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110th Congress, 2nd Session

Economic Indicators
AUGUST 2008
(Includes data available as of September 8, 2008)

Prepared for the Joint Economic Committee by the
Council of Economic Advisers

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

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JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE
(Created pursuant to Sec. 5(a) of Public Law 304, 79th Cong.)
CHARLES E. SCHUMER, New York, Chairman
CAROLYN B. MALONEY, New York, Vice Chair

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
MAURICE D. HINCHEY, New York
BARON P. HILL, Indiana
LORETTA SANCHEZ, California
ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS, Maryland
LLOYD DOGGETT, Texas
JIM SAXTON, New Jersey
KEVIN BRADY, Texas
PHIL ENGLISH, Pennsylvania
RON PAUL, Texas

SENATE
EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts
JEFF BINGAMAN, New Mexico
AMY KLOBUCHAR, Minnesota
ROBERT P. CASEY, Jr., Pennsylvania
JIM WEBB, Virginia
SAM BROWNBACK, Kansas
JOHN E. SUNUNU, New Hampshire
JIM DeMINT, South Carolina
ROBERT F. BENNETT, Utah

COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS
EDWARD P. LAZEAR, Chairman
DONALD B. MARRON, Member
[PUBLIC LAW 120—81ST CONGRESS; CHAPTER 237—1ST SESSION]
JOINT RESOLUTION [S.J. Res. 55]
To print the monthly publication entitled ‘‘Economic Indicators’’
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the
Joint Economic Committee be authorized to issue a monthly publication entitled ‘‘Economic Indicators,’’ and that
a sufficient quantity be printed to furnish one copy to each Member of Congress; the Secretary and the Sergeant
at Arms of the Senate; the Clerk, Sergeant at Arms, and Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives; two copies
to the libraries of the Senate and House, and the Congressional Library; seven hundred copies to the Joint Economic
Committee; and the required numbers of copies to the Superintendent of Documents for distribution to depository
libraries; and that the Superintendent of Documents be authorized to have copies printed for sale to the public.
Approved June 23, 1949.
Charts prepared under the direction of the Printing and Procurement Branch,
Office of the Secretary, Department of Commerce.

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Economic Indicators, published monthly, is available at $5.00 a single copy
($7.00 foreign), or by subscription at $58.00 per year ($81.20 for foreign mailing)
from:
SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20402
For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402–9328
Also available on the internet at the following address: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/indicators

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TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
In the second quarter of 2008, according to revised estimates, current-dollar gross domestic product (GDP) rose
4.6 percent (annual rate), real GDP (GDP in chained 2000 dollars) rose 3.3 percent, and the implicit price deflator
rose 1.3 percent.

[Billions of current dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

1998 ......................
1999 ......................
2000 ......................
2001 ......................
2002 ......................
2003 ......................
2004 ......................
2005 ......................
2006 ......................
2007 ......................
2005: I ................
II ...............
III .............
IV ..............
2006: I ................
II ...............
III .............
IV ..............
2007: I ................
II ...............
III .............
IV ..............
2008: I ................
II r ..............
1 GDP

Net
exports

Exports

8,747.0 5,879.5
9,268.4 6,282.5
9,817.0 6,739.4
10,128.0 7,055.0
10,469.6 7,350.7
10,960.8 7,703.6
11,685.9 8,195.9
12,421.9 8,694.1
13,178.4 9,207.2
13,807.5 9,710.2
12,155.4 8,480.9
12,297.5 8,610.8
12,538.2 8,791.1
12,696.4 8,893.7
12,959.6 9,026.3
13,134.1 9,161.9
13,249.6 9,283.7
13,370.1 9,357.0
13,510.9 9,524.9
13,737.5 9,657.5
13,950.6 9,765.6
14,031.2 9,892.7
14,150.8 10,002.3
14,312.5 10,150.0

¥159.9
¥260.5
¥379.5
¥367.0
¥424.4
¥499.4
¥615.4
¥713.6
¥757.3
¥707.8
¥670.7
¥680.9
¥725.1
¥777.7
¥761.7
¥777.2
¥792.7
¥697.7
¥728.8
¥723.1
¥682.6
¥696.7
¥705.7
¥710.0

