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FEDERAL RESERVE statistical release
G.17 (419)

For release at 9:15 a.m. (EST)
January 15, 1999

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CAPACITY UTILIZATION

Industrial production increased 0.2 percent in December. Based on more complete information for a number
of manufacturing industries and utilities, industrial production is now shown to have posted a larger gain in October than
previously estimated and to have declined less in November. Production in December was boosted by a 1.6 percent
increase in utilities. Manufacturing output increased 0.2 percent, the third month of consecutive gains. At 132.8 percent
of its 1992 average, industrial production in December was 1.9 percent higher than it was in December 1997. Capacity
utilization stood at 80.9 percent in December. The industry operating rate declined 2-1/2 percentage points during 1998
to a level more than 1 percentage point below its 1967–97 average.
Industrial production rose at an annual rate of 3.2 percent in the fourth quarter after having increased at a
0.9 percent rate in the third quarter. The gain was notable in manufacturing where the pace picked up from a 0.4 percent
annual rate in the third quarter to 5.1 percent in the fourth quarter. Part of the acceleration reflected a rebound in motor
vehicle assemblies after strikes had limited output in both the second and third quarters; nonetheless, the output of other
(over)

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CAPACITY UTILIZATION: SUMMARY
Seasonally adjusted
Index, 1992=100

Percent change

Industrial Production

1998
Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

Total index
Previous estimates

131.9
131.9

132.6
132.2

132.5
131.8

Major market groups:
Products, total
Consumer goods
Business equipment
Construction supplies
Materials

124.1
114.8
167.4
126.9
144.4

125.2
115.6
169.5
128.2
144.5

Major industry groups:
Manufacturing
Durable
Nondurable
Mining
Utilities

135.2
159.6
110.6
102.4
120.3

136.3
161.1
111.2
101.8
117.4

Capacity Utilization
Total industry
Previous estimates
Manufacturing
Advanced processing
Primary processing
Mining
Utilities

Average
1967–98

1982
Low

1998
Sept.r

Oct.r

132.8

–.4
–.4

.5
.2

–.1
–.3

.2

1.9

124.9
115.8
168.2
129.6
144.6

125.0
115.8
168.1
130.4
145.3

–.6
–1.2
.5
–.9
.0

.8
.8
1.3
1.0
.0

–.2
.2
–.8
1.1
.1

.1
.0
.0
.6
.5

2.2
.4
7.4
5.0
1.4

136.5
160.9
111.8
101.4
113.9

136.7
161.5
111.8
100.8
115.7

–.4
–.1
–.7
–1.3
.0

.8
1.0
.6
–.6
–2.4

.1
–.1
.5
–.4
–2.9

.2
.3
.0
–.6
1.6

2.3
4.8
–.8
–5.3
2.4

Percent of capacity
1988–89
1997
1998
High
Dec.
Sept.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

Oct.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

Dec. 97 to
Dec. 98

Capacity
growth
Dec. 97 to
Dec. 98

82.1

71.1

85.4

83.4

81.3
81.3

81.4
81.2

81.0
80.6

80.9

5.0

81.1
80.5
82.4
87.5
87.5

69.0
70.4
66.2
80.3
75.9

85.7
84.2
88.9
88.0
92.6

82.5
81.4
85.4
89.0
89.9

80.1
79.5
82.1
85.2
95.0

80.4
79.8
82.4
84.6
92.7

80.1
79.5
82.3
84.2
89.9

79.9
79.2
82.4
83.6
91.3

5.6
6.6
2.9
.9
.8

manufacturing industries increased at an annual rate of 3.3 percent in the fourth quarter after having been little changed in
the third quarter. Utility output fell 12.5 percent at an annual rate in the fourth quarter as a result of the unusually mild
temperatures.
Market Groups
The output of consumer goods was unchanged in December. The production of automotive products was
also unchanged, but the output of other durable consumer goods rose 0.8 percent. The production of nondurable
consumer goods slipped down 0.1 percent, pulled down by decreases in clothing and paper products. Residential sales of
both electricity and gas increased.
The production of business equipment was unchanged after an 0.8 percent drop in November. December
declines in the output of industrial equipment (notably mining and oil and gas field equipment), transit equipment, and
farm machinery (a component of the other equipment group) were offset by a gain in information processing equipment.
The output of construction supplies rose 0.6 percent after gains of about 1 percent in both October and
November. The production of business supplies increased 1.0 percent in December, more than reversing its loss in
November.
The production of materials grew 0.5 percent after having been nearly flat in the preceding three months.
The production of durable goods materials increased 0.6 percent as continued strength in the production of
semiconductors and computer parts offset weakness in other categories. The output of basic metals slipped 0.1 percent
and is now 5 percent below the level of a year ago. The production of nondurable materials also edged down 0.1 percent
because of weakness in the production of paper and textiles.
Industry Groups
Manufacturing output increased 0.2 percent in December with gains in the production of durable goods and
with no change in the production of nondurable goods. The output for most major durable goods industries increased; the
biggest advances came in electrical machinery, miscellaneous manufactures, and furniture. The production of computers
increased 2.2 percent while the output of other industrial machinery fell, leaving the combined industrial machinery and
computer industry up only 0.4 percent. In the past twelve months, computer output has expanded more than 50 percent.
The production of nondurable goods was flat in December after having posted gains of about 1/2 percent in the preceding
two months. Gains in petroleum and chemical products in December were offset by losses in printing, textiles, apparel,
and food; the decline in food production follows two consecutive monthly gains of about 1-1/2 percent. Mining
production continued to fall, being pulled down by the continued contraction in oil and gas extraction.
The factory operating rate dropped 0.2 percentage point to 79.9 percent—more than 2-1/2 percentage points
below the level in December 1997. The average rate in the fourth quarter, 80.2 percent, was unchanged from the third
quarter. The utilization rate for advanced-processing industries remains below its 1967–97 average, while the utilization
rate for primary-processing industries is at its long-term average. The utilization rate for mines fell 0.6 percentage point
in December and has fallen more than 5 percentage points during the past twelve months.

2

Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
(December data, seasonally adjusted)
Ratio scale, 1992=100

Percent of capacity

Industrial Production

Capacity Utilization

135

85
Total Industry

125
Manufacturing
Total Industry

115

80

Manufacturing

105
95

75
1990

1992

1994

1996

1998

1988

1990

1992

1994

1996

Industrial Production, Market Groups

Ratio scale, 1992=100

Consumer goods

1998

Ratio scale, 1992=100

Intermediate Products

135

135

125

125
Durable

115

115
Construction supplies

105

105
Nondurable

Business supplies

95

95

85

85
1990

1992

1994

1996

1998

1990

1992

1994

1996

Ratio scale, 1992=100

175
160
145

1998
Ratio scale, 1992=100

Equipment

Materials

175
160
145

130

130
Durable goods

Business

115

115

100

100

Nondurable goods
and energy

85

85

Defense and Space

70

70
1990

1992

1994

1996

1998

1990

3

1992

1994

1996

1998

Table 1A
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: MARKET GROUPS
Index, 1992=100
1997
IP
Proportion1

Seasonally Adjusted
1998
July

100.00

Not seasonally adjusted

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

1998
July

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

130.5

132.4

131.9

132.6

132.5

132.8

129.2

135.8

135.9

134.5

131.3

130.1

60.44
45.61

123.3
124.7

124.9
126.8

124.1
126.0

125.2
127.1

124.9
126.8

125.0
126.5

123.1
123.3

129.2
130.8

128.4
130.3

127.4
129.1

123.2
124.7

121.6
123.2

Consumer goods
Durable
Automotive products
Autos and trucks
Autos
Trucks
Auto parts and allied goods
Other durable goods
Appliances and electronics
Appliances and air cond.
Home electronics
Carpeting and furniture
Miscellaneous
Nondurable
Nonenergy
Foods and tobacco
Clothing
Chemical products
Paper products
Energy products
Fuels
Utilities

27.84
5.96
2.64
1.63
.62
1.01
1.01
3.32
.93
.47
.46
.82
1.58
21.88
19.09
9.64
1.92
4.64
2.89
2.78
.94
1.85

114.0
124.6
107.3
92.8
75.8
110.0
125.6
138.7
207.8
127.9
328.9
117.3
115.9
111.2
110.1
108.5
98.4
122.2
106.3
118.4
112.9
120.7

116.1
140.1
141.7
151.4
124.4
178.9
127.6
138.5
209.4
128.6
332.0
116.7
115.3
110.3
108.9
107.5
97.7
119.0
106.6
120.1
112.1
123.7

114.8
137.4
136.4
143.4
128.3
161.1
125.9
138.0
209.9
123.3
348.5
116.3
114.5
109.3
108.2
106.9
97.1
118.0
105.9
116.8
108.3
120.7

115.6
140.0
140.7
150.6
119.9
181.0
126.6
139.1
213.6
126.3
352.4
119.3
113.6
109.7
108.7
108.1
95.7
118.8
105.2
116.9
108.4
120.8

115.8
140.0
139.9
149.7
113.6
184.3
125.8
139.7
220.7
128.7
369.0
118.5
112.8
110.0
109.4
109.5
94.8
119.5
104.6
113.7
112.2
113.8

115.8
140.6
139.9
148.3
115.4
180.3
127.6
140.9
223.1
130.5
371.8
119.3
113.6
109.8
109.0
109.1
93.8
120.0
103.2
115.5
113.0
116.3

113.5
111.6
87.4
60.5
52.7
69.1
122.8
131.2
202.1
115.2
344.6
113.7
106.1
113.6
113.0
109.6
98.5
132.9
105.7
117.9
114.4
119.0

120.7
139.0
140.6
148.4
124.6
173.2
129.2
137.4
208.4
119.5
353.4
122.1
110.4
116.2
116.2
115.4
102.7
130.6
107.1
116.4
113.1
117.3

119.3
140.0
142.7
151.5
128.4
175.8
130.1
137.5
214.5
119.9
372.6
120.8
109.4
114.2
115.2
114.8
100.6
130.0
105.3
107.4
110.2
105.3

117.5
145.3
151.4
167.6
133.0
201.7
129.0
140.0
218.8
129.9
358.7
123.5
110.9
110.8
112.5
113.5
98.5
122.6
103.9
99.6
108.3
94.4

113.3
136.3
135.4
143.2
109.6
175.6
124.2
136.6
214.3
121.3
367.9
115.7
110.5
107.8
107.5
108.3
93.8
113.8
104.7
110.3
115.7
106.8

112.5
132.0
124.7
126.1
98.1
153.5
121.9
137.6
205.2
112.6
362.0
113.8
116.3
107.7
104.2
102.7
90.2
114.2
104.3
132.7
116.4
140.4

Equipment, total
Business equipment
Information processing & related
Computer and office
Industrial
Transit
Autos and trucks
Other
Defense and space equipment
Oil and gas well drilling
Manufactured homes

17.77
14.58
5.65
1.17
4.71
2.75
1.26
1.47
2.12
.86
.22

143.9
163.5
211.8
654.6
144.2
121.9
91.7
146.6
76.1
131.9
151.1

146.0
166.6
213.1
671.6
142.3
141.6
136.9
132.6
76.5
127.7
145.7

146.2
167.4
217.3
693.6
139.5
140.1
135.6
140.9
75.5
123.4
147.8

147.8
169.5
220.0
722.0
141.5
142.3
136.1
141.0
76.4
119.4
150.9

146.5
168.2
219.6
749.0
140.2
140.8
134.0
138.2
75.4
115.2
154.6

145.8
168.1
222.5
765.6
139.5
139.6
134.0
134.6
74.1
106.5
153.0

141.2
160.0
218.0
704.7
141.6
109.2
65.7
135.3
74.4
134.5
140.0

149.3
170.6
221.5
717.0
145.6
140.5
136.3
136.6
75.7
129.4
161.1

150.5
172.7
225.0
738.1
144.6
142.1
139.6
146.0
75.0
125.8
156.9

150.4
172.4
220.9
721.8
143.3
148.2
151.6
145.1
76.3
120.0
167.6

145.6
166.5
218.1
729.6
138.2
138.5
128.1
137.7
76.1
116.4
149.4

142.9
163.7
221.5
744.2
134.9
132.3
113.8
128.5
76.1
108.8
120.7

14.83
5.88
8.95

119.1
128.5
113.6

119.1
128.0
113.8

118.3
126.9
113.3

119.2
128.2
113.9

119.3
129.6
113.2

120.3
130.4
114.3

122.4
131.5
117.1

124.3
134.4
118.3

123.0
132.8
117.2

122.5
133.3
116.1

118.9
129.5
112.7

117.0
123.6
113.1

39.56

141.9

144.4

144.4

144.5

144.6

145.3

138.7

146.3

147.9

145.8

144.3

144.1

Item

Total index
Products, total
Final products

Intermediate products
Construction supplies
Business supplies
Materials
Durable
Consumer parts
Equipment parts
Semiconductors, printed circuit
boards, and oth. elec. comps.
Other
Basic metals
Nondurable
Textile
Paper
Chemical
Other
Energy
Primary
Converted fuel

23.66
4.53
8.74

171.8
129.7
274.1

177.4
149.6
278.0

177.7
147.7
282.7

178.8
146.3
286.3

179.4
146.0
288.8

180.5
145.6
292.9

164.8
110.2
264.9

180.0
154.0
278.0

184.9
150.1
301.7

181.6
152.8
285.9

179.6
142.7
293.9

179.3
132.1
307.4

3.22
10.39
3.38
8.51
.95
1.79
3.89
1.87
7.39
4.85
2.54

796.2
128.1
120.2
114.1
110.1
117.3
114.6
111.7
104.8
102.9
108.6

825.7
128.3
121.9
113.1
107.7
116.4
113.6
111.6
104.4
101.2
110.7

864.7
127.7
118.2
112.0
107.6
115.0
111.8
111.5
105.2
102.3
110.9

899.1
128.5
118.5
111.5
108.9
115.7
110.9
110.2
103.8
102.6
106.3

930.6
128.8
117.5
111.6
107.0
114.5
110.8
112.7
103.0
100.6
107.9

959.8
129.1
117.3
111.5
106.4
114.2
111.0
112.4
103.9
101.3
109.2

720.1
127.2
116.5
112.6
103.3
117.3
113.9
110.0
106.6
102.7
114.0

810.0
130.5
119.7
113.2
109.9
117.0
112.8
111.7
106.5
101.3
116.4

1015
131.0
119.4
112.5
107.4
114.5
112.6
112.8
103.5
100.1
110.2

882.8
130.6
118.8
113.5
112.5
115.4
110.9
117.3
100.4
99.2
102.9

948.8
128.1
117.4
110.7
107.4
113.6
109.5
111.7
101.4
99.2
105.8

1038
126.5
115.5
107.3
98.7
111.5
107.8
106.6
105.1
101.9
111.5

SPECIAL AGGREGATES
Total excluding:
Autos and trucks
Motor vehicles and parts
Computers
Computers and semiconductors2

97.11
94.75
98.09
94.39

131.6
131.7
126.2
117.8

132.1
131.3
128.0
119.5

131.7
131.0
127.4
118.7

132.3
131.7
127.9
119.1

132.2
131.7
127.7
118.7

132.6
132.0
127.9
118.8

131.1
131.8
124.7
116.6

135.6
134.8
131.2
122.4

135.6
135.0
131.1
121.5

133.8
133.0
129.8
120.8

131.1
130.6
126.6
117.3

130.4
130.2
125.4
115.8

Consumer goods excluding:
Autos and trucks
Energy

26.21
25.05

114.9
113.5

114.3
115.7

113.2
114.6

113.8
115.5

114.0
116.1

114.1
115.9

116.1
113.1

119.2
121.2

117.6
120.6

114.9
119.6

111.7
113.7

111.7
110.2

Business equipment excluding:
Autos and trucks
Computer and office equipment

13.32
13.41

171.8
142.2

169.9
144.8

171.0
145.1

173.3
146.5

172.0
144.6

172.0
144.2

171.0
137.6

174.3
147.5

176.4
149.1

174.6
149.1

170.7
143.3

169.3
140.3

Materials excluding:
Energy

32.17

153.6

156.9

156.7

157.2

157.6

158.3

148.8

158.9

161.9

160.1

157.7

156.3

1. The IP proportion data are estimates of the industries’ relative contributions to overall IP growth in the following year.
2. Semiconductors include related electronic components.

