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EMPLOYMENT
AND EARNINGS
VOL. 1 6

N O . 11

MAY 197O

Joseph M. Finerty, Editor
John E. Bregger, Associate Editor

CONTENTS

Page
Employment and unemployment developments, April 1970
New statistics on reasons why workers are unemployed
Teenage employment requirements in the summer of 1970
for select urban areas
Charts
Statistical tables
Monthly
Annual averages-State and area, 1967-69
Map-location of areas in the current employment statistics
program - 1969
Area definitions
Technical note




2
5
10
12
21
115
133
134
138

Employment and Unemployment Developments,
April 1970

Unemployment increased for the fourth consecutive month in April. The overall rate rose
sharply from 4.4 to 4.8 percent, the highest point
since April 1965. Nearly all of the increase occurred among male full-time workers.

women was virtually unchanged in April at 4.4
percent; however, it was up nearly a full percentage point since December. The increase in
joblessness has not been as great for adult
women as for men over this period.

Nonfarm payroll employment, after seasonal
adjustment, declined by 90,000 in April as a
result of increased strike activity. In manufacturing, a large decline in employment was accompanied by a decrease in the factory workweek.

The teenage unemployment rate moved up
sharply in April, after changing very little in
recent months. Their rate rose from 13.9 to 15.7
percent, also the highest point in 5 years.

Unemployment
The number of unemployed persons, which
usually falls significantly in April, declined
much less than usual this April. As a result,
after seasonal adjustment, unemployment was
up by 300,000 to 3.9 million.
Since December, unemployment has risen by
1.1 million. About 450,000 of the increase occurred among persons who had lost their last
jobs, 300,000 was among reentrants to the labor
force, 200,000 among persons who had never
worked before, and 125,000 among job leavers.
(See the new table A-35 containing seasonally
adjusted data on reasons for unemployment.)
Thus far this year, the unemployment rate
has risen from 3.5 percent in December to 4.8
percent in April. Although both full-time and
part-time jobless rates have risen since December, the unemployment increase has been
substantially greater among full-time workers.
In April, nearly all of the increase occurred
among full-time workers, whose rate rose from
4.0 to 4.4 percent.
The unemployment rate for adult men rose
from 2.9 to 3.2 percent between March and
April, while that for married men increased
from 2.2 to 2.4 percent. Both rates have risen
steadily since December and are back to the
levels of mid-1965. The jobless rate for adult




The jobless rate for workers covered by State
unemployment insurance programs rose from
2.7 to 3.1 percent in April, the highestrate since
May 1965. This rate has been rising since last
September. A year ago, the rate was 2.1 percent.
The unemployment rate for Negro workers
rose much more markedly than for whites in
April, climbing from 7.1 to 8.7 percent. The
white rate increased from 4.1 to 4.3 percent.
After remaining less than double the white rate
since last fall, the ratio of Negro-to-white jobless rates returned to the 2-to-l relationship
that has prevailed for many years* The larger
over-the-month increase for Negroes occurred
not only among adult men and teenagers but also
among adult women*
Among occupation g r o u p s , unemployment
rates rose over the month for clerical and sales
workers andfor craftsmen and nonfarm laborers*
Although jobless rates for professional and technical workers, operatives, and service workers
were about unchanged from March, they have all
moved up considerably in recent months.
Although the only significant industry jobless
rate increases over the month occurred among
workers last employed in trade and transportation and public utilities* rates in the other industries remained well above levels of the fall of
1969. Until April, these two industries had experienced o n l y moderate unemployment increases. However, the increases in both trade
and transportation in April were partly due to the

secondary effects of the strike in the trucking
industry. Jobless rates in manufacturing (4.8
percent) and construction (8.1 percent) were unchanged for the second consecutive month, after
rising in February.
Short-term unemployment of less than 5 weeks
duration rose by 300,000 in April to 2.3 million,
the highest level since this series began in 1948.
Unemployment of 15 weeks or over was about unchanged in April at 575,000. As a result, longterm unemployment as a proportion of the labor
force remained at its March level of 0.7 percent*
Along with the rise in unemployment in April,
there was also an increase of 425,000 in the
number of persons who were working part time
for economic reasons, such as slack work, material shortages, could find only part-time work,
or started or stopped a job during the week. As
a result of these developments, the percent of
labor force time lost by the unemployed and by
persons involuntarily working part time increased from 4.8 percent in March to 5.1 percent in April. (Labor force time lost is a measure of man-hours lost as a percent of potentially
available labor force man-hours.) As with the
overall unemployment rate, the hours-lost rate
was at its highest point since the spring of 1965.
Civilian Labor Force and
Total Employment
The civilian labor force increased in line with
seasonal expectations in April. After seasonal
adjustment, the labor force was virtually unchanged from the March level of 86.1 million.
Although the adult male labor force rose slightly,
the adult women and teenage labor forces were
unchanged, after increasing sharply in recent
months.
Total employment also increased in April,
mostly due to the normal upsurge in agriculture.
Nonagricultural employment did not show its
usual March-to-April gain and, as a result, employment fell by 225,000 after seasonal adjustment.
Since December, the labor force has increased
by 1.3 million persons (seasonally adjusted)—
625,000 adult men, 400,000 adult women, and




275,000 teenagers. Employment growth, however, has reached a virtual standstill.

Industry Payroll Employment
Employment on nonagricultural payrolls increased slightly less than usual in April and,
after seasonal adjustment, was down by 90,000.
However* the decline was due entirely to new
strike activity in construction, transportation
and public utilities, and government* (Workers
on strike are not counted as employed in the payroll employment series, whereas they are classified as "employed—with a job but not at work"
in the household series.)
As has been true since early fall, over-themonth increases in service-producing industries
were about counter-balanced by declines in manufacturing. Employment in manufacturing declined by 145,000 (seasonally adjusted) between
March and April, with virtually all of the cutbacks occurring within the durable goods sector.
The largest decrease occurred in transportation
equipment (40,000), primarily due to continued
layoffs in the automobile and aircraft industries.
Large declines also occurred in the fabricated
metal products, primary metal, electrical equipment, and food industries. There were smaller
but widespread declines in many other manufacturing industries. Since the early fall of 1969,
employment in manufacturing had dropped by
475,000.
Contract construction employment declined
by 65,000 in April, after seasonal adjustment,
with over two-thirds of the drop due to increased strike activity. The level of employment
in construction was about the same as a year
ago.
Payroll employment advances were posted in
government (90,000), trade (35,000), and in services and finance, insurance, and real estate. The
large gain in government reflected the additional
hiring of temporary Census workers. Since February, about 175,000 Census workers have been
hired by the Federal government.

Hours of Work
The workweek in manufacturing declined by
0.& hour in April to 40.0 houi*s, seasonally adjusted, returning to about the February level.
Since December, the average workweek for
factory workers has fallen by nearly threefourths of an hour* The over-the-month decline
was generally widespread, with the largest drops
occurring in primary metals, machinery, chemicals, and petroleum.
Factory overtime continued its downward
trend of recent months, falling by 0.1 hour in
April to 3.0 hours. Since the 1969 high reached
in January, factory overtime has dropped by 0.8
hour, to its lowest point in 6 years.
For all rank-and-file workers on private nonfarm payrolls, average weekly hours in April
were unchanged for the third consecutive month
at 37.4 hours (seasonally adjusted). Since early
fall, the workweek was off by 0.4 hour. Among




the major industry divisions, an over-the-month
increase in the construction workweek was offset by reductions in manufacturing, mining, and
finance.
Earnings
Average hourly earnings for production and
nonsupervisory workers on private payrolls
edged up by 1 cent in April to $3.18* Compared
with a year ago, hourly earnings were up 20 cents
or 6.7 percent.
Average weekly earnings were virtually unchanged over the month. Among the major industries, increases in weekly earnings in construction and trade were countered by declines
in manufacturing, mining, and finance, insurance,
and real estate*
Over the year ending in March 1970, average
weekly earnings rose by 5.6 percent; after adjustment for consumer price changes, however,
earnings were down by 0.4 percent.

New Statistics on the Reasons Why Workers Are Unemployed
Kathryn D. Hoyle*
Regular publication of seasonally adjusted
data on unemployed persons, classified by the
reason why they became unemployed, begins
with this issue of Employment and Earnings and
will continue on a monthly basis. Information on
whether unemployed persons had lost their last
job, left it, or were entering the labor force—
either as reentrants or new workers—has previously been available only on an actual basis
(not seasonally adjusted). The more detailed
information, which is not seasonally adjusted,
will continue to appear in table A-12.
Beginning with the current issue, a new table
(A-35) is being presented which provides seasonally adjusted data on unemployed per sons who
lost their last job, left their last job, reentered
the labor force, or never worked before. These
data will be presented in terms of levels, percent distributions, and as a percent of the civilian labor force. The historical data for the new
seasonally adjusted data from January 1967
(when the series began) appear on page 9.
During the period that information on the
reasons for unemployment has been available \
the job-loser group has shown itself, to be the
most sensitive to economic conditions. All of
the decrease in unemployment that occurred
from July 1967 to December 1968 (the recent
low point for the unemployment level) occurred
in this group. Since then, unemployment has
been increasing, and job loss has constituted
almost 55 percent of rise. Most of the rest—
about one-fourth of the total—has been due to an
increase among unemployed reentrants.
Definitions
Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment are divided into the f o l l o w i n g four
categories:

B. All other job losers who had their employment involuntarily terminated and
who began looking for work within a
comparatively short time span (including persons forced to retire who immediately began look for work).
II. Persons who left their last job by voluntarily terminating their employment and
who began looking for work within a comparatively short time span (including persons who voluntarily retired and immediately began looking for work).
III. Persons who reentered the labor force and
who had previously worked at a full-time
job lasting 2 weeks or longer but were out
of the labor force prior to beginning to
look for work*
IV. Persons who never worked before at a
full-time job lasting 2 weeks or longer
and who began looking for work.
When the above groups are calculated as a
percent of the civilian labor force, the results
are often called unemployment rates. However,
they are not true unemployment rates as the
term is generally used. For most unemployment
rates, the numerator and denominator consist
of groups with largely similar characteristics.
For example, the unemployment rate for adult
men is "every unemployed adult male" divided
by "every adult male in the labor force," and
the unemployment rate for manufacturing is
"every unemployed worker who last worked
in manufacturing" divided by "the entire manufacturing labor force." Instead of this, the
job-loser rate is "unemployed job losers"
divided by "everyone in the labor force;" the
reentrant rate is " u n e m p l o y e d reentrants"

I. Persons who lost their last job
A. Persons on layoff, either temporary or
indefinite.




*Of the Division of Employment and Unemployment Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

divided by "everyone in the labor force," and
so forth. As the table below shows, in the case
of unemployed persons by reasons for unemployment, the composition of the numerator is
generally dissimilar from the makeup of the
denominator, which is the civilian labor force.
For example, nearly all of the new workers are
teenagers, but, in order to obtain the newworker rate, this group is divided by a labor
force that is overwhelmingly composed of adult
workers.

On the other hand, the ranges for the job-loser
and reentrant rates—groups which each accounted for 35 percent of unemployment in
1969—have been 0.7 and 0.5 percentage point,
respectively. The smaller categories of unemployment—job leavers and new workers—had
rates with ranges of only 0.2 and 0.3 percentage
point, respectively.
Because of the limitations brought out above,
the levels of unemployment by reason, rather

Unemployment and labor force in 1969
(percent distribution)
Both sexes, 16 to
19 years of age

Total
Unemployed
Job losers. .
Job leavers .
Reentrants .
New workers
Civilian labor
force

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Males, 20 years
of age and over

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

54.7
37.6
22.4
6.5

32.9
39.2
47.2
13.3

12.4
23.2
30.5
80.1

100.0

57.4

34.0

8.6

As a consequence of this anomaly, changes in
the unemployment situation for a particular
group in any one short period of time may not be
reflected in the rate for that group because the
labor force base may be reacting to influences
completely unrelated to that particular group.
For example, the level of unemployment for new
workers might begin to increase before the demand for experienced workers slackened; however, if the civilian labor force were still
^growing, this would disguise the increase in newworker unemployment as reflected in the newworker rate.
Another caution on interpreting the rates by
reason for unemployment is necessary. Since
each separate unemployed group is divided by
the entire labor force, as is total unemployment,
the rates by reasons are additive to the vOtal
unemployment rate. The smaller the unemployment group when measured against the entire
labor force, the smaller is the change in the
rate that will be shown for it. For example, in
the 40 months ending in April 1970, the total
unemployment rate has varied between 3.3 and
4.8 percent—a range of 1.5 percentage points.




Females, 20 years
of age and over

than the rates, are probably more valuable in
analyzing short-term trends.
Composition
Job losers. The underlying reasons why a person loses a job are perhaps the most easily and
widely understood. The individual job loser is a
person who often has little control over job loss,
which may result from business failure, decreased workload, m e c h a n i z a t i o n , seasonal
work, forced retirement, layoff, and so forth.
A person also may be a job loser for reasons
other than economic—discrimination by a supervisor, poor work habits, inability to learn the
necessary skills, and other reasons. On an annual average basis in 1969, adult men constituted about 55 percent of all unemployed job
losers; women about 35 percent; and teenagers
about 10 percent.
Job leavers. The reasons why some people
leave one job only to begin looking ffor another
are varied. Some of the reasons for quitting a
job are unsuitable or unacceptable conditions
such as differences with the boss, unpleasant

working conditions, low wages, no opportunity
for advancement. Some persons can look for a
better job while remaining on their present one;
others have to quit in order to look. Other persons quit in anticipation of job loss. Three-fourths
of the unemployed job leavers in 1969 were adult
workers, about.equally divided between men and
women.
Entrants. Reentrants and new workers often
have similar reasons for entering the labor
force, which vary more by age and sex than by
previous work experience. In 1969, nearly half
of the unemployed reentrants were adult women,
30 percent were teenagers, and 20 percent were
adult men. The vast majority of new workers,
however, were teenagers (80 percent).
Two-fifths of the unemployed entrants were
seeking temporary work in 1969; teenagers constituted 60 percent of this group. Although many
of these youngsters are not forced to work by
economic necessity, some of them do need temporary jobs to help pay for school or family
expenses. These young workers also need to accumulate work experience, but their very lack
of experience and their age make it especially
difficult for them to find jobs.
Persons who had permanently left school
(either graduates or dropouts) constituted a little
more than 10 percent of the unemployed entrants
in 1969. Many of these youths had worked at
summer or part-time jobs and were looking for
their first permanent full-time jobs.
Half of the unemployed entrants had various
c
'other" reasons for entering the labor force.
The most frequently given ''other" reason is
financial need. Also, some persons drop out of
the labor force temporarily because of sickness
and return to look for work. Others leave the
labor force to supplement educational or vocational skills and return when the new skills have
been acquired.
Divorce, s e p a r a t i o n , and illness or death of
a husband force many women to enter the job
market to support themselves and their children. Others leave the labor force when their
families relocate but return to look for work




when the new household is set up. Still others
who want to work can enter the labor force only
after their children have reached school age.
While seasonal work is the primary reason
for reentry among adult men, other reasons include discharge from the Armed Forces, illness,
and, to a lesser extent, release from hospitals,
prisons, or other insitutions.

Seasonal AdjustmentJProcedure
In developing seasonal adjustment factors for
the new series, the usual Bureau of Labor Statistics procedures, which require 8 years of
data, could not be used. The series on reasons
for unemployment consisted of only 3 years of
data, so a modified method was used. The technique was a simple ratio to a 12-month centered
moving average as described in standard statistical textbooks. This method was deemed particularly applicable because the period for which
data were available (1967-69) was free of any
marked cyclical patterns.
Because of the use of a different method of
seasonal adjustment, unemployment by reason
may not add to precisely the same level or rate
as total unemployment*]/

Standard Errors
Since the estimates for unemployment by
reason are based on a sample, they may differ
from the figures that would have been obtained
if a complete census using the same schedules
and procedures had been possible. The standard
error is a measure of sampling variability, that
is, the variation that might occur by chance because only a sample of the population is surveyed.

1/ Also, the introduction of the compositing
method in the first 6 months of the new series
introduced differences from total unemployment
during that period.

The standard e r r o r s at the 1.6-sigma level
of confidence for the seasonally adjusted levels
of u n e m p l o y m e n t by reason are given
below.
Standard error at 1.6 sigma
on seasonally adjusted unemployment level by reason
(in thousands)
Estimated level of
unemployment (in
thousands)
Monthly level
100
20
200
29
300....
35
400
41
500
46
600
50
700
54
800 '.'.'. 1 . ' . ' . . . ' •
58
900
61
1,000
64
1,500....
79
2,000
91
2,500
102
3,000
HI




Month-tomonth change
(consecutive
months only)
25
35
43
50
56
61
65
70
74
77
94
107
117
127

The standard errors for the unemployment
rates by reason vary from each other only when
the percents differ. This is because all four rates
are computed on the same base— the entire
civilian labor force. Therefore, if the job-loser
and new-worker rates were identical, their
standard errors would be the same. The standard
errors at the 1.6-sigma level of significance for
the seasonally adjusted unemployment rates by
reason, based on the current levels of employment and unemployment, are given below.

Unemployment rate
by reason
0.1
.2
3
.4
.5
.7
1.0.
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0

Standard error at 1.6 sigma
on percentage point change
in the seasonally adjusted
unemployment rate by reason (consecutive month-tomonth change only)
0.03
.03
.05
.05
.06
.06
.08
.10
.10
.11
.13

SEASONALLY ADJUSTED SERIES
LOST LAST JOB
FEB.

MAR.

APR.

MAY

JUN.

JUL.

AUG.

1,188 1,184
1,216 1,181
954
968

1,166
1,137
992

1,271
1,053
1,051

1, 234
1, 066
1,029

1,404
1,027
1,055

1,230
1,054
1,009

It 193
1,059
981

JAN.
IN THOUSANDS
1967..........
1968..........
1969..........

SEPT.

OCT.

NOV.

OEC.

AVG.

1,223
1,014
993

1,243
982
1,010

1,234
975
1,033

1,249
944
1,170

1,229
1,070
1,016

432
439
452

464
409
433

484
392
411

453
420
426

464
408
455

438
431
436

904
908
1,
,041

921
882
1,
,079

937
862
1,
,079

911
889
999

887
912
916

945
908
964

441
387
411

417
407
495

431
391
462

42 6

396
358

398
420
358

428
406
413

1.6
1.2
1.2

1.6
1.2
1.3

1.6
1.2
1• 4

1.6
1.4
1.3

LEFT LAST JQ3
IN THOUSANDS
1967.••••*••«•
1968.•••••••••

403
431
440

409
466
409

405
462
414

414
427
445

473
468
400

435
416
451

426
444
434

REENTERED LABOR FORCE
IN THOUSANDS
1967...
1963.........
1969..

182
826
976

998
921
891

1,044
893
931

919
907
929

960
863
985

879
1,001
843

NEVER WORKED
IN THOUSANDS
1967.........
196b.........
1969.........

465
406
411

434
408
408

1967.
1968.
1969.

1.5
1.6
1.2

1.5
1. 5
1.2

441
408
411

463
397
425

407
421
399

425
417
400

854
970
967

BEFORE

415
413
427

JOB LOSERS AS PERCENT OF ENTIRE CIVILIAN LABOR

1.5
1.4
1.2

1.7
1.3
1.3

1.6
1.4
1.3

1• 8
1.3
1.3

1.6
1.3
1.2

1.5
1 .3
1.2

JOB LEAVERS AS PERCENT OF ENTIRE CIVILIAN LABOR
1967.
1968.
1969.

.5
.6
•6

.5
•6
.5

.5
.6
• 5

.5
.5
.6

.6
.6
.5

•6
.5
.6

.6
.6
.5

•6
.6
.6

FORCE

1.6
1.3
1.2

FORCE

.6
.5
.6

.6
.5
.5

.6
•5
.5

.6
.5
•6

.5
.5

REENTRANTS AS PERCENT OF ENTIRE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
1967.
1968.
1969.

1.5
1.1
1.2

1.3
1.2
1. 1

1.4
1. 1
1.2

1.2
1.2
1.2

1.3
I.1
1.2

1.1
1.3
1.0

1.1
1.2
1.2

1 .2
1.2
1.3

1.2
1.1
1.3

1.2
1. 1
1.3

1.2
1. 1
1.2

1.1
1.1
1. 1

1. 2
1.2
1.2

.6
.5
.6

.5
.5
.4

u.

.5
.4

.6
.5
.5

N W ENTRANTS AS PERCENT OF ENTIRE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
E
1967.
1968.
1969.

.6
.5
.5

•6
.5
.5

.6
.5
,5

.6
.5
.5

.5
.5
.5

•6

.5
.5

.5
.5
.5

.6

•5
.5

.5
.5
.6

N T : The above levels and rates of unemployment should not be expected to add to the seasonally adjusted total unemployment r a t e ,
OE
because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the reasons series. Additional variation exists in the f i r s t 6 months of 1967 because
of the introduction of the compositing estimation procedures.




Teenage Employment Requirements in the Summer of 1970
for Select Urban Areas
Paul M. Schwab*
The difficulties in obtaining employment that
confront teenagers in our large cities become
particularly acute during the summer months
(June-August), when large numbers of these
young people enter the job market at the same
time. In light of the recent national trend toward
higher unemployment, the job-hunting obstacles
facing youths this summer may be more severe
than at any time in recent years. 1/ The estimates of the teenage labor force for the summer
of 1970 presented here are intended to provide
a rough indicator of the number of jobs that will
be needed this summer in the Nation and its
major urban areas.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that,
of the average of 2.8 million teenagers who will
enter the U.S. labor force between the spring and
summer of this year, 2/ approximately twothirds will be students looking for summer jobs,
while the remainder will be high school graduates
looking for permanent employment. If the same
proportion of all teenage jobseekers are to find
jobs this summer as in last, at least2.2 million
additional permanent and temporary jobs will be
needed between this spring and summer.
In the Nation's 20 largest metropolitan areas,
about 2.6 million youths will be in the labor force
this coming summer, somewhat more than in 1969.
The number of jobs available during this summer, therefore, will have to be 75,000 greater
than last year's total just to maintain the same
rate of joblessness in both years. If all 16-19
year-olds seeking jobs in these cities were to
find employment, 450,000 more jobs would be
needed than were needed in 1969.




Many young people will have found jobs during the winter and spring and, therefore, will not
be hunting for jobs initially during the summer
months. Roughly 1.7 million teenagers were
estimated to be employed in these 20 metropolitan areas in the spring of 1970, slightly more
than were employed a year ago. Many of these
jobs, however, are part-time positions held by
students who will probably seek full-time employment either for the school vacation period
or for the beginning of their working career
upon graduation*
The Bureau of Labor Statistics has been r e porting these projected summer job needs for
the past few years. Although both the teenage
labor force and the number of employed youths
increased moderately in the summer of 1969,
these gains remained well below the exceptionally strong increases posted in 1966, when there
was a large increase in the teenage population.
As in recent years, the jobless rate for black
youths continued to be more than double the rate
for white teenagers. In order to attain parity
between these two groups, efforts to utilize manpower programs and to continue to attack discriminatory practices must be strengthened.
*Of the Division of Employment and Unemployment Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
1/ For a brief profile of summer job prospects in the Nation as a whole, see Occupation
Outlook Quarterly, Bureau of Labor Statistics,
Spring 1970, pp. 1-9.
2/ An even greater number of teenagers will
enter the labor force at some time during the
summer,




Projected teenage labor force in the 20 largest metropolitan areas, summer 1970
Teenage
i
x
employment
m^r»
summer 1969

"WJWlw
teenage
/
.
employment
. * „„
spring 1970

Projected
,,
r
labor force
1ft _ n
summer 1970

Total United States

7,590,000

5,605,000

9,070,000

Total 20 Areas

2,180,000

1,700,000

2,615,000

325,000
225,000
255,000
165,000
170,000
80,000
115,000
70,000
75,000
100,000
85,000
75,000
60,000
85,000
45,000
60,000
50,000
50,000
30,000
60,000

240,000
215,000
200,000
110,000
130,000
75,000
85,000
55,000
65,000
65,000
60,000
60,000
40,000
75,000
35,000
45,000
40,000
30,000
25,000
50,000

380,000
290,000
305,000
195,000
205,000
100,000
130,000
95,000
90,000
120,000
100,000
90,000
75,000
95,000
55,000
70,000
60,000
60,000
45,000
65,000

Metropolitan area

New York
,
Los Angeles-Long Beach.
Chicago
,
Philadelphia
Detroit
San Francisco-Oakland .,
Boston
Pittsburgh
St. Louis
Washington, D.C
Cleveland
Baltimore
Newark . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minneapolis—St. Paul...
Buffalo
Houston . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Milwaukee
Paterson-Clifton-Passaic
Cincinnati
Dallas

NOTE: The above estimates have been calculated using 1969 labor force participation
and unemployment rates.

LABOR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT
1957 to date
(Seasonally adjusted)
MILLION?

MILLIONS

no

»->^

86

86

84

84

82

82

^

80

^

80

78

78

Tota 1 labor force

76
+ —* • «

72
—— ^

_

68
• ^ - ***

66

*«- —
Civilia n labor force

^
^

IS"

'
^ . Tntn
—

64

*

•

76

^*
y ^/

74

70

H

* ~

74
72
70
68
66

* *

64

\ ^

62
t^

60

62

Nonagricultural employment

60

58

58

56

i

L
1957

1959

1961

1963

1965 1966

-

iiiiiiiiin
1967

1968

Quarterly averages

Chart 2.

1969

1.71
1970

Monthly data

MAJOR UNEMPLOYMENT INDICATORS
1953 to date
(Seasonally adjusted)

PERCENT
10.0

PERCENT
10.0
t nf lahnr

9.0

l\\

8.0
7.0

III 111IIII1 Mi

f

9.0

orce time lost

IAI

JX
Jit\\v

8.0
7.0

Unemployment rate- | / | \ \ y
all civilian workers K \ V

6.0
i

5.0

«•

6.0

V\

4.0

I
f
f

3.0

1
V
\

j

J

5.0

j/

1

W

4.0

I

Un employment re temarried men

3.0

X.
/

2.0

***

2.0

/
-

^

^

^

1.0

1.0
i I I 1 1 1 II 111 11 1111 1111 1 11 1111 111 11 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1

0
1953

1955

1957

1959

1961

1963

19651966

1967

Quarterly averages

1969

Monthly data

Series revised beginning 1963 to reflect whether unemployed persons sought full-or part-time jobs




1968

12

1970

0

Chart 3.

PAYROLL EMPLOYMENT IN GOODS-PRODUCING INDUSTRIES
1957 to date
(Seasonally adjusted)

MILLIONS

MILLIONS
14

14

12

10

^ 1

10

Nondurable3 goods

- —^

• — —

•

-——

••MB

—

6;

V

\ericult jm *

]

A

Cot tract c onstruc tion _
*

M

^

—

2

Mirling—11111111111111111111111 111111111111 11111111111111111,0
1968
1969
1970
1967

0

,1957

1959

1965 1966

1961
1963
Quarterly averages

Monthly data

"Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers.
Note:

Data for 2 most recent months are preliminary.

Chart 4.

PAYROLL EMPLOYMENT IN SERVICE PRODUCING INDUSTRIES
1957todate
(Seasonally adjusted)

MILLIONS

MILLIONS
16

ID

14

Whole: >ale anj retail trade^
-—^

12

»••

•

10

Serv i c e ^

•i

—

^ ^

^ ^
— * —

6:

m

~

—-*

Stat 3 and 1)cal governme nti
Transportation an d publi : utiliti »S

4

**—i

— Finarice , in
suranc i and real estate—- •

••

*

•

1

I

>vernment
Federal gc
Illlllllllll

0'

1957

1959

' 1961

1963

1965 1966

Quarterly averages
Note:




Data for 2 most recent months are preliminary.

13

1967

llllllllllirf n

1968 1969
Monthly data

1970

Chart 5 .

UNEMPLOYMENT RATES BY AGE AND SEX
1953 to date
PERCENT

(Seasonally adjusted)

ID

lb

n

16

Teenagers/
14
12
10
8

A

|\/

/
/

\r\
if ^
1
17

1 A

I
[

\

PERCENT
1O

1 A
^
/

\

V\

/

\
\

12

r f

8

6

*

If

1

14

r

n A

10

IT

4

IJ

AI

\

Ar
V

4

16

1

V

/ £ \ W o m e n 2^ years

and over

^s
/len 20 years and over

2

6

f

/*

4

,-^%
^

^—.

2
I l l l l l l l l l l J1IJ1111111

n
1953

1955

1957

1959
1961
Quarterly averages

1963

1965 1966

1967

Illll Mill

1968
1969
Monthly data

IIIII

nun

n

1970

Chart 6.

TOTAL UNEMPLOYMENT BY DURATION
1953 to date
(Seasonally adjusted)

MILLIONS
7

MILLIONS
7
6

6
5

v

3

1

2

A
in

-

5

/A

Total unernployment

4

4

**—

r

3

^

2

1

1

0

0
DURATION OF UNEMPLOYMENT AS A PERCENT OF THE TOTAL
PERCENT
80

PERCENT
80

A

A

60

40

20

Illllllllll

1953




1955

1957

1959
1961
Quarterly averages

1963

1965 1966

1967

1968

Illllllllll

1969

Monthly data

14

iiiiiiiini

1970

Chart 7.

HOURS OF WORK IN TOTAL PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL
ESTABLISHMENTS, MANUFACTURING, AND TRADE
1957 to date

HOURS
42.0

HOURS
42.0

(Seasonally adjusted)

41.0

M anufad urmg

41.0

^ — -

40.0

y

40.0

f
. ^

39.0

\ /

T()tal pri\/ate

Who esale a id reta It7a7e

38.0

\

•

|

39.0

^

38.0

v—^.

37.0

37.0
.36.0

36.0
V

35.0

35.0

T

if 0

1 II 1 1 II 1 111111 1 11111 1 1 1 IN 1 II 1 1 1
1 1 ii

OVERTIME HOURS IN MANUFACTURING
5
4
^liinwi

hv—

urn u,

3
2
1

1 1 1 1 II 1 1 1 1 1
1
1111111111 n I l l l l l l l l l I 1

1957

1959

1961
1963
Quarterly averages

1965 1966

1967

0

1968
1969
Monthly data

1970

^Includes eating and drinking establishments, not previously available.
Note: Data for 2 most recent months are preliminary.

Chart 8.

AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS IN TOTAL PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL
ESTABLISHMENTS, MANUFACTURING, AND TRADE
1957 to date

DOLLARS
150

DOLLARS
150

140
j

V-

110

^

100

^

y
/—

130
120

/

110
100

r

M< nufact jringy s

•—*

*

^y
^ ^

Tc tal pri\/ate

r—

*

^
\
Whol Bsale arid retai trade

70

60

60
:

1 1 1

1957

1959

1961
1963
Quarterly averages

1965

* Includes eating and drinking establishments, not previously javailable.
Note: Data for 2 most recent months are preliminary.




15

1966

1967

1
1
1 1 1 II 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 in 1
1 1 1 11

1968
1969
Monthly data

1970

Chart 9.

EMPLOYMENT IN NONFARM OCCUPATIONS
1958 to date
(Seasonally adjusted quarterly averages)
MILLIONS
18

WHITE-COLLAR WORKERS

MILLIONS
18

MILLIONS
17

BLl E-COLLAR AND SERVICE WORKERS

MILLIONS
17

1958

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

Excludes household workers.




16

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

chart io.-

PERSONS AT WORK IN NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES
BY FULL- AND PART-TIME STATUS
1957 to date
(Seasonally adjusted quarterly averages)

MILLIONS

FULL-TIME S C H E D U L E S

MILLIONS
04

64

62

62

60

60

MM

58

58

56

56

54

54

Full-time wor k e r s - ^
52

52

50

50
/

48

~

^

48

W

46

46

i

i i

U

MILLIONS

PART-TIME SCHEDULES

1 1 1

U

MILLIONS

12
11

11

10

10

9

9
8

8

Workers on voluntary—v
part-time schedules
\

7

7

y—

6

6

^

5

5

x—>y

4
/

4

r- Workers on part time
for economic reasons

3

3
•

'

2

^

-

' N

^

"

^
2
s _ ••• — «

1

1
i

n
1957




1958

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

17

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

i i

1969

1 1

1970

1

o

Chart 11.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATES BY OCCUPATION
1958 to date
(Seasonally adjusted quarterly averages)

White-collar workers

Percent
6.0

Percent
6.0
5.0

5.0
/

4.0

•-»•

^

4.0

*

3.0

3.0

^

Professional and technical
2.0

2.0
1

1.0

1

M

1.0

Managers, officials and proprietors
l

i

i

Blue-collar workers
18.0
17.0
16.0
15.0
14.0
13.0
12.0
11.0
10.0
9.0
8.0
7.0

18.0

1

17.0

K
/V

A
/ \ N Dnfarm \i borers

A
/V
\ K \J/
Av
'X
N
\
N •< A
V
r

16.0
15.0
1.4.0

\

13.0
\

/

\

V

\

Opera ives

s\

A
\

12.0
11.0
10.0

>

9.0
8.0
7.0

A

6.0
5.0
4.0

6.0
5.0
4.0

Craftsmen and forerrlen

3.0

3.0

2.0

2.0

1.0

1.0




Service and farm workers
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0
1958

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

18

1965

1966

1967

196.8 1969

1970

UNEMPLOYMENT RATES BY COLOR
1957 to date
PERCENT

(Seasonally adjusted quarterly averages)

PERCENT
10

1

15

13

/ \

13

1
/

11

\

/

9

Negro and other races

V \J

i

11

9

A

N

.

^ ^

7

7

/

/

5

f

^^s

^

\

5
w

White

^—s_
^

,

'

3

^

• ^

-

m

3
1
n

1

o

RATIO

3

—«*.

2

RATIO OF NEGRO TO WHITE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

RAT

6
^

»-"••%

*+—^^

^—s-

—

i

^

2

^

1

1

o

,0

i

1957

1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

Chart 13.




i i

STATE INSURED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
Week ending April 18, 1970
(Not seasonally adjusted)

Insured jobless under State unemployment insurance programs excludes workers
who have exhausted their benefit rights, new workers, and persons from jobs
not covered by State unemployment insurance programs.
Source Manpower Administration

19

i l l

o

1970

MONTHLY

TABLES

HOUSEHOLD

DATA

Page

Employment Status
A - 1: Employment status of the noninstitutional population, 1929 to date
A - 2: Employment status of the noninstitutional population 16 years and over
by sex, 1947 to date
A - 3: Employment status of the noninstitutional population by sex, age, and color. . .
A - 4: Labor force by sex, age, and color
A - 5:
Employment status of persons 16-21 years of age in the noninstitutional
population by color and sex .
A - 6: Employment status of the noninstitutional population 16 years and over by
sex, age, and color
A - 7: Full- and part-time status of the civilian labor force by age and sex
Characteristics of the Unemployed
A- 8: Unemployed persons by
A - 9: Unemployed persons by
A-10: Unemployed persons by
A - 1 1 : Unemployed persons by
A-12: Unemployed persons by
A-13: Unemployed persons by
A-14: Unemployed persons by
A-15: Unemployed persons by
A-16: Unemployed persons by

sex and age
marital status, sex, age, and color
occupation of last job and sex.
industry of last job and sex
reason for unemployment, sex, age, and color
reason for unemployment, duration, sex, and age
duration of unemployment
duration, sex, age, color, and marital status.
duration, occupation, and industry of last job

23
24
25
27
29
29
30
,

Characteristics of the Employed
A-17: Employed persons by sex and age
A-18: Employed persons by occupation group, sex and age
A-19: Employed persons by major occupation group, color, and sex .
A-20: Employed persons by class of worker, age, and sex
A-21: Employed persons with a job but not at work by reason, pay status, and sex. . .
A-22: Persons at work by type of industry and hours of work
A-23: Persons at work 1-34 hours by usual status and reason working part-time
A-24: Nonagricultural workers by industry and full- or part-time status
A-25: Persons at work in nonagricultural industries by full- or part-time status,
sex, age, color, and marital status
A-26: Persons at work in nonfarm occupations by full- or part-time status and sex . .
Characteristics of 14 and 15 Year-olds
A-27: Employment status of 14-15 year-olds by sex and color
A-28: Employed 14-15 year-olds by sex, class of worker, and major
occupation group
Seasonally Adjusted Employment and Unemployment Data
A-29: Employment status of the noninstitutional population by age and sex,
seasonally adjusted
A-30: Full- and part-time status of the civilian labor force by sex and age,
seasonally adjusted
A-31: Employment status by color, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
A-32: Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment, seasonally adjusted
A-33: Major unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted .
A-34: Rates of unemployment by age and sex, seasonally adjusted
A-35: Unemployed persons by reasons for unemployment, seasonally adjusted
A-36: Employed persons by age and sex, seasonally adjusted
A-37: Employed persons by major occupation group, seasonally adjusted




21

31
31
32
32
33
33
34
34
35
35
36
37
38
39
39
40
40
41
43
45
45

46

r

46
47
47
48
49
49
50
50

MONTHLY TABLES (Continued)
ESTABLISHMENT

DATA

Employment—National

ag@

B-1:
B-2:
B-3:
B-4:

51
52
60

B-5:
B-6:

Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry division, 1919 to date
Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry
Women employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry1 . .*
. . , ..
Indexes of employment on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry division* 1919 u *&.£..
monthly data seasonally adjusted
Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry, seasonally adjusted
Production workers in industrial and construction activities, seasonally adjusted . . . .

6
68
69

Employment—State and Area
B-7:
Employees on nonagricultural payrolls for States and selected areas, by industry
division
Hours and Earnings—National
C-1:
Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers on private
nonagricultural payrolls, 1947 to date
C-2: Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers on private
nonagricultural payrolls, by industry
C-3: Employment, hours, and indexes of earnings in the Executive Branch of the Federal
Government
C-4: Average hourly earnings excluding overtime of production workers on manufacturing
payrolls, by industry
,. .
C-5: Gross and spendable average weekly earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers on
private nonagricultural payrolls, in current and 1957-59 dollars
.
C-6:
Indexes of aggregate weekly man-hours and payrolls in industrial and construction
activities
C-7: Average weekly hours of production or nonsupervisory workers on private nonagricultural payrolls, seasonally adjusted
C-8:
Indexes of aggregate weekly man-hours in industrial and construction activities,
seasonally adjusted
,
C-9: Cfutput per man-hour, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs, private economy,
seasonally adjusted
Hours and Earnings—State and Area
C-10: Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls, by State and
selected areas .
Labor
D-1:
D-2:
D-3:

Turnover—National
Labor turnover rates in manufacturing, 1959 to date
Labor turnover rates, by industry
Labor turnover rates in manufacturing, 1959 to date, seasonally adjusted

Labor Turnover—State and Area
D-4:
L a b o r t u r n o v e r rates i n m a n u f a c t u r i n g f o r selected States a n d areas . . . . .

.
.

81
82
94
94
95
95
96
97
98

99
103
104
109
110

UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE DATA
E-1:
E-2:

Insured unemployment under State programs
Insured unemployment in 150 major labor areas

'Quarterly data included in February, May, August, and November issues.




22

113
114

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A. 1: Employment status of the noninstitutiona! population, 1929 to date
(In thousands)
Civilian labor force

Total labor force

Year and month

Employed

Total
noninstitutional
popula-

Agriculture

popula-

Unemployed
Percent of
labor force

Nonagricultural
industries

Not
seasonally
adjusted

Seasonally
adjusted

Not in
labor
force

Persons 14 years of age and over

15.9
23.6
24.9

-

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

11,340
10,610
9,030
7,700
10,390

21.7
20.1
16.9
14.3
19.0

-

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

36,140
37,980
41,250
44,500
45,390

9,480
8,120
5,560
2,660
1,070

17.2
14.6

45,010
44,240
46,930
49,557

670

1,040
2,270
2,356

1.2
1.9
3.9
3.9

_
-

38,590
40,230
45,550
45,850

7,891
7,629

49,148
50,713

2,311
2,276

3.9
3.8

-

42,477
42,447

57,649
58,920
59,962
60,254
61,181

7,656
7,160
6,726
6,501
6,261

49,990
51,760
53,239
53,753
54,922

3,637
3,288
2,055
1,883
1,834

5.9
5.3
3.3
3.0
2.9

-

42,708
42,787
42,604
43,093
44,041

63,643
65,023
66,552
66,929
67,639

60,110
62,171
63,802
64,071
63,036

6,206
6,449
6,283
5,947
5,586

53,903
54,724
57,517
58,123
57,450

3,532
2,852
2,750
2,859
4,602

5.5
4.4
4.1
4.3
6.8

«
-

44,678
44,660
44,402
45,336
46,088

.60.2
60.2
60.2
59.7
59.6

68,369
69,628
70,459
70,614
71,833

64,630
65,778
65,746
66,702
67,762

5,565
5,458
5,200
4,944
4,687

59,065
60,318
60,546
61,759
63,076

3,740
3,852
4,714
3,911
4,070

5.5
5.5
6.7
5.5
5.7

-

46,960
47,617
48,312
49,539
50,583

75,830
77,178
78,893
80,793
82,272
84,239

59.6
59.7
60.1
60.6
60.7
61.1

73,091
74,455
75,770
77,347
78,737
80,733

69,305
71,088
72,895
74,372
75,920
77,902

4,523
4,361
3,979
3,844
3,817
3,606

64,782
66,726
68,915
70,527
72,103
74,296

3,786
3,366
2,875
2,975
2,817
2,831

5.2
4.5
3.8
3.8
3.6
3.5

-

51,394
52,058
52,288
52,527
53,291
53,602

137,337
137,935
138,127
138,317
138,539
138,732
138,928

83,137
86,318
86,046
84,527
85,038
84,920
84,856

60.5
62.6
62.3
61.1
61.4
61.2
61.1

79,621
82,797
82,516
80,984
81,510
81,427
81,416

77,079
79,616
79,646
78,026
78,671
78,716
78,788

3,607
4,155
3,977
3,629
3,561
3,322
2,984

73,471
75,460
75,669
74,397
75,110
75,395
75,805

2,542
3,182
2,869
2,958
2,839
2,710
2,628

3.2
3.8
3.5
3.7
3.5
3.3
3.2

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.8
3.8
3.5

3.5

54,200
51,617
52,081
53,790
53,501
53,812
54,072

139,099
139,298
139,497
139,687

84,105
84,625
85,008
85,231

60.5
60.8
60.9
61.0

80,719
81,283
81,690
81,960

77,313
77,489
77,957
78,408

2,915
2,994
3,171
3,531

74,398
74,495
74,786
74,877

3,406
3,794
3,733
3,552

4.2
4.7

3.9
4.2
4.4
4.8

54,993
54,673
54,489
54,456

(1)
(1)

49,180
49,820
50,420
51,000
51,590

47,630
45,480
42,400
38,940
38,760

10,450
10,340
10,290
10,170
10,090

37,180
35,140
32,110
28,770
28,670

1,550
4,340
8,020
12,060
12,830

52,490
53,140
53,740
54,320
54,950

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

52,230
52,870
53,440
54,000
54,610

40,890
42,260
44,410
46,300
44,220

9,900
10,110
10,000
9,820
9,690

30,990
32,150
34,410
36,480
34,530

55,600
56,180
57,530
60,380
64,560

(1)

100,380
101,520
102,610
103,660

56.0
56.7
58.8
62.3

55,230
55,640
55,910
56,410
55,540

45,750
47,520
50,350
53,750
54,470

9,610
9,540
9,100
9,250
9,080

1944
1945....
1946
1947

104,630
105,530
106,520
107,608

66,040
65,300
60,970
61,758

63.1
61.9
57.2
57.4

54,630
53,860
57,520
60,168

53,960
52,820
55,250
57,812

8,950
8,580
8,320
8,256

1947
1948

103,418
104,527

60,941
62,080

58.9
59.4

59,350
60,621

57,039
58,344

1949
1950
1951
1952
1953

105,611
106,645
107,721
108,823
110,601

62,903
63,858
65,117
65,730
66,560

59.6
59.9
60.4
60.4
60.2

61,286
62,208
62,017
62,138
63,015

111,671
112,732
113,811
115,065
116,363

66,993
68,072
69,409
69,729
70,275

60.0
60.4
61.0
60.6
60.4

,
....

117,881
119,759
121,343
122,981
125,154

70,921
72,142
73,031
73,442
74,571

1964..............
1965
..*,......
1966
1967
1968
1969

127,224
129,236
131,180
133,319
135,562
137,841

1969:

April....,
July
,
August...,
September
October..
November.
December.

1970:

January..
February.
March
April.,..

1929
1930
1931
1932
1933

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

49,440
50,080
50,680
51,250
51,840

(1)
(1)
(I)

1934
1935
1936
1937
1938

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

1939
1940
1941
1942.
1943

(1)

3.2
8.7

9.9
4.7
1.9

_
-

(1)
44,200
43,990
42,230
39,100

Persons 16 years of age and over

,
,

1954
1955
1956
1957
1958

,

1959
I960.....
1961........
1962.......
1963,...,,

,
,

*Not available.




4.6
4.3

HOUSEHOLD DATA
A- 2: Employment status of the noninstitutional population 16 years and over by sex, 1947 to date
(In thousands)
Civilian labor force

Total labor force

Employed
Total
noninstitutional
population

Year, month, and sex

Number

1969*

.

Aoril
November

March
April...«...

1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1969:

FEMALE

Aoril
October

March
April




.

50,968
51,439
51,922
52,352
52,788
53,248
54,248
54,706
55,122
55,547
56,082
56,640
57,312
58,144
58,826
59,626
60,627
61,556
62 473
63,351
64,316
65,345
66,365

44,258
44,729
45,097
45,446
46,063
46,416
47,131
47,275
47,488
47,914
47,964
48,126
48,405
48,870
49,193
49,395
49,835
50,387
50,946
51,560
52,398
53,030
53,688

86.8
87.0
86.9
86.8
87.3
87.2
86.9
86.4
86.2
86.3
85.5
85.0
84.5
84.0
83.6
82.8
82.2
81.9
81.5
81.4
81.5
81.2
80.9

Total

Percent
of
population

MALE
1947
1948
1949
1950.
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
I960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

Unemployed

42,686
43,286
43,498
43,819
43,001
42,869
43,633
43,965
44,475
45,091
45,197
45,521
45,886
46,388
46,653
46,600
47,129
47,679
48,255
48,471
48,987
49,533
50,221

Agriculture

Nonagricultural
industries

40,994
41,726
40,926
41,580
41,780
41,684
42,431
41,620
42,621
43,380
43,357
42,423
43,466
43,904
43,656
44,177
44,657
45,474
46,340
46,919
47,479
48,114
48,818

6,643
6,358
6,342
6,001
5,533
5,389
5,253
5,200
5,265
5,039
4,824
4,596
4,532
4,472
4,298
4,069
3,809
3,691
3,547
3,243
3,164
3,157
2,963

34,351
35,368
34,584
35,578
36,248
36,294
37,178
36,418
37,357
38,340
38,532
37,827
38,934
39,431
39,359
40,108
40,849
41,782
42,792
43,675
44,315
44,957
45,854

Percent of
labor force
Number

1,692
1,559
2,572
2,239
1,221
1,185
1,202
2,344
1,854
1,711
1,841
3,098
2,420
2,486
2,997
2,423
2,472
2,205
1,914
1,551
1,508
1,419
1,403

Not
seasonally
adjusted

4.0
3.6
5.9
5.1
2.8
2.8
2.8
5.3
4.2
3.8
4.1
6.8
5.3
5.4
6.4
5.2
5.2
4.6
4.0
3.2
3.1
2.9
2.8

Season •
ally
adjusted

-

6,710
6,710
6,825
6,906
6,725
6,832
7,117
7,431
7,634
7,633
8,118
8,514
8,907
9,274
9,633
10,231
10,792
11,169
11,527
11,792
11,919
12,315
12,677
13,089
13,017
13,236
13,444
13,694
13,528
13,361
13,284

-

-

66,151
66,671
66,757
66,845

53,063
53,654
53,521
53,401

80.2
80.5
80.2
79.9

49,586
50,166
50,067
50,000

48,332
48,857
48,739
48,538

3,018
2,891
2,722
2,511

45,314
45,966
46,017
46,027

1,254
1,309
1,329
1,462

2.5
2.6
2.7
2.9

2.7
3.1
2.9
2.9

66,919
67,009
67,098
67,183

53,225
53,481
53,737
53,899

79.5
79.8
80.1
80.2

48,877
50,178
50,460
50,667

47,941
48,000
48,378
48,686

2,484
2,546
2,704
2,979

45,458
45,454
45,674
45,708

1,935
2,178
2,082
1,981

3.9
4,3
4.1
3.9

3.3
3.6
3.6
4,2

52,450
53,088
53,689
54,293
54,933
55,575
56,353
56,965
57,610
58,264
58,983
59,723
60,569
61,615
62,517
63,355
64,527
65,668
66,763
67,829
69,003
70,217
71,476

16,683
17,351
17,806
18,412
19,054
19,314
19,429
19,718
20,584
21,495
21,765
22,149
22,516
23,272
23,838
24,047
24,736
25,443
26,232
27,333
28,395
29,242
30,551

31.8
32.7
33.2
33.9
34.7
34.8
34.5
34.6
35.7
36.9
36.9
37.1
37.2
37.8
38.1
38.0
38.3
38.7
39.3
40.3
41.2
41.6
42.7

16,664
17,335
17,788
18,389
19,016
19,269
19,382
19,678
20,548
21,461
21,732
22,118
22,483
23,240
23,806
24,014
24,704
25,412
26,200
27,299
28,360
29.204
30,512

16,045
16,618
16,723
17,340
18,182
18,570
18,750
18,490
19,550
20,422
20,714
20,613
21,164
21,874
22,090
22,525
23,105
23,831
24,748
25,976
26,893
27,807
29,084

1,248
1,271
1,314
1,159
1,193
1,112
1,008
1,006
1,184
1,244
1,123

14,797
15,347
15,409
16,182
16,990
17,459
17,744
17,486
18,367
19,177
19,591
19,623
20,131
20,887
21,187
21,651
22,227
23,000
23,934
25,240
26,212
27,147
28,441

619
717
1,065
1,049
834
698
632
1,188
998
1,039
1,018
1,504
1,320
1,366
1,717
1,488
1,598
1,581
1,452
1,324
1,468
1,397
1,428

3.7
4.1
6.0
5.7
4.4
3.6
3.3
6.0
4.9
4.8
4.7
6.8
5.9
5.9
7.2
6.2
6.5
6.2
5.5
4.8
5.2
4.8
4.7

71,186
71,868
71,976
72,083
72,180
72,289
72,398
72,504

30,074
31,384
31,399
31,455
30,881
31,143
31,270
31,332

42.2
43.7
43.6
43.6
42.8
43.1
43.2
43.2

30,035
31,345
31,359
31,416
30,843
31,105
31,230
31,293

28,746
29,814
29,978
30,250
29,372
29,489
29,579
29,722

589
670
600
473

28,157
29,144
29,378
29,777
28,940
29,041
29,112
29,169

1,288
1,530
1,381
1,116

4.3
4.9
4.4
3.7

4.9
4.9
4.5
4.5

1,471
1,616
1,651
1,571

4.8
5.2
5.3
5.0

4.8
5.1
5.7
5.7

990

1,033
986
902
875
878
832
814
736
680
660
643

432
448
467
553

Not in
labor
force

-

-

-

35,767
35,737
35,883
35,881
35,879
36,261
36,924
37,247
37,026
36,769
37,218
37,574
38,053
38,343
38,679
39,308
39,791
40,225
40,531
40,496
40,608
40,976
40,924
41,111
40,484
40,577
40,629
41,299
41,146
41,128
41,172

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A - 3:

Employment status of the noninstitutional population by sex, a g e , and color
April 1970
(In thousands)
Total labor force

Civilian labor force

Not in labor force

Unemployed
Percent

Sex, age, and color

Employed

Keeping
house

Percent
of
labor
force

population

Going
to
school

Unable
to
work

MALE
16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years

53,899
6,820
4, 039
1,670
2,368

80.2
62.0
54.0
43.3
65,2

50,667
5,436
3,640
1,643
1,997

48,686
4,795
3,157
1,388
1,769

1,981
641
483
255
228

3.9
11.8
13.3
15.5
11.4

13,284
4,182
3,446
2,184
1,263

225
12
12
4
7

4,493
3,850
3,222
2,089
1,133

1,493
36
28
12
16

7,073
283
185
78
107

47,618
7, 166
33,277
6,474
5,436
5,301
5,583
5,569
4, 914

92.2
84.9
96.1
95.9
97.4
98.1
96.6
95.3
93.4

44,785
5,429
32,185
6,070
5,171
5,054
5,478
5,520
4,893

43,350
5,040
31,349
5,841
5,045
4,941
5,353
5,410
4,759

1,435
389
837
228
126
113
125
110
134

3.2
7.2
2.6
3.8
2.4
2.2
2.3
2.0
2.7

4,014
1,274
1,343
278
144
103
195
274
349

78
3
30
4
4
10
6
5

1,268
1,044
217
143
37
16
9
8
4

910
24
487
38
37
46
84
134
147

1,759
203
609
93
67
41
91
126
192

7, 175
4,,234
2,
,941
2,
,242
1,
,350
893

83.7
89.9
76.1
27.8
44.0
17.8

7,171
4,231
2,940
2,242
1,350
893

6,962
4,097
2,864
2,179
1,306
873

209
133
76
63
44
19

2.9
3.2
2.6
2.8
3.2
2.2

1,397
474
923
5,823
1,714
4,109

45
24
21
135
32
103

7
3
4
4
1
2

399
184
215
555
155
400

946
263
684
5,129
1,526
3,603

48,
,484
6,
,013
3.
.582
1,
,523
2 ,059

80.6
62.9
55*2
45.6
65.3

45,575
4,757
3,216
1,497
1,719

43,936
4,250
2,829
1,280
1,549

1,639
507
387
217
170

3.6
10.7
12.0
14.5
9*9

11,645
3,547
2,910
1,815
1,095

180
11
10
4
6

3,860
3,283
2,733
1,747
986

1,216
24
17
9

6,389
229
150
55
95

20 to 64 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years

42 ,848
6 ,308
29 ,965
10 ,620
9 ,785
9 ,561

92.6
84.9
96.6
96.9
97.7
95.1

40,305
4,730
29,003
10,033
9,476
9,494

39,114
4,417
28,310
9,749
9,272
9,290

1,192
313
693
284
205
205

3.0
6.6
2.4
2.8
2.2
2.2

3,406
1,119
1,057
340
226
492

55
3
17
3
7
8

1,124
937
182
153
17
12

734
20
365
57
101
207

1,493
159
492
126
101
265

55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over

6 ,575
3 ,869
2 ,706
2 ,055

84.2
90.4
76.7
27.8

6,571
3,866
2,706
2,055

6,386
3,751
2,635
1,994

185
115
70
60

2.8
3.0
2.6
2.9

1,230
409
822
5,329

35
18
17
114

5
3
2

348
157
192
465

842
231
611
4,746

5 ,414
807
457
147
309

76.8
56.0
46.0
28.5
64.8

5,092
679
424
146
278

4,750
545
328
108
221

342
134
95
38
57

6.7
19.7
22.5
26.2
20.6

1,639
635
537
369
168

45
1
1

633
567
489
342
147

277
12
11
3
8

684
54
35
23
11

88.7
84.7
92.1
94.0
93.9
87.5

4,480
699
3,182
1,208
1,056
918

4,236
623
3,038
l r 138
1,022
879

243
77
143
70
34
39

5.4
11.0
4.5
5.8
3,2
4.3

608
155
285
82
72
132

23

144
107
35
27
8

,

4 ,770
858
3 ,312
1 ,290
1,099
923

175
4
121
18
29
75

266
44
118
33
31
53

55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over . . . . . . .

600
365
235
188

78.2
84.8
69.8
27.5

600
365
234
188

576
347
229
185

24
18
6
3

4.0
5*0
2.4
1.5

167
66
102
494

10
6
4
21

51
28
23
91

104
32
72
383

20 to 64 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 29 years . .
30 to 34 years
35 to 39 years
40 to 44 years
45 to 49 years
50 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years . . . . . .
60 to 64 years
65 years and over
65 to 69 years
70 years and over .
White

16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years

Negro and other races

16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 64 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years




1

12
5
4
4

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A - 3 : E m p l o y m e n t s t a t u s o f t h e n o n i n s t i t u t i o n a l p o p u l a t i o n b y sex, a g e , a n d c o l o r — C o n t i n u e d
A p r i l 1970
(In thousands)
Total labor force

Civilian labor force

Not in labor force

Unemployed
Sex, age, and color
of
population

Unable
to
work

Keeping
house

Percent
of
labor
force

Employed

Other
reasons

FEMALE
16 years and over
16 to 21 years .
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years... . . . . . .
18 and 19 years. . . .

31,332
4,882
2,921
1,159
1,762

43.2
45.2
39.8
30.7
49.5

31,293
4,863
2,912
1,159
1,753

29,722
4,309
2,512
965
1,547

1,571
554
400
194
206

5.0
11.4
13.7
16.7
11.8

41,172
5,927
4,413
2,613
1,800

34,446
1,678
766
198
569

4,439
4,070
3,518
2,367
1,151

919
20
11
12

1,367
159
117
48
69

20 to 64 years
20 to 24 years . . . .
25 to 54 years
25 to 29 years ....
30 to 34 years
35 to 39 years
40 to 44 years
45 to 49 years . . . . . . .
50 to 54 years . . . . . . .

27,336
4,768
18,378
3,181
2,628
2,762
3,295
3,452
3,060

50.3
56.8
50.6
46.4
45.6
49.2
54.1
55.0
53.6

27,307
4,750
18,366
3,177
2,626
2,760
3,293
3,451
3,060

26,169
4,434
17,653
3,001
2,514
2,664
3,165
3,332
2,978

1,137
316
714
176
112
96
128
119
82

4.2
6.7
3.9
5.6
4.3
3.5
3.9
3.4
2.7

26,982
3,632
17,926
3,671
3,130
2,853
2,800
2,826
2,647

25,141
2,775
17,263
3,523
3,040
2,749
2,704
2,720
2,527

917
755
158
58
36
26
15
16

312
17
173
17
20
28
26
34
48

612
86
332
?3
33
50
55
56
64

55 to 64 years
.
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over . . . . . . . .
65 to 69 years
70 years and over

4,190
2,577
i,614
1,075
668
407

43.6
49.7
36.4
9.9
18.0
5.7

4,190
2,577
1,614
1,075
668
407

4,082
2,512
1,570
1,041
647
394

108
65
43
34
21
13

2.6
2.5
2.7
3.1
3.1
3.2

5,423
2,608
2,816
9,777
3,034
6,743

5,103
2,483
2,621
8,539
2,801
5,738

122
52
70
596
74
522

195
72
123
638
157
481

27,333
4,333
2,635
1,056
1,578

42.4
46.5
41.7
32.6
51.4

27,298
4,316
2,626
1,056
1,570

26,076
3,890
2,311
903
1,408

1,222
425
316
153
162

4.5
9.9
12.0
14.5
10.3

37,116
4,985
3,677
2,187
1,490

31,434
1,401
632
166
466

3,764
3,449
2,953
1,989
964

719
14

1,199
122
86
34
53

23,740
4,159
15,811
4,867
5,182
5,761

49.3
56.8
49.3
44.0
50.4
53.6

23,713
4,143
15,800
4,862
5,179
5,759

22,834
3,914
15,244
4,661
4,995
5,588

879
229
556
201
184
171

3.7
5.5
3.5
4.1
3.6
3.0

24,395
3,166
16,269
6,183
5,103
4,983

22,835
2,408
15,747
5,999
4,945
4,803

807
669
136
76
35
24

229
14
111
24
37
50

525
74
276
84
85
107

3,770
2,290
1,479
959

43.2
48.9
36.6
9.6

3,770
2,290
1,479
959

3,676
2,235
1,441
931

93
55
38
28

2.5
2.4
2.6
3.0

4,961
2,395
2,565
9,044

4,680
2,279
2,401
7,967

103
50
53
484

176
66
109
588

16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
.......
16 and 17 years . . . . . . . .
18 and 19 years

3,999
549
286
103
184

49.6
36.8
28.0
19.4
37.2

3,996
547
285
103
183

3,646
419
201
62
139

349
128
84
40
44

8.7
23.5
29.6
39.3
24.1

4,056
942
736
426
310

3,013
277
134
32
102

675
621
566
379
187

200
6
5
1
5

167
37
31
14
17

20 to 64 years
20 to 24 years . .
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years . . . . . . .

3,597
609
2,568
942
874
751

58.2
56.6
60.8
60.4
61.4
60.6

3,594
607
2,567
942
874
751

3,335
520
2,409
854
834
721

260
87
158
88
40
30

7.2
14.3
6.2
9.3
4.6
4.0

2,586
467
1,657
618
550
489

2,307
367
1,516
564
508
445

110
86
22
18
5

83
2
62
14
16
32

87
12
56
23
21
13

421
286
134
116

47.6
57.4
34.9
13.6

421
286
134
116

406
277
129
110

15
9
6
5

3.6
3.2
4.2
4.5

463
212
250
734

424
204
220
572

1
1

19
2
17
112

19
6
13
50

White

16 years and over
16 to 21 years .
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years

.

20 to 64 years
20 to 24 years.
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years . . .
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over
Negro and other races

55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over




HOUSEHOLD DATA

A - 4: Labor fore® by sex, age, and color

Total labor for
Sex, age, and color

Civilian labor force

Thousands of persons

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Thousands of persons

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Participation rate

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

MALE
16 years and over
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years . . .
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years «
60 to 64 years
65 years and over

<

,884
,483
,175
,234
,941
,242

53,063
3,923
1,617
2,307
6,913
32,973
11,633
10,958
10,382
7,072
4,163
2,908
2,181

80.2
54.0
43.3
65.2
84.9
96.1
96.6
97.3
94.4
83.7
89.9
76.1
27.8

80.2
53.6
43.1
64 e 7
84.9
96.1
96.8
97.0
94.5
83.9
89.8
76.6
27.4

50,667
3,640
1,643
1,997
5,429
32,185
11,241
10,532
10,413
7,171
4,231
2,940
2,242

49,586
3,538
1,592
1,946
5,085
31,715
10,868
10,561
10,285
7,067
4,159
2,908
2,181

79.2
51.4
42.9
61.3
81.0
96.0
96.4
97.3
94.4
83.7
89.9
76.1
27.8

79.1
51.0
42.7
60.8
80.6
96.0
96.6
96.9
94.4
83.9
89.8
76.6
27.4

48,484
3,582
1,523
2,059
6,308
29,965
10,620
9,785
9,561
6,575
3,869
2,706
2,055

47,775
3,491
1,472
2,019
6,109
29,688
10,381
9,857
9,451
6,482
3,811
2,671
2,006

80.6
55.2
45.6
65.3
84.9
96.6
96.9
97,
95,
84.2
90.4
76.7
27.8

80.6
54.9
45.2
65.2
85.0
96.5
97.1
97.3
95.0
84.5
90.5
77.1
27.5

45,575
3,216
1,497
1,719
4,730
29,003
10,033
9,476
9,494
69571
3,866
2,706
2,055

44,664
3,146
1,450
1,696
4,455
28,579
9,714
9,502
9,363
6,477
3,807
2,670
2,006

79.6
52.5
45.2
61.1
80.9
96.5
96,7
97.7
95.1
84.2
90.4
76.7
27.8

79.5
52*4
44.8
61.2
80.6
96.4
96.9
97.2
95.0
84.5
90.5
77.1
27.5

5,414
457

5,288
433
145
288
805
3,284
1,252
1,101
931
590
353
238
175

76.8
46.0
28.5
64.8
84.7
92.1
94.0
93.9
87.5
78.2
84.8
69.8
27.5

76.9
44.9
29.2
61.6
84.3
92.8
94.8
93.9
89.2
78.0
83,0
71.6
26.4

5,092
424
146
278
699
3,182
1,208
1,056
918
600
365
234
188

4,923
391
142
250
630
3,136
1,154
1,059
923
590
352
238
175

75.6
44.1
28.3
62.4
81.8
91.8
93.6
93.7
87.4
78.2
84.8
69.8
27.5

75.6
42.5
28.8
.58.1
80.7
92.6
94.4
93.7
89.1
78.0
83.0
71.6
26.4

,899
,039
,670
,368
,166
,277

**io

White

16 years and over
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over
Negro and other races

16 years and over .
16 to 19 years
1.6 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over




147
309
858
3,312
1,290
1,099
923
600
365
235
188

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A- 4: Labor force by sex, age, and color—Continued

Total labor force

Civilian abor force

Thousands of persons

Participa don rate

Thousands of persons

Participation rate

Apr.
1970

Sex, age, and color

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
,1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.

Apr.

1Q70

IQfiQ

31,332
2,921
1,159
1,762
4,768
18,378
5,809
6,056
6,512
4,190
2,577
1,614
1,075

30,074
2,707
1,066
1,641
4,541
17,590
5,435
5,820
6,335
4,116
2,553
1,563
1,120

43.2
39.8
30.7
49.5
56.8
50.6
46.1
51.7
54.3
43.6
49.7
36.4

42.2
37.8
29.1
47.0
56.3
48.9
44.3
49.1
53.5
43.7
50.2
36.1
10.6

27,333
2,635
1,056
1,578
4,159
15,811
4,867
5,182
5,761
3,770
2,290
1,479

26,220
2,427

42.4
41.7
32.6
51.4
56.8
49.3
44.0
50.4
53.6
43.2
48.9
36.6

Apr.
1969

FEMALE
16 years and over
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years ..
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over

42.2
37.9
29.1
47.1
56.4
48.9
44.3
49.1
53.5
43.7
50.2
36.1
10.6

31,293
2,912
1,159
1,753
4,750
18,366
5,803
6,053
6,511
4,190
2,577
1,614
1,075

30,035
2,697
1,066
1,631
4,523
17,578
5,429
5,816
6,334
4,116
2,553
1,563
1,120

43.2
39.8
30.7
49.3
56.7
50.6
46.0
51.7
54.3
43.6
49.7
36.4

27,298
2,626
1,056
1,570
4,143
15,800
4,862
5,179
5,759
3,770
2,290
1,479

26,184
2,419

959

1,442
3,937
15,121
4,535
4,987
5,599
3,707
2,270
1,436
1,002

42.4
41.7
32.6
51.3
56.7
49.3
44.0
50.4
53.6
43.2
48.9
36.6

9.6

41.4
39.4
31.0
48.3
56.1
47.6
42.2
47.9
52.7
43.3
49.3
36.3
10.2

49.6
28.0
19.4
37.2
56.6
60.8
60.4
61.4
60.6
47.6
57.4
34.9
13.6

49.3
28.3
17.7
39.5
58.4
59.4
59.4
58.4
60.6
47.5
58.2
33.6
14.3

3,996

3,850

285
103
183
607

279
89
189
586

2,567

2,459

942
874
751
421
286
134
116

894
829
735
409
282
126
119

9.9

9.9

White

16 years and over
16 to 19 years
1.6 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over

977

959

1,450
3,953
15,131
4,540
4,990
5,600
3,707
2,271
1,436
1,002

3,999

3,855

286
103
184
609

280
89
191
588

2,568

2,460

942
874
751
421
286
134
116

895
830
735
409
282
126
119

977

9.6

41.3
39.4
31.0
48.2
56.0
47.5
42.1
47.8
52.7
43.3
49.3
36.3
10.2

49.6
27.9
19.4
37.1
56.5
60.8
60.4
61.4
60.6
47.6
57.4
34.9
13.6

49.3
28.3
17.7
39.4
58.3
59.4
59.4
58.4
60.6
47.5
58.2
33.6
14.3

Negro and other races

16 years and over
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over




HOUSEHOLD DATA

29
A- 5 : E m p l o y m e n t status o fpersons 16-21 years o fa g e i nthe noninstitutional
April 1970

population

b ycolor and

sex

(In -thousands)
White

Total
Employment status

Both
sexes

Male

Female

Both,
sexes

Total noninstitutional population . . .
_ Total labor force
Percent of population

21,811
11,702
53.7

11,001
6,820
62.0

10,809
4,882
45.2

Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries . . . .
Unemployed
Percent of labor force
Looking for full-time work . . . .
Looking for part-time work. . . .
Not in labor force

10,299
9,104
466
8,638
1,194
11.6
703
491
10,109

5,436
4,795
424
4,371
641
11.8
358
283
4,182

Major activity: going to school
Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries . . . .
Unemployed
Percent of labor force
Looking for full-time work . . . .
Looking for part-time work . . .
Not in labor force

3,837
3,294
231
3,063
543
14.2
105
438
7,921

Major activity: other
Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed
Percent of labor force
Looking for full-time work
Looking for part-time work. . . . .
Not in labor force

6,462
5,811
235
5,575
651
10.1
598
53
2.188

Negro and other races
Both
Male
Female
sexes

Male

Female

18,878
10,346
54.8

9,560
6,013
62.9

9,318
4,333
46.5

2,933
1,356
46.2

1,442
807
56.0

1,491
549
36.8

4,863
4,309
42
4,267
554
11.4
345
208
5,927

9,072
8,140
427
7,713
932
10.3
521
411
8,532

4,757
4,250
389
3,860
507
10.7
263
244
3,547

4,316
3,890
38
3,853
425
9.9
258
167
4,985

1,227
964
39
925
262
21.4
182
81
1,577

679
545^
35
511
134
19.7
94
40
635

547
419
5
414
128
23.5
87
41
942

2,186
1,871
219
1,652
314
14.4
49
265
3,850

1,651
1,422
12
1,410
229
13.8
56
173
4,070

3,511
3,056
215
2,841
455
13.0
89
366
6,732

1,990
1,721
203
1,517
269
13.5
40
229
3,283

1,521
1,335
11
1,324
186
12.2
50
136
3,449

326
238
16
222
88
26.9
15
73
1,189

196
151
16
135
45
23.1
9
36
567

130
88
1
87
43
32.7
6
37
621

3,250
2,924
205
2,719
326
10.0
308
18
331

3,212
2,887
30
2,857
325
10.1
290
35
1.857

5,561
5,085
212
4,872
477
8.6
432
45
1.800

2,767
2,529
186
2,343
238
8.6
223
14
264

2,795
2,555
26
2,529
239
8.6
208
31
1.537

901
726
23
703
175
19.4
167
8
388

484
395
19
376
89
18.4
85
4
68

417
331
4
327
86
20.6
82
4
320

A - 6 : E m p l o y m e n t s t a t u s o fthe n o n i n s t i t u t i o n a l p o p u l a t i o n 1 6y e a r s a n d o v e r b ysex, a g e , a n d
(In thousands)
Men, 20 years
and over

Total
Employment status and color

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

color

Both sexes,
16-lt> years

Women, 20 years
and over

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

58,835

65,170
28,411
43,6
28,382
27,210
521
26,689
1,171
4.1
36,759

64,044

14,819

14,458

27,367
42.7
27,337
26,371
554
25,816
967
3.5
36,676

6,959
47.0
6,551
5,669
374
5,294
883
13.5
7,860

6,630
45.9
6,235
5,561
340
5,221
674
10.8
7,828

Apr.
1969

Total

Total noninstitutional population . . . .
Total labor force .
Percent of population
Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed
Percent of labor force
Not in labor force

139,687
85,231
61.0
81,960
78,408

3,531
74,877
3,552
4.3
54,456

137,337
83,137
60.5
79,621
77,079
3,607
73,471
2,542
3.2
54,200

59,698
49,860
83.5
47,027
45,529
2,636
42,893
1,498
3.2
9,837

49,139
83.5
46,048
45,147
2,713
42,434
901
2.0
9,696

White

Total noninstitutional population . .
Total labor force
Percent of population
Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed
Percent of labor force
Not in labor force

72,873
70,012
3,200
66,812
2,861
3.9
48,760

122,638
73,995
60.3
70,848
68,840
3,223
65,617
2,007
2.8
48,644

124,578
75,817
60.9

53,638

52,921

58,137

57,209

12,803

44,903
83.7

44,284
83.7

24,699
42.5

23,792
41.6

6,216
48.6

12,508
5,918
47.3

42,360
41,108
2,377
38,730
1,252
3.0
8,735

41,517
40,774
2,430
38,344
743
1.8
8,637

24,672
23,765
483
23,282
907
3.7
33,439

23,766
23,037
498
22,540
728
3,1
33,417

5,842
5,139
340
4,799
703
12.0
6,587

5,565
5,029
295
4,733
536
9.6
6,590

Negro and other races

Total noninstitutional population . . .

15,109

41,699

6,060

5,914

7,033

6,834

2,016

1,950

Total labor force
Percent of population

9,414
62.3

9,142
62.2

4,958
81.8

4,855
82.1

3,713
52.8

3,575
52.3

743
36.9

712
36.5

Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed
Percent of labor force
Not in labor force

9,087
8,396
331
8,065
691
7.6
5,695

8,773
8,238
384
7,854
535
6.1
5,556

4,668
4,421
259
4,162
246
5.3
1,102

4,531
4,373
283
4,090
159
3.5
1.059

3,710
3,445
38
3,408
265
7.1
3,320

3,572
3,333
57
3,277
239
6.7
3,259

709
529
34
495
180
25.4
1,273

670
533
45
488
138
20.5
1,238




HOUSEHOLD DATA
A- 7 : F u l l - a n d p a r t - t i m e s t a t u s of t h e c i v i l i a n l a b o r f o r c e b y a g e a n d sex

April 1970
(In thousands)
Full-time labor force
Employed
Age and sex
Fulltime
schedules

Part
time for
economic
reasons

Part-time labor force
Unemployed
(looking for
full-time work)

Employed
on voluntary
part timel

Percent of
full-time
labor force

Unemployed
(looking for
part-time work)
Number

part-time
labor force

TOTAL
16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over . . .
25 to 54 years
55 years and over .

69,255
5,639
2,781
544
2,238
66,473
8,584
57,889
45,899
11,990

,166
,580
,104
331
,774
,062
,643
,419
,180
,239

2,301
356
22.2
69
154
2,079
341
1,738
1,322
416

2,787
703
455
144
310
2,332
600
1,731
1,397
334

4.0
12.5
16.4
26.6
13.9
3.5
7.0
3.0
3.0
2.8

12,706
4,660
3,770
2,258
1,512
8,936
1,595
7,341
4,652
2,688

11,940
4,169
3,342
1,953
1,388
8,598
1,489
7,109
4,499
2,610

765
491
428
304
124
338
106
232
153
79

6.0
10.5
11.3
13.5
8.2
3.8
6.6
3.2
3.3
2.9

46,079
2,868
1,515
44,565
4,672
39,894
31,677
8,217

43,239
2,332
1,156
42,083
4,150
37,933
30,176
7,757

1,223
179
123
1,100
181
917
689
229

1,617
358
236
1,381
339
1,042
812
230

3.5
12.5
15.6
3.1
7.3
2.6
2.6
2.8

4,588
2,568
2,125
2,463

4,224
2,284
1,878
2,346

758
1,706
509
1,197

707
1,639
485
1,154

364
283
247
117
51
66
24
42

7.9
11.0
11.6
4.7
6.7
3.9
4.7
3.5

23,175
2,770
1,267
21,908
3,913
17,995
14,223
3,773

20,927
2,248
948
19,979
3,493
16,486
13,004
3,482

1,079
177
99
979
159
820
633
187

1,170
345
219
951
261
689
585
104

5.0
12.5
17.3
4.3
6.7
3.8
4.1
2.8

8,118
2,092
1,645
6,473
837
5,636
4,144
1,492

7,716
1,884
1,464
6,473
782
5,470
4,016
1,455

402
208
181
221
55
165
128
37

4.9
9.9
11.0
3.4
6.6
2.9
3.1
2.5

MALE
16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over . . .
25 to 54 years
55 years and over .
FEMALE
16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over . . .
25 to 54 years
55 years and over .

Employed persons with a job but not at work are distributed proportionately among the full- and part-time employed categories.




HOUSEHOLD DATA

A- 8: Unemployed persons by sex and age

Thousands of
persons

Unemployment
rates

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Thousands of
persons

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1970

Unemployment
rates

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Total, 16 years and over

1,981

1,254

3.9

2.5

1,571

1,288

5.0

4.3

16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over

483
255
228
1,498
389
1,109
354
238
244
209
133
76
63

352
187
165
901
223
678
192
161
156
128
79
49
40

13.3
15.5
11.4
3.2
7.2
2.7
3.2
2.3
2.3
2.9
3.2
2.6
2.8

10.0
11.7
8.5
2.0
4.4
1.7
1.8
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.9
1.7
1.8

400
194
206
1,171
316
856
288
224
201
108
65
43
34

322
147
175
967
266
701
227
187
161
93
61
32
33

13.7
16.7
11.8
4.1
6.7
3.6
5.0
3.7
3.1
2.6
2.5
2,7
3.1

11.9
13.8
10.7
3.5
5,9
3.1
4.2
3.2
2.5
2.2
2.4
2.0
3.0

1,078
150
670
257

652
76
417
160

2.6
4.7
2.2
2.8

1.6
2.5
1.4
1.8

259
54
133
72

233
33
143
58

3.9
8.2
3.7
3.1

3.6
5.7
4.0
2.6

Household head, 16 years and over
16 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
55 years and over

A- 9: Unemployed persons by marital status, sex, age, and color
Female
Unemployment
rates

Thousands of
persons

Marital status, age, and color

Apr.
1970
Total, 16 years and over

Unemployment

Thousands of
persons

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

1,981

1,254

3.9

2.5

1,571

1,288

5.0

4.3

Married, spouse present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)

941
152

576
89
588

2.4
5.6
10.0

1.5
3.3
6.9

791
254
527

614
260
414

4.3
4.4
7.6

3.5
4.5
6.3

Total, 20 to 64 years of age

1,435

861

3.2

2.0

1,138

934

4.2

3.6

Married, spouse present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)

885
137
413

537
79
245

2.4
5.7
7.6

1.5
3.3
4.8

725
217
197

547
234
152

4.0
4.3
4.6

3.2
4.6
3.7

1,639

1,022

3.6

2.3

1,222

985

4.5

3.8

816
115
708

496
69
457

2.3
5.3
9.1

1.4
3.3
6.1

633
189
400

499
175
311

3.8
4.1
6.5

3.2
3.7
5.4

1,191

708

3.0

1.8

878

699

3.7

3.1

763
102
328

462
59
187

2.3
5.4
7.0

1.4
3.2
4.2

580
159
140

444
153
102

3.6
3.9
3.8

2.9
3.8
2.9

342

232

6.7

4.7

349

303

8.7

7.9

124
37
180

80
20
131

3.7
6.7
15.3

2.4
3.4
12.9

158
65
127

115
85
103

7.7
5.7
15.6

6.1
7.4
12.4

244

154

5.4

3.5

260

235

7.2

6.8

124
35
86

74
20
59

3.9
7.0
11.2

2.3
3.6
9.2

144
58
57

104
81
50

7.3
5.6
9.9

5.7
7.7
8.6

White, 16 years and over
Married, spouse present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)
White, 20 to 64 years of age . . .

...

Married, spouse present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)
Negro and other races, 16 years and over . . . . - - - , , , . . .
Married, spouse present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)
Negro and other races, 20 to 64 years of age
Married, spouse present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)




HOUSEHOLD DATA
A-10:

U n e m p l o y e d persons by o c c u p a t i o n of last j o b a n d

Unemployment rates

Thousands
of persons

Male

Occupation

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969
2,542

3,552

Total.

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

4.3

3.2
1.6

Apr.
1969

3.9

2.5

5.0

4.3

.9
.8
.6
1.4
1.5

3.2
1.6
1.4
3.5
5.9

2.4
1.1
1.7
2.5
4.8
7.2
3.2

4.6
4.8
4.6

967
182
93
499
193

Farmers and .farm iaborers. . . .
No previous work experience . . .
16 to 19 years
20 to 24 years
,
25 years and over

2.2
3.0

1,672

1,170

397
215
182
940
114
826
335
106
229

237
133
104
678
80
598
255
86
169

5.7
3.8
7.3
2.4
6.4
4.4
6.8
8.5
12.0
7.5

4.1
2.3
4.7
1.4
4.6
3.1
4.9
6.5
9.3
5.7

5.2
3.8
7.4
2.4
5.3
4.3
5.7
8.4
12.0
7.3

3.4
2.3
4.7
1.3
3.2
3.0
3.3
6.5
9.3
5.5

421
84
337

4.6
4.0
4.7

4.2
4.7
4.0

4.4
(1)
4.5

3.3

(1)
3.3

8.4
2.6
(1)
2.9
8.6
6.2
8.7
12.0
(1)
12.5
4.7
4.1
4.9

62

2.1

1.8

1.6

1.5

4.6

3.9

376
294
47
35

Service wonters.
Private household. .
All other

2.5
1.6
1.1
3.5
3.9

66

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Carpenters and other construction craftsmen
All other
Operatives
Drivers and deliverymen
All other
Nonfarm laborers
Construction iaborers
All other

598
99
65
296
138

1.8
1.5
1.1
3.3
2.4

471
67
404

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors .
Clerical workers
Sales workers

1

sex

291
238
30
22

Apr.
1969

3.3
7.5
(1)
7.6
8.1
8.0

Percent not shown where base is less than 100,000

A-ll:

Unemployed

p e r s o n s by i n d u s t r y of last j o b a n d

sex

Unemployment rates
Percent distribution
Industry

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

.Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

100.0

100.0

4.3

3.2

3.9

2.5

5.0

4.3

79.2
.7
10.3

78.4
.5
10.0

4.7
4.6
9.5

3.5
2.5
7.1

4.4
4.3
9.5

2.8
2.2
7.3

5.3
(1)
8.5

4.6
(1)
2.6

28.
16.

26.5
14.1
1.1
2.0
1.4
1.8
1.9
1.3
4.6
12.4
2.8
2.0
3.9
3.8

4.8
4.8
1.9
4.8
2.9
4.9
5.7
8.1
5.9
4.8
6.4
4.8
7.0
3.5

3.2
2.9
2.0
3.0
1.6
2.3
4.1
2.6
4.3
3.7
4.0
4.4
6.9
2.3

3.8
4.1
1.9
3.5
2.9
3.3
5.1
6.9
5.3
3.3
5.2
2.9
6.0
2.4

2.2
2.3
1.5
2.2
1.3
1.4
4.1
2.6
3.6
1.8
1.7
3.3
4.4
1.3

7.2
7.4
1.7
10.4
2.7
7.4
10.4
15.7
7.2
7.2
10.0
6.6
7.3
6.3

5.8
4.9
7.3
6.4
3.2
3.5
4.6
2.7
6.8
6.5
9.8
5.6
7.6
4.4

3.7
.2
2.6
.8
20.0
2.5
15.2
3.8
11.4

3.6
2.1
5.7
2.0
5.2
2.0
3.8
2.7
4.9

2.1
.9
3.4
1.2
4.0
1.9
3.2
1.7
4.6

3.8
2.0
6.0
1.8
4.3
1.4
3.6
2.4
4.6

2.0
.5
3.2
1.1
2.9
1.6
2.3
.9
3.4

3.0
(1)
4.4
2.3
6.4
2.5
3.9
2.9
5.2

2.5
(1)
4.5
1.3
5.5
2.2
3.8
2.1
5.5

2.8
7.4
11.4

6.0
1.4

5.9
.9

4.8
1.3

4.8
.7

13.3
1.6

12.8
.7

Apr.
1970
Total.
Private wage and salary workers .
Mining •
Construction.
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Primary metal industries . .
Fabricated metal products
Machinery
Electrical equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
All other transportation equipment
Other durable goods industries
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Textile mill products
Apparel and other finished textile products .
Other nondurable goods industries

2,
2.
3.
1,
2,
4.
11.
3.
1.
2.

4.

Transportation and public utilities
Railroads and railway express
Other transportation
Communication and other public utilities
Wholesale and retail trade
.
Finance, insurance, and real estate
Service industries
Professional services
All other service industries
Agricultural wage and salary workers .
All other classes of workers
No previous work experience

2.1
8.1
10.6

Percent not shown where base is less than 100,000.




HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-12:

Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment, sex, age, and color

Male, 20 years
and over

Total
unemployed

Apr.
1969

Female, 20 years
and over
Apr.
Apr.
1970
1969

Both sexes,
16 to 19 years
Apr.
Apr.
1970
1969

Negro and other races

White
Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

674
139
90
207

2,861
1,375

2,007

293

16.4
41.2
3.7

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

3,552
1,669

2,542
1,088

1,498

901

1,171

507

394
770

988
214
261

575
145
164

497
188
439

967
374
159
399

883
184
104
301

290

34

17

47

35

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0
38.6

16.1

17.4
2.3

16.1
18.2
1.9

2.0
1.2

4.1
1.8
.7

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Unemployment level
Total unemployed in thousands
Lost last job
Left last job
Reentered labor force

1,001
375

Total unemployed, percent distribution . .
Lost last job
Left last job
Reentered labor force

100.0

28.2
10.5

42.8
15.5
30.3
11.4

4.3
2.1

3.2
1.4

47.0
14.3

43.8

66.0
14.3

42.4
37.4
4.0

411
789

838
316
611

691
294
95
212

535
250
77
159

238

285

242

89

48

100.0
20.9
11.8
34.1
33.2

100.0

100.0
48.1
27.6
10.0

100.0
41.7
15.8
30.4
12.1

100.0
42.6
13.8
30.7
12.9

3.5
1.4

13.5
2.8

3.9
1.9

2.8
1.2

1.6

.6

.4

7.6
3.2
1.1
2 3

6.1
2.9

.6

10.8
2.2
1.4
3.3
3.8

.4

.3

1.0

.6

20.6
13.4
30.7
35.3

14.4

m
14.5
29.7
9.0

Unemployment rate
Total unemployment rate
Job-loser rate1
Job-leaver rate1
Reentrant rate1
New entrant rate1

.6

.5

1.2
.5

1.0
.4

3.2
2.1
.5

.3

.1

--

.2

.1

4.5

'Unemployment rates are calculated as a percent of the civilian labor force.

A-13:

Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment, duration, sex, and age
April 1970
(Percent distribution)
Duration of unemployment

Total unemployed
Reason, sex, and age

27 weeks
and over

Thousands
of persons

Percent

Less than
5 weeks

5 to 14
weeks

15 weeks
and over

15 to 26
weeks

3,552
1,669
507
1.001
375

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.7
44.0
55.4
58.8
61.9

26.6
27.6
27.6
26.2
21.3

21.7
28.3
17.0
15.0
16.8

15.1
21.9
10.3
8.7
8.5

6.6
6.4
6.7
6.3
8.3

Male, 20 years and over . . . . .
Lost last job
Left last job
.
Reentered labor force
Never worked before

1,498
988
214
261
34

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.9
40.7
52.6
54.4
(1)

27.4
28.3
24.7
26.4
(1)

27.7
31.0
22.8
19.1
(1)

19.4
23.7
11.6
11.1

Female, 20 years and over . . .
Lost last job

1,171
497
188
439
47

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

54.4
44.9
53.7
65.1
(1)

26.9
28.8
33.0
22.3
(1)

18.7
26.3
13.3
12.5
(1)

<D
11.6
19.7
8.5
4.8
(1)

8.3
7.3
11.2
8.0
(1)

883
184
104
301
293

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

59.6
59.5
63.8
53.7
64.2

24.7
21.1
25.7
31.7
19.8

15.7
19.5
10.5
14.7
16.0

12.4
18.4
10.5
12.0
9.9

Total, 16 years and over . . . .
Left last job
Reentered labor force
Never worked before

Reentered labor force
Never worked before
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years . . .
Lost last job
Left last job
Reentered labor force
Never worked before

Percent not shown where base is less than 100,000.




7.1
6.6
4.8
7.7
(1)
3.3
1.1
2.7
6.1

.9
1 8

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-14:

U n e m p l o y e d p e r s o n s by d u r a t i o n of u n e m p l o y m e n t

Household head
Percent distribution

Duration of unemployment

Total

Percent distributic

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1969

3,552

2,542

100.0

100.0

1,337

886

100.0

100.0

Less than 5 weeks . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks
5 to 10 weeks
11 to 14 weeks
15 weeks and over
15 to 26 weeks . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over

1,836

1,369

51.7
26.6
18.6
8.0
21.
15.

53.9
25.8
17.8
8.0
20.3
14.0
6.3

590
370
236
134
377
261
116

437
222
157
64
227
165
62

44,
27.
17.
10.0
28,
19,
8.7

49.4
25.0
17.7
7.2
25.6
18.6
7.0

Average (mean) duration .

9.5

11.4

10.6

944
659
285
111
537
235

A-15:

657
453
204
516
355
161

6.6

9.2

U n e m p l o y e d p e r s o n s by d u r a t i o n , s e x , a g e , c o l o r , a n d m a r i t a l

status

A p r i l 1970
Thousands of pers ons

Sex, age, color, and marital status

Less
Total
5 weeks

5 to 14
weeks

15 to 26
weeks

27 weeks
and over

Less than 5 weeks as a
percent of jnemployed
in group

Apr.
1970
Tota I

,

Apr.
1969

15 weeks an d over as E
percent of unemployec
in group

1970

Apr.
1969

3,552
1,194
883
705
1,104
859

1,836
713
526
409
546
356

944
292
218
183
310
233

537
142
110
61
185
181

235
47
29
53
63
90

51.7
59.7
59.6
57.9
49.5
41.4

53.8
58.4
60.0
55.8
55.0
44.0

21.7
15.9
15.7
16.1
22.5
31.5

20.3
41.7
14.3
16.0
19.9
30.8

1,981
641
483
389
592
516

956
374
283
225
257
191

524
150
113
104
182
125

364
97
73
33
124
133

136
20
13
28
28
68

48.2
58.4
58.6
57.7
43.4
36.9

51.0
56.6
58.9
53.6
52.8
38.8

25.3
18.2
17.9
15.6
25.7
39.0

22.6
13.7
14.3
14.3
23.4
36.2

1,571
554
400
316
512
343

880
339
243
184
288
165

420
142
105
79
128
108

173
46
36
28
61
48

98
27
16
25
35
22

56.0
61.2
60.8
58.2
56.3
48.1

56.6
60.2
61.1
57.7
56.9
50.0

17.3
13.2
13.1
16.7
18.8
20.4

18.1
15.7
14.2
17.5
16.7
24.7

2,861
1,639
1,222

1,473
780
693

111
434
343

435
310
125

176
114
62

51.5
47.6
56.7

53.9
51.0
56.8

21.3
25.9
15.3

20.4
22.9
17.8

691
342
349

363
175
188

167
90
77

102
54
48

59
22
37

52.5
51.3
53.7

53.7
51.0
55.7

23.3
22.4
24.2

20.1
21.5
19.1

Male: Married, wife present
Widowed, divorced, or separated . . .
Single (never married)

941
152
888

417
57
481

261
46
218

188
37
138

74
12
50

44.4
37.6
54.2

47.0

29.4

56.0

27.9
32.3
21.3

Female: Married, husband present
Widowed, divorced, or separated.
Single (never married)
,

791
254
527

468
125
288

208
76
136

80
34
59

35
20
43

59.2
49.0
54.7

55.4
55.2
59.2

14.5
21.3
19.4

18.9
17.9
• 17.0

16
16
20
25
45

to 21 years
to 19 years
to 24 years
to 44 years
years and over

Male....

16
16
20
25
45

to 21 years
to 19 years
to 24 years
to 44 years
years and over

Female

16
16
20
25
45

to 21 years
to 19 years
to 24 years
to 44 years
years and over

-

White: T o t a l

Male
Female
Negro and other races: T o t a l

Male
Female

Percent not shown where base is less than 100,000.




(1)

(1)

16.4

HOUSEHOLD DATA
A-16:

U n e m p l o y e d

persons

b y duration,

occupation,

a n dindustry

o f last j o b

April 1970
Thousands of pers o n s
Occupation and industry

Less than

5 to 14
weeks

Total

15 to 26

27 weeks
and

Less than 5 weeks
as a percent of
unemployed in group

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

15 weeks and
over as a percent
of unemployed in group

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

OCCUPATION

Blue-collar workers. . .
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers . . . .

