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EMPLOYEE EARNINGS AND HOURS IN




RETAIL TRADE

JUNE 1966

l

XtS,

B lle 1 8
u tin 5 4
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 Ninth A ve.
New York, N. Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7716 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region VI
Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region V II
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate A ve.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C a lif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




E M P L O Y E E E A R N IN G S A N D H O U R S

IN

R E T A IL T R A D E

JUN E 1966

1 SST

B lle 1 8
u tin 5 4
N o v e m b e r 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 2 0 4 0 2 - Price $1







P reface
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con d u c te d a n a tio n w id e
s u r v e y o f r e t a i l tr a d e (e x c lu d in g e a tin g and d rin k in g p l a c e s )
f o r a June 1966 p a y r o l l p e r i o d .
D ata on e m p lo y m e n t ,
a v e r a g e h o u r ly and w e e k l y e a r n in g s , and w e e k l y h ours o f
n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p l o y e e s w e r e o b ta in e d and a r e p r e ­
s e n te d in this b u lle tin . T h is i n f o r m a t io n b r i d g e s the p e r i o d
s in c e June 1965 w h en a s i m i l a r s u r v e y w as conducted.
In ad d itio n to data f o r 1966, the b u lle tin p r o v i d e s an a n a l­
y s is o f changes in e m p l o y e e e a r n in g s and h ours b e t w e e n
the two s u r v e y p e r i o d s , d u rin g w h ic h t im e a F e d e r a l m i n ­
im u m w a g e o f $ 1. 25 an hour and a 4 0 -h o u r s ta n d a rd w o r k ­
w e e k w e r e a p p lie d to c e r t a i n l a r g e r e t a i l e n t e r p r i s e s su b ­
j e c t to the F a i r L a b o r Standards A c t . The change in the
e a r n in g s and hours s t r u c t u r e r e c o r d e d b y s i m i l a r s u r v e y s
con d u cted in 1956, 1961, and 1962 a r e a ls o e x a m in e d .
Data a r e p r o v i d e d f o r the U n ited S ta te s; the N o r t h e a s t ,
South, N o r t h C e n t r a l, and W e s t r e g i o n s ; m e t r o p o l i t a n and
n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s ; m e n and w o m e n ; and f o r r e t a i l
e n t e r p r i s e s and e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y t h e ir annual v o lu m e o f
sales.
A p p e n d ix A p r o v i d e s t e c h n ic a l i n f o r m a t io n on the
s co p e and m e th o d o f the s u r v e y , as w e l l as d e fin itio n s o f
term s.
A c o p y o f the q u e s tio n n a ir e u s e d in the s u r v e y
is shown in ap p en d ix B.
C o m p r e h e n s iv e s t a t i s t i c a l data f o r e a c h o f the m a j o r
r e t a i l gro u p s w h ic h con stitute r e t a i l t r a d e , and f o r s e ­
l e c t e d lin e s o f r e t a i l b u s in e s s , a r e a v a ila b le in the i n ­
d iv id u a l b u lle tin s l i s t e d on the in s id e b a c k c o v e r .
T h e s u r v e y w a s p a r t o f a b r o a d p r o g r a m o f studies
in it ia t e d b y the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ’ s W a g e and
H o u r and P u b lic C o n tr a c t s D iv is io n s f o r continuing a p ­
p r a i s a l o f F e d e r a l l e g i s l a t i o n w h ic h r e l a t e s to m in im u m
w a g e s and m a x im u m h ours stan d ard s . In this c o n n e ctio n ,
data f r o m the s u r v e y w e r e p u b lis h e d in the R e p o r t S u b m itted
t o the C o n g r e s s in A c c o r d a n c e W ith the R e q u ir e m e n t s o f
S e c tio n 4 (d ) o f the F a i r L a b o r Standards A c t — J a n u a ry 1967.
T h is study w a s c o n d u cted in the B u r e a u ’ s O f f ic e o f
W a g e s and In d u s t r ia l R e la t io n s b y the D i v is i o n o f N a tio n a l
W a g e and S a l a r y I n c o m e .
The a n a ly s is w a s p r e p a r e d b y
J o s e p h K. C o c c o and M e l b a L . L e e , under the g e n e r a l
d i r e c t i o n o f A l v i n Baum an.




iii

Contents
Page

S u m m a r y ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s — a l l r e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------------R e g i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s -----------------------------------------------------------------------M e n and w o m e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S ale s v o l u m e ---------------------------------Th e F a i r L a b o r S tandards A c t --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s --- m a j o r g rou p s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------R e g i o n s ------------------------------------------------------M e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s -----------------------------------------------------------------------M e n and w o m e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S ale s v o l u m e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s — s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r i e s ------------------------------------------------------------------W e e k l y hou rs of w o r k — a l l r e t a i l t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------------------------M a j o r g r o u p s and s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r ie s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------H o u r ly e a rn in g s and w e e k l y h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Changes in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s , June 1965—June 1966— a l l r e t a i l t r a d e -------------------M a j o r g r o u p s and s e l e c t e d in d u s t r ie s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Changes in w e e k l y h ou rs o f w o r k , June 1965—
June 1966— a ll r e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------M a j o r g rou p s and s e l e c t e d in d u s t r ie s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Changes in a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s , June 1965—
June 1966 ---------------------------------------------Changes in w e e k l y h ou rs by h o u r ly e a r n in g s ----------------------------------------------------------------------Changes in h o u r ly e a rn in g s by w e e k l y h o u r s , June 1965—
June 1966 ---------------------------------Changes in w a g e s and h o u r s , O c t o b e r 1956—
June 1966 ------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
4
5
6
6
7
8
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15
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Z2
25
27
28
29
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30

T a b les:
1.
2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.
8.

A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by
s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , U n ited S ta tes, June 1966 ---------------------------------------------C u m u la tiv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n s of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s
by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , U n ited States and r e g io n s ,
June 1966 --------------------------------------------------------------------C u m u la tiv e p e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by a v e r a g e
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s , by m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n
a r e a s , U nited States and r e g i o n s , June 1966 -----------------------------------------------------C u m u la tiv e p e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by a v e r a g e
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , by s e x , U nited States and r e g i o n s ,
June 1966 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C u m u la tiv e p e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by a v e r a g e
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s , b y e n t e r p r i s e s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s ,
U n ited S ta tes, m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , and
r e g i o n s , June 1966 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C u m u la tiv e p e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s b y a v e r a g e
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s , by e s ta b lis h m e n t s s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s ,
U n ited S ta tes, m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , and
r e g i o n s , June 1966-----------------------------------------------------------------------N u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n s of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by w e e k l y
h ou rs o f w o r k , U nited States and r e g io n s , June 196 6------------------------------------------P e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s b y w e e k l y h ou rs o f w o r k ,
by m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , U nited States and r e g i o n s ,
June 1966 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




IV

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35

36

37

38

41
43

43

C ontents— C ontinued
Page

T a ble s— Continued
9.
10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

P e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by w e e k l y h ou rs o f w o r k ,
b y s e x , U n ited States and r e g i o n s , June 1966-----------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by w e e k l y h ou rs o f w o r k ,
by e n t e r p r i s e s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s , United S ta tes, m e t r o p o l i t a n and
n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , and r e g i o n s , June 1966--------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s b y w e e k l y h ou rs o f w o r k ,
b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s , United S ta tes, m e t r o p o l i t a n and
n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , and r e g i o n s , June 1966--------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s h av in g s p e c i f i e d a v e r a g e
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a rn in g s b y w e e k l y h ours o f w o r k , U nited States
and r e g i o n s , June 1966 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p lo y e e s w o r k in g s p e c i f i e d w e e k l y
h ou rs b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s , U n ited States and
r e g i o n s , June 1966 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y and w e e k l y ea rn in g s of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
e m p l o y e e s b y w e e k l y h ou rs o f w o r k , U nited States and r e g io n s ,
June 1966 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

44

45

46

47

49

51

C u m u la tiv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n s o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p lo y e e s
b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s , U nited States and r e g io n s ,
June 1966:
15. B u ild in g m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e , and f a r m eq u ip m e n t d e a l e r s --------------------------------16. G e n e r a l m e r c h a n d i s e s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------17. D e p a r tm e n t s t o r e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18. L i m i t e d p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------19. F o o d s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20. G r o c e r y s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------21. A u t o m o t iv e d e a l e r s and g a s o l i n e s e r v i c e s t a t i o n s -------------------------------------------------22. M o t o r v e h i c l e d e a l e r s (n ew and u sed c a r s ) -----------------------------------------------------------23. G a s o l in e s e r v i c e station s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------24. A p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------25. M e n ’ s and b o y s ’ clo th in g and fu rn is h in g s s t o r e s --------------------------------------------------26. W o m e n ’ s r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------27. Shoe s t o r e s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------28. F u r n it u r e , h o m e fu r n is h in g s , and h ou seh o ld a p p lia n ce s t o r e s ------------------------------29. F u r n it u r e , h o m e fu r n is h in g s , and eq u ip m e n t s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------30. H o u s eh o ld a p p lia n c e s t o r e s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31. M i s c e l l a n e o u s r e t a i l s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------32. D ru g and p r o p r i e t a r y s t o r e s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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57
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69

N u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n s of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by w e e k l y
h ou rs o f w o r k , U nited States and r e g i o n s , June 1966:
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.

B u ild in g m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e , and f a r m eq u ipm ent d e a l e r s --------------------------------G e n e r a l m e r c h a n d i s e s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------D e p a r tm e n t s t o r e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------L i m i t e d p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------F o o d s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------G r o c e r y s t o r e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A u t o m o t i v e d e a l e r s and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s t a t i o n s ------------------- ------------------------------




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C on ten ts--- Continued
Page

Tables— Continued
N u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n s of n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by w e e k l y
h ou rs o f w o r k , U n ited States and r e g i o n s , June 1966— Continued
40o
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.

M o t o r v e h i c l e d e a l e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------G a s o l in e s e r v i c e s t a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------M e n ’ s and b o y s ’ clothin g and fu rn is h in g s s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------W o m e n ’ s r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Shoe s t o r e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------F u r n it u r e , h o m e fu r n is h in g s , and h ou seh o ld a p p lia n ce s t o r e s ---------------------------------F u r n i t u r e , h o m e fu r n is h in g s , and e q u ip m e n t s t o r e s ------------------------------------------------H o u s eh o ld a p p lia n c e s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------------------M i s c e l l a n e o u s r e t a i l s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------D ru g and p r o p r i e t a r y s t o r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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78

A p p e n d ix e s :
A.
B.

S cop e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y - -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Q u e s t i o n n a i r e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




vi

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Employee Earnings and Hours in Retail Trade, June 1966
Sum m ary
N o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in the r e t a i l t r a d e in d u s t r y (e x c e p t e a tin g and
d rin k in g p l a c e s ) e a r n e d an a v e r a g e o f $ 1 . 9 6 on a s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly b a s is in
June 1966.
A c c o r d i n g to the B u r e a u ’ s s u r v e y o f e a r n in g s and h ours o f w o r k ,
a p p r o x i m a t e l y 6. 9 m i l l i o n n o n s u p e r v is o r y r e t a i l tr a d e e m p l o y e e s in the U n ited
S ta te s, e a r n e d $71. 13 a w e e k and w o r k e d 3 6 .3 h o u rs , on the a v e r a g e .
E a r n in g s in r e t a i l tr a d e w e r e d is t r ib u t e d b r o a d ly .
e a r n e d b e t w e e n $1. 15 and $ 3 an h o u r.

F o u r out o f 5 e m p l o y e e s

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s am on g the fo u r b r o a d g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s r a n g e d f r o m
$ 1 . 6 7 an hour in the South to $ 2 . 3 4 in hour in the W e s t .
E m p l o y e e s in the
N a t i o n ’ s m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s a v e r a g e d $ 2 . 0 7 an h our, 40 cen ts an hour m o r e
than th o se in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s . M e n e a r n e d an a v e r a g e o f $ 2 . 17 an h o u r,
c o m p a r e d w ith $ 1 . 5 6 f o r w o m e n .
A m o n g the s e v e n m a j o r in d u s t r y gro u p s w h ic h con s titu te r e t a i l tr a d e (e x c e p t
e a tin g and d rin k in g p l a c e s ) , a v e r a g e h o u r ly p a y l e v e l s w e r e $ 1 . 7 2 in a p p a r e l and
a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s , $ 1 . 7 7 in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s , $ 1 . 8 9 in m is c e lla n e o u s
r e t a i l s t o r e s , $ 2 . 0 2 in fo o d s t o r e s , $ 2 . 0 5 at b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s and h a r d w a r e
d e a l e r s , $ 2 . 14 at a u to m o b ile d e a l e r s and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s ta tio n s , and $ 2. 19 in
fu r n itu r e and ap p lia n ce s t o r e s .
D u rin g the s u r v e y w e e k e m p l o y e e s w o r k e d an a v e r a g e o f 36. 3 h o u rs . T h r e e tenths o f the e m p l o y e e s w o r k e d le s s than 35 h o u rs , o n e - f o u r t h w o r k e d 40 h o u rs ,
and o n e - s i x t h w o r k e d 48 h o u rs o r m o r e .
A m o n g the fo u r r e g io n s the a v e r a g e
w o r k w e e k r a n g e d f r o m 33. 9 h ours in the N o r t h e a s t to 38. 9 h ours in the South.
E m p l o y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s a v e r a g e d 3 5 .4 h o u rs , 3.6 h ours l e s s than th ose
in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
M e n w o r k e d 38.6 h o u rs , on the a v e r a g e , 5 .4 h ours
m o r e than w o m e n .
A m o n g e m p l o y e e s o f the s e v e n m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s , a v e r a g e w e e k l y h ours
r a n g e d f r o m 3 3 .4 f o r th ose in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s to 4 1 .7 f o r th o se at
b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s and h a r d w a r e d e a l e r s .
T he a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l f o r r e t a i l e m p l o y e e s i n c r e a s e d 11 cen ts s in c e June
1965 w h e n a s i m i l a r s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d . 1
B e t w e e n O c t o b e r 1956 and June
1965, h o w e v e r , the a v e r a g e h o u r ly p a y l e v e l ad v a n ce d b y 44 c e n ts , f r o m $ 1 .4 1 to
$ 1 . 8 5 , o r b y 4 .9 cen ts a y e a r . A lth ou gh th e r e w as a g e n e r a l u p w a rd m o v e m e n t
in the d is t r ib u tio n b e t w e e n June 1965 and June 1966, e m p l o y e e s at the l o w e r end
o f the p a y s c a le s h o w ed the g r e a t e s t g a in s ; the p r o p o r t i o n p a id l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5
an hour d e c lin e d f r o m 19 to 11 p e r c e n t . D u rin g the s a m e p e r i o d a v e r a g e w e e k l y
h ours d e c lin e d f r o m 36.9 to 3 6.3 b e c a u s e o f a s m a l l but n o t ic e a b le d e c r e a s e in
the p r o p o r t i o n of e m p l o y e e s who w o r k e d 48 hours o r m o r e , and a c o r r e s p o n d in g
i n c r e a s e in the p r o p o r t i o n who w o r k e d le s s than 35 h ou rs a w e e k .

1 See Em ployee Earnings and Hours in R etail Trade,




June 1965 (BLS Bulletin 1501,

1

1967).

2

C h a ra c te ristics
R e t a i l t r a d e , as d e fin e d b y the Standard In d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ,
is the s e l l i n g o f m e r c h a n d is e f o r p e r s o n a l, h o u seh o ld , o r f a r m con s u m p tio n . It
is the m e a n s by w h ic h go o d s and t h e ir u ltim a te c o n s u m e r s a r e b ro u g h t t o g e t h e r .
B e c a u s e o f th e ir function, r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e d is t r ib u t e d throu gh ou t the
co u n tr y in about the s a m e p r o p o r t i o n as p op ulation .
R e t a i l t r a d e is p r o b a b l y
the m o s t w i d e l y d i s p e r s e d in d u s t r y in the U n ited S ta tes.
R e t a i l s t o r e s v a r y w i d e l y b y s i z e , ty p e , and e x te n t o f s p e c i a l i z a t i o n . The
l a r g e m e t r o p o l i t a n d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e , the c o u n try s t o r e , and the l o c a l c o n f e c t i o n e r y
b e a r l i t t l e r e s e m b l a n c e to one an o th e r, but a ll a r e r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
In
ad d itio n to the m o r e c o m m o n l y r e c o g n i z e d s t o r e s , m a i l - o r d e r h o u s e s , d o o r - t o d o o r s e l l i n g o r g a n i z a t i o n s , and v e n d in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s a r e r e t a i l e r s .
The r e t a i l tr a d e in d u s t r y p r o v i d e s jo b s ( p a r t - and f u l l - t i m e ) f o r about 1 out
o f 7 o f the N a t i o n ’ s n o n a g r ic u lt u r a l e m p l o y e e s . In d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s v a r y
w i d e l y b y n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e r s — f r o m the l a r g e d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e to the n e i g h ­
b o r h o o d g r o c e r y that has o n ly one o r two p aid w o r k e r s . A c c o r d i n g to the 1963
Census o f B u s in e s s , o f the 1.2 m i l l i o n r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s (e x c lu d in g e a tin g
and d rin k in g p l a c e s ) in the U n ited States open d urin g the e n t ir e y e a r , t h r e e fou rth s had f e w e r than fo u r p a id e m p l o y e e s ; o n ly o n e - e ig h t h had 10 o r m o r e .
T h is l a t t e r g ro u p o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s , h o w e v e r , a c c ou n te d f o r 64 p e r c e n t o f the
$226 b i l l io n in r e t a i l s a le s . O n ly 6 p e r c e n t o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t s had as m a n y
as 20 e m p l o y e e s , but th e y acc ou n te d f o r a lm o s t o n e - h a l f (47 p e r c e n t ) o f a ll r e ­
t a il s a le s .
A c c o r d i n g to the I960 C en su s o f P o p u la tio n , m o r e than o n e - t h i r d o f a ll
r e t a i l tr a d e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e n g a g e d in s e llin g . A b o u t o n e - f i f t h w o r k e d as m a n ­
a g e r s , o f f i c i a l s , o r p r o p r i e t o r s ; o n e - q u a r t e r w e r e d iv id e d e v e n ly b e t w e e n c l e r i c a l
and o p e r a t i v e jo b s . T h e s i z e o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t g o v e r n s the n atu re o f the la b o r
f o r c e e m p lo y e d t h e r e . A s m a l l d r y - g o o d s s t o r e m a y e m p lo y o n ly s a le s p e r s o n n e l.
A l a r g e d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e , w h ile e m p lo y in g m a n y s a le s p e o p le , a ls o e m p lo y s p e o p le
in o th e r f i e l d s — a r t i s t s ,
carpenters,
accountants,
a p p lia n c e r e p a i r m e n , and
t r u c k d r i v e r s.
C e r t a i n r e t a i l s t o r e s r e q u i r e p e o p le w ith s p e c i a l s k i l l s .
A p p a re l stores
e m p l o y t a i l o r s , a u to m o b ile d e a l e r s e m p l o y m e c h a n ic s , and drug s t o r e s e m p l o y
p h a r m a c i s t s . O c c u p a tio n a l r e q u ir e m e n t s v a r y e v e n am on g s a le s p o s it io n s , f r o m
the l i m i t e d t r a in in g r e q u i r e d to s e l l s u n d ries in a v a r i e t y s t o r e to the e x t e n s iv e
e x p e r i e n c e and k n o w le d g e r e q u i r e d to s e l l a u t o m o b ile s .
M e th o d s o f w a g e p a y m e n t v a r y am on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , ty p e s o f s t o r e s , and
e v e n am on g s a le s p o s itio n s in the s a m e s t o r e . S om e e m p l o y e e s a r e p aid on an
h o u r ly b a s i s , s o m e on a s a l a r y b a s i s , and s o m e e n t i r e l y o r p a r t i a l l y on a c o m ­
m is s io n b asis.
A p p r o x i m a t e l y 6. 9 m i l l i o n n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p l o y e e s w e r e w ith in the s co p e
o f the s u r v e y in June 1966. T h r e e - f o u r t h s o f th e se w o r k e d in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s .
The South and N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n s e a c h a ccou n ted f o r 28 p e r c e n t o f the e m ­
p l o y e e s , the N o r t h e a s t had 26 p e r c e n t , and the W e s t had o n ly 18 p e r c e n t . T h r e e fifth s o f the e m p l o y e e s w e r e m e n .




3

T he
s u r v e y is

d is t r ib u tio n am on g in d u s t r y
shown b e lo w :

gro u p s

o f the e m p l o y e e s

Line o f retail business

in c lu d e d in the

Percent o f all
nonsupervisory
em ployees covered
by the survey in
June 1965

R etail trade, t o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------------

100.0

Building materials, hardware, and farm equipment dealers---------------------------General merchandise stores---------------------------------------------------------------------Department stores-------------------------------------------------------------------------------L im ited price variety stores-----------------------------------------------------------------Food stores--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grocery stores------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Autom otive dealers and gasoline service station s--------------------------------------Motor veh icle dealers (new and used cars)---------------------------------------------Gasoline service stations---------------------------------------------------------------------Apparel and accessory stores,--------------------------------------------------------------------Men's and boys' clothing and furnishings stores--------------------------------------Women's rea dy-to-w ear stores-------------------------------------------------------------Shoe s to r e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household appliance stores--------------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and equipment stores----------------------------------Household appliance stores------------------------------------------------------------------Miscellaneous retail stores-----------------------------------------------------------------------Drug and proprietary stores-------------------------------------------------------------------

7. 1
24. 6
15. 9
4. 2
20. 8
17. 7
18.8
8. 8
7. 1
8. 5
1.4
3. 1
1.6
5. 4
3. 5
1. 1
14. 3
5. 3

NOTE: Because o f rounding,-sums o f individual items m ay not equal totals.

In e a c h m a j o r gro u p , the m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s w o r k e d in m e t r o p o l i t a n
areas.
M e n c o n s titu te d the m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in e v e r y m a j o r gro u p ,
e x c e p t g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e and a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r i e s .

Average

H o u r l y E a r n in g s --- A l l R e t a i l T r a d e

N o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in r e t a i l tra d e (e x c e p t e a tin g and d rin k in g p l a c e s )
a v e r a g e d $ 1. 96 an hour at s t r a i g h t - t i m e r a te s in June 1966.
N e a r ly 7 m illio n
e m p l o y e e s w e r e in clu d e d w ith in the s co p e o f the s u r v e y and t h e ir e a r n in g s w e r e
d is t r ib u t e d b r o a d l y along the w a g e s c a le .
(See ta b le 2. ) F o u r out o f 5 e m ­
p l o y e e s , f o r e x a m p l e , e a r n e d b e t w e e n $1. 15 and $3 an h our, and e a r n in g s f o r
the m id d le h a lf o f the w o r k f o r c e r a n g e d f r o m $ 1. 32 an hour to $ 2 . 2 5 an h our.
The m e d ia n p a y l e v e l , 2 $ 1 . 6 3 an hour, was 33 cents b e lo w the m e a n . T h e m e d ia n
r e f l e c t s a s u b sta n tia l p r o p o r t i o n o f lo w p a id e m p l o y e e s — n e a r l y o n e - f o u r t h e a r n e d
le s s than $ 1. 30 an hour and n e a r l y o n e - h a lf o f th ose (46 p e r c e n t ) r e c e i v e d l e s s
than $ 1 . 2 5 an hour.
H o w e v e r , h ig h e r e a rn in g s w e r e not unusual; 8 00 ,000 e m ­
p lo y e e s e a r n e d at l e a s t $3 an hour and th e y r e p r e s e n t e d o n e - e ig h t h o f the r e t a i l
la b o r f o r c e .

2 That amount below and above which earnings for 50 percent of the em ployees are found.




4

R e g i o n s . G e o g r a p h ic lo c a t io n p la y s an im p o r t a n t r o l e in the d e t e r m in a t io n
o f e m p lo y e e e a r n in g s in r e t a i l tr a d e .
E a r n in g s w e r e l o w e s t in the South at
$ 1 . 6 7 an hour and h ig h e s t in the W e s t at $ 2 . 3 4 an h o u r; in the N o r t h C e n t r a l
and N o r t h e a s t r e g i o n s , e a r n in g s a v e r a g e d $ 1. 94 and $2. 05 an h our, r e s p e c t i v e l y .
T he 6 7 -c e n t S o u th -W e s t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l m i r r o r s the m a r k e d d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n
th e se r e g io n s in the d is t r ib u tio n o f in d iv id u a l e m p l o y e e e a r n in g s .
In the South,
f o r e x a m p le , 4 out o f e v e r y 10 e m p l o y e e s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 3 0 an h ou r, but
in the W e s t o n ly 1 out o f 10 had such e a r n in g s .
South ern e m p l o y e e s a c c ou n te d
f o r n e a r l y o n e - h a l f o f the r e t a i l w o r k f o r c e p a id l e s s than $ 1 . 3 0 an h ou r.
On
the o th e r hand, o n e - h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s in the W e s t a v e r a g e d at l e a s t $ 2 an
hour; m o r e than o n e - f if t h , at l e a s t $ 3 an h our. T he p r o p o r t io n s at th e se w a g e
l e v e l s in the South w e r e f e w e r than o n e - f o u r t h and o n e - t w e n t ie t h , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
The W e s t e m p l o y e d o n ly o n e - s i x t h o f the N a t i o n ’ s r e t a i l w o r k f o r c e ; o n e - t h i r d
o f the e m p l o y e e s w e r e p a id $ 3 an hour o r m o r e . In d iv id u a l e m p l o y e e e a r n in g s
in the N o r t h e a s t and N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d m o r e e v e n l y than
th ose in the South, but w e r e m o r e r e s t r i c t e d than th ose in the W e s t .
For
e x a m p le , e a r n in g s f o r the m id d le 50 p e r c e n t o f the e m p l o y e e s w e r e s p r e a d o v e r
a 9 4 - c e n t ra n g e in the N o r t h e a s t and a 9 0 -c e n t r a n g e in the N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n ,
c o m p a r e d w ith ra n g e s o f 62 cents and $ 1 . 2 8 in the South and W e s t , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
M e t r o p o l i t a n and N o n m e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s .
C l o s e l y a s s o c i a t e d with g e o ­
g r a p h ic lo c a t i o n as a f a c t o r in w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n is the m e t r o p o l i t a n 3 o r n o n ­
m e t r o p o l i t a n c h a r a c t e r o f an a r e a .
E m p l o y e e s in r e t a i l s t o r e s in the N a t i o n 's
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as a gro u p , a v e r a g e d $ 2 . 0 7 an h o u r, 40 cen ts m o r e than
t h e ir c o u n te r p a r ts in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
(See ta b le 3 . )
E a r n in g s o f e m ­
p l o y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d b r o a d ly , b u t w e r e g ro u p e d t o w a r d
the l o w e r end o f the p a y s c a le in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
N e a r ly tw o -fifth s of
the e m p l o y e e s in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , but f e w e r than o n e - f i f t h in m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s , w e r e p a id l e s s than $ 1 . 3 0 an hour.
O n e - h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s in the
s m a l l e r a r e a s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1. 50 an hour and f e w e r than o n e - f o u r t h r e c e i v e d
as m u ch as $2 an h our.
On the o th e r hand, o n e - f o u r t h o f the e m p l o y e e s in
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s e a r n e d at l e a s t $ 2 . 5 0 an h our.
In e a c h r e g io n , e m p l o y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s e a r n e d s u b s t a n tia lly m o r e
than th ose in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s . T h e w a g e ad v a n ta ge r a n g e d f r o m 27 cen ts an
hour in the W e s t to 40 cents an hour in the N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n .
The South
r e g i s t e r e d the lo w e s t l e v e l o f e a r n in g s , $ 1 . 7 8 an hour in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
and $ 1 . 4 7 an hour in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
The W e s t r e c o r d e d the h ig h e s t,
$2. 39 an $ 2. 12 an h ou r, r e s p e c t i v e l y .
The lo w a v e r a g e s in the South e x e r t e d
a n o t ic e a b le d o w n w a r d p u ll on the o v e r a l l p a y l e v e l s in both m e t r o p o l i t a n and
n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
T h is d r a g is w e l l i l l u s t r a t e d w h en wage data f o r e a c h
a r e a a r e e x a m in e d , in clu d in g and e x c lu d in g the South. A s shown b e lo w , the South
e x e r t e d a 9 -c e n t d r a g on the a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , and a
13 - cen t d ra g in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
Average straight-tim e
___________ hourly earnings_______________
Area
M etropolitan a r e a s --------------- -------------Nonm etropolitan a re a s -------------------------

Including the
South
$2.07
1.67

Excluding the
South
$2. 16
1. 80

D ifference in the
average pay le v el
$0.09
. 13

3
M etropolitan areas, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget, include those counties containing at least one
central city of 50,000 population and those counties around such cities which are m etropolitan in character and
econ om ically and socially intergrated with the county containing the central city.




5

A lth o u gh e a r n in g s w e r e g e n e r a l l y h ig h e r in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s than in n o n ­
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , no c o n c r e t e r e la t io n s h ip a p p e a r e d to e x i s t b e t w e e n this p a y
d i f f e r e n t i a l and the r e g i o n a l p a y l e v e l , as shown b e lo w .
Pay differential
between m etropolitan and
_______ nonmetropolitan areas
R egion
South--------------------------------------------------North C en tral---------------------------------------Northeast---------------------------------------------W e s t ---------------------------------------------------

Average hourly
earnings
$1.67
1.94
2.05
2.34

Cents
$0.31
.4 0
.2 8
.2 7

Percent
21.1
24.0
15.4
12.7

A s n o te d p r e v i o u s l y , e m p l o y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s a v e r a g e d m o r e than
th ose in nonurban a r e a s , but this p a y r e la t io n s h ip did not a lw a y s h o ld tru e on an
i n t e r r e g i o n a l b a s is .
F o r e x a m p le , e m p l o y e e s in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s o f the
N o r t h e a s t and W e s t a v e r a g e d 4 and 34 cents m o r e than th ose in m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s o f the South.
T h is r e la t io n s h ip m i r r o r s the g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f e m ­
p lo y e e s w it h lo w r a te s o f p a y in the South's urban a r e a s than the N o r t h e a s t ' s
and W e s t ' s nonurban a r e a s — 32 p e r c e n t c o m p a r e d w ith 26 and 17 p e r c e n t , r e ­
s p e c t i v e l y , e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 3 0 an hour.
In e a c h r e g io n , e a r n in g s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d m o r e b r o a d l y
than th o se in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
M e n and W o m e n . M e n , at $2. 17 an h our, a v e r a g e d 56 cents o r 35 p e r c e n t
m o r e than w o m e n .
(See table 4. ) E a r n in g s f o r m e n w e r e d is t r ib u t e d w id e ly ;
those f o r w o m e n w e r e g r o u p e d in the low and m id d le p a y l e v e l s .
T hree-ten th s
o f the w o m e n , but o n e - f i f t h o f the m e n , a v e r a g e d l e s s than $ 1 . 3 0 an hour.
O v e r o n e - h a l f o f the w o m e n w e r e p a id l e s s than $ 1 . 5 0 an hour, and about the
s a m e p r o p o r t i o n o f m e n e a r n e d at l e a s t $ 2 an hour. W o m e n m a d e up t w o - fif t h s
o f the r e t a i l w o r k f o r c e but a ccou n ted f o r n e a r l y t h r e e - f i f t h s o f those e m p lo y e e s
p a id l e s s than $ 1 . 5 0 an h our.
On the o th e r hand, m e n a ccou n ted f o r 5 out o f
e v e r y 6 e m p l o y e e s e a r n in g as m u ch as $ 2 . 5 0 an hour.
R e g i o n a l l y , a v e r a g e e a r n in g s f o r m e n ra n g e d f r o m $ 1 . 8 1 an hour in the
South to $ 2. 59 an hour in the W e s t , and f o r w o m e n f r o m $ 1.42 to $ 1. 89 an h our,
a g a in in the South and W e s t, r e s p e c t i v e l y . In each r e g io n , m e n a v e r a g e d d e c id e d ly
m o r e than w o m e n ; the am ount o f the pay d i f f e r e n c e
r a n g in g f r o m 39 cents
an hour in the South to 70 cents an hour in the W e s t. But this d i f f e r e n t i a l w as
59 cents in the N o r t h e a s t and 63 cents in the N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g i o n ; thus, o n ly
a l i m i t e d r e la t io n s h ip a p p e a r e d to e x i s t b e t w e e n the ab solu te p a y advan tage m e n
h e ld o v e r w o m e n and the r e g i o n a l l e v e l o f e a r n in g s .
M e n h eld a 27 p e r c e n t
p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l in the South; 35 p e r c e n t in the N o r t h e a s t ; 37 p e r c e n t in the W e s t ;
and 40 p e r c e n t in the N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n .
Thus, on a r e l a t i v e b a s is the r e ­
la tio n s h ip w a s n o n e x isten t.
R e g i o n a l f a c t o r s , h o w e v e r , p la y an im p o r ta n t r o l e wh en e a r n in g s o f m e n
and w o m e n a re e x a m in e d on an i n t e r r e g i o n a l b a s is .
W o m e n in the W e s t , at
$ 1. 89 an h our, a v e r a g e d 8 cents an hour m o r e than m e n in the South.
Thus,
g e o g r a p h ic lo c a t io n is an o v e r s h a d o w in g f a c t o r in the g e n e r a l d e t e r m in a t io n
of w a g e s.




6

S ales V o l u m e . The annual v o lu m e o f s a le s o f the e n t e r p r i s e (and e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t ) in w h ic h he w o r k s a ls o has a b e a r in g on an e m p l o y e e 's e a r n in g s .
T h is
f a c t w a s r e v e a l e d when e m p lo y e e e a r n in g s w e r e ta b u lated a c c o r d in g to th ese c h a r ­
a c te ris tic s .
(See ta b le 5. )
R e ta il e n terp ris e s w e re
c l a s s i f i e d a c c o r d in g to
w h e t h e r th e ir annual s a le s w e r e : (1) $1 m i l l i o n o r m o r e , (2) at l e a s t $500,000
but le s s than $1 m i l l i o n , (3) at l e a s t $ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 but le s s than $ 5 0 0 ,0 0 0 , (4) and
le s s than $ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 .
R e s p e c t i v e a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r the above gro u p s
w e r e as f o l l o w s :
$ 2 . 0 9 , $2, $ 1 . 9 1 , and $ 1 . 6 9 .
T hu s, as annual s a le s v o lu m e
d e c r e a s e s , so does the l e v e l o f e m p l o y e e s ' e a r n in g s .
A s e x p e c t e d f r o m the
v a r i a t i o n in the e a r n in g s l e v e l s , sh a rp c o n t r a s ts w e r e e n c o m p a s s e d in the d i s ­
t r ib u tio n o f in d iv id u a l e a r n in g s . F o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s p a id
l e s s than $ 1 . 3 0 an hour r a n g e d f r o m o n e - s ix t h o f those in e n t e r p r i s e s that had
$1 m i l l i o n o r m o r e in s a le s to n e a r l y t w o - f i f t h s o f th ose in e n t e r p r i s e s that had
l e s s than $ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 in s a l e s . C o n v e r s e l y , at the upper p a y l e v e l s g r e a t e r p r o ­
p o r t io n s o f e m p l o y e e s w e r e found in the l a r g e r v o lu m e e n t e r p r i s e s , although the
d i f f e r e n c e s am on g the fo u r gro u p s w e r e not as sh a rp as th ose at the l o w e r
r e a c h e s o f the p a y s c a le .
F o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t i o n p a id at l e a s t $ 2 . 5 0 an
hour r a n g e d f r o m 13 p e r c e n t in e n t e r p r i s e s that had le s s than $ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 in s a le s
to 23 p e r c e n t o f th ose in e n t e r p r i s e s that had $1 m i l l i o n o r m o r e in s a le s .
In e a c h r e g io n , as w e l l as in both m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s ,
the p a tt e r n o f e a r n in g s b y e n t e r p r i s e s a le s v o lu m e w as id e n t ic a l to that n o te d
f o r the o v e r a l l in d u s try .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s w e r e ta b u la ted a ls o b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s a le s v o lu m e .
(See
ta ble 6. ) A g a in , a r e la t io n s h ip b e t w e e n the v o lu m e o f annual s a le s and the a v e r ­
age p a y l e v e l a p p e a r e d to e x i s t . E m p l o y e e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that had $ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0
o r m o r e in s a le s , at $ 2 . 08 an h ou r, a v e r a g e d 27 cen ts m o r e than th ose in e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts that had $ 150,000 to $ 2 5 0 ,0 0 0 in s a le s and 46 cents m o r e than th ose
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that had l e s s than $ 150,000 in s a l e s .
M a rk ed d ifferen c es
e x i s t e d in the e a r n in g s d is t r ib u t io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , lo w p a id e m p l o y e e s w e r e
p r e d o m in a n t in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that had the l o w e s t v o lu m e of s a le s — m o r e than
o n e - f o u r t h e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an h our; o v e r o n e - h a l f (54 p e r c e n t ) , le s s than
$ 1 . 5 0 an h o u r; and o n ly o n e - f i f t h e a r n e d as m u ch as $ 2 an h our. On the o th e r
hand, the b ulk o f the e m p l o y e e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that had at l e a s t $250, 000 in
s a le s w e r e found at the m id d le and u pper p a y l e v e l s — t w o - t h i r d s e a r n e d at l e a s t
$2 an h our, and o n e - f o u r t h , at l e a s t $ 2 . 5 0 an hour.
In e a c h r e g io n , as w e l l as in both p op u la tio n a r e a s , the p a tt e r n f o l l o w e d that
o f the o v e r a l l in d u s try . A m o n g th e se c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s e m p l o y e e s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts
that had $250, 000 o r m o r e in s a le s a v e r a g e d at l e a s t 22 cents an hour m o r e than
th o se in m e d iu m v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n t s and at l e a s t 36 cen ts m o r e than those
in the lo w v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
The F a i r L a b o r Standards A c t . E a r n in g s a ls o w e r e ta b u la ted f o r e m p l o y e e s
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s g e n e r a l l y s u b je c t to and those not g e n e r a l l y s u b je c t to the $ 1. 25
m in im u m h o u r ly w a g e p r o v i s i o n o f the F a i r L a b o r Standards A c t . 4 E m p l o y e e s
4
A t the tim e o f the survey, employees o f retail establishments that had at least $250, 000 in annual sales
which were part o f enterprises that had at least $1 m illio n in annual sales were gen erally included under the $1. 25
an hour minimum wage provision o f the 1961 amendments to the Fair Labor Standards A ct.
Employees o f motor
veh icle and farm im plem ent dealers and food service workers generally were exem pt, but em ployees o f gasoline
service stations which had sales o f $250,000 or more were subject to the m inim um regardless o f the enterprise's
sales.
Data relating to coverage by the FLSA exclude food service workers in department, lim ited price variety,
and drug stores.




7

w ith in the s co p e o f the act a ccou n ted f o r m o r e than t w o - f i f t h s (43 p e r c e n t ) o f the
N a tio n ’ s r e ta il w o rk fo rc e .
T h e y e a r n e d an a v e r a g e o f $ 2 . 0 1 an h o u r, 21 cents
m o r e than the r e s t o f the w o r k f o r c e .
The m in im u m w a g e acts as a f l o o r to
e a r n in g s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h m u st p a y at l e a s t the m in im u m , but not in
oth ers.
Thu s, v i r t u a l l y a ll o f the e m p l o y e e s in s u b je c t e s t a b lis h m e n ts w e r e
p a id at l e a s t $ 1 . 2 5 an h our, w h ile o n e - f i f t h o f the e m p l o y e e s in n on s u b je ct e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts e a r n e d le s s than that amount. O n e - e ig h t h (13 p e r c e n t ) o f the s u b je c t
e m p l o y e e s w e r e found e a r n in g ju s t above the m in im u m ($ 1. 25 to $ 1. 30 an h o u r).
O f i n t e r e s t a ls o , a re the 14 p e r c e n t o f the n o n s u b je ct e m p l o y e e s who had e a r n ­
ings o f b e t w e e n $ 1 . 2 5 and $ 1 . 3 0 an h ou r, and the f a c t that th e y r e p r e s e n t e d the
l a r g e s t g ro u p o f such e m p l o y e e s at any s in g le w a g e i n t e r v a l in the n o n s u b je ct
sector.
T hu s, e v id e n c e o f s o m e i n d i r e c t im p a c t o f the l e g i s l a t e d m in im u m e x e m p t
s e c t o r does a p p ea r to e x i s t . A m o n g h ig h e r paid e m p l o y e e s d i f f e r e n c e s in the d i s trib u tio n s w e re c o m p a r a t i v e l y s m a ll. F o r e x a m p le , o n ly 8 p e r c e n t a g e points s e p a ­
r a t e d the p r o p o r t io n s o f s u b je c t and n o n s u b je ct e m p l o y e e s p a id $2 an hour o r
m ore.
T h e r e la t io n s h ip b e t w e e n s u b je c t and n o n s u b je ct e s t a b lis h m e n ts noted above
f o r the r e t a i l in d u s t r y on a n ation w id e b a s is a ls o w as a p p lic a b le g e n e r a l l y on a
r e g i o n a l and p o p u l a t i o n - s i z e b a s is , as shown on the f o l l o w i n g tabulations
Proportion o f em ployees earning—
A verage
hourly
earnings
Subject
to
FLSA

Not
subject
to FLSA

United S tates-------------------

$2.01

$1.80

Northeast------------------------South-----------------------------North C en tral------------------W e s t ------------------------------

2.08
1.78
1.98
2.32

1.94
1.50
1. 75
2. 19

M etropolitan a r e a s ---------Nonm etropolitan a re a s---- -

2.05
1.80

1.93
1.56

Item

Less
than
$1.25
Subject
to
FLSA

Less
than
$1.30

Less
than
$1.40

Not
subject
to FLSA

Subject
to
FLSA

Not
subject
to FLSA

1.3

19. 1

14.4

32.6

26.3

40. 5

1.0
2.0
1.4
.8

7.7
36. 1
21.3
5.5

21.7
25.6
15.0
5.2

21.5
51.6
35.9
13.6

21.5
40. 1
27.4
11.4

31.2
59.0
43. 1
21.0

1. 1
3 .0

12. 7
31. 1

12.8
24.2

25.5
46.0

24.4
37.3

33.4
54. 1

Less
than
$1.60

Subject
to
FLSA

Not
subject
to FLSA

$2. 00
or
more

United S tates---------------------

43.9

55.6

36. 1

28.3

Northeast---------------------------South--------------------------------North C en tral--------------------W e s t ---------------------------------

40. 8
57.6
45. 7
25. 7

48.2
70.9
58. 1
38.2

38. 7
24.3
35.0
51.0

33.6
16.8
25.3
43.3

M etropolitan a r e a s ------------Nonm etropolitan a re a s --------

41.9
56.0

49.4
67.3

37.7
26.2

33.5
18.3

A v e r a g e H o u r l y E a r n in g s — M a j o r G roup s
A m o n g the s e v e n m a j o r r e t a i l in d u s try g ro u p s c o n s titu tin g r e t a i l tr a d e ( e x ­
clu d in g e a tin g and d rin k in g p l a c e s ) a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s r a n g e d f r o m $ 1 . 7 2
in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s to $ 2 . 1 9 in fu r n it u r e , h o m e fu r n is h in g s , and
h o u s eh o ld ap p lian ce s t o r e s .
(See ta b le s 15—32. ) In a d d itio n to those in a p p a r e l



8

and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s , e m p l o y e e s in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s and m is c e l l a n e o u s
r e t a i l s t o r e s a v e r a g e d at l e a s t 7 cen ts b e lo w the a ll r e t a i l tr a d e p a y l e v e l o f
$ 1 . 9 6 an hour. E m p l o y e e s in th e s e th r e e gro u p s c o n s titu te d n e a r l y o n e - h a l f o f
the r e t a i l w o r k f o r c e .
The 47 cents p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l s e p a r a t in g the lo w e s t f r o m the h ig h e s t p a y in g
in d u s t r y grou p can be a ttrib u te d to a v a r i e t y o f f a c t o r s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
d i f f e r in g o c c u p a tio n a l r e q u ir e m e n t s and m e th o d s o f w a g e p a y m e n ts , F e d e r a l and
State m in im u m w a g e le g is la t io n ,
p a r t - t i m e w o r k f o r c e as a p e r c e n t a g e o f the
to ta l, and p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k f o r c e in urban a r e a s a ll have an in flu en c e on
the l e v e l and d is t r ib u tio n o f e a r n in g s in e a c h o f th ese r e t a i l g r o u p s .
D i f f e r e n c e s am ong the m a j o r gro u ps w e r e found th rou gh ou t the p a y s c a le .
F o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s p a id l e s s than $ 1. 30 an hour ra n g e d
f r o m 16 p e r c e n t in fu r n itu r e , h om e fu r n is h in g s , and h o u seh o ld ap p lian ce s t o r e s
to 31 p e r c e n t in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s .
The s p r e a d at $ Z an hour o r
m o r e was e v e n g r e a t e r ; the p r o p o r t io n s who had such e a r n in g s ra n g e d f r o m
2 3 p e r c e n t in a p p a r e l s t o r e s and g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s to 46 p e r c e n t in
fu r n it u r e , h o m e fu r n is h in g s , and ap p lian ce s t o r e s .

R e g i o n s . F o r e a c h m a j o r r e t a i l grou p the r e g i o n a l p a tt e r n o f e a r n in g s was
s i m i l a r to that noted f o r the e n t ir e in d u s try ; that is , e a r n in g s w e r e l o w e s t f o r
e m p l o y e e s in the South and h ig h e s t f o r those in the W e s t.
E m p l o y e e s in the
N o r t h e a s t r e g i s t e r e d n ext to the h ig h e s t e a r n in g s .
The r e l a t i v e w a ge ad van tage
o f e m p l o y e e s in the W e s t o v e r th ose in the South ra n g e d f r o m 30 p e r c e n t in
a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s to 55 p e r c e n t in fo o d s t o r e s , c o m p a r e d w ith an
in d u s t r y w id e advan tage o f 40 p e r c e n t .
No r e la t io n s h ip a p p e a r e d to e x i s t b e ­
tw e e n this d i f f e r e n t i a l and the l e v e l o f e a r n in g s in the m a j o r gro u p .
For ex ­
a m p le , the S o u th -W e s t d i f f e r e n t i a l w as 30 p e r c e n t in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y
s t o r e s --- the l o w e s t p a y in g grou p--- and 35 p e r c e n t in fu rn itu re and ap p lian ce s t o r e s
w h ic h r e c o r d e d the h ig h e s t a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l .
The sharp c o n t r a s t b e t w e e n the
South and the o th e r r e g i o n s , h o w e v e r , is h ig h lig h te d when the r e l a t i v e d i f f e r e n t i a l
am on g the o th e r r e g io n s is e x a m in e d . The i n t e r r e g i o n a l v a r i a t i o n e x c lu d in g the
South, r a n g e d f r o m 11 to 29 p e r c e n t , and in fo u r o f the gro u ps it w as 18 p e r c e n t
o r l e s s , as shown b e lo w .