4

Table 1B
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: MARKET GROUPS
Percent change

Item

1997 Q4
to
1998 Q4

Seasonally adjusted
annual rate
1998
Q1
Q2
Q3r
Q4p

Seasonally adjusted
1998
Sept.r
Oct.r Nov.r Dec.p

Not seasonally adjusted
1998
Sept.r
Oct.r Nov.r Dec.p

Dec. 97
to
Dec. 98

Total index

2.1

1.6

2.8

.9

3.2

–.4

.5

–.1

.2

.1

–1.0

–2.4

–.8

1.9

Products, total
Final products

2.5
2.5

2.7
3.0

4.2
4.6

.2
–.8

3.0
3.2

–.6
–.6

.8
.9

–.2
–.3

.1
–.2

–.6
–.4

–.8
–.9

–3.3
–3.4

–1.3
–1.2

2.2
2.0

.3
5.3
3.8
3.3
.6
5.4
5.6
6.3
18.4
8.6
28.5
4.3
.4
–1.0
–1.4
.4
–5.7
–1.5
–4.7
1.7
1.4
1.9

1.0
6.3
–7.4
–13.7
–21.6
–8.3
4.1
18.5
33.8
25.0
42.4
8.4
15.0
–.5
1.4
5.3
–1.7
–.2
–6.1
–12.7
4.2
–20.4

1.4
.3
–4.2
–14.0
–19.2
–10.2
13.4
3.9
6.1
–1.4
13.1
3.1
2.9
1.7
–.4
–.3
–3.7
5.3
–7.2
17.5
1.7
26.7

–3.9
–3.6
–7.6
–14.3
26.9
–30.5
4.4
–.8
14.6
6.3
22.9
–2.0
–8.2
–3.9
–6.6
–7.6
–5.7
–9.7
1.9
16.1
–.7
25.3

2.8
19.6
41.8
79.3
27.2
116.0
.8
4.4
20.8
6.2
37.6
8.0
–6.5
–1.4
–.1
4.8
–11.5
–.9
–7.0
–10.0
.4
–14.7

–1.2
–1.9
–3.7
–5.3
3.1
–9.9
–1.3
–.3
.2
–4.2
5.0
–.4
–.7
–1.0
–.7
–.6
–.7
–.8
–.7
–2.8
–3.4
–2.5

.8
1.9
3.2
5.0
–6.6
12.3
.5
.8
1.8
2.4
1.1
2.6
–.8
.4
.5
1.1
–1.4
.7
–.7
.1
.0
.1

.2
.0
–.6
–.6
–5.2
1.8
–.6
.5
3.3
1.9
4.7
–.6
–.7
.2
.7
1.3
–.9
.6
–.6
–2.8
3.6
–5.8

.0
.5
.0
–.9
1.6
–2.2
1.5
.8
1.1
1.4
.7
.7
.8
–.1
–.4
–.4
–1.0
.5
–1.3
1.7
.7
2.1

–1.2
.8
1.5
2.1
3.0
1.5
.6
.1
2.9
.3
5.4
–1.0
–.9
–1.7
–.9
–.6
–2.0
–.5
–1.7
–7.7
–2.6
–10.2

–1.5
3.8
6.1
10.6
3.6
14.7
–.8
1.8
2.0
8.4
–3.7
2.2
1.4
–2.9
–2.3
–1.1
–2.1
–5.6
–1.4
–7.3
–1.7
–10.4

–3.5
–6.2
–10.6
–14.5
–17.6
–12.9
–3.7
–2.4
–2.1
–6.6
2.6
–6.3
–.3
–2.8
–4.5
–4.6
–4.8
–7.2
.8
10.8
6.8
13.1

–.7
–3.2
–7.9
–11.9
–10.5
–12.6
–1.8
.7
–4.3
–7.2
–1.6
–1.7
5.3
.0
–3.0
–5.2
–3.8
.4
–.4
20.3
.6
31.4

.4
5.5
4.0
2.9
2.1
3.9
6.6
6.5
19.0
9.5
28.8
6.0
–.4
–1.0
–1.6
.6
–6.7
–1.4
–5.7
2.7
2.6
2.7

5.8
8.5
14.8
55.7
1.1
12.3
4.0
–.8
–.6
–24.5
8.2

6.3
6.2
14.8
75.3
–1.9
7.3
–18.9
–2.6
1.9
14.1
21.5

9.6
13.8
20.7
60.7
5.9
15.8
–12.0
7.6
–1.3
–27.2
–1.4

4.0
7.2
11.0
38.8
5.4
6.5
8.1
–1.8
.8
–37.8
1.3

3.6
6.9
13.1
50.4
–4.4
20.3
51.6
–5.9
–3.7
–37.1
13.2

.2
.5
2.0
3.3
–2.0
–1.0
–1.0
6.2
–1.2
–3.4
1.5

1.1
1.3
1.2
4.1
1.5
1.6
.4
.0
1.2
–3.2
2.1

–.9
–.8
–.2
3.7
–1.0
–1.1
–1.6
–2.0
–1.3
–3.5
2.5

–.5
.0
1.3
2.2
–.5
–.8
.0
–2.6
–1.7
–7.6
–1.0

.8
1.3
1.6
2.9
–.7
1.1
2.4
6.9
–1.0
–2.8
–2.6

.0
–.2
–1.8
–2.2
–.9
4.3
8.6
–.6
1.8
–4.6
6.8

–3.2
–3.5
–1.2
1.1
–3.6
–6.5
–15.5
–5.1
–.2
–3.0
–10.9

–1.9
–1.7
1.5
2.0
–2.4
–4.5
–11.2
–6.7
.0
–6.6
–19.2

4.6
7.4
14.4
54.1
–.2
11.1
5.2
–3.0
–2.2
–28.8
7.5

2.6
4.9
1.1

1.5
6.4
–1.6

3.0
2.4
3.3

3.4
5.6
2.0

2.5
5.1
.8

–.6
–.9
–.4

.7
1.0
.5

.1
1.1
–.7

.9
.6
1.0

–1.1
–1.2
–1.0

–.4
.4
–.9

–2.9
–2.9
–3.0

–1.6
–4.5
.3

2.9
5.0
1.5

1.6

.1

.7

2.0

3.5

.0

.0

.1

.5

1.1

–1.4

–1.1

–.1

1.4

3.7
–1.2
11.7

1.3
–10.5
8.9

.5
–6.1
6.6

4.2
2.6
14.8

9.2
10.7
16.9

.2
–1.3
1.7

.6
–.9
1.3

.4
–.3
.9

.6
–.2
1.4

2.8
–2.5
8.5

–1.8
1.8
–5.2

–1.1
–6.6
2.8

–.2
–7.4
4.6

3.7
–2.9
12.2

29.2
–.9
–5.4
–3.3
–4.8
–2.3
–5.1
.5
.2
.7
–.6

8.4
.0
2.6
–2.4
–8.0
–2.2
–1.5
–1.5
–.7
2.1
–6.0

11.4
–2.0
–9.3
–1.7
.0
–1.6
–3.1
.4
4.5
.3
12.8

45.6
–4.1
–6.7
–3.8
–7.4
–.4
–7.3
2.5
1.9
3.0
.1

58.4
2.5
–7.6
–5.2
–3.7
–4.8
–8.4
.6
–4.5
–2.5
–7.9

4.7
–.4
–3.0
–1.0
–.1
–1.2
–1.6
–.1
.7
1.0
.2

4.0
.6
.2
–.4
1.2
.6
–.9
–1.2
–1.3
.3
–4.1

3.5
.2
–.8
.1
–1.8
–1.0
–.1
2.3
–.8
–2.0
1.5

3.1
.3
–.1
–.1
–.6
–.2
.2
–.3
.9
.7
1.2

25.3
.4
–.3
–.6
–2.3
–2.2
–.2
.9
–2.8
–1.2
–5.3

–13.0
–.3
–.5
.9
4.8
.8
–1.5
4.0
–2.9
–.8
–6.6

7.5
–1.9
–1.2
–2.5
–4.6
–1.6
–1.2
–4.8
1.0
–.1
2.8

9.4
–1.3
–1.6
–3.0
–8.1
–1.8
–1.5
–4.6
3.6
2.7
5.3

31.6
–.7
–5.0
–3.9
–6.2
–3.1
–5.6
.0
.1
.2
.1

2.1
2.2
1.1
.2

2.2
2.8
.4
.0

3.3
3.8
1.7
1.3

1.1
.6
.1
–1.2

1.7
1.5
2.2
.7

–.3
–.2
–.5
–.6

.5
.6
.5
.3

.0
.0
–.2
–.3

.3
.3
.2
.1

.0
.2
.0
–.8

–1.4
–1.4
–1.0
–.6

–2.0
–1.8
–2.5
–2.9

–.5
–.3
–.9
–1.3

1.8
2.0
.8
–.1

.1
.1

2.0
2.6

2.5
–.2

–3.2
–5.9

–.6
4.4

–.9
–1.0

.5
.8

.2
.5

.1
–.2

–1.4
–.5

–2.3
–.9

–2.7
–4.9

.0
–3.1

.2
.1

Business equipment excluding:
Autos and trucks
Computer and office equipment

8.8
4.3

8.8
.8

16.3
9.3

7.0
4.2

3.6
3.1

.6
.2

1.3
1.0

–.7
–1.3

.0
–.3

1.2
1.1

–1.0
.1

–2.2
–3.9

–.8
–2.1

7.6
3.2

Materials excluding:
Energy

1.8

.3

–.1

1.9

5.3

–.1

.3

.3

.4

1.9

–1.1

–1.5

–.9

1.6

Consumer goods
Durable
Automotive products
Autos and trucks
Autos
Trucks
Auto parts and allied goods
Other durable goods
Appliances and electronics
Appliances and air cond.
Home electronics
Carpeting and furniture
Miscellaneous
Nondurable
Nonenergy
Foods and tobacco
Clothing
Chemical products
Paper products
Energy products
Fuels
Utilities
Equipment, total
Business equipment
Information processing & related
Computer and office
Industrial
Transit
Autos and trucks
Other
Defense and space equipment
Oil and gas well drilling
Manufactured homes
Intermediate products
Construction supplies
Business supplies
Materials
Durable
Consumer parts
Equipment parts
Semiconductors, printed circuit
boards, and oth. elec. comps.
Other
Basic metals
Nondurable
Textile
Paper
Chemical
Other
Energy
Primary
Converted fuel
SPECIAL AGGREGATE
Total excluding:
Autos and trucks
Motor vehicles and parts
Computers
Computers and semiconductors1
Consumer goods excluding:
Autos and trucks
Energy

Note—Percent changes shown in the first and last columns are based on seasonally adjusted data.
1. Semiconductors include related electronic components.

5

Table 2A
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: INDUSTRY GROUPS
Index, 1992=100
1997
IP
SIC Proportion1

Seasonally Adjusted

100.00

Not seasonally adjusted

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

1998
July

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

130.5

132.4

131.9

132.6

132.5

132.8

129.2

135.8

135.9

134.5

131.3

130.1

87.78

133.6

135.7

135.2

136.3

136.5

136.7

131.8

139.5

140.4

139.7

135.6

133.2

27.77
60.01

120.7
139.9

120.6
143.3

119.3
143.2

120.1
144.4

120.3
144.6

120.6
144.8

119.4
137.7

122.2
148.0

121.5
149.8

122.5
148.1

120.0
143.2

117.3
140.9

48.49
2.11
1.38
2.35

154.4
117.5
120.8
125.4

159.8
118.5
120.1
127.0

159.6
117.0
121.6
126.6

161.1
117.9
123.8
127.6

160.9
118.9
123.9
129.3

161.5
119.7
125.1
129.6

148.7
116.4
120.1
127.1

162.3
122.7
128.4
132.2

165.0
120.3
127.6
131.7

164.2
123.4
125.0
132.2

160.0
118.4
122.7
129.3

157.9
111.8
122.8
123.7

3.61
1.96
.09
1.65
5.48

122.6
120.2
118.3
125.4
127.8

124.4
122.5
120.3
126.7
126.3

120.1
113.4
112.6
128.1
126.2

121.0
114.3
109.7
129.1
127.0

118.6
109.7
100.2
129.2
127.3

118.5
109.9
102.2
128.7
128.0

117.6
116.4
112.3
119.1
126.9

121.7
118.6
116.3
125.3
129.3

121.3
115.0
112.1
128.8
129.7

121.6
115.5
108.5
129.0
129.5

118.4
109.0
99.5
129.6
127.8

114.8
105.8
99.6
125.4
127.8

9.43
1.91
8.77

209.0
657.0
289.4

207.0
673.6
290.8

207.7
695.5
297.7

211.3
723.9
301.0

212.1
751.1
303.0

212.9
767.4
307.0

206.4
707.4
278.7

210.7
719.2
294.4

214.2
740.1
322.0

211.6
723.8
304.1

205.7
731.5
309.6

204.5
745.9
319.0

3.70

676.7

697.4

725.6

752.1

774.7

796.1

624.3

691.8

838.9

746.2

796.5

863.9

372–6,9
38
39

9.16
5.25
2.62
3.90
4.85
1.35

108.2
107.6
86.9
107.1
112.6
118.5

130.3
154.2
142.0
106.9
113.0
117.7

127.6
149.9
136.5
105.8
114.2
117.0

128.6
150.2
140.4
107.4
115.0
115.9

127.4
149.0
138.5
106.0
113.9
114.4

126.2
148.1
137.8
104.8
114.4
115.8

92.2
76.6
57.3
104.7
114.4
115.0

130.6
156.6
139.7
105.5
115.6
118.1

128.9
154.0
142.8
104.6
116.8
117.3

134.4
163.6
156.3
106.3
115.5
118.8

124.8
143.4
132.8
106.3
113.1
118.0

117.4
127.4
117.2
106.7
114.0
117.3

20
21
22
23
26

39.28
8.95
1.32
1.60
1.83
3.50

112.1
109.0
106.0
113.2
100.1
115.9

111.3
107.9
107.0
111.8
99.2
115.3

110.6
107.7
104.2
111.2
98.3
113.9

111.2
109.2
101.9
112.7
97.4
115.4

111.8
111.1
99.8
111.3
95.7
115.0

111.8
110.6
100.0
110.6
95.4
115.0

113.6
111.9
91.3
110.2
98.7
115.7

115.9
114.7
115.6
116.2
102.5
116.2

115.2
115.4
109.4
114.7
100.0
113.8

114.5
114.4
111.3
119.1
98.7
117.3

110.7
110.6
98.8
109.5
95.9
113.5

108.0
107.1
78.8
99.5
95.4
111.0

27
28
29
30
31

6.74
9.82
1.56
3.75
.22

105.4
115.7
113.4
132.7
75.3

104.9
114.3
114.1
132.2
74.0

104.6
113.3
110.7
132.6
73.5

104.8
113.9
110.6
133.5
73.1

105.3
114.0
113.5
134.9
73.7

105.0
114.5
114.3
135.8
72.8

108.5
120.6
118.3
128.2
72.4

109.3
119.4
119.5
133.5
75.4

109.1
119.1
115.7
133.4
74.0

107.9
115.7
111.9
135.4
74.4

105.8
110.4
115.1
135.5
74.1

103.7
109.6
114.2
135.3
72.9

10
12
13
14

5.94
.39
.85
4.08
.62

104.6
105.7
112.8
100.0
125.4

103.7
109.0
109.7
99.2
124.3

102.4
106.4
115.8
96.8
120.3

101.8
111.1
110.8
96.8
118.8

101.4
112.0
108.6
95.2
128.3

100.8
111.5
114.5
93.4
126.0

105.7
106.4
109.9
99.4
146.9

105.7
111.2
111.8
98.3
148.2

104.2
110.6
116.7
96.6
138.4

103.8
111.5
116.6
96.3
136.0

101.7
111.3
107.5
96.4
128.4

99.2
111.5
110.3
94.9
109.4

6.28
5.18
1.10

118.3
119.8
111.7

120.2
121.2
115.7

120.3
122.6
109.7

117.4
120.3
103.8

113.9
117.7
96.5

115.7
119.0
100.6

122.1
135.9
61.9

121.9
135.6
62.0

113.5
125.9
59.5

103.9
111.4
72.1

108.3
109.4
107.3

124.7
119.7
153.1

Computers, communications eq. and
semiconductors2

7.64

511.8

522.5

538.3

551.9

561.9

574.1

504.1

532.9

585.3

551.7

570.1

599.8

Manufacturing excluding:
Motor vehicles and parts
Computer and office equipment
Computers and semiconductors2
Computers, communications eq. and
semiconductors2

82.52
85.87
82.17

135.1
128.6
118.9

134.6
130.6
120.6

134.4
130.0
119.9

135.5
130.9
120.6

135.8
131.0
120.5

136.1
131.1
120.5

135.0
126.5
117.1

138.5
134.1
123.9

139.6
134.9
123.6

138.2
134.2
123.6

135.1
130.2
119.4

133.5
127.7
116.5

80.13

117.2

119.0

118.1

118.9

118.9

118.8

115.5

122.3

122.0

122.0

117.7

114.7

8.2
3.9
4.3
4.0
0.3

13.2
6.3
6.9
6.6
0.4

12.8
6.5
6.3
5.9
0.4

13.1
6.1
7.0
6.6
0.4

12.9
5.8
7.1
6.7
0.4

12.8
5.8
7.0
6.6
0.4

5.8
2.8
3.0
2.7
0.3

12.7
6.1
6.5
6.2
0.4

13.5
6.6
6.9
6.5
0.4

14.8
6.8
7.9
7.5
0.4

11.9
5.4
6.6
6.2
0.3

11.5
5.3
6.3
5.9
0.3

Item

Total index
Manufacturing
Primary processing
Advanced processing
Durable
Lumber and products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products

24
25
32

Primary metals
33
Iron and steel
331,2
Raw steel
Nonferrous
333–6,9
Fabricated metal products
34
Industrial machinery
and equipment
35
Computer and office equip.
357
Electrical machinery
36
Semiconductors and related
electronic components
3672–9
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and parts
Autos and light trucks
Aerospace and misc.
Instruments
Miscellaneous

37
371

Nondurable
Foods
Tobacco products
Textile mill products
Apparel products
Paper and products
Printing and publishing
Chemicals and products
Petroleum products
Rubber and plastics products
Leather and products

Mining
Metal mining
Coal mining
Oil and gas extraction
Stone and earth minerals
Utilities
Electric
Gas 492,3pt

491,3pt

1998
July

SPECIAL AGGREGATES

Memo: Motor vehicle assemblies3
Total
Autos
Trucks
Light
Heavy and medium

1. The IP proportion data are estimates of the industries’ relative contributions to overall IP growth in the following year.
2. Semiconductors include related electronic components.
3. Millions of units at an annual rate.
Note—Primary processing manufacturing includes textile mill products, paper and products, industrial chemicals, synthetic materials, and fertilizers,
petroleum products, rubber and plastics products, lumber and products, primary metals, fabricated metals, and stone, clay, and glass products. Advanced
processing manufacturing includes foods, tobacco products, apparel products, printing and publishing, chemical products and other agricultural chemicals,
leather and products, furniture and fixtures, industrial machinery and equipment, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, instruments, and
miscellaneous manufactures.