967
275
499
193

483
118
250
116

313
98
172
43

99
31
41
26

72
28
36
9

50.0
42.9
50.0
59.9

55.4
51.8
55.7
58.8

17.7
21.5
15.5
18.1

18.5
22.0
16.7
18.9

1,672
397
940
335

822
178
473
172

420
95
253
72

333
96
165
72

97
29
49
19

49.2
44.7
50.3
51.2

47.9
44.5
48.5
49.3

25.7
31.4
22.8
27.3

22.7
26.5
23.0
18.6

471

266

119

59

27

56.6

60.6

18.1

19.9

76
381
1,018
603
415
173
700
660
76

34
161
472
265
207
96
400
354
35

15
94
299
193
107
50
182
177
21

21
106
175
106
69
14
87
82
14

6
21
72
39
33
13
31
48
6

(2)
42.2
46.3
43.9
49.9
55.6
57.2
53.6
(2)

(2)
43.2
49.6
46.9
52.6
51.2
57.5
57.1
(2)

(2)
33.1
24.2
24.1
24.4
15.6
16.8
19.7
(2)

(2)
29.9
20.7
23.1
18.0
13.0
19.2
19.8
(2)

376

White-collar workers
Professional and managerial
Clerical workers
Sales workers

233

80

32

31

62.0

63.5

16.7

12.7

..

...

Service workers

..
...

...
INDUSTRY *

Construction

Transportation and public utilities

Public administration

Includes wage and salary workers only.
2Percent not shown where base is less than 100,000.

A-17:

E m p l o y e d p e r s o n s by sex a n d a g e
(In thousands)
Total

Age and type of industry

All industries
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over
Nonagricultura! industries
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over
Agriculture

16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 54 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years
65 years and over




Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

78,408
5,669
2,353
3,316
9,474
49,002
16,401
16,122
16,478
11,044
6,609
4,434
3,220
74,877
5,294
2,131
3,163
9,241
47,292
15,932
15,593
15,767
10,330
6,215
4,114
2,719
3,531
374
221
153
233
1,710
469
530
710
714
394
320
501

77,079
5,561
2,325
3,237
9,118
48,209
15,878
16,029
16,302
10,962
6,572
4,390
3,228

48,686
3,157
1,388
1,769
5,040
31,349
10,886
10,294
10,169
6,962
4,097
2,864
2,179

73,471
5,221
2,124
3,097
8,902
46,438
15,401
15,446
15,591
10,199
6,159
4,039
2,712

45,708
2,815
1,185
1,630
4,831
29,990
10,500
9,885
9,605
6,359
3,781
2,578
1,713

48,332
3,186
1,405
1,7.81
4,862
31,205
10,676
10,400
10,129
6,939
4,080
2,859
2,141
45,314
2,880
1,222
1,658
4,676
29,792
10,286
9,935
9,572
6,297
3,743
2,555
1,667

3,607
340
201
139
216
1,771
476
583
711
764
413
351
516

2,979
342
203
139
208
1,360
386
409
564
603
316
286
466

3,018
305
183
123
185
1,-412
390
465
558
642
338
304
474

Apr.
1970
29,722
2,512
965
1,547
4,434
17,653
5,515
5,829
6,309
4,082
2,512
1,570
1,041
29,169
2,480
947
1,533
4,410
17,303
5,432
5,707
6,163
3,971
2,434
1,537
1,007
553
32
18
14
24
350
83
121
146
112
78
34
35

Apr.
1969
28,746
2,376
920
1,456
4,257
17,004
5,202
5,629
6,173
4,023
2,492
1,531
1,087
28,157
2,341
902
1,439
4,226
16,644
5,115
5,510
6,019
3,901
2,417
1,485
1,045
589
34
18
17
31
360
37
118
154
122
75
46
42

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-18:

E m p l o y e d persons by o c c u p a t i o n g r o u p , s e x , a n d a g e
(In thousands)
Male, 20 years
and over

Female, 20 years
and over

Male,
16-19 years

Female,
16-19 years

Occupation

Apr.
1970
Total

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

78,408

77,079

45,529

45,147

27,210

26,371

3,157

3,186

2,512

2,376

38,068

36,523

19,375

18,858

16,658

15,731

632

649

1,402

1,285

11,322
1,716
2,636
6,970

10,867
1,647
2,470
6,750

6,811
638
826
5,347

6,661
626
758
5,278

4,350
1,050
1,800
1,500

4,044
1,001
1,700
1,343

80
8
5
67

92
3
3
86

81
20
5
57

70
17
8

Managers, officials, and proprietors
Salaried workers
Self-employed workers in retail trade
Self-employed workers, except retail trade

8,198
6,038
1,078
1,082

7,979
5,657
1,073
1,249

6,863
5,080
841
942

6,735
4,794
826
1,114

1,289
918
235
136

1,200
826
242
133

33
28
2
3

35
30
3

13
11

Clerical workers
Stenographers, typists, and secretaries. . .
Other clerical workers

13,834
3,519
10,314

13,146
3,407
9,739

3,216
56
3,160

3,066
42
3,024

9,329
3,162
6,167

8,857
3,095
5,762

281
4
276

4,714
2,859
1,856

4,530
2,745
1,785

2,485
916
1,569

2,396
897
1,499

1,691
1,464
226

1,629
1,397
232

27,452

27,567

21,063

20,999

4,468

4,593

White-collar workers

Professional and technical
Medical and other health
Teachers, except college
Other professional and technical

44

2

Sales workers
Retail trade.
Other sales workers

293

1,008
296
712

930
271
660

239
201
38

293
229
186
43

300
278

277
266
11

1,712

1,750

22
Blue-collar workers

226
208

Craftsmen and foremen
Carpenters
Construction craftsmen, except carpenters
Mechanics and repairmen
Metal craftsmen, except mechanics
Other craftsmen and kindred workers . . . .
Foremen, not elsewhere classified

10,027
821
1,895
2,790
1,156
1,829
1,535

9,869
851
1,832
2,695
1,189
1,791
1,512

9,523
804
1,831
2,683
1,132
1,650
1,423

9,314
818
1,774
2,575
1,159
1,591
1,398

283
4
13
17
12
129
108

327
1
8
34
18
153
112

214
13
51
90
13
44
3

225
31
50
86
12
45
2

1
6
1

Operatives
Drivers and de liverymen
Other operatives
Durable goods manufacturing
Nondurable goods manufacturing
Other industries

13,811
2,496
11,316
4,749
3,687
2,880

14,043
2,535
11,508
4,822
3,858
2,828

8,801
2,247
6,555
3,236
1,495
1,824

8,875
2,320
6,555
3,263
1,575
1,717

4,085
108
3,976
1,286
1,989
701

4,156
88
4,067
1,317
2,049
701

738
130
609
162
117
330

807
126
682
179
140
363

187
11
176
65
87
24

206
1
205
65
93
47

3,614
779
1,002

3,655
839
1,069

2,738
668
823
1,248

2,810
731
890

101
2
64
35

110
2
61
47

761
108
113
540

718
105
110
502

14
2
3

18

1,833

1,748

9,724

9,672

1,585

1,696

Nonfarm laborers
Construction
Manufacturing
Other industries
Service workers

2,696

Private household workers
Service workers, except private household . .
Protective service workers
Waiters, cooks, and bartenders . . . . . . . .
Other service workers

1,188

7
11

10
5,639

5,552

516

835

497

2,788
20

7

874
1,244

1,341

34
2,754
865
417
1,472

4,394
44
1,395
2,955

4,212
43
1,352
2,817

509
6
141
362

2,503

445

494

297

15

8,139
914
2,231

7,976
921
2,162

2,677
860
409
1,407

4,994

4,893

2,395

Farmers and farm managers

3,164

3,316

1,718

1,801

74

87

1,809
1,355
883
473

1,903
1,413
898
515

677
621
56

702
653
49

371
85
286

407
81
326

280
166
115

528
3
254
270
29

27
12
16

26
13
13

17

Farm laborers and foremen
Paid workers
Unpaid family workers

307
314
560
4
285
271
27

482
10
138
334

Farm workers




291
12
279
152
127

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-19:

Employed

persons

by m a j o r o c c u p a t i o n

group, sex, and

color

(Percent distribution)

Occupation group and color

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

78,408
100.0

48,686
100.0
41.1
14.2
14.2
7.2
5.6

48,332
100.0
40.4
14.0
14.0
6.9
5.4

29,722
100.0
60.8
14.9
4.4
34.8
6.7

28,746
100.0
59.2
14.3
4.2
34.0
6.6

Total
Total employed (thousands)
Percent
White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
Sales workers

48.6
14.4
10.5
17.6
6.0

77,079
100.0
47.4
14.1
10.4
17.1
5.9

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen.
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

35.0
12.8
17.6
4.6

35.8
12.8
18.2
4.7

46.8
20.0
19.6
7.2

47.1
19.7
20.0
7.3

15.7
1.0
14.4
.4

16.8
1.1
15.2
.4

Service workers
Private household workers
Other service workers

12.4
2.0
10.4

12.5
2.2
10.3

6.8
.1
6.7

21.9
5.2
16.7

22.2
5.7
16.5

Farm workers
Farmers and farm managers
Farm laborers and foremen

4.0
2.3
1.7

4.3
2.5
1.8

6.6
.1
6.5
5.5
3.6
2.0

5.8
3.8
2.0

1.6
.2
1.3

1.8
.3
1.5

70,012
100.0

43,936
100.0
43.2
14.8
15.2
7.1
6.0

43,641
100.0

26,076
100.0

25,199
100.0

42.5
14.7
15.0
7.0
5.8

64.3
15.4
4.8
36.9
7.3

62.8
14.9
4.6
36.1
7.3

White

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
Sales workers

51.0
15.0
11.3
18.2
6.5

68,840
100.0
50.0
14.8
11.2
17.6
6.4

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

34.2
13.3
16.9
3.9

34.9
13.4
17.5
4.0

45.4
20.6
18.7
6.1

45.6
20.5
19.0
6.1

15.3
1.0
14.0
.3

16.4
1.2
14.8
.4

Service workers
Private household workers
Other service workers

10.7
1.3
9.4

10.8
1.4
9.4

5.9
(1)
5.9

6.1
.1
6.0

18.7
3.5
15.2

18.9
3.7
15.2

Farm workers
Farmers and farm managers
Farm laborers and foremen

4.1
2.5
1.6

4.3
2.6
1.7

5.5
3.8
1.7

5.7
3.9
1.8

1.7
.3
1.4

1.8
.3
1.5

8,396
100.0
27.9
9.5
3.4
12.8
2.1

8,238
100.0
25.8
8.4
3.2
12.4
1.9

4,750
100.0
22.0
7.9
4.8
7.5
1.7

4,691
100.0
20.2
7.1
4.4
6.9
1.8

3,646
100.0

3,547
100.0

35.6
11.5
1.7
19.7
2.7

33.3
10.1
1.6
19.6
2.1

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41.7
8.3
23.3
10.2

42.6
7.4
24.3
10.9

59.5
14.1
28.1
17.4

60.3
12.3
29.5
18.5

18.6
.8
17.0
.8

19.2
.9
17.6
.7

Service workers
Private household workers . .
Other service workers

....................................

26.8
7.9
18.9

27.2
9.1
18.1

13.0
.2
12.8

13.2
.4
12.7

44.9
18.0
26.9

45.8
20.4
25.3

Farm workers
Farmers and farm managers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Farm laborers and foremen

3.5
.9
2.6

4.4
1.4
3.0

5.5
1.5
4.1

6.4
2.2
4.2

1.0
.1
.8

1.7
.4
1.3

Total employed (thousands)
Percent

*

Negro and other races

Total employed (thousands)
Percent
White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
Sales workers .
. .. . .

than 0.05.




•••••

•••••

HOUSEHOLD DATA
A-20:

E m p l o y e d p e r s o n s by class of w o r k e r , s e x , a n d a g e
April 1970
(In thousands)
Nonagricultural industries

Agriculture

Wage and salary workers
Age and sex

Self
employed

Unpaid
family
workers

Wage and
salary
workers

Self
employed

Unpaid
family
workers

1,767
384
296
89
93
157
200
341
352
203
149
239

12,569
435
140
295
1,505
2,734
2,740
2,884
1,925
1,123
801
346

55,017
4,369
1,628
2,741
7,444
12,198
11,476
11,059
6,905
4,223
2,682
1,566

5,047
78
52
25
183
779
1,066
1,337
1,058
613
445
545

477
28
16
12
16
64
111
146
90
53
37
23

1,176
222
119
103
159
208
170
164
159
99
60
93

1,873
21
9
13
47
215
276
446
482
250
232
384

482
130
94
37
26
46
83
100
73
45
28
24

Male . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years .. . .
16 and 17 years .
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 34 years . . .
35 to 44 years .. .
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years . . .
55 to 59 years .
60 to 64 years .
65 years and over.

69,353
5,189
2,063
3,125
9,042
15,089
14,416
14,285
9,182
5,550
3,632
2,151
41,865
2,740
1,133
1,607
4,716
9,915
9,053
8,592
5,546
3,307
2,238
1,303

175
67
54
13
6
7
9
18
27
11
16
40

6,734
183
79
104
617
1,536
1,555
L,589
1,040
604
435
214

34,957
2,491
1,000
1,490
4,093
8,372
7,489
6,984
4,479
2,692
1,787
1,050

3,797
54
40
15
109
585
826
1,011
810
473
337
402

45
20
12
8
6

1,016
206
112
94
140
172
133
133

1,792
22
9
13
,45
206
267
426
459
230
228
367

171
114
82
32
23
9
9
5
2
1
1
10

Female...........
16 to 19 years . ..
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years . . .
25 to 34 years . . .
35 to 44 years . . .
45 to 54 years . . .
55 to 64 years •.
55 to 59 years .
60 to 64 years .
65 years and over.

27,487
2,449
931
1,518
4,325,
5,174
5,362
5,693
3,637
2,242
1,394
848

1,593
318
242
76
87
150
190
323
325
192
133
199

5,835
252
61
191
888
1,198
1,186
1,294
885
519
366
132

20,060
1,879
628
1,251
3,351
1,826
3,987
4,075
2,426
1,531
895
516

1,250
24
13
11
74
195
240
326
248
140
108
143

432
7
3
4
10
63
105
144
86
51
35
16

81

311
16
11
4
4
37
75
96
71
44
27
14

Total
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years . . .
18 and 19 years. . .
20 to 24 years . . . . . .
25 to 34 years . . . . . .
35 to 44 years . . . . . .
45 to 54 years . . . . ' .
55 to 64 years.. .
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years . . .
65 years and over . . .




6
2
3
1
2
7

57
90
161
16
7
9
19
36
37
31
17
14
3
3

2
9
9
20
23
19

4
17

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-2I:

E m p l o y e d p e r s o n s w i t h a j o b but not at w o r k by r e a s o n , p a y s t a t u s , a n d sex

(In thousands)
All industries

Nonagricultural industries
Total

Wage and salary workers

Reason not working

Apr.
1969

Unpaid absence

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Total
Vacation
Illness
Bad weather
Industrial dispute.
All other reasons..

3,040
1,282

3,441
1,458
1,191

92
130
570

3,325
1,445
1,159
52
130
538

1,119
597
416

105
214
622

2,930
800
1,246
60
214,
610

Male
Vacation
,
Illness
All other reasons.,

1,829

1,955

496
771
562

790
671
494

1,728
483
737
508

Female
Vacation
Illness.
All other reasons..

1,211

1,486

323
510
378

668
520
208

1,201
317
509
375

818

Apr.
1970

Apr,
1969

1,539
1,061
374

1,487
144
709

1,465
301
652

106

104

634

512

1,858
780
641
437

736
386
277
73

927
620
239
68

802
54
387
361

743
114
327
302

1,467
666
518
283

382
212
139
31

611
440
135
36

684
89
322
273

722
187
325
210

Apr.
1970

Apr.
1969

Excludes private household.
Pay status not available separately for bad weather and industrial dispute; these categories are included in all other reasons.

A-22:

P e r s o n s at w o r k by t y p e of i n d u s t r y a n d hours of w o r k
April 1970
Thousands of persons

Hours of work

All
industries

Percent distribution

Nonagricultural
industries

Agriculture

All
industries

Nonagricultural
industries

100.0

100.0

Total at work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

75,367

71,947

3,421

1-34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-14 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15-29 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30-34 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17,175
809
3,915
8,165
4 ,286

16,019

1,156

759

50
287
618
201

35 hours and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35-39 hours
40 hours
41 hours and o v e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41 to 48 hours
49 to 59 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60 hours and o v e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

58,192
5,376
31,218
21,598
8,822
6,856
5,920

55,928
5,225
30,885
19,818
8,538
6,428
4,852

2,264

Average hours, total at work.
Average hours, workers on full-time schedules

39.3
43.8

38.9
43.4

45.3
55.4




3,628
7,547
4,085

151
333
1,780

284
427
1,069

Agrilture
cultu

100.0

22.8
1.1
5.2
10.8
5.7

22.3
1.1
5.0
10.5
5.7

33.8
1.5
8.4
18.1
5.9

77.2
7.1
41.4
28.7
11.7
9.1
7.9

77.7
7.3
42.9
27.5
11.9
8.9
6.7

66.2
4.4
9.7
52.0
8.3
12.5
31.3

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-23:

Persons a t w o r k 1-34 hours by u s u a l status a n d r e a s o n w o r k i n g p a r t - t i m e
April 1970
(In thousands)
Nonagricultural industries

All indusi

Total

Usually
work
full time

Usually
work
part time

17,175

4,930

12,246

Economic reasons
Slack work
Material shortages or repairs-to plant and equipment
New job started during week
Job terminated during week
Could find only part-time work

2,301
1,269
153
201
69
609

1,411
988
153
201
69

890
281

Other reasons
Does not want, or unavailable for, full-time work . . .
Vacation
Illness
Bad weather
Industrial dispute
Legal or religious holiday
Full time for this job
All other reasons

14,873
9,085
344
1,657
484
93
64
1,458
1,689

3,518

1,184

Average hours:
Economic reasons
Other reasons

22.4
19.6

Worked 30 to 34 hours:
Economic reasons
Other reasons

788
[,498

Total

,

A-24:

Usually
work
full time

Usually
work

4,612

11,409

2,107
1,127
152
195
68
564

1,308
893
152
195
68

799
234

3,302

1,458
505

,912
13,
,559
8,
334
1.
,538
349
93
64
,412
1,
,564
1.

24.5
26.2

19.1
17.5

22.6
19.6

24.6
26.4

19.4
17.5

592
1,826

Reasons working part time

196
1,672

744
3,341

560
1,754

184
1,587

609
11,355
9,085

344
1,350
484
93
64

307

16,019

564
10,610
8,559

334
1,306
349
93
64

232

1,412
406

Nonagricultural workers by industry and full- or part-time status
April 1970
Percent distribution

Industry

Total
at
work

On part time
for economic
reasons

On full-time schedules

On
voluntary
part time

49 hoi

Average
hours,
total
at work

Average
hours,
workers
an full-time
schedules

: le:

100.0
Wage and salary workers . . .

2.9

14.7

82.4

54.8

11.9

15.7

38.9

43.4

100.0

2.9

14.5

82.6

56.9

12.0

13.7

38.5

42.7

39.1

41.4

Construction . . .

100.0

5.9

4.6

89.5

65.3

11.7

12.5

Manufacturing
Durable goods . . .
Nondurable goods .

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.7
3.0
4.7

3.2
2.2
4.8

93.1
94.8
90.4

66.8
68.7
64.0

14.2
14.1
14.2

12.1
12.0
12.2

40.7
41.1
40.2

42.1
42.0
42.1

Transportation and public utilities . .
Wholesale and retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real estate .

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.5
2.6

26.3
10.4

90.6
71.0
88.7

61.9
41.2
66.3

12.3
13.5
8.9

16.4
16.3
13.5

41.1
36.9
39.2

43.4
44.3
41.6

Service industries
Private households
All other service
Public administration

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.5
9.4
1.8
1.0

26.1
58.6
22.6
6.4

71.4
32.0
75.6
92.5

48.3
20.2
51.3
71.8

9.7
5.3
10.2
9.1

13.4
6.5
14.1
11.6

35.6
23.3
36.9
40.2

43.1
43.7
43.1
41.9

Self-employed workers .
Unpaid family workers .

100.0
100.0

3.5
2.1

15.1
44.0

81.4
53.9

28.2
18.7

10.4
8.6

42.8
26.6

45.4
37.6

52.0
51.0

±'Mining not shown separately but included in totals.




HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-25:

Persons

at work

in nonagricultural
sex,

a g e ,color,

industries

a n d marital

by full-

or part-time

status,

status

April 1970
On full-time schedules

Age, sex, color and marital status

Total
at
work

On part
time for
economic
reasons

On
voluntary
part time

40 hours
or less

41 hours
or more

Average
hours,
total
at work

Average
hours,
workers
on full-time
schedules

(In thousands)
TOTAL
Total, 16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years . . '.
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 44 years —
45 to 64 years
65 years and over

,947
,367
,132
,075
,056
,815
,957
,859
,428
,867
,564

2,107
326
199
56
143
1,908
325
1,583
839
677
68

10,610
3,814
3,025
1,752
1,273
7,585
1,419
6,167
2,854
2,266
1,046

59,230
4,227
1,908
267
1,640
57,322
7,213
50,109
26,735
21,924
1,450

39,412
3,384
1,544
196
1,347
37,868
5,333
32,536
17,011
14,589
936

19,818
843
364
71
293
19,454
1,880
17,573
9,724
7,335
514

38.9
28.2
24.5
17.2
29.4
40.1
37.1
40.5
41.0
40.8
32.0

43.4
40.7
40.6
40.7
40.6
43.5
41.6
43.7
43.9
43.5
44.2

43,979
4,227
2,723
1,157
1,566
41,256
4,702
36,554
19,750
15,200
1,603

1,069
160
106
31
75
964
172
793
448
308
37

3,481
2,002
1,621
951
669
1,860
668
1,192
271
326
594

39,429
2,065
996
175
822
38,432
3,862
34,569
19,031
14,566
972

23,348
1,464
710
122
589
22,636
2,514
20,122
10,693
8,828
602

16,081
601
286
53
233
15,796
1,348
14,447
8,338
5,738
370

42.0
28.7
25.3
18.6
30.2
43.1
38.6
43.6
44.5
43.6
33.3

44.7
41.9
41.7
41.0
41.8
44.8
43.0
45.0
45.4
44.6
44.3

27,968
4,140
2,408
918
1,491
25,559
4,254
21,305
10,678
9,666
961

1,038
167
93
25
68
945
154
791
391
369
31

7,129
1,812
1,404
800
604
5,725
751
4,974
2,583
1,940
452

19,801
2,161
911
93
819
18,889
3,349
15,540
7,704
7,357
478

16,065
1,919
833
75
759
15,230
2,818
12,413
6,318
5,759
334

3,736
242
78
18
60
3,659
531
3,127
1,386
1,598
144

34.2
27.7
23.5
15.4
28.5
35.2
35.4
35.2
34.5
36.4
29.8

40.6
39.6
39.4
40.1
39.3
40.7
39.9
40.8
40.2
41.3
43.8

64,221
39,699
24,522

1,626
827
799

9,575
3,182
6,393

53,020
35,690
17,330

34,556
20,587
13,969

18,464
15,103
3,361

39.2
42.3
34.1

43.6
45.0
40.7

7,725
4,280
3,446

481
243
239

1,034
298
736

6,210
3,739
2,471

4,855
2,760
2,096

1,355
979
375

37.2
39.3
34.5

41.5
42.2
40.4

MARITAL STATUS
Male:
Married, wife present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)

34,663
2,207
7,108

717
93
259

1,080
156
2,245

32,866
1,958
4,604

18,850
1,227
3,270

14,016
731
1,334

43.8
41.0
33.4

45.1
43.8
72.6

Female:
Married, husband present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)

16,527
5,218
6,224

609
250
180

4,298
877
1,954

11,620
4,091
4,090

9,522
3,188
3,354

2,098
903
736

34.3
36.5
31.8

40.4
41.1
40.6

Males, 16 years and over
16 to 21 years
.
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 44 years
45 to 64 years
65 years and over

Females, 16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 44 years
45 to 64 years
65 years and over

—

•

COLOR
White
Male
Female

Negro and other races
Male
Female.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
A - 2 5 : Persons at work in n o n a g r i c u l t u r a l industries by full- or p a r t - t i m e status,
sex, a g e , color, and m a r i t a l status — Continued
April 1970
On full-time schedules

Age, sex, color and marital status

Total
at
work

On part
time for
economic
reasons

On
voluntary
part time

40 hours
or less

41 hours
or more

(Percent distribution)

TOTAL

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.9
3.9
3.9
2.7
4.7
2.9
3.6
2.7
2.8
2.7
2.7

14.7
45.6
58.9
84.4
41.7
11.4
15.8
10.7
9.4
9.1
40.8

82.3
50.5
37.2
12.8
53.7
85.8
80.5
86.6
87.9
88.2
56.5

54.8
40.4
30.1
9.4
44.1
56.7
59.5
56.2
55.9
58.7
36.5

27.5
10.1
7.1
3.4
9.6
29.1
21.0
30.4
32.0
29.5
20.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.4
3.8
3.9
2.7
4.8
2.3
3.7
2.2
2.3
2.0
2.3

7.9
47.4
59.5

14.2
3.3
1.4
2.1
37.1

89.7
48.8
36.6
15.1
52.5
93.2
62.2
94.5
96.3
95.8
60.7

53.1
34.6
26.1
10.5
37.6
54.9
53.5
55.0
54.1
58.1
37.6

36.6
14.2
10.5
4.6
14.9
38.3
28.7
39.5
42.2
37.7
23.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.7
4.0
3.9
2.7
4.6
3.7
3.6
3.7
3.7
3.8
3.2

25.5
43.8
58.3
87.1
40.5
22.4
17.7
23.3
24.2
20.1
47.0

70.8
52.2
37.8
10.2
54.5
73.9
78.7
73.0
72.2
76.1
49.8

57.4
46.4
34.6
8.2
50.9
59.6
66.2
58.3
59.2
59,6
34.8

13.4
5.8
3.2
2.0
4.0
14.3
12.5
14.7
13.0
16.5
15.0

White
Male
Female.

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.5
2.1
3.3

14.9
8.0
26.1

82.6
89.9
70.7

53.8
51.9
57.0

28.8
38.0
13.7

Negro and other races
Male
Female

100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
5.7
6.9

13.4
7.0
21.4

80.3
87.4
71.7

62.8
64.5
60.8

17.5
22.9
10.9

MARITAL STATUS
Male:
Married, wife present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.1
4.2
3.6

3.1
7,1
31.6

34.8
88.7
64.8

54.4
55.6
46.0

40.4
33.1
18.8

Female:
Married, husband present
Widowed, divorced, or separated
Single (never married)

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.7
4.8
2.9

26.0
16.8
31.4

70.3
78.4
65.7

57.6
61.1
53.9

12.7
17.3
11.8

Total, 16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 44 years
45 to 64 years
65 years and over

Males, 16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 and 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 44 years
45 to 64 years
65 years and over

,

•.

I

Females, 16 years and over
16 to 21 years
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 years and over
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 44 years
45 to 64 years
65 years and over

•.

82.2
42.7
4.5

COLOR




HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-26:

Persons

at w o r k

in n o n f a r m

occupations

by full- or part-time

status

a n d

sex

April 1970

On full-time schedules
Total

On part
time for

Occupation group and sex

On voluntary
part time

49 hours

Average
hours,
total at
work

Average
hours, workers
on full-time
schedules

(Thousands of persons)
TOTAL
White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors.
Clerical workers
Sales workers.

36,830
10,988
7,928
13,370
4,545

440
76
73
201
91

5,540
1,398
328
2,553
1,261

30,850
9,514
7,527
10,616
3,193

19,704
5,709
3,135
9,034
1,826

4,056
1,424
1,182
989
461

7,090
2,381
3,210
593
906

39.9
40.7
47.7
35.8
36.4

44.1
44.4
49.2
40.1
44.5

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

26,090
9,549
13,084
3,457

1,303
257
795
250

1,846
299
879
668

22,941
8,993
11,410
2,539

15,920
5,867
8,153
1,902

3,667
1,620
1,688
359

3,354
1,506
1,569
278

39.7
41.6
39.6
34.7

42.4
42.9
42.3
41.2

9,382
1,528
7,854

398
135
263

3,303
890
2,412

5,681
503
5,179

3,895
316
3,580

854
84
770

932
103
829

33.0
23.8
34.8

43.3
43.7
43.2

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
Sales workers

19,458
6,733
6,684
3,376
2,665

151
32
60
36
24

1,418
456
173
413
376

17,889
6,245
6,451
2,927
2,265

9,190
3,440
2,488
2,195
1,065

2,778
974
1,026
395
383

5,921
1,831
2,937
337
817

44.3
43.6
48.8
38.6
41.8'

46.6
45.7
49.8
41.7
46.3

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

21,692
9,284
9,056
3,352

883
255
391
238

1,437
257
536
644

19,372
8,772
8,129
2,470

12,816
5,683
5,285
7,846

3,320
1,597
1,373
351

3,236
1,492
1,471
273

40.4
41.7
41.2
34.8

43.0
43.0
43.5
41.2

3,109
26
3,083

62
3
58

682
15
667

2,365
8
2,358

1,425
3
1,423

395
1
394

545
4
541

38.2
24.8
38.3

45.1
48.1
45.1

17,373
4,255
1,243
9,994
1,881

287
44
13
165
67

4,122
942
155
2,140
885

12,964
3,269
1,075
7,689
929

10,517
2,269
646
6,840
761

1,278
450
156
594
78

1,169
550
273
255
90

35.0
36.2
42.0
34.8
28.7

40.6
42.0
45.5
39.4
40.3

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operative s
Nonfarm laborers

4,398
265
4,028
105

419
2
405
12

409
42
344
24

3,570
221
3,279
69

3,106
184
2,864
56

347
23
316

117
14
99
5

36.1
36.0
36.2
33.8

39.4
40.2
39.3
41.1

Service workers
Private household
Other service workers

6,272
1,502
4,771

335
131
204

2,620
875
1,745

3,317
496
2,822

2,474
314
2,159

458
83
376

385
99
287

30.4
23.8
32.5

42.0
43.6
41.7

Service workers
Private household
Other service workers. . „ . . . . = . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MALE

Service workers
Private household
Other service workers

••••••

FEMALE
White-collar workers
,
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
,
Sales workers




HOUSEHOLD DATA
A-26: Persons at work in nonfarm occupations by full- or part-time status and sex--Continued
April

1970

On full-time schedules
Total
Occupation group and sex

On part
time for
economic
reasons

On voluntary
part time

Total

40 hours
or less

41 to 48
hours

49 hours
or more

(Percent distribution)
TOTAL
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.2
.7
.9
1.5
2.0

15.0
12.7
4.1
19.1
27.7

83.8
86.7
94.9
79.4
70.2

53.5
52.0
39.5
67.6
40.2

11.0
13.0
14.9
7.4
10.1

19.3
21.7
40.5
4.4
19.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.0
2.7
6.1
7.2

7.1
3.1
6.7
19.3

88.0
73.4

61.0
61.4
62.3
55.0

14.1
17.0
12.9
10.4

12.9
15.8
12.0
8.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

4.2
8.8
3.3

35.2
58.2
30.7

60.5
32.9
66.0

41.5
20.7
45.6

9.1
5.5
9.8

9.9
6.7
10.6

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
•••••
Sales workers

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

.5
.9
1.1
.9

7.3
6.8

91.9
92.8
96.5
86.7
85.1

47.2
51.1
37.2
65.0
40.0

14.3
14.5
15.4
11.7
14.4

30.4
27.2
43.9
10.0
30.7

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.1
2.7
4.3
7.1

19.2

89.3
94.5
89.8
73.7

59.1
61.2
58.4
55.1

15.3
17.2
15.2
10.5

14.9
16.1
16.2
8.1

Service workers
Private household
Other service workers

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.0
11.5
1.9

21.9
57.7
21.6

76.0
30.7
76.5

45.8
11.5
46.2

12.7
3.8
12.8

17.5
15.4
17.5

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
Sales workers

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.7
1.0
1.0
1.7
3.6

23.7
22.1
12.5
21.4
47.0

74.6
76.8
86.6
76.9
49.4

60.5
53.3
52.0
68.4
40.5

7.4
10.6
12.6
5.9
4.1

6.7
12.9
22.0

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.5
.8
10.1
11.4

9.3
15.8
8.5
22.9

81.2
83.4
81.4
65.7

70.6
69.4
71.1
53.3

7.9
8.7
7.8
7.6

2.7
5.3
2.5
4.8

Service workers
Private household
Other service workers

100.0
100.0
100.0

5.3
8.7
4.3

41.8
58.3
36.6

52.8
33.0
59.2

39.4
20.9
45.3

7.3
5.5
7.9

6.1
6.6
6.0

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
Sales workers
Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

• • • -•

Service workers
Private household
Other service workers

•

MALE

2.6
12.2
14.1
6.6
2.8

FEMALE




2.6
4.8

HOUSEHOLD DATA

A-27:

E m p l o y m e n t

status

of

14-

15

y e a r - o l d s

by

sex

a n d

color

April 1970

(In thousands)
Negro and other races
Employment status

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Civilian noninstitutional population.

7,953

Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nqnagricultural industries. . .
Unemployed

1,365
1,224
127
1,096
141

769
682
112
569
87

Not in labor force
Keeping house
Going to school
Unable to work
All other reasons

6,588
50
6,437
16
85

3,263
13
3,191
8
51

4,032

3,921

Female

6,831

3,475

3,357

1,121

557

564

596
542
15
527
54

1,249
1,147
120
1,026
103

690
629
105
524
61

559
518
15
503
42

115
77
7
70
38

79
53
7
46
26

36
24

3,325
37
3,245
8
34

5,582
42
5,460
10
69

2,784
12
2,724
6
42

2,797
31
2,735
4
27

1,006
8
977
6
16

479
1
467
2
9

528
7
510
4
7

24
12

A-28: Employed 14- 15 year-olds by sex, class of worker, and major occupation group
April 1970
Thousands of persons
Characteristics

t distributic

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Male

Female

CLASS OF WORKER

Total

1,224

682

542

100.0

100.0

100.0

1,096
990
508
25
458
96
10

569
474
115
14
346
89
7

527
516
393
11
112
7
3

89.6
81.0
41.5
2.0
37.4
7.8
.8

83.6
69.5
16.8
2.0
50.7
13.0
1.0

97.2
95.4
72.6
2.0
20.7
1.3
.6

127
40
3

112
38
3
71

15
2

10.4
3.3
.2
6.9

16.4
5.6
.4
10.4

2.8
.4

1,224

682

542

100.0

100.0

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors . . .
Clerical workers
Sales workers

278
11

214

64
11

22.8
.9

31.5

11.8
2.0

45
223

17
198

28
25

3.7
18.2

2.5
29.0

5.2
4.6

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
(
Nonfarm laborers. . . i

239
11
55
173

229
9
50
170

10
2
5
3

19.5
.9
4.5
14.1

33.5
1.3
7.3
24.9

1.8
.4
.9
.6

585
416
170

132
24
109

453
392

47.8
34.0
13.9

19.5
3.5
16.0

83.6
72.3
11.3

121
3
118

106
3
103

9.9
.2
9.6

15.5
.4
15.1

2.8

Nonagricultural industries
Wage and salary workers
Private household workers
Government workers
Other wage and salary workers
Self-employed workers
Unpaid family workers
Agriculture
Wage and salary workers
Self-employed workers
Unpaid family workers

,

13

2.4

OCCUPATION
Total

,
,

Service workers
Private household workers
Other service workers

61
Farm workers
Farmers and farm managers
Farm laborers and foremen




,
,

15
15

2.8

HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-29:

Employment status of the noninstitutional population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
(In thousands)
1970

1969

Employment status, sex, and age
Apr.

Mar.

Feb.

86,143
82,872
78,924
3,586
75,338
2,360
1,400
960
3,948

86,087
82,769
79,112
3,550
75,562
1,936
1,093
843
3,657

85,590
82,249
78,822
3,499
75,323
1,821
1,044
777
3,427

Jan

Dec.

Nov.

Oct.

Sept.

Aug.

July

June

May

Apr

Total
Total labor force
Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries. . . . . . . .
On part time for economic reasons
Usually work full time .
Usually work part time
Unemployed

85,599 85,023
82,213 81,583
79,041 78,737
3,426 3,435
75,615 75,302
1,915 1,858
1,036 1,046
879
812
3,172 2,846

84,872
81,379
78,528
3,434
75,094
1,830
1,005
825
2,851

85,051 84,868 84,517
81,523 81,325 60,987
78,445 78,194 78,142
3,446 3,498 3,614
74,999 74,696 74,528
1,945 1,933 1,955
1,017 1,046 1,040
928
887
915
3,078 3,131 2,845

84,310
80,789
77,931
3,561
74,370
1,789
888
901
2,858

84,028
80,504
77,741
3,683
74,058
1,818
974
844
2,763

83,652
80,130
77,321
3,777
73,544
1,744
905
839
2,809

83,950
80,434
77,589
3,661
73,928
1,710
881
829
2,845

49,920 49,707
47,060 46,836
45,709 45,534
2,602
2,537 2,479
43,065 43,172 43,055
1,532
1,351 1,302

49,736
46,826
45,674
2,473
43,201
1,152

49,534
46,578
45,553
2,499
43,054
1,025

49,544
46,531
45,533
2,482
43,051
998

49,642
46,599
45,511
2,575
42,936
1,088

49,405
46,338
45,335
2,646
42,689
1,003

49,334
46,236
45,303
2,676
42,627
933

49,290
46,194
45,251
2,713
42,538
943

49,294
46,203
45,282
2,678
42,604
921

28,274
27,022
571
26,451
1,252

28,295 28,066
27,016 26,925
583
630
26,433 26,295
1,279 1,141

28,073 27,875
27,060 26,897
586
585
26,474 26,312
1,013
978

27,671
26,663
555
26,108
1,008

27,767 27,634 27,664
26,699 26,543 26,626
582
554
535
26,145 26,008 26,044
1,068 1,091 1,038

27,524 27,341
26,512 26,322
610
547
25,965 25,712
1,012 1,019

27,055
26,041
622
25,419
1,014

27,227
26,193
607
25,586
1,034

7,399
6,235
413
5,822
1,164

7,414 7,347
6,387 6,363
430
390
5,957 5,973
1,027
984

6,881
6,029
442
5,587
852

7,004
6,114
376
5,738
890

Men, 20 years and over
Total labor force
Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed

50,032
47,199
45,667

49,642
46,586
45,465
2,593
42,872
1,121

49,488
46,443
45,485
2,670
42,815
958

Women, 20 years and over
Civilian 1 abor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed
Both sexes, 16-19 years
Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed

7,314
6,307
367
5,940
1,007

7,130
6,287
351
5,936
843

7,177
6,332
397
5,935
845

7,157
6,235
317
5,918
922

7,105
6,186
370
5,816
919

6,880
6,031
362
5,669
849

6,927
6,084
368
5,716
843

6,927
6,116
397
5,719
811

NOTE: Because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series, detail for the household data shown in tables A-29 through A-3 7 will not necessarily add to
totals.

A-30:

Full- and part-time status of the civilian labor force by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
1969

1970
Full- and part-time employment
status, sex, and age

Apr.

Mar.

Feb.

Jan

Dec.

Nov.

Oct.

Sept.

Aug.

July

June

May

Apr

Full time
Total, 16 years and over:
Civilian labor force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate • • • •

70,810 70,557 70,407
67,720 67,707 67,781
3,090 2,850 2,626
4.4
4.0
3.7

70,623 70,269
68,235 68,017
2,388 2,252
3.2
3.4

70,184 70,190 70,308 70,052
68,039 68,010 67,993 67,915
2,315 2,137
2,145 2,180
3.1
3.3
3.1
3.1

Men, 20 years and over:
Civilian labor force . . .
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate . .

44,898
43,487
1,411
3.1

44,715 44,536
43,460 43,348
1,255 1,188
2.7
2.8

44,604 44,486
43,561 43,506
1,043
980
2.2
2.3

44,420 44,447 44,482 A , 303 44,177 44,158 44,143 44,135
43,515 43,539 43,524 3,485 43,279 43,318 43,293 43 ,278
958
908
818
905
898
850
857
840
2.2
2.0
1.8
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.9
1.9

Women, 20 years and over:
Civilian labor force . . .
Employed
Unemployed . . . . . .
Unemployment rate . .

22,054
21,042
1,012
4.6

21,982 21,965
20,982 21,087
878
1,000
4.0
4.5

22,146 21,813
21,332 21,089
814
724
3.3
3.7

21,852 21,862
21,096 21 ,059
803
756
3.5
3.7

21,878 21,971
21,036 21,116
855
842
3.9
3.8

69,735 69,533
67,572 67,408
2,163 2,125
3.1
3.1

21,752 21,636
20,956 20,812
824
796
3.8
3.7

69,273 69,396
67,128 67,193
2,145 2,203
3.2
3.1

21,501 21,592
20,684 20,749
817
843
3.9
3.8

Part time
Total, 16 years and over:
Civilian labor force . • •
11,949 11,958 11,634 11,803 11,360 11,261 11,314 11,072 11,032 10,883 10,899 10,844 10,954
Employed .
11,064 11,109 10,828 10,946 10,677 10,580 10,539 10,301 10,272 10,212 10,297 10,165 10,300
681
806
Unemployed
654
760
683
857
671
771
775
849
885
602
679
6.9
6.0
7.0
6.9
6.0
6.0
7.3
7.4
6.9
Unemployment rate . .
6.2
7.1
6.3
5.5
NOTE: Persons on part-time schedules for economic reasons are included in the full-time employed category; unemployed persons are allocated by whether seeking full- or
part-time work.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-31:

Employment status by color, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
(In thousands)
1970

1969

Characteristics
Feb.

Apr.

Dec.

Nov.

Oct.

Sept.

Aug. July

June

May

Apr.

White

Total:,
Civilian labor force
Employed . . . .
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

73,662 73,621 73,169
70,499 70,617 70,406
3,163 3,004 2,763
4.3
3.8
4.1

71,553
69,316
2,237
3.1

42,498 42,407 42,194 42,133 41,953 41,959 41,956 41,965 41,838 41,724 41,645 41,624

Males, 20 years and over:
Civilian labor force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

73,159 72,589 72,392 72,447 72,261 71,835 71,733 71,513 71,332
70,558 70,266 70,093 69,930 69,733 69,548 69,447 69,361 69,103
2,323 2,299 2,517 2,528 2,287 2,286 2,152 2,229
2,601
3.2
3.2
3.0
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.5
3.5
3.6

41,232 41,260 41,115
1,266 1,147 1,079
3.0
2.6
2.7

41,165 41,122 41,130 41,022 41,044 41,052 40,890 40,875 40,840
784
770
831
829
921
786
834
968
934
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.2
1.9
2.3
2.2

41,648
40,897
751
1.8

24,601 24,599
23,623 23,576
978 1,023
4.2
4.0

24,437
23,520
917
3.8

24,504 24,243 24,053 24,174 23,979 23,973 23,894 23,760 23,607
23,665 23,429 23,245 23,308 23,116 23,136 23,108 22,955 22,818
789
805
808
839
814
863
837
786
866
3.3
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.6

23,685
22,900
785
3.3

6,563 6,615
5,644 5,781
834
919
14.0 12.6

6,538
5,771
767
11.7

6,522
5,728
794
12.2

6,393
5,715
678
10.6

6,380
5,718
662
10.4

6,317
5,600
717
11.4

6,317
5,573
744
11.8

6,024
5,360
664
11.0

6,115
5,449
666
10.9

6,108
5,531
577
9.4

6,101
5,445
656
10.8

6,220
5,519
701
11.3

Total:
Civilian labor force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

9,213 9,253
8,414 8,598
655
799
7.1
8.7

9,160
8,520
640
7.0

9,259
8,675
584
6.3

9,115
8,598
517
5.7

9,042
8,484
558
6.2

9,011
8,419
592
6.6

8,962
8,366
596
6.7

9,061
8,479
582
6.4

,920
,339
581
6.5

8,888
8,287
601
6.8

8,834
8,270
564
6.4

8,880
8>259
621
7.0

Males, 20 years and over:
Civilian labor force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

4,656 4,693
4,399 4,484
209
257
4.5
5.5

4,675
4,461
214
4.6

4,73!
4,55C
181
3.8

4,657
4,480
177
3.8

4,602
4,43C
172
3.7

4,607
4,424
183
4.0

4,599
4,409
190
4.1

4,611
4,442
16$
3.7

4,571
4,398
173
3.8

4,573
4,397
176
3,8

4,557
4,399
158
3.5

4,517
4,351
166
3.7

Females, 20 years and over:
Civilian labor force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

3,713 3,715
3,421 3,466
292
249
7.9
6.7

3,656
3,440
216
5.9

3,676 3,664
3,497 -3,502
162
179
4.4
4.9

3,608
3,412
196
5.4

3,576
3,373
203
5.7

3,595
3,372
223
6.2

3,638
3,412
226
6.2

3,554
3,333
221
6.2

3,529
3,316
213
6.0

3,503
3,296
207
5.9

3,573
3,310
263
7.4

845

829
619
210
25.3

794
616
178
22.4

832
642
190
22.8

828
622
206
24.9

768
585
183
23.8

812
625
187
23.C

795
608
187
23.5

786
574
212
27.0

774
575
199
25.7

790
598
192
24.3

Females, 20 years and over:
Civilian labor force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years:
Civilian labor force
Employed
Unemployed . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate
Negro and other races

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years:
Civilian labor force
Employed
• • •••
Unemployed
Unemployment rate . , .

A-32:

•

844
594

648

250
29.6

•• •

197
23.3

852
628
224
26.3

Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment, seasonally adjusted
(In thousands)

1970
Duration of unemployment




1969
Jan.

Dec.

1,973
1,016
465
306
159

1,756
914
409
276
133

1,515
893
392
272
120

8.1

7.8

8.1

Apr.

Mar.

Feb.

2,295
1,075
569
372
197

1,995
1,154
545
363
182

8.2

8.4

Nov.

Oct.

1,558 1,882
882
912
389
363
233
249
130
140
8.0

7.3

Sept.

1,756
995
392
240
152
7.9

June

May

Apr.

1,646 1,656
824
854
400
385
250
233
167
135

1,578
812
385
255
130

1,720
639
400
263
137

1,711
748
381
246
135

8.2

8.4

8.2

7.9

Aug.

7.8

July

HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

A-33:

Major unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted

(Unemployment races)

1969

1970
Selected categories

Dec.

Nov.

Oct.

Sept.

July

June

4.2 3.9
2.8 2.5
4.1 3.6
13.4 13.8

3.5
2.2
3.5
11.8

3.5
2.1
3.6
11.8

3.8
2.3
3.8

3.8
2.4

12.9

3.9
12.9

3.5
2.1
3.8
12.3

3.5
2.2
3.7
12.2

3.4
2.0
3.7
11.7

3.8
7.0

3.6
6.3

3.2
5.7

3.2
6.2

3.5
6.6

3.5
6.7

3.2
6.5
1.6
3.1
6.2
.5
2.2
4.0

3.0
6.8

3.1
6.4

3.1
7.0

1.7
3.3
7.0
.5
2.2
4.3

3.2
6.4
1.5
3.1
6.9
.5
2.1
4.0

2.2
4.0
7.1
.7
2.7
4.8

2.0
3.7
6.9
.6
2.7
4.5

1.8
3.4
7.3
.5
2.5
4.2

1.7
3.2
6.0
.5
2.4
3.9

1.5
3.1
6*0
.5
2.4
4.0

1.6
3.1
6.9
.4
2.2
4.3

1.5
3.1
5.5

1.5
3.2
6.0

2!.l
3.8

1.5
3.1
6.3
.5
2.0
3.8

2.9
2.1
1.2
4.0
4.1

2.7
2.3
1.2
3.6
3.5

2.3
1.7
1.0
3.2
3.4

2.1
1.5
.9
3.1
2.8

2.1
1.8
1.0
2.8
2.6

2.1
1.2
.9
3.5
2.2

2.4
1.6
.9
3.4
3.5

2.2
1.4
1.0
3.2
2.8

2.2
1.3
1.0
3.2
2.9

2.2
1.4
.9
3.2
3.2

2.1
1.3
1.0
3.0
2.8

2.0
1.3
.9
2.9
2.9

1.8
1.2
.8
2.5
3.1

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

5.7
3.5
6.3
8.8

5.2
3.1
6.2
7.4

5.0
2.5
6.0
7.7

4.6
2.3
5.1
8.5

4.3
2.3
5.0
7.4

4.2
2.1
4.9
6.9

4.2
2.4
4.9
6.5

4.4
2.6
4.7
7.6

3.8
2.1
4.2
6.8

3.8
1.9
4.2
7.1

3.7
1.9
4.3
6.1

3.8
2.3
4.1
6.5

4.0
2.2
4.6
6.8

Service workers

5.0

4.9

4.8

4.5

3.6

4.0

4.2

4.8

4.5

4.3

4.4

4.2

4.5

Farm workers

2.1

2.3

1.9

2.1

2.1

1.4

1.8

1.9

1.9

2.9

1.9

1.8

1.9

4.8

4.6

4.3

3.9

3.6

3.6

3.8

3.9

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

8.1
4.7
4.9
4.5
3.9
5.5
3.9

8.1
4.7
4.8
4.6
3.1
4.7
4.0

7.9
4.6
4.7
4.4
2.4
4.7
3.2

7.1
3.8
3.8
3.8
2.9
4.3
3.1

6.0
3.8
3.7
3.9
2.4
3.9
2.7

5.4
3.7
3.6
3.9
2.4
3.9
3.2

7.3
3.6
3.2
4.2
2.9
4.2
3.1

7.4
3.7
3.2
4.3
2.0
4.5
3.4

7.0
2.9
2.3
3.7
2.0
4.3
3.4

5.9
3.2
3.1
3.3
2.0
4.1
3.6

5.1
3.3
3.2
3.4
1.9
4.2
3.2

5.7
3.1
2.9
3.4
2.4
4.1
3.3

6.0
3.2
3.0
3.4
2.3
4.2
3.3

2.2

2.1

2.0

2.2

2.0

2.1

2.4

1.9

1.9

1.8

1.7

1.7

1.6

5.9

6.4

5.8

6.2

6.5

5.2

6.3

6.5

6.5

8.9

5.6

5.3

5.8

Apr.

Mar.

Feb.

4.8
3.2
4.4

15.7

4.4
2.9
4.5
13.9

4.3
8.7

4.1
7.1

2.4
4.4
7.4
.7
3.1
5.1

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
Sales workers
.

Total (all civilian w o r k e r s ) . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Women, 20 years and over
Both sexes, 16-19 years
White
Negro and other races
Married men .
Full-time workers
Part-time workers . .
Unemployed 15 weeks and over 1
State insured?.
Labor force time lost 3

Jan.

Aug.

May

Apr.

3.5 3.5
2.0 2.0
3.7 3.8
12.4 12.7

3.8

Occupation

Industry

Private wage and salary workers^ . .
Construction
Manufacturing.
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Transportation and public utilities.
Wholesale and retail trade
Finance and service industries . . .
Government wage and salary workers.
Agricultural wage and salary workers

Unemployment rate calculated as a percent of civilian labor force,
'•"-ured unemployment under State programs as a percent of average
:d employment,
^Man-hours lost by the unemployed and persons on part time fc economic reasons as a percent of potentially available labor fc rce man-hours.
Includes mining, not shown separately.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-34:

Rates of unemployment by age and sex, seasonally adjusted

1970

1969

Age and sex
Apr.

Total, 16 years and over • • •
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years.
25 years and over
25 to 54 years
55 years and over

Oct.

Sept.

Aug.

July

May

Apr.

4.8

4.2

3.9

3.5

3.5

3.8

3.8

3.5

3.5

3.4

3.5

3.5

15.7
18.7
13.8
7.7
3.1
3.2
2.8

13.9
15.7
12.4
6.8
3.0
3.1
2.7

13.4
16.3
11.7
7.3
2.6
2.7
2.4

13.8
17.2
11.6
6.1
2.4
2.5
2.0

11.8
13.7
10.2
5.8
2.2
2.3
2.1

11.8
14.3
9.2
5.8
2.2
2.1
1.9

12.9
16.5
10.4
6.4
2.4
2,4
2.3

12.9
16.1
10.6
6.5
2.4
2.5
2.2

12.3
15.8
9.8
5.4
2.3
2.3
2.0

12.2
14.6
10.3
5.8
2.3
2.3
2.0

11.7
13.5
10.1
5.4
2.2
2.3
2.0

12.4
14.0
11.5
5.5
2.2
2.3
1.7

12.7
14.8
11.4
5.7
2.2
2.3
2.0

4.2

..

4.4

3.6

3.6

3.3

2.9

2.9

3.1

3.2

2.8

2.9

2.7

2.7

2.7

12.5
14.6
10.8
6.4
2.4
2.3
2.8

13.0
15.4
11.0
6.9
2.2
2.1
2.4

12.6
14.9
10.8
6.1
2.0
2.0
2.1

11.0
13.1
9.3
5.5
1.8
1.7
2.2

11.7
13.7
8.9
5.3
1.7
1.4
1.9

11.8
14.4
9.6
6.3
1.9
1.8
2.2

12.0
15.0
9.4
6.4
1.8
1.8
2.0

11.3
15.5
7.8
4.5
1.7
1.6
2.0

11.8
14.4
9.7
5.3
1.7
1.7
1.9

10.7
13.0
8.5
4.8
1.6
1.5
1.8

11.1
13.9
9.2
4.8
1.7
1.7
1.6

11.5
13.1
10.4
4.8
1.6
1.6
1.8

4.6

4.7

4.8

4.9

12.7
14.8
11.0
6.3
3.2
3.5
2.3

13.0
14.3
11.9
6.0
3.3
3.6
2.3

14.0
14.2
14.1
6.4
3.1
3.4
1.9

14.3
17.1
12.6
6.7
3.2
3.5
2.5

June

May

Males, 16 years and over...
16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 54 years
55 years and over

Feb.

....

15.2
17.2
13.9
7.9
2.6
2.6
2.8

Females, 16 years and over.

5.7

A-35:

5.7

5.1

4.8

4.5

4.5

4.9

5.0

4.8

16.4
20.6
13.7
7.5
3.8
4.2
2.7

16 to 19 years
16 and 17 years
18 and 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 years and over
25 to 54 years
55 years and over

15.6
17.0
14.3
7.2
4.0
4.4
2.5

13.9
17.3
12.7
7.6
3.3
3.6
2.3

15.2
20.3
12.4
6.2
3.0
3.3
1.7

12.8
14.7
11.2
6.1
3.0
3.3
1.9

11.9
15.0
9.6
6.5
3.1
3.4
2.0

14.2
19.2
11.3
6.5
3.4
3.6
2.5

14.2
17.7
12.0
6.6
3.4
3.7
2.5

13.6
16.2
12.0
6.3
3.3
3.6
2.1

Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment, seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
1970

' 1969

Reason for unemployment
Apr.

Mar.

Feb.

Jan.

Dec.

1,613
573
1,207
550

1,503 1,390
473
466
1,225 1,089
479
477

1,202
460
1,106
509

1,170 1,033
426
455
999
916
358
358

100.0
40.9
14.5
30.6
13.9

100.0 100.0
40.9 40.5
12.7 13.8
33.4 31.8
13.0 13.9

100.0
36.7
14.0
33.8
15.5

100.0 100.0
40.4 36.7
15.7 15.1
31.6 35.5
12.3
12.7

Nov.

Oct.

Sept.

Aug.

July

1,010 993
411 483
1,079 1,079
462 495

981
452
1,041
411

1,009
434
967
426

1,055 1,029
451
400
843
985
400
399

1,051
445
929
425

100.0
34.1
13.9
36.4
15.6

100.0
32.6
15.8
35.4
16.2

100.0
34.0
15.7
36.1
14.2

100.0
35.6
15.3
34.1
15.0

100.0 100.0
38.4 36.6
16.4 14.2
30.7 35.0
14.2
14.6

100.0
36.9
15.6
32.6
14.9

1.2
.5
1.3

1.2
.6
1.3
.6

1.2
.6
1.3
.5

1.2
.5
1.2
.5

1.3
.5
1.2
.6

1.3
.6
1.2
.5

Number of unemployed

Lost last job
Left last job
Reentered labor force
Never worked before

....

Percent distribution

Total unemployed
Lost last job
Left last job
Reentered labor force
Never worked before
Unemployed as a percent of the
civilian labor force

Lost last job
Left last job
Reentered labor force
Never worked before




1.9
.7
1.5
.7

1.8
.6
1.5
.6

1.7
.6
1.3
.6

1.5
.6
1.3
.6

1.4
.6
1.1
.5

1.3
.5
1.2

.
4

1.3
.6
1.0
.5

HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

A-36:

Employed persons by age and sex, seasonally adjusted

(In thousands)

1970
Age and sex

Apr.

Mar.

1969
Feb.

Jan.

Dec.

Nov.

Oct.

Sept.

Aug.

July

June

May

Apr.

Total

78,924 79,112
6,235
2,656
3,590
9,583
63,078
48,909
14,188

6,387
2,774
3,654
9,593
63,134
48,846
14,326

78,822 79,041 78,737 78,528 78,445 78,194 78,142 77,931 77,741

77,321 77,589

6,116
2,541
3,569
9,356
>2,199
^8,189
14,052

6,029 6,114
2,534 2,622
3,467 3,504
9,173 9,227
62,195 62,219
48,149 48,122
14,036 14,112

49,058 49,204 49,055 49*067 48,949 48,956 48,819 48,702 48,697

48,654 48,745

6,363
2,760
3,634
9,538
62,970
48,821
14,203

6,307
2,713
3,647
9,644
63,132
49,043
14,223

6,287
2,667
3,660
9,441
62,998,
48,945
14,117

6,332
2,707
3,654
9,506
62,709
48,619
14,075

6,235 6,186 6,031 6,084
2,625 2,614 2,474 2,526
3,598 3,565 3,530 3,515
9,457 9,428 9,477 9,371
62,770 62,589 62,630 62,433
48,600 48*435 48,492 48,304
14,096 14,108 14,121 13,969

Male

49,099 49,313

3,524 3,530 3,502 3,534 3,438 3,491 3,334 3,367 3,394
3,432 3,604
3,403 3,463
11558 1,580 1,550 1,600 1^36 1,586 1,454 1,496 1,498
1,504 1,547
1,529 1,601
1,882 1,909
1,984 1,974 1,987 1,954 1,905 1,914 1,861 1,838 1,892
1,896 2,027
5,008 4,972
5,102 5,117 5,093 5,088 5,068 5,071 5,107 5,029 5,036
5,154 5,146
40,501 40,567 40,468 40,571 40,500 40,418 40,421 40,403 40,407 40,274 40,231 40,255 40,295
31,369 31,402 31,352 31,409 31,469 31,353 31,324 31,288 31,336 31,284 31,258 31,238 31,225
9,148 9,209 9,067 9,076 9,076 9,098 9,051 8,975 8?941 9,025 9,070
9,131 9,181
Female

29,764 29,837 29,682 29,461 29,496 29,238 29,323 29,229 29,044

28,667 28,844

2,803 2,783
2,839 2,777 2,785 2,798 2,797 2,695 2,697 2,717 2,722
1,202 1,133 1,117 1,107 1,089 1,028 1,020 1,030 1,043
1,127 1,173
1,650 1,673 1,673 1,700 1,693 1,651 1,669 1,677 1,677
1,694 1,627
4,429 4,447
4,436 4,527 4,348 4,418 4,389 4,357 4,370 4,342 4,320
22,577 22,576 22,502 22,561 22,498 22,291 22,349 22,186 22,223 22,159 21,968
17,540 17,444 17,469 17,634 17,476 17,266 17,276 17,147 17,156 17,020 16,931
5,057 5,145
5,055 5,014 5,050 4,999 5,020 5,010 5,070 5,077 5,028

2,626 2,651
1,030 1,075
1,585 1,595
4,165 4,255
21,940 21,924
16,911 16,897
5,011 5,042

29,825 29,799

A-37:

Employed persons by major occupation group, seasonally adjusted

(In thousands)

1970
Occupation group

Apr.

Mar.

1969
Feb.Jan.

Dec.

Nov. Oct. Sept.

Aug. July

June

May

Apr.

White-collar workers
Professional and technical
Managers, officials, and proprietors
Clerical workers
Sales workers
.

38,006 37,936
11,166 11,016
8,206 8,268
13,848 13,884
4,786 4,768

37,927 37,950 37,641 37,483
10,966 11,097 11,007 10,887
8,186 8,190 8,164 8,222
13,965 13,869 13,699 13,530
4,810 4,794 4,771 4,844

Blue-collar workers
Craftsmen and foremen
Operatives
Nonfarm laborers

27,927 28,192
10,211 10,375
14,021 14,018
3,695 3,799

28,274 28,241 28,323 28,432 28,412 28,520 28,429 28,325 £8*061 27,687 28,044
10,268 10,148 10,323 10,258 10,215 10,162 10,189 10,170 10,105
9,977 10,050
14,204 14,281 14,268 14,433 14,535. 14,676 14,560 14,532 .4,288 14,079 14,257
3,802 3,812 3,732 3,741 3,662 3,682 3,680 3,623 3,668
3,631 3,737

Service workers
Farmers and farm laborers




9,634
3,210

9,729
3,214

9,562
3,160

9,728 9,688
3,084 3,037

9,558
3,087

37,406 37,047 36,917 36,807 36,896
10,915 10,763 10,699 10,831 L0,788
8,037 8,022 7,958 7,931 7,963
13,737 13,573 13,528 13,334 L3,406
4,717 4,689 4,732 4,711 4,739

9,520
3,143

9,531
3,199

9,467
3,258

9,480
3,238

9,403
3,403

36,673 36,462
10,714 10,717
8,028 7,987
13,279 13,159
4,652 4,599

9,417
3,484

9,582
3,364

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HISTORICAL EMPLOYMENT
B-l: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry division
1919 to date
(In thousands)
Contract
construction

Manufacturing

1,021
848
1,012
1,185
1,229

28,040
28,778
29,819
29,976
30,000

1,133
1,239
962
929
1,212
1,101
1,089
1,185
1,114
1,050

10,659
10,658
8,257
9,120
10,300
9,671
9,939
10,156
10,001
9,947
10,702
9,562
8,170
6,931
7,397

Mining

Year and month

Transportation and
public
utilities

Wholesale and retail trade
Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance,
Insurance,
and real
estate

State and
local

3,711
3,998
3,459
3,505
3,882

4,514
4,467
4,589
4,903
5,290

1,111
1,175
1,163
1,144
1,190

2,263
2,362
2,412
2,503
2,684

2,676
2,603
2,528
2,538
2,607

3,807
3,826
3,942
3,895
3,828

5,407
5,576
5,784
5,908
5,874

1,231
1,233
1,305
1,367
1,435

2,782
2,869
3,046
3,168
3,265

2,720
2,800
2,846
2,915
2,995

3,916
3,685
3,254
2,816
2,672

6,123
5,797
5,284
4,683
4,755

1,509
1,475
1,407
1,341
1,295

3,
3,376
3,183
2,931
2,873

3,065
3,148
3,264
3,225
3,166

533
526
560
559
565

2,532
2,622
2,704
2,666
2,601

8,501
9,069
9,827
10,794
9,44o

2,750
2,786
2,973
3,134
2,863

5,281
5,431
5,809
6,265
6,179

1,319
1,335
1,388
1,432
1,425

3,058
3,142
3,326
3,518
3,473

3,299
3,481
3,668
3,756
3,883

652
753
826
833
829

2,647
2,728
2,842
2,923
3,054

30,618
854
10,278
1939
32,376
925
10,985
1940
36,554
13,192
957
19^1.
40,125
15,280
992
1914-2
42,452
17,602
925
19^3.
892 1,094
17,328
41,883
1944
836 1,132
15,524
40, 394
1945
14,703
862 1,661
41,67^
1946
15,545
955 1,982
43,881
15,582
44,891
994 2,169
1947
•.
•
1948
14,441
43,778
930 2,165
19^9
45,222
901 2,333
15,241
1950
47,849
929 2,603
16,393
48,825
898 2,634
16,632
1951
50,232
866 2,623
17,549
1952
1953
...... 49,022
16,314
791 2,612
50,675
16,882
1954
792 2,802
52,408
17,243
822 2,999
1955
17,174
52,894
828 2,923
1956.
751 2,778
15,945
51,363
1957....
732 2,960
53,313
16,675
1958
54,234
712 2,885
16,796
1959....
54,042
672 2,816
16,326
i960
55,596
650 2,902
16,853
56,702
635 2,963
1961....
16,995
634 3,050
58,331
17,274
1962
632 3,186
60,815
18,062
1963
627 3,275
63,955
19,214
1964
613 3,208
65,857
19,447
610 3,267
67,860
19,768
1965
628 3,411
70,141
20,121
1966
619 3,255
69,462
19,952
1967
624 3,404
69,929
19,982
638 3,601
1968
70,980
20,336
645 3,681
70,347
20,114
1969
647 3,707
70,607
20,435
1969: April.... 70,814
639 3,663
20,421
*fey
632 3,623
71,198
20,339
631 3,530
June..... 71,227
20,143
631 3,373
July.,..- 71,629
20,056
August...
September 69,797
619 3,021
19,767
October.. 69,893
616 3,045
19,712
November. 70,297
3,140
19,722
617
December. 70,582
19,564
623 3,270
1970: January..
February.
NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1959- This i
March....
Data for the
April.... 2 most recent months are preliminary*.

2,936
3,038
3,274
3,460
3,647

6,426
6,750
7,210
7,118
6,982

1,684
1,754
1,873
1,821
1,741

4,742
4,996
5,338
5,297
5,241

1,462
1,502
1,549
1,538
1,502

3,517
3,681
3,921
4,084
4,148

3,995
4,202
4,660
5,483
6,080

905
996
1,340
2,213
2,905

3,090
3,206
3,320
3,270
3,174

3,829
3,906
4,061
4,166
4,189

7,058
7,314
8,376
8,955
9,272

1,762
1,862
2,190
2,361
2,489

5,296
5,452
6,186
6,595
6,783

1,476
1,497
1,697
1,754
1,829

4,163
4,241
4,719
5,050
5,206

6,043
5,944
5,595
5,474
5,650

2,928
2,808
2,254
1,892
1,863

3,116
3,137
3,341
3,582
3,787

4,001
4,034
4,226
4,248
4,290

9,264
9,386
9,742
10,004
10,247

2,487
2,518
2,606
2,687
2,727

6,778
6,868
7,136
7,317
7,520

1,857
1,919
1,991
2,069
2,146

5,264
5,382
5,576
5,730
5,867

5,856
6,026
6,389
6,609
6,645

1,908
1,928
2,302
2,420
2,305

3,948
4,098
4,087
4,188
4,340

4,084
4,141
4,244
4,241
3,976

10,235
10,535
10,858
10,886
10,750

2,739
2,796
2,884
2,893
2,848

7,496
7,740
7,974
7,992
7,902

2,234
2,335
2,429
2,477
2,519

6,002
6,274
6,536
6,749
6,806

6,751
6,914
7,277
7,616
7,839

2,188
2,187
2,209
2,217
2,191

4,563
4,727
5,069
5,399
5,648

4,011
4,004
3,903
3,906
3,903
3,951
4,036
4,151
4,261
4,403
4,431
4,512
4,528
4,533
4,529
4,502
4,506
4,498

11,127
11,391
11,337
11,566
11,778
12,160
12,716
13,245
13,606
14,081
14,644
14,398
14,517
14,717
14,662
14,660
14,702
14,847
15,090
15,642

2,946
3,004
2,993
3,056
3,104
3,189
3,312
3,437
3,525
3,618
3,767
3,688
3,709
3,793
3,818
3,821
3,806
3,834
3,849
3,875

2,594
2,669
2,731
2,800
2,877
2,957
3,023
3,100
3,225
3,383
3,559
3,517
3,534
3,585
3,629
3,642
3,597
3,591
3,599
3,609

7,130
7,423
7,664
8,028
8,325
8,709
9,087
9,551
10,099
10,592
11,103
11,044
11,131
11,243
11,266
11,253
11,183
11,255
11,230
11,229

5,850
6,083
6,315
6,550
6,868
7,248
7,696
8,227
8,679
9,109
9,469
9,527
9,566
9,516
8,981
8,926
9,347
9,694
9,793
9,831

14,709
14,608
14,698
14778

3,834
3,826
3,§32
3,832

3,606
3,617

11,133
11,232
11,296
LI, £39

8,083
8,353
8,594
8,890
9,225
9,596
10,074
10,792
11,398
11,846
12,227
12,274
12,306
12,348
11,822
11,730
12,080
12,409
12,498
12,591
12,489
12,624

2,233
2,270
2,279
2,340
2,358
2,348
2,378
2,564
2,719
2,737
2,757
2,747
2,740
2,832
2,841
2,804
2,733
2,715
2,705
2,760

4,453
4,439
4,457
4441

8,182
8,388
8,344
8,511
8,675
8,971
9,404
9,808
10,081
10,464
10,876
10,710
10,808
10,924
10,844
10,839
10,896
11,013
11,241
11,767
10,875
10,782
10,866
10,946

2,690
2,694

9,799
9,930

1919
1920
I92I
1922....
1923
......
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931..
1932
•1933.....

27,088
27,350
24,382
25,827
28,394

31,339
29,424
26,649
23,628
23,7H

1,087
1,009
873
731
744

1,497
1,372
1,214
970

1934
1935
1936
1937
1938..

25,953
27,053
29,082
31,026
29,209

883
897
946
1,015

862
912
1,145
1,112
1,055
l,15u
1,294
1,790
2,170
1,567

•




1,321
1,446
1,555
1,608
1,606

mi

ise of 212,000 (0.4 percent) in the nonagricultural total for the March 1959 benchmark month.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
EMPLOYMENT
B-2:

Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry

(In thousands)
All employees

SIC
CODE

Apr.

Industry

1Q7Q

TOTAL

70,582

70,297

Feb.

Apr.

Mar.

Apr.

1Q70

1Q6Q

IQ6Q

1Q7Q

69,462

56,615

47,682

47,505

610

474

468

METAL MINING

Mar.
IQ6Q

68,894

57,569

57,269

57,188

623

MINING

Production workers 1
Mar.
Feb.
Apr.
1Q70
1Q7Q
IQ6Q

69,893

57,782

PRIVATE SECTOR

10
101
102

Mar.
1Q70

617

616

619

47,344

46,824

471

47,208

46 3

95.1
24.8
39.8

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Iron' ores
Copper ores

94.7
24.9
39.2

89.9
24.9
36.2

89.4
24.7
36.O

76.8
120.1
131.9

76.6
20.
31.6

72.4
20.1
29.0

72.2
20.0
28.7

11,12
12

COAL MINING . .
Bituminous coal and lignite mining.

140.0
133.7

139.1
132.8

134.2
127.9

133.7
127.4

121.3
115.7

120.6
115.1

115.'
/HO.i

115.2
IO9.7

13
131,2
138

OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION .
Crude petroleum and natural gas fields . . .
Oil and gas field services

268.6
140.0
128.6

272.2
140.5
131.7

277.6
144.0
133.6

275.4
143.9
131.5

178.3
72.2
106.1

181.4
72
108.9

I87.I
74.
112.9

I85.I
74.5
110.6

14
142
144

NONMETALLIC MINERALS, EXCEPT FUELS
Crushed and broken stone
Sand and gravel

113.1
39.3
36.1

109.8
38.0
35.1

H6.9
40.7
38.7

111.9
38.6
36.1

192.0
32.7

88.9
31.4

95.6
34.1

90.7
32.1

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION

3,270

3,140

GENERAL BUILDING CONTRACTORS. . . .

920.0

HEAVY CONSTRUCTIONCONTRACTORS . .

16
161
162

635.1
228.5
406.6

H i g h w a y and s t r e e t c o n s t r u c t i o n .

Heavy c o n s t r u c t i o n , n e e

17
171
172
173
174
176

3,045

SPECIAL TRADE CONTRACTORS

Plumbing, heating, air conditioning
Painting, paper hanging, decorating
Electrical work
Masonry, stonework, and plastering
Roofing and sheet metal work

.. ,

DURABLE GOODS

32-39
20-23,
26-31

NONDURABLE GOODS

3,077

2,721

2,596

2,506

2,728

2,556

974.3
600.6
207.3
393.3

933.1

766.9

746.2

825.1

784.2

668.0
279.1
388.9

589.O
222.0
367.0

522.7
191.3
331.4

488.0
170.4
317.6

563.3
240.9
322.4

487.8
185.3
302.5

1,306.1 1,271.3 1,339.3 1,284.0
3H.7
310.1
307.4
313.7
98.5
97.2
105.8
92.9
219.6
215.2
219.4
218.4
I85.2
194.2
191.6
203.6
190.4
93.9
87.2
87.5

1,584.5 1,545.3 1,612.4 1,555.1
390.9
383.8
388.8
386.9
120.5
111.5
114.2
108.4
269.2
271.9
275.0
275.1
216.2
226.7
213.1
206.7
108.0
110.7
114.5
107.5

. . . . . .

MANUFACTURING
19,24,25,

3,255

19,564

19,722

19,712

19,952

19,978

14,196

14, ba

14,312

14,604

14,644

11,464

11,579

11,553

11,835

11,841

8,261

8,^61

8,317

8,612

8,623

8,100

8,143

8,159

8,117

8,137

5,935

5,980

5,995

5,992

6,021

Durable Goods
19
192
1925
1929

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES

Ammunition, except for small arms . . . . . .
Complete guided missiles
. ..
Ammunition, exc. for small arms, nee « . .

24
241
242
2 421

243
2431
2432
244
2441,2
249

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS .......
Logging camps & logging contractors . . . .
Sawmills and planing mills
. . .
Sawmills and planing mills, general . . . .
Millwork, plywood & related products . . . .
Millwork
Veneer and plywood
Wooden containers .
Wooden boxes, shook, and crates
Miscellaneous wood products

269.3
(*)

279.2
203.6
123.7
79.9

286.7
209.3
126.2
83.I

341.2
255.9
149.0
IO6.9

345.5
259.5
150.6
IO8.9

139.3
(*)

i49.9
101.7
38.2
! 63.5

155.3
105.8
39.4
66.4

190.9
136.8
49.5
87.3

195.1
140.3
50.8
89.5

566.3
70.0
219.7

567.2
72.8
218.0
182.5
152.3
65.7
68.5
36.0
27.2
88.1

568.1
74.3
217.4
I8I.3
153.2
67.I
68.7
35.8
27.2
87.4

593.4
69.9
231.9
193.2
168.1
73.4
75.3
37.5
29.0
86.0

594.2
72.2
231.5
192.7
167.3
72.5
76.3
37.4
28.7
85.8

486.2

487-7

488.4

515.3

515.5

199.1

197.6
I65.6
126.1

197.1
164.6
126.6
53.5
61.3
31.8
24.1
73.5

211.0
176.1
142.3
59.9
68.5
33.7
26.0
72.5

210.3
175.3
141.5
58.9
69.3
33.5
25.6
72.4

151.9
36.6
"88.1

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




125.7

S 52.3
32.4

61.2
31.8

73.9

24.0
74.1

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
EMPLOYMENT
B-2:

Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued

(In thousands)
AH employees

SIC
Code

Industry

Apr.
1970

Mar;
1910

1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

Apr.
1970

479.3
334.7
168.5
87.7
38.2
40.4
54.1
50.1

490.7
347.0
179.8
89.9
38.6
38.5
52.5
52.7

490.6
346.8
179.6
90.3
38.4
38.8
52.0
53.0

391.1
280.5

637.4
24.9
131.1
75.2
55.9
33.5
58.O
25.3
45.5
175.4
139.8
27.7

654.8
25.5
129.2
73.3
55.9
34.8
64.9
29.0
45.3
185.7
140.1
27.7

646.
26.
129.
73.
56.
34.
64.

514.7

Production workers *
Mar.
Feb.
Apr.
1970
197Q
1969

1969

395.2

407.2

Durable Goods—Continued
25
251
2511
2512
2515
252
254
253,9

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES
Household furniture
Wood household furniture
Upholstered household furniture
Mattresses and bedsprings
Office furniture
Partitions and fixtures
Other furniture and fixtures

32
321
322
3221
3229
324
325
3251
326
327
328,9
3291

STONE,CLAY,AND GLASS PRODUCTS .
Flat glass
.
Glass and glassware, pressed or blown . . .
Glass containers
...
Pressed and blown glass, n e e
.
Cement, hydraulic
Structural clay products
Brick and structural clay tile
Pottery and related products
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products. . .
Other stone and nonmetallic mineral products
Abrasive p r o d u c t s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

33
331
3312
332
3321
3322
3323
333,4
3334
335
3351
3352
3357
336
3361
3362,9
339
3391

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES
Blast furnace and basic steel products .
Blast furnaces and steel mills.
Iron and steel foundries . . . . . . . . . . .
Gray iron foundries
Malleable iron foundries. .
Steel foundries
Nonferrous metals
Primary aluminum
Nonferrous rolling and drawing
Copper rolling and drawing
Aluminum rolling and drawing
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating
Nonferrous foundries
Aluminum castings
Other nonferrous castings
Miscellaneous primary metal products . .
Iron and steel forgings.

..

74.1

34
341
342
3421,3,5
3429
343
3431,2
3433
344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446,9
345
3451
3452
346
347
348
349
3494,8

FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS
Metal cans
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware . . . . . .
Cutlery and hand tools, incl. saws . . . . .
Hardware, n e e
Plumbing and heating, except e l e c t r i c . . . .
Sanitary ware & plumbers' brass goods . .
Heating equipment, except electric
Fabricated structural metal products
Fabricated structural steel
Metal doors, sash, and trim,
Fabricated plate work (boiler shops) . . . .
Sheet metal work . . . .
Architectural and misc. metal work
Screw machine products, bolts, etc
Screw machine products .
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers
Metal stampings .
Metal services, n e e . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Misc. fabricated wire products
Misc. fabricated metal products
Valves, pipe, and pipe fittings

,413.7
69.2
165.0

478.0
%

331.0

648.7
133.8
33.9
59.8
I85.2
139.3

,323.8
..
..

(*)

87.9
209.8
..
83.8

1*16.9

(*)

242.6

96.5
67.6
162.3

33^.7
168.5
87.2
37.7
39.7
54.4

639.3
24.1
131.1
75.2
55.9
33.6
58.6
25.5
1*5.6
178.I
139.8
27.6

1,338.5 1,336.8
636.I
638.3
559.1
555.3
237.3
231.4
148.1
144.9
23.4
23.5
65.8
63.0
87.2
87.0
28.2
213.1
27.4
43.2
215.3
67.4
45.3
78.2
69.8
88.3
76.2
45.8
91.6
42.5
46.8
.74.3
44.8
49.8
75-4
50.3

1,333.3
630.0

1,435.6 1,441.6
67.6
67.9
170.9
169.4
68.6
71.8
102.3
97.6
83.O
82.3
37.8
36.4
45.2
45.9
421.2
114.9
423.9
68.3
112.8
110.8
65.O
79.8
117.3
47.4
80.0
114.6
48.8
52.2
117.7
52.6
62.4
65.I
256.6
245.5
97.4
97.2
70.9
163.2
69.2
159.4
162.5
97.9
96.3
98.1

1,441.1
67.5
171.6
68.9
102.7
83.6
38.2
45.4
420.0
114.8
67.7
110.7
79.2
47.6
114.6
52.3
62.3
256.6
96.8
70.6
159.8
97.2

.,330.7
636.I
557.3
234.7
146.2
22.7
65.8
87.7
28.5
212.3
42.8
67.2
78.O
86.0
45.6
40.4
73.9
49.7

1,430.2
68.6
168.4
72.2
96.2
82.3
36.3
i*6.p
422.1
112.6
64.9
116.0
80.2
48.4
117.1
52.5
64.6
242.8

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




45.
178 <
138.
27-

549.7
231.0
146.1
23.4
61.5
86.8
27.3
215.9
45.1
70.2
76.8
93.0
47.5
45.5
76.6
51.6

37.7

H6.7
26.0
48.3

142.7
IO3.8

1,052.9
(*)

(*)

67.6
156.9
69.I.
58.8

1,079.0
57.6
127.6

(*)

299.5

(*)
195.0
79.3
• 53.6
119.3
-

283.9
148.1
72.5
29.3
31.0
42.3
38.O

396.1
283.6
148.1
72.9
29.7
31.8
42.0

407.6
296.8
159.1
75.8
30.2
30.3
40.5

296.3
158.7
76.0
30.1
30.6
39.4
40.9

504.8
I8.5
114.2
66.9
47.3
25.6
46.6
21.4
38.2
134.4
104.2
19.2

525.7
19.1
113.8

518.9
20.1
114.7

66.7

66.8
47.9

1,060.1 1,066.6

1,068.8

507.3
446.3
196.7
124.5
18.8
53.4
67.5
23.2
158.8
31.8
49.2
6O.5
71.0
38.5
32.5
58.8
39.7

508.5
447.4
198.9
126.3
19.5
53.1
67.4
23.0
159.7
32.4
49.4
60.6
73.1
38.6
34.5
59.0
39.8

508.5
446.4
194.5
124.1
19.6
50.8
67.3
22.5
162.3
34.3
52.1
58.9
76.3
39.6
36.7
59.9
40.4

.,091.1
57.2
129.8
55.7
74.1
60.9
28.9
32.0
302.5
82.8
45.8
81.6
57.9
34.4
91.1
44.0
47.I
195.1
79.9
54.5
120.1
69.2

1,097.1
56.5
131.1
55.2
75.9
61.0
28.9
32.1
305.1
83.I
46.4

1,109.9

82.9
57.8
34.9
92.2
44.4
47.8
197.1
79.7
55.2
119.2
69.2

77.7

506.2
17.7
n4.i
66.9
47.2
25.8
47.2
21.8
38.2
136.9
104.1
19.1

38.7

4o.o

47.I
26.7
53.6
25.3
38.6
145.2
105.2
19.2

57.4
133.1
53-3
79.8
61.6
30.1
31.5
304.1
85.1
49.2
33*6
90.4
44.2
46.2
208.1
81.0
56.6
117.6
68.1

26.1
53.2
25.2
38.6
138.6
104.0
19.0

1,065.5
501.8
440.3
194.1
125.3
19.5
49.3
67.6
22.5
163.I
34.2
52.6
59.3
77.7
40.5
37.2
61.2
41.7

1,111.6
57.5
133.5
53.6
79.9
62.4
30.3
32.1
302.9
85.3
48.5
77.5
58.0
33.6
90.2
44.2
46.0
209.9
80.4
56.8
118.0

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
EMPLOYMENT

54

B-2: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry-Continued
(In thousands)
Industry

Apr.
1970

35
351
3511
3519
352
353
3531,2
3533
3535,6
3537
354
3541
3544
3545
3542,8
355
3551
3552
3555
356
3561
3562
3564
3566
357
3573
358
3585
359

Durable Xioods-Continued
MACHINERY, EXCEPT ELECTRICAL
Engines and turbines
Steam engines and turbines
Internal combustion engines, n e e
Farm machinery
.
Construction and related machinery
Construction and mining machinery. . . . .
Oil field machinery
Conveyors, hoists, cranes, monorails . . .
Industrial trucks and tractors . .
Metal working machinery
Machine tools, metal cutting types . . . . .
Special dies, tools, jigs, & fixtures . . . .
Machine tool accessories
Misc. metal working machinery
Special industry machinery
Food products machinery
Textile machinery
•.
Printing trades machinery
General industrial machinery
Pumps and compressors
Ball and roller bearings
Blowers and fans
.
Power transmission equipment
,
Office and computing machines
t.
Electronic computingiequipment . . . . . .
Service industry machines
Refrigeration machinery
Misc. machinery, except electrical

36
361
3611
3612
3613
362
3621
3622
363
3632
3633
3634
364
3641
3642
3643,4
365
366
3661
3662
367
3671-3
3674,9
369
3694

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES 1,988.2
Llectric test & distributing equipment
224.3
Electric measuring instruments
Transformers
Switchgear and switchboard apparatus. . .
Electrical industrial apparatus
215.5
Motors and generators
Industrial controls
Household appliances
181.2
Household refrigerators and freezers. . . .
Household laundry equipment
Electric housewares and fans
.
Electric lighting and wiring equipment . . .
217.1
Electric lamps
Lighting fixtures
. .. .
Wiring devices
Radio and TV receiving equipment
(*)
Communication equipment
507.7
Telephone and telegraph apparatus
Radio and TV communication equipment. .
Electronic components and accessories. , .
Electron tubes
Other electronic components
Misc. electrical equipment & s u p p l i e s . . . .
123.3
Engine electrical equipment

37
371
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
372
3721
3722
3723,9
373

TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT
Motor vehicles and equipment
Motor vehicles
Passenger car bodies
Truck and bus bodies. . . . .
Motor vehicle parts and accessories . . . .
Truck trailers
Aircraft and parts
Aircraft
Aircraft engines and engine parts
Other aircraft parts and equipment
Ship and boat building and repairing . . . . .
Ship building and repairing
.

3731

Production workers^

All employees

SIC
Code

2,017.4
111.7

300.6

(*)

196.8

282.8

263.2
143-7
243.4

1,874.8

(*)

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

iferT
1969

1970

2,030.6 2,029.9 2,007.0 2,005.2 1,373.2
115.0
112.2
111.6
77.7
109.4
37.0
39.3
37.1
39.1
75.2
75.7
74.5
70.3
139.4
133.2
132.9
138.2
201.1
291.3
300.9
301.4
293.1
159.4
155.3
159.8
47.6
156.4
45.3
47.6
43.2
45.1
43.9
43.8
32.4
34.5
43.3
34.9
344.2
348.4
(*)
33.2
348.6
77.6
77.7
344.3
78,7
126.9
130.0
77.8
129.0
6I.3
60.8
127.5
78.4
79.9
6O.5
129.5
200.2
60.9
198.3
80.4
43.6
45.O
78.1
199.7
42.4
38.7
199.9
45.O
30.8
31.1
43.3
39.7
188.3
286.3
284.7
31.2
42.5
76.3
77.6
287.2
30.8
60.4
61.7
285.2
76.3
32.5
31.5
77.7
60.9
55.1
53.5
135.4
62.0
262.7
249.3
32.7
31.6
169.7
55.0
160.6
102,1
53.6
143.1
261.7
143.7
253.2
94.4
168.7
93.2
16O.3 188.8
246.1
141.9

239.2

143.9

92.9 2,027.7
93.6 1,314.1
2,011.6
244.3
238.O 153.9
224.4
211.1
2,025.9
75.3 2,020.4
69.7
208.9
224.2
62.2
58.6
69.6
76.5
86.9
82.8
56.7
149.1
61.1
220.6
219.0
82.6
86.6
116.6
119.5
219.5
62.8
217.9
115.1
60.6
I8O.7
145.9
119.2
63.4
58.4
187.3
59.5
179.0
27.0
63.4
58.6
186.6
42.8
25.2
27.4
63.5
217.2
167.5
43.7
25.2
41.3
48.3
208.0
42.8
217.8
65.8
4o.o
208.9
47.2
103.I
66.2
39.8
"(*)
65.9
132.5
66.4
101.8
249.1
511.8
104.7
102.7
153.7
154.0
136.7
519.9
154.5
513.9
357.8
134.0
519.7
150.8
399.9
385.9
133.3
363.1
65.9
403.8
386.4
334.0
402.8
71.3
94.2
4o4.7
124.5
332.5
66.1
71.8
124.9
64.8
336.7
332.9

]*)

66.9
126.5
124.7
1,922.5 1,869.4 2,037.3 2,057.8 1,298.7
66.0
67.4
800.0
899.5
(*)
879.2
318.0
379.4
3
359.5
52.0
65.O
63.
63.2
39.1
39.5
39.
39.7
36O,
360.8
385.0
385.7
29.
30.1
30.6
31.1
738,
748.0
827.I
823.8
434,
446.2
487.2
487.2
184,
I8I.3
204.9
203.6
118,
120.5
135.0
133.0
179.
182.1
189.0
(*)
190.3
140,
139.9
143.0
143.6

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




p
1969

Mar.
1970

TErT
1970

1969

L, 386.2 1,385.3 L,379-5 1,377.0
74.5
77.8
79.3
22.7
22.8
22.9
51.8
56.5
55.5
54.9
99.3
95.5
100.5
96.I
196.8
201.8
195.4
202.0
111.1
IO8.3
IO8.7
111.3
33.1
31.4
33.1
31.3
27.1
26.9
27.1
27.3
22.4
21.0
22.7
21.7
260.2
259.6
257.7
257.3
52.5
52.2
53.2
52.5
106.6
104.8
104.2
105.9
44.1
43.9
44.5
44.7
56.7
57.2
55.9
55.9
130.8
131.7
134.2
134.4
28.8
28.6
27.9
28.0
29.7
28.9
32.2
32.1
20.0
19.9
20.3
20.3
188.4
192.5
191.5
188.3
44.2
45.0
45.1
44.3
48.0
47.2
46.6
47.7
19.9
21.2
21.0
19.9
38.8
39.6
39.6
38.7
137.0
135.3
135.3
133.6
67.8
69.7
67.5
69.7
103.I
101.6
100.4
103.1
67.8
66.4
67.9
67.8
186.0
191.7
187.6
1,334.1 1,336.4 1,353.9 1,354.4
152.6
144.0
142.3
153.3
48.0
44.6
47.3
44.7
45.4
44.1
42.3
40.5
60.6
6O.5
57.1
57.1
154.1
150.8
154.0
152.9
82.7
8O.9
85.6
85.5
41.4
40.2
38.6
39.8
145.4
144.0
148.6
149.2
49.7
49.3
52.3
52.5
22.1
19.7
21.7
19.5
33.9
32.3
33.9
34.7
160.6
168.8
168.9
160.2
42.2
43.2
35.1
35.3
50.7
50.5
52.0
51.8
75.9
75.2
73.5
73.1
98.2
95.1
115.4
250.9
114.6
250.8
254.1
99.9
252.6
102.5
88.5
151.0
88.9
148.3
274.0
165.6
271.2
163.7
44.6
284.9
44.5
283.8
229.4
49.7
226.7
49.O
97.1
235.2
234.8
95.3
51.2
95.6
95.5
50.0
52.5
51.9
1,337.8 1,276.8 1,430.3 1,450.7
s
601.7
701.8
663.9
681.5
220.8
281.1
261.2
269.5
39.6
52.8
51.9
53.7
31.6
32.4
32.1
32.3
286.7
3H.2
287.I
3H.9
23.0
22.1
23.7
24.2
416.6
413.1
478.2
475.3
236.0
271.6
271.7
241.9
100.4
116.0
96.6
114.7
90.6
76.7
78.1
88.9
154.3
146.5
145.5
155.5
116.2
113.4
H6.9
112.9

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
EMPLOYMENT
B-2:

Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued

(In thousands)
All employees

SIC
Code

Industry

Apr.
1970

Feb.
1Q70

Apr.
1Q6Q

Mar.
1969

Apr.
1Q70

Production workers '
Mar.
Feb.
Apr.
1Q70
1Q70
1969

Mar.
IQ6Q

Durable Goods"Continued
RANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT-Contirmed

3732
374
375,9
38
381
382
3821
3822
383,5
385
384
386
387

39
391
394
3941-3
3949
395
396

393,8,5
393

Boat b u i l d i n g and r e p a i r i n g
Railroad equipment
Other t r a n s p o r t a t i o n equipment

. . .
. . . . . . .

INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS . .

