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R3

eographic Profile
of Employment
and Unemployment, 1987

m**

U.S. Department ot Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
April 1988

U.S. DEPP "TORY

MAY 1 6 1988

Bulletin 2305

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Geographic Profile
of Employment
and Unemployment, 1987
U.S. Department of Labor
Ann McLaughlin, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner
April 1988
Bulletin 2305

■

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402

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o>

Preface

Data on labor force, employment, and unemployment in
State and sub-State areas are available from two major
sources—the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the
Federal-State Cooperative Program.
This bulletin presents 1987 annual averages from the CPS,
a nationwide sample survey of about 59,500 households, for
Census regions, States, 50 large metropolitan areas, and 17
cities. Included are data for the employed and unemployed
by selected demographic and economic characteristics.
Comparable data for 1980-86 were published in previous
issues of Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemploy­
ment as follows: 1986, Bulletin 2279; 1985, Bulletin 2266;
1984, Bulletin 2234; 1983 Bulletin 2216; 1982, Bulletin
2170; and 1981 and 1980, Bulletin 2156. Bulletin 2156 also
provided instructions for adjusting 1970 census-based data
for earlier years to reflect 1980 census population counts.
The Federal-State Cooperative Program provides monthly
estimates for all but the 11 largest States, metropolitan areas,
' and cities, which are the official monthly labor force series
and the basis for determining the eligibility of an area for
benefits under Federal economic assistance programs. (The
Current Population Survey provides data for the 11 largest
States.) The estimates are prepared by the employment secu­
rity agency in each State, using concepts, definitions, and


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estimation procedures established by BLS. Under this pro­
gram, annual average labor force estimates for all States,
the District of Columbia, the Los Angeles Metropolitan
Statistical Area, and New York City are obtained directly
from the CPS and are identical to those published in this
bulletin. Annual average estimates for the remaining
metropolitan areas and cities, however, are derived using
BLS estimation procedures. These annual average estimates
for 1987 will appear in the May 1988 issue of Employment
and Earnings and in the annual report, Unemployment in
States and Local Areas.
Labor force, employment, and unemployment data from
the CPS for metropolitan areas and cities are shown in tables
23-27 of this bulletin. They differ from the official esti­
mates produced through the Federal-State Cooperative
Program. They are provided because they are the only cur­
rent source of information on demographic and economic
characteristics of these areas.
This bulletin was prepared by the Data Users’ and Publi­
cation Services Group and the Data Services Group in col­
laboration with the Division of Local Area Unemployment
Statistics.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and, with
appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission.

iii


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Contents

Page
Geographic profile of employment and unemployment, 1987 ............................................................

1

Section I. Estimates for Census regions and divisions.........................................................................
Tables: Census regions and divisions, 1987 annual averages:
1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and marital status.....................................................................................
2. Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time status,
sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin...................................................................................
3. Employment status of the experiehced civilian labor force by occupation...................
4. Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race,
and Hispanic origin...............................................................................................................
5. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force for private
nonagricultural wage and salary workers by industry...................................................
6. Percent distribution of private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by
industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin...........................................................................
7. Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work...................
8. Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less
than 35 hours, and usual status ..........................................................................................
9. Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race,
Hispanic origin, and reason not at work...........................................................................
10. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and reason for unemployment..............................................................
11. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and duration of unemployment..............................................................

2

Section II: Estimates for States.................................................................................................................
Charts:
1. Unemployment rates by State, 1987 annual averages........................................................
2. Changes in State unemployment rates, 1986-87 ................................................................
Tables: States, 1987 annual averages:
12. Employment status of the-civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and marital status.....................................................................................
13. Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and part-time
status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin......................................................................
14. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by occupation...................
15. Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race,
Hispanic origin, and occupation.........................................................................................
16. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by industry........................
17. Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin,and industry
18. Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work...................
19. Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less
than 35 hours, and usual status .........................................................................................
20. Employed civilians with a job but not at work by reason...............................................
21. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and reason for unemployment..............................................................
22. Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and duration of employment..................................................................


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v

3
8
10
14
20
23
29
31
33
35
37
39
40
40

41
55
60
64
69
72
77
82
86
87
91

Contents—Continued

Page
Section III. Estimates for metropolitan areas and cities......................................................................
Tables: Metropolitan areas and cities, 1987 annual averages:
23. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race,
Hispanic origin, and marital status.....................................................................................
24. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force by occupation...................
25. Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race,
Hispanic origin, and occupation..........................................................................................
26. Employment status of the experienced civilian labor force for
nonagricultural workers by industry...................................................................................
27. Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries
by sex, race, and Hispanic origin.....................................................................................

130

Appendixes:
A. Concepts and definitions of data derived from the Current Population Survey..............
B. Sampling and estimation procedures and sampling error tables........................................
Index to tables B-8 to B-13 for rates by Census region and division..........................
Index to tables B-20 to B-25 for rates by State ..............................................................
Index to tables B-32 to B-37 for rates by metropolitan area and city ..........................
C. Geographic boundary definitions............................................................................................

136
138
147
165
189
204


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vi

95

96
115
120
126

Geographic Profile
of Employment and
Unemployment, 1987

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is the regular
monthly survey of about 59,500 households from which the
national unemployment rate is derived. (See appendix A for
concepts and definitions used in the CPS, and appendix B for
a description of the estimation procedure.)
Annual average estimates of the labor force by demo­
graphic characteristics (age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin)
and economic characteristics of the employed and unem­
ployed are published in this bulletin only if they meet the
BLS standards of reliability for publication. (See appendix
B for an explanation of the BLS standards for CPS data.)


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Estimates for census regions and divisions are shown in sec­
tion I; States are shown in section II; and metropolitan areas
and cities are shown in section III.
Since the estimates are based on a survey rather than on
a complete census of the population, they are subject to sam­
pling error. Consequently, error ranges have been provided,
at a 90-percent confidence interval, for the unemployment
rates in the first table of section I, II, and III. In addition,
appendix B provides tables from which the sampling error
ranges can be obtained from the data in other tables in these
sections.

1

Section I. Estimates for Census Regions
and Divisions


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Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian nonlnstitutlonal population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian labor force
Area and population group

institutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Unemployment

Employment
Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

UNITED STATES2
6.2

6.1

6.2

6.1

6.2

6.1

16.9

16.4

- 6.3
- 6.3
- 6.3
- 17.4

5,501
3,132
2,369
995

5.3
5.4
5.2
14.4

5.2
5.3
5.1
13.9

- 5.4
- 5.5
- 5.3
“ 14.9

55.6
62.0
50.3
27.1

1,684
826
858
312

13.0
12.7
13.2
34.7

12.6

- 13.3
- 13.3
- 13.7
36.4

7,790
4,713
3,077
474

60.5
74.0
47.4
35.6

751
451
300
136

8.8

8.7
8.9
22.3

71.1
67.4
52.2

28,355
68,372
15,713

63.7
64.7
48.4

3,301
2,898
1,225

10.4
4.1
7.2

10.2

24,924
13,728
11,197
1,577

63.9
74.9
54.1
52.9

23,805
13,083
10,722
1,398

61.0
71.4
51.8
46.9

1,120

645
475
179

4.5
4.7
4.2
11.4

4.4
4.5
4.1

34,629
16,364
18,265
2,554

22,237
12,350
9,886
1,437

64.2
75.5
54.1
56.3

21,337
11,829
9,508
1,287

61.6
72.3
52.1
50.4

900
521
379
150

4.0
4.2
3.8
10.4

3.9
4.0
3.6
9.6

Black..........................................
Men...........................................
Women....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..

3,566
1,555

2,151
1,067
1,084

54.8
61.6
49.6
25.9

9.1
10.3
7.9

120

1,956
958
998
93

196

360

60.3
68.7
53.9
33.3

27

22.2

8.4
9.3
7.0
18.0

- 9.8
- 11.3
8.8
- 26.5

Hispanic origin.........................
Men...........................................
Women.....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..

2,287

1,328
769
559
74

58.1
76.1
43.8
33.5

1,228
709
519
58

53.7
70.2
40.7
26.4

100

7.5
7.7
7.2

6.7
6.7

21.2

16.1

- 8.3
8.8
- 8.3
- 26.3

Single (never married)...........
Married, spouse present .......
Other marital status3...............

10,684
21,608
6,725

7,472
14,334
3,118

69.9
66.3
46.4

6,933
13,911
2,961

64.9
64.4
44.0

539
423
157

7.2
3.0
5.0

6.9
4.7

“

7.5
3.1
5.4

Total ...........................................
Men...........................................
Women .....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..

9,971
4,692
5,279
773

6,829
3,661
3,167
475

68.5
78.0
60.0
61.5

6,601
3,538
3,062
433

66.2

228
123
105
42

3.3
3.4
3.3
8.9

3.2
3.1
3.0
7.8

“

3.5
3.6
3.6

White.........................................
Men..........................................

9,493
4,463
5,030
722

6,503
3,485
3,018
452

68.5
78.1
60.0
62.6

6,295
3,373
2,922
414

66.3
75.6
58.1
57.4

208

3.2
3.2
3.2
8.4

3.0
3.0
2.9
7.3

_
-

358
172
186

248
134
114

69.2
77.8
61.2

231
125
106

64.5
72.8
56.8

17
9

6.7
6.4
7.0

5.2
4.4
4.8

_
_

258
119
139

163
95

63.3
80.0
48.9

153

10

6.1

7
3

7.5
4.2

4.4
5.0

65

59.4
74.1
46.9

_
_

7.8
9.9
6.4

2,710
5,626
1,635

2,040
3,950
839

75.3
70.2
51.3

1,931
3,863
806

71.3
68.7
49.3

109
87
32

5.3

_

5.8
2.4
4.4

Total .............................................
Men.............................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....

182,753
86,899
95,853
14,606

119,865
66,207
53,658
7,988

65.6
76.2
56.0
54.7

112,440
62,107
50,334
6,640

61.5
71.5
52.5
45.5

7,425
4,101
3,324
1,347

White...........................................
Men............................................
Women......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

156,958
75,189
81,769
11,939

103,290
57,779
45,510
6,893

65.8
76.8
55.7
57.7

97,789
54,647
43,142
5,898

62.3
72.7
52.8
49.4

Black...........................................
Men............................................
Women......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

20,352
9,128
11,224
2,163

12,993
6,486
6,507
899

63.8
71.1
58.0
41.6

11,309
5,661
5,648
587

Hispanic origin..........................
Men............................................
Women......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

12,867
6,371
6,496
1,332

8,541
5,163
3,377
610

66.4
81.0
52.0
45.8

Single (never married)............
Married, spouse present ........
Other marital status3................

44,543
105,755
32,455

31,657
71,270
16,939

Total ............................................
Men............................................
Women ......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

39,018
18,318
20,700
2,980

White..........................................
Men...........................................
Women....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..

12.2

12.7
33.0
8.4
8.3
8.3
20.6

4.0
7.0

-

”

9.1
9.2
9.4
24.0
10.6

4.2
7.5

Northeast Region

2,011

1,010

1,277
221

110
86

60
40
16

10.6

6.0

2.8

“
-

4.6
4.9
4.4
12.2

4.2
4.4
4.0
11.2

New England
Division

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .

Men..........................................

Hispanic origin........................
Men..........................................

Single (never married) ..........
Married, spouse present ......
Other marital status3..............

68

75.4
58.0
56.0

88

See footnotes at end of table.


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3

112

96
38

8

2.0

4.9

2.2

2.0

3.8

3.3

-

10.0

3.4
3.5
3.5
9.5
8.2

8.4
9.3

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

62.3
73.9
52.1
49.9

17,204
9,544
7,660
965

59.2
70.0
49.7
43.7

892
522
370
137

4.9
5.2
4.6
12.4

4.8
5.0
4.4
11.4

- 5.1
- 5.4
- 4.9
- 13.5

4.4
4.6
4.1
11.4

4.2
4.4
3.9
10.3

- 4.6
- 4.8
- 4.4
- 12.4

9.4
10.9

8.7
9.7
7.1
17.8

- 10.1
- 12.0
- 9.0
- 27.4

6.8

- 8.5
- 8.9
- 8.9
- 26.6

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Middle Atlantic
Division

Total ..................................................
Men.................................................
Women ...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

29,047
13,626
15,421
2,207

18,096
10,066
8,030

White................................................
Men................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

25,136
11,901
13,235
1,832

15,734
8,865
6,869
985

62.6
74.5
51.9
53.7

15,042
8,456
6,585
873

59.8
71.1
49.8
47.6

692
409
283

Black.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

3,208
1,383
1,825
318

1,904
934
970

59.3
67.5
53.2
31.9

1,725
832
892
78

53.8
60.2
48.9
24.7

179

Hispanic origin................................
Men............................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

2,030
892
1,138
193

1,165
674
491
61

57.4
75.5
43.2
31.8

1,075
621
454
49

53.0
69.7
39.9
25.2

90
52
37
13

20.8

Single (never married) ...................
Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status3......................

7,974
15,983
5,090

5,432
10,384
2,279

68.1

5,002
10,048
2,154

62.7
62.9
42.3

430
336
125

7.9
3.2
5.5

7.5
31
5.0

Total ...................................................
Men................................................
Women .........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........

44,806
21,313
23,493
3,534

29,826
16,437
13,389
2,154

77.1
57.0
60.9

27,840
15,304
12,536
1,811

62.1
71.8
53.4
51.2

1,986
1,133
853
342

6.7
6.9
6.4
15.9

6.5
6.7

White.........................................
Men...............................................
Women.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

40,263
19,245
21,018
3,083

27,022
15,010

25,500
14,113
11,388
1,697

63.3
73.3
54.2
55.0

1,521
897
624
263

5.6

1,960

67.1
78.0
57.2
63.6

Black.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

3,849
1,720
2,129
386

2,380
1,188
1,192
167

61.8
69.1
56.0
43.4

1,954
976
978
93

50.8
56.7
45.9
24.2

427

Hispanic origin ................................
Men........................................
Women........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

841
424
417

581
350
230
50

69.0
82.5
55.3
49.7

522
313
209
42

62.1
73.7
50.2
41.5

Single (never married)...................
Married, spouse present ..............
Other marital status3......................

10,711
26,511
7,584

7,860
18,103
3,862

73.4
68.3
50.9

6,965
17,324
3,551

65.0
65.3
46.8

895
779
312

Total..................................................
Men .........................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........

31,597
14,980
16,617
2,552

20,766
11,468
9,298
1,511

65.7
76.6
56.0
59.2

19,279
10,614
8,665
1,249

61.0
70.8
52.1
48.9

1,487
854
633
263

17.4

White................................................
Men..................................................
Women...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

27,835
13,267
14,568
2,181

18,469
10,297
8,172
1,356

66.4
77.6
56.1
62.2

17,370
9,642
7,728
1,161

62.4
72.7
53.0
53.2

1,099
655
444
195

5.9
6.4
5.4
14.4

Black.................................................
Men..................................................
Women...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

3,289
1,479
1,810
334

2,003
1,006
997
143

60.9
55.1
42.9

1,637
821
816
77

49.8
55.5
45.1
23.2

366
186
180

18.3
18.5
18.1
45.8

Hispanic origin................................
Men .......................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

715
363
352

488
298
190
44

68.3
82.3
54.0
49.9

441
266
175
37

61.7
73.4
49.7
42.4

47
32
15
7

9.6
10.7
7.9
15.1

Single (never married)...................
Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status3......................

7,762
18,348
5,487

5,619
12,374
2,772

72.4
67.4
50.5

4,935
11,802
2,542

63.6
64.3
46.3

684
572
231

12.2

1,102

101

65.0
44.8

112

101

78
23

8.0
22.6

7.7
7.8
7.6

6.7
6.3
15.1

-

6.0

Midwest Region

100

12,012

66.6

212

214
74
59
37
21
8

15.0

- 6.8
- 7.1
- 6.6
- 16.8

5.2
13.4

5.5
5.7
5.0
12.5

- 5.8
- 6.2
- 5.4
- 14.3

17.9
17.9
18.0
44.3

17.0
16.5
16.6
39.2

-

6.0

6.1

18.9
19.2
19.3
49.4

10.1

8.6

10.7
9.2
16.5

8.7
7.0
10.3

11.4
4.3

11.0

-

11.8

8.1

7.6

-

8.6

7.2
7.4

6.9
7.2
6.5
16.2

- 7.4
- 7.7
- 7.1
- 18.5

5.7
5.1
13.3

- 6.2
- 66
- 57
- 15.5

17.2
17.0
16.6
40.2

-

- 11.6
- 12.6
- 11.5
- 22.7

East North Central
Division

88

68.0

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4

66

6.8

4.6
8.3

6.1

8.1
8.6

5.6
8.8

- 11.2
- 12.8
- 10.2
- 21.5

11.7
7.7

19.3
19.9
19.6
51.5

12 7
-

9.0

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Employment

Civilian labor force

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Total ...................................................
Men...................................................
Women .............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..........

13,209
6,333
6,876
983

9,060
4,969
4,091
642

White.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

12,428
5,979
6,449
902

8,553
4,713
3,839
604

Black.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................

561
241
320

Hispanic origin................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................

126
62
65

Area and population group

Unemployment

Number

Percent of
population

8,561
4,690
3,871
563

64.8
74.1
56.3
57.3

499
279

78.8
59.5
66.9

8,130
4,470
3,659
536

65.4
74.8
56.7
59.4

423
243
180

377
182
195

67.3
75.5
61.1

317
155
161

92
52
40

73.1
84.0
62.6

81
47
34

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

West North Central
Division
68.6

78.5
59.5
65.4
68.8

5.5
5.6
5.4
12.4

5.2
5.2
5.0
10.9

_
-

68

4.9
5.2
4.7
11.3

4.7
4.8
4.3
9.8

-

56.5
64.5
50.5

61
27
34

16.0
14.6
17.4

13.8
11.5
14.1

_ 18.3
- 17.8

63.9
75.4
52.9

12

12.6

8.6

5

10.2

- 16.6
- 15.1

6

15.6

5.3
8.9

9.4
3.6
7.4

8.7
3.3
6.5

220

80

2,949
8,163
2,098

2,241
5,729
1,090

76.0
70.2
52.0

2,030
5,522
1,009

68.9
67.6
48.1

210

Total ...................................................
Men...................................................
Women .............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........

62,322
29,554
32,768
5,184

40,579
22,342
18,238
2,662

65.1
75.6
55.7
51.3

37,819
20,892
16,928
2,123

60.7
70.7
51.7
41.0

2,760
1,450
1,310
538

White.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

50,193
24,094
26,099
3,862

32,660
18,385
14,276
2,098

65.1
76.3
54.7
54.3

30,869
17,388
13,480
1,756

61.5
72.2
51.7
45.5

1,792
996
795
342

5.5
5.4
5.6
16.3

Black.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

11,155
4,998
6,156
1,237

7,274
3,601
3,673
533

65.2
72.0
59.7
43.1

6,347
3,171
3,176
344

56.9
63.4
51.6
27.8

926
429
497
189

12.7
11.9
13.5
35.5

Hispanic origin .................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

4,227
2,123
2,104
428

2,845
1,709
1,136
196

67.3
80.5
54.0
45.8

2,582
1,552
1,030
148

61.1
73.1
48.9
34.5

263
157
106
48

9.3
9.2
9.3
24.7

Single (never married) ...................
Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status3......................

14,072
36,631
11,619

9,669
24,731
6,179

68.7
67.5
53.2

8,477
23,657
5,685

60.2
64.6
48.9

1,192
1,074
494

12.3
4.3

Total ...................................................
Men...................................................
Women .............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........

31,539
14,859
16,680
2,509

20,636
11,171
9,465
1,354

65.4
75.2
56.7
53.9

19,578
10,653
8,926
1,133

62.1
71.7
53.5
45.2

1,058
518
539

White.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........

24,745
11,803
12,942
1,772

16,061
8,922
7,140
1,018

64.9
75.6
55.2
57.4

15,437
8,589
6,848
894

62.4
72.8
52.9
50.5

624
332
292
124

Black .................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........

6,351
2,843
3,507
698

4,273
2,087
2,185
319

67.3
73.4
62.3
45.7

3,853
1,910
1,943
226

60.7
67.2
55.4
32.4

419
177
242
93

Hispanic origin ................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........

1,342

944
541
403
54

70.3
81.0
59.8
48.2

891
512
379
48

66.4
76.6
56.3
42.8

53
29
24

Single (never married) ...................
Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status3......................

7,412
18,185
5,942

5,271
12,215
3,150

71.1
67.2
53.0

4,771
11,845
2,962

64.4
65.1
49.8

Single (never married) ...................
Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status3......................

208
81

5.8
6.0

5.8
- 13.9
-

-

-

5.2
5.5
5.1
12.8

20.6

22.2

10.1

-

3.9
8.4

_
-

7.0
6.7
7.4

South Region
6.8

6.6

6.5
7.2

6.3
6.9
19.3

20.2

-

"

21.1

5.3
5.2
5.3
15.3

_ 5.6
- 5.6
- 5.8
- 17.2

12.2

_ 13.2
12.6
- 14.3
- 38.1

11.2
12.8

32.9
8.6

8.3
8.3
21.3

_
-

9.9
10.1

10.4
- 28.1
-

11.9
4.2
7.6

- 12.7
4.5
- 8.4

5.1
4.6
5.7
16.3

4.9
4.4
5.4
15.2

_

3.9
3.7
4.1

3.7
3.5
3.8

_

12.2

11.0

9.8
8.5
29.2

9.3
7.8
10.3
26.2

_ 10.4
9.2
- 11.9
- 32.1

5.6
5.4
5.8

4.7
4.3
4.5

6

11.2

6.1

- 6.5
6.6
- 7.2
- 16.3

500
370
188

9.5
3.0

9.0

6.0

5.5

8.0

South Atlantic
Division

668

674
111

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5

220

11.1

2.8

5.3
- 4.9
6.0
- 17.4
4.1
- 4.0
- 4.4
- 13.3

_
-

“

10.0

3.2
6.5

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian abor force

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

11,372
5,328
6,044
980

3,918
3,149
461

Employment

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

47.0

6,500
3,623
2,877
349

47.6
35.6

566
295
272
112

8.0
7.5
8.6
24.2

7.6
6.9
7.9
21.6

50.4

5,377
3,049
2,328
302

58.7
70.3
48.3
41.1

358
193
165
69

6.2
5.9
6.6
18.5

5.8
5.4
5.9
15.9

21.2

1,092

208

14.6
13.5
14.6
41.1

17.4
17.4
18.6
54.8

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate1

East South Central
Division

Men...........................................
Women ..........................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........
White........................................

57.2
68.0

8.5
8.1

9.3
26.8

Women........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

9,158
4,340
4,819
736

Men.......................................
Women.........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

2,166
967
1,199
242

658
642
89

36.9

ooo
47

50.4
57.6
44.6
19.2

43

16.0
15.5
16.6
47.9

Other marital status3......................

2,419
6,684
2,269

1,525
4,438
1,103

63.0
66.4
48.6

1,277
4,218
1,005

52.8
63.1
44.3

248
220
98

16.3
5.0
8.9

15.0
4.5
7.7

17.5
5.4
10.1

19,411
9,367
10,044
1,695

12,877

847

56.0
50.0

11,741
6,616
5,125
641

60.5
70.6
51.0
37.8

1,136
637
499
206

8.8
8.8
8.9
24.4

8.5
8.4
8.4

22.8

9.1
9.2
9.3
25.9

10,864

66.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

16,290
7,952
8,339
1,354

4,642
709

52.4

10,055
5,750
4,304
560

61.7
72.3
51.6
41.4

809
471
338
149

7.4
7.6
7.3
21.0

7.1
7.2
6.8
19.4

7.8
8.0
7.8
22.7

1,402

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

2,638
1,188
1,449
297

53.2
59.3
48.1
24.0

299
150
149
53

17.6
17.6
17.6
42.8

16.3
15.7
15.7
36.3

18.8
19.4
19.4
49.2

1,875
722
141

45.0

100

58.5
71.4
45.3
31.7

209
127
82
42

11.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

2,850
1,437
1,413
315

11.0
11.3
29.6

10.2
9.9
9.8
25.4

12.1
12.2
12.8
33.8

Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status3......................

4,241
11,762
3,408

2,873
8,077
1,927

67.8
68.7
56.5

2,429
7,594
1,719

57.3
64.6
50.4

444
483
208

15.5
6.0
10.8

14.7
5.7
10.0

16.3
6.3
11.7

55.0

23,018
12,849
10,169
1,312

62.8
72.4
53.7
45.1

1,557
872
685
287

6.3
6.4
6.3
17.9

6.1
6.1
6.0
16.8

6.5
6.6
6.6
19.0

57.4

20,134
11,343
8,791
1,163

63.0
73.1
53.5
47.6

1,288
717
571
240

6.0
5.9
6.1
17.1

5.8
5.7
5.8
16.0

6.2
6.2
6.4
18.2

550
78

59.1
65.1
53.5
31.8

133
73
60
21

11.4
11.7

43.6

1,040
550
490
56

27.2

10.2
10.1
9.3
20.4

12.6
13.4
12.6
33.9

3,772

00 7

3,445
2,131
1,314
226

62.8
76.1
48.9
38.9

328
195
132
63

8.7
8.4
9.2
21.9

8.1

18.8

9.3
9.1
10.1
25.0

5,998
13,502
3,518

65.9
64.2
53.9

675
621
261

10.1
4.4
6.9

9.7
4.2
6.4

10.6
4.6
7.4

5,735
2^494
371

102
107

6.7
6.5
7.3

West South Central
Division

Total...................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........
White........................................

5^624

855
846
125

42.0

698
71
1,666

1,026

West Region

Total ..............................................
Women ..........................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........

36,660
17,739
18,921
2,908

Women...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

31,944
15,519
16,425
2,443

Men.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

1,760
845
916
178
5,489
2,802

1,599

1^402

2,688

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......

581

289

49.8

Other marital status3......................

9,095
21,034
6,530

6,674
14.123
3,779

73.4
67.1

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

6

11.0

7.7
8.2

Table 1. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex,
age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian labor force

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Total ...................................................
Men...................................................
Women .............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........

9,537
4,604
4,933
774

6,423
3,571
2,852
466

67.3
77.6
57.8
60.2

5,960
3,307
2,653
376

62.5
71.8
53.8
48.6

463
264
199
90

7.2
7.4
7.0
19.3

6.9
7.0
6.5
17.7

- 7.5
- 7.8
- 7.4
- 20.9

White.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

8,979
4,342
4,637
718

6,051
3,371
2,679
440

67.4
77.6
57.8
61.3

5,640
3,137
2,503
360

62.8
72.2
54.0
50.1

410
234
176
80

6.8

7.0

6.5
6.5

6.6

6.1

18.3

16.7

- 7.1
- 7.4
- 7.0
- 19.9

143
77

61.0
69.4
53.6

20

12.2

9

10.9
13.7

9.6
7.5
9.6

- 14.9
- 14.4
- 17.8

11.8

10.7

12.1

10.6

Area and population group

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Mountain Division

Black.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................

235

163

111

86

124

77

69.5
77.9
62.1

Hispanic origin.................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

1,228
606
622
145

815
481
334
76

66.4
79.4
53.7
52.1

719
423
296
54

58.£
69.8
47.6
37.2

97
58
38
22

11.5
28.5

9.7
24.0

-

Single (never married) ...................
Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status3
1 2......................

2,070
5,796
1,670

1,539
3,905
979

74.3
67.4
58.6

1,362
3,701
897

65.8
63.8
53.7

177
204
82

11.5
5.2
8.4

10.7
4.9
7.5

- 12.3
- 5.6
- 9.2

Total ...................................................
Men...................................................
Women .............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........

27,123
13,135
13,988
2,134

18,152
10,151

17,058
9,542
7,516
936

62.9
72.6
53.7
43.8

1,094
608
486
197

6.0

1,132

66.9
77.3
57.2
53.1

17.4

5.8
5.7
5.7
16.0

- 6.3
- 6.3
- 6.4
- 18.7

White.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

22,964
11,176
11,788
1,725

15,371
8,689
6,682
962

66.9
77.7
56.7
55.8

14,494
8,206
6,288
803

63.1
73.4
53.3
46.5

878
483
395
159

5.7
5.6
5.9
16.6

5.5
5.2
5.5
15.1

- 5.9
- 5.9
- 6.3
- 18.0

Black.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

1,526
734
792
155

1,010

66.2

58.8
64.4
53.5
31.0

114
64
50
17

9.9

73.1
59.8
42.3

897
473
424
48

11.2

537
473
65

11.9
10.5
26.7

10.0

- 12.6
- 13.8
- 12.4
- 34.4

Hispanic origin................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

4,262
2,196
2,066
435

2,957
1,845
213

69.4
84.0
53.8
49.1

2,726
1,708
1,018
172

64.0
77.8
49.3
39.4

231
137
94
42

7.8
7.4
8.5
19.6

7.3
15.9

Single (never married)...................
Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status3......................

7,025
15,238
4,860

5,134
10,218
2,800

73.1
67.1
57.6

4,636
9,801
2,621

66.0

498
417
179

9.7
4.1
6.4

9.2
3.8
5.8

66

11

13.0
13.6
13.2
33.0

Pacific Division

8,002

1,112

1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval,
which means that if repeated samples were drawn from the same popula­
tion and an error range constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out
of 10 cases the true value based on a complete census of the population
would be contained within these error ranges.
2 Because of separate processing and weighting procedures, totals for
the United States differ from the results obtained by aggregating the totals
for regions and States.
3 “Other marital status’’ includes divorced, widowed, separated, and mar­


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

64.3
53.9

6.0
6.1

8.6

18.9
7.1
6.6

- 8.5
- 8.3
- 9.6
- 23.3
-

10.2

4.3
7.0

ried with spouse absent.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not
meet BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on
the sample in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or
compute to displayed percentages because of rounding. Detail for race and
Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for the “other
races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the
white and black population groups.

7

Table 2. Census regions and divisions: Civilian employed and unemployed
persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin,
1£87 annual averages
(In thousands)
Employed
Population group and area

Full-time
schedules1

Part time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part time'

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

TOTAL

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

19,519
5,316
14,203

764
164
600

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

22,038
15,335
6,702

1,388
963
425

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

31,209
16,352
5,308
9,549

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

3,522
2,401

891
172
720

229
57
172

4,415
2,980
1,434

1,586
1,196
390

400
291
109

2,007
809
398
800

4,603
2,417
794
1,392

2.253
828
482
943

507
230
84
193

18,513
4,741
13,773

1,242
381
861

3,263
839
2,424

1,247
370
877

310
93
217

Northeast........................................
New England ...............................
Middle Atlantic............................

11,763
3,175
8,588

338

982
296

270

686

560
104
456

85
19
65

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

13,388
9,335
4,053

608
425
183

1,307
853
454

971
733
238

162

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

18,376
9,479
3,175
5,723

973
359
188
426

1,543
815
260
468

1,239
423
258
558

210

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

11,227
2,869
8,358

593
173
420

1,030
265
765

749
22 5
524

123
39
84

Northeast ........................................
New England ...............................
Middle Atlantic............................

7,756
2,141
5,615

426
96
330

2,540
825
1,715

331
263

144
37
107

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

8,649

780
538
242

3,107
2,128
980

615
463
152

238
170

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

12,833
6,874
2,133
3,827

1,035
450
374

3,060
1,602
534
925

1,013
405
224
385

297
135
48
114

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

7,287
1,872
5,415

648
207
441

2,233
574
1,660

497
144
353

188
55
133

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

510
165
345

109
25
84

778
243
536

86

94
23
71

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

559
392
166

212

151
61

1,041
705
336

158
124
34

185
139
46

South...............................................
South Atlantic .............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

806
450
127
229

238
95
44
99

1,079
589
178
312

275
104
103

264
116
44
103

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

447
129
318

148
52
95

717
195
522

135
45
90

152
46
107

1,120

Men

68

121

41

95
36
79

Women

6,000

2,649

210

68

68

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8

20
66

68


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Table 2. Census regions and divisions: Civilian employed and unemployed
persons by full- and part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin,
1987 annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Unemployed

Employed
Population group and area

Full-time
schedules1

Part time for
economic
reasons

Voluntary
part time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

White

702
154
548

197
54
144

4,172
2,795
1,377

1,194
869
326

327
230
97

1,408
514
268
626

3,886
1,987
678

1,448
482
301
665

343
142
57
144

16,129
4,473
11,656

1,081
358
723

2,924
810
2,115

1,026
324
702

262

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

1,706

83

201

8

22

1,504

75

145

155

24

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

1,619
1,358
261

152
131

359
308
51

68

21

183
148
35

South ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

5,137
3,181
849
1,107

562
283
129
150

648
389
114
145

770
335
181
254

157
85
27
45

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

871

63
9
54

106
14
92

112

21

<2>
95

t2)
19

13
<2>

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic...........'...............

17,354
5,051
12,303

672
155
517

3,311
1,090

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

20,111

13,753
6,357

1,218
822
396

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

25,575
12,936
4,432
8,207

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

2,221

1,221

86

175

Black

121

750

167

169
o

27
(12>

58
10

Hispanic origin

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

1,082
130
952

44

102

86

6

17

37

86

<*>
78

Midwest...........................................
East North Central....................
West North Central...................

434
369
65

35
29

54
43

6

11

South ..............................................
South Atlantic............................
West South Central ..................

2,104
741
1,343

228
47
179

250
103
144

220

44
175

44
9
34

West ...............................................

2,839
572
2,267

271
71

334
76
259

276
80
196

52
17
35

Pacific..........................................

200

52
43
o

12

7
4
<2>

NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of
rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups
will not add to totals because data for the "other
races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population
groups.

1 Employed persons with a job but not at work
are distributed according to whether they usually
work full- or part-time.
2 Data are not shown when the labor force base
does not meet BLS publication standards of reliabil­
ity for the particular area, based on the sample in
that area. See appendix B.

9

Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1987 annual
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeas t

Midwest

Employment status and occupation
New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

South

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

West

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

1,316
597
718
76
(2)
(2)
106
216

2,923
1,442
1,481
176
78
192
425

733

212

520

1,912
186
93
50
761
209

4,113
377

7,659
720

1,983
197

5,676
523

125
1,696
424

255
3,025

75
825

2,200

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

6,366
3,179
3,187

1,600
803
797

4,766
2,376
2,390

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Managerial and professional specialty.........................
Executive, administrative, and managerial ..................
Professional specialty ...........................................
Engineers....................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ...............
Health diagnosing occupations....................
Health assessment and treating occupations ....
Teachers, except college and university................

6,516
3,048

1,884
870

4,632
2,178

6,497
3,017

4,517
2,078

1,980
939

9,022
4,426

4,784
2,386

421
194
203
553
782

146
71
51
154

275
123
152
399
561

378
155
182
577
913

276
117
129
396
616

102

37
53
181
297

526
199
240
646
1,231

274
116

Technical, sales, and administrative support.....................
Technicians and related support......................
Health technologists and technicians........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations...........................................
Supervisors and proprietors .............................
Sales representatives, finance and business services...........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services.............................
Administrative support, including clerical .....................................
Computer equipment operators ..............
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing ..............
Mail and message distributing ....................

7,953
758
257
240
2,865
762
540
323
1,229
4,330
205
1,225
537
276

231
78
73
778
205
148
90
331
1,113
52
295
146
70

5,832
527
179
168
2,087
557
392
232
898
3,218
154
930
391
206

8,727
811
304
265
3,366
846
520
394
1,585
4,550
259
1,259
600
249

6,134
562
214
185
2,387
594
376
281
1,123
3,185
185
882
404
170

2,593
249
90
80
979
252
144
113
463
1,364
74
378
195
79

12,345
1,161
410
385
4,916
1,296
754
544
2,309
6,267
304
1,738
832
304

3,261
148
914
388
161

Service occupations..........................................
Private household.....................................

3,290
140
506
2,644
1,093
501
620
429

799
30
93
675
293
127
148
108

2,491
413
1,968
800
374
472
322

4,287
252
399
3,636
1,592
539
882
622

2,939
176
304
2,459
1,095
371
606
387

1,348
76
96
1,176
497
169
276
235

5,365
389
684
4,292
1,823
658
1,061
750

2,737
192
341
2,204
967
316
539
381

758
284
142
194
138

Precision production, craft, and repair ....................
Mechanics and repairers ..................................
Construction trades..............................

2,902
899
1,127

869
240
349

2,033
659
778

3,474
1,157
1,144

2,452
814
791

1,022

343
354

5,234
1,684
2,124

2,662
855
1,148

Operators, fabricators, and laborers......................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors.......
Transportation and material moving occupations...........
Motor vehicle operators.....................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers
Construction laborers...................

3,723
1,749
964
749

1,022

551
232
177
239
39

2,701
1,198
732
572
771
144

5,361
2,585
1,322
974
1,453
236

3,951
1,989
924
677
1,038
172

1,410
596
398
297
415
63

6,997
3,092
1,900
1,349
2,004
341

3,446
1,561

109
23

294
81

1,237
654

582
251

654
403

1,220

539

358

122

Service, except private household and protective....

Cleaning and building service .........................

Farming, forestry, and fishing .................................
Farm operators and managers...........................

221

2,122

1,010

183
403
104

j

110

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

10

121

349
590
6,320
599
191
209
2,460
663
402
267
1,122

886

654
999
162

ft

88

81
382
965
45
251
129
48

2,041
573

983

94

180

47

133

1,686

978
46
105
827
374
89
197
167

2,400

123
232
1,330
572
199
328
231

3,378
208
411
2,759
1,257
324
621
557

977
316
362

1,594
513
614

2,836
897
1,085

232
318

665
767

1,568
769
396
261
403
73

1,983
762
618
434
602
107

3,234

797

2,437

893
660
990
195

185
268
63

475
722
131

258
99

423
137

921
217

89

128

942
73
110

306
883
234
391

Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Total

South

Midwest

Northeast
Employment status and occupation

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

West
East
North
North
Central Central

Total

West

East
West
South
South
South
Atlantic Central Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

4,642
2,313
2,329
341

EMPLOYED

2,834
1,388
1,446
169
64
77
189
416

6,197
3,093
3,104
435
148
172
393
718

1,555
779
775
93

207

136
292
511

1,814
180
91
47
719
204
84
80
349
915
42
242
125
45

3,851
358

7,301
697
196
247
2,881
751
567
316
1,231
3,724
173
931
565
170

1,879
190
46
71
776
199
149
76
347
913
43
244
144
45

5,423
507
150
176
2,105
552
418
239
884
2,810
130
687
421
125

2,550
184
330
2,037
880
296
491
370

850
67

1,497
114

3,120

102

220

682
248
132
172
130

1,163
488
175
285
215

392
2,529
1,136
297
565
531

892
43
98
751
335
80
178
158

2,227
156
293
1,778
801
217
387
373

4,890
1,614
1,932

2,546
830
1,080

905
299
326

1,439
485
526

2,652
855
984

686

216
282

1,966
639
702

1,280
546
366
276
368
47

6,339
2,812
1,770
1,265
1,757
274

3,202
1,450
845
630
907
138

1,400
687
369
246
344
54

1,737
675
556
389
506
83

2,907
1,226
818
613
863
156

704
245
229
170
229
50

2,204
981
588
443
634
107

633
402

1,128
353

504

240
99

384
135

841
214

245
87

596
127

8,816
4,305
4,510
514
195
239
640
1,208

4,691
2,332
2,358
271
114

11,750
1,124
399
366
4,641
1,257
729
533
5,984
292
1,669
798
287

6,085
586
187
204
2,341
643
392
263
1,036
3,158
142
887
377
156

1,249
71
93
1,086
454
157
249
226

4,898
365
651
3,882
1,616
603
948
715

2,294
776
714

962
329
320

3,527
1,789
852
629
885
133
537
250

4,400
2,017
2,383
269
114
128
389
600

1,942
917
1,025

151
397
551

6,342
2,934
3,408
368
151
181
568
893

5,634
512
176
162
2,008
544
383
224
849
3,114
149
906
382
198

8,335
785
295
254
3,194
820
505
384
1,465
4,356
250
1,213
581
238

5,840
543
208
176
2,260
575
366
274
1,033
3,037
178
847
390
161

2,495
242
87
78
934
245
140
432
1,319
72
366
191
76

2,111

764
29
90
644
275
123
142
104

2,351
104
392
1,855
749
355
443
309

3,930
236
382
3,311
1,432
497
790
592

2,680
165
290
2,225
978
341
541
366

2,774
871
1,062

842
234
336

1,932
638
725

3,256
1,105
1,033

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations......................
Motor vehicle operators................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleanerp, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers....................................................................

3,441
1,627
907
707
907
156

968
526

2,473

220

686

Farming, forestry, and fishing............................................................
Farm operators and managers......................................................

373
103

Managerial and professional specialty ............................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial ...................................
Professional specialty ......................................................................
Engineers.........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university..................................

6,397
2,987
3,410
414
191

Technical, sales, and administrative support..................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations ............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors .........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical .....................................
Computer equipment operators..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing ......................................................
Mail and message distributing .....................................................

7,704
740
253
233
2,766
745
529
312
1,168
4,198

Service occupations............................................................................
Private household.............................................................................
Protective service .............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service....................................................................................
Health service .................................................................................
Cleaning and building service .....................................................
Personal service..............................................................................

3,115
134
482
2,500
1,024
478
585
413

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers.................................................................
Construction trades..........................................................................

201

549
769

200

1,192
525
266

1,853
854
999
144
70
50
152
218

4,544
2,133
2,411
270

2,070
228
77
71
758
201

146
89
319
1,085
51
286
143
68

121

169

539

221

686

36

119

4,807
2,335
1,218
905
1,253
180

104
23

269
80

1,170
652

1,101

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

n

100

37
53
179
292

110

120

346
580

120

1,291
585
706
74
<*>
(2)
105
212

121

115
1,582
409
253
190
726
1,911
107
539
296
87

200

0

36
101

120

Table 3. Census regions an0 divisions: Employment status of the experienced’ civilian labor force by occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

South

West

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

155
83
72
9
4

117
61
56
7
3

38

207

22

120

16

86

2

12

1

4

2

1

1

7
24

3

1

11

4

235
13
3

98
5

6

3
42
5
3

South
Atlantic

East
West
South
South
Central Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

UNEMPLOYED

Managerial and professional specialty ..................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial ...................................
Professional specialty ...........................................
Engineers............................................
Mathematical and computer scientists......................................
Health diagnosing occupations....................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university...................................

119
60
59
7
3

31
16
15
2

88

44
44
5
2

1

1

1

4
14

2

3

Technical, sales, and administrative support.........
Technicians and related support........................................
Health technologists and technicians ........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations ...................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ...........................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services...........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical .......................
Computer equipment operators......................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing ......................................................
Mail and message distributing ................................................

249
18
4
7
99
16

51
4

392
26
9

193
9
47
18

p>

1

1

2

9
20

7
16

2

10

294
19

98
7
3

595
37
19
275
39
25

p>
5

6

1

33

9
3

198
14
4
5
80
13
9
9
49
104
5
24
9

10

1

8

11

8

4
3

Service occupations................... .....................................
Private household ............................................
Protective sen/ice ..............................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service ....................................
Health service ...............
Cleaning and building service ................................„...................
Personal service...............................................

175

35
3
31
18
4
3

30
13

358
16
17
324
160
42
93
30

99

1

140
5

258

6

24
144
70
23
35
16

Precision production, craft, and repair ....................................
Mechanics and repairers ........................
Construction trades.....................................

128
27
65

27

100

6

21

13

53

111

Operators, fabricators, and laborers..............................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors...............
Transportation and material moving occupations ......................
Motor vehicle operators.................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers..............................

282
123
57
42

55
26

554
250
104
69

102

27

17
3

228
97
46
33
85
25

56

71
48
153
40

Farming, forestry, and fishing............................................................
Farm operators and managers....................................................

30

6

24

67

45

1

2

1

1
2
20

4

11

2

10

2

60
132

12

28

12

1

6

12
8

P)

21

113
51
20


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

11

8

2

172
27
14

127

10

7
90
148

45
7
4
3
31
46

121

218
52

200

See footnotes at end of table.

12

6

20
10

11

93
54
39
3

119
19
10

1

33
51
3
9
4
4

103

12

6

70
34
16

27

187
9
166
87

27
9

468
24
33
411
207
55
113
36

159
37
77

60
14
34

424

130
50
32

6

21

200

12

2

4

1

11

5

12

89
54
35
7

169
87
83

1

3

1

86

12

3
91
42

2

(2)
(2)

11

8

14
234
117
30
65

12

199
283

35
14

10

25
13

92
6

9
77
36

3
9
262
19
5
10

113
15
11

7
80
130
4
34
19
7
189
9
12

167
84
24
44
16

12

(3)

5

9

358
23
3
9
144
23
16
9
95
191
5
51
19

105
7

254
16

49

95
15

10

2

8

258
9
19
231

86

173

122

11

11

8

345
70
192

116
25
69

73
17
36

156
28

184
42

88

102

658
281
130
84
248
67

244

168
83
26
15
59
19

246
87
63
45
96
24

21

92

18

39

1

6

35
3

1

2

21

p>
2

21

47
16

10

6

48

41
24
93
24

2

p>
(3)

124
63
61

14

20

111

45
24
21

27
56
26

8

5
3
32
48

143

2

16

36

6

3

6

6

13
154
82
18
36
18

77
39
9
20
8

64
16
36

120

326
124
76
47
127
39

93
29
25
15
39
14

233
95
50
32

79
3

23

56

1

2

26
65

88

25

Table 3. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Employment status and occupation
Total

South

Midwest

Northeast
New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

2.6

1.9
2.3
1.5
2.3
2.3
<3)

2.3
2.7
1.9
2.3

1.2
1.6

Total

West

East
South
South
Atlantic Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

2.8

2.6

3.0
2.7
2.3

2.6

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

Managerial and professional specialty ............................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial ..................................
Professional specialty ............................ .........................................
Engineers.........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university..................................

1.8

1.6

1.9

2.0

1.8

2.0

1.5
1.4
1.3
2.3

1.8

2.1

1.7
1.5

2.5
2.5
.4

1.7
1.6

1.4
.7
.7
1.7

2.4
2.7

.2

2.9
2.3
2.5
2.6

.5
1.7
2.5

1.0

.5

1.6

1.6

1.8

2.2

4.8
3.3
2.9
4.5
5.3
3.3

3.8
2.9
3.0
3.0
4.6
3.1
2.4
6.7
3.3

Technical, sales, and administrative support..................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical .....................................
Computer equipment operators ..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing ......................................................
Mail and message distributing ...................................................

3.1
2.4

2.4
1.5

3.4
2.7

1.6

.8

2.0

2.9
3.5

2.1

3.2
3.8
2.3

4.5
3.2
2.9
4.1
5.1
3.2

2.2

2.8

2.6

3.8
5.4
3.2
3.2

2.6

2.7

7.6
4.3
3.5
3.7
3.0
4.6

8.0

3.2
4.9
3.0
2.9
2.7

2.5
1.7
1.7
1.7
3.6
2.5
1.7
3.1

2.2

2.1

3.5

2.0

Service occupations............................................................................
Private household.............................................................................
Protective service..............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service....................................................................................
Health service .................................................................................
Cleaning and building sen/ice .....................................................
Personal service.............................................................................

5.3
4.3
4.8
5.5
6.4
4.7
5.7
3.7

4.4
2.7
3.2
4.6

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers.................................................................
Construction trades..........................................................................

4.4
3.0
5.8

3.1

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations ......................
Motor vehicle operators................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers ....................................................................

7.6
7.0
5.9
5.6

Farming, forestry, and fishing............................................................
Farm operators and managers......................................................

2.1
2.1

10.1

15.0
7.4
.7

6.2

3.1
3.8
3.0

2.6

2.6

2.3
4.0
5.6
4.8
5.2
5.8
6.4
5.2
6.3
4.0

3.6
5.3
4.6
5.0
4.8
7.3
6.7

8.4
8.1
6.2

5.8
11.0

17.2
8.2

2.2

3.8

.6
.8

1.9

1.8

4.8
3.2

3.7

2.6

1.8

4.9
5.6
3.0
3.3

2.7
4.9
2.9
2.5
1.4
7.7
3.1
3.9
2.9

5.3
3.7
3.4
5.3
5.9
4.0
3.5
4.2
8.4
5.0
4.2

4.5
3.1

8.8

5.1
2.9
2.3
5.5
5.5
2.4
3.9

3.3

8.7
5.2
5.7
3.7
3.5
7.7

6.4
5.1
4.1
8.3
6.7
3.5
4.3
3.4
9.9
6.4
3.7
5.9
5.9
7.6

8.7

6.8

9.8

11.2

6.1

4.5
3.5
7.6
9.0
6.4
8.9
3.0

8.8

7.1
5.3

2.0
8.6

4.5
4.1
4.0
4.1
5.3

9.4
9.1

8.1

6.8

3.3
.4

4.7
3.2
1.7
3.4
4.8
3.0
2.7
2.7
7.1
4.9
3.1
5.2
3.3
5.5

2.0

9.2
8.5

.2

.3
1.4
1.7

1.5

10.7

7.7

1.6

p>
1.9
2.5

2.1

4.8
9.6
11.3
8.4
10.7
4.8
6.6

6.3
12.4
19.7

2.1

2.8

4.4
2.9
6.0

7.1
7.1
4.6
3.7
9.3
14.9

.8

2.6

2.9

r

.9

10.3
9.7
7.9
7.0
13.8
23.7

7.1
11.3
25.3

1.8

2.7

2.0

4.1
9.0

7.7
7.0
14.7
23.1

2.1

2.6

.2

5.8
4.1
9.6

10.0

2.7
2.7

.7

6.5
4.6
9.7

8.1

i12)
(2i

3.0
3.7
2.3
4.3

1.6

5.4

4.6
9.5
10.7

2.1

2.0

6.3
4.5
9.7

6.0

1.1

.5

10.8

3 Less

6.0

4.3
3.4

1.2
2.6

4.3
2.6

2.5
2.3
6.6

4.8
2.7
4.9
2.9
6.3

10.1

12.6

12.8

14.6

7.6

12.0

11.1

5.9

13.3
7.1

7.6
4.2
4.6
8.4
9.7
8.3
9.0
4.7

4.9

9.3
7.6
8.5
4.6

7.4
5.5
9.9

9.8
5.4
14.3

6.5
4.7
9.4

8.5
6.7
11.4

5.8
3.9
8.5

10.7

12.4
11.4

10.1

6.6

10.2

11.7
10.5
9.9

9.6

10.8

7.9

8.2

6.8

8.1

5.7
14.6
26.3

7.5

6.5

6.8

1.6

2.1

.9

9.2
8.5
7.2

6.5
6.0

9.3
10.5
10.3
10.1

7.2
3.5
4.2
8.0

8.8

10.4
16.0
22.4

12.8

14.5

12.2

19.8

21.8

18.8

9.2

8.6

1.4

8.7
1.5

8.6

1.6

1.3

than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
1
2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

3.1

1.7

1.0

7.8
10.5
4.8

5.4
.3

.7

8.8

2.0

1.9
2.1

1.6

2.0

7.4
7.6
3.1
7.7
8.5
7.2
9.8
3.8

10.0

4.9
3.2
6.8

5.2
.5

8.3
6.5
4.3
8.9

4.6
4.1
3.9
3.4
4.9

2.8

2.0

2.3

13

Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic
origin, 1987 annual averages
Northeast

Midwest

Population group and occupation
Total

South

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

22.8

10.5

10.5
12.4
1.4

22.7
10.7

23.3
11.4
11.9
1.4
.5

24.0
11.9

New
Middle
England Atlantic

West

East
South
South
Atlantic Central

West
South
Central

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

19.9
9.0
10.9

24.1

26 9
13.4
13.5

Moun­
tain

Pacific

5,960

17,058

100.0

100.0

13 1
13.0

13.7

3.0

TOTAL

Total (in thousands)..........................................
Percent........................................................

6,601
100.0

100.0

Managerial and professional speciality ...............................
Executive, administrative, and managerial......................
Professional specialty .........................................
Engineers................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists .................
Health diagnosing occupations...............................................
Health assessment and treating occupations......................
Teachers, except college and university .....................

26.9
12.5
14.3
1.7

28.1
12.9
15.1

26.4
12.4
14.0

22.8

2.2

1.6

.8

1.1

.8

.8

2.3
3.2

2.3
3.3

.7
.9
2.3
3.2

1.3
.5
.7

Technical, sales, and administrative support....................
Technicians and related support....................
Health technologists and technicians ........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations ..............................
Supervisors and proprietors .......................
Sales representatives, finance and business services...........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail ......... .. .
Sales workers, retail and personal services ...........................
Administrative support, including clerical ............................
Computer equipment operators ....................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ..................
Financial records processing ..................................
Mail and message distributing ......................................

32.4
3.1

31.4
3.4

32.7
3.0

1.2

.4

12.0

1.4

1.1

.6

3

11.8

12.3
1.4

.7

.6

.6

.6

6

2.0

2.0

2.1

1.8

1.6

3.2

3.1

3.4

1.7
3.2

3.0

3.3

3.5

3.1

3.5

29.9

30.3

29.1

31.1
3.0

27.9

32.8

31 7

31 5

1.0

12.5
33

13.0

2.8

2.8

2.8

1.1

1.2

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.0

1.1

1.0

1.1

.9
10.9
2.9

1 4
.7

2.2

2.2

3.3

1.8

1.3
4.9
17.6

3.1
1.3

1.3
4.8
16.4

1.3
5.0
15.4

.8

.8

1.4
5.3
15.6
.9
4.4

12.3
3.3
1.9
1.4
5.6
15.8

11.1

2.2

.9
11.7
3.0
1.9
1.4
5.4
15.8
.9
4.4

12.0

3.1

.9
11.5
2.9

1.0

11.5
3.0

.9
11.7
3.2

1.0

11.6

.8

.8

1.6

2.0

2.8

1 0

13.5
3.5
2.2

5.0

4.3

1.3
4.9
18.1
.9
5.3

2.2

4.3

4.4

2.2

2.2

2.1

2.0

2.2

2.1

1.1

1.0

1.2

.9

.8

.9

.8

.8

13.1

11.6

13.7

14.1

.6

14.6

12.9

.4
1.4
9.8
4.2
1.9

.8

1.0

1.1

10.8

12.7
5.3

1.7
10.3
4.3

10.5
3.8

2.0

1.8

10.5
4.3
2.5
1.7

Precision production, craft, and repair ...........................
Mechanics and repairers........................................
Construction trades....................................
Operators, fabricators, and laborers........................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations......................
Motor vehicle operators..............
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers............
Construction laborers..........................................

1.3
5.3
16.1
.7
4.5
1.9

1.2

5.4
14.1

16.3

3.7
1.9
.7

4.6
2.5
.7

40
2.5
.7

13.1

12.8

1.0

1.0

1.6

1.9
9.9
4.2
1.5
2.4

6.2

.8

.7

13.6
.9
1.7

15.0
.7

13.1
.9

11.0

12.6

4.9
1.3
2.5
2.3

5.6
1.3
30
2.7

.6

.8

2.3
4.4

1.4
11.9
5.1

13.9
.9
1.5
11.5
5.1

2.1

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.6

2.2

2.6

2.8

2.8

2.9

1.6

1.8

2.1

1.9

2.6

2.5
1.9

13.0
.9
1.7
10.4
4.5
1.5
2.5
1.9

11.7
3.7
4.5

12.8

11.2

3.7
4.2

11.7
4.0
3.7

11.9
4.0
3.7

11.2

3.5
5.1

12.9
4.3
5.1

13.0
4.2
5.5

13.9
4.6
5.0

12.3

11.5

11.5

4.5

4.3

4.7

4.1

14.5

14.7

17.3
8.4
4.4
3.3
4.5

18.3
9.3
4.4
3.3
4.6
.7

15.0
6.4
4.3
3.2
4.3

16.8
7.4
4.7
3.3
4.6
.7

16.4
7.4
4.3
3.2
4.6
.7

21.5

3.4
.5

14.4
6.4
4.0
3.1
4.0
.7

14 8
5.7
47
3.3

27

.8

.7

.7

.8

.6

1.6

1.6

1.6

2.8

.3

3.0
.9

3.7
1.5

3.3

.5

7.4
4.7

2.6

.4

37
.9

1.5

.7

2.0

2.0

6.8

3.8
3.0
3.8
.7

8.0

3.3
2.6

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.6

12.0

31.1
3.0

Service occupations................................................
Private household...............................................
Protective service....................................
Sen/ice, except private household and protective...................
Food service..................................
Health service ..................................
Cleaning and building service ......................
Personal service.............................................

Farming, forestry, and fishing....................................
Farm operators and managers...............................

12.2

14

.6

4.2
2.3

1.3

3.8
3.7

.6

.6

2.0
2.6

10.6

5.7
3.8
53

1.1

1.3
2.2

Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic
origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

South

Midwest

Middle
New
England Atlantic

West

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Men

Total (in thousands)..................................................................... 13,083
Percent........................................................................................... . 100.0
Managerial and professional speciality ..........................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial...................................
Professional specialty ......................................................................
Engineers.........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university..................................

27.2
14.4
12.9
2.9

Technical, sales, and administrative support.................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations.............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors .........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical .....................................
Computer equipment operators ..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing .......................................................
Mail and message distributing ....................................................

1.0

3,538

9,544

15,304

10,614

4,690

20,892

10,653

3,623

6,616

12,849

3,307

9,542

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

28.5
14.9
13.6
3.7
1.3

26.8
14.2

22.9

23.0
11.9

22.6

10.8

11.1

19.8
10.7
9.1

2.6

2.2

27.3
14.4
13.0
3.1

27.6
14.3
13.3
3.3

.7

2.4
.7

24.2
13.3
10.9
2.4

.9
1.3
.5
1.7

24.1
13.4
10.7
2.4
.7

26.6
14.6

12.6

23.4
12.9
10.5
2.3

.6

.8

.6

.8

1.0

1.0

1.1

.5

.5
1.5

.9
.5
1.7

1.2

1.6

.9
.5
1.4

18.5

18.6

21.0

2.6

2.6

.3
1.4

20.9
3.1
.3
1.5

12.8

12.1

4.4
2.4
2.4
3.7
5.4

4.0
2.7

20.9
3.4
.3
1.7
12.3
4.2
2.7

2.0

2.0

3.4
5.6
.5

3.3
5.2
.5

3.9
2.7
1.9
3.4
5.8
.5

1.2

1.1

.4
1.7

.3
1.7

21.0

20.1

2.9
.3
1.4

3.3
.4

11.1

10.7
3.8

3.9
2.3

1.6

21.4
2.7
.2

1.4
11.3
4.0
2.3

.3
1.4
10.5
3.6

.3
1.4
10.5
3.6

12.3
10.3
2.0

.5
.9
.5
1.8

18.1
2.5
.2

1.3
10.5
3.8

.6

2.0

.4

.3
.9
.5

1.2

1.2

19.7
2.7
.3
1.4
11.5
4.1

19.9
2.7

16.7
2.3
.3

1.0

.5
1.3

1.0

.2

1.4
11.3
4.1

1.2

9.5
3.5
1.3
1.9

2.8

.5
1.7

12.0
2.6

.5
1.7
20.8

3.0
.3
1.5
12.0

2.0

2.1

1.8

2.1

2.2

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.1

2.1

2.0

2.2

2.1

2.9
7.1

2.6

2.9
7.4

2.8

.6

.4

.6

2.7
5.6
.5

2.9
5.1
.5

3.1
5.6
.5

3.0
5.9
.5

5.0
.4

.2

.1

.2

.1

.1

.1

.1

.1

.1

.2

.2

.1

.2

.4
1.4

.3
1.3

.5
1.4

.3

.3
.9

.4

.3
.9

.3
.9

.3

.4

.4

.5

.8

.8

.8

.4
.9

Service occupations...................................................................... :.....
Private household.............................................................................
Protective service.............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service....................................................................................
Health service .................................................................................
Cleaning and building service .....................................................
Personal service.............................................................................

10.7
r>
3.2
7.4
3.3
.4
2.9

8.6

8.9
o
2.7

8.0

10.8

9.9

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers.................................................................
Construction trades..........................................................................

19.5
6.4

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations ......................
Motor vehicle operators................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers....................................................................
Farming, forestry, and fishing............................................................
Farm operators and managers......................................................

.8

2.2

12.0

6.1

(’)
2.2

6.4
3.0
.4
2.5
.5

5.4
.5

1.0

11.4
3.6
7.8
3.5
.4
3.0
.9

.1

.1

.1

2.1

7.1
3.1
.3
3.1

2.3
7.0
3.1
.3
3.1

1.7
7.2
3.3
.3
3.0

(’)
2.7
5.9
2.7

.6

.6

.6

9.4

21.5
6.3
9.4

18.7
6.5
7.5

19.4
7.0

19.7
7.1

18.6

6.6

6.6

6.7

19.3
7.1
6.4
4.9
5.7

18.8

19.4
6.7
6.7
5.2

23.6
9.8
7.2
5.3
6.7

25.0

20.5
7.0
7.2
5.3
6.3

1.2

1.0

1.2

1.1

1.2

1.0

2.3

2.4
.5

2.3
.7

6.3
3.7

4.2

11.2

2.0

7.5

8.0

.6

8.1

5.7
4.3
5.0

6.0

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.9

8.6

9.3

0

1.1

15

11.0

7.2
5.3
6.8

6.8

.2

2.4

6.2

3.0
.3
2.4

2.6

.6

8.5
Cl

10.2

2.5
5.4
1.9
.4

2.8

2.6

2.6

5.7
2.7

7.5
3.7
.3

8.2

2.6

2.3
.5

2.6

.1

.1

.1

3.9
.3
2.9

.9

1.1

.8

18.8
6.4
7.5

19.0
6.4
8.4

18.7
6.4
7.2

17.3
5.9
5.7
4.2
5.6

16.3
4.5

17.6
6.5
5.6
4.1
5.6

.6

21.5
7.5
9.0

22.0

22.5

20.2

7.6
9.9

8.0

7.1
7.8

22.1

21.1
6.8

7.2
5.2
7.1
1.3

27.3
9.7
9.7
6.3
7.9
1.4

21.0

7.3
7.8
5.5
7.1
1.3

1.2

1.2

4.6
1.4

4.0
.9

5.7
2.4

5.1

5.6
1.4

8.8

6.6

7.8
5.4
6.6

1.8

.1

2.7
7.2
3.7
.3
2.5

.6

.5

0

.8

6.2

4.5
5.7
1.4
6.3
2.3

1.1

5.3
1.1

Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic
origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

South

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

West

East
South
South
Atlantic Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Women
Total (in thousands)..................................................................... 10,722
Percent............................................................................................

3,062

7,660

12,536

8,665

3,871

16,928

8,926

2,877

5,125

10,169

2,653

7,516

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Managerial and professional speciality ...........................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial...................................
Professional specialty ......................................................................
Engineers.........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university...................................

26.4
10.3
16.1
.3

27.5
10.7
16.9
.4

26.0

22.6
8.7

22.7

.6.4

.8
.4

.2.5

4.6
5.1

4.6
5.1

.2
.4
.2
3.8

5.1

5.0

.3
3.1
6.3

3.3
4.9

11.2
.2.3
.2
3.2

12.6
14.1

.2.4
.2
3.9

8.8
.2.3
.2
4.0

26.4
12.3
14.1
.3
5

26.7

13.9

24.1
9.9
14.2

25.5

14.0

23.2
9.5
13.7

23.8

15.8
.3
.5
.4
4.6
5.1

22.7
8.7
14.0

100.0
20.0
6.9

Technical, sales, and administrative support.................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations ............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical .....................................
Computer equipment operators..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing ......................................................
Mail and message distributing ....................................................

46.2
3.4

44.4
3.6

46.9
3.3

43.9
3.1

44.6
3.1

2.1

2.0.4

2.0.4

48.0
3.4
1.9
.4
14.3
2.4

45.4
2.9
1.5
.5
13.0
2.3

44.7
2.9
1.4
.5
13.9

1.8
.6
9.5

2.1
.6
7.8

30.3
1.3
10.3
5.3
.7

29.5

2.3
.3
8.9
27.9

2.0.4
12.2
2.1
2.1.5
7.4
30.5

1.2

10.9
4.4

.8

Service occupations............................................................................
Private household.............................................................................
Protective service .............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service...................................................................................
Health service ................................................................................
Cleaning and building service......................................................
Personal service.............................................................................

16.0

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers.................................................................
Construction trades..........................................................................

2.1.3
.1
8.6
6.5
.6
.6
1.5
o

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations ......................
Motor vehicle operators................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers ....................................................................
Farming, forestry, and fishing............................................................
Farm operators and managers......................................................

1.2
.6
14.2
5.5
3.9
1.9
2.9

.7

.2

.5
12.4

2.2
2.2
.6
7.4
28.4

1.2

10.2

12.2
2.1
2.1.5

12.6
2.1
1.6.5

7.4
31.4

8.3
28.1
1.4
9.5
4.3
.7

1.6.5
8.6

28.2
1.4
9.6
4.2
.7

9.2
4.3
.7

1.2
11.6
4.4
.8

15.0
.9
.4
13.6
5.5
3.6

16.5
1.3
.7
14.5
5.4
4.1

20.0
1.8.5

19.4

17.8
7.6
3.6

1.8
2.8
2.6.4
.2

2.0
2.9

2.6
4.0

17.1
7.5
3.5
2.5
3.5

1.9
.3

2.3
.3

2.3
.3

.2

.2
10.0
7.2

9.9
7.8

.6.5
1.5
<’>

.6
.2

.1
8.1
6.0
.6
.6
1.5
o

9.5
6.7
.9

.8

1.9

.1
1.6.7

.7

.2

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2.0

.3
13.2
2.3

16

1.8.5

1.0
.8
1.9
0
1.1.5

.2.4
.2
3.2

10.2
13.6
.2.5
.2
3.4

5.4

5.6

5.1

3.0
5.8

42.5
3.2

45.1
3.3

44.4
3.3

42.0
3.4

1.8
.6

28.5

8.6
1.1
9.7

1.8.5
8.1
28.4
1.0
9.8

2.8
.2
2.6
1.2.4
8.8
25.6
1.0
8.3

4.3

3.9

4.0

2.0

.5
11.4
1.7
1.5
.5
7.6
27.9
1.3
9.3
4.5

2.0

.4
13.3
2.4
1.7
.5

12.7
2.3

13.1

.1
.2.3

13.1

6.7
4.7
.7
.7
1.3

6.7
4.5

2.1
.2
.2
6.2
3.6

2.0.5

2.2.4

2.2.7

15.4
6.3
3.0

16.9

15.3

2.6
3.4

2.7
3.9

2.4
.3
.3

2.3
.3
.3

3.1
.3

8.3
5.6
.7
.7
1.9

10.1
7.7
.8
.7

10.7

14.3

8.1.9

11.6.7

1.7

1.7

.8

.1
2.8
1.3

0

.6
2.0
.1
1.1.5

.9

.2

1.1

2.4
.4

2.1
.6
15.6
6.2
3.3
2.6
3.5

n

7.4
30.0

2.0.3
.2

18.2

.9
.3

2.1.7

20.1
1.6.5

.6
19.5

.2

1.6

.5
12.7
2.4

17.0

.6
17.9

.1

1.1

45.7
2.9

17.8
1.9
.5
15.4
6.5
2.5
2.3
4.1

.6
18.3

2.3
.3

2.2

.6

.3
3.3
4.7

8.9
5.0

.6

6.2
4.1

1.1

6.0

3.2
2.5
3.5

0
.9
.4

9.0
5.0

5.7

.3

9.1
4.9
.5

21.5
1.7
.4
19.3
7.7
3.7

2.8
5.2

.2

14.2

.6

.2
.8

.7
1.4

.1
1.2.3

18.0
7.8

2.6

3.0
4.6

.9

.8
1.6
.1
1.4
.5

.6
2.0

.5
14.5

6.0
2.5
2.0
4.0
2.5
.4

.2
6.9
4.9
.7
.7
1.3

.1
1.1.3

Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic
origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

South

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

West

East
South
South
Atlantic Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

White
6,295

15,042

25,500

17,370

8,130

30,869

15,437

5,377

10,055

20,134

5,640

14,494

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Managerial and professional speciality ...........................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial...................................
Professional specialty ......................................................................
Engineers.........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university...................................

27.6
13.0
14.5

28.4
13.2
15.1

27.2
13.0
14.3

23.2

23.3

23.0

25.3

25.4

10.8
12.4

10.8
12.5

27.4
13.7
13.7

26.5
13.4
13.1

1.8
.8
.8
2.2
3.3

2.2
1.0.7

1.6.7

1.3

1.4

2.4
3.3

2.2
3.3

2.1
3.2

.6
2.0
3.1

1.8
.6
.8
1.7

1.6.5
.6
1.7

27.8
13.9
13.9
1.9
.7

.9

.6.7

11.0
12.0
1.2.4

26.6
13.6
13.1

3.6

3.2

3.5

3.1

Technical, sales, and administrative support.................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians ........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations.............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors .........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical .....................................
Computer equipment operators ..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing .......................................................
Mail and message distributing ....................................................

32.4
3.2

31.5
3.4

32.8
3.0

30.0

30.4

29.2

31.8
3.2

1.2
1.1
11.7

1.0
1.0
12.2
3.3

2.8
1.0.9
11.2
3.0

31.4
2.9

1.0
1.0
12.1
3.2

2.8
1.0.9
12.2
3.2
2.0
1.5

33.8
3.0
.9

31.2

2.8
1.0.9
11.8
3.1

.8
1.0
12.8
3.3
2.6
1.4

.8
1.2
13.3

Total (in thousands) ..................................................................... 21,337
Percent............................................................................................

Service occupations............................................................................
Private household..............................................................................
Protective service ..............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food sen/ice....................................................................................
Health service .................................................................................
Cleaning and building sen/ice .....................................................
Personal service.............................................................................

2.4
1.4
5.0
17.2

.8

5.1
2.3

1.0
12.2.5
1.9
9.7
4.3
1.5

3.1
2.3
1.4
4.9
16.3
.7
4.4

2.2
1.0
11.3
.4
1.4
9.5
4.1
1.7

2.4
1.4
5.0
17.6

1.9
1.5'
5.3
15.4
.9
4.4

.8

5.3
2.3

1.0
12.5
.5

4.4
1.5
2.3
1.7

2.1.7

13.4

13.1
.9
1.3
10.9
5.0

5.0

1.6
2.1
12.1
4.1
2.5

2.2
1.7

2.1
1.6

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers.................................................................
Construction trades..........................................................................

12.1
3.8

12.9
3.5
5.2

11.8
3.9
4.5

3.8

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations ......................
Motor vehicle operators................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers ....................................................................

14.0

14.4
7.8
3.3
2.5
3.3

13.9

16.8

3.8
3.0
3.9

4.3
3.2
4.4

.6

.6

Farming, forestry, and fishing............................................................
Farm operators and managers......................................................

1.7
.5

.6
1.6.4

1.7
.5

4.5
2.5

4.7

6.6
3.7
2.8
3.8
.6

6.1

8.1

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

17

5.4
15.4
.9
4.4

2.2
.8
.8
1.2
11.3

2.1
9.8

.7

1.6

2.5
1.9

.6
2.1
3.4

1.7
1.3
5.1
15.2

.8

1.8

1.9
3.1

21.4
9.9
11.4
1.3
.3
.7
1.7
3.1

32.6
3.0

32.9
3.1
.9

29.7
2.9
1.3

1.2

.8
12.0
3.5

12.6

12.7
1.5
.5
.7

3.2

1.0
1.1
13.4
3.7

2.2
1.7
5.7
16.2

.8

4.4
2.3
.9

4.8
2.3
.7

14.0

10.7
.7

.8
1.0
12.2
5.1
1.8
2.7
2.6

1.6
.6.7

13.4
3.8
2.4
1.7
5.5
16.4
.7
4.9

2.2.7
10.5

1.6
8.4

.6
1.6
8.3

3.7

3.9

1.2
1.7
1.9

1.0

14.0
4.6

17.8
9.0
4.4
3.2
4.5
.7

14.7

14.7
6.4
4.3
3.0
4.0

13.6

3.0
1.4

7.7
4.9

3.0

1.1

8.7
3.3
1.5

14.6
5.0
5.3

13.7
4.6
5.5

.6

10.8
.6
1.5
1.8
2.0

11.4
3.9
3.8

6.2

2.2.7

1.5
1.9

12.4
4.2
3.9

4.3
3.3
4.2
.5

1.5
1.4
5.5
14.8
.7
4.1

6.0
6.1
3.8
2.8
3.7
.6
2.4
.7

12.6
12.8
1.5
.6.7
1.6

1.0

14.2
3.7
2.4

1.8

3.4

2.6

1.3
5.9
15.3
.7
4.1
2.4
.7

.8
1.6

2.8
.8
1.0
12.6
3.2
2.6
1.5

6.3
16.6
.9
4.9
2.7
.7

5.4
15.7
.7
4.0
2.4

11.0.7
1.8
8.5

14.2
.7

1.6

.6
12.6
1.0
1.7

3.6

13.0
.9
1.7
10.5
4.8

11.9
5.4

9.9
4.5

1.1
2.0
1.8
12.8
4.3

1.2
2.2
11.8
3.8

1.2
2.6
2.6
11.6
3.7

1.2
2.1
2.1
11.8
3.8

4.8

.6

2.3

5.1
15.8
.7
3.9
2.5

4.5

4.8

4.4

19.8
9.6
5.4
3.7
4.7
.7

13.6
5.3
4.4
3.0
4.0
.7

12.6
5.2

11.7
4.1
3.8

12.9
5.6
3.5

3.8

2.8
.8

3.8
.7

3.7
1.7

3.4
1.3

3.9

4.2
1.5

3.8

3.6
2.7
3.8
.7

1.0

2.6

.8

Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic
origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

South

East
West
North
North
Central Central

Total

West

East
South
South
Atlantic
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Black

Total (in thousands).....................................................................
Percent............................................................................................

1,956

231

1,725

1,954

1,637

317

6,347

3,853

1,092

1,402

1,040

143

897

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

17.2
7.3
9.9

18.7
6.7

17.0
7.4
9.6

16.2
7.1
9.1

16.5
7.4
9.1

14.9
5.9
9.0
.5

13.2
5.5
7.8
.3
.4

13.2
5.6
7.6
.4
.5
.3

100.0
21.0
10.7

100.0

Managerial and professional speciality ...........................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial...................................
Professional specialty ......................................................................
Engineers........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university...................................

100.0
11.8
4.2

16.6

21.7

8.0
8.6
.6.4

11.1
10.6
1.4

Technical, sales, and administrative support..................................
Technicians and related support................................................
Health technologists and technicians........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations ............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical .....................................
Computer equipment operators..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing ......................................................
Mail and message distributing ....................................................

32.6
2.3

.8.5
.1
2.1
2.7
1.2
.6
7.0
1.6.9

12.0
1.5
1.3

.2
1.6
3.6
32.2
3.2
1.3
.9
7.6
2.9

1.1
.1
3.5

.4
4.0
23.4

21.4

1.6
5.1

1.8
4.6

1.7
2.7

1.7
2.9

Service occupations............................................................................
Private household.............................................................................
Protective sen/ice.............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service........................................ .........................................
Health service .................................................................................
Cleaning and building service......................................................
Personal service.............................................................................

22.9

18.6
.9
1.9
15.8
4.1
5.1
4.4

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers .................................................................
Construction trades..........................................................................

8.1
2.9
2.6

10.5
4.0
2.9

Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations ......................
Motor vehicle operators................................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers....................................................................

18.7

19.9
10.5
5.1
4.8
4.3
.4

Farming, forestry, and fishing............................................................
Farm operators and managers......................................................

.5

1.1

3.5
18.3
3.4
7.2
5.3
2.4

8.1
5.6
4.7
4.9

1.2

o

2.2

0
0

.6.4
.1
2.2
2.6
32.7

2.1
1.2.5
6.9
1.5
.9
.4
4.1
23.7

.6
.2
1.4

3.2

1.2

3.7
18.7
3.3
7.5
5.4
2.5

3.4

3.1

2.7

3.8

30.1
2.5
1.4

30.2

29.7
2.4

23.7
2.3

19.4
2.4
1.9

.6

.5
7.4
1.3
.7

23.7
2.5
1.4
.5
6.9

2.6
1.4

.6
4.8
20.2
1.3
5.0
1.3

2.1

2.2

23.0
.9
3.3
18.8
5.9
3.6

22.3

6.8

.8

3.3
18.1
5.4
3.7

6.6

1.0

1.2
.6
.2
4.9

21.6
1.9
2.8
2.2
1.7

14.3

15.1

.8
2.9
1.0
1.2

.8
3.2

26.8

23.7
2.5
2.3
18.9

23.2
2.3

1.2
.6.3
3.6

1.6

2.9
22.3

2.2

18.7
6.7
3.3
6.7

.6
.2
4.3
10.6
.6
2.0
.6
.6
24.3
3.0

2.1

19.2
5.9
4.5
6.7

.3
.3

.1
1.6
3.4
27.0
3.2

1.8
.6
8.8
1.4
.9
.5

6.1
1.0
2.6
1.6
1.4

15.0

24.7

2.8
2.6
19.4
7.7
4.1
5.4

2.0

2.0

2.2

2.1

8.2
1.9

9.4
3.0
3.7

10.3

8.9
3.2

3.5

2.8

27.3
12.4

30.5
15.2
7.1
4.1
8.3
1.4

22.4

6.4

7.2

2.8
2.6

2.2
2.6

7.0
2.3
2.4

4.0

9.4
3.0
3.5

18.5
7.8
5.7
4.6
5.0
1.3

22.9
11.7
5.3
4.0
5.9
.7

23.6

19.5

26.8

12.0
5.6

10.0
3.5

4.1
5.9

3.1
5.9
.9

12.0
6.8
4.9
8.0
1.2

.6
.1

.5

18

.9
1.3

.2

6.4
1.3

6.0
8.3

6.8
3.7

7.7

0

6.3

14.3

8.1
3.1
8.0
3.1

2.4

.6

1.1

1.2
.6
1.2.5
.1
4.6

.7
5.7

2.5

.6

.2
.2
.1
1.3

3.1

.6

23.5

.2

01.4

4.6
20.4
1.4
4.6
1.4

1.6
5.2
1.8
2.7

.3

.2
1.3

7.1
1.3
.7

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.6
.3
.2
1.4

7.6

.9

.2

3.1
.3

6.6

4.8
8.3
1.3
3.2

.2

2.8

3.6
.5

8.2
7.3
5.6
6.9

1.0
2.6.3

10.3
1.3
.4
.5
1.7

<’>
1.9

.4

.6
1.6

2.8

2.1

3.0

35.2

29.7

2.8
1.6.5

2.1.9
1.0
7.8

36.1
2.9

9.0

1.8
.8
4.9

.3

1.4

.6
2.0
4.8

23.5
1.4
4.7

19.8
1.4

2.1
2.0

2.1
2.1
2.0

1.6

.4
9.2

2.1
1.5
.6
4.9
24.1
1.5
5.1

2.1
1.9

19.9
.9
3.8
15.1
4.8
2.9
5.0
2.4

33.1

12.0
3.5

2.6
3.9
2.2

9.4
3.3
3.1

10.0
1.3

9.3
3.6

4.4

2.8

13.7
4.5
5.0
3.8
4.3
.7

10.5
1.9
4.8
4.0
3.8

14.2
4.9
5.0
3.8
4.3

.2
.1

.8

0

.8

1.1

4.7
27.4
7.2
4.6

o

17.7
.9
3.7
13.2
4.4

.9

o

Table 4. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed civilians by occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic
origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and occupation
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

South
West
North
Central

Total

West

East
West
South
South
South
Atlantic Central Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Hispanic origin
Total (in thousands) .....................................................................
Percent............................................................................................

1,228

153

1,075

522

441

81

2,582

891

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Managerial and professional speciality ...........................................
Executive, administrative, and managerial...................................
Professional specialty ......................................................................
Engineers.........................................................................................
Mathematical and computer scientists ......................................
Health diagnosing occupations...................................................
Health assessment and treating occupations..........................
Teachers, except college and university...................................

13.5

12.0

19.8

3.4
8.6

6.8

8.0

9.2

.8

.8

.8

11.3
3.8
7.5
.9

15.4
7.3

7.0

11.9
4.5
7.4
.9

15.2

6.6

13.8
7.0

.3

.4
.5

.3

.2

.2

.6

1.1

1.3

.6

1.0

.6

.6

1.5

1.7

1.5

1.9

1.8

Technical, sales, and administrative support.................................
Technicians and related support...................................................
Health technologists and technicians ........................................
Engineering and science technicians.........................................
Sales occupations ............................................................................
Supervisors and proprietors ........................................................
Sales representatives, finance and business services..........
Sales representatives, commodities, except retail..................
Sales workers, retail and personal services ............................
Administrative support, including clerical ....................................
Computer equipment operators ..................................................
Secretaries, stenographers, and typists ....................................
Financial records processing ......................................................
Mail and message distributing ....................................................

27.0
1.9

28.2

24.9
1.9

.4
9.3

18.3
1.3
.3
.3
5.5

2.2

1.1

1.4
.9
4.8
15.7
.9
4.1

.7
.4
3.2
11.5
.7

1.2

.2

1.4

1.7

.9
.4
9.9
2.4
1.5
.9
5.0
16.3
.9
4.5
1.4
1.3

Sen/ice occupations............................................................................
Private household.............................................................................
Protective service .............................................................................
Service, except private household and protective.....................
Food service....................................................................................
Health service ................................................................................
Cleaning and building service......................................................
Personal service.............................................................................

19.1

16.4

19.5

Precision production, craft, and repair ............................................
Mechanics and repairers.................................................................
Construction trades..........................................................................
Operators, fabricators, and laborers................................................
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors........................
Transportation and material moving occupations......................
Motor vehicle operators...............................................................
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers...............
Construction laborers....................................................................
Farming, forestry, and fishing ............................................................
Farm operators and managers......................................................

.6
1.0

.8

1.6

2.0

.8

.6

.8

1.4
17.0
5.4
2.9

1.1

1.4
17.3
5.3
3.0
6.9

6.6
2.1

14.7
5.5
2.3
4.8

6.6
1.0

.4
o

1,666

3,445

719

2,726

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

11.3

13.1
6.9

10.9

.7
.3

5.1
.3

6.2

1.0

ft
ft
ft
<2)

12.9
5.7
7.2
.5

.4

4.8
.3

.6

0

.1

.2

.2

.2

.6

ft
ft
I2)

.5

.2

.1

.3

.8

.6

2.9

1.4

.7
2.4

26.7
1.9

22.3
1.3

25.7
1.9

21.4

.8

.2

.2

.2

.8

1.1

9.6
2.3

.7
7.4
1.5

10.6

.4
2.5

2.4

24.3

28.3

28.5

31.6

2.1

.6

2.0

2.1

.1

.7
.7

.5

ft
ft
ft

1.0

ft

.6

ft
ft
ft
ft

10.2

7.9

2.3

1.6

.8

ft

6.0

ft
ft

14.7
.7
3.8

.9
.7
4.6
13.1

1.0

.6

.7

.7
7.4

.8

7.7

6.1

11.1

12.7

2.0

2.2

.7

2.5

2.6

1.1

.2

1.0

ft
5.2

1.2

3.4

1.3
.3
3.8
14.5
.9
3.1

1.2

1.0

1.5

0

1.7
4.8
1.9

3.8

1.3
1.5
7.3
16.8
.9
3.7

1.8

2.1

1.5

1.1

.8

.7

18.8
.7

18.7

19.5
.2

1.0

17.1
8.9
1.7
4.8

16.9
9.2

1.4
17.9
7.0

15.9
1.5
1.7
12.7
5.0
1.3
4.2

15.4

.8

1.0

.3
4.0
15.6
1.1

21.6

1.6

2.0

4.3

7.4
1.5

6.4
15.4
.8

ft
ft
ft

1.0

.8

.4
5.6
14.3

.7
4.4
12.8

.5
2.8

1.6

1.5

2.0

.8

.8

1.3

1.3
.7

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

16.2
1.4
1.9
12.9
4.9
1.3
4.7
1.9

18.1

20.7

17.4

2.0

1.0

2.2

1.4
12.5
5.4
1.3
3.4
2.4

1.3
14.9
6.7
1.5
4.6

1.5
18.2

14.1
3.6
4.9

12.0

25.3
14.0
4.6
3.5
6.7
1.5

20.0

8.9
.4

8.4
.5

1.6

1.8

11.7
3.8
3.1

15.4
4.8
3.1

3.6
3.1

4.2
2.4

12.5
4.2
2.7

9.2
3.9
.5

15.1
4.7
6.4

13.3
4.4
5.8

ft
ft
ft

16.1
4.8

27.8
17.5
4.8
4.0
5.4
.9

37.0
27.3
3.8
3.1
5.9
.9

26.4
16.1
5.0
4.2
5.4
.9

30.0
16.8
3.8

31.4
17.9
4.2

22.2

20.1

11.0

2.6

2.8

9.3

1.7
9.4

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft

1.1

1.1

.8

14.8
6.9
3.7
3.2
4.1
.7

23.1
9.1
5.4
3.7

9.3

8.3
4.8
3.5
7.0
1.5

ft

2.0

.9

.8

.9

2.5

1.9

5.6

5.0

5.1

.1

.1

.1

.2

.1

ft
ft

5.0
.3

ft

1.2

.8

1.8

.2

1.2

2.6

12.0

1.8

.6
1.1

.6

2.1

2.1

6.0

2.8

11.2

0

6.2

.9
1.4
1.5

2.1

1 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed.
2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.6

o
<2>

6.8

8.6

2.1

8.0
1.8

5.6
2.9

2.7
5.4

8.0

5.3
3.8
6.8
2.1

1.2

14.0
6.3
1.5
4.3
1.9
14.6
3.8
4.8
26.6
15.6
4.4
3.4
6.7
1.3
9.0
.3

NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percentages because
of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because
data for the "other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both
the white and black population groups.

19

Table 5. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force for private nonagrlcultural
wage and salary workers by Industry, 1987 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and industry
Total

Midwest

South

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

13,798

22,105

15,850

6,255

29,507

50

117

77

40

543

Middle
New
England Atlantic

West

East
West
South
South
South
Atlantic Central Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

15,204

5,071

9,232

17,424

4,432

12,993

102

76

365

158

96

62

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Total................................................................................................ 19,190
Mining.....................................................................................................

53

5,392
o

Construction..........................................................................................

1,254

358

896

1,258

877

381

2,436

1,304

398

734

1,276

404

872

Manufacturing .......................................................................................
Durable goods....................................................................................
Lumber and wood products .........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries................................................................
Fabricated metal products............................................................
Machinery, except electrical.........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment.............................................................
Motor vehicles..............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.2............................................................................................
Nondurable goods............................................................................
Food and kindred products ..........................................................
Textile mill products ......................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products.............................................................
Printing and publishing..................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

4,808
2,857
79

1,566
1,071
28
32
35
40

3,241
1,786
51
70
114
160
177
386
332
204

6,351
4,158
131
168
155
362
510
896
560
1,095
865

4,834
3,305
97
132
113
322
409
667
428
935
807

1,518
854

6,814
3,392
329
302
223

3,540
1,620
156
177

1,728
953
67

3,770
2,496

211

94
146
250
262
291
96

1,547
818
107
85
<3>
67
96
123
128
126
74

175
188
49

84
94
97
195
431
528
646
56

689
440
40
(3)
(3)
(3)
41
84
99
77
(3)

3,081
2,056
160
74
70
74
153
346
428
569
<3>

323
1,950
277
133
326
179
468
333
139

114
495
58
49
53
65
116
59
53

209
1,455
219
83
273
114
351
274

185
2,193
589

59
664
232

<3)
728
128

<3)
774
208

159
1,274
347

131
1,025
265

119
233
494
351
300

126
1,529
357
(3>
74
191
341
270
235

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation....................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities....................................

1,296
723
573

302
155
147

994
568
426

1,505
907
597

Wholesale and retail trade.................................................................
Wholesale trade................................................................................
Retail trade.........................................................................................

4,433
833
3,601

1,190
981

3,243
623
2,620

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households ..........................................
Professional services .......................................................................
Educational services......................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

1,896
5,450
3,382
552
1,681

497
1,475
970
192
473

1,399
3,975
2,412
360
1,208

102

149
199
288
634
561
370
128

111

248
230
166
<3i

210

110

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

20

i3)

41
41
100

229
132
160
58

344
575
565
604
218

122

102
202

o

92
54
141
141
55

208
314
121

a

102

(3>

1,080
590
489

362
214
148

733
421
312

1,248
729
518

318
170
148

929
559
370

7,934
1,572
6,362

4,064
797
3,266

1,274
239
1,035

2,597
536
2,061

4,722
964
3,759

1,268
230
1,038

3,454
733
2,721

2,252
7,353
4,212
481
2,093

1,208
3,908
2,223
272
1,067

276
1,138
699
81
398

768
2,308
1,289
128
628

1,476
4,774
2,529
274
1,278

378
1,279
641
55
326

1,098
3,495
1,889
219
952

508
313
195

2,174
1,225
949

5,831
1,074
4,757

4,093
723
3,369

1,738
351
1,388

1,569
5,474
3,409
439
1,908

1,090
3,883
2,399
312
1,341

479
1,590
127
566

50

200

pi

997
594
403

1,011

68

204
64
83
91
53

45
42
153
82
65

83
1,919
291
478
322
135
293
228

i3>

o

<3)
249
82
<3)
p)
(3)
73

152
3,422
627
560
618
253
516
460
219

o

86

i3>

111

68

100

<3i

184
88

241
97
81

Table 5. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force for private nonagricultural
wage and salary workers by industry, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

South

East
West
North
North
Central Central

Total

West

East
South
South
Atlantic
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

UNEMPLOYED

Total ..................................................................................
Mining............................................................................................

853
6

180
(3>

673

1,483

1,110

373

1,988

770

398

819

1,109

326

783

5

10

6

4

55

13

9

33

15

9

6

62

131

155

60

95

119
60
9

139
74

214
126
13
5

42
4

172
104
9
4
5

14

2

12

22

Construction........................................................................................

101

18

82

173

118

55

295

102

Manufacturing ................................................................................
Durable goods....................................................................................
Lumber and wood products ........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries................................................................
Fabricated metal products...........................................
Machinery, except electrical..................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.2.....................................................................
Nondurable goods..............................................................
Food and kindred products..................................................
Textile mill products .............................................................
Apparel and other textile products............................... .............
Paper and allied products.............................................................
Printing and publishing...............................................................
Chemicals and allied products..................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

233
130

48
31

89
51

427

169
76

2

432
284
15

343
234

6
6

1

184
99
4
5

10

8

8

1

8

12

28
40
51
31
80

9
26
34
36
26
70
60

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation..................................................................
Communications and other public utilities......................

17
15
25
19
14
7
10

2

14

3

12

6

19
13

6

3
<3>

11

5

12

3

7
85
13
5
26
7
14

12

1

11

5

2

3

18
17

44
33

9
7
2

78
62
16

57
45

11

34
26
9

Wholesale and retail trade............................................................
Wholesale trade...............................................................
Retail trade....................................................

221

48

173
31
142

422
47
375

310
32
278

Finance, insurance, and real estate .................................
Services, excluding private households ..........................................
Professional services ..................................................
Educational services................................
Medical services, including hospitals ................................

42
207
84
14
37

34
160
63
9
28

42
325
137

32
243

103
15

3
18

68

11

2

6

1

29
9
17

4

38
183

2

6

42
7
48
21

5
9

210

25
19
2

12

3

10

6

24
34
32
39

14
5
11

9

21

3
38
16

8
8

4
4

6
8

26

3
4

14
7

20

2

8

6

25
16
13

10

99
73
26

12

100

11

8

83

59

17
4
112

14
98
10

82
37
3
24

21

6

12

3

21

8

i3)
(3)
(3)

8

2

4
5

6

11

9
16
14
12

4
4
9
17

22

12

10

22

8

(3)

15
7

13

<3)

2

10

10

0

p)

10

7
217
49
31
64

147
57

8

3
94
17
25
24
3

7
(3)

(3)

59

64

11

21

5
27
2

(3)

4

p)

9
89
37

(3)

(3)

13
3

16
3
15

4
3
4

11
8

6

4

6

36
27
9

19
15
4

45
31
14

55
43
13

607
70
537

249
25
225

103

255
35

92

220

83
420
164
15

30
171

13
74
29

8

2

88

31

19

40
176
69
5
38

5
6

66

11

____

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

9
109
42

<3)
(3>

18
22

18
(3)

7

21

68

8

29

(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)

13
3
4

11

17

38
31
7

(3)
<3>

4

11
6

332
47
285

100

89

232
36
196

57
281
104

14
84
29
4
13

43
197
75
9
34

12

48

11

Table 5. Census regions and divisions: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force for private nonagricultural
wage and salary workers by industry, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Northeast
Employment status and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

South
West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

West

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

8.9

6.4

7.4

6.0

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
Total................................................................................................

4.4

Mining.....................................................................................................

11.3

Construction..........................................................................................

8.0

Manufacturing ......................................................................................
Durable goods...................................................................................
Lumber and wood products .........................................................
Furniture and fixtures....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries................................................................
Fabricated metal products............................................................
Machinery, except electncal.........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies .........................
Transportation equipment.............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.2............................................................................................
Nondurable goods............................................................................
Food and kindred products ..........................................................
Textile mill products ......................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products.............................................................
Printing and publishing..................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

4.8
4.5
8.0

5.6
5.5
8.3
5.3
3.9
3.4
3.9
5.2

6.7

7.0

6.0

6.7

5.1

7.9

10.9

9.0

8.0

10.9

10.2

12.9

11.5

9.1

9.5

9.6

9.2

5.1

9.2

13.7

13.5

14.3

12.1

7.8

15.5

17.9

12 1

14.7

10.9

3.1

5.7
5.6

6.8

7.1
7.1

5.9
5.9

6.3

4.8
4.7
5.1
4.4
3.7
4.1
6.9
3.9
4.6
5.1
7.5

7.7
7.3

8.0

5.7
5.0
6.7
6.4

6.1

5.6
5.1
5.9

3.3
(3)

2.8

6.5
3.1
1.7
5.4
2.7
2.4
2.6
2.0
0

3.2
5.3
5.4
4.7
9.0
5.0
3.7
3.7
3.6

2.7
3.6
3.6
2.9
7.0
2.5

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation....................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities....................................

3.4
4.5

3.1
4.5
1.7

Wholesale and retail trade.................................................................
Wholesale trade................................................................................
Retail trade.........................................................................................

5.0
4.5
5.1

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households ..........................................
Professional services .......................................................................
Educational services......................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

2.2

2.0

3.8
2.5
2.5
2.2

2.6
2.0

3.1

4.9

6.8

8.8

11.1

11.6

<3)

6.7

5.8
7.7
7.8
7.8
5.6
5.5
7.3
7.9

5.8
8.3

(3>

6.6

9.1
7.0
4.9
3.9
5.4
4.8
3.4
5.8
5.9
5.7
9.4
6.4
4.0
4.0
4.0

6.7
6.7
9.7

6.3

5.5

6.2

6.0

7.4
7.4
7.2
7.1
11.6

3.9
6.6

14.7
5.6
5.8
6.7

3.3
4.9
5.9
5.3
7.5

3.3
4.5

8.6

8.9
p)

7.6
4.5

6.4
4.1
7.0

7.6
4.5
8.4

6.1

8.1

3.1
6.9

4.6
8.9

2.1

3.7
5.7
3.9
3.1
4.2

2.5
4.4
3.0

4.5
6.5
4.1
3.0
4.7

7.2
4.3
7.9

1.5
3.2

2.4
4.0

2.2

2.6

2.5

2.5
2.3

2.7
5.9
4.0
2.5
4.4

8.2

2.9
6.3
4.2

5.2
3.7

2.6

2.2

4.4

4.2

2.8

2.9

6.0

<3)

8.8

<3)

7.4
8.5
7.8
5.3
5.2
3.1

7.2
5.0
4.9
3.1
6.5
5.8
6.9

1.8

2.7

<3)

10.8

2.8

5.3
5.0
5.4

<3)

6.8

5.2
7.1
2.4

(3)

13.6
6.3
7.7
5.6
7.0
6.2

4.9
10.0

6.6

8.3

4.6
6.0

5.3
7.2
8.5
8.3
6.9
7.2
15.3

10.2

4.2
5.5
1.9

3.5
2.3
5.0

t3)

8.7
7.1
13.4
2.7
5.2
3.0

5.7
7.5
3.1

8.0

2.0

7.8
11.9

8.2

7.4
3.8
3.9
4.6

4.1
3.1
4.3

<3>

4.5
6.4
7.9
5.5
10.3
3.1
4.9
3.4
5.9

3.6
5.8
6.3
6.3

13.4
4.6
4.7
5.1
5.2

6.8

<3>
7.7
3.0
4.7
4.7
5.7

5.0
3.8
3.5
3.0
(3>

i3)

8.3
9.7
(3)
(3)

(3>
5.8
pi

p>
5.4

7.4
4.4

4.4
5.8
2.5

9.8
6.4
10.7

7.0
4.8
7.6

7.9
4.7

5.3
7.6
5.4
3.8

3.9
5.9
4.1
4.5
3.7

3.8

6.1

6.6

3.9

8.6

6.6

4.5
6.9
4.1

t3)

5.3
6.6
11.1
(3)

7.0
3.0
4.4
3.9
5.0
4.1
5.6
1.9
6.7
4.9
7.2
3.9
5.6
3.9
3.9
3.6

appendix B.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding,

1

2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.2

9.5
pi

11.1

5.2

Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
Includes toys, amusement, and sporting goods.
3 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See

6.2

8.6

<3i

2.1

2.0

8.0

7.6
6.3
5.5
4.7
7.1
5.9
5.7
6.5
9.7

o

4.5
4.4
5.0
5.8

3.5
4.5

6.0

6.2

22

Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagriculturall wage and salary workers by
industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages
Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

South

West

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

TOTAL
Total (in thousands)...................................................................
Percent..........................................

18,336

5,212

13,125

20,622

14,740

5,882

27,519

14,434

100.0

4,672

8,413

100.0

100.0

16,316

100.0

4,106

12,210

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

.3

.1

.3

.5

.5

.6

1.8

.6

1.4

3.9

.9

2.1

.5

6.3

6.5

6.2

5.3

5.1

5.6

7.8

8.3

7.2

7.2

6.9

8.4

6.4

Manufacturing ....................................................
Durable goods...........................................................
Lumber and wood products .................................................
Furniture and fixtures ..........................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries...........................
Fabricated metal products..........................
Machinery, except electrical..................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies...........
Transportation equipment...................................................
Motor vehicles ................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1..............................................
Nondurable goods...............................................
Food and kindred products.....................................
Textile mill products ................................................
Apparel and other textile products..............................
Paper and allied products.............................................................
Printing and publishing.............................................
Chemicals and allied products.........................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

24.9
14.9
.4
.5

29.1

23.3
12.9
.4
.5

28.7
18.8

30.5

23.2

23.4
10.7

30.6
16.2

15.8

14.5

10.2

.6

23.8
16.0

1.1

1.0

2.1

1.1

.8

.8

9

.6

1.0

1.2

1.6

.6

.7
.7

.8

.7

.7

.7

.8

.8

.6

.8

.6

1.1

1.6

2.0

.6

.5

.7

.6

1.3

1.1

1.0

1 2

3.6

2.0

2.2

2.5
3.1
3.8
.3

2.0

4.9
3.9

.9
1.7
1.7
1.9

1.1

4.6
4.3
3.1
.3

2.5
4.3
2.7
5.9
5.1

1.2

2.8

2.3
4.1

1.6

.5

6

2.1

1.4
1.9
2.5

.6

.5
.5
.5

.2

.8

18.9
10.4
.7
.4

21.8

.6

24.3
13.7
.5

2.7
3.3
4.5
.3

.8

.8

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation .........................................................
Communications and other public utilities..................

Mining............................................................
Construction............................................................

1.0

1.5
3.3
3.0
1.9
.7

20.0

.5
.6

2.6

2.4
1.5
.8

20.8

11.6

2.2

1.9

2.5

2.1

.8

.7

.6

2.6

1.9

2.5
1.4

2.1

.4
8.4

1.7

2.1

.5

.6

.6

9.2

1.5
10.4

.9

10.1

9.9

9.6

10.6

11.6

12.6

1.4
.7

1.1

1.6

2.6

2.1

3.7

2.1

.9
.9

.6

.1

.1

.1

1.9

1.9
3.1

1.9

.5

.4

2.0

2.1

1.2

.8

1.1

1.2

2.2

2.6

2.3

2.2

1.1

2.0

1.6

1.0

.6

1.4

1.7
1.5

.7
.7
2.5
1.3

14.3
2.5
1.3
3.8
1.3
1.7
1.9

1.0

6.8

5.6

3.8
3.1

2.8

7.3
4.1
3.2

6.9
4.1

6.4
3.7

2.8

2.6

Wholesale and retail trade.................................
Wholesale trade.....................................................
Retail trade...................................................................

23.0
4.3
18.6

21.9
3.9
18.0

23.4
4.5
18.9

26.2
5.0

25.7
4.7

21.2

21.0

Finance, insurance, and real estate ..................................
Services, excluding private households .............
Professional services .................................................
Educational services.....................................
Medical services, including hospitals.................................

10.1

28.6
18.0
2.9
9.0

9.4
27.4
18.2
3.6
8.9

10.4
29.1
17.9
2.7
9.0

7.4
25.0
15.9

7.2
24.7
15.6

25.6
16.6

2.1

2.1

2.1

8.8

8.7

9.2

1.6

.9
2.5
1.7
.7

2.8

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

23

.9

.9

1.8

2.0

1.6

.7

1.5
.7

8.3
5.0
3.2

7.5
4.2
3.4

27.7
5.7
21.9
8.0

7.9
25.2
14.7
1.7
7.3

.5

2.3
1.8
.2

.9
7.3
1.9

.6

1.0

5.6

7.8
19

.2

.2

.1

.2

.9

1.2

5
.3
1.7
.5
.5

.6

2.2

.6

.6

1.8

1.5

1.8

1.6

.7

1.1

.6

.6

7.2
3.9
3.3

7.3
4.2
3.1

8.2

4.6
3.5

7.3
4.2
3.1

7.3
3.9
3.5

7.3
43
3.0

26.6
5.5

26.4
5.4

25.1
4.9

27.8

21.2

21.1

20.2

21.9

26.9
5.6
21.3

28.5
5.3
23.1

26.4
5.7
20.7

8.2

5.6

25.9
14.9

22.8

8.7
25.3
14.5
1.5
7.0

8.7
27.5
14.9

8.9
29.1
14.9
1.3
7.6

27.0
14.9
1.7
7.5

1.8

7.2

14.4
1.7
8.1

6.0

1.6

7.5

8

8 6

Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by
industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

South

Midwest

Middle
New
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

West

East
West
South
South
South
Atlantic Central Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Men

Total (in thousands)..................................................................... 10,028
Percent............................................................................................ 100.0

2,766

7,262

11,389

8,209

3,180

15,383

7,945

2,631

4,807

9,124

2,270

6,853

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

.5

.8

.7

1.0

2.7

1.1

2.5

5.4

1.4

3.3

.7

Mining.....................................................................................................

