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107th Congress, 1st Session

Economic Indicators
SEPTEMBER 2001
(Includes data available as of October 10, 2001)

Prepared for the Joint Economic Committee by the
Council of Economic Advisers

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 2001

JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE
(Created pursuant to Sec. 5(a) of Public Law 304, 79th Cong.)
JIM SAXTON, New Jersey, Chairman
JACK REED, Rhode Island, Vice Chairman
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
PAUL RYAN (Wisconsin)
LAMAR SMITH (Texas)
JENNIFER DUNN (Washington)
PHIL ENGLISH (Pennsylvania)
ADAM H. PUTNAM (Florida)
PETE STARK (California)
CAROLYN B. MALONEY (New York)
MELVIN L. WATT (North Carolina)

SENATE
EDWARD M. KENNEDY (Massachusetts)
PAUL S. SARBANES (Maryland)
JEFF BINGAMAN (New Mexico)
JON CORZINE (New Jersey)
ROBERT G. TORRICELLI (New Jersey)
ROBERT F. BENNETT (Utah)
SAM BROWNBACK (Kansas)
JEFF SESSIONS (Alabama)
MIKE CRAPO (Idaho)
LINCOLN D. CHAFEE (Rhode Island)

CHRISTOPHER FRENZE, Executive Director

COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS
R. GLENN HUBBARD, Chairman
MARK B. MCCLELLAN, Member
[PUBLIC LAW 120—81ST CONGRESS; CHAPTER 237—1ST SESSION]
JOINT RESOLUTION [S.J. Res. 55]
To print the monthly publication entitled ‘‘Economic Indicators’’
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the
Joint Economic Committee be authorized to issue a monthly publication entitled ‘‘Economic Indicators,’’ and that
a sufficient quantity be printed to furnish one copy to each Member of Congress; the Secretary and the Sergeant
at Arms of the Senate; the Clerk, Sergeant at Arms, and Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives; two copies
to the libraries of the Senate and House, and the Congressional Library; seven hundred copies to the Joint Economic
Committee; and the required numbers of copies to the Superintendent of Documents for distribution to depository
libraries; and that the Superintendent of Documents be authorized to have copies printed for sale to the public.
Approved June 23, 1949.
Charts prepared by the Art Production Section, Design and Graphics Branch,
Office of the Secretary, Department of Commerce.

Economic Indicators, published monthly, is available at $3.00 a single copy
($3.75 foreign), or by subscription at $33.00 per year ($41.25 for foreign mailing)
from:
SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
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For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402–9328

ii

TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
In the second quarter of 2001, according to revised estimates, current-dollar gross domestic product (GDP) rose
2.4 percent (annual rate), real GDP (GDP in chained 1996 dollars) rose 0.3 percent, and the implicit price deflator
rose 2.1 percent.

[Billions of current dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Period

Personal Gross
Gross
conprivate
domestic sumption domestic
product expendi- investtures
ment

1991 ...................... 5,986.2
1992 ...................... 6,318.9
1993 ...................... 6,642.3
1994 ...................... 7,054.3
1995 ...................... 7,400.5
1996 ...................... 7,813.2
1997 ...................... 8,318.4
1998 ...................... 8,781.5
1999 ...................... 9,268.6
2000 ...................... 9,872.9
1998: I ................ 8,627.8
II ............... 8,697.3
III ............. 8,816.5
IV .............. 8,984.5
1999: I ................ 9,093.1
II ............... 9,161.4
III ............. 9,297.4
IV .............. 9,522.5
2000: I ................ 9,668.7
II ............... 9,857.6
III ............. 9,937.5
IV .............. 10,027.9
2001: I ................ 10,141.7
II r .............. 10,202.6
1 GDP

3,971.2
4,209.7
4,454.7
4,716.4
4,969.0
5,237.5
5,529.3
5,856.0
6,250.2
6,728.4
5,719.9
5,820.0
5,895.1
5,989.1
6,080.7
6,197.1
6,298.4
6,424.7
6,581.9
6,674.9
6,785.5
6,871.4
6,977.6
7,044.6

800.2
866.6
955.1
1,097.1
1,143.8
1,242.7
1,390.5
1,538.7
1,636.7
1,767.5
1,528.7
1,498.4
1,538.6
1,589.3
1,621.3
1,595.7
1,631.7
1,698.1
1,709.0
1,792.4
1,788.4
1,780.3
1,722.8
1,669.9

Exports and imports
of goods and services

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Net
exports

Exports

¥20.7
¥27.9
¥60.5
¥87.1
¥84.3
¥89.0
¥89.3
¥151.7
¥250.9
¥364.0
¥122.6
¥154.9
¥165.3
¥164.1
¥199.7
¥241.1
¥273.9
¥288.7
¥333.9
¥350.8
¥380.6
¥390.6
¥363.8
¥347.4

601.6
636.8
658.0
725.1
818.6
874.2
966.4
964.9
989.8
1,102.9
974,1
959.2
946.7
979.7
960.2
971.3
996.6
1,031.0
1,059.7
1,099.7
1,131.1
1,121.0
1,117.4
1,079.6

Imports

Total
Total

less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services.

622.3
664.6
718.5
812.1
902.8
963.1
1,055.8
1,116.7
1,240.6
1,466.9
1,096.7
1,114.1
1,112.0
1,143.8
1,160.0
1,212.4
1,270.5
1,319.7
1,393.6
1,450.4
1,511.8
1,511.6
1,481.2
1,427.0

1,235.5
1,270.5
1,293.0
1,327.9
1,372.0
1,421.9
1,487.9
1,538.5
1,632.5
1,741.0
1,501.8
1,533.8
1,548.1
1,570.3
1,590.9
1,609.6
1,641.2
1,688.3
1,711.8
1,741.1
1,744.2
1,766.8
1,805.2
1,835.4

527.4
534.5
527.3
521.1
521.5
531.6
538.2
539.2
564.0
590.2
526.1
542.9
539.5
548.4
549.8
553.1
565.6
587.6
578.5
601.0
587.0
594.2
605.3
609.9

National
defense
384.5
378.5
364.9
355.1
350.6
357.0
352.6
349.1
364.5
375.4
338.4
348.8
354.7
354.7
356.1
354.2
366.7
381.1
366.6
380.4
372.1
382.4
392.9
396.1

Nondefense
142.9
156.0
162.4
165.9
170.9
174.6
185.6
190.1
199.5
214.8
187.7
194.2
184.8
193.7
193.6
198.9
199.0
206.5
211.9
220.6
214.9
211.8
212.4
213.8

State
and
local

Final
sales of
domestic
product

Gross
domestic
purchases 1

Addendum:
Gross
national
product

708.1 5,986.4 6,006.9 6,010.9
736.0 6,303.9 6,346.8 6,342.3
765.7 6,621.2 6,702.8 6,666.7
806.8 6,991.8 7,141.4 7,071.1
850.5 7,367.5 7,484.8 7,420.9
890.4 7,783.2 7,902.1 7,831.2
949.7 8,255.5 8,407.7 8,325.4
999.3 8,708.4 8,933.3 8,778.1
1,068.5 9,210.0 9,519.5 9,261.8
1,150.8 9,823.6 10,236.9 9,860.8
975.8 8,521.1 8,750.4 8,634.5
990.9 8,656.4 8,852.2 8,700.3
1,008.6 8,747.0 8,981.8 8,802.1
1,021.9 8,909.1 9,148.6 8,975.4
1,041.1 9,012.9 9,292.9 9,089.5
1,056.5 9,131.3 9,402.5 9,157.0
1,075.6 9,258.4 9,571.4 9,283.8
1,100.7 9,437.6 9,811.2 9,517.0
1,133.2 9,637.8 10,002.6 9,650.7
1,140.1 9,782.2 10,208.4 9,841.0
1,157.2 9,884.9 10,318.1 9,919.4
1,172.6 9,989.2 10,418.5 10,032.1
1,199.8 10,167.2 10,505.6 10,131.3
1,225.5 10,239.1 10,549.9 10,190.9

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

1

REAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Period

1991 ...........
1992 ...........
1993 ...........
1994 ...........
1995 ...........
1996 ...........
1997 ...........
1998 ...........
1999 ...........
2000 ...........
1998: I ......
II ....
III ...
IV ...
1999: I ......
II ....
III ...
IV ...
2000: I ......
II ....
III ...
IV ...
2001: I ......
II r ...

Gross
domestic
product

6,676.4
6,880.0
7,062.6
7,347.7
7,543.8
7,813.2
8,159.5
8,508.9
8,856.5
9,224.0
8,396.3
8,442.9
8,528.5
8,667.9
8,733.5
8,771.2
8,871.5
9,049.9
9,102.5
9,229.4
9,260.1
9,303.9
9,334.5
9,341.7

Personal
consumption
expenditures

4,466.6
4,594.5
4,748.9
4,928.1
5,075.6
5,237.5
5,423.9
5,683.7
5,968.4
6,257.8
5,576.3
5,660.2
5,713.7
5,784.7
5,854.0
5,936.1
6,000.0
6,083.6
6,171.7
6,226.3
6,292.1
6,341.1
6,388.5
6,428.4

Gross private
domestic investment

Exports and imports of
goods and services

Nonresidential
fixed
investment

Residential
fixed
investment

Change
in private
inventories

Net
exports

Exports

610.1
630.6
683.6
744.6
817.5
899.4
1,009.3
1,135.9
1,228.6
1,350.7
1,099.5
1,132.3
1,136.6
1,175.4
1,192.6
1,214.9
1,244.6
1,262.4
1,309.4
1,347.7
1,371.1
1,374.5
1,373.9
1,320.9

221.1
257.2
276.0
302.7
291.7
313.3
319.7
345.1
368.3
371.4
333.0
340.5
349.5
357.4
366.3
368.9
368.2
369.7
377.3
376.5
366.3
365.3
372.9
378.3

¥1.0
17.1
20.0
66.8
30.4
30.0
63.8
76.7
62.1
50.6
113.1
42.0
71.8
80.0
83.4
32.7
39.6
92.7
28.9
78.9
51.7
42.8
¥27.1
¥38.3

¥15.8
¥19.8
¥59.1
¥86.5
¥78.4
¥89.0
¥113.3
¥221.1
¥316.9
¥399.1
¥180.8
¥223.1
¥241.2
¥239.2
¥283.0
¥313.4
¥333.3
¥337.8
¥371.1
¥392.8
¥411.2
¥421.1
¥404.5
¥406.7

613.2
651.0
672.7
732.8
808.2
874.2
981.5
1,002.4
1,034.9
1,133.2
1,003.4
993.1
987.6
1,025.6
1,007.6
1,018.0
1,041.8
1,072.1
1,095.5
1,130.6
1,159.3
1,147.5
1,144.1
1,108.3

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Imports

Total
Total

629.0
670.8
731.8
819.4
886.6
963.1
1,094.8
1,223.5
1,351.7
1,532.3
1,184.2
1,216.2
1,228.9
1,264.8
1,290.6
1,331.4
1,375.1
1,409.8
1,466.6
1,523.4
1,570.6
1,568.5
1,548.6
1,515.0

1 GDP

less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services.
NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (1996) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.

1,403.4
1,410.0
1,398.8
1,400.1
1,406.4
1,421.9
1,455.4
1,483.3
1,531.8
1,572.6
1,456.1
1,482.6
1,489.9
1,504.8
1,512.3
1,516.8
1,533.2
1,564.8
1,560.4
1,577.2
1,570.0
1,582.8
1,603.4
1,623.0

National
defense

604.9
595.1
572.0
551.3
536.5
531.6
529.6
525.4
536.7
545.9
515.0
530.1
524.9
531.7
526.7
527.7
537.0
555.5
536.8
556.9
541.8
547.9
552.2
554.7

438.4
417.1
394.7
375.9
361.9
357.0
347.7
341.6
348.6
349.0
332.0
342.0
346.5
345.8
342.7
339.7
350.0
361.9
342.3
354.8
345.1
353.8
360.3
362.4

Nondefense

166.0
177.9
177.3
175.5
174.6
174.6
181.8
183.8
188.1
196.7
183.0
188.0
178.4
185.8
183.9
188.0
187.0
193.6
194.4
202.0
196.5
194.0
191.8
192.3

State
and
local

798.9
815.3
827.0
848.9
869.9
890.4
925.8
957.7
994.7
1,026.3
940.8
952.4
964.7
972.8
985.2
988.6
995.8
1,009.1
1,023.0
1,020.1
1,027.6
1,034.3
1,050.5
1,067.4

Final
sales of
domestic
product

6,681.5
6,867.7
7,043.8
7,285.8
7,512.2
7,783.2
8,095.2
8,431.8
8,792.0
9,167.0
8,286.6
8,397.2
8,454.9
8,588.5
8,651.2
8,735.1
8,825.6
8,956.3
9,061.6
9,148.5
9,201.3
9,256.7
9,347.8
9,364.8

Gross
domestic
purchases 1

6,688.4
6,896.4
7,120.6
7,434.2
7,621.8
7,902.1
8,271.7
8,721.3
9,154.9
9,594.7
8,571.6
8,657.0
8,759.7
8,896.6
9,002.3
9,066.5
9,184.1
9,366.5
9,448.5
9,594.5
9,641.5
9,694.4
9,710.4
9,720.4

Addendum:
Gross
national
product

6,703.4
6,905.8
7,087.8
7,364.3
7,564.0
7,831.2
8,168.1
8,508.4
8,853.0
9,216.4
8,405.4
8,448.7
8,517.6
8,662.0
8,732.9
8,769.7
8,861.5
9,047.9
9,089.1
9,217.7
9,247.2
9,311.7
9,329.1
9,335.5

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

IMPLICIT PRICE DEFLATORS FOR GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
[Index numbers, 1996=100; quarterly data are seasonally adjusted]

Personal consumption
expenditures
Period

1991 ..................
1992 ..................
1993 ..................
1994 ..................
1995 ..................
1996 ..................
1997 ..................
1998 .................
1999 .................
2000 .................
1998: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
1999: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2000: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2001: I ............
II r ..........

Gross
domestic
product

89.66
91.84
94.05
96.01
98.10
100.00
101.95
103.20
104.65
107.04
102.76
103.01
103.38
103.65
104.12
104.45
104.80
105.22
106.22
106.81
107.31
107.78
108.65
109.21

Total

88.91
91.62
93.81
95.70
97.90
100.00
101.94
103.03
104.72
107.52
102.58
102.82
103.17
103.53
103.87
104.40
104.97
105.61
106.65
107.20
107.84
108.36
109.22
109.59

Durable
goods

Nondurable goods

Services

97.39
98.28
99.06
100.56
101.06
100.00
97.75
95.40
93.04
91.53
96.29
95.77
95.13
94.51
93.73
93.25
92.84
92.42
91.99
91.80
91.29
91.03
90.86
90.05

93.76
95.20
96.14
96.83
97.93
100.00
101.34
101.31
103.67
107.55
101.17
100.99
101.36
101.69
102.16
103.27
104.12
105.09
106.51
107.23
107.96
108.48
109.00
109.73

84.82
88.50
91.56
94.16
97.25
100.00
103.12
105.53
107.80
111.10
104.61
105.25
105.81
106.41
106.94
107.39
108.07
108.77
109.98
110.63
111.51
112.23
113.52
113.99

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

2

Gross private
domestic investment

Exports and imports of
goods and services

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Nonresidential
fixed

Residential fixed

99.80
99.29
99.81
100.54
100.93
100.00
99.02
96.95
95.60
95.73
97.75
97.14
96.66
96.28
96.03
95.74
95.39
95.29
95.53
95.59
95.90
95.90
95.44
95.40

86.64
87.69
91.23
94.48
97.91
100.00
102.68
105.58
109.57
114.46
104.25
105.03
105.99
106.92
108.05
109.12
110.11
110.98
113.22
113.87
114.91
115.90
117.21
117.96

Exports

Imports
Total

98.10
97.82
97.82
98.94
101.28
100.00
98.47
96.26
95.65
97.33
97.08
96.58
95.86
95.52
95.30
95.42
95.66
96.17
96.74
97.27
97.57
97.70
97.67
97.41

98.93
99.09
98.18
99.12
101.83
100.00
96.44
91.27
91.78
95.73
92.61
91.61
90.49
90.43
89.88
91.06
92.39
93.61
95.03
95.21
96.26
96.37
95.65
94.19

87.18
89.82
92.18
94.51
97.21
100.00
101.63
102.63
105.08
108.12
102.14
102.43
102.78
103.15
104.38
104.80
105.32
105.78
107.77
107.91
108.35
108.45
109.62
109.96

National
defense

Nondefense

State
and
local

87.70
90.75
92.45
94.49
96.88
100.00
101.41
102.22
104.58
107.56
101.92
101.98
102.37
102.60
103.93
104.28
104.76
105.32
107.10
107.22
107.81
108.08
109.05
109.31

86.07
87.71
91.58
94.55
97.90
100.00
102.06
103.41
106.05
109.21
102.59
103.29
103.56
104.21
105.26
105.81
106.41
106.67
109.05
109.21
109.37
109.19
110.74
111.20

88.64
90.28
92.59
95.04
97.77
100.00
102.58
104.34
107.42
112.14
103.72
104.05
104.55
105.04
105.68
106.87
108.01
109.08
110.77
111.77
112.62
113.37
114.21
114.81

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT AND RELATED PRICE MEASURES:
INDEXES AND PERCENT CHANGES
[Quarterly data are seasonally adjusted]
Percent change from preceding period 1

Index numbers, 1996=100
Period

1991 .............................................................
1992 .............................................................
1993 .............................................................
1994 .............................................................
1995 .............................................................
1996 .............................................................
1997 ..............................................................
1998 .............................................................
1999 .............................................................
2000 .............................................................
1996: I .........................................................
II .......................................................
III ......................................................
IV ......................................................
1997: I .........................................................
II .......................................................
III ......................................................
IV ......................................................
1998: I .........................................................
II .......................................................
III ......................................................
IV ......................................................
1999: I .........................................................
II .......................................................
III ......................................................
IV ......................................................
2000: I .........................................................
II .......................................................
III .....................................................
IV ......................................................
2001: I ........................................................
II r .....................................................
1 Percent

Real GDP
(chain-type
quantity
index)

GDP
(current
dollars)

76.62
80.88
85.01
90.29
94.72
100.00
106.47
112.39
118.63
126.36
97.65
99.61
100.59
102.15
103.98
105.97
107.39
108.52
110.43
111.32
112.84
114.99
116.38
117.26
119.00
121.88
123.75
126.17
127.19
128.35
129.80
130.58

GDP
implicit
price
deflator

GDP
chain-type
price index

85.45
88.06
90.39
94.04
96.55
100.00
104.43
108.91
113.35
118.06
98.25
99.87
100.37
101.51
102.60
104.08
105.16
105.88
107.46
108.06
109.16
110.94
111.78
112.26
113.55
115.83
116.50
118.13
118.52
119.08
119.47
119.56

89.66
91.85
94.05
96.01
98.10
100.00
101.95
103.20
104.66
107.04
99.40
99.74
100.23
100.63
101.36
101.82
102.12
102.49
102.76
103.02
103.38
103.66
104.10
104.45
104.81
105.28
106.25
106.81
107.31
107.78
108.65
109.22

changes based on unrounded data. Quarterly percent changes are at annual rates.

GDP
(current
dollars)

89.66
91.84
94.05
96.01
98.10
100.00
101.95
103.20
104.65
107.04
99.39
99.74
100.22
100.63
101.34
101.82
102.12
102.49
102.76
103.01
103.38
103.65
104.12
104.45
104.80
105.22
106.22
106.81
107.31
107.78
108.65
109.21

3.2
5.6
5.1
6.2
4.9
5.6
6.5
5.6
5.5
6.5
5.4
8.3
4.0
6.4
7.3
7.9
5.5
4.2
7.2
3.3
5.6
7.8
4.9
3.0
6.1
10.0
6.3
8.0
3.3
3.7
4.6
2.4

Real GDP
(chain-type
quantity
index)

GDP
chain-type
price
index

¥0.5
3.0
2.7
4.0
2.7
3.6
4.4
4.3
4.1
4.1
2.9
6.8
2.0
4.6
4.4
5.9
4.2
2.8
6.1
2.2
4.1
6.7
3.1
1.7
4.7
8.3
2.3
5.7
1.3
1.9
1.3
.3

GDP
implicit
price
deflator

3.6
2.4
2.4
2.1
2.2
1.9
1.9
1.2
1.4
2.3
2.5
1.4
2.0
1.6
2.9
1.9
1.2
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.4
1.1
1.7
1.4
1.4
1.8
3.8
2.1
1.9
1.8
3.3
2.1

3.6
2.4
2.4
2.1
2.2
1.9
1.9
1.2
1.4
2.3
2.5
1.4
1.9
1.7
2.9
1.9
1.2
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.4
1.1
1.8
1.3
1.4
1.6
3.9
2.2
1.9
1.8
3.3
2.1

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

NONFINANCIAL CORPORATE BUSINESS–OUTPUT, PRICE, COSTS, AND PROFITS
[Quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Gross product
of nonfinancial
corporate business
(billions of dollars)
Period
Current
dollars

1991 ........................................................
1992 ........................................................
1993 ........................................................
1994 ........................................................
1995 ........................................................
1996 ........................................................
1997 ........................................................
1998 ........................................................
1999 ........................................................
2000 .........................................................
1998: I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV ................................................
1999: I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV ................................................
2000: I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV .................................................
2001: I ...................................................
II r ................................................
1 The

Chained
(1996)
dollars

3,150.6
3,288.0
3,457.6
3,737.2
3,945.9
4,159.5
4,435.1
4,707.1
5,006.1
5,380.7
4,596.8
4,658.0
4,756.0
4,817.4
4,905.3
4,958.7
5,029.5
5,130.7
5,252.7
5,370.1
5,437.1
5,463.0
5,496.3
5,539.7

3,381.9
3,468.4
3,573.8
3,801.5
3,960.1
4,159.5
4,404.2
4,659.1
4,915.1
5,220.5
4,552.7
4,618.7
4,704.9
4,760.0
4,829.7
4,867.6
4,934.0
5,029.3
5,117.2
5,212.2
5,268.0
5,284.5
5,293.0
5,304.2

Price, costs, and profits per unit of real output (dollars)
Price per
unit of real
gross product of nonfinancial
corporate
business 1

Compensation of employees
(unit labor
cost)

0.932
.948
.967
.983
.996
1.000
1.007
1.010
1.019
1.031
1.010
1.009
1.011
1.012
1.016
1.019
1.019
1.020
1.027
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.038
1.044

0.617
.633
.641
.639
.645
.641
.644
.656
.666
.677
.655
.656
.655
.659
.660
.666
.669
.668
.671
.672
.676
.689
.698
.703

deflator for gross product of nonfinancial corporate business divided by 100.
business tax and nontax liability plus business transfer payments less subsidies.
3 Unit profits from current production.
2 Indirect

Corporate profits with inventory
valuation and capital consumption
adjustments 3

Unit nonlabor cost

Total

0.240
.236
.236
.238
.239
.236
.237
.240
.245
.248
.238
.239
.239
.243
.243
.244
.247
.246
.248
.248
.248
.249
.253
.257

Consumption of
fixed
capital

Indirect
business
tax, etc.2

Net interest

0.105
.107
.108
.109
.110
.111
.112
.112
.114
.116
.112
.112
.112
.112
.113
.114
.115
.114
.115
.115
.117
.118
.120
.124

0.093
.096
.098
.101
.100
.099
.098
.098
.098
.099
.098
.098
.097
.100
.097
.097
.098
.098
.099
.099
.098
.100
.101
.101

0.042
.033
.030
.028
.029
.026
.027
.030
.033
.033
.028
.029
.030
.031
.033
.033
.034
.034
.034
.034
.033
.031
.032
.032

Total

0.075
.080
.091
.106
.112
.122
.126
.114
.108
.105
.116
.113
.116
.111
.114
.109
.103
.105
.108
.111
.108
.095
.088
.085

Profits
tax
liability

0.025
.026
.029
.034
.035
.036
.036
.033
.035
.036
.033
.033
.034
.032
.035
.035
.034
.035
.037
.038
.036
.032
.029
.029

Profits
after
tax 4

0.049
.054
.062
.072
.077
.086
.090
.081
.073
.070
.082
.079
.082
.079
.079
.074
.069
.070
.071
.073
.071
.063
.059
.056

4 With

inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

3

NATIONAL INCOME
[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

National
income

Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
1998:

......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
I .................................
II ................................
III ..............................
IV ...............................
1999: I .................................
II ...............................
III ..............................
IV ..............................
2000: I .................................
II ...............................
III ..............................
IV ..............................
2001: I .................................
II r ..............................
1 Includes

Compensation
of
employees1

4,994.9
5,251.9
5,556.8
5,876.7
6,210.4
6,618.4
7,041.4
7,462.1
7,980.9
6,874.1
6,985.5
7,108.9
7,197.0
7,326.6
7,393.1
7,482.1
7,646.5
7,796.5
7,956.1
8,047.2
8,124.0
8,169.7
8,207.9

Proprietors’ income
with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments

Farm

3,644.8
3,814.4
4,016.2
4,202.5
4,395.6
4,651.3
4,989.6
5,310.7
5,715.2
4,869.4
4,948.9
5,029.8
5,110.5
5,183.0
5,262.8
5,354.9
5,442.2
5,562.8
5,669.9
5,759.3
5,868.9
5,955.7
6,010.8

Rental
income
of
persons
with
capital
consumption
adjustment

Nonfarm

32.7
30.1
31.9
22.2
34.3
29.7
25.6
26.6
30.6
24.1
24.9
25.4
27.9
27.4
27.5
25.2
26.2
26.5
32.5
31.6
31.7
29.8
28.7

401.7
431.7
444.6
475.5
510.5
551.5
598.2
645.4
684.4
582.9
592.6
601.6
615.8
625.7
640.5
652.0
663.5
671.0
685.4
687.6
693.5
705.4
716.6

63.3
90.9
110.3
117.9
129.7
128.3
138.6
147.7
141.6
127.7
136.1
144.2
146.5
148.3
149.1
144.4
149.0
144.9
141.4
138.3
141.7
139.6
139.0

employer contributions for social insurance. (See also p. 5.)