Engineering & scientific instruments
Mechanical measuring & control devices.
Mechanical measuring devices
Automatic temperature controls
Optical and ophthalmic goods
Ophthalmic goods
Medical instruments and supplies
Photographic equipment and supplies . . .
Watches, clocks, and watchcases
MISCELLANEOUS MANUFACTURING
INDUSTRIES
Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware. . . .
Toys and sporting goods
Games, toys, dolls, & play vehicles . .
Sporting and athletic goods, n e e . . . .
Pens, pencils, office, and art supplies..
Costume jewelry and notions
Other manufacturing industries
Musical instruments and parts

1*60.8
109.9

51.3
77.5
115.2

1*27.1

167.5

39.9
5k.k
87.9
1*63.8
72.3
111.2
68.5
1*2.7
51.7
33.3
77.9
115.0
35.7
^25.9
51.0
112.8
59-1*
53-1*
3^.3
58.3
169.5
22.8

1*2.2
53.9
85.4

1*6.7
52.8
91.2

1*6.0
51.6
90.6

1*63.8
72.9
112.1

1*69.6
8O.5
112.6
67.9
11.7
**
50.9
32.2
76.3
112.1*
36.9

1*69.3
81.1
112.0
67.7
1*1*. 3
50.7
32.0

76.6
111.8
37.1

52.2
61.1

353
51.8
118.1*
65.1*
53.0
33.6
61.0
170.5
21*.9

1*3^.0

330.1
37.9

68.9
1*3.2
51.0
33.0
77.9
115.1*

1*21*. 2
51.1
111.3
58.5
52.8
3**. 3
58.7
168.8
23.0

51.7
115.6
62.1*
53.2
32.5
61.0
170.2
25.0

32.1
1*2.3
73.0

281.8
69.2
36.1

125.8

33.6
1*1.8
70.2

283.9
3**.5
69.9
1*0.6
29.3
36.2
25.2
52.8
61.3
29.2

283.3
3l*.8
70.5
1*0.9
29.6
35.8
25.O
52.9
61.1
28.2

38.2
89.8
1*6.1*
1*3.**
2l*. 9
1*8.1
127.8
17.9

327.3
38.6
88.3
1*5.6
k2.J
2i*.8
1*8.2
127.1*
18.2

38.6
1*1.6
76.1*
290.6
39.2
72.3
1+0.7
31.6
36.3
21*. 7
52.3
60.6
29.9

339.9
39.3
96.5
52.8
*3.7
23.9
**9-9
130.3

19.8

38.1
1*0.1*
76.0
291.3
39.9
72.0
1*0.6
3L.1*
35.8
21*. 3
52.7
60.6
30.3

336.0
39.3
93.6
50.0
>*3.6
23.O
50.2
129.9

19.7

Nondurable Goods
20
201
2011
2013
2015
202
2024
2026
203
2031,6
2032,3
2037
204
2041
2042
205
2051
2052
206
207
2071
208
2082
2086
209

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS
1,718.7
Meat products.
331.7
Meat packing plants
Sausages and other prepared meats
Poultry dressing plants
Dairy products
Ice cream and frozen desserts
Fluid milk.:
Canned, cured, and frozen foods
Canned, cured, and frozen sea foods . . . .
Canned food, except sea foods
Frozen fruits and vegetables
Grain mill products
136.5
Flour and other grain mill products
Prepared feeds for animals and fowls . . .
Bakery products
271.0
Bread, cake, and related products
Cookies and crackers
Sugar
Confectionery and related products
79.1
Confectionery products
Beverages.
237.3
Malt liquors
Bottled and canned soft drinks
Misc. foods and kindred products
11*2.6

21
211
212

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES.
Cigarettes....
Cigars

22
221
222
223
224
225
2251
2252
2253
2254

TEXTILE MILL PRODUCTS
Weaving mills, cotton
Weaving mills, synthetics
Weaving and finishing mills, wool . .
Narrow fabric mills
Knitting mills
Women's hosiery, except socks . .
Hosiery, n e e
Knit outerwear mills
Knit underwear mills.

71.3

965.3
221.8
97.2
1*2.8

Si

1,731.0
333.5
182.3
58.1*
92.8
2l*2.5
2l*.l
172.6
21*3.2

1*0.5
112.0
60.2
137.3
31.8
61*. 8
273.0
227.1*

1*5.6
39.7
83.1*

67.6
236.O
60.0
128.5
11*2.1*
73.7
1*1.2
18.5
963.5
222.8
98.2
1*3.0
30.8

236.0
63.I
36.9
66.1
32.2

1 1,710.8 1,706.7
*
326.7
329.3
182.5
181*.7
58.
57.**
57.8
86.8
86.8
93.
253.0
250.0
2l*2.
27.5
26.6
23.
178.1*
177.1*
172.
239.9
236.5
21*0.
1*1.6
38.2
1*1.
no.6
112.5
no.
57.5
5l*.7
57132.2
132.7
138,
30.6
30.9
32.
61.3
61.1*
65«
272. k
273.8
27*.
229.9
230.3
228,
1*2.5
1*3.5
ke.
33.3
31.0
80.6
82.0
85.
65.3
66.8
69.
230.1
228.7
232.
59.6
59«
59.5
127.0
127.
125.1*
11*2.6
11*3.
11*2.7
71.6
75.6
76.5
39.1
1*1.1*
1*0.1*
19.8
19.8
18.7

1,738.

II:

966.2
223.6
99^
1*2.5
30.9
23**.l
63.I*
36.6
64.3
32.5

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




988.1*
226.1
101.6
1*5.5
31.9
2l*6.1
65.7
37.6
71.8
31*. 3

992.1
228.5
102.1
1*5.3
31.7
21*6.5
65.6
37.9
72.3
i

1,139.0
267.0

97.1

1,151.5
269.I
11*2.8
1*2.1
81*.2
lH*.6
12.3
67.O
199.0
35.2
86.1

53.9
97.3
23.1*

158.8

63.5
120.1

92.1
58.1

81*7.7
201.5
85.9
36.8
27.2
208.7

1,156.2 .,125.5
270.2
260.9
11*1.1*
11*2.6
>*1.3
1*2.1*
78.2
85.2
119.1
113.7
ll*.2
11.9
66.k
68.1
195.7 195.9
36.6
36.O
85.5
85.I
50.7
50.5
93.1
98.O
22.2
23.7
1*0.2
l*3.V
162.0 158.0
123.6 123.5
3*. 5
38.1*
25.0
37.*
69.9
65.3
58.1
5l*.l
116.3 2I6.2
39.8
38.7
1*7.8
1*6.1*
92.0

*3.1
160.8
123.1*
37.1*
31.3
68.1
56.3
119.5
39.6
1*7.3
93.0
91.8 ' 63.*
32.7
60.5
17.0
33.2
16.8
8I+9.O
81*5.6
202.1*
203.3
86.8
87.9
36.8
36.1*
27.2
27.3
205.1
206.5
57.1
56.9
32.9
32.7
56.1
5*.6
28.6
28.8

59.2
31.5

18.3
872.I*
205.7
90.8
39.0
28.1*

217.2
59.7
30.3

.,126.7
263.9
11*3.6
1*1.8
78.5
117.6
13.9
67.9
192.1*
33.1*
87.2
1*7.7
93.6
22.3
I+0.3
159.1+
123.8
35.6
2l*.l
67.1
55.9
115.8
1*0.0
1*6.8
92.8
62.9
33.7
18.3
876.3
207.9
91.5
38.9
28.3
217.6
59.7
3**.i
62.1
30.3

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
EMPLOYMENT
B-2: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry-Continued
(In thousands)
All employees

SIC
Code

Industry

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Production workers 1

p
1969

Mar.
1969

p
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

Nondurable Goods-Continued
TEXTILE MILL PRODUCTS-Continued

84.3

Textile finishing, except wool
Floor covering mills
Yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods

226
227
228
229

122.2
(*)

23
231
232
2321
2327
2328
233
2331
2335
2337
2339
234
2341
2342
235
236
2361
237,8
239
2391,2

APPAREL AND OTHER TEXTILE PRODUCTS.
Men's and boys' suits and coats. . . . . . .
Men's and boys' furnishings
.
Men's and boys' shirts and night wear . .
Men's and boys' separate trousers . . . .
Men's and boys' work clothing. . . . . . .
Women's and misses' outerwear
Women's and misses'blouses and waists
Women's and misses' dresses
Women's and misses' suits and coats . .
Women's and misses' outerwear, n e e .
Women's and children's undergarments . .
Women's and children's underwear . . . .
Corsets and allied garments . . . . . . . .
Hats, caps, and millinery
Children's outerwear
.
Children's dresses and blouses
Fur goods and miscellaneous apparel . . .
Misc. fabricated textile products . . . . . .
Housefurnishings

26

261,2,6
263
264
2643
265
2651,2
2653
2654

PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
Paper and pulp mills
...
Paperboard mills
Misc. converted paper products
Bags, except textile bags
Paperboard containers and boxes . . .
Folding and setup paperboard boxes
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes . .
Sanitary food containers

27
271
272
273
275
2751
2752
278
274,6,7,9
28
281
2812
2818
2819
282
2821
2823,4

85.4
52. 1
121.8
73.4

85.7
53.3
121.7
75.0

83. 3
52.9
121.3

79.7

83.2
53.2
121.6
80.0

71.5
112.7
(*)

553.9

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING
Newspapers
Periodicals
....
Books. . . . . .
Commercial printing .
Commercial printing, ex. lithographic .
Commercial printing, lithographic. . . .
Blankbooks and bookbinding .
Other publishing & printing ind
,

1, 102. 8 1, 102.9 1, 102.6 1,077. 3 1,077.0
369. 2
368.5
369.3
362.8
362.9
79.0
78.8
77.6
77.8

1,048. 1 1,049.4
317.2
316.6
25.4
126.0
98.1
222.9
221.8
98. 1
111.5
148.0
149.0
116. 3
124. 3
123.5

285
287
2871,2
286,9
2892

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS.
Industrial chemicals
..
Alkalies and chlorine
Industrial organic chemicals, n e e .
Industrial inorganic chemicals, n e e
Plastics materials and synthetics. . . .
Plastics materials and resins . . . . .
Synthetic fibers
Drugs
Pharmaceutical preparations . . . . . .
Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods . . . .
Soap and other detergents
Toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Agricultural chemicals. . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizers, complete & mixing only .
Other chemical products. .
.
Explosives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29
291
295,9

PETROLEUM AND COAL PRODUCTS
Petroleum refining. .
. . .•
Other petroleum and coal products . . . . . .

283
2834
284
2841
2844

.
.
.

717. 1
224.8
74.0
189.6

228.7

717.9
225.2
74. 1
189. 3
43.6
229. 3
71.9
104.6
32.8

718. 3
225. 3
73.7
188. 5
43.4
230.8
72. 2
105.9
33.0

354.6

98.9
354.4

98.8
352.8

58.6
142.8

216.9
125.2
59.1
143.0

216.9
123.7

69.7
(*)
106.4
190. 5
153.7
(*)

39.6
52.6
69.7
60. 1
42.5

59.9
143.0
1,048.7
316.8
25.5
125.2

98.5
225.2
98.2
113.7

147.6
116.0
123.9

39.6
52.4
69.5
56.9

703. 5
216.5
73.2
185. 1
42.8
228.7
70.6
104.9

32.9

95.9
343.8
211.0
120.5
57.6
139. 3
1,046.9
311.6
25.8
123.0

95.9
222. 3
96.7
112.6
140.4
109. 3
120.8

39.6
50.8
70.4

107. 2
36. 7

108.8

37.6

61.3
44.4
120. 1
47.5

190. 4
153.9
36.5

189. 3
153.8
35. 5

187.8
151.1
36.7

39.7

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




72.6
42.6

70.7
42.6

112.4
61.5

112.2
65.8

70.5
42.9
112.6
66. 1

1,383.4 1,406.9 1,408.8 1,411.2 1,426.5 1,212. 1 1,234.4 ,237.9 1,239.2 1,,256.1
136.8
133.2
115. 2
119.7
120.2
132.5
116.6
136.9
133.8
115.9
381. 2
380.6
338. 2
372. 0
330. 5
328.6
334. 1
337.2
370. 1
376.9
125.6
119.4
112.2
111.2
107.2
106.4
119.0
124.4
80.2
81. 9
72. 3
74.6
82.0
79.6
72.9
74.9
88.4
75.2
85.8
85.2
74.2
87.2
76.0
73.8
440. 3
395. 4 378.6
421.0
441. 3
427.2
392.7
443.2
37 3. 1
392.2
54.3
51. 3
53.2
51. 3
45.7
45.7
47.9
49. 1
210.8
207.8
210.3
209.7
188.7
190.0
187.8
189.6
84.1
90.5
76.6
73.7
80.2
66.7
88.9
78.9
92.1
91.7
89.6
79.5
77.5
89.8
79.9
78.0
117.8
119.2
119.7
103.6
126.4
110. 1
101.7
126.6
103.0
110.6
83.6
83.4
86.0
73.4
76.1
85.9
76.2
73.3
36.3
35.6
40.4
30.2
34.0
40.7
34.4
29.7
19.3
19.6
19.6
17.7
17.5
22. 3
20.0
17.5
78.6
80. 1
79.0
71.5
70. 0
80. 3
71.5
(*)
(*)
69. 9
34. 1
34.0
35.0
34.4
31.2
31.2
31.6
30.8
72.0
76.7
71.7
76. 1
60. 9
65.5
66.4
61.3
163.3
162.7
173.3
163.8
174. 1
138. 1
147. 3
146. 6
137.7
136.9
61. 3
63.3
61.7
63.4
52.8
54.4
54.2
52.4
707. 3
219.8
73.7
184.8
43. 1
229.0
70.6
105. 3
32.7

.

72.4
41.2
112.3
59.9

95.6
344. 2
211.3

120.7

56.8

140.0
,043. 2
312.1
25.8
123.5
95.9
221.6
96.0
112.5
140. 1
109.4
119.9

39.5
50.2
70.3
58.7
42.2
120.5

554.2
174.0
59.3
137.7
35.2
183.2
59.5
80.5
26.5

554.7
174. 1
59.0
136.9
35. 1
184. 7
59.8
81.8
26.8

544. 1
167.7
57. 7
135. 1
34.8
183.6

680.8
179.4

682.6

682.0

179.8
27.4
55.8

273.6

273.9

672.4
178.2
27. 7
54.3
267.8
166. 1

48.0
97.3

169.1
95.5
48.8
96.9

179.8
27.3
55.4
272.7
169.2

174.0

59.4

137.7
182.8

607.4
173.5

144. 1

73.6
69.9
38.8
68.0

47.9
183.9
148.7
35.2

116.5
90. 1
(*)

58.6

81. 1

26.8

548.0
171.5
58.2
134. 3
34.7
184.0
58.7
81.5
26.7
673.0
178.2
27.7
54. 1

268.5

166.5

94.4
49. 3
97.5

92.1
47.6
96.8

97.4

609. 3
174.0
18. 1
55.2
56.8
145,0
59.5
76.6
73.5
57. 1
71.0
25.4
30.4
38.8
38. 3
29.4
68.7
26.9

607.4
173. 3
17.6
55.2
56.9
146.4
59.4
78.2
73.0
56.8
70.9
25.4
30.4
38.5
35.5
26.9
69.8
27. 3

622.7
172.2
17.9
55. 1
55.9
147.4

40.6
31.9
80.8
36.7

620. 2
172.4
17.9
55.4
55.8
147.0
59.5
79.1
71.8
54.9
71. 3
26.0
30.7
38.5
37.9
29.6
81. 3
37.0

116.3
90.6
25.7

115.5
90.6
24.9

116.4
90.5
25.9

112.4
87.8
24.6

60.0
79.0
71.7
54.6
71.5

25.9
30.9
38.5

92.5
47. 1

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
EMPLOYMENT
B-2:

Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry-Continued
(In thousands)

SIC
Code

Industry

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

All employees
Feb.
1970

Production workers'
Apr.
1969

war.
1969

Apr.
1970

jraar.

1970

1970

Apr.
1969

1969

441.9
82.8
136.3
20.2
222.8
283.6
23.4
191.0
69.2
15.3
29.8

443.1
83.4
136.9
20.1
222.8

445.8
81.2
145.6
22.2
219.0

446.2
80.6
145.6
22.2
220.0

286.1
23.5
192.9
69.7
15.5
30.2

294.7
25.4
197.3
72.0
17.1
29.6

299.6
25.5
200.0
74.1
16.7
32.0

75.3

75.4

76.6

75.3

"38.2

38.0

971.0
898.9
72.1

966.7
893.6
73.1

959.6
889.8
69.8

954.9
885.4
69.5

18.5
334.4
232.7
101.7

14.3

14.:

14.9

15.1

1,111.9 1,103.9 1,040.5 1,031.3
919.0
857.3
926.7
864.4
31.6
32.4
31.4
32.5
126.4
135.8
135.6
128.2
652.8
666.8
665.5
653.9
269.6
277.8
277.2
270.3
156.8
157.0
156.9
156.4
183.2
180.8
183.5
180.9
48.2
46.4
48
45.5

874.4
738.9
21.5
107.5
573.0
236.6
133.8
160.2
42.4

867.6
731.9
21.6
107.8

815.1
686.1
32.4
101.1

809.4
680.0
22.4
101.5

571.8
236.1
133
160.0
42.2

56O.6
230.6
133.3
155.9
40.8

561.2
230.1
133.7
157.3
40.1

Nondurable Goods—Continued
30
301
302,3,6
302
307

RUBBER

31
311
314
312,3,5-7,9
316
317

570.2

LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS . . .
Leather tanning and finishing . . . . . . . . .

AND PLASTICS PRODUCTS,

Tires and inner tubes
Other rubber products
Rubber footwear
. ..
Miscellaneous plastics products

NEC

120.8
(*)
.......

Footwear, except rubber. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other leather products
Luggage
Handbags and personal leather goods . . . .

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC
UTILITIES.

278.5

220.9
83.1

k,kkl

40
4011

RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION.
Class I railroads

41
411
412
413

LOCAL AND INTERURBAN PASSENGER
TRANSIT.
Local and suburban transportation
Taxicabs
Intercity highway transportation

42
421,3
422
45
451,2

COMMUNICATION
Telephone communication.
Telegraph communication^
Radio and television broadcasting

49
491
492
493
494-7

ELECTRIC, GAS, AND SANITARY SERVICES
Electric companies and systems
Gas companies and systems
Combination companies and systems
Water, steam, & sanitary systems
.

50
501
502
503
504
506
507
508
509

575.7
II6.2
185.2
26.1
274.3

575.8
115.7
185.5
26.1
274.6

436.3
83.9
(*)

332.5
27.2
220.1
85.2
19.7
35.3

334.6
27.2
221.9
85.5
19.8
35.8

343.8
29.5
226.3
88.0
21.3
35.4

348.5
29.6
229.2
89.7
20.8
37.6

283.4
(*)
191.7
67.3

4,457

, . .

.

637.8
565.3

294.7
80.0
114.4
41.7

283.6
8O.7
109.6
41.8

285.7
79.6
111.4
41.5

17.9
322.2
215.9
IO6.3

.
......

RETAIL TRADE.
RETAIL GENERAL MERCHANDISE
Department stores.
Mail order houses
Variety stores

54
541-3

FOOD STORES
Grocery, meat, and vegetable stores . . . . .

1,070.7 1,062.2 1,056.1
976.2
981.2
81.0
79.9
347.2
347.0
328.9
313.8
313.4
295.8
17.9
318.8
212.8
106.0

18.4
352.0
250.3
101.7

12,968 12,804 12,610
3,088
3,097
3,215
3,220
246.7
247.2
261.4
190.1
190.0
196.2
H6.5
118.6
U7.1
Il.
458.9
457.8
474.4
477.^
250.1
248.8
27I.I
268.2
141.4
141.7
146.4
146.6
618.
615.3
645.7
648.1
1,043.3 1,038.6 1,011.; 1,006.1

14,778
3,832

1^,698 14,608 14,398 14,201 13,123
3,826
3,688
3,678
3,832
3,217
297.7
314.9
298.7
317.6
229.6
229.6
241.3
239.7
147.0
146.6
151.2
150.9
526.0
527.1
543.1
547.1
299.9
301.6
320.5
318.1
167.5
167.8
172.8
173.0
726,1
728.6
760,8
757.7
1,250.8 1,245.9 1,201.3 1,205.4

.3,P57

10,946

10,866 10,782
2,276.1 2,267.9
1,494.0 1,489.3
122.4
124.6
329.7
325.7
1,748.8 1,735.6
1,573.1 1,561.4

9,837
9,753 , 9,707
•2,085.1 2,074.0 2,009.3
1,371.1 1,364.7 1,317.5
113.9
no.8
300.0
303.5
297.0
1,626.7 1,615.: 1,560.8
1,462.5 1,452.2 1,405.3

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




220.1

4,346

645.5
570.2

991.0
83.6
346.6
312.3

52-59
53
531
532
533

4,403

620.6
555.0

1,07k.6

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
WHOLESALE TRADE
Motor vehicles & automotive equipment . . .
Drugs, chemicals, and allied products. . . .
Dry goods and apparel
Groceries and related products
Electrical goods
Hardware; plumbing & heating equipment. . .
Machinery, equipment, and supplies
Miscellaneous wholesalers

4,439

294.4
79.7
n4.i
41.7

PIPE LINE TRANSPORTATION. ...
OTHER TRANSPORTATION AND SERVICES!
WATER TRANSPORTATION
TRANSPORTATION SERVICES

481
482
483

575.6
119.7
175.6
23.7
280.3

623.O
557.2

TRUCKING AND WAREHOUSING.
Trucking and trucking terminals
Public warehousing
TRANSPORTATION BY AIR
Air transportation

46
44,47
44
47

574.8
119.3
175.1
23.7
280.lt

9,906
10,710 10,523
2,192.8 2,158.5
1,435.4 1,416.8
120.2
119.3
310.9
321.5
1,675.9 1,686.5
1,507.4 1,517.2

9,522
1,975.3
1,298.0
•111.8
287.6
1,572.5
1,416.4

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
EMPLOYMENT
B-2:

Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued
(In thousands)
All employees

SIC
Code

Industry

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Production workers 1

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
(Continued)
56
561
562
565
566

APP.AREL AND ACCESSORY STORES. . .
Men's & boys' clothing & furnishings* . . . .
Women's ready-to-wear stores . . . . . . . . .
Family clothing stores
Shoe stores
•

687.8
125.4
255.4
102.4
131.1

679.8
128.1
249.5
102.3
127.9

696.5
119.8
259.2
IO6.5
138.9

688.2
118.5
255-7
106.0
137.2

57
571
58
52,55,59
52
55
551,2
553,9
554
59
591
594
596
598

FURNITURE AND HOME FURNISHINGS STORES
Furniture and home furnishings. . . . . . . . .
EATING AND DRINKING PLACES
OTHER RETAIL TRADE
Building materials and farm equipment . .
Automotive dealers & service stations . .
Motor vehicle dealers
Other automotive & accessory dealers. .
Gasoline service stations
Miscellaneous retail s t o r e s . . . . . . . . . .
Drug stores and proprietary stores . . . .
Book and stationery stores
Farm and garden supply stores
Fuel and ice dealers

438.1
281.3
2,386.5
3,328.7
534.7
1,583.0
767.4
222.9
592.7
1,211.Q
428.3
63.7
114.0
114.5

440.6
282.3
2,326.2
2,331.9
528.9
1,591.5
771.7
219.7
600.1
1,211.5
428.5
65.I
110.5
117.9

438.3
280.6
2,415.1
3,291.4
537.5
1,579.5
768.5
218.2
592.8
1,174.4
428.4
6O.5
112.4
107.1

438.8
280.4
2,286.7
3,264.3
528.2
1,566.6
767.1
212.4
587.1
1,169.5
428.8
61.0
108.7
114.4

380.8
384.4
384.6
383.9
244.4
242.9
245.1
244.6
2,229.0 2,172.3 2,259.6 2,135.7
2,897.3 2,896.5 2,869.1 2,837.3
456.4
450.0
459.8
450.6
648.4
651.8
650.I
652.5
187.4
I81.9
I88.5
191.5

3,639

3,617

3,517

3,490

2,875

FINANCE. INSURANCE, AND REAL
ESTATE4......
60
61
612
614
62
63
631
632
633
64
65
655
656
66,67

Banking • .
•
Credit agencies other than banks
Savings and loan associations. . *
Personal credit institutions
Security, commodity brokers & services. . • •
Insurance carriers
Life insurance
Accident and health insurance.. « Fire, marine, and casualty insurance
Insurance agents, brokers, and service
Real estate
...
Subdividers and developers.
Operative builders.
Other finance, insurance, & real estate
SERVICES

70
701
72
721
722
73
731
732
734
76
78
781
782,3

81
82
821
822
89
891
892

3,667

Hotels and other lodging places
. .
Hotels, tourist courts, and motels . . . . . .
Personal services. . •
•
••
Laundries and dry cleaning plants
Photographic studios.
Miscellaneous business services
•
Advertising
Credit reporting and collection . . . . . . . .
Services to buildings
*
Miscellaneous repair services
Motion pictures
Motion picture filming & distributing
Motion picture theaters and services. . . . .
Medical and other health services. . . . . . . .
Hospitals
Legal services
Educational services
Elementary and secondary schools . . . . . .
Colleges and universities. .
Miscellaneous services
Engineering & architectural services . . . .
Nonprofit research agencies

LI, 439

1,027.4 1,021.5
959.6
952.9
370.6
356.1
368.9
355.9
107.4
103.0
106.8
102.3
190.3
195.2
190.8
195.7
217.1
205.1
216.3
204.9
1,047.8 1,010.7 1,006.2
1,053.7
522.4
525.2
540.7
543.4
91.5
85.I
85.3
92.3
354.9
370.7
373.0
353.6
266.2
277.4
280.4
264.5
616.1
627.I
622.0
615.0
81.0
73.2
75.5
74.6
44.5
40.2
40.2
43.1
79.8
79.9
80.4
79.6
.1,296
-1,232 LL,O44 L0,913

724.2
701.0
637.7
1,004.0 1,006.5
511.9
42.7
1,498.4
119.4
74.1
270.9
184.8
185.4
38.1
147.3
3,016,9
3,006.7
1,848.1
1,183.1
228.4
1,187.1
398.6
692.8
636.4
297.2
92.7

697.3
633.5
1,003.2
512.0
42.1
1,498.1
118.8
73.7
269.4
186.0
I87.I
42.8
144.3
2,986.2
1,837.7
227.4
1,187.0
397.9
691.9
639.2
299.0
93.7

See footnotes at end of cable. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months ace preliminary.




714.6
653.6
1,025.4
534.9
40.3
1,460.5
117.7
73.0
255.7
182.7
203.6
47.5
156.1
.2,804.3
1,741.3
213.6
1,159.8
388.7
671.8
601.8
296.1
94.2

691.7
632.9
1,016.6
528.8
41.2
1,450.3
H7.9
72.6
250.5
181.5
197.6
47.7
149.9
2,789.5
1,736.1
213.7
1,164.7
390.7
675.0
600.6
293.7
94.4

617.9
112.2
229.8
95.5
115.3

610.0
114.8
223.8
95.5
112.3

624.7
107.0
233.4
98.9
121.7

617.O
105.5
230.0
98.8
120.4

382.3
55.1

381.6
J56.4

384.5
52.2

384.7
j>2.6

99.2

102.3

93.1

99.7

846.1
289.5
85.4
175.0
741.5
322.5
79.2
302.3

2,859
842.5
287.8
84.9
175.6
738.1
321.1
78.4
301.2

2,792

2,773

794.2
279.0
82.1

789.7
278.4
81.4

191.8
705.7
308.1

191.7
704.1
307.4
73.2
285.6

588.6

584.9

608.0

587.2

465.1
36.6

465.O
36.0

485.0
35.4

481.1
36.0

25.6

26.9

30.4

30.3

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
EMPLOYMENT
B-2:

Employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry--Continued
(In thousands)

SIC
Code

Industry

Apr.
1970

5

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT .
Executive.
Department of Defense
Post Office Department
Other agencies
Legislative.
Judicial
92,93

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

12,800

GOVERNMENT

92

Production workers*

All employees

12,728

12,624

12,274

2,845

2,758

2,694

2,747

2,737

9,955

2,721.7 2,658.3 2,712.0 2,701.9
1,057.3 1,069.1 1,128.2 1,129.0
720.9
713.9
724.8
718.5
862.9
950.5
854.4
864.4
28.4
29.2
28.4
29.1
6.6
6.6
6.8
6.8 9,527
9,542
9,970

..

. .

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
State government
State education
Other State government
Local government
Local education
Other local government

Mar.
1969

12,279

,
.

2,687.8 9,930
1,159.1 2,659.1
1,528.7 1, l4l.4
1,517.7
7,282.6 7,271.2
4,183-5 4,173.4
3,099.1 3,097.8

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

2,546.0 2,548.7
1,079.4 1,082.0
1,466.6 1,466.7
6,980.8 6,993.0
4,008.7 4,027.3
2,972.1 2,965.7

'Data relate to production workers in mining and manufacturing: to construction workers in contract construction: and to nonsupervisory workers in wholesale and retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; transportation and public utilities; and services. Transportation and public utilities, and services are included in Total Private but are not shown separately in
this table.
Beginning January 1965, data relate to railroads with operating revenues of $5,000,000 or more.
*Data for nonsupervisory workers exclude messengers.
T)ata for nonoffice salesmen excluded from nonsupervisory count for all series in this division.
'prepared by the U.S. Civil Service Commission. Data relate to civilian employment only and exclude Central Intelligence and National Security Agencies.
•Not available.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
WOMEN EMPLOYEES
B-3: Women employees on nonogricultural payrolls, by industry

January 1970
sic
Code

Industry

TOTAL
PRIVATE SECTOR
MINING . .

10
11,12
13
131,2
138

METAL MINING
COAL MINING
OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION

14
142
144

NONMETALLIC MINERALS, EXCEPT FUELS . .

Crude petroleum and natural gas fields . . .
Oil and gas field services

Crushed and broken stone
Sand and gravel
CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION
GENERAL BUILDING CONTRACTORS ......

Number
(in
thousands)

25,825
20,462
38
2.9
2.3

I8i6

6

8.4

5.1
1.9
1.4

5
5
4

5.4

167

^3.6

17
171
172
173
174
176

SPECIAL TRADE CONTRACTORS

92.0
28.0

DURABLE GOODS
NONDURABLE GOODS

2
10

13

31.3
10.4
20.9

MANUFACTURING

38
2.9
2.3

8.6

HEAVY CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTORS
Highway and street construction
Heavy construction, n e e

19,24,25,32-39
20-23,26-31

26,116
20,829

37
36
6
3

27.2
18.6

16
161
162

Plumbing, heating, air c o n d i t i o n i n g . . . . . .
Painting, paper hanging, decorating . . . . .
Electrical work
Masonry, stonework, and plastering
Roofing and sheet metal work
,

October 1969
Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

7.0

lk.6

8.3
7-3
5,544
2,380
3,164

27.0

1.9
1.7

5

163

Percent
of total
employment

37
35
6
3

January 1969
Number
(in
thousands)

24,885
19,703
36
2.7

Percent
of total
employment

36
35
6
3

2.1

2

9

13

13

6

26.4
I8.7
7.7

4
4
4

5.2
1.8
1.6

5
5
5

2
10

k

156

6

5

41.3

4

41.7

k

5
5
5

30.9
10.7

4
3
4

26.8

5
5
5

6
7
7
5
k
7

90.3
27.1
7.6
14.2
7.9

5
7
6
5
3
6

5

28
21

39

20.2

•

7.2
5,802

2,518
3,284

9.5

17.3
87.5
26.9
6.4
14.0
8.3
6.8

6
7
6
5
k
6

29

5,523

28

21

2,396
3,127

20

39

39

Durable Goods

19
192
1925
1929

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES

Ammunition, except for small arms
Complete guided missiles
Ammunition, ezc. for small arms, n e e . . .

24
241
242
2421
243
2431
2432
244
2441,2
249

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS
Logging camps, & logging contractors . . . . .
Sawmills and planing mills
Sawmills and planing mills, general . . . .
Mill work, plywood & related products
Millwork
Veneer and plywood
Wooden containers
Wooden boxes, shook, and crates
Miscellaneous wood products

25
251
2511
2512
2515
252
254
253,9

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES

32
321
322
3221
3229
324
325
3251
326
327
328,9
3291

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS

Household furniture
Wood household furniture.
Upholstered household furniture
Mattresses and bedsprings
Office furniture
Partitions and fixtures
Other furniture and fixtures

Flat glass
Glass and glassware, pressed or blown . . . .
Glass containers.
Pressed and blown glass n e e
Cement, hydraulic
Structural clay products
Brick and structural clay tile
Pottery and related products
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products. . . .
Other stone and nonmetallic mineral products
Abrasive products




80.1

33.8

26
27
18
39

62.1
24.5
37.6

26
27
19
39

92.0
72.2
28.3
43.9

26
27
19
39

61.3

11

62.7

11

5
6
5

3.6

4
6
5

6O.3'
3.5
12.4

10

3.9

18.9
9.9
7.7

11

74.8
57.2
23.i1-

13.3
9.3

17.8
9.1
7.3
6.8
5.6

19.5
117.6
89.7
40.3
26.7
11.3
6.6
6.0

15.3
107.2
1.7

42.3
26.5
15.8

13.7
9.6

I8.5

12

9.7

14

19

7.7

11

6.9
5.6

19

20.0

23

18.7

22

124.3
95.3
45.4

25
27
25
30
30
16

24
25
23
29
28
16

21
22

24
27
23
30
29
16

20

14
10

18
19

11

6.6
6.3

30

16.1

30

17

112.5

17

IO5.2

16

1.7

6
34
37

1.7

6
33
36

7
33
36

27.5
11.9

45.2
27.9
17.3

12

30

29
k
12

7.4

12

5
33
6
15

1.5

5
33
6
15

11.0
20.6
5.7

6.8
5^

114.9
88.5
41.7
26.2
10.6
5.9
5.7
14.8

6.9

14.8

5
5
5

11
13
10

1.4

1.4

8.8

21

1.4

15.3

n.o

21.2
5.8

k

21

11

28

42.6
25.7
16.9

29

1.3
7.2

11

1.2

k

14.3
10.1

19.9
5.7

4
32
6
15
21

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
WOMEN EMPLOYEES
B-3: Women employees on nonagriculturoi payrolls, by industry—Continued

January 1970
sic

Industry

Code

Number
(in
thousands)

October 1969

Percent
of total
employment

Number
(in
thousands)

January 1969

Percent
of total
employment

Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

7
5
4
5
4
5
7
4
3

91.8
27.5
20.6
11.2
5.8

7
4
4
5
4
5
7
5
3
15
8
9

Durable Goods—Continued
33

331
3312
332
3321
3322
3323
333,4
3334
335
3351
3352
3357
335
336I
3362,9
339
3391
34

341
342
3421,3,5
3429
343
3431,2
3433
344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446,9
345
3451
3452
346
347
348
349
3494,8
35

351
3511
3519
352
353
3531,2
3533
3535,6
3537
354
3541
3544
35J5
3542,8
355
3551
3552
3555
356
3561
3562
3564
3566
357
3573
358
3585
359

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES

Blast furnace and basic steel products .
Blast furnaces and steel mills
Iron and steel foundries
Gray iron foundries
Malleable iron foundries
Steel foundries
Nonferrous metals
Primary aluminum. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonferrous rolling and drawing ,
Copper rolling and drawing
Aluminum rolling and drawing
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating
Nonferrous foundries
Aluminum castings
,
Other nonferrous castings
Miscellaneous primary metal products. .
Iron and steel forgings.
FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS . . . .

Metal cans
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware . . . .
Cutlery and hand tools, incl. saws . .
Hardware, n e e .
Plumbing and heating, except electric .
Sanitary ware & plumbers' brass goods
Heating equipment, except electric. ...
Fabricated structural metal products . .
Fabricated structural steel
Metal doors, sash, and trim .
Fabricated plate work (boiler shops) .
Sheet metal work
Architectural and misc. metal work . .
Screw machine products, bolts, etc. . . .
Screw machine products.
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers . . . .
Metal stampings
Metal services, n e e
Misc. fabricated wire products
Misc. fabricated metal products
Valves, pipe, and pipe fittings . . . . .
MACHINERY, EXCEPT ELECTRICAL. .

Engines and turbines
Steam engines and turbines
Internal combustion engines, n e e . .
Farm machinery
Construction and related machinery . . .
Construction and mining machinery . .
Oil field machinery
Conveyors, hoists, cranes, monorails .
Industrial trucks and tractors . . . . . .
Metal working machinery
Machine tools, metal cutting types . .
Special dies, tools, jigs & fixtures . .
Machine tool accessories. . . . . . . . .
Misc. metal working machinery
Special industry machinery
Food produces machinery
Textile machinery
Printing trades machinery
General industrial machinery • . . . . . .
Pumps and compressors
Ball and roller bearings
Blowers and fans
Power transmission equipment
Office and computing machines . . . . . .
Electronic computing equipment . . . ,
Service industry machines
.
Refrigeration machinery.
Misc. machinery, except electrical . . .




96.3
29.1
22.1
12.il6.6
1.2
k.6
3.8
.8

33.2
3.6

6.6
19.1
12.3
5.0

7.3
5.5
3.0

7
5
4
5
4
5
7
4
3

94.6
29.5
22.3
12.2
6.6
1.2

4.4
3.9
.8
30.8
3.5
6.9

14
8
10
21
14
10
18

15
8
10
25
14
11
17

16.6

7
6

3.1

6

279.1
11.1
57.7
19.0
38.7
13.9

19
16
33
27
38
16
19
14
10

12.6
4.8
7.8
5.6

7

270.0
11.3
56.1
19.1
37.0
13.5
6.8
6.7
42.3
5.9
13.9
7.9
10.1
4.5
25.8
12.8
13.0
52.8
19.8
17.8
30.6
17.1

19
17
33
27

22
24
20
21
20
25
19
17

25.4
12.5
12.9
56.6
20.7
18.1
31.6
17.1

22
24
20
22
21
26
20
18

302.7
16.1
4.4
11.7
13.7
27.4
12.2
4.4
U-9
3.3
39.8
7.6

15
16
17
16
10
9
8

301.7
16.2
4.5
11.7
13.3
26.7
12.0
4.3
4.9

15
14
11
16
11

3.2

9

40.2
7.6
9.3
11.8
11.5
24.5
5.3
5.5
4.4
46.4
10.1

12
10

9.1

11.2
11.6
24.1
5.4
5.3
4.2

45.9
9.6
14.1
6.4
7.1

74.5
46.7
23.8
13.6
37.4

37

16
18
14
10

7.1
6.8

5

44.0
5.9

21

15.7

22

8.0

7

10.1

12

7
13

9

9

11

9
11
10

7
19
15
12
12
13
13
16
13
23
20
13
28
28
17
15
15

^.3

14.5
5.9
7.2

72.8
46.6
24.0
14.2
37.6

5

8

9
8
9

11

7
19
15
12
12
13
14
16
13
24
19
13
28
28
17
15
15

1.2
4.2
3.9
.8

30.9
3.5
6.4

17.6
12.6
4.9
7.7
5.7
3.1

23
14
10
17

7
6

263.4
11.0
57.1
16.9
40.2
13.2
6.5
6.7
40.2
5.7
13.7
7.6
9.3
3.9
24.1
12.1
12.0
52.1
18.7
17.5
29.5
16.1

18
17

291.1
15.9

15
14
11
16
10

4.2

11.7
13.5
26.1
12.4
3.8
4.6

33
25
39
16
17
15
10

5
20

7
12

8

21
23
19
20
20
25
19
17

9
8
9

11

3.0

9

38.5
7.4
8.9
11.4
10.8
23.1

11

5.1
5.2
4.0
46.1

10.2
14.4

5.8
7.5
70.3
^3.9
23.I
13.1
34.5

9
7

19
14
12
12
12
13
16
13
24
18
14
28
28
17
15
15

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
WOMEN EMPLOYEES
B-3: Women employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued

January 1970

sic

Number
(in
thousands)

Industry

Code

Percent
of total
employment

Octobex• 1969
Number
(in
thousands)

January 1969

Percent
of total
employment

Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

Durable Goods-' Continued
36
361
3611
3612
3613
362
3621
3622
363
3632
3633
3634
364
3641
3642
3643,4
365
366
3661
3662
367
3671-3
3674,9
369
3694
37
371
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
372
3721
3722
3723,9
373
3731
3732
374
375,9
38
381
382

3821
3822
383,5
385
384
386
387

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES .
Electrical test & distributing equipment • » . <
Electric measuring instruments
Transformers
. .
Switchgear and switchboard apparatus . . . .
Electrical industrial apparatus
Motors and generators
Industrial controls
Household appliances'.
Household refrigerators and freezers
Household laundry equipment
Electric housewares and fans
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Electric lamps
Lighting fixtures
Wiring devices
Radio and TV receiving equipment
Communication equipment
. .
Telephone and telegraph apparatus
Radio and TV communication equipment . .
Electronic components and accessories
Electron tubes
Other electronic components
Misc. electrical equipment & supplies
Engine electrical equipment
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT

Motor vehicles and equipment
Motor vehicles
Passenger car bodies
Truck and bus bodies
Motor vehicle parts and accessories
Truck trailers
Aircraft and parts .
Aircraft .
.
Aircraft engines and engine parts
Other aircraft parts and equipment
Ship and boat building and repairing
Ship building and repairing
Boat building and repairing
Railroad equipment
Other transportation equipment

787.9
70.7
31.3
14.2
25.2
68.6
35.0
24.2
39.8
8.6
3.5
18.7
86.1
21.3
22.1
42.7
72.4
188.9
73.1
115.8
222.8
30.1
192.7
38.6
21.8
209.0

75.7
24.7

. . . .

2.3
2.6

4o
35
43
28
31

34
34

4o
25
17
16

49
42
63
33
42

53
36
47
31

55
47
57
31
32
11

9
6
4
7

851.5
72.2
32.3
15.4
24.5

77.6

42.4
24.9
48.2
10.4
4.5
23.4
95.4
27.2
22.8
45.4
90.6
190.0

68.8

121.2
236.3
33.1
203.2
41.2
22.3
220.4

79.9
26.3
2.4
2.6

41

33
43
25
29

35
35

40
25
17
16
50

44
66
34
43
57
36
47
32

56
48
58
31
32
11

9

7
4

804.4
66.1
29.2
13.8
23.1
71.9
39.9
22.5

4o

46.3

25

4.0

16
48
42

12.4

20.9

87.8
26.0
21.7

4o.i

91.2
179.8
56.9
122.9
223.6
35.1
188.5
37.7
20.2
220.6
74.1
23.0
2.2

6

2.6

32

43
24
28

33
34
39
20

65

g
57
34
43
32

48
58
30
29

11
8

6
3
7

44.6

12

47.2

12

44.9

12

1.5

5

1.4

5

1.4

15
16
13
14
5

123.8

5
15
16
13
15
5

4

5.6

13

10.7
169.2

14
15
14
15
5

116.1
71.8
26.1
18.2

11.3

4
8
6

13

5.7
3.7
3.7
11.3

170.0

37
25
36
31

173.6
19.4
42.1
21.9
20.2
21.4
15.8
38.2
29.3
23.2

109.9
67.4
24.5
18.0
9.2

5.7
3.5
2.9

INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS

Engineering & scientific instruments
Mechanical measuring & control devices. . .
Mechanical measuring devices
Automatic temperature controls
Optical and ophthalmic goods
Ophthalmic goods
Medical instruments and supplies
Photographic equipment and supplies
Watches, clocks, and watchcases
.

.
,
,
,
.

.

39
391
394
3941-3
3949
395
396
393,8,9
393

MISCELLANEOUS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware . . . . . .
Toys and sporting goods
Games, toys, dolls, & play vehicles
Sporting and athletic goods, n e e
Pens, pencils, office and art supplies
Costume jewelry and notions
Other manufacturing industries
Musical instruments and parts

20
201
2011
2013
2015
202
2024

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS

I8.7
41.3
21.5
19.8
20.9
15.9
39.1
29.4
20.6
182.9
20.8
55.2
31.7
23.5
18.4
32.3
56.2

45
4l

48
50
25
62

43
41
51
56

8.5

45
54
55
33
35

435.8
94.6
25.3
17.3

25
28
14
29

9.4

217.5
21.5
82.0
57.7
24.3
19.1
36.3
58.6
8.5

9
7

37
26

37
32

46
41
48
49
26

63

75.7
27.8
20.3
8.8

3.2
3.2

20.8
40.5
20.5
20.0
20.4
15.1
36.4
28.6
22.5

4
7
6
13
36
25

37
31
46
41
48

49
26

63

I83.O
20.8
55.5
32.3
23.2

43

17.4
32.8
56.5

52

27
29
14
30

421.6
90.7
25.7
17.2

25
27
14
30

55

47.8

47
41

57
64
46
55
57
34
35

8.3

40
51

56
45
54
34

3k

Nondurable Goods
Meat products
Meat packing plants
Sausages and other prepared meats
Poultry dressing plants
Dairy products
Ice cream and frozen desserts




,
,
•. ,
,

52.0
38.9

16

5.2

22

55

499.8
100.0
25.7
17.3
57.0
40.5
5.9

16
23

39.2
5.4

54

16
21

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
WOMEN EMPLOYEES
B-3: Women employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued

January 1970

sic

Industry

Code

(in

1969

1969

Percent
of total
employment

Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

Nondurable Goods—Continued

2026
203
2031,6
2032,3
2037
204

2041
2042
205
2051
2052
206
207
2071
208
2082
2086
209

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS- Continued
Fluid milk
Canned, cured, and frozen foods
Canned, cured, and frozen sea foods. . .
Canned food, except sea foods
Frozen fruits and vegetables
Grain mill products.
Flour and other grain mill p r o d u c t s . . . .
Prepared feeds for animals and fowls . .
Bakery products
Bread, cake, and related products
Cookies and crackers
Sugar
Confectionery and related products
Confectionery products
Beverages
Malt liquors
. .
Bottled and canned soft drinks
Misc. foods and kindred products

21
211
212

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES .

22
221
222
223
224
225
2251
2252
2253
2254
226
227
228
229

TEXTILE MILL PRODUCTS

23
231
232
2321
2327
2328
233
2331
2335
2337
2339
234
2341
2342
235
236
2361
237,8
239
2391,2

APPAREL AND OTHER TEXTILE PRODUCTS . .

26
261,2,6
263
264
2643
265
2651,2
2653
2654

Cigarettes
Cigars

Weaving mills, cotton .
Weaving mills, synthetics
Weaving and finishing mills, wool .
Narrow fabric mills
••.
Knitting mills
Women's hosiery, except socks .
Hosiery, n e e
Knit outerwear mills . .
Knit underwear mills
Textile finishing, except wool. . .
Floor covering mill s .
Yarn and thread mills
<
Miscellaneous textile goods

Men's and boys' suits and coats
Men's and boys' furnishings
Men's and boys' shirts and nightwear . . .
Men's and boys' separate trousers
Men's and boys' work clothing
Women's and misses' outerwear
Women's and misses' blouses and waists.
Women's and misses' dresses
Women's and misses' suits and coats . . .
Women's and misses' outerwear, n e e . . .
Women's and children's undergarments . . . .
Women's and children's underwear
Corsets and allied garments
Hats, caps, and millinery
Children's outerwear
Children's dresses and blouses
Fur goods and miscellaneous apparel
Misc. fabricated textile products
Housefurnishings
PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS




Paper and pulp mills
Paperboard mills
Misc. converted paper products
Bags, except textile bags
Paperboard containers and boxes
Folding and setup paperboard boxes .
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes . . .
Sanitary food containers

23.6

14

99.9
21.6
36.1
30.0
19.4
3.5
8.5
TO. 3
48.0
22.3
3.7
43.1
36.8
29.4
3.9
12.7
36.5

42
58
32
50
14
11
13
26
21
48
8
50
53
13
25

36.O
14.7
13.2
444.9
92.3
37.3
15.7

24.0
148.4
26.2
70.5
33.9
20.1

14

46
60

41
51
15

3.6
8.4

11

67.2
49.6
17.6
5.0
47.5
41.0
33.1

25
21

13
48

23.5
95.6

21.1
38.1
24.9
19.0

3.5
7.9
66.7
46.6
20.1

13
41
59
33
48
14
11

13
24
20

47
7

10

3.3

3.9

52
55
13
6

42.2
36.3
28.0

10
26

37
.

6

12.9
38.0

12.2
36.9

10
26

46
36
70

45.3
14.7
13.9

50

37.4
15.1
14.2

45
36
71

46
41
37
37
59
68
79
73

46
41
37
37
59
69
79
73
73
70
27
35
48
81

I8.7
158.6
50.6
26.8
44.5
23.3
22.6
19.3
58.2
22.2

•71

71
26
35
47
29

454.3
92.8
37.6
15.7
18.6
167.I
51.3
27.5
50.8
23.7
22.4
19.7
57.6
22.8

1,124.7
97.8
314.8
107.3
64.5
72.8
365.9
45.9
176.O
66.4
77.6
103.7
72.3
31.4
13.3
68.0
30.4
53.2
108.0
45.8

81
72
84
87
82
83
85
89
87
76
86
87
88
85
71
87
90
74
65
74

1,150.7
98.3
316.8
IO8.9
65.1
71.6
367.2
45.7
178.1
69.5
73.9
109.1
75.7
33.4
13.7
68.5
30.8
59.5
II7..6
48.9

153.3
24.7
5.8
65.8
14.7
57.0
25.3
15.7
10.7

21
11

37
71

29

450.0
92.9
37.0
16.5
I8.5
166.2
51.5
27.4
49.9
24.4
21.0
18.1
57.2
22.6

51
53
12

46
40

36
37
58
69
78
73
72
72
25

34

47
28
80

66
73

1,120.7
97.5
307.3
104.2
66.5
69.1
354.3
44.9
170.7
65.0
73.7
108.8
73.8
35.0
15.5
68.8
30.7
55.1
113.4
45.8

155.7
24.1

22
11

150.2
24.4

8

21
11

5.7

8
36
34

5.9

25

67.1
14.7
58.8
26.7
15.8
10.8

8
35
33

35
15
33

72
85
88
82

83
85
88
87
76
85
87
87
86
71
87
90

74

25

36
15
33

63.3
14.3
56.6
24.8
15.4
10.8

72
84
88
82

83
84
89
86

74
86
87
87
85
71
87
90

74
65
73

25

35
15
33

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
WOMEN EMPLOYEES
8-3: Women employees on fionagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued

January 1970

sic

Industry

Code

October I969
Number
(in
thousands)

Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

355.7
96.0
37-7
*6.9
95.7
58.6
33.1
31.0
*8.*

32
26
*8
*8
27
27
27
51
3*

356.3
95.1
38.1
*5.8
97.*
60.0
33-*
30.1
*9.8

216.0
3*.*
2.0
16.8
9.5
37.6
9.2
2J k

21
11
8
13
10
17
9

218.5
3*. 2
2.0
16.6
9.5
37.*
9.1
27.3

January 1969

Percent
of total
employment

Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

Nondurable Goods-'Continued
27
271
272
273
275
2751
2752
278
274,6,7,9

281
2812
2818
2819
282
2821
2823,4
283
2834
284

2841
2844
285
287
2871,2
286,9
2892

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING.
Newspapers
Periodicals
Books
Commercial printing
Commercial printing, e x . lithographic .
Commercial printing, lithographic . . .
Blankbooks and bookbinding
Other publishing & printing ind
CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
Industrial chemicals
Alkalies and chlorines. . . . . . . . . .
Industrial organic chemicals, n e e .
Industrial inorganic chemicals, n e e
P l a s t i c s materials and synthetics
P l a s t i c s materials and resins
Synthetic fibers
Drugs.
Pharmaceutical preparations
Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods . . .
Soap and odier detergents
Toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Agricultural c h e m i c a l s . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizers, complete & mixing only
Other chemical products
Explosives

,

•

29
291
295,9

PETROLEUM AND COAL PRODUCTS
Petroleum refining.
Other petroleum and coal products . . ,

30
301
302,3,6
302
307

RUBBER AND PLASTICS PRODUCTS, NEC -

31
311
314
312,3,5-7,9
316
317

LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS.
Leather tanning and finishing .
<
Footwear, except rubber.
.
Other leather products
.. .
Luggage
Handbags and personal leather goods . .

Tires and inner tubes
Other rubber products
Rubber footwear
. . . .
M i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s products .

.
. . ,
. . . . . .

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES. . .

213.*
33.*
2.0
16.5
9.1
37.2
9.2
27.0
55.0
*6.1
*5.7
9.2
27.*
11.2

32
25
*8

*7
27
27
27
50
33

9
9
11

13.2
9.2
*.O

11
10
12

191.0
13.2
62.2
13.2
115.6

33
11
3*

182.*
12.9
62.7

32
11
3*
5*
39

58
1*
63
57
51
68

195.1
3.9
139.*
51.8
11.6
24.6

58
1*
63
58
52

931
31.7
*.8
5.7
*

21
11
6
5
10

931
30.5
5.0
5.2
*

21
11
6
5
10

97.6
86.2

9
9
13

99.0
86.2
12.8

17.7
13.*
*-3

<

21

90.1
37.2
**.7
91.8
55.7
32.1
27-7
*5.9

3.0
25.2
11.7

8,8
28.2
10.9
5.7
3.1
22.7
9.5

2*
ko
*3
38
22
5*
16
10
8
21
2k
9
9
12

*9.0
9.0
30.2
11.1
5.7
3.1
23.7
10.2
17.*
13.3
*

185.9
13.1
6O.3
13.1
112.5

32
11
3*
56
10
*

193.6
3.8
1*1.6
*8.2
10.2

'l
*6.5

..
.

337.*

21
11
8
1*
10
17
10
2*
*0
*2
38
23
56
16
10
8
21
25

kk
.
<
.

32
26
*8
kl
28
28
27
51
35

at

n

8
13
10
17
9
2k
ko
*3
39
22
57
16
11
9
21
2k

5.7

1O6.*8
200.6

*.o
1*5.7
50.9
10.0
25.5
883
28.0
5.1
5.2
*.3
93.8
82.*
11.*

57
13
63
56
*8
67
21
10
6
5
10

41
411
412
413

LOCAL AND INTERURBAN PASSENGER TRANSIT .
Local and suburban transportation
Taxicabs.
Intercity highway transportation

42
421,3
422

TRUCKING AND WAREHOUSING.
Trucking and trucking terminals.
Public warehousing. .

45
451,2

TRANSPORTATION BY AIR
Air transportation
.

86.0

25
27

90.6
87.7

25
27

86.*
83.8

25
27

46
44
47

PIPE LINE TRANSPORTATION
WATER TRANSPORTATION. . .
TRANSPORTATION SERVICES.

1.5
15.*
23.O

7
22

1.5
15.6
23.1

7

22

1.6
17.2
21.0

21

48
481
483

COMMUNICATION

9
5k
2k

539.8
*9*.9
31.*

50
55
23

5O*.9
*62.5
29.1

50
55
23

49
491
492

ELECTRIC, GAS, AND SANITARY SERVICES .
E l e c t r i c companies and s y s t e m s . . . . . . . . . .
G a s c o m p a n i e s and s y s t e m s . . . .

15
15
17

100.2
*1.3
26.9

15
15
17

99.*
*0.6
26.3

15
15
17

Telephone communication
Radio and t e l e v i s i o n broadcasting .




5*0.5
k9k.6
32.0
101.3
*1.8
27.2

9
9
1*

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
WOMEN EMPLOYEES
B-3: Women employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued

January 1970
SIC
Code

Number
(in
thousands)

Industry

Percent
of total
employment

October 1969
Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

January 1969
Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

Nondurable Goods—Continued

493
494-7

ELECTRIC, GAS, AND SANITARY SERVICES-Cont'd
Combination companies and systems
. ..
Water, steam, & sanitary systems

5,834

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE.
50
501
502
503
504
506
507
508
509

WHOLESALE TRADE

52-59
53
531
532
533
54
541-3
56
561
562
565
566
57
571
58
52,55,59
52
55
551,2
553,9
59
591
594
596
598

25.9
6.4

RETAIL TRADE
RETAIL GENERAL MERCHANDISE

61.3
82.2
70.1
120.9
77-4
39-3
138. 4

Motor v e h i c l e s & automotive equipment . .
Drugs, c h e m i c a l s , and a l l i e d products . .
Dry g o o d s and apparel
. . . .
Groceries and related products . . . . . . .
Electrical goods
Hardware; plumbing & heating equipment .
Machinery, equipment, and s u p p l i e s . . . .
Miscellaneous wholesalers . . . . . . . . a .

Department s t o r e s . . . . •
Mail order h o u s e s . . . . <
Variety s t o r e s .
FOOD STORES

Grocery, meat, and vegetables stores

APPAREL AND ACCESSORY STORES
Men's & b o y s ' clothing & furnishings . . .
Women's ready-to-wear s t o r e s
Family clothing s t o r e s
Shoe stores

t

. . .

• • . .

FURNITURE AND HOME FURNISHINGS STORES .
Furniture and home furnishings . . . . . . . . . . .

EATING AND DRINKING PLACES
•
OTHER RETAIL TRADE
Building materials and farm equipment
Automotive dealers & service stations . . . . . .
Motor vehicle dealers.
Other automotive & accessory dealers
Miscellaneous retail stores
.
Drug stores and proprietary stores
Book and stationery stores
Farm and garden supply stores
Fuel and ice dealers .

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE .
60
61
612
614
62
63
631
632
633
64
65
655
656
66,67

701
72
721
722

Banking
Credit a g e n c i e s other than banks
S a v i n g s and loan a s s o c i a t i o n s
. . .
Personal credit institutions
Security, commodity brokers & s e r v i c e s
Insurance carriers
Life insurance
Accident and health insurance . . . . . . . . . . . .
F i r e , marine, and casualty insurance
. . . . . . .
Insurance a g e n t s , brokers, and s e r v i c e . . . . . . .
Real estate
Subdividers and developers
Operative builders
.
Other finance, insurance, & real e s t a t e

SERVICES
Hotels and other lodging places:
Hotels, tourist courts, and motels <
Personal services
<
Laundries and dry cleaning plants .
Photographic studios . . . . . . . . .

384-207 O - 70 -




.

.
.
.

.

. . . . . . . .

4,951
1,629A
1,087.5
81.5
256.8
607.2
508.4
463.5
55.2
228.9
74.4
48.3
134.5
88.1
1,303.3
812.6
89.I
I85.6
87.3
31.3
537.9
260.8
29.2
21.1
20.2

14
13
4o

25.7
6.3
5,955

14
13
4o

26.2
6.3
5,561

14
13
39

23
19
34
47
22
25
23
18
22

902.
60.0
83.5
70.6
129.3
76.4
39.0
138.8
280.0

24
19
35
46
23
25
23
19
22

836
55.5
78.2
65.6
113.5
70.8
36.9
131.0
265.I

23
19
34
45
21
24
22
18
22

46
69
69
60
77
35

5,053
1,614.9
1,062.6
84.3
264.1
605.1
505.1
467.7
50.5
234.7
74.9
50.5
134.8
89.O
1,419.1
811.0
90.1
185.6
86.9
31.6
535.3
262.7
28.2
21.0
I8.5

46

4,725
1,528.4
1,014.6
75.9
245.1
577.3
482.4
461.4
51.4
227.0
77.8
50.1
131.0
85.3
1,239.6
786.9
86.3
180.2
83.5
29.6
520.4
262.7
26.7
19.0
19.9

45

II

41
88
70
38
30
31
57
24
17
12

n

14
44
60

46
20
17

62
78
35
33
61
41
89
70
38
30
31
58
24
16
12
11
14
45
61
45
20
17

60
78
35
32
66
41
88
70
37
30
30
56
24
•16

12
11

14
44
60
44
18

17

1,879
645.4
204.1
70.9
95.3
72.7
536.7
236.8
64.6
209.5
157.7
221.6
17.7
7.1
40.4

52
63
55
66
49
35
52
44
72
57
57
36
24
17
51

1,858
633.2
201.2
69.6
94.0
74.2
529.2
234.3
63.4
205.1
157.6
222.6
17.5
7.2

52
63
55
66
49
36
51
44
72
56
58
35
21
16
51

1,764
589.6
193.9
66.6
92.0
75.3
503.0
223.2
6O.5
194.6
149.1
215.5
15.9
6.3
39.6

51
63
55
65
49
35
50
43
72
56
57
35
22
15
50

6,069

55

6,082

54

5,780

54

315.4
620.7
341.2
23.9

50
62
66
58

40.4

373.4
636.8
352.2
28.3

52
62
66
63

305.2
625.I
352.4
21.2

50
61
66
53

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
WOMEN EMPLOYEES
B-3: Women employees on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued

January 1970

sic

Number
(in
thousands)

Industry

Code

Nondurable

Goods

Percent
of total
employment

October I969
Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

January I969
Number
(in
thousands)

Percent
of total
employment

••Continued

S E R V I C E S - Continued
73
731
732
734
76
78
781
782,3
80
806
81
82
821
822

m

891
892

Miscellaneous business services
Advertising
Credit reporting and c o l l e c t i o n
S e r v i c e s to buildings
M i s c e l l a n e o u s repair s e r v i c e s

. . . . . . . .

Motion pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motion picture filming & distributing
Motion picture theaters and s e r v i c e s . . . . .
Medical and other health s e r v i c e s
Hospitals
Legal services
*
Educational s e r v i c e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elementary and secondary s c h o o l s . . . . . .
C o l l e g e s and u n i v e r s i t i e s
Miscellaneous services
Engineering & architectural s e r v i c e s . . . .
Nonprofit research a g e n c i e s

517.8
50.6
54.0
87.0
27.5
66.9
14.3
52.6
2,401.0
1,481.1
143.6
551.1
242.0
265.1
151.3
45.2

34
43
72
33
15
35
31
36
81
81
63
48
61
40
24
15
30

517.4
50.8
54.5
80.6
27.4
72.2
14.9
57.3
2,360.2
1,459.6
141.7
556.7
239.5
273.8
143.1
44.7
27.2

27.8

GOVERNMENT.

34
43
72
30
15
3^
29
36
81
81
63
48
62
41
23
15
29

489.4
49.8
52.2
75.2
26.6
65.1
14.9
50.2
2,219.8
1,392.6
135-7
546.2
237-3
265.8
134.5
42.6

34
43
73
31
15
33
27
35
81
81
64
48
61
41
23
15
30

28.4
5,363

43

5,287

43

43
5,182

91

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

92,93
92

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT.
State government.
State education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other State government

708

26

711

26

4,655
1,085.8
442.6
643.2

48

4,576

47

4,466

41

1,078.2
442.8
635.4

41
40
43

1,033-6
418.0
615.6

49
62
32

3,432.4
2,505.0
927.4

26
716

L o c a l government
L o c a l education
Other l o c a l government




40
43

3,569.3

50

3,498.2

2,573.8

63

995.5

32

2,514.3
983.9

47
41
40
42
50
63
32

•>
B-4:

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED EMPLOYMENT

Indexes of employment on nonagricultural payrolls, by industry division,
1919 to date, monthly data seasonally adjusted
1957-59=100
Contract

Mining

Year and month

construction

___

Wholesale and retail trade
Total

Wholesale

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Total

Federal

State
and

I local

35.4
29.4
35.1
4i.o
42.6

64.2
64.2
49.7
54.9
62.1

91.0
98.1
84.9
86.0
95.2

41.3
40.9
42.0
44.9
48.4

43.9
46.4
46.0
45.2
47.0

32.8
34.3
35.0
36.3
38.9

34.1
33.2
32.2
32.3
33.2

45.8
50.1
53.9
55.7
55.6

58.3
59.9
61.2
6O.3
59.9

93.4
93.9
96.7
95.6
93.9

49.5
51.1
53.0
54.1
53.8

48.7
48.7
51.6
54.0
56.7

40.3
41.6
44.2
45.9
47.4

34.7
35.7
36.3
37.2
38.2

51.9
47.5
42.1
33.6
28.0

64.5
57.6
49.2
41.8
44.6

96.1
90.4
79.8
69.I
65.6

56.1
53.1
48.4
42.9
43-5

59.6
58.3
55.6
53.0
51.2

49.9
49.O
46.2
42.5
41.7

39.1
40.1
41.6
41.1
40.4

24.1
23.8
25.3
25.2
25.5

45.0
46.6
48.0
47.3
46.2

29.9
31.6
39.7
38.5
36.5

51.2
54.6
59.2
65.O
56.9

67.5
68.4
72.9
76.9
70.2

48.4
49.7
53.2
57.4
56.6

52.1
52.8
54.9
56.6
56.3

44.4
45.6
48.2
51.0
50.4

42.0
44.4
46.7
47.9
49.5

29.4
34.0
37.3
37.6
37.4

47.O
48.4
50.5
51.9
54.2

39.8
62.0
75.2
54.3

61.9
66.2
79.5
92.1
106.0

72.0
74.5
8O.3
84.y
89.5

58.8
61.8
66.0
65.2
63.9

58.1
60.6
64.7
62.9
60.1

59.1
62.3
66.5
66.0
65.3

57.8
59.4
61.2
60.8
59.4

51.0
53.4
56.9
59.2
60.2

50.9
53.6
59.4
69.9
77.5

40.9
45.0
6O.5
100.0
131.2

54.9
56.9
58.9
58.1
56.4

115.8
108.6
111.9
124.0
129.1

37.9
39.2
57.5
68.7
75.1

104.4
93.5
88.6
93.7
93.9

93.9
95.8
99.6
102.2
102.8

64.6
67.0
76.7
82.0
84.9

60.8
64.3
75.6
81.5
85.9

66.0
67.9
77.1
82.2
84.5

58.3
59.2
67.1
69.3
72.3

60.4
61.5
68.4
73.2
75.5

77.0
75.8
71.3
69.8
72.0

132.2
126.8
101.8
85.5
84.1

55.3
55.7
59.3
63.6
67.2

83.4
86.1
91.1
93.0
95.6

120.8
117.0
120.6
116.6
112.5

75.0
80.8
90.2
91.2
90.9

87.O
91.8
98.8
100.2
105.7

84.8
85.9
89.2
91.6
93.8

85.9
86.9
90.0
92.8
94.2

84.5
85.6
88.9
91.2
93.7

73.4
75.8
78.7
81.8
84.8

76.3
78.1
80.9
83.I
85.I

74.6
76.8
81.4
84.2
84.7

102.7
102.9
106.8
107.5
97.5

90.5
97.1
103.9
101.2
96.2
102.5
99.9
97.5
100.5
102.6
105.6

98.3
101.7
103.9
103.5
96.1

93.7
96.5
99.4
99.7
98.4

94.6
96.5
99.6
99.9
98.3

93.4
96.4
99.4
99.6
98.5

88.3
92.3
96.O
97.9
99.6

87.O
91.0
94.8
97.9
98.7

86.0
88.1
92.7
97.1
99.9

86.2
87.I
104.0
109.3
104.1
98.8
98.8
99.8
100.1
99.0

70.1
72.8
72.6
74.4
77.1

93.3
96.5
99.8
100.7
97.8

98.2
99.0
103.7
104.2
105.3
100.2
101.6
104.1
104.0
97.5
98.4
98.2
95.8
95.8
95.8
96.9
99.0
101.8
104.5
105.8
109.1
IO8.9
109.0
109.6
110.0

101.9
104.3
103.8
105.9
107.8
111. 3
116.4
121.3
124.6
128.9
134.1
133.1
133.8
134.3
134.3
134.6
134.7
135.6
135.8
135.3
136.8
137.3
136.9
137.2

101.7
103.7
103.3
105.5
107.2
110.1
114.4
H8.7
121.7
124.9
130.1
129.O
129.8
130.3
130.3
130.4
130.8
131.5
131.7
132.5

102.0
104.5
104.0
106.1
108.1
111.8
117.2
122.2
125.6
130.4
135.5
134.5
135.2
135.7
135.8
136.1
136.2
137.1
137.3
136.3
138.0
138.5
137.9
138.3

102.5
105.5
107.9
110.7
113.7
116.9
119.5
122.5
127.5
133.7
140.7
139.6
140.0
140.6
141.0
141.5
141.7
142.1
142.8
143.2
144.3
144.4
144.9
145.5

103.4
107.7
111.2
116.4
120.7
126.3
131.8
138.5
146.5
153.6
161.0
160.2
160.5
I6O.5
I6O.5
161.3
161.7
163.I
I63.4
163.8
164.6
165.6

103.0
IO6.5
109.5
113.3
117.6
122.3
128.4
137.5
145.3
151.0
155.8
154.8
155.6
156.2
155.9
156.0
155.6
157.0
157.3
158.O
158.4
159.3
160.3
161.4

100.9
102.5
102.9
105.7
106,5
106.1
107.4
115.8
122.8
123.6
124.5
124.6
124.4
126.0
125.4
124.3
124.2
123.3
122.9
122.9
122.6
122.9
125.6
129.0

1919..
1920..
1921..
1922..
1923..

51.6
52.1
46.4
49.2

1924.
1925.
1926.
1927.
1928.,

53.4
54.8
56.8
57.1
57.1

19291930.,
1931.,
1932.
1933.

59.7
56.0
50.7
45.0
45.1

1934.,
1935..
6
1937..
1938..

49.4
51.5
55.4
59.1
55.6

143.0
141.4
153.9
144.7
136.4
141.2
131.0
113.4
94.9
96.6
114.7
116.5
122.9
131.8
115.7

1939.
1940.
1941.
1942.
1943.

58.3
61.6
69.6
76.4
80.8

110.9
120.1
124.3
128.8
120.1

1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.

79.7
76.9
79.3
83.5
85.5

1949.
1950.
1951.
1952.
1953.
1954.
1955.
1956.
1957.
1958.

147.1
I6O.9
124.9
120.6
157.4

101.5
95.1
1959....
103.3
92.5
i960
102.9
87.3
1961
105.9
84.4
1962
108.0
82.5
1963
111.1
82.3
1964
115.8
82.1
1965
121.8
81.4
1966
125.4
79.6
129.2
1967
79.2
133.5
1968
81.6
81.0
1969....
132.9
I969: April.... 133.3
133.8
May
133.7
81.7
June
81.9
July.•••• 134.2
134.0
8I.9
August...
81.9
September 134.5
82.1
October.. 134.5
82.5
November. I34.6
December. 134.8
82.3
1970: January.. 135.2
82.3
February.
82.2
March....
81.6
April....
NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning

no.4

113.4
111.1
113.2
118.2
116.5
118.0
120.1
118.9
118.1
H8.5
118.4
119.9
119.8
H5.5
118.4

1959. This
benchmark month.
Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




Manufacturing

Transportation and
public
utilities

100.5
101.2
98.4
101.5
102.4
104.1
108.8
115.8
117.2
119.1
121.2
121.2
121.2
121.7
121.5
122.5
121.7
121.4
120.5
120.5
120.3
119.8

no.o

109.9
109.9

no.o

110.1
110.9
110.7
110.7
109.8

133.5
133.8
134.0
134.0

ifeL

rrease of 212,000 (0.4 percent) in the nonagricultural total for the March 1959

81.0
83.9
90.0
95.9
100.3
103.9
108.0
112.1
116.3
121.9
128.7
136.6
146.1
154.1
161.7
168.1
I66.7
167.8
168.1
167.9
168.4
168.0
170.3
170.8
171.8
172*4
173.5

J5

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED EMPLOYMENT
B-5:

Employees on nonagricultura! payrolls, by industry, seasonally adjusted
(In thousands)

Industry division and group

Apr.

70,972 71,060 71,004

TOTAL...
MINING

633

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION

3,378

Ordnance and accessories
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery, except electrical
Electrical equipment
Transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing

271
576

. . .

Oct. Sept.

1969
Aug. July

June

May

Apr.

70,818 70,679 70,635 70,651 70,390 70,500 70,247 70,300 70,013 69,789
634

635

3,33* 3,*59

632

631

3,*6l 3,*l8

631

631

3,*20 3,410

629

622

3,*3* 3,*66

622

624

3,*O7 3,363

20,004 20,156 20,197 20,33* 20,164 20,198 20,118 20,111

*79
652
1,313
1,422
2,009
2,006
1,867
1*63
46

280
580
481
656
1,329
1,440
2,018
2,022
1,907
465
440

286
584
482
664
133
1,444
2,024
2,020
1,853
465
443

290
591
486
661
1,353
l,*52
2,018
1,9*8
1,951
466
447

299
591
486
664
1,371
1,*59
2,025
1,952
1,972
468
*5l

304
591
488
664
1,378
1,*56
2,012
1,958
1,983
468

306
589
491
662
1,381
1,^56
2,030
2,076
2,030
469
442

325
31*
595
598
*92
*93
660
659
1,378 1,361
2*020 1,*65
2,075 2,005
2,05* 2,076
469 2,183
473
kko
443

332
600
491
658
1,3*8
1**56
2,007
2,070
2,032
471
447

337
607
496
662
1,3*7
1,*56
2,010
2,063
2,035
473
445

610
496
656
1,333
1,*53
1,999
2,058
2,009
474
444

3*3
604
496
658
1,326
l,*50
1,999
2,046
2,029
472
445

8,252 8,267

8,244

8,243

1,789
81
990
1,429
717
1,083
1,055
191
584
3*8

1,793
82
987
1,426
714
1,075
1,046
190
581
350

1,795
81
991
1,*25
710
1,078
l,o44
190
579
350

8,227

Food and kindred products . .
T o b a c c o manufactures
T e x t i l e mill products
Apparel and other textile products
Paper and allied products
Printing and publishing . . . . . . . . . . . .
C h e m i c a l s and allied products
.
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and p l a s t i c s products, nee . . . . . .
Leather and leather products

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC
UTILITIES

8,264 8,224

8,232 8,253

1,803
81
968
1,397
72*
1,104
1,045
193
57*
338

1,818
80
966
1,397
724
1,104
1,052
194
578
33*

1,814
80
986
1,421
726
1,106
1,056
194
581
338

1,808
78
979
1,409
722
1,103
1,053
193
581
338

1,791
80
979
1,412
718
1,093
1,051
189
58:
33<

4,511 *,5H

1,830
79
974
l,*03
726
1,106
1,056
194
577
333

1,803
76
982
1,414
724
1,102
1,055
193
581
339

4,521 4,489

1,777
78
977
1,410
720
1,099
1,050
191
583
339

4,484 4,480

1,797
83
979
1,414
718
1,089
1,052
190
586
3*5

4,480 4,484

1,787
81
988
1,423
716
1,084
1,054
191
585
3*3

4,483 *,*67

4,444 *,*39

3,882 3,882 3,876 3,865 3,837 3,815 3,807 3,787 3,776 3,773 3,77* 3,758 3,737
L,002 10,929 10,926 10,898 10,891 10,851 10,796
11,101 11,065 11,115 11,074 10,936 11, 02111

••••

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND
REAL ESTATE • •

3,682

SERVICES .
Hotels and other lodging places
Personal services
Medical and other health services . . . . . . .
Educational services
•

8,302 8,269

3*2

1^,983 14,9*7 14,991 1*,939 1*,773 14,836 14,809 14,716 14,702 14,671 14,665 14,609 1*,533

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE

WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE

8,247 8,278

4,477

NONDURABLE GOODS

3,665 3,65*

3,650 3,623

3,613 3,595

H,*39 11,422 11,415 11,349 11,297 11,264
742
754
749
751
755
751
l,u03 1,016 1,017 1,015 1,017 1,021
3,026 3,013 2,992 2,980 2,956 2,936
1,142 1,138 1,140 1,117 1,121 1,118

3,586 3,581

3,568 3,557

3,541 3,531

11,244 11,150 11,120 11,067 11,066 11,065 11,044
741
740
724
704
706
721
730
1,025 1,026 1,026 1,030 I,u26 1,025 1,024
2,917 2,897 2,874 2,861 2,850 2,831 2,813
1,113 1,092 1,094 1,099 1,102 1,120 1,119

12,664 12,57* 12,495 12,426 12,396 12,341
12,210 12,238 12,231 12,259 12,207 12,144
2,790 2,75* 2,758
2,780 2,721 2,714
:,752
2,729 hi
;*B6
9^20 9 589
9,469 9,453 9^386
9,794 9.774 9.712 9'M

. • 2,856
. . 9.808

NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




3,443 3,*l8

Nov.

11,494 H , 6 l 8 11,608 11,663 11,738 11,740 11,938 11,965 12,081 11,912 11,931 11,87* 11,868

DURABLE GOODS

FEDERAL
STATE AND LOCAL. . .

63*

Jan.

19,721 19,865 19,886 19,965 20,007

MANUFACTURING

GOVERNMENT

1970
Feb.
Mar.

W

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED EMPLOYMENT
B-6:

Production workers in industrial and construction activities^
seasonally adjusted
(In thousands)
1970

Major industry group
Apr.

TOTAL . . .

17,642

MINING . . .

1969
Dec.

Mar.

482

485

2,831

2,897

2,880

MANUFACTURING

14,332

DURABLE GOODS

8,284

8,391

8,364

l4l

151

155

Ordnance and accessories .

Oct.

Sept

Aug.

July

June

484

484

482

2,807 2,926

482

483

2,881

2,919

484

481

2,862

474

476

2,919

2,878

2,839

14,468 14,467 14,542 14,582 14,588 14,732 14,772 14,922 14,772 14,811 14,740 14,739

8,417 8,487

156

163

8,492

8,674

8,701

167

168

173

181

8,687

8,630

8,634

187

188

192

193

530

525

412

413

8,823

496

499

504

512

511

510

509

516

518

520

528

Furniture and fixtures

396

398

399

403

402

404

408

408

410

408

411

Stone, clay, and glass products

530

526

518

522

530

526

531

Primary metal industries

i,o4i

1,058

1,068

1,081

1,097

Fabricated metal products.

1,087

1,100

1,104

1,113 1,119

531

529

527

532

526

529

1,104 1,109

1,106

1,087

1,077 1,076

1,062

1,057

1,116

1,127

1,128

1,122 1,122

1,121

1,118

1,369

1,377

1,117

1,364

Electrical equipment and supplies . . . .
Transportation equipment. . .

1,372

1,377

1,376 1,381

1,372 1,387

1,:

1,366

1,366

1,370

1,329

1,344

1,336

1,263 1,269

1,278 1,389

1,383

1,387

1,388 1,379

1,381

1,369

1,582

1,^30 1,434

1,399

1,420

294

292

1,321

1,262

1,354

1,375

1,385

1,423

284

284

284

283

286

286

288

338

342

345

350

1,290

Instruments and related products . . . . . .
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries.

NONDURABLE GOODS .

6,048

6,077

6,103

....

1,219

1,234

1,243

67

66

292

1,226 1,214

292

3^5

6,096

6,125

291
350

348

345
6,071

6,099

6,104

6,124

1,199 1,204

1,217

67

Textile mill products

850

Apparel and other textile products . . . .

849

856

1,225

1,231

559

Paper and allied products

1,224

561

562

67
867

63
863

65

1,197 1,201

862

1,247 1,241

1,238

561

558

562

Printing and publishing . . . . . . . . . . .

681

683

685

686

685

685

Chemicals and allied products. ...

602

609

612

613

614

614

118

120

119

119

118

119

445

444

449

446

449

..

Rubber and plastics products, nee . . . .
Leather and leather products

.......

439
289

284

285

289

290

69

863

1,239
557

557

678

1,238

68

69

1,242

676

67:

674

619

620

623

557

873

873

1,248 1,255
555

871

875
1,252

1,255
549

556
554

672
669

683

617
617

613
117

118

451

454

119

119

45:

455

118
118

118
450

*For mining and manufacturing, data refer to production and related workers; for contract construction, data relate to construction workers.




68

862

289

NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.

70

614

860

1,205
1,206

67
65

6,105
6,110

1,185
Tobacco manufactures

348
347

6,058

6,095
Food and kindred products

1,447

340
353

Petroleum and coal products

Apr.

473

Lumber and wood products

Machinery, except electrical

May

17,847 17,832 17,833 17,992 17,989 18,094i 18,137 18,267 18,142 18,203 18,092 18,054

17
+9

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION.

Nov.

449
451

296

294

299

300

300

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
B-7: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)

ALABAMA .
Birmingham
Huntsville.
Mobile
Montgomery
Tuscaloosa

.
.
.
.
.

ALASKA

Manufacturing

Contract construction

Mining

State aad area

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

995.2
258.4
77,2
102.5
67.8
36.5

996.7
258.0
77.2
106,3
67.5
36.6

978.7
251.4
76.3
102.8
66.7
34.2

8.4
5.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

8.4
5.5
U>
(1)
(1)
(1)

8.0
5.3
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

49.2
14.5
2.5
6.6
4.8
2.1

48.0
14.3
2.4
6.6
4.7
2.2

48.5
14.6
3.1
6.2
5.1
1.7

318.0
72.3
13.1
22.0
10.7
10.1

322.7
72.5
13.1
25.5
10.5
10.1

316.0
70.5
11.7
23.5
10.2
8.4

81.2

80.3

76.6

3.1

3.1

3.2

4.5

4.5

3.8

4.8

4.5

4.7

19.6
.2
6.1

17.9
.2
5.5

34.5
20.1
9.6

34.3
20.0
9.5

29.5
16.6
8.8

95.5
74.9
9.5

96.2
76.0
9.4

90.8
72.8
7.7

4.2

24.4
1.1
2.7
6.5
.9

27.5
1.4
2.5
7.2
1.0

27.4
1.4
2.8
7.4
1.4

1*5.2
7.1
16.1
27.7
5.6

165.8
7.1
15.8
28.0
5.6

165.0
7.0
16.2
26.7
5.8

ARIZONA .
Phoenix .
Tucson. .

544.8
325.8
105.7

542.4
325.3
105.0

502.9
301.0
95.8

19.8
.2
6.2

ARKANSAS
Fayetteville
Fort Smith. ,
Little Rock-North Little Rock .
Pine Bluff

526.1
25.1
44.4
121.1
24,2

527.3
25.1
43.9
121,9
24,3

521.6
24.7
44.5
119.6
24.7

4.1
(1)
.5
(1)
(1)

.5
(1)
(1)

4.5
(1)
.5
(1)
(1)

6,894.1 6,777.6
410.4
395.1
89.1
87.9
111.0
108.6
2,896.3 2,864.0
49.6
49.9
88.9
88.1
251.9
253.4
58.1
57.8
293.6
285.1
379.6
364.1
1,247.3 1,233.9
364.3
3.60.7
80.6
78.0
47.5
46.4
83.7
83.3
65.2
66.3

31.7
2.0
6.8
.6
11.5
.1
1.9
.2
.4
2.3
.5
1.7
.1
1.0
.3
.1
.2

31.9
2.0
6.9
.7
11.6
.1
1.9
.2
.4
2.3
.5
1.7
.1
1.0
.3
.1
.1

31.8
2.1
6.8
.7
11 7
.1
1.8
.2
.4
2.3
.5
1.7
.1
.9
.3
.1
.2

296.3
21.9
4.6
4.6
105.1
2.8
3.8
9.4
2.2
13.6
20.7
61.3
16.1
4.2
2.2
2.7
2.0

283.9
21.2
4.8
4.4
103.5
2.8
3.8
9.4
2.3
13.3
20.7
60.6
15.5
4.1
2.1
2.5
1.8

276.8
18.9
5.0
4.4
99.7
2.8
3.9
9.1
2.5
12.7
20.0
58.3
15.7
4.0
2.0
2.8
2.0

,596.7
123.1
8.3
16.3
847.7
11.4
13.9
20.8
7.0
53.1
69.1
201.5
121.2
10.8
6.6
15.8
6.1

,587.5 1,637.9
124.2
129.6
8.3
8.1
15.8
15.9
850.6
883.6
10.5
11.7
13.8
14.3
20.8
23.7
6.5
6.9
53.1
52.2
69.6
67.6
196.1
204.0
119.2
124.3
10.3
10.4
6.4
6.6
15.2
15.7
5.9
6.7

13.7
4.5

13.8
4.5

12.9
4.5

37.5
26.1

37.6
26.0

33.6
23.0

112.4
81.6

113.7
81.8

109.2
79.2

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

51.4
5.3
13.2
1.4
7.0
3.5
2.9

49.8
5.1
12.8
1.4
6.6
3.3
2.9

46.5
5.3
12.1
1.3
7.0
3.5
2.7

469.5
73.1
105.8
25.0
43.9
27.1
37.8

471.3
73.6
106.0
25.0
44.1
27.4
38.9

480.5
77.8
110.4
25.6
46.1
27.6
41.5

206.3
186.5

(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)

13.3
12.3

12.6
11.5

12.4
11.4

71.9
69.8

69.1
66.6

72.8
69.7

680.2
674.8
1,118.0 1,096.4

(*)
(*)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(*)
(*)

14.3
59.5

19.0
64.8

(*)
(*)

19.8
44.6

20.3
45.0

7.9
(1)
(*>
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

7.9
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

8.0
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
CD
(1)
(1)

167.2
27.0
(*)
33.4
13.3
4.8
23.9
13.1

171.1
28.6
13.2
33.5
13.0
4.8
23.8
13.8

158.1
21.4
12.8
31.9
10.6
5.1
22.1
10.6

331.4
20.9
(*)
80.0
21.4
14.5
54.4
20.3

336.5
21.0
24.5
80.0
22.1
14.6
"54.2
20.9

331.6
21.0
23.8
77.0
22.6
14.4
53.9
18.3

6.8
(1)

6.8
(1)

6.7
(1)

75.3
29.8

75.1
29.5

77.3
33.8

466.9
128.4

465.5
125.9

473.6
128.3

CALIFORNIA
i,955.0
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove.
412.9
Bakersfield
89.0
Fresno
112.3
Los Angeles-Long Beach
1,905.5
Modesto-Turlock. . .
50.7
90.2
Oznard-Ventura
254.7
Sacramento
59.3
Salinas-Monterey.
San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario. .
295.8
San Diego .
380.6
San Francisco-Oakland
.,260.8
San Jose . . ; . . .
369.9
Santa Barbara
81.7
Santa Rosa
48.4
Stockton
.
84.5
Vallejo-Napa
66.2

COLORADO
Denver . . .

CONNECTICUT .
Hartford
New Britain.
New Haven .
Stamford
Waterbury . .
DELAWARE
Wilmington.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Washington SMSA . . . . . .

FLORIDA
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood.
Jacksonville .
Miami
Orlando
Pensacola
Tampa-St. Petersburg . . . . .
West Palm Beach

GEORGIA .
Atlanta. .

716.9
464.3

714.8
462.5

691.4
446.9

1,197.3 1,194.0 1,174.4
152.9
153.5
153.4
321.8
320.5
315.1
46.8
46.6
46.8
155.1
154.1
154.2
79.7
79.2
77.4
78.4
78.7
79.4
207.0
187,5
(*)
(*)

202.7
182.7

,171.6 2,179.4 2,079.3
183.1
184.9
165.7
191.7
187.6
(*)
503.2
486.7
502.7
138.8
129.6
137.6
67.1
66.1
66.8
306.5
293.2
307.2
117.8
105.6
116.7
1,526.4 1,520.7 1,498.5
606.8
600.1
584.6

U)

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




CD

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Wholesale and retail trade

Mar.
X97Q

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.

56.0

56.0
18.5
li.9
10.8
4.4

55.1
18.2

187.5
60.0
12.0
25.2
14.9

18.5

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

1970

Feb.
1970
186.0
59.8
12.0
25.1
14.9

Mar.
1969
179.9
57.4
11.8
24.6
14.8

Service s

Mar.
1970
41.2
17.5

Feb.
1970
41.3
17.6

Mar.
1969
40.4
17.0

2.0
5.0

4.8

1.1

4.1
1.1

1.9

Government

3,3

Mar.
1970
207.9
33.7
29.4
17.4
18.2
12.4

Feb.
1970
208.1
33.7
29.4
17.2
18.2
12.3

Mar.
1969
204.9
33.8
28.9
17.2
17.8
12.1

Mar.
1970
127.0
36.4
16.3
16.0
10.3

Feb.
1970
126.2
36.1
16.4
16.1
10.3

Mar.
1969
125.9
34.6
17.1
15.7
10.4

3.3

3.3

1
2
3

6.0

6.0

6.1

2.0
5.0
4.5
1.1

7.7

14.2

14.0

12.8

2.8

2.7

2.6

11.0

10.8

9.7

33.5

33.5

32.1

27.5
15.9
5.4

126.2
81.6
23.6

125.4
81.4
23.4

112.6
72.3
20.6

29.5
21.7

29.2
21.5
4.6

25.9
19.2

5.7

29.2
17.1
5.7

92.1
53.9
19.2

90.9
53.3
19.0

83.7
50.0
17.9

117.9
56.3
27,3

117.6
55.8
27.3

115.0
54.0
26.0

8
9
10

31.3

31.2

30.8

104,3

102.9

102.6

20.5

70.4

103.2

103.0

100.8

2.2
2.6
9.2
3.0

4.8
8.6

4.8
8.5

4.7
8.7

.6

20.1
.6

72.3

2.2
2.7
9.5
3.2

20.4
.6

73.1

2.2
2,7
9O4
3.2

3.1
6.3

6.0
6.0

5.7
6.0

5.7
6.0

26.3

26.2

18.3

18.3

18.0

24.0

23.9

23.7

4.7

4.6

4.6

1.4
8.4
,9

3.3
6.5

26.5

1.4
8.7
.9

3.3
6.4
3.2

3.2

3.2

5.7

5.8

5.8

11
12
13
14
15

1,500.6
96.6
19.8
28.3
634.5
11.4
19.8
51.6
14.1
65.4
83.3
268.2
68.9
16.9
11.1
18.6
11.2

1,443.0 376.9
88.1
19.8
3.6
19.7
5.4
27.8
610.8 166.6
11.0
1.5
18.6
3.1
49.9
10.2
2.4
14.1
10.0
62.6
17.9
78.5
97.8
261.4
64.7
13.3
16.3
3.1
3.2
11.0
3.0
18.6
1.9
11.1

374.6
19.5

1,250.3
67.7
13.9
20.8
536.6

1,240.0
66.7
13.9
20.6
535.0

1,191.9
6.2.7
13.4
20.0
517.8

1,417.9
66.6
25.7
28.3
417.1
10.9
28.5
107.1
17.2
76.0
97.1
272.1
59.7
21.8
13.3
23.9
30.5

1,384.9
62.7
25.4
27.0
404.7
11.1
28.8
105.7
16.9
74.3
94.4
271.5
56.5
20.8
12.8
24.2
30.7

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

1.9

10.3
4.4
1.5

1.8

10.8

1.6

4.3
1.5

7.3

7.2

29.3
17.1

461.0
457.7 452.1
12.4
13.7 . 13.6
6.1
6.1
6.2

4.6

1.4
8.7
.9

7.7

7.5

7.5

179.0

178.4

175.2

2.8
4.3

2.8
4.1

2.7
3.9

17.6

17.5

4.0

4.0

17.5
20.2
133.7
16.2

17.4
20.0
133.1
15.8

3.6
2.6
6.3
3.4

3.6
2.6
6.3
3.4

17.5
4.0
17.2
19.2
132.7
15.7
3.6
2.5
6.3
3,5

1,508.9
97.2
19.7
28.4
636.2
11.3
20.3
51.7
14.4
65.9
83.3
269.9
69.7
17.1
11.3
18.8
11.5

50.9
35.7

50.5
35.4

49.5
34.6

167.3
114.3

166.9
113.7

162.1
109.5

53.6

54.2

51.6

6.3

6.2

6.1

12.0
1.8
13.6

11.9
1.8
13.5

11.8
1 A
i.o
13.5
3.0

221.7
29.4
60.6

219.9
28.8
60.0

209.1
26.4
57.4

3.1

30.8
17.1
13.7

30.6
16.7
12.9

30.5
16.2
11.7

8.0
4.4
2.1
8.8
7.8

3.3
3.2

3.3
3.2

4.5

3.9

4
5
6
7

8.6

8.5

8.2

13.9
10.6

13.8
10.4

13.4
10.2

1,433.2
67.5
25.9
28.5
422.8
11.1
28.9
107.7
17.5
76.8
97.9
274.4
60.8
21.9
13.6
24.0
30.5

36.5
28.0

123.9
83.4

123.9
83.4

120.4
81.5

173.9
90.0

171.2
89.2

167.2
86.6

33
34

70.9

68.0
4.5

41.6
1.2
8!o

39.4
1.1

174.5
20.4
44.6
5.3

153.4
14,0
43.7
4.7
19.8

153.5
14.1
43.5
4.7
19.6

148.9
13.6
41.5
5.0
19.4

16.2
10.2

169.8
19.7
42.7
5.0
29'.9
15.4
10*0

35

4.7

8.0
8.4

8.0
8.6

7.6
8.4

39
40
41

32.6
27.3

32.0.
26.8

30.4
25.6

42
43

3.6

359.2
18.6
3.4

5.4
165.6

160.5

1.5
3.1

1.5
3.1

10.2

10,2

2.4

5.3

2.3
9.7

9.9
17.9
97.4
13.1

16.7
94.0
12.8

3.1
3.2
2.9
1.9

3.0
3.0
2.8
1.9

37.3
28.7

37.2
28.5

71.3
4.6

41.7

9.7

9.6

9.0

14.0
37.1
11.4
56.6
71.0
220.5
72.5
20.0

13.9
36.6
11.2
56.2
70.5
218.1
72.0
19.8

13.7
35.6
10.7
54.1
67.2
210.3
70.9
19.0

4.3
2.1

7.8
4.1
2.0

176.4
20.7
44.8
5.3
32.1
16.4
10.3

8.7
7.7

8.6
7.7

28.3
25.6

28.3
25.6

28.2
25.8

3U7

36

37
38

10.5

10.5

9.3

9.3

11.5
10.2

41.6
35.4

41.5
35.2

42.4
36.1

(*)
(*)

31.2
59.7

30.7
57.4

<*>
(*)

83.8
221.7

84.7
216.0

(*)
(*)

32.1
63.3

31.3
61.6

(*)
<*>

136.7
241.6

131.2
233.4

(*)
(*)

362.3
427.6

357.6
418.2

44
45

152.3

145.8

573.3
49.8

411.6
39.0

9.1
2.6

113.8
23.9

390.5
35.3
28.6
109.0
23.0

2.5

8.7

8.7

8.5

17.6
7.2

17.6
7.2

16.6
6.3

57.3
24.7

57.4
24.7

54.6
22.9

57.5
22.0
18.2
43.9
16.5

396.9
24.8
33.6
57.8
21.8
18.3
43.7
16.4

381.6
23.0
33.4
56.6
20.2
18.4
41.7
15.6

46
47
48

9.1
2.6

17.2
30.7
8.5

410.9
39.2
28.5
114.3
23.8

399.0
25.2

32.0

128.6
11.2
18.5
31.9

9.9

133.9
39.4
14.6
89.2
29.9

543.6
46.7
51.7
127.7
37.2
13.7
84.4'
27.4

128.9
11.4

20.1
53.8
7.5
3.5
19.9
4.5

575.3
50.3
52.2
133.6
40.5
14.8
88.7
29.8

120.1

8.4

5.0

152.2
9.8
21.2
52.1
8.5
3.3
21.1
5.0

107.1
60.0

106.7
59.6

100.1
55.5

325.3
165.5

322.5
163.0

313.1
154.5

73.3
42.1

72.6
41.4

70.6
40.0

177.6
87.7

177.8
87.8

174.9
85.5

294.1
93.3

293.7
92.9

282.2
87.0

54
55

9.8
(*)

52.1
8.5
3.4

20.9




(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

49
50
51
52
53

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
B-7: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Mining
State and area
GEORGIA (continued)
Augusta
Columbus
Macon. „
Savannah. . .