955.9
991.2
1,096.3
1,032.8
1,005.9
1,040.8
1,182.4
1,311.5
1,480.8
1,662.4
1,266.8
1,305.1
1,314.5
1,359.6
1,423.2
1,462.8
1,492.5
1,544.5
1,560.5
1,614.4
1,714.9
1,759.7
1,820.8
1,927.6

1,509.1
1,625.7
1,735.5
1,614.3
1,582.1
1,664.1
1,888.6
2,086.1
2,220.4
2,130.4
2,046.0
2,039.7
2,084.2
2,174.6
2,236.7
2,253.7
2,231.7
2,159.5
2,117.8
2,147.2
2,164.0
2,092.3
2,056.1
1,999.9

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Imports

Total
Total

1,115.9
1,251.7
1,475.8
1,399.8
1,430.3
1,540.2
1,797.8
2,025.1
2,238.1
2,370.2
1,937.5
1,986.0
2,039.6
2,137.4
2,184.9
2,240.0
2,285.2
2,242.2
2,289.4
2,337.5
2,397.5
2,456.5
2,526.5
2,637.6

less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services.

1,518.3
1,620.8
1,721.6
1,825.6
1,961.1
2,092.5
2,216.8
2,355.3
2,508.1
2,674.8
2,299.2
2,328.0
2,388.0
2,405.9
2,458.4
2,495.7
2,526.9
2,551.4
2,597.0
2,655.9
2,703.5
2,742.9
2,798.1
2,872.5

530.4
555.8
578.8
612.9
679.7
756.4
825.6
875.5
932.2
979.3
861.0
867.1
894.2
879.5
922.8
928.5
935.5
941.7
950.3
974.6
994.0
998.3
1,026.5
1,056.5

National
defense
345.7
360.6
370.3
392.6
437.1
497.2
550.7
588.1
624.1
662.2
576.1
584.4
606.3
585.4
613.6
623.1
624.0
635.9
636.9
656.8
675.6
679.3
699.9
723.7

Nondefense
184.7
195.2
208.5
220.3
242.5
259.2
274.9
287.4
308.0
317.1
284.9
282.8
288.0
294.1
309.3
305.4
311.5
305.9
313.4
317.8
318.3
319.0
326.6
332.8

State
and
local
987.9
1,065.0
1,142.8
1,212.8
1,281.5
1,336.0
1,391.2
1,479.8
1,575.9
1,695.5
1,438.2
1,460.9
1,493.8
1,526.4
1,535.5
1,567.2
1,591.4
1,609.7
1,646.8
1,681.3
1,709.5
1,744.6
1,771.6
1,816.0

Final
sales of
domestic
product

Gross
domestic
purchases 1

Addendum:
Gross
national
product

8,676.2
9,201.5
9,760.5
10,159.7
10,457.7
10,946.5
11,627.3
12,378.6
13,129.0
13,811.2
12,072.7
12,278.1
12,527.2
12,636.1
12,906.5
13,068.3
13,187.1
13,354.3
13,526.5
13,738.4
13,927.6
14,052.3
14,176.4
14,386.9

8,906.9
9,528.9
10,196.4
10,495.0
10,894.0
11,460.2
12,301.3
13,135.5
13,935.7
14,515.3
12,826.1
12,978.4
13,263.3
13,474.1
13,721.4
13,911.3
14,042.3
14,067.9
14,239.7
14,460.6
14,633.1
14,728.0
14,856.6
15,022.5

8,768.3
9,302.2
9,855.9
10,171.6
10,500.2
11,017.6
11,762.1
12,514.9
13,256.6
13,910.0
12,258.0
12,389.7
12,641.2
12,770.6
13,039.2
13,219.4
13,316.1
13,452.0
13,583.3
13,797.2
14,062.8
14,196.6
14,289.0
14,427.7

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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Period

Exports and imports
of goods and services

Personal Gross
Gross
conprivate
domestic sumption domestic
product expendi- investtures
ment

REAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
[Billions of chained (2000) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]

Gross private
domestic investment
Gross
domestic
product

Period

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2005:

.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2006: I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2007: I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2008: I ....
II r ..