.4

.1

Construction..........................................................................................

10.5

11.1

10.2

8.6

8.4

9.3

12.5

13.6

11.7

11.3

11.1

13.5

10.2

Manufacturing .......................................................................................
Durable goods....................................................................................
Lumber and wood products .........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries................................................................
Fabricated metal products............................................................
Machinery, except electrical.........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment.............................................................
Motor vehicles .............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1............................................................................................
Nondurable goods............................................................................
Food and kindred products ..........................................................
Textile mill products ......................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products.............................................................
Printing and publishing..................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

29.7
19.4

35.1
25.2
.7
.7
.9

27.7
17.2
.5
.7

36.5
25.2

38.8
27.9

27.0
15.1
1.7

26.6
18.7

1.1

1.8

1.0

1.0

1.2

1.3

.6

.7

1.0

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.2

1.0

.8

19.3
13.3
1.4
.3
.9

29.0
20.5
1.9

1.1

34.9
21.5
3.4
2.3
.9

22.9
13.3

.8

30.4
18.3
.7
.9

26.8
14.1

.8

1.5

1.1

3.1
3.4

1.1

1.0

2.2

.8

.9

.8

.9

3.0

1.3
2.3

2.5
3.2

1.5
3.0
1.9
2.9
.7

1.6

1.4
2.5

1.6

8.5
7.3

2.3
5.1
2.5
3.6
1.3

1.6

1.3

2.5
3.1
5.8
2.7
7.1
5.6

1.0

2.2

1.7
1.9
4.0

1.8

.8

.8

.8

10.5

11.2

10.9

12.1

2.0

3.2

2.6

.6

.7
1.1

4.5
3.2
2.9
1.0

2.0

10.3
1.8

6.1

4.6
4.8
.5
2.3
9.9
1.3

2.6
2.2

6.1
2.8

2.7

1.6

2.0

1.8

2.6

2.9

2.8

3.5

1.0

.9

2.0

12.7

4.7

.5
11.9
2.4

.6

3.1

2.2

.7
6.0
2.2

8.5
2.3

.2

.2

.1

.1

1.8

.2

.2

.2

1.6

1.3

2.2

2.4

1.8

2.0

2.0

1.3

2.0

2.1

1.6

2.2

2.0

.8

1.2

2.5
2.3
.7

.9
2.5

.7
1.3

2.4

1.4
2.4
1.5

1.6

1.2

.9

.9

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation....................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities....................................

8.8

7.0
3.8
3.1

9.5
5.7
3.8

9.2
5.7
3.4

8.4
5.1
3.2

11.3
7.3
4.0

9.9
3.9

9.4
5.5
3.9

10.3

5.2
3.6

Wholesale and retail trade.................................................................
Wholesale trade................................................................................
Retail trade.........................................................................................

22.3
5.5
16.8

20.9
5.1
15.8

22.9
5.7
17.1

23.9
6.5
17.3

22.8

25.0
7.1
17.9

25.1
7.1
18.1

22.3

16.7

26.5
7.6
18.9

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households ..........................................
Professional services .......................................................................
Educational services......................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

7.5

8.0
21.2

4.8
16.2

4.7
16.2

5.3
16.3

10.4

8.0

8.0

8.0

5.3
17.6
7.8

5.6
18.4

10.4

6.3
19.6
10.4

2.2

2.8

2.0

1.4

1.5

1.0

3.4

3.0

3.6

2.8

1.3
2.9

2.6

2.4

20.8

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

24

.5

2.2

.5

6.1

.3

.9
7.9

1.0

6.0

3.4
3.6
6.0

.4
9.6
2.7

1.0

.8

2.6

.5
13.4
2.9
.9
.9
1.9
1.7
2.9
1.4

.5
1.7

.1

2.2

.8

1.0

1.0

.7
.9
1.2

3.2
3.2
5.2
.4

.8

.2

1.9
.9
.7

2.0

10.5
6.4
4.1

9.1
5.6
3.5

9.4
5.2
4.1

9.0
5.7
3.3

15.7

26.3
7.4
18.9

25.6
7.0
18.6

26.6
7.0
19.6

25.2
7.0
18.2

3.5
14.8
7.1

5.7
17.9
7.6

5.8
20.5

6.3
21.7

8.2

8.1

1.1

1.1

.8

1.0

1.0

1.0

2.4

2.5

2.3

2.9

2.8

3.0

8.1

3.6

6.6

.8

.7

<3)
.3
.4
1.7
.7
.5

6.6

.4
.9
1.5
2.3

.8

.9
.9
1.0
.8

5.6
20.1
8.2

Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by
industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

South

West

Total

East
North
Central

West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Women
Total (in thousands).............................................
Percent..........................................................
Mining.....................................................
Construction....................................................................
Manufacturing ....................................................
Durable goods...................................................
Lymber and wood products .........................................
Furniture and fixtures .......................................
Stone, clay, and glass products ........................
Primary metal industries......................................
Fabricated metal products.......................................
Machinery, except electrical............................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment..............................
Motor vehicles...........................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1...............................................................
Nondurable goods ....................................
Food and kindred products ...................................
Textile mill products ....................................
Apparel and other textile products......................
Paper and allied products.......................................
Printing and publishing............................................
Chemicals and allied products..............
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ....
Transportation, communications, and public utilities..........
Transportation..................................................
Communications and other public utilities...............

8,309

2,445

5,863

9,233

6,531

2,702

100.0

12,136

6,489

100.0

2,041

100.0

3,606

100.0

7,192

100.0

100.0

1,835

100.0

5,356

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

.1

.1

.2

.1

.7

.1

.1

2.0

.2

.7

.1

1.1

1.1

1.2

1.7

1.9

1.3

1.7

1.6

2.1

1.4

19.1

24.9
9.4
.4
.9

13.5
6.7

15.7
9.2

11.3
6 4

17.2

.1

«

1.2

1.3

1.2

19.2
9.4

22.4
14.0

17.8
7.5

19.2

20.0

17.1

10.8

.2

.1

.3

.3
.4
.3
.7

.4
.3
.3

.2

.3
.5
.3
.5
1.3

11.9
.3

8.2

.2

18.4
7.1
.3

.6

.2

.8

1.0

.4

.1

.3

.3

1.8

1.1

.4
.3
.5
1.4

.3
.7

.2

.2

.3

1.5

.7
1.1

.5
.9
1.7

1.2

2.0

2.4

2.7

1.8

.5

2.2

2.6

.2

.2

.2

1.7

2.2

1.4
.4

1.4
9.8

2.0

1.2

8.4

10.3

.9
8.3

1.0

.8

1.1

1.8

1.6

.8

.7
3.0
.5

.1

1.4
.7

2.5
1.4

2.2

2.6

.9

1.6

1.1

1.2

.6

.8

.6

1.3

1.4

.8

4.4

4.1
1.7
2.4

4.6

4.1

3.9

2.2

2.1

2.0

2.4

2.1

24.1
3.0

29.2
3.1
26.1
10.6

10.3
35.4
25.1
3.0
16.0

.7
2.5
.6

2.0

2.4
23.8
2.9
20.9

23.1
20.5

21.0

Finance, insurance, and real estate ....................
Services, excluding private households .................
Professional services ...................................
Educational services........................................
Medical services, including hospitals.................

13.3
38.0
27.1
3.8
15.7

12.9
36.2
27.0
4.5
15.6

13.4
38.8
27.1
3.5
15.7

2.6

See footnotes at end of table.

25

.2

2.0

2.2

.8

.3

2.0

3.0
3.9
1.3

2.7

Wholesale and retail trade.............................................
Wholesale trade..........................................
Retail trade.................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.6

6.6

'

1.9
.9
.3

.2

1.2
2.0

.8

1.2

1.0

.3

.8

.2

.8

1.1

.6

.6

8.9
2.4

11.4
1.7

12.6

.7
15.5

6.8

1.6

2.0

1.6

.1

.1

2.1

.2

.9
.7

.7

1.7

.6

2

2.0

.5
2.5
.9

3.7
.4

7.5

.8

2.1

3.2
3.6
.4
1.9

2.0

1.2

35.7
25.6
2.9
16.3

.2

.7

1.5
2.6

8.1

1.8

2

.3
4

5

2 1
.2

.5
6

9
5
1.3

1.7
.7

.9
.5

1.0

.5

.6

.4

.5

.4

.5
.5

4.6
1.9
2.7

4.6
1.9

3.6

1.9

4.8
2.4
2.4

2.6

2.4

5.1
2.3
2.9

2.6

2.6

2.6

29.2
2.9
26.3

29.0
3.5
25.5

28.7
3.4
25.3

28.0
3.2
24.7

28.6
2.7
25.9

29.9
4.0
25.9

28.6
3.9
24.7

30.7
3.3
27.4

27 8
4.0
23.8

11.3
35.1
23.3
2.7
13.0

8.3
33.0
23.8
2.4
15.3

12.5
35.2
23.7
2.4
13.2

124
36.4
23.3
23
13.4

38.3
23.3

23 3

13.6

13.3

11.1

11.2

36.7
26.7

34.8
23.5

2.8

2.6

17.0

13.5

1.2

Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by
industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued

Population group and industry
Total

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

West

South

Midwest

Northeast

East
West
North
North
Central Central

Total

East
South
South
Atlantic Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

White
Total (in thousands)..................................................................... 16,514
Percent............................................................................................ 100.0

4,974

11,540

18,928

13,346

5,581

22,704

11,548

3,900

7,256

14,298

3,895

10,403

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

.3

.1

.4

.6

.5

.6

2.0

.7

1.7

4.2

.9

2.1

.5

7.5

7.6

7.3

8.5

6.9

29.0
15.4

18.5
10.4

21.6

15.7
10.2

.9

23.8
15.9
1.4

.2

.6

.6

Mining.....................................................................................................
Construction..........................................................................................
Manufacturing .......................................................................................
Durable goods....................................................................................
Lumber and wood products .........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries................................................................
Fabricated metal products............................................................
Machinery, except electrical.........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment.............................................................
Motor vehicles.............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1............................................................................................
Nondurable goods............................................................................
Food and kindred products ..........................................................
Textile mill products ......................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products.............................................................
Printing and publishing..................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

6.6

25.3
15.3
.4
.5
.8
1.0
1.6

3.5
3.0

6.7
29.0
19.9
.5
.6

.7
.7
2.1

5.6

8.2

28.7
18.8

30.5
20.9

21.9
11.3

21.6

.6

.6

24.2
13.7
.5

23.7
13.3
.4
.5
.9

1.6

.6

.6

1.0

1.2

1.7

.5

14.3
1.3
.5

.7
.7

.7

.6

.8

.6

.6

1.3
1.9
2.5
2.5

.5

.5

.5

.6

1.1

1.0

1.2

2.4
2.9
3.8
.3

2.0

2.6

2.3

3.1
4.5
.3

.8

1.2

1.3
3.0
2.5
1.5

.7
1.5
2.3
4.2
2.6

.9
.7
1.9

.9

4.4

3.7

1.8

2.8

2.2

1.9

1.8

5.7
4.8

2.4

2.0

1.9

2.2

2.1

.8

.7

.6

1.4

.5
.5

.8

2.1

1.6

.8

.8

10.0

9.2

10.4

9.9

9.6

1.4
.7
1.5
.9
2.5
1.7
.7

1.0

1.6

2.6

.9
.9

.6

.1

1.2

.8

1.1

2.2

2.6

2.3

1.1

2.0

1.6

1.0

.7

1.4

5.6

3.6
3.0

2.8

Wholesale and retail trade.................................................................
Wholesale trade................................................................................
Retail trade.........................................................................................

23.4
4.5
19.0

22.2

10.0

27.7
17.5
3.0
8.4

2.8

4.0
18.2
9.3
27.2
18.1
3.6
8.8

.6

1.0

7.9

1.8

2.0

.1

.2

.1

.2

1.0

1.0

.5
.3
1.7
.5
.4

1.2

2.0

13.6

8.1

2.1

1.7

1.4

2.0

2.0

.1

.1

1.6

2.6

1.2

.4
1.3

.7
.7
2.5

1.8

1.6

.8

.8

1.9

2.2

1.2

1.6

1.6

3.8
1.3
1.7
1.9

1.0

.7

.7

1.7
1.5
6.3
3.7
2.6

24.0
4.7
19.3

26.5
5.2
21.3

26.0
4.9
21.1

8.2

5.0
3.2
27.8
5.9
21.9
8.0

7.4
24.5
15.7

7.1
24.1
15.2

2.1

2.0

2.1

8.6

8.4

9.2

25.5
16.7

.6

1.9
.7

1.6

.7
.8

.6

.6

8.1

7.1
4.0
3.1

7.3
3.8
3.5

7.0
4.1
2.9

27.0
5.7
21.3

28.7
5.4
23.3

26.4
5.8

8.6

9.0
28.6
14.8
1.3
7.5

8.5
26.9
14.7

7.3
3.8
3.5

7.6
4.4
3.1

27.1
5.9

27.1
5.9
21.3

25.9
5.5
20.5

8.9
25.6
15.0

6.2

8.5
24.8
14.6
1.7
6.9

.6

1.5

1.0

7.6
4.1
3.4

21.2

.2

5.5

.5
11.2

2.2

1.8

.6

.9
7.3
1.9

.5
10.6

2.8

26

1.9

.9
10.5
3.6

6.9
4.1

See footnotes at end of table.

2.2

.6

7.1
3.9
3.2

10.3
28.0
17.2
2.7
8.3

1.1

1.2

.7

.5

10.4
.7

2.0

1.8

1.7

.7
.7

.8

1.6

2.6

4.7
3.6

6.6


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5.3

5.4

4.6
4.2
3.1
.3

2.0

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation...................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities....................................

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households ..........................................
Professional services .......................................................................
Educational services.................................................... .................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

6.5

8.8

22.2

14.1

1.8

1.6

6.8

7.8

4.5
3.6
27.7
6.2

21.5
9.2
24.7
14.2
1.5
6.5

27.3
14.8
1.6

7.3

.7

20.6

1.8

7.3

Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by
industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

South
West
North
Central

Total

South
Atlantic

West

East
South
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Black

Total (in thousands) .....................................................................
Percent............................................................................................

1,410

176

1,233

1,411

1,182

229

4,384

2,677

752

955

702

99

604

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Mining......................................................................................................

.1

.1

.1

.1

.6

.3

.4

1.7

.4

1.2

.2

p>

<3>

Construction..........................................................................................

4.0

3.1

4.1

3.5

3.4

4.1

5.9

6.5

5.7

4.8

3.8

4.6

3.6

Manufacturing .......................................................................................
Durable goods....................................................................................
Lumber and wood products .........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries................................................................
Fabricated metal products............................................................
Machinery, except electrical.........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment.............................................................
Motor vehicles..............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1............................................................................................
Nondurable goods............................................................................
Food and kindred products..........................................................
Textile mill products .............................................. ........................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products.............................................................
Printing and publishing..................................................................
Chemicals and allied products....................................................
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

19.9
10.3

26.4
18.6

19.0
9.1

28.8
19.1

29.8
20.5

24.0
11.9

30.8
11.7

.1

.1

.1

20.3
9.6
1.9

17.9
13.2
.3

19.2
14.0
.4

.5
.5

.6

.7

38.5
20.3
4.8
1.3

10.0

.1

29.8
12.7
2.5
.9

.2

.2

.6

.6

1.0

1.2

.6

.8

.6

.8

2.8

3.3

.5
.3

1.0

.9

1.7

.7

.5

.7
1.4

1.8

2.0

1.1

1.2

1.0

2.2

.8

1.3
1.3

2.2

3.0
3.5

.6

1.2

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation....................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities....................................

9.5
5.9
3.6

7.9
5.0
2.9

Wholesale and retail trade.................................................................
Wholesale trade.................................................................................
Retail trade.........................................................................................

17.4
3.1
14.3

15.9

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households ..........................................
Professional services .......................................................................
Educational services......................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

11.7
37.3
22.7

.1

.4
.5
.8

.9
1.7
2.2

1.7
.9
1.1

0
.1

.3
.5
2.0

3.6
2.9
4.6
1.0

9.6

2.9
7.8

1.8

2.2

2.4

2.0

2.1

1.8

1.8

1.3
.9

7.9
6.9

8.4
7.8

1.9
5.7

.9
9.9
1.7

.7
9.7

.7
9.3

2.6

2.6

2.4

2.2

.4
12.0
2.8

1.8

2.1

.9

.8

.5
19.0
3.8
5.6
3.9
1.5

1.6

1.5

1.8

1.0

1.0

1.1

7.6
4.5
3.0

7.4
4.4
2.9

6.4
3.5
2.9

24.1
3.3

23.3
3.4
19.9

20.7

.2

.6

.1

.1

.3

2.2

.5

.4

.8

.8

.8

1.2

1.1

2.0

1.3
1.7

2.2

1.7

1.7

1.9
.5

2.2

2.0

1.2

1.2

9.8

8.0

4.6
3.4

7.5
4.4
3.1

10.8

6.0

17.7
3.3
14.4

22.0

21.6

23.9

2.7
19.3

2.8

2.1

18.8

21.8

20.8

11.5
37.9
22.9

7.8
29.8
18.0
2.3

7.5
30.1
18.6
2.5

11.0

11.2

9.2
28.1
14.7
1.7
9.8

4.7
27.3
15.4
1.7
9.4

2.0

13.9
13.5
33.2
21.6

3.8

2.6

2.7

2.6

13.4

12.6

13.5

27

.9
1.4
1.9
3.2
1.4

5.8
5.0

1.8

.5
17.1
4.1
3.8
3.2
1.4
1.3

.5

1.8

0

1.5

1.1

2.2

2.0

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

<3>

2.1

1.2

.7
18.2
5.4
2.0

4.0
1.7
1.4

2.0

18.7
2.8

8.1
.1
.1

.2

1.0

.2

1.1

1.4

2.2

1.6

2.2

2.2

2.1

1.5
.4

5.4

3.1
2.7

1.9
5.9

.8

.6

.8

.7
4.7

.2

1.9

.8

.6

.7
5.2
.9
<3)

.1

10.7
3.6
.3
.7
.9
1.7
1.5
.9

o .5

<3)
<3)

.7
.6

<3>

o

.6
.2

.8

.7

1.5
.9

.1

.3

.1

9.1
5.7
3.4

12.2

4.0

11.7
6.3
5.4

12.3
8.5
3.8

29.0
4.0
24.9

23.7
4.4
19.3

22.3
5.9
16.4

23.9
4.1
19.8

5.6
29.5
17.1

8.9
33.2
17.7

7.6
42.6
17.0

9.1
31.6
17.8

.7
1.4
.8

8.2

(3)

4.9
27.0
14.8

25.6
15.5

1.8

2.1

1.1

2.1

1.6

2.1

8.8

9.8

10.8

10.3

10.9

10.2

Table 6. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of employed private nonagricultural wage and salary workers by
Industry, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Northeast
Population group and industry
Total

Midwest

New
Middle
England Atlantic

Total

East
North
Central

South
West
North
Central

Total

West

East
South
South
Atlantic
Central

West
South
Central

Total

Moun­
tain

Pacific

Hispanic origin
Total (in thousands).....................................................................
Percent............................................................................................
Mining.....................................................................................................

1,008

125

883

442

382

60

1,901

691

2,509

496

2,013

100.0

100.0

100.0

p)

2.9

100.0
2.1

<*>

11.4

100.0
.6
8.2

100.0

p)

100.0
.2

100.0

p>

100.0
.1

100.0

p>

100.0
.1

p>
p>

1,189

100.0

10.9

7.5

21.6
10.9

32.2
18.3

19.0

35.5

.5

.8
1.6
1.0.9

10.6.5
.2
1.1.3
1.0
1.5

20.2.9
2.0
1.0
1.1
2.7

p)

1.9

Construction..........................................................................................

3.5

3.1

3.6

4.1

4.5

1.6

10.0

7.9

Manufacturing .......................................................................................
Durable goods....................................................................................
Lumber and wood products .........................................................
Furniture and fixtures ....................................................................
Stone, clay, and glass products .................................................
Primary metal industries................................................................
Fabncated metal products............................................................
Machinery, except electrical.........................................................
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies........................
Transportation equipment.............................................................
Motor vehicles..............................................................................
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches,
etc.1............................................................................................
Nondurable goods............................................................................
Food and kindred products..........................................................
Textile mill products ......................................................................
Apparel and other textile products.............................................
Paper and allied products.............................................................
Printing and publishing..................................................................
Chemicals and allied products............................................... ;....
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ..........................

33.1
15.0
.5

52.9
34.0

30.3
12.3
.5

36.5
23.3
.7
.9
.7
4.9
3.0
3.0
2.5

37.1
24.4
.7
.9
.7
5.0
3.3

32.7
16.7

19.9
9.8
.4
.9

16.7

«

8.1
.2
1.0.3

pi
pi

6.1
5.4

6.5

1.1
.6
.5
1.8
1.7
3.4

1.6.7

.8
2.0
1.4
.5
4.0
2.7
8.3
5.8

.8

1.0.5
.6
1.5
1.6
2.6
1.0
.6

2.8
2.7
6.0
1.1
12.8
3.8
.2
.8
1.5

.1.7
.3
4.1
.7
4.3
1.3
3.7

1.8

1.1.7
.9
1.4
1.4

1.6
.6

18.2
1.9
2.3
6.7

3.7
19.0
2.3
2.9
3.3

1.2
1.9
2.0
1.4

1.1
2.4
1.0
4.5

Transportation, communications, and public utilities....................
Transportation....................................................................................
Communications and other public utilities....................................

5.4
3.7
1.7

2.8
1.2
1.6

5.8
4.1
1.7

Wholesale and retail trade.................................................................
Wholesale trade................................................................................
Retail trade.........................................................................................

21.5
4.3
17.2

14.0
2.3
11.7

22.5
4.6
17.9

25.4
3.1
22.3

25.7
3.0
22.7

23.1
3.6
19.5

29.2

Finance, insurance, and real estate ................................................
Services, excluding private households ..........................................
Professional services.......................................................................
Educational services......................................................................
Medical services, including hospitals.........................................

10.3
26.2
13.7

4.6

11.1
26.7

5.6

5.2

21.8
11.3

22.1
11.4
1.8
6.3

8.0
20.0
10.7

7.7
24.4

1.6

1.2

7.3

22.6
12.9
2.0
6.3

1.3
18.0
1.9

1.2

13.2
4.5

2.2
7.1
1.2
1.8
2.2
1.0

.1
.8
1.3
1.7

2.1
2.2
6.6
5.0
1.6

13.8

1.7

1.1

7.4

6.1

1 Includes toys, amusement, and sporting goods.
2 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
3 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

1.7
2.3

2.1
5.3
4.1

1.2

1.4
16.0
9.2
pi

.8.5
1.9
.4
2.4
14.5
10.3
4.2

.8

5.4

1.1
10.0
3.3
.5
3.0

.2
1.3
.9
.3
7.0
4.9

2.0
6.2

23.0

12.0
1.4
6.2

p>
.4

1.1
1.4
2.1.5
1.3

8.6
1.6
.8
2.6.3

p)
p>
p)
p)
p>
p)
p»
p)

.8
1.6
1.0
1.3
1.6
1.5

p>
p)

.9
10.7
4.4
.3
3.3

pi
pi
pi
pi

1.7
.7
.3

p)
p)
p>

7.5
5.6
1.9

p)
p)

31.8
7.4
24.4
9.4
26.5
11.7

1.6
6.1

1.4
.7

.1.9

2.4
2.7
3.7
3.5

.8
1.1
14.0
3.4
.5
4.2
.9

2.5
2.5
.4
.9
8.4
3.3
.3

1.1.5

.3

3.0
3.9
3.7
.9

1.1

15.4
3.4

.6
1.0
1.6
1.1
2.1
5.0

1.6
1.0
1.8

1.4
.7
.7

6.8
4.6
2.2

4.9
3.3

4.6
2.9
1.7

5.0
3.4

p>
p>
p)

27.6
5.6

26.7
5.1

22.0

21.6

30.4
4.8
25.6

25.8
5.2
20.7

p)
p)
p)
i2)
p)

6.8
23.0
11.8
1.1
6.2

5.4
21.9
9.4

6.7
26.3

5.0
20.9
9.0

pi

.9
.4

1.6

.8

5.4

11.2.9
6.6

1.6

.8

5.1

NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percentages because
of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because
data for the “other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both
the white and black population groups.

28

Table 7. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1987 annual
averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and area

Total at
work

Average hours

1-14
hours

15-29
hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

35-39
hours

40
hours

41-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

TOTAL

Northeast........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

22,472
16,270

6,202

1,047
305
742

2,763
803
1,960

1,963
618
1,344

16,700
4,476
12,224

2,175
479
1,696

8,795
2,250
6,545

2,080
655
1,425

3,650
1,092
2,558

38.5
38.4
38.5

44.0
44.5
43.8

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Centra!....................

26,324
18,206
8,118

1,489
994
495

3,421
2,337
1,084

2,491
1,709
783

18,924
13,167
5,757

1,613
1,129
484

9,294
6,645
2,649

2,825
1,979
846

5,191
3,414
1,778

39.0
38.8
39.3

45.6
45.2
46.6

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

35,912
18,621
6,167
11,125

1,639
784
291
565

4,032
2,027
695
1,309

3,301
1,696
588
1,018

26,940
14,113
4,593
8,233

2,250
1,207
416
627

14,075
7,371
2,440
4,264

3,863
2,045
636
1,182

6,752
3,490
2,160

39.4
39.5
39.2
39.3

45.0
44.9
44.9
45.4

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

21,860
5,678
16,182

1,096
318
777

2,661
715
1,946

2,120
546
1,574

15,984
4,099
11,885

1,123
317
, 806

8,878
2,145
6,733

2,088
566
1,522

3,894
1,071
2,823

38.8
38.8
38.8

44.9
45.3
44.7

Northeast........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

12,452
3,352
9,100

345
97
248

914
249

884
258
626

10,308
2,748
7,560

772
164
608

5,270
1,300
3,970

1,395
435
961

2,871
849

41.6
41.9
41.5

45.4
46.0
45.2

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

14,575
10,090
4,485

528
342
186

1,204
801
404

1,087
750
337

11,756
8,197
3,559

601
414
187

5,301
3,840
1,461

1,838
1,301
537

4,016
2,643
1,374

42.4
42.2
43.0

47.2
46.6
48.4

South...............................................
South Atlantic .............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

19,976
10,203
3,464
6,309

683
317
123
242

1,641
800
279
562

1,443
718
265
459

16,210
8,367
2,796
5.046

821
433
143
246

7,811
4,040
1,382
2,389

2,435
1,282
405
747

5,143
2,612
1,664

42.0
42.1
41.9
42.0

46.5
46.3
46.5
46.9

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

12,284
3,174
9,110

402
117
285

1,018
273
745

971
246
725

9,893
2,539
7,354

474
129
344

5,155
1,233
3,922

1,343
364
979

2,922
813
2,109

41.5
41.8
41.4

46.0
46.7
45.7

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

10,020
2,850

701
208
494

1,849
554
1,294

1,079
361
718

6,391
1,728
4,664

1,403
315
1,088

3,525
950
2,576

685

7,170

220
464

779
243
536

34.5
34.3
34.6

41.7
42.2
41.5

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

11,749
8,117
3,633

961
652
309

2,216
1,536
680

1,404
958
445

7,168
4.970
2,198

1,013
716
297

3,994
2,806
1,188

987
678
309

1,175
771
404

34.7
34.6
34.8

43.1
42.9
43.5

South...............................................
South Atlantic .............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

15,936
8,417
2,703
4,815

957
467
168
322

2,391
1,227
416
748

1,858
978
322
559

10,730
5,746
1,797
3,187

1,428
775
273
381

6,264
3,331
1,058
1,875

1,428
763
230
435

1,609
877
236
496

36.1
36.4
35.7
35.9

42.8
42.8
42.4
43.0

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

9,577
2,504
7,072

694

1,643
442

1,150
300
849

6,090
.1,560
4,530

650
188
462

3,723
912
2,811

745

202
543

973
258
715

35.3
35.0
35.5

43.1
43.2
43.0

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

1,347
416
931

314
94

468
140
329

109
39
70

456
143
312

83
24
59

276
85
190

49
18
31

47
16
32

25.4
25.8
25.2

41.4
41.6
41.4

Midwest......... .................................
East North Central .....................
West North Central....................

1,745
1,203
542

428
291
137

643
439
204

180
125
55

494
348
146

100
68
32

248
185
64

64
43

82
53
29

24.8
24.9
24.3

42.7
42.6
43.0

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

2,053
1,093
339
620

375
196

227
123
34
69

697
390
113
194

121
68
17

397
223

90
52
15

113

754
384
126
244

36

108

22

89
47
15
27

26.6
27.1
26.2
26.1

42.0
41.9
41.9
42.3

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

1,269
365
904

268
81
187

469
127
342

143
43

388
114
274

64
18
46

232

46
13
33

47
17
30

25.6
25.7
25.6

41.9
42.3
41.8

1,102

Men

666

2,022

866

Women

202
492

1,201

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

220

66

101

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

29

66
66

166

21

Table 7. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and area

Total at
work

Average hours

1-14
hours

15-29
hours

30-34
hours

35 hours
and over

35-39
hours

40
hours

41-48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

White

Northeast.......................................
New England..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

20,138
5,915
14,224

989
295
693

2,543
777
1,766

1,789
593
1,196

14,818
4,250
10,568

1,869
451
1,418

7,621
2,114
5,507

1,928
632
1,296

3,400
1,053
2,347

38.4
38.4
38.5

44.3
44.6
44.1

Midwest..........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

24,135
16,421
7,714

1,403
925
478

3,153
2,125
1,027

2,291
1,550
741

17,288
11,821
5,467

1,480

1,021
459

8,184
5,724
2,460

2,668
1,853
815

4,956
3,223
1,732

39.1
38.9
39.4

45.9
45.5
46.7

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

29,316
14,682
5,101
9,534

1,338
627
232
479

3,235
1,570
560
1,105

2,586
1,261
460

22,158
11,224
3,849
7,084

1,809
938
339
531

10,983
5,513
1,945
3,525

3,324
1,710
559
1,055

6,042
3,063
1,005
1,973

39.8
40.0
39.7
39.7

45.5
45.3
45.3
45.7

West ................................................
Mountain......................................
Pacific...........................................

19,114
5,376
13,738

977
307
670

2,361
684
1,677

1,828
513
1,315

13,948
3,871
10,077

983
301
682

7,554
1,992
5,562

1,871
546
1,326

3,540
1,033
2,507

38.9
38.8
38.9

45.1
45.4
44.9

Northeast.......................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

1,839
216
1,622

44
7
37

186
19
167

142
19
123

1,467
171
1,295

249
23
226

948
104
843

107
18
89

163
25
138

38.0
38.4
38.0

41.7
42.3
41.6

Midwest..........................................
East North Central .....................
West North Central....................

1,825
1,527
298

68
56
12

217
183
34

170
139
31

1,370
1,150

116
99
18

953
804
150

128
106

173
141
32

37.7
37.6
37.9

42.5
42.4
43.0

South...............................................
South Atlantic .............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

6,021
3,665
1,037
1,319

283
149
57
77

733
422
133
179

658
411
126

4,347
2,684
721
943

413
254
76
84

2,843
1,748
482
613

485
308
73
104

606
374
90
142

37.4
37.8
36.5
37.1

42.9
43.0
42.4
43.2

West ................................................
Mountain......................................
Pacific...........................................

978
133
845

38
4
33

103
13
90

736

45
7
38

514
75
440

74

103

8
66

92

38.0
37.6
38.1

42.9
41.9
43.0

Northeast........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

1,178
145
1,034

31
4
27

157
13
145

602

110
845

38.6
38.1
38.6

42.0
42.4
42.0

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

494
417
77

371
316
55

33
27
5

233

38.2
38.3
37.9

43.2
43.1
43.7

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
West South Central ...................
West ................................................
Mountain......................................
Pacific...........................................

866

Black

121
102
15

221

101

87

635

107
16
91

85
15
70

955

16
13
3

61
51

45
37

11

8

2,460
852
1,585

92
24
67

295

242
78
159

1,830
661
1,153

158
53
104

1,101
393

3,313
690
2,623

116
31
84

378

312
72
240

2,507
500
2,007

167
44
123

1,686
318

21

11

Hispanic origin

88

206

86
292

1 Refers to persons who worked 35 hours or more during the survey week.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

66
536
200
33
699

1,369

77
15
62

118
16

46
40

59
49

102

6

11

218
76
141

352
139
209

38.5
39.3
38.1

43.8
43.8
43.8

298
57
241

356
82
275

38.1
37.7
38.2

42.9
43.2
42.8

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

30

Table 8. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours,
and usual status, 1987 annual averages
(In thousands)
Usually work full time

Population group and area
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termi­
shortages
nated

Holiday

Usually work part time

Bad
weather

Own
illness

On
vacation

Other1

Total

Slack
Does not Full-time
work or
want full­ work less
could find
time
than 35
only part­
work2
hours
time work

Other

TOTAL

Northeast........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic.............................

2,025
603
1,421

175
44
131

41
13
28

957
307
650

68

167

285
69
216

263
78
184

3,748
1,123
2,624

532

23
46

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

2,356
1,607
749

304

64
41
23

810
580
230

73
46
27

296
205
91

418
270
148

392
254
138

5,044
3,432
1,612

1,002

South ...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

3,465
1,807
590
1,068

549
251
116
182

110

1,013
541
151
321

200

50
18
43

490
268
135

499
273
75
152

604
322
103
179

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

2,073
552
1,521

332
90
242

71
23
48

638
151
487

55
17
38

309
74
235

338
103
235

Northeast........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

1,028
295
734

93

24

22

6

70

18

478
148
330

57
17
40

108
30
78

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

1,229
839
390

179
126
53

35
23

413
296
117

65
40
25

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

1,801
900
320
581

338
138
132

59
26
9
25

492
256
77
159

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

1,119
295
824

216
60
156

39
13
26

Northeast ........................................
New England...............................
Middle Atlantic............................

996
309

82
22

18
7

688

60

10

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

1,127
768
359

125
85
40

29
18

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

1,665
907
270
487

211

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

954
257
697

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

2,780
924
1,856

286
48
238

3,478
2,329
1,149

353
268
85

211

698
304

5,507
2,700
984
1,824

1,320
498
259
563

3,291
1,727
554
1,009

629
345
117
167

268
130
54
84

329
94
235

3,804
1,027
2,777

820
260
560

2,508
661
1,846

319
56
263

157
49
108

154
38
115

115
33
83

1,115
309
806

214
38
176

751
233
518

80

71
27
44

130
92
38

229
148
80

178
113
64

1,590
1,054
536

384
269
114

1,015
652
363

88

104

66

66

22

38

180
89
38
53

212

247
136
37
73

273
139
48

1,966
936
348
682

563
191
109
263

1,109
594
180
334

156
29
41

138
64
29
45

326
73
253

48
13
35

143
31

193
60
133

154
47
108

1,271
339
932

331
98
232

761
199
562

104
19
85

75
23
52

479
159
320

12

127
38
89

131
31

147
46
101

2,632
814
1,819

318
63
254

2,029
691
1,338

207
37
170

79

101

397
284
113

8

189

214
141
73

3,454
2,378
1,076

619
429
190

2,463
1,676
786

265

107
71
36

51
24
9
18

521
285
74
163

20

116
30
85

33

1,830
576
1,254

159
43
116

35
23

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

2,152
1,447
705

275
189

58
37

86

21

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

2,723
1,344
467
912

400
166
85
149

West ................................................
Mountain.......................................
Pacific...........................................

1,785
520
1,264

295
85

211

93

235
68

104
39
57

88

101

430

150
49
101

137
74

Men

68

12

116
42
54

112

86

12
68

86

Women

113
48
50

5
6

22

57

166
114
53

121

253
137
37
78

331
183
54
94

3,541
1,764
636
1,141

757
306
150
301

2,182
1,133
374
676

473
259

130

88

4

278
151
46
81

126

25
39

312
78
234

7
4
3

166
43
124

145
44

175
47
128

2,533
687
1,845

489
162
327

1,746
462
1,284

215
37
178

82
26
56

865
292
573

63

230
75
155

3,491
1,089
2,401

467
96
371

2,630
899
1,731

258
48

41

209
64
146

136
47
89

733
517
216

70
44
26

263
179
84

398
255
144

354
226
128

4,695
3,153
1,542

870
585
285

3,313
2,204
1,109

316
239
78

196
125
70

93
39
16
38

792
395
119
279

147
73
27
47

369
194

438
234
67
138

484
244

4,436
2,113
785
1,537

897
302
164
430

2,843
1,452
482
909

480
258
94
128

216

63
23
41

520
144
376

49
16
34

269
67

304
98
206

284

3,382
984
2,397

707
244
464

2,251
643
1,608

279
51
229

144
47
97

11

11
22

6
2

15
1

68

102

202

63

66

White

210

12

22

68

107

202

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

31

268
68
201

86

154

88

196

211

101

45
70

Table 8. Census regions and divisions: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours,
and usual status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Usually work full time
Population group and area
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termi­
shortages
nated

Holiday

Bad
weather

Usually work part time

Own
illness

On
vacation

Other1

Total

27

211

Slack
work or Does not Full-time
could find want full­ work less
time
than 35
only part­
work2
hours
time work

Other

Black

Northeast ........................................
New England ..............................
Middle Atlantic............................

p)
141

13

5

Midwest...........................................
East North Central.....................
West North Central....................

174
141

25

4
3

162

6

14

p)

pi

20

6

22

62

5

pi
19

67
57

2

73

p>

p>

p>

South...............................................
South Atlantic.............................
East South Central.....................
West South Central ...................

687
438

138
81
31
26

16
9
4

137
31
34

West ................................................
Pacific...........................................

104
89

13

4
3

35
32

1
3

120

129

11

p>

p>

2

201

p>

1

p>

p>

13

24

24
186

58
5
53

115
18
97

15

30
23
p>

281
237
44

118
105
13

120

110

987
543
196
248
138

p>

12

p>

51
30

115
72

56
37

12

20

8

9

24

11

20

1

18
15

15

19
16

1

Includes industrial disputes.
Does not want, or unavailable for, full-time work.
Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

30
24

14

p>

12

73
17

121

25

12

1

1

24

11

31
25
5

11

97
24

401
189
95
117

396
245
71
80

141
81
23
37

49
28

44
38

77
69

13
10

4
4

9
2

8

13

standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding.

32

Table 9. Census regions and divisions: Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
reason not at work, 1987 annual averages
(In thousands)
Reason not at work
Population group and area

Total
Vacation

Illness

Bad weather

Other1

TOTAL

Northeast................................................................................................
New England.......................................................................................
Middle Atlantic....................................................................................

1,333
398
934

790
233
557

Midwest ..................................................................................................
East North Central ............................................................................
West North Central ...........................................................................

1,516
1,073
443

South........................................................................................................
South Atlantic......................................................................................
East South Central............................................................................
West South Central...........................................................................
West.........................................................................................................
Mountain..............................................................................................
Pacific...................................................................................................

318

17

101

6

207
59
149

218

11

870
607
262

344
260
83

20

1,907
958
333
616

1,048
533
173
342

432
223

40
18
7
15

387
184

1,158
282
876

715
175
540

227
53
174

16
5

200

Northeast................................................................................................
New England.......................................................................................
Middle Atlantic......................................................................... ..........

631
186
444

378
106
271

163
51

15
5
9

75
23
52

Midwest ..................................................................................................
East North Central ............................................................................
West North Central ...........................................................................

729
524
205

418
297

183
140
43

19
13

109
74
36

South.......................................................................................................
South Atlantic......................................................................................
East South Central............................................................................
West South Central...........................................................................

916
449
159
307

470
242
73
154

232
118
45
69

37
16

West........................................................................................................
Mountain..............................................................................................
Pacific...................................................................................................

566
133
433

344
77
268

121

15
5

702

155
49
106

120

86

124

13
6

10

283
192
91

68

136

49
151

Men

121

112

29
92

6

6

15

10

177
73
36
69
86

23
63

Women

Northeast................................................................................................
New England.......................................................................................
Middle Atlantic ....................................................................................

490

413
127
286

Midwest ............................................................................
East North Central ............................................................................
West North Central ...................................................................

787
549
238

452
310
142

South.......................................................................................................
South Atlantic......................................................................................
East South Central............................................................................
West South Central...........................................................................

992
508
174
310

578
291

West.........................................................................................
Mountain..............................................................................................
Pacific...................................................................................................

212

2
1
2

1

161
0

1

41

132
35
96
173
118
55

201

3

210

2

111

187

105
41
55

<2)
i2)

592
149
443

371
98
272

106
24
82

<2>
<2>

Northeast................................................................................................
New England.......................................................................................
Middle Atlantic...................................................................................

1,198
380
818

722
223
498

279
96
183

15

Midwest ...............................................................................
East North Central ............................................................................
West North Central ...........................................................................

1,365
949
416

800
551
249

294
218
76

19
13

South........................................................................................................
South Atlantic......................................................................................
East South Central............................................................................
West South Central..........................................................................

1,553
755
276
521

871
437
145
290

334
163
69

30

102

12

West........................................................................................................
Mountain..............................................................................................
Pacific...................................................................................................

1,020

636
166
471

195
48
147

14
5
9

100

32
67
1

114
26
88

White

265
755

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

33

6

9

6

12

5

183
55
127
253
168
85
317
143
57
117
174
46
128

*

Table 9. Census regions and divisions: Employed civilians with a job but not at work by sex, race, Hispanic origin and
reason not at work, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)

Population group and area

Reason not at work
Total
Vacation

Illness

Bad weather

Other1

Black

Northeast...........
Middle Atlantic

102

57
50

36
32

Midwest ....................
East North Central

129
110

56
47

45
40

South..........................
South Atlantic.........
East South Central
West South Central

326
188
55
84

160
89
27
44

94
57
17
20

61
51

36
31

14
11

50
42

29
25

12
9

8
7

South...........................
South Atlantic.........
West South Central

122

59
19
39

30

39
81

28

10

10

20

18

West.....
Pacific

132
103

70
54

39
31

19
16

117

West....
Pacific

22
19
1

27
22

9
5
1
3

63
36

(2)

(2)
(2)

10

17
10
9

Hispanic origin

Northeast...........
Middle Atlantic

Includes industrial disputes.
Less than 500 persons.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet
BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample
1

in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals because of rounding.
Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to totals because data for
the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the
white and black population groups.

2


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

34

Table 10. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and
reason for unemployment, 1987 annual averages
Reason for unemployment

Total unemployed
Population group and area

Job losers

Number
(in thousands)

Job leavers

Reentrants

New entrants

18.9
16.3
19.5

13.2
17.8

24.2
26.8
23.5

11.9

16.3
16.8
15.1

12.1

14.9

26.5
25.8
28.8

11.7
12.4
9.8

9.2

13.2
15.9
13.0
10.7

27.8
31.2
25.7
25.7

13.7
13.2
15.6
13.3

13.7
14.1
13.5

26.2
28.7
25.2

11.2

12.9
17.3

9.6

11.8

18.3
21.9
17.4

11.5
10.5
14.6

17.2
16.5
19.3

9.6
10.4
7.2

11.9
15.1

19.6
23.0
18.2
17.5

11.3

Total

On layoff

50.7
45.4
52.1
49.6
50.6
46.5

TOTAL

Northeast.................................................
New England........................................
Middle Atlantic......................................

1,120

100.0

228
892

100.0

Midwest.....................................................
East North Central...............................
West North Central..............................

1,986
1,487
499

100.0

2,760
1,058
566
1,136

100.0

1,557
463
1,094

100.0

South Atlantic.......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central ............................
West..........................................................
Pacific.....................................................

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

45.3
39.7
45.7
50.3

10.1

13.6
6.1

48.9
47.7
49.4

10.7
9.9

59.3
52.3
60.9

21.1

11.1

12.0

11.2

1°.1

12.4

9.5
11.9

Men

645
123
522

100.0

Midwest....................................................
East North Central..............................
West North Central.............................

1,133
854
279

100.0

South........................................................
South Atlantic.......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central .............................

1,450
518
295
637

100.0

West ..........................................................
Mountain ...............................................
Pacific....................................................

872
264
608

100.0

475
105
370

100.0

Midwest....................................................
East North Central...............................
West North Central.............................

853
633

100.0

220

100.0

South.........................................................
South Atlantic.......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central ............................

1,310
539
272
499

100.0

West ..........................................................
Mountain ...............................................
Pacific....................................................

685
199
486

100.0

179
42
137

100.0

342
263
80

100.0

Northeast.................................................
New England........................................
Middle Atlantic......................................

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

18.6
21.7

8.6

9.8

61.6
62.5
58.9

20.3

57.2
50.7
56.5
62.9

12.0

59.7
59.6
59.8

13.1
12.5
13.4

12.5
12.5

18.8
20.3
18.1

9.0
7.5
9.6

39.1
37.4
39.5

15.8
13.5
16.4

13.7
18.3
12.4

32.3
32.6
32.2

15.0

33.6
34.6
30.9

11.0

13.0

11.5
9.6

15.4

38.9
38.3
40.8

14.5
15.1
13.0

32.1
29.2
34.0
34.3

6.1

16.4
15.1
17.9
17.0

20.6

19.4

14.1
17.0
7.9

11.8

9.2

12.6

11.1

13.5
10.4

Women

Northeast.............................. :.................
New England........................................
Middle Atlantic......................................

100.0
100.0

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

12.1

11.8

15.9

3.8

12.6

36.9
39.1
33.8
36.1

35.2
32.0
36.5

7.7
6.3

15.2
16.1
14.8

35.7
39.9
34.0

14.0

15.1
19.7
13.7

3.4
3.4
3.5

11.2

28.0
27.7
28.1

45.7
35.4
48.9

15.9
16.1
15.4

4.2
4.3
3.8

11.9
14.7

26.7
26.3
27.9

45.5
46.5
42.0

14.4
15.2
12.5
14.6

2.9
3.5
3.6
1.9

9.7
11.3
9.8
7.9

27.8
29.8
27.5
25.7

48.1
43.6
50.1
51.9

17.6
18.8
17.0

3.2
3.3
3.2

11.6

29.1
32.0
27.9

41.7
38.2
43.3

6.3
10.0

8.2

14.6
16.6
14.3

12.1

14.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

West .........................................................
Pacific....................................................

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

538

100.0

220

100.0

112

100.0

206

100.0

287
90
197

100.0
100.0
100.0

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

35

17.1
9.3

11.0

10.9
11.8

Table 10. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin and
reason for unemployment, 1987 annual averages—Continued
u ’
Total unemployed
Population group and area

Number
(in thousands)

Reason for unemployment
Job losers

Percent

Reentrants
Total

On layoff

50.6
45.2
52.2

19.6
16.8
20.4

13.6
18.4

51.2
52.6
47.6

18.1
18.8
16.1

46.5
40.9
47.8
50.2

10.6

New entrants

White

Northeast.................................................
New England ...................................
Middle Atlantic......................................

900
208
692

100.0

Midwest.....................................
East North Central.........................
West North Central.............................

1,521
1,099
423

100.0

South........................................................
South Atlantic.......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central ............................

1,792
624
358
809

West .........................................................
Mountain ...........................................
Pacific....................................................

1,288
410
878

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

12.1

17.3
6.5

24.4
26.9
23.7

12.0

13.5
12.9
15.2

24.9
23 9
27.7

9.5

15.2
18.8
14.8
12.5

26.2

24.8

12.5

14.2
14.5
14.1

25.7
28.7
24.4

11.1

23.5

13.7

33.5

11.3

12.2

49.5
47.4
50.5

11.7

50.8
51.2

16.2
16.9

11.4

44.5
45.0
41.6

10.5

7.4
6.4
13.6

43.6
38.7
42.2
51.4

6.7
7.5
7.3
5.1

9.0
11.3
9.9
5.1

30 6

28.0

15.6

50.4
49.1

6.5
6.7

9.8
9.3

27.8
28.3

13.3

20 9

10.6
12.2

Black

Northeast.................................................
Middle Atlantic.....................................

196
179

100.0

Midwest..............................................
East North Central..............................
West North Central.............................

427
366
61

100.0

South........................................................
South Atlantic.......................................
East South Central .............................
West South Central ............................

926
419
208
299

100.0

West........................................................
Pacific....................................................

133
114

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

10.8
8.8

11.6

Hispanic origin

Northeast ............................
Middle Atlantic..........................

100

100.0

90

100.0

53.2
54.5

17.3
17.6

11.5
11.5

Midwest............................................
East North Central..............................

59
47

100.0

61.9

100.0

66.1

16.6
15.5

9.0

South...................................................
South Atlantic.......................................
West South Central ............................

263
53
209

100.0

49.8
48.4
50.5

West .........................................................
Mountain ...............................................
Pacific...................................................

328
97
231

100.0

56.5
55.8
56.8

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

NOTE: Data ,or demo9raPh'c groups are not shown when they do not meet BIS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

20.2

13.8

8.1

17.2

8.6

5.5

12.2

23.3

8.8

14.7

19.6

4.7

10.2

23.6

15.7

13.3
11.9
13.8

10.4

20 8

10.1

23.4
19.7

10.6

12.9

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

36

Table 11. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and
duration of unemployment, 1987 annual averages
Duration of unemployment

Total unemployed
Population group and area

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

27 to 51
weeks

52 weeks
and over

Less than
5 weeks

5 to 14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

15 to 26
weeks

27 weeks
and over

43.1
51.1
41.1

30.9
29.8
31.2

26.0
19.0
27.7

12.9

13.1
8.9
14.2

5.4
4.1
5.8

7.7
4.8
8.4

40.6
39.6
43.4

29.3
28.6
31.5

30.1
31.8
25.0

13.7
13.8
13.4

16.4
18.1

6.0

10.5
11.7

14.0
10.9
16.4
15.8

6.4
5.0
7.6

8.2

6.2

TOTAL

West..................................................

1,120

100.0

228
892

100.0

1,986
1,487
499

100.0

100.0

100.0
100.0

2,760
1,058
566
1,136

100.0

1,557
463
1,094

100.0

645
123
522

100.0

1,133
854
279

100.0

1,450
518
295
637

100.0

872
264
608

100.0

475
105
370

100.0

853
633

100.0

220

100.0

1,310
539
272
499

100.0

685
199
486

100.0

179
42
137

100.0

342
263
80

100.0

538

100.0

220

100.0

112

100.0

206

100.0

287
90
197

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

10.1

13.6

11.6

6.4
4.8

6.8

7.7
5.9
9.9

44.4
49.1
42.9
40.8

29.3
29.6
28.2
29.7

26.2
21.3
28.9
29.5

12.2

46.9
45.3
47.6

29.4
29.6
29.3

23.7
25.1
23.2

12.2

11.8

11.5
11.7
11.4

5.3
5.0
5.4

38.9
47.8
36.8

30.9
29.9
31.1

30.2
22.3
32.1

14.7

15.5

6.2

11.2

11.1

4.5

9.3
6.5

15.5

16.6

6.6

10.0

35.4
34.5
37.9

29.5
28.3
33.1

35.1
37.1
29.1

14.9
15.1
14.3

20.2

14.7

7.2
7.4
6.4

13.0
14.5
8.3

40.7
45.3
39.6
37.4

29.1
29.7
28.4
29.0

30.2
25.0
32.0
33.6

13.0
11.3
12.9
14.5

17.2
13.8
19.1
19.1

7.7
5.9
7.5
9.2

42.7
38.8
44.4

30.1
31.3
29.7

27.2
29.9
25.9

13.2
16.0
11.9

14.0
14.0
14.0

6.4

48.9
55.1
47.2

30.9
29.8
31.2

20.2

10.4

15.2

8.8

9.8
6.4

10.9

10.8

4.4
3.7
4.6

5.4
2.7

21.6

47.5
46.4
50.4

29.0
28.8
29.6

23.5
24.7

12.0

11.5

12.0

12.8

20.0

12.3

7.7

4.4
5.0
2.7

7.1
7.8
5.0

48.6
52.8
46.5
45.2

29.6
29.5
28.0
30.7

21.8

11.2

10.5

17.7
25.5
24.1

9.6

8.2

12.0

13.5
11.5

5.6
4.1
7.9

12.6

4.9
4.1
5.5
5.5

52.2
53.9
51.5

28.4
27.4
28.8

19.4
18.7
19.7

11.1

8.3

9.9
11.5

8.8

61.7
67.4
60.0

26.9
25.1
27.5

11.3
7.5

57.6
55.7
63.7

29.6
30.1
27.9

12.8

58.0
62.1
54.3
55.6

29.0
27.6
30.7
29.7

61.6
59.3
62.7

28.9
29.2
28.7

10.4
12.5
13.7

13.4

6.6

6.7
6.0

Men

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

22.0

6.1

6.5

9.6
7.9
11.6
10.0

7.6
7.9
7.5

Women

100.0
100.0

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

6.2

6.0

8.2

3.9
3.6
4.0

4.4
5.2
4.1

7.2
5.1
7.8

4.2
2.4
4.7

1.9
.5
2.3

2.3
1.9
2.4

7.4
7.5
7.0

5.5
6.7
1.5

3.2
3.9
.9

2.2

13.0
10.3
15.0
14.7

8.1

4.8
4.0
5.5
5.4

2.3

2.6

2.0

1.9
3.1
3.0

9.5
11.5

6.9

2.6

8.6

8.6

6.1

3.0
2.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

West.................................................

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

37

12.6

14.2
8.5

6.4
9.5
9.3

2.4
2.4

2.7
.6

1.7
1.7

1.0

1.6

.8

1.3

Table 11. Census regions and divisions: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin and
duration of unemployment, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total unemployed
Population group and area

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

Duration of unemployment
Less than
5 weeks

5 to 14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

15 to 26
weeks

45.1
50.9
43.4

30.7
29.9
30.9

24.2
19.2
25.7

12.1

12.1

10.2

12.7

9.1
13.0

5.1
4.1
5.4

7.0
5.0
7.6

41.5
40.8
43.5

29.1
28.3
31.2

29.3
30.9
25.3

13.9
13.9
13.8

15.5
17.0
11.5

5.9
6.3
5.0

9.6
10.7
6.5

45.9
50.8
44.5
42.8

28.8
28.3
27.7
29.7

25.2
20.9
27.8
27.5

11.6

13.6

9.3

11.6

6.3
4.9

7.3
6.7

12.8

15.0
14.5

6.2

8.8

7.4

7.1

47.1
45.4
48.0

29.9
29.9
29.9

23.0
24.8

12.0

22.2

13.2
11.5

10.9
11.5
10.7

5.0
5.0
5.0

5.9
6.5
5.6

34.1
32.4

31.5
31.7

34.4
35.8

16.2
16.8

18.2
19.1

7.0
7.1

11.2

37.4
36.0
45.8

29.8
29.4
32.2

32.8
34.7
21.9

12.9
13.5
9.2

19.9
21.1

6.5
6.9
4.2

13.4
14.2
8.5

41.5
46.6
40.2
35.2

30.2
31.2
29.1
29.5

44.9
44.3

27 weeks
and over

27 to 51
weeks

52 weeks
and over

White

Northeast.....................
New England............
Middle Atlantic.........

.
.
.

900
208
692

Midwest........................
East North Central...
West North Central..

.

1,521
1,099
423

South............................
South Atlantic...........
East South Central ..
West South Central .

1,792
624
358
809

West.............................
Mountain ...................
Pacific........................

1,288
410
878

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

12.9

Black

Northeast.....................
Middle Atlantic.........

196
179

100.0

Midwest........................
East North Central ...
West North Central..

427
366
61

100.0

South............................
South Atlantic..........
East South Central ..
West South Central .

926
419
208
299

West.............................
Pacific........................

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

133
114

100.0

Northeast...................
Middle Atlantic.......

100

100.0

90

100.0

Midwest......................
East North Central.

59
47

100.0

South..........................
South Atlantic........
West South Central

263
53
209

West...........................
Mountain .................
Pacific......................

328
97
231

12.7

11.9

28.3

13.3

15.0

22.2

12.1

10.1

30.7
35.3

11.9
16.1

18.8
19.2

6.5
5.1
7.2

11.6

8.0

11.2

29.9
29.8

25.2
25.9

9.7
9.2

15.5
16.7

7.8
8.3

7.7
8.4

41.2
41.3

31.4
32.0

27.4
26.8

12.5
12.8

14.9
13.9

4.7
4.3

10.3
9.6

34.9
33.4

27.8
25.8

37.3
40.9

17.4

20.0

6.1

20.1

20.8

4.7

13.8
16.1

49.6
55.9
48.1

27.9
25.6
28.3

22.5
18.5
23.6

11.7
9.2
12.5

10.8

5.0
5.6
4.9

5.7
3.8
6.3

50.2
48.9
50.8

28.5
27.2
29.1

21.3
24.0

11.9
14.2

20.1

11.0

3.9
3.9
3.9

5.4
5.9
5.2

8.5
5.0

Hispanic origin

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

38

9.3
11.2

9.3
9.8
9.1

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Section II. Estimates for States

39

Chart 1. Unemployment Rates by State, 1987 Annual Averages

8.0% and over
_ 6.0% to 7.9%
□ 4.0% to 5.9%
□ less than 4.0%
ALASKA

Chart 2. Changes in State Unemployment Rates, 1986-87

S

dak

okla.

TENN

Percentage Point Change

E3 Increased less than 1 pt.

□ Decreased less than 1 pt.
""" Decreased 1.0 -1.9 pts.
Decreased 2.0 pts. or more
• Change was less than 1 pt. but
statistically significant

ALASKA

Source U S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

40

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

3,036
1,406
1,630
266

1,893
1,045
848
118

62.4
74.3
52.1
44.3

1,746
972
774
93

57.5
69.1
47.5
35.0

147
73
74
25

White..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

2,315
1,097
1,218
177

1,461
833
628
87

63.1
75.9
51.6
49.0

1,374
785
590
73

59.4
71.5
48.4
41.1

87
48
38
14

State and population group

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Alabama
7.8
7.0
8.7
21.1

5.9
5.8
6.1

16.2

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................

709
305
405

425
209
216

59.9
68.5
53.4

364
184
180

51.4
60.4
44.6

60
25
36

14.2

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

672
1,747
617

409
1,181
304

60.8
67.6
49.2

347
1,123
276

51.6
64.3
44.8

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...................?......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

345
168
177
26

249
135
114
14

72.1
80.4
64.3
51.7

222

White ..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

267
131
136

202

184
99
85

20

11

75.6
84.3
67.2
57.2

13

10

80.6

8

58
148
42

68.8

74.0
70.6

1,614
900
714

6.8

5.8
7.3
15.7

- 8.7
- 8.1
- 10.2
- 26.6

5.0
4.6
4.7
10.4

-

11.8

- 16.7
- 15.1
- 20.2

6.9
7.0
7.5
22.0

11.8

8.6

16.5

12.9

62
58
27

15.2
4.9
9.0

12.5
3.9
6.6

- 17.8
- 5.8
- 11.5

64.4
71.0
58.1
43.0

27
16

10.8

11.7
9.6
16.7

9.8
10.5
8.4
12.7

- 11.7
- 12.9
- 10.9
- 20.6

68.9
75.9
62.2
48.0

18

8.9

7.9

11

10.0

8.8

7

7.5
16.2

6.2

- 9.8
- 11.3
- 8.7
- 20.5

66.6

2

17.4

12.2

- 22.5

50
135
38

58.9
67.2
62.6

8

14.4
9.2
11.3

12.5

14
5

9.2

- 16.3
- 10.2
- 13.4

64.2
75.0
54.3
56.7

1,513
845
669
90

60.2
70.4
50.9
46.2

101

6.2

55
45

6.2

5.5
5.2
5.3
14.8

- 7.0
- 7.1
- 7.4
- 22.4

5.2
4.8
5.0
14.0

-

Alaska

Black...............................................................
Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

85
200

60

111

91

119
103
11

10

11
2

2

11.9

8.1

Arizona

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

2,514

White ..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

2,389
1,143
1,246
183

1,533
858
675
107

64.1
75.1
54.1
58.2

1,442
809
634
87

60.4
70.7
50.8
47.8

91
49
41
19

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................

420
204
217

278
167

66.1

248
150
99

59.1
73.4
45.6

30
17
13

10.6

81.7
51.5

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

576
1,508
429

429
944
240

74.5
62.6
56.0

387
901
225

67.2
59.8
52.4

42
43
15

9.8
4.6
6.4

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,778
848
930
150

1,090
607
483
79

61.3
71.6
51.9
52.9

1,002

56.3
66.5
47.1
39.8

88

8.1

7.3

564
438
60

43
45

7.1
9.3
24.8

6.1

White.............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

1,480
715
765
118

922
523
399
66

62.3
73.1
52.2
55.7

865
493
372
52

58.4
69.0
48.6
44.3

57
30
27
14

280
124
157

157
77
80

56.0
62.1
51.2

126
64
63

45.1
51.4
40.0

31
13
17

344

221

1,111

711
159

64.4
63.9
49.1

181
677
144

52.6
60.9
44.6

40
34
14

1,200

1,314
196

111

111

21

6.4
18.6
5.9
5.8
6.1

17.9

10.2

11.4

6.6

6.7
7.2
21.8

8.4
7.3
7.8

- 12.9
- 13.0
- 14.9

8.2

- 11.5
- 5.4
- 8.3

3.8
4.6

Arkansas

Black..............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women .......................................................

Other marital status2 ..................................

323

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

41

20

20.3

- 9.0
- 8.2
- 10.7
- 29.2

5.4
4.7
5.6
15.9

- 7.0
- 6.7
- 8.1
- 25.3

19.5
17.1
21.7

16.3

- 22.7
- 21.5
- 26.4

18.3
4.7
9.1

15.8
3.9

6.2

5.7
6.8
20.6

8.0

12.8

17.1

6.8

- 20.8
- 5.5
- 11.4

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian nonlnstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force

Employment

Unemployment

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

20,539
9,963
10,576
1,607

13,747
7,757
5,990
830

66.9
77.9
56.6
51.7

7.308
5,647
690

73.4
53.4
43.0

448
343

5.8
5.7

5.4
5.3

- 6.1
- 6.1
- 18.5

17,410
8,491
8,918
1,302

11,658
6,662
4,996
711

67.0
78.5
56.0
54.6

11,027
6.308
4,719
595

63.3
74.3
52.9
45.7

631
354
277
116

5.4
5.3
5.5

5.1
5.0
5.1
14.5

- 5.7
- 5.7
- 6.0
- 18.0

1,359
654
704
133

892
476
416
56

65.6
72.7
59.1
42.4

796
420
376
44

58.5
64.1
53.4
32.9

96
56

10.8

9.4
9.7
7.7
14.4

- 12.2
- 13.8
- 11.6
- 30.2

4,124
2,130
1,994
420

2,857
1,793
1,064
205

69.3
84.2
53.4
48.8

2,631
1,659
972
164

63.8
77.9
48.7
39.1

226

7.2

- 8.6
- 8.3
- 9.9
- 23.7

5,535
11,293
3,711

4,062
7,573

73.4
67.1
56.9

3,692
7,280
1,984

66.7
64.5
53.5

370
294
128

2,440
1,163
1,277
182

1,697
926
771
115

69.6
79.7
60.4
63.3

1,567
850
717
91

64.2

2,282
1,085
1,197
167

1,586
863
722
105

69.5
79.6
60.3
63.1

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

California

White .............................................

2,111

13

93

11.8

9.7
22.3
7.9
7.5
8.7
19.8
9.1
3.9
6.0

6.6

7.5
16.0
8.5
3.6
5.4

-

9.7
4.2
6.7

Colorado

White ....................................................

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

8.3
7.0

6.9
7.2
5.9
16.3

- 8.5
- 9.4
- 8.1
- 24.9

6.4

- 8.1
- 9.1
- 7.5
- 23.7

50.2

24

20.6

64.4
73.2
56.5
50.9

115

795
676
85

7.3
7.9
6.4
19.3

5.3
14.9

46
20

6.8

92

67

72.5

56

61.2

10

15.6

10.0

-

270
126
145

182
103
79

67.2
82.0
54.5

155

57.2
68.7
47.2

27
17

14.9
16.2
13.3

11.4
11.4
8.3

- 18.4
- 20.9
- 18.3

520
1,455
465

399
1,017
282

76.6
69.9
60.6

351
957
259

67.5
65.8
55.7

47

11.9
5.9

9.9
5.0

23

8.2

6.2

- 13.8
- 6.8
- 10.1

2,506
1,178
1,328
185

1,752
938
815

69.9
79.6
61.4
60.3

1,695
906
789

67.6

58
32
26

3.3
3.4
3.2

12

11.1

2,345
1,095
1,249
166

1,629
870
759

69.5
79.4
60.8
61.0

1,580
842
737
91

67.4
76.9
59.0
55.1

50
28

3.0
3.2
2.9
9.7

146
75
72

114
63
52

78.0
83.7
72.0

107
59
48

72.8
78.9
66.4

8

4

6.7
5.7
7.8

2.2

3.2

- 9.5
- 9.3
- 12.4

98
49

70
43

70.9
87.4

65

65.8
79.5

5
4

7.3
9.0

3.5
3.7

•* 11.0
- 14.3

670
1,415
421

517

486
990
219

72.4
70.0
52.0

6.1

20

2.0

4.9
1.5

225

77.1
71.4
53.5

31

1,010

-

7.3
2.5
4.2

489
229
260
37

331
177
154
23

67.7
77.1
59.4
61.0

321
172
149

65.6
74.8
57.4
55.3

10

3.7
3.7

86
68

11

21.2

Connecticut

White.......................................................

111

101

59.4
53.7

22
10

2.8

2.7
2.5
7.7
2.6

2.5
2.2

6.4
3.8

- 3.8
- 4.1
- 3.9
- 14.4
- 3.5
- 3.8
- 3.6
- 13.0

2.9

1.6

3.2
3.0
3.4
9.3

2.7
2.3

-

2.6
6.2

- 12.5

Delaware

21

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

42

2

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force
Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Delaware—Continued

1.8

2

9.0

5.7

- 3.1
- 3.1
- 3.5
- 12.3

3

6.6

1

6.6

60.2

2

6.6

4.5
3.5
3.8

-

8.7
9.6
9.5

71.5
67.8
50.0

5
4

5.3
1.9
4.1

4.1
1.4
2.5

-

6.5
2.4
5.6

65.3
70.3
61.2
36.0

21

6.3
6.3
6.3

5.6
5.3
5.4
16.8

42

63.1

20

66.6

24

67.5
71.3
64.5

22

88

86

93
194
45

75.5
69.1
52.1

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

477
217
260
34

333
163
170
16

69.7
75.0
65.3
46.2

312
153
159

White ..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women .........................................................

145
69
76

110

75.9
82.1
70.3

107
55
52

Black...............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

319
142
178
28

214

196
94
103

13

67.2
72.2
63.1
46.3

Hispanic origin..............................................

18

15

83.3

14

80.8

148
98
65

69.3
67.4
55.5

Black...............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women .........................................................

66

45

30
37

21

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

123
280

20

190
43

2.1

2.0

66.1

280
152
128

2.6

2.8

273
148
125
18

413
195
219
30

7
4
4

2.4

67.8
78.0
58.8
65.3

White..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

76.1
57.1
59.4

2

District of Columbia

56
53

102
112

12

10

10
11

3

22.0

74.2
80.2

2

2.2

1

2.3

1.5
1.3

68.8

1

2.1

1.1

61.5

18
9
9
3

8.4
8.4
8.4
22.4

7.3

66.1

57.8
36.0

«

6.8

6.9
15.7

- 7.0
- 7.2
- 7.3
- 27.3
-

2.9
3.3
3.1

- 9.4
- 9.9
- 9.8
- 29.0

3.0

.6

-

5.4

14
3
4

8.6

7.4

2.9

2.0

6.0

4.5

-

9.7
3.7
7.5

214
145
118

162
70

75.8
69.4
59.0

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

9,430
4,449
4,981
660

5,870
3,177
2,693
372

62.3
71.4
54.1
56.3

5,558
3,020
2,538
312

58.9
67.9
51.0
47.3

312
157
155
60

5.3
5.0
5.8
16.1

5.0
4.6
5.3
14.3

- 5.6
- 5.3
- 6.2
- 17.9

White ..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

8,098
3,841
4,257
521

4,975
2,735
2,240
311

61.4
71.2
52.6
59.6

4,754
2,622
2,132
270

58.7
68.3
50.1
51.8

221

4.4
4.1
4.8
13.1

4.1
3.7
4.3
11.3

- 4.7
- 4.5
- 5.3
- 15.0

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,223
561
662
127

824
409
414
56

67.3
72.9
62.6
44.2

735
366
369
38

60.1
65.3
55.7
29.9

88

10.7
10.5

9.5
3.8
9.2
24.8

- 12.0
- 12.2
- 12.7
- 39.8

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,078
536
542
83

738
424
314
38

68.5
79.2
57.9
45.4

694
400
293
33

64.4
74.7
54.1
39.9

44
24

5.7
6.5

5.0
4.4
5.0

5

12.0

6.1

- 7.0
- 6.9
- 8.0
- 18.0

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

2,012

1,464
3,363
1,044

72.8
61.3
54.1

1,333
3,242
983

66.3
59.1
50.9

131

8.9
3.6
5.8

8.2

4,556
2,109
2,447
391

3,053
1,642
1,411

67.0
77.9
57.6
56.9

2,885
1,570
1,315
183

83.3
74.5
53.7
46.8

167
72
96
39

5.5
4.4
17.7

4.8
3.6
5.7
13.9

- 6.1
- 5.2
- 7.8
- 21.5

3,184
1,506
1,678
236

2,142

67.3
79.7
56.0
59.6

2,065
1,162
903
126

64.9
77.2
53.8
53.4

76
39
38
15

3.6
3.2
4.0
10.4

2.9
2.4
3.0
6.5

- 4.2
- 4.0
- 5.0
- 14.3

1,328
581
747
154

885
425
460
81

66.6

794
392
402
56

59.8
67.4
53.8
36.5

91
33
58
25

10.3
7.7

8.7
5.8
10.3
23.2

- 11.9
- 9.7
- 15.0
- 38.0

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

101

Florida

5,488
1,930

113
107
41

43
45
18

20

120

61

11.0

32.3
6.0

3.2
5.1

-

9.7
3.9
6.6

Georgia

White.............................................................

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................

222

1,201

940
140

73.1
61.6
52.6

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

43

6.8

12.6

30.6

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Civilian non­
institutional
population

State and population group

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Employment
Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Georgia—Continued

Hispanic origin............................

..

80

64

79.7

63

78.9

1

1.0

-0.9

Single (never married)................
Married, spouse present...........
Other marital status2..................

..
..
..

1,107
2,527
922

792
1,792
469

71.5
70.9
50.9

711
1,737
437

64.2

10.2

47.4

81
55
32

6.8

8.6
2.4
5.0

11.9
3.7
8.6

Total........................................
Men........................................
Women..................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

..
..
..

763
359
404
61

514
270
244
30

67.4
75.3
60.4
49.7

495
259
236
26

64.8
72.0
58.4
43.2

20

4

3.8
4.3
3.3
13.1

3.3
3.5
2.6
9.3

4.4
5.1
4.0
16.9

White.....................................
Men.......................................
Women ................................

..
..
..

221

119

148
76
72

67.1
74.7
60.6

142
73
69

64.1
71.1
58.1

7
4
3

4.4
4.8
4.0

3.3
3.2
2.5

5.5
6.3
5.5

Single (never married)........
Married, spouse present....
Other marital status2 ..........

.
.
.

203
446
114

145
306
64

71.2
68.7
56.0

135
298
62

66.3
67.0
53.9

10

6.8
2.5
3.7

5.5
1.9

2.2

8.2
3.0
5.2

Total..........................................
Men..........................................
Women...................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .

.
.
.
.

709
352
357
56

471
270
33

66.5
76.7
56.3
58.7

433
249
184
27

61.1
70.7
51.7
48.1

8.0
7.8
8.3
18.2

7.2
6.7
7.0
13.9

8.9
8.9
9.6
22.4

White......................................
Men........................................
Women .................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

.
.
.
.

693
345
348
54

461
265
196
33

66.5
76.9
56.3
59.7

425
245
180
27

61.3
71.0
51.8
49.2

7.8
7.7
8.0
17.6

7.0
6.6
6.7
13.3

8.6
8.7
9.3
21.8

Hispanic origin.......................
Men........................................

33
19

26
16

78.6
84.9

23
14

67.8
73.3

13.7
13.8

9.4
8.2

18.1
19.3

Single (never married).........
Married, spouse present.....
Other marital status2............

121

87
326
58

71.9
68.1

53.5

76
307
51

62.6
64.1
46.7

11

479
109

13.0
5.9
12.7

10.6
5.0
9.9

15.3
6.8
15.5

Total.............................................
Men..............................................
Women.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years....

8,738
4,138
4,600
708

5,753
3,196
2,557
389

65.8
77.2
55.6
54.9

5,330
2,946
2,384
319

61.0
71.2
51.8
45.1

423
250
173
70

7.4
7.8

7.8
8.4
7.3

18.0

7.0
7.3
6.2
15.8

20.2

White..........................................
Men............................................
Women.....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

7,316
3,491
3,825
566

4,889
2,748
2,141
337

66.8

4,605
2,572
2,032
292

62.9
73.7
53.1
51.5

284
175
108
45

5.8
6.4
5.1
13.3

5.4
5.8
4.5
11.2

6.2
6.9
5.6
15.4

Black............................................
Men......................... ..................
Women .....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

1,227
553
674
129

733
377
357
49

52.9
37.8

600
305
296
25

48.9
55.1
43.8
19.0

133
72
61
24

18.1
19.1
17.1
49.6

16.4
16.6
14.7
39.8

19.8
21.5
19.6
59.5

Hispanic origin...........................
Men............................................
Women ......................................

467
249
218

313
205
108

66.9
82.2
49.5

285
186
99

61.1
74.7
45.5

27
19
9

8.8
9.2
8.0

6.9
6.8
5.0

10.6
11.5
11.1

Single (never married)..............
Married, spouse present.........
Other marital status2................

2,292
4,847
1,600

1,621
3,312
821

70.7
68.3
51.3

1,418
3,162
750

61.9
65.2
46.9

203
150
71

12.5
4.5
8.6

11.6
4.1
7.5

13.5
4.9
9.7

Total.............................................
Men.............................................
Women.......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years....

4,159
1,941
2,218
318

2,751
1,461
1,290
198

66.1

75.3
58.2
62.1

2,575
1,365
161

61.9
70.4
54.6
50.4

175
95
80
37

6.4
6.5
6.2
18.8

5.7
5.7
5.3
15.2

7.0
7.4
7.1
22.5

White..........................................
Men............................................
Women .....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

3,814
1,786
2,028
286

2,530
1,360
1,170
180

66.3
76.1
57.7
63.0

2,392
1,283
1,108
149

62.7
71.9
54.7
52.1

138
76
62
31

5.5
5.6
5.3
17.4

4.9
4.8
4.4
13.7

6.1
6.5
6.2
21.1

102

68.8

12
8

8
2

3.1

-

2.9

Idaho

201

38
21

17
6

36
20

16
6

4
2

19
7

Illinois

78.7
56.0
59.4
59.8
68.1

6.8

Indiana

1,210

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

44

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

institutional
population

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force
State and population group

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Indiana—Continued

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................

317
138
179

202

89
113

63.6
64.3
63.0

167
72
95

52.8
52.2
53.3

34
17
17

17.0
18.8
15.5

13.3
13.1

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

906
2,499
755

667
1,678
405

73.6
67.2
53.7

584
1,613
379

64.4
64.6
50.2

83
65
27

12.5
3.9

10.8

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

2,137
1,029
1,108
159

1,448
802
645
107

67.7
78.0
58.2
67.1

1,368
759
609
96

64.0
73.7
55.0
60.4

80
44
36

5.5
5.4
5.6

4.8
4.5
4.6

11

10.0

6.8

- 6.2
- 6.3
- 6.6
- 13.3

White..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

2,088
1,004
1,084
155

1,416
786
631
105

67.8
78.3
58.2
67.5

1,342
745
597
95

64.3
74.2
55.1
61.1

75
41
33

5.3
5.2
5.3
9.5

4.6
4.3
4.3
6.3

-

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

426
1,365
346

326
951
171

76.4
69.7
49.5

298
917
153

70.1
67.1
44.3

27
34
18

8.3
3.6

6.6

2.9

10.6

8.0

- 10.1
- 4.3
- 13.3

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,831
877
954
131

1,267
698
569
79

69.2
79.6
59.6
59.9

1,205
665
540
70

65.8
75.9
56.5
53.5

62
33
30

4.9
4.7
5.2
10.7

4.3
3.9
4.3
7.4

- 5.5
- 5.5
- 6.1
- 14.1

White..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,697
809

69.6
80.5
59.6
61.8

1,127
623
504
65

66.4
77.0
56.8
55.5

53
29
25
7

4.5
4.4
4.7

3.9
3.6
3.7

118

1,181
652
529
73

10.2

6.8

- 5.1
- 5.2
- 5.6
- 13.7

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................

99
49
50

69
36
32

69.5
74.7
64.4

61
33
28

61.2
67.8
54.9

8

11.8

3
5

9.3
14.7

7.8
4.3

Hispanic origin..............................................

41

32

77.8

29

70.6

3

9.2

4.3

- 14.1

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

373
1,157
301

277
839
151

74.2
72.5
50.4

255
809
140

68.3
69.9
46.7

22

8.0

29

3.5
7.3

6.4
2.9
5.2

-

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes. 16 to 19 years.......................

2,777
1,300
1,477
234

1,686

955
731
113

60.7
73.5
49.5
48.3

1,538
872
86

55.4
67.1
45.1
36.7

148
83
65
27

White ..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

2,568
1,205
1,363

61.1
74.4
49.3
49.0

1,445
828
618
81

56.3
68.7
45.3
38.3

124
69
55

211

1,569
897
672
103

22

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................

200

111

91
108

55
56

55.7
60.6
51.5

87
42
46

43.8
45.9
42.0

24
13

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

566
1,650
562

353
1,067
266

62.4
64.7
47.3

297
999
243

52.4
60.5
43.3

Total................................................................
Men................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......................

3,207
1,516
1,691
325

1,955
1,119
836
147

60.9
73.8
49.4
45.1

1,720
983
737

White ............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women .......................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....................

2,339
1,130
1,209

1,451
858
594
113

62.1
75.9
49.1
51.1

6.6

10.8

3.3
4.9

- 20.6
- 24.6
- 20.2
- 14.2
- 4.5
- 8.3

Iowa

10

5.9
6.1

6.3
12.8

Kansas

888

8

11

8.2

- 15.9
- 14.3
- 21.1

9.6
4.1
9.4

Kentucky
8.8

7.9
7.5
7.5
18.9

- 9.7
- 9.9
- 10.3
- 29.2

7.9
7.7

7.0

8.1

21.7

6.7
16.5

- 8.8
- 8.9
- 9.5
- 26.9

21.4
24.4
18.4

16.3
16.9
11.7

- 26.4
- 31.8
- 25.2

56
69
23

16.0
6.4
8.5

13.4
5.5
6.3

- 18.5
- 7.4
- 10.8

234
135
99
45

12.0

11.0

12.1

10.8

11.8

102

53.6
64.9
43.6
31.2

30.8

10.4
26.6

-

1,319
774
544
87

56.4
68.5
45.0
39.2

133
83
49
26

9.1
9.7
8.3
23.4

666

10

8.7
8.9
24.1

6.6

Louisiana

222

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

45

8.2

8.4
6.8

18.6

13.0
13.4
13.3
35.1

- 10.1
- 11.0
- 9.8
- 28.1

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian I abor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Louisiana—Continued
Black.................................
Men................................ .
Women ...........................

835
369
466

485
249
236

Single (never married)....
Married, spouse present
Other marital status2.....

812
1,817
578

492
1,202

261

45.1

222

Total...........................................
Men...........................................
Women.....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

897
429
468
70

587
324
262
40

65.4
75.6
56.0
56.5

White.........................................
Men..........................................
Women ....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .

887
424
463
68

580
320
259
39

Single (never married)............
Married, spouse present........
Other marital status2 ..............

194
555
148

Total............................................
Men............................................
Women.....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

58.1
67.5
50.6

385
199
186

46.1
53.8
40.0

100

20.6

50
50

20.2

60.7

388
1,110

47.8
61.1
38.5

105
92
38

21.2

66.1

7.6
14.7

561
312
249
36

62.5
72.7
53.2
52.1

26

65.4
75.6
56.0
56.8

555
308
246
36

62.6
72.8
53.2
52.6

25

137
375
75

70.6
67.5
50.5

129
362
70

66.4
65.2
47.3

3,449
1,632
1,817
273

2,402
1,294
1,108
157

69.6
79.2
61.0
57.4

2,300
1,242
1,058
134

66.7
76.1
58.3
49.2

White .........................................
Men..........................................
Women ....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .

2,544
1,233
1,310
179

1,756
983
774

69.0
79.7
59.0
62.7

1,707
956
750

67.1
77.5
57.3
57.2

50
27
23

Black...........................................
Men...........................................
Women .....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .

816
356
460
85

581
277
303
42

71.2
77.9

65.0
71.0
60.4
34.5

50
25
25

49.1

531
253
278
29

Single (never married)............
Married, spouse present........
Other marital status2..............

960
1,887
602

713
1,339
350

74.2
71.0
58.2

654
1,309
336

68.2

69.4
55.8

59
29
14

Total..........................................
Men..........................................
Women....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .

4,587
2,133
2,454
367

3,086
1,643
1,443
224

67.3
77.0
58.8
60.8

2,987
1,587
1,399
206

65.1
74.4
57.0
56.1

White......................................
Men........................................
Women .................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

4,327
2,014
2,313
342

2,922
1,554
1,369
214

67.5
77.1
59.2
62.5

2,832
1,503
1,328
198

Black........................................
Men.......................................
Women ................................. .

175
80
96

109
58
50

62.1
73.5
52.6

102

Hispanic origin.......................
Men........................................
Women ..................................

134
57
77

76
42
33

Single (never married)..........
Married, spouse present......
Other marital status2............

1,349
2,497
741

997
1,730
360

17.8
16.3
16.9

- 23.4
- 24.2
- 25.1

19.0
11.9

- 23.5
- 8.6
- 17.4

4.4
3.8
5.1
7.9

3.8
3.1
4.1
4.9

- 5.0
- 4.6
- 6.1
- 10.9

4.3
3.7
5.0
7.4

3.7
3.0
4.0
4.4

- 4.9
- 4.4
- 5.9
- 10.3
-

21.0

6.6

Maine

12

13
3

12

13
3
8

6.0

4.6

13
5

3.4
6.4

2.8

102

4.2
4.0
4.5
14.4

3.7
3.4
3.7

4.4

7.4
4.1
8.4

Maryland

112

102

66.0

52
50
23

10

12

11.2

2.8

2.3

2.7
3.0
8.7

2.1
2.2

5.6

8.6

7.0

8.9
8.4
29.7

6.6

8.2

6.2

19.7

- 4.7
- 4.7
- 5.3
- 17.6
-

3.3
3.3
3.7
11.8

- 10.2
- 11.3
- 10.6
- 39.8

4.0

7.0
1.7
2.7

-

9.4
2.7
5.3

99
55
44
17

3.2
3.4
3.0
7.7

3.0
3.0
2.7
6.3

-

3.5
3.7
3.4
9.2

65.4
74.6
57.4
57.8

91
51
40
16

3.1
3.3
2.9
7.5

2.9
2.9

-

3.4
3.6
3.3
8.9

7
4
3

6.0

55
47

58.3
69.0
49.5

4.0
3.5
3.0

-

8.9
8.7

56.5
73.8
43.5

72
40
32

53.5
69.2
41.7

4
3

5.3
6.3
4.1

3.1
3.1

-

7.5
9.5
7.0

73.8
69.3
48.6

947
1,694
346

70.2
67.8
46.7

49
36
14

-

5.5
2.3
4.7

2.2

Massachusetts

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

46

1

6.2

5.8

4.9

2.6
6.1

1.2

4.4

2.1

1.8

3.9

3.0

8.0

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

65.3
75.8
55.7
61.2

4,154
2,296
1,858
296

59.9
69.6
51.2
49.8

369
207
162

8.2

68

18.7

7.7
7.7
7.4
16.7

3,680
2,051
1,629
273

61.8
71.9
52.6
55.5

256
151
105
45

6.5

6.1

6.8

6.3
5.5

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Michigan
Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

6,930
3,300
3,630
595

4,523
2,502

White ..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

5,952
2,853
3,099
492

3,936

66.1

2,201

1,734
318

77.2
56.0
64.6

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

844
379
465
94

507
253
254
43

60.0
66.7
54.6
45.6

400

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................

101

50
50

73
42
32

72.6
82.7
62.6

Single (never married).................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

1,809
3,898
1,223

1,334
2,564
625

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

3,196
1,541
1,655
239

White ..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

3,068
1,481
1,587

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

2,021

364

8.3
8.0

6.1

14.1

12.1

21.1

19.1
17.9
18.7
43.5

-

8.6
8.8

8.7
20.8

- 6.9
- 7.4
- 6.7
- 16.0

47.4
52.9
42.8
21.4

107
52
55
23

63
35
29

63.0
69.4
56.6

10

7
3

13.3
16.1
9.6

73.7
65.8
51.1

1,151
2,435
568

63.6
62.5
46.4

183
129
57

13.7
5.0
9.2

12.7
4.6

2,259
1,230
1,029
177

70.7
79.9
62.1
74.2

2,137
1,158
979
156

66.9
75.2
59.2
65.3

122

72
49

5.4
5.9
4.8

21

12.0

4.7
4.9
3.9
8.7

- 6.0
- 6.8
- 5.7
- 15.4

2,177
1,188
990
167

71.0
80.2
62.4
75.6

2,068

67.4
75.7
59.6
67.0

109

5.0
5.6
4.4
11.3

4.4
4.6
3.5
7.9

- 5.7
- 6.5
- 5.3
- 14.7

820
1,899
477

662
1,352
245

80.7
71.2
51.4

604
1,303
230

73.7
68.6

8.7
3.6

48.3

58
49
15

7.2
2.9
4.0

-

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,877

61.3
72.6
51.3
40.7

1,034
582
452
44

55.1
65.7
45.6
26.1

117
61
56
25

10.2

991
169

1,151
644
508
69

White ..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,207
574
633
92

743
428
315
42

61.6
74.5
49.9
45.5

699
405
294
34

57.9
70.4
46.5
37.1

44
23

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

662
307
355
77

402

60.7

211

68.8

191
27

53.7
34.9

329
173
156

49.8
56.4
44.0
12.9

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

424
1,081
372

257
718
177

60.5
66.4
47.6

199
678
157

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

3,866
1,841
2.025
279

2,589
1,423
1,166
171

67.0
77.3
57.6
61.3

White .................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ....................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

3,489
1,679
1,810
246

2,338
1,300
1,038
156

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................

331
136
195

223
105
118

201

199
20

20.7
21.5
53.2

9.1
10.1

4.1

8.0

-

23.0
23.4
24.3
62.9

- 17.5
- 22.1
- 15.1
- 14.6
- 5.5
- 10.4

Minnesota

222

1,122

946
149

66

43
19

6.1

10.2

4.3
8.2

Mississippi

886

9.5
11.0

35.9
6.0

9.3
8.3
9.6
31.2

- 11.1
- 10.7
- 12.4
- 40.5

5.1
4.3
5.3

- 6.9
- 6.5
- 8.2
- 24.2

5.4
6.7
18.5

12.8

73
38
35
17

18.1
18.0
18.1
63.0

15.9
15.0
15.0
51.4

- 20.2
- 20.9
- 21.3
- 74.6

46.9
62.7
42.3

57
40

22.4
5.6

19.9
4.7

20

11.1

8.8

- 24.8
- 6.5
- 13.5

2,426
1,332
1,093
146

62.7
72.4
54.0
52.3

164
91
73
25

6.3
6.4
6.3
14.7

5.7
5.5
5.3

67.0
77.4
57.3
63.4

2,214
1,227
987
136

63.4
73.1
54.5
55.3

124
73
51

5.3
5.6
4.9

20

12.8

67.4
77.2
60.6

188
90
99

56.8
65.7
50.6

35
16
19

15.7
14.9
16.4

.

10

21
8

Missouri

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

47

11.2

- 7.0
- 7.2
- 7.2
- 18.3

4.7
4.8
4.0
9.3

- 5.9
- 6.5
- 5.8
- 16.3

12.3

- 19.1
- 19.7
- 21.1

10.1

11.7

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstftutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian labor force

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

.
.
.

843
2,369
654

612
1,613
365

72.6

Total.........................................
Men..........................................
Women...................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .

.
.
.
.

597
290
307
45

White.......................................
Men........................................
Women ..................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

.
.
.
.

State and population group

Percent of
population

Employment

Unemployment

Number

Percent of
population

538
1,548
339

63.8
65.4
51.8

74
64
26

12.0

55.7

403
224
179
27

67.5
77.2
58.2
60.4

373
207
166
23

62.5
71.2
54.2
51.3

30
18

7.4
7.8
6.9
15.0

566
276
289
42

385
214
171
26

68.1

360
199
161

63.6
72.1
55.5
53.7

26
15

6.6

5.8

77.6
59.1
62.2

7.1

8.0

10

6.1

4

13.6

5.0
9.6

128
375
94

91
263
49

71.0
70.2
51.9

79
250
43

61.8

12

66.8

13
5

Total..........................................
Men..........................................
Women....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .

1,181
561
620
93

811
436
375
59

68.7
77.6
60.5
63.6

771
414
357
50

65.3
73.8
57.6
54.3

40

White .......................................
Men .......................................
Women .................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

1,139
545
593

785
425
360
56

68.9
78.0
60.7
64.1

750
405
344
49

65.9
74.3
58.0
55.6

35
16
7

4.5
4.6
4.3
13.3

3.9
3.8
3.5
9.8

5.1
5.4
5.2
_
- 16.7

Single (never married).........
Married, spouse present.....
Other marital status2 ............

263
739
179

201

76.3
70.6
49.4

184
504
83

69.8

17
18
5

8.4
3.4
5.9

6.9
2.7
3.9

.
_

Total...............................................
Men...............................................
Women.........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....

765
378
387
59

556
302
255
35

72.7
79.8
65.8
59.3

522
283
239
28

35
19
16
7

6.3
6.3
19.8

5.6
5.4
5.2
17.3

_
_

White............................................
Men .............................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....

685
344
341
52

498
274
224
33

72.7
79.5
65.8
62.2

469
257

5.9
5.9
5.8
17.6

5.1
5.0
4.7
14.6

_
_

Black.............................................

52

36

Hispanic origin............................
Men.............................................

52
30

Single (never married)...............
Married, spouse present...........
Other marital status2.................

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate'

Missouri—Continued

Single (never married)................
Married, spouse present...........
Other marital status2 ..................

68.1

4.0
7.0

10.3
3.3
5.2

_

-

13.8
4.7
8.8

Montana

Single (never married).........
Married, spouse present.....
Other marital status2............

22

46.1

12

4

13.0
4.8
11.1

6.6

8.2

6.7
5.7

_
_

11.0

8.9
8.1

- 19.0
7.4
_
_

8.2

7.2
- 17.6

10.8

. 15.1
5.6
_

4.0
8.4

“ 13.8

4.3
4.1
4.0

_
_

Nebraska

88

522
88

68.2

46.5

21

18
9
20

4.9
4.9
4.9
14.7

11.2

5.5
5.7
5.8
18.2
-

_

-

9.9
4.0
7.9

Nevada
68.2

74.8
61.7
47.5

6.2

7.0
7.3
7.3
22.4
-

29
16
13

27

68.4
74.8
62.0
51.3

69.5

31

60.3

5

13.3

9.0

- 17.5

42
26

81.3
87.0

39
23

75.7
78.5

3
3

6.9
9.8

4.0
5.5

9.7
- 14.0

166
428
171

130
310
116

78.3
72.5

116
297
108

69.7
69.5
63.3

14
13

11.0

9.4
3.3
5.4

_

Total................................................
Men...............................................
Women.........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......

804
394
410
61

588
323
265
41

73.1
82.1
64.6
67.8

573
315
258
39

71.3
80.0
62.9
63.9

15

White ............................................
Men..............................................
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ....

799
391
408
60

584
321
263
41

73.1
82.1
64.5

570
313
257
38

Single (never married)................
Married, spouse present............
Other marital status2..................

192
484
127

156
355
76

81.3
73.4
60.0

151
348
74

68.1

211

6

8

4.1
7.0

.

6.6

6.9
6.8

- 20.5

.

-

12.6

4.8
8.5

New Hampshire

68.0

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

48

8

2.5
2.5

2.1

1.9
1.9
3.3

7

2.6

2

5.8

71.3
80.0
62.9
64.0

15

2.5
2.5
2.5
5.9

2.1

78.4
71.9
58.3

5
7

3.5

2.4
1.5
1.5

8

7
2

2

2.1

2.9

1.9
1.8

3.3

_
_

-

_
_

-

3.0
3.1
3.3
8.4
3.0
3.1
3.2
8.5
4.5

_

-

2.6

4.2

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

New Jersey

Total.................................................................
Men.............................................................
Women.....................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

6,002

3,966
2,209
1,757
250

66.1

3,806

2,851
3,151
462

77.5
55.8
54.2

2,122

1,684
225

63.4
74.4
53.4
48.7

160
87
74
25

White..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

5,172
2,472
2,700
374

3,395
1,914
1,481
217

65.6
77.4
54.9
58.1

3,277
1,850
1,427
199

63.4
74.8
52.9
53.2

117
64
53
18

3.5
3.3
3.6
8.5

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

666

458
226
232
29

68.7
76.1
62.8
39.8

419
205
213
23

62.9
69.1
57.8
30.8

39

8.5
9.1
7.9

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................

454
212

292
173

275
164

242

120

64.3
81.5
49.3

60.6
77.5
45.8

Single (never married).................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

1,623
3,403
976

1,181
2,309
476

72.8
67.9
48.8

1,105
2,247
454

68.1

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,077
519
558
97

685
390
295
53

63.6
75.1
52.8
54.4

624
355
269
40

57.9
68.3
48.3
40.9

61
35
25
13

White ..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

974
470
504
87

623
355
267
49

63.9
75.5
53.1
56.3

573
327
246
38

58.8
69.5
48.9
43.3

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................

382
187
195

232
134
99

60.9
71.6
50.6

205
118
87

53.7
62.9
44.8

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

263
629
185

183
399

69.6
63.5
55.1

158
374
92

Total...............................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

13,755
6,390
7,365
1,092

8,482
4,699
3,784
493

61.7
73.5
51.4
45.2

White..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ..................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

11,496
5,400
6,096
872

7,147
4,021
3,125
432

Black...........................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,815
778
1,037
187

1,048
514
535
54

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................

1,468
626
842
144

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

4,113
7,140
2,501

297
369
73

111

4.0
3.9
4.2
10.1

3.8
3.6
3.8
8.4
3.2
3.0
3.2
6.8

7.2
7.2

_
_

-

_

-

4.3
4.3
4.6
11.8

3.7
3.7
4.0
10.2

22.6

14.8

9.8
10.9
9.6
_
- 30.4

17
9
9

5.9
5.0
7.2

4.6
3.4
4.9

-

7.2
6.5
9.4

66.0

76
63

46.5

22

6.4
2.7
4.6

5.8
2.4
3.7

-

7.0
3.0
5.4

8.9
9.1

8.1

9.6

8.1

10.0

8.6

7.5
24.6

9.7
- 25.0

21

18
7

6.2

New Mexico

50
28
21

24.8
8.0
8.0

7.2
7.0
6.8

7.9
23.1

21.7

28
16

11.9

10.3

12.1

10.0

11

11.5

9.1

59.9
59.5
49.9

26
26

13.9
6.4
9.3

12.5
5.5
7.5

8,071
4,454
3,617
434

58.7
69.7
49.1
39.7

412
245
167
60

4.9
5.2
4.4

4.6
4.9
4.1

12.1

10.6

62.2
74.5
51.3
49.5

6,844
3,840
3,004
386

59.5
71.1
49.3
44.3

302
181

4.2
4.5
3.9

46

10.6

4.0
4.2
3.5
9.0

57.8

52.4
58.7
47.7

97
57
40

11.0

51.6
28.7

951
457
494
41

22.1

12

808
462
346
42

55.1
73.8
41.1
28.9

741
422
319
32

50.5
67.4
37.9

67
41
27

22.1

10

2,709
4,651

65.9
65.1
44.9

2,501
4,506
1,064

60.8
63.1
42.5

208
145
59

102

11

10

8.7
9.0
9.0
24.4
_

13.5
14.3
- 13.9
15.4
7.3
-

11.2

New York

1,122

66.0

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

49

121

9.3
7.6
22.9
8.3
8.8

7.7
23.6
7.7
3.1
5.2

8.3
9.5
6.3
16.3

5.1
5.6
_ 4.8
- 13.6
_

4.5
4.9
4.2
-

10.2

12.5
8.8

- 29.6

7.3
7.3
6.2

16.2

9.4
10.2

9.3
- 31.0

7.1

8.2

2.8

4.5

12.1

-

34
5.9

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Number

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

4,810
2,265
2,545
391

3,276
1,751
1,525
214

68.1

White..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

3,775
1,793
1,983
277

Black...............................................................

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force

Civilian noninstitutional
population

State and population group

Number

Percent of
population

77.3
59.9
54.6

3,130
1,683
1,448
185

65.1
74.3
56.9
47.3

2,584
1,405
1,179
167

68.4
78.4
59.5
60.0

2,498
1,362
1,136
149

Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

963
436
528
107

646
319
327
44

67.0
73.1
62.0
41.3

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

1,076
2,858
876

757
2,045
474

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

483
238
245
39

White..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

463
229
234
37

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

North Carolina

4.2
3.5
4.6

146
69
77
29

4.5
3.9
5.1
13.5

66.2

86

78.0
57.3
53.6

43
43
18

3.3
3.1
3.6
10.7

3.0
2.7
3.2

589
295
294
34

61.2
67.8
55.7
31.6

56
23
33

8.7
7.3

7.8

10.1

10

23.5

8.7
18.0

70.4
71.6
54.1

693
1,991
446

64.4
69.7
51.0

65
54
28

8.5

331
185
146
23

68.6

314
175
139

65.0
73.6
56.7
52.5

17

320
179
141
23

69.1
78.3
60.1
61.3

305
171
134

65.9
74.7
57.3
54.8

15

111

81

311
61

221

30

73.1
70.9
48.3

74
213
27

67.1
68.5
43.4

7
7
3

11.6

8.8

6.1

- 4.8
- 4.3
- 5.5
- 15.4
-

3.6
3.4
4.1
12.6

- 9.7
- 8.6
- 11.6
- 29.1

5.8

7.7
2.3
5.0

-

5.2
5.3
5.0

4.5
4.4
4.0

11.6

8.2

- 5.8
- 6.1
- 5.9
- 15.0

4.6
4.6
4.6
10.7

4.0
3.8
3.7
7,4

- 5.2
- 5.4
- 5.5
- 14.1

8.3
3.3

6.7
2.7
7.3

- 9.9
- 4.0
- 13.0

6.6

- 7.4
- 7.7
- 7.2
- 19.1

2.6

9.4
2.9
6.7

North Dakota

77.7
59.7
59.4

21

20

10

7
3

8
6
2

10.2

Ohio

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

8,155
3,850
4,305
651

5,248
2,924
2,324
369

64.4
76.0
54.0
56.7

4,881
2,712
2,169
306

59.9
70.5
50.4
47.1

367

White .............................................................
Men..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

7,329
3,474
3,855
578

4,735
2,661
2,074
341

64.6
76.6
53.8
59.0

4,444
2,485
1,959
286

60.6
71.5
50.8
49.5

291
175
115
54

Black..............................................................
Men..............................................................
Women ........................................................

759
340
419

472
241
232

62.2
70.8
55.3

399
206
193

52.6
60.6
46.2

43

212

155
63

7.0
7.2
6.7
17.1

6.7
6.1

15.1

6.1

5.8

6.6

6.1

5.6
16.0

5.0
14.0

73
35
38

15.4
14.4
16.6

11.8

13.7

- 17.4
- 17.0
- 19.4

62.4

5

10.8

5.8

- 15.9

10.5
4.5
7.4

- 12.3
- 5.3
- 9.7

- 8.1
- 9.1
- 76
- 25.7

13.5

- 6.5
- 7.1
- 6.1
- 18.0

Hispanic origin..............................................

69

48

70.0

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

1,870
4,882
1,403

1,329
3,240
679

71.0
66.4
48.4

1,177
3,083
621

63.0
63.1
44.3

151
157
58

11.4
4.9

Total................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

2,402
1,150
1,252
209

1,564
865
699
103

65.1
75.3
55.8
49.3

1,449
796
653
81

60.3
69.2
52.2
38.6

115
70
46

7.4

6.6

8.0

6.5
21.7

7.0
5.5
17.7

White.............................................................
Men..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................

2,064
995
1,069
162

1,357
760
597
83

65.8
76.4
55.9
51.2

1,268
705
563

61.4
70.8
52.7
40.8

90
55
34
17

6.6

5.9

7.3
5.7
20.3

6.2

4.7
15.9

- 7.4
- 8.3
- 6.8
- 24.7

Black...............................................................
Men..............................................................
Women ........................................................

164
74
91

101

50
52

61.7
67.8
56.8

41
45

52.1
55.6
49.2

16
9
7

15.6
17.9
13.3

11.3
11.4
7.7

- 19.9
- 24.4
- 19.0

Hispanic origin..............................................

69

52

74.5

48

68.8

4

7.7

3.1

- 12.3

465
1,493
443

298
1,031
236

64.0
69.0
53.2

254
979
215

54.7
65.6
48.6

43
52

14.5
5.0
8.7

12.4
4.2
6.7

- 16.6
- 5.8
- 10.7

8.6

Oklahoma

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2..................................

66

86

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

50

22

21

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian nonlnstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Unemployment

Number

Percent of
population

1,302
711
591
84

62.5
70.7
54.8
49.0

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Oregon
Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

2,083
1,005
1,078
170

1,387
755
632
101

66.6

75.2
58.6
59.0

86

6.2

44
41
17

5.9
6.5
16.9
6.1

5.4
4.9
5.4
13.1

-

5.3
4.8
5.3

-

6.9
6.9
7.6
20.8

White..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,977
952
1,025
160

1,317
717
600
95

66.6

75.3
58.5
59.5

1,236
675
561
79

62.5
70.9
54.7
49.5

80
41
39
16

5.8
6.5
16.7

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

440
1,295
349

309
876

70.3
67.7
58.0

273
842
187

62.2
65.0
53.5

36
34
16

11.5
3.9
7.8

9.5
3.1
5.7

- 13.5
- 4.7
- 9.9

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

9,290
4,385
4,905
653

5,648
3,159
2,489
358

60.8
72.0
50.7
54.9

5,328
2,969
2,359
306

57.4
67.7
48.1
46.9

320
190
130
52

5.7
5.2
14.5

5.3
5.5
4.7
12.5

- 6.0
- 6.5
- 5.7
- 16.6

White..............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women .........................................................
Both sexes. 16 to 19 years .....................