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Contract construction

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

CD

Manufacturing

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

5.5
4.5
5.1
4.2

5.5
4.3
5.0
4.2

5.2
4.0
4.1
3.8

30.0
19.2
14.6
16.8

30.3
19.4
14.6
17.3

31.1
19.9
15.1
17.2

24.3
21.8

24.1
21.6

21.4
19.0

23.5
17.2

23.4
1.6.9

21.9
16.3

38.8
4.4

38.2
4.3

Mar..
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar..
1969

87.6
69.8
78.1
67.6

87.7
69.9
77.7
67.9

87.2
69.9
77.6
66.7

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)

HAWAII. . . i
Honolulu

282.3
240.8

281.0
239.7

266.1
227.6

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

IDAHO
Boise

197.8
38.9

196.0
38.4

192.9
37.1

3.4
(1)

3.4
(1)

3.4
(1)

8.1
2.1

7.5
1.9

8.1
2.0

37.8

+,356. 2
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

4 ,328.2

4,290.0
2,960.2
3,176.4
131.7
126.5
111.5

22.4
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
<*>

22.0
4.7
4.8
(2)
(2)
(2)

22.6
5.0
5.1
(2)
(2)
(2)

178.2
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

170.6
117.6
132.8
5.3
6.8
4.2

175.0
118.0
131.5
6.1
6.8
4.4

1,379.3
(*)
(*>
(*)
(*).

1,376.5
967.1
1,074.2
43.2
48.9
56.7

1,400.8
975.0
1,079.7
43.9
47.7
58.3

,848.0
88.0
119.9
225.3
425.2
47.2
92.5
54.6

1,836.0
87.4
118.9
222.5
423.7
47.2
92.9
54.7

1,845.9
116.5
216.2
417.6
46.6
96.0
52.8

7.0
1.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
1.0

6.7
1.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
1.0

7.2
1.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
.9

79.8
4.1
5.0
15.5
21.0
1.6
3.6
1.7

75.0
3.9
4.8
15.2
20.3
1.6
3.5
1.7

78.8
4.1
5.2
13.5
18.6
2.0
3.7
1.7

718.9
33.7
45.3
108.1
133.9
19.3
33.3
15.4

720.3
33.5
45.2
106.5
135.2
19.4
33.9
15.6

740.0
34.1
45.1
104.7
136.0
19.1
36.2
14.7

IOWA
Cedar Rapids.
Des Moines
Dubuque
Sioux City . . .
Waterloo

875.5
65,2
130.0
34.1
40.3
49.8

872.0
65.9
129.1
34.3
39,9
50.2

863.7
66.3
126.4
32.7
40.9
50o2

2.9
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

2.8
(1)
(1)
(1)

2.7
(1)

33.7
2.1

34.1
2.5
5.2
1.3
1.8
2.0

217.1
26.3
26.9
14.2
8.7
18.9

219.2
27.0
26.9
14.4
8.5
19.3

224.8
27.7
26.5
13,7
9.9
19.9

KANSAS
Topeka
Wichita

676.9
63.1
142.7

674.4
62.7
144.2

678.4
60.3
149.5

KENTUCKY 5
Lexington
Louisville

898.5
77.6
332.0

893.2
77.9
330.1

,041.3
101.1
41.7
38.1
374.8
93.2

,

ILLINOIS
Chicago 4
Chicago-Northwestern Indiana 5
Davenport-Rock Island-Moline 5
Peotia 5 .
Rockford5

INDIANA
Evansville
Fort Wayne
'.....
Gary-Hammond-East Chicago4 .
Indianapolis
Muncie
South Bend
Terre Haute. . . . t

LOUISIANA...
Baton Rouge
Lake Charles
Monroe . . . . . .
New Orleans
Shreveport

...•

41
42
-43

MAINE .
Lewiston-Auburn
Portland

44
45

MARYLAND
Baltimore

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston
Brockton
Fall River.
Lawrence-Haverhill. . . . . . . . .
Lowell
New Bedford
Springfield-Chicopee-Holyoke . .
Worcester ... ... . . . . . , ._._._...

3

3 ,002.0
3 ,225.1
130.4
129.5
112.1

87.5

(D

(D

6;o

(1)

1.5
1.7
1.9

11.3
.1
2.4

34.7
3.5
7.3

33.5
3.5
7.1

30.1
2.9
6.1

135.3
9.7
42.8

134.3
9.5
44.3

147.4
9.0
50.6

47.5
4.8
16.0

43.1
4.6
15.8

48.0
4.8

CD*

25.7
(1)
(1)

253.4
16.4
118.6

253.6
17.0
118.0

245.2
17.2
122.2

51.3
.7
1.6
.3
15.1
4.1

51.4
.7
1.6
.3
14.9
4.0

50.2
.5
1.5
.4
13.8
4.1

78.7

78.7
12.0
5.1
3.7
21.6
6.2

78.3

12.2
5.2
3.6
21.5
6.2

12.7
5.3
3.8
21.9
5.2

175.9
18.1
9.2
6,5
54.3
16.1

176.7
18.0
9.1
6.5
54.7
17.1

176.7
18.9
8.8
6.9
55.1
16.6

(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)

(D

CD
CD-

(1)

13.2
1.3
2.8

12.7
1.3
2.7

11.9
1.3
2.8

110.5
12.8
14.4

111.9
12.9
14.3

115.5
14.3
15.4

79 O0
39.8

75.8
38.0

77.2
38.7

275.0
201.8

273.0
200.0

279.8
207.4

78.7
43.3
1.5
(1)
1.5
1.5
1.4
6.8
4.3

81,9
43.7
1.6
(1)
1.6
1.6
1.4
6.5
4.2

670.3
288.4
16.5
23,3
38,1
20.2
26.3
69.3
47.3

669.0
286.9
16.5
23.2
38,5
20.6
26.3
69,8
47.2

687.6
294.0
17.1
22.9
38.7
20.6
27.3
72.9
49.0

CD

(D

(1)

(1)

11.4
.1
2.1

11.6
.1
2.1

874.6
76,3
323.3

27.2
(1)
(1)

26.9

1,041.9
100.7
41.7
38.2
374.5
94.4

1,021.4
102.9
40.4
38.3
364.4
90.3

324.3
28.3
62.9

324.4
28.1
62.4

320.0
29.1
62.0

1,288.8
806.9

1,276.5
798.2

,250.6
791.8

,228.1
,280.0
49.2
47.6

2,216.9
1,272.8
48.7
47.0
80.0
51.3
53.5
192.3
128.5

,192.0
,252.1
48.5
46.6

80.3
•51.3
53.7
192.5
129.1

80.3
51.0
54.4
192.3
129.0

4.5

32.3
2.1
5.8
1.5
1.7
2.0

1.8
.3

1O8
.3

CD
1.8
.3

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)

80.4

(D

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)

45.1
Io6
(1)
1.5
1.7
1.4
6.9
4.4

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




CD

(D
(D

(1)

(D
(D
(1)

15.4

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division—Continued
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

Wholesale and retail trade

Service s

Government

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
197P

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

6.8

4.1
3.3
3.5
6.8

3.9
3.2
3.5
7.2

14.9
13.9
14.1
15.4

14.8
13.8
13.9
15.3

14.5
13.1
14.1
14.5

3.1
3.9
3.9
3.2

3.1
3.9
3.9
3.2

3.0
3.6
3.7
3.1

9.8
8.6
9.0
9.4

9.7
8.6
8.9
9.3

9.7
8.8
8.9
9.2

20.2
16.4
27.9
11.8

20.2
16.6
27.9
11.8

19.8
17.3
28.2
11.7

1
2
3
4

23.4
19.7

23.3
19.7

21.4
18.0

65.2
55.9

64.7

61.9
52.8

17.8

55.4

16.4

17.7
16.4

16.5
15.2

55.6
46.4

55.5
46.4

52.1
43.4

72.5
63.4

72.3
63.3

70.9
62.9

5
6

14.0

14.0

13.8

45.8
10.3

7.9
2.7

7.8
2.7

7.5
2.6

30.5

48.1

47.0

45.6

7

3.1

46.6
10.8

30.9

3.2

47.3
10.8

31.2

3.2

6.3

6.1

5.9

9.3

9.3

8.9

8

289.5

287.8
207.7
221,1

280.8
201.8
215.0

949.3

223.6
175.1
180.9

676.4

5.1
5.4
3.2

5.1
4.9
3.0

672.1
500.1
522.6
18.7
18.5
13.6

656.3
485,6
507.3
17.9
17o9
13.2

627.7

6.9
7.1
3.4

921.9
655.8
691.3
28.9
27.1
20.0

231.8
180.3
186.4

6.7
7.2
3.6

942.3
669.5
706.1
28.6
27.6
20.4

233.5

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

625.2
354.9
377.0
22.8
15.1
10.4

609.1
343.9
365.6
22.9.
14.9

99.9
5.3

98.4

360.2
18.6
27.2
36.6
93.6

356.1
18.5
26.1
35.5
92.4

74.9

74.8

73.4
3.3
6.1
5.8

200.0
12.5

28.5

28.4

27.7

295,0
8,5
11.8
22.1
65.5

292.1

3.3
6o4
6.1

1.4
4.8
1.7

1.4
4.8
1.7

1.4
4.8
1.7

15.6

204.1
12,8
15.0
22.6
52.8
5,1
15.5

297 o 9

3.3
6.4
6.1

6.5

6.5

6.3

41.7

41.7

39.9

3.2

3.2

3.0

15.3

15.1

14.0

144.4
10.2
22.0

143.4
10.1
21.8

140.8
10.0
21.4

Mar.
1970
4.1
3.3

3.5

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

100.2

Feb.
1970

8.5

5.1
8.1

13.5
28.1

13.4
27.9

13.2
26.8

363.4
18.6
27.6
37.0
93.9

2.4
4.9
4.2

2.4
4.9
4.2

2.5
4.8
4.1

8.8

8.7

8.4

19.9
12.8

19.6
12,7

20.4
12.7

50.4

50.4

50.2

3.1
9.2
1,7
3.2
2.4

3.1
9.1
1.7
3.2
2.4

3.2
9.0
1.7
3.3
2.4

205.3
13.2
31.8

201.5
13,2
31.6

200.2
13.1
32.0

50.6

50.8

51.0

7.2
7.6

7.2

7.7

7.5
7.7

59.9

59.8

58.7

4.3

4.5

4.1

23.0

22.8

22.7

95.1

94.9

90.1

5.4
3.1
2.4

5.3
3.2
2.4

5.2
2.7
2.3

46.7

46.6

45.2

9.5

9.6

17.0
.9
5.1

5.3
8.5

(*)
<*)
(*)
(*)
<*)

205.9
12.9
15.2
22.7
53.5
5.1

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

9.1

9
10
11
12
13
14

4.8

8.6

8.6

8.4

15.7

10.4
11.3

10.7
11.3

10.4
10.7

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

179.9

180.8

170.9

23

7.2

7.3

6.9

24

18.9

18,2
2.4
5.2
7.3

25
26
27
28

14.5

21.8
51.5

8.6

11.9
22.4
66.3

8.4

11.4
21.7
64.6

.9
2.0
1.4

.9
2.0
1.4

.9
2.0
1.4

6.5
7.7
7.3

6.5
7.7
7.3

6.3

2.7

7.5

5.4

18.7
2.7
5.4

7.2

8,1

8.1

153.9
12.7
32.9

30.0

29.9

28.9

101.5

3.7
6.6

9.9

24.8

23.9

156.1
15,8
19.8

156.7

3.9
6.5

101.0
10.0
24.7

101.2

3.9
6.4

15.7
19.7

154.6
15.2
19.5

29
30
31

180.3
14.5
69 o7

175.4
14.6
65.6

34.9

35.1

3.7

3.7

16.9

16.8

34.2
3.4
16.2

123.7
12.4
46.7

122.5
12.2
46.4

119.5
11.6
43.8

171.5
21,4
40.8

171.9
21.4
40.8

167.9
20.6
37.5

32
33
34

226.4
20*9

225.9
21.0

223.9
21.3

50.0

50.0

48.1

147.4
14.2

214.0
24.9

214.4
24.9

206.7
24.6

8.3

10.1
89.3
23.6

5.8
5.3

5.8
5.3

5.6
5.2

7.1
7.4

7.1
7.5

7.0
7.5

86.1
22.6

22.7

22.7

22.2

9.3

10.2
89.5
23.4

8.0
9.9

5.5
1.5
2.3

149.9
13.6

8.2

5.2
1.5
2.4

149.9
13.6

35

5.3
1.5
2.4
4.7

4.7

4.5

68.2
13.9

68.0
13.9

65.5
13.4

56.8
15.3

56.7
15.3

54.6
14.6

17.0

16.8

64.9

64.1

61.2

11.9

11.9

11.4

40.4

40.4

39.2

66.4

66.4

64.0

.9
5.1

.9
5.1

6.2

6.0

5.9

3.9

16.4

.8
5.0

4.0

16.7

.9
5.3

4.1

17.0

.9
5.4

10.6

10.7

10.0

2.1
7.6

2.1
7.6

2.0
7.3

41
42
43

229.0
134.5

219.9
129.3

255.3
156.0

254.1
155.0

245.2
151.0

44
45

456.0
314.1

438.6
302.8

298.7
174.8

298.9
175.8

292.2
170.9

8.9
9.2
8.8
9,0

6.3
8.8
9.2
8.7
9.1

5.9
8.7
9.5
8.6
9.2

7.7
4.4

7.7
4.2

7.6
4.2

12,0

11.7

6.8

6.8
4.6

34.4
22.2

34.0
22.2

33.2
21.6

11.4
6.7
4,5
24.1
16.0

46
47
48
49
50

80.6
56.9

79.9
56.2

80.3

118.7
74.9

117.1
74.3

1U.8
71.1

3.5
1.8
2.4
2.0
2.7
8.2
6.3

(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)
(*)

3.4
1.8
2.4
2.0
2.7
8.1
6.2




57.3

3.2
1.7
2.3
1.9
2.6
8.2
6.5

6.6

6.6

6.5

11.5

11.3

11.2

9.8

9.7

9.9

157.3
13.2
32.0

156.6
13.0
32.2

180.4
14.6
70.0

299.3
172.7

296.5
171.4

282.7
166.6

67.0
43.2

66.4
42.8

63.7
41.2

230.8
136.2

472.6
287.5
12.1

468.3
284.8
11.9

457.3
280.4
11.8

129.5
94.3
1.4

128.9
93.6
1.4

457.9
315.0
6.4

(1)
2.3
1.5
(1)
9.2
7.2

(1)
2.3
1.5
(1)
9.2
7.2

122.6
89.2
1.3
(1)

9.2

9.0

9.1

14.8
10.3

14.4
10.2

14*5
10.2

9.6

9.4

9.4

38.6

38.4
25.0

39.0
25.6

25.4

2.3
1.4
(1)
9.0
6.7

9.5

4.7
25.5
16.1

25.8
15.9

36
37
38
39
40

51
52

53
54

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
B-7: Employees on nonagrieultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Contract construction

Mining

State and area

Mar.
1970

Manufacturing

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

,021.0
105.6
57.7
29.1
,495.0
159.8
180.9
45.6
73.1
134.6
50.9
73.3

2,994.0
101.1
57.6
29.3
1,493.5
149.6
183.6
45.7
73.1
123.5
50.7
72.1

3,049.1
104.1
59.1
30.2
1,534.4
164.0
186.7
46.1
72.7
130.4
50.1
73.0

11.8
(1)
(1)
(1)
1.2
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

11.8
(1)
(1)
(1)
1.1
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

12.1

98.8
2.6.
1.8
1.1
50.3
6.7
6.6
1.9
3.1
4.7
1.6
3.4

94.9
2.6
1.8
1.0
48.1
6.2
6.6
1.9
3.1
4.8
1.5
3.4

1,298.6
55.1
790.6

1,294.2
54.6
787.3

1,252.1
53.9
763.6

13.5
(1)

13.6
(1)
(1)

13.2
(1)

59.8,
2.2
38.1

571.9
89.5

569.9
89.2

557.0
89.4

6.0
.7

6.0
.7

5.7
.7

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

109.9
2.6
1.8
1.2
58.1
6.4
8,0
1.9
3.2
5.7
2.1
3.5

Mar.
1970
1,112.6
35.2
25.3
11.0
572.9
83.9
70.5
18.5
29.4
41.0
27.6
32.3

1,099.8
31.4
25.4
11.3
577.8
73.9
72.8
18.8
29.6
30.1
27.6
31.3

1,176.4
37.1
27.1
12.3
608,2
90.6
76.8
19.2
30.0
39.1
26.2
33.4

59.3
2.0
37.8

55.4
2.1
35.1

323.1
10.5
218.2

324.3
10.4
218.4

323.3

32.6
5.2

31.9
5.1

26.8
5.5

179.6
13.1

179.6
13.2

179.5
14.4

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
3
9
10
11
12

MICHIGAN....
Ann Arbor
Battle Creek . .
Bay City
Detroit
Flint
Grand R a p i d s . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jackson . . .
Kalamazoo. . . « . . « . « * • • •»»_
Lansing
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights . .
Saginaw

13
14
15

MINNESOTA . . . . . . .
Duluch-Superior.
Minneapolis-St. P a u l .

16
17

MISSISSIPPI
Jackson . .

18
19
20
21
22

MISSOURI. . .
Kansas City
St. J o s e p h . .
St. Louis . ,
Springfield .

1,662.4
515.7
32.2
897.7
54.5

1,649.5
512.5
32.1
887.6
55.2

1,647.9
505.7
31.3
900.5
54.1

9.0
.6
(2)
2.2
.1

8.8
.6
(2)
2.2
.1

8.9
.5
(2)
2.4
.1

71.8
25.1
1.9
40.1
2.7

68.2
23.9
1.9
38.6
2.8

66.7
23.9
1.5
38.5
2.6

447.0
129.7
10.1
280.1
14.7

440.2
129.1
10.0
272.5
15.2

461.1
130.0
9.9
293.8
15.1

23
24
25

MONTANA . .
Billings . . .
Great Falls .

188.0
26.7
23.2

187.9
26.9
23o2

188.1
26.8
23.3

6.3
(1)
(1)

6.3
(1)
(1)

5.8

(D
(D

6.6
.9
1.0

6.9
.9
1.0

7.3
1.1
1.2

22.9
2.7
2.9

23.1
2.9
2.9

23.7
2.6
3.1

26
27
28

NEBRASKA.
Lincoln . .
Omaha . . .

475.4
71.2
206.1

471.6
71.1
205.0

459.7
69.3
197.5

1.7

1.6

23.8
3.3
11.5

22.6
3.3
10.6

20.9
3.4
9.6

84.2
10.5
39.7

84.7
10.5
40.4

84.3
10.7
38.8

29
30
31

NEVADA . .
Las Vegas
Reno

192.0
108.1
52.9

190.5
107.8
52.0

180.9
100.4
49.0

3.9
.2
.2

3.9
.2
.2

3.7
.2
.2

11.5
6.9
3.2

11.1
6.9
3.0

10.2
5.9
2.9

8.1
4.2
2.9

8.0
4.1
2.8

7.6
3.8
2.7

32
33

NEW HAMPSHIRE.
Manchester

250.6
48.6

250.3
48.6

249.7
48.6

.3
(1)

.2
(1)

.3
(1)

9.7
2.2

10.0
2.2

10.6
2.5

94.9
16.5

95.8
16.6

99.0
17.1

2,588.8 2,560.1 2,518.5
60.8
60.5
58.3
251.5
249 „ 2
244.7
270,5
268 o 2
262.3
792.6
782.4
783.5
500 o 2
494 o 3
490.6
273.9
271.8
261.2
132.1
132-1
130.1

3.1

3.0

3.2

111.3
3.5
13.1
7.1
29.3
20.3
12.5
4.1

103.0
3.4
12.1
6.7
28.0
19.1
12.1
3.9

103.2
3.2
11.8
6.2
29.7
19.8
11.2
3.5

884.0
10.9
75.7
112.2
253.1
190.3
113.6
40.3

878.3
11.0
75.8
112.4
250.1
187.4
113.6
40.9

894.7
11.0
77.5
111.9
259.4
194.4
113.2
41.4

16.9
(1)

16.4
6.5

15.8

15.8
5.7

20.6
9.0

20.9
9.1

19.3
8.1

7.5

233.7
11.8
3.7
16.3
1.2
11.5
35.1
225.5
156.3
101.6
13.G
2.7
8.9
2.4
16.9

220.9
11.6
3.3
15.3
lol
11.0
30.8
213.1
147.3
98.1
12.6
2*6

229.6
10.7
3.7
16.4
1.4
12.6
33.1
219.1
152.1
100.5
14.0
2.8
8.8
2.6
15.8

1,833.5
62.3
43.9
174.7
15.6
133.4
157.5
1,737.1
1,068.0
816.9
146.1
15.4
65.3
41.3
7.8.1

,826.6
'62.1
44.0
175.0
15.7
132.5
158.8
,721.5
,058.0
809.3
145.4
15.3
66.3
40.0
74.6

1,876.2
64.0
45.1
178.0
16.0
134.6
166.1
,771.4
1,092.5
832.5
147.2
15.8
66.3
44.1
78.1

NEW JERSEY
Atlantic City
,
Camden 6
Jersey City7
Newark 7
,
Paterson-Clifton-Passaic 7
7
Perth Amboy
Trenton

NEW MEXICO
Albuquerque

44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

NEW YORK
Alhany-Schenectady-Troy . . . .
Binghamton . . « . . « • • • • . • •
Buffalo
.
Elmira
Monroe County6
Nassau and Suffolk Counties 9
New Yoik-Northeastem New Jersey
New York SMSA 1
New York City 9 . . . . . .
Rochester
,
Rockland County 9
Syracuse................
Utica-Rome
,
Westchester County9 . . . . . . .

(D

(2)

(1)
.8

(D
(D
(D
(D
CD
(D
(D

(D

1.5
(2)

.1

.1

.1

.9
.4
.8
(1)

.9
.4
.8
(1)

.9
.4
.8

287.9
106.0

286.8
105.2

279.6
100.9

16.8
(1)

16.8
(1)

7,153.5
272.4
104.0
498.2
37.8
303.3
698.7
6,708.6
4,871.4
3,811.6
343.5
56.9
224.6
112.4
304.2

7,096.4
269.9
103.5
496.0
37,9
302.1
691.3
6,641.5
4,824.8
3,781.6
342.5
56.7
224.7
110.9
295.2

7,074.8
269O7
104.2
495.2
38.4
302.5
683.7
6,609.1
^,812.8
3,779.4
341.6
56.3
221.0
114.6
293.4

7.6
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
4.6
2.5
2.0

7.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
4.7
2.5
2.1
(1)
(1)

(D
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




(2)

CD
(D

CD

(D
(D
(D
CD
(D
(D
4.5
2.4
1.9

(1)

(D
(D
(D
(D

(D

(1)

CD

6.4

8.7
2.3
15.7

10,
218,

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division—Continued
(In thousands)

Transportation and
public utilities
Mar.
1970
146.8
2.7
2.6
1.6
78.2
5.6
9.7

Wholesale and retail trade

Feb.
1970
147.3
2.7
2.6

13.9

5.9

9.8

9.8

A o
'+o J

/, o
H. J

2.5

2.5

A

o

3.5
2.6
4.6

57.0

87.9
6.5
57.0

30.1
5.6

124.6
50.9

6.7

289.8
21.8
43.2

288.8
22.2
41.7

Q O
O. J

3.6
2.6
4.5

87.9

8.9
6.8

Service s

Mar.
1970
114.4
2.1
3.2
.7
66.5
4.2
7.1

Feb.
1970
114.0

Mar.
1969
113.1

2.1
3.2
.8

2.1
3.3

(7.2

.7
65.8
4.1
7.4

2.2
5.2
1,3
2.7

2.2
5.2
1.3
2.7

2.2
4.9
1.2
2.6

63.9
2.0

60.4

47.4

63.5
.2.0
47.0

44.6 t

Government
Mar.
1970
547.9
38.3
7.9
4.2
221.7
20.6
16.7
e. o
O. i.

Feb.
1970
545.2
37.9

Mar.
1969
526.3
37.2

7.9
4.2

7.9
3.9

13.1
21.0

12.9
20.5

66.1
4.2

219.7
20.7
17.0

13.7
43.9
5.4

13.6
43.7
5.4

219.2
18.3
16.7
6.2
13.3
41.8

8.2

8.2

200.5
10.3
130.1

231,4
10.1
104.2

229.2
10.1
102.8

220.1
99.9

13
14
15

Mar.
1970
405.6
10.9

Feb.
1970
402.4
10.7

7.8
3.7

7.8
3.7

9.8
7.6
3.7

212.6
16.9
27.0

212.5
17.3
27.0

214.9
16.5
26.2

n -I
J . JL

o i.
Oo 9

13.2
20.2

2.5^

3.5
2.6
4.6

9.0
6.6

-Mar.--. ••
1970
583.1

1.6
I 7 8 . 4 ~ 1 78.6
5.6

Mar.
1969
567.2
12.6

291.7
22.0
43.4

2.7
2.5
1.6

Feb.
1970
578.6
13.7

9.1
6.7

Mar.
1969
147.2

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

C
1
J . JL

r ft
_>. U

9.1
16.2

9.0
15.1

8.7
14.8

5.3
8.9

5.3
8.8

5.2
8.4

209.1
10.9
138.6

208.0
10.9
137.9

Mar.
1969
396.9

c. 9
O. i.

5.0
7.7

1
2
3

4
5
6
7
ft
o
9
10
11
12

7.0

7.0

7.8

13.1

13.0

12.9

84.8
6.4
56.3

309.9
12.7
18:7.0

308.4
12.8
186.4

294.5
12.7
179.1

30.0

29.5

102.9
20.6

101.9
20.4

20.5

19.7

5.6

103,9
20.9

20.5

5.6

6.8

6.8

6.7

65.6
16.1

65.3
16.1

64.5
15.6

133,7
21.2

133.7
21.1

129.5
20.5

16
17

123.8
50.8

124.1
50.6

363.8
124.5

365.8
124.3

363.7
122.5

89.8
32.8
1.3
47.2

88.9
32.6

87.3
31.4

260.0
79.7

257.9
79.2

254.3

295.9
72.0

281.8
69.5

1.3

1.3

4.6

4.6

4.5

46.1

150.9

150.1

4.5
145.6

4.6

46.9

296.4
72.4
4.7
123.4

122.9

122.7

2.2

2.2

2.4

9.0

9.1

8.9

8.2

8.1

7.9

18
19
20
21
22

7.9
1.5
1.4

7.7

31.5

30.5
5.4

51.6

51.7

5.5
4.8

31.4
5.5

51.6

1.4
1.4

4.8

4.6

5.0
5.0

5.0
5.0

4.9
5.0

23
24
25

27.4
5.1
15.8

80.6
11.6
36.3

79.6
11.8
36.0

78.3
10.9
35.0

99.7
20.7
29.6

99.2
20.7
29*6

97.9
20.1
29.0

26
27
28

2.1

2.1

2.0

7.5

7.6

7.6

66.6

66.0

66.0

4.3

4.3

4.3

187.2
13.3

188.4
13.4

185.4
12.8
1

16.6

16.6

17.2

44.6

44,1

44.2

7.9

2.7
2.1

2.7

2.1

2.8
2.0

8.4
6.0

8.4
6.0

8.6
6.0

1.5
1.4

36.3

36.2

36.0

4.8

4.9

20.7

20.8

20.2

120.1
15.0
51.6

118,5
14.8
50.7

113.5
14.3

29.1

4.9

13.7

13.6

13.0

7.2

6.6

4.7

7.1
4.7

36.3
20.0
11.7

35.9
19.8
11.5

11.6

11.6

11.1

3.6

3.6

3.3

49.0
11.4

179.2

177.8

170.1

3.6

3.6

3.3

62.0
25.5
13.9

13.2
37.8
61.8
25.1
13.6

12.5
35.2
60.0
25.2
12.2

6.8

6.8

6.6

20.1

20.0

19.6

6.5

6.4

6.3

503.1
15.4

501.4
15.3

491.0
15.3

4.6

4.6

4.6

32.2

32.2

31.7

1.6

1.6

1.6

10.5
32.1
521.3
382.2
328.1
12.3

10.9
31.8
519.0
380.6
326.8
12.6

11.3
29.3
504.9
372.3
322.0
13.0

•

5.3

29.0
5.3

49.1

16.8

16.8

33.7
18.3
10.5

7.4

7.3

3.7
3.0

3.6
3.0

7.0
3.5
2.9

74.5
49.9
17.3

74.2
50.1
16.9

70.2
46.6
15.9

36.6
16.0
9.9

36.5
16.0

35.5
15.5

29
30

9.9

9.3

31

48.1
11.3

46.5
11.3

10.6

10.5

10.0

37.8

37.6

37.0

36.7

36.5

35.2

2.9

2.9

2.8

8.0

8.0

7.8

4.0

4.0

3.8

32
33

524.1
15.2
56.5
44.2
153.4
120.9
51.7
20.6

496.4

117.4

116.3

112.1

14.7
53.8
41.5

2.9
8.8
9.6

2.9

2.8
8.8
9.0

400.0
14.1

5.6
4.9

5.6
4.9

5.6
4.5

359.7
10.4
45.3
27.0
100.2
51.2
43.6
27.1

28.3

133.6
72.9
31.0
28.0

365.6
10.4
45.5
28.8
103.5
51.2
44.0
27.2

34
35
36
37

56.3
17.7

383.8
13.1
36.2
30.2
129.1
70.7
28.5
27.2

355.0
10.2
44.0

149.9
114.2
49.5
20.1

397.9
14.0
37.3
30.6
132.2
72.6
30.8
27.9

100.6
48.9
40.2
26.8

40
41

59.8
25.1

59.7
25.1

57.6
24.5

12.6

12.5

11.6

6.3

6.2

6.0

52.8
25.9

52.6
25.7

51.6
25.1

88.8
26.7

88.5
26.3

87.2
25.2

42
43

1,417.7 1,412.4
52.0
51.5
17.3
17.3
99.8
100.3
7.4
7.6
53.8 .
53.5
172.8
177.8
1,360.9 1,350.4
990.7
995.3
738,8
746.2
60.8
60.5

601.8
10.7

598.5
10.6

580.8
10.3

1,346.1
45.2
11.6
75.4
5.7
47.9
123.1
1,261.7
993.6
797.7
51.7

1,337.7
44.8
11.5
74.9
5.6
47.9
122.0
1,253.4
987.2
794.3
51.7

1,301.2
44.6
11.4
72.8
5.6
46.0
118.2
1,219.9
961.8
775.3
50.2

1,195.2
74.4
19.6
80.0
5.2
35.1
140.2
977.8
750.3
549.5
47.6
15.0
38.9
26.6
45.6

1,186.1
73.6
19.6
79.3
5.3
34.9
139.9
965.9
744.0
543.0
47.5
15.1
39.1
26.9
45.9

1,176.1
73.3
19.0
78.0

44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

1,427.5
52.6
17.5
100.6
7.4

53.8
180.3
1,374.6
1,001.7
744.8
60.9

3.1

3.1

3.0

9.9

9.8

9.6

13.8
5.6
18.9

13.8
5.6
18.8

13.6
5.3
18.0

49.2
17.6
66.7

48.7

47.1
17.6
66.7




77.3

9.8

528.2
15.4
57.5
44.6
153.9
121.9
52.5
20.8

4.6

13.4
37.7

1.9

17.4
64.3

8.9 .
9.5
55.8
17.6

53.9
17.0

3.2

3.1

3.0

19.1
1.1
11.1
30.4
606.0
516.9
471.0
11.9
1.7
11.5
4.5
13.7

19.0

18.6

1.1

1.0

11.0
30.1
603.0
514.5
469.1
11.9
1.7
11.4
4.5
13.6

10.7
29.0
586.7
501.2
457.2
11.4

37.4
30.5

1.7

9.1

9.0

8.8

10.9

37.0

4.3

14.5
64.2

36.7
14.3

35.9
13.9
60.1

13.3

62.3

5.2

33.7
135.2
952.2
735.2
543.9
45.3
14,6
38.5
26.8
41.5

38
39

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
B-7: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Mining
State and area

Mar.
1970
1,739.6

Feb.
1970
1,738.4

Mar.
1969
1,720.2

177.6
258.2

176.8
258.6

157.7
41.4

Contract construction

Mar.
1970
3.6

Feb.
1970
3.5

Mar.
1969
3.5

Mar.
1970
95.5

92.8

Mar.
1969
92.5

175.9
253.8

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

11.7
13.9

11.3
13.6

12.0
13.1

157.2
41.2

151.9
39.3

1.7
(1)

1.8
(1)

1.7
(1)

6.7
2.6

6.4
2.6

3,902.6
249.0
135.8
508.4
867.1
376.1
335.4
243.6
196.1

3,870.2
247.6
136.0
495.4
861.7
373.9
334.7
240.8
194.9

3,812.9
241.3
133.3
491.2
851.1
362.2
327.8
235.6
193.2

20 3

3
.3
.4
1.6
.8
.5
.3
.3

19.9
.2
.3
.4
1.5
.7
.5
.3
.3

19.2
.2
.3
.4
1.7
.7
.5
.3
.3

165.4
8.3
5.2
20.9
36.2
16.9
12.1
9.6
9.0

OKLAHOMA . . .
Oklahoma City .
Tulia

757.8
253.0
178.4

759.2
252.6
179.3

735.3
243.3
170.5

38.4
6.8
13.0

38.9
6.8
13.1

40.3
6.6
13.8

OREGON .
Eugene..
Portland .
Salem . .

692.1
64.8
379.9
51.5

689.2
64.6
377.6
52.1

687.8
66.3
373.7
51.2

1.5
(1)
(1)

1.4
(1)
(1)
(1)

,348.8
216.8
48.2
97.3
171.6
78.9
118.9
,814.8
857.4
125.1
86.2
122.5
131.9

4,318.5
215.4
48.0
95.8
170.5
78.8
117.7
1,803.7
853.9
124.4
86.6
121.1
130.7

4,297.6
211.4
47.6
94.5
170.4
77.1
116.1
1,790.7
857.9
123.5
•84.8
119.0
126.8

39.2
.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
5.0
(1)
1.2
8.8
(1)
.5
2.4
(1)

RHODE ISLAND
.
Providence-PawtuckefVarwick ,

335.5
346.9

334.4
345.5

338.8
350.4

SOUTH CAROLINA.
Charleston.
, Columbia
Greenville

814.7
88.6
106.8
124.4

813.5
87.9
106.2
124.0

SOUTH DAKOTA
Sioux F a l l s . . .

169.8
33.4

NORTH CAROLINA
....
Asheville
Charlotte
GreeneboroHrinston-Salem-High Point
Raleigh

NORTH DAKOTA .
Fargo-Moorhead .

OHIO
Akron
Canton
Cincinnati'.
Cleveland
Columbus . . . . . . .
Dayton
Toledo . . . . . . . . .
Younf•town-Warren .

PENNSYLVANIA
AUentowa-Bethlehem-Easton
Altoona
Erie...
Harrisburg.
Johnstown
Lancaster
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Reading
Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton
York

TENNESSEE . .
Chattanooga. .
Knoxville . . .
Memphis
Nashville .

TEXAS . .
Amarillo .

Manufacturing
Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

697.9
19.3
41.8
109.8
14.4

702.0
19.2
42.0
111.1
14.3

709.8
20.4
43.5
111.6
14.2

5.3
2.1

9.0
2.9

8.9
3.0

8.7
2.9

158.6
8.0
5.0
19.9
. 35.2
16.0
U.6
9.1
8.7

! 158.8
8.1
4.9
20.9
35.9
16.8
12.3
9.7
8.1

1,444.6
100.7
60.9
172.6
307.7
91.8
131.0
83.5
88.1

1,441.2
100.9
62.1
163.8
309.1
92.7
132.4
83.0
88.3

1,457.0
100.0
61.9
169.7
314.3
L
92.0
133.1
83.0
90.6

35.2
12.4
8.1

35.7
12.4
8.3

34.0
11.7
8.2

132.1
37.3
44.0

132.7
37.0
44.8

124.6
33.5
42.0

1.3
(1)
(1)
(1)

24.9
2.4
15.5
2.2

25.4
2.3
15.8
2.3

30.1
2.8
18.5
2.6

165.9
17.1
87.5
8.1

166.7
16.9
87.9
8.5

173.1
19.0
88.5
8.2

39.2
.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
4.8
(1)
1.2
9.1
(1)
• .5
2.3
(1)

38.0
.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
4.9
CD
1.2
8.7
(1)
.5
2.4
(1)

186.2
'8.0
1.6
3.6
8.5
2.6
5.7
82.2
41.1
4.3
2.3
4.2
7.6

177.4
7.7
1.6
3.5
8.1
2.4
5.5
77.8
39.1
4.0
2.2
3.8
7.3

178.8
7.5
1.9
3.4
8.6
2.7
5.5
77.1
42.0
3.9
2.2
4.4
7.0

,549.0
106.9
16.0
43.2
39.6
25.9
55.5
567.2
280.5
59.2
53.1
62.0

,554.1
106.8
16.0
42.5
39.6
26.1
55.3
570.9
281.9
59.6
34.5
53.4
61.9

,570.8
105.4
15.6
42.9
39.8
25.5
55.6
580.6
286.0
60.1
34.8
52.4
60.4

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

12.0
12.3

11.7
12.0

12.3
12.3

123.5
139.2

124.3
139.6

127.6
143.7

803.3
88.8
104.5
120.7

1.7
(1)
(1)
(1)

1.7
(1)
(1)
(1)

1.6
(1)
(1)
(1)

48.3
6.1
7.0
10.2

47.5
6.1
6.9
9.9

47.9
6.1
7.1
9.2

334.5
16.2
19.6
55.1

336.0
15.9
19.3
55.1

338.2
16.0
19.6
55.6

169.1
33.2

164.7
33.0

2.1
(1)

2.2
(1)

2.2
(1)

5.6
1.4

5.6
1.3

5.5
1.3

15.4
5.9

15.7
5.9

15.6
6.0

,319.1
124.8
149.2
270.6
220.7

1,318.6
124.7
148.1
272.0
218.8

,284.1
126.7
147.8
267.9
212.7

,7.4
.2
1.8
.2
(1)

7.3
.2
1.7
.2
(1)

6.6
.2
1.8
.2
(1)

64.8
5.2
7.6
11.7
13.6

64.3
5.0
6.9
13.8
13.0

61.9
5.2
7.6
13.7
12.3

463.8
52.5
48.5
61.0
62.8

465.4
53.1
48.4
61.3
62.6

464.7
54.1
48.9
62.8
60.8

3,679.9

3,665.9

3,532.7

103.0

103.8

102.8

235.7

237.7

223.6

747.3
7.0
(*)
37.2
11.4

746.7
7.0
11.4
37.3
11.4

741.5
6.2
10.3
35.7
11.0

Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange
Corpus Christi

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




Feb.
1970

33.9

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division—Continued
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

Wholesale and retail trade

Services

Government

Mar.
1970
91.6

Feb.
1970
91.4

Mar.
1969
89.1

Mar.
1970
308.5

Feb.
1970
307.9

Mar.
1969
305.1

Mar.
1970
69.1

Feb.
1970
68.4

Mar.
1969
65.3

Mar.
1970
202.4

Feb.
1970
201.4

Mar.
1969
197.3

Mar.
1970
271.0

Feb.
1970
271.0

Mar.
1969
257.6

18.5
15.8

18.4
15.8

18.1
15.1

46.2
46.4

46.1
46.5

45.2
45.3

12.1
12.2

12.1
12.0

12.0
11.9

26.6
29.9

26.4
29.5

25.3
28.8

20.7
30.2

20.5
3001

19.8
28.0

1
2
3
4
5

11.2
3.0

11.3
3.1

11.9
3.1

43.1
12.1

42.7
12.0

41.1
11.8

6.9
2.4

6.9
2.4

6.7
2.2

29.0
8.7

28.9
8.6

27.8
8.1

50.0
9.7

50.3
9.6

48.7
9.2

6
7

225.2
14.9
6.8
36.0
52.8
21.9
12.6
16.7
9.8

224.2
14.8
6.8
35.8
52.5
21.8
12.5
16.7
9.8

215.0
14.5
6.7
34.4
50.2
20.3
12.1
16.3
9.7

764.5
48,3
26.3
105.9
180.7
77.4
60.5
51.6
36.7

756.7
47.7
26.0
105.1
179.1
76.5
59.9
51.2
36.3

736.4
46.9
24.8
101.8
175.5
75.3
57.5
49.7
34.5

154.4
6.7
4.6
25.8
41.3
25.3
9.7
8.1
5.6

153.9
6.7
4.6
25.8
41.2
25.3
9.6
8.1
5.6

147.6
6.5
4.4
25.0
39.7
23.1
8.9
7.7
5.3

557.6
33.6
18.6
77.9
135.0
62.1
49.1
37.9
26.0

551.1
33.2
18.4
77.1
133.1
61.4
48.6
37.2
25.6

532.2 .
31.1
17.7
73.2
128.4
58.5
45.3
36.0
24.5

570.6
36.2
13.0
68.8
112.0
80.0
59.9
35.8
20.6

564.6
35.9
12.8
67.6
110.0
79.4
59.6
35.2
20.4

546.6
34.0
12.4
65.8
105.4
75.4
58.2
33.1
20.1

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

52.5
17.3
16.7

52.7
17.3
16.7

48.5
16.6
12.0

165.1
56.1
39.4

164.9
56.2
39.4

161.2
54.2
39.2

36.5
15.5
9.5

36.4
15.5
9.4

35.0
14.7
8.9

108.0
37.0
29.4

107.6
36.7
29.3

105.5
35.5
28.3

190.0
70.6
18.3

190.3
70.7
18.3

186.2
70.5
18.1

17
18
19

48.4
4.0
30.7
1.8

48.8
4.0
30.8
1.8

48.6
4.2
30.1
1.8

158.9
12.9
92.3
10.3

156.9
12.9
91.7
10.4

153.5
12.9
90.2
10.4

35.5
2.9
24.1
3.2

35.3
2.9
24.1
3.1

34.4
2.8
23.5
3.1

110.3
9.5
67.7
7.8

108.1
9.5
66.2
7.9

106.2
9.1
63.7
7.5

146.7
16.0
62.1
18.1

146.6
16.1
61.1
18.1

140.6
15.5
59.2
17.6

20
21
22
23

270.9
11.8
7.5
5.2
13.4
4.8
5.4
110.6
59.7
6.5
5.0
6.7
6.3

267.8
11.8
7.5
5.1
13.1
4.8
5.4
108.8
59.2
6.4
5.1
6.7
6.2

264.3
11.7
7.7
5.1
13.1
4.7
5.3
105.9
58.7
6.3
5.0
6.6
5.8

806.6
35.6
8.4
17.3
31,9
13.4
22.5
369.1
168.4
19.5
17.2
21.4
24.4

800.2
35.3
8.4
17.1
31.9
13.7
22.2
365.9
168.9
19.4
17.2
21.0
24.0

796.3
34.5
8.2
16.3
32.5
13.0
21.0
362.9
168.6
19.1
16.8
20.4
22.9

188.4
6.5
1.2
3.6
8.6
2.3
2.8
100.6
37.6
4.8
2.6
4.0
2.8

187.3
6.5
1.2
3.5
8.6
2.2
2.8
100.0
37.4
4.7
2.5
4.0
2.8

180.3
6.2
1.2
3.3
8.4
2.1
2.7
97.5
36.3
4.6
2.6
3.8
2.7

677.0
27.2
7.0
13.1
25.0
12.3
16.2
314.7
155.8
16.7
14.4
14.7
14.8

671.3
26.9
6.9
13.0
24.8
12.3
16.0
312.9
155.0
16.5
14.4
14.3
14.7

653.0
26.4
6.9
12.4
24.5
12.1
15.9
302.3
151.9
16.2
13.6
13.9
14.4

631.5
20.3
6.5
11.3
44.6
12.6
10.8
269.2
105.5
14.1
10.3
16.0
14.0

621.2
19.9
6.4
11.1
44.4
12.5
10.5
266.2
103.3
13.8
10.2
15.6
13.8

616.1
19.2
6.1
11.1
43.5
12.1
10.1
263.2
105.7
13.3
9.3
15.1
13.6

24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

15.4
15.0

15.0
14.6

15.2
14.7

64.9
65.3

64.0
64.5

63.7
64.2

15*1
15.1

15.1
15.1

15.1
15.1

52.7
51.5

52.4
51.2

52.4
51.6

51.9
48.5

51.9
48.5

52.5
48.8

37
38

36.4
5.3
6.9
4.7

36.3
5.2
6.9
4.7

34.3
5.6
6.7
4.5

135.2
17.0
22.3
21.4

134.3
16.7
22.2
21.4

131.5
17.1
22.0
19.7

28.8
3.5
6.7
4.8

28.9
3.5
6.7
4.8

27.5
3.5
6.3
.4.5

82.3
10.4
14.0
12.7;

82.1
10.4
14.0
12.7

81.8
10.2
13.8
12.7

147.5
30.1
30.3
15.5

146.7
30.1
30.2
15.4

140.5
30.3
29.0
14.5

39
40
41
42

9.9
3.4

10.1
3.4

10.3
3.0

44.3
9.9

43.4
9.7

43.0
10.0

7.3
2.0

7.3
2.0

7.1
1.9

30.8
6.3

30.7
6.3

29.3
6.3

54.4
4.6

54.1
4.5

51.7
4.4

43
44

66.1
6.2
6.7
20.3
13.1

65.6
6.1
6.6
20.1
13.0

64.3
6.5
6.4
19.7
13.0

259.4
22.7
31.5
67.9
46.9

259.2
22.6
31.6
67.4
46.7

247.9
22.9
30.6
67.0
46.6

57.2
7.4
4.9
14.7
14.0

57.1
7.3
4.9
14.6
13.8

55.0
6.9
4.9
14.6
12.9

176.5
15.5
19.8
45.5
36.6

176.5
15.3
19.6
45.2
36.3

171.2
15.1
19.4
42.5
34.9

223.9
15.1
28.4
49.3
33.7

223.2
15.1
28.4
49.4
33.4

212.5
15.8
28.2
47.4
32.2

45
46
47
48
49

264.7

264.0

233.1

869.4

857.5'

827.0

191.4

190.5

178.9

600.4

596.5

568.7

668.0

669.2

657.1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
51
52
53
54




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
B-7: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Manufacturing

Mining

State and area

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

7.7

7.8

7.8

38.7

38.7

36.8

258.9

1.8

1.9

1.8

11.2

11.3

12.0

770.1

713.3

30.1

29.6

27.6

74.9

75.0

66.3

259.8

258.1

1.4

1.4

1.4

15.2

15.2

15.9

167.4
24.0
92.5
11.9
144.7
6.8
33.7
11.7
4.6

168.2
23.7
90.4
11.8
144.5
6.9
33.7
11.6
4.3

167.9
22.2
92.4
11.0
141.1
7.0
33.1
13.2
4.5

348.6
183.9

346.1
183.2

338.6
177.6

12.3
7.4

12.4
7.4

11.9
7.3

12.5
7.4

11.4
6.8

11.1
6.6

52.1
28.5

52.6
29.0

51.4
28.5

145.8
37.0
13.6

145.5
36.7
13.5

140.3
35.3
13.i

1.0

1.0

1.0

8.1

8.2

6.9

43.1
10.8
6.7

43.2
10.8
.6.7

43.2
10.7
6.5

1,436.0
52.1
95.7
196.4
250.4
235.0
80.7

1,431.8
51.9
95.8
195.0
249.2
234.7
80.6

1,405.9
49.3
94.6
193.1
243 o 3
227.8
77.9

15.1
(1)
(1)
(1)
.4
.2
.1

15.0
(1)
(1)
(1)
.4
.2
.1

13.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
.4
.2
.1

89.4
2.8
4.8
12.9
19.9
14.8
4.4

2.7
4.7
12.6
19.4
14.6
4.1

87.0
2.5
4.9
12.1
19.3
14.4
4.6

362.5
24.6
26.0
19.6
9.1
51.6
19.4

363.1
24.5
26.1
19.2
9.0
52.0
19.6

368.7
23.3
27.1
19.6
9.5
52.1
18.8

1,097.8
544.0
87.1
107.9

1,097.5
548.0
86.8
106.7

1,104.6
559.9
86.0
107.7

1.8
(1)
(1)
(1)

1.8
(1)
(1)
(1)

1.5
(1)
(1)
(1)

52.6
27.2
4.0
5.0

51.6
26.5
3.8
5.2

54.6
29.2
3.6
5.9

250.1
140,8
12.2
19.6

257.8
148.1
12.1
19.4

278.3
165.9
13.3
20.7

508.3
81.1
80.5
57.9

506.3
80.4
80.3
57.7

500.7
82.7
79.3
55.8

47.9
3.8
.5
4.9

47.5
3.8
.5
4.8

45.7
3.4
.5
4.0

22.5
3.5
3.1
3.1

21.9
3.2
3.0
3.2

22.4
4.0
3.6
3.5

127.8
17.1
26.1
15.7

127.7
17.1
26.2
15.7

129.2
19.1
25.0
15.4

1,516.0
53.5
35.2
29.6
121.7
570.3
54.7

1,506.5
53.5
34.6
29.3
120.8
569.6
55.0

1,480.8
51.9
31.8
29.0
116.9
560.8
53.6

2.2
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

2.1
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

2.0
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

56.5
2.1
1.2
1.2
6.0
20.3
1.4

56.3
2.2
1.1
1.2
5.9
20.4
1.4

58.1
2.5
1.2
1.0
5.4
21.8
1.5

505.4
16.6
16.5
8*4
16.1
210.0
25.1

501.4
16.7
16.0
8.2
16.2
210.7
25.5

512.2
16.2
14.1
8.5
16.5
212.5
24.9

103.5
19.1
17.8

102.1
19.0
17.7

99.2
19.2
17.2

11.0
3.7
(1)

Ilo2
3.7
(1)

11.4
3.9
(1)

4.4
.9
.7

4.3

4.9
1.1
.7

7.3
1.5
1.3

7.3
1.5
1.2

6.5
1.3
.9

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

665.5

662.4

632.1

264.6

263.0

772.9
259.5

UTAH
Salt Lake City

VERMONT.
Burlington 10
Springfield10

TEXAS (continued)
Dallas
El Paso
Fort Worth.
Galveston-Texas City .
Houston
Lubbock
San Antonio
Waco
i Wichita Falls

VIRGINIA 3
Lynchburg
Newport News-Hampton
Norfolk-Portsmouth. . .
Northern Virginia 1 1 . .
Richmond . . . . . . . . .
Roanoke
! WASHINGTON.
Seattle-Everett
Spokane
Tacoma
WEST VIRGINIA
Charleston
Huntington-Ashland. . .
Wheeling

WISCONSIN
Green Bay
Kenosha
La Ciosse .
Madison
Milwaukee
Racine

WYOMING
Casper. . .
Cheyenne

.7

Combined with services.
Combined with construction.
Federal employment in the Maryland and Virginia sectors of the Washington Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
included in data for the District of Columbia.
Area included in Chicago-Northwestern Indiana Standard Consolidated Area.
Revised to 1969 benchmark; not strictly comparable with previously published data.
Subarea of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
A.rea included in New York-Northeastern New Jersey Standard Consolidated Area.
Subarea of Rochester Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Subarea of New York Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Total includes data for industry divisions not shown separately. Services excludes agriculture, forestry, and fisheries.
Subarea of Washington, D. C. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
* Not available.
NOTE: Data for the current year are preliminary.
SOURCE: Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division.-Continued
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilit ies

Wholesale and retail trade

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

Services

Government

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
» 1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

53.6

53.0

50.3

174.5

172.6

162.4

54.6

54.3

50.0

100.4

99.4

92.5

68.6

68.3

64.5

15.4

15.3

15.1

60.6

61.0

57.8

12.2

12.1

10.9

36.7

36.5

35.5

34.2

34.5

33.4

66.6

66.6

52.6

185.6

185.1

176.0

40.1

39.8

37.2

140.1

139.5

129.2

90.8

90.0

83.3

11.0

11.0

11.1

63.0

63.1

61.8

16.1

16.1

16.4

44.6

44.7

43.6

74.5

74.6

74.8

23.1
15.3

22.9
15.2

22.7
14.9

75.6
48.2

74.8
48.0

74.3
47.2

14.6
10.8

14.5
10.6

13.7
10.4

55.8
30.1

55.0
30.0

52,5
28.6

102.6
36.1

102.5
36.2

101.1
34.1

10
11

7.8
1.8
.9

7.8
1.8
.9

7.5
1.7
.8

27.3
7.3
1.8

27.0
7.3
1.8

26.0
7.1
1.8

5.4
-

5.3
_
-

5.0
-

27.7
6.7
1.9

27.5
6.6
1.9

26.4
6.5
1.8

25.6
-

25.6
-

24.4
-

12
13
14

96.6
2.4
4.1
16.2
19.2
17.9
11.0

96.5
2.4
4.2
16.2
19.3
17.9
11.1

93.3
2.2
4.0
16.6
18.6
17.4
10.4

298.5
8.6
16.9
47.9
59.7
53.8
19.0

296.8
8.6
16.8
47.4
59.2
53.7
18.8

283.6
7.9
15.2
45.4
55.6
50.7
18.0

67.7
1.9
3.0
9.2
15.2
18.2
4.2

67.5
1.9
3.0
9.2
15.1
18.1
4.2

63.0
1.9
2.8
8.9
13.8
17.1
3.9

206.9
6.2
12.5
29.6
44.6
34.5
12.5

206.2
6.2
12.4
29.4
44.3
34.5
12.5

202.9
6.1
11.7
28.2
43.6
33.6
12.3

299.3
5.6
28.4
61.0
82.3
44.0
10.1

299.9
5.6
28.6
61.0
82.5
43.7
10.2

293.9
5.4
28.9
62.3
82.5
42.3
9.8

15
16
17
18
19
20
21

73.0
40.0
7.3
6.9

73.6
40.0
7.2
6.9

72.0
39.4
7.4
6.8

241.0
122.6
22.4
24.2

239.1
121.9
22.8
23.8

235.7
119.2
22.2
23.2

59.2
36.2
5.2
6.3

58.6
36.0
5.1
6.3

57.3
35.1
4.9
6.0

173.0
85.1
18.2
19.2

169.4
83.8
18.1
18.6

165.8
81.1
17.5
18.3

247.1
92.1
17.8
26.7

245 c 6
91.7
17.7
26.5

239.4
90.0
17.1
26.8

22
23
24
25

41.1
8.9
8.0
3.7

41.0
8.8
8.0

40.1
8.7
7.9
3.6

92.7
18.6
17.8
12.5

92.3
18.4
17.7
12.5

90.8
18.5
17.612.2

15.3
4.0
2.8
2.1

15.2
3.9
2.8
2.1

14.8
3.7
2.8
2.0

64.4
11.5
9.9
9.0

64.2
11.4
9.8
9.0

63.3
11.7
9.9
8.7

96.8
13.7
12,3
6.9

96.5
13.7
12.3
6.7

94.3
13.6
12.1
6.4

26
27
28
29

79.0
4.4
1.3
2.2
5.6
30.7
2.2

79.0
1.3
2.2
5.5
30.8
2.2

76.7
4.3
1.2
2.2
5.1
29.7
2.2

326.3
13.9
6.0
7.1
24.0
123.0
9.5

322.9
13.8
5.9
7.1
23.8
121.8
9.5

308.3
13.1
5.8
6.9
22.7
116.3
9.2

60.9
1.4
.7
.6
6.5
28.7
1.4

60.4
1.4
.7
.6
6.4
28.5
1.4

57.6
1.3
.6
.6
6.0
27.5
1.4

219.9
8.1
4.8
5.5
17.3
85.2
7.8

218.8
8.0
4.8
5.5
17.1
84.7
7.7

211.9
7.8
4.6
5.3
16.5
82.9
7.5

265.7
7.1
4.7
4.5
46.2
72.3
7.3

265.5
7.1
4.7
4.6
46.0
72.6
7.3

254.0
6.7
4.2
4.4
44.8
70.2
6.9

30
31
32
33
34
35
36

10.6
1.4
2.3

10.7
1.4
2.3

10.4
1.5
2.4

23.5
4.5
3.8

23.1
4.6
3.8

21.3
4.4
3.8

3.7
.8
1.0

3.7
.8
1.0

3.6
.8
.9

14.4
2.4
3.1

13.8
2.4
3.1

13.0
2.4
2.9

28.6
3.9
5.6

28.0
3.7
5.6

28.1
3.8
5.6

37
38
39

3.7

4.4




1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HISTORICAL HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-l:

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers
on private nonagricultural payrolls, 1947 to date

Average
weekly
earnings

Total private

1947
1948....
,
1949
•
1950
1951
1952....
1953
1954
1955
•
1956
,
1957......
1958.
,
1959
i960
..,
1961
,
1962
.,
1963
1964
...,
1965
....
1966
,
1967...
1968
"
.
1969
1969 April
May.......
June.•••••
July
August.•.•
September.
October...
November.•
December.•
1970:January...
February.•
March
April month
Year and

$45.58
49.00
50.24
53.13
57.86
60.65
63.76
64.52
67.72
70.74
73.33
75.08
78.78
8O.67
82.60
85.91
88.46
91.33
95.06
98.82
101.84
107.73
114.61
111.75
113.48
115.14
115.82
116.51
117.80
117.25
117.00
117.25
116.12
II6.87
117.92
117.98

$59.94
1947
65.56
1948
,
62.33
1949
....
67.16
1950
74.11
1951
1952
11*59
83.03
1953
82.60
1954
89.54
1955
95.06
1956
98.65
1957
96.08
1958
IO3.68
1959
105.44
i960
.,
106.92
1961..
IIO.43
1962
n4.4o
117.74
1963..
123.52
1964
130.24
1965
135.89
1966
143.05
1967
155.73
1968
154.78
1969.
....
155.30
150.88
1969 April
154.30
May
156.88
June......
July
157.91
August..•.
159.71
September.
160.58
October.••
160.58
November.•
158.58
159.75
December.•
160.65
1970; January...
160.60
February..
March.....
NOTE: April
Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning




Average
hourly
earnings

Average
weekly
hours

40.3
4o.o
39.4
39.8
39.9
39.9
39.6
39.1
39.6
39.3
38.8
38.5
39.0
38.6
38.6
38.7
38.8
38.7
38.8
38.6
38.0
37.8
37.7
37.5
37.7
30.0
38.1
38.2
38.0
37.7
37.5
37.7
37.1
37.1
37.2
37.1

Average
weekly
earnings

$1,131
1.225
1.275
1.335
1.45
1.52
1.61
1.65
1.71
1.80
I.89
1.95
2.02
2.09
2.14
2.22
2.28
2.36
2.45
2.56
2.68
2.85
3.04
2.98
3.01
3.03
3.04
3.05
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.H
3.I3
3.15
3.17
3.18

$49.17
53.12
53.88
58.32
63.34
67.16
70.47
70.49
75.70
78.78
81.59
82.71
88.26
69.72
92.34
96.56
99.63
102.97
107.53
112.34
114.90
122.51
129.51
127.58
128.61
129.65
129.20
129.51
132.84
131.87
132.36
134.89
131.93
130.94
132.40
131.80

1

Average
hourly
earnings

Average
weekly
earnings

$1,217
1.328
1.378
1.440
1.56
I.65
1.74
I.78
1.86
1.95
2.05
2.11
2.19
2.26
2.32
2.39
2.46
2.53
2.61
2.72
2.83
3.01
3.19
3.15
3.16
3.17
3.19
3.19
3.24
3.24
3.26
3.29
3.29
3.29
3.31
3.32

$51.76
56.36
57.25
62.43
68.48
72.63
76.63
76.19
82.19
85.28
88.26
89.27
96.05
97.44
100.35
104.70
108.09
112.19
II7.I8
122.09
123.60
132.07
139.59
137.20
138.69
139.44
137.83
139.33
143.45
142.42
142.14
145.53
142.04
140.24
142.10
141.45

40.4
1+0.0
39.1
40.5
40.6
40.7
40.5
39.6
40.7
40.4
39.8
39.2
40.3
39.7
39.8
40.4
40.5
40.7
41.2
41.3
40.6
40.7
40.6
40.5
40.7
40.9
40.5
40.6
41.0
40.7
40.6
4l.o
4o.l
39.8
46.0
39.7

3.7^
3.75
3.78
3,77

$58.87
65.27
67.56
69.68
76.96
82.86
86.41
88.91
90.90
96.38
100.27
103.78
108.41
113.04
118.08
122.47
127.19
132.06
138.38
146.26
154.95

164.56
181.64
174.46
179.92
181.34
I83.91
187.77
192.96
190.08
184.02
189.25
180.64
185.84
I89.ll
192.53

1959. Data for the 2 most recent months

38.2
38.1
37.7
37.4
38.1
38.9
37.9
37.2
37.1
37.5
37.0
36.8
37.0
36.7
36.9
37.0
37.3
37.2
37.4
37.6
37.7
37.4
38.0
37.6
38.2
38.5
38.8
39.2
39.3
38.4
37.1
37.7
35.7
36.8
37.3
37.9

Average
hourly
earnings

Average
weekly
earnings

$1,541
1.713
1.792
I.863
2.02
2.13
2.28
2.39
2.45
2.57
2.71
2.82
2.93
3.08
3.20
3.31
3.41
3.55
3.70
3.89
4.11
4.liO
4.78
4.64
4.71
4.71
4.74
4.79
4.91
4.95
4.96
5.02
5.06
5.05
5.07
5.08

40.5
40.4
39.4
41.1
41.5
41.5
4l.2
40.1
41.3
41.0
40.3
39.5
40.7
40.1
40.3
40.9
41.1
41.4
42.0
42.1
41.2
41.4
41.3
41.2
41.4
41.5
40.9
41.1
41.7
41.4
41.2
41.7
40.7
40.3
40.6
40.3

$1,278
1.395
1.453
1.519
1.65
1.75
1.86
I.90
1.99
2.08
2.19
2.26
2.36
2.43
2.49
2.56
2.63
2.71
2.79
2.90
3.00
3.19
3.38
3.33
3.35
3.36
3.37
3.39
3.44
3.44
3.45
3.49
3.49
3.48
3.50
3.51

$46.03
49.50
50.38
53.48
56.88
59.95
62.57
63.18
66.63
70.09
72.52
74.11
78.61
8O.36
82.92
85.93
87.91
90.91
94.64
98.49
102.03
109.05
115.53
113.08
114.34
115.31
116.22
116.51
118.00
117.51
118.21
119.60
117.99
117.69
II8.38
118.17

$38.07
1+0.80
42.93
44.55
47.79
49.20
51.35
53.33
55.16
57.48
59.60
61.76
64.41
66.01
67.41
69.91
72.01
74.28
76.53
79.02
8I.76
86.40
91.14
88.96
89.92
91.55
93.08
93.70
92.46
92.13
92.58
92.92
93.02
93.80
93.80
94.15

40.5
40.4
1+0.5
I+0.5
40.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.4
39.1
38.7
38.6
38.8
38.6
38.3
38.2
38.1
37.9
37.7
37.1
36.5
36.O
35.6
35.3
35.4
35.9
36.5
36.6
35.7
35.3
35.2
35.6
35.1
35.0
35.0
35.0

Average
weekly
hours

Average
hourly
earnings

Nondurable goods

Wholesale and
retail trade

Contract construction

$1,469
1.664
1.717
1.772
1.93
2.01
2.14
2.14
2.20
2.33
2.46
2.47
2.56
2.61
2.64
2.70
2.75
2.81
2.92
3.C5
3.19
3.35
3.59
3.55
3.57
3.55
3.58
3.59
3-63
3.68
3.70
3.70

Average
weekly
hours
Durable goods

Manufacturing

Mining

40.8
39.4
36.3
37.9
38.4
38.6
38.8
38.6
40.7
40.8
40.1
38.9
40.5
40.4
40.5
40.9
41.6
41.9
42.3
42.7
42.6
42.7
43.1
43.6
43.5
42.5
43.1
43.7
43.5
43.4
43.4
43.4
42.4
42.6
42.5
42.6

Average
weekly
hours

40.2
39.6
38.9
39.7
39.5
39.7
39.6
39.0
39.9
39.6
39.2
38.8
39.7
39.2
39.3
39.6
39.6
39.7
40.1
40.2
39.7
39.8
39.7
39.4
39.7
39.9
39.8
39.9
4o.o
39.7
39.8
40.0

39.2
39.1
39.2
39.0

$1,145
250
295
1.347
1.44
1.51
I.58
1.62
I.67
1.77
I.85
1.91
1.98
2.05
2.11
2.17
2.22
2.29
2.36
2.45
2.57
2.74
2.91
2.87
2.88
2.89
2.92
2.92
2.95
2.96
2.97
2.99
3.01
3.01
3.02
3.03

Finance, insurance, and
real estate

$0,940
1.010
1.060
1.100
1.18
1.23
1.30
1.35
1.40
1.47
1.54
1.60
1.66
1.71
1.76
1.83
1.89
1.96
2.03
2.13
2.24
2.40
2.56
2.52
2.54
2.55
2.55
2.56
2.59
2.61
2.63
2.61
2.65
2.68
2.68
2.69

$43.21
45.48
47.63
50.52
54.67
57.08
59.57
62.04
63.92
65.68
67.53
70.12
72.74
75.14
77.12
80.94
84.38
85.79
88.91
92.13
95.46
I
1
106.85
107.30
108.70
107.96
108.04
108.41
109.07
110.86
110.26
111.07
112.48
112.18
111.50

37.9
37.9
37.8
37.7
37.7
37.8
37.7
37.6
37.6
36.9
36.7
37.1
37.3
37.2
36.9
37.3
37.5
37.3
37.2
37.3
37.0
37.0
37.1
37.1
37.0
37.1
37.1
37.0
37.0
37.1
37.2
37.0
36.9
37.0
36.9
36.8

$1,140
1.200
1.260
1.340
1.45
1.51
1.58
1.65
1.70
1.78
1.84
I.89
1.95
2.02
2.09
2.17
2.25
2.30
2.39
2.47
2.58
2.75
2.92
2,88
2.90
2.93
2.91
2.92
2.93
2.94
2.98
2.98
3.01
3.04
3.04
3.03

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers 1
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry
Average weekly earnings

sic

Industry

Apr.
1970

Code

MINING

160. 60

METAL MINING
Iron ores
,
Copper ores
COAL MINING
Bituminous coal and lignite mining . . .
OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION
Crude petroleum and natural gas fields.
Oil and gas field services
NCNMETALLIC MINERALS, EXCEPT FUELS

Crushed and broken stone
CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION

15
16
161
162
17
171
172
173
174
176

192.53

GENERAL BUILDING C O N T R A C T O R S .
HEAVY CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTORS .

Highway and street construction
Heavy construction,^ ec
SPECIAL TRADE CONTRACTORS
Plumbing, heating, air conditioning. . .
Painting, paper hanging, decorating...
Electrical work
Masonry, stonework, and plastering . . .
Roofing and sheetmetal work

Apr.
1969

Average hourly earnings

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

lieb.

1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

$3. 18

$3. 17

$3.15

$2.98

2.97

3.78
3.77
3.84
3.78
4.45
4.50
3.56
3.81
3.40
3.37
3.26

3.75
3.76
3.82
3.77
4.40
4.45
3.53
3.80
3.37
3.36
3.24

3.55
.60
3.
.65
3.
.62
3.
4.. 12

4.16
3.39
3.61
3.26
3.21
3.15

3.52
3.53
3.61
3.49
4.07
4. 11
3.40
3.58
3.29
3.15
3.06

5.07
4.83
4.69

4. 10
5.01
5. 38
5.48
5.01
5.85
5.18
4.82

5.05
4.83
4.64
4.01
4.97
5.36
5.47
4.97
5.82
5.16
4.78

4.64
4.47
4.24
3.95
4.46
4.93
5.03
4.63
5.45
4.82
4.36

4.62
4.45
4. 20
3.80
4.44
4.91
5.00
4.64
5.37
4.73
4.36

Apr.
1970

160.65
162.86
164.35
167.83
180.67
183.60
152.01
153.54
150.28
147.94
147.35

159.75
159.80
158.15
167.77
180.40
182.90
153.56
154.28
153.34
145.15
142.24

154.78
156.60
153.30
167.97
169.74
172.64
148.48
149.09
148.00
148.30
149.63

148.54
152.50
152.34
160.19
157.10
159.47
146.20
146.06
146.41
139.86
138.92

3.77

189.11
176.30
188.54
158.67
205.91
196.91
209. 34
177.86
234.59
173.53
158.10

185.84
174.36
185.60
154.39
202.78
193.50
206.77
173.45
232.22
166.67
151.05

174.46
161.37
173.84
161.56
182.86
182.41
195.16
167.14
217.46
166.29
145.19

171.86
161.54
171.36
152.00
183.37
178.72
193.00
164.72
211.58
155.62
144.32

5.08

DURABLE GOODS.

131.80
141.45

132.40
142.10

130.94
140.24

127.58
137.20

127.39
137.45

3.32
3.51

3.31
3.50

3.29
3.48

3.15
3.33

3.13
3. 32

NONDURABLE GOODS

118. 17

118.38

117.69

113.08

113. 15

3.03

3.02

3.01

2.87

2.85

147.02
()
*

146.88
142.61
176.38
122.70

145.25
140.30
172.62
121.21

138.11
135.26
165.95
117.56

137.23
133.60
162.99
116.70

3.63
(*)

3.60
3. 53
4.15
3.13

3.56
3.49
4. 11
3.10

3.41
3.39
3.97
3.03

3.38
3.34
3.89
3.00

112.97
110. 04

112.46
107.80
110.94
120.50
118.08
122.59
91.33
89.40
101.56

111.79
106.08
109.31
120.90
117.39
123.00
93.60
91.34
101.56

106.13
102.51
105.46
113.24
110.54
114.81
90.68
88.91
97.58

107.86
102.62
105.85
118.56
110.83
124.83
89.82
87.89
97. 82

2.86
2.80

2.84
2.75
2.83
3.02
3.02
2.99
2.36
2.31
2.52

2.83
2.72
2.81
3.03
3.01
3.00
2.40
2.33
2.52

2.64
2.55
2.63
2.81
2.82
2.78
2.25
2.19
2.38

2.65
2.54
2.62
.85
2.
.82
2.
.85
2.

105.69
98.82
94.47
104.98
105.84
123.53
133. 13
113.37

104.49
98.05
93.27
103.02
105.18
121.81
128.38
114.05

103.46
97.36
93.38
104.15
103.21
123.65
126. 14
107.56

103.42
97.93
93.71
104.28
102. 43
121.96
124.53
108.80

2.71
2.56
2.41
2.77
2.80
3.05
3. 32
2.87

2.70
2.56
2.41
2.74
2.79
3.03
3.25
2.88

2.58
2.44
2. 30
2.65
2.66
2.93
3. 13
2.73

2.56
2.43
2.28
2.62
2.64
2.89

137.12
181.04
142.07
148.04
133.90
168.47
112.84
105.32
114.05

134.15
173.06
135.41
138.17
131.45
165.20
108.74
100.10
116.03

131.57
168.49
131.05
136.28
123.11
150.23
108.79
103.25
113.72

129.27
163.51
133.08
139.19
124.12
148.26
106.92
100.28
113.88

3. 32
4. 28
3.44
3.55
3.29
4.04
2.80
2.62
2.97

3.28
4.16
3.36
3.42
3.27
4.00
2.76
2.58
2.96

3.14
4.06
3.26
3.39
3.07
3.56
2. 66
2.50
2.85

3.10
3.94
3.23
3. 33
3.08
3.53
2.64
2.47
2.84

144. 39

137.52

135.29

138.79

131.82

3.35

3.29

3.26

3.14

3.08

137. 86

137.12
136.86

135.30
131.53

130.62
127.19

131.15
129.20

3.33

3.32
3.43

3.30
3.39

3.14
3.22

3.13
3.23

MANUFACTURING
19,24,25,
32-39
20-23,26-31

Feb.
1970

$117.98 $117.92 $116.87 $111.75 $111.67

TOTAL PRIVATE

10
ioi
102
11,12
12
13
131,2
138
14
142

Mar.
1970

,

Durable Goods
19
192
1925
1929

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES

24
242
2421
243
2431
2432
244
2441,2
249

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS

25
251
2511
2512
2515
252
254
253,9

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES

32

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS • •

321
322
3221
3229
324
325
3251
326
327
328,9
3291

Ammunition, except for small arms . .
Complete guided missiles
Ammunition, exc. for small arms, nee

Sawmills and planing mills
Sawmills and planing mills, general.
Millwork, plywood & related products.
Millwork . .
Veneer and plywood
Wooden containers
Wooden boxes, shook,and crates . .
Miscellaneous wood products

Household furniture
Wood household furniture
Upholstered household furniture
Mattresses and bedsprings . . . . . .
Office furniture
Partitions and fixtures
Other furniture and fixtures

Flat glass
Glass and glassware, pressed or blown
Glass containers
Pressed and blown glass, n e e . . . . .
Cement, hydraulic
Structural clay products . .
Brick and structural clay tile. . . .
Pottery and related products
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster
products
Other stone and nonmetallic mineral
products
Abrasive products

122.92
91.01
102.36
105.38
98.43

115.15
139.36

139.73

169. 29
114. 09

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




3.05
2.37
2.54
2.73
2.57

2.93
3.35
3.45
4.05
2.81

2.24
2. 17
2.38

3. 09
2.72

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2: Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers1
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry
Average overtime hours

Average weekly hours

sic

Industry

p
1970

Code

Iron ores
Copper ores

37. 1

37.5

42.5
43.2
42. 8
44.4
40.6
40.8
42.7
40.3
44.2
43.9
45.2

42.6
42.5
41.4
44.5
41. 0
41. 1
43.5
40.6
45.5
43.2
43.9

43.6
43.5

42. 0
46.4
41.2
41.5
43. 8
41. 3
45.4
46.2
47.5

37.3
36.5
40.2
38.7
41. 1
36.6
38.2
35. 5
40. 1
33.5
32.8

36.8

37. 8
34.9
39.9
32. 3
31.6

37.6
36. 1
41. 0
40.9
41. 0
37.0
38.8
36. 1
39.9
34.5
33.3

19,24,25,
32-39
20-23,26-3:

1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

42.2
43.2
42.2
45.9
38.6
38.8
43.0
40.8
44.5
44.4
45.4
37.2
36.3
40.8
40.0
41.3
36.4
38.6
35.5
39.4
32.9
33. 1

COALMINING- •

Bituminous coal and lignite mining . .
OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION

"SprT
1970

37.6

• • ••

•

Crude petroleum and natural gas fields
Oil and gas field services
NONMETALLIC MINERALS, EXCEPT FUELS|
Crushed and broken stone

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION
GENERAL BUILDING CONTRACTORS •
HEAVY CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTORS
Highway and street construction . . .
Heavy construction, n e e
SPECIAL TRADE CONTRACTORS
. .
Plumbing* heating, air conditioning.
Painting, paper hanging, decorating.
Electrical work
Masonry, stonework, and plastering. .
Roofing and sheet metal work

15
16
161
162
17
171
172
173
174
176

Mar.
1969

37. 2

METAL MINING

11,12
12
13
131,2
138
14
142

p
1969

42.6

MINING

102

1970

Feb.
1970

37. 1

TOTAL PRIVATE .

10
101

TJaTT

37.9

36. 1
40.0
38.5
40. 8
36.1

MANUFACTURING
,
DURABLE GOODS ...

39.7

40. 0

40.5
41.2

40. 7
41.4

3.0

3.0

2.7

3.0

3.0

3.5
3.6

3.5

40.6

39. 8
40. 3

2.8

40. 3

NONDURABLE GOODS

39.0

39.2

39. 1

39.4

39.7

2.8

3.0

3.0

3.2

3.2

40.5
(*)

40. 8
40.4
42.5

40. 8
40.2
42.0

40.5
39. 9
41. 8

40.6
40. 0
41.9

2.2
1.8

2.3
2.0

2.4
1.9

2.6
2.2

39.2

39. 1

38.8

38.9

39.6
39.2
39.2
39.9

39.5
39.0
38. 9
39. 9
39.0
41.0
39. 0
39.2
40.3

40.2
40.2
40. 1
40. 3

40.7
40.4
40.4
41.6
39.3
43.8

3.5
I
3. 1

3.5
316

3. 8
4. 1

4. 1
4.3

3.3

3.5

4.3

40. 3
40.6
41.0

40. 1
40.5
41. 1

2.8

3._2

3.5

3.3

3.4

3.9

4.0

39.0
38. 6
39.2
37.9
37.8
40.5
40. 1
39.5

38.7
38. 3
38. 7
37.6
37.7

40. 1
39.9
40.6
39.3
38.8
42.2
40.3
39.4

40.4
40.3
41. 1
39.8
38.8
42.2
40.3
40.0

2.4
2. 2

2.2
2.0

3. 1
3.0

3.2
3. 2

3.2
2.9
2.2

3. 3
2.7
2.5

4.7
3. 2
2.7

4.6
3. 1
2.9

41. 3
42.3
41.3
41.7
40.7
41. 7
40.3
40.2
38.4

40.9
41.6
40. 3
40.4
40.2
41.3
39.4
38.8
39.2

41.9
41.5
40.2
40. 2
40. 1
42.2

4. 1
4.0
4.6

4.0
3.7
4. 3

4.7
3.7
4. 3

4.5
3.8
4.5

40.9
41.3
39.9

41.7
41.5
41.2
41.8
40.3
42.0
40.5
40.6
40. 1

3. 3
3.4

3. 1
3.2

3.0
4.0

3.0
3.8

2. 2

2.5

2.8

2.8

43. 1

41.8

41.5

44.2

42.8

5.2

5. 1

6.9

6.1

41.4

41.3
39.9

41.0
38.8

41.6
39.5

41.9
40.0

3.6

3.6

3.8

4.0

3.7

Durable Goods
19
192
1925
1929

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES

24
242
2421
243
2431
2432
244
2441,2
249

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS
.
Sawmills and planing mills
Sawmills and planing mills, general
Millwork, plywood & related products.
Millwork
Veneer and plywood
Wooden containers
Wooden boxes, shook, and crates . . .
Miscellaneous wood products . . . . . .

25
251
2511
2512
.2515
252
254
253,9

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES

32
321
322
3221
3229
324
325
3251
326
327
328,9
3291

Ammunition, except for small arms .
Complete guided missiles
Ammunition, exc. for small arms, nec|

Household furniture
Wood household furniture
Upholstered household furniture. . .
Mattresses and bedsprings
Office furniture
Partitions and fixtures
. . ..
Other furniture and fixtures
STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS . .

Flat glass
Glass and glassware, pressed or blown
Glass containers
Pressed and blown glass, n e e . . .
Cement, hydraulic
Structural clay products
Brick and structural clay tile
Pottery and related products
Concrete, gypsum and plaster
products . .
Other stone'and nonmetallic mineral
products
Abrasive products

39.5
39.3
40. 3
38.4
40.3

38.6
38.3

39. 3
41.6
40.5
41.8
40.6

39. 1
41.0
38. 7
38. 7
40. 3

40. 2
39.5
39.6

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




39, 2

41. 3

3 7

i

-

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers1
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued
Average weekly earnings

sic

Industry

Code

Average hourly earnings

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

$155.94 $157.08 $157.08 $157.45 $155.82
163.21 164.02 166.76 162.29
()
*
165.20 165.62 169.70 164.79
148.83 149.24 147.42 147. 35
()
*
145.30 145.40 146.72 145.95
169.31 166.00 149.56 152.46
148.87 151.73 146.97 148.70
153.77 153.41 148.90 146.86
153.87
164.39 162.80 160.99 162.15
152.82 151.32 151.71 151.98
150.65
150.70 152.31 155.37 154.34
154.51 153.41 153.58 155.81
152.58 149.46 149.04 148.61
137.54 136.74 135.22 135.46
136.97
140.35 138.05 138.84 140.27
135.07 135.34 131.11 130.60
166.87 166.85 167.90 171.07
()
*
172.57 172.18 175.97 177.59

$3.86
()
*

$3.85
4.07
4.13
3.63
3.57
4.16
3.57
3.67
3.99
3.63
3.64
3.67
3.59
3.43
3.50
3.36
4.06
4.24

$3.85
4.06
4.12
3.64
3.59
4. 15
3.57
3.67
4.00
3.62
3.67
3.67
3.55
3.41
3.46
3.35
4.04
4.22

$3.74
3.98
4.05
3. 51
3.51
3.63
3.45
3.52
3.87
3.52
3.58
3.58
3.45
3.29
3.37
3.19
3.96
4.16

$3.71
3.92
3.99
3.50
3.50
3.63
3.45
3.48
3.87
3.51
3.54
3.59
3.44
3.28
3.38
3.17
3.96
4.13

3.46
3.93
3.29
3.26
3.31
3. 21
3.26
3.16
3.47
3.46
3.03
3.64
3.67
3. 33
3.44
3.38
3.49
3.79
3. 11
3.11
3.41
3.48

3.45
3.92
3.27
3.26
3.27
3.20
3.26
3.15
3.47
3.45
3.05
3.64
3.65
3.31
3.44
3. 37
3.50
3.74
3.10
3.09
3.40
3.47

3.29
3.83
3.18
3.07
3.26
3.07
3.11
3.04
3.23
3.21
2.82
3.42
3.42
3. 12
3.33
3.25
3.40
3.62
2.93
2.98
3.19
3.23

3.28
3.81
3. 18
3.08
3.25
3.06
3.12
3.00
3.23
3.20
2.81
3. 43
3.39
3.13
3. 32
3.22
3.41
3.58
2.93
2.97
3.17
3.20

3.74
4.05
4.04
4.06
3.67
3.72
3.87
3.47
3.63
3.39
4.13
4.01
4.52
3.77
3.74
3.48
3.61
2.98
3.70
3.69
3.61
3.75
3.38
3.67
3.65
3.66
3.34
3.37
3.61

3.72
4.04
4. 11
4.01
3.64
3.68
3.83
3.42
3.61
3. 37
4.11
3. 97
4.51
3.76
3.72
3.46
3.61
2.98
3.67
3.67
3.60
3.71
3. 34
3.67
3. 63
3. 64
3.29
3. 32
3.59

3.54
3.88
3.91
3.86
3.47
3.48
3.58
3.28
3.42
3.33
3.84
3.75
4. 14
3.56
3.57
3.30
3.43
2.83
3.51
3.53
3.39
3.65
3.25
3.52
3.52
3.51
3.21
3.26
3.41

3.52
3.81
3.92
3.77
3. 45
3.48
3.58
3.27
3.44
3.33
3.83
3.75
4. 11
3.54
3.55
3.29
3.39
2.80
3.55
3.52
3.39
3.63
3.22
3.53
3.49
3.49
3.20
3.25
3.39

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Apr.
1969

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Durably Goods—Continued
PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES

33
331

3312
332
3321
3322
3323
333,4
3334
335
3351
3352'
3357
336
3361
3362,9
339

3391

Blast furnace and basic steel products . .
Blast furnaces and steel mills
Iron and steel foundries
Gray iron foundries
Malleable iron foundries
Steel foundries
Nonferrous metals
Primary aluminum . . . . . . . • . . . • • •
Nonferrous rolling and drawing
Copper rolling and drawing
Aluminum rolling and drawing
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating
Nonferrous foundries
Aluminum castings.
Other nonferrous castings
Miscellaneous primary metal products . . .
Iron and steel forgings

34
341
342
3421,3,5
3429
343
3431,2
3433
344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446,9
345
3451
3452
346
347
348
349
3494,8

FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS

35
351
3511
3519
352
353
3531,2
3533
3-535,6
3537
354
3541
3544
3545
3542,8
355
3J51
3552
3555
356
3561
3562
3564
3566
357
3573
358
3585
359

MACHINERY, EXCEPT ELECTRICAL

Metal cans
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware
Cutlery and hand tools, incl.saws
Hardware, n e e
Plumbing and heating, except electric . . .
Sanitary ware & plumbers' brass goods.
Heating equipment, except electric.. . .
Fabricated structural metal products . . . .
Fabricated structural steel
Metal doors, sash, and trim
Fabricated plate work (boiler shops) . .
Sheet metal work
Architectural and misc. metal work . . .
Screw machine products, bolts, etc
Screw machine products
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers
Metal stampings
Metal services, n e e
Misc. fabricated wire products
Misc. fabricated metal products
Valves, pipe, and pipe fittings

Engines and turbines
Steam engines and turbines
Internal combustion engines, n e e . . . .
Farm machinery
Construction and related machinery
Construction and mining machinery. . . .
Oil field machinery
Conveyors, hoists, cranes, monorails. .
Industrial trucks and tractors
Metal working machinery
Machine tools, metal cutting types
Special dies, tools, jigs & fixtures . .
Machine tool accessories
Misc. metal working machinery
Special industry machinery
Food products machinery
Textile machinery
Printing trades machinery
General industrial machinery
Pumps and compressors
Ball and roller bearings
Blowers and fans
Power transmission equipment
Office and computing machines
Electronic computing equipment
Service industry machines
Refrigeration machinery
Misc. machinery, except electrical

142.04
169.88
134.64

()
*
141.00

()
*
160.16
126.77
123.07
138.85

155.25
164.02

154.38

("*)

146.23

(*)

149.29
131.04
152.82

3.69
3.63

3.45

()
*

141.86
170.96
133.25
133.01
133.72
127.12
128.77
125.45
140.19
140.82
116.96
150.70
147.53
133.20
142.42
139.59
144.49
158.04
127.20
125.64
140.15
143.38

140.42
168.56
130.80
131.70
129.49
126.40
127.79
125.37
139.15
140.42
115.60
149.97
144.91
130.75
143.10
138.17
147. 35
153.71
126.17
125.15
139.74
143.31

136.21
163.92
129.43
126.48
131.70
125.26
129.07
121.90
132.11
-131.65
111.95
142.96
141.25
126.98
143.86
138.13
149.26
150.23
119.84
121.58
132.70
135.01

136.45
162.69
131.33
129.98
132.60
124.24
130.10
119.10
132. 11
130.88
111.56
144.06
138.99
124.89
144. 75
138.14
150.72
150.00
120.72
122.07
132.51
134.08

3.49
3.96
3.30

157.45
166.05
157.56
170.11
148.64
156.61
164.86
145.74
151.01
136.28
182.13
173.63
209.73
156.83
159.32
147.20
153.43
122.78
156.51
153.87
150.54
155.63
140.27
153.77
150.38
153.72
134.27
135.14
152.34

155.87
164.83
164.81
164.81
147.42
154.56
162.01
145.01
150.54
134.46
180.02
170.31
207.46
155.29
158.10
146.01
154.51
120.99
155.61
153.04
151.20
152.85
139.28
155.24
148.47
151.42
130.28
131.47
151.50

150.80
162.18
162.66
161.73
139.84
148.94
152.51
141.04
147.74
144.86
170.11
164.63
189.61
152.37
154.58
139.92
142.69
118.01
148.47
149.32
141.02
156.59
134.23
151.71
147.84
151.63
132.25
135.94
146.97

151.36
162.31
166.60
160.60
140.76
149.99
153.58
140.28
150.67
145.19
171.20
165.75
190.70
154.34
153.01
141.80
145. 09
119.28
153.72
149.95
141.70
156.45
133.31
153.91
148.67
151.12
1.31.84
134.88
147.80

3.75
4.04

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




()
*

()
*
3.49

()
*
3.85
3. 13
3. 10
3.42

3.72

T*)
3.49

C*)
3~65
3~. 36
3.63

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers1
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued
Average weekly hours

sic

Industry

Apr.
1970

Code

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

Apr.
1970

Average overtime hours
Mar.
Feb.
Apr.
1970
1970
1969

Mar.
1969

3. 1
2. 3

3. 3
2.6

4. 1
3. 2

4. 0
3.0

4. 0

4. 2

4.9

5.0

4.4

4. 2

4.3

4. 3

4. 1

4. 1

5. 2

5. 3

2L9

2._9

3._9

4. 2

3. 5

3. 7

5. 2

5. 6

3.4
4. 5
2.9

3. 3
4. 1
2. 8

4. 0
4. 7
3. 1

4. 0
4. 3
3.4

2. 2

2. 2

3. 1

3.4

3. 1

3.0

3.5

3.4

3~ 6

379

5. 6

5. 8

3.
4.
3.
3.

3.5
4. 2
3.3
3.6

4.6
4. 1
3.6
3.9

4.4
4.4
3. 7
4. 1

4. 0
3. 7

4.0
3.6

4.4
4. 5

4. 7
5. 1

2. 6
4.0

2. 8
3. 8

2. 5
4.4

2. i
4. (

5. 8

5. 7

5. 8

6. 1

4. 3

4.8

Durable Goods—Continued
33
331
3312
332
3321
3322
3323
333,4
3334
335
3351
3352
3357
336
3361
3362,9
339
3391

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES

34
341
342
3421,3,5
3429
343
3431,2
3433
344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446,9
345
3451
3452
346
347
348
349
3494,8

FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS

35
351
3511
3519
352
353
3531,2
3533
3535,6
3537
354
3541
3544
3545
3542,8
355
3551
3552
3555
356
3561
3562
3564
3566
357
3573
358
3585
359

MACHINERY, EXCEPT ELECTRICAL

Blast furnace and basic steel products .
Blast furnaces and steel mills
,
Iron and steel foundries
Gray iron foundries
Malleable iron foundries
Steel foundries
Nonferrous metals
Primary aluminum
Nonferrous rolling and drawing
Copper rolling and drawing
Aluminum rolling and drawing
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating
Nonferrous foundries.
Aluminum castings
Other nonferrous castings
Miscellaneous primary metal products . .
Iron and steel forgings
Metal cans
.
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware. . . . .
Cutlery and hand tools, incl. saws. . .
Hardware, n e e
Plumbing and heating, except electric. .
Sanitary ware & plumbers' brass goods
Heating equipment, except electric . .
Fabricated structural metal products . . .
Fabricated structural steel
Metal doors, sash, and trim
Fabricated plate work (boiler shops). :
Sheet metal work
Architectural and misc. metal work . . .
Screw machine products, bolts, etc. . . .
Screw machine products
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers
Metal stampings
Metal services, n e e
Misc. fabricated wire products
Misc. fabricated metal products
Valves, pipe, and pipe fittings

40.4
(*)

7*)
41.7
41.5

39.7
(*)

40.7
42.9
40.8

40.4

41.6
40.5
39.7
40.6

......

