1  30.3 5.7 24.5  27.5 6.6 20.9  <2> (2i (2>  31.8 5.3 26.5  27.8 4.7 23.1  30.2 4.1 26.0  27.3 4.8 22.5  Finance, insurance, and real estate ...................................... Services, excluding private households ................................ Professional services............................................................ Educational services........................................................... Medical services, including hospitals...............................  8.6 26.7 11.7 1.4 6.6  5.7 29.4 16.6 1.9 8.3  9.1 26.3 10.9 1.4 6.3  6.5 19.3' 9.9 1.1 6.5  6.7 18.4 9.4 1.1 6.0  5.5 25.6 13.6 1.1 10.0  6.4 24.2 11.3 1.4 6.3  8.4 29.9 14.4 2.1 7.3  <2> <2> <2>  5.3 21.2 9.5 1.0 5.8  5.2 24.1 9.6 .8 5.4  5.7 29.2 11.4 .6 5.9  5.1 23.0 9.2 .9 5.3  p)  i2) a  NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percentages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the ‘‘other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  1 Includes toys, amusement, and sporting goods. 2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. 3 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  2.1 1.1  22  Table 7. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands) Hours of work  Population group and area  Total at work  Average hours 35 hours and over  1 to 14 hours  15 to 29 hours  30 to 34 hours Total  35 to 39 hours  40 hours  41 to 48 hours  49 hours and over  Total  Full-time sched­ ules1  TOTAL  23 039 6,337 16,702  1,053 319 734  2,761 803 1,959  1,441 457 983  17,785 4,758 13,027  2,271 505 1,767  9,233 2,407 6,827  2,267 670 1,596  4,013 1,176 2,837  38.9 38.8 38.9  45.8 46.6 45.6  19,165  1,499 1,002 497  3,411 2,343 1,068  1,950 1,320 630  20,712 14,501 6,212  1,583 1,093 491  10,106 7,244 2,862  3,203 2,240 963  5,820 3,924 1,896  39.6 39.5 39.8  47.4 47.0 48.4  37,359 19,511 6,383 11,466  1,596 767 298 531  4,146 2,100 721 1,325  2,603 1,351 480 772  29,014 15,293 4,883 8,838  2,319 1,257 420 642  15,031 7,970 2,605 4,457  4,115 2,158 677 1,281  7,548 3,908 1,182 2,458  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.1  47.0 46.8 46.9 47.4  23,222 5,955 17,266  1,072 303 770  2,732 723 2,009  460  17,663 4,470 13,193  1,165 311 853  9,608 2,295 7,313  2,306 619 1,687  4,584 1,244 3,339  39.5 39.7 39.5  46.9 47.5 46.6  Northeast .................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic...........................  12,662 3,419 9,243  348 102 245  875 246 629  581 169 412  10,859 2,902 7,957  783 165 618  5,455 1,382 4,074  1,517 440 1,077  3,104 916 2,188  42.1 42.4 42.0  46.9 47.7 46.7  Midwest........................................ East North Central .................... West North Central...................  15,159 10,569 4,590  533 340 193  1,204 818 385  753 503 251  12,669 8,908 3,761  549 372 177  5,642 4,093 1,549  2,026 1,430 596  4,453 3,014 1,439  43.1 42.9 43.4  48.7 48.2 50.0  South............................................ South Atlantic........................... East South Central.................... West South Central ..................  20,581 10,621 3,529 6,431  660 299 136 226  1,647 798 290 559  1,100 558 210 332  17,174 8,966 2,894 5,314  843 443 138 262  8,048 4,232 1,416 2,400  2,546 1,335 422 789  5,737 2,957 917 1,863  42.7 42.8 42.2 42.8  48.4 48.1 48.4 48.8  West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific........................................  12,972 3,291 9,681  399 111 288  1,058 285 774  744 184 560  10,771 2,712 8,059  500 128 372  5,425 1,279 4,146  1,443 376 1,067  3,403 929 2,475  42.2 42.7 42.0  47.7 48.6 47.4  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic...........................  10,377 2,917 7,459  705 216 489  1,886 556 1,330  860 289 571  6,926 1,856 5,070  1,489 340 1,149  3,778 1,025 2,753  749 230 519  909 260 649  35.0 34.6 35.1  44.1 44.7 43.9  Midwest........................................ East North Central.................... West North Central...................  12,413 8,596 3,817  965 662 304  2,208 1,525 683  1,197 818 380  8,043 5,592 2,451  1,034 721 314  4,464 3,152 1,312  1,177 810 367  1,367 910 457  35.4 35.3 35.5  45.3 45.0 45.9  South............................................ South Atlantic............................ East South Central.................... West South Central ..................  16,778 8,890 2,854 5,035  936 469 162 305  2,499 1,302 431 766  1,504 793 271 440  11,840 6,327 1,989 3,523  1,477 814 282 380  6,983 3,738 1,189 2,056  1,570 823 254 492  1,811 951 265 595  36.6 36.7 36.2 36.7  45.0 45.0 44.6 45.3  West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific.......................................  10,250 2,664 7,586  673 191 481  1,674 438 1,236  1,011 276 735  6,892 1,758 5,134  665 183 482  4,183 1,016 3,167  863 243 620  1,181 316 865  36.1 35.9 36.2  45.5 45.7 45.4  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic...........................  1,230 359 870  275 84 191  464 131 333  83 26 56  408 118 289  74 19 55  249 72 176  43 13 29  42 13 29  25.2 25.2 25.2  43.6 44.7 43.1  Midwest................................... East North Central .................... West North Central...................  1,864 1,331 533  411 289 122  709 509 200  189 129 60  555 404 151  108 75 32  298 224 74  64 48 16  86 57 29  25.3 25.4 25.1  44.9 44.5 46.0  South ............................................ South Atlantic........................... East South Central.................... West South Central ..................  2,091 1,074 367 650  364 186 64 113  774 383 137 253  210 107 38 66  744 397 128 219  136 71 23 43  423 233 69 120  • 95 50 16 29  90 44 20 26  26.9 27.2 27.0 26.4  44.6 44.6 45.3 44.0  West ............................................. Mountain....................................  1,329 374  239 75  492 138  128 39  470 122  81 24  282 66  56 14  51 18  26.7 26.2  43.7 44.3  Men  Women  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  23  |  .  Table 7. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  _______________________________ ._______________________ __________________ Average hours  Hours of work  Population group and area  Total at work  35 hours and over 1 to 14 hours  15 to 29 hours  30 to 34 Total  35 to 39 hours  40 hours  41 to 48 hours  Total  Full-time schedules1  49 hours and over  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years—Continued  955  163  355  89  349  57  216  42  33  27.0  43.5  20,449 6,012 14,437  982 307 675  2,507 768 1,739  1,298 436 862  15,662 4,501 11,161  1,908 480 1,428  7,982 2,238 5,743  2,077 646 1,431  3,696 1,137 2,559  38.9 38.8 38.9  46.1 46.6 45.8  25,131 17,219 7,912  1,397 925 472  3,140 2,126 1,014  1,783 1,189 593  18,811 12,979 5,832  1,442 982 460  8,816 6,200 2,616  3,026 2,102 924  5,528 3,695 1,833  39.7 39.6 39.9  47.7 47.3 48.5  30,464 15,314 5,338 9,811  1,287 600 240 447  3,326 1,621 582 1,124  2,059 1,017 393 648  23,792 12,076 4,124 7,592  1,835 963 341 531  11,695 5,912 2,090 3,693  3,545 1,809 610 1,127  6,717 3,392 1,084 2,241  40.4 40.5 40.0 40.4  47.4 47.2 47.3 47.8  20,244 5,605 14,639  955 292 663  2,421 684 1,737  1,528 434 1,094  15,340 4,196 11,144  1,025 290 735  8,090 2,117 5,973  2,070 593 1,477  4,156 1,197 2,959  39.6 39.7 39.5  47.1 47.6 46.8  1,953 216 1,737  52 6 46  201 23 178  119 15 103  1,581 171 1,410  292 16 276  954 114 840  131 16 115  204 26 179  38.4 38.9 38.3  43.9 45.3 43.8  2,027 1,678 350  76 65 11  222 188 34  145 117 28  1,584 1,308 277  120 96 23  1,096 911 185  142 116 26  226 184 43  38.4 38.2 39.2  44.5 44.3 45.5  6,246 3,845 1,013 1,388  279 155 57 67  740 442 133 165  503 310 85 107  4,724 2,938 737 1,050  451 276 77 97  3,043 1,898 503 642  518 319 66 133  712 444 91 177  37.9 38.1 36.8 38.2  45.0 45.2 44.4 45.1  1,026 165 861  34 4 31  96 13 83  76 12 64  819 136 683  57 10 47  552 95 458  78 10 68  132 21 111  39.0 39.6 38.8  45.0 44.5 45.1  1,234 163 1,071  29 4 25  102 12 91  67 10 57  1,036 137 899  160 20 141  636 82 554  96 17 79  144 18 125  39.2 39.5 39.2  43.9 44.4 43.8  627 535 91  17 12 4  61 49 12  34 27 7  515 447 67  38 32 6  344 305 38  52 43 9  81 67 14  39.4 39.5 38.7  44.6 44.2 46.9  2,559 889 1,646  95 22 72  282 79 201  179 49 128  2,002 739 1,245  171 47 121  1,162 444 711  262 87 173  407 161 240  39.3 40.5 38.6  45.6 45.3 45.8  3,818 734 3,084  121 31 90  415 90 326  284 60 223  2,997 553 2,445  207 44 162  1,988 347 1,641  330 62 268  473 100 373  38.7 38.4 38.7  44.3 45.3 44.1  White  Black  Hispanic origin  1 Refers to persons who worked 35 hours or more during the survey week. NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  24  Table 8. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1989 annual averages (In thousands) Usually work full time Population group and area Total  Slack work or material shortage  Job started o termi­ nated  Holiday  Bad weather  Usually work part time  Own illness  On vacation  Other1  Total  Slack work or could fine only part time worl-  Does no want full time work2  Full-time work les than 35 hours  Other  TOTAL  420 1,001 Midwest.......................................  1,688  151  59  293 83 210  290 82 208  279 81 198  3,833 1,159 2,675  427 99 328  2,832 919 1,914  372 85 287  202 56 146  31  336 227 109  437 282 155  373 245 128  5,172 3,543 1,629  841 573 268  3,688 2,524 1,164  429 308 122  214 138 76  521 274 96 151  492 262 75 155  589 305 101 184  5,611 2,802 987 1,822  1,133 456 212 465  3,512 1,838 599 1,076  652 348 115 190  313 160 62 91  306  566 1,416 512 806 West ............................................. Mountain.................................... Pacific........................................  1,611 420 1,190  359 88 271  71 24 47  132 31 102  39 11 28  339 77 263  320 96 224  350 95 255  3,948 1,065 2,883  768 237 530  2,667 709 1,958  350 75 274  164 44 120  Northeast..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic...........................  743 216 527  117 33 84  22 5 16  113 43 70  73 19 54  129 35 94  158 44 114  130 36 94  1,060 302 759  165 39 126  714 219 495  99 20 79  82 23 59  Midwest...................................... East North Central................... West North Central...................  892 593 299  178 122 56  34 23 11  36 26 10  84 57 27  159 105 54  237 157 81  164 104 60  1,598 1.068 530  325 224 101  1,062 708 354  101 69 32  110 67 42  South ............................................ South Atlantic........................... East South Central.................... West South Central ..................  1,428 717 275 437  316 153 58 105  62 30 14 18  66 41 8 17  251 121 70 60  216 105 42 69  254 135 38 81  264 132 46 87  1,979 938 361 680  490 181 92 218  1,162 590 205 367  177 99 29 48  149 68 34 47  West ........................................... Mountain.................................... Pacific ........................................  855 222 633  226 53 173  37 13 25  59 16 42  34 9 25  158 35 123  179 54 125  162 42 120  1,346 358 988  318 97 221  838 223 615  110 17 92  81 21 60  Northeast ..................................... New England ............................ Middle Atlantic..........................  678 205 474  86 23 63  18 6 12  123 43 81  6 1 5  165 49 116  132 38 94  149 45 103  2,773 857 1,916  261 60 202  2,118 700 1,419  273 65 208  120 33 87  Midwest........................................ East North Central................... West North Central...................  796 529 267  128 84 45  26 18 8  47 34 13  8 5 4  177 122 55  200 126 75  209 141 68  3,574 2,475 1,099  516 349 167  2,626 1,816 809  328 238 90  104 71 33  South ............................................ South Atlantic........................... East South Central.................... West South Central ..................  1,306 700 237 369  247 122 55 69  68 30 15 23  80 49 12 19  42 30 8 4  306 169 54 83  239 127 37 75  326 173 55 97  3,632 1,863 627 1,142  643 275 120 248  2,350 1,248 394 709  475 249 85 141  164 92 28 44  West ......................................... Mountain.................................... Pacific........................................  756 199 557  133 35 98  34 11 23  74 15 59  5 2 3  181 42 139  141 42 99  188 52 136  2,602 707 1,895  450 140 310  1,828 486 1,343  240 58 182  84 23 60  Northeast ......................... New England .......................... Middle Atlantic..........................  1,255 398 857  180 54 126  35 10 25  204 80 124  75 20 55  255 78 176  266 79 187  240 76 163  3,532 1,113 2,419  369 92 277  2,653 886 1,767  331 81 250  179 54 126  Midwest............................. East North Central.................... West North Central...................  1,541 1,005 536  280 181 98  54 36 19  67 48 19  85 58 27  300 199 101  414 265 149  341 218 123  4,779 3,234 1,544  721 478 243  3,477 2,364 1,113  385 271 115  195 122 73  South ......................................... South Atlantic........................... East South Central................... West South Central ..................  2,160 1,046 420 694  406 177 86 142  102 45 22 35  113 65 16 32  222 102 62 57  409 203 77 129  435 225 68 141  473 228 89 157  4,512 2,192 795 1,526  768 287 135 346  2,988 1,529 512 947  505 254 95 156  251 122 53 76  West ............................................ Mountain.................................... Pacific ........................................ I  1,422 398 1,024  331 84 246  64 22 42  103 28 75  37 11 26  286 70 216  294 93 201  307 90 218  3,482 1,011 2,470  660 224 436  2,373 676 1,698  303 70 233  144 42 103  Men  Women  White  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  Table 8. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Usually work part time  Usually work full time  Population group and area Total  Job Slack work or started or termi­ material nated shortages  Holiday  Bad weather  Own illness  On vacation  Other1  Total  Slack Does not Full-time work or work less could find want full­ than 35 time only part­ work2 hours time work  Other  Black 139 (3) 122  5  20 <3) 18  4  <3>  127 18 109  37 3 34  106 86 20  156 132 24  38 33 5  15 14  16  19 14 <3i  29 25 <3>  31 24 3 4  66 46 15 5  102 65 19 19  52 33 7 12  108 73 12 23  989 559 185 244  343 160 76 107  454 278 81 96  137 88 20 30  55 34 9 12  11 9  1 1  23 20  8 7  18 17  132 114  41 35  68 57  18 16  5 5  9 8  4 3  <3)  1 Includes industrial disputes. 2 Does not want, or unavailable for, full-time work. 3 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  50 5 46  18  30  233 28 205  34 p)  31 25 p)  26 14 7 5  74 64  28  17 i3) 15  7 4  147 94 27 27  533 349 91 94  p)  32 e>  315 265 50  15 12 pi  0  4  23  5 4  24 22  128 105 (3)  4  28 p>  standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding.  26  Table 9. Census regions and divisions: Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and reason not at work, 1989 annual averages (In thousands) Reason not at work Population group and area  Total Vacation  Illness  Bad weather  Other1  TOTAL Northeast.......................................................................................... New England................................................................................. Middle Atlantic..............................................................................  1,348 394 955  765 234 531  313 86 227  20 5 15  251 69 182  Midwest ............................................................................................ East North Central ........................................................................ West North Central ......................................................................  1,551 1,115 436  905 647 258  341 254 87  23 16 6  282 197 85  South.................................................................................................. South Atlantic................................................................................. East South Central........................................................................ West South Central.......................................................................  2,017 1,044 347 626  1,056 546 170 340  478 255 89 134  68 25 21 22  416 218 67 130  West................................................................................................... Mountain......................................................................................... Pacific..............................................................................................  1,254 302 951  712 183 529  273 57 216  22 4 18  247 58 188  Northeast........................................................................................... New England.................................................................................. Middle Atlantic...............................................................................  640 186 454  369 111 258  151 44 107  19 5 14  101 27 73  Midwest ............................................................................................. East North Central ........................................................................ West North Central .......................................................................  756 546 210  434 317 117  184 135 50  20 15 6  117 79 38  South................................................................................................. South Atlantic................................................................................. East South Central........................................................................ West South Central.......................................................................  956 485 171 300  470 247 73 150  237 124 44 69  64 24 20 20  186 91 34 61  West................................................................................................... Mountain........................................................................................ Pacific.............................................................................................  605 141 465  354 85 269  139 30 109  19 3 16  93 23 71  Northeast........................................................................................... New England.................................................................................. Middle Atlantic...............................................................................  708 207 501  396 123 273  162 42 119  1 1  150 42 108  Midwest ............................................................................................. East North Central ........................................................................ West North Central .......................................................................  795 569 226  471 330 141  157 119 38  2 2 1  165 118 47  South................................................................................................. South Atlantic................................................................................. East South Central........................................................................ West South Central.......................................................................  1,061 559 177 326  586 299 97 190  241 131 45 65  4 1 1 2  230 127 33 69  West.................................................................................................. Mountain......................................................................................... Pacific..............................................................................................  649 162 487  358 98 260  134 27 107  3 1 3  153 36 118  Northeast........................................................................................... New England'.................................................................................. Middle Atlantic ...............................................................................  1,186 373 813  683 224 460  269 78 190  17 5 12  217 66 151  Midwest ............................................................................................. East North Central ........................................................................ West North Central .......................................................................  1,404 994 410  837 591 246  294 216 78  21 15 6  252 172 80  South................................................................................................. South Atlantic................................................................................. East South Central........................................................................ West South Central.......................................................................  1,631 803 291 537  879 436 144 299  363 183 74 107  52 16 18 17  336 168 54 114  West.................................................................................................. Mountain........................................................................................ Pacific..............................................................................................  1,109 285 823  635 172 464  238 55 183  20 4 17  215 55 160  Men  Women  (2>  White  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  27  Table 9. Census regions and divisions: Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and reason not at work, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Reason not at work Population group and area  Total Vacation  Illness  Bad weather  Other1  Black Northeast.......................................................................................... Middle Atlantic..............................................................................  133 118  62 55  39 33  2 2  30 28  Midwest ............................................................................................ East North Central .......................................................................  125 106  53 45  43 37  1 1  27 24  South................................................................................................. South Atlantic................................................................................ East South Central ...................................................................... West South Central......................................................................  355 220 56 79  159 99 25 36  108 68 15 25  15 8 3 4  72 45 13 14  West.................................................................................................. Pacific.............................................................................................  52 46  26 22  15 14  1 1  10 8  Northeast.......................................................................................... Middle Atlantic..............................................................................  69 57  38 33  17 11  r r  South................................................................................................. South Atlantic................................................................................ West South Central......................................................................  135 44 90  65 20 44  35 10 25  R  "West.................................................................................................. Mountain........................................................................................ Pacific................................. ...........................................................  155 37 118  82 20 62  41 11 30  R  Hispanic origin  1 Includes industrial disputes. 2 Less than 500 persons. NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14 13 4 4 5 5  31 14 17 27 5 22  in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  28  Table 10. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemployment, 1989 annual averages Total unemployed Population group and area  Number (in thousands)  Reason for unemployment Job losers  Percent Total  On layoff  Reentrants  New entrants  TOTAL  1,141 271 870  100 0  1,651 1,236 416  100.0 100.0 100.0  45.8 46 9 42.3  16.3  14.6  28.7  10.9  13.5  17.4  30.8  9.5  2,373 1,034 454 884  100.0 100.0 100.0 100 0  42.8 39 8  9.0  16.4  29.5  1,367 364 1,003  100.0 100 0 100.0  46.2  10.8  16.8  27.7  9.3  46.3  10.5  17.1  27.3  9.4  Northeast.............................................. New England...................................... Middle Atlantic....................................  657 155 502  100.0 100.0 100.0  59.3 54.1 60.9  21.9 20.6 22.3  13.5 17.2 12.4  19.2 21.0 18.7  8.0 7.7 8.0  Midwest................................................. East North Central............................. West North Central............................  907 683 224  100.0 100.0 100.0  58.2 59.8 53.4  21.1 21.9 18.6  12.3 11.4 15.0  20.6 19.5 24.0  8.9 9.4 7.7  South..................................................... South Atlantic.................................... East South Central ............................ West South Central ...........................  1,209 506 226 476  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  53.3 49.4 60.5 53.9  11.1 11.6 15.1 8.7  14.9 17.5 10.9 14.2  21.2 22.6 16.6 21.8  10.6 10.5 12.0 10.1  West ...................................................... Mountain ............................................ Pacific.................................................  756 203 553  100.0 100.0 100.0  55.1 56.8 54.5  12.5 15.0 11.5  15.2 14.6 15.4  20.9 20.1 21.2  8.8 8.4 8.9  Northeast.............................................. New England ..................................... Middle Atlantic....................................  483 115 368  100.0 100.0 100.0  39.8 37.7 40.5  15.2 15.3 15.2  15.7 22.8 13.5  34.1 29.9 35.4  10.4 9.6 10.7  Midwest................................................. East North Central............................. West North Central............................  745 553 192  100.0 100.0 100.0  30.7 31.1 29.4  10.6 11.7 7.5  17.4 16.4 20.2  38.6 38.5 38.8  13.4 14.0 11.6  South..................................................... South Atlantic.................................... East South Central ............................ West South Central ...........................  1,164 528 228 408  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  32.0 30.6 36.5 31.2  6.9 6.6 12.7 4.1  18.0 20.8 13.8 16.7  38.2 39.7 33.3 38.9  11.8 8.8 16.4 13.1  West...................................................... Mountain ............................................ Pacific.................................................  612 161 450  100.0 100.0 100.0  35.1 32.1 36.2  8.8 7.3 9.3  18.7 17.5 19.1  36.1 40.0 34.7  10.1 10.4 10.0  Northeast.............................................. New England ..................................... Middle Atlantic....................................  192 53 139  100.0 100.0 100.0  20.9 22.0 20.5  6.1 7.8 5.5  15.2 18.2 14.1  30.4 27.0 31.7  33.5 32.8 33.7  Midwest................................................. East North Central............................. West North Central............................  316 229 87  100.0 100.0 100.0  14.6 14.2 15.7  3.8 3.8 3.7  17.3 16.4 19.8  29.1 28.9 29.6  39.0 40.5 34.9  South..................................................... South Atlantic.................................... East South Central ............................ West South Central ...........................  447 189 89 169  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  14.6 14.5 15.6 14.2  2.8 3.0 4.4 1.8  16.3 19.3 11.6 15.4  28.8 32.1 23.9 27.7  40.2 34.0 48.9 42.7  West ...................................................... Mountain ............................................ Pacific.................................................  240 71 169  100.0 100.0 100.0  19.1 19.5 19.0  4.5 3.3 5.0  17.8 16.4 18.4  27.6 25.8 28.3  35.5 38.4 34.2  Midwest................................................ West North Central........................... South....................................................  West ..................................................... Pacific................................................  11.2 14.2  Men  Women  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  29  Table 10. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemployment, 1989 annual averages—Continued Reason for unemployment  Total unemployed Population group and area  Number (in thousands)  Job losers Reentrants  Percent Total  On layoff  New entrants  White  886 240 646  100.0 100.0 100.0  52.2 47.1 54.1  21.2 18.6 22.1  15.3 19.8 13.6  24.7 25.1 24.5  7.8 8.0 7.8  1,224 879 345  100.0 100.0 100.0  46.9 49.2 41.2  18.8 20.7 13.9  16.3 15.4 18.6  28.1 26.7 31.5  8.7 8.8 8.7  1,539 617 299 623  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  43.9 41.0 50.0 43.8  10.3 10.3 17.5 6.9  18.5 22.1 14.3 17.1  28.4 30.3 24.9 28.3  9.2 6.7 10.8 10.8  1,127 324 804  100.0 100.0 100.0  47.0 45.2 47.8  11.9 12.1 11.8  17.1 16.4 17.4  27.1 29.1 26.2  8.8 9.3 8.6  227 24 203  100.0 100.0 100.0  47.6 45.7 47.8  12.0 16.9 11.4  10.5 17.8 9.6  29.0 24.5 29.5  13.0 12.1 13.1  392 340 53  100.0 100.0 100.0  43.0 41.7 51.1  9.5 9.0 13.0  8.9 9.0 8.6  30.4 31.0 26.4  17.7 18.3 13.8  794 401 153 240  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  41.2 38.5 45.0 43.4  6.6 7.2 6.4 5.6  12.2 14.6 8.6 10.5  31.2 32.8 25.3 32.3  15.3 14.1 21.1 13.8  128 107  100.0 100.0  43.2 40.8  3.3 3.2  14.1 14.1  31.7 33.9  11.0 11.1  102 92  100.0 100.0  52.9 54.0  14.7 15.7  12.7 12.2  24.3 24.8  10.1 8.9  48 43  100.0 100.0  42.3 44.8  12.2 13.5  16.6 17.7  29.6 24.7  11.6 12.8  262 66 194  100.0 100.0 100.0  45.3 50.6 43.4  8.2 15.4 5.8  16.6 18.8 16.0  24.7 24.6 24.7  13.4 6.0 16.0  343 77 265  100.0 100.0 100.0  55.4 51.7 56.5  12.1 12.5 12.0  11.9 12.9 11.6  21.0 24.5 19.9  11.7 10.9 12.0  Black  West ..................................................... Hispanic origin  West .....................................................  ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  30  Table 11. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemployment, 1989 annual averages Duration of unemployment  Total unemployed Population group and area  Number (in thousands)  Percent  Less than 5 weeks  5 to 14 weeks  15 weeks and over  15 to 26 weeks  27 weeks and over  27 to 51 weeks  52 weeks and over  TOTAL  1,141 271 870  100.0 100.0 100.0  45.2 50.2 43.7  33.0 32.7 33.1  21.8 17.1 23.2  12.2 10.5 12.7  9.6 6.6 10.5  4.5 3.8 4.7  5.1 2.8 5.8  1,651 1,236 416  100.0 100.0 100.0  47.0 46.9 47.3  29.6 29.5 29.7  23.4 23.6 23.0  11.9 11.9 11.9  11.5 11.7 11.1  4.4 4.0 5.4  7.1 7.6 5.7  2,373 1,034 454 884  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  49.4 51.6 46.3 48.3  30.0 30.7 30.8 28.7  20.7 17.7 23.0 22.9  10.8 10.0 12.0 11.1  9.9 7.7 10.9 11.8  4.3 3.7 5.1 4.5  5.6 4.0 5.8 7.3  1,367 364 1,003  100.0 100.0 100.0  52.2 51.9 52.4  29.5 29.8 29.3  18.3 18.3 18.3  10.1 9.5 10.3  8.2 8.8 8.0  3.3 4.3 3.0  4.9 4.5 5.1  657 155 502  100.0 100.0 100.0  41.9 48.5 39.9  33.6 32.9 33.8  24.4 18.6 26.2  13.1 10.8 13.8  11.3 7.8 12.4  5.3 4.7 5.6  6.0 3.2 6.9  907 683 224  100.0 100.0 100.0  42.5 41.8 44.6  29.1 29.3 28.6  28.4 28.9 26.9  13.7 13.9 13.2  14.7 15.1 13.6  5.3 4.9 6.7  9.4 10.2 6.9  1,209 506 226 476  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  45.6 49.2 39.2 44.9  30.4 30.8 33.1 28.8  23.9 20.0 27.6 26.3  11.3 10.4 13.4 11.4  12.6 9.6 14.3 14.9  5.3 4.9 6.2 5.4  7.2 4.6 8.1 9.6  756 203 553  100.0 100.0 100.0  48.2 46.4 48.8  29.5 30.7 29.1  22.3 22.8 22.1  11.5 11.4 11.5  10.9 11.4 10.7  4.0 5.8 3.3  6.9 5.6 7.3  483 115 368  100.0 100.0 100.0  49.7 52.5 48.8  32.2 32.4 32.1  18.1 15.1 19.1  11.0 10.1 11.3  7.2 4.9 7.8  3.3 2.7 3.5  3.8 2.2 4.3  745 553 192  100.0 100.0 100.0  52.5 53.2 50.5  30.1 29.8 31.0  17.4 17.0 18.5  9.7 9.6 10.2  7.7 7.5 8.2  3.2 3.0 3.9  4.4 4.5 4.3  1,164 528 228 408  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  53.2 53.8 53.3 52.4  29.5 30.6 28.5 28.6  17.3 15.6 18.3 19.0  10.2 9.6 10.6 10.9  7.1 6.0 7.6 8.1  3.2 2.6 4.1 3.4  3.9 3.4 3.5 4.7  612 161 450  100.0 100.0 100.0  57.3 58.7 56.7  29.4 28.7 29.7  13.3 12.6 13.6  8.3 7.1 8.8  5.0 5.5 4.8  2.5 2.4 2.5  2.5 3.1 2.2  192 53 139  100.0 100.0 100.0  60.9 66.8 58.6  28.5 26.5 29.3  10.6 6.6 12.1  7.3 3.9 8.6  3.3 2.8 3.5  1.7 .9 2.0  1.6 1.9 1.5  316 229 87  100.0 100.0 100.0  62.0 63.0 59.3  27.1 25.1 32.3  10.9 11.9 8.4  7.3 8.6 4.0  3.6 3.3 4.4  2.0 1.8 2.4  1.6 1.5 2.0  447 189 89 169  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  63.9 66.7 60.4 62.6  27.4 26.8 28.7 27.2  8.7 6.4 10.9 10.2  5.4 4.4 5.6 6.4  3.3 2.1 5.3 3.7  1.8 1.1 3.3 1.7  1.6 1.0 2.0 2.0  240 71 169  100.0 100.0 100.0  68.0 65.6 69.0  24.5 26.1 23.7  7.5 8.2 7.2  4.9 4.2 5.1  2.6 4.0 2.1  1.6 1.6 1.5  1.1 2.4 .6  Men  Women  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  31  Table 11. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemployment, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total unemployed Population group and area  Number (in thousands)  Percent  Duration of unemployment Less than 5 weeks  5 to 14 weeks  15 weeks and over  15 to 26 weeks  27 weeks and over  27 to 51 weeks  52 weeks and over  White  Northeast....................................... New England.............................. Middle Atlantic............................  886 240 646  100.0 100.0 100.0  45.7 51.1 43.7  33.7 32.1 34.3  20.6 16.8 22.0  11.9 10.4 12.5  8.7 6.4 9.5  4.4 4.0 4.5  4.3 2.4 5.0  Midwest.......................................... East North Central...................... West North Central.....................  1,224 879 345  100.0 100.0 100.0  47.6 47.3 48.5  29.8 29.9 29.8  22.5 22.9 21.7  11.5 11.6 11.5  11.0 11.3 10.2  4.4 4.1 5.3  6.6 7.2 4.9  South.............................................. South Atlantic............................. East South Central ..................... West South Central ....................  1,539 617 299 623  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  50.9 53.5 47.0 50.3  29.3 29.4 30.3 28.7  19.8 17.2 22.7 20.9  10.9 10.0 12.0 11.4  8.8 7.2 10.7 9.6  4.0 3.9 4.6 3.7  4.9 3.3 6.1 5.8  West............................................... Mountain ..................................... Pacific..........................................  1,127 324 804  100.0 100.0 100.0  52.7 52.2 52.9  29.5 29.9 29.3  17.8 17.9 17.8  9.8 9.3 10.0  8.0 8.5 7.7  3.3 4.4 2.9  4.6 4.1 4.8  Northeast....................................... New England .............................. Middle Atlantic............................  227 24 203  100.0 100.0 100.0  43.3 41.6 43.5  31.0 39.2 30.1  25.7 19.2 26.5  13.5 11.4 13.7  12.3 7.8 12.8  4.4 2.7 4.6  7.9 5.1 8.2  Midwest.......................................... East North Central..................... West North Central.....................  392 340 53  100.0 100.0 100.0  44.7 46.0 36.2  28.8 28.5 30.7  26.5 25.4 33.0  13.0 12.9 14.2  13.4 12.6 18.8  4.3 3.8 7.3  9.1 8.8 11.5  South.............................................. South Atlantic............................. East South Central .................... West South Central ...................  794 401 153 240  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  46.2 48.5 44.8 43.2  31.3 32.7 31.5 29.0  22.4 18.8 23.7 27.8  10.5 10.0 12.0 10.4  11.9 8.7 11.7 17.4  4.8 3.6 6.3 5.9  7.1 5.1 5.4 11.5  West............................................... Pacific..........................................  128 107  100.0 100.0  49.9 49.9  28.2 28.1  21.9 22.0  11.3 11.9  10.6 10.2  4.2 4.0  6.4 6.1  Northeast....................................... Middle Atlantic............................  102 92  100.0 100.0  44.1 43.2  34.4 34.2  21.5 22.6  11.5 11.8  10.0 10.7  5.9 6.4  4.1 4.3  Midwest.......................................... East North Central......................  48 43  100.0 100.0  55.5 53.5  26.2 27.6  18.3 18.9  7.4 7.5  10.9 11.4  4.5 4.2  6.4 7.1  South.............................................. South Atlantic............................. West South Central ...................  262 66 194  100.0 100.0 100.0  52.9 53.7 52.8  28.5 28.1 28.6  18.6 18.2 18.6  11.7 12.4 11.3  6.9 5.8 7.3  3.0 3.3 2.9  3.9 2.5 4.4  West ............................................... Mountain ..................................... Pacific..........................................  343 77 265  100.0 100.0 100.0  55.7 55.0 55.9  28.6 31.1 27.9  15.7 13.9 16.2  8.6 8.1 8.8  7.0 5.9 7.4  2.3 2.5 2.2  4.8 3.3 5.2  Black  Hispanic origin  NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  32   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Section II. Estimates for States  33  Chart 1. Unemployment rates by State, 1989 annual averages  worn.  MASS. MICH. [CONN.  NEBR.  i&P&Cfc;!  ARK.  70% and over 5.5% to 6.9% HD 4.0% to 5.4% I I less than 4.0%  Hawaii Alaska  Chart 2. Changes in State unemployment rates, 1988-89 (U.S. rate decreased 0.2 points)  WASH.  WM MAINE  MINN.  mm  WYO.  S. DAK.  -MASS.  [conn.  ■mm  Percentage point change | Increased 0.1 pt or more FLA.  (.J.-il No change £#53 Decreased 0.1 to 0.9 pt  0  □ Decreased 10 to 19 pts. I  Alaska   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  34  1 Decreased 2.0 pts. or more  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands) Civilian non­ institutional population  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  State and population group  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force  Error range of rate1  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  3,073 1,439 1,634 254  1,907 1,057 850 125  62.1 73.4 52.0 49.2  1,773 993 780 100  57.7 69.0 47.8 39.4  134 64 70 25  7.0 6.1 8.2 19.9  6.2 5.1 6.9 15.1  - 7.8 - 7.1 - 9.5 - 24.6  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  2,402 1,147 1,255 187  1,508 863 645 99  62.8 75.3 51.4 52.7  1,426 821 605 82  59.4 71.5 48.2 43.8  83 43 40 17  5.5 5.0 6.2 16.9  4.7 3.9 4.9 11.9  - 6.3 - 6.0 - 7.5 - 22.0  Black........................................................... Men ........................................................... Women .....................................................  662 287 375  391 189 202  59.1 65.8 53.9  340 168 172  51.4 58.5 45.9  51 21 30  13.0 11.1 14.8  10.8 8.1 11.5  - 15.2 - 14.1 - 18.0  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................  667 1,806 600  430 1,193 284  64.5 66.1 47.3  371 1,139 262  55.7 63.1 43.7  59 54 22  13.7 4.5 7.6  11.4 3.7 5.4  - 15.9 - 5.3 - 9.7  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  350 172 178 29  253 137 115 15  72.2 79.9 64.8 50.9  236 127 109 13  67.4 73.9 61.1 43.7  17 10 7 2  6.7 7.4 5.8 14.2  5.9 6.4 4.7 10.5  - 7.4 - 8.5 - 6.8 - 18.0  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  272 136 136 21  207 114 93 12  76.1 83.9 68.3 55.0  196 108 89 10  72.2 78.9 65.4 48.4  11 7 4 1  5.2 5.9 4.3 12.0  4.5 4.9 3.4 7.9  - 6.0 - 7.0 - 5.3 - 16.0  Black...........................................................  12  9  72.0  7  60.2  1  16.3  10.9  - 21.8  7 8 3  11.2 4.9 6.7  9.4 4.1 4.9  - 12.9 - 5.8 - 8.6  Number  Rate  Alabama  Alaska  88 205 58  59 155 38  67.4 75.8 66.7  53 148 36  59.9 72.1 62.2  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  2,618 1,263 1,355 188  1,707 945 761 109  65.2 74.8 56.2 58.0  1,617 895 722 91  61.8 70.9 53.3 48.3  89 50 39 18  5.2 5.3 5.1 16.7  4.6 4.5 4.2 12.9  - 5.9 - 6.2 - 6.1 - 20.5  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  2,468 1,185 1,282 170  1,607 888 719 98  65.1 74.9 56.1 57.6  1,525 843 682 82  61.8 71.1 53.2 48.3  82 45 37 16  5.1 5.1 5.2 16.3  4.5 4.2 4.2 12.3  - 5.8 - 5.9 - 6.1 - 20.2  Hispanic origin........................................... Men ........................................................... Women .....................................................  460 234 226  318 188 130  69.2 80.4 57.6  290 173 117  63.0 73.9 51.8  28 15 13  8.9 8.1 10.1  7.0 5.6 7.0  - 10.9 - 10.6 - 13.3  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 ................................  574 1,581 462  437 1,006 264  76.1 63.6 57.1  400 965 252  69.6 61.0 54.6  37 41 12  8.5 4.0 4.4  7.0 3.3 2.9  - 10.0 - 4.8 - 5.8  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women.............................................. ........ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  1,791 862 929 145  1,135 615 520 78  63.4 71.3 56.0 54.0  1,053 572 480 60  58.8 66.4 51.7 41.5  82 42 40 18  7.2 6.9 7.6 23.1  6.4 5.9 6.4 18.7  - 8.0 - 7.9 - 8.8 - 27.6  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  1,529 746 783 119  976 540 437 67  63.9 72.3 55.8 56.3  921 509 412 53  60.2 68.3 52.6 44.3  56 30 25 14  5.7 5.6 5.8 21.3  4.9 4.6 4.7 16.6  - 6.5 - 6.6 - 6.9 - 25.9  Black ........................................................... Men ........................................................... Women .....................................................  238 104 133  140 66 73  58.8 63.7 54.9  114 55 59  48.2 53.0 44.3  25 11 14  18.1 16.7 19.3  14.8 12.1 14.6  - 21.3 - 21.4 - 23.9  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................  342 1,089 361  236 712 186  69.1 65.4 51.7  200 682 171  58.4 62.7 47.4  36 30 16  15.4 4.2 8.4  13.2 3.4 6.3  - 17.7 - 5.0 - 10.4  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................ Arizona  Arkansas  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  35  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian noninstitutional population  Total........................................... Men.............................. ............ Women..................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.... White ..................................... Men ..................................... Women ................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  State and population group  Civilian labor force  Employment  Unemployment  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  21,460 10,444 11,016 1,549  14,518 8,138 6,380 847  67.7 77.9 57.9 54.7  13,780 7,727 6,054 729  64.2 74.0 55.0 47.1  737 411 326 118  5.1 5.1 5.1 13.9  4.8 4.7 4.8 12.4  - 5.3 - 5.4 - 5.5 - 15.4  18,017 8,849 9,168 1,252  12,212 6,954 5,257 715  67.8 78.6 57.3 57.1  11,630 6,632 4,998 619  64.5 74.9 54.5 49.4  582 323 259 96  4.8 4.6 4.9 13.4  4.5 4.3 4.5 11.8  - 5.0 - 5.0 - 5.3 - 15.0  Black........................................ Men........................................ Women ..................................  1,363 620 743  915 462 453  67.1 74.5 61.0  823 411 412  60.4 66.4 55.4  92 51 41  10.1 11.0 9.1  8.7 8.9 7.3  - 11.4 - 13.0 - 11.0  Hispanic origin......................... Men ......................................... Women .................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..  4,797 2,475 2,322 516  3,364 2,093 1,272 267  70.1 84.5 54.8 51.8  3,109 1,950 1,159 223  64.8 78.8 49.9 43.3  256 143 113 44  7.6 6.8 8.9 16.4  7.0 6.0 7.8 13.2  - 8.2 - 7.6 - 10.0 - 19.6  5,846 11,553 4,061  4,359 7,789 2,370  74.6 67.4 58.4  4,023 7,508 2,249  68.8 65.0 55.4  336 281 121  7.7 3.6 5.1  7.2 3.3 4.5  2,460 1,152 1,308 178  1,695 895 800 107  68.9 77.7 61.1 60.5  1,597 847 750 91  64.9 73.5 57.3 51.4  98 48 50 16  5.8 5.4 6.2 15.1  5.1 4.4 5.2 11.1  - 6.5 - 6.3 - 7.3 - 19.2  2,281 1,065 1,215 162  1,576 836 740 103  69.1 78.5 60.9 63.4  1,491 792 699 87  65.4 74.3 57.5 53.6  85 44 41 16  5.4 5.3 5.5 15.4  4.7 4.3 4.5 11.2  - 6.1 - 6.2 - 6.6 - 19.5  113 54  72 37  63.8 67.6  63 34  56.0 62.2  9 3  12.2 8.0  7.3 2.4  - 17.0 - 13.5  260 118 141  169 85 85  65.2 71.4 60.0  150 75 75  57.6 63.1 53.1  20 10 10  11.7 11.7 11.6  8.4 7.1 7.0  - 14.9 - 16.3 - 16.2  561 1,401 498  412 978 304  73.4 69.8 61.2  375 942 280  66.7 67.2 56.3  37 36 24  9.1 3.7 8.0  7.4 2.9 6.1  - 10.8 - 4.4 - 9.9  Total................... ....................... Men.......................................... Women.................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....  2,515 1,188 1,327 168  1,761 955 807 94  70.0 80.4 60.8 55.9  1,697 914 782 81  67.5 77.0 59.0 48.0  64 40 24 13  3.7 4.2 3.0 14.1  3.1 3.4 2.3 9.6  - 4.2 - 5.0 - 3.8 - 18.5  White........................................ Men.......................................... Women .................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...  2,319  1,615 886 729 85  69.6 80.5 59.8 57.4  1,564 854 710 74  67.4 77.6 58.3 50.2  51 33 19 11  3.2 3.7 2.6 12.5  2.6 2.9 1.8 8.1  - 3.7 - 4.5 - 3.3 - 17.0  75.4 75.0 75.7  110 48 62  68.7 67.1 70.0  11 6 5  8.9 10.6 7.6  5.4 4.8 3.2  - 12.4 - 16.3 - 11.9  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  California  Single (never married).... Married, spouse present. Other marital status2......  -  8.2 3.9 5.7  Colorado  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  Other marital status2 ................................ Connecticut  1,101  1,218 148  Black.... Men.... Women  160 71 88  120 53 67  Hispanic origin Men ............... Women .........  114 49 65  83 40 43  72.9 82.5 65.6  80 39 42  70.8 79.1 64.5  2 2 1  2.9 4.2 1.6  .4 P) -.9  -  5.3 8.4 4.2  710 1,405 399  535 1,019 208  75.3 72.5 52.0  495 1,002 200  69.7 71.3 50.0  40 17 8  7.4 1.7 3.8  6.0 1.2 2.1  -  8.8 2.2 5.4  Single (never married).... Married, spouse present Other marital status2 ..... See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  36  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  State and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Number  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Delaware  509 238 271 34  362 189 173 22  71.1 79.4 63.9 66.1  349 183 167 20  68.6 76.9 61.4 58.7  13 6 7 2  3.5 3.2 3.8 11.1  3.0 2.5 3.0 /. 5  - 4.0 - 3.9 - 4.6 ■ 14.8  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  421 198 223 27  299 157 142 19  71.1 79.5 63.7 71.4  291 153 138 17  69.0 77.4 61.6 64.1  9 4 5 2  2.9 2.6 3.3 10.4  2.4 1.9 2.4 6.5  - 3.5 - 3.3 - 4.1 ~ 14.2  Women .....................................................  82 38 44  59 30 29  71.7 79.3 65.2  55 28 27  67.0 74.1 60.9  4 2 2  6.6 6.6 6.6  4.6 3.9 3.8  ~  8.5 9.3 9.3  Single (never married).............................. Mamed, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2.................................  129 283 97  102 205 55  79.2 72.2 57.2  96 200 53  74.5 70.6 55.1  6 5 2  6.0 2.2 3.6  4.7 1.7 2.2  -  7.3  454 210 244 27  315 158 157 11  69.3 75.3 64.2 42.3  299 150 149 9  65.8 71.4 61.1 34.1  16 8 8 2  5.0 5.1 4.9 19.3  4.3 4.2 4.0 13.0  Women .....................................................  149 74 76  119 63 56  79.4 84.9 74.1  116 61 54  77.3 82.9 71.9  3 1 2  2.6 2.3 3.0  1.8 1.3 1.8  ~  3.4 3.4 4.3  189 92 97 8  64.0 69.6 59.5 38.1  176 85 91 6  59.7 64.6 55.8 28.9  13 7 6 2  6.7 7.2 6.2 24.1  5.6 5.6 4.7 14.6  -  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  295 132 163 21  7.7 8.8 7.6 33.5  21 11 10  18 10 8  83.8 92.2 75.2  17 9 7  79.2 87.2 71.1  1  5.5 5.6 5.5  2.3 1.2 .8  -  8.7  “  8.0 3.2 6.0  -  5.9 5.5 6.7 17.3  Women...................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...................... White..........................................................  5.0  District of Columbia  Total............................................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...................... White ..........................................................  Hispanic origin........................................... Women .....................................................  1  R  - 5.7 - 6.1 - 5.9 ” 25.6  -~ 10.3  205 135 113  156 96 63  76.0 71.1 55.1  145 94 60  70.8 69.4 52.6  11 2 3  6.8 2.4 4.6  5.7 1.5 3.1  9,891 4,677 5,214 676  6,193 3,333 2,860 377  62.6 71.3 54.9 55.8  5,845 3,163 2,682 319  59.1 67.6 51.4 47.2  348 170 178 58  5.6 5.1 6.2 15.4  5.3 4.7 5.8 13.5  Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  8,372 3,983 4,389 498  5,168 2,823 2,345 298  61.7 70.9 53.4 59.8  4,934 2,704 2,230 266  58.9 67.9 50.8 53.4  233 119 114 32  4.5 4.2 4.9 10.7  4.2 3.8 4.4 8.8  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  1,350 611 739 161  907 447 459 73  67.2 73.2 62.1 45.1  799 400 399 47  59.2 65.4 54.0 29.3  108 47 60 25  11.9 10.6 13.1 35.1  10.6 8.9 11.2 28.0  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  1,208 583 625 86  803 460 343 44  66.5 79.0 54.9 51.6  744 428 316 40  61.6 73.5 50.6 46.4  59 32 27 5  7.4 6.9 7.9 10.2  6.3 5.6 6.2 4.9  - 8.4 - 8.3 - 9.6 ~ 15.5  Single (never married)............................... Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 ................................  2,159 5,640 2,092  1,586 3,478 1,129  73.5 61.7 54.0  1,448 3,336 1,061  67.1 59.1 50.7  138 142 68  8.7 4.1 6.0  8.0 3.7 5.3  -  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 ................................ Florida  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...................... White..........................................................  Hispanic origin...........................................  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  37  ~  - 4.8 - 4.6 - 5.4 ” 12.5 “  13.1 12.3 15.0 42.1  9.5 6.8  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian noninstitutional population  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years....................  State and population group  Civilian labor force  Employment  Unemployment  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  4,700 2,226 2,474 350  3,195 1,714 1,481 197  68.0 77.0 59.8 56.4  3,018 1,633 1,385 167  64.2 73.4 56.0 47.7  177 81 96 31  5.5 4.7 6.5 15.5  4.9 3.9 5.4 11.5  - 6.2 - 5.6 - 7.5 - 19.5  White.......................................................... Men .......................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  3,180 1,534 1,646 215  2,196 1,204 992 131  69.1 78.5 60.2 60.9  2,116 1,168 948 120  66.5 76.2 57.6 55.7  80 36 44 11  3.6 3.0 4.4 8.6  3.0 2.2 3.3 4.7  - 4.3 - 3.8 - 5.5 - 12.6  Black........................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  1,470 665 804 131  961 485 475 64  65.4 73.0 59.1 48.8  865 441 424 45  58.9 66.3 52.8 34.2  95 44 51 19  9.9 9.1 10.7 29.9  8.4 7.0 8.4 21.0  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................  1,090 2,645 964  779 1,876 540  71.4 70.9 55.9  699 1,812 506  64.2 68.5 52.5  79 64 33  10.2 3.4 6.1  8.5 2.7 4.5  - 11.9 - 4.1 - 7.8  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  790 366 424 54  525 271 254 26  66.4 74.1 59.9 47.8  511 264 248 23  64.7 72.1 58.3 43.1  13 7 6 3  2.6 2.6 2.5 9.8  2.1 1.9 1.9 6.0  - 3.0 - 3.2 - 3.2 - 13.6  White.......................................................... Men ......................................................... Women .....................................................  242 111 131  157 84 73  64.9 76.0 55.5  153 83 70  63.2 74.6 53.6  4 2 3  2.7 1.9 3.6  1.8 .9 2.1  -  3.5 2.9 5.0  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................  210 445 135  150 304 71  71.3 68.4 52.5  144 298 69  68.6 67.1 51.0  6 6 2  3.8 1.8 3.0  2.8 1.3 1.6  -  4.9 2.4 4.4  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  726 355 371 62  489 273 216 38  67.4 76.9 58.2 61.8  464 259 205 33  63.9 73.0 55.2 53.8  25 14 11 5  5.1 5.1 5.2 12.9  4.5 4.2 4.2 9.4  - 5.8 - 6.0 - 6.2 - 16.5  White .......................................................... Men........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  711 348 363 60  479 268 211 37  67.3 77.0 58.1 62.3  455 255 201 33  64.0 73.2 55.2 54.5  24 13 11 5  4.9 4.9 5.0 12.6  4.3 4.0 4.0 9.0  - 5.6 - 5.8 - 6.0 - 16.1  Hispanic origin........................................... Men ........................................................ Women .....................................................  37 22 15  30 19 11  81.7 88.4 72.3  28 18 10  75.0 83.0 63.7  2 1 1  8.2 6.1 11.9  5.0 2.5 5.6  - 11.4 - 9.6 - 18.2  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................  132 471 123  97 322 71  73.2 68.3 57.5  88 309 67  66.6 65.7 53.9  9 12 4  8.9 3.8 6.2  7.0 3.1 4.3  - 10.8 - 4.5 - 8.1  8,833 4,213 4,620 730  6,015 3,314 2,701 429  68.1 78.7 58.5 58.8  5,656 3,112 2,544 365  64.0 73.9 55.1 50.0  359 202 157 64  6.0 6.1 5.8 15.0  5.6 5.6 5.3 13.0  - 6.3 - 6.6 - 6.3 - 17.0  White......................... Men ........................... Women ......................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ......  7,347 3,562 3,785 549  5,087 2,855 2,232 356  69.2 80.2 59.0 64.8  4,868 2,722 2,146 320  66.3 76.4 56.7 58.2  219 133 86 36  4.3 4.7 3.8 10.2  4.0 4.2 3.4 8.4  - 4.6 - 5.1 - 4.3 - 12.1  Black..................... Men ...................... Women .......... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........  1,282 549 733 164  788 376 413 67  61.5 68.4 56.3 40.8  652 310 342 40  50.9 56.4 46.7 24.2  136 66 70 27  17.3 17.6 17.0 40.7  15.7 15.2 14.8 32.8  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Georgia  -  11.5 11.3 13.0 38.8  Hawaii  Idaho  Illinois Total............................................................. Men...................... Women................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..........  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  38  -  18.9 20.0 19.3 48.6  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  State and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Number  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force  Number  population  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Illinois—Continued  573 304 269 61  423 270 152 32  73.7 88.9 56.5 51.6  397 255 142 26  69.2 83.7 52.8 43.0  26 16 10 5  6.1 5.8 6.7 16.8  4.8 4.2 4.3 8.9  - 7.5 - 7.5 - 9.0 - 24.6  2,404 4,895 1,534  1,765 3,429 820  73.4 70.1 53.4  1,570 3,322 764  65.3 67.9 49.8  195 107 56  11.1 3.1 6.8  10.2 2.8 5.8  - 11.9 - 3.5 - 7.8  4,217 1,998 2,219 314  2,881 1,561 1,320 210  68.3 78.1 59.5 67.0  2,744 1,491 1,253 190  65.1 74.6 56.5 60.6  136 70 67 20  4.7 4.5 5.1 9.5  4.1 3.6 4.1 6.4  - 5.4 - 5.3 - 6.0 - 12.7  3,854 1,821 2,033 285  2,642 1,431 1,210 195  68.6 78.6 59.5 68.5  2,532 1,377 1,155 179  65.7 75.7 56.8 62.9  109 54 56 16  4.1 3.8 4.6 8.1  3.5 3.0 3.6 5.1  - 4.8 - 4.6 - 5.5 - 11.2  338 167 172  223 121 102  65.8 72.5 59.3  196 105 91  57.9 63.2 52.8  27 16 11  12.0 12.9 10.9  8.4 7.9 5.9  - 15.5 - 17.9 - 15.9  71  53  74.6  50  70.8  3  5.1  .3  -  9.9  57 55 24  8.1 3.1 5.8  6.5 2.5 4.0  -  9.7 3.8 7.6  Indiana  White .........................................................  932 2,551 734  702 1,760 419  75.3 69.0 57.1  645 1,705 395  69.2 66.8 53.8  2,154 1,045 1,109 156  1,513 819 694 101  70.2 78.4 62.6 64.9  1,448 780 668 88  67.2 74.6 60.3 56.1  65 39 26 14  4.3 4.8 3.7 13.6  3.7 3.9 2.9 9.7  - 4.9 - 5.6 - 4.5 - 17.4  2,082 1,009 1,073 145  1,468 792 676 95  70.5 78.5 63.0 65.4  1,408 756 652 83  67.6 74.9 60.8 56.8  60 36 23 13  4.1 4.5 3.5 13.2  3.5 3.7 2.7 9.3  - 4.6 - 5.4 - 4.3 - 17.1  459 1,342 354  344 979 190  75.0 72.9 53.8  315 955 178  68.7 71.2 50.4  29 24 12  8.4 2.4 6.3  6.7 1.9 4.3  - 10.1 - 3.0 - 8.3  1,854 889 965 142  1,284 705 579 89  69.3 79.3 60.1 62.6  1,233 677 556 79  66.5 76.1 57.7 55.3  52 28 23 10  4.0 4.0 4.0 11.7  3.5 3.3 3.2 8.4  - 4.6 - 4.8 - 4.8 - 15.0  1,713 819 894 127  1,184 650 534 82  69.1 79.3 59.7 64.6  1,142 627 515 73  66.7 76.6 57.6 57.5  42 23 19 9  3.5 3.5 3.5 11.1  3.0 2.8 2.7 7.7  - 4.1 - 4.2 - 4.3 - 14.5  100 52 48  73 41 32  73.1 78.7 67.0  64 36 28  63.9 68.8 58.7  9 5 4  12.5 12.6 12.3  8.5 7.2 6.3  - 16.5 - 18.0 - 18.4  36  26  73.5  25  70.8  1  3.7  .1  -  7.3  401 1,127 326  310 805 169  77.1 71.5 52.0  287 786 160  71.4 69.7 49.2  23 20 9  7.4 2.4 5.4  5.9 1.9 3.7  -  8.8 3.0 7.1  2,797 1,299 1,498 216  1,742 953 789 117  62.3 73.4 52.7 54.2  1,634 893 741 94  58.4 68.8 49.4 43.6  108 59 49 23  6.2 6.2 6.2 19.6  5.4 5.2 5.0 14.9  - 7.0 - 7.3 - 7.3 - 24.3  2,617 1,223 1,394 195  1,639 905 734 107  62.6 74.1 52.6 54.6  1,544 852 693 88  59.0 69.7 49.7 44.9  95 54 41 19  5.8 5.9 5.6 17.8  5.0 4.9 4.5 13.0  - 6.5 - 7.0 - 6.7 - 22.5  Iowa  Kansas  White ..........................................................  Kentucky  White ..........................................................  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  39  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstltutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  State and population group  Civilian labor force  Civilian noninstitutional population  Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Kentucky—Continued  Black........................................................... Men .......................................................... Women .....................................................  168 72 96  96 44 52  57.0 60.8 54.2  82 38 44  49.0 53.0 46.0  13 6 8  14.0 12.8 15.1  9.4 6.2 8.6  - 18.7 - 19.4 - 21.6  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2................................  543 1,715 539  359 1,124 259  66.1 65.5 48.1  317 1,079 238  58.4 62.9 44.1  42 45 22  11.6 4.0 8.3  9.4 3.2 6.1  - 13.8 - 4.8 - 10.6  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  3,156 1,485 1,671 285  1,900 1,080 820 122  60.2 72.7 49.1 42.8  1,749 995 754 95  55.4 67.1 45.1 33.4  151 84 66 27  7.9 7.8 8.1 22.0  7.1 6.7 6.8 17.5  - 8.7 - 8.9 - 9.3 - 26.5  White .......................................................... Men ....................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  2,278 1,090 1,188 188  1,407 816 591 90  61.7 74.8 49.8 47.7  1,336 775 561 81  58.7 71.1 47.3 42.9  70 41 30 9  5.0 5.0 5.0 9.9  4.2 4.0 3.8 5.9  - 5.8 - 6.0 - 6.2 - 14.0  Black........................................................... Men .......................................................... Women .....................................................  841 377 464  477 253 224  56.7 67.1 48.2  397 210 187  47.2 55.7 40.3  80 43 37  16.7 17.0 16.4  14.1 13.4 12.6  - 19.3 - 20.6 - 20.2  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 ................................  765 1,777 613  442 1,168 290  57.8 65.7 47.3  370 1,115 264  48.3 62.7 43.0  72 52 26  16.3 4.5 9.0  14.1 3.7 6.8  - 18.5 - 5.3 - 11.2  Total............................................................. Men......................................................... Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  928 439 489 66  616 331 284 38  66.3 75.5 58.1 57.2  590 318 273 33  63.6 72.4 55.7 49.4  25 14 12 5  4.1 4.2 4.1 13.6  3.5 3.4 3.2 9.7  - 4.7 - 5.0 - 4.9 - 17.5  White ..................................................... Men .......................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  920 435 485 66  610 328 281 38  66.2 75.5 58.0 57.1  584 314 270 32  63.5 72.3 55.6 49.2  25 14 11 5  4.1 4.2 4.1 13.8  3.6 3.4 3.2 9.8  - 4.7 - 5.0 - 4.9 - 17.7  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2................................  196 565 167  139 396 81  71.0 70.0 48.5  127 387 77  64.8 68.4 46.2  12 9 4  8.7 2.4 4.9  7.0 1.8 3.1  - 10.4 - 2.9 - 6.6  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  3,557 1,685 1,872 240  2,523 1,343 1,181 145  70.9 79.7 63.1 60.4  2,430 1,295 1,135 124  68.3 76.9 60.6 51.6  93 48 46 21  3.7 3.5 3.9 14.5  3.2 2.8 3.1 10.5  - 4.2 - 4.3 - 4.7 - 18.5  White ............................. Men ............................... Women ...................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  2,647 1,280 1,368 159  1,853 1,020 833 98  70.0 79.7 60.9 61.6  1,802 993 809 86  68.1 77.6 59.1 54.2  51 27 24 12  2.7 2.6 2.9 12.0  2.2 1.9 2.0 7.5  - 3.3 - 3.4 - 3.7 - 16.6  Black........................................................... Men ......................... Women ......................................  834 369 465  614 291 323  73.7 79.0 69.5  572 270 302  68.6 73.4 64.9  42 21 22  6.9 7.1 6.7  5.2 4.7 4.5  -  8.5 9.5 8.9  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2......  962 1,933 662  749 1,401 373  77.9 72.5 56.3  692 1,378 360  71.9 71.3 54.4  57 24 12  7.6 1.7 3.4  6.2 1.2 2.0  -  9.0 2.2 4.7  Louisiana  •  Maine  Maryland  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  40  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force  Civilian noninstitutional population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  4,618 2,162 2,456 336  3,180 1,681 1,499 200  68.9 77.7 61.0 59.6  3,053 1,608 1,445 177  66.1 74.4 58.8 52.7  White .......................................................... Men........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  4,337 2,040 2,297 310  2,998 1,590 1,408 190  69.1 77.9 61.3 61.3  2,885 1,525 1,360 170  Women .....................................................  165 68 98  107 51 57  64.9 75.0 57.9  Women .....................................................  131 58 73  78 44 35  Single (never married)............................... Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2.................................  1,391 2,456 771  State and population group  Rate  Error range of rate1  127 73 54 23  4.0 4.3 3.6 11.5  3.7 3.9 3.2 9.8  - 4.3 - 4.7 - 4.0 ~ 13.3  66.5 74.7 59.2 54.8  113 66 48 20  3.8 4.1 3.4 10.6  3.5 3.7 3.0 8.8  - 4.1 - 4.5 - 3.8 — 12.3  97 45 52  58.9 67.3 53.1  10 5 5  9.2 10.3 8.3  6.8 6.6 5.1  - 11.7 - 14.0 “ 11.5  60.0 74.8 48.1  72 40 32  54.8 69.1 43.4  7 3 3  8.5 7.6 9.8  5.8 4.1 5.5  - 11.2 - 11.0 - 14.1  1,026 1,760 394  73.8 71.7 51.1  959 1,719 375  68.9 70.0 48.7  68 41 19  6.6 2.3 4.7  6.0 2.0 3.9  -  Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  6,985 3,373 3,612 596  4,592 2,550 2,042 366  65.7 75.6 56.5 61.3  4,267 2,368 1,899 304  61.1 70.2 52.6 51.0  326 182 143 61  7.1 7.2 7.0 16.8  6.7 6.6 6.4 14.8  -  7.5 7.7 7.6 18.8  Women ..................... ............................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  5,935 2,893 3,043 472  4,002 2,245 1,757 313  67.4 77.6 57.7 66.3  3,770 2,113 1,657 268  63.5 73.1 54.4 56.9  232 132 100 44  5.8 5.9 5.7 14.1  5.4 5.4 5.1 12.1  -  6.2 6.4 6.3 16.1  Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  925 416 509 107  514 256 258 45  55.5 61.5 50.7 42.3  427 209 218 29  46.2 50.3 42.8 26.8  86 47 40 17  16.8 18.2 15.5 36.6  15.0 15.6 13.0 28.4  - 18.6 - 20.8 - 17.9 44.9  Women .....................................................  89 40 49  59 30 30  66.9 74.9 60.4  51 27 25  58.0 67.3 50.5  8 3 5  13.2 10.2 16.3  8.6 4.4 9.2  - 17.9 - 16.0 “ 23.5  Single (never married)............................... Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 ................................  1,790 3,954 1,241  1,294 2,646 653  72.3 66.9 52.6  1,138 2,535 594  63.6 64.1 47.9  156 111 59  12.1 4.2 9.0  11.1 3.8 7.9  - 13.0 _ 4.6 10.2  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  3,269 1,598 1,671 244  2,343 1,295 1,048 165  71.7 81.0 62.7 67.9  2,241 1,235 1,006 147  68.6 77.3 60.2 60.4  102 60 42 18  4.3 4.6 4.0 11.1  3.7 3.8 3.2 7.7  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  3,138 1,542 1,596 230  2,270 1,258 1,012 160  72.3 81.6 63.4 69.7  2,181 1,205 976 143  69.5 78.2 61.1 62.3  89 53 36 17  3.9 4.2 3.5 10.6  3.3 3.4 2.7 7.2  -  4.5 5.0 4.4 14.0  Single (never married)............................... Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 .................................  871 1,916 482  680 1,414 248  78.1 73.8 51.4  634 1,373 234  72.8 71.7 48.5  46 41 14  6.8 2.9 5.7  5.5 2.3 3.6  -  8.2 3.5 7.8  Number  Massachusetts  Hispanic origin...........................................  7.2 2.6 5.6  Michigan  Hispanic origin...........................................  -  -  ~  Minnesota  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  41  4.9 - 5.4 - 4.9 " 14.5 -  -  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian non­ institutional population  Total........................................ Men....... ................................ Women.............................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .  State and population group  Civilian I abor force  Employment  Unemployment  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  1,893 881 1,012 168  1,166 633 533 72  61.6 71.8 52.7 42.5  1,076 591 485 54  56.8 67.0 47.9 31.9  91 42 49 18  7.8 6.6 9.1 25.0  7.0 5.6 7.9 20.3  - 8.6 - 7.6 - 10.4 - 29.6  White ..................................... Men ...................................... Women ................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  1,259 605 654 93  798 448 350 45  63.4 74.1 53.5 48.8  766 431 334 39  60.8 71.3 51.1 42.4  33 17 16 6  4.1 3.8 4.4 13.2  3.4 2.9 3.3 8.2  - 4.8 - 4.7 - 5.6 - 18.2  Black..................................... Men.................................. Women ............................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  624 272 351 75  363 182 181 26  58.1 66.7 51.5 34.7  305 157 148 14  48.9 57.7 42.1 18.8  58 25 33 12  15.9 13.6 18.2 45.8  13.7 10.7 15.0 34.3  -  Single (never married)......... Married, spouse present..... Other marital status2...........  439 1,068 386  273 716 177  62.1 67.1 46.0  227 687 162  51.7 64.3 42.0  46 29 15  16.9 4.1 8.5  14.7 3.3 6.4  - 19.1 - 4.9 - 10.7  Total........................................ Men........................................ Women.................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .  3,911 1,816 2,095 274  2,614 1,394 1,220 176  66.8 76.8 58.3 64.2  2,471 1,325 1,146 142  63.2 72.9 54.7 51.9  143 69 74 34  5.5 5.0 6.1 19.2  4.8 4.1 5.1 14.9  - 6.2 - 5.8 - 7.1 - 23.4  White .................................... Men ..................................... Women ................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  3,471 1,623 1,848 232  2,307 1,246 1,061 154  66.5 76.7 57.4 66.2  2,198 1,193 1,005 127  63.3 73.5 54.4 54.6  110 53 56 27  4.7 4.3 5.3 17.5  4.1 3.4 4.3 13.1  - 5.4 - 5.1 - 6.3 - 21.9  Black..................................... Men ..................................... Women ................................  385 164 221  268 125 143  69.5 76.2 64.5  237 110 127  61.5 67.1 57.4  31 15 16  11.5 11.9 11.0  8.5 7.4 7.0  - 14.5 - 16.5 - 15.1  Single (never married)......... Married, spouse present..... Other marital status2...........  906 2,251 754  691 1,529 394  76.3 67.9 52.3  628 1,471 372  69.3 65.4 49.3  64 58 22  9.2 3.8 5.6  7.6 3.0 3.9  - 10.8 - 4.5 - 7.3  Total......................................... Men......................................... Women................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...  596 290 306 43  405 223 182 26  67.9 76.7 59.6 59.6  381 209 172 22  63.9 72.1 56.2 50.4  24 13 10 4  5.9 6.0 5.7 15.4  5.2 5.0 4.6 11.3  - 6.6 - 7.0 - 6.8 - 19.6  White ...................................... Men ....................................... Women ................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .  563 275 288 40  385 212 173 25  68.3 76.9 60.1 61.8  365 200 ' 164 21  64.8 72.8 57.0 53.2  20 11 9 3  5.2 5.3 5.0 13.9  4.5 4.4 4.0 9.7  - 5.9 - 6.3 - 6.1 - 18.0  Single (never married)........... Married, spouse present....... Other marital status2.............  120 367 109  85 256 64  70.9 69.9 58.1  75 247 59  63.0 67.3 53.5  9 9 5  11.1 3.6 8.0  9.1 2.9 5.9  - 13.2 - 4.4 - 10.1  Total........................................ Men....................................... Women................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .  1,194 563 631 86  812 434 378 55  68.0 77.2 59.8 63.7  787 422 365 51  65.9 74.9 57.9 58.7  25 13 12 4  3.1 2.9 3.3 7.8  2.6 2.2 2.6 5.0  - 3.6 - 3.5 - 4.0 - 10.7  White .................................... Men ..................................... Women ............................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  1,144 543 601 80  779 420 360 53  68.1 77.3 59.8 65.9  757 408 349 49  66.1 75.1 58.0 61.0  23 12 11 4  2.9 2.8 3.1 7.3  2.4 2.1 2.3 4.5  - 3.4 - 3.4 - 3.8 - 10.2  Black......................................  38  23  60.8  22  57.3  1  5.8  2.0  -  9.6  Single (never married)......... Married, spouse present..... Other marital status2...........  268 734 192  205 516 9"!  76.5 70.3 47.3  194 505 87  72.5 68.8 45.5  11 11 3  5.1 2.1 3.8  3.9 1.6 2.2  -  6.4 2.6 5.4  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Mississippi  18.0 16.4 21.4 57.3  Missouri  Montana  Nebraska  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  42  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  State and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Nevada  Total............................................................ Men............................................................ Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  841 421 420 61  602 339 263 37  71.6 80.4 62.7 59.6  572 318 254 32  68.0 75.5 60.4 51.5  30 21 10 5  5.0 6.1 3.6 13.7  4.4 5.2 2.8 10.7  - 5.6 - 7.0 - 4.4 - 16.7  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  745 379 366 49  •535 305 229 31  71.8 80.6 62.7 64.4  509 288 221 28  68.4 76.0 60.5 56.6  25 17 8 4  4.7 5.7 3.5 12.2  4.1 4.8 2.7 9.0  - 5.4 - 6.6 - 4.3 - 15.4  Black...........................................................  63  42  67.2  38  60.6  4  9.8  6.4  - 13.2  Hispanic origin........................................... Men ...........................................................  68 35  49 29  71.5 83.6  47 28  69.0 80.3  2 1  3.5 3.9  1.6 1.3  -  5.4 6.5  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2.................................  194 458 189  150 326 126  77.5 71.2 66.5  138 314 120  71.1 68.7 63.2  12 12 6  8.3 3.6 4.9  6.9 2.9 3.6  -  9.7 4.3 6.2  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  838 409 429 60  611 338 273 38  72.9 82.7 63.6 63.2  589 327 262 33  70.3 80.0 61.1 55.1  21 11 10 5  3.5 3.3 3.8 12.8  3.0 2.6 3.0 8.9  - 4.1 - 4.0 - 4.7 - 16.7  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  825 403 422 59  600 332 267 37  72.7 82.5 63.4 63.3  580 322 258 32  70.3 80.0 61.1 55.0  20 10 9 5  3.3 3.1 3.5 13.0  2.7 2.4 2.7 9.1  - 3.8 - 3.8 - 4.3 - 17.0  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 .................................  199 502 137  156 374 81  78.3 74.5 59.1  147 365 78  73.7 72.7 56.7  9 9 3  5.9 2.4 4.0  4.6 1.8 2.4  -  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  6,032 2,870 3,162 435  3,989 2,193 1,796 209  66.1 76.4 56.8 48.1  3,826 2,100 1,726 186  63.4 73.2 54.6 42.8  163 93 70 23  4.1 4.3 3.9 11.0  3.8 3.9 3.5 9.1  - 4.4 - 4.6 - 4.3 - 12.9  White .......................................................... Men .......................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  5,137 2,452 2,684 343  3,371 1,875 1,496 175  65.6 76.4 55.7 51.0  3,252 1,806 1,446 159  63.3 73.6 53.9 46.3  119 69 50 16  3.5 3.7 3.3 9.2  3.2 3.3 2.9 7.2  - 3.8 - 4.1 - 3.8 - 11.1  Black........................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  693 314 378 72  470 231 239 29  67.9 73.4 63.3 39.7  430 209 221 22  62.1 66.4 58.4 31.0  40 22 18 6  8.6 9.5 7.7 21.8  7.4 7.7 6.0 14.0  - 9.8 - 11.4 - 9.4 - 29.6  Hispanic origin........................................... Men ........................................................... Women .....................................................  448 212 237  302 174 127  67.2 82.3 53.7  283 165 118  63.1 78.1 49.7  18 9 9  6.1 5.1 7.5  4.8 3.5 5.2  -  7.4 6.7 9.7  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 ................................  1,678 3,338 1,017  1,187 2,284 518  70.8 68.4 51.0  1,104 2,227 495  65.8 66.7 48.7  83 57 23  7.0 2.5 4.4  6.4 2.2 3.6  -  7.7 2.8 5.2  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  1,096 522 574 90  698 385 313 45  63.7 73.8 54.4 49.9  651 357 295 36  59.4 68.3 51.3 40.2  46 29 18 9  6.7 7.4 5.7 19.4  5.9 6.5 4.7 16.9  - 7.4 - 8.4 - 6.6 - 22.0  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  992 472 520 81  633 350 283 42  63.7 74.0 54.4 51.7  595 326 268 35  59.9 69.1 51.6 42.9  38 23 15 7  6.0 6.6 5.2 17.0  5.3 5.7 4.3 14.1  - 6.7 - 7.6 - 6.2 - 19.9  Hispanic origin........................................... Men ........................................................... Women .....................................................  378 181 197  234 131 104  61.9 72.3 52.4  213 117 96  56.4 64.8 48.8  21 14 7  8.9 10.4 7.0  7.4 8.3 5.0  - 10.4 - 12.5 - 9.0  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 .................. ..........  245 650 201  167 422 108  68.1 65.0 53.8  148 401 102  60.5 61.7 50.8  19 22 6  11.2 5.1 5.7  9.6 4.3 4.1  - 12.8 - 5.9 - 7.3  New Hampshire  7.3 3.0 5.6  New Jersey  New Mexico  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  43  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian labor force  Employment  Unemployment  Civilian non­ institutional population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Total................................................. Men................................................. Women................ -...............*........ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..........  13,806 6,382 7,424 1,057  8,681 4,763 3,918 488  62.9 74.6 52.8 46.2  8,238 4,508 3,730 417  59.7 70.6 50.2 39.5  442 255 187 70  5.1 5.4 4.8 14.5  4.8 5.0 4.4 12.8  5.3 _ 5.7 _ 5.1 - 16.1  White .............................................. Men............................................... .......... Women ......................................... .......... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........ .... .....  11,414 5,331 6,084 836  7,197 4,005 3,192 417  63.1 75.1 52.5 49.9  6,889 3,828 3,061 369  60.4 71.8 50.3 44.1  307 176 131 48  4.3 4.4 4.1 11.6  4.0 4.1 3.7 10.0  4.5 _ 4.7 _ 4.5 - 13.2  Black............................................... .......... Men ............................................... .......... Women ......................................... .......... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........ ..........  1,856 792 1,064 185  1,132 558 575 62  61.0 70.4 54.0 33.5  1,010 487 524 41  54.4 61.4 49.2 22.3  122 71 51 21  10.8 12.7 8.9 33.5  9.8 11.1 7.6 26.3  11.8 _ 14.3 _ 10.2 - 40.8  Hispanic origin............................... Men ............................................... .......... Women ......................................... .......... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........ ..........  1,458 650 808 149  840 499 340 51  57.6 76.9 42.1 34.4  772 460 313 38  53.0 70.7 38.7 25.3  67 40 27 14  8.0 8.0 8.1 26.5  7.0 6.6 6.5 19.5  9.0 _ 9.3 _ 9.7 - 33.5  Single (never married).................. Married, spouse present............... Other marital status2.................... ......... ..........  4,067 7,128 2,611  2,699 4,744 1,238  66.4 66.5 47.4  2,474 4,594 1,170  60.8 64.4 44.8  225 150 67  8.3 3.2 5.4  7.8 2.9 4.8  _ -  Total.................................................. Men.................................................. Women............................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...........  4,938 2,362 2,576 387  3,391 1,835 1,556 219  68.7 77.7 60.4 56.7  3,272 1,776 1,497 195  66.3 75.2 58.1 50.5  119 60 59 24  3.5 3.2 3.8 10.9  3.2 2.9 3.4 9.2  3.8 _ 3.6 _ 4.2 - 12.6  White ............................................... Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  3,853 1,857 1,996 277  2,662 1,459 1,203 171  69.1 78.6 60.3 61.5  2,588 1,422 1,166 155  67.2 76.6 58.4 56.0  74 37 37 15  2.8 2.6 3.0 9.0  2.5 2.2 2.6 7.2  3.0 _ 2.9 _ 3.4 - 10.8  Black................................................ Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  1,007 467 540 102  674 346 328 47  66.9 74.1 60.7 45.9  632 325 307 39  62.7 69.6 56.7 37.9  42 21 21 8  6.3 6.0 6.5 17.5  5.5 4.9 5.4 12.7  7.1 _ 7.1 _ 7.7 - 22.3  Hispanic origin................................ Men ................................................  37 21  29 20  78.3 93.6  27 19  74.5 90.3  1 1  4.9 3.5  1.4 <3>  Single (never married).................... Married, spouse present................ Other marital status2.....................  1,136 2,885 917  827 2,054 510  72.8 71.2 55.6  771 2,011 490  67.9 69.7 53.5  56 43 20  6.7 2.1 3.9  6.0 1.8 3.2  Total.................................................. Men.................................................. Women............................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...........  478 232 246 38  331 182 149 23  69.2 78.1 60.8 60.7  317 174 143 21  66.2 74.9 58.1 54.0  14 8 7 3  4.3 4.2 4.5 11.0  3.7 3.4 3.6 7.7  _ _  White .............................................. Men ................................................ Women ......................................... Both sexes. 16 to 19 years .........  459 224 235 36  320 176 144 23  69.6 78.5 61.2 62.4  308 170 138 20  67.0 75.6 58.8 55.9  12 6 6 2  3.8 3.7 4.0 10.5  3.2 2.9 3.1 7.2  4.4 _ 4.4 _ 4.8 - 13.8  Single (never married)................... Married, spouse present................ Other marital status2 .....................  107 305 66  78 221 31  72.8 72.7 47.5  72 215 30  66.9 70.5 45.4  6 7 1  8.1 3.0 4.4  6.5 2.4 2.4  9.7 3.6 6.3  8,262 3,936 4,326 705  5,419 2,960 2,459 415  65.6 75.2 56.8 58.8  5,118 2,792 2,327 353  62.0 70.9 53.8 50.1  300 168 132 61  5.5 5.7 5.4 14.8  5.2 5.2 4.9 13.0  7,344 3,516 3,829 599  4,860 2,678 2,182 369  66.2 76.2 57.0 61.6  4,636 2,555 2,081 326  63.1 72.7 54.4 54.4  224 123 101 43  4.6 4.6 4.6 11.6  4.3 4.2 4.2 9.9  State and population group  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  New York  8.9 3.4 6.1  North Carolina  -  8.3 7.0  -  7.5 2.4 4.6  North Dakota 4.9 5.0 5.3 - 14.3  -  Ohio  Total.................................................. Men............................................ Women............................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........... White ............................................... Men ................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........  .....  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  44  5.9 6.1 _ 5.9 16.6 _  4.9 5.0 5.1 _ 13.3 _  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian non­ institutional population  State and population group  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Ohio—Continued 521 261  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...........  859 392 466 101  44  43.0  26  25.6  18  40.4  31.0  - 49.7  Hispanic origin.................................. Men ..................................................  84 48  57 38  67.7 79.9  51 35  60.6 73.7  6 3  10.5 7.7  5.9 2.9  - 15.1 - 12.6  Single (never married)..................... Married, spouse present.................. Other marital status2 ........................  1,953 4,856 1,453  1,389 3,308 721  71.1 68.1 49.7  1,254 3,193 671  64.2 65.8 46.2  135 115 51  9.7 3.5 7.0  8.9 3.1 6.0  - 10.5 - 3.8 - 8.0  Total.................................................... Men.................................................... Women.............................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.............  2,386 1,138 1,248 203  1,523 831 692 102  63.8 73.0 55.4 50.4  1,438 784 654 86  60.3 68.9 52.4 42.6  85 46 38 16  5.6 5.6 5.6 15.5  4.9 4.7 4.6 11.8  - 6.2 - 6.5 - 6.5 - 19.2  White ................................................. Men .................................................. Women ............................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...........  2,055 979 1,076 154  1,337 738 600 82  65.1 75.3 55.7 53.4  1,275 702 573 71  62.1 71.7 53.3 46.0  62 35 27 11  4.6 4.8 4.4 13.9  4.0 3.9 3.5 9.9  - 5.3 - 5.7 - 5.4 - 17.9  Black................................................... Men ................................................... Women .............................................  149 68 81  79 33 46  53.2 47.9 57.6  66 27 39  44.2 39.1 48.5  13 6 7  16.9 18.3 15.9  11.8 10.2 9.5  - 21.9 - 26.4 - 22.3  11 ^  Oklahoma  Hispanic origin...................................  43  31  73.3  29  66.8  3  8.9  2.5  - 15.2  Single (never married)...................... Married, spouse present................... Other marital status2.........................  464 1,469 453  295 984 244  63.7 66.9 53.9  261 949 228  56.2 64.6 50.3  35 34 16  11.7 3.5 6.6  9.7 2.8 4.8  - 13.8 - 4.1 - 8.3  Total..................................................... Men .................................................... Women............................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .............  2,160 1,061 1,099 159  1,475 817 658 101  68.3 77.0 59.9 63.7  1,391 770 621 84  64.4 72.6 56.5 53.0  84 48 37 17  5.7 5.8 5.6 16.8  5.0 4.9 4.6 13.0  - 6.4 - 6.8 - 6.6 - 20.6  White ....................... .......................... Men .................................................. Women ............................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ............  2,072 1,018 1,055 150  1,411 782 629 97  68.1 76.8 59.7 64.6  1,333 737 596 81  64.3 72.4 56.5 53.9  78 45 33 16  5.5 5.8 5.3 16.6  4.8 4.8 4.2 12.8  - 6.3 - 6.7 - 6.3 - 20.5  Single (never married)...................... Married, spouse present................... Other marital status2 ........................  480 1,273 407  363 879 233  75.7 69.0 57.3  324 847 219  67.6 66.5 54.0  39 32 14  10.7 3.6 5.8  8.9 2.9 4.1  - 12.5 - 4.4 - 7.6  Total...................................................... Men...................................................... Women................................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...............  9,367 4,416 4,951 624  5,857 3,242 2,615 345  62.5 73.4 52.8 55.4  5,592 3,089 2,504 300  59.7 69.9 50.6 48.0  264 154 111 46  4.5 4.7 4.2 13.3  4.2 4.3 3.8 11.2  - 4.8 - 5.2 - 4.7 - 15.3  White ................................................... Men .................................................... Women .............................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .............  8,494 4,016 4,478 548  5,326 2,982 2,344 318  62.7 74.3 52.3 58.0  5,106 2,851 2,255 279  60.1 71.0 50.4 51.0  220 131 89 39  4.1 4.4 3.8 12.2  3.8 4.0 3.4 10.1  - 4.4 - 4.8 - 4.2 - 14.2  753 344 409  457 221 236  60.7 64.2 57.7  416 200 216  55.2 58.2 52.7  41 21 20  9.0 9.4 8.6  7.4 7.1 6.4  - 10.5 - 11.7 - 10.7  Hispanic origin.................................... Men .................................................... Women ..............................................  122 55 67  80 45 35  65.5 80.7 52.9  74 41 33  60.5 74.2 49.1  6 4 3  7.6 8.0 7.1  4.2 3.4 2.1  - 11.1 - 12.7 - 12.1  Single (never married)........................ Married, spouse present................... Other marital status2 .........................  2,269 5,451 1,648  1,599 3,536 722  70.5 64.9 43.8  1,476 3,433 683  65.1 63.0 41.5  123 103 39  7.7 2.9 5.4  7.0 2.6 4.4  -  Oregon  Pennsylvania  Black.................................................... Men .................................................... Women ..............................................  ...  .....  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  45  8.4 3.2 6.3  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  State and population group  Civilian non­ institutional population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate*  Rhode Island  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  770 372 398 57  525 290 236 39  68.2 77.9 59.2 69.2  504 278 226 35  65.5 74.7 56.8 62.0  21 12 10 4  4.1 4.1 4.1 10.3  3.5 3.3 3.2 7.1  - 4.7 - 4.9 - 5.0 - 13.6  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  727 352 375 53  496 274 222 38  68.2 77.8 59.2 71.3  477 264 213 34  65.5 74.8 56.8 64.7  19 11 9 3  3.9 3.8 4.0 9.3  3.3 3.0 3.1 6.1  - 4.5 - 4.6 - 4.9 - 12.4  Black...........................................................  28  19  69.7  18  64.8  1  7.0  2.8  - 11.3  Hispanic origin........................................... Men ...........................................................  21 12  17 10  78.9 87.4  16 9  73.7 80.7  1 1  6.6 7.6  2.3 1.6  - 11.0 - 13.7  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2................................  211 433 126  162 297 66  77.0 68.6 52.4  153 288 63  72.3 66.6 50.0  10 8 3  6.1 2.9 4.6  4.8 2.2 2.9  -  * Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  2,566 1,199 1,367 211  1,695 918 777 106  66.0 76.6 56.8 50.3  1,615 879 736 91  62.9 73.3 53.9 43.1  80 39 40 15  4.7 4.3 5.2 14.3  4.1 3.5 4.2 10.2  - 5.3 - 5.1 - 6.1 - 18.3  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  1,836 879 957 135  1,226 686 541 76  66.8 78.0 56.5 56.5  1,185 664 521 69  64.5 75.5 54.4 50.8  41 22 20 8  3.4 3.2 3.6 10.0  2.8 2.4 2.7 5.9  - 4.0 - 4.0 - 4.6 - 14.1  Black........................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  712 311 401 74  456 225 231 30  64.0 72.3 57.6 39.9  418 207 210 22  58.6 66.6 52.5 29.9  38 18 21 7  8.4 7.9 8.9 25.1  7.0 5.9 6.8 16.5  - 9.9 - 9.9 - 11.0 - 33.8  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2................................  572 1,541 453  387 1,081 227  67.6 70.1 50.2  346 1,055 214  60.5 68.4 47.2  40 26 13  10.4 2.4 5.9  8.6 1.9 4.0  - 12.3 - 3.0 - 7.7  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  519 250 269 44  361 195 166 28  69.6 78.1 61.7 64.0  346 188 158 24  66.7 75.0 58.9 56.0  15 8 7 4  4.2 3.9 4.5 12.5  3.6 3.2 3.6 9.4  - 4.7 - 4.7 - 5.3 - 15.7  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  480 232 248 37  339 185 154 26  70.5 79.5 62.1 68.8  328 179 149 23  68.4 77.3 60.0 62.1  10 5 5 2  3.0 2.7 3.4 9.7  2.5 2.1 2.6 6.7  - 3.5 - 3.4 - 4.2 - 12.7  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2................................  117 323 78  88 234 39  74.8 72.5 49.9  81 228 37  68.9 70.6 46.9  7 6 2  7.9 2.5 6.0  6.4 1.9 4.0  -  Total............................................................. Men..................................... Women ............................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  3,753 1,753 2,000 301  2,368 1,284 1,085 154  63.1 73.2 54.2 51.1  2,247 1,222 1,025 131  59.9 69.7 51.2 43.4  121 61 60 23  5.1 4.8 5.5 14.9  4.4 3.9 4.5 10.9  - 5.8 - 5.6 - 6.6 - 19.0  White .................. Men ........................................ Women ...................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  3,127 1,466 1,661 239  1,984 1,089 895 126  63.5 74.3 53.9 52.7  1,895 1,044 851 108  60.6 71.2 51.2 45.0  89 45 44 18  4.5 4.1 4.9 14.7  3.8 3.2 3.9 10.2  - 5.2 - 5.0 - 6.0 - 19.1  Black.......................................................... Men ......................................................... Women .....................................................  602 275 327  370 186 184  61.5 67.7 56.2  339 170 169  56.3 61.8 51.7  31 16 15  8.4 8.7 8.0  6.3 5.8 5.1  - 10.4 - 11.7 - 10.8  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2................................  819 2,206 728  534 1,481 352  65.3 67.2 48.4  483 1,436 328  58.9 65.1 45.1  52 45 24  9.7 3.1 6.8  7.8 2.4 4.9  - 11.5 - 3.7 - 8.8  7.4 3.5 6.3  South Carolina  South Dakota  9.4 3.0 8.0  Tennessee  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  46  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian non­ institutional population  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  State and population group  Civilian labor force  Employment  Unemployment Error range of rate1  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  12,217 5,868 6,349 1,023  8,427 4,687 3,740 544  69.0 79.9 58.9 53.2  7,859 4,384 3,476 435  64.3 74.7 54.7 42.6  567 303 264 109  6.7 6.5 7.1 20.0  6.4 6.0 6.5 18.1  - 7.1 - 6.9 - 7.6 - 21.8  White.......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  10,597 5,099 5,498 875  7,260 4,075 3,185 475  68.5 79.9 57.9 54.3  6,824 3,834 2,989 394  64.4 75.2 54.4 45.1  436 241 196 80  6.0 5.9 6.1 16.9  5.6 5.4 5.6 15.0  - 6.4 - 6.4 - 6.7 - 18.9  Black........................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  1,398 669 729 135  1,011 527 484 64  72.3 78.8 66.3 47.6  890 469 421 37  63.7 70.1 57.8 27.8  121 58 62 27  11.9 11.1 12.9 41.6  10.5 9.2 10.7 32.4  -  13.4 13.0 15.0 50.9  Hispanic origin........................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  2,809 1,381 1,428 306  1,872 1,116 755 145  66.6 80.8 52.9 47.2  1,680 1,005 676 105  59.8 72.7 47.3 34.3  191 112 79 40  10.2 10.0 10.5 27.5  9.3 8.8 9.0 23.2  -  11.1 11.2 12.0 31.8  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present........................... Other marital status2 ................................  2,760 7,261 2,196  1,988 5,102 1,336  72.0 70.3 60.8  1,755 4,871 1,233  63.6 67.1 56.2  233 231 103  11.7 4.5 7.7  10.8 4.2 6.8  - 12.6 - 4.9 - 8.6  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  1,110 543 567 111  789 441 347 77  71.1 81.3 61.2 69.6  752 422 330 67  67.8 77.8 58.2 60.2  37 19 17 10  4.6 4.3 5.0 13.4  4.0 3.6 4.1 10.7  -  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  1,078 525 553 108  767 428 339 75  71.1 81.4 61.4 69.8  731 409 323 65  67.8 77.8 58.4 60.2  36 19 17 10  4.6 4.4 4.9 13.8  4.0 3.6 4.0 11.0  -  Hispanic origin...........................................  40  30  73.5  27  66.8  3  9.1  4.8  - 13.4  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................  247 713 150  194 503 91  78.6 70.5 61.1  177 490 85  71.7 68.7 56.8  17 13 6  8.8 2.6 7.1  7.2 2.0 5.0  - 10.3 - 3.2 - 9.1  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  430 206 224 30  307 165 142 19  71.5 80.0 63.7 63.4  296 159 137 17  68.8 77.2 61.1 56.6  11 6 6 2  3.7 3.4 4.1 10.8  3.2 2.7 3.2 7.1  - 4.3 - 4.2 - 4.9 - 14.4  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................  427 205 222 30  306 164 142 19  71.6 80.1 63.8 63.5  295 158 136 17  69.0 77.4 61.2 56.7  11 6 6 2  3.7 3.4 4.0 10.8  3.1 2.7 3.2 7.1  - 4.3 - 4.2 - 4.9 - 14.4  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................  104 252 74  77 190 40  74.0 75.4 54.5  72 186 38  68.9 73.9 51.5  5 4 2  6.9 2.1 5.4  5.4 1.5 3.6  -  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  4,546 2,156 2,390 337  3,145 1,679 1,466 182  69.2 77.9 61.3 54.0  3,023 1,624 1,398 156  66.5 75.3 58.5 46.4  123 55 68 26  3.9 3.3 4.6 14.1  3.4 2.6 3.8 10.5  - 4.4 - 3.9 - 5.5 - 17.8  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  3,575 1,743 1,833 238  2,484 1,378 1,107 137  69.5 79.1 60.4 57.7  2,420 1,345 1,075 125  67.7 77.2 58.7 52.7  64 33 31 12  2.6 2.4 2.8 8.8  2.1 1.7 2.1 5.2  - 3.1 - 3.0 - 3.6 - 12.3  Black........................................................... Men ........................................................... Women .....................................................  848 366 482  567 260 307  66.9 71.1 63.6  512 239 273  60.4 65.4 56.6  55 21 34  9.7 8.0 11.1  7.9 5.6 8.6  - 11.4 - 10.4 - 13.6  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2................................  1,116 2,656 774  825 1,874 447  73.9 70.5 57.7  764 1,834 424  68.5 69.0 54.8  60 40 22  7.3 2.1 5.0  5.9 1.6 3.4  -  Number  Rate  Texas  Utah  5.2 - 5.1 - 5.9 - 16.1 5.2 5.2 5.8 - 16.5  Vermont  8.4 2.6 7.3  Virginia  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  47  8.7 2.7 6.6  Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian labor force  Employment  Unemployment  Civilian noninstitutional population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Total............................................................. Men............................................................ Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  3,555 1,738 1,817 254  2,451 1,336 1,115 168  68.9 76.9 61.4 66.0  2,300 1,258 1,042 139  64.7 72.4 57.3 54.6  151 77 74 29  6.2 5.8 6.6 17.4  5.5 4.9 5.6 13.5  - 6.9 - 6.7 - 7.7 - 21.2  White ......................................................... Men.......................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  3,302 1,618 1,685 233  2,283 1,249 1,034 155  69.1 77.2 61.4 66.5  2,154 1,183 970 130  65.2 73.2 57.6 55.6  129 65 64 25  5.7 5.2 6.2 16.4  5.0 4.3 5.1 12.4  - 6.3 - 6.1 - 7.2 “ 20.3  State and population group  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Washington  Black...........................................................  89  65  73.0  54  60.5  11  17.0  10.2  - 23.8  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status12 3................................  798 2,116 641  619 1,424 408  77.6 67.3 63.6  555 1,369 376  69.5 64.7 58.7  64 55 32  10.3 3.9 7.8  8.6 3.2 6.0  - 12.0 - 4.6 - 9.7  Total............................................................ Men............................................................ Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  1,431 675 756 118  767 442 325 47  53.6 65.5 42.9 40.0  701 403 298 37  49.0 59.7 39.4 31.3  66 39 27 10  8.6 8.8 8.2 21.9  7.7 7.6 6.9 16.7  _ 9.5 - 10.0 - 9.6 - 27.0  White .......................................................... Men ........................