________ Interregional wage differentials________
Including the South

Major industry group
Building m aterials, hardware, and farm
equipment d e a le r s ----------------------------------General merchandise stores------------------------Food s tores-----------------------------------------------Autom otive dealers and gasoline service
stations--------------------------------------------------Apparel and accessory stores ----------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household
appliance s to r e s -------------------------------------Miscellaneous retail stores---------------------------




Cents-perhour

Percent

Excluding the South
Cents-perhour

Percent

$0.91
.49
. 90

54
31
55

$0. 53
.32
.5 7

26
18
29

.63
.4 4

35
30

.25
.2 0

11
12

.66
.68

35
42

.26
.4 9

12
27

9

In 3 o f the 4 r e g i o n s , e m p l o y e e s in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s w e r e the
l o w e s t paid. In the n otab le e x c e p t io n , the N o r t h e a s t , e m p l o y e e s in g e n e r a l m e r ­
chan dise s t o r e s had the lo w e s t a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l .
On the o th e r hand, in the
N o r t h e a s t , South, and N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g i o n s , e m p l o y e e s in fu r n itu r e s t o r e s had
the h ig h e s t p a y l e v e l ; but in the W e s t , those at b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e ,
and f a r m e q u ip m e n t d e a l e r s a v e r a g e d the m o s t.
The d is t r ib u tio n o f e m p l o y e e s am on g the s e v e n m a j o r gro u ps was s i m i l a r
am ong the r e g io n s and, thus, did not a p p e a r to be a f a c t o r in flu e n c in g the r e ­
g io n a l w a g e l e v e l s .

M e t r o p o l i t a n and N o n m e t r o p o lita n A r e a s .
C o m m u n ity s iz e a ls o a p p e a r e d
to in flu en c e the l e v e l o f e m p l o y e e e a r n in g s in e a c h m a j o r r e t a i l in d u s try .
In
e a c h gro u p the e m p l o y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s e a r n e d s u b s t a n tia lly m o r e than
th ose in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s ; the amount o f the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l ra n g e d f r o m
37 cents in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s to 54 cents at a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s and
g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s ta tio n s . In m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ra n g e d
f r o m $ 1 . 8 0 an hour in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s to $ 2 . 3 2 an hour in both
the a u to m o tiv e d e a le r s h ip s and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s tations gro u p and the fu rn itu re
and a p p lia n ce s t o r e s g ro u p .
In n o n m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s the a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
ra n g e d f r o m $ 1 .4 1 an h o u r, ag ain in a p p a r e l s t o r e s , to $ 1 . 8 4 an hour in f u r ­
n itu re s t o r e s .
W h e r e a s e a r n in g s in e a c h gro u p w e r e h ig h e r f o r th ose e m p l o y e e s in m e t ­
r o p o lit a n a r e a s , the p a y l e v e l s o f the h ig h e r p ayin g gro u p s in n o n m e t r o p o lita n
a r e a s w e r e s o m e t i m e s h ig h e r than th ose o f the l o w e r p a y in g gro u p s in m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a s .
F o r e x a m p le , the $ 1 . 8 4 an hour a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l f o r n o n m e t ­
r o p o lit a n a r e a e m p l o y e e s at fu rn itu re s t o r e s was 4 cents h ig h e r than the a v e r ­
age r e p o r t e d b y m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a e m p l o y e e s in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s .
U n lik e wh at w a s n o te d on a r e g i o n a l b a s is , the d i f f e r e n c e s b e t w e e n the m e t ­
r o p o lit a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a w a g e l e v e l s a p p e a r e d to be s o m e w h a t r e l a t e d
to in d u s t r y m ix .
W hen e m p lo y e e s in n o n m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s
a r e d is t r ib u te d
am on g the m a j o r gro u p s in the s am e p r o p o r t io n s as e m p l o y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s and the s a m e n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a a v e r a g e is m a in t a in e d f o r e a c h gro u p ,
the o v e r a l l r e t a i l a v e r a g e in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s d e c lin e s b y 6 c e n ts , f r o m
$ 1 . 6 7 to $ 1 . 6 1 an h our. T h is d e c r e a s e is due, in p a r t , to the i n c r e a s e d p r o ­
p o r t io n o f e m p l o y e e s in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s and a p p a r e l s t o r e s , w h ic h
was in tr o d u c e d into the n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a a v e r a g e .
T h o s e e m p l o y e e s when
A verage hourly earnings
__________ o f em ployees in—
____________

M ajor industry group
Building m aterials, hardware, and farm equipment dealers---General merchandise stores-----------------------------------------------Food s tores---------------------------------------------------------------------Autom otive dealers and gasoline service stations-----------------Apparel and accessory stores---------------------------------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household appliance
stores — -----------------------------------------------------------------------M iscellaneous retail stores-------------------------------------------------




Metropolitan
areas

Nonmetropolitan
areas

$2. 28
1. 84
2. 14
2.32
1.80

$1.81
1.47
1.63
1.78
1.41

2.32
2.01

1.84
1.63

10

c o m b in e d ac c ou n te d f o r 23 p e r c e n t o f the n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a e m p lo y m e n t b e ­
f o r e the t r a n s p o s it io n and 36 p e r c e n t a f t e r it.
In ad d ition , th ose i n c r e a s e s in
the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a id e m p lo y e e s w e r e a c c o m p a n ie d b y d e c lin e s in the
p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s in two h ig h e r p a yin g in d u s t r ie s — f r o m 13 to 5 p e r c e n t
at b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e , and f a r m e q u ip m e n t d e a l e r s , and f r o m 24 to
17 p e r c e n t at a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s ta tio n s .

M e n and W o m e n . In e a c h m a j o r gro u p m e n e a r n e d s u b s t a n tia lly m o r e than
w o m e n ; the am ount o f the d i f f e r e n t i a l r a n g e d f r o m 38 cents an hour in b u ild in g
m a t e r i a l s d e a l e r s to 64 cents an hour in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s .
No r e ­
la tio n s h ip a p p e a r e d to e x i s t b e t w e e n the m a j o r g r o u p 's l e v e l o f e a r n in g s and the
am ount b y w h ic h m e n 's e a r n in g s e x c e e d e d w o m e n 's .
S o m e r e la t io n s h ip w a s
e v id e n t b e t w e e n the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o m e n e m p lo y e d by a m a j o r gro u p and the
l e v e l o f e a r n in g s o f the gro u p .
F o r e x a m p le , w o m e n ac c ou n te d f o r no m o r e
than t h r e e - t e n t h s o f the e m p l o y e e s in e a c h o f the t h r e e h ig h e s t p a yin g gro u ps
but f o r s e v e n - t e n th s o f the e m p l o y e e s in e a c h o f the two l o w e s t p a y in g g ro u p s .

T he p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l s b e t w e e n m e n and w o m e n r e f l e c t t h e ir d i f f e r e n t o c c u ­
p a tio n a l r e q u i r e m e n t s .
In e a c h o f the s e v e n m a j o r in d u s t r y gro u p s w o m e n a re
e n g a g e d m o r e o fte n in o f f i c e and c l e r i c a l w o r k than s a le s . W o m e n who a r e e m ­
p lo y e d as s a le s p e o p le f r e q u e n t l y s e l l l o w e r p r i c e d m e r c h a n d is e such as c o s ­
m e t i c s , w o m e n 's c lo th in g , and a c c e s s o r i e s . A su b sta n tia l p r o p o r t i o n o f the m e n ,
on the o th e r hand, a r e s a l e s m e n and t h e r e f o r e a r e in a p o s it io n to e a r n s u b ­
s ta n tia l c o m m i s s i o n s on s a le s o f high p r i c e d m e r c h a n d is e such as a u to m o b ile s ,
f u r n it u r e , and h o u s eh o ld a p p lia n c e s .
Average hourly earnings o f—
Major industry group
Building materials, hardware, and farm equipment dealers
General merchandise stores----------------------------------------Food stores---------------------------------------------------------------Autom otive dealers and gasoline service stations-----------Apparel and accessory stores---------------------------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household appliance
s to r e s --------------------------------------------------------------------Miscellaneous retail stores-------------------------------------------

Men

Women

$ 2. 20
2 .2 0
2. 15
2. 17

$ 1. 72
1. 56
1. 76
1. 76

2.07

1.55

2.36
2. 15

1. 74
1.54

S ales V o l u m e .
The e a r n in g s b y v o lu m e o f s a le s r e la t io n s h ip s noted f o r
a ll r e t a i l tr a d e a ls o w e r e tr u e , in m o s t c a s e s , f o r e a c h o f the m a j o r r e t a i l
groups.
A s shown in the f o llo w in g tabu lation, in 4 o f 7 m a j o r g r o u p s , e m p l o y ­
e e s in the h ig h e s t v o lu m e e n t e r p r i s e s had the h ig h e s t l e v e l o f e a r n in g s .
In
a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s , fu rn itu re and ap p lian ce s t o r e s , and m i s c e l l a n e o u s
r e t a i l s t o r e s , the e x c e p t io n s , e m p lo y e e s in e n t e r p r i s e s that had b e t w e e n $ 500, 000
and $ 1 m i l l i o n in s a le s a v e r a g e d at l e a s t 7 cents an hour m o r e than those in the
$1 m i l l i o n e n t e r p r i s e s .
In e a c h o f the s e v e n gro u p s e m p l o y e e s in the l o w e s t
v o lu m e e n t e r p r i s e s had the l o w e s t l e v e l o f e a r n in g s . A n in t e r in d u s t r y c o m p a r i s o n
r e v e a l e d that e m p l o y e e s in the l o w e s t v o lu m e e n t e r p r i s e s o f two o f the h ig h e s t
p a yin g m a j o r g ro u p s , f u r n itu r e and b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s , a v e r a g e d at l e a s t as m u ch
as those in the h ig h e s t p a y in g e n t e r p r i s e s o f the two lo w e s t p a y in g g r o u p s , g e n ­
e r a l m e r c h a n d is e and a p p a r e l.



11

A verage hourly earnings o f em ployees in
enterprises with annual sales o f—
_____

M ajor industry group
Building m aterials, hardware, and farm
equipment dealers----------------------------------General merchandise stores----------------------Food stores---------------------------------------------Autom otive dealers and gasoline service
stations------------------------------------------------Apparel and accessory s tores---------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household
appliance s to r e s -----------------------------------M iscellaneous retail stores-------------------------

A verage

$1,000,000
or
more

$500,000
to
$1,000,000

$250,000
to
$500,000

Less
than
$250,000

$2.23
1.82
2. 24

$2.09
1.59
1. 73

$2„ 02
1.51
1. 79

$1. 84
1.30
10 56

2.58
1.76

2. 13
1.84

1.90
1. 75

1.63
1.63

2.31
1.92

2.38
2.01

2. 24
1.99

1. 99
1. 80

H o u r l y E a r n in g s — S e l e c t e d Indust r i e s

E a c h m a j o r r e t a i l in d u s t r y gro u p c o m p r i s e s s e v e r a l in d u s t r ie s .
T h e re fo re ,
i n t e r i n d u s t r y d i f f e r e n c e s in pay l e v e l s and e a r n in g s d is t r ib u tio n s w h ic h r e s u lt ,
am on g o th e r th in gs, f r o m d i f f e r e n c e s in s k i l l r e q u i r e m e n t s and m e th o d s o f w a g e
p a y m e n t a r e s o m e t i m e s m a s k e d when a m a j o r grou p is e x a m in e d in its e n t i r e l y
and its c o m p o n en t in d u s t r ie s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
T w o e x a m p le s a re r e a d i l y
a v a ila b le — the a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e stations m a j o r gro u p ,
and the g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s m a j o r gro u p.
N e a r l y o n e - h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s in the a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s and g a s o lin e
stations g ro u p w o r k e d at m o t o r v e h i c l e d e a le r s and n e a r l y t w o - f if t h s w o r k e d at
g a s o lin e s ta tio n s .
M o s t m o t o r v e h i c l e d e a le r s e m p l o y a l a r g e p r o p o r t i o n o f
h ig h ly s k i l l e d a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic s and a u to m o b ile s a l e s m e n and f r e q u e n t l y p a y
th em on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is .
The t y p ic a l job at a g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s tation,
on the o th e r hand, r e q u i r e s r e l a t i v e l y lit t le s k i l l o r e x p e r i e n c e , and e m p l o y e e s
in th e s e jo b s u s u a lly a r e p a id on a h o u r ly b a s is .
E m p l o y e e s at m o t o r v e h i c l e
d e a l e r s e a r n e d an a v e r a g e o f $ 2 . 5 7 an hour, 99 cents an hour m o r e than th ose
at g a s o lin e s ta tio n s . A m o n g e m p l o y e e s at m o t o r v e h i c l e d e a l e r s o n ly o n e - t w e lf t h
e a r n e d le s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an o v e r t w o - fif t h s r e c e i v e d at l e a s t $ 2 . 5 0 an hour.
B y c o n t r a s t , o n e - f i f t h o f the g a s o lin e s tation e m p l o y e e s e a r n e d l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5
and f e w e r than o n e - t w e l f t h w e r e p a id as m uch as $ 2 . 5 0 an hour.
S i m i l a r c ir c u m s t a n c e s p r e v a i l e d in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s .
D ep a rt­
m e n t s t o r e s , w h ic h ac c ou n te d f o r about t h r e e - f i f t h s o f the e m p lo y m e n t in g e n e r a l
m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s , h ir e s k i l l e d and k n o w le d g e a b le s a l e s m e n to s e l l it e m s such
as f u r n it u r e , a p p lia n c e s , and the m o r e e x p e n s iv e lin o s o f c lo th in g . T h e s e e m ­
p l o y e e s f r e q u e n t l y a r e p a id on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is .
In l i m i t e d p r i c e v a r i e t y
s t o r e s , w h ic h e m p l o y e d o n e - s ix t h o f the e m p l o y e e s in the m a j o r gro u p , s k i l l
and e x p e r i e n c e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r m o s t jo b s a r e m i n i m a l and e m p l o y e e s a r e p a id
p r i m a r i l y on an h o u r ly b a s is .
D e p a r tm e n t s t o r e e m p l o y e e s e a r n e d an a v e r a g e
o f $ 1 . 8 9 an h our, and e x c e e d e d the e a r n in g s o f v a r i e t y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s by 46
cents an hour.
V i r t u a l l y none (2 p e r c e n t ) of the
departm ent store e m p lo ye e s
e a r n e d le s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an h our; m o r e than o n e - f o u r t h e a r n e d at l e a s t $ 2 .
V a r i e t y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s w e r e c o n c e n t r a t e d in the l o w e r r e a c h e s o f the p a y s c a l e ;
n e a r l y o n e - f i f t h e a r n e d le s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an hour and l e s s than o n e -t e n th e a r n e d
as m u ch as $2 an hour.



12

O ften when the jo b r e q u i r e m e n t s and m e th o d s o f w a g e p a y m e n ts a r e s i m i l a r ,
the l e v e l and d is t r ib u t io n o f e a r n in g s in c o m p o n en t in d u s t r ie s o f a m a j o r gro u p
are s im ila r.
F o r e x a m p le , e m p l o y e e s a v e r a g e d $ 2 .2 1 an hour in f u r n itu r e and
e q u ip m e n t s t o r e s and $ 2 . 1 5 in h o u s eh o ld a p p lia n c e s t o r e s , both p a r t o f the f u r ­
n itu re and h o u s eh o ld a p p lia n c e m a j o r g ro u p , w h e r e e a r n in g s w e r e $2. 19 an h ou r.

T h e w a g e r e la t io n s h ip s noted a m on g the v a r io u s s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s —
r e g i o n s , m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , m e n and w o m e n , and e n t e r p r i s e
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s a le s s i z e c l a s s e s f o r the m a j o r g ro u p s ----a ls o w e r e found, in
m o s t c a s e s , f o r the s e l e c t e d kinds o f r e t a i l business*, A f e w n o te w o r th y e x c e p ­
tions e x is t; in shoe s t o r e s , f o r e x a m p l e , e a r n in g s in the N o r t h e a s t and W e s t
w e r e id e n t ic a l.
(S ee ta b le 270)
W o m e n in s o m e o f the h ig h e r p a y in g gro u p s
a v e r a g e d m o r e than m e n in the l o w e r p a y in g g r o u p s , as shown in the f o llo w in g
tabu lation .
T h is d i f f e r e n c e did not e x i s t a m on g the m a j o r g r o u p s 0 Shoe s t o r e

A vera ge hourly earnings of em ployees by selected characteristics
Nonm etropolitan
areas

Men

W om en

$1.91
1.50
2. 18
2. 86
1.69

$1. 75
1.26
1.63
2.05
1.38

$2.37
1. 74
2. 14
2.64
1.60

$1.65
1.38
1. 83
1.91
1.34

S h o e s t o r e s ----------------------------------

2.02
1.63
1. 92

1. 71
1.34
1.47

2. 16
1. 75
2.00

1.63
1. 54
1. 50

Furniture, home furnishings, and
equipment stores ------------------Household appliance s to r e s -------Drug and proprietary s to r e s --------

2.35
2. 24
1.82

1. 80
1.97
1.53

2.38
2.31
2. 20

1. 77
1.62
1.45

Line of retail business
Department s tores--------------------Lim ited price variety stores -----Grocery s to r e s -------------------------Motor ve h ic le dealers -------------Gasoline service s ta tio n s ----------Men's and boys' clothing and
furnishings stores ------------------W om en's ready-to-w ear stores —

M etropolitan
areas

Enterprises with sales o f—

Establishments with sales o f—

$1,000,000
$500,000 $250,000
Less
or
to
to
than
more
$1,000, 000 $500, 000 $250, 000
Department stores-------------------Lim ited price variety stores------Grocery stores--------------------------Motor veh icle dealers--------------Gasoline service stations-----------Men's and boys' clothing and
furnishings stores-------------------Women's ready-to-w ear stores —
Shoe stores-----------------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and
equipment stores-------------------Household appliance s to r e s ------Drug and proprietary s to r e s ------- 1

$150,000
to
$250,000

Less
than
$250,000

$1.90
1.48
2. 25
2. 79
1. 72

$1.59
1.12
1.71
2. 23
1.67

(!)
1.27
1.67
1. 96
1.71

$1.66
1. 12
1.40
2.07
1.52

$1.90
1.51
2.15
2.61
1.79

$1.59
1.31
1.59
2.19
1.59

$1.46
1.07
1.44
1.92
1.48

2.03
1.60
1. 79

2.02
1.59
1.97

2.01
1.56
1.98

1.87
1.51
1.75

2. 05
1.62
2.05

2. 03
1.52
1.94

1. 74
1.45
1.65

2.37
2.22
1. 78

2. 38
2.28
1. 74

2. 23
2. 16
1. 85

2.00
2.03
1.65

2. 35
2. 26
1.83

2.04
2. 20
1.66

1.96
1.93
1.63

1 Insufficient data to warrant presentation.




$250,000
or
more

13

and d ru g and p r o p r i e t o r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s in e n t e r p r i s e s that had b e tw e e n $250,000
and $ 5 0 0 ,0 0 0 in s a l e s , and fu r n itu r e and equ ip m e n t s t o r e and h ou seh old a p p lia n ce
s t o r e e m p lo y e e s in e n t e r p r i s e s that had annual s a le s o f b e tw e e n $ 5 0 0 ,0 0 0 and
$1 m i l l i o n e a rn e d m o r e than th o s e in the h ig h e s t v o lu m e e n t e r p r i s e s .

W e e k ly H o u rs

of W ork — A l l R eta il T ra d e

R e t a i l t r a d e e m p lo y e e s a v e r a g e d a 36. 3 -hou r w o r k w e e k in June 1966.
A
4 0 -h o u r w o r k w e e k is a c o m m o n ly a c c e p te d s chedule and m o r e e m p l o y e e s , 1,827,000
o r o n e - f o u r t h o f the w o r k f o r c e , w o r k e d th e s e h ours than any o th e r s in g le s et
o f h o u rs . P a r t - t i m e w o r k ( l e s s than 35 h ours a w e e k ) and r e l a t i v e l y long w o r k ­
w e e k s (48 h ours o r m o r e ) a ls o a r e c o m m o n — th r e e - te n t h s and o n e - s ix t h o f the
e m p l o y e e s , r e s p e c t i v e l y , w o r k e d such h o u rs .
(See ta b le 7 . )
A m o n g the fo u r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s a v e r a g e w e e k l y hours ra n g ed f r o m 33. 9
in the N o r t h e a s t to 38. 9 in the South. O n e - h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s in the N o r t h ­
eas t— the l a r g e s t p r o p o r t i o n o f any r e g io n — w o r k e d le s s than 40 h ours a w e e k ,
and c o n trib u te d to this re g io n *s r e l a t i v e l y lo w l e v e l o f w e e k ly h o u rs.
In the
W e s t , w h e r e the w o r k w e e k a v e r a g e d 36.1 h o u rs , o n e - t h ir d o f the e m p l o y e e s ,
the l a r g e s t p r o p o r t i o n o f any r e g io n , w o r k e d a 4 0 -h ou r w e e k ; as a r e s u lt , this
was the o n ly r e g io n in w h ic h m o r e e m p lo y e e s w o r k e d 40 hours than p a r t t im e .
T h e length o f the a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k in the South is a ttrib u ta b le to the f a c t that
o v e r t w o - f if t h s o f the e m p lo y e e s w o r k e d m o r e than 40 hours a w e e k and o n e fou rth w o r k e d 48 hours o r m o r e , g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n s than in any o th e r r e g io n .
T h e d is t r ib u tio n o f h ours in the N o r t h C e n t r a l m o s t c l o s e l y c o n f o r m e d to the
n ation w id e p a tte r n ; the w o r k w e e k a v e r a g e d 36. 2 h o u rs.
E m p l o y e e s in n o n m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s a v e r a g e d 39.0 hours d u rin g the s u r v e y
w e e k , 3. 6 hours m o r e than those in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
S e v e n out o f 10 e m ­
p lo y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s w o r k e d 40 hours o r l e s s , and o n ly 1 out o f 2 e m ­
p l o y e e s w o r k e d such h ou rs in the s m a l l e r a r e a s .
(S ee ta b le 8 .)

A m o n g the r e g i o n s , the length o f the w o r k w e e k in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s ra n g ed
f r o m 33. 6 h ours in the N o r t h e a s t to 38 h ours in the South; and in n o n m e t r o p o lita n
a r e a s f r o m 35. 5 h ou rs to 40. 5 hours in the s a m e two r e g io n s .
In each r e g io n ,
n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a w o r k e r s a v e r a g e d l o n g e r w o r k w e e k s than m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a
w orkers.
T h e d i f f e r e n t i a l was 2. 5 h ours o r l e s s in t h r e e o f the r e g i o n s , s m a l l e r
than on a n a tio n w id e b a s is .
In the N o r t h C e n tr a l r e g io n , e m p lo y e e s in the
s m a l l e r p op u la ted a r e a s w o r k e d 4. 7 h ours m o r e than th ose in the l a r g e r a r e a s .
T h is r e g io n had next to the l a r g e s t p r o p o r t i o n o f m e t r o p o lit a n e m p lo y e e s w o r k in g
p a r t t im e and n ext to the l a r g e s t p r o p o r t i o n o f n o n m e t r o p o lita n e m p lo y e e s w o r k in g
long h o u rs .
M e n a v e r a g e d 38. 6 h ou rs d u rin g the s u r v e y w e e k , 5. 4 h ours m o r e than
women.
(S ee ta b le 9. )
W o m e n con stitu ted a d i s p r o p o r t i o n a t e l y l a r g e p a r t o f the
p a r t - t i m e w o r k f o r c e ; m e n g e n e r a l l y w o r k e d the l o n g e r h o u rs .
T w o - f i f t h s o f the
w o m e n , c o m p a r e d w ith o n e - f o u r t h o f the m e n , w o r k e d on a p a r t - t i m e b a s is .
A lth ou gh , o v e r a l l , w o m e n a ccou n ted f o r 3 out o f 7 e m p l o y e e s , th ey accou n ted
f o r 1 out o f 2 p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s .
On the o th e r hand, o n e - f o u r t h o f the m e n
but o n ly 5 p e r c e n t o f the w o m e n w o r k e d 48 h ours a w e e k o r m o r e , and th e s e
1. 1 m i l l i o n m e n c on stitu ted a ll but o n e - e ig h t h o f the e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g lon g h o u rs.




14

On a r e g i o n a l b a s i s , the len gth o f the w o r k w e e k f o r m e n ra n g e d f r o m 36. Z
h ours in the N o r t h e a s t to 41. Z h o u rs in the South and f o r w o m e n f r o m 30.7 to
35. 6 h ours in the s a m e two r e g io n s .
T h e p a t t e r n o f h ours w o r k e d by m e n and
w o m e n d i f f e r e d o n ly in d e g r e e f r o m the n a tio n w id e p a tt e r n .
T h e o n ly r e g i o n in
w h ich m o r e than o n e - s i x t h o f the w o m e n w o r k e d l o n g e r than 40 h ours w as the
South, w h e r e o n e - f o u r t h w o r k e d such h o u rs ; th ey accou n ted f o r 1 out o f 4 w o m e n
in the N a tio n who w o r k e d l o n g e r than 40 h o u rs .
S i m i l a r l y , the South w a s the
o n ly r e g i o n in w h ic h the p r o p o r t i o n o f m e n w o r k in g 48 h ou rs o r m o r e (o n e - t h ir d )
was g r e a t e r than the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g le s s than 40 h ours (o n e - f o u r t h ).
L i t t l e r e la t io n s h ip a p p e a r e d to e x is t b e t w e e n the len g th o f the a v e r a g e
w o r k w e e k and e n t e r p r i s e s i z e .
E m p l o y e e s in e n t e r p r i s e s that had $1 m i l l i o n
o r m o r e in annual s a le s and th o s e in e n t e r p r i s e s that had le s s than $ Z 5 0 ,0 0 0
in s a le s a v e r a g e d the s h o r t e s t w o r k w e e k s , 3 5.5 and 36.0 h o u r s , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
E m p l o y e e s in the m e d iu m v o lu m e e n t e r p r i s e s had the lo n g e s t w e e k s , 3 9.6 and
3 8.3 h o u rs .
(S ee ta b le 1 0 .)
T h e p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g p a r t t im e ra n g ed f r o m Z3 p e r c e n t in
e n t e r p r i s e s that had s a le s o f b e t w e e n $ 5 0 0 ,0 0 0 and $1 m i l l i o n to 36 p e r c e n t in
e n t e r p r i s e s that had le s s than $ Z 5 0 ,0 0 0 in s a l e s .
W o r k w e e k s o f e x a c t ly 40 h ours
w e r e m o s t c o m m o n in the l a r g e s t e n t e r p r i s e s w h e r e th r e e - t e n t h s o f the e m p lo y e e s
w o r k e d such s c h e d u le s ; h o w e v e r , b e t w e e n o n e - f i f t h and o n e - f o u r t h w o r k e d such
h ou rs in the s m a l l e r e n t e r p r i s e s .
L o n g w o r k w e e k s w e r e found m o s t f r e q u e n t ly
in the tw o e n t e r p r i s e g ro u p s that had m e d iu m s a le s v o lu m e , w h e r e Z7 and Z6 p e r ­
cen t w o r k e d at l e a s t 48 h ou rs a w e e k .
E m p l o y e e s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts that had s a le s o f b e tw e e n $150,000 and $Z50,000
a v e ra g e d a lo n ger w ork w eek,
36. 9 h o u rs , than e m p l o y e e s in e it h e r the l a r g e s t
o r s m a l l e s t v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n ts , 3 6.5 h ou rs and 35.5 h o u r s , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
(S ee ta b le 1 1 .)
L o n g w o r k w e e k s o f 48 h ou rs o r m o r e and a 4 0 -h o u r w e e k o c ­
c u r r e d w ith eq u a l f r e q u e n c y am on g the two l o w e r v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n t s ; about
o n e - f i f t h o f each g ro u p w o r k e d th e s e h o u rs .
P a r t - t i m e w o r k o c c u p ie d n e a r l y t w o fifth s o f the e m p l o y e e s in the lo w e s t v o lu m e gro u p and about o n e - t h ir d o f th o se
in the m e d iu m v o lu m e g ro u p .
E q u a l p r o p o r t io n s o f the e m p l o y e e s in the h ig h e s t
v o lu m e gro u p ( t h r e e - t e n t h s ) w o r k e d f e w e r than 35 h o u r s , 40 h o u r s , and o v e r 40
h ou rs a w e e k .
O n e - s ix t h o f the e m p lo y e e s w o r k e d 48 h ours a w e e k o r m o r e .
E m p l o y e e s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts g e n e r a l l y s u b je c t to the m a x im u m h ours p r o ­
v is io n s o f the F a i r L a b o r Standards A c t w o r k e d 3 4.5 h ours a w e e k , on an a v e r ­
a g e , and th ose in e s t a b lis h m e n ts g e n e r a l l y not s u b je c t to F L S A w o r k e d 3 6 .4 h ours
a week.
A b o u t o n e - t h i r d o f the e m p lo y e e s in each gro u p w o r k e d p a r t t im e .
T h r e e - t e n t h s o f the s u b je c t grou p and o n e - f o u r t h o f the n o n s u b je ct grou p w o r k e d
a 4 0 -h o u r w e e k .
H o w e v e r , the m a x im u m h ours s t a n d a r d 5 a p p e a r e d to h ave
l i t t l e e f f e c t on the len g th o f the w o r k w e e k .
In the s e c t o r s u b je c t to
FLSA,
Z1 p e r c e n t w o r k e d o v e r 40 h ou rs a w e e k , but this p e r c e n t a g e was o n ly about
o n e - e ig h t h l o w e r than the l e v e l p r i o r to the date the hours stan d ard b e c o m e
o p e ra tiv e.
In the s e c t o r not s u b je c t to the act 36 p e r c e n t o f the e m p l o y e e s
w o r k e d o v e r 40 h o u r s , o n e - f if t h l e s s than in June 19&Z.

5
O vertim e protection was provided by requiring pay at 1 V 2
times the regular rate for hours worked
over 44 in a week beginning in September 1963, 42 hours beginning in September 1964, and 40 hours beginning in
September 1965.




15

A v e r a g e w e e k l y h ours a m on g e m p l o y e e s in the s e v e n m a j o r in d u s t r y grou ps
r a n g e d f r o m 3 3 .4 f o r th o s e in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s to 4 1 .7 f o r those
at b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e , and f a r m e q u ip m e n t d e a l e r s .
(See ta b le s 33
th rou gh 50. ) E m p l o y e e s at a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e stations and
in fu r n itu r e and a p p lia n c e s t o r e s had a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k s o f 4 1 .6 and 38.6 h o u rs ,
r e s p e c t i v e l y , and w e r e the o n ly o th e r s w h o s e w o r k w e e k e x c e e d e d the o v e r a l l
a v e r a g e o f 36. 3 h o u rs .
M a j o r G roups and S e l e c t e d I n d u s t r i e s . The th r e e m a j o r grou ps w h ic h had
the lo n g e s t a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k s e a c h had a s m a l l e r p r o p o r t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e e m ­
p l o y e e s than the o th e r g r o u p s , f e w e r than o n e - f o u r t h c o m p a r e d with at le a s t o n e th ird .
S i m i l a r l y , b e t w e e n t w o - f i f t h s and t h r e e - f i f t h s o f the f o r m e r e m p l o y e e s
w o r k e d l o n g e r than 40 h ours a w e e k ; am on g the fou r gro u p s w h ic h had l o w e r
a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k s no m o r e than t h r e e -tenths w o r k e d such h o u r s . The b u ild in g
m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e , and f a r m e q u ip m e n t d e a l e r s and the a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s
and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e statio n s gro u ps had l a r g e p r o p o r t io n s o f e m p l o y e e s who
w o r k e d 48 hours a w e e k o r m o r e , about one - t h ir d e ach. In the fu rn itu re g ro u p ,
one - f ift h o f the e m p l o y e e s w o r k e d as m u ch as 48 hours d urin g the w e e k ; am on g
the o th e r gro u ps the p r o p o r t io n s w h ic h had such hours w e r e s t i l l s m a l l e r . T o g e t h e r , b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s d e a l e r s , a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s , and fu rn itu re s t o r e s ,
w h ic h a c c o u n te d f o r th r e e -tenths o f a ll e m p l o y e e s in r e t a i l t r a d e , had 19 p e r c e n t
o f the r e t a i l e m p l o y e e s who w o r k e d l e s s than 35 hours a w e e k and 57 p e r c e n t o f
th ose who w o r k e d 48 h ours o r m o r e .
The r e la t io n s h ip b e t w e e n the r e g io n s w h ic h was noted f o r a ll r e t a i l tr a d e
( s h o r t e s t w o r k w e e k in the N o r t h e a s t , lo n g e s t in the South) g e n e r a l l y h eld true
f o r e a c h o f the m a j o r g r o u p s .
S i m i l a r l y , the r e la t io n s h ip b e t w e e n the m a j o r
g ro u p s on a n ation w id e b a s is g e n e r a l l y was p a r a l l e l e d in e a c h r e g io n ; e m p l o y e e s
at b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s d e a l e r s and a u to m o tiv e d e a le r s and g a s o lin e stations w o r k e d
the lo n g e s t h o u rs .
E m p l o y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s a v e r a g e d f e w e r hours o f
w o r k a w e e k than those in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , r e g a r d l e s s o f the m a j o r i n ­
d u s t r y g ro u p .
A verage w eek ly hours

M ajor industry group
Building materials, hardware, and farm
equipment d e a le r s ----------------------------------General merchandise stores------------------------Food s tores-----------------------------------------------Autom otive dealers and gasoline service
stations--------------------------------------------------Apparel and accessory stores-----------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household
appliance s to r e s --------------------------------------M iscellaneous retail stores---------------------------

M etropolitan
areas

Nonm etropolitan
areas

Men

Women

40.3
33. 1
33.5

43.4
35.3
35. 8

42. 9
35.6
34. 8

35.6
32.6
32. 7

40.9
33.4

43.2
33.6

42. 1
35. 1

36.6
32.6

38.0
34. 8

40.4
38.9

40.2
37.4

34. 7
34. 1

In ea c h m a j o r gro u p , m e n w o r k e d lo n g e r , on the a v e r a g e , than w o m e n .
The lo n g e s t w o r k w e e k s f o r m e n and w o m e n w e r e r e c o r d e d in the b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s and a u to m o tiv e m a j o r g ro u p s , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
The h igh a v e r a g e f o r m e n
in th e s e tw o gro u ps r e f l e c t s the l a r g e p r o p o r t io n s who w o r k e d 48 hours a w e e k



16

o r m o r e , about t w o - f if t h s in both gro u ps c o m p a r e d w it h no m o r e than th r e e tenths in the o t h e r s . The a v e r a g e f o r w o m e n in th e se two g r o u p s , on the o th e r
hand, r e f l e c t s the r e l a t i v e l y s m a l l p r o p o r t io n s w o r k in g p a r t t im e and l a r g e r
p r o p o r t io n s w o r k in g a 35- to 4 0 -h o u r w e e k .
In none o f the m a j o r gro u p s did
e v e n o n e -te n th o f the w o m e n w o r k as lo n g as 48 hours a w e e k .
No c o n s is t e n t r e la t io n s h ip w as in d ic a t e d b e t w e e n e n t e r p r i s e s iz e and the
le n g th o f the w o r k w e e k s am ong the m a j o r g r o u p s , as the f o l l o w i n g tabu lation
sh o w s. In e a c h m a j o r g ro u p , h o w e v e r , e m p l o y e e s in the h igh v o lu m e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts g e n e r a l l y w o r k e d lo n g e r h ours than those in the lo w v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
In e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t g ro u p in g the r e la t io n s h ip am on g the m a j o r gro u p s on the
b a s is o f the a v e r a g e le n g th o f the w o r k w e e k w a s s u b s t a n tia lly the s a m e as that
n o te d on an o v e r a l l b a s is .
Thu s, e m p lo y e e s at a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s and g a s o lin e
s tations and at b u ild in g m a t e r i a l s d e a le r s w o r k e d the l o n g e s t w e e k , and those
in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s and a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s w o r k e d the s h o r t ­
est week.
A verage w eekly hours o f employees in
enterprises with annual sales of—

M ajor industry group
Building materials, hardware, and farm
equipment d e a le r s ------------------------------General merchandise stores---------------------Food stores-------------------------------------------Autom otive dealers and gasoline service
stations----------------------------------------------Apparel and accessory stores-------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household
appliance s to r e s ----------------------------------Miscellaneous retail stores-----------------------

$1,000,000
or
more

$500,000
to
$1,000,000

$250,000
to
$500,000

Less
than
$250, 000

42.3
33.3
33.6

42. 7
37.0
35. 7

42.5
38.4
36.3

39. 7
32. 8
33. 8

42. 7
32.6

43.4
34.3

41.0
34.6

39.6
33.6

38. 1
37. 8

40.6
38.6

39. 7
36.2

37.4
34. 2

A m o n g the 11 s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y gro u ps the a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k r a n g e d f r o m
31. 9 hours in l i m i t e d p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s to 4 3 . 4 hours at m o t o r v e h ic le d e a l e r s ,
(See ta b le s 33 th ro u gh 5 0 . )
E m p lo y e e s in g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s ta tio n s ; f u r n it u r e ,
h o m e f u r n is h in g s , and e q u ip m e n t s t o r e s ; and h o u s eh o ld ap p lian ce s t o r e s , in
ad d ition to those at m o t o r v e h i c l e d e a l e r s , a v e r a g e d w o r k w e e k s in e x c e s s o f the
a l l - r e t a i l tr a d e a v e r a g e .
W ith the e x c e p t io n o f g a s o lin e s ta tio n s , w h e r e o n e t h ir d o f the e m p l o y e e s w o r k e d f e w e r than 35 h ours a w e e k , th e se gro u ps had
r e l a t i v e l y s m a l l p r o p o r t io n s o f p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s (no m o r e than o n e - f i f t h ) and
l a r g e p r o p o r t io n s (at l e a s t t w o - f i f t h s ) who w o r k e d o v e r 40 hours a w e e k . A m o n g
the r e m a in in g g ro u p s , at l e a s t t h r e e - te n t h s o f the e m p l o y e e s w o r k e d p a r t t i m e ,
but no m o r e than o n e - t h i r d w o r k e d o v e r 40 hours a w e e k .
G e n e r a l l y the r e la t io n s h ip s f o r the v a r io u s c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s w h ic h w e r e n oted
f o r a ll r e t a i l tr a d e and f o r the m a j o r gro u p s h e ld tru e f o r the in d u s t r y gro u p s
as w e l l .
In e a c h o f the 11 s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y gro u ps the lo n g e s t a v e r a g e w o r k ­
w e e k w as in the South, and the s h o r t e s t in the N o r t h e a s t . N o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a
w o r k e r s a v e r a g e d l o n g e r w e e k s than m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a w o r k e r s . In nine o f the
gro u p s m e n w o r k e d lo n g e r than w o m e n ; in w o m e n ’ s r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s and in
d ru g s t o r e s w o m e n a v e r a g e d l o n g e r w o r k w e e k s . In s e v e n o f the grou ps e m p l o y ­
e e s in the h ig h e s t s a le s v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n t s a v e r a g e d the lo n g e s t w o r k w e e k s ;




17

in the r e m a in in g f o u r , e m p l o y e e s in the m e d iu m v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e c o r d e d
the lo n g e s t w o r k w e e k s .
T h e s h o r t e s t w o r k w e e k w a s r e c o r d e d in the l o w e s t s a le s
v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in e v e r y gro u p e x c e p t w o m e n 's r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s w h e r e
the m e d iu m v o lu m e e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e c o r d e d the s h o r t e s t a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k .
Average

W e e k l y E a r n in g s

R e t a i l e m p l o y e e s a v e r a g e d $71. 13 a w e e k at s t r a i g h t - t i m e ra te s in June
1965. A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s r a n g e d f r o m $ 1 4 .6 3 f o r e m p l o y e e s who w o r k e d
le s s than 15 hours a w e e k to $ 9 9 .8 5 f o r th ose who w o r k e d 48 hours o r m o r e .
(See ta b le 1 4 .)
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s a r e d ep en d ent upon tw o v a r i a b l e s :
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , and the n u m b e r o f h ours w o r k e d durin g the w e e k .
N e v e r t h e l e s s , a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s w e r e found to v a r y d i r e c t l y w ith the
n u m b e r o f hours w o r k e d d u rin g the w e e k .
T hu s, d e s p ite l o w e r a v e r a g e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , s o m e e m p l o y e e s , b e c a u s e th e y w o r k e d a g r e a t e r n u m b e r o f h o u rs ,
w e r e able to e a r n m o r e (on a s t r a i g h t - t i m e b a s i s ) d u rin g the w e e k than o th e rs
who w o r k e d f e w e r hours at a h ig h e r ra te o f pay.
A m o n g the r e g i o n s , a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s r a n g e d f r o m $ 6 4 .8 8 in the
South to $ 8 4 . 5 4 in the W e s t .
The e a r n in g s d i f f e r e n t i a l b e t w e e n the South and
e a c h o f the o th e r r e g io n s w as n a r r o w e r on a w e e k l y than on an h o u r ly b a s is ,
and r e f l e c t e d the e f f e c t o f the l o n g e r a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k in the South on the w e e k l y
w a g e l e v e l th e r e .
In e a c h o f the r e g io n s the gro u p o f e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g le s s
than 15 h ours a w e e k r e g i s t e r e d the lo w e s t e a r n in g s ; th o se w o r k in g 48 h ours o r
m o r e r e g i s t e r e d the h ig h es t.
A n e x a m in a t io n o f the r e la t io n s h ip s b e t w e e n the v a r io u s s e l e c t e d in d u s try
gro u p s i l l u s t r a t e s the in t e r a c t io n o f h o u r ly e a r n in g s and w e e k ly h o u rs .
For
e x a m p le , gas sta tio n e m p l o y e e s , at $ 1 . 5 8 an h our, a v e r a g e d o n ly 2 cents m o r e
than e m p l o y e e s in w o m e n 's r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s . H o w e v e r , th e y w o r k e d n e a r l y
7 h ours a w e e k l o n g e r , on an a v e r a g e , than those in w o m e n 's r e a d y - t o - w e a r

M ajor industry group
Building m aterials, hardware, and farm equipment dealers--------------------------General merchandise stores----------------------------------------------------------------------Food stores--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Autom otive dealers and gasoline service stations----------------------------------------Apparel and accessory stores--------------------------------------------------------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household appliance stores------------------------M iscellaneous retail stores------------------------------------------------------------------------

Average w eek ly
earnings
$85.51
59. 23
68. 67
89.06
57. 58
84.51
68. 03

Selected industry group
Department stores-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Lim ited price variety stores--------------------------------------------------------------------Grocery s to r e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M otor veh ic le dealers------------------------------------------------------------------------------Gasoline service s ta tio n s -------------------------------------------------------------------------Men's and boys' clothing and furnishings s to r e s ------------------------------------------Women's ready-to-w ear stores ----------------------------------------------------------------Shoe stores--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and equipment stores-------------------------------------Household appliance s to r e s ----------------------------------------------------------------------Drug and proprietary s to r e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------




62. 53
45.51
69. 44
111. 69
62. 24
70.02
50. 71
60. 90
84.69
86. 36
57. 43

18

s t o r e s and thus h e ld a $12 advan tage in t e r m s o f w e e k l y e a r n in g s . On the o th e r
hand, gas s ta tio n e m p l o y e e s and d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e e m p l o y e e s a v e r a g e d about the
s a m e amounts on a w e e k l y b a s is — $ 6 2 . 2 4 and $ 6 2 . 5 3 , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
T h is s i m ­
i l a r i t y in the w e e k l y p a y l e v e l s h ides the f a c t that d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e e m p l o y e e s
h e ld a 31- c e n t (20 p e r c e n t ) h o u r ly p a y ad van tage o v e r gas s ta tio n e m p l o y e e s and
that gas s ta tio n e m p l o y e e s had to w o r k at l e a s t 6 h ours m o r e e a c h w e e k in o r d e r
to a c h ie v e the w e e k l y p a y o f d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
H o u r l y E a r n in gs

and W e e k l y H ou rs

R e t a i l tr a d e e m p l o y e e s w e r e g r o u p e d by t h e ir a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s and
w ith in e a c h e a r n in g s grou p d is t r ib u t e d b y t h e ir w e e k l y h ou rs o f w o r k . (See ta ble
12. ) A n e x a m in a t io n o f the data ta b u lated in this m a n n e r r e v e a l e d that am on g
the l o w e r p a id e m p l o y e e s (those p a id le s s than $ 1. 25 an h o u r), both p a r t - t i m e
w o r k and lon g w o r k w e e k s ( o v e r 42 h o u r s ) w e r e m o r e c o m m o n than a s ta n d a rd
w orkw eek.
H o w e v e r , am on g the h ig h e r p a id e m p l o y e e s the s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k
(40 to 42 h ou rs i n c l u s i v e ) w as m o r e c o m m o n , as shown b e lo w .

Under
$1.00

W eek ly hours
Under 3 5 ----------------------------------------------40 to 42 in c lu s iv e ---------------------------------Over 4 2 ------------------------------------------------48 and o v e r ------------------------------------------

Under
$1.25

Under
$1.35

$1.50
and
over

41
16
37
25

47
18
25
16

23
36
35
19

39
14
42
31

$2.

over

$2.50
and
over

$3.00
and
over

11
42
38
18

11
47
39
17

10
48
39
17

f'h.'

and

E m p l o y e e s w ith in e a c h of the fo u r r e g io n s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d in the s a m e
m a n n e r , and, although the e a r n in g s and hours r e la t io n s h ip s g e n e r a l l y f o l l o w e d
the o v e r a l l p a tte r n , s o m e n otab le d e v ia t io n s o c c u r r e d .
F o r e x a m p le , am on g
e m p l o y e e s e a r n in g le s s than $ 1. 25 an h our, p a r t - t i m e w o r k w a s m o r e c o m m o n
than lo n g h ours in e v e r y r e g i o n e x c e p t the South, w h e r e the r e v e r s e w a s tr u e .
The g e n e r a l te n d e n c y f o r e m p l o y e e s to w o r k l o n g e r h ours in the South than in
any o th e r r e g i o n p e r s i s t e d into the h ig h e s t e a r n in g s g ro u p .
O n ly in the South
did a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s p a id at l e a s t $3 an hour w o r k o v e r 42
h ours than w o r k e d f r o m 40 to 42 h o u rs , in c lu s iv e .