Engines and turbines
Steam engines and turbines
Internal combustion engines, n e e . .
Farm machinery. . .
Construction-and related machinery. . . .
Construction and mining machinery . .
Oil field machinery
,
Conveyors, hoists, cranes, monorails. ,
Industrial trucks and tractors • . . . . . . .
Metal working machinery
Machine tools, metal cutting types. . .
Special dies, tools, jigs, & fixtures. . .
Machine tool accessories.
Misc. metal working machinery
Special industry machinery
Food products machinery. .
Textile machinery
Printing trades machinery
General industrial machinery
.
Pumps and compressors
Ball and roller bearings
Blowers and fans
Power transmission equipment
Office and computing machines
Electronic computing equipment
Service industry machines .
Refrigeration machinery
Misc. machinery, except electrical. . . .

40.6
**
—

41.5
—
—
(*)
—
—
_

41.9
_
(*)
—

40.9
-

39.0
-

42. 1

40. 8
40. 1
40. 0
41. 0
40. 7
40. 7
41. 7
41.9
41. 2
42. 1
41. 4
42. 1
42. 5
40. 1
40. 1
40. 2
41. 1
40. 7
41. 0
43. 5
40. 5
40. 8
40.4
39.6
39.5
39. 7
40.4
40. 7
38. 6
41.4
40. 2
40. 0
41.4
41.3
41.4
41. 7
40. 9
40.4
41. 1
41. 2

40. 8
40.4
40. 2
41. 0
40. 5
40. 0
42. 5
41. 8
40. 7
41. 8
41.5
41. 8
42. 1

41. 6
41.0
42. 1
41. 1
40. 7
40. 5
41. 1
41. 3

42. 1
41.9
41. 9
42. 0
41. 8
41.2
42. 6
42. 3
41. 6
43. 1
43.4
42. 9
43. 2
41. 1
41. 2
41. 1
42.4
42. 3
41.4
42. 8
40. 7
41. 2
40.4
40. 8
41.5
40. 1
40. 9
40. 7
39. 7
41. 8
41. 3
40. 7
43. 2
42. 5
43. 9
41. 5
40. 9
40. 8
41. 6
41. 8

42. 0
41.4
41. 3
42. 1
41. 7
42. 0
43. 1
42. 2
41. 9
43. 3
43. 6
43.4
43. 2
41. 3
41. 5
41. 2
43. 2
43. 0
41. 6
42. 7
41. 3
42. 2
40. 8
40. 6
41. 7
39. 7
40. 9
40. 9
39. 7
42. 0
41. 0
39. 9
43. 6
42. 9
44. 2
41. 9
41. 2
41. 1
41. 8
41. 9

42. 1
41.0
39. 0
41. 9
40. 5
42. 1
42.6
42. 0
41. 6
40. 2
44. 1
43. 3
46.4
41. 6
42. 6
42. 3
42. 5
41. 2
42. 3
41. 7
41. 7
41. 5
41. 5
41. 9
41. 2
42. 0
40. 2
40. 1
42. 2

41. 9
40. 8
40. 1
41. 1
40. 5
42. 0
42. 3
42.4
41. 7
39. 9
43. 8
42. 9
46.0
41.3
42. 5
42. 2
42. 8
40. 6
42.4
41. 7
42. 0
41. 2
41. 7
42. 3
40. 9
41. 6
39. 6
39.6
42. 2

42. 6
41.8
41. 6
41. 9
40. 3
42. 8
42.6
43. 0
43. 2
43. 5
44. 3
43. 9
45. 8
42. 8
43. 3
42.4
41. 6
41. 7
42. 3
42.3
41.6
42. 9
41.3
43. 1
42. 0
43. 2
41.2
41. 7
43. 1

43. 0
42. 6
42. 5
42. 6
40. 8
43. 1
42. 9
42. 9
43. 8
43. 6
44. 7
44. 2
46. 4
43. 6
43. 1
43. 1
42. 8
42. 6
43. 3
42. 6
41.8
43. 1
41.4
43. 6
42. 6
43. 3
41. 2
41.5
43. 6

40. 1
39.9
40.4

41. 3
40. 8
40. 7
43. 0
40. 0
40.4
39.6
39. 5
39.2
39. 8
40. 1
40. 7
37. 9
41. 2
39. 7
39.5

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




8
2
1
3

3. 9

3. 7

3. 7

4. 2

4. 5

2. 8

2.6

3. 2

3.6

2. 7

2.4

3.4

3. 2

4. 5

4. 7

5. 3

5.6

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2: Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers1
on private nonagricuitural payrolls, by industry--Confinued
SIC
code

Industry

Apr.
1970

Average weekly earnings
jMar.
Feb.
Apr.
1970
1970
1969

Mar.
1969

Apr.
1970

Average hourly earnings
Mar.
Feb.
Apr.
1970
1970
1969

Mar.
1969

Durable Goods—Continued
36
361
3611
3612
3613
362
3621
3622
363
3632
3633
3634
364
3641
3642
3643,4
365
366
3661
3662
367
3671-3
3674,9
369
3694

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES... $128.63 $129.52 $127.
136.27
133.
Electric test & distributing equipment . . . 134.60
120.99
119.
Electric measuring instruments
139.95
134.
Transformers
145.60
143.
Switchgear and switchboard apparatus..
135.60
131.
Electrical industrial apparatus
135.47
139.54
132.
Motors and generators
126.01
126.
Industrial controls
>
137.60
134.
Household appliances
136.56
153.44
146.
Household refrigerators and freezers . . .
144.57
137.
Household laundry equipment
109.20
109.
Electric house wares and fans
119.59
116.
Electric lighting and wiring equipment . . . 117.78
122.98
119.
Electric lamps
118.08
116.
Lighting fixtures
118.50
114.
Wiring devices
111.74
109,
Radio and TV receiving equipment
(*)
149. 34
147.
Communication equipment
146.42
150.94
151.
Telephone and telegraph apparatus . . . .
147. 96
145.
Radio and TV communication equipment
109.37
108.
Electronic components and accessories . .
(*)
120.87
118.
Electron tubes
107.41
Other electronic components
105.
Misc. electrical equipment & s u p p l i e s . . . . 136.02
138.45
135.
Engine electrical equipment
143.45
138.

37
371
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
372
3721
3722
3723,9
373
3731
3732
374
375,9

TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT

38
381
382
3821
3822
383,5
385
384
386
387

INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS • •
Engineering & scientific instruments . . . .
Mechanical measuring & control devices..
Mechanical measuring devices
Automatic temperature controls
Optical and ophthalmic goods
Ophthalmic goods
Medical instruments and supplies
Photographic equipment and supplies . . . .
Watches, clocks, and watchcases

133.65

39
391
394
3941-3
3949
395
396
393,8,9
393

MISG MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

108.64
123. 11

20
201
2011

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS

Motor vehicles and equipment
Motor vehicles
Passenger car bodies
Truck and bus bodies
Motor vehicle parts and accessories . . .
Truck trailers
". .
Aircraft and parts
Aircraft
Aircraft engines and engine parts
Other aircraft parts and equipment
Ship and boat building and repairing
Ship building and repairing
Boat building and repairing
Railroad equipment
Other transportation equipment

Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware
Toys and sporting goods
Games, toys, dolls & play vehicles . . . .
Sporting and athletic goods, n e e
Pens, pencils, office and art s u p p l i e s . . . .
Costume jewelry and notions . . .
Other manufacturing industries
Musical instruments and parts

159.59
(•*)

(

*

)

130.47

123.72
109.80
163.88

116.70

$122.92 $123.42
130.51
128.70
116.35
116.47
130.60
128.88
141.79
138.17
130.92
132.16
132.34
135.20
125.87
125.42
135.55
134.31
152.22
150.90
140. 30
130.50
103.75
104.68
114. 11 113.72
112.29
112.86
112.61
114.76
115.59
114.62

$3. 24
3. 34

3. 37

3.44

3.02

100.58
139.26
144.21
136.61
103.62
114.11
101.39
136.27
142.91

101. 39
139. 86
144.06
137. 61
105.07
113.72
102. 82
135.05
139.84

()
*
3. 58

()
*
3.47

160.40
164.36
167.38
170.10
137. 76
166.45
125.83
166.05
166.87
161.60
168.73
149. 60
159.18
115.80
166.43
114.76

157. 61
158.26
161.08
181.57
138.63
158.32
126.36
166.45
168. 10
162.81
165.03
148.45
157.60
115.92
163.61
113.85

157.44
166.45
165.63
179.71
135.86
171.79
123.07
156.59
158. 6,5
154.31
154. 19
143.50
152.59
115.79
151.24
114. 23

157.38
164.81
162.41
181.05
134.79
170.54
123.55
159.64
161.70
155.80
157.19
141.58
149.54
116.60
152. 22
112.97

4.02
()
*

133.90
152.03
132.44
135.71
128.80
123.62
112.75
110.94
163.45
108.58

131.86
150.43
130.40
132.59
127.51
123.72
113.26
108.85
160.40
102. 71

125.96
145. 18
124. 12
125.64
122.61
118.67
108.94
107.60
149.70
98. 18

126.17
147. 28
125.45
126.98
123.62
117.97
108.94
107.47
148. 99
97.27

3. 30

109.20
121.39
99.72
96. 13
103.62
108.31
97. 28
116.82
114.56

108.
118.
99.
96.
103.
109.
96.
116.
114.

102.44
114.34

2. 80
3.07

85.04
96.47
105.06
95.26
110.60
109.42

102.05
113.94
91.25
84.44
99.20
103.62
94.28
109. 14
109.33

124.31
131. 78
158.88
142.48
80.01

122.80
128.30
154.66
138.02
79.63

117. 89
124.00
147.85
136. 96
74.43

118.08
124. 93
149.58
138.17
73.26

3. 12
3.28

90.06

()
*

(*)•

3. 27

3. 07
2. 83
3. 82

3. 00

$3.04
3. 16
2. 88
3. 17
3. 36

$3. 23
3. 34
3. 04
3. 34
3. 56
3. 34
3.42
3. 19
3.44
3. 77
3. 66
2. 80
3. 02
3. 09
3.02
2.97
2.91
3.59
3.56
3. 60
2. 79
3.06
2. 74
3.47
3.65

$3. 20
3.28
3. 04
3.29
3.45
3. 29
3. 33
3. 18
3.41
3. 70
3.63
2. 78
2.96
3.06
3. 00
2. 89
2.89
3.58
3.55
3.60
2. 78
3. 03
2. 73
3.43
3. 58

13.05
3. 17
2.89
3. 19
3. 37
3. 20
3. 25
3. 12
3. 30
3.61
3.48
2. 65
2. 86
2.85
2.92
2. 83
2. 64
3.38
3.45
3.34
2.63
2. 86
2. 58
3. 34
3.52

4. 01
4. 14
4. 27
4. 50
3.41
4. 12
3. 21
4. 05
4,09
4. 02
3.97
3. 74
3.94
3. 00
4. 14
3. 02

3. 98
4. 10
25
62
44
07
24
4. 04
4. 09
4. 01
3. 92
3. 73
3. 94
2. 98
4. 08
3.02

3. 84
4.04
4. 11
4. 32
3. 33
4. 10
2. 98
3.81
. 86
. 81
68
. 50
. 74
2. 77
3. 80
2. 87

82
01
05
25
32
08
2. 97
.81
3. 85
3. 80
3.69
3.47
3.72
2. 75
3. 74
2. 86

3.29
3.69
3. 27
3.31
3. 22
3. 06
2.84
2. 83
3. 81
2. 77

3. 28
3. 66
3.26
3.29
3. 22
3. 07
2. 86
2. 82
3. 81
2.71

3. 11
3.49
3. 08
3. 11
3. 05
2.93
2.71
2.69
3. 59
2. 55

3. 10
3.49
3.09
3. 12
3. 06
2.92
2.71
2. 68
3.59
2.52

2. 80
3. 05
2.57
2. 51
2. 63
2. 77
2.54
2. 98
2. 93

2. 80
3. 02
2.57
2. 50
2.64
2. 79
2.53
2.99
2.95

2.62
2. 88
2.37
2.28
2.48
2.62
2.43
2. 80
2. 77

2.61
2.87
2. 37
2. 27
2.48
2.61
2.43
2. 77
2. 74

3. 10
3.27
3.81
3.58
2. 10

3.07
3. 24
3. 80
3. 53
2. 09

2.94
3. 10
3.58
3.39
1.99

2,93
3. 10
3.57
3.37
1. 98

3. 17
3. 22
3. 07
3.29
3.59
3.49
2.62
2. 85
2. 85
2. 88
2. 84
2.62
3.37
3.43
3. 34
2.64
2. 85
2.59
3. 31
3.47

Nondurable Goods

2013

2015

Meat products
Meat packing plants
Sausages and other prepared meats . . . .
Poultry dressing plants

124.18
132. 84

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

Gross hours and earnings off production or nonsupervisory workers 1
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry — Continued
Average weekly hours

sic

Industry

Code

Average overtim e hours

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

39.7

40. 1
40. 8

39.7
40.6
39.3

40. 3
40. 6
40.3
40.4
41.0
41.3
41.6
40. 2
40. 7
41.8
37.5
39.5
39.9
39. 6
39.3
40.5
38. 1
41.2
41.8
40.9
39.4
39.9
39.3
40.8
40.6

40. 6
41.3
40.4
41. 2
42. 2
41. 3
41. 1
41.0
41.2
42.4
40.2
39.6
39.9
39.4

41.0
41.2
40.3
41.6
40.8
41.9
41. 3
41. 1
41. 1
40. 5
41.9
41.0
40. 8
41. 8

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

2.4
2.4

2.2
2.9

2. 7
2.9

2. 8
3. 1

2.7

2. 6

3.8

3.6

2. 1

1.9

3. 1

3. 2

2. 2

2. 2

2. 6

2.6

1.6
3.5

1.0
2.8

1. 3
3.0

1.4
3. 1

1.8

1.8

2. 1

2. 2

2. 2

2. 1

3.0

2.9

2. 3
2. 1

2.4
1.9

3, 5
4.0

3.4
3. 6

2.5

2.9

2. 8

3. 2

3.4

3. 1

3. 7

3.5

39.8

41.2
41. 1
40. 1
42.6
40.6
41.8
41.6
41.9
42.0
41.0
42.6
40.8
40. 2
42.4
40.7
39.5

2.6
1.6

2.6
1.6

3.6
3.0

2. 7
2.8

40. 2
41. 1
40.0
40.3
39.6
40.3
39.6
38.6
42. 1
37.9

40.5
41.6
40.3
40.4
40.2
40.5
40. 2
40.0
41. 7
38.5

40. 7
42. 2
40. 6
40. 7
40.4
40.4
40.2
40. 1
41.5
38.6

2. 7
2. 8
3. 0

2.5
2. 8
2. 8

2. 7
3. 2
3. 0

3.0
4. 3
3. 1

2.6
2.0
1. 7
3.6
2.0

2.6
2.0
1.4
3. 2
1. 7

2.6
2. 7
2. 3
3.0
1. 6

2.5
2.6
2.4
3. 3
1. 8

38.8
39.4
38.8
38.5

39. 1

39. 1

39.7
38.0

39.7
38.5

2.4
3.0
2. 1

2. 3
2.5
2. 1

2.4
2. 7
2.0

2. 7
3. 1
2.5

1.9
2.5
2.5
2. 0

1. 7
2.3
2.5
1. 7

2. 1
2.5
2.5
2. 5

2.4
2.8
2. 7
2. 7

3.5
3.9

3. 7
3.7

3.8
4.0

3.8
4.0

Durable Goods-Continued
36
361
3611
3612
3613
362
3621
3622
363
3632
3633
3634
364
3641
3642
3643,4
365
366
3661
3662
367
3671-3
3674,9
369
3694

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES .
Electric test & distributing equipment
Electric measuring installments
Transformers
Switchgear and switchboard apparatus. .
Electrical industrial apparatus
Motors and generators
Industrial controls .
Household appliances
Household refrigerators and freezers . .
Household laundry equipment
Electric housewares and fans
Electric lighting and wiring equipment . .
Electric lamps
Lighting fixtures . . .
Wiring devices.
Radio and TV receiving equipment
Communication equipment
Telephone and telegraph apparatus . . .
Radio and TV communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories . .
Electron tubes . .
Other electronic components.
Misc. electrical equipment & s u p p l i e s . . .
Engine electrical equipment

37
371
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
372
3721
3722
3723,9
373
3731
3732
374
375,9

TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT

Motor vehicles and equipment
.
Motor vehicles
Passenger car bodies
Truck and bus bodies .
Motor vehicle parts and accessories. .
Truck trailers
Aircraft and parts
Aircraft
Aircraft engines and engine parts . . .
Other aircraft parts and equipment. . .
Ship and boat building and repairing . . . .
Ship building and repairing
Boat building and repairing.
Railroad equipment
Other transportation equipment . . . . .

(*)

38
381
382
3821
3822
383,5
385
384
386
387

INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS..
Engineering & scientific instruments....
Mechanical measuring 8c control devices.
Mechanical measuring devices
Automatic temperature controls
Optical and ophthalmic goods
Ophthalmic goods
Medical instruments and supplies
Photographic equipment and supplies....
Watches, clocks, and watch cases

40.5

39
391
394
3941-3
3949
395
396
393,8,9
393

MISC. MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES..
Jewelry, silverware, and plated w a r e . . .
Toys and sporting goods
Games, toys, dolls, & play vehicles . .
Sporting and athletic goods, n e e
Pens, pencils, office and art supplies..
Costume jewelry and notions
Other manufacturing industries
Musical instruments and parts

38.8
40. 1

20
201
2011
2013
2015

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS
Meat products
Meat packing plants
Sausages and other prepared meats .
Poultry dressing plants . . . . . . . . . . .

40. 3

39.7

39.8
41.9
40.9
40.6
40.8
39.5
40.0

39.0

39.5
39.0
39.6

39.8
39.4
39.7
37.8
39.3
39.2

39. 8
39. 1

38. 9
38. 9

39.9
38.4
41.6
42.4

39.6
37.9
41.3
42.6
40.5
38.9

40. 2

(*)
40. 9

40. 7

41. 1
(*)
39.2
39.7

(*)

39.2
39.5
39.2
39.9
39.3
40.0

39. 7
39.2
37.8
40.4
40.4
39.2
41.0
40.8

40. 2
(*)

42.5
40.0
40.4

38. 6
40. 2
38.0

39. 9
40. 3
38.8
42.9

40. 7
41. 2
40.5
41.0
40.0
40.4
39.7
39.2
42. 9
39.2
39.0
3.9. 8
38.8
38.3
39.4

41.5
39.9

39. 7

39. 1
38.8
39.4
38.7
39.6
38.6
37.9
39.3
40.3
38.9
39.0

41. 2

41. 1
40.6
42. 1
39.8
40.0
38.9

40. 1
37. 7

39. 8

39. 1
40.7
38.7
41.5
42.0

41. 2
39.8
39.9
39.7
40.8

40. 3

37. 3

37. 2

38.9

40.0
39.7

39. 1
39. 1

40. 1

39. 1

38.0
39.0
38.7

39.2
39.5
39.5

39.4
39.9

40. 1
40.3
41. 7
39. 8
38. 1

40.0
39.6
40.7
39. 1
38. 1

40. 1
40.0
41.3
40.4
37.4

40.3
40.3
41.9
41.0
37.0

39. 1
38. 9

41. 0

38.3
39.2

38. 8

Nondurable Goods

39. 8
40.5

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

sic

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers 1
on private nonagricultura! payrolls, by industry—Continued

Industry

Code

Apr.
1970

Average weekly earnings
Mar.
Feb.
Apr.
1970
1970
1969

Mar.
1969

Apr.
1970

Average hourly earnings
Mar.
Feb.
Apr.
1970
1970
1969

Mar.
1969

Nondurable Goods—Continued

202
2024
20 26
203
2031,6
2032,3
2037
204
2041
2042
205
2051
2052
206
207
2071
208
2082
2086
209

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS-Continued
Dairy products
$131. 93 $131. 02 $131. 33 $123. 67
Ice cream and frozen desserts
,,
126. 18 123. 82
115.42
Fluid milk
137. 20 136. 78
130.73
Canned, cured, and frozen foods
100. 73 100. 87
95. 88
Canned, cured, and frozen sea foods . . ,
87. 71
82. 57
91. 51
Canned food, except sea foods
107.97
102. 82
107. 20
Frozen fruits and vegetables
95.44
93. 77
90.48
Grain mill products . . . . . . .
,
134. 81
139. 08 141. 12 141. 83
Flour and other grain mill products . . .,
145.41 149.41
139. 54
Prepared feeds for animals and fowls..
125.53 126. 05
122. 58
Bakery products
120. 51 120.67 121. 21 116. 03
Bread, cake, and related products . . . .
121. 83 120. 74
117. 12
Cookies and crackers
.
117. 18 122. 82
111. 50
Sugar
124.90 127. 14
124. 16
Confectionery and related products
107.05 103.33
99.45
()
*
Confectionery products
103.75
95. 73
99. 20
Beverages
141. 37 140.62 137.67
134. 80
Malt liquors
185. 19 183. 87
179. 66
Bottled and canned soft drinks
104.37 100.99
101. 63
Misc. foods and kindred products . . . . . . .
123. 90 124. 09
124.42
118. 24

21
211
212

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES

22
221
222
223
224
225
2251
2252
2253
2254
226
227
228
229

TEXTILE MILL PRODUCTS

23
231
232
2321
2327

APPAREL AND OTHER TEXTILE PRODUCTS
Men's and boys' suits and coats
Men's and boys' furnishings
Men's and boys' shirts and nightwear .
Men's and boys' separate trousers
Men's and boys' work clothing . . . . . . .
Women's*and misses' outerwear
Women's and misses' blouses and waists .
Women's and misses' dresses
Women's and misses' suits and coats .
Women's and misses' outerwear, n e e .
Women's and children's undergarments . .
Women's and children's underwear
Corsets and allied garments
Hats, caps, and millinery.
Children's outerwear
Children's dresses and blouses
Fur goods and miscellaneous apparel . . .
Misc. fabricated textile products
Housefurnishings

2328
233

2331
2335
2337
2339
234
2341
2342
235
236
2361
237,8
239 .
2391,2
26
261,2,6
263
264
2643
265
2651,2
2653
2654

PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS

Paper and pulp mills.
Paperboard mills
- Misc. converted paper products.
Bags, except textile bags
Paperboard containers and boxes .......
Folding and setup paperboard boxes .
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes
Sanitary food containers

3. 19

$3. 18
3.07
3. 33
2.63
2.45
2.79
2.41
3. 20
21
84
11
14
02
17
2. 71
2.64
3.56
4.55

$3. 18
3.08
3. 32
2. 62
2.48
2.77

$2.98
2. 90
3. 12
2.51
2. 30
2.65
2. 3 2
3. 05
3.06
2. 73
2.93
2.95
2. 83
3. 20
2.55
2.48
3.37
4.35
2.56
2.87

$2. 97
2. 89
3. 11
2.47
2. 20
2.62
2.26
3.04
3.01
2. 71
2.92
2.95
2. 83
3. 21
2.52
2.45
3.37
4.34
2.53
2.84

3.00

95.94
112.77
73. 75

94. 70
108.96
74. 21

3.01

2.90
3.44
2. 16

2. 90
3.46
2. 18

2. 68
3. 15
2. 06

2. 66
3. 14
2.05

97.69
98. 98
100. 61
102. 84
97.44
90. 01
87. 70
79. 24
92. 74
80. 59
106. 81
102.25
90. 80
109.30

96. 80
92.92
99.46
92. 16
99. 38
99. 26
102. 92
102. 82
96.47
89.44
88.45
84. 07
85. 70
85. 03
79. 18
71. 05
91.63
84.35
78. 12
77.46
107. 17 102.48
102. 75
98. 12
87. 72
89. 72
107. 10
107.30

93.66
91. 53
100. 66
101. 72
92.43
85. 69
86. 58
74. 54
86. 68
78. 90
104. 62
99.22
87. 54
107.35

2.43
2.42
2.46
2.49
(*)
2.36

2.43
2.42
2.46
2.49
2.43
2.35
2.32
2. 13
2.46
2. 19
2. 58
2. 50
2. 27
2.64

2.42
2.42
2.46
2.48
2.43
2.34
2.31
2. 14
2.45
2. 17
2.57
2.50
2.26
2.63

2.30
2.27
2. 33
2.38
2.27
2. 23
2. 22
2. 03
2.33
2. 06
2.44
2.3 7
2. 15
2. 55

2.29
2.26
2.33
2.36
2.26
2. 22
2.22
2.02
2. 33
2.06
2.45
2. 34
2. 13
2.52

85. 20
103.25
76. 54
76. 22
76. 38
73. 60
87. 72
80. 00
90.97
92. 70
80. 22
77.47
76. 04
80. 94
79.43
77.66
76.43
87. 96
91.39
80.46

83. 78
102. 89
75. 35
75. 03
75. 4.0
72. 60
86. 61
79. 33
86. 58
97.49
79.42
76. 68
74. 76
80. 26
81. 68
78. 98
76. 97
87. 71
87. 36
78. 65

81. 85
101. 68
72. 07
69. 26
73. 68
72. 15
84. 87
74. 74
88. 58
89. 64
79. 06
74. 55
72. 27
79. 07
76. 59
73. 64
73. 08
84. 24
89.49
76. 91

83. 13
102.49
72. 86
70.42
74. 07
72. 93
86. 55
76. 60
88. 75
93. 07
79.98
75. 87
74. 30
79.48
81.47
75. 96
74. 97
83. 90
90.44
77. 14

2.36
2. 87
2.08

2.38
2. 86
2. 08
2.06
2.07
2.00
2. 55
2.26
2.66
2. 87
2.21
2. 17
2. 13
2.28
2.25
2. 20
2. 19
2.45
2.45
2. 14

2.36
2.85
2.07
2.05
2.06
2.00
2. 54
2.26
2. 60
2.91
2. 20
2. 16
2. 10
2. 28
2.25
2. 20
2. 15
2.45
2.40
2. 12

2. 28
2.69
1. 98

1. 94
1.97
1.95
2.46
2. 16
2.59
2. 70
2. 16
2. 10
2.03
2. 24
2. 11
2. 11
2. 10
2.40
2. 38
2.04

2.29
2.69
1. 98
1.94
1.97
1.95
2.48
2. 17
2.58
2. 77
2. 15
2.09
2.03
2.22
2. 19
2. 11
2. 10
2. 37
2. 38
2.03

19 141. 04
06 161. 92
88 166. 36
80 123.53
118.67
125.86
124.71
118.48
131. 05
125.77

139.95
161. 11
166.43
124.24
117. 86
123. 82
116.51
128. 64
124. 34

135.99
158. 20
159.00
118. 66
112. 20
120. 60
108. 54
129. 67
120.25

135.45
155. 80
159. 10
119. 23
111. 38
120. 64
108. 27
130.05
118. 85

3.37
3.70
3.75
3.07

3.35
3.68
3.73
3.05
2.93
3. 10
2.94
3. 22
3.06

3.34
3.67
3.74
3.06
2.91

3. 17
3.50
3.51
2.88
2.73
2.92
2. 70
3.08
2. 87

3. 15
3.47
3.52
2. 88
2.71
2. 90
2.68
3.06
2. 85

110. 17

105.56 107. 30
1,22. 81 130. 10
79.92
79.79

97. 20
98. 98
99.63
103.34
()
*
89. 21

105.22
89. 89
()
*
84. 02
103.03
75. 71

85. 68

90. 04

140.
162.
163.
122.

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




3. 21

3. 22
. 82
. 10
. 12
.04
.02
2.67
2.59
3.53
4. 54
2. 63
2. 99

Cigarettes
Cigars

Weaving mills, cotton
Weaving mills, synthetics
Weaving and finishing mills, wool .
Narrow fabric mills
Knitting mills
Women's hosiery, except socks..
Hosiery, n e e
Knit outerwear mills
Knit underwear mills
Textile finishing, except wool
Floor covering mills
Yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods

123. 26
114. 44
130. 62
95. 84
80. 08
102. 70
89. 50
135.58
135. 15
121. 95
115. 63
117. 12
111.50
118. 13
99. 04
95.55
132. 78
178. 81
97.66
117.29

3. 13

(*)
3.57

2.69
3.02

2. 56
2.27
(*)

2. 52

(*)

(*)

2.44

3. 11

3. 08
2.92
3.20
3.04

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers1
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry-Continued
Average weekly hours

SIC
Code

Industry
Nondurable

202

2024
2026
203
2031,6
2032,3
2037
204
2041
2042
205
2051
2052
206
207
2071
208
2082
2086
209

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS-Continued
Dairy products
Ice cream and frozen d e s s e r t s . . . . . . . .
Fluid milk .
Canned, cured, and frozen foods
Canned, cured and frozen s e a foods .
Canned food, except sea foods
Frozen fruits and vegetables
Grain mill products . .
Flour and other rrain mill product . .
Prepared feeds for animals and fowls
Bakery products
thread, cake, and related products . . .
Cookies and crackers
Sugar.
Confectionery and related products . . . .
Confectionery products
Beverages
Malt liquors
Bottled and canned soft drinks
Misc. foods and kindred products

22
221
222
223
224
225
2251
2252
2253
2254
226
227
228
229

TEXTILE MILL PRODUCTS
Weaving mills, cotton
Weaving mills synthetics
Weaving and finishing mills, v/ool
Narrow fabric mills
..

23
231
232
2321
2327

APPAREL AND OTHER TEXTILE PRODUCTS
Men's and boys' suits and coats
Men's and boys' furnishings
Men's and boys' shirts and night wear
Men's and boys' separate trousers . . .
Men's and boys' work clothing
Women's and misses' outerwear . . . . . . . .
Women's and misses' blouses and waists
Women's and misses' dresses
Women's and misses' suits and coats
Women's and misses' outerwear, n e e
Women's and children's undergarments .
Women's and children's underwear...
Corsets and allied garments
...
Hats caps and millinery
Children's outerwear
Children's dresses and blouses
Fur goods and miscellaneous apparel . .
Misc. fabricated textile products
Housefurnishings

26
261,2,6
263
264
2643
265
2651,2
2653
2654

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

41. 1

41.2
41. 1
41. 2
38. 3
35.8
38. 7
39.6
44. 1
45. 3
44.2
38. 8
38.8
38. 8
39. 4
39.5
39. 3
39. 5
40. 7
38! 8
41.3

41.3
40. 2
41. 2
38.5
36.9
38. 7
39.4
44. 6
46. 4
.44. 7
39. 1
38. 7
40. 4
42. 1
38. 7
38. 3
39. 0
40. 5
38*4
41.5

41.5
39. 8
41. 9
38. 2
35.9
38. 8
39.0
44. 2
45. 6
44.9
39. 6
39.7
39. 4
38. 8
39. 0
38. 6
40. 0
41. 3
39^7
41.2

41.5
39.6
42. 0
38. 8
36.4
39.2
39.6
44. 6
44. 9
45.0
39. 6
39.7
39. 4
36. 8
39.3
39. 0
39. 4
41. 2
38. 6
41. 3

36.4
35. 7
37. 0

37.0
37.6
36. 6

35.8
35. 8
35. 8

35. 6
34. 7
36. 2

40. 2
40.9
40. 9
41. 3
40. 1
38. 3
37.8
37. 2
37. 7
36. 8
4l!4
40. 9
40. 0
41. 4

40. 0
41. 1
40. 4
41.5
39. 7
37. 8
37. 1
37. 0
37 4
36 0
41*. 7
41. 1
39. 7
40. 8

40. 4
40. 6
42. 6
43.2
39. 4
37. 7
38.3
35. 0
36. 2
37. 6
42! 0
41.4
40. 8
42. 0

40. 9
40. 5
43. 2
43. 1
40. 9
38. 6
39.0
36". 9

35.8
36. 1
36. 8
37.0
36.9
36. 8
34.4
35.4
34. 2
32.3
36.3
35. 7
35.7
35. 5
35.3
35.3
34.9
35.9
37.3
37. 6

35. 5
36.1
36.4
36. 6
36. 6
36.3

34. 1
35. 1
33.3
33.5
36.1
35.5
35.6
35. 2
36.3
35.9
35.8
35.8
36.4
37. 1

35.9
37.8
36.4
35. 7
37.4
37.0
34. 5
34.6
34. 2
33. 2
36.6
35.5
35.6
35. 3
36.3
34. 9
34. 8
35. 1
37.6
37. 7

36. 3
38. 1
36. 8
36.3
37. 6
37.4
34. 9
35.3
34.4
33. 6
37. 2
36.3
36. 6
35. 8
37. 2
36.0
35. 7
35.4
38.0
38. 0

42. 1
44. 0
44. 6
40.5
40. 5
40. 6
40.3
40. 7
41. 1

41. 9
43.9
44 5
40! 6
40. 5
40. 2
39.9
40. 2
40.9

42. 9
45. 2
45. 3
41. 2
41. 1
41. 3
40. 2
42. 1
41.9

43. 0
44. 9
45. 2
41.4
41. 1
41.6
40.4
42. 5
41. 7

43. 6
_

38. 5

(*)

39. 6
-

41.2
_

Women's hosiery, except socks.
Hosiery^nec , .Knit outerwear mills
Knit underwear mills
Textile finishing except wool
Floor covering mills
Yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods

p i p e p AMD ALLIED PRODUCTS
Paperboard mills
Misc converted paper products
BatES except textile ba£s
Paperboard containers and boxes
Folding and setup paperboard boxes .
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes . . . .
Sanitary food containers

—
—
—

36. 6

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES
Cigarettes . .
Cigars

2328

Mar.
1970

. . . . . . . . .

40. 0
40. 9
40. 5
41.5
(*)
37. 8
__

41. 1
39. 6
(*)

35.6
35.9
36.4
—
34.0
—
_
(*)
«.
(*)
—

36.9
41. 6
43. 8
43. 7
40.0
40. 1
—
—

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




Mar.
1969

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

3. 7

3.9

3. 7

3. 7

2. 8

3.0
_

3. 1
-

5. 8

3. 2
_
6.4

6. 2

6. 7

_
2. 8

—
3. 2

3. 6

—
3. 4

_
3. 0
2. 5
_
3. 0

_
3. 7
2.5
_
2. 7

_
3. 3
2.4
_
_
3. 5

4.3

4.8

4. 6

4. 7

.7
.7
.6

1.4
1. 7
1. 2

.9
.6
1.2

.9
.7
1. 1

3. 5
4. 2
3. 5

3. 4
4. 3
3.4
3.9
2. 8
2. 3

3. 8
3. 7
4. 8
5.6
2. 6
2. 4

3. 9
3.6
5. 2
5.2
3. 4
2. 4

4.4
3. 1
3. 5
3. 6

4.
4.
4.
4.

9
6
2
5

5. 2
4. 9
4. 0
4. 6

1.2
.9
1. 2

1.4

1. 3

1.3
1.7
1.0
_
—
_
1.3
_

1.4

1. 2
1.2 .

Goods—Continued

21
211
212

233
2331
2335
2337
2339
234
2341
2342
235
236
2361
237,8
239
2391,2

Averag e overtime hours

Apr.
1970

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

—

-

3.7

2. 8
2. 5

2. 6
2.4
2. 9

—

_

37. 2
38. 3
42! 7
42. 4
41. 1
42. 6

4. 2
3.0

3. 6
3. 9
1.3

—

_
—

_
•

„

_

1. 7
1. 2
_
-

1.5
_

—
1.0

1. 1

1.0

1. 1

1. 1

1.4
1.4

1.4
1.0

1. 9

.9
1.6
_

1.0
1.4

.8
1.9
_

.9
1.8

4. 8
6. 3
7. 3
3.4

4. 8
6. 2
7. 3
3. 7

5. 3
7. 1
7 1
3.8

5. 4
6. 6
8. 0
4. 1

3.5

3.5

4.3

4.4

—

—
-

-

—

—

1.3

mm

_
—

1.4

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers 1
on private nonagrieultural payrolls, by industry--Continued
Average weekly earnings

SIC
Code

Industry

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Average hourly earnings

Mar.
1969

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

1?69

Mar.
1969

$3.86
4^19

$3.85
4.16
4. 10
3.45
3.90
3.80

$3.81
4. 12
4.05
3.40
3.85
3.75
4.01
2.91
3.78

$3.64
3.97
3.80
3.18
3.66
3.59
3.76
2.78
3.65

$3.63
3.93
3.86
3.15
3.66
3. 58
3.77
2.81
3.63

3.59
3.97
3.99
4.21
3.82
3.51
3.74
3.24
3.44
3.34
3.53
4.37
2.95
3.39
3.03
2.85
3.43
3. 57
4.23
4.45
3.44
3. 14
4.21
3.06
2. 67
2.76
2.47
3.06
2.43
2.38
2.43
2.31

3.40
3.78
3.82
4.03
3.62
3.35
3.54
3. 12
3.26
3.19
3.36
4.15

3. 38
3.73
3.79
3.93
3.59
3. 32
3.51
3.09
3. 24
3.17
3.32
4.06
2.80
3. 24
2.76
2.61
3.26
3.37

Nondurable Goods—Continued

145.52
149.58

$146. 30 $144.02 $138.68 $139.03
147.26 145.44 141.73 139.91
166.46 162.81 156.18 160.96
133.86 131.92 127.52 125.37
152.88 149.00 142.01 144.20
147.44 144.38 137.50 139.26
160.39 156.39 148.90 151.55
111.51 109.13 105.92 107.34
145.92 145.91 139.80 140.12

27
271
111
111
275
2751
2752
278
274,6,7,9

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING

28
281
2812
2818
2819
282
2821
2823,4
283
2834
2841
2844
285
287
2871,2
286,9
2892

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS . . .
Industrial chemicals
Alkalies and chlorine
Industrial organic chemicals, n e e .
Industrial inorganic chemicals, n e e .
Plastics materials and synthetics
Plastics materials and resins
Synthetic fibers
.....
Drugs
Pharmaceutical preparations
Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods
Soap and other detergents
Toilet preparations
.•
Paints and allied products
Agricultural chemicals
Fertilizers, complete & mixing only .
Other chemical products
Explosives

29
291
295,9

PETROLEUM AND COAL PRODUCTS .... 178.51
Petroleum refining
Other petroleum and coal products . . . .

176.82
186.04
144.97

127.35
177.66
()
*

127.26
180.19
122.40
104.76
110.64
91.14
124.43
88.81
87. 36
90.00
84.71

284

30
301
302,3,6
302
307
31
311
314
312,3,5-7,5
316
317

Newspapers
Periodicals
Books
Commercial printing
Commercial printing, ex. lithographic
Commercial printing, lithographic . . .
Blankbooks and bookbindingOther publishing & printing ind

RUBBER AND PLASTICS PRODUCTS,

N E C

Tires and inner tubes
Other rubber products
Rubber footwear . .
Miscellaneous plastics products

150.54
111.67
142.51
150.12
168.78

()
*
142. 27
145.55
136.46
()
*
141.66

•

LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS •• •
Leather tanning and finishing
Footwear, except rubber
Other leather products
Luggage
Handbags and personal leather goods..

111. 16
91.51
()
*
89.06
85. 20

3.90
2.97
3.78
3.60
3.99

4.04
2.95
3.79

3.59
3.97
4.02
4.22
3.81
3.52
3.76
3.23
3.47
3.36
3.53
4. 35
2.95
3.40
2.98
2.81
3.42
3. 57
4. 22
4.44
3.46
3. 15
4.22
3.06
2.70
2.78

140.95
157.03
158.42
165.85
148.99
139.77
151.63
127.00
132.84
127. 12
136.78
169.30
113.68
133.49
118.40
111.97
134.31
137.16
168.67
178.48
132.93

127.48
184.40
122.09
103.33
109.85

142.46
159.89
159.68
171.68
150.95
141.71
153.64
129.17
133.66
128.24
136.08
171.40
111.95
134.96
123.20
118.49
135.05
136.68
174.10
183.61
140.91
123.82
180.89
119.18
104.66
105.99

92.38
122.09
91.13
86. 87
86.99
84.32

85.78
117.56
82.44
82.99
86.72
78.68

87. 28
115.78
84.50
85. 27
88.97
82.06

()
*

159.48

154.80

(*)

140.19
162.57

138.69
159.42

131.77
160.96

128.33
149.65

153.59
156.83
116.70

152.40
155.63
116.92

148.73
151.94
108.47

150.42
168.73
172.06
181.04
159.26
147.49
161.30
132.43
142. 62
136.75
145.79
180.09
123.02
137.36
130.52
124.76
142.61
147.44

149.34
168.33
172.37
178.50
159.29
146.02
159.70
131.54
141.38
135.27
145.08
183.10
121.25
135.94
128.17
121.41
142.00
143.87
176.81
186.01
143.45

3.47
3.55
3.42
(*)
3.43

4.23
(*)
(*)
3. 16
4. 19
(*)

2.82
3.26
2.75
2.61
3. 27
3.40
4.03
4.26
3.24

3.95
4. 17
3. 15

3.02
4. 13
2.95
2.67
2.63
2. 35
2.91
2.29
2. 28
2. 35
2.21

3.00
4.09
2.94
2.67
2. 62

(*)

3.60

3. 60

3.37
3.88

3.35
3.86

3. 13
3.86

3.07
3.76

146.20
149.34
105.46

3.71
3.77
3.00

3.69
3.75
2.96

3.61
3.67
2.81

3. 54
3.59
2.79

123.30
178.73
119.36
104.93
106.11

2.80
2.48
(*)
2.42
2.38

2.47
3.08
2.42
2.40
2.50
2.34

2.34
2.88
2.29
2. 28
2. 36
2.20

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC
UTILITIES:
RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION:

Class I railroads

()
*

LOCAL AND INTERURBAN PASSENGER
TRANSIT:

411
413

Local and suburban transportation
Intercity highway transportation
TRUCKING AND WAREHOUSING

421,3
422

Trucking and trucking terminals
Public warehousing

46

PIPE LINE TRANSPORTATION

187.78

186.05

176.81

178.04

4.58

4.56

4.24

4.29

48
481
4817
4818

COMMUNICATION

130.14
127.73
91.96
179.55
145.60
144.40

130.08
127.66
93. 10
180.40
151.01
142.87

126.94
125.22
91.43
173. 16
139.68
138.01

127.83
126.08
90.46
175.38
139.02
138.37

3. 32
3.25
2.62
3.99
3. 50
3.78

3.31
3.24
2.63
4.00
3.52
3.74

3.23
3.17
2.59
3.90
3.31
3.69

3. 22
3.16
2.57
3.88
3. 31
3. 68

482
483

Telephone communication
Switchboard operating employees3 . .
Line construction employees^
Telegraph communication^
Radio and television broadcasting . . . .

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers'
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry — Continued
Average overtime hours

Average weekly hours

sic

Industry

Code

Apr.
1970

Mar.Feb.
1970
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

3.0
2.4
4.4
3.0
3.5

2. 8
2.2
4.2
2.6
3. 3

3.2
2.7
4.7
3.4
3.6

3.4
2.6
5.4
3.3
4. 0

2.2
2.5
3.2
3.7

1.9
3.0

2.3
3.0

3.3
3.9

2.2
2.9
3.5
3. 8

2.7

2.7

3. 1

3.2

2.9

3.0

3.0

3.2

3.0

3.0

2.9

3. 1

2. 2
6.0

2. 2
4.9

3.4
7.2

3. 1
5.5

2. 8

3.0

3. 0

2.9

3. 1
2.7
4.3
3.5
5.8
2.8
2.3
3.2
1.7
3.5
1.6
1.3
1.0
1.2

3.0
2.7
4.2

3.8
3. 3
5.7
4. 1
6.3
3.3
2.5
3.7
1.6
3.8
1.4
1.4
1.8
1. 1

3.8
3.4
5.0
4.0
5.8
3. 1
2,5
3.9
1. 8
3.8
1.5
1.8
1.9
1.7

Nondurable Goods— Continued
27
271
272
273
275
2751
2752
278
274,6,7,9

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING
Newspapers
Periodicals
Books
Commercial printing
Commercial printing, ex. lithographic
Commercial printing, lithographic . . .
Blankbooks and bookbinding
Other publishing & printing i n c L . . . . . . .

28
281
281.2
2818
2819
282
2821
2823,4
283
2834
284
2841
2844
285
287
2871,2
286,9
2892

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS..
Industrial chemicals
Alkalies and chlorine
Industrial organic chemicals, n e e . . .
Industrial inorganic chemicals, n e e .
Plastics materials and synthetics
Plastics materials and resins
Synthetic fibers
Drugs
Pharmaceutical preparations
Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods
Soap and other detergents
Toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Agricultural chemicals
Fertilizers, complete & mixing only..
Other chemical products
Explosives

37. 7
35.7

31
311
314
312,3,5-7,
316
317

LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS
Leather tanning and finishing
Footwear, except rubber
Other leather products
Luggage .
Handbags and personal leather goods..

RUBBER AND PLASTICS PRODUCTS, N E C .

Tires and inner tubes
Other rubber products
Rubber footwear
Miscellaneous plastics products

41.0
41. 0
39.9
(*)

41. 3
42.~2
(*)
(*)
40.3
42.4
(*)
39.7
36.9
(*)
36.8
35.8

36.9
40.4
36.7
36.4
36.0
36.2

37.4
39.9
37.5
36.5
35.8
36.5

36.5
40.4
36.0
36.4
36.9
35.6

(*)

44.3

43.0

41.4
41. 3

42. 1
41.7

41.8
39.8

41.4
41.6
38.9

PETROLEUM AND COAL PRODUCTS
Petroleum refining
Other petroleum and coal products

.(*)

43. 8
39.9
38.7
39.8

41.6
41.9

29
291
295,9
30
301
302, 3, 6
302
307

37.6
37. 7
41. 7
42.3

41.7
42. 1
41.8
42.2
41.5
42. 1
43.2
41. 1
41.0
40. 1
41.2
41.7
40.6
41.2
42.9
42.9
41. 2
40.7
42.7
42.8
42.2
41. 1
43. 7
40.6
39.3
40.5
37. 3
40.2
36.9
37.4
37.7
37.3

(*)"

38, 6

38. 1
35. 7
41. 1
40. 1
38.8
38.3
39.6
38. 1
38. 3
41.9
42.3
41.8
42.6
41.7
42.3
43.4
41.4
41.0
40.2
40.5
41. 3
39.7
41.4
44. 8
45.4
41.3
40.2
43.2
43. 1
4.3. 5
41.0
43.8
40.4
39.2
40. 3

41.3
41.5
39.5

41.2
41.4
38.6

41.3
41.6
37.8

38.0
35.4
40.6
38.8
39.2
38.8
39.7
37. 8
38.5

41.9
42.5
42.8
42.9
41.8
41.9
42.9
41.0
41. 1
40.7
41.3
41.4
41.7
40.4
43.8
44.4
41.7
41. 3
41.9
41. 9
41.9
40.4
42.7
40.0
38.8
39.8

37.8
35.3
40.2
38.8
38.7
38.5

39. 0
37. 5
38.6
41.6
42.4
43.2
42.4
41.7
41.6
42.7
40.6
41. 1
40.5
41. 1
41. 9
41. 1
40. 1
42.3
42. 6
41.4
40.3
41. 8
41.8
41.7
40.6

38.3
35.6
41.7
39.8
39.4
38.9
40.2
38.2
38.6

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC
UTILITIES:
RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION:
C l a s s I railroads 2
LOCAL AND INTERURBAN PASSENGER
TRANSIT:

411
413
42
421,3
422

Local and suburban transportation
Intercity highway transportation
TRUCKING AND WAREHOUSING

Trucking and trucking terminals
Public warehousing

46

PIPE LINE TRANSPORTATION

•

41. 0

40.8

41.7

41.5

48
481
4817
4818
482
483

COMMUNICATION

,

39. 2
39.3
35. 1
45.0
41.6
38.2

39.3
39.4
35.4
45. 1
42.9
38.2

39.3
39.5
35.3
44.4
42.2
37.4

39.7
39.9
35.2
45.2
42.0
37.6

Telephone communication
,
Switchboard operating employees3. .
4
Line construction employees
Telegraph communication'
,
Radio and television broadcasting

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




3.7
6.3
2.8
2. 1
3.2

1.9
3.3
1.9
1.4
1. 1
1.5

3.4
3.5

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2:

Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers 1
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued

sic
Code

Industry

Apr.
1Q70

Average weekly earnings
Mar.
Feb.
Apr.
1970
1970
1969

Mar.
1969.

Apr.
1970

Average hourly earnings
Mar.
.b'eb.
Apr.
1970
1970
1969

Mar.
1969

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC
UTILITIES.-Continued
49
491
492
493
494-7

Electric companies and systems
Gas companies and systems
Combination companies and systems...
Water, steam, & sanitary systems

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
50
501
502
503
504
506
507
508
509
52-59
53
531
532
533
54
541-3
56
561
562
565
566
57
571
58
52,55,59
52
551,2
553,9
591
594
598
60
61
612
62
63
631
632
633

721
722

$167.68 $169.31 $157.73 $155.74
160.19
170.56 173.03 160.99
152.25 153.78 142.51 141.40
182.57 183.85 172.62 169.30
140.97 141.04 129.65 128.11

ELECTRIC, GAS, AND SANITARY SERVICES

WHOLESALE TRADE
Motor vehicles & automotive equipment.
Drugs, chemicals, and allied products. .
Dry goods and apparel
Groceries and related products
Electrical goods
Hardware; plumbing & heating equipment
Machinery, equipment, and supplies..
Miscellaneous wholesalers
RETAIL TRADE.
Retail general merchandise
Department stores
Mail order houses
Variety stores
Food -stores
Grocery, meat, and vegetable stores . .
Apparel and accessory stores
Men's & boys' clothing & furnishings .
Women's ready-to-wear stores
Family clothing stores
Shoe stores
...
Furniture and home furnishings stores . .
Furniture and home furnishings
Eating and drinking places
Other retail trade
Building materials and farm equipment
Motor vehicle dealers
Other automotive & accessory dealers.
Drug stores and proprietary stores . . .
Book and stationery stores . . . . . . .
Fuel, and ice dealers
FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL
ESTATE7
Banking
Credit agencies other than banks
Savings and loan associations . . . .
Security, commodity brokers & services . .
Insurance carriers
Life insurance
<..
Accident and health insurance
Fire,-marine, and casualty insurance.

$4.07
4.11
3.76
4.43
3.44

$3.81
3.87
3.51
4.11
3.17

$3.78
3.86
3.50
4.06
3.14

9 4 . 15

93.80

93.80

88.96

88.85

$2.69

2.68

2.68

2.52

2.51

135.26

136.00
128.21
137.67
126.57
125.22
140.18
129.04
151.66
136.42

135.60
126.36
136.93
125.17
124.82
138.99
129.44
150.06
136.72

127.20
119.84
126.94
120.64
119.50
128.44
121.70
142. 68
125.05

126.40
118.49
127.65
120.96
118.80
131.15
121.30
140.70
125.69

3.39

3.40
3.15
3.53
3.43
3.17
3.26
3.21
3.69
3.48

3.39
3.12
3.52
3.42
3.16
3.21
3.22
3.66
3.47

3.18
2.93
3.28
3.20
2.98
3.11
3.05
3.48
3.19

3.16
2.89
3.29
3.20
2.97
3.13
3.04
3.44
3.19

80. 16
74.50
77.75
91.87
58.06
83.69
85.22
69.08
83.33
62. 12
68.55
67.57
106.43
106.56
56. 24
99.64
108.86
129.83
110.84
71.53
83.08
119.42

79.92
73.01
75.83
89. 25
55.48
83. 69
85. 22
69.58
85.66
61.61
68. 58
66. 98
105.85
106.35
56.06
99.26
107.64
127.89
111.24
72.30
82.58
122.96

76.73
70.91
74. 34
83.07
54. 10
80.07
81.03
66.78
82.62
60.96
64.75
63.80
100.44
100.91
54.18
96.39
103.97
126. 28
106. 68
68.69
81. 10
116.52

76.61
70. 60
73.79
84. 13
54. 35
80. 32
81.28
65.63
80. 54
60.45
62.92
62.70
99.53
99.90
53.74
95.88
102. 26
124.94
104.83
68.90
81.46
123.25

2.41

2.40
2.35
2. 50
2.51
.91
2.64
2.68
2.20
2.48
2.05
2.09
2.26
2.90
2.88
1.82
2.65
2.77
3.19
2.71
2.30
2.48
2.85

2.40
2.34
2.47

2.27
2.23
2.36
2.34
1.84
2.51
2.54
2.12
2.43
1.96
1.98
2.20
2.70
2.72
1.72
2.53
2.58
3.08
2.54
2.16
2.45
2.87

2. 26
2.22
2.35
2.35
1.83
2. 51
2.54
2.09
2.39
1.95
1.96
2. 14
2.69
2.70
1.69
2.51
2.55
3.04
2.52
2.16
2.41
2.90

112.18
101.20
105.28
103. 14
169.92
120.58
122.51
112.00
120.43

112.48
101.75
104.90
103.69
169.88
120.58
122.84
109.73
120.80

106.85
96. 35
97.88
96.09
175.10
111.50
113.09
97.47
113.62

107.22
96.98
99.41
96.94
177.56
112.24
113.44
99.37
114.84

3.03

3.04
2.75
2.80
2.78
4.58
3.25
3.32
3.06
3.22

3.04
2.75
2.79
2.78
4.53
3.25
2. 32
2.99
3.23

2.88
2.59
2.61
2.59
4.62
3.03
3.15
2.70
2.99

2.89
2.60
2.63
2.62
4. 60
3.05
3. 16
2.73
3.03

67.55

67. 20

62. 13

63.01

1.93

1.92

1.77

1.77

76.40
85.12

75.83
85.85

72. 64
80. 36

71.68
80.36

2.14
2.46

2.13
2.46

1.99
2.27

1.98
2. 27

173.66

172.99

164. 72

169.70

4.43

4.47

4.17

4.19

80.25

111.50

SERVICES:
Hotels and other lodging places:
Hotels, tourist courts, and motels
Personal Services:
Laundries and dry cleaning plants . . .
Photographic studios
Motion pictures:
Motion picture filming & distributing.

NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




$4.06
4. 10
3.75
4.41
3.43

2.23

2.24
90
89
82
64
76
15
2.70
2.31
2.48
2.90

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-2: Gross hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers1
on private nonagricultural payrolls, by industry—Continued
Average overtime hours

Average weekly hours

sic

Industry

Code

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

41.3
41.6
40.6
41.4
41. 1

41.6
42. 1
40.9
41. 5
41.0

41.4
41.6
40.6
42.0
40.9

41.2
41.5
40.4
41.7
40.8

35.0

35.0
40.0
40.7
39.0
36.9
39.5
43.0
40.2
41. 1
39.2
33.4
31.7
31. 1
36.6
30.4
31.7
31.8
31.4
33.6

35.0
40.0
40.5
38.9
36.6
39.5
43.3
40.2
41.0
39.4
33.3
31.2
30.7
35.7
29.2
31.7
31.8
31.2
33.2

35.3

39.9

40.0
40.9
38.7
37.7
40. 1
41.3
39.9
41.0
39.2
33.8
31.8
31.5
35.5
29.4
31.9
31.9
31.5
34.0

35.4
40.0
41.0
38.8
37.8
40.0
41.9
39.9
40.9
39.4
33.9
31.8
31.4
35.8
29.7
32.0
32. 0
31.4
33.7

30.3
32.8
29.9
36.7
37.0
30.9
37.6
39.3
40.7
40.9
31. 1
33.5
41.9

30.2
32.5
29.9
36.5
36.8
30.8
37.6
39.0
40.6
41.2
31.3
33.3
42.4

•3.1. 1

32.7
29.0
37.2
37. 1
31.5
38. 1
40.3
41.0
42.0
31.8
33. 1
40.6

31.0
32. 1
29.3
37. 0
37. 0
31.8
38.2
40. 1
41. 1
41.6
31.9
33.8
42.5

36.9
36.8
37.6
37. 1
37. 1
37. 1
36.9
36.6
37.4

37.0
37.0
37.6
37.3
37.5
37. 1
37.0
36.7
37.4

37. 1
37.2
37.5
37. 1
37.9
36. 8
35.9
36. 1
38.0

37. 1
37. 3
37.8
37.0
38.6
36.8
35.9
36.4
37.9

35.0

35.0

35. 1

35.6

35.7
34.6

35.6
34.9

36.5
35.4

36.2
35.4

39.2

38.7

39.5

Apr.
1970

40.5

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Apr.
1969

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC
49
491
492
493
494-7

ELECTRIC, GAS, AND SANITARY SERVICES
Electric companies and systems . . . . . . .
Gas companies and systems.
Combination companies and systems . .
Water, steam & sanitary s y s t e m s . . . . . . .

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
50
501
502
503
504
506
507
508
509
52-59
53
531
532
533
54
541-3
56
561
562
565
566
57
571
58
52,55,59
52
551,2
553,9
591
594
598

60
61
•612

62
63
631
632
633

721
722

WHOLESALE TRADE

Motor vehicles & automotive equipment.
Drugs, chemicals, and allied products . . .
Dry goods and apparel
Groceries and related products
Electrical goods..;
Hardware; plumbing & heating equipment
Machinery, equipment, and s u p p l i e s . . . .
Miscellaneous wholesalers
RETAIL TRADE
Retail general merchandise
Department stores
Mail order houses
Variety stores
Food stores
Grocery, meat, and vegetable stores . . .
Apparel and accessory stores
Men's & boys' clothing & furnishings .
Women's ready-to-wear stores
Family clothing stores
Shoe stores
Furniture and home furnishings stores . .
Furniture and home furnishings
Eating and drinking places
Other retail trade
Building materials and farm equipment
Motor vehicle dealers
Other automotive & accessory dealers.
Drug stores and proprietary stores .
Book and stationery stores
Fuel and ice dealers
FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL
ESTATE?
Banking
Credit agencies other than banks . . .
Savings and loan associations
Security, commodity brokers & services.
Insurance carriers
Life insurance
Accident and health insurance.
Fire,marine, and casualty insurance.
SERVICES:
Hotels and other lodging places:
Hotels, tourist courts, and m o t e l s 6 . .
Personal Services:
Laundries & dry cleaning plants
Photographic studios
Motion pictures:
Motion picture filming & distributing.

33.3

36.8

* For coverage of series, see footnote 1, table B-2»
beginning January 1965, data relate to railroads with operating revenues of $5,000,000 or more. October 1969: $167. 32; $3. 71, and 45.1.
Data relate to employees in such occupations in the telephone industry as switchboard operators; service assistants; operating room instructors; and pay-station
attendants. In 1968, such employees made up 32 percent o.f the total number of nonsupervisory employees in establishments reporting hours and earnings data.
4
Data relate to employees in such occupations in the telephone industry a.s central office craftsmen; installation and exchange repair craftsmen; line, cable, and
conduit craftsmen; and laborers. In 1968, such employees made up 32 percent of the total number of nonsupervisory employees in establishments reporting hours
and earnings data.
5
Data relate to nonsupervisory employees except messengers.
*Money payments only; tips, not included.
7
Data for nonoffice salesmen excluded from all series in this division.
•Not available.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.
3




Mar.
1969

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOtJRS AND EARNINGS
C-3: Employment, hours, and indexes of earnings in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government
(Employment in thousands—includes both supervisory and nonsupervisory employees)

1970

Item

Feb.

1 Jan.

Dec.

Nov.

Oct.

Sept.

Aug.

1969
July

June

Apr.

May

Mar.

Feb.

EXECUTIVE BRANCH
Total employment
Average overtime hours . . .
Indexes (1965=100):
Average weekly earnings . .
Average hourly earnings . . .

(*)
(*)
(•)

2,654.1 2,724.9 2,669.2 2,679.6 2,697.3 2,767.2 2,804.5 2,795.9 2,704.5 2,712.0 2,701.9 2,704.2
39.5
39.9
39.6
39.2
39.4
39.4
39.4
39.3
39.5
39.6
39.5
39.6
1.0
1.0
1,0
1.0
1.0
.8
1.0
1.0
1.1
•9
.9
1.5
128.2
132.5

(*)

130.4
133.3

I28.7
131.6

126.0
129.8

127.2
130.4

124.7
127.5

119.1
123.7

117.8
121.1

118.9
122.2

H7.5
120.5

117.5
120.5

118.7
120.5

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Total employment
Average weekly hours
Average overtime h o u r s . . . .
Indexes (1965=100):
Average weekly earnings . .
Average hourly earnings . . .

(*)
(*)
(*)

1,075.7 1,083.9 1,091.0 1,102.8 1,111.6 1,142.9 1,167.5 1,162.4 L,125.2 1,128.2 1,129.0 1,130.4
39.8
40.1
40.2
39.9
40.2
40.7
59.8
39.8
39.2
39.6
39.1
38.5
.8
.8
1.2
1.0
1.0
1.2
1.2
.8
.8
.9
.9
.8
126.8
129.0

125.2
129.0

123.8
126.9

(*)
(*)

127.3
132.4

128.1
133.6

128.4
131.6

(•)

725.2
39.2
1.6

793.6
40.8
3.3

726.1
39.7
1.5

725.5
38.8
1.3

726.5
38.7
1.2

741.0
38.7
.9

120.6
127.1

127.2
128.7

121.5
126.4

118.4
126.1

117.8
125.7

116.6
124.4

853.2
39.2
.9

847-4
39.1
.8

852.I
39.3
.9

851.3
39.3
.8

859.2
39.4
.8

883.3
4o.o
.8

135.8
136.9

136.O
137.4

135.6
136.3

135.1
135.8

133.8
134.1

131.4
129.8

118.4
125.5

118.2
120.0

119.9
122.6

116.5
119.4

117.4
119.1

118.8
119.1

739.8
39.1
.8

736.6
38.4
.9

723.1
38.5
1.1

720.9
38.8
1.3

718.5
38.7
1.2

718.4
39.4
1.0

117.8
124.4

111.1
119.5

112.0
120.1

113.2
120.5

112.6
120.1

114.3
119.8

897.2
39.6
.8

896.9
39.2
•9

856.2
39.6
.9

862.9
39.8
.9

854.4
39.3
•8

855.4
39.4
.8

122.0
121.7

122.9
123.8

124.2
123.8

122.9
122.0

121.9
122.5

122.4
122.8

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT

Total employment
Average weekly hours
Average .overtime hours . . .
Indexes (1965=100):
Average weekly earnings. . .
Average hourly earnings . . .

Si

OTHER AGENCIES

Total employment
Average weekly hours
Average overtime h o u r s . . . .
Indexes (1965=100):
Average weekly earnings. . .
Average hourly earnings . . .

(*)

Ci

* Not available.
branch of the Federal Government;
NOTE: Averages presented in this table have been computed using data collected by the U.S. Civil Service Commission from all agencies of the executiv< nd nonsupervisory, they are nor
the data cover both salaried workers and hourly paid wage-board employees. Since these averages relate to hours and earnings of all workers, both supervisory s
comparable to similar data presented in table C-2 which relate only to production or nonsupervisory workers.
C-4: Average hourly earnings excluding overtime of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by industry
Average hourly earnings excluding overtime*
Major industry group

Apr. 1970

MANUFACTURING.

$3.21

DURABLE GOODS.

Mar. 1970

3.40

Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile mill products
Apparel and other textile products..
Paper and allied products
Printing and publishing
Chemicals and allied products ...
Petroleum and coal products . . . . .
Rubber and plastics products, a e c.
Leather and leather products

Apr. I969

$3.17

$3.02

$3.00

(2)

3.19

3.17

3.46
2.71
2.63
3.13
3.70
3.31
3.55
3.11
3.86
3.18
2.72

3.32
2.52
2.48
2.97
3.57
3.14
3.36
2.95
3.68
3.01
2.54

3.27
2.52
2.46

2.91

2.90

2.76

2.74

2.97
2.87
2.32
2.33
3.17

2.93

,3.35
3.50
2.72
2.63
3.16
3.71
3.33
3.57
3.14
3.90
3.19
2.72

Ordnance and accessories
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass produces
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery, except electrical
Electrical equipment and supplies
Transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries .
• NONDURABLE GOODS .

$3.19

Feb. 1970

2.94
2.84
2.32
2.32
3.16
(2)
3.46
4.08
3.01
2.41

2.81
2.65
2.20
2.24
2.98
(2)
3.27
3.86
2.88
2.30

2.80
2.63
2.18
2.25
2.97
(2)
3.25
3.78
2.87
2.29

(2

?<

3.46
4.08
3.02
2.42

^Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the face of tine and one-half.
?Not available as average overtime rate* are significantly above tine and oae-faalf. Inclusion of data for die group ia the nondurable goods total has little effect.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




3.13
3.34
2.94
3.67
3.00
2.52

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-5:

Gross and spendable average weekly earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers 1
on private nonagricultura! payrolls, in current and 1957-59 dollars
Spendable average weekly earnings
Gross average weekly earnings
Industry

Worker with three dependents

Worker with no dependents

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

$117.92 $116.87 $111.67
88.20
88.91
88.53

$94.78
71.16

$94.00
70.94

$88.80
70.70

Mar.
1970

Mar.
1969

1970

Mar.
1970

Mar.
1969

Feb.
1970

TOTAL PRIVATE:
Current dollars . . . .
1957-59 dollars . . .
MINING:
Current dollars . . . .
1957-59 dollars . . .

$103.39 $102.57
77.62
77.41

$97.76
77.83

160.65
120.61

126.78
95.18

126.09
95.16

115.65
92.08

137.41
103.16

136.67
103.15

126.08
IOO.38

I89.ll
141.97

185.84
140.26

171.86
136.83

148.53
IH.51

146.11
110.27

133.12
105.99

160.88
120.78

158.18
119.38

144.94
115.40

130.94
98.82

127.39
101.43

105.63
79.30

104.53
78.89

IOO.34
79.89

114.85
86.22

113.69
85.8O

109.81
87.43

93.80
70.42

MANUFACTURING:
Current dollars
1957-59 d o l l a r s . . . .

148.54
118.26

132.40
99.40

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION:
Current dollars
1957-59 dollars

159.75
120.57

93.80
70.79

88.85
70.74

76.57
57.48

76*57
57.79

71.76
57.13

84.37
63.3t

84.37
63.68

80.11
63.78

112.18
84.22

112.48
84.89

107.22
85.37

90.48
67.93

90.71
68.46

85.53
68.10

98.85
74.21

99.08
74.78

94.38
75.14

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE:
Current dollars .
1957-59 dollars
FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE:
Current dollars
1957-59 dollars
1

For coverage of series, see footnote 1, table B-2.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

C-6: Indexes of aggregate weekly man-hours and payrolls in industrial and construction activities1
1957-59=100

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1969

110.4

115.5

114.9

79.1

81.5

77.6

105.3

100.5

111.5

103.5

114.6

113.8

118.0

118.9

117.4

119.8

118.4

125.2

126.0

158.6
85.7
121.4
109.5
107.7
124.4
134.2
140.2
103.7
125.1
104.7

172.3
86.1
124.1
IO6.9
109.5
126.6
137.6
144.0
107.8
126.7
104.8

178.3
86.0
123.2
105.5
110.3
126.3
136.9
142.8
101.7
124.7
103.8

217.5
92.5
131.5
112.7
114.0
130.0
138.6
146.7
118.1
129.1
108.6

222.6
93.5
132.5
110.8
113.3
130.8
139.7
147.8
120.4
129.8
107.4

106.4

107.8

107.8

108.6

109.7

89.8
64.8
100.1
113.0
117.7
118.0
121.9
81.3
154.6
85.6

91.4
67.1
100.4
115.9
119.1
119.2
123.0
8O.5
157.0
85.7

91.7
71.4
100.4
115.3
H8.7
118.4
121.8
79.7
158.2
87.7

89.5
64.6
104.2
116.6
119.2
117.6
125.7
83.O
160.7
88.0

89.9
68.2
106.0
119.7
120.2
118.6
124.7
79.2
161.4
91.5,

II6.I

109.7

183.3

169.5

175.7

176.I

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

111.2

111.8

80.2

79.0

MANUFACTURING

112.3
112.6

DURABLE GOODS

Industry

Feb.
1970
Man-hours

TOTAL
MINING
CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION

Ordnance and accessories
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
;
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery, except electrical
Electrical equipment and supplies
Transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
NONDURABLE GOODS
Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile mill products
Apparel and other textile products
Paper and allied products
,
Printing and publishing
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and plastics products, nee
Leather and leather products

Payrolls

121.3

119.6

119.0

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION

2O2.3

I89.2

179.9

MANUFACTURING

176.7

179.3

176.8

MINING

For mining and manufacturing, data refer to production and relai
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED HOURS
C-7:

Average weekly hours off production or nonsupervisory workers
on private nonagricultural payrolls, seasonally adjusted

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Jan.
1970

Dec.
1969

Nov.
1969

Oct.
1969

Sept. Aug.
1969 1969

July
1969

June
1969

May
1969

Apr.
1969

37-4

37.4

37.4

37.4

37.5

37.6

37.6

37.8

37.8

37.8

37.8

37.8

37.8

MINING

42.8

43.1

43.4

42.8

43.4

43.8

42.9

43.2

43.2

42.6

42.0

43.4

43.8

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION

38.3

38.0

37.2

38.2

37.5

38.1

37.9

37.5

37.6

38.1

38.0

MANUFACTURING

40.0
3.0
40.5
2.8

40.2
3.1
40.7
3.1

40.3
3.3

40.7
3.5

to.8 to.6 40.7

Industry

TOTAL PRIVATE

Overtime hours
DURABLE GOODS

•

Overtime hours
Ordnance and accessories

,

to.4 to.9
3.2

3.4

41.5
3.9

41.3
6

41.2
3.8

41.3
3.9

4i.4
3.8

41.4
3.8

39.7

39.5

39.9

4o.i

to.3 to.i to.7 to.9 to.9

41.6

42.1

41.7

42.1

42.1

39.5
39.3

39.3

39.1

41.7

41.9

41.8

42.0

41.7

to.2 to.3 to.2

41.9

42.1

42.0
41.8

41.2

41.6

41.6

42.2

42.2

42.0

41.5

41.7

41.7

41.1

41.3

41.1

41.4

41.6

41.4

41.4

41.5

41.6

41.6

41.8

41.6

41.8

41.4

41.8

41.8

42.3

42.6

42.2

42.4

42.7

42.6

42.2

42.5

42.6

42.6

to.l 40.2

40.5

to.4 to.3 to.6 to.6 40.9

41.8

41.2

41.0

to.9 40.9

to.9 to.8 40.8

39.0

39.o

39.1

39.2

39.1

39.5

39.7
3.3

39.6
3.4

39.7
3.4

39.8
3.4

39.8
3.4

39.8
3.4

to.9

to.6 40.7 to.8 to.9

37.2

38.2

39.5

38.1

36.4

to.9 41.2

41.2

4i.o

41.1

to. 2 to.7 40.9

Fabricated metal products . . . . . .
<

Electrical equipment and supplies

40.3

Transportation equipment

40.2

to.2 39.7
40.4 40.2

Instruments and related products

40.8

to.7 to.2

to.o 41.5 to.6 41.3
to.7 to.9 40.9 to.7

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries . , ,

39.2

38.9

38.7

39.2

39.2

39.4
3.0

39.4
3.2

39.3
3.2

39.6
3.4

39.8
3.3

•

40.6

to.7

37.2

37.3

,

40.7

to.2

to.7 to.8
37.4 38.3
to.o to.2

Apparel and other textile products

,

35.7

35.5

35.5

Paper and allied products

,

42.1

42.3

42.3

Printing and publishing

,

37.9

38.0

38.0

Chemicals and allied products

41.4

41.9

41.8

Petroleum and coal products

41.9

42.4

42.7

Rubber and plastics products, nee . . . . . . .

40.7

to.7 41.0

Leather and leather products

38.1

37.2

35.3

NONDURABLE GOODS

Overtime hours
Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
.

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
•

RETAIL TRADE

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE

to.4 to.3

39.6
3.3

to.8 to.8
36.3

37.4

to.9 to.8

39.5
3.3

to.5 41.0
37.2

37.4

to.6 to.8

42.3

41.6

4l.l

41.5

36.0

35.8

35.7

35.8

35.9

36.0

36.2

36.1

36.0

43.0

42.8

42.7

42.7

42.8

42.8

43.0

42.9

43.0

43.4

38.2

38.6

38.4

38.3

38.3

38.4

38.5

38.4

38.4

38.3

42.0

41.8

41.9

41.7

41.6

41.9

41.9

41.8

41.8

41.6

42.4

42.2

42.7

42.6

42.0

42.8

42.9

42.2

43.0

42.9

40.9

41.1

40.8

to.9 41.0

to.9 41.2

41.3

41.4

41.4

37.0

37.6

37.7

37.4

37.3

37.1

36.8

37.0

37.4

35.3

35.4

35.4

35.4

35.5

35.5

35.7

35.8

35.7

35.7

4o.l

40.1

to.2 40.3

33.6

33.8

33.7

33.8

33.8

34.0

36.8

36.9

37.0

36.9

36.9

37.2

1

For coverage of series, see footnote 1, table B-2.

NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months ate preliminary.




to.7 40.8
3.6
3.7

to.2 to.9 to.6 40.9

Furniture and fixtures

WHOLESALE TRADE

40.7
3.6

to.i 39.8

39.4

Textile mill products

3.6

4o.o

to.6

4o.3

Machinery, except electrical

41.2
3.7

3.7

to.i to.4 40.4

4i.o

Primary metal industries

3.5

3.7

to.5 to.4
to.4 4o.3
4o.o 39.9

to.9 4l.o

Lumber and wood, produces

Stone, clay, and glass products

41.3
3.6

to.5 to.5
3.5
3.5

35.7

33.9
37.1

37.1

35.7

35.6

to.o to.o to.i

to.2

34.3

34.2

34.2

34.3

34.1

37.o

37.o

37.2

37.o

37.1

to.4 to.2 to.3 to.3 to.3
34.2

37.7

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
C-8:

Indexes of aggregate weekly man-hours in industrial and construction activities 1
seasonally adjusted
1957-59=100

Apr. Mar.
1970 1970

Industry

TOTAL

113. 8 115.2

Feb.
1970

Jan.
1970

Dec.
1969

115. 1 115. 1 117.4

Nov.
1969

Oct.
1969

Sept.
1969

Aug. July June
1969 1969 1969

May
1969

Apr.
1969

119.0 118.0

118.6

83. 0

82.8 81.4

78.9

81.7

82.8

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION

118.0 119. 8 120. 1 113.7 121.7 121.4 117. 6 119.5

118. 1 117.9

119.5

119.3

117.4

MANUFACTURING

114. 6 116.0 115. 8 117.0 118. 3 117.7 119. 1 120.0

121.0 119.8

120.4

119.7

120.0

81.4

MINING

82.5

83.6 82.2

83.4

116.9 117. 3 118.4
83.8 82. 1

118. 1 118. 1

118.5 120.6

Ordnance and accessories

119.9 121.3 123.7

122.9 126.0 127.2,

128.5 126.2

126.9

125.8

126.3

162. 3 174.2

DURABLE GOODS

178.8 178. 2 185.8

189. 8 189.6 196.7

205.7 211.5

216.3

219.3

222.1

90.6

90.0

92.3

92.0 92.1

94.7

95.3

94.2

Furniture and fixtures

125. 2 125.8

125.5 128. 1 129.4

129. 7 131.0 131.6

132.9 131.6

134.6

135.6

135.9

Stone, clay, and glass products

110. 5 111.9

113. 3 111.9 114.3

113.9 113. 3 113.9

113.5 112.2

114. 0 113.3

113.6

87.4

Lumber and wood products

88. 6

92.1

91.7 90.8

Primary metal industries

106. 0 109. 1 110.7 112.8 115.6

116.4 118.6

118. 3 115.7 113.2

113.7

112.2

111.9

Fabricated metal products

126. 5 128.7

128.5 130.5 131.9

130.9 131.0

132.5

132.9 132.2

132.8

132.1

132.4

Machinery, except electrical

133.2 135.3

135.8 137.3 138.8

136.6 138.7

139.0

137.3 136. 3 138. 1 137.3

137.7

Electrical equipment and supplies . . .

144. 1 145.3

142.7 137.2 137.5

137.8 150.2

150.7

150.7 150.4

150.6

150.8

150.6

Transportation equipment

104.4 107.4

102.1 109.0 114.8

113. 118. 3 121.7

131.2 121.7

120.0

115.7

118.6

128.2 128. 5 129.9

130.9 130.4

130.9

131.5

130.6

108.0 109. 3 109. 3 109.9 111.8

111.4

110.8

112.3

111.1 110.0

110.6

112. 1 111.8

111.7

95. 0

97.3

97.5

96.2

97.4

97.6

74.1 73.7
76.4
103. 1 103.9
103.9
116.2 115.9 116.3

79.4

79.2

83. 1 80.2
106.2 105.5

75.5
106.2

Instruments and related products . . . .

127. 0

126.7

125.1 126.2 128.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries

108. 2 108.7

109.0 112. 1 113.0

109. 6 110. 0 110.4 111.4 111.3

NONDURABLE GOODS

Food and kindred products

98. 0

Tobacco manufactures

99.4 100.2

99.0

98. 1

98.3

Textile mill products

76. 0 76.2
102. 2 100.8

Apparel and other textile products . . .

114. 6 114.0

Paper and allied products

120. 1 121. 1 121.3 123.3 122.5
118. 6 119. 3 119.6 120.4 121.5

121.6 121.4

120. 0 122.9

123.9 123. 1 123.0

Printing and publishing
Chemicals and allied products

.....

Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and plastics products, nee . . .
Leather and leather products

81.7

84.0

75.2 78.2 69.7
101.1 102.9 104.3
114.6 116.7 117.2

123.2 124.0 123.6
82.2

121.7

120.9 120. 2 119.3

83.0

81.2

157. 1 159. 3 160.1 161.5 161.2 161. 1 161.9

162.6

90. 1 86.4

83.9

86.3

83. 3

88.9

89.5

83.9

88.4 88.2

87. 1

For mining and manufacturing, data refer to production and related workers; for contract construction, data relate to construction workers.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.

384-207 O - 70 - 7




111.2 111.5

96.8

104.3 106.2
116.9 117. 8 119. 1 118.8

118.2

121.7

121.6

121.6

118.9

118.1

118.3

124.9 125. 1 125.4
83.4 84.3 82.9

124.2

123.6

83.8

83.6

163.3 164.9

165.3

164.2

163.5

89.0

91.5

92.3

121.7 121.8
119.3 119.4

89.1

92.5

OUTPUT PER MAN-HOUR
SEASONALLY
ADJUSTED
C-9:

Output per man-hour, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
private economy, seasonally adjusted
(Indexes 1957-59 = 100)
Output

Output per
man-hour

Man-hours

Year and quarter
Private

Private
nonfarm

Private
nonfarm

Private

Private

Private
nonfarm

Real
compensation
per man-hour2
Private
Private
nonfarm

Compensation
per man-hour 1

Unit labor costs
Private

Private
nonfarm

1967:

1st Quarter . . .
2d Quarter . . .
3d Quarter . . .
4th Quarter . . .
Annual average

146.4
147.2
148.9
150.2
148.2

148.2
148.9
150.7
152.1
150.0

110.6
109.6
110.3
110.9
110.4

115.5
114.9
115.3
116.0
115.4

132.4
134.4
134.9
135.4
134.3

128.3
129.6
130.6
131.1
129.9

147.9
150.3
152.2
154.3
151.2

143.5
145.5
147.6
149.7
146.6

129.0
130.1
130.4
131.1
130.1

125.2
126.0
126.4
127.2
126.2

111.7
111.9
112.9
114.0
112.6

111.9
112.3
113.0
114.2
112.9

1968:

1st Quarter . . .
2d Quarter . . .
3d Quarter . . .
4th Quarter . . .
Annual average

152.4
155.2
156.7
158.1
155.6

154.3
157.5
159.0
160.6
157.9

111.2
112.2
112.7
112.6
112.2

116.4
117.5
118.3
118.3
117.6

137.0
138.3
139.0
140.4
138.7

132.6
134.1
134.4
135.8
134.2

158.5
160.8
163.7
167.8
162.7

153.6
155.7
158.1
162.0
157.4

133.3
133.7
134.5
136.3
134.4

129.2
129.4
129.8
131.5
130.0

115.7
116.3
117.8
119.6
117.4

115.9
116.1
117.6
119.4
117.3

1969:

1st Quarter . . .
2d Quarter . . .
3d Quarter . . .
4th Quarter . . .
Annual average

159.1
159.9
160.8
160.5
160.1

161.5
162.3
163.1
16.3.2
162.5

113.7
114.6
115.0
114.3
114.4

119.6
120.7
121.4
121.0
120.6

139.9
139.5
139.8
140.3
139.9

135.0
134,
134.
134.9
134.7

170.5
172.7
175.8
179.4
174.7

164.4
166.5
169.1
172.2
168.1

136.7
136.2
136.8
137.6
136.9

131.8
131.3
131.5
132.1
131.7

121.8
123.8
125.8
127.8
124.9

121.8
123.8
125.8
125.7
124.8

1970:

1st Quarter . . .
2d Quarter . . .
3d Quarter . . .
4th Quarter . . .
Annual average

159.7

162.2

114.0

120.6

140.1

134.5

182.7

175.2

138.0

132.3

130.4

130.3

Percent change over previous quarter at annual rate 3
1967:

1968:

1969:

1970:

1st Quarter
2d Quarter
3d Quarter
4th Quarter

.
.
.
.

..
..
..
..

1.4
2.3.
4.5
3.6

1st Quarter
2d Quarter
3d Quarter
4th Quarter

.
.
.
.

..
..
..
..

6.0
7.4
4.1
3.5

6.0
8.4
4.0
4.0

1.0
3.5
1.9
- 0.3

1.2
3.8
2.8
0.0

1st Quarter
2d Quarter
3d Quarter
4th Quarter

.
.
.
.

..
..
..
..

2.6
1.9
2.2
0.7

2.2
2.0
2.0
0.2

3.8
3.2
1.3
- 2.3

4.6
3.5
2.4
- 1.3

2.4

-

-

1st Quarter . . .
2d Quarter
3d Quarter . . .
4th Quarter . . .

-

1.9

-

-

2.2
1.9
4.8
3.9

-

0.0
3.7
2.9
2.1

1.3

-

0.3
2.1
1.7
2.4

1.2

-

1.4
6.2
1.5
1.5

1.9
4.1
3.0
1.5

3.9
6.7
5.2
5.6

4.9
5.5
5.8
5.9

3.2
3.7
0.9
2.1

4.1
2.6
1.6
2.3

5.3
0.5
3.6
4.1

6.9
1.4
2.7
4.4

4.9
3.8
2.1
3.8

4.8
4.5
1.1
4.0

11.3
6.0
7.5
10.4

10.9
5.5
6.4
10.3

6.8
1.1
2.3

6.5
0.7
1.3

5.5

5.4

6.0
2.1
5.3
6.3

5.9
1.0
5.3
6.0

-

1.2
1.3
0.8
1.6

- 2.3
- 1.4
- 0.4
1.5

6.4
5.4
7.4
8.3

5.8
5.4
6.2
7.6

0.8
1.4
0.4
1.8

7.6
6.8
6.5
6.6

8.3
6.9
6.6
6.0

-

0.6

-

7.7

7.1

1.4

0.8

8.4

8.4

-

1.2

-

1.4
1.4
1.5
2.4

-

Percent change over previous year 4
Year ending 1969: 1st Quarter
2d Quarter
3d Quarter
4th Quarter

4.4
3.0
2.6
1.5

4.6
3.0
2.6
1.6

2.2
2.2
2.0
1.5

2.8
2.7
2.6
2.3

2.1
0.8
0.5
0.0

1.8
0.3
- 0.0
- 0.7

7.6
7.4
7.4
6.9

6.9
6.2

2.6
1.9
1.7
1.0

2.0
1.5
1.3
0.4

5.3
6.5
6.8
6.9

5.1
6.6
7.0
6.9

1970:

0.4

0.4

0.2

0.8

0.1

0.4

7.2

6.6

1.0

0.4

7.1

7.0

1st Quarter
2d Quarter
3d Quarter
4th Quarter

1
Wages and salaries of employees plus employers' contributions for social insurance and private benefit plans. Also includes an estimate of waees salaries and
B
supplementary payments for the self-employed.
'
'
2

Compensation per man-hour adjusted for changes in the consumer price index.

3

Percent change computed from original data.

4

Current quarter divided by comparable quarter a year ago.

Source: Output data from the Office of Business Economics, U.S. Department of Commerce. Man-hours and compensation of all persons from the Bureau of Labor
Statistics. See BLS Handbook of Methods for Surveys and Studies - Chapter 22. Output Per Man-Hour Measures, Private Economy.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA HOURS AND EARNINGS
C-10: Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by State and selected areas
State and area

ALABAMA . .
Birmingham
Mobile . . .

Average weekly earnings

Mar.
1970
$113.65
137.53
133.22

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

$112.68
135.88
132.43

$108.65
130.72
127.56

Average weekly hours

Average hourly earnings

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

40.3
41.3
41.5

40.1
41.3
41.0

41.0
41.5
42.1

$2.82
3.33
3.21

$2.81
3.29
3.23

$2.65
3.15
3.03

ALASKA ,

(*)

191.88

183.11

(*)

39.4

40.6

(*)

4.87

4.51

ARIZONA .
Phoenix •
Tucson ,

129.75
131.60
136.68

129.28
129.89
132.87

124.74
126.38
126.58

39.8
39.4
40.8

39.9
39.6
39.9

40.9
40.9
41.5

3.26
3.34
3.35

3.24
3.28
3.33

3.05
3.09
3.05

ARKANSAS
Fort Smith
Little Rock-North Little Rock
Pine Bluff

95.65
90.44
100.36
121.20

95.20
88.62
100.47
117.90

92.46
87.91
97.36
113.16

39.2
38.0
38.9
40.0

39.5
38.2
39.4
39.3

40.2
39.6
40.4
41.0

2.44
2.38
2.58
3.03

2.41
2.32
2.55
3.00

2.30
2.22
2.41
2.76

148.83
150.22
151.90
126.22
144.36
130.47
129.98
157.06
125.51
144.54
162.01
163.44
156.42
138.17
138.60
148.54
142.12

148.06
149.85
153.87
123.13
143.60
125.43
129.02
154.33
130.82
142.63
163.22
160.63
157.21
136.42
136.35
147.41
142.85

142.71
143.09
145.25
121.37
140.48
125.97
127.12
152.49
120.95
140.13
152.04
154.45
149.60
140.35
123.70
144.84
146.64

39.9
40.6
40.4
38.6
40.1
38.6
38.8
38.4
38.5
39.6
40.2
39.1
39.7
40.4
38.5
39.4
38.0

39.8
40.5
40.6
37.2
40.0
37.0
38.4
38.2
37.7
39.4
40.5
38.8
39.8
39.2
38.3
39.1
38.4

40.2
41.0
40.8
38.9
40.6
39.0
39.6
38.9
37.1
40.5
39.8
39.2
40.0
41.4
37.6
39.9
39.0

3.73
3.70
3.76
3.27
3.60
3.38
3.35
4.09
3.26
3.65
4.03
4.18
3.94
3.42
3.60
3.77
3.74

3.72
3.70
3.79
3.31
3.59
3.39
3.36
4.04
3.47
3.62
4.03
4.14
3.95
3.48
3.56
3.77
3.72

3.55
3.49
3.56
3.12
3.46
3.23
3.21
3.92
3.26
3.46
3.82
3.94
3.74
3.39
3.29
3.63
3.76

COLORADO .
Denver . . .

139.20
144.54

139.26
143.56

134.23
136.75

40.0
40.6

40.6
40.9

40.8
40.7

3.48
3.56

3.43
3.51

3.29
3.36

CONNECTICUT.
Bridgeport . . .
Hartford
New Britain . .
New Haven . . .
Stamford
Waterbury . . .

139.59
144.07
149.94
144.93
137.97
154.73
131.65

139.18
144.63
152.87
144.24
136.96
150.72
131.14

135.14
140.06
147.74
135.76
136.27
142.04
125.10

41.3
41.4
42.0
42.5
40.7
43.1
41.4

41.3
41.8
42.7
42.3
40.4
42.1
41.5

42.1
42.7
43.2
.41.9
41.8
42.4
41.7

3.38
3.48
3.57
3.41
3.39
3.59
3.18

3.37
3.46
3.58
3.41
3.39
3.58
3.16

3.21
3.28
3.42
3,24
3.26
3.35
3.00

DELAWARE
Wilmington

134.40
148.34

130.47
144.87

128.88
141.50

40.0
40.2

39.9
39.8

40.4
40.2

3.36
3.69

3.27
3.64

3.19
3.52

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA :
Washington SMSA
,

(*)

143.56

135.24

(*)

38.8

39.2

(*)

3.70

3.45

FLORIDA
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood
Jacksonville
Miami
Orlando
Pensacola
Tampa-St. Petersburg
West Palm Beach

116.60
122.70
(*)
110.28
118.28
135.38
122.13
136.53

115.75
125.66
116.00
108.53
119.41
131.13
119.58
141.98

109.86
109.08
108.67
102.62
115.45
133.24
114.78
115.31

41.2
40.9
(*)
40.1
41.5
41.4
41.4
43.9

40.9
41.2
40.0
39.9
42.8
40.1
40.4
45.8

41.3
40.7
40.1
40.4
42.6
43.4
42.2
39.9

2.83
3.00
(*)
2.75
2.85
3.27
2.95
3.11

2.83
3.05
2.90
2.72
2.79
3.27
2.96
3.10

2.66
2.68
2.71
2.54
2.71
3.07
2.72
2.89

GEORGIA
Atlanta .
Savannah

106.13
129.26
131.77

104.15
129.03
124.74

101.84
127.17
127.74

39.9
38.7
41.7

39.6
39.1
40.5

40.9
40.5
43.3

2.66
3.34
3.16

2.63
3.30
3.08

2.49
3.14
2.95

HAWAII . .
Honolulu

128.12
127.98

124.80
125.07

115.38
116.44

39.3
38.9

38.4
37.9

37.1
37.2

3.26
3.29

3.25
3.30

3.11
3.13

IDAHO

123.38

119.39

119.10

38.8

37.9

39.7

3.18

3.15

3.00

ILLINOIS
Chicago
Davenport-Rock Island-Moline

147.12

145.71
147.23
164.00

139.50

40.7
(*)
(*)

40.5
40.5
40.5

41.1
41.2
40.4

3.62
(*)
(*)

3.60
3.63
4.05

3.40
3.44
3.85

. CALIFORNIA
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove
Bakersfield
Fresno
Los Angeles-Long Beach
Modesto-Turlock
Oxnard-Ventura
Sacramento
Salinas-Monterey
San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario
San Diego
San Francisco-Oakland
San Jose
Santa Barbara
Santa Rosa
Stockton
Vallejo-Napa

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




(*)
(*)

141.51
155.58

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA HOURS AND EARNINGS

100

C-10: Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by State and selected areas—Continued
State and area

ILLINOIS (continued)
Peoria
Rockford

Average weekly earnings
Mar.
Feb.
Mar.
1970
1970
1969
$170.00
147.67

$159.24
140.41

(*)

144.80
145.93

IOWA
Cedar Rapids
Des Moines
Dubuque
Sioux City
Waterloo

143.35
149.45
148.96
155.66
126.23
158.80

KANSAS
Topeka
Wichita

Average weekly hours
Mar.
Feb.
Mar.
1970
1970
1969

Average hourly earnings

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

(*)
(*)

41.9
41.6

41.8
42.0

(*)
(*)

$4.05
3.55

$3.81
3.34

141.11
140.76

40.3

40.0
40.2

40.9
40.8

$3.65

(*)

(*)

3.62
3.63

3.45
3.45

142.60
139.79
152.05
154.46
128.11
160.00

136.55
137.32
140.48
143.03
127.98
155.13

39.6
41.4
39.2
37.6
40.2
39.8

39.5
39.6
39,7
37.4
40.8
39.8

40.4
41.5
39.3
37.6
42.1
40.8

3.62
3.61
3.80
4.14
3.14
3.99

3.61
3.53
3.83
4.13
3.14
4.02

3.38
3.31
3.57
3.80
3.04
3.81

131.08
157.93
137.66

130.40
157.49
141.65

127.67
151.02
130.36

41.9
45.8
42.0

42.2
45.7
42.9

41.9
45.0
41.6

3.13
3.45
3.28

3.09
3.44
3.30

3.05
3.36
3.13

KENTUCKY
Louisville

126.72
142.96

123.87
144.22

121.00
133.37

39.6
39.6

39.2
39.4

40.2
39.2

3.20
3.61

3.16
3.66

3.01
3.40

LOUISIANA
Baton Rouge
New Orleans
Shreveport..............