6

Table 2B
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: INDUSTRY GROUPS
Percent change

Item

SIC

1997 Q4
to
1998 Q4

Seasonally adjusted
annual rate
1998
Q1
Q2
Q3r
Q4p

Seasonally adjusted
1998
Sept.r
Oct.r Nov.r Dec.p

Not seasonally adjusted
1998
Sept.r
Oct.r Nov.r Dec.p

Dec. 97
to
Dec. 98

Total index

2.1

1.6

2.8

.9

3.2

–.4

.5

–.1

.2

.1

–1.0

–2.4

–.8

1.9

Manufacturing

2.6

2.4

2.5

.4

5.1

–.4

.8

.1

.2

.6

–.5

–2.9

–1.8

2.3

–.5
4.1

.8
3.2

–.6
3.9

–2.8
1.9

.5
7.3

–1.0
–.1

.6
.9

.2
.1

.3
.1

–.6
1.2

.8
–1.1

–2.0
–3.3

–2.2
–1.6

–.7
3.7

5.3
3.8
3.9
4.0

3.5
4.0
.8
1.5

4.6
2.9
4.8
–1.3

4.7
4.4
–1.2
7.8

8.5
4.0
11.7
8.2

–.1
–1.3
1.2
–.3

1.0
.7
1.8
.8

–.1
.9
.1
1.4

.3
.7
1.0
.2

1.7
–2.0
–.6
–.4

–.4
2.6
–2.1
.4

–2.6
–4.1
–1.8
–2.2

–1.3
–5.6
.1
–4.3

4.8
4.1
3.8
3.6

–7.1
–13.0
–12.9
.0
.3

–.9
1.1
8.8
–3.2
.4

–8.6
–12.7
–6.0
–3.3
3.2

–9.2
–16.0
–9.7
–.6
–4.2

–9.4
–22.7
–37.6
7.3
2.1

–3.4
–7.4
–6.4
1.1
–.1

.8
.8
–2.6
.7
.6

–2.0
–4.0
–8.7
.1
.2

–.1
.2
2.0
–.4
.6

–.3
–3.1
–3.6
2.7
.4

.3
.4
–3.2
.2
–.2

–2.7
–5.6
–8.3
.5
–1.4

–3.1
–2.9
.1
–3.3
.1

–7.3
–13.9
–14.5
.5
–.1

13.1
54.1
10.9

14.8
72.6
6.7

19.5
58.1
6.8

10.1
37.6
14.7

8.3
50.0
15.9

.3
3.2
2.4

1.7
4.1
1.1

.4
3.8
.7

.4
2.2
1.3

1.7
2.9
9.4

–1.2
–2.2
–5.6

–2.8
1.1
1.8

–.6
2.0
3.0

12.6
52.8
11.0

25.3

8.9

9.6

37.6

49.8

4.0

3.7

3.0

2.8

21.3

–11.0

6.7

8.5

27.1

372–6,9
38
39

3.4
1.1
2.9
6.8
2.1
–3.2

–4.7
–17.1
–15.0
14.2
.5
2.5

–2.6
–14.5
–14.9
14.1
2.9
–2.1

3.7
5.7
–8.7
2.0
.8
–5.0

18.7
39.4
69.3
–2.1
4.2
–7.8

–2.0
–2.8
–3.9
–1.0
1.1
–.6

.8
.2
2.9
1.4
.7
–.9

–1.0
–.8
–1.4
–1.2
–1.0
–1.3

–.9
–.7
–.5
–1.2
.4
1.3

–1.3
–1.7
2.2
–.9
1.0
–.7

4.3
6.3
9.4
1.7
–1.2
1.3

–7.2
–12.4
–15.0
–.1
–2.0
–.7

–5.9
–11.2
–11.7
.4
.8
–.6

1.7
–.4
2.7
4.8
2.1
–3.4

20
21
22
23
26

–.8
1.6
–8.7
–1.7
–5.9
–.6

1.1
5.8
–2.9
.5
–2.1
–.9

–.2
–.1
–2.6
–1.3
–4.3
–1.8

–4.7
–6.5
–10.3
–4.0
–5.5
.2

1.0
8.0
–18.1
–2.0
–11.6
.4

–.7
–.2
–2.5
–.5
–.9
–1.2

.6
1.4
–2.2
1.3
–.9
1.3

.5
1.7
–2.0
–1.2
–1.7
–.3

.0
–.5
.2
–.7
–.4
.0

–.6
.6
–5.4
–1.3
–2.4
–2.0

–.7
–.8
1.7
3.9
–1.3
3.0

–3.3
–3.4
–11.2
–8.1
–2.8
–3.3

–2.5
–3.1
–20.2
–9.1
–.6
–2.2

–.8
1.5
–6.0
–2.3
–6.7
–1.0

27
28
29
30
31

–1.7
–2.1
2.3
3.3
–7.6

–2.8
.6
4.9
2.5
–6.7

–2.0
.6
1.3
5.4
–11.2

–2.1
–8.3
2.8
–1.2
–6.7

.3
–1.0
.2
6.8
–5.7

–.2
–.8
–3.0
.4
–.7

.2
.5
–.1
.6
–.6

.4
.1
2.6
1.1
.9

–.2
.4
.7
.7
–1.3

–.2
–.2
–3.2
.0
–1.8

–1.1
–2.9
–3.3
1.5
.5

–2.0
–4.6
2.9
.1
–.4

–1.9
–.7
–.8
–.2
–1.7

–1.9
–2.5
3.4
3.7
–7.7

10
12
13
14

–4.2
–.6
3.0
–7.4
2.6

4.3
8.3
–4.9
5.3
7.7

–6.2
–21.4
4.5
–8.2
3.1

–6.1
–2.7
19.5
–12.0
–3.6

–8.4
17.8
–5.2
–13.7
3.4

–1.3
–2.4
5.6
–2.4
–3.2

–.6
4.4
–4.3
.0
–1.3

–.4
.8
–2.0
–1.7
8.0

–.6
–.4
5.4
–1.9
–1.8

–1.4
–.5
4.4
–1.7
–6.6

–.4
.8
–.1
–.4
–1.7

–2.0
–.2
–7.8
.1
–5.6

–2.5
.2
2.6
–1.6
–14.8

–5.3
3.7
–1.4
–8.7
3.4

491,3pt

1.3
3.4
–9.1

–11.1
–7.9
–25.5

17.9
21.3
1.3

14.7
10.0
42.2

–12.5
–7.0
–36.6

.0
1.1
–5.2

–2.4
–1.8
–5.4

–2.9
–2.2
–7.1

1.6
1.1
4.2

–6.9
–7.1
–4.0

–8.5
–11.5
21.2

4.3
–1.8
48.7

15.1
9.4
42.7

2.4
4.6
–8.5

26.9

22.7

23.5

28.7

32.7

3.0

2.5

1.8

2.2

9.8

–5.7

3.3

5.2

27.2

2.7
1.4
.4

3.8
1.0
.6

3.6
1.1
.7

.1
–.5
–2.0

3.3
4.1
2.4

–.2
–.5
–.7

.9
.7
.6

.2
.0
–.1

.2
.1
.0

.8
.6
–.2

–1.0
–.5
.0

–2.2
–3.0
–3.4

–1.2
–1.9
–2.4

2.5
1.1
.0

.3

.4

.3

–2.3

2.6

–.7

.6

.0

.0

–.2

.0

–3.5

–2.6

–.1

Primary processing
Advanced processing
Durable
Lumber and products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products

24
25
32

Primary metals
33
Iron and steel
331,2
Raw steel
Nonferrous
333–6,9
Fabricated metal products
34
Industrial machinery
and equipment
35
Computer and office equip.
357
Electrical machinery
36
Semiconductors and related
electronic components
3672–9
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and parts
Autos and light trucks
Aerospace and misc.
Instruments
Miscellaneous

37
371

Nondurable
Foods
Tobacco products
Textile mill products
Apparel products
Paper and products
Printing and publishing
Chemicals and products
Petroleum products
Rubber and plastics products
Leather and products

Mining
Metal mining
Coal mining
Oil and gas extraction
Stone and earth minerals
Utilities
Electric
Gas 492,3pt
SPECIAL AGGREGATES
Computers, communications eq. and
semiconductors1

Manufacturing excluding:
Motor vehicles and parts
Computer and office equipment
Computers and semiconductors1
Computers, communications eq. and
semiconductors1

1. Semiconductors include related electronic components.
Note—Percent changes shown in the first and last columns are based on seasonally adjusted data.

7

Table 3
CAPACITY UTILIZATION: MANUFACTURING, MINING, AND UTILITIES
Percent of capacity, seasonally adjusted
1997
Proportion

19671997
Ave.

19781980
High

1982
Low

19881989
High

19901991
Low

19941995
High

1997
Dec.

1998
July

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

Total industry

100.00

82.1

87.3

71.1

85.4

78.1

84.7

83.4

81.1

82.0

81.3

81.4

81.0

80.9

Manufacturing

88.27

81.1

86.9

69.0

85.7

76.6

84.4

82.5

79.8

80.7

80.1

80.4

80.1

79.9

26.59
61.68

82.3
80.5

88.1
86.7

66.2
70.4

88.9
84.2

77.7
76.1

89.2
82.3

85.4
81.4

83.4
78.5

83.1
79.9

82.1
79.5

82.4
79.8

82.3
79.5

82.4
79.2

49.69
2.12
1.44
2.38

79.4
82.5
81.4
78.2

87.7
87.9
85.5
88.0

63.9
60.8
68.9
64.3

84.6
93.6
86.6
83.5

73.1
75.5
72.5
69.7

84.1
88.0
84.3
83.3

82.0
81.4
78.2
81.2

78.6
81.8
77.6
81.2

80.9
82.3
77.1
82.2

80.3
81.1
78.0
81.9

80.6
81.5
79.2
82.5

80.0
82.0
79.2
83.7

79.8
82.4
79.9
83.8

3.22
1.77
.08
1.45
.05
.10

81.1
81.1
80.9
81.3
75.2
88.4

94.2
95.8
95.8
91.1
81.5
97.6

45.1
37.0
35.2
60.1
42.1
58.6

92.7
95.2
92.7
89.3
86.3
100.4

73.7
71.8
71.5
74.2
73.5
97.3

93.8
96.4
98.7
91.2
102.4
83.7

91.3
91.3
89.7
91.5
95.3
86.4

85.9
83.5
85.3
88.9
85.7
89.6

86.9
84.7
86.3
89.7
89.3
89.7

83.7
78.1
80.4
90.6
83.9
90.1

84.1
78.3
77.8
91.2
90.9
88.3

82.1
74.9
70.7
91.2
87.8
88.9

81.8
74.7
71.7
90.7

5.65

78.0

83.9

63.7

82.0

71.9

85.5

79.0

77.0

75.8

75.6

75.8

75.7

75.9
83.6
79.7
76.4

Item

SIC

Primary processing
Advanced processing
Durable
Lumber and products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metals
Iron and steel
Raw steel
Nonferrous
Primary copper
Primary aluminum

24
25
32

33
331,2
333–6,9
3331
3334

Fabricated metal products
34
Industrial machinery
and equipment
35
Computer and office equip.
357
Electrical machinery
36
Semiconductors and related
electronic components
3672–9

9.28
2.12
9.43

81.3
81.2
81.1

93.2
92.6
89.4

64.0
65.5
71.6

85.4
86.9
84.0

72.3
66.9
75.0

87.5
86.8
90.2

85.3
84.0
81.1

87.0
83.4
76.8

85.2
82.1
76.2

84.5
81.4
77.0

85.0
81.4
76.9

84.3
81.2
76.4

4.16

80.0

91.6

75.7

81.1

75.6

95.2

82.3

75.1

75.7

77.1

78.1

78.7

Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and parts
Autos and light trucks1
Aerospace and misc.
Instruments
Miscellaneous

75.9
76.8

372–6,9
38
39

9.82
5.54
2.60
4.27
4.97
1.38

75.0
81.7
75.6

84.8
95.0
94.6
81.9
92.7
79.4

57.2
45.5
40.6
66.6
78.4
65.4

85.8
89.1
92.3
87.3
81.4
79.0

68.5
55.9
53.3
79.2
77.2
71.7

77.9
87.9
92.5
69.1
77.5
79.7

80.5
81.7
86.8
78.9
80.7
80.1

69.3
58.3
55.3
83.8
80.0
78.3

83.3
83.4
90.2
83.5
80.1
77.6

81.5
80.9
86.5
82.6
80.8
77.0

82.0
80.9
88.8
83.7
81.2
76.2

81.0
80.1
87.5
82.5
80.2
75.1

80.2
79.5
86.8
81.4
80.4
75.9

20
22
23
26
261–3
27

38.58
8.93
1.55
1.95
3.19
1.25
6.51

83.4
83.0
85.7
81.1
89.2
92.4
85.8

87.5
84.6
91.2
87.5
96.1
98.3
93.9

76.4
79.1
72.3
77.5
80.6
82.0
82.0

87.3
85.4
90.4
85.1
93.5
98.0
91.7

80.7
82.7
77.7
75.5
85.0
89.9
79.6

84.8
84.4
93.0
85.5
93.0
97.0
82.2

83.4
82.3
84.1
76.1
89.4
94.7
85.2

81.7
81.0
83.9
74.8
87.7
93.5
82.4

80.9
80.0
82.8
74.2
87.0
92.6
81.7

80.2
79.6
82.3
73.5
85.7
91.4
81.3

80.5
80.5
83.4
73.0
86.7
92.4
81.2

80.8
81.7
82.3
71.8
86.2
91.3
81.3

80.6
81.1
81.8
71.6
86.0

Chemicals and products
28
Plastics materials
2821
Synthetic fibers
2823,4
Petroleum products
29
Rubber and plastics products
30
Leather and products
31

10.10
.72
.34
1.34
3.59
.27

79.5
86.6
85.0
86.6
84.5
80.8

84.6
90.9
98.6
90.0
91.2
92.1

69.9
63.4
64.4
66.8
72.7
75.8

86.2
97.0
99.7
88.5
89.6
83.3

79.3
74.8
77.6
85.1
77.4
76.1

80.4
102.7
90.3
93.1
91.0
85.4

80.1
93.6
88.1
95.4
85.5
66.9

77.9
91.6
85.5
97.2
84.4
63.9

76.7
92.9
85.0
97.7
83.7
62.8

75.9
87.1
85.5
94.7
83.7
62.4

76.2
89.1
81.7
94.5
83.9
62.0

76.2

76.3

79.6
96.9
84.5
62.5

97.5
84.7
61.7

10
12
13
138
14

5.96
.38
.85
4.15
.81
.58

87.5
79.1
86.6
88.6
74.2
84.8

96.0
87.9
99.4
97.3
104.3
92.7

80.3
44.4
76.6
82.3
50.9
63.3

88.0
89.4
91.5
88.2
69.3
89.0

87.0
79.9
83.4
88.7
60.0
79.4

88.9
89.4
90.8
89.5
73.8
91.6

89.0
88.1
90.7
89.1
85.0
85.7

87.2
86.3
87.3
87.1
74.2
86.2

86.3
88.9
84.7
86.4
71.7
85.1

85.2
86.8
89.3
84.2
69.1
82.1

84.6
90.6
85.3
84.1
66.8
80.8

84.2
91.3
83.6
82.7
64.3
87.0

83.6
90.9
87.9
81.0
59.4
85.1

491,3pt

5.77
4.65
1.13

87.3
89.2
82.4

89.1
88.2
93.7

75.9
78.9
69.1

92.6
95.0
85.0

83.4
87.1
67.1

93.6
96.3
87.8

89.9
92.2
80.6

93.7
96.7
81.2

95.1
97.8
84.0

95.0
98.8
79.6

92.7
96.9
75.2

89.9
94.7
69.8

91.3
95.7
72.7

8.50

80.3

90.9

77.3

81.9

72.4

89.7

81.4

77.4

77.1

77.6

77.6

77.1

76.8

79.77

81.2

87.0

68.0

86.1

76.8

83.9

82.7

80.2

81.3

80.6

80.9

80.7

80.5

Nondurable
Foods
Textile mill products
Apparel products
Paper and products
Pulp and paper
Printing and publishing

Mining
Metal mining
Coal mining
Oil and gas extraction
Oil and gas well drilling
Stone and earth minerals
Utilities
Electric
Gas 492,3pt

37
371

80.9

SPECIAL AGGREGATES
Computers, communications eq. and
semiconductors2
Manufacturing ex. computers,
communications eq., and
semiconductors2

1. Series begins in 1977.
2. Semiconductors include related electronic components.
Note—Primary processing manufacturing includes textile mill products, paper and products, industrial chemicals, synthetic materials, and fertilizers,
petroleum products, rubber and plastic products, lumber and products, primary metals, fabricated metals, and stone, clay, and glass products.
Advanced processing manufacturing includes foods, tobacco products, apparel products, printing and publishing, chemical products and other agricultural
chemicals, leather and products, furniture and fixtures, industrial machinery and equipment, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, instruments, and
miscellaneous manufactures.