Percent earning—
Less than $1. 25

W eekly hours
Under 3 5 ---------------------------------------------40 to 42 in c lu s iv e --------------------Over 4 2 -------------------------------------------------A x cLIlCi U V c i
O n r\ n
t

_
.
■* — __ _ __ _ — — — — —

$3. 00 or more

Northeast

South

North
Central

West

Northeast

South

56
14
14
7

31
14
47
33

52
13
27
17

43
24
30
17

10
47
38
15

43
47
20

8

North
Central

West

9
47
43
19

12
53
32
16

G ro u p in g em p lo y e e s by the n u m b e r of h o u rs th ey w o r k e d each w e e k and then
d is t r ib u tin g th em by t h e ir a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s r e v e a l e d that e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y e e s w o r k in g p a r t t im e w e r e l o w e r than e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g a
4 0 -h o u r w e e k . (S ee ta b le 1 3 .) S i m i l a r l y , e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g a stan d ard 4 0 -h o u r
w e e k , who a v e r a g e d $ 2 . 2 0 an hour, h eld a d e c id e d w a g e a d van ta ge o v e r a ll o th e r
e m p l o y e e s , w ith the e x c e p t io n o f th o s e w o r k in g 44 and u n der 48 h o u rs , who a ls o
a v e r a g e d $ 2 . 2 0 an h ou r.



19

W eekly hours

Under
15

Item
A verage hourly earnings----------------------Percent earning:
Under $1. 2 5 ------------------------- --------Under $2. 0 0 ------------------------- --------$3. 00 and o v e r ---------------------- ---------

15 and
under
35

35 and
under
40

$1.57

$1.57

$1. 76

16
82
5

14
84
3

9
75
7

Over 40
and under
44

44 and
under
48

$2. 20

$2.03

$2. 20

$1.90

5
51
19

10
58
15

9
51
18

16
66
11

40

48
and
over

F o u r t e e n p e r c e n t o f th ose w o r k in g le s s than 35 h ours a w e e k e a r n e d l e s s
than $ 1 . 2 5 an h our; 15 p e r c e n t o f th ose w o r k in g 48 hours a w e e k o r m o r e had
such e a r n in g s .
B y c o n t r a s t, o n ly 5 p e r c e n t o f the e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g a 4 0 -h o u r
w e e k e a r n e d le s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an h our; 19 p e r c e n t e a r n e d $ 3 o r m o r e .
O n ly
4 p e r c e n t o f those w o r k in g p a r t t im e and 11 p e r c e n t o f th ose w o r k in g lo n g hours
e a r n e d as m u ch as $3 an hour.

Ch an ges i n A v e r a g e

H o u r ly E a r n i n gs,

June

1965—June

1966— A l l R e t a i l T r a d e

D u rin g the p e r i o d b e t w e e n June 1965 (the date o f the B u r e a u ’ s la s t s u r v e y
o f r e t a i l t r a d e ) and June 1966, e m p l o y e e s ' a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s r o s e b y
11 cents f r o m $ 1 . 8 5 to $ 1 . 9 6 o r b y 6 p e r c e n t .
T h is ad van ce in the p a y l e v e l
r e f l e c t s chan ges th rou gh ou t the p a y s c a le .
E a r n in g s f o r the m id d le h a lf o f the
w o r k f o r c e ra n g e d b e t w e e n $ 1 . 3 2 and $ 2 . 2 5 an hour in 1966, c o m p a r e d with the
ra n g e $ 1 . 2 7 —$ 2 . 1 3 an hour in 1965.
T hu s, d es p ite i n c r e a s e d e a r n in g s f o r the
l o w e s t p a id fo u rth o f the e m p l o y e e s , the d i f f e r e n t i a l s e p a r a t in g t h e ir
e a r n in g s
f r o m th ose o f the h ig h e s t p aid fo u rth w id e n e d b y 7 cen ts .
D u rin g this s a m e
p e r i o d m e d ia n e a r n in g s r o s e f r o m $ 1 . 5 4 to $ 1 . 6 3 an h our.
The p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s p a id l e s s than $ 1. 25 an hour d e c lin e d f r o m
c lo s e to o n e - f i f t h to about o n e -te n th .
L e s s d r a m a t ic cha n ges o c c u r r e d above
this poin t. F o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t i o n p a id le s s than $ 1 . 5 0 an hour d e c lin e d ,
f r o m 44 to 39 p e r c e n t , and the p r o p o r t i o n p aid at l e a s t $ 2 an hour ad v a n ce d ,
f r o m 30 to 34 p e r c e n t .
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s r o s e b y 9 cents in the N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n , b y
10 cents in the N o r t h e a s t , b y 12 cents in the W e s t , and b y 13 cen ts in the South.
In r e l a t i v e t e r m s , th e se i n c r e a s e s am ou n ted to 5 p e r c e n t in th r e e o f the r e g i o n s ,
but 8 p e r c e n t in the South.
Thus, the i n t e r r e g i o n a l w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l n a r r o w e d
s l i g h t l y on both an ab solu te and r e l a t i v e b a s is . The South, w h ic h had the g r e a t e s t
i n c r e a s e in e a r n in g s a b s o lu t e ly and r e l a t i v e l y , r e c o r d e d the g r e a t e s t a d van ces
am on g l o w e r p aid e m p l o y e e s ; the p r o p o r t i o n p aid le s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an h our, f o r
e x a m p le , d e c lin e d f r o m 38 to 21 p e r c e n t , c o m p a r e d w ith a d e c lin e o r no m o r e
than 9 p e r c e n t a g e points at this l e v e l am on g the t h r e e o th e r r e g i o n s .
A t the
s a m e t i m e , the South w as the o n ly r e g i o n in w h ic h th e r e was any n o t e w o r t h y
i n c r e a s e in the p r o p o r t i o n p a id b e t w e e n $ 1 . 2 5 and $ 1 . 3 0 an h our, f r o m 12 to
18 p e r c e n t .
F u r t h e r up the p a y s c a le changes w e r e n e a r l y id e n t ic a l, h o w e v e r .
F o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n e a r n in g at le a s t $ 2 an hour i n c r e a s e d b y 4 p e r ­
c e n ta g e points in the N o r t h e a s t and South and b y 3 points in the N o r t h C e n t r a l
and W e s t .



20
North
Central

West

$1.54
1.67

$1.85
1.94

$2. 22
2.34

4.6
3.3

24.4
18.2

12. 1
9 .2

3 .7
2.3

5.3
1. 1

2.6
o6

10.0
1.3

5 .4
1.3

1.8
.7

19.3
10.7

8.3
4 .5

37.6
20.8

19.8
11.3

6 .0
3.3

11.6
12. 7

14.9
10. 7

11.9
17.8

11.5
13.4

6 .0
6 .0

44.4
38.9

38. 1
32.7

62.4
55.2

44.9
40.2

24. 1
20.4

69.8
66.0

66.3
62.3

82.4
78.2

70.6
67.3

53.6
50.3

9.3
11.2

9 .0
10.7

4 .4
6. 1

8.3
10.2

19. 1
21.5

United
States

Item
Average hourly earnings:
1965 ----------------------------------1966 ----------------------------------Percent o f em ployees earning:
Under $1. 15:
1965 -----------------------------1966 -----------------------------$1. 15 and under $1. 20:
1965 -----------------------------1966 -----------------------------Under $1. 25:
1965 ------------------------1966 -----------------------------$1. 25 and under $1. 30:
1965 -----------------------------1966 -----------------------------Under $1. 50:
1965 -----------------------------1966 -----------------------------Under $2. 00:
1965 -----------------------------1966 -----------------------------$3. 00 or more:
1965 -----------------------------1966 ------------------------------

North­
east

$1.85
1.96

$1.95
2. 05

12.1
8.9

South

E a r n in g s f o r the N a t i o n 's r e t a i l e m p l o y e e s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s a d v a n ce d
b y 12 cents an hour f r o m $ 1 . 9 5 ; e a r n in g s in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s a d v a n ce d b y
10 cents an hour f r o m $ 1 . 5 7 , as the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the tw o a r e a s w id e n e d
a b s o lu t e ly and r e l a t i v e l y . T h e p r o p o r t i o n p a id le s s than $ 1. 25 an hour d e c r e a s e d

Item
Average hourly earnings:
-------------------------1965
1966
--------------------------Percent of employees earning:
Under $1. 15:
1965 ---------------------------1966 ---------------------------$1. 15 and under $1. 20:
1965 ---------------------------1966 ---------------------------Under $1.25:
1965 ---------------------------1966 -------------------------- $1. 25 and under $1. 30:
1965 ---------------------------1966 ---------------------------Under $1. 50:
1965 ---------------------------1966 ---------------------------Under $2.00:
1965 ---------------------------1966 ---------------------------$3. 00 or more:
1965 ---------------------------1966 ----------------------------




Metropolitan
areas

Nonmetropolitan
areas

$1.95
2.07

$1.57
1.67

7.8
5.3

24.7
19.5

4.9
.7

6.5
1.9

14.5
6.6

33.5
22.7

11.3
11.6

12.2
15.5

39.6
34.0

58.1
53.0

65.9
62.1

81.2
77.3

11.1
13. 1

4.2
5.7

21

in both a r e a s — f r o m 15 to 7 p e r c e n t in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s and f r o m 34 to 23
p e r c e n t in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s . A lth ou gh n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s a ccou n ted f o r
o n ly about o n e - f o u r t h o f the r e t a i l w o r k f o r c e , th ese a r e a s ac c ou n te d f o r one t h ir d o f the re d u c t io n in the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1.25 an hour.
L i t t l e change w a s noted in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s am on g e m p l o y e e s p a id b e t w e e n
$ 1. 25 and $ 1. 30 an hour, in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s the p r o p o r t i o n
w h ic h had
th e se e a r n in g s r o s e , f r o m 12 to 16 p e r c e n t .
T o w a r d the
upper end o f the p a y
s c a le , chan ges f o r both a r e a s w e r e n e a r l y id e n tic a l.
The a v e r a g e h o u r ly p a y l e v e l f o r m e n i n c r e a s e d b y
13 cents an hour b e ­
tw ee n s u r v e y s , 4 cents m o r e than the i n c r e a s e f o r w o m e n .
A t the l o w e r end
o f the p a y s c a le changes w e r e g r e a t e r am on g w o m e n .
F o r e x a m p le , the p r o ­
p o r t io n o f w o m e n p aid le s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an hour d e c lin e d b y 13 p e r c e n t a g e points
f r o m 26 p e r c e n t , and the p r o p o r t i o n o f m e n who had such e a r n in g s d e c lin e d b y
6 points f r o m 15 p e r c e n t .
Thu s, d i f f e r e n c e s at the l o w e r end o f the p a y s c a le
n a r r o w e d b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . A t the up p er end o f the s c a l e , h o w e v e r , d i f f e r e n c e s
b e t w e e n the d is trib u tio n s w id e n e d s om e w h a t.
The p r o p o r t i o n o f m e n e a r n in g at
l e a s t $3 an hour i n c r e a s e d f r o m 15 to 18 p e r c e n t ; the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o m e n who
had such e a r n in g s w as v i r t u a l l y unchanged.
Item
Average hourly earnings:
1965 -----------------------------1966 -----------------------------Percent o f employees earning:
Under $1. 15:
1965 -------------------------1966 ------------------------$1. 15 and under $1. 20:
1965 ------------------------1966 ------------------------Under $1.25:
1965 ------------------------1966 ------------------------$1. 25 and under $1. 30:
1965 -------------------------1966 ------------------------Under $1.50:
1965 -------------------------1966 -------------------------Under $2. 00:
1965 -------------------------1966 -------------------------$3.00 or more:
1965 -------------------------1966 --------------------------

Men

Women

$2.04
2.17

$1.52
1.61

10.5
7.6

14.4
10.8

3.3
.8

8. 1
1.4

15.0
9 .0

25.5
13.2

9 .4
10.0

14.5
16.2

34. 1
29.5

58.8
52.0

59.2
54. 8

84.8
81. 7

14.6
17.6

1.8
2.3

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y e e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s g e n e r a l l y s u b je c t
to the p r o v i s i o n s o f the F a i r L a b o r Standards A c t a d v a n c e d b y 9 cents f r o m
$ 1. 92; e a r n in g s f o r e m p l o y e e s in n o n s u b je c t e s t a b lis h m e n ts a d v a n ce d b y 12 cents
fro m $ 1 .6 8 .
The m a gn itu d e o f the i n c r e a s e in the n o n s u b je c t s e c t o r h ig h lig h ts
the in flu e n c e o f f a c t o r s o t h e r than the s ta tu to r y m in im u m w a g e , such as type
o f r e t a i l a c t iv it y , o c c u p a tio n a l r e q u ir e m e n t s , and m e th o d s o f w a g e p a y m e n t, on
the l e v e l o f e m p l o y e e e a r n in g s in r e t a i l tr a d e .
The p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s
s u b je c t to the act and e a r n in g l e s s than $ 1. 25 an hour d e c lin e d f r o m 12 to 1 p e r ­
cent b e t w e e n s u r v e y s , p a r t i a l l y as a r e s u lt o f the i n c r e a s e in the m in im u m w a ge



22

f r o m $1. 15 at the t im e o f the June 1965 s u r v e y to $ 1 . 2 5 an h our, e f f e c t i v e in
S e p t e m b e r 1965. C h an ges o c c u r r e d b e y o n d this p oin t; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r ­
tio n p a id l e s s than $ 1 . 3 0 an hour d e c r e a s e d f r o m 23 to 14 p e r c e n t .
Gains in
the s u b je c t s e c t o r w e r e n ot l i m i t e d to the l o w e r p a id e m p l o y e e s , although gains
am on g the h ig h e r p a id e m p l o y e e s w e r e not as d r a m a t ic .
F o r e x a m p le , the p r o ­
p o r t io n p a id at le a s t $ 2 an hour i n c r e a s e d f r o m 33 to 36 p e r c e n t and the p r o ­
p o r t i o n p a id at l e a s t $3 an hour i n c r e a s e d f r o m 10 to 11 p e r c e n t .
In the n o n s u b je c t s e c t o r , the p r o p o r t i o n of e m p l o y e e s p a id l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5
an hour d e c lin e d f r o m 27 to 19 p e r c e n t b e t w e e n s u r v e y s .
C h an ges at the upper
end o f the p a y s c a le r e s e m b l e d those in the s u b je c t s e c t o r .

Establishments

Item
A vera ge hourly earnings:
1965 -----------------------------1966 -----------------------------Percent o f em ployees earning:
Under $1. 15:
1965 ------------------------1966 ------------------------$1. 15 and under $1. 20:
1965 ------------------------1966 ------------------------Under $1. 25:
1965 ------------------------1966 ------------------------$1. 25 and under $1. 30:
1965 ------------------------1966 ------------------------Under $1. 50:
1965 ------------------------1966 ------------------------Under $2. 00:
1965 ------------------------1966 ------------------------$3. 00 or more:
1965 ------------------------1966 -------------------------

Subject to
FLSA

Not subject
to FLSA

$1.92

2 .0 1

$ 1.68
1.80

1.3
.9

21.4
16.2

8.2
.2

3 .4
1. 7

11.9
1.3

26.5
19. 1

11.3
13. 1

13.0
13.5

40.5
34. 7

50. 9
45.3

67.3
63. 9

76.0
71. 7

9.5
1 1 .2

6.8
8.9

The a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l i n c r e a s e d f o r e m p l o y e e s in e a c h o f the s e v e n m a j o r
r e t a i l tr a d e g ro u p s b y amounts ra n g in g f r o m 2 cents in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y
s t o r e s to 14 cents in both g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s and m i s c e l l a n e o u s r e t a i l
sto res.
E a r n in g s a d v a n c e d in the o th e r gro u p s b y at l e a s t 7 cents an h ou r.
M a j o r G ro u p s and S e l e c t e d I n d u s t r i e s.
L i t t l e c o n s is t e n t r e la t io n s h ip a p ­
p e a r e d to e x i s t b e t w e e n the am ount a m a j o r g r o u p ’ s p a y l e v e l i n c r e a s e d and its
p a y l e v e l in June 1965.
F o r e x a m p le , the g r e a t e s t i n c r e a s e in the p a y l e v e l
o c c u r r e d in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d i s e s t o r e s , w h ic h had the lo w e s t a v e r a g e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s in 1965, but the s m a l l e s t i n c r e a s e w a s in a p p a r e l s t o r e s w h ic h had
n e x t to the l o w e s t p a y l e v e l in 1965.



23

Cents- per-hour
increase,
1965—1966

Relative
increase,
percent

$1.63
1.70
1. 75
1.91

$0.14
.02
. 14
.11

8.6
1.2
8.0
5.8

1.98

.07

3.5

2. 02

. 12

5.9

2. 10

.09

4.3

Wage level,
June 1965

Major industry group
General merchandise stores-----------------------Apparel and accessory stores---------------------Miscellaneous retail stores------------------------Food stores------------------------------------------------Building materials, hardware, and farm
equipment dealers-----------------------------------Automotive dealers and gasoline service
stations---------------------------------------------------Furniture, home furnishings, and household
appliance stores--------------------------------------

The p r o p o r t io n s o f e m p l o y e e s p a id le s s than $ 1. 25 an hour d e c lin e d in each
o f the s e v e n g ro u p s . T he m o s t d r a m a t ic d e c lin e o c c u r r e d in g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e
s t o r e s , w h e r e the p r o p o r t i o n who had such e a r n in g s d e c lin e d f r o m 23 to 8 p e r c e n t .
A s shown in the f o l l o w i n g ta bu lation , ch a n ges o c c u r r e d throu gh ou t the w a g e d i s ­
t r ib u tio n s . F o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n s o f e m p l o y e e s p a id at l e a s t $2 an hour
i n c r e a s e d b y f r o m 3 to 5 p e r c e n t a g e points in s ix o f the g ro u p s and the p r o p o r ­
tions p a id at l e a s t $ 3 an h our i n c r e a s e d b y f r o m 1 to 3 points in the s a m e s ix ,
the a p p a r e l gro u p b e in g the n otab le e x c e p t io n .

Item
Percent o f em ployees earning:
Under $1.15:
1965 --------------------------------1966 --------------------------------$1.15 and under $1. 20:
1965 --------------------------------1966 --------------------------------Under $1.25:
1965 --------------------------------1966 --------------------------------$1. 25 and under $1. 30:
1965 ------------ --------------------1966 --------------------------------Under $1. 50:
1965 --------------------------------1966 --------------------------------Under $2.00:
1965 --------------------------------1966 --------------------------------$3.00 or m ore:
1965 --------------------------------1966 ---------------------------------




_______________________________Major industry group_____________________
Furniture,
Building
Automotive
home
materials,
dealers
furnishings,
and gaso­ Apparel
and
hardware,
line
General
and
household
and farm
service
equipment merchan­
accessory
appliance
Food
dise stores
dealers
stores
stations
stores
stores

M iscel­
laneous
retail
stores

6 .8
5 .4

9 .4
6 .4

12.5
9 .4

13. 7
10. 1

12.6
10.7

7.9
6 .6

18.3
12.6

1.8
.7

9.8
.9

5.6
.9

1.5
1.1

7.7
1.6

1.8
.9

3.5
1.3

9. 7
6 .7

22.6
8 .0

19.8
10.9

16.2
12.1

22.2
13.5

10.7
7.9

23.6
15.0

10.0
9 .8

13.5
14.7

10.7
12.6

9 .0
9 .7

13.0
17.2

9 .4
8 .4

13.5
13.0

30.4
27 .7

57.0
48.2

41.3
36.3

35.6
31.8

50.3
47.9

29.4
24.7

47 .7
41.2

59.6
56.9

82.3
77.3

63.0
59. 1

62.2
58.5

77.2
77.4

57.9
53.8

73.2
68.5

12.9
14.2

4.1
5.8

11.6
13.7

13.7
16.2

4 .6
4.4

14.8
17.8

8.1
10.6

24

Selected lines o f business

Item
A verage hourly earnings:
1965 -----------------------------1966 -----------------------------Percent o f em ployees earning:
Under $1. 15:
1965 -----------------------------1966 ----------------- --------—
$1. 15 and under $1. 20:
1965 ............... ....................1966 ................... ..................
Under $1. 25:
1965 ............. ........................
1966 ----------------------------$1. 25 and under $1. 30:
1965 ............... ..................—
1966 ------------ --------- -------Under $1.50:
1965 — ......... — ..................
1966 -----------------------------Under $2. 00:
1965 ---------- ----------- -------1966 -----------------------------$3. 00 or more:
1965 -----------------------------1966 ------------------------------




Men's and
boys' cloth­
ing and
furnishings
stores

Grocery
stores

$1. 75
1. 89

$1. 31
1.43

$1.93
2.04

$2.40
2.57

$1.52
1.58

$1.92
1. 97

2.0
1. 1

21.5
14.6

10.9
8.4

8 .0
6 .0

23.4
17.2

8.4
7. 1

8.3
.2

17.5
1.9

6. 1
o8

1.0
.9

2. 1
1. 7

4.2
.7

12. 8
1.6

47.4
17. 7

18. 7
9.6

9. 9
7. 7

26.6
19. 9

13.9
8.4

14. 7
13.5

15.4
24. 8

9.8
12. 7

5 .0
4 .4

13. 7
16.2

12.0

49.9
40.6

83.0
74.9

39.2
34.4

22.5
18.6

54.5
50.9

36.2
32. 7

78.4
73.3

95. 2
92. 8

61.0
57.6

45. 5
40.2

83.4
81.3

64. 7
63. 8

5.2
7.3

.5
1.3

12.0
14.3

23.4
27.9

2.5
2r 9

8.8
8.8

Department
stores

Women's
readyto-w ear
stores
A verage hourly earnings:
1965 ------------------------------1966 ------------------------------Percent o f em ployees earning:
Under $1. 15:
1965 --------------- --------------1966 ------------------------------$1. 15 and under $1. 20:
1965 --------------- --------------1966 ....................... ...............
Under $1.25:
1965 ------------ ------------------1966 - ......... - -------------------$1. 25 and under $1. 30:
1965 .......................................
1966 ....... ................- .............
Under $1, 50:
1965 ............................... — 1966 — ...................................
Under $2, 00:
1965 ......... - ............................
1966 — .................- ........................
$3. 00 or more:
1965 ................... ...................................
1966 --------------------------------------------------------

Motor
veh icle
dealers
(new and
used cars)

Lim ited
price
variety
stores

Shoe
stores

Furniture,
home
furnishings,
and equip­
ment stores

Gasoline
service
stations

Household
appliance
stores

12. 5

Drug and
proprietary
stores

$1.55
1.56

$1.84
1. 81

$2. 10
2. 21

$2.09
2. 15

$1.56
1. 73

15.6
12. 7

11.4
12.0

8.0
6 .6

7.1
6.2

28.9
22.4

10.4
1.8

5.5
2 .4

2.2
.6

1.4
1.8

6 1

28. 7
15.9

19. 1
15. 8

11.3
7.7

9.2
8.3

37.6
26.2

13.3
19.8

9.2
14.1

10.0
8.5

8.9
8 .0

15.0
15.8

58.7
56.4

42.5
42.2

30.6
24.6

26.6
25.4

63. 1
56.6

84.5
85.5

69.5
70.8

58.9
54. 1

54.7
53.8

81.6
78.3

2 .7
1.8

5.8
5.5

16. 1
18. 1

13.2
15.7

7.4
9 .4

.

2.0

25

A m o n g 10 o f the 11 s e l e c t e d in d u s try g r o u p s , i n c r e a s e s in the a v e r a g e
h o u r ly p a y l e v e l ra n g e d f r o m 1 cen t in w o m e n 1s r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s to 17 cents
at m o t o r v e h i c l e d e a l e r s and in d ru g and p r o p r i e t a r y s t o r e s .
In shoe s t o r e s the
a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l d e c lin e d b y 3 cents an h our.
A m o n g s i x o f the g r o u p s , e a r n ­
ings i n c r e a s e d b y at l e a s t 11 cents an h o u r, the i n c r e a s e in a ll r e t a i l tr a d e .
A s w as noted f o r the m a j o r g r o u p s , no r e la t io n s h ip a p p e a r e d to e x is t b e t w e e n
the am ount o f the w a g e i n c r e a s e and the 1965 p a y l e v e l in the in d u s t r y gro u p .
G e n e r a l l y , the m o r e s t r ik in g changes in the w a g e d is t r ib u tio n s w e r e found
am on g the l o w e r p a y in g in d u s t r y g r o u p s .
F o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t i o n o f e m ­
p l o y e e s in l i m i t e d p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s who w e r e p aid l e s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an h our
d e c lin e d f r o m 47 to 18 p e r c e n t b e t w e e n s u r v e y s .
In d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s , d ru g
s t o r e s , and w o m e n ’ s r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s , the p r o p o r t i o n e a rn in g le s s than
$ 1 . 2 5 an hour d e c lin e d by f r o m 11 to 13 p e r c e n t a g e p o in ts .
In each o f the
g r o u p s , changes taking p l a c e at h ig h e r l e v e l s g e n e r a l l y w e r e s m a l l e r than th ose
ta king p la c e at l o w e r l e v e l s .

Changes in W e e k l y H o u rs o f W o r k ,

June 1965—
June 1966— A l l R e t a i l T r a d e

R e f l e c t i n g a s m a l l but n o t ic e a b le m o v e m e n t a w a y f r o m long w o r k w e e k s
(48 h o u rs o r m o r e ) and to w a r d m o r e p a r t - t i m e e m p lo y m e n t ( l e s s than 35 h ou rs
a w e e k ),
the w o r k w e e k o f r e t a i l tr a d e e m p l o y e e s d e c lin e d 0 .6 o f an hour,
on the a v e r a g e f r o m June 1965 to June 1966. T h e p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g
lon g h ours d e c lin e d by 2 p e r c e n t a g e p o in t s , f r o m 19 to 17 p e r c e n t , and the
p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g p a r t t i m e i n c r e a s e d by 1 p o in t, f r o m 30 to 31 p e r c e n t .
D e­
s p ite an o v e r a l l i n c r e a s e in e m p lo y m e n t o f 2 42 ,8 0 0 , the n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s
who w o r k e d 48 h o u rs o r m o r e a w e e k d e c lin e d by 6 6 ,0 0 0 , and the p r o p o r t i o n
w o r k in g le s s than 35 h o u rs a w e e k r o s e b y 173,000.
C hanges in the d is t r ib u t io n ,
o th e r than th e s e , w e r e n e g l i g i b l e .
T h e len g th o f the a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k d e c lin e d by 0 .9 o f an h our in the West,
by 0 .7 o f an h our in the South, by 0 . 5 o f an hour in the N o r t h e a s t , and by 0. 1
o f an h our in the N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n .
In t h r e e o f the r e g i o n s , the p r o p o r t i o n s
w o r k in g 48 h ou rs a w e e k o r m o r e d e c r e a s e d , and the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g p a rt
tim e in crea se d .
In the N o r t h C e n t r a l ^ r e g io n , h o w e v e r , n e it h e r the p r o p r o t i o n
w o r k in g lo n g h o u r s , o r the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g p a r t t im e chan ged by as m u ch as
a s in g le p e r c e n t a g e point.

Percent of employees working—
A verage
weeklyhours

Under
35
hours

40
hours

Over 40
and under
48 hours

48 hours
and over

R egion

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

United S tates-----------------

36.9

36.3

29.9

31.4

24.9

26.4

16.3

15.0

18.9

17.3

N o rth e a s t---------------------S o u t h ----------------- --------North Central --------------W e s t ----------------------------

34.4
39.6
36.3
37.0

33.9
38.9
36.2
36.1

36. 1
22.6
33.0
27.8

38.1
23.7
33.4
30.8

24.6
21.4
22.9
33.8

24.6
25.2
24.9
33.0

13.7
20.4
16.5
13.4

12.5
19.2
14.8
12.9

12.5
26.7
17.9
17.9

12.1
23.1
17.7
15.5




26

The le n g th o f the a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k d e c lin e d b y 0. 6 o f an hour in m e t ­
r o p o lit a n a r e a s and b y 0. 3 o f an hour in n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s . C hanges in the
d is t r ib u tio n o f e m p l o y e e s along the hours s c a le did not d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m
the p a tt e r n n oted on a n a tio n a l and r e g i o n a l b a s i s , although n o n m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s
had s l i g h t l y s m a l l e r chan ges than m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , in p a r t - t i m e w o r k and
w o r k o f o v e r 40 hours a w e e k .
Percent o f em ployees working— _________________
Average
w eekly
hours

Under
35
hours

Over 40
and under
___48 hours

40
hours

48 hours
and over

Area

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

M etropolitan a re a s ----------

36.0

35.4

31.6

33.4

27.0

28.5

15.3

13.8

15.4

13.8

Nonm etropolitan a r e a s ----

39.3

39.0

25.3

25.8

18.6

20. 1

19.3

18. 7

29.3

27.5

The d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the le n g th o f the a v e r a g e w e e k w o r k e d b y m e n and
that w o r k e d by w o m e n n a r r o w e d s o m e w h a t b e t w e e n s u r v e y s . M ^n w o r k e d 0. 7 o f
an hour l e s s and w o m e n 0. 2 o f an hour le s s in 1966 than in 1 j 5. The p r o p o r ­
tio n o f m e n w o r k in g 48 h ours o r m o r e d e c lin e d f r o m Z9 to 26 p e r c e n t , and the
p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g on a p a r t - t i m e b a s is r o s e f r o m 25 to 26 p e r c e n t .
The p r o ­
p o r t io n o f w o m e n w o r k in g lo n g h ours was unchanged at 5 p e r c e n t .
The p r o ­
p o r t io n o f w o m e n w o r k in g 40 h ours a w e e k i n c r e a s e d f r o m 29 to 30 p e r c e n t ;
the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g p a r t tim e i n c r e a s e d f r o m 37 to 39 p e r c e n t .

_____________________ Percent o f em ployees working—
Average
w eekly
hours

Under
35
hours

40
hours

Over 40
and under
48 hours

48 hours
and over

Characteristic

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

M e n ----------------------------

39.3

38.6

24.7

26.3

21.9

23.8

19.9

18.6

28.6

26. 1

W o m e n -----------------------

33.4

33.2

37.4

38.5

29.0

30.0

11.3

10. 1

5 .4

5.0

Since 1965, e m p l o y e e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s g e n e r a l l y s u b je c t to the m a x im u m
h ours p r o v i s i o n s o f the F a i r L a b o r Standards A c t a v e r a g e d a s h o r t e r w o r k w e e k
b y 0. 3 o f an h our, and those in e s t a b lis h m e n t s not s u b je c t to the act a v e r a g e d
a s h o r t e r w e e k b y 0. 8 o f an h our. T he s h o rte n in g o f the w o r k w e e k in the s u b ­
j e c t s e c t o r is the r e s u l t o f a s lig h t d e c lin e (1 p e r c e n t a g e p o in t) in the p r o p o r ­
tio n w o r k in g o v e r 40 h ours a w e e k and a s lig h t i n c r e a s e (1 p e r c e n t a g e p o in t)
in the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g le s s than 35 hours a w e e k . D e s p ite the e s t a b lis h m e n t ,
in S e p t e m b e r 1965, o f a 40 hour a w e e k s tan d ard , a f t e r w h ic h m o s t e m p l o y e e s
w o u ld have to be p a id 1 V2 t im e s t h e ir r e g u l a r h o u r ly ra te o f pay, f u l l y o n e f ift h o f the e m p l o y e e s in th e se e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t i l l w o r k e d o v e r 40 hours a w e e k .
The n e a r l y 1-hour s h o r t e r w o r k w e e k in the n o n s u b je c t s e c t o r r e f l e c t s a
3 - p e r c e n t a g e - p o i n t d e c r e a s e in the p r o p o r t i o n o f e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g o v e r 40 h ours
a w e e k and an e q u a l i n c r e a s e in the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g le s s than 35 h ours a
w e e k . M o s t o f the d e c lin e in the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g o v e r 40 h o u rs a w e e k o c ­
c u r r e d am on g th o se w o r k in g lo n g h o u r s ; the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g 48 hours a w e e k
o r m o r e d e c lin e d f r o m 25 to 22 p e r c e n t .



27

Establishments
Subject to
FLSA

Item
Average w eek ly hours:
1965 -------------------------------1966 -------------------------------Percent o f em ployees working—
Under 35 hours:
1965 --------------------------1966 --------------------------35 and under 40 hours:
1965 --------------------------1966 --------------------------40 hours:
1965 --------------------------1966 --------------------------Over 40 hours:
1965 --------------------------1966 --------------------------48 hours or more:
1965 --------------------------1966 ---------------------------

Not subject
to FLSA

34.8
34.5

37.2
36.4

33.7
35.2

30.3
33.2

14.5
13.2

7.1
7.5

29. 8
30. 7

22.3
23.3

22. 1
20.8

39.4
35.9

9.3
9.5

24.5
22.3

M a j o r G rou p s and S e l e c t ed In d u s t r ie s .
E m p l o y e e s in 6 o f the 7 m a j o r
in d u s t r y gro u p s e x p e r i e n c e d a d e c lin e in the a v e r a g e n u m b e r o f h ours w o r k e d
d u rin g the w e e k .
The g r e a t e s t d e c lin e , 1.2 h o u rs , o c c u r r e d at a u to m o b ile d e a l e r s
and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s ta t io n s ; the s m a l l e s t , 0 .2 h o u rs , to o k p la c e in fo o d s t o r e s .
T h e a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k in m is c e lla n e o u s r e t a i l s t o r e s i n c r e a s e d s l i g h t l y f r o m
35. 9 to 36. 0 h ours b e t w e e n s u r v e y s . The m o v e m e n t a w a y f r o m lo n g w o r k w e e k s
w as e v id e n t in f i v e o f the gro u p s .
T he g r e a t e s t d ro p in the p r o p o r t i o n o f e m ­
p l o y e e s who w o r k e d 48 hours a w e e k o r m o r e o c c u r r e d in the a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s
and g a s o lin e s e r v i c e statio n s g ro u p , f r o m 39 to 34 p e r c e n t .
D e c lin e s in the
o th e r in d u s t r y gro u p s did not amount to as m u ch as 2 p e r c e n t a g e p oin ts.
The
Percent o f em ployees working—
A verage
w eek ly
hours
M ajor industry group
Building m aterials,
hardware, and farm
equipment d e a le r s --------General merchandise
stores --------------------------Food stores---------------------Autom otive dealers and
gasoline service
stations ----------------------Apparel and accessory
stores --------------------------Furniture, home
furnishings, and
household appliance
s to r e s --------------------------M iscellaneous retail
s to r e s ---------------------------




Under
35
hours

40
hours

Over 40
and under
48 hours

48 hours
and over

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

42.3

41. 7

14.6

15.6

23.2

24.3

24.2

23.5

33.5

31.8

34.0
34.3

33.5
34. 1

34.4
40.4

36.5
41.0

30.0
25.0

31.9
25.0

10.6
13.0

9.3
12.8

6.3
15.0

5.1
14.0

42.8

41.6

17.0

19. 7

15.6

17.9

24.9

23.9

38.5

34.3

33.8

33.4

35.8

37.0

25.7

25.8

13.2

11.3

9 .7

9.8

38.9

38.6

19.3

21.5

31.2

31.9

21.9

18.0

20.2

21.1

35.9

36.0

32 .7

32.0

25.8

29.0

15.0

13.9

18.1

17.3

28

p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g long h ours in a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s did not chan ge,
and the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g such hours in fu rn itu re s t o r e s i n c r e a s e d , f r o m 20 to
21 p e r c e n t .
In both o f th ese g r o u p s , h o w e v e r , the p r o p o r t i o n w o rk in g o v e r
40 hours d e c lin e d . P a r t - t i m e e m p lo y m e n t i n c r e a s e d in s ix o f the m a j o r gro u ps
b y f r o m 1 to 3 p e r c e n t a g e p oin ts.
In m is c e lla n e o u s r e t a i l s t o r e s , h o w e v e r ,
the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g p a r t tim e d e c lin e d f r o m 33 to 32 p e r c e n t .
The len g th o f the a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k d e c lin e d f o r e m p l o y e e s in 9 o f the
11 s e l e c t e d lin e s o f b u s in e s s b y f r o m 0. 1 o f an hour in w o m e n ’ s r e a d y - t o - w e a r
s t o r e s to 2 .3 hours in g a s o lin e s e r v i c e s ta tio n s .
E m p l o y e e s in l i m i t e d p r i c e
v a r i e t y s t o r e s and h o u seh o ld ap p lian ce s t o r e s a v e r a g e d l o n g e r w o r k w e e k s b y
0 .2 and 0. 3 o f an h our, r e s p e c t i v e l y .
In 10 o f the s e l e c t e d lin e s o f b u s in e s s
th e re was a m o v e m e n t a w a y f r o m w o r k w e e k s o f o v e r 40 h ours and to w a r d s e it h e r
a 4 0 -h o u r w e e k o r p a r t tim e o r both.
The d is t r ib u tio n o f hours in w o m e n ’ s
r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s sh o w ed no n o t e w o r t h y changes o v e r the y e a r b e t w e e n s u r ­
v e y s , as shown in the fo llo w in g tabu lation s.

Percent o f em ployees working—

Selected line o f
retail business
Department stores-------------- Lim ited price variety
s to r e s ---------------------------- Grocery s to r e s ----------------Motor veh icle
dealers (new and
used cars) -------------------Gasoline service
stations ----------------------Men's and boys'
clothing and
furnishings stores ---------Women's ready-towear stores ------------------Shoe stores---------------------Furniture, home
furnishings, and
equipment stores ---------Household appliance
s to r e s --------------------------Drug and proprietary
s to r e s ---------------------------

Changes in A v e r a g e

Average
w eekly
hours

Under
35
hours

Over 40
and under
48 hours

40
hours

48 hours
and over

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

33.6

33. 1

340 5

37.3

33.6

34. 7

9.6

7.7

2.9

2.8

31. 7
34.3

31.9
34.0

42.4
40. 7

41.4
41.2

22. 1
24. 8

23. 7
25.2

9. 7
13.9

7. 7
13.0

3 .7
14.2

4.1
13.5

43. 7

43.4

7.8

7.3

17.5

21.3

39.0

38.6

31.9

27.9

41.6

39.3

30.0

35.4

11.3

12. 7

7.9

7. 7

46. 7

40.2

36. 7

35.5

28.6

31.5

24. 7

26.4

18.6

16. 1

20.0

16.7

32.6
33.8

32. 5
33.6

39. 5
36.5

39.2
38.5

25.6
21.0

25.3
20.4

10.2
17.9

9.6
14. 1

3.9
16.5

4.2
19.0

39.0

38.4

18. 7

21. 7

30.3

32.3

22. 7

18.9

19. 7

19.6

39.8

40. 1

17.4

19.0

33. 1

31.4

22.8

17.9

23.0

26.8

33.4

33.2

41.8

41.9

21. 7

25.0

13. 7

12.2

13.8

12. 1

W e e k l y E arn in gs ,,

J uns

1965--June

1966

R e t a i l tr a d e e m p l o y e e s ’ a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s i n c r e a s e d f r o m $ 6 8 .0 7 to
$ 7 1 .1 3 , an ad van ce o f $ 3 . 0 6 , b e t w e e n June o f 1965 and 1966. The i n c r e a s e in
w e e k l y e a r n in g s did not r e f l e c t f u l l y the i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
b e c a u s e o f the m it ig a t i n g e f f e c t o f the s h o rte n in g o f the w o r k w e e k . W e e k l y e a r n ­
ings a d v a n c e d b y 4. 5 p e r c e n t w h ile h o u r ly e a r n in g s a d v a n c e d by 5. 9 p e r c e n t .




29

On a r e g i o n a l b a s is , w e e k l y e a r n in g s i n c r e a s e d b y amounts ra n g in g f r o m
$2. 20 in the W e s t to $3. 93 in the South. F o r e m p l o y e e s in the South, the h ig h e s t
r e l a t i v e i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s (8. 4 p e r c e n t ) o v e r c a m e the s ec o n d
h ig h e s t r e l a t i v e d e c r e a s e in w e e k l y hours to p ro d u c e a 6 . 4 - p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e
in w e e k l y e a r n in g s , h ig h e s t am on g the r e g i o n s .
A l m o s t the e n t ir e i n c r e a s e in
h o u r ly e a r n in g s in the N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n was r e f l e c t e d in the i n c r e a s e in
w e e k l y e a r n in g s w h ile in the o th e r r e g io n s at l e a s t o n e - f o u r t h o f the in c r e a s e in
h o u r ly e a r n in g s was not r e f l e c t e d in the i n c r e a s e in w e e k l y e a r n in g s due to the
e f f e c t o f the s h o r t e r w o r k w e e k s .

A verage w eekly
earnings
Region

1965

1966

United States

$68. 07

$71. 13

N o rth e a s t---South---------North Central
West------------

67.27
60. 95
66.96
82.34

69.68
64. 88
70. 18
84. 54

Percent

Percent
increase in
average hourly
earnings

$3.06

4 .5

5. 9

2.41
3.93
3. 22
2. 20

3.6
6 .4
4. 8
2.8

5. 1
8.4
4 .9
5 .4

Increase
Dollars

C hanges_in W e e k l y H ou rs b y H o u r ly E a r n i ngs
The s h a r p e s t ch a n ges in the a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k o c c u r r e d a m on g e m p l o y e e s
p aid le s s than $ 1 . 7 5 an hour, as shown b e lo w .
B e tw e e n s u r v e y s the a v e r a g e
w o r k w e e k d e c lin e d b y at l e a s t 1 hour f o r e a c h gro u p o f e m p l o y e e s p a id le s s
than $ 1. 75 an hour, e x c e p t f o r the $ 1 to $ 1. 15 and $ 1. 15 to $ 1. 25 g r o u p s , f o r
w h o m the w o r k w e e k le n g th en e d . On the o th e r hand, the w o r k w e e k f o r e m p l o y e e s
p a id at l e a s t $ 1. 75 an hour did not change b y m o r e than 0. 6 o f an hour, and
that f o r e m p l o y e e s p aid $ 3 an hour o r m o r e did not change b e t w e e n 1965 and
1966.
No r e la t io n s h ip s e e m e d to e x i s t b e t w e e n the len g th o f the w o r k w e e k in
196 5 and the amount o f change.
___________________ Average w eek ly hours
Employees with average hourly
earnings o f—
Under
$1. 00
$1. 15
$1. 25
$1. 35
$1. 50
$1. 75
$2. 00
$2. 50
$3. 00

1965

1966

Change

$ 1 .0 0 -------------------- -----and under $1. 15--------------------------and under $1. 2 5 --------------------- ----and under $1. 3 5 --------------------------and under $1. 5 0 --------------------------and under $1. 75---------------------and under $2. 0 0 --------------------------and under $2. 5 0 --------------------------and under $3. 0 0 --------------------------and o v e r -------------------------------

38.0
34.0
32.8
32.4
36.4
37.0
38.8
39. 1
40.6
40.5

36.6
34. 1
37.3
31. 1
34.4
35.6
38.2
38. 7
40. 1
40.5

-1 .4
+. 1
+4. 5
-1 .3
-2 .0
-1 .4
-.6
-.4
-. 5
0

A m o n g the e m p l o y e e s p aid b e t w e e n $1. 15 and $ 1 . 2 5 an h our, the p r o p o r ­
tion w o r k in g lon g h ours m o r e than doubled; the p r o p o r t i o n w o r k in g p a r t tim e
d e c lin e d s h a r p ly ; as a r e s u lt , the w o r k w e e k i n c r e a s e d s h a r p ly .
T h is in c r e a s e
o c c u r r e d b e c a u s e , p a r t - t i m e w o r k e r s c o n s titu te d a d i s p r o p o r t i o n a t e l y l a r g e p a r t




30

o f the d e c lin e in the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s p aid b e t w e e n $1. 15 and $ 1 . 2 5 an h our,
f r o m 482, 500 in 1965 to 125, 300 in 1966. A s shown on the f o llo w in g tabu lation ,
ch a n ges o c c u r r i n g at o th e r e a r n in g s i n t e r v a l s w e r e m o r e m o d e r a t e than those
o c c u r r i n g at this l e v e l .
Percent o f em ployees working w eek ly hours o f—

C h an ges

f-i

Under
$1. 00
$1, 15
$1. 25
$1.35
$1. 50
$1. 75
$2. 00
$2« 50
$3. 00

40 to 42 inclusive

0
00

Under 35
Employees with average hourly
earnings o f—

more

1965

1965

1966

1965

1966

35.4
44. 8
45.0
47.5
33.4
29. 7
22.2
19. 8
11.2
10.9

$ 1 .0 0 ----------------------------------and under $1. 15-------------------and under $1. 25 -------------------and under $1. 3 5 -------------------and under $1. 5 0 -------------------and under $1. 75-------------------and under $2. 0 0 -------------------and under $2. 5 0 -------------------and under $3. 0 0 -------------------and o v e r ------------------------------

1966
39. 1
45. 1
35.0
51.0
40.5
35.4
24.4
22. 7
13. 1
10. 1

13.4
15. 8
19. 8
20. 7
25.3
29.3
33.4
34. 7
44. 8
46. 8

14.4
15.3
18.8
19. 5
22.5
27.5
32. 8
35. 1
45.0
48.4

34.0
21.3
11. 8
13.3
18.3
19.6
21. 8
21.3
18.3
17. 1

30.5
21.5
23. 8
10.1
14.3
17.0
21.4
19. 9
17. 7
17. 1

in H o u r l y E a r n in g s b y W e e k ly H o u r s , June

196 5—J une

1966

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g f r o m 40 to 44 hours and
th ose o f e m p l o y e e s w o r k in g 48 h ours a w e e k o r m o r e i n c r e a s e d b y 13 cen ts —
6 cents m o r e than the i n c r e a s e f o r e m p l o y e e s who w o r k e d p a r t t im e .
T he p r o ­
p o r t io n o f e m p l o y e e s p aid le s s than $ 1. 35 an hour d e c lin e d b y 10 p e r c e n t a g e
p oin ts in the p a r t - t i m e gro u p — the g r e a t e s t d e c lin e am on g the th r e e g ro u p s . On
the o th e r hand, the 40- to 4 4 -h o u r g ro u p and the lo n g w o r k w e e k gro u p r e c o r d e d
g r e a t e r i n c r e a s e s in the p r o p o r t i o n p aid at l e a s t $2 an hour.