8,470
4,029
4,441
586

5,193
2,931
2,263
336

61.3
72.7
51.0
57.3

4,921
2,767
2,154
288

58.1
68.7
48.5
49.1

272
164
109
48

5.2
5.6
4.8
14.2

4.9
5.1
4.3

- 5.6
- 6.1
- 5.3
- 16.3

Black...............................................................
Men...............................................................
Women ........................................................

727
307
419

398
194
204

54.7
63.1
48.6

355
170
185

48.8
55.2
44.1

43
24
19

10.9
12.5
9.3

9.0
9.7
6.9

- 12.7
- 15.4
- 11.7

HisDanic origin..............................................
Men ...............................................................

106
54

64
38

60.3
71.7

59
35

55.6
65.7

5
3

7.9
8.4

4.0
3.2

- 11.8
- 13.5

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ...................................

2,237
5,441
1,612

1,542
3,425
681

68.9
62.9
42.2

1,396
3,296
636

62.4
60.6
39.5

146
129
45

9.5
3.8
6.6

8.7
3.4
5.5

- 10.3
- 4.1
- 7.6

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

763
357
406
59

519
274
245
38

68.1

500
264
236
33

65.5
73.9
58.1
56.8

20

5

3.8
3.7
3.9
12.3

3.2
2.9
3.1
8.7

- 4.4
- 4.5
- 4.7
- 15.8

White ..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

724
340
384
54

494
262
232
36

68.2

65.8
74.5
58.1
59.4

17
9
9
4

3.5
3.4
3.7
11.7

3.0

77.1
60.4
67.3

476
253
223
32

- 4.1
- 4.1
- 4.6
- 15.3

Black...............................................................

28

18

65.0

16

57.3

2

11.8

6.2

- 17.4

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

199
437
127

153
305
62

76.7
69.7
48.9

144
298
58

68.1

46.1

9
7
4

6.0

4.7
1.7
3.9

-

7.3
2.9
7.9

Total.................................................................
Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

2,495
1,181
1,314
238

1,632

65.4
75.2
56.6
48.6

1,541
851
690
97

61.7
72.0
52.5
40.7

91
38
53
19

5.6
4.3
7.2
16.1

4.9
3.4

-

6.2

White..............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,772
861
911
145

1,181
670
510
80

66.6

64.5
75.7
54.0
49.6

37
19
18

3.1

2.5

77.9
56.0
54.8

1,144
651
492
72

2.8

2.1

3.5
9.5

2.6

Black...............................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

705
313
392
91

439

62.3
67.9
57.9
38.7

385
193
192
24

54.6
61.8
48.9
26.6

54
19
35

12.3
8.9
15.4
31.3

10.5
6.7
23.0

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2..................................

605
1,441
449

64.6
70.8
49.1

342
994
205

12.6

10.6

2.5
7.3

1.9
5.2

202

12.8

6.9
6.8

7.6
20.6

Pennsylvania

6.0

12.1

Rhode Island

76.7
60.5
64.7

72.1

10
10

2.3
5.9

2.6

2.9
8.1

South Carolina

888

743
115

212

227
35
391
1,020
221

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

51

56.5
69.0
45.5

8

11

49
26
16

6.0
12.1

5.6

12.8

5.1
8.3
20.2

- 3.7
- 3.6
- 4.5
- 13.4
- 14.0
- 11.1
- 18.1
- 39.5
- 14.6
- 3.1
- 9.4

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

South Dakota
Total................................................................
Men................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

515
246
269
43

355
195
161
26

69.0
78.9
59.8
61.7

White.............................................................
Men..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

484
231
253
38

336
184
152
25

69.5
79.7
60.2
65.1

325
178
147

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2...................................

113
322
80

83
233
39

73.8
72.2
49.2

77
227
36

Total................................................................
Men................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

3,682
1,735
1,947
311

2,336
1,274
1,062
161

63.4
73.4
54.5
51.8

White .............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

3,073
1,465
1,607
257

1,964
1,085
879
139

Black..............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................

591
262
330

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

340
186
154
24

66.1

15

75.5
57.4
55.4

6

8

4.2
4.3
4.0

3.6
3.5
3.2
7.2

- 4.7
- 5.1
- 4.8
- 13.2

2.8

- 3.9
- 4.0
- 4.2
- 11.5

3

10.2

67.2
77.1
58.1
59.5

11

5

3.4
3.3
3.4

2

8.6

68.2

6
6

7.5
2.4
7.6

6.0

70.5
45.5

2,181
1,196
985
126

59.2
68.9
50.6
40.6

154
77
77
35

6.6

5.8
5.1

7.2

6.1

21.6

17.1

- 7.4
- 7.1
- 8.4
- 26.1

63.9
74.1
54.7
54.2

1,861
1,033
828
115

60.6
70.5
51.5
44.7

103
52
51
25

5.3
4.8
5.8
17.7

4.5
3.8
4.7
13.1

-

360
181
178

60.8
69.4
54.0

309
156
152

52.2
59.7
46.2

51
25
26

14.2
13.9
14.5

11.6

- 16.8
- 17.6
- 18.2

757
2,206
719

506
1,473
357

66.9
66.7
49.6

434
1,419
328

57.4
64.3
45.7

72
54
28

14.2
3.7

Total................................................................
Men................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

12,024
5,853
6,171

8,265
4,660
3,605
518

68.7
79.6
58.4
51.3

7,567
4,272
3,296
399

62.9
73.0
53.4
39.5

697
389
309
119

8.4
8.3

8.0

8.6

8.0

23.0

21.1

White.............................................................
Men..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

10,405
5,110
5,295
852

7,130
4,078
3,051
447

68.5
79.8
57.6
52.5

6,600
3,776
2,825
355

63.4
73.9
53.3
41.7

529
303
227
92

7.4
7.4
7.4

7.0
6.9

20.6

18.6

- 7.8
- 7.9
- 8.0
- 22.7

Black..............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,360
623
737
139

958
479
479
65

70.5
77.0
64.9
46.3

806
402
404
39

59.2
64.5
54.8
28.1

152
78
75
25

15.9
16.2
15.6
39.5

14.3
13.8
13.3
30.4

-

17.6
18.6
18.0
48.5

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

2,697
1,358
1,338
300

1,769
1,084

1,569
963
607
96

58.2
70.9
45.3
31.8

200

11.3

121

11.1

136

65.6
79.8
51.2
45.3

79
41

11.5
29.8

10.3
9.9
9.9
25.4

-

12.3
12.4
13.1
34.2

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2 ..................................

2,619
7,340
2,065

1,860
5,133
1,271

71.0
69.9
61.6

1,604
4,827
1,136

61.2
65.8
55.0

256
306
135

13.8

12.8

6.0
10.6

5.5
9.6

- 14.7
- 6.4
- 11.7

Total................................................................
Men................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

1,086
531
555
109

757
424
333
75

69.7
79.9
59.9
68.9

708
397
311
64

65.2
74.8
56.1
58.4

48
27

6.4
6.3
6.5
15.2

5.7
5.4
5.4
12.4

- 7.1
- 7.2
- 7.5
- 18.0

White .............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

1,048
511
537
104

731
410
321
72

69.7
80.3
59.7
69.3

686

45
25

6.2

385
300
61

65.4
75.4
55.9
58.9

21

6.4
15.0

5.5
5.1
5.4

- 6.9
- 7.0
- 7.5
- 17.9

Hispanic origin..............................................
Men..............................................................

51
29

40
27

79.2
90.6

36
24

71.0
81.6

22

6

3

2.6

2.7
5.7

1.8

5.4

-

9.0
2.9
9.8

Tennessee

6.1

8.0

10.3
10.7
12.0

2.9
5.9

6.0

5.8
7.0
22.2

- 16.4
- 4.4
- 10.0

Texas

1,011

686

7.8

6.8

- 8.8
- 8.9
- 9.2
- 24.9

Utah

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

52

21
11

11

4

3

6.0

10.4
9.9

12.2

6.4
5.2

- 14.3
- 14.7

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

State and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Utah—Continued
Single (never married)............
Married, spouse present........
Other marital status2 ..............

229
700
157

173
488
95

75.8
69.8
60.4

157
466

68.5

17

66.6

22

86

54.5

9

Total..............................................
Men..............................................
Women........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years....

414

296
159
137

71.5
79.5
64.0
67.4

285
154
131
19

68.9
76.9
61.4
59.4

11

3

11.8

White ...........................................
Men............................................
Women ......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

411
198
213
32

293
158
136

71.4
79.5
63.8
67.3

283
153
130
19

68.8

11

76.9
61.2
59.3

6

Single (never married)..............
Married, spouse present..........
Other marital status2................

105
237
72

80
175
41

76.5
73.8
56.5

75
171
39

71.4
72.1
54.7

5
4

Total..............................................
Men..............................................
Women........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years....

4,384

68.2

2,283
374

2,989
1,641
1,347
193

78.1
59.0
51.5

2,862
1,580
1,283
159

65.3
75.2
56.2
42.6

White...........................................
Men............................................
Women ......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

3,436
1,662
1,774
272

2,319
1,301
1,018
145

67.5
78.3
57.4
53.4

2,248
1,264
984
125

Black............................................
Men............................................
Women .....................................

864
396
468

607
304
302

70.2
76.9
64.6

Hispanic origin...........................

81

64

Single (never married)..............
Married, spouse present..........
Other marital status2................

1,041
2,654
689

Total..............................................
Men..............................................
Women........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years....

9.7
4.5
9.7

8.0

3.8
7.5

- 11.4
- 5.3
- 12.0

3.1
2.5
3.2
8.4

- 4.2
- 3.9
- 4.9
- 15.3

3.6
3.2
4.1
11.9

3.1
2.5
3.3
8.4

- 4.2
- 3.9
- 5.0
- 15.3

6.6

5.2

2.4
3.2

1.8

-

126
62
65
34

4.2
3.8
4.8
17.4

3.7
3.0
3.9
13.6

65.4
76.1
55.5
46.1

71
37
34

3.1
2.9
3.3
13.6

2.5

556
284
272

64.4
71.6
58.2

51

8.4

6.8

21

6.8

30

9.9

4.8
7.5

78.9

60

74.2

4

6.0

1.9

-

10.1

748
1,855
385

71.8
69.9
55.9

679
1,816
368

65.2
68.4
53.4

69
39
17

9.3

7.7

-

10.8

3,393
1,640
1,753
270

2,254
1,232

2,083
1,144
940
125

61.4
69.7
53.6
46.2

171

158

66.4
75.1
58.3
58.6

83
34

21.2

White ...........................................
Men ............................................
Women ......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

3,088
1,499
1,590
227

2,045

66.2

1,121

924
138

74.8
58.1
60.6

1,903
1,048
855

61.6
70.0
53.8
49.5

■•42
73
69
25

6.9
6.5
7.5
18.2

Black............................................

109

75

69.4

63

58.2

12

Single (never married)..............
Married, spouse present..........
Other marital status2................

760
2,008
625

558
1,317
380

73.5
65.6
60.7

484
1,249
351

63.7
62.2
56.1

74

Total...............................................
Men...............................................
Women.........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....

1,449
676
773
113

749
437
312
43

51.7
64.7
40.4
38.1

668

384
284
31

46.1
56.8
36.8
27.4

81
53
28

White............................................
Men............................................. .
Women ........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....

1,388
648
739
108

720
421
299
42

51.9
64.9
40.5
38.9

646
371
275
30

46.5
57.2
37.1
28.0

Black............................................. .

55

26

46.6

19

Single (never married)...............
Married, spouse present...........
Other marital status2..................

271
911
267

149
509
91

55.0
55.9
34.1

122

Vermont

200

214
32

22

22

5
6

5
3

1

3.6
3.2
4.1

1.8

8.0

2.9
4.5

Virginia

2,101

20

2.2

2.5
9.6

2.1

1.6

4.5

2.9

7.6
7.1

6.8

8.1

6.9
17.1

-

4.8
4.5
5.7
21.1

- 3.6
- 3.6
- 4.2
- 17.6
- 10.0
- 8.9
- 12.4

2.6
6.1

Washington

1,022

112

88

6.1

6.1

5.4
6.3
13.9

- 8.4
- 8.2
- 9.3
- 25.4
-

7.7
7.5
8.7
22.6

16.1

10.0

- 22.3

13.3
5.2
7.6

11.3
4.3
5.7

- 15.2
- 6.0
- 9.5

10.8

9.8

12.2

10.8

8.9
28.1

7.5
22.4

- 11.8
- 13.6
- 10.3
- 33.9

74
50
25

10.3

9.3
10.4

8.2

6.8

12

27.9

22.1

34.2

7

26.6

18.8

- 34.3

44.9
51.5
29.1

27
40

18.4

I 15.6

- 21.1
- 9.0
- 18.1

68

29

West Virginia

469
78

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

53

12

14

11.8

7.9
14.9

6.8
11.6

- 11.3
- 13.2
- 9.6
- 33.7

Table 12. States: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital
status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian non­
institutional
population

Total................................................................
Men................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

State and population group

Civilian labor force

Employment

Unemployment

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

3,615
1,752
1,863
280

2,491
1,384
1,107
191

68.9
79.0
59.4
68.3

2,339
1,294
1,045
167

64.7
73.9
56.1
59.6

152
90
62
24

White.............................................................
Men ..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

3,424
1,662
1,762
259

2,380
1,327
1,053
181

69.5
79.8
59.8
69.9

2,250
1,250

129
77
53

161

65.7
75.2
56.8
62.3

Black..............................................................

141

89

62.9

70

49.3

Single (never married).................................
Married, spouse present.............................
Other marital status2...................................

885
2,223
507

669
1,580
242

75.6
71.1
47.8

605
1,510
224

Total................................................................
Men................................................................
Women..........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.......................

349
171
178
29

240
135
105
17

68.6

219

78.7
59.0
56.7

122

White.............................................................
Men..............................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .....................

342
168
174
29

235
132
103
16

68.7
78.5
59.3
56.9

215

Hispanic origin..............................................

14

11

79.1

Single (never married)................................
Married, spouse present............................
Other marital status2..................................

65
224
60

46
157
36

69.9
70.3
60.9

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Wisconsin
6.1

6.5
5.6
12.7

5.4
5.5
4.6
9.1

- 6.8
- 7.5
- 6.7
- 16.3

5.4
5.8
5.0
10.9

4.7
4.8
4.0
7.5

- 6.1
- 6.7
- 6.0
- 14.4

19

21.6

15.6

- 27.6

68.3
67.9
44.2

64
69
18

9.6
4.4
7.5

7.9
3.6
5.0

- 11.3
- 5.2
- 10.0

62.8
71.5
54.4
42.5

21

8.6

12

9.2
7.8
24.9

7.7
8.0
6.5
20.4

- 9.5
- 10.4
- 9.1
- 29.5

63.0
71.5
54.8
42.8

20

4

8.3
8.9
7.6
24.8

7.4
7.7
6.3
20.2

- 9.2
- 10.1
- 8.8
- 29.3

10

70.8

1

10.5

5.8

- 15.1

38
149
32

57.6
66.5
54.4

89

17.5
5.5
10.7

15.0
4.6
8.3

- 20.1
- 6.4
- 13.2

1,000

20

Wyoming

97
13

120

95
12

2 “Other marital status" includes divorced, widowed, separated, and married with
spouse absent.
Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4

12
8

4

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval, which means
that if repeated samples were drawn from the same population and an error range
constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out of 10 cases the true value based
on a complete census of the population would be contained within these error ranges.
3

8

54


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual
averages
(In thousands)
Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules1

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part-time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

TOTAL

Alabama .......................................
Alaska...........................................
Arizona..........................................
Arkansas .......................................
California ......................................
Colorado.......................................
Connecticut .................................
Delaware ......................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

1,422
174
1,233
806
10,552
1,264
1,390
261
273
4,608

Georgia.........................................
Hawaii ...........................................
Idaho.............................................
Illinois............................................
Indiana..........................................
Iowa...............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky.......................................
Louisiana ......................................
Maine............................................

2,440
396
333
4,346
2,062
1,049
971
1,216
1,347
440

Maryland.......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan .......................................
Minnesota.....................................
Mississippi ....................................
Missouri ........................................
Montana........................................
Nebraska......................................
Nevada .........................................
New Hampshire..........................

1,929
2,375
3,263
1,638
848
1,948
281
604
446
477

New Jersey .................................
New Mexico................................
New York......................................
North Carolina ............................
North Dakota ..............................
Ohio...............................................
Oklahoma.....................................
Oregon..........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island............................

3,187
486
6,741
2,633
230
3,887
1,137
1,032
4,275
406

89
44
249
128
19
227

530
94
1,080
368
64
767

111

201

78
262

192
791
81

South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee ....................................
Texas ............................................
Utah ............................................
Vermont........................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington .................................
West Virginia................................
Wisconsin.....................................
Wyoming.......................................

1,274
262
1,820
6,255
528
228
2,389
1,615
543
1,778
170

78
19
113
476
39

51
134
17

189
60
248
836
141
47
361
347
74
427
32

856

119
20

92
71
616
99
35
13
10

244
111

27
35
251
120

71
47
92
142
27
62
68

232
111

73
118
32
40
22
12

12

10
112
121

205
27
188
125
1,787
204
269
47
28
705

127
23
80
71
636
108
43

18
156
23
15

8

2

18
240

3
73

334
72

127
16
30
349
142
60
51
123
191

41
4

66

733
394
248
187
230
230
94
309
544
659
388
112

360
61
128
54
85

20

4
21

8

75
34
20
11

25
43

20

6

81
76
295
92
105
133
24
31
28

21

23
75
30
12

30
6

9
7
4

11

129
51
341
118
12

298
96
66

249
14
74
11

127
584
33
8

92
137
70
113
16

31
10

70
28
5
69
19
19
71
6

17
4
28
113
15
3
34
34
11

39
5

Men

Alabama .................................
Alaska ...........................................
Arizona..............................
Arkansas.......................................
California ......................................
Colorado...................................
Connecticut ..................................
Delaware ........................... .
District of Columbia...................
Florida...........................................

55

61

101

10

8

737
490
6,431
742
819
153
137
2,658

43
34
309
45
15

64
39
568
63
72
13

5

11

ft 9

120

241

127

30

Georgia.........................................
Hawaii ...........................................
Idaho.............................................
Illinois........................................
Indiana..........................................
Iowa............................................
Kansas .......................................
Kentucky...................................

1,402
219
214
2,612
1,204
651
595
747

47
13
17
118
43
27
18
43

121

56
e
18
218
80
36
28
73

16
ft
3
32
15

6

See footnotes at end of table.

55

27
19
216
118
80
53
82

63
14
w
36
382
67
r

10
1

ft
8
66
10

ft

ft
1

6

5
10


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Unemployed

Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules1

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Voluntary
part-time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

Men—Continued

Louisiana ......................................
Maine............................................

831
274

70

Maryland.......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan .......................................
Minnesota.....................................
Mississippi....................................
Missouri ........................................
Montana........................................
Nebraska......................................
Nevada .........................................
New Hampshire..........................

1,121

1,418
2,013
981
515
1,157
174
359
254
291

26
29
104
48
33
56
14
18

New Jersey..................................
New Mexico.................................
New York......................................
North Carolina ............................
North Dakota ..............................
Ohio...............................................
Oklahoma.....................................
Oregon ..........................................
Pennsylvania................................
Rhode Island................................

1,931
301
4,020
1,494
150
2,395
662
622
2,638
234

South Carolina............................
South Dakota...............................
Tennessee ....................................
Texas........ ...................................
Utah ..............................................
Vermont........................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington ..................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin.....................................
Wyoming.......................................

758
161
1,057
3,737
338
139
1,416
983
339

30
7
57
259
18
4
46
55

1,112

61

122

107

6

Alabama .......................................
Alaska ...........................................
Arizona..........................................
Arkansas .......................................
California ......................................
Colorado.......................................
Connecticut .................................
Delaware ......................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

567
73
496
316
4,121
522
571
108
136
1,950

64

Georgia .........................................
Hawaii ...........................................
Idaho.............................................
Illinois............................................
Indiana..........................................
Iowa...............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky.......................................
Louisiana ......................................
Maine ............................................

1,038
177
119
1,734
858
398
377
469
516
166

64
13
19
133
77
44
29
49
72
16

213
46
47
517
275
168
134
147
149

Maryland.......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan .......................................
Minnesota.....................................
Mississippi ....................................
Missouri ........................................
Montana........................................
Nebraska ......................................
Nevada .........................................
New Hampshire..........................

808
956
1,250
657
333
791
106
245
192
186

36
39
128
62
40
62
18

7

215
404
480
259
78
241
42
90
36
65

New Jersey .................................
New Mexico.................................
New York......................................
North Carolina ............................

1,256
185
2,721
1,139

45
23
135
70

382
61
760
239

11

10

82
27

119
<2>

17
i2)

94
140
179
129
34
119
18
37
18

43
47
177
62
57
80
15
17

9

4

20

43

148
33
320
130
18
218
72
56
219
26

21

114
59
7
99
62
33
112

5

21

ft
ft

8

29
10

5
11
2

4
i2)
i2)

73
31
221

58
ft
186
60
39
162
ft

13
4
24
11

t2)
26
9
5
28
i2)
6

63
18
83
275
41

31
7
65
343
21

6

12

«
45
79
49
71

<2>
17
9
5
19

9

11

2

144
19
124
85
1,219
141
198
34
18
464

63

11

118
106
24

2
12

45

Women

10

49
37
307
55
20

7
5
124

21
12

See footnotes at end of table.

56

68

8

<2>
35
254
41

ft 9
112

71
«
12

131
61
24
23
50
73
9
38
29
117
30
49
53
9

ft
ft
ft
56
0
120

60

3
<2>
10

90
13

ft
ft
2

42
25
r

4
42
19
12

7
15
26
4
12

15
45
20

7
20

4
o
ft
ft
18
ft
46
17


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules’

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part-time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

Women—Continued

Ohio.............................................
Oklahoma...................................
Oregon..........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island...............................

1,493
475
410
1,638
172

127
49
45
149

South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee ..............................
Texas .........................................
Utah .............................................
Vermont........................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington .................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin .....................................
Wyoming.......................................

517

48

8

549
130
135
572
56

101

11

763
2,518
190
89
973
633
204

57
217

126
42
165
561

22

100

7

35
243
241
50
306
23

66
66

666

30
73

62

11

38
4
33

12

43

1

6

12

112

36
27
87
ft
43
i2)
62
241
<2>
<2)
47
58

(2)
43
10

14
43
ft
10

(2)
15
68

(2)
i2)
18
25
7

21

42
5

21

(2)
(*)
(*)
(*)
62
(*)
(2)
(2)
ft
27

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
78
(2)
(2)

3

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

Alabama .......................................
Alaska ................................
Arizona..................................
Arkansas ......................................
California ......................................
Colorado.......................................
Connecticut................................
Delaware ................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...................................
Georgia.........................................
Hawaii ...........................................
Idaho.............................................
Illinois............................................
Indiana..........................................
Iowa...............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky...................................
Louisiana......................................
Maine .......................
Maryland.................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan ....................................
Minnesota................
Mississippi ............................
Missouri ........................................
Montana...............................
Nebraska .....................................
Nevada ...................................
New Hampshire..........................
New Jersey...........................
New Mexico ............................
New York............................
North Carolina ............................
North Dakota ..............................
Ohio.........................................
Oklahoma....................................
Oregon..........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island.........................
South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee ....................................
Texas ............................................
Utah ..............................................
Vermont........................................
Virginia ..........................................
Washington .................................
West Virginia................................
Wisconsin.....................................

See footnotes at end of table.

22

8

244
28
37

65
15
7

46
29
381
48
56

8

1

11

5
126

2

25

5
161

72

11

8

4
5
37
15

8

103
60
24

11

21

6

26
31
14

10
20

99
15
15
180
86

61
43
49
51

3

20

52
78

12

88

40
14

70
118
168
99

6

21

42
17
49

10

18
4

79

16
14
16

6

28

85
13
156
82

8

6

99
26
31
104

12

(2)
(2)
ft
(2)
(2)
32
(2)
18
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
ft

11

2

21

16

124

12

6

21

32
16
3
39

246
87

(2)
31
15
o
29
(2)
(2)
23

11
10

12

168
43
43
167
18

12

38

11

8

46
150

3
15
60

21

6

9
57
31

1

10

12

90
79
16
104

42

0

3

36
3

10

(2)
(2)
ft
33
ft
ft

15
5
21

48
13
65
189
36

(2)
33
(2)
(Z)
ft
37
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
ft
(2)
(2)
37
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
ft
13
(2)
28
(2)
34
(2)
(2)
30

ft

ft

(2)
(2)
(2)
60
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)
60
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

ft

ft

Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(in thousands)
Unemployed

Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules1

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Voluntary
part-time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years—Continued

4

2

7

Alabama .......................................
Alaska ...........................................
Arizona..........................................
Arkansas .......................................
California ......................................
Colorado.......................................
Connecticut..................................
Delaware ......................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

1,139
149
1,174
703
8,940
1,183
1,287

69
13

167

86

182

50
524
94
32

111

220

10

96
3,959

2

Georgia.........................................
Hawaii ...........................................
Idaho.............................................
Illinois............................................
Indiana..........................................
Iowa...............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky.......................................
Louisiana ......................................
Maine ............................................

1,772
109
326
3,725
1,925
1,032
907
1,146
1,036
435

Wyoming.......................................

0

i2)

White

178
50
8

34
200
102

70
43
82
91
27

Maryland.......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan .......................................
Minnesota.....................................
Mississippi ....................................
Missouri ........................................
Montana........................................
Nebraska.....................................
Nevada .........................................
New Hampshire..........................

1,422
2,241
2,871
1,583
588
1,775
270
587
398
474

33
63
195
107
31
103
30
38

New Jersey ..................................
New Mexico ................................
New York......................................
North Carolina ............................
North Dakota ..............................
Ohio...............................................
Oklahoma....................................
Oregon..........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island...............................

2,725
445
5,654
2,109
224
3,525
1,005
983
3,925
387

71
39
207
82
18
199
90
72
239

South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee ...................................
Texas ............................................
Utah ..............................................
Vermont........................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington .................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin....................................
Wyoming.......................................

960
250
1,560
5,459
510
226
1,876
1,472
525
1,709
166

38
17

20
11

12

86

395
37
10

22

1,562
193
260
42
9
618
243
25
65
680
365
240
177
217
191
94

74
15
70
45
505
95
36
<2>
«
167
58
<2>
29
230
110

55
43
103
105
19

12

3
20
12

126
20

13
<2>
(2>
54
19
<2>
7
54
28
19
10
21

28
6

11

252
528
614
378
79
336
60
125
51
84

38
69
199
82
40

11

4

481
89
984
308
63
720
173
181
757
77

94
40
245
70

24
9
58
16
4
57
15
18
63
5

145
58
215
746

i5e

72
105
49
124
17

46
300
326
73
417
32

50

38

100
20

22

57
27
5
25
5
8

27
23

10

234
75
62
210
12

6

8

29
8

3

83
439
31
7
50
115
63
95
15

20

90
14
3
22

27
11

34
5

Black

Alabama .......................................
Alaska...........................................
Arkansas .......................................
California ......................................
Colorado.......................................
Connecticut.................................
Delaware ......................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

276
7
95
671
47
95
35
170
596

Georgia.........................................
Illinois............................................

645
511

1

1

20

12

46
3
3

79

2
8
63

4
19
76

60
47

42

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

58

6
8

88

8

52

<*>
25
81

n
<2>
(2>

16
70
69
113

(2>
6
15

<2>
<2>
(2>
2
18

22
20


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Table 13. States: Civilian employed and unemployed persons by full- and
part-time status, sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Employed
Population group and State

Full-time
schedules1

Part-time for
economic
reasons

Unemployed
Voluntary
part-time1

Looking for
Looking for
full-time work part-time work

Black—Continued

Indiana..........................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky.......................................
Louisiana ......................................

124
52
67
297

Maryland .......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan .......................................
Mississippi ...................................
Missouri ........................................
Nevada .........................................

16
3

27
5

10

11

50

38

85

457
87
335
255
154
29

27
4
33
42
13

47

1

2

41
o
90
65
p>
p>

New Jersey..................................
New York...................... ...............
North Carolina .............................
Ohio...............................................
Oklahoma.....................................
Pennsylvania...............................

362
839
488
333
58
304

18
36
45
26
9

39
76
56
40
19
30

South Carolina............................
Tennessee ...................................
Texas ............................................
Virginia..........................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin.....................................

305
249
657
465
15
54

39
27
72
37

42
32
77
54

2

2

8

7

21

12

32
32
22

p>
p>
'

P)

p)
pj
p>
15
9
(12)
17
7
pi

p)

32
85
45
61
r

7
12
11
12

p)

37

6

45
43
131
n
(*)

21

0

9
8

p>
p>
p>

Hispanic origin

Arizona..........................................
California .....................................
Colorado.......................................
Connecticut.................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

207
2,190
119
56

20

21

193

248
15

21
2

12

6

i2)
193
(2)
<*>
p>
39

p>
34
(2)
(2)
(2)

p)
p>
pi
f2)
C2)
p)
p>

1

1

586

40

68

Georgia.........................................
Idaho.............................................
Illinois............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan .......................................
Nevada .........................................

51
18
250
25
60
48
33

1

11

pi

1

p)
p>
o
p>
p>
p>

New Jersey .................................
New Mexico ................................
New York......................................
Ohio...............................................
Oklahoma ....................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Texas ............................................
Utah ..............................................
Virginia..........................................
Wyoming.......................................

244
156
656
32
39
51
1,262
29
43
7

3
16
1

3
5

19
4
9
10

2

4

8

23
29
58

20

26
3
4
4
173
3
3
1

1 Employed persons with a job but not at work
are distributed according to whether they usually
work full- or part time.
2 Data are not shown when the labor force
base does not meet BLS publication standards of
reliability for the particular area, based on the
sample in that area. See appendix B.

8

5
5
134
4
15
2

pi
(2)
59
p>
p>
p>
166
p)
0

p>

6

(2)
<2)
9
(2)
p)
pi
33
o
p)
p)

NOTE: Items may not add to totals because
of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin
groups will not add to totals because data for the
"other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black
population groups.

59

Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1987 annual
averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and State

Total

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
Profession­
administra­
cians and
al
spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Handlers,
Farming,
production, Machine
Transpor­ equipment forestry,
craft, and operators,
tation and cleaners, and fishing
repair
assem­
material
helpers,
blers, and
moving
and labor­
inspectors
ers

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Alabama...............................................
Alaska ..................................................
Arizona.................................................
Arkansas ..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut .........................................
Delaware..............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

1,875
248
1,602
1,076
13,646
1,685
1,745
331
331
5,835

158
35
209
84
1,840
252
243
40
51
724

199
35
196
97
1,830
233
249
39
65
661

Georgia................................................
Hawaii ..................................................
Idaho....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana .................................................
Iowa......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky..............................................
Louisiana ...................................................................
Maine...................................................

3,025
511
469
5,699
2,728
1,439
1,260
1,660
1,913
585

326
58
37
681

320
67
48
700
285
159
154
177
236
70

Maryland..............................................
Massachusetts...................................
Michigan ..............................................
Minnesota............................................
Mississippi ...........................................
Missouri................................................
Montana...............................................
Nebraska ...................................................................
Nevada ........................................................................
New Hampshire..................................................

2,389
3,076
4,474
2,249
1,132
2,573
401
807
555
587

328
408
431
239
97
279
45
80
74

353
505
522
274
114
295
52
81
52
76

New Jersey .........................................
New Mexico ............................................................
New York................................. ...........
North Carolina.......................................................
North Dakota..........................................................
Ohio.................................................................................
Oklahoma..................................................................
Oregon.................................................
Pennsylvania.......................................
Rhode Island......................................

3,950
678
8,429
3,258
329
5,207
1,552
1,380
5,608
517

563
79
1,049
307
32
534
178
166
566
51

519
87
1,262
332
39
638
186
162
674
73

South Carolina...................................
South Dakota........................................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas .............................................................................
Utah.................................................................................
Vermont...............................................
Virginia.................................................
Washington ........................................
West Virginia.......................................
Wisconsin ..................................................................
Wyoming.....................................................................

1,617
354
2,310
8,181
752
295
2,971
2,236
739
2,474
237

152
29
209
981
92
36
402
276
58
230

164
39
228
962
103
41
383
294
82
294
26

1,746

196
34
191
95
1,782
226
246
39
63
648
316
67
46
683
280

202

135
146
133
198
58

66

22

o
8

<2)

225
29
202

258
40
251
151
2,257
263
319
60
71
951

257
37
234
146
1,729
227
169
45
62
851

251
31
206
151
1,599
177
216
40
16
755
416
50
58
630
368
164
143
235
256

27
407
64
55
13
14
148

134
1,676
239
216
40

91
16

352
60
56
693
317
156
135
188
258
67

495

390

88

102

66

66

983
409
195
206
209
294
76

787
388
174
242
269
79

273
336
506
223
119
291
49
95
72
70

438
515
671
363
158
388
53

311
379
671
342
139
379
62

122

121

86

85

133
63

482
89
948
362
39
605
192
169
657
55

721
93
1,573
460
42
769
237

474
103
1,244
378
53
726
218

210

200

923
78

773

688

68

70

187
40
230

229
49
340
1,357
116
39
464
358
92
354
34

208
58
304
1,053

228
36
334
1,019
89
40
364
258

246
36
240
142
2,151
248
312
58
67
916

232
32
215
128
1,608
205
161
43
57
795

231
26
194
138
1,514
158

478

357
99
60
719
353

398
47
54
586
349

12

159
69
36
34
«

63
14
78
114
140
71
29
71
10
22
ft

23
117
ft

231
88
ft

137
46
ft

179
16
39
8

71
241
ft
10

113
«
ft

56
ft

22

820

1,111

93
33
321
264
84
267
25

221

111

41
377
334
114
367
41

86

279
362
526
233
158
323
40
92
61
95
452
86

893
455
30
639
169
148

110

290
33

211

103

108

11

11

R

71
103
859
63
140
19

ft

ft265

65
458
59
56
14
13
227

271
13
35
414
315
91
77
148
84
56

148
19
27
241
143
72
59
113
99
30

91

93
94
195
83
83
117
19
36

220

484
149
122

209
11

47
<!>

«

53
264
ft

485
451
ft

528
101

94
450
60
220

15
288
474
44
21

185
105
51
248
7

19
153
«

314
138
14
242
78
58
265
20

65
16
97
376
25
13
133
93
54
103

70
58
525
63
56
16
11

246

55

ft

ft

60
462
ft

ft

ft
ft185

152

64
16
41

20

23
288
145
67
51
96
90
29

122

87
142
81
83

ft

20

106
104

ft 39

211

116
167
41
91
41
75

103
70
129
19
37

ft

ft
21

158
31
305
188
ft

267
74
82
309
19
85
15
128
380
32

ft

46
39
123
98
49
119
73
61
125
r

42
49
78
224
25

10

11

139
84
57
127

88

21

10

96
9

92
9
61
49
465
54
51
15
9
225

108
19
139
13

EMPLOYED

Alabama......................................................................
Alaska..................................................
Arizona.................................................
Arkansas ..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut.............................................................
Delaware.....................................................................
District of Columbia.........................................
Florida..................................................

12,955
1,567
1,695
321
312
5,558

155
32
205
80
1,799
241
237
39
49
702

Georgia................................................
Hawaii ..................................................
Idaho....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana.................................................

2,885
495
433
5,330
2,575

317
57
36
662
196

222

1,513
1,002

ft
8
ft

26
393
62
54
13
14
143
90
16
11

153
68

213
27
191
130
1,610
224
210

39
20

781
335
58
53
653
302

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

60

86

62
932
390

211

39
15
719

187
ft

65
96
785
55
135
17
R

«

62
423
53
55
13
12

242

214

250

144
18
23

139
19

220

244
126

12

30
364
295

138

20

51
ft
ft

55
424
ft

ft

ft
ft

172
59
15
37
116
79

Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced’ civilian labor force by occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty
Employment status and State

Total

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
administra­ Profession­ cians and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

Handlers,
Farming,
equipment forestry,
cleaners, and fishing
helpers,
and labor­
ers

EMPLOYED—Continued

Iowa....................................................
Kansas ...............................................

Massachusetts....................................

Nebraska.............................................
New Hampshire.................................

North Carolina.....................................

Rhode Island.......................................

South Dakota......................................

Vermont...............................................

1,368
1,205
1,538
1,720
561

132
142
130
191
58

157
151
176
227

2,300
2,987
4,154
2,137
1,034
2,426
373
771
522
573

321
401
419
233
95
272
43
78
64
72

347
496
508
268

3,806
624
8,071
3,130
314
4,881
1,449
1,302
5,328
500

555
78
1,028
302
31
519
174
160
550
50

509
85
1,241
327
39
627
181
160
661
73

115
(2)
223

175
16

54

1,541
340
2,181
7,567
708
285
2,862
2,083

150
28
205
941
90
35
396
264
56

162
38

38

178

222

71
230
(2)

668

2,339
219

222
21

35
32

ft 58
14
75
113
136

148
130
175
233
65
258
329

153
134
213
226
82

502

83
71
132

56
104

68

88

52

27

84
209
427

90
89
180
75
76

112

292

60
45
83
70
27
96
97
177
91
58
113
16
33

vvO

9
80

(2)

ft 18

74

943
101

41
376
286
80
286
25

466
82
913
348

1,523

(2)
132
43

1,174
jU

185
724
65

1,273

10
111

(2)
ft

278
941
103
40
358
305
102

342

437
77
846
439
28
599
138
649
67
219
35
317
922
81
39
351
240
95
275
30

243

ft

145

ft294

429
ft
476
92
414
58
201

14
264
420
40
20

176
94
45
228

132
13
220

72
53
248
18
62
15
93
335
24
13
128
86

48
94
18

6

ft

20

138
79
78

ft 19
ft 36
104
163
36
85
39
72
(2>

ft

144
24
270
172
ft
229

42
36
114
92
48
108

66

68

74
272
18

57
114
ft

79
14

39
48
75
204

111

321
29

22

8

11

127
67
45

83
95
16
132

110
8

12

UNEMPLOYED

129
26
89
74

a

41

48

11

6

19
277

Idaho....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana..................................................

140
17
36
370
152
71
56

89
89
320
Minnesota............................................
Mississippi ...........................................
Montana...............................................
Nevada ..............................................

112

98
147
28
36
33

15

12

8

85
19
5

74

22

6

13

5

39

36

1

1

1

19

18
5

6
2

3
40
15

3
52
18

ft 2

9

23

t3)

16

2

2

0
0

4
35
5

9
9
60
9
5

8

5

1
1

ft

1

2

<2)
<2)

23

12

21

14

32

18

21

3

13

4

1

2

1

3

4

5
7
3
9

3
44
19
7
5
13

11

20

6
68

35
9
25
39

6

4
43
19

5
50

21

21

11

8

9

6

21

15
16
5

30

8

7

8

11

12

58

6

10

13

3

2

4
5
15
9

10

10

<3>1

2
8

9

5

2

3

ft

ft

6
8

4
2

4
i2)
1

<2>

6

3

34

12

12

19
22

«i

5
38
0

36

1

ft

4

57

1

1

6

ft

2
1

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5

18

1

6

12

121

8

6

24
ft

8

(3)
22

21

106
15

(3i

122

193
24

20

6

10

25

5

<*)

118
51
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

13

0

ft

5

12

6

15
3
4

6
2

3
i2)

Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and State

Total

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Techni­
Executive,
Profession­
administra­
cians and
al spe­
related
tive, and
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

Handlers,
Farming,
equipment forestry,
cleaners, and fishing
helpers,
and labor­
ers

UNEMPLOYED—Continued

New Hampshire.................................

14

1

1

1

2

1

3

2

1

1

1

New Jersey ........................................
New Mexico .......................................
New York............................................
North Carolina....................................
North Dakota.......................................
Ohio......................................................
Oklahoma............................................
Oregon.................................................
Pennsylvania.......................................
Rhode Island.......................................

144
54
358
128
15
325
103
78
280
17

8

10

2

17
7
36
14

22

21

21

8

12

14
7
34
16

5

5
50
13

16
9
47
16

1

2

5
3

31

4

27

35
14
9
31

2

2

South Carolina...................................
South Dakota.....................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas ...................................................
Utah......................................................
Vermont...............................................
Virginia.................................................
Washington ........................................
West Virginia......................................
Wisconsin ............................................
Wyoming..............................................

76
13
129
614
44
10

2

2

21

21

5

5

1

1

15
4

11

2

13

1

1

1

2

4
40
3

6

1

(3>

8
2

r

4

6

15

o

r

R

3
63
20

15
49
3

2

41
23

21
6
1

(2>

2

9
5
1

R

52
9

22

39

11

6

8

6

10

8

38

36

5
17

7
37

2

2

2

1

8

20

2

6

39
17

4
11

R
3

8
1

1

1

9
72
5

14
84
6

8

8

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

17
13

13

19
29

13
18
15
15
3

9

6

12

11

7

17

12

7

6

12

20

9

18

3
7

1

2

2

1

6.2

14.6
19.1
13.2
15.3
11.4
14.6
9.3
5.0
14.4
8.4

r

R

5

6

12

9

2

1

8

8

1

1

t2>

1

6.9
10.4
5.5
6.9
5.1
7.0
2.9
3.0
5.7
4.8

2.0

1.5
4.0
2.5

(2>

5.3
6.9
5.6
3.3
4.0
6.3

4.6
3.3
7.6
6.5
5.6
4.9
4.4
7.4

2.6

1.2

1.0

1.8

1.2

2.4

2.8

3.0
2.5
1.7
1.4

6.0

109
153
71
135
18

22

R

1

11

19
2

11

R

R

11

70

«

R

1

(2>

6

o
3

11

5

22

4
13
2

19
3
26
112

12

25
4

1

1

1

2

1

17
96

24
54
4

4
42

18
60
4

20

2

3
3

R
5

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE

Alabama...............................................
Alaska..................................................
Arizona.................................................
Arkansas ..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut........................................
Delaware..............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................
Georgia................................................
Hawaii ..................................................
Idaho....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana.................................................
Iowa......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky..............................................
Louisiana .............................................
Maine ...................................................

10.1

4.1

6.4
1.8

4.6

i2)

4.9
10.1

4.3
5.6
4.7
5.7
2.3

3.8

2.2

2.2

2.6

4.2

2.8

2.6

1.5

2.4
3.4
3.9
1.3

1.6

1.0

.1

2.5

2.8

3.0

1.3
3.1

11.1

5.3
3.7

3.0
3.0

2.8

3.0
2.2

2.0

3.5
2.2

3.0
4.7
<2>
6.7
.7

2.8

4.7

9.6
12.3
8.3
12.3
7.0
9.6
4.5
4.2

8.3
17.1
5.8

8.1

6.8

6.6

4.7

4.7
3.2
5.9
5.8
4.7
4.8
3.3
6.7
9.7

3.4
2.5
5.1
5.3
4.5
3.5
6.5
7.7

8.3
3.4
9.3
8.7
9.0
7.3
5.4
10.4
14.4

2.0

2.8

6.1

6.0

2.2

8.6

6.4
9.0
11.7
3.9

8.1

2.8

5.5

2.0

1.5
2.5
2.3

2.2

2.6

3.9

2.9
3.4

6.1

4.5
4.3

10.1

8.0

7.4
11.5
9.1

5.8
8.7
5.5
9.2
5.1
7.8
2.4

1.6

2.7
2.1

8.6

1.6

2.1

1.8

5.7
6.9
4.5

2.5
2.4

1.0

3.1

6.2

2.8

3.6

6.8

2.0

1.0

2.0

4.4
4.9

6.0

2.6

1.5

<2>
3.9

6.0

2.4

4.2
1.7

5.6
3.5
4.3

3.1

1.6

New Jersey ........................................
New Mexico .......................................
New York............................................
North Carolina....................................
North Dakota......................................
Ohio......................................................
Oklahoma ............................................
Oregon.................................................
Pennsylvania......................................
Rhode Island......................................

3.6
7.9
4.2
3.9
4.6

1.5
2.3

2.0

3.5
7.6
3.8
3.8
3.8
5.0
5.9
6.4
4.2
2.9

3.1
5.9
3.2
2.9
4.8
4.5
5.9
4.2
3.4
3.0

4.5
11.4
5.6
5.9
5.8
8.7
9.1
7.3
6.3
4.7

South Carolina...................................

4.7

4.5

2.3

9.1

2.0
1.8
2.6

1.9
1.9
1.7
1.5
1.6

(2i
3.4
1.7

o

2.9
2.4
3.6
2.7
2.3

1.7
2.3
1.4
1.9

3.9
7.1
(2i
2.4

1.0

.2

.8

1.0

2.3

3.5
7.2

See footnotes at end of table.

62

6.8

10.1
6.2

6.5
4.1

8.6

6.6

1.6

1.6

R
7.7
5.0
13.5

3.8

2.2

8.1

4.3
4.6
6.9
6.9
5.1

3.1
.5

2.8


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

12.3
3.6

2.5
3.2

.6

2.2

5.7
5.0
3.4

10.8

2.6

3.7
2.9
7.2
5.0

6.6

8.6

1.8

1.2

7.7
7.4

5.3

2.6

Maryland..............................................
Massachusetts...................................
Michigan ..............................................
Minnesota............................................
Mississippi ...........................................
Missouri................................................
Montana...............................................
Nebraska.............................................
Nevada ................................................
New Hampshire.................................

6.2

8.1

11.6

R

3.4
11.0

5.2
3.5

12.0
6.6

20.8

R
5.8
7.6
9.3
.9
4.2
6.3
5.5
2.2

4.1
12.5
8.9
3.2
9.3
5.4
8.0

10.4
19.1
8.5

11.4
10.7

7.9
5.2
11.9
6.5
15.2

3.9
5.0
7.7
10.4
8.4

10.6

8.1

12.5
7.2

11.5
5.3

R

R

1.8

7.8

R
8.4
5.0

3.4

3.7

9.0

3.8

9.9

10.3

8.8

6.8

8.7
8.0

6.6

10.6

2.8

2.4
5.4

13.7
22.4
7.8

R

9.8

R

6.2

6.5
10.7

16.0
11.9
17.2
11.7
14.0
10.2

R
9.1
21.3

5.6
3.4

R

6.2

7.3

10.6

5.2

4.2
9.3
8.9
7.8
8.9
6.4
10.5

8.0

R
R
R
R

5.1
9.6
5.3
9.3

3.8

6.6

8.3
8.3

8.7
9.3
14.5
15.3
13.1

2.8

R

7.5

R
R

11.2
8.6

3.9

2.8

13.6
6.4
6.1

3.9

R
R
10.2

6.4
7.0
5.5

R

2.2

14.5
10.3
9.2

9.6
7.5
6.5
8.7

11.8

6.9
7.1

R
6.5

Table 14. States: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and State

Total

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
Profession­
administra­
cians and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Transpor­
tation and
material
moving

Handlers,
Farming,
equipment forestry,
cleaners, and fishing
helpers,
and labor­
ers

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE—Continued

South Dakota......................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas ....................................................
Utah......................................................
Vermont...............................................
Virginia .................................................
Washington .........................................
West Virginia.......................................
Wisconsin ............................................
Wyoming..............................................

3.8
5.6
7.5
5.8
3.4
3.7
6.8

9.6
5.4
7.8

1.3

1.9

2.1

2.6

4.1
3.1

2.0

1.0

1.3
4.5
4.0
3.4
4.2

2.3
.7

1.9
1.3
4.5
<2>
.6

1.6

1.2

3.0

<2>
(2>
4.6
<2>

1.6
2.8
2.0

Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.

6.0

3.9
5.0
9.5

4.0

8.7

6.2

10.6

4.8
3.6

6.8

8.6

4.2
5.1

3.5
3.5
7.0
13.7
5.1
9.6

2.8
6.2

8.8

4.8
3.8
4.5

10.4
6.7
10.8

6.1

8.4
11.4
9.6
6.5
4.8

6.2

10.2

3.9

13.9
15.6

11.1

6.9
4.1
4.4

11.6

10.6

8.0

13.3

10.7

19.9
20.9
13.9
17.7

8.0

8.6

15.3

10.4

13.2
8.6

2.4
4.2
8.8

10.4
4.1
5.7
11.4
14.7
4.8
8.2

Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

1

3

2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2.8

2.9
4.0
6.5
5.2
3.2
5.3
5.0
7.7
4.0
5.0

63

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1987 annual
averages
Total employed

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Manag erial and
ssional
specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive
Techni­
adminis­
Profes­
cians and
trative,
sional
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Sales

11.2

2.7
3.4
3.1

12.2

2.6

13.0
12.4
14.3
12.4
12.3
6.3
14.0

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers
Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
produc­
Handlers, Farming,
forestry,
tion,
Machine
equip­
Transpor­
and fish­
craft, and operators,
ment
tation
and
ing
repair
cleaners,
assem­
blers, and material
helpers,
moving
inspectors
and labor­
ers

TOTAL

Alabama................................................
Alaska ....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas...............................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
Distnct of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

1,745

100.0

8.9
14.6
13.6

222

100.0

1,513

100.0

1,002

100.0

8.0

100.0

13.9
15.4
14.0

9.4
13.8
14.4
14.5

100.0

12.2

12.1

100.0

15.8

20.1

100.0

12.6

11.7

100.0

11.0

11.0

100.0

11.6

13.5

100.0

8.3
12.4
7.6
9.7

10.6

12,955
1,567
1,695
321
312
5,558

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois .....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa ........................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana...............................................
Maine.....................................................

2,885
495
433
5,330
2,575
1,368
1,205
1,538
1,720
561

Maryland ................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
Michigan ................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ...............................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire...................................

2,300
2,987
4,154
2,137
1,034
2,426
373
771
522
573

New Jersey...........................................
New Mexico..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina .....................................
North Dakota .......................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode island ........................................

3,806
624
8,071
3,130
314
4,881
1,449
1,302
5,328
500

South Carolina.....................................
South Dakota.......................................
Tennessee ..... ......................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah.......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ..........................................
West Virginia........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

1,541
340
2,181
7,567
708
285
2,862
2,083

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

15.2
12.6

12.8

100.0

8.5

100.0

11.1

100.0

10.3

10.9
11.5
12.5
11.4
13.2
12.4

100.0

100.0
100.0

11.8

2.6

10.8

2.7

10.8

2.2

11.4
13.5

3.4
2.4

100.0

10.9
9.2

12.5

3.3
3.8
3.3
3.2

10.8

2.8

100.0

11.2

12.0

2.8

100.0

11.7
10.1

100.0

12.3

100.0

12.6

13.5
10.4
9.6
13.0

2.4

100.C

100.0

14.6
12.4
12.7
9.6
9.9

13.4
13.7
15.4
10.4
12.3

100.0

10.6

12.8

100.0

12.0

100.0

12.3
10.3

12.5
12.3
12.4
14.5

100.0

100.0
100.0

10.0

100.0

9.8
8.4
9.4
12.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.6

100.0

12.4
13.8
12.7
8.3
9.5
9.8

100.0
100.0

668

100.0

2,339
219

100.0
100.0

12.2

11.7

12.2

100.0

12.2

2.6

15.1
16.6

100.0

11.8

2.6

10.1

100.0

11.6

3.1
3.2
2.5
2.9

14.0
13.4

100.0

12.6

3.0
3.9
3.2
4.0
4.4

100.0

100.0

12.2

11.6

11.2
11.0

11.4
10.1

10.7
11.3
12.5
11.7
13.0
11.9

2.8

3.1
3.8

12.2

3.0
3.0

14.1
16.0
15.9
14.2
16.6
15.8
18.4
18.2

13.3
14.5
14.2
12.8

16.5

12.4
13.1
9.5
13.6
18.2
14.3

16.6
17.4
14.4
17.5
15.2
13.9
16.5
12.7
15.8
13.2

12.4
19.9
13.8
13.5
13.7
15.0
13.7
14.1
13.4
13.3

21.6

18.7
16.8
15.4
16.2
14.2
15.6
13.5
15.3
15.7
14.6

12.8

2.2

12.2

3.3
3.2

11.8

15.0
15.4
15.5
16.7
15.1

10.5

2.5

11.6

11.2

2.2

11.4

3.2
3.0
2.9
3.4
3.9
2.9
2.3
2.3
2.4

10.1

14.5
13.9
14.9
16.8
15.6
13.2
15.7
16.1
13.0
14.6
14.7

12.3
16.0
12.7
12.4
14.6
13.9
12.5
14.6
15.3
14.6
16.7

12.5
14.3
14.2
13.1
13.7
12.0
12.2

11.5

13.7
12.5
11.3
10.6
12.1
11.6

10.9
10.8

12.4

8.0

12.1

5.3
1.5
4.4

4.7
12.9
13.8
9.6
12.6

8.7
2.5
6.9

11.0

6.8

13.6

11.4

11.2

6.1

11.1

5.9

13.9
13.1
14.7

8.6

3.6
7.0
10.3
6.5

14.5
14.8
11.9
14.2
15.0
14.7
23.9
10.5

12.1

6.1

3.5

11.6

11.8

2.2

10.1

11 7

2.5
2.7
2.9

10.2

13.8
11.7

11.8

11.1

10.8

4.3
9.5

12.7

2.8

12.4

18.4
14.0
18.9
14.3

10.7

12.8

12.2

11.9
14.6
14.5
11.4
16.0
13.6
13.7
14.2
13.6
13.0

13.2
11.3

2.8

13.2
11.7

10.3
13.9
12.6

3.9
9.2

10.0

9.7
11.4
10.7
16.2

7.7
2.7
5.6
3.5
9.1

11.5
12.3
10.5
14.0
8.9
12.3
10.5

6.4
3.3
5.5
13.7
2.4
9.7
6.3

10.6

6.6

12.2

7.8

13.5

11.6

14.2
10.1

13.0
4.1

14.5

12.1

12.2

5.6
5.6
6.9

11.4
13.6
12.3
11.5
14.3
11.8

13.5

6.2

4.5
6.7
9.7
2.9

5.5
3.9
3.4
3.3
3.4
3.2
4.2
4.0
3.9

5.3
4.1
4.0
4.9
3.6
3.5
3.0
4.7
3.0
4.1

5.0
3.7
5.4
4.1
5.4
4.8
4.7
6.7
5.1
4.8

4.8
3.8
4.6
4.6
4.9
4.4
3.8
5.4
4.0
4.7

3.9
3.0
4.3
3.5
7.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
3.7
3.2

4.2
3.3
4.3
4.3
5.6
4.7
4.3
4.3
3.3
3.5

6.1

2.9
2.1

3.4
5.5
3.3
2.6

1.3
1.3
.5
3.1
2.1

3.1
8.6
2.2

3.1
10.1
6.6

5.1
3.3
3.5
1.6
1.2

2.5
7.6
3.5
3.5
10.4
9.3
1.1

1.7

3.8
3.8
3.6
4.2
4.1
4.5
5.0
4.0
4.7
3.7

3.8
3.9
3.4
5.5
3.7
4.7
4.6
5.7
5.1
3.6

4.0
4.5
4.3
4.4
3.3
4.5
4.5
4.1
7.2
4.0
8.4

5.1
4.1
5.1
4.2
4.0
3.0
44
3.2
6.7
4.7
3.7

2.5
14.1
3.4
2.7
3.2
3.8
2.9
4.6
2.4
5.6
5.6

8.2

4.3
3.5
5.4

1.1

5.8
1.4
2.9
15.3
2.2

4.7
4.4
2.1
1.0

Men

Alabama ................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas................................................
California...............................................
Colorado .................................................
Connecticut..........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

972
119
845
564
7,308
850
906
172
153
3,020

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii ....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................

1,570
259
249
2,946

100.0

11.0

100.0

15.3
15.1
9.1
14.6
17.5
16.6
13.9
16.2
13.8

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.5
13.9
11.1

12.2

7.8

21.3
20.7

11.3

10.6

21.1

7.2
9.6
9.3
6.9

21.8

18.6
16.6

4.8
9.1
6.7
3.6

21.2

8.6
6.6

11.2

11.8
12.2

6.1

13.7
11.5
9.6

5.7
6.9
7.4

6.1

11.1

18.0

20.7
8.4

10.2

2.1

13.1

6.1

10.6

22.0

2.5
2.9
2.7

11.6

6.3
6.9
4.2
6.7

8.4
17.1
8.3

23.4
17.2

10.8

18.2

20.0

12.6

8.9

13.4
9.8
14.6

12.1

8.9
10.7

10.5
11.3
11.3

2.8

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4.6
5.6
5.6
4.9

3.1
4.7
3.0
5.3
3.6

100.0

100.0

9.8
10.3

3.9
3.0
2.1

8.4
13.5
14.0
12.9
10.3

100.0

100.0

2.0

64

10.2

20.2

2.6

1.9
4.5
7.3
2.8

7.2
7.8

9.2
6.7
5.4
10.4
5.2
5.4
5.5
6.9
7.9
6.6

8.3
6.5
8.4
6.8

6.5
5.7
7.1
5.3
5.3
4.6
7.0
5.7
6.3
7.4
6.2

6.3

69

8.1

5.2
4.1
2.2
2.1
1.0

4.7
3.3
4.4
12.7
3.3

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional
specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
adminis­
Profes­
cians and
trative,
sional
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Sales

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers
Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
produc­
Handlers, Farming,
forestry,
tion,
Machine
equip­
Transpor­
and fish­
craft, and operators,
ment
tation and
ing
repair
cleaners,
assem­
material
blers, and
helpers,
moving
inspectors
and labor­
ers

Men—Continued

Indiana..........................................
Iowa ..............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky.......................................
Louisiana ......................................
Maine ............................................
Maryland.......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan .......................................
Minnesota.....................................
Mississippi.... ...............................
Missouri ........................................
Montana .......................................
Nebraska......................................
Nevada ........................................
New Hampshire..........................
New Jersey.................................
New Mexico ................................
New York .....................................
North Carolina ............................
North Dakota ...............................
Ohio ..............................................
Oklahoma.....................................
Oregon..........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island ..............................
South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee ...................................
Texas ............................................
Utah ..............................................
Vermont........................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington .................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin.....................................
Wyoming.......................................

........
........
........
........
........
........
........

........
........
........
........
.......

........
........
........
........
........

1,365
759
665
872
983
312

100.0

100.0

11.0

10.2

2.0

10.6

1,242
1,587
2,296
1,158
582
1,332
207
414
283
315

100.0

15.7
15.4

15.7
15.3

100.0

11.2

11.8

100.0

12.6

100.0

11.7
12.5
12.9
11.7

11.5
7.9
10.9

3.4
3.7
3.0
3.2

100.0

2,122

355
4,454
1,683
175
2,712
796
711
2,969
264

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

8.4
10.9
14.2
9.1
13.0

9.5
9.3
10.7
9.2
10.6

2.5
2.3

10.7
10.3

2.6

10.2

1.9
3.1

5.0
4.2
5.9
5.1
5.8
5.5

7.2

22.8

12.8

8.1

18.2
18.4

7.2
6.9

9.1
7.9
7.8

7.3
6.4
5.4

4.6
15.1

7.8
9.2

22.2

8.6

11.0

8.0

21.6

5.0

8.2

6.3

8.0

24.4

8.6

8.2

6.6

7.8
5.3
5.0

10.6

6.5

4.1
7.4

6.2

6.2

6.2

9.1
9.8
9.9
9.1
7.1

20.1

10.3
9.9

5.1
6.9

5.0
6.4

10.2

20.6

8.9
7.7
22.5

16.3
19.3
18.2
26.2

7.5
8.4
7.6
3.5
5.9
3.9
7.9

18.9
20.3
17.5
23.2
14.9

6.3
3.5
5.7
11.4
2.9

20.1

12.0

9.2
11.8

10.0

5.1
4.9
4.5
5.5
3.9
5.8
5.2
5.2

8.0

19.9
19.5
17.5

2.2

9.3

2.4
1.5

10.8

7.8

2.2

10.8

12.8

10.6

14.4

3.5
3.9

10.6

11.8

100.0

17.3

12.1

6.8

9.8

12.8

3.4

12.1

14.3
11.4
11.7
11.9
13.5
13.5

2.6

11.2

2.6

10.8

1.7
2.3
3.1

12.4
10.2

11.0

1.8

11.8

4.6
8.4
4.7
4.1
5.3
5.0
4.8
6.3
5.7

10.2

100.0

12.4
12.7
13.8
8.9
8.7
11.4

2.8

100.0

4.8
3.4
5.3
5.4

7.1
8.5
8.7

23.8
16.6
23.9

8.6

20.1

6.0

9.7

4.1

8.0

18.5
22.9

6.1

7.9
10.9
9.2
8.4
9.7

20.6

22.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.2

12.1

12.6

11.0

10.8

100.0

11.8

10.8

2.7

10.7

100.0

12.0

12.3

2.6

10.1

851
186
1,196
4,272
397
154
1,580
1,144
384
1,294

100.0

11.9
9.7

8.6

2.4
1.4

12.0

2.8

2.7
3.2
3.6
3.7
3.0
1.9

9.4
13.6
12.3
10.7
9.7
11.9
9.1

1.8

10.2

122

100.0

774
103
669
438
5,647
717
789
149
159
2,538
1,315
236
184
2,384

100.0

1,210

100.0

609
540

100.0

8.1

100.0

8.8

666

100.0

7.6

737
249

100.0

8.6

100.0

9.3

1,058
1,399
1,858
979
452
1,093
166

100.0

11.9

100.0

11.2

100.0

8.8

100.0

8.9

100.0

6.0

100.0

9.7

100.0

10.2

100.0

9.1
8.5

100.0

11.0

100.0

13.9
14.8
13.8
15.2
13.2
9.1
10.9
10.5

11.0

100.0

6.2

12.2

100.0

13.7

100.0

11.6

100.0

6.6

100.0

13.0
12.9

16.8
14.6
10.7
14.1
14.9
16.3
14.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.0
13.0
12.4
13.8
8.9
11.5
10.9

11.6

6.8

13.0
7.1
8.3
9.1
8.3
9.6
10.2
10.6

22.0

17.7
17.9
20.5
22.4

12.6

6.2

8.4
6.7

6.2

4.8
5.1

5.4
6.3
5.9

6.6
6.6

2.3
1.8

3.7
11.5
5.8
5.4
15.2
14.4
1.7
2.3

5.6

1.6

6.0

8.4

6.1

5.2
8.1

4.6

5.7
6.9

22.6

7.4

7.2
6.9
7.4
8.4

8.1

6.6

8.8

6.2

8.6

7.8
6.5

7.5
4.9

3.0

6.7
7.6
7.7
7.3
5.5
7.7
7.2

7.4

4.1
21.3
5.3
4.3
5.1
5.6
4.4
6.5
3.6

11.0

11.4
4.7
9.9
6.5
6.0

6.6

6.1

7.3
6.6

5.8
4.4
6.9
4.9

2.1

3.4
7.1

1.8

6.3
5.9
5.4
7.8

11.9

11.2

6.6

6.8

8.2

3.8

13.5

5.4

8.1

.9
.7

2.6

9.6

4.2
4.5
4.9
3.3

3.5
2.9
3.3
3.3
3.0
3.0
3.4
2.5
5.1
3.1

15.2
14.4
13.1
44.5
12.7
15.0
13.5
15.3
6.5
15.2

26.0
28.2
28.9
26.1
30.2
27.8
31.5
30.7
31.7
28.8

20.2

3.0

10.0

18.3
18.7
19.9
16.1
17.6
12.4
17.4
18.3
18.7

1.2

1.8

2.4
3.6
2.7

10.2

11.7
13.3
13.3
13.4

28.8
29.0
28.1
30.8
26.6
26.0
29.6
22.7
29.2
23.0

19.5
23.4
19.5

6.0

12.7
7.5
7.3
7.6

10.0

6.8

10.6

Women

Alabama .......................................
Alaska...........................................
Arizona..........................................
Arkansas.......................................
California ......................................
Colorado.......................................
Connecticut.................................
Delaware .....................................
District of Columbia....................
Florida...........................................

.......
.......
.......
.......
........
........
........
........

....
Georgia.............................. ..........
Hawaii........................................... ....
........
Idaho .............................................
Illinois .............................................
Indiana..........................................
Iowa ..............................................
Kansas ..........................................
Kentucky.......................................
Louisiana ......................................
Maine ............................................

Maryland.......................................
Massachusetts............................
Michigan .......................................
Minnesota... .................................
Mississippi ....................................
Missouri ........................................
Montana .......................................

........
........
........
........
.......
........
.......

....
.......
........
........
........
........

....

100.0
100.0

11.0

100.0

10.2

100.0

15.3
11.3

20.2

9.1
9.6
6.3
9.8
6.7

13.4
15.0
13.0
15.4
12.5
14.2
14.8
14.3
16.6
15.1

3.8
3.4
2.3
2.9
2.7
2.9
2.7

14.3
18.1
12.7
13.8
14.6
13.4
16.3

3.1
3.9
3.7
3.3
3.6
3.4
3.5

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

13.4

12.8

11.5
11.6

2.6

14.2
15.9
12.9

3.8
2.9

11.9
11.8

13.3
10.1

12.4
11.9
12.3

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

65

33.0
28.8
28.2
29.7
26.8
27.8
25.4

2.2

2.4
2.2

3.7
5.3
3.4
7.3
3.9

.8

1.6

1.2

1.3
1.9

.9

2.2

2.2

1.3
1.3

.8

1.0

.7

1.2

.3
.4
o

.7
.7

1.1

2.1

1.2

1.1

.2

2.1

4.2

.6

.4
1.4

17.1
23.0
21.3
16.8

2.3

21.0

3.1
2.4

23.5
20.7
22.4
18.9
19.8
17.0
14.9
20.2
21.6

18.0
19.1
22.6

10.4

1.1

1.7

1.2

2.1

.6

1.1

2.2

6.6

1.3

2.1

5.6
9.9
4.7
4.6

2.4
1.7

2.2

2.9
1.9
2.5
2.0

2.4
1.9
1.7
3.5

.6

.8
1.2

.9

2.2

1.9

.8

1.1

.5
1.7
3.1
.8

1.3
3.9
2.4
1.5
.7

.8

1.8

8.6

1.2

2.0

2.5
9.9

.9
.5

2.4

1.6

3.1
6.5
7.4
5.4

1.2

1.8

.8

.6

1.3

.5

1.2

1.6

1.0

2.0

12.1

.6

2.1

3.0
.5

.7
.9

2.2

1.2

1.5

4.3

2.8

7.8

1.4

1.6

.5

1.0

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed

Managerial and
specialty

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
adminis­
Profes­
cians and
trative,
sional
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Sales

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers
Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
Farming,
produc­
Handlers,
forestry,
tion,
Machine
equip­
Transpor­
and
fish­
craft, and operators,
ment
tation
and
ing
repair
cleaners,
assem­
material
blers, and
helpers,
inspectors moving and labor­
ers

Women—Continued

357
239
258

100.0

New Jersey.....................................
New Mexico....................................
New York ........................................
North Carolina ...............................
North Dakota .................................
Ohio .................................................
Oklahoma........................................
Oregon.............................................
Pennsylvania..................................
Rhode Island .................................

1,684
269
3,617
1,448
139
2,169
653
591
2,359
236

South Carolina...............................
South Dakota.................................
Tennessee .....................................
Texas ...............................................
Utah .................................................
Vermont...........................................
Virginia.............................................
Washington ....................................
West Virginia..................................
Wisconsin........................................
Wyoming..........................................

690
154
985
3,296
311
131
1,283
940
284
1,045
97

Nebraska.........................................
Nevada ............................................
New Hampshire.............................

8.3
11.7
10.5

13.4
8.5
14.4

3.5
2.7
3.6

12.6

100.0

11.1

100.0

11.9

100.0

10.8

100.0

7.6
7.5
9.1

14.6
14.9
17.3
12.3
16.9
14.7
13.0
13.8
14.4
17.0

3.3
2.5
2.9
2.9
3.5
3.2
2.7

12.4
14.7
11.5
11.5
11.7
13.7
14.4

2.8

12.6

4.0
4.0

13.2
11.5

2.6

11.1

3.2
3.7
3.4
2.4
3.2
4.1
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.3

11.2

13.2
12.7
12.9
14.0

36.0

2.9
3.5
3.2
2.9
2.9
4.0
3.2
4.0
6.5

12.2

2.6

12.3
19.0

13.7
12.5

12.9

3.2
3.4
2.5
2.9

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

10.2

100.0

10.9
8.4
7.8

100.0
100.0

100.0

7.1

100.0

6.8

100.0

7.4
10.5
9.8
10.7

100.0

12.2

100.0

12.0

100.0

7.3
7.7

12.9
13.8
12.3
14.3
16.0
15.7
14.1
13.6
16.2
13.1

100.0

8.8

12.2

100.0

10.2

12.2

100.0

15.3
13.9
8.7
14.2
15.8
14.7
13.1
25.4
13.9

16.4
12.5
9.6
14.0
14.7
14.7

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

15.8
12.9

10.9
13.9
12.6
12.0
11.8

12.3
15.1
11.8

12.3

26.3
28.1
26.0

22.8

2.1

25.7
15.0

1.9
3.9

32.9
26.3
31.7
25.4
23.8
27.2
28.1
28.3
29.8
25.7

14.6
20.4
16.5
16.3
25.8
19.2
20.3
19.8
17.8
15.7

2.1

26.6
26.5
26.6
31.6
28.0
23.9
27.7
30.6
24.6
26.5
29.2

18.7
25.0
17.6
17.4

2.4
2.4
3.1
1.9
2.4

20.8

20.9
18.1
19.2
23.7
22.4
25.7

5.3
3.0
10.6

0.6

1.6

.7
.5

1.5
1.7

.6

1.5

1.0

1.2

.6

1.0

3.4
.4
1.0

3.4

6.4
3.0
5.3
16.4

.8

2.5

1.0

1.2

1.8

.6

1.1

6.2

6.9
5.0
4.8
6.7
12.3

1.0

1.9

.8

.7

2.1

1.8

1.0

2.0

2.2

.7
.5

2.1

1.1

2.0

.1

.7
.9

2.3
1.7
2.4

5.3

1.8
1.8

2.5
1.7
1.8
1.8

3.4

1.9

15.0
3.3
14.7
4.3
5.1
7.5
6.4
3.4
5.1

2.1

8.0

2.0

1.7

2.1

1.4

9.9

5.1
4.0
3.4

2.6
2.1
1.8

.1

.4
2.3
.5

.6

1.1

1.2

.6

1.7
1.3
1.4

.7
1.7

.8

1.2

2.3

.9
.9

1.5

.8

2.1

2.5
2.4

.7
.5
.7
1.1

1.1

White

Alabama ..........................................
Alaska ..............................................
Anzona .............................................
Arkansas ..........................................
California .........................................
Colorado .......................................
Connecticut....................................
....
Delaware ........................................
District of Columbia.......................
Florida...............................................

..
..
..
..
..
..

Georgia.............................................
Hawaii...............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Indiana..............................................
Iowa ..................................................
Kansas ............................................
Kentucky...........................................
Louisiana.........................................
Maine................................................
Maryland...........................................
Massachusetts................................
Michigan...........................................
Minnesota.........................................
Mississippi........................................
Missouri ............................................
Montana ...........................................
Nebraska .........................................
Nevada .............................................
New Hampshire..............................
New Jersey.....................................
New Mexico....................................
New York .........................................
North Carolina ................................
North Dakota..................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma ........................................
Oregon..............................................
Pennsylvania...................................
Rhode Island ..................................

..
..

....

....
....
....

....
....

....
....

....
....
....
....

1,374
184
1,442
865
11,027
1,471
1,580
273
107
4,754
2,065
142
425
4,605
2,392
1,342
1,127
1,445
1,319
555

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.3
15.5
8.4
12.9
7.7
9.8
12.2

12.6

10.6

11.8

2.5
2.7
2.3
3.5
2.5

10.8

16.1
16.6
12.4
12.5
12.5

3.4
3.7
3.3
3.2
3.1

13.7

12.2

2.8

11.8

13.6
10.4
9.9
13.0

2.4
2.9
3.2
3.8

12.6

13.8
13.7
15.8

3.0
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.5

12.7
14.0

8.8

100.0

10.2

1,707
2,832
3,680
2,068
699
2,214
360
750
469
570

100.0

15.4
13.7

100.0

12.6

3,277
573
6,844
2,498
305
4,444
1,268
1,236
4,921
476

100.0

15.4
12.7
13.5
11.4

11.6

10.0

12.2

100.0

11.0

13.0

2.6

100.0

12.6

12.8

2.9

100.0

12.3
10.5

12.2

2.1

12.5
14.2

3.3
3.2

100.0

11.2

100.0

11.5
11.7

100.0
100.0

11.8

100.0

10.3
12.9

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

10.2

12.9

2.6

12.8

10.6

12.1

11.2

100.0

100.0

14.7
12.5
13.3
7.3
15.0

11.4
12.7
11.7
14.0
12.4

100.0

100.0

12.6

11.1

11.7
15.1
11.7
12.7
11.3
11.8
10.2

11.8

13.5
11.9


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

16.8
17.5
14.3
14.4
17.0
15.0
14.0
16.5
12.6

17.0
13.3
18.4
16.8
15.2
16.1
16.5
15.1
13.6
15.0
15.9
14.6

12.3
12.2

12.8

12.4
13.2
12.5

14.8
15.6
15.4
16.4
15.3

12.1
11.0

66

12.1

18.2
13.9
18.1
15.2

12.0

See footnotes at end of table.

15.3
15.9
15.7
14.8
15.9
15.6
18.1
18.3

9.6
12.3
13.9

12.1

2.1

12.8

14.2

11.2

14.5

4.2
8.3
5.9
3.6
7.9
4.4

3.4
3.3
3.1
3.7

.6

.6

4.0

3.5

4.4
3.7
4.1
4.6
3.6
3.3
2.9
4.1
1.3
3.4

6.5

3.4
9.1

4.2
2.5
5.4
3.8
5.4
4.8
4.8
7.0
4.3
4.7

3.3
2.3
4.6
4.4
4.8
4.4
3.6
5.4
3.2
4.7

3.2
6.7
9.5
6.3
6.5
7.5
2.5
5.7
3.5
9.0

3.5
3.0
4.3
3.6
6.4
4.5
4.4
4.4
3.7
3.2

3.2
3.3
4.2
4.1
3.8
4.6
4.2
4.2
3.3
3.5

5.8
3.3
5.2
11.7
2.3
9.4

3.5
3.7
3.4
3.6
4.1
4.6
4.9
3.9
4.5
3.8

3.5
3.8
3.3
4.4
3.7
4.5
4.4
5.6
5.1
3.6

12.0

12.0

12.1

10.2

9.0

12.5
12.9
2.4
13.5

12.1

7.6
12.3
8.6

17.1
13.6
12.5
12.6

14.8
13.0
13.3
9.2
13.3
9.5
11.9
13.6
14.6
8.0
12.8

14.8
14.5
21.5
10.4
10.7
13.8
13.2
9.2
15.8
12.7

15.6
7.6
12.7
11.7
14.0
11.3
10.9
13.9
14.4
14.7
12.8
11.8

12.4
10.3
15.4
13.2
9.5
11.3
11.3
16.2
12.1
12.1
11.0

14.9
8.8

14.0

12.7
10.5
10.9

12.8

12.6

12.7

13.9

12.1

1.6

6.9
6.5
11.8
6.0

5.4
8.2

6.0

6.5
7.8

11.2

6.0

3.0
1.9
3.5
5.4
3.6
2.6

1.4
1.4
.1

2.7
1.9
4.2
8.8

2.5
3.2
10.3
7.0
5.1
3.2
3.5
1.8

1.3
2.7
7.8
2.7
3.8
10.6

9.6
1.3
1.7
1.2

5.9
1.6
2.8

15.7
2.4
4.9
4.5
2.3

1.0

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional
specialty

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
Profes­
adminis­
cians and
sional
trative,
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Sales

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Farming,
Handlers,
produc­
forestry,
Machine
equip­
tion,
and fish­
Transpor­
craft, and operators,
ment
ing
tation and
cleaners,
repair
assem­
blers, and material
helpers,
moving and labor­
nspectors
ers

White—Continued

8.9
15.5
11.2

12.6

14.3
13.8
9.9
14.5
15.1
14.3
16.4

11.4
13.6
13.0
11.7
14.5

8.5
9.1
5.6
9.3
9.2
10.5
6.7
5.7
7.5

9.3
24.6

27.4
24.1
24.3
17.4
30.0
16.2
23.0
23.1
27.0

9.7

5.8
7.1

12.4

2.9

14.1

8.2

11.0

2.2

11.8

100.0

10.0

100.0

100.0

13.1
12.9
12.4
15.6

100.0

12.6

3.1
3.0
2.9
3.3
4.3
2.9
2.4
2.3
2.5

10.6

1.9
4.6

100.0

686

100.0

283
2,248
1,903
646
2,250
215

100.0

Alabama ................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arkansas................................................
California...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

364

100.0

8

100.0

126
796
56
107
42
196
735

100.0

Georgia..................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana...............................................

794
600
167
61
87
385

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts......................................
Michigan................................................
Mississippi .............................................
Missouri .................................................
Nevada ..................................................

531

100.0

10.0

102

100.0

7.6

400
329
188
31

100.0

6.1

100.0

4.5

New Jersey...........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina ......................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................
South Carolina......................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Virginia...................................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.3
9.5
9.8

10.3
12.9
14.2
14.2
14.6
13.7
11.9
12.4
11.6

16.0
10.3
15.3

16.1
13.7
15.5
16.9
15.7
13.2
15.7
15.9
13.1
14.3
14.9

12.3

100.0

1,144
325
1,861
6,600

South Carolina......................................
South Dakota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

14.2
12.6

11.3
11.5
12.4
11.8
11.1

10.7

10.8

12.0

13.6

8.8

4.1
11.8

5.1
5.2
6.8

5.0
4.1
6.6

9.5
2.9

3.1
4.6
4.1
4.1
3.4
4.5
3.9
4.3
7.3
4.0
8.5

3.7
4.1
4.8
4.0
4.1
2.9
3.6
3.3
6.7
4.6
3.7

7.1
2.3
7.0
5.0
5.7

8.7
4.7
7.7
4.5
3.7
4.6
9.2
4.1
8.3

1.8

14.5
3.6
2.9
3.2
3.8
3.0
4.6
2.4
5.8
5.6

Black

4.0
11.5
3.7

6.9
9.5
8.2

.8

100.0

10.6

10.2

100.0

8.6

9.3
9.2

2.9
1.3
3.0
3.2
3.2

100.0
100.0

5.0
5.8

6.6

10.2

24.8
22.7
23.5
17.4
27.0
14.3

8.1

9.0
9.7
7.9

13.7
.9
17.0
4.8
1.6

12.0

10.0

7.8

11.6

7.5

6.0

2.0

6.0

9.8

6.3

6.4

22.6

9.3

14.3

7.1

20.1

6.8

8.1

6.8

28.4

7.1
13.9
14.1
8.3

7.5

6.2

100.0

10.6

11.6

100.0

4.4

8.4

2.1

100.0

5.1
8.9
5.4

7.1
10.9

2.9

6.2

3.9

11.6

9.6
7.0

1.2

8.2

.8

5.9

10.6

3.2

8.8

14.5
23.1
17.2
17.6
14.6
12.4

10.7
14.7
8.4
7.1
8.3
4.7

2.5
3.3
1.9

6.1

20.0

23.2

8.8

5.0

5.2
8.4
3.9
43
6.4

21.3
18.9
9.7

21.0

8.6

21.7

9.7
5.8

20.1

10.6

8.1

2.3
1.9
2.3
3.8

8.1

19.7
25.9
10.9
18.4
14.3
22.4
13.1

100.0
100.0
100.0

6.8

100.0

2.4
5.7

100.0

100.0

6.1

100.0

4.4

419
951
589
399

100.0
100.0

7.7
7.3

100.0

2.6

100.0

86

100.0

355
16

100.0

7.3
5.0
7.2
9.4

385
309
806
556
19
70

100.0

100.0

6.6

248
2,631
155
65
14
694

100.0

6.1

100.0

6.0

100.0

6.6

100.0

3.9
13.1

100.0

11.6

8.2

63
23
285
29
72
63
39

100.0

7.5

9.1
2.9
5.7

100.0

100.0

2.5
4.9

100.0

6.6

100.0

7.0
9.7

100.0

10.4
5.8
8.6

2.0

2.2

3.3
2.7

6.2

6.4
5.4
7.0
7.2
5.7

21.8

14.0

21.8

26.1
27.1

29.6
51.8

5.9
6.9

21.9
24.2

8.1

11.0

14.9
5.6

17.3
17.4
9.9
1.5

22.6

10.0

11.0

22.1

8.0

5.0
17.6

6.0

5.5
4.7

1.4

8.0

2.6

9.3
16.0

.9
2.9
1.7

7.8
7.5
11.4
6.5
3.0
13.3

13.6
17.6

3.4
(')

11.4

15.0

6.2

10.2

2.0

6.3
3.5
3.8
9.0
10.3

15.8
30.2
12.9

20.2

12.0

21.0

8.6

21.0

12.7

36.1

8.1

9.6

8.8

.4
.7
3.5
.4
3.8
.3

6.9
5.3
7.4
7.1
6.9
4.1

24.7

17.1
15.9
13.7
19.9

22.6

23.1

7.2

13.9
12.7
14.7

20.9
17.3

10.2

11.7
35.9
13.4

12.9
14.7
9.3
16.0
5.6
13.5

8.5
15.9
7.4
30.0
o

1.6

.8

5.1
.9
.2

25.2
14.5
8.4

22.2

6.6

1.2
0

4.5

9.0
9.7
9.2

1.6

6.8

6.0

4.1
5.1

12.0

.3
.9

7.2
4.1
5.1
9.6

13.6
5.7
7.8
23.3

10.0

2.6

5.3
4.3
5.5
9.6
3.9
3.0

6.6

4.1
6.7
9.6
7.3

.7
5.5

.2

4.0
9.9

1.3
3.8
3.6
1.9
1.9

1.0

4.8
3.8

6.8

4.8
8.9
7.3

0

5.8
6.7

5.2

22.1

.8
0

3.0
3.7
7.8

6.1

23.4
34.3
23.8

.4
6.5

6.8

10.9
6.4

7.8
10.3
8.5
8.9
7.2
5.0

2.1

13.1
7.3

8.7
5.9
5.5

20.8

20.6

7.3
9.1
13.6

2.5
3.4

6.1

2.8

6.8

6.3
5.8
2.7
9.4
6.9
6.9
7.8
10.0

.2

4.7
2.6

1.3
2.5
.8

6.8

o

4.7
4.4
7.6
3.9

6.8

11.4

6.7
7.9

8.8

1.8

8.2

6.8

4.2

3.8

5.9

18.4

14.0

1.7

6.2

10.2

21.0

6.1

12.8

17.2

10.9
16.4

4.3
1.4
4.5

9.0
10.3

11.2

o
23.9
1.4
o

Hispanic origin

Arizona...................................................
California..............................................
Colorado...............................................

Nevada .................................................

100.0

100.0

1.8

100.0

4.0
15.0
3.3
4.9
8.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.2

1.2

(1)

8.8

.8

7.3

3.3

2.1

2.6

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

67

20.6

13.2
8.7
14.6
22.1

21.6

6.6

1.0

4.0
.8
0

5.1

.6

2.1

6.8

3.9

4.3

3.2

2.8

Table 15. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and occupation, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional
specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Techni­
adminis­
Profes­
cians and
trative,
sional
related
and man­ specialty
support
agerial

Sales

Adminis­
trative
support,
including
clerical

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers
Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
produc­
Handlers, Farming,
forestry,
tion,
Machine
equip­
T
ransporand fish­
craft, and operators,
ment
tation
and
ing
repair
cleaners,
assem­
blers, and material
helpers,
inspectors moving and labor­
ers

Hispanic origin—Continued

New Jersey .
New Mexico
New York ....
Ohio............
Oklahoma ....
Pennsylvania
Texas.......... .
Utah.............
Virginia.........
Wyoming......

100.0

275
205
741
43
48
59
1,569
36
60

100.0

10

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.5
6.5
7.3
.7
3.0

100.0

6.0

100.0

5.7
5.7
4.4
9.2

100.0

6.2

7.1
6.5
19.7
4.4
12.7
7.2
5.7
17.3
3.2

1.7
1.9
1.9
1.4
1.9
4.3

10.2
11.6

13.8
15.6
18.1
15.4
11.2

8.9

6.0

1.8

10.1

14.8

3.7
3.7
(’)

5.3

12.0

6.1

15.6
13.3

Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
1


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

10.9
11.7
9.6

5.9

12.3
19.3
22.1

13.7
19.8
20.5
16.2
16.4
27.6
20.7

14.2
14.5
10.3
13.0
10.6

21.2

5.0
13.8
15.4
5.2

5.4
4.4
5.0
2.3
11.3

8.6

22.2

2.6

16.2
8.7

9.3
15.3
6.3

5.3
4.5
2.5
8.5

8.6

13.9

6.1

7.7
5.4
4.6

0.3

6.6

1.6

7.0
4.5

14.0
3.7
4.7
13.8
4.5
4.5

8.8

9.0
3.5
14.9

6.6

.9

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the "other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

68

Table 16. States: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by Industry, 1987 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and State

Total2
Total3
Total4

Construc­
tion

Durable
goods

Total

Non­
durable
goods

Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cations,
and pub­
lic utili­
ties

Finance,
nsurance,
and real
estate

Trade

Govern­
ment

Ser­
vices5

Agriculture

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

219
<6)
151

423

Alabama ................................................
Alaska ....................................................
Arizona ...................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

1,875
248
1,602
1,076
13.646
1,685
1,745
331
331
5,835

1,794
245
1,536
1,005
13,045
1,630
1,713
324
324
5,596

1,351
149
1,167
748
9,986
1,215
1,409
265
199
4,438

99
14
142
48
680

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii....................................................
Idaho.......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana....................................................
Iowa........................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana ...............................................
Maine.....................................................

3,025
511
469
5,699
2,728
1,439
1,260
1,660
1,913
585

2,933
493
424
5,540
2,618
1,279
1,161
1,561
1,831
564

2,281
351
306
4,437
2,082
945
875

184
25
19
259

1,346
426

46
50
83
126
37

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts........................ v............
Michigan................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missoun .................................................
Montana ................................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire....................................

2,389
3,076
4,474
2,249
1,132
2,573
401
807
555
587

2,329
3,032
4,316
2,065
1,074
2,459
356
724
546
576

1,677
2,465
3,468
1,571
796
1,927
230
537
432
465

164
145
175
103
63
125
16
31
33
43

279
675
1,153
411
259
488
26
117
31
157

150
466
899
239
140
285
15
56
(6>
116

New Jersey...........................................
New Mexico..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina ......................................
North Dakota ........................................
Ohio ........................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

3,950
678
8,429
3,258
329
5,207
1,552
1,380
5,608
517

3,887
634
8,256
3,145
276
5,034
1,469
1,308
5,452
512

3,120
413
6,284
2,517
190
4,050
1,058
972
4,395
412

201

782
45
1,347
922
16
1,273
198
233

South Carolina......................................
South Dakota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

1,617
354
2,310
8,181
752
295
2,971
2,236
739
2,474
237

1,561
302
2,215
7,876
723
281
2,847
2,135
711
2,314

1,198

83

211

11

1,724
6,076
517
214
2,098
1,533
529
1,814
149

153
493
34
19
183
109
41
90
14

Alabama ................................................
Alaska ....................................................
Arizona ...................................................
Arkansas................................................
California ..............................................
Colorado...............................................

129
26
89
7^
691
118
51

122

16
5

35

12

7
15
133

Delaware ..............................................

10

10

19
277

19
262

109
19
67
57
574
93
44
9
15
231

222

1,201

8
200

101

83
23
14
423

122

45
384
191
15
230
66

44
311
29

120

233
2,473
198
426
70

1,641
127
310
18
C)
406

10

660

241
<6>
29

604
23
70
1,140
674
238
214
310
208

688

507
134
117
181
105
50

120

1,112

134
441
33
554
1,088
108
54
434
344
115
593

103
18
64
61
685
93
83
<6i
15
318

344
46
316
208
2,573
343
299
65
42
1,318

363
19
41
453
167
104
97
129
103
71

194
40
24
342
141
59
75
98

606
113
99

129
209
254
172
119
203

120

62
187

112
22

144
177
112

1,121

528
288
236
322
400
107
441
538
896
401
204
516
77
160

74

299
42
320
147
2,695
338
346

12
112

46
838
116
170
26
17
420

68

103
1,281

170
31
18
372
133
67
67
67
106
30
147
223
202

125
39
141
17
48
32
30

521
120

74
1,173
473
245
220

278
334
109
525
739
856
411
153
462

297
65
247
163
1,881
275
186
42
107
729
468
106
69
768
340
220

193
223
349
79
532
376
599
323

<8i
<6i
<6>
57
444
<6>
(6)
t6)
R
169
0

15
39
112

78
145
81
75
<6>
<e>
(6>
30
101

340
80
123
72
65

164
34
89
40
74
<e>
<6>

547
153
1,399
411
59
683
265
189
662
70

43
37
99
82
49
113
64
52
105
n

228
59
409
1,561
133
65
581
388
104
422
31

242
55
333
1,160
143
36
571
395
135
326
50

34
48
75
196
<6)

68

202

10

20

62
<6>
40

43
27
25

356
(6i
760
399
m
850
130
160
669
91

426
<6)
587
522
<6)
423

273
<e)
445
148
17
238
89
76
276
18

716
138
1,439
602

146
17
277
598

295
16
277
490
40
15
239
97
55
233

78
14
99
470
43

79
19
97
531
44
13
175
140
23

6

19

288
70
404
1,690
150
52
545
436
157
487
44

5

28
5
23
15
163
26
14

4

20

10

0

1

i6)
i6)

6

5
18
14
150
24

5

82

17
i6)
(ei
7
51

2

11

68

38
195
247
61
360
p)

11

204
C)
r>
113
831
71
116
52
<6)
254

68

73
443
43

10

152
111

43
100

101

103

66

1,061
297
288
1,088
91

334
<6)
742
153
t6)
263
85
76
323
30

120
10

135
202

106
810
111

1,916
497
58
960
265
250
1,249
110

10

81
79
<e>
126
13

UNEMPLOYED

Florida...................................................
Georgia.................................................
Hawaii...................................................
Idaho.....................................................
Illinois....................................................

140
17
36
370

25
81
69
649
112

49

134
16
31
365

118
12

27
320

9
66

19
<6>
3

1

8

3
3
28
4

3
1

1

1

1

5
76

1

6

4

15

61

22

12

4

23
4
5
71

13
3
3
38

6

6

11

8

3

2

1

1

2

1

30

37

22

(6)
16

27

8

18
1

1

3
56

4
33

2

8

1

21

93

10

13
3
4
34

(6)

0

1
6
88

69

n
1
12

6

10

2

12

2

2

11

4
34
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

31

17
4

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

1

45
4

<7>

53
15
4

o
1

4
3

Table 16. States: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by industry, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Employment status and State

Manufacturing

Transpor-

Durable
goods

communi­
cations,
and pub­
lic utili­
ties

Total2
Total3
Total4

Construc­
tion

Total

Non­
durable
goods

Trade

Finance,
insurance
and real
estate

Ser­
vices5

Govern­
ment

Agricul­
ture

UNEMPLOYED—Continued

Indiana.............
Iowa .................
Kansas .............
Kentucky..........
Louisiana.........
Maine...............
Maryland..........
Massachusetts.
Michigan .......... .
Minnesota.........
Mississippi........
Missouri .............
Montana ...........
Nebraska..........
Nevada .............
New Hampshire
New Jersey......
New Mexico.....
New York .........
North Carolina ..
North Dakota ....
Ohio ...................
Oklahoma.........
Oregon...............
Pennsylvania....
Rhode Island ....

152
71
56
122

.....

193
24
89
89
320
112

.....

....

South Carolina ..
South Dakota ....
Tennessee .......
Texas ................
Utah...................
Vermont............
Virginia...............
Washington ......
West Virginia....
Wisconsin.........
Wyoming...........

98
147
28
36
33
14
144
54
358
128
15
325
103
78
280
17
76
13
129
614
44
10

109
153
71
135
18

144
67
53
114
184
23

129
59
47
99
156

86

74
79
271
93
80
126
19
28
30

87
308
104
92
143
26
32
33
14

21

11

9
7
16
28
3

37
13
23

26
7
5
14

21

12

7

2

11

10

13

8

5
28
16
13
16
4

21

14
72
14
13

2

91
24
27
32

20

2

7
3
4

4

12

2

139
51
348

126
41
307

12

122

111

14
309
97
75
270
17

11

240
15

73

66

8

276
84

37
15
3
35
13

66

6

37
4
81
38
1

6

6

3
3
5
7

6

4

4

39
5

23
1

(6)
(6>

19
24
60
26

10

(6)

17
41

2

12

11

3

13

0

2

20

73

4
7

21

2

6

2

30
9

8

6

9

2

1

1

3

4

1

11

1

24
4
5

2

8

1

12

2

3

1

30
9
78

9
9
33
7

<6)
2

15
p>

3

22

p>

41
14
(6)

o

7
p>

40
23

16
4

<6)

56

33

66

2

4

1

28

14

11

6

12

6

4

43
3

23

11

1

1

9

2

16

2

1

2

1

1

1

17
81
7

33

20

3
32

7

13
43
4

8

1

2

1

1

87

13
16

16
18

5

10

10

10

10

11

42

9
3
18

4

1

t6)

16.3
33.5
8.5
18.9
9.6
17.4
4.8

8.3
18.3
3.5

p>

130
17

1

11

3

9

60
114
15

6

20

10

111

68

10

2

25

42
3

7
24

6

1
0

17
3
31
169
9
2

3
4
3
3

0

35
15
75
30
3
77
23
23
63
5

1

32
38
17
29
5

3

2

12

4
5

6

6

5
7
19

125
588
42
9
104
144

111

11

2

2

86

30
13

9
9
5

12

521
35

6
2

14

(6)

26

38
19
14
26
47
4

12

84
17
18

7

11

o

C)

5
p>

18
3

21

p>

5
4
4

6

2

3

3
(6)
0

4
2

5
4

2

2

1

58
16

25

10

10

2

12

51
3

7
23

5
3

11

6
6

1

1

2

12

6

2

4
29

22

3
13
45

<')

6

pi
2
1

6

3
17
(6)

2

1

(7)

16
27
7

(6)

4

18
26
9
25

11

4

1

2

2

1

3.5
7.4
4.3

2

<7)
2

9
1

106
9

3
7

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE

Alabama..................
Alaska ......................
Arizona.....................
Arkansas ..................
California .................
Colorado..................
Connecticut.............
Delaware.................
District of Columbia
Florida......................

6.9
10.4
5.5
6.9
5.1
7.0
2.9
3.0
5.7
4.8

Georgia....................
Hawaii......................
Idaho........................
Illinois.......................
Indiana.....................
Iowa.........................
Kansas .....................
Kentucky..................
Louisiana.................
Maine........................

4.6
3.3
7.6
6.5
5.6
4.9
4.4
7.4

6.6

7.2

5.5
5.2
4.6
7.3

6.3
5.4

10.1

10.0

11.6

22.6

10.1

Maryland..................
Massachusetts........
Michigan ..................
Minnesota................
Mississippi...............
Missouri ....................

6.8

8.1

10.4
5.3

13.0
5.7
7.7
5.8
7.7
3.1
3.3
7.5
5.2

6.8

5.0
6.9
2.8

3.0
5.7
4.7
4.6
3.2
7.4

5.2
3.6
8.8

6.2

8.2

6.8

6.6

5.4
6.1

2.5
3.2
6.6

2.0

6.5
5.0
4.8

8.1

<6)
0
6.6
6.2

8.4

2.6

2.2

5.6

2.4

0

14.2
7.2

5.7

5.4

6.1

7.2
10.5
21.9
13.0
9.2
19.7
14.3
19.1

4.4
4.1
9.1
7.8
5.5
5.4
5.0
7.4

3.4

5.1
3.5

4.1

4.1

5.0

9.0

5.5

3.7
2.9
7.2
5.0

3.7
2.9
7.1
5.0

4.4
3.2
7.8
5.9

5.9
3.8
15.9
15.1

4.5
3.2
7.9
5.7

8.6

8.6

10.0

20.6

10.6

5.7

5.8

6.6

12.6

6.6

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.5

70

p>

<6)

9.6

8.6

8.1

7.3
6.5
5.4
5.7
6.9
8.7
6.5

5.2
5.4
4.4
7.7
11.5
3.9
5.4
3.1
8.1

5.7
9.6
7.0

3.6
3.3
7.5
5.7
11.8

5.9

4.6
6.9
4.8
5.0
4.1
4.1
2.0

(6)

8.1

5.9

6.6

10.9
7.4
7.1
6.3
7.5
4.5
3.8

8.6

11.8

2.3
2.3
3.6
5.1

5.7
9.2
5.6
7.2
3.3

4.9
3.7

11.6

3.2
2.7
7.9

7.4
3.4
8.3
8.3
7.3
6.5
5.8

6.0

4.6
5.7
3.5
5.0
6.4
7.3

5.8

8.2
11.8

3.7

1.1

3.3
4.4
3.5
2.2

1.5
3.6
2.7
4.2
2.7
2.3
3.5
3.4
.7

3.7
3.5

5.8
3.7

1.4

6.8

8.2

3.1
9.8
4.8

5.3
8.5
7.9

3.3
1.3
5.0

1.8

22

2.2

5.8
4.7
4.4
3.0
7.2
6.1

6.3
5.2
4.6
7.1
11.7
4.9
3.7
3.2
7.0
6.4
8.2

5.3

6.1
2.8

(6)
(6)
<•>

7.4
7.6

5.5
2.4
1.7
3.3
3.1

p)
p)
(6)
(6)

2.7
2.9
3.8
5.0
3.3

(6)

2.6

7.0

4.0
9.8
2.9
7.7
2.0
1.6

2.9
5.1
6.5

(6)

1.6

pi

1.9
1.5
5.1
2.7
5.5
3.7

(6)

5.4

5.2
7.7
3.0
11.8

4.2

Table 16. States: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by industry, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and State

Total12
Total3
Total4

Construc­
tion

Durable
goods

Total

Non­
durable
goods

Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cations,
and pub­
lic utili­
ties

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices5

Govern­
ment

Agriculture

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE—Continued

Montana ................................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada..................................................
New Hampshire....................................

6.9
4.5

7.2
4.5

9.3

10.6

7.3

6.2

5.7
(6>
1.7

6.6

8.3
5.2
6.9

23.3
7.2
12.0

8.8

2.6

4.1

2.3
4.7
9.4

i6>
4.2

8.0

5.2
(6>

4.1
5.5

4.1
<6)
5.4
3.6
(6>

4.5
<6>

2.7
<6)
3.7
3.0
4.9

6.6

6.6

6.6

6.1

8.5
7.8

8.7
7.8
6.5
3.1

8.3

2.8

6.3
5.1
4.9
7.2

5.6
5.4
7.2

6.0

6.7
7.2
4.2
9.1

6.0

6.0

2.4

2.4

New Jersey...........................................
New Mexico ..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina ......................................
North Dakota........................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

3.6
7.9
4.2
3.9
4.6

3.6

4.0

6.2

8.0

10.0

4.2
3.9
5.0

4.9
4.4
5.8

17.8
9.6

6.2

6.1

6.8

6.6

6.6

8.0

5.7
5.0
3.4

5.7
4.9
3.3

6.8

South Carolina......................................
South Dakota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin ..............................................
Wyoming................................................

4.7
3.8
5.6
7.5
5.8
3.4
3.7

4.7
4.1
5.6
7.5
5.8
3.4
3.7
6.7
9.6
5.6
7.7

5.5
4.3
6.4

8.3
13.0

5.8
5.2

11.0

6.0

8.6

16.4
19.3
7.1
7.2
14.7
24.4

6.8

9.6
5.4
7.8

5.5
3.7

6.7
3.8
4.1
7.2
11.3
6.3
9.8

8.0

20.7
15.1
19.4
13.6
10.7
8.4

12.2

26.2

6.0

6.0
2.8

7.9
6.3
4.4
3.6
5.4
9.1
7.1
7.0

3.3
2.8

3.9
11.7
6.6

(e>

6.8

8.0

5.2
2.0

8.6

6.2

7.8
5.9

1.0

7.9
7.0
7.6
3.1

2.5
2.7
4.4
1.5

6.5
3.4
5.9
2.7

4.8

1.4
(6)
2.4
1.9
o
2.4
7.3

3.7
7.8
4.1
4.2
3.5

2.2

5.0
4.1
2.5

11.1

5.3
3.8
3.5

5.2
4.9
4.8
7.2
7.9
7.9
5.8
5.9

2.0

6.0

4.9
3.2
6.9
3.4
2.4

4.1
7.7

2.0

3.2
7.0
3.5
6.9

10.0

5.8
4.5
5.8
8.7
11.1
6.0
11.1

3.5
1.7

6.0
6.2

2.7
1.3
4.0
5.6
3.9

5.4
3.3
5.4

2.0

2.4
3.1

1.4
6.4
3.9
3.0
5.2

6.8
6.6

6.6

8.3
5.9
7.5

6.9
2.7
2.9
1.5

3.9
4.0
o
<6)

1.6

8.7
6.3
5.2
5.1
2.3
9.1

5.9
2.4
1.8

4.1
3.6
3.8
3.6
3.5
1.9
2.3
5.0
3.8
3.9
4.1
2.8

2.9
6.7
5.0
3.5
3.3

8.1

5.2
5.9
o
6.8

1.5
3.6
8.7
(8)
3.8
3.2
8.8

t6)
3.5
7.9

6 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
7 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
Includes private household workers, self-employed and unpaid family workers, and
mining.
3 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining.
4 Includes mining.
5 Excludes private household workers.
1

2


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4.9
2.5

71

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1987 annual
averages
Total employed

Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2
Total3

Con­
struction

Total

Trans-

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

10.7
1.5
3.0
10.6

tion,
com­
munica­
tions,
and pub­
lic
utilities

Trade

Finance
insur­
ance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices4

Government

Agriculture

TOTAL

Alabama......................................
Alaska .........................................
Anzona ........................................
Arkansas.....................................
California.....................................
Colorado.....................................
Connecticut ................................
Delaware.....................................
District of Columbia...................
Florida..........................................
Georgia ........................................
Hawaii ..........................................
Idaho............................................
Illinois ...........................................
Indiana .........................................
Iowa..............................................
Kansas .........................................
Kentucky.....................................
Louisiana.....................................
Maine ...........................................