Corporate profits with inventory valuation and
capital consumption adjustments
Profits with inventory valuation
adjustment and without capital
consumption adjustment
Total
Total

453.1
510.5
573.2
668.8
754.0
833.8
777.4
825.2
876.4
787.4
769.6
781.9
770.8
832.5
810.3
800.2
857.6
870.3
892.8
895.0
847.6
789.8
759.8

Profits
before tax

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

451.6
510.4
573.4
668.5
726.3
792.4
721.1
776.3
845.4
731.7
722.8
723.6
706.3
755.4
759.1
765.8
825.0
844.9
862.0
858.3
816.5
755.7
738.3

¥2.8
¥4.0
¥12.4
¥18.3
3.1
8.4
18.3
¥2.9
¥12.4
20.0
10.3
20.2
22.9
28.1
¥.9
¥17.7
¥21.0
¥23.8
¥14.8
¥3.6
¥7.3
¥1.9
¥8.8

448.8
506.4
561.0
650.2
729.4
800.8
739.4
773.4
833.0
751.8
733.1
743.8
729.2
783.5
758.2
748.1
804.0
821.1
847.2
854.6
809.2
753.8
729.5

Capital
consumption
adjustment

Net
interest

4.3
4.1
12.2
18.6
24.6
32.9
38.0
51.7
43.4
35.6
36.6
38.1
41.7
49.0
52.2
52.1
53.6
49.2
45.5
40.4
38.4
36.0
30.3

399.5
374.3
380.5
389.8
386.3
423.9
511.9
506.5
532.7
482.8
513.2
526.0
525.5
509.7
502.9
505.5
507.9
520.9
534.1
535.3
540.6
549.4
553.0

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

REAL PERSONAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars, except as noted; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Durable goods

Period

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
1998:

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
1999: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2000: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2001: I .............
II r ..........
1 Includes

Total
personal
consumption
expenditures

4,594.5
4,748.9
4,928.1
5,075.6
5,237.5
5,423.9
5,683.7
5,968.4
6,257.8
5,576.3
5,660.2
5,713.7
5,784.7
5,854.0
5,936.1
6,000.0
6,083.6
6,171.7
6,226.3
6,292.1
6,341.1
6,388.5
6,428.4

Total
durable
goods

479.0
518.3
557.7
583.5
616.5
657.3
726.7
817.8
895.5
692.5
719.7
727.1
767.3
780.5
809.5
827.2
854.2
892.1
886.5
904.1
899.4
922.4
938.1

Motor
vehicles
and
parts

225.7
242.2
255.1
253.4
256.3
264.8
292.0
327.6
348.3
274.7
292.7
287.2
313.2
312.3
328.5
331.3
338.5
355.2
342.9
351.2
343.9
357.0
361.9

Furniture
and
household
equipment

161.5
177.4
196.3
215.4
236.9
261.9
293.3
334.7
377.0
281.3
286.9
297.9
307.2
317.7
328.5
339.8
352.9
368.1
374.9
381.3
383.8
391.0
400.5

Nondurable goods

Other

94.1
100.7
107.6
115.0
123.3
130.8
141.8
156.3
172.8
137.0
140.2
142.8
147.0
151.1
153.0
157.1
164.2
170.1
171.5
174.3
175.4
177.5
179.5

Total
nondurable
goods

1,389.7
1,430.3
1,485.1
1,529.0
1,574.1
1,619.9
1,686.4
1,766.4
1,849.9
1,656.3
1,680.5
1,693.6
1,715.3
1,738.8
1,757.2
1,768.6
1,801.1
1,823.8
1,844.9
1,864.1
1,866.8
1,878.0
1,879.4

Food

725.6
745.1
764.9
777.0
786.0
794.5
819.4
847.8
881.3
804.0
816.8
824.0
832.8
834.0
843.2
848.0
865.9
871.2
881.5
886.2
886.4
887.3
886.1

other items, not shown separately.
NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (1996) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.

4

Clothing
and shoes

208.8
218.5
231.6
244.3
258.6
271.6
290.4
312.1
335.3
286.1
290.6
289.3
295.8
308.1
311.5
314.0
314.6
328.2
333.3
339.8
339.9
342.7
344.1

Gasoline
and
oil

112.5
115.4
117.4
120.2
124.2
128.1
131.8
136.7
136.6
129.5
131.2
133.0
133.4
134.2
136.8
136.5
139.2
135.2
136.4
137.6
137.2
138.9
137.7

Services

Fuel
oil
and
coal

13.2
14.0
15.0
15.7
15.6
15.0
14.3
14.6
13.8
14.3
14.8
14.3
13.9
15.0
15.0
14.7
13.8
13.6
13.9
14.0
13.8
13.8
12.6

Other

331.2
338.5
356.8
372.0
389.8
410.8
430.8
455.9
484.5
422.6
427.4
433.3
439.7
448.2
451.6
456.1
467.7
476.9
481.1
488.4
491.4
497.3
501.4

Total
services 1

2,729.7
2,802.5
2,886.2
2,963.4
3,047.0
3,147.0
3,273.4
3,393.2
3,527.7
3,228.4
3,262.3
3,295.2
3,307.6
3,340.8
3,377.8
3,413.7
3,440.5
3,472.2
3,509.6
3,540.2
3,588.8
3,605.1
3,629.8

Housing

Medical
care

719.3
728.1
749.1
763.7
772.6
787.2
808.7
831.6
850.1
800.0
805.8
811.7
817.1
823.4
828.8
834.4
839.6
843.7
848.1
851.9
856.6
861.3
864.9

765.4
775.4
783.1
797.7
814.4
835.4
857.7
877.9
903.9
853.6
855.9
859.0
862.4
867.6
874.3
881.3
888.4
892.2
901.7
906.9
915.0
921.6
932.1

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Retail sales
of new passenger cars
and light
trucks (millions of
units)

12.8
13.9
15.0
14.7
15.0
15.1
15.4
16.8
17.2
14.7
16.1
14.7
16.3
16.2
16.7
17.0
17.2
18.1
17.2
17.3
16.3
16.9
16.6

SOURCES OF PERSONAL INCOME
Personal income rose $1.8 billion (annual rate) in August, following an increase of $44.1 billion in July. Wages
and salaries decreased $5.4 billion in August, following an increase of $17.9 billion in July.

[Billions of dollars; monthly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Period

1992 .................................................................
1993 .................................................................
1994 .................................................................
1995 .................................................................
1996 .................................................................
1997 ................................................................
1998 ................................................................
1999 ................................................................
2000 ................................................................
2000: Aug ......................................................
Sept ......................................................
Oct .......................................................
Nov ......................................................
Dec .......................................................
2001: Jan .......................................................
Feb .......................................................
Mar ......................................................
Apr r ......................................................
May r .....................................................
June r ....................................................
July r ....................................................
Aug p ....................................................

Total
personal
income

5,390.4
5,610.0
5,888.0
6,200.9
6,547.4
6,937.0
7,426.0
7,777.3
8,319.2
8,377.4
8,423.0
8,478.7
8,513.5
8,566.7
8,604.0
8,640.2
8,676.2
8,697.0
8,709.3
8,737.6
8,781.7
8,783.5

Wage and
salary
disbursements 1

2,982.6
3,085.2
3,236.7
3,424.7
3,626.5
3,888.9
4,192.8
4,472.2
4,837.2
4,866.4
4,902.6
4,946.1
4,974.0
4,999.4
5,022.7
5,051.8
5,073.8
5,092.8
5,091.7
5,115.0
5,132.9
5,127.5

Proprietors’ income 3
Other labor
income 1 2

449.5
482.8
507.5
497.0
490.0
475.4
490.6
509.7
534.2
537.9
540.5
542.9
544.9
547.0
548.2
549.3
550.3
551.3
552.0
553.3
554.5
555.2

1 The total of wage and salary disbursements and other labor income differs from compensation of employees (see p. 4) in that it excludes employer contributions for social insurance and
the excess of wage accruals over wage disbursements.
2 Consists primarily of employer contributions to private pension and private welfare funds.

Farm

32.7
30.1
31.9
22.2
34.3
29.7
25.6
26.6
30.6
31.6
31.5
31.6
31.7
31.9
30.9
30.2
28.4
29.0
28.8
28.3
29.4
31.5

Nonfarm

401.7
431.7
444.6
475.5
510.5
551.5
598.2
645.4
684.4
692.1
688.8
690.1
693.7
696.6
700.8
703.5
711.8
711.0
717.1
721.8
724.7
729.3

Rental
income
of
persons 4

63.3
90.9
110.3
117.9
129.7
128.3
138.6
147.7
141.6
138.1
138.5
139.4
141.4
144.4
141.5
139.6
137.9
138.1
140.3
138.6
144.8
147.5

Personal
dividend
income

185.3
203.0
234.7
254.0
297.4
334.9
348.3
343.1
379.2
385.9
389.8
393.5
396.7
399.7
402.3
404.8
407.2
409.6
411.9
414.3
416.9
420.1

Personal
interest
income

750.1
725.5
742.4
792.5
810.6
864.0
964.4
950.0
1,000.6
1,009.4
1,011.3
1,011.8
1,013.1
1,014.4
1,012.7
1,010.8
1,009.1
1,005.1
1,000.7
997.2
995.2
994.2

Transfer
payments 5

Less: Personal contributions
for social
insurance

751.7
798.6
833.9
885.9
928.8
962.2
983.7
1,019.6
1,069.1
1,074.8
1,080.6
1,086.2
1,082.1
1,098.6
1,115.8
1,122.4
1,131.0
1,134.1
1,140.3
1,143.6
1,158.4
1,152.6

226.6
237.8
254.1
268.8
280.4
297.9
316.3
337.1
357.7
358.8
360.7
362.9
364.2
365.3
370.7
372.2
373.2
374.0
373.5
374.5
375.2
374.5

3 With

inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
capital consumption adjustment.
mainly of social insurance benefits, direct relief, and veterans payments.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

4 With

5 Consists

5

DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL INCOME
According to revised estimates, per capita disposable personal income in chained (1996) dollars rose at an annual
rate of 1.5 percent in the second quarter of 2001.

Period

Personal
income

Less:
Personal
tax and
nontax
payments

Equals:
Disposable
personal
income

Less:
Personal
outlays 1

Equals:
Personal
saving

Disposable
personal
income in
billions of
chained
(1996)
dollars

Per capita
disposable personal
income
Current
dollars

Billions of dollars
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

5,390.4
5,610.0
5,888.0
6,200.9
6,547.4
6,937.0
7,426.0
7,777.3
8,319.2

635.8
674.6
722.6
778.3
869.7
968.8
1,070.4
1,159.2
1,288.2

4,754.6
4,935.3
5,165.4
5,422.6
5,677.7
5,968.2
6,355.6
6,618.0
7,031.0

Chained
(1996)
dollars

Per capita personal
consumption
expenditures
Current
dollars

Chained
(1996)
dollars

Dollars

4,340.9
4,584.5
4,849.9
5,120.2
5,405.6
5,715.3
6,054.1
6,457.2
6,963.3

413.7
350.8
315.5
302.4
272.1
252.9
301.5
160.9
67.7

5,189.3
5,261.3
5,397.2
5,539.1
5,677.7
5,854.5
6,168.6
6,320.0
6,539.2

18,616
19,121
19,820
20,613
21,385
22,262
23,491
24,242
25,528

Percent
change
in real
per capita
disposable
personal
income

Saving as
percent of
disposable
personal
income

Population,
including
Armed
Forces
overseas
(thousands) 2

Percent

20,318
20,384
20,709
21,055
21,385
21,838
22,800
23,150
23,742

16,482
17,259
18,097
18,888
19,727
20,625
21,644
22,895
24,429

17,989
18,399
18,910
19,294
19,727
20,232
21,007
21,863
22,721

2.0
.3
1.6
1.7
1.6
2.1
4.4
1.5
2.6

8.7
7.1
6.1
5.6
4.8
4.2
4.7
2.4
1.0

255,403
258,107
260,616
263,073
265,504
268,087
270,560
272,996
275,423

22,493
22,775
22,925
23,004
23,039
23,109
23,169
23,283
23,430
23,717
23,814
24,006
24,111
24,200

21,215
21,541
21,763
22,055
22,350
22,732
23,045
23,449
23,977
24,267
24,609
24,861
25,189
25,372

20,682
20,949
21,093
21,303
21,516
21,774
21,953
22,205
22,483
22,636
22,819
22,943
23,062
23,153

7.3
5.1
2.7
1.4
.6
1.2
1.0
2.0
2.5
5.0
1.6
3.3
1.8
1.5

4.9
4.9
4.9
4.3
3.5
2.7
2.1
1.4
.8
1.3
.8
1.0
1.1
1.1

269,623
270,188
270,882
271,548
272,070
272,619
273,315
273,980
274,508
275,059
275,735
276,388
277,011
277,650

Seasonally adjusted annual rates
1998: I .............
II ............
III ..........
IV ...........
1999: I .............
II ............
III ..........
IV ...........
2000: I .............
II ............
III ..........
IV ...........
2001: I .............
II r ..........

7,254.8
7,382.8
7,490.7
7,575.8
7,631.4
7,719.6
7,818.7
7,939.3
8,104.4
8,271.0
8,381.5
8,519.6
8,640.2
8,714.6

1,034.0
1,055.4
1,083.7
1,108.5
1,120.4
1,142.6
1,171.3
1,202.5
1,245.3
1,277.3
1,300.2
1,329.8
1,345.2
1,351.4

6,220.8
6,327.4
6,407.0
6,467.3
6,511.0
6,577.0
6,647.3
6,736.8
6,859.1
6,993.7
7,081.3
7,189.8
7,295.0
7,363.2

5,912.9
6,018.2
6,095.6
6,189.7
6,280.6
6,401.8
6,506.5
6,639.7
6,805.7
6,905.6
7,026.9
7,115.1
7,216.2
7,281.7

307.9
309.1
311.4
277.6
230.4
175.2
140.8
97.2
53.5
88.1
54.5
74.7
78.8
81.5

1 Includes personal consumption expenditures, interest paid by persons, and personal transfer
payments to rest of the world (net).
2 Annual data are averages of quarterly data, which are averages for the period.

6

6,064.5
6,153.6
6,209.9
6,246.6
6,268.2
6,300.0
6,332.4
6,379.2
6,431.6
6,523.7
6,566.5
6,634.9
6,679.0
6,719.2

23,072
23,418
23,652
23,816
23,931
24,125
24,321
24,589
24,987
25,426
25,682
26,013
26,335
26,520

Source: Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic Analysis and Bureau of the Census).

FARM INCOME
In the second quarter of 2001, according to revised estimates, gross farm income rose $3.5 billion (annual rate)
and net farm income fell $2.6 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Income of farm operators from farming
Gross farm income
Period

Cash marketing receipts
Total 1
Total

1992 ........................................................
1993 ........................................................
1994 ........................................................
1995 ........................................................
1996 ........................................................
1997 .........................................................
1998 .........................................................
1999 .........................................................
2000 .........................................................
1999: I ...................................................
II ..................................................
II ..................................................
IV .................................................
2000: I ....................................................
II ..................................................
III .................................................
IV .................................................
2001: Ir ..................................................
IIr .................................................

200.4
204.7
215.9
210.7
235.7
238.5
231.8
235.3
241.5
227.5
229.4
230.4
253.8
231.8
233.8
239.9
260.7
244.2
247.7

171.3
177.9
181.1
188.0
199.1
207.6
195.8
188.1
193.6
186.3
191.1
195.7
179.3
190.0
195.1
205.3
184.0
204.5
210.8

1 Cash marketing receipts and inventory changes plus Government payments, other farm cash
income, and nonmoney income furnished by farms.
2 Physical changes in end-of-year inventory of crop and livestock commodities valued at average prices during the year.

Livestock and
products

85.7
90.4
88.2
87.1
92.8
96.5
94.1
95.5
99.5
95.7
94.6
96.2
95.6
98.4
99.0
100.6
99.9
105.8
109.9

Crops

85.6
87.5
92.9
100.8
106.3
111.2
101.7
92.6
94.1
90.6
96.5
99.6
83.7
91.6
96.1
104.6
84.1
98.7
100.9

Value of
inventory
changes 2

4.2
¥4.2
8.3
¥5.0
8.0
.6
¥.6
¥.2
.5
¥.3
¥.3
¥.2
¥.1
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.2

Production
expenses

152.8
160.4
167.1
173.8
180.8
190.0
189.0
191.0
195.1
197.4
198.6
189.7
178.2
197.7
202.9
197.5
182.3
201.7
207.8

Net farm
income

47.7
44.3
48.8
36.9
54.9
48.5
42.9
44.3
46.4
30.1
30.8
40.8
75.6
34.1
30.8
42.4
78.4
42.5
39.9

NOTE.—Data include net Commodity Credit Corporation loans and operator households.
Quarterly data plotted for 1992 and 1993 in chart do not reflect previous revisions to annual
data in table.
Data for 2001 are forecasts.
Source: Department of Agriculture.

7

CORPORATE PROFITS
In the second quarter of 2001, according to revised estimates, corporate profits before tax fell $17.4 billion (annual
rate) and profits after tax fell $8.6 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Profits (before tax) with inventory valuation adjustment 1

Profits after tax

Domestic industries
Period

Nonfinancial

Total 2
Total

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Profits
before
tax

Financial

Total 3

Manufacturing

Transportation4

Wholesale

Tax
liability

Total

Dividends

Undistributed
profits

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

Retail

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

421.1
448.8
506.4
561.0
650.2
729.4
800.8
739.4
773.4
833.0

346.7
380.1
429.6
483.7
558.2
628.6
690.2
637.2
658.8
696.3

120.2
124.8
127.9
114.7
154.3
165.3
185.7
158.4
191.0
204.4

226.5
255.2
301.7
369.0
403.8
463.3
504.5
478.8
467.8
491.8

93.5
93.9
108.4
139.6
166.1
181.2
195.2
164.3
163.7
155.2

53.2
58.5
69.6
82.9
85.8
91.4
85.0
79.1
59.0
67.4

22.0
25.9
28.2
33.1
29.4
42.6
49.2
55.9
53.8
60.5

27.7
33.7
39.7
46.6
44.1
52.9
63.9
73.8
77.1
81.8

416.1
451.6
510.4
573.4
668.5
726.3
792.4
721.1
776.3
845.4

133.6
143.1
165.4
186.7
211.0
223.6
237.2
238.8
253.0
271.5

282.6
308.4
345.0
386.7
457.5
502.7
555.2
482.3
523.3
573.9

178.4
185.5
203.1
234.9
254.2
297.7
335.2
348.7
343.5
379.6

104.1
122.9
141.9
151.8
203.3
205.0
220.0
133.6
179.8
194.3

4.9
¥2.8
¥4.0
¥12.4
¥18.3
3.1
8.4
18.3
¥2.9
¥12.4

1998: I .........
II ........
III ......
IV .......

751.8
733.1
743.8
729.2

642.2
626.7
651.3
628.5

166.8
156.4
155.0
155.5

475.4
470.3
496.4
473.0

165.9
160.1
168.9
162.2

77.5
80.9
87.0
71.1

54.2
55.5
60.4
53.3

71.3
72.3
74.7
76.7

731.7
722.8
723.6
706.3

239.9
237.8
243.6
234.1

491.8
485.0
480.1
472.2

349.4
350.4
348.3
346.7

142.5
134.5
131.8
125.5

20.0
10.3
20.2
22.9

1999: I .........
II ........
III ......
IV .......
2000: I .........
II ........
III ......
IV .......
2001: I .........
II r ......

783.5
758.2
748.1
804.0
821.1
847.2
854.6
809.2
753.8
729.5

674.7
648.7
637.5
674.4
700.6
718.3
713.6
652.4
613.8
585.4

183.8
179.9
191.3
209.1
210.0
200.3
203.1
204.4
202.2
183.3

490.9
468.8
446.2
465.3
490.6
518.0
510.6
448.0
411.6
402.1

175.9
169.6
158.4
151.1
167.0
175.0
159.4
119.4
90.4
93.4

66.3
53.0
53.1
63.5
63.8
67.9
70.5
67.3
66.4
62.6

55.7
51.7
48.6
59.2
57.6
64.9
63.7
55.9
40.3
34.0

81.0
80.0
72.5
74.9
83.6
83.0
84.5
76.3
84.9
85.6

755.4
759.1
765.8
825.0
844.9
862.0
858.3
816.5
755.7
738.3

246.2
247.9
250.7
267.3
277.0
280.4
274.9
253.5
236.8
228.0

509.2
511.2
515.1
557.7
567.8
581.6
583.4
563.0
518.9
510.3

342.4
339.7
342.2
349.6
361.5
373.7
386.2
397.0
405.2
412.3

166.8
171.4
172.9
208.1
206.3
207.9
197.2
165.9
113.7
98.0

28.1
¥.9
¥17.7
¥21.0
¥23.8
¥14.8
¥3.6
¥7.3
¥1.9
¥8.8

1 See

p. 4 for profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
rest of the world, not shown separately.
industries not shown separately.

2 Includes
3 Includes

8

4 Transportation

and public utilities.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

REAL GROSS PRIVATE DOMESTIC INVESTMENT
In the second quarter of 2001, according to revised estimates, nonresidential fixed investment in chained (1996)
dollars fell $53.0 billion (annual rate) and residential investment rose $5.4 billion. There was a decrease of $38.3
billion in inventories following a decrease of $27.1 billion in the first quarter.

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Fixed investment
Period

Gross
private
domestic
investment

Change in private
inventories

Nonresidential
Total
Total

Equipment
and software

Residential

Structures

Total

Nonfarm

.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................