Employees with
w eek ly hours o f—
Under 3 5 -------------------- —
4 0 - 4 4 ------------------------48 and o v e r -----------------

C hanges in W a g es

Average
hourly
earnings

Under
$1.35

1965

1966

$1.50

$1. 57
2. 17
1. 90

1. 77

and H o u r s ,

O ctob er

$2.00
or more

$3.00
or more

1965

1966

1965

1966

1965

1966

51
23
34

41
17
26

15
43
30

18
48
36

3
15
8

4
18
11

1956—June

1966

B e t w e e n O c t o b e r 1956 and June 1966 a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y e e s
in r e t a i l tr a d e i n c r e a s e d b y 55 c e n ts , o r b y 39 p e r c e n t . 6
Y e a r l y a d v a n ce s in
the e a r n in g s l e v e l a v e r a g e d 4 .2 cents b e t w e e n 1956 and 1961, 6 cents b e t w e e n
1961 and 1962, 5 .6 cents b e t w e e n 1962 and 1965, and 11 cents b e t w e e n 1965 and

6 See Employee Earnings in R e ta il Trade, October 1956, June 1961, and June 1962 (BLS Bulletins 1220, 1338-8,
and 1380) and Em ployee Earnings and Hours in R e ta il Trade, June 1965 (BLS Bulletin 1501).




31

United States
Oct.
A verage hourly earnings
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

Number o f em ployees
(in thousands)------------- —
A verage hourly earnings -

June

1956

1961

1962

1
10
26
37
45
48
50
56
66
85
94
98

1
5
14
24
31
34
37
44
55
77
89
95

1
3
9
21
27
31
34
42
53
75
87
94

6,033.2
$1.41

6,096.0
$1.62

6,175.5
$1.68

$0„ 5 0 ---------------$0. 7 5 ---------------$ 1 . 0 0 ---------------$ 1 . 0 5 ---------------$1. 1 5 ---------------$1. 20 — ------------$1. 2 5 ---------------$ 1 . 3 0 ---------------$ 1 . 5 0 ---------------$2. 0 0 ---------------$2. 5 0 ---------------$3. 0 0 -----------------

Northeast
Oct.
1965
(*>
2
5
10
12
17
19
31
44
70
83
91

6,687.0
$1. 85

1966

1956

1961

1962

1
4
7
9
10
11
23
39
66
80
89

3
4
18
30
38
40
43
50
61
84
95
98

(0
1
3
15
23
26
29
37
49
74
88
95

(!)
(!)
2
10
15
21
24
32
45
71
87
94

6,929.8
$1. 96

1,566.4
$1. 50

1,579.6
$1. 74

( l )

South
4

2
13
31
42
51
54
57
62
72
88
94
97

2
9
20
37
45
50
53
59
70
87
94
97

1
6
14
21
24
34
38
50
62
82
91
96

Number o f em ployees
(in thousands)------------- — 1,666.3
Average hourly earnings ---$1. 16

1,747.4
$1.32

1,773.6
$1.39

1,884.4
$1. 54

$0. 5 0 ---------------$0. 7 5 ---------------$ 1 . 0 0 ---------------$ 1 . 0 5 ---------------$ 1 . 1 5 ---------------$ 1 . 2 0 ---------------$1. 2 5 ---------------$1. 3 0 ---------------$ 1 . 5 0 ---------------$2. 0 0 ---------------$2. 5 0 ---------------$ 3 . 0 0 ----------------

1,599.5
$1. 81

1965
(! )
(!)
1
4
5
7
8
23
38
66
82
91

1,752.1
$1.95

1966
(M
(!)
1
3
3
4
5
15
33
62
79
89

1,813.7
$2.05

North Central

23
45
56
63
66
69
73
81
93
97
99

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

June

(1)
3
9
15
18
20
21
39
55
78
89
94

1,944.1
$1.67

0 )

8
24
35
43
46
49
55
65
85
94
98

1,946.8
$1.44

(!)
3
12
22
29
32
34
42
54
77
89
95

1,844.0
$1.65

(M
3
9
21
28
31
34
42
53
76
88
95

1,868.6
$1.68

(M
1
4
9
12
18
20
31
45
71
84
92

0)
1
3
7
9
11
11
25
40
67
82
90

1,864.8
$1. 85

1,931.8
$1. 94

( M

( M

West
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
unuci
T T n r ln r
UTlQCr
Under

$0. 5 0 ---------------$0. 7 5 ----------------$ 1 . 0 0 ----------------$ 1 . 0 5 ----------------$1. 1 5 ----------------$ 1 . 2 0 ---------------$1. 2 5 ----------------$1. 3 0 ----------------$ 1 . 5 0 ---------------ch uu
o nn
< t0
Q H
_ _
ou
$3. 0 0 -----------------

Number o f em ployees (in thousands)
Average hourly earnings -

1

Less than 0. 5 percent,




(1 )
2
11
20
26
29
31
39
50
73
90
96
■

853.3
$1.68

( J)
1
3
9
13
16
17
25
35
60
77
90
925.0
$2.01

( M

1
3
8
11
14
15
24
33
58
74
88

( ! )

( M

1
3
4
6
6
12
24
54
70
81

1
2
2
3
3
9
20
50
67
79

933.8
$2.05

1,185.7
$2.22

1,240.2
$2.34

32

1966. C hanges o c c u r r e d throughout the p a y s c a le but w e r e m o r e s t r ik in g to w a r d
the l o w e r than t o w a r d the upper end.
The p r o p o r t i o n p a id le s s than $ 1. 25 an
h our, f o r e x a m p le , d e c lin e d f r o m o n e - h a l f to about o n e -te n th ; the p r o p o r t i o n p a id
at l e a s t $2 an hour i n c r e a s e d f r o m 15 to 34 p e r c e n t .
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ad v an ce d 31 cents in the South, 50 cents in the
N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n , 55 cents in the N o r t h e a s t , and 66 cents in the W e s t.
The
South p r e s e n t e d the s h a r p e s t chan ges at the l o w e r end of the p a y s c a l e ; the W e s t
p r e s e n t e d the s h a r p e s t changes at the upper end.
The p r o p o r t i o n of Southern
e m p l o y e e s e a r n in g le s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an hour d e c lin e d f r o m s e v e n - t e n th s to o n e fifth . N e v e r t h e l e s s , the South, w h ic h accou n ted f o r 38 p e r c e n t o f a ll e m p lo y e e s
p a id le s s than $ 1 . 2 5 an hour in 1956, had 54 p e r c e n t o f those who had such
e a r n in g s in 1966.
In the W e s t , b y c o n t r a s t, the p r o p o r t i o n p aid at l e a s t $ 2 an
hour i n c r e a s e d f r o m 27 to 50 p e r c e n t .
In both s u r v e y p e r i o d s , the W e s t a c ­
counted f o r about o n e - f o u r t h o f the e m p lo y e e s who had such e a r n in g s .
T h e a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k d e c lin e d b y 2 h ours b e t w e e n 1956 and 1966, but
m o s t o f the d e c lin e , 1.5 h o u rs , o c c u r r e d b e t w e e n 1962 and 1966.
The p r o p o r ­
tio n o f e m p l o y e e s who w o r k e d o v e r 40 hours a w e e k d e c lin e d ; both the p r o p o r ­
tio n who w o r k e d p a r t tim e and the p r o p o r t io n who w o r k e d b e tw e e n 35 and 40 h ou rs
a w e e k , i n c lu s iv e , i n c r e a s e d o v e r the 1 0 - y e a r p e r io d .
The p a tt e r n o f h ours chan ges in the South and N o r t h C e n t r a l r e g io n s f o l l o w e d
the n ation w id e p a tte r n . In the N o r t h e a s t and W e s t , h o w e v e r , the p r o p o r t io n s who
w o r k e d b e t w e e n 35 and 40 hours a w e e k , i n c lu s iv e , was r e l a t i v e l y unchanged.

United States
Oct.
A verage w eek ly hours

Northeast

______________ June_________________

Oct.

_______________ June

1956

1961

1962

1965

1966

1956

1961

1962

1965

1966

Under 35 ------------------------35 to 40 in c lu s iv e -----------Over 40 ---------------------------

25
30
45

26
34
40

27
34
39

30
35
35

31
36
32

28
36
37

31
39
30

32
38
30

36
38
26

38
37
25

Number o f em ployees
(in thousands) --------------A verage w eekly hours-------

6,033.2
38. 3

6,687.0 6,929.8
36.9
36.3

1,566.4
36. 8

1,579.6
35 .7

1,599.5
35.6

6,096.0 6,175.5
38. 1
37.8

____________________ South______________________
Under 35 ------------------------35 to 40 in c lu s iv e -----------Over 40 ---------------------------

19
23
58

19
27
53

Number o f employees
(in thousands) --------------A verage w eek ly hours-------

1,666.3
40.9

1,747.4
41. 1

21
28
51

1,773.6
40.5

23
30
47

24
34
42

1,884.4
39.6

1,944.1
38. 9

________________ North Central_________________
27
29
44

1,946.8
37.8

29
32
39

1,844.0
37.5

29
32
39

1,868.6
37.5

____________________ West
Under 35 ----------------------------------35 to 40 in c lu s iv e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Number o f em ployees (in thousands)
A verage w eekly hours-------------------




1,752.1 1,813.7
34.4
33.9

24
40
36
853.3
37.7

26
39
35
925.1
37.5

33
33
34

1,864.8
36.3

33
34
33

1,931.8
36.2

___________________
27
40
33

933.8
37.2

28
41
31
1,185.7
37.0

31
41
28
1,240.2
36.1




Table Note

B e c a u s e o f rounding, sums o f in d iv id u a l it e m s
m a y not equal to ta ls .
Dash ( - )

in d ic a te s no e m p lo y e e s .

A s t e r i s k ( * ) in d ic a te s f e w e r than 50 e m p lo y e e s
or le s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

G)
Table 1.

A

Ave ra ge straight-time hourly earnings of nonsupervisory employees by selected characteristics, United States, June 1966
E n terprises with annual sales of—
$ 500, 000 to $ 1, 000, 000

$ 1, 000, 000 or more
Region

Metropolitan
areas

Nonmetropolitan
areas

Metropolitan
areas

$250, 000 to $ 500, 000

Nonmetropolitan
areas

Metropolitan
areas

Le ss than $250,000

Nonmetropolitan
areas

Metropolitan
areas

Nonmetropolitan
areas

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

W omen

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

W omen

Men

Women

Men

W omen

United States_______________________________

$2.48

$ 1. 73

$2. 05

$ 1. 50

$ 2. 32

$ 1. 70

$1.90

$ 1. 46

$2. 25

$1.63

$ 1. 81

$ 1. 38

$ 1. 99

$ 1. 54

$ 1. 57

$ 1. 22

N o r t h e a s t _______________________________
South
_ _
_
North Central
W e s t ______ ________

2.48
2. 12
2. 56
2. 87

1. 77
1.56
1.70
1.98

2. 13
1.85
2. 02
2. 47

1. 57
1. 39
1.48
1.74

2. 31
1.94
2. 46
2. 67

1.60
1. 30
1.40
1.79

2. 30
1.86
2. 25
2. 58

1.64
1.41
1. 59
1.92

2. 00
1.60
1.79
2. 74

1. 56
1.28
1. 31
1.65

1. 58
1. 33
1.49
1. 81

1.78
1. 36
1.71
1.93




1.
1.
1,
2.

74
54
59
00

2.
1.
1.
2.

14
70
79
53

2.
1.
2.
2.

08
59
07
23

1.
1.
1.
1.

38
09
22
56

T a b l e 2.

C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U n ited S tates and r e g io n s , June 1966

_ £ E m ig lo ^ e e ^ m ^ th o u £ a n d s ^
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

Av e r a g e hourly earnings
Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

7 .2
72.5
245.9

. 1
1.0
3. 5

. 2
1. 8
12.5

*
.1
.7

5 .5
56.0
1 70. 1

. 3
2.9
8. 7

1. 0
12.1
54.7

.1
.6
2.8

. 5
2.5
8.6

*
.2
.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 0 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 1 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

4 8 6 .C
524.6
618.6
69C.5
743.9

7.0
7. 6
8.9
1 0.0
10. 7

44.6
49. 1
59. 1
71.6
80.9

2.5
2 .7
3.3
3.9
4 .5

288.0
310.2
353.3
3 79.1
403.8

14. 8
16.0
18. 2
19.5
20.8

131.9
142. 6
177.7
202.8
218.0

6.8
7 .4
9 .2
10.5
11.3

21.6
22.7
28.5
37. 1
41.2

1 .7
1.8
2.3
3.0
3.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$1.

3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------- ----5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

1618.6
1903.4
2266.1
2521.6
2696.4

2 3.4
27. 5
32.7
36.4
38.9

275. 9
369.6
465.6
541.7
593.4

15.2
20.4
25.7
29.9
32.7

749.9
832.9
950.6
1022.4
1072.8

3 8. 6
42.8
48. 9
52.6
55.2

477.5
547.0
655.0
725. 9
776.6

24.7
28.3
33 .9
37.6
40.2

115.2
153.9
194.9
231.6
253.5

9.3
12.4
15.7
18.7
20 .4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

3179.4
3345.7
3555.2
3718.4
3860.5

4 5. 9
4 8. 3
51. 4
53. 7
55.7

731.8
781.9
847. 9
890.9
929.4

40.3
43.1
46.7
49.1
51.2

1179.3
1224.3
1279.0
1318.6
1357.0

60.7
63. 0
65. 8
67. 8
69. 8

912.9
961.1
1021.4
1060.7
1099.4

4 7. 3
49.8
52.9
54 .9
56. 9

355.3
378.4
410.9
448.2
474.7

28.7
30.5
33.1
36.1
38.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

4C88.4
4218.3
4384.6
4492. 5
4574.0

59.0
60.9
63.3
64. 8
66.0

995.7
1029.4
1079.4
1108.3
1130.3

54.9
56.7
59.5
61.1
62 .3

1406.5
1439.3
1478.0
1504.0
1520.9

72.3
74.0
76. 0
77.4
78.2

1163. 4
1203.6
1246.7
1275.5
1299.5

60.2
62. 3
64.5
66.0
67.3

522.8
547.0
580. 5
604.6
623.3

42.2
44.1
46.8
48.8
50.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------20 -----------------------------------------------------------------30 -----------------------------------------------------------------40 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

4 9 C 7 .8
5101.6
53 05 .C
5450.8
5560.8

70.8
73.6
76. 6
78. 7
80.2

1227.7
1234.9
1347.6
1390.5
1427. 1

67.7
70. 3
74.3
76.7
79.7

1589.1
1631.1
1673. 3
1703.7
1722.1

81.7
93.9
86.1
87.6
8 8. 6

1396.0
1449.9
1506.2
1545.5
1575.8

72.3
75. 1
78.0
80.0
81.6

694.9
735.7
778.0
811.1
835.8

56.0
59.3
62.7
65.4
67.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

60 _____ _____________ ___ ______________________
7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------- — 90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

5762.9
5883.3
5992. 1
6 C8 7.8
6153.3

83.2
8 4.9
86.5
87. 3
88. 8

1496.7
1 535. 5
1571.4
1602.8
1620.1

82.5
84.7
36.6
88.4
89.3

1759.7
1780.0
1799.5
1815.7
1826.4

90. 5
91.6
92.6
93.4
93.9

1628. 1
1662. 7
1691.7
1717.3
1733.8

84. 3
86.1
87.6
88. 9
89.8

878. 5
905.1
929.5
952.0
973. 1

70.8
73.0
74.9
76.8
78.5

1C0.0

1813.7

100.0

1944.1

100.0

1931.8

100.0

1240.2

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------Av er ag e hourly earnings ---------------------------------------------




6529.8
$1,.96

$2,,05

$1 .67

$1 .94

100.0
$2,.34

0
)

01

c
o

0
)
T a b l e 3.

C u m u la t iv e p e rc e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
b y m e t ro p o lit a n and n o n m e t ro p o lit a n a r e a s , U n ited States and r e g io n s , June 1966

United States
Av e r a g e hourly earnings

Met ro ­
politan
areas

Nonmetro­
politan
areas

South

Northeast
Me tr o­
politan
areas

Nonmetro­
politan
areas

_

M et ro ­
politan
ar eas

West

North Central

Nonmetro­
politan
ar eas

Metro­
politan
areas

Nonmetro­
politan
areas

Me tr o­
politan
areas

Nonmetro­
politan
areas

.2
1.4
4. 4

. 5
5.6
16. 6

♦
. 3
1.4

.1
1.3
6.2

*
.2
.5

.1
.3
1.5

4.3
4.5
5.7
7. 5
8. 3

8.5
9.3
10.9
11.8
12.9

26. 1
2 7. 8
31. 3
3 3. 3
35.0

4. C
4 .2
5.5
6.3
6. 9

13. 5
14.7
17.8
20.1
21.4

1.2
1.3
1.7
2.4
2.6

4.0
4.3
4. 9
5. 7
6 .2

13.4
18.6
23. 8
28. 1
30.9

25.5
30.6
36.1
40.0
42.9

31.8
36.4
43.1
47.1
49.9

50.7
54. 4
59. 2
6 2 .4
64. 7

19.0
22.7
28.4
32. 1
34.7

37.9
41.3
46.7
50. 3
53.0

7. 6
10.3
13.5
16.5
18.3

16.5
21.2
25.3
28.0
29.6

5 9.4
61.6
64. 4
66. 4
68. 3

38.5
41.3
44. 8
47.3
49.5

51.0
53.4
57.5
59.5
61.2

55.7
58.2
61.3
63.6
65.7

69. 6
71.6
73.8
75.4
77.2

42.0
44. 5
47 .6
49. 6
51.5

59.5
62.0
65. 1
67. 3
69. 5

26.2
28.1
30.8
34. 0
36.1

39.0
40.9
43.1
45.3
47.6

54.8
56.7
59. 2
60. 8
62. 1

71. 1
7 3.0
7 5 .C
76. 3
77. 3

53.2
54. 9
57.8
59.5
60. 7

64.7
66. 7
69.1
70.3
71.3

68.5
70.1
72.3
73.8
74.7

79. 3
8 1. 1
8 2.6
83. 8
84. 5

55. 1
57. 1
59. 5
60 .9
62. 3

72.2
74,3
76. 3
77, 8
78.9

40.0
41.9
44.6
46. 7
48.2

51.4
53.3
56.3
57.6
59.1

10
20 ------------------------------------------------------------------30 ------------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------50 -------------------------------------------------------------------

67.0
7C.C
73. 2
75.5
77.3

81.8
84. 0
86. 2
87. 7
88.8

66. 1
69.2
72.7
75. 1
77.2

76.7
80.0
83.2
85.7
87.2

73.1
80. 5
82.9
84.8
85.9

88 .3
90. 1
91.8
92. 7
93 .4

67. 5
7 0 .5
73.8
76. 2
78. 0

83.3
85. 6
37.5
88.9
89. 9

53.9
57.5
61. 0
63. 8
65.7

64.9
67.1
70.0
72.4
74.5

60 ------------------------------------------------------------------70 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

ac. 5
82.5
84.2
85. 8
8fc. 9

90. 9
91. 9
92. 9
93.7
94. 3

81 .2
83. 5
35.6
87.4
88.5

89. 8
91.1
92.7
93.7
94.0

88.1
89.4
90.6
91.6
92. 3

94. 8
95.4
96.0
96.6
96. 3

80.9
83. 1
84.9
8 6. 4
87.4

92.1
93.0
93.8
94. 6
95.3

69.1
71.4
73.3
75.3
77.0

78.2
79.6
81.7
8 3.2
84.6

Under $0. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 1. 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

.1
.5
1.7

.2
2.7
8.9

*
. 1
.6

Under
Under
Under
IlnHpr
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1
$1.

0 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------1 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------?Cl
— _____ —
— ------- ---------------------2 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

4. 0
4. 3
5. 3
6.0
6. 6

15.7
16.9
19. 5
21.4
22.7

2. 1
2.4
2. 8
3.3
3. 8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 3 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 4 0 ------------------------- ----------------------------------------$ 1 . 4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 50 -------------------------------------------------------------------

18. 2
22.4
27.7
31. 5
34.0

3 8. 2
42. 1
47.2
50.5
53.0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.55 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

41.2
43.6
46. 8
49. 2
51.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

80 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$3.

.2
1.2

.c
-

100.0

100. 0

100.0

100.0

10C. 0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Number of employees (in thousands) -------------------------

5144.9

1785.0

1541.5

2 72.2

1248.8

695.3

1350.0

581.8

1004.6

235.6

Av er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ----------------------------------------------

$2.07

$1.67

$2. 10

$1.82

$1.78

$1.47

$2.07

$1.67

$2.39

$2.12

Total ---------------------------------------------------------------------




1 0 0

T a b le 4.

C u m u la t iv e p e rc e n t d is t r ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
b y se x , U nited S tate s and r e g io n s , June 1966

United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

A v e r a g e hourly earnings
Men

Women

Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

.1
.8
2.9

.1
1.3
4 .4

*
.1
.6

*
.1
.9

.3
2. 3
7. 3

.2
3. 7
10.9

*
.4
2. 1

. 1
.9
3. 8

. 1
.2
.6

♦
.2
.8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 0 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 10 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 1 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 20 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 25 ------------------------------------------------------------------

6.1
6.5
7. 6
8.4
9.0

8.3
9.0
10.8
12.2
13.2

1.9
2.1
2. 4
2.8
3. 1

3.2
3.6
4 .4
5.6
5. 4

13. 1
14.1
16.3
17.7
18.8

17.4
18.7
21.0
22.2
23. 7

5 .7
6. 0
7. 1
7. 9
8 .4

8.3
9.1
11. 8
13. 7
14.8

1. 6
1.7
2.2
2. 5
2. 8

2 .0
2.0
2.5
3.7
4.1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.30 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 40 —--------------------- — -------------------------------------$1.45 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 50 ------------------------------------------------------------------

19.0
21.4
25. 0
27.6
29.5

29.4
35.9
4 3 .4
48.6
52.0

11.3
14.0
17.5
20.3
22.3

20.5
29.1
36.9
43.0
47.0

33.5
36.5
41. 1
44 .4
46.7

46.2
52.4
60.5
64. 8
67 .9

18.5
20.4
24. 1
26.5
28 .4

32.4
38.0
46. 0
51.2
54.8

8.3
9,8
11.9
13.6
14.7

10.9
16.6
21.7
26.7
29.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

55 -----------------------------------------------------------------60 -----------------------------------------------------------------65 ------------------------------------------ ----------------------70 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

36.1
38. 1
40.7
42.7
44.5

59. 5
62.5
66.3
68.9
71.3

29.3
31.8
34.9
37.0
38. 9

55.5
58.6
63.0
65.8
68.2

52.2
54.4
57.0
58.9
60.9

73. 4
75.8
7 8. 9
81. 1
8 3.0

35 .0
36.9
3 9 .6
41.1
42. 9

62.3
65. 5
6 9 .2
71.9
74.2

22. 5
23. 5
25.2
28.1
29.6

38.3
41.6
45.7
48.8
52.0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 80 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 90 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1.95 -----------------------------------------------------------------$2. 00 ------------------------------------------------------------------

47.9
49. R
52.0
53.6
54. 8

74.5
76.4
79.0
80. 5
81.7

42 .6
44.5
47. 1
48.7
50.0

71.7
73.5
76.5
78.1
79.3

63.7
65.6
67.7
69.2
70.2

85. 3
8 6. 6
88. 5
89 .6
90. 3

46 .4
48.4
50 .7
52.4
5 3.7

77.3
7 9 .4
81.6
82.8
83. 9

33.2
34. 7
36.6
38.1
39.2

56.2
59.0
62.8
65.5
67.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2 . 1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$2. 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$2. 30 -----------------------------------------------------------------$2. 40 -----------------------------------------------------------------$2. 50 ------------------------------------------------------------------

60. 2
63.2
66.6
69. 1
70.9

85. 7
88.2
90.5
92. 0
93. 3

56. 2
59.5
63.6
66.3
68.4

83.5
85. 4
89.0
90. 9
92.8

74.4
77.0
79. 8
81.9
83.2

92. 7
9 4. 2
95.5
96 .2
96. 7

59.7
62. 8
66 .4
69.0
71.0

87. 7
90. 1
92. 2
93. 5
94.6

44. 6
47. 5
50.6
53.4
55. 5

74.0
78.0
81.8
84.4
86.1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

74.6
76. 8
75.1
81.C
82.4

9 5. 1
96.2
96. 8
97.4
97.7

73.1
76. 2
79.0
81.6
83.0

95.4
96.3
97.1
97.7
98.0

85.7
87.2
88.7
89.8
90.6

97.7
98.1
98.4
98. a
98.9

74 .4
76. 5
73.9
81.0
82.4

96.4
97. 8
98.2
98.7
98.8

59.7
62.1
64.6
66.9
69.2

88.3
90. 1
91.2
92.2
93. 1

60 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------80 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------00 ------------------------------------------------------------------

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

W omen

Men

Women

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1 0 0

c

100.0

Number of employees (in thousands) -------------------------

4038.3

2891.5

1049.4

764.3

1164.7

779. 4

1065.8

866.0

758.4

481.9

A v er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ---------------------------------------------

$2. 17

*1.6 1

$2. 28

$1.69

$1.31

$1.42

$2.20

$1.57

$2.59

$1.89

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------




10C. C

.

C)
<
Nj

C
D

00
T a b l e 5.

C u m u la t iv e p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , by e n t e r p r i s e s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s ,
U n ited S ta te s, m e t ro p o lit a n and n o n m e t ro p o lit a n a r e a s , and r e g io n s , June 1966

United States

Enterprises with annual sales of-----

A ve ra ge hourly earnings
$500, 000
$1, 000, 000
or more
$1, 000,000
Under $0. 50 _________________
Under $ 0. 75 _________________
Under $ 1. 00 _________________

Nonmetropolitan areas

Metropolitan areas

1

$ 250,000”
$ 500,000

Le ss than
$ 250, 000

$1, 000, 000
or more

$ 500, 000
to
$ L, 000,000

$250, 000
to
$ 500, 000

Less than
$250, 000

$1, 000, 000
or more

$ 500, 000"
$1, 000,000

$ 250, 000”
$ 500,000

Less than
$250, 000

*
.2
. 9

. 1
1.2
3. 7

.1
. 8
3.8

.3
2.8
9.0

*
.2
. 7

*
.7
2. 6

. i
. 6
2. 1

.1
1.2
4. 0

. 1
.6
2. 1

.2
1.9
5.7

.1
1.2
6 .7

.5
.5 .6
17.3

1.7
2. 1
2. 5
3. 1
3.5

7.4
8.0
9.4
10. 7
11. 4

9. 0
9. 8
12.1
13.6
14.7

17.2
18.2
20. 8
22.7
24.0

1.3
1.6
2 .0
2. 5
2.9

5. 5
5. 8
6.7
7.5
8. 1

6. 3
6. 7
8 .2
9. 1
10.0

10.0
10.6
12. 6
14. 0
15.1

4. C
4. 6
5.5
6. 2
6. 9

10. 5
11.7
13.9
15.9
17.1

13.7
14. 9
18. 7
21.1
22.6

29.2
30.3
34.5
37.2
38.9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.05 _________________
$1.10
............... ..
$ 1. 15 _________________
$ 1. 20
_____________
$ 1. 25 _________________

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$
$
$
$
$

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

30
35
40
45
50

_________________
_________ _____
_________________
_________________
_________________

16.0
21.1
27.2
3 1.6
34. 8

22.4 ■
25.4
29. 5
32.5
34. 5

26. 5
29.4
33.9
3 6.9
38. 6

37.9
41.0
45.2
48.0
49.6

14. 1
19.1
25.1
29.5
32.6

18. 2
21.1
25. 1
2 8.0
29.6

20.3
22. 6
27. 1
30. 1
31. 7

29.1
32.3
36. 5
39.3
4 1 .0

26.3
31.8
38. 3
42. 8
46 .4

29. 6
32.5
36. 9
40.3
42. 8

36.9
40. 8
45.4
48.3
50. 3

52.6
55.5
59.7
62.3
64.0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.

55
60
65
70
75

_________________
_________ _____
_____ _ _______
_
_________________
_________________

40. 3
43 .3
4 6. 6
49. 2
51.6

41.6
43. 6
46.7
48. 8
5 1.0

46.7
48. 7
51.7
53.7
55.6

59.0
60.5
63. 1
65.0
66.3

38.2
41.2
44.5
47.2
49. 6

3 7. 5
3 9.2
42.6
44.7
46. 6

40. 7
42.4
45. 5
47. 6
49 .3

51.5
53. 1
55.9
57. 9
59.1

52. 1
54.9
58.2
60.4
62. 7

48.5
51.0
53.6
55.8
58.4

56.9
59.2
62.2
64. 1
66.2

71.4
72.9
75.0
76.8
78.2

Under
Under
Unde r
Under
Under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 2.

80
85
90
95
00

_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
___ ____________

54.4
56. 5
59.0
6C.8
62. 1

54. 4
56.6
5 9. 4
61.2
62. 3

5 9. 4
61.1
63.5
64. 9
66. 0

70.3
71.7
73.8
74.9
75.7

52.4
54.5
57. 1
58.9
60.3

50. 3
52.4
54. 8
56. 7
57. 7

53.
54.
57.
53.
59.

6
8
3
7
8

64 .0
65 .4
67. 9
69.2
70. 1

65.4
67.5
69. 5
71.0
72.2

61. 3
63.8
67.0
68. 9
70.2

69.2
71.6
74.0
75.2
76.5

80.8
82.0
83. 5
84 .4
85.0

Unde r
Unde r
Under
Under
Under

$2. 10
$ 2. 20
$2. 30
$2.40
$2. 50

...... ............. .....
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________

66. 2
69 .4
72.5
7 5. 1
77.2

67. 6
70. 3
74.0
76. 4
7 8. 1

72.2
74. 5
77.8
79.7
81.0

81. 3
83.3
35. 5
86.6
87.3

64.4
67.7
70.9
73.6
75.7

63. 0
65. 8
69.5
71.9
73.6

66 .2
63. 9
72. 5
7 4. 3
76. 2

76. 5
78.9
81.6
32.8
83 .6

76. 0
78. 9
81 .4
83. 5
85.0

75.3
78.0
81.8
83.9
85. 7

8 2.1
84,0
86.5
87.8
89.0

89.3
90.8
92.0
92. 9
93.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$2.
$3.

_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________

80.2
82.3
84.0
85.7
86. 8

8 1.4
83. 1
85. 1
86. 6
87. 7

83.6
85. 3
86. 7
83. 0
38.7

90.0
91.1
92.1
92.9
93.5

78.8
81. 0
82. 8
84.6
85. 8

77.3
79.1
31.4
3 3.0
84. 3

79. 3
8 1 .4
8 3. 3
85. C
85.8

87.0
38. 6
89.9
90.9
91.6

87.5
88.9
90.4
9 1.6
92.4

88. 4
89.8
91.5
92. 6
93.4

91.0
91.8
92.6
93. 1
93.6

94.9
95.3
9 5. 8
96.3
96.6

Total ---------------------------

100.0

100.0

100. 0

100.0

100.0

1 00.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Number of employees
(in thousands) ----------- ---------

3689.7

653.4

866.1

1720.6

3115.2

410.9

543.4

1075.4

574.6

$?.C9

$2.00

$1.91

$1.69

$2. 14

$2.14

$2.06

$1,84

$1.84

60
70
80
90
00

Av er ag e hourly earnings




__

100.0

100.0

242.6

322.7

645.2

$1.80

$1.69

$1.45




T a b le 5.

C u m u la t iv e p e rc e n t d is t r ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , b y e n t e r p r i s e
s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s , U nited S tate s, m e t r o p o lit a n and n o n m e t ro p o lit a n a r e a s , and r e g io n s , June 1966— C on tin u ed

Northeast
Av erage hourly earnings
$1, 000, 000
or more
Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 1. 00 ------------------------------------------------------------------

South
Enterprises with annual sales of—

$500, 000
to
$1, 000, 000

$250, 000
to
$500, 000

Le ss than
$250, 000

$1, 000, 000
or more

$500, 000
to
$1, 000, 000

$250, 000
to
$500, 000

Less than
$250, 000

.2
2 .4
8 .2

.7
7.3
21.3

*
. 1
. 3

*
*
.4

♦
. 1
.7

_
. ?
1. 6

.1
. 7
2.3

. 3
3. 0
8. 8

.6
.9
1.1
1.4
1. 7

2. 1
2.3
2.8
3.2
3.5

4.1
4.2
5 .0
5. 9
6.6

5.7
5.1
7.2
8. 8
9. 7

3.9
4. 5
5.3
5.8
6.6

14. 8
15. 8
13.0
20.2
21 .3

17.
18.
22.
24*
26.

1
8
8
8
7

34. 7
36.7
4 0 .9
4 3. 0
45. 0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 0 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1, 15 — -— --------- — ------------ ---------------------------—
$ 1 . 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 2 5 ----------------- ------------------------------------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$ 1.

30 ----------------------------------------------------------------35 ----------------------------------------------------------------40 ----------------------------------------------------------------4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------ -—
5 0 ------------------------------ ■
-----------------------------------

10. 7
16.8
22.6
27.6
31.3

l 1.0
15.4
19.8
23.9
26.1

16.6
19.6
24. 1
26 .6
28. 1

25.6
33.0
34.9
38.2
40.0

27.7
33.4
40.9
45 .4
48.7

35. 5
33. 4
42. 8
46. 3
48 .2

42 .5
45. 8
51.0
54.0
56. 5

58. 8
6 1 .4
65 .5
68*1
69 .6

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.55 --------- --------------------------------------------------- -—
$ 1 . 6 0 ------------- *
--------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 0 ------------ ---------------------------------------------------$ 1. 75 -----------------------------------------------------------------

36. 7
40.5
44. 1
46 .8
49. 3

3 4. 9
37. 1
41.7
43 .4
45 .6

38.1
39.4
43.0
45. 4
47.3

50.9
52.5
55.8
57.8
59.0

54.0
56.9
60,1
62.4
64. 7

54. 5
5 6. 5
59. 5
61 .5
63 .8

6 2. 3
64.2
67.2
68 .9
70.7

75.0
76 .5
78 .3
30. 1
81. 5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$ 2.

8 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------00 -----------------------------------------------------------------

52.1
54. 2
57.0
58.7
6C, 0

50.4
52.5
55.3
57.2
58.3

51.7
53.1
56.0
57 .4
58 .8

63.9
65.0
67.9
69.2
70.3

67. 3
69.2
71.3
72.8
73. 9

66. 6
68. 8
71.0
73.0
73.8

73.1
74.9
77.1
78. 5
79. 5

83. 9
34.9
86.4
87. 1
87.6

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$ 2.
$2.
$ 2.
$2.

10
20
30
40
50

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

64.2
67. 6
71.0
73.8
76.4

64. 3
67. 8
72. 5
75.2
77.3

65 .9
69. 0
73.4
76.1
77.5

77.1
79.7
82.3
83.6
84. 5

77.2
79. 7
82. 2
84.4
85. 8

78, 1
80. 9
83.3
8 5.2
36. 1

84.5
86. 1
88.2
89. 2
90.0

9 0 .6
92.1
93.4
93 .9
94. 2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 3.

60 ----------------------------------------------------------------70 ----------------------------------------------------------------8 0 --------------------------- ------------------------------------90 ----------------------------------------------------------------00 -----------------------------------------------------------------

8C. 1
82. 5
84.6
86. 8
88.0

81. 7
83. 5
86. 1
8 7.3
68. 1

81.6
83. 7
86.3
88. 1
88.9

88.3
90.1
91.3
92.3
92.7

88.0
89.2
90.5
91.5
92.3

8 3. 9
90. 2
91 .5
92.5
93.0

91.8
93. 2
93. 7
9 4.2
94 .6

9 5 .4
95 .8
96 .4
96. 9
97. 2

Total --------------------------------------------------------------------

100.0

1CO.O

100. 0

100.0

100.0

100. 0

100.0

100.0

Nu mber of employees (in thousands) -------------------------

984.4

156. 1

212.6

460.7

994.2

192. 2

241.0

516.7

Av e ra g e hourly e a r n i n g s ----------------— -------------------------

*2. 14

*2.11

$2.05

$1. 86

$1.8 3

$1.73

$1.61

$1.38

CO

(0

T a b l e 5.

C u m u la t iv e p e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , by e n t e r p r i s e
S a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s , U n ite d S t a te s , m e t ro p o lit a n and n o n m e t ro p o lit a n a r e a s , and r e g io n s , June 1966— C o n tin u ed

North Central
Av e ra g e hourly earnings
$1, 000, 000
or more
Under $0. 50 ___________________________
Under $0. 7 5 ___________________________
Under $1.00 ___________________________

West

En terprises with annual sales of—
$500, 000
to
$1, 000, 000

$250, 000
to
$500, 000

*

Le s s than
$250, 000

*
. 1
.5

.9
3.5

.5
4. 2

.2
2 .0
7. 3

$1, 000, 000
or more
*
.2
.3

$500, 000
to
$1, 000,000

$250, 000
to
$500, 000
.

Le s s than
$250, 000

. 1
.2
. 3

. 1
. 5

. 1
.4
1 .8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.

05
10
15
20
25

___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
_____________________ -____

1.4
1.7
2.4
3.0
3.4

8. 1
9. 0
1 1. 0
12.3
1 3. 5

9. 9
10.7
13.9
16. 1
17. 1

17.5
18.4
21.9
24.3
25.7

.7
. 7
. 8
1.4
1.6

1.2
1. 3
1. 6
2. 4
2. 8

1.6
1.7
2 .2
2. 4
2. 9

4. 4
4. 6
5.9
6 .9
7.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1. 30
$ 1. 35
$ 1. 40
$1.45
$ 1. 50

___________________________
-------- ----------------------------__________________________
__________________ ;_______
___________________________

16. 3
21.1
27.5
3 2.4
35.8

26.6
29. 1
3 3. 6
3 6. 0
38.0

30. 1
32. 1
36.3
3 9.2
40. 7

40. 8
43.0
47.1
49.7
51.4

5. 8
8. 8
12. 1
15. 3
17.3

9.8
11.6
14. 3
16. 5
18. 1

8. 5
12.7
16.6
20. 0
21.4

17. 0
20. 3
2 3.6
26.2
27.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.

55
60
65
70
75

___________________________
______________ _____________
___________________________
___________________________
------------ -------------------------

41.8
44.6
48.0
50.2
52.6

44.8
46.8
49. 3
51. 5
53.4

49.4
51.0
54.5
56. 5
58. 4

60.8
62.6
65.1
66.7
67.9

22.8
25. 1
2 8.0
31.6
34.0

24.6
26.2
28. 6
31. 3
33. 7

31. 3
32.9
34.5
36. 8
33. 5

41 .5
42. 7
45. 3
47 .6
49.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 2.

80
85
90
95
00

___________________________
___________________________
__________________________
__________________________
_____________________ _____

55.6
5 7. 8
60.2
61.8
63.2

56.4
59. 1
61.9
63. 7
6 5.0

63. 1
65.2
67. 7
69. 2
70.4

71.2
72. 7
74.2
75.3
76.1

36. 8
39. 0
41 .7
44. 1
46.0

36.9
38.8
42. 0
43. 6
44. 9

42. 2
4 3. 1
45 .3
46. 1
47.2

55. 8
57. 8
60. 6
6 2 .2
63.1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2. 10
$ 2. 20
$ 2. 30
$2. 40
$ 2. 50

___________________________
_____ _____ ________-_______
___________________________
_____________________ _____
___________________________

67.6
71.0
74. 3
76.5
78.6

70. 5
72.8
76. 2
7 8. 8
80. 5

76.2
78.1
80.4
82.3
83.5

81.9
83.9
86.1
87.5
8 8.1

50. 5
54. 4
57. 6
60.9
63.2

50.6
52.8
57. 0
59. 9
62. 4

54. 4
58.0
6 2.7
65. 0
6 7. 3

71.0
73.3
76. 1
77.5
78, 5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2.
$ 2.
$2.
$ 2.
$3.

___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________

81.5
83. 8
8 5.6
87.2
88. 1

83 .3
8 5. 0
86. 4
87.9
8 9.0

85. 4
87.0
88. 4
3^. 7
90.4

90.6
91.4
92.4
92.9
93. 5

66.4
69. 0
70. 9
72.8
74.9

6 6.0
68. 2
71. 5
74. 3
76. 6

7 0 .6
71.9
73.4
75. 1
76. 1

82. 6
84. 1
8 5. 8
87. 1
88, 2

60
70
80
90
00

Total __ _______ ___________________
Number of employees (in thousands)
A ve rag e hourly earnings




____________

100. 0

100.0

100.0

100. 0

100.0

100.0

1048.0

185. 5

260.4

437.8

663.1

119. 7

152. 1

305.4

$2 .07

SI .95

$1.85

SI. 70

f 2.46

S 2.4 5

$2.3 6

S2.02

1 0 0 .C

100. 0




T ab le

6.

C u m u la tiv e p e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , by e s t a b lis h m e n t
s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s , U n i t e d S t a t e s , m e t r o p o l i t a n and n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , a n d r e g i o n s , J un e 1966

United States

Me tro po li ta n a r ea s

Ave ra ge hourly earnings
$ 250, 000
or more

$ 150,000
to
$ 250,000

Le ss than
$ 150, 000

$ 250, 000
or m o r e

Under $0. 50 ________________________ -_____
Under $0. 75 __________ ____________________
Under $ 1. 00 _______________________________

*
. 3
1. 3

. 1
1. 5
5.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$
$
$
$
$

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

05
10
15
20
25

_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
....... ................................. .....
_____________ _________________

2. 7
3.0
3.8
4 .4
4. 9

11.9
13.9
15.7
17. 0

19.4
2 0 . 6
23. 7
25.7
27.0

1.7
2 .3
9 .5
2. 9
3.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$
$
$
$
$

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

30
35
40
45
50

.......................................... .
____ _________ ________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________ _____

16. 7
2 1 . 1
26 .7
30.7
33. 6

3 0. 5
34. 4
38.3
4 1.7
4 3. 8

41 .9
45.1
49. 8
52.7
54. 4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$
$
$
$
$

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

55
60
65
70
75

_______________________________
__ __________________________
_______________________________
_______________________ _____
_______________________________

39. 7
42 .4
45 .6
48. 1
50.4

52.4
54.3
57. 4
5 9.6
61.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1. 80
$ 1. 85
$ 1. 90
$1.95
$ 2. 00

_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______ _______________________
_____________ _______________

53.5
55.5
58. 1
59. 9
61.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2. 10
$ 2. 20
$2.30
$ 2. 40
$2. 50

_______________________________
_______________________________
______________________________
____________________ ________
_______________________________

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2.
$2.
$ 2.
$2.
$3.

_______________________________
_______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______ _______________________

60
70
80
90
00

Total ________________________________
Nu mb er of employees (in thousands) ___
A v e ra g e hourly earnings

_____________

N on me tro p oli ta n ar e as

Estab lish men ts with annual sales of—

__

Le ss than
$ 150, 000

$ 250, 000
or m o r e

$ 150,000
to
$ 250, 000

Less than
$ 150, 000

*
. 6
2.5

. 1
1.5
5 .2

. 1
.7
3.0

.2
3.3
11.4

6 . 1
18.7

. 7
7.2

10 .2
11.3

12.1
1 2 . 8
15. 1
16. 7
17.8

6 .4
7.1
8 . 7
9. 9
10. 9

20.3
2 1 .5
24.4
27. 1
29. 0

31.1
33. 1
37. 4
4 0. 2
41.8

14.0
18.4
2 4.0
28.0
3 0. 9

24. 1
28. 0
32. 1
35.2
37.0

32.3
36. 2
4 1 ,3
44 .4
46. 1

26.9
31.4
37.0
41 .0
43. 3

43. 9
47 .6
52.7
55.2
57. 7

6

63.2
65. 0
67. 4
69.2
70.5

37.0
39.7
42.9
45.5
47.9

46. 3
48.4
51.7
54. 1
55.7

56. 1
58 . 2
60. 8
62.7
64. 1

49 .9
52.7
55. 9
58.0
60.4

64. 9

65 .4
67. 2
69. 3
70. 9
71. 7

74.2
75.4
77.4
78.3
79.0

50.9
52.9
55.5
57.3
58.7

60. 3
61.9
64.1
65. 9
66.7

6 8 . 5
69. 3
72. 1
73 .2
74. 0

6 5 .9
69. 1
72. 4
74.9
76.9

77.2
79.6
3. 5
4. 5

84. 0
85. 6
87.6
38.6
89.2

63.3
66.5
69.9
72 .6
74.7

72.6
75.5
78. 2
79. 9
81.1

80. 0
82. C
83.9
85.5

8

7.1
88.4
3 9. 6
90. 6
9 1.2

91 .6
9 2.7
93.6
94.4
94. 8

77.9
80. ?
82.1
3 3.8
85.1

84.1
85.6
87. 1
88.4
89. 2

8 6 .6

ICC. C

1 1 .1

8 2 .0
8
8

100.0

*

$ 150, 000
to
$ 250,000

.3
3 .3
10.4

. 3

.2

.

.

8

6

8 .8

.6

56. 5
59. 5
3. 5

6 6 .1

67.

8

69.1
71.1
73.2

74. 5
76. C
78.2
79.8
3 0. 9

6

3. 3
65. 5
67. 9
69. 6
70. 8

75.9
78.2
80. 0
81.2
8 1.9

93.4
3 4.5
85.9
36. 5
87.2

79. 8
81 .7
84.3
95.4
36. 1

75. 8
78. 7
81.7
83.7
85. 2

86.5
. 1
89. 9
91.0
91.6

90. 8
92.0
92.9
93. 6
94. 1

8 9 .2
90.7
91. 8
92. 8
9 3.4

87. 9
89. 1
90.6
91.6
92.4

93.5
94. 1
94 .6
95.2
95. 4

95.5
95. 9
96. 5
96.9
97.2

6 6 .6

8 8

0

100. 0

1 0 0. 0

100.0

100. C

4714.2

863. 9

1351.7

3728.2

582.4

334. 2

986. 0

28 1.4

517. 5

$2.08

$1.81

$ 1 . 62

$2.16

$1.94

$1.76

$1.83

$1.57

$1.40

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0 .0

T a b l e 6.

C u m u la t iv e p e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , by e s t a b lis h m e n t
s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s , U n ite d S ta te s, m e t r o p o lit a n and n o n m e t ro p o lit a n a r e a s , an d r e g io n s , June 1966— C o n tin u ed

Establishments with annual sales of—

A ver age hourly earnings
$250, 000
or more
Under $0. 50 _________________
Under $0.75 — -----------------Under $ 1. 0 0 _________________

*
. 1

.4

$ 150,000
$250, 000
*
.2
. 7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1. 05
$ 1. 10
$1.15
$ 1. 20
$ 1. 25

_________________
..........................
— ____________
_________________
________ ________

2 . 2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.

