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109th Congress, 1st Session

Economic Indicators
JULY 2005
(Includes data available as of August 9, 2005)

Prepared for the Joint Economic Committee by the
Council of Economic Advisers

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 2005

JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE
(Created pursuant to Sec. 5(a) of Public Law 304, 79th Cong.)
JIM SAXTON, New Jersey, Chairman
ROBERT F. BENNETT, Utah, Vice Chairman

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
PAUL RYAN (Wisconsin)
PHIL ENGLISH (Pennsylvania)
RON PAUL (Texas)
KEVIN BRADY (Texas)
THADDEUS G. McCOTTER (Michigan)
CAROLYN B. MALONEY (New York)
MAURICE D. HINCHEY (New York)
LORETTA SANCHEZ (California)
ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS (Maryland)

SENATE
SAM BROWNBACK (Kansas)
JOHN E. SUNUNU (New Hampshire)
JIM DeMINT (South Carolina)
JEFF SESSIONS (Alabama)
JOHN CORNYN (Texas)
JACK REED (Rhode Island)
EDWARD M. KENNEDY (Massachusetts)
PAUL S. SARBANES (Maryland)
JEFF BINGAMAN (New Mexico)

CHRISTOPHER FRENZE, Executive Director

COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS
BEN S. BERNANKE, Chairman
[PUBLIC LAW 120—81ST CONGRESS; CHAPTER 237—1ST SESSION]
JOINT RESOLUTION [S.J. Res. 55]
To print the monthly publication entitled ‘‘Economic Indicators’’
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the
Joint Economic Committee be authorized to issue a monthly publication entitled ‘‘Economic Indicators,’’ and that
a sufficient quantity be printed to furnish one copy to each Member of Congress; the Secretary and the Sergeant
at Arms of the Senate; the Clerk, Sergeant at Arms, and Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives; two copies
to the libraries of the Senate and House, and the Congressional Library; seven hundred copies to the Joint Economic
Committee; and the required numbers of copies to the Superintendent of Documents for distribution to depository
libraries; and that the Superintendent of Documents be authorized to have copies printed for sale to the public.
Approved June 23, 1949.
Charts prepared under the direction of the Printing and Procurement Branch,
Office of the Secretary, Department of Commerce.

Economic Indicators, published monthly, is available at $3.00 a single copy
($3.75 foreign), or by subscription at $33.00 per year ($41.25 for foreign mailing)
from:
SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20402
For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402–9328
Also available on the internet at the following address: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/indicators

ii

TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
In the second quarter of 2005, according to advance estimates, current-dollar gross domestic product (GDP) rose
5.9 percent (annual rate), real GDP (GDP in chained 2000 dollars) rose 3.4 percent, and the implicit price deflator
rose 2.4 percent. (Series revised.)

[Billions of current dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Period

1995 ......................
1996 ......................
1997 ......................
1998 ......................
1999 ......................
2000 ......................
2001 ......................
2002 r ....................
2003 r ....................
2004 r ....................
2002: I r ...............
II r ..............
III r ............
IV r .............
2003: I r ...............
II r ..............
III r ............
IV r .............
2004: I r ...............
II r ..............
III r ............
IV r .............
2005: I r ...............
II p .............
1 GDP

Exports and imports
of goods and services

Personal Gross
Gross
conprivate
domestic sumption domestic
product expendi- investtures
ment

Net
exports

Exports

7,397.7
7,816.9
8,304.3
8,747.0
9,268.4
9,817.0
10,128.0
10,469.6
10,971.2
11,734.3
10,333.3
10,426.6
10,527.4
10,591.1
10,717.0
10,844.6
11,087.4
11,236.0
11,457.1
11,666.1
11,818.8
11,995.2
12,198.8
12,376.2

¥91.4
¥96.2
¥101.6
¥159.9
¥260.5
¥379.5
¥367.0
¥424.4
¥500.9
¥624.0
¥373.1
¥416.1
¥433.8
¥474.6
¥502.6
¥500.6
¥495.3
¥505.0
¥559.6
¥613.1
¥638.0
¥685.4
¥697.5
¥679.8

812.2
868.6
955.3
955.9
991.2
1,096.3
1,032.8
1,005.9
1,045.6
1,173.8
976.4
1,008.2
1,022.9
1,016.2
1,018.8
1,016.1
1,046.6
1,101.1
1,130.8
1,163.3
1,183.8
1,217.1
1,253.2
1,302.5

4,975.8
5,256.8
5,547.4
5,879.5
6,282.5
6,739.4
7,055.0
7,350.7
7,709.9
8,214.3
7,230.3
7,323.0
7,396.6
7,453.1
7,555.2
7,635.3
7,782.4
7,866.6
8,032.3
8,145.6
8,263.2
8,416.1
8,535.8
8,676.3

1,144.0
1,240.3
1,389.8
1,509.1
1,625.7
1,735.5
1,614.3
1,582.1
1,670.4
1,928.1
1,564.1
1,571.4
1,592.9
1,600.1
1,610.0
1,619.3
1,694.2
1,757.9
1,818.2
1,928.5
1,961.2
2,004.5
2,058.5
2,044.1

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Imports

Total
Total

less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services.

903.6
964.8
1,056.9
1,115.9
1,251.7
1,475.8
1,399.8
1,430.3
1,546.5
1,797.8
1,349.5
1,424.3
1,456.7
1,490.8
1,521.4
1,516.6
1,541.9
1,606.1
1,690.3
1,776.4
1,821.8
1,902.5
1,950.6
1,982.3

1,369.2
1,416.0
1,468.7
1,518.3
1,620.8
1,721.6
1,825.6
1,961.1
2,091.9
2,215.9
1,912.0
1,948.3
1,971.8
2,012.5
2,054.4
2,090.5
2,106.2
2,116.5
2,166.2
2,205.0
2,232.5
2,260.0
2,302.0
2,335.5

519.2
527.4
530.9
530.4
555.8
578.8
612.9
679.7
754.8
827.6
654.9
675.2
682.0
706.6
724.0
763.4
761.8
770.0
808.3
824.6
836.5
840.8
860.2
867.7

National
defense
348.7
354.6
349.6
345.7
360.6
370.3
392.6
437.1
496.7
552.7
418.2
431.1
438.0
461.1
467.2
507.2
500.3
512.0
538.7
547.2
562.9
562.0
575.3
580.3

Nondefense
170.5
172.8
181.3
184.7
195.2
208.5
220.3
242.5
258.2
274.9
236.6
244.1
243.9
245.5
256.8
256.3
261.5
258.0
269.6
277.4
273.6
278.8
285.0
287.4

State
and
local
850.0
888.6
937.8
987.9
1,065.0
1,142.8
1,212.8
1,281.5
1,337.1
1,388.3
1,257.2
1,273.1
1,289.8
1,305.9
1,330.4
1,327.1
1,344.4
1,346.5
1,357.9
1,380.4
1,395.9
1,419.1
1,441.7
1,467.8

Final
sales of
domestic
product

Gross
domestic
purchases 1

Addendum:
Gross
national
product

7,366.5
7,786.1
8,232.3
8,676.2
9,201.5
9,760.5
10,159.7
10,457.7
10,955.8
11,678.9
10,341.6
10,424.0
10,501.4
10,563.9
10,695.2
10,845.0
11,076.9
11,206.2
11,411.6
11,594.2
11,766.3
11,943.3
12,138.9
12,386.2

7,489.0
7,913.1
8,405.9
8,906.9
9,528.9
10,196.4
10,495.0
10,894.0
11,472.1
12,358.3
10,706.4
10,842.7
10,961.2
11,065.7
11,219.6
11,345.2
11,582.8
11,741.1
12,016.7
12,279.1
12,456.8
12,680.6
12,896.3
13,055.9

7,433.4
7,851.9
8,337.3
8,768.3
9,302.2
9,855.9
10,171.6
10,500.2
11,039.3
11,788.0
10,359.5
10,443.3
10,557.0
10,641.1
10,761.9
10,911.4
11,154.8
11,329.2
11,540.1
11,712.8
11,867.3
12,032.0
12,238.2
..............

Note.—Data beginning 2002 reflect annual revisions released on July 29, 2005. See Survey
of Current Business, August 2005, for details.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

1

REAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
[Billions of chained (2000) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Gross private
domestic investment
Period

1995 .........
1996 .........
1997 .........
1998 .........
1999 .........
2000 .........
2001 .........
2002 r ........
2003 r ........
2004 r ........
2002: I r ...
II r ..
III r
IV r
2003: I r ...
II r ..
III r
IV r
2004: I r ...
II r ..
III r
IV r
2005: I r ...
II p

Gross
domestic
product

8,031.7
8,328.9
8,703.5
9,066.9
9,470.3
9,817.0
9,890.7
10,048.8
10,320.6
10,755.7
9,977.3
10,031.6
10,090.7
10,095.8
10,138.6
10,230.4
10,410.9
10,502.6
10,612.5
10,704.1
10,808.9
10,897.1
10,999.3
11,092.0

Personal
conNonresi- Resi- Change
sumption dential dential in priexpendifixed
fixed
vate
tures
invest- invest- invenment
ment tories
5,433.5
5,619.4
5,831.8
6,125.8
6,438.6
6,739.4
6,910.4
7,099.3
7,306.6
7,588.6
7,042.2
7,083.5
7,123.2
7,148.2
7,192.2
7,256.8
7,360.7
7,416.4
7,501.4
7,536.6
7,617.5
7,698.8
7,764.9
7,828.3

762.5
833.6
934.2
1,037.8
1,133.3
1,232.1
1,180.5
1,071.5
1,085.0
1,186.7
1,090.3
1,073.3
1,068.0
1,054.5
1,051.6
1,072.9
1,101.8
1,113.7
1,135.1
1,171.6
1,204.8
1,235.1
1,252.2
1,279.5

353.1
29.9
381.3
28.7
388.6
71.2
418.3
72.6
443.6
68.9
446.9
56.5
448.5 ¥31.7
469.9
12.5
509.4
15.5
561.8
52.0
459.0 ¥10.2
469.5
2.6
471.8
28.0
479.3
29.5
484.8
24.0
496.0
¥.4
521.2
9.3
535.7
29.0
542.4
41.9
565.1
65.6
568.8
50.4
571.0
50.1
584.1
58.2
597.9 ¥6.4

Exports and imports of
goods and services

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Net
exports

Exports

Imports

Total

¥71.0
¥79.6
¥104.6
¥203.7
¥296.2
¥379.5
¥399.1
¥471.3
¥521.4
¥601.3
¥441.3
¥458.9
¥472.2
¥513.0
¥510.7
¥528.4
¥516.2
¥530.2
¥563.0
¥601.7
¥606.5
¥634.1
¥645.4
¥601.3

778.2
843.4
943.7
966.5
1,008.2
1,096.3
1,036.7
1,013.3
1,031.2
1,117.9
992.8
1,018.0
1,025.2
1,017.2
1,009.7
1,004.5
1,032.2
1,078.4
1,091.8
1,110.2
1,125.0
1,144.5
1,165.3
1,200.3

849.1
923.0
1,048.3
1,170.3
1,304.4
1,475.8
1,435.8
1,484.6
1,552.6
1,719.2
1,434.0
1,476.9
1,497.4
1,530.2
1,520.4
1,532.9
1,548.4
1,608.6
1,654.8
1,711.9
1,731.5
1,778.6
1,810.7
1,801.6

1,549.7
1,564.9
1,594.0
1,624.4
1,686.9
1,721.6
1,780.3
1,858.8
1,911.1
1,952.3
1,832.0
1,853.4
1,863.9
1,885.8
1,884.4
1,917.5
1,920.1
1,922.6
1,938.4
1,949.5
1,958.4
1,962.8
1,971.9
1,981.6

1 GDP less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services.
NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (2000) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.

Total

National
defense

Nondefense

580.3
573.5
567.6
561.2
573.7
578.8
601.4
643.4
687.8
723.7
623.2
641.7
646.5
662.3
662.8
696.8
693.2
698.5
716.5
722.2
728.6
727.6
731.8
734.2

389.2
383.8
373.0
365.3
372.2
370.3
384.9
413.2
449.7
481.3
399.2
410.2
414.4
428.9
425.0
460.1
452.5
461.2
476.4
477.4
487.7
483.7
487.3
489.8

191.0
189.6
194.5
195.9
201.5
208.5
216.5
230.2
238.0
242.2
224.0
231.5
232.2
233.4
237.9
236.4
240.6
237.0
239.9
244.6
240.6
243.6
244.3
244.2

State
and
local

968.3
990.5
1,025.9
1,063.0
1,113.2
1,142.8
1,179.0
1,215.4
1,223.3
1,228.4
1,208.9
1,211.8
1,217.5
1,223.6
1,221.6
1,220.7
1,226.8
1,224.1
1,221.8
1,227.1
1,229.6
1,235.0
1,239.8
1,247.2

Final
sales of
domestic
product

Gross
domestic
purchases 1

Addendum:
Gross
national
product

8,010.2
8,306.5
8,636.6
8,997.6
9,404.0
9,760.5
9,920.9
10,036.5
10,303.6
10,702.4
9,986.8
10,028.4
10,063.5
10,067.3
10,114.7
10,228.2
10,399.5
10,471.8
10,568.9
10,637.4
10,757.1
10,846.0
10,940.3
11,096.8

8,098.4
8,405.7
8,807.6
9,272.5
9,767.7
10,196.4
10,290.1
10,517.7
10,837.3
11,348.7
10,418.0
10,488.5
10,560.4
10,604.1
10,644.7
10,753.8
10,923.1
11,027.6
11,168.8
11,297.4
11,407.0
11,522.0
11,635.4
11,685.0

8,069.8
8,365.3
8,737.5
9,088.7
9,504.7
9,855.9
9,933.6
10,079.0
10,385.2
10,805.7
10,004.1
10,048.6
10,119.7
10,143.8
10,182.0
10,294.1
10,474.7
10,590.0
10,689.5
10,747.7
10,854.1
10,931.8
11,036.3
..............

See Note, p. 1.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

IMPLICIT PRICE DEFLATORS FOR GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
[Index numbers, 2000=100; quarterly data are seasonally adjusted]

Personal consumption
expenditures
Period

1995 .................
1996 .................
1997 .................
1998 .................
1999 .................
2000 .................
2001 .................
2002 r ................
2003 r ................
2004 r ................
2002: I r ...........
II r ..........
III r ........
IV r .........
2003: I r ...........
II r ..........
III r ........
IV r .........
2004: I r ...........
II r ..........
III r ........
IV r .........
2005: I r ...........
II p .........

Gross
domestic
product

92.106
93.852
95.414
96.472
97.868
100.000
102.399
104.187
106.305
109.099
103.568
103.938
104.328
104.907
105.705
106.004
106.498
106.983
107.958
108.987
109.343
110.077
110.905
111.578

NOTE.—See Note. p. 1.

2

Total

91.576
93.547
95.124
95.979
97.575
100.000
102.094
103.542
105.520
108.245
102.670
103.381
103.838
104.265
105.047
105.216
105.729
106.071
107.077
108.081
108.476
109.318
109.927
110.833

Durable
goods
110.672
109.507
107.068
104.152
101.625
100.000
98.113
95.767
92.372
90.630
96.499
96.030
95.599
94.959
93.940
92.918
91.871
90.900
90.911
90.872
90.310
90.446
90.646
90.534

Nondurable goods
90.629
92.566
93.835
93.821
96.174
100.000
101.531
102.090
104.151
107.635
100.894
102.236
102.461
102.757
104.177
103.558
104.352
104.504
106.022
107.734
107.769
108.970
109.315
110.854

Gross private
domestic investment

Services

88.320
90.844
93.304
95.318
97.393
100.000
103.256
106.019
109.246
112.695
104.932
105.604
106.386
107.133
108.031
108.881
109.641
110.407
111.395
112.296
113.112
113.947
114.795
115.632

Nonresidential
fixed
106.239
105.011
103.696
101.421
100.057
100.000
99.683
99.513
99.764
101.025
99.541
99.485
99.381
99.646
99.674
99.432
99.727
100.204
100.493
100.947
101.173
101.443
102.231
102.700

Exports and imports of Government consumption expenditures
goods and services
and gross investment
Federal

Residential fixed
85.770
87.609
89.843
92.239
95.780
100.000
104.633
107.240
112.379
119.935
106.142
106.708
107.114
108.937
111.386
111.467
112.216
114.283
116.517
119.252
121.269
122.530
123.019
123.777

Exports

Imports
Total

104.376
102.987
101.233
98.905
98.313
100.000
99.625
99.272
101.398
104.999
98.348
99.041
99.768
99.907
100.899
101.154
101.387
102.100
103.568
104.787
105.224
106.348
107.540
108.516

106.411
104.529
100.816
95.354
95.960
100.000
97.497
96.342
99.611
104.571
94.105
96.440
97.278
97.425
100.068
98.940
99.580
99.846
102.146
103.769
105.218
106.969
107.727
110.029

89.479
91.957
93.533
94.512
96.883
100.000
101.908
105.632
109.740
114.354
105.086
105.219
105.489
106.683
109.229
109.572
109.897
110.238
112.819
114.186
114.818
115.568
117.542
118.181

National
defense

Nondefense

State
and
local

89.598
92.379
93.716
94.643
96.886
100.000
102.002
105.792
110.434
114.840
104.762
105.086
105.716
107.500
109.920
110.217
110.567
110.994
113.084
114.633
115.419
116.188
118.050
118.479

89.282
91.146
93.192
94.269
96.880
100.000
101.738
105.345
108.473
113.498
105.665
105.452
105.077
105.197
107.968
108.396
108.675
108.851
112.400
113.406
113.729
114.442
116.643
117.698

87.785
89.717
91.414
92.935
95.667
100.000
102.868
105.434
109.303
113.022
103.992
105.059
105.938
106.730
108.908
108.714
109.582
110.004
111.137
112.492
113.530
114.907
116.285
117.694

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT AND RELATED PRICE MEASURES:
INDEXES AND PERCENT CHANGES
[Quarterly data are seasonally adjusted]
Percent change from preceding period 1

Index numbers, 2000=100
Real GDP
(chain-type
quantity
index)

Period

1995 ......................................................................................
1996 ......................................................................................
1997 ......................................................................................
1998 ......................................................................................
1999 ......................................................................................
2000 ......................................................................................
2001 ......................................................................................
2002 r ....................................................................................
2003 r ....................................................................................
2004 r ....................................................................................
2001: I ................................................................................
II ...............................................................................
III .............................................................................
IV ..............................................................................
2002: I r ...............................................................................
II r ..............................................................................
III r ............................................................................
IV r .............................................................................
2003: I r ...............................................................................
II r ..............................................................................
III r ............................................................................
IV r .............................................................................
2004: I r ...............................................................................
II r ..............................................................................
III r ............................................................................
IV r .............................................................................
2005: I r ...............................................................................
II p .............................................................................

81.814
84.842
88.658
92.359
96.469
100.000
100.751
102.362
105.130
109.562
100.597
100.906
100.551
100.948
101.633
102.186
102.788
102.840
103.276
104.211
106.050
106.984
108.104
109.037
110.104
111.003
112.044
112.988

GDP
chain-type
price index

92.115
93.859
95.415
96.475
97.868
100.000
102.402
104.193
106.310
109.102
101.507
102.290
102.690
103.122
103.553
103.944
104.347
104.926
105.724
106.019
106.500
106.996
107.951
108.976
109.371
110.111
110.950
111.612

1 Quarterly percent changes are at annual rates.
Note.—See Note, p. 1.

GDP
implicit
price
deflator

GDP
(current
dollars)

92.106
93.852
95.414
96.472
97.868
100.000
102.399
104.187
106.305
109.099
101.478
102.252
102.675
103.191
103.568
103.938
104.328
104.907
105.705
106.004
106.498
106.983
107.958
108.987
109.343
110.077
110.905
111.578

4.6
5.7
6.2
5.3
6.0
5.9
3.2
3.4
4.8
7.0
2.8
4.4
.2
3.6
4.3
3.7
3.9
2.4
4.8
4.8
9.3
5.5
8.1
7.5
5.3
6.1
7.0
5.9

Real GDP
(chain-type
quantity
index)

GDP
chain-type
price
index

2.5
3.7
4.5
4.2
4.5
3.7
.8
1.6
2.7
4.2
¥.5
1.2
¥1.4
1.6
2.7
2.2
2.4
.2
1.7
3.7
7.2
3.6
4.3
3.5
4.0
3.3
3.8
3.4

GDP
implicit
price
deflator

2.0
1.9
1.7
1.1
1.4
2.2
2.4
1.7
2.0
2.6
3.3
3.1
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.6
2.2
3.1
1.1
1.8
1.9
3.6
3.9
1.5
2.7
3.1
2.4

2.0
1.9
1.7
1.1
1.4
2.2
2.4
1.7
2.0
2.6
3.3
3.1
1.7
2.0
1.5
1.4
1.5
2.2
3.1
1.1
1.9
1.8
3.7
3.9
1.3
2.7
3.0
2.4

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

NONFINANCIAL CORPORATE BUSINESS–GROSS VALUE ADDED AND PRICE,
COSTS, AND PROFITS
[Quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Price per unit of real gross value added of nonfinancial corporate business (dollars) 1 2

Gross value added
of nonfinancial
corporate business
(billions of dollars)1

Unit nonlabor cost

Period
Current
dollars

1995 ........................................................
1996 ........................................................
1997 ........................................................
1998 ........................................................
1999 ........................................................
2000 ........................................................
2001 ........................................................
2002 r .......................................................
2003 r .......................................................
2004 r .......................................................
2002: I r ..................................................
II r ................................................
III r ...............................................
IV r ...............................................
2003: I r ..................................................
II r ................................................
III r ...............................................
IV r ...............................................
2004: I r ..................................................
II r ................................................
III r ...............................................
IV r ...............................................
2005: I r ..................................................

Chained
(2000)
dollars

3,879.5
4,109.5
4,401.8
4,655.0
4,950.8
5,272.2
5,293.5
5,371.7
5,595.7
5,995.4
5,284.6
5,358.3
5,395.6
5,448.4
5,456.5
5,541.8
5,650.0
5,734.4
5,822.0
5,922.8
6,038.0
6,198.9
6,295.7

3,977.4
4,196.4
4,469.3
4,725.4
5,011.0
5,272.2
5,224.5
5,270.2
5,412.5
5,700.9
5,195.4
5,266.4
5,296.6
5,322.3
5,298.7
5,369.6
5,460.3
5,521.3
5,568.1
5,613.9
5,742.0
5,879.5
5,939.0

Total

Compensation of employees
(unit labor
cost)

0.975
.979
.985
.985
.988
1.000
1.013
1.019
1.034
1.052
1.017
1.017
1.019
1.024
1.030
1.032
1.035
1.039
1.046
1.055
1.052
1.054
1.060

1 Estimates for nonfinancial corporate business for 2000 and earlier periods are based on the
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC); later estimates are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
2 The implicit price deflator for gross value added of nonfinancial corporate business divided
by 100.
3 Less subsidies plus business current transfer payments.

0.631
.627
.629
.645
.652
.672
.688
.685
.684
.685
.688
.687
.685
.682
.686
.686
.682
.682
.684
.686
.684
.687
.693

Total

0.230
.228
.228
.226
.229
.237
.257
.253
.253
.252
.258
.252
.250
.250
.253
.252
.253
.253
.254
.254
.251
.248
.245

Consumption of
fixed
capital

Taxes
on production
and imports 3

Net interest and
miscellaneous
payments

0.104
.104
.105
.104
.105
.108
.124
.122
.121
.121
.124
.122
.121
.121
.122
.121
.120
.120
.120
.120
.126
.118
.117

0.097
.097
.095
.092
.092
.093
.094
.099
.101
.102
.098
.098
.099
.100
.101
.100
.102
.102
.104
.104
.097
.102
.100

0.029
.027
.028
.030
.032
.036
.039
.032
.031
.029
.036
.032
.030
.029
.030
.031
.031
.031
.030
.030
.028
.028
.028

Corporate profits with inventory
valuation and capital consumption
adjustments 4
Total

0.114
.125
.128
.114
.107
.090
.068
.081
.097
.115
.071
.079
.083
.092
.090
.095
.100
.104
.108
.115
.116
.119
.121

Taxes on
corporate
income

0.035
.036
.036
.034
.034
.032
.021
.018
.023
.029
.015
.017
.019
.022
.023
.022
.023
.026
.026
.029
.030
.031
.039

Profits
after
tax 5

0.078
.088
.092
.080
.073
.058
.047
.063
.074
.086
.056
.061
.064
.071
.067
.073
.076
.078
.082
.086
.086
.088
.082

4 Unit

profits from current production.
inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
Note.—See Note, p. 1.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
5 With

3

NATIONAL INCOME
[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Proprietors’
income 1

Period

1995 ............
1996 ............
1997 ............
1998 ............
1999 ............
2000 ............
2001 ............
2002 r ...........
2003 r ...........
2004 r ...........
2002: I r ......
II r .....
III r ...
IV r ....
2003: I r ......
II r .....
III r ...
IV r ....
2004: I r ......
II r .....
III r ...
IV r ....
2005: I r ......
II p ....

National
income

6,453.9
6,840.1
7,292.2
7,752.8
8,236.7
8,795.2
8,979.8
9,229.3
9,660.9
10,275.9
9,131.1
9,211.7
9,247.5
9,326.7
9,433.6
9,573.2
9,732.3
9,904.8
10,091.2
10,210.9
10,242.4
10,559.3
10,768.4
..................