9,066.9
9,470.3
9,817.0
9,890.7
10,048.8
10,301.0
10,675.8
10,989.5
11,294.8
11,523.9
10,875.8
10,946.1
11,050.0
11,086.1
11,217.3
11,291.7
11,314.1
11,356.4
11,357.8
11,491.4
11,625.7
11,620.7
11,646.0
11,740.3

Personal
conNonresi- Resi- Change
sumption dential dential in priexpendifixed
fixed
vate
tures
invest- invest- invenment
ment tories
6,125.8
6,438.6
6,739.4
6,910.4
7,099.3
7,295.3
7,561.4
7,791.7
8,029.0
8,252.8
7,697.5
7,766.4
7,838.1
7,864.9
7,947.4
8,002.1
8,046.3
8,119.9
8,197.2
8,237.3
8,278.5
8,298.2
8,316.1
8,352.2

1,037.8
1,133.3
1,232.1
1,180.5
1,071.5
1,081.8
1,144.3
1,226.2
1,318.2
1,382.9
1,200.4
1,219.0
1,237.1
1,248.2
1,295.2
1,315.4
1,332.7
1,329.3
1,340.4
1,373.8
1,402.9
1,414.7
1,423.1
1,431.0

418.3
443.6
446.9
448.5
469.9
509.4
560.2
595.4
552.9
453.8
582.1
595.8
601.7
602.0
596.5
570.1
536.7
508.4
486.4
471.7
445.3
411.6
383.0
366.9

72.6
68.9
56.5
¥31.7
12.5
14.3
54.3
38.9
42.3
¥2.5
74.6
16.7
11.0
53.5
45.9
56.9
53.3
13.1
¥15.0
¥2.8
16.0
¥8.1
¥10.2
¥49.4

Exports and imports of
goods and services

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment
Federal

Net
exports

Exports

Imports

Total

¥203.7
¥296.2
¥379.5
¥399.1
¥471.3
¥518.9
¥593.8
¥616.6
¥615.7
¥546.5
¥623.7
¥601.3
¥603.6
¥637.8
¥636.0
¥619.4
¥623.0
¥584.3
¥618.6
¥571.2
¥511.8
¥484.5
¥462.0
¥376.6

966.5
1,008.2
1,096.3
1,036.7
1,013.3
1,026.1
1,126.1
1,205.3
1,314.8
1,425.9
1,177.9
1,203.1
1,204.3
1,235.7
1,284.3
1,301.4
1,312.6
1,361.1
1,363.2
1,392.2
1,466.2
1,482.1
1,500.6
1,547.9

1,170.3
1,304.4
1,475.8
1,435.8
1,484.6
1,545.0
1,719.9
1,821.9
1,930.5
1,972.4
1,801.7
1,804.4
1,807.9
1,873.6
1,920.2
1,920.9
1,935.7
1,945.3
1,981.8
1,963.4
1,978.0
1,966.5
1,962.6
1,924.5

1,624.4
1,686.9
1,721.6
1,780.3
1,858.8
1,904.8
1,931.8
1,939.0
1,971.2
2,012.1
1,929.6
1,934.0
1,950.4
1,941.9
1,960.5
1,966.6
1,974.9
1,982.7
1,987.1
2,006.4
2,025.3
2,029.4
2,039.1
2,058.5

1 GDP less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services.
NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (2000) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.

Total

National
defense

Nondefense

561.2
573.7
578.8
601.4
643.4
687.1
715.9
724.5
741.0
752.9
718.0
720.1
736.8
723.2
740.6
737.7
741.1
744.4
737.5
749.6
762.7
761.7
772.6
785.5

365.3
372.2
370.3
384.9
413.2
449.0
475.0
482.2
490.0
502.1
476.3
481.0
495.1
476.5
486.7
489.0
487.9
496.3
488.8
498.8
511.0
509.9
518.9
528.3

195.9
201.5
208.5
216.5
230.2
238.0
240.7
242.0
250.8
250.4
241.5
238.8
241.4
246.5
253.8
248.5
253.1
247.8
248.6
250.5
251.2
251.5
253.2
256.6