2,885
495
433
5,330
2,575
1,368
1,205
1,538
1,720
561

1,746

100.0

222

100.0

1,513

100.0

1,002

100.0

12,955
1,567
1,695
321
312
5,558

100.0

Maryland.....................................
Massachusetts...........................
Michigan ......................................
Minnesota....................................
Mississippi ..................................
Missouri........................................
Montana.......................................
Nebraska .....................................
Nevada .........................................
New Hampshire......................... .

2,300
2,987
4,154
2,137
1,034
2,426
373
771
522
573

New Jersey .................................
New Mexico ................................
New York.....................................
North Carolina.............................
North Dakota...............................
Ohio...............................................
Oklahoma ....................................
Oregon..........................................
Pennsylvania...............................
Rhode Island...............................

3,806
624
8,071
3,130
314
4,881
1,449
1,302
5,328
500

South Carolina............................
South Dakota..............................
Tennessee ....................................
Texas ............................................
Utah...............................................
Vermont........................................
Virginia..........................................
Washington...................................
West Virginia...............................
Wisconsin ....................................
Wyoming.......................................

1,541
340
2,181
7,567
708
285
2,862
2,083
668

2,339
219

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

95.7
98.8
96.1
93.5
95.7
96.8
98.2
97.8
97.9
96.0

71.1
58.3
72.7
68.9
72.7
71.6
80.6
79.8
59.2
75.7

97.0
96.5
90.6
97.1
96.1

75.0
68.5
64.5
77.2
75.8
64.8

100.0

88.6

100.0

91.9
94.1
95.8
96.5

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

97.5
98.6
96.5
91.7
94.9
95.5

68.8

71.6
69.2
72.2
69.7
79.9
77.0
69.2
69.2
74.2
56.7

4.7
4.2

22.2

8.6

12.7

11.5
1.3
9.7

3.9
4.7
5.3
4.7
6.7
3.7
7.1

21.8

11.2

18.1
11.9
24.5
21.3
3.0

12.0

6.0

7.7
17.8
5.4
.5
6.9

4.2
6.7
15.9
2.4
4.3

8.1

11.9
3.7
8.5
7.9

2.8

11.2

20.0

5.9
4.5
3.4
4.2
4.3
2.7
3.6
4.3
5.7

4.4
14.7
19.7
24.7
16.4
16.9
18.7
10.9
20.3

6.0

77.2
79.0

98.5
93.5
98.0
96.6
83.6
96.8
94.7
94.7
97.3
99.1

78.7
59.5
74.1
76.9
56.9
77.3
67.2
69.6
78.0
79.5

5.0
5.9
4.3
5.6
3.8
4.0
3.7
2.9
5.2
5.4

19.6
6.5
15.7
28.2
4.9
24.4
12.5
16.5
19.6
26.0

96.6
85.1
95.8
96.3
96.2
95.3
95.8
95.6
96.2
93.4
93.6

73.5
59.2
73.9
73.4
72.2
70.3
68.3
70.3
72.7
61.5

4.9
2.7
6.3
5.4
3.9
6.3
5.9
4.5
4.7
3.4
4.6

27.0
9.3
23.9
13.2
14.3
18.0
14.6
15.6
15.7
23.6
4.9

96.3
99.3
95.5
92.2
95.0
96.4
98.1
97.6
99.3
95.7

73.2
58.4
72.5
69.1
72.5
71.4
79.9
79.5
63.7
75.6

7.7
6.7
13.5
6.4
7.6
8.5
7.9

27.9
3.9
15.3
24.7
21.5
14.6
29.8
27.3
4.0
13.6

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

68.1

6.8

3.2
20.0

9.0
3.7
8.9
12.3
1.8

6.0

17.9
19.6
16.9
18.3

10.1

7.9
2.6

7.5
2.3
6.7
10.6

2.7
6.8

15.9
3.1
8.1

8.2

11.4
11.7
17.7

4.3
5.1
7.9
8.3

8.9
4.8

18.1
4.5

5.2
4.1
6.0
6.0
6.1

11.8

7.3
9.1
13.0

5.9
5.2
5.0

6.6

8.0

11.4

4.2
7.7
9.2

6.0

2.6

8.2

6.2

7.1
9.9
7.7
5.1
7.3
5.8
6.3
4.1
6.8

5.0
4.7
5.5
4.2
6.0

5.3
6.3
7.3
4.7
5.8
3.6
5.7
4.4
6.0

5.9
5.2

18.8
20.4
19.2
17.2
17.6
19.8
17.1

5.0
5.4
4.2

20.1

6.6

20.2

19.9
17.3
17.9
19.1
20.9
19.6
17.9

4.1

4.0
5.0
7.2
4.5

8.7
4.3
9.0
4.8
4.0
5.3
5.4
5.7
5.8
5.9

20.0

5.0
3.9
4.4
5.8
5.9
3.5
5.2
5.1

12.1

14.4
2.3

21.0

7.0
4.1
5.3
4.6
5.0
4.6
5.9
5.6
5.0
3.4

5.7
7.6

16.3

8.0

19.5
22.0

18.1
17.3
19.8
17.8
18.1
19.6
19.0
19.3
17.9
17.5

6.8

66.0

6.5
7.8
5.1

5.0
4.7
4.0
5.1
5.4
7.4
5.1
5.4
4.7
4.2

5.4

89.8
98.4
98.1

100.0

22.4

3.7

6.2

88.6

100.0
100.0

11.8

11.8

7.2
7.6
7.8
5.5

15.1
19.9
10.5
12.3
10.9
3.7

100.0

100.0

18.1
18.3
19.4
19.3
18.6
20.3
16.9
19.5

19.3
19.0
19.7
18.5
19.2
20.5
18.5

6.1

11.6

100.0

100.0

11.9
18.7
9.3
9.3
10.9
5.4
8.5

21.9
25.5
18.1
22.4
18.8
6.3
14.3
5.5
26.7

6.7
4.7
3.5
4.1
4.8
4.5
3.4
3.7
5.5
7.3

100.0

.7
6.1

5.6
7.4
4.0
5.8
5.1
5.7
4.8
3.8
4.5
5.5

5.9
4.6
6.0

16.0
16.8
19.9
13.3
19.6
20.0

19.7
20.7
31.1
22.0

16.4
27.0
15.6
15.3
14.1
16.6
10.7
12.9
33.1
12.7

17.3
23.5
15.9
20.7
17.2
17.0
17.4
16.8
17.1
18.5

15.8
20.7
15.4
13.7

22.0

23.9
19.2
18.0
13.6
18.0
17.1
17.0
36.5
18.0
20.5
16.4
22.8

15.2
17.8
18.5
17.1
18.2
22.5
21.5
14.0
16.8
17.7
19.2
17.6
22.2

6.3
3.3
5.0
4.1

19.6
17.4
14.3
17.0
13.2

2.6

11.0

3.5
5.1
3.0
4.1
4.9

12.3
14.1

2.5
.5
3.0
5.3
3.2
2.3
1.2

1.4
.2
2.8

1.9
2.9
8.1
2.0

12.8

2.8

15.7
15.6
13.8
19.0
13.9

10.4

22.7
12.4
13.7
14.7
18.5
13.5

1.4

20.0

15.6
13.5
11.1

14.1
23.0
16.9
12.9
18.1
13.5
17.6
14.0
12.0

13.8
15.3
15.4
14.7
14.7
19.4
12.4
19.4
17.7
19.2
13.4
22.1

6.6

4.6
2.4
2.0

1.0
2.2

7.5
2.9
3.5
10.3
9.2
1.1

1.4
1.0

5.5
1.2

2.5
15.3
2.1

4.1
3.8
1.9
.5
2.0

14.0
3.3
2.4
3.0
3.5
2.7
3.5
2.1

5.2
5.3

Men

Alabama...................
Alaska..................... .
Arizona.................... .
Arkansas .................
California.................
Colorado.................
Connecticut ............
Delaware.................
District of Columbia
Florida......................

972
119
845
564
7,308
850
906
172
153
3,020

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.1
6.8
11.6

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

72

16.5

11.4

8.0

2.1

1.8

11.9
14.3
15.0

3.4
10.4
6.4
4.5
7.0
19.6
3.2
4.7

8.7
4.8

10.1

22.9
7.7
.7
8.9

8.2
6.1

6.9
5.5
5.1
5.5

70

.

15.3
17.4
18.5
18.2
17.9
19.0
15.2
16.6
14.7
21.4

6.8

4.6
5.1
5.1

8.0

14.9
15.4
14.5
14.7
27.5
16.4

14.0
25.6
13.1
12.4
12.2

15.6
9.2

3.5
.5
4.2
7.7
4.7
3.4
1.8

12.2

2.2

28.1
10.9

.4
4.0

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
Nonagricultural industries

Total employed'

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2
Total3

Con­
struction

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Trans­
porta­
tion,
com­
munica­
tions,
and pub­
lic
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insur­
ance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices4

Govern­
ment

Agricul­
ture

Men—Continued

Georgia........................................................
Hawaii ..........................................................
Idaho ............................................................
Illinois ...........................................................
Indiana .........................................................
Iowa..............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
Kentucky.....................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maine ...........................................................

1,570
259
249
2,946
1,365
759
665
872
983
312

100.0
100.0

96.9
95.9

100.0

88.1

100.0

96.7
95.6
84.9
90.0
92.8
95.8
96.8

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

66.8

63.5
77.6
77.2
62.0
69.0
73.2
71.7
71.6

11.6

11.8

9.1

1.0

4.2
9.0
8.9
6.4
8.7
9.2

10.1

9.8
7.6
5.5
7.0
7.5
4.5

23.4
5.3
18.0
24.2
31.4

6.0

21.8

12.6

7.2
9.1
9.7

22.1

13.9
7.7

21.1

14.6
24.3

11.0

12.2

29.9
21.7
7.5
18.3
30.3
6.7
32.0
14.6

6.9
12.7

9.0
19.3
28.0
13.2
16.8
14.8
5.8
9.1
4.2
22.9

5.6
7.5

6.0

11.6

88.8

100.0

94.8
94.4
85.4
85.8
98.3
98.3
98.5
92.1
98.2
96.1
77.4
96.6
93.6
94.9
97.4
99.1

78.2
60.1
74.1
77.3
54.5
78.3
66.9
70.9
77.5
77.3

8.1

96.4
79.5
94.7
96.1
95.1
94.9
96.1
95.3
96.4
92.4
92.6

74.2
54.4
72.0
74.4

8.2

29.1

10.8

4.5
10.3
8.7
6.4
10.9
9.8
7.3
7.7
5.6
7.2

11.8

5.9
15.7
9.4

95.0
98.2
96.9
95.1
96.5
97.4
98.3
98.0
96.5
96.2

68.5
58.1
72.9
68.7
72.8
71.9
81.3
80.1
54.9
75.8

97.2
97.2
93.8
97.5
96.6
93.4
94.3
95.7
95.7
96.2

72.1
70.3
65.9
76.8
74.3

New Jersey ................................................
New Mexico ...............................................
New York.............................. ......................
North Carolina............................................
North Dakota..............................................
Ohio..............................................................
Oklahoma...................................................
Oregon........................................................
Pennsylvania ..............................................
Rhode Island..............................................

2,122

100.0

355
4,454
1,683
175
2,712
796
711
2,969
264

100.0

South Carolina...........................................
South Dakota .............................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ...........................................................
Utah..............................................................
Vermont ......................................................
Virginia .........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
Wyoming.....................................................

851
186
1,196
4,272
397
154
1,580
1,144
384
1,294

100.0

122

100.0

Alabama......................................................
Alaska ..........................................................
Arizona.........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado .....................................................
Connecticut................................................
Delaware.....................................................
District of Columbia.................................
Florida........................................................

774
103
669
438
5,647
717
789
149
159
2,538

100.0

Georgia ......................................................
Hawaii ........................................................

1,315
236
184
2,384

100.0

1,210

100.0

609
540

100.0

666

100.0

737
249

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

68.6

72.5
70.6
70.5
75.7
72.1
64.2

7.9
5.7
6.7
8.1

7.3
5.4
6.4
9.3

6.8

9.7
7.1
9.4
5.9
6.5
5.7
4.9

21.0

8.6

24.7
27.6

9.5

25.6
16.5
17.1
20.8

17.6
21.6

20.5
29.5
6.3

8.2

6.9
7.8
7.5
5.6
7.8
9.1
8.1

100.0

1,242
1,587
2,296
1,158
582
1,332
207
414
283
315

14.6
26.8
34.6
21.5
25.4
22.9
9.0
17.4

9.0
15.3
25.0
12.4

70.6
79.1
78.9
68.3
72.1
74.6
54.7
64.6
76.3
78.6

Maryland.....................................................
Massachusetts...........................................
Michigan .....................................................
Minnesota...................................................
Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri........................................................
Montana.......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................
Nevada ........................................................
New Hampshire .........................................

98.1
98.6
96.5

77.4

6.6

8.4
8.6

5.2

5.6
5.2
6.3
7.1

8.1

10.1

3.2
8.3
2.5
7.0

7.2
7.9
5.8
5.5

10.8

11.0

4.7

2.8

9.0
5.1

11.6

15.3
2.6

22.7
10.1

16.2
16.9
19.1

12.0

16.4
9.3
16.1
11.5
18.7
3.4

12.4
19.1

18.5
16.4
17.5
16.7
17.9
18.8
17.7
17.8
16.8
16.3

4.5
5.0
3.0
3.7

15.8
17.4

21.3
11.6

1.2

12.6

11.2

12.8

11.9
14.6
11.7
17.0
12.7
13.4
9.7

3.2
10.9
4.5
5.2
14.4
14.1
1.5

17.4
17.7
17.3
17.7
19.9
17.9
16.8

6.5
3.2
7.5
3.2
3.4
3.3
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.0

6.9
5.3
5.9
7.3
7.9
5.3
6.9
6.7

3.2
3.6

5.4
12.4

17.3
18.5
15.6
19.5
19.0
16.5
16.9
18.3
18.0
17.9
15.0

9.8

2.7

1.2

6.0

2.5

3.0
2.7
3.7
4.2
4.0
2.4
3.4
3.7

8.6

11.3
10.9
11.2

11.7

3.7
3.2
3.8
4.1
3.2

18.3
5.9
9.9
7.0
5.1
4.4
8.3
5.6
9.0
10.9
2.9

17.6
18.1

8.8

9.0

7.7
6.7
4.4

8.2

14.9
10.9

11.2

20.0

7.3

11.6

2.0

6.7
15.0
4.1
9.3
4.5
4.9
7.8
8.5

6.0

2.8

3.9
3.8
2.7
4.7
3.1
3.1
3.8
2.9
4.4
3.1

6.8
6.0

11.6

18.6
20.9
18.3
18.2
16.2
18.8
16.9
16.8
19.8
17.5

2.6

4.3
4.7
3.3
4.1
4.1

10.0
10.8

31.5
11.3

21.1

3.8

13.0
11.9

11.6

11.0

14.4
13.4
10.5
15.0
13.4

3.0
4.1
14.9
9.6
6.7
3.6
2.5
1.7

1.6

15.5

12.7

12.6

21.1

16.9
10.5
9.2
11.9
12.7
13.1
15.4
14.5

15.3

1.6

10.1

3.7
22.4
3.0

9.5
8.7
11.3
14.2
12.4
15.3
13.6

12.9
13.9
13.3

14.1
11.2

15.2

6.0

11.2

4.8
2.4
.7

11.2

14.1

12.2

2.2

9.4

18.6
10.9
17.8
14.5
14.0

3.6
2.4

10.1

11.8

7.5

17.9

21.6

5.7

22.3

19.4
20.4
20.7
19.6

6.6

22.1

9.9
6.4
9.0
9.6
13.5
11.3
5.1
9.8

27.4

19.5
28.6
18.8
19.0
16.6
17.7
12.5
13.9
37.8
14.8

8.0

9.0

23.0
28.2

6.0

21.8

9.4
7.0

27.7
24.3
27.1
24.9
24.5
25.1
26.9

12.0

1.4
7.5

3.2
20.4
4.8
3.5
4.6
4.8
3.6
4.3
2.9
7.2
7.3

Women

Indiana .......................................................

Maine ..........................................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

100.0

68.2

68.4
69.6
65.8
73.1

1.0

1.3
2.4
.6
1.0

5.2
.3
7.0
7.2
8.1

1.5
.9
1.5

8.6

4.9

18.4
14.3

12.0

.8

2.0

1.7

8.3

2.7
.4
4.6

1.3

16.0
3.5

3.8
.3

.6

10.1

2.2

.8

14.2
17.2

7.6
11.5
5.3
5.1
7.0
2.4
4.6

1.0

.7
.5

10.6

.6

10.8

.6

14.2
5.9
15.4

1.1

1.3

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

15.1
1.5
9.5
18.0
13.6

73

10.8

5.5
3.7
6.4
11.6

12.1

1.7
3.8

3.1
7.9
6.6

5.7
5.2
5.7
7.2
3.5
10.7

3.4
5.3
2.7
3.8
2.7
2.3
3.8
2.0

3.4
1.9

21.8

18.7
23.0
9.0
23.5
20.5
23.3
24.6
20.7
22.2
20.8

6.8

20.4
22.4
21.4
19.6

7.6
5.9
8.0
8.0

20.1

25.8
25.4
25.7
27.6
34.5
28.6

1.4
.5
1.5
2.3
1.2

.9
.6

.5
R
1.5

20.8

.7

20.3
18.5
15.9
14.7
17.3
18.2
18.1
24.4
14.6

1.8

3.4
.9
1.4
4.6
2.9
1.8
.8

1.4

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
Total employed

Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2
Total3

Con­
struction

Trans­
porta­
tion,
com­
Non­
munica­
durable
tions,
goods and pub­
lic
utilities

Total

Durable
goods

2.9
10.4
9.9
7.4
6.5

1.0

8.0
16.4
14.4
14.1
18.6
13.8
3.0
10.6
4.0

1.3

22.8

16.4

6.4

1.0

16.9
5.1
12.4
25.9
2.7
14.8
10.0
11.0
13.2
24.3

6.7
2.4
5.5

10.2
2.6

Trade

Finance,
insur­
ance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices4

Government

Agriculture

Women—Continued

Maryland....................................................
Michigan .....................................................
Minnesota...................................................
Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri.......................................................
Montana......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................
Nevada ........................................................
New Hampshire .........................................
New Jersey ............................................
New Mexico ...............................................
New York....................................................
North Carolina............................................
North Dakota..............................................
Ohio.............................................................
Oklahoma...................................................

1,058
1,399
1,858
979
452
1,093
166
357
239
258

Pennsylvania..............................................
Rhode Island.............................................

1,684
269
3,617
1,448
139
2,169
653
591
2,359
236

South Carolina ...........................................
South Dakota.............................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ..........................................................
Utah.............................................................
Vermont......................................................
Virginia ........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia...........................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
Wyoming.....................................................

690
154
985
3,296
311
131
1,283
940
284
1,045
97

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

96.8
98.5
96.5
95.2
95.0
96.9
92.6
94.4
98.5
97.9

68.7
80.7
74.5
70.1
65.6
73.8
59.1
67.6
78.2
79.5

98.5
95.3
97.7
97.2
91.5
97.0
96.0
94.4
97.1
99.0

79.2
58.8
74.0
76.4
59.8
76.1
67.6

1.7
1.0
.9

5.1

3.8
3.6
2.4
3.7
3.2
4.0
2.5
2.4
3.4
2.7

17.6
18.4
22.7
19.1
18.2
20.5
20.6
21.1
19.1
18.9

8.3
10.0
6.8
8.2
5.5

4.5

18.6

2.8

22.1

6.9
17.0
1.9

3.4
2.9

8.2

6.6

5.9
5.6
5.3
16.1

4.1
5.5
7.9

2.7
3.2
3.0
2.8
2.3

16.5
19.0
20.1
23.0
21.4
20.8
21.3
16.1

24.4
6.3
21.7
9.1
10.7
14.7
10.9
8.3
9.3
16.1
3.0

6.5
3.5
7.7
4.6
5.3
9.0
3.3
5.7
3.4
9.0

17.9
2.9
14.0
4.5
5.4
5.7
7.6
2.6
5.9
7.1

2.6

24.8
21.7

.8

2.2

2.9

21.6

21.4
3.1
12.7
20.7
17.9
11.9
24.7
20.3
5.0

11.5
1.4
9.7
11.1
11.7
7.7
18.0
5.7

9.9

5.9
7.5
3.9

7.1

11.1

18.9
18.7
19.7
19.9
18.7
20.3
17.1
20.3
9.0
23.0

6.8

18.1
2.9
14.8
19.9
25.2
16.4
16.4
18.0
11.3
20.3

1.0

.5
1.1
.8
.6

.9
.9
1.2
1.0

.9
1.2

68.1

.6

78.6
81.9

1.0

96.8
91.9
97.2
96.6
97.6
95.7
95.4
95.9
95.9
94.6
94.9

72.6
65.0
76.2
72.1
67.6
71.7
69.8
65.5
63.0
73.4
58.0

.9

96.2
98.9
96.0
94.0
95.4
96.9
98.2
97.9
98.2
96.5

71.8
59.7
73.0
69.2
72.8
71.7
80.9
79.7
64.2
76.8

97.6
95.4
90.4
96.8
96.0
88.4
91.6
94.1
96.2
96.5

76.2
65.6
64.5
77.9
76.2
64.7

.8

.6

1.3
1.3
.7
1.0
1.1
1.0
.5
.7
1.4

6.0

4.5
6.7
12.0

6.2

7.6

1.1

1.8

4.1

6.4

2.0

2.0

8.8
.8

8.2

2.2

2.6
2.2

2.5
3.9
3.4
1.3
3.1
3.3
2.5

18.0
21.4
18.9
20.9
21.0
18.3
19.2

20.1

5.9
8.6
8.2
7.6

29.2
31.4
27.4
24.1
19.5
26.3
25.9
24.1
42.3
26.2

24.4
13.4
16.8
18.0
23.4
15.6
23.8
18.9
13.6
12.8

11.4
5.7
10.8
6.6
4.9
7.8
7.3
8.2
8.7
9.2

26.8
21.6
30.0
20.7
28.7
26.7
22.5
24.5
31.4
29.3

16.0
25.6
18.9
16.1
23.0
16.3
20.6
17.4
13.0
13.5

8.1

7.2
7.6
6.3
9.6
7.5
6.1

8.4
8.9
4.6
6.7
6.4

19.6
26.6
25.5
25.8
24.2
30.4
27.1
24.0
21.0
25.5
20.4

18.4
17.3
16.3
18.0
20.4
14.2
21.3

0.9
.7

1.1
3.3
.8

1.4
5.1
3.6
.5
1.3
.6

2.9
.7
1.1

6.2

.9
1.8

2.5
1.2
.2

.6
6.2

1.4
.9
1.0
2.0
1.6

21.6

2.5

26.1
15.4
27.5

2.7
2.7

1.1

White

Alabama......................................................
Alaska.........................................................
Arizona........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California................................. .
Colorado..................................................
Connecticut ................................................
Delaware....................................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida.........................................................

1,374
184
1,442
865
11,027
1,471
1,580
273
107
4,754

Georgia .......................................................
Hawaii .....................................................
Idaho...........................................................
Illinois'..........................................................
Indiana ........................................................
Iowa.............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
Kentucky.....................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maine ..........................................................

2,065
142
425
4,605
2,392
1,342
1,127
1,445
1,319
555

Maryland.....................................
Massachusetts..........................
Michigan ....................................
Minnesota..................................
Mississippi .................................
Missouri......................................
Montana............ ........................
Nebraska ...................................
Nevada ........................................
New Hampshire........................

1,707
2,832
3,680
2,068
699
2,214
360
750
469
570

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

97.7
98.6
96.2
91.6
96.2
95.3
88.5
89.5
98.3
98.1

68.2

71.6
70.8
72.2
71.8
79.8
77.4
69.0
70.4
74.7
57.0
65.6
76.5
79.0

4.9
4.6
8.8

4.2
5.2
5.4
4.9
7.2
2.2

4.5
3.4
4.6
4.4
2.7
3.7
4.4
5.9
6.0

7.7
4.8

3.8
4.1
5.3
4.7
3.4
3.6
5.9
7.3

11.9
21.7
25.4
17.9
18.6
19.1
6.1

14.2
5.8
26.6

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

74

1.6

3.0
9.6
6.1

6.2

6.9

14.6
4.4
4.2

4.9
5.7
4.7
3.9
4.3
5.5

7.9

10.1

7.1

.6

4.2
6.6

.8

2.1

6.2

8.6

12.1
19.1
9.3
9.1
10.5
5.7
8.5

7.8
7.1
7.3
7.5
5.6
11.8

6.9
14.9
19.7
10.4
9.7
11.3
3.7
6.9
3.4
19.8

5.0
6.8
5.7
7.6
8.9
7.9
2.4
7.3
2.4
6.8

6.2

6.0
5.4
4.2
5.7
6.1
6.2

3.7
4.8

4.7
3.9
5.0
5.8
7.5
5.2
5.3
4.6
4.3

4.7
5.3
7.3
5.1
7.1
9.7
7.6
6.5
7.8

15.4
16.8
19.9
12.9
19.6
19.8
19.7
20.5
37.2
21.9

15.1
24.8
15.0
14.6
13.2
16.2
10.2
12.3
24.4

11.8

2.5

20.4
18.2
20.8
19.7
18.9
19.6
18.6
19.5
20.0
18.3

6.9
4.6
4.1
6.9
5.0
4.7
5.6
4.2
7.2
5.3

16.9
27.5
15.9
20.3
16.9
17.0
17.3
16.8
16.8
18.4

13.7
16.8
15.2
12.5
12.1
15.4
15.6
13.4
16.6
13.9

1.9
3.5
8.3
2.4
3.0
10.6
7.1
4.7
2.5
2.0

19.1
17.6
20.2
17.9
20.8
19.8
19.0
19.3
18.5
17.5

6.9
7.3
4.7
5.7
4.5
5.7
4.5
5.8
8.4
5.2

21.2
23.7
19.1
18.1
13.6
17.5
17.4
17.0
34.1
18.1

20.4
12.2
12.7
14.5
17.0

1.6

6.2

12.2
19.5
15.5
13.8
11.1

2.6

.5
3.1
5.2
3.5
2.2

1.3
1.5
.1

1.0
2.5
7.6
2.6
3.8
10.5
9.5
1.2
1.4

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and Industry, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
Nonagricultural industries

Total employed1

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2
Total3

Con­
struction

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

Trans­
porta­
tion,
com­
munica­
tions,
and pub­
lic
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insur­
ance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices4

Govern­
ment

Agricul­
ture

White—Continued

New Jersey ................................................
New Mexico ...............................................
New York....................................................
North Carolina............................................
North Dakota..............................................
Ohio..............................................................
Oklahoma...................................................
Oregon ........................................................
Pennsylvania..............................................
Rhode Island..............................................

3,277
573
6,844
2,498
305
4,444
1,268
1,236
4,921
476

100.0

South Carolina...........................................
South Dakota.............................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ...........................................................
Utah.............................................................

1,144
325
1,861
6,600

100.0

686

100.0

283
2,248
1,903
646
2,250
215

100.0

Alabama......................................................
Alaska.........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado.....................................................
Connecticut ................................................
Delaware.....................................................
District of Columbia...................................
Florida..........................................................

364

100.0

8

100.0

126
796
56
107
42
196
735

100.0

Georgia .......................................................
Illinois...........................................................
Indiana.......................................................
Kansas .......................................................
Kentucky....................................................
Louisiana....................................................

794
600
167
61
87
385

100.0

531

100.0

102

100.0

400
329
188
31

100.0

100.0

100.0

419
951
589

100.0

98.6
98.3
94.6

Virginia ........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
Wyoming.....................................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.3

19.7
6.5
16.1
26.6
5.0
24.5
12.5
16.4

9.1
3.7
9.4

10.6

6.8

18.3

8.8

20.1

13.4

1.2

2.8

4.1
5.2
4.5
5.1
4.6

20.2

4.4
9.0
5.4
4.2
5.4
5.8
5.7
5.8
5.9

16.8
21.7
15.4
17.9
18.0
16.9
18.4

21.6

16.5
13.6

5.7
1.3
2.4
15.6
2.3
4.4
3.7

22.0

11.1

2.0

21.3

13.3

.5

5.8
5.5
4.6
6.9

15.5
17.2
17.0
18.9
17.8
22.3
20.3
17.5
14.2
17.0
13.2

14.5
13.6
13.5
14.0
19.4
12.4
18.1
16.9
19.0
13.1

1.5
14.4
3.5

18.2
21.5
17.1
21.9
24.8
20.3
21.4
27.7
22.5

21.4
32.4
19.6
26.0
27.4
19.6
16.9
38.5
18.8

18.2
23.5
21.9
18.4
15.2
17.9

21.4
24.3
21.7
15.9
26.9

2.1

30.5
19.5
22.3

.7

98.4
93.4
97.9
97.0
83.2
96.7
94.6
94.7
97.2
99.0

79.1
60.7
74.3
77.0
57.4
77.8
67.8
69.6
78.6
79.9

98.0
84.7
95.7
96.4
96.2
95.3
95.9
95.5
96.2
93.2
93.6

73.7
60.4
74.6
73.7

70.4
72.6
61.5

4.6
4.8
3.4
4.5

22.5
9.3
24.0
13.0
13.8
17.8
13.4
15.4
15.6
23.6
4.9

94.0
99.1
90.1
98.0
98.6
98.4
97.2
97.7
92.0

68.6

4.0

25.0

10.8

14.2

1.8

1.2

68.2

2.7

67.9
75.7
79.1
55.9
68.3

2.0

28.5
13.2
5.5
21.7
27.4

r
11.4
9.7
4.1
14.3
3.6
.5
6.4

1.2

2.1

95.7
98.6
97.5
95.6
92.1
94.0

71.7
70.7
72.2
76.5
70.1
63.4

3.5

97.0
98.8
98.6
92.0
98.1

63.9
76.9
73.2

3.8
3.3

66.6

70.1
81.9

3.8
3.2
3.8

74.5
70.8
76.1

3.3
2.4
4.0

68.1

72.1
70.8
68.6

6.0

4.7
5.9
3.6
4.1
3.9
3.0
5.3
5.6
5.8
2.8
6.6

5.8
3.9
6.4
6.1

12.0
1.8

6.7
14.6
3.2

16.4
8.3
11.3

8.1

20.2

12.1

8.1

26.1

17.6

8.5

4.2
5.1

7.6
5.0

14.9
4.4

12.0

12.0

7.3
8.9

5.7
4.9
5.1
7.3
4.1
7.5
9.3

12.8
6.1

11.3
8.1

14.3
2.3

2.6

6.0

5.5
4.9
3.5
5.3
4.1
4.5
5.7

17.6
19.0
20.3
20.7
19.0
20.3
19.7
17.4
18.8
20.2

17.4
20.2

6.0

20.0

6.1

3.5
5.4
5.1
5.9
4.1
8.3

17.3
17.9
19.5
20.9
19.8
17.9

4.6
6.5
6.3
3.3
4.7
4.1

4.6
5.6
3.3
8.4
7.5
7.2
4.1
4.7
5.6

15.4
19.6
14.4
16.1

5.1
7.0
3.9

16.2
12.2

17.1
12.6

22.1

2.6

3.0
3.6
3.0
3.5
2.2

5.4
5.3

Black

Massachusetts..........................................

Missouri......................................................

North Carolina...........................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

59.2
66.7

1.5
3.9
4.7
6.9
2.2

3.7
1.3
3.1
4.6

1.2

1.8
11.0

25.1
17.0
18.8
23.1
29.8
9.0

10.6

16.6
7.9
4.9
12.5

18.1
4.4

11.6

4.0
11.7

7.0
5.0
4.4

4.6

12.2

4.8
5.9

17.4
7.9

12.8

1.6

1.0

.6

5.6
5.6
4.9
4.5
5.4
6.3

17.7

7.0

12.1

6.2

10.7
5.9
20.9

8.3
6.9
5.1

11.1

16.6
26.5
30.2
15.9

34.3

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.5
9.1
13.8

17.1
3.4
1.4
7.4
23.8
1.4
4.6

75

22.1

13.4

8.0

1.2
6.1

.9
5.8

21.2

6.8

12.7
14.4
12.5
18.0

12.3
7.8
4.6
4.0

17.0
15.1

2.7
5.9
3.8
4.2
4.2

20.2

17.4
13.0
22.5

2.2

12.1

1.6

23.8
30.3
19.7
13.7

16.9
9.7

6.2

22.6

26.2

2.3

58.3

12.6

14.3

7.4
9.3
2.4

23.4
28.3
15.0

21.0

15.1
11.6

15.6

11.8

15.3

4.5
9.5
5.3

20.6

21.8

23.8
15.8

2.3

(5i
5.5
.5
r
<5t
.9
.2

4.8
1.9
.1

.5

R
3.5

.1

.4
3.7
.7

R
.2

.3
2.8

Table 17. States: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and industry, 1987 annual
averages—Continued
Total ernployed1

Nonagricultural industries
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and State

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2
Total3

Con­
struction

Trans-

Non­
durable
goods

Total

Durable
goods

3.3

23.7

2.2

6.6

4.1

12.7
25.1

15.6
1.9
6.9
21.5

4.7
5.8
3.5

12.4

27.1

12.8

10.6

7.3

7.4

tion,
com­
munica­
tions,
and pub­
lic
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insur­
ance,
and real
estate

Ser­
vices4

Govern­
ment

Agricul­
ture

Black—Continued

Ohio...............
Oklahoma.....
Pennsylvania .
Rhode Island .
South Carolina .
Tennessee .......
Texas ................
Virginia .............
West Virginia ....
Wisconsin .........

399

100.0

86

100.0

355
16

100.0
100.0

100.1

385
309
806
556
19
70

100.0

92.7
95.9
95.7
95.4
94.8
99.3

100.0

98.4
93.2
97.9

72.9
60.7
69.9
76.4
72.5
71.5
71.3

1.2

2.6

39.6
23.4
14.6
19.8
17.1
25.5

8.1

4.3
4.9
5.6
3.0

15.1
18.7
13.0

4.5

21.8

2.1

11.6

6.1

24.7
28.0
29.6

4.1
3.9
7.0
4.8
9.1
4.9

13.9
15.5
19.3
17.5
10.7

2.5
2.5
5.2
3.8
1.3
12.3

67.7
75.7

4.1
2.9
5.4
<5)
4.8

90.5
89.3
95.0
98.5
89.4
93.3

73.2
74.2
67.5
82.1
67.0
78.9

9.9
5.6
6.5
3.3
9.9
5.7

14.4
26.6
15.0
45.7
2.1

1.0

1.1

6.6

12.0

12.2

5.9

6.2

6.2

24.8

100.0

100.0

100.0

75.4
98.3

100.0

5.7
1.7
4.4

35.0
26.8
32.2

100.0

.2

21.8

100.0

99.2
94.6
96.6

1.1

15.2
20.4
12.7
11.4
16.7
4.8
3.5

23.4
18.2
23.2
20.4

39.1
33.8
9.4

19.8
6.4
19.5
10.4
22.5
29.0
5.9

6.1

100.0

82.5
65.1
89.4
75.8
80.4
81.1
90.3

99.2
92.8
98.5
97.5
88.5
95.8
94.7
84.2
94.5
94.6

86.5
62.6
80.4
79.1
71.1
84.0
71.4
61.0
67.3
71.1

14.3
4.4

22.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

68.2

6.3

8.6

11.2

3.8
19.3

13.3
6.3

9.4
15.1

5.0
11.5

2.2

20.0

6.0

3.7

6.8

8.2

2.2

19.0
24.4

31.6

14.0

1.8

11.2

3.7
3.4
4.6
7.8
7.9

20.1

9.8

23.0
28.3
24.4
23.5

0.3
2.4
.1
(5)

22.0

18.2
21.5

21.1

21.0

16.4
19.1
17.5

20.2

(5)

13.1

8.3

3.5
2.0
1.0
1.5

24.3
23.3

.8

Hispanic origin

Arizona .
Colorado ...................
Connecticut ..............
District of Columbia .
Florida.......................

248
2,631
155
65
14
694

Georgia ............
Idaho.................
Illinois................
Kansas ..............
Massachusetts .
Michigan ...........
Nevada .............

63
23
285
29
72
63
39

New Jersey .....
New Mexico ....
New York..........
Ohio...................
Oklahoma........
Pennsylvania ....
Texas ................
Utah....................
Virginia..............
Wyoming...........

275
205
741
43
48
59
1,569
36
60
10

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.2

4.8
4.0
7.6
2.7
3.4
4.6
.7
8.3

36.6
8.3
19.9
25.2
16.1
33.1
15.1
21.7
7.5
4.5

1.6

7.9
7.5

8.1

15.9
7.4
15.6
7.6
15.2
r
1.6

3.9
11.9
9.3
8.7
17.5
7.6
6.5
7.5
2.9

5.1
4.7
13.7
3.3
3.7
4.6
5.7
3.6
4.5
1.6

4.6
3.6
4.8
5.4
4.0
12.4

11.2

18.2
16.2
19.3
22.5
18.4
27.3
19.5
16.3
19.8
11.0

19.8
23.1

2.2

2.3
4.7
5.7
3.3
1.6
6.8

4.6
3.8
11.3
10.0

19.8
15.5
15.3
15.6
28.6
22.1

10.3

8.1

22.3
12.3
16.4
6.9

3.3
.8

11.0

15.3
7.0

20.2

6.2

14.0
22.4
21.5
45.8

20.3
14.9

16.3
14.6
23.5
10.9

7.6
22.9
13.7
17.2
14.8
10.7
16.4

3.8

20.1

2.8

27.5
16.3
14.1

5.0
3.3
7.2
4.8

10.0

(5)

5.4
(5)

24.5
1.5
<5)

.4
3.0
2.7

12.0

3.4

.3
6.0
.6

1.6
11.0
3.7
3.3
14.2
.8
3.0

20.0

20.8

20.0

13.8

16.9
-

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

mining.
2 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining.
3 Includes mining.
4 Excludes private household workers.
5 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

76

Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1987 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1 to 14
hours

Average hours
40
hours

41 to 48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

675
72
589
363
5,311
546
556
123
136
2,115

163
15
153
105
1,142
157
170
30
24
539

285
44
262
167
2,113
278
296
49
51
1,062

38.9
39.2
39.2
39.0
38.9
38.7
38.8
38.2
39.5
39.9

44.6
46.2
44.6
45.3
44.5
45.2
44.4
43.7
44.0
45.2

41

1,140
187
139
2,072
876
369
398
527
611
181

321
36
39
488
257
149
124
160
141
61

487
67
84
841
495
300
270
259
285
92

39.6
37.6
38.6
38.7
39.2
39.1
40.1
38.8
38.5
38.4

44.6
44.1
46.3
44.3
45.4
47.1
46.6
45.0
45.5
45.0

150
187
247
131
56
134
18
43
23
36

856
1,070
1,340
621
400
863
114
228
248
192

202

46
47

1,601
1,990
2,774
1,374
737
1,681
238
526
395
414

272
452
203
99
227
32
82
45
73

393
460
735
419
182
457
73
173
79
113

39.0
37.9
38.5
38.5
39.5
39.4
38.4
39.7
39.9
39.9

44.6
44.3
45.4
46.5
45.1
45.6
47.0
46.8
44.0
45.3

423
78
905
316
47
581
173
153
632
64

308
57
536
253
28
427
127
115
501
60

2,706
424
5,875
2,299
197
3,342
992
891
3,643
316

335
38
958
206
16
269

1,458

311
51
631
369
28
532
138
128
483
46

603
115
1,158
565
71
872
244
254
797
70

38.8
38.7
38.6
39.7
38.9
38.9
38.4
39.0
38.1
37.6

44.0
45.4
43.5
44.9
48.3
45.2
44.9
45.9
44.3
44.0

154
45
215
794

137
28
197
645
71
23
277
215
58
214

1,113
229
1,569
5,411
454
199
2,027
1,371
464
*1,533
144

106
19
143
404
32
18
174

589
89
838
2,748
217

181
33
214
797

237

88

33
315

39.1
40.4
39.6
39.7
37.8
39.6
39.5
38.1
38.7
38.9
38.6

44.4
48.6
44.9
45.5
46.0
46.1
45.3
45.1
44.2
46.7
46.2

751
87
663
429
5,685
648
716
134
116
2,372

39
7
33

41.5
42.3
41.6
42.1
41.4
41.6
42.3
41.1
41.2
42.4

46.0
48.0
45.8
47.0
45.5
46.4
45.9
45.0
45.3
46.6

42.0
39.9
42.6
41.6
42.6
43.2
44.0
41.5
41.6
41.9

46.0
45.4
48.0
45.7
46.9
49.2
48.3
46.4
47.3
46.3

15 to 29
hours

30 to 34
hours

35 hours
and over

35 to 39
hours

190
26
165
116
1,437
187
191
39
27
592

165
19
137
93
1,161
144
139
27
34
453

1,224
148
1,083
691
9,154
1,071
1,181
225
226
4,033

292
63
55
607
289
172
129
185
227
71

222

2,123
318
289
3,734
1,785
896
854
1,063
1,136
375

175
28
28
333
157
78
62
118

249
382
527
313
105
281
50
96
42
61

236
299
385
205
90
226
35

TOTAL

Alabama ................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

1,660
206
1,446
950
12,295
1,488
1,585
305
296
5,279

Georqia..................................................
Hawaii....................................................
Idaho.......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana....................................................
Iowa ........................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana ...............................................
Maine.....................................................

2,745
468
411
5,030
2,431
1,296
1,149
1,458
1,607
525

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts......................................
Michigan ................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ...............................................
Nebraska ...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire....................................

2,178
2,815
3,921

New Jersey...........................................
New Mexico ..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina ......................................
North Dakota ........................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

3,586
593
7,626
2,997
297
4,599
1,375
1,240
5,059
462

149
34
310
129
25
249
84
81
282

South Carolina......................................
South Dakota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia ...................................................
Washington...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin ..............................................
Wyoming................................................

1,469
324
2,069
7,189
682
271
2,729
1,973
622
2,225
207

65
23

2,021

980
2,297
353
735
496
544

81
13
61
51
542
86

74
13
8
201

108
22

31
235
128
99
67
74
91
28
92
145
236
129
47
109
29
44
14
22

21

88

339
46
16
140

111

29
146
15

33
285
268
72
333
27

934

120

65
36
455
229
129
98
135
153
51

68

20

100

16
79
55
588
90
159
24
15
317

100

68

74
403
37

101

40
124
10

220

3,128
1,159
82
1,670
542
436
1,960
164

989
724
262
689
71

68

201

64
250
20

88

375
1,462
136
61
549
345
97
470
44

Men

Alabama ................................................
Alaska .....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

32

76

76

111

6

10

8

817
538
6,984
811
854
163
146
2,885

25

66

21

47
557
67
58

62
41
538

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana ...................................................
Iowa .......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana ...............................................
Maine.....................................................

1,508
246
238
2,799
1,296
720
640
835
925
294

203
31
23
5
3
84
45
8

12
11

242
114
26

11

21

85
43
38

219
95
64
44
76
96
23

22

31
41
10

66

57
13
15
187
101

1,248
179
190
2,298
1,064
566
534
664
719
240

32
16
198
94
52
41
64
69
21

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

77

110

221

9
98

200

381
40
332
203
3,095
312
323
69
65
1,156

742
99

66

611

209

9

102

21

10

85
1,208
486
205

27
316
160
93
80

21

255
34
54
8
6
111

117
52
28
24
40
34
15

221

321
354
108

68

111
20
12

325

31
137
1,593
202

227
37
34
779
362
46
67
657
366
240
210

101

202

101

231
73

45

Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1 to 14
hours

15 to 29
hours

30 to 34
hours

35 hours
and over

Average hours

35 to 39
hours

40
hours

41 to 48
hours

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

297
357
573
319
145
341
58
136
57
91

41.8
41.4
42.0
42.2
42.4
42.3
42.7
43.7
41.9
43.7

46.1
45.6
46.7
48.4
46.8
47.1
48.9
48.9
45.2
47.0

488
87
908
421
59
677
184
190
626
55

41.9
41.5
41.5
42.1
44.3
42.3
40.8
42.5
41.3
40.9

45.5
46.7
44.9
46.4
50.7
46.6
46.4
47.3
45.6
45.6

192
70
298

41.9
45.3
42.3
42.3
41.6
43.4
42.4
40.8
41.4
43.1
42.8

45.9
51.2
46.7
46.9
47.5
47.6
46.9
45.9
45.4
48.4
47.7

35.4
35.6
36.0
35.0
35.7
35.2
34.8
34.8
37.8
36.9

42.5
43.6
42.7
42.4
42.8
43.5
42.1
41.8
42.7
43.1

36.6
35.1
33.1
35.0
35.3
33.9
35.3
35.1
34.3
33.9

42.6
42.4
43.0
42.2
43.1
43.5
43.8
42.6
42.3
42.6

35.6
33.9
34.1
34.1
35.6
35.9
33.1
34.9
37.5
35.3

42.5
42.1
43.1
43.4
42.2
43.3
43.6
43.6
42.5
42.5

34.8
34.9
34.9
36.8
32.0
34.7
35.5
34.7

41.5
43.2
41.2
42.9
43.5
42.9
42.9
43.6

49 hours
and over

Men—Continued

Maryland...........
Massachusetts .
Michigan ...........
Minnesota........
Mississippi.......
Missouri ...........
Montana ..........
Nebraska......... .
Nevada............ .
New Hampshire

1,191
1,509
2,186
1,104
557
1,277
196
399
270
300

New Jersey......
New Mexico .....
New York .........
North Carolina ..
North Dakota ....
Ohio ...................
Oklahoma.........
Oregon...............
Pennsylvania....
Rhode Island ....

2,013
340
4,251
1,621
167
2,571
759
678
2,836
246

8

20

South Carolina ..
South Dakota ....
Tennessee ........
Texas .................
Utah ...................
Vermont............
Virginia...............
Washington......
West Virginia....
Wisconsin.........
Wyoming............

818
178
1,137
4,085
387
148
1,513
1,091
359
1,239
116

28
9
40
141
16
5
54
45

58
15

54

86

42
5

1229

87
291
33
9
113
96
23
95

Alabama ...................................
Alaska........................................
Arizona......................................
Arkansas ...................................
California ..................................
Colorado...................................
Connecticut...............................
Delaware..................................
District of Columbia.................
Florida........................................

726
95
630
413
5,311
677
732
141
151
2,393

49

114
15
99

90

68

53
623
78
82
15

Georgia.............................. .......
Hawaii........................................
Idaho..........................................
Illinois........................................
Indiana.......................................
Iowa ...........................................
Kansas .......................................
Kentucky...................................
Louisiana..................................
Maine........................................

1,237
223
173
2,232
1,136
576
509
622
682
231

150
85
60
45
43
50
18

Maryland....................................
Massachusetts.........................
Michigan................................... .
Minnesota................................. .
Mississippi.................................
Missouri .....................................
Montana ....................................
Nebraska...................................
Nevada ......................................
New Hampshire........................

988
1,306
1,735
917
422

57
99
157
77
28

1,020
156

66
20
30

New Jersey...............................
New Mexico..............................
New York ...................................
North Carolina ..........................
North Dakota............................
Ohio ............................................
Oklahoma..................................
Oregon.......................................

1,573
254
3,375
1,377
130
2,028
616
562

34
46
79
52

20
43
10
14

91
117
180
118
41
109

20
37

5

17

6

20

52
14

139
31
311
130
16
186
73
55
215

100
53
9
94
39
24
96

12

345
41

10
115
96
27

107
126
174
90
39
106
14
26

958

1,220
1,753
844
457
1,019
152
321
228
258

20
16
143
26
251
106

11

190
58
51
231
28

11

8

52
63

101
56
20
49
8
17
9

12
112
16

1,679
268
3,588
1,332
131

353
74
7

2,102
589

100
27

547
2,294
190

28
143
13

679
144
924
3,307
297
124
1,232
853
297
980
94

33
7
43
164
15
7

473
60
420
262
3,469
423
466
91

61

68

45
14
44
4

480
621
776
343
224
479
65
119
134
107

128
180
303
126

868
133

211
33

1,908
611
47
966
293
249
1,194
91

419
226
18
359
85
80
331
31

68
21
50

150

26
47

332
47
456
1,539
128
50
555
434
161
404
43

122
21

127
494
46

21
194
126
45
162
14

1,111
109
46
415
248
77
369
33

Women

336
227
243

8
36
30
339
55
51

8
5
117
63
14

21

9
16
97

21
210
76
16
155
45
57

880

120
133
27
16
349
178
37
33
388
194
108

86

109
131
48
158
266
347
195
64
172
30
59
25
41

11
75

20

110

34
333
56
105
15
9
206

266

1,661

121
33
257
135
77
58
72
84
30

876
139
99
1,436
721
331
320
399
417
135

109
19
17
216
105
50
38
77

129
172

644
769

211
115

1,021
530

51
119

280
662

97
125
146
75
36
85

21

21

86

66
26

10

42
26
30

205
167
156

26
13
24

284
47
593
186
31
395

164
30
284
147
17
237

223
23
605
133

100
97

68
64

1,028
156
2,287
967
65
1,240
403
344

10

168
41
46

294
33
257
160
2,215
233
233
53
71
958

54

6
55
38
400
57
59

10
12

214

529
85
53
864
390
164
177
206
257
73

112
14
12
172

376
449
564
278
176
385
50
109
113
84

74
92
149
77
31
77

590
87
1,219
548
34
704
249
186

100
18

96
56
44
59
40
17

11

33
19
25

213
143

10

173
53
48
_

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8
45

78

64
13
63
30
520
76
69

12

17
283
125

21
16
184
129
60
61
57
54
19
96
104
162

100

37
116
15
37

22
23
115
28
250
144

12

195
60
64

I

Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1 to 14
hours

15 to 29
hours

30 to 34
hours

35 hours
and over

Average hours

35 to 39
hours

40
hours

41 to 48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

Women—Continued

Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

2,222

South Carolina......................................
South Dakota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

187
14

417
44

651
146
932
3,104
295
123
1,216
883
263
986
91

37
14
48
197
31

97
29
129
449
70
23
171
172
45

10

19

12

91

18
2

33
4
33

6

11

215

11
86

75
17
104

211

270
32

1,349
126

260
24

766
73

152
15

171
14

34.0
33.8

42.1
41.4

83
17

434
85
645
2,104
157
76
796
518
167
552
50

73

257
42
382
1,209
90
38
435
290

59

45
19
77
351
28
15
134
97

35.6
34.5
36.3
36.4
32.7
35.0
35.9
34.7
35.0
33.6
33.4

42.0
44.2
42.2
43.2
43.2
43.7
42.9
43.8
42.2
43.7
43.6

26.8
24.4
26.9
26.3
26.0
24.0
26.1
24.9
27.2
28.0

41.6
37.8
41.5
41.2
41.7
41.6
42.8
38.1
37.1
41.9

27.0
24.4
23.6
25.3
26.3
22.7
24.3
25.0
24.1
25.0

41.5
40.2
42.6
41.7
41.9
42.6
43.8
42.0
42.1
39.9

27.0
25.5
24.4
23.8
25.8
25.1
24.4
25.7
30.3
26.5

41.9
41.0
42.6
43.0
39.5
40.9
43.2
44.7
40.3
40.8

25.8
25.1
25.3
28.1

41.2
41.6
41.1
42.3
40.6
42.2
42.0
42.6
41.8
39.7

110

354
38
14
164
119
34
119

12

99
240
17
11

106
56
26
80
6

102

284
28

12

87
304
22
12
121

75
19
87
7

21
101
10

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

Alabama ................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

11

20

1

2

6

11

21

6

20

2

12

132

77

212

88

22

10

94

23
4

248
32
30
8

1

4
115

2

24
32
7
4

33
3
5

133
14
15
4
3
58

12

1

9

300

40

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana....................................................
Iowa ........................................................
Kansas ....................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana...............................................
Maine.....................................................

178
25
26
308
153
92

29
5

68

19

11

2

8

9
116
52
35
24
31
40
13

3
30
15
9

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts......................................
Michigan ...............................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi ..............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ................................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire....................................

129
199
285
150
42
140

New Jersey...........................................
New Mexico ..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina ......................................
North Dakota ........................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

216
39
420
179

49

20

6

296
78
81
295
32

72
17
19
78

73
14
158
56
7
104
30
27
98

8

10

South Carolina......................................
South Dakota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin ..............................................
Wyoming................................................

93
23
123
386
63
19
153
119
29
160

18

31

11

6

8

2

21

48
154

14
43
7

68

83
98
35

22

49
26
37

12

69
33
27
19
18
21
8

24
43
70
38
9
30
7
3

43
69
107
61
14
51
7
17
7

8

12

12

8

93
33

63
14
4
40
30
8

46
4

22

5
50
52
9
61
4

111

35

63
7
7
94
53

6

9
12

3
18
19
30
14
5
17
2

5
4
3

1
1

23
7
1
1

16
11

17

42
4
3
56
29
7

5
<2»
3
4
25
4
5

0

6

1

1

1

2

12

11

5
4

8

4

8

2

11

4

4

14

2

12

2

6

2

44

6

68

10

77
37
15
42
7
14
13
14

17

27
46
37
15
9
24
3
5
9

1

3

14

7

6

3

3
7
i2)

19
24
24

1

2

o
16

6

3
9

4
20

1

21

8

5
<2>

4
5
4
4
1

5

7
4

8
11

12

6

8

1

1

5

5

1

1

2

4

1

1

8

2

1

44
7
90
39

8

8

1

2

13

13

10

10

20

75

15

4
28
19

12

2

141
71
5

26
1

2

1

1

22.8

35

86

11

11

23
27
95

18
4
5
18

46

8

12

4
4

3
5

11

11

10

2

6

1

1

25.0
25.3
26.0
24.7
24.7

33
7
40
126
19

7

19
3
25
70

6

2

1

2

2

8

23
4

12

1

4
26
3

1

8

1

16

47
25
9
38
3

9

11

3
15
2

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5

89
58
669

20

15

34
3
30

1

79

6
2
6
1

13
56

5

6

12

18
3

10

2

4
25
14
5
17
2

<2i

26.4
25.1
26.5
26.7
25.5
26.8
24.9

1

2

6

6

2

3

22.6

2

1

4

11

24.3
23.7
21.7

<2>

40.5
44.1
42.2
42.4
42.7
42.0
42.0
40.9
40.6
45.4
36.7

Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1 to 14
hours

15 to 29
hours

30 to 34
hours

35 hours
and over

Average hours

35 to 39
hours

40
hours

41 to 48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

254
40
255
155
1,869
266
281
44
28
974

39.6
40.0
39.2
39.5
39.0
38.7
38.8
38.3
41.9
40.2

45.2
46.6
44.7
45.6
44.7
45.3
44.5
44.1
45.8
45.5

40.3
37.9
38.7
38.8
39.4
39.2
40.3
39.0
39.0
38.4

45.2
45.5
46.4
44.7
45.6
47.2
46.9
45.2
46.2
45.0

White

Alabama ................................................
Alaska ....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas ...............................................
California...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida............ .....................................

1,305
171
1,379
822
10,456
1,398
1,478
259

59

144

120

10

20

60
42
469
83
71

158
95
1,245
177
184
34

15
128
78
981
136
129
24
7
373

982
126
1,033
608
7,761
1,003
1,095
190
84
3,480

141
16
35
401
213
127
93
124
118
51

1,551
89
283
3,200
1,663
883
799
1,007
867
371

12

101

2

8

4,518

171

494

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii ....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa........................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana...............................................
Maine.....................................................

1,965
133
403
4,352
2,258
1,272
1,076
1,371
1,231
520

81

193

8

20

31
217
118
97
63
70
69
28

54
534
263
165

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts......................................
Michiqan ................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ................................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire...................................

1,619
2,667
3,4ei
1,954
662
2,099
340
715
446
541

76
140
217
125
30

190
367
473
302
64
259
49
94
40
61

165
288
349

42
46

1,188
1,872
2,442
1,328
516
1,536
229
512
351
412

New Jersey...........................................
New Mexico..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina .....................................
North Dakota .......................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island .......................................

3,089
546
6,463
2,390
288
4,191

137
32
284

1,175
4,673
440

371
72
802
253
46
537
145
144
594
61

263
51
475
193
27
384
104
108
458
56

2,318
390
4,902
1,843
191
3,040
879
849
3,349
303

South Carolina.....................................
South Dakota.......................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

1,089
310
1,765
6,277
660
269
2,145
1,801
600
2,140
204

1,201

102

29
44
13
22

102

24
230
72
75
272
20

46
22

73
296
45
16
110
110

28
142
15

120

171
176
71

109
42
183
688

109
33
223
248
69
318
27

200

53
202

34
66

95
26
163
566
67
23
208
194
55
204
20

840
219
1,346
4,727
439
197
1,604
1,249
448
1,476
142

73
12

75
46
500
85
147
18
6

268
129

514
61
554
313
4,400
501
510
101

39
1,748

141
13
149
94
992
150
158
27
11

490

765
45
136
1,691
791
362
360
493
442
179

242
38
447
248
147
117
152
113
61

414
25
82
780
476
297
262
254
247
90

36

587
991
1,124
591
257
769
109
217
214
191

167
263
413
198
74
213
32
81
42
72

323
443
680
413
148
433
71
172
74
113

39.1
37.9
38.5
38.6
40.8
39.5
38.5
39.8
40.0
40.0

45.1
44.4
45.6
46.6
46.1
45.8
47.2
47.0
44.4
45.3

288
35
762
164
16
247
59
70
368
34

1,207
198
2,531
865
78
1,469
470
411
1,769
157

280
48
557
313
27
500
126
123
459
45

543
109
1,052
501
70
824
225
245
752

38.8
38.8
38.6
40.1
39.2
39.0
38.8
39.2
38.1
37.7

44.2
45.7
43.8
45.4
48.6
45.5
45.2
46.0
44.4
44.1

411
83
682
2,299

143
32
191
722

212

210

66

86

33
254
187
62
243

40.0
40.7
40.0
40.0
37.8
39.7
39.9
38.3
38.8
39.0
38.7

45.1
48.8
45.3
45.7
46.1
46.3
45.8
45.4
44.3
46.9
46.3

42.6
41.4
42.4
43.0
41.9
42.5
41.9
43.0
43.1

8

27
282
149
76
60
107
66

41
112

175
225
126
36
121

17
41
21

74
19
124
360
31
18
129
91
39
119
10

746
642
253
650
69

11

20

66

86

349
1,346
133
60
475
329
94
464
43

Black

Alabama ................................................
Alaska ....................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

348

Georgia..................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana............................ ,.................

756
560
158
58
82
361

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
Michigan ................................................

500
96
371

8

21

<2>

46

44

236

27

1

1

6

14
76
5
9
3
26
74

76
569
40
81
30
137
506

ft 9

79
48
14
4

554
433

45
47

111

8

45
53
257

10

370
77
283

118
750
52

9
26

19
79

1

6

100

3

8

39
187
697

1
6

5
18
89

28
27
16
9
3
4
22

15
3
13

96
63
24
6

11

13
49

34

51

65

10

6

45

30

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

80

157
4
46
397
29
44
19
94
338

21

44

75

36.2
37.2
35.2
38.3
37.6
39.0
37.5
38.2
37.6

34

368
311
81
32
31
161

76
32
9
4
7
27

64
43
14
7
5
35

37.6
37.6
35.9
38.1
35.4
36.8

42.7
41.6
42.1
42.6
41.6
43.0

35
9
19

247
54
190

30
5
31

57
9
43

38.3
38.0
38.4

43.0
41.8
43.2

32
3
12

4
9
48

2

31

1

1

10

10

57
3

82
4
13
4

12
2
12

22

Table 18. States: Civilians at work by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and hours of work, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Hours of work
Population group and State

Total at
work

1 to 14
hours

15 to 29
hours

30 to 34
hours

35 hours
and over

Average hours

35 to 39
hours

40
hours

41 to 48
hours

49 hours
and over

Total

Full-time
sched­
ules1

36.6
38.2
38.0

42.6
43.3
40.1

38.0
38.0
37.9
37.9
33.9
37.9
35.6

42.3
41.1
42.9
42.8
42.2
42.1
40.8

36.6
36.9
37.8
37.9
37.5
35.4

42.0
42.2
43.4
43.6
42.9
41.2

38.7
38.2
36.3
38.9
39.9
39.8

43.3
42.7
42.6
42.5
42.6
43.8

37.4
38.5
38.9
38.0
37.2
37.6
39.5

43.6
43.6
42.7
41.5
41.7
44.3
42.7

39.5
37.1
38.3
35.5
37.8
37.8
38.1
36.8
35.1

42.9
43.4
41.6
43.0
42.4
42.1
43.8
42.3
43.2

Black—Continued

Mississippi ........................................
Missouri ............................................
Nevada .............................................

312
176
30

17

New Jersey......................................
New York .........................................
North Carolina ................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Pennsylvania....................................
Rhode Island ...................................

391
897
566
372
83
335
14

South Carolina................................
Tennessee .......................................
Texas ................................................
Virginia..............................................
West Virginia....................................
Wisconsin.........................................

369
294
757
528
18
66

217
129
25

20

36
49
56
40
9
38
3

41
19

37

1

1

2

10

46
87
60
39
18
34

6

19
25
16
6
8

22

142
85

23
13

32

11
1

22

1

1

299
742
424
278
51
254

37
156
38

25
46
52
28
5
18

59
38
7
32

10

2

198
474
275
191
34
172
5

1

2

265
213
560
382
13
45

30
19
37
42

174
151
372

38

23
23
90

1

8

1

4

31

6

14
116
9

115
1,328

25
234
9

6

28
7
322

21

5
32

1

1

19
15
40
28
(!>
3

44
32
93
54
3

41
33
64
65

11

7

7
80
9

28
280

231

20

20

2

6

5

184
1,941
99
49

1

1

11

1

41

2

222

21

61
51

20

39
66

66

3
4

Hispanic origin

Arizona..............................................
California ..........................................
Colorado...........................................
Connecticut......................................
District of Columbia........................
Florida.................................. ............

241
2,533
147
62
14
666

16

62

56

531

Georgia.............................................
Idaho.................................................
Illinois................................................
Kansas ..............................................
Massachusetts................................
Michigan...........................................
Nevada .............................................

61

3
1

272
27
67
59
37

6

9
3
26

6

22

44
16
217

263
195
714
40
46
56
1,495
35

New Jersey......................................
New Mexico.....................................
New York .........................................
Ohio ..................................................
Oklahoma.........................................
Pennsylvania....................................
Texas ...............................................
Utah ..................................................
Wyoming...........................................

10

0

21

2
22

2
21

7

9
3
31
3
5

3

21

8

8

2

22

2

4

23
13
117

143
84
366
15
26
28
653
16
3

13
14
44
5
3
5
133
4

35
24
61
4
198
4

1

2

2

22

1

8

6

3

7

1

3

2

50
40
31

7

20

21

11

25

18

66

1

10

2

4
5
196
5

23
42
3
5
7
150
4

214
136
588
25
35
42
1,085
25

2

1

6

Refers to persons who worked 35 hours or more during the survey week.
Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that

2
1

4
100

3
p>

2

6
6

area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8

8

1

6

25

7

1

2

109

144
16
32

2

1

1

59

4
3

1

63

6

31
262
13
9

22

2

2

68

81

Table 19. States: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1987
annual averages
(In thousands)
.

Usually work full time

Population group and State
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termina­
shortages
ted

Holiday

Usually work part time

Bad
weather

Own
illness

On vaca­
tion

Other1

Total

25
4
17
18
172
34

266
38
231
161
2,028
257
263
52
33
797

Slack
work or
only find
part-time

Does not Full-time
want full­ work less
time
than 35
work2
hours

Other

TOTAL

Alabama ................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

170
20

132
99
1,113
161
141
27
37
448

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa .......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana ...............................................
Maine.....................................................

246
64
40
443
203
119

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
Michigan ................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ................................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire....................................

257
285
380

New Jersey...........................................
New Mexico .........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina .....................................
North Dakota ........................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

340
53
578
295
28
384
123
119
504
60

South Carolina.....................................
South Dakota.......................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

139
28

35
4
23
19
175

1

9
6

35
5

21
10

2

3

1

2

120

159
48

212

98
213
35
63
41
46

11

21

3
4
30

3
19
14
173

6

20

4

19
3

r>

2

c>
15

17
127

2

6

18

69

35
4

7

62
39

10

10

2

8

1

51
29
14
9
24
27
9

12

177
73
39
26
26
57
16

16

40
5
5
54
26

16
17
55
19
23
33

5

1

6

3
3
4
7
2

6

120

6

60
25
72

3
8

6

1

8

5
5
7

1

1

14
13
9
4
9
1

1

17

2

6

3

10

1

4

1

18

1

26

7

167
14
263

14
3

10

66

21

1

5
4

7
136
34
30

58

11

220

2

1

41

2

28
4
34

4

33
9
52

7

9

10

2

47
50
4
49
26

11

8

22

1

110

7
25

70
23
306
205
52
197

11

2

3
36
36
9
27
4

1

172
31
15
4
4
54

21

4
6

94

39
5
7
68

25
22

12

18
16
18
7
41
33
69
50
7
34

52
9
7
65
36
24
16
24
24
7

376

33
33

320
541
768
435
146
403
80
146
61
84

68

47
16
27
7

8

11

15
7

7
7

6

8

38
7
71
47
3
56
16

62
14

1

20

20

21

21

58

55

5

82
3

19
3
33

23
4
27
110

17
5
50
36

11

1
11

1
11

35

88

2

10

1

4
40
34

5

18
5
98
58
18
74

1

6

2

26

1

2

1

10

12

202

7
7

20

39
27
48
27
14
28
4
7
7
7

10

10

25
3

19
17
5

10

109
156

10

688

21

48
4
42
29
356
44
71
11

72

88

201

4

25
5

44

46

9
7
154

36
19
500

68

240
51
52
578
297
191
156
153
164
76

86

21

83
853
443
281
207
274
312

22

102

183
84
53
34
64
107
16
40
42
162
85
47
76
25
28
13
6

217

6

68

37
117

3

299
1,090
158
49
395
397
106
495
41

45
13
70
332
26

12

86

29

2

13
81
55

6

6

11

4
50
30

6

8

8

21

45
4

22

3

212

25

20

3
,

21

54
31
188
67
15
169
79
50
189

8

83
49
7
62

2

o

145
18
148
94
1,362
163

540
116
1,173
403
73
873
261
229
912
85

8

90
50
6

78
15
59
45
398
71

10

6
66

76
41
100
12

238
455
521
313
74
287
46
104
36
72
406
66

34
4

8

10

13
197

14
9
70

12

11

14

15

6

2

2

5

2

100

42

51

17

12

2

4
59
44

4
33
18
17

20
10

8

35
33
5

22
8

4

28

14

21

22

53

31
17
7
16

21

17
23
3

6

8

6

10

2

5

2

59
14

21

5
50
23

825
246
51
581
154
160
625
71

111

125
47
181
597
126
38
274
256
49
351
24

39

8

2

5
16
55
4
3
18
24
5

68
2

6

88

35
11

17
9
68
2

31
105
2
2

37
40
11

10

30
3

24

20

2

3

7

3

Men

Alabama ................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................
Georgia..................................................
Hawaii ...................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa .......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

97
11

23
3

«

p>

54
612
80
65
15
16
224

13
118
14
4

42

124
33
23
227

19
3
7
32
16
7
5
14

102

62
44

68

2
1

4
28
4
3

6

2
1

8

7
60

15

3

31

1

20

1

7
3

4
82
35

2

20

1

13
15

3

<4>
<4)
<4)

2

12

1

<3>

14
187
19
32

20

12

(3)

<3>
3

11

n

1

(3>

o

6

6

8

83
9

98
17

79
15

8

8

1

2

2

2

1

2

31

27

41

10

18

20

1

2

2

1

2

13

24

8

10

4
38
14

23
4
3
31
16

4
4
7

5
5
9

12

12

9
g

12

_____
82

8

6

686

84
74
15
13
289
136
33
25
273
130
92
61
103

23
18
167
27
10

3
4
69
24
10

8
77
23
19
11

27

46
5
47
30
418
48
49

1

1

4

7
4
36
5

2

65
4
3

11

10

1

7
175

2

1

25

20

16
4

10

1

2

87
18
14
164
87
61
43
51

19
9
5
4
14

1

1

14
11

8
4
12

Table 19. States: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1987
annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Usually work full time
Population group and State
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termina­
shortages
ted

Holiday

Bad
weather

Usually work part time

Own
illness

On vaca­
tion

Other1

Total

Slack
work or
only find
part-time

Does not Full-time
want full­ work less
time
than 35
work2
hours

Other

Men—Continued

Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................

89
24

19

131
142
204
107
52
115
19
32

8

9
33
10
11
20

201

Utah ....................................

10

8

1

54
77
67
30
13
38

11

17

21

9

12

18

(3)
6

(3)

76
115

84
<3)
130
28
(3)
73
16
15
117

68

14

14

20

24

17
(3)
34

(3)
10
20

45

11

22

p)

43
??

20

24

14
81
27

9
1

1

152
107
27
104

20

8

27

12

10

15

14

13

(4)

110

6

407
49

20

16
15

8

15

40
i<\

10

18

100

47
30

14

9

36
16
(4)

21

2

33
160
9

10

o

129

22

36

31
15
42

9

1

11

44
13
60
192
37
9
92
76
15

13
3

21

22

12

20

114
23
237
89
13
165
55

9

1

18
1

10

12

5
10

29
17

18

20

14

6

15

1

80

2

6

5

11

30

14
103
371
41

14
16

8

9

1

21

(*)

21

8

9

61
270
29

1

58

6

1

66

12

46

20

8

1

15
(3)
25
26
(3)
29

30

4

8

1

22

176
(*)
288
144
<3)

28

4
14
1

10
1

4
3
10

26

29

1

2

(4)

1

12

10

6

10

2

6

1

Women

Alabama ................................................

Arkansas................................................

Missouri .........................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................

North Dakota ........................................

73
9
(3)
44
501
80
76
13

12

57

i3)2

14

6
6

1

224

30

122

16

31
17
215

19

101

12

57
43
52
70
24

8

164
(3)
289
151
(3)

10

<3)4

6

21

126
142
176
104
46
99
16
30
(3)
24

22

C)
(3)

<3)

(4)
f4)

14
170
25
39

1

93
19
12

10

1

1

10

67

53

31
19

30

95
38
18
13

6

12

10

19
12
10

28

9

8

55
79
53
29

8
22

9
11

1

12

13

o4

34

3
(*)
2

<3>2

22

25
<3)

(3)

<3>

218
394
539
282
97

83
(3)
134
38
<3>

99
13

27

5

37
27
231
44

100

7

6

64
944
115
164
26

10

5
35

11
6

12

85

325

44

153
33
38
414

11

14
107
61
35
23
37
61
10

26
26
51
27

8

t)
9

(3)

239
53
58
580
314
189
145
171
196
72

49

4

9
<3)

11

25
9

8

4
21

<3)
37
28
(3)

1
<3)1

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

J

180
25
150
106
1,342
173
190
38
19
508

83

19
(*)

o

(3>

29
(3)

380
74
799
258
52

31
18
107
40
11

210

130
113

1

132
7

6

11

4

5
3
75

1

22

35

7

1

8

1

3
40
36
15

3
19
7
8

6

4

102

22

11

107
55

24
4

4

162
340
382
207
51
191
33
75
25
55

22

9

16
42
15
15
17

12

292
43
588
157
37

2

16
9
4
6

2

3

6

2

6

1
1

44

12

10

3
29

75
52
2

10

3

Table 19. States: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1987
annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Usually work full time
Population group and State
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termina­
shortages
ted

Holiday

Bad
weather

Usually work part time

Own
illness

On vaca­
tion

Slack
work or
only find
part-time

Other1

Total

36

605
156
160
639
58

103
41
32
116
7

146
47
189
684
109
36
266
267
71
340
30

31
9
37
172
17
5
45
45
26
58
9

194
28

41
9
54
30
336

Does not Full-time
want full­ work less
time
than 35
work2
hours

Other

Women—Continued

Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................

183
57
59
234
31

South Carolina......................................
South Dakota........................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

71
14
98
316
29

14
30
4

11

2

154
98
25
94

16
16
3

11

2

Alabama ................................................
Alaska....................................................
Arizona...................................................
Arkansas ................................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................

129
17
125
81
936
151
130
24
(3)
365

23
4

4

22

8

15
152
19

4
30
5

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa .......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana ...............................................
Maine.....................................................

162
16
39
389
191
116
81

Maryland................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
Michigan ................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ................................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire...................................

182
273
340
203
57
192
34
61
37
45

New Jersey...........................................
New Mexico..........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina .....................................
North Dakota ........................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma..............................................
Oregon...................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................
Rhode Island ........................................
South Carolina......................................
South Dakota.......................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas .....................................................
Utah .......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin..............................................
Wyoming................................................

97
25
171
605
67
23
229
185
51
186

20

4

5

2

10

3
4

27
1

C)

2

5

18
5
27

11

102

1

8

n4

3
51
28

<4>

4

<*>

12

2

2

o

30

2

10
10

(4>
3

21

2

14

63
18
15
103

1

o
o
<4i

31
3
11

2

2

12

1

2

19
54

14
58

6

6

2

2

24
15
4

<4>
(4>
5

28
7
9
35

12
12

30
4
14
3
20

60
5
3
30
16
4
14

10

<4)

24
19
3

35
3

o

11

21

C)

2

2

2

18
3
17

22

20

3
16
15
142
32
19
3

n

416
99
115
457
49

67
12

19
4
6

7
51

16

1

2

81
34

29

4
3

121

24
80

26

1

2

406
89
29
182
180
34
254
18

2

6

2

2

29
28

10

14

8

2

18

10

2

2

26
3
9

7

White

1

10
2

0

2

(4>
o

35
4
39
24
285
43
64

7
n

14

55

3
19
9
150
30
14
3
<3)
49

6

25

32

1

1

5
45
25

7
64
24

12

21

11

3
3
28
5
4

149
18
17

2

2

10

52

12

16

o
106

(3i

<3>
77

6

39

1

1

8

10

2

46
26
14
9
23
16

10

8

2

9
17
49
18

4
5
9

10

2

29

7

66

6

1

9

1

6

2

4

1

9
17
9
18

286
47
509
227
27
341

21

5

9
40
36
4
44

2

102

21

111

20

460
57

55

4
4
9

2

1

15
4
29
97

3

24

4

13

20

1

8

1

2

6

9
31

18
5
33

101

101

10

2
1

17
3

16
5
41
34

10

3
27
33
9
26
4

27
71
9
4
29
30

4
24

23

42
180
17
5
72
53
17
71
5

2

6

110

124
48

21

6

3
2

4
6

6

9
7
1
8

6

5
1

5
1

n
1

7
152
71
38
24
24
47
16

15
7
5
5
7

74
150
109
57
17

142
13
234
50
7
114
28
27
197
38

1

11

3
10

16
1
10
6
1

19
2

2
1

3
(4>

84

15

2

6

1

1

111

446

81

35

27

35
3
3
48
41

11

2

20

200

17

11
21

10

25
3
7

33

24

27
17
4
13

8

6

442
488
305
58
273
•45

49
18

6

39
135
83
19

20

8

14
7

11

249
523
699
423
90
372
77
142
57
84

26
26
42
25

1

14
5

23
31
57
45

11

2

10

19
7

34
32
65
49

5

1

8

63

10

16

1

4
4
9

11

176

68

13

101

12

8

252
28
81
762
404
273
196
254
239

1

15
144
85
1,185
156
205
32

7

6

12

38
3
7
58
33
23
14

134
1,759
244
253
46
9
673

120

179
18
52
544
277
185
148
147
141
75

17
14
15
7

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

11

221

16

6

22
21

6

7

6

7

29
5
61
35
3
49
13
19
55
5

40
7
84
44

37
7
70
39
7
57
17

485
109
1,052
320
70
811

20

216
865
81

18
3

6

58
12

19
77
3

48
6

220

4
37
27

152
65
248
945
154
49
312
367

8

8

102

44
4

21

478
41

3

6
22

141
70
52
31
55
68

66

24
27
12
6

44
28
155
38
14
147
64
47
172
9

102

35
71
373
64
757
210

20
10

33
23
5

8

19
3
7
9
4
49
12

97
54

1

4
30
16
17
7
19
6

4

6
6
2
2

19
5
43
18

49
552
133
151
601
67

2

6

79
15
9
64

33

19

101

26

6

12

46
158
549
124
38
230
240
48
344
24

2

5
15
48
4
3
13
23
4
19
3

49
269
25
6

39
66

39
93
12

2

26
79
2
2

30
38
11
22
2

8
10

27
3

Table 19. States: Civilians at work 1 to 34 hours by sex, race, reason for working less than 35 hours, and usual status, 1987
annual averages—Continued
(In thousands)
Usually work full time
Population group and State
Total

Slack
Job
work or started or
material
termina­
shortages
ted

Usually work part time

Holiday

Bad
weather

Own
illness

On vaca­
tion

p>
o
p>

p»
p>
p>

p>
p>
o

p»

p>

pi

ft
p>

Other1

Total

Slack
work or
only find
part-time

Does not Full-time
want full­ work less
time
than 35
work2
hours

Other

Black

Alabama ................................................
Arkansas................................................
California ...............................................
District of Columbia.............................
Florida....................................................
Georgia..................................................
Illinois................................................
Louisiana...............................................

p>
o
p>

28
79
81
49
P>

Maryland................................................
Michigan ...............................................
Mississippi.............................................

69
34
40

New Jersey...........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina ......................................
Ohio .......................................................
Pennsylvania.........................................

46
56
62
40
39

South Carolina......................................
Texas .....................................................
Virginia...................................................

41
71
72

p>
p>
p>

p>
pi

p>
2

pi

18

3
1

19
5
p>

1

pi

20

4

22

24
p)

1

7

14

1

4
13

4

14
9

pi

p>

p>

3
5

4
16

6

14
7

4
p>

p>

6

1

6

3

9
9

13

1

8

6

7

1

6

5

2

2

8

7

6

2

14
5
3

2

19
23
14

12

pi

20

4
p)

12

6

1

9

4
5

5

11

6

10

6

3
4

4

8

p>

11

1

21

2

3

1

9
19
24

3
4

6

3

16

8

13

8

11

8

11

11

1

8

2

Includes industrial disputes.
2 Does not want, or unavailable for, full-time work.
Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See

37
15
31
5
41

25

8

8

2

1

59

8

3

12

47

4
17

7

40
40
38

59
26

16

6

78
71

10

3

21

10

2

61
54
55

19
25
28

29
23
16

10

3

4
9

2

46
99
79
55
42

9
28
29

25
52
33
25
19

8

3

12

6

13
7
4

2

62
127
74

25
58
26

102

31
9

6

22
112

121

21

16

appendix B.
4 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals because of rounding.

1


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

pi

72
26

85

22

38
38

13
25
7

2

1

3

5
3
2
6

4

Table 20. States: Employed civilians with a job but not at work by reason, 1987 annual averages
(In thousands)
Reason not at work
State

Total
Vacation

Alabama....................................................................................................
Alaska ........................................................................................................
Arizona.......................................................................................................
Arkansas ...................................................................................................
California...................................................................................................
Colorado....................................................................................................
Connecticut...............................................................................................
Delaware ...................................................................................................
District of Columbia .................................................................................
Florida........................................................................................................
Georgia......................................................................................................
Hawaii........................................................................................................
Idaho...........................................................................................................
Illinois..........................................................................................................
Indiana........................................................................................................
Iowa............................................................................................................
Kansas........................................................................................................
Kentucky ....................................................................................................
Louisiana...................................................................................................
Maine..........................................................................................................
Maryland....................................................................................................
Massachusetts..........................................................................................
Michigan .................................................................................................
Minnesota .................................................................................................
Mississippi.................................................................................................
Missouri.....................................................................................................
Montana ....................................................................................................
Nebraska...................................................................................................
New Hampshire........................................................................................
New Jersey...............................................................................................
New Mexico..............................................................................................
New York ..................................................................................................
North Carolina ..........................................................................................
North Dakota ............................................................................................
Oklahoma..................................................................................................
Oregon.......................................................................................................
Pennsylvania.............................................................................................
Rhode Island ............................................................................................
South Carolina..........................................................................................
South Dakota............................................................................................
Tennessee ................................................................................................
Texas .........................................................................................................
Utah............................................................................................................
Vermont.....................................................................................................
Virginia.......................................................................................................
Washington...............................................................................................
West Virginia.............................................................................................
Wisconsin..................................................................................................
Wyoming ...................................................................................................

Bad weather

1

45

27

16
67
51
661
78
109
16
15
279

10

2

44
29
406
51

15

1

11

1

11

7

110

1

14
18
3
3
55

66

9
9
159

141
26

137
13
24
4
4
63

1

Other

86

<!>

2

<12>
<2>
2

1

14
4
8

80
15
13
184
82
40
36
44
62
18

32
7
5
60
30
16
9
17
18

172
233
117
54
129

69
104
115
70
28
74

31
45
73
17

20

12

36
30

23
17

6

7

1

6

220

130
18
281
65

56

4

30
5
70
27
5
49
18

22

299
144
72
56
80
113
36
122

31
445
133
17
283
74
62
270
38
72
16
112

110

46
114
12

Includes industrial disputes.
Less than 500 persons.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet

1
1

10

2

1

17
29
7

3

1

20

2

22

2

42
29

1

12

31
3

3

21

1

6

<2)

7

6

1

90
34

4

2

16
9
78
71
23
70
7

5
3

27
4
3
51
29
15

2

75
14

211

378
26
14
133

1

12

10

42
9
55

<2i

10

156
40
38
147
20

6

(2>
2
2

12

2

10

72
13

3

48
4

18
3
31
80
5
3
23
16

1

1

<2)
2
10
1

i2)

11

4
24
78
5
2

4
1

28
23

12

1

11

22

1

20

2

<2>

3

BLS publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample
in that area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals because of rounding.

1

2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Illness

86

Table 21. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemploy­
ment, 1987 annual averages
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Reason for unemployment
Job losers

Percent

Job leavers

Reentrants

New entrants

12.4
10.1
20.7
10.8
12.8
13.6
18.6
15.2
15.9
18.1

24.5
28.8
24.8
32.6
24.2
28.3
30.2
38.1
27.3
31.5

12.3
4.0
12.1
15.8
12.7
9.3
12.7
5.5
9.7

16.2
20.4
10.5
10.5
11.6
14.5
19.4
12.9

16.3
15.7
5.7
12.7
13.2

12.2

34.8
27.6
28.7
24.3
25.9
32.5
29.7
24.1
21.4
28.3

14.3
17.8
10.5
11.4
9.4
16.1
8.4
16.4
13.6
21.4

34.9
25.1
28.4
26.1
30.2
27.0
37.7
30.3
25.1
34.5

12.9
9.9
13.2
8.0
16.8
10.0
7.2
8.4
5.0
5.6

13.8

25.9
29.5
21.7
26.4
30.3
23.6
27.1
26.7
24.7
15.5

10.3
11.6
13.1
12.7
11.4
11.2

12.8
15.5
16.2
17.0
10.1
12.0
9.2

28.3
40.2
24.7
26.0
32.5
30.4
37.4
27.8
20.7
28.6
31.8

16.0
9.5
16.4
12.0
9.1
7.0
13.9
10.6
12.9
11.4
10.1

10.0
7.2
14.3
11.8
12.6
15.0
16.2

17.8
19.0
18.7
17.4
21.2
23.1
25.6

9.9
3.4
13.0
11.1
6.6
9.1
7.5

13.8
10.8
9.1
11.1
13.8
17.0
10.2
5.7

27.9
18.7
14.8
17.3
27.8
22.1
16.7
13.2

13.3
7.4
11.7
16.4
13.4

13.3
18.2
26.1

16.8
18.7

21.8

12.1

28.5
19.7
19.4
18.0

10.8
7.7
9.6
4.7

Total

On layoff

50.7
57.1
42.4
40.7
50.2
48.8
38.5
41.3
47.0
39.1

13.0
8.9
7.2

32.8
36.3
55.1
52.5
49.3
41.8
39.8
45.8
54.4
52.7

11.6

TOTAL

Alabama......................................................
Alaska .........................................................
Arizona........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado.....................................................
Connecticut ................................................
Delaware.....................................................
District of Columbia...................................
Florida.........................................................
Georgia.......................................................
Hawaii .........................................................
Idaho............................................................
Illinois .......................................................
Indiana ........................................................
Iowa..............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
Kentucky.....................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maine ..........................................................
Maryland.....................................................
Massachusetts...........................................
Michigan .................................................
Minnesota...................................................
Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri.......................................................
Montana......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................
Nevada ........................................................
New Hampshire .........................................

147
27

100.0

101

100.0

88

100.0

792
130
58

100.0

100.0

100.0
100.0

10

100.0

21

100.0

312

100.0

167

100.0

20

100.0

38
423
175
80
62
148
234
26

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

102

100.0

99
369

100.0

122

100.0

117
164
30
40
35
15

100.0

New Jersey ................................................
New Mexico .........................
New York..............................
North Carolina.......................................
North Dakota..........................................
Ohio........................................................
Oklahoma ...................................................
Oregon .......................................
Pennsylvania ....................................
Rhode Island..............................................

160
61
412
146
17
367
115

100.0

South Carolina ...........................................
South Dakota.........................................
Tennessee ...................................................
Texas ..........................................................
Utah..............................................................
Vermont ......................................................
Virginia .........................................................
Washington..............................................
West Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
Wyoming.....................................................

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

86

100.0

320

100.0

20

100.0

91
15
154
697
48

100.0

11

100.0

126
171
81
152

100.0

21

100.0

73
16
43
448
77

100.0

10

100.0

157

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

37.8
47.2
47.9
54.5
43.6
46.9
46.8
44.8
56.3
38.5

12.1

10.3
10.7
9.8
17.9
8.7
8.4

12.1

16.4
11.4
16.8
14.3
13.2
17.7
7.2
22.7
10.3
16.4
21.1

18.7
9.2
14.2
9.6
13.9
7.2
12.9

50.1
46.8
50.9
43.7
47.3
53.0
48.8
52.4
54.6
51.6

17.8
5.9
16.8
10.3
17.4
18.2
7.1
17.7
23.9
23.4

43.6
34.4
42.5
50.4
45.7
47.2
32.4
44.6
56.3
48.0
48.9

7.9
7.3
13.8
4.8
16.2
25.7

62.2
70.4
54.0
59.7
59.6
52.8
50.8

16.9
10.9
16.5
12.3
13.3

44.3
66.3
65.0
58.2
50.9
49.1
56.7
67.7

16.8
20.3
14.0

8.2
11.8

18.3
17.6
7.6

6.8

12.1
14.3
17.1
11.0

12.2
13.3
12.0
8.2
20.7
12.1
15.9
16.4
11.6

11.2

11.2
11.1
17.3
17.4
6.9

10.8

8.9
12.5
12.2

Men

Alabama......................................................
Alaska ..........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado ..............................................
District of Columbia...................................
Florida..........................................................
Georgia .......................................................
Idaho ..................................................
Illinois ..................................
Indiana ........................................................
Iowa...............................................
Kansas ...............................................
Kentucky...................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maryland .....................................................
Massachusetts ..........................................
Michigan ..................................
Minnesota................................................

52
55
207
72

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

72

100.0

21

100.0

250
95
44
33
83
135

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.0
53.9
60.4
65.3

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

87

11.1
12.0

20.2

17.4
16.9
22.0

9.4

10.6

14.1
4.3
11.1

Table 21. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemploy­
ment, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Reason for unemployment

Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Job losers
Job leavers

Percent

Reentrants

New entrants

Total

On layoff

53.6
63.2
59.4
53.7

11.7
19.3
12.7
19.2

9.5
15.9
18.4

22.1

57.9
59.8
59.5
51.1
65.6
60.5
63.2
64.2

17.5
7.4
18.7
13.8
23.1
10.4
22.9
27.6

14.1

10.3
10.4
7.3

19.4
19.4
16.2
18.8
14.4
19.8
20.4
18.1

8.7
10.7
9.8
13.7
9.2
9.4

57.7
46.3
53.3
62.6
62.7
42.3
58.7
69.6
57.8
62.8

9.0
10.5
15.9

12.9
14.1
16.9
9.7

16.2
31.0
16.5
18.5

13.1

14.8
23.7
21.3
10.4

39.4
37.8
28.0
37.8
33.4
41.6
27.3

9.2
5.9
7.9
7.6
7.0
6.5
4.7

24.1
40.9
34.4
38.7
30.7
29.4
31.8
36.2
46.5

7.8
11.5
7.5
12.9
10.5
9.0
4.3
18.8

15.3
21.9
16.3
8.3
11.4

31.5
38.7
31.9
38.7
32.7
26.7
28.9

7.2
14.2
14.7
14.2
6.5
7.8
5.1

Men—Continued

Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri.......................................................
Montana......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................

61
91
18

100.0

21

100.0

New Jersey ................................................
New Mexico ...............................................
New York....................................................
North Carolina............................................
Ohio.............................................................
Oklahoma ...................................................
Oregon........................................................
Pennsylvania..............................................

87
35
245
69

100.0

212

100.0

70
44
190

100.0

South Carolina...........................................
South Dakota.............................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ...........................................................
Utah..............................................................
Virginia ........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
Wyoming.....................................................

38

100.0

8

100.0

77
389
27
62

100.0

88

100.0

53
90

100.0

12

100.0

74

100.0

11

100.0

45
343
54

100.0
100.0

11

100.0

155

100.0

Georgia .......................................................
Idaho...........................................................
Illinois..........................................................
Indiana ........................................................
Iowa.............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
Kentucky.....................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maine ..........................................................

96
17
173
80
36
30
65

100.0

Maryland.....................................................
Massachusetts...........................................
Michigan .....................................................
Minnesota...................................................
Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri.......................................................
Montana......................................................

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

6.0

6.2

10.1

14.5
16.4
10.8

22.6

14.3
7.6
4.4
5.8

13.3
29.9

6.0

10.4

8.6

13.3
9.2
6.9
15.1
4.6
9.7

22.4

8.6

21.8

12.0

16.2
17.0
10.7
13.1
7.8

26.4
19.8
9.9
19.0
20.6

8.8

14.8
14.3
7.5
14.2
14.9
16.7

31.1
42.9
46.0
33.2
38.5
31.3
37.6

14.6
5.0
18.6
14.8
13.1
10.4
15.0

39.9
41.3
38.0
36.2
38.2
38.2
33.5
32.6
34.1

17.9
7.6
15.1
12.9
15.7
10.5
18.4
22.9

41.6
31.9
39.9
38.1
38.5
44.0
48.7

15.1

16.7
10.4
10.5
9.2
16.3
11.4
13.4
14.1
17.8
14.1
17.9
13.7
9.6

33.5
29.8
33.1
36.1
38.3
33.5
34.4

11.5
16.0
13.9
16.2
17.1
8.7
10.3
11.4

36.9
33.0
35.5
48.0
36.3
41.4
42.5
48.8

18.1
19.4
15.6

11.9
11.9

25.8
29.0
27.1
25.4

43.9
40.8
52.2
47.5

10.1

Women

Alabama......................................................
Alaska .........................................................
Arkansas .....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado.....................................................
District of Columbia..................................
Florida.........................................................

New Jersey ................................................
New York ..................................................
North Carolina............................................
Ohio....... •......................................................
Oklahoma ...................................................
Oregon ........................................................
Pennsylvania ..............................................
South Carolina...........................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ..........................................................
Virginia........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
Wyoming........ ............................................

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

99

100.0

13

100.0

50
44
162
49
56
73

100.0

12

100.0

74
167
77
155
46
41
130

100.0

53
77
309
65
83
28
62

100.0

8

100.0

140
60
70

100.0

68

100.0

100.0
100.0
100 0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

40.9
38.2
37.2
35.8
30.9
40.8
40.5
33.5
31.6
35.0
23.0
29.5
30.6
33.9
27.8

12.2

18.3
14.1
7.1
11.6
2.1
12.1

18.4
7.1
11.6

3.3
4.6
8.6

7.9
12.3
3.3

20.2

18.0
10.2

12.5
12.2

11.8

8.0

12.6

17.8
12.8

19.5
13.0
-

11.1

12.2

17.8
11.9
14.0
12.9
12.0

15.5

12.8

17.0
19.2
13.2
12.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years

California.....................................................
Florida.........................................................
Illinois..........................................................
Michigan .....................................................

100.0
100.0

18.4
18.3
14.1
17.0

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

88

2.7
5.2
2.7
4.6

6.6
10.2

Tablf
distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemploy­
ment, 211987States:
annualPercent
averages—Continued
1
Total unemployed

Reason for unemployment

Population group and State
Number
(in thousands)

Job losers
Percent
Total

Job leavers

Reentrants

New entrants

12.4
10.9
14.2
13.5

26.7
25.7
24.4
29.1
31.6
25.6

44.3
49.4
47.2
42.1
50.5
50.1

On layoff

Both sexes, 16 to 19
years—Continued

New Jersey .......................
New York................................
North Carolina...............................
Ohio................................
Pennsylvania ...............................
Texas ...............................

2.6

29
63
52
119

100.0
100.0

14.2
15.3

3.2
2.5
4.2
4.2
1.0

6.0

9.8

White

Alaska ...........................................
Arizona.............................
Arkansas ...................................
California.............................
Colorado................................
Connecticut ..............................

Illinois ....................
Indiana.........................................................
Iowa..................................
Kansas ....................................
Kentucky............................

87
18
91
57
631
115
50

138

54.3
59.0
43.7
51.3

10.2

100.0

New Jersey ..................
New Mexico ...............................
New York......................
North Carolina.......................
North Dakota............................
Ohio..............................
Oklahoma..........................
Pennsylvania ...........................
Rhode Island...................
South Carolina......................
South Dakota.........................
Tennessee ....................
Texas ..................................................
Utah........................................
Vermont.......................................................
Virginia ............................
Washington.......................
West Virginia........................
Wisconsin .........................
Wyoming......................

40.0
55.0

17.1
17.2
13.5
17.9
14.1
13.9
19.2

20.5

49.1

100.0
100.0
100.0

50
302
86

15
291
90
80
272

21.9
11.0

47.6

100.0

100 0

37

48.0
47.8
48.0
52.6
37.6
50.6
47.8
50.5
43.6
47.3
52.5
49.5
53.1
54.7
48.3
40.8
32.1

11

529

100.0

11

100.0

16.8
25.4
19.7
12.9
15.8
10.8

15.6
7.6
13.0
18.6
6.7
16.9
12.1

18.0
18.3
7.4
18.0
25.1
26.0
8.8

23.0
28.1
24.6
29.2
23.3
28.3
31.0
30.9

7.6
4.2
11.8

14.5
11.7
9.4
12.6
10.0

11.1

30.6
27.9

12.8

21.0

10.3

13.1
14.6
19.8
12.4
8.7
12.7

25.7
32.5
29.1
25.1
18.3
28.7

12.0

19.0
19.0
12.7
10.5
14.9
17.7
9.0
15.1
14.3
21.7

32.2
24.4
25.0
25.1
28.2
24.6
36.7
29.5
27.7
35.0

15.1
12.5
14.8
19.4

25.7
28.7
21.9
26.7
30.5
23.4
25.4
25.5
24.8
16.7

12.0

13.3
14.6
12.3
8.1
22.6

18.9
18.9
17.4
13.1
12.4
14.9
18.1
17.4

49.3
45.6
47.5

9.0
17.7
5.2
16.2
25.9

44.7
55.5
49.6
47.5

12.3
18.5
19.6
7.8

45.5
35.1
51.8
48.7
43.0

7.7
9.5
6.7
9.5
6.9

11.0

26.7
45.1
50.9

7.0
6.5
5.5

39.8

>0.0

11.6

142
74
129

12.6

13.7
13.8
18.2
21.0

109
124
26
35
29
15

8.6

9.0

51.7
50
91

15.0
21.6

38.0

8.2

Maine .......................
Maryland...............................
Massachusetts...........................
Michigan ....................................
Minnesota .......................
Mississippi ....................................
Missouri........................................................
Montana......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................
Nevada ........................................................
New Hampshire ................

16.7
10.3
7.8
13.2
11.5
11.3

10.8

12.5
9.7

30.3
40.0
22.8

25.8
33.1
30.5
30.7
27.8
20.7
26.8
32.5

8.9
6.0

11.1
10.2

16.3
15.9
6.9
12.3
9.0
10.0
8.6

9.5
9.7
6.5
7.4
5.4
5.7
8.6
11.1
12.8

10.3
10.2

10.7
10.5
9.1
12.5
12.3
10.0

9.0
15.5
11.7
9.0
7.0
15.2
10.2

13.0
11.1

10.3

Black

Alabama...............................

60

California.................................
District of Columbia.......................
Florida...................................

96
18
88

Illinois.....................

Maryland ..........................

50

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

89

8.7
6.9

26.7
39.3
26.8
27.5
32.3

19.0
18.7
13.3
8.3
13.7

12.7
5.8
4.1

38.2
31.5
25.9

22.4
17.6
19.1

9.8

37.4

12.9

8.1

15.5

Table 21. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and reason for unemploy­
ment, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Reason for unemployment
Job losers

Percent

Job leavers
Total

On layoff

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.2
41.3

11.1
7.0

49.5
50.5
45.1
53.9
54.3

17.2
16.5
7.7
18.3
17.5

45.6
38.8
54.9

7.3
5.9
3.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

56.9
51.2
52.0
49.8

13.6
9.3
15.4
4.4

Reentrants

New entrants

36.5
31.5

21.1
21.2

9.8
13.2
12.7
8.3
9.6

27.1
22.3
26.3
24.5
23.0

13.6
14.0
15.8
13.4
13.1

7.5
14.5
5.5

26.7
28.6
26.4

20.2
18.1

10.7

19.5
20.3
19.7
24.4

12.9
7.8
15.1
15.7

Black—Continued

Michigan .....................................................
Mississippi ..................................................

107
73

New Jersey ................................................
New York....................................................
North Carolina............................................
Ohio.............................................................
Pennsylvania ..............................................

39
97
56
73
43

South Carolina...........................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ..........................................................

54
51
152

5.2

6.0

13.2

Hispanic origin

California.....................................................
Florida.........................................................
New York....................................................
Texas ...........................................................

226
44
67

200

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

20.6
13.2
10.1

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

90

Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemploy­
ment, 1987 annual averages
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

Duration of unemployment
Less than
5 weeks

5 to 11
weeks

15 weeks
and over

27 weeks
and over

44.7
35.2
57.2
45.3
48.2
36.6
47.5
50.9
42.9
54.0

25.7
31.3
26.7
32.1
29.5
32.2
31.2
30.5
32.6
27.8

29.6
33.4
16.1

14.6
17.7
6.3
11.3

51.4
53.1
40.4
39.7
44.9
34.6
45.6
36.9
32.6
46.1

32.7
26.6
31.6
26.8
29.9
33.2
34.1
29.4
25.8
31.7

TOTAL

Alabama ...........................................................................................
Alaska...............................................................................................
Anzona .............................................................................................
Arkansas ...........................................................................................
California ...........................................................................................
Colorado...........................................................................................
Connecticut......................................................................................
Delaware ..........................................................................................
District of Columbia .......................................................................
Florida...............................................................................................
Georgia.............................................................................................
Hawaii...............................................................................................
Idaho ........................................................... ......................................
Illinois................................................................................................
Indiana...............................................................................................
Iowa ..................................................................................................
Kansas ..............................................................................................
Kentucky...........................................................................................
Louisiana..........................................................................................
Maine................................................................................................
Maryland...........................................................................................
Massachusetts.................................................................................
Michigan...........................................................................................
Minnesota.........................................................................................
Mississippi........................................................................................
Missouri .............................................................................................
Montana ...........................................................................................
Nebraska..........................................................................................
Nevada.............................................................................................
New Hampshire...............................................................................
New Jersey......................................................................................
New Mexico.....................................................................................
New York .........................................................................................
North Carolina .................................................................................
North Dakota ...................................................................................
Ohio ..................................................................................................
Oklahoma.........................................................................................
Oregon..............................................................................................
Pennsylvania....................................................................................
Rhode Island ...................................................................................

147
27

100.0

101

100.0

100.0

88

100.0

792
130
58

100.0

10

100.0

100.0
100.0

21

100.0

312

100.0

167

100.0

20

100.0

38
423
175
80
62
148
234
26

100.0

102

100.0

99
369

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

122

100.0

117
164
30
40
35
15

100.0

160
61
412
146
17
367
115

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

86

100.0

320

100.0

20

100.0

91
15
154
697
48

100.0

11

100.0

126
171
81
152

100.0

21

100.0

Alabama .............................................................................
Alaska..........................................................................................
Arkansas ..........................................................................................
California ..........................................................................................
Colorado...........................................................................................
District of Columbia .......................................................................
Florida...............................................................................................

73
16
43
448
77

100.0

Georgia.............................................................................................
Idaho.................................................................................................
Illinois................................................................................................
Indiana..............................................................................................
Iowa .........................................................................................
Kansas .............................................................................................
Kentucky...........................................................................................
Louisiana.........................................................................................
Maryland...........................................................................................
Massachusetts................................................................................
Michigan...........................................................................................
Minnesota.........................................................................................
Mississippi ........................................................................................