829.5
899.8
977.9
1,107.0
1,140.6
1,242.7
1,393.3
1,558.0
1,660.1
1,772.9

832.5
886.5
958.4
1,045.9
1,109.2
1,212.7
1,328.6
1,480.0
1,595.4
1,716.2

610.1
630.6
683.6
744.6
817.5
899.4
1,009.3
1,135.9
1,228.6
1,350.7

210.1
197.3
198.9
200.5
210.1
225.0
245.4
262.2
256.9
272.8

407.2
437.5
487.1
544.9
607.6
674.4
764.2
875.4
978.3
1,087.4

221.1
257.2
276.0
302.7
291.7
313.3
319.7
345.1
368.3
371.4

¥1.0
17.1
20.0
66.8
30.4
30.0
63.8
76.7
62.1
50.6

1.4
10.7
28.6
53.6
42.6
22.1
60.6
75.0
63.5
52.3

1998: I ............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III .........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................

1,543.3
1,516.8
1,559.7
1,612.1

1,431.4
1,471.4
1,485.4
1,531.7

1,099.5
1,132.3
1,136.6
1,175.4

255.7
264.8
263.0
265.1

845.0
868.6
875.1
912.9

333.0
340.5
349.5
357.4

113.1
42.0
71.8
80.0

106.7
47.4
70.8
75.1

1999: I ............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III .........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................

1,641.8
1,617.4
1,655.8
1,725.4

1,558.2
1,582.8
1,610.8
1,629.7

1,192.6
1,214.9
1,244.6
1,262.4

260.7
257.9
253.2
255.7

936.0
962.6
999.5
1,015.2

366.3
368.9
368.2
369.7

83.4
32.7
39.6
92.7

78.7
34.2
52.2
88.7

2000: I ............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III .........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................
2001: I ............................................................................
II r .........................................................................

1,722.9
1,801.6
1,788.8
1,778.3
1,721.0
1,666.2

1,683.4
1,719.2
1,730.1
1,732.1
1,740.3
1,696.4

1,309.4
1,347.7
1,371.1
1,374.5
1,373.9
1,320.9

261.1
268.5
278.2
283.3
291.7
282.3

1,058.3
1,089.6
1,102.3
1,099.3
1,087.7
1,043.2

377.3
376.5
366.3
365.3
372.9
378.3

28.9
78.9
51.7
42.8
¥27.1
¥38.3

37.8
75.1
56.6
39.7
¥27.3
¥35.8

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

NOTE.—See p. 10 for further detail on fixed investment by type.
Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (1996) dollar estimates
for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any inter-

mediate aggregates.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

9

REAL PRIVATE FIXED INVESTMENT BY TYPE
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Nonresidential
Structures

Total
nonresidential

Period

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
1998:

...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
I ..........................
II .........................
III .......................
IV ........................
1999: I ..........................
II .........................
III .......................
IV ........................
2000: I ..........................
II .........................
III .......................
IV ........................
2001: I ..........................
II r ........................

Total 1

610.1
630.6
683.6
744.6
817.5
899.4
1,009.3
1,135.9
1,228.6
1,350.7
1,099.5
1,132.3
1,136.6
1,175.4
1,192.6
1,214.9
1,244.6
1,262.4
1,309.4
1,347.7
1,371.1
1,374.5
1,373.9
1,320.9

210.1
197.3
198.9
200.5
210.1
225.0
245.4
262.2
256.9
272.8
255.7
264.8
263.0
265.1
260.7
257.9
253.2
255.7
261.1
268.5
278.2
283.3
291.7
282.3

Residential
Structures

Equipment and software
Information processing equipment
and software

Nonresidential
buildings,
including
farm

Utilities

142.7
129.2
131.7
137.2
147.6
161.7
177.0
188.3
185.5
194.9
184.1
189.6
187.5
191.9
192.0
186.4
182.0
181.6
188.9
194.0
197.5
199.1
202.0
191.6

38.9
41.8
38.4
36.1
36.8
36.0
35.3
42.7
45.7
48.5
40.6
43.0
43.7
43.7
42.9
44.4
46.7
48.7
45.2
46.4
49.0
53.5
56.1
55.0

Mining
exploration,
shafts,
and
wells

Total 2

20.8
17.2
20.5
19.8
18.2
21.1
26.2
25.1
20.0
23.5
24.9
26.0
25.9
23.7
20.2
20.6
19.2
20.1
21.3
22.5
25.3
24.8
28.3
30.4

407.2
437.5
487.1
544.9
607.6
674.4
764.2
875.4
978.3
1,087.4
845.0
868.6
875.1
912.9
936.0
962.6
999.5
1,015.2
1,058.3
1,089.6
1,102.3
1,099.3
1,087.7
1,043.2

Total

1 Includes

other structures, not shown separately.
other items, not shown separately.
equipment, not shown separately.
4 Includes multifamily and other structures, not shown separately.

Computers
and
peripheral
equipment

142.7
163.0
183.4
206.6
242.8
287.3
349.8
429.3
506.2
609.5
404.5
422.5
433.7
456.4
470.8
498.0
520.0
535.8
573.6
601.5
621.0
641.8
620.9
588.1

15.4
20.8
26.4
32.6
49.2
70.9
102.9
147.7
208.6
290.3
132.7
142.4
147.7
167.7
182.4
201.9
218.5
231.8
253.9
284.5
305.2
317.6
314.4
287.3

Software

Other

Industrial
equipment

51.4
58.7
66.8
74.3
82.0
95.1
119.0
147.1
167.3
187.6
138.8
144.6
150.0
155.0
158.9
164.8
170.5
175.0
181.0
183.5
189.7
196.0
192.9
191.1

86.4
91.5
96.4
104.9
113.1
121.3
129.8
143.5
157.2
186.5
138.9
143.0
144.4
147.9
148.6
156.0
160.8
163.4
178.9
186.5
187.7
193.2
180.8
165.9

99.0
100.8
109.6
119.6
131.3
136.4
140.0
145.6
146.4
162.6
148.7
145.6
143.3
144.8
143.7
145.2
147.4
149.4
159.0
160.5
165.1
165.6
170.7
161.2

Transportation
equipment

Total
residential 3

87.7
92.3
103.4
120.4
128.2
138.9
150.5
168.2
197.6
192.7
161.2
166.4
164.2
181.0
189.5
192.5
205.6
202.8
200.6
200.8
193.2
176.2
177.4
174.4

221.1
257.2
276.0
302.7
291.7
313.3
319.7
345.1
368.3
371.4
333.0
340.5
349.5
357.4
366.3
368.9
368.2
369.7
377.3
376.5
366.3
365.3
372.9
378.3

Total 4

Single
family

215.1
251.0
269.4
295.8
284.4
305.6
311.8
336.8
359.3
361.8
325.0
332.2
341.2
349.0
357.6
360.0
359.1
360.5
367.8
367.0
356.8
355.8
363.3
368.6

112.3
135.7
148.0
163.2
147.7
159.1
158.6
175.9
188.9
190.9
165.6
172.5
180.2
185.5
188.3
187.9
187.5
192.1
197.4
195.0
186.2
185.0
191.1
192.8

NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (1996) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

2 Includes
3 Includes

BUSINESS INVESTMENT
[Billions of dollars]
Capital expenditures
By industry

Period

Total
capital
expenditures

Total
by
industry

Forestry,
fishing
and
agricultural
services

807.1
871.8
970.9
1,038.2

..........
..........
896.5
965.8

...........
...........
0.9
1.7

Mining

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

........
........
40.4
30.5

.........
.........
36.0
44.6

..........
..........
26.9
23.1

...........
...........
203.6
196.0

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Transportation
and
warehousing

Information

Finance
and
insurance

Real
estate
and
rental
and
leasing

..........
..........
96.5
120.2

..........
..........
118.2
127.2

........
........
85.2
97.6

Professional,
scientific,
and
technical
services

Health
care
and
social
assistance

Other

..........
..........
22.3
29.3

...........
...........
47.1
51.3

..........
..........
81.7
92.0

1

For
companies
without
employees

For companies with employees
1996
1997
1998
1999

........
.......
........
........

............
............
29.2
33.4

1 Includes the following industries: Management of companies and enterprises; administrative
and support and waste management; educational services; arts, entertainment, and recreation;
accommodation and food services; and other services (except public administration). Also includes an item for structure and equipment expenditures serving multiple industry categories.

10

..........
..........
57.3
63.7

............
............
51.3
55.1

..........
..........
74.4
72.3

NOTE.—Data from Annual Capital Expenditures. Industry data for 1998 and 1999 are based
on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS): 1997.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES
STATUS OF THE LABOR FORCE
In September, employment rose by 788,000, and unemployment rose by 52,000.

[Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted except as noted by NSA]
Civilian employment

Period

1991 ..................................
1992 ..................................
1993 ..................................
1994 3 ................................
1995 ..................................
1996 ..................................
1997 4 ................................
1998 4 ................................
1999 4 ................................
2000 4 ................................
2000: Sept .......................
Oct ........................
Nov ........................
Dec ........................
2001: Jan 4 ......................
Feb .........................
Mar ........................
Apr .........................
May ........................
June .......................
July ........................
Aug ........................
Sept ........................

Civilian
noninstitutional
population
NSA

190,925
192,805
194,838
196,814
198,584
200,591
203,133
205,220
207,753
209,699
210,161
210,378
210,577
210,743
210,889
211,026
211,171
211,348
211,525
211,725
211,921
212,135
212,357

Civilian
labor
force

126,346
128,105
129,200
131,056
132,304
133,943
136,297
137,673
139,368
140,863
140,847
141,000
141,136
141,489
141,955
141,751
141,868
141,757
141,272
141,354
141,774
141,350
142,190

Nonagricultural
Total

117,718
118,492
120,259
123,060
124,900
126,708
129,558
131,463
133,488
135,208
135,310
135,464
135,478
135,836
135,999
135,815
135,780
135,354
135,103
134,932
135,379
134,393
135,181

Agricultural

3,269
3,247
3,115
3,409
3,440
3,443
3,399
3,378
3,281
3,305
3,356
3,241
3,176
3,274
3,179
3,135
3,161
3,192
3,193
2,995
3,045
3,117
3,220

Part time
for
economic
reasons 1

Total

114,449
115,245
117,144
119,651
121,460
123,264
126,159
128,025
130,207
131,903
131,954
132,223
132,302
132,562
132,819
132,680
132,618
132,162
131,910
131,937
132,334
131,276
131,961

1 Persons at work. Economic reasons include slack work, material shortages, inability to find
fulltime work, etc.
2 Civilian labor force (or employment) as percent of civilian noninstitutional population; and
unemployment as percent of civilian labor force.
3 Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods because of a major redesign of the household survey questionnaire.

Percent 2

Unemployment

5,874
6,240
6,230
4,414
4,279
4,123
3,879
3,501
3,189
3,045
3,030
3,044
3,285
3,088
3,227
3,143
3,007
3,061
3,197
3,532
3,336
3,196
4,045

Total

8,628
9,613
8,940
7,996
7,404
7,236
6,739
6,210
5,880
5,655
5,537
5,536
5,658
5,653
5,956
5,936
6,088
6,402
6,169
6,422
6,395
6,957
7,009

15
weeks
and
over
2,357
3,408
3,094
2,860
2,363
2,316
2,062
1,637
1,480
1,309
1,247
1,311
1,317
1,326
1,371
1,490
1,517
1,499
1,484
1,540
1,587
1,817
1,884

Not in
labor
force

64,578
64,700
65,638
65,758
66,280
66,647
66,837
67,547
68,385
68,836
69,314
69,378
69,441
69,254
68,934
69,275
69,304
69,592
70,254
70,370
70,147
70,785
70,167

Labor
force
participation
rate

Employment/
population
ratio

Unemployment
rate

66.2
66.4
66.3
66.6
66.6
66.8
67.1
67.1
67.1
67.2
67.0
67.0
67.0
67.1
67.3
67.2
67.2
67.1
66.8
66.8
66.9
66.6
67.0

61.7
61.5
61.7
62.5
62.9
63.2
63.8
64.1
64.3
64.5
64.4
64.4
64.3
64.5
64.5
64.4
64.3
64.0
63.9
63.7
63.9
63.4
63.7

6.8
7.5
6.9
6.1
5.6
5.4
4.9
4.5
4.2
4.0
3.9
3.9
4.0
4.0
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.5
4.4
4.5
4.5
4.9
4.9

4 Not

strictly comparable with earlier data.
NOTE.—Data beginning January 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001 reflect revised population controls. For details, see February issues, Employment and Earnings.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

11

SELECTED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
In September, the unemployment rate was unchanged from August at 4.9 percent.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force in group)
By sex and age
Period

1991 .........................
1992 .........................
1993 .........................
1994 2 .......................
1995 .........................
1996 .........................
1997 .........................
1998 .........................
1999 .........................
2000 .........................
2000: Sept ..............
Oct ...............
Nov ..............
Dec ...............
2001: Jan ...............
Feb ...............
Mar ...............
Apr ...............
May ...............
June ..............
July ...............
Aug ...............
Sept ..............
1 Revised
2 Data

12

All
civilian
workers

6.8
7.5
6.9
6.1
5.6
5.4
4.9
4.5
4.2
4.0
3.9
3.9
4.0
4.0
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.5
4.4
4.5
4.5
4.9
4.9

Men
20 years
and over

Women
20 years
and over

6.4
7.1
6.4
5.4
4.8
4.6
4.2
3.7
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.4
3.4
3.6
3.5
3.8
4.0
3.9
4.0
3.9
4.4
4.3

5.7
6.3
5.9
5.4
4.9
4.8
4.4
4.1
3.8
3.6
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.6
3.7
3.6
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.9
4.2
4.4

By race
Both
sexes
16–19
years

White

18.7
20.1
19.0
17.6
17.3
16.7
16.0
14.6
13.9
13.1
12.9
12.6
13.0
13.1
13.8
13.6
13.8
14.2
13.6
14.3
14.8
16.1
14.7

definition; for details, see Employment and Earnings, February 1994.
beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods.

6.1
6.6
6.1
5.3
4.9
4.7
4.2
3.9
3.7
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.7
4.0
3.8
4.0
4.0
4.3
4.3

Black
and
other

11.1
12.7
11.7
10.5
9.6
9.3
8.8
7.8
7.0
6.7
6.2
6.5
6.4
6.4
7.1
6.6
7.3
7.1
7.1
7.4
7.0
8.1
8.0

By selected groups

Black

12.5
14.2
13.0
11.5
10.4
10.5
10.0
8.9
8.0
7.6
7.2
7.4
7.5
7.6
8.4
7.5
8.6
8.2
8.0
8.4
7.9
9.1
8.7

Experienced
wage
and
salary
workers

6.6
7.2
6.6
5.9
5.4
5.2
4.7
4.3
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
4.0
4.1
4.3
4.4
4.2
4.5
4.4
4.8
4.8

Married
men,
spouse
present

4.4
5.1
4.4
3.7
3.3
3.0
2.7
2.4
2.2
2.0
2.1
2.1
2.2
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.5
2.5
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7

Women
who
maintain
families

Full-time
workers 1

Part-time
workers 1

9.3
10.0
9.7
8.9
8.0
8.2
8.1
7.2
6.4
5.9
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.1
6.4
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.2
6.3
6.2
6.7
7.0

6.8
7.5
6.9
6.1
5.5
5.3
4.8
4.3
4.1
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.9
3.9
4.1
4.0
4.2
4.3
4.3
4.4
4.4
4.8
5.0

7.0
7.5
7.2
6.0
6.0
5.8
5.5
5.3
5.0
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.6
4.9
4.8
4.8
5.5
4.6
5.3
5.1
5.6
4.5

NOTE.—Data relate to persons age 16 years and over.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED MEASURES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
PROGRAMS
In September, the percentages of the unemployed who had been out of work for less than 5 weeks and for
27 weeks and over fell; the percentages for 5–14 weeks and for 15–26 weeks rose. The mean duration of unemployment fell to 13.1 weeks and the median duration rose to 7.4 weeks.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
Duration of unemployment

Period

Unemployment
(thousands)

Percent distribution
Less
than
5
weeks

5–14
weeks

15–26
weeks

Reason for unemployment:
percent distribution

State
programs

Number of weeks
27
weeks
and
over

Average
(mean)

Median

Job
losers 1

Job
leavers

Reentrants

New
entrants

Insured
unemployment

Initial
claims

Insured
unemployment,
all
regular
programs
(unadjusted) 2

Weekly average, thousands
1991 ........................................
1992 ........................................
1993 ........................................
1994 3 ......................................
1995 ........................................
1996 ........................................
1997 ........................................
1998 ........................................
1999 ........................................
2000 ........................................
2000: Sept .............................
Oct ..............................
Nov ..............................
Dec ..............................
2001: Jan ..............................
Feb ..............................
Mar ..............................
Apr ...............................
May ..............................
June .............................
July ..............................
Aug ..............................
Sept .............................

8,628
9,613
8,940
7,996
7,404
7,236
6,739
6,210
5,880
5,655
5,537
5,536
5,658
5,653
5,956
5,936
6,088
6,402
6,169
6,422
6,395
6,957
7,009

40.3
35.1
36.5
34.1
36.5
36.4
37.7
42.2
43.7
45.0
45.5
45.0
44.8
43.4
43.8
47.0
43.2
46.0
43.3
43.7
41.1
43.4
39.4

32.4
29.4
28.9
30.1
31.6
31.6
31.7
31.4
31.2
31.9
31.8
31.5
31.8
33.0
33.2
28.0
32.2
30.7
32.8
32.4
33.9
30.3
33.7

14.4
15.1
14.5
15.5
14.6
14.6
14.8
12.3
12.8
11.8
11.2
12.6
12.6
12.0
12.3
13.3
13.2
11.8
13.8
12.5
14.7
14.2
15.5

12.9
20.3
20.1
20.3
17.3
17.4
15.8
14.1
12.3
11.4
11.4
10.9
10.7
11.6
10.7
11.7
11.4
11.5
10.2
11.4
10.3
12.1
11.3

1 Beginning January 1994, job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs.
2 Includes State (50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands), ex-servicemen (UCX), and Federal (UCFE). Railroad (RR) programs included through 1993. Also includes Federal and State extended benefit programs. Does not include Federal supplemental
compensation or Emergency Unemployment Compensation programs.

13.7
17.7
18.0
18.8
16.6
16.7
15.8
14.5
13.4
12.6
12.1
12.4
12.4
12.6
12.6
12.9
13.0
12.6
12.2
13.0
12.5
13.3
13.1

6.8
8.7
8.3
9.2
8.3
8.3
8.0
6.7
6.4
5.9
5.3
6.1
6.1
6.1
5.9
6.0
6.5
5.8
6.5
6.2
6.7
6.5
7.4

54.4
56.1
54.2
47.7
46.9
46.6
45.1
45.5
44.6
44.1
45.6
44.3
44.4
44.7
45.8
47.8
48.8
49.9
50.4
50.8
51.0
49.0
51.5

11.6
10.4
10.9
9.9
11.1
10.7
11.8
11.8
13.3
13.7
13.8
14.7
13.6
13.3
14.0
13.7
13.4
11.7
13.1
12.5
12.1
12.8
11.5

24.8
23.8
24.6
34.8
34.1
34.7
34.7
34.3
34.1
34.6
32.8
33.8
34.4
33.8
32.7
32.3
31.4
31.3
28.8
29.4
30.0
31.1
30.2

9.2
9.7
10.3
7.6
7.8
8.0
8.4
8.4
8.0
7.6
7.8
7.2
7.6
8.3
7.4
6.2
6.4
7.2
7.7
7.4
6.8
7.1
6.8

3,342
3,245
2,751
2,670
2,572
2,595
2,323
2,222
2,188
2,110
2,165
2,188
2,277
2,365
2,350
2,414
2,505
2,636
2,825
2,995
3,058
3,188
..............

447
408
341
340
357
356
323
321
298
301
307
313
344
355
330
355
378
405
409
410
395
r 398
p 454

3,406
3,348
2,845
2,739
2,633
2,650
2,366
2,257
2,219
2,142
1,767
1,898
1,943
2,385
3,108
3,050
2,829
2,966
2,534
2,644
r 3,171
2,725
.................

3 Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods.
NOTE.—Data relate to persons age 16 years and over (except for insured unemployment and
initial claims).

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics and Employment and Training Administration).

13

NONAGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
Total nonagricultural employment as measured by the payroll survey fell by 199,000 in September.

[Thousands of wage and salary workers; 1 monthly data seasonally adjusted]

Goods-producing industries
Period

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2000:

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
Sept ........
Oct .........
Nov .........
Dec .........
2001: Jan .........
Feb .........
Mar ........
Apr ........
May .......
June ......
July r ......
Aug r .......
Sept p ......

Total
nonagricultural
employment

108,249
108,601
110,713
114,163
117,191
119,608
122,690
125,865
128,916
131,759
132,046
132,145
132,279
132,367
132,428
132,595
132,654
132,489
132,530
132,431
132,449
132,365
132,166

Service-producing industries

Manufacturing
Total 2

23,745
23,231
23,352
23,908
24,265
24,493
24,962
25,414
25,507
25,709
25,696
25,713
25,711
25,688
25,633
25,627
25,602
25,421
25,324
25,186
25,122
24,974
24,877

Construction

4,650
4,492
4,668
4,986
5,160
5,418
5,691
6,020
6,415
6,698
6,728
6,758
6,781
6,791
6,826
6,880
6,929
6,852
6,881
6,864
6,867
6,863
6,859

Total

18,406
18,104
18,075
18,321
18,524
18,495
18,675
18,805
18,552
18,469
18,421
18,404
18,382
18,349
18,257
18,192
18,116
18,009
17,879
17,757
17,688
17,542
17,449

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

10,569
10,277
10,221
10,448
10,683
10,789
11,010
11,205
11,111
11,138
11,129
11,126
11,120
11,102
11,031
10,997
10,941
10,870
10,778
10,692
10,624
10,525
10,460

7,837
7,827
7,854
7,873
7,841
7,706
7,665
7,600
7,441
7,331
7,292
7,278
7,262
7,247
7,226
7,195
7,175
7,139
7,101
7,065
7,064
7,017
6,989

1 Includes all full- and part-time wage and salary workers in nonagricultural establishments
who received pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Excludes
proprietors, self-employed persons, domestic servants, and personnel of the Armed Forces. Total
in this table not comparable with estimates of nonagricultural employment of the civilian labor
force, shown on p. 11, which include proprietors, self-employed persons, and domestic servants;
which count persons as employed when they are not at work because of industrial disputes,
bad weather, etc., even if they are not paid for the time off; and which are based on a sample

14

Total

84,504
85,370
87,361
90,256
92,925
95,115
97,727
100,451
103,409
106,050
106,350
106,432
106,568
106,679
106,795
106,968
107,052
107,068
107,206
107,245
107,327
107,391
107,289

Transportation and
public
utilities

5,755
5,718
5,811
5,984
6,132
6,253
6,408
6,611
6,834
7,019
7,062
7,076
7,093
7,108
7,106
7,123
7,127
7,119
7,130
7,118
7,108
7,076
7,069

Wholesale
trade

6,081
5,997
5,981
6,162
6,378
6,482
6,648
6,800
6,911
7,024
7,042
7,059
7,070
7,068
7,067
7,064
7,066
7,053
7,038
7,022
7,017
7,011
6,990

Retail
trade

19,284
19,356
19,773
20,507
21,187
21,597
21,966
22,295
22,848
23,307
23,371
23,380
23,395
23,406
23,415
23,472
23,457
23,530
23,546
23,561
23,606
23,574
23,530

Finance,
insurance,
Services
and real
estate

6,646
6,602
6,757
6,896
6,806
6,911
7,109
7,389
7,555
7,560
7,556
7,569
7,575
7,582
7,594
7,609
7,618
7,626
7,644
7,631
7,618
7,621
7,635

28,336
29,052
30,197
31,579
33,117
34,454
36,040
37,533
39,055
40,460
40,736
40,767
40,845
40,901
40,984
41,020
41,073
40,993
41,078
41,085
41,046
41,117
41,076

Government
Total

18,402
18,645
18,841
19,128
19,305
19,419
19,557
19,823
20,206
20,681
20,583
20,581
20,590
20,614
20,629
20,680
20,711
20,747
20,770
20,828
20,932
20,992
20,989

Federal

2,966
2,969
2,915
2,870
2,822
2,757
2,699
2,686
2,669
2,777
2,623
2,622
2,620
2,613
2,613
2,615
2,613
2,615
2,612
2,621
2,626
2,617
2,618

of the working-age population, whereas the estimates in this table are based on reports from
employing establishments. In the series shown here, persons who work at more than one job
are counted each time they appear on a payroll, in contrast to the series shown on p. 11, where
persons are counted only once—as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.
2 Includes mining, not shown separately.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS, HOURLY EARNINGS, AND WEEKLY EARNINGS
PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES
[For production or nonsupervisory workers; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Average weekly hours

Average gross hourly earnings

Manufacturing
Period

1991 ......................
1992 ......................
1993 ......................
1994 ......................
1995 ......................
1996 .....................
1997 .....................
1998 ......................
1999 ......................
2000 ......................
2000: Aug ............
Sept ...........
Oct ............
Nov ............
Dec ............
2001: Jan ............
Feb ............
Mar ............
Apr ...........
May ...........
June ..........
July r .........
Aug r ..........
Sept p .........