. ---- -----------___________ ___
_________________
_________________
... ..................

. 2
1 5. 5
20.7
25.3
28. 6

2 0 .1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.55 .................. . ~
$ 1. 60 ....................
$ 1. 65 --- ------ ----$ 1. 70 ....................
$ 1. 75 ___________ _

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$ 2.

80
85
90
95
00

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2. 10
$ 2. 20
$2.30
$2.40
$2.50

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$3.

$250, 000
or more

. 1

1.7

. 8
2.9

. 5

5.5

.1

$ 150,000
to
$250, 000

Le s s than
$ 150, 000

1 . 1
2 . 8
3.2
4.2
4 .9
5. 4

.8

6 .1

24.5
26. 3
30.2
32.4
34.3

39.2
40 .6
44. 8
46. 9
48.9

2 5.3
3 0.3
33.3
35.3

29.4
34.1
39. 9
43.4
45 .4

28. 7
33.6
40.5
44. 8
47. 8

51.1
54.4
59.2
62.0
64. 0

62.1
64.8
6 8 . 9
71 .4
7 3.0

35.0
37. 9
41. 7
44.2
46.6

44.7
47.4
51.5
54.1
56.0

56.0
58.4
61.3
63.1
64.2

53.5
56.2
59.4
61 .5
63.8

70.4
71.8
74.5
76.9
78.9

______ __ - __
_________________
------------------------------- -----------_____ _____

49. 8
51.9
54. 8
56.5
57.8

60. 3
61. 7
64. 5
67. 5

69.0
70.0
72.6
73.5
74.6

66.4
6 8 . 5
70.7
72.3
73.4

-----------------------_________________
.........................
„ ------- ..
...... ................. .

62 .8
66. 3
7C.2
73. 1
75. 6

74.2
77. 4
80. 1
81. 6
83.3

80.4
82.4
84.7
85.9
8 6 . 5

77.2
79.7
82.3
84.3
85.6

60 _____________

79.6
81.9
84 .2

86.9
89. 0
90. 3
91.7
92.3

89.3
91.6
92.7
93. 7
94.0

89.3
90.5
91.6
92 .3

70
80
90
00

_________________
_________________
_________________
.........................

Number of employees
(in thousands) ______________
Av er ag e hourly earnings

—

1 0

8 6 .2

8 7 .4

3. 7
4. 1
4. 9
5. 7
7.1

6 6 .6

6

1 0 .0
1 0 .6

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1230.2

230.2

353.4

$2.15

$1.93

$1.79

1 0 0 .0

8 8 .0

$ 150,000
$ 250, 000

Le s s than
$ 150,000

♦

8.5
24. 2

7. 4
3. 3
9. 2

1 .1

1.3
1. 5
1.9

$ 250,000
or more

.3
4. 1
14.0

8 .2

Total ---------------------------




Le ss than
$ 150,000

6 .8

30
35
40
45
50

West

North Central

South

Northeast

.2

$250, 000
or more
*

.2

. 8
4. 3
10.5
. 1
13.3
15.8
17.0
1 1

.
8 .

2

$250, 000
. 1

1

.2

.2

1

.3

.6

19.4

. 7

2 .2

.8

2 0 .6

2 .2

24.9
2 7. 8
29.2

1 .0

45.2
47. 7
52.2
55.0
56. 7

6

28.2
32.2
35 .2

3 0. 9
33.7
38. 3
41.1
43. 3

77.3
79. 0
80.5
82. 1
83.2

4 1 .5
44. 3
47 .5
49.7
52.0

52.1
54.2
57 .0
59.0
60 .7

81.4
82.6
83.9
85. 1
85. 6

85. 5
96 .4
8 8 . 0
89.0

55. 3
57. 5
60.0
61. 7
63. 1

8 8 .8

90.5
92.2
93.0
93 .2

91.7
93 .0
94. 1
94.7
95. 1

94. 5
95.1
95.7
96.3
96.5

96. 1
96. 5
97 .0
97 .4
97.6

8 8 .6

$ 150,000

1.4
1 .6

.1

.4
2 .1

5.3
5.5
6 .9
7.9
8 .6

13.6
17.9

18.6

1 2 .1

2 1 .0

15. 1
16.9

23.9
25. 8

25.9
23. 8
30.2

65.4
67 .2
70.2
71. 7
72.7

23 .0
25. 1
27.8
31.1
33.4

36.5
3 8.1
40. 5
42.2
43.6

44 .6
45 .9
48.5
51.2
53.4

64. 7
67. 5
69. 1
70.4
7 1 .4

75.6
76. 3
78.4
79.3
80. 1

36.3
38.3
4 1 .0
43.1
44.9

49. 5
51.3
54.1
56.1
57.1

59.2
61.4
63.7
65.1
65.8

67 .9
71.1
7 4 .4
76 .7
78.6

77.1
79.3
8 1 .8
83.7
84.6

8

5.2
87.0
88.9
89. 8
9 0 .4

50.1
53.9
57.5
60.6
62.9

63.9
66.7
69.6
71.6
73.1

73.3
74.9
77.8
79.3
80.5

81 .6
83.8
85.5
87. 1
8 8 . 1

87.0

92.6
93. 3
94 .2
9 4 .7
95 .4

6 6 .2

76. 5
78.0
80.0
81.2
82.6

84.5

89.0
90. 1
90 .5

18.

1

2 2 .1

8 8 .0

. 1
8.9

2.9
4 .6
5. 0

Le ss than
$ 150,000

6 8 .6

70.7
72.7
74.6

1 0 0 .0

1286.8

246.0

411.3

1342.0

224.0

365.9

855.3

163.7

221.3

$1.81

$1.48

$1.33

$2.05

$1.83

$1.62

$2.46

$2.18

$1 .96

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

8 6 .2

87.8
89.2
90.1

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

2 1 . 8

1 0 0 .0

T a b le 7.

N u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o r k ,
U n ited S ta te s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

Weekly hours of work
Number

Percent

Number

Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over ------------------------------------------------------------------

577.2
159S.9
681.2
1827.0
368.2
306.9
368.6
12CC.8

8 .3
23.1
9. 8
26. 4
5.3
4 .4
5.3
17.3

185.5
50 5 .4
230.2
447.0
92.1
54. 8
79 .3
219.6

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

6929.8

A v er ag e weekly hours

Table

8

.

1 0 0 .0

1 2 .1

103.0

Percent

Number

121.3
339.3
174.4
489.4

. 2
17.5
9. 0
25.2
6 . 3
5. 8
7.1
23. 1

165. 6
478.8
179.0
48 1.5
99 .9
80. 5
105.1
341. 5

6

1 2 1 .6
1 1 2 .1

137.8
448.2
1944.1

33.9

1 0 0 .0

Percent

Number

24. 8
9 .3
24.9
5.2
4 .2
5.4
17.7
1 0 0 .0

Percent

104.9
27 6 .4
9 7. 7
409. 1
54.6
59.5
4 6 .4
191.6

8 .6

1931.8

38.9

Northeast

United States

Under 15 ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over
— ------------------------------- -------- -------T o t a l -------------------------------------------------------------------Number of employees (in thousands) -------------------------




27.9
12.7
24.6
5.1
3. 0
4.4

Number

8.5
22.3
7.9
33.0
4.4
4 .8
3.7
15.5

1240.2

1 0 0 .0

36.1

36.2

Percent distribution of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work, by metropolitan and ncnmetropolitan areas,
United States and regions, June 1966

Weekly hours of work

A v er ag e weekly hours

1 0 .2

1813.7

36.3

------------------------------------------------

Percent

------------------------------------------------

Metro­
politan
areas
8 .8

24.6
1 C.5
28. 5
5.3
3.9
4.6
l 3. 8
1 0 0 .0

Nonmetro­
politan
areas
7.0
18.R
7. 9
2 0 . 1
5.3
6 . 1
7.3
2 7. 5
1 0 0 .0

Metro­
politan
areas
10.4
28.3
13.2
25.4
4.9
2.4
3. 9
11.3
1 0 0

.

0

5144.9

1785.0

1541.5

35.4

39.0

33.6

South

Nonmetro­
politan
areas

M e tr o ­
politan
areas

9.3
25.4
9. 7

19. 1

2 0 .1

28.3

5. 9
6 .4
6 .8

16.4
1 0 0 .0

272.2
35. 5

6 .2
1 0 .1
6 .6

4 .9
6 . 5
18.4
1 0 0 .0

West

North Central

Nonmetro­
politan
areas
6.3
14.6
7. 0
19.6
5.6
7. 3
8 .2

31. 5

Metro­
politan
areas
9.4
26 .7
9.8
28 .3
5.2
4. 1
4 .5
11.9

Nonmetro­
politan
areas
6 .6

20.3
8 . 0
17.0
5. 1
4. 3
7 .6
31. 0

M et r o­
politan
areas
8 .7
22 .9
7.8
33.9
4.4
4 .4
3 .5
14.3

Nonmetro­
politan
areas
7 .5
19.7
8 . 1

29.2
4 .2
6 .4
4 .6
2 0 .2

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1248.8

695.3

1350. 0

581.8

1004.6

235.6

38,0

40.5

34.7

3 9. 4

35.8

37.5

T a b le 9.

P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s of w o rk ,
by sex, U nited State s and r e g io n s , June 1966

United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

Weekly hours of work
Men
Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 35 -------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 40 -------------------------------------------------------------40 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over ------------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------Number of employees (in thousands) ------------------------Av er ag e weekly hours




-------------------------------------------------

7.7
18.6
5. 1
23.8
5. 3
6 .2

7. 1
26. 1

Women
9.2
29.3
16. 4
30. 0
5. 4
1. 9
2 . 8
5. 0

Men
9.6
2 1 .8

6 .5
25.6
6 .0

4 .5
6.5
19.5

Women
1 1 .0

35.1
21.3
23.3
3 .9
1 .0

1.4
2 .0

Men
5. 8
14.7
4. 7
20.4
5. 4
7 .4
8. 9
32. 9

Women
7.0
. 6
15.4
32. 3
7.6
3. 3
4. 4
8.4

2 1

Men
7. 8
19.5
4 .7
2 1 . 6

4 .9
6 .0

7. 4
28. 1

Women
9. 5
31. 2
14.9
29.0
5.5
1.9
3.0
4 .8

Men

Women

8 .1

19.
4.
29.
4.
7.
4.
22.

1
6

4
7
0
9
3

9.0
27.3
13.1
38.6
4.0
1.4
1.9
4 .7

1 0 0 .0

103.0

1 0 0 .0

.

0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

4C38.3

2891.5

1049.4

754.3

1164.7

779.4

1065.

8

8 6 6 .0

75 8. 4

481.9

38.6

33.2

36.2

30.7

41.2

35.6

38.

8

37.7

33.6

1 0 0 .0

10 0

.C

1 0 0

.

0

1 0 0

32.9

T a b l e 10.

P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o r k , b y e n t e r p r i s e s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s ,
U n it e d S tate s, m e t r o p o lit a n an d n o n m e t ro p o lit a n a r e a s , an d r e g io n s , J une 1966

United States

Metropolitan area:

Weekly hours of w ork
$1 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0
or more
Under 15 _____________________
15 and under 35 _____________
35 and under 40 -------------------

7 .9
24.2
1 2 .2

29.4
Over 40 and under 44 _______
Over 44 and under 48 _______
48 and over ___________________
Total

___________________

Nu m be r of employees
(in thousands) ______________
A v er ag e weekly hours ______

Nonmetropolitan areas

Enterprises with annual sales of—

6 .2

3.9
4.8
1 1 .2

.

$500,
to
$1 , 0

0 0

000

,000

6.3
16.4
7.5
24.1
4. 4
6 . 7
7.2
27.3

$250, 000
to
$500, 000

L e s s than
$250, 000

7. 7
19.3
7.0

10.4
25.1
7 .0

2 2 .1

2 2 .8

5.3
5. 4
7. 5
25. 8

3.8
4.1
4.5
22.4

$1 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0
or more
8 .1

25.0
12.5
30.5
6 . 1
3.8
4. 5
9 .5

$500, 000
to
0 0 0 ,000

$1 ,

7.3
19.3
7.9
23.7
4. 8
3.9
6.9
2 1 . 2

$250, 000
to
$500, 000
. 8
0. 9
8 . 1
25. 1
5. 3
5. 0
8

2

6 .0
2 0

.

8

Le ss than
$250, 000
1 1 .3
27.3
6.9
24 .7
3. 2
3 .4
3 .4
19.7

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

3685.7

653.4

8 6 6 .1

1720.6

3115.2

410.9

54 3.4

35.5

39.6

36.0

35.0

37.9

36 .8

1 0 0

0

38. 3

$1 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0
or more
6. 7
2 0 . 1
10.7
23 .9

$500, 000
to
0 0 ,000

$1 , 0

Total

_________________________________________

9 .0
29. 5
15.5
24. 8
6 .2

2.5
4. 3
8. 2

7.7

6 .8

6 .6

16.4
3.7

4.7

1 1 .6

6 .8

7.6
37.7

20.5

9.3
24 .4
5.1
4. 3
5. 4
19.5

.

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0

156. 1

A v er ag e weekly hours ____________________________

33.

36.7

6

9 .4
2 2 .0

10.4
26. 3
4. 3
4. 4
7. 0
17.9

984.4

0

Total

_____________________________

Numb er of employees (in thousands)
Av er ag e weekly hours ________________




8 . 5
25. 7
11. 5
29.4
5.7
4. 1
4. 4
10.7

7.1
17.7
6 .8

21.4
3.5
6 .2
8 .6

28.7

34.1

8.9
21 .4
7 .0
19.7
4 .7
5 .2
6 .3
26.8

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1075.4

574.6

242.6

322.7

645.2

34 .9

37.9

42.5

40 .9

37.7

8 .6

5 .8
13.6
5.4
20.3
5.5
6 .9

7 .3
17 .8
5.9
2 1 .9
4.4
6.7

7.6
37. 1

1 1 . 8

6 .0

30.7

30.1

14.1
29.1
9.0
23.9
2.9
2 .8

3.2
15.0

6 .3
19.4
11.9
29.2
7 .6
4 .4
6.4
14. 8

3.9
1 1 .2
6 .6

19.5
5.3

1 0 0

.

0

103.0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

2 1 2

.

6

463.7

9 9 4 .2

192.2

241.0

516.7

35.9

32.7

37.4

42 .5

4 0 .9

3 9 .6

8 .2

1 0 . 6

North Central
Under 15 _______________________________
15 and under 35 _______________________
35 and under 40 _______________________
40 ________________________________________
Over 40 and under 44 _________________
44 ________________________________________
Over 44 and under 4 8 _________________
48 and over ____________________________

6 .2
1 0 .1

Le s s than
$250, 000

South

2 2 .0

Numb er of employees (in thousands) ___________

5.7
16.6
5.2
16.9
5.2

4 .6
1 1 .6

Northeast
Under 15 ___________________________________________
15 and under 35 ___________________________________
35 and under 40 -------------------------------------------------40 ____________________________________________________
Over 40 and under 44 _____________________________
44 ____________________________________________________
Over 44 and under 4 8 _____________________________
48 and over _________________________________________

$250, 000
to
$500, 0 0 0

7 .6
21.4
6.9
17.7
5.6
4 .6
7.2
29.0

West
1 0 .0

27.7
6.4
19.9
4. 4
3.1
5.6
22.9

7. 8
21.3
9. 1
36.8
4 .9
5 .0
4 .0
1 1 .1

7.0
15 .7
6 .3
32.8
4 .5
7.5
4.5
21.7

2 0 .8

6 .4
28.9
4 .6
5.6
4 .4
2 1 . 2

27 .8
6 . 6
2 6 .8
3.1
3 .0
2 .5
19 .7

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1C48.0

18 5.5

260.4

437.8

663. 1

119.7

152.1

305.4

38.6

35.7

35.9

38 . 5

37.3

35.1

35. 1

3 9.

8

11. P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by w e e k ly h o u r s of w o r k , b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s a l e s - s i z e c l a s s e s ,
U n ite d S ta te s, m e t ro p o lit a n and n o n m e t ro p o lit a n a r e a s , and r e g io n s , June 1966

United States

Metropolitan areas

Weekly hours of work
$250, 000
or more
Under 15 _____________________
15 and under 35 _ _______ __
35 and under 40
40 _ __
_
Over 40 and under 44 _______
44 ---------— —
— --------------------------Over 44 and under 48
_____
48 and over ___________________
Total

___________________

Nonmetropolitan areas

7. 3
22.3

1 .1
1

28. 3
5. 5
4 .6
5.6
14.9
1 0 0 .0

$ 150,000
to
$250, 000
9.0
22.9
8 .0

23.4
4. 8
4. 2
4. 7
23.1
1 0 0 .0

Le ss than
$ 150,000
11.3
25.9
6. 7
21. 7
3.5
4 .0
4.7
2 2 . 1
1 0 0 .0

$250, 000
or more
7.8
?3 .3
1 1 .8

33.2
6 .0

4.0
4.9
11.4
103.0

$ 150,000
to
$250, 000
9. 5
24.9
8 . 1
25.9
4 .4
3. 1
3. 9
20. 3
1 0 0

.

0

Le ss than
$ 150, 000
12.5
2 8. 0
6 . 6
2 2 . 8
2. 9
3. 6
3. 8
19.7
1 0 0

.

0

Numb er of employees
(in thousands) ______________

4714.2

863.9

1351.7

3723.2

58 2.4

834.2

A ve ra ge weekly hours ______

36 .5

36.9

35. 5

35. 5

36.0

34.4

$25 0 ( 00
.,
or more
5. 5
16.9
8, 4
2 0 . 8
5.6
6.7
8 .2

28.0
1 0 0 .0

____

Number of employees (in thousands) _____
A ver age weekly hours ________




5.4
17.2
10.5
27.1
7.2
5.4
7.7
19.4
1 0 0 .0

7.2
17.7
6 .2

22.3
6.5
5. 9
5. 6
28.7

$ 150,000 1
Le s s than
to
1
$ 150, 000
$250, 000 |
8 . 0
18,7
7 .7
18.2
5. 6
6.4
6 , 5
28. 9

9. 5
22. 5
6 . 9
19. 8
4.5
4. 7
6 .1

26 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

986. 0

281.4

517.5

3 8 .7

37 .3

South
Under 15 _______________________
15 and under 35
35 and under 40
40 _______________ ____________
Over 40 and under 44
_____ —
--------------4 4 __________ _ _____ _____ ___
Over 44 and under 48
_______ ... — ............ — .......... .....
48 and over ________ __ __ __
Total _ __ __ __

Northeast

ith annual sales of—
Establishments wr

o
o

T a b le

$250, 000
or more
8 . 6
27 .4
14.6
25. 1
6 .0

3.0
4.7
10.7
1 0 0

.

0

2 0 .8

3.3
. 7
. 0
31.0
6
6

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1286.8

246.0

411. 3

38.7

39.4

39 .4

8 . 1
23.8
1 0 . 1
27.4
5.4
4. 6
5.5
15. 2
1 0 0 .0

8 .0

22.9
8.9
20. 3
5.4
3. 5
6 .0

25 .0
1 0 0

.

0

11.7
27.3
9 .4
23.6
3.4
3. 5
3. 7
17.4

Le s s than
$ 150,000
15.0
29. 9
8.3
23.6
3.0
2 .7
3.9
13.6
.

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0

1230.2

230.2

353.4

34.4

3 4. 0

32.1

North Central
8. 2
18.0
5. 9

$ 150,000
to
$ 250,000

0

West
. 8
29.6
6 , 3
18.8
4 .3
2 .9
5.0
2 2 . 2
1 0

7.3
20.4
8.4
35.9
4.9
5.5
4 .0
13.6

9.5
24.5
7.3
28. 8
3.3
3.6
3.1
2 0 .0

1 2 .2

28.1
6 . 3
24.8
3.3
3.0
3.3
19.1

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1342.0

224.0

365.9

855.3

163. 7

221.3

36.2

37,6

35. 0

36.6

36. 3

34.4

T a b le 12.

P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s h a v in g s p e c ifi e d a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s b y
w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o r k , U n ite d S ta te s and r e g io n s , June 1966

Employees with average hourly earnings of—
Weekly hours of work

All
employees

$
Under
$ 1.00

1 .0 0

and
under
$ 1. 15

$ 1. 15
and
under
$ 1. 25

$ 1. 25
and
under
$ 1.35

---- |TT35----- — P T ? o —
and
and
under
under
$ 1.50
$ 1. 75

$ 1. 75
and
under
$2 . 00

— T2700—
and
under
$2. 50

—

W2 730

and
under
$3. 00

$3. 00
and
over

United States
Under 15----------------------------------------- -----------15 and under 35-----------------------------------------35 and under 40-----------------------------------------40 to and including 42-------------------------------Ove r 42 and under 4 4 ------------------------------44 and under 48-----------------------------------------48 and o v e r -----------------------------------------------Total--------------------------------------------------

8.3
23.1
9.8
29.8
1.9

13.0
26.1

1 1 .6

9. 8
30.5

17.3
1 0

C.G

12.7
32.4

6 .1

14.4

8 .2

26.8
10.9
18.8

8 .1

15.3
1.5
9.9
21.5

1 .2

2 .2
1 1 .6

14.5
36.5
13.1
19.5

8.5
32.0
14.3
22.5
1.5
8.3
14.3

1 .2

6. 3

23.8

1 0 0 .0

ICO.O

1

1 0 .1

CC.C

1 0 0 .0

10 0 .0

8 .8

26.6
10.4
27.5
1.5
9.7
17.0
1 0 0 .0

6 .0

18.4
9 .4
32.8
1.7
1 2 .0

21 .4
1 0 0 .0

5.6
16.1
8.7
35.1
2 .1

14.6
19.9

3.7
9.4
6.3
45.0
3.1
17.9
17.7

3.7
6.4
6 .0

48.4
3.0
18.4
17.1

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

N um ber of employees (in thousands)------

6929.8

245.9

372.8

125.3

1159.5

793.0

1164.1

713.5

986.8

592.5

776.5

A v er ag e weekly h o u r s ------------------------------

36.3

36.6

34.1

37.3

31.1

34.4

35.6

38.2

38.7

40.1

40.5

15.1
49.2
7.6
14.2
.9
7.9
5.9

22.7
42.3
9.5

13.6
38.3
18.3
16.0

19.7
46.9
11.5
14.1

6 .1

2.9
9 .2
9.2
44.9
5.1
16.2
17.5

3.8
6.4
10.7
47.1
5.6
17.1
14.9

Northeast
Under 15-----------------------------------------------------15 and under 35-----------------------------------------35 and under 40-----------------------------------------40 to and including 42------------------------------Over 42 and under 4 4 ------------------------------44 and under 48-----------------------------------------48 and o v e r ------------------------------------------------

1 0 .2

27.9
12.7
27.4
2.4
9.8
1 2 .1

.4

1 .2

5. C
. 7

6 .1

6.9

8

.6
2 .8

4. 9

1 1 .8

32.6
14.3
22.4
1 .6
8

.C

1 0 .8

7.9
2 2 .2

13.2
30.0
1.9
1 1 . 1

15.7

18.5
12.9
31.8
2 .8

13.2
17.4

CC.C

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

Num ber of employees (in thousands)------

1813.7

12.5

46.6

2 1 .8

288.6

223.8

336.0

2 0 1 .0

296.8

193.0

193.6

Av e ra g e weekly h o u r s ------------------------------

33.9

28.4

27.C

30.8

26.5

30.3

32.5

36.0

37.6

40.1

40.0

6 .2

11.4

9.2
27.1
14.5
24.9

4.3

4. 4
15.0
7.9
34.1

2 .6

2 0 .6

9.C
24.1
7.1
17.4
1.3
12.4
30.0

6 .8

17.5
9.0
25.4

3.6
8.9
5.4
38.8
2.4

3.1
6.7
4.1
43.9

2 1 .1

22.4
19.7

4.2
4.0
4.2
43.3
2.5
24.2

Total--------------------------------------------------

1

CC.G

1 0 0

.C

1 2 .6

1 1 .8

43.1
16.1
16.3
l. C
4.8
7.9

1 0 0 .0

1

South
Under 15-----------------------------------------------------15 and under 35-----------------------------------------35 and under 40-----------------------------------------40 to and including 42------------------------------Over 42 and under 4 4 ------------------------------44 and under 48-----------------------------------------48 and o v e r -----------------------------------------------Total -------------------------------------------------

2 .0

14.9
23.1
1CC.0

5.4
15.4
1.3
11.3
35.8
1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

15.9
7.6
17.6
2 .2

13.6
26.7

1 .8

15.7
36.3

2 0 .6

9.4
15.0

1 0

2 .2

14.4
2 0 .5

2 .2

14.5
24.1

8.7
6 .8

38.0
2.3
17.9
25.9

2 .6

2 0 .2

C. 0

1 0 0 .0

1

CC. 0

ICO.O

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

ICO.O

1 0 0 .0

2 0 1 .2

1C4.3

117.7

41 .3

41 .4

N um ber of employees (in thousands)------

1944.1

170.1

183.2

50.5

429.1

239.9

284.2

163.9

A ve ra ge weekly h o u r s ------------------------------

38.9

38.8

37.8

41.5

35.3

38.7

40.0

41.7




22.3

41.0

A

T a b l e 12.

P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s h a v in g s p e c ifi e d a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s b y
w e e k ly h o u rs o f w o rk , U n ite d S tate s and r e g io n s , June 1966— C on tin u ed

Employees with average hourly earnings of—
Weekly hours of work

All
employees

Under
$ 1 .0 0

$1 .0 0
and
under
$1.15

$1715
and
under
$ 1. 25

$ 1. 25
and
under
$ 1. 35

$ 1. 35
and
under
$ 1. 50

$ 1.50
and
under
$ 1. 75

$ 1. 75
and
under
$2 . 00

$2 . 00
and
under
$ 2 . 50

$2.50
and
under
$3.00

$3. 00
and
over

North Central
Under 15-----------------------------------------------------15 and under 35------------------------------------------35 and under 40------------------------------------------40 to and including 42-------------------------------Over 42 and under 4 4 -------------------------------44 and under 48-----------------------------------------48 and o v e r ------------------------------------------------Total--------------------------------------------------

8 .6

24.8
9.3
28.4
1.7
11.3
17.7
1 0 0

.C

16.9
38.0
8 .1
1 0 .1

1.3
5.8
2 1 .2
1 0 0 .0

7.5
34.2
11.3
19.4
2.3
9.9
17.7

14.3
40 .3
9. C
13.1
2 .1

7.6
15.6
L0

0

.C

1

14.8
38.7
13.2
18.0

9.0
31.7
13.4
23.6

1 .1

1 .6

7.0
15.4

6 .0

9.3

7. 4
25.6
9.6
29.0
1.4
9.4
18.9

6 .0

6 .0

17.9
8.4
31.1
1.4
11.7
25.0

17.7
7.6
32.2
1.5
14.4
2 2 .1

4.8
9.5
5.2
43.9
2.4
18.9
17.7

3.1
6 .2

3.9
46.5
3.0
21.5
18.8

C0 .C

1 0 0 .0

1CC.C

1 0 0

0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0

2 0 0 .1

276.3

158.0

198.0

.

Q. 0

Numb er of employees (in thousands)------

1931.8

54.7

123.1

40.2

329.0

229.6

322.8

Av er ag e weekly hour s-------------------------------

36.2

32.3

31.5

35.7

30.7

34.6

36.6

38.8

38.6

40.0

41.2

8.5
22.3
7.9
36.1
1.3
9.8
15.5

16.0
26.0
5.5
23.2
.3
8.9
20.4

13.0
37.5

6.4
26.4
9.6
26.9
3.1
11.5
19.2

20.9
39.1
11.4
17.2

10.3
35.3
14.0
24.1
.9
4.8
11.4

1 2 .1

7 .0
24.8
8. 3
33.2
1.3
7.3
19.4

6 .1

33.6
8.9
24.5
. 8
6.4
14.5

17.4
7.2
40.2
1.5
10.7
18.4

4.1
11.5
5.1
47.4
1.7
15.7
16.3

3.9
7.6
4.9
53.1
1.5
14.4
16.2

West
Under 15-----------------------------------------------------15 and under 35-----------------------------------------35 and under 40-----------------------------------------40 to and including 42-------------------------------Over 42 and under 4 4 -------------------------------44 and under 48-----------------------------------------48 and o v e r ------------------------------------------------Total--------------------------------------------------

1 0 0 .0

Numb er of employees (in th ousands)------

124C.2

A ver age weekly h o u r s -------------------------------

36.1




1 0 0 .0
8 .6

33.2

8 .1

16.8
2 .6

10.9
13.7

1 .0

4.6
6 .8

CC . 0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

ICO.O

1 0 0 .0

19.9

12.7

112.7

99.7

2 2 1 .2

148.6

212.5

137.2

267.2

32.6

36.8

28.2

32.9

36.6

38.1

39.5

39.8

1 0 0 .0

100. C

1 0 0 .0

1

33.3




T a b le 13.

P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s w o r k in g s p e c ifi e d w e e k ly h o u r s by a v e r a g e
s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , U n ite d S tate s and r e g io n s , June 1966

Employees with weekly hours of work of—
Avera ge hourly earnings

All
employees

Under
•1
5

15
and
under
35

35
and
under
40

Over
40
and under
44

40

44
and
under
48

48
and
over

United States
Under
$1.00
$1.15
$ 1.25
$1.35
$1.50
$ 1. 75
$2 . 0 0
$2. 50
$ 3. 00

$ 1.
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

3.5
5.4

00------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 1. 15------------------------------------------------under $ 1.25------------------------------------------------under $ 1.35------------------------------------------------under $ 1.50------------------------------------------------und e r $1.75 ------------------------------------------------under $2. 00------------------------------------------------under $2.50 -----------------------------------------------under $3. 00------------------------------------------------o v e r --------------------------------------------------------------

1 1 .2

Total----------------------------------------------------------------------

1 0 0 .0

1 .8

16.7
11.4
16. 8
10. 3
14. 2
8 .6

5.5
. 2
1 . 8
29.2
11.7
17.8
7. 4
9.6
3.8
5.0
8

4.0
7 .6
2 . 1
2 6 .4
15.9
19.3
8 .2

9 .9
3 .5
3. 1

2 .2

4 .4
2 .0
2 2 .2

16.6
17.8
9.8
1 2 ,6

5.5
6 .8

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

Nu mb er of employees (in thousands)--------------------------

6929.8

577.2

1599,9

681.2

Av e ra g e hourly earnings----------------------------------------------

S I . 96

S I . 57

S i . 57

S I . 76

1.5
2. 5
.9
10.5
8 .4
15.6
11.5
16.8
13.3
18.9
1 0 0 .0

1827.0
$2

.2 0

3.2
4 .5
2.5
13.1
1 0 . 1
14.6
9. 7
16. 1
11. 5
14. 7

3. 1
4 .6
1.7
8.7
8 .0

14.0
10.9
18.3
12.9
17.6

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

368. 2

675.4

$2.03

$2

.2 0

6 .2

6 .7
2 .5
9 .8
9 .5
16.5
12.7
16.4
8 .7
1 1 . 1
1 0 0 .0
1 2 0 0 .8

$1.90

Northeast
Under
$1 .0 0
$1.15
$1.25
$1.35
$1.50
$ 1. 75
$ 2. 00
$ 2.50
$3.00

$ 1.00------------------------------------------------------------------and under $ 1 . 15------------------------------------------------and under $ 1.25------------------------------------------------and under $ 1. 35------------------------------------------------and under $ 1. 50------------------------------------------------and und e r $1.75 ------------------------------------------------and under $2. 00------------------------------------------------and under $ 2. 50------------------------------------------------and under $ 3.00------------------------------------------------and o v e r -------------------------------------------------------------Total---------------------------------------------------------------------

.7

1 .0

2 .6

5. 7

. 2
15.9
12.3
18.5
1 1 . 1
16.4

1 .6

1

1 0 .6

10.7

30.7
14. 3
2 1 .4
8 . 5
9. 8
3 .0
3. 9

1 .2

3 .9
1. 7
26.8
19.1
2 1 .7
8 .8

10.9
3. 5
2. 5

.4
1.9
1.7
14.4
15.7
20.9
11.5
16.7
7. 7
9. 0

.3
1 .1
.6
8 . 1
6 .9
15. 1
12.3
18.8
17,9
18.9

.5
1.4
1.3
6 .9
8.5
14.3
9. 8
20 .4
18.0
18.9

.7
2 .0
. 6

4 .8
6 .3
16. 1
13.9
2 3. 0
16.1
16.7

.3
1.5
.9
6.5
8 . 0

16.5
14.3
23 .5
15 .4
13.1

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

Nu mbe r of employees (in thousands)--------------------------

1813.7

185.5

505 .4

230.2

447.0

92. 1

134. 1

219 .6

Av e ra g e hourly earnings----------------------------------------------

S2.05

S I . 58

S I . 60

SI . 91

S2.29

$2.27

S2.27

$ 2 . 16

8. 7
9 .4
2 . 6
2 2 . 1
12.3
14.6
8.4
10. 3
5.4
6 . 1

16.0
13.6

10.3
13.0
2 .4
3 4 .2
14.6

5.3
7 .4

4.0
5.5
1.3
18.1
10.7
17.3

7 .3
5.9
3.0

1 0 0 .0

South
Under
$ 1. 00
$1.15
$1.25
$1.35
$1.50
$1.75
$ 2. 00
$2. 50
$3.00

$ 1.00------------------------------------------------------------------and under $ 1. 15------------------------------------------------and under $ 1.25------------------------------------------------and under $ 1.35------------------------------------------------and under $ 1.50------------------------------------------------and under $ 1.75------------------------------------------------and under $ 2. 00------------------------------------------------and under $2. 50------------------------------------------------and under $3. 00---------------------------------------------- —
and o v e r -------------------------------------------------------------Total---------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .8

32. 6
8 . 5
1 0 . 2
3.6
6 .0

2,7
4. 0

1 2 . 6

4 .2
5.3
2 , 1
1. 4

2 .2

35.6
18.7
12.9
6.4
6 .2

2.5
2 .8

1 1 .2

13.9
8. 5
9. 5

2 .7
13.0

13 .6
12.3
4. 1
14.4

14.0
15.4
9. 3

1 1 .6

1 1 . 0

1 2 .0

15.0
8 . 3
1 0 . 2

2 1 . 2

5.7
6 .2

6 .8
8 .1

14.0
1 0 .2

15,3
9 .5
1 0 .0

4.6
5 .3

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

N um be r of employees (in thousands)--------------------------

1944.1

121.3

339.3

174.4

489.4

1 2 1 .6

249.9

448.2

A v e r a g e hourly earnings----------------------------------------------

S I . 67

S I . 37

SI . 37

S i . 49

S I . 85

S I . 67

$1.89

$1.58

0




T a b l e 13.

P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s w o r k in g s p e c ifie d w e e k ly h o u r s b y a v e r a g e
s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , U n ited S tate s and r e g io n s , June 1966— C on tin u ed

Employees with weekly hours of work of—
A v e r a g e hourly earnings

A ll
employees

Under
15

15
and
under
35

]

35

1

and
under
40

40

Over
40
and under
44

44
and
under
48

48
and
over

North Central
Under
$1 .0 0
$1.15
$ 1. 25
$1.35
$1.50
$1.75
$2 . 00
$2. 50
$3.00

$ i.
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

00-------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 1 . 15------------------------------------------------under $ 1.25------------------------------------------------under $ 1.35------------------------------------------------under $ 1.50------------------------------------------------under $ 1. 75------------------------------------------------under $ 2. 00------------------------------------------------under $ 2. 50 ------------------------------------------------under $3. 00------------------------------ ------------------o v e r --------------------------------------------------------------

Total----------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .8

6 .4
2 . 1
17.0
11.9
16.7
10.4
14. 3
8 .2
1 0 .2

5.6
10.7
1 .8

2 9 .4
12. 5
14. 4
7.3
1 0 . 1
4. 6
3.7

4 .3
10.4
2 .9
26.6
15.2
17.3
7. 5

2. 5
24.2
17.2
17.4
9 .3

1 0 .2

1 1 .8

3 .1
2 .6

2.5
6 .2

4 .6
4 .3

•8
2.4

2 .2

7 .2
3. 0

1 .2

1.3
3 .6
1 .6

10.5

1 2 . 1

8 .6

1 0 .0

17.1
11.5
16.3

9 .6
15.7
9 .5
14.7

6 .7
14.0

1 2 ,8

1 1 .6

17.4

14.5

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

Nu m be r of employees (in thousands)--------------------------

1931.8

165.6

478.

8

179.0

481.5

A v e r a g e hourly ea rnings-----------------------------------------------

S I . 94

$1.54

$1.53

$1.67

$2.16

.7

2 .7

.5
1.7

1 .2

1 .2

17.8

1. 3
2.5
.8
22. 5
9. 8
25. 6

1 2 . 0

1 0 .0

17.

12.4
5.3
9. 9

.5
.7
•6
4.0
5 .4
1 2 . 1
1 1 . 1
18.9
14.7
32.0

1 0 0 .0

99 .9
$2

.0 0

1 1 . 1

19.2
14.1
19.8

3 .4
5 .6
2 . 1
9.0
10.4
17.9
14.6
17.9
8 .2

10.9

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

185.

6

341 .5

$2.30

$1.93

.7

.9
1 .4
1.3
4.0

West
Under
$ 1.00
$1.15
$1.25
$1.35
$ 1. 50
$ 1. 75
$2 . 00
$ 2. 50
$ 3. 00

$ 1.
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

00-------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 1. 15------------------------------------------------under $ 1. 25------------------------------------------------under $ 1. 35------------------------------------------------under $ 1.50------------------------------------------------under $ 1. 75------------------------------------------------under $2. 00------------------------------------------------under $ 2 . 50------------------------------------------------under $ 3. 00 ------------------------------------------------o v e r --------------------------------------------------------------

Total----------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .6
1 .0

9. 1
8 .0

1

1 1 . 1

21. 5

.8

15.9
12.7
2 6 .9
13.3
13.3
5. 7
7 .4

13.2
14.3
2 0 .1

12.7
15.8
7.1
13.4

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

N um be r of employees (in thousands)--------------------------

1240.2

104.9

276.4

1 0 0 .0

97.7

Av e ra g e hourly earnings-----------------------------------------------

12.34

$1.81

$1.82

$2.03

•2
1.7

1 .6

2 .6

1 . 0

7 .6
5. 4
11.3
10.7
20 .4
13.1
27. 1

3 .8
3 .7
11.7
8 .5
18.6
18. 1
32 .4

6 . 0

16.8
15.1
2 0. 4
11.7
2 2 .5

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

409. 1

54 .6

105.8

191.6

$2.56

$2.45

$2.69

$2.30

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

T a b le 14.

A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly and w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o r k ,
U n it e d S tate s an d r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
Northeast

United States
Weekly hours of w ork

Under 15 .. ..................
................
15 and under 35 __ ------------------35 and under 40 __ — — -------------- —
40
...........................................................
Over 40 and under 4 8 __
__ ____ —
48 and o v e r ___ ______ — ---------- -----—
T o t a l .......................................... .....




Average
Number
of
hourly
earnings
employees
577.2
1599.9
681.2
1827.0
1043.7
1 2 0 0 .8

6929.

8

Number
Average
Average
of
hourly
weekly
earnings employees earnings
$ 1.58

$1.57
1. 57
1.76
2 . 20
2. 14
1 .90

$14.63
38. 34
65. 33
87. 94
93.95
99. 85

185. 5
505.4
230. 2
447. 0
226. 2
2 1 9 .6

1.91
2.29
2„ 27
2 . 16

1.96

71. 13

1813. 7

2. 05

1 .6 0

South
Average
Number
Av erage
of
weekly
hourly
earnings employees earnings
$ 15.01
38. 19
70. 80
91. 51
99. 54
111. 95
6 9 .6 8

West

North Central
Average
Number
Average
weekly
of
hourly
earnings employees earnings

121. 3
339. 3
174.4
489.4
371. 5
448.2

$ 1. 37
1.37
1.49
1. 85
1 . 82
1.58

$ 12.
33.
55.
74.
79.
83.

1944. 1

1. 67

64.

70
89
76
04
87
57
88

165. 6
478. 8
179. 0
481.5
285. 5
341. 5
1931. 8

Number
Average
Av erage
hourly
of
weekly
earnings employees earnings

$ 1. 54
1. 53
1.67
2 . 16
2 . 20
1.93

$ 14.58
37.60
62. 08
8 6 . 33
96. 58

1.94

70. 18

1 0 2 .2 2

Average
weekly
earnings

104.9
276.4
97.7
409. 1
160.5
191. 6

$1.81
1 . 82
2. 03
2. 56
. .6 1
2
2. 30

$ 16.23
45. 35
75.47
102.58
114.03
119. 8 6

1240.2

2. 34

84. 54

Building materials, hardware, and farm equipment dealers
T a b l e 15. C u m u l a t i v e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n s o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s an d r e g i o n s , Ju n e 1966

(Employees in thousands)
Northea st

United States
A v e ra g e hourly earnings
Number
Under $0. 5 0 ------------------Under $0. 7 5 ------------------Under $ 1. 00 -------------------

Percent
*
.3

.2
1 .6

9.

8

2 .0

.

6

4.2
4.4
5.4
6 . 1
6.7

Number

J

_

_

-

-

.6

.6

Number

Percent

*

*
. 6
3.4

1 .2

5.3

1.3
1.5
1 .9
2.5
2.7

14. 7
16.3
18.2

14.0
15.4
16.8

9. 3
11.4
14.5
15.9
17.4

34.6
36.2
39. 5
41 .8
44.0

23.4
24.5
28.8
31.6
33.0

236.2
249.1
263. 5
273. e
279.2

48. 1
50.7
53. 7
55.8
56. 9

$ 2 . 1 0 ------------------$2. 20 ------------------$2. 30 ------------------$2. 40 ------------------$2. 5 0 -------------------

311.8
326. a
344.5
357.4
366. 3

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

6 0 ------------------70 ------------------8 0 ------------------90 ------------------0 0 -------------------

386. 3
396. 1
405.9
413.9
421.2

Total ----------------------

490. 9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$1.
$ 1.
$1.
$1.

0 5 ------------------1 0 ------------------1 5 ------------------2 0 ------------------2 5 -------------------

26.8
30.0
33. 0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 3 0 ------------------$ 1. 3 5 ------------------$ 1. 40 ------------------$ 1 . 4 5 ------------------$ 1 . 5 0 -------------------

80. 8
92. 4
111.3
124.4
136.2

1 6.5
1 8. 8
22. 7
2 5.3
27.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 5 5 ------------------$ 1. 6 0 ------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ------------------$ 1. 7 0 ------------------$1. 7 5 -------------------

169. 7
177. 9
193.9
205.4
216.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

80 ------------------8 5 ------------------9 0 ------------------95 ------------------0 0 -------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s




2 0

2 1 .6

1 .2

1.5

!

South

Percent

10.5

6 .7
7. 1
9.4
10. 4

1 1 .2

West

North Central
Number

Percent

Number

Percent
_

.1

.

.2

.2

3.6

2. 3

. 1
.3

8 .0

5. 2
5.2

.9
. 9

8 .0

1

.2

.4
1 . 1
1 . 1

6 .0

1 .0

1 .2

6.5
7. 0

1 .2

1 1 .6

9. 2
. 0
1 0 . 8

1.4

1.4
1.7

43. 7
50.2
61.3
68.3
74.4

27.8
31.9
39. 0
43. 4
47. 3

24. 1
26.4
30. 7
34. 5
38, 3

15.6
17. 1
19.9
22 .4
24. 8

4. 1
4. 8
5.4
6.3
6.7

24.3
25.4
29.9
32.8
34.2

87. 7
91.1
96.3
99 .4
103.1

55.8
58.0
61. 3
63. 2
6 5. 6

47. 5
49. 8
55.4
59.6
63.5

30.8
32. 3
35.9
38.7
4 1 .2

12.5
13.4
14. 7
16.6

2 0 .0

36. 9
3 8.4
41.0
43. 1
43. 7

38.3
39.8
42.5
44.7
45.4

108.1
112.9
117.9
121.3
122.7

. 8
71.8
75.0
77. 1
78. 1

71.7
76.9
81.4
85.4
87.6

46.5
49. 9
52.8
55 .4
56.8

19.5
20.9
23.2
24.0
25.2

23.4
25.1
28.0
28.9
30.3

63. 5
6 6 . 6
70.2
72.8
74.6

52. 0
56 . 5
61.4
64.8
66.3

53.9
58.6
63.7
67.2

33. 7
5. 5
. 3
89.4
90.4

98.7
103.0
108.6
1 1 2 . 6
116. 2

6 4. 0

8 8

6 8 .8

131.6
134.4
138.8
140.5
142. 1

70.4
73.0
75.4

29.6
32.8
35.7
39.5
41.6

35.6
39.5
42.9
47.5
50.0

78.7
80.7
82. 7
8 4. 3
85.8

71.4
73. 3
76.2
78.2
79. 5

74.0
76.1
79.1
81.1
82.4

145.0
146.2
148.4
149.3
150.3

92.2
93.0
94.4
95. 0
95.6

122.3
126. 3
128.6
131.7
133.7

79.3
81.9
83.4
35 .4
8 6 . 7

47.7
50.2
52.7
54.8
57.7

57.4
60.4
63. 5
65.9
69.4

.

96.4

1 0 0

$ 2 . 05

0

1 .8

2. 5
2 .6

9. 0
1 1 .0

1 0 0 .0

$2 ,.26

6 8

8

157.2

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 . 67

1 0

6 6 .8

154.2

1 0 0 .0

$2 .,05

4.9
5.8
6 .6

7 .6
8 .1

13.5
15. 1
16. 1
17.7

1 1 .2

83.1

1 0 0 .0

* 2 . 58

General merchandise stores
T a b l e 16.