52
55
207
72
61

South Carolina................................................................................
South Dakota...................................................................................
Tennessee .......................................................................................
Texas ................................................................................................
Utah ............................................................................
Vermont............................................................................................
Virginia..............................................................................................
Washington ......................................................................................
West Virginia....................................................................................
Wisconsin.........................................................................................
Wyoming...........................................................................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

22.6

22.4
31.1
21.4
18.7
24.4
18.3

10.8

15.9

6.2

20.2

9.6
11.4
17.9
14.8
15.8
9.7

28.0
33.5
25.2
32.3
20.4
33.7
41.5

15.2
9.6
10.4
10.5
8.6

21.2

25.0

22.2

10.8

21.1

9.5
9.3
16.5
12.5
20.7
9.5
18.8

45.2
52.6
41.5
40.9
39.7
48.7
33.8
43.8
51.1
61.7

33.7
28.5
29.2
33.6
28.6
28.7
31.4
29.8
31.0
24.7

34.7
26.4
17.9
13.6

44.0
47.2
39.6
51.6
41.8
36.2
37.5
49.7
41.6
53.2

32.8
27.8
30.4
30.4
33.5
28.5
31.5
31.5
31.3
33.0

23.2
25.0
30.0
18.0
24.7
35.3
31.0
18.8
27.1
13.9

43.3
45.0
49.3
43.5
50.2
51.4
51.9
45.1
30.1
36.7
39.4

29.8
29.0
29.3
30.4
27.2
32.5
27.8
27.1
24.6
30.5
29.7

27.0
26.0
21.4
26.1

14.4
14.6
10.3
13.2

22.6

10.2

16.1
20.3
27.8
45.3
32.8
30.9

6.5
10.3
14.1
31.8
19.3
17.1

42.1
28.9
39.4
45.0
29.8
39.9
52.1

25.9
33.3
35.7
29.7
33.6
36.4
25.6

32.0
37.8
24.9
25.2
36.6
23.7
22.4

44.3
37.1
34.7
39.6
31.1
42.8
32.4
27.0

36.7
33.6
26.9
30.7
33.9
33.6
28.4
25.4

19.0
29.2
38.4
29.7
35.0
23.6
39.1
47.5

47.7
48.0
37.7
37.1
37.0

32.5
28.5
29.2
35.9
29.2

19.7
23.5
33.1
27.0
33.8

19.0
29.3
25.5
31.7
22.6

11.0

7.6
5.5
10.0
12.0

14.9
9.1
12.1

20.9
16.2
9.6
15.3
6.2

Men

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10

100.0

157

100.0

72

100.0

21

100.0

250
95
44
33
83
135

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

91

16.1
21.2
12.8

13.3
17.1
9.5
11.2

9.5
11.1
22.0

19.1
18.1
11.5
26.4
30.2
8.6

12.3
18.9
15.4
21.4

Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemploy­
ment, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Duration of unemployment

Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

Less than
5 weeks

5 to 11
weeks

15 weeks
and over

27 weeks
and over

41.2
28.7
34.3

30.6
31.9
32.4

28.2
39.3
33.3

20.1

Men—Continued

91
18

100.0

21

100.0

New Jersey.....................................................................................
New Mexico....................................................................................
New York ........................................................................................
North Carolina ................................................................................
Ohio ..................................................................................................
Oklahoma.........................................................................................
Oregon..............................................................................................
Pennsylvania....................................................................................

87
35
245
69

100.0

212

100.0

70
44
190

100.0

South Carolina.......................................................................... ......
South Dakota..................................................................................
Tennessee .......................................................................................
Texas ................................................................................................
Utah ..................................................................................................
Virginia..............................................................................................
Washington......................................................................................
West Virginia....................................................................................
Wisconsin.........................................................................................
Wyoming...........................................................................................

38

100.0

8

100.0

77
389
27
62

100.0

88

100.0

53
90

100.0

12

100.0

74

100.0

11

100.0

45
343
54

100.0

Missouri............................................................................................
Montana ..........................................................................................
Nebraska.........................................................................................

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

13.6
13.0
11.6

40.7
41.6
36.0
46.7
31.2
34.4
48.0
36.0

33.7
26.4
30.0
32.4
26.3
30.1
31.4
31.4

25.7
32.0
33.9
20.9
42.5
35.5

41.0
38.7
47.0
41.3
44.3
46.1
41.8
25.6
29.4
33.9

28.7
27.4
30.1
29.3
29.5
31.0
27.9
23.7
32.7
30.9

30.3
33.8
22.9
29.5
26.3
22.9
30.3
50.7
37.9
35.2

47.3
44.3
50.9
52.2
46.4
45.8
55.9

25.5
28.5
28.7
29.2
30.3
29.1
30.0

27.2
27.2
20.4
18.6
23.3
25.2
14.1

56.7
44.6
46.9
51.3
38.8
48.7
42.7
40.3
42.6

29.7
29.0
26.7
28.9
32.2
34.6
30.6
26.4
32.1

13.6
26.4
26.4
19.8
29.0
16.7
26.6
33.3
25.2

42.6
58.4
46.5
46.5
42.7
58.1
41.0

34.9
28.4
29.2
30.3
27.9
26.3
30.8

22.6

13.2
24.4
23.2
29.5
15.7
28.2

48.0
44.8
55.9
43.0
42.3
51.5
49.8

31.8
30.9
28.7
31.5
33.7
31.6
31.2

20.3
24.3
15.4
25.5
24.0
16.9
19.0

44.9
51.6
46.4
57.4
48.6
38.9
47.3
47.7

30.5
28.5
31.8
24.8
26.3
26.3
27.3
27.8

24.6
19.9

27.8
25.8
26.6
30.0

7.9
7.3
17.7
12.3

2.4

27.6
27.1

6.3
17.6

2.9
6.9

20.6

32.6

15.2
16.3
10.9
26.1
19.6
13.1
19.2
17.3
19.7
12.4
15.9
11.2

11.9
16.9
36.5
22.4
21.0

Women

Alabama ............................................................................................
Alaska...............................................................................................
Arkansas .........................................................................................
California ..........................................................................................
Colorado...........................................................................................
District of Columbia .......................................................................
Florida...............................................................................................

100.0
100.0

11

100.0

155

100.0

96
17
173
80
36
30
65
99
13

100.0

Maryland...........................................................................................
Massachusetts................................................................................
Michigan..........................................................................................
Minnesota........................................................................................
Mississippi.......................................................................................
Missouri............................................................................................
Montana ...........................................................................................

50
44
162
49
56
73

100.0

12

100.0

New Jersey......................................................................................
New York ........................................................................................
North Carolina................................................................................
Ohio ..................................................................................................
Oklahoma........................................................................................
Oregon ..............................................................................................
Pennsylvania...................................................................................

74
167
77
155
46
41
130

100.0

South Carolina................................................................................
Tennessee .......................................................................................
Texas ................................................................................................
Virginia..............................................................................................
Washington .....................................................................................
West Virginia...................................................................................
Wisconsin.........................................................................................
Wyoming...........................................................................................

53
77
309
65
83
28
62

100.0

8

100.0

California .........................................................................................
Florida...............................................................................................
Illinois................................................................................................
Michigan..........................................................................................

140
60
70

100.0

64.3

100.0

66.8

100.0

68

100.0

55.7
57.7

New Jersey.....................................................................................
New York ........................................................................................

25
60

100.0

66.2

100.0

55.3

Georgia.............................................................................................
Idaho.................................................................................................
Illinois................................................................................................
Indiana..............................................................................................
Iowa ..................................................................................................
Kansas ..............................................................................................
Kentucky............................................................................................
Louisiana .........................................................................................
Maine................................................................................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.8

17.7
25.2
34.8
25.5
24.4

13.2
12.6

9.8
7.7
12.5
11.4
6.0

3.7
.1.7
12.0

9.7
13.0
7.8
14.6
17.8
10.8

10.5
5.6
13.4
8.3
19.9
4.4
16.9
8.1

12.9
7.5
13.8
11.0

5.8
9.5
12.3
8.1

9.8
8.7
11.1
22.8

14.9
11.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

92

2.2

9.3
4.2

Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemploy­
ment, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Duration of unemployment

Percent

Less than
5 weeks

5 to 11
weeks

15 weeks
and over

63.6
53.8
62.4
59.7

28.6
33.3
27.8
28.7

7.8
12.9
9.8

45.9
33.3
58.4
48.4
48.9
36.1
46.1
55.3

24.5
32.5
26.9
32.1
29.9
32.7
32.4
27.6

29.6
34.3
14.7
19.5

51.1
41.1
37.7
49.9
35.0
45.3
36.4
34.9
46.4

32.5
31.2
27.6
30.1
33.3
34.8
30.1
25.6
31.1

16.4
27.7
34.7

48.2
52.3
45.0
40.7
48.7
50.1
33.2
44.4
54.0
62.1

31.9
28.3
27.2
33.2
27.1
27.6
32.8
28.1
28.7
24.0

19.9
19.3
27.8
26.1
24.2
22.4
34.1
27.6
17.3
13.8

46.5
45.0
42.4
53.1
42.6
37.8
39.1
49.1
43.2
53.3

31.4
30.0
30.7
30.7
32.6
28.2
29.5
32.1
31.0
32.7

22.2

9.3

25.0
26.9
16.2
24.8
33.9
31.4
18.8
25.8
14.0

11.1

50.3
43.7
51.1
44.8
49.9
51.1
56.0
44.8
31.2
36.4
39.9

26.7
29.8
27.8
30.5
27.2
32.7
23.6
28.5
25.9
30.4
28.9

23.0
26.5

12.7
14.0
9.5
12.3

43.0
38.9
43.5
42.6
50.5

27.3
32.1
29.5
32.6
27.8

29.6
29.0
27.0
24.8

15.7
13.1
17.0

21.6

8.2

51.6
43.8
29.1

32.9
25.6
26.3

15.5
30.7
44.6

5.7
18.0
26.3

42.3
32.8
34.1

35.3
34.0
29.5

22.4
332
36.4

10.0

19.5
24.8

38.7
30.2

35.4
30.2

25.9
39.6

20.7

27 weeks
and over

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years—Continued

North Carolina .................................................................................
Ohio ..................................................................................................
Pennsylvania....................................................................................
Texas ................................................................................................

29
63
52
119

100.0

87
18
91
57
631
115
50

100.0

221

100.0

Georgia.............................................................................................
Idaho.................................................................................................
Illinois................................................................................................
Indiana..............................................................................................
Iowa ..................................................................................................
Kansas ..............................................................................................
Kentucky...........................................................................................
Louisiana..........................................................................................
Maine................................................................................................

76
36
284
138
75
53
124
133
25

100.0

Maryland...........................................................................................
Massachusetts.................................................................................
Michigan...........................................................................................
Minnesota.........................................................................................
Mississippi........................................................................................
Missouri ............................................................................................
Montana ...........................................................................................
Nebraska............................................:............................................
Nevada .............................................................................................
New Hampshire...............................................................................

50
91
256
109
44
124
26
35
29
15

100.0

New Jersey......................................................................................
New Mexico.....................................................................................
New York ........................................................................................
North Carolina .................................................................................
North Dakota ...................................................................................
Ohio ..................................................................................................
Oklahoma.........................................................................................
Oregon..............................................................................................
Pennsylvania....................................................................................
Rhode Island ...................................................................................

117
50
302

100.0

86

100.0

15
291
90
80
272
17

100.0

37

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

11.6

4.6
6.0

3.1
4.0

White

Alabama...........................................................................................
Alaska...............................................................................................
Arizona ............................................................................................
Arkansas ..........................................................................................
California ..........................................................................................
Colorado...........................................................................................
Connecticut......................................................................................
Florida...............................................................................................

South Carolina................................................................................
South Dakota...................................................................................
Tennessee ......................................................................................
Texas ................................................................................................
Utah .........................................................................................
Vermont............................................................................................
Virginia..............................................................................................
Washington.....................................................................................
West Virginia....................................................................................
Wisconsin.........................................................................................
Wyoming...........................................................................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11

100.0

103
529
45

100.0

11

100.0

71
142
74
129

100.0

20

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

21.2

31.2
21.4
16.9

20.0

31.7
19.9
33.5
39.5
22.5

21.1

24.7
22.9
16.2
20.4
26.7
42.9
33.3
31.3

13.9
16.7
5.4
10.5
9.8
15.8
9.8
8.8

6.8
11.6

17.8
10.7
15.1
9.0
20.8

24.0
11.3
8.5
9.4
15.3
12.6

14.0
8.9
18.5
11.7
7.2
5.5

13.1
7.3
12.8

19.9
16.5
9.4
14.4
6.6

10.1
6.6

12.3
14.5
30.3
18.7
17.1

Black

Alabama ...........................................................................................
Arkansas ..........................................................................................
California ..........................................................................................
District of Columbia .......................................................................
Florida........................................................................................

60
31
96
18

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

88

100.0

Georgia............................................. ................................................
Illinois................................................................................................
Louisiana..........................................................................................

91
133

100.0

100

100.0

Maryland...........................................................................................
Michigan...........................................................................................
Mississippi........................................................................................

50
107
73

100.0

39
97

100.0

New Jersey.................................................................................
New York ......................................................................................

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

93

10.0

12.0

Table 22. States: Percent distribution of unemployed persons by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and duration of unemploy­
ment, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total unemployed
Population group and State

Number
(in thousands)

Duration of unemployment

Percent

Less than
5 weeks

5 to 11
weeks

15 weeks
and over

27 weeks
and over

48,6
30.2
31.9

29.7
29.0
31.9

21.7
40.8
36.3

21.8

38.3
45.5
38.8

31.9
32.4
30.2

29.7

15.6

22.1

12.0

31.0

16.3

50.8
54.8
42.6
48.0

29.1
26.7
32.6
28.5

20.1

.9.1
9.6
13.2
10.9

Black—Continued

North Carolina................................................................................
Ohio ..................................................................................................
Pennsylvania...................................................................................

56
73
43

100.0

South Carolina................................................................................
Tennessee ......................................................................................
Texas ................................................................................................

54
51
152

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

12.5
24.8

Hispanic origin

California ..........................................................................................
Florida...............................................................................................
New York .........................................................................................
Texas ................................................................................................

226
44
67

100.0

200

100.0

100.0
100.0

NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

18.6
24.8
23.5

ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

94


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Section III. Estimates for Metropolitan
Areas and Cities

Labor force, employment, and unemployment data from the CPS for
metropolitan areas and cities shown in tables 23-27 differ from the
estimates produced through the Federal-State Cooperative Program.

95

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutlonal population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1967 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

3.7
3.7
3.9

Error range of
rate1

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA
Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,671
847
824
159

1,240
724
516
103

74.2
85.4
62.7
64.8

1,194
697
496
90

71.4
82.3
60.3
56.6

46
27

3.0
2.7
2.7
8.3

- 4.5
- 4.6
- 5.0
- 17.0

13

12.6

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,539
780
758
143

1,143

74.3
85.4
62.8

1,103
644
459
85

71.7
82.6
60.5
59.3

40

2.8

18

3.5
3.3
3.7

10

11.0

6.7

- 4.2
- 4.2
- 4.9
- 15.2

Hispanic origin .................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

321
189
132

240
165
75

75.0
87.7
56.8

228
159
69

71.1
84.2
52.5

12

5.2
4.1
7.5

3.1
1.9
3.2

- 7.2
- 6.3
- 11.9

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

499
911
261

404
170

81.1
73.1
64.9

377
651
166

75.6
71.4
63.6

27
16
4

6.8

5.1

2.3

1.6

2.1

.6

-

8.4
3.1
3.6

Total....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,980
939
1,041
154

1,416
763
653
95

71.5
81.3
62.7
61.6

1,345
732
613
80

67.9
77.9
58.9
51.9

71
32
39
15

5.0
4.1

4.2
3.1
4.7

-

5.8
5.2
7.4

White.................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,430
685
744
98

1,013
566
448
63

70.9
82.5
60.1
64.1

976
545
431
56

68.3
79.6
57.9
56.5

37

Black .................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

525
242
283

388
189
199

73.8
78.2
70.2

354
178
176

674
73.5
62.2

34

Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

534

413
802

77.3
72.8
58.4

377
779
189

70.6
70.7
54.9

666

476
95

666

66.6

20

22

7
6

2.4
2.6

Atlanta MSA

1,102

20

17
7

6.0

15.8

10.6

3.7
3.6
3.8
11.9

2.8

2.5
2.5
6.1

21.1

- 4.5
- 4.7
- 5.0
- 17.6

23

8.7
5.9
11.4

6.5
3.3
7.9

- 10.9
- 8.6
- 14.8

36
23

8.7
2.9

6.7

12

6.0

3.6

-

11

2.0

10.6

3.7
8.4

344

201

Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,767
812
955
132

1,145
621
525
67

64.8
76.4
54.9
5C.6

1,083
589
494
54

61.3
72.5
51.8
41.1

62
32
30
13

5.4
5.1
5.8
18.8

4.6
4.1
4.6
13.3

- 6.2
- 6.2
- 7.0
- 24.3

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,261
598
662
78

825
465
359
42

65.4
77.8
54.2
53.7

801
452
348
37

63.5
75.6
52.6
47.6

24
13

2.9
2.9
3.0
11.3

2.2

5.6

- 3.6
- 3.8
- 4.1
- 17.0

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

478

62.3
71.4
55.8

262
125
136

54.7
62.2
49.2

37
18
18

12.3

277

298
144
154

9.8
9.2
8.5

- 14.7
- 16.4
- 15.1

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

492
932
343

342
631
172

69.5
67.7
50.3

305
615
163

62.0
47.5

37
16
9

10.9
2.5
5.5

8.9
1.7
3.4

-

Total ....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,056
508
548
73

690
396
294
36

65.4
78.0
53.7
49.7

661
381
280
32

62.6
75.0
51.1
44.0

29
15
14
4

4.2
3.8
4.8
11.4

3.5
2.9
3.6
6.7

- 4.9
- 4.7
- 5.9
- 16.1

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

961
462
499

623
357
266
34

64.8
77.4
53.2
51.7

597
344
253
31

62.1
74.4
50.7
46.7

26
14
13
3

4.2
3.8
4.7
9.7

3.5
2.9
3.6
5.2

- 4.9
- 4.7
- 5.9
- 14.2

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................

64
31

47
25

72.6
82.7

44
24

68.9
78.9

2

5.1
4.6

2.0

-

Baltimore MSA

.

201

66.0

11

5

12.8
11.8

2.0
2.0

12.8

3.2
7.5

Bergen-Passaic PMSA

66

See footnotes at end of table.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

96

1

.6

8.2

8.5

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Bergen-Passalc PMSA—Continued

Hispanic origin.................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

106
49
57

70
41
29

65.7
83.6
50.5

65
38
26

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.......................................

284
610
162

204
415
71

71.9

193
401

44.0

68

Total....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes. 16 to 19 years ..........................

2,238

1,519
783
736
106

67.9
76.6
60.5
57.0

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

2,059
940
1,119
166

1,411
724

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

126
57

60.8
78.5
45.7

5

7.5

2

6.1

3

9.5

67.9
65.7
41.7

11

5.6
3.4
5.2

1,476
757
718
99

65.9
74.1
59.1
53.2

43
26
18
7

1,371
701
670
93

66.6

74.6
59.9
56.0

39
23
16

99

68.5
77.0
61.3
59.8

77
41
35

60.9
71.9
51.7

73
39
34

58.4
68.3
50.1

3

68.0

14
4

4.5
2.5
4.3

- 10.5
- 9.6
- 14.6

4.1

-

7.0
4.1
7.6

-

3.2
3.8
2.9
8.5

-

3.1
3.7
2.9
8.3

-

5.6

2.6

2.9

Boston PMSA

1,022

1,216
185

68

686

6

2
1

2.8

2.5

3.3
2.4

2.8

6.6

4.7

2.8

2.4

3.2
2.4
6.3

2.6

2.0

1.9
4.4

4.1
5.0
3.1

2.2
2.1
.6

6.1
8.0

Hispanic origin.................................................

54

33

61.6

32

58.8

2

4.7

1.5

-

7.8

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2...........:...........................

771

74.0
69.5
48.9

548
763
165

71.0

3.4

2.0

1.6

47.6

23
15
5

4.1

68.2

347

571
779
170

2.8

1.8

-

4.7
2.4
3.8

Total ....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..........................

911
426
485
73

556
305
251
43

61.0
71.6
51.7
59.1

513
276
237
36

56.3
64.8
48.8
49.9

43
29
14
7

7.7
9.5
5.6
15.4

6.6

White................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

833
390
443

518
282
236
42

62.2
72.4
53.3
61.5

485
260
225
36

6.4
7.8
4.7
13.7

Black..................................................................

75

36

48.1

26

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.......................................

246
513
152

173
316

70.5
61.7
43.4

Total ...................................................................
Men ............................................
Women ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

832
398
434
70

593
317
276
39

White.......................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

652
313
340
50

Black..................................................................
Men...............................................................
Women.............................................................
Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

1,120

Butfalo-Nlagara Falls CMSA

68

58.3

33

66.8

22

50.8
53.1

11
6

7.7
4.1
9.8
5.3

-

8.9
11.2

7.1
21.0

3.3
8.3

- 7.5
- 9.4
- 6.1
- 19.2

6.1

34.8

10

27.6

18.8

- 36.4

152
300
60

62.0
58.6
39.3

21

12.1

16

5.0
9.4

9.5
3.7
5.7

- 14.6
- 6.3
- 13.1

71.2
79.7
63.5
56.1

572
308
264
34

68.8

21

3.5

2.8

77.4
60.8
49.1

9

2.8

2.0

12

4.2
12.4

3.2

- 4.1
- 3.6
- 5.2
- 16.7

467
251
215
29

71.5
80.4
63.4
58.1

454
245
208
26

69.5
78.5
61.3
51.9

13

2.8

2.1

6

2.4
3.2

2.2

168
78
90

116
59
57

68.8

108
56
52

64.3
71.9
57.8

8

210

71.8
75.9
56.8

141
345

67.1
74.3
54.7

10

464
158

151
352
90

7
3

3.9

2.2

4,768
2,229
2,539
383

3,165
1,740
1,426
199

66.4
78.0
56.2
52.0

2,922
1,605
1,317
160

61.3
72.0
51.9
41.9

243
134
109
39

7.7
7.7
7.6
19.4

7.2
7.0
6.9
16.4

66

6

Charlotte-GastoniaRock Hill MSA

75.6
63.0

86

5

7
3

3
5

8.1

10.6

5.9

- 3.4
- 3.2
- 4.2
- 15.3

6.5
4.9

4.5
2.4
5.0

- 8.5
- 7.4
- 11.4

4.8
1.5

-

8.2

6.4
2.1

1.6

8.1

2.7
5.5

Chicago PMSA

Total ....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

97

- 8.2
- 8.4
- 8.4
- 22.4

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Employment
Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Chicago PMSA—Continued
68.2

1,859
271

2,404
1,343
1,061
160

80.6
57.1
58.9

2,278
1,271
1,008
142

64.6
76.3
54.2
52.2

126
73
53
18

5.2
5.4
5.0
11.4

4.7
4.7
4.3

Black ..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,077
482
595
104

649
334
315
37

60.3
69.3
53.0
35.7

538
276
262
17

49.9
57.1
44.1
16.5

112

17.2
17.6
16.8
53.7

15.4
15.0
14.3
41.9

- 19.0
- 20.1
- 19.4
- 65.5

Hispanic origin.................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

410
215
195

268
176
92

65.4
82.1
47.0

244
161
83

59.6
75.0
42.7

24
15

8.9
8.7
9.1

6.8

6.3
5.6

- 10.9
- 11.2
- 12.6

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.......................................

1,451
2,399
917

1,020

70.3
69.2
52.9

892
1,589
441

61.5

1,661
485

127
72
44

12.5
4.3
9.1

11.4
3.8
7.7

- 13.6
- 4.9
- 10.5

Total ....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,077
508
569
96

723
394
. 329
55

67.1
77.6
57.8
57.3

680
373
307
46

63.2
73.5
53.9
48.2

43

5.9
5.3

-

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

916
427
489
80

615
337
278
48

67.2
79.0
56.9
60.4

588
323
266
42

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

153
75
78

103
53
50

67.3
70.0
64.6

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2......................................

274
616
188

190
431

Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,444
685
759
103

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

3,525
1,666

66.2

48.1

59
53
20

8

8.6

- 5.7
- 6.1
- 5.7
- 14.1

Cincinnati PMSA

22

6.6

9

15.8

5.0
4.1
5.2
10.7

64.2
75.6
54.3
52.9

27
15

4.4
4.3
4.4
12.5

3.5
3.1
3.1
7.5

- 5.2
- 5.5
- 5.8
- 17.5

87
47
41

57.2
62.2
52.4

15

14.9

10.8

6

11.1

6.1

9

18.9

12.3

- 19.0
- 16.1
- 25.4

69.3
70.0
54.5

171
413
96

62.4
67.1
51.3

19
18

10.0

7.7
3.1
3.5

- 12.3
- 5.1
- 8.4

917
511
405
56

63.5
74.7
53.4
54.5

850
471
379
47

58.8

67
40
27
9

7.3
7.9

6.4

6.6

5.4
11.5

-

1,169
559
610
83

748
421
327
49

64.0
75.3
53.7
59.4

705
393
312
41

60.3
70.4
51.1
49.8

43
27
16

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

260
118
142

158
85
74

60.8
71.6
51.9

135
72
63

51.8
61.0
44.2

23
13

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

378
814
252

262
546
109

69.3
67.1
43.1

230
518

61.0
63.7
40.0

32
28

Total ....................................................................
Men ...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

986
467
519
77

685
373
312
46

69.5
79.8
60.2
60.2

652
352
300
41

66.1

33

75.5
57.7
53.7

20

White.................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

866

415
451
67

607
335
272
41

70.0
80.7
60.3
60.9

582
319
263
36

67.2
76.9
58.2
54.3

Black..................................................................
Men..................................................................
Women............................................................

107
45
62

69
33
36

64.6
73.3
58.3

62
29
32

57.5
64.4
52.5

102

21

12
6

6

4.1
5.9

6.9
6.5
8.1
21.0

Cleveland PMSA

101

68.8

49.9
45.5

8

16.6
5.8
6.5
4.8
16.2

6.6

4.9
5.3
3.6
10.8

8.2

9.1
7.9
21.6

- 6.6
- 7.8
- 6.0
- 21.5

14.8
14.8
14.8

11.6

12.0

10.0

5.1
7.1

4.1
4.6

4.8
5.5
4.1

4.0
4.2
2.9

10.8

6.1

25
16
9
4

4.1
4.7
3.4
10.9

3.3
3.5

2.2
5.9

- 4.9
- 5.9
- 4.5
- 15.9

8

11.0

4
4

12.2

6.7
5.8
4.2

- 15.2
- 18.7
- 15.4

11

8

10.4
10.1

- 18.1
- 19.2
- 19.6
- 14.1
- 6.1
- 9.7

Columbus, Ohio MSA

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

98

13
5

9.8

- 5.7
- 6.7
- 5.3
- 15.5

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

institutional
population

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force

Number

population

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate

Columbus, Ohio MSA—Continued

Married, spouse present ...............................

237
584
165

178
413
94

75.2
70.7
57.0

164
399
90

68.9
68.3
54.4

15
14
4

8.3
3.4
4.6

2,727
1,370
1,357

76.9

1,952

86.6

1,100

67.0
61.6

851

220

2,096
1,187
909
136

110

71.6
80.3
62.7
49.9

144
87
58
26

6.9
7.3
6.3
18.9

2,226
1,128
1,098
169

1,695
980
715
108

76.2
65.2
63.8

1,596
920
676
91

71.7
81.5
61.6
53.7

99
60
39
17

438

349
176
173

79.7
84.1
75.8

306
151
155

70.0
71.9

43
26
17

12.3
14.5

229
157
72

78.6
91.6
60.0

209
144
65

71.5
83.6
54.1

21

14
7

1,549
491

569
1,172
355

82.7
75.7
72.4

514
1,113
325

74.8
71.8
66.2

701
318
383

457
242
215

65.2
75.9
56.3

434
226
208

628
288
339

410
190

65.4
76.5
55.9

72

46

6.2

2.5
2.4

- 10.5
- 4.3
- 6.8

Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA

Men....................................................................

210

228
292
172
120

688

Married, spouse present ................................

6.4
5.3
14.9

- 7.6
- 8.2
- 7.3
- 23.0

5.2
5.2
4.5
11.5

-

9.9
10.9
7.0

- 14.6
- 18.0
- 13.0

9.0
8.7
9.8

6.6

- 11.5
- 11.6
- 14.4

55
59
30

9.6
5.1
8.5

8.1

62.0
71.1
54.4

23
15
7

4.9
6.3
3.3

3.9
4.7

393
208
184

62.6
72.2
54.4

18

63.6

41

56.8
64.3
64.7
51.6

86.8

68.2

5.9
6.1

5.5
15.8

10.0

6.2

5.8
5.2

4.3

6.6

7.0
6.6
20.0

- 11.1
- 5.8
- 10.3

Dayton-Sprlngfield MSA

White..................................................................

221

6.0

2.1

-

4.3
5.6
2.7

3.2
4.0
1.5

-

5.3
7.2
3.9

5

10.6

5.5

- 15.7

9

7.9
4.0
3.8

5.3

- 10.5
- 5.3
- 6.1

6.2

5.3
5.5
4.3

12

5

162
398
141

113
268
76

69.8
67.4
53.7

105
257
73

1,405
675
730
109

1,036
564
472
67

73.7
83.4
64.8
61.7

972
526
446
55

69.2
77.8
61.2
50.7

64
38
26

1,289
617
672
96

952
516
436
58

73.8
83.5
64.9
60.7

897
482
414
49

69.5
78.1
61.6
51.0

55
33
9

5.8
6.5
5.0
16.0

78

57

73.5

51

65.6

6

11

3

2.8

1.5

8.0

4.6

Denver-Boulder CMSA

Total ....................................................................

22

70.4
84.7

51

63.6
75.5

9

68

95
57

86

347
791
267

269
590
177

77.4
74.7
66.3

242
563
167

69.7
71.2
62.4

27
27

3,324
1,571
1,753
304

2,133
1,176
957
178

64.2
74.8
54.6
58.6

1,953
1,072
881
143

58.8

180
104
76
35

135

Single (never married) ...................................

12

6

10

6.8

5.5
17.9

12.6

- 7.1
- 8.0
- 6.8
- 23.1

10.6

- 6.7
- 7.7
- 6.2
- 21.4

10.8

5.7

- 15.9

9.7
10.9

6.0

5.8

- 13.5
- 15.9

10.0

7.9

-

12.0

4.6
5.8

3.8

-

7.8

8.4

7.8

8.8

8.0

7.9
19.7

7.1
16.9

- 9.0
- 9.6
- 8.7
- 22.5

4.9
5.2
3.8

Detroit PMSA

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

99

68.2

50.3
47.0

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian non­
institutional
population

Area and population group

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Employment
Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Detroit PMSA—Continued

White.....................................................
Men.......................................................
Women.................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..............

.
.
.
.

2,587
1,236
1,351

Black.....................................................
Men.......................................................
Women................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.............

.
.
.
.

221

1,711
956
755
142

77.3
55.9
64.2

1,615
897
718
125

62.4
72.6
53.1
56.4

96
59
37
17

12.1

672
302
370
78

381
195
186
34

56.7
64.7
50.2
44.3

299
152
148
17

44.5
50.2
39.9
21.3

82
44
38
18

21.4
22.3
20.5
52.0

19.2
19.1
17.3
41.3

-

977
1,731
616

711
1,113
309

72.8
64.3
50.1

609
1,060
284

62.4
61.2
46.0

102

14.3
4.7

13.0
4.1
6.7

- 15.5
- 5.4
- 9.7

Total .................................................
Men.................................................
Women ...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ........

966
456
510
52

585
323
262
36

60.6
70.9
51.3
68.5

558
310
248
33

57.8
67.9
48.7
62.7

27
14
13
3

4.6
4.2
5.1
8.4

3.7
3.0
3.7
3.6

- 5.5
- 5.3
- 6.6
- 13.1

White................................................
Men.................................................
Women.........................................

854
401
454

506
281
225

59.2
70.1
49.7

488
270
217

57.1
67.5
47.8

18

3.6
3.7
3.6

2.8

2.5
2.3

-

Black................................................
Men................................................
Women ............................................

100

70
38
32

70.0
75.4
64.5

62
35
27

61.8
69.2
54.2

8

11.8

51
50

3
5

8.2

7.4
3.2

16.0

8.6

Hispanic origin...............................

54

39

72.3

39

71.2

1

1.5

-.6

-

3.6

Single (never married) .................
Married, spouse present .............
Other marital status2.....................

216
543
208

175
313
98

80.9
57.7
47.1

162
303
94

75.0
55.8
45.1

13

7.3
3.3
4.2

5.2
2.3

-

9.3
4.3

Total...........................................
Men...........................................
Women ....................................

826
397
429

581
308
273

70.4
77.8
63.6

568
301
267

68.7
75.8
62.2

14

2.4
2.5

1.6

8
6

2.2

1.2

-

3.1
3.5
3.2

White.........................................
Men..........................................
Women....................................

763
366
397

533
283
250

69.9
77.4
62.9

522
277
245

68.4
75.9
61.6

11

2.1

1.4

6

2.0

1.1

5

2.1

1.1

-

2.7
3.0
3.1

Black..........................................

57

44

77.3

41

72.4

3

6.4

1.9

-

10.8

Single (never married) ............
Married, spouse present ...... .
Other marital status2..............

225
469
132

174
331
77

77.1
70.5
58.7

166
327
75

73.6
69.6
57.1

8

4.5

-

1.9
4.8

Total ............................................
Men............................................
Women.....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

2,376
1,149
1,227
197

1,698
955
743
96

71.5
83.1
60.5
48.5

1,539
865
674
73

White..........................................
Men...........................................
Women.....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..

1,859
904
955
148

1,341
764
577
74

72.1
84.5
60.4
49.8

Black .........................................
Men...........................................
Women.....................................

408
192
216

284
148
136

69.5
76.8
63.0

Single (never married)........................
Married, spouse present....................
Other marital status2...........................

66.1

53
25

5.6
6.1

4.9

8.2

5.1
5.4
4.2
9.5

- 6.1
- 6.9
- 5.7
- 14.7
23.7
25.6
23.7
62.8

Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA

10
8

10

4

2.1

4.5
4.8
4.9

- 16.1
- 13.2
- 23.4

6.2

Hartford-New BrltalnMiddletown CMSA

1.5

4

1.2

2.7
.5

2

2.7

.6

64.8
75.3
54.9
36.9

159
90
69
23

9.4
9.4
9.3
23.8

8.5
8.3

1,253
711
542
61

67.4
78.7
56.7
40.9

88

6.6

53
35
13

6.9

220

53.9
59.9
48.6

64
33
31

6.2

Houston PMSA

115
105

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

100

6.1

8.0

18.6
5.7
5.8
4.9

17.9

12.6

22.4

19.0
17.3
18.0

22.0

22.9

- 10.2
- 10.6
- 10.6
- 28.9
- 7.4
- 8.0
- 7.3
- 23.3
- 25.9
- 26.7
- 27.9

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

institutional
population

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force
Area and population group

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rale

16

9.0
10.5

Error range of
rate1

Houston PMSA—Continued
223
132
91

64.3
77.4
51.7

22

6

6.6

355
965
218

60.2
68.7
57.3

68

66.1

610
318
292
39

65.5
73.2
58.8
52.6

544
291
254

69.1
78.8
60.5

519
275
244

65.9
74.7
58.1

25
15

102

41
47

62.6
63.4
62.0

14

47
55

72.7
73.3
72.2

88

Women.............................................................

140
64
76

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

208
538
187

163
374
113

78.4
69.5
60.6

141
362
108

67.8
67.3
57.9

22

Total ....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,160
560
600
82

850
460
390
53

73.3
82.1
65.1
64.4

799
434
365
43

68.9
77.5
60.8
52.7

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

981
475
505

715
387
327
43

72.9
81.6
64.7
65.4

683
371
312
37

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

164
78

125
67
58

76.3
86.3
67.2

245
147
98

70.7

Women.............................................................

347
170
177

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.......................................

590
1,406
380

423
1,023
252

71 8
72.8

Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

932
435
497
75

650
340
310
50

69.7
78.1
62.4

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

788
369
420

Black..................................................................

Hispanic origin.................................................

86.6

55.4

66.1

6.6

7.2
3.3

- 11.4
- 13.9
- 9.9

16.1
5.6
13.3

14.0
4.7
10.7

- 18.3
- 6.5
- 15.9

39

6.1

22

6.4
5.7
20.4

4.9
4.7
4.1
13.5

- 7.2
- 8.0
- 7.4
- 27.4

4.6
5.2
3.9

3.5
3.6
2.4

-

13.8
13.4
14.2

9.2
6.7
7.8

- 18.4
- 20.2
- 20.5

13.6
3.3
4.4

10.3

- 16.9
- 4.4
- 6.8

51
25
26

6.0

5.1
4.3
5.1

10

18.2

12.2

69.7
78.2
61.7
55.8

31
16
15

4.4
4.2
4.7
14.7

3.5
3.0
3.4
8.7

-

108
59
49

65.8
75.6
56.9

17

13.8
12.4
15.4

9.9
7.4
9.4

- 17.6
- 17.4
- 21.3

69.9
71.4
58.6

24
17

11.0

8.6

3.4

10

8.2

2.5
5.4

- 13.4
- 4.3
- 11.0

57
33

Indianapolis MSA
Total ....................................................................

18
10

10

6
8

12

5

2.1
2.0

5.7
6.8

5.4

Kansas City MSA

66

86

6

8

9

5.5
6.6

- 6.9
- 6.7
- 8.0
- 24.1
5.3
5.3
6.0
20.8

272
691
197

214
511
126

78.5
73.9
63.8

190
494
115

Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................

6,358
3,062
3,296
511

4,224
2,396
1,827
231

66.4
78.2
55.4
45.2

3,976
2,255
1,719
194

62.5
73.6
52.2
37.9

248
141
108
37

5.9
5.9
5.9
16.2

5.5
5.4
5.3
13.7

- 6.3
- 6.4
- 6.5
- 18.7

White.................................................................

5,077
2,485
2,592
392

3,383
1,968
1,415
188

66.6

79.2
54.6
48.0

3,197
1,865
1,332
159

63.0
75.1
51.4
40.6

186
103
83
29

5.5
5.2
5.9
15.5

5.1
4.7
5.2
12.7

- 5.9
- 5.8
- 6.5
- 18.2

653
288
365

411
204
208

63.0
70.7
57.0

366
176
190

56.1
61.3
51.9

45
27
18

11.1

9.3

13.4

10.6

8.8

6.6

- 12.8
- 16.1
- 11.1

1,922
955
966
204

1,288
795
493
89

67.0
83.3
51.0
43.5

1,194
741
453
74

62.1
77.5
46.9
36.5

95
55
40
14

7.4
6.9
16.2

6.5
5.9
6.7
11.7

64.8
64.8
52.3

122

8.8

8.0

85
42

3.9
6.5

3.4
5.5

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................
Los AngelesLong Beach PMSA

Black.................................................................

Other marital status2......................................

1,953
3,247
1,158

1,387
2,188
647

71.0
67.4
55.9

1,265
2,103
605

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

101

8.1

- 8.2
- 7.9
- 9.5
- 20.7
-

9.6
4.3
7.5

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by
sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian abor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Error range of
rate1

Rate

Louisville MSA

Men................................................
Women ....................................
White...............................
Men............................................

662
315
347

492
273
219

66.7
78.0
56.5

256
203

62.2
73.1
52.4

33
17
16

448
250
198

67.7
79.4
57.0

64.2
75.6
54.0

23

238
187

46.1
61.8
64.2
57.8

74

44

59.7

169
409
160

120

274
98

71.3
67.0
60.9

Total ...............................................
Men...............................
Women ...................................

714
337

256

White.........................................
Men.................................

414

Single (never married) .........................

104
262

6.6

7.2

5.3
4.5
5.2

-

7.9
7.9
9.2

5.0
4.8
5.4

3.8
3.2
3.5

-

6.3
6.3
7.3

10

22.7

14.5

- 30.9

16

13.3
4.2
5.2

9.8

- 16.9
- 5.6
- 7.8

12
11

12

5

6.2

2.8
2.6

Memphis MSA

58.7
75.8
55.9

213

283
157
125

68.3
78.4
58.8

293
133
161

95
83

60 9
71.8
51.9

178
379
157

268
77

49.4

677
755
103

515

(T C
76.0

1,135
537
599

751
411
340

66.2

76.6
56.8

716
394
322

Black..........................................
Men..... ..........................................
Women........................................

280
132
148

181

64.6
75.5
54.8

Hispanic oriain....................................
Men........................................
Women.....................................

723
354
370

486
279
207

78.8
56.0

365
753
314

234
529
177

64.2
70.3
56.3

1,052
510
542
75

722
407
315
50

937
457
480
64

647
369
278
44

Men...................................................................
Women...........................................

Married, spouse present ........................

201

273
152
121

75
66

120

92
259

68.2

47
26

50.1

22

10.3

65.9
75.7
56.6

10

48.2
56.5
41.3

37

10.2

8.5
7.8
7.7

- 11.9
- 12.4
- 12.9

3.6
3.4
3.7

2.2

-

17

20.9
21.4
20.4

16.8
15.7
14.3

- 25.1
- 27.2
- 26.4

51.6
68.3
43.2

28
9

23.6
3.5

19.0

10

12.6

8.0

- 28.3
- 4.8
- 17.2

61.9
71.8
52.9

54
28
26

5.8
5.5
6.1

5
5

20

10.1

1.6

1.7

2.1

4.9
5.2
5.8

Miami-Hialeah PMSA

Total ............................................
Men....................................................................
Women .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 vears.............
White...................................
Men.........................................
Women.............................................

Single (never married) ..........................
Other marital status2...........................

6

17.2

5.0
4.4
4.9
10.9

63.1
73.4
53.8

35
17
18

4.7
4.2
5.3

3.9
3.1
4.0

-

162
89
73

57.8
67.2
49.5

19

10.4

11

11.0

8

9.6

7.8
7.5
5.9

- 12.9
- 14.6
- 13.3

458
264
193

63.3
74.8
52.3

28
14
14

5.8
5.1

4.6
3.7
4.7

-

211

57.7
67.7
52.7

24
19

10.1

8.1

3.7
6.3

2.8

166

4.4

-

679
380
298
44

64.5
74.5
55.1
58.6

43
26
17

5.9
6.5
5.3
12.9

4.9
5.0
3.7
7.2

- 7.0
- 7.9
- 6.8
- 18.7

65.8
76.5
55.6
64.0

30
19

69.4

617
350
267
41

3.6
3.8
2.3

3

4.6
5.2
3.7
7.8

- 5.6
- 6.7
- 5.1
- 12.7

57

53.7

13

18.6

12.2

- 24.9

73.5
70.2
52.5

180
429
70

65.5
67.9

22

481

6

10.9
3.3
8.4

8.2

- 13.6
- 4.3
- 12.3

487

37

100

81

•

11

6.6

- 6.5
- 6.5
- 7.3
- 23.6
5.5
5.2
6.5

6.9
6.6
8.6

12.1

4.5
8.1

Milwaukee PMSA

Women ............................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 vears ....
White........................................
Men....................................

Black.............................................

106

70
202

Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status2..................

274
632
146

443
77

67.3

80.8

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

102

6

10

14
.

2.8

2.2

4.5

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

institutional
population

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force
Area and population group

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate1

Number

Rate

66

5.0
5.6
4.3
12.4

4.2
4.5
3.2

4.4
5.0
3.6

3.6
3.9

Mlnneapolis-St. Paul MSA
Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,765
853
912
126

1,322
708
614
97

74.9
83.0
67.3
76.4

1,256
588
85

71.2
78.3
64.5
66.9

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,648
798
851

1,247

75.6
83.7

579

68.0

88

78.9

72.4
79.6
65.6
70.4

54
33

112

1,192
635
558
79

10

10.8

6.6

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

518
969
278

427
733
162

82.5
75.6
58.2

394
707
155

76.1
73.0
55.7

33
26
7

7.8
3.5
4.1

6.1

2,019
982
1,037
168

1,375
785
590

68.1

1,338
765
572
83

66.2

37
20

2.7
2.5
2.9
5.5

2.2

77.9
55.2
49.6

668

668

39
26
12

21

8.1

2.6

2.6
2.1

- 5.7
- 6.7
- 5.3
- 16.6
- 5.1
- 6.1
- 4.6
- 15.0
-

9.4
4.4

-

3.2
3.1
3.6

-

3.0
3.0
3.4
7.2

-

10.8

6.2

Nassau-Suffolk PMSA
Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..........................

88

80.0
56.8
52.5

17
5

2.0
2.2

3.0

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,865
913
952
152

1,268
733
535
83

68.0

80.3
56.2
54.5

1,236
715
520
79

66.3
78.4
54.6
51.9

32
17
14
4

2.5
2.4
2.7
4.8

2.1

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

118
53

84
40
44

71.0
75.9
67.0

79
37
42

66.9
71.0
63.5

5
3

5.8
6.5
5.2

3.0

66

2

1.8
2.0

2.4

2.1

1.5

8.0

8.6

8.9

Hispanic origin.................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

103
53
50

83
48
35

80.8
91.4
69.7

79
46
33

77.1
87.2
66.4

4
2

4.7
4.6
4.7

2.1

Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

550
1,226
243

405
851
118

73.7
69.4
48.8

387
837
114

70.3

19
14
4

4.6
1.7
3.7

3.5

47.0

975
454
521

600
342
258

61.5
75.3
49.5

537
305
232

55.1
67.3
44.5

63
36
26

10.4
10.7

8.8

10.1

7.7

8.9
9.2
8.4

7.1

14.2
14.7
13.7

10.7
9.7

15.4
7.2
12.4

12.0

8.1

- 18.8
- 9.0
- 16.6

68.2

2

1.3
.8

1.2

1.9

-

7.2

-

5.7

8.0

8.7

2.1

5.5

New Orleans MSA
Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

655
318
336

407
241
166

62.1
75.6
49.4

371
219
152

56.6
68.7
45.2

36

159
83
76

51.7
63.6
43.0

26
14

22

14

8.6

6.8

5.6

- 12.0
- 12.8
- 12.5
- 10.7
- 11.6
- 11.1
- 17.8
- 19.8
- 18.8

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

308
130
178

186
97
89

60.3
74.6
49.8

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.......................................

285
507
184

179
327
94

62.7
64.5
51.4

151
303
83

53.1
59.9
45.1

27
23

Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................

6,737
3,024
3,713
496

3,869
2,130
1,739
151

57.4
70.4
46.8
30.4

3,661
2,006
1,655
126

54.3
66.4
44.6
25.5

207
123
84
24

5.4
5.8
4.8
16.1

5.0
5.3
4.3
13.2

- 5.7
- 6.3
- 5.3
- 19.1

White.................................................................
Men..................................................................
Women............................................................

4,859
2,213
2,646
318

2,771
1,578
1,193
105

57.0
71.3
45.1
33.2

2,648
1,504
1,144
91

54.5

122

68.0

43.2
28.7

74
49
14

4.4
4.7
4.1
13.4

4.0
4.1
3.5

- 4.8
- 5.2
- 4.7
- 16.7

1,506
632
873
154

856
414
443
41

56.9
65.4
50.7
26.4

781
370
411
31

51.9
58.5
47.1
20.4

75
44
31
9

12

12

8.6

5.3

New York PMSA

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........................

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

103

8.8
10.6

7.1
23.0

10.1

7.7
8.9
5.8
15.5

- 9.8
- 12.2
- 8.4
- 30.6

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstltutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian noninstitutional
population

Area and population group

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate1

Number

New York PMSA—Continued

Hispanic origin..................................... .
Men....................................................... .
Women..................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...............

.
.
.
.

1,356
566
790
134

714
407
307
35

52.7
71.9
38.9
26.3

652
370
282
25

48.1
65.5
35.6
19.0

62
37
26

Single (never married).........................
Married, spouse present .....................
Other marital status2............................

.
.
.

2,281
3,030
1,426

1,372
1,901
596

60.1
62.7
41.8

1,262
1,833
566

55.3
60.5
39.7

Total......................................................
Men...................................................... .
Women .................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..............

.
.
.
.

1,484
700
784
127

1,003
547
456
67

67.6
78.2
58.2
52.9

960
524
436
59

64.7
74.8
55.6
46.5

44
24

White.....................................................
Men......................................................
Women........ .......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years............

.
.
.

1,187
573
613
92

803
451
352
53

67.7
78.7
57.3
57.9

778
437
341
49

65.6
76.2
55.6
52.7

Black.....................................................
Men......................................................
Women................................................

262

174
82
92

66.3
75.0
60.1

156
73
82

59.4
66.7
54.1

18
9
9

10.5

8.2

11.0
10.0

7.6
7.0

- 12.7
- 14.4
- 13.1

Hispanic origin ....................................
Men......................................................
Women................................................

122

76
44
32

62.8
82.8
47.2

71
41
30

58.8
78.1
43.8

5
3

6.4
5.8
7.3

3.7
2.4
3.0

- 9.1
- 9.1
- 11.7

Single (never married).......................
Married, spouse present ...................
Other marital status2..........................

442
798
244

314
562
128

71.0
70.4
52.4

289
550

65.4
68.9
49.5

25

7.9

6.5

12

2.2

1-6

7

5.4

3.6

-

9.2
2.7
7.2

Total...........................................
Men...........................................
Women .....................................

918
402
516

622
313
309

67.7
77.7
60.0

582
296
286

63.4
73.7
55.4

39
16
23

6.3
5.1
7.6

5.1
3.5
5.6

-

9.5

White.........................................
Men..........................................
Women....................................

552
249
303

364
198
166

65.9
79.6
54.7

349
190
159

63.3
76.5
52.4

15

4.0
3.9
4.1

2.7

-

6.2

Black.........................................
Men..........................................
Women....................................

349
146
203

243
107
136

69.8
73.7
67.0

220

23
7
17

6.1

2.8

119

63.2
69.3
58.8

12.2

8.2

Single (never married)..........
Married, spouse present ___
Other marital status2..............

238
521
159

163
367
92

68.5
70.4
58.0

137
358

57.3

88

55.6

27
9
4

16.3
2.5
4.2

12.6

68.6

Total............................................
Men............................................
Women.....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

1,498
731
767
98

1,043
568
475
62

69.6
77.8
61.9
63.6

993
542
452
51

66.3
74.1
58.9
52.0

50
27
23

4.8
4.7
4.9
18.2

3.9
3.5
3.6
11.7

White..........................................
Men...........................................
Women.....................................

1,137
547
590

797
431
366

70.1
78.7
62.1

763
413
350

67.1
75.5
59.4

34
18
16

4.2
4.2
4.3

3.3
2.9
2.9

-

5.2
5.5
5.8

Black..........................................
Men...........................................

178
93

120

67.2
75.0

111

70

62.3
70.1

9
5

7.3

65

3.9
2.3

-

11.0

Hispanic origin.........................
Men...........................................
Women....................................

144
67
77

106
53
53

73.2
78.8
68.4

97
48
48

67.0
72.1
62.5

9
5
5

4.7
3.0
3.0

- 12.5
- 14.1
- 14.1

Single (never married)............
Married, spouse present .......
Other marital status2...............

415
796
287

322
556
165

77.7
69.8
57.5

292
541
160

70.4
68.0

30
15
5

7.2
1.7
1.3

- 11.5
- 3.5
- 5.0

8.7
9.0
8.4
27.8

7.6
7.4
6.7
19.4

110

8.0

68

3.6
5.0

7.3
3.1
4.1

-

4.4
4.3
4.4

3.8
3.5
3.6

8

12.1

8.6

- 4.9
- 5.1
- 5.3
- 15.6

25
14

3.1
3.2
3.0
8.9

10

30

- 9.9
- 10.5
- 10.1
- 36.3
8.7
4.0
5.9

Newark PMSA

110

152

53
68

121

20

11

5

2

2.6

2.4
2.2

5.5

- 3.6
- 3.9
- 3.8
- 12.4

Norfolk-Virginia BeachNewport News MSA

,

101

8

7

9.5

2.1
2.1

6.8

1.4
1.5

7.6
6.8

5.4
5.7

- 12.1
- 9.3
- 16.1
-

20.1

3.5
6.9

Oakland PMSA

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

104

55.7

11

6.6

8.6
8.6
8.6

9.3
2.6

3.2

- 5.7
- 5.9
- 6.3
- 24.6

10.8

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Civilian noninstitutional
population

Area and population group

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force
Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate1

Number

Rate

6.4
7.3
5.4
15.2

5.3
5.6
3.8
8.9

_ 7.6
- 8.9
- 7.0
- 21.4

5.8
6.5
4.9

4.6
4.8
3.3

-

5.3

- 16.7

7.1
4.4

_ 13.3
- 7.1
6.6
-

Oklahoma City MSA
Total ......................................................
Men ......................................................
Women ................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years............

..............
.......

White...................................................
Men....................................................
Women..............................................

720
350
370
73
623
302
322

501
273
227
35
441
241
200

69.5
78.1
61.4
48.4
70.7
79.7
62.2

468
254
215
30

65.1
72.5
58.0
41.1

32

415
225
190

66.6

26
16

74.6
59.2

20
12

5

10

7.0
8.2

6.5

67

40

59.3

35

52.7

4

11.0

161
434
125

104
318
79

64.4
73.3
63.1

93
300
76

57.8
69.1
60.4

11

10.2

18
3

5.7
4.2

Total ......................................................
Men.....................................................
Women ...............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ............

3,753
1,731

2,348
1,268
1,080
139

62.6
73.3
53.4
51.2

2,248
1,217
1,031
126

59.9
70.3
51.0
46.2

100

4.3
4.1
4.5
9.8

3.8
3.5
3.8
7.2

_ 4.7
- 4.7
- 5.1
" 12.4

White...................................................
Men....................................................
Women..............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...........

2,999
1,395
1,604

1,918
1,054
864
119

64.0
75.6
53.9
56.6

1,852

61.8
73.2
51.8
51.6

66

3.4
3.1
3.8
8.9

3.0

_

6.6

Black...................................................
Single (never married) .....................
Married, spouse present .................
Other marital status2........................

.............

.............

1.8

Philadelphia PMSA

2,022

272

210

1,021

831
108

52
48
14

33
33
11

2.6

3.1
6.2

-

3.9
3.7
4.5
11.6

679
299
380

387
191
196

57.0
63.7
51.7

356
173
182

52.3
57.9
47.9

31
17
14

8.1

9.1
7.2

6.7
5.1

81

43

53.0

40

49.3

3

6.9

2.6

1,057

731
1,313
304

69.2
65.3
44.4

684
1,274
290

64.7
63.4
42.3

48
39
14

6.5
2.9
4.7

5.6
2.4
3.4

-

1,498
722
776
119

1,010

67.4
78.9
56.8
57.5

956
536
419
57

63.8
74.3
54.0
48.3

54
33

5.4
5.8
4.9
16.0

4.5
4.6
3.7
10.9

_
-

1,431
689
741

962
542
419

63.7
74.3
53.8
49.6

_

20
11

5.3
5.6
4.8
15.9

4.4
4.4
3.6

66

911
512
399
56

51
30

112

67.2
78.7
56.5
59.0

217

67.5
84.4
50.0

133
85
49

61.4
76.3
45.8

13
9
4

9.1
9.5
8.3

6.1

106

147
94
53

5.7
3.6

- 13.3
- 13.0

367
876
256

280
579
151

76.4

69.8
63.5
56.2

24
23

8.6

59.1

256
556
144

6.7
3.0
3.0

_
-

Total ....................................................
Men....................................................
Women ..............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...........

1,846
876
970

1,063
611
452
67

57.6
69.8
46.6
55.6

981
555
426
56

53.2
63.4
43.9
46.2

82
56
26

White..................................................
Men...................................................
Women.............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..........

1,730
828
902
113

995
578
417
64

57.5
69.8
46.2
56.4

921
527
394
53

53.2
63.7
43.7
46.9

74
51
23

104

59

56.5

51

48.8

8

Black...................................................
Men....................................................
Women..............................................
Hispanic origin...................................

.............

Single (never married) .....................
Married, spouse present .................
.............
Other marital status2........................
.............

2,011

685

_ 9.7
- 11.4
- 9.3
-

11.2

7.5
3.4
5.9

Phoenix MSA
Total .....................................................
Men.....................................................
Women ...............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ............
White...................................................
Men...................................................
Women.............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........
Hispanic origin..................................
Men...................................................
Women.............................................

.......

569
441
68

........
111

........

Single (never married) ....................
Married, spouse present ................
Other marital status2.......................

66.1

21
11

8

3.9
5.0

10.8

-

6.2

6.9
6.1
21.1

6.1

6.7
6.1
21.1

12.0

10.6

4.8
7.1

Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley
CMSA

Black..................................................

121

.......

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

105

11

11

7.7
9.2
5.7
17.0
7.4
8.8

5.5
16.9
13.5

6.8
8.0

4.5
12.1

6.5
7.5
4.3
11.9
8.2

8.6

_
- 10.5
6.9
- 21.8
_

-

8.3
10.0

6.7
21.8

- 18.8

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Employment
Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Plttsburgh-Beaver Valley
CMSA—Continued

Single (never married) ...
Married, spouse present
Other marital status2.....

438
1,078
330

296
637
131

67.6
59.1
39.6

259
604
118

59.2
56.0
35.8

37
33

Total...................................................
Men...................................................
Women .............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........

908
445
463
73

625
341
284
41

68.8

76.7
61.2
55.8

594
325
269
34

65.4
73.0
58.1
46.5

White.................................................
Men..................................................
Women............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years........

844
412
432
67

581
318
264
39

68.9
77.1
61.0
57.5

553
302
250
32

Single (never married) ...................
Married, spouse present ...............
Other marital status2......................

205
566
137

146
396
83

71.2
70.0
60.3

Total.....................................................
Men.....................................................
Women ...............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ............

874
410
464

597
317
280
44

White...................................................
Men....................................................
Women..............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years...........

838
395
443
64

Black...................................................
Single (never married) .....................
Married, spouse present ..................
Other marital status2.........................

12.4
5.2
9.5

10.3
4.2

31
16
14
7

4.9
4.8
5.1
16.8

4.0
3.5
3.6
10.5

- 5.9
- 6.0
- 6.5
- 23.1

65.5
73.4
58.0
47.7

28
15
13
7

4.9
4.8
5.0
17.0

3.9
3.5
3.5
10.5

- 5.9
- 6.1
- 6.5
- 23.6

132
384
77

64.5
67.9
56.6

14

68.3
77.3
60.4
65.0

574
305
269
39

573
306
267
43

68.3
77.4
60.2
67.1

27

18

223
507
144

170
358

1,498
729
769
107
,396
682
713

12

- 14.4
- 6.1
- 12.3

6.8

Portland, Ore. PMSA

9.3
3.0

6.7

12

5

6.2

3.3

- 11.9
- 4.0
- 9.1

65.7
74.3
58.0
56.8

23

3.9
3.9
3.8

6

12.6

3.3
3.1
3.0
9.2

- 4.4
- 4.7
- 4.7
- 16.1

552
295
257
38

65.9
74.7
58.0
58.9

21

3.6
3.6
3.6

3.1

5

12.2

8.7

- 4.2
- 4.3
- 4.4
- 15.7

67.0

16

59.2

2

11.6

5.8

- 17.4

76.3
70.7
47.3

160
350
64

71.5
69.0
44.7

11

6.2

4.9

9
4

2.4
5.6

3.6

-

959
564
396
54

64.1
77.3
51.5
50.4

905
530
374
42

60.4
72.8
48.7
38.8

55
33

5.7
5.9
5.5
23.1

4.7
4.6
3.9
15.6

886

528
358

63.5
77.4
50.1

836
497
339

59.9
72.8
47.6

50
32
18

5.6

4.6
4.6
3.6

-

301
164
137

209
140
69

69.5
85.5
50.4

198
134
63

65.6
81.8
46.1

12

3.4

- 7.9
- 6.7
- 13.2

290
926
282

210

594
155

72.5
64.1
55.0

186
574
144

64.2
62.0
51.3

24

Total...........................................
Men...........................................
Women ....................................

740
358
382

488
275
213

65.9
76.9
55.7

463
261

62.6
72.9
53.0

25
14

White..........................................
Men..........................................
Women....................................

684
334
350

455
259
196

66.5
77.7
55.8

433
247
186

63.3
73.9
53.2

22

Single (never married)...........
Married, spouse present .......
Other marital status2...............

201

408
131

146
275

72.5
67.2
51.8

132
266
65

65.7
65.2
49.9

14

2.1

Providence-PawtucketFall River CMSA

68

68

12
11

11
10

2.8
2.8

1.8

7.5
3.0
7.5

Riverside-San Bernardino
PMSA

Total

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........

Women.............................................

Married, spouse present ................
Other marital status2.......................

22

13

6
6

20
11

6.0

5.1
5.6
4.3
8.4

1.8

3.6

- 6.7
- 7.2
- 7.0
- 30.6
6.7
7.4
6.7

11.5
3.4
6.9

2.4
4.2

- 14.5
- 4.4
- 9.6

5.1
5.2
4.9

4.0
3.8
3.4

-

6.5
6.5

4.8
4.8
4.8

3.8
3.5
3.2

-

6.3

9.4
3.1
3.8

6.9

- 11.9
- 4.2
- 6.2

8.6

Rochester MSA

68

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

106

202

11

13
9

8

3

2.0

1.4

6.1

5.8
6.2

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstltutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

institutional
population

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force
Area and population group

Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate1

Number

Rate

49
27

7.4
7.9
6.9

6.0

Sacramento MSA

White..................................................................

9.9

5.0

-

5.6
5.9
4.1

-

10.0

8.5

3.6

- 13.4

12.3
4.9
7.9

9.1
3.4
4.3

- 15.6
- 6.4
- 11.5

77
44
33

6.4
6.7

8

12.0

5.6
5.5
4.8
7.3

- 7.3
- 7.9
- 7.3
- 16.7

63.1
74.4
53.0
56.0

50
32
18

4.8
5.4
4.0
9.2

4.0
4.3
2.9
4.8

- 5.6
- 6.5
- 5.1
- 13.7

44.1
49.7
40.5

27

66

15

18.7
19.4
18.1

14.3
12.7
12.3

- 23.1
- 26.1
- 23.9

66.7
51.6

279
685
156

59.6
64.5
47.3

40
23
14

12.5
3.2
8.3

10.3
2.4
5.7

- 14.8
- 4.0
- 10.8

70.7
81.0
60.7
71.7

458
259
199
39

66.6

29
16
13
7

5.9
5.8

5.0
4.7
4.7

15.0

11.0

- 6.7
- 6.9
- 7.2
- 19.0

439
249
190
37

66.5
76.8
56.6
61.8

26
14

5.7
5.5

12

6.0

6

15.0

4.9
4.4
4.7
10.9

- 6.5
- 6.5
- 7.2
- 19.1

10.9
10.3

6.1

- 15.7
- 16.0

9.7
3.9
8.9

7.6
3.0

7.3
6.7

608
319
289

61.1
54.6

21

75.7
58.6

530
283
247

62.1
69.7
55.1

40
24
16

7.1
7.9

94

66

70.1

60

64.2

6

241
567
187

180
376

158
358
92

65.6
63.1
49.4

22

100

74.8
66.4
53.6

1,858
857

1,197
655
541
69

64.4
76.4
54.1
53.5

1,120

611
509
60

60.3
71.3
50.8
47.1

100

1,045
585
460
62

66.3
78.7
55.2
61.7

995
553
441
56

266
103
163

144
64
81

54.2
61.7
49.4

117
51

468
1,062
329

319
708
170

68.2

688

487
275

995
465
530

657
347
310

66.0

854
406
448

570
308
262

66.8

74.5
58.6

68.6

19
8

6.0

6.0

8.8

8.8

8.5
8.0

St. Louis MSA

1,001

128
White

.......................................................

1,577
744
833

6

12

6.1

Salt Lake Clty-Ogden MSA

339
349
63

212

45

76.4
57.1
60.9

6.0

660
324
335
59

465
264
43

70.5
81.2
60.2
72.7

36

29
19

79.0
89.7

26
17

70.4
80.5

3

143
438
107

113
310
64

78.9
70.9
59.3

102

71.2

11

299
58

68.1

12

54.0

6

876
423
453

563
321
242

64.3
75.8
53.5

514
293

58.6
69.3
48.6

50
28

8.8

22

9.1

6.8

- 10.3
- 10.5
- 11.3

821
399
422

524
302

63.8
75.6
52.6

478
276

58.2
69.1
48.0

46
26

8.7
8.7

20

8.8

7.2
6.7
6.5

-

32

12.2

20

12.7
11.3

9.5
9.3
7.3

- 14.8
- 16.2
- 15.3

9.9
4.7

- 17.1
- 8.0
- 14.1

22

202

2

4.6

6.2

-

11.8

4.7
11.6

San Antonio MSA

White.................................................................

222

202

431
214
217

267
159
107

61.9
74.5
49.5

234
139
95

54.4
65.0
43.9

196
503
177

133
326
104

67.7
64.8
59.0

115
305
93

58.6
60.7
52.8

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

220

107

J_ _ _ _

12

18
21
11

8.6

13.5
6.4
10.4

6.8

10.2
10.6
11.1

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate’

Number

San Diego MSA

Total ...................................................................
Men ...............................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,599
756
843
113

1,018
560
459
59

63.7
74.0
54.4
51.8

963
531
432
51

60.2
70.2
51.2
45.2

55
28
27

White.................................................................
Men..............................................................
Women...................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,444
685
760

918
509
410
54

63.6
74.3
53.9
53.3

871
484
387
47

60.3
70.7
50.9
46.0

Hispanic origin.................................................
Men.....................................................
Women............................................................

246
125

169
106
63

68.5
84.6
51.9

157
98
59

Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

387
896
316

281
554
184

72.5
61.8
58.2

Total ....................................................................
Men..............................................
.
Women ...................................................... .......

1,306
644
662

908
493
415

White..................................................
Men..............................................................
Women............................................................

958
470
488

666

Black............................................................
Hispanic origin.................................................
Men............................................
Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

5.4
5.1
5.9
12.9

4.5
3.8
4.4
7.0

- 6.4
- 6.3
- 7.4
- 18.7

48
25
23
7

5.2
4.8
5.7
13.8

4.2
3.6
4.1
7.6

-

63.6
78.1
48.6

12

7.2
7.6
6.4

4.3
3.9

- 10.0
- 11.3
- 10.9

259
532
172

66.9
59.4
54.4

22

69.5
76.6
62.6

861
464
397

65.9
72.1
59.9

366
300

69.5
77.8
61.5

642
352
290

105

75

71.3

158
85

118
72

391
665
250

Total ...................................................................
Men ...................................................................
Women .............................................................

102

121

8

8

4

7.7
3.9
6.5

47
29
18

67.0
74.8
59.5

24
14

65

61.3

74.5
83.9

110

65

69.4
76.6

294
468
146

75.2
70.4
58.3

270
451
140

69.0
67.9
55.9

24
16

1,062
534
528

762
438
324

71.7
82.1
61.3

723
418
305

68.1

38

78.3
57.8

20

White.........................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

851
424
427

604
347
258

71.0
81.7
60.3

576
333
243

Hispanic origin .................................................
Men..................................................

142
73

101

61

70.9
83.8

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

319
578
165

245
414
103

Total ....................................................................
Men ..................................................................
Women ........................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,387
678
709
105

White...................................................
Men............................................................
Women..................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

2.0

5.6

6.2
6.1

7.2
20.0

4.1

-

9.8
5.0
8.9

5.1
5.8
4.3

4.1
4.4
2.9

-

7.3
5.6

3.6
3.9
3.3

2.6

-

4.6
5.2
4.7

11

14.0

8.1

-

20.0

8

6.9
8.7

3.6
3.9

- 10.2
- 13.5

8.3
3.5
4.1

6.1

2.3
1.9

- 10.4
- 4.6
- 6.2

18

5.0
4.6
5.6

4.0
3.3
3.9

-

7.3

67.7
78.6
56.9

28
13
15

4.6
3.8
5.7

3.5
2.4
3.8

-

5.8
5.2
7.7

93
57

65.0
78.7

8

8.3

4

6.1

4.4
1.7

- 12.3
- 10.4

76.7
71.7
62.2

229
399
96

71.7
69.0
58.1

16
16
7

6.5
3.8
6.7

4.4
2.5
3.4

-

991
546
445
71

71.5
80.6
62.8
67.7

932
512
420
58

67.2
75.5
59.2
55.6

60
34
25
13

6.0

5.0
4.9
4.2

- 7.0
- 7.7
- 7.1
- 23.8

1,205
591
614
78

864
479
384
56

71.7
81.2
62.5
71.9

818
451
367
49

67.9
76.4
59.7
62.2

46
28
18

Black................................................................

83

58

69.5

48

57.3

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.............................

347
787
253

276
551
164

79.5
70.0
65.0

244
531
157

70.3
67.5
62.1

22
12

2.8

San Francisco PMSA

10

6

6

2.5
1.9

6.1

San Jose PMSA

6.1
6.0

8.6

5.0
10.0

Seattle PMSA

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

108

6.3
5.6
18.0

12.1

5.3
5.9
4.6
13.4

4.3
4.5
3.2
7.6

- 6.3
- 7.3
- 6.0
- 19.3

10

17.6

10.3

- 24.9

32

11.6

9.1

20

3.7
4.5

2.6

- 14.1
- 4.7
- 6.6

8

7

2.4

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Employment
Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Tampa-St. PetersburgCiearwaler MSA
Total ....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...........................

1,588
740
848
108

989
523
466
69

62.3
70.7
54.9
64.2

934
497
438
59

58.8
67.1
51.6
54.7

54
27
28

5.5
5.1

10

14.8

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Botn sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,421
670
751
89

863
469
394
60

60.7
70.0
52.5

819
446
373
53

57.6

44
23

49.7
59.5

21

5.1
4.9
5.3

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

144
60
84

108
46
62

75.2
77.9
73.4

98
43
55

68.5
72.5
65.6

10

Hispanic origin .................................................
Men...................................................................

77
41

54
34

70.2
81.1

48
30

62.8
72.6

6

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.......................................

334
911
343

260
538
191

77.8
59.1
55.6

238
519
177

Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women ..............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

2,736
1,340
1,396

2,073
1,109
964
129

75.8
82.8
69.1
60.8

2,003
1,074
929

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,975
980
995
141

1,501
823
678
92

76.0
84.0

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

639
298
341

485
239
246

Hispanic origin.................................................
Men...................................................................

91
43

Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

863
1,446
427

Total ....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women ..............................................................

66.8

66.6

7

6.0

11.1

-

4.8
4.1
4.9
10.5

- 6.3
- 6.1
- 7.1
- 19.2

4.3
3.9
4.2
6.9

- 5.9
- 6.0
- 6.5
- 15.2
- 12.1
- 11.0
- 15.0

9.0
6.9

5.9
2.7

10.6

6.2

4

10.5
10.4

5.8
4.6

- 15.1
- 16.3

71.4
56.9
51.6

21

8.1

6.4

20

2.8

14

3.7
7.2

-

73.2
80.2
66.5
52.7

70
35
35
17

3.4
3.2
3.7
13.4

74.2
82.3
66.3
59.2

35
16
19
9

2.3
2.7
9.3

2.0

65.3

1,466
807
659
83

5.9

- 2.8
- 2.5
- 3.5
- 12.7

75.9
80.3
72.2

453
223
230

70.9
74.8
67.5

32
16
16

6.7

5.3
4.9
4.6

-

8.4

75
39

82.6
92.3

73
38

79.9
89.3

3

3.4
3.2

.9

-

6.6

688

1,095
290

79.8
75.7
67.9

647
1,076
280

75.0
74.4
65.6

41
19
10

1.7
3.4

585
258
327

330
169
161

56.4
65.5
49.2

298
152
145

50.9
59.0
44.5

32
17
15

10.0

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

240

129
72
57

53.8
65.6
43.9

124
69
54

51.7
63.0
42.0

5
3

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................

340
145
195

197
95

58.1
65.6
52.5

170
81
89

50.1
55.9
45.9

27
14
13

13.7
14.8
12.7

Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.......................................

216

135

15.3
4.2
9.0

11.7

120

53.1
54.6
43.0

21

210

115
114

3
7

5.2

9.9
4.5
9.1

Washington D.C. MSA

212

68.1

112

1

2.0

6.8

6.5

6.0

2.9
2.6

3.0
10.0

1.9
1.4

-.1

5.0
1.3
2.2

- 3.8
- 3.7
- 4.3
- 16.7

-

8.0
8.8

5.8

7.0
2.2

4.5

Baltimore central city

110

130

102

2

9.8
9.6
4.0
3.8
4.3

7.9
7.3
6.9

- 11.8
- 12.7
- 12.3

2.0

-

1.2
1.1

10.6
10.1

8.5

159

75

62.7
57.0
47.3

Total ....................................................................
Men ....................................................................
Women .......................... ...................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .........................

2,305
1,050
1,255
188

1,406
761
645
77

61.0
72.5
51.4
41.1

1,251
670
581
54

54.3
63.8
46.3
28.9

155
91
64
23

11.0

10.1

11.9
9.9
29.7

10.6

24.2

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women.............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,307
601
706
95

823
457
366
45

63.0
76.1
51.8
47.6

761
419
342
39

58.3
69.8
48.4
40.6

61
38
24
7

7.5
8.3
6.5
14.6

6.5
6.9
5.1
8.9

68

5
7

2.1

5.1

6.1

6.5
7.4

- 16.8
- 19.5
- 16.9
- 18.9
- 6.4
- 12.8

Chicago central city

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.6

- 11.9
- 13.2
- 11.2
- 35.1
-

8.5
9.7
7.9
20.2

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutlonal population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of
population

Employment
Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

Chicago central city—Continued
Black.................................................................
Men..............................................................
Women...........................................................

906
403
503

522
270
252

57.7
67.1
50.1

433
219
214

47.8
54.4
42.5

90
51
38

17.2
18.9
15.3

15.2
16.0
12.5

- 19.1
- 21.8
- 18.0

Men.................................................................
Women...........................................................

325
166
159

131
69

78.5
43.2

116
63

69.5
39.5

15

11.5

8.2

6

8.6

4.7

- 14.8
- 12.6

Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ..............................
Other marital status2.......................................

805
972
527

518
635
253

64.3
65.4
48.0

434
592
225

53.9
60.9
42.7

84
43
28

16.2

Total ....................................................................
Men ...................................................................
Women .............................................................

409
185
224

232
127
106

56.8
68.5
47.2

199
106
93

48.7
57.5
41.4

33

White..................................................................
Men..............................................................
Women.............................................................

219

57.3

112

68.6

118

125
69
56

59
53

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

189
83
106

107
57
50

Single (never married)...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2......................................

127
182

6.8

14.4
5.7

11.0

8.8

- 17.9
- 7.9
- 13.1

20

14.3
16.0

13

12.2

11.9
12.7
9.0

- 16.7
- 19.3
- 15.5

61.2

14

10.8

7.9

58.7
44.7

10

14.5

10.2

3

6.1

2.8

- 13.6
- 18.9
- 9.4

46.0
56.3
37.8

20

46.8

87
47
40

18.5
17.9
19.2

12.7

- 22.8
- 23.8
- 25.6

76
114
42

59.8
62.9
42.0

60
103
36

46.8
56.8
36.5

17

21.8

11

5

9.7
13.1

17.0
6.9
7.8

- 18.5

Cleveland central city

101

100

47.7
56.4
68.6

10
10

14.2
12.1

- 26.6
12.6

Dallas central city
Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women .............................................................

763
384
379

598
329
269

78.4
85.5
71.1

553
299
254

72.5
77.9
67.0

45
29
16

7.5
8.9
5.8

White.................................................................
Men..................................................................
Women............................................................

505
266
238

390
231
159

77.4
86.7
66.9

368
216
153

73.0
80.9
64.1

22

16
7

5.7
6.7
4.2

Black.................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

245
135

197
91
107

80.5
82.2
79.2

175
77
98

71.3
69.9
72.4

23
14
9

11.4
14.9
8.5

8.4
9.9
4.9

- 14.5
- 19.9
- 12.1

Hispanic origin .................................................
Men...................................................................

95
59

74
53

78.1
90.6

69
49

72.2
83.4

6

7.6
7.9

3.6
3.1

-

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

285
309
169

247
224
127

86.5
72.5
75.3

224

78.7
68.3
69.7

22

13
9

9.0
5.9
7.4

6.8

- 11.2
- 78
- 10.3

Total ....................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

809
363
446
77

425

52.5
61.2
45.5
44.1

338
174
164
17

41.8
47.9
36.8

87
48
39
17

20.4
21.7
19.0
50.7

18.6
19.1
16.4
43.2

White..................................................................
Men..................................................................
Women.........................................................

195

88

47
41

45.3
54.0
38.2

77
39
38

39.7
44.7
35.6

11

88

12.3
17.2
6.7

12.0

Black................................................................
Men..................................................................
Women ............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

601
268
333

331
170
160
29

55.0
63.5
48.1
43.8

255
131
124
13

42.5
48.8
37.3
19.7

75
39
36
16

23.1
22.4
54.9

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

300
275
233

178
149
97

59.4
54.3
41.6

121

133
84

40.2
48.4
36.0

58
16
13

32.3
10.7
13.5

110

211

118

4

6.2

7.0
4.1
4.3
4.7
2.2

4.0
4.6

-

8.8
10.8

7.6
7.1
8.7
6.1

11.6
12.8

Detroit central city

107

66

222

203
34

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

no

21.8

8

3

22.8

9.0

-

22.3
24.3
21.7
58.1

2.9

- 15.7
- 22.4
- 10.5

20.3
19.6
18.9
43.1

- 25.2
- 26.6
- 26.0
- 66.8

29.0
8.3

- 35.6

10.2

- 16.9

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

District of Columbia

Total .................................................
Men.................................................
Women ...........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years .......

477
217
260
34

333
163
170
16

69.7
75.0
65.3
46.2

312
153
159

White...............................................
Men................................................
Women..........................................

145
69
76

110

75.9
82.1
70.3

Black...............................................
Men................................................
Women..........................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years......

319
142
178
28

214

Hispanic origin..............................
Single (never married) .................
Married, spouse present ............
Other marital status2....................

65.3
70.3
61.2
36.0

21

3

22.0

107
55
52

74.2
80.2

2

2.2

1

2.3

1.5
1.3

68.8

1

2.1

1.1

196
94
103

61.5

13

67.2
72.2
63.1
46.3

10

57.8
36.0

18
9
9
3

8.4
8.4
8.4
22.4

6.9
15.7

18

15

83.3

14

80.8

3.0

.6

214
145
118

162

148
98
65

69.3
67.4
55.5

14
3
4

8.6

7.4

2.9

2.0

70

75.8
69.4
59.0

6.0

4.5

Total .....................................................
Men....................................................
Women ..............................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...........

1,294
622
672
96

916
506
410
51

70.8
81.3
61.1
53.2

815
451
365
37

63.0
72.4
54.3
38.1

101

11.0

56
45
14

11.0

9.8
9.3
9.2
20.9

White..................................................
Men....................................................
Women.............................................

912
442
469

657
370
287

72.1
83.7
61.2

614
343
271

67.4
77.7
57.7

43
27
16

6.6

Black..................................................
Men....................................................
Women.............................................

329
155
174

223
116
106

67.6
74.8
61.3

168
89
79

51.0
57.4
45.3

55
27
28

24.6
23.2
26.0

Hispanic origin..................................
Men....................................................
Women.............................................

239
117

173
103
71

72.6
87.9
57.9

157
91
67

65.9
77.6
54.6

16

9.2
11.7
5.6

Single (never married)....................
Married, spouse present ................
Other marital status2.......................

390
657
247

300
449
167

76.8
68.5
67.7

250
422
143

64.2
64.2
58.0

49
28
24

14.3

11.0

Total.....................................................
Men....................................................
Women ..............................................

559
264
295

397
208
190

71.0
78.6
64.3

369
193
176

66.0

28
15
13

7.1
7.1
7.0

5.5
4.9
4.7

White...................................................
Men....................................................
Women.............................................

416
198
218

293
159
134

70.3
80.1
61.5

279
150
129

67.0
75.9
59.0

14

4.7
5.2
4.1

3.2
3.0

Black..................................................
Men...................................................
Women..............................................

140
64
76

102

62.6
63.4
62.0

14

47
55

72.7
73.3
72.2

88

Single (never married) ....................
Married, spouse present .................
Other marital status2....................... .

144
295

114
207
77

78.9
70.1
64.0

200

72

67.4
67.7
60.3

17
7
4

56
53

102
112

101

12

10
11

66.1

r

6.3
6.3
6.3

5.6
5.3
5.4
16.8

7.3
6.8

7.0
7.2
7.3
- 27.3

_
_

_
-

2.9
3.3
3.1

9.4
9.9
_ 9.8
29.0
_

-

5.4

_

9.7
3.7
7.5

-

Houston central city

122

12

4

11.0

28.4

7.3
5.7

16.5
6.2

5.4
5.6
4.0
20.6

17.8
20.1

6.4
7.6
2.1

13.9
4.8

12.3
_ 12.7
12.9
_
- 35.8

_
-

7.7
8.9
7.3

. 28.5
_ 28.6
- 31.9
12.1

_

-

15.9
9.2

. 19.1
_ 7.6
“ 17.6

Indianapolis central city

120

41
47
97

73.0
59.8

8

5

6
8

2.0

13.8
13.4
14.2

9.2
6.7
7.8

14.6
3.4
5.7

10.5
1.9
2.4

8.6

_
-

9.3
9.3
6.2

_
-

7.4
6.2

18.4
20.2

_
- 20.5

_
-

18.6
5.0
8.9

Los Angeles central city

Total ............................................
Men............................................
Women ......................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ...

2,550
1,225
1,325
186

1,675
957
718
82

65.7
78.1
54.2
44.1

1,564
891
673
70

61.3
72.8
50.8
37.5

111

6.6

6.0

66

6.9

6.0

45

6.2

5.3

12

15.1

11.0

White..........................................
Men...........................................
Women.....................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..

1,938
960
978
140

1,292
768
524
65

66.7
80.0
53.6
46.3

1,216
724
493
56

62.8
75.4
50.4
40.3

76
44
32
9

5.9
5.8

5.2
4.9
4.9

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

in

6.0

13.1

8.8

7.2
_ 7.7
_ 7.2
- 19.2
6.6

.
_ 6.7
_ 7.1
- 17.5

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate1

Number

Rate

13.0
16.5
9.9

10.3

7.7
7.4

6.3
5.8
5.8

9.0
_
- 9.1
10.3
-

-

Los Angeles central city—Continued
Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

353
147
206

204
97
108

57.9
65.6
52.4

178
81
97

50.4
54.7
47.2

27
16

Hispanic origin.................................................
Men..................................................................
Women............................................................

744
374
369

505
319
186

67.9
85.1
50.4

466
295
171

62.7
78.8
46.4

39
24
15

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

860
1,195
495

616
799
260

71.7
66.9
52.4

563
760
241

65.4
63.6
48.7

54
39
18

8.7
4.8
7.1

7.5
4.0
5.4

Total....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women .............................................................

461

305
170
135

66.2

276
152
124

59.9
68.5
52.0

29
18

9.4
10.5
8.0

7.3
7.6
5.1

_

11

White..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

356
173
184

236
135

66.3
78.1
55.1

220

61.7
71.7
52.3

16

6.8

11

8.2

5

5.1

4.8
5.3
2.4

_

124
96

Black..................................................................

100

66

66.3

54

53.9

12

18.8

12.2

- 25.3

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present'................................

142
237

102

71.6
67.7

85
151

60.3
63.7

16
9

15.8
5.9

11.4
3.6

_

160

Total ....................................................................
Men .............................................................. .....
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years..........................

5,797
2,567
3,230
428

3,225
1,768
1,457
117

55.6
68.9
45.1
27.2

3,040
1,658
1,382
96

52.4
64.6
42.8
22.3

185

5.7
6.3
5.1
17.9

5.3
5.7
4.5
14.4

White................................... *.............................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes. 16 to 19 years.........................

4,022
1,802
2,219
255

2,199
1,254
945
73

54.7
69.6
42.6
28.8

2,097
1,192
904
62

52.1
40.7
24.5

103
62
41

4.7
4.9
4.3
15.1

4.2
4.3
3.6

Black..................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,426
596
830
149

800
385
416
39

56.1
64.5
50.1
25.9

727
342
386
30

51.0
57.3
46.5
19.9

73
43
30
9

Hispanic origin.... ............................................
Men.................................................................
Women............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.........................

1,287
530
758
128

667
378
290
33

51.8
71.3
38.2
26.1

608
342
265
24

47.2
64.6
35.0
18.6

60
36
24
10

9.0
9.4
8.4
28.8

Single (never married) ...................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status'.......................................

2,011

1,176
1,533
516

58.5
61.1
40.5

1,080
1,471
489

53.7
58.6
38.3

95
62
27

4.1
5.3

11

8.1

12.1
6.6

15.7
20.9
- 13.2
_

_

_

-

9.9
5.6
8.8

Milwaukee central city

222

239

101

76.5
56.5

11.4
13.3
- 10.9
_

_

-

-

8.9
11.1

7.7

20.2
8.2

New York central city

2,510
1,275

66.1

111

74
21

11

11.0

_
-

5.7
- 21.4
5.1
5.6
5.0
_
19.3
_

_

9.1

8.0

9.4
5.8
15.4

-

7.8
7.8

_

8.1

6.6
20.0

7.3
3.5
4.3

6.8

-

11.1

7.2
23.2

6.2

_
_

10.2

12.9
8.6

- 30.9

-

10.2
11.0
10.1

- 37.5

_

-

8.9
4.6
6.3

Philadelphia central city
Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women .............................................................
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years ..........................

1,291
575
716
90

686

53.1
62.0
46.1
38.8

649
334
314
31

50.2
58.1
43.9
34.0

37

5.4

356
330
35

22

6.2

White..................................................................
Men..................................................................
Women............................................................

760
345
415

417
223
193

54.8
64.8
46.5

402
215
187

52.9
62.3
45.1

15
9

Black .................................................................
Men...................................................................
Women............................................................

494

51.8
58.7
46.6

234

283

256
124
132

47.4
52.8
43.4

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.......................................

439
534
318

264
304
118

60.1
57.0
37.2

242
295

55.1
55.4
34.9

211

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

112

111

123

111

15
4

4.6
12.2

4.5
4.8
3.4
6.3

6.4
7.5
5.9
_
- 18.2
_

_

3.5
3.9
3.0

2.5
2.5
1.7

_

22

8.5

_

13
9

10.1

6.5
7.0
4.4

22

0.2

6.4

8

2.8

1.8

7

6.1

3.7

6

7.0

_

-

4.5
5.3
4.4

10.5
13.3
- 9.5
_

_
-

-

10.0

3.8
8.4

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian non­
institutional
population

Civilian labor force
Number

Employment

Percent of
population

Number

Unemployment

Percent of
population

Error range of
rate1

Number

Rate

5.2
5.9
4.4

4.1
4.2

Phoenix central city
Total ..................................................
Men ................................................
Women ............................................................

703
329
374

494
267
227

70.3
81.3
60.7

469
251
217

66.7
76.5
58.0

26
16

655
307
348

462
249
213

70.6
81.0
61.3

440
236
204

67.1
76.6
58.7

23
14
9

4.9
5.5
4.3

3.8
3.8
2.7

_

Hispanic origin ................................
Men................................................

122

80
47

65.6
84.7

73
43

60.2
77.0

7
4

8.2

56

4.4
3.9

_

9.1

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2..................

191
375
137

144
265
85

75.6
70.8
61.9

134
255
80

70.4
67.9
58.2

10

6.9
4.1
5.9

4.4
2.7
2.9

_

331
131

191
94
98

57.8
71.5
48.8

168
82

50.7
62.8
42.8

23

12.2

11

12.1

12

12.3

8.2

4.3
5.8

White..................................................................
Men..................................................
Women.............................................................

10

11

5

2.8

-

-

-

-

6.4
7.6
6.0

6.1

7.1
6.0

12.1

- 14.3

-

~

9.3
5.5
8.9

St. Louis central city
Total.......................................................
Men ........................................
Women ........................................

200

86

9.2
7.9

15.1
16.3
- 16.4
_

White..........................................
Men.............................................
Women...................................................

185
82
103

113
63
50

61.1
76.9
48.5

105
56
48

56.6

8

7.4

68.8

7

10.6

46.9

2

3.3

.1

Black................................................................
Women....................................................

143
96

77
47

53.7
49.5

62
37

43.4
38.7

15

19.3

10

21.8

13.1
13.4

_

Single (never married) ....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

106
127
99

69
76
46

65.3
60.1
46.8

55
72
41

51.7
57.1
41.6

14
4
5

20.9
5.0

14.9
1.9
5.3

_

636
306
330

394
228
167

62.0
74.3
50.6

355
205
149

55.8
67.0
45.3

40
23
17

10.1

8.2

9.9
10.3

7.5
7.5

White..................................................
Men..............................................
Women.............................................................

601
292
309

371
216
155

61.7
74.1
50.0

334
195
139

55.5

37

10.0

8.1

66.8

21

44.8

16

9.8
10.3

7.4
7.3

Hispanic origin.................................................
Men............................................
Women..........................................

380
186
194

229
135
93

60.2
72.9
48.1

200

118
82

52.7
63.4
42.5

29
18

12.5
13.1
11.7

9.7
9.3
7.4

Single (never married) ............................
Married, spouse present ................................
Other marital status2.........................

153
344
139

104
211

68.4
61.3
56.9

91
193
71

59.6
56.1
50.7

13

8.9

9

12.9
8.4
10.9

63.5
71.0
56.4

439
238

60.4
67.1
54.0

23
14
9

4.9
5.5
4.3

3.6
3.5
2.4

389
209
179

60.8
68.3
53.9

18

3.0
2.9

7

4.4
4.8
3.9

2.0

5.9
- 11.7

11.0

10.4
15.4
" 6.4
_
-

25.4
- 30.1

'

26.9
8.1

16.7

San Antonio central city
Total ........................................................
Men .............................................
Women .............................

79

11

6.1

6.7

11.9
12.3
13.2
-

11.9
12.3
13.2
_

-

15.4
16.9
- 16.1
_

-

16.8
10.7
15.2
~
_

-

San Diego central city
Total ....... ...................................................
Men ...............................................
Women ..............................................

728
354
374

462
251

White................................................
Men..................................................
Women................................................

639
307
333

407
187

63.6
71.7
56.1

Hispanic origin .......................................

106

71

67.1

66

62.2

5

7.3

2.8

Single (never married) ..............................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

219
350
159

161
205
96

73.6
58.7
60.1

152
197
90

69.3
56.4
56.7

9

5.8
3.9
5.6

2.1

211

220

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

113

202

11

5

3.4
2.5

-

_
-

_
-

6.3
7.4
6.2

5.8
6.8

8.3
5.7
8.8

Table 23. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the civilian nonlnstitutional population by sex, age,
race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

Area and population group

Civilian noninstitutional
population

Number

Unemployment

Employment

Civilian labor force
Percent of
population

Number

Percent of
population

Number

Rate

Error range of
rate1

San Francisco central city

Total ....................................................................
Men....................................................................
Women .............................................................

638
334
304

437
254
183

68.4
76.0
60.1

405
231
174

63.5
69.2
57.2

32
23
9

7.3
9.0
4.9

5.6

-

6.6
2.8

-

White.................................................................
Men..................................................................
Women............................................................

392
206
186

272
163
108

69.2
79.4
58.0

259
154
105

66.0
75.0

13
9
4

4.6
5.5
3.3

2.9
3.1

-

83

55

66.0

45

54.1

17.9

Hispanic origin.................................................

107

74

69.2

68

63.6

10
6

1.0
10.2

-

Black.................................................................

8.1

3.5

-

Single (never married)....................................
Married, spouse present ...............................
Other marital status2.......................................

232
285

173
197
67

74.5
69.0
55.3

154
187
64

66.4
65.4
53.1

19

10.9
5.2
4.0

7.7
3.1

- 14.0
- 7.4
- 7.2

121

103

.8

-

6.3
7.9
5.6
25.7

12.6

Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed per­
centages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not
add to totals because data for the “other races" group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.

1 Error ranges are calculated at the 90-percent confidence interval, which means
that if repeated samples were drawn from the same population and an error range
constructed around each sample estimate, in 9 out of 10 cases the true value
based on a complete census of the population would be contained within these er­
ror ranges.
2 “Other marital status” includes divorced, widowed, separated, and married with
spouse absent.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

56.1

8.9
11.4
7.1

3

114

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation,
1987 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
administra­ Professional Technicians
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Administra­
Service
production,
Machine
Transporta­
tive sup­ occupations craft, and
operators,
tion and
port, in­
repair
assemblers,
material
cluding
and inspec­
moving
clerical
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Metropolitan areas:2

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ..............
Atlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA......................
Boston PMSA......................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill............
Chicago PMSA....................................
Cincinnati PMSA ................................
Cleveland PMSA................................
Columbus, Ohio...................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ..................
Dayton-Springfield...............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA......................
Detroit PMSA.......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PMSA....................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas City..........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ....
Louisville ................................. .■...........
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.........................
Milwaukee PMSA................................
Minneapolis-St. Paul..........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.......................
New Orleans........................................
New York PMSA................................
Newark PMSA.....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News...............................................
Oakland PMSA....................................
Oklahoma City.....................................
Philadelphia PMSA ............................
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA....
Rochester ............................................
Sacramento .........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ........................
San Antonio.........................................
San Diego ............................................
San Francisco PMSA........................
San Jose PMSA.................................
Seattle PMSA......................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

1,233
1,410
1,137
688

1,514
550
590
3,133
718
909
683
2,082
455
1,030
2,108

171
181
129
119
218
53
63
402
97
98
88

315
42
191
210

139
173
163
98
284
64
61
412
93
134
97
240
59
149
266

pi

162
179
139
95
171
70
76
400
97
113
93
291
51
150
239

p>
p)
pi
63

p>
p)
87

p>
p>
p>
62

p)
46
66

584

81

74

p)

89

579
1,682
643
844
4,187
484
457
934
715
1,317
1,372
593
3,840
998

75
261
49
96
567
48
55
118
87
179
197
61
516
151

83
244
76

p>

67
249
89
92
500
61
49
128

617
1,035
498
2,338
1,004
1,051
622

58
178
70
289
139

595
953
484
649
1,186
484
555
1,014
902
757
985
984
2,064

86

549
58
54
97
96
177
216
69
605
132

49

p)
p>
117

p)
p>
p)
p)
51
44
84
30
pi

96

88

p)

60

79
104
82
89
150
71
51
167
162
132
155
109
399

86

60
84
160
69
52
166
137
124
130
129
386

135
185
81
403
117

p>

61
141
58
330
119
132

101

88

78
129
64
271
123
143
90

p)
p>
76

p>
39

18

60
137
60
82
144
64

p>
p>
p)
p>
p)
P)

66

pi
pi

111

117
94
123
151
199

P)
p)
p)
96

204
265
198

166
177
167

120

66

269
95
96
593

370
82
172
332

189
76
63
405
87
117
92
228
63
114
315

159
178
129
69
145
72
71
318
71
97
70
233
55
92
246

96

85

74

121

52
191

68

120

159
120

289
105
170
748
73
84
168
115
244
268
103
793
191

101
121

487
71
62
132
97
183
149
98
605
118

181
84
104
496
65
44
115
79
134
163
71
343
107

101

109

100

184
89
448
166
165

120

118
54
269
130
130
59

100

89
146
77
129
196
83
97
150
163
118
167
169
396

62
294
140
167
80
76
144
59
83
175
62
91
139
119
66

131
131
231

85
133
62
82
136
55
79
110

84
83
114
128
179

83
78
56
53
75
43
79
214
57
74
37
138
42

i3)

p>
p>
48
24
43

(3)
24
119

p>
35
pi
79
pj

p>

229

p>
48
68

46
56
365
40

p>
57
69
91
55

p>
203
71
pi
54

p>
62
60

(3)
45
34
37
163
35
46

(3)
95

(3)
(3)

85

96

p>

p>

(3)

(3)

64

p)

69

(3)

39
139

39
156

(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)

45

(3)
(3)
35

(3)
149
35

37

(3)
62
43

(3)
118
36

(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)

137
45
55
pi

89
(3)
45
(3)

109
47
58
36

21

23
(3)

78
54
37

p>
72
26
p)
(3)
a
a
(3)
46

p)

(3)
(3)
C3)
48
(3)
ft
(3)
(3)
(3)

p)
35
61

p)
p)
53
19
(3)
(3)
ft
(3)
(3)
40
57

Cities:

Baltimore..............................................
Chicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Columbia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Los Angeles.........................................
Milwaukee............................................
New York.............................................
Philadelphia .........................................
Phoenix ................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio.........................................
San Diego............................................

326
1,386
228
594
409
331
905
392
1,662
300
3,200
682
492
189
388
461

p>
134
0
81

p>
51
109
P>
222
o
399
67
68

p)

a

p)

169
o
64
35
65
132
49
235

p)
p>
p)
p>

138

p)

p)

485
85
49

p>

p)

p>

p)
82

71

p)

14

p)
p)
48
65

p)
p>
p>
p>
p>


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

77
39
22
137
55
182
a
321
58
58

71
154
64
289
54
693
150
81

p>

p)

45
54

See footnotes at end of table.

115

61
274
43
114
66

71
73

74
222

48
89
91
62

p>
140
pi
61

p)
16

121

86

68

48
182

210

53
525
114
79
49
65
70

p>
120

p>
p>
69

p)
p>
p)
161

(3)
55
(3>
(3)
(3)
13
(3)

p)
44

p>

p>

p)

284
71
64

184
43

127
(3)
(3)
(3)

pj
56
p>

p)
p»
p)
pi

C5)
p)

(3)
93
(3)
(3)
(3)
11

47
(3)
61
(3)
105
38
(3)

O
(3)
pi

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation,
1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
Technicians
administra­ Professional
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Service
production,
Machine
Administra­
T ransportative sup­ occupations craft, and
operators,
tion and
port, in­
repair
assemblers,
material
cluding
and inspec­
moving
clerical
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Cities:

San Francisco....................................

<3i

<3i

(3)

a

a

159
165
156
63
183
70
60
369
79
106
84
208
60
105
281

155
171
125
66
140
64
70
294
67
89
67
213
51
83
227

79
69
50
48
71
40
75
187
51
69
32
123
39
(3>
201

a
a
46
22
41
a
24
112
<3>
31
a
72
a
<3>
79

a
57
53
(3>
41
28
35
136
31
41
a
81
<3>
a
81

92

79

71

<3>

a

a

120
266
102
163
713
70
79
160
111
234
261
96
760
184

50
163
92
110
453
65
52
124
92
170
144
89
568
112

67
162
80
100
473
61
40
107
77
129
160
63
320
103

47
60
41
50
337
37
<3>
51
63
86
52
<3i
183
66

<3>
54
<3>
38
127
a
<3>
43
a
a
33
a
139
33

(3)
56
a
33
137
i3)
(3i
33
a
56
40
i3)
104
32

95
176
85
434
161
158
97

100
111
57
281
130
153
75

97
114
49
259
122
116
55

pi
51
(3)
126
43
50
pi

<3>
(3i
a
85
a
41
(3>

a
(3>
<3>
99
40
50
33

58
131
57
76
134
61
62
108
112
90
117
143
191

87
142
74
121
192
79
92
141
156
110
158
162
387

73
135
56
75
159
58
81
129
62
125
123
219

82
123
60
77
130
51
72
105
79
78
107
122
175

74
48
33
(3i
61
23
pi
o
a
a
i3)
41
a

20
(3)
<3)
a
41
a
a
(3)
a
a
a
32
60

21
a
a
<3)
48
17
a
a
a
a
a
37
52

<3)
122
0
73
31
20
127
50
174

58
253
40
108
60
67
140
61
272

67
198
40
82
69
57
101
60
193

<3>
123
<3>
55
(3>
15
77
46
171

a
100
(3)
(3)
55
a
<3>
<3>
150

a
52
a
a
0
12
a
a
39

a
74
a
a
a
9
38
a
53

53

72

75

153
171
129
92
168
67
74
375
94
107
90
274
50
141
222

198
257
192
115
263
92
94
558
115
150
116
353
81
164
317

86

113
<3)
(3>
<3)
<3>
49
42
<3>
82
29

66
233
83
87
481
58
47
122
83
128
181
72
386
112

59
139
56
324
116
129
86

0
p)
o
74
<3>
38
<3)

72
126
60
258
116
137
85

59
85
57
83
158
66
51
161
134
120
124
125
379

78
102
81
85
149
69
48
161
159
130
150
107
390

18
(3)
<3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
<3)
(3>
(?)
<3>
<3>
t3)
95

a
128
a
78
a
49
103
<a>
215

<3)
164
a
64
33
63
128
49
225

o
o
<3>
<3)
<3>
14
«
<3>
46

433

59

74

1,194
1,345
1,083
661
1,476
513
572
2,922
680
850
652
1,952
434
972
1,953

166
176
125
116
215
51
62
389
95
94
87
303
41
184
204

138
169
162
96
280
62
61
401
92
130
96
237
58
145
259

558

79

72

568
1,539
610
799
3,976
459
419
886
679
1,256
1,338
537
3,661
960

74
245
48
95
554
46
54
115
86
174
195
58
507
148

82
238
76
85
531
57
51
97
92
172
213
65
594
130

(3>
46
<3)

582
993
468
2,248
956
981
594

57
174
69
283
137
96
93

574
905
463
608
1,120
458
514
963
861
723
932
934
2,003

298
1,251
199
553
338
312
815
369
1,564

EMPLOYED

Metropolitan areas:2

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ..............
Atlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA......................
Boston PMSA.....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill...........
Chicago PMSA...................................
Cincinnati PMSA ................................
Cleveland PMSA................................
Columbus, Ohio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA......................
Detroit PMSA......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA..............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA ............................................
Houston PMSA...................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas City..........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ....
Louisville ..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.........................
Milwaukee PMSA...............................
Minneapolis-St. Paul..........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.......................
New Orleans.......................................
New York PMSA................................
Newark PMSA....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News...............................................
Oakland PMSA...................................
Oklahoma City....................................
Philadelphia PMSA ............................
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA....
Rochester ............................................
Sacramento .........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio........................................
San Diego............................................
San Francisco PMSA........................
San Jose PMSA.................................
Seattle PMSA.....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

<3>
(3>
<3>
<3>
62
<3>
<3>
84
<3>
<3>
<3>
60
<3>
44
64
(3>

111

Cities:

Baltimore..............................................
Chicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Columbia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis.........................................
Los Angeles........................................

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

116

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation,
1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
administra­ Professional Technicians
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Administra­
Service
production,
Machine
Transporta­
tive sup­ occupations craft, and
operators,
tion and
port, in­
repair
assemblers,
material
cluding
and inspec­
moving
clerical
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

EMPLOYED—Continued

Cities:

276
3,040
649
469
168
355
439
405

(3)
392
64
67
(3)
(3)
57

(3)
476
83
48

p)

Gof

63

492

0

55
t3)

ft
(3)

0

79
72

f3)

41
52
49

69

66

8

9

12

(3)
264
67
60
(3)
50
()
()

(3)
166
40
i3)
i3)
o
(3)
(3)

<3>
119

ft
ft

A
92
34

ft

ft
ft

ft
ft
ft
ft

ft
ft

UNEMPLOYED

Metropolitan areas:2

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ..............

40
64

f3)
(3)

7
9

ft
ft

6

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill............

27
38
38
18
211

Cleveland PMSA................................

38
59
32
130

1

l3)

13

2

6

2

3
37

5

8

10

(3)

8

24

(3)

6

17

19

9

10

9

34

20

8

7
16

p)

Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ....

213
25

14

18
<4>

Miami-Hialeah PMSA.........................
Milwaukee PMSA................................
Minneapolis-St. Paul..........................
Nassau-Sutfolk PMSA.......................

48
36
61
34
56

3

1

1

4

27
3
6

20

15

6

<a>
28
t3)

12

15

ft
ft

1

143
33

6

<3)

28
9

6

19

8

23

28
3
(3)

5

8

ft
ft
6

9

4
(3)
<3>
<3)
<3>

19

35

6

8

8

8

6

5

4

5

2

6

3
9

6

35
6

9

10

11

37

ft

ft

ft
13
ft

10

ft

Oakland PMSA............................

D
9

P)
(3)

Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA ................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA....

49

5

12

1

3

6

7

1

2

(3)

6

5

5

2

ft
15
5

8

St. Louis...............................................