Total
private
nonagricultural 1

34.3
34.4
34.5
34.7
34.5
34.4
34.6
34.6
34.5
34.5
34.3
34.4
34.4
34.3
34.2
34.4
34.3
34.3
34.2
34.2
34.2
34.2
34.0
34.1

Total

40.7
41.0
41.4
42.0
41.6
41.6
42.0
41.7
41.7
41.6
41.4
41.4
41.4
41.2
40.6
41.0
40.9
41.0
41.0
40.7
40.7
40.8
40.7
40.5

Average gross weekly earnings

Total private
nonagricultural 1

Overtime

3.6
3.8
4.1
4.7
4.4
4.5
4.8
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.5
4.3
4.1
4.2
3.9
4.1
3.9
3.9
3.9
4.0
4.0
3.9

Current
dollars

$10.32
10.57
10.83
11.12
11.43
11.82
12.28
12.78
13.24
13.75
13.80
13.84
13.90
13.97
14.03
14.03
14.11
14.17
14.21
14.24
14.31
14.34
14.41
14.44

1982
dollars 2

$7.45
7.41
7.39
7.40
7.39
7.43
7.55
7.75
7.86
7.89
7.90
7.88
7.90
7.92
7.94
7.90
7.92
7.95
7.94
7.93
7.95
8.00
8.04
..............

Total private
nonagricultural 1
Manufacturing

Current
dollars

$11.18
11.46
11.74
12.07
12.37
12.77
13.17
13.49
13.90
14.38
14.43
14.44
14.54
14.57
14.58
14.54
14.63
14.66
14.72
14.78
14.81
14.86
14.93
14.95

1 Also

includes other private industry groups shown on p. 14.
2 Current dollar earnings divided by the consumer price index for urban wage earners and
clerical workers (CPI–W) (on a 1982=100 base).

Percent change from
a year earlier, total
private nonagricultural

Current dollars

1982
dollars 2

Manufacturing

Construction

Retail
trade

$353.98
363.61
373.64
385.86
394.34
406.61
424.89
442.19
456.78
474.38
473.34
476.10
478.16
479.17
479.83
482.63
483.97
486.03
485.98
487.01
489.40
490.43
489.94
492.40

$255.40
254.99
254.87
256.73
255.07
255.73
261.31
268.32
271.25
272.16
270.94
270.97
271.68
271.64
271.55
271.60
271.59
272.74
271.50
271.16
272.04
273.52
273.25
..............

$455.03
469.86
486.04
506.94
514.59
531.23
553.14
562.53
579.63
598.21
597.40
597.82
601.96
600.28
591.95
596.14
598.37
601.06
603.52
601.55
602.77
606.29
607.65
605.48

$533.40
537.70
553.63
573.00
587.00
603.33
625.56
646.13
672.13
702.68
702.86
699.03
706.38
706.42
703.18
714.75
708.21
716.70
713.30
723.33
720.23
719.44
721.55
716.43

$198.48
205.06
209.95
216.46
221.47
230.11
240.74
253.46
263.61
273.39
274.55
274.75
276.57
277.73
276.96
280.52
280.04
279.94
280.51
281.95
282.12
281.42
282.00
282.00

Current
dollars

2.5
2.7
2.8
3.3
2.2
3.1
4.5
4.1
3.3
3.9
3.2
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.4
3.6
3.5
3.7
3.3
3.6
3.4
3.7
3.5
3.4

1982
dollars

¥1.6
¥.2
¥.0
.7
¥.6
.3
2.2
2.7
1.1
.3
¥.2
.2
.2
.1
.0
¥.1
¥.0
.8
.1
¥.1
.2
1.0
.9
..............

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX—PRIVATE INDUSTRY
Index (June 1989 = 100)

Percent change from
3 months earlier

Period

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

Benefits 1

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

12 months earlier
Benefits 1

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

Benefits 1

Not seasonally adjusted
1991:
1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
.................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................

111.7
115.6
119.8
123.5
126.7
130.6
135.1
139.8
144.6
150.9

110.0
112.9
116.4
119.7
123.1
127.3
132.3
137.4
142.2
147.7

1997: June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
1998: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
1999: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2000: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2001: Mar .................................................................
June ................................................................

132.6
133.7
135.2
136.2
137.3
138.8
139.7
140.2
141.8
143.0
144.6
146.6
148.3
149.7
151.0
152.7
154.2

129.7
130.9
132.4
133.7
134.8
136.5
137.5
138.1
139.7
140.9
142.3
143.9
145.4
146.7
147.9
149.5
150.9

116.2
122.2
128.3
133.0
135.9
138.6
141.8
145.2
150.2
158.6

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

0.9
.9
1.1
1.0
.8
1.3
.7
.4
1.2
.9
1.0
1.1
1.0
.9
.8
1.1
.9

0.6
.5
1.0
.3
.6
.7
.7
.1
1.0
1.0
1.3
2.0
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.4
.9

Seasonally adjusted

1 Employer

costs for employee benefits.
NOTE.—The employment cost index is a measure of the change in the cost of labor, free

139.7
140.4
141.8
142.2
143.1
144.1
145.1
145.3
146.7
148.2
150.2
153.2
155.1
157.0
158.7
161.0
162.5

0.8
.8
1.1
.7
.8
1.1
.6
.4
1.1
.8
1.1
1.4
1.2
.9
.9
1.1
1.0

4.4
3.5
3.6
3.1
2.6
3.1
3.4
3.5
3.4
4.4

3.7
2.6
3.1
2.8
2.8
3.4
3.9
3.9
3.5
3.9

6.2
5.2
5.0
3.7
2.2
2.0
2.3
2.4
3.4
5.6

Not seasonally adjusted
2.9
3.2
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.8
3.5
3.0
3.3
3.1
3.4
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.4
4.2
4.0

3.3
3.6
3.9
4.0
4.0
4.3
3.9
3.3
3.6
3.2
3.5
4.2
4.1
4.1
3.9
3.8
3.8

2.0
2.0
2.3
2.3
2.6
2.6
2.4
2.2
2.5
2.8
3.4
5.5
5.7
6.0
5.6
5.0
4.8

from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries.
Data exclude farm and household workers.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

15

PRODUCTIVITY AND RELATED DATA, BUSINESS SECTOR
Output per hour of
all persons
Period
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Output 1
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Hours of all
persons 2
Business
sector

Compensation per
hour 3

Nonfarm
business
sector

Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Real compensation
per hour 4
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Unit labor
costs
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Implicit price
deflator 5
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Indexes, 1992=100; quarterly data seasonally adjusted
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
1998:

........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
1999: I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
2000: I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
2001: I ...................
II* ................

96.3
100.0
100.5
101.9
102.6
105.4
107.8
110.7
113.4
116.9
110.0
110.0
110.7
111.9
112.8
112.5
113.3
115.2
115.0
117.1
117.4
118.2
118.2
118.9

96.4
100.0
100.5
101.8
102.8
105.4
107.5
110.3
112.9
116.2
109.6
109.7
110.4
111.6
112.2
111.9
112.7
114.7
114.5
116.3
116.7
117.4
117.4
118.0

96.5
100.0
103.1
108.1
111.5
116.4
122.5
128.5
134.4
140.6
126.7
127.3
128.7
131.3
132.4
132.9
134.6
137.8
138.6
140.8
141.2
141.9
142.3
142.0

96.6
100.0
103.3
108.2
111.8
116.7
122.7
128.8
134.8
140.8
127.0
127.7
129.0
131.6
132.8
133.2
134.9
138.1
138.8
141.0
141.4
142.1
142.5
142.3

100.2
100.0
102.6
106.2
108.7
110.4
113.6
116.1
118.5
120.3
115.2
115.8
116.3
117.3
117.4
118.2
118.8
119.6
120.5
120.2
120.3
120.0
120.4
119.5

100.2
100.0
102.9
106.2
108.8
110.7
114.1
116.8
119.4
121.2
115.9
116.3
116.9
118.0
118.3
119.1
119.8
120.4
121.2
121.3
121.2
121.0
121.4
120.6

95.0
100.0
102.5
104.5
106.7
110.1
113.5
119.8
125.2
132.8
117.6
119.1
120.6
121.8
123.2
124.5
126.1
127.2
129.0
131.7
133.8
136.8
138.6
140.4

95.0
100.0
102.2
104.3
106.6
109.8
113.1
119.2
124.4
132.0
116.9
118.5
120.0
121.2
122.3
123.6
125.1
126.4
128.4
130.7
133.0
135.9
137.6
139.2

97.5
100.0
99.9
99.7
99.3
99.8
100.7
104.8
107.3
110.1
103.3
104.4
105.2
105.8
106.6
107.0
107.5
107.6
108.1
109.6
110.3
112.0
112.3
113.0

97.5
100.0
99.6
99.5
99.2
99.5
100.3
104.2
106.5
109.4
102.7
103.9
104.7
105.3
105.9
106.2
106.8
107.0
107.6
108.8
109.7
111.3
111.5
112.0

98.7
100.0
101.9
102.6
104.1
104.5
105.3
108.2
110.4
113.6
106.9
108.3
108.9
108.8
109.2
110.7
111.3
110.4
112.1
112.5
114.0
115.7
117.2
118.1

98.5
100.0
101.7
102.5
103.7
104.2
105.2
108.0
110.2
113.6
106.7
108.0
108.7
108.6
109.0
110.5
111.1
110.2
112.1
112.4
114.0
115.8
117.2
118.0

98.1
100.0
102.2
104.0
106.0
107.7
109.7
110.6
111.6
113.7
110.3
110.4
110.7
110.8
111.2
111.4
111.7
112.0
112.9
113.5
113.9
114.4
115.2
115.7

98.0
100.0
102.2
104.1
106.1
107.6
109.8
110.8
112.0
114.2
110.5
110.6
111.0
111.1
111.5
111.8
112.1
112.5
113.5
114.0
114.5
114.9
115.7
116.2

3.6
1.6
1.7
.8
1.2
.5
.9
2.7
2.0
3.1
1.1
¥2.6
.7
5.6
2.0
5.1
2.7
¥.4
1.3
5.6
2.1
¥2.9
6.8
1.2
5.6
6.4
5.0
2.7

3.5
2.0
2.2
1.8
2.0
1.6
1.8
.8
.9
1.9
2.6
1.9
1.0
1.1
.5
.5
.9
.5
1.3
.8
.9
1.2
3.2
2.1
1.7
1.6
2.9
1.8

3.7
2.1
2.2
1.9
2.0
1.4
2.1
.9
1.1
2.0
3.1
2.2
1.3
1.1
.6
.4
1.2
.5
1.5
1.2
1.0
1.4
3.5
1.7
1.8
1.5
2.7
1.6

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
1997:

1998:

1999:

2000:

2001:

........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
........................
I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
I ...................
II* ................

1.1
3.9
.5
1.3
.7
2.8
2.3
2.7
2.5
3.1
1.6
4.2
3.8
.6
4.9
.1
2.6
4.6
3.1
¥1.1
2.9
7.0
¥.6
7.3
1.0
3.0
.0
2.2

1.2
3.7
.5
1.3
.9
2.5
2.0
2.6
2.3
3.0
1.1
4.2
3.3
.6
4.7
.5
2.2
4.5
2.4
¥1.4
3.0
7.4
¥.6
6.3
1.4
2.3
.1
2.1

¥1.2
3.7
3.1
4.9
3.1
4.4
5.2
4.9
4.6
4.6
5.2
7.1
4.9
3.2
7.5
1.9
4.4
8.2
3.5
1.6
5.1
9.9
2.2
6.5
1.3
1.8
1.2
¥.8

¥1.3
3.5
3.3
4.7
3.4
4.3
5.1
5.0
4.6
4.5
4.8
7.1
4.6
3.4
7.8
2.1
4.3
8.3
3.5
1.4
5.3
9.8
2.0
6.5
1.2
1.8
1.4
¥.5

¥2.3
¥.2
2.6
3.5
2.4
1.6
2.9
2.2
2.0
1.5
3.5
2.8
1.1
2.6
2.5
1.9
1.7
3.5
.4
2.7
2.1
2.7
2.9
¥.7
.3
¥1.1
1.2
¥2.9

¥2.4
¥.2
2.9
3.3
2.4
1.7
3.1
2.4
2.2
1.5
3.7
2.7
1.3
2.8
3.0
1.6
2.0
3.6
1.0
2.8
2.2
2.3
2.6
.2
¥.2
¥.5
1.3
¥2.6

1 Output refers to real gross domestic product originating in the sector.
2 Hours of all persons engage in the sector, including hours of proprietors and and unpaid
family workers. Estimates based primarily on establishment data.
3 Wages and salaries of employees plus employers’ contributions for social insurance and private benefit plans. Also includes an estimate of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for
the self-employed.
4 Hourly compensation divided by the consumer price index for all urban consumers (CPI–
U) for recent quarters. The trend from 1978–2000 is based on the consumer price index research series (CPI–U–RS).

16

4.7
5.3
2.5
2.0
2.1
3.2
3.1
5.5
4.6
6.0
2.2
1.4
4.5
6.4
7.1
5.4
5.0
4.2
4.7
4.2
5.1
3.5
5.9
8.6
6.5
9.4
5.3
5.4
5 Current

4.9
5.3
2.2
2.1
2.1
3.1
3.0
5.4
4.4
6.1
2.3
1.4
4.0
6.2
6.8
5.6
5.0
4.0
3.8
4.2
5.2
4.2
6.2
7.6
7.1
8.9
5.1
4.8

1.0
2.6
¥.1
¥.2
¥.4
.4
.9
4.0
2.4
2.6
¥.1
.5
2.8
4.2
6.3
4.2
3.4
2.3
3.1
1.4
2.0
.3
1.8
5.5
2.9
6.3
1.1
2.2

1.2
2.6
¥.4
¥.1
¥.4
.3
.8
3.9
2.2
2.7
.0
.6
2.3
4.0
6.0
4.4
3.4
2.1
2.2
1.3
2.1
.9
2.1
4.5
3.5
5.8
.9
1.7

3.6
1.4
1.9
.7
1.4
.4
.8
2.8
2.0
2.9
.6
¥2.7
.7
5.8
2.1
5.3
2.3
¥.4
1.5
5.4
2.1
¥3.2
6.5
1.2
5.5
6.3
5.3
3.1

dollar gross domestic output divided by the output index.
NOTE.—Data relate to all persons engaged in the sector.
Percent changes are from preceding period and are based on original data; they therefore
may differ slightly from percent changes based on indexes shown here.
* Data based on GDP data released August 29, 2001. Data for 2001: II shown elsewhere
in this issue were released September 28, 2001.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CAPACITY UTILIZATION
Industrial production and capacity utilization fell in August.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Total industrial production
Percent
Period

Index,
1992=100

From
preceding
month

Industry production indexes, 1992=100

change 1
From
year
earlier

Capacity utilization
rate, percent 2

Manufacturing

Total

Durable

Nondurable

Mining

Utilities

Total
industry

Manufacturing

.........................................
.........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................
........................................

97.0
100.0
103.5
109.1
114.3
119.6
127.7
134.0
139.6
147.5

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

¥2.0
3.1
3.5
5.4
4.8
4.6
6.8
4.9
4.2
5.6

96.2
100.0
103.7
109.9
115.7
121.4
130.8
138.2
144.8
153.6

95.5
100.0
105.7
114.6
124.2
134.7
148.8
162.3
175.6
193.4

97.0
100.0
101.6
104.8
106.6
107.4
112.3
114.4
115.4
116.9

102.6
100.0
100.0
102.3
102.0
103.5
105.3
103.0
98.0
100.0

100.4
100.0
104.0
105.4
109.1
112.7
112.8
114.1
117.1
120.4

79.3
80.2
81.3
83.1
83.3
82.6
83.5
82.1
81.2
82.1

77.9
79.4
80.4
82.5
82.5
81.6
82.7
81.3
80.5
81.3

2000: Aug ..............................
Sept .............................
Oct ...............................
Nov ..............................
Dec ..............................

148.6
149.0
148.7
148.2
147.3

0.7
.2
¥.2
¥.3
¥.6

6.0
6.1
5.1
4.5
3.1

154.6
155.1
154.9
154.1
152.6

196.9
198.4
197.6
196.7
195.1

116.3
116.0
116.3
115.5
114.1

101.0
100.4
100.1
101.1
99.6

122.1
121.7
120.0
121.9
129.1

82.6
82.4
82.0
81.4
80.6

81.7
81.7
81.2
80.5
79.3

2001: Jan ...............................
Feb ...............................
Mar ..............................
Apr ...............................
May r .............................
June r ............................
July r ............................
Aug p .............................

146.0
145.4
145.0
144.6
144.2
142.7
142.6
141.5

¥.9
¥.4
¥.3
¥.3
¥.3
¥1.0
¥.1
¥.8

1.7
.8
¥.2
¥1.1
¥2.0
¥3.5
¥3.4
¥4.8

151.3
150.7
150.0
149.6
149.2
147.4
147.5
146.1

192.3
191.1
191.3
190.1
190.1
187.4
187.6
185.5

114.0
114.0
112.7
112.8
112.2
111.2
111.1
110.3

101.0
101.4
102.7
103.5
103.8
103.4
102.3
101.8

124.0
121.8
122.0
120.9
119.5
119.6
118.8
120.7

79.7
79.2
78.7
78.4
78.0
77.1
76.9
76.2

78.4
77.9
77.3
76.9
76.6
75.6
75.5
74.6

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

1 Percent
2 Output

changes based on unrounded indexes.
as percent of capacity.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

17

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION—MAJOR MARKET GROUPS AND
SELECTED MANUFACTURES
[1992=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Products

Materials

Final products

Intermediate products

Consumer goods

Equipment

Period
Total
Total

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Total 1

Business

Defense
and
space
equipment

Total

Construction
supplies

Business
supplies

Total

Energy

............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................

97.7
100.0
103.6
107.9
111.9
116.1
123.2
129.3
133.3
138.8

97.0
100.0
103.5
107.8
110.6
112.5
115.9
118.4
120.8
123.0

93.0
100.0
111.8
123.8
128.1
130.9
138.1
145.8
158.3
160.8

98.1
100.0
101.4
103.9
106.3
108.0
110.4
111.8
112.0
114.2

98.8
100.0
103.7
108.1
114.2
122.4
135.4
147.1
153.8
166.1

95.7
100.0
105.5
112.7
121.5
132.6
150.2
165.7
176.4
194.2

106.7
100.0
93.0
86.4
83.7
80.6
75.8
79.5
80.8
76.2

97.5
100.0
102.4
106.2
108.0
110.7
116.3
121.0
125.1
128.7

96.2
100.0
103.4
110.6
112.6
117.8
123.6
131.6
138.5
143.2

98.3
100.0
101.8
103.6
105.3
106.6
112.0
114.7
117.2
120.1

95.9
100.0
103.8
111.6
119.6
127.0
138.0
145.7
154.5
167.8

100.8
100.0
99.6
101.3
102.5
103.6
103.8
103.5
103.1
103.4

2000: Aug ..................................................
Sept .................................................
Oct ..................................................
Nov ..................................................
Dec ...................................................

139.2
139.3
138.8
138.8
139.1

123.8
123.8
122.7
122.4
123.1

160.0
162.8
157.3
154.3
153.4

115.2
114.7
114.5
114.6
115.7

167.9
168.3
169.1
169.9
168.9

197.8
199.5
200.0
200.6
199.2

76.1
73.7
75.3
77.0
77.5

128.8
128.6
128.7
128.5
126.8

142.7
143.1
142.3
141.6
140.6

120.6
120.0
120.7
120.7
118.5

170.5
171.3
171.1
169.9
167.8

104.2
104.3
103.9
105.4
104.5

2001: Jan ..................................................
Feb ..................................................
Mar .................................................
Apr ...................................................
May r ................................................
June r ...............................................
July r ................................................
Aug p ................................................

137.8
137.7
137.9
137.2
136.9
135.6
135.8
134.4

121.8
122.3
122.4
122.1
122.2
121.6
122.1
121.2

148.9
150.8
153.6
152.9
155.6
154.5
157.8
155.3

114.9
115.3
114.8
114.6
114.2
113.7
113.7
113.0

168.0
166.2
166.8
165.3
164.1
161.0
160.6
158.1

197.4
195.3
195.6
193.3
191.9
187.7
187.1
184.1

78.5
76.7
77.7
78.0
76.8
76.4
77.0
76.3

126.7
125.5
124.4
123.7
124.0
123.2
122.5
121.9

140.7
139.9
140.5
139.6
139.3
139.2
138.8
138.1

118.4
117.0
114.9
114.3
114.9
113.8
113.0
112.5

165.9
165.0
163.9
164.1
163.3
161.2
160.8
159.9

104.4
103.9
104.9
105.8
104.8
104.2
103.0
103.6

1 Includes

oil and gas well drilling and manufactured homes, not shown separately.

[1992=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Durable manufactures
Primary metals
Period
Total
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................

Iron
and
steel

Fabricated
metal
products

Industrial
machinery and
equipment

Electrical
machinery

Nondurable manufactures
Transportation
equipment

Total

Motor
vehicles
and
parts

Lumber
and
products

Apparel
products

Printing
and
publishing

Chemicals
and
products

Foods

96.7
100.0
105.1
113.7
116.2
119.6
125.4
127.8
130.4
133.7

96.0
100.0
105.9
114.3
116.5
118.9
123.8
124.6
126.7
131.1

96.2
100.0
104.4
112.2
116.4
120.1
126.1
130.3
131.9
135.6

95.4
100.0
110.2
125.4
144.0
160.2
177.1
195.2
219.0
252.8

89.6
100.0
109.8
131.4
165.9
206.6
264.3
321.0
399.4
549.7

96.5
100.0
104.4
108.4
108.0
109.6
119.0
128.8
131.4
131.0

88.5
100.0
114.9
132.9
136.3
136.3
147.0
152.4
165.8
170.5

94.5
100.0
100.8
105.9
107.9
110.5
114.1
118.7
122.4
118.3

97.8
100.0
102.4
106.4
107.0
104.3
104.8
100.4
94.8
91.7

99.1
100.0
100.5
100.6
101.2
101.8
107.6
107.4
106.8
109.9

96.4
100.0
101.1
103.9
106.1
108.4
116.8
121.4
126.1
128.3

98.4
100.0
102.0
103.6
105.7
105.3
107.0
110.8
112.5
114.7

..................................................
.................................................
..................................................
..................................................
..................................................

132.4
133.9
129.0
127.3
126.3

129.7
131.9
123.7
122.0
118.7

136.3
136.0
136.0
134.7
132.9

257.9
260.0
261.5
261.9
262.3

580.0
592.2
597.4
604.4
610.2

132.4
132.4
129.2
126.8
122.8

173.9
175.5
167.2
160.1
151.8

115.5
116.8
114.8
113.2
111.5

90.7
89.5
89.2
89.2
88.2

110.4
110.9
111.6
111.2
109.2

125.9
125.4
125.8
124.8
122.9

115.1
114.6
114.8
115.0
114.2

2001: Jan ..................................................
Feb ..................................................
Mar .................................................
Apr ...................................................
May r ................................................
June r ...............................................
July r ................................................
Aug p ................................................