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  1,366 645 722 113  735 424 311 46  53.8 65.8 43.0 40.8  673 387 286 36  49.3 60.1 39.6 32.3  62 37 25 10  8.4 8.7 8.1 21.0  7.5 7.5 6.7 15.8  - 9.3 - 9.9 - 9.4 - 26.1  Black...........................................................  58  28  47.8  24  42.2  3  11.8  6.4  - 17.1  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2................................  275 894 263  150 511 106  54.6 57.2 40.3  128 478 95  46.5 53.5 36.2  22 33 11  14.7 6.5 10.0  12.2 5.5 7.5  - 17.3 - 7.4 - 12.6  Total............................................................ Men............................................................ Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  3,669 1,772 1,897 282  2,611 1,414 1,197 190  71.2 79.8 63.1 67.5  2,497 1,354 1,144 169  68.1 76.4 60.3 59.9  114 61 53 22  4.4 4.3 4.4 11.4  3.8 3.5 3.5 8.0  - 5.0 - 5.1 - 5.3 - 14.8  White.......................................................... Men .......................................................... Women ................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  3,489 1,691 1,798 261  2,499 1,360 1,139 185  71.6 80.5 63.4 70.9  2,405 1,310 1,096 165  68.9 77.5 60.9 63.3  94 51 43 20  3.8 3.7 3.8 10.6  3.2 2.9 3.0 7.2  - 4.3 - 4.5 - 4.7 - 14.0  Black ...........................................................  127  82  64.5  64  50.8  17  21.2  15.0  - 27.4  57 39 18  7.7 2.5 6.0  6.3 1.9 3.9  West Virginia  Wisconsin  945 2,184 540  743 1,573 296  78.6 72.0 54.7  685 1,534 278  72.5 70.3 51.4  Total............................................................. Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  344 169 175 32  239 134 105 20  69.4 79.2 60.0 62.9  224 125 98 16  65.0 73.9 56.4 50.2  15 9 6 4  6.3 6.6 5.9 20.2  5.5 5.6 4.8 16.2  - 7.1 - 7.7 - 7.1 - 24.2  White .......................................................... Men .......................................................... Women ..................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...................  338 167 171 30  234 132 102 19  69.4 79.2 59.8 63.4  220 123 96 15  65.1 74.1 56.4 51.0  15 9 6 4  6.2 6.5 5.8 19.6  5.4 5.4 4.7 15.5  - 7.0 - 7.5 - 6.9 - 23.6  Hispanic origin........................................... Men ........................................................... Women .....................................................  17 8 9  12 6 6  70.8 79.0 63.9  11 5 5  63.7 70.0 58.4  1 1 1  10.0 11.4 8.6  5.6 4.8 2.7  - 14.5 - 18.0 - 14.6  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2................................  68 220 56  48 157 34  70.5 71.4 60.6  41 151 32  59.7 68.9 56.2  7 5 2  15.3 3.4 7.2  12.9 2.7 5.0  Single (never married).............................. Married, spouse present.......................... Other marital status2 ................................  -  9.2 3.1 8.1  Wyoming  ■  17.7 4.1 9.3  NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­ ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval, which means that if repeated samples were drawn from the same population and an error range constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out of 10 cases the true value based on a complete census of the population would be contained within these error ranges. 2 “Other marital status” includes divorced, widowed, separated, and married with spouse absent. 3 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  48  Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages (In thousands) Employed  Unemployed  Full time Population group and State  Part time Part time for economic reasons, usually work full time  Part time for economic reasons, usually work part time  Looking for Looking for full-time work part-time work  Total  Full-time schedules1  Alabama ................................... Alaska ....................................... Arizona...................................... Arkansas ................................... California .................................. Colorado.................................... Connecticut ............................... Delaware .................................. District of Columbia.................. Florida.......................................  1,518 195 1,347 883 11,475 1,321 1,389 305 265 4,971  1,481 190 1,315 861 11,233 1,295 1,376 300 262 4,858  37 5 31 22 242 26 12 5 3 114  255 41 271 170 2,305 276 308 45 34 873  205 29 212 136 1,916 203 290 39 28 729  50 11 58 34 389 72 18 5 6 145  115 15 70 68 600 77 52 10 13 283  20 2 20 14 138 20 13 3 3 65  Georgia..................................... Hawaii ....................................... Idaho......................................... Illinois........................................ Indiana...................................... Iowa............................................ Kansas ....................................... Kentucky.................................... Louisiana ................................... Maine .........................................  2,596 430 370 4,675 2,265 1,148 1,014 1,332 1,453 477  2,539 425 360 4,612 2,231 1,132 996 1,299 1,426 467  56 5 10 62 34 17 18 33 28 11  422 81 94 981 480 300 219 302 296 113  364 70 76 834 403 256 192 241 224 100  59 11 19 147 76 44 27 61 71 13  144 10 19 295 109 46 38 87 128 20  33 3 6 63 27 19 14 21 23 6  Maryland..................................... Massachusetts........................... Michigan ..................................... Minnesota ................................... Mississippi ................................. Missouri ..................................... Montana..................................... Nebraska ................................... Nevada ...................................... New Hampshire........................  2,053 2,470 3,430 1,741 909 2,048 297 634 499 493  2,028 2,441 3,374 1,710 884 2,012 291 623 489 485  26 29 56 31 24 35 6 11 10 8  377 583 837 501 167 423 84 153 73 97  344 535 705 418 121 356 64 130 61 90  33 48 132 83 46 67 20 23 12 7  71 97 246 74 75 111 18 19 26 16  23 30 80 28 16 32 6 6 4 5  New Jersey ............................... New Mexico .............................. New York................................... North Carolina .......................... North Dakota ............................ Ohio............................................ Oklahoma.................................. Oregon...................................... Pennsylvania.............................. Rhode Island.............................  3,255 516 6,962 2,805 246 4,142 1,193 1,139 4,565 402  3,219 503 6,888 2,747 241 4,080 1,170 1,114 4,499 397  36 13 74 58 5 62 23 26 65 4  571 135 1,276 467 71 976 245 251 1,028 102  529 108 1,131 405 58 834 189 206 888 94  42 27 145 62 13 143 56 45 140 9  137 37 370 94 10 237 69 67 211 15  26 9 73 25 4 63 16 17 53 6  South Carolina........................... South Dakota............................ Tennessee .................................. Texas ................................. Utah ......................................... Vermont..................................... Virginia ....................................... Washington ............................... West Virginia............................. Wisconsin .................................. Wyoming...............................  1,375 272 1,905 6,616 589 242 2,570 1,872 576 1,966 179  1,348 268 1,858 6,473 579 239 2,534 1,832 565 1,934 175  27 4 47 143 11 3 36 40 11 32 4  240 74 343 1,244 163 54 453 428 125 532 45  198 62 288 939 144 50 386 354 88 458 33  42 12 55 304 18 5 67 74 37 74 11  67 11 99 443 26 9 92 118 56 82 12  13 4 22 124 10 2 30 33 10 32 3  Alabama .................................... Alaska........................................ Arizona....................................... Arkansas .................................... California .................................. Colorado.................................... Connecticut........................... Delaware ................................... District of Columbia.................. Florida........................................  905 113 799 516 6,916 758 835 170 137 2,852  886 110 780 506 6,764 743 829 169 135 2,788  19 3 19 10 152 15 7 2 2 63  88 14 96 56 811 89 79 13 13 311  70 8 73 45 647 58 74 11 10 248  18 6 23 11 164 30 6 2 3 63  57 9 (2) 36 352 40 34  Georgia ...................................... Hawaii .................................. Idaho .......................................... Illinois......................................... Indiana .......................................  1,496 236 230 2,807 1,339  1,465 234 225 2,769 1,319  31 3 5 38 20  137 27 29 306 153  113 2222 242 120  24 5 7 63 33  Total  Voluntary1  TOTAL  Men  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  49  (2)  7 146 65 (2) 11 177 61  7 (2)  6 59 8  (2) 24 16  (2)  3 25 9  Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Unemployed  Employed Full time Population group and State Total  Full-time schedules1  Part time Part time for economic reasons, usually work full time  Total  Part time for economic reasons, usually work part time  Voluntary1  Looking for Looking for full-time work part-time work  Men—Continued  Iowa............................................ Kansas ....................................... Kentucky.................................... Louisiana ................................... Maine.........................................  687 602 792 891 288  678 593 773 877 282  9 9 19 15 6  93 75 102 104 30  79 66 76 77 25  14 9 25 27 5  31 23 50 76 12  8 6 10 8 2  Maryland.................................... Massachusetts.......................... Michigan .................................... Minnesota.................................. Mississippi ................................. Missouri ..................................... Montana..................................... Nebraska................................... Nevada ...................................... New Hampshire........................  1,185 1,465 2,127 1,068 527 1,180 180 380 292 303  1,169 1,448 2,096 1,049 515 1,160 177 374 287 297  16 17 32 18 12 19 4 6 5 5  109 143 241 167 64 145 29 41 26 25  99 124 192 136 43 114 20 34 21 22  10 20 48 31 22 31 9 8 5 3  37 63 150 46 36 57 11 i2> i2) «  11 10 32 13 6 12 2 <2) (2i i2)  New Jersey ............................... New Mexico .............................. New York................................... North Carolina .......................... North Dakota ............................ Ohio............................................ Oklahoma.................................. Oregon ....................................... Pennsylvania............................. Rhode Island.............................  1,941 312 4,137 1,611 153 2,498 702 691 2,802 244  1,920 304 4,097 1,580 150 2,460 689 677 2,764 242  21 8 41 30 3 38 12 14 39 2  159 45 370 165 21 294 83 79 286 34  140 33 314 140 17 238 54 62 236 30  19 12 57 25 4 57 29 17 51 4  85 24 228 48 « 142 39 40 133 10  9 5 26 11 (2i 26 7 7 20 2  South Carolina.......................... South Dakota............................ Tennessee ................................. Texas ........................................ Utah ........................................ Vermont..................................... Virginia....................................... Washington ............................... West Virginia............................. Wisconsin .................................. Wyoming....................................  793 166 1,084 3,896 368 145 1,484 1,125 358 1,203 113  778 163 1,063 3,810 362 143 1,466 1,099 352 1,185 110  15 3 21 86 6 2 18 26 7 18 3  86 22 139 487 54 15 140 133 45 151 13  67 17 112 336 46 13 121 104 28 128 9  19 4 27 151 8 2 18 29 17 23 4  36 6 53 247 (2) (J) i2) 67 36 48 7  4 2 8 57 (2i (2i <2) 11 3 13 2  Alabama .................................... Alaska ........................................ Arizona....................................... Arkansas .................................... California ................................... Colorado.................................... Connecticut............................... Delaware ................................... District of Columbia................... Florida........................................  613 82 547 367 4,559 563 554 135 128 2,120  595 80 535 355 4,469 552 548 132 127 2,070  18 2 12 12 90 11 6 3 1 50  167 27 175 113 1,495 187 229 32 21 562  135 21 139 91 1,270 145 216 28 17 481  32 6 36 23 225 42 12 3 4 81  57 <2) i2) 32 248 38 <2) (2) 6 137  13 (2i (2i 8 78 12 (2i (2i 2 42  Georgia ...................................... Hawaii ........................................ Idaho.......................................... Illinois ......................................... Indiana....................................... Iowa........................................... Kansas....................................... Kentucky.................................... Louisiana ................................... Maine .........................................  1,100 193 139 1,868 926 461 412 540 562 190  1,074 191 135 1,843 912 453 403 526 549 185  26 2 5 25 14 8 9 14 13 5  285 54 65 676 327 207 144 200 191 83  250 48 54 591 283 177 127 164 147 75  35 6 12 84 44 31 17 36 44 8  78 i2) 8 119 49 i2) 15 37 52 8  17 (2) 3 38 18 i2) 8 12 15 4  Maryland ................................... Massachusetts.......................... Michigan Minnesota.................................. Mississippi .............................. Missouri................................. Montana..................................... Nebraska.................................. Nevada..................................  868 1,006 1,303 673 382 868 117 254 207  858 994 1,278 660 370 852 114 249 202  10 12 25 12 12 16 3 5 4  267 439 596 333 103 278 55 112 47  244 411 513 282 78 242 44 96 40  23 28 83 51 25 36 11 15 6  i2) 35 95 27 38 54 7 <2) (2>  (2i 19 48 15 10 20 4 i2) i2)  Women  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  50  •  Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Employed  Unemployed  Full time Population group and State Total  Full-time schedules'  Part time Part time for economic reasons, usually work full time  Total  Voluntary1  Part time for economic reasons, usually work part time  Looking for Looking for full-time work part-time work  Women—Continued  New Hampshire.........................  190  187  3  72  68  4  <2)  ft  New Jersey ................................ New Mexico... ........................... New York.................................... North Carolina ........................... North Dakota ............................. Ohio............................................. Oklahoma................................... Oregon ........................................ Pennsylvania.............................. Rhode Island..............................  1,314 204 2,824 1,195 93 1,644 491 449 1,762 158  1,298 199 2,791 1,167 91 1,621 481 437 1,736 156  16 5 33 28 2 24 10 12 26 2  412 90 906 302 50 682 162 172 742 68  388 75 817 265 41 596 135 144 652 63  24 16 89 37 9 86 28 28 89 5  52 i2) 141 46 (2) 95 29 <2> 78 <2)  17 (2) 46 14 (2) 38 9  South Carolina........................... South Dakota............................. Tennessee .................................. Texas .......................................... Utah ........................................... Vermont ..................................... Virginia ........................................ Washington ................................ West Virginia.............................. Wisconsin ................................... Wyoming.....................................  582 106 821 2,719 221 97 1,085 746 217 763 66  570 105 795 2,663 217 95 1,068 732 213 749 65  13 1 26 57 5 2 17 14 4 14 1  154 52 204 756 109 40 313 295 81 381 32  131 45 176 603 98 37 264 250 60 330 25  23 8 28 153 10 3 49 45 21 51 8  31 5 46 197 (2) <2> 48 51 20 34 5  9 2 15 67 (2)  47  44  3  6  30 25 301 33 30  28 24 287 30 29 10  4 146  4 139  ft 7  48 6 52 30 376 50 46 9 5 154  6 1 9 5 52 8 4 1 1 20  ft ft (2>  10  3 1 14 3 1 <3)  53 7 60 35 428 58 50 9 5 174  ft  6  33  ft ft ft25  83 9 13  79 9  4  120  116 73 25 27 29 32  84 14 20 245 114 60 50 62 60 20  75 12 16 217 94 53 46 53 51 18  9 2 4 27 20 7 4 8 9 2  o ft ft 35 ft ft ft ft ft ft  ft ft ft 29 ft ft ft (2> ft ft  80 108 201 103 30 92 15 35 13 22  74 101 181 87 24 79 12 31 12 20  5 7 21 16 6 12 3 4 2 1  (2> 11 25  ft 12 36 <2)  <2> ft ft «  ft ft ft ft  112 23 262 114 14 230 51 51 198 21  104 18 243 103 13 205 42 43 178 19  7 5 19 11 2 24 9 8 19 2  15 ft 40 12 ft 28 ft ft 25 «  8 ft 30 12 ft 33 ft <2) 21  55  49  6  (*)  33 (2)  ft20 22 7 19 2  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  Alabama ................ Alaska.................... Arizona................ ... Arkansas............. . California ............... . Colorado................ , Connecticut............ Delaware ................ District of Columbia Florida ..................... Georgia Hawaii ..... Idaho....... Illinois...... Indiana .... Iowa......... Kansas .... Kentucky .. Louisiana . Maine......  76 27 29 32 35 12  12  44 69 103 44 24 50 7 15 18  41 97 42 23 48 7 15 17  12  11  New Jersey .... New Mexico .... New York........ North Carolina North Dakota .. Ohio.................. Oklahoma........ Oregon............. Pennsylvania .... Rhode Island ....  74 13 155 81  151 78  South Carolina .  6  102  14 36  ft  12  Maryland............ Massachusetts ... Michigan ............ Minnesota.......... Mississippi ......... Missouri ............. Montana............. Nebraska........... Nevada .............. New Hampshire .  124 36 33  <3>  1 4 3 2 2 3 4 1 3 2 6 2 1 2  66  ft ft 1 1  70  4 1 4 4  12  6 120  33 31 99 14  ft 3 3 2 3 ft 1  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  51  ft  ft ft 60 ft  ft ft  r  ft ft ft  ft  ft 58 ft  ft ft  ft ft  Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Unemployed  Employed Part time  Full time Population group and State Total  Full-time schedules1  Part time for economic reasons, usually work full time  Total  Voluntary1  Part time for economic reasons, usually work part time  Looking for Looking for full-time work part-time work  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years—Continued  <3>  16 78 264 41 11 97 84 22 124 10  15 66 223 36 10 87 73 17 112 8  2 11 41 5 1 10 10 5 12 2  26 4 30 17 221 25 11 3 1 86  196 30 254 146 1,969 262 290 38 13 722  169 23 199 123 1,653 195 275 34 11 622  27 7 55 22 316 67 15 4 2 100  1,806 123 355 3,951 2,046 1,103 922 1,230 1,100 462  29 2 9 54 30 16 17 31 19 10  282 28 92 864 457 289 204 283 218 112  257 23 74 752 390 247 179 225 177 99  25 5 18 112 67 42 25 58 41 13  1,500 2,324 3,022 1,693 658 1,816 285 608 443 484  1,485 2,297 2,973 1,662 646 1,782 278 597 434 476  15 28 49 30 12 34 6 11 9 8  302 560 748 488 107 382 80 149 66 96  282 515 640 408 90 330 61 127 56 89  New Jersey............................... New Mexico .............................. New York................................... North Carolina .......................... North Dakota ............................ Ohio............................................ Oklahoma.................................. Oregon ....................................... Pennsylvania............................. Rhode Island.............................  2,745 470 5,760 2,217 239 3,738 1,069 1,092 4,144 381  2,717 458 5,696 2,176 234 3,683 1,049 1,068 4,086 376  28 12 64 42 5 55 20 24 59 4  507 125 1,130 371 69 898 206 240 962 96  South Carolina.......................... South Dakota............................ Tennessee ................................ Texas ......................................... Utah .......................................... Vermont .................................... Virginia....................................... Washington ........................... West Virginia............................. Wisconsin .................................. Wyoming....................................  1,013 259 1,620 5,751 572 241 2,053 1,751 553 1,896 176  998 255 1,581 5,629 561 238 2,032 1,714 542 1,866 172  15 4 39 122 11 3 21 37 11 29 4  172 69 275 1,072 160 54 367 403 120 510 44  8 53 171 26 6 59 55 15 45 6  8 51 162 24 6 57 52 15 43 5  Alabama .................................... Alaska........................................ Arizona....................................... Arkansas .................................... California ................................... Colorado.................................... Connecticut ............................... Delaware ................................... District of Columbia................... Florida........................................  1,230 166 1,271 775 9,661 1,228 1,274 253 103 4,212  1,204 162 1,241 758 9,440 1,203 1,263 250 101 4,126  Georgia...................................... Hawaii ....................................... Idaho.......................................... Illinois......................................... Indiana....................................... Iowa............................................ Kansas ....................................... Kentucky.................................... Louisiana ................................... Maine.........................................  1,835 125 364 4,005 2,075 1,119 939 1,261 1,118 472  Maryland.................................... Massachusetts.......................... Michigan .................................... Minnesota.................................. Mississippi ................................. Missouri ..................................... Montana..................................... Nebraska................................... Nevada...................................... New Hampshire.........................  South Dakota............................ Tennessee ................................. Texas ......................................... Utah ........................................... Vermont..................................... Virginia....................................... Washington ............................... West Virginia............................. Wisconsin.................................. Wyoming....................................  2 10 1 (3>  2 3 1 1 p)  <2>  A  0  (2)  47  62  (2)  a  (2>  A  <!> <2>  <2)  (:)  <2)  (2)  (2i  A  <*)  <2)  White  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  52  69 9 63 45 471 66 42 7 <*>• 189 66 i2)  14 2 19 10 111 19 9 2 i2)  45 14 (2)  18 175 91 42 30 77 59 19  5 44 18 17 12 18 12 6  20 45 108 81 18 52 19 21 10 7  36 87 171 65 27 82 15 17 22 14  15 27 61 24 5 27 5 6 3 5  474 99 1,011 332 57 775 163 198 837 88  34 26 118 39 12 123 43 42 124 8  97 30 253 58 8 174 49 63 174 14  22 8 55 16 4 50 13 15 46 6  151 59 241 832 142 49 328 336 84 443 33  22 10 33 240 18 4 40 66 36 67 11  34 7 70 342 25 9 48 99 53 67 11  8 3 19 94 10 2 16 30 9 27 3  Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Employed  Unemployed  Full time Population group and State Total  Full-time schedules1  Part time Part time for economic reasons, usually work full time  Total  Voluntary1  Part time for economic reasons, usually work part time  Looking for Looking for full-time work part-time work  Black  Florida.......................................  282 6 92 716 58 94 49 156 666  154 641  Illinois......................................... Indiana ....................................... Kansas ....................................... Kentucky.................................... Louisiana ...................................  730 554 175 55 65 324  702 545 171 54 63 316  8 3 1 2 8  99 21 9 17 73  66 12 8 14 44  Maryland.................................... Massachusetts.......................... Michigan .................................... Mississippi ................................. Missouri ..................................... Nebraska .................................... Nevada ......................................  507 86 354 247 205 19 35  496 85 347 235 204 19 34  11 1 6 12 1 i3) 1  65 12 74 58 32 2 3  54 10 53 30 18 1  New Jersey ............................... New York................................... North Carolina ........................... Ohio............................................ Oklahoma.................................. Pennsylvania............................. Rhode Island.............................  382 895 542 375 49 357 15  375 886 527 369 48 351 15  7 8 15 7 1 6 i3)  South Carolina........................... Tennessee .............................. Texas ......................................... Virginia ....................................... West Virginia.............................. Wisconsin ..............................  354 275 744 438 20 48  342 267 726 424 19 46  Arizona................................... California ................................... Colorado.................................... Connecticut .............................. District of Columbia................... Florida..................................... Idaho.......................................... Illinois......................................... Kansas ....................................... Massachusetts........................... Michigan .................................... Nevada .......................................  238 2,690 125 75 14 657 24 366 22 64 44 44  226 2,582 123 75 13 639 23 359 22 63 43 43  New Jersey ............................... New Mexico ............................... New York................................... North Carolina .......................... Ohio............................................ Pennsylvania............................. Texas ......................................... Utah ........................................... Wyoming.....................................  256 171 692 24 41 65 1.408 23 9  252 165 682 24 41 64 1,359 23 9  Alaska .......................................  271 6  58 1  (3>  6 t3)  1  10 93  <2) 10 r)  12  r) 26  133  93  40  88  19  33 9 2 3 29  76 118 i2) (2) R 69  19 18 <2) (2) (2) 11  2  28 14 2 1  (2) <2> 69 47 (2) (2) i2)  (2) (*) 17 11 (2) (2) (2>  47 116 90 72 17 59 3  41 92 68 53 10 44 3  7 24 22 19 7 15 <3)  37 105 34 61 (2) 34 <2>  3 17 8 13 (2) 7 <2)  12 8 18 14 (3> 1  64 64 146 74 5 17  44 43 86 48 4 12  20  5  33 o 94 <2) (2) <2>  5 « 27 (2) (2) <2>  12 108 2  34 282 16 4 2 67 2 23 2 7 6 3  17 136 8 1 1 20 1 7 1 1 2 1  (2) 221 (2) (2) (2) 52 (2) fi (2) (2) (2) <2)  (2) 34 (2)  R 18 2 7 1 1 1 1  52 418 24 5 3 87 3 30 3 8 8 3  4 6 10 i3) <3> 1 49 (3i i3)  27 42 80 3 10 9 272 4 2  25 30 68 3 7 8 161 3 2  3 13 12 1 2 1 112 1 1  16 <2) 59  12 1 21  22  60 26 1  Hispanic origin  1  1 Employed persons with a job but not at work are distributed accord­ ing to whether they usually work full or part time. 2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  (2)  (2) (2) 147 (2) <2)  (2)  (2) 7 (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) 2 (2) 8 (2) (2) (2) 44 (2) (2>  3 Less than 500 persons. NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the ‘‘other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  53  Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands)  Employment status and State  Total  Operators, fabricato s, and laborers  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Managerial and professional specialty  Techni­ Executive, 3rofession- cians and administra­ al spe­ related tive, and cialty managerial support  Sales  Administra­ tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Service occupa­ tions  Precision Farming, Handlers, production, Machine Transpor­ equipment forestry, craft, and operators, tation and cleaners, and fishing repair assem­ material helpers, blers, and moving and labor­ inspectors ers  CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE  404 55 56 659 353 165 140 230 229 79  279 12 35 442 313 111 80 144 80 48  139 20 28 246 152 62 54 107 91 28  158 20 23 294 150 72 51 86 89 31  68 22 40 122 102 146 74 83 71 22  329 391 627 305 142 358 68 115 139 64  291 333 555 240 153 287 42 87 75 92  90 182 489 151 113 197 15 42 (2> 48  102 101 206 96 75 103 19 35 28 19  89 94 183 100 67 147 17 39 26 24  49 39 111 134 48 95 40 68 (2) 0  680 96 1,460 453 45 812 228 217 960 82  475 110 1,245 398 52 722 230 189 792 69  424 88 907 462 30 638 191 166 755 72  243 30 504 431 11 523 98 101 473 53  160 34 347 156 15 247 62 69 248 18  159 29 326 177 12 270 64 73 326  37 33 113 102 42 114 58 69 90 (2)  197 40 257 1,065 94 36 373 298 90 283 25  225 45 331 1,337 130 42 469 375 103 380 31  203 56 296 1,164 105 37 386 334 112 365 39  241 34 319 958 80 43 389 297 119 308 30  213 16 328 485 51 23 184 127 54 243 8  78 16 117 355 34 13 128 91 57 113 18  82 14 122 402 32 10 126 111 55 124 13  45 51 66 231 (2) 11 70 82 (2) 124 14  10 57 26 435 62 49 16 13 179  199 25 221 124 1,637 198 194 40 18 817  248 38 246 141 2,220 260 288 65 61 936  223 33 231 131 1,723 218 194 43 53 831  237 28 188 135 1,555 181 233 40 17 718  175 <2> 68 111 852 68 124 24 (2> 254  107 9 61 58 433 62 41 12 11 237  95 10 60 63 464 62 47 14 10 216  83 11 14 136 72  372 72 54 691 347  441 73 61 996 403  395 84 64 727 378  389 54 53 623 337  254 12 31 407 290  132 20 26 230 140  142 18 22 261 137  249 37 243 145 1,838 238 201 45 57 903  250 30 199 143 1,631 192 241 42 18 756  342 70 56 773 290 185 166 188 231 73  86 12 15 141 74 39 42 48 52 16  391 74 55 727 359 156 147 215 260 71  461 75 63 1,040 415 208 197 216 273 87  423 86 68 792 399 222 178 239 283 85  374 461 481 233 103 296 43 87 79 83  383 537 556 334 124 303 51 91 53 80  109 112 126 78 36 80 8 21 <2) 22  269 387 552 277 137 308 44 93 69 80  425 531 662 383 145 423 55 132 93 86  3,978 692 8,628 3,382 329 5,384 1,514 1,470 5,834 524  594 77 1,210 348 31 588 194 183 619 61  599 86 1,274 377 44 679 170 189 731 69  125 <2i 253 97 (2> 157 42 <2> 196 16  482 85 987 379 38 631 177 179 642 63  1,683 359 2,356 8,358 785 306 3,133 2,438 760 2,597 237  158 35 241 1,062 104 38 446 298 60 261 25  195 43 205 1,033 105 44 446 341 74 317 29  44 8 73 261 31 10 117 83 20 78 6  1,773 236 1,617 1,053 13,780 1,597 1,697 349 299  185 34 230 97 2,036 232 237 47 50 805  193 38 207 103 1,986 217 276 42 60 692  (2>  3,018 511 464 5,656 2,744  409 76 47 707 258  337 69 55 760 286  Florida...............................................  Maine ................................................  3,175 523 487 5,962 2,869 1,505 1,281 1,724 1,875 614  423 77 48 725 262 139 150 168 215 73  New Hampshire...............................  2,510 3,168 4,549 2,332 1,145 2,596 403 811 600 609  Pennsylvania.................................... Rhode Island....................................  Washington ...................................... West Virginia.................................... Wisconsin ......................................... Wyoming...........................................  110 13 66 73 528 70 52 15 11 238  258 39 258 147 2,313 273 297 67 63 980  197 38 210 106 2,022 222 280 43 62 709  Utah...................................................  113 10 66 63 463 66 43 13 11 253  211 26 231 131 1,699 208 199 41 20 859  192 35 237 100 2,084 238 244 48 50 829  South Dakota...................................  75 122 923 72 130 25 <2> 277  10 58 27 448 64 50 16 14 185  1,889 252 1,697 1,123 14,436 1,685 1,753 361 314 6,159  <2>  192 r  68 (2> 54 66 483 41 <2) 8 (2) 170  EMPLOYED  Arizona.............................................  Indiana ............................................. See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  54  64 <2> 48 63 438 36 <2> 7 (2) 159 64 21 38 116 97  Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Managerial and professional specialty Employment status and State  Total  Executive, administra Profession al spe­ tive, and cialty manageria  Technical, sales, and administrative support Techni­ cians and related support  Sales  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Administra tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Service occupa­ tions  Precision production craft, and repair  Handlers, Farming, Machine Transpor­ equipment forestry, operators tation and cleaners, and fishing assem­ helpers, material blers, and moving and labor­ inspectors ers  EMPLOYED—Continued  Iowa.................................................. Kansas ............................................. Kentucky.......................................... Louisiana ......................................... Maine ...............................................  1,448 1,233 1,634 1,749 590  138 147 164 210 72  183 163 187 229 72  39 41 47 51 16  149 141 203 246 69  202 188 209 256 86  210 170 222 263 79  157 135 215 205 76  102 76 131 70 45  60 51 101 83 26  65 47 75 73 28  143 72 79 63 20  Maryland.......................................... Massachusetts................................ Michigan .......................................... Minnesota........................................ Mississippi ....................................... Missouri............................................. Montana............................................ Nebraska.......................................... Nevada ............................................. New Hampshire...............................  2,430 3,053 4,267 2,241 1,076 2,471 381 787 572 589  368 451 472 228 101 291 42 85 76 81  379 528 546 331 123 298 51 90 52 79  108 110 122 76 35 78 8 21  259 375 525 267 131 294 42 90 67 77  418 514 632 368 139 406 51 129 90 84  310 375 576 29 2 129 334 64 111 131 62  279 312 516 226 143 271 39 85 70 88  87 172 433 139 102 184 13 40  76 86 158 93 57 126 15 36 23 22  47 36 100 130 45 90 38 67 <*)  46  99 95 188 89 71 100 17 34 26 19  New Jersey ...................................... New Mexico ..................................... New York................................. ........ North Carolina.................................. North Dakota.................................... Ohio................................................... Oklahoma ......................................... Oregon.............................................. Pennsylvania .................................... Rhode Island....................................  3,826 651 8,238 3,272 317 5,118 1,438 1,391 5,592 504  583 75 1,184 343 31 576 190 177 608 60  589 85 1,250 374 43 666 167 185 723 68  193 15  465 80 948 367 37 601 172 172 617 60  654 92 1,396 442 43 784 219 209 931 79  451 100 1,178 380 50 671 210 172 751 66  405 82 851 448 28 602 181 157 720 68  225 27 469 408 10 484 88 92 438 49  152 31 327 153 15 233 56 64 232 17  146 25 285 164 10 242 59 63 295 16  35 31 103 98 41 107 55 64 84 (2)  South Carolina................................. South Dakota................................... Tennessee ........................................ Texas ................................................ Utah................................................... Vermont ............................................ Virginia .............................................. Washington ...................................... West Virginia .................................... Wisconsin ....................................... Wyoming...........................................  1,615 346 2,247 7,859 752 296 3,023 2,300 701 2,497 224  156 34 236 1,031 103 37 437 287 59 256 25  191 43 200 1,015 103 43 439 331 73 313 28  44 8 71 253 31 10 116 80 19 77 5  189 39 246 990 90 34 . 353 282 84 275 23  221 44 322 1,266 126 41 455 358 97 367 30  193 52 277 1,062 98 35 364 306 102 349 36  232 32 303 896 76 42 376 281 108 293 28  198 15 304 450 48 22 174 116 48 225 7  76 15 112 328 32 12 123 87 53 107 17  73 13 112 357 30 9 117 101 45 114 11  43 50 63 210 (2) 11 69 70  Alabama............................................ Alaska............................................... Arizona.............................................. Arkansas ........................................... California........................................... Colorado........................................... Connecticut...................................... Delaware........................................... District of Columbia......................... Florida ...............................................  116 16 79 71 656 88 56 12 15 314  7 1 7 3 48 7 7 1 1 24  3 1 3 3 35 5 3 1 1 17  12 1 10 7 62 9 4 1 2 42  10 2 12 6 92 12 10 2 3 44  26 4 12 14 115 20 7 2 4 72  13 3 11 8 76 11 8 1 1 38  16  7 1 5 4 29 4 2 1  15 2 6 10 65 8 5 1 1 21  Georgia............................................. Hawaii ............................................... Idaho ................................................. Illinois ................................................ Indiana .............................................. Iowa................................................... Kansas .............................................. Kentucky........................................... Louisiana .......................................... Maine ................................................  157 12 23 306 125 57 48 90 126 23  14 1 1 18 4 1 3 4 6 1  6 1 1 13 5 2 3 1 3  18 1 2 35 12 7 5 11 13 2  20 1 2 43 12 6 9 8 17 2  28 2 4 65 21 12 7 17 20 6  Maryland........................................... Massachusetts................................. Michigan ........................................... Minnesota......................................... Mississippi ........................................ Missouri............................................. Montana............................................ Nebraska .......................................... Nevada .............................................  80 115 282 90 69 125 22 24 29  6 10 9 5 1 5 1 2 3  10 12 27 10 6 14 2 4 3  7 17 30 14 6 17 3 2 3  19 16 51 13 13 24 5 5 7  n21 121 (z> 247 95 e>  154 41 o  (2»  t2>  n121 14  UNEMPLOYED  0  <z) e>  1 1 13 2 1 P)  1 5 3 1 1 5 2 p) p) i3)  1 <3>  4 10 10 3 1 6 1 1 1  1 2 5 2 1 2 <3>  <3) p)  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  55  a  7 11 71 4 6 1 <2)  p)  22  16  15 1 3 36 17 8 5 15 24 3  25 1 3 35 22 9 5 12 9 3  7 1 2 15 11 1 3 6 8 2  11 21 39 13 10 16 3 2 5  4 10 56 11 11 13 1 2  3 6 19 7 5 3 2 1 2  <2)  5 p)  6 3 45 5 (2i  (2) 11  15  4  2 33 13 7 4 11 17 3  2 6 5 2 2 9 2  9 25 11 20 1  <z)  3  Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Managerial and professional specialty Total  Employment status and State  Executive,  3rofessional spe­ tive, and cialty managerial  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Technical, sales, and administrative support Technirelated support  Sales  4dministrative support, in­ cluding clerical  occupa­ tions  Precision Handlers, Farming, production, Machine T ranspor- equipment forestry, craft, and operators, tation and cleaners, and fishing repair material helpers, biers, and and labor­ moving inspectors ers  UNEMPLOYED—Continued  New Jersey .................................  Oregon........................................ ....  Utah.............................................  West Virginia..............................  ..  (3i  1  <2>  1  2  2  3  4  2  4  17 5 39 12 1 31 6 7 25 2  26 4 64 11 2 28 8 8 29 3  24 10 67 19 2 51 20 17 41 3  19 5 56 13 1 37 10 9 35 3  19 3 35 23 1 39 10 9 35 3  8 3 20 3 1 15 5 5 16 1  13  2  41 13 2 28 5 9 31 2  9 4 1 7 3 5 6  8 1 11 75 4 1 20 16 6 8 1  4 1 9 70 4 1 14 16 6 13 2  10 4 19 102 7 2 22 27 10 16 4  9 2 16 63 4  15 1 24 35 3  2 1 5 27 2  10 1 9 44 3  2 1 3 21  (2> 3.2 1.4 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.1 1.1 4.6 3.0  5.9 4.3 4.5 5.6 3.6 4.4 2.1 3.3 9.2 4.9  4.0 4.7 4.6 4.0 4.0 4.6 3.3 2.5 4.5 4.5  10.3 10.4 5.0 9.6 6.3 8.5 3.5 5.1 6.5 7.9  5.2 8.3 5.5 5.6 4.6 6.0 3.4 3.6 6.4 5.0  1.6 1.1 2.2 1.7 1.7 1.2 1.6 .7 1.1 .6  3.8 4.4 4.8 3.4 2.6 .3 1.0 1.0 2.0 1.1  4.7 2.0 2.9 4.9 3.4 4.4 3.7 5.3 5.1 2.4  4.4 1.9 3.5 4.2 2.9 3.0 4.6 3.6 6.1 2.1  6.7 2.4 6.6 8.1 5.3 5.2 4.2 7.1 7.0 6.9  1.7 2.1 1.9 2.3 1.2 1.8 1.6 2.1 3.3 2.9  1.0 1.8 1.8 .9 1.0 1.9 1.8 .9 2.6 .9  1.0 2.2 3.9 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.3 <2> 3.5  3.8 3.0 4.8 3.5 4.5 4.5 5.4 3.9 3.6 2.9  1.7 3.2 4.5 3.7 4.4 4.0 5.9 1.7 3.6 2.3  3.8 5.9 4.5 3.2 3.8 4.9 5.0 5.4 4.1 3.8  1.8 2.8 2.2 1.6 1.2 2.1 1.9 2.9 1.8 1.1  1.7 1.4 1.8 1.0 2.5 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.1 1.6  3.1 2.4 1.8 <2) 2.1 2.3 (2> 1.4 1.6  3.6 5.7 4.0 3.2 2.5 4.9 3.2 3.9 3.9 3.9  4.0  1.8  1.9  .6  3.8  19  2  1  152 41 389 109 13 265 76 79 241 20  10 2 26 5  10 1 23 4 1 13 3 3 8 1  68 13 109 499 32 10 111 138 59 100 14  3 1 6 31 2 1 9 10 1 5 1  6.1 6.5 4.7 6.3 4.5 5.2 3.2 3.3 4.7 5.1  3.8 3.7 2.8 3.2 2.3 2.8 2.9 1.7 1.7 2.9  1.7 2.3 1.2 2.7 1.7 2.2 1.1 1.4 2.4 2.4  4.9 2.3 4.8 5.1 4.3 3.8 3.7 5.2 6.7 3.8  3.3 1.1 2.3 2.4 1.5 1.0 2.2 2.3 2.6 1.0  3.2 3.6 6.2 3.9 6.1 4.8 5.4 2.9 4.8 3.2  13 4 5 11 1  4 0  5 19 2 1 7 10 1 4 1  (2>  6 2 (2>  3 1 (2) 3 o i3) i3>  2 8 1 <3)  1 3 1 1  <2) ( )  9 12 6 18  5 3 4 6 1  9 10 10 10 2  8.5  8.1  6.1 11.3 7.0 7.1 6.4 5.6 5.3 5.7 4.2 6.3  13.7 17.0 9.1 13.0 12.2 11.9 10.1 6.1 12.3 9.0  3.7 2.4 4.9 5.5 4.7 5.0 3.8 6.4 10.6 3.9  9.1 4.8 9.5 7.8 7.2 8.2 5.7 8.7 11.9 7.1  5.0 4.1 7.6 6.2 7.6 2.3 5.4 5.2 8.7 5.9  9.7 6.6 7.6 11.3 8.5 9.4 7.9 13.3 18.7 9.1  5.3 3.1 4.6 5.1 5.0 1.6 2.9 4.6 11.9 7.6  5.7 4.0 8.1 4.2 9.2 6.7 7.0 4.2 5.4 4.1  3.9 6.2 7.0 5.6 6.7 5.7 6.4 2.6 6.2 4.4  4.0 5.3 11.5 7.6 10.0 6.8 9.7 4.1 4.9  3.3 5.5 9.0 7.2 6.0 3.0 10.7 3.6 5.8 1.4  15.1 9.4 13.5 7.3 15.8 13.8 9.8 7.8 12.4 6.1  2.2 7.7 10.5 3.1 6.3 5.1 4.4 2.1 <2) <2>  3.8 4.0 4.4 2.4 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.1 3.6  5.0 9.2 5.4 4.7 4.0 7.0 8.8 9.1 5.2 3.8  4.4 6.3 6.2 2.9 4.9 5.7 5.3 5.2 4.6 4.7  7.7 9.5 7.0 5.3 6.0 7.5 10.0 8.9 7.3 6.4  4.9 9.0 5.6 1.9 6.0 5.9 8.8 7.2 6.3 5.3  8.4 13.6 12.7 7.4 14.4 10.4 8.2 12.7 9.5 9.6  5.6 6.1 8.3 3.6 2.9 6.2 5.2 7.5 6.7 (2>  1.8  5.1  3.9  7.2  2.3  11.6  3.9  13 16 11 15 2  o  1 12 i2)  (3)  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE  New Jersey .............................. New York..................................  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  56  (2i  9.1 9.2 7.7 5.2 4.6 4.4 o  (2i  6.7  o11.6 4.9 9.3 11.8 (2) 6.6 (2) 6.5  Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Managerial and professional specialty Employment status and State  Total  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, Techni­ administra­ Profession­ cians and al spe­ tive, and related cialty managerial support  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Administra­ tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Sales  Service occupa­ tions  Precision Handlers, I Farming, production, Machine Transpor­ equipment orestry, craft, and operators, tation and cleaners, and fishing repair assem­ material helpers, blers, and moving and labor­ inspectors ers  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE—Continued  South Dakota Tennessee .... Texas ........... Utah.............. Vermont....... Virginia ......... Washington .. West Virginia Wisconsin ..... Wyoming.......  3.6 4.6 6.0 4.1 3.4 3.5 5.7 7.8 3.8 5.8  1.9 2.4 2.9 1.6 2.1 2.0 3.5 2.2 2.0 2.2  1.0 2.7 1.8 1.7 2.7 1.5 3.0 1.8 1.3 2.7  1.2 2.5 3.0 1.7 .2 1.1 3.3 4.5 1.2 4.3  2.1 4.1 7.0 4.3 2.9 5.3 5.3 6.3 2.8 5.1  2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  57  2.4 2.7 5.3 3.1 2.5 2.9 4.4 5.5 3.5 5.2  6.8 6.3 8.8 7.0 5.6 5.7 8.2 8.8 4.4 9.2  5.1 5.0 6.5 4.9 3.3 3.4 5.3 9.2 4.9 5.4  7.1 7.2 7.2 5.0 4.5 5.0 9.1 11.0  7.2 5.8  6.0  3.9 7.6 6.7 4.8 3.9 3.4 7.3 5.5 6.1  9.3 7.8 11.0  8.3 9.4 7.5 9.4 18.6 8.0  14.6  1.5 5.0 9.3 (2)  1.8 1.8  15.0 (2)  2.9 3.5  3 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent. NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of rounding.  Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages Total employed  Population group and State  Managerial and professional specialty  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Technical, sales, and administrative support Service occupa­ tions  Handlers, Farming, produc­ forestry, equip­ tion, Machine and fish­ Transpor­ ment craft, and operators, ing tation and cleaners, repair assem­ material helpers, blers, and moving and labor­ nspectors ers  Sales  Adminis­ trative support, including clerical  2.7 4.2 3.5 2.5 3.2 3.9 2.9 4.5 4.4 3.1  11.2 10.5 13.7 11.8 11.9 12.4 11.5 11.4 6.0 14.0  14.0 15.9 15.2 13.4 16.1 16.3 16.9 18.6 20.2 16.0  12.6 14.2 14.3 12.5 12.5 13.7 11.4 12.3 17.8 14.2  13.4 11.8 11.6 12.8 11.3 11.3 13.7 11.5 5.6 12.3  9.9 2.4 4.2 10.5 6.2 4.3 7.3 6.7 1.6 4.4  6.0 3.9 3.8 5.5 3.1 3.9 2.4 3.5 3.5 4.0  5.3 4.4 3.7 6.0 3.4 3.9 2.7 4.0 3.3 3.7  3.6 2.6 2.9 6.0 3.2 2.3 .8 2.0 .7 2.7  11.2 13.5 11.9 13.4 10.4 12.6 13.2 11.5 13.1 12.3  2.7 2.2 3.0 2.4 2.6 2.7 3.4 2.9 2.9 2.7  12.3 14.2 11.6 12.2 12.6 10.3 11.5 12.4 14.1 11.8  14.6 14.3 13.2 17.6 14.7 13.9 15.3 12.8 14.6 14.5  13.1 16.5 13.7 12.9 13.8 14.5 13.8 13.6 15.1 13.5  12.9 10.5 11.5 11.0 12.3 10.9 11.0 13.2 11.7 12.9  8.4 2.3 6.8 7.2 10.6 7.0 6.1 8.0 4.0 7.6  4.4 3.8 5.5 4.1 5.1 4.2 4.2 6.2 4.8 4.5  4.7 3.6 4.7 4.6 5.0 4.5 3.8 4.6 4.1 4.7  2.1 4.1 8.2 2.0 3.5 9.9 5.9 4.8 3.6 3.4  15.1 14.8 11.1 10.2 9.4 11.8 11.1 10.8 13.3 13.7  15.6 17.3 12.8 14.8 11.5 12.1 13.3 11.4 9.1 13.5  4.4 3.6 2.8 3.4 3.3 3.2 2.2 2.6 2.4 3.6  10.7 12.3 12.3 11.9 12.2 11.9 11.0 11.4 11.7 13.1  17.2 16.8 14.8 16.4 12.9 16.4 13.5 16.4 15.7 14.2  12.8 12.3 13.5 13.0 12.0 13.5 16.7 14.1 23.0 10.5  11.5 10.2 12.1 10.1 13.3 11.0 10.3 10.8 12.2 14.8  3.6 5.6 10.1 6.2 9.5 7.4 3.5 5.1 2.8 7.8  4.1 3.1 4.4 4.0 6.6 4.0 4.5 4.3 4.6 3.2  3.1 2.8 3.7 4.1 5.3 5.1 4.0 4.5 4.0 3.8  2.0 1.2 2.3 5.8 4.2 3.6 10.0 8.5 1.1 1.8  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  15.2 11.5 14.4 10.5 9.7 11.2 13.2 12.8 10.9 11.9  15.4 13.0 15.2 11.4 13.6 13.0 11.6 13.3 12.9 13.4  3.2 3.6 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.5 3.5 3.0  12.1 12.3 11.5 11.2 11.7 11.7 12.0 12.4 11.0 11.9  17.1 14.1 16.9 13.5 13.6 15.3 15.3 15.0 16.6 15.7  11.8 15.3 14.3 11.6 15.7 13.1 14.6 12.4 13.4 13.1  10.6 12.6 10.3 13.7 9.0 11.8 12.6 11.3 12.9 13.6  5.9 4.2 5.7 12.5 3.2 9.5 6.1 6.6 7.8 9.8  4.0 4.8 4.0 4.7 4.6 4.5 3.9 4.6 4.1 3.4  3.8 3.8 3.5 b.U 3.3 4.7 4.1 4.6 5.3 3.1  .9 4.8 1.3 3.0 12.9 2.1 3.8 4.6 1.5  1,615 346 2,247 7,859 752 296 3,023 2,300 701 2,497 224  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  9.6 9.8 10.5 13.1 13.7 12.5 14.5 12.5 8.4 10.2 11.1  11.8 12.4 8.9 12.9 13.7 14.6 14.5 14.4 10.4 12.5 12.5  2.7 2.4 3.2 3.2 4.1 3.3 3.8 3.5 2.8 3.1 2.4  11.7 11.3 11.0 12.6 11.9 11.7 11.7 12.2 12.0 11.0 10.5  13.7 12.8 14.3 16.1 16.8 13.9 15.1 15.6 13.8 14.7 13.3  11.9 15.1 12.3 13.5 13.0 12.0 12.0 13.3 14.5 14.0 15.9  14.3 9.4 13.5 11.4 10.2 14.0 12.4 12.2 15.4 11.7 12.5  12.2 4.3 13.5 5.7 6.4 7.3 5.8 5.0 6.8 9.0 3.2  4.7 4.3 5.0 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.8 7.6 4.3 7.7  4.5 3.8 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.0 3.9 4.4 6.4 4.6 4.8  2.7 14.5 2.8 2.7 2.2 3.7 2.3 3.0 2.0 4.8 6.1  993 127 895 572 7,727 847 914 183 150 3,163  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  11.6 14.2 15.3 10.2 15.0 15.0 15.7 14.7 15.9 15.2  8.9 14.5 12.3 8.5 14.0 13.1 15.0 11.3 21.5 11.1  2.4 5.2 3.6 2.1 3.2 4.1 2.5 4.2 4.7 2.9  9.1 8.8 12.6 11.4 11.2 11.9 11.3 9.4 5.1 12.8  4.6 5.3 4.9 4.2 6.2 6.7 6.5 6.4 11.0 5.6  8.8 11.4 11.3 6.8 10.4 9.6 8.8 8.9 16.1 10.7  21.3 20.4 19.4 20.4 18.4 19.6 23.1 20.4 10.3 20.9  9.2 2.9 4.8 9.7 6.7 4.5 7.6 8.6 1.3 4.4  9.9 6.4 5.8 9.5 5.1 6.8 3.8 6.4 6.9 6.6  8.3 7.0 5.5 8.4 5.0 5.4 4.2 6.5 6.0 5.8  5.7 4.0 4.6 8.8 4.8 3.4 1.4 3.3 1.3 4.2  1,633 264 259 3,112  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  14.8 16.5 11.4 14.2  9.3 11.6 10.6 12.2  2.6 2.7 2.6 2.2  11.8 11.1 10.3 11.2  6.2 4.7 4.1 6.6  8.5 13.0 7.0 10.1  21.6 19.2 19.4 18.0  7.7 2.7 7.0 8.6  7.5 6.9 8.8 6.7  7.1 5.4 6.3 6.9  2.9 6.3 12.4 3.1  Executive, Techni­ Profes­ adminis­ cians and sional trative, related and man­ specialty support agerial  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Florida.................................................  1,773 236 1,617 1,053 13,780 1,597 1,697 349 299 5,845  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  10.4 14.3 14.2 9.2 14.8 14.5 14.0 13.4 16.6 13.8  10.9 15.9 12.8 9.8 14.4 13.6 16.3 12.1 20.2 11.8  Maine ..................................................  3,018 511 464 5,656 2,744 1,448 1,233 1,634 1,749 590  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  13.5 14.9 10.1 12.5 9.4 9.5 11.9 10.1 12.0 12.2  New Hampshire.................................  2,430 3,053 4,267 2,241 1,076 2,471 381 787 572 589  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  3,826 651 8,238 3,272 317 5,118 1,438 1,391 5,592 504  TOTAL  Tennessee .........................................  Men  Arizona...............................................  Illinois................................................. See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  58  Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed  Population group and State  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Manag erial and ssional spe cialty  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive Techni­ adminis­ Profes­ cians and trative, sional related and man­ specialty support agerial  Sales  Adminis­ trative support, including clerical  Operators, fabricators, and laborers Service occupa­ tions  Precision produc­ Handlers, Machine tion, equip­ T ransporcraft, and operators ment tation anc cleaners, repair assem­ blers, and material helpers, inspectors moving and labor ers  Farming, forestry, and fish­ ing  Men—Continued  Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana............................................ Maine..................................................  1,491 780 677 893 995 318  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  10.2 11.0 12.6 10.3 12.7 13.6  . 9.4 9.9 11.5 9.1 12.2 9.8  2.6 2.4 4.0 2.4 3.0 2.5  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts.................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  1,295 1,608 2,368 1,235 591 1,325 209 422 318 327  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  15.9 16.5 12.5 12.3 10.5 12.7 12.0 12.2 14.1 15.1  14.7 15.2 11.9 13.4 9.2 11.0 11.7 9.2 8.9 12.8  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina .................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon ................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  2,100 357 4,508 1,776 174 2,792 784 770 3,089 278  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  17.9 11.6 16.2 12.1 10.7 12.8 14.7 13.3 12.8 14.0  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  879 188 1,222 4,384 422 159 1,624 1,258 403 1,354 125  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  Alabama ............................................. Alaska ................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida.................................................  780 109 722 480 6,054 750 782 167 149 2,682  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana ............................................ Maine .................................................. Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana .............................................  11.1 10.6  io.e  11.1 12.1 11.4  4.6 3.7 5.7 4.1 3.9 4.9  9.0 7.4 8.5 7.8 11.3 8.4  20.2 18.0 17.7 22.0 19.4 22.3  11.9 8.2 7.2 8.6 5.1 7.9  8.8 7.0 7.1 10.3 7.9 7.7  7.0 6.7 5.7 7.0 6.4 6.4  5.1 15.1 9.1 7.4 6.2 5.1  4.6 3.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 3.1 1.8 2.0 2.4 3.5  10.7 12.0 10.3 12.3 10.9 10.9 10.5 11.6 8.9 12.1  5.3 6.9 5.3 5.6 3.8 6.9 3.0 4.9 5.0 4.4  9.1 10.6 8.9 7.7 7.9 8.3 10.8 7.6 20.7 7.7  20.2 17.6 20.2 16.9 22.0 18.2 17.7 18.3 21.1 24.0  4.2 6.2 12.6 7.8 7.5 8.3 4.4 5.8 3.3 7.7  7.0 5.4 7.0 6.7 11.1 6.7 7.6 7.7 7.7 4.9  5.0 4.2 5.4 6.0 7.8 8.1 6.2 7.0 6.2 5.5  3.1 1.9 3.3 8.5 6.7 5.9 14.3 13.8 1.7 2.4  13.5 12.6 13.2 8.8 10.9 11.3 11.4 12.1 12.1 12.3  3.1 4.1 2.7 2.7 1.5 2.4 2.8 2.5 3.1 2.8  11.4 10.1 11.5 10.7 12.3 10.2 10.8 11.5 9.7 11.3  5.9 5.7 6.8 5.0 3.7 5.3 4.9 4.8 6.3 6.2  10.4 9.7 12.1 8.0 8.4 9.1 8.8 8.6 8.7 11.1  17.8 20.3 17.6 22.6 15.3 19.5 20.9 18.5 21.7 21.6  6.3 4.6 5.8 10.4 4.0 11.8 7.2 8.2 8.7 9.3  6.6 7.9 6.6 7.9 8.0 7.4 6.5 7.2 6.9 5.7  5.7 6.2 5.4 7.1 5.2 7.0 6.1 6.4 7.8 4.0  1.4 7.3 1.9 4.8 20.0 3.1 5.9 6.8 2.2 1.6  10.3 10.9 11.6 14.4 15.6 14.1 16.8 12.5 8.8 12.0 12.3  9.4 9.3 7.8 11.2 13.0 12.2 13.8 14.5 8.0 11.9 11.2  2.7 1.8 2.6 3.0 4.5 3.2 4.0 3.7 1.8 2.9 2.5  10.3 11.3 9.9 11.6 11.3 10.7 10.2 11.8 9.5 10.0 8.8  5.1 3.7 5.5 6.3 6.4 5.0 5.3 5.4 4.7 4.7 2.9  8.4 7.7 8.4 10.1 8.9 7.3 7.1 8.8 8.5 8.7 8.7  24.4 15.3 22.0 18.8 16.3 23.1 21.2 20.5 25.4 19.4 21.3  10.5 4.7 11.8 6.6 7.0 7.6 5.7 6.0 7.4 10.4 4.3  7.6 7.5 8.5 6.8 7.2 7.0 6.7 5.9 12.7 7.2 12.1  6.8 5.7 7.3 7.2 6.1 4.4 5.7 6.4 10.0 6.4 7.1  4.5 22.0 4.5 4.2 3.6 5.2 3.6 4.5 3.1 6.5 8.7  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  9.0 14.4 12.8 8.1 14.5 14.0 11.9 11.9 17.4 12.1  13.4 17.6 13.5 11.3 14.9 14.2 17.8 12.9 19.0 12.7  3.1 3.0 3.5 2.8 3.1 3.7 3.3 4.8 4.1 3.3  13.8 12.4 15.0 12.3 12.7 13.0 11.6 13.6 7.0 15.4  25.8 28.3 28.0 24.3 28.7 27.1 29.1 32.0 29.5 28.3  17.4 17.4 18.0 19.2 15.1 18.3 14.5 15.9 19.4 18.4  3.2 1.8 2.0 3.8 2.2 1.9 2.8 1.7 .9 2.2  10.8 1.8 3.6 11.6 5.6 4.1 6.9 4.8 1.8 4.3  1.1 .9 1.3 .8 .6 .6 .9 .4 .2 1.1  1.5 1.5 1.5 3.2 1.3 2.2 1.1 1.3 .7 1.2  .9 .9 .9 2.6 1.1 1.0 .2 .7 <1> 1.0  1,385 248 205 2,544 1,253 668 556 741 754 273  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  12.0 13.2 8.3 10.4 8.4 7.8 11.1 9.8 11.1 10.6  13.4 15.5 13.5 14.9 11.6 15.9 15.3 14.4 14.2 15.2  2.9 1.7 3.5 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.6 3.5 2.9 3.0  13.0 17.5 13.2 13.4 14.4 9.9 12.2 14.1 16.7 12.3  24.5 24.6 24.6 31.1 26.6 25.9 26.9 23.2 28.8 25.7  18.5 20.2 22.2 16.2 19.4 22.8 20.2 20.6 20.0 19.3  2.6 1.3 1.4 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.5 1.5 1.9  9.2 1.9 6.4 5.5 9.0 5.7 4.9 7.4 2.6 7.2  .7 .6 1.4 .8 .8 .9 .6 1.2 .7 .7  2.0 1.6 2.5 1.9 2.6 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.1 2.8  1.2 1.8 2.9 .7 1.7 3.8 1.9 1.8 .2 1.3  1,135 1,445 1,899 1,006 485 1,146 172  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  14.3 12.8 9.2 7.6 8.1 10.7 9.9  16.6 19.5 13.9 16.4 14.2 13.3 15.2  4.2 3.6 3.2 4.3 4.1 3.3 2.6  10.6 12.6 14.8 11.4 13.7 13.0 11.5  30.7 27.9 26.7 29.7 24.0 27.5 26.2  16.9 14.2 19.2 19.6 17.1 19.5 24.0  1.6 2.0 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.6 1.4  2.8 5.1 7.1 4.3 11.9 6.5 2.4  .7 .6 1.1 .7 1.0 1.0 .9  1.0 1.3 1.6 1.9 2.1 1.7 1.3  .6 .4 1.2 2.5 1.1 1.1 4.8  Women  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  59  Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed  Population group and State  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Managerial and professional specialty  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, Techni­ adminis­ Profes­ cians and trative, sional related and man­ specialty support agerial  Sales  Adminis­ trative support, including clerical  Service occupa­ tions  Precision Handlers, Farming, produc­ forestry, equip­ tion, Machine Transpor­ and fish­ craft, and operators, ment ing tation and cleaners, repair assem­ helpers, blers, and material inspectors moving and labor­ ers  Women—Continued  Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  365 254 262  100.0 100.0 100.0  9.2 12.4 12.0  14.0 9.4 14.3  3.4 2.5 3.8  11.2 15.2 14.4  29.7 29.0 26.4  21.5 25.9 13.9  2.2 1.1 3.5  4.3 2.2 7.8  0.4 .7 1.0  1.7 1.3 1.6  2.4 .4 1.1  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  1,726 295 3,730 1,497 143 2,327 654 621 2,504 226  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  12.0 11.4 12.2 8.6 8.4 9.4 11.4 12.0 8.5 9.3  17.7 13.6 17.5 14.5 16.9 15.1 11.8 14.8 13.9 14.8  3.2 3.0 3.3 3.2 4.4 3.7 2.9 2.5 3.9 3.3  13.1 14.9 11.5 11.9 11.0 13.5 13.3 13.5 12.6 12.7  30.7 24.2 29.2 23.6 25.6 27.3 27.7 27.7 29.4 27.3  13.5 22.1 16.9 15.9 24.6 18.0 21.6 17.0 19.2 15.6  1.8 3.3 1.5 3.1 1.3 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.0 3.7  5.3 3.7 5.5 14.9 2.1 6.6 4.9 4.7 6.8 10.4  .8 1.1 .8 .9 .5 1.1 .9 1.4 .7 .6  1.5 .9 1.1 2.6 .9 2.1 1.6 2.2 2.2 2.1  .3 1.9 .4 .8 4.3 .8 1.3 1.9 .6 .2  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  736 158 1,025 3,476 330 137 1,398 1,042 298 1,144 98  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  8.8 8.5 9.1 11.6 11.1 10.7 11.8 12.5 7.7 8.2 9.6  14.7 16.0 10.2 15.1 14.5 17.4 15.4 14.3 13.6 13.2 14.2  2.7 3.0 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.3 4.1 3.3 2.1  13.5 11.2 12.2 13.9 12.6 12.7 13.4 12.8 15.4 12.3 12.6  23.9 23.6 24.9 28.5 30.2 24.2 26.4 27.9 26.1 26.6 26.7  16.1 23.8 17.0 17.8 18.3 17.4 17.8 18.8 22.7 20.2 25.0  2.4 2.4 3.4 2.1 2.3 3.5 2.2 2.2 1.8 2.7 1.4  14.2 3.8 15.6 4.6 5.6 7.0 5.9 3.8 6.0 7.4 1.8  1.2 .6 .8 .8 .4 .7 1.0 1.3 .7 .8 2.0  1.8 1.5 2.3 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.9 1.5 2.4 1.8  .5 5.7 .7 .7 .4 1.8 .8 1.3 .5 2.8 2.8  Alabama ............................................. Alaska ................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas.............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida.................................................  1,426 196 1,525 921 11,630 1,491 1,564 291 116 4,934  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  12.0 14.9 14.7 10.2 15.1 15.0 14.6 14.6 25.4 15.0  11.5 17.1 12.9 10.2 14.5 14.0 16.6 13.0 37.1 12.4  3.0 4.5 3.6 2.5 2.9 3.9 2.9 4.9 6.1 3.2  12.4 11.1 13.9 12.1 12.0 12.7 11.6 12.5 7.6 15.0  15.2 15.8 15.2 14.0 15.2 16.2 16.6 19.1 9.1 16.2  9.0 12.3 13.7 11.0 12.3 13.0 10.6 10.1 9.6 12.2  14.1 12.3 11.4 13.0 11.7 11.5 14.2 11.8 2.5 12.7  9.0 1.9 4.0 9.9 6.2 3.8 6.8 5.0 .6 3.9  5.8 3.9 3.9 5.6 3.3 3.8 2.5 3.4 .5 3.6  4.2 3.9 3.6 5.2 3.4 3.7 2.8 3.3 1.4 3.1  3.8 2.4 3.1 6.2 3.6 2.4 .9 2.3 .1 2.6  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky ............................................ Louisiana ............................................ Maine..................................................  2,116 153 455 4,868 2,532 1,408 1,142 1,544 1,336 584  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  16.0 19.1 10.0 13.3 9.8 9.5 12.4 10.3 13.9 12.2  13.0 18.3 11.8 13.6 10.8 12.4 13.6 11.8 14.2 12.3  3.0 2.5 3.0 2.3 2.6 2.7 3.2 2.8 3.1 2.8  14.5 16.1 11.6 12.7 13.1 10.4 11.5 12.7 16.1 11.8  15.6 11.4 13.2 16.9 14.3 14.1 15.3 12.8 14.6 14.6  8.7 12.4 13.5 12.1 12.8 14.2 13.2 12.5 11.1 13.3  14.3 10.8 11.6 11.6 12.3 10.8 10.8 13.3 12.8 12.9  6.0 .9 6.7 7.0 10.7 6.9 5.9 8.1 3.3 7.6  3.5 2.4 5.6 3.9 5.1 4.3 4.2 6.4 4.5 4.4  3.1 2.7 4.6 4.4 4.8 4.5 3.7 4.4 3.1 4.8  2.2 3.4 8.2 2.3 3.8 10.2 6.2 5.0 3.2 3.4  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota .......................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  1,802 2,885 3,770 2,181 766 2,198 365 757 509 580  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  16.7 15.1 11.5 10.4 12.1 12.1 11.2 11.0 14.1 13.6  17.8 17.4 13.0 14.8 13.0 12.7 13.4 11.6 9.2 13.4  4.4 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 3.1 2.1 2.6 2.4 3.6  12.1 12.6 12.7 12.0 14.6 12.5 11.2 11.6 12.0 13.2  15.9 16.9 14.8 16.2 14.5 15.6 13.3 16.2 15.8 14.3  10.5 11.6 12.4 12.9 7.9 12.5 16.4 13.7 20.7 10.5  11.4 10.2 12.6 10.2 13.9 11.7 10.5 10.8 12.9 15.0  3.3 5.4 9.7 6.0 7.3 7.2 3.3 5.0 2.9 7.6  3.1 3.2 4.4 3.9 6.0 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.8 3.2  2.6 2.8 3.5 4.2 3.7 4.7 3.9 4.3 4.1 3.8  2.1 1.2 2.6 5.9 3.3 4.0 10.1 8.8 1.1 1.9  New Jersey.................................. New Mexico .............................. New York .........,........................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma ........................................... Oregon ................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode island .....................................  3,252 595 6,889 2,588 308 4,636 1,275 1,333 5,106 477  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  16.1 11.8 15.3 12.2 9.4 11.8 14.3 13.0 11.2 12.3  15.8 13.2 15.7 12.5 13.5 13.2 12.0 13.3 13.2 13.4  3.1 3.6 2.9 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.3 3.5 3.0  12.5 12.8 12.4 12.7 11.8 12.2 12.5 12.5 11.4 12.3  16.8 14.3 16.4 14.2 13.7 15.0 15.6 15.1 16.2 15.7  10.6 14.9 12.8 9.0 15.6 12.2 13.3 12.2 12.6 12.7  11.3 12.1 10.8 14.7 9.0 12.1 12.4 11.4 13.3 13.8  5.4 3.9 5.3 10.7 3.1 9.2 5.6 6.2 7.7 9.3  3.8 4.8 3.7 4.1 4.6 4.5 3.9 4.7 4.2 3.5  3.6 3.6 3.4 4.2 3.2 4.6 3.8 4.5 5.2 3.0  1.0 4.9 1.4 2.7 13.2 2.3 3.8 4.8 1.6 .9  White  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  60  Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed  Managerial and specialty  Population group and State  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive Techni­ adminis­ Profes­ cians and trative, sional and man­ specialty related support agerial  Sales  Adminis­ trative support, including clerical  Operators, fabricators, and laborers Service occupa­ tions  Precision produc­ Handlers, Farming, forestry, tion, Machine equip­ Transpor­ and fish­ craft, and operators, ment tation and ing cleaners, repair assem­ blers, and material helpers, inspectors moving and labor­ ers  White—Continued  South Carolina.................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin ........................................... Wyoming.............................................  1,185 328 1,895 6,824 731 295 2,420 2,154 673 2,405 220  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  11.7 9.8 11.3 14.0 13.8 12.5 16.4 12.7 8.7 10.3 11.2  13.9 12.3 8.4 13.4 13.8 14.5 15.8 14.7 10.4 12.7 12.7  3.0 2.4 2.8 3.2 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.5 2.7 3.1 2.4  13.5 11.5 11.8 13.0 12.0 11.7 12.4 12.4 12.3 11.2 10.4  15.5 12.6 14.7 16.2 16.8 13.8 15.0 15.4 13.3 14.6 13.4  8.7 14.4 10.5 12.0 13.0 12.0 10.2 12.8 14.0 13.6 15.7  15.8 9.4 14.4 11.8 10.1 14.1 12.7 12.5 15.4 11.8 12.7  8.6 4.3 13.3 5.5 6.2 7.3 4.4 4.8 6.8 8.8 3.2  3.8 4.3 4.9 3.7 4.2 4.1 3.5 3.9 7.8 4.4 7.6  3.4 3.7 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.0 3.2 4.3 6.4 4.5 4.7  2.2 15.1 3.2 2.9 2.2 3.7 2.4 3.1 2.1 5.0 6.1  Alabama ............................................. Alaska................................................. Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida................. ............. .... .............  340 7 114 823 63 110 55 176 799  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  3.7 7.7 2.4 11.0 9.5 7.0 6.6 10.9 5.6  8.1 12.3 7.4 11.7 6.3 9.7 6.2 9.3 8.1  1.7 .9 2.1 3.7 4.4 1.6 2.0 3.1 2.4  6.2 9.4 9.4 10.1 5.7 9.2 5.6 4.9 8.0  9.2 25.2 9.4 24.7 23.2 23.0 16.9 27.7 15.4  27.5 26.5 24.2 16.7 24.3 23.3 23.9 22.7 26.1  10.1 6.6 8.5 9.7 9.0 9.6 9.7 7.7 10.1  13.6 2.0 15.2 3.9 5.2 11.1 15.9 2.3 6.7  6.9 3.0 4.8 3.6 6.0 2.0 4.5 5.7 6.7  10.0 4.5 11.8 4.2 6.2 3.0 7.8 4.7 7.3  3.0 1.8 4.9 .8 .3 .5 1.0 1.1 3.6  Georgia............................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana ............................................  865 652 196 64 82 397  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  7.6 7.2 4.0 7.0 4.5 5.9  6.7 10.1 4.0 6.1 3.7 9.4  2.0 1.9 2.9 2.6 3.9 2.2  6.6 10.0 7.5 13.8 7.8 7.4  12.6 23.9 21.0 15.5 12.4 15.2  23.8 18.5 25.9 20.2 33.8 28.5  9.5 6.9 10.4 12.9 11.8 7.5  13.9 8.6 9.4 10.9 8.1 6.3  6.5 6.2 6.0 3.8 3.4 5.9  8.7 6.2 8.0 4.8 8.6 7.1  2.0 .4 .9 2.4 2.1 4.7  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ...............................................  572 97 427 305 237 22 38  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  10.1 8.9 7.5 2.8 8.4 4.7 6.8  8.1 10.4 8.6 7.4 5.1 2.7 6.8  4.7 3.7 3.0 2.4 3.6 3.3 3.2  6.7 5.5 9.1 6.3 8.0 6.5 6.4  21.6 18.5 16.1 8.8 24.6 27.9 17.5  19.2 28.9 22.6 22.3 20.8 24.4 42.9  11.7 8.4 8.2 11.4 5.5 9.7 6.3  4.6 9.4 14.5 15.0 9.3 7.8 1.0  7.1 3.8 4.4 8.0 4.2 .8 4.0  4.7 2.2 5.4 9.2 9.4 12.2 3.7  1.6 .4 .5 6.4 1.1 0 1.5  New Jersey ........................................ New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  430 1,010 632 447 66 416 18  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  8.8 9.7 4.1 5.9 3.6 6.8 4.0  9.8 10.2 7.0 10.0 7.4 8.6 8.7  3.0 3.6 2.6 2.8 2.2 3.0 3.0  7.8 6.2 5.9 7.7 9.4 5.9 4.8  20.1 22.1 11.4 19.5 14.3 23.1 19.9  21.5 24.0 22.2 22.3 32.9 23.8 18.3  6.9 8.0 9.3 8.5 10.7 8.1 11.0  9.6 6.0 18.2 11.8 8.9 9.1 20.0  6.3 5.6 7.1 4.9 2.5 4.5 3.7  5.9 4.2 8.4 6.3 6.1 6.4 3.9  .3 .3 3.8 .4 1.9 .7 2.6  South Carolina................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Virginia................................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin...........................................  418 339 890 512 24 64  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  3.6 6.0 7.0 6.1 1.1 5.9  6.1 10.1 8.3 8.7 7.6 4.8  2.0 5.2 2.9 3.2 4.1 1.4  6.4 6.5 9.0 7.4 5.5 5.5  8.6 12.4 15.9 15.3 24.4 15.3  21.2 22.3 24.9 19.1 27.1 29.3  10.3 9.0 8.6 11.7 14.7 10.8  22.6 15.1 6.8 12.3 6.6 17.6  7.2 5.6 8.3 7.1 3.0 1.8  7.9 7.2 7.4 7.1 5.5 7.3  4.2 .6 1.1 2.1 .2 .4  Arizona................................................ California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut ........................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Kansas ................................................ Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Nevada ...............................................  290 3,109 150 80 17 744 28 397 25 72 51 47  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  5.7 6.6 8.1 8.7 6.0 11.5 2.4 4.1 8.9 7.0 3.7 4.7  7.2 4.9 2.5 10.8 15.5 8.1 2.5 6.0 4.7 8.0 13.4 3.2  2.0 1.4 3.1 2.1 3.4 2.4 2.4 .9 1.5 1.1 4.1 1.3  9.0 7.4 8.2 1.1 6.8 12.9 6.3 5.1 7.7 7.4 9.0 9.1  12.9 12.1 19.8 17.8 9.5 15.6 6.5 13.3 11.5 14.4 13.6 12.5  21.4 19.0 20.9 21.1 45.0 15.2 8.8 20.8 28.2 23.3 12.3 36.7  11.8 14.1 14.1 15.0 6.3 13.0 7.5 14.4 9.6 12.4 12.0 16.9  8.7 15.7 8.4 15.6 o 8.4 19.4 21.4 8.1 19.1 19.5 5.3  6.6 3.7 4.3 2.5 1.0 4.0 6.7 4.0 2.0 .6 5.0 2.5  5.8 6.5 6.8 4.2 6.2 5.2 12.5 8.1 12.8 5.3 2.9 5.4  8.9 8.4 3.8 1.1 .3 3.7 24.9 1.8 4.9 1.2 4.5 2.3  New Jersey ........................................  283  100.0  6.6  7.5  2.2  7.3  14.9  18.4  11.8  18.8  4.1  7.7  .6  Black  '  Hispanic origin  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  61  Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed  Population group and State  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  213 772 27 51 74 16 1,680 27 11  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  Managerial and professional specialty  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, Techni­ adminis­ Profes­ cians and trative, sional related and man­ specialty support agerial  Sales  Adminis­ trative support, including clerical  6.1 5.1 13.7 11.5 10.7 5.8 6.0 7.3 5.2  11.6 6.9 3.6 11.7 6.3 1.2 10.3 9.3 8.7  14.1 16.5 8.8 17.4 14.9 10.3 13.8 15.4 17.0  Service occupa­ tions  Precision produc­ Handlers, Farming, forestry, tion, Machine equip­ Transpor­ and fish­ craft, and operators, ment tation and cleaners, ing repair assem­ blers, and material helpers, moving inspectors and labor­ ers  Hispanic origin—Continued  New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... Ohio .................................................... Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island ..................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Wyoming.............................................  9.0 7.7 11.5 5.3 7.6 9.6 6.5 5.1 2.7  2.4 2.3 3.1 1.6 1.7 .9 1.8 4.3 1.1  14.9 11.3 16.4 10.1 11.9 13.8 14.7 14.1 11.3  5.7 13.3 6.6 18.3 10.9 44.7 10.1 12.8 7.2  5.3 6.1 3.2 1.8 6.0 3.2 4.9 5.9 8.1  5.4 4.4 5.9 7.8 8.5 4.1 8.5 5.3 7.0  4.7 1.4 16.5 .9 .9  o 4.5 2.4 7.7  ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  1 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  20.8 25.1 10.7 13.6 20.7 6.4 19.0 17.9 23.9  62  Table 16. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by industry, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands)  Nonagricultural industries Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing Employment status and State  Total2 Total3 Total4  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Non­ durable goods  Transpor­ tation, communi­ cations, and pub­ lic utili­ ties  Trade  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Ser­ vices5  Govern­ ment  Agricul­ ture  CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE  Alabama ........................................... Alaska ................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia............................ Florida.................................................  1,889 252 1,697 1,123 14,436 1,685 1,753 361 314 6,159  1,805 249 1,628 1,046 13,786 1,633 1,732 352 307 5,938  1,391 153 1,227 789 10,440 1,236 1,423 287 192 4,659  101 12 99 50 780 74 104 22 13 429  444 9 209 244 2,459 223 394 76 10 694  364 44 339 213 2,576 334 292 68 33 1,335  70 11 129 47 968 111 163 30 21 461  315 48 364 170 2,983 356 396 75 100 1,381  282 66 252 155 1,967 255 198 49 97 835  362 17 38 483 167 121 96 125 105 62  238 41 23 345 155 63 79 94 105 28  616 110 97 1,187 597 276 243 358 376 115  185 31 22 415 146 77 70 71 100 32  557 126 80 1,250 507 255 227 290 362 118  462 103 71 769 326 241 204 242 308 89  64 17 41 118 93 149 73 72 57 11  122 208 288 157 111 212 10 55  128 146 178 106 56 188 24 50 38 27  436 572 947 456 215 516 77 165 103 115  138 228 227 157 47 138 16 50 30 38  577 790 835 487 171 539 72 153 215 117  574 396 606 314 184 330 81 119 68 63  <6) 30 96 140 39 86 39 71 (6>  723 132 1,473 615 65 1,071 279 302 1,105 104  304 32 712 151 15 273 75 73 328 34  879 131 1,984 524 64 1,064 270 271 1,314 116  551 146 1,462 470 63 707 271 210 691 61  38 30 100 86 42 110 57 51 78  69 16 102 459 39 13 174 134 29 121 8  255 65 424 1,599 166 64 646 479 116 471 36  247 60 296 1,260 147 40 620 422 121 368 53  3  21 3 16 10 141 23 10 2 5 78  7 3 6 7 49 7 4 2 3 21  <6) 11  31 3 4 67  15 1 2 26  3 1 2 4  206 i6)  163 116 1,613 146 298 21 (6>  427 277  (e> 128 846 77 97 54 8 267  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana............................................ ' Maine..................................................  3,175 523 487 5,962 2,869 1,505 1,281 1,724 1,875 614  3,072 504 441 5,799 2,752 1,343 1,196 1,629 1,786 595  2,410 364 318 4,682 2,250 988 894 1,257 1,328 443  169 33 21 272 123 53 49 94 144 40  639 24 74 1,191 712 260 218 311 189 109  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts.................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire..................................  2,510 3,168 4,549 2,332 1,145 2,596 403 811 600 609  2,441 3,124 4,409 2,176 1,087 2,482 360 734 591 598  1,736 2,514 3,534 1,702 808 1,971 234 549 480 484  198 151 199 99 53 113 15 26 45 39  258 625 1,143 390 249 472 25 104 34 148  136 416 855 233 138 260 16 49 <6) 104  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina .................................... North Dakota..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  3,978 692 8,628 3,382 329 5,384 1,514 1,470 5,834 524  3,917 655 8,434 3,261 285 5,229 1,444 1,406 5,714 518  3,140 436 6,405 2,569 193 4,206 1,015 1,042 4,634 424  198 35 439 184 15 233 51 50 318 24  756 58 1,333 929 16 1,281 217 261 1,232 128  344 36 720 393 (6> 875 134 171 704 91  412 <6) 614 536 405 84 89 529 37  275 33 457 162 14 270 78 82 303 19  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  1,683 359 2,356 8,358 785 306 3,133 2,438 760 2,597 237  1,632 303 2,278 8,032 765 295 3,030 2,354 739 2,470 220  1,252 211 1,813 6,124 552 220 2,222 1,718 564 1,930 146  100 12 127 453 28 22 176 108 48 125 11  447 33 602 1,224 115 55 440 396 123 611 10  158 18 289 680 76 40 218 297 60 345  288 16 312 544 39 15 222 99 63 267 6  71 12 123 478 46 10 166 108 51 108 17  307 69 429 1,723 152 55 597 490 156 492 44  Alabama ............................................. Alaska................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut ........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida.................................................  116 16 79 71 656 88 56 12 15 314  112 16 73 66 598 83 54 11 14 296  102 12 64 57 528 73 49 9 11 266  12 2 12 7 56 9 8 2 1 34  27 1 11 19 126 10 15 2  11  36 3 19 15 144 22 11 3 3 80  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois..................................................  157 12 23 306  153 11 21 301  135 10 18 269  9 2 3 29  43 4 4 82  n  36 708 544 139 122 186 83 48  <6)  59  86 17 72 62 640 120 73 16 14 344  238 m  «  44  «  (6)  55 65 487 n (6)  7 R  150  i6>  <6>  36 52 61 231 (£i  9 65 64 R  111 15  UNEMPLOYED  41  21  20  3 1 2 3 30 4 1 1 <7> 18  34 1 5 65  13 i6> 2 34  21 1 3 31  8 1 1 14  <7i  7 10 70 6 11 1 <6)  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  17 i6)  63  <6) n  9 56 4 4 1 o  (7)  4 2 28 5 4 i7) o  14 o  9  (7i 10  2 <6)  6 4 39 <e)  (6> i7)  Table 16. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Nonagricultural industries Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers  Manufacturing Employment status and State  Total2 Total3 Total4  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Non­ durable goods  Transpor­ tation, communi­ cations, and pub­ lic utili­ ties  Trade  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Ser­ vices5  Govern­ ment  Agriculture  UNEMPLOYED—Continued  Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana ............................................ Maine..................................................  125 57 48 90 126 23  118 54 46 85 118 22  109 46 39 78 101 20  12 7 5 11 24 4  31 13 10 20 16 4  21 5 5 12 7 2  10 7 5 8 9 2  10 1 2 3 2 1  29 14 12 23 30 6  2 1 2 2 5 1  25 10 8 15 20 4  6 6 6 5 14 2  5 2 1 3 6 1  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi.......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  80 115 282 90 69 125 22 24 29 19  78 112 271 86 65 121 20 22 27 19  71 100 242 74 56 106 16 19 25 18  17 16 29 12 7 14 3 1 5 3  8 24 77 18 19 25 2 3 1 5  6 13 55 9 8 13 1 1 <6) 3  2 11 22 9 11 12 1 2  3 6 10 3 2 3 1 2 1  21 25 68 22 16 36 5 6 7 5  2 4 9 5 1 4 1 1 1 1  20 25 49 13 10 23 4 6 9 4  6 8 24 9 7 13 4 2 2 1  (6> 3  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon ................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  152 41 389 109 13 265 76 79 241 20  149 39 377 104 11 257 73 75 235 19  135 32 328 93 9 227 59 69 216 18  14 5 49 10 2 29 7 6 33 2  36 5 66 37 1 60 13 20 61 6  15 4 33 16  8 2 20 3 1 13 2 2 9 1  36 10 88 25 3 66 17 23 55 4  8 2 26 3  33 8 80 15 2 47 15 15 46 4  10 5 38 8 2 23 10 5 15  2 1 7 3 1 7 2 3 3  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  68 13 109 499 32 10 111 138 59 100 14  65 12 105 471 31 10 109 130 57 97 13  58 9 93 412 26 9 95 112 49 84 11  10 2 11 52 3 2 10 11 9 11 2  20 2 33 66 4 2 13 23 11 27 1  1 26 2 <7i 6 6 2 4 1  17 3 23 130 9 2 33 34 15 23 3  Alabama ............................................. Alaska................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida.................................................  6.1 6.5 4.7 6.3 4.5 5.2 3.2 3.3 4.7 5.1  6.2 6.4 4.5 6.3 4.3 5.1 3.1 3.2 4.7 5.0  7.3 7.9 5.2 7.3 5.1 5.9 3.4 3.3 5.7 5.7  11.5 19.1 11.9 14.3 7.2 12.2 8.0 7.1 10.0 7.9  6.2 11.9 5.3 7.8 5.1 4.3 3.8 2.2 4.6 6.0  7.2 6.6 5.1 3.7 1.3 2.4 7.5  3.5 5.4 2.3 5.3 4.8 3.5 .9 5.3 1.8 5.1  9.8 7.3 5.7 7.2 5.6 6.6 3.7 3.8 9.5 6.0  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana............................................ Maine..................................................  4.9 2.3 4.8 5.1 4.3 3.8 3.7 5.2 6.7 3.8  5.0 2.3 4.7 5.2 4.3 4.0 3.9 5.2 6.6 3.7  5.6 2.7 5.5 5.7 4.8 4.7 4.4 6.2 7.6 4.5  5.5 4.7 12.9 10.5 9.6 13.8 10.9 11.6 16.9 11.0  5.3 2.5 6.7 5.5 4.4 4.9 4.4 6.5 8.5 4.1  4.8 3.9 3.9 4.2 6.6 7.8 4.5  5.8 3.0 8.2 6.4 5.9 6.1 4.7 6.3 9.0 3.7  3.5 1.8 5.4 4.2 6.3 2.3 2.5 3.2 2.3 2.5  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi.......................................... Missouri ..............................................  3.2 3.6 6.2 3.9 6.1 4.8  3.2 3.6 6.1 3.9 6.0 4.9  4.1 4.0 6.9 4.3 7.0 5.4  8.4 10.6 14.6 11.8 13.7 12.1  3.1 3.8 6.7 4.6 7.7 5.3  4.2 3.1 6.4 3.7 5.7 5.2  1.9 5.3 7.5 5.8 10.2 5.5  2.6 3.9 5.5 3.1 3.6 1.8  (6)48 7 10 32 4 7 1 15 40 2 1 6 15 5 18  (6>  <6> 2 21 <6) 33 21 i6) 12 6 10 29 2 13 1 18 26 2 1 7 8 5 9 1  <7)  o5  o10 2 3 10 1  o  9 3 3 3 1 1 (6i i6)  <6)  9 2 17 107 7 3 27 33 7 19 3  5 2 6 45 4 1 12 17 7 10 2  4.0 4.3 2.9 5.2 2.9 4.2 2.3 1.5 2.1 3.1  6.6 6.5 4.5 6.0 4.7 6.4 2.6 3.1 5.3 5.7  2.5 4.8 2.3 4.3 2.5 2.8 2.0 3.5 3.2 2.5  3.7 i6) 10.6 5.8 8.1  6.9 3.5 4.6 6.9 4.9 5.1 4.8 6.4 8.0 5.1  4.6 .4 1.9 2.5 1.4 1.5 3.1 2.6 4.8 1.8  5.6 2.4 4.7 5.3 4.9 3.8 3.7 5.3 5.4 3.4  3.3 1.2 3.4 3.4 1.9 2.3 2.8 2.0 4.5 2.0  4.4 3.2 4.8 3.2 5.4 1.5 1.5 4.3 10.4 7.1  4.8 4.3 7.1 4.9 7.5 7.0  1.3 1.8 4.0 3.3 1.7 3.0  3.5 3.2 5.9 2.7 5.8 4.3  1.1 2.0 3.9 2.8 3.9 3.9  <6>8.9  2 (7> 4 22 2 (7> 5 5 1 1  i7>  1 1 3 21  R (7) 1 7  n2 n  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE  7.0  R4.1 8.5 4.3 3.9 3.8 4.5  <6)5.0 4.6  <6)5.1  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  64  5.3  <•> (s)  n (6) 5.6  <6)7.2  9.0 2.4 7.0 3.2  Table 16. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Nonagricultural industries Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing Employment status and State  Total12 Total3 Total4  Construc­ tion  Durable goods  Total  Non­ durable goods  Transpor­ tation, communi­ cations, and pub­ lic utili­ ties  Trade  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Ser­ vices5  Govern­ ment  Agriculture  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE—Continued  Montana ......................................... Nebraska........................................ Nevada ........................................... New Hampshire.............................  5.4 2.9 4.8 3.2  5.6 3.0 4.6 3.2  6.8 3.5 5.1 3.7  19.1 5.7 10.1 7.8  7.1 3.3 3.7 3.6  6.1 2.6 R 3.1  8.8 4.0 <6) 4.8  5.0 3.4 2.3 .8  6.3 3.7 7.0 4.3  3.7 1.9 4.8 2.0  5.6 3.6 4.2 3.0  4.4 1.7 2.5 1.5  3.5 1.5 <6) i6)  New Jersey.................................... New Mexico ................................... New York ....................................... North Carolina ............................... North Dakota ................................. Ohio ................................................ Oklahoma ..................................... Oregon............................................ Pennsylvania.................................. Rhode Island .................................  3.8 5.9 4.5 3.2 3.8 4.9 5.0 5.4 4.1 3.8  3.8 5.9 4.5 3.2 4.0 4.9 5.0 5.3 4.1 3.7  4.3 7.4 5.1 3.6 4.9 5.4 5.8 6.6 4.7 4.3  7.1 15.4 11.1 5.4 16.2 12.4 14.0 11.5 10.5 10.0  4.8 8.3 4.9 4.0 4.7 4.7 5.8 7.8 5.0 4.6  4.3 10.3 4.6 4.1 i6) 5.4 5.0 6.0 4.6 4.2  5.1 <6) 5.3 4.0 <6) 3.1 7.1 11.1 5.5 5.6  3.0 5.0 4.3 1.6 3.6 4.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 4.0  4.9 7.3 5.9 4.1 4.7 6.2 6.0 7.5 5.0 4.2  2.6 6.1 3.7 2.0 3.2 3.8 2.6 3.9 3.0 1.8  3.7 6.1 4.0 2.9 3.4 4.4 5.6 5.4 3.5 3.7  1.9 3.7 2.6 1.7 3.0 3.3 3.8 2.2 2.2 .7  5.0 4.3 6.9 4.0 2.5 6.0 4.1 5.4 4.4 <6>  South Carolina............................... South Dakota................................. Tennessee .................................... Texas .............................................. Utah ................................................ Vermont.......................................... Virginia......................................... Washington .................................... West Virginia................................ Wisconsin ...................................... Wyoming.........................................  4.0 3.6 4.6 6.0 4.1 3.4 3.5 5.7 7.8 3.8 5.8  4.0 4.0 4.6 5.9 4.1 3.5 3.6 5.5 7.7 3.9 6.0  4.6 4.4 5.1 6.7 4.8 4.2 4.3 6.5 8.7 4.4 7.7  9.5 15.4 8.3 11.5 9.9 7.3 5.9 9.9 18.8 8.9 16.1  4.5 4.8 5.4 5.4 3.3 3.4 2.9 5.9 8.7 4.3 12.3  4.7 5.9 5.1 5.8 2.5 2.7 2.5 5.0 8.6 5.2 (e>  4.4 3.5 5.7 4.8 4.8 5.3 3.3 8.4 8.7 3.2 11.7  .8 2.6 4.4 5.5 4.0 4.1 3.8 5.1 3.6 3.5 3.9  5.4 4.1 5.5 7.6 5.6 4.4 5.5 7.0 9.5 4.6 7.8  2.5 1.4 3.6 4.8 5.1 2.2 2.8 4.0 4.2 1.1 3.7  3.4 3.7 4.0 6.7 4.2 3.9 4.1 6.9 6.4 4.1 7.8  2.2 4.2 2.0 3.5 2.6 2.0 1.9 3.9 5.5 2.8 3.1  3.9 1.2 5.0 9.0  6 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. 7 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent. NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of rounding.  1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience. 2 Includes private household workers, self-employed and unpaid family workers, and mining. 3 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining. 4 Includes mining. 5 Excludes private household workers.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  .5 1.0 10.9 <6> 1.7 2.7  65  Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1989 annual averages Total employed1  Nonagricultural industries  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing Population group and State  Number (in thou­ Percent sands)  Total2 Total3  Con­ struction  Total  Durable goods  T ransportation, com­ Non­ munica­ tions, durable goods and pub­ lic utilities  Trade  Finance, insur­ ance, and real estate  Ser­ vices4  Govern­ ment  Agricul­ ture  TOTAL  Alabama................................................... Alaska ...................................................... Arizona..................................................... Arkansas .................................................. California.................................................. Colorado .................................................. Connecticut ............................................. Delaware.................................................. District of Columbia................................ Florida......................................................  1,773 236 1,617 1,053 13,780 1,597 1,697 349 299 5,845  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  95.5 98.6 96.1 93.1 95.7 97.1 98.9 97.4 98.0 96.5  72.7 59.7 71.9 69.5 71.9 72.8 81.0 79.5 60.6 75.2  5.0 4.0 5.4 4.0 5.3 4.0 5.6 5.8 3.9 6.8  23.5 3.4 12.3 21.4 16.9 13.3 22.4 21.1 3.2 11.2  12.5 1.4 9.7 10.1 11.2 8.8 16.9 5.8 .7 6.9  11.0 2.0 2.6 11.3 5.7 4.6 5.5 15.3 2.5 4.2  4.7 6.9 4.4 5.5 4.4 7.3 4.3 4.3 4.8 5.6  18.5 17.4 19.8 18.8 17.6 19.6 16.5 18.8 10.1 21.5  3.8 4.3 7.8 4.2 6.8 6.7 9.4 8.4 6.9 7.6  16.6 19.1 21.5 15.2 20.6 20.8 22.7 20.9 31.8 22.3  15.5 26.7 15.2 14.1 13.9 15.5 11.5 13.4 31.3 13.9  3.2 .7 3.0 5.8 3.2 2.0 .7 1.9 .2 2.4  Georgia.................................................... Hawaii ...................................................... Idaho ........................................................ Illinois ....................................................... Indiana ..................................................... Iowa.......................................................... Kansas ..................................................... Kentucky.................................................. Louisiana.................................................. Maine .......................................................  3,018 511 464 5,656 2,744 1,448 1,233 1,634 1,749 590  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  96.7 96.3 90.5 97.2 95.9 89.0 93.3 94.5 95.3 97.1  75.4 69.3 64.8 78.0 78.0 65.0 69.3 72.1 70.2 71.7  5.3 6.1 3.9 4.3 4.0 3.1 3.5 5.1 6.9 6.0  20.1 4.7 14.8 19.9 24.8 17.1 16.9 17.8 9.9 17.8  8.8 1.4 7.3 11.9 19.1 9.2 9.5 10.6 4.4 7.7  11.3 3.2 7.5 8.0 5.7 7.8 7.5 7.2 5.5 10.0  7.6 7.8 4.7 5.8 5.3 4.3 6.2 5.6 5.9 4.6  19.0 20.8 20.0 19.5 20.7 18.1 18.8 20.5 19.8 18.6  5.8 6.0 4.6 7.2 5.3 5.2 5.5 4.2 5.4 5.4  17.4 24.1 16.4 20.9 17.6 16.9 17.7 16.8 19.6 19.4  14.8 19.9 14.9 13.1 11.7 16.3 16.1 14.5 16.8 14.7  2.0 3.1 8.4 2.0 3.2 10.1 5.8 4.2 2.9 1.7  Maryland .................................................. Massachusetts........................................ Michigan .................................................. Minnesota .............................................. Mississippi ............................................... Missouri.................................................... Montana................................................... Nebraska ................................................. Nevada ..................................................... New Hampshire ......................................  2,430 3,053 4,267 2,241 1,076 2,471 381 787 572 589  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.2 98.7 97.0 93.3 95.0 95.5 89.2 90.4 98.6 98.2  68.5 79.1 77.1 72.6 69.9 75.5 57.2 67.3 79.7 79.0  7.5 4.4 4.0 3.9 4.3 4.0 3.3 3.1 7.1 6.1  10.3 19.7 25.0 16.6 21.4 18.1 6.2 12.8 5.8 24.2  5.4 13.2 18.8 10.0 12.1 10.0 3.9 6.1 3.5 17.1  4.9 6.5 6.2 6.6 9.2 8.1 2.3 6.7 2.3 7.2  5.1 4.6 3.9 4.6 5.0 7.5 5.9 6.1 6.4 4.5  17.1 17.9 20.6 19.4 18.5 19.4 19.0 20.2 16.8 18.7  5.6 7.3 5.1 6.8 4.3 5.4 4.0 6.3 5.0 6.2  22.9 25.1 18.4 21.1 15.0 20.9 17.8 18.7 36.0 19.2  23.4 12.7 13.7 13.6 16.5 12.9 20.3 14.8 11.5 10.5  1.8 .9 2.0 6.1 3.4 3.4 9.8 8.8 1.1 1.4  New Jersey ............................................. New Mexico ............................................ New York................................................. North Carolina......................................... North Dakota........................................... Ohio.......................................................... Oklahoma ................................................ Oregon..................................................... Pennsylvania........................................... Rhode Island........................... .................  3,826 651 8,238 3,272 317 5,118 1,438 1,391 5,592 504  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  98.5 94.6 97.8 96.5 86.4 97.2 95.4 95.7 98.0 99.0  78.5 62.0 73.8 75.6 58.1 77.7 66.5 70.0 79.0 80.6  4.8 4.5 4.7 5.3 4.0 4.0 3.1 3.2 5.1 4.2  18.8 8.2 15.4 27.2 5.0 23.8 14.2 17.3 20.9 24.1  8.6 5.0 8.3 11.5 2.0 16.2 8.8 11.6 12.0 17.3  10.2 3.2 7.1 15.7 2.9 7.7 5.4 5.7 8.9 6.9  7.0 4.8 5.3 4.9 4.2 5.0 5.3 5.7 5.3 3.6  18.0 18.7 16.8 18.0 19.6 19.6 18.2 20.1 18.8 19.8  7.7 4.6 8.3 4.5 4.6 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.7 6.5  22.1 18.9 23.1 15.5 19.5 19.9 17.7 18.5 22.7 22.2  14.1 21.5 17.3 14.1 19.4 13.4 18.2 14.8 12.1 12.1  .9 4.3 1.1 2.5 12.9 2.0 3.8 3.5 1.3 .5  South Carolina ........................................ South Dakota .......................................... Tennessee ............................................... Texas ....................................................... Utah.......................................................... Vermont ................................................... Virginia ..................................................... Washington.............................................. West Virginia ........................................... Wisconsin ................................................ Wyoming............................... ..................  1,615 346 2,247 7,859 752 296 3,023 2,300 701 2,497 224  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.0 84.0 96.7 96.2 97.5 96.3 96.6 96.7 97.3 95.0 92.4  73.9 58.2 76.6 72.7 69.9 71.3 70.4 69.8 73.4 73.9 60.1  5.6 3.0 5.2 5.1 3.4 6.8 5.5 4.2 5.6 4.6 4.2  26.4 9.1 25.3 14.7 14.8 18.1 14.1 16.2 16.0 23.4 4.0  9.4 4.8 12.2 8.1 9.9 13.3 7.0 12.3 7.9 13.1 1.7  17.1 4.3 13.1 6.6 4.9 4.8 7.1 3.9 8.2 10.3 2.4  4.4 3.3 5.2 5.7 5.9 3.3 5.3 4.5 7.0 4.2 7.4  18.0 19.1 18.0 20.3 19.1 17.7 18.7 19.8 20.2 18.8 18.0  4.2 4.5 4.4 5.6 4.9 4.4 5.6 5.6 4.0 4.8 3.4  15.2 18.2 18.1 19.0 21.2 20.7 20.5 19.4 15.5 18.1 14.9  14.9 16.5 12.9 15.5 19.1 13.1 20.1 17.6 16.3 14.3 22.9  2.1 14.9 2.6 2.7 2.0 2.9 2.1 2.5 1.3 4.4 6.4  993 127 895 572 7,727 847 914 183 150 3,163  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  94.7 99.2 95.1 91.3 95.1 96.9 98.7 96.8 99.2 96.3  72.9 61.3 73.2 68.6 72.6 74.3 79.7 80.3 64.2 75.4  8.5 6.2 9.0 7.0 8.5 7.0 9.8 9.7 7.1 11.3  27.8 4.2 15.3 23.0 20.0 16.5 27.8 27.1 3.6 13.7  16.3 2.3 12.4 12.9 14.3 11.2 22.0 8.8 1.0 9.4  11.4 1.9 2.9 10.0 5.7 5.3 5.8 18.3 2.6 4.4  6.1 8.6 5.3 8.3 5.3 9.4 5.3 6.4 6.0 6.9  16.1 17.5 20.3 17.6 17.7 19.5 16.1 17.6 10.9 20.8  2.2 2.4 4.5 2.8 4.8 4.5 7.2 5.5 7.4 5.4  11.1 15.3 17.4 9.4 16.0 16.0 13.4 13.8 29.2 17.0  12.8 24.4 12.3 11.4 11.4 13.4 10.9 11.4 27.8 11.9  4.9 .6 4.6 8.2 4.6 2.9 1.2 3.0 .4 3.5  Men  Alabama................................................... Alaska ...................................................... Arizona..................................................... Arkansas .................................................. California.................................................. Colorado .................................................. Connecticut ............................................. Delaware.................................................. District of Columbia................................ Florida ...................................................... See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  66  Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed1  Nonagricultural industries Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Trans­ portation, com­ Non­ munica­ tions, durable goods and pub­ lic utilities  Manufacturing Population group and State  Number (in thou­ Percent sands)  Total2 Total3  Con­ struction  Total  Durable goods  Trade  Finance, insur­ ance, and real estate  Ser­ vices4  Govern­ ment  Agricul­ ture  Men—Continued  Georgia .................................................... Hawaii ...................................................... Idaho ....................................................... Illinois ....................................................... Indiana ..................................................... Iowa.......................................................... Kansas ..................................................... Kentucky.................................................. Louisiana.................................................. Maine .......................................................  1,633 264 259 3,112 1,491 780 677 893 995 318  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.1 95.6 87.6 96.9 95.2 84.7 91.1 93.5 94.7 97.1  77.3 68.6 63.7 78.7 80.1 63.4 70.1 73.1 71.5 71.3  8.5 10.0 6.0 7.2 7.1 5.2 5.7 8.5 10.9 10.1  23.8 5.5 18.2 24.6 31.5 21.6 22.0 21.4 14.0 22.5  12.3 1.9 9.7 15.5 25.4 12.4 13.8 14.2 6.5 10.5  11.6 3.7 8.5 9.1 6.1 9.2 8.2 7.3 7.5 12.0  9.7 9.8 6.4 7.4 6.7 5.8 8.3 7.9 8.0 6.5  18.6 18.3 17.9 19.0 19.9 17.7 17.7 18.9 18.5 17.6  4.1 5.1 2.3 5.2 2.5 3.7 3.8 2.5 3.4 3.7  12.3 19.8 11.9 14.7 11.8 9.0 11.5 10.3 12.8 10.7  11.9 19.1 13.0 11.2 8.9 13.3 13.5 11.8 13.8 12.9  2.9 4.1 12.0 2.9 4.5 15.1 8.8 6.1 4.8 2.1  Maryland .................................................. Massachusetts........................................ Michigan .................................................. Minnesota................................................ Mississippi ............................................... Missouri.................................................... Montana................................................... Nebraska ................................................. Nevada..................................................... New Hampshire ......................................  1,295 1,608 2,368 1,235 591 1,325 209 422 318 327  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.4 98.7 97.1 91.2 94.3 94.4 86.5 85.7 98.6 98.3  70.1 79.0 79.6 72.9 71.4 74.6 56.3 64.5 80.5 78.9  12.3 7.4 6.4 6.4 7.0 6.9 5.2 4.9 11.6 9.6  12.9 24.7 34.0 21.6 23.5 21.6 8.9 16.4 7.5 27.9  8.1 17.3 26.9 13.7 15.2 14.1 5.9 8.3 4.6 19.7  4.8 7.3 7.1 7.9 8.2 7.5 3.0 8.1 3.0 8.2  6.9 5.7 5.2 5.8 7.3 10.3 7.8 7.9 7.6 5.4  17.8 17.2 18.1 19.1 18.6 17.3 18.0 19.4 16.1 17.9  3.2 5.5 3.2 5.0 2.1 3.5 2.3 4.3 3.7 4.2  17.0 18.4 12.5 14.6 10.6 14.8 12.2 11.4 30.1 13.6  21.3 11.4 10.7 10.9 12.3 12.1 17.3 11.8 9.6 8.8  2.5 1.2 2.7 8.7 5.1 5.0 13.3 14.1 1.3 1.5  New Jersey ............................................. New Mexico ............................................ New York................................................. North Carolina......................................... North Dakota........................................... Ohio.......................................................... Oklahoma ................................................ Oregon ..................................................... Pennsylvania ........................................... Rhode Island...........................................  2,100 357 4,508 1,776 174 2,792 784 770 3,089 278  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  98.7 93.4 98.4 96.0 79.9 97.0 94.5 95.0 98.0 99.2  79.1 63.9 74.6 76.9 54.2 78.5 67.2 70.3 78.4 79.6  8.0 7.4 7.8 9.0 6.2 6.6 5.1 5.1 8.5 7.1  22.0 10.9 17.7 29.3 6.6 31.4 18.3 22.5 26.6 27.2  10.6 7.1 10.7 14.5 2.7 22.3 12.3 15.8 17.3 19.2  11.3 3.8 7.1 14.8 3.9 9.1 6.1 6.7 9.3 8.0  8.8 6.5 6.9 6.5 6.1 6.5 7.4 7.0 7.0 4.8  17.8 17.0 17.7 17.3 19.8 17.6 17.4 19.9 16.7 19.5  6.0 3.4 7.1 3.3 3.3 3.4 2.9 3.3 3.6 4.5  16.5 14.8 17.2 11.3 10.3 12.6 12.6 12.2 15.2 16.4  12.3 18.2 15.4 10.6 16.2 11.5 15.6 12.8 11.2 11.7  1.2 6.2 1.5 3.8 19.8 2.8 5.4 4.9 1.8 .6  South Carolina........................................ South Dakota.......................................... Tennessee ............................................... Texas ....................................................... Utah.......................................................... Vermont ................................................... Virginia ..................................................... Washington.............................................. West Virginia........................................... Wisconsin ................................................ Wyoming..................................................  879 188 1,222 4,384 422 159 1,624 1,258 403 1,354 125  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  96.6 78.1 95.7 95.8 96.6 96.1 96.7 96.2 97.7 94.2 91.2  75.5 53.2 74.4 74.3 70.7 71.9 71.6 71.0 77.5 73.7 62.3  9.5 4.9 8.6 8.4 5.5 11.7 9.5 6.5 9.2 7.5 7.0  30.1 11.3 26.4 18.5 18.4 21.8 17.2 22.3 20.7 30.0 5.4  11.7 5.6 15.3 10.7 12.9 17.2 10.1 17.2 11.1 17.4 2.6  18.4 5.7 11.1 7.8 5.5 4.6 7.2 5.1 9.6 12.6 2.7  6.4 5.2 7.6 7.0 8.0 4.5 6.9 5.1 10.2 5.6 10.0  16.2 18.3 17.2 19.8 18.2 17.2 16.8 18.3 17.4 16.2 14.9  2.7 3.4 2.6 3.4 3.0 2.9 4.6 4.2 2.3 2.9 2.1  10.4 8.7 11.6 14.0 16.5 13.4 15.3 14.3 9.7 11.2 10.0  11.1 14.9 11.6 12.1 18.2 11.2 18.4 15.7 12.3 12.8 19.2  3.3 21.8 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.8 3.0 3.5 1.9 5.7 8.6  Alabama................................................... Alaska ...................................................... Arizona..................................................... Arkansas .................................................. California.................................................. Colorado .................................................. Connecticut ............................................. Delaware.................................................. District of Columbia................................ Florida......................................................  780 109 722 480 6,054 750 782 167 149 2,682  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  96.5 97.9 97.4 95.3 96.4 97.4 99.0 98.1 96.7 96.8  72.5 57.8 70.2 70.5 71.1 71.2 82.5 78.8 56.9 74.8  .5 1.4 .9 .6 1.1 .8 .8 1.5 .7 1.4  18.0 2.5 8.4 19.5 13.0 9.8 16.0 14.6 2.7 8.1  7.6 .3 6.3 6.7 7.2 6.0 10.9 2.5 .4 4.1  10.4 2.2 2.2 12.8 5.8 3.8 5.1 12.1 2.3 4.0  2.9 4.9 3.2 2.3 3.3 4.8 3.0 2.0 3.5 4.1  21.6 17.3 19.1 20.2 17.6 19.6 17.0 20.1 9.2 22.3  5.8 6.6 11.8 5.8 9.5 9.0 12.0 11.7 6.3 10.3  23.6 23.5 26.5 22.1 26.5 26.2 33.6 28.8 34.5 28.5  19.0 29.5 18.8 17.3 17.1 18.0 12.1 15.6 34.8 16.3  1.0 .7 1.1 2.9 1.5 1.0 .3 .7 .1 1.1  Georgia .................................................... Hawaii ...................................................... Idaho ........................................................ Illinois ....................................................... Indiana ..................................................... Iowa.......................................................... Kansas ..................................................... Kentucky.................................................. Louisiana.................................................. Maine .......................................................  1,385 248 205 2,544 1,253 668 556 741 754 273  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  96.4 97.2 94.3 97.6 96.9 94.1 96.0 95.7 96.2 97.0  73.1 70.2 66.2 77.2 75.6 66.9 68.3 70.9 68.4 72.2  1.5 1.8 1.2 .8 .4 .8 .9 .9 1.5 1.2  15.6 3.7 10.5 14.1 16.8 11.7 10.8 13.4 4.5 12.3  4.6 .9 4.2 7.5 11.5 5.5 4.3 6.4 1.7 4.5  11.0 2.8 6.4 6.7 5.3 6.2 6.5 7.1 2.8 7.8  5.1 5.6 2.4 3.9 3.6 2.5 3.6 2.8 3.1 2.3  19.5 23.4 22.6 20.2 21.7 18.6 20.1 22.5 21.5 19.7  7.9 6.9 7.4 9.6 8.5 7.0 7.5 6.3 8.2 7.2  23.5 28.8 22.0 28.6 24.5 26.2 25.3 24.7 28.6 29.5  18.2 20.7 17.3 15.5 14.9 19.8 19.1 17.8 20.8 16.8  1.0 2.1 3.8 .9 1.7 4.3 2.3 2.0 .4 1.3  Women  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  67  Table 17, States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total eniployed1  Nonagricultural industries Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing  Population group and State  Number (in thou­ Percent sands)  Total2 Total3  Con­ struction  Total  Durable goods  Trans-  tion, com­ Non­ munica­ durable tions, goods and pub­ lic utilities  Trade  Finance, insur­ ance, and real estate  Ser­ vices4  Govern­ ment  Agricul­ ture  Women—Continued  Maryland .................................................. Massachusetts........................................ Michigan .................................................. Minnesota................................................ Mississippi ............................................... Missouri.................................................... Montana................................................... Nebraska ................................................. Nevada ..................................................... New Hampshire ......................................  1,135 1,445 1,899 1,006 485 1,146 172 365 254 262  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.0 98.7 96.9 95.9 95.8 96.8 92.5 95.8 98.7 98.0  66.7 79.2 74.1 72.3 68.0 76.5 58.4 70.5 78.6 79.2  1.9 1.1 .9 .9 .9 .8 .9 1.1 1.5 1.7  7.3 14.1 13.7 10.5 18.8 14.1 2.8 8.7 3.6 19.6  2.3 8.6 8.6 5.6 8.4 5.3 1.4 3.7 2.1 13.8  5.1 5.5 5.2 4.9 10.5 8.8 1.4 5.0 1.5 5.9  3.1 3.4 2.4 3.1 2.3 4.2 3.6 3.9 4.9 3.2  16.2 18.8 23.8 19.7 18.3 21.9 20.2 21.1 17.8 19.6  8.3 9.3 7.4 9.0 6.9 7.6 6.1 8.5 6.6 8.8  29.7 32.5 25.8 29.1 20.4 27.9 24.6 27.1 43.4 26.2  25.7 14.1 17.3 17.0 21.5 13.8 23.9 18.3 14.0 12.5  1.0 .5 1.2 2.9 1.3 1.5 5.6 2.7 .8 1.3  New Jersey ............................................. New Mexico ............................................ New York................................................. North Carolina......................................... North Dakota........................................... Ohio.......................................................... Oklahoma ............................................... Oregon ..................................................... Pennsylvania ........................................... Rhode Island ..........................................  1,726 295 3,730 1,497 143 2,327 654 621 2,504 226  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  98.3 96.1 97.1 97.1 94.2 97.4 96.3 96.7 97.9 98.6  77.8 59.8 72.8 74.2 62.7 76.8 65.8 69.5 79.7 81.8  1.0 .9 1.1 .9 1.2 .9 .6 .8 .9 .6  15.0 4.9 12.6 24.9 3.0 14.8 9.3 10.9 13.9 20.4  6.2 2.4 5.5 8.0 1.2 8.8 4.7 6.3 5.5 14.9  8.9 2.5 7.0 16.9 1.8 6.0 4.6 4.5 8.4 5.5  4.7 2.7 3.4 3.0 2.0 3.3 2.8 4.1 3.1 2.3  18.2 20.9 15.7 18.8 19.5 22.0 19.2 20.3 21.4 20.1  9.9 6.0 9.8 6.0 6.0 7.2 7.6 7.3 8.3 9.1  29.0 23.7 30.3 20.6 30.7 28.6 23.9 26.2 31.9 29.3  16.3 25.6 19.6 18.3 23.3 15.6 21.2 17.2 13.2 12.6  .6 2.1 .7 .9 4.5 1.1 1.9 1.7 .8 .4  South Carolina ........................................ South Dakota.......................................... Tennessee ............................................... Texas ...................................................... Utah....................................................... Vermont ................................................... Virginia ..................................................... Washington..................................... West Virginia ........................................... Wisconsin ................................................ Wyoming.................................................  736 158 1,025 3,476 330 137 1,398 1,042 298 1,144 98  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.5 91.1 98.0 96.7 98.7 96.6 96.5 97.3 96.7 96.0 93.9  72.1 64.2 79.1 70.7 68.9 70.6 69.0 68.4 67.7 74.2 57.3  .9 .6 1.1 1.0 .7 1.1 .9 1.5 .7 1.1 .7  22.1 6.6 24.0 10.0 10.2 13.8 10.5 8.8 9.7 15.6 2.4  6.5 3.8 8.5 5.0 6.1 8.7 3.5 6.3 3.5 7.9 .5  15.5 2.8 15.5 5.0 4.2 5.2 7.0 2.5 6.2 7.7 1.9  2.0 1.1 2.4 4.2 3.2 2.0 3.3 3.7 2.8 2.4 4.2  20.0 20.2 19.0 20.8 20.2 18.3 20.8 21.7 23.9 21.8 21.8  6.0 5.9 6.6 8.2 7.4 6.2 6.8 7.3 6.3 7.0 4.9  21.0 29.3 26.0 25.3 27.1 29.2 26.5 25.5 23.4 26.2 21.2  19.5 18.4 14.4 19.7 20.2 15.4 22.2 20.0 21.8 16.1 27.6  .7 6.8 .8 1.2 .4 1.9 1.1 1.3 .6 2.8 3.7  1,426 196 1,525 921 11,630 1,491 1,564 291 116 4,934  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  95.9 98.8 96.0 93.2 95.3 96.9 98.9 97.3 98.3 97.0  73.0 60.8 72.1 69.2 71.8 72.6 80.5 80.3 66.6 76.3  5.2 4.2 5.4 4.3 5.8 4.2 6.0 6.2 3.0 7.0  22.6 3.4 12.2 20.5 16.8 13.0 21.8 19.5 4.6 11.2  12.4 1.4 9.7 10.0 11.2 8.6 16.6 5.8 .8 7.1  10.2 2.0 2.5 10.5 5.7 4.4 5.3 13.7 3.8 4.2  4.8 7.4 4.4 5.6 4.3 7.3 4.1 4.7 2.8 5.5  18.9 17.4 19.4 18.9 17.6 19.7 17.1 20.4 8.9 21.7  4.3 4.6 8.1 4.6 6.7 6.7 9.3 8.9 8.2 8.1  16.7 19.2 21.6 15.0 20.3 20.5 22.2 20.5 39.1 22.5  14.2 25.3 14.7 13.5 13.1 15.4 11.6 12.4 22.4 12.7  3.4 .8 3.1 6.0 3.7 2.1 .8 2.0 .2 2.3  Georgia ...................... Hawaii ........................................ Idaho ................................................. Illinois........................ Indiana .................................. Iowa...................................... Kansas ...................... Kentucky..................... Louisiana...................... Maine ...................  2,116 153 455 4,868 2,532 1,408 1,142 1,544 1,336 584  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.3 96.3 90.6 96.9 95.8 88.8 92.9 94.6 96.3 97.0  77.0 66.9 64.9 78.6 77.7 65.1 69.0 72.3 71.6 71.6  5.9 7.1 3.9 4.7 4.1 3.2 3.6 5.2 7.8 6.0  18.4 3.6 14.8 20.2 25.0 16.9 16.6 17.9 9.7 17.8  8.8 1.7 7.3 12.1 19.4 9.3 9.3 10.8 4.1 7.8  9.6 1.9 7.5 8.1 5.6 7.6 7.3 7.1 5.6 10.0  8.3 6.5 4.7 5.6 5.2 4.3 6.0 5.5 6.1 4.6  20.3 17.8 19.9 20.0 21.1 18.2 18.8 20.7 19.9 18.4  6.8 7.2 4.6 7.3 5.1 5.2 5.6 4.1 6.0 5.3  17.1 24.6 16.4 20.3 16.8 17.0 17.8 16.7 19.0 19.5  12.3 16.6 14.7 11.9 11.5 15.9 15.6 14.3 14.8 14.8  2.2 3.0 8.4 2.3 3.4 10.4 6.2 4.4 2.9 1.8  Maryland ...................... Massachusetts................ Michigan ..................... Minnesota...................... Mississippi ............................................... Missouri.................................................... Montana...................................................  1,802 2,885 3,770 2,181 766 2,198 365 757 509 580  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.2 98.6 96.8 93.1 96.4 95.3 89.0 90.0 98.6 98.1  70.7 79.0 77.5 72.4 70.2 75.7 57.9 66.9 79.4 79.0  8.2 4.5 4.2 4.0 4.3 4.5 3.2 3.2 7.6 6.1  11.0 19.5 24.9 16.3 19.1 18.3 6.1 12.5 6.1 24.2  6.2 13.1 18.6 9.8 11.2 10.2 3.8 6.2 3.7 17.0  4.8 6.5 6.4 6.5 7.9 8.1 2.3 6.4 2.4 7.1  4.7 4.6 4.0 4.5 5.4 7.4 6.1 6.2 6.4 4.5  17.5 18.2 21.2 19.6 19.1 19.8 19.4 20.2 17.5 18.7  6.0 7.3 5.1 6.6 5.3 5.5 4.1 6.2 5.2 6.2  23.2 24.7 18.0 21.1 15.3 20.1 17.8 18.5 33.8 19.1  20.3 12.5 12.7 13.6 15.7 12.0 19.2 14.6 11.6 10.6  2.1 .9 2.3 6.2 3.0 3.7 10.0 9.2 1.2 1.5  White  Alabama................................................... Alaska ...................................................... Arizona..................................................... Arkansas .................................................. California.................................................. Colorado .................................................. Connecticut .......................................... Delaware................................... District of Columbia................................ Florida ...........................................  Nevada ..................................................... New Hampshire .......................... See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  68  Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued Nonagricultural industries  Total employed1  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Trans­ porta­ tion, com­ munica­ Non­ durable tions, goods and pub­ lic utilities  Manufacturing Population group and State  Number (in thou­ Percent sands)  Total2 Total3  Con­ struction  Total  Durable goods  Trade  Finance, insur­ ance, and real estate  Ser­ vices4  Govern­ ment  Agricul­ ture  White—Continued  3,252 595 6,889 2,588 308 4,636 1,275 1,333 5,106 477  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  98.5 94.4 97.8 97.1 86.1 97.0 95.3 95.5 97.9 99.0  79.0 62.8 74.1 76.1 58.3 78.2 66.7 69.6 79.7 80.7  5.2 4.6 4.9 5.6 3.9 4.2 3.1 3.3 5.3 4.3  18.9 8.3 15.7 26.1 5.0 24.1 13.7 16.7 21.6 24.1  8.5 5.0 8.8 11.7 2.0 16.3 8.6 11.1 12.5 17.1  10.3 3.3 7.0 14.5 3.0 7.7 5.1 5.6 9.1 7.0  7.0 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.3 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.2 3.6  18.2 19.3 17.7 18.6 19.5 19.9 18.1 20.0 19.3 20.0  7.8 4.5 8.2 5.1 4.6 5.2 5.5 5.2 5.6 6.7  21.9 18.9 22.1 15.4 19.7 19.4 18.0 18.6 22.1 21.9  13.4 20.6 16.5 13.4 18.9 12.5 17.3 14.7 11.2 11.8  1.1 4.5 1.3 2.4 13.2 2.2 3.9 3.6 1.4 .5  1,185 328 1,895 6,824 731 295 2,420 2,154 673 2,405 220  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  98.1 83.5 96.6 96.1 97.5 96.3 96.6 96.7 97.3 94.9 92.3  75.3 59.2 76.3 72.9 70.0 71.3 70.6 69.8 73.5 73.9 59.8  6.1 2.9 5.4 5.4 3.4 6.8 6.1 4.4 5.6 4.7 4.2  23.8 9.3 26.3 14.9 14.6 18.0 12.8 16.4 16.1 23.4 4.1  8.7 4.8 12.6 8.2 9.7 13.2 6.7 12.5 8.0 12.9 1.7  15.1 4.5 13.7 6.7 5.0 4.9 6.0 3.8 8.1 10.5 2.4  4.7 3.4 4.5 5.5 6.0 3.3 5.1 4.4 6.9 4.1 7.4  19.3 19.5 18.1 20.3 19.2 17.8 18.9 19.8 20.5 18.9 17.7  5.1 4.7 4.6 5.8 5.0 4.4 6.1 5.8 4.1 4.7 3.4  16.2 18.3 17.0 18.6 21.2 20.7 20.8 18.9 15.1 18.0 14.8  13.2 14.7 12.0 14.5 19.1 13.1 19.4 17.5 15.9 14.2 23.1  1.7 15.5 3.0 3.0 2.0 2.9 2.4 2.5 1.4 4.5 6.4  340 7 114 823 63 110 55 176 799  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  93.6 99.1 91.9 98.4 99.7 98.6 97.7 97.7 93.8  71.2 60.2 68.9 69.6 76.5 87.1 75.1 56.3 68.1  4.2 2.6 2.1 3.1 2.0 1.6 3.8 4.6 5.5  27.0 1.7 24.3 13.6 14.4 26.7 29.6 2.2 10.5  12.6 (5) 11.8 9.0 10.0 18.9 6.3 .7 6.0  14.4 1.7 12.5 4.6 4.4 7.8 23.3 1.6 4.5  4.2 4.0 4.6 7.8 8.7 8.1 2.7 6.2 6.4  17.2 16.3 19.0 15.7 13.5 11.5 10.5 10.3 19.1  1.7 5.7 1.0 5.8 7.2 11.3 6.3 5.9 5.1  16.1 26.3 17.5 23.4 29.9 27.9 22.2 27.1 21.1  20.8 35.3 20.8 23.8 19.7 9.6 19.2 37.4 21.8  2.4 .3 4.7 .3 .3 .2 1.3 .3  865 652 196 64 82 397  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  95.2 98.9 97.8 98.2 92.2 91.9  71.3 72.8 82.9 78.3 71.2 64.9  3.6 2.0 3.6 2.5 4.2 3.7  24.0 16.9 23.7 23.3 18.0 10.2  8.4 9.6 15.9 13.6 9.3 5.6  15.6 7.3 7.9 9.7 8.7 4.7  6.3 7.7 6.0 10.5 6.8 5.3  15.4 16.1 16.1 20.9 16.6 19.3  3.6 6.2 7.2 3.9 6.4 3.7  18.4 23.9 26.3 16.0 19.3 21.9  21.0 22.9 12.9 17.6 14.5 23.5  1.6 .3 .9 1.1 1.9 3.0  Nevada.....................................................  572 97 427 305 237 22 38  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.3 99.3 98.5 91.5 97.7 99.5 99.3  60.7 75.7 73.7 68.8 72.4 80.7 84.6  5.2 4.1 1.5 4.1 .5 .2 4.1  8.3 16.5 25.5 27.1 16.6 20.6 1.1  2.7 10.2 20.4 14.6 7.6 5.3 .6  5.6 6.4 5.1 12.5 9.0 15.3 .6  6.5 6.3 4.1 4.3 8.8 4.4 8.7  15.9 9.0 15.5 16.9 16.4 18.2 9.0  4.3 8.5 5.5 1.8 5.7 11.2 3.2  20.6 31.3 21.5 14.1 24.2 26.2 58.1  34.0 20.6 21.3 18.6 21.3 16.2 12.1  1.1 .5 .3 4.4 .7 t6) .7  Rhode Island...........................................  430 1,010 632 447 66 416 18  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  98.5 97.7 94.3 98.8 94.6 98.3 98.4  74.3 69.6 73.7 73.5 67.9 70.6 81.6  2.7 3.9 3.9 1.8 1.5 3.1 2.7  18.1 10.7 30.8 22.4 15.5 13.3 21.4  8.3 5.3 10.3 15.0 9.1 6.9 17.8  9.8 5.4 20.6 7.4 6.4 6.4 3.6  7.5 5.7 4.5 4.6 6.8 6.2 5.9  15.9 11.2 15.8 16.7 24.3 13.7 10.9  7.5 9.0 2.5 4.4 1.5 6.5 3.3  22.7 29.1 16.1 23.5 17.4 27.8 3/.5  21.3 25.2 17.5 22.4 23.4 24.1 14.8  .3 .3 2.6 .1 1.9 .2 .2  New Jersey .............................................  Oregon ..................................................... Rhode Island............................................  Virginia ............................................ ........ Washington.............................................. West Virginia........................................... Wyoming .................................................. Black  Florida ................................... .... .............. Georgia .................................... ...............  Kentucky.................................................. Louisiana..................................................  Michigan ..................................................  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  69  Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed1  Nonagricultural industries  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing Population group and State  Number (in thou­ Percent sands)  Total12 Total3  Con­ struction  Total  Durable goods  Trans­ portation, com­ Non­ munica­ durable tions, goods and pub­ lic utilities  Trade  Finance, insur­ ance, and real estate  Ser­ vices4 5  Govern­ ment  Agricul­ ture  Black—Continued  South Carolina........................................ Tennessee .............................................. Texas ...................................................... Virginia .................................................... West Virginia ........................................... Wisconsin ................................................  418 339 890 512 24 64  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  93.8 97.5 96.7 96.6 97.7 99.3  70.0 77.3 70.7 68.6 69.6 78.2  4.1 3.8 3.1 3.2 3.2 .8  33.9 20.8 13.0 21.3 15.9 24.1  11.1 10.7 7.5 9.0 6.2 19.2  22.7 10.1 5.5 12.3 9.7 4.8  3.5 9.1 7.9 6.2 12.9 6.6  14.1 17.6 20.4 15.7 10.5 13.5  1.6 2.9 4.4 3.2 1.6 10.4  12.6 23.0 20.9 18.7 24.0 22.9  19.9 18.4 22.7 24.8 26.2 15.0  3.3 .4 .8 1.3 .2 .4  Arizona.................................................... California................................................. Colorado ................................................. Connecticut ............................................ District of Columbia................................ Florida..................................................... Idaho ....................................................... Illinois ...................................................... Kansas .................................................... Massachusetts........................................ Michigan ................................................. Nevada ....................................................  290 3,109 150 80 17 744 28 397 25 72 51 47  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  89.0 89.6 95.3 97.4 92.6 96.1 73.6 97.8 97.1 98.0 94.7 98.2  66.9 75.3 70.5 84.0 77.2 79.0 59.9 90.6 76.3 84.2 70.9 88.3  6.2 6.6 3.9 4.3 8.6 6.0 1.5 4.2 .9 6.2 3.0 9.3  10.5 23.7 16.3 31.2 .3 14.1 29.2 39.3 15.9 31.9 28.1 7.0  8.2 13.7 8.7 19.4 R 6.6 6.5 23.5 7.5 16.6 22.9 3.6  2.3 10.0 7.6 11.8 .3 7.5 22.7 15.7 8.5 15.3 5.3 3.4  3.0 3.4 6.2 4.4 1.7 6.6 8.7 4.0 10.1 1.9 4.0 4.9  22.1 20.3 21.2 11.3 21.4 22.2 11.4 20.6 22.5 15.9 17.2 12.6  4.5 3.9 4.3 6.1 10.4 6.7 2.1 6.6 2.2 4.0 5.2 2.8  19.7 17.4 18.3 26.7 34.8 23.4 7.0 16.0 24.6 24.3 12.9 47.5  17.6 8.5 21.0 11.4 11.7 8.6 8.9 4.8 12.3 9.5 19.8 5.9  9.7 8.2 3.4 1.2 .3 2.5 26.0 1.8 1.5 .6 4.5 1.8  New Jersey ............................................. New Mexico ........................................... New York................................................ North Carolina......................................... Ohio......................................................... Pennsylvania ........................................... Rhode Island.......................................... Texas ...................................................... Utah......................................................... Wyoming .................................................  283 213 772 27 51 74 16 1,680 27 11  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  97.6 94.3 96.3 85.5 99.0 98.0 99.0 94.0 98.0 93.8  85.3 63.9 77.6 72.7 79.2 83.3 91.1 74.1 77.6 66.1  3.4 6.2 3.5 6.8 3.7 5.4 2.8 7.4 3.5 5.5  33.0 10.3 21.1 35.5 32.5 29.1 60.2 16.8 23.2 7.6  13.2 6.4 8.8 20.2 24.5 11.1 41.3 7.8 17.7 2.9  19.8 4.0 12.3 15.3 8.0 18.0 18.9 9.0 5.5 4.7  6.5 4.8 5.6 1.5 2.1 5.3 3.0 5.0 5.4 11.2  18.4 21.3 17.7 16.0 18.2 14.2 8.8 23.9 20.0 15.5  6.1 3.5 8.1 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.0 4.0 3.3 3.9  17.7 16.7 21.6 10.4 20.0 26.5 13.3 15.8 22.0 13.2  8.1 22.9 12.8 8.5 13.8 11.3 6.1 13.6 14.3 22.4  .5 4.0 .8 14.5 1.0 .9 1.0 4.0 2.0 5.4  Hispanic origin  1 Includes private household workers, self-employed and unpaid family workers, and mining. 2 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining. 3 Includes mining. 4 Excludes private household workers. 5 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­ ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  70  Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands) Average hours  Hours of work  Population group and State  Total at work  35 hours and over 1 to 14 hours  15 to 29 hours  30 to 34 hours Total  35 to 39 hours  40 hours  41 to 48 hours  49 hours and over  Total  Full-time sched­ ules1  TOTAL Alabama ................. Alaska ..................... Arizona.................... Arkansas ................. California ................ Colorado................. Connecticut............ Delaware ................ District of Columbia Florida....................  1,689 220 1,535 1,000 13,078 1,523 1,597 333 286 5,561  69 13 66 44 531 68 73 12 8 194  184 25 178 122 1,509 179 197 32 25 605  116 17 107 75 979 123 100 21 25 368  1,320 165 1,184 759 10,058 1,152 1,228 269 228 4,394  90 17 69 56 628 87 154 30 15 340  760 73 610 383 5,729 591 628 137 131 2,274  172 20 165 110 1,241 162 160 38 26 591  297 54 340 211 2,460 313 286 64 56 1,189  39.6 41.1 40.3 40.0 39.4 39.6 38.8 40.4 40.3 40.4  46.4 49.7 47.2 47.7 46.3 47.2 45.8 46.7 47.5 46.7  Georgia................... Hawaii .................... Idaho...................... Illinois...................... Indiana.................... Iowa ....................... Kansas .................... Kentucky................. Louisiana................ Maine .....................  2,848 484 441 5,357 2,587 1,375 1,171 1,543 1,643 556  96 19 32 254 124 96 68 83 82 36  297 54 57 613 292 175 133 191 176 72  193 32 35 346 168 105 75 122 104 41  2,262 380 318 4,145 2,003 999 896 1,147 1,280 407  176 21 28 341 156 87 62 122 94 40  1,230 240 138 2,234 987 421 422 551 679 192  308 33 49 541 304 159 133 163 163 67  547 86 102 1,029 556 332 279 310 344 109  40.0 39.4 39.7 39.4 39.9 39.8 40.3 39.3 40.3 38.6  46.3 46.0 49.2 46.2 46.7 49.1 47.9 47.4 47.1 47.1  Maryland................. Massachusetts....... Michigan ................. Minnesota............... Mississippi .............. Missouri .................. Montana ................ Nebraska................ Nevada ................... New Hampshire.....  2,307 2,873 4,026 2,129 1,013 2,346 362 751 546 557  102 144 228 139 49 108 27 41 14 28  250 371 515 311 111 271 49 93 48 61  180 225 297 177 72 171 31 53 38 36  1,775 2,133 2,985 1,502 780 1,797 255 563 447 432  151 219 204 117 63 144 20 44 21 36  906 1,098 1,437 694 410 903 119 242 279 206  257 289 490 258 109 266 35 83 52 69  461 526 854 434 199 483 80 194 94 122  39.7 38.6 39.3 38.7 39.9 40.1 39.4 40.7 40.3 40.1  47.4 46.7 47.5 48.4 47.2 47.4 49.5 48.8 45.3 47.2  New Jersey............ New Mexico ........... New York ............... North Carolina ....... North Dakota ......... Ohio ........................ Oklahoma............... Oregon .................... Pennsylvania......... . Rhode Island .........  3,621 617 7,797 3,113 302 4,817 1,370 1,311 5,284 471  146 34 312 126 22 247 68 80 276 21  387 83 902 338 41 603 157 150 669 69  197 55 433 215 25 335 88 99 353 38  2,890 445 6,151 2,434 213 3,632 1,057 982 3,986 344  370 37 1,013 204 17 257 80 70 385 37  1,525 235 3,151 1,271 90 1,805 551 456 2,151 179  347 58 704 380 29 592 139 158 545 52  649 116 1,282 579 77 978 288 296 905 76  39.4 38.7 38.9 39.7 40.2 39.5 40.0 40.0 38.7 38.2  45.4 47.3 45.2 46.8 50.4 47.1 47.1 48.1 46.3 46.5  South Carolina....... South Dakota......... Tennessee ............. Texas..................... Utah ..... .... ............. Vermont................. Virginia .................... Washington ............ West Virginia.......... Wisconsin............... Wyoming................  1,537 332 2,137 7,459 719 282 2,865 2,174 658 2,381 212  63 24 97 336 48 17 135 128 32 148 15  155 43 235 871 102 34 316 271 81 319 27  95 23 170 506 54 18 207 168 47 174 16  1,223 242 1,636 5,747 515 213 2,207 1,608 499 1,740 154  109 20 145 413 39 18 185 118 47 136 11  671 91 882 2,846 253 104 1,062 813 284 787 68  172 36 233 871 74 34 328 235 59 311 23  272 96 376 1,617 148 57 632 442 109 505 53  39.7 41.3 39.3 40.1 38.7 39.4 40.1 39.1 39.0 39.4 40.5  45.7 50.8 46.7 47.5 47.8 47.2 48.1 47.5 46.3 47.9 50.0  Alabama ................................... Alaska....................................... Arizona...................................... Arkansas ................................... California .................................. Colorado................................... Connecticut.............................. Delaware .................................. District of Columbia................. Florida.......................................  953 119 856 548 7,388 815 871 176 143 3,025  30 5 23 17 200 26 22 4 3 80  72 10 76 47 592 67 61 11 11 226  51 7 44 31 432 49 34 8 11 153  800 96 714 453 6,165 672 755 153 119 2,567  30 7 27 20 283 35 56 9 7 123  420 39 337 202 3,266 322 367 74 64 1,195  114 12 99 66 787 91 104 23 15 355  235 39 250 165 1,829 224 227 47 34 894  42.3 44.5 43.1 43.3 41.9 42.2 42.4 43.4 41.8 43.2  47.8 51.5 48.5 49.5 47.1 48.2 46.9 48.1 48.1 48.0  Georgia..................................... Hawaii ....................................... Idaho........................................ Illinois....................................... Indiana..................................... Iowa .......................................... Kansas.....................................  1,554 251 248 2,964 1,413 745 647  35 6 12 90 45 38 24  111 21 21 221 106 62 50  77 14 13 132 65 38 31  1,331 211 202 2,521 1,197 607 542  58 7 11 118 52 34 23  652 127 81 1,267 550 221 225  195 20 31 352 190 98 84  426 57 79 784 406 253 211  42.9 41.6 43.5 42.4 42.9 43.9 43.8  47.6 46.9 50.5 47.3 48.0 50.9 49.4  Men  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  71  Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Hours of work  Population group and State  Total at work  Average hours 35 hours and over  1 to 14 hours  15 to 29 hours  Full-time  30 to 34 hours  Total Total  35 to 39 hours  40 hours  41 to 48 hours  ules’  49 hours and over  Men—Continued  Kentucky............................................. Louisiana ............................................ Maine ..................................................  846 942 301  40 33 13  71 71 23  47 42 15  689 797 250  46 35 11  300 381 108  103 103 45  239 277 86  42.3 43.5 42.4  48.9 48.8 48.5  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  1,241 1,523 2,251 1,184 562 1,260 199 406 306 310  35 44 77 53 21 49 10 12 5 9  89 110 178 114 47 101 18 30 20 18  75 83 109 75 32 68 13 21 16 15  1,042 1,286 1,886 941 463 1,043 157 343 265 267  52 67 70 44 21 48 7 14 10 12  481 627 820 394 217 493 67 122 151 117  164 189 323 167 69 155 22 51 32 45  346 404 674 336 155 346 62 155 71 94  42.8 42.3 43.0 42.4 42.8 42.7 43.2 45.3 42.3 43.5  48.6 47.8 48.6 49.7 49.0 48.7 50.9 51.0 46.2 48.5  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  2,005 341 4,298 1,705 167 2,644 753 728 2,940 260  46 12 104 54 10 81 26 30 95 8  132 33 287 140 13 207 62 51 210 24  80 22 182 90 9 130 32 42 150 15  1,747 274 3,726 1,422 134 2,227 633 605 2,484 213  120 16 377 78 6 88 29 31 121 12  883 132 1,915 673 47 1,004 293 252 1,276 106  233 37 476 230 18 374 89 99 369 35  512 89 958 442 63 761 222 223 718 60  42.5 41.8 41.8 42.1 45.1 43.1 43.2 43.3 42.0 41.4  46.8 48.4 46.1 47.9 52.8 48.4 48.6 49.4 47.4 47.6  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  844 181 1,167 4,192 407 152 1,551 1,195 380 1,298 119  25 8 44 151 17 6 51 47 13 47 5  61 14 100 379 40 11 119 100 32 107 9  43 9 80 227 21 7 82 65 20 66 6  715 150 942 3,434 329 129 1,300 983 315 1,078 99  36 7 40 179 18 5 68 44 14 45 4  361 47 478 1,524 148 57 557 461 174 455 40  112 21 136 531 48 23 201 149 41 190 15  208 76 288 1,200 115 44 474 328 87 389 41  42.3 46.6 41.6 42.5 42.2 43.1 43.3 42.2 41.8 43.4 44.8  47.2 53.2 48.2 48.8 48.8 48.6 49.5 48.3 47.4 49.4 51.4  Alabama ............................................. Alaska ................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida.................................................  736 101 679 452 5,690 708 725 157 143 2,536  39 7 43 28 331 42 50 8 6 114  112 15 102 75 917 112 136 21 14 379  65 10 64 44 547 74 66 13 14 215  520 68 471 305 3,894 480 473 115 109 1,827  60 10 41 36 345 52 98 21 9 217  340 35 273 180 2,463 269 260 63 67 1,079  58 8 66 43 454 70 56 14 11 236  62 16 90 45 631 89 59 17 22 294  36.2 37.1 36.7 35.9 36.3 36.5 34.5 37.1 38.8 37.1  44.2 47.2 45.3 45.1 45.2 45.9 43.9 44.9 46.8 44.8  Georgia............................................... Hawaii................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana............................................... Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky.............................. .............. Louisiana ........................................... Maine.........................................  1,294 232 193 2,393 1,173 631 524 697 701 255  60 13 20 164 80 58 44 43 50 24  187 33 36 392 186 113 83 120 105 49  116 18 22 213 103 68 43 76 62 26  931 169 115 1,624 805 392 354 458 484 157  119 13 17 223 104 52 39 76 59 28  578 113 57 967 437 200 197 251 298 83  113 13 18 189 113 60 49 60 60 22  121 29 23 246 150 79 69 71 67 23  36.5 37.1 34.7 35.7 36.3 35.1 35.9 35.6 35.9 34.0  44.3 44.8 47.1 44.5 44.7 46.3 45.5 45.0 44.1 44.9  Maryland...................................... Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi.......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada .............................................. New Hampshire.................................  1,066 1,349 1,775 946 450 1,086 163 344 240 247  67 99 151 85 28 59 17 29 9 19  162 261 338 197 65 169 30 63 28 42  106 142 188 102 40 104 18 32 22 21  732 846 1,099 561 318 754 97 220 182 165  99 152 135 72 41 96 12 29 11 24  425 472 617 300 193 410 53 120 128 89  93 101 167 90 40 111 13 32 20 24  116 122 180 98 43 137 19 40 23 28  36.1 34.5 34.7 34.1 36.3 37.0 34.7 35.3 37.8 35.8  45.7 45.0 45.5 46.3 44.5 45.6 47.3 45.3 44.0 45.2  New Jersey ........................................ New Mexico .......................................  1,616 276  99 21  256 50  117 33  1,143 172  250 21  642 102  114 21  138 27  35.5 35.0  43.3 45.5  Women  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  72  Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Average hours  Hours of work  Population group and State  Total at work  35 hours and over 1 to 14 hours  15 to 29 hours  30 to 34 hours Total  35 to 39 hours  40 hours  41 to 48 hours  Total  Full-time schedules1  49 hours and over  Women—Continued  New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon ................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  3,499 1,408 136 2,173 617 583 2,344 211  208 72 12 166 42 49 181 13  615 199 28 396 95 100 459 45  251 125 16 205 56 57 203 22  2,425 1,012 79 1,405 424 377 1,502 131  636 126 12 169 51 39 264 25  1,236 598 42 800 257 204 875 73  229 150 11 219 49 60 176 17  324 138 14 218 66 75 187 16  35.4 36.8 34.2 35.2 36.1 35.7 34.5 34.2  43.9 45.1 46.3 45.0 45.0 46.1 44.4 44.7  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ....................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont .............................................. Virginia ................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  693 151 970 3,268 312 130 1,313 980 278 1,083 93  39 16 52 185 31 11 84 81 19 101 10  94 29 135 491 62 23 197 171 48 213 18  51 14 89 278 33 11 124 103 27 108 10  508 92 694 2,313 186 84 907 625 184 662 56  73 13 105 234 22 13 117 74 34 91 7  310 44 404 1,322 105 47 505 352 110 333 28  60 14 97 340 26 11 127 86 18 121 8  65 21 88 417 33 13 158 114 22 117 12  36.6 34.9 36.6 37.0 34.0 35.0 36.4 35.3 35.1 34.7 35.0  43.6 46.8 44.7 45.6 45.9 45.1 46.1 46.2 44.3 45.5 47.6  Alabama ............................................. Alaska ................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado........................................... Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia............................ Florida.................................................  98 12 87 60 707 88 77 20 9 309  16 2 13 11 111 18 18 3 1 42  33 4 41 22 268 33 28 6 3 111  11 1 8 6 63 10 6 2 1 30  38 5 25 21 264 27 25 9 3 126  7 1 6 4 45 5 4 2 <2> 24  23 2 15 12 165 15 16 6 2 72  3 1 2 3 30 4 2 1 <2i 16  4 1 2 2 24 4 3 1 (2> 15  27.7 29.7 25.6 27.1 27.2 25.7 25.2 29.3 27.0 28.7  44.5 46.9 42.2 46.0 42.9 44.5 44.4 44.2 47.9 43.5  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana ............................................ Maine ..................................................  159 23 32 351 183 85 76 91 89 32  19 3 8 74 36 22 18 20 21 10  56 9 9 143 63 32 26 34 31 11  15 2 4 31 17 9 8 10 10 2  68 8 11 104 67 22 24 27 27 10  13 1 3 22 10 6 4 4 5 2  41 6 4 59 38 10 13 13 15 5  9 1 10 6 3 3 3 4 1  6 1 2 13 13 3 4 7 2 1  28.9 26.7 26.3 25.1 27.5 23.8 25.5 25.9 24.8 23.4  44.5 42.9 46.7 44.0 45.4 46.4 44.6 46.9 44.4 44.7  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi.......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska ............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  118 169 294 142 51 138 21 49 31 32  26 37 65 30 9 28 7 11 3 8  45 62 111 56 17 52 6 19 9 12  14 13 34 17 4 16 2 5 3 2  33 57 84 39 20 41 6 13 16 9  4 8 15 9 4 8 1 2 1 1  22 36 47 20 8 21 3 6 11 6  4 7 11 4 3 3 1 1 2 1  3 6 12 5 5 9 1 4 2 1  24.9 25.7 25.0 24.6 28.1 26.2 24.2 25.1 31.6 24.1  47.7 45.1 45.1 42.7 45.5 48.0 48.8 48.9 43.3 46.4  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina................................... North Dakota ................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma ........................................... Oregon ................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  179 35 404 187 20 339 82 80 287 34  39 7 89 36 6 71 16 16 64 7  63 12 156 65 7 125 31 28 114 12  14 5 21 19 2 34 7 10 21 2  63 11 138 67 5 110 28 27 88 12  10 3 28 12 1 19 5 4 16 3  43 5 81 39 2 61 15 16 52 6  5 2 15 9 1 15 4 3 9 1  5 2 14 7 2 14 4 4 10 1  25.8 26.3 25.3 26.9 25.3 25.8 26.3 26.7 24.8 26.0  43.0 44.6 42.7 44.4 49.0 43.7 44.9 45.9 43.9 43.1  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ...................................... T exas Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................  88 24 127 420 65 17 148  16 7 19 64 15 4 35  33 8 52 169 22 6 53  8 2 12 43 6 1 14  31 7 43 144 22 5 46  5 2 7 29 5 1 9  19 2 25 80 11 3 25  4 1 7 18 2 1 6  4 2 4 17 3 1 6  26.8 25.4 26.7 26.7 25.6 24.9 24.9  44.0 47.9 44.8 43.5 44.2 43.0 46.7  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  73  r  Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Hours of work  Population group and State  Total at work  Average hours 35 hours and over  1 to 14 hours  15 to 29 hours  30 to 34 hours Total  35 to 39 hours  40 hours  41 to 48 hours  Total  Full-time sched­ ules1  49 hours and over  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years—Continued  Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming..........................................  133 36 164 15  31 7 43 4  46 11 68 5  12 4 14 2  44 13 39 5  7 3 9 1  26 8 19 2  7 1 6 1  4 1 5 1  25.6 26.8 23.3 25.8  45.4 43.0 44.9 47.3  Alabama ............................................. Alaska................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida.................................................  1,360 183 1,448 875 11,023 1,420 1,472 278 110 4,698  53 10 64 39 450 65 69 10 4 160  145 19 167 104 1,302 169 184 27 9 492  88 14 101 64 820 119 92 17 8 299  1,073 141 1,116 668 8,450 1,067 1,127 224 89 3,746  71 14 66 47 540 77 144 24 6 281  578 61 569 328 4,663 537 563 110 35 1,854  153 18 157 99 1,078 154 150 33 12 528  273 48 324 194 2,169 299 271 57 36 1,083  40.3 41.8 40.3 40.2 39.5 39.6 38.8 40.6 42.6 40.8  47.0 49.8 47.3 47.9 46.5 47.4 45.9 47.0 50.0 47.0  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana ............................................ Maine ..................................................  2,001 143 433 4,618 2,390 1,338 1,086 1,461 1,254 551  64 6 31 227 116 93 63 76 64 36  196 18 55 536 276 169 124 180 130 72  126 11 34 301 159 103 69 113 73 40  1,616 108 313 3,553 1,840 973 829 1,092 987 403  116 7 27 286 146 85 57 112 61 39  812 60 136 1,820 871 406 379 518 495 190  239 10 49 497 289 155 125 161 130 66  450 32 100 950 534 326 268 301 300 108  40.8 39.6 39.7 39.6 40.0 39.9 40.4 39.5 41.0 38.6  46.9 47.2 49.2 46.6 46.9 49.2 48.1 47.3 47.9 47.1  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan............................................. Minnesota.......................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  1,715 2,714 3,555 2,073 721 2,084 346 722 487 548  82 138 207 134 31 98 26 40 13 28  195 355 459 306 68 244 46 90 45 59  136 215 260 172 46 151 29 51 32 36  1,302 2,007 2,630 1,461 577 1,591 245 540 397 425  112 207 183 115 40 126 19 41 19 36  610 1,011 1,204 667 285 768 113 226 241 202  206 279 451 253 86 248 34 80 50 68  374 509 792 426 167 450 79 192 88 119  39.8 38.6 39.5 38.7 41.3 40.2 39.5 40.8 40.3 40.0  48.0 46.8 47.8 48.5 47.7 47.6 49.6 49.1 45.5 47.2  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon........................................... Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  3,084 564 6,527 2,464 294 4,360 1,212 1,258 4,824 445  132 31 281 99 21 230 57 77 262 19  337 76 779 264 40 550 132 144 622 65  168 50 377 164 25 302 75 94 316 35  2,447 408 5,089 1,936 207 3,278 948 942 3,624 326  307 34 776 158 17 237 70 66 345 36  1,256 208 2,567 963 86 1,562 480 433 1,920 168  303 55 614 314 29 557 125 154 513 49  581 111 1,133 501 76 922 273 289 846 72  39.4 38.9 38.9 40.1 40.2 39.6 40.5 40.0 38.6 38.2  45.7 47.4 45.6 47.0 50.5 47.3 47.4 48.2 46.3 46.5  South Carolina................................... South Dakota............................. Tennessee ........................ Texas .......................................... Utah ....................................... Vermont................. Virginia ................................ Washington ....................... West Virginia..................... Wisconsin ..................... Wyoming.......................  1,126 315 1,798 6,477 700 281 2,298 2,035 631 2,295 208  41 23 81 287 48 17 111 121 31 144 14  113 40 189 759 100 34 248 254 77 304 26  64 21 146 436 53 18 157 155 45 167 16  908 231 1,382 4,994 499 212 1,782 1,505 478 1,680 152  77 19 119 354 37 18 144 110 46 131 10  455 83 708 2,392 245 103 805 756 269 746 67  140 35 210 773 72 34 280 216 57 307 22  235 94 344 1,475 144 57 553 423 107 496 52  40.5 41.5 39.7 40.4 38.6 39.4 40.6 39.1 39.1 39.5 40.6  46.3 51.0 47.3 47.8 47.8 47.2 48.4 47.6 46.4 48.0 50.0  322 108 781 61 102 52 169 760  16 4 28 1 3 2 4 31  37 16 72 3 11 5 16 100  27 10 58 4 6 3 16 63  242 77 623 53 82 42 133 567  19 8 41 6 6 6 9 52  179 46 423 35 55 25 93 378  20 9 60 4 8 4 13 55  24 13 99 8 13 7 18 82  36.9 37.6 38.8 40.5 39.1 39.1 38.8 37.7  43.4 45.7 45.1 44.4 44.7 45.0 45.9 44.8  White  Black  Alabama ......................................... Arkansas .............................. California ............................. Colorado............................................. Connecticut ......................... Delaware ........................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida................................................ See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  74  Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Hours of work  Population group and State  Total at work  Average hours 35 hours and over  1 to 14 hours  15 to 29 hours  30 to 34 hours Total  35 to 39 hours  40 hours  41 to 48 hours  Total  Full-time sched­ ules1  49 hours and over  Black—Continued  Georgia............................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana............................................  813 612 181 60 75 374  31 22 8 2 6 18  99 67 15 5 10 42  66 39 8 5 9 31  617 484 150 48 50 284  60 47 10 3 11 33  398 346 107 32 29 179  67 32 14 6 2 32  92 59 20 7 8 42  37.9 38.1 38.9 38.3 36.0 37.8  44.6 43.8 43.6 44.1 48.0 44.1  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ...............................................  538 91 404 287 227 21 36  16 3 18 18 7 <2) (2)  51 9 47 43 21 1 2  40 7 34 26 19 2 3  431 72 306 200 180 18 30  37 8 18 23 16 2 1  273 50 204 124 120 13 25  44 5 33 22 16 2 1  77 9 52 31 28 1 3  39.4 38.4 38.0 36.6 39.6 38.9 39.6  45.8 45.3 45.0 45.8 46.2 42.1 43.7  New Jersey........................................ New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  402 944 599 423 63 392 17  10 24 26 15 4 12 (2>  39 96 68 49 11 43 2  25 45 47 31 5 33 2  327 779 459 328 43 304 13  51 190 44 19 5 35 1  202 438 283 228 26 201 7  31 60 61 33 6 24 2  44 91 72 49 6 44 2  38.5 38.3 38.3 38.5 35.7 38.4 39.0  43.9 43.2 45.7 44.8 44.1 45.3 48.0  South Carolina................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Virginia................................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin...........................................  398 327 843 482 23 60  22 16 40 22 1 3  40 43 96 61 3 10  30 23 61 44 1 5  307 244 646 355 18 42  31 25 51 35 2 4  211 170 391 219 13 29  31 22 87 41 2 4  34 28 117 60 1 5  37.6 37.0 38.6 37.7 36.7 35.8  43.9 43.5 45.5 46.4 42.6 43.6  Arizona................................................ California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Kansas ................................................ Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Nevada ...............................................  276 2,994 142 75 16 705 27 379 25 67 48 46  13 84 4 1 o 17 2 5 1 2 4 i2)  40 316 15 4 2 64 3 29 2 6 5 2  20 215 12 4 2 39 2 17 2 5 2 2  203 2,379 111 66 12 585 21 328 20 55 37 41  11 154 11 12 1 37 3 20 1 7 3 2  131 1,608 72 36 7 361 10 232 14 35 19 31  23 261 11 8 1 70 3 29 1 7 6 4  37 356 16 9 3 117 5 47 3 6 9 5  38.2 38.7 38.2 40.2 39.4 40.3 39.3 40.0 39.1 38.7 39.1 40.5  45.6 44.0 44.2 43.9 48.0 44.9 46.0 43.7 44.5 44.5 47.4 42.9  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... Ohio .................................................... Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island ..................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Wyoming.............................................  271 202 731 27 48 70 14 1,594 26 10  6 10 14 1 3 5 <2> 71 1 t2)  19 25 67 3 6 5 1 198 3 1  16 21 36 1 2 5 1 124 1 1  230 146 614 22 37 56 12 1,201 20 7  24 14 111 2 2 6 <2) 119 2 1  148 87 370 11 22 37 9 688 11 4  20 17 54 3 4 5 1 170 2  38 29 79 6 8 8 2 225 5 2  39.9 38.0 39.0 40.6 39.2 38.2 38.8 38.4 39.4 40.9  44.2 46.0 43.6 45.8 45.9 45.2 44.9 45.7 46.3 48.0  Hispanic origin  1 Refers to persons who worked 35 hours or more during the survey week. 2 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent. NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1  area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­ ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  75  Table 19. States: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1989 annual averages (In thousands) Usually work part time  Usually work full time Population group and State Total  Slack Job work or started or material termina­ ted shortages  Holiday  Bad weather  Own illness  On vaca­ tion  Other1  Total  Slack Does not Full-time work or want full­ work less time than 35 only find work2 hours part-time  Other  TOTAL Alabama ............................................. Alaska ................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida.................................................  130 18 99 82 879 113 90 23 27 357  30 4 27 19 210 20 10 4 2 96  7 1 5 3 32 6 2 1 1 18  10 1 8 2 83 10 17 1 6 24  19 (3> 1 10 19 2 6 2 2 11  21 3 17 15 200 21 17 5 6 72  22 3 21 14 150 25 19 5 4 58  21 4 20 19 185 29 18 5 6 78  238 37 253 160 2,141 258 279 41 31 810  50 11 58 34 389 72 18 5 6 145  152 20 165 108 1,447 165 216 28 18 517  29 4 18 12 222 12 30 6 4 109  8 2 11 6 83 9 15 2 3 39  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana............................................ Maine..................................................  200 28 36 300 136 96 71 120 93 43  47 4 8 53 26 13 15 26 24 8  9 1 1 9 8 4 2 7 4 2  9 8 2 33 3 2 2 2 2 6  12 1 3 18 7 4 4 20 9 3  37 5 6 60 37 23 11 23 15 7  42 5 8 66 23 26 19 16 16 9  44 5 7 60 32 26 18 25 22 8  386 76 88 912 447 281 205 277 270 106  59 11 19 147 76 44 27 61 71 13  232 53 60 671 313 195 161 164 149 81  71 10 4 63 44 25 12 29 38 6  24 2 6 30 14 16 5 23 12 5  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi.......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................ Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  184 201 262 162 80 150 29 45 31 35  19 26 46 26 20 30 5 9 7 6  6 3 10 5 4 5 1 2 2 2  23 47 9 6 3 10 2 2 1 5  22 7 10 7 12 12 2 1 1 1  33 44 49 30 16 30 4 10 7 6  38 39 73 53 10 36 8 11 7 6  43 36 64 35 14 27 7 10 6 8  348 539 779 466 153 400 78 143 68 90  33 48 132 83 46 67 20 23 12 7  263 429 541 328 82 276 47 107 44 73  27 36 68 27 15 42 4 10 10 7  24 26 38 27 10 15 7 3 3 4  New Jersey ........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma ........................................... Oregon................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  201 47 456 252 23 280 84 95 344 33  29 10 60 46 4 52 18 21 58 4  7 3 14 12 1 10 4 5 8 1  29 4 92 4 1 12 3 2 30 10  15 1 17 45 1 20 7 3 28 1  41 8 92 49 3 57 13 20 77 6  41 10 87 45 6 70 19 25 80 4  39 12 94 52 7 60 18 19 65 7  529 124 1,191 427 66 905 229 234 954 94  42 27 145 62 13 143 56 45 140 9  394 74 827 281 47 615 149 164 692 79  65 19 148 55 2 107 14 13 74 3  27 4 70 30 4 40 10 12 49 4  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  89 20 182 549 50 18 240 171 43 143 16  23 3 37 113 7 3 29 32 9 28 3  4 1 10 29 4 (3> 7 8 2 3 1  2 1 5 29 2 2 19 7 1 3 1  11 1 26 38 1 1 41 5 6 6 1  17 4 36 108 10 3 46 35 8 24 3  14 5 27 107 15 5 50 41 7 49 4  18 5 41 125 11 4 48 42 10 28 4  224 70 319 1,163 154 51 418 395 117 499 42  42 12 55 304 18 5 67 74 37 74 11  144 49 202 670 128 41 295 273 61 384 25  31 3 41 126 5 3 34 26 11 24 3  7 5 22 63 3 2 22 22 8 16 3  4 1  12 2  9 2  o9  1 32 5 7 1 2 11  18 (3> (4i 9 17 2 6 2 2 9  87 12 7 2 3 33  81 13 91 53 756 85 72 12 11 286  18 6 23 11 164 30 6 2 3 63  53 5 58 36 474 49 52 8 7 172  6 1 5 3 75 2 8 1 1 35  5 1 5 3 42 4 7 1 1 16  4 1 1 6 4 3 1 3  5 4 1 15 1 1 1 (3>  11 1 2 17 6 3 4 16  20 2 3 26 14 13 8 11  123 25 27 285 143 87 69 93  24 5 7 63 33 14 9 25  70 16 17 192 92 58 52 53  21 4 1 15 11 6 4 6  8 1 3 14 7 9 3 8  Men Alabama ............................................. Alaska................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut ....................................... Delaware............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida................................................. Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky.............................................  72 9  C)42  15 2 <4>  468 58 44 11 13 172  9 137 12 6 1 2 54  100 15 19 158 73 51 36 65  27 2 4 32 16 6 8 16  5  t3) n1 16 3 1 <3i  <4>  9 2 i4)  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  76  <4>  7 96 9 7 3 2 29  7 83 14 10 2 2 28  12 3 3 26 17 10 5 9  21 2 4 35 15 15 10 8  o8  Table 19. States: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Usually work full time Population group and State Total  Slack Job work or started or material termina­ ted shortages  Holiday  Bad weather  Usually work part time Own illness  On vaca­ tion  Other1  Total  Slack work or only find part-time  Does not Full-time want full­ work less time than 35 work2 hours  Other  Men—Continued  Louisiana............................................ Maine..................................................  50 22  13 5  1 1  1 2  9 3  7 4  6 5  12 3  95 28  27 5  53 20  8 1  7 2  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  96 103 140 85 42 80 15 24  13 15 27 16 10 17 3 5  3 2 5 2 2 3 1 1  10 24 4 3 2 4 1 1  15 7 10 6 12 11 1 1  13 17 25 16 5 16 2 4  22 20 42 26 5 18 4 6  21 17 27 16 6 12 3 6  <4>20  <4> 4  <4) 1  (4) 3  (4) 1  (4) 3  n4  04  102 134 225 157 58 137 27 39 25 23  10 20 48 31 22 31 9 8 5 3  77 96 146 105 26 86 14 27 14 18  6 9 13 7 5 11 1 2 4 1  9 10 17 13 5 10 3 2 2 1  19 12 57 25 4 57 29 17 51 4  99 25 221 98 13 170 40 44 176 23  20 3 43 14  12 2 26 14 2 21 6 7 20 2  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon ................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  109  17  3  13  14  20  22  20  o225  o32  i4) 9  <4)42  (4)16  <4)37  <4)48  (4)42  131 13 145 42 51 193 17  25 3 31 11 12 34 2  38 1 18 6 3 24 1  18 1 25 4 8 37 3  21 3 35 10 15 45 2  22 4 24 8 10 32 3  149 41 347 152 20 272 78 72 263 30  49 10 96 303 26 9 121 90 23 77 9  12 2 16 73 4 1 14 20 6 16 2  11 1 23 36 1 1 29 4 6 5  8 2 18 50 5 1 17 15 3 11 1  8 3 13 57 8 3 27 23 3 28 2  7 2 19 59 5 2 20 18 4 12 2  80 20 129 455 52 14 130 122 42 143 11  19 4 27 151 8 2 18 29 17 23 4  46 13 73 239 41 10 93 75 18 107 7  58 9  16 2  2 1  6 1  12 2  10 2  12 2  <4)39  <4)10  <4> 2  n1  08  (4) 7  <4)11  411 54 46 12 14 185  73 8 4 2 1 42  17 3 2 1  51 5 10 <3> 3 14  104 12 11 3 3 44  67 10 9 3 2 30  98 16 10 3 3 46  157 24 162 107 1,385 174 207 29 20 524  32 6 36 23 225 42 12 3 4 81  99 15 108 72 973 117 164 20 12 345  23 3 13 9 147 10 22 5 3 75  3 1 6 3 40 5 8 1 2 23  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana ............................................ Maine ..................................................  100 13 17 143 63 45 35 55 42 21  20 2 4 21 10 7 8 10 11 4  25 2 3 33 20 13 5 13 8 3  20 2 4 31 8 11 9 8 9 4  24 2 4 34 18 13 10 14 10 5  263 51 61 626 305 194 135 184 175 77  35 6 12 84 44 31 17 36 44 8  162 36 43 478 221 137 109 110 96 62  50 7 3 48 34 19 8 24 30 5  16 1 3 16 7 7 2 14 5 3  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska ............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  88 99 122 76 38 70 14 20  7 10 19 10 10 13 2 4  21 26 24 14 11 14 2 5  16 19 31 26 5 18 4 5  22 19 37 20 8 15 4 4  (4> 3  (4i 2  (4) 4  23 28 83 51 25 36 11 15 6 4  186 333 395 223 56 191 34 79 29 55  22 27 56 20 10 31 3  <4)15  246 404 554 309 95 262 51 104 43 67  6  15 16 20 14 4 4 4 1 1 3  380 83 843 275  24 16 89 37  296 50 606 183  46 16 105 40  15 2 44 16  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  6  1  07  pi 5  2 2 4  1 1 15 5  o 3  1  o5  (3> 2  14 3  14 1 1 10 4  04 6 1 2 1  <3> 1 <3)  (3i  (3>24 3 4 16 1 10 1 13 34 2 1 9 9 2 6  o  5 2 16 31 1 1 10 9 4 7 1  Women  Alabama ............................................. Alaska ................................................. Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia............................ Florida.................................................  New Jersey ........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ...................................  <3) 9 6 1  i3) 4 3 1 1 5 2 1 3 2 5 3 2 2  5 3 1 18 2 1 1 2 1 3 13 23 5 3 2 6 1 1  1  <3> <4i 1 2 1 1  i3) 1 1 1  (3) 1 1 1  (3> <3> 4 <3> <3) 7  <3)  pi  1  n2  i3) <3) (*) 1  o2  (3i 1 (3) (3) <4)  92  12  3  16  1  22  19  19  i4)231  <4)28  n6  (4)50  <4) 1  055  (4>40  t4)52  121  22  6  3  7  30  24  30  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  77  87  Table 19. States: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Usually work part time  Usually work full time Population group and State Total  Slack Job work or started or material termina­ shortages ted  Holiday  Bad weather  Own illness  On vaca­ tion  Other1  Total  Slack work or only find part-time  Does not Full-time want full­ work less time than 35 work2 hours  Other  Women—Continued North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  10 134 42 43 151 16  1 20 8 9 23 2  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin........................................... Wyoming.............................................  40 10 86 246 24 9 119 82 19 66 7  11 1 20 41 3 1 15 12 3 13 1  Alabama ............................................. Alaska ................................................ Arizona................................................ Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado............................................. Connecticut........................................ Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia........................... Florida.................................................  103 15 94 70 749 107 83 19 10 285  22 3 26 14 192 19 9 3 1 70  Georgia............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho................................................... Illinois.................................................. Indiana................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky............................................. Louisiana ............................................ Maine ..................................................  130 <-> 35 262 126 94 66 109 70 43  Maryland............................................. Massachusetts................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota........................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana ............................................. Nebraska............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire.................................  o  3 3 3 3 <a>  1 7 2 1 15 4  «  1  (3>  1 <3>  <3)  6 16 1 <3i  3 2 1 2 a  1 1 <3)  3 <3>  p)  3 15 1 1 9 4 1 2 <3>  3 1 pi t3)  12 1 1 1 pi  2 31 8 12 39 4  3 34 9 10 35 2  3 36 11 9 32 4  46 633 151 162 692 64  9 86 28 28 89 5  34 445 109 120 516 55  1 83 11 9 58 2  2 19 4 5 28 2  10 2 18 58 6 2 29 20 4 13 1  5 2 14 49 7 2 23 18 4 21 2  11 3 22 66 6 3 29 24 5 15 2  144 49 190 708 102 37 287 273 75 355 30  23 8 28 153 10 3 49 45 21 51 8  98 36 128 431 87 30 202 198 42 277 19  21 3 28 92 4 3 25 17 9 17 2  3 3 6 32 2 1 12 13 3 10 2  17 3 16 13 161 20 15 4 2 57  19 3 20 13 133 24 19 5 3 51  19 4 19 17 153 28 17 4 2 64  184 27 238 137 1,824 246 262 35 11 667  27 7 55 22 316 67 15 4 2 100  130 16 155 99 1,247 158 205 25 8 444  22 3 16 11 191 12 28 5 1 88  5 2 11 5 69 8 14 2 1 34  27  White 4 1 4 3 29 6 2 1 <3>  16  8 1 8 1 63 9 15 1 1 19  14 (3>  1 8 18 2 6 1 1 8  8 63 23 25 19 15 14 9  7 52 29 25 16 24 16 8  255 25 86 803 425 270 190 260 197 105  25 5 18 112 67 42 25 58 41 13  174 16 58 612 303 188 150 153 124 81  42 4 4 52 42 24 11 29 22 6  14 1 5 26 14 16 5 21 9 5  23 41 42 29 10 25 4 9 6 6  31 37 66 51 8 32 8 11 6 6  32 33 56 35 9 25 6 10 6 8  279 517 695 454 98 361 74 139 62 90  20 45 108 81 18 52 19 21 10 7  218 413 497 319 63 257 45 105 40 72  21 34 59 27 10 38 4 10 9 7  20 25 30 27 6 14 6 3 2 4  13 1 15 29 1 18 6 3 27 1  33 6 73 36 3 48 12 19 70 6  37 9 75 38 6 64 17 24 75 4  30 10 78 41 7 55 15 19 55 7  471 114 1,055 339 64 832 191 224 892 89  34 26 118 39 12 123 43 42 124 8  356 68 751 237 47 578 127 158 659 74  56 17 127 40 2 94 12 12 67 3  25 3 58 24 4 37 9 12 42 4  5 1 24 35 1 1 28 5 6 6 1  12 4 32 93 10 3 36 32 7 23 3  12 5 25 97 15 5 43 39 7 49 4  13 5 38 108 11 4 36 40 9 27 4  159 65 253 1,001 151 51 336 371 112 478 41  22 10 33 240 18 4 40 66 36 67 11  113 47 167 596 126 41 253 261 58 374 25  20 3 33 111 5 3 27 24 10 23 3  5 5 20 54 3 2 17 19 7 15 3  8 45 23 13 15 25 15 8  1 9 7 4 2 6 3 2  1 24 3 2 2 2 1 6  3 17 7 4 3 19 8 3  26 <4> 6 51 34 22 10 18 12 7  135 190 231 158 46 133 27 43 28 34  11 25 40 25 10 29 5 9 7 6  4 3 9 5 2 5 1 2 2 2  17 45 7 6 3 7 2 2 1 5  17 7 9 7 5 10 2 1 1 1  New Jersey........................................ New Mexico ....................................... New York ........................................... North Carolina ................................... North Dakota ..................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma........................................... Oregon................................................ Pennsylvania...................................... Rhode Island .....................................  166 42 383 188 22 250 73 91 308 31  22 9 52 32 4 46 16 20 52 4  6 3 12 9 1 9 4 4 7 1  24 4 78 3 1 10 3 2 22 9  South Carolina................................... South Dakota..................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont.............................................. Virginia................................................ Washington ........................................ West Virginia...................................... Wisconsin ........................................... Wyoming.............................................  59 19 162 481 49 18 179 160 41 137 16  12 3 30 96 7 3 17 29 9 27 3  3 1 9 26 4  1 1 4 26 2 2 15 7 1 3 1  24 n  5  6 C)  (*>  <3i  5 8 2 3 1  7 c>  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  78  36 n  o  Table 19. States: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (In thousands) Usually work full time Population group and State Total  Slack Job work or started or material termina­ shortages ted  Holiday  Bad weather  t4)  <4)  Usually work part time Own illness  On vaca­ tion  Slack work or only find part-time  Does not Full-time want full­ work less time than 35 work2 hours  Other1  Total  (4i 16 4 13  53 99 19 127  23 30 4 40  21 50 10 63  7 15 3 19  3 4 2 5  5 3  17 8 <4)  127 93 69  33 33 29  56 47 22  28 10 15  10 3 3  Other  Black Alabama ............................................. California ............................................ District of Columbia............................ Florida................................................. Georgia............................................... Illinois.................................................. Louisiana.............................................  n  i4)  59 17 66  7 1 24  69 36  23 8 <4>  n  <4i 3 2 4 p) (4)  0 18 4 14  9 4 5  1 2 3  3 8  5 1  11 8 (4)  i4)  t4)  c) 6 2 6  <4)  Maryland............................................. Michigan ............................................. Mississippi..........................................  47 28 33  8 5 10  2 1 2  5 1 1  4 1 6  9 6 7  6 6 2  11 7 5  61 70 54  12 21 28  39 35 18  5 8 5  4 7 3  New Jersey ........................................ New York ........................................... North Carolina.................................... Ohio .................................................... Pennsylvania......................................  31 58 58 27 33  7 6 12 5 5  1 2 2 1  4 12 1 1 7  2 1 15 2 1  7 15 11 8 6  3 8 6 5 4  8 14 11 5 9  43 106 82 67 55  7 24 22 19 15  27 55 41 33 27  8 18 14 13 7  1 9 6 2 6  South Carolina................................... Tennessee ......................................... Texas .................................................. Virginia................................................  30 <4> 59 <4>  11  5  5 n 13 o  1  5 <4) 15 <4>  61 63 138 71  20 22 60 26  29 32 57 35  10 7 13 7  2 2 8 3  1 2 3 4  n 15 <4)  1 1 <4)  1 <4>  3 <4)  t4> 3  2 <4)  o  Includes industrial disputes. Does not want, or unavailable for, full-time work. Less than 500 persons. Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  <4)  9 <4)  standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding.  79  Table 20. States: Employed civilians with a job but not at work by reason, 1989 annual averages (In thousands) Reason not at work State  Total Vacation  Illness  Alabama .............................................................................................. Alaska ................................................................................................ Arizona ................................................................................................ Arkansas ............................................................................................. California ............................................................................................. Colorado ............................................................................................ Connecticut......................................................................................... Delaware ............................................................................................ District of Columbia ........................................................................... Florida..................................................................................................  84 16 82 53 702 74 100 16 13 284  40 10 54 29 386 44 61 9 7 162  24 2 15 11 162 16 24 3 3 62  Georgia................................................................................................ Hawaii.................................................................................................. Idaho.................................................................................................... Illinois................................................................................................... Indiana................................................................................................. Iowa.................................................................................................... Kansas ................................................................................................. Kentucky ............................................................................................. Louisiana ............................................................................................. Maine...................................................................................................  169 28 23 299 158 73 61 91 106 34  80 16 14 171 94 43 39 44 57 20  48 6 4 72 31 18 10 24 21 6  Maryland.............................................................................................. Massachusetts.................................................................................... Michigan.............................................................................................. Minnesota ........................................................................................... Mississippi...... .................................................................................... Missouri .............................................................................................. Montana ............................................................................................. Nebraska........................................................................................«... Nevada................................................................................................ New Hampshire..................................................................................  123 180 241 112 63 125 20 36 25 32  63 110 136 66 33 70 11 24 15 16  31 34 54 19 15 29 3 6 5 8  New Jersey........................................................................................ New Mexico........................................................................................ New York ............................................................................................ North Carolina .................................................................................... North Dakota ...................................................................................... Ohio .................................................................................................... Oklahoma............................................................................................ Oregon................................................................................................. Pennsylvania....................................................................................... Rhode Island ....................................................................................  205 34 441 159 14 302 68 80 308 33  123 19 247 79 8 179 37 45 161 18  45 6 97 36 2 69 12 19 85 10  South Carolina.................................................................................... South Dakota...................................................................................... Tennessee ......................................................................................... Texas .................................................................................................. Utah .................................................................................................... Vermont............................................................................................... Virginia................................................................................................. Washington......................................................................................... West Virginia....................................................................................... Wisconsin........................................................................................... Wyoming .............................................................................................  78 14 110 400 33 14 158 126 43 116 12  35 8 53 216 20 9 91 73 20 67 7  24 3 26 90 6 3 36 27 13 28 2  1 Includes industrial disputes. 2 Less than 500 persons.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bad weather 4 1 <12> 3 13 0 (2i 1 pi  1 4 1 1 3 3 (2> 1 5 5 1 1 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 <2> 1 2  17 4 13 10 142 14 15 4 3 59 38 5 4 53 30 11 11 18 22 7 28 34 48 26 12 23 5 6 5 7  6 10 <2> 5 4 3 7 (2>  35 8 91 34 5 48 15 14 55 4  3 (2> 10 10 1 <2> 5 2 1 2 (2>  17 3 20 84 6 2 27 24 9 19 3  (2>  NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding.  80  Other 1  Table 21. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemploy­ ment, 1989 annual averages Total urlemployed Population group and State  Number (in thousands)  Reason for unemployment Job losers  Percent Total  On layoff  Reentrants  New entrants  TOTAL Alabama................. Alaska .................... Arizona................... Arkansas ................ California................ Colorado ................ Connecticut ............ Delaware................. District of Columbia Florida....................  134 17 89 82 737 98 64 13 16 348  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  53.4 46.6 44.3 46.3 48.4 47.3 40.5 40.3 40.3 38.4  15.5 6.2 11.7 10.3 9.7 13.2 11.8 16.7 7.2 8.2  11.2 15.9 19.6 12.9 15.9 10.7 29.3 21.8 19.1 20.7  23.1 34.5 26.3 28.2 25.5 32.0 19.8 32.7 33.9 31.6  12.4 2.9 9.7 12.6 10.2 10.1 10.4 5.1 6.6 9.3  Georgia ................... Hawaii ..................... Idaho ...................... Illinois ...................... Indiana .................... Iowa......................... Kansas .................... Kentucky................. Louisiana................. Maine ......................  177 13 25 359 136 65 52 108 151 25  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  40.7 28.4 47.1 45.9 50.7 42.9 49.1 45.2 47.7 47.2  10.4 9.6 21.7 9.0 21.8 17.0 13.2 15.1 7.6 18.5  17.8 29.6 15.1 14.4 15.7 19.4 20.0 11.1 9.2 15.7  30.7 30.9 31.0 26.7 25.8 28.0 24.1 28.2 27.5 30.7  10.8 11.1 6.9 13.0 7.9 9.6 6.8 15.6 15.6 6.3  Maryland................. Massachusetts....... Michigan ................. Minnesota ............... Mississippi .............. Missouri.................... Montana................... Nebraska ................ Nevada.................... New Hampshire ......  93 127 326 102 91 143 24 25 30 21  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  39.5 49.0 44.5 39.8 39.0 43.5 37.8 36.9 54.3 49.7  9.0 19.1 21.8 14.2 9.0 11.8 10.9 11.8 8.7 20.0  21.3 17.1 11.6 16.8 10.1 15.3 13.5 21.8 20.3 17.1  28.8 25.7 32.2 33.9 28.2 30.4 41.1 36.3 20.1 24.0  10.5 8.2 11.8 9.4 22.8 10.9 7.6 5.0 5.3 9.2  New Jersey ............. New Mexico ............ New York.............. . North Carolina......... North Dakota........... Ohio.......................... Oklahoma................ Oregon..................... Pennsylvania ........... Rhode Island...........  163 46 442 119 14 300 85 84 264 21  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  56.5 48.1 50.3 38.5 40.5 48.2 44.8 45.3 53.0 50.5  16.1 6.1 16.6 9.9 14.7 17.8 5.9 15.8 25.8 30.3  14.7 12.3 12.8 21.4 13.1 14.4 12.7 17.5 11.7 15.0  23.2 27.8 25.9 32.8 35.7 26.4 32.5 31.6 27.1 28.0  5.6 11.8 11.0 7.3 10.6 11.1 10.1 5.6 8.2 6.5  South Carolina ........ South Dakota.......... Tennessee ............... Texas ...................... Utah.......................... Vermont .................. . Virginia .................... Washington............... West Virginia ............ Wisconsin ............... Wyoming ...................  80 15 121 567 37 11 123 151 66 114 15  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  50.6 33.3 52.9 41.7 42.4 51.7 29.7 38.2 52.7 49.3 40.7  5.8 12.0 14.7 5.8 10.4 21.3 5.4 12.1 18.3 23.1 10.1  11.5 20.0 16.6 17.8 23.9 14.6 19.9 21.7 15.3 13.1 15.4  24.6 35.3 21.8 30.1 24.1 24.9 41.4 32.2 22.1 26.8 35.1  13.3 11.4 8.7 10.4 9.6 8.8 9.0 7.8 9.9 10.8 8.7  Alabama.................................. Alaska............... ...................... Arkansas ................................. California................................. Colorado ................................. Connecticut ............................ District of Columbia ........... Florida ...................................  64 10 42 411 48 40 8 170  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  68.9 54.4 55.4 55.5 59.8 44.4 51.5 46.3  15.6 8.5 10.9 10.1 20.2 12.1 10.2 11.1  10.3 11.1 13.0 14.8 10.0 25.7 18.6 18.7  12.3 32.0 19.7 19.8 20.1 20.8 25.9 25.1  8.5 2.6 11.9 9.9 10.1 9.1 4.0 10.0  Georgia ................................... Idaho ....................................... Illinois ........................ .............. Indiana .................... ............... Iowa......................................... Kansas.................................... . Kentucky.................................. Louisiana.................................. Maine .......................................  81 14 202 70 39 28 59 84 14  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  50.3 56.6 59.3 64.9 50.8 61.7 58.5 60.6 56.2  12.7 26.7 11.8 29.1 21.4 17.7 19.8 11.5 19.0  15.7 12.6 12.4 10.8 18.3 16.8 7.2 8.4 12.7  22.0 24.3 17.2 18.9 23.9 17.5 19.8 20.2 25.3  12.1 6.6 11.0 5.4 7.0 4.0 14.5 10.8 5.8  Maryland .................................. Massachusetts........................  48 73  100.0 100.0  47.6 57.4  11.5 22.7  15.7 14.7  22.6 20.9  14.1 6.9  Men  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  81  Table 21. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemploy­ ment, 1989 annual averages—Continued Reason for unemployment  Total unemployed Population group and State  Job losers  Number (in thousands)  Total  On layoff  Job leavers  Reentrants  New entrants  Men—Continued  Michigan .................................................. Minnesota ................................................ Mississippi ............................................... Missouri.................................................... Montana...................................................  182 60 42 69 13  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  55.5 46.6 48.3 57.5 49.6  26.6 19.1 12.9 16.5 14.9  9.4 12.0 9.9 15.7 12.9  25.5 32.5 21.8 17.6 29.9  9.6 8.9 19.9 9.2 7.6  New Jersey ............................................. New Mexico ............................................ New York ............................................. North Carolina......................................... Ohio.......................................................... Oklahoma ................................................ Oregon ..................................................... Pennsylvania ........................................... Rhode Island...........................................  93 29 255 60 168 46 48 154 12  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  64.5 59.8 56.6 48.3 62.8 54.1 58.8 65.8 54.8  17.7 6.9 18.5 10.0 23.1 7.4 19.8 31.4 32.4  13.6 10.7 12.7 19.1 11.7 9.5 12.8 11.0 16.0  17.2 20.1 19.9 24.1 16.5 23.2 24.6 17.6 21.3  4.7 9.4 10.7 8.5 9.0 13.2 3.8 5.7 7.9  South Carolina ........................................ South Dakota .......................................... Tennessee ............................................... Texas ....................................................... Washington ............................................. West Virginia ........................................... Wisconsin ................................................ Wyoming..................................................  39 8 61 303 77 39 61 9  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  60.6 46.0 61.8 51.8 47.8 66.5 59.9 54.1  6.1 15.3 11.5 7.8 14.3 24.8 28.2 13.3  14.2 13.4 15.9 16.7 19.4 14.1 14.3 12.3  12.2 31.0 14.5 22.3 25.7 11.9 17.2 27.3  12.9 9.6 7.8 9.2 7.1 7.5 8.6 6.4  Alabama................................................... Arkansas .................................................. California.................................................. Colorado .................................................. District of Columbia................................ Florida......................................................  70 40 326 50 8 178  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  39.2 36.6 39.3 35.1 28.6 30.9  15.4 9.7 9.3 6.4 4.0 5.3  12.0 12.7 17.3 11.4 19.7 22.7  32.9 37.4 32.8 43.5 42.4 37.8  15.9 13.3 10.6 10.0 9.4 8.6  Georgia .................................................... Idaho ........................................................ Illinois ....................................................... Indiana ..................................................... Kansas ..................................................... Kentucky.................................................. Louisiana.................................................. Maine ....................................................... Massachusetts........................................ Michigan .................................................. Minnesota ................................................ Mississippi ............................................... Missouri.................................................... Montana...................................................  96 11 157 67 23 49 66 12 54 143 42 49 74 10  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  32.5 35.3 28.7 35.8 33.8 29.0 31.4 36.5 37.6 30.4 30.2 30.9 30.5 22.6  8.5 15.6 5.4 14.3 7.6 9.4 2.7 17.8 14.2 15.7 7.2 5.5 7.5 5.8  19.5 18.2 16.9 20.8 23.9 15.8 10.1 19.2 20.3 14.4 23.6 10.2 14.9 14.3  38.2 39.3 38.9 33.0 32.1 38.3 36.8 37.2 32.2 40.6 36.0 33.7 42.2 55.4  9.7 7.2 15.5 10.5 10.2 17.0 21.6 7.0 9.9 14.6 10.1 25.2 12.5 7.7  New Jersey ............................................. New York................................................. North Carolina......................................... Ohio.......................................................... Oklahoma ................................................ Pennsylvania ...........................................  70 187 59 132 38 111  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  45.7 41.6 28.7 29.7 33.5 35.3  13.9 14.0 9.8 11.1 4.2 18.0  16.2 12.9 23.7 17.8 16.6 12.7  31.2 34.0 41.5 38.9 43.6 40.4  6.9 11.5 6.2 13.6 6.3 11.7  South Carolina ........................................ South Dakota .......................................... Tennessee ............................................... Texas ....................................................... Virginia ..................................................... Washington.............................................. West Virginia ........................................... Wisconsin ................................................ Wyoming ..................................................  40 7 60 264 68 74 27 53 6  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  40.9 20.2 43.8 30.0 21.7 28.2 32.5 37.2 21.6  5.5 8.5 17.9 3.6 4.4 9.7 8.8 17.1 5.5  8.7 26.8 17.4 19.1 20.1 24.2 17.1 11.7 20.0  36.6 39.7 29.4 39.0 51.0 39.1 37.0 37.8 46.2  13.8 13.3 9.5 11.9 7.2 8.5 13.4 13.3 12.1  California.................................................. Florida ...................................................... Illinois ....................................................... Massachusetts........................................ Michigan ..................................................  118 58 64 23 61  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  20.9 18.3 14.0 25.3 10.5  4.6 4.8 2.0 8.7 4.7  17.1 18.4 17.0 16.4 14.5  25.1 30.3 25.5 26.3 31.7  36.9 33.0 43.6 32.1 43.4  New Jersey ............................................. New York.................................................  23 70  100.0 100.0  25.0 19.6  4.2 4.1  23.7 11.0  28.4 31.5  22.8 37.9  Women  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  See footnotes at end of table   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  82  Table 21. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemploy­ ment, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total urlemployed Population group and State  Number (in thousands)  Reason for unemployment Job losers  Percent Total  Job leavers  Reentrants  New entrants  On layoff  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years—Continued  North Carolina Ohio................ Pennsylvania .. Texas .............  24 61 46 109  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  14.5 18.4 19.8 14.1  1.2 3.4 8.4 1.0  21.7 16.0 14.0 18.5  39.3 27.5 33.5 28.5  24.5 38.2 32.8 38.9  Alabama.......... Alaska ............. Arizona............ Arkansas ......... California......... Colorado......... Connecticut .... Delaware......... Florida.............  83 11 82 56 582 85 51 9 233  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  54.5 51.5 44.4 47.3 49.9 44.5 38.5 36.6 39.2  20.3 7.7 12.4 12.6 11.1 13.8 10.1 19.4 9.6  14.1 16.6 20.2 14.3 16.7 11.1 30.5 23.8 22.9  22.0 29.2 25.7 25.5 24.0 33.5 20.7 33.7 32.0  9.5 2.6 9.6 12.9 9.3 10.9 10.3 5.9 5.9  Georgia ........... Idaho ............... Illinois.............. Indiana ............ Iowa................. Kansas............ Kentucky.......... Louisiana.......... Maine ...............  80 24 219 109 60 42 95 70 25  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  42.9 46.8 49.7 50.9 42.2 46.1 48.2 51.5 47.4  8.7 21.9 12.6 23.3 18.2 13.4 16.7 8.4 18.6  23.6 15.7 17.2 18.4 19.5 20.5 11.3 12.9 15.7  27.3 30.5 23.6 25.3 28.4 26.9 26.6 25.9 30.5  6.3 6.9 9.6 5.4 9.9 6.5 13.8 9.6 6.4  Maryland.......... Massachusetts . Michigan .......... Minnesota____ Mississippi ....... Missouri............ Montana.......... Nebraska ......... Nevada ............. New Hampshire  51 113 232 89 33 110 20 23 25 20  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  35.8 50.1 47.7 41.1 42.4 40.4 38.6 37.7 53.7 46.2  10.3 19.9 25.2 14.7 15.2 11.1 10.9 12.0 8.8 20.5  25.6 17.4 13.6 16.8 16.5 18.3 13.4 19.9 20.2 18.1  27.7 25.4 30.1 33.6 30.2 31.6 40.7 37.2 22.6 25.7  10.9 7.2 8.6 8.5 10.9 9.7 7.2 5.2 3.4 10.0  New Jersey ..... New Mexico .... New York......... North Carolina ... North Dakota.... Ohio.................. Oklahoma ......... Oregon.............. Pennsylvania.... Rhode Island....  119 38 307 74 12 224 62 78 220 19  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  55.2 49.0 53.5 36.8 41.2 48.3 46.7 44.8 54.5 50.9  16.2 6.9 19.2 10.4 16.7 20.0 6.7 15.6 29.4 29.8  16.2 12.5 13.0 24.5 14.8 14.8 13.5 18.7 12.9 15.7  23.2 26.7 24.1 33.2 35.2 27.0 30.4 31.1 25.7 27.8  5.4 11.8 9.4 5.5 8.8 10.0 9.5 5.5 6.9 5.6  South Carolina .. South Dakota .... Tennessee ........ Texas .............. Utah................ Vermont............ Virginia .............. Washington...... West Virginia .... Wisconsin ......... Wyoming ............  41 10 89 436 36 11 64 129 62 94 15  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  50.8 34.2 50.5 41.6 42.3 51.6 36.0 40.0 53.4 51.7 40.8  7.1 15.9 16.7 5.9 10.3 21.3 7.4 12.8 19.3 26.5 10.5  13.2 25.3 17.0 18.6 23.9 14.7 24.5 19.7 14.7 13.6 15.8  27.7 32.4 23.7 28.8 24.0 24.8 35.7 32.6 21.7 26.4 35.3  8.3 8.1 8.8 10.9 9.8 8.9 3.9 7.6 10.2 8.2 8.1  Alabama.................................. Arkansas................................. California................................. District of Columbia................ Florida ............ .........................  51 25 92 13 108  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  51.7 44.9 43.1 40.1 36.7  7.2 5.5 3.5 7.8 5.4  6.1 8.2 10.7 20.8 15.8  25.1 34.5 34.9 32.1 30.7  17.1 12.4 11.3 7.1 16.8  Georgia .................................. Illinois....................................... Louisiana.................................. Michigan .................................. Mississippi ..............................  95 136 80 86 58  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  39.5 39.9 44.2 36.8 37.0  12.0 3.5 7.0 13.7 5.5  12.6 9.7 5.9 6.1 6.5  33.8 31.9 29.1 37.0 26.8  14.1 18.6 20.8 20.1 29.6  New Jersey .............................  40  100.0  60.9  16.4  10.6  23.5  5.0  White  Black  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  83  Table 21. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemploy­ ment, 1989 annual averages—Continued Reason for unemployment  Total unemployed Job losers  Population group and State (in thousands)  Percent Total  On layoff  Job leavers  Reentrants  New entrants  Black—Continued  122 42 74 41  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  43.7 41.7 48.2 47.2  11.1 8.7 11.7 7.7  10.9 15.7 12.5 4.9  30.0 32.8 24.8 33.7  15.4 9.8 14.5 14.3  38 121  100.0 100.0  50.7 42.7  4.3 5.3  9.6 14.3  20.9 33.8  18.8 9.2  256 59  100.0 100.0  57.0 51.6  11.8 15.0  11.3 18.8  19.6 23.4  12.1 6.1  18 67 191  100.0 100.0 100.0  62.1 51.9 42.9  16.2 16.0 5.5  17.9 10.7 16.2  16.5 26.9 24.7  3.5 10.5 16.3  Hispanic origin  NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  84  Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemploy­ ment, 1989 annual averages Total unemployed Population group and State  Number (in thousands)  Duration of unemployment Less than 5 weeks  5 to 14 weeks  15 weeks and over  27 weeks and over  TOTAL Alabama................. Alaska ..................... Arizona ................... Arkansas ................ California ................ Colorado................. Connecticut............ Delaware................ District of Columbia Florida.....................  134 17 89 82 737 98 64 13 16 348  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  43.7 41.0 57.4 46.0 52.7 49.1 49.1 52.2 47.1 52.9  34.1 30.3 29.8 30.9 29.1 30.3 29.6 33.3 32.9 31.3  22.1 28.6 12.8 23.1 18.2 20.6 21.3 14.5 20.0 15.8  10.1 12.2 5.2 11.0 8.2 11.3 9.7 5.5 9.4 6.3  Georgia .................. Hawaii..................... Idaho....................... Illinois...................... Indiana .................... . Iowa ......................... Kansas ..................... Kentucky.................. Louisiana................. Maine.......................  177 13 25 359 136 65 52 108 151 25  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  53.4 56.8 54.1 45.6 49.7 48.4 48.6 42.9 42.6 51.9  29.9 29.8 28.9 29.6 33.0 25.1 28.3 30.7 26.7 32.5  16.6 13.4 17.0 24.8 17.3 26.5 23.1 26.3 30.7 15.6  7.0 5.9 7.4 12.8 5.3 12.8 9.0 14.6 19.3 5.3  Maryland.................. Massachusetts ....... Michigan.................. Minnesota................ Mississippi ............... Missouri ................... Montana .................. Nebraska................. Nevada .................... New Hampshire......  93 127 326 102 91 143 24 25 30 21  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  55.0 47.6 47.5 50.3 48.3 43.3 44.8 53.1 54.8 57.7  31.5 35.5 29.3 30.0 30.7 31.6 34.4 28.8 27.3 29.7  13.5 16.9 23.2 19.6 21.0 25.1 20.8 18.1 17.9 12.6  5.1 6.0 12.0 9.5 10.4 13.7 11.0 6.7 7.8 4.2  New Jersey............. New Mexico............. New York................ . North Carolina ........ North Dakota ........... Ohio ......................... Oklahoma................. Oregon...................... Pennsylvania............ Rhode Island ...........  163 46 442 119 14 300 85 84 264 21  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  46.4 49.7 41.5 55.9 48.9 44.6 50.9 50.2 45.6 56.6  33.3 28.2 33.4 27.9 31.5 28.1 28.1 28.3 32.5 31.0  20.3 22.1 25.1 16.2 19.7 27.4 21.1 21.5 21.9 12.4  8.5 10.2 10.5 7.3 8.5 14.4 11.4 8.3 11.7 5.3  South Carolina......... South Dakota........... Tennessee .............. Texas ....................... Utah .......................... Vermont.................... Virginia...................... Washington.............. West Virginia............ Wisconsin.................. Wyoming....................  80 15 121 567 37 11 123 151 66 114 15  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  42.4 45.0 50.5 49.8 49.9 55.0 52.0 52.8 38.5 51.6 50.0  32.3 33.8 27.2 29.1 30.4 28.4 30.5 30.8 30.8 29.9 30.4  25.2 21.2 22.3 21.1 19.7 16.7 17.5 16.5 30.7 18.6 19.6  10.5 8.0 9.1 9.9 8.6 5.3 8.1 7.0 18.0 7.6 10.9  Alabama .................................. Alaska..................................... Arkansas ................................. California ................................. Colorado................................. Connecticut............................ District of Columbia ............... Florida.....................................  64 10 42 411 48 40 8 170  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  35.6 40.3 42.8 49.3 40.9 46.8 44.6 51.3  38.1 30.4 31.5 28.5 31.U 31.5 33.2 31.1  26.3 29.2 25.8 22.2 28.1 21.7 22.3 17.6  14.8 10.7 11.6 11.2 15.1 11.5 10.8 8.3  Georgia................................... . Idaho....................................... . Illinois....................................... Indiana .................................... Iowa ......................................... Kansas ..................................... Kentucky.................................. Louisiana ................................. Maine........................................  81 14 202 70 39 28 59 84 14  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  49.0 47.6 40.4 44.2 46.4 43.9 35.3 39.6 47.9  31.3 33.1 29.4 35.7 23.4 34.1 31.3 28.3 36.0  19.6 19.3 30.3 20.2 30.2 22.0 33.4 32.1 16.1  7.6 7.5 16.5 7.0 14.6 9.9 17.8 20.6 6.0  Maryland .................................... Massachusetts......................... Michigan ...................................  48 73 182  100.0 100.0 100.0  59.7 46.7 43.6  27.5 34.6 29.4  12.7 18.7 27.0  5.6 7.0 13.9  Men  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  85  Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemploy­ ment, 1989 annual averages—Continued Duration of unemployment  Total unemployed Population group and State (in thousands)  Percent  Less than 5 weeks  5 to 14 weeks  15 weeks and over  27 weeks and over  Men—Continued  Oklahoma................................................................................... Oregon ....................................................................................... Pennsylvania..............................................................................  60 42 69 13  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  46.6 40.6 41.0 38.7  33.1 34.6 24.2 36.1  20.2 24.8 34.8 25.2  11.3 11.2 18.8 14.2  93 29 255 60 168 46 48 154 12  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  41.7 43.9 39.2 54.0 39.4 45.1 44.4 40.0 55.5  34.2 30.0 34.0 28.2 25.9 26.0 29.3 33.4 30.3  24.1 26.1 26.8 17.8 34.8 29.0 26.4 26.6 14.2  10.5 13.2 11.5 9.0 19.4 16.9 10.4 15.1 5.9  39 8 61 303 77 39 61 9  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  38.2 41.8 46.0 46.6 49.0 34.9 44.6 48.3  31.4 32.2 28.6 29.0 31.9 28.9 31.1 30.9  30.4 26.0 25.4 24.3 19.1 36.2 24.3 20.8  12.8 8.7 12.4 13.5 8.4 23.0 11.1 10.9  70 40 326 50 8 178  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  51.2 49.5 56.9 57.1 49.7 54.4  30.5 30.3 30.0 29.6 32.7 31.5  18.3 20.2 13.1 13.3 17.7 14.1  5.7 10.5 4.3 7.6 7.9 4.4  96 11 157 67 23 49 66 12 54 143 42 49 74 10  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  57.2 62.2 52.3 55.5 54.3 52.3 46.5 56.6 48.7 52.4 55.6 55.0 45.5 52.6  28.7 23.7 29.9 30.2 21.2 30.0 24.6 28.3 36.9 29.1 25.6 27.3 38.4 32.2  14.1 14.1 17.8 14.3 24.5 17.7 28.9 15.1 14.4 18.4 18.8 17.8 16.1 15.1  6.5 7.2 8.1 3.5 7.9 10.8 17.6 4.5 4.7 9.4 7.0 9.7 9.0 6.9  70 187 59 132 38 111  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  52.7 44.6 57.7 51.2 57.9 53.3  32.1 32.6 27.7 30.9 30.6 31.3  15.2 22.8 14.6 18.0 11.5 15.4  5.7 9.1 5.5 8.1 4.7 7.0  40 7 60 264 68 74 27 53 6  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  46.5 48.4 55.0 53.5 55.3 56.7 43.8 59.6 52.5  33.3 35.4 25.8 29.1 27.1 29.6 33.6 28.4 29.6  20.2 16.2 19.1 17.4 17.5 13.7 22.6 12.0 17.9  8.3 7.4 5.8 5.8 7.4 5.4 10.7 3.5 11.0  118 58 64 23 61  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  67.6 68.7 58.5 66.4 66.3  24.7 25.8 30.7 29.7 23.7  7.7 5.6 10.8 3.9 10.0  2.5 1.8 3.3 1.0 4.1  23 70 24 61 46  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  62.9 54.9 69.5 61.5 62.1  25.6 31.2 26.1 22.1 28.3  11.4 13.9 4.4 16.4 9.6  2.8 3.8 2.6 4.2 3.3  Women  California ....................................................................................  Kansas ........................................................................................ Louisiana.................................................................................... Michigan.....................................................................................  Washington ................................................................................ West Virginia..............................................................................  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  86  Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemploy­ ment, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total unemployed Population group and State (in thousands)  Duration of unemployment  Percent  Less than 5 weeks  5 to 14 weeks  15 weeks and over  27 weeks and over  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years-—Continued  Texas ...  ....  109  100.0  62.0  27.4  10.6  3.5  Alabama......... Alaska............. Arizona ........... Arkansas ........ California ........ Colorado......... Connecticut.... Delaware ........ Florida.............  .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... ...  83 11 82 56 582 85 51 9 233  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  45.2 43.4 58.9 49.0 53.2 48.3 50.8 52.2 54.9  36.2 32.4 29.6 28.3 29.0 30.9 28.8 33.6 29.4  18.6 24.2 11.5 22.7 17.9 20.8 20.4 14.1 15.7  8.0 8.6 4.6 9.1 7.9 11.6 9.2 4.9 6.2  Georgia........... Idaho................ Illinois............... Indiana............. Iowa ................. Kansas ............. Kentucky.......... Louisiana......... Maine...............  ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...  80 24 219 109 60 42 95 70 25  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  60.7 54.3 45.2 49.4 48.9 49.7 41.0 46.6 51.7  26.5 28.6 30.5 33.2 24.9 27.4 30.3 26.2 32.6  12.8 17.1 24.3 17.4 26.2 22.9 28.7 27.2 15.7  3.0 7.7 12.4 6.1 12.2 7.8 16.3 17.9 5.4  Maryland.......... Massachusetts . Michigan.......... Minnesota........ Mississippi....... Missouri ........... Montana ........... Nebraska.......... Nevada ............. New Hampshire  ... ... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  51 113 232 89 33 110 20 23 25 20  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  54.2 47.8 47.5 49.0 54.3 46.7 44.0 52.2 55.4 60.3  33.5 35.2 29.0 30.2 28.2 32.6 34.0 29.1 27.4 28.2  12.4 17.0 23.5 20.8 17.5 20.7 22.1 18.7 17.2 11.5  4.1 5.9 12.1 10.0 2.3 11.5 12.0 6.7 6.9 4.6  New Jersey...... New Mexico..... New York ......... North Carolina .. North Dakota .... Ohio .................. Oklahoma......... Oregon .............. Pennsylvania.... Rhode Island ....  .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . .  119 38 307 74 12 224 62 78 220 19  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  46.5 50.5 41.2 56.5 50.2 46.1 48.9 50.6 45.7 58.1  33.3 28.4 34.9 28.3 30.3 28.7 29.4 28.7 33.9 28.5  20.2 21.1 23.9 15.2 19.5 25.2 21.7 20.7 20.5 13.4  8.2 8.9 9.5 5.8 7.9 13.7 10.5 8.2 10.2 5.7  South Carolina .. South Dakota.... Tennessee ........ Texas ................. Utah ................... Vermont............. Virginia............... Washington....... West Virginia..... Wisconsin.......... Wyoming .............  . . . . . . .  41 10 89 436 36 11 64 129 62 94 15  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  48.7 47.2 52.4 51.3 49.5 55.4 53.6 53.3 38.3 51.6 50.6  30.1 35.0 25.4 29.1 30.5 28.6 28.2 31.2 30.9 29.4 29.4  21.2 17.8 22.2 19.6 20.1 15.9 18.2 15.5 30.8 19.0 20.0  8.0 6.6 10.2 8.1 8.6 5.0 9.3 6.6 18.5 7.3 11.3  Alabama ................................. Arkansas ................................. California ................................ District of Columbia ............... Florida.....................................  51 25 92 13 108  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  41.3 40.9 51.1 48.0 49.0  30.6 36.9 26.8 33.9 35.0  28.1 22.2 22.1 18.0 16.0  13.5 13.6 10.5 9.1 6.5  Georgia..................................... Illinois....................................... Louisiana................................. Michigan.................................. Mississippi ................................  95 136 80 86 58  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  46.8 46.2 38.8 48.0 45.0  33.1 28.6 27.1 29.4 31.9  20.1 25.1 34.0 22.7 23.0  10.5 13.0 20.7 12.2 15.0  New Jersey............................. New York ................................. North Carolina ......................... Ohio ......................................... Pennsylvania............................  40 122 42 74 41  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  45.2 42.3 53.8 39.2 45.2  34.0 30.2 28.2 26.4 25.9  20.8 27.6 18.0 34.4 28.9  9.6 12.1 9.9 16.7 18.1  Black  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  87  Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemploy­ ment, 1989 annual averages—Continued Duration of unemployment  Total unemployed Population group and State  Number (in thousands)  Percent  Less than 5 weeks  5 to 14 weeks  15 weeks and over  27 weeks and over  Black—Continued  121  100.0 100.0  35.9 45.5  34.5 28.7  29.6 25.8  13.3 16.3  California............................................... Florida....................................................  256 59  100.0 100.0  55.7 54.0  28.0 27.4  16.3 18.6  7.3 6.5  New Jersey........................................... New York ................... .......................... Texas ....................................................  18 67 191  100.0 100.0 100.0  46.8 41.8 52.8  37.5 34.4 28.9  15.7 23.9 18.3  11.7 6.9  South Carolina...................................... Texas .....................................................  38  Hispanic origin  ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  6.0  88   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Section III. Estimates for Metropolitan Areas and Cities  Labor force, employment, and unemployment data from the CPS for metropolitan areas and cities shown in tables 23-27 may differ from the estimates produced through the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program.  89  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Number  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force institutional population  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA  ......................  1,732 891 841 118  1,274 741 532 71  73.5 83.2 63.3 60.2  1,229 714 515 . 64  71.0 80.1 61.3 54.7  45 28 17 6  3.5 3.7 3.2 9.1  2.8 2.8 2.1 4.4  - 4.2 - 4.7 - 4.2 - 13.7  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......—..............  1,570 809 762 110  1,154 674 479 68  73.5 83.4 62.9 62.0  1,117 652 465 62  71.1 80.7 61.0 56.4  37 22 15 6  3.2 3.3 3.1 9.0  2.5 2.4 2.0 4.3  - 3.9 - 4.2 - 4.1 - 13.7  427 241 186  304 203 101  71.1 84.1 54.3  295 196 98  69.0 81.5 52.9  9 6 3  3.0 3.1 2.6  1.6  -  4.4  .3  -  4.9  2.9  -  5.7  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years  Hispanic origin .............................................. Women.........................................................  486 957 290  401 684 189  82.6 71.5 65.1  384 665 180  79.1 69.5 62.1  17 19 9  4.3  2,098 1,024 1,074 141  1,555 839 716 83  74.1 82.0 66.7 58.5  1,481 808 673 72  70.6 78.9 62.7 50.9  74 31 42 11  4.7 3.7 5.9 12.9  3.9 2.8 4.6 7.5  - 5.6 - 4.7 - 7.2 - 18.3  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,488 735 753 94  1,104 604 499 58  74.2 82.2 66.3 61.1  1,067 588 479 53  71.7 80.0 63.6 56.7  37 16 21 4  3.3 2.6 4.2 7.2  2.5 1.7 2.9 2.2  - 4.1 - 3.6 - 5.5 - 12.3  Women.................. .... ...... ..........................  576 269 307  425 217 208  73.8 80.6 67.8  389 202 187  67.6 75.1 61.1  36 15 21  8.4 6.9 10.0  6.2 4.1 6.6  - 10.6 - 9.7 - 13.3  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  501 1,215 382  395 922 238  78.8 75.9 62.3  363 891 227  72.6 73.4 59.2  32 31 12  8.0 3.3  6.0  - 10.0  1,807 841 966 124  1,226 657 569 75  67.8 78.1 58.9 60.3  1,166 626 540 62  64.5 74.4 55.9 49.9  60 31 29 13  4.9 4.8 5.1 17.3  4.0 3.6 3.8 11.2  - 5.8 - 5.9 - 6.3 - 23.4  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,307 629 678 74  891 497 394 45  68.2 79.0 58.1 61.4  862 479 382 39  66.0 76.3 56.4 52.4  29 17 12 7  3.2 3.4 3.0 14.7  2.4 2.3 1.8 7.5  - 4.1 - 4.6 - 4.2 - 22.0  Women ........................................................  465 198 267  311 147 164  66.8 73.9 61.6  280 133 147  60.2 66.8 55.2  31 14 17  10.0 9.6 10.3  7.4 5.9 6.7  - 12.5 - 13.3 - 13.9  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  495 944 368  372 665 188  75.2 70.5 51.2  334 652 180  67.4 69.0 49.0  39 13 8  10.4 2.0 4.2  8.2  - 12.6  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......................  1,041 492 549 69  682 376 306 32  65.5 76.4 55.7 45.8  658 362 296 29  63.2 73.6 53.9 42.3  24 14 10 2  3.5 3.6 3.4 7.6  2.9 2.8 2.5 3.4  - 4.2 - 4.5 - 4.3 - 11.7  Men............................................................. Women....................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  914 436 479 54  595 332 263 27  65.1 76.2 55.0 50.6  576 321 254 25  62.9 73.7 53.1 46.2  20 11 9 2  3.3 3.2 3.4 8.7  2.7 2.4 2.4 3.9  - 4.0 - 4.1 - 4.4 - 13.5  80 33 47  55 24 31  68.1 72.1 65.3  51 21 30  62.8 63.3 62.5  4 3 1  7.7 12.2 4.3  4.2 5.6 .8  - 11.2 - 18.7 - 7.7  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  4.6  Atlanta MSA  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................ White.............................................................  Baltimore MSA  Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................ White.............................................................  2.2  Bergen-Passaic PMSA  Black ............................................................ Women....................................................... See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  90  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutionai population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian non­ institutionai population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Bergen-Passaic PMSA—Continued 109 53 56  78 45 33  71.3 84.1 59.2  74 42 32  68.0 79 3 57.2  4  4.7  24  Women.........................................................  1  3.4  .4  -  6.4  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2....................................  286 573 182  210 383 89  73.3 66.9 49.0  198 375 86  69.1 65.4 47.2  12 9 3  5.8 2.2 3.6  4.4 1.5 1.9  -  7.3 2.9 5.4  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  2,249 1,056 1,193 146  1,568 829 739 79  69.7 78.5 61.9 54.0  1,512 797 715 69  67.2 75.5 59.9 47.6  56 32 24 9  3.6 3.8 3.3 11.9  3.2 3.3 2.7 9.0  - 3.9 - 4.4 - 3.8 - 14.8  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  2,049 969 1,079 129  1,436 764 672 72  70.1 78.8 62.2 55.8  1,389 738 651 65  67.8 76.1 60.3 50.5  47 26 21 7  3.3 3.4 3.1 9.5  2.9 2.9 2.5 6.8  - 3.6 - 4.0 - 3.6 - 12.3  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  117 47 71  77 35 42  65.2 74.6 59.1  69 31 39  59.2 65.7 54.8  7 4 3  9.3 11.9 7.2  6.4 7.1 3.7  - 12.2 - 16.7 - 10.6  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  63 32 32  41 24 16  64.3 77.0 51.5  39 23 16  61.3 72.5 50.2  2 1  4.6 6.0 2.6  1.8 1.9 -.8  - 7.4 - 10.1 - 5.9  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2....................................  758 1,129 362  569 813 185  75.1 72.1 51.2  537 795 180  70.8 70.4 49.7  32 18 5  5.7 2.2 2.9  4.9 1.8 1.9  -  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  903 424 479 65  562 302 260 38  62.2 71.3 54.2 58.3  527 279 248 32  58.4 66.0 51.6 48.9  35 23 12 6  6.2 7.5 4.7 16.0  5.2 5.9 3.4 9.9  - 7.3 - 9.1 - 6.1 - 22.0  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  823 392 432 57  527 285 242 35  64.0 72.9 56.0 62.0  500 268 232 30  60.7 68.4 53.7 52.2  27 18 10 6  5.2 6.2 4.1 15.8  4.2 4.7 2.8 9.6  - 6.2 - 7.6 - 5.4 - 22.1  Black ..............................................................  76  31  41.3  24  31.4  7  24.0  15.0  - 32.9  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  242 509 151  174 329 59  71.8 64.6 39.0  155 318 54  64.0 62.4 35.9  19 11 5  10.8 3.5 7.8  8.4 2.4 4.2  - 13.2 - 4.5 - 11.4  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  870 430 440 68  628 351 276 40  72.2 81.8 62.8 58.9  608 340 268 36  69.9 79.1 60.9 53.2  20 12 8 4  3.2 3.3 3.0 9.8  2.6 2.5 2.2 6.0  - 3.8 - 4.1 - 3.9 - 13.6  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  691 341 349 52  494 281 214 33  71.6 82.3 61.1 63.7  483 274 209 31  69.9 80.2 59.8 58.2  12 7 5 3  2.4 2.6 2.2 8.7  1.8 1.8 1.3 4.7  - 2.9 - 3.3 - 3.0 - 12.7  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women .........................................................  163 79 84  121 62 58  73.9 78.7 69.4  113 58 55  69.3 73.8 65.1  8 4 4  6.2 6.2 6.2  4.3 3.5 3.4  -  8.2 8.9 9.0  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  213 506 151  163 378 87  76.4 74.6 57.8  153 373 82  71.8 73.7 54.5  10 5 5  6.1 1.3 5.8  4.5 .8 3.8  -  7.6 1.8 7.9  70  Boston PMSA  n  6.5 2.6 3.9  Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA  Charlotte-GastoniaRock Hill MSA  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  91  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Number  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force institutional population  Area and population group  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Chicago PMSA 6.9 7.1 7.0 19.5  4,811 2,296 2,515 406  3,303 1,825 1,478 231  68.6 79.5 58.8 57.0  3,091 1,707 1,384 192  64.3 74.3 55.0 47.4  211 118 93 39  6.4 6.5 6.3 16.9  5.9 5.8 5.6 14.2  3,602 1,763 1,839 262  2,558 1,450 1,108 172  71.0 82.2 60.3 65.6  2,460 1,390 1,070 155  68.3 78.8 58.2 59.2  98 60 38 17  3.8 4.1 3.4 9.7  3.4 3.6 2.8 7.3  1,049 453 595 130  634 309 325 54  60.5 68.2 54.7 41.3  523 252 271 32  49.9 55.6 45.5 24.6  111 57 54 22  17.5 18.4 16.7 40.4  15.7 15.7 14.2 31.5  -  19.3 21.0 19.2 49.2  494 260 233  363 231 132  73.5 88.8 56.5  342 218 124  69.3 83.7 53.2  21 13 8  5.8 5.7 6.0  4.4 3.9 3.6  -  7.2 7.4 8.4  1,517 2,442 852  1,129 1,714 460  74.4 70.2 53.9  1,002 1,663 427  66.0 68.1 50.1  127 51 33  11.3 3.0 7.1  10.3 2.5 5.8  - 12.3 - 3.4 ” 8.4  1,105 508 597 102  755 401 354 62  68.3 78.8 59.3 60.4  719 384 335 50  65.0 75.6 56.1 48.9  36 16 19 12  4.8 4.1 5.5 19.1  3.9 3.1 4.2 13.8  - 5.6 - 5.2 - 6.8 “ 24.3  White............................................... Men................................................ Women.......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......... .............  911 425 485 71  639 347 292 46  70.2 81.7 60.1 64.9  619 339 280 42  67.9 79.6 57.7 58.5  20 9 11 5  3.2 2.5 3.9 9.8  2.4 1.6 2.7 5.2  -  Black............................................... Men................................................ Women..........................................  190 81 110  114 53 62  60.1 65.2 56.3  99 45 54  51.9 56.0 48.9  16 7 8  13.6 14.1 13.1  9.8 8.4 8.1  - 17.3 - 19.7 - 18.2  283 612 210  203 436 116  71.6 71.3 55.0  183 428 109  64.4 69.9 51.7  20 9 7  10.0 2.0 6.1  7.8 1.3 3.7  - 12.2 - 2.7 8.5  1,443 679 764 109  939 502 436 62  65.0 74.0 57.1 56.9  884 472 412 52  61.3 69.5 54.0 47.7  54 31 24 10  5.8 6.1 5.5 16.1  5.0 5.0 4.3 11.4  -  6.6 7.2 6.6 20.9  White............................................... Men................................................ Women.......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......... .............  1,161 552 609 87  780 424 356 54  67.2 76.8 58.4 61.8  752 411 341 48  64.7 74.5 55.9 55.1  28 13 15 6  3.6 3.1 4.3 10.8  2.9 2.2 3.2 6.5  -  4.3 3.9 5.4 15.2  Black............................................... Men................................................ Women.......................................... .............  270 122 148  150 75 75  55.6 61.3 50.8  124 57 67  46.0 46.9 45.2  26 18 8  17.3 23.5 11.1  13.8 17.8 7.0  - 20.9 - 29.3 “ 15.2  Single (never married) ................... Married, spouse present .............. ............. Other marital status2.....................  389 784 270  278 532 129  71.3 67.9 47.8  247 517 120  63.5 66.0 44.4  30 15 9  10.9 2.8 7.1  9.0 2.0 4.8  - 12.9 - 3.5 9.5  1,025 480 545 88  703 370 333 54  68.6 77.1 61.1 60.6  670 354 316 48  65.4 73.8 57.9 53.8  33 16 17 6  4.7 4.2 5.2 11.2  3.9 3.2 3.9 6.7  -  901 423 479 73  619 326 293 46  68.7 77.3 61.2 63.3  592 313 279 41  65.7 74.0 58.3 57.0  28 14 14 5  4.4 4.2 4.7 10.0  3.6 3.0 3.5 5.5  -  Total .................................................. Men.................................................. Women ............................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........... White................................................ Men................................................. Women........................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......... Black............................................... Men................................................ Women.......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........  ■™......  ............  .............  Hispanic origin ............................... Men................................................ Women.......................................... .... Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present ............... Other marital status2.....................  .............  -  _  - 4.2 - 4.7 - 4.0 - 12.1  Cincinnati PMSA  Total ................................................. Men ................................................. Women ........................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........  .............  ..... .......  Single (never married) ................... Married, spouse present ............... Other marital status2..................... ............. .............  3.9 3.4 5.1 14.5  -  Cleveland PMSA  Total ................................................. Men ................................................. Women ........................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..........  .............  .........  -  Columbus, Ohio MSA  Total ................................................ Men................................................ Women .......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ......... White.............................................. Men............................................... Women......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........  .........  .............  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  92  5.5 5.3 6.5 15.6 -  -  5.3 5.3 - 6.0 ' 14.6 -  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian non­ institutional population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Columbus, Ohio MSA—Continued  Black............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women........................................................  116 53 64  79 39 39  67.5 74.8 61.5  73 37 36  62.9 71.1 56.2  5 2 3  6.8 5.0 8.6  3.6 1.1 3.6  - 10.0 - 8.8 - 13.7  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  264 582 179  198 409 97  74.9 70.2 54.1  185 394 91  70.0 67.7 51.0  13 15 5  6.5 3.6 5.7  4.7 2.6 3.2  -  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  2,827 1,376 1,451 210  2,133 1,172 961 118  75.4 85.2 66.2 56.3  2,012 1,112 901 99  71.2 80.8 62.1 47.0  120 61 60 20  5.6 5.2 6.2 16.6  5.0 4.4 5.3 12.4  - 6.3 - 6.0 - 7.2 - 20.7  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  2,343 1,140 1,203 169  1,748 970 779 97  74.6 85.1 64.7 57.1  1,665 926 739 85  71.1 81.2 61.4 50.0  83 44 40 12  4.8 4.5 5.1 12.4  4.1 3.7 4.1 8.4  - 5.4 - 5.3 - 6.0 - 16.5  Black .............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  425 209 216  341 178 163  80.3 85.4 75.4  307 162 145  72.2 77.7 66.9  34 16 18  10.1 9.0 11.2  7.9 6.1 7.9  - 12.2 - 11.8 - 14.5  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  301 161 139  221 140 80  73.4 87.1 57.6  203 131 72  67.5 81.0 51.8  18 10 8  8.1 7.0 10.1  5.7 4.1 5.7  - 10.5 - 9.8 - 14.5  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  701 1,634 492  557 1,242 333  79.5 76.0 67.7  507 1,195 310  72.4 73.1 63.1  50 48 23  9.0 3.8 6.8  7.5 3.2 5.1  - 10.5 - 4.5 - 8.5  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  714 336 378 59  456 249 207 33  63.8 74.0 54.8 57.0  434 238 196 30  60.8 70.7 51.9 50.4  22 11 11 4  4.8 4.3 5.4 11.6  3.8 3.0 3.8 5.9  - 5.8 - 5.7 - 7.0 - 17.3  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  637 300 338 50  410 223 187 30  64.4 74.5 55.5 60.2  394 216 178 27  61.8 72.0 52.7 54.2  17 7 9 3  4.1 3.3 5.0 9.9  3.1 2.1 3.4 4.2  - 5.1 - 4.6 - 6.7 - 15.5  Black.............................................................. Men...............................................................  74 35  43 24  58.7 68.8  39 22  52.4 60.8  5 3  10.6 11.6  5.3 4.3  - 15.9 - 19.0  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2....................................  166 404 144  112 274 70  67.6 67.7 48.7  103 265 66  62.3 65.4 45.9  9 9 4  7.8 3.3 5.8  5.2 2.2 2.9  - 10.4 - 4.5 - 8.7  Total ................................................................ Men................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  1,407 678 729 96  1,021 546 475 56  72.6 80.5 65.2 57.9  974 523 451 48  69.2 77.1 61.9 50.2  48 23 24 7  4.7 4.3 5.1 13.3  3.9 3.3 4.0 8.1  - 5.4 - 5.3 - 6.3 - 18.5  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,272 608 664 84  932 497 435 53  73.3 81.7 65.5 62.8  894 478 416 46  70.2 78.5 62.6 54.3  39 20 19 7  4.1 3.9 4.4 13.4  3.4 2.9 3.3 8.1  - 4.9 - 4.9 - 5.5 - 18.7  Black.............................................................. Men...............................................................  96 48  62 33  64.3 68.9  55 30  57.0 62.9  7 3  11.3 8.7  6.3 2.6  - 16.4 - 14.8  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  149 71 78  95 48 47  63.7 67.7 60.2  87 43 44  58.6 61.3 56.1  8 4 3  8.1 9.3 6.8  4.6 4.2 2.3  - 11.5 - 14.5 - 11.3  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  343 783 281  256 581 184  74.8 74.1 65.5  237 563  69.1 71.8 62.0  20 18 10  7.6 3.1 5.4  5.7 2.3 3.5  -  8.3 4.5 8.1  Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA  Dayton-Springfield MSA  Denver-Boulder CMSA  174  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  93  9.5 3.9 7.4  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  institutional population  Number  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force Area and population group  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Detroit PMSA  8.1 8.0 8.7 22.8  Total ............................................................... Men ............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  3,327 1,600 1,727 270  2,161 1,211 950 163  65.0 75.7 55.0 60.3  1,998 1,123 875 131  60.1 70.2 50.7 48.3  163 88 75 32  7.5 7.2 7.9 19.8  7.0 6.5 7.0 16.8  -  White............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women........................................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  2,580 1,265 1,315 188  1,759 1,007 751 127  68.2 79.6 57.1 67.5  1,659 951 708 107  64.3 75.2 53.8 57.0  100 56 44 20  5.7 5.6 5.8 15.7  5.1 4.9 5.0 12.6  - 6.2 - 6.3 - 6.7 - 18.7  Black............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women........................................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  681 302 379 75  358 176 182 32  52.5 58.1 48.0 42.1  298 145 153 20  43.8 48.1 40.4 26.0  59 30 29 12  16.5 17.2 15.8 38.2  14.4 14.2 12.9 28.1  -  Hispanic origin ..............................................  39  28  70.6  24  60.9  4  13.8  7.0  - 20.6  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2.............................. .....  910 1,776 641  655 1,178 329  72.0 66.3 51.3  571 1,129 299  62.7 63.5 46.6  84 49 30  12.8 4.2 9.1  11.6 3.6 7.6  - 14.1 - 4.7 ~ 10.6  Total ............................................................... Men............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  996 469 527 52  619 333 286 31  62.1 71.0 54.2 60.5  587 318 269 27  59.0 67.8 51.1 51.9  31 15 16 4  5.1 4.5 5.7 14.3  4.1 3.3 4.3 7.6  - 6.0 - 5.7 - 7.2 - 20.9  White............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  861 408 454  513 279 235  59.6 68.4 51.7  491 267 224  57.0 65.5 49.3  23 12 11  4.4 4.2 4.7  3.4 2.9 3.2  “  Black............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  110 49 62  85 42 42  76.7 87.4 68.4  77 40 37  70.2 82.4 60.6  7 2 5  8.5 5.7 11.4  5.0 1.6 5.6  - 12.1 - 9.9 - 17.1  Hispanic origin.............................................. Men..............................................................  62 32  43 28  69.4 88.6  40 27  64.3 84.1  3 1  7.4 5.1  2.8 .3  - 12.0 9.8  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  221 559 216  174 333 112  78.6 59.6 51.7  163 320 105  73.5 57.2 48.7  11 14 7  6.5 4.1 5.8  4.5 2.9 3.4  "  Total ............................................................... Men............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  830 402 428 54  604 329 275 35  72.8 81.7 64.4 65.3  583 316 267 31  70.2 78.4 62.5 57.4  21 13 8 4  3.5 4.0 2.8 12.0  2.5 2.6 1.6 5.2  - 4.4 - 5.3 - 4.1 - 18.8  White............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women........................................................  754 368 385  549 303 245  72.8 82.3 63.7  533 293 240  70.7 79.6 62.2  16 10 6  2.9 3.2 2.4  2.0 2.0 1.2  -  Black.............................................................  63  47  73.8  42  66.2  5  10.2  4.2  - 16.2  Hispanic origin..............................................  49  36  72.6  35  70.2  1  3.2  -.7  -  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  239 454 137  184 338 82  77.0 74.4 60.0  173 332 79  72.2 73.1 57.3  11 6 4  6.2 1.7 4.5  4.0 .8 1.6  Total ............................................................... Men ............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  2,401 1,187 1,214 224  1,730 988 742 124  72.1 83.2 61.1 55.2  1,618 924 695 103  67.4 77.8 57.3 46.0  112 65 47 21  6.4 6.6 6.3 16.7  5.7 5.6 5.2 12.6  White............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,875 934 942 174  1,342 780 562 101  71.6 83.5 59.7 58.2  1,276 741 534 91  68.0 79.4 56.7 52.7  66 38 28 10  5.0 4.9 5.0 9.6  4.2 4.0 3.9 6.0  18.6 20.3 18.7 48.2  Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA  5.4 5.5 6.2  8.5 5.2 8.2  Hartford-New BritainMiddletown CMSA  -  “  3.8 4.5 3.6  7.1 8.4 2.6 7.4  Houston PMSA  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  94  -  -  -  7.2 7.5 7.4 20.7 5.7 5.9 6.1 13.2  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  institutional population  Number  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force Area and population group  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Houston PMSA-—Continued  15.2 - 18.0 14.3  442 211 232  325 171 154  73.6 81.3 66.6  284 147 137  64.2 69.6 59.3  41 25 17  12.7 14.3 10.9  10.2 10.7 7.5  328 207 122  73.0 87.1 57.2  302 192 110  67.2 80.8 52.0  26 15 11  7.9 7.2 9.1  6.0  Women.........................................................  450 237 212  5.7  - 9.9 " ~ 12.5  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2.....................................  630 1,313 458  462 954 315  73.3 72.6 68.7  415 913 290  65.9 69.6 63.4  46 41 25  10.0  8.3  - 11.8  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  953 428 525 74  708 352 356 52  74.3 82.3 67.8 71.0  680 339 342 47  71.4 79.1 65.1 63.8  28 14 14 5  3.9 3.9 3.9 10.0  2.8 2.4 2.4 3.9  - 5.0 - 5.4 - 5.5 " 16.2  618 305 313  75.5 83.7 69.0  600 297 304  73.3 81.4 66.9  18 8 9  2.9 2.8 3.0  1.9 1.4 1.6  -  Women.........................................................  818 364 454  Black..............................................................  129  84  65.5  75  57.8  10  11.7  6.0  - 17.3  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  240 509 204  192 383 133  79.7 75.3 65.3  179 375 127  74.5 73.6 62.1  13 9 6  6.6 2.3 4.9  3.9  -  1,201 569 632 95  882 471 410 70  73.4 82.8 65.0 73.5  828 444 385 54  69.0 78.0 60.9 56.9  53 28 26 16  6.0 5.9 6.2 22.6  5.0 4.5 4.7 16.5  - 7.1 - 7.2 - 7.7 - 28.8  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  1,013 492 521 75  737 407 330 57  72.8 82.8 63.4 76.0  699 386 313 45  69.1 78.6 60.1 60.5  38 20 17 12  5.1 5.0 5.2 20.4  4.1 3.6 3.7 13.8  - 6.1 - 6.3 - 6.8 - 27.1  Women.........................................................  175 73 102  132 60 72  75.7 82.5 70.8  118 53 65  67.6 72.7 63.9  14 7 7  10.7 11.9 9.7  7.0 6.2 5.0  - 14.4 - 17.6 ” 14.5  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  289 696 216  239 502 140  82.5 72.2 65.0  212 482 134  73.4 69.3 62.1  26 20 6  11.1 4.1 4.5  8.5 3.0 2.3  - 13.6 " 6.8  6,551 3,189 3,362 489  4,418 2,522 1,896 237  67.4 79.1 56.4 48.4  4,177 2,382 1,795 200  63.8 74.7 53.4 40.9  242 140 101 37  5.5 5.6 5.3 15.5  5.1 5.1 4.8 13.0  - 5.8 - 6.0 - 5.9 " 17.9  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  5,191 2,563 2,628 384  3,517 2,055 1,462 193  67.7 80.2 55.6 50.2  3,334 1,951 1,383 163  64.2 76.1 52.6 42.4  182 104 79 30  5.2 5.0 5.4 15.5  4.8 4.5 4.8 12.7  - 5.6 - 5.5 - 6.0 " 18.2  Women.........................................................  702 316 386  468 227 240  66.6 72.0 62.2  426 204 222  60.7 64.6 57.6  41 23 18  8.8 10.2 7.5  7.3 7.9 5.6  - 10.3 - 12.5 ~ 9.5  Women........................................ ................ Both sexes. 16 to 19 years........................  2,188 1,089 1,099 240  1,510 929 582 111  69.0 85.3 52.9 46.5  1,400 866 534 91  64.0 79.5 48.6 37.8  110 63 47 21  7.3 6.8 8.2 18.8  6.6 5.8 6.9 14.6  - 8.1 - 7.7 - 9.4 ” 23.1  Single (never married)................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  1,980 3,346 1,225  1,442 2,270 706  72.8 67.8 57.6  1,320 2,188 669  66.7 65.4 54.6  122 82 37  8.5 3.6 5.3  7.7 3.2 4.4  Women......................................................... Hispanic origin..............................................  -  ~  7.8  Indianapolis MSA  -  3.9 4.2 4.5  9.2 /.6  Kansas City MSA  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................ White..............................................................  Los AngelesLong Beach PMSA  Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ......................... White..............................................................  Hispanic origin..............................................  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  95  -  9.2 4.0 6.2  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian noninstitutional population  Area and population group  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Louisville MSA  746 363 383  503 279 224  67.4 76.8 58.5  478 264 214  64.1 72.8 56.0  24 15 10  4.8 5.2 4.3  3.6 3.6 2.6  _ -  5.9 6.8 5.9  White............................................... Men................................................ Women.......................................... .............  679 334 345  465 262 204  68.6 78.3 59.1  444 249 196  65.4 74.4 56.7  21 13 8  4.5 4.9 4.1  3.4 3.3 2.4  _ -  5.7 6.5 5.7  Black............................................... ........ ....  63  35  55.2  32  50.6  3  8.4  2.2  - 14.6  Single (never married) ................... Married, spouse present .............. ............. Other marital status2..................... .............  162 445 138  114 309 80  70.3 69.3 57.6  105 298 76  64.6 66.9 54.6  9 11 4  8.1 3.4 5.2  5.1 2.2 2.2  - 11.2 - 4.7 - 8.3  729 341 388  447 238 209  61.3 69.8 53.8  426 226 199  58.4 66.3 51.5  21 12 9  4.7 5.0 4.3  3.5 3.3 2.6  _ -  5.9 6.8 6.1  437 205 232  274 150 124  62.7 73.4 53.2  266 146 120  60.8 71.2 51.6  8 5 4  3.0 3.0 3.0  1.7 1.3 1.1  _ -  4.2 4.7 4.8  Black............................................... Men................................................ Women ..........................................  287 134 153  171 87 84  59.6 64.8 54.9  158 80 79  55.1 59.3 51.4  13 8 5  7.5 8.6 6.4  4.9 4.6 2.9  _ 10.2 - 12.6 - 9.9  Single (never married) ................... Married, spouse present ............... Other marital status2.....................  195 384 151  124 251 72  63.9 65.3 47.7  114 243 69  58.6 63.3 45.6  10 8 3  8.3 3.1 4.3  5.3 1.7 1.3  - 11.3 - 4.4 - 7.2  1,457 680 777 122  944 510 434 48  64.8 75.0 55.9 39.4  875 477 398 42  60.1 70.1 51.2 34.5  69 33 36 6  7.3 6.5 8.3 12.4  6.4 5.3 6.9 7.3  - 8.2 - 7.6 - 9.7 - 17.5  1,117 528 589 78  718 401 317 38  64.3 76.0 53.8 48.5  678 378 300 35  60.7 71.6 50.9 44.7  40 23 17 3  5.6 5.8 5.5 7.8  4.7 4.5 4.1 3.1  _ 6.6 - 7.0 - 6.9 - 12.5  309 138 172  203 98 106  65.7 70.8 61.6  176 88 88  56.9 63.7 51.5  27 10 17  13.4 10.1 16.4  10.5 6.5 12.1  Hispanic origin............................... Men................................................ Women..........................................  744 354 390  490 276 214  65.9 78.0 54.8  456 258 198  61.3 72.7 50.9  34 19 15  6.9 6.8 7.1  5.6 5.1 5.1  -  Single (never married) .................. Married, spouse present ............... Other marital status2.....................  403 736 319  264 507 173  65.7 68.9 54.3  240 478 157  59.5 65.0 49.4  25 29 15  9.4 5.7 9.0  7.5 4.6 6.6  11.3 - 6.8 “ 11.3  Total ............................. ................... Men ................................................. Women ........................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........  1,067 521 546 82  762 415 347 49  71.4 79.7 63.5 59.8  723 394 329 43  67.8 75.6 60.3 52.9  39 21 18 6  5.1 5.1 5.1 11.6  4.1 3.8 3.6 6.0  _ 6.1 - 6.4 - 6.5 - 17.2  White.............................................. Men................................................ Women.......................................... Both sexes. 16 to 19 years.........  950 467 483 66  688 379 309 46  72.4 81.2 63.9 70.1  662 364 297 41  69.7 78.0 61.6 62.1  26 15 11 5  3.8 3.9 3.6 11.4  2.9 • 2.7 2.3 5.7  _  Black ...............................................  100  61  61.5  49  49.2  12  20.1  13.1  Single (never married) ................. Married, spouse present ............. Other marital status2....................  300 630 137  234 442 86  77.9 70.2 62.5  213 432 78  71.0 68.6 56.9  21 10 8  8.8 2.3 9.0  6.5 1.5 5.2  Total .................................................. Men ................................................. Women ...........................................  Memphis MSA  Total ................................................. Men................................................. Women ........................................... White............................................... Men................................................ Women..........................................  .............  .............  ........  .............  Miami-Hialeah PMSA  Total ................................................. Men ................................................. Women ........................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......... White............................................... Men................................................ Women.......................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......... Black............................................... Men................................................ Women..........................................  ....... .....  .............  .............  16.2 - 13.7 - 20.7 -  8.3 8.5 9.2  -  Milwaukee PMSA  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  96  4.7 5.2 4.9 - 17.0 -  - 27.1 11.1 - 3.2 ~ 12.8  _  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian non­ institutional population  Total ............................................................... Men ............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  Area and population group  Civilian labor force  Employment  Unemployment  Number  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  1,834 905 929 130  1,392 762 630 88  75.9 84.1 67.9 67.4  1,332 730 601 77  White............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  1,728 858 870 119  1,328 728 600 83  76.9 84.9 69.0 70.1  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2.....................................  538 1,034 262  437 796 158  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  2,012 979 1,033 177  White............................................................. Men............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  72.6 80.7 64.7 59.5  60 31 29 10  4.3 4.1 4.6 11.8  3.6 3.2 3.5 7.4  - 5.0 - 5.0 - 5.7 - 16.2  1,280 703 577 74  74.1 81.9 66.3 62.5  48 25 23 9  3.6 3.4 3.9 10.8  3.0 2.6 2.9 6.4  - 4.3 - 4.3 - 4.9 - 15.1  81.2 77.1 60.3  408 774 150  75.8 74.9 57.2  29 23 8  6.7 2.9 5.2  5.1 2.1 2.9  -  1,351 777 574 87  67.2 79.3 55.6 49.2  1,306 751 555 78  64.9 76.7 53.8 44.0  45 26 19 9  3.3 3.3 3.3 10.6  2.8 2.7 2.6 7.2  - 3.8 - 4.0 - 4.1 - 14.0  1,818 890 928 159  1,203 699 505 77  66.2 78.5 54.4 48.4  1,165 677 488 69  64.1 76.1 52.5 43.3  38 21 17 8  3.2 3.0 3.4 10.5  2.7 2.4 2.6 6.9  - 3.7 - 3.7 - 4.2 - 14.1  Black .............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  145 65 81  109 55 53  74.6 85.4 66.0  103 52 51  71.1 80.0 63.9  5 4 2  4.8 6.4 3.2  2.5 2.7 .5  - 7.1 - 10.0 - 5.8  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  105 55 50  79 47 32  75.1 85.3 64.0  73 44 30  69.9 79.1 59.8  5 3 2  6.9 7.2 6.5  3.8 3.1 1.7  - 10.1 - 11.4 - 11.3  Single (never married) .................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2....................................  526 1,197 288  363 838 150  69.0 70.0 52.0  341 819 145  64.9 68.4 50.4  21 19 5  5.9 2.2 3.1  4.6 1.7 1.7  -  7.2 2.8 4.6  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women ................................................. .........  959 446 513  572 330 242  59.7 74.1 47.2  538 310 228  56.1 69.6 44.4  34 20 14  6.0 6.1 5.9  4.7 4.4 4.0  -  7.3 7.8 7.8  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.......................................... ..............  628 302 326  386 231 155  61.6 76.6 47.7  372 223 150  59.3 73.8 46.0  14 8 6  3.6 3.6 3.7  2.4 2.0 1.7  -  4.8 5.2 5.6  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  320 138 181  180 96 85  56.4 69.0 46.8  160 84 76  50.0 60.5 42.0  20 12 9  11.3 12.3 10.1  8.0 7.6 5.6  - 14.5 - 17.0 - 14.7  Single (never married) .................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2.....................................  260 499 199  149 324 99  57.2 64.9 49.9  131 314 93  50.5 62.8 46.5  17 10 7  11.7 3.2 6.7  8.3 1.9 3.5  - 15.0 - 4.4 - 9.9  Total ................................................................ Men................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  6,780 3,035 3,745 474  3,990 2,193 1,797 156  58.8 72.3 48.0 33.0  3,735 2,044 1,691 119  55.1 67.4 45.2 25.1  255 149 106 38  6.4 6.8 5.9 24.0  6.0 6.2 5.3 20.7  - 6.8 - 7.3 - 6.5 - 27.4  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................  4,790 2,167 2,623 299  2,793 1,583 1,210 112  58.3 73.1 46.1 37.5  2,652 1,500 1,152 94  55.4 69.2 43.9 31.4  141 84 57 18  5.0 5.3 4.7 16.3  4.6 4.7 4.1 12.8  - 5.5 - 5.8 - 5.4 - 19.7  Black .............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  1,539 652 888 145  914 449 465 40  59.4 68.9 52.4 27.9  810 390 420 22  52.6 59.8 47.3 15.2  104 59 45 18  11.4 13.2 9.6 45.6  10.2 11.4 8.1 35.6  -  Minneapolis-St. Paul MSA  8.2 3.6 7.4  Nassau-Suffolk PMSA  New Orleans MSA  New York PMSA  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  97  12.5 14.9 11.1 55.5  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Employment  Civilian labor force Number  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  New York PMSA—Continued  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men.............................................................. Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,367 597 770 136  760 450 310 39  55.6 75.5 40.3 28.4  698 414 284 27  51.1 69.4 36.9 19.6  62 36 26 12  8.2 8.1 8.4 30.9  7.1 6.7 6.7 22.5  - 9.3 - 9.4 - 10.1 - 39.3  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  2,249 3,068 1,463  1,383 1,957 650  61.5 63.8 44.4  1,248 1,878 610  55.5 61.2 41.7  135 79 41  9.8 4.0 6.2  9.0 3.6 5.3  - 10.6 - 4.5 - 7.2  Total ............................................................... Men ............................................................... Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  1,468 696 772 110  993 540 453 51  67.7 77.5 58.8 46.8  947 512 434 46  64.5 73.6 56.3 41.8  47 27 19 6  4.7 5.1 4.2 10.7  4.1 4.2 3.4 6.9  - 5.3 - 5.9 - 5.1 - 14.5  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,147 545 602 78  767 423 343 40  66.8 77.6 57.1 51.5  739 406 334 37  64.5 74.4 55.4 47.5  27 17 10 3  3.6 4.1 2.9 7.8  3.0 3.3 2.1 4.0  - 4.2 - 5.0 - 3.7 - 11.5  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  280 133 146  197 102 95  70.4 76.6 64.7  179 93 85  63.9 69.8 58.5  18 9 9  9.3 8.9 9.7  7.3 6.2 6.7  - 11.3 - 11.6 - 12.6  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  131 59 72  90 52 39  68.8 87.3 53.7  85 49 36  65.1 83.6 50.0  5 2 3  5.4 4.3 6.8  3.1 1.6 2.9  - 7.6 - 7.0 - 10.6  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  441 796 231  304 561 128  68.9 70.5 55.4  280 545 121  63.5 68.5 52.5  24 16 7  7.9 2.8 5.3  6.5 2.2 3.6  -  Total ............................................................... Men ............................................................... Women ........................................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  964 414 550 75  641 311 330 42  66.5 75.2 60.0 55.4  592 291 301 32  61.4 70.4 54.7 42.6  49 20 29 10  7.6 6.4 8.8 23.0  6.3 4.6 6.8 14.7  White............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women........................................................  555 252 303  376 197 178  67.7 78.4 58.7  360 189 170  64.9 75.3 56.2  16 8 8  4.2 4.0 4.3  2.8 2.2 2.3  Black............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  379 153 226  245 107 138  64.5 69.6 61.1  212 95 117  56.0 62.0 51.9  33 12 21  13.3 10.9 15.1  10.2 6.6 10.7  - 16.4 - 15.2 - 19.5  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  244 527 193  178 354 110  73.0 67.0 57.0  153 340 100  62.8 64.4 51.6  25 14 10  13.9 4.0 9.3  10.5 2.6 5.7  - 17.3 - 5.3 - 13.0  Total ................................................................ Men............................................................... Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  1,547 741 806 93  1,063 570 493 56  68.7 76.9 61.1 60.3  1,018 540 478 48  65.8 72.9 59.3 52.1  45 30 15 8  4.2 5.2 3.1 13.6  3.4 4.0 2.0 7.5  - 5.1 - 6.5 - 4.1 - 19.8  White............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  1,104 540 564  761 424 337  68.9 78.5 59.8  732 403 330  66.3 74.6 58.4  28 21 7  3.7 5.0 2.2  2.8 3.5 1.1  -  Black ............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  164 71 92  107 55 52  65.1 76.7 56.1  98 50 48  60.0 70.6 51.7  8 4 4  7.9 8.0 7.9  4.1 2.6 2.4  - 11.8 - 13.4 - 13.4  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men..........................................................  136 82  99 74  73.2 90.4  90 66  66.3 80.3  9 8  9.4 11.1  5.2 5.8  - 13.7 - 16.4  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  470 754 324  360 522 181  76.6 69.2 55.9  333 506 178  71.0 67.2 55.0  27 15 3  7.4 2.9 1.6  5.5 1.9 .3  -  Newark PMSA  9.3 3.4 7.1  Norfolk-Virginia BeachNewport News MSA  - 9.0 - 8.2 - 10.9 - 31.4 -  5.5 5.9 6.3  Oakland PMSA  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  98  4.7 6.4 3.3  9.3 4.0 2.9  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Oklahoma City MSA Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  715 349 366 61  485 262 223 31  67.9 75.0 61.1 51.6  463 252 211 27  64.8 72.1 57.8 45.0  22 10 12 4  4.5 3.9 5.3 12.9  3.5 2.6 3.7 6.7  _ 5.5 - 5.1 - 6.9 - 19.1  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  618 302 317 45  433 238 195 27  70.0 78.8 61.6 60.5  419 232 187 24  67.8 76.8 59.2 54.4  14 6 8 3  3.1 2.5 4.0 10.1  2.3 1.4 2.5 4.1  4.0 3.5 - 5.4 - 16.2 _ -  Black..............................................................  80  43  53.9  37  45.6  7  15.4  9.1  - 21.8  Single (never married) .................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2....................................  166 410 139  111 290 85  66.6 70.6 61.5  102 280 82  61.1 68.3 59.0  9 9 3  8.2 3.3 4.0  5.5 2.2 1.8  _  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  3,815 1,775 2,040 283  2,471 1,331 1,140 141  64.8 75.0 55.9 50.0  2,376 1,278 1,099 123  62.3 72.0 53.9 43.4  95 54 41 19  3.8 4.0 3.6 13.2  3.4 3.5 3.0 10.3  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  3,023 1,412 1,611 212  1,991 1,095 896 117  65.9 77.6 55.6 55.3  1,933 1,061 873 107  64.0 75.1 54.2 50.3  58 35 23 11  2.9 3.2 2.6 9.0  2.5 2.6 2.0 6.3  _  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  687 313 375  416 201 215  60.5 64.4 57.3  382 184 198  55.5 58.9 52.8  34 17 17  8.2 8.6 7.9  6.7 6.3 5.8  9.7 _ - 10.8 - 9.9  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men...............................................................  80 34  44 25  55.7 74.6  40 23  50.6 67.2  4 3  9.1 10.0  4.3 3.3  _ 13.9 - 16.6  Single (never married).........................'........ Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2....................................  1,107 2,012 696  780 1,376 315  70.4 68.4 45.3  727 1,350 299  65.7 67.1 43.0  53 26 16  6.7 1.9 5.1  5.8 1.5 3.8  _ -  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................  1,564 756 808 120  1,070 593 477 68  68.4 78.4 59.0 56.9  1,021 566 455 57  65.3 74.8 56.4 47.3  49 27 22 12  4.5 4.5 4.5 16.9  3.8 3.5 3.4 11.7  5.3 5.5 5.6 22.2 -  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  1,480 713 767 107  1,011 562 449 60  68.3 78.9 58.5 56.2  966 538 428 50  65.3 75.4 55.8 46.7  45 25 21 10  4.5 4.4 4.6 16.9  3.7 3.4 3.5 11.3  _  10.9 4.4 - 6.3 -  Philadelphia PMSA 4.2 4.6 4.2 - 16.2 _  -  3.3 3.7 3.2 - 11.8 -  -  7.7 2.3 6.4  Phoenix MSA _  -  5.3 5.4 5.8 22.4 -  Black..............................................................  49  35  70.2  32  64.8  3  7.6  1.9  - 13.3  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women .........................................................  227 113 113  154 91 63  68.0 80.8 55.2  143 86 57  63.3 76.2 50.4  11 5 5  6.9 5.7 8.6  4.3 2.7 4.2  _  Single (never married) .................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  353 933 278  268 624 177  75.8 66.9 63.8  246 606 170  69.5 64.9 61.1  22 19 8  8.3 3.0 4.3  6.3 2.2 2.5  _ 10.3 - 3.8 - 6.0  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  1,816 861 955 116  1,065 599 466 59  58.6 69.6 48.8 51.3  1,010 562 448 52  55.6 65.3 46.9 45.2  55 37 18 7  5.2 6.2 3.9 12.0  4.4 5.1 2.9 7.5  5.9 _ 7.2 4.9 - 16.5  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  1,705 810 895 105  1,003 569 434 56  58.8 70.2 48.5 53.3  955 536 420 49  56.0 66.1 46.9 46.9  47 33 14 7  4.7 5.8 3.3 12.0  4.0 4.7 2.4 7.4  5.4 _ _ 6.8 _ 4.3 - 16.6  _  9.4 8.7 13.1  Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  99  _  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA—Continued  Black............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  106 48 57  58 28 30  55.0 57.8 52.7  51 24 27  48.0 49.5 46.8  7 4 3  12.7 14.3 11.2  7.5 6.5 4.4  - 17.8 - 22.2 - 17.9  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  442 1,034 340  288 629 148  65.1 60.9 43.5  264 608 138  59.7 58.8 40.6  24 21 10  8.4 3.3 6.7  6.6 2.6 4.5  - 10.1 - 4.1 - 8.9  Total ................................................................ Men................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  945 462 483 66  669 365 304 39  70.8 79.1 62.8 60.1  638 348 290 33  67.5 75.3 60.1 50.6  31 18 13 6  4.6 4.8 4.4 15.7  3.7 3.6 3.1 9.5  - 5.5 - 6.1 - 5.7 - 22.0  White.............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  883 430 453 58  623 339 284 36  70.6 78.9 62.6 61.8  596 324 273 30  67.6 75.2 60.3 52.3  26 16 11 5  4.2 4.6 3.8 15.3  3.4 3.3 2.6 8.8  - 5.1 - 5.8 - 5.1 - 21.8  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  229 534 181  174 383 112  75.9 71.7 61.6  159 372 107  69.2 69.7 58.9  15 11 5  8.8 2.8 4.3  6.5 1.9 2.2  - 11.2 - 3.8 - 6.4  Total ............................................................... Men ............................................................... Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  873 421 452 70  604 329 275 50  69.2 78.1 60.9 71.3  578 314 264 45  66.2 74.5 58.5 63.5  26 15 11 5  4.3 4.6 3.9 10.8  3.7 3.8 3.0 7.8  - 4.9 - 5.4 - 4.7 - 13.9  White............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  837 404 432 67  578 315 263 49  69.1 78.0 60.8 72.4  554 301 253 44  66.3 74.5 58.5 65.2  24 14 10 5  4.1 4.4 3.8 10.0  3.6 3.6 3.0 7.0  - 4.7 - 5.3 - 4.6 - 13.0  Black.............................................................  25  17  70.0  16  65.6  1  6.4  1.9  - 10.9  Hispanic origin ..............................................  20  16  78.0  14  72.6  1  7.0  2.1  - 11.8  Single (never married)................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  243 488 143  187 341 75  77.2 70.0 52.8  175 331 72  72.1 67.9 50.6  13 10 3  6.7 3.0 4.2  5.4 2.3 2.5  -  Total ............................................................... Men ............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  1,701 828 873 104  1,096 631 465 54  64.4 76.2 53.3 52.0  1,051 604 447 47  61.8 72.9 51.2 45.4  45 27 18 7  4.1 4.3 3.8 12.8  3.3 3.2 2.6 6.6  - 4.9 - 5.4 - 5.0 - 18.9  White............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,538 761 777 87  977 574 403 47  63.5 75.4 51.9 54.2  939 549 390 41  61.1 72.2 50.1 47.4  38 24 13 6  3.9 4.3 3.3 12.6  3.0 3.1 2.1 6.1  - 4.7 - 5.4 - 4.5 - 19.1  Portland, Ore. PMSA  Providence-PawtucketFall River CMSA  8.0 3.6 5.8  Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA  Black.............................................................  96  68  70.6  62  65.0  5  8.0  3.1  - 12.8  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................. Women ........................................................  352 184 168  254 159 95  72.3 86.7 56.5  243 153 90  69.1 83.4 53.6  11 6 5  4.3 3.8 5.3  2.5 1.6 1.9  -  6.2 6.0 8.6  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  362 1,005 334  252 638 206  69.6 63.5 61.7  233 618 199  64.3 61.6 59.7  19 19 6  7.6 3.0 3.1  5.3 2.1 1.5  -  9.8 4.0 4.8  Total .................................................. Men................................ Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  736 348 388 56  505 273 232 35  68.7 78.4 59.9 62.7  488 265 222 32  66.3 76.2 57.4 57.6  18 8 10 3  3.5 2.9 4.2 8.0  2.6 1.8 2.8 3.3  - 4.3 - 3.9 - 5.5 - 12.8  White........................................................... Men ............................................................ Women ........................................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  683 325 358 48  469 256 213 29  68.6 78.7 59.4 60.8  453 249 204 27  66.3 76.5 57.0 56.5  16 7 9 2  3.4 2.8 4.1 7.1  2.6 1.8 2.7 2.2  - 4.3 - 3.9 - 5.5 - 11.9  Rochester MSA  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  100  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian noninstitutional population  Area and population group  Civilian labor force Number  Unemployment  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Rochester MSA—Continued  Married, spouse present ...................  42  30  72.4  29  68.6  2  5.3  0.8  9.8  200 420 116  154 287 64  76.8 68.5 55.3  145 282 61  72.3 67.3 52.3  9 5 3  5.9 1.8 5.4  3.9 1.0 2.5  1,063 486 577 73  702 372 330 42  66.1 76.6 57.2 58.4  665 355 310 33  62.5 73.0 53.7 45.1  38 18 20 10  5.3 4.8 6.0 22.7  4.2 3.3 4.2 14.2  6.5 6.3 _ 7.8 _ 31.3  924 426 498  609 327 283  66.0 76.7 56.8  579 311 268  62.7 73.1 53.8  30 15 15  4.9 4.7 5.3  3.7 3.1 3.5  6.1 6.2 7.1  70  44  63.4  39  56.5  5  10.8  3.8  82  63  77.5  58  70.8  5  8.6  3.5  13.7  _  10.5 4.5 9.5  _ _  _  7.8 2.6 8.3  Sacramento MSA  White..............................................................  _  17.7  278 539 245  217 348 138  77.9 64.5 56.1  200 337 128  71.7 62.4 52.4  17 11 9  8.0 3.2 6.6  5.5 1.9 3.7  1,875 826 1,049 125  1,236 645 591 65  65.9 78.1 56.4 52.2  1,173 616 557 52  62.6 74.6 53.1 41.4  63 29 35 14  5.1 4.4 5.9 20.7  4.3 3.4 4.6 14.1  1,543 682 861 86  1,028 542 486 50  66.6 79.5 56.5 57.5  993 527 466 41  64.3 77.3 54.1 47.9  35 15 20 8  3.4 2.8 4.1 16.6  2.6 1.8 2.9 9.6  307 129 178  193 92 100  62.7 71.4 56.4  164 78 86  53.5 60.8 48.2  28 14 15  14.7 14.9 14.5  10.9 9.4 9.3  514 1,013 348  367 705 165  71.4 69.5 47.4  331 685 158  64.3 67.6 45.4  36 20 7  9.9 2.8 4.4  7.8 2.0 2.2  12.0 3.7 - 6.5  Total ...................................................... Men ......................................................  709 348 361 71  513 282 232 50  72.4 81.0 64.1 70.7  492 271 221 44  69.4 77.8 61.3 61.7  21 11 10 6  4.1 3.9 4.4 12.7  3.5 3.0 3.4 9.2  _ -  White.................................................... Men.....................................................  684 334 350 68  496 271 226 49  72.6 81.1 64.5 71.1  476 260 216 42  69.6 77.8 61.7 61.7  21 11 10 6  4.2 4.0 4.3 13.2  3.5 3.1 3.3 9.5  35 18  25 14  72.7 74.5  23 12  65.4 68.0  3 1  10.0 8.7  5.1 2.4  14.9 - 15.0  164 443 101  132 315 66  80.5 71.0 65.1  122 308 62  74.4 69.4 61.3  10 7 4  7.6 2.3 5.9  5.9 1.6 3.7  9.4 2.9 8.1  916 434 482 72  583 325 258 37  63.6 74.8 53.5 50.8  529 294 235 27  57.7 67.6 48.8 36.9  54 31 23 10  9.3 9.6 8.8 27.4  7.8 7.6 6.7 18.7  10.8 11.6 11.0 36.1  848 405 442  537 304 233  63.4 75.1 52.7  488 275 213  57.5 67.7 48.2  50 30 20  9.2 9.8 8.5  7.7 7.7 6.2  10.8 11.9 10.7  55  38  68.8  34  61.7  4  10.4  3.8  17.0  _  St. Louis3  White.............................................................. Men....................................................  Men....................................................  Other marital status2...........................  .....  6.0 5.5 7.2 27.3  4.2 3.7 _ 5.4 23.6  -  18.5 20.4 19.7 _ -  Salt Lake City-Ogden MSA  Men.....................................................  Other marital status2...........................  .....  ..... ........  -  -  4.8 4.8 5.4 16.3 4.8 4.9 5.4 16.9  San Antonio MSA  White..............................................................  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  101  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Employment  Civilian labor force Number  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  San Antonio MSA—Continued  Hispanic origin.............................................. Men............................................................... Women........................................................  463 223 240  280 168 112  60.5 75.5 46.6  246 148 98  53.1 66.1 41.0  34 21 13  12.3 12.4 12.0  9.7 9.1 8.0  - 14.8 - 15.8 - 16.1  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  227 514 175  163 325 95  71.5 63.2 54.6  140 301 87  61.7 58.5 50.0  22 24 8  13.6 7.3 8.4  10.4 5.6 5.0  Total ................................................................ Men................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  1,716 823 893 124  1,150 633 518 81  67.0 76.9 58.0 65.5  1,093 608 485 70  63.7 73.8 54.3 56.9  57 25 32 11  5.0 3.9 6.3 13.2  4.1 2.9 4.8 8.1  _ 5.9 - 5.0 - 7.7 - 18.3  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,511 726 785 101  1,013 559 454 71  67.0 77.0 57.8 69.7  967 541 426 63  64.0 74.5 54.3 62.0  46 18 28 8  4.5 3.2 6.1 11.1  3.6 2.2 4.6 6.1  - 5.4 - 4.2 - 7.6 - 16.2  Black..............................................................  72  55  76.2  48  67.3  6  11.7  5.2  - 18.1  Hispanic origin.............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  336 173 162  229 140 89  68.3 81.1 54.7  213 134 79  63.4 77.3 48.6  17 7 10  7.2 4.7 11.2  4.8 2.1 6.3  - 9.7 - 7.3 - 16.1  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  461 901 354  356 586 209  77.1 65.0 59.0  334 564 195  72.4 62.6 55.2  22 22 13  6.1 3.8 6.4  4.4 2.7 4.1  -  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  1,297 638 659 86  898 493 404 44  69.2 77.3 61.4 51.6  862 475 387 39  66.5 74.4 58.7 44.9  36 18 18 6  4.0 3.7 4.4 13.0  3.1 2.5 3.0 6.2  - 4.9 - 4.8 - 5.7 - 19.8  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  907 454 453  645 364 281  71.1 80.1 62.0  624 354 270  68.8 78.1 59.5  20 9 11  3.2 2.5 4.0  2.2 1.4 2.4  _ -  Black..............................................................  78  46  59.3  41  52.8  5  10.9  4.1  - 17.7  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  176 89 88  130 76 54  73.9 86.2 61.4  121 74 48  68.8 82.9 54.4  9 3 6  6.9 3.7 11.4  3.7 .6 5.1  - 10.1 - 6.9 - 17.8  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  400 670 227  300 479 119  74.9 71.5 52.5  283 466 113  70.6 69.6 49.8  17 13 6  5.7 2.6 5.2  3.9 1.6 2.4  -  7.5 3.6 7.9  Total ................................................................ Men................................................................ Women ..........................................................  1,079 533 546  805 441 364  74.6 82.7 66.7  770 428 342  71.4 80.2 62.7  34 13 21  4.3 3.0 5.9  3.3 1.9 4.2  -  5.3 4.1 7.6  White............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  897 446 451  662 370 291  73.7 83.0 64.5  632 358 273  70.4 80.4 60.6  30 12 18  4.5 3.2 6.1  3.4 2.0 4.2  -  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  152 76 76  113 61 52  74.2 79.8 68.7  103 58 45  67.8 76.6 58.9  10 2 7  8.7 3.9 14.2  4.8 .3 7.1  - 12.5 - 7.5 - 21.3  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  302 598 179  244 430 130  80.9 71.9 72.7  229 418 124  75.8 69.9 69.0  16 12 7  6.4 2.8 5.1  4.2 1.7 2.5  -  16.9 - 9.1 - 11.9 -  San Diego MSA  “  7.9 4.9 8.7  San Francisco PMSA  4.1 3.7 5.6  San Jose PMSA  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  102  -  '  5.6 4.5 8.1  8.5 3.9 7.8  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Civilian non­ institutional population  Area and population group  Civilian labor force Number  Unemployment  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Seattle PMSA  1,485 738 747 103  1,098 596 502 72  73.9 80.8 67.2 69.6  1,045 571 475 59  70.4 77.3 63.5 57.5  53 26 27 12  4.8 4.3 5.5 17.3  4.0 3.2 4.1 11.5  - 5.7 - 5.4 - 6.8 - 23.1  1,320 657 663 90  988 538 450 63  74.8 81.9 67.8 69.7  945 518 427 52  71.5 78.8 64.4 58.1  43 20 23 10  4.4 3.8 5.1 16.5  3.5 2.7 3.7 10.5  - 5.2 - 4.9 - 6.5 - 22.6  72  50  69.8  44  60.9  6  12.8  6.0  - 19.6  386 845 254  313 605 180  81.2 71.5 71.0  288 590 167  74.7 69.8 65.7  25 14 13  8.1 2.4 7.4  6.0 1.6 4.8  - 10.1 - 3.2 " 9.9  Total ................................................... Men ................................................... Women ............................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ............  1,640 759 881 101  1,013 533 481 65  61.8 70.2 54.5 64.5  959 506 454 54  58.5 66.6 51.5 53.2  54 27 27 11  5.3 5.1 5.6 17.5  4.5 4.1 4.4 12.5  - 6.1 - 6.1 - 6.7 - 22.5  White................................................. Men.................................................. Women............................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........'..  1,455 673 782 78  876 462 414 50  60.2 68.7 52.9 63.9  839 444 395 45  57.7 66.0 50.5 58.1  37 18 19  4.3 3.9 4.7 9.2  3.5 2.9 3.5 4.8  - 5.0 - 4.9 - 5.8 - 13.6  Black................................................. Men.................................................. Women............................................  164 76 88  121 63 58  73.8 83.0 65.9  106 55 51  64.6 72.0 58.2  15 8 7  12.5 13.3 11.7  9.0 8.2 6.7  _ 16.1 - 18.4 - 16.6  Hispanic origin ................................. Men.................................................. Women............................................  102 48 54  64 36 28  62.5 75.4 51.1  60 34 26  58.6 71.2 47.3  4 2 2  6.3 5.5 7.4  2.8 1.2 1.6  - 9.8 - 9.9 - 13.1  Single (never marned) ..................... Married, spouse present ................. Other marital status2........................  337 942 362  255 567 191  75.9 60.1 52.9  230 548 182  68.4 58.1 50.3  25 19 10  9.9 3.4 5.0  7.9 2.5 3.3  - 11.9 - 4.2 - 6.7  Total ................................................... Men ................................................... Women ............................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years............  2,838 1,385 1,453 196  2,145 1,145 1,000 108  75.6 82.7 68.8 55.0  2,086 1,116 970 94  73.5 80.6 66.8 48.0  59 29 30 14  2.7 2.5 3.0 12.6  2.3 2.0 2.3 8.6  - 3.2 - 3.1 - 3.6 - 16.5  White................................................. Men.................................................. Women............................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...........  2,079 1,038 1,041 141  1,566 865 701 78  75.3 83.3 67.3 55.5  1,534 851 683 71  73.8 82.0 65.6 50.6  32 14 18 7  2.0 1.6 2.5 8.9  1.6 1.1 1.8 4.9  - 2.5 - 2.2 - 3.3 - 12.9  Black................................................. Men.................................................. Women............................................  650 295 355  491 236 255  75.6 79.9 72.0  466 222 244  71.7 75.2 68.8  25 14 11  5.1 5.9 4.4  3.8 3.8 2.7  -  Hispanic origin ................................. Men..................................................  100 53  82 51  82.2 94.9  80 49  80.2 92.4  2 1  2.4 2.6  .2 -.4  Single (never married) ..................... Married, spouse present ................. Other marital status2........................  885 1,478 475  706 1,131 308  79.7 76.5 64.8  673 1,114 300  76.0 75.3 63.2  33 18 8  4.7 1.6 2.5  3.7 1.1 1.4  Total ................................................... Men ................................................... Women .............................................  582 260 322  353 177 176  60.7 68.3 54.6  320 161 159  55.0 62.1 49.2  33 16 17  9.4 9.0 9.8  7.2 6.0 6.6  -  White................................................. Men.................................................. Women............................................  239 115 124  138 75 63  58.0 65.7 50.8  130 70 60  54.6 61.0 48.7  8 5 3  5.8 7.2 4.2  3.0 3.0 .6  8.6 11.3 “ 7.7  Total .................................................. Men .................................................. Women ............................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........... White................................................ Men................................................. Women........................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......... Black.................................................  ...........  ........... ...........  Single (never married) ..................... Married, spouse present ................. Other marital status2........................ ........... ........... Tampa-St. PetersburgClearwater MSA  5  Washington D.C. MSA  ~ ~  6.4 7.9 6.1 4.7 5.6 5.7 2.0 3.6  Baltimore central city  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  103  11.5 12.0 - 12.9 -  _  -  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Baltimore central city—Continued Black ............................................................. Men........................................................ Women.........................................................  337 140 197  210 97 113  62.4 69.4 57.4  185 87 98  55.0 61.9 50.0  25 10 15  11.9 10.8 12.9  8.5 6.0 8.0  15.3 ' _ 15.6 - 17.7  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  210 217 155  147 140 65  70.2 64.6 42.1  125 135 60  59.5 62.0 39.0  23 6 5  15.4 4.0 7.3  11.2 1.7 2.8  19.5 _ 6.4 - 11.8  Total ............................................................... Men ............................................................... Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  2,288 1,058 1,230 206  1,460 793 668 90  63.8 74.9 54.3 43.5  1,319 715 604 66  57.7 67.6 49.1 31.8  141 78 63 24  9.7 9.8 9.5 26.9  8.8 8.6 8.3 21.9  10.5 _ 10.9 10.7 _ - 31.8  White............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................  1,302 634 668 84  880 505 374 44  67.6 79.7 56.0 52.0  834 476 358 38  64.0 75.1 53.6 44.9  46 29 16 6  5.2 5.8 4.4 13.6  4.4 4.7 3.2 8.0  _ _  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women........................................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  895 381 514 113  519 251 268 42  57.9 65.9 52.1 37.0  425 204 221 24  47.5 53.4 43.0 21.5  94 47 46 18  18.1 18.8 17.4 41.9  16.1 15.9 14.6 31.7  _ _ _ -  20.1 21.8 20.2 52.1  Hispanic origin.............................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  360 180 180  251 156 95  69.8 86.7 53.0  235 146 89  65.3 80.9 49.6  16 10 6  6.5 6.6 6.3  4.7 4.3 3.4  _  _ -  8.3 8.9 9.2  Single (never married)................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  845 942 501  581 631 248  68.7 67.0 49.6  493 601 225  58.3 63.8 45.0  88 30 23  15.2 4.7 9.2  13.6 3.8 7.3  16.8 _ 5.6 - 11.2  Total ................................................................ Men................................................................ Women ..........................................................  399 183 216  219 118 101  54.9 64.7 46.6  191 100 91  47.9 54.6 42.2  28 19 9  12.8 15.6 9.4  10.4 12.2 6.4  15.1 _ 19.1 - 12.4  White............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  210 101 109  132 74 58  62.8 73.2 53.2  122 68 54  58.0 67.2 49.5  10 6 4  7.6 8.2 6.9  5.3 4.9 3.4  10.0 _ 11.6 10.3 -  Black ............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  184 80 103  83 43 40  45.1 53.8 38.4  65 31 34  35.4 38.3 33.1  18 12 5  21.6 28.8 13.8  16.4 20.6 7.6  _  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  116 177 107  70 101 48  60.2 57.1 45.5  54 95 42  46.4 53.8 39.7  16 6 6  22.9 5.8 12.8  17.8 3.4 7.8  28.0 _ 8.2 - 17.7  Total ................................................................ Men ............................................................... Women ..........................................................  755 365 390  573 304 270  75.9 83.2 69.1  529 283 247  70.1 77.4 63.2  44 21 23  7.7 7.0 8.5  6.3 5.2 6.4  9.1 _ 8.8 - 10.6  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  528 260 268  390 213 177  73.9 81.8 66.2  366 200 166  69.3 77.0 61.8  24 13 12  6.2 5.9 6.6  4.7 3.9 4.3  _  Black.............................................................. Men........................................ Women.........................................................  220 101 118  177 87 90  80.8 86.4 76.1  158 79 79  71.9 77.8 66.8  20 9 11  11.1 9.9 12.2  7.9 5.7 7.6  .  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men..........................................  107 54  75 45  70.0 84.3  69 42  64.8 78.2  5 3  7.3 7.2  3.4 2.2  .  Single (never married) ............ Married, spouse present ................... Other marital status2................  261 323 170  217 239 118  83.1 73.8 69.0  193 224 112  73.9 69.4 65.6  24 14 6  11.1 6.0 4.9  8.5 4.1 2.5  _  Chicago central city  6.0 7.0 5.5 _ - 19.2  Cleveland central city  26.8 _ 37.0 - 20.0  Dallas central city  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  104  _ -  7.7 7.9 8.9  14.2 _ 14.2 - 16.8 11.3 - 12.2 13.7 7.9 - 7.4  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian non­ institutional population  Number  Unemployment  Employment  Civilian labor force Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Detroit central city  17.5 - 18.7 - 17.8 - 42.4  Total ................................................................ Men................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  767 343 424 73  380 193 187 30  49.6 56.3 44.2 41.1  320 162 159 20  41.8 47.2 37.4 26.9  60 31 29 10  15.7 16.1 15.3 34.4  13.9 13.6 12.7 26.5  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  148 71 77  72 42 30  49.1 59.9 39.1  67 39 28  45.2 54.4 36.6  6 4 2  8.0 9.2 6.2  4.9 5.0 2.0  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  607 265 342 65  300 145 155 25  49.4 54.8 45.3 38.6  247 118 128 16  40.7 44.7 37.5 24.3  53 27 27 9  17.7 18.3 17.2 37.0  15.4 14.9 14.0 25.9  _ -  Single (never married).................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  280 263 224  149 140 91  53.1 53.5 40.6  111 130 79  39.7 49.4 35.4  38 11 12  25.3 7.5 12.7  21.9 5.3 9.4  - 28.7 - 9.6 - 16.1  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  454 210 244 27  315 158 157 11  69.3 75.3 64.2 42.3  299 150 149 9  65.8 71.4 61.1 34.1  16 8 8 2  5.0 5.1 4.9 19.3  4.3 4.2 4.0 13.0  - 5.7 - 6.1 - 5.9 - 25.6  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  149 74 76  119 63 56  79.4 84.9 74.1  116 61 54  77.3 82.9 71.9  3 1 2  2.6 2.3 3.0  1.8 1.3 1.8  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women...................................................... .?. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  295 132 163 21  189 92 97 8  64.0 69.6 59.5 38.1  176 85 91 6  59.7 64.6 55.8 28.9  13 7 6 2  6.7 7.2 6.2 24.1  5.6 5.6 4.7 14.6  _ 7.7 - 8.8 - 7.6 - 33.5  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  21 11 10  18 10 8  83.8 92.2 75.2  17 9 7  79.2 87.2 71.1  1 1  5.5 5.5 5.5  2.3 1.2 .8  - 8.7 - 9.8 - 10.3  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2....................................  205 135 113  156 96 63  76.0 71.1 55.1  145 94 60  70.8 69.4 52.6  11 2 3  6.8 2.4 4.6  5.7 1.5 3.1  -  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........................  1,280 632 648 102  915 511 404 52  71.5 80.7 62.4 51.3  852 474 378 42  66.6 74.9 58.4 41.1  63 37 26 10  6.9 7.2 6.5 19.9  5.9 5.8 5.0 13.2  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  912 457 455 65  651 371 280 37  71.4 81.1 61.6 56.3  620 353 267 33  68.0 77.2 58.7 51.1  31 18 13 3  4.7 4.9 4.6 9.2  3.7 3.5 3.1 3.4  Black.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  319 150 169  225 118 108  70.7 78.3 64.0  196 100 96  61.4 66.5 56.8  30 18 12  13.2 15.0 11.3  10.2 10.6 7.2  - 16.3 - 19.5 - 15.3  Hispanic origin.............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  305 161 144  218 141 77  71.4 87.3 53.5  199 131 68  65.3 81.0 47.6  19 10 9  8.6 7.3 11.1  6.1 4.4 6.4  - 11.1 - 10.1 - 15.8  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present .............................. Other marital status2....................................  377 607 296  278 423 214  73.9 69.7 72.1  252 402 198  66.8 66.2 66.9  27 21 15  9.5 5.0 7.2  7.4 3.7 5.0  -  566 264 302  429 215 215  75.8 81.4 70.9  406 203 203  71.7 76.9 67.1  23 12 12  5.5 5.5 5.4  3.8 3.2 3.2  _  _ 11.1 - 13.5 - 10.5 20.1 21.7 20.5 48.2  District of Columbia  <4)  _ -  3.4 3.4 4.3  8.0 3.2 6.0  Houston central city  - 7.9 - 8.6 - 8.0 - 26.5 5.8 6.2 6.1 - 15.0 -  - 11.7 6.3 - 9.3  Indianapolis central city  Total ................................................................ Men ................................................................ Women .......................................................... See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  105  _ -  7.1 7.8 7.7  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutionai population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian non­ institutionai population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Indianapolis central city—Continued White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  435 203 233  343 170 173  78.8 84.0 74.2  329 164 165  75.6 80.8 71.1  14 6 7  4.0 3.8 4.2  2.4 1.6 1.9  _  Black......................................................  129  84  65.5  75  57.8  10  11.7  6.0  - 17.3  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  154 314 98  126 235 69  81.7 74.7 70.2  115 227 63  75.0 72.3 64.3  10 7 6  8.2 3.2 8.4  4.6 1.5 3.5  11.8 4.8 13.4 -  Total ................................................................ Men............................................................... Women ......................................................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................  2,609 1,293 1,316 171  1,798 1,024 774 84  68.9 79.2 58.8 49.3  1,673 954 719 69  64.1 73.8 54.6 40.5  125 70 55 15  7.0 6.8 7.1 18.0  6.3 6.0 6.2 13.7  _  White............................................................. Men.......................................................... Women ........................................................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................  1,985 997 987 131  1,375 807 568 65  69.3 80.9 57.5 49.3  1,285 760 525 54  64.7 76.2 53.1 41.2  90 46 43 11  6.5 5.8 7.6 16.5  5.8 4.9 6.4 11.7  7.2 _ 6.6 _ 8.8 - 21.3  Black............................................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  366 164 201  245 117 128  67.0 71.3 63.5  217 100 117  59.4 60.6 58.3  28 18 10  11.4 14.9 8.2  9.1 11.1 5.4  _  Hispanic origin .............................................. Men.............................................................. Women.........................................................  918 474 444  660 408 252  71.9 86.0 56.8  600 377 223  65.4 79.4 50.3  60 31 29r  9.1 7.6 11.4  7.8 6.1 9.1  _  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  889 1,210 510  672 824 302  75.6 68.1 59.2  604 787 282  68.0 65.0 55.4  68 38 20  10.1 4.6 6.5  8.9 3.8 5.0  11.3 5.3 - 8.0  Total ............................................................... Men .................................................. Women .........................................................  457 217 240  310 163 147  67.9 75.1 61.5  285 150 135  62.4 69.1 56.3  25 13 12  8.1 7.9 8.3  6.2 5.4 5.6  _  White............................................................. Men............................................................. Women.......................................................  351 169 183  244 131 113  69.6 77.7 62.1  232 124 107  66.0 73.7 58.9  13 7 6  5.2 5.2 5.2  3.4 2.8 2.6  _  Black ...................................................... ......  95  58  61.1  46  48.2  12  21.1  13.8  - 28.5  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  154 228 76  115 149 46  75.1 65.5 60.5  101 144 40  66.1 63.2 52.7  14 5 6  12.1 3.6 12.9  8.4 1.8 6.9  15.8 5.5 - 18.9  Total ...................................................... Men ........................ Women .................................. Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................  5,845 2,583 3,262 408  3,364 1,835 1,529 127  57.6 71.0 46.9 31.2  3,132 1,701 1,432 93  53.6 65.9 43.9 22.8  232 134 98 34  6.9 7.3 6.4 26.7  6.5 6.7 5.8 22.9  _ _  White.................. Men..................................... Women ................ Both sexes, 16 to 19 years....  3,974 1,776 2,198 241  2,251 1,273 978 85  56.6 71.7 44.5 35.3  2,129 1,202 927 70  53.6 67.7 42.2 29.0  122 71 51 15  5.4 5.6 5.2 17.9  4.9 4.9 4.5 13.8  _ _  Black ......................... Men............ Women.................... Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................  1,461 614 847 138  862 421 441 39  59.0 68.7 52.0 28.3  762 364 398 21  52.2 59.4 46.9 15.4  100 57 43 18  11.6 13.5 9.8 45.6  10.4 11.7 8.3 35.6  _ _  Hispanic origin .. . Men....... Women ........... Both sexes. 16 to 19 years.......................  1,259 542 717 125  678 402 276 32  53.8 74.2 38.5 25.7  618 367 251 21  49.1 67.7 35.0 16.5  60 35 25 12  8.9 8.7 9.1 36.1  7.7 7.2 7.2 26.4  _ _  Single (never married) ........................... Married, spouse present ...................... Other marital status2..............................  1,967 2,580 1,299  1,191 1,611 562  60.6 62.5 43.3  1,067 1,540 525  54.2 59.7 40.5  125 71 36  10.5 4.4 6.5  9.6 3.9 5.4  -  5.5 6.0 6.4  Los Angeles central city 7.6 7.6 8.1 _ - 22.3  13.8 18.8 - 10.9 10.3 9.1 - 13.6  Milwaukee central city 10.0 10.5 - 11.1  -  6.9 7.5 7.7  New York central city  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  106  7.3 7.9 7.0 - 30.6 5.9 6.2 5.9 22.0 -  12.8 15.3 11.4 55.7 -  10.0 10.2 10.9 - 45.8 11.4 4.9 - 7.5  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian noninstitutional population  Civilian labor force Number  Unemployment  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  Philadelphia central city Total .................................................  .............................................. White Men................................................  Men................................................  1,292 583 ' 709 95  732 382 350 37  56.6 65.5 49.4 39.2  687 356 331 29  53.2 61.1 46.7 30.6  45 26 19 8  6.1 6.8 5.5 21.8  5.2 5.4 4.2 14.7  736 327 409  415 224 191  56.4 68.4 46.8  399 213 186  54.2 65.1 45.4  17 11 6  4.0 4.8 3.0  2.9 3.3 1.6  -  523 241 282  305 151 155  58.4 62.6 54.9  277 136 141  53.1 56.5 50.1  28 15 13  9.1 9.7 8.6  7.2 6.8 6.0  11.0 - 12.5 - 11.2  445 544 303  286 325 121  64.1 59.8 39.9  258 314 114  58.0 57.8 37.7  27 11 7  9.6 3.3 5.6  7.8 2.2 3.4  701 336 365  490 270 220  69.9 80.4 60.1  462 253 209  65.9 75.3 57.3  27 17 10  5.6 6.3 4.7  657 312 344  458 253 205  69.7 80.8 59.6  433 237 196  65.9 76.0 56.8  25 15 10  123 56 67  83 47 36  67.7 84.0 54.1  76 43 33  62.2 77.7 49.4  177 381 143  133 263 94  75.1 69.0 65.6  120 254 88  310 130 180  176 86 90  56.7 65.8 50.1  169 71 98  101 50 51  137  _ _ _ _  7.1 8.1 6.8 29.0 5.0 6.4 4.3  _ _  11.5 4.3 7.9  4.4 4.6 3.1  _ _ _  6.8 8.0 6.4  5.5 6.0 4.8  4.2 4.3 3.0  _  6.7 7.8 6.5  7 4 3  8.1 7.5 8.8  4.3 2.7 2.9  _ _  11.8 12.3 14.7  67.7 66.8 61.6  13 9 6  9.9 3.3 6.0  6.9 2.0 3.1  _ _  12.9 4.6 8.9  157 77 81  50.7 58.8 44.9  18 9 9  10.5 10.6 10.4  7.2 5.9 5.8  _  59.7 70.9 51.7  96 48 47  56.6 68.4 48.1  5 2 3  5.1 3.4 6.8  2.0 -.2 1.8  8.3 - 7.1 _ 11.8  72  52.5  59  42.8  13  18.4  11.3  25.5  123 99  80 60  64.9 60.3  68 56  55.2 57.0  12 3  14.9 5.5  9.3 1.3  20.5 9.7  661 318 343  401 232 169  60.6 72.8 49.2  358 205 153  54.2 64.4 44.7  42 27 16  10.6 11.5 9.3  8.7 9.0 6.5  606 295 311  367 216 151  60.5 73.2 48.5  328 191 137  54.1 64.6 44.1  39 25 14  10.6 11.7 9.2  8.7 9.0 6.3  -  398 194 204  231 142 89  57.9 73.0 43.6  203 123 80  50.9 63.3 39.0  28 19 9  12.1 13.2 10.4  9.3 9.5 6.1  _  182 340 139  131 195 75  72.1 57.2 53.7  112 178 68  61.6 52.4 48.8  19 16 7  14.6 8.4 9.2  10.9 5.9 5.1  '  Phoenix central city  White..............................................................  St. Louis central city Men .................................................. White.............................................................. Men.................................................  13.7 - 15.3 _ 14.9  San Antonio central city  White.............................................................. Men.................................................  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  107  _ _  12.5 14.1 12.0  12.6 14.4 _ 12.0 15.0 17.0 14.7 18.4 10.8 13.3  Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands)  Area and population group  Civilian non­ institutional population  Civilian labor force Number  Employment  Percent of population  Number  Unemployment  Percent of population  Number  Rate  Error range of rate1  San Diego central city Total ................................................................ Men ............................................................... Women ..........................................................  764 374 390  513 285 229  67.2 76.1 58.6  489 272 217  64.0 72.8 55.5  24 12 12  4.8 4.4 5.3  3.5 2.7 3.3  _  White............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  648 319 329  437 244 193  67.5 76.6 58.7  418 234 184  64.5 73.4 55.9  19 10 9  4.3 4.1 4.7  3.0 2.4 2.6  _  Hispanic origin.............................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  193 101 91  128 80 48  66.7 79.1 52.9  119 76 43  62.0 75.0 47.5  9 4 5  7.0 5.1 10.1  3.7 1.6 3.7  Single (never married)................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  245 366 153  180 231 103  73.4 63.0 67.3  170 220 99  69.3 60.1 64.7  10 11 4  5.5 4.6 3.9  3.2 2.7 1.3  Total ................................................................ Men................................................................ Women ..........................................................  616 310 306  404 228 176  65.5 73.7 57.3  381 216 165  61.8 69.6 53.9  23 13 11  5.7 5.5 6.0  4.2 3.5 3.6  _  White.............................................................. Men............................................................... Women.........................................................  347 182 165  249 148 102  71.9 81.1 61.7  239 143 96  68.9 78.4 58.4  10 5 5  4.2 3.3 5.4  2.4 1.3 2.3  _  Hispanic origin ..............................................  88  64  72.9  58  66.5  6  8.8  3.7  - 14.0  Single (never married) ................................. Married, spouse present ............................. Other marital status2....................................  222 278 116  161 189 54  72.4 67.9 46.7  149 182 50  67.3 65.3 42.9  11 7 4  7.1 3.9 8.3  4.3 2.0 3.2  9.8 5.8 - 13.4  .  -  -  6.1 6.0 7.3 5.7 5.8 6.7  10.3 8.7 - 16.4 _  _  . -  -  7.9 6.4 6.5  San Francisco central city  1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval, which means that if repeated samples were drawn from the same population and an error range constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out of 10 cases the true value based on a complete census of the population would be contained within these er­ ror ranges. 2 “Other marital status” includes divorced, widowed, separated, and married with spouse absent. 3 Data do not reflect the official U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  -  -  7.3 7.6 8.5 5.9 5.4 8.4  _ -  definition of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). See appendix C. 4 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent. NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed per­ centages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  108  Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands) Managerial and professional specialty Employment status and area  Total  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, administra­ Professiona Technicians tive, and specialty and related support managerial  Sales  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Precision Handlers, Administra­ Service production, Machine Transporta­ equipment tive sup­ occupations craft, and operators, tion and cleaners, port, in­ repair assemblers, material helpers, cluding and inspec­ moving and labor­ clerical tors ers  CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE  Metropolitan areas:2  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ............ Atlanta.............................................. Baltimore........................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................... Boston PMSA................................... Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill........... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA .............................. Cleveland PMSA.............................. Columbus, Ohio................................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................ Dayton-Springfield............................ Denver-Boulder CMSA..................... Detroit PMSA.................................... Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA .......................................... Houston PMSA................................. Indianapolis....................................... Kansas City....................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .... Louisville ........................................... Memphis............................................ Miami-Hialeah PMSA........................ Milwaukee PMSA............................. Minneapolis-St. Paul........................ Nassau-Suffolk PMSA..................... New Orleans..................................... New York PMSA .............................. Newark PMSA.................................. Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News............................................ Oakland PMSA................................. Oklahoma City.................................. Philadelphia PMSA ........................... Phoenix ............................................. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ..... Portland, Ore. PMSA....................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA .......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.... Rochester ......................................... Sacramento ...................................... St. Louis............................................ Salt Lake City-Ogden...................... San Antonio...................................... San Diego......................................... San Francisco PMSA...................... San Jose PMSA............................... Seattle PMSA................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.... Washington D.C.................................  <3)  1,270 1,550 1,216 681 1,562 556 626 3,268 747 934 700 2,125 453 1,018 2,134  218 257 167 109 261 62 77 432 99 115 97 329 50 170 234  168 184 183 106 292 74 71 458 99 149 96 273 55 148 288  616  93  82  «  0  603 1,719 707 877 4,389 499 445 934 755 1,386 1,348 566 3,956 990  73 261 89 111 600 63 55 108 82 156 237 78 576 159  83 231 86 94 621 56 42 89 102 231 217 75 586 151  637 1,055 482 2,462 1,063 1,060 666  58 169 61 320 153 126 101  75 172 58 358 135 146 90  602 1,090 503 696 1,224 510 574 1,144 892 801 1,092 1,008 2,138  69 139 67 86 196 74 64 170 185 150 151 147 399  73 135 73 98 176 70 62 140 148 152 195111 419  57 49 20 61 i3>  15 78 (3)  32 (3)  73 «  42 69  57  (3) <3i  130 « (3) (3i (3i  52 35 (3)  110 27 <3)  44 <3)  85 35 36 (3>,  18 pi  t3) a  43 22 <3) <3> <3) <3>  48 31 111  159 226 126 94 195 61 86 423 103 112 97 279 44 118 276  177 278 212 116 274 96 88 629 134 157 125 386 66 179 324  152 168 170 68 193 89 66 411 93 120 99 263 63 126 282  166 170 137 69 137 63 77 328 77 96 64 222 53 102 256  97  97  84  78  56 243 116 116 501 71 54 133 97 176 198 81 397 110  123 259 127 156 728 73 85 160 124 261 221 88 731 176  74 230 92 120 537 57 55 164 106 168 139 91 618 113  85 167 68 96 508 60 53 104 92 136 149 68 372 93  79 119 66 285 148 123 89  92 190 78 476 175 164 105  111 115 68 302 138 168 81  106 123 59 290 123 122 68  73 138 74 92 143 63 79 157 113 104 130 142 205  96 144 79 132 226 93 101 197 147 128 187 198 371  73 153 57 84 142 63 92 161 123 85 122 127 250  83 154 58 95 116 51 74 123 71 61 126 115 195  i3)  76 275 40 118 64 63 129 81 302 52 630 165 81  76 230 44 100 71 57 138 68 253 58 534 125 64  89 72 53 47 54 46 76 207 50 79 35 119 51 40 213 <3)  53 79  o  (3)  27 127 <3>  30 29 67 27 40 87  pi  51 26 133 48 58 41 67 55 33 <3>  68 28 (3t  58 a  44 47 43 35  37 80 <3)  77 43 148  233 75  <3)  o  (3>  o  30 158 39 36 27 85  t3)  47 399 37 59 64 87 44  <3)  pi  (3)  (3>  53 67 53 28 34  52 48 21 47  92 i3)  55 165  «  (3>  (3>  <3>  37 <3)  45 p)  47 46 p)  174 39 p)  57 49 p)  138 40 <3)  t3)  <3)  (3>  <3>  88 37 49 28  97 46 59 29  22 49  23 51  i3>  (3>  p)  t3)  (3)  59 22  20 p)  (3)  (3>  <3>  <3>  <3)  <3)  (3>  <3i  42 37 53  38 70  Cities:  Baltimore........................................... Chicago ............................................. Cleveland .......................................... Dallas................................................. Detroit................................................ District of Columbia ......................... Houston............................................. Indianapolis....................................... Los Angeles...................................... Milwaukee......................................... New York .......................................... Philadelphia ...................................... Phoenix ............................................. St. Louis............................................ San Antonio...................................... San Diego.........................................  349 1,434 218 572 367 314 909 428 1,786 305 3,333 727 486 172 394 510  <3i  148 <3)  78 24 50 127  <3>  185 <3>  57 36 62 119  (3>  <3i  242  230  <3)  i3)  456 80 66  487 79 56  <3) (3>  77  <3>  38 74  i3)  30  161  <3)  <3>  0  67 30 20 131 74 217 35 322 57 76  (3)  14  <3) (3>  51 <3)  100 i3) <3) (3)  <3)  <3)  60 62  <3>  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  109  0  70 81  o  71 78  (3>  132 26 52 32 18 78  i3)  116 34 <3)  53 <3)  42  i3)  (3)  189 37 303 77 55  161 35 214 45  (3)  pi  62  (3)  85  o  <3>  <3>  (3)  i3>  11 42 <3)  52 p)  153 32  (3)  (3)  21 11 59 (3)  63  (3)  123 38 (3)  (3)  (3)  (3)  48  <3)  0  (3)  49  (3)  <3i  p)  Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Managerial and professional specialty Employment status and area  Total  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, administra­ Professional Technicians tive, and specialty and related support managerial  Sales  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Precision Handlers, Service Administra­ production, Machine Transporta­ equipment tive sup­ occupations craft, and operators, tion and cleaners, port, in­ repair assemblers, material helpers, cluding and inspec­ moving and labor­ clerical tors ers  CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE  Cities:  San Francisco..................................  400  70  71  1,229 1,481 1,166 658 1,512 527 608 3,091 719 884 670 2,012 434 974 1,998  214 249 166 107 256 60 421 97 111 95 318 49 165 228  164 181 182 105 286 74 71 449 98 146 94 267 53 143 281  587  89  81  583 1,618 680 828 4,177 478 426 875 723 1,332 1,306 538 3,735 947  72 253 89 110 587 63  82 226 84 93 609  55  41 86 100 229 214 74 569 146  (3>  a  a  a  a  147 158 158 67 186 83 62 375 86 108 92 244 60 118 257  162 166 130 66 129 57 74 311 74 89 61 212 50 98 241  84 64 50 44 51 44 72 187 47 71 32 112 48 38 186  a 50 47 20 44 a 27 120 a 29 26 59 26 37 78  49 62 43 26 32 a 28 139 36 32 25 76 a 34 69  93  79  74  a  a  a  56 226 113 108 481 70 52 124 94 169 192 78 375 107  118 248 123 151 697 70 83 151 120 252 213 84 690 168  72 209 88 111 500 54 51 150 99 160 134 85 583 107  82 152 65 90 477 57 50 99 89 128 145 63 346 88  50 74 a 43 368 35 a 54 59 79 43 a 211 68  a 71 a 41 138 a a  a 84 a 45 144 a a 41 a 54 42 a 117 37  a a a 84 34 45 26  a a a 88  21 46 a a 52 20 a a a a 40 34 49  a 73 a a 16 10 54 a 53  43  60  63  154 215 120 92 189 59 84 398 98 106 93 262 42 113 263  173 266 206 111 266 91 87 598 131 152 121 366 64 172 308  a  91  a  EMPLOYED  Metropolitan areas:2  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ............ Atlanta............................................... Baltimore........................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA.................... Boston PMSA................................... Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill........... Chicago PMSA................................. Cincinnati PMSA .............................. Cleveland PMSA.............................. Columbus, Ohio................................ Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................ Dayton-Springfield............................ Denver-Boulder CMSA.................... Detroit PMSA.................................... Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA .......................................... Houston PMSA................................. Indianapolis....................................... Kansas City....................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .... Louisville ........................................... Memphis........................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA....................... Milwaukee PMSA............................. Minneapolis-St. Paul ...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA..................... New Orleans..................................... New York PMSA .............................. Newark PMSA.................................. Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News............................................ Oakland PMSA................................. Oklahoma City.................................. Philadelphia PMSA .......................... Phoenix ............................................. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ..... Portland, Ore. PMSA....................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA .......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.... Rochester ......................................... Sacramento ...................................... St. Louis............................................ Salt Lake City-Ogden ...................... San Antonio...................................... San Diego......................................... San Francisco PMSA...................... San Jose PMSA............................... Seattle PMSA................................... Tarnpa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.... Washington D.C.................................  77  104 80 152 232 77  560 157  55  i3) 55 48 19 61 (3i 15 76 0 31 a 72 a 41 66  55  a a 128 a a a a 51 35 a 105 27  33  a 44  45 a 162 37  592 1,018 463 2,376 1,021 1,010 638  73 170 56 353 133 145 89  a  167 60 315 149 123 98  a 84 34 35 a  69 116 64 276 142 118 85  85 184 74 462 168 159 103  102 109 64 285 131 159 76  101 118 57 281 117 110 65  a 47 24 124  578 1,051 488 665 1,173 492 529 1,093 862 770 1,045 959 2,086  68 135 66 83 191 73 62 167 182 145 147 142 391  72 132 72 96 172 69 61 137 146 149 189 107 414  17 a a a 43 21 a a a a 48 30 110  70 134 71 89 140 61 71 152 110 101 124 138 197  93 137 76 126 217 91 93 187 143 123 179 189 365  70 147 54 79 131 59 82 146 117 81 112 116 240  79 149 57 90 109 49 67 119 69 58 118 109 189  63 52 30 a 65 27 a 56 a 40 34  20 49 a a a 19 a a a a a 37 68  320 1,319 191 529 320 299 852 406 1,673  <3)  (3>  142 a 75 23 50 122 (3) 234  180 <3)  a 30 a a a 13 a a 50  a 145 a 61 26 18 122 71 206  72 255 38 109 58 61 124  68 205 37 89 60 53 125 64 233  a 122 22 49 29 17 70 a 180  a 101 29 a 42 a 39 a 143  a 58 a a a 11 38 a 47  55  44  44 55  38  41 44  44  53 26  Cities:  Baltimore........................................... Chicago ............................................. Cleveland .......................................... Dallas................................................ Detroit................................................ District of Columbia......................... Houston............................................ Indianapolis....................................... Los Angeles......................................  