Compensation
of
employees

Farm

4,193.3
4,390.5
4,661.7
5,019.4
5,357.1
5,782.7
5,942.1
6,091.2
6,321.1
6,687.6
6,025.3
6,091.5
6,114.5
6,133.4
6,210.4
6,286.6
6,360.1
6,427.4
6,528.2
6,602.1
6,724.2
6,895.8
7,019.8
7,111.1

Nonfarm

22.7
37.3
34.2
29.4
28.6
22.7
19.7
10.6
27.7
35.8
8.9
4.0
11.0
18.4
20.5
27.2
28.2
35.1
44.8
44.1
29.7
24.6
24.7
25.2

Corporate profits with inventory valuation and
capital consumption adjustments

Rental
income
of
persons
with
capital
consumption
adjustment

469.5
505.9
541.8
598.4
649.7
705.7
752.2
757.8
782.4
853.8
754.1
759.4
758.1
759.7
757.8
774.1
793.0
804.8
825.4
854.2
859.4
876.3
893.2
917.2

122.1
131.5
128.8
137.5
147.3
150.3
167.4
152.9
131.7
134.2
172.1
167.7
142.9
129.2
137.7
125.4
120.4
143.2
144.2
141.8
122.1
128.7
118.0
102.1

Profits with inventory valuation
adjustment and without capital
consumption adjustment
Total
Total

696.7
786.2
868.5
801.6
851.3
817.9
767.3
886.3
1,031.8
1,161.5
829.4
864.3
895.4
956.1
951.5
1,005.0
1,057.5
1,113.1
1,147.3
1,162.0
1,117.2
1,219.5
1,288.2
............

Profits
before
tax

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

656.0
736.1
812.3
738.5
776.8
759.3
719.2
766.2
923.9
1,019.7
707.0
740.5
774.5
842.7
858.0
891.0
944.0
1,002.6
1,001.2
1,016.5
981.3
1,079.7
1,339.2
............

674.3
733.0
798.2
718.3
775.9
773.4
707.9
768.4
937.2
1,059.3
693.8
742.1
786.4
851.5
883.0
893.1
949.0
1,023.4
1,030.2
1,064.9
1,018.2
1,124.1
1,378.3
............

¥18.3
3.1
14.1
20.2
1.0
¥14.1
11.3
¥2.2
¥13.3
¥39.6
13.3
¥1.6
¥11.8
¥8.8
¥25.0
¥2.1
¥5.1
¥20.8
¥28.9
¥48.3
¥36.9
¥44.4
¥39.1
..............

1 With inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
NOTE.—See Note, p. 1.

Capital
consumption
adjustment

Net
interest
and
miscellaneous
payments

Taxes
on
production
and
imports

40.7
50.1
56.2
63.1
74.5
58.6
48.1
120.1
107.9
141.8
122.4
123.8
120.8
113.4
93.4
114.0
113.5
110.5
146.1
145.4
135.8
139.8
¥51.0
¥44.8

367.1
376.2
415.6
487.1
495.4
559.0
566.3
520.9
528.5
505.5
545.8
519.3
507.0
511.5
530.9
532.4
528.1
522.7
519.9
512.2
497.5
492.7
498.3
485.1

558.2
581.1
612.0
639.8
674.0
708.9
728.6
762.8
801.4
852.8
746.0
757.9
771.6
775.5
783.8
794.7
806.6
820.6
837.1
847.8
855.5
870.9
883.8
898.9

Less:
Subsidies

Business
current
transfer
payments

Current
surplus
of government
enterprises

34.0
34.3
32.9
35.4
44.2
44.3
55.3
38.4
46.7
43.5
39.9
37.0
38.3
38.3
42.1
54.6
44.5
45.4
42.3
41.8
43.2
46.5
50.6
53.1

46.9
53.1
49.9
64.7
67.4
87.1
92.8
84.3
81.6
91.1
91.1
85.8
81.4
78.8
79.0
80.5
82.5
84.3
88.2
90.7
83.0
102.6
99.0
100.7

11.4
12.7
12.6
10.3
10.1
5.3
¥1.4
.9
1.3
¥3.0
¥1.6
¥1.2
4.0
2.3
4.1
1.8
.4
¥1.1
¥1.6
¥2.2
¥3.0
¥5.2
¥6.1
¥7.2

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

REAL PERSONAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES
[Billions of chained (2000) dollars, except as noted; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Durable goods

Period

1995 ...............
1996 ...............
1997 ...............
1998 ...............
1999 ...............
2000 ...............
2001 ...............
2002 r ..............
2003 r ..............
2004 r ..............
2002: I r .........
II r ........
III r ......
IV r ......
2003: I r .........
II r ........
III r ......
IV r ......
2004: I r .........
II r ........
III r ......
IV r ......
2005: I r .........
II p .......

Total
personal
consumption
expenditures

5,433.5
5,619.4
5,831.8
6,125.8
6,438.6
6,739.4
6,910.4
7,099.3
7,306.6
7,588.6
7,042.2
7,083.5
7,123.2
7,148.2
7,192.2
7,256.8
7,360.7
7,416.4
7,501.4
7,536.6
7,617.5
7,698.8
7,764.9
7,828.3

Total
durable
goods

552.6
595.9
646.9
720.3
804.6
863.3
900.7
964.8
1,028.5
1,089.9
948.4
956.9
983.4
970.4
979.1
1,014.0
1,061.0
1,060.0
1,071.6
1,072.5
1,100.4
1,115.1
1,122.3
1,144.9

Motor
vehicles
and
parts

272.3
285.4
304.7
339.0
372.4
386.5
405.8
429.0
449.7
457.0
422.1
422.5
445.6
425.9
431.6
445.9
466.8
454.4
453.9
448.1
461.4
464.6
455.0
465.9

Furniture
and
household
equipment

173.3
193.4
216.3
244.7
280.7
312.9
331.8
364.3
396.3
442.9
356.9
363.5
365.2
371.6
372.5
387.4
407.5
417.7
428.4
437.1
449.2
456.8
469.2
475.3

Nondurable goods

Other

111.2
119.6
127.3
137.6
151.7
163.9
163.2
172.4
184.5
195.8
170.3
172.1
172.7
174.4
176.1
182.2
188.5
191.3
193.7
193.1
196.0
200.2
206.5
211.7

Total
nondurable
goods

1,638.6
1,680.4
1,725.3
1,794.4
1,876.6
1,947.2
1,986.7
2,037.1
2,101.8
2,200.4
2,026.8
2,033.4
2,035.0
2,053.1
2,069.5
2,079.1
2,121.2
2,137.3
2,171.9
2,186.1
2,206.9
2,236.5
2,265.6
2,283.9

Food

827.1
834.7
845.2
865.6
893.6
925.2
940.2
954.6
980.1
1,029.1
950.2
954.5
954.4
959.5
969.2
970.5
987.7
992.8
1,015.5
1,022.5
1,030.9
1,047.4
1,060.9
1,069.8

1 Includes other items, not shown separately.
NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (2000) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.

4

Clothing
and
shoes

227.4
238.7
246.0
263.1
282.7
297.7
303.7
318.3
334.1
355.0
315.9
317.0
315.7
324.4
323.4
331.1
340.4
341.5
352.6
349.7
354.9
363.0
367.9
374.4

Gasoline
and
oil

154.5
157.9
162.8
170.3
176.3
175.7
178.3
181.9
183.2
185.9
181.3
182.0
183.2
181.2
181.7
181.7
184.0
185.3
184.7
185.5
185.4
188.1
192.1
191.7

Services

Fuel
oil
and
coal

18.7
18.4
16.9
16.0
16.4
15.8
15.2
15.5
15.5
15.5
14.7
15.6
15.5
16.3
15.7
14.7
15.6
16.1
15.6
15.4
16.0
15.0
15.6
14.4

Other

414.1
432.9
456.6
481.1
508.6
532.9
549.2
567.1
589.6
616.7
565.0
564.6
566.5
572.2
579.5
581.8
594.5
602.5
605.3
614.1
621.7
625.5
631.2
637.2

Total
services 1

3,259.9
3,356.0
3,468.0
3,615.0
3,758.0
3,928.8
4,023.2
4,100.4
4,183.9
4,310.9
4,069.4
4,095.7
4,109.0
4,127.4
4,146.5
4,169.7
4,190.2
4,229.4
4,269.0
4,288.6
4,324.0
4,362.1
4,392.0
4,417.4

Housing

887.5
901.1
922.5
948.8
978.6
1,006.5
1,033.7
1,042.1
1,048.4
1,078.4
1,044.4
1,043.7
1,041.0
1,039.3
1,041.3
1,044.5
1,050.1
1,057.7
1,067.6
1,074.6
1,081.9
1,089.5
1,095.6
1,101.3

See Note, p. 1.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Medical
care

906.4
922.5
942.8
970.7
989.0
1,026.8
1,075.2
1,136.6
1,184.9
1,233.5
1,113.5
1,129.9
1,144.4
1,158.8
1,169.8
1,180.1
1,187.6
1,202.2
1,211.4
1,225.5
1,241.6
1,255.4
1,269.1
1,281.0

Retail sales
of new passenger cars
and light
trucks (millions of
units)

14.7
15.1
15.1
15.5
16.9
17.3
17.1
16.8
16.6
16.9
16.7
16.6
17.4
16.6
16.2
16.4
17.2
16.7
16.6
16.6
17.1
17.1
16.5
17.2

SOURCES OF PERSONAL INCOME
Personal income rose $52.9 billion (annual rate) in June following an increase of $23.2 billion in May. Wages
and salaries rose $12.0 billion in June following an increase of $5.8 billion in May. (Series revised.)

[Billions of dollars; monthly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Compensation of employees, received
Supplements to
wages
and
salaries

Proprietors’ income 1

Personal income receipts on assets
Rental
income
of
persons 2

Personal
current
transfer
receipts 3

Less: Contributions
for government social
insurance

Total
personal
income

Total

1995 .................
1996 .................
1997 .................
1998 .................
1999 .................
2000 .................
2001 .................
2002 r ................
2003 r ................
2004 r ................
2004: June r .....
July r ......
Aug r ......
Sept r .....
Oct r .......
Nov r ......
Dec r* .....

6,152.3
6,520.6
6,915.1
7,423.0
7,802.4
8,429.7
8,724.1
8,881.9
9,169.1
9,713.3
9,642.8
9,689.0
9,739.8
9,759.0
9,858.4
9,924.9
10,291.0

4,177.0
4,386.9
4,664.6
5,020.1
5,352.0
5,782.7
5,942.1
6,091.2
6,321.1
6,687.6
6,620.7
6,679.8
6,721.0
6,772.0
6,836.6
6,896.6
6,954.3

3,419.3
3,619.6
3,877.6
4,183.4
4,466.3
4,829.2
4,942.8
4,980.9
5,111.1
5,389.4
5,331.4
5,384.2
5,418.9
5,462.8
5,513.2
5,563.2
5,612.2

757.7
767.3
787.0
836.7
885.7
953.4
999.3
1,110.3
1,210.0
1,298.1
1,289.3
1,295.6
1,302.0
1,309.2
1,323.4
1,333.4
1,342.1

22.7
37.3
34.2
29.4
28.6
22.7
19.7
10.6
27.7
35.8
42.0
35.2
29.3
24.7
26.5
24.5
23.0

469.5
505.9
541.8
598.4
649.7
705.7
752.2
757.8
782.4
853.8
859.7
863.4
860.6
854.1
873.2
875.6
880.0

122.1
131.5
128.8
137.5
147.3
150.3
167.4
152.9
131.7
134.2
140.4
138.7
132.2
95.5
132.5
128.3
125.4

1,016.4
1,089.2
1,181.7
1,283.2
1,264.2
1,387.0
1,380.0
1,333.2
1,338.7
1,396.5
1,370.4
1,375.2
1,378.4
1,381.0
1,388.1
1,394.2
1,698.5

763.2
793.0
848.7
933.2
928.6
1,011.0
1,011.0
936.1
917.6
905.9
906.5
906.3
904.9
902.8
904.9
907.2
910.0

253.2
296.2
333.0
349.9
335.6
376.1
369.0
397.2
421.1
490.6
463.9
468.8
473.5
478.2
483.2
487.0
788.5

877.4
925.0
951.2
978.6
1,022.1
1,084.0
1,193.9
1,286.2
1,344.0
1,427.5
1,424.2
1,418.1
1,443.9
1,462.5
1,439.0
1,449.4
1,459.4

532.8
555.2
587.2
624.2
661.4
702.7
731.1
750.0
776.6
822.2
814.6
821.3
825.6
830.8
837.3
843.7
849.6

2005: Jan r .......
Feb r .......
Mar r ......
Apr r .......
May r ......
June p ....

10,044.8
10,091.3
10,131.3
10,199.1
10,222.3
10,275.2

6,985.8
7,022.6
7,051.0
7,100.1
7,108.7
7,124.4

5,625.6
5,649.5
5,665.2
5,708.0
5,713.8
5,725.8

1,360.2
1,373.2
1,385.8
1,392.1
1,395.0
1,398.5

23.7
24.6
25.9
25.9
25.2
24.6

889.2
892.2
898.2
906.7
912.7
932.3

121.1
118.5
114.4
108.3
101.9
96.3

1,403.3
1,407.4
1,413.1
1,423.7
1,435.5
1,453.5

912.7
915.4
918.1
923.9
931.8
945.6

490.6
492.0
495.0
499.8
503.8
507.9

1,482.8
1,489.6
1,494.0
1,504.8
1,509.0
1,516.0

861.1
863.6
865.2
870.3
870.6
871.8

Period

1 With
2 With

Wage and
salary
disbursements

inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
capital consumption adjustment.
mainly of social insurance benefits to persons.

3 Consists

Farm

Nonfarm

Total

Personal
interest
income

Personal
dividend
income

* Personal income data for December 2004 reflect the payment of a special dividend by the
Microsoft Corporation.
Note.—Data beginning January 2002 reflect annual revisions released on August 2, 2005.
See Survey of Current Business, August 2005, for details.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

5

DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL INCOME
According to advance estimates, per capita disposable personal income in chained (2000) dollars rose at an
annual rate of 0.5 percent in the second quarter of 2005. (Series revised.)

Period

Personal
income

Less:
Personal
current
taxes

Equals:
Disposable
personal
income

Less:
Personal
outlays 1

Equals:
Personal
saving

Disposable
personal
income in
billions of
chained
(2000)
dollars

Per capita
disposable personal
income
Current
dollars

Billions of dollars
1995 ..............
1996 ..............
1997 ..............
1998 ..............
1999 ..............
2000 ..............
2001 ..............
2002 r ............
2003 r ............
2004 r ............

6,152.3
6,520.6
6,915.1
7,423.0
7,802.4
8,429.7
8,724.1
8,881.9
9,169.1
9,713.3

744.1
832.1
926.3
1,027.0
1,107.5
1,235.7
1,237.3
1,051.8
999.9
1,049.1

5,408.2
5,688.5
5,988.8
6,395.9
6,695.0
7,194.0
7,486.8
7,830.1
8,169.2
8,664.2

Chained
(2000)
dollars

Per capita personal
consumption
expenditures
Current
dollars

Chained
(2000)
dollars

Dollars

5,157.3
5,460.0
5,770.5
6,119.1
6,536.4
7,025.6
7,354.5
7,645.3
7,996.3
8,512.5

250.9
228.4
218.3
276.8
158.6
168.5
132.3
184.7
172.8
151.8

5,905.7
6,080.9
6,295.8
6,663.9
6,861.3
7,194.0
7,333.3
7,562.2
7,741.8
8,004.3

20,287
21,091
21,940
23,161
23,968
25,472
26,236
27,165
28,065
29,475

Percent
change
in real
per capita
disposable
personal
income

Saving as
percent of
disposable
personal
income

Population,
including
Armed
Forces
overseas
(thousands) 2

Percent

22,153
22,546
23,065
24,131
24,564
25,472
25,698
26,236
26,596
27,230

18,665
19,490
20,323
21,291
22,491
23,862
24,723
25,502
26,487
27,944

20,382
20,835
21,365
22,183
23,050
23,862
24,216
24,630
25,101
25,816

1.6
1.8
2.3
4.6
1.8
3.7
.9
2.1
1.4
2.4

4.6
4.0
3.6
4.3
2.4
2.3
1.8
2.4
2.1
1.8

266,588
269,714
272,958
276,154
279,328
282,429
285,366
288,240
291,085
293,951

26,292
26,355
26,182
26,127
26,228
26,459
26,853
26,846
27,026
27,045
27,159
27,685
27,425
27,459

25,179
25,444
25,631
25,760
26,054
26,269
26,703
26,921
27,426
27,750
28,076
28,522
28,864
29,274

24,524
24,612
24,684
24,706
24,803
24,967
25,256
25,380
25,613
25,675
25,882
26,091
26,258
26,413

10.6
1.0
¥2.6
¥.8
1.6
3.6
6.1
¥.1
2.7
.3
1.7
8.0
¥3.7
.5

2.9
2.8
2.0
1.8
1.9
2.1
2.5
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.2
2.3
.7
.2

287,154
287,812
288,575
289,328
289,977
290,656
291,442
292,217
292,872
293,540
294,315
295,077
295,720
296,384

Seasonally adjusted annual rates
2002: I r ....... 8,814.7
II r ...... 8,892.0
III r .... 8,895.4
IV r ..... 8,925.5
2003: I r ....... 9,013.7
II r ...... 9,118.6
III r .... 9,215.4
IV r ..... 9,328.7
2004: I r ....... 9,484.8
II r ...... 9,614.3
III r .... 9,729.2
IV r ..... 10,024.8
2005: I r ....... 10,089.2
II p ...... 10,232.2

1,063.2
1,050.3
1,050.0
1,043.8
1,024.3
1,026.9
940.8
1,007.6
1,009.6
1,034.0
1,058.4
1,094.3
1,174.0
1,212.1

7,751.5
7,841.7
7,845.4
7,881.7
7,989.4
8,091.7
8,274.6
8,321.0
8,475.3
8,580.3
8,670.9
8,930.4
8,915.1
9,020.1

7,526.1
7,620.5
7,692.4
7,742.4
7,835.4
7,922.1
8,069.5
8,158.4
8,319.4
8,439.1
8,566.3
8,725.0
8,854.6
9,001.7

225.4
221.2
153.0
139.3
154.0
169.6
205.1
162.6
155.8
141.2
104.6
205.4
60.5
18.4

7,549.9
7,585.2
7,555.5
7,559.3
7,605.5
7,690.5
7,826.2
7,844.8
7,915.1
7,938.8
7,993.3
8,169.2
8,110.0
8,138.4

1 Includes personal consumption expenditures, personal interest payments (nonmortgage), and
personal current transfer payments.
2 Annual data are averages of quarterly data, which are averages for the period.

6

26,994
27,246
27,187
27,241
27,552
27,839
28,392
28,475
28,939
29,231
29,461
30,265
30,147
30,434

Note.—See Note, p. 1.
Source: Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic Analysis and Bureau of the Census).

FARM INCOME
According to the preliminary forecast for 2005, gross farm income is forecast at $273.4 billion, and net farm income
at $64.4 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Income of farm operators from farming
Gross farm income
Period

Cash marketing receipts
Total 1
Total

1996 ................................
1997 ................................
1998 ................................
1999 ................................
2000 ................................
2001 ................................
2002 ................................
2003 ................................
2004 ................................
2005 p ..............................
2003: I ..........................
II .........................
III ........................
IV ........................
2004: I ..........................
II .........................
III ........................
IV ........................
2005: I p ........................
II p ........................
III p ......................
IV p .......................

235.8
238.2
232.4
234.5
241.3
248.3
230.7
256.9
285.0
273.4
269.3
254.9
242.2
261.1
327.9
287.2
260.4
264.5
311.1
266.9
255.1
260.4

199.4
207.9
196.4
187.7
192.1
200.1
195.1
211.6
235.4
222.4
208.9
218.8
206.8
212.1
260.5
245.3
221.3
214.6
235.2
230.2
218.5
205.8

Livestock and
products

92.9
96.5
94.2
95.7
99.6
106.7
93.8
105.5
122.2
117.9
106.6
108.1
106.5
100.7
126.2
138.3
118.0
106.6
127.6
120.3
114.3
109.3

1 Cash marketing receipts, Government payments, value of changes in inventories, other farm
related cash income, and nonmoney income produced by farms including imputed rent of operator residences.
2 Crop receipts include proceeds received from commodities placed under Commodity Credit
Corporation loans.
3 Physical changes in beginning and ending year inventories of crop and livestock commodities
valued at weighted average market prices during the period.

Crops 2

106.5
111.4
102.2
92.1
92.5
93.4
101.3
106.2
113.2
104.6
102.3
110.7
100.3
111.4
134.3
107.1
103.3
108.0
107.6
109.9
104.2
96.5

Value of
inventory
changes 3

7.9
.6
¥.6
¥.2
1.6
1.1
¥3.3
.8
6.1
¥3.4
.8
.8
.8
.8
6.7
6.3
5.7
5.5
¥3.6
¥3.6
¥3.4
¥3.2

Direct
Government
payments 4

Production
expenses

7.3
7.5
12.4
21.5
22.9
20.7
11.0
15.9
14.5
24.1
31.4
5.9
6.8
19.7
28.6
5.4
6.2
17.9
47.5
8.9
10.3
29.8

177.9
186.9
185.9
187.4
193.4
197.7
193.4
197.6
211.4
208.9
195.1
204.3
193.1
198.1
233.9
220.3
198.7
192.7
220.9
216.2
205.2
193.3

Net farm
income

57.9
51.3
46.5
47.1
47.9
50.6
37.3
59.2
73.6
64.4
74.1
50.6
49.1
63.1
94.0
67.0
61.7
71.8
90.1
50.6
49.9
67.1

4 Includes only Government payments made directly to farmers.
NOTE.—Data for 2004 and 2005 are forecasts.
Source: Department of Agriculture.

7

CORPORATE PROFITS
In the first quarter of 2005, according to revised estimates, corporate profits before tax rose $254.2 billion (annual
rate) and profits after tax rose $184.6 billion. (Series revised.)

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Profits (before tax) with inventory valuation adjustment 1

Profits after tax

Domestic industries
Period

Profits
before
tax

Nonfinancial

Total 2
Total

Financial

Total 3

Manufacturing

Utilities

Wholesale

Retail

Taxes
on
corporate
income

Total

Net
dividends

Undistributed
profits

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

..............
..............
..............
..............

656.0
736.1
812.3
738.5

563.2
634.2
701.4
635.5

162.2
172.6
193.0
165.9

401.0
461.6
508.4
469.6

173.7
188.8
209.0
173.5

................
................
................
................

27.3
39.8
47.6
52.3

43.1
51.9
64.2
73.4

674.3
733.0
798.2
718.3

218.7
231.7
246.1
248.3

455.6
501.4
552.1
470.0

254.2
297.6
334.5
351.6

201.4
203.8
217.6
118.3

¥18.3
3.1
14.1
20.2

1998 4 ...........
1999 ..............
2000 ..............
2001 ..............
2002 r .............
2003 r .............
2004 r .............

738.5
776.8
759.3
719.2
766.2
923.9
1,019.7

635.5
655.3
613.6
549.5
610.4
747.9
834.8

165.4
194.3
200.2
227.6
276.4
313.0
300.6

470.1
461.1
413.4
322.0
334.0
434.9
534.2

157.0
150.6
144.3
52.6
48.2
80.7
118.9

32.7
33.1
24.4
24.7
10.6
11.4
12.1

53.2
55.5
59.7
52.1
49.3
56.3
63.5

66.4
65.2
59.6
71.0
79.4
87.7
90.0

718.3
775.9
773.4
707.9
768.4
937.2
1,059.3

248.3
258.6
265.2
204.1
192.6
232.1
271.1

470.0
517.2
508.2
503.8
575.8
705.1
788.2

351.6
337.4
377.9
370.9
399.2
423.2
493.0

118.3
179.9
130.3
132.9
176.6
281.9
295.2

20.2
1.0
¥14.1
11.3
¥2.2
¥13.3
¥39.6

2002: I r .......
II r ......
III r ....
IV r .....
2003: I r .......
II r ......
III r ....
IV r .....
2004: I r .......
II r ......
III r ....
IV r .....
2005: I r .......
II p ......

707.0
740.5
774.5
842.7
858.0
891.0
944.0
1,002.6
1,001.2
1,016.5
981.3
1,079.7
1,339.2
............

552.0
593.3
620.0
676.2
703.5
721.2
769.2
797.6
803.0
839.7
795.5
901.1
1,145.7
............

277.9
277.7
274.6
275.3
304.8
309.0
320.4
317.9
324.1
316.1
242.8
319.4
377.2
............

274.2
315.6
345.4
400.9
398.7
412.2
448.9
479.7
479.0
523.6
552.7
581.7
768.5
............

27.8
40.0
55.0
70.0
70.9
68.0
79.2
104.8
97.3
107.3
116.2
154.7
170.2
................

7.1
10.1
12.6
12.8
12.3
10.4
10.7
12.3
11.0
11.7
11.4
14.1
23.7
................

48.5
52.6
45.3
50.7
48.6
50.3
62.1
64.1
56.8
61.3
69.1
66.9
81.4
..............