8

Table 4
INDUSTRIAL CAPACITY: MANUFACTURING, MINING, AND UTILITIES

Item

SIC

Percent change
Annual rate
December to December
1967- 1967- 19751998 1975 1998
Ave.
Ave.
Ave. 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998p

Capacity indexes
Percent of 1992 output
1997
Dec.

1998
July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Total industry

3.1

3.8

2.8

3.8

5.5

5.7

5.1

5.0

156.3

160.9

161.5

162.2

162.8

163.5

164.1

Manufacturing

3.4

4.0

3.2

4.1

6.2

6.4

5.7

5.6

162.1

167.3

168.1

168.8

169.5

170.3

171.1

2.3
4.0

4.1
4.0

1.7
4.0

2.5
5.0

3.4
7.6

3.9
7.4

4.0
6.3

2.9
6.6

142.3
171.6

144.7
178.3

145.1
179.2

145.4
180.1

145.7
181.1

146.1
182.0

146.4
183.0

4.0
2.0
3.1
1.6

3.7
2.9
4.5
2.5

4.1
1.7
2.6
1.2

6.1
3.2
1.9
.0

9.7
3.0
2.6
6.2

9.6
4.0
6.2
4.7

8.5
4.2
4.9
2.7

7.8
2.8
1.6
.4

187.8
141.3
154.0
154.0

196.4
143.6
155.6
154.4

197.5
143.9
155.8
154.5

198.7
144.3
156.0
154.5

199.9
144.6
156.2
154.6

201.2
144.9
156.4
154.6

202.4
145.3
156.6
154.6

.5
–.2
–.5
1.7
.2
1.2

1.7
.7
.3
3.8
1.8
5.2

.0
–.5
–.8
.8
–.5
–.3

3.4
3.1
1.4
3.6
–1.6
.5

2.6
1.8
3.3
3.4
2.3
.0

3.8
5.3
2.7
2.0
–5.4
.4

3.4
3.8
6.1
2.8
–.1
.0

3.4
5.3
6.9
1.3
.9
.0

140.0
139.8
133.3
140.1
122.1
104.2

142.8
144.0
138.6
141.1
122.7
104.2

143.2
144.6
139.4
141.3
122.8
104.2

143.6
145.3
140.1
141.4
122.9
104.2

144.0
145.9
140.9
141.6
123.0
104.2

144.4
146.5
141.7
141.7
123.1
104.2

144.8
147.2
142.5
141.9
123.2
104.2

2.1

3.1

1.7

3.0

5.5

5.5

6.6

4.0

162.1

166.0

166.5

167.1

167.6

168.2

168.7

5.9
22.1
8.9

4.7
12.0
5.9

6.3
26.2
10.1

9.6
21.6
17.1

11.6
36.0
30.0

13.2
47.0
30.1

12.0
42.8
23.1

14.9
61.1
17.9

221.6
598.0
340.9

240.2
788.0
376.7

242.9
820.3
381.6

245.7
853.9
386.5

248.6
889.0
391.5

251.6
925.4
396.6

254.7
963.3
401.9

19.9

13.1

22.6

32.9

61.3

55.8

46.0

32.2

761.2

900.6

920.9

941.6

962.8

984.4

1007

37
371

2.6
3.3

3.0
4.4

2.5
2.8

372–6,9
38
39

1.6
4.6
2.1

1.1
7.6
4.4

1.8
3.5
1.3

2.8
5.9
4.3
–.5
1.8
1.5

4.3
8.4
4.3
–.3
2.7
1.8

2.3
3.5
–.9
.6
–.1
2.0

2.0
3.2
1.1
.2
1.5
1.8

2.1
2.4
2.8
1.5
2.5
1.9

154.2
182.0
154.4
126.7
138.9
149.7

156.1
184.6
157.1
127.8
140.8
151.4

156.4
184.9
157.4
128.0
141.1
151.6

156.6
185.3
157.8
128.2
141.4
151.8

156.9
185.6
158.1
128.3
141.7
152.1

157.2
186.0
158.4
128.5
142.0
152.3

157.4
186.3
158.7
128.7
142.3
152.6

20
22
23
26
261–3
27

2.8
2.3
2.2
1.2
2.8
2.4
2.7

4.3
3.0
4.4
2.3
3.9
2.9
3.0

2.1
2.1
1.4
.8
2.4
2.2
2.6

1.9
1.7
3.5
1.4
1.6
1.9
.6

2.2
2.2
1.8
2.3
2.7
3.0
.7

2.3
2.0
2.3
.6
2.8
1.5
.3

2.0
1.2
4.8
1.9
2.5
1.6
.1

2.6
3.0
.6
–.9
3.0
1.7
3.3

135.2
132.3
134.5
134.5
129.9
120.8
125.6

137.2
134.6
135.0
133.8
132.2
122.1
128.0

137.5
134.9
135.1
133.7
132.5
122.3
128.3

137.8
135.3
135.1
133.6
132.8
122.4
128.7

138.1
135.6
135.1
133.5
133.1
122.6
129.1

138.4
135.9
135.2
133.4
133.4
122.8
129.4

138.7
136.3
135.2
133.2
133.7
122.9
129.8

Chemicals and products
28
Plastics materials
2821
Synthetic fibers
2823,4
Petroleum products
29
Rubber and plastics products
30
Leather and products
31

3.7
6.3
3.7
1.5
5.5
–2.8

6.8
12.7
9.7
4.2
8.4
–1.5

2.6
4.0
1.5
.4
4.3
–3.3

2.5
6.2
.4
2.1
4.6
–1.4

2.9
4.8
.4
–.5
4.4
3.8

3.5
5.8
–.4
1.0
5.0
3.5

2.7
3.9
2.7
1.3
5.1
–4.0

2.4
3.6
2.9
1.1
4.8
.0

146.5
138.6
122.9
115.9
153.1
117.9

148.6
141.5
125.0
116.7
157.2
117.8

148.9
141.9
125.3
116.8
157.8
117.8

149.2
142.3
125.5
116.9
158.5
117.8

149.4
142.7
125.8
117.0
159.1
117.8

149.7
143.2
126.1
117.1
159.7
117.8

150.0
143.6
126.4
117.2
160.3
117.9

10
12
13
138
14

.2
1.3
2.4
–.4
.7
1.5

–.1
.5
2.4
–1.0
.8
2.6

.3
1.7
2.3
–.2
.7
1.0

1.0
–1.8
3.4
.4
–.6
2.3

–.6
1.0
.3
–1.2
–1.6
2.3

.7
1.5
1.8
.1
–1.2
3.8

1.5
3.1
1.7
.9
1.1
4.3

.9
.5
1.7
.4
2.0
4.1

119.5
122.1
128.0
114.7
175.9
142.3

120.0
122.6
129.3
114.9
177.9
145.5

120.1
122.6
129.5
114.9
178.2
146.0

120.2
122.6
129.6
115.0
178.5
146.5

120.4
122.7
129.8
115.1
178.8
147.0

120.5
122.7
130.0
115.1
179.1
147.5

120.6
122.7
130.2
115.2
179.4
148.1

491,3pt

2.7
3.7
.4

6.1
7.8
2.3

1.4
2.1
–.3

1.1
1.0
.4

1.8
2.4
.5

1.9
1.9
2.2

.1
–.3
1.9

.8
.7
1.5

125.8
123.4
136.4

126.4
123.9
137.6

126.5
124.0
137.7

126.6
124.1
137.9

126.6
124.2
138.1

126.7
124.3
138.2

126.8
124.3
138.4

16.3

9.5

19.0

23.8

42.7

46.4

36.6

34.7

554.9

661.0

677.3

694.1

711.3

729.1

747.4

2.4

3.7

1.9

2.6

3.3

2.9

2.7

2.6

143.8

146.0

146.3

146.6

147.0

147.3

147.6

Primary processing
Advanced processing
Durable
Lumber and products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metals
Iron and steel
Raw steel
Nonferrous
Primary copper
Primary aluminum

24
25
32

33
331,2
333–6,9
3331
3334

Fabricated metal products
34
Industrial machinery
and equipment
35
Computer and office equip.
357
Electrical machinery
36
Semiconductors and related
electronic components
3672–9
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and parts
Autos and light trucks1
Aerospace and misc.
Instruments
Miscellaneous

Nondurable
Foods
Textile mill products
Apparel products
Paper and products
Pulp and paper
Printing and publishing

Mining
Metal mining
Coal mining
Oil and gas extraction
Oil and gas well drilling
Stone and earth minerals
Utilities
Electric
Gas 492,3pt
SPECIAL AGGREGATES

Computers, communications eq. and
semiconductors2
Manufacturing ex. computers,
communications eq., and
semiconductors2

p. Preliminary estimate for current year.
1. Series begins in 1977.
2. Semiconductors include related electronic components.

9

Table 5A
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, CAPACITY AND UTILIZATION FOR TOTAL INDUSTRY: HISTORICAL DATA
Seasonally adjusted
Year

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Annual

Industrial
Production,
Percent
Change1
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990

.6
–.6
.1
.6
–.5

–.7
1.2
.3
–.8
.5

–1.0
.4
.0
.9
.5

.8
.4
.6
.2
–.6

–.2
.4
.1
–.6
.4

–.3
.9
.1
–.2
.0

.3
.6
.7
–1.0
.0

.3
.1
.5
.4
.2

–.1
–.1
–.4
–.2
.1

.9
1.4
.3
–.5
–.6

.5
.3
.8
.4
–1.3

.9
.6
.5
.5
–.6

2.0
4.2
3.2
3.8
2.0

–1.7
6.7
3.1
.5
.6

.7
5.6
3.9
–4.4
1.0

6.5
7.1
3.6
–.1
–5.8

1.1
4.6
4.5
1.8
–.2

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

–.5
.2
.5
.2
.5

–.8
.6
.5
.5
–.1

–.9
.7
.2
.7
.2

.3
.7
.4
.4
–.1

.8
.2
–.5
.7
.3

1.2
–.1
.2
.5
.4

.1
.8
.2
.3
–.3

.1
–.3
–.4
.5
1.1

1.0
.4
1.0
.2
.3

–.1
.6
.4
.7
.0

–.1
.5
.5
.8
.2

–.6
.1
.8
1.1
.0

–8.3
1.3
4.3
6.1
6.3

1.5
6.1
1.5
7.1
1.3

6.2
2.7
1.2
5.2
3.5

1.1
4.6
6.4
7.6
3.0

–2.0
3.1
3.5
5.4
4.9

1996
1997
1998

–.2
.5
.0

1.3
.7
–.1

–.2
.4
.4

1.2
.6
.5

.9
.3
.4

.7
.5
–.9

.2
.7
–.1

.5
.6
1.4

.1
.5
–.4

.1
.6
.5

.6
.5
–.1

.3
.3
.2

2.8
6.6
1.6

9.6
6.0
2.8

5.5
7.2
.9

3.5
6.6
3.2

4.5
6.0
3.7

Industrial
Production
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990

89.6
90.2
95.9
99.8
98.6

89.0
91.2
96.2
99.0
99.1

88.1
91.6
96.3
100.0
99.6

88.7
92.0
96.8
100.2
99.0

88.6
92.4
96.9
99.6
99.4

88.2
93.2
97.0
99.4
99.3

88.5
93.7
97.6
98.4
99.3

88.8
93.8
98.1
98.8
99.5

88.7
93.7
97.8
98.6
99.6

89.5
95.0
98.0
98.2
99.1

89.9
95.3
98.8
98.6
97.7

90.8
95.9
99.3
99.0
97.2

88.9
91.0
96.1
99.6
99.1

88.5
92.5
96.9
99.7
99.2

88.7
93.8
97.8
98.6
99.5

90.1
95.4
98.7
98.6
98.0

89.0
93.2
97.4
99.1
98.9

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

96.7
97.7
102.3
105.9
113.4

95.9
98.2
102.7
106.4
113.4

95.0
98.9
102.9
107.2
113.6

95.4
99.6
103.3
107.6
113.4

96.1
99.9
102.7
108.4
113.8

97.2
99.7
103.0
108.9
114.3

97.3
100.5
103.2
109.3
113.9

97.4
100.2
102.8
109.8
115.1

98.4
100.6
103.9
110.0
115.4

98.3
101.2
104.3
110.8
115.5

98.1
101.7
104.8
111.6
115.7

97.5
101.8
105.7
112.9
115.8

95.9
98.3
102.6
106.5
113.5

96.2
99.8
103.0
108.3
113.8

97.7
100.4
103.3
109.7
114.8

98.0
101.5
104.9
111.7
115.7

97.0
100.0
103.5
109.1
114.4

1996
1997
1998

115.5
123.0
130.3

117.0
123.9
130.2

116.8
124.4
130.7

118.2
125.1
131.3

119.2
125.5
131.9

120.0
126.1
130.6

120.3
127.0
130.5

120.9
127.8
132.4

121.1
128.5
131.9

121.2
129.3
132.6

121.9
129.9
132.5

122.3
130.3
132.8

116.5
123.7
130.4

119.2
125.6
131.3

120.8
127.8
131.6

121.8
129.8
132.6

119.5
126.8
131.4

112.2
114.0
115.3
116.8
119.2

112.4
114.1
115.5
117.0
119.3

112.6
114.2
115.6
117.2
119.5

112.7
114.3
115.7
117.4
119.7

112.9
114.4
115.8
117.6
119.9

113.0
114.5
115.9
117.8
120.1

113.2
114.6
116.0
118.0
120.2

113.3
114.7
116.2
118.2
120.4

113.5
114.9
116.3
118.4
120.6

113.6
115.0
116.4
118.6
120.8

113.7
115.1
116.5
118.8
121.0

113.9
115.2
116.7
119.0
121.2

112.4
114.1
115.5
117.0
119.3

112.9
114.4
115.8
117.6
119.9

113.3
114.7
116.2
118.2
120.4

113.7
115.1
116.5
118.8
121.0

113.1
114.6
116.0
117.9
120.2

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

121.4
123.4
125.9
128.9
133.9

121.6
123.6
126.2
129.3
134.5

121.7
123.8
126.4
129.7
135.1

121.9
124.0
126.6
130.1
135.7

122.1
124.2
126.9
130.5
136.4

122.2
124.5
127.1
130.9
137.0

122.4
124.7
127.4
131.3
137.6

122.6
124.9
127.6
131.7
138.2

122.7
125.1
127.8
132.1
138.8

122.9
125.3
128.1
132.6
139.5

123.0
125.5
128.3
133.0
140.1

123.2
125.7
128.6
133.4
140.8

121.6
123.6
126.2
129.3
134.5

122.1
124.2
126.9
130.5
136.4

122.6
124.9
127.6
131.7
138.2

123.0
125.5
128.3
133.0
140.1

122.3
124.5
127.2
131.1
137.3

1996
1997
1998

141.4
149.4
157.0

142.1
150.1
157.6

142.8
150.7
158.3

143.4
151.3
158.9

144.1
152.0
159.6

144.8
152.6
160.3

145.5
153.2
160.9

146.1
153.8
161.5

146.8
154.4
162.2

147.4
155.0
162.8

148.1
155.7
163.5

148.8
156.3
164.1

142.1
150.1
157.6

144.1
152.0
159.6

146.1
153.8
161.5

148.1
155.7
163.5

145.1
152.9
160.5

79.8
79.1
83.2
85.4
82.7

79.2
80.0
83.4
84.6
83.0

78.2
80.2
83.3
85.3
83.3

78.7
80.5
83.7
85.3
82.7

78.4
80.7
83.7
84.7
82.9

78.1
81.4
83.6
84.4
82.7

78.2
81.8
84.1
83.4
82.6

78.3
81.8
84.5
83.6
82.6

78.2
81.6
84.1
83.3
82.6

78.8
82.6
84.2
82.8
82.0

79.1
82.8
84.8
83.0
80.8

79.7
83.2
85.1
83.2
80.2

79.1
79.8
83.3
85.1
83.0

78.4
80.8
83.7
84.8
82.8

78.2
81.7
84.2
83.4
82.6

79.2
82.9
84.7
83.0
81.0

78.7
81.3
84.0
84.1
82.3

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

79.6
79.2
81.2
82.1
84.7

78.9
79.5
81.4
82.3
84.3

78.1
79.9
81.4
82.6
84.1

78.2
80.3
81.5
82.7
83.5

78.7
80.4
81.0
83.1
83.4

79.6
80.1
81.0
83.2
83.4

79.5
80.6
81.0
83.2
82.7

79.5
80.2
80.6
83.4
83.3

80.2
80.4
81.3
83.3
83.1

80.0
80.8
81.4
83.5
82.8

79.8
81.0
81.7
83.9
82.6

79.2
81.0
82.2
84.6
82.3

78.9
79.5
81.3
82.4
84.3

78.8
80.3
81.2
83.0
83.5

79.7
80.4
81.0
83.3
83.1

79.6
80.9
81.8
84.0
82.6

79.3
80.3
81.3
83.2
83.4

1996
1997
1998

81.7
82.3
83.0

82.4
82.6
82.6

81.8
82.5
82.6

82.4
82.7
82.6

82.7
82.6
82.6

82.9
82.6
81.5

82.7
82.9
81.1

82.8
83.1
82.0

82.5
83.2
81.3

82.2
83.4
81.4

82.3
83.4
81.0

82.2
83.4
80.9

82.0
82.5
82.7

82.7
82.6
82.3

82.7
83.1
81.5

82.2
83.4
81.1

82.4
82.9
81.9

Capacity
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990

Utilization
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990

1. Quarterly percent changes are at annual rates. Annual percent changes are calculated from annual averages.

10

Table 5B
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, CAPACITY AND UTILIZATION FOR MANUFACTURING: HISTORICAL DATA
Seasonally adjusted
Year