124.0
121.3
117.8
122.4
122.5
120.4
120.4
119.1

116.0
115.5
113.3
118.4
121.9
122.1
121.7
120.8

133.5
130.3
129.8
129.3
128.8
127.5
127.9
127.4

258.4
255.0
255.7
251.0
246.1
240.6
240.0
235.6

604.3
593.7
581.0
569.9
565.8
554.9
541.7
536.7

116.0
119.8
124.5
123.9
127.0
125.5
129.2
126.7

138.6
147.4
156.5
155.4
162.9
160.7
168.6
164.0

108.3
109.1
111.4
110.9
114.0
113.9
114.1
114.7

88.9
88.7
88.4
88.2
87.9
85.3
85.9
83.4

109.6
107.7
106.2
105.6
105.3
104.2
103.8
102.8

121.8
122.6
121.2
120.1
120.2
118.6
118.2
118.0

114.1
115.0
114.6
114.2
114.1
113.4
113.0
112.8

2000: Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

18

NEW CONSTRUCTION
[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Construction contracts 3

Private
Period

Total new
construction
expenditures

Residential
Total

New housing
units

Total 1

Commercial
and industrial 2

Other

Federal
and
State
and
local

Total value
index
(1996=100)

Commercial
and industrial
floor space
(millions of
square feet)

Billions of dollars
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................

432.6
463.7
491.0
539.2
557.8
615.9
653.4
704.7
763.8
815.4

322.5
347.8
375.1
419.0
427.9
476.6
502.7
551.4
596.3
640.6

166.3
199.4
225.1
258.6
247.4
281.1
289.0
314.6
350.6
374.3

2000: Aug ............................
Sept ...........................
Oct .............................
Nov ............................
Dec ............................
2001: Jan ............................
Feb .............................
Mar ............................
Apr r ...........................
May r ..........................
June r .........................
July r ..........................
Aug p ..........................

804.0
815.4
820.8
826.7
838.7
859.8
869.3
869.1
870.8
869.6
861.6
854.6
845.5

630.7
638.9
644.8
651.1
660.8
673.7
681.8
681.2
677.4
670.8
665.3
653.3
644.3

114.6
135.1
150.9
176.4
171.4
191.1
198.1
224.0
251.3
264.9

364.0
364.4
370.3
374.3
379.6
386.1
398.9
395.1
392.2
394.3
391.5
388.9
387.3

93.7
82.2
81.5
93.3
110.9
125.2
136.6
151.1
153.1
165.6

62.6
66.2
68.5
67.1
69.7
70.4
77.1
85.7
92.6
100.7

110.1
115.8
116.0
120.2
129.9
139.3
150.7
153.3
167.5
174.9

70
76
82
89
92
100
109
122
135
142

577
556
589
744
862
875
1,027
1,223
1,255
1,240

167.7
169.0
169.9
169.7
172.3
177.2
173.9
178.7
174.5
165.1
164.8
159.2
152.1

98.9
105.5
104.7
107.1
109.0
110.4
109.1
107.4
110.8
111.5
109.1
105.2
104.8

173.3
176.6
176.0
175.7
177.9
186.1
187.5
188.0
193.4
198.7
196.2
201.3
201.2

139
143
151
144
140
151
152
141
142
141
149
142
....................

......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................

Annual rates
258.7
257.4
257.5
259.9
263.5
269.1
275.4
273.9
274.7
278.8
278.5
279.3
278.6

1 Includes

residential improvements, not shown separately.
hotels and motels.
Dodge series.

Sources: Department of Commerce (Bureau of the Census) and The McGraw-Hill Companies,
Inc., F.W. Dodge Division.

2 Includes
3 F.W.

NEW PRIVATE HOUSING AND VACANCY RATES
[Thousands of units or houses, except as noted]
New private housing units
Period
Total
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................

New private houses

Units started, by type of structure

1,013.9
1,199.7
1,287.6
1,457.0
1,354.1
1,476.8
1,474.0
1,616.9
1,640.9
1,568.7

1 unit
840.4
1,029.9
1,125.7
1,198.4
1,076.2
1,160.9
1,133.7
1,271.4
1,302.4
1,230.9

2–4 units 1

5 units or
more

35.6
30.7
29.4
35.0
33.7
45.2
44.5
42.6
31.9
38.7

137.9
139.0
132.6
223.5
244.1
270.8
295.8
302.9
306.6
299.1

Units
authorized
948.8
1,094.9
1,199.1
1,371.6
1,332.5
1,425.6
1,441.1
1,612.3
1,663.5
1,592.3

Units
completed

Houses
sold

Houses for
sale at end
of period 2

1,090.8
1,157.5
1,192.7
1,346.9
1,312.6
1,412.9
1,400.5
1,474.2
1,604.9
1,573.7

509
610
666
670
667
757
804
886
880
877

284
265
293
336
370
322
281
294
308
297

1,583
1,526
1,509
1,548
1,527
1,424
1,531
1,478
1,569
1,499
1,643
1,574
1,577

839
902
922
882
1,001
938
959
953
899
r 882
886
893
898

304
301
301
304
297
295
295
289
293
r 296
301
305
307

Vacancy rate
for rental
housing units
(percent) 3
7.4
7.4
3 7.3

7.4
7.6
7.8
7.7
7.9
8.1
8.0

Seasonally adjusted annual rates
2000: Aug ............................
Sept ...........................
Oct .............................
Nov ............................
Dec ............................
2001: Jan ............................
Feb ............................
Mar ............................
Apr ............................
May ............................
June r .........................
July r ..........................
Aug p ..........................

1,531
1,508
1,527
1,559
1,532
1,666
1,623
1,592
1,626
1,610
1,634
1,641
1,527

1,228
1,196
1,218
1,209
1,236
1,336
1,288
1,208
1,295
1,285
1,292
1,278
1,247

48
36
38
44
37
40
25
45
42
29
54
37
28

1 Derived; seasonally adjusted monthly data for 2–4 housing units started are no longer published.
2 Seasonally adjusted.
3 Revised series beginning 1994; data for 1993 reflect the revision. Quarterly data entered
in last month of quarter.
NOTE.—Beginning 1994, units authorized are for 19,000 places. For other data shown, units

255
276
271
306
259
290
310
339
289
296
288
326
252

1,544
1,549
1,562
1,614
1,553
1,724
1,663
1,627
1,587
1,621
1,587
1,571
1,571

......................
8.2
......................
......................
7.8
......................
......................
8.2
......................
......................
8.3
......................
......................

authorized are for 17,000 places.
Beginning 1999, housing starts, completions, and sales are not directly comparable with earlier data due to new estimation methods.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

19

BUSINESS SALES AND INVENTORIES—Manufacturing and Trade
In July, manufacturing and trade sales rose 0.4 percent and inventories fell $6.2 billion. In August, according
to preliminary estimates, manufacturing and trade sales were about unchanged. According to advance estimates,
retail sales rose 0.2 percent in August; retail and food services sales rose 0.3 percent.

[Millions of dollars, except ratios; seasonally adjusted, except as noted]

Manufacturing and trade 1
Period
Sales 2

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Inventories 3

Inventorysales
ratio 4

Wholesale

Sales 2

Inventories 3

Retail
Inventory
sales
ratio 4

Sales 2

Inventories 3

Inventory
sales
ratio 4

Retail and
food services
sales

.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................

540,572
567,377
609,908
654,435
686,604
723,212
742,810
787,127
843,263

840,687
867,961
931,330
990,100
1,009,261
1,049,901
1,084,488
1,138,602
1,204,524

1.53
1.51
1.47
1.48
1.46
1.42
1.44
1.41
1.40

144,302
150,833
161,133
176,227
186,649
194,541
198,319
211,607
229,627

193,685
201,883
218,913
235,197
237,852
255,242
268,079
284,317
303,063

1.31
1.31
1.30
1.30
1.28
1.27
1.33
1.30
1.29

154,268
164,837
178,932
188,235
200,190
209,112
219,507
238,580
256,896

267,562
285,762
311,890
329,566
340,491
350,841
364,254
391,811
417,917

1.68
1.69
1.67
1.73
1.68
1.65
1.63
1.59
1.58

171,219
182,841
197,735
207,704
220,431
230,616
242,228
262,435
282,402

2000: July r ....................................................
Aug r .....................................................
Sept ......................................................
Oct .......................................................
Nov .......................................................
Dec .......................................................

847,570
847,408
849,762
847,112
843,384
846,258

1,184,979
1,193,045
1,193,106
1,199,577
1,204,041
1,204,524

1.40
1.41
1.40
1.42
1.43
1.42

231,472
231,472
231,965
231,866
231,623
233,590

299,582
301,315
300,721
301,573
302,662
303,063

1.29
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.31
1.30

257,362
257,826
259,801
259,325
257,923
257,979

408,218
413,253
413,151
416,004
417,487
417,917

1.59
1.60
1.59
1.60
1.62
1.62

283,035
283,230
285,621
285,070
283,648
283,735

2001: Jan .......................................................
Feb .......................................................
Mar ......................................................
Apr ......................................................
May ......................................................
June r ...................................................
July r ....................................................
Aug p ....................................................

843,035 1,206,745
1.43
843,032 1,203,367
1.43
837,800 1,198,530
1.43
833,698 1,196,694
1.44
841,208 1,194,840
1.42
828,409 1,187,715
1.43
831,663 1,181,531
1.42
831,862 .................. ................

233,960
233,080
229,619
229,959
228,919
226,302
227,918
229,308

302,222
301,541
301,822
302,102
303,004
301,869
299,032
298,677

1.29
1.29
1.31
1.31
1.32
1.33
1.31
1.30

261,525 419,216
1.60
261,969 417,473
1.59
260,695 416,129
1.60
264,708 414,933
1.57
265,022 415,124
1.57
264,785 413,879
1.56
265,199 414,121
1.56
265,819 ................ ................

288,054
288,245
287,102
291,116
291,691
291,651
292,128
293,083

1 See

page 21 for manufacturing.
data are averages of monthly not seasonally adjusted figures; monthly data are seasonally adjusted totals for month.
3 Seasonally adjusted, end of period.
2 Annual

20

4 Annual

data are averages of seasonally adjusted monthly ratios.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

MANUFACTURERS’ SHIPMENTS, INVENTORIES, AND ORDERS
In August, manufacturers’ shipments, inventories, and unfilled orders fell; new orders were about unchanged.

Manufacturers’ shipments 1

Manufacturers’ inventories 2

Manufacturers’ new orders 1
Durable goods

Period
Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Total
Total

Capital
goods
industries,
nondefense

Manufacturers’
unfilled
orders 2

Manufacturers’
inventory—
shipments
ratio 3

Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted, except as noted
1992 .....................................................
1993 .....................................................
1994 .....................................................
1995 .....................................................
1996 .....................................................
1997 .....................................................
1998 .....................................................
1999 .....................................................
2000 .....................................................
2000: Aug ...........................................
Sept ..........................................
Oct ............................................
Nov ...........................................
Dec ...........................................
2001: Jan ...........................................
Feb ...........................................
Mar ...........................................
Apr ...........................................
May ..........................................
June .........................................
July r .........................................
Aug p .........................................

242,002
251,708
269,843
289,973
299,766
319,558
324,984
336,940
356,739
358,110
357,996
355,921
353,838
354,689
347,550
347,983
347,486
339,031
347,267
337,322
338,546
336,735

126,572
133,712
147,005
158,568
164,883
178,949
185,966
193,896
202,918
203,527
204,364
201,626
199,406
199,840
193,473
193,401
194,082
186,519
192,463
187,821
187,584
185,732

115,430
117,996
122,838
131,405
134,883
140,610
139,019
143,043
153,822
154,583
153,632
154,295
154,432
154,849
154,077
154,582
153,404
152,512
154,804
149,501
150,962
151,003

379,440
380,316
400,527
425,337
430,918
443,818
452,155
462,474
483,544
478,477
479,234
482,000
483,892
483,544
485,307
484,353
480,579
479,659
476,712
471,967
468,378
465,269

1 Annual data are averages of monthly not seasonally adjusted figures; monthly data are seasonally adjusted totals for month. Shipments are the same as sales.
2 Seasonally adjusted, end of period.
3 Annual data are averages of seasonally adjusted monthly ratios.

238,676
239,252
253,629
267,807
272,876
281,273
292,549
295,290
309,545
304,834
305,012
307,469
309,335
309,545
311,246
310,564
307,133
306,488
304,174
300,823
297,940
295,649

140,764 ................ ................ ................
141,064 249,649 131,653
40,681
146,898 270,566 147,728
45,175
157,530 291,293 159,888
51,011
158,042 303,179 168,297
54,066
162,545 321,585 180,975
60,697
159,606 323,739 184,720
62,133
167,184 338,511 195,468
64,162
173,999 362,473 208,651
73,451
173,643 359,772 205,189
73,868
174,222 365,389 211,757
77,242
174,531 353,920 199,625
70,539
174,557 360,079 205,647
74,776
173,999 359,989 205,140
77,992
174,061 337,201 183,124
67,813
173,789 344,908 190,326
68,010
173,446 347,359 193,955
68,344
173,171 335,415 182,903
64,619
172,538 342,893 188,089
63,765
171,144 332,939 183,438
61,364
170,438 332,608 181,646
59,476
169,620 332,569 181,566
60,083

458,396
433,853
442,658
459,123
500,050
525,176
510,220
530,844
600,036
583,103
590,496
588,495
594,736
600,036
589,687
586,612
586,485
582,869
578,495
574,112
568,176
564,010

1.56
1.51
1.44
1.44
1.43
1.37
1.39
1.35
1.33
1.34
1.34
1.35
1.37
1.36
1.40
1.39
1.38
1.41
1.37
1.40
1.38
1.38

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

21

PRICES
PRODUCER PRICES
The producer price index for all finished goods rose 0.4 percent in August. Prices of finished consumer foods
rose 0.9 percent, while prices of other finished consumer goods rose 0.3 percent. Capital equipment prices fell
0.1 percent.

[1982=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Finished goods

Period

Total
finished
goods

Intermediate materials

Finished goods excluding consumer foods
Consumer
foods

Consumer goods
Total
Total

Durable

Nondurable

Capital
equipment

Total
finished
consumer
goods

Crude materials

Total

Foods
and
feeds 1

Other

Total

Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs

Other

1991 ...........................
1992 ...........................
1993 ...........................
1994 ...........................
1995 ...........................
1996 ...........................
1997 ...........................
1998 ...........................
1999 ..........................
2000 ...........................
2000: Aug ................
Sept ...............
Oct .................
Nov ................
Dec ................

121.7
123.2
124.7
125.5
127.9
131.3
131.8
130.7
133.0
138.0
138.0
139.0
139.6
139.8
140.0

124.1
123.3
125.7
126.8
129.0
133.6
134.5
134.3
135.1
137.2
136.7
137.0
138.0
138.3
137.9

120.9
123.1
124.4
125.1
127.5
130.5
130.9
129.5
132.3
138.1
138.3
139.5
139.9
140.2
140.5

118.7
120.8
121.7
121.6
124.0
127.6
128.2
126.4
130.5
138.4
138.6
140.2
140.9
141.1
141.6

123.9
125.7
128.0
130.9
132.7
134.2
133.7
132.9
133.0
133.9
134.0
134.3
134.1
134.3
134.4

115.0
117.3
117.6
116.2
118.8
123.3
124.3
122.2
127.9
138.7
138.8
141.0
142.0
142.3
142.9

126.7
129.1
131.4
134.1
136.7
138.3
138.2
137.6
137.6
138.8
139.1
139.4
139.3
139.4
139.5

120.5
121.7
123.0
123.3
125.6
129.5
130.2
128.9
132.0
138.2
138.1
139.4
140.2
140.4
140.6

114.4
114.7
116.2
118.5
124.9
125.7
125.6
123.0
123.2
129.2
129.4
130.4
130.6
130.4
130.9

111.1
110.7
112.7
114.8
114.8
128.1
125.4
116.2
111.1
111.7
110.2
110.9
111.6
111.8
113.8

114.6
114.9
116.4
118.7
125.5
125.6
125.7
123.4
123.9
130.1
130.5
131.4
131.7
131.5
131.8

101.2
100.4
102.4
101.8
102.7
113.8
111.1
96.8
98.2
120.6
117.6
126.0
130.8
129.1
141.1

105.5
105.1
108.4
106.5
105.8
121.5
112.2
103.9
98.7
100.2
94.1
97.7
100.7
101.9
105.6

94.6
93.5
94.7
94.8
96.8
104.5
106.4
88.4
94.3
130.4
129.6
140.9
146.8
143.1
160.4

2001: Jan ................
Feb ................
Mar ................
Apr r ...............
May ................
June ...............
July ................
Aug .................

141.6
141.7
141.6
142.3
142.2
141.7
140.4
140.9

139.1
140.2
141.4
142.3
141.5
141.7
140.9
142.1

142.3
142.1
141.6
142.1
142.3
141.6
140.1
140.4

144.0
144.0
143.1
143.9
144.1
143.1
140.7
141.1

134.4
133.4
133.8
134.3
133.8
133.8
134.1
134.3

146.4
146.7
145.3
146.2
146.7
145.3
141.8
142.3

139.8
139.3
139.5
139.8
139.7
139.9
140.2
140.1

142.7
143.0
142.7
143.5
143.5
142.8
140.9
141.6

132.0
131.7
131.3
131.2
131.2
131.1
129.8
129.3

115.4
114.1
114.5
114.4
114.6
116.1
116.8
118.9

132.9
132.7
132.3
132.1
132.2
131.9
130.5
129.9

165.8
141.8
132.3
133.0
129.7
121.9
115.4
112.7

107.3
105.9
109.5
109.0
107.6
107.5
108.1
107.5

200.1
161.4
143.2
144.7
140.3
127.4
116.3
112.3

1 Intermediate

22

materials for food manufacturing and feeds.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CONSUMER PRICES—ALL URBAN CONSUMERS
In August, the consumer price index for all urban consumers rose 0.1 percent seasonally adjusted; it was unchanged
not seasonally adjusted. The index was 2.7 percent above its year-earlier level.

[1982–84=100, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
All items 1

Housing

Transportation

Shelter
Period

Not
season- Seasonally
ally
adjust- adjusted
ed
(NSA)

Food
Total 1

Rent
of primary
residence

Total 1

Owners’
equivalent
rent
(12/82=
100)

Fuels
and
utilities

Apparel

Total 1

New
cars

Motor
fuel

Medical
care

Energy 2

All
items
less
food
and
energy

Rel. imp.3 .........................
1991 .................................
1992 .................................
1993 .................................
1994 .................................
1995 .................................
1996 .................................
1997 .................................
1998 .................................
1999 .................................
2000 .................................

100.0
136.2
140.3
144.5
148.2
152.4
156.9
160.5
163.0
166.6
172.2

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

15.2
136.3
137.9
140.9
144.3
148.4
153.3
157.3
160.7
164.1
167.8

40.0
133.6
137.5
141.2
144.8
148.5
152.8
156.8
160.4
163.9
169.6

30.3
146.3
151.2
155.7
160.5
165.7
171.0
176.3
182.1
187.3
193.4

7.1
143.3
146.9
150.3
154.0
157.8
162.0
166.7
172.1
177.5
183.9

20.5
150.4
155.5
160.5
165.8
171.3
176.8
181.9
187.8
192.9
198.7

5.1
115.3
117.8
121.3
122.8
123.7
127.5
130.8
128.5
128.8
137.9

4.5
128.7
131.9
133.7
133.4
132.0
131.7
132.9
133.0
131.3
129.6

17.6 ............
123.8 125.3
126.5 128.4
130.4 131.5
134.3 136.0
139.1 139.0
143.0 141.4
144.3 141.7
141.6 140.7
144.4 139.6
153.3 139.6

3.5
99.4
99.0
98.0
98.5
100.0
106.3
106.2
92.2
100.7
129.3

5.8
177.0
190.1
201.4
211.0
220.5
228.2
234.6
242.1
250.6
260.8

7.7
102.5
103.0
104.2
104.6
105.2
110.1
111.5
102.9
106.6
124.6

77.1
142.1
147.3
152.2
156.5
161.2
165.6
169.5
173.4
177.0
181.3

2000: Aug .....................
Sept .....................
Oct .......................
Nov ......................
Dec ......................

172.8
173.7
174.0
174.1
174.0

172.8
173.6
173.9
174.3
174.6

168.8
169.2
169.4
169.3
170.1

170.0
170.8
171.5
172.0
172.6

193.7
194.2
194.9
195.4
195.7

184.7
185.4
186.1
186.7
187.4

199.3
199.9
200.4
201.0
201.6

138.2
140.9
142.7
143.3
145.8

128.1
129.7
130.0
129.4
129.0

153.3
155.1
154.6
155.1
155.0

139.8
139.6
139.3
139.5
139.7

126.3
134.1
133.1
133.1
130.7

262.5
263.5
264.3
265.0
265.8

123.1
128.2
128.8
129.0
129.4

182.1
182.6
182.8
183.3
183.5

2001: Jan ......................
Feb .......................
Mar ......................
Apr .......................
May ......................
June .....................
July ......................
Aug .......................

175.1
175.8
176.2
176.9
177.7
178.0
177.5
177.5

175.7
176.2
176.3
176.8
177.5
177.9
177.4
177.5

170.6
171.4
171.8
172.0
172.5
173.2
173.8
174.1

174.3
174.6
175.0
175.2
175.9
176.6
176.6
177.1

196.3
197.1
198.0
198.5
199.4
200.3
200.5
201.6

188.1
188.7
189.6
190.2
191.1
191.8
192.5
193.2

202.2
202.9
203.6
204.4
205.1
205.9
206.5
207.6

154.4
152.8
151.9
151.2
152.0
152.6
151.3
149.8

128.7
129.7
130.2
128.5
127.3
126.9
126.1
125.4

155.5
156.1
154.7
156.1
158.0
157.7
154.1
153.4

139.6
139.2
138.8
139.1
139.0
138.6
138.6
138.3

130.7
132.2
127.3
133.4
141.5
138.0
122.9
119.9

267.4
268.8
269.8
270.9
271.7
272.7
273.0
274.5

134.4
134.1
131.3
133.7
137.8
136.5
128.9
126.5

184.1
184.7
185.1
185.5
185.7
186.3
186.6
187.0

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
fuels—gas (piped), electricity, fuel oil, etc.—and motor fuel. Motor oil, coolant,
etc. excluded beginning 1983.
2 Household

3 Relative

importance, December 2000.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

23

CHANGES IN PRODUCER PRICES FOR FINISHED GOODS
[Percent change from preceding period; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Change from preceding period
Period

Change from 3 months earlier, annual rate

Change from 6 months earlier, annual rate

Consumer goods

Consumer goods

Consumer goods

Total
finished
goods

Capital
equipment

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Excluding
foods

Capital
equipment

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Excluding
foods

Capital
equipment

2.5
1.7
1.8
2.0
2.2
.4
¥.6
0
.3
1.2

Excluding
foods

Foods

Change
from year
earlier,
total
finished
goods
NSA

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

2.1
1.2
1.2
.6
1.9
2.7
.4
¥.8
1.8
3.8

Change, Dec. to Dec., NSA
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

¥0.1
1.6
.2
1.7
2.3
2.8
¥1.2
0
2.9
3.6

.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................

¥1.5
1.6
2.4
1.1
1.9
3.4
¥.8
.1
.8
1.7

¥0.7
1.6
¥1.4
2.0
2.3
3.7
¥1.5
¥.1
5.1
5.5

Change, month to month
2000: Aug .............
Sept ............
Oct ..............
Nov .............
Dec .............