55  35 60 116 <3) 222  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  no  77  282  Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Managerial and professional specialty Employment status and area  Total  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, Technicians administra­ Professional specialty and related tive, and support managerial  Sales  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Precision Handlers, Administra­ Service Machine Transporta­ equipment production, tive sup­ occupations craft, and operators, tion and cleaners, port, in­ repair assemblers, material helpers, cluding and inspec­ moving and labor­ clerical tors ers  EMPLOYED—Continued  Cities:  Milwaukee......................................... New York .......................................... Philadelphia ...................................... Phoenix ............................................. St. Louis............................................. San Antonio...................................... San Diego......................................... San Francisco..................................  285 3,132 687 462 157 358 489 381  (3> 442 77 64 (3) pi 75 68  <3) 473 78 55 <3i 38 71 69  41 68 51 23 50 29 19 177 29 50 30 112 19 44 135  3 8 1  4 4 1 1 5 1  <4> 11 2  <3) 96 (3) pi i3) i3) <3> <3>  <3) 142 30 (3) <3) (3) (3> (3)  34 302 52 73 (3> 52 60 41  49 590 160 77 (3> 65 78 58  53 502 115 60 o 62 73 58  35 282 74 51 <3) 42 47 <3)  32 194 40 <3> <3) <3> (3i (3)  5 10 7  4 12 6 5 9 5 1 31  6 10 13  4 4 7 4 9 6 3 16  5 8 3 3 3 1 4 19  (3)  3  3  (3)  6  8  3  3  11  7 4 2 27  a 103 34 <3> <3) (3) (3>  UNEMPLOYED  Metropolitan areas:2  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ............. Atlanta............................................... Baltimore........................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA ..................... Boston PMSA ............................... Butfalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill........... Chicago PMSA................................. Cincinnati PMSA ............................... Cleveland PMSA............................... Columbus, Ohio................................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................. Dayton-Springfield............................. Denver-Boulder CMSA..................... Detroit PMSA.................................... Fort Lauderdale-HotlywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA .......................................... Houston PMSA.................................. Indianapolis....................................... Kansas City....................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .... Louisville ........................................... Memphis............................................ Miami-Hialeah PMSA........................ Milwaukee PMSA............................. Minneapolis-St. Paul......................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA...................... New Orleans..................................... New York PMSA.............................. Newark PMSA.................................. Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News............................................ Oakland PMSA................................. Oklahoma City.................................. Philadelphia PMSA ........................... Phoenix ............................................. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ..... Portland, Ore. PMSA........................ Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA .......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.... Rochester ......................................... Sacramento ...................................... St. Louis............................................ Salt Lake City-Ogden ....................... San Antonio...................................... San Diego......................................... San Francisco PMSA ....................... San Jose PMSA................................ Seattle PMSA................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.... Washington D.C.................................  2 5 1 d  8 1  e>  2 1 1 1  2 6 1 5 6  <3>  29  4  1  (3>  20 100 27 48 213 21 19 59 32 54 42 28 221 43  1 7 1 1 13 1 1 5 2 4 4 1 17 3  1 5  <3i  2 2  o <3)  2 2  a  3 1 16 4  a  45 37 18 85 42 50 28  3  2  (3)  2  2  n  1 5 4 3 3  1 5 2 1 1  1 4 1 3 5  1 3 1 2 4  <"> <3> <3>  1  1 1  (4)  3  t3) « i3)  4 3 5 4 5 8  2 2 6 4 5  25 4 6 4 17 2 5 14  P)  2 11 1 5 6  2  2 2 2  3  24 39 16 31 51 18 46 51 30 30 47 49 52  6  p) n  3  12 1 1 3  2  1  (3) 1 1 3  2 (3> <3) 1 <3) 5 1  t3) 1 1 1 <3)  p> (4>  i3)  1 1  1  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  in  7 6 4 36 7 12 7 19  5 5 20 2 6 16  3  3  8 25  4 15  5  4  5  5  6 12 3 6 31  2  17 3 8 20  2 2  2 2  9 3 7 6 3 21 4  9 4 9 8 4 41 8  22 4 10 37 3 4 14 7 8 5 6 35 6  3 14 3 6 31 3 3 5 3 8 4 5 26 5  9 4 1 10 7 5 4  7 7 3 14 7 5 3  9 7 5 17 6 9 5  5 4 2 9 6 12 3  3 4 2 3 2 3 8 5 3 3 6 4 8  3 7 3 7 9 2 8 10 5 5 8 9 5  2 7 3 5 11 4 10 14 6 4 9  5 5 1 6 7  3  2  1  <4i 2  3  2  11  10  7 4 3  3 5  <3)  4 31  2 5 5  8 1 <3>  22 7 4  2  4 3 3  i3) 2  2  4  7 6 6  2 3 1  19 3  1 2 8  <4)  4 2 9  i3) 3  3  8  10 <3)  (3)  <3) 6  2 10 <3) <3> 4 (3) 3 1 t3) 13 3 « (3) (3)  10 4 4 3  2 2  1 7  <3>  i3)  (3)  1 1 3  <3)  <3>  4 5 10 2  2  8 (3> 10 21 <3) <3) 5 (3> 4 6 <3)  22 3 t3) 0 <3)  4 3 4 1  9 3 6 3  2  2 5  <4> <3> <3> (3>  pi <3)  7 1  (3> (3i <3) <3) (3)  1  a a a a3 2  2  3  4  Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Managerial and professional specialty Employment status and area  Total  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, Technicians administra­ Professional specialty and related tive, and support managerial  Sales  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Precision Handlers, Service production, Machine Transporta­ equipment Administra­ tive sup­ occupations craft, and operators, tion and cleaners, assemblers, port, in­ repair material helpers, and inspec­ cluding moving and labor­ clerical tors ers  UNEMPLOYED—Continued  Cities:  Baltimore........................................... Chicago............................................. Cleveland .......................................... Dallas................................................. Detroit..... .......................................... District of Columbia......................... Houston............................................. Indianapolis....................................... Los Angeles...................................... Milwaukee......................................... New York .......................................... Philadelphia ...................................... Phoenix ............................................. St. Louis............................................ San Antonio..................................... San Diego......................................... San Francisco ..................................  29 115 27 43 47 15 57 23 113 19 200 40 24 14 36 21 19  (3>  i3) 6  i3) 5  a2  2 1 1 3  1 1 4  (3> <3) 0 1  a a1 a4 a a a a a a  (3)  (3>  8 <3> 15 2 2 <3) <3i 2 2  8 i3) 14 1 1  3.2 4.4 4.2 3.4 3.2 5.2 3.0 5.4 3.8 5.4 4.3 5.3 4.3 4.3 6.3  1.6 3.2 .9 1.4 1.9 2.2 .6 2.6 2.1 3.0 1.7 3.3 1.4 2.8 2.5  2.2 1.9 .8 1.0 1.8 .8 .6 1.8 .9 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.3 3.1 2.2  a3.9  1 3 1  8 25 7 11 11 4 13 4 19 5 32 10 3  a10  a15  4 3 3 1 7  6  4 2 9 2 11 1 20 5 3  4 20 2 9 6 3 5 3 20 3 40 5 4  a8  a5  a8  a6  2 2  3 2  5 4  3.0 4.6 5.2 2.6 3.1 2.9 2.4 5.8 4.3 5.4 4.1 6.1 5.4 4.4 5.0  2.5 4.3 2.7 4.3 3.1 5.2 1.4 4.9 2.4 3.1 3.8 5.1 2.8 3.5 5.1  3.7 6.0 7.5 2.8 3.6 6.9 6.4 8.8 7.3 9.8 7.0 7.4 5.0 6.3 8.9  a16 a6  1  a9 2 21 4 4  a11 a3 a18 3 20 5  a4 a a a a5 a5 a11  a12 a a6 1 5  a10 a20  3  5  a a a a a  a a a a a  a a a a a  2.3 2.5 5.2 5.1 6.3 9.3 3.9 5.0 3.9 6.5 4.0 4.8 5.8 3.7 6.0  5.6 11.3 5.2 6.6 5.4 3.0 5.4 9.3 5.3 9.8 8.9 6.2 7.4 5.2 12.5  a3.6  7.3 7.8 19.2 7.7 5.9  a  a  a  a  a  2  a  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE  Metropolitan areas:2  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA........... Atlanta............................................... Baltimore........................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA.................... Boston PMSA................................... Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA........... Charlotte-Gastoma-Rock Hill.......... Chicago PMSA ................................. Cincinnati PMSA .............................. Cleveland PMSA.............................. Columbus, Ohio................................ Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................ Dayton-Springfield ............................. Denver-Boulder CMSA................... Detroit PMSA.................................... Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA .......................................... Houston PMSA................................. Indianapolis....................................... Kansas City....................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA.... Louisville ........................................... Memphis............................................ Miami-Hialeah PMSA....................... Milwaukee PMSA............................. Mmneapolis-St. Paul ....................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA..................... New Orleans..................................... New York PMSA.............................. Newark PMSA.................................. Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News............................................ Oakland PMSA................................. Oklahoma City.................................. Philadelphia PMSA .......................... Phoenix ............................................. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .... Portland, Ore. PMSA....................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA .......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.... Rochester ......................................... Sacramento ...................................... St. Louis............................................ Salt Lake City-Ogden ...................... San Antonio......................................  1.6 5.1 1.3  a .8 2.2  a3.5 (3i  1.7  a1.4 4.5  4.7  4.4  1.6  <3>  5.6  4.0  5.6  5.8  3.3 5.8 3.8 5.5 4.8 4.2 4.3 6.3 4.2 3.9 3.1 5.0 5.6 4.4  1.1 2.7 .7 .7 2.2 1.0 1.1 4.2 2.8 2.4 1.9 1.6 2.9 1.6  1.1 2.1 2.6 1.6 2.0 2.3 2.4 3.2 1.7 1.0 1.5 1.1 2.8 2.7  a  .7 7.0 2.4 7.0 3.9 2.7 4.2 6.6 3.0 4.0 3.0 4.2 5.4 3.4  4.5 4.5 2.7 3.6 4.2 3.2 2.3 5.6 2.9 3.4 3.7 4.5 5.6 4.5  2.8 9.4 4.8 8.1 6.8 5.9 8.1 8.6 6.3 4.6 3.6 6.3 5.6 5.5  3.8 8.7 4.2 6.3 6.0 4.5 5.7 4.8 3.7 6.0 3.0 7.9 7.1 5.4  7.1 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0 4.7 4.3  5.2 1.3 2.1 1.6 2.7 2.4 3.3  2.5 1.1 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.4  a  11.9 3.0 1.8 3.4 4.4 3.9 4.4  7.1 3.5 4.5 3.0 3.9 3.2 2.6  8.0 5.7 6.8 5.7 4.6 5.2 5.8  4.5 3.4 3.2 3.2 4.9 9.5 4.8  4.0 3.6 3.1 4.5 4.1  1.8 2.9 1.0 3.4 2.5 1.6 3.5  1.9 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.3 1.7 1.1  3.9 2.9 3.4 3.8 1.7 4.0 10.7  3.3 5.1 3.7 5.0 4.0 2.3 7.5  3.3 4.3 5.6 6.1 7.4 6.2 11.2  5.5 3.1 1.5 6.0 5.6 4.5 10.1  3.6  8.0  3.9  (3>  a 1.6  a  a a a 2.6 1.3  a 4.2 2.1 .5  a 1.5 2.2 1.6  a 1.3  a  a  a .5 1.5  a  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  112  5.7 6.1  a 8.1 7.8 5.8  a 7.6 7.2 8.9 2.8  a 9.5 9.2  a 8.3 7.0 7.3 7.5 6.4 8.1 5.9 5.4 8.1  a 4.3 4.3  a  1.7 4.6 5.6  a1.9 5.5  a3.2 7.8 12.2 1.2 6.9 9.6  8.1  a 4.1 6.7  a  a 11.0 a5.9 2.0  a 7.3 6.4  a a a  a  6.4 12.3 8.8 10.4 7.4 10.9  a9.4 13.0  8.7  a 18.3 12.8  a a 10.1  a 6.6 12.9  a 15.7 8.2  a a a  4.8 7.0 7.3 4.6  9.4 5.8 10.2 10.2  7.6 .4  9.6 10.7  a a  a a  a  11.7  6.0  a  6.8 a  Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced’ civilian labor force by occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Managerial and professional specialty Employment status and area  Total  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, administra­ Professional Technicians tive, and specialty and related support managerial  Sales  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Precision Handlers, Administra­ Service production, Machine Transporta­ equipment tive sup­ occupations craft, and operators, tion and cleaners, port, in­ repair assemblers, material helpers, cluding and inspec­ and labor­ moving clerical tors ers  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE—-Continued  Metropolitan areas:1 2  San Diego......................................... San Francisco PMSA ....................... San Jose PMSA............................... Seattle PMSA................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.... Washington D.C.................................  4.4 3.4 3.8 4.3 4.9 2.4  2.1 1.8 3.4 2.8 3.2 2.0  2.4 1.5 1.6 2.9 3.2 1.2  « p) p) 1.9 2.0 1.0  3.2 2.7 3.1 4.4 2.9 4.1  5.3 3.2 3.9 4.1 4.6 1.5  8.9 5.2 4.7 7.7 8.7 4.0  3.5 4.1 3.5 5.7 5.5 3.1  « 2.6  <3) 2.4 <3> (3>  <3i 10.1 p> 8.8 12.0 9.2 7.2 3.3 5.1 3.2 62 8.8 4.2  5.3 7.3 5.3 7.9 8.7 4.5 4.0 4.3 6.6 5.2 6.3 3.1 5.1  10.7 10.9 15.2 10.9 15.1 6.5 9.1 6.5 7.7 8.3 6.1 7.8 5.1  <3> 7.8 14.5 5.6 9.5 6.4 9.5 <3> 4.9 6.3 7.0 5.0 7.0 t3) 12.9 4.7  3.3 i3> 8.0 5.3 6.6 4.1  (3i p) a i3) 4.8 3.7  <3>  <3)  <3) 6.2 (3> <3> <3i 4.2 11.0 (3> 9.3  i3) 14.4 e> p) 26.2 12.3 8.5 « 16.1  pi  0 6.3 6.6 7.2  Cities:  Baltimore........................................... Chicago............................................. Cleveland .......................................... Dallas................................................. Detroit ............................................... District of Columbia ........................ Houston............................................. Indianapolis....................................... Los Angeles...................................... Milwaukee ......................................... New York .......................................... Philadelphia ...................................... Phoenix ............................................. St. Louis............................................ San Antonio...................................... San Diego......................................... San Francisco ..................................  8.4 8.0 12.3 7.5 12.7 4.7 6.3 5.3 6.3 6.4 6.0 5.5 4.9 8.3 9.2 4.2 4.8  (3>  3.9 (3i 3.1 4.0 1.7 3.4 t3) 3.2 i3) 3.2 2.7 2.9 0  p) 2.7 2.7  pi  3.6 3.5 2.4 2.2 <3) 3.3 p) 3.0 1.2 1.9 (3>  1.8 3.6 2.0  (3>  4.6 i3) <3i 1.5 0 3.8 pi pi  <3>  <3> (3t  12.9 2.8 4.9  pi  p)  1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience. 2 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary Definitions”. 3 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  <3>  7.0 4.1 3.1  o  11.7 6.2 6.9  «  12.8 16.2 <3> 20.6 <3) 7.1 <3> 11.4 9.7 9.2 11.1 <3)  pi  <3)  7.3 7.9 p)  16.1 12.4 <3)  p)  <3)  pi  <3)  (3)  <3i  i3)  <3)  o  <3)  i3>  standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. 4 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent. NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of rounding.  113  Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages Total employed Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Managerial and professional specialty  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Executive, Technicia­ administra­ Profession­ ns and al spe­ related tive, and cialty managerial support  Sales  Administra­ tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Service occupa­ tions  Precision Handlers, production, Machine Transpor­ equipment craft, and operators, tation and cleaners, repair assem­ material helpers, blers, and moving and labor­ inspectors ers  TOTAL  Metropolitan areas:1  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Atlanta ............................................. Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................... Boston PMSA ................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA ............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA ................... Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA......................................... Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA...................... Milwaukee PMSA ........................... Minneapolis-St. Paul...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.......................................... Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA...................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis.......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA ..................... San Jose PMSA ............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  1,229 1,481 1,166 658 1,512 527 608 3,091 719 884 670 2,012 434 974 1,998  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  17.4 16.8 14.2 16.3 16.9 11.4 12.6 13.6 13.5 12.6 14.2 15.8 11.4 17.0 11.4  13.3 12.2 15.6 15.9 18.9 14.0 11.6 14.5 13.6 16.5 14.0 13.3 12.3 14.7 14.1  2.8 3.7 4.1 2.9 4.0 3.5 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.0 4.2 3.3  12.5 14.5 10.3 13.9 12.5 11.3 13.8 12.9 13.7 12.0 13.9 13.0 9.7 11.6 13.1  14.1 18.0 17.7 16.9 17.6 17.3 14.3 19.4 18.2 17.2 18.0 18.2 14.8 17.7 15.4  11.9 10.7 13.5 10.1 12.3 15.7 10.2 12.1 12.0 12.3 13.7 12.1 13.9 12.1 12.9  13.2 11.2 11.2 10.0 8.5 10.8 12.2 10.1 10.3 10.1 9.1 10.5 11.6 10.1 12.1  6.9 4.3 4.3 6.6 3.4 8.4 11.8 6.1 6.5 8.0 4.8 5.6 11.0 3.9 9.3  2.3 3.4 4.1 3.0 2.9 2.7 4.4 3.9 3.1 3.3 4.0 2.9 6.1 3.8 3.9  4.0 4.2 3.7 3.9 2.1 4.1 4.7 4.5 5.0 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.4 3.5  587  100.0  15.1  13.8  3.7  15.6  15.8  13.5  12.5  3.2  2.7  2.3  583 1,618 680 828 4,177 478 426 875 723 1,332 1,306 538 3,735 947  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  12.4 15.7 13.0 13.3 14.1 13.1 12.9 11.8 11.1 11.4 17.8 14.3 15.0 16.5  14.1 14.0 12.3 11.2 14.6 11.5 9.6 9.8 13.8 17.2 16.4 13.8 15.2 15.5  3.2 3.4 3.7 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.5 2.8 3.7 3.8 2.6 3.3 2.8 2.8  9.5 13.9 16.7 13.1 11.5 14.5 12.1 14.1 13.0 12.7 14.7 14.4 10.0 11.3  20.2 15.3 18.1 18.2 16.7 14.7 19.5 17.3 16.6 19.0 16.3 15.6 18.5 17.7  12.3 12.9 12.9 13.4 12.0 11.2 11.9 17.1 13.7 12.0 10.2 15.9 15.6 11.3  14.0 9.4 9.5 10.9 11.4 12.0 11.8 11.3 12.3 9.6 11.1 11.7 9.3 9.3  8.6 4.6 5.1 5.2 8.8 7.2 6.7 6.2 8.2 5.9 3.3 2.1 5.7 7.2  2.8 4.4 3.7 5.0 3.3 5.2 5.6 3.7 2.9 3.3 3.4 4.1 4.3 3.9  2.2 5.2 3.7 5.4 3.5 5.8 4.5 4.7 3.6 4.0 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.9  592 1,018 463 2,376 1,021 1,010 638  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  9.2 16.4 12.9 13.3 14.6 12.2 15.3  12.4 16.7 12.2 14.9 13.0 14.4 13.9  3.3 4.3 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.2  11.7 11.4 13.9 11.6 13.9 11.7 13.3  14.4 18.0 16.0 19.5 16.4 15.7 16.1  17.2 10.7 13.7 12.0 12.9 15.8 12.0  17.1 11.6 12.4 11.8 11.5 10.9 10.2  5.4 4.6 5.2 5.2 4.3 5.4 6.0  3.8 2.1 4.1 3.5 3.4 4.5 4.1  4.0 3.0 3.8 3.7 4.3 5.2 4.0  578 1,051 488 665 1,173 492 529 1,093 862 770 1,045 959 2,086  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  11.8 12.8 13.6 12.5 16.3 14.7 11.7 15.3 21.1 18.9 14.0 14.8 18.7  12.4 12.5 14.8 14.5 14.7 13.9 11.5 12.5 16.9 19.4 18.1 11.2 19.9  3.0 3.1 4.3 3.0 3.7 4.3 2.7 3.5 3.0 4.8 4.6 3.1 5.3  12.1 12.8 14.6 13.4 12.0 12.4 13.4 13.9 12.8 13.1 11.9 14.3 9.4  16.0 13.0 15.5 18.9 18.5 18.5 17.6 17.1 16.5 15.9 17.1 19.7 17.5  12.1 14.0 11.1 11.9 11.2 12.0 15.5 13.4 13.6 10.5 10.7 12.1 11.5  13.6 14.2 11.7 13.5 9.3 9.9 12.6 10.9 8.0 7.6 11.3 11.4 9.1  11.0 5.0 6.2 3.4 5.6 5.5 4.2 5.1 3.6 5.3 4.2 4.2 1.6  3.5 4.7 2.6 4.1 2.7 3.8 3.3 2.7 1.3 2.1 3.2 3.8 3.2  3.6 4.3 3.6 3.5 4.4 4.1 4.8 2.4 2.4 1.5 3.8 3.6 2.4  320 1,319 191 529 320 299 852 406 1,673 285 3,132 687 462 157 358 489 381  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  6.2 10.8 5.4 14.2 7.1 16.6 14.4 11.1 14.0 7.4 14.1 11.3 14.0 13.5 9.1 15.3 18.0  9.9 13.7 9.1 10.5 10.9 20.2 13.7 11.4 13.3 10.3 15.1 11.3 11.8 11.2 10.5 14.5 18.2  2.2 2.2 2.8 3.5 4.3 4.4 3.7 4.1 3.0 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.0 2.9 3.0 4.1 3.6  10.3 11.0 7.2 11.5 8.2 6.0 14.3 17.6 12.3 11.8 9.6 7.5 15.8 7.6 14.6 12.2 10.7  22.5 19.3 19.7 20.5 18.2 20.2 14.6 19.0 16.9 17.4 18.8 23.3 16.7 22.6 18.1 15.9 15.3  21.2 15.5 19.4 16.9 18.7 17.8 14.7 15.7 13.9 18.7 16.0 16.8 13.0 16.4 17.4 15.0 15.3  9.9 9.2 11.6 9.4 9.0 5.6 8.3 9.5 10.8 12.3 9.0 10.7 11.1 4.8 11.7 9.5 7.0  5.0 7.7 15.1 5.5 13.1 1.6 4.6 4.2 8.5 11.2 6.2 5.9 4.5 8.1 4.2 6.8 6.0  6.1 4.4 4.0 3.2 5.1 3.5 4.4 2.4 2.8 3.2 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2 3.6 1.6 2.1  5.4 5.5 5.2 4.3 4.9 3.3 6.3 4.5 3.2 3.9 3.3 4.9 4.6 7.2 5.0 2.6 3.3  Cities:  Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland....................................... Dallas......................... Detroit .............................................. District of Columbia .................. Houston.......................................... Indianapolis .................................... Los Angeles...... .................. Milwaukee ...................................... New York........................................ Philadelphia..................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis .......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ................................ See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  114  Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  714 808 626 362 797 279 340 1,707 384 472 354 1,112 238 523 1,123  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  Managerial and professional specialty Executive, administra­ Profession al spe­ tive, and cialty manageria  Technical, sales, and administrative support Technicia­ ns and related support  Sales  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Administra tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Service occupa­ tions  Precision production craft, and repair  Handlers, Machine Transpor­ equipment operators, tation and cleaners, assem­ material helpers, blers, and moving and labor­ inspectors ers  Men  Metropolitan areas:1  Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ........ Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA ............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA................... Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA......................................... Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA...................... Milwaukee PMSA ........................... Minneapolis-St. Paul...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News .......................................... Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA...................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis .......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA..................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...................... ........  17.8 18.0 14.9 18.6 18 7 12.3 13.9 15.5 15.6 14.9 15.0 17.1 12.1 17.5 12.9  12.3 16 2 14.5  3.2  14 3  11.5 8.9 13.4 13.3 15.3 11.9 12.3 11.2 14.6 13.3  2.8 2.4 2.1 2.8 2.9 3.3 4.0 2.4 4.6 3.2  12.1 14.2 12.3 13.7 10.3 15.0 13.4 7.6 11.3 10.9  6.4 5.3 8.3 6.6 6.4 7.2 7.1 4.2 7.4 5.7  12.6 8.1 10.8 9.4 9.9 11.0 10.2 9.9 8.9 9.5  19.0 20.2 16.6 17.0 17.4 15.9 17.1 19.2 17.6 20.1  11.2 10.0 7.4 7.7 10.3 6.5 6.3 15.3 4.6 12.1  4.6 7.0 6.4 5.2 5.6 6.8 4.6 9.4 6.5 6.0  6.3 6.9 6.4 7.1 5.7 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.0 4.9  25  318  100.0  16.1  12.3  3.4  16.1  4.8  10.7  22.0  3.8  4.3  3.5  316 924 339 444 2,382 264 226 477 394 730 751 310 2,044 512  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  15.1 17.8 15.1 14.2 13.8 13.9 13.6 13.9 11.8 13.8 20.6 17.0 16.0 19.6  12.1 12.3 11.8 9.7 14.2 8.5 8.6 9.3 13.0 15.9 14.9 13.5 12.2 13.2  2.5 3.2 4.5 4.1 2.9 3.6 3.7 2.4 2.9 3.4 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.4  9.2 13.1 18.5 13.9 11.2 14.7 11.5 14.2 14.2 14.2 13.8 12.9 10.9 11.3  9.9 5.5 3.9 6.1 7.2 6.3 7.6 7.5 6.7 7.1 5.6 4.2 9.4 6.3  9.7 9.6 9.0 9.9 10.9 7.6 9.3 13.9 10.1 9.0 9.1 14.3 14.9 9.7  23.8 15.2 17.4 18.3 18.1 19.4 19.0 18.9 20.0 16.2 18.5 19.5 15.9 16.1  9.0 6.3 5.8 6.0 9.5 8.2 6.3 4.3 9.1 7.7 3.2 2.2 4.9 7.7  4.0 6.9 6.3 8.6 5.3 8.0 10.1 6.2 4.8 5.5 5.5 6.4 7.5 6.6  3.4 8.3 5.7 7.8 5.1 8.5 7.4 7.4 5.5 5.7 4.8 5.6 5.1 6.3  291 540 252 1,278 566 562 348  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  9.5 17.4 13.3 15.8 15.5 14.8 15.4  11.5 16.9 10.6 14.0 12.8 13.0 14.0  4.5 5.4 4.2 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.9  8.5 8.0 13.4 10.4 12.9 10.3 13.2  4.9 7.3 5.9 7.7 5.8 5.6 5.8  9.0 9.0 9.6 9.9 10.6 10.3 9.2  31.6 19.9 20.6 20.2 18.9 18.7 17.0  6.3 5.6 6.5 5.6 4.7 7.2 6.9  5.5 3.7 7.0 5.9 5.3 7.5 6.4  6.0 4.7 5.8 5.6 6.4 8.1 5.4  314 604 265 355 616 271 294 608 475 428 571 506 1,116  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  13.9 12.6 16.4 11.6 18.3 17.5 11.9 15.4 22.4 19.9 14.2 16.7 20.1  11.4 11.1 14.4 15.6 12.9 13.1 8.7 12.2 17.2 21.8 18.6 10.1 19.4  2.8 3.0 4.3 3.0 3.8 4.8 2.6 3.4 2.6 5.9 5.3 2.8 5.8  11.5 10.9 14.4 13.9 10.6 12.4 10.4 14.6 11.9 13.5 13.1 14.7 9.3  6.1 5.1 4.6 6.0 8.1 7.2 9.4 6.3 9.9 6.7 6.6 6.8 7.1  9.2 10.4 7.9 7.8 8.9 8.7 13.1 11.4 13.5 9.2 7.0 9.0 8.6  22.2 22.6 19.3 24.2 16.0 15.9 21.4 17.7 13.2 11.6 18.8 19.9 15.9  10.6 6.0 6.9 4.0 7.0 5.8 5.2 6.1 2.2 5.4 4.9 4.9 1.9  5.9 7.9 4.0 7.1 4.1 6.6 5.6 4.5 2.1 3.2 5.0 6.5 5.5  4.9 5.5 4.7 5.3 7.1 6.6 7.2 3.7 3.9 1.9 5.3 5.6 3.8  161 715 100 283 162 150 474 203 954 150 1,701 356 253 77 205 272  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  5.8 10.7 3.7 14.6 6.4 15.9 15.0 13.0 13.4 7.3 14.7 12.3 15.0 11.2 8.3 16.1  11.3 11.9 7.6 9.2 9.3 21.5 11.4 9.4 13.1 9.4 11.9 10.6 12.1 10.2 9.4 13.7  2.3 1.8 2.7 4.2 3.1 4.7 3.2 4.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.9 3.5 2.9 4.2  8.6 9.3 4.7 13.2 6.3 5.1 13.9 17.8 12.2 13.1 10.3 7.1 14.1 5.3 10.7 12.9  8.0 10.4 9.8 9.8 8.2 11.0 5.7 5.7 8.7 7.7 10.2 10.2 5.5 16.0 9.0 6.3  15.8 15.4 15.6 14.2 17.9 16.1 11.3 13.0 12.6 15.1 15.5 15.2 11.3 13.1 16.4 12.9  18.4 15.0 21.0 15.1 15.2 10.3 13.5 17.7 17.6 18.8 15.5 18.0 18.3 9.2 19.2 15.1  6.1 9.2 19.7 6.2 17.4 1.3 6.6 5.3 8.5 13.2 5.4 6.1 4.9 10.3 5.0 7.8  12.0 7.4 7.2 5.2 8.1 6.9 7.6 4.6 4.5 5.0 7.9 8.3 7.0 5.8 6.3 2.5  10.1 7.8 7.1 7.3 7.4 6.0 10.2 7.4 4.4 6.3 5.4 8.0 6.7 12.5 8.3 4.2  Cities:  Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit ............................................ District of Columbia ........................ Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York ........................................ Philadelphia..................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis .......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... 1 See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  115  Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued Managerial and professional specialty  Total employed Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Operato rs, fabricator s, and laborers  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Technicia­ Executive, administra­ Profession­ ns and al spe­ related tive, and cialty support managerial  Sales  Administra­ tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Service occupa­ tions  Precision Handlers, production, Machine Transpor­ equipment craft, and operators, tation and cleaners, repair assem­ helpers, material blers, and and labor­ moving inspectors ers  Men—Continued  Cities:  San Francisco ..........  2.8  3.2  5.2  2.8 1.7 1.2 2.1 1.6 1.5 1.9 2.1 2.6 1.7 1.6 2.4 2.4 1.4 1.8  6.3 5.1 3.2 7.5 2.8 5.2 14.1 4.4 5.2 5.4 2.9 4.7 5.8 3.1 5.8  .2 .7 .2 .2 .7 .6 1.1 .8 .8 .6 .8 .9 2.0 .6 1.2  1.2 1.6 1.1 1.8 .9 1.6 1.9 2.1 2.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 2.2 1.7 1.6  16.8  1.4  2.4  .7  1.0  32.3 28.3 32.3 32.1 29.3 25.1 32.9 29.0 28.5 33.3 30.9 31.1 29.4 31.2  15.4 17.3 16.8 17.4 13.4 15.6 14.8 21.1 18.1 15.8 11.8 18.1 16.5 13.2  2.4 1.7 1.8 2.3 2.6 2.8 3.7 2.3 3.0 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.3  8.2 2.3 4.5 4.4 7.9 6.0 7.2 8.5 7.1 3.8 3.4 2.1 6.5 6.6  1.4 1.0 1.2 .8 .6 1.7 .6 .7 .5 .7 .7 1.0 .5 .7  .8 1.1 1.7 2.7 1.2 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.2 2.0 1.1 .6 .7 1.1  14.7 15.2 14.6 13.0 15.1 13.5 13.4  23.6 30.2 28.0 33.1 29.6 28.4 28.4  25.1 12.6 18.6 14.4 15.7 22.6 15.3  3.0 2.3 2.6 2.1 2.2 1.2 1.9  4.5 3.5 3.7 4.8 3.9 3.2 4.9  2.1 .4 .7 .8 1.0 .6 1.4  2.0 1.0 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 2.4  3.2 3.4 4.3 3.1 3.5 3.8 2.7 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4 4.7  12.9 15.3 14.7 12.8 13.5 12.3 17.1 13.0 13.9 12.6 10.4 13.9 9.6  27.8 23.7 28.6 33.7 30.0 32.4 27.9 30.6 24.7 27.4 29.8 34.0 29.5  15.7 18.8 14.9 16.6 13.7 16.0 18.4 15.9 13.7 12.2 15.2 15.5 14.8  3.3 2.8 2.6 1.2 1.9 2.6 1.6 2.3 1.5 2.6 2.4 1.8 1.2  11.3 3.6 5.2 2.7 4.0 5.1 3.0 3.8 5.3 5.2 3.3 3.4 1.3  .7 .4 .9 .7 1.1 .3 .4 .5 .4 .7 1.1 .8 .7  2.1 2.8 2.3 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.7 .7 .5 .9 2.0 1.3 .7  2.2 2.7 2.8 2.6 5.5 4.1 4.4 3.3 3.2  12.0 13.0 9.9 9.6 10.2 7.0 14.9 17.4 12.5  37.3 29.9 30.4 32.8 28.4 29.5 25.6 32.4 27.7  26.6 15.8 23.6 20.0 19.5 19.4 19.0 18.4 15.6  1.2 2.4 1.3 2.8 2.6 .9 1.8 1.2 1.7  3.8 5.9 10.0 4.6 8.7 1.8 2.0 3.0 8.6  i2) .9 .5 1.0 2.1 .2 .4 .1 .6  .6 2.8 3.0 .8 2.5 .7 1.5 1.7 1.5  216  100.0  17.3  17.6  3.5  8.9  11.3  18.1  515 673 540 296 715 248 268 1,384 335 412 316 901 196 451 875  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  16.9 15.4 13.5 13.5 14.9 10.5 11.0 11.2 11.1 9.9 13.4 14.2 10.4 16.4 9.6  14.8 14.1 15.0 17.7 20.7 16.8 15.1 15.9 14.1 17.8 16.3 14.4 13.7 14.9 15.1  3.3 4.0 4.0 2.6 3.8 4.4 2.7 2.9 3.3 4.2 3.9 3.1 3.7 3.8 3.5  12.9 14.9 10.6 13.4 12.6 10.4 13.3 13.6 13.6 13.9 12.7 12.5 12.2 12.1 15.9  26.3 29.0 32.7 30.2 29.0 29.6 25.8 33.0 31.7 29.5 30.1 31.9 27.7 29.7 27.9  14.5 13.2 17.9 10.8 12.9 19.2 13.0 13.7 15.0 15.0 16.7 14.5 18.7 15.8 17.2  269  100.0  13.9  15.5  4.0  14.9  28.7  267 695 342 385 1,795 214 199 398 329 601 555 228 1,691 434  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  9.3 12.8 11.0 12.3 14.4 12.1 12.1 9.3 10.2 8.6 14.0 10.6 13.7 13.0  16.5 16.2 12.8 12.9 15.0 15.2 10.7 10.4 14.8 18.8 18.4 14.2 18.9 18.2  3.9 3.7 3.0 2.7 3.3 3.8 3.2 3.2 4.6 4.4 2.7 4.7 3.3 3.2  9.9 15.0 14.9 12.1 11.9 14.4 12.8 14.1 11.5 10.9 15.9 16.5 9.1 11.3  301 478 211 1,099 455 448 290  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  9.0 15.3 12.4 10.4 13.4 8.8 15.2  13.2 16.3 14.1 15.9 13.3 16.1 13.8  2.2 3.1 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.6 2.5  264 447 222 310 557 221 235 485 387 342 475 454 970  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  9.3 13.1 10.2 13.5 14.0 11.4 11.3 15.1 19.5 17.6 13.9 12.7 17.1  13.6 14.5 15.2 13.2 16.6 14.9 15.0 13.0 16.6 16.3 17.6 12.4 20.3  159 604 91 247 159 149 378 203 719  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  6.7 10.9 7.3 13.8 7.8 17.4 13.6 9.2 14.7  8.5 15.8 10.8 12.0 12.6 19.0 16.5 13.3 13.5  11.1  Women  Metropolitan areas:1 Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Atlanta........ ..................................... Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Boston PMSA ................................. Buftalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ........................... . Cleveland PMSA............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............. Dayton-Springfield......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA .................. Detroit PMSA................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA........... Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA........................................ Houston PMSA.............................. Indianapolis.................................... Kansas City.................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .. Louisville............................. ........... Memphis..... .................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA........................... Minneapolis-St. Paul...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ................... New Orleans.................................. New York PMSA........................... Newark PMSA............................... Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News......................................... Oakland PMSA.............................. Oklahoma City............................... Philadelphia PMSA ....................... Phoenix........................................... Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA... Portland, Ore. PMSA................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA....................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA . Rochester...................................... Sacramento................................... St. Louis........................................ Salt Lake City-Ogden .................. San Antonio.................................. San Diego ..................................... San Francisco PMSA .................. San Jose PMSA........................... Seattle PMSA ............................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater Washington D.C............................. Cities: Baltimore ...................................... Chicago ........................................ Cleveland ..................................... Dallas............................ ............... Detroit........................................... District of Columbia ..................... Houston........................................ Indianapolis.................................. Los Angeles................................. See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  116  Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued T otal emfsloyed Population group and area  Managerial and professional specialty Executive, administra Profession al spe­ five, and cialty manageria  Technical, sales, and administrative support Technicia­ ns and related support  Sales  Administra tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Operators, fabricators, and laborers Service occupa­ tions  Precision production craft, and repair  Machine operators, assem­ blers, and inspectors  Handlers, Transpor­ equipment tation and cleaners, material helpers, moving and labor­ ers  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  135 1,432 331 209 81 153 217 165  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  7.6 13.4 10.1 12.7 15.7 10.1 14.3 18.8  11.2 18.8 12.2 11.4 12.1 12.0 15.7 19.0  3.8 3.4 3.6 3.0 2.4 3.1 4.0 3.9  10.4 8.9 8.0 18.0 9.7 19.8 11.4 13.2  28.0 29.1 37.3 30.2 28.8 30.4 27.9 20.5  22.6 16.6 18.4 15.1 19.6 18.8 17.5 11.6  5.1 1.3 2.8 2.4 .6 1.8 2.5 1.6  9.0 7.1 5.6 4.0 6.0 3.2 5.5 10.1  1.1 .5 .1 .8 2.7 .1 .4 .5  1.2 .8 1.5 2.0 2.2 .5 .7 .8  1,117 1,067 862 576 1,389 500 483 2,460 619 752 592 1,665 394 894 1,659  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  17.1 18.4 16.2 17.1 17.5 11.5 15.2 14.9 14.6 13.8 15.2 17.6 11.7 17.8 12.2  13.0 14.2 18.4 16.4 19.4 14.4 12.9 14.8 14.3 16.8 14.5 14.4 12.8 15.4 14.5  2.7 4.1 4.4 2.9 3.9 3.7 2.8 2.3 2.7 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.2 4.2 3.3  12.5 16.3 10.9 13.4 13.0 11.5 15.6 13.6 14.5 12.8 14.6 13.9 10.0 12.0 13.8  14.1 17.2 17.6 16.6 17.6 17.7 13.8 18.6 18.0 16.2 17.2 18.2 15.1 17.4 15.2  11.6 7.2 10.3 9.5 11.0 14.5 8.1 11.0 11.0 10.3 12.3 9.8 12.3 11.3 11.4  13.8 12.5 10.7 10.4 8.5 11.0 13.0 10.8 10.5 10.9 9.1 10.7 12.5 10.3 12.9  7.0 3.4 4.2 6.8 3.0 8.3 9.7 5.7 5.6 7.9 4.8 5.0 10.2 3.5 8.7  2.4 2.8 2.9 2.6 3.0 2.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.9 2.5 5.6 3.5 3.7  4.3 2.8 3.1 3.9 2.2 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.4 3.3 3.5 2.9 4.4 3.2 3.2  491  100.0  16.3  14.5  3.6  16.8  15.3  11.3  12.8  2.9  2.3  2.3  533 1,276 600 699 3,334 444 266 678 662 1,280 1,165 372 2,652 739  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  13.0 17.3 14.4 14.4 14.3 13.7 16.0 13.8 11.1 11.7 18.5 16.4 17.1 18.4  14.0 15.0 13.7 12.6 14.3 11.8 10.2 9.8 14.6 17.2 16.2 16.4 16.9 17.0  3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3 2.6 3.3 3.7 2.9 3.8 3.9 2.6 3.3 2.4 2.9  9.7 14.5 17.7 13.5 11.5 15.3 15.4 15.2 13.5 12.9 15.4 17.4 11.3 12.7  19.5 15.1 17.1 17.3 15.2 14.8 21.5 17.8 16.5 18.8 16.2 14.3 17.4 17.2  11.3 11.0 10.7 11.3 11.9 9.9 6.9 14.3 12.7 11.9 9.2 10.9 13.1 9.0  14.8 10.0 9.4 11.8 12.0 11.6 13.1 11.1 12.3 9.7 11.5 13.6 9.7 10.0  8.6 4.6 5.2 4.6 9.8 7.5 3.3 6.3 7.8 5.6 2.9 1.1 4.9 5.7  2.9 3.3 4.0 5.0 3.4 5.3 4.9 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.4 2.9 3.8 3.5  2.3 4.5 2.9 5.2 3.6 5.7 3.0 4.3 3.3 4.1 3.1 2.3 2.9 3.0  360 732 419 1,933 966 955 596  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  12.1 16.8 13.7 14.6 15.2 12.5 15.9  13.8 17.4 12.5 15.7 13.1 14.6 13.8  3.3 4.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.0  13.4 12.0 14.5 12.4 13.9 11.9 13.5  14.0 15.5 15.7 18.8 16.2 15.6 16.4  14.8 10.1 12.4 9.9 12.4 14.8 11.7  19.2 12.9 12.4 12.7 11.6 11.2 10.3  3.0 4.5 5.4 4.6 4.1 5.2 5.2  3.1 2.4 4.2 3.3 3.5 4.5 4.2  1.8 2.4 3.6 3.3 4.1 5.3 4.0  554 939 453 579 993 476 488 967 624 632 945 839 1,534  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  12.1 13.2 14.3 12.9 17.7 15.0 12.2 16.3 23.1 19.8 14.5 15.5 20.9  12.4 12.9 13.8 14.6 15.8 14.1 11.3 12.7 19.9 19.5 18.7 11.7 23.0  2.9 2.6 4.2 3.3 3.7 4.3 2.6 3.0 2.8 3.9 4.6 3.2 5.4  12.4 12.2 15.5 13.1 13.0 12.5 13.1 14.4 13.1 13.8 12.0 15.4 10.7  16.0 12.8 15.0 18.1 17.9 18.4 16.9 16.4 14.9 14.8 16.9 20.1 14.5  12.0 14.1 11.1 11.9 9.6 11.8 15.6 12.8 12.1 11.3 9.6 10.6 9.2  13.7 14.2 11.9 14.8 9.9 9.8 12.9 10.8 7.9 7.5 11.6 11.5 9.3  10.6 4.8 6.0 2.7 4.8 5.1 4.4 5.2 1.6 4.3 4.1 3.6 1.1  3.5 4.9 2.5 4.4 2.5 3.9 3.1 2.8 1.4 2.5 3.5 3.6 2.3  3.6 4.6 3.5 2.7 3.3 4.2 5.1 2.1 2.0 1.4 3.6 2.7 1.9  Women—Continued  Cities:  Milwaukee ...... New York ........ Philadelphia.... . Phoenix............ St. Louis.......... San Antonio.... San Diego ....... San Francisco .  .. . . . . . .  White  Metropolitan areas:1  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA .. Atlanta.................................. Baltimore.............................. Bergen-Passaic PMSA ........ Boston PMSA ....................... Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA....... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ...... Chicago PMSA............................. Cincinnati PMSA .......................... Cleveland PMSA .......................... Columbus, Ohio............................ Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............. Dayton-Springfield........................ Denver-Boulder CMSA................ Detroit PMSA................................ Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.......... Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA....................................... Houston PMSA.............................. Indianapolis................................... Kansas City . Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA Louisville....................................... Memphis....................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA.................. Milwaukee PMSA......................... Minneapolis-St. Paul.................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ................. New Orleans................................. New York PMSA.......................... Newark PMSA .............................. Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News ......................................... Oakland PMSA............................. Oklahoma City.............................. Philadelphia PMSA ....................... Phoenix.......................................... Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ... Portland, Ore. PMSA ................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA....................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA . Rochester...................................... Sacramento.................................... St. Louis .......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden .................... San Antonio................................ . San Diego .................................. . San Francisco PMSA ................... San Jose PMSA............................ Seattle PMSA................................ Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater. Washington D.C..............................  . . . .  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  117  Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed  Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Managerial and professional specialty  Operators, fabricators, and laborers  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Technicia­ Executive, Profession­ ns and administra­ al spe­ related tive, and cialty managerial support  Sales  Administra­ tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Service occupa­ tions  Precision Handlers, production, Machine Transpor­ equipment craft, and operators, tation and cleaners, repair assem­ material helpers, blers, and and labor­ moving inspectors ers  White—Continued  Cities:  Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit.............................................. District of Columbia ....................... Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York ........................................ Philadelphia..................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis.......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ................................  130 834 122 366 67 116 620 329 1,285 232 2,129 399 433 96 328 418 239  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  8.6 12.1 6.6 17.2 11.7 25.4 16.5 13.1 13.9 7.4 16.2 14.2 14.5 16.2 9.5 17.0 20.9  15.5 14.6 8.8 11.9 14.8 37.1 15.4 13.5 12.8 11.9 16.9 13.0 12.0 13.9 10.3 14.9 23.8  2.8 1.9 3.7 3.6 7.0 6.1 3.3 4.1 2.2 3.6 2.7 3.9 3.1 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.9  13.2 11.1 7.7 14.5 5.9 7.6 15.2 19.5 12.3 13.1 11.0 9.5 16.1 9.0 14.0 12.6 12.0  24.7 17.5 18.4 20.9 16.5 9.1 14.3 17.1 14.8 17.5 17.4 22.1 16.6 25.0 17.4 14.8 14.3  15.5 14.2 13.9 12.3 9.6 9.6 12.1 12.4 14.4 16.9 13.4 12.4 11.9 10.4 17.6 14.4 13.3  7.2 10.6 12.8 8.6 11.5 2.5 8.4 9.5 11.8 12.1 9.4 12.2 11.2 4.4 12.2 9.4 5.3  4.3 8.2 18.4 5.5 13.1 .6 5.0 4.3 9.9 10.5 5.5 4.6 4.5 6.2 4.4 7.3 1.0  3.9 3.5 4.5 2.2 5.0 .5 3.1 2.5 3.0 3.2 4.0 3.9 4.3 2.8 3.3 1.6 2.2  4.2 5.2 4.9 2.4 4.6 1.4 5.7 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.7 4.4 6.5 5.4 2.1 2.3  389 280 51 69 113 523 99 124 73 307 39 55 298  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  12.7 8.7 6.2 9.6 2.7 7.6 6.9 5.0 6.1 7.0 7.4 8.9 7.6  6.9 6.4 10.9 8.3 7.3 11.6 9.4 12.3 9.4 6.2 8.0 5.9 9.6  2.8 3.4 2.0 2.9 1.6 2.3 4.9 2.2 2.2 2.8 1.5 3.6 3.2  9.1 8.8 8.0 5.6 7.2 10.7 9.0 7.6 9.0 8.6 6.8 6.7 9.9  21.0 18.0 21.7 20.8 17.0 24.4 20.0 23.8 24.6 17.9 12.3 25.8 17.9  19.7 22.4 20.8 31.0 19.9 16.8 18.1 22.9 24.8 25.3 29.8 22.3 20.7  7.7 12.4 7.9 8.2 7.9 6.8 8.8 6.2 9.8 9.4 2.7 7.7 8.4  5.7 5.1 6.7 8.7 17.9 7.3 12.7 9.2 4.7 7.9 18.4 5.7 12.9  5.0 7.5 9.2 3.6 8.3 6.5 1.9 4.1 5.0 5.7 10.4 6.5 4.7  8.3 5.8 6.2 1.3 8.2 5.8 8.3 6.1 4.2 8.6 2.5 6.5 4.9  77  100.0  6.8  9.0  3.3  9.0  19.2  25.8  12.2  3.7  5.5  3.5  42 284 75 118 426 158 176 49 103 160 810 179  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  6.1 8.0 2.5 7.0 10.4 7.3 3.6 7.4 9.8 9.5 10.1 8.9  9.7 8.0 1.3 3.4 12.8 8.3 9.9 3.5 10.6 8.1 10.4 6.8  .8 3.3 4.1 3.5 4.2 3.1 2.6 .5 3.4 2.7 3.7 2.6  9.0 11.2 9.7 11.4 9.7 6.4 9.2 6.7 7.9 7.8 6.1 5.5  30.5 17.3 28.1 24.0 26.1 16.2 15.9 16.0 21.2 18.6 23.4 20.2  24.2 21.9 30.8 24.8 15.3 20.4 27.2 30.4 20.2 27.5 23.3 20.6  6.5 8.0 8.0 6.2 9.5 9.8 12.9 10.8 7.7 6.9 8.2 7.5  9.8 4.1 3.4 7.8 3.9 12.6 6.1 14.3 8.0 4.4 4.7 14.4  1.5 10.0 2.0 5.6 3.7 6.9 5.9 2.4 4.9 7.2 6.0 5.8  1.4 7.6 10.2 6.2 3.7 7.2 5.6 7.5 5.5 6.3 3.8 7.6  212 98 37 382 32 51  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  4.9 13.2 5.3 7.2 2.8 7.2  10.2 15.6 10.1 9.7 6.5 8.4  3.0 .6 3.9 3.0 2.1 3.1  7.8 8.5 7.4 6.2 14.5 8.3  14.7 23.0 16.5 24.2 17.2 18.7  21.5 14.6 28.9 22.6 25.6 32.3  14.3 8.8 10.7 8.1 12.0 5.1  9.4 5.3 5.0 7.5 6.6 8.3  5.1 2.1 4.1 4.8 2.5 4.4  7.4 7.1 5.7 6.0 9.7 4.1  16 62 29 164 34 48 44 106 466  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  4.2 5.6 5.0 8.0 5.2 8.2 8.2 8.5 12.5  6.6 12.0 18.6 7.3 16.9 6.3 7.4 7.3 10.3  3.5 10.4 5.3 3.1 4.3 4.6 2.2 2.6 5.3  5.1 10.9 2.9 6.8 16.4 10.3 12.2 5.6 4.9  21.2 19.5 23.9 22.8 26.9 19.8 27.5 17.5 27.9  17.5 13.6 13.2 18.1 14.1 27.7 20.9 23.0 17.5  10.7 19.9 11.3 6.5 10.0 8.9 6.5 10.8 8.2  21.5 3.2 8.4 10.7 .7 4.3 4.1 8.6 2.6  3.9 1.9 4.4 4.4 5.0 4.6 2.0 5.7 6.1  3.7 1.0 6.1 11.4 <2) 5.3 9.0 10.0 4.0  Black  Metropolitan areas:'  Atlanta............................................. Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................... Boston PMSA ................................. Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA ............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA .................. Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA......................................... Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA ........................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.......................................... Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ St. Louis .......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C.......... .................... See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  118  Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Black—Continued  Managerial and professional specialty  Technical, sales, and administrative support  Executive, Technicia­ administra­ Profession­ ns and al spe­ tive, and related cialty manageria support  Sales  Administra tive sup­ port, in­ cluding clerical  Operators, fabricators, and laborers Service occupa­ tions  Precision production craft, and repair  Handlers, Machine T ransporequipment operators, tation and cleaners, assem­ material helpers, blers, and and labor­ moving inspectors ers  '  Cities:  Baltimore......................................... Chicago........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit.............................................. District of Columbia........................ Houston........................................... Indianapolis...................................... Los Angeles..................................... Milwaukee....................................... New York ........................................ Philadelphia.................................... St. Louis..........................................  185 425 65 158 247 176 196 75 217 46 762 277 59  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  4.8 8.2 2.4 7.8 5.9 10.9 6.9 2.5 12.0 7.7 10.0 7.3 9.7  5.2 11,3 8.6 6.3 8.8 9.3 6.9 1.3 13.2 2.0 10.5 8.6 7.3  1.9 2.5 1.2 3.2 3.4 3.1 4.0 4.1 4.3 .5 3.8 2.3 2.3  8.2 10.6 6.8 5.1 9.0 4.9 12.1 9.7 11.5 5.1 5.9 4.8 5.5  21.5 23.9 22.7 18.9 19.0 27.7 16.2 28.1 26.3 16.2 24.0 25.2 19.7  24.9 17.2 28.3 27.9 21.2 22.7 23.9 30.8 15.5 30.9 23.3 23.3 22.3  12.0 6.7 10.0 11.0 8.5 7.7 8.6 8.0 7.7 11.4 7.9 8.6 5.8  5.6 6.6 9.6 5.2 13.4 2.3 3.5 3.4 3.3 15.3 4.8 7.5 11.7  7.4 6.5 3.3 5.7 5.2 5.7 9.2 2.0 2.5 2.5 6.0 4.8 6.8  6.3 6.2 5.9 8.7 5.1 4.7 7.9 10.2 3.2 8.0 3.6 6.8 8.7  295 74 39 342 203 87 24  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  6.7 4.2 9.7 3.5 7.0 11.1 3.6  1.3 6.4 6.4 6.1 4.0 3.4 11.1  1.2 1.8 2.1 .8 .9 2.3 2.4  5.8 6.7 10.5 5.3 7.7 5.6 12.0  6.6 13.7 15.4 14.3 14.8 21.2 15.6  19.9 18.5 33.8 20.7 17.6 20.1 9.1  20.6 11.4 7.2 13.4 16.0 13.0 15.4  21.1 25.5 8.7 21.1 13.4 8.6 22.6  2.6 1.7 1.2 4.3 3.4 4.5 6.0  10.8 8.7 3.7 8.6 9.3 7.6 2.1  40 302 1,400 456 73 698 85 90 40 143  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  15.4 6.6 6.4 11.0 6.6 7.6 5.7 6.0 8.6 4.9  9.9 4.8 5.1 7.9 6.7 4.6 4.5 9.6 15.6 7.4  3.8 2.9 1.5 2.4 1.2 2.1 2.2 1.8 1.0 1.9  8.9 9.4 7.7 14.8 7.4 7.2 8.3 8.1 7.2 8.3  7.2 12.2 13.3 17.1 12.6 17.3 14.9 12.6 12.9 13.7  13.0 20.6 17.4 15.0 23.8 25.3 18.0 23.7 17.0 21.1  25.8 16.7 15.5 12.6 16.3 10.5 15.2 14.8 7.7 13.4  10.0 9.5 20.2 8.8 13.4 13.5 19.3 10.9 13.7 8.1  1.3 4.4 4.4 3.9 3.5 6.7 5.5 1.9 7.2 6.3  3.6 10.7 5.9 5.6 6.0 4.3 6.0 5.9 6.9 7.2  14 243 58 23 246 213 121 103 60 80  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  6.4 4.1 6.5 4.7 7.6 8.1 13.0 10.0 17.0 8.4  6.0 7.1 9.3 6.5 5.7 3.5 7.4 4.8 5.6 15.3  .9 .6 2.6 4.1 1.6 1.4 1.7 4.5 .9 1.9  1.3 9.4 7.8 8.2 12.4 11.2 3.9 13.8 9.5 8.3  9.5 8.8 24.4 17.8 16.8 11.1 19.3 18.3 20.5 9.3  6.8 23.8 14.0 17.8 21.3 24.6 33.7 20.4 12.9 31.8  14.5 15.7 20.2 15.4 13.3 8.1 7.0 9.9 13.7 6.7  46.9 9.4 11.9 14.1 6.3 11.9 4.4 8.8 6.9 1.4  3.3 4.4 (12) 5.1 3.9 2.8 3.1 4.7 6.8 2.8  4.3 8.4 1.5 5.7 7.1 4.1 4.4 4.2 5.8 6.4  235 69 17 199 600 618 76 203 119 58  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  3.3 4.8 6.0 6.4 5.7 7.6 4.4 6.6 8.5 9.6  7.0 2.6 15.5 3.8 3.0 4.8 6.8 5.6 3.4 7.4  1.1 .6 3.4 2.5 1.0 2.4 2.2 1.7 .9 3.5  6.7 8.5 6.8 9.3 7.9 6.4 8.5 13.4 7.9 1.9  14.2 19.3 9.5 11.2 13.2 17.8 16.2 18.0 7.4 16.3  20.4 20.2 45.0 20.8 22.5 25.0 20.6 21.3 27.6 37.6  11.1 12.2 6.3 14.1 15.3 10.1 14.5 12.6 9.9 5.8  20.2 15.9 p) 11.3 19.2 14.3 9.0 6.1 19.0 4.0  5.3 3.1 1.0 5.4 3.7 7.1 8.1 3.8 1.8 6.5  8.6 8.8 6.2 13.5 5.8 4.2 7.0 6.8 5.0 5.4  Hispanic origin  Metropolitan areas:1  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................... Boston PMSA ................................. Chicago PMSA ............................... Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Denver-Boulder CMSA ................... Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Houston PMSA............................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Miami-Hialeah PMSA...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Oakland PMSA............................... Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Sacramento..................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA ..................... San Jose PMSA............................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater .. Washington D.C............................... Cities:  Chicago ........................................... Dallas............................................... District of Columbia ........................ Houston........................................... Los Angeles.................................... New York ........................................ Phoenix............................................ San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ................................  1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, ‘‘Geographic Boundary Definitions". 2 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed. NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­ ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the ‘‘other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  119  Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry, 1989 annual averages (Numbers in thousands) Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Transporta-  Manufacturing Employment status and area  Total2 Total3  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Nondurable goods  munications, and public utilities  Trade  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Government Services4  CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE  Metropolitan areas:5  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ............. Atlanta............................................... Baltimore........................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA.................... Boston PMSA................................... Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill.......... Chicago PMSA................................. Cincinnati PMSA .............................. Cleveland PMSA.............................. Columbus, Ohio................................ Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................ Dayton-Springfield............................ Denver-Boulder CMSA.................... Detroit PMSA.................................... Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA .......................................... Houston PMSA................................. Indianapolis....................................... Kansas City....................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .... Louisville ........................................... Memphis............................................ Miami-Hialeah PMSA....................... Milwaukee PMSA............................. Minneapolis-St. Paul........................ Nassau-Suffolk PMSA..................... New Orleans..................................... New York PMSA............................. Newark PMSA.................................. Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News........................................... Oakland PMSA................................. Oklahoma City.................................. Philadelphia PMSA.......................... Phoenix ............................................. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ..... Portland, Ore. PMSA....................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA .......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.... Rochester ......................................... Sacramento ...................................... St. Louis............................................ Salt Lake City-Ogden...................... San Antonio...................................... San Diego........................................ San Francisco PMSA...................... San Jose PMSA............................... Seattle PMSA................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.... Washington D.C................................  314 231 153 163 244 104 164 634 152 198 101 401 114 134 542  233 135 90 73 174 59 63 360 83 142 57 271 88 82 438  81 96 63 90 70 45 101 275 69 56 44 130 26 52 104  o 163 61 42 77 29 43 214 42 42 37 149 26 86 93  243 314 213 135 268 110 122 670 156 184 166 437 82 194 449  80 111 70 46 140 34 39 280 47 54 55 158 (8) 86 128  34  144  i6> 124 54 80 212  94 372 158 191 731 110 90 227 148 269 251 133 564 165  1,239 1,524 1,187 671 1,542 548 609 3,232 733 919 687 2,082 440 998 2,099  999 1,222 870 557 1,243 427 517 2,696 596 743 547 1,712 355 780 1,733  94 73 90 25 68 27 37 141 35 34 28 95 i6) 42 86  599  498  46  66  45  596 1,676 700 863 4,292 491 432 902 746 1,364 1,327 555 3,885 975  508 1,384 562 677 3,385 399 353 723 613 1,109 1,002 444 2,979 804  39 117 i6) 46 205 (6) i6) 56 38 59 79 43 203 51  127 204 113 136 913 99 65 104 179 260 182 41 518 206  102 102 84 53 552 54 (6i 45 124 167 102 <6i 184 96  i6) 102 i6) 83 361 45 41 59 55 93 80 <6) 333 110  621 1,026 467 2,423 1,033 1,044 653  425 777 337 1,945 823 863 510  <s)  83 167 61 410 159 179 124  62 102 37 212 126 110 83  <6)  (6>  596 1,051 489 681 1,192 504 553 1,085 866 791 1,075 985 2,090  495 784 415 443 992 368 401 836 655 638 832 787 1,396  31 92 i6) 42 54 20 0 63  105 115 93 <6) 147 49 <6) 115  47 68 149  153 149 126 58 236 71 52 143 94 245 200 116 106  340 1,415 215 561 365 307 887 425 1.729 302 3,285 717 481 165 381 491 388  253 1,145 170 477 286 192 730 350 1,387 249 2,511 559 386 130 290 364 295  <•>  (6)  i6>  271 55 90 82 10 102 63 324 71 446 92 65  147 40 52 67  52 (6> 137 59 58 <6)  (6> (6>  (6i  220 160 72 54  (6>  65  <6)  47 70 i6) 73 89 37 232 72 49  <6)  (6>  199 33 69 41  134 51 64 44  48  23 58 i6>  (6)  33 (6) 89 21 i6) i6)  55  n40 44 52  (6>  91 29 i6> 44 48 (6)  65 51 116  227 329 283 146 447 124 111 754 163 231 160 456 91 222 434  125 205 255 68 190 92 54 364 103 128 100 226 61 140 252  60  147  61  84 97 61 58 289 i6) i6) 56 47 116 122 41 431 91  136 392 146 165 1,031 104 100 211 167 330 278 135 1,030 216  61 186 75 133 504 60 56 113 91 181 230 81 644 119  143 188 100 444 212 217 142  t6) 99 32 181 93 61 44  112 219 98 638 247 277 132  163 145 91 333 127 107 80  123 232 110 142 228 105 135 226 159 131 201 215 318  38 53 29 45 75 30 37 89 97 44 73 91 125  127 198 109 128 305 111 123 269 225 153 244 245 581  65 154 52 178 144 94 108 147 112 91 151 120 589  66 270 40 118 61 33 200 107 321 62 466 116 110  <6)  75 198 38 56 66 97 106  o  <6) i6)  85 354 49 156 96 100 231 97 457 69 874 221 130 47  Cities:  Baltimore........................................... Chicago............................................. Cleveland .......................................... Dallas................................................. Detroit............................................... District of Columbia......................... Houston........................................... Indianapolis....................................... Los Angeles................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York .......................................... Philadelphia ...................................... Phoenix ............................................ St. Louis............................................ San Antonio...................................... San Diego........................................ San Francisco ..................................  47 o <6) (6)  13 53 i6)  83 <6)  160 34 <e) (6i 0 (6i (e>  <6)  38 (6>  (6)  51  35 60 45  52 <6)  164 51 146 37 46  160  45 t6)  120  8  (6>  <6) <6)  0  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  <6)  123  i6)  80 t6) <6) <6)  14 63 (6>  79 <6)  300 55  191 43  <6) i6) (6) (6) o  <6) (6i <6i <6>  n  105 87 63  123 i6)  60 25 21 51 (6)  121 i6)  373 53 31 46 0  88  135 103  (6>  162 40 556 131 52 (®> 67 83 59  Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers  Employment status and area  Total2 Total3  Construc­ tion  Manufacturing  T ransporta-  Durable goods  munications, and public utilities  Total  Nondurable goods  Trade  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Government Services4  UNEMPLOYED  Metropolitan areas:5  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ............. Atlanta............................................... Baltimore........................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA..................... Boston PMSA................................... Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill........... Chicago PMSA................................. Cincinnati PMSA .............................. Cleveland PMSA.............................. Columbus, Ohio................................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................. Dayton-Springfield............................ Denver-Boulder CMSA................... Detroit PMSA.................................... Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA .......................................... Houston PMSA................................. Indianapolis....................................... Kansas City....................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .... Louisville .................................. Memphis............................................ Miami-Hialeah PMSA....................... Milwaukee PMSA............................. Minneapolis-St. Paul........................ Nassau-Suffolk PMSA...................... New Orleans..................................... New York PMSA.............................. Newark PMSA.................................. Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News............................................ Oakland PMSA................................. Oklahoma City.................................. Philadelphia PMSA ........................... Phoenix ............................................. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ..... Portland, Ore. PMSA........................ Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA ........................................ Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.... Rochester ......................................... Sacramento ...................................... St. Louis.................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ....................... San Antonio...................................... San Diego......................................... San Francisco PMSA...................... San Jose PMSA............................... Seattle PMSA ................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.... Washington D.C.................................  40 67 49 23 49 29 18 175 28 49 29 110 19 41 132  38 59 47 20 44 21 16 158 24 43 26 99 16 38 119  5 2 12 1 7 4 2 13 2 3 2 6 (6) 3 11  11 10 5 8 8 3 5 39 5 11 4 20 4 7 35  10 5 4 3 5 2 2 20 4 8 3 15 3 4 27  1 6 1 5 3 1 3 19 1 3 1 5 1 3 8  2 1 8 1 3 5  9 20 13 4 11 7 4 50 9 13 9 28 3 10 36  1  9  5 26 2 2 5 1 6 2 i6) 24 7  7 2 2 14 <6) 2 5 (6) 2 3 1 14 3  4 30 7 17 46 5 5 15 9 14 12 7 45 8  n  <6)  28  27  3  4  3  f>  20 97 26 47 204 20 19 53 31 53 40 27 214 42  19 91 23 43 187 18 17 49 27 46 35 25 191 39  4 13 (e) 5 15 <•> i6) 6 3 5 4 6 27 4  5 10 3 10 50 4 3 7 7 11 5 4 40 13  4 6 3 5 24 1  <■>  (6) 16 6  45 35 18 83 42 48 27  39 31 15 77 37 45 25  <6)  5 7 2 19 6 10 7  3 4 2 9 4 5 3  23 38 15 30 50 18 44 46 28 30 47 47 51  22 33 15 23 41 15 39 41 21 28 44 41 41  7 4 3 4 4 2 6 5 5 10 7 7 4  4 3 2  29 113 25 42 46 14 56 23 108 19 195 39 24 14 35 20  29 101 22 39 40 11 52 19 99 17 173 35 21 10 31 17  3 <6) 9 7 8 i6> 3 6 <e) 3 6 1 (6> 3 i6) i6) 5 5 7  2 6 5 3  <6>  4  3  o  3 <6>  3 o  9 2 4 4  3 1 3 1  3  1 2  (6) 2 p>  (6>  4 3 1 3 1 1 9  i6)  i6)  1 1 p>  <s>  i6) n  3 1 <8) (6)  3 1 <6> 2 1  4 8 5 4 2  n2  (*) 13 4 5 10 ie) 3 (6> 9 4 14 3 2 0 («) 1  (6) 13 i6) 2 (e) o 2 (6) 17 <6> 24 4 (6) (6) (6) <6)  i6) 3 3 2  3 2  14 10 4 20 10 11 8  2 5 1 1 3 1  3 5  11 17 13 5 12 5 3 40 7 12 7 28 4 12 27  2 7 2 1 3 6 1 14 3 5 2 8 3 3 11  1  8  1  2 4  4 25 6 7 51 4 4 14 5 10 7 6 46 9  o 7 2 2 3 8 <6)  o 2 10 t6) <6) 3 1 4 5 2 19 2 <•>  4 2 4 10 1 1 2 4 4 4 2 17 2  6 3 2 1  13 6 5 20 10 10 5  5 5 2 5 3 3 1  1 1 1 1 3 2 2 4 1 3 2 2 1  4 9 6 7 13 4 11 12 9 7 13 14 17  1 4 1 5 8 2 5 3 4 2 2 5 8  2 n  5 10 3 7 13 5 14 15 4 6 13 10 11  i7)  Cities:  Baltimore........................................... Chicago............................................. Cleveland .......................................... Dallas................................................. Detroit................................................ District of Columbia .......................... Houston............................................. Indianapolis....................................... Los Angeles...................................... Milwaukee......................................... New York ................................. Philadelphia ...................................... Phoenix ............................................. St. Louis............................................ San Antonio...................................... San Diego.........................................  (6) 7 m i6) (s) 1 6 <6> 5 o 23 3 <6) i6) <6) <e>  <6> 27 6 7 12 0 5 2 26 4 38 7 3 (6> 5 2  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  121  (6i 5 o <6) (7) 4 (6) 8 <s) 11 1 i6) (6) (6) <6)  7 32 8 11 12 3 18 7 26 5 41 10 5 (6) 11 4  (6) 4 (6) 3 1 (7) 3 (6) 7 (6) 18 2 2 (6) (6) •2  9 26 6 12 12 5 17 5 27 4 42 11 6 9 7  3 3 3 (6) 6 16 3 1 (6) 4 2  Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing Employment status and area  Total2 Total3  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Transporta­ tion, com­ munica­ Nondurable tions, and goods public utilities  Trade  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Government Services4  UNEMPLOYED-Continued  Cities:  San Francisco..................................  18  14  <6)  3.3 4.4 4.2 3.4 3.2 5.3 2.9 5.4 3.8 5.3 4.2 5.3 4.3 4.2 6.3  3.8 4.8 5.4 3.7 3.5 5.0 3.1 5.9 4.0 5.8 4.7 5.8 4.5 4.8 6.9  5.4 3.0 12.9 4.5 9.9 14.4 5.5 9.1 5.4 9.5 8.2 6.3 <6) 6.2 13.1  3.6 4.5 3.6 4.8 3.2 3.1 3.3 6.2 3.0 5.6 4.2 5.1 3.3 4.9 6.4  4.7  5.3  6.8  6.3  5.6  ft 3.4 ft 5.9 7.2 4.7 4.3 8.2 2.3 6.4 2.6 ft 7.3 6.6  ft  5  ft  ft  3  ft  4  3  2.0 4.7 2.0 2.9 2.0 3.6 1.0 2.4 3.6 3.1 4.6 5.3 ft 3.3 4.1  4.8 5.2 4.7 3.6 2.6 4.1 3.0 5.3 4.0 5.4 4.3 6.1 4.0 5.4 6.3  1.6 3.3 .8 1.3 1.8 6.7 1.8 3.7 3.4 3.9 1.7 3.4 4.2 1.8 4.3  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE  Metropolitan areas:5  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ............. Atlanta............................................... Baltimore........................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA.................... Boston PMSA................................... Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill........... Chicago PMSA ................................. Cincinnati PMSA .............................. Cleveland PMSA.............................. Columbus, Ohio................................ Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA................. Dayton-Springfield............................ Denver-Boulder CMSA.................... Detroit PMSA.................................... Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA .......................................... Houston PMSA................................. Indianapolis....................................... Kansas City....................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .... Louisville ........................................... Memphis............................................ Miami-Hialeah PMSA....................... Milwaukee PMSA............................. Minneapolis-St. Paul........................ Nassau-Suffolk PMSA..................... New Orleans..................................... New York PMSA.............................. Newark PMSA.................................. Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News............................................ Oakland PMSA................................. Oklahoma City.................................. Philadelphia PMSA.......................... Phoenix ............................................. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ..... Portland, Ore. PMSA....................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA .......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.... Rochester ......................................... Sacramento ...................................... St. Louis........................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................... San Antonio ................................... San Diego........................................ San Francisco PMSA ................... San Jose PMSA Seattle PMSA.................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater... Washington D.C...............................  4.3 3.6 4.8 3.4 2.8 4.0 3.2 5.7 4.3 5.6 5.1 5.6 3.4 4.8 6.1  1.5 5.7 1.8 5.9 4.2 1.8 3.4 6.9 1.5 5.6 3.0 4.1 3.2 5.0 7.5 ft  ft 2.5 4.8 1.4 4.3 4.8 1.5 4.2 1.0 5.2 2.5 5.2 4.1 3.4 4.9  3.5 6.2 5.9 3.2 4.3 6.1 3.7 7.5 5.6 6.9 5.4 6.4 4.2 5.3 8.0  2.7  6.3  1.4  b. /  1.1  ft 5.7 3.0 2.1 6.6 <8> 3.8 6.8 ft 3.3 3.4 2.0 5.9 3.5  4.4 8.1 4.5 9.0 6.3 4.5 5.3 6.6 5.9 5.1 4.7 5.1 8.0 5.0  2.7 4.1 .8 3.9 3.6 (6) ft 5.4 2.1 3.4 4.1 4.2 4.3 1.8  2.6 6.4 4.2 4.3 4.9 4.0 3.6 6.6 3.3 3.0 2.4 4.3 4.5 4.1  .6 2.4 2.3 3.1 2.0 1.3 1.6 1.9 4.8 2.5 1.8 2.7 2.7 2.1  10.0 5.4 4.0 4.6 4.7 5.2 5.6  ft 2.2 .5 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.7  11.2 2.6 5.0 3.2 4.2 3.4 4.1  3.3 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.1 2.4 1.4  2.2 1.0 3.2 1.5 3.8 4.9 4.6 4.3 .8 7.3 2.7 2.2 .9  3.4 4.7 5.7 5.6 4.1 3.6 8.7 4.6 4.1 4.8 5.5 5.8 2.9  .8 2.5 1.4 2.9 5.7 2.5 4.4 2.0 3.4 1.8 1.3 4.0 1.4  ft 3.2 ft 4.7 5.8 2.1 5.5  10.1 7.3 12.1 8.0 13.0 5.3 7.3 5.6  .8 5.5 7.6 5.2 8.2 3.2 2.6  3.3 5.8 3.7 5.5 4.8 4.0 4.3 5.9 4.2 3.9 3.0 4.8 5.5 4.3  3.8 6.6 4.0 6.3 5.5 4.5 4.9 6.8 4.3 4.1 3.5 5.5 6.4 4.8  9.9 11.4 (6> 10.0 7.4 <6i <6> 10.0 7.9 8.4 4.8 12.8 13.3 8.5  4.0 4.8 2.9 7.2 5.5 3.6 4.7 6.9 4.0 4.3 2.9 9.0 7.8 6.3  4.2 6.1 3.3 9.2 4.4 2.7 ft 5.3 4.7 3.1 3.1 i6) 8.6 5.9  7.3 3.5 3.8 3.4 4.1 4.6 4.2  9.2 4.0 4.4 4.0 4.6 5.2 4.9  (8i 6.0 (6> 6.5 11.8 14.2 ft  6.0 4.4 4.0 4.5 3.5 5.5 5.7  4.1 4.2 4.5 4.4 3.0 4.9 3.6  ft 4.8  ft 5.1  ft4.8  ft2.1  5.4 6.5 10.0  2.8 5.4 1.8  3.9 3.6 3.2 4.4 4.2 3.5 8.0 4.2 3.2 3.8 4.3 4.8 2.4  4.5 4.2 3.5 5.3 4.2 3.9 9.7 4.9 3.3 4.4 5.3 5.2 3.0  10.5 6.4 (“> 7.9 10.2 5.9 ft 4.4 (6i ft 11.1 6.8 4.8  4.8 2.9 2.6 7.0 1.8 2.5 12.3 3.5 5.4 4.0 3.6 6.0 3.4  4.2 3.0 1.8 <6> 1.0 2.1 ft 2.9 ft 3.8 3.1 5.6 3.0  5.9 ft 4.8 ft 3.2 3.5 ft <6> 7.0 ft 5.6 6.6 3.7  5.7 3.6 ft ft 2.9 3.7 1.8 ft 5.3 5.5 1.5  4.2 4.4 2.9 4.7 5.9 4.6 10.1 6.5 2.3 4.2 6.4 4.7 3.4  8.5 8.0 11.9 7.5 12.6 4.7 6.3 5.3  11.3 8.8  (6) 14.8 (6) (6) ft 10.0 10.4 (6)  <6) 9.8 10.3 8.3 14.9 4.6 4.9 3.4  ft8.9  ft 10.9 (6) 5.6 ft 2.4 3.8 ft  ft 6.6 (6) ft ft 1.8 5.6 ft  11.0 11.8 19.5 9.6 19.1 9.5 9.2 6.2  ft4.0  Cities:  Baltimore..........................................  Detroit............................................... Indianapolis..................... -.... ..........  8.1 14.1 5.7 7.2 5.5  10.4 10.3 14.8 ft 6.0 ft  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  122  ft  ft  Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry, 1989 annual averages—Continued (Numbers in thousands) Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing Employment status and area  Total2 Total3  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Transporta­ tion, com­ munica­ Nondurable tions, and goods public utilities  Trade  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Government Services4  UNEMPLOYMENT RATE—Continued  Cities:  Los Angeles...................................... Milwaukee......................................... New York.......................................... Philadelphia...................................... Phoenix ............................................. St. Louis............................................ San Antonio...................................... San Diego......................................... San Francisco ..................................  6.3 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.0 8.5 9.2 4.1 4.5  7.2 6.9 6.9 6.4 5.5 7.5 10.6 4.7 4.7  6.5 i6) 14.3 9.0 (6) i6) (6) <6) <B)  7.9 6.0 8.6 7.9 4.8 <6) 13.1 2.8 10.2  5.4 7.3 9.8 8.1 4.8 <6) o 2.4 (6i  1 Excludes persons with no previous work experience. 2 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining. 3 Includes mining. 4 Excludes private household workers. 5 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSA's). The differences are discussed in appendix C, ‘‘Geographic Boundary   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10.5 i6) 8.0 7.8 <6> <6) <6) (6i (6>  10.1 <6) 5.7 3.2 <6) <6) (6) (6) <B)  8.1 8.3 8.8 8.6 4.4 <B) 10.5 5.1 4.9  5.8 (b> 4.8 4.4 7.1 i6) <B) 4.5 (B)  5.9 6.5 4.8 5.2 4.6 10.1 10.2 5.0 4.2  3.6 4.4 2.9 2.2 2.8 (6> 5.7 2.7 4.8  Definitions”. 6 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. 7 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent. NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of rounding.  123  Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages Total employed1  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing  Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Total2  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Non­ durable goods  Transpor­ tation, communi­ cations, and public utilities  Trade  Finance, insurance, Services3 and real estate  Govern­ ment  TOTAL  Metropolitan areas:4  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Atlanta............................................. Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Boston PMSA ................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA ................... Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA......................................... Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA........................... Minneapolis-St. Paul ...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA............................ Newark PMSA ....................... ........ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.......................................... Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA ...................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis.......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA .................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  1,199 1,457 1,137 649 1,493 519 592 3,057 705 870 658 1,972 421 956 1,968  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  80.2 79.8 72.3 82.7 80.4 78.2 84.6 83.0 81.1 80.4 79.1 81.8 80.5 77.7 82.0  7.4 4.8 6.9 3.7 4.1 4.4 6.0 4.2 4.7 3.5 4.0 4.5 4.3 4.2 3.8  25.2 15.2 12.9 23.9 15.8 19.4 26.8 19.5 20.9 21.4 14.7 19.3 26.3 13.3 25.8  18.6 8.9 7.5 10.9 11.3 10.9 10.3 11.1 11.2 15.4 8.2 13.0 20.2 8.1 20.9  6.7 6.2 5.4 13.0 4.5 8.4 16.5 8.4 9.7 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.2 4.9  3.3 10.9 5.1 6.4 4.9 5.4 7.2 6.7 5.9 4.6 5.4 7.2 6.0 8.7 4.5  19.6 20.2 17.6 20.1 17.2 19.9 19.8 20.3 20.9 19.7 23.8 20.7 18.6 19.2 21.0  6.5 7.2 6.0 7.0 9.2 6.3 6.6 8.9 6.5 6.0 8.0 7.6 4.5 8.7 6.2  18.0 21.4 23.8 21.6 29.2 22.8 18.1 23.4 22.2 25.2 23.2 21.7 20.8 22.0 20.7  10.3 13.6 22.2 10.3 12.5 16.6 9.0 11.5 14.1 14.1 14.9 11.1 13.8 14.3 12.2  571  100.0  82.6  7.6  10.9  7.4  3.5  5.9  23.6  10.4  24.2  10.6  576 1,579 674 816 4,088 471 414 , 849 714 1,311 1,287 528 3,671 933  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  84.8 81.9 80.1 77.8 78.2 80.9 81.1 79.3 82.0 81.1 75.1 79.4 76.0 82.0  6.0 6.6 3.7 5.1 4.7 5.1 6.3 5.9 4.9 4.2 5.8 7.1 4.8 5.0  21.2 12.3 16.3 15.4 21.1 20.2 14.9 11.4 24.0 19.0 13.7 7.1 13.0 20.7  17.0 6.1 12.0 5.9 12.9 11.1 5.3 5.0 16.5 12.4 7.7 4.5 4.6 9.7  4.2 6.2 4.3 9.6 8.2 9.1 9.6 6.4 7.5 6.7 6.1 2.7 8.4 11.0  4.8 7.4 7.8 9.6 4.8 6.7 10.8 7.7 4.5 5.4 6.7 6.8 5.9 7.5  15.6 21.7 22.5 21.3 16.8 22.3 20.6 24.9 19.5 19.5 18.6 23.8 14.1 16.8  14.1 5.9 9.0 6.9 6.8 5.3 5.2 6.2 6.4 8.6 9.1 7.4 11.2 9.6  23.1 23.2 20.7 19.3 24.0 21.2 23.3 23.2 22.6 24.5 21.1 24.5 26.8 22.2  10.6 11.5 10.9 15.8 12.1 12.7 13.2 13.0 12.1 13.4 17.5 14.9 17.1 12.5  576 990 449 2,339 991 996 626  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  67.1 75.3 71.7 79.9 79.3 82.2 77.5  5.4 4.9 3.2 5.5 5.3 5.0 3.2  13.5 16.2 13.1 16.7 15.5 16.9 18.6  10.3 9.9 7.9 8.7 12.3 10.5 12.8  3.2 6.3 5.2 8.1 3.2 6.5 5.9  3.3 4.7 4.5 5.6 5.0 6.0 7.0  22.3 18.0 21.5 18.1 20.4 20.6 21.5  5.2 9.7 7.0 7.5 9.1 5.9 6.8  17.3 21.5 20.8 26.4 23.9 26.8 20.3  27.4 14.2 19.9 14.0 12.5 10.5 12.6  573 1,013 474 651 1,142 487 509 1,039 838 760 1,028 938 2,039  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  82.5 74.2 84.5 64.5 83.3 72.7 71.1 76.5 75.6 80.2 76.7 79.6 66.4  4.8 8.5 4.4 6.0 4.3 3.8 5.6 5.8 3.6 4.0 4.1 6.8 7.0  25.5 14.3 25.9 8.3 20.3 14.1 8.9 13.3 10.6 31.0 18.8 11.6 5.0  17.6 11.0 19.2 4.2 12.8 9.9 5.1 10.7 4.4 27.9 15.1 7.2 2.6  7.9 3.3 6.7 4.2 7.5 4.2 3.9 2.6 6.1 3.1 3.7 4.4 2.5  3.8 5.5 3.9 3.9 7.7 5.7 3.5 4.1 5.7 4.1 6.0 5.1 5.6  20.5 21.9 22.6 20.8 18.7 20.5 23.8 20.3 18.5 16.5 18.3 21.8 15.0  6.5 5.2 5.8 6.9 6.3 6.0 7.0 8.2 11.5 5.4 6.9 9.5 6.1  21.4 18.6 21.8 18.6 25.6 22.1 22.1 24.7 25.7 19.1 22.4 24.6 27.6  11.3 14.8 10.9 26.6 11.9 18.9 20.2 13.8 12.9 11.8 14.5 12.3 28.5  311 1,301 189 519 319 293 831 403 1,620 283 3,090 678 457 151 346 471 370  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  72.2 80.3 77.9 84.4 77.1 61.8 81.6 82.1 79.5 81.9 75.6 77.2 79.7 79.7 75.1 73.7 75.9  5.3 3.1 2.9 3.2 1.8 4.0 5.7 3.2 4.8 4.0 4.4 4.5 5.1 2.1 5.1 4.6 3.2  11.2 18.8 25.9 15.9 22.0 3.2 11.7 15.1 18.4 23.6 13.2 12.5 13.5 22.5 8.9 12.5 10.9  6.2 10.3 19.1 9.0 18.0 .7 5.7 10.9 9.6 16.8 4.3 5.0 9.6 10.6 4.3 9.2 2.5  5.0 8.4 6.8 6.9 4.0 2.5 6.0 4.2 8.8 6.8 8.9 7.5 3.8 11.9 4.6 3.2 8.4  5.9 5.7 5.3 5.5 4.5 4.9 7.2 6.6 4.4 3.1 5.8 6.1 4.5 3.8 3.4 2.5 7.9  18.9 18.3 16.9 20.5 15.4 10.3 21.9 25.0 18.2 20.0 13.8 15.6 23.1 14.3 27.1 17.5 16.1  6.2 9.2 4.1 11.1 7.2 7.0 5.8 9.5 7.0 8.6 11.5 7.5 6.4 8.9 7.8 9.4 11.0  24.7 25.2 23.0 27.6 26.1 32.5 25.8 22.7 26.6 22.7 26.9 31.0 27.2 27.9 22.8 27.3 26.7  23.8 14.3 18.4 10.3 19.0 31.9 12.4 11.2 9.6 13.5 17.5 18.9 11.1 15.3 18.2 17.1 15.2  Cities:  Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit............................................. District of Columbia ....................... Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York ........................................ Philadelphia..................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis .......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ................................ See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  124  Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed'  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Transpor-  Manufacturing Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  698 793 616 360 788 277 331 1,692 378 466 349 1,091 232 515 1,109  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  82.6 80.6 73.8 83.0 79.3 76.1 86.0 83.3 80.2 81.4 80.9 82.2 80.7 79.2 84.4  309  100.0  311 907 334 437 2,344 262 217 467 389 718 741 307 2,031 507  Construc­ tion  Finance, insurance, Services3 and real estate  Govern­ ment  Total  Durable goods  Non­ durable goods  communi­ cations, and public utilities  11.8 7.6 11.4 5.9 6.7 6.9 9.6 7.1 7.8 5.6 6.7 7.5 7.0 6.8 6.1  28.7 17.7 16.9 25.3 19.9 26.6 28.9 23.3 25.2 29.9 20.4 23.9 32.5 17.4 36.1  22.1 11.8 11.2 12.2 14.8 16.6 13.1 14.4 14.5 22.6 11.2 17.0 26.6 11.0 30.3  6.6 5.9 5.8 13.2 5.1 10.0 15.8 8.9 10.8 7.4 9.3 6.9 5.9 6.4 5.7  3.3 13.4 6.9 7.8 5.8 7.7 9.2 8.3 7.0 5.3 7.5 7.7 6.8 10.3 5.3  21.7 20.6 18.3 21.6 17.0 19.5 19.6 20.0 21.2 18.9 22.9 20.5 17.5 19.5 18.4  3.9 5.1 2.7 5.8 7.1 3.9 4.6 6.8 4.4 3.8 6.4 5.1 3.6 6.0 3.7  13.1 16.3 17.6 16.4 22.6 11.4 14.0 17.6 14.7 17.9 16.9 16.6 13.3 17.6 14.8  7.5 11.4 19.7 9.0 11.9 16.9 6.2 9.9 13.4 12.2 12.2 8.6 11.9 12.6 9.2  82.6  12.2  13.6  9.3  4.3  7.0  22.7  7.7  19.5  9.4  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  82.6 84.8 83.4 79.0 78.7 83.7 80.7 80.0 81.1 82.5 74.7 77.7 76.2 82.3  10.7 10.3 7.4 8.8 7.2 8.7 10.0 9.9 8.3 6.8 8.8 11.4 7.9 8.6  27.8 16.4 22.1 17.6 23.2 26.1 16.1 10.9 30.8 24.2 15.6 9.9 12.5 24.8  23.5 8.4 17.1 8.8 16.1 15.4 6.2 6.0 21.7 16.3 9.3 6.4 5.2 12.7  4.3 8.0 5.0 8.8 7.1 10.7 9.9 4.9 9.2 7.9 6.3 3.5 7.3 12.1  5.2 9.2 9.8 12.7 5.7 9.3 15.9 8.9 5.3 6.3 8.9 7.5 7.7 9.0  15.3 22.2 24.6 20.7 17.6 22.4 23.0 27.1 18.0 20.5 17.3 24.4 17.2 17.2  10.7 3.5 3.5 3.2 5.3 3.7 2.2 4.6 4.0 6.7 8.2 5.1 9.8 7.2  12.9 17.4 16.0 15.9 19.8 13.6 13.4 18.5 14.7 18.1 15.9 15.8 21.0 15.4  11.7 7.8 7.5 14.4 10.0 9.9 11.6 10.5 11.7 11.7 15.7 15.1 15.0 10.3  285 525 246 1,258 544 558 342  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  70.3 75.4 73.9 79.1 81.2 80.2 78.7  10.1 8.1 5.1 9.0 9.0 8.0 5.3  20.3 20.0 16.8 20.7 19.3 22.1 22.9  17.3 12.4 10.7 11.8 15.6 14.3 15.9  3.0 7.6 6.1 8.9 3.8 7.8 7.0  4.7 5.5 6.6 7.7 5.5 7.2 8.1  17.8 17.5 22.4 16.9 21.4 18.0 22.7  4.7 6.6 4.0 5.0 5.2 4.6 4.8  12.5 17.1 17.1 19.6 20.8 19.0 14.5  24.6 14.1 17.0 13.1 9.4 10.5 10.9  312 576 258 350 598 268 280 576 468 424 564 492 1,092  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  81.6 77.2 86.1 66.0 84.3 74.4 69.9 76.1 75.3 83.1 77.9 79.4 67.1  8.2 14.0 6.8 10.5 7.0 6.3 9.0 9.8 5.7 7.0 5.6 11.5 11.7  29.6 18.7 30.4 11.4 27.2 17.6 10.9 17.3 11.2 37.5 24.3 15.3 6.1  20.3 15.0 23.9 6.2 18.8 12.7 6.8 14.9 5.2 34.1 20.0 10.4 3.6  9.2 3.7 6.6 5.2 8.4 5.0 4.1 2.4 6.1 3.4 4.3 4.9 2.5  4.7 6.8 5.1 5.9 10.2 7.4 4.5 4.0 6.8 4.6 6.8 6.2 6.9  19.6 19.7 21.9 21.5 17.3 20.5 22.2 20.7 19.4 14.5 17.9 21.1 15.1  3.8 4.0 5.2 4.3 5.0 3.6 5.2 5.0 9.1 4.5 6.0 7.8 4.6  15.6 13.7 16.7 12.3 17.1 18.1 17.8 19.2 23.1 15.0 17.0 17.3 22.7  10.7 11.4 8.0 23.6 10.5 17.4 20.4 11.3 10.8 9.2 12.3 10.1 27.2  160 708 99 280 161 148 465 201 934 150 1,696 352 249 75 197 261 212  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  75.7 79.5 81.6 83.6 78.4 64.7 84.7 85.2 79.8 80.8 75.8 75.7 81.6 76.8 73.3 72.7 76.8  8.0 5.4 4.9 5.7 3.6 7.2 9.3 6.5 7.7 6.7 7.3 8.1 8.8 4.3 8.2 8.1 5.6  17.5 21.9 36.2 20.4 32.3 3.7 15.6 20.2 19.6 30.2 12.5 15.6 16.1 29.1 10.7 16.4 8.8  9.6 13.1 27.6 12.7 28.7 1.0 8.2 16.2 12.4 21.7 4.8 7.6 11.8 13.8 5.8 13.9 2.2  7.9 8.8 8.6 7.7 3.7 2.7 7.4 4.0 7.1 8.5 7.7 8.1 4.3 15.2 4.8 2.5 6.6  8.9 6.7 5.6 6.0 5.6 6.0 9.1 9.4 5.4 3.9 7.9 8.8 5.6 2.9 3.8 1.9 9.8  20.0 18.8 12.4 19.9 14.1 11.0 23.4 28.2 19.5 19.4 16.8 15.8 23.7 10.7 25.1 17.2 16.9  3.4 7.2 2.5 8.6 4.8 7.5 3.8 3.7 5.6 4.9 10.1 4.6 3.2 6.9 5.3 6.4 8.8  17.9 19.5 19.9 22.5 18.0 29.4 20.1 17.2 22.1 15.6 21.3 22.8 24.2 22.6 20.2 22.6 26.7  17.9 13.6 13.2 8.5 16.8 28.0 8.2 7.5 7.6 13.4 15.5 19.6 8.5 17.4 18.5 15.2 11.5  Total2  Trade  Men  Metropolitan areas:4  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Atlanta ............................................. Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Boston PMSA ................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA .................. Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA......................................... Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA ........................... Minneapolis-St. Paul...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News .......................................... Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA ..................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis.......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden .................... San Antonio .................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA .................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C............................... Cities:  Baltimore ......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit.............................................. District of Columbia ....................... Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................. Milwaukee ....................................... New York ........................................ Philadelphia..................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis .......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ................................ See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  I25  Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed1  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing  Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Total2  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Non­ durable goods  Transpor­ tation, communi­ cations, and public utilities  Trade  Finance, insurance, Services3 and real estate  Govern­ ment  Women  Metropolitan areas:4  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Atlanta ............................................. Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Boston PMSA................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA .................. Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA......................................... Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA........................... Minneapolis-St. Paul...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.......................................... Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA ..................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis .......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden .................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA .................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  501 664 521 288 705 242 261 1,364 326 404 310 881 189 441 859  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  76.8 78.9 70.6 82.5 81.6 80.6 82.8 82.7 82.1 79.2 77.0 81.2 80.2 75.9 78.9  1.4 1.6 1.6 .9 1.1 1.5 1.3 .6 1.2 1.1 .9 .8 1.0 1.1 .8  20.3 12.2 8.2 22.1 11.2 11.1 24.2 14.7 15.9 11.7 8.2 13.6 18.7 8.5 12.6  13.6 5.5 3.2 9.2 7.5 4.5 6.7 7.0 7.4 7.2 4.8 8.0 12.4 4.9 8.7  6.8 6.6 5.1 12.9 3.7 6.6 17.5 7.7 8.5 4.5 3.4 5.6 6.3 3.7 3.8  3.3 8.0 2.9 4.6 3.9 2.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 3.8 3.1 6.5 5.0 6.9 3.4  16.7 19.8 16.8 18.3 17.4 20.4 20.1 20.6 20.6 20.6 24.8 21.1 19.9 18.9 24.4  10.2 9.8 10.0 8.5 11.5 9.0 9.1 11.6 8.9 8.6 9.7 10.6 5.7 11.9 9.5  24.9 27.5 31.1 28.2 36.5 35.9 23.4 30.5 30.8 33.5 30.3 28.0 30.0 27.1 28.3  14.2 16.3 25.2 11.9 13.2 16.3 12.6 13.4 14.8 16.2 17.9 14.1 16.1 16.3 16.1  262  100.0  82.6  2.2  7.7  5.1  2.6  4.5  24.7  13.7  29.9  11.9  265 672 340 378 1,744 209 196 382 325 593 546 221 1,640 426  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  87.5 77.9 76.7 76.4 77.6 77.2 81.6 78.5 83.1 79.4 75.6 81.8 75.7 81.7  .6 1.5 .1 .8 1.3 .7 2.1 1.1 .8 1.0 1.8 1.1 .9' .7  13.4 6.8 10.7 12.9 18.3 12.9 13.5 12.0 15.8 12.8 11.2 3.3 13.6 16.0  9.4 2.9 7.0 2.5 8.6 5.8 4.3 3.9 10.4 7.6 5.5 1.8 3.9 6.2  4.0 3.8 3.7 10.4 9.7 7.2 9.2 8.1 5.4 5.2 5.7 1.5 9.8 9.8  4.3 5.0 5.9 6.1 3.7 3.5 5.2 6.2 3.5 4.2 3.8 6.0 3.8 5.6  16.1 21.0 20.3 22.0 15.7 22.0 18.0 22.3 21.4 18.2 20.3 23.0 10.4 16.4  18.1 9.1 14.4 11.2 8.9 7.2 8.4 8.2 9.4 10.9 10.3 10.5 13.0 12.4  35.0 31.2 25.3 23.2 29.6 30.8 34.3 28.9 32.2 32.2 28.2 36.7 33.9 30.4  9.2 16.4 14.3 17.5 14.9 16.1 15.0 16.1 12.5 15.6 20.0 14.5 19.6 15.1  291 465 204 1,081 447 438 284  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  64.0 75.2 69.0 80.8 76.9 84.7 76.1  .8 1.3 .9 1.4 .8 1.1 .7  6.9 11.8 8.6 12.1 10.9 10.4 13.5  3.5 7.1 4.5 5.0 8.4 5.7 9.0  3.3 4.7 4.1 7.1 2.5 4.7 4.5  1.9 3.7 1.9 3.2 4.5 4.5 5.6  26.7 18.5 20.4 19.6 19.2 24.0 20.0  5.7 13.3 10.7 10.3 13.8 7.6 9.1  22.1 26.5 25.2 34.2 27.7 36.8 27.3  30.2 14.3 23.3 15.0 16.3 10.5 14.6  261 437 216 301 544 219 229 463 370 336 464 446 948  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  83.7 70.3 82.6 62.8 82.2 70.6 72.6 77.1 76.0 76.5 75.1 79.7 65.6  .7 1.3 1.5 .8 1.3 .8 1.4 .8 1.0 .3 2.2 1.5 1.6  20.6 8.5 20.6 4.8 12.7 9.8 6.5 8.3 9.7 22.7 12.0 7.5 3.8  14.3 5.7 13.7 1.9 6.1 6.5 2.9 5.5 3.5 20.0 9.1 3.7 1.3  6.4 2.8 6.9 3.0 6.5 3.3 3.6 2.8 6.2 2.7 2.9 3.8 2.4  2.6 3.8 2.5 1.6 5.0 3.6 2.3 4.2 4.3 3.5 4.9 3.9 4.1  21.6 24.7 23.5 19.8 20.3 20.4 25.8 19.9 17.4 19.1 18.8 22.5 14.9  9.7 6.7 6.6 9.9 7.8 8.9 9.1 12.2 14.6 6.6 8.1 11.5 7.8  28.3 25.2 27.9 25.8 35.0 26.9 27.5 31.5 29.0 24.3 29.1 32.6 33.3  12.1 19.4 14.4 30.0 13.4 20.7 20.0 17.0 15.6 15.1 17.2 14.7 30.0  151 593 90 239 158 144 366 202 686 134 1,395 325 208 77 149 210 158  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  68.4 81.2 73.8 85.3 75.7 58.9 77.6 79.1 79.1 83.3 75.4 78.8 77.5 82.4 77.5 75.0 74.7  2.4 .4 .6 .3 (5> .7 1.2 t5) .9 .9 .9 .6 .7 <5i 1.0 .2 .1  4.5 15.1 14.4 10.7 11.5 2.8 6.8 10.1 16.9 16.2 14.0 9.0 10.3 16.1 6.6 7.6 13.8  2.6 7.0 9.7 4.7 7.1 .4 2.6 5.7 5.7 11.3 3.7 2.2 7.1 7.5 2.3 3.4 2.9  1.9 8.1 4.8 6.0 4.4 2.4 4.2 4.4 11.1 4.9 10.4 6.8 3.2 8.6 4.3 4.2 10.9  2.8 4.5 4.8 4.8 3.4 3.7 4.7 3.8 3.0 2.1 3.3 3.2 3.2 4.6 3.0 3.1 5.2  17.8 17.7 21.9 21.2 16.7 9.5 19.9 21.7 16.4 20.6 10.1 15.4 22.4 17.8 29.6 17.8 15.0  9.0 11.5 5.7 14.0 9.8 6.6 8.5 15.4 9.0 12.7 13.2 10.8 10.2 10.8 11.1 13.2 13.8  31.9 32.0 26.4 33.6 34.4 35.6 33.0 28.1 32.7 30.7 33.8 39.8 30.8 33.1 26.2 33.1 26.8  30.1 15.2 24.1 12.4 21.3 36.0 17.7 14.9 12.4 13.7 19.8 18.2 14.3 13.2 17.8 19.4 20.2  Cities:  Baltimore ....................................... Chicago ......................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas ........................................... Detroit.............................................. District of Columbia ...................... Houston............................ Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles ................................... Milwaukee......................... New York .......................... Philadelphia................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis ........................................ San Antonio ................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ................................ See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  126  Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers  Total employed1  Manufacturing Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  1,091 1,050 842 568 1,370 492 474 2,433 605 740 582 1,636 381 877 1,630  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  80.9 81.8 73.6 84.2 80.2 78.5 84.5 84.9 82.2 81.8 80.2 82.6 80.1 77.6 83.0  478  100.0  526 1,245 594 688 3,254 439 260 660 654 1,260 1,149 367 2,611 729  Construc­ tion  Transpor­ tation, communi­ cations, and public utilities  Trade  Finance, insurance, Services3 and real estate  Govern ment  Total  Durable goods  Non­ durable goods  7.8 4.9 7.4 4.0 4.2 4.5 6.4 4.8 4.8 3.8 4.1 5.1 4.6 4.2 4.3  25.4 16.3 13.7 24.4 15.7 19.6 25.5 20.2 21.0 22.4 14.5 19.9 26.0 12.9 26.3  18.6 9.7 8.2 10.9 11.3 11.0 10.4 11.5 11.5 16.2 8.2 13.6 19.8 8.1 21.3  6.9 6.7 5.5 13.5 4.4 8.5 15.1 8.7 9.5 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.2 4.8 5.0  3.4 11.3 5.0 6.3 5.0 5.5 7.3 6.4 6.5 4.6 5.4 6.9 5.9 8.8 4.5  19.4 20.8 17.3 20.2 17.4 20.4 20.5 21.1 21.3 20.5 24.5 20.9 18.4 19.4 21.9  6.7 7.7 6.4 7.1 9.1 6.4 6.7 9.4 6.8 6.2 8.0 7.7 4.8 9.0 6.1  18.0 20.7 23.9 22.0 28.7 22.1 18.0 22.8 21.8 24.3 23.6 21.2 20.3 21.7 19.9  9.9 10.5 20.0 9.5 12.3 16.1 8.3 9.3 12.5 12.2 13.5 9.6 13.7 14.2 10.7  84.1  8.2  11.1  7.4  3.8  5.5  24.3  10.8  24.2  8.5  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  84.5 83.9 80.3 78.9 79.2 81.5 81.7 81.3 82.2 81.0 75.1 83.4 77.2 82.0  6.3 7.3 3.4 5.8 5.2 5.3 7.3 5.8 5.3 4.3 6.0 8.7 5.1 5.4  21.2 12.9 17.2 15.8 22.6 20.9 13.6 12.3 24.2 18.6 13.8 6.8 13.3 20.3  17.0 6.5 12.9 5.7 13.7 11.8 4.8 5.8 16.4 12.0 7.8 4.3 4.9 9.4  4.2 6.4 4.3 10.1 9.0 9.1 8.8 6.5 7.8 6.5 6.0 2.5 8.5 10.9  4.8 6.9 8.5 9.4 4.6 6.2 10.1 8.2 4.2 5.2 6.6 6.4 6.3 7.5  16.7 21.6 23.2 21.3 16.8 22.8 22.3 24.7 19.6 19.9 19.1 24.3 14.9 17.2  12.9 6.6 8.9 7.3 6.7 5.2 6.5 6.7 6.0 8.4 9.2 8.3 11.8 9.5  22.7 23.1 19.1 19.1 23.1 21.2 21.9 23.6 22.9 24.6 20.4 25.2 25.7 21.8  10.5 9.1 10.3 14.1 10.4 11.8 10.4 10.4 12.2 13.5 17.4 10.0 14.9 11.6  348 715 407 1,902 936 943 584  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  69.4 76.1 72.4 81.9 79.2 82.4 77.5  7.2 6.0 3.3 6.0 5.5 5.2 3.4  11.5 15.8 13.4 17.9 15.5 17.0 17.9  9.9 9.7 8.0 9.4 12.3 10.6 12.0  1.5 6.1 5.5 8.5 3.2 6.4 5.9  3.2 3.9 4.2 5.7 5.1 5.8 6.9  24.8 18.6 21.5 18.9 19.8 20.8 21.2  6.3 9.3 7.5 7.8 9.4 5.9 7.1  16.3 22.3 20.6 25.6 23.9 26.7 20.8  23.4 12.5 18.7 11.8 12.4 10.0 12.4  549 903 439 566 967 471 469 915 605 623 931 820 1,495  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  82.6 74.9 84.3 64.7 84.2 72.6 72.0 76.7 73.0 80.2 76.8 80.4 68.8  4.9 8.6 4.6 6.8 5.0 3.9 6.0 6.2 3.9 4.8 4.3 6.9 7.7  25.3 14.3 24.5 7.7 19.9 13.7 9.3 12.8 7.8 28.8 19.5 11.2 5.6  17.3 11.3 17.6 4.0 13.2 9.5 5.3 10.4 4.7 25.4 16.0 6.8 3.2  8.0 3.0 6.9 3.7 6.6 4.2 4.0 2.4 3.0 3.4 3.5 4.4 2.5  3.7 5.3 3.8 4.0 7.8 5.7 3.6 4.0 6.3 4.0 6.0 4.5 5.0  20.8 22.5 23.1 20.2 19.4 20.6 23.8 20.4 16.4 17.2 17.9 22.4 15.5  6.7 5.5 6.0 6.9 6.6 6.0 6.6 8.3 11.0 5.5 7.4 10.2 6.5  21.1 18.6 22.3 19.1 25.2 22.1 22.5 24.8 27.7 19.9 21.5 24.9 28.4  11.0 13.8 10.8 26.3 10.7 19.1 19.0 12.7 12.6 11.3 14.5 11.5 25.8  128 822 121 362 67 114 606 327 1,237 230 2,105 394 428 93 316 401 231  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  75.4 83.0 81.6 87.4 83.0 67.7 84.0 82.6 81.3 82.7 77.1 82.5 79.7 79.2 75.7 74.1 71.7  5.3 3.7 3.3 3.8 3.4 3.0 6.7 2.5 5.7 4.6 4.7 5.1 5.4 3.3 5.5 5.1 3.1  12.3 20.9 31.0 17.3 21.7 4.6 12.4 16.8 20.2 23.6 13.5 14.4 13.4 19.1 9.2 11.3 4.5  7.4 11.6 22.8 10.0 16.5 .8 6.3 12.7 10.0 16.3 4.5 5.6 9.5 9.9 4.4 8.3 2.6  4.8 9.3 8.2 7.3 5.2 3.8 6.1 4.1 10.1 7.3 9.0 8.8 3.9 9.2 4.8 3.0 1.9  6.7 4.8 5.4 4.7 5.1 2.8 6.7 7.4 4.0 2.0 6.3 6.7 4.5 4.5 3.6 2.6 10.1  18.1 18.6 18.5 23.3 19.2 9.1 21.7 26.6 19.0 21.7 14.7 16.9 22.5 16.7 27.0 18.0 12.6  8.2 10.0 4.1 11.5 7.3 8.4 6.9 9.4 7.2 7.7 12.0 8.3 6.6 9.7 7.4 9.1 10.9  24.9 24.9 19.3 26.0 26.3 39.8 25.6 20.0 25.1 23.1 25.8 31.0 27.3 25.6 23.0 28.0 30.4  16.1 10.9 13.8 6.4 10.7 22.8 9.6 10.0 7.0 14.0 14.9 13.6 10.7 14.1 17.3 15.5 15.7  Total2  White  Metropolitan areas:4  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................... Boston PMSA................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA ............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Sprmgfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA ................... Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA......................................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA .......................... Minneapolis-St. Paul ...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.......................................... Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ......................... Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore PMSA ...................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis .......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA ..................