67
26
41
51

53
50
60

l3)

3

11

8

2

14

14

(3)
6

*
6

9
<3>

5

(3)1

8

8

7
5
4
5
7

8

6

10

4

2

9

7

12

117

ft
i3)
i3)
«
ft
5
ft

7
8

4

3
2

ft
ft
ft

12

3
10

11

ft
4
5

10

8

4
ft

5

3
1

i3)
i3)
ft

<3)

10

16

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

ft
3

10

8

Seattle PMSA...............................
Tampa-St- Petersburg-Clearwater....

(3)

12

9

6

10

(3)

21

2

ft
ft
ft

(3)

6

48
70
28

9
9

ft
ft

20

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
1

6

19
o
<3>
4
(3)
3

6

35
42
30

1
12

3
(3)
23

ft
14
ft
ft
14

ft

11

New York PMSA................................

6
2

27

8

6
6

3

ft

8

12

26

Indianapolis................................

7
ft

2

Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodHartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .......................

6
2

(3)

20

58
155

ft

2

ft
<3j
o
7

ft
p)
i3)
ft
ft
ft

6
2

(3i
<3)
<3>
<3>
ft
3
2

3
5

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force by occupation,
1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty

Employment status and area

Total

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
Technicians
administra­ Professional
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Service
production,
Machine
Administra­
Transporta­
tive sup­ occupations craft, and
operators,
tion and
assemblers,
repair
port, in­
material
and inspec­
cluding
moving
clerical
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

UNEMPLOYED—Continued

Cities:

Baltimore..............................................
Chicago................................................
Cleveland............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Columbia ...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis.........................................
Los Angeles.........................................
Milwaukee ............................................
New York .............................................
Philadelphia ........................................
Phoenix .......... .....................................
St. LOUIS........................................................
San Antonio........................................
San Diego...........................................
San Francisco....................................

28
135
29
41
71
19
90
23
98
24
160
33
24

<3>

21

<3)
<3>

33

<3>

p>
5

7
pi

<3>

1

3

2

<3)
2

2

6

4
<‘>

<3)
6

(3i
(3>
e>
p)
i3>
(3>

10

5
7

i3>

7
3

9

1

2

1

<3>
t3>

3

8

21

24

3

8

3
7
2

2

10

p>

<3)

<3)
16

pi

(3>
15
3
3
p)
4

2

(3>
<3>
<3>
(3>
<3>
<3>

2

22

2

3

28

1

2

3.2
4.6
4.7
3.9
2.5
6.9
3.0
6.7
5.3
6.5
4.6

2.6

.7

3.0

2.2

2.6

1.0

2.4

2.2

1.1

1.6

1.8

2.7

2.2

2.1

.6

3.3

2.5

(3i
(3)
3.4
(3)
(3>
(3>
3.8
p)
3.6

4

6

7

6

22

4
14
2

17
2

31
5
2

o
4
3
4

<3>
17
i3>

p)
19
p)

6

pi

<3>

5

1

21

9

14
(3>
(3>

8

1

0

17
4
33
7
5
5
7
4
7

11

<3>
20

4
3

(3>
19
3
o

6

(3>
<3)

o
p)
<3>

(3>
3

<3)
<3)
(3>

20

o
(3>
<3)
2

1

<3>
<3)

11

pi

<3)

<a)

9
<3)
5

p)
8

(3>
<3>
<3>
i3>
<3)
<3>

9
(3>
13
4
<3>
(3)
<3)
o
(3>

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE

Metropolitan areas:2

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA .............
Atlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA......................
Boston PMSA.....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill...........
Chicago PMSA...................................
Cincinnati PMSA ................................
Cleveland PMSA................................
Columbus, Ohio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA......................
Detroit PMSA......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA..............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PMSA...................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas City.........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA....
Louisville ..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.........................
Milwaukee PMSA...............................
Minneapolis-St. Paul..........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.......................
New Orleans........................................
New York PMSA................................
Newark PMSA....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News...............................................
Oakland PMSA...................................
Oklahoma City....................................
Philadelphia PMSA ............................
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA....
Rochester ............................................
Sacramento.........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ........................
San Antonio.........................................

<3>
<3>
(3>
(3)

2.6

8.1

11.2

8.0

2.2

6.4
3.2
5.2
3.2
5.9

1.7
7.6
5.5
4.8

5.0
12.4
10.7
7.1
12.7

8.6

11.2

6.2

8.1

6.3
7.1

5.9
4.4
5.7
3.3
4.6
1.4
4.4
4.7

5.0
9.0
9.5
9.5
8.3
8.5
4.3
8.4

9.8

<3i

10.8

8.0

12.2

4.4

<3>

(3>

0

1.8

1.3
11.5
9.9

<3)
16.1
<3>
3.3
8.9
(3>
<3>
4.9
<3>
i3>
7.2
(3>
6.5
5.1

<3)
18.5
p)
16.4
12.4
p)
(3)
11.9
i3)
8.9
6.5
(3>
12.4
12.5

i3>
(3>
i3>
4.5
<3>
8.4
<3i

<3>
i3)
<3)
9.9
15.2
13.8
8.4

8.7
<3>
<3>
p)
14.0

9.1
o
<3)
(3)
10.5
10.4
(3>

4.4

2.6

2.3

p)

3.3

4.5

7.1

2.0

.9
5.9
3.0
1.4
2.4
4.7

.9
2.4

2.6.

4.0
14.6

2.0

5.6

.9
7.9
3.1
3.7
4.7
4.3
6.3
4.5
3.4
4.2
2.3
6.9
4.2
3.3

8.5
5.1
5.3
5.1
5.1
8.3
5.2
5.1
4.6
2.5
9.4
4.7
3.9
5.6
4.0
5.9
3.9
4.8
6.6

4.5
3.5
5.1
4.4
6.3
5.6
5.4
7.5

2.8

2.9

2.7

.8

1.0

4.0

i3)
6.5
pi
p)
3.6
<3)
«
p)
p)

2.8

2.6

2.6

1.4
4.5
1.7
1.4

1.6

3.9
p)
3.2
1.5

.6
1.6

3.4
.2

5.5
1.8

1.5

1.8

2.6

6.3
7.1
4.9
3.7
5.1
3.9
4.6
5.5
5.0
1.8
11.0

4.4
4.3

1.6

2.8

p>

8.6

2.3

1.7
3.5

pi

2.3
5.8
4.5
5.6
4.1
5.8

2.6

1.9
1.3
5.0
2.9

1.8

2.7
2.2

1.4

pi
2.4
t3)
2.7
pi

2.8

1.1

1.5
4.6

2.2
1.1

p)
<3)

1.1

4.8

pi

1.6

.8

3.5

2.4
4.9

n
p)
pi

2.1

.6

2.5
4.3
5.3
6.7
7.3
4.6
7.1

118

5.1
(3>
3.0

2.6

1.1

4.5
5.7
7.3

6.0

5.0

11.8

3.0
1.5
1.3
1.0

10.0

0

4.2

4.0
3.5
3.4
2.9

2.1

6.2

(3>
i3)
4.0

4.3
7.0
6.7
3.6
3.4

2.6

3.2
2.9
4.1
2.3

3.5
1.5
3.7
2.4
3.4
2.7

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2.6

10.1

5.6
4.5
7.3
2.9
1.7
4.7

8.6

9.0
7.1
9.0
15.0
5.9
5.4
6.9
3.5

8.0

10.3
3.8
3.8
4.7
5.5
8.3
6.8

2.9
3.7
1.9

10.1

10.6

6.1

6.7
3.7

4.7
8.2

3.2
3.6
8.3
3.6

5.4
4.7
4.8
3.2
2.5
4.0
3.0

7.5
8.4
4.2
7.3
8.5

10.9

6.1

6.8

2.6

4.2

3.2
3.4

6.1

5.1
9.2
9.1
6.9

3.5
7.4
2.4
6.3
4.5
7.9

10.8

8.8

6.1

1.7
3.9
4.6

6.0

11.0

7.6
8.4
o
10.9
9.0
5.3
4.4
<3)
9.6
7.4
pi

4.9
<3>
7.9
5.0
8.7
p)
5.2
9.7
10.8

(3)
16.2
10.5
<3>

8.8
11.2

<3)
7.5
17.8
6.1

6.1

16.7

i3)
11.7
<3>
9.6
<3)
(3>

10.0

6.8

0

<3)

12.0

(3>
14.7
o
p)
15.1

Table 24. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force by occupation
1987 annual averages—Continued
’
(Numbers in thousands)
Managerial and
professional specialty
Employment status and area

Technical, sales, and administrative
support

Executive,
administra­ Professional Technicians
and related
tive, and
specialty
support
managerial

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

Precision
Administra­
Service
production,
Machine
Transporta­
tive sup­ occupations craft, and
operators,
tion and
port, in­
repair
assemblers,
material
cluding
and inspec­
moving
clerical
tors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE—Continued

Metropolitan areas:2

San Diego........................................... .
San Francisco PMSA........................
San Jose PMSA.................................
Seattle PMSA......................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C.................................. .

5.0
4.6
4.5
5.4
5.1
2.9

2.9
2.1
2.9
4.2
3.4
1.8

3.7
1.9
2.1
3.2
1.6
2.2

<3>

3.4
4.5
4.3
5.4
5.6
4.2

<3>

<3>

0.9

6.2
4.2
6.6
5.3
4.2
2.2

7.4
6.4
5.1
4.3
6.3
5.2

4.8
5.1
6.2
6.2

4.5
2.4

(3i
(3>
<3i
<3)
11.7
0

<3)
(3>
<3>
(3>
8.2

<3i
<3)
p)
7.9

3.2

8.2

(3>
4.6
(3)
<3)
p)
6.3
a
(3)
10.9
(3)

<3)
20.9
(3>
<3>
<3>
14.4
18.6
<3>
14.0
<3)
12.7
10.5
o
<3)
p)
pi

Cities:

Baltimore..............................................
Chicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Columbia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Los Angeles.........................................
Milwaukee............................................
New York.............................................
Philadelphia .........................................
Phoenix ................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio.........................................
San Diego............................................
San Francisco.....................................

8.7
9.7
12.6
6.9
17.3
5.7
9.9
5.9
5.9
8.0

5.0
4.9
4.8
11.0
8.5
4.7
6.5

(3)

5.0
(3)

4.0
(3)
3.0
5.6
(3)

2.9
t3)

1.8
3.9
1.3

P)

(3)

2.5
2.4

3.2
(3)

1.3
6.9
3.0
2.9
.9
4.3
(3)

1.9
1.5
3.6
(3)
(3)

4.1
2.0

P)

(3)

(3)

11.8

(3)

(3)

(3)

4.3
18.4
11.1
7.1
9.8
4.1

(3)

1.3
<3)
<3)
4.4

<3>
3.6
(3>
(3>

(3)

(3)

(3)

4.6
4.4
4.8

<3>
<3)

8.3
3.4
7.2

<3>

Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
2 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary Defini­
tions”.
3 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
1


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4.6
7.8
7.1
5.4
9.7
5.3
9.2
3.4
5.9
4.2
4.5 •
3.3
2.2
(3)

5.9
4.6
5.7

10.1

<3>

11.0

12.0

15.9
7.7
23.7

a
9.2
o

8.1

6.8

17.0
11.5

10.5
3.1

8.0

6.0

7.2
6.3
5.7

t3)
7.0

6.8

5.2
i3)
10.7
(3>
(3)

10.9
10.7
5.5
9.0

6.1

t3)
16.1
<3)
(3>
20.2

<3)
o
i3)
6.9
<3)
10.1

7.8
<3>
i3>
(3>
<3i
o

6.6

<3)
<3>
<3>
<3>
<3)
<3>

pi

standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
4 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

119

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1987 annual averages
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Technicia­
Profession­
administra­
ns and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers
Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Handlers,
Transpor­ equipment
tation and cleaners,
material
helpers,
moving
and labor­
ers

TOTAL

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA.............
Atlanta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA...........
Charlotte-Gastoma-Rock Hill .........
Chicago PMSA.................................
Cincinnati PMSA ...............................
Cleveland PMSA ..............................
Columbus, Ohio................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA....................
Detroit PMSA....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA............................................
Houston PMSA.................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas City........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville............................................
Memphis............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA.............................
Minneapolis-St Paul........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .....................
New Orleans.....................................
New York PMSA..............................
Newark PMSA..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News.............................................
Oakland PMSA.................................
Oklahoma City..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacrampnto........................................
St. Louis.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio.......................................
San Diego ..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose PMSA...............................
Seattle PMSA ...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

1,194
1,345
1,083
661
1,476
513
572
2,922
680
850
652
1,952
434
972
1,953

100.0
100.0
100.0

13.9
13.1
11.6

11.6
12.6

3.4
3.2
3.1

17.6
14.6

14.9
14.5
18.9

10.0

12.2

100.0

10.8

10.6

2.1

100.0

13.3
14.0

13.7
13.6
15.3
14.7

2.9
3.5
3.0
2.7
3.1
3.1
4.5
3.3

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

11.1

100.0

13.4
15.5
9.4
19.0
10.4

13.4
14.9
13.2

14.1

12.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

558

100.0

568
1,539
610
799
3,976
459
419

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

886

100.0

679
1,256
1,338
537
3,661
960

100.0

582
993
468
2,248
956
981
594

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.2

13.0
15.9
7.8
11.9
13.9
9.9
12.9
13.0
12.7
13.8
14.6

14.5
15.5
12.4

10.9
13.5
13.7
15.9

10.8

12.1

10.6

2.8

4.2
2.7

10.6

10.5
13.2

8.3
3.9
6.7

3.2
3.5
5.6
4.8
3.2
5.8
3.9
4.9
3.4
3.2
2.5
5.3
3.8
3.5

2.5
3.6
4.7
4.1
3.4
3.8
4.2
3.7
4.3
4.5
3.0
3.5

12.1
12.6

12.1

3.8
2.4
2.7
3.9
3.1
3.3

11.2

12.1

100.0

458
514
963
861
723
932
934
2,003

100.0

298
1,251
199
553
338
312
815
369
1,564
276
3,040
649
469
168
355
439
405

100.0

4.2

100.0

10.2

100.0

8.1

100.0

14.1

100.0

6.2

100.0

100.0

10.0

100.0

16.7
15.5
16.6
13.3
13.4
18.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.6

17.3
16.7
20.4
17.9
15.3
18.8
18.1
16.4
18.6
19.5
17.9
20.7
19.2

14.4
9.8
15.6

1,120

8.6

14.4

15.1
13.5
10.9

100.0

100.0

10.8

4.9
6.3
9.0
3.5
10.3

6.1

3.4
3.0
3.2
3.2

14.4

9.4
12.4
13.7
14.1
14.5

10.9
11.9

8.1

5.4

3.9

14.0

100.0

10.2

4.7
4.6
4.8
4.0
4.1
3.6
2.9
4.2

3.1

1.8

13.6
11.3
17.5
14.0
13.3
15.1
9.4
16.7
18.5
17.9
16.1
11.5
19.5

9.8
10.5

12.4
12.9
10.7
13.9

2.8

3.0

12.6

10.2

11.6

2.8

3.5
4.1
3.8
3.8
3.7
4.3
3.7
4.0
3.2
4.0

11.8

100.0

100.0

10.1

4.1
4.2
4.9
3.0

12.7

3.5
3.3
3.6
3.3
3.1
3.8
2.9

574
905
463
608

12.2

12.6

2.5
4.0
4.2
3.4

8.8

2.8

13.1
14.6

9.5
12.4

5.1
4.6
7.2
4.8
7.8
13.0
6.4
7.4

14.1

13.4
12.5

12.0

10.0

6.6

16.4

10.2

100.0

12.6

13.0
12.7
11.5

21.2

9.8
17.5
14.6

100.0

13.8
13.9
14.0
11.5
14.5
11.4

13.3
12.3
14.4
9.6
12.4
13.6
10.5

11.6

16.2
13.5

100.0

12.8

16.6
19.1
17.7
17.4
17.8
18.0
16.4
19.1
16.9
17.7
17.8
18.1
18.7
16.9
16.2

15.4

13.8
15.5

100.0

12.7
11.9
13.9
11.4
13.1
12.9

2.0

2.2

100.0

12.8

3.1

13.8
12.2
10.2

13.6
13.4
10.5
11.7
12.3
12.7
12.8

11.5
12.2

13.9
14.3

3.1

10.1

2.6

14.5
12.3
12.5
11.9
13.2

3.3
2.9
2.6
2.8

4.1
3.2

12.0

2.6

13.0
12.4
12.5
15.3
9.5

5.8
3.6
2.7
4.8

11.2

16.4
17.7
18.1
19.3
16.9
16.1
16.3
15.2
15.7
16.0
19.9
17.2
17.3
17.9
14.6
18.2
15.3
17.0
17.3
19.3

15.1
13.8
11.4
14.1
12.5
14.0
13.5
13.6
10.7
16.5
15.5
11.7
17.2
11.2
12.1

12.5
13.6
15.6

12.6

6.2

11.9
13.4
9.6

8.5

12.1

8.7
10.8

6.8

16.7
11.5
10.5
11.5

3.2
5.2
5.6
5.6
4.5
5.1
4.8

4.5
3.0
4.5
3.8
3.5
4.2
2.3

5.1
3.2
4.4
4.4
4.1
5.1
5.6

12.8

3.4
4.5
2.7
4.4
3.7
3.2
4.9

3.6
4.7
2.3
3.8
4.3
3.8
4.7
2.7
3.2
2.4
2.4
4.0

12.0
11.8

12.8
11.8

9.2

12.7
15.0

14.3
13.6
13.0
12.7

12.4
14.2
12.7
15.8
13.3
12.9
8.6

13.4
13.2
10.9

8.1

5.7
9.2
6.9
3.9
3.7
5.0

11.4
10.3

12.6

12.0

8.0

11.6
11.1

14.0
10.9
9.2
10.7
11.5
13.1
8.7

5.3
7.1
2.7
5.4
5.0
5.5
3.9
3.2
5.6
4.2
4.4
1.5

2.6

2.9
3.2
4.0
3.4
3.0

2.6

3.3

2.6

Cities:
Baltimore............................................
Chicago..............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
Dallas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Columbia .........................
Houston ...............................................
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles.......................................
Milwaukee..........................................
New York...................... ....................
Philadelphia........................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis............................... .............
San Antonio.......................................
San Diego ..........................................
San Francisco ..................................

9.5
13.1
7.1
11.5
9.7

1.8

2.5
2.8

2.9
2.6

22.4
15.8

11.1

7.6

20.2

9.8

8.0

20.0

20.2

10.8

19.5
17.6

14.8
20.5
18.2
12.3
16.3
12.3
17.8
16.2
16.5
15.7
25.8
16.3
15.0
16.8

10.0

19.6

100.0

15.8

20.1

100.0

12.6

100.0

7.7
13.8

15.7
13.2
14.4

4.4
3.0
3.0
3.0

10.1

11.1

2.2

8.3

17.1
16.6
17.4
18.9

15.6
12.9

2.1

10.1

21.8

8.6

22.4
16.9
20.9
18.8
15.8
16.8

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.9
9.9
14.3
11.4
9.9
15.7
14.1

10.2

9.2
8.5
17.9
17.9

3.2
2.9
2.5
3.7
3.9
1.7

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.9
9.7
7.9
13.2
9.3
6.3
15.6
13.5

120

11.1

11.7
6.3
11.7
11.8
12.2

21.6

6.4
4.7
9.4
12.5
11.0
12.8

8.7
10.3
12.9
7.9
14.1
10.3
8.0

11.9
5.4
16.3
1.5
4.4
6.6

9.6
9.9
5.4
6.1

5.6
7.5
5.2
3.9
5.6

5.0
4.2
4.4
3.5
5.6
4.0
4.1
5.1
2.5
3.5
3.9
4.4
3.7
2.6

4.6
2.1

3.4

9.4
5.9
6.8

4.3
5.1
3.0
4.7
4.7
3.4
5.5
3.0
5.3
4.0
5.5
5.3
2.3
3.3

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic oriain and
occupation, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed
Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Technicia­
administra­ Profession­
ns and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

T ransportation and
material
moving

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

Men

Metropolitan areas:'

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA.............
Atlanta .............................................

697

Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA....................................
Bulfalo-Niagara Falls CMSA...........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill.........
Chicago PMSA .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ...........................
Cleveland PMSA ..............................

381
757
276
308
1,605
373
471

Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................

1,100

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.7
15.1
13.9
19.9
16.3
11.4
13.0
15.0
14.7
13.4
14.9
17.8

Kansas City.....................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...

526
1,072
310
301
865
434
2,255

Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................

San Francisco PMSA ....
San Jose PMSA.....................
Seattle PMSA.....................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C..............................

11.8

19.8
15.7
16.4

8.0
11.1

9.4
8.5
11.8

21.6

21.6

20.3
16.8
16.0
17.1
17.1
17.4
20.7
14.2
19.7

7.6
5.1
5.5
6.9
5.6
9.2
10.3
7.6
9.9

4.1
6.8

7.0
5.6
4.9
5.9
6.9
6.4

5.8
6.4
7.4
4.1
4.4
9.3
8.8

7.0
7.0
7.7
5.6
6.4
5.3
4.6

15.6

10.4

2.1

14.4

5.7

12.2

21.7

3.3

5.1

6.1

13.8
19.0
9.5
12.9
14.8

13.9
14.7

3.3
2.7
3.0
2.5
2.9

11.2

8.2

20.6

15.7

17.0
23.0
21.5
18.5

9.5
5.4

5.9
5.7
9.8

3.6
5.8
7.6

6.8

8.2

6.1

8.0

21.6

9.0
10.3

3.9

11.9
10.7
10.9

4.8
4.7
7.8
7.1
6.5
7.6

7.1
7.8
9.8
11.3
9.5

5.1
5.9

9.4

2.2

12.8

8.2

11.6

1.9
4.2
2.9
2.9

12.2

7.5

10.9

6.0

9.4
9.7

12.8

7.9
7.2
10.9
6.7

12.9
15.3
9.4

16.4
20.5
19.0
17.8
19.5
19.9
14.7
17.9

5.2
9.6
7.0

6.6

10.8

6.4
6.3
7.9
5.7
5.2
5.8

8.9
9.1
10.5

31.2
19.5
17.5
19.4

11.2

20.6

11.7

19.8
15.5

6.8

5.0

7.2
5.0
7.9
6.5
5.5
7.0
3.8

5.7
5.8
4.6
6.9
6.5
7.0
7.2
5.5

10.3
11.3
7.5

23.8
21.9

11.6

6.0

6.5

21.2

8.6

8.1

22.5
19.5
17.9
23.5
17.8
15.3
14.7
18.9

4.1
5.9
5.8

7.2
3.7
6.3

5.0
6.7
3.5
5.9

6.2

6.6

5.1
7.7
4.4
4.7
4.6
6.4

5.6
7.2
4.1
5.5
3.6
3.8
5.9
4.4

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0

100.0

765
305
2,006
524

100.0

464
418
512
497
1,074

3.1
2.9
2.9
2.7
3.2
3.1
5.3
3.1

10.6

100.0

668

259

12.0

12.0

20.1

11.7

100.0

305
530

13.8

14.2
10.3

5.1
6.7
7.2
5.4
5.3
7.6

10.5
9.7

100.0

230
487
380

542
254
1,217
536
555
325

2.1

10.8

5.8
6.6

21.1

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

15.1
13.8
14.5
16.4
17.4
13.0
14.9
19.4
11.2

Oakland PMSA..................................
Oklahoma City...................................
Philadelphia PMSA ....................
Phoenix......................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA...........................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...

12.5
12.9

100.0

100.0

11.1

Memphis........................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA...............
Minneapolis-St. Paul................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ..................
New Orleans......................................
New York PMSA .............................
Newark PMSA................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport

3.9
3.1
3.4
2.9
4.4
2.4

12.9
14.5
13.5
11.3
13.0
14.2
12.9

100.0

10.0

Denver-Boulder CMSA....................
Detroit PMSA.............................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA.......................................
Houston PMSA...............................

11.5
10.7
15.0
14.8
18.4
11.5
9.2

100.0
100.0
100.0

17.8
15.4
15.1
16.3

10.8

9.5
13.6
10.4
10.3
9.2
12.7
13.0
14.8
9.8
14.1

3.0

7.7
14.3

2.6

11.1

11.9
11.4
11.9
8.5
13.0
12.2

3.7
2.4

12.7
14.6

2.5

9.8
14.9

12.0

100.0

8.9
14.3
14.7
16.8
16.6
9.6
17.0
15.7
17.9
13.7
14.9

11.7
9.6
18.2
14.9
11.9
14.3

20.1

12.0

2.8

100.0

100.0

10.7

10.8

13.0

100.0

15.2
9.8

10.0

2.8

18.9

8.8

16.5
17.6
20.2

16.6
10.0
20.8

2.1

3.6
2.9
2.5
3.1
3.7
3.3
2.4
7.1
3.5
1.7
5.0

8.7
9.8
10.3

5.8
6.7
7.4
6.5
5.2

13.0
10.3
12.2

100.0

6.1

11.2

11.2

100.0

6.6

2.9
4.0

12.1

100.0

100.0

2.1

12.1

100.0

100.0

2.0

12.8

11.3
14.3
13.5

12.8

11.9
10.5
14.1
12.1

9.6
14.4
12.6

13.0
15.0
9.3

8.1

9.3
8.2

10.6

10.1

10.7
8.4
11.2

8.5

10.7
11.5
6.3
11.7
9.7
8.7

7.4
9.2
6.7

16.0
16.4
18.7

8.8

6.4
4.7
6.6

22.2

10.1

6.6

6.8

5.7
7.3

7.0

6.1

11.0

3.7
12.9

7.0
5.4
6.4

8.0

8.1

4.8

8.8

10.2

5.6
5.4
3.7
8.9
6.7

7.9
4.0
5.5
4.6
6.9
3.5
5.9
7.1
5.8
4.9

6.2

4.9
3.0
4.6
4.8
4.7

6.1

6.2

15.0

1.6

4.8

20.6

8.7
9.4
15.4
5.8

9.5
7.3
7.3

6.2

6.2

5.9
6.3
6.9
4.6
5.2
4.5
5.1
8.8

5.0
6.6

6.7
5.8
7.7
8.6

Cities:

Chicago.......................................
Cleveland .........................
Detroit....................................
District of Columbia ......
Houston..................................
Indianapolis............................
Los Angeles..........................
Milwaukee ..........................................
New York.....................................
Philadelphia.............................
Phoenix............................................
San Antonio...................................
San Diego..................................

100.0

153
193
891
152
1,658

205
238

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0
100.0

3.8
10.3
9.7
15.6
5.9
16.2
13.9
9.9
14.1
10.4
13.9

20.0

10.6

10.2

16.2

8.2

12.6

4.9
7.8
18.8

9.6
15.4

8.5

2.2

10.8

2.5

6.5
7.8

5.8

2.2

6.2

11.0

2.9
2.5
3.6

11.2

10.1

12.0

7.0

6.9

6.1

11.1

2.6

16.5

2.3
3.2

11.6

5.8
5.6
7.3

18.7
18.0
9.3
11.9

7.5
15.6
11.5
14.9
7.7
13.4

1.8

8.3

11.6

1.9
2.7
2.5
2.5
3.1
4.2

11.1

11.8

7.3

10.8

10.8

5.4
9.3
7.1
7.4

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

11.2

121

6.0
11.6
11.1

16.4
17.5
17.2
11.3
8.4
15.1

21.6

10.8

16.9

1.9
5.8
8.3
9.8

13.1
16.0
16.2
13.3
26.4

22.0

11.0

14.7
17.6
21.4
15.5
23.4
16.8

5.0
6.7
6.5
7.1

12.6

11.4

21.1

6.2

5.3

6.0

9.2
7.9
6.7
8.9
4.2
5.7
6.9
8.1

6.4
5.3
7.4
3.8

16.0
9.0
10.3
6.7
8.3
5.7
7.4
7.6
5.0
8.3
4.8
9.0
5.8
9.7
7.9
3.6

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Operators, fabricato rs, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Technicia­
Executive,
Profession­
ns and
administra­
al spe­
related
tive, and
cialty
support
managerial

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Handlers,
Transpor­ equipment
tation and cleaners,
material
helpers,
and labor­
moving
ers

Men—Continued

Cities:
San Francisco ..................................

5.2

100.0

14.8

16.0

1.8

13.3

9.6

15.8

13.0

4.1

5.9

496
613
494
280
718
237
264
1,317
307
379
300
851
208
446
881

100.0

12.9
10.7

13.2

100.0

14.4

100.0

12.8

2.2

5.3
5.1
3.6
7.6
4.1

.3

12.6

8.8

17.3
15.3
18.9
11.7
13.8
18.5

3.0

3.3

100.0

1.8

6.2

12.8

2.6

2.2

16.3
4.9
4.4
5.5

1.0

1.1

1.1

2.2

2.8

.7

2.1

2.5
2.3
1.9
1.7

5.4
6.7
3.4
7.2

.6

1.2

.7

1.7

.6

1.0

100.0

13.6
15.1
15.8
16.1
14.0
18.9
13.8
18.9

1.9
2.4

16.5
8.9

11.7
14.7
14.9
14.0
19.6
12.9
12.3
15.9
14.4
16.3
16.1
13.2
13.7
15.8
13.7

2.6

100.0

1.2

1.7

248

100.0

12.3

16.1

1.6

2.7

.7

1.1

7.0
1.9
5.3
5.5
7.8
5.2

.2

1.1

231

Women

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA.............
Atlanta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA..........
Charlotte-Gastoma Rock Hill .........
Chicago PMSA .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland PMSA..............................
Columbus, Ohio................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA....................
Detroit PMSA....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA............................................
Houston PMSA.................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas City........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA .............................
Minneapolis-SI. Paul ........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.....................
New Orleans.....................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA...................................
Norfolk-Virgima Beach-Newport
News.............................................
Oakland PMSA.................................
Oklahoma City..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento........................................
St. Louis.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio.......................................
San Diego..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose PMSA...............................
Seattle PMSA...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

267
674
292
365
1,719
203
189
399
298
588
572
232
1,655
436

100.0

8.4

100.0

8.2

100.0

11.2

100.0

13.1

100.0

8.2

100.0

11.5

100.0

12.6

100.0

8.8

100.0

100.0

12.2

100.0

12.0

100.0

6.0

15.1
16.5
14.2

2.7
4.0
3.0

13.2
13.5
12.5
14.3

2.0

11.8

2.5
4.2
3.1
2.9
3.1
3.7
3.6

14.1
15.0
14.2
13.4
14.7
13.1
13.7
13.3

31.8
33.9
32.8
31.9
29.1
32.7
29.4
33.1
29.4
32.0
31.9
32.9
30.9
29.2
29.6

1.8

16.7

29.9

16.5

35.8
33.3
29.7
35.5
32.1
26.3
32.5
30.2
27.8
32.9
35.1
31.9
32.7
34.2

10.8

1.9

14.1
20.9
16.9
13.9
21.9
16.3
17.0
18.9
17.9

2.2

2.8

2.6

3.5
3.4
3.3
4.1

11.9
14.4
15.2
12.4
15.0
11.5
14.9

100.0

10.6

12.0

100.0

12.8

13.0
15.1
14.4
12.9
14.6
14.5
17.5
15.2
18.9
15.3

2.8

12.7
13.6

4.4
3.7
3.1
3.9
3.4
4.0
3.4

100.0

8.5

100.0

10.1

100.0

11.9
10.5
10.9
10.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.1

100.0

12.6

100.0

10.8

286
452
215
1,031
419
426
269

100.0

100.0

8.4
17.2
13.8
9.6

100.0

11.8

100.0

7.9

100.0

11.6

269
374

100.0

8.2

100.0

10.0

202

100.0

289
509
199

100.0

9.9
12.5

100.0

10.8

100.0

11.8

15.8
13.6
16.7
13.0
15.0
16.1

220

100.0

10.6

10.2

432
397
305
420
438
929

100.0

100.0

16.4
15.4
15.0
12.9

100.0

11.6

100.0

17.6

16.9
19.5
14.7
15.4
13.1
17.9

145
581
93
254
164
159
365
176
673

100.0

4.6

100.0

10.1

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

12.0

16.1
14.3
14.4
16.4

1.4
3.6
2.6

3.8
3.7
3.4
3.7
2.4
3.2

3.8
3.4
2.9
2.9
2.6
2.6

10.6

12.2

9.4
14.5
15.3
9.5
11.4
16.3
12.3
14.7
12.4
12.2

15.6
13.8
10.5
13.8
11.7
13.2
13.7
12.1

4.6
3.0
3.0
3.9
3.7
3.8
4.5

11.9
13.1
11.4

10.6

1.3

11.4

15.7
8.5

2.6

12.0

12.2
12.0

15.6
9.8

26.5
31.2
31.9
32.7
31.3
30.4
29.0
25.9
29.7
30.7
34.3
30.1
30.8
32.3
25.8
29.1
27.5
32.0
29.5
31.9

11.0
21.1

15.7
14.4
23.9
13.9
15.7
14.9
16.7
20.6

15.7

2.1
1.6

2.3

2.4
1.9
3.2
3.0
1.3

1.0

.7

.9
3.0
1.9
1.7

.7
.4

1.4

.7

.8

1.1

1.5

.7

1.8

1.2

8.0

.1

1.7

1.8

6.8

.1

1.0

1.6

8.0

1.7
1.9

5.8
3.8

.7
.7

1.9
1.7
.9
1.3

.8

1.1

1.2

.6

1.4

5.5
6.7

.3
.4

2.9
4.3
• 3.8
5.4
4.0
2.9
4.5

1.6

2.2

1.6

1.9
2.2
2.2

2.7
1.5
1.7

.7
.5
.6

.9

.8
1.2

1.4
.9
1.9
1.7
2.1

.6

1.7

.5

2.0

14.3
3.7
5.2

.4
.7
1.4

1.8

1.2

2.2

2.1

4.8
3.9
4.6

1.9
1.9
.7
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.3

3.6
2.0

2.5

15.5
17.0
13.5

.6

1.2

17.9
17.1
18.4
18.2

11.8

2.0

.6

15.4

16.6
14.6

1.6

.9
.3

1.1

20.1

22.0

1.7

.6

2.3
1.3
2.5

.7
.7
1.1

2.6

.3

1.0

2.1

3.5

.8

.5

5.3
2.4
2.7
1.5

6.8

1.4

.8

3.4
4.0
1.3

1.1

.6

.3
.9

1.8

6.5
6.4

2.5
2.4
2.7
1.5

.5

Cities:
Baltimore............................................
Chicago ..............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
Dallas..................................................
District of Columbia .........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles......................................

100.0

6.3
12.3

12.1

3.6
2.9

9.9
15.7

100.0

6.6

12.1

2.8

11.8

100.0

15.3

20.2

11.0

15.7
15.0
13.6

5.1
3.5
3.7
2.7

6.5
14.5
15.5

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

5.3
13.3

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

122

11.1

32.3
32.9
35.2
30.5
28.9
31.7
31.1
28.7
30.8

29.1
15.1
21.9
18.1
22.3
18.3
16.1
21.0

14.3

1.2

3.1
1.5

4.9

.3
.5
.9
.5

1.2

10.6

1.8

2.2

8.0

1.8

1.2

1.1

.2

.4

2.5
3.2
3.1

2.6

1.0

1.2

4.8
9.4

1.1

1.4

.3

1.2

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Technicia­
Executive,
Profession­
administra­
ns and
al spe­
related
tive, and
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
craft, and operators,
repair
assem­
blers, and
inspectors

Handlers,
Transpor­ equipment
tation and cleaners,
helpers,
material
moving
and labor­
ers

Women—Continued

Cities:
Milwaukee..........................................
New York ...........................................
Philadelphia........................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis.............................................
San Antonio.......................................
San Diego ..........................................
San Francisco ...................................

124
1,382
314
217

100.0

100.0

12.2

100.0
100.0

9.7
11.7
9.1

86

100.0

10.2

149

100.0

10.2

202

100.0

174

100.0

15.9
13.2

1,103
976
801
597
1,371
485
454
2,278
588
705
582
1,596
393
897
1,615

100.0

488

100.0

522
1,253
519
683
3,197
425
273
716
617
1,192
1,236
371
2,648
778

100.0

349
763
415
1,852
911
921
553

100.0

552
836
433
530
995
439
478
871
642
576
818
819
1,466

100.0

27.8
33.7
34.7
30.1
32.1
34.9
25.5
26.2

23.6
16.4
16.8
18.4
25.3
21.3
19.3
18.2

15.0
13.2
14.1
11.9
13.6
14.5
14.3
15.0
13.9
14.9
14.8
11.7
15.0
11.9

16.3
19.1
18.1
17.2
17.8
18.2
17.3
18.2
16.5
17.7
16.8
17.7
18.9
16.6
15.9

13.5
8.7

2.0

16.3

3.3
2.9
3.1
3.5
2.5
1.9
3.6

12.0

15.1
18.3
15.7
12.4
13.4
9.4
16.9
20.4

2.7

8.4

2.6

6.6

4.6
3.5
1.5

11.8

11.6

3.3
3.1
3.6

12.8

2.2

8.8

3.7
3.4

10.0

12.9

12.6
10.6

0.7
.3
.4
.7
(*>

2.0

.6

1.6

.1

.6

1.4

8.5

1.6

6.0

2.4
3.0
.5
1.5
2.7
1.4

5.4
4.5
7.8
4.0
7.6

i2)

13.3
13.8
13.3
10.4
9.5
12.7

5.9
3.5
3.7
7.3
4.5
7.5

12.8

11.6

11.2

10.8

10.3
10.5
11.3
9.2
12.7
9.3
13.0

10.3
10.7
10.9
11.4
12.4

5.8
7.5
7.0
4.6
5.5

2.7
3.3
3.9
3.0
2.7
3.5
3.3
3.2
3.7
3.7
4.3

16.9

13.2

20.3
17.1
16.3
19.8
16.2
15.0
23.3
18.4
15.8
18.5
19.5
19.8
19.2
18.3

8.5
9.3
12.9
11.7
11.5
13.2
7.4

17.8
17.8
18.4
19.4
16.7
15.5
16.0

11.0

2.1

.9
1.3
2.0

1.5

.8

White

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............
Atlanta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA..........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........
Chicago PMSA.................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland PMSA ...................:..........
Columbus, Ohio................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA....................
Detroit PMSA.....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA............................................
Houston PMSA..................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas City........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA.............................
Minneapolis-St. Paul........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.....................
New Orleans......................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA ...................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News.............................................
Oakland PMSA..................................
Oklahoma City...................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento........................................
St. Louis............................................

San Diego.........................................
San Jose PMSA..............................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.
Washington D.C................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.1
15.5
13.4
18.1
15.1
10.5
13.1
14.4
14.4

14.0
15.9
14.7
19.1
12.2
12.0

100.0

12.0

100.0

14.1
17.0
9.6
19.8
11.4

14.1
13.4
16.0
15.3
13.0
14.2
15.5
13.7

15.7

13.4

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

13.7
17.5

100.0

8.2

100.0

13.0
14.3
10.5
16.5
14.6
13.0
14.4
15.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

12.6

15.7
17.3
11.5
18.4
15.4
13.4
14.6
9.9
15.7
10.4
9.7

100.0

12.8

100.0

14.0
14.8
14.8

100.0
100.0
100.0

10.0

100.0

17.5
15 8
17.6
13.2
14.6
20.7

100 0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.7
16.4
13.2
11.1

13.3
13.1
14.2
11.3
14.2
13.8
15.7
13.5
17.6
14.2
11.4
15.2
12.1

15.3
12.0

13.3
14.6
13.1
11.4
17.8
13.0
14.1
15.0
9.7
17.5

2.6

4.1
2.3
2.3
2.8

3.2
3.0
2.6

3.1
3.0
4.7
3.4

2.2

12.1

12.9
12.3
15.0

2.8

12.6

3.9
3.3
3.1
2.3
3.3

10.4
14.0
15.3

4.6
3.0
3.7
3.3
3.1
3.9
2.7

13.6
14.1
13.3

3.1
2.5
3.2
3.1
2.4
2.9
3.8
3.3

10.2

21 6

2 8

17.7
16.2
11.7
21.5

4.8
3.4
2.8

5.0

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

15.7
14.2
11.9

123

11.8
12.6

12.2

12.4
14.4
14.9

14.4
13.0
12.9
12.6

13.4
12.4
11.3
13 7
12.4
12.9
16.4
10.7

15.4
15.3
15.9
19.7
17.6
17.5
18.2
14.5
17 2
15.6
16.8
17.1
17.2

10.1

9.0
11.7
13.0
7.4

8.6

2.8

4.2
3.1
3.6
2.8
2.8

5.3
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.2
3.9
3.9
3.3

3.7
9.2

3.8
3.0
3.7

12.9

2.9

2.5

2.9

11.9

3.2

2.2

2.8

5.5
4.8
3.2
5.7

2.9
4.6
3.6
3.6
3.6

11.6

13.5
9.6
12.5

8.3
3.6
6.9
5.7
9.2
7.9
4.8
5.9

12.6

12.0

8.8

13.2

10.3

6.6

10.1

12.1

10.3
13.0

13.9
9.4
11.3

3.6
3.2
4.4
5.7

8.6
12.8

10.8

14.0
13.2
12.6

2.8

4.0

2.8

2.6

3.9
3.3
3.3
2.3
3.5
3.4
3.2

3.1
4.3
4.3
3.0
3.2
2.7
2.9

2.9
3.9
5.2
5.1
4.3
4.8
4.5

3.2
3.0
4.6
3.4
3.5
4.2

2.8

3.5
4.6

3.6
4.8

2.8

2.0

11.4

14.7
14.1
13.4
13.7

12.6

11.6

12.6

12.3
14.8
12.3
11 7
9.1
13.0

11.0

4.8
4.5
5.3
3.8
1 9
4.6
3.7
4.0
1.3

4.6
3.7
3.3
5.1
2.5
30
3.7
4.2
3.0

3.9
4.2
4.0
4.6
2.5

2.2

2.2

10.0

9.5
10.8

10.3
13.3
14.9
12.2

12.5
13.8
11.1

11.8

8.4

19.7
11.3
10.4
12.5
12.8

12.3
9.5

14.3
10.3
8 8
10.8
12.0

13.3
9.3

5.6
6.7
2.6

2.2

2.6

4.4
3.9
4.3
5.4
5.7

2 8
2.8

2.5
3.3

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Executive,
Technicia­
Profession­
administra­
ns and
al spe­
tive, and
related
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers
Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
Transpor­
craft, and operators,
tation and
repair
assem­
material
blers, and
moving
inspectors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

White—Continued

Cities:

Baltimore............................................
Chicago ..............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
Dallas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Columbia .........................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles......................................
Milwaukee ..........................................
New York ...........................................
Philadelphia........................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis .............................................
San Antonio......................................
San Diego ..........................................
San Francisco ..................................

124
761

100.0

6.1

100.0

10.7

112

100.0

10.1

368
77
107
614
279
1,216

100.0

17.5

100.0

8.8

100.0

25.4
15.1
8.4
14.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

220

100.0

10.8

2,097
402
440
105
334
389
259

100.0

14.8
11.5
14.8
14.8
9.6
16.0
16.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.8

13.3
13.4
7.8
14.4
13.6
36.0
16.9
15.0
14.9
11.9
17.2
15.6
9.9

3.2
2.9

10.8

1.8

8.8

3.1
4.0
1.5

19.5
23.9

2.5

12.9
11.5

1.8

11.0

3.1
3.3
6.5
3.3

14.6

2.8

11.0

7.3
17.1
14.7

2.5
2.4

11.6

2.2

11.4
9.3
11.9
7.4

8.6

12.1
12.1
11.8

22.5
18.1
22.7
17.2
14.3
12.1

16.6
15.9
14.7
18.3
20.0

23.2
16.6
25.0
19.4
15.7
18.1

12.0

13.9
13.0
11.3
17.9
7.6
10.3

15.5
11.4
12.4
11.4
10.0

12.3
15.8
13.6

2.4
9.3
13.8
11.4
14.6
9.4

12.6

4.4
8.7
10.5
4.3
13.7

4.4
3.0
4.9
2.0

2.7

.6

.6

4.1
6.9
10.9
8.7
4.9
5.8
5.2
4.9
5.4
3.9
2.7

2.8

4.7
2.3
3.1
3.4
2.9
3.8

11.2

12.0

15.4
17.1
15.3
13.9
14.0

13.1
9.4
14.5
9.5

22.5
27.3
19.8

10.2

22.6

23.2
18.1

9.1
9.7
7.3

21.1

6.8

22.8

9.5
5.3
8.5
6.5

16.2
7.8
7.5
13.6
7.9
9.1
12.3

8.8

1.8

21.2

6.2

16.3

6.0

10.5

22.3

13.0

3.6

7.8

32.3
19.5
19.4
25.5
30.6
10.9
17.0

12.1

11.0

18.2
27.3
26.3
13.6

9.7

9.1
5.0
5.7
8.3
4.4
14.6
5.2
14.6

6.1

2.6

4.8
1.9
3.1

5.7
6.1

5.7
3.3
4.5
1.3
3.3
4.5
3.5
5.7
2.9
4.7
4.2
5.6
5.0
2.0

2.7

Black

Metropolitan areas:1

Atlanta................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA...................................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill .........
Chicago PMSA .................................
Cincinnati PMSA ............................
Cleveland PMSA..............................
Columbus, Ohio................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA ....................
Detroit PMSA.....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA...........................................
Houston PMSA.................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas City........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Memphis............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA.............................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.....................
New Orleans.....................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News.............................................
Oakland PMSA.................................
Oklahoma City..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA............................................
St. Louis .............................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

100.0

354
262
44
73
108
538
87
135
62
306
41
51
299

100.0

62

100.0

41

100.0

220

100.0

88

100.0

108
366
141
162
57
79
159
781
156

100.0

100.0
100.0

6.7
6.3
7.2
6.9

8.2
11.2

9.3
10.7

9.1
14.2
5.4
10.9
12.7

100.0

6.6

8.6

100.0

6.8

8.8

100.0

8.2

100.0

7.7
9.1
5.3

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.6

3.5
1.5
2.9
3.2
1.4

5.6
7.6
13.6
4.8
7.0

2.1

6.6

5.3
3.1
3.4

5.5
5.1
5.1
9.4
9.4
9.5

7.0
5.8
6.7

2.8

8.8

2.2

3.6

10.3

1.0

7.9

5.3
7.3
5.4
5.2

8.4
6.7
6.9

4.6
3.4
3.9

6.8

8.0

1.8

100.0

10.0

11.4

100.0

6.0

8.0

100.0

5.4
7.9
5.0
7.2
7.8
6.7

9.2
7.6

3.4
4.0
3.2
1.9

11.2

1.6

8.4

3.5

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

220

100.0

111

100.0

35
356
51

100.0

16
117
65
98
453

7.6
13.6
5.6

100.0

8.6

100.0

6.3

100.0

6.9
9.0
15.5
3.6
14.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.1
1.1

8.8

12.5
9.9
4.4
8.0

19.5
17.6
18.3
21.4
13.7
24.7
19.7
18.9
27.4
21.5
17.1
25.0
19.4

27.5
18.5
24.1
30.2

7.6
7.8
6.7
7.3
9.3
5.9
6.5

24.3
14.1
27.7
23.6

22.8

21.6

22.8

23.8
24.4
30.4
24.2

10.6

1.6

7.4

2.0

8.7
6.9
8.4
9.4
7.4

1.3
3.3
2.7
3.1
2.5

9.6
9.1
7.8
7.3
7.1

14.7
19.7
18.0
19.9
30.6

26.5
17.7
29.2
23.2
23.2

18.3

9.3

10.6

22.0

6.8

3.1
4.1

6.0

10.2

.1

8.1

10.7
12.4

2.1

6.6

3.5

5.7

14.5
21.9
18.2
26.4

34.7
12.4
24.1
18.5

17.8
25.4
16.5
25.4
19.0
27.0
19.2

30.1
18.8
29.5

21.1

6.5
8.0

8.8

8.4
8.6

9.5
10.7
5.7
10.5
6.7
7.4
9.1
12.8

9.2
7.0
7.8
8.8

6.6

4.2
5.1
12.9

5.5
5.6
7.3
5.2
8.2

7.2
4.5
3.5
2.9
8.3
5.2
5.0

5.8
5.3
7.5
3.8
7.3

4.7
5.6
6.0

8.9
4.9
4.0
9.9
5.3
5.1

6.8

1.8

1.5
3.5
5.1
7.5
5.9

7.6
7.4
8.7
7.3
5.4

9.7
6.9
13.8
7.0
17.4

6.0

2.0

6.0

8.9

5.6

9.7

10.7
1.8

4.9

10.4

8.0

21.1

7.5

2.9
5.1

4.6

4.6
4.6
13.0
11.5

8.8

6.1

6.6

6.3
5.9
3.9

6.1

6.2

8.1

3.3
7.6
6.7
7.7
9.6

11.5

7.5
8.7
5.7
3.6
12.3
5.8
5.9
7.9
4.9

6.1

5.9

6.6

4.7
4.8
4.2
3.7
5.6
8.8

4.6
5.2
7.0
1.4
2.6

4.8
10.4
9.8
4.2

Cities:

Baltimore............................................
Chicago ..............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
Dallas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
District of Columbia .........................
Houston..............................................

170
433
87
175
255
196
168

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.7
9.2
5.4
7.0
5.2

7.0

1.1

6.0

11.2

2.2

6.1

4.2
2.7

6.3
4.0
9.9
8.7
5.7
11.9

5.5
7.6

100.0

10.6

11.6

100.0

4.8

7.4

2.2

3.2
1.7

See footnotes at end of table.


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124

21.2

21.7
23.1
19.9

5.3
6.4
3.6

12.0

6.8

6.6

6.6

5.4
4.1
9.8

5.9
7.9

Table 25. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and
occupation, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total
employed

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Managerial and
professional specialty

Operators, fabricators, and
laborers

Technical, sales, and
administrative support

Technicia­
Executive,
Profession­ ns and
administra­
al spe­
related
tive, and
cialty
managerial
support

Sales

Administra­
tive sup­
port, in­
cluding
clerical

Service
occupa­
tions

Precision
production, Machine
Transpor­
craft, and operators, tation and
repair
assem­
material
blers, and
moving
inspectors

Handlers,
equipment
cleaners,
helpers,
and labor­
ers

Black—Continued

Cities:
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles.......................................
Milwaukee ..........................................
New York ...........................................
Philadelphia........................................
St. Louis.............................................

100.0

6.2

8.0

3.9
4.6
1.5

100.0

7.4
6.5
5.8

10.0

1.6

7.9

3.2
3.8

88

100.0

178
54
727
234
62

100.0

228
65
32
244
209

100.0

3.9

3.1

100.0

8.6

10.2

3.3
3.8

8.6

100.0
100.0

5.4
9.5

6.9
11.1

6.8

9.9
8.2

5.6
5.8
7.6
4.5

19.4
31.6
21.9
28.6
21.6

14.6

27.3
15.9
25.7
23.9
25.3
38.9

8.8

21.4
8.3

18.7

22.0

17.9

20.3

11.1

10.0

18.6
9.0

6.9
5.8
7.5
7.6
5.4

5.7
2.7
15.0
5.1
6.5
12.0

6.6

5.5
5.2
5.6
7.0
2.7

5.3
3.5
5.0
3.9
6.4
5.4

Hispanic origin

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA....................................
Chicago PMSA..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Denver-Boulder CMSA ....................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............
Houston PMSA.................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.....................
New York PMSA..............................
Newark PMSA...................................
Oakland PMSA.................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Sacramento........................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio.......................................
San Diego..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose PMSA................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater ..
Washington D.C..................................

100.0
100.0
100.0

6.8

86

100.0

39
223
1,194
458
79
652
71
97
40
133
198
60
26
234
157

100.0

110

100.0

93
48
73

100.0

8.0

100.0

17.5
5.2

178
69
14
157
466
608
73

100.0

3.0

100.0

6.6

200

100.0

66

100.0

68

100.0

7.5

100.0

8.7
5.7
5.5

100.0

11.6

100.0

8.5
7.0
5.1
9.1

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.1

100.0

6.8

100.0

3.7
15.0
7.6
5.7
10.7
6.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

5.7
3.6
8.2

.9
2.7
1.3
2.1
1.6

3.4

4.4
7.9
5.7
6.3
7.6
10.3

10.2

18.2
10.9
8.4
14.4

17.0
18.1
13.4
19.6
17.0
18.3

11.5
5.1
3.6
6.7
5.1

2.4
2.3

2.7

8.1

6.0

1.8

5.9
5.5
10.9
5.3
7.0
7.7
5.2
5.2
7.7
6.9
3.0
9.2
17.4

1.9
1.5
3.6
2.4

9.9
9.9
12.5
4.5
5.5
6.3
3.9
6.9
9.2
8.7

1.1
1.8

1.8

.9
4.1
3.1
1.1

16.7
17.6
15.0
9.1
18.5

12.0

18.1
6.3
14.3
11.0

20.7
14.9
17.8
12.2

1.1

10.6

19.3

3.2

4.2

8.1

.1

12.8

2.5

9.3

15.6
18.0

1.3

6.8

2.1

5.4
3.0
11.4

13.2
13.7
17.3
17.4
13.1
16.5
23.1
15.6
17.2
17.9
20.0

17.8
17.7
14.0
20.0

14.8
25.9
21.4
12.8

27.3

12.1

11.5
17.3
16.8
15.1
13.4
10.2

14.3
12.9
12.9
14.5
13.0
11.8
12.1

16.9
11.5
12.1

18.3
11.4
6.5

17.6
23.7
16.7
18.3
18.1
9.7
4.5
7.9
20.6
8.2

17.2
13.5
23.1
9.3
20.9
8.8

14.7
5.3
15.3
6.9

2.4
4.6
4.4
4.3
4.4
10.6

7.8
4.6
2.5
11.6

14.7
7.8

4.5
4.9
4.5
4.7

6.0

2.6

6.0

5.1
2.9
2.3
4.0
5.5
4.9
3.5
5.9
5.5
5.5

4.5
9.4

8.4
6.2

3.7

8.0
8.1

6.4
9.0
10.8

.9
3.0

10.9
7.2
4.7
4.9
7.1
4.6
4.4

19.3
14.7
(12i

3.4
3.3

13.3
13.6

1.8

8.2

8.0

5.2
3.0
4.8
2.7
5.9

9.3

8.0

4.6
16.1
4.4
2.2

6.8
8.2

Cities:
Chicago ..............................................
Dallas.................................................
District of Columbia ........................
Houston.............................................
Los Angeles......................................
New York ..........................................
Phoenix..............................................

San Francisco ..................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.1
3.7
4.3
7.0
6.5
6.4
7.4
3.4

6.3
3.9
16.0
4.5
3.0
5.9
4.4
5.0
12.2

7.2

2.9
1.6
.8
1.8

1.3
2.7
.5
0

9.9
3.8
9.4
9.5
10.5

18.3
16.9
35.9
18.4
21.6

12.1

19.8
5.6
17.1
15.8

22.8

10.6

25.6
19.6
25.2
32.2

13.7
16.5
14.3
10.7

25.3
13.7
11.3
6.1
8.8

2.2

6.2

7.4

6.1

4.4
7.4
7.3
5.3
5.0

publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the "other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary Defini­
tions”.
2 Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed.
NOTE: Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

6.6

15.1
9.7
13.6
18.8
10.9
18.8
14.8
18.7
11.7
17.5

125

Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry, 1987 annual averages
(Numbers in thousands)
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and area

Total2
Total3

Construc­
tion

Durable
goods

Total

Transporta-

Nondurable
goods

munications, and
public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Governme
Services4

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Metropolitan areas:5
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA .............
Atlanta.................................................
Baltimore.............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA......................
Boston PMSA.....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill............
Chicago PMSA...................................
Cincinnati PMSA ................................
Cleveland PMSA................................
Columbus, Ohio..................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA......................
Detroit PMSA.......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PMSA...................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas City.........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA....
Louisville ..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.........................
Milwaukee PMSA...............................
Minneapolis-St. Paul..................... .
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.......................
New Orleans.......................................
New York PMSA................................
Newark PMSA....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News...............................................
Oakland PMSA...................................
Oklahoma City....................................
Philadelphia PMSA ............................
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA ............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA....
Rochester ...........................................
Sacramento ........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio........................................
San Diego............................................
San Francisco PMSA........................
San Jose PMSA.................................
Seattle PMSA.....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

1,196
1,383

1,497
543
579
3,100
703
891
669
2,038
444
1,014
2,066

990
1,107
828
567
1,234
429
497
2,550
583
722
511
1,700
356
786
1,723

565

457

566
1,640
631
825
4,065
465
439
907
711
1,294
1,353
578
3,798
978

475
1,344
486
647
3,271
391
337
752
580
1,037
1,037
453
2,922
806

597

420
794
364
1,836
765
841
466

1,111
679

1,021
486
2,297
968
1,027
604
589
920
474
636
1,159
475
540
959
887
744
959
960

2,021

81
90
64
35
63
pi
38
133

p>
43

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129

m
58

88
p)

101

pi
44
172
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50
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59
74

n
160
48
50

p)
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129
90
58

413
965
343
391
697
667
617
745
772
1,345

33
76

59

20

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60

<6>

p>
pi
74
118

103

75
92
69
94
76
43
94
274
78
65
36
126
pi
52
90

53
108
60
45
72
pi
40

237
312
228
132
259
115
123
619
140
187
166
462
94

(6)

95

68

211
418

203
70
62
354
97
128
56
249
70
79
461

62

44

pi

33

133
179
105
139
956
99
73
98
180
294
207
52
475
204

114
91
70
72
620
57

pi

88
p>
66
336

pi
108
44
80

«

(6)

43
138
179
132
pi
163
98

55
pi
115
75
pi
312
106

p)

pi
72
pi
187
pi
44
p)

55
169
56
401
138
158

o

pi
w

212
109

160
279
113
156
628
175
193
92
374
97
131
552

41

483

686
373

287

201
173

66

98
38
213
104
114
61

86
167
152
145

113

100

116
pi
154
49

p>
225
65
49
144
91
272
179
116

p)
116

p)
241
140
72
57

111

43

54
52
pi
pi
72

(6)
pi
pi
pi
pi
pi
44
54

200
39
48
39
132

(6)

202

pi
p>
78

(6)
71

88

pi
231
65

66

pi
60
50

112

200

145

50

126

67

353
141
159
765

100

91
141
pi
58
270

100

101
86

(6)
(6)

62
185
92
123
437
48
77
83

223
146
250
244
135
584
174

416
196
237
138

(6)

100

741
149

248

122
45
22

40
226
51
50
55
160

121

186
226
64
172
82
49
376
84
127

89
103

141
214

pi
pi
pi
90
31
pi

(6)

254
297
240
141
423
114

130
422
94
216
466

pi
72
pi

53
40

77
99
62
55
137

101

104

74

(6)

101

136

(6)
460
106

(6)
80
42
163
82
70
48
35

211
87

(6)
(6)

139
255

pi
75
33

101
120

185
160
117
194
230
321

(6)
69
85

(6)
76
85
136

373
123
164
901
109
95
229
154
260
288
139
1,009
209
108
206
109
603

210
256
131

122
164
88

113
256
89
123
205
229
137
187
214
545

112
68
154

206

88

182
232
91
603
123
137
143
83
321
125

112
73
76
152
60
165
93

101
169
137
62
114
575

Cities:
Baltimore..............................................
Chicago................................................
Cleveland.............................................
Dallas....................................................
Detroit...................................................
District of Columbia...........................
Houston................................................
Indianapolis.........................................
Los Angeles....................................
Milwaukee........................................
New York .............................................
Philadelphia .........................................
Phoenix ................................................
St. Louis...............................................
San Antonio........................................
San Diego...........................................
San Francisco .................................... 1

320
1,372
223
580
402
324
882
386
1,598
299
3,170
672
474
185
376
447
427

249
1,095
180
488
314
199
724
293
1,297
245
2,436
517
383
148
273
323
327

(6>
47
<6)
p)
o
14
46
t6)
63
w
125
34
42
(s)
pi

p)

p>

pi
148
34

47
267
49
80

p)

101
10
82

86

p)

47

60
355
72
385
79
61

58
pi

126

8

p>

216
60

139
pi
263
41
pi
pi
pi
pi
pi

122

p)
p>

pi

p>

38
pi
pi
pi
pi
pi

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

p>
119
pi
pi
pi

pi
76
pi
pi
(6)
15
57
pi
69
pi
194
38
pi
pi
pi

68

252
47
136
77
42
213
81
306
59
481

p>

111
100
86
78

pi

78

pi

(6)
94
(6)
58
(6)
17
76
(6)
107
(6)
396
45
49
(6)
(6)
pi
pi

80
360
48
142
93
103
209
79
394
69
852
209
108
51

86
112
122

62
198
37
59
107
96
67
150
45
512

121
50
(6)
72
85
62

Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers

Employment status and area

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total3

Total

Manufacturing

T ransporta-

Durable
goods

munications, and
public
utilities

Nondurable
goods

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Trade

Sovernment
Services4

UNEMPLOYED

Metropolitan areas:5

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ..............
Atlanta..................................................
Baltimore..............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA......................
Boston PMSA......................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.............
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill............
Chicago PMSA....................................
Cincinnati PMSA................................
Cleveland PMSA.................................
Columbus, Ohio...................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ..................
Dayton-Springfield..............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA......................
Detroit PMSA.......................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA...............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .............................................
Houston PMSA....................................
Indianapolis..........................................
Kansas City..........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ....
Louisville ..............................................
Memphis...............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.........................
Milwaukee PMSA...............................
Minneapolis-St. Paul..........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.......................
New Orleans........................................
New York PMSA................................
Newark PMSA....................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News...............................................
Oakland PMSA....................................
Oklahoma City.....................................
Philadelphia PMSA ........................ .
Phoenix ................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.........................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA .............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA....
Rochester ............................................
Sacramento .........................................
St. Louis...............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio.........................................
San Diego...........................................
San Francisco PMSA.......................
San Jose PMSA................................
Seattle PMSA.....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater...

38
63
52
27
38
37
17
210

37
56
31
128
19
57
150

36
55
46
26
34
33
16
183
35 .
51
28
116
17
49
133

6

5
5
5

10

2

11

3

6

2

9
5
49

7

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15
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8

40
65
25
40
49
41
34
50
48
59

19
40
18
32
62

3

4
15
4
3
38

5

35
4

1

21

2

12

1

48

6

6

9
9
3

6

3

(®)
(6t

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12

2

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8
10

12

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24
118
26
38
59
15
79

w

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7
4

33
43
37
30
42
43
46

4
6
7

8

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10
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6

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6

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5
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76
41
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41
28

1

14

31
5

11

2

6

2

10

25

126
29
40
185
23
30
41
34
54
28
51
157
33

2

20

10

1

2

140
31
44
207
24
36
46
36
60
33
55
175
37

14

4
3

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4
18
5

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25
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7
4
53
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p>
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15
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10

p)

3
3
2

16
13
7

1

10

9
16

5
2
11

Cities:

Dallas...................................................

28
135
27
40
69
19
87
22

Los Angeles........................................

San Diego..........................................

20

94
24
156
33

81
23
141
28

22

20

20

20

32
21

26
19

9
o
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17
3
3

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5

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7

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33

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3

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127

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33
9
13
18
5
29
8

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8

11

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

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2

Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced' civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and area

Total2
Total3

Construc­
tion

Transporta

Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

munications, and
public
utilities

i6)

(6>

n

(e>

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Government
Services4

UNEMPLOYED—Continued

Cities:

San Francisco................................

28

24

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3.2
4.6
4.7
4.0
2.5
6.9
3.0

3.6
5.0
b.b
4.6

7.1
5.5

6.4
5.5
7.2
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4.0
11.5
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18.6
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6.8

12.6

4.7
6.3
7.7

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13.5

6.7
5.5
5.6
7.6

5.1

7.0

4.6

5.0

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8.2

7.3
7.6
7.3
4.9

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6

3

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE

Metropolitan areas:5

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ..
Atlanta......................................
Baltimore ...................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA..........
Boston PMSA..........................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill
Chicago PMSA ........................
Cincinnati PMSA.....................
Cleveland PMSA.....................
Columbus, Ohio.......................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA......
Dayton-Springfield...................
Denver-Boulder CMSA...........
Detroit PMSA...........................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA....
Hartford-New Britain-Middle
CMSA ........................................
Houston PMSA...............................
Indianapolis.....................................
Kansas City.....................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA .
Louisville ..........................................
Memphis...........................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.....................
Milwaukee PMSA...........................
Minneapolis-St. Paul......................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA...................
New Orleans....................................
New York PMSA............................
Newark PMSA................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News...........................................
Oakland PMSA...............................
Oklahoma City................................
Philadelphia PMSA........................
Phoenix............................................ .
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ...
Portland, Ore. PMSA..................... .
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA ..........................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ..
Rochester .........................................
Sacramento ......................................
St. Louis............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden.....................
San Antonio......................................
San Diego.........................................
San Francisco PMSA.....................
San Jose PMSA..............................
Seattle PMSA..................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.
Washington D.C................................

6.8

5.2
6.3
4.6
6.3
4.3
5.6
7.3

2.0
8.5
4.9
5.3
5.1
52
8.1
5.0
5.0
4.6
2.5
9.5
4.6
3.7
5.7
4.0
5.8

3.5
5.2
4.4
6.3
5.6
5.3
7.3
5.1
4.6
4.5
5.2
5.0
2.9

2.8

7.7
3.3
7.2
6.0

2.0

9.4
5.9
6.2

5.7
5.8
8.9
5.4
5.8
5.2
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5.0
7.2
4.1
5.3
7.2
5.2
4.0
5.8
4.9
7.7
6.4
5.9
8.5
6.2

5.6
4.9
5.7
5.6
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4.8

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6.6

2.3
8.4
3.4
7.8
5.8
5.4

8.6

3.4
6.3
2.2

8.8

1.5
8.7
5.4
6.4
6.7
5.8
5.6
3.6

6.8

7.8
4.7
6.6
6.2

3.4
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6.3
6.7
5.2
5.4
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6.6

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1.7

8.0

(6)
1.3
2.9
<6>
4.2
2.4

6.1

5.7

12.0

1.6

3.7
6.3
6.5

2.6

2.7
2.4
5.1
(e>

n

8.0

1.0

3.4
2.5
.9
1.3
5.0
.9
5.5

3.0

10.8

8.3
9.1
4.6
5.6
5.7
3.3

2.4
4.6
4.7
4.1
2.9

2.6

2.9
5.7
1.7

7.9
5.2
6.3
5.8
4.8

3.0
2.9
2.5

10.6

6.6

4.9
5.8
6.7
2.7
12.3
4.2
3.8
5.7
7.3
5.7
2.9
4.5
4.7
3.9
2.7
3.1
3.7
6.3
4.9
5.9
6.2

7.7
5.5
5.4
5.4
4.4
3.0

2.2

3.1
2.1
2.1

1.9
4.4
2.1
1.8

5.5
.9
1.8

2.9
2.7
4.3
2.8

1.7
3.0
2.0

4.3
2.0

4.2
4.5
3.2
2.1
1.8

3.8
1.5
1.9

Cities:
Baltimore...................
Chicago.....................
Cleveland..................
Dallas.........................
Detroit........................
District of Columbia .
Houston.....................
Indianapolis...............

8.7
9.8
12.0
6.9
17.2
5.7
9.9

9.6
10.7
14.4
777
18.9
7.5
10.9
6.9

n
19.7
<6)

n

<•>
14.2
14.6
<“>

<e>
14.9

7.9
12.4
8.7
11.5
19.0
6.6
11.3
5.7

12.0


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

n

nA

10.0

5.1
<e)
<6)

19.7
n
C)

See footnotes at end of table.

128

<6)
9.4
n

n
9.2
<6>
<6>
<6)
4.9
13.3
0

14.5
13.3
20.0

9.6
23.5
11.6

13.6
10.0

(6)
4.1
(e)
1.5
(6)
4.4
3.0
(°)

8.3
8.6

12.4
5.7
18.8
5.8
10.2

6.7

5.5
6.7
1.9
1.9
13.1
3.3
5.8
2.5

Table 26. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Employment status of the experienced1 civilian labor force for nonagricultural workers by industry, 1987 annual averages—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing
Employment status and area

Total2
Total3

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Transporta­
tion, com­
munica­
Nondurable tions, and
goods
public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Government
Services4

UNEMPLOYMENT
RATE—Continued

Cities:

5.9

6.2

8.6

8.0

9.3
5.8
5.4
5.3
13.4
9.6
5.9
7.4

(6)
13.3

4.9
4.9
4.7
11.0

8.5
4.8
6.5

8.6
6.0

o
<6)
<e)
(6t

5.3
8.4
7.9
7.5
(®)
t6)
(s)
<6>
<e)

5.6
10.4
8.5
7.5
4.2
<6)
(6>
4.8
t6)

8.8

7.5
<6>
<6i
i6)
(6>
t6)

7.0
<6>
4.0
3.7
(B)
i6)
<6)
pi
p>

6.9
9.4
7.0
8.0

7.2
<e>
9.6
7.6
9.9

4.4
<6)
2.9
5.1
3.8
(e>
o
n
r

6.2

9.0
4.5
3.1
5.5
10.5
6.9

4.3
2.5
2.2

3.4
1.6

(6>
6.0

6.6

2.2

5.3

4.8

tions”.
6 Data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet BLS publication
standards of reliability for the particular area, based on the sample in that area. See
appendix B.
7 Less than 500 persons or less than 0.05 percent.
NOTE: Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed rates because of
rounding.

Excludes persons with no previous work experience.
Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining.
Includes mining.
4 Excludes private household workers.
5 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary Defini­
1

2

3


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

6.1

i6)

129

Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by
sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages
Total ernployed1

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Transpor-

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

17.9

6.4
6.4
6.3
13.5
5.1
7.8
15.9
8.9

communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
Services3
and real
estate

Govern­
ment

Metropolitan areas:4

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA .
Atlanta................................... .
Baltimore................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....... .
Boston PMSA.......................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill
Chicago PMSA ......................
Cincinnati PMSA ...................
Cleveland PMSA...................
Columbus, Ohio.....................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ....
Dayton-Springfield.................
Denver-Boulder CMSA........
Detroit PMSA.........................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA ..
Hartford-New Britain-Middleti
CMSA................................
Houston PMSA......................
Indianapolis............................
Kansas City............................
Los Angeles-Long Beach
Louisville........................................
Memphis........................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA...................
Milwaukee PMSA.........................
Minneapolis-St. Paul....................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.................
New Orleans.................................
New York PMSA..........................
Newark PMSA..............................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News.........................................
Oakland PMSA.............................
Oklahoma City..............................
Philadelphia PMSA ......................
Phoenix...........................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA .
Portland, Ore. PMSA...................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA........................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA
Rochester......................................
Sacramento...................................
St. Louis........................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ..................
San Antonio..................................
San Diego .....................................
San Francisco PMSA ..................
San Jose PMSA...........................
Seattle PMSA................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater
Washington D.C............................. .

1,158
1,320
1,059
652
1,459
506
561
2,890
667
835
638
1,910
425
957
1,916

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

82.5
79.7
73.9
83.0
82.2
78.2
85.6
81.9
82.2
80.3
75.7
82.9
79.8
77.0
83.0

6.5
6.5
5.6
5.1
4.1
4.8
6.5
4.1
3.6
4.1
4.0
5.9
5.2
5.2
4.0

12.9
26.6

24.3
14.5
15.6
22.9
18.7
20.4
26.9

9.3
9.4
13.6

20.0

11.2

24.8
21.9
13.4
18.3

13.8
14.3

21.6

540

100.0

80.2

7.0

11.0

554
1,500
600
781
3,857
441
403
861
675
1,235
1,319
523
3,623
942

100.0

84.0
81.2
76.2
77.7
80.0
83.5
76.1
82.6
81.0
79.6
76.4
77.0
76.3
82.1

4.5
5.7
5.8
5.3
4.1
3.7
5.9
5.0
2.7
4.4
5.4
4.9
3.9
4.9

23.7

70.0
77.0
73.8
79.7
78.5
81.4
76.5

8.2

563
980
457
2,209
922
960
577
568
872
453
595
1,093
450
500
910
846
710
909
912
1,962

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.7
74.1
78.3
64.0
82.7
71.8
71.4
71.8
74.4
82.6
77.3
80.0

100.0

66.2

100.0

77.2
79.0
78.4
83.4
76.6
60.5
81.1
75.0
80.8
80.5
76.1
76.6
80.3
77.8
71.8
71.4
75.8

4.8
3.8
5.5
8.9
4.9
3.5
5.4
7.8
3.9
6.0

4.8
3.6
6.2

5.9
4.1
2.2

4.3
7.6
5.7

11.0

16.4
16.6
23.5
21.3
17.0
10.5
24.9
22.6

15.2
8.7
12.1

8.0

4.4
7.9
5.4
6.6

19.9
19.3
17.2
21.3

6.5
7.3
5.7
8.3
9.3

21.4
21.5

10.4
13.7

21.6

20.8

20.7
28.2

11.6

6.0

20.8

6.9
7.6
7.4
5.7
8.5

17.2
24.0

8.0

20.8

9.8

7.5
5.2

4.7
4.7
6.9
6.5
5.5
5.4
5.9

12.3
15.5

6.0

6.6

6.1

4.7

21.1

6.0

21.2

8.0

4.9
4.5

6.8

8.7
5.3

21.3

4.6

20.9
19.9

12.3
12.3
14.7
17.3
10.5
15.5
15.5

22.6

12.1

7.7

3.2

5.9

25.3

9.0

22.0

12.2

20.3
5.6

3.4
5.3
5.6

4.6
6.4
7.2

17.4
20.7
18.6
18.6

16.1
8.9
5.9
7.2
6.7
7.6
4.6

17.6
22.9
19.4
19.7

10.9
11.7
15.0
15.3

22.0

11.0

23.5

10.6

21.0

17.9
9.3
12.7
14.4
17.2
16.6
16.3

12.6
11.0

8.2

22.1

10.8

11.0

8.6

8.0

10.0

15.3

8.2

12.0

9.3
7.4
5.7
5.7
8.9
5.5
3.2

5.0
6.3

9.6
4.8
19.2
13.7
9.8
5.5
4.2

8.1

8.9
5.1
5.7
6.5
7.1

8.0

6.1

20.8

10.1

10.6

6.7

9.3
16.7
11.3
17.3
14.5
15.1
13.9

6.9
9.4
7.6
9.2
10.9

2.5
7.3
3.6
3.6
4.4
4.1

4.5
7.2
4.8
5.3
4.6
5.2
6.7

10.8

9.8

8.1

28.4
16.3
30.2
7.1
19.5
13.6
9.1
15.1

19.2
10.7
24.0
3.0
13.3

10.0

5.0
32.1
15.0
7.3
2.7

3.4
4.1
3.0
5.0
4.1
4.0
4.6
2.7

6.6

8.2

10.2

8.7
7.7

36.3
19.0
11.9
5.4

19.3
22.1

10.2

5.1
12.1

9.2
5.6

3.7
4.9

6.2

2.2

4.1

5.4
7.5
6.7
4.6
3.5
7.4
5.1
6.5
5.1
5.6

6.2

21.2

19.6
20.0

20.5
24.2
22.4

21.6

21.0

19.4
24.7
20.5
19.1
17.9
23.0
15.1
17.3
23.1
20.8

8.1
6.2
8.1

20.8

22.5
19.5

25.3
21.5
19.6

10.2

21.2

7.0
12.4

23.4
26.7
21.4

11.1

6.3
7.7

20.3
17.8
19.7
22.9

8.6

7.2

18.1
19.5
22.4
26.5

15.4
8.6

12.8

23.0
14.5
17.9
14.1
13.1

8.6

21.8

6.9

25.4

11.2

22.2

8.1

21.8

12.2

17.2
22.7
18.4

6.0

4.0
4.7

21.6

6.1

20.9
18.3
18.8
17.8
22.3
18.7
23.1

13.1
16.9
13.0
26.5

21.4
21.3

6.7
7.1

21.8

6.2

19.1
17.6
15.7
19.8
23.6
15.6

7.3
9.8
5.0
8.0

9.0
6.8

20.8

25.5
18.3
19.5
22.5
27.0

12.1

19.9
19.2
18.0
15.9
8.6

13.8
12.3
28.7

Cities:

Baltimore........................................
Chicago...........................................
Cleveland .......................................
Dallas...............................................
Detroit.............................................
District of Columbia......................
Houston................................ ..........
Indianapolis....................................
Los Angeles...................................
Milwaukee .......................................
New York ........................................
Philadelphia....................................
Phoenix............................................
St. Louis..........................................
San Antonio...................................
San Diego ......................................
San Francisco ...............................

292
1,238
196
540
333
305
795
363
1,504
275
3,014
639
452
165
344
425
399

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.4
3.0
3.7
5.8
1.4
3.8
5.0
5.5
3.8
4.1
3.6
4.9
8.7
3.1
5.7
5.0
3.0

14.8
18.9
23.0
13.1
24.5
3.0
9.1
15.5
22.3
23.3
11.7
11.5
13.0
16.7
8.2

13.0

116

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

130

15.3
7.0
20.8

.5
5.3
10.4
13.6
19.9
3.7
5.6
8.4
9.9
4.0
10.3
4.5

6.1

5.3
5.5
5.7
5.5
5.2
4.6

19.8
17.6
19.3

6.7
7.2
5.6

22.8

10.6

17.8

4.9
5.2
9.2

3.7
2.5
3.8
5.1
8.7
3.5

6.2

23.2

7.5
4.3
4.5

20.1

6.2
6.8

8.0

6.2

5.9
4.6
6.7
4.2

5.8
4.7
5.7
4.8
3.6
5.1

18.9
19.3
14.9
16.0

2.8

7.1

12.1

20.6

19.8
22.6

17.0
17.5

6.4
12.8
6.6

10.5
4.7
6.9
8.0

9.7

25.2
26.6
21.3
24.9
22.6

31.8
23.7
20.3
24.6
22.9
27.0
31.6

20.2

14.9
18.4
10.7
18.7
33.8
11.4
17.9
9.5
15.8
16.6
18.2

22.6

10.8

27.9
23.3
24.7
28.9

19.8
19.6
19.6
14.8

Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians In nonagricultural industries by
sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Private nonagricultural wage and salary wor kers

Total employed1

Manufacturing
Population group and area

Number
(in thousands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

rransportation,
communi­
cations,
ind public
utilities

Trade
-r -4

Finance,
nsurance,
and real
estate

Services3

ment

Men

Metropolitan areas:4

Cincinnati PMSA ...............................

Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA............................................

Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...

New York PMSA ..............................

6.3

29.0
17.6
20.9
23.8
23.3
27.6
29.1
24.1
32.9
28.4
18.5
21.4
27.5
16.6
36.5

11.0

84.7
82.3
77.8
78.6
79.9
85.3
76.8
82.0
79.8
81.7
76.6
76.3
74.9
81.6
67.8
77.1
72.6
77.9
79.5
80.2
77.0

100.0

82.5
81.5
74.4
82.7
81.4
78.1
85.9
81.8
83.9
79.4
76.0
84.2
79.0
78.3
85.4

300

100.0

80.0

293
850
312
424

100.0

2,201

100.0

675
715
581
376
750
273
302
1,592
367
463
345
1,083
219
518
1,057

Atlanta................................................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

247
219
475
379
658
753
300
1,997
515

100.0

290
538
248

100.0

1,200

100.0

516
545
318

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.2

10.4
9.4
8.2

7.2
7.9
10.9
6.7
5.7
6.4
6.5
9.3
9.1

Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA...........................................

301
508
256
314
595
255
287
496
460
408
499
482
1,059

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater
Washington D.C...............................

100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

6.0

17.5

6.7
3.5
4.2
5.2
4.7
4.5
5.5
5.6
4.5
5.5
3.3

5.7
5.8
8.3
8.0

7.7
6.4
7.8
7.3
6.4
8.5

20.1
21.1

19.4
17.7
18.5
23.5
22.0

19.6
8.1

11.3
14.4
6.5
10.9
10.1

13.8
15.6
8.5
14.8
13.8
9.4

7.6
8.7
9.8
8.7

29.5
15.4
20.6

11.8

3.0
7.7
5.7
8.9

6.0

21.2

26.4
7.8
15.6

6.6

26.9
28.6
19.5

18.9
18.3
12.5

10.3
5.7
4.1
4.5
4.6
5.3
3.5
5.9
4.7
5.2

14.4
17.1
13.9
13.2
17.6
15.9
16.9

9.0
9.1
13.8
13.2
9.3

10.8

16.9
20.7
19.1
18.2
18.5
19.8
17.8
25.5

6.3
9.1
8.4
4.0
6.9

21.2
11.2

10.2

6.0

25.1
16.5

6.2

31.9
26.7
17.0
12.3
11.9

8.1

14.6
7.6
5.6
9.1
13.8

8.8

7.7

8.0

5.7

7.1

20.1

17.6

8.0

8.4
5.0

5.1
4.0
6.9

8.2
10.1

21.8

6.2

7.8

22.8

11.8

11.1

8.6

17.0
17.4

11.4
8.5

12.5
15.4
16.9
14.4
20.5
16.2

13.7
20.7
13.7

11.5

19.9
19.7

3.1
5.5
5.1
4.9
6.3
4.5
5.7

9.6
14.4
17.7
19.0
16.7
17.8
17.5

23.7
13.8
16.7
14.0
9.8

13.7

13.2
14.8
7.2
24.6
10.7

21.0

17.4
20.5
15.8

21.0

10.0

26.8
17.1
10.9
18.7
11.3
40.1
26.1
15.6

11.8

21.0

8.0

15.5
8.3
12.7

20.0

7.6
5.9
9.8
9.5
3.4
7.3

10.0

6.6

10.6

6.6

8.0

10.3
7.0
4.1

7.8
9.7
13.0
5.5
9.4

18.2
20.8

10.2

79.7
77.5
77.7
85.1
79.8
64.1
82.3
75.4
80.8
81.4
74.7
73.5
80.9
81.0
70.4
74.2
76.4

100.0

6.8

10.6

100.0

100.0

6.6

18.3
19.3
16.9

18.5

9.1

100.0

8.1

8.6

5.5

66.8

100.0

6.6

9.2
10.0

24.8

100.0

100.0

7.5
13.3
5.8
9.4
14.4
9.8
13.6

16.5
16.7
15.7
16.0
21.5
13.2
12.3
18.3
15.1
15.0
13.9
17.7
13.3
17.1
15.7

7.4

39.1

100.0

13.4
10.5
17.6
18.2
14.7
14.2
19.4
20.3
11.9
15.1

4.5
4.8
3.3

3.0

30.2

100.0

21.1

9.8

6.2

100.0

17.1

10.8

12.8

9.4
12.4

100.0

5.2

6.6

31.7

8.1

79.5
75.2
80.7
63.1
84.1
72.8
70.7
72.1
74.8
84.2
79.4
79.8

100.0

7.0

11.0

6.3
6.3
5.4
4.8

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
100.0

21.9

11.8

12.0

8.9
12.3
13.0
15.5
12.1

21.5
14.4
31.5
4.5
19.3
13.8
7.6
15.7
7.1
35.8
20.9
10.1

6.8

2.3
8.7
4.8
8.7
4.4
5.0
3.7
8.7
6.6

7.6
5.5
7.5
3.3
3.2
2.9
4.3
4.4
5.2
5.5

5.8
8.7
6.3
6.9
5.6
7.4
7.9

20.1

16.7
19.2
20.8

23.7

4.9
6.9
1.9
7.0

18.0
20.3
17.6

3.1
2.2

12.1

20.1

10.2

19.5
20.7
22.9
18.1
18.5
16.9
18.9

1.9
4./
5.6
4.8
4.5
7.7
4.1
5.3
7.0
5.9

13.3
14.6
13.9
16.5
17.0
21.4
13.6
13.5
16.5
21.3

3.8
4.5
3.1
7.8
2.4
5.2
6.5
4.1
4.5
6.4
11.9
3.0
7.2
4.9

19.0
19.8
12.9
23.9
17.7
27.7
19.4
14.4

8.3
5.3
4.3
9.2
6.1
8.0

5.5
6.7

22.8

7.4

19.6
19.0
19.1
22.4
15.7
14.8
23.9
16.4
19.8
20.4
17.1
17.5

6.0

20.2

4.1
3.0

8.4
5.3
4.5

19.0
23.9
18.0

6.0

8.1

20.0

6.8

4.0

2.8

19.0

8.2

7.8

9.1
7.5
6.4
5.0
3.3
5.3
5.0

6.6

30.7
14.6
35.3
4.0
12.3
20.5
25.0
27.5
11.3
14.9
16.1
23.5
9.8
15.7

10.9
13.1
23.2
8.3
30.3
.7
7.0
15.5
16.8
23.7
4.4
9.1
10.3
16.9
5.8
12.7

12.1

6.1

16.9

12.1

15.7
15.0
15.6
11.2

10.2

9.7

19.8
15.2
14.6
6.9
11.3
10.8

27.4

Cities:

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
..
..
..
..
..
..

152
665
105
295
172
152
444
191
867
152
1,654
332
243
82
200

232
230

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.4
5.3
6.2
10.1
2.1
6.8

8.3
9.7
6.0
6.0

5.7
8.6

13.7
5.1
9.0
8.2

4.8

22.2

3.8
6.9
5.9
5.7
6.6

6.6

5.6
7.0
10.2

4.2
7.4
8.1

21.1

13.7
20.6

21.9
17.6
20.1

6.1

16.2

6.1

21.6

6.4

25.1

J--------

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.2

5.7
5.5

16.4
14.2
16.9
7.7
15.2
28.3
8.7
16.7
7.7
14.4
16.0
19.5
7.8
17.3
20.3
15.3
15.1

13I

Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians In nonagricultural industries bv
sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
7
Total e mployed1

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

TransporNon­
durable
goods

communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance
and real
estate

Services3

Govern­
ment

Women

Metropolitan areas:4

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA..
Atlanta....................................
Baltimore................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ........
Boston PMSA........................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill .
Chicago PMSA........................
Cincinnati PMSA .....................
Cleveland PMSA.....................
Columbus, Ohio.......................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ......
Dayton-Springfield...................
Denver-Boulder CMSA..........
Detroit PMSA...........................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodHartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA........................................
Houston PMSA..............................
Indianapolis....................................
Kansas City....................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA
Louisville..........................................
Memphis..........................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA....................
Milwaukee PMSA..........................
Mmneapolis-St. Paul.....................
Nassau-Suflolk PMSA..................
New Orleans..................................
New York PMSA ...........................
Newark PMSA...............................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News..........................................
Oakland PMSA...............................
Oklahoma City................................
Philadelphia PMSA ........................
Phoenix............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA ...
Portland, Ore. PMSA.....................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA..........................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA .
Rochester.........................................
Sacramento......................................
St. Louis..........................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ....................
San Antonio....................................
San Diego ........................................
San Francisco PMSA ....................
San Jose PMSA.............................
Seattle PMSA.................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

100.0

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

483
604
478
276
710
233
259
1,299
300
372
293
827
206
439
859

100.0

..

241

100.0

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

261
651
288
357
1,656
194
184
386
296
577
567
223
1,626
427

100.0

.
.
.
.
.
.

273
443
209
1,009
407
415
259
267
364
197
281
498
195
213
413
387
302
410
430
903

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

82.4
77.6
73.3
83.5
83.1
78.3
85.2
82.0
80.2
81.5
75.3
81.3
80.6
75.6
80.1

1.5

17.7
10.7
9.2

.9

21.8

.8

13.8

12.3
4.6
4.3
7.9
9.4

1.3
1.4
.9

12.0

6.0

24.2
15.1
14.8
13.8
7.3
14.2
15.2

1.8
1.0

5.4

3.5
5.7
5.7
4.4
4.1

3.3
4.4
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.4
5.2
4.8
3.0
4.1
3.7
5.8
2.9
4.7
2.9

6.1

4.9
13.8
4.4
5.9
17.7
7.7
7.8

1.7

8.6

1.2

14.4

6.5
7.5
7.0
6.9
3.8
8.5
9.5
4.3
10.3

80.5

2.1

8.7

5.1

3.6

83.2
79.7
74.5
76.6
80.1
81.2
75.3
83.4
82.4
77.2
76.3
77.9
78.1
82.7

1.1

17.3
5.1

13.4

3.9

2.8

2.2

11.1

5.6
4.8
10.5
3.9

5.5
7.0
8.5

6.2

7.8
7.7
4.3
7.5
5.9

72.4
76.8
75.3
81.8
77.3
82.8
75.9
84.1
72.7
75.2
65.0
81.0
70.5
72.3
71.4
73.9
80.6
74.8
80.1
65.5

1.1

1.4
1.1

1.5
1.0

1.7
1.5
1.2

11.8

.7
.5

19.0

2.1

14.0
10.9
16.0
18.0
12.9
3.9
12.4
18.2

.9
1.1

1.4
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0

12.0

3.2
11.6

10.5
7.0
1.7
3.2

10.9

5.4
8.3
4.5
7.1

1.5
1.0

.9
1.5

26.3
9.6
18.5
3.9

16.5
5.5
14.3
1.4

10.8

6.2

.6

9.0

5.6

1.3

6.8

1.6

1.6

10.9
8.4
31.1
10.3
7.8
3.8

7.8

1.2
.6

.7
2.9
1.8

26.4

14.3

3.0
4.5
4.4
6.4
4.3
2.3
5.9

17.9
20.7
24.3
19.2
18.7
22.4
21.4
23.6

22.6

21.3
30.4
25.4
27.5
27.8
33.1
26.0
30.5
33.0
24.5
26.9
35.5
34.2
27.6

13.1
15.2
16.3
17.9
13.3
14.0
20.8
10.6
12.7
17.0
19.3
18.7
17.1
14.7

27.2
25.6
28.1
35.5
28.2
35.5
26.9

22.2
15.3
19.2
14.2
17.3
12.5
15.3

29.2
26.8
27.0
22.7
31 5
24 8

12.9
20.0
20.6
28.7
13.8
20.5
18.4
21.5
17.4
11.0
17.0
14.0
30.3

6.6

3.2
4.1
4.3
3.2
4.0
4.4

2.3

12.8

1.0

7.7

9.7
4.1
4.3
2.5
4.6
3.4
5.2
3.0
5.8
3.8
2.5
3.6

1.1

2.6

27.2
7.8
4.2

12.1

13.3

3.0
5.5
2.9
3.5
3.4
2.3
5.2

2.7
.9
.9

22.8

10.3

26.0

2.7
5.6
2.3
7.4
2.5
3.6
4.5

6.2
6.1

10.1

10.4
10.7
7.1

11.9
18.0
22.2
12.0
12.0
16.6
11.1
14.1
15.1
15.9
19.4
13.0
16.3
17.6
15.5

4.0

2.0

8.4

11.6

2.2

9.3

8.9

28.3
27.2
28.8
27.2
35.2
29.7

8.6

22.8

10.2

11.8

8.1

8.1

9.3
10.3

31.0
27.8
31.8
26.1
24.9
29.6
26.1
31.1

8.1

1.3
1.4
1.7

4.7

6.8

22.4
23.2
21.9
19.4
17.4
22.9
21.4
19.8

2.2

2.7
3.6
4.3
4.7
3.5
2.5
5.2
3.8
4.7
4.6
4.3

22.8

23.0
24.9

12.0

22.8

11.1

24.2
20.9

12.6

7.6

13.1
7.8
10.5
9.6
10.7
5.9
10.8

21.1

8.1

17.8
18.1
24.6
12.7
17.1

11.3
13.0

26.4
22.2

20.5
19.0
20.3
25.7
20.3
16.3
26.1
19.4
23.3
23.8
22.0

8.1

13.6
14.3
9.7
10.4
12.8

9.9
11.6

9.9
11.1

9.2
6.4
6.5
10.7
9.1
9.1

20.3

8.1

20.2

10.8

16.6
14.1

12.2

24.6
14.0

11.1

7.9

25.5
30.4
24.7
26.8
29 2
33.6

9.8
10.4
8.4
13.9
7.7
5.3
12.7
8.5
9.9
6.3
13.8
10.5
14.4
4.5
7.9
10.4
14.3

31.9
34.5
30.9
26.0
27.9
35.8
29.0
26.7
29 3
34.2
34.7
42.1
28.4
35 5
33.2
28 5
34.0

20.8

1.2

2.6

10.2

2.0

8.2

2.6

20.0

6.7

.8

15.1
14.1

.7

11.2

.6

.9

2.1

.8

5.2
9.9
18.5
18.2

5.4
10.7
.4
3.2
4.8
9.1
15.2
2.9

4.3
5.6
5.4
3.8
3.5
5.1
4.4
4.4

16.0
19.5
23.2

13.1

8.3
7.9
5.8
2.4
1.7
1.9
5.1
9.4
3.0
9.3

6.3
11.4

Cities:

Baltimore...................
Chicago .....................
Cleveland..................
Dallas.........................
Detroit........................
District of Columbia .
Houston.....................
Indianapolis...............
Los Angeles..............
Milwaukee ................
New York ..................
Philadelphia...............
Phoenix......................
St. Louis....................
San Antonio..............
San Diego................ .
San Francisco .........

140
572
92
245
161
154
351
173
637
123
1,360
307
209
83
144
193
169

100.0

74.5
80.7
79.3
81.4
73.2
56.9
79.6
74.6
80.8
79.4
77.9
79.9
79.7
74.8
73.7

<s)
.4

100.0

68.1

1.1

100.0

75.0

.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

.8

.9
1.8
1.0

12.2

.9
3.0

7.8
9.4
9.9
5.9
9.9

1.1
1.2

10.8

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

132

6.2

1.8

6.0

6.2

3.2

3.1
1.4
7.3
2.3

6.8

4.5
2.6

8.5

.8

3.9
4.0
3.2
3.1
4.2
2.5
1.0

20.0

9.4
22.3
24.2
17.7
18.1
12.1

14.5
21.0

20.5
20.8

15.8
14.2

24.4
15.7

20.1
14.2
22.5
39.2
14.9
19.2

12.0
17.5
17.4
16.8
14.3
22.2
18.5
24.8
14.5

Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries by
sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers

Total employed1

Manufacturing
Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Non­
durable
goods

T ransportation,
communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
nsurance,
and real
estate

Services3

ment

White

Metropolitan areas:4

1,067
961
786
589
1,356
479
446
2,252
576
695
569
1,564
384
883
1,583

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA.............
Atlanta................................................
Baltimore............................................

Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA...........

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood478
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA............................................

510
1,224
510
667
3,099
408
264
700
614
1,171
1,219
361
2,625
763

Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...

New York PMSA ..............................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport

340
755
406
1,820
879
900
537

Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...

546
804
424
520
970
431
466
820
629
569
797
798
1,433

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

82.6
80.6
75.2
83.4
82.3
78.9
85.5
84.3
84.1
82.3
76.0
83.9
80.6
77.2
84.5

6.9
7.4
6.3
5.3
4.3
5.1

6.8
4.7
3.8
4.5
4.1
6.7
5.2
5.2
4.5

23.6
13.7
16.3
23.2
18.5

20.1
26.5
20.4
25.7

22.0
13.5
18.1

21.2
13.2
26.8

80.7

6.5

11.2

84.4
82.3
77.7
78.8
81.3
83.6
78.9
84.8
81.5
79.8
77.4
79.6
76.9
82.6

4.9

23.8

6.1
6.1
5.6
4.6
3.8
6.3
5.2

2.6
4.4
5.7
5.8
4.5
5.4

11.2
17.1
17.1
24.8

21.0
14.1
10.9
25.3

22.6
15.2
9.8

12.2
21.1

71.4
78.5
74.9
81.7
78.9
81.6
76.7

9.2
5.9
4.2
5.7
9.1
5.2
3.7

9.7
15.8
11.4
18.3
14.4
15.4
13.5

82.0
74.9
77.8
65.2
83.0
71.9
71.1
71.3
74.7
82.2
77.4
81.1
68.9

5.5

28.4
16.5
29.7
7.6
19.6
13.0
9.3
15.4
8.5
32.8
18.9
11.3

8.1
4.1
6.7
5.1
3.6
6.3

6.1
4.2
2.5
4.8

8.0
6.4

6.0

21.4
19.9
20.3
20.4
28.1
20.4
17.0
24.0

10.1
11.7

6.2
8.7

20.0
22.0
19.1

10.1
12.5

21.0
20.7

8.1
6.2
8.7

20.3

5.3

21.0
22.1
21.0
23.1

16.5
8.9
14.4
15.1
10.4

25.7

9.6

22.0

11.8

4.7

17.9

20.0
22.0
18.5

17.6
22.7
18.7
19.7
21.9
23.9

10.3

6.6
7.5

15.5
9.8

6.7
5.8
5.9
13.8
5.1
7.8
15.6
9.0

4.6

11.1
7.7

6.0
5.6

5.6
5.6

6.0
6.4

6.1
5.0
4.6

4.8
6.9
4.5

7.8

3.5

5.6

20.6
6.1
11.2
9.1

3.2
5.1
5.9

8.0
8.8
9.2

10.3
4.6
6.4

5.7
5.9
. 5.9
9.1
5.2
3.6

10.0
8.9

8.1
10.6

6.0
6.4

16.9

8.0
10.4
9.4
13.4
12.3
10.9
11.4
14.7
14.3
7.9
12.5
15.1

8.2
22.3

16.0

11.8
8.4
5.0
19.4
13.6

10.0
6.3
4.0
10.5
7.0

8.8
7.7
9.9

10.8
10.9
9.6
19.0

10.8
23.7
3.5
13.8

10.0
5.2
12.3
4.8
28.2
15.2
7.0
2.9

8.2
5.2
6.6
4.9
4.8
6.9
6.5

5.2
5.5
6.5
7.3

19.4
23.0

6.6
8.4

20.8
19.8

6.2
8.0
9.2

17.4

22.1
20.7
20.8
21.0
22.0
244
22.4

18.6

21.1
19.9
25.4

21.2
19.2
18.6
23.2
15.4
17.7

2.7
7.1
3.6
8.3
3.6
4.6
3.9

4.3
7.3
4.7
5.3
4.5
5.3
6.7

21.6
21.1
20.1
18.6

9.4
5.7

3.7
4.9
2.3
5.2
7.9

17.5
23.2
18.9

6.8
4.5

21.4

6.0
4.2
5.9
3.1
4.1
3.0
3.8
4.7
3.7
4.3
3.1

3.4

6.8
5.4
6.4
4.9
5.7

20.1
23.3
22.2

22.0
21.5
21.8
18.7
17.9
16.0
19.9
24.4
16.2

6.3
7.6
7.8
7.6

6.1
7.3
6.6
7.4
6.6
8.8
5.3
8.1
10.5

22.0
25.5
21.9
19.9
20.9

18.8
9.6
11.3
14.8
7.7
9.6

10.2
12.7
13.6
9.4

10.1
14.9
7.4

12.0
14.1
16.2
12.7
14.7

8.3
13.2

21.8
25.5

11.1

20.9

11.6

7.6
8.4
9.5
7.5
8.7

18.7
19.7
22.3
26.3
21.7
24.9

19.1

6.6
8.0
6.0
3.9

22.0
20.8
18.2

11.8
16.9
11.9

12.6
10.6
11.4

4.9
6.4
7.1
7.3
6.4
7.5
9.0
5.3
7.8
9.6
7.3

17.7
17.2
21.4
18.9
22.4

12.7
15.8
13.6
24.9
11.3
19.7
19.3

20.2
28.4
20.1
19.4

8.3
13.4

22.5
27.3

25.5

12.1
7.3

21.0
27.7

6.3
11.9
3.2

20.4
25.4
28.7
37.9
22.7
19.2
24.5
24.3
25.9
32.5
22.5
25.3
22.4
24.4
32.4

11.0

Cities:

123
753

111
362
.
.
New York ......................................... .
.
.
.
.
.
.

77
105
598
275
1,169
220
2,084
398
423
102
325
376
254

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

79.4
84.2
84.5
87.0
82.5
65.3
82.0
77.0
82.4
81.9
76.8
79.7
81.0
81.0
71.3
71.2
75.6

5.8
3.8
4.9
7.5
2.4
2.3
5.4

6.0
4.4
4.0
4.1
4.9
9.2
3.2

6.0
5.0
2.6

12.8
21.2
24.1
12.8
23.4
5.1
9.4
16.5
23.6
23.8

11.6
12.0
12.6
18.9
8.3
13.7
9.0

See footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

133

6.3

12.0
16.3
6.8
18.1
.6
5.8
11.0
14.2
20.5
3.5

6.2
8.1
12.9
4.0

10.6
4.2

6.4
9.2
7.8
5.9
5.3
4.5
3.6
5.5
9.4
3.3

5.1
5.2

8.0
5.8

6.0
5.9

4.5

4.5

6.0

4.2
3.1
4.8

3.5
4.3

22.6
19.0
22.6
22.8
21.0
9.1

6.1
8.2
3.7

22.4
20.4
19.4

4.4

20.8
15.2

6.1
5.4

8.1

4.8
3.0
5.1

17.0

21.2
20.8
22.4
16.7
16.3

6.6
10.8
6.7
6.7
4.6
13.9
7.3
10.9
4.7
7.2

8.2

10.2
J--------------

16.9
9.0
12.7
6.3

10.8

24.9
9.2
14.7

14.2
14.3
15.3

13.4
J.------------

Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians in nonagricultural industries
by
sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Total employed1

Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers
Manufacturing

Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construe
tion

Total

Durable
goods

Transpor
Non­
durable
goods

communi
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance
and real
estate

Services3

Government

Black

Metropolitan areas:4
Atlanta....................................
Baltimore..................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ................
Boston PMSA.........................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill........
Chicago PMSA .............................
Cincinnati PMSA .............................
Cleveland PMSA........................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ...............
Dayton-Springfield....................
Denver-Boulder CMSA...................
Detroit PMSA..................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA............
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA................................
Houston PMSA..........................
Kansas City.............................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA.........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA..............
New Orleans.......................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport

43
73
105
532
87
131
61
296
41
50
294
54
40
213

86
106
359
134
153
56
78
155
769
154

212
108
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA..........................
St. Louis.................................
San Francisco PMSA..................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C...........................

34
349
50
16
115
64
97
447

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

70.3
79.6
77.0
84.7
71.2
69.9
70.9
73.6
77.6
69.7.