75.7
79.7
80.2
82.1
81.4
90.4
90.3
88.8
97.5
92.9
81.9
87.7
104.6
..............

693.8
742.1
786.4
851.5
883.0
893.1
949.0
1,023.4
1,030.2
1,064.9
1,018.2
1,124.1
1,378.3
............

174.9
188.5
196.9
210.2
223.9
221.7
235.3
247.5
257.9
274.7
259.0
293.0
362.6
............

518.9
553.6
589.5
641.3
659.1
671.4
713.8
775.9
772.3
790.2
759.2
831.1
1,015.7
..............

382.5
396.1
406.1
412.0
416.3
419.9
424.6
432.0
445.9
460.9
475.9
589.3
494.9
506.3

136.4
157.5
183.4
229.3
242.8
251.5
289.2
343.9
326.4
329.2
283.4
241.8
520.8
..............

13.3
¥1.6
¥11.8
¥8.8
¥25.0
¥2.1
¥5.1
¥20.8
¥28.9
¥48.3
¥36.9
¥44.4
¥39.1
............

1995
1996
1997
1998

1 See

p. 4 for profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
rest of the world, not shown separately.
3 Includes industries not shown separately.
2 Includes

8

4 Data by industry beginning 1998 are based on the 1997 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and are not directly comparable with data for prior years shown,
which are based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC).
Note.—See Note, p. 1.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

REAL GROSS PRIVATE DOMESTIC INVESTMENT
In the second quarter of 2005, according to advance estimates, nonresidential fixed investment in chained (2000)
dollars rose $27.3 billion (annual rate) and residential investment rose $13.8 billion. There was a decrease of $6.4
billion in inventories following an increase of $58.2 billion in the first quarter. (Series revised.)

[Billions of chained (2000) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Fixed investment
Period

Gross
private
domestic
investment

Change in private
inventories

Nonresidential
Total
Total

Equipment
and software

Residential

Structures

Total

Nonfarm

1995 .................................................................................
1996 .................................................................................
1997 .................................................................................
1998 .................................................................................
1999 .................................................................................
2000 .................................................................................
2001 .................................................................................
2002 r ................................................................................
2003 r ................................................................................
2004 r ................................................................................

1,134.0
1,234.3
1,387.7
1,524.1
1,642.6
1,735.5
1,598.4
1,557.1
1,617.4
1,809.8

1,109.6
1,209.2
1,320.6
1,455.0
1,576.3
1,679.0
1,629.4
1,544.6
1,600.0
1,755.1

762.5
833.6
934.2
1,037.8
1,133.3
1,232.1
1,180.5
1,071.5
1,085.0
1,186.7

247.1
261.1
280.1
294.5
293.2
313.2
306.1
253.8
243.1
248.4

523.1
578.7
658.3
745.6
840.2
918.9
874.2
820.2
846.8
947.6

353.1
381.3
388.6
418.3
443.6
446.9
448.5
469.9
509.4
561.8

29.9
28.7
71.2
72.6
68.9
56.5
¥31.7
12.5
15.5
52.0

41.3
21.7
68.5
71.2
71.5
57.8
¥31.8
15.2
15.5
49.9

2002: I r ...........................................................................
II r .........................................................................
III r ........................................................................
IV r ........................................................................
2003: I r ...........................................................................
II r .........................................................................
III r ........................................................................
IV r ........................................................................

1,541.7
1,549.0
1,570.9
1,567.0
1,565.3
1,575.8
1,640.6
1,687.9

1,551.5
1,545.9
1,543.2
1,537.8
1,540.9
1,573.7
1,629.0
1,656.3

1,090.3
1,073.3
1,068.0
1,054.5
1,051.6
1,072.9
1,101.8
1,113.7

270.3
256.4
245.8
242.5
237.3
244.8
244.7
245.5

820.9
819.0
825.7
815.4
818.7
832.0
862.4
874.0

459.0
469.5
471.8
479.3
484.8
496.0
521.2
535.7

¥10.2
2.6
28.0
29.5
24.0
¥.4
9.3
29.0

¥11.1
12.4
29.3
29.9
19.7
1.0
13.0
28.1

2004: I r ...........................................................................
II r .........................................................................
III r ........................................................................
IV r ........................................................................

1,729.1
1,813.0
1,833.4
1,863.9

1,684.4
1,744.5
1,780.2
1,811.3

1,135.1
1,171.6
1,204.8
1,235.1

243.4
248.5
249.4
252.3

899.1
931.4
965.6
994.2

542.4
565.1
568.8
571.0

41.9
65.6
50.4
50.1

46.8
58.5
43.7
50.8

2005: I r ...........................................................................
II p .........................................................................

1,902.9
1,879.0

1,842.2
1,883.6

1,252.2
1,279.5

251.0
253.0

1,014.2
1,041.1

584.1
597.9

58.2
¥6.4

61.8
¥2.1

NOTE.—See p. 10 for further detail on fixed investment by type.
Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (2000) dollar estimates
for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any intermediate aggregates.

See Note, p. 1.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

9

REAL PRIVATE FIXED INVESTMENT BY TYPE
[Billions of chained (2000) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Nonresidential

Residential

Equipment and software

Period

Total
fixed
investment

Structures

Information processing equipment
and software
Total
nonresidential

Structures

Total

Computers and
peripheral
equipment 1

Software

Total

Transportation
equipment

Other
equipment

Total
residential

Total 2

Single
family

Other

Industrial
equipment

Equipment

1995 ...........................
1996 ...........................
1997 ...........................
1998 ...........................
1999 ...........................
2000 ...........................
2001 ...........................
2002 r ..........................
2003 r ..........................
2004 r ..........................
2002: I r .....................
II r ....................
III r ..................
IV r ...................
2003: I r .....................
II r ....................
III r ..................
IV r ...................

1,109.6
1,209.2
1,320.6
1,455.0
1,576.3
1,679.0
1,629.4
1,544.6
1,600.0
1,755.1
1,551.5
1,545.9
1,543.2
1,537.8
1,540.9
1,573.7
1,629.0
1,656.3

762.5
833.6
934.2
1,037.8
1,133.3
1,232.1
1,180.5
1,071.5
1,085.0
1,186.7
1,090.3
1,073.3
1,068.0
1,054.5
1,051.6
1,072.9
1,101.8
1,113.7

247.1
261.1
280.1
294.5
293.2
313.2
306.1
253.8
243.1
248.4
270.3
256.4
245.8
242.5
237.3
244.8
244.7
245.5

523.1
578.7
658.3
745.6
840.2
918.9
874.2
820.2
846.8
947.6
820.9
819.0
825.7
815.4
818.7
832.0
862.4
874.0

182.7
218.9
269.9
328.9
398.5
467.6
459.0
437.4
459.7
522.4
435.0
437.1
444.2
433.3
439.4
445.3
469.0
485.3

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

71.6
84.1
108.8
129.4
157.2
176.2
173.8
169.7
175.7
188.8
166.3
170.2
173.4
168.7
169.8
171.0
178.9
183.2

107.0
117.2
127.3
143.2
158.0
190.0
181.7
161.1
166.2
188.9
162.9
162.6
161.7
157.1
159.7
161.1
169.1
174.9

134.9
139.9
143.0
148.1
147.9
159.2
145.7
134.5
134.9
139.4
135.8
132.7
134.7
134.9
138.8
135.6
134.5
130.7

120.6
125.4
135.9
145.4
167.7
160.8
142.8
126.0
123.1
138.7
130.4
126.1
124.1
123.5
116.7
126.3
126.6
122.6

101.7
105.6
115.8
125.7
126.7
131.2
126.9
122.9
130.7
150.0
120.3
123.8
123.6
124.1
124.5
125.5
134.0
138.8

353.1
381.3
388.6
418.3
443.6
446.9
448.5
469.9
509.4
561.8
459.0
469.5
471.8
479.3
484.8
496.0
521.2
535.7

346.8
375.1
382.4
411.9
436.6
439.5
441.1
462.2
501.3
552.9
451.4
461.8
464.2
471.6
477.1
488.0
512.9
527.1

180.6
197.3
196.6
218.1
234.2
236.8
237.1
246.3
272.6
307.5
238.0
245.9
248.9
252.4
257.8
262.4
276.4
293.8

6.2
6.2
6.1
6.4
7.0
7.4
7.4
7.7
8.1
8.9
7.6
7.7
7.6
7.7
7.7
7.9
8.3
8.5

2004: I r .....................
II r ....................
III r ..................
IV r ...................

1,684.4
1,744.5
1,780.2
1,811.3

1,135.1
1,171.6
1,204.8
1,235.1

243.4
248.5
249.4
252.3

899.1
931.4
965.6
994.2

504.8
517.4
527.9
539.7

.............
.............
.............
.............

185.5
186.9
190.0
192.8

184.7
189.5
191.1
190.3

135.9
134.4
142.8
144.5

121.9
136.7
142.8
153.3

141.3
146.4
154.3
158.0

542.4
565.1
568.8
571.0

533.7
556.2
559.7
561.8

298.0
308.2
312.0
312.0

8.7
8.8
9.0
9.2

2005: I r .....................
II p ...................

1,842.2
1,883.6

1,252.2
1,279.5

251.0
253.0

1,014.2
1,041.1

565.1
581.4

.............
.............

199.8
203.8

196.3
197.0

150.9
142.9

148.8
162.1

153.9
159.5

584.1
597.9

574.8
588.6

320.5
323.1

9.2
9.2

1 For details on this component, see Survey of Current Business, Tables 5.3.6, 5.3.1 for
growth rates, 5.3.2 for contributions, and 5.3.3 for quantity indexes.
2 Includes other items, not shown separately.

NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (2000) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.
See Note, p. 1.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

BUSINESS INVESTMENT
[Billions of dollars]
Capital expenditures
By industry

Period

Total
capital
expenditures

Total
by
industry

Forestry,
fishing
Con- Manuand
Min- Utili- strucfacagriing
ties
turtion
culing
tural
services

ProFor
Real fesscomTransesional, Health
panies
portaFiWhole- Retail
tion
Infor- nance tate scien- care Other withand
tific,
and
out
sale
and
maand
1
and
emtrade trade waretion insur- rental tech- social
and
assisployhousance leas- nical tance
ees
ing
ing
services

For companies with employees
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

..............................
.............................
..............................
.............................
.............................
.............................
.............................
.............................

807.1 .............. ........... ........ ......... .......... ........... ............ .......... ............ .......... .......... .......... .......... ........... .......... ..........
871.8 .............. ........... ........ ......... .......... ........... ............ .......... ............ .......... .......... .......... .......... ........... .......... ..........
970.9
896.5
0.9 40.4 36.0 26.9 203.6
29.2 57.3
51.3 96.5 118.2 85.2
22.3
47.1 81.7 74.4
1,047.0
974.6
1.7 30.6 42.8 23.1 196.4
32.4 64.1
57.3 122.8 130.1 100.6
29.5
51.3 91.8 72.3
1,161.0 1,089.9
1.5 42.5 61.3 25.0 214.8
33.6 69.8
59.9 160.2 133.7 92.5
34.1
52.2 108.9 71.2
1,109.0 1,052.3
1.5 51.3 82.8 24.8 192.8
30.0 66.9
57.8 144.8 131.1 82.7
30.5
52.9 102.5 56.7
997.9
917.5
1.9 42.5 65.5 24.8 157.2
26.8 59.3
47.1 88.2 128.4 94.5
25.9
59.3 96.1 80.4
983.8
895.6
1.9 50.5 54.7 23.1 149.5
28.4 65.5
44.9 81.7 125.1 89.4
24.9
60.8 95.2 88.2

1 Includes the following industries: Management of companies and enterprises; administrative
and support and waste management; educational services; arts, entertainment, and recreation;
accommodation and food services; and other services (except public administration). Also includes an item for structure and equipment expenditures serving multiple industry categories.

10

NOTE.—Data from Annual Capital Expenditures. Industry data are based on the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS): 1997.
Data shown in this table are capital expenditures for both new and used structures and
equipment.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES
STATUS OF THE LABOR FORCE
In July, employment rose by 438,000 and unemployment rose by 11,000.

[Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted except as noted by NSA]
Civilian employment

Period

1995 ......................
1996 ......................
1997 2 ....................
1998 2 ....................
1999 2 ....................
2000 2 ....................
2001 .....................
2002 ......................
2003 2 ....................
2004 2 ....................
2004: July ............
Aug ............
Sept ...........
Oct .............
Nov ............
Dec ............
2005: Jan 2 ..........
Feb ............
Mar ............
Apr .............
May ............
June ...........
July ............

Civilian
noninstitutional
population
(NSA)

Civilian
labor
force

198,584
200,591
203,133
205,220
207,753
212,577
215,092
217,570
221,168
223,357
223,422
223,677
223,941
224,192
224,422
224,640
224,837
225,041
225,236
225,441
225,670
225,911
226,153

132,304
133,943
136,297
137,673
139,368
142,583
143,734
144,863
146,510
147,401
147,823
147,676
147,531
147,893
148,313
148,203
147,979
148,132
148,157
148,762
149,122
149,123
149,573

Percent 1

Unemployment

Total

Men
20
years
and
over

Women
20
years
and
over

Both
sexes
16–19
years

124,900
126,708
129,558
131,463
133,488
136,891
136,933
136,485
137,736
139,252
139,639
139,658
139,527
139,827
140,293
140,156
140,241
140,144
140,501
141,099
141,475
141,638
142,076

64,085
64,897
66,284
67,135
67,761
69,634
69,776
69,734
70,415
71,572
71,830
71,847
71,701
71,895
72,134
72,020
72,029
72,131
72,429
72,817
73,100
73,174
73,363

54,396
55,311
56,613
57,278
58,555
60,067
60,417
60,420
61,402
61,773
61,902
61,877
61,939
62,024
62,145
62,208
62,295
62,202
62,099
62,384
62,464
62,451
62,690

6,419
6,500
6,661
7,051
7,172
7,189
6,740
6,332
5,919
5,907
5,907
5,934
5,887
5,908
6,014
5,927
5,917
5,811
5,973
5,897
5,911
6,013
6,024

1 Civilian labor force (or employment) as percent of civilian noninstitutional population; and
unemployment as percent of civilian labor force.
2 Not strictly comparable with earlier data.
NOTE.—Beginning January 2005 data reflect revised population controls and are not strictly
comparable with earlier data.

Total

7,404
7,236
6,739
6,210
5,880
5,692
6,801
8,378
8,774
8,149
8,184
8,018
8,005
8,066
8,020
8,047
7,737
7,988
7,656
7,663
7,647
7,486
7,497

Men
20
years
and
over
3,239
3,146
2,882
2,580
2,433
2,376
3,040
3,896
4,209
3,791
3,737
3,768
3,761
3,736
3,733
3,733
3,565
3,685
3,492
3,356
3,339
3,288
3,261

Women
20
years
and
over

Both
sexes
16–19
years

2,819
2,783
2,585
2,424
2,285
2,235
2,599
3,228
3,314
3,150
3,183
3,032
3,069
3,102
3,099
3,051
3,023
3,068
2,952
3,036
3,015
3,019
3,078

1,346
1,306
1,271
1,205
1,162
1,081
1,162
1,253
1,251
1,208
1,265
1,217
1,175
1,227
1,188
1,262
1,150
1,235
1,212
1,271
1,293
1,178
1,158

Not in
labor
force

Labor
force
participation
rate

Employment/
population
ratio

Unemployment
rate

66.6
66.8
67.1
67.1
67.1
67.1
66.8
66.6
66.2
66.0
66.2
66.0
65.9
66.0
66.1
66.0
65.8
65.8
65.8
66.0
66.1
66.0
66.1

62.9
63.2
63.8
64.1
64.3
64.4
63.7
62.7
62.3
62.3
62.5
62.4
62.3
62.4
62.5
62.4
62.4
62.3
62.4
62.6
62.7
62.7
62.8

5.6
5.4
4.9
4.5
4.2
4.0
4.7
5.8
6.0
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.0
5.0

66,280
66,647
66,837
67,547
68,385
69,994
71,359
72,707
74,658
75,956
75,599
76,001
76,410
76,299
76,109
76,437
76,858
76,909
77,079
76,679
76,547
76,787
76,580

See Employment and Earnings for details on breaks in series.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

11

SELECTED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
In July, the unemployment rate was unchanged from June at 5.0 percent.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force in group)
By race or ethnicity 1

By sex and age
Period

1995 .........................
1996 .........................
1997 .........................
1998 .........................
1999 .........................
2000 ........................
2001 ........................
2002 ........................
2003 ........................
2004 .........................
2004: July ...............
Aug ...............
Sept ..............
Oct ................
Nov ...............
Dec ...............
2005: Jan ...............
Feb ...............
Mar ...............
Apr ...............
May ...............
June ..............
July ...............

All
civilian
workers

5.6
5.4
4.9
4.5
4.2
4.0
4.7
5.8
6.0
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.0
5.0

Men
20 years
and over

Women
20 years
and over

4.8
4.6
4.2
3.7
3.5
3.3
4.2
5.3
5.6
5.0
4.9
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.7
4.9
4.6
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3

4.9
4.8
4.4
4.1
3.8
3.6
4.1
5.1
5.1
4.9
4.9
4.7
4.7
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.7
4.5
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.7

Both
sexes
16–19
years

17.3
16.7
16.0
14.6
13.9
13.1
14.7
16.5
17.5
17.0
17.6
17.0
16.6
17.2
16.5
17.6
16.3
17.5
16.9
17.7
17.9
16.4
16.1

White

4.9
4.7
4.2
3.9
3.7
3.5
4.2
5.1
5.2
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.4
4.6
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3

1 Beginning in 2003, persons who selected this race group only. Prior to 2003, persons who
reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as the main race. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

12

By selected groups

Black or
African
American

Asian
(NSA)

Hispanic or
Latino
ethnicity

10.4
10.5
10.0
8.9
8.0
7.6
8.6
10.2
10.8
10.4
11.0
10.5
10.4
10.7
10.8
10.8
10.6
10.9
10.3
10.4
10.1
10.3
9.5

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
3.6
4.5
5.9
6.0
4.4
4.3
3.6
4.3
4.8
4.2
4.1
4.2
4.5
3.9
3.9
3.9
4.0
5.2

9.3
8.9
7.7
7.2
6.4
5.7
6.6
7.5
7.7
7.0
6.8
6.9
7.0
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.1
6.4
5.7
6.4
6.0
5.8
5.5

Married
men,
spouse
present

Women
who
maintain
families
(NSA)

Full-time
workers

Part-time
workers

8.0
8.2
8.1
7.2
6.4
5.9
6.6
8.0
8.5
8.0
9.0
8.3
8.2
7.8
7.7
7.1
8.2
8.0
8.0
7.7
7.9
8.2
8.8

5.5
5.3
4.8
4.3
4.1
3.8
4.7
5.9
6.1
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.2
5.4
5.1
5.1
5.0
4.9
4.9

6.0
5.8
5.5
5.3
5.0
4.8
5.1
5.2
5.5
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.0
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.6
5.4
5.5

3.3
3.0
2.7
2.4
2.2
2.0
2.7
3.6
3.8
3.1
3.2
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.6

NOTE.—Data relate to persons age 16 years and over.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED MEASURES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
PROGRAMS
In July, the percentage of the unemployed who had been out of work for less than 5 weeks fell; the percentages
for 5–14 weeks and for 27 weeks and over rose; and the percentage for 15–26 weeks was unchanged. The
mean duration of unemployment rose to 17.6 weeks and the median duration fell to 9.0 weeks.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
Duration of unemployment

Period

Unemployment
(thousands)

Percent distribution
Less
than
5
weeks

5–14
weeks

15–26
weeks

Reason for unemployment:
percent distribution

State
programs

Number of weeks
27
weeks
and
over

Average
(mean)

Median

Job
losers 1

Job
leavers

Reentrants

New
entrants

Insured
unemployment

Initial
claims

Insured
unemployment,
all
regular
programs
(unadjusted) 2

Weekly average, thousands
1995 ........................................
1996 ........................................
1997 ........................................
1998 ........................................
1999 ........................................
2000 ........................................
2001 ........................................
2002 ........................................
2003 ........................................
2004 ........................................
2004: July .............................
Aug ..............................
Sept .............................
Oct ..............................
Nov ..............................
Dec ...............................
2005: Jan ..............................
Feb ..............................
Mar ..............................
Apr ...............................
May ..............................
June .............................
July ..............................

7,404
7,236
6,739
6,210
5,880
5,692
6,801
8,378
8,774
8,149
8,184
8,018
8,005
8,066
8,020
8,047
7,737
7,988
7,656
7,663
7,647
7,486
7,497

36.5
36.4
37.7
42.2
43.7
44.9
42.0
34.5
31.7
33.1
34.4
32.4
34.9
34.1
32.7
35.4
33.5
34.6
33.0
34.9
35.4
36.2
34.6

31.6
31.6
31.7
31.4
31.2
31.9
32.3
30.8
29.8
29.2
30.2
31.3
28.1
28.4
29.6
28.0
30.2
29.1
30.3
29.7
29.7
31.8
32.7

14.6
14.6
14.8
12.3
12.8
11.8
14.0
16.3
16.4
15.9
14.7
15.4
15.3
15.6
16.2
16.4
15.5
15.8
15.2
14.2
14.9
14.1
14.1

17.3
17.4
15.8
14.1
12.3
11.4
11.8
18.3
22.1
21.8
20.7
20.9
21.7
21.9
21.5
20.2
20.9
20.5
21.5
21.2
20.1
17.8
18.7

1 Beginning January 1994, job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs.
2 Includes State (50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands), ex-servicemen (UCX), and Federal (UCFE). Also includes Federal and State extended benefit programs. Does not include Railroad (RR) program, Federal supplemental compensation or Emergency Unemployment Compensation programs.

16.6
16.7
15.8
14.5
13.4
12.6
13.1
16.6
19.2
19.6
18.5
19.2
19.6
19.7
19.8
19.3
19.3
19.1
19.5
19.6
18.8
17.1
17.6

8.3
8.3
8.0
6.7
6.4
5.9
6.8
9.1
10.1
9.8
8.9
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.8
9.5
9.4
9.3
9.3
8.9
9.1
9.1
9.0

46.9
46.6
45.1
45.5
44.6
44.2
51.1
55.0
55.1
51.5
51.9
49.7
50.4
50.5
50.5
50.9
51.8
49.2
49.1
47.9
47.5
49.7
48.6

11.1
10.7
11.8
11.8
13.3
13.7
12.3
10.3
9.3
10.5
11.0
11.1
10.4
10.3
10.9
11.1
10.5
11.9
11.1
11.7
12.3
11.4
11.0

34.1
34.7
34.7
34.3
34.1
34.5
29.9
28.3
28.2
29.5
28.6
30.5
30.4
29.9
29.6
29.2
29.7
29.7
30.6
30.7
30.7
30.0
32.0

7.8
8.0
8.4
8.4
8.0
7.6
6.8
6.4
7.3
8.4
8.4
8.7
8.8
9.3
9.0
8.8
8.0
9.2
9.2
9.7
9.5
8.9
8.4

2,572
2,595
2,323
2,222
2,188
2,110
2,974
3,585
3,531
2,950
2,888
2,875
2,846
2,797
2,756
2,738
2,723
2,674
2,652
2,593
2,590
2,600
..............

357
356
323
321
298
301
404
407
404
345
340
339
343
339
336
332
329
309
337
323
334
r 323
p 317

2,633
2,650
2,366
2,257
2,219
2,141
3,007
3,619
3,569
2,995
2,724
2,914
2,401
2,426
2,621
2,693
3,654
3,258
2,954
2,659
r 2,587
2,410
.................

NOTE.—Data relate to persons age 16 years and over (except for insured unemployment and
initial claims).
Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics and Employment and Training Administration).

13

NONAGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
Total nonagricultural employment as measured by the payroll survey rose by 207,000 in July.

[Thousands of wage and salary workers; 1 monthly data seasonally adjusted]

Goods-producing industries

Period

Total
nonagricultural
employment

Total 2

Construction

Manufacturing

Service-providing industries

Total

Trade, transportation, and
utilities
Total 3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2004:

......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
July ............
Aug ............
Sept ...........
Oct .............
Nov ............
Dec .............
2005: Jan .............
Feb .............
Mar ............
Apr .............
May r ...........
June r ..........
July p ..........