¥0.1
.7
.4
.1
.1

¥0.4
.2
.7
.2
¥.3

¥0.1
1.2
.5
.1
.4

0.1
.2
¥.1
.1
.1

2.7
2.0
4.1
5.3
2.9

¥3.4
¥1.2
2.1
4.8
2.7

6.0
3.8
6.5
7.4
4.1

1.5
1.7
.9
.9
.3

2.5
2.2
3.7
4.0
2.5

0.7
1.0
.3
.6
.7

3.9
3.2
6.4
6.7
3.9

1.3
1.6
1.3
1.2
1.0

3.4
3.5
3.7
3.8
3.6

2001: Jan ..............
Feb .............
Mar .............
Apr r ............
May .............
June ............
July .............
Aug .............

1.1
.1
¥.1
.5
r ¥.1
¥.4
¥.9
.4

.9
.8
.9
.6
r ¥.6
.1
¥.6
.9

1.7
0
¥.6
.6
r .1
¥.7
¥1.7
.3

.2
¥.4
.1
.2
¥.1
.1
.2
¥.1

5.9
5.5
4.7
2.0
1.4
.3
r ¥5.2
¥3.6

3.2
5.6
10.5
9.5
3.8
.9
r ¥3.9
1.7

9.1
8.5
4.3
¥.3
.3
0
r ¥8.6
¥8.1

1.4
¥.3
0
0
1.2
1.2
r 1.1
1.2

5.0
5.4
3.8
3.9
3.5
2.4
¥1.7
¥1.1

2.6
5.2
6.5
6.3
4.7
5.6
2.6
2.7

7.8
7.9
4.2
4.3
4.3
2.1
¥4.5
¥4.0

1.2
.3
.1
.7
.4
.6
.6
1.2

4.8
4.0
3.0
3.7
3.8
2.5
1.5
2.1

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CHANGES IN CONSUMER PRICES—ALL URBAN CONSUMERS
[Percent change from preceding period; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Housing

Transportation

Shelter
Period

All
items 1

Food
Total 1
Total 1

Rent of Ownpriers’
mary equivaresilent
dence
rent

Fuels
and
utilities

Apparel

Total 1

New
cars

Motor
fuel

Medical
care

Energy 2

All
items
less
food
and
energy

Addendum: All items,
percent change
(annual rate)
From
previous
quarter 3

From
From
3
6
months months
earlier earlier

From
year
earlier
NSA

Change, December to December, NSA
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................

3.1
2.9
2.7
2.7
2.5
3.3
1.7
1.6
2.7
3.4

1.9
1.5
2.9
2.9
2.1
4.3
1.5
2.3
1.9
2.8

3.4
2.6
2.7
2.2
3.0
2.9
2.4
2.3
2.2
4.3

3.9
2.9
3.0
3.0
3.5
2.9
3.4
3.3
2.5
3.4

2.9
2.3
2.2
2.5
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.4
3.1
4.0

3.6
3.0
3.2
3.3
3.6
2.8
3.1
3.2
2.4
3.4

2.9
2.3
2.5
.2
1.4
4.6
.5
¥2.6
2.4
12.1

3.4
1.4
.9
¥1.6
.1
¥.2
1.0
¥.7
¥.5
¥1.8

¥1.5
3.0
2.4
3.8
1.5
4.4
¥1.4
¥1.7
5.4
4.1

3.3
2.3
2.8
3.2
1.6
1.6
¥1.0
¥.1
¥.8
.3

¥16.0
1.8
¥5.4
5.9
¥4.0
12.7
¥6.2
¥15.4
30.2
13.9

7.9
6.6
5.4
4.9
3.9
3.0
2.8
3.4
3.7
4.2

¥7.4
2.0
¥1.4
2.2
¥1.3
8.6
¥3.4
¥8.8
13.4
14.2

4.4
3.3
3.2
2.6
3.0
2.6
2.2
2.4
1.9
2.6

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

4.2
3.0
3.0
2.6
2.8
3.0
2.3
1.6
2.2
3.4

0.2 ..........
.3
3.5
.1 ..........
.3 ..........
.1
3.0

3.5
3.3
2.8
3.5
2.3

3.1
2.8
3.3
3.5
2.8

3.4
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.4

4.2
4.4
4.0
2.5
3.0
3.7
1.4
0

3.5
4.0
3.1
3.4
3.7
3.8
1.9
1.5

3.7
3.5
2.9
3.3
3.6
3.2
2.7
2.7

Change, month to month
2000: Aug .................
Sept ................
Oct ..................
Nov .................
Dec .................

0.1
.5
.2
.2
.2

0.2
.2
.1
¥.1
.5

0.2
.5
.4
.3
.3

0.3
.3
.4
.3
.2

0.3
.4
.4
.3
.4

0.3
.3
.3
.3
.3

0
2.0
1.3
.4
1.7

0.1
1.2
.2
¥.5
¥.3

¥0.8
1.2
¥.3
.3
¥.1

¥0.1
¥.1
¥.2
.1
.1

¥5.1
6.2
¥.7
0
¥1.8

0.4
.4
.3
.3
.3

¥2.5
4.1
.5
.2
.3

2001: Jan .................
Feb .................
Mar .................
Apr ..................
May .................
June ................
July .................
Aug ..................

.6
.3
.1
.3
.4
.2
¥.3
.1

.3
.5
.2
.1
.3
.4
.3
.2

1.0
.2
.2
.1
.4
.4
0
.3

.3
.4
.5
.3
.5
.5
.1
.5

.4
.3
.5
.3
.5
.4
.4
.4

.3
.3
.3
.4
.3
.4
.3
.5

5.9
¥1.0
¥.6
¥.5
.5
.4
¥.9
¥1.0

¥.2
.8
.4
¥1.3
¥.9
¥.3
¥.6
¥.6

.3
.4
¥.9
.9
1.2
¥.2
¥2.3
¥.5

¥.1
¥.3
¥.3
.2
¥.1
¥.3
0
¥.2

0
1.1
¥3.7
4.8
6.1
¥2.5
¥10.9
¥2.4

.6
.5
.4
.4
.3
.4
.1
.5

3.9
¥.2
¥2.1
1.8
3.1
¥.9
¥5.6
¥1.9

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
fuels—gas (piped), electricity, fuel oil, etc.—and motor fuel. Motor oil, coolant,
etc., excluded beginning 1983.
2 Household

24

3 Quarterly

.3
.3
.2
.2
.1
.3
.2
.2

..........
..........
4.2
..........
..........
3.0
..........
..........

changes are shown in the last month of the quarter.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

PRICES RECEIVED AND PAID BY FARMERS
In September, prices received by farmers fell 2.8 percent while prices paid by farmers rose 0.8 percent. (Data
are not seasonally adjusted.)

[1990–92=100; not seasonally adjusted]
Prices received by farmers
Period

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

All farm
products

Prices paid by farmers
Livestock and
products

Crops

All commodities,
services, interest,
taxes, and wage
rates 1

Production
items, interest,
taxes, and wage
rates

Production
items

Ratio 2

...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
...............................
..............................
..............................
...............................
..............................

100
98
101
100
102
112
107
102
96
96

101
101
102
105
112
127
115
107
96
96

99
97
100
95
92
99
98
97
95
97

100
101
104
106
109
115
118
115
115
120

100
101
103
106
108
115
118
114
113
118

100
101
104
106
108
115
119
113
111
116

99
97
97
94
93
98
90
89
83
80

2000: Sept ...................
Oct .....................
Nov ....................
Dec ....................

97
93
98
99

97
91
96
97

98
97
99
101

120
121
122
122

118
119
120
121

116
117
118
119

81
77
80
81

2001: Jan ....................
Feb ....................
Mar ....................
Apr ....................
May ....................
June ...................
July ....................
Aug .....................
Sept ....................

96
99
103
105
108
107
107
109
106

93
97
98
102
105
101
102
107
103

100
102
108
108
110
112
112
111
111

125
124
124
124
124
124
123
123
124

123
123
122
122
122
122
122
r 122
122

121
121
120
120
120
120
120
r 120
120

77
80
83
85
87
86
87
89
85

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
ratio of index of prices received by farmers to index of prices paid, interest,
taxes, and wage rates.
2 Percentage

NOTE.—The official indexes are published on a 1910—14 base as required by law. The indexes have been converted to a 1990—92=100 base to facilitate comparison with other indexes.
Source: Department of Agriculture.

25

MONEY, CREDIT, AND SECURITY MARKETS
MONEY STOCK AND DEBT MEASURES
In August, M2 rose; M3 fell.

[Averages of daily figures, except debt; billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]
M1

M2

M3

Debt

M2 plus large
time deposits,
RPs, Eurodollars, and
institutional MMMF
balances

Debt of
domestic
nonfinancial
sectors
(monthly
average of
adjacent
month-end
levels)1

Percent change from year or 6
months earlier2

Sum of currency,
demand deposits,
travelers’ checks,
and other
checkable deposits (OCDs)

M1 plus retail
MMMF balances,
savings deposits
(including
MMDAs), and
small time deposits

........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................

895.9
1,024.0
1,129.2
1,149.8
1,126.2
1,080.5
1,073.4
1,097.0
1,124.8
1,088.2

3,376.6
3,430.7
3,484.3
3,498.8
3,641.9
3,814.8
4,031.9
4,385.9
4,653.3
4,945.1

4,204.2
4,215.0
4,277.4
4,359.8
4,625.1
4,971.3
5,430.8
6,027.8
6,527.9
7,108.4

11,299.5
11,823.7
12,407.6
12,988.4
13,694.9
r 14,432.9
r 15,226.1
r 16,261.3
r 17,335.2
r 18,249.9

8.7
14.3
10.3
1.8
¥2.1
¥4.1
¥.7
2.2
2.5
¥3.3

3.0
1.6
1.6
.4
4.1
4.7
5.7
8.8
6.1
6.3

1.3
.3
1.5
1.9
6.1
7.5
9.2
11.0
8.3
8.9

4.4
4.6
4.9
4.7
5.4
5.4
5.5
r 6.8
6.6
r 5.3

2000: July .......................................................
Aug .......................................................
Sept ......................................................
Oct ........................................................
Nov .......................................................
Dec ........................................................

1,103.4
1,099.4
1,096.0
1,096.1
1,087.2
1,088.2

4,807.9
4,838.0
4,870.0
4,891.4
4,906.8
4,945.1

6,857.5
6,917.7
6,971.4
6,995.7
7,023.7
7,108.4

r 17,900.6

r ¥3.5

¥1.8
¥3.2
¥3.9
¥3.5
¥3.1

5.7
6.3
6.3
5.5
5.9
6.6

8.8
9.5
8.9
8.0
7.9
8.8

r 5.7

r 17,962.7

2001: Jan ........................................................
Feb ........................................................
Mar .......................................................
Apr r ......................................................
May r ......................................................
June r .....................................................
July r ......................................................
Aug ........................................................

1,099.5
1,100.2
1,112.8
1,117.6
1,116.9
1,122.7
1,135.4
1,142.9

4,995.2
5,040.3
5,100.7
5,146.3
5,170.7
5,214.2
5,252.6
5,284.9

7,210.1
7,281.7
7,351.9
7,468.7
7,555.8
7,637.3
7,677.9
7,673.9

r 18,300.3

¥.7
.1
3.1
3.9
5.5
6.3
6.5
7.8

7.8
8.4
9.5
10.4
10.8
10.9
10.3
9.7

10.3
10.5
10.9
13.5
15.2
14.9
13.0
10.8

Period

1991:
1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

1 Consists of outstanding credit market debt of the U.S. Government, State and local governments, and private nonfinancial sectors; data derived from flow of funds accounts.
2 Annual changes are from December to December and monthly changes are from 6 months
earlier at a simple annual rate.

26

r 18,041.1
r 18,090.6
r 18,166.6
r 18,249.9

r 18,380.7
r 18,474.2

18,552.4
18,651.0
18,747.1
p 18,796.2
......................

M1

NOTE.—See p. 27 for components.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

M2

M3

Debt

r 5.7
r 5.3
r 4.7
r 4.7

4.7
4.5
4.7
r 4.8

5.1
5.3
5.4
5.4
............

COMPONENTS OF MONEY STOCK
[Averages of daily figures; billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]

Period

1991:
1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

Currency

Nonbank
travelers
checks

Demand
deposits

Other
checkable
deposits
(OCDs)

Savings
deposits,
including
money
market
deposit
accounts
(MMDAs)

Money market
mutual fund
balances

Small
denomination
time
deposits 1

Institutional

Retail

Large
denomination
time
deposits 1

Overnight
and term Overnight
repurand term
chase
Euroagreedollars
ments
(net)
(RPs)
(net)

............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................

267.1
292.2
321.6
354.0
372.0
393.9
424.3
459.2
516.7
529.9

7.1
7.6
7.5
8.0
8.5
8.3
8.1
8.2
8.2
8.0

289.4
339.9
385.5
383.7
389.2
402.3
395.4
379.4
356.1
311.3

332.3
384.4
414.7
404.1
356.5
276.0
245.7
250.1
243.7
239.0

1,043.8
1,186.5
1,219.3
1,149.8
1,134.1
1,271.0
1,397.9
1,599.9
1,736.3
1,873.5

1,065.6
868.1
782.0
816.3
931.5
947.0
968.4
952.2
956.1
1,046.2

371.3
352.0
353.7
382.8
450.1
516.3
592.1
736.8
836.2
937.2

189.3
213.0
215.6
208.0
261.6
320.1
391.8
531.8
623.5
769.3

414.9
350.2
332.1
370.5
429.5
511.8
602.9
663.9
739.6
829.7

131.1
141.6
172.6
196.3
198.4
210.4
254.3
294.5
338.2
367.2

92.3
79.5
72.8
86.2
93.8
114.2
150.0
151.8
173.3
197.1

2000: Aug ............................................
Sept ...........................................
Oct .............................................
Nov ............................................
Dec ............................................

523.5
524.7
526.3
527.6
529.9

9.3
8.9
8.4
8.0
8.0

326.1
323.2
321.4
313.5
311.3

240.5
239.2
240.1
238.1
239.0

1,816.9
1,838.4
1,845.7
1,857.7
1,873.5

1,023.4
1,028.8
1,033.6
1,039.3
1,046.2

898.3
906.8
916.0
922.6
937.2

721.7
738.9
745.4
753.6
769.3

807.3
806.4
802.6
807.2
829.7

361.1
363.6
364.3
361.2
367.2

189.6
192.5
191.9
194.9
197.1

2001: Jan ...........................................
Feb ............................................
Mar ............................................
Apr ............................................
May ...........................................
June ..........................................
July ...........................................
Aug ...........................................

534.5
537.7
539.8
542.4
545.8
548.1
553.7
562.4

8.1
8.0
7.9
7.8
8.0
8.2
8.6
8.8

315.0
313.1
316.1
312.4
311.7
310.0
312.7
314.4

241.9
241.5
249.1
255.0
r 251.4
r 256.4
r 260.2
257.4

1,890.0
1,929.7
1,962.9
1,992.6
2,028.5
r 2,063.1
r 2,088.8
2,131.4

1,052.5
1,050.3
1,045.1
1,041.5
1,040.4
1,033.7
1,022.1
1,013.0

953.2
960.1
979.8
994.6
984.8
994.7
1,006.4
997.6

802.3
860.2
889.4
921.0
972.7
1,008.5
1,015.3
997.6

846.4
811.5
784.2
807.1
817.1
821.9
816.7
804.5

364.9
356.8
351.6
374.2
377.5
378.0
374.1
370.3

201.3
212.9
226.1
r 220.1
r 217.8
r 214.8
r 219.3
216.6

1 Small denomination and large denomination deposits are those issued in amounts of less
than $100,000 and more than $100,000, respectively.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

AGGREGATE RESERVES AND MONETARY BASE
[Averages of daily figures 1; millions of dollars; seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Adjusted for changes in reserve requirements

Borrowings of depository institutions from the Federal
Reserve (NSA)

Reserves of depository institutions
Period
Total

1991:
1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

Nonborrowed

Nonborrowed
plus
extended
credit

Required

Monetary
base

Total

Seasonal

Extended
credit

...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................
...........................................................................

45,493
54,391
60,532
59,420
56,452
50,154
46,848
45,183
41,778
38,507

45,301
54,267
60,450
59,211
56,195
49,999
46,524
45,066
41,457
38,297

45,302
54,268
60,450
59,211
56,195
49,999
46,524
45,066
41,457
38,297

44,504
53,237
59,463
58,261
55,162
48,738
45,164
43,669
40,480
37,182

317,549
350,840
386,510
418,166
434,307
451,712
479,466
513,489
593,094
583,958

192
124
82
209
257
155
324
117
320
210

38
18
31
100
40
68
79
15
67
111

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2000: Sept ..........................................................................
Oct ............................................................................
Nov ...........................................................................
Dec ...........................................................................

39,386
39,021
39,023
38,507

38,908
38,602
38,739
38,297

38,908
38,602
38,739
38,297

38,267
37,874
37,821
37,182

578,335
579,696
581,395
583,958

477
418
283
210

427
299
159
111

0
0
0
0

2001: Jan ...........................................................................
Feb ..........................................................................
Mar ..........................................................................
Apr ...........................................................................
May ..........................................................................
June .........................................................................
July r .........................................................................
Aug r .........................................................................
Sept p ........................................................................

38,827
38,867
38,258
38,788
38,888
38,774
39,600
39,895
57,952

38,754
38,815
38,200
38,737
38,675
38,545
39,317
39,712
54,567

38,754
38,815
38,200
38,737
38,675
38,545
39,317
39,712
54,567

37,574
37,434
36,873
37,511
37,869
37,414
38,194
38,660
38,803

589,387
591,117
592,420
595,925
599,089
601,882
607,683
615,392
640,228

73
51
58
51
213
229
283
183
3,385

34
21
20
35
79
120
174
164
93

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1 Data

are prorated averages of biweekly (maintenance period) averages of daily figures.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

27

BANK CREDIT AT ALL COMMERCIAL BANKS
Total commercial bank loans and leases fell 0.5 percent in August; commercial and industrial loans fell 0.7 percent.

[Billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted 1]
Securities in bank credit

Period

Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Aug r .........
Sept r .........
Oct r ..........
Nov r .........
Dec r ..........
2001: Jan r ..........
Feb r ..........
Mar r .........
Apr r ..........
May r .........
June r ........
July r .........
Aug ...........
1991:
1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2000:

Total
bank
credit

2,856.0
2,954.6
3,112.8
3,318.5
3,601.3
3,757.2
4,098.6
4,537.3
4,776.0
5,212.4
5,101.6
5,153.7
5,139.6
5,160.3
5,212.4
5,259.6
5,269.5
5,281.0
5,316.4
5,322.1
5,315.4
5,311.9
5,324.7

Total
securities

U.S.
Treasury
and
agency
securities

746.4
842.7
916.8
941.3
985.3
978.9
1,086.5
1,227.6
1,278.3
1,335.4
1,315.6
1,331.4
1,315.3
1,311.1
1,335.4
1,356.7
1,350.9
1,345.7
1,364.0
1,370.7
1,379.8
1,385.7
1,418.3

566.4
665.9
732.2
723.5
702.9
699.7
748.7
793.1
809.8
788.1
810.2
804.3
793.9
785.7
788.1
785.3
776.2
757.1
763.4
765.9
763.9
771.3
782.7

Loans and leases in bank credit
Real estate

Other
Total loans Commersecurities and leases 2 cial and
industrial

180.1
176.8
184.6
217.8
282.4
279.2
337.7
434.5
468.5
547.4
505.5
527.1
521.4
525.4
547.4
571.4
574.7
588.6
600.6
604.8
615.9
614.4
635.6

2,109.6
2,112.0
2,196.0
2,377.2
2,616.0
2,778.3
3,012.1
3,309.7
3,497.7
3,877.0
3,786.0
3,822.3
3,824.3
3,849.2
3,877.0
3,902.9
3,918.6
3,935.2
3,952.4
3,951.4
3,935.6
3,926.3
3,906.4

1 Data are prorated averages of Wednesday values for domestically chartered commercial
banks, branches and agencies of foreign banks, New York State investment companies (through
September 1996), and Edge Act and agreement corporations. Data are adjusted for breaks
caused by reclassifications of assets and liabilities.

28

623.0
599.3
589.6
649.5
723.9
787.5
855.6
949.6
1,003.1
1,088.6
1,077.2
1,079.9
1,081.0
1,084.0
1,088.6
1,101.5
1,106.5
1,104.3
1,098.6
1,094.1
1,075.7
1,064.8
1,057.3

Total

884.0
906.4
947.7
1,011.0
1,089.5
1,141.3
1,246.8
1,337.5
1,475.4
1,655.8
1,623.9
1,636.1
1,638.1
1,649.8
1,655.8
1,659.6
1,670.7
1,679.0
1,689.2
1,700.4
1,703.5
1,709.6
1,704.9

Revolving
home
equity

74.3
78.4
78.0
80.4
84.4
90.6
104.7
103.8
101.5
129.8
119.9
121.0
123.8
126.6
129.8
132.2
133.9
135.8
137.2
138.6
139.7
141.3
142.7

Consumer

Security

Other

Other

809.7
828.0
869.8
930.6
1,005.2
1,050.7
1,142.1
1,233.8
1,373.9
1,526.1
1,504.0
1,515.1
1,514.3
1,523.2
1,526.1
1,527.4
1,536.8
1,543.2
1,552.0
1,561.8
1,563.8
1,568.2
1,562.3

363.7
355.9
387.2
447.5
490.7
512.0
501.8
496.8
491.2
537.6
523.1
526.8
526.1
532.4
537.6
542.0
541.2
540.1
549.3
553.0
550.8
548.7
546.9

53.7
63.0
86.4
75.8
83.0
75.1
93.9
143.8
147.4
171.8
153.3
168.4
163.9
165.2
171.8
169.9
168.2
174.1
179.5
167.9
171.8
169.7
169.9

185.2
187.4
185.1
193.4
228.8
262.3
313.9
382.0
380.6
423.1
408.5
411.1
415.1
417.8
423.1
429.9
432.0
437.7
435.7
436.0
433.8
433.5
427.4

2 Excludes Federal funds sold to, reverse repurchase agreements (RPs) with, and loans to
commercial banks in the United States.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

SOURCES AND USES OF FUNDS, NONFARM NONFINANCIAL CORPORATE
BUSINESS
[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Sources

Uses
External

Funds raised in markets
Period
Total

1991 r
1992 r
1993 r
1994 r
1995 r
1996 r
1997 r
1998 r
1999 r
2000 r
1999:

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
I r ............
II r ..........
III r .........
IV r .........
2000: I r ............
II r ..........
III r .........
IV r .........
2001: I r ............
II p ..........

514.6
626.7
728.6
808.2
1,010.7
1,074.5
1,011.1
1,335.5
1,475.4
1,493.4
1,518.2
1,422.2
1,525.6
1,435.5
1,721.2
1,585.8
1,499.6
1,166.9
1,112.8
1,043.0

Internal 1

447.5
465.4
510.7
566.6
619.9
676.0
727.6
714.5
749.9
794.4
750.2
745.7
735.4
768.2
773.1
799.4
814.3
790.7
760.1
747.4

Credit market instruments
Total

67.1
161.3
217.9
241.6
390.8
398.5
283.5
621.0
725.5
699.0
768.0
676.5
790.2
667.3
948.1
786.4
685.3
376.2
352.7
295.6

Total

Total
net
funds
raised

Net new
equity
issues

Total

¥35.4
51.6
55.7
79.7
166.5
114.2
186.9
127.8
305.7
270.9
536.8
2.2
349.5
334.5
548.9
305.6
235.2
¥6.3
194.3
312.9

18.3
27.0
21.3
¥44.9
¥58.3
¥69.5
¥114.4
¥267.0
¥143.5
¥166.6
¥52.1
¥338.4
¥128.4
¥55.0
61.2
¥245.2
¥87.7
¥394.8
¥33.9
¥35.2

¥53.7
24.6
34.4
124.6
224.9
183.7
301.3
394.8
449.2
437.5
588.9
340.6
477.9
389.5
487.7
550.8
322.9
388.5
228.2
348.1

1 Profits before tax (book) less profit tax accruals and dividends plus consumption of fixed
capital, foreign earnings retained abroad, and inventory valuation adjustment.
2 Includes tax liabilities, trade debt, pension fund liabilities, and direct foreign investment in
the U.S.