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Annual

Industrial
Production,
Percent
Change1
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990

1.5
–.8
–.2
.9
–.2

–.5
1.6
.4
–1.2
.9

–.9
.2
–.1
.8
.3

1.4
.5
1.0
.1
–.8

–.1
.3
–.1
–.7
.4

–.3
1.0
.0
.0
–.1

.3
.7
.7
–1.1
.0

.6
–.2
.3
.3
.3

.0
.1
.2
–.3
–.1

.8
1.3
.2
–.6
–.6

.4
.5
.9
.4
–1.3

1.2
.6
.6
.1
–.6

4.5
5.0
2.3
4.3
2.9

1.7
7.0
4.1
–.7
–.1

1.7
5.5
3.7
–4.5
.8

6.7
7.6
5.2
–1.4
–6.3

2.8
5.3
4.7
1.9
–.5

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

–.9
.3
.9
.1
.6

–.7
.7
.2
.6
–.2

–1.1
.8
.2
.9
.2

.3
.6
.6
.7
–.1

.7
.4
–.4
.8
.1

1.4
.0
.0
.2
.5

.2
.7
.2
.5
–.5

.2
–.2
–.5
.6
.9

1.1
.3
1.2
.3
.7

–.1
.5
.4
.8
.1

–.2
.6
.5
.9
.1

–.5
–.1
.9
1.1
.1

–9.7
2.7
4.9
6.3
6.7

1.2
6.8
2.1
8.8
1.1

7.8
3.4
.5
5.8
2.9

1.7
4.0
6.9
9.2
3.8

–2.4
4.0
3.7
6.0
5.4

1996
1997
1998

–.3
.5
.1

1.3
.9
–.1

–.3
.5
.3

1.4
.6
.6

1.0
.3
.3

.8
.7
–1.2

.5
.7
–.1

.5
.8
1.6

.2
.4
–.4

.0
.6
.8

.7
.8
.1

.4
.3
.2

2.1
7.2
2.4

10.6
6.6
2.5

7.0
7.7
.4

3.9
7.5
5.1

4.7
6.8
4.2

Industrial
Production
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990

87.9
89.6
95.4
100.3
98.1

87.4
91.0
95.8
99.1
99.0

86.6
91.2
95.7
99.9
99.3

87.8
91.6
96.7
100.0
98.6

87.7
91.9
96.6
99.4
99.0

87.5
92.8
96.6
99.4
98.9

87.7
93.4
97.3
98.3
98.8

88.2
93.3
97.5
98.7
99.1

88.2
93.4
97.7
98.4
99.0

88.9
94.6
97.9
97.8
98.4

89.3
95.1
98.9
98.2
97.2

90.3
95.6
99.4
98.3
96.6

87.3
90.6
95.6
99.8
98.8

87.7
92.1
96.6
99.6
98.8

88.0
93.4
97.5
98.5
99.0

89.5
95.1
98.7
98.1
97.4

88.1
92.8
97.1
99.0
98.5

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

95.8
97.4
102.6
106.1
115.0

95.1
98.1
102.8
106.7
114.8

94.1
98.9
103.0
107.6
115.1

94.4
99.5
103.6
108.4
115.0

95.0
99.9
103.2
109.3
115.1

96.3
99.9
103.2
109.5
115.7

96.6
100.6
103.4
110.1
115.1

96.8
100.4
102.9
110.7
116.2

97.8
100.7
104.1
111.1
117.0

97.8
101.2
104.5
112.0
117.1

97.6
101.8
105.1
113.0
117.2

97.1
101.7
106.0
114.3
117.3

95.0
98.1
102.8
106.8
115.0

95.2
99.7
103.3
109.1
115.3

97.0
100.6
103.5
110.7
116.1

97.5
101.6
105.2
113.1
117.2

96.2
100.0
103.7
109.9
115.9

1996
1997
1998

116.9
125.3
133.8

118.4
126.4
133.7

118.1
127.0
134.1

119.7
127.7
134.9

120.9
128.1
135.4

121.8
129.0
133.7

122.4
129.8
133.6

123.0
130.8
135.7

123.3
131.4
135.2

123.3
132.2
136.3

124.2
133.3
136.5

124.7
133.7
136.7

117.8
126.2
133.8

120.8
128.3
134.7

122.9
130.7
134.8

124.1
133.1
136.5

121.4
129.7
135.1

111.0
113.2
115.2
117.0
119.9

111.2
113.4
115.3
117.3
120.1

111.4
113.6
115.4
117.5
120.3

111.6
113.8
115.6
117.8
120.5

111.7
113.9
115.7
118.0
120.7

111.9
114.1
115.8
118.3
120.9

112.1
114.2
116.0
118.5
121.1

112.3
114.4
116.1
118.7
121.3

112.5
114.6
116.3
119.0
121.5

112.7
114.7
116.5
119.2
121.7

112.9
114.9
116.6
119.5
122.0

113.0
115.0
116.8
119.7
122.2

111.2
113.4
115.3
117.3
120.1

111.7
113.9
115.7
118.0
120.7

112.3
114.4
116.1
118.7
121.3

112.9
114.9
116.6
119.5
122.0

112.0
114.1
115.9
118.4
121.0

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

122.4
124.5
127.4
130.7
136.3

122.6
124.8
127.6
131.1
137.0

122.8
125.0
127.9
131.6
137.7

123.0
125.2
128.2
132.0
138.4

123.1
125.5
128.4
132.5
139.1

123.3
125.7
128.7
132.9
139.8

123.5
125.9
129.0
133.4
140.5

123.7
126.2
129.3
133.8
141.2

123.8
126.4
129.5
134.3
141.9

124.0
126.6
129.8
134.8
142.6

124.2
126.9
130.1
135.2
143.4

124.3
127.1
130.3
135.7
144.2

122.6
124.8
127.6
131.1
137.0

123.1
125.5
128.4
132.5
139.1

123.7
126.2
129.3
133.8
141.2

124.2
126.9
130.1
135.2
143.4

123.4
125.8
128.8
133.2
140.2

1996
1997
1998

144.9
154.1
162.8

145.7
154.8
163.5

146.4
155.5
164.3

147.2
156.2
165.1

148.0
157.0
165.8

148.8
157.8
166.6

149.5
158.4
167.3

150.3
159.1
168.1

151.0
159.9
168.8

151.8
160.6
169.5

152.5
161.3
170.3

153.3
162.1
171.1

145.7
154.8
163.5

148.0
157.0
165.8

150.3
159.1
168.1

152.5
161.3
170.3

149.1
158.1
166.9

79.1
79.1
82.9
85.7
81.8

78.6
80.2
83.1
84.5
82.5

77.8
80.3
82.9
85.0
82.6

78.7
80.6
83.7
85.0
81.8

78.5
80.7
83.5
84.2
82.0

78.1
81.4
83.4
84.1
81.8

78.2
81.8
83.8
83.0
81.6

78.6
81.5
84.0
83.1
81.7

78.4
81.5
84.0
82.7
81.5

78.9
82.5
84.1
82.1
80.9

79.1
82.8
84.8
82.2
79.7

79.9
83.1
85.1
82.1
79.0

78.5
79.9
83.0
85.1
82.3

78.5
80.9
83.5
84.4
81.9

78.4
81.6
83.9
82.9
81.6

79.3
82.8
84.7
82.1
79.9

78.7
81.3
83.8
83.6
81.4

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

78.2
78.2
80.5
81.2
84.4

77.5
78.6
80.6
81.4
83.8

76.6
79.1
80.5
81.8
83.6

76.8
79.4
80.8
82.2
83.1

77.1
79.6
80.4
82.5
82.8

78.1
79.5
80.1
82.4
82.7

78.2
79.9
80.1
82.6
81.9

78.2
79.6
79.6
82.8
82.3

79.0
79.7
80.4
82.7
82.4

78.9
79.9
80.5
83.1
82.1

78.6
80.2
80.8
83.6
81.7

78.1
80.0
81.4
84.2
81.3

77.5
78.6
80.5
81.5
83.9

77.3
79.5
80.4
82.4
82.9

78.5
79.7
80.0
82.7
82.2

78.5
80.1
80.9
83.6
81.7

77.9
79.5
80.5
82.5
82.7

1996
1997
1998

80.7
81.3
82.2

81.3
81.7
81.8

80.6
81.7
81.6

81.3
81.7
81.7

81.7
81.6
81.6

81.9
81.7
80.2

81.9
81.9
79.8

81.8
82.2
80.7

81.6
82.2
80.1

81.2
82.3
80.4

81.4
82.6
80.1

81.3
82.5
79.9

80.9
81.6
81.8

81.6
81.7
81.2

81.8
82.1
80.2

81.3
82.5
80.2

81.4
82.0
80.9

Capacity
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990

Utilization
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990

1. Quarterly percent changes are at annual rates. Annual percent changes are calculated from annual averages.

11

Table 6
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: INDUSTRY SUBTOTALS AND INDIVIDUAL SERIES
Index, 1992 = 100
Item

SIC

1997
IP
Proportion

Seasonally adjusted
1998
June

July

Not seasonally adjusted

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

1998
June

July

Aug. Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

10
101
102–4,8,9
102

.39
.06
.33
.11

108.0
117.5
106.6
99.2

105.7
111.1
105.1
103.1

109.0
115.9
108.0
109.2

106.4
109.3
106.2
104.0

111.1
111.8
111.3
102.8

112.0
109.5
112.8
113.5

111.9
123.4
110.1
104.2

106.4
114.8
105.1
104.0

111.2
125.5
108.8
112.2

110.6
117.8
109.6
105.8

111.5
111.5
111.9
103.6

111.3
113.9
111.2
111.1

12

.85

110.4

112.8

109.7

115.8

110.8

108.6

107.3

109.9

111.8

116.7

116.6

107.5

13
131
132
138

4.08
3.01
1.61
1.41
.21
.86

100.4
95.1
86.1
107.6
103.3
136.7

100.0
96.2
87.9
107.8
94.2
131.9

99.2
95.7
86.4
108.5
102.1
127.7

96.8
93.5
82.3
109.1
100.5
123.4

96.8
94.4
84.1
108.7
101.6
119.4

95.2
93.2
84.3
105.6
102.1
115.2

99.8
94.3
85.3
106.9
102.7
137.3

99.4
94.9
86.3
106.8
93.9
134.5

98.3
94.2
85.1
107.0
101.4
129.4

96.6
92.8
82.2
107.5
101.7
125.8

96.3
93.5
84.5
106.1
102.6
120.0

96.4
94.5
84.8
107.9
103.3
116.4

14

.62

125.6

125.4

124.3

120.3

118.8

128.3

146.1

146.9

148.2

138.4

136.0

128.4

20
201

202
2021
2022
2023
2024
2026

8.95
1.17
.38
.30
.48
.01
.78
.01
.17
.15
.14
.31

109.2
114.2
110.4
106.6
124.6
74.4
103.6
84.1
114.2
98.4
111.9
98.7

109.0
117.1
111.0
113.2
126.6
75.0
103.3
83.4
112.9
97.0
113.7
98.5

107.9
116.9
112.8
111.9
125.4
74.6
103.4
82.9
111.8
96.6
116.1
98.4

107.7
115.8
110.5
109.4
126.5
75.6
103.6
78.6
107.3
93.5
126.2
98.5

109.2
118.8
112.7
112.0
130.8
75.2
104.8
86.5
111.3
102.2
115.2
99.5

111.1
120.5
113.9
116.1
130.9
72.7
106.0
95.3
116.5
102.8
112.1
100.6

111.5
116.6
117.5
100.8
128.1
72.3
113.0
71.8
118.1
109.9
143.2
101.8

111.9
113.0
111.0
102.5
123.2
69.2
105.8
63.7
109.1
94.5
139.8
97.5

114.7
119.1
118.9
107.3
128.6
71.9
101.3
62.1
106.1
82.8
134.3
95.9

115.4
117.8
114.8
111.1
125.8
76.0
97.1
66.3
106.7
73.1
121.7
95.0

114.4
124.1
114.4
120.2
135.9
76.0
96.8
80.5
110.6
83.4
99.9
96.1

110.6
119.6
109.3
122.6
126.6
73.8
96.9
89.9
116.3
86.0
87.5
97.0

203
204
205
206
207
208
2082,3
2086,7
209
2095

1.21
1.02
1.03
.63
.22
1.78
.57
.98
1.11
.17

105.2
102.9
103.3
110.8
105.1
116.7
102.6
127.9
113.7
94.7

104.6
104.2
104.5
109.7
107.0
114.4
98.9
126.0
111.9
95.0

99.2
101.6
101.8
110.3
104.3
116.5
101.9
128.0
111.4
97.9

99.3
99.0
102.8
108.0
107.2
116.5
104.9
126.3
112.5
99.8

99.6
101.1
103.9
107.4
106.2
118.5
100.5
132.6
115.1
103.1

101.0
101.6
105.7
107.2
105.4
122.3
107.1
135.0
118.5

103.3
101.2
108.0
100.4
101.3
125.6
116.8
135.8
115.8
83.8

107.8
103.5
113.8
97.5
98.8
123.7
109.4
140.8
119.4
88.0

114.7
103.0
113.1
106.2
97.9
128.0
107.2
146.2
122.0
97.9

121.0
103.6
114.9
111.7
104.0
125.1
100.0
145.2
122.0
91.1

111.3
104.6
108.0
125.6
110.4
122.5
95.2
139.3
119.9
108.1

100.6
104.1
103.1
125.1
112.2
117.4
94.4
129.7
118.2

21

1.32

104.7

106.0

107.0

104.2

101.9

99.8

115.9

91.3

115.6

109.4

111.3

98.8

Textile mill products
22
Fabrics
221–4
Cotton and synthetic
221,2
Narrow fabrics
224
Knit goods
225
Knit garments
2253,4,7–9
Fabric finishing
226
Carpeting
227
Yarns and miscellaneous
228,9
Cotton and synthetic yarns 2281,2,4

1.60
.40
.33
.04
.45
.32
.14
.20
.41
.19

112.0
108.8
110.9
112.5
118.1
118.0
97.7
107.1
117.1
105.0

113.2
108.3
110.1
114.4
117.6
117.6
96.3
118.5
117.8
107.7

111.8
102.9
103.6
114.7
120.0
121.5
94.1
113.6
118.4
106.4

111.2
104.7
105.5
115.8
121.0
124.7
94.7
107.1
116.1
101.0

112.7
105.5

111.3
105.1

118.1
116.5
116.4

111.4
114.7
99.7

114.7
103.4
105.2
115.7
131.4
141.0
92.7
113.0
117.8
102.7

116.3
129.1
126.8

116.3
118.4
106.7

116.2
104.3
105.8
115.9
129.4
140.2
98.1
117.6
120.8
109.6

109.5
104.6

117.5
120.8
123.1

110.2
100.8
101.6
109.9
119.3
122.7
87.5
122.5
112.6
100.2

119.1
110.5

115.5
119.1
121.6

117.3
109.8
110.5
115.9
131.7
128.7
96.9
113.3
119.8
107.0

128.7
119.9
108.6

104.5
114.5
98.7

Apparel products

23

1.83

100.5

100.1

99.2

98.3

97.4

95.7

102.8

98.7

102.5

100.0

98.7

95.9

24
241,2
241
243–5,9
243
2435,6
245

2.11
.85
.30
1.26
.67
.13
.22

116.7
107.3
93.4
123.9
120.3
100.7
146.1

117.5
107.5
93.5
125.0
121.3
103.0
151.1

118.5
110.9
93.4
124.3
120.5
100.3
145.7

117.0
107.0
91.6
124.6
120.7
101.4
147.8

117.9
108.3
92.2
125.1
121.1
100.5
150.9

118.9
108.2
91.2
126.9
123.1
103.4
154.6

121.1
112.5
96.1
127.7
123.9
104.5
157.7

116.4
106.1
98.3
124.2
124.1
102.3
140.0

122.7
115.3
100.4
128.4
124.4
103.8
161.1

120.3
111.4
94.7
127.0
122.0
103.5
156.9

123.4
114.5
99.1
130.2
124.0
103.9
167.6

118.4
107.8
93.1
126.4
124.6
100.6
149.4

Metal mining
Iron ore
Nonferrous ores
Copper
Coal mining
Oil and gas extraction
Crude oil and natural gas
Crude oil, total
Natural gas
Natural gas liquids
Oil and gas well drilling
Stone and earth minerals

Foods
Meat products
Beef
Pork
Poultry
Miscellaneous meats
Dairy products
Butter
Cheese
Concentrated milk
Frozen desserts
Milk and misc. dairy products
Canned and frozen food
Grain mill products
Bakery products
Sugar and confectionery
Fats and oils
Beverages
Beer and ale
Soft drinks
Coffee and miscellaneous
Roasted coffee

Tobacco products

Lumber and products
Logging and lumber
Logging
Lumber products
Millwork and plywood
Plywood
Manufactured homes

1. The IP proportion data are estimates of the industries’ relative contributions to overall IP growth in the following year.