73.2

5.7

16.7
13.4
20.5
14.9
26.0
17.2
19.1

22.2
2.3
t2

5.5

22.3

72.3
72.2
75.0
62.4
71.1
72.8
79.8

68.6

60.8
69.2
75.0

10.0
12.5

8.7
15.0
9.6
9.3
19.2
4.0

16.3
3.8

2.6

13.0
15.2
23.3

8.8
5.1
11.0
12.3

8.6

21.9
16.7

4.0
17.2

17

6.1
10.0
19.7
7.0
1.5
1.3
4.8
.9
_

63.7
72.3
57.2

6.2
8.1
11.5
10.2
9.3

8.7

110

76.7

8.5

5.7

8.1
3.6
4.4
8.5

8.1

7.1
12.4
3.4
15.8
7.9
10.4
7.2

4.5
6.4

13.5
14.1

6.6
3.5

21.8
22.0
22.5
22.8
16.8

7.4
7.1
4.2
7.7
5.7

31.3
19.0
23.8
25.0
23.2
25.5
19.8
11.7
24.5
19.8

19.5
27.9
13.2
20.3
13.2
24.8
27.5
26.3
23.2
18.8
26.3
27.0
21.9
18.0

22.2

9.4

20.0

3.2

19.8

3.6
6.7
5.1

11.3
24.7
19.5

18.5

19.1

20.0
15.4

22.0
22.8
18.8
22.6
19.6

20.2
27.7

8.6

23.7
6.4
4.7
7.2

7.9
4.2
10.9
4.7
4.6
8.5
2.5
5.6

10.1

8.0

30.9
19.0

26.7
10.4
6.9
6.7
1.5

4.2
8.5
3.3
7.0
1.7

6.9
7.5
13.9
6.5
21.7
.5
3.9

9.6
7.6
7.6

3.3

11.8
11.4

26.0
25.3

1.0
6.1
6.2
3.8

12.0
2.9

10.2
13.8

12.0
22.0
13.8

4.1
4.3

6.9
5.8

8.7
14.6
5.0
12.3

5.4

19.1
17.2
14.8

2.0
7.5
6.0
1.6
3.4

11.2
2.2
2.6
2.2
6.9
2.1

6.5

7.2
6.3
7.2
4.6
7.5
7.6
2.9
4.8
5.7

8.8
3.6

9.9
4.6
9.4
4.6
7.2
6.9
7.1
8.7

18.9
18.7

12.1
9.9
22.6
12.4
14.7

6.6
.8
5.2
14.5

6.8
10.8
10.5
4.4

25.5
17.4

20.0
26.6
30.2
23.5

25.6
23.7
24.1
18.5

21.0

34.0
25.2
23.6
18.8

4.9
5.9
3.4
5.9
4.6

24.5
19.7
18.0
13.2
11.9

5.6
11.4

27.4
35.2

29.7
28.0
32.9
26.6
22.5

2.9
4.7

10.5
19.3
9.7
17.6
13.2

5.9
4.2
3.7
4.7
5.1

25.3
30.0
23.2
24.7
25.8

18.2
18.8
31.5
22.5
39.8

17.9
13.9
14.8
22.3
17.1

2.8
6.9

28.6
24.8
22.5
23.2
20.4
28.4
25.0

23.1
26.4
25.9

12.2
5.4
5.9

4.5
6.3

2.6

17.2

20.2
30.4

Cities:
Baltimore..................................
Chicago ..........................
Cleveland .....................
Dallas............................
Detroit....................................
District of Columbia ........................
Houston.....................................
Indianapolis.................................
Los Angeles...............................
Milwaukee.................................

St. Louis..................................

166
428
85
167
250
192
164

86

174
53
715
228
61

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

75.2
74.9

2.2
1.1

78.2

3.3

16.5
15.2
21.5
13.3
24.8

8.0

12.5

100.0
100.0
100.0

10.0
10.7
13.3

8.8
7.6
17.8
4.3
4.5
5.2

6.8

3.1
1.4
4.1
3.8
3.5
4.1
5./

6.2
8.1

5.3
6.5
5.1

19.5
14.6
11.4

4.5
7.9
5.6
4.7
4.8
4.7
6.3
14.0

7.4
5.8
1.9

12.0
13.8

11.0
5.8

18.4

4.8

3.3
4.5
4.6
5.0
4.8
3.1

21.1
11.8
13.7

2.7
4.2
5.0
4.1
3.7
5.2

6.0

5.9
4.8
7.7
5.1

10.0
4.9

12.8
26.4

20.8
21.0
39.4

22.8
25.6

19.2
27.7
24.3

18.2
29.8
30.2
32.4

23.7
25.7
25.8

21.6

Hispanic origin

Metropolitan areas:4
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA...........
Bergen-Passaic PMSA....................
Boston PMSA...........................
Chicago PMSA .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Denver-Boulder CMSA ................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA.............
Houston PMSA................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .....................

201
64
32
240

201
84
37

211
1,129
447
76

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

90.3
87.2
82.9
91.7
89.2
74.9

4.2
16.1
6.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.5
85.9
87.8

12.2
5.5

86.8
85.3

5.8
3.8

1.1

5.5

35.1
41.6
32.2
33.0
26.1
18.8
15.5
14.5
36.8
13.6
30.4

e footnotes at end of table.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

134

23.0
18.0
16.8

20.2
14.2
9.2
10.9

10.1
20.2
6.5
23.0

12.1

23.6
15.4

12.8
11.8
9.5
4.6
4.4
16.6
7.2

JLi

3.5
6.4
3.9
7.8
4.7

24.7
19.3
25.1
34.3

22.6
19.8
27.6
14.2

6.8

9.6
3.7
9.3
10.7

15.4

22.0
26.5
20.7
19.3
16.2

20.0
19.3
18.0

22.6
21.6

5.2
7.3
14.6
5.1
4.5
19.3
10.9

8.6
6.8
4.9
10.1

Table 27. Selected metropolitan areas and cities: Percent distribution of employed civilians In nonagricultural industries by
sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 1987 annual averages—Continued
Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers

Total employed1

Manufacturing
Population group and area

Number
(in thou­
sands)

Percent

Total2

Construc­
tion

Durable
goods

Total

Non­
durable
goods

Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cations,
and public
utilities

Trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Services3

Govern­
ment

Hispanic origin—Continued

Metropolitan areas:4
New York PMSA ..............................

Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Sacramento........................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Diego ..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose PMSA...............................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

644
70
95
40
124
178
56
25
227
131
106
91
42

66

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.5
89.9
83.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

91.0
89.8
75.0
86.5
91.1
81.3
90.3
71.3
72.5
78.8

86.2
84.4
81.8
51.2
73.4
71.5
73.1
79.1
83.3
81.6
71.1

2.7
4.5
5.3
4.7
8.9
9.3

6.2
2.5
7.2
7.5
5.8

.2
3.3
6.8

18.9
37.4

6.0

18.2
24.5
9.7
23.1
10.3
17.0
9.1
39.7
10.7

16.0
9.6
16.4
11.5
14.3
5.0
19.1
5.1
13.1
4.6
31.2
5.5

1.6

.2

34.6
22.7
2.3
12.3
39.3
18.8
18.7
9.7
15.1

22.4
10.4

21.0
33.7

12.9
21.4
11.4
17.3
6.7

10.1
4.7
3.9
5.2
3.9
4.5
8.4
5.2
1.4

4.6
5.5
8.3
7.2
3.8
3.4

6.6
7.8
4.6
3.1
6.9
5.4
9.4
5.5

19.5

20.2
28.7
15.4
20.3
22.9
16.8
14 8
22.3

11.8
4.4
6.1.9
9.3
5.3
3.8
4.8
4.7

24.0
17.8
13.5
24.3
23.4
16.3

13.9
5.4

8.1
22.0
17.6

40.2
22.5

28.0
15.8
27.2

14.1
8.9
12.4
23.9

14.9

21.1
19.2
21.0
24.4

6.8
9.9

23.7

10.7

22.8

3.9

22.4

1.8
7.4
6.6
2.3

22.0
13.4

4.5
6.4
8.7
9.5

21.8
18.1

1.3

6.6

12.6
8.8
11.1
14.4
22.8
17.0

Cities:
Chicago ..............................................
Dallas..................................................
District of Columbia .........................
Houston..............................................
Los Angeles.......................................

176
65
13
147
430
604

San Antonio......................................
San Diego.........................................
San Francisco .................................

194
62
65

68

3.7
18.7

11.1
12.0
4.6
2.5
3.7
6.7

6.8
3.5

1 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers and mining.
2 Includes mining.
3 Excludes private household workers.
4 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary Defini­
tions”.


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1.1
8.2
19.4
6.0
7.8
4.5

12.8
4.0

11.0

12.1
12.4
1.2
4.1
19.9

12.8

10.9
5.2
2.4
7.0

4.4
4.5
3.8

.8
2.0

24.4
23.1
19.9
24.9
23.6

11.7

20.1
22.5

7.1
5.1

2.6
10.1
4.8

32.0
20.5
19.3
23.9
28.4

22.6
22.6
34.6

5.1
2.9
18.4

6.0

4.5
14.6

6.1

23.3
19.6
11.9

5NOTE:
Less than 500 persons employed or less than 0.05 percent of total employed.
Data for demographic groups are not shown when they do not meet BLS
publication standards of reliability for the particular area based on the sample in that
area. See appendix B. Items may not add to totals or compute to displayed percent­
ages because of rounding. Detail for race and Hispanic-origin groups will not add to
totals because data for the “other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are
included in both the white and black population groups.

135

Appendix A.
Concepts and Definitions
for Data Derived from the
Current Population Survey

Tables showing labor force status include provisional es­
and persons on layoff. (2) Job leavers are persons who quit
timates of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years
or otherwise terminated their employment voluntarily and
and over as well as data on the civilian labor force, unem­
immediately began looking for work. (3) Reentrants are per­
ployment rates, and labor force participation rates. Popula­
sons who previously worked at a full-time job lasting 2 weeks
tion estimates are revised by the Bureau of the Census each
or longer but were out of the labor force before looking for
year, and the revised estimates are incorporated into the CPS
work. (4) New entrants are persons who never worked at
labor force levels. This adjustment affects the estimates of
a full-time job lasting 2 weeks or longer.
labor force, employment, and unemployment but does not
The unemployment rate for all civilian workers represents the
affect percentages such as unemployment rates, participa­
number unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.
tion rates, or employment-population ratios.
The civilian laborforce participation rate is the ratio of the
The civilian labor force comprises all civilians classified
civilian labor force to the civilian noninstitutional population.
as employed or unemployed in accordance with the criteria
The civilian employment-population ratio is the percentage of
described below.
all employed civilians in the civilian noninstitutional population.
The employed are all civilians who did any work as paid
Hours of work statistics relate to the actual number of hours
employees or in their own business during the survey week,
worked during the survey week. For example, persons who
or who worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an
normally work 40 hours a week, but who were off on the
enterprise operated by a family member. Persons temporar­
Columbus Day holiday, would be reported as working 32
ily absent from a job because of illness, bad weather, a strike,
hours even though they were paid for the holiday. For per­
or for personal reasons are also counted as employed whether
sons working in more than one job, the figures relate to the
they were paid by their employer or were seeking other jobs.
number of hours worked in all jobs during the survey week,
The unemployed are all civilians who did not work during
with all hours credited to the major job.
the survey week, made specific efforts to find a job in the
Persons who worked 35 hours or more in the survey week
prior 4 weeks, and were available for work during the sur­
are designated as working full time; correspondingly, per­
vey week (except for temporary illness). Persons waiting to
sons who worked between 1 and 34 hours are designated as
be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off, or
working part time. Part-time workers are classified by their
waiting to report to a new job within 30 days, need not be
usual status at their present job (either full or part time) and
looking for work to be classified as unemployed.
by their reason for working part time during the survey week
Duration of unemployment represents the length of time
(economic or noneconomic). “Economic reasons” include:
(through the current survey week) during which persons clas­
Slack work, material shortages, repairs to plant or equip­
sified as unemployed have been continuously looking for
ment, start or termination of a job during the week, and ina­
work. For persons on layoff, duration of unemployment
bility to find full-time work. “Noneconomic reasons”
represents the number of full weeks since the termination
include: Labor dispute, bad weather, own illness, vacation,
of their most recent employment. A period of 2 weeks or
demands of home, school, no desire for full-time work, and
more during which a person was employed or ceased looking
full-time worker only during the peak season. Persons on
for work is considered to break the continuity of the present
full-time schedules include, in addition to those working 35
period of jobseeking. Duration of unemployment measures
hours or more, those who worked from 1 to 34 hours for
the length of a spell of unemployment currently in progress.
noneconomic reasons and usually work full time.
Hence, it should not be confused with a completed spell of
The distribution of employment by hours worked relates
unemployment.
to persons “at work” during the survey week. At-work data
Reasons for unemployment are divided into four major
differ from data on total employment because the latter in­
groups: (1) Job losers are persons whose employment ended
clude persons in the zero-hours-worked category, “with a
involuntarily and who immediately began looking for work,
job but not at work. ’ Included in this latter group are


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136

persons who were on vacation, ill, involved in a labor dis­
pute, or otherwise absent from their jobs for voluntary,
noneconomic reasons. These persons are classified accord­
ing to whether they usually work full or part time.
Occupation, industry, and class of worker data for the em­
ployed refer to the job held during the survey week. Per­
sons with two jobs or more are classified according to the
job in which they worked the most hours during the survey
week. The unemployed are classified according to the last
full-time civilian job held for 2 weeks or more. Beginning
with 1983 data, all occupational and industry data presented
in this bulletin are coded according to the classification sys­
tems used in the 1980 census, rather than the 1970 census
systems used through 1982. While this conversion had little
effect on industry-related data, the new occupational
categories are so radically different that their implementa­
tion represents a break in historical data series. Additional
information on the 1980 census occupational and industrial
classification systems appears in “Revisions in the Current


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Population Survey Beginning in January 1983” in the Febru­
ary 1983 issue of Employment and Earnings.
Race and Hispanic origin. Beginning with 1981 annual
averages, Geographic Profile presents racial data for white
and black workers. Before 1981, racial data were published
for white and “black and other” workers. The “other”
category consists primarily of American Indians, Alaskan
Natives, and Asians and Pacific Islanders.
Hispanic origin refers to persons who identified themselves
in the enumeration process as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban,
Central or South American, or of other Hispanic origin or
descent. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race; thus
they are included in both the white and black population groups.
A more detailed description of the concepts and defini­
tions used in the survey appears in Concepts and Methods
Used in Labor Force Statistics Derived from the Current
Population Survey (BLS Report 463) and the Explanatory
Notes of the BLS monthly publication Employment and
Earnings.

137

Appendix B.
Sampling and Estimation
Procedures and Sampling
Error Tables

The estimates presented in this bulletin are based on an­
nual averages of monthly data obtained from the CPS—a sam­
ple survey of the civilian noninstitutional population. The
survey is conducted each month by the Bureau of the Cen­
sus for BLS, and provides comprehensive data on the labor
force, the employed, and the unemployed, including such
characteristics as age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, marital sta­
tus, occupation, and industry. The survey also provides data
on the characteristics of those not in the labor force. The
information is collected by trained interviewers from a scien­
tifically selected sample designed to represent the civilian
noninsitutional population. Each month, about 59,500
occupied housing units are eligible for interview. Respon­
dents are interviewed using a standardized questionnaire to
obtain information about the employment status of each
household member 16 years of age and over. The reference
period is the calendar week, Sunday through Saturday, which
includes the 12th of the month. This is known as the survey
week. Actual field interviewing is conducted during the week
which includes the 19th of the month.
Inmates of institutions, members of the Armed Forces, and
persons under 14 years of age are not covered in the regular
monthly enumerations; data on members of the Armed
Forces and persons under 16 are excluded from the popula­
tion and labor force statistics shown in the bulletin.

Sampling procedures
The 1987 sample encompasses 729 sample areas compris­
ing over 1,000 counties and cities, with coverage in every
State and the District of Columbia. It is based to a large ex­
tent on information about the distribution of the population
as reported in the 1980 decennial census. These areas were
selected by dividing the entire area of the United States into
1,973 primary sampling units (PSU’s). With some minor ex­
ceptions, a PSU consists of a county or number of contigu­
ous counties. Most metropolitan areas constitute separate PSU’s.
To improve the efficiency of the sample, the 1,973 PSU’s
were grouped into strata within each State. Then, one PSU
was selected from each stratum, with the probability of selec­
tion proportionate to the population size in the psu. psu’s
in strata by themselves are self-representing, and generally


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are the most populated in each State. Other strata were
formed by combining psu’s which were similar in such
characteristics as population growth, proportion of blacks
and Hispanics, occupation/industry, and age/sex distribution.
psu’s selected from these strata are non-self-representing,
since each one chosen represents the entire stratum.
Within each of the selected psu’s, the number of house­
holds to be enumerated each month is determined in two
steps. First, a sample of census enumeration districts (ED’s)
is selected using the population size probability selection
procedure. ED’s are administrative units and contain, on the
average, about 300 households. Second, clusters of approx­
imately four addresses (contiguous wherever possible) are
selected to be enumerated within each designated ED.
Part of the sample is changed, or rotated, each month. A
primary reason for rotating the sample is to minimize the
lack of cooperation which may result from interviewing a
constant panel indefinitely. The rotation plan provides for
three-fourths of the sample to be identical from one month
to the next and one-half to be identical with the same month
a year earlier.

Estimating methods
Under the estimating methods used, all of the results for
a given month become available simultaneously and are based
on returns from the entire panel of respondents. The esti­
mation procedure involves the weighting up, or inflating,
of the data from each sample person to develop estimates
for the entire population from which the sample was drawn.
The basic weights, which are the inverse of the sampling
ratios (defined as the number of sample households divided
by total households in the State), are adjusted to better reflect
the entire population, as described below.
1. Noninterview adjustment. The weights for all interviewed
households are inflated to account for occupied sampled
households for which no information was obtained because
of impassable roads, refusals, unavailability of the respon­
dent, or other reasons. The proportion of sample households
not interviewed for these reasons generally varies from 4 to
5 percent.

138

2. Ratio estimates. The distribution of the population as es­
timated by the sample may differ somewhat each month, by
chance, from that of the population as a whole in such charac­
teristics as age, sex, ethnic origin, and residence. Since these
characteristics are closely correlated with labor force par­
ticipation and other principal measurements made from the
sample, the latter estimates can be substantially improved
when adjusted appropriately to conform to the known dis­
tribution of these population characteristics. This is accom­
plished through two stages of ratio estimation as follows:
a. First-stage ratio estimate. As explained above, non-selfrepresenting PSU’s are chosen to represent not only them­
selves, but also other unsampled areas. The first-stage ratio
adjustment procedure is designed to correct for the differ­
ences that existed at the time of the the 1980 census between
the distribution of the population by race in the non-selfrepresenting sample areas and the corresponding distribu­
tion in the entire geographic area from which the non-selfrepresenting areas were selected. The adjustment is made
at the State level for each of the 43 States which contain non­
self-representing areas by the race categories of black and
non-black. The first-stage adjustment factors are derived us­
ing the non-self-representing psu’s in the sample, and hence,
are recomputed only when a new PSU is rotated into the
sample.
b. Second-stage ratio estimate. This stage is designed to
adjust the inflated first-stage estimates to conform to the most
recent distribution of the entire U.S. population by age-sexrace-Hispanic origin and is conducted in three steps.
In the first step, the sample population and the labor force
estimates are adjusted within each State and the District of
Columbia using an independent control for the population
16 years and over for that area. In effect, the ratio of the
independent and sample population is used to inflate the sam­
ple labor force estimates. The second step involves an ad­
justment by Hispanic origin to a national estimate for eight
age-sex categories by Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin.1 In
the third step, a national adjustment is made by the race
categories of white, black, and other races to independent
estimates by age and sex. The white and black categories
contain 32 age-sex groups each while the other races category
has 6 age-sex cells.

The entire second-stage ratio estimation procedure is iter­
ated six times and, when completed, insures that the adjust­
ed sample population estimates, both for the States and the
national age-sex-Hispanic origin categories, will be virtual­
ly equal to the independent population estimates for these
categories.
The monthly independent State controls for the civilian
noninstitutional population 16 years and over are based on
an arithmetic extrapolation of the trend in population growth
using the two most recent July 1 estimates, with all State
estimates prorated to a current estimate of the U.S. popula­
tion. State estimates by age for July 1 are published annually
in Current Population Reports, Series P-25. Descriptions of
the methodology used in developing State totals and the age
estimates are available in Reports 640 and 1010, respectively,
of that series.
3. Composite estimate procedure. In deriving the statistics
for a given month, a composite estimating procedure is used
to take account of net changes in the sample results from
the previous month for the continuing 75 percent of the
households in the sample. It is a weighted average of the data
from the current and previous months, and includes an ad­
ditional term which is an estimate of the net difference
between incoming and continuing parts of the current month’s
sample. Almost all estimates of month-to-month changes are
improved by this procedure. Most estimates of levels are also
improved, but to a lesser extent.

Reliability of the estimates
Since the estimates in this bulletin are based upon a sam­
ple of the population rather than a complete count, they may
differ from the figures that would have been obtained if it
had been possible to take a complete census using the same
schedules and procedures as are used in the CPS. There are
two types of errors in an estimate based on a sample
survey—sampling and nonsampling. The sampling error ta­
bles in this report primarily indicate the magnitude of the
sampling error. They also partially measure the effect of
some nonsampling errors in response and enumeration, but
do not measure any systematic biases in the data.
In general, the error of a sample estimate varies inversely
with the size of the sample and directly with the size of the
estimate. Hence, an estimate for a subgroup constituting a
small proportion of a population will tend to have smaller
absolute (and larger relative) error than an estimate for a sub­
group constituting a large porportion of that same population.

1 Prior to January 1985, there was no separate control for Hispanics in
the second-stage ratio estimation procedure. These controls are prepared
by carrying forward the 1980 census count for Hispanics by adding esti­
mated Hispanic births and immigrants and subtracting estimated Hispanic
deaths and emigrants to yield an estimate of the Hispanic population by age
and sex.
In addition, the second-stage ratio estimation procedure was revised in
January 1986 to reflect an explicit allowance for net undocumented immigra­
tion (mostly Hispanic) since April 1, 1980 (the census date) and an increase
in the estimate of emigration of legal foreign-bom residents, also since 1980.
The nature and effect of these changes on the labor force estimates are dis­
cussed in detail in ‘‘Changes in the Estimation Procedure in the Current
Population Survey Beginning in January 1986” in the February 1986 issue
of Employment and Earnings.


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Reliability standards
Since the CPS is designed to produce both national and
State estimates, the proportion of the total population sam­
pled and, hence, the sampling ratios differ among the States.
In general, the smaller the population of the State, the larger
the sampling proportion. For example, in Alaska approximately
139

1 in every 200 households was sampled each month in 1987
whereas in California the sample covered about 1 in every
2,200 households. Nevertheless, the size of the sample in
California is 4 times larger than in Alaska because Califor­
nia has a larger percentage of the national population.
Differences in the probability of selecting each household
in each State are necessary to obtain total unemployment
levels meeting a minimum level of reliability—a maximum
expected annual coefficient of variation of 10 percent, at one
standard error, given a 6-percent unemployment rate. Before
CPS labor force data for a State or area can be used as the
official estimates in the Federal-State Cooperative Program,
the size of the sample for that area must be large enough
to produce estimates meeting that minimum standard of
reliability.

Publication standards for State and area

cps

data

In order to achieve comparability of the data for regions,
divisions, States, metropolitan areas, and cities for publica­
tion purposes, a unique requirement for minimum labor
force, employment, and unemployment had to be developed
for each area. This requirement is based on the known differ­
ences in sampling ratios among these areas. Before estimates
are published for a specific category, a predetermined “crit­
ical cell” must meet the comparable minimum publication
standard for national CPS data. As a result of this require­
ment, minimum bases for publication have been developed
for each area. Table B-l lists the minimum necessary base
for publication of data in each of the regions, divisions,
States, the District of Columbia, and the metropolitan areas
and cities appearing in this bulletin.
Estimates are not shown when they do not meet the mini­
mum base for the State or area listed in table B-l. In tables
showing the labor force status of the population, the critical
cell is the size of the labor force of the particular population
group. In all other tables, the determining factor or critical
cell is the size of the base of the distribution, i.e., the size
of total employment or unemployment for that area or popu­
lation subgroup. Data are not published for any cell with
fewer than 500 persons or less than 0.5 percent.

Using the sampling error tables
Tables B-2 through B-37 provide sampling errors at the
90-percent confidence level (1.6 times one standard error)
for major labor force characteristics. They indicate the order
of magnitude of the sampling error rather than the precise
amount of the possible error in an estimate.
Table B-14 shows that an estimate of 50,000 unemployed
persons (total or white) in Alabama will have an absolute
sampling error of 11,000, and a relative sampling error of
22 percent. In comparison, an estimate of 100,000 unem­
ployed persons in Alabama has an absolute sampling error
of 15,000 and a relative sampling error of 15 percent.
The statement that unemployment in Alabama is between


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140

39,000 and 61,000 in the first instance, and between 85,000
and 115,000 in the second, is made with 90-percent confi­
dence. If repeated samples were drawn from the same popu­
lation and a confidence interval (based on the sample estimate
plus and minus the sampling error) were constructed for each
sample estimate, the true value based on a complete census
of the population would be contained within 90 percent of
these intervals. Hence, we can be 90-percent confident that
the interval constructed does, in fact, contain the true value.
To calculate a 68-percent interval (two chances out of
three), multiply the sampling error shown by 0.63. To con­
vert the sampling error to 95-percent confidence (19 chances
out of 20), multiply the sampling error by 1.23. For the
example given above, the sampling error at 90-percent con­
fidence was 11,000. At 68-percent confidence, the error
would be about 6,900 (11,000 x 0.63 = 6,930). At
95-percent confidence, the error would be about 13,500
(11,000 x 1.23 = 13,530).
To compute the error of a difference from the tables, an
additional step is required. If, for instance, one wishes to
know whether a change in the unemployment rate from 1985
to 1987 in a particular area is statistically significant, or
whether the difference in the unemployment rate between
two areas or population groups is statistically meaningful,
the significance of the difference needs to be computed.
To test for the significance of a difference, the following
formula should be used:
Ed =

V E* + E22 - C

where: Ej = the sampling error of one group or year
E2 - the sampling error of another group or year
C = the covariance (or relationship) term
between Ej and E2
Ed = the sampling error of the difference.
The Ej and the E2 must be found in the appropriate Geo­
graphic Profile for each year, since the size of the samples
and, consequently, sampling errors may differ from year to
year. Estimates for the “C” term for areas in this bulletin
are not available. (If the relationship between the two groups
or years is small, the “C’ term may be ignored. If, however,
there is a strong positive relationship between the two groups,
then the error computed without the “C” term will be over­
stated.) An example will show how this significance test is
applied. Suppose one wished to know whether a hypotheti­
cal change in the CPS unemployment rate in Alaska from
10.0 percent in 1986 to 8.0 in 1987 is significant. Assume
that the labor force was about 100,000 in both years. Table
B-20 in the 1986 Geographic Profile gives the error for a
10.0-percent unemployment rate as 1.33, and table B-20 in
this year’s bulletin gives the error for an 8.0-percent unem­
ployment rate as 1.23. Using the formula described above,
the following would result:

E, = 1.33, E2 = 1.23

Ej +

X = error of the F (21,000)
Y = error of the G (15,000)

= 3.282

E = error of the S (18,000).
V 3.282 = 1.81
Assuming a negligible “C” term, the error of the differ­
ence is about 1.8. Since the actual change (2.0 percent)
exceeds the error of the difference, it can be stated, with
90-percent confidence, that the difference in rates is attributa­
ble to factors other than sampling error alone.
To derive a sampling error for a given estimate, it may
be necessary to use interpolation or extrapolation. For ex­
ample, table B-14 contains no sampling error for an estimate
of 150,000 unemployed persons in Alabama. The following
formula shows how to interpolate for an estimate of 150,000
in Alabama:
Es = [[(S-G) / (F-G)] x (X-Y)] + Y
where: F = published size immediately above the size
desired (200,000)
G = published size immediately below the size
desired (100,000)
S = size desired (150,000)


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If the sample estimate lies outside the boundaries of the
error tables, extrapolation can be used to approximate the
sampling error. The formula for extrapolation is the same
as that for interpolation; however, the “F” term is the highest
value in the table and the “G” term becomes the next highest
value.

Derivation of sampling errors
These State and area sampling errors are developed using
a generalized procedure and are not based on the sample data
for each individual area. As with all sampling error tables
produced for CPS State and area data, a number of approxi­
mations were required in order to derive sampling errors that
would be applicable to a wide variety of items. As a result,
these sampling errors provide an indication of the order of
magnitude of a sampling error rather than a precise sampling
error for any specific item. The sampling error tables are
derived from standard error equations and special parameters
developed by the Bureau of the Census. These may be ob­
tained from the bls upon request.

141

Contents—Publication Standards
and Sampling Error Tables

Page
Tables:
B-l. Minimum bases required for publication of State, Census region and division,
and metropolitan area data................................................................................................
Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level by Census region and division:
B-2. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons .................................................
B-3. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons..................................................................
B-4. Estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin...........................................
B-5. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or whitepersons........................
B-6. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons....................................
B-7. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanicorigin...............
B-8. Estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons ....................................................
B-9. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons..................................................................
B-10. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin ...........................................
B-l 1 Civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons.......................................
B-12. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons.....................................................
B-13. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin..............................
Sampling error at the 90-percent confidence level by State:
B-l4. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons .................................................
B-15. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons..............................................................
B-l6. Estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin...........................................
B-17. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons.....................
B-l8. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons....................................
B-19. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanic origin.............
B-20. Estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons ...................................................
B-21. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons..................................................................
B-22. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin ...........................................
B-23. Civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons.......................................
B-24. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons.................................................
B-25. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanic origin..............................
Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level for selected metropolitan areas and cities:
B-26. Estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons ...............................................
B-27. Estimated numbers of unemployed black persons..............................................................
B-28. Estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic origin...........................................
B-29. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or white persons.....................
B-30. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for black persons....................................
B-31. Estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons of Hispanic origin.............
B-32. Estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons...................................................
B-33. Estimated unemployment rates for black persons..................................................................
B-34. Estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic origin
.......................................
B-35. Civilian labor force participation rates for total or white persons.......................................
B-36. Civilian labor force participation rates for black persons...............................................
B-37. Civilian labor force participation rates for persons of Hispanicorigin................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

142

243

144
144
144

145
146
146
148
150
151

152
154

156

158
159

160
161
163
164
166
169
171
173
177

180

183
184
185
186
187
188
190
193
195
197

200
202

Table B-1. Minimum bases required for publication of Census region and division, State, and metropolitan area
data
(In thousands)
State or area

Minimum base

Northeast ..................................................................................................
New England...........................................................................................

28

West South Central................................................................................

Pacific........................................................................................................

State or area

22

30
35
35
36
43
36
42
47
43
31
48

52
58
40
23
19
31
20

Chicago PMSA........................................................................................

Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA......................................................................
Alaska .........................................................................................................
Arizona ......................................................................................................
Arkansas ...................................................................................................
California ...................................................................................................

Delaware ....................................................................................................
District of Columbia .................................................................................

Minimum base

Metropolitan areas:1

51
7
66

Denver-Boulder CMSA...........................................................................
Detroit PMSA ..........................................................................................

23
50
47
37
8
8

35
33
31
31
43
31
38
27
31
37
43

Kansas City.............................................................................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA.........................................................

38
32

Memphis ...................................................................................................

44

Milwaukee PMSA....................................................................................
Minneapolis-St. Paul...............................................................................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA............................................................................

44
48
31
47

32
59
Hawaii.........................................................................................................
Idaho...........................................................................................................
Illinois......... ................................................................................................
Indiana........................................................................................................

12
11

35
45
28
26
39
50
13

New York PMSA..............................................
Newark PMSA.................

Philadelphia PMSA ................................................................................
Maryland....................................................................................................
Massachusetts..........................................................................................

Missouri .....................................................................................................
Montana ....................................................................................................

40
19
28
49
26
46
9

32

31
52

21

New Hampshire........................................................................................

25
14

New Jersey...............................................................................................
New Mexico ..............................................................................................
New York ..................................................................................................
North Carolina ..........................................................................................
North Dakota ............................................................................................
Ohio ............................................................................................................
Oklahoma..........................................................................................
Oregon........................................................................................................
Pennsylvania.............................................................................................

23
28
30
19
14
32
40
41
34
13

South Carolina.......................................................................
South Dakota............................................................................................
Tennessee ................................................................................................
Texas .........................................................................................................
Utah ..........................................................................................................
Vermont.....................................................................................................
Virginia........................................................................................................
Washington....................................................................................
West Virginia.............................................................................................
Wisconsin..................................................................................................
Wyoming ...................................................................................................

30
7
47
51
23
7
59
65
18
50
7

1 All
are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled
Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

San Diego................................................................................................

52
52

Seattle PMSA..........................................................................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater......................................................

50
31

Cities:

Cleveland.................................................................................................
Dallas ........................................................................................................
Detroit.......................................... .............................................................
Houston.....................................................................................................
Indianapolis .............................................................................................

31
43
27
43
44

San Diego...........................................„...................................................
San Francisco.........................................................................................

52
52

Statistical Areas (PMSA’s).
The differences are discussed in appendix C,
“Geographic Boundary Definitions".

143

Table B-2. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons by
Census region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Census region and division
25

50

100

Northeast ..........................................
New England .................................
Middle Atlantic...............................

5
4
5

7

10

14

6

9

12

7

10

15

16
14
17

Midwest.............................................
East North Central........................
West North Central.......................

6

9

12

6

8

12

8

12

19
19
19

24
24
24

29
29
29

34
34

6

17
17
17

South.................................................
South Atlantic ................................
East South Central........................
West South Central.......................

6

9

13

20

6

18
17
19
18

25
24
27
25

31
29
33
31

35
34

19
16

24

20

26

30
24
31

West....................................................
Mountain.........................................
Pacific..............................................

8

12

7

10

6

9

14
13

6

9
7
9

5
6

200

250

400

600

800

1,000

1,500

20

24

28

31

38

21

_

_

25

29

33

-

-

38
37

46
45

53
-

-

40
37

48
45

56

62

36

40

48

-

-

34

38

46

53

48

-

12

19
22
20

17
14
18

10

13

_

20

2,000

-

2,500

-

_

_

_

36

40

-

Table B-3. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by Census
region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Census region and division
2

Northeast .............................................
New England ...................................
Middle Atlantic.................................

10

5
1

2

3
3
3

5
4
5

3
3
3

4
4
4

3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4

1

2

2

2

Midwest................................................
East North Central..........................
West North Central.........................

2

South....................................................
South Atlantic..................................
East South Central .........................
West South Central ........................

2

West .....................................................
Mountain............................................
Pacific................................................

2
2

2
2
2

2

20

3

1

2

2

3

4
3
4

25

50

5

7

_

_

100

-

-

-

23
23

28
-

-

-

20

26
24

31
29

36

40

27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

8

12

8

12

6

6

13

5

6

9
9

6

7
7

10
10

14
14

9

12

_

-

18
18

12

6

7

-

_

6

_

1,000

15

8

6

800

15

6

4

600

_

5
5
5

6

400

11

8

6

250

_

5

6

200

10

12

18
17
19
19

19
22
21

17

_

9

13

18

Table B-4. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic
origin by Census region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level

Census region and division
5

10

20

25

50

100

3
3
3

5

5

7

10

_

_

5

5

8

11

12

200

250

400

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

20

25

13

19

21

9

13

18

20

8

11

10

14

19

21

Northeast ...........................................
New England .................................
Middle Atlantic...............................

2

Midwest..............................................
East North Central ........................
West North Central.......................

3
3
3

4
4
4

5
5
5

6

8

6

8

South ..................................................
South Atlantic ................................
East South Central........................
West South Central.......................

3
3

4
4

6

6

9

13

5

6

8

12

-

_

_

3

4

6

_

7

9

3

4
3
4

6

6

5

5
7

West....................................................
Mountain.........................................
Pacific ..............................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2

2

2

3

6

_

-

144

-

-

26
-

Table B-5. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or
white persons by Census region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Census region and division
10

20

25

50

Northeast ...........................................
New England .................................
Middle Atlantic................................

4
3
4

5
4
5

6

8

5

7

9

6

8

12

Midwest ..............................................
East North Central ........................
West North Central .......................

4
4
5

6

7
7
7

10

14
13
14

South ..................................................
South Atlantic ................................
East South Central........................
West South Central.......................

5
5
5

7
7
7

8

12

8

11

8

11

6

8

9

13

West....................................................
Mountain..........................................
Pacific ..............................................

5
5
5

7
7
7

8

11

7

11

8

11

6
6

10
10

100

200

250

400

800

1,000

1,500

2,000

11

16
13
16

17
15
18

22

19
23

31
26
32

35
29
36

42
34
44

48
38
50

19
19

22

20

22

27
27
28

38
38
39

43
42
44

52
51
52

60
58
59

24

26
25
25
29

33
31
32
37

47
43
44
52

52
48
49
57

64
59
59
69

25
23
25

32
29
32

44
40
45

49
45
50

60
53
61

30,000

35,000

40,000

_

17
16
16
19

21

22

23
26
22

16
15
16

21

23

73
67
66

79
69
59
70

Estimated level
2,500

5,000

7,500

10,000

12,500

15,000

20,000

25,000

96

102

106

109

104

86

93

97

_
98

_
91

_
-

_
-

_
-

130
117

137
119

144
115

144
96

136

.

Northeast.............................................
New England ....................................
Middle Atlantic.................................

54
41
55

73
47
74

Midwest................................................
East North Central..........................
West North Central.........................

67
65
64

91
87
80

108

121

102

111

_

_

81

70

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

South....................................................
South Atlantic ..................................
East South Central .........................
West South Central ........................

82
75
72
87

113

135
117
82
126

153
128

166
134

178
137

194
131

203
108

207

205

197

_

_

129

_
123

_
107

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

West .....................................................
Mountain............................................
Pacific................................................

77
64
77

104
72
103

122

135

143

148

149

138
_

_

_

-

-

-


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

101
86

113

86

41

58
119

_

_

_

_

128

132

131

113

145

-

_

-

Table B-6. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for black
persons by Census region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Census region and division
10

20

Northeast ..........................................
New England .................................
Middle Atlantic...............................

2

Midwest.............................................
East North Central........................
West North Central.......................

25

50

100

200

250

400

600

800

1,000

11

12

15

18

21

24

29

33

37

1,500

2,000

2,500

5,000

7.500

_
-

_
-

3
3
4

4
3
4

5
5

8

7

9

10

8

11

12

16

19

-22

24

-

6

30

34

-

3
3
3

4
4
4

5
4
5

6

9
9

14
14
15

18
18
19

35
34

40
39

44
43

-

25
25
-

28
28

7

13
13
13

22

10

-

-

-

-

South .................................................
South Atlantic ................................
East South Central........................
West South Central.......................

4
4
5
4

6

9
9

13
13
15

19
19

21

42
41
45
38

51
50
53
46

64

86

_

_

_

9

38
37
40
34

_

6

33
32
35
30

66

6

27
27
29
25

59
58

7

7
7
7

-

-

-

West....................................................
Mountain.........................................
Pacific..............................................

3

4
3
4

5
4
5

6

2
2

6

2

3

6

10

5
7

21

21

23

12

18

20

9
7

13

10

13

10

22

53

.

_
_
91

_

109
_

14

18

22

25

28

34

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

15

19

23

27

30

36

-

-

-

-

.

Table B-7. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons
of Hispanic origin by Census region and division
(In thousands)
Estimated level

Census region and division
25

50

100

200

250

13

14

400

600

800

18

22

25

28

34

18

22

26

29

21

26
25

Northeast.............................................
New England...................................
Middle Atlantic................................

4
4
5

6

9

5

8

11

6

9

13

Midwest................................................
East North Central..........................
West North Central.........................

5
5

7
7
9

11

15
14

17
16

13

-

-

12

17

24
15

27
17

34

25
19

South....................................................
South Atlantic..................................
East South Central .........................
West South Central ........................
West ....................................................
Mountain...........................................
Pacific................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

6

8

8

5
5
9

13

7

10

8

11

7

9

8

10

11

_
18
14
15
13

_
14

20

1,000

2,000

2,500

5,000

35

-

-

-

1,500

-

-

-

-

-

48
30

53
33

65

21

41
26

75

83

28

36

43

50

55

67

76

-

-

21

27
29
26

33
36
32

38
41
37

42
45
41

51

59

65

89

50

57

63

84

21

23

19

21

146

_
115

Index to tables B-8 to B-13 of sampling errors for rates by Census region and division
Table

Census region and
division

Northeast ........
New England
Middle Atlantic
Midwest ...................
East North Central
West North Central
South .......................
South Atlantic .. ..
East South Central
West South Central
West........
Mountain
Pacific . .


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

147

Table B-8. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
4

1

2

7.08
4.48
3.17
2.24

9.95
6.29
4.45
3.15
2.81
1.99
1.41

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 1:
Northeast Region and Middle
Atlantic and Mountain Divisions

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000
....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7.500 ....................................................

2.00
1.42
1.00
.71
.63
.50
.41
.35
.32
.26

.22
.20
.14

1.00
.89
.70
.57
.50
.45
.36
.31
.28

.20

.12
.10
.09

.16
.14
.13

.08
.07
.06

.12
.10
.09

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................

6.10
3.86

50 .........................................................

1.22
.86
.61

8.57
5.42
3.83
2.71
2.42
1.71

10,000 ..................................................
12,500 ..................................................
15,000 ..................................................
20,000
..................................................
25,000 ..................................................

13.90
8.79

6.22

4.39
3.93
2.78
1.97
1.39
1.24
.98
.80
.69
.62
.51
.44
.39
.28
.23

16.80
10.63
7.51
5.31
4.75
3.36
2.38

1.68
1.50
1.19
.97
.84
.75
.61
.53
.48
.34
.27
.24

.20

.18
.16
.14

.21

.19
.17
.15

.12

19.15

12.11
8.56

21.12
13.36
9.44

6.06
5.42
3.83
2.71
1.91
1.71
1.35

6.68
5.97

1.11
.96
.86
.70

1.22
1.06

.61
.54
.38
.31
.27
.24

.22

4.22
2.99

2.11
1.89
1.49

.94
.77
.67
.60
.42
.35
.30
.27
.24

.19
.17

.19

16.49
10.43
7.38
5.22
4.66
3.30
2.33
1.65
1.48
1.17
.95
.83
.74
.60
.52
.47
.33
.27

18.19
11.50
8.14
5.75
5.15
3.64
2.57
1.82
1.63
1.29
1.05
.91
.81
.67
.58
.52
.37
.30

.21

24.96
15.78
11.16
7.89
7.06
4.99
3.53
2.50
2.23
1.77
1.44
1.25

1.12
.91
.79
.71
.50
.41
.35
.32
.29
.25
.23

27.73
17.54
12.40
8.77
7.84
5.55
3.92
2.77
2.48
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24

1.01
.88
.79
.56
.46
.40
.35
.32
.28
.25

29.74
18.81
13.30
9.40
8.41
5.95
4.21
2.97

2.66
2.10
1.72
1.49
1.33
1.09
.94
.84
.60
.49
.42
.38
.35
.30
.27

Part 2:
New England Division

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
1,500

....................................................
....................................................

2,000
2,500

....................................................
....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2.73
1.93
1.72

.55
.43
.35
.30
.27

.22
.19
.17

.12
.10

1.21
.86
.77
.61
.49
.43
.38
.31
.27
.24
.17
.14

11.97
7.57
5.35
3.79
3.39
2.39
1.69

1.20

1.07
.85
.69
.60
.54
.44
.38
.34
.24

14.47
9.15
6.47
4.58
4.09
2.89
2.05
1.45
1.29

1.02
.84
.72
.65
.53
.46
.41
.29
.24

.20

148

21.50
13.60
9.62
6.80
6.08
4.30
3.04
2.15
1.92
1.52
1.24
1.08
.96
.79

.68
.61
.43
.36

23.89
15.11
10.69
7.56
6.76
4.78
3.38
2.39
2.14
1.69
1.38

1.20
1.07
.88
.76
.68

.48
.40

25.63
16.21
11.46

8.10
7.25
5.13
3.63
2.56
2.29
1.81
1.48
1.29
1.15
.94
.82
.73
.52
.43

Table B-8. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
Census region and division—Continued
Census region and division and
size of civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)

1

4

2

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 3:
Midwest, South, and West Regions,
and East North Central, West
North Central, South Atlantic, West
South Central, and Pacific
Divisions

2
.............................................................
5.............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500

....................................................
....................................................

....................................................
....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................

10,000
..................................................
12,500 ..................................................
15,000 ..................................................

20,000 ..................................................
..................................................

25,000
30,000
35,000
40,000
50,000

..................................................
..................................................
..................................................
..................................................

8.85
5.60
3.96
2.80
2.50
1.77
1.25
.89
.79
.63
.51
.44
.40
.32
.28
.25
.18
.14
.13

.11
.10
.09
.08
.07
.07
.06
.06

12.40
7.85
5.55
3.92
3.51
2.48
1.75
1.24

1.11
.88
.72
.62
.55
.45
.39
.35
.25

.20

.18
.16
.14

.12
.11
.10
.09

17.22
10.89
7.70
5.45
4.87
3.44
2.44
1.72
1.54

1.22
.99
.86
.77

20.69
13.09
9.26
6.54
5.85
4.14
2.93
2.07
1.85
1.46

1.20
1.04
.93
.76
.65
.59
.41
.34
.29
.26
.24

.63
.54
.49
.34
.28
.24

.22
.20
.17

.21
.19

.16
.14
.13

.09
.08

.12
.11

13.69

19.08
12.07
8.53
6.03
5.40
3.82
2.70
1.91
1.71
1.35

23.43
14.82
10.48
7.41
6.63
4.69
3.31
2.34

2.10
1.66
1.35
1.17
1.05

.86
.74
.66

.47
.38
.33
.30
.27
.24

.21

25.66
16.23
11.47

8.11
7.26
5.13
3.63
2.57
2.30
1.81
1.48
1.28
1.15
.94
.81
.73
.51
.42
.37
.33
.30
.26
.23

.17
.16
.15
.13

.19
.18
.17
.15

.21
.20
.19

23.03
14.57
10.30
7.28
6.51
4.61
3.26
2.30
2.06
1.63
1.33
1.15
1.03
.84
73
.65
.46
.38

26.19
16.56
11.71
8.28
7.41
5.24
3.70
2.62
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.96
.83
.74
.53
.43

28.82
18.23
12.89
9.12
8.15
5.77
4.08

.17

29.72
18.79
13.29
9.40
8.41
5.94
4.20
2.97

32.22
20.38
14.41
10.19
9.11
6.45
4.56
3.22

2.66
2.10
1.72

2.88
2.28
1.86
1.61

1.49
1.33
1.09
.94
.84
.60
.49
.43
.38
.35
.30
.27
.25
.23

.22
.20

1.44
1.18

1.02
.92
.65
.53
.46
.42
.38
.33
.30
.28
.26
.24

.22

33.53

21.20
14.99
10.60
9.48
6.71
4.74
3.35
3.00
2.37
1.94

1.68

1.50
1.23
1.07
.95

.68
.56
.49
.44
.40
.35
.32
.29
.28
.26
.24

Part 4:
East South Central Division

2
.............................................................
5.............................................................
10 ..........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 ..........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

........................................................
.......... .............................................
........................................................
400 ........................................................
600 .............. .........................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500

....................................................
....................................................

....................................................
....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

9.75
6.17
4.36
3.08
2.76
1.95
1.38
.97
.87
.69
.56
.49
.44
.36
.31
.28

.20
.16

8.66
6.12
4.33
3.87
2.74
1.94
1.37

1.22
.97
.79

.68

.61
.50
.43
.39
.27

.22

1.10
.95
.85
.70
.60
.54
.38
.31

149

2.88
2.58
2.04
1.67
1.44
1.29
1.06
.92
.82
.58
.48

33.87
21.42
15.15
10.71
9.58
6.77
4.79
3.39
3.03
2.40
1.96
1.70
1.52
1.24
1.08
.97
.69
.57

37.37
23.64
16.71
11.82
10.57
7.48
5.29
3.74
3.35
2.65
2.16

39.75
25.14
17.78
12.57
11.24
7.95
5.62
3.98
3.56
2.82
2.30

1.88
1.68
1.37

2.00
1.79

1.19
1.07
.76
.63

1.47
1.27
1.14
.82

.68

Table B-9. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by Census
region and division
Census region and division and
size of civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)

1

2

4

6

8

10

15

22.63
14.31

27.32
17.28

10.12
7.15

12.22
8.64

6.40
4.53
3.20
2.26

7.73
5.46
3.86
2.73
2.44
1.93
1.58
1.36

20

25

Part 1:
Northeast Region and Middle
Atlantic Division

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100 .......................................................
200
.......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .....................................................

1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................

7.33
4.64
3.28
2.32
2.07
1.47
1.04
.73

10.34
6.54
4.63
3.27
2.93
2.07
1.46
1.03
.93
.73
.60
.52
.46
.38
.33
.29

14.55
9.20
6.51
4.60
4.12
2.91
2.06
1.45
1.30
1.03
.84
.73
.65
.53
.46
.41

17.72

9.09
5.75
4.07
2.87
2.57
1.82
1.29
.91
.81

12.79
8.09
5.72
4.04
3.62
2.56
1.81
1.28
1.14

15.58
9.85
6.97
4.93
4.41
3.11

9.08
5.74
4.06
2.87
2.57
1.82
1.28
.91
.81
.64
.52
.45
.41
.33
.29
.26
.18
.15

12.77
8.07
5.71
4.04
3.61
2.55
1.81
1.28
1.14
.90
.74
.64
.57
.47
.40
.36
.26

17.85
11.29
7.98
5.65
5.05
3.57
2.52
1.79
1.60
1.26
1.03
.89
.80
.65
.56
.51
.36
.29

21.62
13.67
9.67
6.84

.61
.43
.35

.78
.70
.49
.40

9.61
6.08
4.30
3.04
2.72
1.92
1.36
.96

13.54
8.56
6.06
4.28
3.83
2.71
1.91
1.35

18.99

.86
.68
.56

1.21
.96

.48
.43
.35
.30

.68
.61

23.05
14.58
10.31
7.29
6.52
4.61
3.26
2.31
2.06
1.63
1.33
1.15
1.03
.84
.73

26.38
16.69
11.80
8.34
7.46
5.28
3.73
2.64
2.36
1.87
1.52
1.32
1.18
.96
.83

.66
.52
.42
.37
.33
.27
.23

.21

11.21
7.93
5.60
5.01
3.54
2.51
1.77
1.58
1.25

1.02
.89
.79
.65
.56
.50

20.35
12.87
9.10
6.44
5.76
4.07

2.88
2.03
1.82
1.44
1.17

1.02
.91
.74
.64
.57

2.02
1.60
1.31
1.13

1.01
.83

31.09
19.66
13.90
9.83
8.79

6.22

4.40
3.11
2.78

2.20
1.79
1.55
1.39
1.13
.98

.71
.64

1.22
1.00
.86
.77

19.89
12.58
8.89
6.29
5.63
3.98
2.81
1.99
1.78

24.02
15.19
10.74
7.59
6.79
4.80
3.40
2.40
2.15

27.34
17.29

27.26
17.24
12.19
8.62
7.71
5.45
3.85
2.73
2.44
1.93
1.57
1.36

32.36
20.47
14.47
10.23
9.15
6.47
4.58
3.24
2.89
2.29
1.87
1.62
1.45
1.18

36.14

.88

34.23
21.65
15.31
10.83
9.68
6.85
4.84
3.42
3.06
2.42
1.97
1.71
1.53
1.25
1.08
.96

Part 2:
New England and Mountain
Divisions

2............................................................
5............................................................

6.44
4.08

10.........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................

2.88
2.04

50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................

1.82
1.29
.91
.64
.58

2.20
1.56
1.39

17.89
11.31

8.00
5.66
5.06
3.58
2.53
1.79
1.60

12.22
8.64
7.73
5.47
3.86
2.73
2.44

30.11
19.04
13.46
9.52
8.52

6.02

4.26
3.01
2.69

Part 3:
Midwest, South, and West Regions,
and East North Central, West
North Central, and South Atlantic
Divisions

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10
20
25

.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
50 .........................................................

100 .......................................................
200
................................. .....................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................

.21

6.11
4.32
3.06
2.16
1.93
1.53
1.25
1.08
.97
.79

.68

24.67
15.60
11.03
7.80
6.98
4.93
3.49
2.47

2.21
1.74
1.42
1.23

1.10
.90

1.22
1.00
.86
.77

1.02
.92

.55
.45

.65
.53

29.23
18.49
13.07
9.24
8.27
5.85
4.13
2.92
2.61
2.07
1.69
1.46
1.31
1.07
.92

34.98
22.13
15.65
11.06
9.89
7.00
4.95
3.50
3.13
2.47

5.11
3.61
3.23
2.56
2.09
1.81
1.62
1.32
1.14

39.00
24.66
17.44
12.33
11.03
7.80
5.51
3.90
3.49
2.76
2.25
1.95
1.74
1.42
1.23

1.02
.72

1.10
.78

.59

.64

39.42
24.93
17.63
12.47
11.15
7.88
5.57
3.94
3.53
2.79
2.27
1.97
1.76
1.44
1.24

42.97
27.17
19.21
13.59
12.15
8.59
6.08
4.30
3.84
3.04
2.48
2.15
1.92
1.57
1.35

22.86
16.16
11.43

10.22
7.23

Part 4:
East South Central, West South
Central, and Pacific Divisions

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10
20
25

.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.78

.49
.43

12.01
8.49
6.00
5.37
3.80
2.69
1.90
1.70
1.34

1.10
.95
.85
.69
.60

150

2.02
1.75
1.56
1.28

110

Table B-10. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic
origin by Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

6.42
4.06
2.87
2.03
1.81
1.28
.91
.64

9.04
5.72
4.04

6

4

8

10

15

20

25

Part 1:
New England Division

..........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 ........................................................
10

12.69
8.03
5.67
4.01
3.59
2.54
1.79
1.27

15.42
9.75
6.90
4.88
4.36
3.08
2.18
1.54

17.67
11.18
7.90
5.59
5.00
3.53
2.50
1.77

19.61
12.40
8.77

10.67
6.75
4.77
3.37
3.02
2.13
1.51
1.07
.95
.75
.62
.53
.48
.39

14.97
9.47
6.70
4.73
4.23
2.99

18.20
11.51
8.14
5.75
5.15
3.64
2.57
1.82
1.63
1.29
1.05
.91
.81

20.85
13.19
9.32
6.59
5.90
4.17
2.95
2.08

23.13
14.63
10.34
7.31
6.54
4.63
3.27
2.31
2.07
1.64
1.34
1.16
1.03
.84

27.76
17.56
12.42
8.78
7.85
5.55
3.93
2.78
2.48
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24

8.96
5.67
4.01
2.83
2.53
1.79
1.27
.90
.80
.63
.52
.45
.40
.33
.28
.25
.18

12.55
7.94
5.61
3.97
3.55
2.51
1.78
1.26

17.43

25.93
16.40
11.60

30.01
18.98
13.42
9.49
8.49

9.55
6.04
4.27
3.02
2.70
1.91
1.35
.96
.85

13.45
8.50

1.20

1.68

.68

.95
.78
.67
.60
.49
.43
.38
.27

1.33
1.09
.94
.84
.69
.60
.53
.38

2.86

2.56
1.81
1.28
.90

6.20

5.55
3.92
2.77
1.96

23.53
14.88
10.52
7.44
6.66

4.71
3.33
2.35

26.61
16.83
11.90
8.42
7.53
5.32
3.76
2.66

29.11
18.41
13.02
9.21
8.23
5.82
4.12
2.91

Part 2:
Northeast Region and Middle
Atlantic and Mountain Divisions
2............................................................

..........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 ..........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 ........................................................
200 .......................................................
250 ........................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
10

7.57
4.79
3.39
2.39
2.14
1.51
1.07
.76
.68

.54
.44
.38
.34
.28

2.12

1.50
1.34
1.06
.86

.75
.67
.55

.66

1.86

1.47
1.20

1.04
.93
.76

1.01

31.39
19.85
14.04
9.93

34.34
21.72
15.36

8.88

9.71
6.87
4.86
3.43
3.07
2.43
1.98
1.71
1.53
1.25

6.28
4.44
3.14
2.81
2.22

1.81
1.57
1.40
1.14

10.86

Part 3:
Midwest and South Regions, and
East North Central, West North
Central, South Atlantic, and East
South Central Divisions
2.............................................................

.........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .............................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 ...................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
10

1.12

.89
.72
.63
.56
.46
.40
.36
.25

7.79
5.51
4.93
3.49
2.46
1.74
1.56
1.23

20.93
13.24
9.36
6.62
5.92
4.19
2.96
2.09
1.87
1.48

23.69
14.98
10.59
7.49
6.70
4.74
3.35
2.37

1.01

1.21

.87
.78
.64
.55
.49
.35

1.05
.94
.76

1.37
1.18
1.06
.87
.75
.67
.48

7.34
5.19
3.67
2.59
2.32
1.83
1.50
1.30
1.16
.95
.82
.73
.52

18.83
11.91
8.42
5.96
5.33
3.77

22.84
14.44

26.11
16.51
11.67
8.26
7.38
5.22
3.69
2.61
2.33
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.95
.83
.74
.52

28.89
18.27
12.92
9.13
8.17
5.78
4.09
2.89
2.58
2.04
1.67
1.44
1.29
1.05
.91
.82
.58

11.02

.66

.59
.42

2.12
1.68

8.20

6.00

4.24
3.00
2.68
2.12

1.73
1.50
1.34
1.10

.95
.85
.60

32.50
20.55
14.53
10.28
9.19
6.50
4.60
3.25
2.91
2.30

33.76
21.35
15.10
10.68

1.63
1.46
1.19
1.03
.92

9.55
6.75
4.78
3.38
3.02
2.39
1.95
1.69
1.51
1.24
1.07
.96

.66

.68

38.66
24.45
17.29
12.23
10.94
7.73
5.47
3.87
3.46
2.73
2.23
1.93
1.73
1.41

41.95
26.53
18.76
13.27
11.87
8.39
5.93
4.19
3.75
2.97
2.42

1.88

Part 4:
West Region and West South
Central and Pacific Divisions
2.............................................................

..........................................................
20 ..........................................................
25 ........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .....................................................
200 .......................................................
10

400 ..................................................
600 .................................................
800 .......................................................
1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2,500 ...................................................
5,000 ....................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.55
.48
.43
.35
.30
.27
.19

6.01

4.25
3.80
2.69
1.90
1.34

2.66
1.88

10.21

7.22
6.46
4.57
3.23
2.28
2.04
1.61
1.32
1.14
1.02

.83
.72
.65
.46

151

34.44
21.78
15.40
10.89
9.74
6.89
4.87
3.44
3.08
2.44
1.99
1.72
1.54
1.26
1.09
.97
.69

1.22

1.09
.77

2.10
1.88

1.53
1.33
1.19
.84

Table B-11. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

10.98
6.94
4.91
3.47
3.10

17.09
10.81
7.64
5.40
4.83
3.42
2.42
1.71
1.53

31.36
19.83
14.02
9.92
8.87
6.27
4.44
3.14
2.80

1.21

2.22

.99
.85
.76
.62
.54
.48
.34
.28
.24

.17
.15
.14
.13

1.81
1.57
1.40
1.15
.99
.89
.63
.51
.44
.40
.36
.31
.28
.26
.24

.12

.22

9.44
5.97
4.22
2.98
2.67
1.89
1.33
.94
.84
.67
.54
.47
.42
.34
.30
.27
.19
.15
.13

14.69
9.29
6.57
4.65
4.16
2.94
2.08
1.47
1.31
1.04
.85
.73

26 97
17.06
12.06
8.53
7.63
5.39
3.81
2.70
2.41
1.91
1.56
1.35

.66

1.21

.54
.46
.42
.29
.24

.98
.85
.76
.54
.44
.38

13.59
8.59
6.08
4.30
3.84
2.72
1.92
1.36

21.15
13.38
9.46
6.69
5.98
4.23
2.99

1.22

1.89
1.50

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 1:
Northeast Region and Middle Atlantic Division
........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7.500 .................................................................................................
10,000 ..............................................................................................
12,500 ...............................................................................................
15,000...............................................................................................
20.000 ...............................................................................................
25.000 ...............................................................................................
30,000 ...............................................................................................
35,000 ...............................................................................................
40,000...............................................................................................
2

2.20

1.55
1.10

.98
.78
.63
.55
.49
.40
.35
.31
.22

.18
.16
.14
.13
.11
.10

.09
.08
.08

.22
.20

35.93
22.72
16.07
11.36
10.16
7.19
5.08
3.59
3.21
2.54
2.07
1.80
1.61
1.31
1.14

38.41
24.29
17.18
12.15

1.02

1.09
.77
.63
.54
.49
.44
.38
.34
.31
.29
.27

1.11

30.89
19.54
13.82
9.77
8.74
6.18
4.37
3.09
2.76
2.18
1.78
1.54
1.38
1.13
.98
.87
.62
.50
.44

33.03
20.89
14.77
10.44
9.34
6.61
4.67
3.30
2.95
2.34
1.91
1.65
1.48

33.71
21.32
15.07

44.47
28.13
19.89
14.06
12.58
8.89
6.29
4.45
3.98
3.14
2.57

47.54
30.07
21.26
15.03
13.45
9.51
6.72
4.75
4.25
3.36
2.74
2.38
2.13
1.74
1.50
1.34
.95
.78
.67
.60
.55
48
.43
.39
.36
.34
.30

.72
.59
.51
.45
.41
.36
.32
.29
.27
.25

10.86

7.68
5.43
3.84
3.44
2.72
2.22

1.92
1.72
1.40
1.21

39.20
24.79
17.53
12.40
11.09
7.84
5.54
3.92
3.51
2.77
2.26
1.96
1.75
1.43
1.24
.78
.64
.55
.50
.45
.39
.35
.32
.30
.28

Part 2:
New England Division
........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100 .....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 ..................................... ...........................................................
2.500 .................................................................................................
5,000 ................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
10,000 ...............................................................................................
2

.21

1.21

1.04
.93
.66

.54
.47

10.66

9.53
6.74
4.77
3.37
3.01
2.38
1.95
1.69
1.51
1.23
1.07
.95
.67
.55
.48

Part 3:
Midwest Region and East North Central, West North
Central, and Mountain Divisions
........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 ................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
10,000...............................................................................................
12,500...............................................................................................
15,000...............................................................................................
20,000...............................................................................................
25,000...............................................................................................
30,000...............................................................................................
35.000...............................................................................................
40.000...............................................................................................
50,000 ..............................................................................................
2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.96
.78
.68

.61
.50
.43
.38
.27
.22

.19
.17
.16
.14
.12
.11
.10
.10

.09

2.11

1.22

1.06
.95
.77
.67
.60
.42
.35
.30
.27
.24
.21

.19
.17
.16
.15
.13

152

38.82
24.55
17.36
12.28
10.98
7.76
5.49
3.88
3.47
2.74
2.24
1.94
1.74
1.42
1.23
1.10

.78
.63
.55
.49
.45
.39
.35
.32
.29
.27
.25

2.22

1.99
1.62
1.41
1.26
.89
.73
.63
.56
.51
.44
.40
.36
.34
.31
.28

48.52
30.69
21.70
15.34
13.72
9.70
6.66

4.85
4.34
3.43
2.80
2.43
2.17
1.77
1.53
1.37
.97
.79
.69
.61
.56
.49
.43
.40
.37
.34
.31

Table B-11. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by Census region and division—Continued
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

16.51
10.44
7.38
5.22
4.67
3.30
2.33
1.65
1.48
1.17
.95
.83
.74
.60
.52
.47
.33
.27
.23

25.70
16.25
11.49
8.13
7.27
5.14
3.63
2.57
2.30
1.82
1.48
1.28
1.15
.94
.81
.73
.51
.42
.36
.33
.30
.26
.23

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 4:
South and West Regions, and South Atlantic, East South
Central, and Pacific Divisions
2..................................................................................
10..........................................................................................

25.................................................................................................
.................................................................................................
................................................................................................
...............................................................
...................................................................
...........................................................................................
..................................................................................................
1,000 ..........................................................................................
1,500 ............................................................................................
2,000 ............................................................
2,500 .....................................................................................
5,000 .......................................................................................
7,500 ................................................................................................
10,000.......................................................................................
12,500 .......................................................................................
15,000.....................................................................
20,000........................................................................................
25,000................................................................................
30,000..................................................................................
35,000...............................................................................................
40,000......................................................................
50,000 ..............................................................................................
60,000 .................................................................................
70,000.................................................................................
100

200

250
400
600
800

.21

.19
.17
.15
.13
.12
.12
.10
.10

.09

.21

.19
.18
.16
.15
.14

47.17
29.83
21.09
14.92
13.34
9.43
6.67
4.72
4.22
3.34
2.72
2.36
2.11

1.72
1.49
1.33
.94
.77
.67
.60
.54
.47
.42
.39
.36
.33
.30
.27
.25

54.03
34.17
24.17
17.09
15.28
10.81
7.64
5.40
4.83
3.82
3.12
2.70
2.42
1.97
1.71
1.53
1.08
.88

.76
.68

.62
.54
.48
.44
.41
.38
.34
.31
.29

57.77
36.53
25.83
18.27
16.34
11.55
8.17
5.78
5.17
4.08
3.34
2.89
2.58
2.11

58.96
37.29
26.37
18.64
16.68
11.79
8.34
5.90
5.27
4.17
3.40
2.95
2.64
2.15

1.83
1.63
1.16
.94
.82
.73
.67
.58
.52
.47
.44
.41
.37
.33
.31

1.86

65.80
41.62
29.43
20.81
18.61
13.16
9.31
6.58
5.89
4.65
3.80
3.29
2.94
2.40
2.08

1.67
1.18
.96
.83
.75
.68

.59
.53
.48
.45
.42
.37
.34
.32

Part 5:
West South Central Division
2

....................................................................................................

100....................................................................................................

....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
1.000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
10,000 ................................................................................................
12,500 ................................................................................................
15,000...............................................................................................
20,000.................................................................
200

250
400
600
800


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

18.42
11.65
8.24
5.83
5.21
3.68
2.61
1.84
1.65
1.30
1.06
.92
.82
.67
.58
.52
.37
.30
.26
.23
.21

.18

28.68
18.14
12.83
9.07
8.11

5.74
4.06
2.87
2.57
2.03
1.66

1.43
1.28
1.05
.91
.81
.57
.47
.41
.36
.33
.29

52.64
33.29
23.54
16.65
14.89
10.53
7.44
5.26
4.71
3.72
3.04
2.63
2.35
1.92

60.31
38.14
26.97
19.07
17.06
12.06
8.53
6.03
5.39
4.26
3.48
3.02
2.70

64.47
40.77
28.83
20.39
18.24
12.89
9.12
6.45
5.77
4.56
3.72
3.22

2.20

1.66

1.91
1.71

2.35
2.04
1.82
1.29
1.05
.91
.82
.74
.64

1.49
1.05
.86

.74
.67
.61
.53

1.21

.98
.85
.76
.70
.60

2.88

1.86

1.32
1.07
.93
.83
.76
.66

Table B-12. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
Census region and division
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

21.46
13.58
9.60
6.79
6.07
4.29
3.04
2.15
1.92
1.52

22.95
14.51
10.26
7.26
6.49
4.59
3.25
2.29
2.05
1.62

23.42
14.81
10.47
7.41
6.62
4.68
3.31
2.34
2.09

25.52
16.14
11.41
8.07
7.22
5.10
3.61
2.55
2.28
1.80
1.47
1.28
1.14
.93
.81
.72
.51

27.28
17.26

27.85
17.61
12.45
8.81
7.88
5.57
3.94
2.78
2.49
1.97
1.61
1.39
1.25

29.38
18 58
13.14
9.29
8.31
5.88
4.15
2.94
2.63
2.08
1.70
1.47
1.31
1.07
.93
.83
.59

Part 1:
New England Division
2........................................................................................................

5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
25......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................

6.56
4.15
2.93
2.07
1.85
1.31
.93

10.21

.66

1.02

.59
.46

.91
.72

1.68

7.80
4.93
3.49
2.47

12.14
7.68
5.43
3.84
3.43
2.43
1.72

22.28
14.09
9.96
7.04
6.30
4.46
3.15
2.23
1.99
1.58
1.29

6.46
4.57
3.23
2.89
2.04
1.44

18.74
11.85
8.38
5.92
5.30
3.75
2.65
1.87
1.32

1.66

Part 2:
Northeast Region and Middle Atlantic and Mountain
Divisions
........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
2

2.21

1.56
1.10

.78
.70
.55
.45
.39
.35
.28
.25

1.21

1.09
.86

.16

.70
.61
.54
.44
.38
.34
.24

8.98
5.68
4.01
2.84
2.54
1.80
1.27
.90
.80
.63
.52
.45
.40
.33
.28
.25
.18

13.97
8.84
6.25
4.42
3.95
2.79
1.98
1.40
1.25
.99
.81
.70
.62
.51
.44
.40
.28

.22

1.11
1.00

.81
.70
.63
.45

12.20

8.63
7.72
5.46
3.86
2.73
2.44
1.93
1.58
1.36
1.22
1.00

1.02

.86

.88

.77
.55

.79
.56

31.41
19.86
14.05
9.93

32.05
20.27
14.33
10.14
9.07
6.41
4.53
3.21
2.87
2.27
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.17

Part 3:
Midwest and West Regions, and East North Central, West
North Central, and Pacific Divisions
........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
25 .......................................................................................................
50 .......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 .....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 .....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1.000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

154

25.64
16.22
11.47
8.11

7.25
5.13
3.63
2.56
2.29
1.81
1.48
1.28
1.15
.94
.81
.73
.51

8.88

6.28
4.44
3.14
2.81
2.22

1.81
1.57
1.40
1.15
.99
.89
.63

1.01

.91
.64

Table B-12. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
Census region and division—Continued
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

13.27
8.39
5.93
4.20
3.75
2.65

20.66

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

43.43
27.47
19.42
13.73
12.28
8.69
6.14
4.34
3.88
3.07
2.51
2.17
1.94
1.59
1.37
1.23
.87
.71
.61
.55

46.43
29.36
20.76
14.68
13.13
9.29
6.57
4.64
4.15
3.28

47.77
30.21
21.36
15.11
13.51
9.55
6.76
4.78
4.27
3.38
2.76
2.39
2.14
1.74
1.51
1.35

51.07
32.30
22.84
16.15
14.45

50

Part 4:
South Region, and South Atlantic and West South Central
Divisions
2.........................................................................................................

5 .........................................................................................................
10....................................................................................................
20 .......................................................................................................
25 .......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
250 .......................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
200

1.88

1.33
1.19
.94
.77
.66

.................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
.................................................................................
2,500 ......................................................................................
5,000 ........................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
10,000 ...............................................................................................
12,500 ...............................................................................................
1,000

2,000

.59
.48
.42
.38
.27
.22

.19
.17

13.06
9.24
6.53
5.84
4.13
2.92
2.07
1.85
1.46
1.19
1.03
.92
.75
.65
.58
.41
.34
.29
.26

37.91
23.98
16.95
11.99
10.72
7.58
5.36
3.79
3.39
2.68

2.19
1.90
1.70
1.38
1.20

1.07
.76
.62
.54
.48

2.68

2.32
2.08
1.70
1.47
1.31
.93
.76
.66

.59

47.39
29.97
21.19
14.98
13.40
9.48
6.70
4.74
4.24
3.35
2.74
2.37
2.12

1.73
1.50
1.34
.95
.77
.67
.60

Part 5:
East South Central Division
2

.........................................................................................................

10

...........................................................................................

25 .....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
........................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ..................................................................................................
600 ........................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1.000 ..............................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2.000 ...............................................................................................
2,500 ................................................................................................
100

200


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

14.59
9.23
6.53
4.62
4.13
2.92
2.06
1.46
1.31
1.03
.84
.73
.65
.53
.46
.41

22.72
14.37
10.16
7.18
6.43
4.54
3.21
2.27
2.03
1.61
1.31
1.14

41.70
26.37
18.65
13.19
11.79
8.34
5.90
4.17
3.73
2.95
2.41
2.08

1.02

1.86

.83
.72
.64

1.52
1.32
1.18

155

10.21

7.22
5.11
4.57
3.61
2.95
2.55
2.28
1.86

1.62
1.44

52.12
32.97
23.31
16.48
14.74
10.42
7.37
5.21
4.66
3.69
3.01
2.61
2.33
1.90
1.65
1.47

Table B-13. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by Census region and division
Census region and division and
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

7.70
4.87
3.44
2.44
2.18
1.54
1.09
.77
.69
.54

11.99
7.58
5.36
3.79
3.39
2.40
1.70

22.00

1.20

2.20

1.07
.85

1.97
1.56

9.10
5.76
4.07

14.17
8.96
6.34
4.48
4.01
2.83

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 1:
New England Division
2........................................................................................................

5........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................

25.21
15.94
11.27
7.97
7.13
5.04
3.56
2.52
2.25
1.78

26.95
17.04
12.05
8.52
7.62
5.39
3.81
2.69
2.41
1.91

27.50
17.39
12.30
8.70
7.78
5.50
3.89
2.75
2.46
1.94

29.80
18.85
13.33
9.42
8.43
5.96
4.21
2.98
2.67

31.86
20.15
14.25
10.08
9.01
6.37
4.51
3.19
2.85
2.25
1.84
1.59
1.42
1.16

32.52
20.57
14.54
10.28
9.20
6.50
4.60
3.25
2.91
2.30

.82
.71
.63
.52
.45
.40

26.01
16.45
11.63
8.23
7.36
5.20
3.68
2.60
2.33
1.84
1.50
1.30
1.16
.95
.82
.74

26.19
16.57
11.71
8.28
7.41
5.24
3.70
2.62
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.96
.83
.74
.52

48.07
30.40
21.50
15.20
13.60
9.61
6.80
4.81
4.30
3.40
2.78
2.40
2.15
1.76
1.52
1.36
.96

55.07
34.83
24.63
17.42
15.58

16.41
10.38
7.34
5.19
4.64
3.28
2.32
1.64
1.47
1.16
.95
.82
.73
.60

30.11
19.04
13.47
9.52
8.52

34.50
21.82
15.43
10.91
9.76
6.90
4.88
3.45
3.09
2.44
1.99
1.72
1.54
1.26

13.92
9.84
6.96
6.22

4.40
3.11

Part 2:
Northeast Region and and Middle Atlantic Division
........................................................................................................

2

10......................................................................................................
......................................................................................................
25......................................................................................................
20

100....................................................................................................
200

....................................................................................................

400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 ...................................... ■..........................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................

2.88

2.58
1.82
1.29
.91
.81
.64
.53
.46
.41
.33
.29
.26

2.00

1.42
1.27
1.00

2.11

1.72
1.49
1.33
1.09
.94
.84

1.01

.90

1.88

1.63
1.45
1.19
1.03
.92

Part 3:
South Region and Mountain Division
.........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
25......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................... .............
600 ....................................................................................................
800 .................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2.000 .................................................................................................
2,500 ..................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
2

16.82
10.64
7.52
5.32
4.76
3.36
2.38
1.68

1.50
1.19
.97
.84
.75
.61
.53
.48
.34

11.01

7.79
5.51
4.93
3.89
3.18
2.75
2.46
2.01

1.74
1.56
1.10

58.87
37.23
26.33
18.62
16.65
11.77
8.33
5.89
5.27
4.16
3.40
2.94
2.63
2.15
1.86

1.67
1.18

60.09
38.00
26.87
19.00
17.00
12.02

8.50
6.01

5.37
4.25
3.47
3.00
2.69
2.19
1.90
1.70
1.20

Part 4:
Midwest Region and East North Central, South Atlantic, and
East South Central Divisions
........................................................................................................
5........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25..................................... ................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ...................................................................................... .............
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ............................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

10.54
6.67
4.71
3.33
2.98
2.11

1.49
1.05
.94
.75
.61
.53
.47
.38

156

6.02

4.26
3.01
2.69
2.13
1.74
1.51
1.35
1.10

36.88
23.32
16.49
11.66

10.43
7.38
5.22
3.69
3.30
2.61
2.13
1.84
1.65
1.35

37.64
23.81
16.83
11.90
10.65
7.53
5.32
3.76
3.37
2.66

2.17
1.88
1.68

1.37

Table B-13. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by Census region and division—Continued
Census region and division and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

17.84
11.28
7.98
5.64
5.04
3.57
2.52
1.78
1.60
1.26
1.03
.89
.80
.65
.56
.50
.36

13.41
8.48

20.87
13.20
9.33
6.60
5.90
4.17
2.95
2.09
1.87
1.48

38.31
24.23
17.13

1.21

2.21

1.04
.93
.76

1.92
1.71
1.40

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

27.77
17.56
12.42
8.78
7.85
5.55
3.93
2.78
2.48
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24

50.96
32.23
22.79
16.11
14.41
10.19
7.21
5.10
4.56
3.60
2.94
2.55
2.28

58.38
36.92
26.11
18.46
16.51

1.01

1.86

63.70
40.29
28.49
20.14
18.02
12.74
9.01
6.37
5.70
4.50
3.68
3.18
2.85
2.33

.88

1.61
1.44

62.41
39.47
27.91
19.74
17.65
12.48
8.83
6.24
5.58
4.41
3.60
3.12
2.79
2.28
1.97
1.77
1.25

46.92
29.67
20.98
14.84
13.27
9.38
6.64
4.69
4.20
3.32
2.71
2.35

47.89
30.29
21.42
15.14
13.54
9.58
6.77
4.79
4.28
3.39
2.76
2.39
2.14
1.75
1.51
1.35
.96
.78

20

50

Part 5:
West South Central Division
.........................................................................................................
5 .........................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25.......................................................................................................
50.......................................................................................................
100 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 .....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
2

.79
.56

1.02

11.68

8.26
5.84
5.22
4.13
3.37
2.92
2.61
2.13
1.85
1.65
1.17

2.01

1.80
1.27

Part 6:
West Region and West North Central and Pacific Divisions
.........................................................................................................
5 .........................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
20 .......................................................................................................
25.......................................................................................................
50.......................................................................................................
100 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2.500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

6.00

4.24
3.79
2.68

1.90
1.34
1.20

.95
.77
.67
.60
.49
.42
.38
.27
.22

12.11

10.84
7.66
5.42
3.83
3.43
2.71

.66

1.21

.59
.42
.34

1.08
.77
.63

157

43.89
27.76
19.63
13.88
12.41
8.78
6.21

4.39
3.93
3.10
2.53
2.19
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24
.88

.72

2.10

1.71
1.48
1.33
.94
.77

Table B-14. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons
by State
(in thousands)
Estimated level
State
2

Alabama ..............................................
Alaska...................................................
Arizona..................................................
Arkansas ..............................................
California ...............................................
Colorado................................................
Connecticut...........................................
Delaware...............................................
Distnct of Columbia.............................
Florida...................................................

2

New Jersey..........................................
New Mexico.........................................
New York ..............................................
North Carolina .....................................
North Dakota .......................................
Ohio .......................................................
Oklahoma.................................... .........
Oregon ...................................................
Pennsylvania........................................
Rhode Island .......................................
South Carolina.....................................
South Dakota.......................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas............ ........................................
Utah.......................................................
Vermont.................................................
Virginia...................................................
Washington ...........................................
West Virginia.........................................
Wisconsin.........................................
Wyoming................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

3

20

25

50

100

200

15

21

5

7

7

11

1

1

1

2

2

3

2

3

6

8

1

2

5
5

5

3
3
3

6

6

7
9
9

10

2

4
3
4
4
4

8

11

3
7

2
2
1

Georgia..................................................
Hawaii....................................................
Idaho......................................................
Illinois.....................................................
Indiana...................................................
Iowa .......................................................
Kansas ...................................................
Kentucky................................................
Louisiana...............................................
Maine.....................................................
Maryland................................................
Massachusetts.....................................
Michigan ................................................
Minnesota..............................................
Mississippi.............................................
Missouri .................................................
Montana ................................................
Nebraska...............................................
Nevada ..................................................
New Hampshire...................................

10

5

6

6

5

6

12

2

3
3

_

3
3
3

6

8

12

6

7

10

13

5
4

6

8

11

7
9
9
5

10

9

1

2

2

3
3

4
4
4
3
4
4

2

2

3

5
7
7
3

6

6

4
5

4
5
7
5
7
3
4
4

3

1

1

2

1

2

3

1

2

2

1

2

2

1

2

3

1

3
2

2

5
6

3
4
3
3

2

2

1

2

1

2

3
3

4
3
5
4

1

1

2

2

2

2

2

3
3
3

3
4
4
4

2

2

5
5
5
5
3

3

4

5

1

1

2

2

2
2

3
3

6

1

2

5
4
3

4

1

1

2

2

3
3

2
2
1

2

2

1

2

2

3

5
5
3
5

1

1

2

2

5

13
13

18
18

-

- ■

12

17

6

8

11

7

10

10

14

7

10

10

13

14
19
14
19

6

5

6

12

5
7

10

15

6

8

11

-

-

-

16

20

-

-

-

16

21

25

15
15
16
16

17

21

25

18

22

_

7

11

6

8

11

6

8

12

6

3

27

_

9
7

8

-

11

-

6

8

12

7
7
4

10

15
13

20

_
_

_

_

_

9
6

_

7

8

6

7
4

10

8

11

2

_
_

4
4
5
4
3
5

21

4

-

7

4
7

-

25

2

1

1,000

_

3
5

6

-

20

1

2

-

23

11

2

7
3
3
5

8

2

2

-

18

5

1

1

-

_

16
19
15

4

1

1

-

_

2

2

-

_

5

4
3
3
4
3
4

-

22

3

3

40

15

2

2

36

16

2

2

6

31

15

2

1

26

10

1

2

20

_

1

6

800

18
17

12

2

2

600

16

13

1

2

400

_

1

_

250

2

158

11

6

“

15
14
9
15
-

19

_21

_
26

32

36

“

-

-

-

21
20

21

-

Table B-15. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by State
(In thousands)
Estimated level
2

5

Alabama...............................................
Alaska..................................................
Arizona.................................................
Arkansas ..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut.........................................
Delaware..............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

2

1

1

2

Georgia................................................
Hawaii ..................................................
Idaho....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana.................................................
Iowa.......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky..............................................
Louisiana .............................................
Maine...................................................

2

Maryland..............................................
Massachusetts....................................
Michigan ..............................................
Minnesota............................................
Mississippi ...........................................
Missouri......... ......................................
Montana...............................................
Nebraska.............................................
Nevada ................................................
New Hampshire..................................
New Jersey .........................................
New Mexico ........................................
New York.............................................
North Carolina.....................................
North Dakota.......................................
Ohio......................................................
Oklahoma............................................
Oregon .................................................
Pennsylvania.......................................
Rhode Island.......................................

1

South Carolina....................................
South Dakota......................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas ...................................................
Utah......................................................
Vermont...............................................
Virginia.................................................
Washington .........................................
West Virginia.......................................
Wisconsin ............................................
Wyoming..............................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

10

20

25

50

100

11

15

200

3

5

7

8

2

3

1

2

5

2

3
3
3

4
3
4
4
4

5
7

7
9

13

3

11

-

1

2
2
1

1
1
2
2

6

5

_
19

2

2

2

4

5

6

8

3

5

7

8

11

15

3
3

4
4

5

6

8

12

_
16

1

6

7

9

3
3

3
4
5

6
7

8

11

15

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

6

7

9

_

_

1

2

1

2

5

5

7

10

-

14

2

3

4
3
3
4
3
4

5

5
7

-

6

-

-

-

-

_
-

5

7

9

_

-

_
15

1

2

1

2

2
2
1

2

2

2

3

1

-

1

2

1

2

1

1

-

3

-

3
3

4
5
4

_
4
4

_
5
5

2

1

2

-

2

2

2

3
3
3

2
2
1

2
1
2
2
1
1
2
2

5
4
_

6
6

9

-

11

8

11

6

8

_

8

_

4

5

-

-

-

“

"

-

3

4

5

6

8

11

3
3
3
3

4
4
5
4
4
-

-

_
7
7
_
_
7

_

_
14
_
_
14

2

2

3
-

6
6

_
_
7
6

8

10

10

-

10

-

7

9

-

"

-

6

159

6

_
-

11

_
-

1

1

•

2

2

1

-

-

8

_
_
-

_
_
_
.

_
19
_
_
_
-

Table B-16. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic
origin by State
(In thousands)

2

Alabama......................................................
Alaska.........................................................
Arizona........................................................
Arkansas.....................................................
California.....................................................
Colorado .....................................................
Connecticut ................................................
Delaware.....................................................
District of Columbia..................................
Florida.........................................................
Georgia .......................................................
Hawaii ...... ..................................................
Idaho...........................................................
Illinois..........................................................
Indiana ........................................................
Iowa.............................................................
Kansas ........................................................
Kentucky.....................................................
Louisiana.....................................................
Maine ..........................................................

2
1
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
2

2
1
1
2
2

25

50

100

200

_

_

_

_

.

_

_
7

_
_
_
19

_
_

_

3
3
3

_
_
_
_
14

.

_
4
4
4
4

_
_
9

_

_
3

_
2

_
_
3

_
5

_
_
6

_
_
_
_
8

_
_
_
_
-

_
-1

_
4

_
5

_
_
6

_
_
8

_

_

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

.
_
_
_
_
_

3
3
2

1

2

2
2
1

2

New Jersey ................................................
New Mexico ................................. ,............
New York....................................................
North Carolina............................................
North Dakota..............................................
Ohio.............................................................
Oklahoma ...................................................
Oregon ........................................................
Pennsylvania..............................................
Rhode Island..............................................

1


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

20

1

Maryland.....................................................
Massachusetts...........................................
Michigan .....................................................
Minnesota...................................................
Mississippi ..................................................
Missouri.......................................................
Montana......................................................
Nebraska ....................................................
Nevada ........................................................
New Hampshire ........................................

South Carolina...........................................
South Dakota.............................................
Tennessee ..................................................
Texas ..........................................................
Utah.............................................................
Vermont......................................................
Virginia ........................................................
Washington.................................................
West Virginia..............................................
Wisconsin ...................................................
Wyoming.....................................................

10

5

3

1

2

1

2

2

3

1
2

t
1
1
1

_
2

6

-

6
6

_
7
7

_

10

_
_
_
-

250

•

_

_

27

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

2

2

_

_

1

_

3

8

11

_

2

5
4
5

7
5

2

4
3
5

_
_
_
_
_

1
1

2
2
2
1

2
1

_

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
3
3

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

.
_
_

_

3

4

_
6

1

2

1

_
_
_
_

-

-

2

_

-

_

2

_
-

_
2

-

1

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

2

2

_

22

2

2

400

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

10

_

7

14

19

_
22

_
_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

2

3

_

_

_

1

1

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

Table B-17. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or
white persons by State
(In thousands)

2

5

10

20

25

50

100

200

250

400

600

800

17
7
17
13
16
16

23
7
24
18

32

37

41

12

17

26
7
27
19
25
24
19

38
26
38
35
26

41
28
43
38
29

5
5
14

6

6

32
23
31
30
23
5
5
28

_
_
34

_
39
50

Alabama...............................................
Alaska..................................................
Arizona.................................................
Arkansas..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut .........................................
Delaware..............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

2

4

5

8

8

12

1

2

2

3

4
3
3
4
3

6

8

12

4
5
5
4

6

4
9
7

7
7

8

11

8

11

6

6

1

1

2

3

1

1

2

2

2

3

5

6

3
3
7

9
4
4

Georgia................................................
Hawaii ..................................................
Idaho....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana .................................................
Iowa......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky..............................................
Louisiana .............................................
Maine ...................................................

3

4

6

14

2
2

4
4

6

1

6

2

3
4
3
3
3
4

3
3
4
5
4
4
5

9
4
4

10

1

6

6

7
5
6

6

6

1

Maryland..............................................
Massachusetts....................................
Michigan ..............................................
Minnesota............................................
Mississippi ...........................................
Missouri................................................
Montana...............................................
Nebraska .............................................
Nevada ................................................
New Hampshire..................................
New Jersey .........................................
New Mexico ........................................
New York.............................................
North Carolina.....................................
North Dakota... ...................................
Ohio......................................................
Oklahoma............................................
Oregon .................................................
Pennsylvania.......................................
Rhode Island.......................................
South Carolina....................................
South Dakota......................................
Tennessee ............................................
Texas ...................................................
Utah......................................................
Vermont...............................................
Virginia.................................................
Washington .........................................
West Virginia.......................................
Wisconsin ............................................
Wyoming..............................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

3
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2

6

8

2

3

4

3

4

6

8

1

2

2

3
3
3
4

4
5
7

5
9

22
22

6

6

20

22

19

27

30

37

44

8

11

11

12

10

8

10

11

12

9

12

18

20

8

11

16

22

6

8

12

9

12

16
17

25
18
19

25
30

7
9
4

10

14
17

20

22

24

27

23
27
33

9
30
36
25
26
32
39

6

8

10

11

12

11

9
4

13

18
9

24

27
14
19
24

40

10

12

22

12

17

15
14
17

21

19
24

20

27

34
17
24
29
25
33

6

8

10

11

10

2

7

10

10

13
7

13
17
9

14
18

17
19

10

11

18
15
9

19
24

6

12

_
34
41
27
27
35
43
44
23
32
38
30
44

2

3

3
4
5
4
5
3
3
5

1

2

2

3

1

2

7

10

14

15

3
3

3
5
4
3

5

2

8

11

15

20

21

6

8

11

7
5
9

9

18
15

22

5
3

16
13

6

8

8

6

12

17

8

11

15
18
13
7

21

19
23
27

24
28
33
25

_
29
33
38
30

10

10

8

11

16

18

21

25

27

8

7
35
41

_
42
49
23

_
46
56

_
50
43
19
41

_
57
48

2
2
2
1

2

1

2

6
8

4
5
6

6

9

8

11

7
9
4
5
7
4

10
12

5

23

24

3
4
3

5

4
7
5
4
3
5
7

6

8

9

4

6

6

2

2

3

4

13
9
5

2

3

4

6

8

1

24

5
3

6

4
9

5
13
15

2
1
1

2
23
21

3
3
2
1

2

2

10

5
3

7
4

1

2

2

7

10

11

6

9
5

10

3
3

5
4

1

2

3

3

4

6

1

89

6

2

2

6

83

7
3

5
9
3

16)

10

4
16
14
7
13
4

7
18

25
18
9

8

26
29
18

20

18

31
27
14
25

28
32
19
5
34
30
15
28

6

6

6

21

13
5
22

19
10

6

18

22
1

42
36
18
34
-

20

28
35
28
39

23
25
27

22

_
17
_
26
21

31
25
_
33
36
41
35
-

20

20

45
-

Table B-17. Sampling,errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or
white persons by State —Continued
(In thousands)
Estimated level
1,000

1,500

2,000

5,000

7,500

10,000

Alabama...............................................
Alaska..................................................
Arizona.................................................
Arkansas ..............................................
California..............................................
Colorado..............................................
Connecticut........................................
Delaware..............................................
District of Columbia...........................
Florida..................................................

44
43
28
48
40
30

47

44
34

12,500

73

_
96

_
107

_
111

_
107

96

43

51

57

61

68

53

-

"

-

Georgia...............................................
Hawaii ..................................................
Idaho....................................................
Illinois...................................................
Indiana.................................................
Iowa......................................................
Kansas .................................................
Kentucky..............................................
Louisiana .............................................
Maine ...................................................

54
37
44
28
27
37
46

61

64

64

44
50
25

49
51

53
50

_
58

_
40

.34
48

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
"

_
_
_
-

43
20

38
50

“

_

66

58
39
30

21

2,500

30
25
-

'

15,000
_

Maryland..............................................
Massachusetts...................................
Michigan ..............................................
Minnesota............................................
Mississippi ...........................................
Missouri................................................
Montana...............................................
Nebraska .............................................
Nevada ................................................
New Hampshire.................................

47
25
35
41
30
47

52
28
41
44
24
53

51
30
46
43
54

45
30
48
36
51

13
-

-

-

-

-

New Jersey .........................................
New Mexico ........................................
New York.............................................
North Carolina....................................
North Dakota......................................
Ohio......................................................
Oklahoma............................................
Oregon.................................................
Pennsylvania..... .................................
Rhode Island......................................

28

33

36

37

28

_

_

_

_

35
27

41
31

47
33

64

66

-

59

36
38
42
38

43
37
37
46

48
29

51
33
51

54

_
29

51

55

61

_
48

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

South Carolina...................................
South Dakota.....................................
Tennessee ...........................................
Texas ...................................................
Utah......................................................
Vermont...............................................
Virginia.................................................
Washington .........................................
West Virginia.......................................
Wisconsin ............................................
Wyoming..............................................

29

29

23

_

_

_

_

_

_

50
63

55
75

56
84

52
92

-

109

83

61
51

69
56

73
55

72
49

-

-

_
-

_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

-

-

-

-

49

54

54

50

-

-

“

162

_
44

111

,

-

Table B-18. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for black
persons by State
(In thousands)
Estimated level
State
5

2

3

California.....................................................

District of Columbia...................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4

250

400

600

800

13

18

25

28

34

40

-

-

15
14

15

19

23

27

“
30

-

-

-

-

“

18

22

25

27

“

6

8

9

_

5

6

0

1

1

1

2

2

3

1

2

1

2

1

2

3
4
3
3
3

4
5
4
4
4

1

1

1

6

8

11

5
4
4

7

10

6

9
9

2

2

3
3

6

12

"
“

1

1

1

2

2

1

2

3

4

5

6

4
9

4
13

4
14

3

4

6

8

9

13

18

25

28

34

41

46

50

1

1

_
_

_

_
5_

6

9

14

18

21

25

5

7

10

13
14

7

10

10

7

5
7
7

10

14
15

20

22

28

33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3
3
4
4
5

6

8

11

26

3
4
5
5
5

4
5
7
7
7

6

1

_

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

2

3
3

3
3
3
3
4
5

_

_

2
1

_4
5
4
4
6

3

4

1

1

2

1

2

2

1

2

3
3
3

2

1

2

2

2

1

-

19

16
9

18

22

8

11

12

-

15

18

-

13
15

15
16

18

20

-

-

10

11

10
11

-

-

13

16

_

_

19
19

-

24

29

20

-

-

20

2

2

1

1

2

2

3
3

1

1

_

_

-

-

1

2

2

3

5

7

1

2

2

3
3
4
4

4
4

_

6

-

8

11

12

6

8

11

13

16
16

-4

6

-8

-

12

13

16

6

8

11

15

4
4

6

8

13

16

_

-

-

-

-

6

9

13

17

19

-

21

1

2

1

2

1
1

2

2

3

1

2

1

3
3

_

_

2

3
4
3
3

4
5
4
4

1

1

2

2

2

3

4

6

_

_

_

3
3

4
4

1

2

1
2
2
1
1

_

_

3

4

6

1

2

3

1

2

2

2
1

3

4

_

4

-

-

-

-

12

-

--

18

35

44

-

-

-

12

-

19

-

27

30

37

-

-

-

_

- I..- -

_
_

8

163

12

-

_-

8

6

-

32

6

10

-

_

5

5

-

28

14

14
7

-

27

_

_
_

-

26
23

10

10

-

-

_

_

21

-

23

7

-

22

~

-

6

_

-

_-

-

19
16

9
5
3
5

-

-

1

--

~

-

1

_

-

-

-

_

1,500

200

20

25

1,000

100

50

10

- J------

-

--

Table B-19. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons
of Hispanic origin by State
(In thousands)
Estimated level

State
2

10

5

Alabama...........................................

20

25

50

100

200

250

400

600

800

1,000

1,500

”
“

-

~

“

“
“

-

2,000

2,500

2
1

Arizona ................................................

3

California............................................

5

"

6

31

~

~
“

1

1

"

1

1

-

-

“
”
“

-

-

*-“

“
“
-

-

-

~
~

_
-

~

61

6

“
~

1

“
~

1

16

2

20

~
~

1
2

Kentucky............................................

~
29

“
-

21

17

2

Illinois...................................................

49

"
“
-

-

26

2

District of Columbia...........................

40

~

2

Connecticut ..............................

36

55

-

1

~
~

~

~
~
~
~

"

Maryland ..............................................

2
1

Michigan ...................................

~

1

~

Mississippi ...........................................

1
2

1

-

3

-

-

-

12

11

12

13

14

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

“

-

'

"
25

-

-

-

~

57

-68

77

'

—

“

16
18

22

-

“

~

“

6
1

Rhode Island......................................

10

1

-

-

~

11

“
-

-

5

8

~

-

“

1

6

~

~

1
2

Montana...............................................
Nebraska .................................

-

~

-

~

“
~
~
-

“
~
“
“

“
“

—

~
~
~
45

~

“
■

~
-

-

-

-

~
~
~

1
1

“
Texas .............................................
Utah.................................................

Washington ................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

3

6

1

3

5

8

9

t3

26

29

37

“
—

“
“
”

~

7

-

2

164

~

~

51

~
-

“

~

Index to tables B-20 to B-25 of sampling errors for rates by State
Table
B-20

B-21

B-22

B-23

B-24

B-25

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Pari:

6

10
1
2

Alabama..................................................................
Alaska .......................................................................
Arizona.....................................................................
Arkansas ..................................................................
California..................................................................
Colorado..................................................................
Connecticut.............................................................
Delaware..................................................................
District of Columbia............................................
Florida.......................................................................

10
1
3

5
1
3

3
1
2

10
4
10

6

6

8

8

2
2
3
1
1
6

2
3
3
4
4
9

3
3
2
4
4
10

1
1

Georgia.....................................................................
Hawaii.......................................................................
Idaho .......................................................................
Illinois.......................................................................
Indiana....................................................................
Iowa.........................................................................
Kansas .....................................................................
Kentucky..................................................................
Louisiana ................................................................
Maine.......................................................................

10

5

5

8
8

8
8

6
6

3
2
3

9
2

10
3

8

6

6

6
3
5

8
8

6
8

8

2
3
9

3
10
4

Maryland..................................................................
Massachusetts ......................................................
Michigan..................................................................
Minnesota................................................................
Mississippi................................................................
Missouri ..................................................................
Montana..................................................................
Nebraska ................................................................
Nevada .....................................................................
New Hampshire...................................................

3
7

2
10

2
7

10
7

14

6

8

6

6

8

6

10
6
2

2
9
2
4
7

3

1
3
10
7
5
3
4

11
2
2
2
3
9
9
12

7
9
10

2
2
5

8
7
5

8
8

New Jersey.............................................................
New Mexico...........................................................
New York...............................................................
North Carolina ......................................................
North Dakota ........................................................
Ohio.........................................................................
Oklahoma................................................................
Oregon....................................................................
Pennsylvania...........................................................
Rhode Island ........................................................

4
5

6
8

6

3
3
3

9
10
11
9
9
9
9

8

8

South Carolina...................................................
South Dakota......................................................
Tennessee ...........................................................
Texas ....................................................................
Utah .......................................................................
Vermont ...............................................................
Virginia..................................................................
Washington...........................................................
West Virginia........................................................

3
9
10
2
7
1
10
10
4
10
1

9
11
2
2
7
4
2
2
10
2

Wyoming...............................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8

7

1
6

8
3
4
7
9
9

8
9
10
7
9
10
2
2
10
9
10
4
3
3
7
4
3
5
7
2
4

11

165

6
2
2
3
11
7
7
1

5
1

6
7
9

6
1
10

8
9
6
4
10
11
3
2
12
11
5
10
9

1
5
14
2
5
5
3
4
5

6
12
8
5
2
11
2
13
7
12

10
10
11
11
4
11
14
5
.11
12
13
4
13
14
9
4

6
2
11
14
4

8
3
4

6
5
5

6
3
11
7
6
10

6
3
6
3
11

8
10
13
10
7
11

8
8
9
7

1
6
10
3
9
11
9
11
10
12
9
1
10
2
7
10
13

Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)

1

2

4

6

8

10

3.33

4.65
2.94
2.08
1.47
1.32
.93

6.38
4.04

7.58
4.80
3.39
2.40
2.15
1.53
1.09
.78
.71
.57

8.47
5.36
3.79
2.69
2.41
1.71
1.23
.89
.80
.65

9.14
5.79
4.10
2.91
2.60

21.51
13.60
9.62
6.80
6.08
4.30
3.04
2.15
1.92
1.52
1.24
1.08
.96
.79

24.44
15.46
10.93
7.73
6.91
4.89
3.46
2.44
2.19
1.73
1.41

26.87
16.99

15

20

25

4.55
3.23
2.90
2.08
1.51

10.30
6.54
4.64
3.32
2.98
2.16
1.60

9.73
6.18
4.41
3.17

1.12
1.03

1.22
1.13

.87

.98

1.27
1.19
1.07

31.48
19.91
14.08
9.96
8.90
6.30
4.45
3.15
2.82
2.23
1.82
1.58
1.41
1.15

34.63
21.90
15.49
10.95
9.79
6.93
4.90
3.46
3.10
2.45

36.68
23.20
16.41
11.60
10.38
7.34
5.19
3.67
3.28
2.60

2.00
1.74

2.12
1.84

1.55
1.27

.85
.76
.54
.44
.38
.35
.32

1.00
.90

1.10
.99

.64
.52
.45
.41
.38

.70
.58
.50
.46
.42

1.65
1.35
1.17
1.05
.75
.62
.54
.49
.45

28.74
18.18
12.85
9.09
8.13
5.75
4.07

20.22
14.30
10.11
9.04

1.56
1.27

24.29
15.37
10.87
7.68
6.87
4.86
3.44
2.43
2.17
1.72
1.40

1.10
.99

1.22
1.09

.81
.70
.62
.44
.36

.89
.77
.69
.49
.40

1.44
1.29
1.05
.91
.82
.58
.48

Part 1:
Alaska, Delaware, the District of
Columbia, North Dakota, Vermont,
and Wyoming

2............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100.......................................................
200
.......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................

2.11
1.49
1.05
.94
.67
.47
.33
.30
.24

.66
.47
.42
.33

2.86
2.02
1.81
1.28
.91
.65
.59
.47

1.86
1.33
.97

.88
.72

10.12
6.41

2.86
2.11
1.60

Part 2:
California, Colorado, Indiana,
Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, and
Texas

2............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500

....................................................
....................................................

....................................................
....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................

10,000
..................................................
12,500 ..................................................
15,000 ..................................................