134.40
158.42
134.06
118.78

133.66
160.65
130.75
116.00

125.25
145.85
129.78
118.29

41.1
41.8
40.5
40.4

41.0
42.5
39.5
40.0

41.2
41.2
41.2
41.8

3.27
3.79
3.31
2.94

3.26
3.78
3.31
2.90

3.04
3.54
3.15
2.83

MAINE
Lewiston-Auburn
Portland

106.13
85.79
111.76

105.07
86.14
112.46

100.85
84.52
105.99

39.9
36.2
40.2

39.8
36.5
40.6

40.5
37.4
40.3

2.66
2.37
2.78

2.64
2.36
2.77

2.49
2.26
2.63

MARYLAND
Baltimore

134.74
138.40

134.60
139.38

128.30
132.28

40.1
40.0

40.3
40.4

40.6
40.7

3.36
3.46

3.34
3.45

3.16
3.25

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston
Brockton
Fall River
Lawrence-Haverhill
Lowell . . .
New Bedford
Springfield-Chicopee-Holyoke
Worcester
.

124.90
135.54
107.16
95.14
120.66
108.29
100.66
127.68
131.26

124.11
132.60
106.80
92.66
121.77
107.34
98.47
128.64
132.00

120.50
129.20
106.47
95.86
112.28
103.22
99.45
123.02
125.74

39.4
39.4
36.7
35.9
40.9
38.4
37.7
39.9
39.3

39.4
39.0
36.7
35.5
41.0
38.2
37.3
40.2
40.0

40.3
40.0
39.0
37.3
40.1
39.1
39.0
40.6
40.3

3.17
3.44
2.92
2.65
2.95
2.82
2.67
3.20
3.34

3.15
3.40
2.91
2.61
2.97
2.81
2.64
3.20
3.30

2.99
3.23
2.73
2.57
2.80
2.64
2.55
3.03
3.12

MICHIGAN
Ann Arbor
Battle Creek
Bay City
Detroit
Flint
Grand Rapids
Jackson
Kalamazoo
Lansing
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights .
Saginaw

166.46
161.94
172.00
155.25
177.98
182.96
147,66
161.83
168.70
168.39
149.14
167.12

161.29
158.64
168.94
151.73
170.72
167.10
145.60
161.24
165.51
165.36
146.76
163.74

161.68
174.29
170.55
148.98
166.97
184.11
143.73
160.25
151.50
168.55
148.01
174.23

40.6
39.7
43.0
41.3
41.0
40.3
40.3
39.9
43.3
39.8
40.2
39.5

39.6
39.7
42.9
40.7
39.6
37.5
40,0
39.9
43.0
38.9
39.6
38,8

41.8
43.4
45.0
41.8
41.4
41.9
41.6
41.7
42.4
42.8
43.0
42.6

4.10
4.08
4.00
3.76
4.34
4.54
3.66
4.06
3.90
4.23
3.71
4.23

4.07
4.00
3.94
3.73
4.31
4.46
3.64
4.04
3.85 ,
4.25
3.71
4.22

3.87
4.02
3.79
3.56
4.03
4.39
3.46
3.84
3.57

MINNESOTA
Duluth-Superior
Minneapolis-St. Paul

138.63
125=76
146.57

138.97
125.52
147.15

133.62
121.52
140.30

40.4
39.8
40.5

40.1
39.9
40.1

41.1
38.9
41.5

3.43
3.16
3.62

3.46
3.15
3.67

3.25
3.12
3.38

MISSISSIPPI
Jackson

94.88
93.85

94.01
94.16

92.92
92.70

39.7
39.6

39.5
39.9

40.4
41.2

2.39
2.37

2.38
2.36

2.30
2.25

MISSOURI
Kansas City
St. Joseph
St. Louis
Springfield

130.99
129.68
141.43
149.63
106.71

129.36
129.28
139.26
147.26
107.39

125.06
128.70
133.45
141.86
104.68

39.1
39.9
42.6
39.9
38.2

39.2
39.9
42.2
39.8
38.3

39.7
40.6
42.5
40.3
39.5

3.35
3.25
3.32
3.75
2.80

3.30
3.24
3.30
3.70
2.80

3.15
3.17
3.14
3.52
2.65

MONTANA

143.72

142.21

136.49

40.6

40.4

40.5

3.54

3.52

3.37

•NEBRASKA
Omaha

128.56
132.81

127.23
129.47

124.66
127.76

41.7
41.3

41.6
40.9

42.5
42.0

3.09
3.21

3.06
3.17

2.93
3.04

INDIANA
Indianapolis

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliii




(*)
(*)

$147.10

hit
4.09

01

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA HOURS AND EARNINGS

C-10: Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by State and selected areas--Continued
Average weekly earnings
Mar.
Feb.
Mar.
1970
1970
1969

State and area

Average weekly hours
Mar.
Feb.
Mar.
1970
1970
1969

Average hourly earnings
Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

$162.36

$164.36

$146.69

39.6

39.7

38.2

$4.10

$4.14

$3.84

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Manchester

107.13
97.28

107.02
98.56

102.40
91.44

39.1
38.0

39.2
38.2

40.0
38.1

2.74
2.56

2.73
2.58

2.56
2.40

NEW JERSEY
Atlantic City
Camdeni
Jersey City 2
Newark2
Paterson-Clifton-Passaic
Perth Amboy ^
Trenton

137.16
106.74
136.17
145.18
135.83
133.33
138.51
132.21

136.35
104.56
132.05
147.20
135.38
133.93
139.60
123.39

130.88
104.78
130.56
136.18
132.66
133.31
138.20
125.20

40.7
39.1
39.7
41.6
39.6
39.8
40.5
39.0

40.7
38.3
39.3
42.3
39.7
40.1
40.7
38.2

40.9
40.3
40.8
41.9
41.2
41.4
41.5
40.0

3.37
2.73
3.43
3.49
3.43
3.35
3.42
3.39

3.35
2.73
3.36
3.48
3.41.
3.34
3.43
3.23

3.20
2.60
3.20
3.25
3.22
3.22
3.33
3.13

NEW MEXICO
Albuquerque

101.56
113.10

100.34
112.42

102.68
109.57

37.2
38.6

37.3
38.5

39.8

39. i

2.73
2.93

2.69
2.92

2.58
2.76

<*)
143.96
139.50
154.33
125.29
161.44
134.52

126.25
133.80
128.54
151.84
120.50
150.33
127.17
125.53
120.12
118.56
146.56
129.47
136.70
121.77
123.09

(*)
40.1
42.4
40.4
39.4
41.5
39.8
(*)
(*)
(*)
41.3
41.1
41.0
39.8
39.2

39.1
39.7
42.1
40.4
39.0
40.2
39.8
39.1
38.2
37.8
40.1
40.6
40.7
39.4
38.7

39.7
40,3
41.6
41.6
39.9
41.3
40.5
39.6
38.5
38.0
41.4
41.9
41.3
41.0
39.2

(*)
3.59
3.29
3.82
3.18
3.89
3.38
(*)
(*)
(*)
3.79
3.28
3.50
3.18
3.32

3.37
3.55
3.27
3.80
3.14
3.86
3.38
3.35
3.32
3.32
3.75
3.26
3.47
3.15
3.22

3.18
3.32
3.09
3.65
.02
.64
.14
.17
.12
.12
.54
.09
3.31
2.97
3.14

NEVADA

NEW YORK
Albany-Schenectady-Troy
Binghamton
Buffalo
Elmira
Monroe County 3
Nassau and Suffolk Counties ^
New York-Northeastern New Jersey . .
New York SMSA 2
New York City 4
Rochester
Rockland County
Syracuse
Utica-Rome
Westchester County

156.53
134.81
143.50
126.56
130.14

131.77
140.94
137.67
153.52
122.46
155.17
134.52
130.99
126.82
125.50
150,38
132.36
141.23
124.11
124.61

NORTH CAROLINA
Asheville
Charlotte
,...
Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point
Raleigh

96.38
92.43
101.71
105.42
97.22

95.50
92.34
100.95
105.15
97.32

92.29
90.94
98.88
98.50
95.53

39.5
39.0
40.2
38.9
39.2

39.3
38.8
39.9
38.8
39.4

40.3
40.6
41.2
39.4
41.0

2.44
2.37
2.53
2.71
2.48

2.43
2.38
2.53
2.71
2.47

2.29
2.24
2.40
2.50
2.33

NORTH DAKOTA
Fargo-Moorhead

113.11
123.19

111.77
119.07

107.77
109.80

39.3
39.3

39.5
39.3

39.2
35.2

2.88
3.14

2.83
3.03

2.75
3.12

151.88
162.41
150.63
139.74
154.66
143.16
173.06
157.19
155.23

149.92
166.04
150.14
142.68
151.98
138.29
166.87
155.60
154.84

149.23
171.47
145.49
134.72
154.45
138.79
172.00
164.21
156.49

40.5
40.3
40.6

39.2

40.3
41.1
40.8
41.0
40.1
39.4
40.6
40.0
39.5

41.8
43.3
41.1
41.2
42.2
40.7
43.0
43.1
41.4

3.75
4.03
3.71
3.52
3.80
3.57
4.17
3.92
3.96

3.72
4.04
3.68
3.48
3.79
3.51
4.11
3.89
3.92

3.57
3.96
3.54
3.27
3.66
3.41
4.00
3.81
3.78

OKLAHOMA
Oklahoma City
Tulsa

123.62
122.29
136.94

125.26
122.18
139.78

119.19
114.11
130.73

40.4
40.9
41.0

40.8
41.0
41.6

41.1
40.9
41.5

3.06
2.99
3.34

3.07
2.98
3.36

2.90
2.79
3.15

OREGON
Eugene
Portland

143.96
150.14
143.59

143.59
148.99
142.82

140.80
145.85
139.44

38.7
39.2
38.6

38.6
38.8
38.6

40.0
41.2
39.5

3.72
3.83
3.72

3.72
3.84
3.70

3.52
3.54
3.53

PENNSYLVANIA5
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton
......
Altoona 5
ErieS
Harrisburg 5
Johnstown"*
Lancaster 5
Philadelphia 5
Pittsburgh 5
Reading 5
Scranton 5
'.
..
Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton 5
5
York
.........

130.28
128.51
109.03
138.43
124.03
128.25
122.82
136.62
152.59
122.92
99.01
97.47
121.66

128.90
128.12
106.47
135.94
123.62
127.91
120.90
137.02
149.92
120.69
94.96
96.03
120.66

125.42
119.34
108.65
135.04
115.09
123.61
114.05
132.92
146.47
114.00
96.65
92.38
118.30

39.6
39.3
38.8
41.2
40.4
37.5
40.4
39.6
40.8
40.3
36.4
36.1
41.1

39.3
39.3
38.3
40.7
40.4
37.4
39.9
39.6
40.3
39.7
35.3
36.1
40.9

40.2
39.0
39.8
42.2
40.1
37.8
40.3
40.4
40.8
40.0
38.2
37.1
42.4

3.29
3.27
2.81
3.36
3.07
3.42
3.04
3.45
3.74
3.05
2.72
2.70
2.96

3.28
3.26
2.78
3.34
3.06
3.42
3.03
3.46
3.72
3.04
2.69
2.66
2.95

3.12
3.06
2.73
3.20
2.87
3.27
2.83
3.29
3.59
2.85
233
2.49
2.79

OHIO
Akron
Canton .
Cincinnati
Cleveland
Columbus
Dayton
Toledo
Youngstown-Warren

,

•

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




•(*)

(*)

(*)

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA HOURS AND EARNINGS

102

C-10: Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by State and selected areas—Continued
Average weekly hours

Average weekly earnings

Average hourly earnings

State and area

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1969

$111.90
112.29

$111.67
111.78

$105.20
106.66

39.4
39.4

39.6
39.5

40.0
40.1

$2.84
2.85

$2.82
2.83

$2.63
2.66

SOUTH CAROLINA
Charleston
Greenville

100.44
119.14
98.98

99.94
117.45
97.11

96.00
109.34
96.41

40.5
40.8
40.4

40.3
40.5
39.8

41.2
40.8
42.1

2.48
2.92
2.45

2.48
2.90
2.44

2.33
2.68
2.29

SOUTH DAKOTA
Sioux Falls

123.83
144.26

118.29
138.45

119.11
137.23

42.7
44.8

41.8
43.4

43.0
44.7

2.90
3.22

2.83
3.19

2.77
3.07

TENNESSEE
Chattanooga
Knoxville
Memphis
Nashville

106.13
114.34
119.38
116.61
115.42

105.86
117.79
118.59
119.36
116.80

102.26
111.10
115.42
112.31
110.12

39.6
39.7
39.4
39.8
39.8

39.5
40.9
39.4
40.6
40.0

40.1
40.4
40.5
40.4
39.9

2.68
2.88
3.03
2.93
2.90

2.68
2.88
3.01
2.94
2.92

2.55
2.75
2.85
2.78
2.76

TEXAS
Amarillo
Austin
Beaumont-Porf Arthur-Orange.
Corpus Christi *
Dallas
El Paso
Fort Worth
Galves ton-Texas City
Houston
Lubbock
San Antonio
Waco
Wichita Falls
,

127.39
108.53
113.02
167.27
157.91
121.29
83.33
132.84
191.84
152.10
114.30
100.04
107.84
95.11

125.96
107.19
107.18
167.69
151.50
120.50
84.24
130.10
191.33
152.70
111.25
97.20
105.69
95.62

121.84
108.14
100.70
163.90
140.61
119.00
81.51
129.37
174.30
141.95
101.28
99.36
100.17
97.06

40.7
39.9
41.4
40.6
43.5
40.7
38.4
40.5
43.5
41.9
45.0
41.0
39.5
39.3

40.5
39.7
40.6
40.9
42.2
40.3
39.0
41.3
42.9
42.3
43.8
40.5
39.0
38.4

41.3
40.5
41.1
41.6
42.1
41.9
39.0
41.2
42.0
42.5
42.2
41.4
37.8
41.3

3.13
2.72
2.73
4.12
3.63
2.98
2.17
3.28
4.41
3.63
2.54
2.44
2.73
2.42

3.11
2.70
2.64
4.10
3.59
2.99
2.16
3.15
4.46
3.61
2.54
2.40
2.71
2.49

2.95
2.67
2.45
3.94
3.34
2.84
2.09
3.14
4.15
3.34
2.40
2.40
2.65
2.35

UTAH
Salt Lake City

,
,

130.13
118.87

126.87
119.19

127.98
122.22

38.5
38.1

38.1
37.6

39.5
39.3

3.38
3.12

3.33
3.17

3.24
3.11

VERMONT
Burlington
Springfield

,
,
,

119.65
132.82
135.22

118.90
129.24
134.97

113.13
124.12
121.60

41.4
41.9
41.1

41.0
40.9
40.9

41.9
42.8
40.4

2.89
3.17
3.29

2.90
3.16
3.30

2.70
2.90
3.01

VIRGINIA
Lynchburg
Norfolk-Portsmouth
Richmond
Roanoke

107.33
106.30
120.69
119.38
101.15

106.52
104.34
117.29
118.70
99.50

103.53
103.74
106.80
111.16
101.15

39.9
41.2
42.2
39.4
40.3

39.6
40.6
41.3
39.7
39.8

40,6
42.0
40.3
39.7
42.5

2.69
2.58
2.86
3.03
2.51

2.69
2.57
2.84
2.99
2.50

2.55
2.47
2.65
2.80
2.38

WASHINGTON
Seattle-Everett
Spokane
Tacoma

157.61
166.04
148.16
150.14

155.62
163.59
146.67
148.19

149.31
154.84
140.26
144.28

39.6
40.3
39.3
38.4

39.2
39.9
38.7
37.9

39.5
39.4
39.4
39.1

3.98
4.12
3.77
3.91

3.97
4.10
3.79
3.91

3.78

WEST VIRGINIA
Charleston
Huntington-Ashland
Wheeling

132.53
166.60
132.70
137.08

132.20
166.88
133.79
135.26

127.35
154.21
137.48
121.79

39.8
42.5
37.7
40.2

39.7
42.9
37.9
39.9

40.3
42.6
40.2
38.3

3.33
3.92
3.52
3.41

3.33
3.89
3.53
3.39

3.16
3.62
3.42
3.18

WISCONSIN
Green Bay
Kenosha
La Crosse
Madison
Milwaukee
Racine

144.88
146.80
155.02
118.32
153.91
155.53
148.02

144.20
146.47
154.54
114.66
151.61
155.10
147.04

139.31
139.90
148.02
117.98
149.10
151.30
144.42

40.6
42.0
39.0
39.9
39.6
40.5
40.0

40.7
42.2
39.2
39.0
39.4
40.6
40.2

41.6
42.7
40.0
41.1
40.7
41.6
41.3

3.57
3.49
3.97
2.96
3.88
3.84
3.70

3.55
3.47
3.95
2.94
3.85
3.82
3.66

3.35
3.27
3.71
2.87
3.66
3.64
3.50

WYOMING
Casper

122.94
151.20
122.61

122.56
150.02
129.38

118.04
145.24
100.16

36.7
40.0
33.5

38.3
39.9
34.5

38.2
39.9
35.9

3.35
3.78
3.66

3.20
3.76
3.75

3.09
3.64
2.79

RHODE ISLAND
Providence-Pawtucket-Warwick

Cheyenne

.

*

2Subarea

of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Area included in N w York-Northeastern N w Jersey Standard Consolidated Area*.
e
e
JSubarea of Rochester Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Subarea of N w York Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.•
e
5
Revised series; not s t r i c t l y comparable with previously published data.
*Not available.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.
SOURCE: Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
LABOR TURNOVER
D-l:

Labor turnover rates in manufacturing
1959 to date
(Per 100 employees)

Apr.

May

4.1
3.4
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.8
4.6
3.9
4.3
4.5

Jan.

4.2
3.9
*.3
4.3
3.9
3.9
4.1
5.1
4.6
4.6
4.8

June

Annual
average

July

Aug.

Sept.

4.4
3.9
4.4
4.6
4.3
4.4
4.5
5.1
4.7
5.0
5.1

5.2
4.9
5.3
5.1
4.8
5.1
5.4
6.4
5.5
5.7
5.6

5.1
4.8
4.7
4.9
4.8
4.8
5.5
6.1
5.3
5.7
5.9

3.9
3.5
*.3
3.9
3.9
4.0
4.5
5.1
4.7
5.0
4.9

3.4
2.9
3.4
3.0
2.9
3.2
3.9
3.9
3.7
3.8
3.6

3.6
2.3
2.6
2.4
2.5
2.6
3.1
2.9
2.8
3.0
2.9

4.2
3.8
4.1
4.1
3.9
4.0
4.3
5.0
4.4
4.6
4.7

3.0
2.4
2.5
2.9
2.7
2.9
3.2
3.9
3.3
3.7
3.9

3.5
2.9
3.1
3.2
3.2
3.4
3.9
4.8
4.0
4.3
4.3

3.5
2.8
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.5
4.0
4.7
4.1
4.5
4.8

2.6
2.1
2.7
2.5
2.6
2.8
3.5
4.2
3.7
4.0
4.0

1.9
1.5
2.0
1.8
1.8
2.2
2.9
3.1
2.8
2.9
2.8

1.5
1.0
1.4
1.2
1.4
1.6
2.2
2.1
2.0
2.2
2.1

2.6
2.2
2.2
2.5
2.4
2.6

4.0
4.4
4.1
4.4
4.1
4.4
4.3
5.3
4.8
5.0
5.3

4.6
4.8
4.2
5.1
4.8
4.3
5.1
5.8
5.3
6.0
6.2

5.3
5.3
5.1
5.0
4.9
5.1
5.6
6.6
6.2
6.3
6.6

5.5
4.7
4.2
4.4
4.1
4.2
4.5
4.8
4.7
4.9
5.3

4.7
4.5
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.6
3.9
4.3
4.0
4.1
4.3

3.9
4.8
4.0
3.8
3.7
3.7
4.1
4.2
3.9
3.8
4.1

4.1
4.3
4.0
4.1

1.6
1.4
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.5
1.8
2.5
2.1
2.3
2.6

2.1
1.8
1.7
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.6
3.6
3.2
3.7
4.0

2.6
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.4
2.7
3.5
4.5
4.0
4.1
4.4

1.7

1.5
1.5
1.7
2.2
2.8
2.5
2.8
2.9

1.2
.9
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.7
2.1
1.9
2.1
2.1

1.0
.7
.9
.8
.8
1.0
1.4
1.7
1.5
1.6
1.6

1.5
1.3
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.5
1.9
2.6
2.3
2.5
2.7

1.8
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.0
2.1
1.8
2.0
1.9
1.7
1.6

1.8
2.4
1.8
2.2
1.9
1.4
1.6
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.1

2.0
2.4
2.1
1.9
1.8
1.5
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.1
1.1

3.2
2.8
2.0
2.2
1.9
1.8
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.2
1.3

2.9
3.1
2.2
2.3
2.1
1.7
1.5
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.3

2.4
3.6
2.6
2.5
2.3
2.1
1.9
1.7
1.6
1.4
1.8

2.0
2.4
2.2
2.0
1.8
1.7
1.4
1.2
1.4
1.2
1.2

Total accessions
1959
i960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970

3.8
4.0
3.7
4.1
3.6
3.6
3.8
4.6
4.3
4.2
4.6
4.0

3.7
3.5
3.2
3.6
3.3
3.4
3.5
4.2
3.6
3.8
3.9
3.6

4.1
3.3
4.0
3.8
3.5
3.7
4.0
4.9
3.9
3.9
4.4
3.8

5.4
4.7
5.0
5.0
4.8
5.1
5.6
6.7
5.9
5.9
6.6

N e w hires

1959
i960
1961
1962
1963.
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970

2.0
2.2
1.5
2.2
1.9
2.0
2.4
3.2
3.0
3.0
3.3
2.9

2.1
2.2
1.4
2.1
1.8
2.0
2.4
3.1
2.7
2.7
3.0
2.5

2.4
2.0
1.6
2.2
2.0
2.2
2.8
3.7
2.8
2.9
3.4
2.7

1959
i960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970

3.7
3.6
4.7
3.9
4.0
4.0
3.7
4.0
4.5
4.4
4.5
4.3

3.1
3.5
3.9
3.4
3.2
3.3
3.1
3.6
4.0
3.9
4.0
4.3

1959

1.1
1.2
.9
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.9
2.1
2.0
2.3
2.1

1.0
1.2
.8
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.8
1.9
1.9
2.1
1.9

2.5
2.0
1.8
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.6
3.6
2.8
3.2
3.5

2.7
2.3
2.1
2.8
2.5
2.5
3.0
4.1
3.3
3.6
3.8

3.3
4.0
3.8
3.6
3.5
3-5
3.44.1
4.6
4.1
4.4
4.4

3.6
4.2
3.4
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.7
fc.3
4.3
4.1
4.5

3.5
3.9
3.5
3.8
3.6
3.6
3.6
4.3
4.2
4.3
4.6

1.2
1.2
•9
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.5
2.3
2.1
2.1
2.4
2.0

1.4
1.4
1.0
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.7
2.5
2.2
2.2
2.6

1.5
1.3
1.1
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.7
2.5
2.2
2.4
2.7

•1.6
1959
1.5
2.2
1.7
i960
2.6
2.3
1961
1.6
1.7
1962
1.6
1.7
1963.........
1.6
1.6
1964
1.2
1.2
1965
1.0
1.0
1966
1.3
1.5
1967
1.2
1.1
1968
1.0
1.0
1969
1.5
1.6
1.7
1970
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

1.6
2.2
1.9
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.0
1.3
1.0
.9

1.4
1.9
1.8
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.1
.9
1.1
1.0
.9

-

3.7
3.0
2.9
3.5
3.3
3.6
4.3
5.6
4.6
4.7
5.4

§3
3.3
3.5
3.7

Total separations

1961.!!!!...!
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970

3.6
4.0
3.6
3.8
3.4
3.5
3.6
4.4
4.3
4.1
4.5

3.9
3.9
4.1
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.9

Quits
1.5
1.4
1.2
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.7
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.6

U

Layoffs




2.1
1.8
3.2
2.1
2.2
2.0
1.6
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.2

1.4
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.1
1.0
1.1
.9
.9

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
LABOR TURNOVER
D-2: Labor turnover rates, by industry
(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates
SIC
Code

Industry

Feb.
1970

3.8

MANUFACTURING .

Mar.
1970

3.6

Separation rates
Quits

Mar. Feb.
1970 1970

2.7

Mar. Feb.
1970 1970

Mar. Feb.
1970 1970

Layoffs

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

1.6

1.5

2.5

4.4

4.3

2.0

2.3

4.4

4.3

1.8

1.7

1.7

1.8

2.2

2.2

1.5

1.2

19,24,25,32-39

DURABLE GOODS

3.4

3.3

2.4

20-23,26-31

NONDURABLE GOODS .

4.2

4.0

3.0

2.9

4.5

4.2

1.2

1.5
1.3

.5

.8
.6

4.6
4.6

3.8
3.9

1. 1
1.0

1.0
.9

2.9
3.0

2.2
2.3

6
4
3
3
2
4
.8

2.7
1.9
1.9
2.8
3.9
2.0
1.6
1.5
.6

Durable Goods

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES

19

Ammunition, except for small arms . . . .

.9

24
242
2421
243
2431
2432
244
2441,2
249

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS
Sawmills and planing mills
Sawmills and planing mills, general . .
Mill work, plywood & related products . . .
Millwork
Veneer and plywood
Wooden containers
Wooden boxes, shook, and crates . . . .
Miscellaneous wood products

5.3
4.6
4.6
4.3
4.6
3.5
8.0
7.0
7.0

4. 1
3.3
3.2
4.0
3.5
4.0
6.6
6.1
5.4

4.0
3. 3
3. 3
3.2
3.1
2.8
7. 3
6.3
6.2

3. 3
2.7
2.7
2.8
2.6
2.7
6.3
5.6
4.4

5.9
5. 1
4.7
4.5
4.0
5.1
7.8
6.9
7.4

6. 3
5.2
4.9
5.9
6.9
4.9
7.0
6.6
5.4

3.4
3.0
2.9
2. 3
2.2
2.5
5.8
4.8
4.9

2.9
2.7
2.4
2.3
2. 3
2.2
4.5
4.2
3.5

25
251
2511
2512
2515
252-

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES

4.7
4.9
5.0
3.5
5.5
3.6

4.0
4.0
3.9
3.1
4. 7
3.5

3.7
3.8
3.7
2,6
4.8
2.6

3.2
3.2
3.0
2.4
4.0
3.0

5.8
5.8
6.5
4.4
5.8
4.8

5.6
5.8
6.3
4.4
6.4
5.0

3.2
3. 3
3.5
2.7
3.8
2.8

3.0
3.3
3.2
2.5
4. 1
3.0

1.5
1. 3
1.9

32
321
322
3221
3229
324
325
3251
326
3291

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS

4.2
4.4
4.5
4.9
3.9
2.5
4.9
5.9
3.9
1.2

3.8
1.4
4.2
4.5
3.7
2.5
3.9
4.2
4.5
1.7

2.8

2.6
.2
2.1
2.9
1.2
.8
3.1
3. 3
3.6
1.4

4. 1 4. 3
6.0 5.4
4.6 4.0
4.8 4. 3
4.5 3.5
1.9 2.9
4.6 5.9
6. 1 7. 3
3.5 4. 7
3. 1 3.9

2. 1
.4
2.4

1.9
.4
1.6
2. 1
1.0
.4
2.8
3.5
2.6
1.3

1.2 1.5
5.0 4. 1
1. 1 1.3
.5 1. 3
1.8 1.2
. 3 1.5
.9 2.4
1. 3 3.2
.2 1.0
1.4 1.6

33
331
3312
332
3321
3322
3323
333,4
335
3351
3352
3357
336
3361
3362,9
339
3391

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES

2.7
2. 1
2.0
4. 3
4. 3
5.7
3.9
2. 1
2.4
1.3
2.8

2.8
2.2
2.2
4.5
4.4
5.7
4.4
2.5
2. 3
1.3
1.7
3.5
4. 1
4.8
3.4
2.9
3.0

1.9 1.9
1. 1 1. 3
1.0 1. 3
4.0 3.4
3.9 3. 1
5.5 4.7
3.6 3.6
1.7 2.0
1.7 1.4
1.0
.9
1.4 1. 1
1.9
2.8 3.0
2.8 3. 3
2.7 2.5
1.8 2. 1
1.9 2.1

3.5 3.6
2.5 2.6
2.5 2.5
5.7 5.9
6. 1 6.2
7.0 7c 5
4.4 4.6
2.2 2.4
3.2 3. 3
2.5 2.9
3. 3 2.6
(2) 4.6
5.6 5.9
5. 1 6.4
6.1 5.4
4.5 4.5
4. 1 4.9

1.4
.7
.7
3.1
3.1

1. 3

1.0

2.5
2.6
3. 3
2.0

1. 3
1.7
1.5
.4
.3

192

Household furniture
Wood household furniture
Upholstered household furniture
Mattresses and bedsprings
Office furniture

Flat glass
Glass and glassware, pressed or blown. .
Glass containers
Pressed and blown glass, n e e
Cement, hydraulic
Structural clay products
Brick and structural clay tile
Pottery and related products
Abrasive products

Blast furnace and basic steel products . .
Blast furnaces and steel mills
Iron and steel foundries
Gray iron foundries
Malleable iron foundries
Steel foundries
Nonferrous metals
Nonferrous rolling and drawing
Copper rolling and drawing
Aluminum rolling and drawing
Nonferrous wire drawing, and insulatinj
Nonferrous foundries
Aluminum castings
Other nonferrous castings
Miscellaneous primary metal products. . .
Iron and steel forgings

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




(2)

3.5
3.8
3.2
2.7
2.8

(*)
3.0
3.7
2. 1
1.2
3.4
3.9
3.1
1. 1

3. 1
1.4
.6
2.8
3.8
2. 3
1.2

3.9
2.7

1.0
1. 3
.9
.9
2
( )

2.5
2.5
2.5

1.5
1.4

.9
1.2
2.5
2.8
2.2
1.5
1.4

.9

1. 1

.9

.6
.9

1.0
1.0
1.4
(2)
1.6
1.6
1.7
2.0
1.8

1.6
1.6
2. 1
1.2
1.0
1.0

1.2
.7
.7
2. 1
2.5
2.4
1.2
.2
1.6
1.5
.9

2.6
2.2
2.1
2.4
2.1
2.6

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
LABOR TURNOVER
D-2 : Labor turnover rates, by industry-Continued
(Per 100 employees)
SIC
Code

Separation rates
Quit;

Industry

Mar.
1970

FebT Mar. Feb.
1970 1970 1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Layoffs

Mar. Feb. Mar.
1970 1970 1970

Feb.

1Q70

Durable Goods—Continued

H

3.7
4.6
3.0
2.7
3.2
3.2
3.4
3.1
3.6
4.5
2.8
2.8
3.2
2. 1
3.9
4. 1
3.6
3. 3

3.1
2.9
2.5
2.9
2.2
2.6
2.1
2.9
3.6
4. 3
3. 1
3.7
2. 3
1.6
2.4
3.3
3.2
2.9

2.7
1.8
2.1
2.4
1.9
2.8
2.7
2.8
3.0
3.8
2.4
2.4
2.9
1.8
1.8
3. 3
3.2
2.9

4.6
4.0
4. 3
3.2
5. 1
3.7
3. 3
3.9
4. 3
5.0
2.9
5.7
3.8
3.8
5.7
4. 3
3.7
3.6

4.9
5.6
5.7
3. 1
7.7
4. 1
4. 1
4. 1
4.5
4.6
3.4
4.0
4.2
3.2
5.4
5.6
3.8
3.4

2.2
1.2
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.9
2.0
2. 1
2.7
1.7
2.5
2.0
1.6
2.4
2.5
2.0
1.9

2.0
1. 1
1.6
1.7
1.5
2.0
1.9
2.0
2. 1
2. 3
1.7
1.7
2.2
1.4
1.5
2.8
2.0

1.9
3.0
3.0
.6
4.8
2
1
1.0
2
4
1.2
2
1. 1
.8
.6
2.1 1.7
1.0
.9
.8
1.3
3.0
2. 3
1.2
.8

2.2
1.5
1.8
1.4
2.0
2.6
2.4
2.9
1.9
2.0
1.2
1.6
1. 3
2.1
2.4
2.8
1.9
2.1
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.3
3.9
4.7

2.2
1.5
1.3
1.6
2.5
2.5
2.1
2.9
2.4
1.8
1.2
1.5
1.6
2.0
2.5
1.6
2.0
2.0
1.3
1.9
1.8
1.9
3.1
3.4

3. 1 3.2
3. 1 3.4
1.4 1.6
4.0 4. 3
4.2 4.6
3.0 2.8
3.0 2. 3
3.0 3.2
2.6 2.7
3. 3 2.9
2.8 2.5
2.4 2.4
3.0 2.5
2.5 2.6
2.6 2.2
3.4 4.0
2.7 2.8
2.6 2.4
3. 1 2.9
2.5 2.6
2.6 2.5
2.4 2.2
3.5 3.5
4. 1 3.7

1.4
.8
.6
.9
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.0
1.4
1.0
1.4
1.4
1.9
1.3
1.4
1.2
1.3
1.0
.9
1.9
2.2

1.3
.9
.8
1.0
1.5
1.4
1.1
1.8
1.5
1.2
1.1
1. 1
1.0
1.4
1. 1
2.2
1.3
1.4
1.0
1.4
1.0
.9
1.6
1.6

.8
1. 1
.1
1.7
1.7
.7
.8
.4

5.5

2.9
2.9
2. 3
3.2
4.4
2.8
2.6
3.3
2.7
2. 3
1.5
1.8
2.2
2. 3
2.8
2.0
2.4
2. 3
2. 3
2. 3
2.6
2.5
3.9
4,4

3.0
3.4
4. 1
3.7
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.1
3.9
3.9
3.0
5. 3
4. 1
2. 3
5.1
4.2
(2)
2.1
(2)
1.2
3.1
2.3
3.3
2.9
2.0

3. 1
3.0
2.8
3.7
2.8
2.8
3.0
2.1
3.7
3.6
3. 1
4.8
3.7
2.7
3.8
4.2
4. 3
2. 3
4.0
1.6
3.4
2.7
3.5
2.7
1.5

2.2
2.7
3. 3
3.0
2.0
1.8
1.7
1.6
3.0
3.5
1.0
4. 1
3.3
1.9
3.8
3.8
(2)
1.7
(2)
.7
2. 1
1.6
2.2
2.1
1.0

2. 1
2.2
2.2
2. 1
2.2
1.8
1.6
1.6
2.7
2.6
1.7
4.0
2.9
2.0
2.7
3.4
1.8
1.7
3.7
.9
2.3
1.2
2.5
2.0

4.4 4. 1
3.5 3.2
4.4 3.2
3. 1 3.3
3. 1 3. 1
3.0 3.7
2.9 4.5
3.6 2.2
3.6 3.8
2.6 3.0
2.4 3.6
5.4 5.5
4.6 4.4
1.8 3.2
6.6 5.8
4.7 4.2
(2) 5.9
4.2 3.5
(2) 2.1
4.9 4. 1
4.7 4. 7
2.9 3.1
5.0 5.0
5.3 4.8
5.6 4.7

1.7
1.7
1.7
1.9
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.3
1.7
1.4
1.2
2.8
2.4
1.0
2.6
2.9
(2)
1.3
(2)
1.0
1.9
1.6
1.9
1.6
1. 1

1.7
1.7
1.7
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.3
1.8
1.5
1.3
2.8
2. 1
1.7
2.0
2.4
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.2
2. 1
1.4
2.2
1.3

1.6
.7
1.3
.2
.5
.7.
.6
1. 1
.8
.5
.4
1. 3
1. 1
. 1
2.8
.5
(2)
2.3
(2)

FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS

Metal cans
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware
Cutlery and hand tools, incl. saws
Hardware, n e e
Plumbing and heating, except electric
Sanitary ware & plumbers' brass goods
Heating equipment, except electric
Fabricated structural metal products
Fabricated structural steel
Fabricated plate work (boiler shops)
Architectural and misc. metal work
Screw machine products, bolts, etc
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers
Metal stampings
Misc. fabricated wire products
Misc. fabricated metal products
Valves, pipe, and pipe fittings

341
342
3421,3,5
3429
343
3431,2
3433
344

3441
3443
3446,9
345
3452
346
348
349
3494,8
35
351
3511
3519
352
353
3531,2
3533
3535,6
354
3541
3545
3542,8
355
3551
3552
356
3561
3562
3566
357
3573
358
3585

MACHINERY, EXCEPT ELECTRICAL
Engines and turbines
Steam engines and turbines
Internal combustion engines, n e e
Farm machinery
Construction and related machinery
Construction and mining machinery
Oil field machinery
Conveyors, hoists, cranes, monorails
Metal working machinery
Machine tools, metal cutting types
Machine tool accessories
Misc. metal working machinery
Special industry machinery
Food products machinery
Textile machinery
General industrial machinery
Pumps and compressors
Ball and roller bearings
Power transmission equipment
Office and computing machines . .
Electronic computing1 equipment
Service industry machines
Refrigeration machinery .

36
361
3611
3612
3613
362
3621
3622
363
3632
3633
3634
364
3641
3642
3643,4
365
366
3661
3662
367
3671-3
3674,9
369
3694

2.8
2.3
2.4
2.3
3.2
2.8
2.7
3. 1
2.2
2.2
1.5
1.9
1.7
2.5
2.7
3.2
2.3
2.6
2.0
2.0
2. 3
2.2

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES

Electric test & distributing equipment
Electric measuring instruments
Transformers
,
Switchgear and switchboard apparatus
Electrical industrial apparatus
Motors and generators
Industrial controls
Household appliances
Household refrigerators and freezers
Household laundry equipment
Electric housewares and fans
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Electric lamps
Lighting fixtures
Wiring devices
Radio and TV receiving equipment
Communication equipment
Telephone and telegraph apparatus
Radio and TV communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Electron tubes
Other electronic components
Misc. electrical equipment & supplies
Engine electrical equipment

. ..

4O6

.

..

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




.9

.7

1.4
1.9
1.4
.5
2.0
.8
.5

.6
.7

.6
1. 1
1. 1
.5
1.5
.5
.5
.8
. 7
.5
1.2
..5
.4
.4
.4
.5

3.2
1.5
.6
1.7
2.0
2.4

.9
. 7

.9

1.2
(')
1.8
2.0
.6
.4
.4
.4
.9
.9
.7

1.0
,6
.3
1.2
.8
.4
1.5
.5
.4
.4
1.0
1.0
1.4
.6
.8
.6
.6
1.2
2.0
.4
.8
. 3
1.5
1.4
1.3
.4
2.8
.8
2.8
1.5
. 1
2. 1
1.5
.7
1.7
2. 3
3.2

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
LABOR TURNOVER
D-2:

Labor turnover rates, by industry—Continued
(Per 100 employees)

SIC
Code

Accession rates
Total
New hires
Mar. Feb. Mar. F e b .
1970 1970 1970 1970

Industry

Mar. Feb.
1Q70

1970

Separation rates
Quits
Mar. F e b .
1970 1970

Layoffs

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

Durable Goods—Continued

37
371
3711
3712
3713
3714
372
3721
3722
3723,9
373
3731
374
375,9

7.4

•

INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS

Engineering & scientific instruments
Mechanical measuring & control .devices. . . .
Mechanical measuring devices
Automatic temperature controls
.
Optical and ophthalmic goods
Medical instruments and supplies
Photographic equipment and supplies
Watches, clocks, and watchcases

382

3821
3822
383,5
384
386
387

39
391
394
3941-3
3949
395
396
393,8,9

1.0
2.0
5.1
5.0
(2)
5. 1

2.7
2. 3
3.2
2.9
3.8
2.8
3.2
1.5
5.0

2.6
1.8
2.7
2.2
3.4
3. 1
2.9
2.0
4.7

5.9

4.1
11.1
14.6
7. 1
3.2
3.8
4.3

Motor vehicles and equipment
Motor vehicles
Passenger car bodies
Truck and bus bodies
Motor vehicle parts and accessories
Aircraft and parts
Aircraft
Aircraft engines and engine.parts
Other aircraft parts and equipment
Ship and boat building and repairing
Ship building and repairing
Railroad equipment
Other transportation equipment

381

3.3
3.4
3.9
6.1
5.8
2.5
1.5
1.3
1.5
2.1
7.2
7.1
4.9
7.7

MISCELLANEOUS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware
Toys and sporting goods
Games, toys, dolls, & play vehicles
Sporting and athletic goods, n e e
Pens, pencils, office and art supplies
Costume jewelry and notions
Other manufacturing industries

1.7
1.2
1.4
1.2

1.2
(2

3.9
2. 3
5.9

4. 1
2.8
4.2
9.3
9.2
(2)
7.0

5.4
6.2
6.5
7.9
4.9
5.8
3.6
4.1
2.5
3.4
8. 1
7.0
3.4
7.7

.6
.5
1.2
2.8
1.9
(2)
3.7

1.0
.5
2.1
.7
.8
.7
.7
1.0
2.6
1.9
1.1
3.9

2. 1
2.0
2.1
2.5
1.5
2.4
2.7
1.2
3.5

2.0
1.3
1.8
2.0
1.6
2.7
2.6
1.7
2.6

3.1
3.1
3.4
2.8
4.3
3.0
3. 3
1.7
6.9

3. 2
3.4
3.4
3.0
3.9
3.2
2.8
1.9
6.7

1.4
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.6
1.9
1.9
.8
2.6

1.4
1.2
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.7
1.6
.9
2.1

1.6
.6
. 3
.4
2.6

1.0
1.7
1. 1
1. 1
1. 1
.8
.7
.3
3.3

5.2
2.9
9.4
12.0
6.4
3. 1
4.6
3.8

4.0
3.3
6.1
6.7
5.5
2.8
2.9
3. 3

3.7
2.4
5. 3
5.7
4.9
2.9
3.8
3.2

5.6
5. 3
7.7
8. 1
7. 2
4. 1
6. 1
4.5

4.7
4.0
6.6
7. 2
5.9
3.2
4.7
4.0

2.8
3.2
3.9
4. 3
3.5
2. 1
2.8
2.1

2.5
2. 3
3.5
3.8
3. 1
2.0
2.4
2.1

1.7
1.3
2.1
2. 3
1.8
1. 3
2. 3
1.5

1.2
1. 1
1.6
1.9
1.2
.5
1.5
1. 1

5.5
6.4
5.7
10.0
4.0
2.7
4.6
3.7
3.8
3. 1
6.7
7.6
5.6
4.4

4.9
5. 3
4.4
8.7
3.6
3.4
3.8
3.8
3.7
4.0
5.2
5.7
5.0
5.9

3.5
3.6
1.8
8.3
3.0
2.2
4.4
3.1
3.3
2.4
3.0
3.3
3.9
1.5

3.4
3.6
2. 1
7.6
2.7
2.1
3.3
39 1
3.2
2.9
3.5
3.8
3.1
2.0

5.9
7.0
6.5
9.5
4.5
3.7
4.6
4.0
3.5
6.1
7.0
7.7
3.9
2.1

5.2
6.1
5.6
8.2
3.6
4.0
3.5
3.9
3.9
3.6
7.3
8.2
4.0
3.7

2.6
3.2
1.6
7.4
2.3
1.6
3.3
2.3
2. 3
2.3
2.8
3.0
2. 1
.3

2.5
2.9
1.6
6.4
1.8
1.7
2.3
2.3
2.4
2. 1
3.4
3.8
2. 1
.6

2.5
2.9
4. 1
1.0
1. 3
1.2
.4

2.0
2. 3
3.3
.9
1.0
1.6
.4
.9
1.0
.7
3.3
3.7
1.4
2.6

2.2
1.4
4. 1

2.9
2.2
5. 1

1.8
1.2
3.4

2.2
1.7
3.5

3.8
1.8
5.0

6.0
1.7
4.8

1.8
1.2
3.8

1.9

1.3

3.5

TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT

2

1.7

1

3.9
.7
.9
.8
.9

1.5
4.4

5.5

a

1.2
.9

3.4

Pi)
(2

2.7
3.2
1.8
2.2
5.2
6.1
(2)
1.7

.9

1.3
1.2
.9

3.4
4. 3
4.5
6.5
1.9
4. 1
2.4
3.0
1. 1
1.9
4.3
4. 1
1.1
2.0

Nondurable Goods

20
201
2011
2015
204

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS

Meat products
Meat packing plants
Poultry dressing plants
Grain mill products
Flour and other grain mill products .
Prepared feeds for animals and fowls
Bakery products
Bread, cake, and related products . .
Cookies and crackers
Confectionery and related products . . .
Confectionery products
Beverages
Malt liquors

2041
2042

205
2051
2052
207
2071
208
2082

21
211
212

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES
Cigarettes
Cigars

•

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




.9
3.6

.9

.6
2.4
3.7
4.2
1. 1
1.6

3.3
( )
.4

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
LABOR TURNOVER
D-2:

Labor turnover rates, by industry—Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates

SIC
Code

Industry

JVLar. F e b .
1970 | 1 9 7 0

Mar.
1970

Separation rates
Quits
Mar. Feb.
1970 1970

Layoffs
Mar. F e b .
1970 1970

Feb.
1970

Mar.
1970

Feb.
1970

3.4
3. 3
3.0
3.8
3.0
3. 3
2.9
3. 2

3. 2
3.3
2.7
3.4
2.8
3. 1
2. 7
3. 2

5. 0
4. 9
4. 9
4.2
4.9
4. 5
3. 7
3. 7
3.4

5.0
4.4
5. 0
4. 7
5. 7
4.8
4. 2
3. 6
3. 7
4. 1
5.3
6.4
5. 6

3. 2
3.6
3.0
2.6
2.5
2.7
3. 1
2. 1
2.7
2. 5
3.4
4.6
2.7

3.0
3. 1
2.9
2.6
2. 8
2.8
2.8
2. 6
2.5
2.4
2. 8
4.5
2. 6

0. 8
.3
1. 0
.4
1.4
1. 0
.3
1. 2
1. 0
.7
1. 0

1. 0
.2
1. 2
.9
1.8
1. 2
.9
.5
.8
.8
1.6
.8
1. 8

2.4
1.5
3. 1
3. 2
2. 8
3.4
2. 8
2.9
2.4

2.5
2. 6
.8
.4
.3
.1
1. 2
.7
2. 3

1. 7
1. 8
.7
.5
.4
.6
1. 6
1. 2
2.6

.6
. 5
.2
. 7
1.3
. 7
.9
.6

.7
.4
.2
.8
1. 0
1. 0
1. 1

Nondurable Goods—Continued

2251
2252
2254
226
227
228
229

TEXTILE MILL PRODUCTS
Weaving mills, cotton
Weaving mills, synthetics
Weaving and finishing mills, wool
Narrow fabric mills
Knitting mills
Women's hosiery, except socks
Hosiery, n e e
Knit underwear mills
Textile finishing, except wool
Floor covering mills
Yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods

4.6
4.4
3.6
5. 2
4. 3
5. 0
3. 1
4. 5
3.4
3.6
3.8
5.6
5. 1

4. 2
4. 2
3.4
4.6
3.6
4.4
3. 2
3. 9
2.9
3.4
3.0
5. 8
4. 2

2. 1
2.5
3. 3
4.6
3.6

2. 2
2.9
2.4
4.5
3. 2

23
231
232
2321
2327
2328
234
2341
2342

APPAREL AND OTHER TEXTILE PRODUCTS
Men's and boys' suits and coats
'. . .
Men's and boys' furnishings
Men's and boys' shirts and nightwear. . . .
Men's and boys' separate trousers
Men's and boys' work clothing
Women's and children's undergarments
Women's and children's underwear
Corsets and allied garments

4.9
2.8
5.4
5. 7
4. 5

5. 5
4. 1
4. 7
2. 8

5. 1
2. 7
5.4
6.0
4. 2
5. 0
4. 2
4. 5
3.4

3.4
1. 2
4. 2
4. 2
3.7
4.6
2. 3
2.5
1.7

3.4
1.6
4.0
4.3
3. 1
4. 1
2.9
3.4
1.9

5.7
4. 5
4. 7
4. 1
3.8
4. 9
4. 3
3. 8
5. 6

4.9
3. 9
4. 5
4. 5
3.8
4. 7

5. 2
4. 7
6.4

2.5
1.4
3.2
3.0
2.9
3.8
2.4
2.4
2.5

PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS

3. 1
1. 7
2. 2
4. 2
5. 0
3. 8
4.4
3. 1

3. 0
1.5
1.9
4. 3
5. 8
3. 8
4. 6
3. 0

2.4
1. 2
1.9
3.4
4. 2
3. 1
3.6
2.6

2.5
1. 2
1.6
3.5
4. 8
3. 2
3. 7
2. 6

3.0
1. 8
2. 0
3. 7
5. 5
4. 1
4. 9
3. 8

3.4
1. 8
1. 9
4. 3
5. 5
4. 7
5. 7
4. 0

1.7
.8
1.2
2. 1
3.0
2.5
3. 1
2.4

1. 8
.8
1. 0
2.4
3. 2
2. 7
3.3
2.3

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING

3.4

3. 1

2. 8

2. 5

3. 1

3. 0

1.8

1. 8

28
281
282
2821
2823,4
283
2834
284
2841
2844
285
286,9

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS

2.4
1.6
1. 7
2. 1
1. 3
2.4
2. 5
3.4
2. 6
3. 8
2.4
2. 1

2..1
1. 5
1. 3
1. 3
1.2
2. 3
2.4
3.4
1. 7
4.6
2. 2
1. 7

2. 0
1.4
1. 2
1. 7
.7
2. 1
2. 2
2. 5
1. 2
2.9
2. 1
1.6

1. 7
1. 2
.9

2. 2
1.4
1. 7
1. 5
1.8
1.9
2. 1
3. 7
3. 2
4. 6
2. 3
3.7

1. 2
.8

1. 1
.7

1. 1
.7
2. 1
2. 2
2.3
.8
3. 1
1.8
1.3

2. 5
1. 8
2. 5
2.4
2. 7
1. 7
1. 8
3. 1
2. 0
4.4
2. 2
4. 0

29
291
295,9

PETROLEUM AND COAL PRODUCTS

1.9
1. 5
3. 7

2.0
1.6
3. 7

1. 7
1. 3
3. 1

1. 7
1.4
2.8

2. 3
1. 8
4. 6

1. 8
1.4
3. 8

30
301
302,3,6
307

RUBBER

4.4
1. 8
3. 8
5. 8

4. 0
1. 9
3. 2
5.4

3. 3
1. 2
2.6
4. 7

3. 1
1. 2
2. 1
4.5

4.9
1. 6
5. 3
6.0

5. 0
1. 6
5. 0
6.5

22
221
222
223
224
225

261,2,6
263
264
2643
265
2651,2
2653

Paper and pulp mills
Paperboard mills
Misc. converted paper products
Bags, except textile bags
Paperboard containers and boxes
Folding and setup paperboard boxes
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes

Industrial chemicals
Plastics materials and synthetics
Plastics materials and resins
Synthetic fibers
Drugs
Pharmaceutical preparations*
Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods.
Soap and other detergents
Toilet preparations*
Paints and allied products
Other chemical products

Petroleum refining
Other petroleum and coal products

AND PLASTICS PRODUCTS, N E C .

Tires and inner tubes
Other rubber products
Miscellaneous plastics products

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

5. 0
5.4
6.4
4. 6

.9
.3

.7
1. 1
1. 3
1.5
.5
2.0
1. 2
1. 2

.6
.2
.9
.4
1. 5
.2
.3
.8
.9
1. 1
.2
2. 0

.6
2.3

.5
1.9

2. 5
.6
2. 1
3.5

2. 5
.6
2. 1
3.5

1. 3
.3
1. 7
1.4

. 6

.7
.5
1.4

.9

1. 1
.7
1.0
1. 1
1.4
.6
1.9
1.3
1.3

.9

. 1
. 5
. 2
. 8
. 3
.4
1. 3
2. 1
1. 3
. 6
1. 8

1. 5
. 3
1.9
1. 8

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
LABOR TURNOVER
D-2:

Labor turnover rates, by industry—Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Separation rates
Quits

Accession rates
SIC
Code

Industry

Mar. Feb.
1970 1970

Mar. Feb.
1970 1970

Mar. Feb.
1970 1970

Mar.
1970

Layoffs

Feb. Mar.
1970 1970

Feb.
1970

Nondurable Goods—Continued
31
311
314

5.0
4. 7
5.0

LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS

Leather tanning and finishing
Footwear, except rubber

5.3
4. 3
5. 1

3. 6
3. 2
3.4

3.6
2. 8
3. 5

5.8
5.4
5. 2

5. 7
5. 6
5.6

3. 2
2. 5
3. 1

3. 2
2. 1
3. 2

1.8
2. 2
1. 2

1.4
2. 6
1. 3

.1
.1

NONMANUFACTURING

10
101
102

METAL MINING.
Iron o r e s . . .
Copper ores .

3.5
2. 5
3.5

3. 6
2. 6
4.0

2. 7
. 7
2.9

2. 9
1. 3
3. 2

2. 6
1.6
2. 2

1. 6
.6
1.4

.4
1. 1

11,12
12

COAL MINING

1. 8
1. 8

1.9
1.9

1. 5
1.5

1. 5
1. 6

1.4
1.4

.6
.6

.1

Bituminous coal and lignite mining .

C)

.1
.1

COMMUNICATION:

481
482

Telephone communication
Telegraph communication 3
1
2
3

,

Less than 0. 05.
Not available.
Data relate to all employees except messengers.

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




2.9
2. 1

i.9
2.5

.1
.4

9
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED LABOR TURNOVER
D-3:

Labor turnover rates in manufacturing, 1959 to date
seasonally adjusted
(Pet 100 employees)
Apr.

Jan.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

4.0

Total accessions

1959..
I960..
1961..
1962..
1963..
1964..
1965..
1966..
1967..
1968..
1969..
1970..

1959..
i960..
1961..
1962..
1963..
1964.,
1965..
1966..
1967..
1968.,
1969..
1970..

k.o
k.2

3.9
k.3
3.8
3.8

k.o
k.9
k.6
4.5
k.9
k.3

k.3
k.l

3.7

k.2

3.9

k.O
k.l
5.0
4.3
4.5
4.6
4.3

4.6
3.7
4.4
4.1
3.8
4.0
k.3
5.2
4.1
4.1
4.6
4.0

2.4
2.6
1.8
2.6
2.3
2.4
2.8

2.6
2.8
1.8
2.6

2.9
2.4
1.9
2.6
2.4

2.5

3.7
3.5
3.5
3.8
3.3

3.8
3.3
3.3
3.7

2.6
3.3
4.3

2.2
3.0

3.1

3.4
4.0

4.3

4.1

4.2

4.1

3.6

3.8
4.2
4.2
3.8
3.9

3.7

4,0
4.0

3.6

4.0
4.2

4.1
3.9

3.8

3.9

3.8

4.2
4.2
4.1
4.0
4.1

4.1
4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

k.l
5.1
4.6
4.6
4.8

4.3
5.1
4.5
4.5
5.0

4.1
4.7

*.3
5.1
k.k
k.6

2.8
2.2
2.0

2.7
2.3

2.7

2.1

2.2
2.1

2.6
2.5
2.6
2.8
3.9
3.1
3.5
3.9

2.7

2.5

2.4
2.9

5.0

4.2
4.7
4.9

4.4

4.7
4.8

3.9

3.8
3.5
k.3
3.9
3.9

3.9
4.5
5.0

U
k.9

3.8
3.8

4.0

k.3
h-1

4.5
4.8

4.5

4.8

2.6

2.6
2.2

2.7

2.4

2.6
3.1

2.1
2.2
2.6
2.4
2.6
3.0

4.0

4.0

3.2
3.5
3.7

3.2
3.3
3.8

3.7
3.1
3.5
3.7

2.3
2.4
2.4
2.6
3.1
3.8
3.2
3.5
3.5

2.5
2.7
3.1
3.7
3.2
3.6
3.8

1.9
2.5
2.3
2.4
2.6
3.2
3.8
3.4
3.6
3.6

3.9

2.4

2.4

2.1
2.3
2.4

*.7

4.2
3.6
k.3
3.8

3.6
4.0
4.8
4.5
4.5
4.6
4.4

2.4
1.9
2.5
2.3
2.2

2.7
3.5
3.7
3.*
3.5
3.4

3.2

5.6
3.6
4.1
3.8
4.0
4.1
4.9
4.6
4.4
4.7
4.6

2.7
1.8
2.5
2.1
2.5
2.8
3.7
3.5
3.3
3.7
3.5

Total separations

1959..
i960..
1961.,
1962.,
1963..
1964.,
1965.1966..

3.7
3.6
4.6
3.9
4.0
4.0

3.8

3.6

3.6

3.8

3.8

4.1

4.4

4.4

4.3

4.6

4.2

4.0

3.8
4.0

1969!!
1970..

4.6
k.9

3.7
4.3
4.8
4.7
4.8
5.1

1959..
1960.,
1961.,
1962.,
1963.*
1964.,
1965..
1966.,
19671968.,
1969..
1970..

1.4

1.3

1.5

1.6

4.1

4.6
4.5

4.0
3.9
3.9
3.8
4.6

5.2
4.6
4.9

3.6
3.9
3.9
3.8

4.1
4.7
4.7
4.5
4.9

3.8

4.2

3.9
3.9
3.9
4.7
4.6
4.7
5.0

4.0

4.1

4.4
4.0

k.3

4.2
3.8
3.9

3.9

4.3
3.7
4.4
k.l
3.6

4.0

4.0
4.2
4.1
4.0

4.9
4.7
4.5
4.9

4.9
4.4
4.6

1.5
1.4
1.2

1.5
1.4
1.2

1.5
1.4

1.4

4.9

4.2
4.2
4.1

5.0
4.3

3.9
3.8
3.9

4.1

3.9
3.8

4.0

4.6
4.4
4.0
4.1
4.0

3.8
4.2

4.2
4.7
4.3
4.9
5.1

4.2

k.9
4.5
4.6
4.8

4.5
4.4

1.5
1.3
1.2
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.9
2.6
2.3
2.6
2.9

1.5
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.5

1.5

1.5

1.2

1.1
1.4

2.0

2.0

2.6
2.3
2.4
2.5

2.0

4.2

4.6
5.0

k.l

4.4

4.5
4.8

4.1
5.0
4.1
3.9
3.9
3.9
4.4
4.5
4.3
4.2
4.6

4.9
Quits

1.1
1.3
1.3
1.4

1.7
2.3
2.5
2.4
2.7
2.5

1.1
1.4
1.3
1.4
1.7
2.3
2.4
2.4
2.7
2.4

1.5
1.5

1.5

1.1

1.1
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.8
2.7
2.3
2.3
2.7

1.4
1.4

1.4
1.7
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.7
2.3

1.5

1.6
1.3
1.1
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.7
2.6
2.3
2.5
2.8

1.4

1.4

2.6
2.3
2.6
2.7

1.4
1.5
2.1
2.6
2.3
2.6
2.6

1.3
1.3
1.6
2.2
2.7
2.4
2.52.5

2.4

2.0
2.4
2.2
2.0

2.9
2.6
1.8

2.5
2.7
1.9

1.5
1.7

1.9
1.6
1.4

1.8
1.7
1.3

1.8
1.5

1.3

1.3

1.9
2.8
2.0
1.9
1.7
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.4

1.4
1.8
2.6
2.4
2.3
2.7

1.5
1.8
2.6

1.7
2.3

1.7
2.5
2.3

1.9
2.4
2.2
2.0

2.0

1.8
1.7

1.7
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.4

1.7
1.7

2.0

2.2
2.4
2.7

1.3
1.4
1.4
1.6

1.6
1.1
1.4

Layoffs

1959.«
I960.,
1961.,
1962.,
19631964.,
1965.1
1966.,
1967..
1968.,
1969..
1970..

1.8
1.5
2.7
1.8
1.9
1.8
1.4
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.1

1.5

1.7
1.9
3.0

1.7
2.3
2.5

1.7

2.0

1.7

1.8
1.8

1.9
1.8
1.4
1.1
1.7
1.3
1.2

1.8
1.8
1.6
1.5

1.4
1.1
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.7

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




1.8

2.4
2.1

1.2

1.5
1.1
1.0

2.2
2.0

1.4
1.1
1.4
1.3
1.1

2.0

1.1
1.1

1.4
1.5
1.4
1.2
1.2

2.6

1.1
1.3
1.2
1.1

1.1

1.2
1.2

2.0

1.1

1.2
1.3

2.0

1.4
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.2

no

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA LABOR TURNOVER

D-4: Labor turnover rates in manufacturing for selected States and areas
(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates
State and area

Total

New hires
Jan.
Feb.
1970
1970

Feb.
1970

Jan.
1970

Separati
Quits
Feb.
Jan.
1970
1970

Layoffs
Jan.
Feb.
1970
1970

Feb.
1970

Jan.
1970

3.2
3.7

3.1
6.6

2.6
2.3

2.3
4.7

3.4
4.2

3.3
4,7

1.5
1.8

1.4
2.0

1.2
1.7

1.1
1.8

14.5

11.2

8.1

7.8

7.1

11.8

3.7

4.0

2.8

7.2

ARIZONA .
Phoenix .

4.6
4.3

4.4
4.4

3.6
3.4

3.5
3.4

5.0
5.0

5.1
5.2

2.7
2.7

2.6
2.5

1.1
1.0

1.3
1.2

ARKANSAS
Fort Smith.
Little Rock-North Little Rock .
Pine Bluff

4.9
4.7
4.0
2.7

6.0
7.2
8.2
4.3

3.7
4.4
3.2
2.1

4.6
6.9
5.1
3.6

5.6
5.8
4.7
3.5

6.1
6.0
5.2
4.4

3.4
4.4
3.3
1.7

3.5
4.2
3.5
2.6

1.4
.3
.6
1.1

1.6
.9
.9
.7

ALABAMA:
Birmingham .
Mobile 1 . . .
ALASKA.

CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles-Long Beach

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*>
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

COLORADO
Denver. . .

(*)
(*)

(*)
<*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
<*)

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

CONNECTICUT.
Hartford

2.9
2.6

3.3
3.0

2.2
2.2

2.6
2.6

3.5
2.9

3.6
3.0

1.8
1.5

1.9
1.7

.5

.4

DELAWARE 1
Wilmington 1

2,3
2.1

2.3
2.6

1,3
1.2

1.3
1.4

8.0
7.8

3.8
3.6

1.1
1.0

1.3
1.3

6.2
6.1

1.4
1.4

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA:
Washington SMSA . . . . . .

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

<*)

(*)

(*)

FLORIDA ,
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood.
Jacksonville
Miami
Orlando
Pensacola
Tampa-St. Petersburg. . . . .
West Palm Beach

6.2
5.6
4.2
5.3
4.6
.5
6.8
4.7

6.6
7.7
6.7
6.0
7.9
.6
7.6
7.1

5.0
5.3
4.1
4.7
4.3
.4
5.0
4.0

5.5
7.1
6,6
5.2
6.9
.5
5.5
5.6

7.1
7.4
5.1
6.9
5.4
.7
5.6
15.8

6.7
8.7
6.4
5.9
7.2
1.1
8.0

3.6
4.3
3.2
3.4
3.4
.4
3.6
2.9

4.2
5.0
5.3
3.8
4.2
.6
4.5
3.6

2.6
1.4
1.2
2.7
1.1
.2
1.4
3.8

1.5
1.4
.3
1.1
2.2
.3
2.7
1.1

GEORGIA .
Atlanta 2

4.3
4.1

4.5
4.5

3.3
3.1

3.6
3.7

4.8
5.5

5.2
5.3

3.0
3.0

3.2
3.1

1.0
1.6

1.0
1.3

HAWAII 3

2.5

3.8

1.9

2.3

2.8

2.9

1.4

1.7

.5

.4

1.8

2.3

6.7

4.5

2.2

2.6

.8

1.0

3.8

4.1

2.8

2.8

9.3

7.9

ILLINOIS:
Chicago .

3.7

4.1

3.1

3.4

4.2

4.8

INDIANA 1 . .
Indianapolis 5

3.0
2.6

3.1
3.0

1.8
1.6

1.9
1.8

4.0
4.2

4.5
4.0

1.4
1.4

1.5
1.4

1.8
2.0

2.0
1.5

IOWA
Cedar Rapids.
Des Moines . .

2.9
2.9
5.0

3.7
3.7
6.3

1.8
1.4
3.4

2.5
2.8
3.9

3.7
5.0
4.3

4.4
4.9
5.4

1.6
1.6
3.0

1.8
1.9
3.1

1.6
3.0
.3

1.7
2.3
1.3

KANSAS .
Topeka.
Wichita.

2.9
3.9
1.9

3.4
5.0
2.2

2.2
2.9
1.5

2.7
3.7
1.6

5.3
3.1
8.0

5.8
3.1
8.9

1.9
2.1
1.2

2.0
1.6
1.6

2.8
.5
6.4

3.1
.8
6.6

KENTUCKY.
Louisville.

3.7
3.7

3.4
2.2

2.7
2.6

2.5
1.6

4.1
2.9

5.2
3.4

2.3
1.7

1.9
1.2

1.2
.4

2.0
.5

LOUISIANA:
New Orleans

3.8

5.3

2.9

3.2

4.2

5.3

1.3

2.0

'MAINE . . .
Portland .
MARYLAND . .
Baltimore . . .

(*)
(*)
2.8
2.8

(*)
(*)
3.2
3.1

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




(*)
(*)
2.2
2.1

(*)
(*)
2.2
2.1

(*)
(*)
3.6
3.6

(*)
(*)
3.7
3.7

(*)
(*)
1.5
1.5

(*)
(*)
1.6
1.5

2.1
(*)
(*)
1.3
1.4

(*)
1.2
1.2

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA LABOR TURNOVER
D-4: Labor turnover rates in manufacturing for selected States and areas—Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Total
Feb.
1970

T

Jan,
1970

Feb.
1970

Jan.
1970

Feb.
1970

Jan.
1970

Separation rates
Quits
Feb.
Jan.
1970
1970

Layoffs
Feb.
Jan.
1970
1970

MASSACHUSETTS.
Boston

3.6
3.9

3.9
3.7

2.7
2.8

3.0
3.1

4.0
4.1

4.7
5.0

2.3
2.3

2.4
2.4

0.9
.9

1.3
1.5

MICHIGAN
Detroit . .

2.9
2.6

2.9
2.8

1.0

1.3
1.2

5.5
5,7

5.7
6.3

1.0
1.0

1.2
1.2

3.6
3.7

3.3
3.5

3.8
(*)
3.9

4.5
(*)
4.4

2.9
(*)
2.9

3.6
(*)
3.7

4.3
(*)
4.3

4.4
(*)
4.5

2.1
(*)
2.1

2.5
(*)
2.5

1.3
(*)
1.2

.9
(*)
.9

MISSISSIPPI:
Jackson

3.4

4.6

3.0

4.1

6.4

9.6

2.9

2.6

2.8

5.9

MISSOURI . . .
Kansas City
St. Louis . .

3.2
2.8
3.1

3.7
3.2
2.9

2.4
2.3
2.0

2.6
2.6
2.1

3.9
3.7
3.8

4.4
4.6
3.6

1.9
1.9
1.4

2.0
2.0
1.6

1.2
1.0

1.5
1.7
1.1

1.0

1.1

MINNESOTA
Duluth-Superior . . . .
Minneapolis-St. Paul .

MONTANA

2.2

2.5

1.6

2.0

3.2

3.2

1.6

1.7

NEBRASKA.

4.0

5.3

3.7

4.6

5.3

5.3

3.0

3.3

1.4

1.1

NEVADA. . .

5.5

5.8

4,7

4.5

4.7

5.6

1.7

3.4

2.1

1.3

NEW HAMPSHIRE.

3.9

5.4

3.2

4.6

4.9

4.9

3.0

3.2

1.0

.9

NEW JERSEY:
Camden 6
Jersey City
Newark
Paterson-Clifton-Passaic .
Perth Amboy
Trenton.

3.3
3.2
3.7
4.0
3.3
3.4

4.1
4.5
5.2
4.6
3.3
3.6

2.5
2.4
2.8
3.2
2.7
2.7

3.1
2.7
3.0
3.3
2.5
2,9

3.6
4.3
5.0
4.1
3.1
4.1

3.4
4.6
5.6
4.6
3.5
4.0

1.6
1.4
1.6
2.1
1.7
1,9

1.6
1.5
2.0
2.3
1.7
2.1

1.0
1.9
2.4
1.0
.6
1.3

.6
1.7
2.5
1.3
.8
1.0

NEW YORK
Albany-Schenectady-Troy . . . .
Binghamton
Buffalo
Elmira
Monroe County 7
Nassau and Suffolk Counties 8
New York SMSA
New York City9
Rochester
Syracuse
Utica-Rome
Westchester County8

3.8
2.6
1.9
2.7
3.2
2.3
3.3
4.8
5.2
2.5
2.5
2.5
4.1

4.2
2.1
2.1
3.0
2.7
2.2
4.8
5.5
5.9
2.4
2.2
2.1
3.8

2.4
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.9
2.0
2.8
3.1
3.2
2.0
1.3
1.5
2.7

2.6
1.5
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.8
3.2
3.3
3.3
2.0
1.7
1.5
2.5

4.2
2.9
2.4
3.7
3.4
2.5
4.6
5.0
5.2
3.0
3.1
4.0
4.3

4.9
3.9
2.3
4.1
3.1
2.8
6.7
6.2
6.3
3.2
3.6
2.7
4.7

1.7
1.3
1.3
1.0
1.5
1.2
2.1
1.9
1.8
1.2
1.6
1.2
2.0

1.8
1.5
1.3
1.2
1.4
1.6
2.5
2.2
2.1
1.6
1.3
1.2
1.8

1.8
.8
.4
2.0
1.1
.5
1.7
2.2
2.5
1.0
.9
2.3
1.3

2.1
1.1
.2
2.0
.9
.5
2.5
3.0
3.2
.8
1.5
1.0
1.8

NORTH CAROLINA
Charlotte
Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point .

3.7
4.9
3.3

4.5
4.5
4.0

3.1
4.7
3.0

3.8
4.0
3.6

4.4
5.0
4.5

4.8
5.9
4.1

2.8
3.4
2.6

3.2
3.8
2.9

.2
1.2

.7
1.4
.3

NORTH DAKOTA .
Fargo-Moorhead .

2.9
4.0

3.5
3.8

2.1
2.8

2.9
2.9

3.0
4.2

3.0
5.8

1.3
1.5

1.1
1.8

.8
1.9

1.1
2.8

OHIO
Akron
Canton
Cincinnati
Cleveland
Columbus
Dayton
Toledo
Youngstown-Warren .

3.0
1.7
3.1
3.8
3.2
4.1
2.2
3.0
2.5

3.4
2.1
3.8
5.8
3.3
3.4
2.5
3.2
3.0

1.8
1.1
2.0
2.3
2.3
3.0
1.3
1.6
.9

2.0
1.6
2.0
2.4
2.5
2.4
1.7
1.9
1.5

3.9
1.8
4.6
4.2
4.0
4.6
3.6
3.9
4.4

4.1
2.5
4.2
4.0
4.4
3.4
3.3
5.1
5.8

1.3
.9
1.2
1.6
1.6
1.7
.9
1.1
.7

1.5
1.1
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.7
1.3
1.2
1.0

1.6
.4
2.1
1.5
1.4
1.8
1.7
1.6
2.7

1.7
.7
1.2
1.5
1.5
.9
1.0
2.4
3.8

5.7
4.5

5.6
5.7

4.9
4.3

4.3
5.2

5.9
5.7

5.9
7.8

3.8
3.0

3.8
3.8

1.3
1.1

1.1
2.3

3.8
3.7

4.2
4.5

2.9
3.1

2.9
3.3

5,6
4.7

6.6
5.8

1.6
1.6

2.0
2.2

3.2
2.3

3.8
2.8

OKLAHOMA:
Oklahoma City .
Tulsa 9
OREGON1
Portland 1

See footnotes at end of table. NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA LABOR TURNOVER
D-4: Labor turnover rates in manufacturing for selected States and areas—Continued

State and area

Tool
Feb.
1970

(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates
New hires
Jan.
Feb.
Jan.
1970
1970
1970

Separation rates
Quits
Feb.
1970

Jan.
1970

Feb.
1970

Jan.
1970

Layoffs
Feb.
Jan.
1970

197D

PENNSYLVANIA:
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton .
Altoona.
Erie
Harrisburg
Johnstown
Lancaster
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Reading
Scranton
Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton
York

2.9
5.3
4.0
2.3
3.2
3.9
3.0
1.9
3.1
3.0
3.3
4.0

3.0
4.8
4.7
3.2
4.0
4.8
3.5
2.4
4.1
4.0
4.2
4.6

2.3
4.1
2.1
1.8
1.4
3.2
2.2
1.0
2.6
1.5
2.3
3.1

2O1
3.5
3.1
2.6
1.5
3.6
2.6
1.1
3.3
2.5
2.5
3.9

3.1
3.2
5.7
3.1
2.2
3.7
3.8
2.4
4.3
4.0
3.0
3.8

3.0
5.1
5.5
3.1
3.2
4.5
4.3
3.4
4.3
4.2
4.2
6.3

1.6
2.6
2.5
1.3
.9
2.4
1O6
.7
2.2
1.1
1.5
2.6

1.4
2.8
2.0
1.8
1.3
2.7
1.8
.7
2.6
1.7
1.9
3.1

0.6
.2
2.2
1.1
.8
.5
1.4
.9
1.6
2.4
.7
.6

0.6
1.8
2.3
.5
1,1
.8
1.5
1.9
1.0
1.8
1.6
2.4

RHODE ISLAND
Providence-Pawtucket-Warwick .

4.3
4.1

5.8
5.4

3.3
3.1

4.2
3.9

5.0
4.6

5.8
5.4

2.8
2.7

3.1
2.9

1.3
1.2

1.7
1.5

SOUTH CAROLINA:
Greenville

4.6

5.0

3.9

4.0

5.0

5.2

3.7

3.6

.2

.3

SOUTH DAKOTA
Sioux Falls

1.8
7.9

6.5
7.9

.9
1.6

1.9
1.7

2.1
6.3

6.8
6.9

1.6

1.4

1.8
1.5

.3
4.4

4.2
4.3

TENNESSEE:
Memphis . . . . . .

4.1

5.5

3.1

3.9

4.1

5.2

2.0

2.4

1.1

1.4

TEXAS
Dallas
Fort Worth
Houston
San Antonio . , . ,

(*)
4.3
(*)
3.8
(*)

(*)
4.0
(*)
4.1
(*)

<*)
3.9
(*)
3.5
(*)

(*)
3.5
(*)
3.6
(*)

<*)
5.2
(*)
3.5
(*)

(*)
5.3
(*)
3.8
(*)

(*)
3.2
(*)
2.3
(*)

<*)
3.6
(*)
2.6
(*)

(*)
.7
(*)
.2
(*)

()
*
.7
()
*

UTAH 4
Salt Lake City 4

(*)
(*)

3.0
4.2

(*)
(*)

2.1
3.5

(*)
(*)

5.0
5.4

(*)
(*)

1.6
2.5

(*)
(*)

.2
(*)
2.8
1.8

VERMONT
Burlington. . . . ,
Springfield . . . ,

2.8
2.8
2.2

3.0
2.5
2.3

2.3
2.3
1.7

2.1
1.6
1.9

3.1
2.1
3.6

3.3
2.9
2.5

1.6
1.4
1,4

2.0
1.9
1.5

.2
1.6

.7
.5
.4

VIRGINIA
Richmond . . . .

3.2
2.8

3.7
3.0

2.4
2.6

2.8
2.7

3.8
3.2

4.6
3.5

2.1
1.8

2.4
1.8

1.0
.7

1.5
.9

WASHINGTON:
Seattle-Everett

1.7

2.3

1.1

1.6

7.0

5.9

1.2

1.5

5.1

3.7

1(

WEST VIRGINIA:
Charleston. . . .

1.0

.8

.6

1.0

2.2

.3

.3

.3

1.4

WISCONSIN . . . .
Milwaukee . . . .

3.3
3.4

3.5
3.8

2.3
2.4

2.6
2.9

3.5
3.5

4.8
4.7

1.6
1.8

2.0
2.3

1.1

1.9
1.3

WYOMING

4.5

3.2

3.6

2.7

4.3

6.4

2.6

3.6

1

(Excludes canning and preserving.
Excludes agricultural chemicals and miscellaneous manufacturing.
^Excludes canned fruits, vegetables, preserves, jams and jellies.
Excludes canning and preserving, and sugar.
5
Excludes canning and preserving, and newspapers.
^Subarea of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Subarea of Rochester Standard Metropolitian Statistical Area.
Subarea of New York Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
^Excludes new-hire rate for transportation equipment.
^Excludes canning and preserving, printing and publishing.
2

*Not available.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.
SOURCE: Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.




.7

2.1

UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE DATA
E-1: Insured unemployment under. State programs
(Week including the 12th of the month)
Rate (percent of average covered
employment)

Number (in thousands)
State

Apr.
1970

TOTAL2.

Mar.
1970

Change to April 1970
from 1

Apr.
1969

Mar.
1970

Apr.
1969

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

Apr.
1969

1,767.0
1,631. 1

Kansas
Kentucky

.

..

Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts

.

Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri

..

Nevada . .
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico

2. 3
2. 1

19.9
6.0
7.7
18. 6

14.7
4.9
5. 5
11. 9

+ 1. 5
-1. 0
-. 3
-1. 8

+6.6
+. 1
+ 1.9
+4. 9

3. 1
9.9
2. 0
4. 2

2.9
12. 1
2.2
4. 7

2.2
10.6
1.7
3. 1

268. 9
7.6
37. 0
3. 8

187. 2
4. 2
23. 1

-14. 6

2.4

-1. 1
-. 3

+ 67. 1
+ 3.4
+ 12. 7
+ 1. 0

4. 9
1.6
3.6
2. 1

5. 2
1.6
3. 8
2. 3

3. 7
.9
2.4
1. 5

5. 1
23. 3
19.6
4.5

5.9
24. 3
17.4
5. 2

3. 3
14.4
10. 1
3. 3

-. 7
-1. 0
+ 2.2
-. 8

+ 1.8
+8. 9
+9.5
+ 1. 1

1.5
1. 6
1.8
1. 9

1.7
1. 7
1.6
2. 3

1.
1.
1.
1.

7. 7
79.9
36.6
15.9

4.9

-. 8
-6.5
+ 3.4
-.8

+ 1. 9
+ 28.4
+ 26.4
+5. 3

4.6

45. 0
13.5
9. 7

14.6
24. 8
31.8
11. 0

7. 5
15. 0
25. 8
9. 5

+ 1. 8
-2.6
-. 9
-. 5

23. 9
69-2
115.6
30.2

25.6
74.6
126. 1
31. 3

16. 0
51. 3
61. 3
19.2

12.8
50. 8
6.3
4.9

12.8
40. 3
8. 5

5.9
4. 0
83. 1
7.2

Idaho
Illinois

3.5
2.7

16. 3
22.2
30. 9
10. 5

..

3.4
3. 1

6.8

."

+621.7
+ 570. 9

73.4
40. 0
15. 0

District of Columbia .
Florida
Georgia

-41. 1
+ 210. 0

3.5

California

1, 145. 3
1,060.2

254. 3
7.6
35.8

Alaska .

1,808. 1
1,421. 1

21.4
5. 0
7.4
16.8

SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

5. 2
2. 5

3. 5

2.8
2.6

2.6

2. 8

1. 0
1. 7

+ 8. 8
+ 7.2
+ 5. 1
+ 1. 0

3. 7
3.6
4. 3
4. 7

3. 3
4. 1
4.4
4. 9

1. 8
2.6
3.6
4. 3

-1.7
-5.4
-10. 6
-1. 1

+ 7.9
+ 17. 9
+ 54. 3
+ 11. 0

2.6
4. 1
4.7
3. 1

2.8
4. 3
5. 2
3. 3

1.8
3. 0
2.6
2. 1

6.6

8. 0
24. 6
4. 8
3.7

+ 10. 6
-2. 2
-1.7

+4.8
+ 26. 3
+ 1.6
+ 1. 1

3.4
4. 3
5. 1
1.6

3.4
3.4
6. 9
2.3

2.2
2. 1
4. 0
1. 3

6.8
4. 1
88.8
7.9

4.9
2.9
65.7
4.4

-.9
-. 1
-5.7
-. 7

+ 1. 1
+ 1. 1
+ 17.4
+ 2.7

4. 0
2. 1
4.2
4. 1

4.7
2. 1
4.6
4.4

3.6
1.6
3.5
2.6

143.4
20. 7
4. 0
34. 0

-5.6
-2.6

+46. 6
+9. 1

3. 3

2. 3
5. 0

3. 5
2. 5
5. 5

2. 6
1. 7
5. 0

+ 11. 1

+46.8

2.7

2.4

1.2

9.6
17.4
64.8
25.6

+ .6
-2. 1
-2. 1
-. 3

+6.4
+ 13.9
+ 32. 7
+4.9

3.3

5.8
2. 9
8. 1

3. 2
6.3
3. 0
8. 3

2. 1
3.4
2. 0
7. 2

-1. 3
+ 3. 1
+ 2.2

+ 3. 8
+ 8.0
+. 3
+ 14.9

4.2
2.8
2.4
3.9

-2.5
-1. 0
-. 3
-2. 0

+ 13.4
+ 2. 1
+ .9
+4.4

1.4
3.8
3.9

4. 3

3.0

4.2

3. 1

1. 2

1.4

.8

+ 1.7

+ 37.2
+ 3. 0
+ 22. 7
+. 3

7.8
4.2
3. 9
2. 3

7.7
4.2
3.4
2.6

3.4

190. 1
29.8
4. 1
80.8

195. 6
32.4

16. 0
31.3
97.5
30.5

15.4
33.4
99. 6

11.8
17. 1
2. 3

13. 1
14. 1

Tennessee

37.6

35. 3

8. 0
9. 1
2. 0
22.7

Texas
Utah

34.6

37. 1

21. 3

New York
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma

Rhode Island
South Carolina

.

8.4
3.9

4.5

69.7

30.9

2.7

9.4

6.3

11.9

Wisconsin
Wyoming .

4. 3
13.9

3. 0
7.5

65. 1
14.9
44.4

63.4
14.9
38. 8

27.9
11.9
21. 7

1.8

1.4

1.6

-.4

-.4

+ 5.6
-. 2

2. 3

1

Based on unrounded data; changes of less than 50 not shown.
2
Include data under the program for Puerto Rico's sugarcane workers.
as comparable covered employment data are not yet available.

Rates exclude the sugarcane workers

•Excludes insured unemployment under extended duration provisions of regular State laws.




0
1
0
5

1.4

4.7

2. 9

2. 3
2. 9
3. 7

2. 2

1.5

1.6
2.5

.9

3.4
2. 0
2.0

11,

UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE DATA

E-2: Insured unemployment1 in 150 major labor areas2
(In thousands, for week including the 12th of the month)

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

ALABAMA

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

INDIANA

4. 1
2.4

Birmingham
Mobile

3.5
2.2

ARIZONA
Phoenix

State and area"

..

4.6

Evansville
Ft. Wayne
Gary-Hammond..
Indianapolis
South Bend
Terre Haute

2. 0
1.7
2.8
6.0
2.4
1.4

1. 1
1. 1

1.0
1.3

IOWA

Little Rock.

1.5

1.2

Cedar Rapids.
Des Moines...

State and area

Pennsylvaniacontinued
York

NEW HAMPSHIRE

2. 2
1. 5
2. 3
7.6
2.6
1. 3

4.5

ARKANSAS

Mar.
1970

.9

Apr.
1970

Manchester

Apr.
1970

Mar.
1970

2.7

NEW JERSEY

Atlantic City....
Jersey City
Newark
New Brunswick.
Paterson
Trenton

3. 1
12.8
20.4
7.7
17.9
2. 3

4. 5
11.6
22.6
7.5
17.5

PUERTO R I C O *

Mayaguez
Ponce
San Juan

1.6
2.6
6. 0

1.8
2.5
5.8

12.8

13.:

1.7
1.9

1.2
1.4

2. 0
3. 1
7. 1
3.4

2.3
3.8
4.6
4. 1

.5
1.8
.8

.5
1.9
1. 1
4. 3
2. 0
2.2
3.2
2.3

2.9
RHODE ISLAND

CALIFORNIA

Anaheim-S, AnaGarden GroveFresno
Los Angeles
Sacramento
San Bernardino..
San Diego
San Francisco ..
San Jose
Stockton

Wichita

15. 0
7. 0
104.9
9.6
11. 1
14.3
37.9

13.9
6.4

15.2
8. 0
101. 0
12.6
10.8
14.2
40.5
13.9
7. 5

Denver

4. 3

8.4

6.6

Albuquerque ...

4.8

5.2

NEW YORK

2.0
7. 7
2. 0

Albany
,
Binghamton ...
Buffalo
New York
Rochester ....
Syracuse
Utica

Louisville

1.9
7.7
2. 3

.9

1.0

16.6

16.8

3.9
MARYLAND

Baltimore
CONNECTICUT

Bridgeport
Hartford
New Britain
New Haven
Stamford
Waterbury

5.8
6.2
1.8
4.5
1.4
4.2

5.6
6.4
1.6
4.6
1.6
4.6

DELAWARE
Wilmington

3.2

3.6

Washington

8.6

9.5

FLORIDA

Jacksonville
Miami
Tampa

MASSACHUSETTS

Boston
Brockton
Fall River
Lawrence
Lowell
New Bedford ....
Springfield
Worcester

28. 3
2.5
3.4
3.8
2.7
4.9
7. 7
3.6

30.2
2.5
3.9
4. 3
3. 0
4.6
7.2
3.9

MICHIGAN

DIST. OF COL.

.9
7. 3
3. 2

1. 0
7. 2
3. 3

7.4
1. 3
1. 1
1. 1

4.6
1. 3
1.2
1. 1
.9

2.6

2.6

KENTUCKY

MAINE
Portland

COLORADO

Providence

NEW MEXICO

KANSAS

Battle Creek
Detroit
Flint
Grand Rapids
Kalamazoo...
Lansing
Muskegon ....
Saginaw

2. 2

53.5
4. 0
8.6
1.7
3.4
2.8
1.6

2.4
57.3
5.6
9.3
1.8
3.5
2. 3
1.8

SOUTH CAROLINA

5. 0
2.3
13.5
127.9
7.4
6.1
5.2

6.9
2.7

15. 3
121.2
7.8
6.5
5.8

NORTH CAROLINA

Asheville
Charlotte
Durham
Greensboro—
Winston-Salem .

1. 3
1.5
.6

1.2
1.5
.7

3.2

3.2

OHIO

Akron
Canton
Cincinnati
Cleveland
Columbus
Dayton
Hamilton
Lorain
Steubenville ...
Toledo
Youngs town...,

4.6
4.6
6.8
16.3
4.9
3.7
1.4
2.2
1. 0
5.9
6.2

4.4
3.3
8.2
11. 0
4.9
4. 3
1.7
1.7
.9
5.2
4. 1

OKLAHOMA

Oklahoma City.
Tulsa

3.2
3. 1

2. 1
3.3

MINNESOTA

Duluth
Minneapolis ...

2. 0
10.6

2. 2
10. 0

1. 1

1.4

Jackson
HAWAII

3.2

3.6
MISSOURI

ILLINOIS
Chicago
Davenport
Peoria
Rockford

Kansas City...
St. Louis

48. 1
2.8
1.8
2.5

39.7
3. 0
2.2
2. 3

OREGON
Portland

NEBRASKA
Omaha

9.4
34. 2

2.3

7. 0
25.8

2.7

Allentown
Altoona
Erie
Harrisburg
Johnstown
Lancaster
Philadelphia ...
Pittsburgh
Reading
Scranton
Wilkes-Barre...

13.7

12.9

3.4
1.2
2.0
2
3.4
1. 3
36.6
19.0
1.7
.4.3
5.2

3.0
1.3
2.2
2. 0
3. 3
1.4
39. 1
19.5
1.7
4.9
5.7

insured jobless under State, Federal Employee, and Ex-Servicemen's unemployment insurance programs.
Por full name of labor area, see Area Trends in Employment and Unemployment published by the Manpower Administration.

8

•Excludes insured unemployed under extended duration provisions of regular State laws.




TEXAS
Austin
Beaumont
Corpus Christi,
Dallas
,
El Paso
,
Ft. Worth
Houston
San Antonio ...

4. 5
2. 0
2. 3
3.3
2.3

UTAH

Salt Lake City •

4.4

VIRGINIA

Hampton
Norfolk
Richmond
Roanoke

1. 3
1.4

1. 3
2. 0
.5
.4

Seattle
Spokane
Tacoma

6.9

31. 1
4.2
6.3

2.4
2.5
1.8

1.8
2.9
1.6

4. 3
1. 7
13.5
2.4

1. 0
1.6
9.6
1.7

35.6
3.6

PENNSYLVANIA
MISSISSIPPI

Honolulu

TENNESSEE

Chattanooga....
Knoxville
Memphis
Nashville

WASHINGTON

GEORGIA

Atlanta
Augusta
Columbus....
Macon
Savannah....

Charleston
Greenville

WEST VIRGINIA

Charleston
Huntington
Wheeling

WISCONSIN

Kenosha
Madison
Milwaukee ...
Racine

ANNUAL AVERAGES

STATES AND AREAS

Employment-Hours-Earnings-Labor Turnover, 1967-69
Page
I.

2.

Employees on nonagricultural payrolls for States and selected areas,
by industry division
Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by State and selected areas

3.

116

126

Labor turnover rates in manufacturing for selected States and areas. .

130

Area definitions

134




.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
1: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Contract construction

Mining

Manufacturing

State and area
1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

103.4
65.7
34.9

951.8
244.3
77.6
101.8
64.6
32.6

8.2
5.4
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

8.1
5.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

8.4
5.6
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

53.9
15.4
3.1
6.6
5.5
2.3

51.6
14.6
3.2
6.5
5.1
2.1

50.7
13.3
3.1
5.8
4.9
2.0

323.7
72.0
12.0
24.9
10.4
9.9

307.4
68.3
12.4
23.4
9.7
9.7

298.2
69.5
12.1
21.7
10.0
8.8

84.9

79.9

76.9

3.3

2.4

2.0

6.7

6.0

6.0

6.9

6.9

6.6

ARIZONA .
Phoenix .
Tucson. .