12

Table 6 (continued)
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: INDUSTRY SUBTOTALS AND INDIVIDUAL SERIES
Index, 1992 = 100
Item

SIC

1997
IP
Proportion1

Seasonally adjusted
1998
June

July

Not seasonally adjusted

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

1998
June

July

Aug. Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

25
251

1.38
.62

122.0
120.4

120.8
116.9

120.1
117.8

121.6
119.4

123.8
120.3

123.9
121.0

123.7
121.9

120.1
110.7

128.4
123.6

127.6
123.5

125.0
121.7

122.7
119.5

26
261–3
261
262
263
265,7
265
267

3.50
1.45
.10
.90
.45
2.04
.73
1.31

114.9
113.5
100.6
111.4
121.3
115.8
117.6
114.9

115.9
114.1
101.7
112.0
121.8
117.2
118.7
116.4

115.3
113.2
100.0
112.3
118.7
116.8
118.3
116.0

113.9
111.9
98.1
111.6
116.2
115.2
117.1
114.3

115.4
113.3
96.0
113.5
117.2
116.9
114.3
118.4

115.0
112.1

115.7
114.4
104.7
111.6
122.5
116.6
117.5
116.0

116.2
114.0
101.1
113.0
119.1
117.7
119.7
116.6

113.8
111.5
97.7
110.5
116.8
115.5
119.7
113.2

117.3
113.1
95.9
113.0
117.3
120.3
126.1
117.1

113.5
111.4

117.1
120.1
115.6

115.9
114.3
100.3
111.5
123.4
117.1
121.8
114.4

Printing and publishing
27
Newspapers
271
Periodicals, books, and cards 272,3,7
Job printing
274–6,8,9

6.74
1.60
2.10
3.05

105.5
98.4
105.9
109.1

105.4
97.3
106.7
108.9

104.9
97.3
108.0
106.8

104.6
97.5
106.7
107.0

104.8
98.6
105.2
107.8

105.3
98.7
104.8
109.1

106.0
96.6
104.9
111.8

108.5
94.4
106.3
117.9

109.3
92.5
108.9
118.9

109.1
98.1
105.7
117.3

107.9
107.1
103.5
110.9

105.8
105.3
104.5
106.5

Chemicals and products
Industrial chemicals and
synthetic materials
Basic chemicals
Alkalies and chlorine
Inorganic pigments
Inorganic chemicals, nec
Acids and other

28

9.82

116.2

115.7

114.3

113.3

113.9

114.0

119.1

120.6

119.4

119.1

115.7

110.4

281,2,6
281
2812
2816
2819

3.54
.81
.08
.10
.50
.37

111.1
90.4
109.8
109.9
83.0
109.7

110.1
87.2
115.1
103.6
78.6
109.5

108.9
84.3
115.5
101.8
74.5
102.0

107.8
84.6
113.8
104.9
74.7
95.6

107.7
87.0
116.7
100.5
78.8

107.6
88.8
117.0

111.9
92.3
110.7
113.8
85.3
113.3

109.5
86.2
115.9
103.7
77.3
107.3

107.9
85.3
117.0
98.7
76.2
104.8

108.5
85.8
114.1
103.1
76.4
98.4

107.8
88.5
116.4
99.1
81.1

106.4
89.2
116.3

282
2821
2823,4
286

1.27
.80
.36
1.46

119.4
126.5
107.5
117.5

121.2
129.6
106.8
115.6

121.8
131.8
106.4
114.1

118.9
123.9
107.3
113.7

118.8
127.2
102.9

119.0

120.2
127.9
106.9
115.7

119.0
128.8
103.4
113.2

119.8
125.1
108.2
113.8

120.0
127.8
106.3

116.9

100.4

120.7
127.4
108.8
117.0

283–5,9
283
284
285
287

5.66
3.06
1.58
.43
.62

120.4
121.0
126.0
99.7
108.8

119.8
120.6
124.9
100.7
112.2

117.8
116.9
122.8
108.7
113.0

117.1
116.8
120.1
110.5
111.0

118.0
117.3
121.6
110.6
112.3

118.6
119.0
120.2
110.2
110.7

125.5
127.5
128.2
115.4
106.7

129.4
131.8
134.7
106.6
109.4

128.0
129.7
132.2
114.3
111.2

127.2
129.4
130.7
112.4
110.7

121.3
121.7
124.3
112.6
113.1

112.6
113.5
114.1
97.5
112.5

Petroleum products
29
Petroleum refining and misc.
291,9
Miscellaneous petroleum products
Distillate fuel oil
Residual fuel oil
Aviation fuel and kerosene
Automotive gasoline
Paving and roofing materials
295

1.56
1.39
.29
.27
.04
.13
.65
.18

111.6
109.9
107.8
117.8
87.9
112.3
109.1
124.2

113.4
111.6
112.1
121.9
93.0
106.5
109.7
127.3

114.1
111.9
113.1
117.1
88.4
116.3
110.3
131.7

110.7
108.1
112.2
111.6
83.8
105.2
107.2
131.8

110.6
108.2
112.9
105.1
78.6
107.0
109.7
129.9

113.5
111.3
113.6

118.3
115.7
127.1
120.5
87.7
107.8
112.5
139.2

119.5
116.0
128.6
116.8
87.2
117.7
112.0
148.5

115.7
111.7
123.1
114.3
84.0
107.1
108.8
148.2

111.9
107.8
112.4
108.4
74.9
106.7
108.5
145.7

115.1
111.9
103.5

131.0

116.3
114.2
121.5
118.6
83.9
111.4
112.4
132.6

142.1

Rubber and plastics products
30
Tires
301
Other rubber products
302,5,6
Plastics products, nec
308

3.75
.33
.61
2.81

132.4
121.1
126.1
135.5

132.7
125.9
123.6
135.8

132.2
133.6
121.0
134.8

132.6
126.0
124.5
135.5

133.5
125.3
125.9
136.4

134.9
131.4
129.2
136.9

134.5
125.9
129.4
136.9

128.2
109.8
123.8
131.7

133.5
136.9
127.9
134.6

133.4
127.6
129.9
135.1

135.4
132.9
129.0
137.4

135.5
128.9
127.1
138.4

31
314

.22
.09

74.5
67.3

75.3
67.3

74.0
65.9

73.5
65.5

73.1
63.9

73.7
65.8

76.7
69.5

72.4
65.5

75.4
68.4

74.0
66.1

74.4
66.1

74.1
66.5

Stone, clay, and glass products 32
Pressed and blown glass
322
Glass containers
3221
Cement
324
Structural clay products
325
Concrete and miscellaneous
326–9

2.35
.32
.12
.19
.11
1.40

123.5
108.4
80.3
124.4
127.6
125.0

125.4
107.8
81.8
127.5
128.5
128.8

127.0
107.7
82.1
124.0
128.7
131.3

126.6
111.2
84.9
125.3
128.5
129.4

127.6
110.3
83.1
125.0
128.3
130.7

129.3
112.8
87.6

127.9
111.1
84.7
150.2
136.8
127.4

127.1
110.0
85.2
147.3
124.1
128.4

132.2
111.8
85.9
150.8
135.6
133.9

131.7
112.3
82.7
148.8
130.8
133.0

132.2
113.4
85.6
152.6
130.6
132.8

129.3
111.5
84.4

Furniture and fixtures
Household furniture
Paper and products
Pulp and paper
Wood pulp
Paper
Paperboard
Paper products
Paperboard containers
Converted paper products

Synthetic materials
Plastics materials
Synthetic fibers
Industrial organic chemicals
Chemical products
Drugs and medicines
Soap and toiletries
Paints
Agricultural chemicals

Leather and products
Shoes

81.2

128.1
133.4

1. The IP proportion data are estimates of the industries’ relative contributions to overall IP growth in the following year.

13

114.9
114.5
115.1

82.3

99.0

124.6
134.7

Table 6 (continued)
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: INDUSTRY SUBTOTALS AND INDIVIDUAL SERIES
Index, 1992 = 100
Item

Primary metals
Iron and steel
Basic steel and mill products
Basic iron and steel
Pig iron
Raw steel

1997
IP
SIC Proportion1

33
331,2
331

Seasonally adjusted
1998
June

July

3.61
1.96
1.50
.30
.17
.09

122.1
119.8
118.0
103.1
101.1
116.0

Not seasonally adjusted

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

1998
June

July

122.6
120.2
119.6
105.9
104.5
118.3

124.4
122.5
122.5
107.2
105.5
120.3

120.1
113.4
110.7
100.2
97.7
112.6

121.0
114.3
112.7
99.5
98.0
109.7

118.6
109.7
106.9
91.9
89.4
100.2

123.0
120.8
119.5
103.2
101.3
116.1

117.6
116.4
116.6
102.0
100.7
112.3

121.7
118.6
118.6
104.5
102.6
116.3

122.4
113.9
114.0
151.4
102.9
122.6
125.5

123.6
107.0
116.7
164.0
100.7
123.8
122.4

127.0
131.0
116.4
154.6
97.7
125.3
122.4

113.8
122.2
104.6
142.2
93.9
109.8
122.3

116.5
137.3
104.8
146.4
96.7
109.5
119.7

111.3
127.7
91.2
139.8
97.7
106.7
119.0

124.3
114.6
116.1
156.0
102.6
124.3
125.2

120.8
86.9
111.2
165.6
102.5
124.8
115.8

Aug. Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

121.3
115.0
111.9
100.5
98.2
112.1

121.6
115.5
113.2
98.2
96.0
108.5

118.4
109.0
104.8
92.2
90.4
99.5

122.8
126.6
111.8
153.5
100.2
120.0
118.6

115.3
127.2
105.9
145.6
97.3
109.7
125.0

117.7
140.3
105.2
154.6
93.1
109.3
122.8

108.5
128.4
89.0
144.1
88.8
102.0
122.5

Steel mill products
Consumer durable steel
Equipment steel
Construction steel
Can and closure steel
Miscellaneous steel
Iron and steel foundries

332

1.21
.19
.13
.15
.05
.69
.46

Nonferrous metals
Primary nonferrous metals
Copper
Aluminum

333–6,9
333
3331
3334

1.65
.22
.05
.11

124.9
102.5
103.2
92.6

125.4
108.1
105.1
93.4

126.7
107.8
109.7
93.5

128.1
106.5
103.1
93.8

129.1
107.3
111.8
92.0

129.2
107.1
108.0
92.6

125.6
100.5
100.5
92.6

119.1
106.0
102.8
93.1

125.3
104.1
105.4
92.9

128.8
106.0
104.3
93.2

129.0
108.2
116.0
91.9

129.6
107.7
110.5
92.6

Nonferrous products
Nonferrous mill products
Aluminum
Nonferrous foundries

335,6
335
3353–5
336

1.19
.88
.32
.31

126.4
121.6
106.3
142.1

125.1
120.3
107.9
140.9

126.7
120.0
103.6
148.8

129.9
124.0
108.7
149.2

131.5
125.4
113.5
151.9

131.1
125.0
111.4
151.3

127.8
123.3
109.8
142.5

117.8
114.2
103.1
129.7

126.3
120.2
104.9
146.5

130.1
125.1
110.9
146.9

130.8
124.2
111.6
152.6

130.6
123.5
104.8
154.0

Fabricated metal products
34
Metal containers
341
Hardware, tools, and cutlery
342
Hardware and tools
3423,5,9
Structural metal products
344
Other fabricated metal products 345–9
Fasteners, stampings, etc.
345–7

5.48
.19
.59
.50
1.46
3.03
1.74

128.0
106.0
126.4
125.0
127.4
130.4
138.6

127.8
103.7
127.2
126.3
128.1
129.7
136.6

126.3
105.0
125.4
123.5
126.4
128.5
136.0

126.2
106.6
126.2
123.5
126.0
128.2
136.1

127.0
107.0
129.4
127.0
127.3
128.3
137.6

127.3
107.0
130.8
129.0
128.1
128.1
138.1

129.9
125.1
129.1
128.1
128.8
131.6
140.5

126.9
115.4
128.7
128.7
128.3
127.2
135.4

129.3
118.8
130.9
129.9
128.8
129.7
139.2

129.7
111.5
133.7
131.9
126.3
130.6
142.2

129.5
102.9
131.9
129.1
129.4
129.9
140.8

127.8
94.4
130.1
127.1
130.6
127.8
136.3

Industrial machinery
and equipment
35
Engines and turbines
351
Farm
352
Construction and allied
353
Metalworking
354
Special industry machinery
355
General industrial machinery
356
Bearings and gears
3562,6,8
Equipment
3561,3–5,7,9
Computer and office equip.
357
Service industry machines
358
Refrig. and heating equip.
3585
Miscellaneous machinery
359

9.43
.54
.56
.96
1.16
.98
1.17
.33
.84
1.91
.83
.56
1.33

205.8
131.8
179.2
181.1
135.4
156.7
127.1
117.2
131.4
641.4
142.3
140.0
155.9

209.0
131.0
190.0
187.9
136.9
155.6
125.9
116.3
130.0
657.0
148.8
148.4
155.0

207.0
140.4
148.2
190.4
132.5
154.5
123.6
115.7
127.0
673.6
151.7
152.9
152.8

207.7
139.6
169.1
176.4
131.3
152.6
123.7
113.1
128.2
695.5
148.0
147.0
155.4

211.3
138.4
164.8
179.9
134.7
154.0
125.2
113.0
130.4
723.9
148.0
148.5
158.2

212.1
140.3
157.4
171.3
138.4
153.2
123.2
110.8
128.6
751.1
147.5
148.6
159.4

210.6
131.3
164.4
190.7
137.9
156.3
129.0
117.1
134.1
664.7
151.4
153.2
159.8

206.4
126.2
128.0
165.1
143.3
150.6
127.4
111.3
134.3
707.4
138.7
135.5
163.8

210.7
136.0
123.7
182.4
143.3
151.3
129.4
113.6
136.3
719.2
139.1
134.9
165.0

214.2
140.6
149.5
179.0
141.8
149.1
129.3
110.5
137.4
740.1
142.4
140.7
167.7

211.6
138.5
153.6
187.5
135.9
153.3
125.5
112.5
131.1
723.8
143.6
142.2
159.1

205.7
142.8
134.0
169.7
133.3
154.8
120.9
110.9
125.2
731.5
135.0
129.7
154.0

Electrical machinery
Major electrical and parts
Electric distribution equip.
Household appliances
Cooking equipment
Refrigerators and freezers
Laundry
Miscellaneous
Electrical housewares
Appliances, nec

36
361,2
361
363
3631
3632
3633
3634,5,9
3634
3639

8.77
1.02
.33
.44
.06
.10
.08
.20
.05
.09

285.5
126.8
118.8
118.9
116.1
135.0
136.2
105.4
104.2
95.6

289.4
125.1
120.1
121.8
124.0
139.2
139.1
106.4
101.6
97.7

290.8
122.8
116.5
119.8
116.2
133.1
132.6
109.0
103.2
102.1

297.7
125.8
118.8
118.2
112.8
135.1
136.1
104.9
101.0
95.2

301.0
123.5
117.4
121.9
123.2
144.8
143.0
103.4
97.9
94.0

303.0
123.5
116.8
123.3
115.8
150.8
148.4
104.0
96.7
95.9

297.8
130.2
121.2
123.2
115.5
151.1
141.8
105.9
105.8
97.0

278.7
130.1
125.5
113.6
115.7
138.1
118.1
99.5
97.1
84.4

294.4
129.8
128.6
121.3
123.1
137.0
131.5
108.7
104.6
97.8

322.0
133.2
131.0
121.6
117.1
138.1
141.6
107.5
106.0
94.4

304.1
124.1
119.6
129.5
132.7
152.0
156.9
108.4
105.4
102.4

309.6
120.2
113.4
120.3
118.8
136.2
148.1
103.1
103.9
95.8

365
366
367

.12
2.04
3.78

55.3
220.1
638.0

59.0
220.0
653.9

55.6
220.2
672.0

63.9
222.7
698.6

55.7
220.5
722.4

61.3
214.8
743.0

52.4
217.3
691.5

53.0
213.3
604.2

57.7
219.7
669.8

69.1
219.4
807.1

61.7
219.8
720.7

68.0
220.3
766.5

3672–9
369
3691

3.70
.69
.10

660.3
133.3
130.0

676.7
132.6
125.7

697.4
132.5
130.0

725.6
132.1
126.8

752.1
132.9
128.2

774.7
130.2
123.9

718.3
134.4
135.5

624.3
125.0
115.1

691.8
133.6
137.0

838.9
137.3
171.1

746.2
135.8
140.3

796.5
134.2
131.5

37
371

3714
3716

9.16
5.25
1.26
1.71
1.62
1.01
.62
2.22
.06

114.2
121.1
88.2
147.6
145.3
142.2
149.1
128.6
124.8

108.2
107.6
71.3
122.8
118.3
110.0
131.0
125.3
125.7

130.3
154.2
117.1
181.9
179.4
178.9
178.8
165.0
145.9

127.6
149.9
120.8
167.0
164.8
161.1
169.5
162.1
140.6

128.6
150.2
112.8
184.3
182.5
181.0
183.4
156.2
142.6

127.4
149.0
106.9
188.0
185.9
184.3
187.0
155.2
142.0

117.1
126.4
89.2
150.3
148.0
144.2
153.4
139.6
119.8

92.2
76.6
49.7
85.0
79.5
69.1
96.1
90.9
113.8

130.6
156.6
117.5
177.3
174.8
173.2
176.4
174.4
137.9

128.9
154.0
121.1
179.7
177.6
175.8
179.4
162.7
143.1

134.4
163.6
125.4
203.8
203.2
201.7
204.5
165.8
151.7

124.8
143.4
103.4
179.1
176.4
175.6
176.8
150.3
128.9

372–6,9
372
373
374–6,9

3.90
2.69
.38
.84

106.3
113.9
94.0
88.0

107.1
115.0
97.7
87.1

106.9
114.8
97.1
86.8

105.8
113.9
94.0
86.2

107.4
115.8
98.1
85.4

106.0
114.3
96.5
84.8

107.0
114.4
93.3
90.0

104.7
111.9
94.7
86.5

105.5
113.3
94.8
85.9

104.6
113.4
91.4
83.1

106.3
115.0
96.6
83.8

106.3
115.1
96.1
83.5

Audio and video equipment
Communication equipment
Electronic components
Semiconductors and related
electronic components
Misc. electrical supplies
Storage batteries

Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and parts
Autos
Trucks and truck trailers
Trucks and buses
Consumer trucks
Business trucks
Motor vehicle parts
Motor homes
Aerospace and miscellaneous
transportation equipment
Aircraft and parts
Ships and boats
Railroad and miscellaneous

1. The IP proportion data are estimates of the industries’ relative contributions to overall IP growth in the following year.