9.12
5.77
4.08

12.81

2.88

4.05
3.62
2.56
1.81
1.28
1.15
.91
.74
.64
.57
.47
.41
.36
.26

2.58
1.82
1.29
.91
.82
.65
.53
.46
.41
.33
.29
.26
.18
.15
.13

.12
.11

8.10
5.73

.21

.18
.16
.15

17.84
11.28
7.98
5.64
5.05
3.57
2.52
1.78
1.60
1.26
1.03
.89
.80
.65
.56
.51
.36
.29
.25
.23

.68
.61
.43
.35
.31
.27
.25

.21

1.22
1.09
.89
.77
.69
.49
.40
.35
.31
.29

12.02
8.50
7.60
5.37
3.80
2.69
2.40
1.90
1.55
1.34

1.20
.98

Part 3:
Arizona, Connecticut, Illinois,
Iowa, Maryland, Oklahoma,
Oregon, Pennsylvania, and South
Carolina

10.........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 ..... ...................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000 ................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000
....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8.13
5.14
3.64
2.57
2.30
1.63
1.15
.81
.73
.58
.47
.41
.36
.30
.26
.23
.16
.13

11.43
7.23
5.11
3.62
3.23
2.29
1.62
1.14

1.02
.81
.66
.57
.51
.42
.36
.32
.23
.19

15.97

19.32

10.10
7.14

12.22
8.64
6.11
5.46

5.05
4.52
3.19
2.26
1.60
1.43
1.13
.92
.80
.71
.58
.51
.45
.32
.26

3.86
2.73
1.93
1.73
1.37

1.12
.97
.86
.71
.61
.55
.39
.32

166

22.02
13.93
9.85
6.96
6.23
4.40
3.11

2.20
1.97

2.88

2.57
2.03

1.66

31.98

6.40
4.52
3.20

2.86

2.26
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.17

1.02
.91
.65
.53

34.34
21.72
15.36

10.86
9.71
6.87
4.86
3.44
3.07
2.43
1.99
1.72
1.54
1.26
1.09
.98
.70
.58

Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
State —Continued
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
4

1

2

6.29
3.98
2.81
1.99
1.78
1.26
.89
.63
.56
.44
.36
.31
.28
.23

8.84
5.59
3.95
2.79
2.50
1.77
1.25

6

8

10

15

20

25

24.66
15.59
11.03
7.80
6.97
4.93
3.49
2.47

26.46
16.73
11.83
8.37
7.48
5.29
3.74
2.65
2.37

Part 4:
New Jersey and West Virginia

2
.............................................................
5............................................................
10
20
25

..........................................................
..........................................................
..........................................................
50 ..........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500

....................................................
....................................................

....................................................
....................................................
5,000 ....................................................

12.34
7.81
5.52
3.90
3.49
2.47
1.75
1.23

14.92
9.44
6.67
4.72
4.22
2.98

.79
.62
.51
.44
.40
.32
.28
.25
.18

1.10
.87

1.34
1.06

.71
.62
.55
.45
.39
.35
.25

.86
.75

5.21
3.30
2.33
1.65
1.47
1.04
.74
.52
.47
.37
.30
.26

7.21
4.56
3.22
2.28
2.04
1.44

9.71
6.14
4.35
3.08
2.75
1.95
1.38
.99

11.28
7.14

.65
.52
.42
.37

.88
.71

7.40
4.68
3.31
2.34
2.09
1.48
1.05
.74

10.40
6.58
4.65
3.29
2.94
2.03
1.47
1.04
.93
.74
.60
.52
.47
.38
.33
.29

14.53
9.19
6.50
4.59
4.11
2.91
2.05
1.45
1.30
1.03
.84
.73
.65
.53
.46
.41
.29
.24

.20
.18
.13

.88

2.11
1.49

.67
.55
.47
.42
.30

17.01
10.76
7.61
5.38
4.81
3.40
2.41
1.70
1.52

1.20
.98
.85
.76
.62
.54
.48
.34

18.76
11.87
8.39
5.93
5.31
3.75
2.65

22.18
14.03
9.92
7.01
6.27
4.44
3.14

1.88
1.68
1.33

2.22
1.99

1.08
.94
.84
.69
.60
.53
.38

1.57
1.28

1.11
.99
.81
.71
.63
.45

2.21
1.75
1.43
1.24

1.11
.91
.79
.71
.50

1.88
1.53
1.33
1.19
.97
.85
.76
.54

Part 5:
Maine, New Hampshire, and New
Mexico

2.............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200

250
400
600
800

........................................................
.......................................................
........................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................

1.02
.73

.58
.51

12.84

3.58
3.20
2.27
1.61
1.16
1.04
.84
.70
.62

12.28
7.77
5.50
3.90
3.49
2.48
1.77
1.27
1.15
.93
.78
.70

5j05

8.12
5.75
4.08
3.65
2.60

12.58
7.97
5.65
4.02
3.61
2.59

1.86
1.35
1.22
1.00
.85

1.88
1.40

.76

.88

22.12
13.99

26.18
16.56
11.71
8.28
7.41
5.24
3.70
2.62
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.96
.83
.74
.53
.43
.37

1.28
1.08
.96

9.61

_

6.11
4.36

_
_
_
_
.63

3.14
2.83
2.09
1.59
1.27
1.19
1.07

1.00
.96

.86
.90
.95
.98
.99

Part 6:
Arkansas, Florida, Kansas,
Michigan, Mississippi, New York,
and Ohio

2............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 ..........................................................
25 ..........................................................
50 ..........................................................
100
200
250

........................................................
.................................................... .
........................................................
400 ........................................................
600 ........................................................
800 ........................................................

1,000
....................................................
1.500 ....................................................
2,000
....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................
7,500 ....................................................

10,000 ..................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.66
.52
.43
.37
.33
.27
.23

.21
.15
.12
.10

.21
.17
.15

.21

17.58

20.04

11.12
7.86

12.68
8.96

5.56
4.97
3.52
2.49
1.76
1.57
1.24

6.34
5.67
4.01
2.83

9.89
6.99
6.26
4.42
3.13

2.00
1.79

2.21
1.98

1.02
.88
.79

1.42
1.16

1.56
1.28

1.00
.90

1.11
.99

.64
.56
.50
.35
.29
.25

.73
.63
.57
.40
.33
.28

.81
.70
.63
.44
.36
.31

167

29.15
18.44
13.04
9.22
8.25
5.83
4.12
2.92
2.61
2.06

1.68
1.46
1.31
1.07
.92
.83
.59
.48
.42

31.33
19.82
14.01
9.91

8.86

6.27
4.43
3.13
2.80

2.22
1.81
1.57
1.40
1.15
.99
.89
.63
.52
.45

Table B-20. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
State —Continued
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
4

1

2

5.81
3.67
2.60
1.84
1.64
1.16
.82
.58
.52
.41
.34
.29
.26

8.16
5.16
3.65
2.58
2.31
1.63
1.15
.82
.73
.58
.47
.41
.37
.30
.26
.23
.16

11.38
7.20
5.09
3.60
3.22
2.28
1.61
1.14

6.69
4.23
2.99

9.35
5.91
4.18
2.96
2.64
1.87
1.32
.94
.84

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 7:
Massachusetts, Nebraska, North
Carolina, and Utah

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200

250
400
600
800

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................

1,000 ....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000
2,500

....................................................
....................................................
5,000 ....................................................

.21
.18
.16

.12

1.02
.81
.66

.57
.51
.42
.36
.32
.23

13.74
8.69
6.15
4.35
3.89
2.75
1.94
1.37
1.23
.97
.79
.69
.62
.50
.44
.39
.28

15.64
9.89
6.99
4.94
4.42
3.13

11.30
7.15
5.06
3.58
3.20
2.26
1.60
1.13

12.88
8.15

2.21
1.56
1.40

1.11
.90
.78
.70
.57
.50
.45
.32

17.22
10.89
7.70
5.44
4.87
3.44
2.44
1.72
1.54

1.22
1.00
.86
.77

20.26
12.81
9.06
6.41
5.73
4.05
2.87
2.03
1.81
1.44
1.17

1.02
.91

22.39
14.16

10.01
7.08
6.33
4.48
3.17
2.24

2.01
1.59
1.30
1.13

1.01
.83

23.86
15.09
10.67
7.55
6.75
4.78
3.38
2.39
2.14
1.70
1.39

1.21
1.08

.63
.55
.49
.35

.75
.65
.58
.42

14.21
8.99
6.36
4.50
4.02
2.84

16.80
10.63
7.52
5.32
4.75
3.36
2.38
1.69
1.51

18.68
11.81
8.36
5.91
5.29
3.74
2.65

20.04

1.88
1.69

2.02
1.81

1.01
.83

1.20
.98

1.34

1.44
1.19

12.44
7.87
5.57
3.95
3.53
2.51
1.79
1.29
1.16
.94

13.35
8.45
5.98
4.24
3.80
2.71
1.94
1.41
1.28
1.05

13.70

35.18
22.25
15.74
11.13
9.96
7.05
4.99
3.54
3.17
2.51
2.06
1.80
1.61
1.34
1.17
1.06
.79

37.47
23.70
16.76

38.05
24.07
17.03
12.05
10.78
7.63
5.41
3.85
3.46
2.76
2.28

.72
.65
.47

.89
.77
.70
.51

Part 8:
Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada,
and Rhode Island

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.................................... ....................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................

4.76
3.01
2.13
1.51
1.35
.95
.67
.48
.43
.34
.28

2.12
1.89
1.34
.95
.67
.60
.47
.39

1.01
.80
.66

.66

.54

5.76
4.08
3.65
2.58
1.82
1.29
1.16
.92
.75

2.01
1.43
1.28

1.10

12.68
8.97
6.34
5.67
4.02
2.85

Part 9:
South Dakota

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100.......................................................
200
.......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 .......................................................

3.77
2.39
1.69
1.19
1.07
.75
.53
.38
.34
.27

5.28
3.34
2.36
1.67
1.49
1.06
.75
.53
.47
.38

7.32
4.63
3.27
2.32
2.07
1.47
1.04
.74

10.81
6.84
4.84
3.42
3.06
2.16
1.53
1.08
.97
.77
.62
.54
.48
.40
.34
.31

15.13
9.57
6.77
4.79
4.28
3.03
2.14
1.51
1.35
1.07

20.94
13.24
9.36
6.62
5.92
4.19
2.96

.66
.53

8.77
5.55
3.93
2.78
2.49
1.76
1.25
.89
.80
.64

9.91
6.27
4.43
3.14
2.81
1.99
1.41

10.82
6.85
4.84
3.43
3.07
2.18
1.55

1.01
.90

1.11
.99

.72

.80

25.06
15.85

28.25
17.87
12.63
8.93
7.99
5.65
4.00
2.83
2.53

30.79
19.48
13.77
9.74
8.71
6.16
4.36
3.09
2.76
2.19
1.79
1.56
1.40
1.15

8.68

6.15
4.37
3.91
2.80

2.02
1.48
1.35
1.13

Part 10:
Alabama, Georgia, Minnesota,
Tennessee, Virginia, Washington,
and Wisconsin

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 ......................................................

1,000
....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000
....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.22

.76

2.10
1.88
1.48
1.21
1.05

.48
.43
.31

.94
.77
.67
.60
.43

.88
.68
.55

11.21
7.93
7.09
5.01
3.55
2.51
2.25
1.78
1.45
1.26
1.13
.93
.81
.72
.52

168

2.01
1.64
1.43
1.28
1.05
.91
.82
.60

1.00
.90
.66

11.86
10.61
7.51
5.32
3.78
3.39
2.69

2.22
1.94
1.74
1.45
1.28
1.17
.89

2.00
1.81
1.52
1.35
1.23
.97

Table B-21. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by State
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)

1

2

4

2.93
1.85
1.31

4.13
2.61
1.85

5.80
3.67
2.59

7.07
4.47
3.16

9.43
5.96
4.22
2.98
2.67
1.89
1.33
.94
.84
.67
.54
.47
.42

13.30
8.41
5.95
4.20
3.76

18.70
11.83
8.36
5.91
5.29
3.74
2.65
1.87
1.67
1.32
1.08
.93
.84

22.78
14.41
10.19
7.20
6.44
4.56
3.22
2.28
2.04
1.61
1.31
1.14

8.44
5.34
3.78
2.67
2.39
1.69
1.19
.84

11.91
7.53
5.33
3.77
3.37
2.38

16.75
10.60
7.49
5.30
4.74
3.35
2.37
1.67

20.41
12.91
9.13
6.45
5.77
4.08

2
.............................................................
5.............................................................
10 ..........................................................
20 ..........................................................
25 ..........................................................

3.86
2.44
1.72

50 ..........................................................

7.65
4.84
3.42
2.42
2.16
1.53
1.08
.76

9.32
5.89
4.17
2.95
2.63

.77
.55
.39
.34

5.44
3.44
2.43
1.72
1.54
1.09
.77
.54
.49

15.39
9.73

21.46
13.57
9.60
6.79
6.07
4.29
3.04
2.15
1.92
1.52
1.24
1.07
.96

6

8

10

15

20

25

8.11
5.13

9.02
5.70
4.03

10.88
6.88
4.86

12.36
7.82
5.52

13.60
8.60
6.07

35.13

39.97
25.28
17.88
12.64
11.31
7.99
5.65
4.00
3.57
2.82
2.30
1.99
1.78

44.03
27.85
19.69
13.92
12.45
8.80

Part 1:
Alaska

2
.............................................................
5.............................................................
10 ..........................................................

3.63

Part 2:
California, Indiana, Maryland,
Minnesota, Missouri, Tennessee,
Texas, Virginia, Washington, and
Wisconsin

2.............................................................
10 ..........................................................
20
..........................................................
25 ..........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
........................................................
........................................................
400 ........................................................
600 ........................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000 ....................................................

2.66
1.88
1.33
1.19
.94
.77

.66

.59

1.02

26.16
16.55
11.70
8.27
7.40
5.23
3.70
2.62
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17

29.09
18.40
13.01
9.20
8.23
5.82
4.11
2.91
2.60
2.06

1.30

7.02
4.97
3.51
3.14
2.48
2.03
1.75
1.57

23.44
14.82
10.48
7.41
6.63
4.69
3.31
2.34

26.06
16.48
11.65
8.24
7.37
5.21
3.68
2.60

31.47
19.90
14.07
9.95
8.90
6.29
4.44
3.14

35.82
22.65
16.02
11.32
10.13
7.16
5.05
3.57

39.45
24.95
17.64
12.47
11.15
7.88
5.56
3.92

10.70
6.77
4.78
3.38
3.02
2.14
1.51
1.06
.95

11.90
7.52
5.32
3.76
3.36
2.37
1.67
1.18
1.05

14.37
9.09
6.42
4.54
4.06

16.35
10.34
7.31
5.16
4.61
3.25
2.29
1.60
1.42

18.01
11.39
8.05
5.68
5.08
3.58
2.51
1.75
1.55

29.49
18.65
13.19
9.33
8.34
5.90
4.17
2.95
2.64
2.09
1.71
1.48
1.32

32.49
20.55
14.53
10.27
9.19
6.50
4.60
3.25
2.91
2.30

38.25
24.19
17.11

1.88
1.63

2.22
1.92

1.46

1.72

42.31
26.76
18.92
13.38
11.97
8.47
5.99
4.24
3.79
3.00
2.46
2.13
1.91

45.14
28.55
20.19
14.28
12.77
9.03
6.39
4.53
4.05
3.21
2.63
2.28
2.05

1.68
1.45

22.22
15.71
11.11
9.94

6.22

4.40
3.93
3.11
2.54

2.20
1.96

Part 3:
Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut,
and Kentucky

2
............................................................
5.............................................................
10 ..........................................................
20
..........................................................
25 ..........................................................
50 ..........................................................

100
200

........................................................
.......................................................

1.68

1.19

2.88
2.04

Part 4:
Delaware, the District of Columbia,
Montana, and Vermont

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................

1.22
1.09

1.86
1.31
.93
.83

.68

2.86
2.02
1.41
1.26

Part 5:
Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana

2.............................................................
10 ..........................................................
20
..........................................................
25 ..........................................................
50 ................................................... ......

100
200
250

........................................................
.......................................................
........................................................
400 ........................................................
600 ........................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000

....................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

10.95
6.93
4.90
3.46
3.10
2.19
1.55

1.10
.98
.77
.63
.55
.49

6.88
4.87
4.35
3.08
2.18
1.54
1.38
1.09
.89
.77
.69

25.92
16.39
11.59

8.20
7.33
5.18
3.67
2.59
2.32
1.83
1.50
1.30
1.16

169

12.10
10.82
7.65
5.41
3.83
3.43
2.71

Table B-21. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by State
—Continued
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
4

2

1

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 6:
Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan,
and New Jersey
7.26
4.59
3.25
2.30
2.05
1.45
1.03
.73
.65
.51
.42

10.24
6.48
4.58
3.24
2.90
2.05
1.45

14.40
9.11
6.44
4.55
4.07

1.02
.92

1.44
1.29

.72
.59

1.02
.83

5.41
3.42
2.42
1.71
1.53

7.63
4.83
3.41
2.41
2.16

10.73
6.79
4.80
3.39
3.04

13.07
8.27
5.85
4.13
3.70

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................

5.12
3.23
2.29
1.62
1.45

50 .........................................................

1.02

7.21
4.56
3.23
2.28
2.04
1.44

10.14
6.41
4.53
3.21
2.87
2.03

10.78
6.82
4.82
3.41
3.05
2.16
1.53
1.08
.96
.76
.62
.54
.48
.39

15.17
9.59
6.78
4.80
4.29
3.03
2.15
1.52
1.36
1.07

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................

2.88
2.04

17.54
11.09
7.84
5.55
4.96
3.51
2.48
1.75
1.57
1.24

1.29

27.01
17.08
12.08
8.54
7.64
5.40
3.82
2.70
2.41
1.91
1.55

30.72
19.43
13.74
9.71
8.69
6.14
4.34
3.07
2.74
2.17
1.77

33.82
21.39
15.12
10.69
9.56
6.76
4.78
3.38
3.02
2.38
1.94

15.01
9.50
6.71
4.75
4.25

16.69
10.56
7.46
5.28
4.72

20.16
12.75
9.01
6.37
5.70

22.94
14.51
10.26
7.25
6.48

25.27
15.98
11.29
7.98
7.14

12.35
7.81
5.52
3.90
3.49
2.47

14.17
8.96
6.34
4.48
4.01
2.83

15.75
9.96
7.04
4.98
4.45
3.14

18.99

21.57
13.64
9.64
6.81
6.09
4.30

23.72
15.00
10.60
7.49
6.70
4.73

18.48
11.69
8.26
5.84
5.23
3.70
2.61
1.85
1.65
1.31
1.07
.92
.83
.67

21.22
13.42

23.59
14.92
10.55
7.46
6.67
4.72
3.34
2.36

28.48
18.01
12.74
9.00
8.05
5.69
4.03
2.85
2.55

32.40
20.49
14.49
10.25
9.16
6.48
4.58
3.24
2.90
2.29
1.87
1.62
1.44
1.18

35.68
22.56
15.96
11.28
10.09
7.13
5.04
3.56
3.19
2.52
2.05
1.78
1.59
1.29

14.42
9.12
6.45
4.56
4.08

18.26
11.55
8.16
5.77
5.16
3.65
2.58
1.83
1.63
1.29
1.05
.91

21.79
13.78
9.74
6.89
6.16
4.36
3.08
2.18
1.95
1.54
1.26
1.09

24.48
15.48
10.95
7.74
6.92
4.90
3.46
2.45
2.19
1.73
1.41

26.60
16.82
11.89
8.41
7.52
5.32
3.76

.72

16.49
10.43
7.38
5.22
4.66
3.30
2.33
1.65
1.47
1.17
.95
.82

1.22

1.33

8.50

9.76

10.85

13.09

14.89

16.39

1.01

20.13
12.73
9.00
6.37
5.69
4.03
2.85

2.01
1.80
1.42
1.16

22.38
14.16

10.01
7.08
6.33
4.48
3.16
2.24

2.00
1.58

Part 7:
Nebraska and Utah

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
Part 8:
Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Nevada, New
Hampshire, New Mexico, and
Rhode Island

12.01
8.49
6.00
5.36
3.79

Part 9:
Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New
York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon,
Pennsylvania, and South Carolina

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 ........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
1,500

....................................................
....................................................

7.65
4.84
3.42
2.42
2.16
1.53
1.08
.76

.68
.54
.44
.38
.34
.28

.88
.68
.55

.76

9.49
6.71

6.00
4.24
3.00

2.12
1.90
1.50

1.22

1.06
.95
.77

2.11
1.67
1.36
1.18
1.05

.86

2.01
1.64
1.42
1.27
1.04

Part 10:
Massachusetts, North Carolina, and
West Virginia

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................

6.03
3.81
2.70
1.91
1.71

8.49
5.37
3.80

50 .........................................................

1.21
.85

1.70

11.89
7.52
5.32
3.76
3.36
2.38

1.20
.85

1.68
1.19

.76
.60
.49
.42

1.06
.84
.69
.59

4.96

6.98

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

.60
.54
.43
.35
.30

2.68
2.40

2.88
2.04
1.44
1.29

1.02
.83

2.66
2.38
1.88
1.53

Part 11:
North Dakota, South Dakota, and
Wyoming

2............................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

3.52

170

Table B-22. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic
origin by State
Estimated rate (percent)

State and size of

6

8

10

15

20

25

1

2

4

2.92
1.84
1.30

4.10
2.59
1.83

5.73
3.62
2.56

6.92
4.38
3.10

7.89
4.99
3.53

8.70
5.50
3.89

10.29
6.51
4.60

11.44
7.23
5.12

12.27
7.76
5.49

2
............................................................
5.............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................

9.32
5.90
4.17
2.95
2.64

12.99

25.44
16.09
11.38
8.05
7.20
5.10
3.62
2.57
2.30
1.83

28.04
17.74
12.55

28.32
17.92

1.86
1.32

21.15
13.38
9.46
6.69
5.99
4.24
3.00
2.13
1.90
1.51

23.60
14.93
10.56
7.47

50 .........................................................

17.83
11.28
7.98
5.64
5.05
3.57
2.53
1.79
1.60
1.27

8.04
5.71
4.07
2.92
2.63
2.13

26.36
16.69
11.82
8.38
7.51
5.34
3.83
2.78
2.52
2.07

19.16

23.24
14.70
10.39
7.35
6.57
4.65
3.29
2.32
2.08
1.64
1.34
1.16
1.04
.85
.73

26.58
16.81
11.89
8.41
7.52
5.32
3.76

35.15
22.23
15.72

39.52
25.00
17.68
12.50
11.18
7.90
5.59
3.95
3.53
2.79
2.28
1.98
1.77
1.44
1.25

42.97
27.18
19.22
13.59
12.15
8.59
6.08
4.30
3.84
3.04
2.48
2.15
1.92
1.57
1.36

.46

1.53
1.33
1.19
.97
.84
.75
.53

29.43
18.61
13.16
9.31
8.32
5.89
4.16
2.94
2.63
2.08
1.70
1.47
1.32
1.07
.93
.83
.59

.70

1.12
.79

1.21
.86

(In thousands)

Part 1:
Alaska

2
.............................................................
5.............................................................
10 .........................................................
Part 2:
Arizona, Connecticut, Kentucky,
Maryland, Oklahoma, Oregon, and
Wisconsin

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................

.93
.83

.66

8.22
5.81
4.11
3.68
2.60
1.84
1.30
1.16
.92

6.68
4.73
3.35
2.38
2.13
1.69

8.88
7.95
5.63
4.00
2.85
2.56
2.05

12.68
8.98

Part 3:
Alabama, California, Colorado,
Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota,
Missouri, Tennessee, Texas, and
Virginia

2
.............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 ..........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................

1,000
....................................................
1,500 ....................................................
2,000
....................................................
2,500 ....................................................
5,000 ....................................................

9.71
6.14
4.34
3.07
2.75
1.94
1.37
.97
.87
.69
.56
.49
.43
.35
.31
.27
.19

13.67
8.65

3.84
2.43
1.72

5.41
3.42
2.42
1.71

7.59
4.80
3.39
2.40

9.23
5.84
4.13
2.92

10.57
6.69
4.73
3.34

11.73
7.42
5.24
3.71

14.08
8.90
6.29
4.45

15.92
10.07
7.12
5.03

17.41

14.94
9.45

20.96
13.26
9.37
6.63
5.93
4.19

25.47
16.11
11.39
8.05
7.20
5.09

29.18
18.46
13.05
9.23
8.25
5.84

32.36
20.47
14.47
10.23
9.15
6.47

38.82
24.55
17.36
12.28
10.98
7.76

43.87
27.74
19.62
13.87
12.41
8.77

47.95
30.33
21.44
15.16
13.56
9.59

6.11
4.32
3.87
2.73
1.93
1.37

1.22
.97
.79

.68
.61
.50
.43
.39
.27

12.12
8.57
6.06
5.42
3.83
2.71
1.92
1.71
1.35

1.11
.96
.86
.70
.61
.54
.38

.66

2.66

2.38

1.88

11.12
9.94
7.03
4.97
3.51
3.14
2.49
2.03
1.76
1.57
1.28

1.11
.99

Part 4:
Delaware, the District of Columbia,
Montana, South Dakota, Vermont,
and Wyoming

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20 .........................................................

1.21

11.01
7.78
5.50

Part 5:
Georgia and Washington

2
.............................................................
5...........................................................
10 ........................................................
20
........................................................
25 ........................................................
50 ........................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

10.60
6.71
4.74
3.35
3.00

2.12

6.68
4.72
4.22
2.99

171

Table B-22. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for persons of Hispanic
origin by State —Continued
State and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)

1

2

4

4.60
2.91
2.06
1.46
1.30

6.47
4.09
2.89
2.05
1.83

9.04
5.72
4.04

5.96
3.77
2.67
1.89
1.69
1.19
.84

8.40
5.31
3.76

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 6:
Hawaii and Idaho

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................

12.47
7.89
5.58
3.94
3.53

13.76
8.70
6.15
4.35
3.89

16.29
10.30
7.29
5.15
4.61

18.14
11.47

2.56

10.94
6.92
4.89
3.46
3.09

11.79
7.46
5.27
3.73
3.34
2.36
1.67

14.33
9.07
6.41
4.53
4.05
2.87
2.03

16.42
10.39
7.35
5.19
4.65
3.28
2.32

18.22
11.52
8.15
5.76
5.15
3.64
2.58

21.87
13.83
9.78
6.92
6.19
4.37
3.09

24.73
15.64
11.06
7.82
6.99
4.94
3.50

27.05
17.11

13.13
8.30
5.87
4.15
3.71
2.63

18.28
11.56
8.18
5.78
5.17
3.66
2.59
1.83
1.63
1.29

20.28
12.83
9.07
6.41
5.74
4.06
2.87
2.03
1.81
1.43

24.35
15.40
10.89
7.70
6.89
4.87
3.44
2.43
2.18
1.72

27.53
17.41
12.31
8.71
7.79
5.50
3.89
2.75
2.46
1.94

30.12
19.05
13.47
9.52
8.52

1.17
.93

15.96
10.09
7.14
5.05
4.51
3.19
2.26
1.60
1.43
1.13

10.63
6.72
4.75
3.36
3.01
2.13
1.50
1.06
.95

12.85
8.13
5.75
4.06
3.63
2.57
1.82
1.29
1.15

14.63
9.26
6.55
4.63
4.14
2.93
2.07
1.47
1.31

16.14

5.10
4.57
3.23
2.28
1.62
1.45

19.05
12.05
8.52
6.03
5.39
3.81
2.70
1.91
1.71

21.14
13.37
9.46
6.69
5.98
4.23
3.00
2.13
1.91

22.64
14.32
10.13
7.17
6.41
4.54
3.22
2.28
2.05

15.04
9.51
6.73
4.76
4.25
3.01
2.13
1.50
1.35
1.06
.87
.75

18.28
11.56
8.18
5.78
5.17
3.66
2.59
1.83
1.64
1.29
1.06
.91

20.95
13.25
9.37
6.62
5.93
4.19
2.96
2.09
1.87
1.48

23.24
14.70
10.39
7.35
6.57
4.65
3.29
2.32
2.08
1.64
1.34
1.16

27.89
17.64
12.47
8.82
7.89
5.58
3.94
2.79
2.49
1.97
1.61
1.39

31.54
19.95
14.10
9.97
8.92
6.31
4.46
3.15
2.82
2.23
1.82
1.57

34.50
21.82
15.43
10.91
9.76
6.90
4.88
3.45
3.08
2.44
1.99
1.72

2.86

8.11
5.74
5.13

19.49
12.33
8.72
6.17
5.52

Part 7:
Massachusetts, Nebraska, North
Carolina, Utah, and West Virginia

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10
20
25

.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
50 .........................................................

100

.......................................................

2.66
1.68
1.19

2.38

12.10
8.55
7.65
5.41
3.82

Part 8:
Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan,
Mississippi, and New Jersey

2
............................................................
5............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
................................................. ..
.......................................................
400 .......................................................

6.64
4.20
2.97

2.10
1.88
1.33
.94

.66
.59

9.35
5.91
4.18
2.96
2.65
1.87
1.32
.94
.84

.47

.66

5.42
3.43
2.42
1.71
1.53
1.08
.77
.54
.48

7.61
4.82
3.40
2.41
2.15
1.52
1.08
.76

7.61
4.81
3.40
2.41
2.15
1.52
1.08
.76

10.72
6.78
4.79
3.39
3.03
2.14
1.52
1.07
.96
.76
.62
.54

1.86
1.31

6.02
4.26
3.01
2.69

2.12

Part 9:
Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire,
New Mexico, North Dakota, and
Rhode Island

2............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................

.68

10.21
7.22

Part 10:
Florida, Illinois, New York, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and South Carolina

2............................................................
10 .........................................................
20
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 .........................................................

100
200
250

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
400 .......................................................
600 .......................................................
800 .......................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.68
.54
.44
.38

172

1.21

1.05

Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by State
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

15.49
9.80
6.93
4.90
4.38
3.10
2.19
1.55
1.39

24.12
15.26
10.79
7.63
6.82
4.82
3.41
2.41
2.16
1.71
1.39

44.27
28.00
19.80
14.00
12.52
8.85
6.26
4.43
3.96
3.13
2.56

50.72
32.08

1.21
.88
.76
.68
.48

2.21
1.98

54.22
34.29
24.25
17.15
15.34
10.84
7.67
5.42
4.85
3.83
3.13
2.71
2.42
1.98
1.71
1.53
1.08
.89
.77
.69
.63
.54
.48

55.34
35.00
24.75
17.50
15.65
11.07
7.83
5.53
4.95
3.91
3.19
2.77
2.47

19.83
12.54
8.87
6.27
5.61
3.97
2.80
1.98
1.77
1.40
1.14

20.23
12.80
9.05
6.40
5.72
4.05

49.63
31.39
22.19
15.69
14.04
9.93
7.02
4.96
4.44
3.51
2.87
2.48

50.65
32.03
22.65
16.02
14.33
10.13
7.16
5.07
4.53
3.58
2.92
2.53
2.27
1.85
1.60
1.43

Part 1:
California, Colorado, Indiana, Minnesota, New Mexico, and
Oklahoma

25

.........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................

10.......................................................................................................
20
.......................................................................................................
25.......................................................................................................
50 .......................................................................................................

100.....................................................................................................
200
....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 .....................................................................................................
600 .....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................

1,000
.................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000
.................................................................................................
2,500..................................................................................................
5.000 .................................................................................................
7,500 ..................................................................................................

10,000
...............................................................................................
12,500 ...............................................................................................

1.10
.89
.77
.69
.57
.49
.44
.31
.25

15,000 ...............................................................................................

.22
.20
.18

20,000
...............................................................................................
25 000

.15
.14

1.08

.39
.34
.31
.28
.24

.22

1.62
1.40
1.25
.89
.72
.63
.56
.51
.44
.40

22.68
16.04
14.35
10.14
7.17
5.07
4.54
3.59
2.93
2.54
2.27
1.85
1.60
1.43

1.01
.83
.72
.64
.59
.51
.45

2.02
1.75
1.57

1.11
.90
.78
.70
.64
.55
.49

Part 2:
Delaware, the District of Columbia, and Vermont
16.19
10.24
7.24
5.12
4.58
3.24
2.29
1.62
1.45
1.14
.93

18.55
11.73
8.29
5.86
5.25
3.71
2.62
1.85

22.08
13.96
9.87
6.98
6.24
4.42
3.12

40.52
25.63
18.12
12.81
11.46

1.27

2.21
1.97

1.00
.82

1.56
1.27

1.10
.99

5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................

.71
.63
.52
.45
.40
.28
.23

4.05
3.62
2.87
2.34
2.03
1.81
1.48
1.28
1.15
.81

46.42
29.36
20.76
14.68
13.13
9.28
6.57
4.64
4.15
3.28

10,000 ...............................................................................................

.20

25 .........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
20
.......................................................................................................
25 .......................................................................................................
50.......................................................................................................

100.....................................................................................................
200
.....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................

5.67
3.58
2.53
1.79
1.60
1.13
.80
.57
.51
.40
.33

8.82
5.58
3.94
2.79
2.49
1.76
1.25

14.18
8.97
6.34
4.48
4.01
2.84

.88
.79
.62
.51

1.66
1.31
1.07

2.86
2.02
1.81
1.43
1.17

Part 3:
Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, Nevada, and Utah

2
.........................................................................................................
5 .........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20
......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................

100 ....................................................................................................
200
....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800

1,000
.................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000
.................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2.01
1.42

.81
.70
.62
.44
.36
.31

8.10
5.73

.66
.57

2.68
2.32
2.08
1.70
1.47
1.31
.93
.76

.66

2.22
1.81
1.57
1.40
.99
.81
.70

1.01
.83
.72

Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by State—Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

8.15
5.15
3.64
2.58
2.31
1.63
1.15
.81
.73
.58
.47
.41
.36

12.69

9.70
6.14
4.34
3.07
2.74
1.94
1.37
.97
.87
.69
.56
.49
.43
.35
.31
.27
.19
.16

15.10
9.55
6.75
4.78
4.27
3.02
2.14
1.51
1.35
1.07
.87
.76

11.23
7.10
5.02
3.55
3.18
2.25
1.59

17.48
11.05
7.82
5.53
4.94
3.50
2.47
1.75
1.56
1.24

20 or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 4:
Alaska, Maine, New Hampshire, and South Dakota

2
........................................................................................................
5........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20
......................................................................................................
25 ....................................... ..............................................................
50 ......................................................................................................

100 ....................................................................................................
200
....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................

1,000 .................................................................................................

8.02
5.67
4.01
3.59
2.54
1.79
1.27
1.13
.90
.73
.63
.57

23.28
14.73
10.41
7.36
6.59
4.66
3.29
2.33
2.08
1.65
1.34
1.16
1.04

26.68
16.87
11.93
8.44
7.54
5.34
3.77
2.67
2.39
1.89
1.54
1.33
1.19

28.52
18.04
12.75
9.02
8.07
5.70
4.03
2.85
2.55

1.43
1.28

1.46
1.30

27.72
17.53
12.39
8.76
7.84
5.54
3.92
2.77
2.48
1.96
1.60
1.39
1.24

31.75
20.08
14.20
10.04
8.98
6.35
4.49
3.18
2.84
2.25
1.83
1.59
1.42
1.16

34.64
21.91
15.49
10.96
9.80
6.93
4.90
3.46
3.10
2.45

2.02
1.65

29.11
18.41
13.02
9.20
8.23
5.82
4.12
2.91
2.60
2.06

1.68

Part 5:
Nebraska, New Jersey, and West Virginia

25 .........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20
......................................................................................................
25......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................

100 ....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................

250
400
600
800

....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................

1,000
.................................................................................................
1.500 .................................................................................................
2,000
.................................................................................................
2,500 ........................................................................................... .....
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................

.68
.55
.48
.43
.30
.25

1.00
.90

33.94
21.47
15.18
10.73
9.60
6.79
4.80
3.39
3.04
2.40
1.96
1.70
1.52
1.24
1.07
.96

.55
.45

.64
.52

.68
.55

.69
.57

32.08
20.29
14.35
10.14
9.07
6.42
4.54
3.21
2.87
2.27
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.17

36.75
23.24
16.44
11.62
10.40
7.35
5.20
3.68
3.29
2.60

39.29
24.85
17.57
12.42

40.10
25.36
17.93

11.11
7.86

11.34

1.01
.88
.78

2.00
1.73
1.55
1.27

1.10
.98

Part 6:
Connecticut, Iowa, Michigan, New York, Ohio, and South
Carolina

2
........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50......................................................................................................

100....................................................................................................
200
....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ......................................................................................... ..........
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................

1.12
1.00
.79

1,000
.................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000
.................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................

.65
.56
.50
.41
.36
.32

5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................

.22
.18

10,000
...............................................................................................
12,500...............................................................................................

.16
.14
.13

15,000...............................................................................................

1.01
.87
.78
.64
.55
.49
.35
.29
.25

.22
.20

1.01
.91
.64
.52
.45
.41
.37

2.12
1.84
1.64
1.34
1.16
1.04
.74
.60
.52
.46
.42

5.56
3.93
3.51
2.78
2.27
1.96
1.76
1.43
1.24

1.11
.79
.64
.56
.50
.45

12.68
8.02
5.67
4.01
3.59
2.84
2.32

2.01
1.79
1.46
1.27
1.13
.80
.65
.57
.51
.46

Part 7:
Hawaii, Idaho, Massachusetts, Montana, and North Carolina

25........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
25......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200
....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................

1,000 ................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2.000
................................................................................................
2.500 ................................................................................................
5,000 ................................................................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

9.47
5.99
4.24
3.00

2.68
1.89
1.34
.95
.85
.67
.55
.47
.42
.35
.30
.27
.19

14.75
9.33
6.60
4.66
4.17
2.95
2.09
1.47
1.32
1.04
.85
.74

27.07
17.12

.66

1.21
.99
.86
.77

.54
.47
.42
.29

174

12.10
8.56
7.66
5.41
3.83
2.71
2.42
1.91
1.56
1.35

.54

31.01
19.61
13.87
9.81
8.77

6.20
4.39
3.10
2.77
2.19
1.79
1.55
1.39
1.13
.98

.88
.62

33.15
20.97
14.82
10.48
9.38
6.63
4.69
3.31
2.96
2.34
1.91

.94

33.83
21.40
15.13
10.70
9.57
6.77
4.78
3.38
3.03
2.39
1.95
1.69
1.51
1.24
1.07
.96

.66

.68

1.66
1.48
1.21
1.05

Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by State—Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

12.72
8.04
5.69
4.02
3.60
2.54
1.80
1.27
1.14
.90
.73
.64
.57
.46
.40
.36
.25

19.80
12.52

20

50

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

36.34
22.98
16.25
11.49
10.28
7.27
5.14
3.63
3.25
2.57

41.63
26.33
18.62
13.17
11.78
8.33
5.89
4.16
3.72
2.94
2.40
2.08

44.51
28.15
19.91
14.07
12.59
8.90
6.29
4.45
3.98
3.15
2.57
2.23
1.99
1.63
1.41
1.26
.89
.73
.63

45.43
28.73
20.32
14.37
12.85
9.09
6.42
4.54
4.06
3.21
2.62
2.27
2.03

25.72
16.27
11.50
8.13
7.27
5.14
3.64
2.57
2.30
1.82
1.48
1.29

26.25
16.60
11.74
8.30
7.42
5.25
3.71
2.62
2.35

64.34
40.69
28.77
20.34
18.20
12.87
9.10
6.43
5.75
4.55
3.71
3.22

65.66
41.53
29.37
20.76
18.57
13.13
9.29
6.57
5.87
4.64
3.79
3.28
2.94
2.40
2.08

Part 8:
Arkansas, Illinois, Kansas, and Pennsylvania

5 .........................................................................................................
......................................................................................

20

.................................................................................................
1.500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2.500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................
7,500 .................................................................................................
10,000...............................................................................................
1,000

8.86

.18

6.26
5.60
3.96
2.80
1.98
1.77
1.40
1.14
.99
.89
.72
.63
.56
.40
.32
.28

7.35
4.65
3.29
2.32
2.08
1.47
1.04
.73

11.44
7.24
5.12
3.62
3.24
2.29
1.62
1.14

21.00

.66

1.02

1.88

.52
.42
.37

.81

1.48

.66

1.21

.57

1.05

18.39
11.63

28.62
18.10
12.80
9.05

52.53
33.22
23.49
16.61
14.86
10.51
7.43
5.25
4.70
3.71
3.03
2.63
2.35
1.92

60.18
38.06
26.91
19.03
17.02
12.04
8.51

1.66

1.90
1.70

.21

2.10

1.82
1.63
1.33
1.15
1.03
.73
.59
.51

1.86

1.52
1.32
1.18
.83
.68

.59

1.66

1.44
1.28
.91
.74
.64

Part 9:
North Dakota, Rhode Island, and Wyoming

............................................................................................
......................................................................................
........................................................................................

10
20

25

250
400
600
800

..................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
......................................................................................... ...........

13.28
9.39
6.64
5.94
4.20
2.97
2.10

24.06
15.21
10.76
7.61
6.80
4.81
3.40
2.41
2.15
1.70
1.39
1.20

1.86

1.52
1.31

Part 10:
Alabama, Arizona, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Oregon,
Tennessee, and Wisconsin

10
20

....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................

50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2.500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................

8.22

5.81
5.20
3.68
2.60
1.84
1.64
1.30
1.06
.92
.82
.67
.58
.52
.37

8.10

5.72
4.05
2.86

2.56
2.02

1.65
1.43
1.28
1.05
.91
.81
.57

1.49
1.05

6.02

5.38
4.26
3.47
3.01
2.69
2.20

1.20

2.88

2.35
2.03
1.82
1.29

1.86

1.31

Part 11:
Georgia, Texas, and Washington

10

........................................................................................

250
400
600
800

..................................................................................................
...................................................................................................
.................................................................................................
...................................................................................................
1,000 ................................................................................................

12,500 ............................................................................................. .


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

20.46
12.94
9.15
6.47
5.79
4.09
2.89
2.05
1.83
1.45
1.18
1.02

.92
.75
.65
.58
.41
.33
.29
.26

31.86
20.15
14.25
10.07
9.01
6.37
4.51
3.19
2.85
2.25
1.84
1.59
1.42
1.16
1.01

.90
.64
.52
.45
.40

175

58.47
36.98
26.15
18.49
16.54
11.69
8.27
5.85
5.23
4.13
3.38
2.92
2.61
2.14
1.85
1.65
1.17
.95
.83
.74

66.99
42.37
29.96
21.18
18.95
13.40
9.47
6.70
5.99
4.74
3.87
3.35
3.00
2.45
2.12

1.89
1.34
1.09
.95
.85

71.61
45.29
32.03
22.65
20.25
14.32
10.13
7.16
6.41
5.06
4.13
3.58
3.20
2.61
2.26
2.03
1.43
1.17
1.01

.91

73.09
46.22
32.69
23.11
20.67
14.62
10.34
7.31
6.54
5.17
4.22
3.65
3.27
2.67
2.31
2.07
1.46
1.19
1.03
.92

Table B-23. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for total or white
persons by State—Continued
State and
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

21.96
13.89
9.82
6.94

34.19
21.62
15.29
10.81
9.67
6.84
4.83
3.42
3.06
2.42
1.97
1.71
1.53
1.25
1.08
.97

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

71.88
45.46
32.15
22.73
20.33
14.38
10.17
7.19
6.43
5.08
4.15
3.59
3.21
2.62
2.27
2.03
1.44

76.84
48.60
34.37
24.30
21.73
15.37
10.87
7.68
6.87
5.43
4.44
3.84
3.44
2.81
2.43
2.17
1.54

78.43
49.60
35.07
24.80
22.18
15.69
11.09
7.84
7.01
5.55
4.53
3.92
3.51

Part 12:
Virginia
2....................

6.21

4.39
3.11
2.20

1.96
1.55
1.27
800 ................

1.10

2,500 .............
5,000 .............

.98
.80
.69
.62
.44


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.68

176

62.74
39.68
28.06
19.84
17.75
12.55
8.87
6.27
5.61
4.44
3.62
3.14
2.81
2.29
1.98
1.77
1.25

2.86

2.48
2.22

1.57

Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
State
Estimated rate (percent)

State and
(In thousands)

50

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

4.80
3.03
2.14
1.52

8.80
5.57
3.94
2.78

10.08
6.38
4.51
3.19

10.78
6.82
4.82
3.41

11.00

14.98
9.47
6.70
4.74
4.24
3.00

27.49
17.39
12.30
8.69
7.78
5.50
3.89
2.75
2.46
1.94
1.59
1.37
1.23

31.50
19.92
14.09
9.96
8.91
6.30
4.45
3.15
2.82
2.23
1.82
1.57
1.41
1.15

33.67
21.30
15.06
10.65
9.52
6.73
4.76
3.37
3.01
2.38
1.94

34.37
21.74
15.37
10.87
9.72
6.87
4.86
3.44
3.07
2.43
1.98
1.72
1.54
1.25

13.86
8.77

2 or 98

5 or 95

3.08
1.95
1.38
.97

9.62
6.09
4.30
3.04
2.72
1.92
1.36
.96

20

Part 1:
Alaska
.........................................................................................................
5 .........................................................................................................
10 .......................................................................................................
20 .......................................................................................................
2

6.96
4.92
3.48

Part 2:
California, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Mississippi,
Missouri, and Washington
.........................................................................................................
5 .........................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
20.......................................................................................................
25.......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2

.86
.68

2.12

1.50
1.34
1.06

.56
.48
.43
.35

.86

3.96
2.51
1.77
1.25

6.17
3.90
2.76
1.95
1.74
1.23
.87

11.32
7.16
5.06
3.58
3.20
2.26
1.60

12.97
5.80
4.10
3.67
2.59
1.83

6.20

6.11

11.21

12.84

13.73

3.86
2.73
1.93
1.73

7.09
5.01
3.54
3.17
2.24
1.59

8.12

8.68

8.86

5.74
4.06
3.63
2.57
1.82
1.28
1.15
.91

6.14
4.34
3.88
2.75
1.94
1.37
1.23
.97

6.27
4.43
3.96
2.80
1.98
1.40
1.25
.99

29.64
18.74
13.25
9.37
8.38
5.93
4.19
2.96
2.65

31.68
20.04
14.17

.75
.67
.55

1.00

1.68

1.51
1.23

Part 3:
Delaware and Montana
.........................................................................................................
5 .........................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
20.......................................................................................................
25.......................................................................................................
50.......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
2

1.12

.79
.56

8.20

14.15
8.95
6.33
4.47
4.00
2.83

4.38
3.92
2.77
1.96

2.00

Part 4:
The District of Columbia, North Dakota, South Dakota,
Vermont, and Wyoming
2.........................................................................................................

5 .........................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 .......................................................................................................
50 .......................................................................................................
100.....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................

3.92
2.48
1.75
1.24
1.11

.78
.55
.39
.35
.28

1.22

.61
.55
.43

1.12

9.05
5.73
4.05

14.09
8.91
6.30
4.46
3.99
2.82
1.99
1.41
1.26

25.87
16.36
11.57
8.18
7.32
5.17
3.66
2.59
2.31
1.83
1.49
1.29
1.16
.94

.86

1.00

.79

14.01

'

Part 5:
Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, and
Oregon
.........................................................................................................
5 .........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 .......................................................................................................
50 .......................................................................................................
100 ....................................................................................................
200 .....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ...................................................................................................
600 ...................................................................................................
800 ...................................................................................................
1,000 ................................................................................................
1,500 ................................................................................................
2


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2.86

2.56
1.81
1.28
.91
.81
.64
.52
.45
.40
.33

1.00

.81
.70
.63
.51

177

2.10

1.71
1.48
1.33
1.08

10.02

8.96
6.34
4.48
3.17
2.83
2.24
1.83
1.58
1.42
1.16

32.34
20.45
14.46
10.23
9.15
6.47
4.57
3.23
2.89
2.29
1.87
1.62
1.45
1.18

Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
State —Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

17.72

27.59
17.45
12.34
8.73
7.80
5.52
3.90
2.76
2.47
1.95
1.59
1.38
1.23

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 6:
Alabama, Georgia, and Virginia
2.................................................................................

11.21
10.....................................................................................................
20.....................................................................................................

25..................................... ...............................................................
50......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................

7.93
5.61
5.01
3.54
2.51
1.77
1.59
1.25
1.02

.89
.79
.65

50.64
32.03
22.65
16.01
14.32
10.13
7.16
5.06
4.53
3.58
2.92
2.53
2.26
1.85

58.02
36.69
25.95
18.35
16.41
11.60

22.72
14.37
10.16
7.18
6.43
4.54
3.21
2.27
2.03
1.61
1.31
1.14

41.69
26.37
18.65
13.18
11.79
8.34
5.90
4.17
3.73
2.95
2.41
2.08

51.06
32.30
22.84
16.15
14.44

1.02

1.86

47.77
30.21
21.36
15.10
13.51
9.55
6.76
4.78
4.27
3.38
2.76
2.39
2.14

19.95
12.61
8.92
6.31
5.64
3.99
2.82
1.99

21.32
13.49
9.54
6.74
6.03
4.26
3.02
2.13

21.76
13.76
9.73

17.86
11.30
7.99
5.65
5.05
3.57
2.53

19.10
12.08
8.54
6.04
5.40
3.82
2.70

19.49
12.33
8.72
6.16
5.51
3.90
2.76

22.20

23.73
15.01
10.61
7.51
6.71
4.75
3.36
2.37

24.22
15.32
10.83
7.66
6.85
4.84
3.43
2.42
2.17
1.71
1.40

1.01

8.21

5.80
5.19
4.10
3.35
2.90
2.59
2.12

62.02
39.23
27.74
19.61
17.54
12.40
8.77
6.20

5.55
4.39
3.58
3.10
2.77
2.26

63.30
40.04
28.31
20.02

17.90
12.66

8.95
6.33
5.66
4.48
3.65
3.17
2.83
2.31

Part 7:
Louisiana
.....................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
25 ..... .................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
2

1,000

.......................................................................

14.59
9.23
6.53
4.61
4.13
2.92
2.06
1.46
1.31
1.03
.84
.73
.65

10.21

7.22
5.11
4.57
3.61
2.95
2.55
2.28

52.12
32.96
23.31
16.48
14.74
10.42
7.37
5.21
4.66
3.69
3.01
2.61
2.33

Part 8:
Idaho and Massachusetts
........................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
25......................................................................................................
50......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200....................................................................................................
2

6.09
3.85
2.73
1.93
1.72

9.49

17.41

6.00

11.01

4.24
3.00
1.90
1.34
.95

7.79
5.51
4.92
3.48
2.46
1.74

5.46
3.45
2.44
1.73
1.54
1.09
.77

8.50
5.37
3.80
2.69
2.40
1.70

15.59
9.86
6.97
4.93
4.41
3.12

1.20

2.20

6.78
4.29
3.03
2.14
1.92
1.36
.96

10.56

19.38
12.26
8.67
6.13
5.48
3.88
2.74
1.94
1.73
1.37

1.22
.86

.61

2.68

6.88

6.16
4.35
3.08
2.18

Part 9:
Nebraska, Nevada, and Utah
2........................................................................................................
5........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20.... .................................................................................................

Part 10:
New Jersey and New Mexico
2

........................................................................

20......................................................................................................

25......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ...............................................................................
400 ............................................................
600 ...............................................
800 ....................................................................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.68

.61
.48
.39
.34

6.68

4.72
3.34
2.99
2.11

1.49
1.06
.94
.75
.61
.53

178

1.12

.97

14.04
9.93
7.02
6.28
4.44
3.14
2.22

1.99
1.57
1.28
1.11

2.12
1.68

1.37
1.19

1.21

Table B-24. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for black persons by
State —Continued
.
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

7.85
4.96
3.51
2.48

12.22

22.43
14.19
10.03
7.09
6.34
4.49
3.17
2.24

27.47
17.37
12.28
8.69
7.77
5.49
3.88
2.75
2.46
1.94
1.59
1.37
1.23

28.04
17.73
12.54
8.87
7.93
5.61
3.96
2.80
2.51
1.98
1.62
1.40
1.25

.82
.71

25.70
16.25
11.49
8.13
7.27
5.14
3.63
2.57
2.30
1.82
1.48
1.28
1.15
.94
.81

1.00

1.02

.87

.89

5.06
3.58
2.53
2.26

14.68
9.29
6.57
4.64
4.15

16.82
10.64
7.52
5.32
4.76

17.98
11.37
8.04
5.69
5.09

18.35
11.61

19.73
12.48
8.82
6.24
5.58
3.95
2.79
1.97
1.76
1.40
1.14
.99

36.22
22.90
16.20
11.45
10.24
7.24
5.12
3.62
3.24
2.56
2.09
1.81

41.49
26.24
18.56
13.12
11.74
8.30
5.87
4.15
3.71
2.93
2.40
2.07

44.35
28.05
19.84
14.03
12.55
8.87
6.27
4.44
3.97
3.14
2.56

45.27
28.63
20.25
14.32
12.80
9.05
6.40
4.53
4.05
3.20
2.61
2.26

17.93
11.34

32.90
20.81
14.71
10.40
9.31
6.58
4.65
3.29
2.94
2.33
1.90
1.65
1.47

37.69
23.84
16.86
11.92
7.54
5.33
3.77
3.37
2.67
2.18

40.29
25.48
18.02
12.74
11.40
8.06
5.70
4.03
3.60
2.85
2.33

1.88

2.01

1.69
1.38

1.80
1.47

20

50

Part 11:
Iowa, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and West Virginia
2........................................................................................................

5 .........................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
20 .................................................... ..................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 .......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 .....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 .....................................................................................................
600 .....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 ..................................................................................................
2,000 ..................................................................................................

2.22

1.57
1.11

.79
.70
.56
.45
.39
.35
.29
.25

7.73
5.47
3.86
3.46
2.44
1.73
1.22

1.09

2.01

.86

1.59
1.29

.71
.61
.55
.45
.39

1.12
1.00

Part 12:
Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island
.........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20.......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
2

5.14
3.25
2.30
1.62
1.45

8.00

8.21

5.80
5.19

Part 13:
Kentucky, South Carolina, and Tennessee
........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
2

12.68
8.02

5.67
4.01
3.59
2.54
1.79
1.27
1.13
.90
.73
.63

2.22

Part 14:
Arkansas, Maryland, Oklahoma, Texas, and Wisconsin
2........................................................................................................

5.........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 .......................................................................................................
25 .......................................................................................................
50 .......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ..................... L.............................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1.500 .................................................................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

11.52
7.28
5.15
3.64
3.26
2.30
1.63
1.15
1.03
.81
.66

.58
.51
.42

8.02

5.67
5.07
3.59
2.54
1.79
1.60
1.27
1.03
.90
.80
.65

179

1.20

10.66

41.13
26.01
18.39
13.00
11.63
8.23
5.82
4.11
3.68
2.91
2.37
2.06
1.84
1.50

Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by State
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
or 98

5 or 95

2.......................................................................................

4.51
2.85

10....................................................................

2.02

7.01
4.44
3.14

12.87
8.14
5.76

14.75
9.33
6.60

15.77
9.97
7.05

16.09
10.18
7.20

34.21
21.63
15.30
10.82
9.67
6.84
4.84
3.42
3.06
2.42

62.78
39.70
28.08
19.85
17.76
12.56

71.92
45.49
32.16
22.74
20.34
14.38
10.17
7.19
6.43
5.09

76.89
48.63
34.38
24.31
21.75
15.38
10.87
7.69

78.47
49.63
35.09
24.82

12.92
8.17
5.78
4.09
3.65
2.58
1.83
1.29
1.16
.91
.75
.65
.58
.47
.41
.37
.26

20.11

36.92
23.35
16.51
11.67
10.44
7.38
5.22
3.69
3.30
2.61
2.13
1.85
1.65
1.35
1.17
1.04
.74

42.29
26.75
18.91
13.37
11.96
8.46
5.98
4.23
3.78
2.99
2.44

45.21
28.59

14.85
9.39
6.64
4.70
4.20
2.97

42.44
26.84
18.98
13.42

48.62
30.75
21.74
15.38
13.75
9.72

1.49
1.33

23.12
14.62
10.34
7.31
6.54
4.62
3.27
2.31
2.07

4.61
2.91
2.06
1.46

7.17
4.54
3.21
2.27

2

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 1:
Alaska, North Dakota, and Vermont

Part 2:
Arizona and Washington
2...................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................

25......................................................................................................
50......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................

21.97
13.90
9.83
6.95
6.21

4.39
3.11
2.20

1.97
1.55

8.88

6.28
5.62
4.44

6.88

5.44

22.20

15.69
11.10

7.85
7.02
5.55

Part 3:
California, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, and Oregon
2........................................................................................

............................................;.........................................................
25......................................................................................................
50......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000.................................................................................................
1,500.................................................................................................
2.000.................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 ...............................................................................
20

12.72
9.00
6.36
5.69
4.02
2.84
2.01

1.80
1.42
1.16
1.01

.90
.73
.64
.57
.40

2.11

1.89
1.54
1.34
1.20

.85

20.22

14.30
12.79
9.04
6.39
4.52
4.04
3.20
2.61
2.26
2.02

46.14
29.18
20.64
14.59
13.05
9.23
6.53
4.61
4.13
3.26
2.66

2.31
2.06

1.65
1.43
1.28
.90

1.68

51.98
32.87
23.25
16.44
14.70
10.40
7.35
5.20
4.65

53.05
33.55
23.72
16.78
15.00
10.61
7.50
5.30
4.74

16.12

16.46
10.41
7.36
5.20

1.46
1.31
.92

Part 4:
Colorado
2

..............................................................................

25......................................................................................................
50......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................

2.10

12.00

8.49
6.00

6.88

4.24
3.80

4.86
4.35

13.16
8.33
5.89
4.16

15.08
9.54
6.74
4.77

Part 5:
Delaware and the District of Columbia
2

............................................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

180

10.20

7.21
5.10

Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by State—Continued
State and
size of population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

16.33
10.33
7.30
5.16
4.62
3.27
2.31
1.63
1.46
1.15
.94
.82
.73

29.98
18.96
13.41
9.48
8.48

34.34
21.72
15.36

1.73
1.50
1.34

9.71
6.87
4.86
3.43
3.07
2.43
1.98
1.72
1.54

36.71
23.22
16.42
11.61
10.38
7.34
5.19
3.67
3.28
2.60

11.14
7.05
4.98
3.52
3.15
2.23
1.58

20.45
12.93
9.14
6.47
5.78
4.09
2.89
2.04

23.43
14.82
10.48
7.41
6.63
4.69
3.31
2.34

25.04
15.84

22.76
14.39
10.18
7.20
6.44
4.55
3.22
2.28
2.04
1.61
1.31

26.08
16.49
8.25
7.38
5.22
3.69
2.61
2.33
1.84
1.51

27.88
17.63
12.47
8.82
7.88
5.58
3.94
2.79
2.49
1.97
1.61

28.45
17.99
12.72
9.00
8.05
5.69
4.02
2.85
2.54

29.95
18.95
13.40
9.47
8.47
5.99
4.24
3.00

32.02
20.25
14.32
10.13
9.06
6.40
4.53
3.20

32.68
20.67
14.62
10.34
9.24
6.54
4.62
3.27
2.92
2.31
1.89
1.63
1.46
1.19

38.96
24.64
17.42
12.32

2 or 98

5 or 95

10.49
6.64
4.69
3.32
2.97

20

50

Part 6:
Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland,
and Ohio

5 .........................................................................................................
10.......................................................................................................
25 .......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................

200

1,000

.................................................................................................

2.10

1.48
1.05
.94
.74
.61
.52
.47

6.00

4.24
3.00
2.68
2.12

10.86

2.12

1.84
1.64

37.47
23.70
16.76
11.85
10.60
7.49
5.30
3.75
3.35
2.65
2.16
1.87
1.68

Part 7:
Idaho, Massachusetts, Nevada, North Carolina, and West
Virginia
2.........................................................................................................

5.........................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................

7.16
4.53
3.20
2.26
2.02

1.43
100....................................................................................................

1.01

....................................................................................................

.72

200

1.11

11.20

7.92
7.08
5.01
3.54
2.50

25.56
16.17
11.43
8.08
7.23
5.11
3.61
2.56

Part 8:
Arkansas, Mississippi, New Jersey, and New Mexico
2

........................................................................................................

20.......................................................................................................

25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................

7.97
5.04
3.56
2.52
2.25
1.59
1.13
.80
.71
.56
.46

12.40
7.84
5.55
3.92
3.51
2.48
1.75
1.24

9.15
5.79
4.09
2.89
2.59
1.83
1.29
.92
.82
.65
.53
.46
.41
.33

14.25
9.01
6.37
4.51
4.03
2.85

.82
.71
.64
.52

26.15
16.54
11.69
8.27
7.40
5.23
3.70
2.61
2.34
1.85
1.51
1.31
1.17
.95

11.90
7.53
5.32
3.76
3.37
2.38

18.53
11.72
8.29
5.86
5.24
3.71
2.62

34.01
21.51
15.21
10.75
9.62
6.80
4.81

1.11
.88

.72

11.66

2.01

1.64

Part 9:
Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and
Utah
2........................................................................................................

5........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20 ......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50 ......................................................................................................
100....................................................................................................
200 ....................................................................................................
250 ....................................................................................................
400 ....................................................................................................
600 ....................................................................................................
800 ....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................

2.01

1.42
1.27
1.01

2.68

2.86

2.12

2.26
1.85
1.60
1.43
1.17

1.73
1.50
1.34
1.09

Part 10:
Alabama, Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
Oklahoma, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wisconsin
2........................................................................................................

5.......................................................................................................
10.....................................................................................................
20.....................................................................................................
25.....................................................................................................
50.....................................................................................................
100...................................................................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

1.68

181

11.02

7.79
5.51

41.65
26.34
18.63
13.17
11.78
8.33
5.89

42.51
26.88
19.01
13.44
12.02

8.50
6.01

Table B-25. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of civilian labor force participation rates for persons of
Hispanic origin by State—Continued
State and
size ot population
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2 or 98

5 or 95

6.03
3.82
.2.70
1.91

9.39
5.94
4.20
2.97

17.24
10.91
7.71
5.45

19.75
12.49
8.83
6.25

21.12

18.60
11.76
8.32
5.88
5.26
3.72
2.63

53.13
33.60
23.76
16.80
15.03
10.63
7.51
5.31
4.75
3.76
3.07

60.87
38.50
27.22
19.25
17.22
12.17
8.61
6.09
5.44
4.30
3.51
3.04
2.72

.59
.53
.37

28.95
18.31
12.95
9.15
8.19
5.79
4.09
2.89
2.59
2.05
1.67
1.45
1.29
1.06
.92
.82
.58

65.07
41.16
29.10
20.58
18.41
13.01
9.20
6.51
5.82
4.60
3.76
3.25
2.91
2.38
2.06
1.84
1.30

5.36
3.39
2.40
1.69

8.34
5.28
3.73
2.64

15.31
9.68
6.85
4.84

20

or 80

30 or 70

40 or 60

50

Part 11:
Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and South
Dakota
........................................................................................................
5 ........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
2

13.36
9.44
6.68

21.55
13.63
9.64
6.82

Part 12:
Texas

5 ........................................................................................................
10......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................
25 ......................................................................................................
50......................................................................................................

1.86

250
400
600
800

....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
1,000 .................................................................................................
1,500 .................................................................................................
2,000 .................................................................................................
2,500 .................................................................................................
5,000 .................................................................................................

1.66

1.31
1.07
.93
.83
.68

2.66

2.38
1.94
1.68

1.50
1.06

2.22

1.92
1.72
1.22

66.41
42.00
29.70
21.00

18.78
13.28
9.39
6.64
5.94
4.70
3.83
3.32
2.97
2.43
2.10
1.88

1.33

Part 13:
Montana and Wyoming
2........................................................................................................

5 ........................................................................................................
10 ......................................................................................................
20......................................................................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

182

17.54
11.09
7.84
5.55

18.75

19.14

11.86

12.10

8.39
5.93

8.56
6.05

Table B-26. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed total or white persons
by selected metropolitan areas and cities
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Area

50

25

20

10

5

2

100

200

250

400

-

-

-

Metropolitan areas:’

2

3

1

2

1

2

3

5

2

3
3
3
3

1

2

2

3
3

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

2
2

Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA ..................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill.................
Chicago PMSA.........................................
Cincinnati PMSA.......................................
Cleveland PMSA......................................

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

2

2

2

2

1

2

1

2

2

3

1

2

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA
............................................
Houston PMSA.........................................

2

2

2

3

2

3

6

1

2

2
2

3
3

4
3
4
4

1

2

2

2

2

3
3
3
3
3

1

2

4
4
4
4
4
3
4

2
1

2

2
2

3
3

1

2

2

3

1

2

1

2

2
2

3
3

1

2

1

2

2

3

2

2

2
2
2

2

3

2

3

2

2

1

2

2

3

1

2

7
7

10

13
14

6

8

11

4
4
5
4
5
5
5
5

6

9

10

-

-

“

15

17

21

12

17

-

“
”

~

11
10

5

7
7
7
9
7

6

8

11

5

7

10

13

5

7

_

-

-

-

12

17

-

-

10

6

_
9
9

6

8

5

7

6

8

6

8

_

5
6
6

6

8

7
8

6

.

~

-

6

6

6

1

2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......

5
4
4
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4

2

2

Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA ......................................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA..........

6

4
4
4
4
3
4
4
3
4
4
3
4
3
3
4
4
3
3
4
3
3

2

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News .

6

4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
3
4
3

3
3
3

2

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA....................
Atlanta.......................................................

5

5

6

6

-

-

-

16

20

10

15

-

16

20

-

7
9
9
7
9
7

10

10

"
14

6

9

-

~

“

-

”
~
~

12
12

-

12

"
“

”
~

”
-

5
4

5
4

6

6

6

7
5
5

9
9
7
7

6

8

11

5
5

8

11

14

-

-

*
-

3
7
5
7

5
9

_
13

-

-

-

-

-

6

8

-

5
3
5

12

_-

”
"

4

5

6

8

6

7
7
7
7
5

9
9
9
9
7

13

-

6

8

6

8

5
5

8

7

6

8

5
6

7
9

6

8

5
5
5
5

5

5
6

6
6
6

5
5

13
-

14

10

8

9

_

“

“
“

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

15

-

9

~
-

12

16

_
-

10

-

-

14

13
10
11

Cities:

2

3
3

1

2

2

Houston...................................................
.
New York ................................................ .
Philadelphia............................................. .
.
.
.
.

2.
1
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
2
2

3
3
3
3
3

5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

4
3
3
4
3
4
4
3
4
3
3
4
4
4
4
4

6
6

1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

183

5

7

6

8

5
5

7
7

6

8

6

8

7
7

9
9

-

11

-

-

“
14

”
16

-

“
“

-

10

_

“
-

“
“

(PMSA’s). „ The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary
Definitions".

Table B-27. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed black persons by
selected metropolitan areas and cities
(In thousands)

Area
2

5

10

20

_
5
4

25

50

.
7

7

10

6

6

9

_
_

_
_

_
_

3
4
4
3
3
4

4
5
5
5

100

200

Metropolitan areas:’
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA.............
Atlanta ................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA....................................

2

_
3
3

2
2
1

2

1

2

2

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........
Chicago PMSA.................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland PMSA..............................
Columbus, Ohio................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA ....................
Detroit PMSA.....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA ................
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA ...............................................
Houston PMSA.................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas City........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA.............................
Minneapolis-St. Paul........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA ........ ,...........
New Orleans.....................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA ..................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News.................................................
Oakland PMSA.................................
Oklahoma City..................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Portland, Ore. PMSA.......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA ...............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento........................................
St. Louis.............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio......................................
San Diego .........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose PMSA...............................
Seattle PMSA...................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C.................................

1

2

2
2

3
3

2

2

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

3

1

2

2

2

2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2

2

3
3

2

2

2

3

2

2

1

2

2

3
3

2

8

_
5

8

6

6

9

4
3

_
5
5

_
_
5

3

_

_

_
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
4
4

_
6

6

6

_
_
6

_
6

_
6

5
6

_
_

_
4
3
3

6

5
4

3
3
3

_
4

_
5

_

_

_
3

_
_
_
4
4

2

1
2
2

2

2

3
3

2

1
2
2
2
2

_

3
3
3
_

2

3

2

2

2

3

6

_
_

13

_

9

9
8

11

15

-

-

_

_
_

2

_
9

_

_
_
6

2

10

8

_
7
5

_
5

2

_
7

_

6
6

16

6

4
4
4
3

2

11

•

_

_

5
5

2

2

.

6

_

_

7

_
8

6

_
_
_

4
4

_

_

6

8

_

_
4
3
4

6

5
5

Cities:

Baltimore............................................
Chicago..............................................
Cleve'and ...........................................
Dallas..................................................
Detroit.................................................
Houston..............................................
Indianapolis........................................
Los Angeles.......................................
Milwaukee ..........................................
New York ...........................................
Philadelphia.......................................
Phoenix...............................................
St. Louis.............................................
San Antonio.......................................
San Diego..........................................
San Francisco ...................................

2
2

3
3

2

2

2

3

1

2

2

3
3

2
2

2

2

3

2

2

2

3

2
2
2
2
2

_

3
_

3
3

4
4
3
4
3
4
4
4
4
3
4

6

6

6

5

5

6

6

6

8

11

7
9

10

8

11

-

-

16

5

6

5
6

5
5

_
4

6
6

5

'

6

6

_
4

_
-

“

1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA's) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5
5
5

184

-

-

(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary
Definitions”.

Table B-28. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated numbers of unemployed persons of Hispanic
origin by selected metropolitan areas and cities
(In thousands)
Area

100

200

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_
9

_
-

_
16

50

10

20

25

3

4

6

7

1

-2

1

2

2

2

4

5

6

8

3

4

6

2

3

4

1

2

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

_

_

3

4

6

6

2

4

5

2

3

-

2

5

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............
Atlanta ................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA..........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill .........
Chicago PMSA ..................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland PMSA...............................
Columbus, Ohio................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA....................
Detroit PMSA.....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA ................
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA ...............................................
Houston PMSA..................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas City........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis.............................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA .............................
Minneapolis-St. Paul........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.....................
New Orleans......................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA...................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News.................................................
Oakland PMSA.................................
Oklahoma City...................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Portland, Ore. PMSA .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA ...............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento........................................
St. Louis .............................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio.......................................
San Diego ..........................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose PMSA...............................
Seattle PMSA....................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C..................................

2
2
2

1

3

2
2

-

2

2
2
2
2

2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2

-

2

2

1

2

2
2
2

11

5

5

8

3

5

5

-

8

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

.

3

4

6

-

5
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

2

2

3

4

-

-

2

1
2
2

_

.

3

4

6

-

4

-6

2

3

2

2

1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

-

8

2

2

-

6

3
3
3
3
2

“

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

4
4
4

5

6

8

6

-

-

-

4
4
4
4

6

-

6

-

6
-

Cities:
Baltimore...........................................
Chicago .............................................
Cleveland ...........................................
Dallas............................................ —
Detroit.................................................
Houston.............................................

2
2

3

2

2

2

3
3

1
2
2

Los Angeles......................................

2
2
2

6

_
2

_

_

_
8

-

5

_
6

-

4

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

3

5

5

7

—
11

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

2
2

3

2
2
2

San Francisco .................................

2

3
3
3

6

4
4

-

1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary
Definitions".

185

Table B-29. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for total or
white persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities
(In thousands)
Estimated level
10

5

20

25

50

100

200

250

400

600

800

22

26
28
23
15
16
17

29
32

31
34
27
13

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

5,000

-

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA............
Atlanta ..............................................

3

10
8
6

Bergen-Passaic PMSA ...................
Boston PMSA............................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA.........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill........
Chicago PMSA................................
Cincinnati PMSA ...................
Cleveland PMSA ...............
Columbus, Ohio...............................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ...............

2

12

9

2

12

3

6

2

8

11

14

3

3
3
3
3

6

8
8

15
15

6
8

TI

9
3
3

Denver-Boulder CMSA ............
Detroit PMSA...............................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA ................
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA .........................................
Houston PMSA.................................

6

14

9

3

8

6

3

11

9
9
9

6
6

Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...

3

4

6

5

8

12

6
6

Miami-Hialeah PMSA.....................
Milwaukee PMSA ..................
Minneapolis-St. Paul......................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA....................

3

6

8

6

3
3

16
16
15

9

6
6

19
15

8

6

New York PMSA ...................
Newark PMSA................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport

2

8

2

9
6

Oakland PMSA..............................
Oklahoma City................................
Philadelphia PMSA .....................
Phoenix......................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Portland, Ore. PMSA......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA......................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Sacramento.... s......................
St. Louis...................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden ......................
San Antonio..................................
San Francisco PMSA ......................
San Jose PMSA.....................
Seattle PMSA.....................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..
Washington D.C...........................

3
6

3

6

6

9

5

6

8

6

8

4

5

3

7

7

10

12

14

6

2

6

3

3
3

4

5

6

8

18

21

“20

17
29

14
32

~
34

“

-21

26

28

31

31

28
'

“

31
16

“
33

32

25

15
34
“
“

-

-

-

-

39
~
19
24

43
41

39
38

'

45
44
”

35

33

-

_

_

14
18
16

21

23

20

15

17

16

16

18
25

16
29

18
18
18
16
17
16
19

21
20

21

20

22

27

16
19
19

15

31
~

25

17
19
17
14

20

19

21

22

28
24

19
29
25

29
26

~
29
19

32
17

38

29

27
“
31
23
25

-

21

21

22

22

22

17

26
18

21

20

25
16

28

22

26
24
24
17

22
21

18

10

11

21

25
15

27

14
20

22

22

20

23

27

11

11

11

18

21

20

19

21

25
24
24
25
19
23

28
26
24
27

21

11

30

21

10

19
19
15

35

31
16

16
17
16
15

10

6

41

10

27
19

15
18
19
17
16

9

19
38

12

21

19
14
19
18

“21
~
34

41

23
18
19
18
25
15

18
19
8

3
3
3

15
13

20

-

-12

31
18

12

20

6

16
18
17

21

30
35
26

18
16
16
16
20

8
6

23
19
14
13
15

21
21

16 '

6

22

27

20

29
25
25

3

34

_

19

12

'

27

24

16
28

28

~
29
26

“
27

22

22

27

26

22

21

30

31

“

~
~

-21

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

~
33

29

20

-

"
-

Cities:
Baltimore.............................
Chicago..............................................

3

4

5

6

8

12

16

15
18

Detroit............................
6

Indianapolis.....................................

13

3

12

6
New York .........................
Philadelphia..............................

17
16
16
14
15
15

2

3

9

12

6
6

19
16
17
15
17
17
16

14
25

27

28

26

18
15

~
15

22

24

23

18

“
25

~
27

29

29

25

“

29
19

32

37

“
~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
10
21

19
17

12

20

13

12
6

San Francisco ..................................

3

5

6

7

10

18
17

13

17
20

17

~
15
5

:

_

-

-

-

-

-

40

41

-

-

-

-

-

25
-

.

(PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary
Definitions”.

Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

17
19
18

:

22

186

Table B-30. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for black
persons by selected metropolitan areas and cities
(In thousands)
Estimated level
Area

200

250

400

8

11

15

9

12

16
13

20

6

13

16

14

17

-

50

25

20

10

5

100

600

800

1,000

19

“

“
“
"
“
”
“
'

Metropolitan areas:1
Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA.............
Atlanta ................................................
Baltimore............................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA ....................
Boston PMSA....................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA...........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill.........
Chicago PMSA..................................
Cincinnati PMSA ..............................
Cleveland PMSA ..............................
Columbus, Ohio.................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA ................
Dayton-Springfield............................
Denver-Boulder CMSA....................
Detroit PMSA.....................................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA................
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA ...............................................
Houston PMSA..................................
Indianapolis........................................
Kansas City........................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA ...
Louisville.............................................
Memphis..................... ........................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA.......................
Milwaukee PMSA..............................
Minneapolis-St. Paul........................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA.....................
New Orleans......................................
New York PMSA ..............................
Newark PMSA...................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News.................................................
Oakland PMSA..................................
Oklahoma City...................................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........................
Phoenix...............................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA....
Portland, Ore. PMSA .......................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA ...............................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA ...
Rochester...........................................
Sacramento........................................

2

2

3
3
3

2

2

2

1

2

2

2

1

2

2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2

2

2

5
4
3
3
4
3
4
4
4
4
5
4
4

5

7

4

4

5

7

-

4
5
5
4
4

6

7
7

_
9
9

_
13

6

8

11

6

8

11

9

11

5
5
4
5
4
3

7
7

9

6

8

7
5
5

9
7

5
5
4
4

7
7

9
10

14

6

8

11

6

_

-

4

5
4
5
4

2

2

2

2

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3

2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
5
4
4
4
4
4

1

2

2

2

3

5
4
5
5

2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

6

12

6

8

6

8

6

8

5
7
5

8

6

8

10
13

9

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

14

17

-

21

“
"
“
“
"
”
“
23

13

16

12

15

9

-

-

~

-

“

12

13

15

-

-

12
-

-

~
~
“

-

-

”

_

_

12

_
13

16

19

“

6

9
8

12

15

17

10

10

12

13

-

15

18

6

-

6

-

-

10

8

12

-

11

8

6

8

7
5
7

2

2
2

3
3

1

2

-

-

2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
5
5
5
4
4
4

5
5
5
5
5
4
4

6

6

9

12

3
3

4
4
3
4
3
4
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
4
5
5

4
4
4
5
4
5
5

6

8

10

6

8

11

6

7
9
7
9
9

8

6

8

5
4
4

6

8

5

8

11

12

6

8

11

12

5

6

-8

5
5

7
7

-

2
2
2
2

-

2

2

~
22

-

11

10

r

18

6

5

8

-

6

16

5
3
5
4

2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.

5
5
4
3
3
4
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3

6

_
7
7
7

10

~
~

”
-

-

-

-

-

”
“
-

-

Cities:
2
2
2

Houston.............................................
Indianapolis.......................................

3

2

2

2

3
3
3
3

2
2
2

.
.
.
.
San Diego........................................ .
San Francisco................................. .

2

2

2

2

2

3
3
3
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2

1 All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA’s) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5
6

5
7

11

9

11

-

-

"

~

-

.

_

20

“
“
-

22

“
-

“
'

_

-

(PMSA's). The differences are discussed in appendix C, “Geographic Boundary
Definitions”.

187

Table B-31. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated labor force and employment numbers for persons
of Hispanic origin by selected metropolitan areas and cities
(In thousands)
Estimated level

Area
10

5

20

25

100

50

200

250

400

600

800

1,000

1,500

_

Metropolitan areas:1

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA ............
Atlanta................................
Baltimore..........................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA................
Boston PMSA...................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA...........
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........
Chicago PMSA.................................
Cincinnati PMSA...............................
Cleveland PMSA...............................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA .................
Denver-Boulder CMSA.....................
Detroit PMSA.........................
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach PMSA......
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown
CMSA.........................................
Houston PMSA................
Indianapolis................................
Kansas City................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA....
Miami-Hialeah PMSA................
Milwaukee PMSA...........
Minneapolis-St. Paul................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA...................
New Orleans.............................
New York PMSA......................
Newark PMSA...................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport
News ...........................
Oakland PMSA...............
Oklahoma City.........................
Philadelphia PMSA ..........
Phoenix ............................
Portland, Ore. PMSA..........
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA.....................................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA....
Rochester ..................................
Sacramento .......................
St. Louis........................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden........................
San Antonio..................
San Diego...................
San Francisco PMSA........................
San Jose PMSA.....................
Seattle PMSA..........................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater....
Washington D.C...................................

3

2

3

4

6

8

6

9
-

4

6

5

2

-

2
2

-8

2

3

4

2

3

2

3
3

5
5

3
3
3
3
4
3
4
3
3

5
4
4

2

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

11

7

2

18
-

-

2

2

16
-

~
-10

7

2

12

-8

10

“

-

5

8

2
2
2

3
2

3
2
2

3
3

4
4
3
3
3
3

2
2
2
2

1

2

3

4

2

4
3

2

2

2

3
4
4
4
4
3
3

5
5

5
4
5
4
4

5

-

_
~

5
4
4
5
4

5
5

-

3
3
3
3
2
2

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
_

-

_

17

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

17

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

13

_

12

15
13

18
16

22

_
28

18

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

13

14
“

18

21

24

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

9
8

12

-

10

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

_
_
_

5
5
5
3
5
5
5
5

6

-8

-11

14
16
16
16

8

-10

6

8

12

6

8

12

8

12

-

9

10

25

14

-

7

_
-

-

6

6

-

15

12

5
5

_

-

-

-8

4
5

_

-

-

6

5

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

_

”

3
5

-

-

-

16

2

3

_

-

_20

9

7
7

_

-

-

8

-

_

7

6

19
-

-

-

-

15
-

-

9
9

_
_

14

-

6

5
4

_

7

_

11

2
2

-

15
“

6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

15

17

_

_

_

_

”

_
_
_

_

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
_
_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_
-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

“

_
-

32

_

_

_

_

Cities:

Baltimore......................
Chicago....................................
Cleveland.............................
Dallas....................................
Detroit.........................
Houston....................................
Indianapolis............................
Los Angeles..................................
Milwaukee................................
New York ............................
Philadelphia ................................
Phoenix .......................................
St. Louis.............................................
San Antonio...........................
San Diego...........................
San Francisco..................................

2

3
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2

4

5

7

5

5

8

5

8

5

AI1


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

-

11

2
2

3

4

5

7

4
4
5

5

6

2
2
2
2

3
3
3

2
2

3
3

3
4

4

5
5
5

-

9

13

9

13

7

-10
-10

5

8

6

8

11

6

8

11

are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA's) except those labeled Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA’s) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas
1

13
14

10

_

3

10

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

14

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

18

-

_

_

20

_

_

-

_

-

-

14

18

_
21

_
24

_

13

-

-

_

_

14

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

“

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

»

(PMSA's). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic Boundary
Definitions”.

188

Index to tables B-32 to B-37 of sampling errors for rates by metropolitan area and city
(for the District of Columbia, see State tables)
Table
B-32

B-33

B-34

B-35

B-36

B-37

Metropolitan areas'

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part:

Part.

Anaheim-Santa Ana PMSA...................................................
Atlanta.............................................................................................
Baltimore........................................................................................
Bergen-Passaic PMSA.............................................................
Boston.............................................................................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls CMSA .................................................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill.................................................
Chicago PMSA............................................................................
Cincinnati PMSA.........................................................................
Cleveland PMSA.........................................................................
Columbus, Ohio.........................................................................
Dallas-Fort Worth CMSA........................................................
Dayton-Springfield....................................................................
Denver-Boulder CMSA.............................................................
Detroit PMSA ..............................................................................
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach PMSA . .
Hartford-New Britain-Middletown CMSA...........................
Houston PMSA............................................................................
Indianapolis...................................................................................
Kansas City...................................................................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach PMSA..........................................
Louisville........................................................................................
Memphis........................................................................................
Miami-Hialeah PMSA...............................................................
Milwaukee PMSA.......................................................................
Minneapolis-St. Paul..................................................................
Nassau-Suffolk PMSA .............................................................
New Orleans.................................................................................
New York PMSA.........................................................................
Newark PMSA..............................................................................
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News.............................
Oakland PMSA............................................................................
Oklahoma City ............................................................................
Philadelphia PMSA....................................................................
Phoenix..........................................................................................
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA..........................................
Portland, Ore. PMSA .............................................................
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River CMSA........................
Riverside-San Bernardino PMSA.......................................
Rochester ...................................................................................
Sacramento.................................................................................
St. Louis .....................................................................................
Salt Lake City-Ogden.............................................................
San Antonio ..............................................................................
San Diego...................................................................................
San Francisco PMSA.............................................................
San Jose PMSA.......................................................................
Seattle PMSA ............................................................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.....................................
Washington, DC.......................................................................

6
1

5

1
2

1

5

1

2

1

2

4
5

7
3

4

7
3

2

2

3

4

6

4

2

2

3

2

3
3
3
3
4
3
4
5
3
4
4
4
4
3
4
4
3
4

4
4
4
4
7
4
7
3
4
7
7
7
7
4
7
7
4
7
5
4
5
4
3
5
5
4
4
7
4
4
6
5
4
5
7

3
5
3
5
5
5
5
4
5
4

4
5
3

6

6
6

4
4
4
4
7
4
7
3
4
7
7
7
7
4
7
7
4
7
5
4
5
4
3
5
5
4
4
7
4
4

7
3
4
5
4
5
5
5
5
7
5
7
3
5
7
7
7
7
5
7
7
5
7

7

6

6

1

5
4
5
7

1
5

6

6

7
5
5
5
5
4
7

7

7
4
4
7
3
7
7
4
7
4
4
7
5
7
5
5

4C nai-'>icn-'J--JC O '-~JC ncn^j

Area

1

6
3

6
3
5

6
6
3
3
4
3
3
7
6

3

6
4
7
4

6
6
6

6
3
4

6

6
7
5
5
5
5
4
7

2

6

6
6

4
6

4
5

6

6

5
4
4
4
4
5
4
4
5
4

4
4
4
4

6
4
4

6
4

1

1

5

6

1

1

5

6

6
1

5

1
1
6
6

1
5
5
4
5
5
7
1
5

4

6

1
4
7
4

1
4
7
4

1

1
1

1
1

1

1
5
4

1
6
4

.

1
5

1
5
3

1
1
5
5
7
5
5

1
7

1

1
1
1
5

Baltimore ....
Chicago..........
Cleveland . . .
Dallas ............
Detroit............
Houston..........
Indianapolis. .
Los Angeles .
Milwaukee . ..
New York . . .
Philadelphia. .
Phoenix..........
St. Louis ....
San Antonio .
San Diego .. .
San Francisco

4
3
3
4
5
4
4
3
4
3
3
4

6
4

6
6

7
4
4
7
3
7
7
4
7
4
4
7
5
7
5
5

6
4
4
5
4
5
5
4

4

6
6
4
5
4
4

6
4

6

6
4

1

1

4
1

4

1

1
1

1
7

1
1

Areas (PMSA’s). The differences are discussed in appendix C, "Geographic
Boundary Definitions.”

' All are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA's) except those labeled Consoli­
dated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSA's) or Primary Metropolitan Statistical


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4
5
5
4

—

Cities

189

Table B-32. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons bv
selected metropolitan areas and cities
1
Area and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 1:
Atlanta MSA

2...

5......
10 ....
20 ....
25 ....
50 ....
100 ..
200

9.99
6.32
4.47
3.16
2 83
2.00

14.04
8.88

4.44
3.97
2.81

19.62
12.41
8.77

23.72
15.00

27.03
17.10

6.20

7.50
6.71
4.74

8.55
7.65
5.41

2.37

2.71
2.42
1.91
1.56
1.36

5.55
3.92

1.41

..

1.00

250 ..
400 ..
600 ..
800 ..
1,000
1,500

.89
.58
.50
.45
.37

1.40
1.26
.99
.81
.70
.63
.51

1.96
1.76
1.39
1.13
.98

7.94
5.02
3.55
2.51
2.25
1.59

11.09
7.01
4.96
3.51
3.14

13.41
8.48

2.22

2.68

1.12

1.57

.79
.71
.56
.46
.40
.36
.29
.25

1.11

1.90
1.34

2.12
1.68

1.37
1.19
1.06
.87

.88

.72

1.21

29.82
18.86
13.34
9.43
8.44
5.97
4.22
2.99
2.67
2.11

1.73
1.50
1.34

.99

1.10

15.28
9.66
6.83
4.83
4.32
3.06
2.16
1.53
1.37
1.08

16.85

35.25
22.30
15.77
11.15
9.97
7.05
4.99
3.53
3.16
2.50
2.05
1.78
1.59
1.30

39.19
24.79
17.53
12.40
11.09
7.84
5.55
3.93
3.52
2.79
2.28
1.98
1.78
1.46

42.05
26.60
18.81
13.30
11.90
8.42
5.96
4.22
3.78
2.99
2.45
2.13
1.91
1.58

19.92
12.60
8.91
6.30
5.64
3.99
2.82

22.15
14.01
9.91
7.01
6.27
4.43
3.14

2.00

2.22

1.79
1.41
1.16

1.99
1.57
1.29

23.76
15.03
10.63
7.52
6.72
4.76
3.37
2.38
2.13
1.69
1.39

1.00

1.12

1.20

.90
.74
.64

1.00

1.08
.89
.78

Part 2:
Boston PMSA and CharlotteGastonia-Rock Hill MSA

2....

5......
10 ....
20

5.65
3.57
2.53

....

25 ....
50 ....
100
200

..

250
400
600
800

..
..
..
..

..

1,000

1,500
2,000

1.60
1.13
.80
.56
.51
.40
.33
.28
.25
.21

.18

6.00

4.24
3.79

.99
.78
.64
.56
.50
.41
.35

1.20

.95
.78
.67
.60
.49
.43

.88

.77
.69
.56
.49

10.66

7.54
5.33
4.77
3.37
2.38
1.69
1.51
1.19
.98
.85
.76
.62
.54

.82
.72

Part 3:
Buffalo-Niagara Falls and
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA’s,
Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland,
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach, Los AngelesLong Beach, Miami-Hialeah,
Nassau-Suffolk, New York,
Philadelphia, and Portland, Ore.
PMSA’s, Columbus, Ohio,
Dayton-Springfield, Oklahoma City,
Rochester, and Tampa-St.
Petersburg-Clearwater MSA’s, and
Chicago, Cleveland, Los Angeles,
New York, and Philadelphia cities

2...

7.69

5......

10 ....
20 ....
25 ....
50 ....
100
200 ..
250 ..
400 ..
600 .
800 ..

2.43
2.18
1.54
1.09

1,000

.34
.28
.24

1.500
2,000
2.500
5,000


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.69
.54
.44

.22

.15

10.81
6.84
4.84
3.42
3.06
2.16
1.53
1.08
.97
.76
.62
.54
.48
.40
.34
.31
.22

15.10
9.55
6.75
4.78
4.27
3.02
2.14
1.51
1.35
1.07
.87
.76
.68

.55
.48
.43
.30

18.26
11.55
8.17
5.77
5.17
3.65
2.58
1.83
1.63
1.29
1.06
.91
.82
.67
.58
.52
.37

190

20.01

13.16
9.31
6.58
5.89
4.16
2.94
2.08
1.86

1.47
1.20

1.04
.93
.76
.66

.59
.42

22.96
14.52
10.27
7.26
6.49
4.59
3.25
2.30
2.05
1.62
1.33
1.15
1.03
.84
.73
.65
.46

27.14
17.17
12.14
8.58
7.68
5.43
3.84
2.72
2.43
1.92
1.57
1.36

30.17
19.08
13.49
9.54
8.53
6.04
4.27
3.02
2.70
2.14
1.75
1.52
1.36

32.37
20.47
14.48
10.24
9.16
6.48
4.58
3.24
2.90
2.30

1.00

1.11

1.20

.86

.96
.87
.62

1.04
93
.67

1.22

.78
.55

1.88

1 63

Table B-32. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total or white persons by
selected metropolitan areas and cities —Continued
Area and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2

1

8

6

4

10

15

20

25

25.74
16.28
11.51
8.14
7.28
5.15
3.64
2.58
2.31
1.82
1.49
1.29
1.16
.95
.82
.74

30.44
19.25
13.61
9.63
8.61
6.09
4.31
3.05
2.73
2.16
1.76
1.53
1.37

33.83
21.40
15.13
10.70
9.57
6.77
4.79
3.39
3.03
2.40
1.96
1.70
1.53
1.25
1.09
.98

36.30
22.96
16.24
11.48
10.27
7.27
5.14
3.64
3.26
2.58

20.38
12.89
9.11
6.45
5.77
4.08

26.78
16.94
11.98
8.47
7.58
5.36
3.79

28.74
18.18
12.85
9.09
8.13
5.75
4.07

2.04
1.82
1.44
1.18

24.09
15.24
10.78
7.62
6.82
4.82
3.41
2.41
2.16
1.71
1.40

2.68

2.88

1.02

1.21

2.40
1.90
1.55
1.35

.91
.75
.65
.58

1.08
.89
.77
.69

1.21

2.58
2.04
1.67
1.45
1.30
1.07
.93
.83

28.26
17.87
12.64
8.94
7.99
5.65
4.00
2.83
2.53

33.41
21.13
14.94
10.57
9.45
6.69
4.73
3.35
3.00
2.37
1.94
1.69
1.51
1.24

37.14
23.49
16.61
11.75
10.51
7.43
5.26
3.73
3.34
2.64
2.17

Part 4:
Dallas-Fort Worth, Denver-Boulder,
and Hartford-New BritainMiddletown CMSA’s, Houston and
Milwaukee PMSA’s, Baltimore,
Indianapolis, Kansas City,
Louisville, Memphis, Phoenix, St.
Louis, San Antonio, and
Washington, D.C. MSA’s, and
Baltimore, Dallas, Houston,
Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Phoenix,
and San Antonio cities

10 .........................................................
.........................................................
25 ..........................................................
20

.86

1.21

.77
.61
.50
.43
.39
.32
.27
.24

1.08

16.94
10.71
7.57
5.36
4.79
3.39
2.40
1.69
1.52

.86

1.20

.70
.61
.54
.44
.38
.34

.98
.85
.76
.62
.54
.48

6.83
4.32
3.05
2.16
1.93
1.37
.97

9.60
6.07
4.29
3.04
2.72
1.92
1.36
.96

13.41
8.48

.86

1.20

.68

.95
.77
.67
.60
.49
.43
.38

8.63
5.46
3.86
2.73
2.44
1.73
1.22

....................................................
1.500 ....................................................
2,000 ....................................................
2.500 ....................................................
1,000

12.13
7.67
5.42
3.83
3.43
2.43
1.71

20.48
12.95
9.16
6.48
5.79
4.10
2.90
2.05
1.83
1.45
1.18
1.03
.92
.75
.65
.58

23.34
14.76
10.44
7.38
6.60
4.67
3.30
2.34
2.09
1.65
1.35
1.17
1.05
.86

.74
.67

1.12

.98
.88

2.11

1.83
1.65
1.35
1.18
1.06

Part 5:
Bergen-Passaic, Detroit, and
Newark PMSA’s, and Detroit city

.68

800

....................................
1,000 ...................................................
1,500 ...................................................
2,000 ...................................................

.61
.48
.39
.34
.31
.25
.22

.19

.55
.48
.43
.35
.30
.27

6.00

4.24
3.79
2.68

1.90
1.34

16.21
10.25
7.25
5.13
4.59
3.24
2.29
1.62
1.45
1.15
.94
.81
.73
.59
.51
.46

18.48
11.69
8.26
5.84
5.23
3.70
2.61
1.85
1.65
1.31
1.07
.93
.83
.68

.59
.53

2.88

.99
.86

.77

Part 6:
Anaheim-Santa Ana, Oakland,
Riverside-San Bernardino, San
Francisco, San Jose, and Seattle
PMSA's, Minneapolis-St. Paul, New
Orleans, Norfolk-Virginia
Beach-Newport News, Sacramento
and San Diego MSA’s, and St.
Louis, San Diego, and San
Francisco cities

5

......................................................

25 ....................................................... .
50 ..................................................... .
100 ..................................................... .
200
............................................... .
.
.
600 ..................................................... .
.
1 000
............................................ .
1^500 .................................................. .


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

9.47
5.99
4.24
2.99
2.68

1.89
1.34
.95
.85
.67
.55
.47
.42
.35

13.31
8.42
5.95
4.21
3.76
2.66
1.88

1.33
1.19
.94
.77
.67
.60
.49

1.86

22.48
14.22
10.05
7.11
6.36
4.50
3.18
2.25

1.66

2.01

1.32
1.08
.93
.83

1.59
1.30
1.13

.68

.83

18.59
11.76
8.31
5.88
5.26
3.72
2.63

1.01

191

25.62
16.20
11.46
8.10

7.25
5.13
3.63
2.57
2.29
1.82
1.48
1.29
1.15
.94

2.00

1.64
1.42
1.27
1.04

1.88

1.69
1.39

39.85
25.21
17.83
12.61
11.28
7.98
5.65
4.00
3.59
2.84
2.33
2.03
1.82
1.51

Table B-32. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for total
or white persons by
selected metropolitan areas and cities —Continued
Area and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

Part 7:
Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River
CMSA and Salt Lake City-Ogden
MSA
2............................................

5.........................................
10 .................................................
20 .......................................
25 ..............................................
50 .........................................
100 .......................................
200 ....................................
250 .......................................
400 ...........................
600 ....................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5.41
3.42
2.42
1.71
1.53
1.08
.77
.54
.48
.38
.31

12.85
8.13
5.75
4.06
3.63
2.57
1.82
1.29
1.15
.91
.75

192

14.64
9.26
6.55
4.63
4.14
2.93
2.07
1.47
1.31
.85

16.15
10.22

7.22
5.11
4.57
3.23
2.29
1.62
1.45
1.15
.94

19.10
12.08
8.54
6.04
5.40
3.82
2.71
1.92
1.72
1.36
1.12

21.23
13.43
9.50
6.72
6.01

4.25
3.01
2.14
1.92
1.52
1.25

22.78
14.41
10.19
7.21
6.45
4.57
3.24
2.30
2.06
1.64
1.36

Table B-33. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons by
selected metropolitan areas and cities
Area and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
2

1

6

4

10

8

15

20

25

Part 1:
Atlanta MSA

.........................................................
..........................................................
25 ..........................................................
50 .........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 ........................................................
400 .......................................................
10

20

10.60
6.70
4.74
3.35
3.00
2.12

14.95
9.45
6.69
4.73
4.23
2.99

21.03
13.30
9.40
6.65
5.95
4.20
2.97

25.62
16.20
11.45
8.10

7.24
5.12
3.62
2.56
2.29
1.81

1.50
1.06
.95
.75

2.11

1.49
1.34
1.06

2.10

6.16
3.89
2.75
1.95
1.74
1.23
.87
.62

8.68

12.21

5.49
3.88
2.75
2.46
1.74
1.23
.87

7.72
5.46
3.86
3.45
2.44
1.73
1.22

1.48

7.24
4.58
3.24
2.29
2.05
1.45

10.22

14.37
9.09
6.43
4.54
4.06
2.87
2.03
1.44
1.28

17.51
11.07
7.83
5.54
4.95
3.50
2.47
1.75
1.56
1.24

1.88

1.48

49.52
31.31
22.14
15.65
13.99
9.89
6.98
4.92
4.39
3.45

29.42
18.60
13.15
9.30
8.32
5.88
4.16
2.94
2.62
2.07

32.71
20.69
14.63
10.34
9.25
6.54
4.62
3.26
2.92
2.30

39.50
24.98
17.66
12.49
11.17
7.89
5.58
3.94
3.52
2.77

44.95
28.43

17.09
10.81
7.64
5.40
4.83
3.41
2.41
1.70

19.00

22.94
14.51
10.26
7.25
6.48
4.58
3.23
2.27

26.11
16.51
11.67
8.25
7.37
5.20
3.67
2.57

28.76
18.18
12.85
9.08

20.11

22.35
14.14

30.73
19.43
13.74
9.71
8.69
6.14
4.34
3.06
2.74
2.16

33.84
21.40
15.13
10.70
9.57
6.76
4.78
3.37
3.01
2.37

32.04
20.27
14.33
10.13
9.06
6.41
4.53
3.20

35.30
22.32
15.78
11.16
9.98
7.06
4.99
3.52
3.15
2.49

20.10

14.21
12.71
8.98
6.34
4.47
3.99
3.15

Part 2:
Boston PMSA and CharlotteGastonia-Rock Hill MSA

.........................................................
.........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 ..........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
10

20

14.88
9.41
6.65
4.70
4.21
2.97
2.10

12.01

8.49
6.00

5.37
3.79
2.68

1.89

8.12

5.73
4.03
2.82

Part 3:
Bergen-Passaic, Detroit, and
Newark PMSA’s, and Detroit city
2.............................................................

.........................................................
..........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 ..........................................................
100 .......................................................
200 .......................................................
250 .......................................................
400 ........................................................
10

20

1.02

6.46
4.57
3.23
2.89
2.04
1.44

.72
.65
.51

1.02

7.55
4.78
3.38
2.39
2.14
1.51
1.07
.76

10.65
6.74
4.76
3.37
3.01
2.13
1.51
1.07
.95
.75
.61
.53
.48

.91
.72

1.02

1.80
1.42

2.00

1.58

27.00
17.07
12.07
8.54
7.63
5.40
3.81
2.69
2.41
1.90

20.97
13.26
9.38
6.63
5.93
4.19
2.96

23.31
14.74
10.43
7.37
6.59
4.66
3.30
2.33
2.08
1.65
1.34
1.16
1.04

28.15
17.81
12.59
8.90
7.96
5.63
3.98
2.81
2.51
1.99
1.62
1.40
1.25

12.72
8.99
6.36
5.69
4.02
2.84
2.01

10.00

7.07
6.32
4.47
3.16
2.23

Part 4:
Buffalo-Niagara Falls and
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley CMSA’s,
Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland,
Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodPompano Beach, Los AngelesLong Beach, Miami-Hialeah,
Nassau-Suffolk, New York,
Philadelphia, and Portland, Ore.
PMSA’s, Columbus, Ohio,
Dayton-Springfield, Oklahoma City,
Rochester, and Tampa-St.
Petersburg-Clearwater MSA’s, and
Chicago, Cleveland, Los Angeles,
New York, and Philadelphia cities
2............................................................

5.............................................................
10 ..........................................................
20 ........................................................
25 ........................................................
50 ........................................................
100 ......................................................
200 ......................................................
250 ......................................................
600 ......................................................
800 ......................................................
1,000 ...................................................


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.68

.53
.44
.38
.34

14.99
9.48
6.73
4.74
4.24
3.00
2.12

1.50
1.34
1.06
.86

.75
.67

18.26
11.55
8.16
5.77
5.16
3.65
2.58
1.82
1.63
1.29
1.05
.91
.81

193

2.10

1.87
1.48
1.21

1.05
.93

2.86

2.26
1.84
1.59
1.42

2.02

1.75
1.56

Table B-33. Sampling errors at the 90-percent confidence level of estimated unemployment rates for black persons bv
selected metropolitan areas and cities —Continued
K
1
Area and size of
civilian labor force
(In thousands)

Estimated rate (percent)
1

2

4

6

8

10

15

20

25

23.54
14.89
10.53
7.44

27.03
17.10
12.09
8.54
7.64
5.40
3.81
2.69
2.40

30.06
19.01
13.44
9.50
8.50

36.30
22.95
16.23
11.47
10.26
7.24
5.11
3.60
3.21

41.31
26.12
18.46
13.05
11.67
8.24
5.81
4.08
3.64

45.50
28.77
20.33
14.37
12.85
9.07
6.39
4.48
3.99

14.63
9.25
6.54
4.62

16.26
10.29
7.27
5.14

19.64
12.42
8.78

22.35
14.13
9.99
7.06

24.62
15.57

23.41
14.80
10.47
7.40
6.62
4.68
3.31

26.03
16.46
11.64
8.23
7.36
5.20
3.68
2.60
2.32
1.83
1.49

31.43
19.88
14.05
9.94
8.89
6.28
4.44
3.13
2.80

35.77
22.62
15.99
11.31

39.40
24.92
17.62
12.45
11.14
7.87
5.56
3.92
3.50
2.76
2.24

Part 5:
Anaheim-Santa Ana, Oakland,
Riverside-San Bernardino, San
Francisco, San Jose, and Seattle
PMSA’s, Minneapolis-St. Paul, New
Orleans, Norfolk-Virginia
Beach-Newport News, Sacramento,
and San Diego MSA’s, and St.
Louis, San Diego, and San
Francisco cities
2...........................................

5............................................................
10.........................................................
20 .........................................................
25 .........................................................
50 ..............................
100 .......................................
200 .....................................
250 .....................................

9.74
6.16
4.36
3.08
2.75
1.95
1.38
.97
.87

8.69
6.14
4.34
3.88

12.22

8.64
6.1