Securities
and mortgages
63.2
34.5
56.7
30.3
100.0
125.9
188.1
241.3
301.3
239.4
337.5
354.5
274.9
238.1
257.0
211.2
238.1
251.0
458.9
513.2

Loans
and
shortterm
paper
¥117.0
¥9.9
¥22.2
94.3
124.9
58.0
113.3
153.5
148.0
198.2
251.3
¥13.9
203.0
151.4
230.8
339.6
84.8
137.5
¥230.6
¥165.1

Other 2

102.5
109.7
162.2
162.0
224.3
284.3
96.5
493.1
419.8
428.1
231.2
674.3
440.7
332.8
399.2
480.7
450.1
382.5
158.4
¥17.3

514.0
607.2
853.1
862.2
1,084.0
1,091.0
928.9
1,415.7
1,572.8
1,578.1
1,643.7
1,503.8
1,637.7
1,506.1
1,816.8
1,683.3
1,571.5
1,241.0
1,149.5
1,075.8

Capital
expenditures 3

431.7
462.1
520.5
587.4
660.4
687.7
778.6
845.1
934.4
1,002.1
915.9
916.9
930.9
974.1
964.9
1,012.1
1,030.5
1,001.1
946.3
898.8

Increase
in financial assets

82.3
145.1
332.6
274.8
423.6
403.3
150.3
570.6
638.4
576.0
727.8
586.9
706.8
532.0
851.9
671.2
541.0
239.9
203.2
177.0

Discrepancy
(sources
less
uses)

0.7
19.4
¥124.5
¥53.9
¥73.2
¥16.6
82.1
¥80.3
¥97.5
¥84.8
¥125.5
¥81.6
¥112.1
¥70.6
¥95.6
¥97.5
¥71.9
¥74.1
¥36.7
¥32.7

3 Plant and equipment, residential structures, inventory investment, and access rights from
U.S. Government.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

CONSUMER CREDIT
[Billions of dollars; seasonally adjusted]

Consumer credit outstanding (end of period)
Period
Total

1991:
1992:
1993:
1994:
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2000:

Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Aug ..............................................................................
Sept ..............................................................................
Oct ................................................................................
Nov ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
2001: Jan ...............................................................................
Feb ...............................................................................
Mar ..............................................................................
Apr ...............................................................................
May ..............................................................................
June .............................................................................
July r .............................................................................
Aug p .............................................................................

777.1
782.2
838.8
960.4
1,095.8
1,182.6
1,234.5
1,301.0
1,393.7
1,531.5
1,484.0
1,492.6
1,509.4
1,525.1
1,531.5
1,548.8
1,563.7
1,571.0
1,584.4
1,591.0
1,589.2
1,588.6
1,590.9

1 Change based on data in billions of dollar as shown here. For year-end data, change from
preceding year-end; for monthly data, change from preceding month.
2 Includes automobile loans and all other loans not included in revolving credit, such as loans
for mobile homes, education, boats, trailers, or vacations. These loans may be secured or unsecured.

Revolving

263.8
278.4
309.9
365.6
443.1
499.4
531.2
560.5
595.6
663.8
645.4
649.5
654.9
661.0
663.8
669.7
682.6
689.7
696.4
699.0
700.3
701.4
702.6

Nonrevolving 2

513.3
503.7
528.8
594.9
652.7
683.1
703.3
740.5
798.0
867.6
838.6
843.1
854.5
864.1
867.6
879.2
881.1
881.3
888.0
891.9
888.9
887.3
888.3

Net change in consumer credit outstanding 1
Total

¥12.0
5.1
56.6
121.6
135.4
86.8
51.9
66.5
92.7
137.8
13.3
8.6
16.8
15.7
6.4
17.3
14.9
7.3
13.4
6.6
¥1.8
¥.6
2.3

Revolving

25.2
14.6
31.5
55.7
77.5
56.3
31.8
29.3
35.1
68.2
6.9
4.1
5.4
6.1
2.8
5.9
12.9
7.1
6.7
2.6
1.3
1.1
1.2

Nonrevolving 2

¥37.2
¥9.6
25.1
66.1
57.8
30.4
20.2
37.2
57.5
69.6
6.4
4.5
11.4
9.6
3.5
11.6
1.9
.2
6.7
3.9
¥3.0
¥1.6
1.0

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

29

INTEREST RATES AND BOND YIELDS
Short-term interest rates fell in September.

[Percent per annum]
U.S. Treasury security yields
Constant
Period

1991 .......................
1992 .......................
1993 .......................
1994 .......................
1995 .......................
1996 .......................
1997 .......................
1998 .......................
1999 .......................
2000 .......................
2000: Sept .............
Oct ..............
Nov .............
Dec .............
2001: Jan .............
Feb .............
Mar .............
Apr ..............
May .............
June ............
July .............
Aug .............
Sept .............
Week ended:
2001: Sept 15 ......
22 ......
29 ......
Oct
6 ......
1 Bank-discount

3-month
bills (new
issues) 1

3-year

maturities 2

10-year

30-year

Highgrade
municipal
bonds
(Standard
&
Poor’s) 3

Corporate
Aaa
bonds
(Moody’s)

30

Discount
rate (N.Y.
F.R. Bank) 4

Prime rate
charged by
banks 4

Federal
funds
rate 5

Newhome
mortgage
yields
(FHFB) 6

5.42
3.45
3.02
4.29
5.51
5.02
5.07
4.81
4.66
5.85
6.00
6.10
6.19
5.83
5.27
4.93
4.50
3.92
3.67
3.48
3.54
3.39
2.87

6.82
5.30
4.44
6.27
6.25
5.99
6.10
5.14
5.49
6.22
6.02
5.85
5.79
5.26
4.77
4.71
4.43
4.42
4.51
4.35
4.31
4.04
3.45

7.86
7.01
5.87
7.09
6.57
6.44
6.35
5.26
5.65
6.03
5.80
5.74
5.72
5.24
5.16
5.10
4.89
5.14
5.39
5.28
5.24
4.97
4.73

8.14
7.67
6.59
7.37
6.88
6.71
6.61
5.58
5.87
5.94
5.83
5.80
5.78
5.49
5.54
5.45
5.34
5.65
5.78
5.67
5.61
5.48
5.48

6.89
6.41
5.63
6.19
5.95
5.75
5.55
5.12
5.43
5.77
5.64
5.65
5.60
5.30
5.15
5.21
5.19
5.33
5.35
5.24
5.22
5.06
5.09

8.77
8.14
7.22
7.96
7.59
7.37
7.26
6.53
7.04
7.62
7.62
7.55
7.45
7.21
7.15
7.10
6.98
7.20
7.29
7.18
7.13
7.02
7.17

5.85
3.80
3.30
4.93
5.93
5.42
5.62
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

5.45
3.25
3.00
3.60
5.21
5.02
5.00
4.92
4.62
5.73
6.00–6.00
6.00–6.00
6.00–6.00
6.00–6.00
6.00–5.00
5.00–5.00
5.00–4.50
4.50–4.00
4.00–3.50
3.50–3.25
3.25–3.25
3.25–3.00
3.00–2.50

8.46
6.25
6.00
7.15
8.83
8.27
8.44
8.35
8.00
9.23
9.50–9.50
9.50–9.50
9.50–9.50
9.50–9.50
9.50–9.00
8.50–8.50
8.50–8.00
8.00–7.50
7.50–7.00
7.00–6.75
6.75–6.75
6.75–6.50
6.50–6.00

5.69
3.52
3.02
4.21
5.83
5.30
5.46
5.35
4.97
6.24
6.52
6.51
6.51
6.40
5.98
5.49
5.31
4.80
4.21
3.97
3.77
3.65
3.07

9.32
8.24
7.20
7.49
7.87
7.80
7.71
7.07
7.04
7.52
7.52
7.53
7.47
7.40
7.20
7.10
7.04
7.07
7.12
7.12
7.11
7.15
..............

3.18
2.56
2.38
2.32

3.44
3.27
3.22
3.14

4.68
4.70
4.66
4.53

5.39
5.55
5.51
5.33

5.03
5.10
5.20
5.06

7.00
7.34
7.27
7.06

*
*
*
*

3.00–3.00
3.00–2.50
2.50–2.50
2.50–2.00

6.50–6.50
6.50–6.00
6.00–6.00
6.00–5.50

3.49
2.47
2.99
2.71

..............
..............
..............
..............

basis.
on the more actively traded issues adjusted to constant maturities by the Treasury
Department.
3 Weekly data are Wednesday figures.
4 Average effective rate for year; opening and closing rate for month and week.
5 Daily effective rate; average of the rates on a given day weighted by the volume of transactions at these rates.
2 Yields

Prime
commercial
paper,
6
months 1

6 Effective rate (in the primary market) on conventional mortgages, reflecting fees and
charges as well as contract rate and assumed, on the average, repayment at end of 10 years.
*Series no longer published by Federal Reserve (FR). See FR release H. 15 Selected Interest
Rates, May 12, 1997.
Sources: Department of the Treasury, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,
Federal Housing Finance Board, Moody’s Investors Service, and Standard & Poor’s.

COMMON STOCK PRICES AND YIELDS
Stock prices fell in September.

Common stock prices 1
Period

New York Stock Exchange indexes (Dec. 31, 1965=50,
except as noted) 2
Composite

1991 .....................................
1992 .....................................
1993 .....................................
1994 .....................................
1995 .....................................
1996 .....................................
1997 .....................................
1998 .....................................
1999 .....................................
2000 .....................................
2000: Sept ..........................
Oct ............................
Nov ...........................
Dec ...........................
2001: Jan ...........................
Feb ...........................
Mar ...........................
Apr ...........................
May ..........................
June .........................
July ..........................
Aug ...........................
Sept ..........................
Week ended:
2001: Sept 15* .................
22 ....................
29 ....................
Oct
6 ....................
1 Average
3 Dec.

Dow Jones
industrial
average 4

Nasdaq composite index
(Feb. 5,
1971=100) 6

Dividendprice ratio

Earningsprice ratio

Industrial

Transportation

206.33
229.01
249.58
254.12
291.15
358.17
456.54
550.26
619.16
643.66
667.05
646.53
646.64
645.44
650.55
648.05
603.44
607.06
644.44
630.86
613.36
604.52
544.39

258.14
284.62
299.99
315.25
367.34
453.98
574.52
681.57
774.78
810.63
829.99
803.88
800.88
792.66
796.74
799.38
744.21
747.48
798.94
782.73
756.04
748.65
672.89

173.99
201.09
242.49
247.29
269.41
327.33
414.60
468.69
491.60
413.60
404.23
401.37
434.92
439.97
471.21
482.26
452.36
455.22
477.21
458.60
469.80
458.39
382.68

185.32
198.91
228.90
209.06
220.30
249.77
283.82
378.12
473.73
477.65
464.66
453.68
455.66
444.16
440.36
424.53
395.34
400.49
414.69
382.98
374.11
357.76
339.72

150.82
179.26
216.42
209.73
238.45
303.89
424.48
516.35
530.86
553.13
616.89
596.53
600.45
621.62
634.17
626.41
583.38
587.88
618.74
622.17
614.54
605.59
538.01

2,929.33
3,284.29
3,522.06
3,793.77
4,493.76
5,742.89
7,441.15
8,625.52
10,464.88
10,734.90
10,967.87
10,440.96
10,666.06
10,652.41
10,682.74
10,774.57
10,081.32
10,234.52
11,004.96
10,767.20
10,444.50
10,314.68
9,042.56

376.18
415.74
451.41
460.42
541.72
670.50
873.43
1,085.50
1,327.33
1,427.22
1,468.05
1,390.14
1,375.04
1,330.93
1,335.63
1,305.75
1,185.85
1,189.84
1,270.37
1,238.71
1,204.45
1,178.51
1,044.64

491.69
599.26
715.16
751.65
925.19
1,164.96
1,469.49
1,794.91
2,728.15
3,783.67
3,875.82
3,333.82
3,055.42
2,657.81
2,656.86
2,449.57
1,986.66
1,933.93
2,181.13
2,112.05
2,033.98
1,929.71
1,573.31

3.24
2.99
2.78
2.82
2.56
2.19
1.77
1.49
1.25
1.15
1.10
1.15
1.16
1.19
1.16
1.22
1.33
1.32
1.23
1.26
1.30
1.34
1.48

4.79
4.22
4.46
5.83
6.09
5.24
4.57
3.46
3.17
3.63
3.74
..................
..................
3.79
..................
..................
3.92
..................
..................
r 3.00
..................
..................
..................

568.08
525.62
529.62
551.24

703.14
648.88
650.23
677.01

432.42
349.80
352.34
367.26

343.14
338.73
338.12
347.60

557.41
514.84
530.89
555.28

9,605.51
8,639.05
8,672.04
9,018.37

1,092.54
1,007.59
1,016.46
1,060.63

1,695.38
1,511.31
1,484.92
1,551.24

1.43
1.54
1.56
1.46

..................
..................
..................
..................

Utility 3

of daily closing prices.
all the stocks (more than 3,500) listed on the NYSE.
31, 1965=100. Effective April 27, 1993 the NYSE doubled the value of the utility
index to facilitate trading of options and futures on the index. All indexes shown here reflect
the doubling.
4 Includes 30 stocks.
5 Includes 500 stocks.
2 Includes

Common stock yields
(percent) 7
Standard &
Poor’s composite index
(1941–
43=10) 5

Finance

6 Includes

over 5,000 stocks.
& Poor’s series. Dividend-price ratios based on Wednesday closing prices. Earnings-price ratios based on prices at end of quarter.
*Data for week of September 15, 2001 are close on September 10, 2001.
Sources: New York Stock Exchange, Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Standard & Poor’s, and
the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc.
7 Standard

31

FEDERAL FINANCE
FEDERAL RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND DEBT
In the first 11 months of fiscal 2001, there was a surplus of $91.8 billion, compared with a surplus of $171.2 billion
a year earlier.

[Billions of dollars]
Total

On-budget

Off-budget

Receipts

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Receipts

666.5
734.1
769.2
854.4
909.3
991.2
1,032.0
1,055.0
1,091.3
1,154.4
1,258.6
1,351.8
1,453.1
1,579.3
1,721.8
1,827.5
2,025.2
2,012.7

851.9
946.4
990.5
1,004.1
1,064.5
1,143.7
1,253.2
1,324.4
1,381.7
1,409.5
1,461.9
1,515.8
1,560.6
1,601.3
1,652.6
1,702.9
1,788.8
1,854.9

¥185.4
¥212.3
¥221.2
¥149.8
¥155.2
¥152.5
¥221.2
¥269.4
¥290.4
¥255.1
¥203.3
¥164.0
¥107.5
¥22.0
69.2
124.6
236.4
157.8

500.4
547.9
569.0
641.0
667.8
727.5
750.3
761.2
788.9
842.5
923.6
1,000.8
1,085.6
1,187.3
1,306.0
1,383.0
1,544.6
1,510.6

686.1
769.6
807.0
810.3
861.8
932.8
1,028.1
1,082.7
1,129.3
1,142.9
1,182.5
1,227.2
1,259.7
1,290.7
1,336.0
1,382.1
1,458.1
1,508.7

¥185.7
¥221.7
¥238.0
¥169.3
¥194.0
¥205.2
¥277.8
¥321.6
¥340.5
¥300.5
¥258.9
¥226.4
¥174.1
¥103.4
¥30.0
.9
86.6
1.9

166.1
186.2
200.2
213.4
241.5
263.7
281.7
293.9
302.4
311.9
335.0
351.1
367.5
392.0
415.8
444.5
480.6
502.1

165.8
176.8
183.5
193.8
202.7
210.9
225.1
241.7
252.3
266.6
279.4
288.7
300.9
310.6
316.6
320.8
330.8
346.2

0.3
9.4
16.7
19.6
38.8
52.8
56.6
52.2
50.1
45.3
55.7
62.4
66.6
81.4
99.2
123.7
149.8
155.9

1,564.7
1,817.5
2,120.6
2,346.1
2,601.3
2,868.0
3,206.6
3,598.5
4,002.1
4,351.4
4,643.7
4,921.0
5,181.9
5,369.7
5,478.7
5,606.1
5,629.0
5,753.5

1,307.0
1,507.4
1,740.8
1,889.9
2,051.8
2,191.0
2,411.8
2,689.3
3,000.1
3,248.8
3,433.4
3,604.8
3,734.5
3,772.8
3,721.6
3,632.9
3,410.1
3,300.0

1,805.6
1,831.7

1,634.4
1,739.9

171.2
91.8

1,367.8
1,366.1

1,342.5
1,405.1

25.2
¥39.0

437.8
465.6

291.9
334.8

145.9
130.8

5,631.8
5,728.1

3,442.6
3,318.0

Fiscal year or period

1984 ...........................................
1985 ...........................................
1986 ...........................................
1987 ...........................................
1988 ...........................................
1989 ...........................................
1990 ...........................................
1991 ...........................................
1992 ...........................................
1993 ...........................................
1994 ...........................................
1995 ...........................................
1996 ...........................................
1997 ...........................................
1998 ...........................................
1999 ...........................................
2000 ...........................................
2001 (estimates) .......................
Cumulative total, first 11
months: 1
Fiscal year 2000 ................
Fiscal year 2001 ................

1 Data from current issue Monthly Treasury Statement.
NOTE.—Data for fiscal 2001 are from Mid-Session Review, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2002, issued August 22, 2001. Other data (except as noted) are from
Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2002, issued April 9, 2001.

32

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Federal debt (end of
period)

Receipts

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Gross
Federal

Sources: Department of the Treasury and Office of Management and Budget.

Held by
the public

FEDERAL RECEIPTS BY SOURCE AND
OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION
In the first 11 months of fiscal 2001, receipts were $26.1 billion higher than a year earlier and outlays were $105.5
billion higher.

[Billions of dollars]
On-budget and off-budget receipts

Fiscal year or period
Total

Individual
income
taxes

Corporation
income
taxes

Social
insurance
and
retirement
receipts

On-budget and off-budget outlays
National defense
Other

Total

1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................

666.5
734.1
769.2
854.4
909.3
991.2

298.4
334.5
349.0
392.6
401.2
445.7

56.9
61.3
63.1
83.9
94.5
103.3

239.4
265.2
283.9
303.3
334.3
359.4

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................
...................................................

1,032.0
1,055.0
1,091.3
1,154.4
1,258.6
1,351.8
1,453.1
1,579.3
1,721.8
1,827.5

466.9
467.8
476.0
509.7
543.1
590.2
656.4
737.5
828.6
879.5

93.5
98.1
100.3
117.5
140.4
157.0
171.8
182.3
188.7
184.7

380.0
396.0
413.7
428.3
461.5
484.5
509.4
539.4
571.8
611.8

91.5
93.1
101.4
98.9
113.7
120.1
115.4
120.2
132.7
151.5

2000 ...................................................
2001 (estimates) ...............................

2,025.2 1,004.5
2,012.7 1,014.3

207.3
155.4

Cumulative total, first 11 months: 1
Fiscal year 2000 ............................
Fiscal year 2001 ............................

1,805.6
1,831.7

163.9
143.6

900.1
913.1

Total

71.8
851.9
73.1
946.4
73.2
990.5
74.6 1,004.1
79.3 1,064.5
82.8 1,143.7

InterDepart- nationment of
al
Defense, affairs
military

Health

Medicare

Income Social
security security

Net
interest

Other

227.4
252.7
273.4
282.0
290.4
303.6

220.9
245.2
265.5
274.0
281.9
294.9

15.9
16.2
14.2
11.6
10.5
9.6

30.4
33.5
35.9
40.0
44.5
48.4

57.5
65.8
70.2
75.1
78.9
85.0

112.7
128.2
119.8
123.3
129.4
136.1

178.2
188.6
198.8
207.4
219.3
232.5

111.1
129.5
136.0
138.7
151.8
169.0

118.6
131.8
142.2
126.1
139.7
159.5

1,253.2
1,324.4
1,381.7
1,409.5
1,461.9
1,515.8
1,560.6
1,601.3
1,652.6
1,702.9

299.3
273.3
298.4
291.1
281.6
272.1
265.8
270.5
268.5
274.9

289.8
262.4
286.9
278.6
268.6
259.4
253.2
258.3
256.1
261.4

13.8
15.9
16.1
17.2
17.1
16.4
13.5
15.2
13.1
15.2

57.7
71.2
89.5
99.4
107.1
115.4
119.4
123.8
131.4
141.1

98.1
104.5
119.0
130.6
144.7
159.9
174.2
190.0
192.8
190.4

147.1
170.3
197.0
207.3
214.1
220.5
226.0
230.9
233.2
237.7

248.6
269.0
287.6
304.6
319.6
335.8
349.7
365.3
379.2
390.0

184.4
194.5
199.4
198.7
203.0
232.2
241.1
244.0
241.2
229.7

204.2
225.8
174.7
160.6
174.7
163.6
171.0
161.5
193.2
223.8

652.9
689.4

160.6 1,788.8
153.6 1,854.9

294.5
303.6

281.2
288.3

17.2
16.6

154.5
173.8

197.1
217.4

247.9
265.1

409.4
433.5

223.2
204.2

244.9
240.7

596.6
637.8

145.1 1,634.4
137.2 1,739.9

265.6
280.5

254.1
268.1

15.7
15.2

140.6
157.8

181.6
199.2

227.3
247.5

374.6
425.2

210.2
197.0

218.6
217.6

1 Data from current issue Monthly Treasury Statement.
NOTE.—Data for fiscal 2001 are from Mid-Session Review, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2002, issued August 22, 2001. Other data (except as noted) are from
Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2002, issued April 9, 2001.

Sources: Department of the Treasury and Office of Management and Budget.

33

FEDERAL SECTOR, NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTS BASIS
In the second quarter of 2001, according to revised estimates, Federal current receipts rose $4.1 billion (annual
rate), while Federal current expenditures rose $22.6 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Federal Government current receipts

Federal Government current expenditures

Transfer
payments

1,418.9
1,471.5
1,506.0
1,575.7
1,635.9
1,678.8
1,705.9
1,753.6
1,828.3

445.8
442.6
439.7
439.2
445.3
456.9
453.1
469.6
493.7

565.2
597.9
618.6
652.1
691.6
717.5
730.6
746.1
779.3

149.1
162.6
174.5
184.5
190.4
196.8
210.3
230.5
245.6

229.2
230.2
239.6
267.5
273.6
276.2
278.5
263.9
262.9

29.6
38.2
33.6
32.4
35.1
31.5
33.4
43.4
46.8

0.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0

¥297.5
¥274.1
¥212.3
¥192.0
¥136.8
¥53.3
43.8
119.2
218.6

601.1
608.9
617.2
625.3

1,688.4
1,700.8
1,703.2
1,731.1

444.2
456.5
449.9
461.8

727.9
726.3
729.7
738.5

205.2
206.4
209.9
219.6

280.8
280.0
279.7
273.3

30.3
31.6
34.0
37.9

.0
.0
.0
.0

19.6
33.0
65.7
57.0

97.2
97.9
101.0
106.1

637.5
646.0
655.4
663.7

1,733.0
1,733.0
1,754.9
1,793.4

462.3
457.9
470.6
487.6

740.1
744.1
744.0
756.5

225.5
223.8
233.4
239.3

265.3
264.6
262.1
263.7

39.9
42.6
44.9
46.3

.0
.0
.0
.0

85.2
116.5
132.0
143.1

239.3
242.3
237.6
219.4

108.6
111.5
111.9
112.7

678.5
687.6
695.0
704.9

1,790.2
1,833.4
1,834.4
1,855.0

483.4
503.8
493.6
494.1

758.7
775.1
780.5
802.9

237.2
244.2
250.9
250.1

264.2
264.4
262.9
259.9

46.7
46.0
46.5
48.1

.0
.0
.0
.0

212.8
209.1
229.9
222.5

205.0
197.3

112.2
112.0

718.8
722.2

1,882.1
1,904.7

507.5
510.1

811.7
823.3

264.0
281.2

253.5
242.5

45.4
47.6

.0
.0

205.3
186.7

Total

Corporate
profits
tax accruals

Indirect
business
tax and
nontax
accruals

Calendar year:
1992 ..............................
1993 ..............................
1994 ..............................
1995 ..............................
1996 ..............................
1997 ..............................
1998 ..............................
1999 ..............................
2000 ..............................