513.5
306.7
97.6

473.4
281.4
89.7

445.6
261.8
86.0

18.3
..2
5.5

15.0
.2
4.7

13.6
.2
4.3

32.2
18.1
9.2

26.8
15.2
7.0

23.7
13.5
5.8

93.2
74.4
8.2

84.9
67.6
7.8

79.1
61.2
8.8

ARKANSAS
Fayetteville
Fort Smith
Little Rock-North Little Rock .
Pine Bluff

532.0
25.2
45.0
122.2
24.7

513.2
23.4
43.2
118.0
24.4

497.9
22.8
42.1
115.4
23.9

4.5
(1)
.5
(1)
(1)

4.7
(1)
.4
(1)
(1)

4.8
(1)
.5
(1)
(1)

29.5
1.3
3.1
8.6
1.3

30.2
1.3
3.0
8.7
1.6

31.4
1.1
3.1
8.9
1.9

168.0
7.4
16.2
27.5
5.8

158.9
6.7
15.0
25.4
5.8

152.2
6.9
14.2
24.6
5.6

6,908.8
402.9
90.6
114.5
2,892.5
53.5
89.6
256.5
60.7
286.9
372.0
1,257.0
367.7
79.5
48.6
87.5
67.4

6,644.4
380.1
88.4
111.1
2,797.7
52.0
84.3
252.6
59.1
271.0
343.9
1,215.5
352.8
75.9
45.4
85.2

32.4
2.1
7.0
.7
11.9
.1
1.8
.2
.4
2.3
.5
1
.1
1.0
.4
.1
.2

32.5
2.0
7.1
.7
11 7
.1
1.9
.2
.4
2.2
.5
1.8
.1
.9
.3
.1
.2

31.9
1.9

66.4

6,366.6
352.5
86.8
106.3
2,700.5
49.8
78.7
247.7
57.0
259.5
317.6
1,169.4
329.6
73.2
42.4
83.6
64.1

.9
10.8
.1
2.2
.2
.4
2.0
.4
1.6
.1
1.1
.3
.1
.2

295.9
20.4
5.5
4.9
103.2
3.1
4.0
10.4
2.6
13.4
20.7
62.3
17.2
4.4
2.5
3.2
2.3

283.2
18.9
5.3
5.0
99.8
3.0
3.2
10.6
2.6
12.6
17.5
60.4
16.7
3.8
2.2
3.3
2.3

269.2
16.3
4.4
5.2
95.5
3.0
2.9
10.9
2.8
11.5
14.5
58.1
15.0
3.6
2.2
3.7
2.1

1,655.2
128.6
8.3
17.7
878.7
13.8
14.7
24.2
7.3
53.2
68.8
207.5
126.7
10.4
7.0
17.2
7.0

1,639.8
128.9
8.2
17.3
878.4
13.9
14.3
25.4
6.9
50.0
64.9
204.7
125.2
10.2
6.8
16.5
7.3

1,594.0
125.1
8.6
16.1
860.1
13.1
12.9
27.3
6.6
47.4
60.1
202.1
118.0
10.6
6.2
15.7
6.6

708.6
457.8

679.5
439.9

648.9
416.1

13.3
4.6

13.1
4.2

13.0
3.9

37.9
25.5

36.7
24.6

34.3
22.0

113.9
82.2

107.1
76.7

102.7
73.6

1,194.9
155.9
319.8
46.9
155.8
79.6
79.9

1,158.0
150.8
313.4
45.2
153.2
76.0
77.7

1,130.1
148.1
304.9
45.1
151.8
73.5
76.2

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

55.8
6.2
14.6
1.9
8.0
3.9
3.3

52.5
5.7
13.3
1.8
7.3
3.8
3.2

49.6
5.3
12.4
1.7
7.6
3.7
2.7

475.1
76.9
107.7
25.2
45.1
27.7
40.4

474.3
77.7
112.7
24.1
46.5
26.6
40.5

479.5
77.6
114.8
24.9
47.7
25.7
40.5

207.9
187.2

202.4
182.5

197.3
178.3

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

12.5
11.5

13.3
11.7

13.0
10.7

73.1
69.8

72.6
68.8

71.5
68.7

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 3
Washington SMSA

681.4
1,118.0

675.4
1,084.0

664.1
1,039.1

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

18.2
67.8

19.8
65.0

20.9
64.0

20.3
45.3

20.5
44.4

21.1
43.2

FLORIDA
FortLauderdale-Hollywood.
Jacksonville
Miami
Orlando
Pensacola
Tampa-St. Petersburg
West Palm Beach

2,078.6
165.8
189.0
484.7
130.9
66.6
293.6
104.4

1,932.3
141.7
181.8
449.2
121.8
64.0
275.9
94.3

1,816.4
125.8
176.8
416.7
114.5
60.5
258.1
86.1

8.0
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

8.7
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

9.2
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

164.9
25.0
13.1
32.6
11.7
5.1
22.6
11.7

140.4
16.9
11.5
27.9
9.9
4.9
20.5
8.5

128.7
13.7
11.1
24.8
8.3
4.6
18.0
7.5

329.1
20.8
24.4
77.7
22.2
14.5
54.1
18.6

310.4
18.3
23.3
71.4
21.7
14.0
50.4
17.6

292.8

GEORGIA .
Atlanta. .

1,521.8 1,455.6
563.6
597.9"

1,394.7
537.6

6.8
(1)

6.7
(1)

6.5
(1)

81.8
35.3

79.4
35.5

74.6
33.2

476.9
130.1

451.8
118.3

437.8
117.0

1969
ALABAMA . .
Birmingham .
Huntsville. .
Mobile
Montgomery .
Tuscaloosa .
ALASKA

10

CALIFORNIA
,
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove,
Bale ersfield
Fresno
Los Angeles-Long Beach
Modesto-Turlock
Oxnard-Ventura
Sacramento
Salinas-Monterey
San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario.
San Diego
San Francisco-Oakland
San Jose . . ;
Santa Barbara
Santa Rosa
Stockton
Vallejo-Napa

33

COLORADO
Denver . . .

35
36
3
38
39
40
41

CONNECTICUT .

42
43

DELAWARE
Wilmington.

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
,54
155

Hartford
New Britain.
New Haven .
Stamford
Waterbury

See footnotes at end of table.




1968

999.4
255.9
77.2
104.9
68.1
36.2

970.1
247.8

76.5

7.6

14.9
24.0
65.7
20.6
13.7
47.5
15.7

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Wholesale and retail trade

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

55.7
18.4

53.7
18.0

53.0
18.2
1.9
9.7
4.4
1.4

185.0
58.7
12.1
25.3
15.1

181.7
57.6
11.4
25.1
14.9

179.5
56.1
11.6
24.7
14.7

6.0

5.7

5.6

1.9

1.7

10.3

10.1

4.4
1.5

4.4
1.5

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

Government

Service s

. 1968

1967

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

41.0
17.2

39.9
16.6

38.9
16.5

2.0
4.9
4.3
1.2

1.9
4.7
4.1
1.2

1.8
4.6
4.0
1.0

127.0
35.3
16.8
16.0
10.5

126.3
33.8
17.7
15.8
10.1

125.4
32.5
19.5
15.6

204.9
33.5
29.3
16.9
17.9
11.9

201.4
33.4
28.2
17.8
17.4
11.5

197,7
32.6
27.6
19.7
16.9
10.8

4
5
6

1969

1
2

3

3.4

3.2

9.7
3.0

9.6

9.0

33.1

32.2

31.8

7

8.0

7.8

7.4

13.7

12.5

11.8

2.7

2.5

2.3

10.5

28.3
16.4

27.0
15.5

26.4
14.8

106.9
67.6
19.6

101.6
63.5
18.8

26.8
19.9

24.5
17.9

23.0
16.8

4.0

3.7

3.5

84.8
49.6
17.9

78.3
45.5
16.7

73.5
42.4
15.7

113.4
53.4
26.0

110.0
51.9
24.9

104.7
49.4
23.8

8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15

5.5

5.3

5.3

116.5
74.7
21.3

31.7

30.5

31.2

104.6

101.9

99.0

20.5

20.0

19.0

71.8

69.4

66.9

101.4

97.6

93.4

2.2
2.7
9.4
3.1

2.0
2.6
9.0
3.1

1.9
2.6
9.2
3.1

4.8
8.9

4.5
8.8

4.8
8.5

2.6
6.1

5.7
5.8

5.4
5.8

4.9
5.8

25.7

24.5

18.1

17.4

17.3

23.8

23.4

22.7

4.5

4.3

.5
1.3
8.2
.8

3.0
6.2

4.6

.5
1.4
8.4
.8

3.2
6.4

26.3

.6
1.4
8.5
.9

3.2

3.1

2.9

5.8

5.5

5.2

462.0
12.9

442.8
11.9

429.2
11.3

1,419.7
83.4
19.8
29.6
600.4
11.3
17.9
51.1
15.6
59.1
73.5
256.2
63.4
16.7
11.0
18.7
11.4

1,358.7
75.1
19.5
28.8
579.9
10.9
17.2
49.6
14.8
56.5
67.6
246.9
57.6
16.5
10.3
18.3
10.8

365.2
19.0

345.4
17.3

325.3
14.9

1,217.3
64.7
2.7
14.1
4.8
20.8
147.8 :
526.5

1,14679
59.4
13.7
19.7
496.2

1,085.5
54.4
13.4
18.4
474.7

8.5

7.9

7.1

13.1

12.4

9.6

9.2

33.2
25.4

122.9
82.6

117.0
79.4

111.1
75.1

165.3
85.7

160.9
85.1

156.1
81.0

33

66.8

63.0
4.3

38.9

36.6

175.1
20.4
43.9

165.8
18.3
40.8

C

C

148.0
13.7
41.9
4.9
19.1

140.0
12.8
39.0
4.3
18.0

131.5
12.0
34.8
4.1
17^3

9.8

154.9
17.4
39.3
4.6
28^4
. 14.9
^.4

35

4.4

7.7
8.3

7.1
7.8

7.2
7.6

39
40
41

27.2
24.9

26.4
24.0

30.3
25.5

29.0
24.7

27.9
24.1

42
43

134.4
239.4

129.3
227.8

125.7
214.4

360.4
422.7

356.8
414.5

347.0
401.1

44
45

386.6
33.0
28.5
106.0
22.6

353.6
29.0
27.9
97.7
20.7

326.8
26.2
26.2
88.8
19.1

361.8
21.4
32.4
54.3
19.2
17.7
41.4
15.0

342.3
19.3
31.1
53.1
18.3
16.6
39.9
14.6

46
47
48
49
50

275.3
85.1

263.0
81.4

54
55

4.0

3.9

17.2
18.5
129.9
14O6

17.6
17.3
125.1
14.2

3.6
2.7
6.6
3.6

3.4
2.5
6.8
3.6

3.4
2.5
7.1
3.5

50.8
35.3

49.0
34.4

47.3
32.8

167.9
113.7

160.6
108.8

151.2
102.3

36.6
28.2

35.1
26.7

52.9

50.7

49.5

6.0

5.9

11.2
1.7
13.8

10.8
1.7
13.9

202.i
25.7
56.3

40.4

2.8
2.9

208.0
25.9
57.5
7.1
29.8
16.2
11.5

4.6

11.7
1.6
13.6

218.4
28.0
59.7
7.1
31.0
16.6
12.4

69.6

6.3

29.6
15.8
11*3

8.0
4.2
2.1

7.5
3.8
1.9

7.5
3.4
1.9

31.0
16.4
10.2

10.9
9.6

11.2
9.8

11.2
9.8

43.0
36.4

40.8
35.1

39.3

8.7

8.3

8.0

29.4
26 7

30.9
58.8

30.7
57.6

30.7
56.0

85.4
221.0

86.8
213.5

87.7
201.5

31.8
63.1

31.4
61.3

31.1
59.0

148.2

136.5

128.4
6.4

8.2

19.3
49.9

18.6
45.3

123.7
10.4
17.5
31.3

8.9

20.3
54.3

16.5
28.8

7.8
3.4

6.9
3.4

6.5
3.2

20.1

19.1

18.2

481.4
37.1
50.1
111.5
34.3
12.7
74.9
22.5

106.8

6.9

507.6
40.3
50.9
119.2
35.4
13.6
80.3
24.6

113.3

8.4

306.9
149.8

291.3
140.3

6.0
8.0

6.0
7.8

177.1

169.1

161.9

2.8

2.8
3.8

2.9
3.6

4.1
18.0

3.1
3.2

1.8.0

2.8
3.0

18.0

4.6

4.3

3.9

539.0
45.1
51.9
127.2
37.3
14.3
83.9
26.6

102.8
57.1

97.3
53.6

94.5
51.1

320.0
158.8




16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

13.9
10.3

4.1

17.5
19.7
135.3
15.9

6.3
7.9

1,334.1 1,272.8
58.3
53.5
25.3
24.6
25.6
24.3
387.8
369.8
10.6
10.3
27.5
25.3
102.8
99.6
16.6
16.2
70.7
68.3
89.6
83.8
266.3
255_.8
53.5
50.6
19.7
18.2
11.8
10.9
23.8
23.6
30.2
30.0

1,386.9
63.1
25.6
26.9
404.8
11.1
28.7
105.2
16.9
73.7
95.2
271.7
56.4
20.8
12.7
24.3
30.5

1,493.9
92.1
20.4
30.3
627.6
11.6
19.2
52,4
15.6
63.8
80.9
268.1
67.1
16.9
11.7
19.4
11.6

3.4
5.3

3*0
5.2

162.7

154.3

1.5
3.1

1.3
2.9

10.2

10.1

2.4
9.8

2.4
9.4

1.3
2.6
9.8
2.2
8.8

17.2
95.6
12.9

15.5
90.8
12.1

14.0
85.1
11.0

3.0
3.1
2.9
1.9

2.8
2.9
2.9
1.8

2.7
2.9
2.7
1.7

9.5

9.0

8.2

14.0
35.9
11.4
53.2
69.0
214.7
71.4
19.4

12.8
34.4
10.6
49.8
63.9
205.4
67.2
18.4

12.0
32.3
10.1
47.4
59.9
,194.7
63.1
17.1

1

JoJ.

1

30^3
15.7

8.0

15.7
27.5
7.4
2.4

8.6

8.0

7.3

17.1

2.4
15.7

14.9

6.5

5.8

5.4

53.8
20.9

48.5
18.5

44.7
16.5

379.1
23.1
33.3
55.6
20.5
18.2
42.0
15.5

71.7
40.7

69.1
39.2

66.3
37.3

176.5
86.8

169.1
82.1

160.7
77.3

285.3
89.1

8.8
2.5

34

36

37
38

51
52,
51

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
1: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Contract construction

Mining

Manufacturing

State and area
1969
GEORGIA (continued)
Augusta . . . . . . . . .
Columbus
Macon
Savannah.

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1967

1969

1969

1968

1968

1967

5.2
3.9
3.7
3.6

31.2
19.8
15.4
17.4

30.3
19.7
15.5
16.9

29.5
18.7
15.6
16.2

86.6
69.6
75.8
64.2

81.9
66.9
74.5
60.8

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

5.5
4.3

4.6
4.0

6.4
4.3
3.7
3.8

HAWAII. . .
Honolulu.

274.6
234.3

255.3
216.0

241.7
204.8

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

22o6
20.2

18.9
16.4

16.9
14.6

25.1
18.0

23.8
17.0

24.7
17.6

IDAHO.
Boise.

198.9
38.0

192.9
36.3

187.7
34.5

3.5
(1)

3.3
(1)

3.3
(1)

9.5
2.2

9.6
2.0

9.8
1.8

39.5
4.4

37.9
4.1

35.3
3.6

ILLINOIS
Chicago 4
Chicago-Northwestern Indiana . .
Davenport-Rock Island-Moline . .
Peoria
Rockford

4,367.8
3,025.1
3,247.3
132.8
128.6
113.1

4,267.1
2,952.8
3,166.6
133.1
126.2
110.1

4,191.9
2,899.4
3,112.2
133.4
122.0
106.5

23.3
5.1
5.2
(2)
(2)
(2)

23.6
5.0
5.1
(2)
(2)
(2)

24.7
5.5
5.6
(2)
(2)
(2)

195.6
130.4
145.2
6.3
7.3
5.0

188.0
121.5
135.2
7.0
7.8
4.9

176.3
110.7
124.7
6.8
7.2
4.6

1,403.8
981.3
1,088.5
44.3
47.7
57.9

1,386.9
971.4
1,076.0
46.1
47.1
57.8

1,392.5
975.3
1,081.1
50.0
46.2
57.3

INDIANA
Evansville
Fort Wayne
Gary-Hammond-East Chicago
Indianapolis
Muncie
South Bend f
Terre Haute . . . . *

1,870.6
89.0
118.4
222.2
428.3
47.0
97.1
54.2

1,817.4
87.0
112.8
213.8
411.9
45.0
96.4
51.9

1,777.0
84.8
109.6
212.8
402.3
43.0
94.7
51.1

7.4
1.6
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
1.0

7.5
1.7
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

7.3
1.7
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

88.8
4.5
5.8
14.8
21.2
2.1
4.2
2.3

81.8
4.3
5.3
13.7
18.7
1.8
3.9
2.0

80.6
3.9
5.3
14.0
18.3
1.6
3.8
1.9

746.5
34.2
45.1
107.2
138.7
19.2
35.8
15.3

722.9
33.2
43.8
104.6
134.6
18.4
37.0
14.3

716.0
33.5

IOWA
Cedar Rapids
Des Moines .
Dubuque . . .
Sioux City. .
Waterloo . . .

879.6
67.3
128.3
33.2
40.9
50.0

856.8
65.9
124.5
31.5
41.6
49.9

836.5
64.4
121.5
29.9
40.2
49.0

3.1
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

3.3
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

3.4
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

40.7
2.7
6.1
1.6
2.1
2.3

40.5
3.0
5.7
1.5
1.8
2.2

41.2
3.0
5.6
1.3
2.0
2.0

224.7
28.0
26.4
13.8
9.3
19.5

222
27
26
13.2
10.4
20.5

218.7
27.7
24.9
12.4
9.6
20.8

KANSAS .
Topeka.
Wichita.

32
33
34

88.1
70.5
78.7
67.8

683.8
61.2
149.1

670.9
58.8
149.7

650.6

11.7
.1
2.3

11.7
.1
2.3

11.8
.1
2.5

35.9
3.4
7.1

34.0
3.2
6.5

31.0
3.1
5.9

146.2
9.1
49.3

147.9
8.8
53.-4

146.3
8.5
55.9

KENTUCKY.
Lexington .
Louisville.

895.1
77.8
330.0

868.6
75.1
311.8

835.1
72.8
298.2

26.9
(1)
(1)

26.8
(1)
(1)

27.9
(1)
(1)

55.0
5.5
17.4

52.1
5.0
15.9

48.6
4.6
15.2

247.0
16.9
119.3

240.3
16.7
113.2

230.6
17.0"
107.6

1,043.6
103.4
41.8
38.4
370.8
92.6

1,028.2
105.3
41.1
37.5
368.5
89.6

1,005.0
98.0
39.4
35.5
364.3
85.4

51.7
.5
1.5
.4
14.4
4.1

51.0
.6
1.3

50.9
.5
1.3
.5
13.4
4.6

83.0
12.7
5.9
3.8
22,3
5.9

89.3
17.1
6.1
4.7
25.0
6.4

88.3
14.9
5.6
4.3
26.4
6.1

180.6
18.7
9.1
6.8
56.3
17.1

178.2
18.4
9.1
6.6
57.0
15.8

173.1
17.9
8.9
6.2
57.3
13.7

330.3
29.0
63.5

323.2
29.0
61.9

316.9
28.4
60.6

(1)
(1)
(1)

U)

(1)
(1)
(1)

15.4
1.4
3.1

14.4
1.3
3.1

15.0
1.2
3.3

115.9
13.8
15.3

118.0

14.4
15.2

116.3
14.2
14.9

84.7
42.2

80.3
41.5

79.7
42.3

281.3
206.4

280.6
206.4

283.3
209.3

94.4
50.3
1.9
(1)
1.9
2.0
1.7
7,9
5.2

93.1
52.1
1.9
(1)
2.0
2.2
1.7
7.5
5.2

89.3
50.0
1.8
(1)
2.0
2.3
1.7
7.2
5.0

681.6
292.3
17.0
22.9
38.5
20.3
27.1
72.4
48.5

690.4
296.5
17.2
22.4
40.7
19.7
26.8
73.3
48.7

701,0
304.4
18.1
21.5
41.0
19.2
26.1
73.9
50.5

LOUISIANA. . .
Baton Rouge .
Lake Charles.
Monroe
New Orleans .
Snrcvcport • •

4

57.4
148.8

41
4;
43

MAINE
Lewi ston-Auburn
Portland .

44
45

MARYLAND,
Baltimore .

1,277.4
800.9

1,227.0
776.3

1,181.7
757.7

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston
Brockton
Fall River
Lawrence-Haverhill
Lowell
New Bedford
Springfield-Chicopee-Holyoke
Worcester

2,238.6
1,277.5
49.5
47.3
80.3
52.0
55.2
195.6
130.3

2,200.2
1,255.1
48.7
46.4
80.9
50.6
54.3
192.7
128.3

2,165.3
1,231.4
48.7
44.8
79.3
49.3
53.5
191.5
128.4

See footnotes at end of table.




1.8
.3

.4
13.7
4.3

(1)
(1)
1.8
.3

1.8
.3

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

CD
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

43.5
105.8
134.0
18.6
36.2
14.3

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division.-Continued
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Wholesale and retail trade

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

Services

"1969

1968

1967

8.7
8.3
7.9
7.6

19.8
17.2
28.0
11.8

19.1
17.2
27.5
11.5

18.3
16.6
27.6
10.7

1
2
3
4

48.7
40.3

44.2
36.3

71.2
63.2

69.1
60.9

66.3
58.3

5
6

30.8
6.0

29.4
5.6

28.5

46.6

45.2

44.3

5.2

8.9

8.8

8.7

7
8

213.9
167.4
173.0
5.0
4.7
2.9

670.6
496.9
518.9
18.1
18.3
13.5

650.2
482.0
502.7
17.1
17.7
12.6

630.6
470.3
489.6
16.3
16.6
11.4

612.0
350.8
372.5
23.0
14.9

593.4
341.5
362.4
22.3
14.2

572.0
327.3
348.0
20.6
13.6

9
10
11
12
13
14

72.4
3.3
5.9
5.7
27.7
1.4
4.7
1.7

69.4
3.1
5.6
5.6
26.3
1.3
4.7
1.7

202.7
12.9
14.9
22.1
52.3
5.0
16.0
6.4

198.8
12.3
14.2
20.8
49.0
4.9
15.8
6.2

192.8
11.4
13.3
19.4
46.6

288.4

285.3

271.4

3.3

8.1

11.3
21.7
65.2

10.7
20.9
63.6

7.8
9.9

15.4
6.0

10.4
10.3

10.1
9.9

6.7
9.9
9.4

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

39.1
3.1
13.5
.8
1.9
1.4

37.9
2.9
13.2
.8
1.8
1.3

141.7
9.9
21.5
6.1
7.5
7.3

137.3
9.8
20.8
5.9
7.7
7.1

129.7

172.6

163.5

156.8

9.2

7.0

6.5

5.7

20.0

18.1

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

14.7
13.4
14.5
15.3

14.6
13.1
13.8
13,8

13.5
12.8
12.9
13.1

3.1
3.8
3.8
3.2

3.0
3.5
3.7
3.0

2.8
3.4
3.6
2.9

9.8
8.7
3.9
9.3

9.4
8.7
8.4
8.6

18.8
16.0

63.0
54.0

59.2
50.5

56.6
43.5

17.0
15.7

15.0
13.7

14.2
13.0

53.2
44.2

14.0
3.1

14.0
3.0

47.4
10.6

46.1
10.2

45.2
9.8

7.6
2.7

7.4
2.5.

7.3
2.4

288.6
208.9
222.5
7.0
7.2
3.5

281.6
202.8
215.8
7.0
6.9
3.3

286.1
206 ~0
219.2
7.2
7.2
3.4

945.4
673.1
709.9
29.0
28.1
20.6

922.2
655.3
690.4
28.4
27.6

895.8
636.9
670.9
27.5
26.5
19.6

228.7
178.6
184.6
5.1
5.2
3.2

221.2
173.2
178.9
5.2
4.9
3.0

99.6
5.2
8.3
13.6
27.6
2.5
5.0
4.2

98.1
5.1
7.9
13.0
27.1
2.3
4.7
4.2

98.0
5.2
7.6
13.2
27.0
2.3
4.7
4.2

363.0
19.0
26.7
36.8
95.0

350.6
18.9
25.0
35.1
91.1

341.5
18.2
24.4
34.0
88.4

8.7

8.4

8.0

20.9
13.0

20.3
12.7

19.9
12.8

74.2
3.3
6.3
6.0
28.3
1.4
4.8
1.7

51.2
3.1
9.2
1.7
3.3
2.5

50.6
3.1
9.0
1.7
3.2
2.5

50.3
3.1
9.0
1.6
3.2
2.5

204.7
13.5
32.6

199.8
13.0
31.9

198.6
12.8
31.8

51.6
7.4
7.8

51.7
7.3
7.8

51.5
7.3
7.7

59.9
4.3
23.0

58.8
3.8
22.1

92.8
5.3
3.G
2.4
45.8
9.4

1969

1968

4.0
3,3
3.5
6.8

3.8
3.1
3.2
6.6

22.5
19.0

20.6
17.2

14.0
3.2

1967
3.9
3.2
3.2
6 7

Government
1 9 6 7 '••

4.6

9.4

8.1

2.0
5.2
6.4

147.1
14.1
18.3

144.2
13.8
18.0

29
30
31

167.2
20.6
39.0

163.8
20.3
36.8

155.5
18.9
34.9

32
33
34

140.8
12.5

207.4
24.3

201.8
24.1

197.4
22.2

62.5
12.5

55.3
14.6

52.6
14.1

50.7
13.6

35
36
37
38
39
40

39.7
4.0
10.1

38.3

64.6

61.6

59.5

3.8

10.0

2.0
7.3

1.9
7.1

1.8
6.8

41
42
43

227.3
133.0

214.2
124.8

200.1
117.7

244.5
150.8

232.2
144.6

218.2
136.4

44
45

453.3
309.6
6.2
9.1
9.7
8.8
9.4
33.9
21.9

433.2
297.2
5.8
8.7
9.3
8.5
9.3
32.5
21.1

412.4
281.9

295.5
173.5

290.0
169.7

286.2
166.1

10.6

10.1
6.7
4.6

7.1
4.3
8.9
6.6
4.4

24.7
15.9

24.2
15.7

24.6
15.7

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54

6.3

6.1

11.4

11.1

9.8

9.5

9.5

157.1
13.0
33.1

152.8
12.6
32.1

146.3
12.2
31.0

29.5
3.8
6.6

28.5
3.5
6.4

27.2
3.3
6.2

100.9
9.7
24.1

97.2
9.4
23.0

92.3
21.7

150.9
14.8
18.9

58.1
3.7
21.9

180.9
14.8
68.8

174.8
14.7
64.8

168.9
14.4
62.2

34.8
3.6
16.6

33.6
3.3
15.8

32.1
3.2
15.0

123.4
12.1
46.0

118.4
11.3
43.0

113.5
11.0
41.3

93.1
5.2
3.0
2.3
47.6
9.1

91.4
5.0
3.0
2.2
46.9
8.9

228.1
22.0

222.6
21.1

218.3
20.0

10.0
88.5
22.9

86.9
22.4

86.3
21.8

48.9
5.7
1.5
2.4
22.6
4.7

46.1
5.2
1.4
2.0
21.5
4.3

44.8
5.0
1.4
1.9
20.9
4.1

151.1
14.2
!. 5.7
5.2
65.6
13.9

146.1
13.6
5.5
5.0
64.1
13.1

17.1
.9
5.2

16.7
.9
5.1

17.1
.9
5.2

64.4

61.6

59.8

6.1

5.7

5.6

16.9

16.5

15.9

11.6
.8
5.1

11.2
.8
4.8

10.9
.9
4.5

41.3
4.0
10.6

78.7
55.4

77.3
55.1

76.0
55.1

293.2
170.6

277.8
163.2

262.8
158.0

65.9
42.2

62.8
40.4

59.8
38.6

114.8
73.1
3.2
1.7
2.4
2.0
2.6
8.3
6.5

108.8
68.4
3.1
1.8
2.2
1.8
2.4,
7.8
6.2

110.2
69.8
3.0
1.7
2.1
1.9
2.5
8.2
6.2

473.8
287.9
12.2

464.4
283.6
11.9

450.4
274.6
11.5

9.3

9.2

9.0

14.8
10.7

14.3
10.3

14.2

9.8

9.5

9.9
9.8

39.3
25.5

38.4
24.9

37.7
24.4

125.2
90.8
1.4
(1)
2.4
1.4
(1)
9.1
6.8

120.3
87.6
1.3
(1)
2.3
1.4
(1)
9.0
6.5

115.8
84.6
1.4
(1)
2.2
1.3
(1)
8.8
6.3




7.9
9.2

20.8
61.7

17.0

6.7

11.5

8.0
9.6

7.8

7.4

23
24
25
26
27
28

40.8
3.1
14.5
.9
2.0
1.5

8.3

8.1

5.6
7.2
6.5

9.3

5.1
4,7

5.8
8.2
8.9
8.1
9.0

31.1
20.3

2.4
5.3
7.2

6.3
7.4

7.6
4.3

6.8
4.6

17.3 .
2.2
5.2
6.8

6.7
6.9

7.5
4.3

6.2
6.5

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
1: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Contract construction

Mining

Manufacturing

State and area
1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

MICHIGAN
Ann Arbor
Battle Creek . .
Bay City
Detroit
Flint
Grand Rapids
Jackson
Kalamazoo. . . . . . .
„
Lansing
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights .
Saginaw

3,064.0 2,980.9
99.8
104.3
59.6
58.9
29.9
30.7
1,533.7 1,489.5
161.8
159.2
188.6
185.2
46.8
45.4
72.6
70.7
131.8
125.7
50.9
52.1
73.8
71.1

2,907.8
93.4
58.4
29.6
1,454.3
155.6
184.4
45.0
69.4
121.7
51.4
69.0

12.8
(1)
(1)
(1)
1.0
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

12.8
(1)
(1)
(1)
.9
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

12.8
(1)
(1)
(1)
.9
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

114.2
3.1
2.1
1.3
58.8
6.8
9.1
2.2
3.4
6.0
2.0
3.9

103.7
2.7
1.8
1.2
50.1
5.6
8.3
1.9
3.3
5.5
1.8
3.3

120.0
3.0
1.8
1.3
58.9
6.2
9.7
1.8
3.4
5.4
1.8
3.5

1,170.3
37.5
26.9
12.4
602.0
87.1
76.4
19.5
30.0
40.4
27.8
33.2

1,154.8
36.7
26.8
12.0
593.7
86.2
76.8
18.8
29.8
38.1
27.4
32.3

,138.5
32.9
26O5
12.3
577.3
84.1
77.4
19.4
30.2
37.6
28.5
31.0

MINNESOTA
Duluth-Superxor
Minneapolis-St. P a u l .

1,298.1
56.3
784.4

1,244.8
55.3
748.7

1,201.1
54.2
718o7

14.4
(1)
(1)

15.1
(1)
(1)

14.4
(1)
(1)

68.3
2.4
41.0

63.8
2.7
37.6

61.1
2.5
35.2

330.3
10.5
221.3

315.4
9.9
211.7

302.8
9.7
202.0

568.7
89.9

547.7
86.5

531.9
82.8

5.9
.7

6.0
.8

5.7

33.2
5.8

29.3
5.7

30.9
5.3

181.5
14.3

175.0
13.7

167.0
13.5

MISSOURI. . .
Kansas City
St. J o s e p h . .
St. Louis . .
Springfield .

1,667.6
511.3
32.4
910.8
55.4

1,628.8
498.8
31.3
893.4
53.5

1,591.7
483.2
31.3
878.4
49.7

9.0
.6
(2)
2.4
.1

8.6
.6
(2)
2.3
.1

8.3
.6
(2)
2.6
.1

72.8
23.4
2.1
41.8
2.6

72.2
24.6
1.5
41.7
2.6

72.1
23.2
1.5
42.2
2.5

459.2
131.9
10.1
291.0
15.8

459.2
130.9
9.9
292.6
15.8

454.0
130.3
10.4
294.1
13.6

MONTANA . .
Billings . . .
Great Falls .

196.6
27.7
24.5

194.8
27.3
23.7

190.2
26o8
23.3

6.1
(1)
(1)

5.5
(1)
(1)

5.9
(1)
(1)

10.3
1.3
2.0

11O5
1.6
•1.9

11,7
1.9
2.0

24.0
2.8
3.0

23.3
3.0
3.0"

22.4
3o0
3.1

NEBRASKA.
Lincoln . .
Omaha . . .

471.2
70.5
203.2

456.3
67.3
194.3

446.5
64.6
189.1

1.7

(2)

25.5
3.8
11.7

23.8
3.5
10.6

23.6
3.5
10.3

86.0
10.8
39.6

83.2
10.0
38.0

80.1
9.4
37.8

NEVADA . .
Las Vegas
Reno . . . .

188.8
104.7
51.2

177.3
96.0
48.3

166.2
88.2
46.5

3.9
.2
.2

3.5
.2
.2

3.5
.3
.2

10.9
6.4
3.0

9.2
4.8
2.7

8.0
3.8
2.8

7.7
4.0
2.7

7.0
3.8
2.3

6.7
3.6
2.2

NEW HAMPSHIRE.
Manchester

258.0
49.3

251.8
48.5

244.0
48.2

.3
(1)

.3
(1)

.3
(1)

13.4
2.8

12.0
2.6

11.7
2.6

97.9
17.0

99.7
17.9

97.6
18.2

2,582.1
64.0
248.5
268.8
795.0
497.0
268.0
131.8

2,489.7
62.3
239.6
264.2
770.6
479.2
251.0
127.2

2,420.8
60.5

3.4

3.1

2.8

262.6
759.5
458.3
236.5
124.3

1.0
.4
.8
(1)

.7
.3
.7
(1)

.6
.3
.5
(1)

114.3
3.5
12.8
7.0
31.7
21.5
11.7
3.7

6.9
31.3
21.3
10.4
3.7

897.1
11.4
76.5
113.9
259.2
192.2
114.3
41.6

886.3
11.3
78.2
114.9
254.6
189.7
111.6
40.9

881.8
10.7

.1

117.8
3.5
13.3
7.1
32.9
22.0
12.8
3.8

111.0
3.1

.1

116.4
257.0
185.2
107.9
41.2

285.4
103.7

276.7
98.6

272.7
98.0

17.3
(1)

16.2
(1)

15.9
(1)

17.0
6.7

17.0
6.0

16.5
5.9

20.1
8.6

18.2
7.6

18.0
8.1

7,180.9 7,001.7
268.8
272.0
105.0
105.1
493.6
503.0
39.6
38.6
301.4
306.7
672.8
698 .JO
6,697.0 6,507.2"
4,742.6
3,*807!9 3,721.7
347.7
342.7
57.8
54.5
225.6
221.1
115.6
113.9
304.1
293.5

6,858.3
262.4
104.3
483.6
39.5
292.4
642.8
6,357.7
4,641.1
3,661.5
331.6
51.6
217.1
112,1
285.1

8.1
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
4.9
2.6
2.0
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

8.4
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
4.5
2.8
2.2
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
4.6
3.2
2.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

262.4
13.8
4.4
19.4
1.8
13.7
37.3
239.2
164.3
104.4
15.5
3.7
11.2
3.5
19.0

260.4
12.3
5.2
20.6
1.9
15.3
38.2
233.7
162.1
102.5
17.1
3.2
11.3
3.6
18.1

257.2
12.1
4.6
20.0
1.8
14.4
38.2
231.5
161.6
103.6
15.8
3.1
11.3
3.6
16.8

1,873.6
62.0
44.9
178.2
15.5
135.3
163.7
1,767.3
1,087.6
829.5
149.0
15.4
66.8
43.1
79.0

1,879.0
65.3
44.8
177.9
16.6
134.3
164.0
1,767.0
1,096.3
840.0
147.9
15.2
66.9
42.8
77.0

1,885.7
65.1
46.5
178.2
17.4
134.1
159.5
1,762.9
1,096.5
846.7
147.5
14.6
67.2
42.6
75.7

1969

MISSISSIPPI
Jackson . .

NEW JERSEY
•.....,
Atlantic City
,
5
Camden
6
Jersey City
'.
Newark 6
,
Paterson-CIifton-Passaic 6
6
Perth Amboy
Trenton

42
43

NEW MEXICO
Albuquerque

44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

NEW YORK
Albany-Schenectady-Troy . . . .
Binghamton . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buffalo
Elmira
.i
Monroe County?
......
Nassau and Suffolk Counties 8 ,
New Yodc-Northeastem New Jersey
New York SMSA
,
New York City 8 .
,
Rochester
,
Rockland County8
Syracuse
Utica-Rome . . . . ,
Westchester County 8 ., . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.




1968

1.7

1.6
(2)

(2)

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division.-Continued
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

Wholesale and retail trade

Services

Government

1969

1968

1967

1969

399.6
10.2

393.6
9.3
7.6
3.8
212.3
15.7
25.9
4.9
8.4
14.2

376.8
8.4
7.5
3.7
206.4
14.8
25.6
4.6
7.8
13.2

519.9
35.7
7.9
4.0
216.7

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

150.4
2.7
2.5
1.6
79.7
5.8
10.1
4.2
2.4
3.3

146.3

143.5

552.8
11.2

109.8

105.0

2.3
2.6
1.6

570.2
11.6

114.3

2.6
2.5
1.6

582.6
13.0

2.2
3.3
.8

2.1
3.3
.7

1.9
3.2
.7

77.4

76.6

66.3

64.3

62.2

5.3
9.9
4.1
2.4

5.1

3.9
7.1
1.3
2.2
5.2

3.6
6.8
1.3
2.0
5.1

0 7
i- . /

9 (\

C O
->. J

2.5

2.3

J. J

8.6

8.3

7.8

56.8

205.5
10.6
133.8

195.9
10.6
125.1

10.0
4.0
2.4

3.2

3.3

4.6

8.9
6.9

9.0
6.7

286.6
24.7
40.7

281.3
24.9
39.1

8.3

8.2

7.9

13.1
21.1

12.4
20.8

11.9
20.3

4.2
7.4
1.4
2.2
5.0

9 S
i-. J

7 Q
/ •"

13.2

13.1

13.1

2.7

84.4

85.1

Q ft
O.U

4.3

4.4

87.7

9.2
7.0

293.7
22.7
42.4

7.7
3.7

215.4
16.5
26.4
5.0
8.8

15.2

C

Q

1968

1967
1
2
3

12.6
40.7

489.7
34.9
7.9
3.8
204.2
17.7
16.6
6.2
12.1
38.6

458.3
33.8
7.9
3.3
190.7
17.0
15.7
6.1
11.6
36.9

c n
J »U

A "ft
H-.O

4. /

7.7

7.3

7.0

184.5
10.4
117.8

222.3
9.9
100.0

215.4

214.1

9.4

9.2

98.0

95.4

13
14
15

A

Q

18.8
16.9
6.2

/ 7

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

11
12

7.6

7.8

283.1
12.7
171.3

1.9

1.9

55.0

295.2
13.2
177.6

2.0

55.5

307.4
13.4
185.2

62.2

7.5

57.1

46.0

43.2

42.0

29.8

28.5

103.7
20.7

100.8
19.6

99.0
18.6

19.3

18.6

5.5

27.8
5.4

19.8

5.6

6.7

6.5

6.2

65.6
15.8

63.7
14.9

62.4
14.2

129.1
20.3

125.1
19.8

120.6
18.9

16
17

126.0
50.6

125.0
50.3

123.0
49.2

373.3
124.4

361.0
120.5

352.6
115.9

88.5
32.1

86.1
30.9

84.0
30.2

257.3
79.1

247.9
74.6

237.7
70.7

281.5
69.2

268.8
66.4

260.0
63.1

18

9 1
e. .1

9 1
d.. 1

9 1
i.. 1

7 7
/ • /

7 ft
/ •o

7 Q
/. y

43.9

141.9

135.4

113.9

8.5

8.1

121.. 3
7.7

119.5

2.1

149.0
9.1

7.5

6.9

21

•I

O

1•3

58.9

1 "K
1 . J

•I

<J

1.J

19
on
ZU

68.0

67.5
4.2

66.7

190.3
13.3

182.8
12.6

179.6
12.1

47.0

45.1

4.3

2.3

2.2

17.6

17.6
2.8
2.0

17.8

46.6

45.5

44.5

32.1
5.6
4.7

5.3

4.4

5.0
4.0

52.1
4.9
5.0

51.8

8.1
6.0

7.2
1.4
1.3

53.3

8.5
6.1

7.6
1.4
1.3

28.9

8.8
6.3

7.8
1.5
1.4

30.5

2.9
2.1

4.7
5.0

4.5
4.8

23
24
25

36.7
4.9
20.9

36.5

114.1
14.3
48.7

110.2
13.8
46.9

28.0

26.9

26.2

5.1

5.0

4.9

20.6

117.5
14.8
50.7

16.1

15.5

15.1

78.9
11.1
35.4

76.0
10.6
33.0

74.1
10.6
31.6

96.9
19.9
29.0

94.0
19.0
27.6

94.2
17.5
26.9

26
27
28

13.4
C. Q
o. y
4.6
11.1

12.3
A n
o »u

11.8

35.5

33.7

30.8

7.1

6.8

6.5

74.5

35.8

29

4.5
10.2

11.2

10.2

3.4

3.0

3.0

48.5
11.5

10.7
45.5
10.9

34.1
14.8
8.9
34.4

32.3

17

70.7
45.2
16.3
39.8

66.6

in o
J.7./

7.5

7.3

3.8

3.7

176.0

517.3
17.2
55.6
42.2
152.6
116.9
50.8
20.4

490.7
16.1
51.8
40.4
147.8
110.6
45.9
20.2

344.3
10.2
42.4
28.6
98.6
46.9
38.2
26.2

329.2
10.1
28.0
95.9
44.5
35.1
24.7

34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

59.6
25.2

57.7
24.2

1,437.8
52.8
17.6
101.9
7.8
54.2
178.9
1,368.1
1,005.5
749.2
61.5
10.0
48.7
18.2
67.5

1,408.8
52.1
17.4
98.9

4.3

2.8
2.1

36.7
5.0

20.7

4.9

4.5

166.4

166.3

3.5

3.4

12.9
36.6
61.2
25.4
13.1

11.8
35.1
58.0
24.5
11.4

3.3
-

35.8
58.1
24.8
11.5

6.7

6.4

6.5

19.8

19.8

20.1

6.3

6.4

6.8

500.2
15.5

487.8
15.0

488.8
15.0

4.6

4.7

4.8

33.0

32.5

32.5

1.6

1.6

1.6

11.4
30.3
515.2
378.8
327.4
13.0

11.2
28.0
497.8
368.9
320.3
12.9

11.0
27.3
501.1
370.9
323.8
12.7

3.1

3.0

2.7

14.0

14.1

13.9

5.4

5.1

5.0

17.9

17.6

17.2




Q

LI . o

7.8

52.9
168.3
1,333.3
988.6
745.7
60.4

In /

lift
lj.O

22

30
31

10.2

2.9

2.7

2.5

48.9
17.1

43.3
10.7

10.3

9.9
2.8

9.2
2.8

41.1
7.9

399.9
15.2
37.5
31.0
132.5
73.3
29.5
27.5

374.6
15.0
34.1
29.4
126.1
69.3
26.3
25.4

351.6
14.3
27.6
118.9
62.7
24.1
23.7

355.9
10.3
43.8
28.7
100.7
49.3
41.1
27.1

53.7
25.5

51.6
24.2

50.6
23.4

86.3
25.2

84.9
24.5

83.4
24.5

42
43

1,329.5 1,274.4
45.2
44.2
11.7
11.5
70.9
74.4
5.7
5.7
47.0
44.7
123.2
119.1
1,244.0" 1,187.8
977.6
936.8
747.9
781.9
51.2
49.0
8.9
9.3
36.2
35.4
13.8
14.4
63.8
61.5

1,233.2
42.4
11.3
67.9

1,174.8
72.1
18.8

1,123.8
69.4
18.3
74.5

1,073.1
66.2
17.2
71.8

5.2
32.7
127.4
919.7
707.4
526.0
44.1
13.4
35.7
25.8
40.7

30.5
120.8
880.4
677.1
504.5
41.3
12.2
33.8
25.2
39.6

44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

2.8

472.1 I 114.7
2.9
16.1

110.1

106.0

8.8
9.3

2.8
8.4
8.8

2.9
8.3

54.9
17.5

53.1
16.4

51.8
15.4

5.6
4.7

5.2
4.4

5.0
4.3

57.0
23.6

11.6

11.3

11.2

6.2

5.7

5.7

1,382.9
51.5
16.9
95.4
7.4
50.6
158.3
1,305.1
973.5
742.8
58.0

594.5
10.6

558.9
10.4

528.5
10.1

3.1

3.1

3.0

18.8

18.2

17.7

1.0

.9

.9
9.8

-

39.6
145.9
104.1
42.0
20.2

10.9
29.7
598.8
511.4
466.4
11.7

10.4
27.8
563.2
479.7
437.1
11.2

26.4
531.9
451.4
410.6
10.6

9.1

8.9

1.8

1.7

1.7

47.0
18.4
65.6

45.9
18.3
63.6

11.2

10.7

10.4

4.5

4.3

4.3

13.6

13.0

12.7

15.5
38.3

-

15.6
9.5
35.4
3.9

77.2

5.5

5.2

41.8
112.4
1,140.0
906.9
727.2
45.8

34.1
134.9
959.7
739.9
547.1
45.8
14.5
37.5
26.4

8.4

34.6
13.2
59.5

43.4

8.6
33.4

-

4.9

32
33

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
1: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Mining

Contract construction

Manufacturing

State and area
1969
712.7
20.2
42.7
113.0
14.3

1968
692.2
19.4
41.3
111.1
13.1

1967
663.5
19.6
39.3
108.9
12.4

8.5
2.5

9.0
2.9

8.9
2.8

8.7
2.6

166.9
8.6
5.5
20.9
36.4
18.5
12.1
10.0
7.8

155.9
7.1
4.8
21.1
32.7
16.4
11.7
9.8
6.9

1,468.0
100.5
62.7
171.7
314.9
92.7
134.1
84.6
91.3

1,430.9
99.1
60.8
169.5
312.6
89.2
128.0
81.8
87.7

1,398.8
94.6
60.7
165.0
309.4
84.4
127.6
78.8
85.7

37.1
12.7
8.8

34.6
11.5
8.3

32.5
11.0
8.3

130.0
34.9
44.0

121.7
32.2
42.0

116.4
30.7
40.5

1.6
(1)
(1)
(1)

32.4
3.1
19.7
2.6

31.1
3.2
18.0
2.6

30.2
3.2
15.9
2.4

179.4
19.3
90.8
10.6

173.7
19.1
86.8
10.4

165.4
18.3
82.0
9.8

38.1
.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
5.0
(1)
1.3
8.4
(1)
.5
2.4
(1)

42.0
.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
5.0
(1)
1.3
9.1
(1)
.4
2.9
(1)

203.1
8.1
2.0
4.3
9.3
3.1
5.9
86.1
45.9
4.4
2.6
5.2
7.7

193.5
8.6
1.9
3.9
8.3
3.2
5.6
81.5
44.0
4.2
2.6
5.0
7.1

181.5
8.6
1.5
3.6
7.4
2.6
5.3
77.9
41.6
4.3
2.3
5.3
6.2

1,580.9
106.1
15.9
42.7
40.2
26.2
55.7
579.6
289.8
59.7
35.1
53.0
61.8

1,564.7
105.7
15.1
42.7
39.7
25.7
55.2
580.1
288.6
58.2
35.1
52.2
60.1

L,556.9
103.9
14.7
42.6
39.1
25.7
55.2
580.4
290.7
56.6
34.9
51.2
59.2

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

14.4
14.7

15.3
15.4

15.6
15.5

127.1
142.9

127.4
143.2

127.4
144.4

754.5
81.1
94.1
114.1

1.7
(1)
(1)
(1)

1.6
(1)
(1)
<1>

1.7
(1)
(1)
(1)

49.1
6.2
7.3
9.7

50.3
5.7
7.4
9.7

48.1
5.3
6.6
9.4

339.2
16.1
19.5
55.5

327.2
15.0
19.3
54.7

319.6
13.5
18.8
54.3

167.2
32.7

163.3
31.8

2.2
(1)

2.3
(1)

2.3
(1)

7.8
1.7

7.6
1.3

7.5
1.2

15.9
6.0

15.9
6.1

15.4
5.9

1,312.4
127.2
149.7
272.3
217.0

1,264.1
122.2
144.9
261.4
210.7

1,218.8
119.2
139.6
249.9
205.1

6.9
.2
1.8
.2
(1)

7.0
.2
1.8
.2
(1)

6.8
.1
1.6
.2
(1)

68.0
5.4
7.7
14.4
13.8

64.4
5.4
6.7
14.1
13.2

63.1
5.2
6.4
13.8
11.8

469.9
54.2
49.5
62.7
61.6

455.3
51.5
48.4
60.1
60.0

435.7
51.4
47.6
57.1
60.3

3,611.2

3,419.6

3,251.7

104.7

102.9

104.0

232.0

214.9

205.8

749.2
6.5
10.7
35.6
11.3

712.0
5.2
9.4
35.0
10.4

664.3
4.6
8.1
33.8

1969
96.8

1968
92.4

1967
90.8

12.3
13.9

11.5
12.3

11.3
11.7

1.8
(1)

8.0
2.9

8.0
2.6

19.1
.2
.3
.4
1.6
.7
.5
.3
.4

19.1
.2
.3
.4
1.4
.7
.5
.4
.4

179.5
9.4
5.6
23.0
39.1
19.0
13.6
10.4
9.3

40.4
6.8
13.8

40.9
6.7
13.6

41.0
6.8
13.0

651.0
62.5
343.8
48,9

1.5
(1)
(1)
(1)

1.6
(1)
(1)
(1)

4,259.5
211.9
46.8
93.7
167.1
77.7
114.6
1,766.1
855.3
119.9
85.0
118.2
124.5

4,167.2
207.0
44.7
91.7
160.7
75.8
112.6
1,719.4
839.9
116.5
83.4
116.7
120.0

38.9
.5
(1)
(1)
(1)
5.0
(1)
1.2
8.8
(1)
.5
2.4
(1)

343.4
354.9

343.0
353.7

338.3
349.2

SOUTH CAROLINA.
Charleston.
Columbia
Greenville

811.9
88.7
105.3
122.9

782.9
85.3
101.1
118.5

43
44

SOUTH DAKOTA ,
Sioux Falls

170.8
33.7

45
46
47
48
49

TENNESSEE .
Chattanooga.
Knoxville . .
Memphis . . .
Nashville . .
T X S .
E A
Amarillo . .
Austin
Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange
Corpus Christi

1969
3.5

1968

156.0
240.9

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

(1)
(1)

155.1
39.1

150.9
36.9

1.9
(1)

1.8
(1)

3,891.1
245.7
136.5
500.7
868.2
371.1
334.5
240.9
196.9

3,750.8
237.8
131.2
485.1
841.9
353.5
318.8
231.4
187.5

3,619.8
225.4
127.1
470.7
816.7
335.3
310.2
222.6
181.3

19.9
.3
.3
.4
1.6
.8
.5
.3
.3

OKLAHOMA . . .
Oklahoma City .
Tul«a

754.4
249.0
178.5

727.2
235.8
172.7

706.3
228.0
165.8

OREGON .
Eugene. .
Portland .
Salem . .

704.4
68.1
380.9
53.6

677.9
65.0
361.6
51.7

,369.6
214.6
48.4
96.3
173.7
79.4
117.8
,810.4
872.8
124.3
86.7
121.9
130.1

RHODE ISLAND
Providence-Pawtucket-Warwick

NORTH CAROLINA
Asheville
Charlotte
GreensboroHKnston-Salem-ttigh Point
Raleigh

NORTH DAKOTA .
Fargo-Moorhead .

OHIO
Akron
Canton
Cincinnati
Cleveland
Columbus . . .
Dayton
Toledo
Youngstown-Warren .

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton
Altoona
Erie. . .
Harrisburg. .
Johnstown
Lancaster
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Reading
Scr&nton * • • • • • • • • • • • • • • . * ,
Wilkes-Barre—Hazleton
York

See footnotes at end of table.




1969
1,735.0

1968
1,678.5

1967
1,600.9

176.8
257.4

167.3
247.9

158.4
40.6

3.6

1967
3.6

10.6

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division.-Continued
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

Wholesale and retail trade

Service s

Government

1969
90.1

1968
86.8

1967
82.6

1969
309.2

1968
300.0

1967
285.0

1969
67.0

1968
62.7

1967
59.5

1969
201.3

1968
196.4

1967
184.3

1969
254.4

1968
244.4

1967
231.6

18.4
15.3

17.9
14.1

16.3
14.2

45.5
46.1

43.3
43.8

40.7
42.6

12.2
12.0

11.2
11.7

10.3
11.4

26.0
29.5

23.8
27.8

22.0
27.1

19.7
27.6

18.3
27.1

16.1
25.3

12.2

12.2

12.3

41.6
11.4

6.8
2.3

6.7
2.2

6.7
2.2

26.9

48.9

8.1

7.7

7.1

9.0

47.2
8.5

44.4

3.1

42.3
12.1

27.8

3.1

43.2
12.2

28.5

3.2

222.0
14.7

214.6
14.6

209.2
14.2

6.1
4.2

34.2
50.2
19.9
12.0
16,8

24.8
39.4
22.7

24.2
37.7
21.4

9.3
7.9
5.5

8.7

9.6

33.1
49.1
19.4
11.8
16.5
9.4

151.6
6.6
4.6
25.5
40.6
24.1

6.4
4.4

35.3
52.2
20.9
12.4
17.0
9.7-

698.0
44.2
23.0
98.2
166.3
69.0
54.1
47.3
32.1

5.2

8.3
7.2
4.9

543.9
32.6
18.2
75.5
131.6
60.3
46.9
36.7
25.3

517.0
30.9
17.3
70.9
125.1
56.1
43.9
35.2
24.2

489.3
29.3
16.4
67.3
118.8
52.8
41.4
33.0
24.2

544.9
33.6
12.6
64.4
107.4
75.7
58.1
32.3
19.7

528.3
31.8
11.9
62.9
103.9
73.0
57.1
30.9
18.8

509.5
29.6
11.2
61.5
101.3
71.2
54.9
29.5
17.7

8
9

6.6

727.8
46.3
24.3
101.5
172.8
73.5
56.6
48.9
33.8

140.0

6.7

761.3
48.2
25.7
104.9
180.7
77.6
59.6
51.7
35.9

146.2

6.8

52.9
17.1
16.1

51.5
15.7
16.0

49.5
14.6
15.3

165.0
55.8
40.0

159.8
52.5
39.3

157.2
51.3
38.5

35.8
15.3

34.3
14.5

33.8
14.1

9.1

8.5

8.2

107.9
36.5
28.7

104.2
34.4
27.3

99.5
32.8
25.0

185.3
69.9
18.0

180.2
68.3
17.7

176.4
66.7
17.0

17
18
19

49.4
4.2
30.8

48.7

48.1

31.4

107.5

101.9

95.9

2.8

2.7

9.3

8.6

8.3

29.7

23.8

22.8

21.5

64.4

59.3

54.6

1.8

1.8

9.8

3.1

3.0

2.8

7.6

7.1

6.4

140.8
15.6
58.9
17.4

136.1
14.7
56.9
16.6

132.4
14.1
55.1
15.9

20

2.9

29.7

146.0
12.0
85.0

1.8

151.6
12.5
88.1
10.2

33.2

3.9

158.6
13.7
92.5
10.5

34.8

4.1

267.3
11.9

267.9
11.6

268.3
11.4

816.3
35.3

789.7
34.8

767.3
34.1

184.2

178.3
6.2

171.7

669.7
26.9

7.7
5.3

7.8
5.3

7.1
5.3

8.4

567.2
17.7

13.3

12.8

12.5

16.3
31.7
13.3
20.6
357.1
168.8
18.5
16.5
19.9
22.1

16.3
29.9
12.4
20.1
344.6
163.0
17.7
15.9
19.6
20.9

99.0
36.7

3.6
2.6

12.9
25.5
12.5
16.4
308.3
154.9
16.6
13.9
14.6
14.7

612.4
24.7
6.6
11.5
22.0
11.4
15.4
273.5
143.7
15.5
12.6
13.3
13.1

588.1
18.8

7.8

639.0
25.7
• 6.8
12.2
23.8
11.7
15.9
291.7
149.3
16.0
13.2
13.6
14.1

609.2
19.4

8.0

6.4
1.2
3.4
8.5
2.1
2.8

7.5

1.2
3.1
8.1
2.0
2.7

6.1
1.2

7.0

6.1

5.9

10.7
43,8
12.1

10.2
42.7
11.9

7.9

5.8
9.5

1

2
3
4
5
6
7

10
11
12
13

14
15
16

21
22
23

24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

5.4
107.0
59.5

4.9
5.2

5.2
5.0

109,0
58.3

110.8
57.0

6.4
5.1
6.7
5.9

6.3
5.2
6.6
5.6

6.2
6.5
5.6

17.0
33.1
13.6
21.8
368.6
173.5
19.5
17.4
21.0
23.8

15.3
14.9

14.6
14.1

15.0
1,4.6

65.9
66.4

65.2
65.8

63.5
63.5

15.2
15.2

14.9
14.8

14.5
14.4

53.0
52.0

53.3
52.1

35.3

33.1
5.4
6.4

31.2

130.6
16.6
20.8
19.8

124.3
16.2
19.9
18.3

26.7

25.9

9.7

9.3

4.4

3.3
5.3
4.1

83.1
10.3
13.9
12.9

79.3

3.5
6.4
4.7

3.3
5.8

4.4

135.4
17.0
22.2
21.0

28.3

5.1
5.8
4.2

13.1
11.9

10.3
3.0

10.3
3.0

10.2
2.9

44.5
10.0

44.0
9.7

42.9
9.5

7.3
2.0

7.2
2.0

7.1
1.9

30.2

29.4

65.5

61.4

245.6
21.9
30.8
66.7
45.9

236.6
21.3
29.5
63.6
43.8

52.7

50.5

7.1

6.8

6.5

19.3
12.3

255.4
23.1
31.7
68.4
47.3

56.4

20.1
13.1

62.6
6.4
6.4
19.4
12.5

4.9
14.6
13.4

4.8
14.1
12.8

4.5
13.3
12.6

176.0
15.5
19.5
43.9
35.2

168.3
14.7
18.6
41.3
34.3

162.9
14.0
17.4
38.7
32.6

214.3
15.2
28.0
48.0
32.6

208.2
15.3
27.4
45.5
32.0

201.8
14.7
26.0
43.9
31.5

45
46
47
48
49

252.1

246.2

242.7

853.0

803.7

769.0

184.4

172.9

164.4

584.8

536.9

494.5

651.0

630.1

607.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
51
52
53
54

4.7

5.3
6.9
4.6

6.5
6.6

5.4

6.0
6.6

-




4.7
2.6
3.9
2.8

95.9
36.2
4.5
2.6
3.7
2.7

2.9
7.8
1.9
2.6

90.5
35.5
4.4
2.4

-

O.J

42.0
11.5

9.7

9.5

9.1

260.5
103.7
13.1
15.1
13.5

249.6
101.8
12.2
9.4
14.8
12.8

240.4
99.3
11.9
9.5
14.4
12.5

36

51.1
49.6

52.5
48.8

52.3
48.3

51.2
47.2

37
38

75.3
11.9
11.0

139.7
30.4
29.0
14.5

134.1
29.5
28.2
13.6

128.4
28.4
25.8
12.6

39
40
41
42

28.4

52.6

50.5

49.5

43

9.6

£. O
O.J

35 .

44

-

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
1: Employees on nonagricultural payrolls
(In thousands)
Manufacturing

Contract construction

Mining

State and area
1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

647.2

596.3

554.5

7.9

7.9

7.8

38.4

32.8

30.9

265.1

251.9

1.8

2.2

739.0

692.9

650.9

28.5

259.4

250.2

232.9

171.5
22.6
93.3
11.4
142.4
7.0
33.3
13.3
4.6

161.2
20.6
91.3
10.8
136.6
6.7
30.6
13.2
4.1

146.4
19.4
83.0
10.3
131.6
6.3
28.0
12.4
3.7

UTAH.
Salt Lake City.

348.8
183.8

336.8
175.2

VERMONT
Burlington
Springfield

145.2
36.8
13.4

140.3
34.8
13.6

TEXAS (continued)
Dallas
El Paso
Fort Worth
Galveston-Texas City .
Houston
Lubbock
San Antonio
Waco
Wichita Falls

22 WASHINGTON. .
23 Seattle-Everett
24 Spokane
25 Tacoma
26 WEST VIRGINIA.
27 Charleston ,
28 Huntington-Ashland. .
29 Wheeling

WISCONSIN .
Green Bay.
Kenosha. .
La Crosse
Madison . .
Milwaukee
Racine. . .

27.0

62.2

59.2

1.4

1.4

1.3

16.0

16.7

15.5

327.5
168.5

12.5
7.6

10.9
6.2

10.3
5.5

14.0
7.7

13.7
7.5

13.4
7.6

54.0
29.1

51.6
28.0

50.3
27.6

136.3
32.2
13.9

1.0

1.1

1.1

9.5

9.1

8.1

43.7
10.8
6.7

43.7
10.5
7.0

44.2
9.8
7.4

1,434.3 1,385.4 1,330.2
47.2
48.7
50.5
90.0
94.6
96.3
184.6
191.8
197.3
234.7
250.4
222.4
215.5
231.4
73.2
76.3
79.9

14.2
(1)
(1)
(1)
.4
.2
.1

13.9
(1)
(1)
(1)
.4
.2
.1

14.3
(1)
(1)
(1)

91.5
2.7
4.8
12.8
19.7
14.8

88.8
2.7
4.8
12.3

4.7

15.1
4.3

370.4
23.9
27.0
20.1
9.4
52.1
18.9

362.6
22.6
28.4
20.0
9.2
51.3
18.5

346.0
21.3
26.9
19.2

.2
.1

94.1
2.7
5.3
13.1
21.3
15.3
5.0

1.6
(1)
(1)

1.6
(1)
(1)
(1)

1.8
(1)
(1)
(1)

58.8
30.4
4.6
6.0

58.8
29.9
4.3
6.0

56.3
27.4
4.1
5.0

279.3
162.2
13.4
20.8

286.9
171.8
13.3
20.5

277.1
165.5
12.4
19.8

508.4
85.0
80.9
56.3

503.6
84.5
80.6
55.2

47.0
3.6
.5
4.3

45.5
3.5
.6
3.5

47.5
3.6
.7
3.3

25.8
4.3
3.6
3.6

26.0
4.4
4.1
3.6

24.2
3.8
4.6
2.7

131.1
18.4
26.3
15.6

132.4
20.4
25.8
15.9

133.2
22.0
26.5
16.8

1,521.0 1,472.1
53.6
50.9
32.8
32.9
29.6
28.7
119.2
115.0
569.6
555.7
55.7
53.9

VIRGINIA3
...........
Lynch burg
Newport News-Hampton .
Norfolk-Portsmouth. . . .
Northern Virginia 10
..
Richmond
Roanoke

11.0

69.0

1,124.9 1,099.6 1,045.5
520.5
553.3
563.8
82.5
85.8
88.4
99,8
105.9
108.7

9
9

12.8
26.3

,430.5
48.3
31.6
28.3
108.9
53.9

2.6
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

2.4
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

2.6
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)

66.9
2.7
1.3
1.3
6.5
24.1
1.8

65.9
2.4
1.3
1.2
6.5
23.2
1.8

64.1
2.2
1.2
1.2
5.6
23.8
2.0

518.0
16.7
14.6
8.6
16.7
212.1
26.1

510.3
16.4
15.3
8.6
15.8
211.9
25.3

508.7
16.1
14.7
9.0
16.0
212.3
26.4

99.6
17.0
18.7

11.7
4.0
(1)

10.6
3.4
(1)

9.2
2.9
(1)

6.5
1.2
.9

7.0
1.2
1.0

6.3
1.0
1.1

7.0
1.3
1.1

6.9
1.2
1.0

7.0
1.2
1.5

512.9
82.9
81.1
57.3

106.7
19.5
18.2

WYOMING . .
Casper. . .
Cheyenne .

103.4
18.4
18.2

544.8

iCombined with s e r v i c e s .
Combined with construction.
Federal employment in the Maryland and Virginia sectors of the Washington Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
is,included in data for the District of Columbia.
4l
Area included in Chicago-Northwestern Indiana Standard Consolidated Area.
5
Subarea of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Area included in New York-Northeastern New Jersey Standard Consolidated Area.
Subarea of Rochester Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
8
Subarea of New York Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
9
Total includes data for industry divisions not shown separately. Services excludes agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
Subarea of Washington, D. C. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
2

3

SOURCE:

Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.




51.2
17.7

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA EMPLOYMENT
for States and selected areas, by industry division.-Continued
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

Wholesale and retail trade

Government

Services

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

51.4

47.6

45.0

167.9

155.6

146.3

51.8.

46.9

44.4

94.8

85.3

77.7

63.6

59.1

56.0

15.4

14.7

60.2

56.5

11.5

10.5

37.0

34.2

-

33.1

31.5

62.4

60.8

58.3

180.4

169.3

158.9

38.3

35. 2

33.1

134.4

121.4

109.5

83.6

80.4

74.0

11.2^

10.6

10.2

62.4

60.2

56.5

16.2

15.5

14.3

44.3

43.3

38.2

74.6

71.9

68.9

23.1
15.2

23.1
14.9

22.8
14.4

77.7
49.0

74.0
46.4

71.5
44.8

14.2
10.8

13.3
10.1

12.9
9.8

53.8
30.0

51.1
28.2

48.3
26.5

99.6
34.4

99.1
33.7

98.0
32.2

10
11

7.8
1.8
.9

7.4
1.7
.8

7.5
1.7
.8

27.1
7.3
1.9

25.7
7.0
1.8

24.7
6.5
1.8

5.2
-

5.0
-

4.8
-

26.6
6.8
1.7

25.2
6.3
1.6

23.9
5.8
1.6

24.4
-

23.4
-

22.3
-

12
13
14

95.1
2.3
4.1
16.0
19.3
17.7
10.7

93.7
2.3
4.1
16.1
18.7
17.5
10.3

91.6
2.3
4.1
15.6
17.0
10.0

295.0
8.2
16.1
47.7
58.5
52.3
18.6

280.3
8.0
14.8
45.1
53.7
50.2
17.6

271.6
8.0
14.1
43.3
_
48.3
17.0

65.3
1.9
2.9
9.1
14.8
17.8
4.1

61.4
1.8
2.7
8.5
13.3
16.7
3.8

58.8
1.8
2.5
8.2
16.5
3.5

207.5
6.1
12.0
29.5
44.4
33.8
12.6

198.4
6.0
11.0
27.7
41.7
32.0
12.0

188.6
5.9
10.1
26.5
_
30.1
11.6

292.7
5.4
28.9
61.8
82.3
42.2
9.9

283.6
5.3
28.8
61.6
78.0
39.7
9.3

270.5
5.2
27.5
59,5
_
37.1
9.0

15
16
17
18
19
20
21

73.9
40.3
7.5
6.8

71.7
39.2
7.3
6.6

69.0
37.2
7.5
6.2

247.0
123.6
23.1
24.1

235.7
116.7
22.5
23.1

226.3
109.8
22.2
21.6

58.4
35.7
5.0
6.0

55.3
33.5
4.8
5.7

50.8
30.5
4.5
5.2

168.1
82.9
17.9
18.4

-159.5
77.0
17.3
17.5

145.7
70.3
16.1
16.1

237.8
88.7
16.9
26.6

230.1
85.2
16.3
26.5

218.5
79.8
15.7
25.9

22
23
24
25

41.2
8.8
8.0
3.6

41.3
8.8
8.0
3.5

40.9
8.8
7.7
3.7

93.2
18.9
17.7
12.7

90.8
18.7
17.4
12.3

89.0
17.9
17.0
12.0

15.1
3.8
2.8
2.1

14.7
3.6
2.8
2.0

14.5
3.4
2.8
2.0

64.3
11.6
10.1
8.7

62.8
11.4
9.9
8.8

62.2
11.0
9.7
8.5

95.3
13.5
12.0
6.7

94.9
14.1
12.3
6.5

92.1
13.8
11.6
6.3

26
27
28
29

79.5
1.3
2.2
5.3
30.8
2.2

76.8
4.3
1.4
2.1
4.9
29.8
2.1

75.8
4.2
1.3
2.1
4.9
29.7
2.0

323.1
13.7
6.0
7.0
23.6
120.3
9.6

308.7
12.8
5.8
6.7
22.4
115.5
9.3

298.0
12.0
5.7
6.6
21.4
112.7
9.3

59.0
1.4
.7
.6
6.2
27.9
1.4

56.2
1.3
.6
.6
6.0
26.8

1.4

54.3
1.3
.7
.6
5.8
25.6
1.3

217.0
8.0
4.6
5.4
16.8
83.9
7.7

207.2
7.6
4.5
5.3
15.7
80.7
7.3

196.7
7.2
4.5
5.1
14.7
75.8
6.9

254.9
6.7
4.3
4.4
44.1
70.5
7.0

244.6
6.1
3.9
4.1
43.8
67.8
6.7

230.3
5.2
3.6
3.7
40.5
64.9
6.0

10.9
1.5
2.5

10.5
1.5
2.6

10.2
1.5
2.6

23.8
4.6
3.9

22.5
4.4
4.0

21.5
4.1
4.1

3.6
.8
1.0

3.4
.8
1.0

3.5
.8
1.0

15.3
2.5
3.3

14.2
2.4
3.1

13.3
2.1
2.9

27.9
3.6
5.5

28.3
3.5
5.5

28.6
3.4
5.5

4.4




-

.

-

-

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

30
31
32
33
34
35 ,
36

37
38
39

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA HOURS AND EARNINGS

12

2: Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by State and selected areas
Average weekly earnings

State and area

Average weekly hours

Average hourly earnings

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

$111.38
131.93
133.76

$105.32
126.99
124.66

$98.16
121.76
118.15

41.1
41.1
42.6

41.3
41.5
42.4

40.9
41.7
42.5

$2.71
3.21
3.14

$2.55
3.06
2.94

$2.40
2.92
2.78

185.24

171.97

168.78

42.1

39.9

39.9

4.40

4.31

4.23

126.17
127.08
129.37

123.52
123.82
127.65

119.02
118.08
130.10

40.7
40.6
41.2

40.9
41.0
40.7

40.9
41.0
41.3

3.10
3.13
3.14

3.02
3.02
3.14

2.91
2.88
3.15

94.13
89.50
99.63
118.37

88.84
85.57
93.50
111.92

81.41
78.59
84.77
102.84

40.4
39.6
40.5
41.1

40.2
39.8
40.3
41.3

40.3
40.3
39.8
41.3

2.33
2.26
2.46
2.88

2.21
2.15
2.32
2.71

2.02
1.95
2.13
2.49

CALIFORNIA
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove
Bakersfield
Fresno
Los Angeles-Long Beach . . . .
Modes to-Turlock
Oxnard-Ventura
Sacramento
Salinas-Monterey
.
San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario
San Diego- • •
San Francisco-Oakland
San Jose
Santa Barbara
Santa Rosa
..
Stockton
Vallejo-Napa . . . .

145.89
147.50
148.92
121.91
142.51
124.36
127.01
154.45
128.21
141.86
158.36
159.19
153.12
136.12
128.21
145.89
140.56

138.63
138.99
142.27
115.97
136.82
122.18
123.53
150.40
123.24
137.90
150.66
150.08
143.78
126.29
121.52
137.08
131.79

132.92
133.81
139.06
110.02
131.78
117.56
117.11
140.01
109.96
130.41
146.47
140.30
135.34
124.26
116.05
131.67
126.06

40.3
41.2
40.8
38.7
40.6
38.5
39.2
39.3
38.5
40.3
40.5
39.5
40.4
39.8
38.5
40.3
38.3

40.3
41.0
41.0
38.4
40.6
38.3
40.5
40.0
39.0
40.8
40.5
39.6
40.5
39.1
39.2
40,2
38.2

40.4
41.3
40.9
38.2
40.8
38.8
39.3
39.0
37.4
40.5
40.8
39.3
40.4
39.2
38.3
39.9
38.2

3.62
3.58
3.65
3.15
3.51
3.23
3.24
3.93
3..33
3.52
3.91
4.03
3.79
3.42
3.33
3.62
3.67

3.44
3.39
3.47
3.02
3.37
3.19
3.05
3.76
3.16
3.38
3.72
3.79
3.55
3.23
3.10
3.41
3.45

3.29
3.24
3.40
2.88
3.23
3.03
2.98
3.59
2.94
3.22
3.59
3.57
3.35
3.17
3.03
3.30
3.30

COLORADO
Denver

138.43
141.32

130.60
132.84

121.36
125.15

41.2
41.2

41.2
41.0

41.0
40.9

3.36
3.43

3.17
3.24

2.96
3.06

CONNECTICUT
Bridgeport
Hartford
New Britain
New Haven
Stamford
Waterbury . . .

128.63
133.35
140.18
128.96
128.65
131.77
119.36

123.65
128.83
132.99
127.97
122.60
126.05
117.04

41.7
41.9
42.9
41.7
41.2
42.3
41.4

41.9
42.2
43.0
41.6
41.5
41.7
41.3

42.2
42.8
42.9
42.8
41.7
42.3
42.1

3,28
3.33
3.47
3.30
3.28
3.43
3.05

3.07
3.16
3.26
3,10

.••„••

136.78
139.53
148.86
137.61
135.14
145.09
126.27

2.93
3.01
3.10
2.99
2.94
2.98
2.78

..

130.17
145.44

129.34
142.74

117.71
130.33

40.3
40.4

40.8
40.9

39.9
40.1

3.23
3.60

3.17
3.49

2.95
3.25

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA :
Washington SMSA

138.77

129.17

122.80

39.2

39.5

40.0

3.54

3.27

3.07

FLORIDA
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood . . .
Jacksonville
Miami
Orlando
Pensacola
Tampa-St. Petersburg
West Palm Beach

113.30
112.87
116.88
106.60
116.32
133.98
116.34
123.19

105.82
104.12
107.20
98.49
111.78
126.52
110.72
116.77

100.86
93.38
105.66
91.84
101.01
111.79
104.49
118.97

41.5
40.6
41.3
41.0
42.3
42.4
42.0
41.9

41.5
40.2
40.3
40.7
42.5
42.6
42.1
43.9

42.2
40.6
41.6
41.0
42.8
41.1
43.0
43.9

2.73
2.78
2.83
2.60
2.75
3.16
2.77
2.94

2.55
2.59
2.66
2.42
2.63
2.97
2.63
2.66

2.39
2.30
2.54
2.24
2.36
2.72
2.43
2.71

GEORGIA
Atlanta
Savannah

104.55
130.73
129.44

96.70
120.18
119.56

89.73
108.63
115.18

41.0
40.6
42.3

40.8
40.6
42.1

40.6
39.5
42.5

2.55
3.22
3.06

2.37
2.96
2.84

2.21
2.75
2.71

119.59
120.78

112.68
111.84

100.35
98.53

39.6
39.6

40.1
39.8

39.2

3.02

39.1

3.05

2.81
2.81

2.56
2.52

122.92

119.30

112.58

38.9

39.9

39.5

3.16

2.99

2.85

141.69
143.86
153.97

132.53
134.13
145.79

125.04
127.09
141.33

41.0
41.1
39.9

40.8
40.8
39.8

40.8
41.0
40.6

3.46
3.50
3.86

3.25
3.28
3.66

3.07
3.10
3.48

ALABAMA
Birmingham
Mobile
ALASKA

.

ARIZONA
Phoenix
Tucson
ARKANSAS
Fort Smith
Little Rock-North Little Rock
Pine Bluff

DELAWARE
Wilmington

HAWAII

.

......••

Honolulu
IDAHO

...

ILLINOIS
Chicago
Davenport-Rock Island-Moline
See footnotes at end of table.




.

127

ESTABLISHMENT D A T A
STATE AND AREA HOURS AND EARNINGS

2: Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by State and selected areas—Continued
State and area

Average weekly earnings

1969
ILLINOIS (continued)
Peoria
Rockford

1968

Average weekly hours

Average hourly earnings

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

$160.12
143.80

$153.73
135.62

$142.88
128.09

41.3
42.1

42.0
42.2

41.5
42.6

$3.88
3.41

$3.66
3.22

$3.44
3.01

INDIANA
Indianapolis 1

143.97
144.79

136.86
139.10

126.58
128.96

40.9
40.9

41.1
41.4

40.7
41.2

3.52
3.54

3.33
3.36

3.11
3.13

IOWA
Cedar Rapids.
Des Moines . .
Dubuque . . . .
Sioux City . . .
Waterloo

137.94
139.33
147.50
149.35
129.74
154.01

130.14
129.58
137.14
142.87
127.65
155.13

123.33
121.81
131.18
134.60
118.06
145.92

40.1
41.1
40.3
38.1
42.4
39.9

40.4
41.0
40.0
38.9
42.4
41.4

40.9
41.4
40.1
38.7
41.1
41.8

3.44
3.39
3.66
3.92
3.06
3.86

3.67
3.01
3.75

3.01
2.94
3.27
3.48
2.87
3.49

KANSAS .
Topeka.
Wichita.

128.86
151.82
133.42

126.32
140.99
132.27

119.68
127.04
128.54

41.9
44.8
41.9

42.5
44.1
42.1

42.1
43.2
42.1

3.07
3.39
3.18

2.97
3.20
3.14

2.84
2.94
3.05

KENTUCKY.

Louisville.

122.71
135.89

117.23
131.67

107.87
121.80

40.1
39.4

40.4
40.3

39.9
39.8

3.06
3.45~

2.90
3.27

2.71
3.06

LOUISIANA . .
Baton Rouge
New Orleans
Shreveport. .

128.74
154.40
131.93
120.38

121.93
146.32
125.93
109.41

114.78
134.31
119.07
107.78

41.8
42.3
41.1
41.8

41.9
41.1
41.7
41.6

42.2
40.7
41.2
42.6

3.08
3.65
3.21
2.88

2.91
3.56
3.02
2.63

2.72
3.30
2.89
2.53

MAINE
Lewiston-Auburn
Portland

102.51
84.41
107.87

98.09
83.38
101.75

93.07
77.90
96,08

40.2
36.7
40.1

40.7
37.9
39.9;

41.0
38.0
40.2

2.55
2.30
2.69

2.41
2.20
2.55

2.27
2.05
2.39

MARYLAND
Baltimore .

131.38
135.86

122.61
126.27

114.21
119.48

40.8
40.8

40.6
40.6

40.5
40.5

3.22
3.33

3.02
3.11

2.82
2.95

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston
Brockton
Fall River
Lawrence-Haverhill
Lowell
New Bedford
Springfield-Chicopee-Holyoke
Worcester .

120.69
128.51
103.50
91.14
113.60
104.76
99.20
124.22
128.24

114.40
122.19
100.35
85.92
106.80
99.04
94.28
117.97
119.80

108.00
116.11
93.69
78.76
101.24
91.57
87.55
110.70
112.63

39.7
39.3
37.5
35.6
40.0
38.8
38.3
40.2
40.2

40.0
39.8
39.2
36.1
40.0
39.3
38.8
40.4
39.8

40.0
39.9
39.2
35.8
39.7
38.8
38.4
40.4
39.8

3.04
3.27
,76
,56
,84
,70
2.59
3.0?
3.19

2.86
3.07
2.56
2.38
2.67
2.52
2.43
2.92
3.01

2.70
2.91
2.39
2.20
2.55
2.36
2.28
2.74
2.83

MICHIGAN
Ann Arbor
Battle Creek
Bay City
Detroit
Flint
Grand Rapids
Jackson
Kalamazoo
;
Lansing
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights .
Saginaw

166.78
167.20
164.64
150.91
176.85
188.06
144.55
157.28
157.33
173.84
146.98
175.01

164.15
167.35
150.59
145.16
173.05
184.00
134.40
144.98
144.63
174.42
136.27
167.87

145.78
144.55
140.11
132.99
154.62
160.15
123.79
132.97
136.40
149,16
134,88
149.11

42.0
41.8
43.2
41.7
42.4
42.1
41.1
40.6
43.2
42.0
42.2
42.1

43,3
42.8
42.6
42.1
44.0
42.9
41.1
39.6
42.4
43.4
40.4
43.0

42.0
40.8
41.9
41.3
42.5
42.0
41.1
39.2
42.8
41.7
41.5
42.3

3.97
4.00
3.81
3.62
4.17
4.47
3.52
3.87
3.64
4.14
3.48
4.16

3.79
3.91
3.54
3.45
3.93
4.29
3.27
3.66
3.41
4.02
3.37
3,90

3.47
3.54
3.34
3.22
3.64
3.81
3.01
3.39
3.19
3.58
3.25
3.53

MINNESOTA
Duluth-Superior . . . .
Minneapolis-St. Paul .

136.73
125.63
144.73

128.87
121.25
135.81

122.12
116.03
129.07

41.2
39.2
41.6

41.2
39.8
41.5

41.2
39.6
41.5

3.32
3.21
3.48

3.13
3.04
3.27

2.97
2.93
3.11

95.06
92.62

91.43
90.42

82.62
83.84

40.8
40.8

41.0
41.1

40.7
40.7

2.33
2.27

2.23
2.20

2.03
2.06

MISSOURI . . .
Kansas City.
St. Joseph . .
St. Louis. ...
Springfield. .

127.76
129.28
137,26
145,04
105.63

122.31
127.30
124.23
137.63

114,97
119.46

39.8
40.4
43,3
40.4
39.4

40.1
40.8
42.4
40.6

40.2
40.1

3.21
3.20
3.17
3.59
2.68

3.05
3.12
2.93
3.39

2.86
2.98

MONTANA.

138.23

133.33

122.36

40.3

40.9

39.6

3.43

3.26

3.09

NEBRASKA.
Omaha . . .

127.48
129.51

119.38
123.12

110.82
117.29

42.9
42.1

42.7
42.2

42.2
42.1

2.97
3.08

2.80
2.92

2.63
2.79

MISSISSIPPI
Jackson . .

See footnotes at end of table.




,
,
,
,
,

129.11

40.6

3.18

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA HOURS AND EARNINGS
2:

Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing
by State and selected areas—Continued
Average weekly earnings

State and area

1969
NEVADA

1968

1967

Average weekly hours

payrolls,
Average hourly earnings

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

$157.61

$150.14

$142.52

39.8

39.1

39.7

$3.96

$3.84

$3.59

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Manchester

103.10
92.61

98.74
88.94

91.71
84.24

39.5
37.8

40.3
38.5

40.4
39.0

2.61
2.45

2.45
2.31

2.27
2.16

NEW JERSEY
Atlantic City
Camden 2
Jersey Gity 3
Newark3
Paterson-Clifton-Passaic
Perth Amboy 3
Trenton

132.60
105.74
134.15
137.70
132.18
133.66
137.16
126.48

125.76
99.05
127.41
125.86
126.79
125.36
131.78
123.51

118.96
91.87

40.7
40.1
41.1
40.6
40.9
40.7
40.8
40.1

40.6
39.6
41.0
40.7
40.7
40.8
39.9

3.25
2.65
3.28
3.31
3.28
3.26
3.37
3.17

3.09
2.47
3.10
3.10
3.10
3.08
3.23
3.08

2.93
2.32

120.54
120.07
118.84
125.26
115.71

40.8
39.9
40.9
41.6
40.3
41.0
.40.7
39.9

2.94
2.95
2.92
3.07
2.90

NEW MEXICO
Albuquerque. . .

104.41
113.93

102.47
111.51

97.12
102.56

39.7
40.4

40.5
41.3

40.3
40.7

2.63
2.82

2.53
2.70

2.41
2.52

NEW YORK
Albany-Schenectady-Troy
Binghamton
Buffalo
Elmira
Monroe County
^
Nassau and Suffolk Counties
.....
New York-Northeastern New Jersey . .
New York SMSA 3
New York City 5
Rochester
Rockland County 5
Syracuse
Utica-Rome
Westchester County 5

128.30
137.83
132.40
154.01
120.69
155.12
127.68
126.22
121.09
119.51
150.54
131.36
138.51
123.22
126.22

121.48
130.33
119.54
147.49
111.50
144.84
125.05
119.78
115.12
112.94
140.69
125.63
129.97
115.43
120.69

114.44
125.46
110.84
136.62
108.93
137.01
117.74
112.90
108.39
106.60
132.82
120.60
121.80
111.11
109.70

39.6
40.9
41.9
41.4
39.7
41.7
39.9
39.2
38.2
37.7
41.7
41.7
41.1
40.4
39.2

39.7
40.6
40.8
41.9
39.4
41.5
41.0
39.4
38.5
37.9
41.5
41.6
41.0
40.5
39.7

39.6
41.0
40.6
41.4
39.9
41.9
40.6
39.2
38.3
37.8
41.9
41.3
40.6
40.7
38.9

3.24
3.37
3.16
3.72
3.04
3.72
3.20
3.22
3.17
3.17
3.61
3.15
3.37
3.05
3.22

3.06
3.21
2.93
3.52
2.83
3.49
3.05
3.04
2.99
2.98
3.39
3.02
3.17
2.85
3.04

2.89
3.06
2.73
3.30
2.73
3.27
2.90
2.88
2.83
2.82
3.17
2.92
3.00
2.73
2.82

NORTH CAROLINA
Asheville
Charlotte
«...
Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point
Raleigh

94.13
91.71
99.63
100.47
95.99

88*48
88.10
93.30
93.53
87.30

81.81
80.40
88.18
86.72
82.71

40.4
40.4
41.0
39.4
40.5

40,4
40,6
41.1
39.3
39.5

40.3
40.0
41.4
39.6
39.2

2.33
2.27
2.43
2.55
2.37

2.19
2.17
2.27
2.38
2.21

2.03
2.01
2.13
2.19
2.11

NORTH DAKOTA
Fargo-Moorhead

111.02
122.38

110.99
120.35

102.40
113.51

39.8
39.2

39,6
40.3

40.6
39.8

2.79
3.12

2.80
2.99

2.52
2.85

OHIO
Akron
Canton
Cincinnati
Cleveland
Columbus
Dayton
Toledo
Youngstown-Warren . .

152.10
169.92
150.95
138.86
158.15
140.42
172.94
165.98
158.28

142.58
159.53
136.29
133,37
147.04
132.48
160.74
153.84
146.07

132.48
146.34
128.91
121.56
135.34
124.71
149.03
141.50
135.79

41.9
42.8
41.7
41.7
42.4
40.7
42.7
43.0
40.9

41.8
42.5
40.6
42.0
42.1
40.5
42.6
42.6
40.3

41.5
42.0
40.6
40.9
41.8
40.4
42.4
42.2
39.6

3.63
3.97
3.62
3.33
3.73
3,45
4.05
3.86
3.87

3.41
3.75
3.36
3.18
3.49
3.27
3.77
3.61
3.62

3.19
3.48
3.18
2.97
3.24
3.09
3.51
3.-35
3.43

OKLAHOMA.
Oklahoma City
Tulsa . .

121.25
117.83
133.63

114.11
108.00
126.46

107.16
102.72
119.11

41.1
41.2
41.5

40.9
40.6
41.6

40.9
40.6
41.5

2.95
2.86
3.22

2.79
2.66
3.04

2.62
2.53
2.87

OREGON
Eugene
Portland

140.37
143.75
141.12

132.66
138.51
131.77

123.24
126.15
123.31

39.1
39.6
39.2

39.6
41.1
39.1

39.0
39.3
38.9

3.59
3.63
3.60

3.35
3.37
3.37

3.16
3.21
3.17

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton
Altoona
Erie
Harrisburg
Johnstown
Lancaster
'
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Reading . . . .
Scranton
Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton
York
,...

127.52
123.09
107.56
137.05
117.56
126.67.
116.76
136.49
146.65
116.40
98.68
93.22
120.42

119.20
114.66
98.67
128.94
109.47
117.00
107,60
126.63
138.85
110.29
94.60
86.85
111.14

112.52
108.85
90.68
122.35
104.04
111.00
102.11
119.80
132.11
102.14
88.69
82.29
103.57

40.1
39.2
39.4
42.3
40.4
37.7
40.4
40.5
40.4
40.0
38.1
36.7
42.4

40.0
39.0
39.0
42.0
40.1
37.5
40.0
40.2
40.6
40.4
38.3
36,8
42.1

39.9
38.6
38.1
41.9
40.8
37.0
40.2
40.2
40.4
39.9
38.9
36.9
4271

3.18
3.-14
2.73
3.24
2.91
3.36
2.89
3.37
3.63
2.91
2.59
2.54
2.84

2.98
2.94
2.53
3.07
2.73
3.12
2.69
3.15
3.42
2.73
2.47
2.36
2.64

2.82
2.82
2.38
2.92
2.55
3.00
2.54
2.98
3.27
2.56
2.28
2.23
2.46 I

See footnotes at end of table.




...

129
2:

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE A N D A R E A H O U R S A N D EARNINGS

Gross hours and earnings of production workers on manufacturing payrolls,
by State and selected areas—Continued
Average weekly hours

Average weekly earnings

Average hourly earnings

State and area

1969

1968

$107.87
108.94

$101.96
102.91

SOUTH CAROLINA.
Charleston
Greenville

98.47
114.81
98.41

SOUTH DAKOTA
Sioux Falls . . .

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

$96.80
96.42

40.1
40.2

40.3
40.2

40.5
40.3

$2.69
2.71

$2.53
2.56

$2.39
2.40

92.06
III.22
89.98

84.66
97.82
83.03

41.2
41.3
41.7

41.1
41.5
40.9

40.9
41.1
40.9

2.39
2.78
2.36

2.24
2.68
2.20

2.07
2.38
2.03

122.23
142.44

121.32
137.53

117.96
137.62

43.5
45.8

45.1
47.1

45.9
48.8

2.81
3.11

2.69
2.92

2.57
2.82

TENNESSEE .
Chattanooga
Knoxville . .
Memphis . .
Nashville . .

105.04
114.52
116.69
117.14
113.93

99.38
108.40
110.28
111.65
107.32

91.43
100.94
101.60
103.32
99.88

40.4
40.9
40.1
41.1
40.4

40.4
40.6
40.1
41.2
40.5

40.1
40.7
40.0
41.0
40.6

2.60
2.80
2.91
2.85
2.82

2.46
2.67
2.75
2.71
2.65

2.28
2.48
2.54
2.52
2.46

TEXAS
Amarillo
Austin
Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange.
Corpus Christi
Dallas
El Paso
Fort Worth
Galveston-Texas City . . . . .
Houston
Lubbock
San Antonio
Waco
Wichita Falls

125.03
109.75
101.50
163.53
145.51
120.06
83.13
134.50
181.05
146.46
106.52
101.09
104.22
97.82

119.81
10i.56
95.27
151.62
139.40
113.16
82.19
129.36
173.26
141.26

99.65
94.85
104.30
93.73

111.49
94.64
86.86
142.91
133.03
105.00
75.27
124.66
159.55
132.56
93.08
90.10
96.82
88.13

41.4
40.8
40.6
41.4
42.3
•41.4
39*4
41.9
42O6
42.7
43.3
41.6
38.6
41.1

41.6
40.3
40.2
41.2
42.5
41.3
39.9
42.0
43.1
43.2
43.9
41.6
40.9
40.4

41.6
40.1
40.4
40.6
42.5
41.5
39.0
42.4
42.1
42.9
43.7
42.3
41.2
40.8

3.02
2.69
2.50
3.95
3.44
2.90
2.11
3.21
4.25
3.43
2.46
2.43
2.70
2.38

2.88
2.52
2.37
3.68
3.28
2.74
2.06
3.08
4.02
3.27
2.27
2.28
2.55
2.32

2.68
2.36
2.15
3.52
3.13
2.53
1.93
2.94
3.79
3.09
2.13
2.13
2.35
2.16

UTAH
Salt Lake City .

129.49
122.70

126.63
121.77

120.70
118.32

39.6
39.2

40.2
41.0

40.1
40.8

3.27
3.13

3.15
2.97

3.01
2.90

VERMONT .
Burlington.
Springfield

114.54
127.74
127.39

108.00
117.02
117.33

102.72
109.74
117.70

41.5
43.3
40.7

41.7
42.4
40.6

42.1
42.7
42.8

2.76
2.95
3.13

2.59
2.76
2.89

2.44
2.57
2.75

VIRGINIA
Lynchburg
Norfolk-Portsmouth .
Richmond
Roanoke

106.60
105.50
113.70
115.83
101.33

101.11
98.18
111.30
109.89
96.98

93.43
.87.76
100o43
104.14
90.72

41.0
42.2
41.8
40,5
41.7

41.1
42.5
42.0
40.7
41.8

40.8
41.2
41.5
41.0
42.0

2.60
2.50
2.72
2.86
2.43

2.46
2.31
2.65
2.70
2.32

2.29
2.13
2.42
2.54
2.16

WASHINGTON . .
Seattle-Everett
Spokane
Tacoma

152.08
163.21
145.36
145.90

141.73
146.00
143.21
134.43

133.12
138.75
131.47
126.06

39.5
40.2
39.5
38.6

39.7
40.0
40.8
38.3

39.5
40.1
39.6
38.2

3.85
4.06
3.68
3.78

3.57
3.65
3.51
3.51

3.37
3.46
3.32
3.30

WEST VIRGINIA
Charleston
Huntington-Ashland.
Wheeling

128.64
160.02
138.50
130.00

122.41
145.60
132.66
122.40

116.40
140.19
123.86
117.60

40.2
42.9
39.8
40.0

40.4
41.6
39.6
40.0

40.0
41.6
39.7
40.0

3.20
3.73
3.48
3.25

3.03
3.50
3.35
3.06

2.91
3.37
3.12
2.94

WISCONSIN .
Green Bay.
Kenosha . .
La Crosse.
Madison . .
Milwaukee.
Racine . . .