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater .. Washington D.C............................... Cities:  Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit.............................................. District of Columbia ........................ Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... LOS Angeles................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York ....................................... Philadelphia.................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis.......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ................................ See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  127  Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued Total employed1  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers Manufacturing  Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Total2  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Non­ durable goods  Transpor­ tation, communi­ cations, and public utilities  Trade  Finance, insurance, Services3 and real estate  Govern­ ment  Black  Metropolitan areas:d  Atlanta ............................................. Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Boston PMSA ................................. Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA ............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA .............. Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA.................. Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA......................................... Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA........................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA............................ Newark PMSA................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.......................................... Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ St. Louis.......................................... San Diego ....................................... Seattle PMSA................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  382 271 49 69 108 518 98 121 72 297 38 55 297  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  74.8 67.1 72.6 75.9 83.5 73.9 74.9 71.6 70.7 77.1 83.8 78.5 76.2  4.5 5.2 1.3 4.7 4.5 2.2 4.5 1.8 2.6 2.0 1.2 2.4 1.4  11.5 10.5 20.7 14.3 29.8 15.6 20.6 16.7 15.0 15.1 29.2 12.3 23.0  6.5 5.2 7.3 9.1 7.9 8.2 9.5 11.7 6.8 8.7 24.1 7.3 18.4  5.0 5.3 13.4 5.2 21.9 7.4 11.1 5.0 8.3 6.4 5.1 5.0 4.6  10.6 5.4 8.6 5.0 7.4 8.4 2.6 4.6 6.0 8.8 6.9 10.1 4.7  18.0 18.9 18.3 7.1 16.7 16.5 18.7 14.5 19.7 20.4 19.5 15.1 15.7  6.2 4.7 4.6 11.3 6.6 7.0 4.3 5.0 6.9 7.1 2.4 8.4 7.4  24.0 22.4 19.0 33.5 18.5 24.3 24.1 28.9 20.3 23.7 24.7 29.3 24.0  22.0 30.7 22.4 20.9 13.1 22.3 23.1 26.0 25.6 19.1 14.9 17.8 20.5  74  100.0  72.2  5.7  8.3  5.9  2.4  9.1  15.5  7.8  25.9  23.0  42 275 74 118 423 152 169 49 102 155 791 176  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  87.7 74.5 81.8 70.8 70.7 80.2 70.8 79.9 77.4 70.1 69.4 81.4  3.4 3.9 6.5 1.3 3.6 4.6 6.5 1.1 4.4 3.6 4.3 4.1  19.0 9.5 8.3 13.0 14.1 17.4 8.7 20.4 13.6 7.8 8.6 23.0  15.0 4.3 3.4 7.2 9.6 6.3 2.5 16.5 7.6 4.7 3.1 11.1  4.0 5.2 4.8 5.8 4.6 11.0 6.2 3.9 6.0 3.1 5.5 11.9  5.7 10.5 3.3 11.3 7.5 11.9 5.9 8.3 10.0 7.7 5.5 7.1  4.7 21.3 18.2 20.8 11.8 17.6 22.9 14.3 14.4 22.7 10.3 15.6  27.9 4.0 10.5 4.2 6.0 2.7 3.4 12.8 9.8 5.5 10.1 9.7  26.9 23.4 35.2 20.2 27.7 25.9 23.3 23.0 25.3 22.5 30.6 21.9  12.3 21.9 14.4 26.4 24.0 18.2 23.4 12.5 20.1 26.3 27.2 16.6  208 94 35 376 32 49  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  62.3 75.5 65.5 70.4 81.8 77.7  2.7 1.9 2.1 3.1 2.5 .3  16.2 16.5 11.6 11.7 13.1 15.6  10.3 10.0 8.4 5.3 10.3 7.8  5.9 6.6 3.3 6.4 2.8 7.8  3.5 9.2 8.1 5.8 7.0 11.0  17.4 17.3 18.8 14.7 34.1 16.7  3.3 9.7 2.7 6.0 3.6 6.3  19.1 19.0 22.2 29.2 21.4 27.8  35.1 20.3 31.1 26.0 15.7 20.6  16 62 28 160 47 44 105 460  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  83.9 70.9 83.7 75.7 . 74.2 77.0 75.5 57.7  2.1 5.7 1.8 .5 3.8 .5 6.1 5.0  24.9 17.9 39.1 22.4 17.0 8.0 13.7 2.9  19.2 14.4 34.2 8.9 13.3 5.9 10.1 1.0  5.7 3.5 4.8 13.5 3.6 2.1 3.7 2.0  6.3 11.6 6.8 7.8 5.4 10.0 10.4 7.8  11.4 13.0 20.3 15.2 31.8 25.4 17.0 11.9  3.5 4.0 3.2 5.1 4.8 2.8 5.4 5.0  35.7 18.8 12.5 24.7 11.4 30.2 22.8 24.9  13.9 25.4 15.9 20.5 23.7 18.4 18.6 38.8  179 420 64 152 245 172 189 74 214 46 745 273 55  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  69.2 74.0 70.0 76.6 75.6 57.6 75.4 81.8 71.7 80.2 68.9 69.2 79.4  5.5 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.5 4.7 3.4 6.5 3.1 1.1 3.9 3.7 .3  10.7 14.5 17.3 12.1 22.2 2.3 9.8 8.3 10.8 21.6 8.8 9.6 25.2  5.4 7.4 13.4 6.6 18.4 .7 4.3 3.4 7.7 17.5 3.2 4.1 8.1  5.2 7.1 4.0 5.5 3.8 1.6 5.5 4.8 3.2 4.2 5.6 5.5 17.1  5.6 8.1 4.8 7.5 4.4 6.3 9.4 3.3 6.7 7.8 5.3 5.3 2.7  19.7 16.4 12.2 14.5 14.5 10.5 22.2 18.2 13.4 13.4 10.1 13.7 10.9  4.4 7.8 3.7 10.4 7.4 6.1 3.6 10.5 5.4 13.4 10.4 6.4 8.1  23.4 25.0 29.8 30.1 25.6 27.7 25.8 35.2 32.2 22.9 30.5 30.5 32.3  30.0 22.0 27.5 20.0 21.0 38.3 20.6 14.4 20.6 11.7 27.6 27.0 18.1  283 70 38 334 191 84 24  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  90.6 92.5 80.9 92.9 89.4 73.8 78.8  10.9 1.8 2.1 3.4 14.4 3.6 2.7  37.1 42.5 19.4 40.4 26.6 18.5 33.1  27.0 18.5 10.0 23.6 15.7 7.0 31.1  10.2 24.0 9.5 16.8 11.0 11.5 2.0  2.7 3.8 1.1 4.4 6.2 7.4 4.9  25.2 20.2 23.9 20.3 20.7 23.0 18.7  1.8 4.0 5.4 7.2 4.8 5.4 9.7  12.8 20.2 29.0 17.1 16.3 15.9 9.8  5.9 2.9 11.1 4.4 6.5 21.9 15.1  Cities:  Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit.............................................. District of Columbia ....................... Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York ........................................ Philadelphia..................................... St. Louis ....................................... Hispanic origin  Metropolitan areas:4  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Boston PMSA ................................. Chicago PMSA ............................... Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Denver-Boulder CMSA .................. Detroit PMSA.................................. See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  128  Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1989 annual averages—Continued Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers  Total employed1  Manufacturing Population group and area  Number (in thou­ sands)  Percent  Total12  Construc­ tion  Total  Durable goods  Non­ durable goods  T ransportation, communi­ cations, and public utilities  Trade  Finance, insurance, Services3 and real estate  Govern­ ment  Hispanic origin—Continued  Metropolitan areas:4  Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............ Houston PMSA............................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Miami-Hialeah PMSA...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .................... Newark PMSA ................................ Oakland PMSA............................... Philadelphia PMSA ......................... Phoenix............................................ Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA......................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA ..................... San Jose PMSA.............................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  40 290 1,342 441 70 674 84 85 39 131  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  84.2 87.6 85.2 83.0 84.3 80.7 87.2 81.8 86.0 78.1  8.2 10.3 6.1 6.4 1.0 3.8 6.2 5.1 5.6 7.6  19.0 17.2 31.3 14.8 23.2 21.8 32.2 22.1 21.8 15.1  14.5 10.1 16.4 6.1 10.0 8.7 11.8 10.4 7.6 12.1  4.5 7.1 14.9 8.7 13.2 13.1 20.4 11.7 14.2 3.1  3.8 7.5 4.2 8.5 10.3 5.6 3.3 3.4 7.3 3.6  23.7 28.5 20.0 25.5 20.9 18.1 20.9 27.9 19.0 23.1  4.9 3.2 4.2 6.2 6.8 8.8 9.0 6.4 1.9 6.3  24.6 19.6 19.4 21.7 22.2 22.6 15.0 16.8 30.4 22.2  9.3 6.7 8.2 7.6 10.0 12.9 7.6 14.1 11.8 16.4  14 223 57 23 236 171 111 102 59 70  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  92.2 78.5 68.2 81.0 75.9 84.4 78.6 84.2 77.9 81.0  2.9 12.5 6.0 3.1 6.5 8.8 3.6 4.3 6.6 10.6  63.8 15.7 11.1 25.2 10.1 12.1 6.7 31.9 15.9 2.0  43.8 11.4 4.6 19.1 5.6 10.0 2.8 26.2 8.3 (5)  20.0 4.3 6.5 6.0 4.5 2.1 3.9 5.7 7.5 2.0  3.2 4.8 4.5 6.3 3.7 2.5 5.6 3.2 3.4 2.8  8.0 28.1 14.7 21.3 28.1 26.7 20.2 18.8 17.1 21.0  3.1 4.1 8.0 3.6 4.5 5.4 9.4 2.6 11.9 12.1  11.2 13.2 24.0 21.3 22.8 28.8 33.0 23.3 23.0 32.5  5.8 10.1 18.0 13.2 17.4 10.6 12.9 8.7 13.6 14.8  229 15 191 563 604 75 195 104 52  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  91.2 83.4 87.7 88.3 79.8 80.9 77.2 85.7 75.0  2.2 9.3 10.9 7.9 3.1 7.7 5.9 10.6 5.6  37.9 .3 15.9 27.8 22.6 14.0 10.8 10.5 2.1  20.9 R 10.3 11.3 8.5 11.0 5.6 9.6 1.0  17.1 .3 5.6 16.4 14.0 3.0 5.2 .9 1.0  4.6 1.9 8.1 3.3 5.7 3.9 3.4 1.7 8.9  19.0 23.1 29.3 24.3 16.6 22.8 29.8 26.6 13.2  7.0 11.2 2.3 4.0 9.0 7.6 4.5 3.9 10.7  20.4 37.6 20.1 21.1 23.0 24.9 22.8 32.5 34.5  5.8 12.6 7.1 5.0 13.9 12.7 16.9 11.3 16.6  Cities:  Chicago ........................................... District of Columbia ........................ Houston........................................... Los Angeles.................................... New York ........................................ Phoenix............................................ San Antonio.................................... San Diego....................................... San Francisco ................................  5 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed. NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­ ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  1 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining. 2 Includes mining. 3 Excludes private household workers. 4 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary Definitions”.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  129  Appendix A. Concepts and Definitions for Data Derived from the Current Population Survey  Tables showing labor force status include provisional es­ timates of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years and over as well as data on the civilian labor force, unem­ ployment rates, and labor force participation rates. Popula­ tion estimates are revised by the Bureau of the Census each year, and the revised estimates are incorporated into the CPS labor force levels. This adjustment affects the estimates of labor force, employment, and unemployment but does not affect percentages such as unemployment rates, participa­ tion rates, or employment-population ratios. The civilian labor force comprises all civilians classified as employed or unemployed in accordance with the criteria described below. The employed are all civilians who did any work as paid employees or in their own business during the survey week, or who worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an enterprise operated by a family member. Persons temporar­ ily absent from a job because of illness, bad weather, a strike, or for personal reasons are also counted as employed whether they were paid by their employer or were seeking other jobs. The unemployed are all civilians who did not work during the survey week, made specific efforts to find a job in the prior 4 weeks, and were available for work during the sur­ vey week (except for temporary illness). Persons waiting to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off, or waiting to report to a new job within 30 days, need not be looking for work to be classified as unemployed. Duration of unemployment represents the length of time (through the current survey week) during which persons clas­ sified as unemployed have been continuously looking for work. For persons on layoff, duration of unemployment represents the number of full weeks since the termination of their most recent employment. A period of 2 weeks or more during which a person was employed or ceased looking for work is considered to break the continuity of the present period of jobseeking. Duration of unemployment measures the length of a spell of unemployment currently in progress. Hence, it should not be confused with a completed spell of unemployment. Reasons for unemployment are divided into four major groups: (1) Job losers are persons whose employment ended involuntarily and who immediately began looking for work.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  and persons on layoff. (2) Job leavers are persons who quit or otherwise terminated their employment voluntarily and immediately began looking for work. (3) Reentrants are per­ sons who previously worked at a full-time job lasting 2 weeks or longer but were out of the labor force before looking for work. (4) New entrants are persons who never worked at a full-time job lasting 2 weeks or longer. The unemployment rate for all civilian workers represents the number unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force. The civilian labor force participation rate is the ratio of the civilian labor force to the civilian noninstitutional population. The civilian employment-population ratio is the percentage of all employed civilians in the civilian noninstitutional population. Hours of work statistics relate to the actual number of hours worked during the survey week. For example, persons who normally work 40 hours a week, but who were off on the Columbus Day holiday, would be reported as working 32 hours even though they were paid for the holiday. For per­ sons working in more than one job, the figures relate to the number of hours worked in all jobs during the survey week, with all hours credited to the major job. Persons who worked 35 hours or more in the survey week are designated as working full time; correspondingly, per­ sons who worked between 1 and 34 hours are designated as working part time. Part-time workers are classified by their usual status at their present job (either full or part time) and by their reason for working part time during the survey week (economic or noneconomic). “Economic reasons” include: Slack work, material shortages, repairs to plant or equip­ ment, start or termination of a job during the week, and ina­ bility to find full-time work. “Noneconomic reasons” include: Labor dispute, bad weather, own illness, vacation, demands of home, school, no desire for full-time work, and full-time worker only during the peak season. Persons on full-time schedules include, in addition to those working 35 hours or more, those who worked from 1 to 34 hours for noneconomic reasons and usually work full time. The distribution of employment by hours worked relates to persons “at work” during the survey week. At-work data differ from data on total employment because the latter in­ clude persons in the zero-hours-worked category, “with a job but not at work.” Included in this latter group are 130  classification systems appears in “Revisions in the Current Population Survey Beginning in January 1983” in the Febru­ ary 1983 issue of Employment and Earnings. Race and Hispanic origin. Beginning with 1981 annual averages, Geographic Profile presents racial data for white and black workers. Before 1981, racial data were published for white and “black and other” workers. The “other” category consists primarily of American Indians, Alaskan Natives, and Asians and Pacific Islanders. Hispanic origin refers to persons who identified themselves in the enumeration process as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or of other Hispanic origin or descent. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race; thus they are included in both the white and black population groups. A more detailed description of the concepts and defini­ tions used in the survey appears in the Explanatory Notes of the BLS monthly publication Employment and Earnings.  persons who were on vacation, ill, involved in a labor dis­ pute, or otherwise absent from their jobs for voluntary, noneconomic reasons. These persons are classified accord­ ing to whether they usually work full or part time. Occupation, industry, and class of worker data for the em­ ployed refer to the job held during the survey week. Per­ sons with two jobs or more are classified according to the job in which they worked the most hours during the survey week. The unemployed are classified according to the last full-time civilian job held for 2 weeks or more. Beginning with 1983 data, all occupational and industry data presented in this bulletin are coded according to the classification sys­ tems used in the 1980 census, rather than the 1970 census systems used through 1982. While this conversion had little effect on industry-related data, the new occupational categories are so radically different that their implementa­ tion represents a break in historical data series. Additional information on the 1980 census occupational and industrial   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  131  Appendix B. Sampling and Estimation Procedures and Sampling Error Tables  The estimates presented in this bulletin are based on an­ nual averages of monthly data obtained from the CPS—a sam­ ple survey of the civilian noninstitutional population. The survey is conducted each month by the Bureau of the Cen­ sus for BLS, and provides comprehensive data on the labor force, the employed, and the unemployed, including such characteristics as age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, marital sta­ tus, occupation, and industry. The survey also provides data on the characteristics of those not in the labor force. The information is collected by trained interviewers from a scien­ tifically selected sample designed to represent the civilian noninstitutional population. Each month, about 60,000 occupied housing units are eligible for interview. Respon­ dents are interviewed using a standardized questionnaire to obtain information about the employment status of each household member 16 years of age and over. The reference period is the calendar week, Sunday through Saturday, which includes the 12th of the month. This is known as the survey week. Actual field interviewing is conducted during the week which includes the 19th of the month. Inmates of institutions, members of the Armed Forces, and persons under 16 years of age are not covered in the regular monthly enumerations and are excluded from the population and labor force statistics shown in the bulletin.  are the most populated in each State. Other strata were formed by combining psu’s which were similar in such characteristics as population growth, proportion of blacks and Hispanics, occupation/industry, and age/sex distribution. PSU’s selected from these strata are non-self-representing, since each one chosen represents the entire stratum. Within each of the selected psu’s, the number of house­ holds to be enumerated each month is determined in two steps. First, a sample of census enumeration districts (ED’s) is selected using the population size probability selection procedure. ED’s are administrative units and contain, on the average, about 300 households. Second, clusters of approx­ imately four addresses (contiguous wherever possible) are selected to be enumerated within each designated ed. Part of the sample is changed, or rotated, each month. A primary reason for rotating the sample is to minimize the lack of cooperation which may result from interviewing a constant panel indefinitely. The rotation plan provides for three-fourths of the sample to be identical from one month to the next and one-half to be identical with the same month a year earlier.  Estimating methods Under the estimating methods used, all of the results for a given month become available simultaneously and are based on returns from the entire panel of respondents. The esti­ mation procedure involves the weighting up, or inflating, of the data from each sample person to develop estimates for the entire population from which the sample was drawn. The basic weights, which are the inverse of the sampling ratios (defined as the number of sample households divided by total households in the State), are adjusted to better reflect the entire population, as described below.  Sampling procedures The 1989 sample encompasses 729 sample areas compris­ ing over 1,000 counties and cities, with coverage in every State and the District of Columbia. It is based to a large ex­ tent on information about the distribution of the population as reported in the 1980 decennial census. These areas were selected by dividing the entire area of the United States into 1,973 primary sampling units (psu’s). With some minor ex­ ceptions, a psu consists of a county or number of contigu­ ous counties. Most metropolitan areas constitute separate psu’s. To improve the efficiency of the sample, the 1,973 psu’s were grouped into strata within each State. Then, one PSU was selected from each stratum, with the probability of selec­ tion proportionate to the population size in the PSU. psu’s in strata by themselves are self-representing, and generally   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1. Noninterview adjustment. The weights for all interviewed households are inflated to account for occupied sampled households for which no information was obtained because of impassable roads, refusals, unavailability of the respon­ dent, or other reasons. The proportion of sample households not interviewed for these reasons generally varies from 4 to 5 percent. 132  The entire second-stage ratio estimation procedure is iterated six times and, when completed, insures that the ad­ justed sample population estimates, both for the States and the national age-sex-race-Hispanic origin categories, will be virtually equal to the independent population estimates for these categories. The monthly independent State controls for the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years and over are based on an arithmetic extrapolation of the trend in population growth using the two most recent July 1 estimates, with all State estimates prorated to a current estimate of the U.S. popula­ tion. State estimates by age for July 1 are published annually in Current Population Reports, Series P-25. Descriptions of the methodology used in developing State totals and the age estimates are available in Reports 640 and 1010, respectively, of that series.  2. Ratio estimates. The distribution of the population as es­ timated by the sample may differ somewhat each month, by chance, from that of the population as a whole in such charac­ teristics as age, sex, ethnic origin, and residence. Since these characteristics are closely correlated with labor force par­ ticipation and other principal measurements made from the sample, the latter estimates can be substantially improved when adjusted appropriately to conform to the known dis­ tribution of these population characteristics. This is accom­ plished through two stages of ratio estimation as follows: a. First-stage ratio estimate. As explained above, non-selfrepresenting psu’s are chosen to represent not only them­ selves, but also other unsampled areas. The first-stage ratio adjustment procedure is designed to correct for the differ­ ences that existed at the time of the the 1980 census between the distribution of the population by race in the non-selfrepresenting sample areas and the corresponding distribu­ tion in the entire geographic area from which the non-selfrepresenting areas were selected. The adjustment is made at the State level for each of the 43 States which contain non­ self-representing areas by the race categories of black and non-black. The first-stage adjustment factors are derived us­ ing the non-self-representing PSU’s in the sample, and hence, are recomputed only when a new psu is rotated into the sample.  3. Composite estimate procedure. In deriving the statistics for a given month, a composite estimating procedure is used to take account of net changes in the sample results from the previous month for the continuing 75 percent of the households in the sample. It is a weighted average of the data from the current and previous months, and includes an ad­ ditional term which is an estimate of the net difference between incoming and continuing parts of the current month’s sample. Almost all estimates of month-to-month changes are improved by this procedure. Most estimates of levels are also improved, but to a lesser extent.  b. Second-stage ratio estimate. This stage is designed to adjust the inflated first-stage estimates to conform to the most recent distribution of the entire U.S. population by age-sexrace-Hispanic origin and is conducted in three steps. In the first step, the sample population and the labor force estimates are adjusted within each State and the District of Columbia using an independent control for the population 16 years and over for that area. In effect, the ratio of the independent and sample population is used to inflate the sam­ ple labor force estimates. The second step involves an ad­ justment by Hispanic origin to a national estimate for eight age-sex categories by Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin.1 In the third step, a national adjustment is made by the race categories of white, black, and other races to independent estimates by age and sex.  Reliability of the estimates Since the estimates in this bulletin are based upon a sam­ ple of the population rather than a complete count, they may differ from the figures that would have been obtained if it had been possible to take a complete census using the same schedules and procedures as are used in the CPS. There are two types of errors in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. The sampling error tables in this report indicate the magnitude of the sampling error. They also partially measure the effect of some nonsampling errors in response and enumeration, but do not measure any systematic biases in the data. In general, the error of a sample estimate varies inversely with the size of the sample and directly with the size of the estimate. Hence, an estimate for a subgroup constituting a small proportion of a population will tend to have a larger error relative to its size, than an estimate for a larger subgroup.  1 Prior to January 1985, there was no separate control for Hispanics in the second-stage ratio estimation procedure. These controls are prepared by carrying forward the 1980 census count for Hispanics by adding esti­ mated Hispanic births and immigrants and subtracting estimated Hispanic deaths and emigrants to yield an estimate of the Hispanic population by age and sex. In addition, the second-stage ratio estimation procedure was revised in January 1986 to reflect an explicit allowance for net undocumented immigra­ tion (mostly Hispanic) since April 1, 1980 (the census date) and an increase in the estimate of emigration of legal foreign-bom residents, also since 1980. The nature and effect of these changes on the labor force estimates are dis­ cussed in detail in “Changes in the Estimation Procedure in the Current Population Survey Beginning in January 1986“ in the February 1986 issue of Employment and Earnings.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Reliability standards The CPS sample design takes into consideration both national and State reliability. For the State data, a minimum reliability standatd is set: an expected maximum coefficient of variation (cv) on unemployment of 8 percent annually. This is calculated at one standard error based on a 6-percent 133  unemployment rate. Because each State’s design must meet the reliability standard, the CPS sampling rate differs by State. (The sampling rate is the proportion of all households that are selected for the sample.) Generally, the smaller the State population, the higher the sampling rate. The average State sampling rate is about 1 household in 1,700.  Publication standards for State and area cps data In order to achieve comparability of the data for regions, divisions, States, metropolitan areas, and cities for publica­ tion purposes, a unique requirement for minimum labor force, employment, and unemployment had to be developed for each area. This requirement is based on the known differ­ ences in sampling ratios among these areas. Before estimates are published for a specific category, a predetermined “crit­ ical cell” must meet the comparable minimum publication standard for national cps data. As a result of this require­ ment, minimum bases for publication have been developed for each area. Table B-l lists the minimum necessary base for publication of data in each of the regions, divisions, States, the District of Columbia, and the metropolitan areas and cities appearing in this bulletin. Estimates are not shown when they do not meet the mini­ mum base for the State or area listed in table B-l. In tables showing the labor force status of the population, the critical cell is the size of the labor force of the particular population group. In all other tables, the determining factor or critical cell is the size of the base of the distribution, i.e., the size of total employment or unemployment for that area or popu­ lation subgroup. Data are not published for any cell with fewer than 500 persons or less than 0.5 percent.  Ed=  V  Ef + El - C  where: Ej = the sampling error of one group or year E2 = the sampling error of another group or year C = the covariance (or relationship) term between E and E2 Erf = the sampling error of the difference. The Ej and the E2 must be found in the appropriate Geo­ graphic Profile for each year, since the size of the samples and, consequently, sampling errors may differ from year to year. Estimates for the “C” term for areas in this bulletin are not available. (If the relationship between the two groups or years is small, the “C’ term may be ignored. If, however, there is a strong positive relationship between the two groups, then the error computed without the “C” term will be over­ stated.) An example will show how this significance test is applied. Suppose one wished to know whether a hypotheti­ cal change in the CPS unemployment rate in Alaska from 10.0 percent in 1988 to 8.0 in 1989 is significant. Assume that the labor force was about 100,000 in both years. Table B-20 in the 1988 Geographic Profile gives the error for a 10.0-percent unemployment rate as 1.55, and table B-20 in this year’s bulletin gives the error for an 8.0-percent unem­ ployment rate as 1.41. Using the formula described above, the following would result:  Using the sampling error tables Tables B-2 through B-37 provide sampling errors for use in constructing 90-percent confidence intervals (1.6 times one standard error) for major labor force characteristics. They indicate the order of magnitude of the sampling error rather than the precise amount of the possible error in an estimate. Table B-14 shows that an estimate of 50,000 unemployed persons (total or white) in Alabama will have an absolute sampling error of 10,000, yielding a relative sampling error of 20 percent. In comparison, an estimate of 100,000 unemployed persons in Alabama has an absolute sampling error of 14,000, yielding a relative sampling error of 14 percent. The statement that unemployment in Alabama is between 40,000 and 60,000 in the first instance, and between 86,000 and 114,000 in the second, is made with 90-percent confidence. This can be interpreted as follows: If one were to draw all possible samples and make an estimate from each sample (using the same methods and techniques) and then construct an interval around each estimate (using the sampling errors  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  shown on the tables), then 90 percent of these intervals would contain the average value of all possible samples. To calculate a 68-percent interval (two chances out of three), multiply the sampling error shown by 0.63. To convert the sampling error to 95-percent confidence (19 chances out of 20), multiply the sampling error by 1.23. For the example given above, the sampling error at 90-percent confidence was 10,000. At 68-percent conficence, the error would be about 6,300 (10,000 x 0.63 = 6,300). At 95-percent confidence, the error would be about 12,300 (10,000 x 1.23 = 12,300). To compute the error of a difference from the tables, an additional step is required. If, for instance, one wishes to know whether a change in the unemployment rate from 1988 to 1989 in a particular area is statistically significant, or whether the difference in the unemployment rate between two areas or population groups is statistically meaningful, the significance of the difference needs to be computed. To test for the significance of a difference, the following formula should be used:  E, = 1.55, E, = 1.41 E2 +  = 4.391  V~4J9T = 2.10 134  If the sample estimate lies outside the boundaries of the error tables, extrapolation can be used to approximate the sampling error. The formula for extrapolation is the same as that for interpolation; however, the “F” term is the highest value in the table and the “G” term becomes the next highest value.  Assuming a negligible “C” term, the error of the differ­ ence is about 2.1. Since the actual change (2.0 percent) is less than the error of the difference, it cannot be stated, with 90-percent confidence, that the difference in rates is attributa­ ble to factors other than sampling error alone. To derive a sampling error for a given estimate, it may be necessary to use interpolation or extrapolation. For ex­ ample, table B-14 contains no sampling error for an estimate of 150,000 unemployed persons in Alabama. The following formula shows how to interpolate for an estimate of 150,000  Derivation of sampling errors These State and area sampling errors are developed using a generalized procedure and are not based on the sample data for each individual area. As with all sampling error tables produced for CPS State and area data, a number of approxi­ mations were required in order to derive sampling errors that would be applicable to a wide variety of items. As a result, these sampling errors provide an indication of the order of magnitude of a sampling error rather than a precise sampling error for any specific item. The sampling error tables are derived from standard error equations and special parameters developed by the Bureau of the Census. These may be ob­ tained from the BLS upon request.  in Alabama: Es = [[(S-G) / (F-G)] x (X-Y)] + Y where: F = published size immediately above the size desired (200,000) G = published size immediately below the size desired (100,000) S = size desired (150,000) X = error of the F (19,000) Y = error of the G (14,000) E = error of the S (16,500).   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  135  Contents—Publication Standards and Sampling Error Tables  Page Tables: B-l. Minimum bases required for publication of State, Census region and division, and metropolitan area data .......................................................................................................  137  Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level by Census region and division: B-2. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons ................................................. B-3. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons................................................................. B-4. Estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin.......................................... B-5. Estimated labor forceand employment numbers for total or whitepersons........................ B-6. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons..................................... B-7. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanicorigin............... B-8. Estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons .................................................. B-9. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons................................................................. B-10. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin .......................................... B-l 1. Civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons...................................... B-12. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons..................................................... B-13. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin..............................  138 138 138 139 140 140 142 144 145 146 148 150  Sampling error at the 90-percent confidence level by State: B-14. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons ................................................. B-15. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons.................................................................. B-16. Estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin........................................... B-17. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons..................... B-18. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons.................................... B-19. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanic origin............. B-20. Estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons ................................................... B-21. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons.................................................................. B-22. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin ........................................... B-23. Civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons...................................... B-24. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons..................................................... B-25. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin..............................  152 153 154 155 157 158 160 164 167 170 173 176  Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level for selected metropolitan areas and cities: B-26. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons ................................................. B-27. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons.................................................................. B-2 8. Estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin........................................... B-29. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons...................... B-30. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons.................................... B-31. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanic origin............. B-32. Estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons ................................................... B-33. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons................................................................... B-34. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin ........................................... B-35. Civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons..................................... B-36. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons.................................................... B-37. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin..............................  179 180 181 182 183 184 186 189 191 193 196 198   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  136  Table B-1. Minimum bases required for publication of Census region and division, State, and metropolitan area data (In thousands) State or area  Minimum base  Northeast ............................................................................................. New England......................................................................................  22 18 23 33 32 33 34 33 38 38 34 25 38  East North Central............................................................................. South Atlantic..................................................................................... East South Central ............................................................................  State or area Metropolitan areas:1  Baltimore...................................................... .......................... ........ . Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA ............................................................ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill............................................................  Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA .............................................................. Alaska ..................................................................................................  Delaware .............................................................................................  Georgia................................................................................................. Hawaii................................................................................................... Idaho Illinois................................................................................................... Indiana ................................................................................................ Iowa ..................................................................................................... Kansas .................................................................................................  49 7 53 22 51 36 35 7 7 27 56 10 10 28 53 27 21 37 42 11  Denver-Boulder CMSA.................................................................... Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA ........................................ Kansas City .................................................................................... Memphis .......................................................................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA .................................. Milwaukee PMSA......................... .......................................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA....................................................................... New Orleans ................................................................................... New York PMSA................................................................................ Newark PMSA.................................................................................  Philadelphia PMSA  Mississippi...........................................................................................  New Jersey.......................................................................................... New Mexico........................................................................................ New York ............................................................................................ North Carolina.................................................................................... North Dakota ....................................................................................... Ohio ..................................................................................................... Oklahoma............................................................................................ Oregon .................................................................................................  46 14 23 42 23 49 8 17 23 12 18 27 31 14 10 25 31 38 27 10  ........................................................................  Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.....................................................  San Diego.......................................................................................... San Francisco PMSA........................................................................ San Jose PMSA..................................................................... Seattle PMSA............................ Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater ................................................... Washington D.C..................................................................................  Texas ............................................................................................... Utah ..................................................................................................... Vermont............................................................................................... Virginia................................................................................................. Washington .................................................................................... West Virginia ...................................................................................... Wyoming .............................................................................................  ' All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA's) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  42 50 44 18 14 24 15 27 26 24 24 34 24 29 21 26 35 34 49 36 46 33 34 26 34 37 24 36 31 18 39 42 25 24 31 26 27 11 42 24 42 40 13 34 42 42 42 38 26 35  Cities:  Cleveland........................................................................................... 29 6 46 47 21 6 58 60 17 49 5  Minimum base  Indianapolis .................................................................................... Los Angeles ...................................................................................... Milwaukee.......................................................................................... New York........................................................................................... Philadelphia ...................................................................................... Phoenix .............................................................................................. San Antonio ....................................................................................... San Diego.......................................................................................... San Francisco....................................................................................  44 37 24 34 21 34 49 46 34 31 26 31 45 34 42 42  Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary Definitions".  137  Table B-2. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons by Census region and division (In thousands) Estimated level 25  50  100  200  250  400  600  800  1,000  1,500  Northeast ........................................ New England ............................... Middle Atlantic.............................  5 5 5  7 6 7  10 9 10  14 13 15  16 14 17  20 18 21  25 25  28 _ 29  32 _ 33  39 _ -  -  Midwest ........................................... East North Central......................  6 6 6  9 9 9  12 12 13  18 17  20 20  25 25  30 30  35 35  39 39  48 47  55 _  South ............................................... South Atlantic .............................. East South Central...................... West South Central.....................  6 6 7 6  9 9 10 9  13 13 13 13  18 18 19 18  20 20 21 20  26 25 27 26  31 30 32 31  36 35 _ 36  40 39 _ 40  49 48 _ -  56 _ _ -  63 _ _ -  West................................................. Mountain....................................... Pacific ...........................................  6 5 6  9 7 9  12 10 13  17 14 18  19 16 20  25 20 26  30  35  38  47  -  -  _  _  32  36  40  49  _ -  _ -  _  2,000  2,500  _ -  Table B-3. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by Census region and division (In thousands) Estimated level Census region and division Northeast .......... New England .. Middle Atlantic Midwest....................... East North Central .... West North Central ... South........................ South Atlantic ....... East South Central West South Central West ........ Mountain Pacific ....  Table B-4. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin by Census region and division (In thousands) Estimated level Census region and division 10  20  25  50  100  200  250  400  Northeast ........................................ New England ............................... Middle Atlantic .............................  2 2 2  3 3 3  5 4 5  5 5  7 8  10 11  15 -  -  -  -  “  Midwest ........................................... East North Central ...................... West North Central......................  3 3 3  4 4 4  5 5 -  6 6 -  9 8 -  -  -  -  "  -  -  South ............................................... South Atlantic .............................. East South Central...................... West South Central.....................  3 3 3 3  4 4 _ 4  6 6 6  7 6 7  9 9 10  13 12 13  18 19  21  West................................................. Mountain....................................... Pacific ...........................................  3 2 3  4 3 4  6 5 6  7 5 7  9 8 10  13 11 14  18 19  21 22  5   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  138  ~  -  -  26 26 27  Table B-5. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons by Census region and division (In thousands) Estimated level Census region and division 10  20  25  50  100  200  250  400  800  1,000  1,500  2,000  Northeast ........................................ New England ............................... Middle Atlantic.............................  4 3 4  5 4 5  6 5 6  8 7 8  11 10 12  16 14 16  18 16 18  22 20 23  31 27 32  35 30 36  43 36 44  49 40 50  Midwest ........................................... East North Central ....................... West North Central ......................  4 4 5  6 6 7  7 7 7  10 10 11  14 14 15  20 20 21  22 22 23  28 28 29  40 39 41  44 43 45  54 52 54  62 60 61  South ............................................... South Atlantic .............................. East South Central....................... West South Central......................  5 5 5 6  8 7 7 8  8 8 8 9  12 11 11 13  17 16 16 19  24 23 22 26  27 25 25 29  34 32 31 37  47 45 43 52  53 50 48 57  65 61 58 69  74 70 65 79  West................................................. Mountain....................................... Pacific ...........................................  5 5 5  7 7 7  8 7 8  11 11 12  16 15 16  23 21 23  25 23 26  32 29 32  45 40 45  50 45 51  61 53 61  69 60 70  5,000  7,500  Estimated level 2,500  10,000  12,500  15,000  20,000  25,000  30,000  35,000  40,000 i”  Northeast .......................................... New England ................................. Middle Atlantic................................  54 44 55  74 50 74  87 44 86  97 94  103 98  108 99  111 92  107 -  94 “  ~  Midwest............................................. East North Central......................... West North Central........................  69 67 67  95 90 83  112 105 86  125 115 75  135 121 -  142 124 -  150 120 -  150 102 -  143 -  127 -  - “  South ................................................. South Atlantic ................................ East South Central ........................ West South Central .......................  83 77 71 87  114 105 85 114  137 122 81 127  155 134 130  169 141 125  181 145 110  197 141 -  208 123 -  212 -  212 -  206 -  West .................................................. Mountain......................................... Pacific.............................................  77 64 78  105 74 105  124 63 121  137 131  146 136  152 137  156 125  148 -  128 -  -  -  -  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  139  Table B-6. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons by Census region and division (In thousands) Estimated level  Census region and division 10  20  25  50  100  200  250  400  600  800  1,000  1,500 2,000 — 29 33  2,500  5,000  7,500  38  -  -  41 40 -  46 44  63  59 59  66 65  92 89  53  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Northeast ........................................ New England ............................... Middle Atlantic.............................  2 2 2  3 3 4  4 3 4  5 5 6  8 7 8  11 10 11  12 11 12  15 14 16  19  21  24  _  _  _  _  19  22  24  30  34  Midwest ........................................... East North Central ...................... West North Central .....................  3 3 3  4 4 4  5 5 5  7 7 7  9 9 10  13 13 14  15 15 16  19 18 20  23 22 24  26 26 -  29 29 -  36 35 -  South ............................................... South Atlantic .............................. East South Central...................... West South Central.....................  4 4 5 4  6 6 7 6  7 7 7 6  10 10 10 9  14 14 14 12  19 19 20 18  21 21 23 20  27 27 29 25  33 33 35 30  38 38 40 35  42 42 44 38  52 52 53 46  West................................................. Mountain....................................... Pacific ...........................................  3 2 3  4 3 4  5 4 5  6 5 7  9 7 10  13 10 14  14  18  22  25  28  35  _  _  _  _  _  _  15  19  23  27  30  36  37  110  Table B-7. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanic origin by Census region and division (In thousands) Estimated level Census region and division 25  50  100  200  250  400  600  800  1,000  1,500  2,000  2,500  5,000  14  18  25 26  28 29  34 35  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  Northeast.......................................... New England ................................. Middle Atlantic...............................  4 4 5  6 6 6  9 8 9  13 11 13  -  14  18  22 22  Midwest............................................. East North Central........................ West North Central .......................  5 5 7  8 7 9  11  15 15 18  17 17 -  22 21 -  27 25 -  31 29 -  _ -  _ -  South................................................. South Atlantic ................................ East South Central ....................... West South Central ......................  9 6 5 9  12 8  17  27 18  34 22  42 27  •48 31  54 35  66  75  84  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  13  18  24 16 25  28  36  43  50  56  67  76  West .................................................. Mountain......................................... Pacific.............................................  7 8 7  10 11 9  14 15 13  19 21 19  21 24 21  27 30 26  33 36 32  38 41 37  42 45 41  52  59  66  90  -  -  -  -  50  57  63  85   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10 13 11 -  -  140  116  -  Index to tables B-8 to B-13 of sampling errors for rates by Census region and division Table  Census region and division  Northeast ........ New England Middle Atlantic Midwest .................... East North Central West North Central South ........................ South Atlantic . . . . East South Central West South Central West......... Mountain Pacific . .   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  141  Table B-8. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by Census region and division Census region and division and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 1: Northeast Region and Middle Atlantic and South Atlantic Divisions 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7,500 ................................................. 10,000 ............................................... 12,500 ............................................... 15,000 ............................................... 20,000 ............................................... 25,000 ............................................... 30,000 ...............................................  7.15 4.52 3.20 2.26 2.02 1.43 1.01 .72 .64 .51 .41 .36 .32 .26 .23 .20 .14 .12 .10 .09 .08 .07 .06 .06  10.05 6.36 4.50 3.18 2.84 2.01 1.42 1.01 .90 .71 .58 .50 .45 .37 .32 .28 .20 .16 .14 .13 .12 .10 .09 .08  14.04 8.88 6.28 4.44 3.97 2.81 1.99 1.40 1.26 .99 .81 .70 .63 .51 .44 .40 .28 .23 .20 .18 .16 .14 .13 .12  16.97 10.73 7.59 5.37 4.80 3.39 2.40 1.70 1.52 1.20 .98 .85 .76 .62 .54 .48 .34 .28 .24 .22 .20 .17 .15 .14  19.34 12.23 8.65 6.12 5.47 3.87 2.74 1.93 1.73 1.37 1.12 .97 .87 .71 .61 .55 .39 .32 .27 .25 .22 .19 .17 .16  Part 2: Midwest and South Regions and East North Central, West North Central, East South Central, and West South Central Divisions 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7,500 ................................................. 10,000 ............................................... 12,500 ............................................... 15,000 ............................................... 20,000 ............................................... 25,000 ............................................... 30,000 ............................................... 35,000 ............................................... 40,000 ............................................... 50,000 ...............................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  21.33 13.49 9.54 6.75 6.03 4.27 3.02 2.13 1.91 1.51 1.23 1.07 .95 .78 .67 .60 .43 .35 .30 .27 .25 .21 .19 .18  25.21 15.94 11.27 7.97 7.13 5.04 3.57 2.52 2.25 1.78 1.46 1.26 1.13 .92 .80 .71 .51 .41 .36 .32 .29 .25 .23 .21  28.01 17.72 12.53 8.86 7.92 5.60 3.96 2.80 2.51 1.98 1.62 1.40 1.25 1.02 .89 .79 .56 .46 .40 .36 .33 .28 .25 .23  30.04 19.00 13.43 9.50 8.50 6.01 4.25 3.00 2.69 2.12 1.74 1.50 1.34 1.10 .95 .85 .60 .49 .43 .38 .35 .31 .28 .25  26.09 16.50 11.67 8.25 7.38 5.22 3.69 2.61 2.33 1.85 1.51 1.31 1.17 .95 .83 .74 .52 .43 .37 .33 .30 .26 .24 .22 .20 .19 .17  30.24 19.13 13.52 9.56 8.55 6.05 4.28 3.02 2.71 2.14 1.75 1.51 1.35 1.11 .96 .86 .61 .50 .43 .39 .36 .31 .28 .26 .24 .22 .20  32.82 20.76 14.68 10.38 9.28 6.57 4.64 3.28 2.94 2.32 1.90 1.64 1.47 1.20 1.04 .93 .66 .54 .47 .42 .39 .34 .31 .28 .26 .25 .22  34.19 21.62 15.29 10.81 9.67 6.84 4.84 3.42 3.06 2.42 1.98 1.71 1.53 1.25 1.09 .97 .69 .57 .50 .45 .41 .36 .32 .30 .28 .26 .24  *  8.99 5.69 4.02 2.84 2.54 1.80 1.27 .90 .80 .64 .52 .45 .40 .33 .28 .25 .18 .15 .13 .11 .10 .09 .08 .07 .07 .06 .06  12.61 7.97 5.64 3.99 3.57 2.52 1.78 1.26 1.13 .89 .73 .63 .56 .46 .40 .36 .25 .21 .18 .16 .15 .13 .11 .10 .10 .09 .08  17.51 11.07 7.83 5.54 4.95 3.50 2.48 1.75 1.57 1.24 1.01 .88 .78 .64 .55 .50 .35 .29 .25 .22 .20 .18 .16 .14 .13 .12 .11  21.04 13.31 9.41 6.65 5.95 4.21 2.98 2.10 1.88 1.49 1.21 1.05 .94 .77 .67 .60 .42 .34 .30 .27 .24 .21 .19 .17 .16 .15 .14  142  23.82 15.06 10.65 7.53 6.74 4.76 3.37 2.38 2.13 1.68 1.38 1.19 1.07 .87 .75 .67 .48 .39 .34 .30 .28 .24 .22 .20 .18 .17 .15  Table B-8. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by Census region and division—Continued Census region and division and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 3: West Region and Pacific Division 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2.500 ................................................. 5.000 ................................................. 7.500 ................................................. 10,000 ............................................... 12,500 ............................................... 15,000 ............................................... 20,000 ............................................... 25,000 ............................................... 30,000 ...............................................  8.64 5.47 3.87 2.73 2.45 1.73 1.22 .86 .77 .61 .50 .43 .39 .32 .27 .24 .17 .14 .12 .11 .10 .09 .08 .07  12.12 7.67 5.42 3.83 3.43 2.42 1.71 1.21 1.08 .86 .70 .61 .54 .44 .38 .34 .24 .20 .17 .15 .14 .12 .11 .10  16.84 10.65 7.53 5.33 4.76 3.37 2.38 1.68 1.51 1.19 .97 .84 .75 .62 .53 .48 .34 .28 .24 .21 .20 .17 .15 .14  20.25 12.81 9.06 6.40 5.73 4.05 2.86 2.03 1.81 1.43 1.17 1.01 .91 .74 .64 .57 .41 .33 .29 .26 .24 .20 .18 .17  22.94 14.51 10.26 7.26 6.49 4.59 3.25 2.29 2.05 1.62 1.33 1.15 1.03 .84 .73 .65 .46 .38 .33 .29 .27 .23 .21 .19  25.15 15.91 11.25 7.95 7.11 5.03 3.56 2.52 2.25 1.78 1.45 1.26 1.13 .92 .80 .71 .51 .41 .36 .32 .30 .26 .23 .21  29.21 18.48 13.06 9.24 8.26 5.84 4.13 2.92 2.61 2.07 1.69 1.46 1.31 1.07 .93 .83 .59 .48 .42 .38 .35 .30 .27 .25  31.79 20.10 14.22 10.05 8.99 6.36 4.50 3.18 2.84 2.25 1.84 1.59 1.43 1.17 1.01 .91 .64 .53 .46 .42 .38 .33 .30 .28  33.22 21.01 14.86 10.51 9.40 6.65 4.70 3.32 2.97 2.35 1.92 1.67 1.49 1.22 1.06 .95 .68 .56 .49 .44 .41 .36 .32 .30  7.08 4.48 3.17 2.24 2.00 1.42 1.00 .71 .63 .50 .41 .35 .32 .26 .22 .20 .14 .12  9.91 6.27 4.43 3.13 2.80 1.98 1.40 .99 .89 .70 .57 .50 .44 .36 .31 .28 .20 .16  13.69 8.66 6.12 4.33 3.87 2.74 1.94 1.37 1.23 .97 .79 .69 .61 .50 .44 .39 .28 .23  16.36 10.35 7.32 5.17 4.63 3.27 2.32 1.64 1.47 1.16 .95 .82 .73 .60 .52 .47 .33 .28  18.42 11.65 8.24 5.82 5.21 3.68 2.61 1.84 1.65 1.31 1.07 .93 .83 .68 .59 .53 .38 .31  20.04 12.68 8.96 6.34 5.67 4.01 2.84 2.01 1.80 1.42 1.16 1.01 .90 .74 .64 .58 .42 .35  22.78 14.41 10.19 7.21 6.45 4.56 3.23 2.28 2.04 1.62 1.33 1.15 1.03 .85 .74 .67 .48 .41  24.09 15.24 10.78 7.62 6.82 4.82 3.41 2.42 2.17 1.72 1.41 1.22 1.10 .91 .79 .72 .53 .45  24.22 15.32 10.83 7.66 6.85 4.85 3.44 2.44 2.18 1.73 1.43 1.24 1.12 .93 .81 .74 .56 .48  Part 4: New England and Mountain Divisions 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 .......•............................................. 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7,500 .................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _____ ___  143  Table B-9. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by Census region and division Census region and division and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  6.78 4.29 3.03 2.15 1.92 1.36 .96 .68 .61 .48  9.57 6.05 4.28 3.03 2.71 1.91 1.35 .96 .86 .68  13.46 8.51 6.02 4.26 3.81 2.69 1.90 1.35 1.20 .95  16.40 10.37 7.33 5.18 4.64 3.28 2.32 1.64 1.47 1.16  18.83 11.91 8.42 5.95 5.33 3.77 2.66 1.88 1.68 1.33  20.94 13.24 9.36 6.62 5.92 4.19 2.96 2.09 1.87 1.48  9.23 5.84 4.13 2.92 2.61 1.85 1.31 .92 .83 .65 .53 .46 .41 .34 .29 .26 .18 .15  12.99 8.21 5.81 4.11 3.67 2.60 1.84 1.30 1.16 .92 .75 .65 .58 .47 .41 .37 .26 .21  18.17 11.49 8.12 5.74 5.14 3.63 2.57 1.82 1.62 1.28 1.05 .91 .81 .66 .57 .51 .36 .30  22.00 13.91 9.84 6.96 6.22 4.40 3.11 2.20 1.97 1.56 1.27 1.10 .98 .80 .70 .62 .44 .36  25.12 15.88 11.23 7.94 7.10 5.02 3.55 2.51 2.25 1.78 1.45 1.26 1.12 .92 .79 .71 .50 .41  9.64 6.10 4.31 3.05 2.73 1.93 1.36 .96 .86 .68 .56 .48 .43 .35 .30  13.57 8.59 6.07 4.29 3.84 2.71 1.92 1.36 1.21 .96 .78 .68 .61 .50 .43  19.03 12.04 8.51 6.02 5.38 3.81 2.69 1.90 1.70 1.35 1.10 .95 .85 .69 .60  23.11 14.62 10.34 7.31 6.54 4.62 3.27 2.31 2.07 1.63 1.33 1.16 1.03 .84 .73  9.33 5.90 4.17 2.95 2.64 1.87 1.32 .93 .83 .66 .54 .47 .42 .34  13.16 8.32 5.88 4.16 3.72 2.63 1.86 1.32 1.18 .93 .76 .66 .59 .48  18.51 11.71 8.28 5.85 5.23 3.70 2.62 1.85 1.66 1.31 1.07 .93 .83 .68  22.54 14.26 10.08 7.13 6.38 4.51 3.19 2.25 2.02 1.59 1.30 1.13 1.01 .82  15  20  25  25.28 15.99 11.31 7.99 7.15 5.06 3.57 2.53 2.26 1.79  28.77 18.20 12.87 9.10 8.14 5.75 4.07 2.87 2.57 2.03  31.69 20.05 14.17 10.02 8.96 6.34 4.48 3.17 2.83 2.24  27.75 17.55 12.41 8.78 7.85 5.55 3.92 2.78 2.48 1.96 1.60 1.39 1.24 1.01 .88 .79 .56 .45  32.97 20.85 14.74 10.42 9.32 6.59 4.66 3.30 2.95 2.33 1.90 1.65 1.47 1.20 1.04 .93 .66 .54  36.85 23.30 16.48 11.65 10.42 7.37 5.21 3.68 3.30 2.61 2.13 1.84 1.65 1.35 1.17 1.04 .74 .60  39.79 25.16 17.79 12.58 11.25 7.96 5.63 3.98 3.56 2.81 2.30 1.99 1.78 1.45 1.26 1.13 .80 .65  26.45 16.73 11.83 8.37 7.48 5.29 3.74 2.65 2.37 1.87 1.53 1.32 1.18 .97 .84  29.31 18.54 13.11 9.27 8.29 5.86 4.15 2.93 2.62 2.07 1.69 1.47 1.31 1.07 .93  35.08 22.18 15.69 11.09 9.92 7.02 4.96 3.51 3.14 2.48 2.02 1.75 1.57 1.28 1.11  39.53 25.00 17.68 12.50 11.18 7.91 5.59 3.95 3.53 2.79 2.28 1.97 1.77 1.44 1.25  43.08 27.25 19.27 13.62 12.19 8.62 6.09 4.31 3.85 3.04 2.49 2.15 1.92 1.57 1.36  25.89 16.37 11.58 8.19 7.32 5.18 3.66 2.59 2.32 1.83 1.49 1.29 1.16 .94  28.78 18.20 12.87 9.10 8.14 5.76 4.07 2.88 2.57 2.03 1.66 1.44 1.29 1.05  34.75 21.98 15.54 10.99 9.83 6.95 4.91 3.47 3.11 2.46 2.00 1.74 1.55 1.27  39.55 25.01 17.69 12.51 11.19 7.91 5.59 3.95 3.54 2.79 2.28 1.97 1.77 1.44  43.56 27.55 19.48 13.77 12.32 8.71 6.16 4.35 3.89 3.08 2.51 2.17 1.94 1.58  Part 1: New England and Mountain Divisions 2........................................................ 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ..................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... Part 2: Northeast, Midwest, and South Regions, and Middle Atlantic, East North Central, West North Central, and South Atlantic Divisions 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 ................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7,500 ................................................. Part 3: East South Central and West South Central Divisions 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. Part 4: West Region and Pacific Division 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ............................................ 25 ......................... 50 ....................................... 100 .................. 200 ....................................... 250 .................................... 400 ................................... 600 ...................................... 800 ............................ 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 .................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  144  Table B-10. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin by Census region and division Census region and division and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 1: Northeast, Midwest, and South Regions, and Middle Atlantic, East North Central, West North Central, South Atlantic, and East South Central Divisions 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 .................................................  9.11 5.76 4.08 2.88 2.58 1.82 1.29 .91 .82 .64 .53 .46 .41 .33 .29 .26 .18  12.78 8.08 5.71 4.04 3.61 2.56 1.81 1.28 1.14 .90 .74 .64 .57 .47 .40 .36 .26  17.74 11.22 7.93 5.61 5.02 3.55 2.51 1.77 1.59 1.25 1.02 .89 .79 .65 .56 .50 .36  21.32 13.48 9.53 6.74 6.03 4.26 3.02 2.13 1.91 1.51 1.23 1.07 .95 .78 .67 .60 .43  24.14 15.27 10.79 7.63 6.83 4.83 3.41 2.41 2.16 1.71 1.39 1.21 1.08 .88 .76 .68 .48  26.44 16.72 11.82 8.36 7.48 5.29 3.74 2.64 2.37 1.87 1.53 1.32 1.18 .97 .84 .75 .53  30.64 19.38 13.70 9.69 8.67 6.13 4.33 3.06 2.74 2.17 1.77 1.53 1.37 1.12 .97 .87 .62  33.24 21.02 14.87 10.51 9.40 6.65 4.70 3.33 2.97 2.35 1.92 1.66 1.49 1.22 1.05 .94 .67  34.61 21.89 15.48 10.95 9.79 6.92 4.90 3.46 3.10 2.45 2.00 1.73 1.55 1.27 1.10 .99 .70  9.45 5.98 4.22 2.99 2.67 1.89 1.34 .94 .85 .67 .55 .47 .42 .35 .30  13.24 8.37 5.92 4.19 3.74 2.65 1.87 1.32 1.18 .94 .76 .66 .59 .48 .42  18.37 11.62 8.22 5.81 5.20 3.67 2.60 1.84 1.64 1.30 1.06 .92 .82 .67 .58  22.06 13.95 9.87 6.98 6.24 4.41 3.12 2.21 1.97 1.56 1.27 1.10 .99 .81 .70  24.96 15.79 11.16 7.89 7.06 4.99 3.53 2.50 2.23 1.77 1.44 1.25 1.12 .91 .79  27.32 17.28 12.22 8.64 7.73 5.46 3.86 2.73 2.44 1.93 1.58 1.37 1.22 1.00 .87  31.58 19.97 14.12 9.99 8.93 6.32 4.47 3.16 2.83 2.24 1.83 1.58 1.42 1.16 1.01  34.16 21.61 15.28 10.80 9.66 6.83 4.83 3.42 3.06 2.42 1.98 1.72 1.54 1.26 1.09  35.43 22.41 15.85 11.21 10.02 7.09 5.02 3.55 3.18 2.51 2.06 1.78 1.60 1.31 1.14  7.61 4.81 3.40 2.41 2.15 1.52 1.08 .76 .68 .54 .44 .38 .34  10.65 6.74 4.76 3.37 3.01 2.13 1.51 1.07 .95 .75 .62 .53 .48  14.76 9.33 6.60 4.67 4.17 2.95 2.09 1.48 1.32 1.04 .85 .74 .66  17.70 11.19 7.91 5.60 5.01 3.54 2.50 1.77 1.58 1.25 1.02 .89 .79  19.98 12.64 8.94 6.32 5.65 4.00 2.83 2.00 1.79 1.42 1.16 1.00 .90  21.83 13.80 9.76 6.90 6.17 4.37 3.09 2.19 1.96 1.55 1.26 1.10 .98  25.09 15.87 11.22 7.93 7.10 5.02 3.55 2.51 2.25 1.78 1.46 1.26 1.13  26.93 17.04 12.05 8.52 7.62 5.39 3.81 2.70 2.42 1.92 1.57 1.36 1.22  27.65 17.49 12.37 8.75 7.83 5.54 3.92 2.78 2.49 1.97 1.62 1.41 1.26  9.64 6.10 4.31 3.05 2.73 1.93 1.36 .96 .86 .68 .56 .48 .43 .35 .30 .27 .19  13.57 8.58 6.07 4.29 3.84 2.71 1.92 1.36 1.21 .96 .78 .68 .61 .50 .43 .38 .27  19.00 12.02 8.50 6.01 5.37 3.80 2.69 1.90 1.70 1.34 1.10 .95 .85 .69 .60 .54 .38  23.04 14.57 10.31 7.29 6.52 4.61 3.26 2.30 2.06 1.63 1.33 1.15 1.03 .84 .73 .65 .46  26.34 16.66 11.78 8.33 7.45 5.27 3.73 2.63 2.36 1.86 1.52 1.32 1.18 .96 .83 .74 .53  29.15 18.44 13.04 9.22 8.25 5.83 4.12 2.92 2.61 2.06 1.68 1.46 1.30 1.06 .92 .82 .58  34.76 21.99 15.55 10.99 9.83 6.95 4.92 3.48 3.11 2.46 2.01 1.74 1.55 1.27 1.10 .98 .69  39.03 24.68 17.45 12.34 11.04 7.81 5.52 3.90 3.49 2.76 2.25 1.95 1.74 1.42 1.23 1.10 .78  42.35 26.79 18.94 13.39 11.98 8.47 5.99 4.23 3.79 2.99 2.44 2.12 1.89 1.55 1.34 1.20 .85  Part 2: West South Central Division 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. Part 3: New England and Mountain Divisions 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. Part 4: West Region and Pacific Division  10 .................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 ............................................ :....... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 .................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  145  Table B-11. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons by Census region and division Census region and division and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 50  2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  11.09 7.01 4.96 3.51 3.14 2.22 1.57 1.11 .99 .78 .64 .55 .50 .40 .35 .31 .22 .18 .16 .14 .13 .11 .10 .09 .08 .08  17.26 10.91 7.72 5.46 4.88 3.45 2.44 1.73 1.54 1.22 1.00 .86 .77 .63 .55 .49 .35 .28 .24 .22 .20 .17 .15 .14 .13 .12  31.67 20.03 14.16 10.02 8.96 6.33 4.48 3.17 2.83 2.24 1.83 1.58 1.42 1.16 1.00 .90 .63 .52 .45 .40 .37 .32 .28 .26 .24 .22  36.29 22.95 16.23 11.47 10.26 7.26 5.13 3.63 3.25 2.57 2.09 1.81 1.62 1.32 1.15 1.03 .73 .59 .51 .46 .42 .36 .32 .30 .27 .26  38.79 24.53 17.35 12.27 10.97 7.76 5.49 3.88 3.47 2.74 2.24 1.94 1.73 1.42 1.23 1.10 .78 .63 .55 .49 .45 .39 .35 .32 .29 .27  39.59 25.04 17.71 12.52 11.20 7.92 5.60 3.96 3.54 2.80 2.29 1.98 1.77 1.45 1.25 1.12 .79 .65 .56 .50 .46 .40 .35 .32 .30 .28  9.93 6.28 4.44 3.14 2.81 1.99 1.40 .99 .89 .70 .57 .50 .44 .36 .31 .28 .20 .16 .14 .13  15.46 9.78 6.91 4.89 4.37 3.09 2.19 1.55 1.38 1.09 .89 .77 .69 .56 .49 .44 .31 .25 .22 .20  28.37 17.94 12.69 8.97 8.02 5.67 4.01 2.84 2.54 2.01 1.64 1.42 1.27 1.04 .90 .80 .57 .46 .40 .36  32.50 20.55 14.53 10.28 9.19 6.50 4.60 3.25 2.91 2.30 1.88 1.62 1.45 1.19 1.03 .92 .65 .53 .46 .41  34.74 21.97 15.54 10.99 9.83 6.95 4.91 3.47 3.11 2.46 2.01 1.74 1.55 1.27 1.10 .98 .69 .57 .49 .44  35.46 22.43 15.86 11.21 10.03 7.09 5.01 3.55 3.17 2.51 2.05 1.77 1.59 1.29 1.12 1.00 .71 .58 .50 .45  14.03 8.87 6.27 4.44 3.97 2.81 1.98 1.40 1.25 .99 .81 .70 .63 .51 .44 .40 .28 .23 .20 .18 .16 .14 .13 .11 .11 .10 .09  21.84 13.81 9.77 6.91 6.18 4.37 3.09 2.18 1.95 1.54 1.26 1.09 .98 .80 .69 .62 .44 .36 .31 .28 .25 .22 .20 .18 .17 .15 .14  40.08 25.35 17.92 12.67 11.34 8.02 5.67 4.01 3.58 2.83 2.31 2.00 1.79 1.46 1.27 1.13 .80 .65 .57 .51 .46 .40 .36 .33 .30 .28 .25  45.92 29.04 20.53 14.52 12.99 9.18 6.49 4.59 4.11 3.25 2.65 2.30 2.05 1.68 1.45 1.30 .92 .75 .65 .58 .53 .46 .41 .37 .35 .32 .29  49.09 31.05 21.95 15.52 13.88 9.82 6.94 4.91 4.39 3.47 2.83 2.45 2.20 1.79 1.55 1.39 .98 .80 .69 .62 .57 .49 .44 .40 .37 .35 .31  50.10 31.69 22.40 15.84 14.17 10.02 7.09 5.01 4.48 3.54 2.89 2.50 2.24 1.83 1.58 1.42 1.00 .82 .71 .63 .58 .50 .45 .41 .38 .35 .32  Part 1: Northeast Region and Middle Atlantic Division 2 .............................................................................................. 5 .............................................................................................. 10 ........................................................................................... 20 ........................................................................................... 25 ............................................................................................ 50 ............................................................................................ 100 .......................................................................................... 200 ......................................................................................... 250 .......................................................................................... 400 ........................................................................................ 600 .......................................................................................... 800 .......................................................................................... 1.000 ...................................................................................... 1,500 ..................................................................................... 2.000 ...................................................................................... 2.500 ...................................................................................... 5.000 ..................................................................................... 7.500 ....................................................................................... 10.000 .................................................................................... 12,500 ..................................................................................... 15,000 ..................................................................................... 20.000 ..................................................................................... 25.000 ..................................................................................... 30,000 ..................................................................................... 35,000 ..................................................................................... 40,000 ..................................................................................... Part 2: New England Division 2 ............................................................................................. 10 ........................................................................................... 20 ........................................................................................... 25 ........................................................................................... 50 ........................................................................................... 100 ........................................................................................ 200 ........................................................................................ 250 ......................................................................................... 400 ......................................................................................... 600 ........................................................................................ 800 ........................................................................................ 1,000 ...................................................................................... 1.500 ...................................................................................... 2.000 ..................................................................................... 2,500 ...................................................................................... 5,000 ..................................................................................... 7,500 ...................................................................................... 10,000 .................................................................................... 12,500.................................................................................... Part 3: Midwest Region and East North Central, West North Central, and Mountain Divisions 2 ............................................................................................ 5 ............................................................................................ 10 ........................................................................................... 20 ........................................................................................... 25 ........................................................................................... 50 ........................................................................................... 100 ......................................................................................... 200 ......................................................................................... 250 ........................................................................................ 400 ........................................................................................ 600 ........................................................................................ 800 .......................................... 1,000 ..................................................................................... 1,500 ..................................................................................... 2,000 ..................................................................................... 2,500 ...................................................................................... 5.000 .................................................................. 7,500 .................................................................................... 10,000 .................................................................................... 12,500 ................................................................................. 15,000 .................................................................................... 20.000 .................................................................................... 25.000 .................................................................................. 30.000 ................................................................................... 35.000 .................................................................................... 40,000 .................................................................................... 50,000 ...................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  146  Table B-11. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons by Census region and division—Continued Census region and division and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  100 ....................................................................... 200 .......................................................... 250 ......................................................................... 400 .................................................................... 600 ...................................... 800 .................................................. 1,000 ............................................................... 1.500 ........................................................................................ 2,000 .......................................................................... 2,500 ...................................................................... 5,000 ........................................................................................... 7,500 ........................................................................................... 10,000.......................................................................................... 12,500 ......................................................................................... 15,000 ........................................................................................ 20,000 .......................................................................................... 25,000 .......................................................................................... 30,000 ........................................................................ 35,000 ................................................. 40,000 ............................... 50,000 .................................................... 60,000 ................................................. 70,000 ............................................................  40 or 60  54.63 34.55 24.43 17.28 15.45 10.93 7.73 5.46 4.89 3.86 3.15 2.73 2.44 1.99 1.73 1.55 1.09 .89 .77 .69 .63 .55 .49 .45 .41 .39 .35 .32 .29  58.40 36.94 26.12 18.47 16.52 11.68 8.26 5.84 5.22 4.13 3.37 2.92 2.61 2.13 1.85 1.65 1.17 .95 .83 .74 .67 .58 .52 .48 .44 .41 .37 .34 .31  I  Part 4: South Region and South Atlantic and East South Central Divisions 2 ......................................................................................... 5 ............................................... 10 .................................................................................. 20 .......................................................................................... 25 ...................................................................................  30 or 70  16.69 10.56 7.46 5.28 4.72 3.34 2.36 1.67 1.49 1.18 .96 83 .75 .61 .53 .47 .33 .27 .24 .21 .19 17 .15 .14 .13 .12 .11 .10 .09  25.98 16.43 11.62 8.22 7.35 5.20 3.67 2.60 2.32 1.84 1.50 1.30 1.16 .95 .82 .73 .52 .42 .37 .33 .30 .26 .23 .21 .20 .18 .16 .15 .14  47.69 30.16 21.33 15.08 13.49 9.54 6.74 4.77 4.27 3.37 2.75 2.38 2.13 1.74 1.51 1.35 .95 .78 .67 .60 .55 .48 .43 .39 .36 .34 .30 .28 .25  i 50 i-------------------------  59.61 37.70 26.66 18.85 16.86 11.92 8.43 5.96 5.33 4.21 3.44 2.98 2.67 2.18 1.88 1.69 1.19 .97 .84 .75 .69 .60 .53 .49 .45 .42 .38 .34 .32  Part 5: West Region and West South Central and Pacific Divisions 2 ....................................................... 10 ................................................................. 20 ........................................................................... 25 ................................................. 50 ........................................ ...... 100 .............................................................................................. 200 ............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 .............................................................................................. 800 ............................................................................................. 1,000 ........................................................................................... 1,500 ........................................................................................... 2.000 ........................................................................................... 2,500 ............................................................. 5,000 ........................................ 7,500 .................................................................... 10,000 ..................................... 12,500 ................................................ 15,000 ......................................... 20,000 .................................. 25,000 ..................................................... 30,000 .................................... 35,000 ...................................................... 40,000....................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  15.80 9.99 7.07 5.00 4.47 3.16 2.23 1.58 1.41 1.12 .91 .79 .71 .58 .50 .45 .32 .26 .22 .20 .18 .16 .14 .13 .12 .11  24.60 15.56 11.00 7.78 6.96 4.92 3.48 2.46 2.20 1.74 1.42 1.23 1.10 .90 .78 .70 .49 .40 .35 .31 .28 .25 .22 .20 .19 .17  147  45.15 28.56 20.19 14.28 12.77 9.03 6.39 4.51 4.04 3.19 2.61 2.26 2.02 1.65 1.43 1.28 .90 .74 .64 .57 .52 .45 .40 .37 .34 .32  51.73 32.71 23.13 16.36 14.63 10.35 7.32 5.17 4.63 3.66 2.99 2.59 2.31 1.89 1.64 1.46 1.03 .84 .73 .65 .60 .52 .46 .42 .39 .37  55.30 34.97 24.73 17.49 15.64 11.06 7.82 5.53 4.95 3.91 3.19 2.76 2.47 2.02 1.75 1.56 1.11 .90 .78 .70 .64 .55 .49 .45 .42 .39  56.44 35.69 25.24 17.85 15.96 11.29 7.98 5.64 5.05 3.99 3.26 2.82 2.52 2.06 1.78 1.60 1.13 .92 .80 .71 .65 .56 .50 .46 .43 .40  Table B-12. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by Census region and division Census region and division and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 30 or 70  40 or 60  50  2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  9.30 5.88 4.16 2.94 2.63 1.86 1.32 .93 .83 .66 .54 .47 .42 .34 .29 .26 .19  14.48 9.16 6.48 4.58 4.10 2.90 2.05 1.45 1.30 1.02 .84 .72 .65 .53 .46 .41 .29  26.58 16.81 11.88 8.40 7.52 5.32 3.76 2.66 2.38 1.88 1.53 1.33 1.19 .97 .84 .75 .53  30.45 19.26 13.62 9.63 8.61 6.09 4.31 3.04 2.72 2.15 1.76 1.52 1.36 1.11 .96 .86 .61  32.55 20.59 14.56 10.29 9.21 6.51 4.60 3.25 2.91 2.30 1.88 1.63 1.46 1.19 1.03 .92 .65  33.22 21.01 14.86 10.50 9.40 6.64 4.70 3.32 2.97 2.35 1.92 1.66 1.49 1.21 1.05 .94 .66  9.17 5.80 4.10 2.90 2.59 1.83 1.30 .92 .82 .65 .53 .46 .41 .33 .29 .26 .18  14.27 9.03 6.38 4.51 4.04 2.85 2.02 1.43 1.28 1.01 .82 .71 .64 .52 .45 .40 .29  26.20 16.57 11.72 8.28 7.41 5.24 3.70 2.62 2.34 1.85 1.51 1.31 1.17 .96 .83 .74 .52  30.01 18.98 13.42 9.49 8.49 6.00 4.24 3.00 2.68 2.12 1.73 1.50 1.34 1.10 .95 .85 .60  32.09 20.29 14.35 10.15 9.08 6.42 4.54 3.21 2.87 2.27 1.85 1.60 1.43 1.17 1.01 .91 .64  32.75 20.71 14.64 10.36 9.26 6.55 4.63 3.27 2.93 2.32 1.89 1.64 1.46 1.20 1.04 .93 .65  13.38 8.46 5.98 4.23 3.78 2.68 1.89 1.34 1.20 .95 .77 .67 .60 .49 .42 .38 .27 .22 .19 .17  20.83 13.17 9.31 6.59 5.89 4.17 2.95 2.08 1.86 1.47 1.20 1.04 .93 .76 .66 .59 .42 .34 .29  38.23 24.18 17.10 12.09 10.81 7.65 5.41 3.82 3.42 2.70 2.21 1.91 1.71 1.40 1.21 1.08 .76 .62 .54 .48  43.79 27.70 19.58 13.85 12.39 8.76 6.19 4.38 3.92 3.10 2.53 2.19 1.96 1.60 1.38 1.24 .88 .72 .62 .55  46.82 29.61 20.94 14.80 13.24 9.36 6.62 4.68 4.19 3.31 2.70 2.34 2.09 1.71 1.48 1.32 .94 .76 .66 .59  47.78 30.22 21.37 15.11 13.51 9.56 6.76 4.78 4.27 3.38 2.76 2.39 2.14 1.74 1.51 1.35 .96 .78 .68 .60  Part 1: Midwest Region and West North Central Division  200 .............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 .............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1.000 ........................................................................................... 1.500 ......................................................................................... 2.000 ......................................................................................... 2,500 ........................................................................................... 5,000 ........................................................................................... Part 2: Northeast Region and Middle Atlantic and East North Central Divisions  10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ............................................................................................... 100 .............................................................................................. 200 ............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................. 400 ............................................................................................. 600 ............................................................................................. 800 ............................................................................................. 1.000 .......................................................................................... 1,500 ........................................................................................... 2,000 ........................................................................................... 2,500 ........................................................................................... 5,000 ........................................................................................... Part 3: South Region and South Atlantic and West South Central Divisions 5 .................................................................................................. 20 ............................................................................................... 25 ................................................................................................ 100.............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 ............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1.000 . . .................................................................... 1,500 ........................................................................................... 2,000 ........................................................................................... 2,500 ........................................................................................... 5,000 ........................................................................................... 7,500 .......................................................................................... 10,000 ........................................................................................ 12,500 ........................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  26  148  Table B-12. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by Census region and division—Continued Census region and division and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  50  14.41 9.11 6.44 4.56 4.08 2.88 2.04 1.44 1.29 1.02 .83 .72 .64 .53 .46 .41  22.43 14.19 10.03 7.09 6.34 4.49 3.17 2.24 2.01 1.59 1.30 1.12 1.00 .82 .71 .63  41.17 26.04 18.41 13.02 11.64 8.23 5.82 4.12 3.68 2.91 2.38 2.06 1.84 1.50 1.30 1.16  47.16 29.83 21.09 14.91 13.34 9.43 6.67 4.72 4.22 3.34 2.72 2.36 2.11 1.72 1.49 1.33  50.42 31.89 22.55 15.94 14.26 10.08 7.13 5.04 4.51 3.57 2.91 2.52 2.25 1.84 1.59 1.43  51.46 32.55 23.01 16.27 14.56 10.29 7.28 5.15 4.60 3.64 2.97 2.57 2.30 1.88 1.63 1.46  7.40 4.68 3.31 2.34 2.09 1.48 1.05 .74 .66 .52  11.52 7.28 5.15 3.64 3.26 2.30 1.63 1.15 1.03 .81  21.14 13.37 9.45 6.69 5.98 4.23 2.99 2.11 1.89 1.49  24.22 15.32 10.83 7.66 6.85 4.84 3.43 2.42 2.17 1.71  25.89 16.38 11.58 8.19 7.32 5.18 3.66 2.59 2.32 1.83  26.43 16.71 11.82 8.36 7.47 5.29 3.74 2.64 2.36 1.87  9.54 6.03 4.27 3.02 2.70 1.91 1.35 .95 .85 .67 .55 .48 .43 .35  14.85 9.39 6.64 4.70 4.20 2.97 2.10 1.49 1.33 1.05 .86 .74 .66 .54  27.26 17.24 12.19 8.62 7.71 5.45 3.86 2.73 2.44 1.93 1.57 1.36 1.22 1.00  31.23 19.75 13.97 9.88 8.83 6.25 4.42 3.12 2.79 2.21 1.80 1.56 1.40 1.14  33.39 21.12 14.93 10.56 9.44 6.68 4.72 3.34 2.99 2.36 1.93 1.67 1.49 1.22  34.08 21.55 15.24 10.78 9.64 6.82 4.82 3.41 3.05 2.41 1.97 1.70 1.52 1.24  Part 4: East South Central Division 2 ... 5 ..... 10 20  .... ....  25 .... 50 .... 100 200  ..  250 400 600 800  .. .. ... ...  ..  1,000  1.500 2,000  2.500 Part 5: New England and Mountain Divisions 2  ...  5 ... 10 . 20 .  25 . 50 . 100 200  250 400 Part 6: West Region and Pacific Division 2 ... 5 ..... 10 20  .... ....  25 .... 50 100 200  ..  250 400 600 800 .. 1,000  1,500   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  149  Table B-13. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin by Census region and division Census region and division and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 50  2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  887 5.61 396 280 2.51 1.77 1.25 .89 .79 .63 .51 .44 .40 .32 .28 .25  13.80 8.73 6.17 4.36 3.90 2.76 1.95 1.38 1.23 .98 .80 .69 .62 .50 .44 .39  25.33 16.02 11.33 8.01 7.16 5.07 3.58 2.53 2.27 1.79 1.46 1.27 1.13 .92 .80 .72  29.02 18.35 12.98 9.18 8.21 5.80 4.10 2.90 2.60 2.05 1.68 1.45 1.30 1.06 .92 .82  31.02 19.62 13.87 9.81 8.77 6.20 4.39 3.10 2.77 2.19 1.79 1.55 1.39 1.13 .98 .88  31.66 20.03 14.16 10.01 8.96 6.33 4.48 3.17 2.83 2.24 1.83 1.58 1.42 1.16 1.00 .90  8.11 5.13 3.63 2.56 2.29 1.62 1.15 .81 .73 .57  12.62 7.98 5.64 3.99 3.57 2.52 1.78 1.26 1.13 .89  23.16 14.65 10.36 7.32 6.55 4.63 3.28 2.32 2.07 1.64  26.53 16.78 11.87 8.39 7.50 5.31 3.75 2.65 2.37 1.88  28.36 17.94 12.69 8.97 8.02 5.67 4.01 2.84 2.54 2.01  28.95 18.31 12.95 9.15 8.19 5.79 4.09 2.89 2.59 2.05  12.94 8.18 5.79 4.09 3.66 2.59 1.83 1.29  20.15 12.74 9.01 6.37 5.70 4.03 2.85 2.01  36.97 23.39 16.54 11.69 10.46 7.39 5.23 3.70  42.36 26.79 18.94 13.40 11.98 8.47 5.99 4.24  45.28 28.64 20.25 14.32 12.81 9.06 6.40 4.53  46.22 29.23 20.67 14.62 13.07 9.24 6.54 4.62  11.04 6.98 4.94 3.49 3.12 2.21 1.56 1.10 99 .78 64 .55 49 .40  17.18 10.87 7.68 5.43 4.86 3.44 2.43 1.72 1.54 1.21 .99 .86 .77 .63  31.53 19.94 14.10 9.97 8.92 6.31 4.46 3.15 2.82 2.23 1.82 1.58 1.41 1.15  36.12 22.85 16.15 11.42 10.22 7.22 5.11 3.61 3.23 2.55 2.09 1.81 1.62 1.32  38.62 24.42 17.27 12.21 10.92 7.72 5.46 3.86 3.45 2.73 2.23 1.93 1.73 1.41  39.41 24.93 17.63 12.46 11.15 7.88 5.57 3.94 3.53 2.79 2.28 1.97 1.76 1.44  Part 1: Northeast Region and Middle Atlantic, East North Central, and East South Central Divisions 2 .... 5 ...... 10  ....  20  ...  25 .... 50 .... 100 200  ...  250 400 600 800  ... ... ... ...  1,000  1.500 2,000  2.500 Part 2: New England Division 2  ....  5 .... 10  .  20  .  25 .. 50 . 100 200  250 400 Part 3: West North Central Division 2  ....  5 .... 10  ..  20  .  25 . 50 . 100 200  Part 4: Midwest Region and South Atlantic Division 2 .... 5 ....... 10  20  ... ...  25 ..... 50 ..... 100 200  ....  250 400 600 800  .... .... .... ..  ....  1,000  .  1,500   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  150  Table B-13. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin by Census region and division—Continued Census region and division and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 40 or 60  Part 5: South Region and West South Central Division 2 ... 5 ..... 10 .... 20  ....  25 .... 50 .... 100 .. 200  .  250 .. 400 . 600 ... 800 ... 1.000 1.500 2,000  2.500 5,000  17.85 11.29 7.98 5.65 5.05 3.57 2.53 1.79 1.60 1.26 1.03 .89 .80 .65 .56 .51 .36  27.80 17.58 12.43 8.79 7.86 5.56 3.93 2.78 2.49 1.97 1.60 1.39 1.24  51.01 32.26 22.81 16.13 14.43  1.01 .88  1.86  13.48 8.52 6.03 4.26 3.81 2.70 1.91 1.35  20.98 13.27 9.38 6.63 5.93 4.20 2.97  .79 .56  10.20  7.21 5.10 4.56 3.61 2.95 2.55 2.28 1.61 1.44 1.02  58.44 36.96 26.14 18.48 16.53 11.69 8.27 5.84 5.23 4.13 3.37 2.92 2.61 2.13 1.85 1.65 1.17  62.48 39.51 27.94 19.76 17.67 12.50 8.84 6.25 5.59 4.42 3.61 3.12 2.79 2.28 1.98 1.77 1.25  63.77 40.33 28.52 20.16 18.04 12.75 9.02 6.38 5.70 4.51 3.68 3.19 2.85 2.33 2.02 1.80 1.28  44.12 27.90 19.73 13.95 12.48 8.82 6.24 4.41 3.95 3.12 2.55  47.16 29.83 21.09 14.91 13.34 9.43 6.67 4.72 4.22 3.33 2.72 2.36 2.11 1.72 1.49 1.33 .94 .77  48.14 30.44 21.53 15.22 13.61 9.63 6.81 4.81 4.31 3.40 2.78 2.41 2.15 1.76 1.52 1.36 .96 .79  Part 6: West Region and Mountain and Pacific Divisions 2 ... 5 ..... 10 20  .... ....  25 .... 50 .... 100 200  .. ..  250 .. 400 .. 600 .. 800 1,000  1.500 2,000  2.500 5,000 7.500   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1.21  1.88  .95 .78 .67 .60 .49 .43 .38 .27  1.48  38.51 24.35 17.22 12.18 10.89 7.70 5.45 3.85 3.44 2.72  1.21  2.22  1.05 .94 .77  1.93 1.72 1.41  .66  1.22  .59 .42 .34  1.09 .77 .63  .22  2.10  151  2.21  1.97 1.61 1.40 1.25 .88  .72  Table B-14. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons by State (In thousands) Estimated level State 5  2  South Dakota ...................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10  20  25  50  100  200  250  400  600  800  7  10 _  6 5 7 6 6  8 7 9 9 9 _ 8  14 12 10 13 12 12 11  19 18 15  -  _  21 17  26 21  32 -  36 -  16 12 16 11 10 13 13  23 16 22 18 18 -  _  _  _  18 -  23 -  -  _ -  _  _  _  _  _  11 14 19 21 -  16 -  20 -  -  “ -  2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2  3 1 3 2 3 3 3 1 1 2  4 2 4 3 4 4 4 2 2 3  6 2 5 5 6 6 6 2 2 5  2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 1  4 2 2 3 4 3 2 3 3 2  5 2 2 4 5 4 3 4 4 2  7 3 3 5 7 5 4 6 6 3  3 6 8 6 5 7 7 4  12 _ 5 8 11 8 7 9 9 5  2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1  3 2 2 3 2 3 1 2 2 2  5 3 3 4 3 5 2 3 2 2  7 4 5 6 5 7 3 4 3 3  7 4 5 7 5 8 3 4 4 4  10 6 7 10 7 11 6 5 -  14 8 10 14 10 15 -  1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1  2 2 2 2 1 2 3 3 3 2  3 2 3 3 2 3 4 4 4 2  4 3 5 4 2 5 5 5 5 3  4 4 5 4  6 5 7 6  9 10 8  _  -  -  5 6 6 6 3  7 8 8 8 -  11 11 12 11 -  2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1  3 1 3 3 2 1 3 3 2 3 1  4 2 5 4 3 2 5 5 3 5 2  5 2 7 6 4 2 7 6 4 7 2  6 7 7 4  8 10 9 6  12 15 13  _  -  8 7 4 8 _  _  _ 5 8 _  152  12 15 11 15 16 -  17 18 -  _  _  21 19  21  -  -  -  -  -  11 10 6 11  15 14 9 15  22 20 * 21  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  — 16 -  — 21 21 22 -  25 -  -  _  -  -  _ 26 -  -  -  -  -  32 -  “ -  -  -  Table B-15. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by State (In thousands)  Estimated level  State 2 Alabama................. Alaska .................... Arizona................... Arkansas ................ California................. Colorado................ Connecticut ............ Delaware................. District of Columbia Florida.....................  5  2  10  20  25  50  100  4 3 4 4 4  6  7 -  10  14  2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2  3 3 2 3 3 3 1 1 3  2  4  1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1  3 4 2 2 3 3 -  Maryland................. Massachusetts....... Michigan ................. Minnesota................ Mississippi .............. Missouri.................... Montana................... Nebraska ................. Nevada .................... New Hampshire......  2 1 1 2 2 2  4 2 2 3 2 3  1 1 1  2 -  New Jersey ............ New Mexico ......... New York................ North Carolina......... North Dakota ......... Ohio......................... Oklahoma................ Oregon..................... Pennsylvania ........... Rhode Island...........  1 1 2 1  2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 “  3  Georgia ................... Hawaii ........... ......... Idaho....................... Illinois...................... Indiana .................... Iowa......................... Kansas .................... Kentucky.............. Louisiana ................ Maine ......................  South Carolina......... South Dakota.......... Tennessee ................ Texas .......................: Utah........................... Vermont .................... Virginia............ ......... Washington .............. West Virginia............ Wisconsin ................. Wyoming...................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  2 2 2 2 2 2 2  3 3 3  .  _  _  _  5 6  5 7  7 10  _  _  _  _  13  6  -  -  -  -  _  _  2 4  3 5  _  _  _  6  8  12  16  5 4 5 3 4 5 -  7 5 7 -  8 6 8  12 -  16  _  _  _  8 11  12  _  _  -  _  _  6 7 -  8 -  11 -  7  8  11  -  _  _  5  7  5 3 3 4 3 5 -  5  -  ■  _  5 7 -  8 11  -  5 8 -  -  -  -  -  4  -  _  15 -  10 11 -  _  -  *  -  -  5  7  5 4  8 6  11  15  _  _  8  11  _ -  -  -  4 4  5 5  6  -  _  _  5 "  6 -  8 -  5  6  8  _  -  _  -  _  _  -  _  -  _ _  6 6 -  -  7 7 -  -  10 10 -  14 -  3 3 2  5 4  7 6  7  10  15  _  _  -  -  3  _  4  _  6  -  -  -  “  -  153  -_  _  -  __:_L  -  _  5 4  4  _  16  _  -  4  -  -  3 3  -  _  _  _  -  _  4 4 **  -  2 2 1 2 1  -  -  200  . _  _  _  19 -  _ -  Table B-16. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin by State (In thousands) Estimated level State 5  2  10  20  25  50  100  200  250  20 “  22 -  Alabama............................................ Alaska .............................................. Arizona.............................................. Arkansas........................................... California........................................... Colorado........................................... Connecticut ...................................... Delaware........................................... District of Columbia......................... Florida...............................................  2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2  _ 3 3 3 3 3  _ 4 4 4 4  _ 6 6 6 5  7 7 6  9 10 8  * 14 11  Georgia ............................................. Hawaii ............................................ Idaho................................................ Illinois ............................................... Indiana .............................................. Iowa.................................................. Kansas ............................................ Kentucky .......................................... Louisiana ........................................ Maine ................................................  2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1  1 3 4 -  4 -  5 -  6 "  “ 8 “  -  Maryland........................................... Massachusetts................................. Michigan ........................................... Minnesota......................................... Mississippi ........................................ Missouri............................................. Montana............................................ Nebraska .......................................... Nevada ............................................. New Hampshire ...............................  2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1  2 2 3 -  3 3 -  -  -  -  _ -  “ ~  -  New Jersey ...................................... New Mexico ..................................... New York.......................................... North Carolina.................................. North Dakota.................................... Ohio.................................................. Oklahoma ............ Oregon.............................................. Pennsylvania .................................... Rhode Island....................................  1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 1  2 2 2 2 3 3 3 -  3 3 3 4 4  4 4 5 "  4 5 “  8 -  11 -  ~  _  South Carolina ................................. South Dakota................................... Tennessee ........................................ Texas ................................................ Utah................................................... Vermont ............................................ Virginia .............................................. Washington ...................................... West Virginia.................................... Wisconsin ......................................... Wyoming...........................................  2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1  _  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3 2  4 -  6  -  -  4 -  “  “  10 “  14 -  20  -  7 -  “   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  “  -  154  -  -  “ “ -  -  “ -  ■  ** _ -  “  -  Table B-17. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons by State (In thousands)  state 2  5  10  20  25  50  100  200  250  400  600  800  Alabama............................................ Alaska ............................................... Arizona.............................................. Arkansas ........................................... California........................................... Colorado........................................... Connecticut ....................................... Delaware........................................... District of Columbia......................... Florida...............................................  2 1 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 2  4 2 4 3 4 4 3 1 1 3  5 2 6 4 5 5 4 2 2 5  7 3 8 6 7 7 6 3 3 7  8 4 9 7 8 8 7 3 3 7  11 5 12 9 11 11 10 4 4 10  15 7 17 13 16 16 13 5 5 15  22 7 24 18 22 22 19 7 6 21  24 7 27 19 25 24 21 7 6 23  29 33 23 31 30 25 6 4 29  35 38 27 38 35 29 35  38 42 28 44 38 32 40  Georgia ............................................. Hawaii ............................................... Idaho ................................................. Illinois................................................ Indiana.............................................. Iowa................................................... Kansas .............................................. Kentucky........................................... Louisiana .......................................... Maine ................................................  3 1 1 2 3 2 2 2 2 1  4* 2 2 3 4 3 3 3 4 2  6 3 3 4 6 4 4 5 6 3  9 4 4 6 8 5 6 6 8 4  10 4 4 6 9 6 6 7 9 4  14 6 6 9 13 8 9 10 12 6  20 8 8 12 18 12 12 14 17 8  28 11 10 18 25 16 17 20 24 11  31 12 11 20 28 18 19 22 27 11  38 13 12 25 35 22 23 27 33 13  46 11 9 30 42 25 26 32 39 12  52 34 47 27 27 35 43 9  Maryland........................................... Massachusetts.................................. Michigan ........................................... Minnesota......................................... Mississippi ........................................ Missouri............................................. Montana............................................ Nebraska .......................................... Nevada ............................................. New Hampshire ...............................  3 1 2 2 2 3 1 1 2 1  4 2 3 4 3 4 2 2 3 2  6 3 4 5 4 6 3 3 5 3  9 4 5 7 6 8 4 5 6 4  10 4 6 8 7 9 4 5 7 4  14 6 9 11 10 13 6 7 10 5  20 9 12 16 14 19 8 10 14 8  27 12 17 22 19 26 10 13 18 10  30 14 19 24 20 29 11 14 19 11  37 17 24 30 25 36 10 17 21 12  44 20 28 35 28 43 18 19 10  49 23 32 39 30 48 17 9 5  New Jersey ...................................... New Mexico ..................................... New York ......................................... North Carolina.................................. North Dakota.................................. Ohio................................................... Oklahoma ......................................... Oregon.............................................. Pennsylvania.................................... Rhode Island....................................  1 2 2 1 1 2 2 3 2 1  2 3 3 2 2 3 3 4 3 2  3 5 4 3 2 4 5 6 4 2  4 7 5 4 3 5 7 8 6 3  5 8 6 5 3 6 8 9 6 4  7 11 8 7 5 9 11 13 9 5  10 15 11 9 6 12 15 18 13 7  14 20 16 13 8 17 21 25 18 9  15 22 18 15 8 19 23 27 20 10  19 25 22 18 6 24 28 33 25 10  23 26 27 22 29 33 38 30 9  26 23 31 25 33 36 42 35 ~  South Carolina................................. South Dakota................................... Tennessee ........................................ Texas ................................................ Utah................................................... Vermont ............................................ Virginia .............................................. Washington ...................................... West Virginia .................................... Wisconsin ......................................... Wyoming...........................................  2 1 3 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 1  3 2 4 5 3 1 5 4 2 4 2  4 2 6 7 4 2 7 6 3 6 2  5 3 8 9 6 2 10 9 5 8 3  6 4 9 10 7 3 11 10 5 9 3  8 5 13 15 10 4 16 14 7 13 4  12 7 18 21 13 5 22 19 10 18 6  16 8 26 29 18 6 31 27 14 25 6  18 9 28 32 19 6 34 30 15 28 6  22 7 35 41 22 3 43 37 17 34 -  25 42 49 23 51 43 19 41 “  28 47 57 21 57 48 19 46 ~   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  155  Table B-17. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons by State —Continued (In thousands)  State 1,000  1,500  2,000  2,500  5,000  7,500  10,000  12,500  15,000  Alabama............................................ Alaska ............................................... Arizona.............................................. Arkansas ........................................... California........................................... Colorado........................................... Connecticut ...................................... Delaware........................................... District of Columbia......................... Florida...............................................  41 _ 44 28 49 40 34 _ _ 44  44 45 21 59 40 34 _ _ 53  42 _ 38 _ 67 32 28 _ _ 59  . _ _ _ 74 _ _ _ _ 64  _ _ _ 98 _ _ _ _ 73  _ _ _ 110 _ _ _ _ 63  _ _ _ 115 _  _ 114 _  106  _ -  -  -  Georgia ............................................. Hawaii ............................................... Idaho ................................................. Illinois................................................ Indiana.............................................. Iowa................................................... Kansas .............................................. Kentucky........................................... Louisiana .......................................... Maine ................................................  56 37 51 28 28 37 46 -  64 44 57 26 22 38 49 -  68 49 60 14  69 _ _ 53 59 _ _  _ _ _ 59  . _ _ 42  _  _  _  _ _ _  Maryland ........................................... Massachusetts................................. Michigan ........................................... Minnesota......................................... Mississippi ........................................ Missouri............................................. Montana............................................ Nebraska .......................................... Nevada ............................................. New Hampshire...............................  53 25 35 42 30 52  58 28 42 45 25 57 -  -  -  _ -  New Jersey ...................................... New Mexico ..................................... New York.......................................... North Carolina.................................. North Dakota.................................... Ohio................................................... Oklahoma ......................................... Oregon.............................................. Pennsylvania.................................... Rhode Island....................................  28 35 27 36 38 43 38 -  33 41 31 43 37 40 46 -  36 47 33 _ 48 28 51 -  South Carolina................................. South Dakota................................... Tennessee ........................................ Texas ................................................ Utah................................................... Vermont............................................ Virginia .............................................. Washington ...................................... West Virginia.................................... Wisconsin ......................................... Wyoming...........................................  29 _ 50 63  29 _ 56 75 _ _ 71 57 54 -  25   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  13 -  -  _ 62 52 49 “  -  35 48 -  _  -  _  _ -  _ -  _  59 30 46 44  54 30 49 38  .  _ _ _ _  -  -  59  57 _  _  46 -.  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _ -  _ -  37 _ 51 34 _ 51 _ 55 -  29 _ 64 _ _ 55 _ _ 62 -  _  _  _  57 85 _  54 92  113  _  _  _  _ 75 53 51 -  75 57 55 -  -  156  .  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _  _ _  _  -  _  _  _  _  _ _ _  _  _  _  _  _  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ 66 _ _ 32 _ _ 50 -  _ _ 60 _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _  _  _  -  _  _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _  _  ■.  _  _ _ _ _ -  111 _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _  _  88  _ _  _  _  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ -  _  _  '  _ _ _ _ “  '  Table B-18. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons by State (In thousands)  State 2  5  10  20  25  50  100  4 1 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 2  6 1 3 4 3 3 3 1 1 3  8 4 5 4 4 4 2 2 4  9 _ 5 6 5 4 5 2 2 5  13 _ 6 8 7 6 7 3 3 7  18 _ 9 11 10 9 9 4 4 9  3 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1  4 1 2 3 2 2 3 3 1  6 2 _ 3 4 3 3 4 5 -  8 _ 4 5 4 4 6 7 -  9 _ _ 5 6 4 5 7 7 -  13 _ 6 8 _ 7 10 10 -  Maryland.................................................. Massachusetts........................................ Michigan .................................................. Minnesota................................................ Mississippi ............................................... Missouri.................................................... Montana................................................... Nebraska ................................................. Nevada..................................................... New Hampshire......................................  2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1  3 1 2 2 2 3 1 1 1  4 2 2 3 3 4 2 2 -  6 3 3 4 4 5 _ 2 2 -  7 3 4 5 5 6 _ 3 3 -  New Jersey ............................................. New Mexico ............................................ New York................................................. North Carolina......................................... North Dakota........................................... Ohio.......................................................... Oklahoma ................................................ Oregon..................................................... Pennsylvania........................................... Rhode Island...........................................  1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1  2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 1  2 2 3 3 3 4 3 3 2  3 3 4 4 4 5 4 4 2  South Carolina ........................................ South Dakota.......................................... Tennessee ............................................... Texas ....................................................... Utah.......................................................... Vermont ................................................... Virginia ..................................................... Washington.............................................. West Virginia ........................................... Wisconsin ................................................ Wyoming..................................................  2 1 2 2 1 1 3 1 1 2 1  3 _ 3 3 1  4 _ 4 4 -  Alabama.................................................. Alaska ..................................................... Arizona.................................................... Arkansas ................................................. California.................................................. Colorado.................................................. Connecticut ..................................... Delaware................................................. District of Columbia................................. Florida ......................................................  3 0 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1  Georgia .................................................... Hawaii ...................................................... Idaho........................................................ Illinois ....................................................... Indiana ..................................................... Iowa.......................................................... Kansas ..................................................... Kentucky.................................................. Louisiana.................................................. Maine .......................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  200  250  24 _ _ 15 14 _ 13 _ 4 13  27 _ _ _ 15 _ _ _ _ 15  33 _ _ _ 19 _ _ _. _ 19  _ _ _ 24 _ _ _ _ 22  18 _ _ 9 12 _ 10 14 15 -  25 _ _ 13 17 _ _ _ 20 -  28 _ _ 14 18 _ _ _ 22 -  35 _ _ 18 _ _ _ _ 28 -  42 _ _ 22 _ _ _ _ 32 -  9 4 5 7 7 8 _ _ 4 -  13 6 8 _ 10 12 _ _ _ -  18 9 11 _ 13 16 _ _ _ -  20 _ 12 _ 15 18 _ _ _ -  25 _ 15 _ 18 22  29 _ 18 _ _ _  33 _ _ _ _ _  _  - _  -  -  -  3 _ 4 4 _ 4 6 _ 4 -  5 _ 6 6 _ 6 8 _ 6 -  7 _ 8 8 _ 8 11 _ 8 -  10 _ 11 11 _ 12 _ _ 12 -  11 _ 12 13 _ 13 _ _ 13 -  13 _ 16 16 _ 16 _ _ 16 -  16 _ 19 19 _ 20 _ _ 20 -  _ 22 21 _ _ _ _  6 _ 6 5  6 _ 7 6  9 _ 10 8  13 _ 14 12  19  24  27  21 18  26 23  _  _  _  _  17 _ 19 16 _  _  _  _ 10 5 4 6 -  _ 14 7 5 8 -  _ 19 10 _ 12 -  30 _  37  _  _  _  _ -  -  -  _  _  _  4 2 2 3  6 3 2 4 ~  9 5 3 5  '  157  ■  400  600  800  _  1,500  _  -  28 _  1,000  27 _  30  _  26  28  -  47 _  51  25 _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _  _ _ _  '  _  -  -  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  -  -  24 _ _  29 _ _  _  -  -  -  _ 32  _ 35  _ 42  .  .  27 _  _  45 _ _  -  _ _  _  _  _  _  -  '  -  •  Table B-19. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanic origin by State (In thousands) Estimated level  2  5  10  Alabama............................................ Alaska ............................................... Arizona.............................................. Arkansas ........................................... California........................................... Colorado........................................... Connecticut ...................................... Delaware........................................... District of Columbia......................... Florida...............................................  2 1 3 1 2 2 2 1 1 2  2 1 5 2 3 3 3 1 1 2  3 1 7 3 4 5 4 2 2 3  Georgia ............................................. Hawaii ............................................... Idaho................................................. Illinois................................................ Indiana .............................................. Iowa................................................... Kansas .............................................. Kentucky........................................... Louisiana .......................................... Maine ................................................  2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1  3 1 2 2 3 2 3 2 3 1  4 2 2 3 4 3 4 3 4  Maryland........................................... Massachusetts................................. Michigan ........................................... Minnesota......................................... Mississippi ........................................ Missouri *........................................... Montana............................................ Nebraska .......................................... Nevada ............................................. New Hampshire...............................  2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1  3 2 2 3 2 3 1 3 2 1  New Jersey ...................................... New Mexico ..................................... New York.......................................... North Carolina.................................. North Dakota.................................... Ohio................................................... Oklahoma......................................... Oregon.............................................. Pennsylvania.................................... Rhode Island....................................  1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1  2 2 2 2  South Carolina................................. South Dakota................................... Tennessee ........................................ Texas .............................................. Utah................................ Vermont ............................................ Virginia .............................................. Washington ...................................... West Virginia.................................... Wisconsin ......................................... Wyoming...........................................  1 1 2 3 1 1 2 3 1 2 1   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  2 3 3 2 1 2 1 3 4 2  -  3 5  -  -  5 _ 10 6 7 5 2 5  -  4 2 3 4 _  4 4 2  3 4 6 5 6 6 6 3 4 5  _  3 3 3 2 3 4 4 3 2  -  4 6 3 4 7  6 6 3  7 -  -  -  5 5 6 4 3 4  _ -  3 5 7 7 6  8 4  -  5 11  _ -  7 4  200  250  400  600  800  _ _ 16 _ 9 11 8 _ _ 8  _ _ 22 _ 13 15 11 _ _ 11  . _ 30 _ 19 20 _ _ _ 15  _ _ 33 _ 21 _ _ _ 17  . _ 41 _ 26 _ _ _ 21  . _ _ _ 32 _ _ _ _ 26  _ _ _ _ 37 _ _ 30  10 5 7 10 10 9 -  _ 10 13 -  _ _ 14 _ -  _ 16 _ -  _ 20 _ -  _ _ 24 -  _ _ _ _  _  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  11 11 13 _ _ _ _ -  12 12 14 _ _ , _ _ _ -  _ 26 _ _  9 5 6 _ _ -  4 4 5 4  7 9  _ _ _ -  9 5  6 6 7 5  8 8 9  7 8 9 7  -  -  _ 10 _ 10 -  . _ -  _ _ 13 7 9 17  . _ _ 19 _ _ 12 23  _  5 6 7 5  9 5  -  6 12  -  5 2  100  6 4 5  -  _  4 2  _ _ 11 _ 7 7 6 _ 5  4 4 4 3  3 _  50  -  -  -  25  6 -  -  -  3 1  20  6 -  -  1,000  1,500  2,000  2,500  _ _ 41 _ _ _ 33  _ _ _ 49 _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ 56 _ _ _ -  _ _ _ 62 _ _ _ _ -  _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  16 18 _ _ _ _ -  _ _ 22 _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ 25 _ _ _ _ -  _ _ 28 _ _ _ _ -  . , _ _ _ _ _ -  . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  . , _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ . 29 _ _  _ 37 _  _ _ 45 _  _ _ 57 _  _  _  _ _ 51 _ _  _ _ 68 _ _  _ _ 77 _ _  _ _ _ _  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _ -  --  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  158  Index to tables B-20 to B-25 of sampling errors for rates by State Table State  B-20  B-21  B-22  B-23  B-24  B-25  Part:  Part:  Part:  Part:  Part:  Part:  Alabama........................................................... Alaska ............................................................... Arizona............................................................. Arkansas........................................................... California........................................................... Colorado........................................................... Connecticut...................................................... Delaware........................................................... District of Columbia ....................................... Florida...............................................................  10 1 8  9  8 1 8  3 10  6 9 9 9  7 9 9 7  13 1 8 10  3 3 8  3 3  Georgia............................................................. Hawaii............................................................... Icaho ............................................................... Illinois............................................................... Indiana............................................................. Iowa................................................................. Kansas ............................................................. Kentucky........................................................... Louisiana ........................................................ Maine...............................................................  11 3 3 8 11 8  11 4 4 8 11  Maryland........................................................... Massachusetts ................................................ Michigan........................................................... Minnesota........................................................ Mississippi........................................................ Missouri ........................................................... Montana........................................................... Nebraska ......................................................... Nevada............................................................. New Hampshire..............................................  10 5  New Jersey....................................................... New Mexico.................................................... New York........................................................ North Carolina ................................................ North Dakota .................................................. Ohio................................................................. Oklahoma........................................................ Oregon............................................................. Pennsylvania.................................................... Rhode Island .................................................. South Carolina................................................ South Dakota.................................................. Tennessee ...................................................... Texas ............................................................... Utah ................................................................. Vermont ........................................................... Virginia............................................................. Washington...................................................... West Virginia.................................................... Wisconsin........................................................ Wyoming...........................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7 9 9 9  2 2 7  7 9 9  4  7  10 7  10 3 4 3 4  1 9 7  10 9 9  9  8  8 2 13 6 10 11  9  9  7  1 1 8  3 3 8  2 2 8  10 4 3  11 4 4  10 4 5 8 10 8 10 8 10 4  7  7  10  10  13 4 6 8 10  7 7 9  6 6  6 7  7 9  8  11 4  9  8 10 3  11 12 4  11  10 5  11 4 6  11 5 7  9  9 9  4  6 7  6 9 6  10 8 11 3 5 4 5  10 2 5 4 4  8 10 4 5 8 3  6  7  6  5  4  5 8 6 2 8 8 8 8 4  4  7  5 2 7  8 8 8 3 8 2 10 9  4 1 10 10 6  10 1  9  7  9 6  5 4  4 2  7  6 9  8 8  8 2 10 10 5 3 10 10  10 3 4 4 4  10 3  6 6 7 7  6 6 7  9  5 4  7  5 1 8  10 8  10  2  9  7  7  7  7  2  4  4  7  6  2  11 2 11 10  7 4  10 5 8  2 10 11 8 1 12 11 5 10  10  9  2  2  2  3  5 2 9  159  7 9 6  4  9 9  6 9 2  10  10 5  5  9  12  3 13  7 2 9  9 7  13 5  Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 1: California 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7,500 ................................................. 10,000 ............................................... 12,500 ............................................... 15,000 ...............................................  9.23 5.84 4.13 2.92 2.61 1.85 1.30 .92 .83 .65 .53 .46 .41 .34 .29 .26 .18 .15 .13 .12 .11  12.95 8.19 5.79 4.10 3.66 2.59 1.83 1.30 1.16 .92 .75 .65 .58 .47 .41 .37 .26 .21 .18 .16 .15  18.04 11.41 8.07 5.71 5.10 3.61 2.55 1.80 1.61 1.28 1.04 .90 .81 .66 .57 .51 .36 .30 .26 .23 .21  21.75 13.76 9.73 6.88 6.15 4.35 3.08 2.18 1.95 1.54 1.26 1.09 .97 .80 .69 .62 .44 .36 .31 .28 .25  24.72 15.63 11.06 7.82 6.99 4.94 3.50 2.47 2.21 1.75 1.43 1.24 1.11 .90 .78 .70 .50 .41 .35 .32 .29  27.18 17.19 12.16 8.60 7.69 5.44 3.84 2.72 2.43 1.92 1.57 1.36 1.22 .99 .86 .77 .55 .45 .39 .35 .32  31.85 20.15 14.25 10.07 9.01 6.37 4.51 3.19 2.85 2.25 1.84 1.60 1.43 1.17 1.01 .91 .64 .53 .46 .41 .38  35.04 22.16 15.67 11.08 9.91 7.01 4.96 3.51 3.14 2.48 2.03 1.76 1.57 1.29 1.11 1.00 .71 .58 .51 .46 .42  37.14 23.49 16.61 11.74 10.50 7.43 5.25 3.72 3.32 2.63 2.15 1.86 1.67 1.36 1.18 1.06 .76 .62 .55 .49 .45  8.13 5.14 3.64 2.57 2.30 1.63 1.15 .81 .73 .58 .47 .41 .36 .30 .26 .23 .16 .13  11.43 7.23 5.11 3.62 3.23 2.29 1.62 1.14 1.02 .81 .66 .57 .51 .42 .36 .32 .23 .19  15.97 10.10 7.14 5.05 4.52 3.19 2.26 1.60 1.43 1.13 .92 .80 .71 .58 .51 .45 .32 .26  19.32 12.22 8.64 6.11 5.46 3.86 2.73 1.93 1.73 1.37 1.12 .97 .86 .71 .61 .55 .39 .32  22.02 13.93 9.85 6.96 6.23 4.40 3.11 2.20 1.97 1.56 1.27 1.10 .99 .81 .70 .62 .44 .36  24.29 15.37 10.87 7.68 6.87 4.86 3.44 2.43 2.17 1.72 1.40 1.22 1.09 .89 .77 .69 .49 .40  28.74 18.18 12.85 9.09 8.13 5.75 4.07 2.88 2.57 2.03 1.66 1.44 1.29 1.05 .91 .82 .58 .48  31.98 20.22 14.30 10.11 9.04 6.40 4.52 3.20 2.86 2.26 1.85 1.60 1.43 1.17 1.02 .91 .65 .53  34.34 21.72 15.36 10.86 9.71 6.87 4.86 3.44 3.07 2.43 1.99 1.72 1.54 1.26 1.09 .98 .70 .58  11.20 7.08 5.01 3.54 3.17 2.24 1.58 1.12 1.00 .79 .65 .56 .50 .41 .35 .32 .22  15.73 9.95 7.04 4.98 4.45 3.15 2.23 1.57 1.41 1.11 .91 .79 .70 .58 .50 .45 .32  21.94 13.88 9.81 6.94 6.21 4,39 3.10 2.20 1.96 1.55 1.27 1.10 .98 .80 .70 .62 .44  26.50 16.76 11.85 8.38 7.49 5.30 3.75 2.65 2.37 1.88 1.53 1.33 1.19 .97 .84 .75 .54  30.15 19.07 13.48 9.53 8.53 6.03 4.27 3.02 2.70 2.13 1.74 1.51 1.35 1.11 .96 .86 .61  33.20 21.00 14.85 10.50 9.39 6.64 4.70 3.32 2.97 2.35 1.92 1.67 1.49 1.22 1.06 .95 .68  39.08 24.71 17.48 12.36 11.05 7.82 5.53 3.91 3.50 2.77 2.27 1.97 1.76 1.44 1.25 1.13 .81  43.21 27.33 19.32 13.67 12.22 8.65 6.12 4.33 3.87 3.07 2.51 2.18 1.95 1.60 1.40 1.25 .91  46.07 29.14 20.61 14.57 13.03 9.22 6.52 4.62 4.14 3.28 2.68 2.33 2.09 1.72 1.50 1.35 .99  Part 2 : Illinois, Iowa, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Pennsylvania 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7,500 ................................................. Part 3: Georgia, Indiana, Missouri, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wisconsin 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 ............................................... 400 .................................................... 600 ..................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 .................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  160  Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by State —Continued State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 6  20  25  14.76 9.34 6.61 4.68 4.19 2.97 2.12 1.52 1.37 1.11 .93  15.90 10.06 7.12 5.05 4.52 3.22 2.30 1.66 1.50 1.23 1.04  16.39 10.37 7.35 5.21 4.67 3.33 2.39 1.75 1.59 1.31 1.13  15.34 9.70 6.86 4.85 4.34 3.07 2.17 1.54 1.38 1.09 .89 .78  18.14 11.47 8.11 5.74 5.13 3.63 2.57 1.82 1.63 1.29 1.06 .92  20.16 12.75 9.02 6.38 5.71 4.04 2.86 2.03 1.82 1.44 1.19 1.03  21.63 13.68 9.68 6.85 6.13 4.34 3.07 2.18 1.96 1.56 1.28 1.12  17.01 10.76 7.61 5.38 4.81 3.40 2.41 1.70 1.52 1.20 .98 .85 .76 .62 .54 .48 .34  18.76 11.87 8.39 5.93 5.31 3.75 2.65 1.88 1.68 1.33 1.08 .94 .84 .69 .60 .53 .38  22.18 14.03 9.92 7.01 6.27 4.44 3.14 2.22 1.99 1.57 1.28 1.11 .99 .81 .71 .63 .45  24.66 15.59 11.03 7.80 6.97 4.93 3.49 2.47 2.21 1.75 1.43 1.24 1.11 .91 .79 .70 .50  26.46 16.73 11.83 8.37 7.48 5.29 3.74 2.65 2.37 1.88 1.53 1.33 1.19 .97 .85 .76 .54  20.04 12.68 8.96 6.34 5.67 4.01 2.83 2.00 1.79 1.42 1.16 1.00 .90 .73 .63 .57 .40 .33 .28  22.12 13.99 9.89 6.99 6.26 4.42 3.13 2.21 1.98 1.56 1.28 1.11 .99 .81 .70 .63 .44 .36 .31  26.18 16.56 11.71 8.28 7.41 5.24 3.70 2.62 2.34 1.85 1.51 1.31 1.17 .96 .83 .74 .53 .43 .37  29.15 18.44 13.04 9.22 8.25 5.83 4.12 2.92 2.61 2.06 1.68 1.46 1.31 1.07 .92 .83 .59 .48 .42  31.33 19.82 14.01 9.91 8.86 6.27 4.43 3.13 2.80 2.22 1.81 1.57 1.40 1.15 .99 .89 .63 .52 .45  8  10  1  2  4  4.45 2.82 1.99 1.41 1.26 .89 .63 .45 .40 .32 .26  6.24 3.95 2.79 1.97 1.77 1.25 .88 .63 .56 .44 .36  8.65 5.47 3.87 2.74 2.45 1.73 1.23 .87 .78 .62 .51  10.38 6.56 4.64 3.28 2.94 2.08 1.47 1.05 .94 .75 .62  11.73 7.42 5.25 3.71 3.32 2.35 1.67 1.19 1.07 .85 .70  12.82 8.11 5.74 4.06 3.63 2.57 1.83 1.30 1.17 .94 .78  5.14 3.25 2.30 1.63 1.45 1.03 .73 .51 .46 .36 .30 .26  7.23 4.57 3.23 2.29 2.04 1.45 1.02 .72 .65 .51 .42 .36  10.09 6.38 4.51 3.19 2.85 2.02 1.43 1.01 .90 .72 .58 .51  12.20 7.72 5.46 3.86 3.45 2.44 1.73 1.22 1.09 .87 .71 .61  13.91 8.80 6.22 4.40 3.93 2.78 1.97 1.39 1.25 .99 .81 .70  6.29 3.98 2.81 1.99 1.78 1.26 .89 .63 .56 .44 .36 .31 .28 .23 .20 .18 .13  8.84 5.59 3.95 2.79 2.50 1.77 1.25 .88 .79 .62 .51 .44 .40 .32 .28 .25 .18  12.34 7.81 5.52 3.90 3.49 2.47 1.75 1.23 1.10 .87 .71 .62 .55 .45 .39 .35 .25  14.92 9.44 6.67 4.72 4.22 2.98 2.11 1.49 1.34 1.06 .86 .75 .67 .55 .47 .42 .30  7.40 4.68 3.31 2.34 2.09 1.48 1.05 .74 .66 .52 .43 .37 .33 .27 .23 .21 .15 .12 .10  10.40 6.58 4.65 3.29 2.94 2.08 1.47 1.04 .93 .74 .60 .52 .47 .38 .33 .29 .21 .17 .15  14.53 9.19 6.50 4.59 4.11 2.91 2.05 1.45 1.30 1.03 .84 .73 .65 .53 .46 .41 .29 .24 .21  17.58 11.12 7.86 5.56 4.97 3.52 2.49 1.76 1.57 1.24 1.02 .88 .79 .64 .56 .50 .35 .29 .25  15  Part 4: Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, and Rhode Island 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... Part 5: Maine, New Hampshire, and New Mexico 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... Part 6: New Jersey and West Virginia 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. Part 7: Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, New York, and Washington 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 ............................................:...... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7,500 ................................................. 10,000 ...............................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _____________  161  Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by State —Continued State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  5.81 3.67 2.60 1.84 1.64 1.16 .82 .58 .52 .41 .34 .29 .26 .21 .18 .16 .12  8.16 5.16 3.65 2.58 2.31 1.63 1.15 .82 .73 .58 .47 .41 .37 .30 .26 .23 .16  11.38 7.20 5.09 3.60 3.22 2.28 1.61 1.14 1.02 .81 .66 .57 .51 .42 .36 .32 .23  13.74 8.69 6.15 4.35 3.89 2.75 1.94 1.37 1.23 .97 .79 .69 .62 .50 .44 .39 .28  15.64 9.89 6.99 4.94 4.42 3.13 2.21 1.56 1.40 1.11 .90 .78 .70 .57 .50 .45 .32  17.22 10.89 7.70 5.44 4.87 3.44 2.44 1.72 1.54 1.22 1.00 .86 .77 .63 .55 .49 .35  20.26 12.81 9.06 6.41 5.73 4.05 2.87 2.03 1.81 1.44 1.17 .91 .75 .65 .58 .42  1.01  7.46 4.72 3.33 2.36 2.11 1.49 1.05 .75 .67 .53 .43 .37 .33 .27 .24 .21 .15 .12  10.47 6.62 4.68 3.31 2.96 2.09 1.48 1.05 .94 .74 .60 .52 .47 .38 .33 .30 .21 .17  14.61 9.24 6.53 4.62 4.13 2.92 2.07 1.46 1.31 1.03 .84 .73 .65 .53 .46 .41 .29 .24  17.63 11.15 7.89 5.58 4.99 3.53 2.49 1.76 1.58 1.25 1.02 .88 .79 .65 .56 .50 .36 .29  20.06 12.69 8.97 6.34 5.67 4.01 2.84 2.01 1.80 1.42 1.16 1.00 .90 .73 .64 .57 .40 .33  22.09 13.97 9.88 6.99 6.25 4.42 3.12 2.21 1.98 1.56 1.28 1.11 .99 .81 .70 .63 .45 .37  25.98 16.43 11.62  28.71 18.16 12.84 9.08  3.77 2.39 1.69 1.19 1.07 .75 .53 .38 .34 .27  5.28 3.34 2.36 1.67 1.49 1.06 .75 .53 .47 .38  7.32 4.63 3.27 2.32 2.07 1.47 1.04 .74 .66 .53  8.77 5.55 3.93 2.78 2.49 1.76 1.25 .89 .80 .64  9.91 6.27 4.43 3.14 2.81 1.99 1.41 1.01 .90 .72  10.82 6.85 4.84 3.43 3.07 2.18 1.55 1.11 .99 .80  12.44 7.87 5.57 3.95 3.53 2.51 1.79 1.29 1.16 .94  4  6  8  10  Part 8: Massachusetts. Nebraska, North Carolina, and Utah 2......................................................... 5........................................................ 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ........................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 ................................ 200 ............................................ 250 ............................................... 400 ........................................ 600 .................................................... 800 ..................................... 1,000 ........................................... 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 .................................................  1.02  22.39 14.16 10.01  7.08 6.33 4.48 3.17 2.24 2.01  1.59 1.30 1.13 .83 .72 .65 .47  23.86 15.09 10.67 7.55 6.75 4.78 3.38 2.39 2.14 1.70 1.39 1.21  1.08 .89 .77 .70 .51  Part 9: Arkansas, Florida, Kansas, Michigan, Mississippi, and Ohio 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ................................................ 50 .................................................... 100 ................................................... 200 ................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 ................................................. 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7,500 .................................................  8.22  7.35 5.20 3.68 2.60 2.33 1.84 1.50 1.30 1.17 .95 .83 .74 .53 .44  8.12  5.74 4.06 2.87 2.57 2.03 1.66  1.44 1.29 1.06 .92 .82 .59 .49  30.59 19.35 13.68 9.67 8.65 6.12  4.33 3.06 2.74 2.17 1.77 1.54 1.38 1.13 .98 .88  .64 .53  Part 10: Alaska, Delaware, the District of Columbia, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 ................................... 250 ........................... 400 .........................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  162  ’  13.35 8.45 5.98 4.24 3.80 2.71 1.94 1.41 1.28 1.05  13.70 8.68  6.15 4.37 3.91 2.80 2.02 1.48 1.35 1.12  Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by State —Continued State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 11: Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, South Carolina, and Texas 2......... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 .... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. 7 500 ............................... 10,000   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9.33 5.90 4.17 2.95 2.64 1.87 1.32 .93 .83 .66 .54 .47 .42 .34 .30 .26 .19 .15 .13  13.03 8.24 5.83 4.12 3.68 2.61 1.84 1.30 1.1? .92 .75 .65 .58 .48 .41 .37 .26 .21 .19  17.95 11.35 8.03 5.68 5.08 3.59 2.54 1,80 1.61 1.27 1.04 .90 .80 .66 .57 .51 .36 .30 .26  21.39 13.53 9.57 6.77 6.05 4.28 3.03 2.14 1.92 1.52 1.24 1.07 .96 .79 .68 .61 .44 .36 .31  163  24.00 15.18 10.73 7.59 6.79 4.80 3.40 2.40 2.15 1.70 1.39 1.21 1.08 .88 .77 .69 .49 .41 .36  26.02 16.46 11.64 8.23 7.36 5.21 3.68 2.61 2.33 1.85 1.51 1.31 1.17 .96 .84 .75 .54 .45 .39  29.23 18.49 13.07 9.25 8.27 5.85 4.14 2.93 2.62 2.08 1.70 1.48 1.32 1.09 .95 .85 .62 .52 .47  30.41 19.23 13.60 9.62 8.61 6.09 4.31 3.05 2.73 2.17 1.78 1.55 1.39 1.15 1.00 .91 .67 .57 .52  29.80 18.85 13.33 9.43 8.43 5.97 4.23 3.00 2.69 2.14 1.76 1.53 1.38 1.15 1.01 .92 .70 .60 .55  Table B-21. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by State State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  -6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 1: Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Kentucky, and Wisconsin 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 ....................................................  9.63 6.09 4.31 3.05 2.72 1.93 1.36 .96 .86 .68  13.50 8.54 6.04 4.27 3.82 2.70 1.91 1.35 1.21 .96  18.76 11.86 8.39 5.93 5.31 3.75 2.65 1.88 1.68 1.33  22.55 14.26 10.08 7.13 6.38 4.51 3.19 2.26 2.02 1.60  25.54 16.15 11.42 8.08 7.23 5.11 3.62 2.56 2.29 1.81  27.99 17.70 12.52 8.85 7.92 5.60 3.96 2.81 2.51 1.99  32.48 20.54 14.53 10.27 9.19 6.50 4.60 3.26 2.92 2.32  35.30 22.33 15.79 11.17 9.99 7.07 5.01 3.55 3.18 2.53  36.83 23.30 16.48 11.66 10.43 7.38 5.23 3.72 3.33 2.66  2.96 1.87 1.32  4.18 2.64 1.87  5.87 3.71 2.63  7.15 4.52 3.20  8.21 5.19 3.67  9.12 5.77 4.08  11.01 6.96 4.92  12.51 7.91 5.59  13.76 8.70 6.15  9.54 6.03 4.27 3.02 2.70 1.91 1.35 .95 .85 .67 .55 .48 .43  13.46 8.51 6.02 4.26 3.81 2.69 1.90 1.35 1.20 .95 .78 .67 .60  18.93 11.97 8.46 5.99 5.35 3.79 2.68 1.89 1.69 1.34 1.09 .95 .85  23.06 14.58 10.31 7.29 6.52 4.61 3.26 2.31 2.06 1.63 1.33 1.15 1.03  26.48 16.75 11.84 8.37 7.49 5.30 3.74 2.65 2.37 1.87 1.53 1.32 1.18  29.44 18.62 13.16 9.31 8.33 5.89 4.16 2.94 2.63 2.08 1.70 1.47 1.31  35.55 22.48 15.90 11.24 10.05 7.11 5.03 3.55 3.18 2.51 2.05 1.77 1.59  40.45 25.58 18.09 12.79 11.44 8.09 5.72 4.04 3.62 2.86 2.33 2.02 1.80  44.55 28.18 19.92 14.09 12.60 8.91 6.30 4.45 3.98 3.15 2.57 2.22 1.99  4.11 2.60 1.84 1.30 1.16 .82 .58 .41  5.80 3.67 2.59 1.83 1.64 1.16 .82 .58  8.16 5.16 3.65 2.58 2.31 1.63 1.15 .81  9.94 6.29 4.44 3.14 2.81 1.99 1.40 .99  11.42 7.22 5.10 3.61 3.23 2.28 1.61 1.13  12.69 8.03 5.67 4.01 3.59 2.53 1.79 1.26  15.33 9.69 6.85 4.84 4.33 3.05 2.15 1.51  17.44 11.03 7.79 5.50 4.92 3.47 2.44 1.70  19.21 12.15 8.58 6.06 5.42 3.81 2.68 1.86  8.19 5.18 3.66 2.59 2.32 1.64 1.16 .82 .73 .58 .47 .41 .37  11.54 7.30 5.16 3.65 3.26 2.31 1.63 1.15 1.03 .82 .67 .58 .52  16.21 10.25 7.25 5.13 4.59 3.24 2.29 1.62 1.45 1.15 .94 .81 .72  19.72 12.47 8.82 6.24 5.58 3.94 2.79 1.97 1.76 1.39 1.14 .99 .88  22.61 14.30 10.11 7.15 6.40 4.52 3.20 2.26 2.02 1.60 1.30 1.13 1.01  25.10 15.88 11.23 7.94 7.10 5.02 3.55 2.51 2.24 1.77 1.45 1.25 1.12  30.19 19.10 13.50 9.55 8.54 6.04 4.27 3.02 2.70 2.13 1.74 1.51 1.35  34.22 21.64 15.30 10.82 9.68 6.84 4.84 3.42 3.06 2.42 1.97 1.71 1.52  37.52 23.73 16.78 11.86 10.61 7.50 5.30 3.75 3.35 2.65 2.16 1.87 1.67  Part 2: Alaska 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... Part 3: California 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. Part 4: Delaware, the District of Columbia, Montana, and Vermont 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ........................................... ....... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... Part 5: Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 ................................................. 400 .................................................... 600 ................... 800 .......................... 1,000 .............................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  164  Table B-21. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by State —Continued State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 6: Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, and Missouri 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 .................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 .................................................  11.51 7.28 5.15 3.64 3.26 2.30 1.63 1.15 1.03 .81 .66 .58 .51  16.17 10.23 7.23 5.11 4.57 3.23 2.29 1.62 1.45 1.14 .93 .81 .72  22.58 14.28 10.10 7.14 6.39 4.52 3.19 2.26 2.02 1.60 1.30 1.13 1.01  27.29 17.26 12.20 8.63 7.72 5.46 3.86 2.73 2.44 1.93 1.58 1.37 1.22  31.08 19.66 13.90 9.83 8.79 6.22 4.40 3.11 2.78 2.20 1.80 1.56 1.39  34.27 21.67 15.33 10.84 9.69 6.85 4.85 3.43 3.07 2.43 1.98 1.72 1.54  40.45 25.58 18.09 12.79 11.44 8.09 5.72 4.05 3.62 2.87 2.34 2.03 1.82  44.89 28.39 20.08 14.20 12.70 8.98 6.35 4.49 4.02 3.18 2.60 2.26 2.02  48.06 30.40 21.50 15.20 13.60 9.62 6.80 4.82 4.31 3.41 2.79 2.42 2.17  7.26 4.59 3.25 2.30 2.05 1.45 1.03 .73 .65 .51 .42  10.24 6.48 4.58 3.24 2.90 2.05 1.45 1.02 .92 .72 .59  14.40 9.11 6.44 4.55 4.07 2.88 2.04 1.44 1.29 1.02 .83  17.54 11.09 7.84 5.55 4.96 3.51 2.48 1.75 1.57 1.24 1.01  20.13 12.73 9.00 6.37 5.69 4.03 2.85 2.01 1.80 1.42 1.16  22.38 14.16 10.01 7.08 6.33 4.48 3.16 2.24 2.00 1.58 1.29  27.01 17.08 12.08 8.54 7.64 5.40 3.82 2.70 2.41 1.91 1.55  30.72 19.43 13.74 9.71 8.69 6.14 4.34 3.07 2.74 2.17 1.77  33.82 21.39 15.12 10.69 9.56 6.76 4.78 3.38 3.02 2.38 1.94  5.41 3.42 2.42 1.71 1.53  7.63 4.83 3.41 2.41 2.16  10.73 6.79 4.80 3.39 3.04  13.07 8.27 5.85 4.13 3.70  15.01 9.50 6.71 4.75 4.25  16.69 10.56 7.46 5.28 4.72  20.16 12.75 9.01 6.37 5.70  22.94 14.51 10.26 7.25 6.48  25.27 15.98 11.29 7.98 7.14  5.12 3.23 2.29 1.62 1.45 1.02  7.21 4.56 3.23 2.28 2.04 1.44  10.14 6.41 4.53 3.21 2.87 2.03  12.35 7.81 5.52 3.90 3.49 2.47  14.17 8.96 6.34 4.48 4.01 2.83  15.75 9.96 7.04 4.98 4.45 3.15  18.99 12.01 8.49 6.00 5.37 3.79  21.57 13.64 9.64 6.82 6.09 4.30  23.72 15.00 10.60 7.49 6.70 4.73  7.65 4.84 3.42 2.42 2.16 1.53 1.08 .76 .68 .54 .44 .38 .34 .28  10.78 6.82 4.82 3.41 3.05 2.16 1.53 1.08 .96 .76 .62 .54 .48 .39  15.17 9.59 6.78 4.80 4.29 3.03 2.15 1.52 1.36 1.07 .88 .76 .68 .55  18.48 11.69 8.26 5.84 5.23 3.70 2.61 1.85 1.65 1.31 1.07 .92 .83 .67  21.22 13.42 9.49 6.71 6.00 4.24 3.00 2.12 1.90 1.50 1.22 1.06 .95 .77  23.59 14.92 10.55 7.46 6.67 4.72 3.34 2.36 2.11 1.67 1.36 1.18 1.05 .86  28.48 18.01 12.74 9.00 8.05 5.69 4.03 2.85 2.55 2.01 1.64 1.42 1.27 1.04  32.40 20.49 14.49 10.25 9.16 6.48 4.58 3.24 2.90 2.29 1.87 1.62 1.44 1.18  35.68 22.56 15.96 11.28 10.09 7.13 5.04 3.56 3.19 2.52 2.05 1.78 1.59 1.29  Part 7: Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, and New Jersey 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... Part 8: Nebraska and Utah 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... Part 9: Hawaii, Idaho. Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, and Rhode Island 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... Part 10: Minnesota, New York, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Washington 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200.............................................. :.... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 .................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  165  Table B-21. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by State —Continued State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  6.03 3.81 2.70 1.91 1.71 1.21 .85 .60 .54 .43 .35 .30  8.49 5.37 3.80 2.68 2.40 1.70 1.20 .85 .76 .60 .49 .42  11.89 7.52 5.32 3.76 3.36 2.38 1.68 1.19 1.06 .84 .69 .59  14.42 9.12 6.45 4.56 4.08 2.88 2.04 1.44 1.29 1.02 .83 .72  16.49 10.43 7.38 5.22 4.66 3.30 2.33 1.65 1.47 1.17 .95 .82  18.26 11.55 8.16 5.77 5.16 3.65 2.58 1.83 1.63 1.29 1.05 .91  3.52  4.96  6.98  8.50  9.76  10.85  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 11: Massachusetts, North Carolina, and West Virginia 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 ....................................................  .  21.79 13.78 9.74 6.89 6.16 4.36 3.08 2.18 1.95 1.54 1.26 1.09  24.48 15.48 10.95 7.74 6.92 4.90 3.46 2.45 2.19 1.73 1.41 1.22  26.60 16.82 11.89 8.41 7.52 5.32 3.76 2.66 2.38 1.88 1.53 1.33  13.09  14.89  16.39  Part 12: North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming 2.........................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  166  Table B-22. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin by State State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 20  25  10.42 6.59 4.66  11.59 7.33 5.19  12.44 7.87 5.57  25.48 16.12 11.40 8.07 7.22 5.11 3.62 2.57 2.31 1.83  28.10 17.77 12.57 8.90 7.96 5.64 4.01 2.86 2.57 2.05  28.39 17.97 12.71 9.00 8.06 5.72 4.07 2.92 2.63 2.12  26.45 16.74 11.86 8.41 7.53 5.36 3.84 2.78 2.52 2.06  26.88 17.00 12.02 8.50 7.60 5.38 3.80 2.69 2.40 1.90 1.55 1.34 1.20 .98 .85 .76 .54  29.77 18.83 13.31 9.41 8.42 5.95 4.21 2.98 2.66 2.10 1.72 1.49 1.33 1.09 .94 .84 .59  35.55 22.49 15.90 11.24 10.06 7.11 5.03 3.55 3.18 2.51 2.05 1.78 1.59 1.30 1.12 1.00 .71  39.98 25.29 17.88 12.64 11.31 8.00 5.65 4.00 3.58 2.83 2.31 2.00 1.79 1.46 1.26 1.13 .80  43.47 27.49 19.44 13.75 12.30 8.69 6.15 4.35 3.89 3.07 2.51 2.17 1.94 1.59 1.37 1.23 .87  9.84 6.23 4.40 3.11  11.28 7.13 5.04 3.57  12.51 7.91 5.59 3.95  15.02 9.50 6.71 4.75  16.98 10.74 7.59 5.36  18.58 11.75 8.30 5.86  19.46 12.31 8.70 6.16 5.51 3.89 2.75 1.95 1.74 1.38 1.12 .97  22.26 14.08 9.96 7.04 6.30 4.45 3.15 2.23 1.99 1.57 1.28 1.11  24.65 15.59 11.02 7.79 6.97 4.93 3.49 2.46 2.20 1.74 1.42 1.23  29.43 18.61 13.16 9.31 8.32 5.89 4.16 2.94 2.63 2.08 1.70 1.47  33.08 20.92 14.79 10.46 9.36 6.62 4.68 3.31 2.96 2.34 1.91 1.65  35.96 22.74 16.08 11.37 10.17 7.19 5.08 3.59 3.21 2.54 2.07 1.80  1  2  4  6  8  10  2.95 1.87 1.32  4.15 2.62 1.86  5.79 3.67 2.59  7.01 4.43 3.13  7.99 5.05 3.57  8.81 5.57 3.94  9.33 5.90 4.17 2.95 2.64 1.87 1.32 .93 .84 .66  13.01 8.23 5.82 4.12 3.68 2.60 1.84 1.30 1.17 .92  17.86 11.29 7.99 5.65 5.05 3.57 2.53 1.79 1.60 1.27  21.18 13.40 9.48 6.70 6.00 4.24 3.00 2.13 1.91 1.51  23.64 14.95 10.58 7.48 6.69 4.74 3.35 2.38 2.13 1.69  9.82 6.21 4.39 3.10 2.78 1.96 1.39 .98 .88 .69 .57 .49 .44 .36 .31 .28 .20  13.82 8.74 6.18 4.37 3.91 2.76 1.95 1.38 1.24 .98 .80 .69 .62 .50 .44 .39 .28  19.37 12.25 8.66 6.13 5.48 3.87 2.74 1.94 1.73 1.37 1.12 .97 .87 .71 .61 .55 .39  23.50 14.87 10.51 7.43 6.65 4.70 3.32 2.35 2.10 1.66 1.36 1.18 1.05 .86 .74 .66 .47  4.09 2.59 1.83 1.29  5.77 3.65 2.58 1.82  8.10 5.12 3.62 2.56  8.13 5.14 3.64 2.57 2.30 1.63 1.15 .81 .73 .58 .47 .41  11.45 7.24 5.12 3.62 3.24 2.29 1.62 1.14 1.02 .81 .66 .57  16.04 10.15 7.17 5.07 4.54 3.21 2.27 1.60 1.43 1.13 .93 .80  15  Part 1: Alaska 2......................................................... 10  ...............................................  Part 2: Alabama, Arizona, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Wisconsin 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 400 .................................................... Part 3: California 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... .............................................. 50 200 .................................... 250 .................................................... 400 ................................................. 600 .................................................... 800 ........................................ 1,000 ................................................. 1 500 ................................................. 2 000 ................................................. 2 500 .............................................. 5,000 ................................................. Part 4: Delaware, the District of Columbia, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming 2 .............................................. 5 .................................................. 10 ...................................................... 20 ..................................................... Part 5: Florida, Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 .................................................. 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 400 600 800  ................................................. .............................................. .....................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  167  Table B-22. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin by State —Continued State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  0.36  0.51  0.72  0.87  1.00  1.10  1.31  1.48  1.61  11.17 7.06 5.00 3.53 3.16 2.23  15.74 9.95 7.04 4.98 4.45 3.15  22.09 13.97 9.88 6.98 6.25 4.42  26.84 16.97 12.00 8.49 7.59 5.37  30.75 19.45 13.75 9.72 8.70 6.15  34.10 21.57 15.25 10.78 9.64 6.82  40.91 25.87 18.30 12.94 11.57 8.18  46.23 29.24 20.67 14.62 13.07 9.24  50.54 31.96 22.60 15.98 14.29 10.10  4.60 2.91 2.06 1.46 1.30 .92  6.47 4.09 2.89 2.05 1.83 1.29  9.04 5.72 4.04 2.86 2.56 1.81  10.94 6.92 4.89 3.46 3.09 2.19  12.47 7.89 5.58 3.94 3.53 2.50  13.76 8.70 6.15 4.35 3.89 2.75  16.29 10.30 7.29 5.15 4.61 3.26  18.14 11.47 8.11 5.74 5.13 3.63  19.49 12.33 8.72 6.17 5.52 3.91  5.96 3.77 2.67 1.89 1.69 1.19 .84  8.40 5.31 3.76 2.66 2.38 1.68 1.19  11.79 7.46 5.27 3.73 3.34 2.36 1.67  14.33 9.07 6.41 4.53 4.05 2.87 2.03  16.42 10.39 7.35 5.19 4.65 3.28 2.32  18.22 11.52 8.15 5.76 5.15 3.64 2.58  21.87 13.83 9.78 6.92 6.19 4.37 3.09  24.73 15.64 11.06 7.82 6.99 4.94 3.50  27.05 17.11 12.10 8.55 7.65 5.41 3.82  6.64 4.20 2.97 2.10 1.88 1.33 .94 .66 .59 .47  9.35 5.91 4.18 2.96 2.65 1.87 1.32 .94 .84 .66  13.13 8.30 5.87 4.15 3.71 2.63 1.86 1.31 1.17 .93  15.96 10.09 7.14 5.05 4.51 3.19 2.26 1.60 1.43 1.13  18.28 11.56 8.18 5.78 5.17 3.66 2.59 1.83 1.63 1.29  20.28 12.83 9.07 6.41 5.74 4.06 2.87 2.03 1.81 1.43  24.35 15.40 10.89 7.70 6.89 4.87 3.44 2.43 2.18 1.72  27.53 17.41 12.31 8.71 7.79 5.50 3.89 2.75 2.46 1.94  30.12 19.05 13.47 9.52 8.52 6.02 4.26 3.01 2.69 2.12  5.63 3.56 2.52 1.78 1.59 1.13 .80 .56 .50  7.92 5.01 3.54 2.50 2.24 1.58 1.12 .79 .71  11.06 7.00 4.95 3.50 3.13 2.21 1.56 1.11 .99  13.37 8.46 5.98 4.23 3.78 2.68 1.89 1.34 1.20  15.24 9.64 6.82 4.82 4.31 3.05 2.16 1.53 1.37  16.81 10.63 7.52 5.32 4.76 3.36 2.38 1.68 1.51  19.88 12.57 8.89 6.29 5.62 3.98 2.82 1.99 1.79  22.09 13.97 9.88 6.99 6.25 4.42 3.13 2.22 1.99  23.70 14.99 10.60 7.50 6.71 4.75 3.36 2.39 2.14  Part 5: Florida, Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina 1,000 ................................................. Part 6: Georgia, Indiana, Maryland, Missouri, and Washington 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ................................... ;................. 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... Part 7: Hawaii and Idaho 2........................................................ 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... Part 8: Massachusetts, Nebraska, North Carolina, Utah, and West Virginia 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... Part 9: Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Mississippi, and New Jersey 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... Part 10: Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Rhode Island 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ....................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .......................................... 200 ........................................ 250 .....................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  168  Table B-22. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin by State —Continued State and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  13.67 8.65 6.11 4.32 3.87 2.73 1.93 137 1.22 .97 .79 .68 .61 .50 .43  18.97 12.00 8.48 6.00 5.36 3.79 2.68 1.90 1.70 1.34 1.10 .95 .85 .69 .60  22.77 14.40 10.18 7.20 6.44 4.55 3.22 2.28 2.04 1.61 1.32 1.14 1.02 .83 .72  25.75 16.28 11.51 8.14 7.28 5.15 3.64 2.58 2.30 1.82 1.49 1.29 1.16 .94 .82  28.16 17.81 12.60 8.91 7.97 5.63 3.98 2.82 2.52 1.99 1.63 1.41 1.26 1.03 .90  32.51 20.56 14.54 10.28 9.20 6.50 4.60 3.26 2.91 2.31 1.88 1.63 1.46 1.20 1.04  35.10 22.20 15.70 11.10 9.93 7.02 4.97 3.52 3.15 2.49 2.04 1.77 1.59 1.30 1.13  36.32 22.97 16.24 11.49 10.28 7.27 5.14 3.64 3.26 2.58 2.12 1.84 1.65 1.36 1.18  Part 11: Colorado, Connecticut, Louisiana, Minnesota, New York, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia 2.................................................. 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2,000 ................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9.76 6.17 4.36 3.09 2.76 1.95 1.38 .98 .87 .69 .56 .49 .44 .36 .31  169  Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons by State State and (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  15.58 9.85 6.97 4.93 4.41 3.12 2.20 1.56 1.39 1.10 .90 .78 .70 .57 .49 .44 .31  24.25 15.34 10.85 7.67 6.86 4.85 3.43 2.43 2.17 1.71 1.40 1.21 1.08 .89 .77 .69 .49  44.51 28.15 19.91 14.08 12.59 8.90 6.29 4.45 3.98 3.15 2.57 2.23 1.99 1.63 1.41 1.26 .89  50.99 32.25 22.81 16.13 14.42 10.20 7.21 5.10 4.56 3.61 2.94 2.55 2.28 1.86 1.61 1.44 1.02  54.52 34.48 24.38 17.24 15.42 10.90 7.71 5.45 4.88 3.85 3.15 2.73 2.44 1.99 1.72 1.54 1.09  55.64 35.19 24.88 17.59 15.74 11.13 7.87 5.56 4.98 3.93 3.21 2.78 2.49 2.03 .1.76 1.57 1.11  15.64 9.89 6.99 4.95 4.42 3.13 2.21 1.56 1.40 1.11 .90 .78 .70 .57 .49 .44 .31 .26 .22 .20 .18 .16 .14  24.35 15.40 10.89 7.70 6.89 4.87 3.44 2.43 2.18 1.72 1.41 1.22 1.09 .89 .77 .69 .49 .40 .34 .31 .28 .24 .22  44.69 28.26 19.98 14.13 12.64 8.94 6.32 4.47 4.00 3.16 2.58 2.23 2.00 1.63 1.41 1.26 .89 .73 .63 .57 .52 .45 .40  51.19 32.38 22.89 16.19 14.48 10.24 7.24 5.12 4.58 3.62 2.96 2.56 2.29 1.87 1.62 1.45 1.02 .84 .72 .65 .59 .51 .46  54.73 34.61 24.48 17.31 15.48 10.95 7.74 5.47 4.90 3.87 3.16 2.74 2.45 2.00 1.73 1.55 1.09 .89 .77 .69 .63 .55 .49  55.86 35.33 24.98 17.66 15.80 11.17 7.90 5.59 5.00 3.95 3.22 2.79 2.50 2.04 1.77 1.58 1.12 .91 .79 .71 .64 .56 .50  6.03 3.82 2.70 1.91 1.71 1.21 .85 .60 .54 .43 .35  9.39 5.94 4.20 2.97 2.66 1.88 1.33 .94 .84 .66 .54  17.24 10.90 7.71 5.45 4.88 3.45 2.44 1.72 1.54 1.22 1.00  19.75 12.49 8.83 6.25 5.59 3.95 2.79 1.98 1.77 1.40 1.14  21.11 13.35 9.44 6.68 5.97 4.22 2.99 2.11 1.89 1.49 1.22  21.55 13.63 9.64 6.81 6.10 4.31 3.05 2.15 1.93 1.52 1.24  8.31 5.26 3.72 2.63 2.35 1.66 1.18 .83 .74 .59 .48 .42 .37  12.94 8.18 5.79 4.09 3.66 2.59 1.83 1.29 1.16 .91 .75 .65 .58  23.75 15.02 10.62 7.51 6.72 4.75 3.36 2.37 2.12 1.68 1.37 1.19 1.06  27.21 17.21 12.17 8.60 7.70 5.44 3.85 2.72 2.43 1.92 1.57 1.36 1.22  29.09 18.40 13.01 9.20 8.23 5.82 4.11 2.91 2.60 2.06 1.68 1.45 1.30  29.69 18.78 13.28 9.39 8.40 5.94 4.20 2.97 2.66 2.10 1.71 1.48 1.33  30 or 70  40 or 60  50  Part 1: Alabama, Colorado, Minnesota, New Mexico, and Oklahoma 2 .................................................................................................. 5 ......................................... ........................................................ 10................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ............................................................................................... 100.............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 ......................................................................................... 600 .............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ........................................................................................... 1,500 ........................................................................................... 2,000 ........................................................................................... 2,500 ........................................................................................... 5,000 .......................................................................................... Part 2: Arizona, California, Indiana, Louisiana, Missouri, Oregon, Tennessee, and Wisconsin 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ............................................................................................... 20................................. .............................................................. 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100.............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................. 400 ............................................................................................. 600 ............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ........................................................................................... 1.500 ........................................................................................... 2,000 ........................................................................................ 2,500 ........................................................................................... 5,000 ........................................................................................... 7,500 ........................................................................................... 10,000 ......................................................................................... 12,500 ......................................................................................... 15,000 ...................................................................................... 20,000 .............................................................................. 25,000 ...................................................................................... Part 3: Delaware, the District of Columbia, and Vermont 2 ................................................................ 5 ....................................................................................... 10 ................................................................................................ 20................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. 200 .......................................... 250 .................................................................................... 400 .................................................. 600 ................................ Part 4: Alaska, Maine, New Hampshire, and South Dakota 2 ......................................................... 5.......................................................... 10 ........................................................... 20 ........................................................... 25 ............................................................. 50 .................................................................... 100...................................................................... 200 ............................................................................ 250 ................................................................................... 400 ...................................................................................... 600 ............................................................................................. 800 ................................................... 1,000 ....................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  170  Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons by State—Continued State and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or. 95  9.70  15.10 9.55  27.72 17.53  31.75  33.94  3.07 2.74 1.94 1.37 .97  4.78 4.27 3.02 2.14 1.51  8.76 7.84 5.54 3.92 2.77  10.04 8.98 6.35 4.49 3.18  10.73 9.60 6.79 4.80 3.39  .56 .49 43 .35 .31 .27 .19 .16  .87 .76 .68 .55 .48 .43 .30 .25  1.60 1.39 1.24 1.01 .88 .78 .55 .45  1.83 1.59 1.42 1.16 1.00 .90 .64 .52  1.96 1.70 1.52 1.24 1.07 .96 .68 .55  2.00  11.23 7.10 5.02 3.55 3.18 2.25 1.59 1.12 1.00 .79 .65 .56 .50 .41 .36 .32 .22 .18 .16 .14 .13  17.48 11.05 7.82 5.53 4.94 3.50 2.47 1.75 1.56 1.24 1.01 .87 .78 .64 .55 .49 .35 .29 .25 .22 .20  32.08 20.29 14.35 10.14 9.07 6.42 4.54 3.21 2.87 2.27 1.85 1.60 1.43 1.17 1.01 .91 .64 .52 .45 .41 .37  36.75 23.24 16.44 11.62 10.40 7.35 5.20 3.68 3.29 2.60 2.12 1.84 1.64 1.34 1.16 1.04 .74 .60 .52 .46 .42  39.29 24.85 17.57 12.42 11.11 7.86 5.56 3.93 3.51 2.78 2.27 1.96 1.76 1.43 1.24 1.11 .79 .64 .56 .50 .45  40.10 •25.36 17.93  9.47 5.99 4.24 3.00 2.68 1.89 1.34 .95 .85 .67 .55 .47 .42 .35 .30 .27 .19  14.75 9.33 6.60 4.66 4.17 2.95 2.09 1.47 1.32 1.04 .85 .74 .66 .54 .47 .42  27.07 17.12 12.10 8.56 7.66 5.41 3.83 2.71 2.42 1.91 1.56 1.35 1.21 .99 .86 .77 .54  33.15 20.97 14.82 10.48 9.38 6.63 4.69 3.31 2.96 2.34 1.91 1.66 1.48 1.21 1.05 .94 .66  33.83 21.40 15.13 10.70 9.57 6.77 4.78 3.38 3.03 2.39 1.95 1.69 1.51 1.24 1.07 .96  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  50  Part 5: Nebraska, New Jersey, and West Virginia 2.................................................................................................. 10 ............................................................... 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100.............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 ..................................................................... 400 ........................................................... 600 ............................................................................................... 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ............................................................................................ 1,500 ............................................................................................ 2,000 ........................................................................................ 2,500 ............................................................................................ 5,000 .......................................................................................... 7,500 .................................................................................  34.64 21.91 15.49 10.96 9.80 6.93 4.90 3.46 3.10 2.45 1.73 1.55 1.27 1.10  .98 .69 .57  Part 6: Arkansas, Connecticut, Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, Nevada, New York, and Utah 2 .......................................................................... 5 ............................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................. 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................. 50 ................................................................................................. 100............................................................................................... 200 ............................................................................................... 250 ............................................................................................... 400 .............................................................................................. 600 ............................................................................................... 800 ............................................................................................... 1,000 ............................................................. 1,500 ............................................................................................ 2,000 ............................................................................................ 2,500 ............................................................................................ 5,000 ............................................................................................ 7,500 ............................................................................................ 10.000 .............................................................. 12,500 ........................................................................................ 15,000 ............................................................  12.68  11.34 8.02  5.67 4.01 3.59 2.84 2.32 2.01  1.79 1.46 1.27 1.13 .80 .65 .57 .51 .46  Part 7: Hawaii, Idaho, Massachusetts, Montana, and North Carolina 2................................................................... 10...................................................................... 25................................................................................................. 50 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 ............................................................................................... 600 .............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ............................................................................................ 1,500 ............................................................................................ 2,000 ............................................................................................ 2,500 ........................................................................................... 5,000 .............................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  29  171  31.01 19.61 13.87 9.81 8.77 6.20 4.39 3.10 2.77 2.19 1.79 1.55 1.39 1.13 .98 .88 .62  .68  Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons by State—Continued State and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 50  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  12.72 8.04 5.69 4.02 3.60 2.54 1.80 1.27 1.14 .90 .73 .64 .57 .46 .40 .36 .25 .21 .18  19.80 12.52 8.86 6.26 5.60 3.96 2.80 1.98 1.77 1.40 1.14 .99 .89 .72 .63 .56 .40 .32 .28  36.34 22.98 16.25 11.49 10.28 7.27 5.14 3.63 3.25 2.57 2.10 1.82 1.63 1.33 1.15 1.03 .73 .59 .51  41.63 26.33 18.62 13.17 11.78 8.33 5.89 4.16 3.72 2.94 2.40 2.08 1.86 1.52 1.32 1.18 .83 .68 .59  44.51 28.15 19.91 14.07 12.59 8.90 6.29 4.45 3.98 3.15 2.57 2.23 1.99 1.63 1.41 1.26 .89 .73 .63  45.43 28.73 20.32 14.37 12.85 9.09 6.42 4.54 4.06 3.21 2.62 2.27 2.03  7.40 4.68 3.31 2.34 2.09 1.48 1.05 .74 .66 .52 .43 .37  11.52 7.29 5.15 3.64 3.26 2.30 1.63 1.15 1.03 .81 .67 .58  21.14 13.37 9.45 6.69 5.98 4.23 2.99 2.11 1.89 1.49 1.22 1.06  24.22 15.32 10.83 7.66 6.85 4.84 3.43 2.42 2.17 1.71 1.40 1.21  25.89 16.38 11.58 8.19 7.32 5.18 3.66 2.59 2.32 1.83 1.49 1.29  26.43 16.71 11.82 8.36 7.47 5.29 3.74 2.64 2.36 1.87 1.53 1.32  20.51 12.97 9.17 6.48 5.80 4.10 2.90 2.05 1.83 1.45 1.18 1.03 .92 .75 .65 .58 .41 .33 .29 .26  31.92 20.19 14.28 10.09 9.03 • 6.38 4.51 3.19 2.86 2.26 1.84 1.60 1.43 1.17 1.01 .90 .64 .52 .45 .40  58.59 37.05 26.20 18.53 16.57 11.72 8.29 5.86 5.24 4.14 3.38 2.93 2.62 2.14 1.85 1.66 1.17 .96 .83 .74  67.12 42.45 30.02 21.23 18.98 13.42 9.49 6.71 6.00 4.75 3.88 3.36 3.00 2.45 2.12 1.90 1.34 1.10 .95 .85  71.75 45.38 32.09 22.69 20.30 14.35 10.15 7.18 6.42 5.07 4.14 3.59 3.21 2.62 2.27 2.03 1.44 1.17 1.01 .91  73.23 46.32 32.75 23.16 20.71 14.65 10.36 7.32 6.55 5.18 4.23 3.66 3.28 2.67 2.32 2.07 1.46  22.05 13.94 9.86 6.97 6.24 4.41 3.12 2.20 1.97 1.56 1.27 1.10 .99 .81 .70 .62 .44  34.32 21.71 15.35 10.85 9.71 6.86 4.85 3.43 3.07 2.43 1.98 1.72 1.53 1.25 1.09 .97 .69  62.99 39.84 28.17 19.92 17.82 12.60 8.91 6.30 5.63 4.45 3.64 3.15 2.82 2.30 1.99 1.78 1.26  72.16 45.64 32.27 22.82 20.41 14.43 10.21 7.22 6.45 5.10 4.17 3.61 3.23 2.64 2.28 2.04 1.44  77.15 48.79 34.50 24.40 21.82 15.43 10.91 7.71 6.90 5.46 4.45 3.86 3.45 2.82 2.44 2.18 1.54  78.74 49.80 35.21 24.90 22.27 15.75 11.14 7.87 7.04 5.57 4.55 3.94 3.52  2 or 98  Part 8: Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina 2 ....... 5 ......... 10 ....... 20 ....... 25 ....... 50 ...... 100 . 200 .... 250 .... 400 .... 600 .... 800 .... 1,000 .. 1.500 .. 2,000  ..  2.500 .. 5.000 .. 7.500 .. 10.000  1.66  1.44 1.28 .91 .74 .64  Part 9: North Dakota, Rhode Island, and Wyoming 2  ....  5 .... 10  .  20  ..  25 .. 50 .. 100 200  250 400 600 800 Part 10: Georgia, Maryland, Texas, and Washington 2 ........... 5 .......... 10 ......... 20 .......... 25 ......... 50 ......... 100 ...... 200 ...... 250 ...... 400 ...... 600 ...... 800 ...... 1,000 .... 1.500 .... 2,000 .... 2.500 .... 5.000 ... 7.500 .... 10.000 . 12.500 .  1.20  1.04 .93  Part 11: Virginia 2 .... 5 ...... 10  20  .. ..  25 .. 50 .... 100  ..  200  ...  250 ... 400 600 800 ... 1.000  1.500 2.000  2.500 5,000   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  172  2.88  2.49 2.23 1.57  Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by State and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 30 or 70  Part 1: Alaska 2  ...  5 ... 10 . 20 .  3.11 1.97 1.39 .98  4.85 3.07 2.17 1.53  8.90 5.63 3.98 2.81  10.19 6.45 4.56 3.22  10.90 6.89 4.87 3.45  11.12  9.74 6.16 4.35 3.08 2.75 1.95 1.38 .97 .87 .69 .56 .49 .44 .36  15.16 9.59 6.78 4.79 4.29 3.03 2.14 1.52 1.36 1.07  .55  1.02  31.87 20.16 14.25 10.08 9.01 6.37 4.51 3.19 2.85 2.25 1.84 1.59 1.43 1.16  34.07 21.55 15.24 10.77 9.64 6.81 4.82 3.41 3.05 2.41 1.97 1.70 1.52 1.24  34.78 21.99 15.55  .68  27.82 17.60 12.44 8.80 7.87 5.56 3.93 2.78 2.49 1.97 1.61 1.39 1.24  4.22 2.67 1.89 1.33 1.19 .84 .60  6.57 4.15 2.94 2.08  12.05 7.62 5.39 3.81 3.41 2.41 1.70  13.81 8.73 6.18 4.37 3.91 2.76 1.95  14.76 9.34 6.60 4.67 4.18 2.95 2.09  15.07 9.53 6.74 4.76 4.26 3.01 2.13  4.18 2.65 1.87 1.32 1.18 .84 .59 .42 .37 .30  6.51 4.12 2.91 2.06 1.84 1.30 .92 .65 .58 .46  11.96 7.56 5.35 3.78 3.38 2.39 1.69  13.70  14.64 9.26 6.55 4.63 4.14 2.93 2.07 1.46 1.31 1.04  14.95 9.45  6.13 4.33 3.87 2.74 1.94 1.37 1.23 .97  9.36 5.92 4.19 2.96 2.65 1.87 1.32 .94 .84  14.58 9.22 6.52 4.61 4.12 2.92 2.06 1.46 1.30 1.03 .84 .73 .65 .53  26.75 16.92 11.96 8.46 7.57 5.35 3.78  1.20  30.65 19.38 13.71 9.69 8.67 6.13 4.33 3.06 2.74 2.17 1.77 1.53 1.37  .98  32.76 20.72 14.65 10.36 9.27 6.55 4.63 3.28 2.93 2.32 1.89 1.64 1.47  1.12  33.44 21.15 14.95 10.57 9.46 6.69 4.73 3.34 2.99 2.36 1.93 1.67 1.50  1.20  1.22  7.03 4.97 3.52  Part 2: California, Maryland, and South Carolina 2 ....... 5 .......  ... ...  10 20  25 ..... 50 ..... 100 200  ....  250 400 600 800  .... .... .... ....  ...  1,000  .  1,500 .  .88  .76  11.00  9.84 6.96 4.92 3.48 3.11 2.46 2.01  1.74 1.56 1.27  Part 3: Delaware and Montana 2 .....  5 .... 10 ... 20 ...  25 ... 50 ... 100 .  1.86  1.31 .93  Part 4: The District of Columbia, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming 2 .. 5 .... 10 20  ... ...  25 ... 50 ... 100 200  . .  250 . 400 .  1.20  1.07 .85  8.66  6.68  4.73 4.23 2.99 2.11  1.49 1.34 1.06  Part 5: Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, and Oregon 2 ... 5 ..... 10 20  .... ....  25 .... 50 .... 100 200  ..  250 400 600 800  .. .. ... ...  ..  1,000  1,500   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  .66  .54 .47 .42 .34  173  2.68  2.39 1.89 1.54 1.34  Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by State —Continued State and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 50  2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  18.09 11.44 8.09 5.72 5.12 3.62 2.56 1.81 1.62 1.28 1.04 .90 .81 .66  28.16 17.81 12.59 8.90 7.96 5.63 3.98 2.82 2.52 1.99 1.63 1.41 1.26 1.03  51.67 32.68 23.11 16.34 14.62 10.33 7.31 5.17 4.62 3.65 2.98 2.58 2.31 1.89  59.20 37.44 26.47 18.72 16.74 11.84 8.37 5.92 5.29 4.19 3.42 2.96 2.65 2.16  63.29 40.03 28.30 20.01 17.90 12.66 8.95 6.33 5.66 4.48 3.65 3.16 2.83 2.31  64.59 40.85 28.89 20.43 18.27 12.92 9.13 6.46 5.78 4.57 3.73 3.23 2.89 2.36  14.59 9.23 6.53 4.61 4.13 2.92 2.06 1.46 1.31 1.03 .84 .73 .65  22.72 14.37 10.16 7.18 6.43 4.54 3.21 2.27 2.03 1.61 1.31 1.14 1.02  41.69 26.37 18.65 13.18 11.79 8.34 5.90 4.17 3.73 2.95 2.41 2.08 1.86  47.77 30.21 21.36 15.10 13.51 9.55 6.76 4.78 4.27 3.38 2.76 2.39 2.14  51.06 32.30 22.84 16.15 14.44 10.21 7.22 5.11 4.57 3.61 2.95 2.55 2.28  52.12 32.96 23.31 16.48 14.74 10.42 7.37 5.21 4.66 3.69 3.01 2.61 2.33  6.09 3.85 2.73 1.93 1.72 1.22 .86 .61  9.49 6.00 4.24 3.00 2.68 1.90 1.34 .95  17.41 11.01 7.79 5.51 4.92 3.48 2.46 1.74  19.95 12.61 8.92 6.31 5.64 3.99 2.82 1.99  21.32 13.49 9.54 6.74 6.03 4.26 3.02 2.13  21.76 13.76 9.73 6.88 6.16 4.35 3.08 2.18  5.46 3.45 2.44 1.73 1.54 1.09 .77  8.50 5.37 3.80 2.69 2.40 1.70 1.20  15.59 9.86 6.97 4.93 4.41 3.12 2.20  17.86 11.30 7.99 5.65 5.05 3.57 2.53  19.10 12.08 8.54 6.04 5.40 3.82 2.70  19.49 12.33 8.72 6.16 5.51 3.90 2.76  6.78 4.29 3.03 2.14 1.92 1.36 .96 .68 .61 .48 .39 .34  10.56 6.68 4.72 3.34 2.99 2.11 1.49 1.06 .94 .75 .61 .53  19.38 12.26 8.67 6.13 5.48 3.88 2.74 1.94 1.73 1.37 1.12 .97  22.20 14.04 9.93 7.02 6.28 4.44 3.14 2.22 1.99 1.57 1.28 1.11  23.73 15.01 10.61 7.51 6.71 4.75 3.36 2.37 2.12 1.68 1.37 1.19  24.22 15.32 10.83 7.66 6.85 4.84 3.43 2.42 2.17 1.71 1.40 1.21  Part 6: Alabama, Georgia, and Virginia  10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 .............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ........................................................................................... 1,500 ........................................................................................... Part 7: Kentucky, Louisiana, and Tennessee 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ......... ........................... ..................................................... Part 8: Idaho and Massachusetts 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. Part 9: Nebraska, Nevada, and Utah 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. Part 10: New Jersey and New Mexico 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ............................................................................................... 50 ............................................................................................... 100 ............................................................................................. 200 ............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................. 400 ............................................................................................. 600 ............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ________  174  Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by State —Continued State and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 50  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  7.85 4.96 3.51 2.48 2.22 1.57 1.11 .79 .70 .56 .45 .39 .35 .29 .25  12.22 7.73 5.47 3.86 3.46 2.44 1.73 1.22 1.09 .86 .71 .61 .55 .45 .39  22.43 14.19 10.03 7.09 6.34 4.49 3.17 2.24 2.01 1.59 1.29 1.12 1.00 .82 .71  25.70 16.25 11.49 8.13 7.27 5.14 3.63 2.57 2.30 1.82 1.48 1.28 1.15 .94 .81  27.47 17.37 12.28 8.69 7.77 5.49 3.88 2.75 2.46 1.94 1.59 1.37 1.23 1.00 .87  28.04 17.73 12.54 8.87 7.93 5.61 3.96 2.80 2.51 1.98 1.62 1.40 1.25 1.02 .89  8.11 5.13 3.63 2.56 2.29 1.62 1.15 .81 .73 .57 .47 .41 .36 .30  12.62 7.98 5.64 3.99 3.57 2.52 1.78 1.26 1.13 .89 .73 .63 .56 .46  23.16 14.65 10.36 7.32 6.55 4.63 3.28 2.32 2.07 1.64 1.34 1.16 1.04 .85  26.54 16.78 11.87 8.39 7.51 5.31 3.75 2.65 2.37 1.88 1.53 1.33 1.19 .97  28.37 17.94 12.69 8.97 8.02 5.67 4.01 2.84 2.54 2.01 1.64 1.42 1.27 1.04  28.95 18.31 12.95 9.16 8.19 5.79 4.09 2.90 2.59 2.05 1.67 1.45 1.29 1.06  5.17 3.27 2.31 1.64 1.46 1.03  8.05 5.09 3.60 2.55 2.28 1.61  14.78 9.35 6.61 4.67 4.18 2.96  16.93 10.71 7.57 5.35 4.79 3.39  18.10 11.45 8.10 5.72 5.12 3.62  18.48 11.69 8.26 5.84 5.23 3.70  11.55 7.31 5.17 3.65 3.27 2.31 1.63 1.16 1.03 .82 .67 .58 .52 .42  17.98 11.37 8.04 5.69 5.09 3.60 2.54 1.80 1.61 1.27 1.04 .90 .80 .66  33.00 20.87 14.76 10.44 9.33 6.60 4.67 3.30 2.95 2.33 1.91 1.65 1.48 1.21  37.81 23.91 16.91 11.96 10.69 7.56 5.35 3.78 3.38 2.67 2.18 1.89 1.69 1.38  40.42 25.56 18.08 12.78 11.43 8.08 5.72 4.04 3.62 2.86 2.33 2.02 1.81 1.48  41.25 26.09 18.45 13.04 11.67 8.25 5.83 4.13 3.69 2.92 2.38 2.06 1.84 1.51  2 or 98 •  Part 11: Connecticut, Kansas, Minnesota, Mississippi, New York, and Washington 2 ................................................................................................... 5 ................................................................................................... 10 ................................................................................................. 20 ................................................................................................. 25 ................................................................................................. 50 ................................................................................................ 100............................................................................................... 200 .............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................... 400 ............................................................................................... 600 .............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ............................................................................................ 1,500 ............................................................................................ 2,000 ............................................................................................ Part 12: Iowa, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia 2 ................................................................................................... 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100............................................................................................... 200 .............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................... 400 ............................................................................................... 600 .............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ........................................................................................... 1,500 ........................................................................................... Part 13: Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................. 20 ................................................................................................. 25 ................................................................................................. 50 ....................................................... ......................................... Part 14: Arkansas, Indiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas, and Wisconsin 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10................................................................................................. 20................................................................................................. 25 ................................................................................................. 50................................................................................................. 100............................................................................................... 200 ............................................................................................... 250 ............................................................................................... 400 ............................................................................................... 600 ............................................................................................... 800 ............................................................................................... 1,000 ............................................................................................ 1,500 ............................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  175  Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin by State State and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  4.54 2.87 2.03  7.06 4.47 3.16  21.98 13.90 9.83 6.95 6.22 4.40 3.11 2.20 1.97 1.55 1.27  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  12.97 8.20 5.80  14.85 9.40 6.64  15.88 10.04 7.10  16.21 10.25 7.25  34.22 21.64 15.30 10.82 9.68 6.84 4.84 3.42 3.06 2.42 1.98  62.80 39.72 28.08 19.86 17.76 12.56 8.88 6.28 5.62 4.44 3.63  71.95 45.50 32.18 22.75 20.35 14.39 10.17 7.19 6.44 5.09 4.15  76.91 48.64 34.40 24.32 21.75 15.38 10.88 7.69 6.88 5.44 4.44  78.50 49.65 35.11 24.82 22.20 15.70 11.10 7.85 7.02 5.55 4.53^  13 04 8.25 5.83 4.12 3.69 2.61 1.84 1.30 1.17 .92 .75 .65 .58 .48 .41 .37 .26  20.30 12.84 9.08 6.42 5.74 4.06 2.87 2.03 1.82 1.44 1.17 1.01 .91 .74 .64 .57 .41  37.25 23.56 16.66 11.78 10.54 7.45 5.27 3.73 3.33 2.63 2.15 1.86 1.67 1.36 1.18 1.05 .75  42.68 26.99 19.09 13.50 12.07 8.54 6.04 4.27 3.82 3.02 2.46 2.13 1.91 1.56 1.35 1.21 .85  45.62 28.86 20.40 14.43 12.90 9.12 6.45 4.56 4.08 3.23 2.63 2.28 2.04 1.67 1.44 1.29 .91  46.56 29.45 20.82 14.73 13.17 9.31 6.59 4.66 4.16 3.29 2.69 2.33 2.08 1.70 1.47 1.32 .93  4.92 3.11 2.20 1.55 1.39  7.65 4.84 3.42 2.42 2.16  14.04 8.88 6.28 4.44 3.97  16.09 10.18 7.20 5.09 4.55  17.20 10.88 7.69 5.44 4.86  17.55 11.10 7.85 5.55 4.97  10.86 6.87 4.86 3.43 3.07 2.17 1.54 1.09 .97 .77 .63 .54 .49 .40  16.90 10.69 7.56 5.35 4.78 3.38 2.39 1.69 1.51 1.20 .98 .85 .76 .62  31.03 19.62 13.88 9.81 8.78 6.21 4.39 3.10 2.78 2.19 1.79 1.55 1.39 1.13  35.54 22.48 15.90 11.24 10.05 7.11 5.03 3.55 3.18 2.51 2.05 1.78 1.59 1.30  38.00 24.03 16.99 12.02 10.75 7.60 5.37 3.80 3.40 2.69 2.19 1.90 1.70 1.39  38.78 24.53 17.34 12.26 10.97 7.76 5.48 3.88 3.47 2.74 2.24 1.94 1.73 1.42  13.48 8.52 6,03 4.26 3.81 2.70 1.91  20.98 13.27 9.38 6.64 5.93 4.20 2.97  38.51 24.35 17.22 12.18 10.89 7.70 5.45  44.12 27.90 19.73 13.95 12.48 8.82 6.24  47.16 29.83 21.09 14.91 13.34 9.43 6.67  48.14 30.44 21.53 15.22 13.61 9.63 6.81  50  Part 1: Alaska, North Dakota, and Vermont 2 ................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ Part 2: Arizona and Washington 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ............................................................................................... 25................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 ............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 .............................................................................................. Part 3: California and Colorado 2 .................................................................................................. 5 ................................................................................................. 10 ............................................................................................... 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ............................................................................................. 50 ............................................................................................... 100 .............................................................................................. 200............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 .............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 .......................................................................................... 1.500 ........................................................................................... 2,000 ........................................................................................... 2,500 .......................................................................................... 5,000 ........................................................................................... Part 4: Delaware and the District of Columbia 2 ................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10................................................................................... 20................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ Part 5: Alabama, Florida, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, and Ohio 2 ................................................................................................. 5 ................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. 200 .................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 ........................................................................ 600 ................................................. 800 ....................................................... 1.000 ..................................... 1.500 .......... Part 6: Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, and Oregon 2 ................................................. 5 ................................................................................... 10 ................................................................................. 20 .............................................................................. 25 .......................................................................................... 50 ............................................................................................. 100 .............................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  176  Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin by State—Continued State and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 30 or 70  40 or 60  50  2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  7.16 4.53 3.20 2.26 2.02 1.43 1.01 .72  11.14 7.05 4.98 3.52 3.15 2.23 1.58 1.11  20.45 12.93 9.14 6.47 5.78 4.09 2.89 2.04  23.43 14.82 10.48 7.41 6.63 4.69 3.31 2.34  25.04 15.84 11.20 7.92 7.08 5.01 3.54 2.50  25.56 16.17 11.43 8.08 7.23 5.11 3.61 2.56  7.97 5.04 3.56 2.52 2.25 1.59 1.13 .80 .71 .56 .46  12.40 7.84 5.55 3.92 3.51 2.48 1.75 1.24 1.11 .88 .72  22.76 14.39 10.18 7.20 6.44 4.55 3.22 2.28 2.04 1.61 1.31  26.08 16.49 11.66 8.25 7.38 5.22 3.69 2.61 2.33 1.84 1.51  27.88 17.63 12.47 8.82 7.88 5.58 3.94 2.79 2.49 1.97 1.61  28.45 17.99 12.72 9.00 8.05 5.69 4.02 2.85 2.54 2.01 1.64  9.15 5.79 4.09 2.89 2.59 1.83 1.29 .92 .82 .65 .53 .46 .41 .33  14.25 9.01 6.37 4.51 4.03 2.85 2.01 1.42 1.27 1.01 .82 .71 .64 .52  26.15 16.54 11.69 8.27 7.40 5.23 3.70 2.61 2.34 1.85 1.51 1.31 1.17 .95  29.95 18.95 13.40 9.47 8.47 5.99 4.24 3.00 2.68 2.12 1.73 1.50 1.34 1.09  32.02 20.25 14.32 10.13 9.06 6.40 4.53 3.20 2.86 2.26 1.85 1.60 1.43 1.17  32.68 20.67 14.62 10.34 9.24 6.54 4.62 3.27 2.92 2.31 1.89 1.63 1.46 1.19  9.69 6.13 4.33 3.07 2.74 1.94 1.37 .97  15.09 9.54 6.75 4.77 4.27 3.02 2.13 1.51  27.69 17.52 12.39 8.76 7.83 5.54 3.92 2.77  31.73 20.07 14.19 10.03 8.97 6.35 4.49 3.17  33.92 21.45 15.17 10.73 9.59 6.78 4.80 3.39  34.62 21.89 15.48 10.95 9.79 6.92 4.90 3.46  6.08 3.84 2.72 1.92  9.46 5.98 4.23 2.99  17.36 10.98 7.76 5.49  19.89 12.58 8.89 6.29  21.26 13.45 9.51 6.72  21.70 13.72 9.70 6.86  Part 7: Idaho, Massachusetts, Nevada, North Carolina, and West Virginia 2 ................................................................................................... 