1,121.3
1,197.3
1,293.7
1,383.7
1,499.1
1,625.5
1,749.7
1,872.8
2,046.8

479.4
509.9
547.8
591.8
670.0
751.9
834.9
903.3
1,009.5

118.8
138.5
156.7
179.3
190.6
203.0
204.2
218.3
234.7

81.3
85.3
95.2
93.0
95.1
93.7
97.4
100.6
111.2

441.8
463.7
493.9
519.6
543.3
577.0
613.1
650.6
691.5

1998: I .............................
II ...........................
III ..........................
IV ..........................

1,708.0
1,733.8
1,768.9
1,788.2

805.8
825.0
844.8
864.1

205.1
203.4
208.3
200.3

96.0
96.5
98.6
98.5

1999: I .............................
II ...........................
III ..........................
IV ..........................

1,818.2
1,849.5
1,886.9
1,936.5

871.3
891.8
914.3
935.9

212.2
213.8
216.3
230.8

2000: I .............................
II ...........................
III ..........................
IV ..........................

2,003.0
2,042.5
2,064.3
2,077.5

976.6
1,001.1
1,019.8
1,040.5

2001: I .............................
II r ..........................

2,087.4
2,091.5

1,051.4
1,060.0

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

34

Net
interest
paid

Less:
Wage
accruals less
disbursements

Current
surplus
or
deficit
(¥),
national
income
and
product
accounts

Consumption
expenditures

Contributions
for
social
insurance

Personal
tax and
nontax
receipts

Period

Subsidies less
current
surplus
of
Government
enterprises

Grantsin-aid
to
State
and
local
governments

Total

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CONSUMER PRICES—MAJOR
INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES
Industrial production (1992=100; seasonally adjusted)
Period

United
States

1991 .......................................
1992 .......................................
1993 .......................................
1994 .......................................
1995 .......................................
1996 .......................................
1997 .......................................
1998 .......................................
1999 .......................................
2000 p .....................................
2000: May ............................
June ...........................
July ............................
Aug ...........................
Sept ...........................
Oct ..............................
Nov .............................
Dec ............................
2001: Jan ............................
Feb ............................
Mar ............................
Apr ............................
May ............................
June ...........................
July ............................
Aug p ...........................
1 Data

Canada

Japan

France

Germany

Consumer prices (1982–84=100; NSA)
United
Kingdom

Italy

United
States 1

97.0
98.9 106.1 101.1 102.3
101.3
99.7
100.0
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
100.0
100.0
103.5
104.5
96.5
96.3
92.4
97.9
102.2
109.1
111.3
97.8 100.1
95.6
103.9
107.7
114.3
116.3 100.9 102.6
96.8
109.2
109.5
119.6
117.9 103.3 103.5
97.4
107.1
110.7
127.7
123.1 107.0 107.3 100.8
111.1
111.8
134.0
126.0
99.9 112.9 105.0
112.3
112.7
139.6
131.6 100.8 115.3 106.7
112.3
113.3
147.5
139.1 106.5 119.0 113.7
117.7
115.0
147.2
139.8 105.2 118.2 115.0
118.9
115.1
147.9
140.0 107.0 118.3 112.1
117.8
115.4
147.6
139.8 106.8 120.0 115.2
116.7
116.0
148.6
140.4 109.6 120.0 116.0
118.1
116.4
149.0
139.7 106.2 119.3 115.4
118.1
115.4
148.7
140.1 107.6 119.8 114.5
117.2
115.3
148.2
139.7 107.5 120.2 115.1
118.4
115.6
147.3
139.0 108.8 120.6 115.3
120.9
114.8
146.0
137.9 104.6 120.7 117.2
118.6
114.9
145.4
137.8 105.3 120.9 117.3
118.5
114.5
145.0
138.1 103.2 120.5 115.5
119.1
114.1
144.6
138.5 101.2 120.0 113.6
116.7
113.9
144.2
138.9 100.2 120.4 114.6
116.9
112.9
r 142.7 ..............
99.4 ............ ............ .............. ..............
r 142.6 .............. ............ ............ ............ .............. ..............
141.5 .............. ............ ............ ............ .............. ..............

relate to all urban consumers.

Canada

Japan

Germany

France

Italy

United
Kingdom

136.2
143.1 115.0 137.2 116.2 170.5
156.9
140.3
145.3 117.0 140.4 122.1 179.5
162.7
144.5
147.9 118.4 143.4 127.6 187.7
165.3
148.2
148.2 119.3 145.8 131.1 195.3
169.3
152.4
151.4 119.1 148.4 133.3 205.6
175.2
156.9
153.8 119.3 151.4 135.2 213.8
179.4
160.5
156.3 121.3 153.2 137.8 218.2
185.1
163.0
157.8 122.1 154.2 139.1 222.5
191.4
166.6
160.5 121.8 155.0 139.9 226.2
194.3
172.2
164.9 120.9 157.6 142.6 231.9
200.1
171.5
164.2 121.3 157.4 141.7 231.3
200.6
172.4
165.2 120.9 157.7 142.5 231.9
201.0
172.8
165.8 120.7 157.4 143.2 232.4
200.3
172.8
165.5 120.7 157.7 142.9 232.6
200.3
173.7
166.2 121.0 158.7 143.6 233.0
201.7
174.0
166.5 121.2 158.4 143.3 233.8
201.6
174.1
167.1 120.9 158.8 143.6 234.4
202.2
174.0
167.2 120.9 158.7 143.7 234.6
202.3
175.1
166.6 120.9 158.1 144.4 235.6
201.0
175.8
167.4 120.6 158.5 145.3 236.5
202.1
176.2
167.9 120.5 159.1 145.5 236.7
202.3
176.9
169.1 120.7 159.9 146.0 237.7
203.4
177.7
170.6 120.7 161.0 146.7 238.3
204.7
178.0
170.7 120.3 161.0 146.9 238.9
204.9
177.5
170.1 ............ 160.7 146.9 239.1
203.6
177.5 .............. ............ ............ ............ ............ ..............

Source: National sources as reported by Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic
Analysis and International Trade Administration, Office of Trade and Economic Analysis).

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
[Billions of dollars; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Goods: Exports (f.a.s. value)

Goods: Imports (customs value)

Census basis (by end-use category)

Services
(BOP basis)

Balance of trade
(exports minus imports)

Census basis (by end-use category)
BOP basis

Period

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2000:

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
July ......
Aug .......
Sept ......
Oct ........
Nov .......
Dec .......
2001: Jan .......
Feb .......
Mar .......
Apr .......
May ......
June r ....
July p .....
1 Total

BOP
basis

414.1
439.6
456.9
502.9
575.2
612.1
678.4
670.4
684.6
772.2
65.1
67.4
66.8
65.8
65.9
64.6
65.3
65.7
63.9
62.2
62.8
60.8
58.8

Total,
Census
basis 1

421.7
448.2
465.1
512.6
584.7
625.1
689.2
682.1
695.8
781.9
65.8
68.1
67.5
66.6
66.7
65.4
66.2
66.5
64.7
62.9
63.7
61.7
59.8

Auto- ConIndusmo- sumer
Foods, trial Capital tive goods
feeds,
supgoods vehi- (nonand
plies except cles, food)
bevand
auto- parts except
erages mate- motive and autorials
enmogines tive
35.7
40.3
40.6
42.0
50.5
55.5
51.5
46.4
45.5
47.5
4.1
4.2
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.1
4.0
3.9
3.9

109.7
109.1
111.8
121.4
146.2
147.7
158.2
148.3
147.0
171.9
14.0
14.7
15.1
15.0
15.1
14.3
14.3
14.5
14.4
14.0
13.9
13.5
12.8

166.7
175.9
181.7
205.0
233.0
253.0
294.5
299.4
310.9
357.0
30.9
31.6
31.2
30.6
30.7
30.2
31.2
31.3
29.4
27.9
28.3
27.0
26.4

40.0
47.0
52.4
57.8
61.8
65.0
74.0
72.4
75.1
80.2
6.5
7.0
6.6
6.6
6.4
6.3
6.0
5.9
6.1
6.1
6.3
6.6
6.2

BOP
basis

45.9 491.0
51.4 536.5
54.7 589.4
60.0 668.7
64.4 749.4
70.1 803.1
77.4 876.5
80.3 917.1
82.0 1,030.0
90.6 1,224.4
7.6 103.2
7.8 104.2
7.7 106.5
7.5 106.0
7.6 104.8
7.6 103.9
7.8 104.4
7.9 100.4
7.9 102.7
7.9
99.8
8.1
97.3
7.4
96.4
7.4
94.2

IndusAutoFoods, trial Capital motive
Total, feeds, supgoods vehiCensus and
plies except cles,
basis 1
bevand
auto- parts
erages mate- motive and enrials
gines
488.5
532.7
580.7
663.3
743.5
795.3
869.7
911.9
1,024.6
1,218.0
103.0
103.9
105.8
105.4
104.2
103.4
103.9
99.8
102.1
99.2
96.5
95.8
94.0

includes ‘‘other’’ exports or imports, not shown separately.
NOTE.—BOP refers to balance of payments on international transactions basis. BOP data
shown here are consistent with figures shown on pp. 36 and 37.

26.5
27.6
27.9
31.0
33.2
35.7
39.7
41.2
43.6
46.0
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.9
3.8
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.9
4.1

131.6
138.6
145.6
162.1
181.8
204.5
213.8
200.1
222.0
299.8
25.9
25.4
26.5
26.3
25.5
26.4
26.6
24.8
24.9
24.9
24.6
23.8
23.1

120.7
134.3
152.4
184.4
221.4
228.1
253.3
269.5
295.3
346.7
29.1
29.8
30.7
30.0
29.5
29.8
29.2
28.5
28.7
25.9
24.6
24.4
23.6

85.7
91.8
102.4
118.3
123.8
128.9
139.8
148.7
179.0
195.9
16.5
16.7
16.5
16.6
16.3
15.4
15.7
15.6
15.5
16.1
15.7
16.1
15.7

Consumer
goods
(nonfood)
except
automotive
108.0
122.7
134.0
146.3
159.9
172.0
193.8
217.0
241.7
281.4
23.5
23.8
24.2
24.5
24.7
23.9
24.3
23.1
25.4
24.3
23.6
23.7
23.4

Exports

164.3
176.9
185.9
201.0
219.2
240.0
256.6
262.3
272.8
293.5
24.4
24.4
24.4
24.6
24.6
24.7
24.8
r 24.6
24.8
r 24.9
r 24.7
25.1
24.9

Imports

118.5
116.5
122.3
131.9
141.4
150.9
166.3
182.4
189.2
217.0
18.3
18.4
19.2
18.4
18.6
18.6
19.0
18.7
r 18.9
r 18.8
r 18.5
18.6
18.3

Goods,
Census
basis

Goods

¥66.7
¥84.5
¥115.6
¥150.6
¥158.8
¥170.2
¥180.5
¥229.8
¥328.8
¥436.1
¥37.2
¥35.7
¥38.3
¥38.8
¥37.5
¥38.0
¥37.7
¥33.3
¥37.4
¥36.3
¥32.8
¥34.1
¥34.2

¥76.9
¥96.9
¥132.5
¥165.8
¥174.2
¥191.0
¥198.1
¥246.7
¥345.4
¥452.2
¥38.1
¥36.8
¥39.7
¥40.2
¥39.0
¥39.4
¥39.1
¥34.6
¥38.8
¥37.7
¥34.4
¥35.6
¥35.4

Services

45.8
60.4
63.7
69.2
77.8
89.2
90.4
79.9
83.6
76.5
6.1
6.0
5.2
6.2
6.0
6.1
r 5.7
r 5.9
r 5.8
r 6.1
r 6.2
6.5
6.6

Goods
and
services

¥31.1
¥36.5
¥68.8
¥96.7
¥96.4
¥101.8
¥107.8
¥166.8
¥261.8
¥375.7
¥32.0
¥30.8
¥34.5
¥34.0
¥33.0
¥33.3
r ¥33.4
r ¥28.7
r ¥33.0
r ¥31.5
r ¥28.2
¥29.1
¥28.8

Source: Department of Commerce (Bureau of the Census and Bureau of Economic Analysis).

35

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS
In the second quarter of 2001, the goods deficit fell to $107.8 billion, from $112.5 billion in the first quarter. The
current account deficit fell to $106.5 billion in the second quarter, from $111.8 billion in the first quarter.

[Millions of dollars; quarterly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted. Credits (+), debits (¥)]
Goods 1

Period
Exports

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
1998:

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
III ...........
IV ...........
1999: I ..............
II .............
III ...........
IV ...........
2000: I ..............
II .............
III ...........
IV ...........
2001: I r .............
II p ...........

Imports

414,083 ¥491,020
439,631 ¥536,528
456,943 ¥589,394
502,859 ¥668,690
575,204 ¥749,374
612,113 ¥803,113
678,366 ¥876,485
670,416 ¥917,112
684,553 ¥1,029,987
772,210 ¥1,224,417
164,081 ¥228,010
169,826 ¥234,009
164,716 ¥238,709
166,267 ¥250,557
173,045 ¥264,777
180,525 ¥275,944
185,142 ¥292,547
191,558 ¥303,229
199,273 ¥313,884
196,237 ¥314,757
194,942 ¥307,462
185,838 ¥293,639

Services

Balance
on
goods

Net
military
transactions 2 3

¥76,937 ¥5,274
¥96,897 ¥1,448
¥132,451
1,385
¥165,831
2,570
¥174,170
4,600
¥191,000
5,385
¥198,119
4,968
¥246,696
5,265
¥345,434
2,586
¥452,207
500
¥63,929
807
¥64,183
1,138
¥73,993
1,031
¥84,290
1,220
¥91,732
296
¥95,419
39
¥107,405
139
¥111,671
528
¥114,611
¥212
¥118,520
45
¥112,520
¥187
¥107,801
125

Net
travel
and
transportation
16,561
19,969
19,714
16,305
21,772
25,015
22,152
10,145
7,113
3,180
1,820
1,788
2,108
1,887
1,566
1,552
929
1,571
177
500
584
456

Income receipts and payments

Other
services,
net

34,516
41,918
42,562
50,278
51,410
58,757
63,234
64,458
73,897
72,788
15,830
17,246
17,982
18,317
18,735
18,860
19,015
18,788
17,306
17,682
17,100
18,282

Balance
on
goods
and
services

¥31,135
¥36,457
¥68,791
¥96,678
¥96,388
¥101,843
¥107,765
¥166,828
¥261,838
¥375,739
¥45,472
¥44,011
¥52,872
¥62,866
¥71,135
¥74,968
¥87,322
¥90,784
¥97,340
¥100,293
¥95,023
¥88,938

1 Adjusted

3 Quarterly

2 Transfers

4 Includes

from Census data for differences in timing and coverage; excludes military.
under U.S. military agency sales contracts (exports) minus direct defense expenditures (imports).

36

Receipts

149,214
132,056
134,159
165,438
211,502
225,846
260,558
259,238
285,302
352,866
62,768
63,565
64,893
68,703
73,506
78,202
82,389
89,253
88,739
92,486
85,532
77,828

Payments

¥125,084
¥109,101
¥110,255
¥148,744
¥190,955
¥204,859
¥251,808
¥265,440
¥298,915
¥367,658
¥67,103
¥66,908
¥67,418
¥71,619
¥78,673
¥81,204
¥88,046
¥94,142
¥93,624
¥91,844
¥90,553
¥83,321

Balance
on
income

24,130
22,954
23,904
16,694
20,547
20,987
8,750
¥6,202
¥13,613
¥14,792
¥4,335
¥3,343
¥2,525
¥2,916
¥5,167
¥3,002
¥5,657
¥4,889
¥4,885
642
¥5,021
¥5,493

Unilateral
current
transfers,
net 4

10,752
¥35,013
¥37,637
¥38,260
¥34,057
¥40,081
¥40,794
¥44,427
¥48,913
¥54,136
¥10,731
¥13,671
¥11,051
¥11,596
¥11,761
¥14,504
¥11,924
¥12,461
¥13,080
¥16,673
¥11,734
¥12,067

data are not seasonally adjusted.
transfers of goods and services under U.S. military grant programs.
See p. 37 for continuation of table.

Balance
on
current
account

3,747
¥48,515
¥82,523
¥118,244
¥109,898
¥120,937
¥139,809
¥217,457
¥324,364
¥444,667
¥60,538
¥61,025
¥66,448
¥77,378
¥88,063
¥92,474
¥104,903
¥108,134
¥115,305
¥116,324
¥111,778
¥106,498

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS—Continued
In the financial account, U.S. claims on foreigners reported by U.S. banks decreased $9.2 billion in the second
quarter of 2001, in contrast to an increase of $109.8 billion in the first quarter. U.S. liabilities to private foreigners
reported by U.S. banks, excluding Treasury securities, increased $50.1 billion in the second quarter, following an
increase of $6.9 billion in the first quarter.

[Millions of dollars; quarterly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted. Credits (+), debits (¥)]
Financial account

Period

Capital
account
transactions,
net 3

U.S.-owned assets abroad, net
[increase/financial outflow (¥)]

Total

U.S.
official
reserve
assets 3 5

Other U.S.
Government
assets 3

Statistical discrepancy
Foreign-owned assets in the U.S., net
[increase/financial inflow (+)]

U.S.
private
assets

Total

Foreign
official
assets 3

Other
foreign
assets

Total (sum
of the items
with sign
reversed)

Of which:
Seasonal
adjustment
discrepancy

U.S. official
reserve
assets, net 5
(unadjusted,
end of
period)

..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................

¥4,479
612
¥88
¥469
372
693
350
678
¥3,491
705

¥64,388
¥74,410
¥200,552
¥176,056
¥352,376
¥413,923
¥487,599
¥359,632
¥437,067
¥580,952

5,763
3,901
¥1,379
5,346
¥9,742
6,668
¥1,010
¥6,783
8,747
¥290

2,924
¥1,667
¥351
¥390
¥984
¥989
68
¥422
2,751
¥944

¥73,075
¥76,644
¥198,822
¥181,012
¥341,650
¥419,602
¥486,657
¥352,427
¥448,565
¥579,718

110,808
170,663
282,040
305,989
465,684
586,038
759,290
504,464
813,744
1,024,218

17,389
40,477
71,753
39,583
109,880
126,724
19,036
¥19,948
43,551
37,619

93,420
130,186
210,287
266,406
355,804
459,314
740,254
524,412
770,193
986,599

¥45,688
¥48,350
1,123
¥11,220
¥3,782
¥51,871
¥132,232
71,947
¥48,822
696

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

77,721
71,323
73,442
74,335
85,832
75,089
69,954
81,761
71,516
67,647

1998: III ..........................
IV ...........................
1999: I .............................
II ............................
III ..........................
IV ...........................
2000: I .............................
II ............................
III ..........................
IV ...........................
2001: I r ............................
II p ..........................

164
183
158
167
173
¥3,989
173
173
175
184
173
177

¥60,247
¥83,486
¥43,657
¥170,707
¥114,931
¥107,769
¥198,105
¥93,573
¥107,727
¥181,548
¥243,120
¥63,322

¥2,025
¥2,369
4,068
1,159
1,951
1,569
¥554
2,020
¥346
¥1,410
190
¥1,343

188
¥47
118
¥392
¥686
3,711
¥127
¥572
114
¥359
21
¥761

¥58,410
¥81,070
¥47,843
¥171,474
¥116,196
¥113,049
¥197,424
¥95,021
¥107,495
¥179,779
¥243,331
¥61,218

96,248
138,308
130,758
278,047
172,119
232,820
256,782
250,007
222,108
295,321
346,660
188,002

¥46,639
25,922
4,164
¥736
12,721
27,402
22,498
6,447
12,247
¥3,573
4,898
¥22,430

142,887
112,386
126,594
278,783
159,398
205,418
234,284
243,560
209,861
298,894
341,762
210,432

24,373
6,020
¥20,811
¥30,129
30,702
¥28,588
46,053
¥48,473
749
2,367
8,065
¥18,359

¥11,256
6,476
6,425
¥711
¥10,320
4,602
8,501
¥2,380
¥9,977
3,856
8,821
¥1,868

75,676
81,761
74,359
71,689
73,414
71,516
70,789
67,955
66,256
67,647
64,222
64,847

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

5 Consists of gold, special drawing rights (SDRs), foreign currencies, and the U.S. reserve
position in the IMF.

Sources: Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic Analysis) and Department of the
Treasury.

37

Contents
Page

TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING
Gross Domestic Product ..........................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Gross Domestic Product ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Implicit Price Deflators for Gross Domestic Product ..............................................................................................................................................
Gross Domestic Product and Related Price Measures: Indexes and Percent Changes ..............................................................................................
Nonfinancial Corporate Business—Output, Price, Costs, and Profits ......................................................................................................................
National Income ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Personal Consumption Expenditures ...............................................................................................................................................................
Sources of Personal Income ......................................................................................................................................................................................
Disposition of Personal Income ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Farm Income ............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Corporate Profits ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Gross Private Domestic Investment ................................................................................................................................................................
Real Private Fixed Investment by Type ..................................................................................................................................................................
Business Investment ................................................................................................................................................................................................

1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES
Status of the Labor Force .........................................................................................................................................................................................
Selected Unemployment Rates ................................................................................................................................................................................
Selected Measures of Unemployment and Unemployment Insurance Programs ......................................................................................................
Nonagricultural Employment ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Average Weekly Hours, Hourly Earnings, and Weekly Earnings—Private Nonagricultural Industries .................................................................
Employment Cost Index—Private Industry .............................................................................................................................................................
Productivity and Related Data, Business Sector ......................................................................................................................................................

11
12
13
14
15
15
16

PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY
Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization .......................................................................................................................................................
Industrial Production—Major Market Groups and Selected Manufactures ..............................................................................................................
New Construction ....................................................................................................................................................................................................
New Private Housing and Vacancy Rates ...............................................................................................................................................................
Business Sales and Inventories—Manufacturing and Trade .....................................................................................................................................
Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders .................................................................................................................................................

17
18
19
19
20
21

PRICES
Producer Prices ........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Consumer Prices—All Urban Consumers ................................................................................................................................................................
Changes in Producer Prices for Finished Goods ......................................................................................................................................................
Changes in Consumer Prices—All Urban Consumers .............................................................................................................................................
Prices Received and Paid by Farmers ......................................................................................................................................................................

22
23
24
24
25

MONEY, CREDIT, AND SECURITY MARKETS
Money Stock and Debt Measures .............................................................................................................................................................................
Components of Money Stock ...................................................................................................................................................................................
Aggregate Reserves and Monetary Base ...................................................................................................................................................................
Bank Credit at All Commercial Banks ....................................................................................................................................................................
Sources and Uses of Funds, Nonfarm Nonfinancial Corporate Business ..................................................................................................................
Consumer Credit ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Interest Rates and Bond Yields ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Common Stock Prices and Yields ............................................................................................................................................................................

26
27
27
28
29
29
30
31

FEDERAL FINANCE
Federal Receipts, Outlays, and Debt .......................................................................................................................................................................
Federal Receipts by Source and Outlays by Function ..............................................................................................................................................
Federal Sector, National Income Accounts Basis .....................................................................................................................................................

32
33
34

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
Industrial Production and Consumer Prices—Major Industrial Countries ...............................................................................................................
U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services ......................................................................................................................................................
U.S. International Transactions ................................................................................................................................................................................

35
35
36

General Notes
Detail in these tables may not add to totals because of rounding.
Unless otherwise noted, all dollar figures are in current dollars.
Symbols used:
p Preliminary.
r Revised.
c Corrected.
… Not available (also, not applicable).
NSA not seasonally adjusted.

38

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