State
and
local

1,063.0
1,113.2
1,142.8
1,179.0
1,215.4
1,217.8
1,215.8
1,214.3
1,230.2
1,259.0
1,211.4
1,213.8
1,213.6
1,218.5
1,219.9
1,228.8
1,233.7
1,238.2
1,249.3
1,256.6
1,262.6
1,267.5
1,266.7
1,273.6

Final
sales of
domestic
product

Gross
domestic
purchases 1

Addendum:
Gross
national
product

8,997.6
9,404.0
9,760.5
9,920.9
10,036.5
10,285.1
10,619.8
10.947.3
11,249.3
11,523.4
10,799.3
10,925.9
11,035.5
11,028.4
11,167.6
11,232.1
11,257.8
11,339.7
11,370.5
11,490.5
11,605.0
11,628.0
11,653.7
11,790.3

9,272.5
9,767.7
10,196.4
10,290.1
10,517.7
10,815.5
11,261.4
11,597.8
11,904.1
12,066.8
11,490.6
11,539.4
11,645.4
11,716.2
11,846.2
11,904.4
11,930.6
11,935.6
11,970.9
12,058.2
12,135.1
12,103.2
12,105.8
12,110.5

9,088.7
9,504.7
9,855.9
9,933.6
10,079.0
10,355.3
10,746.0
11,072.1
11,362.3
11,609.8
10,968.4
11,028.4
11,140.7
11,151.2
11,286.5
11,365.1
11,370.8
11,426.5
11,419.1
11,541.7
11,719.9
11,758.3
11,760.9
11,835.9

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

IMPLICIT PRICE DEFLATORS FOR GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
[Index numbers, 2000=100; quarterly data are seasonally adjusted]

Personal consumption
expenditures
Gross
domestic
product

Period

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2005:

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2006: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2007: I ............
II ...........
III .........
IV ..........
2008: I ............
II r ..........

96.472
97.868
100.000
102.399
104.187
106.404
109.462
113.034
116.676
119.816
111.765
112.346
113,468
114.525
115.533
116.317
117.107
117.732
118.956
119.547
119.997
120.743
121.508
121.909

Total

95.979
97.575
100.000
102.094
103.542
105.597
108.391
111.581
114.675
117.659
110.177
110.872
112.158
113.081
113.575
114.493
115.377
115.235
116.197
117.241
117.964
119.215
120.277
121.525

Durable
goods

Nondurable goods

104.152
101.625
100.000
98.113
95.767
92.366
90.695
89.984
88.771
87.154
90.549
90.345
89.631
89.420
89.211
89.031
88.729
88.129
87.720
87.367
86.941
86.600
86.584
86.240

Gross private
domestic investment

Services

93.821
96.174
100.000
101.531
102.090
104.145
107.626
111.606
114.985
118.408
109.536
110.081
113.038
113.697
113.786
115.151
116.410
114.578
116.021
117.825
118.675
121.085
123.053
125.025

95.318
97.393
100.000
103.256
106.019
109.379
112.929
116.700
120.752
124.712
115.131
116.130
117.079
118.423
119.304
120.276
121.272
122.122
123.194
124.212
125.173
126.248
127.128
128.416

Nonresidential
fixed
101.421
100.057
100.000
99.683
99.513
99.591
100.896
103.829
107.277
108.740
102.769
103.448
103.959
105.091
106.199
107.058
107.527
108.294
108.654
108.729
108.556
109.010
109.173
109.794

Exports and imports of Government consumption expenditures
goods and services
and gross investment
Federal

Residential fixed
92.239
95.780
100.000
104.633
107.240
112.372
120.587
129.268
136.898
128.885
125.349
127.444
130.819
133.311
135.466
136.737
137.163
138.477
139.197
138.730
138.803
138.780
137.878
137.150

Exports

Imports
Total

98.905
98.313
100.000
99.625
99.272
101.429
104.997
108.814
112.618
116.585
107.542
108.474
109.154
110.026
110.819
112.402
113.704
113.476
114.480
115.963
116.962
118.735
121.337
124.527

95.354
95.960
100.000
97.497
96.342
99.686
104.526
111.153
115.932
120.168
107.538
110.061
112.814
114.082
113.785
116.615
118.056
115.262
115.520
119.058
121.208
124.915
128.730
137.054