14

Table 6 (continued)
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: INDUSTRY SUBTOTALS AND INDIVIDUAL SERIES
Index, 1992 = 100
Item

Instruments
Scientific and medical
Medical instruments
Misc. manufactures
Consumer goods
Business supplies
Electric utilities
Generation
Fossil fuel
Hydro and nuclear

1997
IP
SIC Proportion1

1998
June

July

Not seasonally adjusted

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

1998
June

July

Aug. Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

38
381–4
384

4.85
4.02
1.56

112.4
113.3
121.1

112.6
113.8
122.2

113.0
114.1
121.6

114.2
115.9
126.1

115.0
117.0
129.7

113.9
115.5
128.6

114.1
115.2
127.1

114.4
116.1
132.8

115.6
117.3
133.0

116.8
119.0
138.0

115.5
117.4
132.0

113.1
114.5
124.1

39
391,3,4,6
395,9

1.35
.63
.72

118.5
110.4
127.0

118.5
110.2
127.2

117.7
108.5
127.3

117.0
107.4
127.0

115.9
105.1
127.2

114.4
104.3
124.9

118.8
109.6
128.3

115.0
104.6
125.8

118.1
107.5
129.0

117.3
107.5
127.4

118.8
108.4
129.5

118.0
109.1
127.1

491,3pt

5.18
1.94
.96
.98

121.0
118.5
122.4
114.8

119.8
117.3
120.0
114.6

121.2
116.3
121.9
111.0

122.6
119.7
122.5
116.8

120.3
116.2
111.7
120.2

117.7
117.0

124.9
125.7
129.2
122.2

135.9
130.3
139.8
121.4

135.6
127.0
139.6
115.1

125.9
118.2
127.5
109.2

111.4
105.4
107.6
103.2

109.4
110.2

3.23
1.35
1.89
1.16
.72

122.6
128.9
118.0
123.9
109.5

121.4
128.0
116.7
122.5
108.3

124.3
130.9
119.6
125.7
110.8

124.4
130.7
119.9
127.2
109.3

122.9
130.1
117.7
124.6
107.7

118.2

139.4
155.9
127.9
139.4
111.3

141.0
154.2
131.8
142.1
116.9

130.8
136.8
126.6
136.6
112.1

115.3
111.4
118.1
123.6
110.2

109.1

114.4

124.6
126.9
122.9
129.8
113.0

1.10
.50
.19
.33

108.4
101.8
114.5
113.5

111.7
102.0
126.8
117.0

115.7
105.4
140.0
118.6

109.7
95.1
137.3
116.7

103.8
97.0
112.4
108.1

96.5
89.0
100.9
102.6

62.4
38.9
62.1
88.9

61.9
31.5
65.9
95.1

62.0
29.4
70.6
96.1

59.5
30.6
68.5
89.3

72.1
55.5
75.4
89.7

107.3
105.2
114.6
107.3

Sales
Residential
Nonresidential
Commercial and other
Industrial

Gas utilities
Residential
Commercial and other
Gas transmission

Seasonally adjusted

492,3pt

109.1

1. The IP proportion data are estimates of the industries’ relative contributions to overall IP growth in the following year.

Table 7
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: GROSS VALUE OF PRODUCTS
Billions of 1992 dollars at annual rates, seasonally adjusted
1997
Item
1992
1998
Q3

Q4

1998
Q1

Q2

Q3r

Q4p

1998
July

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.r

Dec.p

2001.9

2492.8

2413.9

2450.4

2464.5

2486.2

2493.6

2526.3

2454.6

2525.1

2501.0

2526.0

2524.5

2528.5

1552.1

1960.9

1893.3

1924.5

1937.5

1955.3

1956.0

1987.0

1915.6

1985.9

1966.4

1988.4

1987.0

1985.8

Consumer goods
Durable
Automotive products
Other durable goods
Nondurable

1049.6
238.3
123.8
114.4
811.3

1214.9
321.3
165.8
155.7
895.0

1199.7
309.2
160.6
148.7
890.9

1213.4
318.9
169.7
149.0
895.4

1216.5
321.5
165.7
156.1
896.1

1217.2
318.6
162.8
156.2
899.5

1206.9
314.6
159.3
155.7
893.2

1225.2
334.0
176.0
157.6
893.6

1185.0
283.0
128.9
156.2
900.5

1227.4
334.2
178.0
155.5
895.6

1208.2
326.7
171.0
155.4
883.7

1221.4
334.0
176.9
156.6
890.0

1226.3
333.6
175.7
157.5
895.1

1227.8
334.4
175.4
158.7
895.8

Equipment, total
Business and defense
Business
Defense and space

502.5
483.9
399.2
84.7

747.1
722.3
659.2
63.8

695.6
668.1
606.4
64.0

713.5
686.4
624.9
64.1

723.7
695.3
633.6
64.3

741.4
715.1
653.9
63.9

753.2
729.7
668.5
64.1

766.1
744.8
684.4
63.5

734.3
709.6
648.0
64.2

762.5
739.4
677.9
64.5

762.7
740.1
679.5
63.6

771.5
749.4
688.0
64.4

764.8
743.1
682.6
63.6

761.9
741.8
682.5
62.4

449.9
177.2
272.7
70.4

533.8
224.8
308.6
82.6

521.1
216.1
304.7
82.3

526.7
218.1
308.4
83.0

528.0
221.6
306.0
80.5

532.0
223.0
308.6
82.5

538.1
226.1
311.7
86.0

540.5
228.9
311.1
82.7

538.4
227.1
310.9
83.7

540.3
226.8
313.1
87.7

535.7
224.4
310.9
86.5

539.0
227.0
311.6
83.6

538.8
229.0
309.4
81.7

543.6
230.7
312.4
82.9

Products, total
Final products

Intermediate products
Construction supplies
Business supplies
Commercial energy products

Table 8
DIFFUSION INDEXES OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION
Percent
Year

One Month Earlier
1996
1997
1998
Three Months Earlier
1996
1997
1998
Six Months Earlier
1996
1997
1998

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

38.8
53.4
55.8

64.9
65.7
47.2

56.0
53.7
50.2

56.3
51.3
53.7

60.1
53.7
49.1

62.3
56.3
39.3

52.6
58.8
54.7

58.2
49.8
46.8

53.4
55.6
39.7

54.1
55.8
56.9

55.2
61.4
47.6

56.7
50.9

44.0
58.2
59.6

54.9
65.7
52.1

55.2
59.0
54.3

67.5
62.7
49.1

66.4
54.9
55.4

67.2
55.6
44.2

61.9
60.2
46.8

60.8
60.9
44.6

56.0
59.0
45.7

59.0
58.1
50.2

56.7
65.5
46.4

57.1
63.7

52.6
65.3
63.7

53.7
65.7
63.3

57.5
63.8
61.0

57.8
61.6
58.1

65.3
58.4
56.6

71.3
62.7
48.3

69.8
67.3
46.8

66.4
62.8
46.4

63.8
63.5
43.3

67.5
66.9
48.7

64.2
68.8
49.1

56.3
65.0

Note—The diffusion indexes are calculated as the percentage of series that increased over the indicated span (one, three, or six months) plus one–half
the percentage that were unchanged.

15

Table 9
ELECTRIC POWER USE: MANUFACTURING AND MINING
Index, 1992 = 100
1992
Billion
KWH
934.1

Seasonally adjusted
1998
June
106.3

July
105.7

854.0
365.8
488.3
80.1

106.6
107.3
106.0
102.8

INDUSTRY GROUPS and SERIES
Metal mining
10
Iron ore
101
Copper ore
102

18.6
7.3
6.6

Coal mining

12

Oil and gas extraction
Crude oil and natural gas
Natural gas liquids

Not seasonally adjusted

107.3

1998
June
107.9

July
107.0

Aug.
108.6

Sept.r
109.2

Oct.r
108.0

Nov.p
106.2

106.7
107.6
106.0
103.4

107.6
107.3
107.8
103.1

108.3
109.2
107.6
101.7

107.5
108.0
107.1
100.2

109.1
110.5
108.0
101.9

109.6
110.6
108.8
103.1

108.4
108.9
107.9
103.0

106.4
106.1
106.7
103.3

115.4
113.6
126.0

118.2
112.7
130.9

114.8
113.0
122.1

110.9
108.4
120.1

110.5
105.7
122.6

117.0
113.8
129.9

114.3
111.4
126.5

119.4
117.2
130.4

116.2
115.0
124.6

101.1

103.4

99.5

99.7

96.8

89.5

93.0

98.3

95.7

101.1

93.1
91.7
86.5

92.4
91.0
92.2

91.6
89.6
92.0

89.2
87.5
83.1

90.5
89.8
71.8

92.5
91.0
86.7

92.7
91.0
87.7

90.3
87.9
92.1

91.5
89.1
92.5

89.0
87.7
83.4

88.0
87.9
71.6

113.5
154.0
109.0
100.9

114.5
155.5
111.1
101.3

117.8
159.2
110.3
109.9

116.3
157.8
106.0
109.3

119.2
158.9
111.8
112.7

119.5
156.4
107.7
114.0

115.6
163.5
114.9
100.5

115.6
163.4
119.4
99.2

117.6
167.3
119.5
102.6

119.2
168.5
115.1
106.9

120.0
169.8
121.9
105.0

122.1
169.7
115.3
111.8

58.8
10.3
6.8
8.1
11.4
3.5
4.0
3.9
6.1
4.7

116.5
123.6
99.9
118.2
134.9
112.4
109.2
112.0
109.4
107.3

117.5
128.0
102.7
117.5
137.5
113.6
109.7
113.9
107.2
105.2

114.8
126.2
99.6
111.6
136.4
110.5
97.0
108.0
108.9
103.9

115.9
125.0
102.5
111.7
140.7
111.8
99.3
112.1
107.1
105.1

118.3
129.5
106.6
112.2
139.0
113.3
100.4
111.9
113.2
107.3

118.5
129.7
108.0
113.9
136.1
114.5
96.8
110.4
115.0
111.1

118.7
129.4
106.6
115.9
132.4
117.5
103.4
108.5
116.1
111.8

123.5
138.7
113.1
121.0
135.6
123.7
106.6
105.6
119.7
114.9

124.3
138.2
108.9
128.8
138.0
122.7
95.6
102.4
124.3
115.5

127.3
137.7
111.6
136.0
144.1
125.0
98.9
109.2
123.0
117.4

123.5
133.1
107.7
125.2
145.7
117.7
104.2
108.9
118.9
111.3

118.6
127.4
103.5
113.2
140.8
111.8
112.5
114.8
110.4
109.0

21

1.5

99.9

95.4

94.1

92.9

95.5

97.9

99.7

98.8

102.6

104.9

102.9

98.0

Textile mill products
Fabrics
Knit goods
Fabric finishing
Yarn and thread
Miscellaneous textiles

22
221–4
225
226
228
229

31.5
11.8
4.1
2.5
8.3
3.4

114.6
106.6
107.7
113.9
118.8
125.9

118.9
107.8
107.4
119.0
129.3
131.0

113.7
105.6
110.9
112.2
119.6
121.7

111.7
107.5
113.9
107.3
105.3
124.3

106.1
104.6
111.1
115.2
86.7
123.9

116.2
110.0
112.5
115.1
111.4
131.6

122.7
114.3
117.6
120.9
128.1
132.3

119.8
108.9
112.2
111.8
129.5
131.3

126.6
118.1
128.1
116.9
134.7
132.5

122.8
118.5
128.9
114.1
117.2
133.1

111.1
109.3
116.0
115.3
91.4
130.5

113.2
106.5
106.4
115.2
108.0
130.9

Apparel products
Men’s outerwear
Women’s outerwear

23
231,2
233

8.2
2.0
2.5

96.4
80.0
115.6

97.6
83.8
114.8

90.9
75.9
110.1

92.8
78.8
111.2

97.9
85.7
115.7

97.1
86.3
112.8

103.2
88.2
124.8

106.6
93.1
127.0

108.0
93.3
133.1

107.7
93.8
130.2

100.9
89.2
119.6

92.7
81.7
107.5

Lumber and products
Lumber
Millwork and plywood

24
242
243

19.8
7.7
5.6

120.9
118.1
124.3

121.5
122.5
124.1

121.1
120.6
123.4

121.7
120.5
126.2

121.1
121.0
124.7

120.3
119.8
122.9

119.8
116.5
123.4

118.0
116.2
121.0

120.5
119.4
122.8

121.4
118.9
126.2

120.1
119.0
123.9

121.0
121.7
123.1

Furniture and fixtures
Household furniture

25
251

6.0
3.2

118.9
117.1

117.2
113.6

116.0
114.5

118.2
116.5

119.7
116.6

119.8
116.5

120.5
118.6

115.9
107.7

124.1
120.1

124.6
120.4

121.1
117.9

118.3
115.1

Paper and products
Wood pulp
Paper
Paperboard
Paperboard containers
Converted paper products

26
261
262
263
265
267

113.3
8.8
62.3
28.3
5.1
8.9

103.5
92.4
102.2
112.7
107.5
104.2

103.0
89.4
101.1
115.3
105.2
108.0

101.7
92.6
100.3
115.3
100.4
103.2

103.0
96.3
101.1
114.3
105.1
104.0

105.8
99.2
104.3
116.9
107.2
105.8

102.0
89.5
99.1
118.0
106.8
105.7

103.9
92.8
102.5
112.8
108.8
105.5

104.5
88.7
102.9
115.7
108.1
109.6

104.7
92.1
103.2
116.2
106.6
107.8

104.9
93.5
102.9
115.6
110.3
108.4

106.3
97.1
104.6
117.1
109.4
107.9

102.7
93.1
100.0
117.5
106.8
104.9

Printing and publishing
Newspapers
Commercial printing

27
271
275

17.3
3.6
9.2

113.7
102.5
123.4

111.6
101.3
122.7

109.3
101.4
120.6

111.5
104.8
121.2

113.0
103.9
121.9

115.4
103.1
122.8

117.5
107.3
126.2

123.5
112.6
132.1

124.6
112.3
133.6

125.1
115.1
132.1

117.1
105.9
125.2

111.8
99.5
120.3

Chemicals and products
28
Basic chemicals
281
Alkalies and chlorine
2812
Inorganic chemicals, nec
2819
Acid and fertilizer materials
Nuclear materials, nondefense

171.7
78.9
14.9
38.3
14.0
24.3

97.9
86.4
78.5
72.4
100.8
58.4

94.3
81.1
81.7
65.2
102.3
46.9

93.7
81.5
83.6
65.9
99.0
49.5

95.9
84.4
82.0
73.7
95.0
63.2

98.9
91.4
81.8
87.9
110.8
76.5

102.2
96.1
85.8
93.5
109.0
85.9

98.0
86.1
79.4
72.5
99.7
59.0

95.8
81.1
81.9
63.0
102.7
43.3

95.2
81.1
83.4
63.7
101.5
44.9

97.2
84.5
78.6
71.7
95.5
59.9

100.0
91.8
83.8
88.3
110.1
77.4

100.5
94.7
83.3
92.4
110.6
83.4

Aug.
105.0

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.p

105.4

106.5

105.8
107.3
104.6
104.3

105.0
107.0
103.4
104.4

105.6
107.1
104.3
104.0

114.7
114.5
123.2

112.0
106.2
124.9

117.0
113.2
129.8

12.7

102.2

107.5

13
131
132

36.0
31.0
3.6

90.9
89.6
84.8

Stone and earth minerals
Crushed stone
Sand and gravel
Chemical and fertilizer materials

14
142
144
147

12.8
3.5
2.7
4.7

Foods
Meat products
Dairy products
Canned and frozen food
Grain mill products
Bakery products
Sugar and confectionery
Fats and oils
Beverages
Coffee and miscellaneous

20
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209

Item
Total

1987 SIC

MAJOR INDUSTRY GROUPS
Manufacturing
Durable
Nondurable
Mining

Tobacco products

16

Table 9 (continued)
ELECTRIC POWER USE: MANUFACTURING AND MINING
Index, 1992 = 100
1987 SIC

1992
Billion
KWH

Seasonally adjusted
1998
June

July

Chemicals and Products (cont.)
Synthetic materials
282
Plastics materials
2821
Drugs and medicines
283
Soap and toiletries
284
Industrial organic chemicals
286
Agricultural chemicals
287

29.2
18.3
6.7
3.0
39.2
9.7

109.1
135.8
136.3
123.2
106.0
118.2

Petroleum products

29

47.0

Rubber and plastics products
Tires
Rubber products, nec
Plastics products, nec

30
301
306
308

Leather and products
Shoes
Stone, clay, & glass products
Flat glass
Pressed and blown glass
Cement
Structural clay products
Concrete products

Not seasonally adjusted

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.p

1998
June

July

Aug.