117,298
119,708
122,776
125,930
128,993
131,785
131,826
130,341
129,999
131,480
131,562
131,750
131,880
132,162
132,294
132,449
132,573
132,873
132,995
133,287
133,413
133,579
133,786

23,156
23,410
23,886
24,354
24,465
24,649
23,873
22,557
21,816
21,884
21,902
21,946
21,947
21,982
21,996
22,022
22,004
22,066
22,093
22,130
22,138
22,136
22,140

5,274
5,536
5,813
6,149
6,545
6,787
6,826
6,716
6,735
6,964
6,965
6,985
6,998
7,043
7,060
7,086
7,090
7,133
7,159
7,207
7,213
7,228
7,235

17,241
17,237
17,419
17,560
17,322
17,263
16,441
15,259
14,510
14,329
14,341
14,366
14,352
14,344
14,337
14,334
14,307
14,321
14,315
14,300
14,301
14,280
14,276

94,142
96,299
98,890
101,576
104,528
107,136
107,952
107,784
108,182
109,596
109,660
109,804
109,933
110,180
110,298
110,427
110,569
110,807
110,902
111,157
111,275
111,443
111,646

Retail
trade

23,834
24,239
24,700
25,186
25,771
26,225
25,983
25,497
25,287
25,510
25,536
25,537
25,555
25,581
25,621
25,620
25,652
25,714
25,743
25,797
25,842
25,850
25,916

13,897
14,143
14,389
14,609
14,970
15,280
15,239
15,025
14,917
15,035
15,048
15,043
15,038
15,057
15,081
15,077
15,081
15,125
15,129
15,158
15,186
15,195
15,245

1 Data from the establishment survey. Includes all full- and part-time wage and salary workers in nonagricultural establishments who received pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Excludes proprietors, self-employed persons, unpaid family workers, and private household workers. Data from the household survey shown on p. 11 include
those workers and also count persons as employed when they are not at work because of industrial disputes, bad weather, etc., even if they are not paid for the time off. In the series shown
here, persons who work at more than one job are counted each time they appear on a payroll,
in contrast to the series shown on p. 11 where persons are counted only once—as employed,
unemployed, or not in the labor force. See Employment and Earnings for details.

14

Information
2,843
2,940
3,084
3,218
3,419
3,631
3,629
3,395
3,188
3,138
3,144
3,135
3,127
3,131
3,133
3,127
3,123
3,127
3,134
3,152
3,146
3,146
3,148

Financial
activities
6,827
6,969
7,178
7,462
7,648
7,687
7,807
7,847
7,977
8,052
8,043
8,058
8,083
8,093
8,107
8,128
8,150
8,165
8,167
8,182
8,189
8,208
8,229

Profes- Educasional
tion Leisure
and
and
and
busihealth hospiness services tality
services
12,844
13,462
14,335
15,147
15,957
16,666
16,476
15,976
15,987
16,414
16,453
16,470
16,514
16,614
16,611
16,674
16,694
16,775
16,796
16,843
16,851
16,908
16,941

13,289
13,683
14,087
14,446
14,798
15,109
15,645
16,199
16,588
16,954
16,963
17,010
17,019
17,081
17,108
17,142
17,178
17,186
17,210
17,243
17,289
17,332
17,353

10,501
10,777
11,018
11,232
11,543
11,862
12,036
11,986
12,173
12,479
12,497
12,508
12,522
12,546
12,571
12,589
12,611
12,650
12,662
12,723
12,736
12,760
12,793

Other
services

Government

Total
4,572
4,690
4,825
4,976
5,087
5,168
5,258
5,372
5,401
5,431
5,438
5,441
5,436
5,434
5,441
5,447
5,451
5,457
5,459
5,472
5,468
5,483
5,484

19,432
19,539
19,664
19,909
20,307
20,790
21,118
21,513
21,583
21,618
21,586
21,645
21,677
21,700
21,706
21,700
21,710
21,733
21,731
21,745
21,754
21,756
21,782

Federal
2,949
2,877
2,806
2,772
2,769
2,865
2,764
2,766
2,761
2,728
2,726
2,730
2,730
2,723
2,728
2,706
2,717
2,720
2,724
2,718
2,722
2,721
2,724

2 Includes natural resources and mining, not shown separately.
3 Includes wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
NOTE.—Data classified by industry based on the 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For details see Employment and Earnings, June 2003.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS, HOURLY EARNINGS, AND WEEKLY EARNINGS
PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES
[For production or nonsupervisory workers; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Average weekly hours

Average gross hourly earnings

Manufacturing
Period

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2004:

.....................
....................
....................
.....................
.....................
....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
July ...........
Aug ...........
Sept ..........
Oct ............
Nov ...........
Dec ...........
2005: Jan ...........
Feb ...........
Mar ...........
Apr ...........
May ...........
June r ........
July p .........

Total
private
nonagricultural 1

34.3
34.3
34.5
34.5
34.3
34.3
34.0
33.9
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.8
33.8
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.8
33.7
33.7
33.7

Total

41.3
41.3
41.7
41.4
41.4
41.3
40.3
40.5
40.4
40.8
40.8
40.9
40.8
40.7
40.5
40.5
40.7
40.6
40.4
40.5
40.4
40.4
40.4

Average gross weekly earnings

Total private
nonagricultural 1

Overtime

4.7
4.8
5.1
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.0
4.2
4.2
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.5

Current
dollars

$11.64
12.03
12.49
13.00
13.47
14.00
14.53
14.95
15.35
15.67
15.70
15.74
15.77
15.81
15.82
15.85
15.90
15.91
15.95
16.00
16.03
16.07
16.13

1982
dollars 2

$7.53
7.57
7.68
7.89
8.00
8.03
8.11
8.24
8.27
8.23
8.23
8.25
8.25
8.22
8.21
8.23
8.24
8.22
8.19
8.16
8.19
8.21
..............

Total private
nonagricultural 1
Manufacturing

Current
dollars

$12.34
12.75
13.14
13.45
13.85
14.32
14.76
15.29
15.74
16.14
16.16
16.22
16.29
16.27
16.29
16.34
16.37
16.42
16.43
16.47
r 16.53
16.54
16.55

1 Also

includes other private industry groups shown on p. 14.
2 Current dollar earnings divided by the consumer price index for urban wage earners and
clerical workers (CPI–W) (on a 1982=100 base).

Percent change from
a year earlier, total
private nonagricultural

Current dollars

1982
dollars 2

Manufacturing

Construction

Retail
trade

$399.53
412.74
431.25
448.04
462.49
480.41
493.20
506.07
517.30
528.56
529.09
530.44
533.03
534.38
533.13
534.15
535.83
536.17
537.52
540.80
540.21
541.56
543.58

$258.43
259.58
265.22
271.87
274.64
275.62
275.38
278.83
278.72
277.61
277.45
278.01
278.93
277.89
276.52
277.19
277.78
276.95
276.08
275.92
275.90
276.59
..............

$509.26
526.55
548.22
557.12
573.17
590.65
595.19
618.75
635.99
658.53
659.33
663.40
664.63
662.19
659.75
661.77
666.26
666.65
663.77
667.04
r 667.81
668.22
668.62

$571.57
588.48
609.48
629.75
655.11
685.78
695.89
711.82
726.83
735.70
735.74
733.43
738.04
738.79
739.57
740.74
723.42
737.64
740.72
755.82
745.36
748.06
744.90

$272.56
282.76
295.97
310.34
321.63
333.38
346.16
360.81
367.15
371.15
370.26
372.39
374.53
374.53
373.32
376.07
378.22
378.53
377.92
379.15
378.83
376.98
377.87

Current
dollars

2.3
3.3
4.5
3.9
3.2
3.9
2.7
2.6
2.2
2.2
2.3
2.5
3.0
2.9
2.1
2.9
2.4
2.3
2.6
3.0
2.3
3.1
2.7

1982
dollars

¥0.6
.4
2.2
2.5
1.0
.4
¥.1
1.3
¥.0
¥.4
¥.6
¥.0
.6
¥.3
¥1.6
¥.5
¥.6
¥.7
¥.5
¥.6
¥.6
.4
..............

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX—PRIVATE INDUSTRY
Index (June 1989 = 100)

Percent change from
3 months earlier

Period

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

Benefits 1

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

12 months earlier
Benefits 1

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

Benefits 1

Not seasonally adjusted
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

.................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................
..................................................................

126.7
130.6
135.1
139.8
144.6
150.9
157.2
162.3
168.8
175.2

123.1
127.3
132.3
137.4
142.2
147.7
153.3
157.5
162.3
166.2

2001: June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2002: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2003: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2004: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2005: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................

154.2
155.7
157.5
158.8
160.5
161.5
162.8
165.0
166.4
168.2
169.6
171.5
173.1
174.8
176.2
177.3
178.4

150.8
152.0
153.4
154.8
156.2
156.9
157.7
159.3
160.3
161.6
162.5
163.5
164.5
165.7
166.4
167.4
168.4

135.9
138.6
141.8
145.2
150.2
158.6
166.7
174.6
185.8
198.7

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

0.9
.8
.9
.9
.9
.4
.5
1.0
.6
.8
.6
.6
.6
.7
.4
.6
.6

1.1
1.4
1.5
.7
1.4
1.2
1.4
1.9
1.3
1.7
1.5
2.2
1.7
1.3
1.6
1.1
.8

Seasonally adjusted

1 Employer costs for employee benefits.
NOTE.—The employment cost index is a measure of the change in the cost of labor, free
from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries.

162.4
164.7
167.2
168.3
170.6
172.7
175.2
178.5
180.9
183.9
186.7
190.9
194.1
196.7
199.9
202.0
203.6

1.0
1.0
1.2
.8
1.1
.6
.8
1.4
.8
1.1
.8
1.1
.9
1.0
.8
.6
.6

2.6
3.1
3.4
3.5
3.4
4.4
4.2
3.2
4.0
3.8

2.8
3.4
3.9
3.9
3.5
3.9
3.8
2.7
3.0
2.4

2.2
2.0
2.3
2.4
3.4
5.6
5.1
4.7
6.4
6.9

Not seasonally adjusted
4.0
4.0
4.2
3.9
4.0
3.7
3.2
3.8
3.5
4.0
4.0
3.9
4.0
3.7
3.8
3.4
3.2

3.8
3.6
3.8
3.5
3.6
3.2
2.7
3.0
2.6
3.0
3.0
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.4

4.8
4.9
5.1
4.8
5.1
4.8
4.7
6.1
6.1
6.5
6.4
7.0
7.3
6.8
6.9
5.8
4.9

Data exclude farm and household workers.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

15

PRODUCTIVITY AND RELATED DATA, BUSINESS SECTOR
Output per hour of
all persons
Period
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Output 1
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Hours of all
persons 2
Business
sector

Compensation per
hour 3

Nonfarm
business
sector

Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Real compensation
per hour 4
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Unit labor
costs

Implicit price
deflator 5

Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

104.2
104.7
106.1
109.4
111.4
115.9
r 117.7
117.1
117.2
118.6
116.9
117.7
116.9
116.9
117.7
117.5
116.4
117.0
117.3
117.2
118.7
121.0
121.9
122.3

103.7
104.5
105.9
109.3
111.2
115.9
117.5
117.0
117.1
118.4
116.5
117.5
116.9
116.9
117.7
117.6
116.4
116.9
117.3
117.1
118.5
120.7
121.7
122.1

105.7
107.4
109.0
109.7
110.7
112.7
114.9
116.1
117.7
120.6
115.6
115.9
116.2
116.7
117.2
117.4
117.9
118.3
119.4
120.5
120.7
121.5
122.3
123.0

105.8
107.3
109.1
109.9
111.1
113.3
115.4
116.7
118.2
120.7
116.0
116.6
116.9
117.3
117.9
118.0
118.3
118.6
119.6
120.6
121.0
121.8
122.7
123.4

1.6
.7
1.4
3.1
1.8
4.2
1.4
¥.5
.2
1.1
7.2
¥3.0
.4
¥3.1
¥.4
3.4
¥2.2
.2
2.6
¥.3
¥4.1
2.0
1.3
¥.8
4.7
7.6
3.6
1.3

1.8
1.6
1.5
.6
.9
1.8
2.0
1.0
1.4
2.4
2.7
3.0
1.0
1.3
.2
1.0
1.0
1.7
1.8
.6
1.5
1.6
3.7
3.8
.7
2.4
2.7
2.3

1.7
1.4
1.7
.7
1.1
1.9
1.9
1.1
1.3
2.1
2.6
2.7
.7
1.5
.0
2.0
.9
1.6
1.9
.4
1.0
.8
3.6
3.2
1.5
2.6
3.0
2.3

Indexes, 1992=100; quarterly data seasonally adjusted
1995 ........................
1996 ........................
1997 ........................
1998 ........................
1999 ........................
2000 ........................
2001 ........................
2002 r .......................
2003 r .......................
2004 r .......................
2002: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2003: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ..............
IV r ...............
2004: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2005: I r ..................
II p ................

101.6
104.7
106.7
109.7
112.9
116.1
119.0
123.8
128.6
133.0
122.7
123.2
124.6
124.7
125.6
127.9
130.5
130.6
131.7
132.8
133.3
134.3
135.3
135.7

102.1
104.9
106.6
109.5
112.6
115.6
118.5
123.3
128.0
132.3
122.5
122.7
123.9
124.0
124.9
126.9
129.9
130.1
130.8
132.2
132.7
133.5
134.5
135.3

111.4
116.5
122.7
128.6
135.2
140.5
141.0
143.1
147.9
154.9
141.9
142.6
143.8
144.0
144.6
146.4
149.8
150.8
152.6
154.1
155.8
157.2
158.9
160.5

111.8
116.8
122.8
128.9
135.6
140.8
141.3
143.4
148.2
155.3
142.5
143.0
144.1
144.1
144.8
146.5
150.2
151.2
152.8
154.5
156.3
157.7
159.4
161.1

109.6
111.3
115.0
117.3
119.7
121.0
118.4
115.6
115.0
116.5
115.7
115.7
115.4
115.5
115.2
114.5
114.8
115.5
115.9
116.1
116.9
117.1
117.5
118.3

109.4
111.4
115.3
117.7
120.4
121.8
119.3
116.3
115.8
117.4
116.3
116.5
116.3
116.2
115.9
115.4
115.6
116.2
116.8
116.8
117.8
118.2
118.5
119.1

105.9
109.6
113.1
120.0
125.8
134.5
140.2
145.0
150.7
157.7
143.5
145.0
145.7
145.8
147.8
150.3
152.0
152.8
154.4
155.7
158.2
162.5
164.9
166.0

106.0
109.5
112.9
119.6
125.2
134.0
139.3
144.2
149.9
156.7
142.7
144.2
144.8
145.0
147.0
149.3
151.2
152.2
153.5
154.9
157.2
161.0
163.8
165.2

98.8
99.6
100.6
105.3
108.1
111.9
113.4
115.4
117.3
119.5
115.4
115.7
115.7
115.1
115.5
117.3
118.0
118.4
118.5
118.2
119.6
121.8
122.9
122.4

98.9
99.5
100.4
105.0
107.5
111.4
112.6
114.8
116.7
118.7
114.8
115.0
114.9
114.5
114.9
116.5
117.4
117.9
117.8
117.6
118.8
120.7
122.0
121.8

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates
1995 ........................
1996 ........................
1997 ........................
1998 ........................
1999 ........................
2000 ........................
2001 ........................
2002 r .......................
2003 r .......................
2004 r .......................
2001: I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
2002: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2003: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ..............
IV r ...............
2004: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2005: I r ..................
II p ................

0.2
3.0
1.9
2.8
3.0
2.8
2.5
4.0
3.9
3.4
¥.5
5.5
1.4
6.6
5.3
1.8
4.8
.1
2.8
7.6
8.4
.3
3.4
3.4
1.4
3.1
2.9
1.2

0.5
2.7
1.6
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.5
4.0
3.8
3.4
¥.4
5.6
1.5
6.5
6.5
.8
4.1
.2
3.1
6.6
9.6
.8
2.1
4.5
1.3
2.5
3.2
2.2

2.9
4.6
5.3
4.8
5.1
3.9
.3
1.5
3.4
4.8
¥1.1
.8
¥3.1
1.8
2.6
2.1
3.6
.5
1.7
4.9
9.9
2.6
4.9
4.0
4.4
3.6
4.4
4.2

3.2
4.5
5.2
5.0
5.2
3.8
.4
1.5
3.3
4.8
¥1.1
1.2
¥2.9
1.2
3.5
1.4
3.1
.1
2.0
4.7
10.4
2.8
4.2
4.6
4.6
3.9
4.3
4.4

2.7
1.6
3.3
2.0
2.1
1.1
¥2.2
¥2.4
¥.5
1.3
¥.6
¥4.4
¥4.4
¥4.5
¥2.5
.3
¥1.1
.3
¥1.1
¥2.6
1.3
2.3
1.5
.6
3.0
.5
1.4
3.0

2.7
1.8
3.5
2.1
2.3
1.1
¥2.0
¥2.5
¥.5
1.4
¥.7
¥4.2
¥4.3
¥5.0
¥2.8
.6
¥.9
.0
¥1.1
¥1.8
.8
2.0
2.0
.1
3.3
1.4
1.1
2.1

1 Output refers to real gross domestic product originating in the sector.
2 Hours of all persons engaged in the sector, including hours of proprietors and unpaid family
workers. Estimates based primarily on establishment data.
3 Wages and salaries of employees plus employers’ contributions for social insurance and private benefit plans. Also includes an estimate of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for
the self-employed.
4 Hourly compensation divided by the consumer price index for all urban consumers (CPI–
U) for recent quarters. The trend from 1978–2004 is based on the consumer price index research series (CPI–U–RS).

16

2.1
3.5
3.2
6.1
4.8
7.0
4.2
3.4
3.9
4.6
6.9
3.0
2.0
2.8
5.6
4.4
2.0
.1
5.5
7.0
4.5
2.3
4.2
3.3
6.5
11.3
6.2
2.5

2.1
3.4
3.1
6.0
4.6
7.0
4.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
6.8
2.5
1.8
3.2
6.1
4.2
1.8
.4
5.8
6.2
5.1
2.7
3.5
3.7
6.1
10.2
6.9
3.5

¥0.3
.8
1.1
4.6
2.7
3.5
1.4
1.8
1.6
1.9
3.0
¥.2
1.1
3.4
4.1
1.1
¥.1
¥1.9
1.3
6.5
2.3
1.4
.3
¥1.0
4.8
7.5
3.7
¥1.6

¥0.3
.7
.9
4.5
2.5
3.6
1.1
1.9
1.6
1.8
2.8
¥.6
1.0
3.8
4.5
.9
¥.3
¥1.6
1.5
5.8
2.9
1.8
¥.5
¥.7
4.4
6.4
4.5
¥.6

1.9
.5
1.3
3.2
1.8
4.0
1.6
¥.5
.0
1.2
7.4
¥2.4
.6
¥3.6
.3
2.6
¥2.6
.0
2.6
¥.6
¥3.6
2.1
.8
¥.1
5.0
7.9
3.2
1.4

5 Current dollar gross domestic output divided by the output index.
NOTE.—Data relate to all persons engaged in the sector.
Percent changes are from preceding period and are based on original data; they therefore
may differ slightly from percent changes based on indexes shown here.
* Data for 2002:I through 2005:I reflect the annual revisions to GDP data released by the
Department of Commerce on July 29, 2005. GDP data for 2005:II were also released on July
29, 2005.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CAPACITY UTILIZATION
Industrial production and capacity utilization rose in June.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Total industrial production 1
Percent
Period

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Index,
1997=100

From
preceding
month

Industry production indexes, 1997=100

change 2
From
year
earlier

Capacity utilization
rate
(output as percent
of capacity) 1

Manufacturing

Total 1

Durable

Nondurable

Other
(nonNAICS) 1

Mining

Utilities
Total
industry

Total
manufacturing

......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................
......................

89.4
93.2
100.0
105.8
110.6
115.4
111.3
111.0
110.9
115.5

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

4.8
4.3
7.3
5.8
4.5
4.3
¥3.6
¥.3
.0
4.2

88.1
92.2
100.0
106.6
112.2
117.3
112.3
111.9
111.9
117.2

82.1
89.1
100.0
110.5
120.1
129.4
123.1
122.8
124.4
133.0

96.2
96.4
100.0
101.5
102.2
102.8
99.4
99.6
98.1
100.2

93.0
92.3
100.0
106.5
109.9
112.2
105.7
100.5
99.5
103.4

96.7
98.3
100.0
98.5
93.6
95.8
96.7
92.6
92.2
91.4

97.2
100.0
100.0
102.6
105.5
108.6
108.1
111.4
111.9
115.0

83.7
82.7
83.7
82.9
82.2
82.0
76.6
75.3
75.5
78.1

82.8
81.4
82.8
81.8
81.1
80.6
74.5
73.5
73.7
76.7

2004: June ..........
July ...........
Aug ............
Sept ...........
Oct .............
Nov .............
Dec ............

115.1
115.9
116.0
115.7
116.6
116.9
117.9

¥0.4
.7
.1
¥.3
.8
.3
.8

4.7
4.8
5.0
3.9
4.6
3.8
4.4

116.9
117.8
118.3
117.7
119.0
119.1
119.7

132.3
133.7
134.4
134.1
135.7
135.9
136.8

100.2
100.7
100.7
100.2
101.2
101.2
101.4

103.5
104.0
105.9
104.0
103.8
104.4
106.1

91.2
92.3
91.9
89.4
89.0
90.6
91.4

113.8
113.3
111.1
114.8
114.3
114.9
118.5

77.8
78.3
78.3
78.0
78.5
78.7
79.2

76.5
77.0
77.2
76.8
77.5
77.5
77.9

2005: Jan ............
Feb ............
Mar r ..........
Apr r ...........
May r ..........
June p ........

117.8
118.3
118.6
118.2
118.6
119.7

¥.1
.5
.2
¥.3
.3
.9

4.0
3.4
3.9
3.0
2.7
3.9

120.2
120.6
120.5
120.4
120.9
121.4

137.3
138.4
137.9
137.8
138.5
139.3

101.6
101.6
101.7
101.4
101.7
101.9

107.8
107.1
108.3
108.7
109.9
110.2

90.8
93.0
92.9
92.9
93.1
93.5

114.0
113.4
117.5
115.0
114.4
120.5

79.1
79.4
79.5
79.2
79.4
80.0

78.1
78.3
78.1
77.9
78.2
78.4

1 Total industry and total manufacturing series include manufacturing as defined in the
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) plus those industries—logging and
newspaper, periodical, book and directory-publishing—that have traditionally been included in
manufacturing.
2 Percent changes based on unrounded indexes.

NOTE.—Data based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) except
series as defined in footnote 1.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

17

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION—MAJOR MARKET GROUPS AND
SELECTED MANUFACTURES
[1997=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Products and nonindustrial supplies
Final products
Consumer goods

Equipment

Durable
goods

Business
equipment

Period
Total
Total

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Materials
Nonindustrial supplies

Nondurable
goods

Total 1

Defense
and
space
equipment

Total

Construction
supplies

Business
supplies

Total 1

Energy

............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................

90.6
94.0
100.0
105.6
108.4
111.7
109.1
107.7
108.6
113.4

94.6
96.6
100.0
103.5
105.5
107.7
106.5
108.0
108.3
111.3

90.0
93.7
100.0
106.9
114.1
117.8
112.7
118.8
121.4
124.9

96.5
97.7
100.0
102.2
102.2
103.8
103.9
103.9
103.3
106.2

83.2
89.2
100.0
109.6
114.2
119.7
113.9
105.6
107.9
117.2

79.9
87.3
100.0
110.9
117.4
125.8
116.8
107.6
108.9
119.2

105.8
101.8
100.0
103.7
100.7
90.1
98.1
99.2
106.4
111.2

90.3
93.8
100.0
105.7
109.9
114.3
109.5
108.6
107.6
112.6

91.4
95.5
100.0
105.2
107.9
110.2
105.1
104.2
101.8
106.9

89.9
93.2
100.0
105.8
110.6
115.8
111.1
110.3
109.9
114.8

88.0
92.3
100.0
106.1
113.1
119.6
114.1
115.2
114.6
118.7

98.6
100.1
100.0
100.5
100.2
101.6
100.4
100.4
99.8
99.3

2004: June ................................................
July .................................................
Aug ..................................................
Sept .................................................
Oct ..................................................
Nov ..................................................
Dec ..................................................

112.4
113.7
113.8
113.5
115.0
115.0
116.0

110.2
110.8
111.4
110.7
112.3
112.3
113.1

123.1
123.0
125.4
123.5
126.2
125.7
126.1

105.3
106.1
106.1
105.8
107.0
107.2
108.2

116.6
119.6
118.6
119.2
120.5
120.3
121.7

118.7
121.9
120.7
121.1
122.7
122.1
123.7

110.7
112.8
112.7
113.5
113.8
114.5
115.1

112.6
113.0
113.0
112.8
113.4
113.7
114.6

107.0
107.9
108.3
107.6
108.3
107.8
107.8

114.7
114.9
114.8
114.9
115.3
115.9
117.2

118.8
119.2
119.3
118.9
119.4
120.1
121.0

99.6
99.6
98.6
98.2
97.6
98.2
100.1

2005: Jan ..................................................
Feb ..................................................
Mar r ................................................
Apr r .................................................
May r ................................................
June p ...............................................

115.8
116.6
116.8
116.5
117.4
118.6

112.4
113.3
113.5
112.5
113.3
114.7

124.3
128.1
126.0
124.0
124.9
127.2

107.8
107.7
108.7
108.0
108.9
109.9

123.1
123.5
123.8
125.2
126.2
126.8

125.2
125.4
125.6
126.9
128.2
128.4

115.6
117.4
118.2
120.5
121.4
123.2

114.6
114.9
115.5
115.5
115.6
116.6

108.5
109.6
109.4
110.0
110.1
109.7

117.1
117.0
117.9
117.7
117.7
119.3

120.8
121.2
121.4
120.9
120.9
121.8

98.4
99.4
100.1
100.0
99.9
102.1

1 Includes

other items, not shown separately.

[1997=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Durable manufactures
Primary metal
Period
Total

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Iron
and
steel
products

Nondurable manufactures

Computer and electronic products

Fabricated
metal
products

Machinery
Total

Selected
hightechnology 1

Transportation
equipment

Total

Motor
vehicles
and
parts

Apparel

Printing
and
support

Chemical

Food

............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................