C u m u l a t i v e n u m e r i c a l an d p e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n s o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s an d r e g i o n s , J u n e 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

A v e ra g e hourly earnings
Number
Under $ 0 . 5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------Under $ 0 . 7 5 ----------------------------------------------------------Under $ 1 . 00 -----------------------------------------------------------

j

Percent
. 1
.9
2.9

1 .0

15.4
50. 7

Number

j

South

North Central

West

Percent

Number

Percent

*
*
.4

.9
13.4
36.2

2. 7
7. 4

*
1. 5
11.5

2

1.3
1.7
2.5
2 . 8

53.6
58.4
63.0
66.3
71.2

10.9
11.9
12.9
13.5
14.6

24. 2
28.6
3 8.7
44. 3
48. 9

4 .5
5 .4
7.3
8 . 3
9.2

. 8
2.9
3.4
6.4
7.3

. i
.2

1.9

.2

Number

Percent
*
.3
. 2

Number

Percent

*
. 3

*
.1

.4

1 . 1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 0 5 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 1 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 1 5 ----------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 2 5 -----------------------------------------------------------

85. C
9 5.8
112.9
128. 1
14 C. 2

4. 9
5. 5
6 . 4
7.3

1 1 . 1

8 .0

12.9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1 .
$ 1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

30 — -------------------------------------------------------3 5 ----------------------------------------------------------4 0 ----------------------------------------------------------4 5 ----------------------------------------------------------5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------

35 7. 7
530.0
672.6
772.4
844. 1

22.7
3G.3
38. 4
44. 1
48.2

64. 1
111.3
149. 1
183.3
207.7

14.2
24.8
33.1
40.7
4 6 .0

178.2
213.4
259. 3
280.6
298. 1

36.4
43. 6
5 3. 0
57.3
60.9

134. 4
171.6
217.3
248.0
270.4

25.3
32.2
40 .8
46 .6
50.8

2 0. 9
33.3
46.8
59. 9
6 8 .0

24.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 5 5 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 7 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------

554.6
1014.9
1081.4
1130.6
1174.0

54.5
58.0
64. 6
67. 1

239.7
256.1
274.0
28 7.4
299.4

53.1
56.8
60.7
63.7
66.4

324.2
338.9
354. 8
366.9
376.2

56. 2
69.2
72. 5
75. 0
76. 9

30 5. 6
325.2
344.6
358.7
371.2

57 .4
61.1
64. 7
6 7 .4
69.7

85.1
94. 8
108.0
117.6
127. 1

30.7
34.2
39.0
42.4
45.9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2 .

1 2 2 1 .2

1257.9
130C.6
1329.9
1352.1

69.8
71.9
74. 3
76.0
77. 3

311.4
319.5
331.9
340.2
345. 8

69.0
70.3
73.6
75.4
76.6

38 6 . 6
395.0
404. 7
410.4
415. 1

79.0
80.7
82.7
83.9
84. 8

385. 9
397.7
407.9
415. 1
421. 6

72.5
74. 7
76.6
78.0
79.2

137.2
145.7
156. 1
164. 1
169.6

49.5
52.6
56.3
59.2
61.2

Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2 . 1 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$2. 2 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 3 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$2. 4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------

141 3.5
1459.2
1502.4
1535. 0
1556.0

80.8
83.4
85.9
87.7
88.9

362.2
373.5
386.1
395.4
401.9

80.3
82.8
85.6
87.6
89.1

425.8
43 3 .9
44 3.0
449.2
452.6

8 7.0
83.7
9 0 .5
91. 8
92. 5

440.0
451. 5
462.3
470. 5
475.7

82.7
84. 8
8 6 . 8
88.4
89 .4

185.4
2 1 1 .1

219.9
225.8

66.9
72.2
76.1
79.3
81.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2 .
$2.
$2.
$2 .
$ 3.

6 0 ----------------------------------------------------------7 0 ----------------------------------------------------------8 0 ----------------------------------------------------------90 ----------------------------------------------------------0 0 -----------------------------------------------------------

1 585.6
1605.0
1622.6
1637.5
1645.2

90.6
91.7
92.7
93.6
94.2

410.4
415.2
420.0
424.4
427.9

91.0
92.0
93.1
94. 1
94.8

459. 1
464.0
467.4
470. 3
472. 3

93.8
94.8
9 5 .5
96. 1
96.5

483.3
488.7
493.6
497. 5
499.9

9 0. 8
91 .8
92. 7
93. 5
9 3. 9

232.8
237.0
241.6
245.3
249.1

84.0
85.5
87.1
88.5
89.9

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------

1750.1

8 0 ----------------------------------------------------------8 5 ----------------------------------------------------------9 0 ----------------------------------------------------------9 5 ----------------------------------------------------------0 0 -----------------------------------------------------------

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s ------------------------------------------




6 1 .8

1 0 0

i l L • 77

.G

4.4
5.9
7. 8

1 .0

451.2

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 ,,82

489.4

1 0 0 .0
*1

.5 8

532.3

1 0 0 .0
$1

.75

2

1 .0
1 .0
1 .2

2.3
2 .6

7.5
1 2 .0

16.9
2 1 .6

2 0 0 .2

277.2

1 0 0 .0
$2

.07

2

Department stores
T a b l e 17.

C u m u l a t i v e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n s o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s an d r e g i o n s , J u n e 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

North Central

South

West

A v era ge hourly earnings
Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

I

Percent

Number

. 1
. 3
.9

_
*
1.5

. 2
1. 3
1.4
1. 6
1.9

Percent

3.6
4 .6
5. 7
6 . 8

1

Under $ 0. 5 0 ------------------Under $0. 7 5 ------------------Under $ 1. 0 0 -------------------

*

•3
1 .0

. 1
.5

5. 7
e.

.8
.9
. 1
i.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 0 5 --------------- -—
$ 1 . 1 0 ------------------$ 1 . 15 ------------------$1. 2 0 ------------------$1. 2 5 -------------------

11.9
14.1
17.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 3 0 ------------------$ 1. 3 5 ------------------$ 1. 4 0 ------------------$1. 45 ------------------$ 1. 5 0 -------------------

155. 3
23 3.7
32 5. «
396.9
44 6.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 5 5 ------------------$1. 6 0 ------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ------------------$1. 7 0 ------------------$1. 7 5 -------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

3

.

*

1

.
.

.2

1.3

1
6

. 7
.9

2 .1

.2
. 3
2.4
3.4
3. 5
4.C
4 .4
5.3

1

_
*
.4
. 3

2 .8

Number

Percent

*
*
*

♦
*
*

. 1
. 1
.1
.3
. 5

.1

2.7
3.2
3. 8
5.0

1.3
1.7

29. 6
36. I
40. 6

27.8
60.2
82.9
10 9.9
1 2 7.0

27.9
37.0
42.7

64.0
82.6
115.0
130. 1
142.7

22.9
29.5
41.1
46. 5
51.0

57. 1
79 .8
109. 3
130. 4
145. 9

16. 9
23.6
32.3
38.6
43 .2

18. 7
26.6
31.2

1 0 .0

524.7
565. 8
612. 9
647. 7
679.0

47.7
51.4
55.7
58.8
61.7

149. 5
161.9
174. 2
133.3
192.4

50.3
54.5
58.6
61.3
64.7

161.4
171.6
183.5
191.5
198. 1

57. 7
61.4
65. 7
6 8 . 5
70. 9

171.7
184. 4
197.8
207. 9
217.0

50. 3
54.6
58. 5
61.5
64. 2

42.2
48.0
57.4
64. 4
71. 5

22.7
25.8
30.9
34.6
38.4

$ 1 . 8 0 ------------------$ 1 . 8 5 ------------------$1.90 ------------------$ 1. 9 5 ------------------$2. 0 0 -------------------

712.9
739.2
77C. 5
791. 5
806.4

6 *. 8
67.2
7 0.0
71.9
73. 3

200. 7
207.2
214. 7
220.3
224.4

67.5
69. 7
72.2
74.1
75.5

205.8
218. 1
221.5
223.9

73.6
75.4
78.0
79.2
80. 1

227. 8
235. 5
243.9
249. 1
253.5

67.4
69.7
72.2
73. 7
75.0

78.7
85.8
93.9
ICO . 6
104. 6

42.3
46.1
50.5
54.1
56.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

10 ------------------20 ------------------30 ------------------40 ------------------5 0 -------------------

848.2
880.9
510.6
536. 1
552. 1

77. 1
80.0
82. 7
8 5.0
86.5

234. 8
242.7
251.1
2 57.9
262.7

79.0
81.7
84.5

82. 7
8 4.6
36.6
38. 3
39. 2

266.2
275.3
283. 1
289. 8
294.2

78.8
81.5
83.8
35. 7
37. 0

116.0
126.4
134. 1
141.5
145.8

62.4

38.4

231.2
236.4
242.2
247.0
249.4

72.1
76.1
78.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

6 0 ------------------70 ------------------8 0 ------------------90 ------------------0 0 -------------------

88.4
85. 6
90.8
91.9
92.6

267.8
271.5
2 75.2
277. 3
280.2

40.1
91.3
92.6
93.5
94. 3

2 54.0
257. 1
259.9
2 62.5
2 64. 1

90. 9
92. 0
93.0
93.9
94.5

300. 1
303.9
393.2
311.4
313. 1

38.8
89.9
91.2
92. 1
92. 6

150. 7
153.3
156.7
159.4
162.4

81.0
82.4
84.2
85.7
87.3

Total ---------------------A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s




1 0 .0

1

1 .6

14.1
2 1 .2

572.6
58 5.8
ICOO.O
1 0 1 1 .2
1

C1 9.9

1 1 0

C.

8

1 0 0 .0
$1

. 89

1 . 1

9. 3
2 0 .2

8 6 .8

2 9 7.2

1 0 0 .0

$1 ,
.

86

2 1 0 .8

2 79.6

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 ,,75

1 .1

1.4
1.7
2 .0

338.0

1 0 0 .0
$1

.87

.1

.

1

.1

.3

6.5

3.5

1 1 .2

6 .0

14.3
16.8

6 8 .0

186.0

1 0 0 .0
$2

.19

Limited price variety stores
T a b l e 18. C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U n ited States and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

A ve r a g e hourly earnings
Number

Percent

Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

*3
7 .3
2 0 . 2

. 1
2. 5
7. 0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 05 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 1 0 --------------- --------------------------------------------------$ 1. 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

30. 1
34.6
42. 1
47. 6
51. 1

10. 4
11.9
14.6
16. 5
17.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 3 0 ---- -------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 4 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

123.0
159.8
188.8
205.2
216.6

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

Number

Percent

-

_

.

-

1

.1

. a

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

. 3
6.4
15.6

.4
7.0
17. 1

_

Percent

_

_

.9
4. 1

Number

5.2

7.0

*
.5

. 1
1.3

. 1
1.3

2 .9
3.2
4.0
5.3
5.6

1 .2

1 .0

2 1 . 2

1 .6

2 .0

2 .6

3.4
4. 0

3.3
4.2
5.0

23.5
25.2
27. 1
28.9

23,2
25. 7
27.6
29.7
31.7

. 6
15.0
16.0

8 .9
10.5
16.2
19.2
20. 4

2 .2

42 .5
55. 2
65. 3
70.9
74.9

24.1
35.4
44 .4
49.0
52.4

30.1
44.1
55.3
61.0
65.3

53.1
63.4
71.9
75.3
77.6

5 3. 1
69. 3
78.7
82 .4
84.9

39 .6
48. 1
5 5.0
60. 0
63.1

50.7
61.6
70.4
76.8
30.7

13.0
17.5
20.9
23.6

15.7
32. 8
44. 1
52.8
59.6

23C. 9
238.4
246. C
25C.3
254.4

79. 8
82 .4
85.0
8 6 . 5
87 .9

56.3
58.2
60 • 3
61.9
63.3

70.2
72.5
75.2
77.2
78.9

81.5
83.0
84.5
85.1
85.6

89. 2
90. 8
92.4
93. 1
93. 7

6 6 .6

68 .3
70.4
71. 6
72.4

85. 3
37. 5
90.2
91.6
92.7

26. 5
28.9
30. 8
31. 8
33.1

67.0
72.9
77.8
30.3
83.5

U -----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------00 ------------------------------------------------------------------

258. 5
261.5
264. 8
266. a
268.4

89.3
90 .4
91. 5
92.2
92.8

64.9
65.8
67.3
68.3

86.5
87. 2
87.9
88.4

6 8 .6

81.0
82.0
84.0
85.2
85.5

8 8 .6

94. 7
95.4
96. 2
96. 7
96. 9

72.9
73 .9
74.4
74.7
75.0

93. 4
94. 6
95. 2
95 .7
96.1

34. 1
34.5
35. 1
35. 5
36.2

87.2
88.7
89.5
91.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2. 1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 2. 30 -----------------------------------------------------------------$2. 4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$2. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

272.9
275.6
278. 1
275.4
280.4

94. 3
95 .3
96. 1
96. 6
96. 9

71.0
72.6
74. 1
74.9
75.6

88.5
90.5
92.4
93 .4
94.3

89.2
89.5
89.6
89.9
89.9

97.6
97.9
98. 1
98.3
93. 4

75.7
76.1
76. 5
76 .6
76.7

97.0
97.4
97. 9
98. 1
98 .2

37.0
37.4
37.8
38.1
38.2

93.4
94.5
95.5
96. 1
96.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 ------------------------------------------------- I---------------8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

282.4
283. 6
284.3
285.0
285.6

97. 6
98.0
98.3
98.5
98.7

76.4
77.0
77. 3
77.7
78.0

95.2
96.0
96.4
96.9
97.3

90 .4
90.8
90.9
91.0
91.0

98 . 9
99. 3
99 .4
99.6
99.6

77.1
77.2
77.3
77 .4
77.5

98.7
98.9
99.0
99. 1
99.3

38.5
38.6
38.8
38.9
39.0

97.2
97.5
98.0
98. 1
98.5

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

289.3

IC O. 0

30.2

8

Av er ag e hourly earnings ---------------------------------------------




$ 1 . 43

1 0 0 .0

* 1 . 61

91.4

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 . 27

8 .2
1 2

78.1

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 . 37

1

1 .6
2 .1

6 .2

39.6

8 6 .0

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 . 55

Food stores
Table 19. Cumulative numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by average straight-time hourly earnings,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
Northeast

United States

West

North Central

South

A v e r a g e hourly earnings
Percent

Number
Under $ 0. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 0 . 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 1. 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

2.7
18 . 3
5 3.2

.2

1. 3
3. 7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$ 1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

0 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------1 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------2 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

116.7
135.3
148. 7
156. 6

7. 7
8 . 1
9.4
10.3
10.9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 3 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

338.2
379.6
445.6
492.6
522. 2

23. 5
26.4
30.9
34.2
36.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 5 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

597. 8
625. 9
661.8
69 5.9
720.4

41. 5
43.5
46. 0
48.3
50.0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

755.2
778. 9
810.9
832.3
850. 8

52.4
54. 1
56.3
57.8
59. 1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$2.

10 ------------------------------------------------------------------2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------3 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

911.3
556. 7
.9
1038.3
1 C 7 4 .5

6

3. 3
.4
69. 6
72. 1
74. 6

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 3.

6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------90 ------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

1129.3
1168.1
1196.1
1225. 1
1242. 3

78.4
81.1
83.1
85. 1
8 6 . 3

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------Av er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ----------------------------------------------




1 1 0 .8

6 6

1 0 0 1

1440.0

1 0 0 .0

*2

.0 2

Number

Percent

*
.3
2 .9

*
.1

Number

.7

2 1 .0

23.5

Number

.5
3.4
8 . 8

32.9
57.3
60.4
6 6 .6

71.0
73.2

Percent

•6
5 .0
16.3

15. 3
16. 2
17.9
19.0
19.6

2 .0
1 2 .8

3.5
3. 8
4.3
4. 9
5.5

15. 0
16. 1
18.4

Percent

35.2
36. 8
45 .9
51 .4
53.5

.2
1 .2

Number

Percent
_
*
.4

_
. 1

4 .1

1 . 0

8 .8

9.2
11.4
1 2 . 8
13.3

3.3
3.4
4 .4
5.2
6.4

105.3
113. 8
133.3
145. 8
152. 3

26 .3
28 .4
33.2
36.3
38. 0

22.7
28.4
34.2
41.2
44.0

14.2
17.1
18.2

1.4
1.4
1 .8
2 .2
2 .6

9.4

123. 3

14.5
18.1
23.1
26.4
29.1

2 0 2 .6

3 9. 8
4 3. 1
48. 2
51.8
54.3

145. 9
156. 0
169.6
179.4
188.2

34.4
36.8
40.0
42.3
44.3

218. 8
227.5
236.7
244.3
251.5

58.6
60.9
63.4
65 .4
67.4

174.7
182.1
192. 6
197.9
203.9

43. 5
4 5. 4
48 .0
4 9. 3
50. 8

58.4
60.4
63.0
74.3
76.9

24.2
25.1
26.1
30.8
31.9

2 0 0 .0

47.1
49.4
52.2
53.5
54.6

260.6
266.9
2 73.7
278.5
282.0

69. 8
71.5
73.3
74. 6
75. 5

213.1
219.5
228. 1
233.8
239.9

53. 1
54. 7
56.8
58. 3
59. 8

81.5
83.1
87.5
92.9
97.2

33.8
34.5
36.3
38.6
40.3

250. 5
265.7
280.0
292.3
306. 8

59.0
62.6
.9
72.3

296.0
304.6
314.0
324. 3
330.2

79. 3
81.6
84. 1
8 6 . 9
83 .4

259.6
274.6
289. 7
300.3
310. 9

64 .5
6 8. 4
72 .2
74. 8
77.5

106.3
111.9
118.2
121. 5
126. 7

44. 1
46.4
49.0
50.4
52.6

329.0
343.4
355.0
367. 8
372.8

77.5
80.9
83.6
86.7
87.8

339.9
345.4
349.2
353.5
355.9

91. 1
92. 5
93.6
94. 7
95. 4

326. 1
340.4
348.2
355.5
358. 8

81.3
34. 8
8 6 . 8
8 8 . 6
8 9. 4

134.3
138.9
143.7
148.3
154.8

55.7
57.6
59.6
61.5
64.2

61.7
76.6
98.2
1 1 2 .2

209.5
2 2 1 .6

227. 1
231.8

6 6 .0
68

424.4

1 0 0 .0

* 2 . 14

148.5
160.8
180.0
193.4

373.3

1 0 0 .0

.
$ 1 , 63

401.2

1 0 0 .0

.96
*1 .

1 1 .8

241.1

1 0 0 .0
$ 2

.53

Grocery stores
T a b le 20. C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U n ited S tates and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

A ve r a g e hourly earnings
Number
Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

1.7
14.5
42.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 0 5 --------------------------------------------------------- — ----$ 1 . 1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 1 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

86.4
91.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$1.
$1.

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

Percent
.1
1 .2

Number

Percent

_
.2

.1

Number

Percent

i

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

_

1 .7
11.7
29.4

.5
3 .4
8.5

2. 9
10.4

. 8
3 .0

. 1

50 .4
53.5
58.5
62 .7
64.7

14.6
15. 5
17. 0
18.2
18.7

25.3
26 .6
31 .7
3 6 .0
37.3

7 .4
7 .7
9.2
10.5
10.9

2 .6

38.2
41.7
4 6 .8
50.6
53.1

84.2
9 0 .9
107.4
117.6
123. 1

24 .5
26 .4
31.2
34.2
35 .8

_
•1
.3

3.5

2 .2

.7

8 .0

2.4
2.5

112.4
117.8

7.1
7. 5
8.4
9.2
9. 6

30 ----------------------------------------------------------------3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

273.1
3C4.2
357.2
395.7
421.4

22.3
24 .9
29.2
32.3
34. 4

38.2
4 7 .7
62.4
73.0
82.5

25.0

131.7
143. 8
161. 5
174.6
183.2

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

484.2
5C8.1
539. 1
569.6
591.7

39. 6
41. 5
44. 1
46 .6
4 8 .4

99.0
107. 3
118.0
125.7
133.0

30.0
32.5
35.7
38.1
40 .2

199.0
20 7.4
216.6
224.1
231.3

57.7
60. 1
62.8
65.0
67.0

142.4
148.0
157.2
161. 3
166.8

4 1 .4
43 .0
45 .7
46. 9
48 .5

43.9
4 5 .4
47.3
58.5
60.7

23.1
28.6
29.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

619.1
640. 1
6 6 8 .0

687. 1
704. 5

50 .6
52.3
54 .6
56 .2
5 7. 6

141.4
150.2
160.4
164. 7
168.8

42.8
45.5
48.6
49 .9
51.1

239.5
245.8
252.3
25 6 .9
260.4

69 .4
71.3
7 3.1
74.5
75.5

173.9
178. 7
186.7
192.1
198.0

50.6
52 .0
54 .3
55 .9
57.6

64 .3
65.3
68.5
73.3
77.3

31.5
32.0
33.6
35.9
37.8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

751.5
793.0
831.5
865.6
899.5

6 1 .5
64. 8

55.2
59.4
62.9
66.3
70.4

271 .4
280.0
289.0
298. 9
304. 8

78 .7
81.2
8 3.8
88.3

214 .2
229.1
242.6
25 2.4
262.4

62 .3

70.8
73.5

182.5
196.3
207.7
219.1
232.7

83. 8
87.6
92. 2
95.2
99.5

41 .0
42 .9
45.1
46.6
48 .7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$3.

6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

548.6
981.8
ICO 7.7
1032.7
1049. 1

77 .5
80.2
82.4
84.4
85.7

251 .7
263.2
274.0
2 83.5
288. 1

76.2
79.7
82.9
85.8
87.2

313.9
318.4
322.1
326. 1
328.5

91.0
92.3
93 .4
94. 5
95.2

277. 1
290.3
29 7.4
304. 5
307.5

80.6
8 4. 4
86 .5

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1223.5

A v er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ---------------------------------------------




1 0 2 .8

6 8 .0

1 0 0 .0

* 2 . C4

8.4
9. 3
9. 7

2 .8

2. 9
3. 3

1 1 . 0

1 1 .6

14.4
18.9
2 2 .1

330.4

1 0 0 .0

$ 2 . 19

8 6 .6

345.0

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 . 65

6 6 .6

70.5
73.4
76. 3

343.8

8 8 .6

89.4
1 0 0 .0

S I . 99

.7

1.3
1.3

2. 7
3.3
4.0
4.7

1 .6
2 .0

2.3

19.0
2 1 . 8

25.9
30.4
32. 5

9 .3
10.7
12.7
14.9
15.9
21.5
2 2 .2

105.8
109.9
114.2
118.6
124.9

51.8
53.8
55.9
58.0
61.2

204.3

1 0 0 .0

S2. 59

01

-4

Automotive dealers and gasoline service stations
T a b l e 21. C u m u la t iv e n u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U nited State s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

North Central

South

West

Av e ra g e hourly earnings
Number
Under $ 0. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 0. 7 5 _______________________________________________
Under $ 1 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent

Number

Percent
*

. 1
.3

Number

Percent
. 4
2 .7
10. 3

1.5
10.5
40.0

2 .1

.2

13.0
51.8

4.0

2 .1

.8

10 3.6

8 .0

1 1 1 .2

8 . 5
L0 . 1

2. 7
2.7
3.3
3. 7
4. 2

70.6
76.5
88.9
96.5
103.1

24. 8
26.5

1 .0

.1

18. 1
19.6

Number

Percent

Number

*
.3
1.9

19.6
20. 7
24. 8
29.4
31.6

•4
.9
3 .0

5 .6

. 1
1 .2

6. 7

Percent

6 . 0
6.4
8.7
9. 8

.1

.3
1 . 1

131.6
145. 9
157. 4

1 1 -2
1 2 .1

7. 4
7. 6
9.2
10.3
11.7

$ 1. 3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 4 5 --------------------------------------------------------------•
---$ 1 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

283.7
311.5
356.2
391.3
414. 2

21.3
23. 9
27.4
30. 1
31.8

38.5
44. 0
52.0
58.8
62.9

13.9
15.9
18.8
21.3
22.7

144.0
155. 2
171.6
184.8
191.1

37. 0
39. 8
44.0
4 7 .4
49. 1

70.3
77.0
87.8
96 .0
102. 7

25.2
2 7 .6
29 .5

30. 9
35.4
44. 8
51.6
57.4

12.3
15.6
18.0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

5 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------6 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------7 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

507. 7
532. 1
566. 8
592. 5
620. 1

39.0
40.9
*►3.6
45.5
47.7

85.9
90. 2
1 0 0 . 1
105. 2
111.9

31.0
32.6
36.2
38.0
40.5

207.7
215. L
225.4
232.2
241.2

53.3
55. 2
57. 9
59. 6
61.9

129.0
137.1
144. 8
151.4
157. 9

37. 1
39.4
4 1 .6
43 .5
4 5 .3

85.1
89. 7
96 .5
103.8
109.1

29.7
31.3
33.7
36.2
38.1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$2 .

80 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

67C.4
695. 8
725. 3
744.7
760. 5

51.5
53.5
55.7
57.2
58. 5

125.0
129.8
137.8
142.9
146.9

45.2
46.9
49.9
51.6
53.1

251. 1
258.4
265.4
270.6
274.2

6 8

64.5
6 6 . 3
. 1
69. 5
70.4

172.7
18C.4
187.8
193. 8
198. 6

4 9 .6
51.8
53.9
55 .7
57 .0

121.5
127. 1
134.2
137. 5
14C.8

42.4
44.4
46.8
48.0
49.1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

1 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------3 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

829.6
867. 5
911. 6
944. 2
965.0

63. 8
66.7
70. 1
72.6
74. 2

166.6
176. 8
190. 1
197.6
202.5

60.2
63.9
6 8 . 7
71.4
73.2

2 8 6 .6

73.6
76. 3
78.9
80. 4
81.6

220. 5
230. 3
241.6
251.5
257.0

63 .3
6 6 . 2
69 .4
72 .2
73.8

155.9
163.3
172.6
181.7
187.7

54.4
57.0
60.2
63.4
65.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

1C07.7
1C27.3
105 3.2
1C7 3. 5
1C89. 9

77.4
79.0
80.9
82.5
83. 9

214.9

77.7
79.7
82.2
83.9
85. 3

328.0
332.9
338.0
341.6
345.4

84. 2
85.4

227.6
232.3
236. 1

267.2
272. 1
279. 7
285.6
290. 1

76.7
78.1
80.3
82. 0
83.3

197.6
201 .7
208.0
214.0
218.3

68.9
70.4
72.6
74.7
76.2

.

276. 7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 05 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 1 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 1 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------Av er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ----------------------------------------------




1301.1

1 0 0

$2 ,.

14

0

2 2 0 .6

.26
*2 «

1 0 0 .0

2 2 .8

297.1
307.2
313.4
317. 8

8 6 .8

87.7
8 8 .6

389.6

1 0 0

.82
$1 ,

.

0

6 .0

7. 1
8 .4
9. 1
2 0 .2
2 2 .1

348.2

1 0 0 .0
.
$2 , 2

0

2 .1
2 .2

3.0
3.4
3.8

1 1 . 0

286.6

1 0 .8

2 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

.
$2 , 45

Motor vehicle dealers (new and used cars)
T a b l e 22. C u m u l a t i v e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n s o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d r e g i o n s , Ju n e 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

Av e r a g e hourly earnings
Number

Percent

Under $ 0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

1.4
4. 1
13.4

2 .2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

0 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------1 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----—----------------------------------------------------------2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

26.4
25. 1
36. 8
41.8
47. 1

4.3
4. a
6 . 0
6 . 9
7.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$ 1.
$ 1.
$1.
$1.

3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

73 .7
82. 3
93. 5
105.5
113.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

135.2
146.3
155.9
169.5
183. 5

2 2 .2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2 .
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$3.

1 2 .1

13.5
15.4
17. 3
1 8. 6

Percent

. 1
.3
.5

. 1
.3
.4

1.7
1 .8

1.3
1.4

2.3

1 .8

2 .8

2 .1

3.2

2.5

7.6

5.9
6 .7

8 .8

Number

Percent
.4

.8

Number

Number

. 1
.4
1.5

. 1
.7

Percent

1 .2

.4
•8

2 .2

1 .2

9.2

4.7

16.8
18.6
24.0
26.8
30.0

8.7
9.6
12.4
13. 8
15. 5

9. 3
10.5

40.5
45.2
50.9
56.5
60.2

20.9
23.3
26.3
2 9.2
31.0

19.5
21.4
24.7
27 .3
29.2

34. 5
36.8
39.5
41 .2
44. 4

36. 3
40.2
43. 3
46 .4
49 .6

2 0 .8

23. 1
24. 8
26.6
28 .4

.3
.7

13.3
14.8
15.9
17.3
18.9

2 .6

3. 5
3.9
4 .6
5 .3

6 .0

6 .7
8 .0

6 .0
1 1 .2

12. 3
14.2
15.7
16.8

Percent

1 .1

1.9

1.7

2 . 0

1 .8

2.5
2.9
3.4

2 .2
2 .6

3.1
5.5
6 .3
7.2
8.7
9.6

. 1
6 .9
6

10.4
11.9
13.2

1 0 .1

24.0
26.2
27.8
30. 1

18.6
19.9
24.0
26.0
29.1

14.3
15.3
18.4
19.9
22.3

66.9
71.3
76. 6
79.9

201.5
214.3
227.9
237. C
244. E

33. 1
35. 2
37.4
39.9
40. 2

33.6
35 .6
39.2
41.2
42.5

25.7
27.3
30.1
31.6
32.6

90.5
95.6
99.3
1 0 2 .3
104. 6

46 .7
49. 3
51 .2
52.8
54.0

56. 1
5 9. 8
64. 4
67 .6
70.0

32.2
34.3
37.0
38. 8
40.2

21.4
23.4
24.9
25.9
27.7

19.3

1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------30 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

276.9
256.9
323. 1
341.2
356.3

45 .4
48.7
5 3.0
5 6.0
58. 5

51.9
57. 3
65. 0
69. 5
73.6

39.8
43 .9
49.8
53.3
56.4

113.5
119.7
126.5
131.0
135.1

53. 5
61.8
65. 3
67.6
69.7

79 .2
85.1
92. 5
98.3
10 2. 1

4 5 .4
48.8
53. 1
56.4
58.6

32.4
34.9
39. 1
42 .3
45.5

29.2
31.4
35.3
38.2
4 1.i

6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

383.0
355. 7
413. 1
427.2
439.1

62.9
64. 9
6 7. a
70. 1
7 2. 1

82.3
85.8
90.4
93. 3
96.4

62.9
65.8
69.3
71.9
73.9

142.4
146. 0
149.4
152.3
155.5

73. 5
75.3
77. 1
78.6
80. 2

108.6
H i. 6
117.5

62. 3
64.0
6 7 .4
69 .9
71.8

4 9. 9
52.3
55.8
59.4
62. 1

45.0
47.2
50.3
53.5
56.0

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------A ve ra ge hourly earnings ---------------------------------------------




.2
.7

Number

609.4

10 0 .0

* 2 . 57

8 .0

9.1

130.4

1 0 0 .0

*2 .6 7

8 6 .0

193.

1 0 0 .0

8

$2

.2 1

1 2 1 .8

125.2
174. 3

1 0 0 .0

$ 2 . 60

8 .0

9 .7
. 6

1 0

1 2 .0

13.3
14.4
15.6
17.0

2 1 .1

22.5
23.4
25.0

110.9

1 0 0 .0

$3.09

0
1
(0

Gasoline service stations
T a b l e 23. C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
United State s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees m thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

A v e r a g e hourly earnings
Number

Number

Percent

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

7C . 1
74.3
85. 1
5 3. 6
58.4

1

-

-

Number

7. 0

1 .6

5. 7
5. 7
5. 6
7.1
7.3

5.2
5.2
6 . 1
6 .6

7.0

2

. 5
5.8
2 . 1

. 5
3.7

38 . 0
40.8
45. 2
48 . 6
50. 7

12.9
13. 3
15. 9
18.8
19.8

83.2
87.7
93.9
99.4
0 0 .4

. 3
6 9. 9
7 4. 8
79.2

Percent

.4
2.9

8 0 .0

45 .5
49. 0
55. 9
60. 7
65. 1

16. 8
19.5
25.2
28.5
32.0

80.0
82. 8
8 6 . 5
89. 1
90. 9

63. 1
6 5. 3
. 1
70.2
71.6

65.5

6 8

72.4
77. 1
79.3

49. 1
51.0
54.3
57. 8
59.4

96. 5
98.0
99. 3
1 0 0 . 2

. 1
90. 8
93. 8
95.7
96.7
104.2
107.3

27.3
30. 3
36.0
40. 8
43. 1

25.3
38.5
33.2
37.7
39.8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 55
.............................. -........................ - ---$ 1 . 6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 7 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

3C8. <
5
318. 3
332.7
344.5
’ 52. 1

62. 5
64. 4
67. 3
69. 7
71.3

57.5
6 0 . 1
64 • 2
6 6 . 5
69.3

53.1
55.5
59.4
61.4
84. 1

1 1 2 .6

3 4. 3
5. 6
8 7. 3
89. 1
89.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 8 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 9 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

376. 4
382.9
391.5
397.2
401.6

76.
77.
79.
80.
81.

77. 1
78.9
82. 1
84.2
8 6 . 1

71.2
72.9
75.9
77.9
79.6

114. 7
115.3
116.3
117.0
L17.6

■91.4
91. 3
92. 7
93. 2
93. 7

1 0 1 .2

76. 0
77.2
78.3
79.0
79 .8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

1 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------3 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

42 fc. 1
436. 0
44 5.8
45^.2
457.9

8 b. 3
8 8 . 3
90. 2
91.9
92. 7

92.5
95.8
98.7

118.9
120.4
121.4

1 0 0

35. 5
88.5
91.2
92.6
92.9

-94. 7
95.9
96. 3
9 7. 3
97.4

110. 5
112. 5
114.5
116.6
117.3

87. 1
8 8 . 7
90.3
91.9
92 .4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 .......................................................................

467.4
470. 5
474. 5
476. 9
479. 5

94.
95.
96.
96.
97.

1 0 2 . 3
103.6
104.2
104.9
105.4

97.7
98.0
9 3,6
98. 8
9 3. 9

119.4
120. 5
121.5

94.1
95.0
95.8
96. 2
97.0

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

494.0

1 0 0 .0

126.9

A ve rag e hourly earnings




$1.58

6

2
1
5
i

.

6

95.0
95.7
96.3
96.9
97.4

108.2

1 0 0 .0

$1.72

3.9
4. 1
5.9
7. 3

8
6

36. 1
39. 2
44.4
48.4
50.9

1 0 0 .2

. 1
1.3

22.4
26. 0
33.6
38. 1
42 .7

14.
15.

178. 5
193.6
219. 3
238. 9
251.4

5
3
4
3

-

. 1
1.7

35.8
38.6
44.0
47. 9
51. 3

1 2 .6

$ 1. 3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

7

J Percent

-

2. 9
3. 1
4.4
4.9
5.5

1 0 .2

10.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

1

Number

-

o
o
o

14. 2
15.0
17.2
18.9
19. 9

| Number

47.6
51.2
56.7
61.0
63. 7

1.4

.

Percent

.7
7.3
27. 7

-

1 .6

Under $0. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $0.75 —---------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 1 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

.7
7.9
34.7

$ 1 . 0 5 ............................................. -........................
$ 1 . 1 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 15
....................... ............ ..........
$1. 2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 2 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent

6 6

10 5.9
107.5
109.6
l 11 • 9

8

1 2 2 .1
1 2 2 .2
1 2 2 .6

123.0
123. 8
124.C
124. 1
125.5
$1.25

1 2 2 .0

123.0

1 0 0 .0

$1.63

6 .6

6 8 .0

6 6 .1

8 8

6 8 .0

70. 3
71.7
72. 5

1 1 1 .2

115. 3
117.9

78.1
80.4
83.3
86.4
88.4
91.9
92.5
93.7
94.5
95.3

1 2 2 .6

123.4
125.0
126. 0
127.1

L0

133.4
$1.82

0

.

0

Apparel and accessory stores
T a b l e 24. C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U n ited State s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

A v e r a g e hourly earnings
Number
Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent
*

.2

4 .9
. 1

. 8
3 .6

21

Number

J Percent
_
*
. 5

*
1 .0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 0 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 1 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

46.4
51.7
62.4
72.2
79.0

7.9
8 . 8
1 0. 7
12. 3
1 3. 5

9. 0
10. 5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 35 — -------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 4 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

180. 0
2Cfc. S
242. 5
266.6
28 C * 7

30.7
35.3
41 .4
45. 5
4 7. 9

40.2
50.2
62.3
71.3
77.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

328.9
341.7
36C. 5
374. 5
387. 3

56. 2
53.3
61 .5
6 3. 9
6 6 . 1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

412.7
422.2
4 39. 1
447. 0
453. 4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------30 ------------------------------------------------ ■
4 0 -------------------------------■
----------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

480.4
49 5.4
509. 1
5l e . 9
525. 1

8 6

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 3.

6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

538.2
544.0
550.7
556.8
56C.0

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

585. 7

Av er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ---------------------------------------------




4 .6
5.0
6 .6

2.3
2. 5
3.3
4.5
5.2

Number

Percent
. 1
2. 7
10.3

.2

4. 0
16.0

18.9
.3
24. 5
26.4
23. 3

. 0
31.5
36.3
39.1
41.9
2 8

2 1

25.2
31.3
36.1
38 . 7

77.2
84.2
92.5
97.4
100.7

52 .2
5 5.9
62. 5
65. 8

95. 4
99.4
106.9
112.3
116. a

47.9
49.9
53.7
56.4
58.7

108.0
110.9
114.2
117.1
119.9

7 3.0
74.9
77.2
79. 1
81.0

70. 5
72.1
7 5.0
76. 3
77.4

128. 1
131.9
138.4
141.4
144.9

64.3

123.9
125.0
128.1
129.4
129.9

83. 7
84. 4

82.0
8 4.6
.9

77.9
80.9
83.9

89.7

155.2
161.1
167.2
171.5
174.2

37.5

134.6
137.0
138.6
139.9
140.7

91.9
92.9
94 .0
9 5. 1
95. 6

180.7
183.0
185.4
187. 7
189.0

90.7
91.9
93.1
94.2
94.9

141.9
142.6
143.3
144. 1
144.4

8 8 .6

1 0 0 .0

SI . 72

2 0 .2

6 6 .2

69.5
71.0
72.7

8 6 .1

190.0

199.2
$ 1 . 85

6 8 .0

J Number

Percent

♦

*

•8
3. 9

•6
2.7

Number

12. 7
14. 1
17. 8
2 1 . 6

23. 9
51.0
56 ,0
6 6 .0

71.4
74. 1

Percent
*

. 1

.1

.2

.2

8 ,6

1 .1

1 .2

9.6
. 1
14.7
16.2

1 .1

1 .2

1. 7
2. 5

1 .8

1 2

34. 6
38. 0
44. 9
43 .5
50.4

16.4
21.7
25.8
28 . 7

12. 7
18.0
23.7
28.3
31.4
42.6
45.9
49 .6
52.3
55.3

1 1 .6

1 0 0 .0

67 .9

105.7
107.7
111.9
113.6
114.6

71.8
73.2
76. 0
77.2
77.9

55.0
57.6
60.7
62.5
64.0

60.3
63. 1
66.5
68.5
70.1

90.9
92. 5
9 3. 7
94.5
95.1

1 2 1 .6

125.5
128. 8
131.0
132.4

82 .6
85.2
87.5
89.0
90 .0

69.0
71.9
74. 4
76.6
77.8

75.6
78.7
81.5
83.8
85.2

95 .9
96.4
96. 8
97 .4
97.6

135.5
136.8
138.9
140.1
140. 7

92 .0
92 .9
94 .4
95.2
95.6

80.1
81.5
83.2
84.9
85.8

87.7
89.3
91.1
93.0
94.0

37.4
87. 8

148.0

1 0 0 .0

$1.47

147.2

58. 8
60. 7
63. 9

2 .8

3.0

2 .8

38.9
42 .0
4 5. 2
47.8
50.5

8 6 .6

8 6 . 6
89.4
94. 1
9 7 .4

*

6 6 ,2

1 0 0 .0

$1.71

91.3

1 0 0 .0

$1.91

Men’s and boys’ clothing and furnishings stores
T a b l e 25.

C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U nited State s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

South

Northeast

North Central

J

West

A v e ra g e hourly earnings
Number

Percent

Number

_

Under $0. 50
Under $0. 75
Under $1. 00

.3
1.4

. 1
.3
1.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

05
10
15
20
25

4.9
5.9
7.0
7. 7
8.3

5.0
5.9
7.1
7.8
8.4

.3
.9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$ 1.

30
35
40
45
50

20.7
24.2
26.2
31.1
32.4

20.9
24.5
28. 5
3 1.4
32.7

5.2
7.0
3.4
9 .4
9 .9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

55
60
65
70
75

41.4
43.7
47.3
49. 1
5C.7

41. 8
44.2
47. 8
49.7
51.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 80
$1.85
$1. 90
$1. 95
$2. 00

56.4
58.0
61.0
62. 3
63. 1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

10
20
30
40
50

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$2.
$3.

.1

Percent

.

-

1

.2

.4
. 5

Number
.1

.3
. 9

Percent

11.3
13.0
15.4
16.3
13. 0

14.9
19.9
23. 8
26.7
28. 1

8. 4
9.3
10.4
11.3
1 1 .6

35. 5
39.2
43. 8
47 .3
48. 8

13.3
14. 1
15. 6
16. 3
16. 7

38.0
40.1
44.4
46.6
47. 7

13. 5
14. 3
15.0
15.4
15.9

56. 7
60. 1
62.9
64. 8
67.0

57. 1
58. 7
61.6
63.0
63.8

18.3
19.4
20.3
20. 7
2 1 .0

53.5
55.1
57.9
59.1
59.8

17.3
17.6
18. 2
18.5
18.6

72.7
7 3. 9
76.6
7 7. 6
78. 1

. e
72.4
76. 1
78. 3
79.8

69.6
73.3
77.0
75.2
80. 7

2 2 . 8
24. 1
25 .7
26 .7
27. 3

65.0
68.5
73.3
75.9
77.7

19.9
20. 5

83. 4

2 0 .8

87.4
39. 1
9C. 5

60
70
80
90
00

83.7
85.6
87.6
65.2
90. 2

84. 6
86.5
90. 2
91. 2

29. 1
30.0
39.5
31.3
31.6

82.9
85.4
87. C
89.1
90.1

Total -

98.9

.

3 5. 1

Av er ag e hourly earnings




6 8

8 8 .6

1 0 0

$1.97

0

1 .2

1.5
1.7
2 .2
2 .6

1 0 0 .0

$2.10

2 1 .2

21.5
21.9

8 6 .0

22. 3
22.4

91.9
92.3
93.2
93.8
94.3

23.8

103.0

2 2 .1
2 2 .2

$1.69

*
*
.3

. 5
1. 3
4. C

2.7
3.1
3. 7
3. 9
4. 3

.6

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

_

*
. 1
1.4

*

. 1

#?

2 . 1
2. 5
2. 7
2. 7

6 .5
8.3
9. 9
1 0 . 6
10.9

. 1
. 7
7.6
8 . 1
8.5

24 .4
26.8
30. 2
32. 5
33.9

1 .8

1 2 .0

2.3
2.4

15.3
16.2

.

1 2 .6

4 2 .4
44. 3
47 .6
49. 1
50 .4

3.9
4.2
4.8
5.1
5.5

26.2
28.3
32.3
34.0
36.4

13.9
14.2
15.2
15.7
16.0

55.5
57.0
61 .0
63 .0
6 3. 8

6.5
. 8
7. 1
7 .4
7 .5

43.2
45,4
47.5
49.2
50.2

17.4
18.4
19. 4
19. 8
2C* 1

69. 5
73.7
77. 5
7 9 .4
80.4

1 0 .2

6 8 .2

10.7
10.9

71.0
72.7

2 1 .2

84.8
86.5
89, 1
90. 2
90.9

11.5
11.9
12.7
13.1
13.4

76.7
79.0
84 .4
87.1
89.2

1 .6

6
6

1 0

6

1 1 .1

11.9
12.3

2 1 . 6

22.3
22.5
22. 7
25. 0

1 0 0 .0

$1.97

1 .2

1.3

.2

1 .6

.2

.4
. 4
.9

2 .5
2 .6
6 .2
8

1 .2

6

8.7
9.5

. i

58.2
63.3

15.0

1 0 0

$ 2 .1 7

.

0

Women’s ready-to-wear stores
T a b l e 26.

C u m u l a t i v e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n s o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s b y a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
U n i t e d S t a t e s an d r e g i o n s , J u n e 1966

United States

No rtheast

South

North Central

A v e r a g e hou rl y earnings
Number
Under $0. 5 0 ------------------------------------------ ----------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 00 ------------------------------------------------------------------

P e rc e n t

Number

P e rc e n t

Number

.5

_
.7

#i
1.9
7. 1

. 1
3. 3
12, 5

*

. !
2.3
9. 2

4. 3

1 .1

Percent

Number

Percent

West
Number

_

. 3
1.4

*
.
.

.6

2.7

*

1

.2

1

.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 05 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

2G.9
22.9
27,4
31.4
34.4

12.7
14,5
1 5, 9

2 .4
3. 0
4. 0
4.4

3.1
3.5
4. 4
5. 8
6.5

13.3
14.6
16.7
17.8
19, 1

2 3. 3
2 5,6
29. 3
31.3
33.5

1 0 .1

9.1
9.9
12 .9
16. 0
18. 5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------- ----$1. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

77. 1
88,9
L04, 3
114. 7
121. 7

3 5. 7
41. 2
48 .3
53.1
5 6.4

13.0
17.8
23. 4
2 7. 8
30. 7

19.9
26.0
34. i
40.4
44. 7

35. 7
37. 5
40.7
42.2
43.5

62. 5
65. 9
71.4
74.0
76. 3

21.9
24.4
28. 9
31.2
32.4

40 .2
44 .9
53. 2
57.4
59. 5

1 1 .2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 5 -------------------------------------------- ---------------------

138. 9
144,2
152. 2
157.8
163.7

64.3
6 6 . 8
70. 5
73. 1
7 5. 8

37. 3
39.3
42. 3
44. 8
47.0

55. 1
57.3
62.2
65.3
69.4

45.8
46. 5
47. 9
49.5
49. 5

80. 3
81. 5
83. 8
85, 1
86.9

36,6
38.0
40 .0
41.4
42, 8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$2.

8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

171. 1
174,4
180. 1
182. 7
184. 6

79.3
80.8
83.4
84. 6
85.5

50. 9
52.3
54. 3
55.3
56.4

74.1
76. 1
79.0
80.5
82.0

50.2
50. 5
51.4
51.7
51.9

8 8

.

90.2
90. 8
91.0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

193.8
199.2
2C2. 7
204. 5
205.6

89.8
92 .3
93.9
94.7
95. 2

60. 1
52. 1
63. 5
64.1
64.6

87.4
90.4
92.4
93 .4
94.0

53.2
54. 1
54.5
54.7
54.9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 3.

6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

208.4
209.4
2 1 0 . 1
211. 4
2 1 2 . G

96. 5
97. 0
97, 3
97.9
98.2

65.