Sept.r

Oct.r

Nov.p

106.0
128.3
137.3
120.9
109.9
122.9

104.8
127.3
129.9
118.9
103.9
123.2

108.0
131.4
131.1
117.2
105.7
118.9

101.3
126.8
131.5
118.3
104.2
121.6

104.9
130.9
132.6
115.6
99.8
118.5

109.9
136.8
143.7
125.4
104.0
117.6

107.9
130.0
150.2
130.5
110.7
122.2

107.5
129.6
144.2
128.1
107.6
123.2

108.5
133.9
145.5
127.6
109.9
117.5

103.2
128.1
136.6
120.9
107.9
120.6

103.4
128.3
126.7
109.7
99.8
119.1

110.2

107.7

110.2

106.5

107.1

107.5

111.3

110.3

113.6

110.5

107.6

107.2

38.0
4.3
3.2
28.9

125.6
112.6
117.9
130.0

126.8
115.7
117.6
131.1

124.0
110.9
112.8
129.0

126.7
112.0
116.4
132.0

126.1
112.6
117.9
130.7

128.6
113.0
121.2
133.7

129.8
115.3
120.7
134.8

128.2
117.5
117.9
132.5

129.1
119.3
119.4
133.2

132.4
120.3
121.7
137.1

129.0
117.1
121.0
133.3

127.4
112.9
119.2
132.3

31
314

1.0
.3

77.6
72.6

78.7
72.8

76.2
69.3

75.3
68.6

79.9
73.7

79.2
73.7

80.9
76.4

81.1
77.3

82.6
78.3

81.6
77.8

80.5
75.1

76.9
70.7

32
321
322
324
325
327

33.8
1.5
7.3
9.6
1.4
4.7

110.7
108.0
105.7
110.9
97.3
120.9

111.7
106.1
103.5
113.2
98.0
127.1

110.4
103.3
102.9
110.1
98.9
125.5

110.0
105.1
106.1
107.3
99.5
124.1

111.1
106.0
105.8
110.8
97.5
124.8

112.5
108.8
106.1
112.2
99.5
128.7

113.5
110.1
106.2
116.5
100.5
123.5

112.3
108.3
104.1
114.3
99.7
126.8

114.3
104.8
106.0
117.7
101.1
128.3

113.7
109.3
109.2
112.1
102.0
128.6

114.5
107.2
108.5
118.0
97.8
127.8

114.1
109.1
106.3
117.7
99.8
130.3

Primary metals
Basic steel and mill products
Iron and steel foundries
Primary nonferrous metals
Aluminum
Nonferrous foundries

33
331
332
333
3334
336

150.9
57.0
9.9
66.2
60.3
2.7

100.2
107.6
118.8
81.9
69.5
138.5

101.7
112.5
116.0
80.9
68.2
134.6

100.1
110.3
116.2
79.8
69.2
130.7

101.0
112.0
116.2
80.3
69.8
134.4

100.2
110.1
114.0
81.5
71.8
133.6

99.6
108.8
113.5
80.3
72.7
130.2

100.5
107.8
118.5
82.7
69.3
137.0

99.7
108.2
109.8
82.5
69.1
128.4

99.9
110.1
112.5
80.6
69.2
129.7

100.5
111.0
118.8
79.2
68.9
137.7

101.0
110.7
116.9
81.6
71.8
136.6

98.6
107.1
116.8
78.7
71.8
132.9

Fabricated metal products
Metal containers
Hardware, tools, and cutlery
Structural metal products
Fasteners
Metal stampings

34
341
342
344
345
346

31.4
2.9
2.7
5.4
1.7
6.7

117.3
108.6
110.7
120.6
115.0
130.9

116.3
104.9
111.8
121.4
112.7
129.2

115.0
104.5
109.0
119.6
112.5
130.0

114.6
99.2
109.1
121.5
112.2
129.2

116.2
99.1
112.6
121.5
113.0
131.8

116.7
102.2
116.4
119.3
113.6
132.8

118.9
110.6
113.4
120.0
117.3
132.8

117.6
108.4
113.8
122.7
114.5
126.5

119.0
106.5
114.6
123.9
117.9
132.0

119.9
103.3
116.5
125.3
118.6
135.0

117.9
99.7
114.5
122.1
115.5
135.3

115.2
101.6
114.7
118.2
111.0
131.4

Industrial machinery
and equipment
Engines and turbines
Farm
Construction and allied
Metalworking
Special industry
General industrial
Computer and office equip.
Service industry machines

35
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358

33.2
2.6
2.0
3.8
4.1
2.4
5.2
5.1
3.5

114.5
115.4
91.0
124.1
120.7
123.7
119.7
90.8
116.4

113.6
115.1
92.7
119.9
122.0
117.2
118.6
89.7
119.9

112.5
111.3
91.1
123.8
117.0
123.5
115.9
89.1
117.6

112.2
114.4
92.9
119.4
118.0
121.1
117.0
90.0
109.7

114.5
114.7
91.1
124.4
120.6
119.1
119.1
93.3
112.7

113.5
109.8
83.8
122.8
122.6
117.9
117.5
93.9
108.4

117.4
116.7
89.2
127.4
123.0
126.0
122.2
94.3
121.8

118.8
109.9
88.3
126.6
127.8
124.2
122.5
96.8
127.0

120.4
116.4
89.2
131.1
126.5
134.0
124.4
95.3
127.0

120.0
119.2
91.7
128.2
127.6
131.1
125.5
96.0
117.9

114.8
114.5
87.9
123.1
121.8
120.5
119.8
93.5
113.4

110.8
110.6
83.8
122.5
118.2
112.7
114.4
91.7
105.9

Electrical machinery
Electrical distribution
Electrical industrial
Household appliances
Lighting and wiring products
TV and radio sets
Communication equipment
Electronic components

36
361
362
363
364
365
366
367

33.0
1.3
4.0
2.4
3.0
.8
3.3
14.5

110.5
95.2
97.7
97.5
114.8
113.8
100.6
121.3

111.1
96.1
95.2
102.0
119.6
115.0
102.9
121.1

120.9
93.3
93.9
97.5
115.1
113.5
103.6
118.5

110.1
95.0
96.3
99.1
118.9
118.8
102.9
119.1

111.1
93.8
94.1
101.1
118.4
123.2
106.3
121.1

110.3
93.2
94.2
102.2
119.1
117.3
104.6
119.2

114.2
97.1
100.6
102.8
118.5
116.8
105.1
125.5

116.2
100.5
98.7
107.3
121.3
119.6
111.1
127.6

128.8
102.9
97.0
106.5
117.4
123.1
112.6
126.4

117.8
104.8
99.9
105.7
124.6
126.0
113.6
127.2

113.0
95.5
93.9
103.9
120.9
127.1
106.6
122.6

107.5
90.5
91.7
97.3
117.7
114.8
100.5
116.0

Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and parts
Aircraft and parts
Ships and boats

37
371
372
373

39.6
22.8
10.7
2.2

107.8
117.0
89.6
115.2

103.4
110.3
88.3
110.5

101.8
109.3
85.1
106.1

108.1
118.2
87.9
111.0

109.9
121.3
89.0
106.0

110.0
119.4
92.6
105.8

112.3
123.1
92.4
116.4

104.9
110.5
92.3
110.1

108.6
116.9
91.2
106.1

115.7
127.1
94.0
110.5

111.9
123.7
91.0
103.1

108.0
118.0
90.1
103.4

Instruments
Photographic equip. & supplies

38
386

13.7
1.8

102.5
100.0

102.0
99.2

100.6
95.5

99.0
87.5

98.9
83.1

98.0
84.1

106.3
100.5

109.8
104.3

109.4
102.0

107.2
92.5

101.0
85.5

94.3
80.4

Miscellaneous manufactures

39

4.5

116.9

119.3

113.7

119.1

121.5

125.3

120.1

124.2

122.7

127.9

123.5

122.1

909.8
835.3
98.8

108.5
106.7
101.7

108.4
106.1
103.0

107.5
105.4
103.4

107.4
105.9
101.6

107.8
106.6
105.2

108.3
107.3
103.5

110.1
108.5
98.5

109.9
107.2
104.3

111.5
108.9
105.0

111.4
109.8
100.2

109.4
108.1
106.9

107.3
106.4
103.2

Item

SUPPLEMENTARY GROUPS
Total, excluding nuclear nondefense
Utility sales to industry
Industrial generation

17

Explanatory Note
The statistical release of Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization reports
measures of output, capacity, and capacity utilization in manufacturing, mining, and
the electric and gas utilities industries. The release also includes monthly indexes on
the use of electric power in manufacturing and mining. Files containing data in the
release and historical data are available under statistical releases at
http://www.federalreserve.gov, the Board’s World Wide Web site. For paid access
to these files through the Depatment of Commerce’s Economic Bulletin Board or
World Wide Web site, please call STAT-USA at 1-800-STAT-USA or (202) 452-1986.
Diskettes containing historical data and the data published in this release are
available from the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Publications
Services, (202) 452-3245.

Industrial Production
Coverage. The industrial production (IP) index measures output in the
manufacturing, mining, and electric and gas utilities industries; the reference period
for the index is 1992. For the period since 1992, the total IP index has been
constructed from 264 individual series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC). These individual series are classified in two ways: (1) market
groups (shown in table 1), such as consumer goods, equipment, intermediate
products, and materials; and (2) industry groups (shown in tables 2 and 6), such as
two-digit SIC industries and major aggregates of these industries—for example,
durable and nondurable manufacturing, mining, and utilities.
Market groups. For purposes of analysis, the individual IP series are grouped into
final products, intermediate products, and materials. Final products are assumed to be
purchased by consumers, businesses, or government for final use. Intermediate
products are expected to become inputs in nonindustrial sectors, such as
construction, agriculture, and services. Materials are industrial output requiring
further processing within the industrial sector. Total products comprise final and
intermediate products, and final products are divided into consumer goods and
equipment.
Timing. The first estimate of output for a month is published around the 15th of the
following month. The estimate is preliminary (denoted by the superscript “p” in
tables) and subject to revision in each of the subsequent three months as new source
data become available. (Revised estimates are denoted by the superscript “r” in
tables.) After the fourth month, indexes are not revised further until the time of an
annual revision or a benchmark revision. The last three benchmark revisions were
published in 1990, 1985, and 1976.
Source data. In annual or benchmark revisions, the individual IP indexes are
constructed from a variety of source data, such as the quinquennial Censuses of
Manufactures and Mineral Industries and the Annual Survey of Manufactures,
prepared by the Bureau of the Census; the Minerals Yearbook, prepared by the
Department of the Interior; and publications of the Department of Energy. On a
monthly basis, the individual indexes of industrial production are constructed from
two main types of source data: (1) output measured in physical units and (2) data on
inputs to the production process, from which output is inferred. Data on physical
products, such as tons of steel or barrels of oil, are obtained from private trade
associations as well as from government agencies including those listed above; data
of this type are used to estimate monthly IP where possible and appropriate. When
suitable data on physical product are unavailable, estimates of output are based on
either production-worker hours or electric power use by industry. Data on hours
worked by production workers are collected in the monthly establishment survey
conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The data on electric power use are
described below. The factors used to convert inputs into estimates of production are
based on historical relationships between the inputs and the comprehensive data used
to benchmark the IP indexes; these factors also may be influenced by technological
or cyclical developments. Especially for the first and second estimates for a given
month, the available source data are limited and subject to revision.
Weights. In the index, series that measure the output of an individual industry are
weighted according to their proportion in the total value-added output of all
industries. The industrial production index, which extends back to 1919, is built as an
annually weighted chain-type index since 1977. The components of IP are combined
using estimates of value added per unit of output. For months from January to June,
the weights are drawn from the year containing the month being estimated and the
preceding year; for months from July to December, the weights are drawn from the
current and following year. The IP proportions shown in column 1 of tables 1A, 2A,
and 6 are estimates of the industries’ relative contributions to overall growth in the
following year. For example, a 1 percent increase in durable goods manufacturing in
1997 would account for an increase in total IP of nearly 1/2 percent.
Seasonal adjustment. Individual series are seasonally adjusted by the X–11 ARIMA
method, developed at Statistics Canada. For series based on production-worker
hours, the current seasonal factors were estimated with data through October 1998;
for other series, the factors were estimated with data through at least June 1998. In
some cases, series were preadjusted for the effects of holidays or the business cycle
before using X–11 ARIMA. For the data since 1977, all seasonally adjusted
aggregate indexes are calculated by aggregating the seasonally adjusted indexes of
the individual series.
Reliability. The average revision to the level of the total IP index, without regard to
sign, between the first and the fourth estimates was 0.28 percent during the 1987–97

18

period. The average revision to the percent change in total IP, without regard to sign,
from the first to the fourth estimates was 0.21 percentage point during the 1987–97
period. In most cases (about 83 percent), the direction of change in output indicated
by the first estimate for a given month is the same as that shown by the fourth estimate.
Rounding. The published percent changes are calculated from unrounded indexes,
and may not be the same as percent changes calculated from the rounded indexes
shown in the release.

Capacity Utilization
Definition. Capacity utilization is calculated for the manufacturing, mining, and
electric and gas utilities industries. For a given industry, the utilization rate is equal to
an output index divided by a capacity index. Output is measured by seasonally
adjusted indexes of industrial production. The capacity indexes attempt to capture
the concept of sustainable practical capacity, which is defined as the greatest level of
output that a plant can maintain within the framework of a realistic work schedule,
taking account of normal downtime, and assuming sufficient availability of inputs to
operate the machinery and equipment in place. The 76 individual capacity indexes
are based on a variety of data, including capacity data measured in physical units
compiled by trade associations, surveys of utilization rates and investment, and
estimates of growth of the capital input.
Groups. Estimates of capacity and utilization are available for a variety of groups,
including primary and advanced processing industries within manufacturing,
durable and nondurable manufacturing, total manufacturing, mining, utilities, and
total industry. Component industries of the primary and advanced processing groups
within manufacturing are listed in the note on tables 2 and 3 of the release.
Weights. Although each utilization rate is the result of dividing an IP series by a
corresponding capacity index, aggregate utilization rates are equivalent to
combinations of individual utilization rates aggregated with proportions that reflect
current capacity levels of output valued in current-period value added per unit of
actual output. The implied proportions of individual industry operating rates in the
rate for total industry for the most recent year are shown in the first column of table 3.
Perspective. The historical highs and lows in capacity utilization shown in the tables
above are specific to each series and did not all occur in the same month. Industrial
plants usually operate at capacity utilization rates that are well below 100 percent:
none of the broad aggregates has ever reached 100 percent. For total industry and
total manufacturing, utilization rates have exceeded 90 percent only in wartime.

Electric Power
Data on electric power (expressed in kilowatt hours) are collected by the Federal
Reserve District Banks from electric utilities and also from manufacturing and
mining establishments that generate electric power for their own use (cogenerators).
The indexes of power use shown in table 9 are sums of kilowatt hours used by an
industry or industry group expressed as a percentage of that industry’s or group’s
usage in 1992. The first column of the table shows, for reference, electric power use
in billions of kilowatt hours as reported by manufacturing and mining industries in
the 1992 censuses of those industries. The supplementary group, “Total, less nuclear
nondefense,” is shown separately because the value-added proportion for the
nondefense nuclear material series (part of SIC 2819) in total IP is considerably
smaller than its share of total electric power use. Excluding this component from total
power use facilitates comparisons with total IP.

References
The annual revision published on November 24, 1998 is described more completely
in the Federal Reserve Bulletin, vol.85 (January 1999).
A description of the aggregation methods for industrial production and capacity
utilization is included in an article in the Federal Reserve Bulletin, vol. 83 (February
1997), pp. 67–92. Industrial Production—1986 Edition contains a more detailed
description of the other methods used to compile the industrial production index, plus
a history of its development, a glossary of terms, and a bibliography. To obtain
Industrial Production—1986 Edition ($9.00 per copy), write to Board of Governors
of the Federal Reserve System, Publications Services, Washington, DC 20551. The
major revisions to the IP indexes and capacity utilization since 1990 have been
described in the Federal Reserve Bulletin (April 1990, June 1990, June 1993, March
1994, January 1995, and January 1996, February 1997, February 1998, January
1999). The basic methodology used to estimate capacity and utilization is discussed
in the June 1990 Federal Reserve Bulletin.

Release Schedule for 1999
At 9:15 a.m. on January 15, February 17, March 16, April 16, May 14, June 16, July
16, August 17, September 16, October 15, November 16, and December 15.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102