93.8
96.0
100.0
101.6
101.4
98.1
88.7
90.3
87.4
92.3

94.8
97.1
100.0
99.8
100.5
99.5
90.0
92.0
93.3
100.6

92.3
95.8
100.0
103.1
104.0
108.1
100.0
97.6
93.5
96.5

91.5
94.8
100.0
102.5
100.3
105.4
93.1
88.3
86.4
96.4

58.1
74.3
100.0
128.5
169.7
224.9
227.3
222.2
251.5
288.2

48.0
67.3
100.0
139.2
202.2
288.4
293.6
289.9
340.8
405.6

90.0
91.7
100.0
108.9
114.7
109.4
105.2
109.3
111.1
115.4

92.0
92.7
100.0
105.2
116.7
115.9
105.7
115.7
119.9
124.5

104.2
101.3
100.0
94.6
90.6
86.2
73.9
62.1
52.4
48.7

97.3
98.0
100.0
101.2
102.0
102.7
96.4
91.1
87.3
87.8

92.5
94.4
100.0
101.7
103.7
105.3
103.4
107.9
107.2
110.3

99.3
97.3
100.0
104.4
105.5
107.3
107.4
109.4
109.6
111.4

2004: June ................................................
July .................................................
Aug ..................................................
Sept .................................................
Oct ..................................................
Nov ..................................................
Dec ..................................................

92.1
93.4
93.2
94.2
94.3
95.2
93.1

98.9
100.7
100.7
104.9
106.3
104.8
99.5

96.9
97.1
97.6
96.9
97.2
97.0
97.2

96.4
99.1
96.6
97.3
98.6
98.7
99.0

288.7
292.9
295.4
298.0
301.0
303.5
308.0

406.8
411.5
415.7
418.4
422.2
429.8
436.6

113.0
113.2
115.8
114.7
117.8
117.5
118.7

121.0
120.5
124.5
123.1
127.4
126.7
128.2

49.3
47.9
47.5
47.7
47.2
47.6
47.0

87.9
87.0
86.9
88.8
87.8
88.0
87.8

110.3
110.9
111.8
110.5
112.1
112.2
112.7

111.3
111.9
111.9
111.5
112.8
112.5
112.2

2005: Jan ..................................................
Feb ..................................................
Mar r ................................................
Apr r .................................................
May r ................................................
June p ...............................................

93.2
91.3
91.7
87.4
85.9
84.0

99.7
98.6
97.7
90.3
87.0
83.6

97.2
97.1
97.0
97.1
97.3
96.9

100.2
100.3
100.4
101.9
102.9
103.1

316.2
320.9
323.1
326.5
331.6
333.8

453.3
459.3
461.8
466.0
474.6
475.8

117.5
121.4
119.0
118.6
119.1
121.7

126.0
131.4
127.3
125.3
125.8
129.4

46.7
46.2
45.4
45.7
44.1
43.7

88.4
88.0
89.1
88.3
88.9
88.6

111.8
112.9
113.1
113.0
113.1
113.3

113.6
113.6
112.8
111.8
113.4
113.3

1 Computers and office equipment, communications equipment, and semiconductors and related electronic components.

18

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

NEW CONSTRUCTION
[Billions of dollars; monthly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Private
Period

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2004:

Total new
construction expenditures

Residential
Total
Total 1

Federal
and
State
and
local

Nonresidential

New
housing

Total

Lodging

Commercial
(including
farm)

Office

Manufacturing

Other 2

....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
June ........................
July .........................
Aug ..........................
Sept .........................
Oct ...........................
Nov ..........................
Dec ..........................

557.8
615.9
653.4
706.3
769.5
835.3
868.3
876.8
925.1
1,027.7
1,013.2
1,041.8
1,036.2
1,039.8
1,036.8
1,051.1
1,098.6

427.9
476.6
502.7
552.0
599.7
649.8
662.2
659.7
701.6
798.5
780.7
807.8
807.1
811.8
809.4
815.6
864.9

247.4
281.1
289.0
314.6
350.6
374.5
388.3
421.9
475.9
563.4
552.2
572.1
572.0
568.0
569.9
572.8
622.8

171.4
191.1
198.1
224.0
251.3
265.0
279.4
298.8
345.7
416.1
417.2
419.5
429.8
429.1
430.0
429.4
432.3

180.5
195.5
213.7
237.4
249.2
275.3
273.9
237.7
225.7
235.1
228.5
235.7
235.1
243.8
239.4
242.7
242.0

7.1
10.9
12.9
14.8
16.0
16.3
14.5
10.5
9.9
11.5
11.7
12.0
12.5
12.8
12.9
12.6
12.2

23.0
26.5
32.8
40.4
45.1
52.4
49.7
35.3
30.6
33.1
33.4
34.3
32.7
32.5
33.0
32.8
32.8

44.1
49.4
53.1
55.7
59.4
64.1
63.6
59.0
57.2
61.6
62.2
64.1
63.0
64.1
64.1
63.9
64.1

35.4
38.1
37.6
40.5
35.1
37.6
37.8
22.7
21.4
23.5
20.9
22.5
22.8
23.3
25.5
27.2
28.2

70.9
70.6
77.3
86.0
93.7
104.9
108.2
110.2
106.5
105.4
100.4
102.9
104.1
111.2
103.9
106.3
104.7

129.9
139.3
150.7
154.3
169.7
185.5
206.1
217.2
223.5
229.3
232.5
234.0
229.1
228.0
227.4
235.5
233.7

2005: Jan ..........................
Feb ..........................
Mar ..........................
Apr r .........................
May r ........................
June p .......................

1,049.5
1,128.0
1,125.7
1,115.0
1,096.0
1,093.0

819.1
887.9
883.3
872.3
845.6
843.8

575.8
645.8
639.0
626.2
604.8
602.4

440.7
446.6
448.0
449.3
451.7
452.9

243.3
242.1
244.3
246.1
240.9
241.4

11.6
11.6
12.0
12.8
11.5
11.4

33.6
34.1
34.7
35.0
33.8
34.1

64.2
63.0
64.5
66.7
65.3
65.6

27.3
27.4
29.0
28.4
27.7
27.6

106.6
106.1
104.1
103.2
102.5
102.7

230.4
240.1
242.3
242.7
250.3
249.2

1 Includes residential improvements, not shown separately.
2 Includes health care, educational, communication, and power, among other categories not
shown separately.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

NEW PRIVATE HOUSING AND VACANCY RATES
[Thousands of units or houses, except as noted]
New private housing units
Period
Total
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................

New private houses

Units started, by type of structure

1,354.1
1,476.8
1,474.0
1,616.9
1,640.9
1,568.7
1,602.7
1,704.9
1,847.7
1,955.8

1 unit
1,076.2
1,160.9
1,133.7
1,271.4
1,302.4
1,230.9
1,273.3
1,358.6
1,499.0
1,610.5

2–4 units 1

5 units or
more

33.8
45.3
44.5
42.6
31.9
38.7
36.6
38.5
33.5
42.3

244.1
270.8
295.8
302.9
306.6
299.1
292.8
307.9
315.2
303.0

Units
authorized
1,332.5
1,425.6
1,441.1
1,612.3
1,663.5
1,592.3
1,636.7
1,747.7
1,889.2
4 2,070.1

Units
completed

Houses
sold

Houses for
sale at end
of period 2

Vacancy rate
for rental
housing units
(percent) 3

1,312.6
1,412.9
1,400.5
1,474.2
1,604.9
1,573.7
1,570.8
1,648.4
1,678.7
1,841.9

667
757
804
886
880
877
908
973
1,086
1,203

370
322
281
294
308
298
308
339
370
422

7.6
7.8
7.7
7.9
8.1
8.0
8.4
8.9
9.8
10.2

1,857
1,888
1,909
1,784
1,841
1,725
1,911
1,883
1,922
1,797
1,944
2,092
1,953

1,205
1,104
1,165
1,223
1,306
1,175
1,247
1,194
1,247
r 1,307
1,283
1,321
1,374

383
400
406
411
412
419
422
437
446
r 446
443
443
454

10.2
......................
......................
10.1
......................
......................
10.0
......................
......................
10.1
......................
......................
9.8

Seasonally adjusted annual rates
2004: June ..........................
July ...........................
Aug ............................
Sept ...........................
Oct .............................
Nov ............................
Dec ............................
2005: Jan ............................
Feb ............................
Mar ............................
Apr r ...........................
May r ..........................
June p .........................
1 Derived;

1,827
1,986
2,025
1,912
2,062
1,807
2,050
2,188
2,228
1,833
2,027
2,004
2,004

1,526
1,661
1,689
1,555
1,666
1,484
1,713
1,769
1,808
1,550
1,640
1,709
1,667

26
64
68
31
41
39
48
48
52
34
47
35
35

seasonally adjusted monthly data for 2–4 units are no longer published.
adjusted.
series. Quarterly data entered in last month of quarter.
4 Based on 20,000 permit-issuing places. Based on 19,000 places, the total for 2004 is
2,052.1 thousand units.
2 Seasonally
3 Revised

275
261
268
326
355
284
289
371
368
249
340
260
302

2,014
2,114
2,058
2,039
2,093
2,093
2,081
2,136
2,093
2,021
2,148
2,062
2,132

NOTE.—Beginning 2004, units authorized are for 20,000 permit-issuing places. For other
data shown, units authorized are for 19,000 places.
Beginning 1999, housing starts, completions, and sales are not directly comparable with earlier data due to new estimation methods.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

19

BUSINESS SALES AND INVENTORIES—Manufacturing and Trade
In June, according to preliminary estimates, manufacturing and trade sales rose 0.7 percent. In May, according
to current estimates, manufacturing and trade sales rose 0.1 percent and inventories rose $1.1 billion. According
to advance estimates, retail sales rose 1.8 percent in June. Retail and food services sales rose 1.7 percent.

[Millions of dollars, except ratios; seasonally adjusted, except as noted]

Manufacturing and trade 1
Period

Inventorysales
ratio 4

Retail
Inventory
sales
ratio 4

Sales 2

Inventories 3

1.48
1.46
1.42
1.43
1.40
1.41
1.44
1.40
1.38
1.31
1.30
1.32
1.32
1.32
1.31
1.30
1.31
1.30

181,369
191,936
199,788
203,495
217,449
235,053
231,939
235,368
245,539
278,196
275,440
275,861
277,482
280,837
282,514
286,341
288,654
291,456

240,473
243,194
260,713
273,910
291,290
309,820
297,182
300,671
306,556
339,639
317,009
320,389
325,495
329,417
330,462
334,466
338,544
339,639

1.30
1.27
1.26
1.32
1.30
1.29
1.32
1.26
1.23
1.17
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.17
1.17
1.17
1.17
1.17

2005: Jan ......................................................
984,299 1,282,348
1.30
Feb ......................................................
979,038 1,289,116
1.32
Mar ......................................................
986,991 1,295,398
1.31
Apr r .....................................................
998,810 1,298,202
1.30
r ....................................................
May
999,335 1,299,256
1.30
June p ................................................... 1,006,218 .................. ................

292,430
290,976
291,624
295,487
295,647
297,339

343,126
345,294
347,275
349,626
350,764
353,083

1.17
1.19
1.19
1.18
1.19
1.19

Sales 2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2004:

................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
May r ....................................................
June r ...................................................
July .....................................................
Aug ......................................................
Sept .....................................................
Oct .......................................................
Nov ......................................................
Dec ......................................................

1 See

655,297
687,557
724,012
742,836
786,597
834,353
818,632
821,470
851,750
940,813
933,372
933,335
941,958
948,607
951,361
963,680
967,806
979,059

Inventories 3

Wholesale

985,716
1,004,905
1,045,906
1,078,451
1,138,539
1,197,538
1,144,697
1,163,440
1,180,184
1,270,690
1,215,122
1,227,428
1,239,571
1,250,375
1,249,529
1,254,716
1,268,249
1,270,690

page 21 for manufacturing.
data are averages of monthly not seasonally adjusted figures; monthly data are seasonally adjusted totals for month.
3 Seasonally adjusted, end of period.
2 Annual

20

4 Annual

Sales 2

Inventories 3

183,955
195,855
204,666
214,356
233,157
248,584
255,819
261,789
272,951
293,476
293,277
288,670
292,371
292,233
297,368
299,882
300,005
303,731

320,026
330,895
341,389
355,310
383,603
406,322
395,279
418,581
435,044
459,700
448,167
452,729
455,395
458,983
456,690
453,864
458,828
459,700

Inventory
sales
ratio 4

Retail and
food services
sales 2

1.71
1.66
1.64
1.62
1.59
1.59
1.58
1.55
1.57
1.54
1.53
1.57
1.56
1.57
1.54
1.51
1.53
1.51

203,423
216,097
226,170
237,043
256,914
274,061
282,330
289,472
302,066
325,145
324,439
320,016
324,034
323,700
329,447
332,280
332,392
336,583

303,933 460,871
1.52
305,757 462,535
1.51
307,078 463,567
1.51
312,363 464,150
1.49
r 311,451
464,950
1.49
317,036 ................ ................

336,785
338,991
340,075
346,081
r 345,072
350,775

data are averages of seasonally adjusted monthly ratios.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

MANUFACTURERS’ SHIPMENTS, INVENTORIES, AND ORDERS
In June, manufacturers’ shipments and inventories fell; new and unfilled orders rose.

Manufacturers’ shipments 1

Manufacturers’ inventories 2

Manufacturers’ new orders 1
Durable goods

Period
Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Total
Total

Capital
goods
industries,
nondefense

Manufacturers’
unfilled
orders 2

Manufacturers’
inventory—
shipments
ratio 3

Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted, except as noted
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2004:

....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
....................................................
June .........................................
July ..........................................
Aug ..........................................
Sept ..........................................
Oct ...........................................
Nov ..........................................
Dec ...........................................

289,973
299,766
319,558
324,984
335,991
350,715
330,875
324,313
333,260
369,142
368,804
372,105
375,537
371,479
377,457
379,147
383,872

158,568
164,883
178,949
185,966
193,895
197,807
181,201
177,617
179,220
197,784
196,708
197,698
201,398
199,341
200,030
200,500
206,456

131,405
134,883
140,610
139,019
142,096
152,908
149,674
146,696
154,041
171,358
172,096
174,407
174,139
172,138
177,427
178,647
177,416

425,217
430,816
443,804
449,231
463,646
481,396
452,236
444,188
438,584
471,351
454,310
458,681
461,975
462,377
466,386
470,877
471,351

267,696
272,787
281,249
290,874
296,645
306,682
283,722
271,789
262,947
283,320
271,849
274,834
277,119
278,013
280,101
282,599
283,320

157,521
158,029
162,555
158,357
167,001
174,714
168,514
172,399
175,637
188,031
182,461
183,847
184,856
184,364
186,285
188,278
188,031

285,542
297,282
314,986
317,345
329,770
346,789
322,944
316,744
329,167
365,753
364,818
370,838
369,574
369,578
372,953
378,047
379,892

154,137
162,399
174,377
178,327
187,674
193,881
173,270
170,048
175,126
194,395
192,722
196,431
195,435
197,440
195,526
199,400
202,476

51,011
54,066
60,697
62,133
64,392
69,278
58,336
53,991
57,445
65,339
63,934
69,879
65,015
67,076
64,911
69,919
69,489

447,338
488,815
513,166
496,471
505,941
550,005
517,590
485,816
506,298
552,198
527,537
533,792
535,310
540,244
542,976
549,184
552,198

1.44
1.43
1.37
1.39
1.35
1.35
1.42
1.37
1.33
1.24
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.23

2005: Jan ...........................................
Feb ...........................................
Mar ..........................................
Apr ...........................................
May r .........................................
June p .......................................

387,936
382,305
388,289
390,960
392,237
391,843

208,112
204,239
204,816
207,758
208,088
207,991

179,824
178,066
183,473
183,202
184,149
183,852

478,351
481,287
484,556
484,426
483,542
483,412

287,835
289,964
291,755
291,727
291,853
290,861

190,516
191,323
192,801
192,699
191,689
192,551

379,848
377,816
380,304
383,001
396,655
400,532

200,024
199,750
196,831
199,799
212,506
216,680

70,286
70,028
67,781
70,497
81,826
80,341

552,015
554,807
553,940
553,190
564,822
580,656

1.23
1.26
1.25
1.24
1.23
1.23

1 Annual data are averages of monthly not seasonally adjusted figures; monthly data are seasonally adjusted totals for month. Shipments are the same as sales.
2 Seasonally adjusted, end of period.
3 Annual data are averages of seasonally adjusted monthly ratios.
NOTE.—Manufacturers’ nondurable new orders (not shown) are the same as nondurable shipments. Also, there are no unfilled nondurable orders; data shown for total unfilled orders are
durable unfilled orders.

Total and durable shipments and inventories include data on semiconductors; new and unfilled orders do not.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

21

PRICES
PRODUCER PRICES
The producer price index for all finished goods was unchanged in June. Prices of finished consumer foods fell
1.1 percent, while prices of other finished consumer goods rose 0.6 percent. Capital equipment prices fell 0.2
percent.

[1982=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Finished goods

Period

Total
finished
goods

Finished goods excluding consumer foods
Consumer
foods

Consumer goods
Total
Total

1995 ...........................
1996 ...........................
1997 ...........................
1998 ...........................
1999 ..........................
2000 ...........................
2001 ...........................
2002 ..........................
2003 ..........................
2004 ..........................
2004: June ..............
July ...............
Aug ................
Sept ...............
Oct .................
Nov ................
Dec ................
2005: Jan ................
Feb r ...............
Mar ................
Apr ................
May ...............
June ..............
1 Intermediate

22

127.9
131.3
131.8
130.7
133.0
138.0
140.7
138.9
143.3
148.5
148.2
148.3
148.5
148.9
151.1
152.1
151.7
151.9
152.5
153.6
154.5
153.5
153.5

Intermediate materials

129.0
133.6
134.5
134.3
135.1
137.2
141.3
140.1
145.9
152.7
154.3
152.0
151.7
152.5
154.8
155.2
155.5
154.8
155.8
156.5
156.6
156.2
154.5

127.5
130.5
130.9
129.5
132.3
138.1
140.4
138.3
142.4
147.2
146.4
147.1
147.5
147.7
149.8
151.0
150.4
150.8
151.4
152.6
153.7
152.5
153.1

materials for food manufacturing and feeds.

124.0
127.6
128.2
126.4
130.5
138.4
141.4
138.8
144.7
150.9
149.8
150.9
151.1
151.3
154.4
156.0
154.9
155.3
156.2
157.9
159.3
157.4
158.4

Durable

132.7
134.2
133.7
132.9
133.0
133.9
134.0
133.0
133.1
135.0
135.6
134.9
135.1
135.4
135.9
136.2
136.4
137.1
136.5
136.6
137.0
136.8
136.3

Nondurable

118.8
123.3
124.3
122.2
127.9
138.7
142.8
139.8
148.4
156.6
154.6
156.5
156.9
157.0
161.3
163.5
161.9
162.0
163.6
166.0
167.9
165.3
167.0

Capital
equipment

136.7
138.3
138.2
137.6
137.6
138.8
139.7
139.1
139.5
141.4
141.4
141.3
141.8
142.1
142.5
142.8
143.2
143.8
143.7
144.2
144.5
144.6
144.3

Total
finished
consumer
goods

125.6
129.5
130.2
128.9
132.0
138.2
141.5
139.4
145.3
151.7
151.3
151.4
151.5
151.9
154.8
156.1
155.4
155.4
156.3
157.8
158.8
157.3
157.6

Crude materials

Total

Foods
and
feeds 1

Other

Total

Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs

Other

124.9
125.7
125.6
123.0
123.2
129.2
129.7
127.8
133.7
142.6
142.2
143.1
144.6
145.1
146.6
147.7
147.8
148.2
149.1
150.6
151.8
150.7
150.9

114.8
128.1
125.4
116.2
111.1
111.7
115.9
115.5
125.9
137.1
144.2
141.6
135.8
134.3
131.9
131.2
131.7
132.8
132.3
133.7
134.2
134.7
133.6

125.5
125.6
125.7
123.4
123.9
130.1
130.5
128.5
134.2
143.0
142.3
143.3
145.1
145.7
147.4
148.6
148.6
149.0
150.0
151.5
152.7
151.5
151.9

102.7
113.8
111.1
96.8
98.2
120.6
121.0
108.1
135.3
159.0
161.9
162.0
161.5
154.2
160.8
173.0
167.6
164.3
162.7
169.3
173.8
170.4
164.7

105.8
121.5
112.2
103.9
98.7
100.2
106.1
99.5
113.5
127.0
135.1
129.9
123.4
121.7
119.9
121.2
123.9
126.5
122.6
128.2
125.2
123.9
120.1

96.8
104.5
106.4
88.4
94.3
130.4
126.8
111.4
148.2
179.2
177.9
182.1
186.4
174.9
188.0
208.4
196.7
189.0
189.1
196.3
206.6
201.7
194.7

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CONSUMER PRICES—ALL URBAN CONSUMERS
In June, the consumer price index for all urban consumers was unchanged seasonally adjusted; it rose 0.1 percent
not seasonally adjusted. The index was 2.5 percent above its year-earlier level.

[1982–84=100, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
All items 1

Housing

Transportation

Shelter
Period

Not
season- Seasonally
ally
adjust- adjusted
ed
(NSA)

Food
Total 1

Rent
of primary
residence

Total 1

Owners’
equivalent
rent
(12/82=
100)

Fuels
and
utilities

Apparel

Total 1

New
cars

Motor
fuel

Medical
care

Energy 2

All
items
less
food
and
energy

Rel. imp.3 .........................
1995 .................................
1996 .................................
1997 .................................
1998 .................................
1999 .................................
2000 .................................
2001 .................................
2002 .................................
2003 .................................
2004 .................................

100.0
152.4
156.9
160.5
163.0
166.6
172.2
177.1
179.9
184.0
188.9

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

14.3
148.4
153.3
157.3
160.7
164.1
167.8
173.1
176.2
180.0
186.2

42.0
148.5
152.8
156.8
160.4
163.9
169.6
176.4
180.3
184.8
189.5

32.7
165.7
171.0
176.3
182.1
187.3
193.4
200.6
208.1
213.1
218.8

6.1
157.8
162.0
166.7
172.1
177.5
183.9
192.1
199.7
205.5
211.0

23.2
171.3
176.8
181.9
187.8
192.9
198.7
206.3
214.7
219.9
224.9

5.0
123.7
127.5
130.8
128.5
128.8
137.9
150.2
143.6
154.5
161.9

3.8
132.0
131.7
132.9
133.0
131.3
129.6
127.3
124.0
120.9
120.4

17.4 ............
139.1 139.0
143.0 141.4
144.3 141.7
141.6 140.7
144.4 139.6
153.3 139.6
154.3 138.9
152.9 137.3
157.6 134.7
163.1 133.9

4.0
100.0
106.3
106.2
92.2
100.7
129.3
124.7
116.6
135.8
160.4

6.1
220.5
228.2
234.6
242.1
250.6
260.8
272.8
285.6
297.1
310.1

8.0
105.2
110.1
111.5
102.9
106.6
124.6
129.3
121.7
136.5
151.4

77.7
161.2
165.6
169.5
173.4
177.0
181.3
186.1
190.5
193.2
196.6

2004: June ....................
July .....................
Aug ......................
Sept .....................
Oct .......................
Nov ......................
Dec ......................

189.7
189.4
189.5
189.9
190.9
191.0
190.3

189.3
189.2
189.3
189.6
190.7
191.2
191.2

186.4
186.9
186.9
186.8
187.9
188.4
188.4

189.5
190.0
190.2
190.7
191.1
191.7
192.1

218.9
219.4
219.5
220.3
220.7
220.8
221.3

210.9
211.4
212.0
212.5
212.9
213.1
213.7

225.0
225.4
225.8
226.1
226.4
226.6
227.0

161.9
162.6
164.0
163.4
163.4
167.4
167.7

121.1
120.5
120.1
120.1
120.1
120.4
119.9

165.0
163.2
162.7
163.0
166.4
166.7
165.6

134.5
133.7
133.4
133.2
133.5
134.4
134.5

170.0
161.6
159.2
159.1
171.9
170.4
165.7

309.8
310.8
311.7
312.7
313.9
314.7
315.6

156.0
152.3
151.9
151.4
157.5
159.0
156.9

196.6
196.8
196.9
197.5
197.9
198.2
198.5

2005: Jan
..................
Feb ......................
Mar ......................
Apr ......................
May .....................
June ....................