95.8
96. 3
96. 7
97.4
97.7

55.4
55.7
55.8
56. 3
56.4

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------A v er ag e hourly earnings ---------------------------------------------




9. 7
1 0 .6

215.9

1 0 0 .0

$1.56

2 .2

8

6 6 .2

66.4
66.9
67.1
6 8

. 7
$1.69

1 0 0 .0

P e rc e n t

. 5
. 5
. 6
.9
. 9

1.3
1.4
1.7
2.4
2.4

. 6
9. 1

13.5
15.2

18.4
25.3
31.4
37.6
42.3

67. 2
69.9
73.5
76.0
78.6

18. 7
20.4
21. 7
23. 1
24.4

52.2
56.8
60.6
64,6
6 8 . 1

44. 3
44.9
46. 3
46.6
47. 1

81 .4
82.6
85.0
3 5.7
86.5

25.7
26, 7
28. 1
29.0
29. 3

71.8
74.6
78.5
81.0
81.8

93,4
94.9
95.6
96.0
96.3

49. 5
50,9
51.9
52.3
52. 5

91.1
93.6
95. 4
96. 1
96.5

31.0
32.1
32.8
33.4
33.6

8 6 . 5
89.7
91.6
93.2
93.8

97.2
97.7
97.9
90. 7
98,9

53. 1
53.3
53. 5
53.6
53.7

97.6
98. C
98.4
98.6
98. 7

34.1
34.3
34 ,4
34.6
34.8

95.2
95.7
96,0
96.7
97.2

1

8 8 .6

57.0

1 0 0 .0

$1.37

5.0
5.4
7,0
8 , 7

54.4

1 0 0 .0

$1.53

6

35.

8

1 0 0 .0

$1.72

2

Shoe stores
T a b l e 27. C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n s o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e arn in g's,
United State s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
Northeast

United States

North Central

South

West

Av e r a g e hourly earnings
Number
Under $0. 5 0 ----------------------Under $0. 7 5 ----------------------Under $ 1 . 0 0 -----------------------

Percent

*
.9
4. 3

*
.8
3.9

-

-

♦

♦

.2

.1

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

*
.5

*
1 . 8
9.6

.4
1.4

1.3
4 .8

5. 1
6.5
7 .6
8 .7
9.5

17.2
21.9
25. 9
29. 6
32.3

3.7
4 .0
4. 7
5. 7

12.3
13.3
15.6
19.0
20. 3

.

15.1
16.6
17.7
18.5
19.1

51.2
56.4
60. C
62.6
64.6

9.

13. 1
13.6

32. 7
35.9
40 .4
43.5
45.2

1.7
2. 9
3.7
3.9
4 .4

2 0 .0

6 8 .0

20. 7

16.4
16.8
17.9
18.7
19.0

54.5
55.6
59. 3
62. 1
63.3

6 .6

2C.4

1 0 .1

2 .8

Number

Percent
-

-

*

. 1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 0 5 ----------------------$ 1 . 1 0 ----------------------$1. 1 5 ----------------------$ 1 . 2 0 ----------------------$1. 2 5 -----------------------

9.4
. 1
13.2
15.9
17. 5

1 2 .0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

3 0 ----------------------3 5 ----------------------4 0 ----------------------4 5 ----------------------5 0 -----------------------

33.0
37. 5
41.8
44 .4
46. 5

29.9
3 3.9
37.8
40.2
42.2

6 .4
7.2
8.9
9.5

25.0
27 .5
29.1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 5 5 ----------------------$ 1 . 6 0 ----------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ----------------------$1. 7 0 ----------------------$1. 7 5 -----------------------

53.9
56.4
59.C
62.2
64. 1

48.8
51.1
53.4
56.4
58. 1

11.4
12.5
13.3
14.2
14.9

35 .0
38.5
40.8
43.8
4 5 .9

2 1 . 1

22.3

70. 1
71.4
74. 5
75. 8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2 .

8 0 ----------------------8 5 ----------------------9 0 ----------------------9 5 ----------------------0 0 -----------------------

68.3
7C.6
74. C
76.C
76.2

61. 8
64.0
67.0
6 8 .8

16. 1
17.0
18.2
19.0

70.

2 0 .2

49.6
52.3
56.1
58.5
62.1

23.2
23.4
24.2
24.6
24. 7

78. 5
79 .4
81.9
83.3
83, 8

22.3

67.8
69. 1
71.4
73. 2
74.0

1 1 . 0

47.0
51.4
55.1
56.7
60.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 2 . 1 0 ----------------------$ 2 . 2 0 ----------------------$2. 3 0 ----------------------- ___________________________ _______ ____
$2. 4 0 ----------------------$2. 5 0 -----------------------

83.6

21.5
23 .0
24.2
25.2
25.9

6 6 .2

90.2
92. 6
94.6

75. 7
78.6
81.7
83.9
85.7

70.6
74.5
77.5
79.7

26.2
26.6
27.1
27.6
27. 7

88.7
90. 3
91.7
93 .4
94.1

23.8
24.6
25.3
25.9
26.4

79.2
31.6
84 .2
85. 9
37. 7

1 2 . 1
12.7
13.6
14.0
14.6

65.9
69.1
74.1
.76.5
79.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2 .
$2.
$2 .
$2.
$3.

6 0 ----------------------7 0 ----------------------8 0 ----------------------9 0 ----------------------0 0 -----------------------

97.9
99 .7
101.9
103.2
104.4

8 8. 7
90.3
92.3
93.5
94.5

27.7
28.3
29.1
29.7
30. 3

85.2
37.0
89.5
91.4
93.2

28.0
28.2
28.4
28.5
28.6

94.9
95.6
96.4
96.8
97.0

27.0
27.4
28.2
28. 4
23.6

89. 5
90.9
93 .6
94. 5
95 .0

15.3
15.9
16.2
16.5
16.9

83.4

T o t a l --------------------------

11C.4

. C

18.3

A ve ra ge hourly earnings —




1 1

8 6 .8

8.5

Percent

Number

1 0 .0

14. 4
15.8

8

1 0 0 .0

$1 . 81

.5
.5
. 6
. 7

1 . 6
1 .6

1.9
2 .2

2. 9

1 . 0

19.6
2 2 .1

8 .1

32.5

1 0 0 .0

*2

.0 1

2 2 .0

29.5

1 0 0 .0

*1 .52

6 .1
8

1 0 .8
1 2 .2

2 0 .8

21.5
2 2 .0

30. 1
* 1 .7 8

1 0 0

.4
.4
1.7
4.1
4 .7

1

. 1

.3
.8

.9

9 .1
15.6
20.4
2 1 .2

24.1
33.1
35.2
37.3
40.0
42.8

6 .1

6 .4
7.3
7 .8
8 .6

9 .4
10 .4

8 6 .6

88.3
90.3
92.1
1 0 0 .0

*2

.0 1

Furniture, home furnishings, and household appliance stores
T a b l e 28. C u m u la t iv e n u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U n ited States and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

Av e r a g e hourly earnings
Number
Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

*

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

0 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------1 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

19.4
2 0 .5
24.7
28.0
29.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

61.1
67.2
78.5
86.7
92.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

1 2 2 .6

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

171.3
177.1
139. 5
196. C

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.
$ 2.

1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

*

♦

. 8
2.7

. 1
3. 1
9. 9

. 1
.5

. 1

2 .0

.5

Percent

7.2

5.2
5. 5
6 . 6
7. 5
7.9
16.3
18.0

*

*
1 . 8
6.7

1.3

1 2 .8

1 .8

15.7
16.8
17.6

1 1. 3
1 1 . 8
14. 6
15.6
16.3
27.5
2 9.7
33. 8
36.3
38.8

1 .1

1 .1

1.3
1.7
2. 5
2. 7

2.5
2 .8

1 2 .2

Number

Percent

_

Number

•9
1. 7
4.9
5. 1
5.6
6 . 7
7.1
15.4
16.4
18.4

1 .0

.3

.2

.

.6

1

8

5.3
5.5
6 . 1

Percent

-

-

.8

1.3
1.3
1.7

1.7
1.7
2 .2

7.2
7 .7

2 .0
2 .0

2 .7
2.7

16. 7
17. 7
2 0 .0

4 .8
5.7
7.3

6 .4
7 .6
9.8

21.9
23.3

8 .2

1 1 .0

21. 5

8 .5

11.3

2 3.2
24.7

13.1
16. 3
19.1
20.4

2 0 .6

29.6
32.1
36.5
39.2
41.9

32.8
34.6
37.2
39.3
41.6

28 . 7
30. 1
33.2
34. 8
36.2

29.0
30.5
33.6
35.2
36.6

50.0
52.5
55.3
57.5
60.7

46.3
48,7
51.2
53.3
56.2

29.8
31.4
33.9
35 .7
3 7 .7

32.3
34. 1
36. 7
38.7
40 .9

14.1
15.2
16.8
19.0
2 1 . 1

18.9
20.4
22.4
25.4
23.2

2 0 1 .0

46.0
4 7 .4
50.7
52. 5
53. 8

40 .8
41.8
45.3
46.5
47.6

41.3
4 2 .3
45.9
^7.1
48.3

64.4
66.5
69. 7
72.1
73.8

59.7
61.6
64.6
66.9
6 8 . 4

41.3
42 .4
45 .4
46 .7
47.9

44 .8
4 6 .0
49.2
50.6
52.0

25.3
26.5
29.1
30.7
31.6

33.8
35.4
38.9
41.0
42.2

229.7
241.1
25 3.4
260.5
266. 3

61. 5
64. 5
67.8
69.7
71.3

55.5
5 8.1
61. 7
63.4
65.3

56.3
58.9
62.5
64.2
6 6 . 1

80.5
83.9
86.9
88.7
89. 6

74.6
77. 8
30.5
82.2
33.0

55.3
53.3
61 .6
63. 5
65.2

59.9
63 .2
6 6 . 3
6 8 . 8
70. 7

38.4
40.7
43.3
44 .9
46.3

51.4
54.5
57.9
60.0
61.9

6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

2 B2 . 1
289.0
296.5
302.7
3C7.0

75.5
77.4
79. 4

73.0
75.2
77.8
79.4
80. 8

92.5
94.0
95.5
96.8
97.4

8 5. 7
8 7. 1
38. 5
89. 7
90.2

63 .4
70 .0
71 .7
73.5
74. 8

74.2
75.9
77 .8
79.7
81.1

49.2
50.9
52.5
54.0
55.0

65.8

82.2

72.0
74.2
76. 7
73.4
79.8

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

373.6

100. C

98.7

Av er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ---------------------------------------------




2 1 . 0

129. 3
139. 1
146.9
155.6

8 1 .0

$2.19

11.3
13.3
16.5
19.4

1 1 .2

1 0 0 .0

$2.23

107.9

1 0 0 .0

$1

.8 6

2 0 .2

92 .2

1 0 0

$2.26

.

0

74.

6 8 .0

70.2
72.2
73.6

8

1 0 0 .0

$2.52

Furniture, home furnishings, and equipment stores
T a b l e 29.

C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U nited States and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
Northeast

United States

North Central

South

West

Av e ra g e hourly earnings
Percent

Number
Under $0. 50 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 0. 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Number

2 . 1
7.0

*
.9
2.9

*
. i
. 1
. 5
.5

*

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

0 5 -------------- ---------------------------------------------------1 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------1 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------2 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

12.7
13.2
lfc.C
17.4
18.5

5.3
5.5
6. 6
7.2
7.7

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

38 . 8
42.9
5C.2
55.7
59. 1

16. 2
17.8
20.9
23.1
24, 6

$1. 5 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

78.3
83. 1
89.4
94. 8
ICC. 7

32.6
34. 6
37.2
39.4
41.9

$1. 8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 8 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 9 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$2. 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

111. 5
114.8
122.3
127.1
130.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

10 ------------------------------------------------------------------20 ------------------------------------------------------------------3 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$3.

6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------90 ------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

.1

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------Av er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ----------------------------------------------




Number

1 .2

1 .2

8.7
9. 1
11. 3

1 .2

1 .8

1 2 .0

1.3

2 .0

1 2 .6

11.9
12.5
15.6
16. 5
17,3

22.5

20.9
22.3
25.3
27.0
28. 9

28.8
30.8
34. 8
37.3
39.7

. 1
21.3
23.3
24.4
25. 3

31.5
33.3
36.5
38.1
39.5

34. 5
36.2
38.0
39.6
41 .6

46. 4
47,8
50.9
52.9
54. 1

27.8
28.4
3 0.4
31.2
31.3

43.5
44 .4
47.5
48.8
49. 7

147.5
154.9
163. 1
167. 5
171.1

61. 3
64.4
67. 8
69.6
71. 1

36.6
38.3
40. 7
41.7
42. 7

181. 1
184.6
189.9
194.2
197. 1

7 5.3
76.8
78.9
8 C. 7
81.9

47.0
48 .2
5C.1
51.1
52.2

1C0.C

64. 0

240.5
*2

.2 1

.8

.7

Percent
♦
1.7
7, 5

*
5.5

2 0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

♦

7.6
9.0
11.5
13.5
14.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

Percent

.8

11.9
14.1
18.0

| Number

.

| Percent
_

-

1 .2

.2

•4

2 . 1

6

1 .1
2

Number

-

-

.

Percent

. 3

.6

5. G
5. 1
5.5
6 . 1

8

2 .8

3.1
3 .4
3.7

.8

6 .6

7. 8
8.4
9 .7
10.9

1 .6

.8

1.7
1.7

. 8
.9
.9

1 . 8
1 .8

2.5
3. 1
3.7
4 .2
4.2

5.3
6.5
7.7

1 1 .6

14.0
15.1
17.4
19.6
20.9

47. 5
49.9
52.4
54.5
57.3

15.4
16.4
17.9
19.2
20.5

27.6
29.4
32.2
34. 5
36. 9

. 3
9.2

17.3
19.1

44 .4
45. 5
47 .3
49.2
50.0

61. 1
62.7
65.2
67.8
68.9

22.9
2 3 .7
25. 2
26. 1
27.0

41 .2
42 .7
45.3
4 6. 9
48.6

57.2
59.8
63.6
65.2
66.7

54. 8
56.9
58. 7
60.0
60.6

75.5
78 . 3
80. 9
82. 6
83.4

31.2
33.4
35. 8
36. 8
37. 8

73.4
75.3
78.2
79.8
81.6

62.3
62.9
64.0
65.0
65.4

85.8
8 6 . 6
38. 1
89. 6
90. 1

39. 8
4 0 .6
41 .6
42 .9
43. 6

1 oc.o

72.6

2 1 . 2

$2. 29

1 0 0 .0

$1.85

8

8 .6
8 .8

16.3
17. 2
19.4
21. 3

33.8
35.6
40.2
42.7
44. 1

24.9
26.3
27.9
28.9
30.0

51.5
54.5
57.8
59.9
62.2

71. 5
73.0
74.9
77. 1
78.3

3 2.1
33.0
34.2
35.2
35.8

66.4
68 .4
70.8
72.9
74.2

10C.C
$2 . 35

2 1 . 0

24.2
27.4

56. 1
60 .0
6 4. 4
66.3
6 8 . 0

55.6

1 0 .1

11.7
13.2

48 .3

2 0 .6

1 0 0 .0

.54
$2 ,

Household appliance stores
T a b l e 30.

C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U n ited States and r e g io n s , June 1966

(E m p lo y e e s in thousands)
United States

N o rth ea st

South

N orth C en tra l

Av e ra g e hourly earnings
N um ber
♦
♦
.4

4 .5
4. 9

.6
.6

6 .2

.6

8 .0

*
. 5

P ercen t
*
.7
2.4

N u m ber

1 . 0

P ercen t
♦

Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

0 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------1 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

3.4
3. 7
4 .7
6 . 1
6. 3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$1.
$1.

3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

12.4
13. 7
16.3
17.9
19.2

16.3
18.1
21. 5
23. 7
25.4

2 .4
2. 9
3 .4
3. 8
4.1

14.3
16.8
19.0
20.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

25.2
26.3
28. 7
30. 1
31.6

33.3
34. 8
37.9
39.7
4 1 .7

5.9
6 , 1
6 .7
7.1
7. 5

29.2
30.0
33.2
35.4
37.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

34.5
35.8
38 .4
39.6
40.7

45. 6
47. 3
50,8
5 2.3
53. 8

8.7
9. 0
9. 5
9 .3
9 .9

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.

1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

46 ,6
49. 2
51.9
53, 1
54.7

61.5
65.0
68.5
70.1
72 .2

1 1 .6

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 3.

6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

58. 8
60. 6
6 1 .9
63 .0
63 .8

77.6
80.0
81.7
83.2
84. 3

15.9
16.4
16. 8
17.0
17.2

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

75 .7

A ve ra ge hourly e a r n i n g s ---------------------------------------------




8

. 3

1 0 0 .0

$2.15

N u m ber

P ercen t

j

Num ber

-

_

1 .6

. 4

1 .8

1 . 1

4. 7

2 .9
2.9
3.1
4 .8
5.1

1. 7
1. 9
2.4
2.9
3.0

7.6

. 9

8 .2

1 .0

10.7
12.7
13.0

1 . 1

1. 5
1 . 6

5. 3
5 .9
7. 1
7 .8
8. 5

23.5
26.1
31. 1
34. 2
37.2

3.2
3.3
3.7
3. 9
4 .2

9.6

6 .2

11.4
11.9

42. 3
44.9
48.5
50.1
52.6

42.9
44.5
47.0
48.3
49.0

12.7
13.4
14.0
14.5
15.3

56.0
5 9.0
61.7
63.9
67.2

57.7
59.8
63.9
65.0

1 . 0

16.3
17.4
18.2
18.4
18.6

71.7
76.5
30.0
31.2
82.0

19.4

85.4
8 8 . 1
89. 2
90. 3
90 .6

1 2 .1

1 2 . 1

12.9
13.1
13.9

6 8 .8

78.9
81.2
83.0
84.3
84.9
1 0 0 .0

2 0 .2

$2

.2 0

-

•1
. 2

.1

1 0 .2
1 1 .0

2 0 .0

20.3
20.5
2 0 .6

22.7

1 0 0 .0

$1.91

P ercen t

. 6

W est
Number

.9

. 1

.2

4. 7
5.3
5.6
7.8

. 2

8 . 1

16.3
16. 9
18. 9
20.3

P ercen t
-

*

1.4
1 .6

.2

1 .6

. 6

4.1
5.3
5.3

. 7
.7
1.4

1 0 .8

1 .6

2 1 . 8

2.4
2 .4

11.7
16.2
17.7
17.9

32.2
33 .4
35.6
37.0
33. 3

3. 5
3.6
4.1
4.4
4 .7

25.7
26.8
30.4
32.7
34.7

1 0 .0

41 .7
42 .4
4 9. 5
50. 7
51.4

5. 1
5.2
5.3
5.5
5.6

37.7
38.5
39.8
41.0
42.0

11.9
12.5
13.1
13.6
14.1

61 .6
64.5
67 .5
70.0
72.7

6.7
7.2
7.7
8 .1

49.8
53.9
57.4
59.4
60 .3

14.9
15.5
15.9
16.2
16.6

76. 9
79. 7
81.9
83.5
35.5

8.5
8.7
9.0
9.3
9.5

63.8
65.0
67.1
69.2
70.7

. 5
6. 9
7 .2
7 .4
6

8

.

1

8 .2

9 .6
9 .8

19.4

1 0 0 .0

$2.19

2 .2

8 .0

13.4

1 0 0 .0

$2.48

0)

-4

Miscellaneous retail stores
T a b l e 31.

C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U nited States and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

West

North Central

South

Northeast

A v e r a g e hourly earnings
Number
Under $0. 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $ 0 . 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent

1 .0

.1

16.2
49.4

1 .6

5.0

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

*
. 3
1.3

32.5

.3
4. 3
11.7

10.9
11.7
13.5
15.2
17.1

4.1
4. 4
5.1
5. 7
6.4

55.9
59.4
R. 0
73.0
78.6

21.3
24. 4
26. 2
28. 2

*
.9
3. 5

.8
1 2 .0

Number

Percent
♦
.9
4.3

. 1

2 .4
1 1 .0

Number

Percent

. 8
2.4

•1
.4
1.3

11.4
13.9
15.3
16.4

6 . 3
6 .7
7.7
9 .9
10.4

3.4
3.6
4.1
5.3
5.6

20.3
29.9
34.6
38.4
40.3

10.9
16.1
18.6

62.3
63.8

. 1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 0 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 1 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 1 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$1. 2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 2 5 --------------- ---------------------------------------------------

ICC. 4
107. 1
124.9
137.5
148.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$ 1 . 3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1. 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

277.1
315. 8
359.4
387.5
406.9

31.9
36.4
39.2
41.2

51.2
62.8
73.6
80.5
85.2

19.2
23.5
27.6
30.1
31.9

128.6
137.1
149. 6
158.8
164.1

46 .2
49.2
53.7
57 .0
58. 9

1 0 1 .6

109.9
117.4

3G.0
33. 5
39.6
42.9
45.8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$1.
$1.

5 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------6 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------7 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------

498. 1
523. 8
555. 7
572. 6
587. C

50 .4
5 3.0
56. 2
57.9
59.4

112.9
125.6
135.2
140.2
143.9

42.3
47.9
50.6
52.5
53.9

183.1
188.3
196.3
201.3
204.5

65.7
67.5
70.4
72. 2
73.4

139. 8
146. 2
156. 1
160. 1
165. 3

54.5
57 .0
60. 9
62.4
6 4 .4

6 8 .1

71.0
73.4

33.5
34.3
36.6
38.2
39.4

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------8 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------9 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

62C.9
637.3
655.7
6 6 8 . 8
677.0

62.8
64. 5
66 .3
67 .7
68.5

153.6
157. 6
163.4
167.1
169.5

57.5
59.C
62 .6
63.5

211.7
214.7
218.4
22 1.7
223.2

75. 9
77.0
78.3
79.6
80. 1

173.0
17 9 .C
184.2
187. 1
189.3

6 7 .4
69.8
71.8
72.9
73. 8

82.7
. 1
89.7
92.8
95.0

44.4
46.3
48.2
49.9
51.0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

10
2 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------3 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

731.5
754.5
782. 1
796.6
8C7. 5

74.0
76.4
79.1
80 .6
81 .7

69.5
72.3
75.3
77.0
78.6

234. 1
240. 1
244.6
24 7.7
249.2

84. 0

2 0 1 .2

87.8
88.9
89. 4

201.3
206. 7
213. 5
216.2
218.4

78. 5
30.6
83 .2
94.3
85.1

110.4
114.9
122. 7
127.0
129.9

59.3
61.8
65.9
69.8

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2. 6 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 2 . 7 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$2. 8 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$ 2. 9 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------$3. 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------

833.7
853.9
867. 1
878.3
883.8

84.3
86.4
8 7.7
88 .9
8 9 .4

81.7
84.5
86.3
87.6
8 8 .0

253.3
254.9
257.8
260.0
260.7

90.9
9 1 .5
92. 5
93.3
93. 5

225.4
228.3
231.0
23 3.4
235.8

87.9
89,0
90. 1
91.0
9 1. 9

136,7
144. 9
147.8
150.7
152.3

73.5
77.8
79.4
81.0
81.9

1 0 0 .0

27 8.7

.

186.1

T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------A ve rag e hourly e a r n i n g s ----------------------------------------------




1 0 .2
1 0 .8

. 6
13.9
15.0
1 2

2 8 .0

588.4

1 0 0 .0

* 1 . 89

6 1 .2

185. 7
193. 1
205. 7
2 1 0 .0

218.2
225.8
230.5
234.1
235.0
267. 1
$ 2 . 04

2 0 .1

6

8 6 .2

1 0 0 .0

* 1 , 61

2 7.2
29.2
35. 7
39.3
42.2
77.0
8 6 .0

256.5

1 0 .6

1 0 0

$ 1 ,, 80

0

2 0 .6
2 1 .6

8 6

6 8 .2

1 0 0 .0

$2 .,29

Drug and proprietary stores
T a b l e 32. C u m u la t iv e n u m e r i c a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s by a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
U n ited State s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

Av e r a g e hourly earnings
Number

Percent

.7

Number

Percent

*
.3

Number

North Central

Percent

Number

West

Percent

.5
7.9
19.7

_

_

1 .8

1.7
7 .3

40. 1
42.0
47.0
49.5
52.9

32.6
34.2
3 8.2
40.2
4 3 .0

18.4
19.7
24.4
27.2
29. 6

16.9
18.0
22 .3
2 4. 9
27. 1

*
.4
2. 5

.7
9 .7
24.3

7. 1
7. 6
8.5
9. 3

8 .3
8.3
9 .4
10.4
11.5

Number

Percent

♦
.5

*

Under $0. 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $0. 7 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Under $1. 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

36. 1

3. 3
9.5

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.

0 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------1 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

70.2
74. 1
85.0
92.5
99.4

18.5
19.5
22.4
24.4
26.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$ 1.
$1.
$1.

3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

159.3
175.0
194. 1
2C7. 1
214.5

42 .0
46. 1
51.2
54.6
56. 6

26.2
31.8
36.5
3 9. 8
4 1 .3

32.3
39.2
44.9
49.1
51.5

73.6
78.2
83.4
87.3
89.2

59.9
63.6
67. 8
71.0
72 .6

46.9
50.8
57.6
61.5
64.3

42 .9
46 .5
52.7
56 .3
58.9

1 2 . 6

14.2
16.7
18.5
19.2

19.0
21.5
25.3
28.1
29.1

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1. 5 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$ 1 . 6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 6 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------$1. 7 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------

245.7
250. 8
259.6
266.9
270.7

4.

6 8 .4
70.4
71.3

51.8
52.8
55.6
56.8
57.5

63. 7
65.0
68 .4
70.0
70.9

96.5
97.7
99.4
101.9

78.5
79.5
80.8
32.9
83.6

73.1
75 .3
78 .2
80.2
81.7

66 .9
69.0
71.6
73 .5
74.8

24.3
2 4. 9
26.5
28.0
28.6

36 .9
37.7
40.2
42 .4
43.3

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$1.
$1.
$1.
$1.
$2.

8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------8 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------9 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

282.4
286.2
291.6
294. 1
296. 5

74.4
75 .5
76.9
77.5
78.3

60,0
60.5
61.6
6 2 .4
63.0

73.9
74.5
75.9
76. 8
77.6

104.6
105.4
106.2
106.7
107.0

8

5. 1
85.7
86.4
86.3
37. 1

85. 5
87.0
89.4
90. 1
90.6

78.2
79 .7
81. 8
82.5
83.0

32. 3
33.3
34 .4
34.9
36.3

48 .9
50.5
52.1
52.8
55.0

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$2.
$2.
$2.
$ 2.

1 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------3 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

310.4
315.3
221.3
324. 9
326. 9

81.8
3. 1
84.7
85.7

65.9
66 .9

81.1
82.4
83.8
84.6
85.2

109.2
110.7

112.3

88.9
90.0
90.8
91.1
91.4

93.6
94.7
96.1
96.7
97. 1

85 .7
36.7

1 1 1 .6

41. 7
43.0
45 .6
47.5
48.3

63.2
65.2
69.0
72.0
73.2

Under
Under
Under
Under
Under

$2.
$ 2*
$2.
$2.
$3.

6 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------70 ------------------------ ■ -■■ ■
—
— ----------— ..—
8 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------90 -----------------------------------------------------------------0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

332.9
339.5
340.9
34 2.5
343. 8

113.0
113.3
113.5
113.9
114.3

91. 9
92.2
92.4
92 .7
93.0

99.2
99 .4
99. 7
1 0 0 . 1
100.7

90 .8
91 .0
91 .3
91 .7
92.2

50.0
55.3
55.7
55.9
56. 1

75.8
83.8
84.4
84.8
85.0

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

379.3

A v er ag e hourly e a r n i n g s ---------------------------------------------




.2

1 2 .2

6

8

6 6 .1

8

2 .0
6 .8

6 8 .1

8 6 .2

68 .7
69 .2

87. 8
89. 5
89.9
90 .3
90 .6

70.7
71.5
71.9
72.5
72.8

1 0 0 .0

41. 73

87.0
38.0
8 8 .6

89.3
89.6

81.2

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 . 32

1 0 2 .8

1 1 2 .0

122.9

1 0 0 .0

t l . 47

8 .0

109.2

8 8 .0
8 8
8 8

. 5
. 8

1 0 0 .0

$ 1 .,67

. 8

1 . 8

2 .8

5.0
5.2

7 .5
7 .9
9.1

6 .0

7.3
7.6

1 1 . 1

11.5

6 6 .0

1 0 0 .0

$2 . 26

Building materials, hardware, and farm equipment dealers
Table 33. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
United States

North Central

South

Northeast

West

Weekly hours of work
Number
Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 -------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 -------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 -------------------------------------- -----------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over ------------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------Av er ag e weekly hours

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

. 1
56.7
23.8
119. 1
27.0
3 8.5
49.5
156.2

4. I
11. 5
4.9
24.3
5.5
7.9
1 0 . 1
31.8

. 1
15.6
5.7
25.1
5.2
4 .5
9.5
24.6

6. 4
16.2

4 ,2
14.5
7. 8
32.8
8.5
13.0
18.8
57.6

2. 7
9. 3
4 .9
20.9
5. 4
8.3

2 0

490.9

6

26.1
5.4
4 .7
9.9
25.5

96.4

1 0 0 .0

41 .7

-------------------------------------------------

6 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 2 . 0

36.

157.2

39 . 2

6

.

0

1 0 0

Number

Percent

6 ,9
17, 5
6 . 5
31.1
8 . 4
8. 7
15.8
59. 3

4. 5
11.4
4 .2
2 0 . 1
5 .4
5. 7
10,3
38. 5

154.2

43 . 4

1 0 0 .0

Number

Percent

2.9
9.0
3 .9
30.1
4 .9
12.3
5.4
14.7

3.4
10.9
4.7
36.2
5.9
14.8
6.5
17.6

83. 1

42 .4

1 0 0 .0

40.2

General merchandise stores
Table 34. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
North Central

South

Northeast

United States

West

Weekly hours of work
Number
Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 -------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 -------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over -------------------------------------------------------------------

9,0
27.5
17.1
31.9
5.6

158.2
481.9
299.5
557.8
98. 2

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent

1750.1

A ve ra ge weekly hours




------------------------------------------------

Number

2 0 .6

1 .2

44.6
89. 3

2. 5
5. 1

10.4
32.5
23.4
23.3
4 .0
.5

47.1
146.7
105.6
105.2
18.1
2 . 1
8. 0
18.5

.

Percent

451.2

1 0 0

33.5

0

1 .8

4.1
1 0 0 .0

31.8

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

7.5
22.4
16.2
3 3.6
7.6
2. 3
3.8
6. 7

51.9
151.5
76.4
180. 2
26.9

9 .7
28. 5
14.4
33.9
5.0
1 . 1
2 .4
5.0

36.7
109.8
79.1
164.4
37.0
1 1 . 1

18.5
32. 8
489 .4

1 0 0 .0

35. 1

6 .0

12. 9
26.5
532.3

1 0 0 .0

33.3

Number

Percent

2 2 .6

8 .1

73.9
38. 4
108.0
16.3
1.4
5 .2
11. 5

26.7
13.8
39.0
5.9
.5
1.9
4.1

277. 2

1 0 0 .0

33.8

Department stores
T a b le 35. N u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o rk ,
U n ited S tate s and r e g io n s , J une 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

West

North Central

Weekly hours of work
Number
Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over -----------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------A ve ra ge weekly hours

Percent

Number

92.9
318.3
191.8
382. 0
59.8
5. 5

8.4
8.9
17.4
34.7
5.4
. 5

2 0 .0

1 .8

3C.5

2 .8

5 .2
10.3

1 0 0 .0

Percent

297.2

2

1 1 0 0 .8

1 . 0

33.1

------------------------------------------------

9 .6
34. 5
23.5
22.7
4.2
.3
1. 7
3.5

28.6
102.4
69.9
67 .4
12.4

1 0 0 .0

Number

Percent

18.4
68.9
52.1
103.7
19.7

Number

2 .0

6 .2

1 . 8

3, 2

2 .2

7 .4

2 .2
1 0 0 .0

279.6

7.9
27.3
13.2
4 1 .4

186.0

. 8

5. 5
9 .0

Percent

14.6
50.9
24.5
77.1
11.5
•6
3.1
3.8

6 .6

24 .7
18. 6
37. 1
7.0

1 0 0 .0

9.2
2 8 .4
13 .4
39.6
4 .8
.5

31.2
96.1
45 .3
133.8
16.3
1. 7

338.0

34.5

31.6

Percent

Number

32.9

6 .2

.3
1.7
2 .0
1 0 0 .0

33,6

Limited price variety stores
Table 36. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
__________________________________________________________________________________________ (Ejnplovees in thousands)
Northeast

United States

North Central

South

West

Weekly hours of work
Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Under 1 5 ------------------15 and under 35 --------35 and under 4 0 -------4 0 ------- -----------------------Over 40 and under 44
4 4 -------------------------------Over 44 and under 48
48 and over --------------

36.7
83.0

12.7
28.7
23.1
2 3.7
4.3

1 2 . 0

14.9
32.2
27.6
19.5
2 .4
•4

1 0 .0

10. 9
23.0
18. 8
27.5
7. 0
1.4
4. 7
6. 7

9 .7
24.7

12.4
3 1 .6
25 .8
19.6
4 .2
.3
2 .5
3 .5

T o t a l ----------------

289.3

A v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s




6 6 .8

68.7
12. 5

. 8

2 .2

7.5
11.9

.6
4.1
2

1 0 0 .0

3 1 .9

25.

8

2 2 .2

15.7
1.9
.4
.7

.8
2 .0

1 .6

80.2

1 0 0 .0

3 0 .2

2 1 .0

17.2
25.1
6.4
1.3
4.3
6 .1

91 .4

1 0 0 .0

3 3 .9

2 0 .1

15.3
3. 3
.2
2 . 0
2 .8

78.1

1 0 0 .0

3 1 .4

Number

Percent

5.1
11.5
7.3

1 2 .8

29.1
18.5
31.7
2 .4

1 2 . 6

.9
.3
.5
1 .4

. 8
1 .2

3.5

39 .6

1 0 0 .0

3 1 .8

Food stores
T a b l e 37. N u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o rk ,
U n ited S tate s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

Weekly hours of w ork
Number
Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 -------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 -------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 4 4 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 4 8 --------------------------------------------------48 and over ------------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------A v er ag e weekly hours

Percent

6 6 .0

201.4
1440.0

Percent

Number

46. 1
153.2
2 8.4
104.0
30.5
7. 5
18.1
36.6

9.9
31.1
7.1
25.0
6 . 5
1.7
4.6
14.0

143.0
448.4
102.7
36 C. 3
93 .7
24.4

Number

10.9
36. 1
6 .7
24. 5
7. 2

30.9
95.5
26.2
88.4
27. 1
6.5
22.7
76.1

4. 3
8 . 6

424.4

1 0 0 .0

34.1

-------------------------------------------------

1 . 8

1 0 0 .0

Percent
8. 3
25 .6
7. 0
23 .7
7.3

4 2 .5
134.6
34.7
8 6 .4
27 .4

1 .8

1 0 . 6

33 .5
8 .6

2 1 .5
6 .8

1.5
4. 8
12 .5

6 .2

6 . 1

19. 1
50.3

20.4

373.3

1 0 0 .0

401 .2

36.6

32.0

Percent

Number

1 0 0 .0

Number

Percent

23.5
65.2
13.4
81.5

9.7
27.0
5.6
33.8
3 .6
1 .7

8 .8

4. 1
6 .2

2 .6

38.5

15. 9

241.1

33.4

1 0 0 .0

34.7

Grocery stores
Table 38. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

North Central

South

West

Weekly hours of work
Number
Under 15 ------------------15 and under 3 5 -------35 and under 4 0 -------4 0 -------------------------------Over 40 and under 44
4 4 ------------------------------Over 44 and under 48
48 and over --------------

117. 6
386.4
85.6
3 C8 . 8
84.4
2 0 . 1
55.4
165.3

T o t a l ----------------

Percent

1223.5

A v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s




9.6
31.6
7.0
25.2
6.9
1 . 6
4.5
13.5
1 0 0 .0

3 4 .0

Number

Percent

35.4
126.1
20. 5
79.6
25.9
6.5
12.9
23. 5

10.7
38.2
6 .2

24.1
7.8
2 .0

3 .9
7.1

330.4

1 0 0 .0

3 1 .6

Number

Percent
. 1
26 .2
6.9
23.5
7.7

27.9
90.5
24.0
81.0
26.7
5. 6
19. 8
69.6

Number

2 0 .2
1 0 0 .0

Percent

10. 5
3 3 .4
8.7
22.3
7. r
1.4
5. 1

9.0
26.8
5 .6
35.0
3 .7

1 1 . 6

18.3
54. 8
11.3
71.6
7.5
3.3
5.1
32 .4

1 0 0 .0

204.3

343.8

1 .6

5.7

3 6 .6

Number

36.0
115.0
2 9. 8
76. 6
24.3
4 .7
17.6
3 9. 8

8

34 5.0

Percent

3 3 .4

1 .6

2.5
15. 8
1 0 0 .0

3 4 .7

Automotive dealers and gasoline service stations
T a b le 39. N u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o rk .
U n ited S tate s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(E m p lo y e e s m thousand
United States

Northeia St

Weekly hours of work
Number

Number

70. 0
185. 4
55.7
.732 • 8
47. 3
149.4
114. C
446.4

Under 16 -------------------15 and under 3 5 ---------35 and under 4 0 ---------4 0 --------------------------------Over 40 and under 44
4 4 --------------------------------Over 44 and under 48
48 and over ---------------

Percent
5.4
14. 3
4. 3
17.9
3. 6
11.5

20.3
45 .4
16. 2
54. 9
13. 7
2 6.4
23.6
76. 1

8 .8

34. 3

1301.1

T o t a l ----------------j

A ve ra ge weekly hours

J

7.3
16.4
5.9
L9. 3
5 .3
9.5
9.5
27.5

2 76. 7

1 0 0 .0

41.6

South

Percent

100.3

Number

North Central

Percent

14. 8
33.6
12.7
52.7
12.4
48.0
42. 1
173.2

3.8
8 .6

3,
1 3.
3.
12.

3
5
2
3

1 0 .8

44. 5

389.6

1 0 0 .0

39. , 2

West

Number

Percent

Number

15. 9
56 .0
14. 1
53. 4
10.5
45.0
28. 9
124. 4

4. 6
16. 1
4 ,1
15.3
3.0
12.9
8. 3
35.7

19.0
50. 4
12. 7
71.8
10. 7
30.0
19.4
72.7

348. 2

4 4 .9

1 0 0 .0

Percent
6 .6

17.6
4 ,4
25. 0
3.7
10. 5
6 .8

25.4

286.6

41.7

1 0 0 .0

39.3

Motor vehicle dealers (new and used cars)
Table 40. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
United States

South

Northeast

North Central

West

Weekly hours of work
Number
Under 15 ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 35 ------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 __________________________________________
4 0 ___________________________________________________________
Over 40 and under 44 -------------------------------------------------4 4 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 -------------------------------------------------48 and over -----------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------Av er ag e weekly hours




------------------------------------------------

Percent

11.7
32. fc
30.5
129. 6
29. 1
124.7
81. 0
170.2

1.9
5.4
5.0
21.3
4. 8
20.5
13. 3
27.9

6C9.4

1 0 0 .0

43 .4

Number

Percent
2.5

3. 3
1 0 .6

8 .1

10.9
33.3
9. 9
2 0 . 1
16. 3
2 5. 9

8. 4
25. 5
7.6
15.5
12.5
19.9

130.4

1 0 0 .0

41 .7

Number

Percent

4. 1
5. 7
6 .3
24.0
6 . 8
4 0 ,4
33. 1
73.3
193.

. 1
2. 9
3.3
12.4
3. 5
20. 9
17. 1
37. 8
2

8

1 0 0 .0

45.0

Number

Percent

3. 1

. 8
6 . 7
4 .5
17.5
3 .6
23.0
1

1 1 .6

7.8
30. 5
6 . 3
40. 0
19.4
55,6

1 1 . 1

31 .9

174. 3

1 0 0

43.9

.

0

Number

Percent

1 .1

1 .0

4. 8
5. 5
41.8
6 . 0
24. 1
1 2 . 2
15.4

4.3
4. 9
37.7
5.4
21.7
1 1 .0

13.

110.9

8

1 0 0 .0

42.0

•si

CO

-4

Gasoline service stations

*

T a b l e 41. N u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s o f n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o r k ,
U nited S tates and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
Northeast

United States

North Central

South

West

Weekly hours of w ork
Number
Under 15 .................................................................... .....
15 and under 3 5 -------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 -------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over ------------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------Av er ag e weekly hours

Percent

Number

Percent

48.3
126.7
19.3
62. 8
9 .5

9.8
25.6
3.9
12.7
1. 9

15.6
28.9
3. 8
13. 8

14.4
26.7
3.5

2 .0

1 0 .8

2 .2

3.2
4 .6
36 . 3

1.9
3.0
4.2
33.5

3. 6
40.2

17.8
198.8
494.0

1 0 0 .0

Percent
6.4
16.2
3.3

8 .0

20. 3
4. 2
15.1

1 2 .8

108.2

1 0 0 .0

1 2 . 1

. 1
1. 9
3. 3
54. 8

2 .6

2

2 .3
4.1
6 8 .8

125.5

1 0 0 .0

35 .5

39.3

-------------------------------------------------

Number

Number

Percent

9.9
37.0
5. 1
13.2

7.8
29.1
4.1
10 .4

2 .6

2 .0

1 .4
4 .5
4 0. 7

1 . 8

5. 7
51.7
126.9

45'• 4

1 0 0 .0

Number

Percent

14.8
40 .5

1 1 . 1

30.4
4 .6
15.5
1.7

6 . 2
2 0 .6
2 .2

3.5
3 .4
42 .1

2 .6
2 .6

31.6

133.4

1 0 0 .0

36.7

39.2

Apparel and accessory stores
Table 42. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
United States
weekly nours oi

Number
Under 15 —
15 and under 35
35 and under 40

—

An

Over 40 and under

44

---------------------------------------------------

Over 44 and under 48 ---------------------------------------------------

70.0
146. 6
94. 4
151.0
31. 1
12. 7
22.4
57. 5




------------------------------------------------

Percent
1 2 .0

25.0
16. 1
2 5. 8
5.3
2.2

3.8
9. 8

.

100 0

585.7
Av er ag e weekly hours

Northeast

South

North Central

West

woik

33 .4

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

24. 6
55.5
39. 0
48 .3

12.4
27.9
19.6
24. 3
4.3
3. 4
7.0

19.2

. 1
19.9
16. 1
24. 7
7.4
4. 2
4. 5
13. 0

17.6
38 .6
2 0 . 1
41.2
7 .6
2. 7
6 . 0
13.5

11.9
26.2
13.6
28.0
5.1

1 .2

15.0
29.5
23.8
36.6
10.9
6 .3

8 .6

2. 4
6 . 9
13.9
199. 2

1 0 0 .0

32 . 5

1 0

6 .6

148.0

1 0 0 .0

35 .

1

1 .8

4. 1
9. 1

147.2

1 0 0 .0

33 .3

Number

Percent
14.0
25.2
12.5
27.2
4 .4
1.5
3.2
11. 9

1 2 .8

23.0
11.4
24.9
4. 0
1.4
2.9
10.9
91 .3

1 0 0

32 .9

.

0

Men’s and boys’ clothing and furnishings stores
Table 43. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

Weekly hours of work
Number

Percent

Under 15 ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over ------------------------------------------------------------------

1 0 .2

10.4

. 8
9 .3
26.1
6 . 7
3.6
5.6
16.5

2 1 . 1

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

98.9

A v er ag e weekly hours

2 0

Number
4.0
8.9
3. 8
8.7
1. 5
.5
1 . 8
5. 9

9.4
26 .4
6 . 8
3.6
5.7
16.7

Number

Percent

Number

1.9
3 .8

7.9
16.0
8. 6
28.0
10. 3
7.2
4 .8
17.3

2. 9
5.0
2 .5
6 . 5

11.4
25.3
10.7
24.9
4.3
1.5
5.2
16.8

35.1

1 0 0 .0

35,.5

------------------------------------------------

Percent

2 .0

6 .7
2. 5
1. 7
1 . 1

4. 1
23.8

1 0 0 .0

34, , 1

1 0 0 .0

Percent
11.5
. 1
9.9
2 5 .8
8 .4
4 .3
6 .7
13.3

1 . 1
1 .7
3.3

2 5 .0

37. 4

Percent

1.5
3.1
1 . 1
4 .2
.7
.3

2 0

2 . 1

Number

1 0 .0

20.7
7.1
28.3
4.5
1.7
6 .3
21.4

1 .0

3.2
15.0

1 0 0 .0

35,, 2

1 0 0 .0

36.2

Women’s ready-to-wear stores
Table 44. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
Northeast

United States

South

North Central

West

Weekly hours of work
Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Under 15 ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------4 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 -------------------------------------------------48 and over ------------------------------------------------------------------

24. 9
59.8
46 .7
54.6

11.5
27.7

9. 1
21.7
18.8
13.0
3.3
. 1

13.2
31.6
27.4
18.9
4.8

5.4
11.9
11.9
16.6
4. 6

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

215.9

A v er ag e weekly hours




------------------------------------------------

2 1 . 6

25.3
5. 5
1.4
2. 7
4.2

1 1 .8

3. 0
5. 9
9.1

1 0 0 .0

32.5

.2

1 .6
6 8

. 7

1 0

31 . 2

2 0 .8

20.9
29.2
8 .0

3. 2
3.8
4.7

2 .2

2.7

C. 0

9.4

1 .8

1.5
2.3

1 .0

Percent

57.0

1 0 0 .0

34. 3

Number

Percent

5. 4
15.6
1 0 . 1
16.3
2. 3
.3

9.9
28. 7
18.5
29. 9
4.3

2 .0

3 .6
4 .5

.6

2. 5
5 4 .4

1 0 0

32.9

.

0

Number

Percent

5.1
10.7
5.9
8.7

14.3
29.7
16.4
24.3
4.5

1 .6

.7
. 8
2.4

2 .0

35.8

1 0 0 .0

2 .1
6

.