5 ................................................................................................... 10 ................................................................................................. 20 ................................................................................................. 25 ................................................................................................. 50................................................................................................. 100 .............................................................................................. 200 ............................................................................................... Part 8: Arkansas, Mississippi, New Jersey, and New Mexico 2 ................................................................................................... 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................. 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 .............................................................................................. Part 9: Connecticut, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wisconsin 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ............................................................................................... 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 .............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 .............................................................................................. 600 .............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ............................................................................................ 1,500 ............................................................................................ Part 10: Michigan, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Utah 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100.............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. Part 11: Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and South Dakota 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10................................................................................................ 20................................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  177  Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin by State—Continued State and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  50  2 or 98  5 or 95  1.72  2.68  4.91  5.63  6.01  6.14  18.63 11.78 8.33 5.89 5.27 3.73 2.63 1.86 1.67 1.32 1.08 .93 .83 .68 .59 .53 .37  29.00 18.34 12.97 9.17 8.20 5.80 4.10 2.90 2.59 2.05 1.67 1.45 1.30 1.06 .92 .82 .58  53.22 33.66 23.80 16.83 15.05 10.64 7.53 5.32 4.76 3.76 3.07 2.66 2.38 1.94 1.68 1.51 1.06  60.97 38.56 27.27 19.28 17.24 12.19 8.62 6.10 5.45 4.31 3.52 3.05 2.73 2.23 1.93 1.72 1.22  65.18 41.22 29.15 20.61 18.44 13.04 9.22 6.52 5.83 4.61 3.76 3.26 2.91 2.38 2.06 1.84 1.30  66.52 42.07 29.75 21.04 18.82 13.30 9.41 6.65 5.95 4.70 3.84 3.33 2.97 2.43 2.10 1.88 1.33  5.36 3.39 2.40 1.69  8.34 5.28 3.73 2.64  15.31 9.68 6.85 4.84  17.54 11.09 7.84 5.55  18.75 11.86 8.39 5.93  19.14 12.10 8.56 6.05  Part 11: Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and South Dakota 25 ................................................................................................ Part 12: Texas 2 ................................................................................................. 5 ................................................................................................. 10 ............................................................................................... 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ............................................................................................... 50 ............................................................................................... 100 ............................................................................................. 200 ............................................................................................. 250 .............................................................................................. 400 ............................................................................................. 600 ............................................................................................. 800 .............................................................................................. 1.000 ........................................................................................... 1.500 ........................................................................................... 2,000 ........................................................................................... 2,500 .......................................................................................... 5.000 ........................................................................................... Part 13: Montana and Wyoming 2 ................................................................................................. 5 ................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  __________  178  Table B-26. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities (In thousands)  Estimated level 2  5  10  20  25  50  100  200  250  2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1  3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 2  4 5 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 4 3  6 7 6 4 4 5 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4  7 7 7 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 6 5 6 5  10 10 10 6 7 8 7 7 7 9 8 7  15 14 8 11 10 _ 12 10  15 17 13  _ 17 _ -  2  2  3  5  5  7  2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 1  3 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 2 2  4 4 5 4 3 4 4 3 4 4 3 4 3 3  6 5 7 6 5 5 5 5 5 6 5 6 5 4  6 6 7 6 5 6 6 5 6 6 5 6 5 4  9 10 9 7 8 9 9 7 9 7 6  12 12 10 10 _ 13 10 -  17 15 14 _  - k 16 _ 16 _  2 2 1 1 2 2 2  3 3 2 2 3 2 2  4 4 3 3 4 3 3  6 6 5 5 5 5 5  6 7 5 5 6 5 5  9 10 7 8 8 8  _ 10 11 -  _ -  _ -  1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  2 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 3  2 4 3 4 4 2 4 4 4 4 4 3 4  3 6 5 6 6 3 5 6 6 6 6 5 6  4 7 7 7 4 6 7 7 7 7 5 6  5 9 9 9 8 10 9 9 9 8 9  _ _ 13 12 13 13 10 12  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _  2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2  3 2 2 3 2 3 3 2 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3  4 3 3 4 3 4 5 3 4 3 3 4 4 4 4 4  6 5 5 5 4 5 7 5 5 5 5 5 6 5 6 6  7 5 5 6 5 6 7 5 6 5 5 6 6 7 7  10 8 7 8 7 9 7 8 7 7 8 8 -  11 9 12 10 10 -  15 _ _ 14 _ 14 _  _  _  -  -  Metropolitan areas:1 Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA........... Atlanta ............................................ Baltimore ........................................ Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................. Boston PMSA................................ Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ........ Chicago PMSA .............................. Cincinnati PMSA ........................... Cleveland PMSA ............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA................... Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA ............... Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA ............................................ Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA ......................... Minneapolis-St. Paul....................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .................. New Orleans................................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.............................................. Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA..................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA ............................................ Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis .......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA .................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  -  Cities: Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit.............................................. Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York ........................................ Philadelphia..................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis .......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ................................  1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _ _ _ _ 16 _ _ _ _  -  Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary Definitions”.  179  Table B-27. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities (In thousands)  2  5  2 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1  10  20  25  50  100  3 4 3 2 2 2 2 3 3 2 2 3 2 3 2  5 5 _ 3 3 3 4 4 3 3 4 4 3  7 7  8 7 _  11 10  _  8  11  2  3  4  2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1  3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 2  2 2 2 2 2 2 2  200  Metropolitan areas:1 Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Atlanta ............................................. Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Boston PMSA ................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA .............. Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA .................. Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA .............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA ............................................ Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA ........................... Minneapolis-St. Paul ...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.............................................. Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA ..................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA ............................................ Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis.......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden .................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA .................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  1 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  _ _  _  _  _  5 5 5  6 5  8  6 _ _ 5  6  9  _ 5  7  4 5 4 4 _ 4 4 4 4 3 4 3 3  6 _ 6 5 _ 6 5 6 _ _ 6 5 4  6 _  3 3 2 2 3 3 3  4 5 4 3  6 5  6  _  _  _  4  _  _  _  _  3  5  _ _  10  9  _  6  8  _ _  6  8  _ _  _  7 5  8  7  10  11  15  -  _  _  _  3 3  _  _  4  6  7  -  _  _  3 3 3  _  _  _ _  5 5  16  8  10  _ _  _  _  _  3 3 3  4 4 4  5 6  3 3 2 3 2 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 3  5 4 3 4 3 4 5 4 4 3 4  _  _  _  5 6 5 5  6  8  _  _  5  6  _ _  7  -  -  7 6  10 8  11  Cities:  Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas.............................................. Detroit.............................................. Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................... Milwaukee ...................................... New York ........................... Philadelphia.................................... Phoenix............... St. Louis ............ San Antonio.... San Diego ......... San Francisco ....  2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  _  _ _  3  5  _________  1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA's) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7 5 5 6 5 6  -  _  _  5 6  7 9  10  _  5 6  8 8  11  15  -  -  -  -  Areas (PMSA's). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary Definitions”.  180  Table B-28. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin by selected metropolitan areas and cities (In thousands)  ____________________________ Estimated level Area  10  5  2  20  25  “ ~  " “ — “ “ 6 -  50  100  Metropolitan areas:1 Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA................... Atlanta .................................................... Baltimore .............................................. Bergen-Passaic PMSA .......................... Boston PMSA ..................................... Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA................ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ................ Chicago PMSA ....................................... Cincinnati PMSA..................................... Cleveland PMSA .................................... Columbus, Ohio...................................... Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA....................... Dayton-Springfield.................................. Denver-Boulder CMSA .......................... Detroit PMSA......................................... Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach PMSA ....................................... Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA ................................................... Houston PMSA...................................... Indianapolis............................................ Kansas City............................................ Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA.......... Louisville ......................................... ........ Memphis................................................. Miami-Hialeah PMSA............................. Milwaukee PMSA ................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul .............................. Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ........................... New Orleans.......................................... New York PMSA .................................... Newark PMSA ....................................... Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News . Oakland PMSA...................................... Oklahoma City........................................ Philadelphia PMSA................................. Phoenix................................................... Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA........... Portland, Ore. PMSA ............................ Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA ................................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ......... Rochester............................................... Sacramento............................................ St. Louis ................................................. Salt Lake City-Ogden ............................ San Antonio........................................... San Diego ..................... ......................... San Francisco PMSA ............................ San Jose PMSA.................................... Seattle PMSA ........................................ Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater........ Washington D.C......................................  2 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1  3 2 3 3 3 2  5 “ 4 4 4 -  ~ “ 6 ~  2  3  -  -  -  -  -  6 “ 5 -  6  9 —  -  2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  _ 3 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 3 -  1 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  _ 3 3 -  2 3 3 3 3 3 ■  _ 4 4 “ 4 3 3 5 4 _ 5 5 4 5 5 5 -  ~  5-  5  5-  “ “ “ ~  “ — “ . “ — —  6  8  ~ 6~  -  ~ “ 5 ~ -  "  8  " -  “ 5 ~ -  -  6 6 6 '  ~ ~ ~ 6 -  -  “  ~  “ “ “  " “ -  ~ “ “  5 6 5 5 “ 6 -  “ 6 ~ 5 ~ 6 _  “ ”  ”  -  “  “  “  Cities: Baltimore................................................ Chicago ..... ............................................. Cleveland ............................................... Dallas...................................................... Detroit..................................................... Houston.................................................. Indianapolis............................................ Los Angeles........................................... Milwaukee.......................................... New York ............................................... Philadelphia............................................ Phoenix................................................... St. Louis ............................................... San Antonio ........................................... San Diego .............................................. San Francisco........................................  2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  3 3 -  3 2  4 4 4 4  -  -  2 3 3 3 3 3  3 4 4 5 5  ' All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA's) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7 " ~ _ 9 “  _ 11 “ _ ~ “  Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, ‘‘Geographic Boundary Definitions”.  181  Table B-29. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities (In thousands)  5  10  20  25  50  100  200  250  400  600  800  1,000  1,500  2,000  31 36 32 13 20  31 37 32 _ 21  21 33 22  11  19  12  2,500  5,000  Metropolitan areas:1 Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Atlanta ......................... Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA .................. Boston PMSA ................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................ Cleveland PMSA............................ Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield.......................... Denver-Boulder CMSA.................. Detroit PMSA............................ Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA ............... Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA ............................................ Houston PMSA............................... Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City..................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis.......................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA........................... Minneapolis-St. Paul...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ................... New Orleans................................... New York PMSA............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.............................................. Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................ Philadelphia PMSA ........................ Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA ..................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA ............................................ Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis .......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden .................... San Antonio................................... San Diego....................................... San Francisco PMSA .................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA .......................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  3 4 3 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2  5 5 5 3 3 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3  3  7 7 7 4 4 5 4 5 5 5 5 6 5 6 5  7 8 8 5 4 6 4 6 6 6 6 7 6 6 5  10 11 11 7 6 8 6 8 8 8 8 9 8 9 7  15 16 15 9 9 11 8 12 11 11 11 13 11 12 10  20 22 21 12 12 14 11 17 15 15 14 18 14 17 15  22 24 23 14 13 15 12 18 16 16 16 20 14 18 16  26 29 27 15 16 17 12 23 19 19 18 25 15 21 20  30 34 31 16 18 17 10 27 19 21 17 29 10 23 24  _  _  31 16 21 14 32 _ 23 26  34 _ 20  38  41  41  34  35  31  18  21 28  _ 31  31  28  4  5  6  8  11  15  16  18  17  11  3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2  4 4 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3  6 6 7 6 5 6 6 5 6 6 5 6 5 4  7 7 8 7 6 7 7 6 7 7 6 7 6 5  9 9 11 10 8 9 9 8 9 10 8 10 8 7  13 13 15 13 12 12 13 11 13 14 11 13 11 9  17 18 21 18 16 16 16 16 17 19 15 18 15 13  18 20 22 19 18 17 17 17 19 21 17 19 17 14  20 25 25 22 22 17 19 20 21 25 20 22 22 17  18 29 25 24 27 10 15 22 22 28 24 22 26 18  9 31 20 22 31  33  32  25  3 3 3 3 3 3 3  5 5 4 4 4 4 4  6 7 5 5 6 5 5  7 7 6 6 6 6 6  10 10 8 8 9 8 8  14 14 11 11 12 12 11  18 20 14 16 17 16 15  19 22 15 18 19 17 16  21 26 16 22 22 21 18  20 28 12 26 24 24 17  2 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3  2 5 4 5 5 3 4 5 5 5 5 4 4  3 7 5 7 7 4 6 7 7 7 6 5 6  4 7 6 7 7 4 7 7 7 7 7 6 7  5 10 8 10 10 6 9 10 10 10 10 8 10  7 14 11 14 14 8 13 14 14 14 14 11 13  10 20 14 19 20 10 17 20 19 19 19 16 19  10 21 14 20 22 11 18 22 21 21 21 17 21  12 25 15 23 26 11 21 26 25 24 25 20 25  11 27 11 22 30 7 20 29 27 25 27 23 30  3 3 3 3 2 3 4 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3  5 4 4 4 3 4 5 4 4 3 . 4 4 5 4 5 5  7 5 5 6 5 6 7 5 6 5 5 6 7 6 7 7  8 6 6 7 5 7 8 6 7 6 6 6 7 7 7 7  10 8 8 9 7 9 11 8 9 8 8 9 10 9 10 10  14 12 10 13 10 13 15 11 12 11 11 12 13 12 14 14  18 16 11 16 13 17 19 16 14 15 15 15 13 16 18 17  18 18 11 17 14 19 19 17 15 17 17 16  17 22  25  '  _ _  23 19 29 25 _ 29 19  _  _  16 34 _  39  43  45  39  41  44  38  34  35  33  _  _  _  21 _ 29 26  _  20 24  _  32 17  13 29  27  _  _  29 25 25 12  31 23 25 _  7 27  24  16 31  _  38 _ 3  19  _  31  23  29 26 22 27 23 33  28 22 14 26 22 35  8  5 36  27  28  26  _  _  33  22  -  Cities: Baltimore......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit................................... Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York ............................... Philadelphia........ Phoenix ................. St. Louis ....... San Antonio .. San Diego ..... San Francisco ...  ’ All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  17 19 18  _  18 15 22 18 21 10 21 19 17  15 _  24  23  _  _  25  27  29  29  25  29 19  32  37  40  41  25  -  -  -  '  -  -  19  _  26 20 13  ■>_  17 20 18  9 15 5  Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary Definitions”.  182  Table B-30. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities (In thousands) Estimated level Area  1,000  10  20  25  50  100  200  250  400  600  800  2 3 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  3 4 3 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2  5 5 5 3 3 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3  5 6 5 3 3 4 3 4 4 4 4 5 4 4 4  8 8 5 4 5 4 6 6 6 5 7 5 6 5  11 10 7 6 6 8 8 8 8 9 8 7  15 14 8 12 10 10 13 10  17 16 -  21 19 ”  -  13 14  16 . “ “  24 _ 19 -  11  17 ~ 14  “ “ -  2  3  4  4  6  8  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2  4 4 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3  5 5 6 5 4 5 5 4 5 5 4 5 4 3  7 7 8 7 6 6 6 6 7 7 6 7 5 5  _ 9 11 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8 7  _ 13 12 11 11 11 11 12 11 9  14 “ 13 12 12 -  17 “ 16 " 15 -  “ 19  -  -  2 2 2 2 2 2 2  3 3 3 3 3 3 3  4 5 4 4 4 4 4  5 5 4 4 4 4 -  7 7 6 6 6 6 -  10 10 8 8 -  13 14 11 “  14 12 “ “  15 ■ -  1 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3  2 5 3 5 5 4 5 5 5 4 4 4  _  5 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 5  _ 7 5 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 7  _ 10 10 10 10 8 9  _ 14 11 13  ~ -  ~ ~ ~  14  “ 18  ■ “ * 21  2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  3 3 2 3 2 3 4 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3  5 4 3 4 3 4 5 4 4 3 4 4 5 4 5 5  5 4 4 5 4 5 6 4 5 4 4 4 5 5 5 5  7 6 5 6 5 7 8 6 6 5 6 7 6 7  10 8 7 9 7 9 10 8 8 8 8 9 -  12 11 11 9 12 11 11 11 -  13 12 10 13 12 12 12 ~  15 10 “ 15 13 -  17 “ 18 “ -  5 Metropolitan areas:' Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............ Atlanta............................................. Baltimore......................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................... Boston PMSA ................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.......... Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ......... Chicago PMSA ............................... Cincinnati PMSA ............................. Cleveland PMSA............................. Columbus, Ohio.............................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............... Dayton-Springfield........................... Denver-Boulder CMSA ................... Detroit PMSA.................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA ............... Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA ............................................ Houston PMSA................................ Indianapolis..................................... Kansas City...................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ... Louisville.......................................... Memphis........................................ . Miami-Hialeah PMSA...................... Milwaukee PMSA ............................ Minneapolis-St. Paul....................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .................... New Orleans.................................... New York PMSA ............................ Newark PMSA ................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.............................................. Oakland PMSA............................... Oklahoma City................................. Philadelphia PMSA ......................... Phoenix............................................ Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA.... Portland, Ore. PMSA ...................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA ............................................ Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ... Rochester........................................ Sacramento..................................... St. Louis .......................................... Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco PMSA ..................... San Jose PMSA.............................. Seattle PMSA ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C...............................  •  -  “  ~ ~-  22 ” ~ “ ~ -  ~ -  “  ~ “ “ -  -  18 18 “ _ ~  21  “ 23 _  -  ■ ” “ ~  _  “  ~ ~ *■ “  “ “ ” “ “ “  “ “  • “ “  “ .  -  Cities: Baitimore.......................................... Chicago ........................................... Cleveland ........................................ Dallas............................................... Detroit.............................................. Houston........................................... Indianapolis..................................... Los Angeles.................................... Milwaukee ....................................... New York ........................................ Philadelphia..................................... Phoenix............................................ St. Louis.......................................... San Antonio.................................... San Diego ....................................... San Francisco ..........,.....................  1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  “  20 ~ -  .  * _ 22 -  Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary Definitions".  183  Table B-31. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanic origin by selected metropolitan areas and cities K (In thousands)  Estimated level  Area 5  10  20  4 4  5 6  25  50  100  200  250  400  9 9  12 _ _ 8 _  16 _ _  18  22  600  800  1,000  _  _  _  1,500  Metropolitan areas:1 Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ......... Atlanta.......................................... Baltimore....................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................. Boston PMSA ................................ Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA........ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill....... Chicago PMSA.................. .......... Cincinnati PMSA .......................... Cleveland PMSA.......................... Columbus, Ohio............................ Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ............. Dayton-Springfield........................ Denver-Boulder CMSA................. Detroit PMSA................................. Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA .............. Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA.......................................... Houston PMSA............ ....... .......... Indianapolis................................ Kansas City.................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .. Louisville ............................. .......... Miami-Hialeah PMSA..................... Milwaukee PMSA.......................... Minneapolis-St. Paul...................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.................. New Orleans.................................. New York PMSA........................... Newark PMSA............................... Norfolk-Virgima Beach-Newport News ............................................ Oakland PMSA.............................. Oklahoma City............................... Philadelphia PMSA ....................... Phoenix .......................................... Portland, Ore. PMSA.................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA........................................... Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA .. Rochester .................. !............... . Sacramento.................................... St. Louis......................... ...... ........ . Salt Lake City-Ogden................ . San Antonio......................... .......... San Diego....................................... San Francisco PMSA.................... San Jose PMSA............................. Seattle PMSA................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.. Washington D.C.................... .........  .. .. .. .. .. . . .  3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2  -  -  -  3 2 3 2 3  6 7 -  4 3 4  -  -  4  -  -  4 4  6 5  5  -  _ 14 _  7 6  11 10 -  15 _ -  -  2 2 2 2 2 2  .  2  3  4  5  7  -  . . . . . . . . .  3 2 3 3 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 2 2  4 4 4 4 3  5 5  6 6  8 8 -  . 11 -  -  _  3 3 4 3 4 3 3  3 3 2 2 2 2  4 4 3 3 3 3  1 3 2 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 3  2 4  -  -  -  2 3 4 4 4 4 3 4  -  4 5 -  4 5 4 4 5 5  -  3 5  -  -  -  8 -  5 4  6 5 5  5 3 5 5 5 5 5 4 5  15 _  19  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  17  20 25  28  32  -  -  15 -  _  _  _  7  9  13  15  18  22  7  9  13  14  17  18  _  _  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  7 -  5 4 _  -  _  _  6  -  -  9  . 12  9 -  6  8  -  3 5 6 6 6  5 8 9 9 9 -  5 6  13 -  14 -  18 -  21 -  24  -  -  _  _  _  7 7  -  -  9 8  _  5 5  _  6 6 _  6  9 _  -  -  _  5  -  _  _  -  -  17 _  -  _  4 5 4  -  6  5 4  5 4  _  -  5  3 3  4  4  _  _ 10 -  7  . . . . . .  3 3 4  _  _  _ -  _  _  10 -  14 -  -  12  16  18  21  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  .  -  12 _  _  _  _  _  _  10 12 12 12  14 16 16 16  15 18 _  -  _  -  7 8  _  9 11  ;  17  _ _  _  _  -  -  -  15  18  -  -  -  -  -  -  Cities: Chicago .......... Cleveland ....... Dallas.............. Houston.......... Indianapolis .... Los Angeles ..., Milwaukee New York ........ Philadelphia .... Phoenix ........... San Antonio.... San Diego ...... San Francisco .  2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3  3 3 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4  4 4 5 5 -  5 -  4  -  5 -  4 4 5 5 5 5  7 -  5 5  8 8 -  -  _  _  14  16  -  -  9 _  6  9  -  _  7 8 8 8  10 10 11 11  ______________  _  _  -  _  _  13  14  18  20  22  _  _  13  14  18  21  24  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  13 15 -  14  _  _  _  -  _  Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary Definitions".  . ... mcuupviiian oidiisuuai «reas sj except st. Louis and tnose labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13 _  10 11  7  -  5 5 5 5 6 6  10 -  184  Index to tables B-32 to B-37 of sampling errors for rates by metropolitan area and city (for the District of Columbia, see State tables) Table Area B-32  B-33  B-34  B-35  B-36  B-37  Metropolitan areas  Part:  Part:  Part:  Part:  Part:  Part:  Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA .............................................. Atlanta............................................................. ................... Baltimore............................................................................... Bergen-Passaic PMSA....................................................... Boston................................................................................. Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA ............................................ Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill............................................ Chicago PMSA.................................................................. Cincinnati PMSA.................................................................. Cleveland PMSA.................................................................. Columbus, Ohio.................................................................. Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA.................................................. Dayton-Springfieid............................................................. Denver-Boulder CMSA....................................................... Detroit PMSA ...................................................................... Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach PMSA . . Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA........................ Houston PMSA.................................................................... Indianapolis.......................................................................... Kansas City.......................................................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA..................................... Louisville............................................................................... Memphis............................................................................... Miami-Hialeah PMSA......................................................... Milwaukee PMSA................................................................ Minneapolis-St. Paul........................................................... Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ....................................................... New Orleans........................................................................ New York PMSA.................................................................. Newark PMSA...................................................................... Norfolk—Virginia Beach-Newport News.......................... Oakland PMSA.................................................................... Oklahoma City .................................................................... Philadelphia PMSA............................................................. Phoenix................................................................................. Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....................................... Portland, Ore. PMSA ......................................................... Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA........................ Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA..................................... Rochester............................................................................ Sacramento.......................................................................... St. Louis.............................................................................. Salt Lake City-Ogden......................................................... San Antonio ........................................................................ San Diego............................................................................ San Francisco PMSA ......................................................... San Jose PMSA.................................................................. Seattle PMSA ...................................................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater................................... Washington, DC..................................................................  6  5  1  1  1 4 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 7 3  6 1 1  6 1 1  3 2 4 2 4 4 4 4 7 4  1 2 2 6 3  3  3  2 4 2 4 4 4 4 7 4 7 3 4 7 7 1 7 4 7 7 4 7 6 4 6 4 3 6 6  2 4 2 4 4 4 4 7 4 4 3 4  1  7  7  4 3 7 7 1  3 4 7 7 1  7  7  3 7 7 3 7 6 3 6 3 4 6 6 3 3 7 3 3 5 6  4 7 7 4 7 5 4 5 4 3 5 5 4 4  7 4 4 6 5 4 5 5 6 7 5 5  3 6 6  5 7 6 6 6 6 3 7  5 3  5 5 5 5 4 5 4 6 5 4 4 2 4 5 4 4 5 4  1  5 1 5 6 1 1 5 5 4 5 5 7 1 5  1 1 7 4  1 1  5  1  5 4 7  5 4  1  4 4  7 4 4 5 6 4 6 6 5 7 6  7 7 1 7 4 7 7 4 7 6 4 6 4 3 6 6 4 4 7 4 4 5 6 4 6 6 5 7 6  6  6  6 6 4 7  6 6 4 7  1  1 4 4 7 3 7 1 4 7 4 4 7 1 7  1 2 2 6 3 5 3 5 5 5 5 4 5 4 6 5 4 4 2 4 5 4 4 5 4  1 5  1 5 6  1 1 5 5 4 5 5 7 1 5 1  1 7 4 1 1 1 1 5 4  Cities Baltimore.............................................................................. Chicago................................................................................. Cleveland ............................................................................ Dallas ................................................................................... Detroit................................................................................... Houston................................................................................. Indianapolis.......................................................................... Los Angeles ........................................................................ Milwaukee............................................................................ New York ............................................................................ Philadelphia.......................................................................... Phoenix................................................................................. St. Louis.............................................................................. San Antonio ........................................................................ San Diego............................................................................ San Francisco......................................................................  1  1  3 3 7 4 7  4 4 7 3 7 1 4  1 3 7 3 3 7  7 4 4 7 1 7 5 5  1 7 6 6  1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except St. Louis and those labeled Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA's) or Primary   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  2 5 5 4 6 4 2 5 4 5 5 4 2 4  1 1  4 4 7 3 7  1 4 7 4 4 7  1 7 6 6  6 6  2 5 5 4  6 4 2 5 4 5 5 4 2 4  1 1  Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary Definitions.”  185  Table B-32. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons bv selected metropolitan areas and cities ' Area and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 1: Atlanta and Indianapolis MSA’s and Indianapolis and St. Louis cities 2  ....  5......  10 20  ... ....  25 .... 50 ... 100  ..  200  ..  250 400 600 800  .. .. .. ..  1,000  1,500 2,000  10.53 6.66 4.71 3.33 2.98 2.11 1.49 1.05 .94 .74 .61 .53 .47 .38 .33  14.80 9.36 6.62 4.68 4.19 2.96 2.09 1.48 1.32 1.05 .86 .74 .66 .54 .47  20.68 13.08 9.25 6.54 5.85 4.14 2.92 2.07 1.85 1.46 1.20 1.04 .93 .76 .66  25.00 15.81 11.18 7.91 7.07 5.00 3.54 2.50 2.24 1.77 1.45 1.25 1.12 .92 .80  28.50 18.02 12.74 9.01 8.06 5.70 4.03 2.85 2.55 2.02 1.65 1.43 1.28 1.05 .91  31.43 19.88 14.06 9.94 8.89 6.29 4.45 3.15 2.82 2.23 1.82 1.58 1.41 1.16 1.01  37.16 23.50 16.62 11.75 10.51 7.44 5.26 3.72 3.33 2.64 2.16 1.87 1.68 1.38 1.20  41.31 26.13 18.48 13.07 11.69 8.27 5.85 4.14 3.71 2.94 2.40 2.09 1.87 1.54 1.34  44.33 28.04 19.83 14.02 12.54 8.87 6.28 4.45 3.98 3.16 2.59 2.25 2.02 1.66 1.45  5.65 3.57 2.53 1.79 1.60 1.13 .80 .56 .51 .40 .33 .28 .25 .21 .18  7.94 5.02 3.55 2.51 2.25 1.59 1.12 .79 .71 .56 .46 .40 .36 .29 .25  11.09 7.01 4.96 3.51 3.14 2.22 1.57 1.11 .99 .78 .64 .56 .50 .41 .35  13.41 8.48 6.00 4.24 3.79 2.68 1.90 1.34 1.20 .95 .78 .67 .60 .49 .43  15.28 9.66 6.83 4.83 4.32 3.06 2.16 1.53 1.37 1.08 .88 .77 .69 .56 .49  16.85 10.66 7.54 5.33 4.77 3.37 2.38 1.69 1.51 1.19 .98 .85 .76 .62 .54  19.92 12.60 8.91 6.30 5.64 3.99 2.82 2.00 1.79 1.41 1.16 1.00 .90 .74 .64  22.15 14.01 9.91 7.01 6.27 4.43 3.14 2.22 1.99 1.57 1.29 1.12 1.00 .82 .72  23.76 15.03 10.63 7.52 6.72 4.76 3.37 2.38 2.13 1.69 1.39 1.20 1.08 .89 .78  10.81 6.84 4.84 3.42 3.06 2.16 1.53 1.08 .97 .76 .62 .54 .48 .40 .34 .31 .22  15.10 9.55 6.75 4.78 4.27 3.02 2.14 1.51 1.35 1.07 .87 .76 .68 .55 .48 .43 .30  18.26 11.55 8.17 5.77 5.17 3.65 2.58 1.83 1.63 1.29 1.06 .91 .82 .67 .58 .52 .37  Part 2: Boston PMSA and CharlotteGastonia-Rock Hill MSA 2.... 5 ....... 10  ....  20 ....  25 . 50 .... 100 .. 200 .  250 400 600 800  .. .. .. ..  1,000  1,500 2,000  Part 3: Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA; Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach, Miami-Hialeah, Philadelphia, and Portland, Ore. PMSA’s; Columbus, Ohio, Dayton-Springfield, Oklahoma City, and Tampa-St. PetersburgClearwater MSA’s; and Chicago, Cleveland, and Philadelphia cities 2................... ................ 5 ........................................................ 10 .................................. 20 .................................. 25 .................................. 50 .................................. 100 ................................. 200 ................................. 250 ................................. 400 ................................. 600 ................................. 800 ................................. 1,000 1.500 ............................... 2,000 2.500 ....................... 5,000  ZZZZ.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7.69 4.86 3.44 2.43 2.18 1.54 1.09 .77 .69 .54 .44 .38 .34 .28 .24 .22 .15  186  20.81 13.16 9.31 6.58 5.89 4.16 2.94 2.08 1.86 1.47 1.20 1.04 .93 .76 .66 .59 .42  22.96 14.52 10.27 7.26 6.49 4.59 3.25 2.30 2.05 1.62 1.33 1.15 1.03 .84 .73 .65 .46  27.14 17.17 12.14 8.58 7.68 5.43 3.84 2.72 2.43 1.92 1.57 1.36 1.22 1.00 .86 .78 .55  30.17 19.08 13.49 9.54 8.53 6.04 4.27 3.02 2.70 2.14 1.75 1.52 1.36 1.11 .96 .87 .62  32.37 20.47 14.48 10.24 9.16 6.48 4.58 3.24 2.90 2.30 1.88 1.63 1.46 1.20 1.04 .93 .67  Table B-32. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities —Continued Area and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 4  6  8  20  25  24.09 15.24 10.78 7.62 6.82 4.82 3.41 2.41 2.16 1.71 1.40 1.21 1.08 .89 .77 .69  26.78 16.94 11.98 8.47 7.58 5.36 3.79 2.68 2.40 1.90 1.55 1.35 1.21 .99 .86 .77  28.74 18.18 12.85 9.09 8.13 5.75 4.07 2.88 2.58 2.04 1.67 1.45 1.30 1.07 .93 .83  22.20 14.04 9.93 7.02 6.28 4.44 3.14 2.22 1.99 1.57 1.28 1.11 .99 .81 .70 .63 .45  26.24 16.60 11.74 8.30 7.42 5.25 3.71 2.63 2.35 1.86 1.52 1.32 1.18 .96 .83 .75 .53  29.17 18.45 13.05 9.23 8.25 5.84 4.13 2.92 2.61 2.07 1.69 1.46 1.31 1.07 .93 .83 .60  31.30 19.80 14.00 9.90 8.85 6.26 4.43 3.13 2.80 2.22 1.81 1.57 1.41 1.15 1.00 .90 .64  14.90 9.42 6.66 4.71 4.21 2.98 2.11 1.49 1.34 1.06 .87 .75  17.61 11.14 7.88 5.57 4.98 3.53 2.50 1.77 1.58 1.26 1.03 .90  19.58 12.38 8.76 6.19 5.54 3.92 2.78 1.97 1.76 1.40 1.15 1.00  21:01 13.29 9.40 6.65 5.95 4.21 2.98 2.12 1.90 1.51 1.24 1.08  10  1  2  6.83 4.32 3.05 2.16 1.93 1.37 .97 .68 .61 .48 .39 .34 .31 .25 .22 .19  9.60 6.07 4.29 3.04 2.72 1.92 1.36 .96 .86 .68 .55 .48 .43 .35 .30 .27  13.41 8.48 6.00 4.24 3.79 2.68 1.90 1.34 1.20 .95 .77 .67 .60 .49 .43 .38  16.21 10.25 7.25 5.13 4.59 3.24 2.29 1.62 1.45 1.15 .94 .81 .73 .59 .51 .46  18.48 11.69 8.26 5.84 5.23 3.70 2.61 1.85 1.65 1.31 1.07 .93 .83 .68 .59 .53  20.38 12.89 9.11 6.45 5.77 4.08 2.88 2.04 1.82 1.44 1.18 1.02 .91 .75 .65 .58  7.44 4.70 3.33 2.35 2.10 1.49 1.05 .74 .67 .53 .43 .37 .33 .27 .24 .21 .15  10.45 6.61 4.68 3.31 2.96 2.09 1.48 1.05 .94 .74 .60 .52 .47 .38 .33 .30 .21  14.60 9.23 6.53 4.62 4.13 2.92 2.07 1.46 1.31 1.03 .84 .73 .65 .53 .46 .41 .29  17.66 11.17 7.90 5.58 4.99 3.53 2.50 1.77 1.58 1.25 1.02 .88 .79 .65 .56 .50 .35  20.12 12.73 9.00 6.36 5.69 4.02 2.85 2.01 1.80 1.42 1.16 1.01 .90 .74 .64 .57 .41  4.99 3.16 2.23 1.58 1.41 1.00 .71 .50 .45 .35 .29 .25  7.02 4.44 3.14 2.22 1.98 1.40 .99 .70 .63 .50 .41 .35  9.80 6.20 4.38 3.10 2.77 1.96 1.39 .98 .88 .69 .57 .49  11.85 7.50 5.30 3.75 3.35 2.37 1.68 1.19 1.06 .84 .69 .60  13.51 8.54 6.04 4.27 3.82 2.70 1.91 1.35 1.21 .96 .78 .68  15  Part 4: Bergen-Passaic, Detroit, and Newark PMSA's and Detroit city  20 ..................................................... 100 .................................................... ............................................ 200 600 .................................................... 1 000 1,500 2 000 2,500  ................................................. ................................................. ................................................. .................................................  Part 5: Anaheim-Santa Ana, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Oakland, Riverside-San Bernardino, San Francisco, and San Jose PMSA’s; Sacramento and San Diego MSA’s; and Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco cities  100  .............................................  400 .................................................... 600 ............................................. 800 .................................................... 1 000 ................................................. 1,500 ................................................. 2 000 ................................................. 2,500 ................................................. 5,000 ................................................. Part 6: Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA and Salt Lake City-Ogden MSA  100 .......................................... 200 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 ....................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  187  Table B-32. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons bv selected metropolitan areas and cities —Continued 7 Area and size of (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  8.81 5.57 3.94 2.79 2.49 1.76 1.25 .88 .79 .62 .51 .44 .39 .32 .28 .25  12.38 7.83 5.54 3.91 3.50 2.48 1.75 1.24 1.11 .88 .72 .62 .55 .45 .39 .35  17.29 10.94 7.73 5.47 4.89 3.46 2.45 1.73 1.55 1.22 1.00 .87 .77 .63 .55 .49  20.91 13.22 9.35 6.61 5.91 4.18 2.96 2.09 1.87 1.48 1.21 1.05 .94 .77 .66 .59  23.83 15.07 10.66 7.54 6.74 4.77 3.37 2.38 2.13 1.69 1.38 1.19 1.07 .87 .76 .68  26.28 16.62 11.75 8.31 7.43 5.26 3.72 2.63 2.35 1.86 1.52 1.32 1.18 .97 .84 .75  31.07 19.65 13.90 9.83 8.79 6.22 4.40 3.11 2.78 2.20 1.80 1.56 1.40 1.15 1.00 .89  34.54 21.85 15.45 10.93 9.77 6.91 4.89 3.46 3.10 2.45 2.01 1.74 1.56 1.28 1.11 1.00  37.06 23.44 16.58 11.72 10.49 7.42 5.25 3.72 3.33 2.63 2.16  7.10 4.49 3.17 2.24 2.01 1.42 1.00 .71 .63 .50 .41 .35 .32 .26 .22 .20 .14  9.98 6.31 4.46 3.15 2.82 2.00 1.41 1.00 .89 .71 .58 .50 .45 .36 .32 .28 .20  13.93 8.81 6.23 4.41 3.94 2.79 1.97 1.39 1.25 .99 .80 .70 .62 .51 .44 .39 .28  16.85 10.66 7.53 5.33 4.77 3.37 2.38 1.69 1.51 1.19 .97 .84 .75 .62 .53 .48 .34  19.20 12.14 8.59 6.07 5.43 3.84 2.72 1.92 1.72 1.36 1.11 .96 .86 .70 .61 .55 .39  21.18 13.40 9.47 6.70 5.99 4.24 3.00 2.12 1.90 1.50 1.22 1.06 .95 .78 .67 .60 .43  25.04 15.84 11.20 7.92 7.08 5.01 3.54 2.51 2.24 1.77 1.45 1.26 1.12 .92 .80 .71 .51  27.84 17.61 12.45 8.80 7.87 5.57 3.94 2.79 2.49 1.97 1.61 1.40 1.25 1.02 .89 .80 .57  29.87 18.89 13.36 9.45 8.45 5.98 4.23 2>99 2.68 2.12 1.73  Part 7: Buffalo-Niagara Falls, Dallas-Fort Worth, Denver-Boulder, and Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA’s; Houston, Milwaukee, and Nassau-Suffolk PMSA’s; Kansas City, Louisville, Memphis, Phoenix, Rochester, San Antonio, and Washington, D.C. MSA’s; and Dallas, Houston, Milwaukee, Phoenix, and San Antonio cities 2.........................................................  50 ........................................  1,500 ..................................  1.68 1.38 1 20 1.08  Part 8; New York and Seattle PMSA’s; Baltimore, Minneapolis-St. Paul, New Orleans, and Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News MSA’s; St. Louis; and Baltimore and New York cities 2....................................... 20 ...............................................  1,500 ....................................... 5,000 ....................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  188  96 .62  Table B-33. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities Area and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 1: Atlanta and Indianapolis MSA's and Indianapolis and St. Louis cities 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 ....................................................  11.17 7.07 5.00 3.53 3.16 2.23 1.58 1.12 1.00 .79 .64  15.76 9.97 7.05 4.98 4.46 3.15 2.23 1.58 1.41 1.11 .91  22.17 14.02 9.91 7.01 6.27 4.43 3.13 2.21 1.98 1.56 1.28  27.00 17.08 12.07 8.54 7.64 5.40 3.82 2.70 2.41 1.90 1.55  31.01 19.61 13.87 9.80 8.77 6.20 4.38 3.09 2.77 2.18 1.78  34.48 21.81 15.42 10.90 9.75 6.89 4.87 3.44 3.07 2.43 1.98  41.64 26.33 18.62 13.16 11.77 8.32 5.88 4.15 3.71 2.92 2.38  47.39 29.97 21.19 14.98 13.40 9.47 6.68 4.71 4.21 3.32 2.69  52.20 33.01 23.34 16.50 14.75 10.42 7.36 5.18 4.63 3.64 2.95  6.16 3.90 2.75 1.95 1.74 1.23 .87 .62  8.69 5.49 3.89 2.75 2.46 1.74 1.23 .87  12.22 7.73 5.46 3.86 3.46 2.44 1.73 1.22  14.89 9.41 6.66 4.71 4.21 2.97 2.10 1.48  17.10 10.81 7.64 5.40 4.83 3.41 2.41 1.70  19.01 12.02 8.50 6.01 5.37 3.80 2.68 1.89  22.95 14.52 10.26 7.25 6.48 4.58 3.23 2.27  26.12 16.52 11.68 8.25 7.38 5.21 3.67 2.58  28.77 18.19 12.86 9.08 8.12 5.73 4.03 2.82  8.16 5.16 3.65 2.58 2.31 1.63 1.15 .82 .73 .58 .47 .41  11.51 7.28 5.15 3.64 3.25 2.30 1.63 1.15 1.03 .81 .66 .57  16.19 10.24 7.24 5.12 4.58 3.24 2.29 1.62 1.45 1.14 .93 .81  19.72 12.47 8.82 6.24 5.58 3.94 2.79 1.97 1.76 1.39 1.14 .98  22.65 14.32 10.13 7.16 6.40 4.53 3.20 2.26 2.02 1.60 1.30 1.13  25.18 15.92 11.26 7.96 7.12 5.03 3.56 2.52 2.25 1.78 1.45 1.25  30.41 19.23 13.60 9.61 8.60 6.08 4.30 3.04 2.71 2.14 1.75 1.51  34.61 21.89 15.48 10.94 9.79 6.92 4.89 3.45 3.09 2.44 1.98 1.71  38.12 24.11 17.05 12.05 10.78 7.62 5.38 3.80 3.40 2.68 2.18 1.88  7.24 4.58 3.24 2.29 2.05 1.45 1.02 .72 .65 .51  10.22 6.46 4.57 3.23 2.89 2.04 1.44 1.02 .91 .72  14.37 9.09 6.43 4.54 4.06 2.87 2.03 1.44 1.28 1.02  17.51 11.07 7.83 5.54 4.95 3.50 2.47 1.75 1.56 1.24  20.11 12.72 8.99 6.36 5.69 4.02 2.84 2.01 1.80 1.42  22.35 14.14 10.00 7.07 6.32 4.47 3.16 2.23 2.00 1.58  27.00 17.07 12.07 8.54 7.63 5.40 3.81 2.69 2.41 1.90  30.73 19.43 13.74 9.71 8.69 6.14 4.34 3.06 2.74 2.16  33.84 21.40 15.13 10.70 9.57 6.76 4.78 3.37 3.01 2.37  Part 2: Boston PMSA and CharlotteGastonia-Rock Hill MSA 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... Part 3: Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA; Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach, Miami-Hialeah, Philadelphia, and Portland, Ore. PMSA’s; Columbus, Ohio, Dayton-Springfield, Oklahoma City, and Tampa-St. PetersburgClearwater MSA's; and Chicago, Cleveland, and Philadelphia cities 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... Part 4: Bergen-Passaic, Detroit, and Newark PMSA’s and Detroit city 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 ....................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  189  Table B-33. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities —Continued Area and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 5: Anaheim-Santa Ana, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Oakland, Riverside-San Bernardino, San Francisco, and San Jose PMSA’s; Sacramento and San Diego MSA’s; and Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco cities 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 ....................................................  7.89 4.99 3.53 2.49 2.23 1.58 1.12 .79 .71 .56 .46  11.13 7.04 4.98 3.52 3.15 2.23 1.57 1.11 .99 .79 .64  15.65 9.90 7.00 4.95 4.43 3.13 2.21 1.56 1.40 1.11 .90  19.06 12.06 8.53 6.03 5.39 3.81 2.70 1.91 1.70 1.35 1.10  21.89 13.85 9.79 6.92 6.19 4.38 3.10 2.19 1.96 1.55 1.26  24.34 15.40 10.89 7.70 6.88 4.87 3.44 2.43 2.18 1.72 1.40  29.40 18.59 13.15 9.30 8.31 5.88 4.16 2.94 2.63 2.07 1.69  33.46 21.16 14.96 10.58 9.46 6.69 4.73 3.34 2.99 2.36 1.92  36.85 23.31 16.48 11.65 10.42 7.37 5.21 3.68 3.29 2.60  5.30 3.35 2.37 1.67  7.47 4.72 3.34 2.36  10.51 6.65 4.70 3.32  12.80 8.09 5.72 4.05  14.70 9.30 6.57 4.65  16.34 10.34 7.31 5.17  19.74 12.48 8.82 6.24  22.46 14.20 10.04 7.10  24.74 15.64 11.06 7.81  9.34 5.91 4.18 2.95 2.64 1.87 1.32 .93 .84 .66 .54  13.18 8.33 5.89 4.17 3.73 2.64 1.86 1.32 1.18 .93 .76  18.53 11.72 8.29 5.86 5.24 3.71 2.62 1.85 1.66 1.31 1.07  22.58 14.28 10.10 7.14 6.39 4.51 3.19 2.26 2.02 1.59 1.30  25.93 16.40 11.60 8.20 7.33 5.18 3.66 2.59 2.32 1.83 1.49  28.83 18.23 12.89 9.12 8.15 5.76 4.07 2.88 2.57 2.03 1.66  34.82 22.02 15.57 11.01 9.84 6.96 4.92 3.47 3.10 2.45 1.99  39.62 25.06 17.72 12.53 11.20 7.92 5.59 3.95 3.53 2.78 2.26  43.65 27.60 19.52 13.80 12.34 8.72 6.16 4.34 3.88 3.06 2.48  7.53 4.76 3.37 2.38 2.13 1.51 1.06 .75 .67 .53 .43 .38 .34  10.62 6.72 4.75 3.36 3.00 2.12 1.50 1.06 .95 .75 .61 .53 .47  14.94 9.45 6.68 4.72 4.22 2.99 2.11 1.49 1.34 1.06 .86 .75 .67  18.19 11.51 8.14 5.75 5.15 3.64 2.57 1.82 1.63 1.29 1.05 .91 .81  20.89 13.21 9.34 6.61 5.91 4.18 2.95 2.09 1.87 1.48 1.20 1.04 .93  23.23 14.69 10.39 7.35 6.57 4.65 3.28 2.32 2.08 1.64 1.34 1.16 1.03  28.06 17.74 12.55 8.87 7.93 5.61 3.96 2.80 2.51 1.98 1.61 1.39 1.25  31.93 20.19 14.28 10.10 9.03 6.38 4.51 3.19 2.85 2.25 1.83 1.58 1.41  35.17 22.24 15.73  2.11  Part 6: Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA and Salt Lake City-Ogden MSA 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... Part 7; Buffalo-Niagara Falls, Dallas-Fort Worth, Denver-Boulder, and Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA’s; Houston, Milwaukee, and Nassau-Suffolk PMSA’s; Kansas City, Louisville, Memphis, Phoenix, Rochester, San Antonio, and Washington, D.C. MSA’s; and Dallas, Houston, Milwaukee, Phoenix, and San Antonio cities 2......................................................... 5.................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ..................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .......................................... Part 8: New York and Seattle PMSA’s; Baltimore, Minneapolis-St. Paul, New Orleans, and Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News MSA’s; St. Louis; and Baltimore and New York cities 2....................................... 10 ................ 20 ..................... 25 .................... 50 .................. 100 .......... 200 ........... 250 ............... 400 ........... 600 .................... 800 ........................ 1,000 ....................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  190  11.12  9.95 7.03 4.97 3.51 3.14 2.47 2.02  1.74 1.55  Table B-34. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin by selected metropolitan areas and cities Area and size of civilian labor force (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  Part 1: Atlanta and Indianapolis MSA’s and Indianapolis and St. Louis cities 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ......................................................  11.12 7.03 4.97 3.52 3.15 2.22  15.67 9.91 7.01 4.96 4.43 3.13  22.00 13.91 9.84 6.96 6.22 4.40  26.74 16.91 11.96 8.45 7.56 5.35  30.64 19.38 13.70 9.69 8.66 6.13  33.98 21.49 15.20 10.75 9.61 6.79  40.80 25.80 18.24 12.90 11.54 8.15  46.13 29.17 20.63 14.58 13.04 9.22  50.46 31.91 22.56 15.95 14.27 10.08  5.96 3.77 2.67 1.89 1.69 1.19  8.40 5.31 3.76 2.66 2.38 1.68  11.79 7.46 5.27 3.73 3.34 2.36  14.33 9.07 6.41 4.53 4.05 2.87  16.42 10.39 7.34 5.19 4.64 3.28  18.22 11.52 8.15 5.76 5.15 3.64  21.87 13.83 9.78 6.92 6.18 4.37  24.73 15.64 11.06 7.82 6.99 4.94  27.05 17.11 12.10 8.55 7.65 5.41  9.15 5.79 4.09 2.89 2.59 1.83 1.29 .92 .82 .65  12.89 8.16 5.77 4.08 3.65 2.58 1.82 1.29 1.15 .91  18.10 11.45 8.09 5.72 5.12 3.62 2.56 1.81 1.62 1.28  22.00 13.91 9.84 6.96 6.22 4.40 3.11 2.20 1.97 1.55  25.21 15.94 11.27 7.97 7.13 5.04 3.56 2.52 2.25 1.78  27.97 17.69 12.51 8.84 7.91 5.59 3.95 2.79 2.50 1.97  33.57 21.23 15.01 10.61 9.49 6.71 4.74 3.35 3.00 2.36  37.96 24.01 16.97 12.00 10.73 7.59 5.36 3.79 3.38 2.67  41.52 26.26 18.57 13.13 11.74 8.30 5.86 4.14 3.70 2.92  7.85 4.97 3.51 2.48 2.22 1.57 1.11 .79 .70 .56 .45 .39 .35 .29  11.06 7.00 4.95 3.50 3.13 2.21 1.56 1.11 .99 .78 .64 .55 .49 .40  15.53 9.82 6.95 4.91 4.39 3.11 2.20 1.55 1.39 1.10 .90 .78 .69 .57  18.88 11.94 8.44 5.97 5.34 3.78 2.67 1.89 1.69 1.33 1.09 .94 .84 .69  21.63 13.68 9.67 6.84 6.12 4.33 3.06 2.16 1.93 1.53 1.25 1.08 .97 .79  24.00 15.18 10.73 7.59 6.79 4.80 3.39 2.40 2.14 1.70 1.38 1.20 1.07 .87  28.80 18.22 12.88 9.11 8.15 5.76 4.07 2.88 2.57 2.03 1.66 1.44 1.28 1.05  32.57 20.60 14.57 10.30 9.21 6.51 4.60 3.25 2.91 2.30 1.87 1.62 1.45 1.18  35.63 22.53 15.93 11.27 10.08 7.12 5.04 3.56 3.18 2.51 2.05 1.77 1.58 1.29  Part 2: Boston PMSA and CharlotteGastonia-Rock Hill MSA 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... Part 3: Buffalo-Niagara Falls, Dallas-Fort Worth, Denver-Boulder, and Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA’s; Houston, Milwaukee, and Nassau-Suffolk PMSA’s; Kansas City, Louisville, Memphis, Phoenix, Rochester, San Antonio, and Washington, D.C. MSA’s; and Dallas, Houston, Milwaukee, Phoenix, and San Antonio cities 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... Part 4: Anaheim-Santa Ana, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Oakland, Riverside-San Bernardino, San Francisco, and San Jose PMSA’s; Sacramento and San Diego MSA’s; and Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco cities 2......................................................... 5......................................................... 10 ...................................................... 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 .................................................... 200 .................................................... 250 .................................................... 400 .................................................... 600 .................................................... 800 .................................................... 1,000 ................................................. 1,500 .................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  191  Table B-34. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin by selected metropolitan areas and cities —Continued Area and size of (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 1  2  4  6  8  10  15  20  25  0.25  0.35  0.49  0.60  0.68  0.76  0.90  1.02  1.11  8.04 5.08 3.59 2.54 2.27 1.61 1.14 .80 .72 .57 .46  11.32 7.16 5.06 3.58 3.20 2.26 1.60 1.13 1.01 .80 .65  15.90 10.05 7.11 5.03 4.50 3.18 2.25 1.59 1.42 1.12 .92  19.32 12.22 8.64 6.11 5.46 3.86 2.73 1.93 1.73 1.36 1.11  22.14 14.00 9.90 7.00 6.26 4.43 3.13 2.21 1.98 1.56 1.27  24.56 15.53 10.98 7.77 6.95 4.91 3.47 2.45 2.19 1.73 1.41  29.48 18.65 13.18 9.32 8.34 5.89 4.16 2.94 2.63 2.07 1.69  33.34 21.08 14.91 10.54 9.43 6.66 4.70 3.32 2.97 2.34 1.90  36.47 23.06 16.31 11.53 10.31 7.28 5.14 3.63 3.24 2.55 2.07  6.64 4.20 2.97 2.10 1.88 1.33 .94  9.35 5.91 4.18 2.96 2.64 1.87 1.32  13.13 8.30 5.87 4.15 3.71 2.62 1.86  15.96 10.09 7.14 5.05 4.51 3.19 2.26  18.28 11.56 8.18 5.78 5.17 3.66 2.58  20.28 12.83 9.07 6.41 5.74 4.05 2.87  24.35 15.40 10.89 7.70 6.88 4.87 3.44  27.53 17.41 12.31 8.70 7.78 5.50 3.89  30.12 19.04 13.46 9.52 8.51 6.01 4.25  5.71 3.61 2.56 1.81 1.62 1.14  8.05 5.09 3.60 2.55 2.28 1.61  11.30 7.15 5.05 3.57 3.20 2.26  13.74 8.69 6.14 4.34 3.88 2.75  15.74 9.95 7.04 4.98 4.45 3.15  17.46 11.04 7.81 5.52 4.94 3.49  20.96 13.26 9.37 6.62 5.92 4.19  23.70 14.99 10.60 7.49 6.70 4.73  25.93 16.39 11.59 8.19 7.32 5.17  7.49 4.74 3.35 2.37 2.12 1.50 1.06 .75 .67 .53 .43 .37  10.56 6.68 4.72 3.34 2.99 2.11 1.49 1.06 .94 .75 .61 .53  14.82 9.37 6.63 4.69 4.19 2.96 2.10 1.48 1.33 1.05 .86 .74  18.01 11.39 8.06 5.70 5.10 3.60 2.55 1.80 1.61 1.27 1.04 .90  20.64 13.06 9.23 6.53 5.84 4.13 2.92 2.06 1.85 1.46 1.19 1.03  22.90 14.48 10.24 7.24 6.48 4.58 3.24 2.29 2.05 1.62 1.32 1.14  27.49 17.38 12.29 8.69 7.77 5.50 3.89 2.75 2.46 1.94 1.58 1.37  31.08 19.66 13.90 9.83 8.79 6.21 4.39 3.10 2.78 2.19 1.79 1.55  34.00 21.50 15.21 10.75 9.62 6.80 4.81 3.40 3.04 2.40 1.95 1.69  Part 4: Anaheim-Santa Ana, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Oakland, Riverside-San Bernardino, San Francisco, and San Jose PMSA’s; Sacramento and San Diego MSA’s; and Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco cities 2,000 ................................................. Part 5; Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA; Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach, Miami-Hialeah, Philadelphia, and Portland, Ore. PMSA’s; Columbus, Ohio, Dayton-Springfield, Oklahoma City, and Tampa-St. PetersburgClearwater MSA’s; and Chicago, Cleveland, and Philadelphia cities 2........................................................ 5........................................................ 10 ..................................................... 20 ..................................................... 25 ..................................................... 50 ..................................................... 100 ................................................... 200 250 400 600  ........................................................................... ........................................................................... .................................................................. ........ ................. .........................................................  Part 6: Bergen-Passaic, Detroit, and Newark PMSA’s and Detroit city 2 ........... ........... ............ .............. ....... 5.................................................................................. 10 .............................................................................. 20 ...................................................... 25 ...................................................... 50 ...................................................... 100 ................................................... Part 7; Providence-Pa wtucket-Fall River CMSA and Salt Lake City-Ogden MSA 5..................................................................................  10 20 25 50  ..................................................... ...................................................... ...................................................... ......................................................  Part 8; New York and Seattle PMSA’s; Baltimore, Minneapolis-St. Paul, New Orleans, and Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News MSA's; St. Louis; and Baltimore and New York cities 2........... 5...................... 10 .......................................... 20 ..................................................... 25 ........................................ 50 ..................................................... 100 ................................................... 200 ................................................... 250 ................................................... 400 ................................................. 600 .......................................... 800 ...................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  192  Table B-35. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities Area and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  50  16.26 10.28 7.27 5.14 4.60 3.25 2.30 1.63 1.45 1.15 .94 .81 .73 .59 .51 .46  25.31 16.00 11.32 8.00 7.16 5.06 3.58 2.53 2.26 1.79 1.46 1.27 1.13 .92 .80 .72  46.44 29.37 20.77 14.69 13.14 9.29 6.57 4.64 4.15 3.28 2.68 2.32 2.08 1.70 1.47 1.31  53.21 33.65 23.80 16.83 15.05 10.64 7.52 5.32 4.76 3.76 3.07 2.66 2.38 1.94 1.68 1.50  56.88 35.97 25.44 17.99 16.09 11.38 8.04 5.69 5.09 4.02 3.28 2.84 2.54 2.08 1.80 1.61  58.05 36.72 25.96 18.36 16.42 11.61 8.21 5.81 5.19 4.11 3.35 2.90 2.60 2.12 1.84 1.64  8.71 5.51 3.90 2.76 2.46 1.74 1.23 .87 .78 .62 .50 .44 .39 .32 .28 .25  13.57 8.58 6.07 4.29 3.84 2.71 1.92 1.36 1.21 .96 .78 .68 .61 .50 .43 .38  24.90 15.75 11.14 7.87 7.04 4.98 3.52 2.49 2.23 1.76 1.44 1.24 1.11 .91 .79 .70  28.53 18.04 12.76 9.02 8.07 5.71 4.03 2.85 2.55 2.02 1.65 1.43 1.28 1.04 .90 .81  30.50 19.29 13.64 9.64 8.63 6.10 4.31 3.05 2.73 2.16 1.76 1.52 1.36 1.11 .96 .86  31.12 19.68 13.92 9.84 8.80 6.22 4.40 3.11 2.78 2.20 1.80 1.56 1.39 1.14 .98 .88  Part 1: Atlanta and Indianapolis MSA's and Indianapolis and St. Louis cities 2 ......  5 ...... 10  ....  20  ....  25 .... 50 ... 100 200  ..  250 400 600 800  .. ... ... ...  1,000  1.500 2,000  2.500 Part 2: Boston PMSA and Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill MSA 2  ......  5 ..... 10  ....  20  ....  25 50 .... 100 200  .  250 400 600 800  .. .. .. ...  1,000  1.500 2,000  2.500 Part 3 Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA; Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, Miami-Hialeah, Philadelphia, and Portland, Ore. PMSA’s; Columbus, Ohio, Dayton-Springfield, Oklahoma City, and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater MSA's; and Chicago, Cleveland, and Philadelphia cities 2  ...  5 ..... 10 ....  20  ....  25 .... 50 .... 100 200  ..  250 400 600 800  .. .. .. ..  ..  1,000  1.500 2,000  2.500 5,000   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11.87 7.51 5.31 3.75 3.36 2.37 1.68 1.19 1.06 .84 .69 .59 .53 .43 .38 .34 .24  18.48 11.69 8.26 5.84 5.23 3.70 2.61 1.85 1.65 1.31 1.07 .92 .83 .67 .58 .52 .37  193  33.91 21.45 15.17 10.72 9.59 6.78 4.80 3.39 3.03 2.40 1.96 1..70 1.52 1.24 1.07 .96 .68  38.85 24.57 17.38 12.29 10.99 7.77 5.49 3.89 3.48 2.75 2.24 1.94 1.74 1.42 1.23 1.10 .78  41.54 26.27 18.58 13.14 11.75 8.31 5.87 4.15 3.72 2.94 2.40 2.08 1.86 1.52 1.31 1.17 .83  42.39 26.81 18.96 13.41 11.99 8.48 6.00 4.24 3.79 3.00 2.45 2.12 1.90 1.55 1.34 1.20 .85  Table B-35. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities—Continued Area and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  10.54 6.67 4.71 3.33 2.98 2.11 1.49 1.05 .94 .75 .61 .53 .47 .38 .33 .30 .21  16.41 10.38 7.34 5.19 4.64 3.28 2.32 1.64 1.47 1.16 .95 .82 .73 .60 .52 .46 .33  30.11 19.04 13.47 9.52 8.52 6.02 4.26 3.01 2.69 2.13 1.74 1.51 1.35 1.10 .95 .85 .60  34.50 21.82 15.43 10.91 9.76 6.90 4.88 3.45 3.09 2.44 1.99 1.72 1.54 1.26 1.09 .98 .69  36.88 23.33 16.49 11.66 10.43 7.38 5.22 3.69 3.30 2.61 2.13 1.84 1.65 1.35 1.17 1.04 .74  37.64 23.81 16.83 11.90 10.65 7.53 5.32 3.76 3.37 2.66 2.17 1.88 1.68 1.37 1.19 1.06 .75  11.48 7.26 5.13 3.63 3.25 2.30 1.62 1.15 1.03 .81 .66 .57 .51 .42 .36 .32 .23 .19  17.87 11.30 7.99 5.65 5.05 3.57 2.53 1.79 1.60 1.26 1.03 .89 .80 .65 .57 .51 .36 .29  32.79 20.74 14.67 10.37 9.28 6.56 4.64 3.28 2.93 2.32 1.89 1.64 1.47 1.20 1.04 .93 .66 .54  37.57 23.76 16.80 11.88 10.63 7.51 5.31 3.76 3.36 2.66 2.17 1.88 1.68 1.37 1.19 1.06 .75 .61  40.16 25.40 17.96 12.70 11.36 8.03 5.68 4.02 3.59 2.84 2.32 2.01 1.80 1.47 1.27 1.14 .80 .66  40.99 25.93 18.33 12.96 11.59 8.20 5.80 4.10 3.67 2.90 2.37 2.05 1.83 1.50 1.30 1.16 .82 .67  7.70 4.87 3.45 2.44 2.18 1.54 1.09 .77 .69 .54 .44 .39 .34  11.99 7.59 5.36 3.79 3.39 2.40 1.70 1.20 1.07 .85 .69 .60 .54  22.01 13.92 9.85 6.96 6.23 4.40 3.11 2.20 1.97 1.56 1.27 1.10 .98  25.22 15.95 11.28 7.98 7.13 5.04 3.57 2.52 2.26 1.78 1.46 1.26 1.13  26.96 17.05 12.06 8.53 7.63 5.39 3.81 2.70 2.41 1.91 1.56 1.35 1.21  27.52 17.40 12.31 8.70 7.78 5.50 3.89 2.75 2.46 1.95 1.59 1.38 1.23  50  Part 4: Bergen-Passaic, Detroit, and Newark PMSA’s and Detroit city 2 ................................................................................................. 5 ................................................................................................. 10 ............................................................................................... 20 ............................................................................................... 25 ............................................................................................... 50 ............................................................................................... 100 ............................................................................................. 200........................................................................................... 250 .............................................................................................. 400 ...„........................................................................................ 600 ............................................................................................. 800 ............................................................................................. 1,000 .......................................................................................... 1,500 .......................................................................................... 2,000 .......................................................................................... 2,500 .......................................................................................... 5,000 .......................................................................................... Part 5: Anaheim-Santa Ana, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Oakland, Riverside-San Bernardino, San Francisco, and San Jose PMSA’s; Sacramento and San Diego MSA’s; and Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco cities 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ................................................................................................ 25 ............................................................................................... 50 ............................................................................................... 100 ................................. ............................................................ 200 ............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................. 400 ............................................................................................. 600 ............................................................................................. 800 ............................................................................................. 1,000 .......................................................................................... 1,500 ........................................................................................... 2,000 .......................................................................................... 2,500 .......................................................................................... 5,000 .......................................................................................... 7,500 .......................................................................................... Part 6: Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA and Salt Lake City-Ogden MSA 2 .................................................................................................. 5 .................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................ 20 ............................................................................................... 25 ................................................................................................ 50 ................................................................................................ 100 ............................................................................................. 200 .............................................................................................. 250 ............................................................................................. 400 ............................................................................................. 600 .......................................... 800 .............................................................................................. 1,000 ...........................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  194  Table B-35. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities—Continued Estimated rate (percent) size of population (In thousands)  2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  50  13.59 8.60 6.08 4.30 3.84 2.72 1.92 1.36 1.22 .96 .78 .68 .61 .50 .43 .38 .27  21.16 13.38 9.46 6.69 5.98 4.23 2.99 2.12 1.89 1.50 1.22 1.06 .95 .77 .67 .60 .42  38.83 24.56 17.37 12.28 10.98 7.77 5.49 3.88 3.47 2.75 2.24 1.94 1.74 1.42 1.23 1.10 .78  44.49 28.14 19.90 14.07 12.58 8.90 6.29 4.45 3.98 3.15 2.57 2.22 1.99 1.62 1.41 1.26 .89  47.56 30.08 21.27 15.04 13.45 9.51 6.73 4.76 4.25 3.36 2.75 2.38 2.13 1.74 1.50 1.35 .95  48.54 30.70 21.71 15.35 13.73 9.71 6.87 4.85 4.34 3.43 2.80 2.43 2.17 1.77 1.54 1.37 .97  17.05 10.78 7.62 5.39 4.82 3.41 2.41 1.70 1.52 1.21 .98 .85 .76 .62 .54 .48 .34 .28  31.29 19.79 13.99 9.90 8.85 6.26 4.43 3.13 2.80 2.21 1.81 1.56 1.40 1.14 .99 .89 .63 .51  35.85 22.67 16.03 11.34 10.14 7.17 5.07 3.58 3.21 2.53 2.07 1.79 1.60 1.31 1.13 1.01 .72 .59  38.32 24.24 17.14 12.12 10.84 7.66 5.42 3.83 3.43 2.71 2.21 1.92 1.71 1.40 1.21 1.08 .77 .63  39.11 24.74 17.49 12.37 11.06 7.82 5.53 3.91 3.50 2.77 2.26 1.96 1.75 1.43 1.24 1.11 .78 .64  Part 7: Buffalo-Niagara Falls, Dallas-Fort Worth, Denver-Boulder, and Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA’s; Houston, Milwaukee, and Nassau-Suffolk PMSA’s; Kansas City, Louisville, Memphis, Phoenix, Rochester, San Antonio, and Washington, D.C. MSA’s; and Dallas, Houston, Milwaukee, Phoenix, and San Antonio cities 2 ...................................................................................... 10 ................................................................... 25 ................................................................. 50 ....................................................................................................... 100 ..................................................................................................... 200 .................................................................................................... 250 ..................................................................................................... 400 .......................... .......................................................................... 600 ..................................................................................................... 800 ..................................................................................................... 1,000 ................................................................................................. 1,500 ................................................................................................. 2,000 ................................................................................................. 2,500 ......................................................................... 5,000 .......................................................................................... Part 8: New York and Seattle PMSA’s; Baltimore, Minneapolis-St. Paul, New Orleans, and Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News MSA’s; St. Louis; and Baltimore and New York cities 2 ............................................................................................... 5 ....................................................................................................... 10 ....................................................................................................... 20 ....................................................................................................... 25 ....................................................................................................... 50 ....................................................................................................... 100 ..................................................................................................... 200 ..................................................................................................... 250 ...................................................................................... 400 ...................................................................................... 600 ................................................................. 800 ................................................................................................. 1,000 ................................................................... 1,500 ........................................................................................ 2,000 ..................................................................... 2,500 ................................................................ 5,000 .............................................................................................. 7,500 ............................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10.95 6.93 4.90 3.46 3.10 2.19 1.55 1.10 .98 .77 .63 .55 .49 .40 .35 .31 .22 .18  195  Table B-36. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities Area and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  11.37 7.19 5.08 3.59 3.21 2.27 1.61 1.14 1.02 .80 .66  17.69 11.19 7.91 5.60 5.00 3.54 2.50 1.77 1.58 1.25 1.02  32.47 20.54 14.52 10.27 9.18 6.49 4.59 3.25 2.90 2.30 1.87  37.20 23.53 16.64 11.76 10.52 7.44 5.26 3.72 3.33 2.63 2.15  39.77 25.15 17.79 12.58 11.25 7.95 5.62 3.98 3.56 2.81 2.30  40.59 25.67 18.15 12.84 11.48 8.12 5.74 4.06 3.63 2.87 2.34  6.27 3.96 2.80 1.98 1.77 1.25 .89 .63  9.76 6.17 4.36 3.09 2.76 1.95 1.38 .98  17.91 11.32 8.01 5.66 5.06 3.58 2.53 1.79  20.51 12.97 9.17 6.49 5.80 4.10 2.90 2.05  21.93 13.87 9.81 6.94 6.20 4.39 3.10 2.19  22.38 14.16 10.01 7.08 6.33 4.48 3.17 2.24  8.30 5.25 3.71 2.62 2.35 1.66 1.17 .83 .74 .59 .48 .41 .37 .30  12.92 8.17 5.78 4.09 3.65 2.58 1.83 1.29 1.16 .91 .75 .65 .58 .47  23.71 15.00 10.60 7.50 6.71 4.74 3.35 2.37 2.12 1.68 1.37 1.19 1.06 .87  27.17 17.18 12.15 8.59 7.68 5.43 3.84 2.72 2.43 1.92 1.57 1.36 1.21 .99  29.04 18.37 12.99 9.18 8.21 5.81 4.11 2.90 2.60 2.05 1.68 1.45 1.30 1.06  29.64 18.75 13.26 9.37 8.38 5.93 4.19 2.96 2.65 2.10 1.71 1.48 1.33 1.08  7.37 4.66 3.30 2.33 2.08 1.47 1.04 .74 .66 .52 .43 .37  11.47 7.26 5.13 3.63 3.24 2.29 1.62 1.15 1.03 .81 .66 .57  21.06 13.32 9.42 6.66 5.96 4.21 2.98 2.11 1.88 1.49 1.22 1.05  24.12 15.26 10.79 7.63 6.82 4.82 3.41 2.41 2.16 1.71 1.39 1.21  25.79 16.31 11.53 8.15 7.29 5.16 3.65 2.58 2.31 1.82 1.49 1.29  26.32 16.65 11.77 8.32 7.44 5.26 3.72 2.63 2.35 1.86 1.52 1.32  50  Part 1: Atlanta and Indianapolis MSA's and Indianapolis and St. Louis cities 2 ........................................................................................................ 5 ........................................................................................................ 10 ...................................................................................................... 20 ...................................................................................................... 25 ...................................................................................................... 50 ...................................................................................................... 100 ................................................................................................. 200 .................................................................................................... 250 .................................................................................................... 400 ................................................................................................... 600 .................................................................................................... Part 2: Boston PMSA and Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill MSA 2 ........................................................................................................ 5 ........................................................................................................ 10 ...................................................................................................... 20 ...................................................................................................... 25 ...................................................................................................... 50 ...................................................................................................... 100 .................................................................................................... 200 .................................................................................................... Part 3: Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA; Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, Miami-Hialeah, Philadelphia, and Portland, Ore. PMSA’s; Columbus, Ohio, Dayton-Springfield, Oklahoma City, and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater MSA’s; and Chicago, Cleveland, and Philadelphia cities 2 ........................................................................................................ 5 ........................................................................................................ 10 ...................................................................................................... 20 ...................................................................................................... 25 ...................................................................................................... 50 ...................................................................................................... 100 .................................................................................................... 200 .................................................................................................... 250 .................................................................................................... 400 .................................................................................................... 600 .................................................................................................... 800 ................................................................................................. 1.000 .............................................................................................. 1,500 ................................................................................................. Part 4: Bergen-Passaic, Detroit, and Newark PMSA’s and Detroit city 2 ........................................................................................................ 5 ........................................................................................................ 10 ...................................................................................................... 20 ...................................................................................................... 25 ...................................................................................................... 50 .................................................................................................... 100 .................................................................................................... 200 .................................................................................................... 250 .................................................................................................... 400 ........... 600 .................................................................................................... 800 ....................................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  196  Table B-36. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities —Continued Area and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  8.03 5.08 3.59 2.54 2.27 1.61 1.14 .80 .72 .57 .46 .40  12.49 7.90 5.59 3.95 3.53 2.50 1.77 1.25 1.12 .88 .72 .62  22.93 14.50 10.26 7.25 6.49 4.59 3.24 2.29 2.05 1.62 1.32 1.15  26.27 16.62 11.75 8.31 7.43 5.25 3.72 2.63 2.35 1.86 1.52 1.31  28.09 17.76 12.56 8.88 7.94 5.62 3.97 2.81 2.51 1.99 1.62 1.40  28.66 18.13 12.82 9.06 8.11 5.73 4.05 2.87 2.56 2.03 1.65 1.43  7.68 4.86 3.44 2.43 2.17 1.54 1.09 .77 .69 .54 .44 .38 .34 .28 .24  11.96 7.57 5.35 3.78 3.38 2.39 1.69 1.20 1.07 .85 .69 .60 .53 .44 .38  21.96 13.89 9.82 6.94 6.21 4.39 3.11 2.20 1.96 1.55 1.27 1.10 .98 .80 .69  25.15 15.91 11.25 7.95 7.11 5.03 3.56 2.52 2.25 1.78 1.45 1.26 1.12 .92 .80  26.89 17.01 12.03 8.50 7.61 5.38 3.80 2.69 2.41 1.90 1.55 1.34 1.20 .98 .85  27.44 17.36 12.27 8.68 7.76 5.49 3.88 2.74 2.45 1.94 1.58 1.37 1.23 1.00 .87  5.39 3.41 2.41 1.70 1.52  8.39 5.30 3.75 2.65 2.37  15.39 9.73 6.88 4.87 4.35  17.63 11.15 7.88 5.58 4.99  18.85 11.92 8.43 5.96 5.33  19.24 12.17 8.60 6.08 5.44  9.50 6.01 4.25 3.01 2.69 1.90 1.34 .95 .85 .67 .55 .48  14.80 9.36 6.62 4.68 4.19 2.96 2.09 1.48 1.32 1.05 .85 .74  27.16 17.18 12.14 8.59 7.68 5.43 3.84 2.72 2.43 1.92 1.57 1.36  31.11 19.68 13.91 9.84 8.80 6.22 4.40 3.11 2.78 2.20 1.80 1.56  33.26 21.04 14.87 10.52 9.41 6.65 4.70 3.33 2.97 2.35 1.92 1.66  33.95 21.47 15.18 10.73 9.60 6.79 4.80 3.39 3.04 2.40 1.96 1.70  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  50  Part 5: Anaheim-Santa Ana, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Oakland, Riverside-San Bernardino, San Francisco, and San Jose PMSA's; Sacramento and San Diego MSA’s; and Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco cities 2 ........................................................................................................ 5 ........................................................................................................ 10 ...................................................................................................... 20 ....................................................................................................... 25 ....................................................................................................... 50 ....................................................................................................... 100..................................................................................................... 200 ..................................................................................................... 250 ..................................................................................................... 400 .................................................................................................... 600 ..................................................................................................... 800 ..................................................................................................... Part 6: New York and Seattle PMSA’s; Baltimore, Minneapolis-St. Paul, New Orleans, and Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News MSA’s; St. Louis; and Baltimore and New York cities 2 ................................................................................................. ....... 5 ......................................................................................................... 10 ....................................................................................................... 20 ....................................................................................................... 25 ....................................................................................................... 50 ....................................................................................................... 100 ..................................................................................................... 200 ..................................................................................................... 250 ..................................................................................................... 400 ................................................................................................. 600 ..................................................................................................... 800 .................................................................................................... 1,000 ................................................................................................. 1,500 .................................................................................................. 2,000 ................................................................................................ Part 7: Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA and Salt Lake City-Ogden MSA 2 ......................................................................................................... 5 ..................................................................................■...................... 10 ....................................................................................................... 20 ....................................................................................................... 25 ............................................................................. Part 8: ■ Buffalo-Niagara Falls, Dallas-Fort Worth, Denver-Boulder, and Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA’s; Houston, Milwaukee, and Nassau-Suffolk PMSA's; Kansas City, Louisville, Memphis, Phoenix, Rochester, San Antonio, and Washington, D.C. MSA’s; and Dallas, Houston, Milwaukee, Phoenix, and San Antonio cities 2 ......................................................................................................... 5 ......................................................................................................... 10 ....................................................................................................... 20 ....................................................................................................... 25...................................................................................................... 50 ....................................................................................................... 100..................................................................................................... 200 ................................................................................................... 250 .................................................................................... 400 ....................................................................... 600 .................................................................................................... 800 ....................................................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  197  Table B-37. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin by selected metropolitan areas and cities Area and size of population (In thousands)  Estimated rate (percent) 2 or 98  5 or 95  20 or 80  30 or 70  40 or 60  50  13.35 8.44 5.97 4.22 3.78 2.67  20.78 13.14 9.29 6.57 5.88 4.16  38.14 24.12 17.06 12.06 10.79 7.63  43.70 27.64 19.54 13.82 12.36 8.74  46.71 29.54 20.89 14.77 13.21 9.34  47.68 30.15 21.32 15.08 13.48 9.54  7.16 4.53 3.20 2.26 2.02 1.43 1.01  11.14 7.05 4.98 3.52 3.15 2.23 1.58  20.45 12.93 9.14 6.47 5.78 4.09 2.89  23.43 14.82 10.48 7.41 6.63 4.69 3.31  25.04 15.84 11.20 7.92 7.08 5.01 3.54  25.56 16.17 11.43 8.08 7.23 5.11 3.61  9.43 5.96 4.22 2.98 2.67 1.89 1.33 .94 .84 .67 .54 .47 .42 .34 .30 .27  14.68 9.28 6.56 4.64 4.15 2.94 2.08 1.47 1.31 1.04 .85 .73 .66 .54 .46 .42  26.93 17.03 12.05 8.52 7.62 5.39 3.81 2.69 2.41 1.90 1.56 1.35 1.20 .98 .85 .76  30.86 19.52 13.80 9.76 8.73 6.17 4.36 3.09 2.76 2.18 1.78 1.54 1.38 1.13 .98 .87  32.99 20.86 14.75 10.43 9.33 6.60 4.67 3.30 2.95 2.33 1.90 1.65 1.48 1.20 1.04 .93  33.67 21.29 15.06 10.65 9.52 6.73 4.76 3.37 3.01 2.38 1.94 1.68 1.51 1.23 1.06 .95  9.65 6.10 4.31 3.05 2.73 1.93 1.36 .96 .86 .68 .56 .48  15.02 9.50 6.72 4.75 4.25 3.00 2.12 1.50 1.34 1.06 .87 .75  27.56 17.43 12.33