190.7
191.8
193.3
194.6
194.4
194.5

191.3
192.0
193.2
194.2
194.1
194.1

188.6
188.7
189.0
190.3
190.5
190.6

192.3
193.0
193.9
194.4
194.6
194.8

221.7
222.4
223.7
223.8
223.7
224.1

214.3
214.8
215.3
216.0
216.4
217.0

227.6
228.1
228.7
229.0
229.6
230.0

167.6
168.9
169.0
172.5
173.5
173.7

120.3
120.0
120.9
120.2
120.2
119.3

165.3
166.6
169.7
172.7
171.0
170.9

135.6
135.6
135.2
135.2
135.3
135.4

162.4
167.6
181.0
192.5
184.1
182.1

316.9
318.7
320.2
320.9
322.0
322.8

155.1
158.2
164.6
172.0
168.5
167.6

198.9
199.4
200.1
200.2
200.5
200.7

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
fuels—gas (piped), electricity, fuel oil, etc.—and motor fuel. Motor oil, coolant,
etc. excluded beginning 1983.
2 Household

3 Relative importance, December 2004.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

23

CHANGES IN PRODUCER PRICES FOR FINISHED GOODS
[Percent change from preceding period; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Change from preceding period
Period

Change from 3 months earlier, annual rate

Consumer goods

Consumer goods

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Capital
equipment

Excluding
foods

Change from 6 months earlier, annual rate

Change
from year
earlier,
total
finished
goods
NSA

Consumer goods

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Excluding
foods

Capital
equipment

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Excluding
foods

Capital
equipment

2.2
.4
¥.6
0
.3
1.2
0
¥.6
.8
2.4

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

0.4
¥.1
.4
.2
.3
.2
.3
.4
¥.1
.3
.2
.1
¥.2

5.0
2.5
.5
1.9
7.8
10.1
7.7
2.1
1.1
5.1
7.0
2.6
¥.3

9.6
¥2.1
¥8.0
¥4.6
7.6
9.6
8.1
0
1.6
2.6
4.7
r 1.0
¥5.0

4.4
4.6
3.2
4.1
9.6
13.6
9.9
2.4
.5
8.0
10.7
r 3.1
1.3

2.9
2.0
2.6
2.0
3.4
2.9
3.1
3.7
2.5
2.8
2.0
r 2.5
.3

4.0
3.6
4.0
3.4
5.1
5.2
4.8
4.9
5.5
6.4
4.6
1.8
2.4

4.7
4.6
4.1
2.3
2.6
.4
1.6
3.7
5.5
5.3
2.3
1.3
¥1.3

4.6
4.1
4.5
4.2
7.1
8.3
6.9
5.9
6.9
8.9
6.4
1.8
4.6

Change, Dec. to Dec., NSA
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............

2.3
2.8
¥1.2
0
2.9
3.6
¥1.6
1.2
4.0
4.2

1.9
3.4
¥.8
.1
.8
1.7
1.8
¥.6
7.7
3.1

2.3
3.7
¥1.5
¥.1
5.1
5.5
¥3.9
2.9
4.1
5.5

1.9
2.7
.4
¥.8
1.8
3.8
2.0
¥1.3
3.2
3.6

Change, month to month
¥0.1
.1
.1
.3
1.5
.7
¥.3
.1
.4
.7
.6
¥.6
0

2004: June ....
July .....
Aug .....
Sept .....
Oct ......
Nov .....
Dec .....
2005: Jan .....
Feb r ....
Mar .....
Apr ......
May .....
June ....

¥0.4
¥1.5
¥.2
.5
1.5
.3
.2
¥.5
.6
r .4
.1
¥.3
¥1.1

¥0.1
.7
.1
.1
2.0
1.0
¥.7
.3
.6
r 1.1
.9
¥1.2
.6

2.2
1.6
2.7
2.4
2.7
2.7
2.6
3.6
2.7
3.0
2.8
2.5
1.5

4.0
3.8
3.3
3.3
4.5
5.0
4.2
4.1
4.7
4.9
4.8
3.5
3.6

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CHANGES IN CONSUMER PRICES—ALL URBAN CONSUMERS
[Percent change from preceding period; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Housing

Transportation

Shelter
Period

All
items 1

Food
Total 1
Total 1

Rent of Ownpriers’
mary equivaresilent
dence
rent

Fuels
and
utilities

Apparel

Total 1

New
cars

Motor
fuel

Medical
care

Energy 2

All
items
less
food
and
energy

Addendum: All items,
percent change
(annual rate)
From
previous
quarter 3

From
From
3
6
months months
earlier earlier

From
year
earlier
NSA

Change, December to December, NSA
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................

2.5
3.3
1.7
1.6
2.7
3.4
1.6
2.4
1.9
3.3

2.1
4.3
1.5
2.3
1.9
2.8
2.8
1.5
3.6
2.7

3.0
2.9
2.4
2.3
2.2
4.3
2.9
2.4
2.2
3.0

3.5
2.9
3.4
3.3
2.5
3.4
4.2
3.1
2.2
2.7

2.5
2.8
3.1
3.4
3.1
4.0
4.7
3.1
2.7
2.9

3.7
2.8
3.1
3.2
2.4
3.4
4.5
3.3
2.0
2.3

2004: June ..............
July ...............
Aug ................
Sept ...............
Oct ................
Nov ................
Dec ................
2005: Jan ...............
Feb ................
Mar ...............
Apr ................
May ...............
June ..............

0.3
¥.1
.1
.2
.6
.3
0
.1
.4
.6
.5
¥.1
0

0.2
.3
0
¥.1
.6
.3
0
.1
.1
.2
.7
.1
.1

0.3
.3
.1
.3
.2
.3
.2
.1
.4
.5
.3
.1
.1

0.2
.2
.0
.4
.2
.0
.2
.2
.3
.6
.0
¥.0
.2

0.3
.2
.3
.2
.2
.1
.3
.3
.2
.2
.3
.2
.3

0.2
.2
.2
.1
.1
.1
.2
.3
.2
.3
.1
.3
.2

1.4
4.6
.5
¥2.6
2.4
12.1
¥2.1
1.4
6.5
7.9

0.1
¥.2
1.0
¥.7
¥.5
¥1.8
¥3.2
¥1.8
¥2.1
¥.2

1.5
4.4
¥1.4
¥1.7
5.4
4.1
¥3.8
3.8
.3
6.5

1.6
1.6
¥1.0
¥.1
¥.8
.3
0
¥2.0
¥2.1
.5

¥4.0
12.7
¥6.2
¥15.4
30.2
13.9
¥24.8
24.6
6.8
26.1

3.9
3.0
2.8
3.4
3.7
4.2
4.7
5.0
3.7
4.2

¥1.3
8.6
¥3.4
¥8.8
13.4
14.2
¥13.0
10.7
6.9
16.6

3.0
2.6
2.2
2.4
1.9
2.6
2.7
1.9
1.1
2.2

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

2.8
3.0
2.3
1.6
2.2
3.4
2.8
1.6
2.3
2.7

0.1
¥.6
¥.2
¥.1
.2
.7
.1
.8
0
¥.3
0
.1
.1

1.9
¥4.9
¥1.5
¥.1
8.0
¥.9
¥2.8
¥2.0
3.2
8.0
6.4
¥4.4
¥1.1

0.3
.3
.3
.3
.4
.3
.3
.4
.6
.5
.2
.3
.2

1.7
¥2.4
¥.3
¥.3
4.0
1.0
¥1.3
¥1.1
2.0
4.0
4.5
¥2.0
¥.5

0.2
.1
.1
.3
.2
.2
.2
.2
.3
.4
.0
.1
.1

4.4
..........
..........
1.7
..........
..........
3.4
..........
..........
2.5
..........
..........
4.0

4.3
3.2
1.1
.6
3.2
4.1
3.4
1.3
1.7
4.3
6.2
4.4
1.9

4.7
3.6
3.0
2.5
3.2
2.6
2.0
2.2
2.9
3.8
3.7
3.1
3.1

3.3
3.0
2.7
2.5
3.2
3.5
3.3
3.0
3.0
3.1
3.5
2.8
2.5

Change, month to month
1.3
.4
.9
¥.4
0
2.4
.2
¥.1
.8
.1
2.1
.6
.1

¥0.1
¥.5
¥.3
0
0
.2
¥.4
.3
¥.2
.8
¥.6
0
¥.7

1 Includes items not shown separately.
2 Household fuels—gas (piped), electricity, fuel oil, etc.—and motor fuel. Motor oil, coolant,
etc., excluded beginning 1983.

24

0.5
¥1.1
¥.3
.2
2.1
.2
¥.7
¥.2
.8
1.9
1.8
¥1.0
¥.1

3 Quarterly changes are shown in the last month of the quarter.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

PRICES RECEIVED AND PAID BY FARMERS
In July, prices received by farmers fell 0.8 percent; prices paid by farmers were unchanged. (Data are not seasonally
adjusted.)

[1990–92=100; not seasonally adjusted]
Prices received by farmers
Period

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

All farm
products

Prices paid by farmers
Livestock and
products

Crops

All commodities,
services, interest,
taxes, and wage
rates 1

Production
items, interest,
taxes, and wage
rates

Production
items

Ratio 2

...............................
...............................
..............................
..............................
...............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
...............................

102
112
107
102
96
96
102
98
107
119

112
127
115
107
97
96
99
105
111
117

92
99
98
97
95
97
106
90
103
122

109
115
118
115
115
120
123
124
128
134

108
115
118
114
113
118
122
121
126
132

108
115
119
113
111
116
120
119
124
132

93
98
90
89
83
80
83
79
84
89

2004: July ....................
Aug ....................
Sept ...................
Oct .....................
Nov ....................
Dec ....................
2005: Jan .....................
Feb .....................
Mar .....................
Apr ....................
May ....................
June r .................
July ....................

124
120
115
114
116
111
111
114
119
122
120
120
119

120
118
113
111
r 113
r 104
r 102
r 107
116
r 122
r 118
122
119

128
122
118
r 118
119
120
121
119
121
122
122
118
118

135
135
135
136
135
134
137
137
139
139
139
140
140

134
134
134
134
134
133
135
136
138
138
138
139
140

133
133
133
134
133
132
134
134
136
138
138
139
140

92
89
85
84
86
83
81
83
86
88
86
86
85

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
2 Percentage ratio of index of prices received by farmers to index of prices paid, interest,
taxes, and wage rates.

NOTE.—The official indexes are published on a 1910–14 base as required by law. The indexes have been converted to a 1990–92=100 base to facilitate comparison with other indexes.
Source: Department of Agriculture.

25

MONEY, CREDIT, AND SECURITY MARKETS
MONEY STOCK AND DEBT MEASURES
In June, M2 and M3 rose.

[Averages of daily figures, except debt end-of-period basis; billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]
M1

M2

M3

Debt

Sum of currency,
demand deposits,
travelers’ checks,
and other
checkable deposits (OCDs)

M1 plus retail
MMMF balances,
savings deposits
(including
MMDAs), and
small time deposits

M2 plus large
time deposits,
RPs, Eurodollars, and
institutional MMMF
balances

Debt of
domestic
nonfinancial
sectors1

Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec ........................................................
Dec r ......................................................

1,126.9
1,079.8
1,072.2
1,094.8
1,122.6
1,087.1
1,178.0
1,215.4
1,297.2
1,365.6

3,640.3
3,814.8
4,030.1
4,382.3
4,647.4
4,930.2
5,446.1
5,798.8
6,076.6
6,422.1

2004: June ......................................................
July .......................................................
Aug .......................................................
Sept ......................................................
Oct .......................................................
Nov r ......................................................
Dec r ......................................................

1,336.8
1,329.5
1,347.4
1,351.8
1,351.9
1,366.8
1,365.6

6,276.5
6,278.3
6,299.5
6,334.4
6,361.2
6,397.9
6,422.1

2005: Jan r
Feb r
Mar r
Apr r
May r
June

1,356.3
1,364.0
1,371.4
1,354.0
1,365.7
1,365.1

6,436.6
6,451.6
6,472.3
6,469.1
6,470.3
6,502.7

Period

1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:

......................................................
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................

1 Quarterly data; shown in last month of quarter. End-of-year data are for fourth quarter.
Consists of outstanding credit market debt of the U.S. Government, State and local governments, and private nonfinancial sectors; data from flow of funds accounts.
2 Annual changes are from December to December and monthly changes are from 6 months
earlier at a simple annual rate.

26

Percent change
From year or 6 months
earlier2

M1

M2

M3

From
previous
period3
Debt

4,636.0
4,985.4
5,460.6
6,052.0
6,551.7
7,118.6
8,032.9
8,570.7
8,885.1
9,449.8

13,672.4
14,388.5
15,155.0
16,184.9
17,253.7
18,101.0
19,216.4
20,537.2
22,237.2
24,169.9

¥2.1
¥4.2
¥.7
2.1
2.5
¥3.2
8.4
3.2
6.7
5.3

4.1
4.8
5.6
8.7
6.0
6.1
10.5
6.5
4.8
5.7

6.1
7.5
9.5
10.8
8.3
8.7
12.8
6.7
3.7
6.4

5.3
5.2
5.3
6.8
6.4
4.8
6.2
6.9
8.1
8.6

r 9,279.4

9,402.6
9,449.8

23,194.4
......................
......................
23,684.1
......................
......................
24,169.9

6.1
5.3
5.3
4.0
3.9
5.6
4.3

6.6
6.2
5.5
5.4
5.0
4.3
4.6

8.9
7.6
6.8
r 6.1
r 4.8
3.5
3.7

7.7
............
............
8.2
............
............
8.2

9,498.0
9,532.9
9,562.9
9,612.0
9,646.3
9,724.9

......................
......................
24,772.7
......................
......................
......................

4.0
2.5
2.9
.3
¥.2
¥.1

5.0
4.8
4.4
3.4
2.3
2.5

4.6
4.7
4.3
5.1
5.2
5.8

............
............
10.0
............
............
............

r 9,283.1
r 9,315.6
r 9,363.9
r 9,372.8

3 Annual changes are from fourth quarter to fourth quarter. Quarterly changes are from previous quarter at an annual rate.
See p. 27 for components.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

COMPONENTS OF MONEY STOCK
[Averages of daily figures; billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]

Period

1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

Currency

Nonbank
travelers
checks

Demand
deposits

Savings
deposits,
including
money
market
deposit
accounts
(MMDAs)

Other
checkable
deposits
(OCDs)

Small
denomination
time
deposits 1

Money market
mutual fund
balances

Large
denomination
time
deposits 1

Institutional

Retail

Overnight
and term Overnight
repurand term
chase
Euroagreedollars
ments
(net)
(RPs)
(net)

...........................................
...........................................
...........................................
...........................................
...........................................
...........................................
...........................................
...........................................
...........................................
...........................................

372.2
394.1
424.5
459.8
517.9
531.3
581.1
626.1
662.1
696.9

9.0
8.8
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.3
8.0
7.8
7.7
7.6

389.2
401.6
393.8
376.9
353.0
309.4
331.5
302.1
317.2
333.1

356.5
275.4
245.4
249.5
243.1
238.1
257.4
279.3
310.2
328.0

1,133.8
1,272.9
1,399.5
1,605.2
1,740.9
1,878.7
2,314.4
2,781.3
3,173.7
3,530.0

931.3
946.9
968.2
951.9
954.2
1,044.2
972.7
891.7
808.5
r 814.4

448.3
515.2
590.2
730.4
829.8
920.2
981.0
910.5
797.2
712.1

264.1
324.2
397.6
542.0
638.8
792.8
1,198.6
1,251.1
1,121.1
1,072.4

438.9
521.0
631.1
683.7
758.7
836.4
800.6
812.5
881.6
1,065.4

198.6
210.7
254.4
293.8
335.9
363.8
375.8
476.8
508.9
r 508.0

94.0
114.6
147.5
150.2
170.8
195.4
211.8
231.5
297.0
381.9

2004: June ..........................................
July ...........................................
Aug ...........................................
Sept ..........................................
Oct ............................................
Nov ...........................................
Dec ...........................................

678.2
684.3
686.3
689.6
692.2
696.9
696.9

7.7
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6

327.0
313.3
327.2
330.4
326.0
332.4
333.1

324.0
324.3
326.4
324.2
r 326.0
329.9
328.0

3,394.4
3,414.2
3,421.0
3,453.7
r 3,483.5
3,507.1
3,530.0

794.4
795.2
799.0
802.4
806.1
809.8
r 814.4

750.9
739.5
732.1
726.6
719.6
714.3
712.1

1,126.4
1,112.1
1,108.6
1,104.4
1,080.9
1,072.2
1,072.4

996.4
1,017.0
1,026.2
1,032.9
1,041.4
1,046.4
1,065.4

r 552.5

327.6
335.6
343.4
353.7
367.9
371.7
381.9

2005: Jan ...........................................
Feb ...........................................
Mar r ..........................................
Apr r ..........................................
May r ..........................................
June ..........................................

699.6
701.6
703.9
704.4
706.1
709.0

7.5
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.3

324.7
333.5
337.7
318.9
327.0
329.9

324.5
321.5
322.4
323.3
325.1
318.8

3,544.7
r 3,545.4
3,548.4
3,543.0
3,516.4
3,535.5

824.5
836.4
850.1
865.5
883.8
900.3

711.1
705.9
702.4
706.6
704.5
701.7

1,060.7
1,043.3
1,039.5
1,054.1
1,051.1
1,067.3

1,125.0
1,145.5
1,156.4
1,198.1
1,195.9
1,221.6

1 Small denomination and large denomination deposits are those issued in amounts of less
than $100,000 and more than $100,000, respectively.

r 540.2
r 537.9
r 538.4
r 521.4
r 514.2
r 508.0
r 479.9
r 497.1

490.5
478.9
507.0
499.8

395.8
395.3
404.3
411.8
422.1
433.5

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

AGGREGATE RESERVES AND MONETARY BASE
[Averages of daily figures 1; millions of dollars; seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Adjusted for changes in reserve requirements
Period
Total 2
1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

Borrowings of depository institutions from the Federal
Reserve (NSA)

Reserves of depository institutions
Nonborrowed 3

Required

Excess
(NSA)

Monetary
base

Total

Primary

Secondary

Seasonal

Adjustment 4

..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................

56,483
50,183
46,873
45,515
42,099
38,792
41,496
40,441
42,767
46,761

56,226
50,028
46,549
45,398
41,778
38,582
41,429
40,361
42,721
46,698

55,193
48,766
45,189
44,001
40,802
37,364
39,846
38,432
41,729
44,849

1,290
1,416
1,685
1,514
1,297
1,427
1,651
2,009
1,038
1,911

434,571
452,082
479,941
514,094
593,652
584,820
635,414
681,303
719,853
758,574

257
155
324
117
320
210
67
80
46
63

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
17
11

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
0
0

40
68
79
15
67
111
33
45
29
52

217
87
245
101
179
99
34
35
................
................

2004: July .................................
Aug .................................
Sept .................................
Oct ..................................
Nov .................................
Dec ..................................

46,460
45,510
46,520
46,427
46,393
46,761

46,216
45,258
46,185
46,248
46,210
46,698

44,758
43,973
44,941
44,709
44,623
44,849

1,702
1,537
1,579
1,719
1,771
1,911

745,848
747,506
751,528
754,172
758,483
758,574

245
251
335
179
183
63

42
18
97
15
105
11

0
0
0
0
0
0

203
233
238
164
78
52

................
................
................
................
................
................

2005: Jan ..................................
Feb ..................................
Mar .................................
Apr ..................................
May r ................................
June r ...............................
July p ...............................

47,436
45,949
46,810
46,613
45,918
46,707
46,112

47,374
45,907
46,761
46,481
45,779
46,458
45,687

45,694
44,420
45,003
44,935
44,390
44,932
44,388

1,742
1,529
1,807
1,678
1,528
1,775
1,724

761,120
764,292
766,493
r 767,409
768,390
771,678
772,112

62
42
49
132
139
249
425

39
26
13
52
6
85
176

0
0
0
0
0
0
12

23
16
37
80
133
164
237

................
................
................
................
................
................
................

1 Data are prorated averages of biweekly (maintenance period) averages of daily figures.
Reserves and monetary base incorporate adjustments for discontinuities, or ‘‘breaks,’’ associated with changes in reserve requirements.
2 Seasonally adjusted break-adjusted required reserves plus unadjusted excess reserves.

3 Seasonally adjusted break-adjusted total reserves less unadjusted total borrowings of depository institutions from the Federal Reserve.
4 Discontinued after January 8, 2003.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

27

BANK CREDIT AT ALL COMMERCIAL BANKS
Total commercial bank loans and leases rose 1.3 percent in June; commercial and industrial loans rose 0.5 percent.

[Billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted 1]
Securities in bank credit

Period

1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:
2004:

Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
June r ........
July r .........
Aug r .........
Sept r .........
Oct r ..........
Nov r .........
Dec r ..........
2005: Jan r ..........
Feb r ..........
Mar r .........
Apr r ..........
May r .........
June .........

Total
bank
credit

3,601.0
3,757.0
4,099.4
4,532.9
4,763.4
5,216.6
5,427.6
5,886.2
6,250.8
6,791.9
6,585.6
6,597.9
6,628.1
6,698.3
6,713.0
6,757.7
6,791.9
6,891.9
6,998.9
7,086.1
7,108.4
7,157.8
7,206.0

Total
securities

U.S.
Treasury
and
agency
securities

984.0
984.4
1,098.7
1,237.0
1,282.8
1,348.2
1,493.3
1,721.6
1,850.6
1,937.5
1,933.6
1,908.5
1,914.0
1,924.2
1,917.1
1,924.2
1,937.5
1,990.9
2,038.7
2,057.9
2,043.7
2,070.3
2,053.0

701.1
702.6
755.6
797.6
815.6
792.4
853.0
1,028.8
1,104.5
1,151.0
1,188.9
1,180.7
1,182.3
1,176.7
1,148.1
1,146.6
1,151.0
1,183.9
1,219.8
1,220.4
1,195.6
1,202.1
1,174.6

Loans and leases in bank credit
Real estate

CommerOther
Total loans cial and
securities and leases 2 industrial

282.9
281.8
343.1
439.5
467.2
555.8
640.3
692.7
746.1
786.5
744.7
727.8
731.7
747.4
768.9
777.6
786.5
806.9
819.0
837.5
848.1
868.2
878.3

2,617.0
2,772.6
3,000.7
3,295.9
3,480.6
3,868.4
3,934.3
4,164.6
4,400.1
4,854.4
4,652.0
4,689.3
4,714.1
4,774.1
4,796.0
4,833.5
4,854.4
4,901.1
4,960.2
5,028.2
5,064.7
5,087.5
5,153.0

1 Data are prorated averages of Wednesday values for domestically chartered commercial
banks, branches and agencies of foreign banks, New York State investment companies (through
September 1996), and Edge Act and agreement corporations. Data are adjusted for breaks
caused by reclassifications of assets and liabilities.

28

723.8
783.9
853.4
946.8
998.3
1,086.4
1,026.6
963.2
901.5
927.4
890.8
896.3
904.7
908.2
910.1
918.0
927.4
946.7
957.1
963.7
976.0
987.6
993.0

Total

1,089.5
1,141.4
1,243.5
1,333.7
1,471.9
1,651.1
1,780.3
2,021.8
2,216.3
2,544.5
2,408.7
2,418.7
2,437.0
2,462.7
2,497.5
2,522.0
2,544.5
2,569.7
2,598.1
2,652.1
2,677.7
2,683.1
2,721.8

Revolving
home
equity

84.5
90.9
105.0
103.9
101.5
130.0
155.8
213.5
280.8
399.0
337.2
347.0
358.1
369.4
383.4
393.3
399.0
406.4
408.2
416.1
420.3
423.8
427.1

Consumer

Security

Other

Other

1,004.9
1,050.5
1,138.5
1,229.7
1,370.4
1,521.1
1,624.5
1,808.3
1,935.5
2,145.4
2,071.6
2,071.7
2,078.9
2,093.3
2,114.1
2,128.7
2,145.4
2,163.3
2,189.9
2,236.0
2,257.4
2,259.3
2,294.8

491.4
512.4
502.6
496.9
490.6
539.3
556.0
586.7
643.0
695.3
662.3
691.0
691.3
693.3
690.0
685.6
695.3
702.9
700.7
708.7
711.5
704.8
707.5

83.2
75.3
94.4
145.3
149.8
177.3
146.0
190.2
215.2
215.9
248.8
238.0
232.0
247.5
241.6
236.9
215.9
200.7
221.4
228.4
223.9
236.1
246.4

229.1
259.6
306.8
373.1
370.0
414.2
425.4
402.9
424.2
471.4
441.3
445.4
449.0
462.4
456.8
471.0
471.4
481.1
482.8
475.3
475.6
475.9
484.2

2 Excludes Federal funds sold to, reverse repurchase agreements (RPs) with, and loans to
commercial banks in the United States.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

SOURCES AND USES OF FUNDS, NONFARM NONFINANCIAL CORPORATE
BUSINESS
[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Sources

Uses

External (Net increase in liabilities)
Funds raised in markets
Period
Total

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2003:

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
I .............
II ...........
III ..........
IV ..........
2004: I .............
II ...........
III ..........
IV ..........
2005: I p ...........