140.72
142.73
157.66
115.33
149.87
151.90
146.25

130.97
131.84
133.67
110.24
140.28
141.09
132.17

123.05
124.96
128.80
105.47
130.13
133.80
129.18

41.4
42.8
41.2
40.2
40.6
41.2
41.2

41.1
42.7
38.1
39.8
41.0
40.8
40.0

41.2
43.2
38.2
39.4
40.7
40.8
40.5

.40
.34
.82
2.87
.69
,69
.55

3.18
3.09
3.51
2.77
3.42
3.46
3.31

2.99
2.89
3.37
2.68
3.20
3.28
3.19

WYOMING . .
Casper . . ,

123.24
152.62
108.68

118.50
144.43

120.48
136.46

39.0
40.7
35.4

38.6
40.8

39.5
39.9

3.16
3.75
3.07

3.07
3.54

3.05
3.42

RHODE ISLAND
Providence-Pawtucket-Warwick

Cheyenne .

1967

1
Data for 1967 not comparable with later years because of change in area definition.
at end of tables.)
< Subarea of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Standard Metropolitan S t a t i s t i c a l Area.
J Area incxuded in N w York-Northeastern N w Jersey Standard Consolidated Area,
e
e
iSubarea of Rochester Standard Metropolitan S t a t i s t i c a l Area.
Subarea of New York Standard Metropolitan S t a t i s t i c a l Area.

SOURCE:




Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.

(See area definitions

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA LABOR TURNOVER
Labor turnover rates in manufacturing for selected States and areas
(Per 100 employees)
Separation rates

Accession races
Industry

Quits

Total

Layoffs

1967

1969
ALABAMA:
Birmingham .
Mobile 1 . .

New hires

Total
1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

3.2
10.3

1.7
2.5

1.3
1.9

1.9

0.8
3.0

1.5
4.5

1.5
7.5

3.8
7.0

3.2
7.5

3.0
9.2

2.8
3.7

2.0
2.7

1.8
2.2

3.3
6.4

3.4

\LASKA.

19.8

19.6

19.9

14.5

15.5

15.5

20.0

21.2

19.9

6.2

7.1

7.4

12.5

12.9

11.3

ARIZONA .
Phoenix .

6.0
5.9

5.6
5.7

5.0
5.1

4.8
4.8

4.2
4.3

3.6
3.6

5.6
5.5

4.9
4.8

5.0
5.0

3.2
3.2

2.6
2.6

2.2
2.2

1.1
1.0

1.3
1.1

1.7
1.8

ARKANSAS
Fort Smith. .
Little Rock-North Little Rock .
Pine Bluff

7.1
8.7
7.6
5.4

6.7
7.0
6.3
5.1

6.6
7.7
6.0
4.7

6.1
7.9
6.7
4.7

5.6
6.3
5.3
4.3

5.5
6.7
5.1
3.7

7.0
8.4
7.0
5.3

6.2
6.6
6.0
4.9

6.5
7.0
5.7
5.2

4.9
6.7
5.0
3.7

4.4
4.7
4.3
3.5

4.5
5.1
3.9
3.3

.7
.6

.9
1.0
.6
.6

1.1
1.0
.6
1.0

CALIFORNIA 1
Los Angeles-Long Beach 1

4.9
5.2

4.8
5.1

3.9
4.4

2.4
2.6

1.4
1.2

COLORADO
Denver . . .

5.4
5.5

5.2
4.8

5.2
4.6

4.3
4.7

4.1
4.1

3.6
3.7

5.1
5.1

4.9
4.5

4.5"

2.9
3.2

2.6
2.6

2.3
2.3

1.3
.9

1.3
1.0

1.9
1.4

CONNECTICUT .
Hartford

3.6
3.0

3.4
2.9

3.4
3.3

3.0
2.4

2.8
2.4

2.8
2.8

3.8
3.3

3.6
3.3

3.5
3.3

2.3
2.0

2.2
2.0

2.2
2.2

.5
.3

.5
.4

.5
.2

DELAWARE 1
Wilmington ^

5.0
4.4

4.1
3.9

3.8
3.4

2.2
2.1

2.1
1.8

2.0
1.6

4.8
4.6

3.9
3.7

4.3
4.0

1.6
1.4

1.4
1.2

1.4
1.1

2.4
2.4

1.7
1.7

2.2
2.2

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA:
Washington SMSA

2.8

3.0

3.0

2.7

2.9

2.8

2.9

3.0

3.1

2.2

2.4

2.3

.2

.1

.2

FLORIDA
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood.
Jacksonville
Miami
Orlando
Pensacola
Tampa-St. Petersburg
West Palm Beach

7.2
8.7
6.8
6.3
6.5
1.4
7.8
5.7

6.3
8.6
6.5
6.0
6.6
1.6
6.8
5.2

6.6
7.3
6.2
6.7
7.4
1.6
7.3
5.3

5.8
8.2
6.3
5.6
5.4
1.3
7.4
4.5

5.0
7.9
6.2
5.3
5.1
1.5
4.1
4.2

5.3
6.5
5.7
6.0
5.7
1.4
5.2
4.6

7.2
9.0
6.9
6.3
7.0
1.6
7.6
6.2

6.2
7.6
6.0
5.9
6.2
1.7
6.8
5.2

6.3
7.4
6.5
5.8
7.7
1.8
7.1
5.9

4.4
6.3
5.3
4.0
4.0
1.2
3.1
3.3

3.6
5.8
4.6
3.3
3.6
1.2
4.0
2.9

3.6
4.9
4.1
3.6
4.3
1.3
3.6
3.1

1.6
1.0
.6
1.3
2.0
.2
1.8
1.4

1.7
.6
.4
1.6
1.6
.2
1.9
.9

1.7
1.3
1.6
1.2
2.4
.2
2.2
1.8

GEORGIA .
Atlanta 2

5.8
5.8

5.4
4.9

5.2
4.3

4.8
5.0

4.4
4.0

4.0
3.6

5.8
5.7

5.2
4.6

5.2
4.7

4.0
4.1

4.3
2.9

3.4
2.8

.7
.7

.7
.8

.9
1.0

3.5

3.4

2.7

2.9

2.4

1.9

3.1

3.0

2.7

1.9

1.5

1.2

.4

.5

IDAHO * .

7.0

6.6

6.5

5.4

5.4

4.7

3.6

3.2

2.2

1.8

1.8

ILLINOIS:
Chicago .

4.8

4.7

4.7

4.2

4.0-

3.9
3.4

3.9
3.7

3.7
3.6

3.1
2.7

IOWA
Cedar Rapids.
Des Moines . .

4.2
4.2
5.1

4.5
4.2
5.6

4.4
4.9
5.1

KANSAS .
Topeka.
Wichita.

4.7
4.4
3.4

4.5
3.7"
3.4

KENTUCKY.
Louisville.

4.5
3.8
4.0

LOUISIANA:
New Orleans

6

rfAINE . . .
Portland .

MARYLAND
Baltimore

•••••

See footnotes at end of table.




. . 3.8
3.8

6.6

6.0

4.1

4.9

4.8

4.9

3.1

3.0

3.1

.5

.6

2.8
2.8

2.7
2.8

4.1
3.8

3.9
3.7

4.0
4.0

2.3
2.0

2.1
2.0

2.1
2.2

.6

.9
.5

1.1
.7

3.3
3.3
3.9

3.5
3.3
4.3

3.6
3.5
4.1

4.5
4.2
5.4

4.4
4.2
5.4

4.5
4.8
5.2

2.6
2.3
3.2

2.7
2.3
3.5

2.8
3.0
3.2

1.1
1.2
1.2

1.0
1.1
.9

1.0
1.1
1.0

4.2
3.1
3.6

3.7
3.4
2.7

3.6
2.9
2.8

3.3
2.5
2.8

5.0
4.0
4.3

4.5
3.4
4.2

4.4
3.4
3.8

2.8
2.3
2.2

2.6
1.9
2.3

2.5
1.9
2.2

1.1
.6
1.3

1.0
.8
1.0

4.4
3.7

3.6
3.3

3.5
2.9

3.3
3.0

2.3
2.2

4.5
3.8

4.4
3.4

3.9
3.6

2.6
2.1

2.4
1.9

1.8
1.7

.8
.6

1.2
.6

1.2
.9

4.3

4.3

3.1

2.6

4.6

4.4

4.2

1.8

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.8

6.9
4.4

INDIANA 1 , (
Indianapolis '

7.5

4.2

7.0
4.5

5.2
3.5

5.0
3.8

6.9
4.6

6.9
4.6

4.2
3.1

4.0
3.0

.8

1.9
1.0

4.0
3.9

3.9
3.7

2.8
2.7

2.7
2.5

4.2
4.2

4.0
3.7

1.9
1.9

1.9
1.8

1.5
1.5

1.5
1.4

2.8
2.8

3.9
3.9

2.0
2.0

1.1
1.1

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA LABOR TURNOVER
3: Labor turnover rates in manufacturing for selected States and areas—Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates
Total

Industry

Separation rates

New hires

Total

Layoffs

Quits

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

MASSACHUSETTS. . .
Boston

4.7
.1

4.4
4.0

4.5
4.1

3.6
3.3

3.2
3.1

3.2
3.0

4.8
4.4

4.5
4.3

4.6
4.3

2.8
2.7

2.6
2.5

2.6
2.4

1.1
.9

1.1
1.0

1.2
1.1

MICHIGAN
Detroit

4.6
4.7

4.6
4.6

4.1
3.9

2.9
3.0

2.8
3.0

2.4
2.3

5.3
5.3

4.7
4.6

4.8
4.5

1.9

1.8
1.9

1.5
1.4

2.3
1.9

1.8
1.6

2.3
2.1

5.2

5.2
5.6
4.8

5.2
4.5
5.0

4.1

3.9
4.4
3.5

3.7
3.3
3.6

5.2
5.0

5.0
5.8
4.4

5.1
5.5
4.5

2.8
2.9
2.5

2.7
2.7
2.5

1.2

4.0

1.4
1.7
1.0

1.6
1.8
1.2

5.5

5.6

5.1

4.9

4.8

4.2

5.8

5.4

5.8

3.8

3.4

4.4
4.6
3.7

4.2
4.2
3.4

4.1
3.8
3.6

3.5
3.6
2.9

3.3
3.3
2.7

3.2
3.0
2.7

4.7
4.7
4.0

4.2
4.0
3.5

4.2
3.9
3.8

2.6
2.7
2.0

2.4
2.3
1.9

2.3
2.1
1.9

4.2

4.7

5.0

3.7

4.2

4.5

4.6

4.7

5.6

2.8

2.9

3.3

MINNESOTA
Duluth-Superior . . .
Minneapolis-St. Paul
MISSISSIPPI:
Jackson

--

MISSOURI . . .
Kansas City
St. Louis . .
MONTANA

4

...

5.0

2.0
3.1
3.1

.9

1.5
.9
.9
.7

1.1
1.0
1.0

.9

1.2
1.0
.9

1.3

NEBRASKA

6.0

5.1

5.0

5.2

4.2

3.9

5.8

4.8

4.6

4.0

3.3

2.9

.7

.6

1.0

NEVADA

6.4

5.5

5.2

5.9

4.6

4.1

6.9

5.3

5.7

3.8

2.8

2.2

1.6

1.4

2.4

NEW HAMPSHIRE.

5.3

5.1

5.0

4.6

4.3

4.1

5.5

5.2

5.1

4.0

3.9

3.6

.6

.5

.8

NEW JERSEY:
Jersey City
Newark
Paterson-Clifton-Passaic ;
Perth Amboy
.
Trenton

3.8
4.4
4.6
3.9
4.1

3.9
4.0
4.8
4.5
3.9

3.8
3.8
4.2
3.4
3.4

2.6
3.4
3.6
2.9
3.2

2.6
2.9
3.4
2.7
2.5

2.4
2.7
3.0
2.4
2.0

4.0
4.6
5.0
3.8
4.0

3.9
4.0
4.8
4.5
4.0

4.1
4.0
4.3
3.5
3.7

1.8
2.4
2.7
2.0
2.1

1.6
1.9
2..3
1.8
1.8

1.5
1.7
2.0
1.6
1.5

1.3
1.2
1.3
.9
.9

1.4
1.3
1.5
1.7
1.5

1.-8
1.5
1.4
1.2
1.4

NEW YORK
Albany-Schenectady-Troy . . . .
Binghamton
Buffalo. .
i ......
Elmira .
Monroe County 7
Nassau and Suffolk Counties 8
New YorkSMSA
New York City 8
Rochester . .
Syracuse
Utica-Rome
Westchester County ° . . . . . .

.6
3.3
2.6
3.7
3.3
2.9
4.7
5.5
5.8
3.4
3.7
3.5
4.7

4.4
3.0
2.4
3.3
4.0
2.9
4.2
5.0
5.4
3.5
3.4
4.1
4.9

4.3
3.2
2.1
3.3
4.7
3.0
4.1
4.6
5.0
3.6
3.3
3.5
.7

3.3
2.5
1.9
2.5
2.7
2.4
3.8
3.8
3.9
2.9
2.8
2.5
3.4

3.1
2.2
1.6
2.1
3.2
2.4
3.6
3.5
3.7
2.8
2.4
2.9
3.1

2.9
2.3
1.6
1.8
4.0
2.6
3.4
3.2
3.2
3.0
2.2
2.4
2.8

4.8
3.3
2.7
3.8
3.9
2.9
8
7
6.1
3.4_
3.7
3.5
7

4.6
3.0
2.3
3.5
4.1
2.8
4.4
5.1
5.7
3.3
3.4
3.8
4.7

4.6
3.2
2.3
3.5
5.1
2.9
4.1
4.9
5.4
3.5
4.0
4.2
4.7

2.2
1.9
1.6
1.7
2.1
1.8
2.8
2.5
2.4
1-9
2.1
1.9
2.2

2.0
1.5
1.4
1.5
2.5
1.6
2.5
2.2
2,1
1.8
1.9
2.1
1.8

1.8
1.5
1.4
1.2
2.9
1.8
2.3
1.8
1.7
1.9
2.0
1.8
1.7

1.7
.5
.4
1.3
1.0
.4
1.1
2.3
2.7
.7
.7
1.0
1.6

1.7
.4
.2
1.4
.8
.5
1.1
2.1
2.6
.9
.8
1.0
2.1

1.9
.7
.3
1.7
1.2
.6
1.1
2.2
2.8
.9
1.3
1.7
2.3

NORTH CAROLINA
Charlotte
•
Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point .

4.9
5.6
4.5

4.9
5.3
4.3

4.5
4.5
4.0

4.2
5.2
3.9

4.1
4.8
3.6

3.7
.1
3.4

4.9
5.7
4.4

4.6
5.0
3.9

4.5
4.6
3.7

3.7
4.5
3.3

3.5
4.0
2.9

3.2
3.5
2.7

.4
.4
.3

.4
.1
.2

.5
.3
.3

NORTH DAKOTA .
Fargo-Moorhead .

5.3
6.5

5.2
6.0

5.2
5.9

3.9
4.7

4.1
4.4

4.3
4.4

5.4
6.3

5.2
5.7

4.6
5.3

2.8
3.5

2.7
2.7

2.4
2.7

1.5
1.8

1.9
2.2

1.4
1.9

OHIO
Akron
Canton
Cincinnati
Cleveland
Columbus
Dayton
Toledo
Youngstown-Warren .

4.2
2.9
4.1
4.5
3.9
4.3
3.7
4.6
4.9

3.9
2.7
4.1
4.1
3.7
3.9
3.0
4.4
5.0

3.6
2.5
3.2
3.6
3.4
3.4
3.3
4.3
.0

3.0
2.2
3.1
3.3
3.1
3.5
2.6
3.5
2.2

2.8
2.0
2.7
2.9
2.8
3.1
2.2
3.1
2.1

2.3
1.7
1.9
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.5
2.4
1.5

3.7
2.6
3.9
3.7
3jt
3.3
3.2
4.3
4.0

2.1
1.5
2.1
2.2
2.2
2.4'
1.7
2.1
1.4

1.8
1.2
1.7
1.9
2.0
2.0
1.4
1.9
1.2

1.6
1.2
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.5
1.6
1.5

1.1
.6
1.2
1.1
.8
1.0
2.8

1.4
.8
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.0
.7
1.7
2.3

OKLAHOMA:
Oklahoma City .
Tulsa 9

7.8
5.9

6.0
6.1

5.0
5.0

6.6
5.6

5.2
5.5

4.1
.5

5.1
4.8

4.8
3.9

3.9
3". 6

3.3
3.1

.6

.6

OREGON '
Portland 1

578
5.7

5.9
5.9

5.6
5.1

4.9
5*0

5.2
5.-1

.5
4.2

5.6
5.2

3.2
3.0

3.3
3.1

2.8
2.5

1.4
1.4

2.0
1.9

:

See footnotes at end of table.




.7
1.3
1.0
1.0
.9
2.2

1.8
1.6

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
STATE AND AREA LABOR TURNOVER
3: Labor turnover rates in manufacturing lor selected States and areas—Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Separation rates

Accession rates
New hires

Total

Industry

Total

Layoffs

Quits

1969
PENNSYLVANIA:
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton
Altoona
Erie
Harrisburg
Johnstown
Lancaster
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh
Reading
Scra"nton . . .'
Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton
York

.

RHODE ISLAND
Providence~Pawtucket~Warwick . . . .

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968

1967

1969

1968 1967

3.6
5.4
4.6
3.3
3.6
4.1
3.8
2.6
4.1
4.3
4.2
5.3

3.4
4.7
4.0
2.7
4.2
3.4
3.6
2.5
4.3
4.2
4.3
5.1

3.2
5.3
3.5
3.1
4.3
3.4
3.4
2.3
3.7
4.0
3.9
4.9

2.6
4.2
3.3
2.3
1.9
3.4
3.0
1.6
3.4
2.9
2.8
4.2

2.3
3.5
2.8
2.0
1.7
2.6
2.7
1.4
3.3
2.6
2.7
3.9

2.0
3.0
2:3
2.3
1.8
2.8
2.4
1.1
2.6
2.5
2.4
3.6

3.6
5.1
4.5
3.0
3.2
4.0
3.9
2.4
4.0
4.2
4.4
5.2

3.4
4.7
3.9
3.2
4.3
3.5
3.6
2.7
4.0
4.2
4.2
5.0

3.3
5.4
3.6
3.1
4.5
3.5
3.5
2.5
3.8
4.2
4.5
5.0

2.0
3.1
2.4
1.8
1.4
2.7
2.0
1.0
2.8
1.9
2.2
3.3

1.8
3.0
1.9
1.7
1.3
2.2
1.8
.8
2.5
1.8
2.2
3.3

1.6
2.6
1.6
1.6
1.4
2.2
1.6
.7
2.0
1.7
2.1
3.0

0.7
1.4
1.0
.6
1.2
.6
1.0
.7
.6
1.7
1.6
1.1

1.0
1.2
1.1
1.0
2.5
.6
.9
1.1
1.0
1.8
1.5
1.2

1.1
2.4
1.2
.9
2.7
.8
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.9
1.8
1.4

6.0
5.8

5.9
5.7

6.0
5.8

4.6
4.5

4.5
4.3

4.2
4.1

6.2
6.0

5.8
5.6

6.5
6.3

3.8
3.7

3.4
3.3

3.4
3.4

1.5
1.4

1.4
1.3

2.1
2.0

5.6

5.5

5.4

4.3

4.3

4.0

.3

.5

2.7
2.0

2.7
2.4

2.3
1.7

1.9
2.8

2.2
3.2

1.8
3.2

3.4

3.0

2.8

1.2

1.8

SOUTH CAROLINA:
Greenville

5.5

5.9

5.1

4.8

5.2

4.4

SOUTH DAKOTA . . . .
Sioux Falls

5.3
4.9

5.3
6.1

4.6
5.1

3.5
2.3

3.4
2.8

2.7
1.8

5.5
5.6

5.4
5.8

,4.5
5.1

TENNESSEE:
Memphis . . . .

5.9

5.7

5.9

5.0

4.7

4.1

6.0

5.4

5.7

1O

4.3
5.1
5.5
3.7
4.0

TEXAS
Dallas 1O
Fort Worth 1 o
Houston 1O
San Antonio 1 o
UTAH 4
Salt Lake City

4.1
4.7
4.7
3.4
4.1

3.7
4.6
4.5
3.3
3.5

1969

2.7
3.3
3.2
2.3
2.7

.6
.4
,8
.3
.7

4.5
4.1

4.4
4.3

4.3
3.9

3.4
3.5

3.3
3.6

3.1
3.2

4.7
4.3

4.5
4.2

4.3
3.9

2.4
2.5

2.3
2.3

2.2
2.1

1.6
.9

1.4
1.1

1.4
1.0

VERMONT
Burlington
Springfield

3.5
2.7
2.3

3.3
3.1
1.4

3.3
3.1
2.2

2.8
2.1
1.8

2.5
2.5
1.1

2.5
2.4
1.7

3.5
2.5
2.2

3.1
2.6
2.1

3.5
2.5
2.6

2.4
1.8
1.5

2.0
1.8
1.3

2.1
1.7
1.5

.4
.3
.2

.5
.3
.4

.7
.3
.4

VIRGINIA
Richmond

4.5
3.9

4.7

4.1
3.7

3.7
3.4

3.7
3.4

3.1
3.0

4.6
4.0

4.3
3.9

4.0
4.0

3.0
2.5

2.8
2.3

2.4
2.3

.7
.7

.8
.6

.8
.8

4.5

2.5

3.1

3.5

4.0

4.1

3.9

2.3

2.7

2.5

1.0

.6

.7

1.1

.7

.9

1.2

1.3

2.3
2.1

1.0
.7

1.0
.7

4

WASHINGTON:
Seattle-Everett ''

..

3.2

3.8

WEST VIRGINIA:
Charleston

1.1

1.6

WISCONSIN
Milwaukee

4.6
4.5

4.3
4.0

4.7
4.1

3.7
3.5

3.2
2.9

3.2
2.8

7.3

6.0

5.9

5.8

5.3

4.6

WYOMING

12

13

2.5
4.6
4.4

4.1
3.9

4.8
4.4

2.6
2.5

6.2

7.0

3.8

3.8

3.1

Excludes canning and preserving.
Excludes agricultural chemicals and miscellaneous manufacturing.
Excludes canned fruits, vegetables, preserves, jams and jellies.
4
Excludes canning and preserving, and sugar.
5
Excludes canning and preserving, and newspapers. Data for 1967 not strictly comparable with later years because
of change in area definition. (See area definitions at end of tables.)
6
Data prior to 1969 exclude printing and publishing.
7
Subarea of Rochester Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
8
Subarea of. New York Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
9
Excludes new-hire rate for transportation equipment.
10
Excludes canning and preserving, sugar, and tobacco.
12 Excludes canning and preserving, printing and publishing.
Data for 1967 not strictly comparable with later years because of change in area definition. (See area
definitions at end of tables.)
13
Data prior to 1969 exclude canning and preserving, and sugar.
SOURCE: Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.
2

3




1.6

1.7
1.3




LOCATION OF AREAS IN THE CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
STATISTICS PROGRAM-1969

MIE
O S
N

•

Q

R CF R
Q KO D

I ^ ^ I

s a A OKBRJ
DAVENPORT-J

B M

^^Ml

BEACH

Area Definitions
ALABAMA
Birmingham
.Jefferson, Shelby, and Walker Counties
"Huntsville. .77.7 . . . . . . .Limestone and Madison Counties
Mobile
• Baldwin and Mobile Counties
Montgomery
• Elmore and Montgomery Counties
Tuscaloosa
.Tuscaloosa County

ARIZONA

.Maricopa County
.Pima County

Tucson
ARKANSAS
Fayetteville
Fort Smith

• Washington County
• Crawford and Sebastian Counties, Ark. ;
LeFlore and Sequoyah Counties, Okla.

Little RockN. Little Rock
.Pulaski and Saline Counties
Pine Bluff... . . . . . . 7 7 . .Jefferson County
CALIFORNIA
Anaheim-Santa Ana1
Garden Grove
Baker sfield
Fresno
Los Angeles -

• Orange County
• Kern County
• Fresno County

• Los Angeles County
Modesto-Turlock. . .~ . . Stanislaus County
Oxnard- Ventura
Ventura County
Sacramento
Placer, Sacramento, and Yolo Counties
Monterey County
San BernardinoRiver side-Ontario. . . . • San Bernardino and Riverside Counties
• San Diego County
San FranciscoOakland
.Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San
Francisco, and San Mateo Counties
• Santa Clara County
Santa Barbara.
• Santa Barbara County
Santa Rosa
.Sonoma County
Stockton
• San Joaquin County
Vallejo-Napa
• Napa and Solano Counties

•Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, Denver,
and Jefferson Counties

Hartford

New Haven

Stamford
Waterbury

• Bridgeport and Shelton cities, and Easton,
Fairfield, Monroe, Stratford, and
Trumbull towns in Fairfield County;
Milford town in New Haven County
.Hartford city, and Avon, Bloomfield,
Canton, East Granby, East Hartford,
East Windsor, Enfield, Farmington,
Glastonbury, Granby, Manchester,
Newington, Rocky Hill, Simsbury,
South Windsor, Suffield, West Hartford,
Wether sfield, Windsor, and Windsor
Locks towns in Hartford County; Bolton,
Ellington, Somers, Stafford, Toiland,
and Vernon towns in Toiland County
.New Britain city, and Berlin and Plainville towns in Hartford County
• New Haven city, and Bethany, Branford,
East Haven, Guilford, Hamden,
Madison, North Branford, North Haven,
Orange, West Haven, and Woodbridge
towns in New Haven County
.Stamford city, and Darien, Greenwich,
and New Canaan towns in Fairfield
County
- - . . . . .Waterbury city, Naugatuck borough, and
Beacon Falls, Cheshire, Middlebury,
Prospect, Southbury, and Wolcott
towns in New Haven County; Bethlehem,
Thomaston, Water town, and Woodbury
towns in Litchfield County

DELAWARE
.New Castle County, Del. ; Cecil County,
Md. ; Salem County, N. J.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
District of Columbia; Alexandria, Fairfax,
Washington SMSA
and Falls Church cities, and Arlington,
Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William
Counties, Va. ; Montgomery and Prince
Georges Counties, Md.




. Broward County
Duval County
Dade County
Orange and Seminole Counties
Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties

Miami
....
Orlando
Pensacola
TampaSt. Petersburg
West Palm Beach
GEORGIA
Atlanta

Macon
Savannah. .'

HAWAII
Honolulu.. . .
IDAHO
Boise

Hillsborough and Pinellas Counties
Palm Beach County

Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton, and
Gwinnett Counties
•Richmond County, Ga. ; Aiken County, S. C.
.Chattahoochee and Muscogee Counties, Ga. ;
Russell County, Ala.
.Bibb and Houston Counties
• Chatham County

. . . •Honolulu County
•Ada County

ILLINOIS
Chicago

.Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry, and
Will Counties
ChicagoNorthwestern Indiana. •A Standard Consolidated Area comprised
of Chicago, 111. SMSA and GaryHammond-East Chicago, Ind. SMSA
Davenport-Rock IslandMoline
•Henry and Rock Island Counties, 111. ;
Scott County, Iowa
Peoria
.Peoria, Tazewell, and Woodford Counties
Rockford.'
.Boone and Winnebago Counties

INDIANA
Evansville. . ..

COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
Bridgeport

FLORIDA
Fort LauderdaleHollywood

Fort Wayne
Gary-HammondEast Chicago
Indianapolis

South Bend
Terre Haute

Vanderburgh and Warrick Counties, Ind. ;
Henderson County, Ky.
Allen County
Lake and Porter Counties
Boone, Hamilton, Hancock, Hendricks,
Johnson, Marion, Morgan, and Shelby
Counties (hours and earnings, and labor
turnover prior to 1968 do not include
Boone County)
.Delaware County
•Marshall and St. Joseph Counties
Clay, Sullivan, Vermillion, and Vigo
Counties

IOWA
Cedar Rapids
Des Moines

• Linn County
Polk County
Dubuque County
"Sioux C'ltyTT.7777" .77 .'7~
.Woodbury County, Iowa; Dakota County,
Neb.
• Black Hawk County
Waterloo

KANSAS
Topeka
Wichita

.Shawnee County
• Butler and Sedgwick Counties

KENTUCKY
.Fayette County
• Jefferson County, Ky. ; Clark and Floyd
Counties, Ind.
LOUISIANA
Lake Charle s
Monroe
New Orleans

MAINE
Lewis ton-Auburn
Portland

.East Baton Rouge Parish
.Calcasieu Parish
• Ouachita Parish
• Jefferson, Orleans, St. Bernard, and
St. Tammany Parishes
.Bossier and Caddo Parishes
.Auburn and Lewiston cities, and Lisbon
town in Androscoggin County
Portland, South Portland, and Westbrook
cities, and Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland,
Falmouth, Gorham, Scarborough, and
Yarmouth towns in Cumberland County

MARYLAND
Baltimore

MISSISSIPPI
• Baltimore city, and Anne Arundel,
Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, and
Howard Counties

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston

MISSOURI

• Suffolk County; Cambridge, Everett,
Maiden, Medford, Melrose, Newton,
Somerville, Waltham, and Woburn
cities, and Arlington, Ashland,
Bedford, Belmont, Burlington, Concord, Framingham, Lexington,
Lincoln, Natick, North Reading,
Reading, Sherborn, Stoneham, Sudbury, Wakefield, Watertown, Wayland,
Weston, Wilmington, and Winchester
towns in Middlesex County; Beverly,
Lynn, Peabody, and Salem cities,
and Danvers, Hamilton, Lynnfield,
Manchester, Marblehead, Middleton,
Nahant, Saugus, Swamp scott, Topsfield, and Wenham towns in Essex
County; Quincy city, and Braintree,
Brookline, Canton, Cohasset, Dedham,
Dover, Holbrook, Medfield, Millis,
Milton, Needham, Norfolk, Norwood,
Randolph, Sharon, Walpole, Wellesley,
Westwood, and Weymouth towns in
Norfolk County; Duxbury, Hanover,
Hingham, Hull, Marshfield, Norwell,
Pembroke, Rockland, and Scituate
towns in Plymouth County
Brockton
.Easton town in Bristol County; Avon
and Stoughton towns in Norfolk County;
Brockton city, and Abington, Bridgewater, East Bridgewater, Hanson,
West Bridgewater, and Whitman
towns in Plymouth County
Fall River.
. Fall River city, and Somerset, Swansea,
and Westport towns in Bristol County,
Mass. ; Tiverton town in Newport •
County, R. I.
Lawrence-Haverhill.. . • Lawrence and Haverhill cities, and
Andover, Georgetown, Groveland,
Merrimac, Methuen, North Andover,
and West Newbury towns in Essex
County, Mass. Newton, Plaistow,
and Salem towns in Rockingham
County, N. H.
.Lowell city, and Billerica, Chelmsford,
Lowell
Dracut, Tewksbury, Tyngsborough,
and Westford towns in Middlesex
County
.New Bedford city, and Acushnet, DartNew Bedford
mouth, and Fairhaven towns in
Bristol County; Marion and Mattapoisett towns in Plymouth County
Springfield-Chicopee.Chicopee, Holyoke, Springfield, and
Holyoke
Westfield cities, and Agawam, East
Longmeadow, Hampden, Longmeadow,
Ludlow, Monson, Palmer, Southwick,
West Springfield, and Wilbraham
towns in Hampden County; Northampton
city, and Easthampton, Granby, Hadley,
and South Hadley towns in Hampshire
County; Warren town in Worcester County
• Worcester city, and Auburn, Berlin,
Worcester
Boylston, Brookfield, East Brookfield, Grafton, Holden, Leicester,
Millbury, Northborbugh, Northbridge, North Brookfield, Oxford,
Paxton, Shrewsbury, Spencer,
Sterling, Sutton, Upton, Westborough,
and West Boylston towns in Worcester
County

MICHIGAN
Ann Arbor
Battle Creek
Bay City
Detroit
Flint
Grand Rapids
Kalamazoo

.Washtenaw County
• Calhoun County
.Bay County
.Macomb, Oakland, and Wayne Counties
.Genesee and Lapeer Counties
• Kent and Ottawa Counties
•Jackson County
.Kalamazoo County
.Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham Counties

MuskegonMuskegon Heights. . . . •Muskegon County
.Saginaw County
Saginaw
MINNESOTA
Duluth- Superior
Minneapolis-St. Paul.




. .Hinds and Rankin Counties

St. Joseph

Springfield
MONTANA
Billings
Great Falls

:

. .Yellowstone County
. .Cascade County

NEBRASKA
.Lancaster County
. .Douglas and Sarpy Counties, Nebr. ;
Pottawattamie County, Iowa
NEVADA
Las Vegas
Reno
NEW HAMPSHIRE
Manchester

NEW JERSEY
Atlantic City
Camden
"Jersey City
P a t e r s on-CliftonPassaic
Trenton
NEW MEXICO
Albuquerque
NEW YORK
Albany- Sche ne c tadyTroy
Binghamton
Buffalo
Elmira
Monroe County
Nassau and Suffolk

. .Clark County; Beatty Township
in Nye County
. .Washoe County

. .Manchester city, and Bedford and Goffstown towns in Hillsborough County;
Hooksett town in Merrimack County
.
.
.
.

.Atlantic County
Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester Counties
.Hudson County"
.Essex, M o r r i s , and Union Counties

. .Bergen and Passaic Counties
. .Middlesex and Somerset Counties
• .Mercer County

.Bernalillo County

..Albany, Rensselaer, Saratoga, and
Schenectady Counties
. .Broome and Tioga Counties, N. Y. ;
Susquehanna County, Pa.
. .Erie and Niagara Counties
. .Chemung County
. .Monroe County

. .Nassau and Suffolk Counties
New York-Northeastern
. .A Standard Consolidated Area comprised
New Jersey
of New York, N Y. SMSA; Newark,
o
N . J . SMSA; Jersey City, N. J. SMSA;
Paterson-Clifton-Passaic, N . J .
SMSA; and the Perth Amboy, N . J . area
New York SMSA,
. .New York City, and Nassau, Rockland,
Suffolk, and Westchester Counties
..Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and
New York City
Richmond Counties
..Livingston, Monroe, Orleans, and Wayne
Rochester
Counties
. .Rockland County
. .Madison, Onondaga, and Oswego Counties
. .Herkimer and Oneida Counties
Utica-Rome
Westchester County. . . .Westchester County

NORTH CAROLINA
Asheville
. .Buncombe County
Charlotte
. .Mecklenburg and Union Counties
Greensboro—Wins tonSalem-High P o i n t . . . . .Forsyth, Guilford, Randolph, and Yadkin
Counties
Raleigh
. .Wake County
NORTH DAKOTA
Fargo-Moorhead, . . . . . .Cass County, N. D. ; Clay County, Minn.

OHIO
Akron
.Duluth city, Minn. ; Douglas County,
Wise.
.Anoka, l3akota, Hennepin, Ramsey, and
Washington Counties

. .Johnson and Wyandotte Counties, Kans. ;
Cass, Clay, Jackson, and Platte
Counties, Mo.
. .Buchanan County
. .St. Louis city, and Franklin, Jefferson,
St. Charles, and St. Louis Counties,
Mo. ; Madison and St. Clair Counties,
111.
. .Greene County

Cincinnati

. .Portage and Summit Counties
. .Stark County
. .Clermont, Hamilton, and Warren Counties,
Ohio; Boone, Campbell, and Kenton
Counties, Ky. ; Dearborn County, Ind.

OHIO- - Continued
Cleveland

Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, and Medina
Counties
Columbus
Delaware, Franklin, and Pickaway
Counties
Dayton
Greene, Miami, Montgomery, and
Preble Counties
Toledo
Lucas and Wood Counties, Ohio; Monroe
County, Mich.
Youngstown-Warren. . . .Mahoning and Trumbull Counties

OKLAHOMA
Oklahoma City
Tulsa
OREGON
Eugene
Portland
Salem

Canadian, Cleveland, and Oklahoma
Counties
Creek, Osage, and Tulsa Counties
Lane County
Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington
Counties, Oreg. ; Clark County, Wash.
Marion and Polk Counties

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown- BethlehemEaston
Lehigh and Northampton Counties, Pa. ;
Warren County, N. J.
Altoona
Blair County
Erie
Erie County
Harrisburg
Cumberland, Dauphin, and Perry
Counties
Johnstown
Cambria and Somerset Counties
Lancaster
Lancaster County
Philadelphia
Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery,
and Philadelphia Counties, Pa. ;
Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester
Counties, N. J.
Pittsburgh
Allegheny, Beaver, Washington, and
Westmoreland Counties
Reading
Berks County
Scranton
Lackawanna County
Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton
Luzerne County
York
Adams and York Counties
RHODE ISLAND
Providence -PawtucketWarwick
Central Falls, Cranston, East
Providence, Pawtucket, Providence,
and Woonsocket cities, and Burrillville, Cumberland, Foster, Glocester,
Johnston, Lincoln, North Providence,
North Smithfield, Scituate, and Smithfield towns in Providence County;
Exeter, Narragansett, North Kingstown, and South Kingstown towns in
Washington County; Warwick city,
and Coventry, East Greenwich, West
Greenwich, and West Warwick towns
in Kent County; Jamestown and New
Shoreham towns in Newport County;
Bristol County, R.I. ; Attleboro city,
and North Attleboro, Rehoboth, and
Seekonk towns in Bristol County;
Bellingham, Franklin, Plainville,
and Wrentham towns in Norfolk
County; Blackstone and Millville
towns in Worcester County, Mass.
SOUTH CAROLINA
Charleston
Columbia
Greenville
SOUTH DAKOTA
Sioux Falls
TENNESSEE
Chattanooga
Knoxville
Memphis
Nashville




Berkeley and Charleston Counties
Lexington and Richland Counties
.Greenville and Pickens Counties
.Minnehaha County
Hamilton County, Tenn. ; Walker County,
Ga.
Anderson, Blount, and Knox Counties;
portion of Oak Ridge in Roane County
Shelby County, Tenn. ; and Crittenden
County, Ark.
Davidson, Sumner, and Wilson Counties

TEXAS
Amarillo
Potter and Randall Counties
Austin
Travis County
Beaumont-Port ArthurOrange
Jefferson and Orange Counties
Corpus Christi
Nueces and San Patricio Counties
Dallas.
'.
Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Kaufman,
and Rockwall Counties
El Paso
El Paso County
Fort Worth
Johnson and Tarrant Counties
Galves tonTexas City
Galveston County
Houston
Brazoria, Fort Bend, Harris, Liberty,
and Montgomery Counties
Lubbock
Lubbock County
San Antonio
Bexar and Guadalupe Counties
Waco
McLennan County
Wichita Falls
Archer and Wichita Counties

UTAH
Salt Lake City .

VERMONT
Burlington..
Springfield.

VIRGINIA
Lynchburg
Newport NewsHampton

.Bountiful, Centerville, Farmington,
North Salt Lake, South Bountiful, and
West Bountiful precincts in Davis
County; Salt Lake County
.Chittenden County; Grand Isle and South
Hero towns in Grand Isle County
.Athens, Grafton, Londonderry, Rockingham (includes Bellows Falls), Westminster, and Windham towns in
Windham County; Andover, Baltimore,
Cavendish, Chester, Ludlow, Reading,
Springfield, Weathersfield, Weston,
West Windsor, and Windsor towns in
Windsor County

Lynchburg city, and Amherst and
Campbell Counties

Newport News and Hampton cities, and
York County
Norfolk-Portsmouth. . . .Chesapeake, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and
Virginia Beach cities
Northern Virginia
Alexandria, Fairfax, and Falls Church
cities, and Arlington, Fairfax,
Loudoun, and Prince William Counties
Richmond. .„....<,,, . . . .Richmond city, and Chesterfield, Hanover,
and Henrico Counties
Roanoke. . . *
Roanoke city and Roanoke County
WASHINGTON
Seattle-Everett
Spokane
Tacoma

King and Snohomish Counties
.Spokane County
Pierce County

WEST VIRGINIA
Charleston
.Kanawha County
Huntington-Ashland . . . .Cabell and Wayne Counties, W. Va. ;
Boyd County, Ky. ; Lawrence County,
Ohio
Wheeling
Marshall and Ohio Counties, W. Va. ;
Belmont County, Ohio
WISCONSIN
Green Bay
Kenosha
La Crosse
Madison
Milwaukee

Racine
WYOMING
Casper
Cheyenne

Brown County
Kenosha County
.l^a. Crosse County
Dane County
.'Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Washington, and
Waukesha Counties (labor turnover
prior to 1968 does not include
Washington County)
Racine County
.Natrona County
Laramie County




Technical Note

Technical Note
Additional information concerning the preparation
of the labor force, employment, hours and earnings,
and labor turnover series—concepts and scope,
survey methods, and limitations—is contained in
technical notes for each of these series, available
from the Bureau of Labor Statistics free of charge.

INTRODUCTION

Relation between the household and payroll series

The statistics in this periodical are compiled from
three major sources: (1) household interviews, (2) payroll reports from employers, and (3) administrative
statistics of unemployment insurance systems.

The household and payroll data supplement one
another, each providing significant types of information
that the other cannot suitably supply. Population characteristics, for example, are readily obtained only from
the household survey whereas detailed industrial classifications can be reliably derived only from establishment reports.

Data based on household interviews are obtained from
a sample survey of the population 16 years of age and
over. The survey is conducted each month by the Bureau
of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics and provides comprehensive data on the labor force, the employed and the unemployed, including such characteristics
as age, sex, color, marital status, occupations, hours of
work, and duration of unemployment. The survey also
provides data on the characteristics and past work experience of those not in the labor force. The information
is collected by trained interviewers from a sample of
about 50,000 households, representing 449 areas in 863
counties and independent cities, with coverage in 50 States
and the District of Columbia. The data collected are based
on the activity or status reported for the calendar week
including the 12th of the month.
Data basedon establishment payroll records are compiled each month from mail questionnaires by the Bureau
of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with State agencies.
The payroll survey provides detailed industry information
on nonagricultural wage and salary employment, average weekly hours, average hourly and weekly earnings,
and labor turnover for the Nation, States, and metropolitan areas. The figures are based on payroll reports
from a sample of establishments employing about [30
million nonagriculture wage and salary workers. The
data relate to all workers, full- or part-time, who received pay during the payroll period which includes the
12th of the month.

Data from these two sources differ from each other
because of differences in definition and coverage, sources
of information, methods of collection, and estimating
procedures. Sampling variability and response errors
are additional reasons for discrepancies. The major
factors which have a differential effect on levels and
trends of the two series are as follows:
Employment

Coverage. The household survey definition of employment comprises wage and salary workers (including
domestics and other private household workers), selfemployed persons, and unpaid workers who worked 15
hours or more during the survey week in family-operated
enterprises. Employment in both agricultural and nonagricultural industries is included. The payroll survey
covers only wage and salary employees on the payrolls
of nonagricultural establishments.

Multiple jobholding. The household approach provides information on the work status of the population
without duplication since each person is classified as
employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force. Employed persons holding more than one job are counted
only once and are classified according to the job at
which they worked the greatest number of hours during
the survey week. In the figures based on establishment
Data based on administrative records of unemployment records, persons who worked in more than one estabinsurance systems furnish a complete count of insured
lishment during the reporting period are counted each
unemployment among the two-thirds of the Nation's
time their names appear on payrolls.
labor force covered by unemployment insurance programs. Weekly reports, by State, are issued on the
Unpaid absences from jobs. The household survey innumber of initial claims, the volume and rate of insured
cludes among the employed all persons who had jobs but
unemployment under State unemployment insurance prowere not at work during the survey week—that is, were
grams, and the volume under programs of unemployment
not working but had jobs from which they were temcompensation for Federal employees, ex-servicemen,
porarily absent because of illness, bad weather, vacaand railroad workers. These statistics are published by
tion, labor-management dispute, or because they were
the Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor,
taking time off for various other reasons, even if they
in "Unemployment Insurance Claims."
were not paid by their employers for the time off. In




138

are the inclusion of persons under 16 in the Statistical
Research Service (SRS) series and the treatment of dual
jobholders who are counted more than once if they worked
on more than one farm during the reporting period.
There are also wide differences in sampling techniques
and collecting and estimating methods, which cannot be
readily measured in terms of impact on differences in
level and trend of the two series.

the figures based on payroll reports, persons on leave
paid for by the company are included, but not
those on leave without pay for the entire payroll
period.
Hours of Work

The household survey measures hours actually worked
whereas the payroll survey measures hours paid for by
employers. In the household survey data, all persons
with a job but not at work are excluded from the hours
distributions and the computations of average hours.
In the payroll survey, employees on paid vacation, paid
holiday, or paid sick leave are included and assigned the
number of hours for which they were paid during the
reporting period.

Comparability of the payroll employment data
with other series

Comparability of the household interview data
with other series

Unemployment insurance data. The unemployed total
from the household survey includes all persons who did
not have a job at all during the survey week and were looking for work or were waiting to be called back to a job
from which they had been laid off, regardless of whether
or not they were eligible for unemployment insurance.
Figures on unemployment insurance claims, prepared by
the M a n p o we r A d m i n i s t r a t i o n of the Department of
Labor, exclude persons who have'exhausted their benefit
rights, new workers who have not earned rights to unemployment insurance, and persons losing jobs not
covered by unemployment insurance systems (agriculture, State and local government, domestic service,
self employment, unpaid family work, nonprofit organizations, and firms below a minimum size).
In addition, the qualifications for drawing unemployment compensation differ from the definition of unemployment used in the household survey. For example,
persons with a job but not at work and persons working
only a few hours during the week are sometimes eligible
for unemployment compensation but are classified as
employed rather than unemployed in the household
survey.
Agricultural employment estimates of the Department
of Agriculture. The principal differences in coverage

Statistics on manufactures and business, Bureau of the
Census. BLS establishment statistics on employment
differ from employment counts derived by the Bureau
of the Census from its censuses or annual sample surveys of manufacturing establishments and the censuses
of business establishments. The major reasons for some
noncomparability are different treatment of business
units considered parts of an establishment, such as
central administrative offices and auxiliary units, the
industrial classification of establishments, and different
reporting patterns by multiunit companies. There are
also differences in the scope of the industries covered,
e.g., the Census of Business excludes contract construction, professional services, public utilities, and financial
establishments, whereas these are included in BLS
statistics.
County Business Patterns. Data in County Business
Patterns, published jointly by the U.S. Departments of
Commerce and Health, Education, and Welfare, differ
from BLS establishment statistics in the treatment of
central administrative offices and auxiliary units. Differences may also arise because of industrial classification and reporting practices. In addition, CBP Excludes
interstate railroads and government, and coverage is
incomplete for some of the nonprofit activities.
Employment covered by State unemployment insurance
programs. Not all nonagricultural wage and salary workers are covered by the unemployment insurance programs. All workers in certain activities, such as
interstate railroads, are excluded. In addition, small
firms in covered industries are also excluded in 31
States. In general, these are establishments with less
than four employees.

Labor Force Data
COLLECTION AND COVERAGE

port 313). This report is a v a i l a b l e from BLS on request.

Statistics on the employment status of the population,
the personal, occupational, and other characteristics of
the employed, the unemployed, and persons not in the
labor force, and related data are compiled for the BLS by
the Bureau of the Census in its Current Population
Survey (CPS). A detailed description of this survey
appears in "Concepts and Methods Used in Manpower
Statistics from the Current Population Survey" (BLS Re-




139

These monthly surveys of the population are conducted with a scientifically selected sample designed to
represent the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years
and over. Respondents are interviewed to obtain information about the employment status of each member of
the household 16 years of age and over. The inquir,
relates to activity or status during the calendar week,

Duration of unemployment represents the length of
time (through the current survey week) during which persons classified as unemployed had been continuously looking for work. For persons on layoff, duration of unemployment represents the number of full weeks since the
termination of their most recent employment. A period of
2 weeks or more during which a person was employed or
ceased looking for work is considered to break the continuity of the present period of seeking work. Average
duration is an arithmetic mean computed from a distribution by single weeks of unemployment.

Sunday through Saturday, which includes the 12th of the
month. This is known as the survey week. Actual field
interviewing is conducted in the following week.
Inmates of institutions and persons under 16 years
of age are not covered in the regular monthly enumerations and are excluded from the population and labor
force statistics shown in this report. Data on members
of the Armed Forces, who are included as part of the
categories "total noninstitutional population" and "total
labor force," are obtained from the Department of Defense.

Unemployed persons by reasons for unemployment
are divided into four major groups. (1) Job losers are
persons whose employment ended involuntarily who immediately began looking for work and persons on layoff.
(2) Job leavers are persons who quit or otherwise terminated their employment voluntarily and immediately
began looking for work. (3) Reentrants are persons who
previously worked at a full-time job lasting 2 weeks or
longer but who were out of the labor force prior to beginning to look for work. (4) New entrants are persons
who never worked at a full-time job lasting 2 weeks or

Each month, 50,000 occupied units are designated for
interview. About 2,250 of these households are visited
but interviews are not obtained because the occupants
are not found at home after repeated calls or are unavailable for other reasons. This represents a noninterview rate for the survey of about 4.5 percent. In addition to the 50,000 occupied units,there are 8,500 sample
units in an average month which are visited but found to be
vacant or otherwise not to be enumerated. Part of the
sample is changed each month. The rotation plan provides
for three-fourths of the sample to be common from one
month to*the next, and one-half to be common with the
same month a year ago.

linger.
The civilian labor force comprises the total of all
civilians classified as employed or unemployed in accordance with the criteria described above. The "total
labor force" also includes members of the Armed Forces
stationed either in the United States or abroad.

CONCEPTS

Employed 'persons comprise (a) all those who during
the survey week did any work at all as paid employees, in
their own business, profession, or farm, or who worked
15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an enterprise
operated by a member of the family, and (b) all those
who were not working but who had jobs or businesses
from which they were temporarily absent because of
illness, bad weather, vacation, labor- management
dispute, or personal reasons, whether or not they were
paid by their employers for the time off, and whether or
not they were seeking other jobs.

The unemployment rate represents the number unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force. This
measure can also be computed for groups within the labor
force classified by sex, age, marital status, color, etc.
The job-loser, job-leaver, reentrant, and new entrant
rates are each calculated as a percent of the civilian
labor force; the sum of the rates for the four groups
thus equals the total unemployment rate.
Not in labor force includes all civilians 16 years
and over who are not classified as employed or unemployed. These persons are further classified as
"engaged in own home housework," "in school," "unable
to work" because of long-term physical or mental illness,
and "other." The "other" group includes for the most
part retired persons, those reported as too old to work,
the voluntarily idle, and seasonal workers for whom the
survey week fell in an "off" season and who were not
reported as unemployed. Persons doing only incidental
unpaid family work (less than 15 hours) are also classified as not in the labor force.

Each employed person is counted only once. Those who
held more than one job are counted in the job at which they
worked the greatest number of hours during the survey
week.
Included in the total are employed citizens of foreign countries, temporarily in the United States, who are
not living on the premises of an Embassy.
Excluded are persons whose only activity consisted
of work around the house (such as own home housework,
and painting or repairing own home) or volunteer work
for religious, charitable, and similar organizations.

For persons not in the labor force, data on previous
work experience, intentions to seek work again, desire for
a job at the time of interview, and reasons for not looking
for work are compiled on a quarterly basis. The detailed
questions for persons not in the labor force are asked
only in those households that are new entrants to the
sample and in those that are reentering the sample after
8 months' absence.

Unemployed persons comprise all persons who did
not work during the survey week, who made specific efforts to find a job within the past 4 weeks, and who were
available for work during the survey week (except for
temporary illness). Also included as unemployed are
those who did not work at all, were available for work,
and (a) were waiting to be called back to a job from which
they had been laid off; or (b) were waiting to report to a
new wage or salary job within 30 days.




Occupation, industry, and class of worker for the
employed apply to the job held in the survey week. Per140

sons with two or more jobs are classified in the job at
which they worked the greatest number of hours during
the survey week. The unemployed are classified according to their latest full-time civilian job lasting 2 weeks
or more. The occupation and industry groups used in
data derived from the CPS household interviews are
defined as in the 1960 Census of Population. Information
on the detailed categories included in these groups is
available upon request.
The class-of-worker breakdown specifies "wage and
salary workers," subdivided into private and government
workers, "self-employed workers," and "unpaid family
workers." Wage and salary workers receive wages,
salary, commission, tips, or pay in kind from a private
employer or from a governmental unit. Self-employed
persons are those who work for profit or fees in their
own business, profession, or trade, or operate a farm.
Unpaid family workers are persons working without pay
for 15 hours a week or more on a farm or in a business
operated by a member of the household to whom they are
related by blood or marriage.

Labor force time lost is a measure of man-hours
lost to the economy through unemployment and involuntary part-time employment and is expressed
as a percent of potentially available man-hours.
It is computed by assuming: (1) that unemployed
persons looking for full-time work lost an average of 37.5 hours, (2) that those looking for parttime work lost the average number of hours actually
worked by voluntary part-time workers during the
survey week, and (3) that persons on part time for
economic reasons lost the difference between 37.5
hours and the a c t u a l n u m b e r of hours they
worked.
ESTIMATING METHODS

Hours of work statistics relate to the actual number
of hours worked during the survey week. For example,
a person who normally works 40 hours a week but who
was off on the Veterans Day holiday would be reported
as working 32 hours even though he was paid for the
holiday.
For persons working in more than one job, the figures
relate to the number of hours worked in all jobs during
the week. However, all the hours are credited to the
major job.
Persons who worked 35 hours or more in the survey
week are designated as working "full time"; persons who
worked between 1 and 34 hours are designated as working
"part time." Part-time workers are classified by their
usual status at their present job (either full time or part
time) and by their reason for working part time during
the survey week (economic or other reasons). "Economic
reasons" include: Slack work, material shortages, repairs to plant or equipment, start or termination of job
during the week, and inability to find full-time work.
"Other reasons" include: Labor dispute, bad weather,
own illness, vacation, demands of home housework,
school, no desire for full-time work, and full-time
worker only during peak.season. Persons on full-time
schedules include, in addition to those working 35 hours
or more, those who worked from 1-34 hours for noneconomic reasons but usually work full time.
Full- and part-time labor force. The full-time labor
force consists of persons working on full-time schedules,
persons involuntarily working part time (because fulltime work is not available), and unemployed persons
seeking full-time jobs. The part-time labor force consists
Of persons working part time voluntarily and unemployed
persons seeking part-time work. Persons with a job but
not at work during the survey week are classified ac-




cording to whether they usually work full or part
time.

141

Under the estimation methods used in the CPS, all of
the results for a given month become available simultaneously and are based on returns from the entire
panel of respondents. There are no subsequent adjustments to independent benchmark data on labor force,
employment, or unemployment. Therefore, revisions of
the historical data are not an inherent feature of this
statistical program.
1. Noninterview adjustment. The weights for all interviewed households are adjusted to the extent needed
to account for occupied sample households for which no
information was obtained because of absence, impassable
roads, refusals, or unavailability for other reasons. This
adjustment is made separately by groups of sample areas
and, within these, for six groups—color (white and nonwhite) within the three residence categories (urban,
rural nonfarm, and rural farm). The proportion of sample
households not interviewed varies from 4 to 6 percent
depending on weather, vacations, etc.
2. Ratio estimates. The distribution of the population selected for the sample may differ somewhat, by
chance, from that of the Nation as a whole, in such
characteristics as age, color, sex, and residence. Since
these population characteristics are closely correlated
with labor force participation and other principal measurements made from the sample, the latter estimates
can be substantially improved when weighted appropriately by the known distribution of these population
characteristics. This is accomplished through two stages
of ratio estimates as follows:
a. First-stage ratio estimate. This is a procedure in which the sample proportions are weighted by
the known 1960 Census data on the color-residence
distribution of the population. This step takes into account the differences existing at the time of the 1960
Census between the color-residence distribution for the
Nation and for the sample areas.
b. Second-stage ratio estimate. In this step, the
sample proportions are weighted by independent current
estimates of the population by age, sex, and color.
These estimates are prepared by carrying forward the
most recent census data (1960) to take account of subsequent aging of the population, mortality, and migra-

tion between the United S t a t e s and other countries.

Table A. Average standard error of major
employment status categories

3. Composite estimate procedure. In deriving statistics for a given month, a composite estimating procedure is used which takes account of net changes from
the previous month for continuing parts of the sample
(75 percent) as well as the sample results for the current month. This procedure reduces the sampling variability of mo nth-to-mo nth changes especially and of the
levels for most items also.

(In thousands)
Average standard error of—

Rounding of Estimates

The sums of individual items may not always equal the
totals shown in the same tables because of independent
rounding of totals and components to the nearest thousand. Differences, however, are insignificant.

The standard error is a measure of sampling variability, that is, the variations that might occur by chance
because only a sample of the population is surveyed.
The chances are about 2 out of 3 that an estimate from
the sample would differ from a complete census by less
than the standard error. The chances are about 19 out of
20 that the difference would be less than twice the
standard error.

190
120
200
75

145
100
150
80

100
95
120
60

75
80
95
60

150
50
150
50

115
40
115
55

Labor force and total
Nonagricultural employment
MALE
Labor force and total
Nonagricultural employment
FEMALE
Labor force and total
employment. .
Agriculture
Nonagricultural employment
Unemployment. ,

Table A shows the average standard error for the
major employment status categories, by sex, computed
from data for past months. Estimates of change derived
from the survey are also subject to sampling variability.
The standard error of change for consecutive months is
also shown in table A. The standard errors of level shown
in table A are acceptable approximations of the standard
errors of year-to-year change.

Table B. Standard error of level of
monthly estimates
(In thousands)
Both sexes
Size of
estimate

The figures presented in table B are to be used for
other characteristics and are approximations of the
standard errors of all such characteristics. They should
be interpreted as providing an indication of the order of
magnitude of the standard errors rather than as the
precise standard error for any specific item.

Total
Nonor
white
white

Female

Male
Total
or
white

Nonwhite

Total
or
white

Nonwhite

10
50
100
250
500
1,000

14 2

4
9
12
20
30
40

4
9
12
17
25
35

6
11
16
25
34
50

4
9
12
17
25
35

6
11
16
25
34
50

4
9
12
17
25
35

2,500
5,000
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000

The standard error of the change in an item from
one month to the next month is more closely related to
the standard error of the monthly level for that item than
to the size of the specific mo nth-to-month change itself.
Thus, in order to use the approximations to the standard
errors of month-to-month changes as presented in table
C, it is first necessary to obtain the standard error of
the monthly level of the item in table B, and then find the
standard error of the month-to-month change in table C
corresponding to this standard error of level. It should




Monthto-month
change
(consecutive
months only)

BOTH SEXES

Reliability of the Estimates

Since the estimates are based on a sample, they may
differ from the figures that would have been obtained if
it were possible to take a complete census using the
same schedules and procedures.

Monthly
level

Employment status
and sex

60
85
115
150
170
180

40
45
•••
•••

75
90
115
125

40
•••
•••
•••

75
90
115
125

40

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

•••
•••

The reliability of an estimated percentage, computed
by using sample data for both numerator and denominator, depends upon both the size of the percentage and
the size of the total upon which the percentage is based.
Where the numerator is a subclass of the denominator,
estimated percentages are relatively more reliable than
the corresponding absolute estimates of the numerator
of the percentage, particularly if the percentage is large
(50 percent or greater). Table D shows the standard
errors for percentages derived from the survey. Linear
interpolation may be used for percentages and base figures not shown in table D.

be noted that table C applies to estimates of change between 2 consecutive months. For changes between the
current month and the same month last year, the standard errors of level shown in table B are acceptable
approximations.
Illustration: Assume that the tables showed the total
number of persons working a specific number of hours
as 15,000,000, an increase of 500,000 over the previous
month. Linear interpolation in the first column of table B
shows that the standard error of 15,000,000 is about
133,000. Consequently, the chances are about 68 out of
100 that the sample estimate differs by less than 133,000
from the figure which would have been obtained from a
complete count of the number of persons working the
given number of hours. Using the 133,000 as the standard
error of the monthly level in table C, it may be seen
that the standard error of the 500,000 increase is about
126,000.

Table D. Standard error of percentage

ages
(thousands)

Table C. Standard error of estimates of
month-to-month change
(In thousands)
Standard error of
monthly level
10
25
50
100.
150
200....
250
300..

Estimated percentage

Base of

150 . . .
250 . . .
500 . . .
1,000 . .
2,000 . .
3,000 . .
5,000 . .
10,000 .
25,000 .
50,000 .
75,000 .

Standard error of monthto-month change
12
28
55
100
140
155
160
190

2

1

or or
99 98
.8
.7
.5
.3
.3
.2
.2
.1
.1
.1
.1

1.2
.8
.7
.4
.3
.3
.2
.2
.1
.1
.1

5
or

10

15

20

25

35

or

or

or

or

or

95

90

85

80

75

65

1.8
1.4
1.0
.7
.5
.4
.3
.3
.2
.1
.1

2.5
1.9
1.4
1.0
.7
.7
.4
.3
.2
.2
.1

2.9
2.3
1.6
1.2
.7
.7
.5
.3
.3
.2
.2

3.3
2.5
1.8
1.4
.8
.7
.7
.4
.3
.2
.2

3.4
2.8
1.9
1.4
1.0
.8
.7
.4
.3
.2
.2

3.9
3.0
2.1
1.6
1.1
.8
.7
.5
.3
.3
.2

50

4.0
3.2
2.3
1.6
1.2
1.0
.7
.5
.3
.3
.2

Establishment Data
COLLECTION

State and area series and then send the establishment
data to the BLS for use in preparing the national series.

Payroll reports provide current information on wage
and salary employment, hours, earnings, and labor turnover in nonagricultural establishments, by industry and
geographic location.

Shuttle Schedules

Two types of data collection schedules are used:
Form BLS 790—Monthly Report on Employment, Payroll,
and Hours; and Form DL 1219-Monthly Report on Job
Openings and Labor Turnover. These schedules are of
the " s h u t t l e " type, with space for each month of the
calendar year. The c o l l e c t i n g agency returns the
schedule to the respondent each month so that the next
month's data can be entered. This procedure assures
maximum comparability and accuracy of reporting, since
the respondent can see the figures he has reported for
previous months.

Federal-State Cooperation

Under cooperative arrangements with State agencies,
the respondent fills out a single employment or labor
turnover reporting form, which is then used for national,
State, and area estimates. This eliminates duplicate reporting on the part of respondents and, together with the
use of identical techniques at the national and State
levels, insures maximum comparability of estimates.
State agencies mail the forms to the establishments
and examine the returns for consistency, accuracy, and
completeness. The States use the information to prepare




Form BLS 790 provides for entry of data on the numT
ber of full- and part-time workers on the payrolls of non143

Government, hours and earnings relate to all employees,
both supervisory and nonsupervisory. Terms are defined
below. When the pay period reported is longer than 1
week, figures are reduced to a weekly basis.

agricultural establishments and, for most industries,
payroll and man-hours of production and related workers
or nonsupervisory workers for the pay period which
includes the 12th of the month. Form DL 1219 provides
for the collection of information on the total number of
accessions and separations, by type, during the calendar
month, and was revised in January 1969 to provide for
the collection of job openings data as well.

Production and related workers include working
foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing,
assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling,
packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair,
janitorial and watchman services, product development,
auxiliary production for plant's own use (e.g., power
plant), and recordkeeping and other services closely
associated with the above production operations.

CONCEPTS
Industrial Classification

Establishments reporting on Form BLS 790 and
Form DL 1219 are classified into industries on the
basis of their principal product or activity determined
from information on annual sales volume. This information is collected each year on a supplement to the
monthly 790 or 1219 report. For an establishment making
more than one product or engaging in more than one
activity, the entire employment of the establishment is
included under the industry indicated by the most important product or activity.

Construction workers include the following employees
in the contract construction division: working foremen,
journeymen, mechanics, apprentices, laborers, etc.,
whether working at the site of construction or in shops
or yards, at jobs (such as precutting and preassembling)
ordinarily performed by members of the construction
trades.

All national, State, and area employment, hours,
earnings, and labor turnover series are classified in
accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification
Manual, Bureau of the Budget, 1967.

Nonsupervisory employees include employees (not
above the working supervisory level) such as office and
clerical workers, repairmen, salespersons, operators,
drivers, physicians, lawyers, accountants, nurses, social
workers, research aids, teachers, draftsmen, photographers, beauticians, musicians, restaurant workers,
custodial workers, attendants, linemen, laborers, janitors, watchmen, and similar occupational levels, and
other employees whose services are closely associated
with those of the employees listed.

Industry Employment

Employment data, except those for the Federal Government, refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
received pay for any part of the pay period which includes
the 12th of the month. For Federal Government establishments, employment figures represent the number of
persons who occupied positions on the last day of the
calendar month. Intermittent workers are counted if they
performed any service during the month.

Payroll covers the payroll for full- and part-time
production, construction, or nonsupervisory workers who
received pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. The payroll is reported
before deductions of any kind, e.g., for old-age and
unemployment insurance, group insurance, withholding
tax, bonds, or union dues; also included is pay for overtime, holidays, vacations, and sick leave paid directly
by the firm. Bonuses (unless earned and paid regularly
each pay period), other pay not earned in pay period
reported (e.g., retroactive pay), tips, and the value of
free rent, fuel, meals, or other payment in kind are
excluded. "Fringe benefits" (such as health and other
types of insurance, contributions to retirement, etc. paid
by the employer) are also excluded.

The data exclude proprietors, the self-employed,
unpaid volunteer, or family workers, farm workers, and
domestic workers in households. Salaried officers of
corporations are included. Government employment covers only civilian employees; military personnel are
excluded.
Persons on establishment payrolls who are on paid
sick leave (when pay is received directly from the firm),
on paid holiday or paid vacation, or who work during a
part of the pay period and are unemployed or on strike
during the rest of the period, are counted as employed.
Not counted as employed are persons who are laid off,
on leave without pay, or on strike for the entire period,
or who are hired but have not reported to work during
the period.

Man-hours cover man-hours paid for, during the pay
period which includes the 12th of the month, for production, construction, or nonsupervisory workers. The manhours include hours paid for holidays and vacations, and
for sick leave when pay is received directly from the
firm.

Industry Hours ond Earnings

Overtime hours cover hours worked by production or
related workers for which overtime premiums were paid
because the hours were in excess of the number of hours
of either the straight-time workday or the workweek during the pay period which includes the 12th of the month.
Weekend and holiday hours are included only if overtime

Hours and earnings data are derived from reports of
payrolls and man-hours for production and related workers in manufacturing and mining, construction workers in
contract construction, and nonsupervisory employees in
the remaining nonagricultural components. For Federal




144

premiums were paid. Hours for which only shift differential, hazard, incentive, or other similar types of premiums
were paid are excluded.

in gross hours for a component industry where little or no
overtime was worked in both the previous and current
months. In addition, such factors as stoppages, absenteeism, and labor turnover may not have the same influence on overtime hours as on gross hours.

Gross Average Hourly and Weekly Earnings

Average hourly earnings are on a "gross" basis,
reflecting not only changes in basic hourly and incentive
wage rates but also such variable factors as premium
pay for overtime and late-shift work and changes in
output of workers paid on an incentive plan. Shifts in the
volume of employment between relatively high-paid and
low-paid work and changes in workers' earnings in individual establishments also affect the general earnings
averages. Averages for groups and divisions further reflect changes in average hourly earnings for individual
industries.
Averages of hourly earnings differ from wage rates.
Earnings are the actual return to the worker for a stated
period of time; rates are the amounts stipulated for a
given unit of work or time. The e a r n i n g s series
does not measure the level of total labor costs on
the part of the employer since the following are excluded:
Irregular bonuses, retroactive items, payments of various
welfare benefits, payroll taxes paid by employers, and
earnings for those employees not covered under the production-worker, construction worker, or nonsupervisoryemployee definitions.

Hours and Earnings For Total Private Nonagricultural
Industries

This series covers all nonagricultural industry divisions except government. The principal source of payroll
data is Form BLS 790. Secondary source material such
as Employment and Wages (Manpower Administration),
County Business Patterns (Bureau of the Census), and
additional supporting information such as The Hospital
Guide, Part II, of the American Hospital Association and
special studies by the National Council of Churches
supplement data for certain industry groups within the
service division.
For a technical description of this series, see the
article, "Hours and Earnings for Workers in Private
Nonagricultural Industries," published in the May 196-7
issue of Employment and Earnings and Monthly Report
on the Labor Force.
Railroad Hours and Earnings

Gross average weekly earnings are derived by multiplying average weekly hours by average hourly earnings.
Therefore, weekly earnings are affected not only by"
changes in gross average hourly earnings but also by
changes in the length of the workweek, part-time work,
stoppages for varying causes, labor turnover, and
absenteeism.
Average Weekly Hours

The workweek information relates to the average
hours for which pay was received and is different from
standard or scheduled hours. Such factors as absenteeism, labor turnover, part—time work, and stoppages cause
average weekly hours to be lower than scheduled hours
of work for an establishment. Group averages further
reflect changes in the workweek of component industries.

Spendable Average Weekly Earnings

Average Overtime Hours

The overtime hours represent that portion of the
gross average weekly hours which were in excess of
regular hours and for which overtime premiums were
paid. If an employee worked on a paid holiday at regular
rates, receiving as total compensation his holiday pay
plus straight-time pay for hours worked that day, no
overtime hours would be reported.
Since overtime hours are premium hours by definition, gross weekly hours and overtime hours do not
necessarily move in the same direction from month-tomonth; for example, overtime premiums may be paid for
hours in excess of the straight-time workday although less
than a full week is worked. Diverse trends at the industry-group level also may be caused by a marked change




The figures for class I railroads (excluding switching and terminal companies) are based on monthly data
summarized in the M-300 report of the Interstate Commerce Commission and relate to all employees except
executives, officials, and staff assistants (ICC group I)
who received pay during the month. Gross average hourly
earnings are computed by dividing total compensation
by total hours paid for. Average weekly hours are obtained by dividing the total numberof hours paid for, reduced to a weekly basis, by the number of employees, as
defined above. Gross average weekly earnings are derived by multiplying average weekly h>urs by average
hourly earnings.

145

Spendable average weekly earnings in current dollars
are obtained by deducting estimated Federal social
security and income taxes from gross weekly earnings.
The amount of income tax liability depends on the number
of dependents supported by the worker and his marital
status, as well as on the level of his gross income. To
reflect these variables, spendable earnings are computed
for a worker with no dependents and a married worker
with three dependents. The computations are based on
gross average weekly earnings for all production or nonsupervisory workers in the industry division excluding
other income and income earned by other family members.
"Real" earnings are computed by dividing the current
Consumer Price Index into the earnings averages for
the current month. The level of earnings is thus adjusted for changes in purchasing power since the base
period (1957-59).

Quits are terminations of employment initiated by
employees, failure to report after being hired, and unauthorized absences, if on the last day of the month the
person has been absent more than 7 consecutive calendar

Average Hourly Earnings Excluding Overtime

Average hourly earnings excluding overtime premium
pay are computed by dividing the total productionworker payroll for the industry group by the sum of total
production-worker man-hours and one-half of total overtime man-hours. Prior to January 1956, these data were
based on the application of adjustment factors to gross
average hourly earnings (as described in the Monthly
Labor Review, May 1950, pp. 537-540). Both methods
eliminate only the earnings due to overtime paid for at
l j times the straight-time rates. No adjustment is made
for other premium payment provisions, such as holiday
work, late-shift work, and overtime rates other than time
and one-half.

Layoffs are suspensions without pay lasting or expected to last more than 7 consecutive calendar days,
initiated by the employer without prejudice to the worker.
Othe r separations, which are not published separately
but are included in total separations, are terminations
of employment because of discharge, permanent disability, death, retirement, transfers to another establishment of the company, and entrance into the Armed Forces
for a period expected to las.t more than 30 consecutive
calendar days.

Indexes of Aggregate Weekly Payrolls and Man-Hours

The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls and manhours are prepared by dividing the current month's
aggregate by the monthly average for the 1957-59 period.
The man-hour aggregates are the product of average
weekly hours and production-worker employment, and the
payroll aggregates are the product of gross average
weekly earnings and production-worker employment.
Labor Turnover

Labor turnover is the gross movement of wage and
salary workers into and out of employed status with
respect to individual establishments. This movement,
which relates to a calendar month, is divided into two
broad types: Accessions (new hires and rehires) and
separations (terminations of employment initiated by
either employer or employee). Each type of action is
cumulated for a calendar month and expressed as a rate
per 100 employees. The data relate to all employees,
whether full- or part-time, permanent or temporary,
including executive, office, sales, other salaried personnel, and production workers. Transfers to another
establishment of the company are included, beginning
with January 1959.
Accessions are the total number of permanent and
temporary additions to the employment roll, including
both new and rehired employees.
New hires are temporary or permanent additions to
the employment roll of persons who have never before
been employed in the establishment (except employees
transferring from another establishment of the same
company) or of former employees not recalled by the
employer.
Other accessions, which are not published separately
but are included in total accessions, are all additions to
the employment roll which are not classified as new
hires, including transfers from another establishment
of the company.
Separations are terminations of employment during
the calendar month and are classified according to cause:
Quits, layoffs, and other separations, are defined as
follows:




146

Relationship to Employment Series

Month-to-month changes in total employment in manufacturing industries reflected by labor turnover rates
are not comparable with the changes shown in the Bureau's
employment series for the following reasons: (1) Accessions and separations are computed for the entire calendar month; the employment reports refer to the pay
period which includes the 12th of the month; and (2) employees on strike are not counted as turnover actions
although such employees are excluded from the employment estimates if the work stoppage extends through the
report period.
ESTIMATING METHODS

The principal features of the procedure used to estimate employment for the industry statistics are (1) the
use of the "link relative" technique, which is a form of
ratio estimation, (2) periodic adjustment of employment levels to new benchmarks, and (3) the use of size
and regional stratification.
The "Link Relative" Technique

From a sample composed of establishments reporting
for both the previous and current months, the ratio of
current month employment to that of the previous month
is computed. This is called a link relative. The estimates
of employment (all employees, including production and
nonproduction workers together) for the current month
are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these "link relatives. In addition, small
bias correction factors are applied to selected employment estimates each month. The size of the bias correction factors is determined from past experience.
Other features of the general procedures are described
later in the table, Summary of Methods for Computing
Industry Statistics on Employment, Hours, Earnings, and
Labor Turnover. Further details are given in the technical notes onMeasurement of Employment, Hours, and
Earnings in Non-agricultural Industries and on Measurement of Labor Turnover, which are available upon request.
Size and Regional Stratification

A number of industries are stratified by size of e s tablishment and/or by region, and the stratified produc-

Data for all months since the last benchmark to which
the series has been adjusted are subject to revision. To
provide users of the data with a convenient reference
source for the revised data, the BLS publishes as soon
as possible after each benchmark revision a summary
volume of employment, hours, earnings, and labor turnover statistics.

tion- or nonsupervisory-worker data are used to weight
the hours and earnings into broader industry groupings.
Accordingly, the basic estimating cell for an employment,
hours, or earnings series, as the term is used in the
summary of computational methods, may be a whole
industry or a size stratum, a region stratum, or a size
stratum of a region within an industry.
Benchmark Adjustments

THE SAMPLE

Employment estimates are compared periodically
with comprehensive counts of employment which provide
"benchmarks" for the various nonagriculturalindustries,
and appropriate adjustments are made as indicated. The
industry estimates are currently projected from March
1968 levels. Normally, benchmark adjustments are made
annually.

Design
The sampling plan used in the current employment
statistics program is known as "sampling proportionate
to average size of establishment." This design is an
optimum allocation design among strata since the sampling variance is proportional to the average size of
establishments. The universe of establishments is stratified first by industry and then within each industry by
size of establishment in terms of employment. For each
industry, the number of sample units is distributed
among the size class cells on the basis of average employment per establishment in each cell. In practice, this
is equivalent to distributing the predetermined total number of establishments required in the sample among the
cells on the basis of the ratio of employment in each cell
to total employment in the industry. Within each noncertainty stratum the sample members are selected at
random.

The primary sources of benchmark information are
employment data, by industry, compiled quarterly by
State agencies from reports of establishments covered
under State unemployment insurance laws. These tabulations, covering three-fourths of the total nonagricultural
employment in the United States, are prepared under the
direction of the Manpower Administration. Benchmark
data for the residual are obtained from the records of the
Social Security Administration, the Interstate Commerce
Commission, and a number of other agencies in private
industry or government.
The estimates relating to the benchmark month are
compared with new benchmark levels, industry by industry. If revisions are necessary, the monthly series
of estimates are adjusted £ejween the new benchmark
and the preceding one, and the new benchmark for each
industry is then carried forward progressively to the
current month by use of the sample trends. Thus, under
this procedure, the benchmark jls used to establish the
level of employment; the sample is used to measure the
month-to-month changes in the level. A comparison of
the actual amounts of revisions made in the last 3
benchmark years follows:
Nonagricultural payroll employment estimates,
by industry division, as a percentage of the
benchmark for 1966-1968
Industry division
Total
Mining
.
Contract construction
Manufacturing
Transportation and public
utilities
Wholesale and retail trade.
Finance, insurance, and
real estate
Services
f . . .
Government




1966

1967

99.9
100.5
99.7
99.4

100.0
99.5
101.6
99.5

100.4
101.7
99.5
99.8

99.7
100.1

99.8
100.7

100.7
100.3

99.5
100.3
100.0

100.2
99.8
100.0

99.2
99.2
102.8

1968

147

Under this type of design, large establishments fall
into the sample with certainty. The size of the samples
for the various industries is determined empirically
on the basis of experience and of cost considerations.
In a manufacturing industry in which a high proportion of
total employment is concentrated in relatively few
establishments, a large percentage of total employment
is included in the sample. Consequently, the sample
design for such industries provides for a complete
census of the larger establishments with only a few
chosen from among the smaller establishments or none
at all if the concentration of employment is great
enough. On the other hand, in an industry in which a
large proportion of total employment is in small establishments, the sample design calls for inclusion of all
large establishments and also for a substantial number
of the smaller ones. Many industries in the trade and
service divisions fall into this category. To keep the
sample to a size which can be handled by available
resources, it is necessary to accept samples in these
divisions with a smaller proportion of universe employment than is the case for most manufacturing industries.
Since individual establishments in these nonmanufacturing divisions generally show less fluctuation from
regular cyclical or seasonal patterns than establishments
in manufacturing industries, these smaller samples
(in terms of employment) generally produce reliable
estimates.
In the context of the BLS employment and labor
turnover statistics programs, with their emphasis on pro-

The table below shows the approximate coverage, in
terms of employment, of the labor turnover sample.

ducing timely data at minimum cost, a sample must be
obtained which will provide coverage of a sufficiently
large segment of the universe to provide reasonably
reliable estimates that can be published promptly and
regularly. The present sample meets these specifications for most industries. With its use, the BLS is able
to produce preliminary estimates each month for many
industries and for many geographic levels within a few
weeks after reports are mailed by respondents, and at a
somewhat later date, statistics in considerably greater
industrial detail.

Approximate size and coverage of BLS labor turnover
sample, March 1968
Employees
Industry

Coverage

The BLS sample of establishment employment and
payrolls is the largest monthly sampling operation in the
field of social statistics. The table that follows shows
the approximate proportion of total employment in each
industry division covered by the group of establishments
furnishing monthly employment data. The coverage for
individual industries within the division may vary from
the proportions shown.

Approximate size and coverage of BLS employment
and payrolls sample, March 1968l
Employees
Industry division

Mining
Contract construction . . . .
Manufacturing
Transportation and public
utilities:
Railroad transportation
(ICC)
Other transportation and
public utilities
Wholesale and retail trade.
Finance, insurance and
real estate.
Services
Government:
Federal (Civil Service
Commission) 2
State and local

Number of
establishments in
sample

PerNumber cent
reported of
total

2,200
16,200
46,100

274,000
772,000
12,422,000

47
26
64

100

636,000

96

7,100
39,700

2,042,000
2,815,000

57
21

9,400
22,400

1,239,000
2,227,000

37
21

3,200
9,400

11,060,000
49,100
59,800
632,400
22,400 "

Percent
of total
57
74
44
78
69

Reliability of the Employment Estimates

The estimates derived from the establishment survey
may differ from the figures that would have been obtained
if it were possible to take a complete census using the
same schedules and procedures. The relatively large size
of the BLS establishment sample assures a high degree
of accuracy. However, since the link relative technique
requires the use of the previous month's estimate as the
base in computing the current month's estimate, small
sampling and response errors may cumulate over several
months. To remove this accumulated error, the estimates
are adjusted annually to new benchmarks. In addition to
the sampling and response errors, the benchmark revision
adjusts the estimates for changes in the industrial classification of individual establishments (resulting from
changes in their product which are not reflected in the
levels of estimates until the data are adjusted to new
benchmarks). In fact, at the more detailed industry
levels, particularly
within manufacturing,
changes
in classification are the major cause of benchmark adjustments. Another cause of differences, generally minor,
arises from improvements in the quality of the benchmark
data. (A detailed description of the March 1968 benchmark is, available from the Bureau upon request.)
One measure of the reliability of ratio estimates is
the root mean square error (RMSE). This measure is the
standard deviation adjusted for the bias in ratio estimates
(RMSE =>/(Standard Deviation) 2 + (Bias) 2 ). If the bias
is small, the chances are about 2 out of 3 that an estimate
from the sample would differ from its benchmark by less
than the root mean square error. The chances are about
19 out of 20 that the difference would be less than twice
the root mean square error.

2,699,000 100
4,907,000 54

Since a few establishments do not report payroll and
man-hour information, hours and earnings estimates may
be based on a slightly smaller sample than employment
estimates.
2
State and area estimates of Federal employment are
based on reports from a sample of Federal establishments,
collected through the BLS-State cooperative program.




Communication:
Telephone

Number
reported

Approximations of the root mean square errors (based
on the experience of the last several years) of differences
between final estimates and benchmarks are presented in
the following table.

148

Root-mean-square errors of differences
between benchmarks and estimates
Size of employment
estimate

Root-mean-square
error1

50,000
100,000
200,000
500,000
1,000,000
2,000,000

2,000
2,600
3,600
7,000
11,600
18,400

1

Assuming 12-month intervals between benchmark
revisions.
For the most recent months, estimates of employment, hours, and earnings are preliminary and are so
footnoted in the tables. These figures are based on less
than the total sample and are revised when all the reports in the sample have been received. The table below
presents root-mean-square-errors of the amounts of
Errors of preliminary employment estimates
Root-mean-square error of
Size of empl.
estimate

Monthly level

Month- to- month
change

50,000
100,000
200,000
500,000
1,000,000
2,000,000
10,000,000

900

84,000

State and area employment, hours, earnings, and
labor turnover data are collected and prepared by State
agencies in cooperation with BLS. The area statistics
relate to-metropolitan areas. Definitions for all areas
are published each year in the issue of Employment and
Earnings that contains State and area annual averages
(usually the May issue). Changes in definitions are
noted as they occur. Additional industry detail may be
obtained from the State agencies listed on the inside
back cover of each issue. These statistics are based
on the same establishment reports used, by BLS for preparing national estimates. For employment, the sum of
the State figures may differ slightly from the equivalent
official U.S. totals on a national basis, because some
States have more recent benchmarks than others and because of the effects of differing industrial and geographic
stratification.
For the States and the areas shown in the B and C
sections of this periodical, all the annual average data
for the detailed industry statistics currently published
by each cooperating State agency are presented (from
the earliest da tie of availability of each series) in a
summary volume published annually by the BLS.

1,700
2,800
4,000
8,000
27,600

Total Nonag. empl.

STATISTICS FOR STATES AND AREAS

900

1,700
3,000
4,300
8,000
29,600

revision that may be expected between the preliminary
and final levels of employment and preliminary and final
month-to-month changes. Revisions of preliminary hours
and earnings estimates are normally not greater than .1
of an hour for weekly hours or 1 cent for hourly earnings.

74,000

600

600

UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE DATA
Insured unemployment represents the number of persons reporting a week of unemployment under an unemployment insurance program. It includes some persons
who are working part time who would be counted as employed in the payroll and household surveys. Excluded
are persons who have exhausted their benefit rights, new
workers who have not earned rights to unemployment
insurance, and persons losing jobs not covered by unemployment insurance systems (agriculture, State and local
government, domestic service, self-employment, unpaid
family work, nonprofit organizations, and firms below a
minimum size). The rate of insured unemployment is the
number of insured unemployed expressed as a percent of
average covered employment in a 12-month period ending
6 to 8 months prior to the week of reference. Initial




claims are notices filed by those losing jobs covered by
an unemployment insurance program that they are starting a period of unemployment. A claimant who continues
to be unemployed a full week is then counted in the
insured unemployment figure.
Because of differences in State laws and procedures
under which unemployment insurance programs are operated, State unemployment rates generally indicate, but
do not precisely measure, differences among the individual States. Persons wishing to receive a detailed
description of the nature, sources, inclusions and exclusions, and limitations of unemployment insurance data
should address their inquiries to Manpower Administration, Washington, D.C.

149

SEASONAL ADJUSTMENT
The seasonally adjusted establishment data for FedMany economic statistics reflect a regularly recurring
eral Government are based on a series which excludes
seasonal movement which can be estimated on the basis
the Christmas temporary help employed by the Post
of past experience. By eliminating that part of the change
Office Department in December. The employment of these
which can be ascribed to usual seasonal variation, it is
workers constitutes the only significant seasonal change
possible to observe the cyclical and other nonseasonal
in Federal Government employment during the winter
movements in the series. However, in evaluating deviamonths. Furthermore, the volume of such employment
tions from the seasonal pattern—that is, changes in a
may change substantially from year to year because of
seasonally adjusted series—it is important to note that
administrative decisions by the Post Office Department.
seasonal adjustment is merely an approximation based
Hence, it was considered desirable to exclude this group
on past experience. Seasonally adjusted estimates have
from the data upon which the seasonally adjusted series
a broader margin of possible error than the original
is based. Factors currently in use for the establishment
data on which they are based, since they are subject not
data a r e shown in the July 1969 Employment and
only to sampling and other errors but, in addition, are
Earnings, and revisions will be made coincidental with
affected by the uncertainties of the seasonal adjustment
the adjustment of series to new benchmark levels.
process itself. Seasonally adjusted series for selected
labor force and establishment data are published regularly
in. Employment and Earnings.

For each of the three ma jor labor force components—
agricultural and nonagricultural employment and unemployment—data for four age-sex groups (male and
female workers under age 20 and age 20 and over) are
separately adjusted for seasonal variation and are then
added to give seasonally adjusted total figures. In order
to produce seasonally adjusted total employment and
civilian labor force data, the appropriate series are
aggregated. The seasonally adjusted rate of unemployment is derived by dividing the seasonally adjusted
figure for total unemployment (the sum of four seasonally adjusted age-sex components) by the figure for the
seasonally adjusted civilian labor force (the sum of
twelve seasonally adjusted age-sex components).

The seasonal adjustment method used for these series
is an adaptation of the standard ratio-to-moving average
method, with a provision for "moving" adjustment factors
to take account of changing seasonal patterns. A detailed
description of the method is given in the booklet, The BLS
Seasonal Factor Method (1966), which may be. obtained
from the Bureau on request.
For establishment data, the seasonally adjusted
series on weekly hours and labor turnover rates for
industry groupings are computed by applying factors
directly to the corresponding unadjusted series. However, seasonally adjusted employment totals for all
employees and production workers by industry division
are obtained by summing seasonally adjusted data for
the component industries. Indexes of aggregate weekly
man-hours, seasonally adjusted, for mining, contract
construction, and the major industries in manufacturing
are obtained by multiplying average weekly hours, seasonally adjusted, by production workers, seasonally
adjusted, and dividing by the 1957-59 base. For total,
manufacturing, and durable and nondurable goods, the
indexes of aggregate weekly man-hours, seasonally
adjusted, are obtained by summing the aggregate ..weekly
man-hours, seasonally adjusted, for the appropriate
component industries and dividing by the 1957-59 base.

The seasonal adjustment factors applying to current
data are based on a pattern shown by past experience.
*
These factors are revised in the light of the pattern
revealed by subsequent data. Revised seasonally adjusted
series for major components of the labor force based on
data through December 1^69-are published in theJFebruary
WJQ Employment and Earnings. ^Revisions wilfbe made
annually as each additional year's data become available.

ATTENTION
As discussed in the Technical Note, the
recent benchmark to improve their accuracy.
because employment levels are used as weights.
been adjusted to March 1968 benchmarks. Data
the next benchmark.

Bureau periodically adjusts the industry employment series to a
These adjustments may also affect the hours and earnings series
Industry data for all national series shown in this report have
from April 1968 forward are subject to revision at the time of

Beginning with the July 1969 and subsequent issues of Employment and Earnings, the national data in sections B, C, and D supersede those published in previous issues, as well as those appearing in the Handbook of
Labor Statistics, 1969. Historical data for a particular industry, comparable to those currently appearing in
Employment and Earnings, are available upon request to any of the BLS regional offices (see inside back cover
for addresses) or to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C, 20212.




ISO

Summary of Methods for Computing Industry Statistics
on Employment, Hours, Earnings, and Lnhor Turnover

Item

Basic estimating Cells (industry, region,
size, or region/size cell)

Aggregate industry levels (divisions, groups and,
where stratified, individual cells)

Monthly Data
All employees . .

All-employee estimate for previous month multiplied by ratio of all employees in current
month to all employees in previous month, for
sample establishments which reported for both
months.

Sum of all-employee estimates for component
cells.

Production or nonsupervisory workers;
women employees .

All-employee estimate for current month multi plied by (1) ratio of production or nonsupervisory workers to all employees in sample
establishments for current month, (2) ratio of
women to all employees.

Sum of production- or nonsupervisory-worker
estimates, or estimates of women employees,
for component cells.

Gross average weekly hours

Production- or nonsupervisory-worker man-hours
divided by number of production or nonsupervisory workers.

Average, weighted by production- or nonsupervisory-worker employment, of the average weekly
hours for component cells.

Average weekly overtime hours

Production-worker overtime man-hours divided
by number of production workers.

Average, weighted by production-worker employment, of the average weekly overtime hours for
component cells.

Gross average hourly earnings

Total production- or nonsupervisory-worker payroll divided by total production- or nonsupervisory-worker man-hours.

Average, weighted by aggregate man-hours, of the
average hourly earnings for component cells.

Gross average weekly earnings .

Product of gross average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

Product of gross average weekly hours and average
hourly earnings.

Labor turnover rates • • •

The number of particular actions (e.g., quits)
in reporting firms divided by total employment
in those firms. The result is multiplied by
100.

Average, weighted by employment, of the rates for
component cells.

Annual Average Data
All employees and production or nonsupervisory workers.

Sum of monthly estimates divided by 12.

Sum of monthly estimates divided by 12.

Gross average weekly hours

Annual total of aggregate man-hours (productionor nonsupervisory-worker employment multiplied
by average weekly hours) divided by annual sum
of employment.

Annual total of aggregate man-hours for production
or nonsupervisory workers divided by annual sum
of employment for these workers.

Average weekly overtime hours .

Annual total of aggregate overtime man-hours '
(production-worker emp'oyment multiplied by
average weekly overtime hours) divided by
annual sum of employment.

Annual total of aggregate overtime man-hours for
production workers divided by annual sum of
employment for these workers.

Gross average hourly earnings

Annual total of aggregate payrolls (productionor nonsupervisory-worker employment multiplied
by weekly earnings) divided by annual aggregate
man-hours.

Annual total of aggregate payrolls divided, by annual
aggregate man-hours.

Gross average weekly earnings .

Product of gross average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

Product of gross av age weekly hours and average
hourly earnings.

Labor turnover rates . . .

Sum of monthly rates divided by 12.

Sum of monthly rates divided by 12.

151
U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1970 O - 384-207





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102