6

31.3

^1
01

0)

Shoe stores
T a b l e 45. N u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o rk ,
U nited S tate s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

North Central

West

Weekly hours of work
Number
Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 -------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 -------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ----------------------------------------------- ------------ -----------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over ------------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l --------------------------------------------------------------------Av er ag e weekly hours

Percent

18.4
24.1
8. 9
22. 5
6.9
2.9
5.5

16.7

6 .0

2 1 .8

6. 9
2. 5

18.4
20.9
7. 7
25.0
7.2
2.3

2 .6

20,4
6. 2
2. 6
5.3
19.0

2 1 .0

8 .1

8 .1

10.4

3 .4
32. 5

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

Number

Percent

4 .4
5. 5
2. 3
4 .6
1.9
.9
1.3

14.8
18. 8
7.8
15.7
6. 4
3.1
4.4
29.1

8 .6

29.5

1 0 0 .0

32 .4

33 . 6

------------------------------------------------

Percent

2.3
. 8

8 .0

11C. 4

Number

Number

Percent

5. 5
7.7
2 . 0
5. 8

Percent

18. 1
2 5 .6

2 .6

14.4

4 .0

2 2 .1

6 .8

2 .0

10.9

19.3

3.9
. 8

2 1 .6

1 .8

6 .0

1 . 0

3 .2
4 .2
16. 8

1.3
5.0
30.1

35 . 2

Number

1 0 0

.

0

4 .6
1.3
3.6

. 2

.7
4 .0

2 1 . 6

18.3

1 0 0 .0

32.8

34 . 6

Furniture, home furnishings, and household appliance stores
Table 46. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
North Central

South

Northeast

United States

West

Weekly hours of work
Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Under 15 -------------------15 and under 3 5 ---------35 and under 4 0 ---------4 0 --------------------------------Over 40 and under 44
4 4 --------------------------------Over 44 and under 48
48 and over ---------------

21.5
58.8
28.0
119.2
2 1 . 0
22.5
23.8
78.9

5. 8
15.7
7.5
31.9
5.6

7. 7
19.4

7.8
19.6
10.9
34.8
4 .9

T o t a l -----------------

373.6

A v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s




Number

Percent

6 .0

2 .2

2 .2

5 .4
30.1
7.0
11.3

6.4

3. 9
15.5

4.0
15.7

1 1 . 1

2. 7
9 .3
5.0
2 7. 9
6.5
10.4
10. 3

30.2

2 8 .0

2 1 .1
1 0 0

3 8 .6

.

0

1 0 .8

34. 3
4 .8

98. 7

1 0 0 .0

3 6 .0

2.9
1 0 .0

107.9

1 0 0 .0

42. 1

Number

Percent
7.1
18 .4
6 . 3
29.6

6. 5
17. 0
5. 8
27.3
5. 7
5. 2
5. 5
19.2

6 .2

5 .6
5 .9
20 .9

92.2

1 0 0 .0

3 7 .8

Number

Percent

4 .4
12.3
6 . 0
27 .4
3.5
3.9
3.4
13. 9

5.8
16.5
8 .0

36.7
4 .6
5.2
4.5
18.6

74.8

1 0 0 .0

3 8 .0

Furniture, home furnishings, and equipment stores
Table 47. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
United States

Northeast

South

West

North Central

Weekly hours of work
Number
Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 ------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 4 4 --------------------------------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 4 8 --------------------------------------------------48 and o v e r --------------------------------------- ---------------------------

13.9
38.3
17.9
77. 8
15.2
13.4
16.9
47 .2

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent

240. 5

A v er ag e weekly hours

Number

5. 8
15.9
7.4
32.3
6.3
5.6
7. C
19. 6

5 .5
13.0
5 .6
23.9
3.2

.

Percent

64. 0

1 0 0

8 .6

20.3
8 .8

37.4
5. 0

1 . 1

1 .8

3 .2
15.0

2 .0

9 .6

0

1 0 0 .0

38.4

------------------------------------------------

Number

Percent
2 .7
9.3
6 .4
2 5 .4
7. 7
9.0
1 1 . 8
27.9

2 .0

6 .7
4 .6
18.4
5.6
6. 5
8 . 5
20.3
72.6

1 0 0 .0

35.4

Number

Percent

3. 6
10 .7
3.0
17.6
4. 0
3. 1
4.4
9. 1

6 .5
19.2
5 .4
3 1. 7
7 .3
5.6
7 .9
16 .4

55 .6

42.1

1 0 0 .0

Number

Percent

2 .9
7. 9
4 .7
17.8
2.4

6 .0

16.4
9 .6
36.9
4.9
5 .3
4.0
16.8

2 .6
2 .0
8 .1

48 .3

1 0 0 .0

37.5

37.8

Household appliance stores
Table 48. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
United States

South

Northeast

North Central

West

Weekly hours of work
Number
3.3
15 and under 3 5 ---------35 and under 4 0 ---------4 0 --------------------------------Over 40 and under 44
4 4 --------------------------------Over 44 and under 48
48 and over --------------Total ■
A v er ag e weekly hours




Percent
4. 4
14.6
4.9
31.4
3. 6

1 1 .0

3.7
23. 8
2.7
6 .2

8 .2

4. 6
20.3

26.9

6 .1

75. 7

1 0 0 .0

40 . 1

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

1 .0

5.0

.4
1.5
.5
7 .4
.5
3 .4

1.7

4.4

2 1 . 6

2 .0

9.8
28.6
5.6
4.4
6.3
18.6

5. 3
1 . L
. 9
1.3
3 .8
2 0 .2

1 0 0 .0

37 . 8

6 .6
2 .1

32 .5
2. 4
15.2
9. 4
30 .2

2 .1

6. 9
22.7

1 0 0 .0

43,. 2

Number

Percent
6 .5
16.3
4.4
2 8.9
3.6
5 .5
2 .9
3 1 .9

1. 3
3 .2
. 9
5 .6
.7
1 . 1
.6
6 .2

19.4

1 0 0 .0

39 . 0

Number

Percent
4 .7
14.8
3.1
37.5
2.5
6 . 0
5.1
26.2

. 6

. 0
.4
5.0
.3
2

.8

.7
3.5
13.4

1 0 0 .0

39 . 9

-4

Miscellaneous retail stores
T a b le 49. N u m e r ic a l and p e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n s of n o n s u p e r v is o r y e m p lo y e e s b y w e e k ly h o u r s o f w o r k ,
U n ited S tate s and r e g io n s , June 1966

(Employees in thousands)
Northeast

United States

South

North Central

West

Weekly hours of work
Number
Under 15 -----------------------------------------------------------------------15 and under 3 5 -------------------------------------------------------------35 and under 4 0 -------------------------------------------------------------4 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 4 4 ------------------- —----------------------------4 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 --------------------------------------------------48 and over -------------------------------------------------------------------

<34.3
2 2 2 . 1
77.1
286.8
50. 0
38.7
48.1
171.3

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent

988.4

A ver age weekly hours

9. 5
22.5
7. 8
29.0
5.1
3. 9
4.9
17.3

Number
33.4
69 .5
24.4
75.1
11.3
9.6
9.4
34.3

Number

12.5
26.0
9.1
28.1
4.2
3.6
3 .5
1 2 .8

Percent

16.8
46 .4
19.5
84.3
18.7
15.9
18.0
59.1

1 0 0 .0

267. 1

1 0 0 .0

27 8.7

6 .0

16.6
7.0
30.3
6.7
5. 7
6 .4
2 1 .2
1 0 0 .0

33.3

36.0

------------------------------------------------

Percent

Number

Percent

24.3
63 .6
21. 5
61 .9
13.4
6 .7
16. 8
48. 3

9.5
24 .8
8 .4
24.1
5.2

Percent
10.7
22.9
6.3
35.2
3.5
3 .4

19.8
42,6

2 .6

6 .4
3.9
29.6

6 .6

18.8

256.5

3 3.7

Number

1 0 0 .0

1 1 .8

65 .5
6 .6

2 . 1

15.9

186.1

36.0

1 0 0 .0

35.6

D r u g a n d p r o p r ie t a r y stores
Table 50. Numerical and percent distributions of nonsupervisory employees by weekly hours of work,
United States and regions, June 1966
(Employees in thousands)
United States

South

Northeast

North Central

West

Weekly hours of w ork
Number
TTnrlr^r i o
unaer 15

........

. . .

---- -

.■
.
*
*

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

47. 5

12. 5
29.4
8 . 8
25. 0
5.1
3.0
4, 1
1 2 . 1

14. 1
28. 7
6 .2

17.3
35.3
7.6

18.4

2 2 .6

11.3
28.4
10. 5
29.8

9. 2
2 3. 1
8 . 5
24. 2
6 . 5
4.0
6 . 0
18.6

13.1
36. 9
11.5
2 3 .7
6 . 9

1 1 1 .6

An _ J

1

AA

AA - J
1
AC
Over 44 and under 4o ----------------— 48 and over -------------------------------------------------------------------

A v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s




3 3. 2
95.0
19.3
11.3
15.6
45. 8

3.4

8 .0

2 .1

2 .6

2 .4
6. 7

2.9
3.3

4. 9
7 .4

2 .8

2 2 .8

2 .6

4. 5
9 .9

Percent
1 2 .0

33 .8
1 0 . 6
21.7
6 . 3
2 .4
4 .2
9. 1

Number

Percent

9. 1
17.7
5.1
23. 1

13.8
26. 8
7.7
35.1
2.5

1 .6

1.7
1. 3
6.4

2 .6

1,9
9.6

Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey
Scope o f S u r v e y
The s u r v e y o f e a r n in g s and hours o f w o r k in r e t a i l t ra d e in clu des a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
(e x c e p t e a tin g and d rin k in g p l a c e s ) that have one o r m o r e p a id e m p l o y e e s e n g a g e d in s e l l i n g
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r p e r s o n a l , hou seh old, o r f a r m co n su m ption , as d e fin e d in the 1957 e d itio n
o f the Standard I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l p r e p a r e d b y the B u r e a u o f the Budget. A l s o
in clu d ed a r e a u x i l i a r y units a f f i l i a t e d w ith and s e r v i c i n g r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , such as
w a r e h o u s e s , r e p a i r shops, and c e n t r a l o f f i c e s .
The 50 States and the D i s t r i c t o f C o lu m b ia a re c o v e r e d .
The data r e f l e c t e a r n in g s and
hours o f w o r k o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s f o r a p a y r o l l p e r i o d in clu ding June 13, 1966.
S am ple D e s ig n
The s a m p le w as d e s ig n e d to y i e l d n atio n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h o f the m a j o r
kinds o f b u sin ess grou ps in r e t a i l t ra d e and f o r s o m e s p e c i f i c lin e s o f r e t a i l b u s in e s s .
A
s t r a t i f i e d s a m p le d e s ig n w as used, w ith v a r i a b l e s a m p lin g r a t io s depending on the kind of
b u sin ess and e m p l o y m e n t s i z e . F o r e x a m p l e , the s a m p le s i z e f o r lin e s o f bu sin ess shown
s e p a r a t e l y w as p r o p o r t i o n a t e l y l a r g e r than f o r those not p u b lis h e d and the p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n i n c r e a s e d w ith the e m p l o y m e n t s i z e o f the unit.
The f o l lo w i n g tabu lation shows the n u m b e r o f units in c lu d e d in the sa m p le f o r the
m a j o r r e t a i l grou p s and l in e s o f b u sin ess in the U nited States f o r w h ic h s e p a r a te data a r e
p u blish ed.
Kind of business

N um ber of
units

R e ta il trad e (e x c e p t e atin g and drinking p l a c e s ) ---------------------- -----------------------Bu ilding m a te r ia ls, hardw are, and farm e q u ip m en t d ea le rs -----------------------------G e n e ral m erch an d ise stores * ------------------------------------------------------------------------1
D ep artm en t stores --------------------------------------------------------------------------------L im ite d p rice v a rie ty stores -------------------------------------------------------------------Food stores * ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------G rocery stores ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A u to m o tiv e d e a le rs and g aso lin e serv ice station s 1 -----------------------------------------M otor v e h ic le d ea le rs (new and used cars) ----------------------------------------------G aso lin e se rv ic e s t a t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------A p p a re l and a c ce sso ry stores 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------Men's and boys' clo th in g and furnishings stores -----------------------------------------W om en 's r e a d y -to -w e a r s t o r e s -------------------------------------------------------------------Shoe stores --------------------------------------------------------------Furniture, hom e furnishings, and household a p p lia n c e stores 1 ---------------------------Furniture, h om e furnishings, and e q u ip m en t stores -----------------------------------H ousehold a p p lia n c e stores -------------------------------------------------------------------M isc e lla n e o u s r e t a il stores 1 --------------------------------------------------------------------------Drug and proprietary s t o r e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

21, 283
1, 559
2, 289
809
996
4 ,0 6 3
3,
3, 461
795
2,
4, 150
973
1,
1 ,1 6 6
1 ,9 8 4
1, 195
483
3, 777
2,

529

279

198

116

1 Includ es lin es of business in ad d itio n to those shown se p a rate ly .

E s t a b lis h m e n t s a m p le s w e r e o btain ed f r o m th r e e d i f f e r e n t s o u r c e s :
(1) State u n e m ­
p lo y m e n t in s u ra n c e l i s t i n g s fu r n is h e d e m p l o y e r r e p o r t i n g units that had fou r o r m o r e e m ­
p lo yee s.
(2) Th e l a r g e chain s t o r e e n t e r p r i s e s p r o v i d e d c u r r e n t l is t s o f r e t a i l s t o r e s and
a u x i l i a r y units f r o m w h ic h a s a m p le o f such units w as s e l e c t e d . It w a s n e c e s s a r y to obtain
these li s t s f r o m the l a r g e chain s t o r e e n t e r p r i s e s , b e c a u s e State u n e m p lo y m e n t in su ra n c e
lis t in g s fr e q u e n t l y p r o v i d e data on a s ta te w id e o r county b a s is f o r such c o m p a n ie s r a t h e r
than on an in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t b a s i s .
(3) The B u r ea u o f the Census s a m p le u sed in
conju n ction w ith its M o n t h ly S u r v e y o f R e t a i l Sales c o v e r e d s in g le - u n i t r e t a i l s t o r e s that
have f e w e r than fo u r e m p l o y e e s .
The Census c o v e r a g e o f s m a l l units w as n e c e s s a r y to
su p p le m en t the B u r e a u ’ s u n i v e r s e l i s t f o r r e t a i l t r a d e , sin ce State u n e m p lo y m e n t in s u ra n c e
la w s in m a n y States do not c o v e r e m p l o y e r s w ith f e w e r than fo u r e m p l o y e e s .




79

80

M eth od o f C o l l e c t i o n
T h e m a j o r i t y o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t s inclu ded in the s a m p le w e r e s o l i c i t e d f o r i n f o r ­
m a t io n by m a i l .
Th e l a r g e s t units w e r e v i s i t e d in p e r s o n by f i e l d e c o n o m is t s o f the B u rea u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s , as w e r e the s m a l l e s t units by the B u rea u of the Census e n u m e r a t o r s
acting as agents f o r the B L S .
P e r s o n a l v i s it s w e r e a ls o m a d e to a s a m p le o f the n o n r e ­
spondents to the m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e .
E s t im a t i n g P r o c e d u r e
Data c o l l e c t e d f o r each s a m p lin g unit w e r e w e ig h t e d in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i n g that unit.
F o r e x a m p l e , w h e r e 1 s t o r e out o f 10 was s e l e c t e d f r o m an
i n d u s t r y - s i z e g rou p , data f o r that s t o r e w e r e c o n s i d e r e d as r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f the 10 s t o r e s
in the grou p.
Thus, each s e g m e n t o f the r e t a i l tra d e in d u s try was g iv e n its a p p r o p r i a t e
w e ig h t in the to ta l, r e g a r d l e s s o f the d i s p r o p o r t i o n a t e c o v e r a g e of l a r g e and s m a l l s t o r e s .
N o a s s u m p tio n has bee n m a d e that the w a g e s t r u c t u r e s o f the units not re s p o n d in g
to the m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e w e r e s i m i l a r to those o f the units re sp o n d in g .
T o m i n i m i z e the
bias r e s u ltin g f r o m n o n r e s p o n s e , data obtained by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s f r o m a s a m p le o f n o n r e ­
spondents w e r e w e ig h t e d to r e p r e s e n t a ll o th e r n on respon dents in s i m i l a r i n d u s t r y - s i z e
gr o u p s .
T o c o m p e n s a t e f o r sch ed u les w ith unusable data, t h e ir w e ig h ts w e r e a s s ig n e d to
u sa b le sch ed u les o f the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e group and f r o m the s a m e o r r e l a t e d a r e a .
A l l e s t i m a t e d totals d e r i v e d f r o m the w e ig h t in g p r o c e s s w e r e fu r t h e r adju sted to the
e m p lo y m e n t l e v e l s f o r June 1966, as r e p o r t e d in the Bu rea u o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s m o n th ly
em ploym en t s e r ie s .
S ince the m o n th ly s e r i e s is updated f r o m t im e to t i m e , the data
f o r June 1962 w hich w e r e p u blish ed p r e v i o u s l y w e r e re a d ju s te d to the e m p l o y m e n t l e v e l s
r e p o r t e d in E m p l o y m e n t and E a r n in g s S ta t is t ic s f o r the United S ta tes, 1909—1964 ( D e c e m b e r
1964). C o n s e q u e n t l y , data f o r June 19 62 pu blish ed in June 19 65 a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y id e n t ic a l
to those p u blish ed p r e v i o u s l y .
Th e pu blish ed e s t i m a t e s in this r e p o r t a r e , thus, c o n s is t e n t
w ith the n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t shown in the m o n th ly s e r i e s .
E m p lo y m e n t
e s t im a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l in d u s try grou ps f o r w hich the Bu rea u does not pu blish m o n th ly
f i g u r e s w e r e p r e p a r e d e s p e c i a l l y f o r the p u rp o s e s o f this s u r v e y .
Current re gio n a l e stim ates ,
w h ic h could not be p r e p a r e d f r o m the m o n th ly s e r i e s , w e r e ba sed on r e g i o n a l d is t r ib u tio n s
f r o m the m o s t r e c e n t Census o f B u s i n e s s , p r e p a r e d by the B u rea u o f the Census.
Th e ad ju stm en t o f the s u r v e y to ta ls to the p r e d e s i g n a t e d tota ls f o r June 1966 was
co n fin ed , f o r the m o s t p a r t , to that s e g m e n t o f the s u r v e y f o r w hich the s a m p le units w e r e
obtain ed f r o m State u n e m p lo y m e n t i n s u r a n c e l is t i n g s .
T h e l is t s g e n e r a l l y w e r e p r e p a r e d
p r i o r to the t i m e o f the s u r v e y and co n s e q u e n tly do not account f o r units opened o r c l o s e d
a ft e r the date o f the l i s t s . In the Census and the l a r g e c h a in s t o r e e n t e r p r i s e s a m p l e s , the
b e s t unbiased e s t i m a t e s o f tota ls w e r e p r e s u m e d to be the w e ig h t e d -u p s a m p le to t a ls , s in c e
t h e r e was no ap p a re n t p r o b l e m o f u n r e p r e s e n t e d bu sin ess b ir th s in th e se grou p s .
C r it e r ia fo r Pu b lica tio n of E stim ates
T h e re s u lts o f this s u r v e y d i f f e r f r o m those that would h av e been obtain ed by a c o m ­
p le t e ca n va ss o f a l l r e t a i l o p e r a t i o n s , s in ce the s u r v e y was conducted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s m a y be su bsta n tia l in those in sta n ces w h e r e the s a m p le was s m a l l.
It
has not been p o s s i b l e , t h e r e f o r e , to p r e s e n t data f o r a ll c a s e s .
N o e a rn in gs d is t r ib u tio n s
a r e shown f o r g r o u p in g s o f f e w e r than 50 s t o r e s , e x c e p t f o r d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s w h e r e the
s a m p le in clu ded m o s t o f the l a r g e s t o r e s in the u n i v e r s e .
K in d o f B u s in e s s

Covered

R e t a i l t r a d e , as d e fin e d in the 1957 edition o f the Standard In d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
M a n u a l , p r e p a r e d by the B u rea u o f the Bu dget, in clu des e s t a b lis h m e n t s en ga ge d in s e llin g
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r p e r s o n a l , h ou seh o ld, o r f a r m consum ption .
E a ch e s t a b lis h m e n t studied
w as c l a s s i f i e d by the kind o f r e t a i l bu sin ess a c c o r d i n g to the d e fin it io n s e s t a b lis h e d in that
m anual. W h e r e m o r e than one kind o f bu sin ess was r e p o r t e d , the e s t a b lis h m e n t was c l a s s i ­
f i e d by its m a j o r r e t a i l a c t i v i t y on the b a s is o f s a le s v o lu m e .
A u x i l i a r y units o f r e t a i l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e c l a s s i f i e d on the b a s is o f the m a j o r a c t i v i t y o f the r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
serviced .
A b r i e f d e s c r i p t i o n and the SIC code f o l l o w f o r each kind o f bu sin ess f o r w h ic h
data w e r e tabulated s e p a r a t e l y .



81
B u ildin g m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e , and f a r m
eq u ip m e n t d e a l e r s (S IC 52 ).
T h is m a j o r
grou p in clu des r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y en ga ged in s e l li n g lu m b e r , bu ildin g m a t e r i a l s ,
heating and p lu m b ing equ ipm ent, paint, g la s s , and w a l lp a p e r , e l e c t r i c a l su pplies, h a r d w a r e ,
and f a r m equip m ent.
E s t a b lis h m e n t s in clu ded in this grou p s e l l to c o n t r a c t o r s as w e l l as
to the g e n e r a l public.
G e n e r a l m e r c h a n d i s e s t o r e s (S IC 53).
T h is m a j o r grou p in clu des r e t a i l s t o r e s w hich
s e l l a n u m ber of lin e s of m e r c h a n d i s e , such as d r y goods, a p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r i e s , f u r ­
n itu re and h o m e fu rn is h in g s , s m a l l w a r e s , h a r d w a r e , and food.
In a dditio n to d e p a r tm e n t,
v a r i e t y , and g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d i s e s t o r e s , this grou p in clu d es n o n s t o r e o p e r a t io n s , such as
m a i l - o r d e r h ou ses, ve n d in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , and d i r e c t d o o r - t o - d o o r s e l li n g o r g a n iz a t i o n s .
D e p a r tm e n t s t o r e s (S IC 531).
T h e s e s t o r e s c a r r y a g e n e r a l line of a p p a re l,
h om e fu rn ish in g s, m a j o r hou seh old a p p lia n c e s and h o u s e w a r e s , and o th er lin e s of
m e r c h a n d is e w h ic h a r e n o r m a l l y a r r a n g e d in s e p a r a te s e c tio n s or d e p a r t m e n t s and
in te g r a t e d under a s in g le m a n a g e m e n t.
E m p l o y m e n t in th e s e s t o r e s n o r m a l l y e x c e e d s
25 p e r s o n s .
L i m i t e d p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s (S IC 533). T h e s e s t o r e s handle a v a r i e t y of m e r ­
chandise in the l o w - and p o p u l a r - p r i c e r a n g e s and a r e fr e q u e n t ly known as " 5 and
10 c e n t " s t o r e s and "5 cents to a d o l l a r " s t o r e s , although m e r c h a n d i s e is u su a lly sold
o utside th e se p r i c e r a n g e s .
F o o d s t o r e s (S IC 54).
T h is m a j o r grou p in clu des r e t a i l s t o r e s p r i m a r i l y en ga ge d in
s e llin g fo o d f o r h o m e p r e p a r a t i o n and co n s u m p tion and c o v e r s g r o c e r i e s , m e a t and fis h
m a r k e t s , fr u it s t o r e s and v e g e t a b l e m a r k e t s , c o n f e c t i o n e r i e s , d a i r y p ro d u cts s t o r e s , b a k ­
e r i e s , and e g g and p o u ltr y d e a l e r s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y en ga ge d in p r o c e s s i n g and
d is t r ib u tin g m i l k and c r e a m a r e c l a s s i f i e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g .
G r o c e r y s t o r e s (S IC 541).
T h e s e s t o r e s a r e c o m m o n ly known as s u p e r m a r k e t s ,
fo o d s t o r e s , g r o c e r y s t o r e s , and d e l i c a t e s s e n s t o r e s and a r e p r i m a r i l y e n ga ge d in the
r e t a i l s a le of a l l s o r t s o f p a c k a g e d and f r e s h fo od s.
A u t o m o t i v e d e a l e r s and g a s o l i n e s e r v i c e stations (S IC 55).
T h is m a j o r grou p in clu des
r e t a i l d e a l e r s s e l l i n g new and used a u to m o b ile s , t ru ck s , p a r t s and a c c e s s o r i e s , a i r c r a f t ,
boats, and g a s o li n e s e r v i c e stations.
M o t o r v e h i c l e d e a l e r s (S IC 551).
T h e s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e p r i m a r i l y en ga ge d
in r e t a i l s a le s o f n ew a u to m o b ile s and tru cks, or th e s e in c o m b in a tio n w ith used
v e h i c l e s . A u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r shops o p e r a t e d by m o t o r v e h i c l e d e a l e r s a r e a ls o included.
G a s o l in e s e r v i c e stations (S IC 554). T h e s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e p r i m a r i l y en ga ge d
in s e ll in g g a s o lin e , l u b r ic a t in g o ils , and r e l a t e d m e r c h a n d i s e and a l s o m a y p e r f o r m
m in o r r e p a ir w ork.
A p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s (S IC 56).
T h is m a j o r grou p in clu d es r e t a i l s t o r e s p r i ­
m a r i l y en g a g e d in s e l l i n g clothin g, shoes, hats, u n d e rw e a r, and r e l a t e d a r t i c l e s f o r p e r s o n a l
w e a r and a d o rn m en t.
C u s t o m t a i l o r s c a r r y i n g stocks o f m a t e r i a l s ,
a r e in clu ded in this
group, as a r e f u r r i e r s .
M e n ’ s and b o y s 1 clo th in g and fu rn is h in g s s t o r e s (S IC 561).
These stores a re
p r i m a r i l y en g a g e d in the r e t a i l sa le o f m e n 's and boys* o v e r c o a t s , to p c o a ts , suits,
w o r k c lo t h in g ; and o th er s t o r e s in clu ded s p e c i a l i z e in the s a le o f m e n ’ s and boys® sh irts,
hats, u n d e r w e a r , h o s i e r y , g l o v e s , and oth er fu rn ish in g s.
W o m e n ’ s r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s (S IC 562).
These stores a re p r im a r ily
in the r e t a i l sa le o f w o m e n ’ s coats, suits, and d r e s s e s .
Shoe s t o r e s (S IC 566).
Th ese stores a re p r im a r ily
o f m e n ’ s, w o m e n ’ s, c h i l d r e n ’ s and j u v e n i l e s ’ shoes.



en ga ge d

e n g a g e d in the r e t a i l

sa le

82
F u r n itu re , h o m e fu rn is h in g s , and hou seh old a p p lia n c e s t o r e s (S IC 57).
T h is m a j o r
grou p in clu des r e t a i l s t o r e s s e l l i n g go o d s used f o r fu rn is h in g the h om e, such as fu r n it u r e ,
f l o o r c o v e r i n g s , d r a p e r i e s , g la s s , ch in a w a re , la m p s , m i r r o r s , Venetian blin ds, etc. , as
w e l l as d o m e s t i c s t o v e s , r e f r i g e r a t o r s , r a d io s , t e l e v i s i o n s , m u s i c a l in stru m en ts, and m u ­
s i c a l supplies.
E s t a b lis h m e n t s s e l l i n g e l e c t r i c a l and gas a p p lia n c e s a r e in clu ded in this
grou p only i f the m a j o r p a r t of th e ir s a le s c o n s is t s o f a r t i c l e s f o r h o m e use.
F u r n i t u r e , h o m e fu rn is h in g s , and eq u ip m e n t s t o r e s (S IC 571). T h e s e s t o r e s a r e
p r i m a r i l y en ga ge d in the r e t a i l sa le o f hou seh old f u r n it u r e as w e l l as h o m e fu r n is h in g s ,
m a j o r a p p lia n c e s , and f l o o r c o v e r i n g s .
Secondhand fu r n it u r e d e a l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d
in m i s c e l l a n e o u s r e t a i l tr a d e (S IC 59).
H o u seh o ld a p p lia n c e s t o r e s (S IC 572).
T h e s e s t o r e s a r e p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in
the r e t a i l sa le o f e l e c t r i c and gas r e f r i g e r a t o r s , s t o ves, and o th er h ou seh o ld a p p l i ­
a n c es, such as e l e c t r i c ir o n s , p e r c o l a t o r s , hot p la te s , va cu u m c l e a n e r s , t e l e v i s i o n
sets, and r a d io s .
M i s c e l l a n e o u s r e t a i l s t o r e s (S IC 59). T h is m a j o r grou p c o v e r s r e t a i l s t o r e s not e l s e ­
w h e r e c l a s s i f i e d and in clu d es the fo l l o w i n g kinds o f s t o r e s : Drug, liq u o r , antique and second­
hand, bo ok and s t a t io n e r y , s p o rtin g go o d s and b ic y c l e , f a r m and g a r d e n su pplies, j e w e l r y ;
fu e l and ic e d e a l e r s , and oth er r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s such as f l o r i s t s , c i g a r s t o r e s , n e w s ­
p a p e r stands, c a m e r a and p h o t o g r a p h ic supply s t o r e s , g ifts and s o u v e n ir s shops, o p t ic a l
go o ds s t o r e s , etc.
Dru g and p r o p r i e t a r y s t o r e s (S IC 591). T h e s t o r e s c l a s s i f i e d in this grou p a r e
inclu ded on the b a s i s o f t h e i r usual t r a d e d e s ig n a t io n r a t h e r than on the m o r e s t r i c t
i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f c o m m o d i t i e s handled.
T h e s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e p r i m a r i l y en ga ge d
in the r e t a i l sa le of p r e s c r i p t i o n d ru g s and patent m e d i c i n e s and any c o m b in a tio n of
such m e r c h a n d i s e as c o s m e t i c s , t o i l e t r i e s , t o b a c c o and n o v e lty m e r c h a n d i s e ; and they
m a y o r m a y not o p e r a t e a soda fountain o r lunch counter.
D e fin it io n s o f T e r m s
N o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s in clu de a ll f u l l - t i m e , p a r t - t i m e , s e a s o n a l, and ca su a l e m ­
p l o y e e s b e l o w the s u p e r v i s o r y l e v e l , such as s a l e s p e r s o n s , sh ippin g, r e c e i v i n g , and sto ck
clerk s, la b o re r s , w arehousem en, c a re ta k e rs, o ffice c le rk s , d r iv e r -s a le s m e n , d eliv ery m en ,
in s t a lla t io n and r e p a i r m e n , e l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p o r t e r s , j a n i t o r s , fo od s e r v i c e e m p l o y e e s ,
and w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
E n t e r p r i s e is d e fin e d as a co m p a n y w hich o p e r a t e s , d i r e c t s , o r c o n t r o ls a grou p o f
e s ta b lis h m e n t s en g a g e d in the sa m e g e n e r a l bu sin ess.
In the c a s e o f s in g le unit c o m p a n ie s ,
the s in g le unit w as c o n s i d e r e d the e n t e r p r i s e .
E s t a b l is h m e n t is g e n e r a l l y d e fin e d as a s in g le p h y s i c a l l o c a t io n w h e r e bu sin ess is
conducted.
W h e r e two s e p a r a t e b u sin ess en titie s t r a n s a c t e d b u sin ess at a s in g le p h y s i c a l
lo c a tio n ( f o r e x a m p l e , a le a s e d shoe d e p a r t m e n t in a d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e ) , each was t r e a t e d
as a s e p a r a t e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
On the o th e r hand, a drug s t o r e w hich a ls o o p e r a t e d a fo od
co u nter w as t r e a t e d as a s in g le e s ta b lis h m e n t.
Annual v o lu m e o f s a le s

e x clu d es

e x c i s e ta xes at the r e t a i l l e v e l .

E a r n in g s data r e l a t e to s t r a i g h t - t i m e e a rn in g s and ex clu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r ­
t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . C o m m i s s i o n and bonus ea rn in g s
and s p e c i a l b o n u se s, such as " P . M . ’ s " and " s t i m s n paid q u a r t e r l y o r o f t e n e r , a r e included.
In d iv id u a l a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a rn in g s f o r e m p lo y e e s not pa id by the hour (e. g. , s a l a r y ,
c o m m i s s i o n s ) w e r e obtain ed by d iv id in g in d iv id u a l ea rn in g s r e p o r t e d by the n u m b er o f h ours
w o r k e d d u rin g the c o r r e s p o n d i n g p e r i o d .
In d iv id u a l w e e k l y e a rn in g s when not r e p o r t e d w e r e obtain ed by m u l t ip l y i n g the i n d i ­
v id u a l a v e r a g e h o u r l y ea rn in g s by the n u m b er o f hou rs w o r k e d du rin g a s in g le w e e k in
June 1965.



83

Group a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s pu blish ed in this bu lletin w e r e obtain ed
total in d ivid u a l w e e k l y e a rn in g s by t o ta l in d ivid u a l w e e k l y h ours w o r k e d .

by d iv id in g

Group a v e r a g e w e e k l y ea rn in g s w e r e obtained by d iv id in g the sum o f in d iv id u a l w e e k l y
e a rn in gs by the n u m b er o f e m p l o y e e s r e p r e s e n t e d in the grou p total.
W e e k ly h ours o f w o r k a r e f o r
h o lid a y s , s i c k l e a v e , etc.

a 1-w eek

p e r i o d and in clu d e h ours p a id f o r v a c a t io n s ,

Group a v e r a g e w e e k l y hours w e r e obtain ed by d iv id in g
t o ta l n um ber o f n o n s u p e r v i s o r y e m p l o y e e s .

total

w e e k l y h ours w o r k e d by

R e g io n s used in this study in clu de the fo llo w in g :
N o r t h e a s t — C o n n ec tic u t, M a i n e ,
M a s s a c h u s e t t s , N e w H a m p s h i r e , N e w J e r s e y , N e w Y o r k , P e n n s y l v a n i a , Rhode Is la n d , and
V e r m o n t ; South— A l a b a m a , A r k a n s a s , D e l a w a r e , D i s t r i c t o f C o lu m b ia , F l o r i d a , G e o r g i a ,
K en tu ck y , L o u is ia n a , M a r y l a n d , M i s s i s s i p p i , N o r t h C a r o li n a , O k la h o m a , South C a r o l in a ,
T e n n e s s e e , T e x a s , V i r g i n i a , and W e s t V i r g i n i a ; N o r t h C e n t r a l — I l l i n o i s , Indiana, Io w a ,
K a n s a s , M i c h ig a n , M in n e s o t a , M i s s o u r i , N e b r a s k a , N o r t h D a ko ta , O h io, South D a ko ta , and
W is c o n s in ; and W e s t — A l a s k a , A r i z o n a , C a l i f o r n i a , C o l o r a d o ,
H a w a ii,
Id ah o, M ontana,
N e v a d a , N e w M e x i c o , O r e g o n , Utah, W as h in gto n , and W y o m in g .
M e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as used in this bu lletin r e f e r s to those c i t i e s
d e fin e d by the B u rea u o f the B u dget as "S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t ic a l
p o lit a n a r e a s in clu de those counties containing at l e a s t one c e n t r a l c it y o f
and th o se counties around such c i t i e s w hich a r e m e t r o p o l it a n in c h a r a c t e r
and s o c i a l l y in t e g r a t e d with the county containing the c e n t r a l c ity .
For
d e s c r i p t i o n , s e e Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s , 1964, p r e p a r e d
the Budget.




and county a r e a s
Areas. "
M etro­
50,000 po pu la tio n
and e c o n o m i c a l l y
a m o r e detailed
by the B u r e a u o f

Appendix B.

Questionnaire

BLS 2786

Budget Bureau No. 44—
6615.
Approval expires 12-31-66.

(Rev. ’ 66)

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

W A S H I N G T O N ,

Your report will be
held in confidence

D .

S T A T I S T I C S
C .

2 0 2 1 2

R E T A IL TRADE

Individual Hours and Earnings
1.

BLS USE O N LY

COMPANY ID EN TIFIC ATIO N :
State Area

Ent.
sales

SIC

Wgt.

The data, except for Item 2 which relates to the
entire company, should cover all establishments
(reta il stores, warehouses, central o ffices, e tc .)
in the county or area designated to the left.
(Check appropriate box.)
l
AN N U AL GROSS SALES FOR THE COMPANY
OR ENTERPRISE:

i
Under
$250,000

I H
$250,000 to
$500,000

1 1

1 1

$500,000 to
$1,000,000

1

$1,000,000
or more

Check the block which in dica tes the annual gross volume of sa les (e x c lu s iv e o f e x c is e taxes at the re ta il le v e l) fron. a ll
related a c tiv itie s o f the enterprise.
Include receip ts from stores covered by this report as w ell as a ll other related
a c t iv it ie s .
(Jse the last calendar or fis c a l year.

3. ESTABLISHMENT INFORMATION:
P le a s e enter the information requested in the columns below for each separate establishm ent (re ta il store, warehouse, or
central o ffic e ) covered by this report. Each re ta il store in a separate location is considered a separate establish m ent for
the purpose of this survey. H ow ever, if the records for main store and suburban branch are kept on a combined basis, they
may be considered as one establishm ent.
(a )
(b )

Location: Id en tify each establishm ent by its street address and c ity .
Type o f Retail Activity: Enter for each establishm ent the major reta il a c tiv ity such as department store, drug store,
gas station , etc.

(c ) Employment: Include all full-time, part-time, seasonal, and casual employees who received pay for any part of the
payroll period including June 13, 1966.
Exclude employees, such as those in leased departments and demonstrators,
who received all or a substantial part of their pay from another employer.
Total _ Enter tota l number o f em ployees including o ffic e r s and other princip al e x e c u tiv e s , such as buyers, department
_
heads, and managers w hose work is above the working su pervisory le v e l.

Nonsupervisory _ Enter total number of em ployees below the su pervisory le v e l, such as sa lesp erso n s, shipping and
_
re c e iv in g clerk s, laborers, warehousemen, caretakers, o ffic e clerk s, driver-salesm en , in stalla tio n and repairmen,
elev a to r operators, porters, janitors, watchmen, and other em ployees whose s e rv ic e s are c lo s e ly a sso cia ted with those
lis te d above. Do not include o ffic e rs and other princip al e x e c u tiv e s , such as buyers, department heads, and managers
whose work is above the working su pervisory le v e l.
(d )

\nnual Gross Sales for the Establishment: Check the column which in d ica tes the annual gross volume of s a les (e x c lu ­
s iv e o f e x c is e taxes at the re ta il le v e l).______________________________ __________________________________________________________

(W

(a )
Location
(street address
and city)

Type of
retail
activity

FT
Employment
for payroll period
including
June 13, 1966
Total

4.




(d )
Gross establishment
sales
(check appropriate column)
Were last year’ s sales—
$150,000 $250,000
Less
Non­
to
than
or
supervisory
$150,000 $250,000
more

P A Y R O L L PERIOD:
Employment and eamings data reported should correspond to your payroll period (for example, w eekly, biw eekly, or
monthly) including June 13, 1966. Indicate the dates for the payroll period used. I f the length of the payroll period
varies among employees, enter the dates affecting the greatest number.
From _______________________________ _ 19____ t o ________________________________ _ 19

84

*
—

5. EARNINGS AND HOURS OF WORK OF NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES:
This study is designed to provide information on hourly earnings and weekly hours of work for both male and
female nonsupervisory employees and working supervisors for a payroll period including June 13, 1966.
The number of employees in each establishment for which earnings and hours data are reported should corre­
spond with the number of nonsupervisory employees shown in item 3(c) on page 1. The information requested
should be reported separately for each establishment and the establishment identified. Earnings data for food
counter, cafeteria, or restaurant workers in Department, Drug, or Variety Stores should be entered only on the
blue supplement provided. Data for all other employees should be reported in Item 5 of this form.
Report earnings and hours separately for each employee unless these data are identical for two or more em­
ployees. Do not report aggregate earnings and hours for several employees. For convenience of reporting for
employees paid on other than an hourly basis, columns 3 through 8 are provided. Data w ill not, however, be
published separately by various methods of pay. Instructions and examples for reporting the necessary data in
each column are listed below.

INSTRUCTIONS

(P lease read, carefully to avoid correspondence)
Column (1 )— Indicate whether the employee is male (M) or female (F ).
Complete c o l­
umns 1, 2, and Column (2)__ Use a separate line for each employee and enter " I , ” unless two or more employees of the same
sex work the same number of hours during the selected week, and receive identical hourly or salary rates
3 for all nonsu­
pervisory em­
(see example 1). Data are to be reported individually for each employee whose earnings are based entirely
ployees cov­
or in part on commissions or bonuses (see examples 3, 4, and 5)ered by this
Column (3)— Enter the number of hours worked during the week of June 6 to June 13, 1966. Include hours
report ( see
paid for sick leave, holidays, vacations, etc. These hours should relate to a 1-week period regardless
examples 1—
5).
of the length of the payroll period.
Use column 4 to
report earnings Column (4)— Enter the base (straight-time) hourly rate. Premium pay for overtime work should not be reported.
o f employees
This column may also be used to report earnings of employees paid on o'ther than an hourly basis if average
paid on an
straight-time hourly earnings are available. For employees paid a commission or bonus in addition to an
hourly basis
hourly rate, also complete columns 7 and 8 (see example 4).
(see example 1).
Use columns 5
and 6 to report
earnings o f em­ Column (5 )— Enter for each employee the straight-time earnings for the salary period (weekly, biweekly,
ployees paid on
monthly, or semimonthly) including June 13, 1966.
Include straight-time pay for overtime, but exclude
a weekly, bi­
overtime premium. Do not include " draws” against commission as salary.
weekly, monthly,
or semimonthly Column (6)— Enter the number of hours worked during the salary period (weekly, biweekly, monthly, or semi­
basis (see ex­
monthly). Include hours paid for sick leave, holiday s, vacations, etc. For employees paid a commission or
ample 2).
bonus, also complete columns 7 and 8 (see example 5).

Column (7)__ Enter for each employee the total commission and/or bonus earnings, including "P M ’ s,” "Stims,”
or any special bonuses based on sales paid quarterly or oftener by the store. These earnings are to be
reported for the commission or bonus period including June 13, 1966.
If the commissions earned dur­
U-se columns 7
ing that pay period are not representative of normal commission earnings, a longer period may be used. If
and 8 to report
store employees receive both commission and bonus payments for an identical period of time, report the
earnings o f non­
combined figure (see example 4). If bonus payments cover a period longer than the commission period, add
supervisory em­
ployees based
only the prorated amount of the bonus to the commission earnings that correspond to the commission period
entirely or in
(see example 5).
part on com­
missions and
Column (8)— Enter the number of hours worked during the commission or bonus period. (The hours should
bonuses (see
refer to the total hours worked during the period (weekly, biweekly, monthly, or semimonthly) and not nec­
example 3).
essarily only to those hours during which commissions or bonuses were earned.) For employees paid an
hourly rate or salary in addition to commissions or bonuses, it is also necessary to complete column 4, or
columns 5 and 6 (see examples 4 and 5).
EXAMPLES
(See illustrations on next page)
1.

Two women each worked 36% hours during the selected week, and each was paid a straight-time hourly rate o f $1.05■

2. One man worked 40 hours during the selected week, and received a salary o f $125, exclusive o f premium pay for overtime,
for 88 hours worked during the salary period ( l 2 month).
/
3. One man worked 32% hours during the selected week and was paid on a straight commission basis, receiving $215.70
for 168 hours.
4. One woman worked 40 hours during the selected week and was paid an hourly rate o f $1.25; she also received $35 in com­
missions and $7.50 in “PM ’s* for 173.6 hours worked during the commission period (1 month).
5. One man worked 37% hours during the selected week, and was paid a weekly salary o f $75; he also earned commissions o f
$102 during a 1-month period (162 hours) and $150 in bonuses during a 3-montn period. Only Y o f the bonus, or $50 is
}
reported so that the bonus period corresponds to the commission period.




86

BLS USE ONLY
5. EARNINGS AND HOURS OF WORK OF
NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES — Continued

Sch.

Eat.
•a l e s

C ity
s ize

Em p.

C la a a
emp.

&
___

Complete these columns for
each nonsupervisory em ployee. '

(2)

(M or

N um ber
of

F)

em ployees

June 13,

m

Sex

Use these columns for nonsupervisory employees paid
other than on an hourly basis.

(4)

(3)
H ours w orked
during the
w e e k of

Use this
column for non­
supervisory em­
ployees paid on
an hourly basis.

Straight-tim e
hourly rate

(5)

(6)

in clu din g

(7 )

f8 )

H ours worked
during
s a la ry period

Straight-tim e
sa la ry for
s a la r y period

T o ta l
com m issions
and/or
bonus pay

Hours w orked
during

June 13, 1966

1966

com m ission
period

Illu stra tio n s o f exam ples on page 2.
2

3G.W

7

M

1

A

M

$ 1 .0 6

4 0 .0

1_ F

L
1

40 0

SJM

1

$
1 2 5 .0 0

8 3 .0
a if ^ o

375

i , F

$

______2 Z S _______

4 2 50

125

____ 25H2___

3 7 f?

IW ? 0
1 7 3 .6

________L S L Q D ______ ______1 M L 0

DATA FOR EACH ESTABLISHMENT SHOULD BE REPORTED SEPARATELY AND THE ESTABLISHMENT IDENTIFIED.
1
z
3

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
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☆ U. S.

G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1968 O - 325-296

E m p l o y e e E a r n i n g s and H o u r s in R e t a i l T r a d e , June 1966

S e p a r a t e bul l eti ns h av e been i s s u e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g :

Bu ll et in
number

Price

Bui ldi ng m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e , and
f a r m e q u ip me n t d e a l e r s

1584-1

30 cents

G eneral merchandise stores
Department stores
L im ite d price v a r ie ty stores

1584-2

55 cents

Food stores
G r o c e r y stores

1584-3

60 cents

A u t o m o t i v e d e a l e r s and g a s o l i n e
s e r v i c e stations
M oto r vehicle d ealers
( new and used c a r s )
G a s o l i n e s e r v i c e stations

1584-4

50 cents

A p p a r e l and a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s
M e n ’ s and b o y s ' cl othi ng
and f u r n i s hi n gs s t o r e s
W o m e n ’ s r e a d y - t o - w e a r stores
Shoe s t o r e s

1584-5

5 5 cents

F u r n i t u r e , h o m e f u r n i s h i n g s , and
ho us eho ld ap pl i an ce s t o r e s
F u r n i t u r e , h o me f u r n i s h i n g s ,
and e qui pme nt s t o r e s
H ou s e h o l d a pp li an ce s t o r e s

1584-6

50 cents

M iscellaneous retail stores
D ru g and p r o p r i e t a r y s t o r e s

1584-7

O r d e r f r o m the Superi nt endent o f D o c u m e n t s , W as h in g to n , D. C., 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B u r e a u ’ s e ight r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s as shown on the i ns id e
f r o nt c o v e r .