989.2
1,058.0
995.4
1,298.1
1,718.6
1,955.4
850.2
910.9
1,064.9
1,372.4
1,035.9
1,103.2
993.8
1,126.6
1,451.7
1,343.6
1,342.5
1,351.8
1,552.8

Internal 1

598.4
659.5
711.9
682.1
731.0
718.0
755.0
826.0
917.2
1,001.3
822.5
901.2
944.8
1,000.2
998.3
1,000.3
1,047.8
959.0
1,020.0

Credit market instruments
Total

390.8
398.5
283.5
616.0
987.6
1,237.4
95.2
84.9
147.7
371.1
213.4
202.0
49.0
126.4
453.4
343.3
294.7
392.8
532.8

Capital
expenditures 3

Total

Total
net
funds
raised

Net new
equity
issues

168.8
135.4
214.4
180.4
259.9
232.3
173.8
¥13.9
85.7
73.8
88.7
222.4
28.9
2.6
117.1
¥65.2
21.6
221.7
163.5

¥58.3
¥47.3
¥77.4
¥215.5
¥110.4
¥118.2
¥47.4
¥41.6
¥57.8
¥157.0
¥67.0
¥50.2
¥44.9
¥69.0
¥82.2
¥159.5
¥203.2
¥183.2
¥226.0

Total

Securities
and mortgages

227.1
182.8
291.8
395.9
370.2
350.5
221.2
27.7
143.4
230.8
155.7
272.6
73.8
71.6
199.3
94.3
224.8
404.9
389.5

1 Profits before tax (book) less taxes on corporate income, less net dividends, plus capital consumption allowance (consumption of fixed capital plus capital consumption adjustment), foreign
earnings retained abroad, inventory valuation adjustment, and net capital transfers.
2 Includes trade payables, taxes payable, and miscellaneous liabilities (foreign direct investment in the U.S., pension fund contributions payable, and other).

102.2
129.2
187.2
241.2
269.5
192.7
411.3
184.1
242.3
180.3
229.1
404.9
198.9
136.5
210.3
77.7
176.4
256.9
160.8

Loans
and
shortterm
paper

Other 2

124.9
53.7
104.6
154.9
100.8
157.8
¥190.1
¥156.4
¥98.9
50.5
¥73.3
¥132.2
¥125.0
¥65.0
¥11.0
16.6
48.4
148.0
228.8

222.1
263.1
69.0
435.5
727.8
1,005.2
¥78.5
98.8
62.1
297.3
124.7
¥20.5
20.1
123.8
336.3
408.5
273.1
171.2
369.3

1,044.0
1,093.0
1,016.2
1,348.5
1,833.8
2,137.8
980.1
892.7
1,129.2
1,497.3
1,153.0
1,119.0
1,043.2
1,201.4
1,544.3
1,469.8
1,377.7
1,597.5
1,661.9

617.6
639.0
743.8
778.6
863.9
928.6
802.5
762.6
769.6
899.6
748.9
741.7
777.5
810.3
847.8
900.9
898.5
951.3
989.9

Increase
in financial assets

426.4
454.0
272.4
569.9
969.9
1,209.2
177.6
130.1
359.6
597.7
404.1
377.3
265.7
391.1
696.5
568.9
479.2
646.2
672.0

Discrepancy
(sources
less
uses)

¥54.7
¥35.0
¥20.8
¥50.5
¥115.2
¥182.4
¥130.0
18.2
¥64.3
¥124.9
¥117.1
¥15.9
¥49.4
¥74.9
¥92.6
¥126.1
¥35.1
¥245.6
¥109.1

3 Nonresidential fixed investment plus residential fixed investment, inventory change with inventory valuation adjustment, and nonproduced nonfinancial assets.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

CONSUMER CREDIT
[Billions of dollars; seasonally adjusted]

Consumer credit outstanding (end of period)
Period
Total

1995:
1996:
1997:
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:
2004:

Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
Dec ...............................................................................
June .............................................................................
July ..............................................................................
Aug ..............................................................................
Sept r .............................................................................
Oct r ..............................................................................
Nov r .............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
2005: Jan r ..............................................................................
Feb r ..............................................................................
Mar r .............................................................................
Apr r ..............................................................................
May r .............................................................................
June p ............................................................................

Revolving

1,141.0
1,242.9
1,320.1
1,415.6
1,529.4
1,704.3
1,841.1
1,922.8
2,013.5
2,104.9
2,055.1
2,064.1
2,071.7
2,084.9
2,103.3
2,097.7
2,104.9
2,116.8
2,122.6
2,129.3
2,132.3
2,131.1
2,145.6

1 Change based on data in billions of dollars as shown here. For year-end data, change from
preceding year-end; for monthly data, change from preceding month.
2 Includes automobile loans and all other loans not included in revolving credit, such as loans
for mobile homes, education, boats, trailers, or vacations. These loans may be secured or unsecured.

443.5
499.6
536.7
577.8
606.6
676.9
721.2
736.9
760.7
793.2
768.0
775.5
777.8
785.4
794.2
787.7
793.2
795.8
797.0
796.4
796.1
797.0
804.7

Nonrevolving 2

697.5
743.2
783.4
837.8
922.8
1,027.4
1,119.9
1,185.9
1,252.8
1,311.8
1,287.1
1,288.7
1,293.8
1,299.5
1,309.2
1,310.1
1,311.8
1,321.0
1,325.5
1,332.9
1,336.2
1,334.0
1,340.9

Net change in consumer credit outstanding 1
Total

143.9
101.9
77.2
95.5
113.8
174.9
136.8
81.7
90.7
91.4
5.5
9.0
7.6
13.2
18.4
¥5.6
7.2
11.9
5.8
6.7
3.0
¥1.2
14.5

Revolving

77.9
56.1
37.1
41.1
28.8
70.3
44.3
15.7
23.8
32.5
2.3
7.5
2.3
7.6
8.8
¥6.5
5.5
2.6
1.2
¥.6
¥.3
.9
7.7

Nonrevolving 2

65.9
45.7
40.2
54.4
85.0
104.6
92.5
66.0
66.9
59.0
3.2
1.6
5.1
5.7
9.7
.9
1.7
9.2
4.5
7.4
3.3
¥2.2
6.9

NOTE.—Effective October 7, 2003 data beginning 1977 include student loans extended by
the Federal Government and by SLM Holding Corporation.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

29

INTEREST RATES AND BOND YIELDS
Interest rates rose in July.

[Percent per annum]
U.S. Treasury security yields
Constant
Period

1995 .......................
1996 .......................
1997 .......................
1998 .......................
1999 .......................
2000 .......................
2001 .......................
2002 .......................
2003 .......................
2004 .......................
2004: July .............
Aug .............
Sept .............
Oct ..............
Nov .............
Dec ..............
2005: Jan .............
Feb ..............
Mar .............
Apr ..............
May .............
June ............
July .............
Week ended:
2005: July 9 ..........
16 ........
23 ........
30 ........
Aug 6 .........
1 Bank-discount

3-month
bills (new
issues) 1

3-year

maturities 2

10-year

30-year

Highgrade
municipal
bonds
(Standard
&
Poor’s) 3

Corporate
Aaa
bonds
(Moody’s)

30

Primary
credit

5.51
5.02
5.07
4.81
4.66
5.85
3.45
1.62
1.02
1.38
1.35
1.48
1.65
1.75
2.06
2.20
2.32
2.53
2.75
2.79
2.86
2.99
3.22

6.25
5.99
6.10
5.14
5.49
6.22
4.09
3.10
2.10
2.78
3.05
2.88
2.83
2.85
3.09
3.21
3.39
3.54
3.91
3.79
3.72
3.69
3.91

6.57
6.44
6.35
5.26
5.65
6.03
5.02
4.61
4.01
4.27
4.50
4.28
4.13
4.10
4.19
4.23
4.22
4.17
4.50
4.34
4.14
4.00
4.18

6.88
6.71
6.61
5.58
5.87
5.94
5.49
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

5.95
5.75
5.55
5.12
5.43
5.77
5.19
5.05
4.73
4.63
4.82
4.65
4.49
4.43
4.48
4.40
4.28
4.14
4.42
4.31
4.16
4.08
4.15

7.59
7.37
7.26
6.53
7.04
7.62
7.08
6.49
5.67
5.63
5.82
5.65
5.46
5.47
5.52
5.47
5.36
5.20
5.40
5.33
5.15
4.96
5.06

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
2.12
2.34
2.25
2.50
2.75
2.75
3.00
3.25
3.25
3.50
3.75
3.75
4.00
4.25
4.25

3.15
3.14
3.22
3.35
3.40

3.80
3.89
3.96
4.02
4.10

4.09
4.16
4.22
4.25
4.34

*
*
*
*
*

4.15
4.14
4.14
4.17
4.21

5.03
5.04
5.09
5.08
5.16

4.25
4.25
4.25
4.25
4.25

basis.
on actively traded issues adjusted to constant maturities.
3 Weekly data are Wednesday figures.
4 Discount window borrowing for primary credit and discount rate (adjustment credit). The
rate for primary credit replaced the rate for adjustment credit under an amendment to the Federal Reserve Board’s Regulation A, effective January 9, 2003.
5 Average effective rate for year; rate in effect at end of month or week.
2 Yields

Discount window
(N.Y. F.R. Bank) 4 5

6 Daily

Discount
rate

5.21
5.02
5.00
4.92
4.62
5.73
3.40
1.17

Prime rate
charged by
banks 5

Federal
funds
rate 6

Newhome
mortgage
yields
(FHFB) 7

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

8.83
8.27
8.44
8.35
8.00
9.23
6.91
4.67
4.12
4.34
4.25
4.50
4.75
4.75
5.00
5.25
5.25
5.50
5.75
5.75
6.00
6.25
6.25

5.83
5.30
5.46
5.35
4.97
6.24
3.88
1.67
1.13
1.35
1.26
1.43
1.61
1.76
1.93
2.16
2.28
2.50
2.63
2.79
3.00
3.04
3.26

7.87
7.80
7.71
7.07
7.04
7.52
7.00
6.43
5.80
5.77
5.96
5.88
5.72
5.82
5.91
6.02
6.01
5.75
5.82
5.84
5.82
5.76
..............

*
*
*
*
*

6.25
6.25
6.25
6.25
6.25

3.29
3.22
3.26
3.26
3.29

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

effective rate; weighted average of rates on brokered trades.
7 Effective rate (in the primary market) on conventional mortgages, reflecting fees and
charges as well as contract rate and assumed, on the average, repayment at end of 10 years.
*Series no longer published or discontinued.
Sources: Department of the Treasury, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,
Federal Housing Finance Board, Moody’s Investors Service, and Standard & Poor’s.

COMMON STOCK PRICES AND YIELDS
Overall, stock prices rose in July.

Common stock prices 1
Period

New York Stock Exchange indexes 2 3
(December 31, 2002=5,000)

Dow Jones
industrial
average 4

Common stock yields
(percent) 7
Standard &
Poor’s composite index
(1941–
43=10) 5

Nasdaq composite index
(Feb. 5,
1971=100) 6

Dividendprice ratio

Earningsprice ratio

Composite

Financial

Energy

Health
Care

.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................
.......................................................

3,078.56
3,787.20
4,827.35
5,818.26
6,546.81
6,805.89
6,397.85
5,578.89
5,447.46
6,612.62

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
5,583.00
6,822.18

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
5,273.90
6,952.36

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
5,288.67
5,924.80

4,493.76
5,742.89
7,441.15
8,625.52
10,464.88
10,734.90
10,189.13
9,226.43
8,993.59
10,317.39

541.72
670.50
873.43
1,085.50
1,327.33
1,427.22
1,194.18
993.94
965.23
1,130.65

925.19
1,164.96
1,469.49
1,794.91
2,728.15
3,783.67
2,035.00
1,539.73
1,647.17
1,986.53

2.56
2.19
1.77
1.49
1.25
1.15
1.32
1.61
1.77
1.72

6.09
5.24
4.57
3.46
3.17
3.63
2.95
2.92
3.84
4.89

2004: July .............................................
Aug .............................................
Sept .............................................
Oct ..............................................
Nov .............................................
Dec ..............................................

6,443.45
6,352.83
6,551.90
6,608.98
6,933.75
7,134.42

6,569.52
6,566.19
6,773.95
6,792.44
7,118.40
7,354.73

6,971.57
6,866.75
7,270.08
7,593.71
7,773.26
7,843.99

5,823.34
5,733.68
5,890.05
5,668.02
5,818.20
6,006.46

10,152.09
10,032.80
10,204.67
10,001.60
10,411.76
10,673.38

1,105.85
1,088.94
1,117.66
1,118.07
1,168.94
1,199.21

1,912.42
1,821.54
1,884.73
1,938.25
2,062.87
2,149.53

1.77
1.81
1.78
1.79
1.74
1.72

..................
..................
5.18
..................
..................
4.83

2005: Jan ..............................................
Feb ..............................................
Mar .............................................
Apr ..............................................
May .............................................
June ............................................
July .............................................

7,056.85
7,241.89
7,275.51
7,077.97
7,094.02
7,238.96
7,389.23

7,282.65
7,377.10
7,274.12
7,014.98
7,092.20
7,199.86
7,373.25

7,841.24
8,646.71
9,077.38
8,793.74
8,513.39
9,122.87
9,607.53

5,970.34
6,052.78
6,148.03
6,253.05
6,432.30
6,408.88
6,342.76

10,539.51
10,723.82
10,682.09
10,283.19
10,377.18
10,486.68
10,545.38

1,181.41
1,199.63
1,194.90
1,164.42
1,178.28
1,202.25
1,222.24

2,071.87
2,065.74
2,030.43
1,957.49
2,005.22
2,074.02
2,145.14

1.77
1.76
1.79
1.86
1.86
1.83
1.82

..................
..................
5.11
..................
..................
..................
..................

Week ended:
2005: July 9 .........................................
16 .......................................
23 .......................................
30 .......................................
Aug 6 ........................................

7,281.67
7,400.43
7,420.00
7,462.04
7,518.74

7,262.27
7,396.02
7,410.27
7,429.43
7,439.61

9,609.13
9,607.12
9,525.30
9,729.59
9,948.47

6,324.32
6,369.17
6,336.76
6,341.02
6,430.40

10,348.48
10,572.14
10,637.93
10,631.96
10,634.52

1,202.42
1,223.87
1,229.28
1,234.98
1,237.36

2,083.99
2,146.46
2,172.99
2,182.44
2,199.91

1.86
1.81
1.81
1.80
1.79

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1 Average

of daily closing prices.
all the stocks (nearly 3,000) listed on the NYSE.
January 9, 2003, the NYSE relaunched the composite index with changes in
methodology, definitions, and based on Dec. 31, 2002=5,000. Effective January 8, 2004 new
indexes for Financial, Energy, and Health Care were introduced by the NYSE. Previous indexes
shown for Industrial, Transportation, Utility, and Finance were discontinued.
4 Includes 30 stocks.
2 Includes

3 Effective

5 Includes

500 stocks.
over 5,000 stocks.
& Poor’s series. Dividend-price ratios based on Wednesday closing prices. Earnings-price ratios based on prices at end of quarter.
6 Includes

7 Standard

Sources: New York Stock Exchange, Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Standard & Poor’s, and
Nasdaq Stock Market.

31

FEDERAL FINANCE
FEDERAL RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND DEBT
In the first 9 months of fiscal 2005, there was a deficit of $249.8 billion, compared with a deficit of $327.2 billion
a year earlier.

[Billions of dollars]
Total

On-budget

Off-budget

Receipts

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Receipts

909.3
991.2
1,032.0
1,055.0
1,091.3
1,154.4
1,258.6
1,351.8
1,453.1
1,579.3
1,721.8
1,827.5
2,025.2
1,991.2
1,853.2
1,782.3
1,880.1
2,139.7

1,064.5
1,143.8
1,253.1
1,324.3
1,381.6
1,409.5
1,461.9
1,515.8
1,560.5
1,601.2
1,652.6
1,701.9
1,789.1
1,863.0
2,011.0
2,159.9
2,292.2
2,472.3

¥155.2
¥152.6
¥221.1
¥269.3
¥290.3
¥255.1
¥203.2
¥164.0
¥107.5
¥21.9
69.2
125.5
236.2
128.2
¥157.8
¥377.6
¥412.1
¥332.7

667.8
727.5
750.3
761.2
788.9
842.5
923.6
1,000.8
1,085.6
1,187.3
1,306.0
1,383.0
1,544.6
1,483.7
1,337.9
1,258.5
1,345.3
1,564.0

860.1
932.9
1,028.1
1,082.6
1,129.3
1,142.9
1,182.5
1,227.2
1,259.6
1,290.6
1,336.0
1,381.1
1,458.3
1,516.2
1,655.3
1,796.9
1,912.7
2,072.2

¥192.3
¥205.4
¥277.7
¥321.5
¥340.4
¥300.4
¥258.9
¥226.4
¥174.1
¥103.3
¥30.0
1.9
86.3
¥32.5
¥317.5
¥538.4
¥567.4
¥508.2

241.5
263.7
281.7
293.9
302.4
311.9
335.0
351.1
367.5
392.0
415.8
444.5
480.6
507.5
515.3
523.8
534.7
575.7

204.4
210.9
225.1
241.7
252.3
266.6
279.4
288.7
300.9
310.6
316.6
320.8
330.8
346.8
355.7
363.0
379.5
400.1

37.1
52.8
56.6
52.2
50.1
45.3
55.7
62.4
66.6
81.4
99.2
123.7
149.8
160.7
159.7
160.8
155.2
175.6

2,601.1
2,867.8
3,206.3
3,598.2
4,001.8
4,351.0
4,643.3
4,920.6
5,181.5
5,369.2
5,478.2
5,605.5
5,628.7
5,769.9
6,198.4
6,760.0
7,354.7
7,942.0

2,051.6
2,190.7
2,411.6
2,689.0
2,999.7
3,248.4
3,433.1
3,604.4
3,734.1
3,772.3
3,721.1
3,632.4
3,409.8
3,319.6
3,540.4
3,913.4
4,295.5
4,619.3

1,400.3
1,604.2

1,727.5
1,854.0

¥327.2
¥249.8

994.8
1,168.2

1,467.3
1,578.7

¥472.4
¥410.5

405.5
436.0

260.2
275.2

145.3
160.7

7,248.3
7,809.9

4,209.6
4,516.8

Fiscal year or period

1988 ......................................
1989 ......................................
1990 ......................................
1991 ......................................
1992 ......................................
1993 ......................................
1994 ......................................
1995 ......................................
1996 ......................................
1997 ......................................
1998 ......................................
1999 ......................................
2000 ......................................
2001 ......................................
2002 ......................................
2003 ......................................
2004 ......................................
2005 (estimates) r ...................
Cumulative total, first 9
months: 1
Fiscal year 2004 ...............
Fiscal year 2005 ...............
1 Data

32

from current issue Monthly Treasury Statement.

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Federal debt (end of
period)

Receipts

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Gross
Federal

Held by
the public

NOTE.—Data for fiscal 2005 are from Mid-Session Review, Budget of the U.S. Government,
Fiscal Year 2006, issued July 13, 2005. Other data (except as noted) are from Budget of the
United States Government, Fiscal Year 2006, issued February 7, 2005.
Sources: Department of the Treasury and Office of Management and Budget.

FEDERAL RECEIPTS BY SOURCE AND
OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION
In the first 9 months of fiscal 2005, receipts were $203.9 billion higher than a year earlier and outlays were $126.5
billion higher.

[Billions of dollars]
On-budget and off-budget receipts

Fiscal year or period
Total

1988 ...............................................
1989 ...............................................
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

...............................................
...............................................
...............................................
...............................................
...............................................
...............................................
...............................................
...............................................
...............................................
...............................................

2000 ...............................................
2001 ..............................................
2002 ..............................................
2003 ..............................................
2004 ..............................................
2005 (estimates) r ..........................
Cumulative total, first 9 months: 2
Fiscal year 2004 ........................
Fiscal year 2005 ........................

Individual
income
taxes

Corporation
income
taxes

Social
insurance
and
retirement
receipts

On-budget and off-budget outlays
National defense
Other

Total

909.3
991.2

401.2
445.7

94.5
103.3

334.3
359.4

1,032.0
1,055.0
1,091.3
1,154.4
1,258.6
1,351.8
1,453.1
1,579.3
1,721.8
1,827.5

466.9
467.8
476.0
509.7
543.1
590.2
656.4
737.5
828.6
879.5

93.5
98.1
100.3
117.5
140.4
157.0
171.8
182.3
188.7
184.7

380.0
396.0
413.7
428.3
461.5
484.5
509.4
539.4
571.8
611.8

91.5
93.1
101.4
98.9
113.7
120.1
115.4
120.2
132.7
151.5

2,025.2 1,004.5
1,991.2 994.3
1,853.2 858.3
1,782.3 793.7
1,880.1 809.0
2,139.7 929.1

207.3
151.1
148.0
131.8
189.4
265.8

652.9
694.0
700.8
713.0
733.4
793.5

160.6
151.8
146.0
143.9
148.3
151.3

1,400.3
1,604.2

140.3
197.8

555.9
601.4

596.4
693.7

Total

79.3 1,064.5
82.8 1,143.8

Department of
Defense,
military 1

International
affairs

Health

Medicare

Income Social
security security

Net
interest

Other

290.4
303.6

281.9
294.8

10.5
9.6

44.5
48.4

78.9
85.0

130.4
137.4

219.3
232.5

151.8
169.0

138.8
158.4

1,253.1
1,324.3
1,381.6
1,409.5
1,461.9
1,515.8
1,560.5
1,601.2
1,652.6
1,701.9

299.3
273.3
298.4
291.1
281.6
272.1
265.8
270.5
268.5
274.9

289.7
262.3
286.8
278.5
268.6
259.4
253.1
258.3
256.1
261.3

13.8
15.9
16.1
17.2
17.1
16.4
13.5
15.2
13.1
15.2

57.7
71.2
89.5
99.4
107.1
115.4
119.4
123.8
131.4
141.1

98.1
104.5
119.0
130.6
144.7
159.9
174.2
190.0
192.8
190.4

148.7
172.4
199.5
209.9
217.1
223.7
229.7
235.0
237.7
242.4

248.6
269.0
287.6
304.6
319.6
335.8
349.7
365.3
379.2
390.0

184.3
194.4
199.3
198.7
202.9
232.1
241.1
244.0
241.1
229.8

202.6
223.6
172.2
158.0
171.7
160.3
167.3
157.4
188.8
218.1

1,789.1
1,863.0
2,011.0
2,159.9
2,292.2
2,472.3

294.5
304.9
348.6
404.9
455.9
492.7

281.2
290.3
332.0
387.3
436.5
470.7

17.2
16.5
22.4
21.2
26.9
33.0

154.5
172.3
196.5
219.6
240.1
256.2

197.1
217.4
230.9
249.4
269.4
295.3

253.6
269.6
312.5
334.4
332.8
349.2

409.4
433.0
456.0
474.7
495.5
522.3

222.9
206.2
170.9
153.1
160.2
182.9

239.8
243.3
273.2
302.6
311.3
340.9

107.6 1,727.5
111.2 1,854.0

336.2
360.1

322.3
347.0

20.3
26.9

182.4
189.9

198.8
217.8

264.3
272.6

371.0
391.6

124.4
140.8

229.9
254.3

1 Cumulative data for fiscal 2004 and 2005 for Department of Defense, military include a
small amount classified as international affairs, and not included in national defense.
2 Data from current issue Monthly Treasury Statement.

NOTE.—Data for fiscal 2005 are from Mid-Session Review, Budget of the U.S. Government,
Fiscal Year 2006, issued July 13, 2005. Other data (except as noted) are from Budget of the
United States Government, Fiscal Year 2006, issued February 7, 2005.
Sources: Department of the Treasury and Office of Management and Budget.

33

FEDERAL SECTOR, NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTS BASIS
In the second quarter of 2005, according to advance estimates, Federal current expenditures rose $31.6 billion
(annual rate); receipts data are incomplete. (Series revised.)

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Federal Government current receipts
Current tax receipts
Period
Total
Total1

Calendar year:
1995 ................
1996 ................
1997 ................
1998 ................
1999 ................
2000 ................
2001 ................
2002 r ...............
2003 r ...............
2004 r ...............
2002: I r ..............
II r ............
III r ...........
IV r ...........
2003: I r ..............
II r ............
III r ...........
IV r ...........
2004: I r ..............
II r ............
III r ...........
IV r ...........
2005: I r ..............
II p ............
1 Includes
2 Includes

34

1,406.5
1,524.0
1,653.1
1,773.8
1,891.2
2,053.8
2,016.2
1,853.2
1,868.6
1,974.8
1,845.9
1,854.1
1,856.1
1,856.6
1,881.4
1,896.3
1,808.9
1,887.9
1,917.8
1,951.4
1,975.4
2,054.6
2,201.5
..............

845.1
932.4
1,030.6
1,116.8
1,195.7
1,313.6
1,252.2
1,075.5
1,059.2
1,122.4
1,071.3
1,077.5
1,075.4
1,078.0
1,084.4
1,089.6
994.5
1,068.2
1,080.7
1,108.1
1,119.4
1,181.3
1,307.7
..............

Personal
current
taxes
586.0
663.4
744.3
825.8
893.0
999.1
994.5
830.5
774.3
801.8
843.1
835.2
825.8
818.0
806.7
811.2
708.8
770.6
771.3
786.3
810.0
839.7
910.9
930.3

Taxes
on
production and
imports
75.9
73.2
78.2
81.1
83.9
87.8
85.8
87.3
89.7
94.0
84.9
87.7
88.5
88.0
90.1
89.7
88.8
90.2
93.4
93.4
94.0
95.1
95.4
97.2

Taxes
on
corporate
income
179.3
190.6
203.0
204.2
213.0
219.4
164.7
150.5
186.7
217.4
136.3
147.4
153.9
164.2
180.7
178.8
189.1
198.1
206.9
219.9
207.5
235.3
291.7
..............

Contributions
for
government
social
insurance
519.2
542.8
576.4
613.8
651.6
691.7
717.5
734.3
759.1
802.5
732.1
735.5
735.0
734.4
749.0
756.4
762.9
768.0
787.2
793.5
806.0
823.4
843.4
851.0

taxes from the rest of the world, not shown separately.
a subtraction for wage accruals less disbursements, not shown separately.

Federal Government current expenditures

Income
receipts
on
assets

Current
transfer
receipts

Current
surplus
of government
enterprises

23.7
26.9
25.9
21.5
21.5
25.2
24.9
20.2
22.7
21.9
21.1
20.1
19.8
19.9
19.5
22.8
24.0
24.6
22.0
21.5
21.8
22.2
23.0
24.2

19.1
23.1
19.9
21.5
22.7
25.7
27.1
24.8
25.7
28.6
25.7
24.9
24.5
24.0
24.8
25.5
26.2
26.5
27.6
28.1
28.7
30.0
30.4
30.2

¥0.6
¥1.2
.3
.1
¥.3
¥2.3
¥5.5
¥1.6
1.9
¥.5
¥4.3
¥3.9
1.4
.3
3.7
2.1
1.4
.6
.3
.3
¥.4
¥2.3
¥2.9
¥3.6

Total 2

1,603.5
1,665.8
1,708.9
1,734.9
1,787.6
1,864.4
1,969.5
2,101.1
2,251.4
2,381.3
2,054.4
2,095.5
2,103.4
2,151.1
2,177.4
2,270.1
2,265.1
2,292.9
2,347.2
2,364.9
2,387.0
2,426.2
2,494.9
2,526.5

Consumption
expenditures

440.5
446.3
457.7
454.6
475.1
499.3
531.9
591.5
661.9
725.7
571.3
585.0
591.4
618.5
634.7
667.6
668.4
676.8
710.7
721.1
735.7
735.1
759.6
763.0

Current
transfer
payments

839.0
888.3
918.8
946.5
986.1
1,038.1
1,131.4
1,243.0
1,327.7
1,391.2
1,215.1
1,240.7
1,247.6
1,268.5
1,285.0
1,332.1
1,339.0
1,354.8
1,379.3
1,382.6
1,384.0
1,419.0
1,458.7
1,460.1

Interest
payments

290.4
297.3
300.0
298.8
282.7
283.3
258.6
229.1
215.2
221.5
229.9
233.3
227.7
225.4
217.0
214.9
212.2
216.8
216.9
218.4
224.5
226.1
226.6
250.8

Note.—See Note, p.1.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Subsidies

33.7
34.0
32.4
35.0
43.8
43.8
47.6
37.5
46.5
43.0
38.1
36.5
36.7
38.7
42.0
54.2
45.5
44.4
41.8
41.3
42.8
46.1
50.1
52.6

Net
Federal
Government
saving

¥197.0
¥141.8
¥55.8
38.8
103.6
189.5
46.7
¥247.9
¥382.7
¥406.5
¥208.5
¥241.4
¥247.3
¥294.6
¥296.0
¥373.8
¥456.2
¥405.0
¥429.3
¥413.4
¥411.6
¥371.6
¥293.4
....................

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CONSUMER PRICES—MAJOR
INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES
Industrial production (1997=100; seasonally adjusted)
Period

United
States

Canada

1995 ....................................
89.4
1996 ....................................
93.2
1997 ....................................
100.0
1998 ....................................
105.8
1999 ....................................
110.6
2000 ....................................
115.4
2001 .....................................
111.3
2002 ....................................
111.0
2003 ....................................
110.9
2004 p ...................................
115.5
2004: Mar ..........................
114.1
Apr ..........................
114.7
May ..........................
115.5
June .........................
115.1
July ..........................
115.9
Aug ..........................
116.0
Sept .........................
115.7
Oct ...........................
116.6
Nov ..........................
116.9
Dec ..........................
117.9
2005: Jan ..........................
117.8
Feb ..........................
118.3
r 118.6
Mar ..........................
Apr ..........................
118.2
May ..........................
118.6
June p .......................
119.7
p ........................ ..............
July

Japan

France

Germany

93.5
94.7
100.0
103.5
109.6
119.0
114.4
116.1
117.0
121.1
119.7
119.8
120.2
121.4
121.6
122.6
122.4
122.4
123.0
123.5
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

94.4
96.6
100.0
93.5
93.8
99.0
92.7
91.7
94.5
99.6
97.2
100.2
101.3
100.0
100.3
100.1
99.8
98.6
100.0
99.2
101.5
............
............
............
............
............
............

96.1
96.0
100.0
103.5
105.8
110.1
111.5
109.8
109.3
111.2
111.1
110.6
111.1
112.0
111.2
109.5
112.6
111.5
111.8
112.6
............
............
............
............
............
............
............

96.8
97.0
100.0
103.7
104.9
110.7
111.0
109.9
110.3
113.4
111.8
113.5
114.5
113.4
114.6
113.8
113.8
114.3
112.6
113.3
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

Consumer prices (1982–84=100; NSA)
United
Kingdom

Italy

98.0
96.3
100.0
101.2
101.2
105.3
104.2
102.6
102.0
101.6
102.4
102.9
102.8
102.2
102.5
101.8
102.1
101.6
100.5
99.9
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

1 Data relate to all urban consumers.
NOTE.—See Note, p. 17, for information on U.S. industrial production series.

United
States 1

Canada

Japan

Germany

France

97.3
152.4
151.4 119.2 148.4
98.7
156.9
153.8 119.3 151.4
100.0
160.5
156.3 121.5 153.2
101.0
163.0
157.8 122.2 154.2
102.3
166.6
160.5 121.8 155.0
104.2
172.2
164.9 121.0 157.6
102.6
177.1
169.1 120.1 160.2
100.0
179.9
172.9 119.0 163.3
99.8
184.0
177.7 118.7 166.7
100.1
188.9
181.0 118.7 170.3
100.0
187.4
179.6 118.4 169.5
100.9
188.0
180.0 118.4 169.9
101.2
189.1
181.6 118.5 170.5
101.1
189.7
181.7 118.8 170.5
100.6
189.4
181.6 118.4 170.2
99.5
189.5
181.3 118.5 170.7
99.4
189.9
181.5 118.9 170.9
99.3
190.9
181.9 119.5 171.3
99.7
191.0
182.6 119.3 171.3
100.2
190.3
182.2 118.7 171.6
..............
190.7
182.0 118.1 170.7
..............
191.8
182.8 117.8 171.6
..............
193.3
183.8 118.2 172.7
..............
194.6
184.4 118.4 173.0
..............
194.4
184.5 118.8 173.2
..............
194.5
184.8 118.2 173.5
.............. .............. .............. ............ ............

United
Kingdom

Italy

133.3
135.3
137.8
139.1
140.0
142.0
144.8
146.7
148.3
150.8
150.0
150.5
150.8
150.8
151.2
151.5
151.0
151.3
150.8
152.3
151.7
152.3
152.7
152.9
153.3
r 153.5
154.0

205.6
175.2
213.8
179.4
218.2
185.1
222.5
191.4
226.2
194.3
231.9
200.1
238.3
203.6
244.3
207.0
250.8
213.0
256.3
219.4
255.0
216.9
255.6
218.2
256.2
219.1
256.6
219.5
256.8
219.5
257.4
220.2
257.4
221.0
257.4
221.6
257.6
222.1
258.3
223.1
258.3
221.9
259.1
222.8
259.9
223.8
260.3
225.1
261.1
225.6
261.1
225.8
262.2 ..............

Source: National sources as reported by Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic
Analysis and International Trade Administration, Office of Trade and Industry Information)
and Council of Economic Advisers.

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
[Billions of dollars; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Goods: Exports (f.a.s. value)

Goods: Imports (customs value)

Census basis (by end-use category)

Services
(BOP basis)

Balance of trade
(exports minus imports)

Census basis (by end-use category)
BOP basis

Period

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

BOP
basis

Total,
Census
basis 1

Auto- ConIndusmo- sumer
Foods, trial Capital tive goods
feeds,
supgoods vehi- (nonand
plies except cles, food)
bevand
auto- parts except
erages mate- motive and autorials
enmogines tive

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

575.2
612.1
678.4
670.4
684.0
772.0
718.7
682.4
713.4
807.5

584.7
625.1
689.2
682.1
695.8
781.9
729.1
693.1
724.8
818.8

50.5
55.5
51.5
46.4
46.0
47.9
49.4
49.6
55.0
56.6

146.2
147.7
158.2
148.3
147.5
172.6
160.1
156.8
173.0
204.0

233.0
253.0
294.5
299.4
310.8
356.9
321.7
290.4
293.6
331.5

2004: May ..
June
July ..
Aug ...
Sept ..
Oct ....
Nov ...
Dec ...

68.2
65.8
67.8
68.1
69.0
69.3
68.6
71.0

69.1
66.8
68.5
68.9
70.0
70.2
69.5
71.9

4.8
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8

17.2
16.5
17.4
17.0
17.4
17.9
17.8
18.4

28.3
26.8
28.0
28.1
28.1
28.1
27.6
28.6

7.3
7.2
7.5
7.8
7.8
7.8
7.6
8.0

2005: Jan ...
Feb ...
Mar ...
Apr r ..
May p

71.6
70.7
71.5
74.6
74.5

72.4
71.5
72.5
75.5
75.5

4.7
4.6
4.8
5.0
5.6

18.5
18.7
18.7
19.5
19.8

28.5
28.0
28.9
30.5
29.6

8.2
7.8
7.7
7.9
7.7

BOP
basis

IndusAutoFoods, trial Capital motive
Total, feeds, supgoods vehiCensus and
plies except cles,
basis 1
bevand
auto- parts
erages mate- motive and enrials
gines

Consumer
goods
(nonfood)
except
automotive

Exports

Imports

Goods,
Census
basis

Goods

Services

Goods
and
services

749.4
803.1
876.5
917.1
1,030.0
1,224.4
1,145.9
1,164.7
1,260.7
1,472.9

743.5
795.3
869.7
911.9
1,024.6
1,218.0
1,141.0
1,161.4
1,257.1
1,469.7

33.2
35.7
39.7
41.2
43.6
46.0
46.6
49.7
55.8
62.1

181.8
204.5
213.8
200.1
221.4
299.0
273.9
267.7
313.8
412.8

221.4
228.1
253.3
269.5
295.7
347.0
298.0
283.3
295.8
343.5

123.8
128.9
139.8
148.7
179.0
195.9
189.8
203.7
210.2
228.2

159.9
172.0
193.8
217.0
241.9
281.8
284.3
307.8
333.9
372.9

219.2
239.5
256.3
263.1
282.5
299.5
288.4
294.9
309.1
343.9

141.4
152.6
166.5
181.4
199.9
225.3
224.0
233.7
256.7
296.1

¥158.8
¥170.2
¥180.5
¥229.8
¥328.8
¥436.1
¥411.9
¥468.3
¥532.4
¥650.9

¥174.2
¥191.0
¥198.1
¥246.7
¥346.0
¥452.4
¥427.2
¥482.3
¥547.3
¥665.4

77.8
86.9
89.8
81.7
82.6
74.1
64.5
61.1
52.5
47.8

¥96.4
¥104.1
¥108.3
¥165.0
¥263.4
¥378.3
¥362.7
¥421.2
¥494.8
¥617.6

8.5
8.5
8.4
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.9
9.3

120.8
124.4
122.8
125.2
124.6
128.7
131.8
130.5

120.5
124.1
122.5
124.9
124.4
128.4
131.5
130.3

5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.2
5.4
5.4

32.4
35.1
34.0
36.6
35.2
38.0
40.6
38.6

28.2
29.3
29.1
29.0
29.6
29.9
29.7
29.8

19.2
19.0
19.0
19.1
19.4
19.5
19.2
19.4

31.2
31.3
31.0
30.7
30.9
31.6
32.6
32.7

28.2
28.5
28.4
28.5
28.7
29.3
30.0
30.7

24.4
24.8
24.7
25.5
25.0
25.4
25.8
25.9

¥51.4
¥57.3
¥54.0
¥56.0
¥54.3
¥58.2
¥62.0
¥58.4

¥52.6
¥58.6
¥55.0
¥57.1
¥55.6
¥59.4
¥63.2
¥59.5

3.8
3.7
3.7
2.9
3.7
3.9
4.3
4.8

¥48.7
¥54.9
¥51.3
¥54.2
¥51.9
¥55.6
¥59.0
¥54.7

9.4
9.5
9.4
9.3
9.7

134.3
135.5
130.4
136.9
135.3

134.0
135.2
130.1
136.6
134.9

5.6
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.6

38.4
40.0
39.9
41.8
39.4

31.1
30.0
29.6
31.9
31.4

19.9
19.8
18.5
18.8
19.8

34.4
35.5
32.1
33.8
34.0

31.0
31.0
31.8
32.2
32.4

26.4
26.4
26.5
26.8
27.0

¥61.6
¥63.7
¥57.6
¥61.1
¥59.4

¥62.7
¥64.7
¥58.9
¥62.3
¥60.8

4.6
4.6
5.3
5.4
5.4

¥58.1
¥60.1
¥53.6
¥56.9
¥55.3

61.8 64.4
65.0 70.1
74.0 77.4
72.4 80.3
75.3 80.9
80.4 89.4
75.4 88.3
78.9 84.4
80.7 89.9
89.3 103.1

1 Total includes ‘‘other’’ exports or imports, not shown separately.
NOTE.—BOP refers to balance of payments on international transactions basis. BOP data
shown here are consistent with figures shown on pp. 36 and 37.

Source: Department of Commerce (Bureau of the Census and Bureau of Economic Analysis).

35

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS
In the first quarter of 2005, the goods deficit rose to $186.3 billion, from $182.2 billion in the fourth quarter of
2004. The current account deficit rose to $195.1 billion in the first quarter from $188.4 billion in the fourth quarter.

[Millions of dollars; quarterly data seasonally adjusted. Credits (+), debits (¥)]
Goods 1

Period
Exports

Imports

Services

Balance
on
goods

Net
military
transactions 2

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

575,204
612,113
678,366
670,416
683,965
771,994
718,712
682,422
713,421
807,536

¥749,374
¥803,113
¥876,470
¥917,103
¥1,029,980
¥1,224,408
¥1,145,900
¥1,164,720
¥1,260,717
¥1,472,926

¥174,170
¥191,000
¥198,104
¥246,687
¥346,015
¥452,414
¥427,188
¥482,298
¥547,296
¥665,390

2002: I ........
II .......
III .....
IV .....

165,171
172,131
174,241
170,879

¥273,155
¥291,124
¥297,169
¥303,272

¥107,984
¥118,993
¥122,928
¥132,393

¥1,574
¥1,882
¥1,537
¥2,165

2003: I ........
II .......
III .....
IV .....

173,167
174,696
178,186
187,372

¥311,028
¥309,763
¥313,476
¥326,450

¥137,861
¥135,067
¥135,290
¥139,078

2004: I ........
II .......
III .....
IV .....

193,789
200,072
204,801
208,874

¥345,241
¥364,059
¥372,576
¥391,050

2005: I p ......

213,840

¥400,169

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1 Adjusted

Net
travel
and
transportation

Other
services,
net

Receipts

Payments

Balance
on
income

Unilateral
current
transfers,
net 3

Balance
on
current
account

¥96,384
¥104,065
¥108,310
¥165,009
¥263,394
¥378,272
¥362,729
¥421,181
¥494,814
¥617,583

210,244
226,129
256,804
261,819
293,925
350,918
288,303
270,792
309,830
379,527

¥189,353
¥203,811
¥244,195
¥257,554
¥280,037
¥329,864
¥263,120
¥260,776
¥263,526
¥349,088

20,891
22,318
12,609
4,265
13,888
21,054
25,183
10,016
46,304
30,439

¥38,177
¥43,147
¥45,205
¥53,320
¥50,554
¥58,781
¥51,910
¥64,046
¥71,169
¥80,930

¥113,670
¥124,894
¥140,906
¥214,064
¥300,060
¥415,999
¥389,456
¥475,211
¥519,679
¥668,074

¥926
¥1,343
¥1,110
¥866

17,307 ¥93,177
18,761 ¥103,457
18,005 ¥107,570
18,447 ¥116,977

64,957
67,991
70,775
67,073

¥63,451
¥68,947
¥68,558
¥59,817

1,506
¥956
2,217
7,256

¥18,420
¥14,873
¥14,726
¥16,027

¥110,091
¥119,286
¥120,079
¥125,748

¥2,976
¥3,247
¥2,860
¥3,444

¥3,098
¥3,441
¥3,411
¥1,786

19,102
18,905
18,862
19,881

¥124,833
¥122,850
¥122,699
¥124,427

70,706
73,872
77,594
87,653

¥64,790
¥62,565
¥66,242
¥69,926

5,916
11,307
11,352
17,727

¥17,743
¥17,251
¥17,634
¥18,543

¥136,660
¥128,794
¥128,981
¥125,243

¥151,452
¥163,987
¥167,775
¥182,176

¥3,200
¥3,643
¥3,829
¥3,813

¥3,212
¥3,014
¥3,394
¥3,684

19,012
18,602
17,533
20,452

¥138,852
¥152,042
¥157,465
¥169,221

86,401 ¥71,379
91,465 ¥85,543
95,504 ¥89,250
106,154 ¥102,918

15,022
5,922
6,254
3,236

¥22,271
¥20,515
¥15,771
¥22,374

¥146,101
¥166,635
¥166,982
¥188,359

¥186,329

¥3,096

¥3,243

20,911 ¥171,757

105,986 ¥102,209

3,777

¥27,072

¥195,052

4,600
21,772
5,385
25,015
4,968
22,152
5,220
10,210
2,593
7,085
317
2,486
¥2,296 ¥3,254
¥7,158 ¥4,245
¥12,527 ¥11,736
¥14,485 ¥13,304

from Census data for differences in timing and coverage; excludes military.
2 Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts (exports) minus direct defense expenditures (imports).

36

Income receipts and payments
Balance
on
goods
and
services

51,414
56,535
62,674
66,248
72,943
71,339
70,009
72,520
76,745
75,596

3 Includes

transfers of goods and services under U.S. military grant programs.
See p. 37 for continuation of table.

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS—Continued
In the financial account, U.S. claims on foreigners reported by U.S. banks decreased $62.3 billion in the first quarter
of 2005, in contrast to an increase of $97.3 billion in the fourth quarter of 2004. U.S. liabilities to private foreigners
reported by U.S. banks, excluding Treasury securities, decreased $78.3 billion in the first quarter, in contrast to
an increase of $91.5 billion in the fourth quarter.

[Millions of dollars; quarterly data seasonally adjusted. Credits (+), debits (¥)]
Financial account

Period

Capital
account
transactions,
net

U.S.-owned assets abroad, net
[increase/financial outflow (¥)]

Total

U.S.
official
reserve
assets 4

Other U.S.
Government
assets

Statistical discrepancy
Foreign-owned assets in the U.S., net
[increase/financial inflow (+)]

U.S.
private
assets

Total

Foreign
official
assets

Other
foreign
assets

Total (sum
of the items
with sign
reversed)

Of which:
Seasonal
adjustment
discrepancy

U.S. official
reserve
assets, net 4
(unadjusted,
end of
period)

..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................

¥927
¥631
¥1,014
¥702
¥4,888
¥929
¥1,223
¥1,363
¥3,214
¥1,648

¥352,264
¥413,409
¥485,475
¥353,829
¥504,062
¥560,523
¥382,616
¥294,027
¥328,397
¥855,509

¥9,742
6,668
¥1,010
¥6,783
8,747
¥290
¥4,911
¥3,681
1,523
2,805

¥984
¥989
68
¥422
2,750
¥941
¥486
345
537
1,215

¥341,538
¥419,088
¥484,533
¥346,624
¥515,559
¥559,292
¥377,219
¥290,691
¥330,457
¥859,529

438,562
551,096
706,809
423,569
740,210
1,046,896
782,859
794,343
889,043
1,440,105

109,880
126,724
19,036
¥19,903
43,543
42,758
28,059
115,945
278,275
394,710

328,682
424,372
687,773
443,472
696,667
1,004,138
754,800
678,398
610,768
1,045,395

r 28,299
¥12,162
¥79,414
145,026
68,800
¥69,445
¥9,564
¥23,742
¥37,753
85,126

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

85,832
75,089
69,954
81,761
71,516
67,647
68,654
79,006
85,938
86,824

2002: I .............................
II ............................
III ..........................
IV ...........................
2003: I .............................
II ............................
III ..........................
IV ...........................
2004: I .............................
II ............................
III ..........................
IV ...........................
2005: I p ............................

¥295
¥306
¥373
¥389
¥423
¥1,596
¥837
¥358
¥428
¥372
¥393
¥455
¥4,456

¥84,219
¥139,716
884
¥70,978
¥91,631
¥142,267
¥25,442
¥69,057
¥295,140
¥133,886
¥137,525
¥288,957
¥60,686

390
¥1,843
¥1,416
¥812
83
¥170
¥611
2,221
557
1,122
429
697
5,331

133
42
¥27
197
53
310
483
¥309
727
¥2
¥11
501
4,543

¥84,742
¥137,915
2,327
¥70,363
¥91,767
¥142,407
¥25,314
¥70,969
¥296,424
¥135,006
¥137,943
¥290,155
¥70,560

176,523
230,205
161,608
226,004
240,593
240,143
140,909
267,397
423,023
304,937
254,228
457,915
226,078

12,801
53,312
18,328
31,504
50,622
66,889
64,595
96,169
147,401
77,039
75,792
94,478
24,730

163,722
176,893
143,280
194,500
189,971
173,254
76,314
171,228
275,622
227,898
178,436
363,437
201,348

18,082
29,103
¥42,040
¥28,889
¥11,879
32,514
14,351
¥72,739
18,646
¥4,044
50,672
19,856
34,116

9,566
¥1,523
¥14,124
6,079
9,623
¥4,407
¥13,009
7,793
11,010
¥3,747
¥12,977
5,718
13,930

67,574
74,696
75,860
79,006
80,049
81,660
84,431
85,938
85,192
82,652
82,578
86,824
78,942

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

4 Consists of gold, special drawing rights (SDRs), foreign currencies, and the U.S. reserve
position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Sources: Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic Analysis) and Department of the
Treasury.

37

Contents
Page

TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING
Gross Domestic Product ..........................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Gross Domestic Product ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Implicit Price Deflators for Gross Domestic Product ..............................................................................................................................................
Gross Domestic Product and Related Price Measures: Indexes and Percent Changes ..............................................................................................
Nonfinancial Corporate Business—Gross Value Added and Price, Costs, and Profits .............................................................................................
National Income ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Personal Consumption Expenditures ...............................................................................................................................................................
Sources of Personal Income ......................................................................................................................................................................................
Disposition of Personal Income ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Farm Income ............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Corporate Profits ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Gross Private Domestic Investment ................................................................................................................................................................
Real Private Fixed Investment by Type ..................................................................................................................................................................
Business Investment ................................................................................................................................................................................................

1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES
Status of the Labor Force .........................................................................................................................................................................................
Selected Unemployment Rates ................................................................................................................................................................................
Selected Measures of Unemployment and Unemployment Insurance Programs ......................................................................................................
Nonagricultural Employment ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Average Weekly Hours, Hourly Earnings, and Weekly Earnings—Private Nonagricultural Industries .................................................................
Employment Cost Index—Private Industry .............................................................................................................................................................
Productivity and Related Data, Business Sector ......................................................................................................................................................

11
12
13
14
15
15
16

PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY
Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization .......................................................................................................................................................
Industrial Production—Major Market Groups and Selected Manufactures ..............................................................................................................
New Construction ....................................................................................................................................................................................................
New Private Housing and Vacancy Rates ...............................................................................................................................................................
Business Sales and Inventories—Manufacturing and Trade .....................................................................................................................................
Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders .................................................................................................................................................

17
18
19
19
20
21

PRICES
Producer Prices ........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Consumer Prices—All Urban Consumers ................................................................................................................................................................
Changes in Producer Prices for Finished Goods ......................................................................................................................................................
Changes in Consumer Prices—All Urban Consumers .............................................................................................................................................
Prices Received and Paid by Farmers ......................................................................................................................................................................

22
23
24
24
25

MONEY, CREDIT, AND SECURITY MARKETS
Money Stock and Debt Measures .............................................................................................................................................................................
Components of Money Stock ...................................................................................................................................................................................
Aggregate Reserves and Monetary Base ...................................................................................................................................................................
Bank Credit at All Commercial Banks ....................................................................................................................................................................
Sources and Uses of Funds, Nonfarm Nonfinancial Corporate Business ..................................................................................................................
Consumer Credit ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Interest Rates and Bond Yields ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Common Stock Prices and Yields ............................................................................................................................................................................

26
27
27
28
29
29
30
31

FEDERAL FINANCE
Federal Receipts, Outlays, and Debt .......................................................................................................................................................................
Federal Receipts by Source and Outlays by Function ..............................................................................................................................................
Federal Sector, National Income Accounts Basis .....................................................................................................................................................

32
33
34

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
Industrial Production and Consumer Prices—Major Industrial Countries ...............................................................................................................
U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services ......................................................................................................................................................
U.S. International Transactions ................................................................................................................................................................................

35
35
36

General Notes
Detail in these tables may not add to totals because of rounding.
Unless otherwise noted, all dollar figures are in current dollars.
Symbols used:
p Preliminary.
r Revised.
c Corrected.
… Not available (also, not applicable).
NSA not seasonally adjusted.

38

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