94.512
96.883
100.000
101.908
105.632
110.095
115.322
120.835
125.806
130.077
119.915
120.428
121.361
121.614
124.614
125.866
126.232
126.510
128.848
130.027
130.331
131.057
132.867
134.512

National
defense

Nondefense

State
and
local

94.643
96.886
100.000
102.002
105.792
110.751
115.932
121.944
127.381
131.874
120.959
121.499
122.451
122.851
126.067
127.424
127.893
128.124
130.312
131.683
132.213
133.217
134.885
136.991

94.269
96.880
100.000
101.738
105.345
108.898
114.218
118.743
122.803
126.636
117.959
118.418
119.310
119.273
121.847
122.895
123.060
123.427
126.067
126.868
126.718
126.883
128.984
129.686

92.935
95.667
100.000
102.868
105.434
109.712
114.431
121.863
128.110
134.671
118.720
120.350
123.094
125.266
125.873
127.541
128.991
129.999
131.818
133.794
135.388
137.638
139.854
142.592

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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ECOIND

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT AND RELATED PRICE MEASURES:
INDEXES AND PERCENT CHANGES
[Quarterly data are seasonally adjusted]
Percent change from preceding period 1

Index numbers, 2000=100
Personal consumption
expenditures (PCE)

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Personal consumption
expenditures (PCE)

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Period
Real GDP
(chain-type
quantity
index)

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2004:

2005:

2006:

2007:

2008:

....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
I ...............................
II .............................
III ............................
IV ............................
I ...............................
II .............................
III ............................
IV ............................
I ...............................
II .............................
III ............................
IV ............................
I ...............................
II .............................
III ............................
IV ............................
I ...............................
II r ............................

1 Quarterly

GDP
chain-type
price
index

92.359
96.469
100.000
100.751
102.362
104.931
108.748
111.944
115.054
117.388
107.402
108.325
109.287
109.977
110.786
111.502
112.560
112.928
114.264
115.022
115.250
115.681
115.696
117.056
118.425
118.374
118.631
119.592

GDP
implicit
price
deflator

96.475
97.868
100.000
102.402
104.193
106.409
109.462
113.039
116.676
119.819
108.180
109.185
109.807
110.677
111.778
112.357
113.487
114.536
115.536
116.317
117.109
117.742
118.935
119.531
119.984
120.826
121.613
121.973

PCE
(chain-type
price index)

PCE
less food
and energy
price index

95.978
97.575
100.000
102.094
103.542
105.597
108.392
111.581
114.675
117.659
107.163
108.179
108.703
109.521
110.187
110.881
112.168
113.089
113.581
114.499
115.381
115.239
116.202
117.246
117.969
119.221
120.283
121.530

96.895
98.343
100.000
101.904
103.705
105.175
107.338
109.644
112.129
114.548
106.442
107.142
107.601
108.169
108.838
109.405
109.838
110.495
111.076
111.887
112.531
113.022
113.682
114.201
114.797
115.512
116.158
116.756

96.472
97.868
100.000
102.399
104.187
106.404
109.462
113.034
116.676
119.816
108.175
109.178
109.793
110.671
111.765
112.346
113.468
114.525
115.533
116.317
117.107
117.732
118.956
119.547
119.997
120.743
121.508
121.909

percent changes are at annual rates.

Real GDP
(chain-type
quantity
index)

GDP
(current
dollars)

5.3
6.0
5.9
3.2
3.4
4.7
6.6
6.3
6.1
4.8
6.8
7.4
6.0
5.9
7.1
4.8
8.1
5.1
8.6
5.5
3.6
3.7
4.3
6.9
6.3
2.3
3.5
4.6

GDP
chain-type
price
index

4.2
4.5
3.7
.8
1.6
2.5
3.6
2.9
2.8
2.0
3.0
3.5
3.6
2.5
3.0
2.6
3.8
1.3
4.8
2.7
.8
1.5
.1
4.8
4.8
¥.2
.9
3.3

1.1
1.4
2.2
2.4
1.7
2.1
2.9
3.3
3.2
2.7
3.7
3.8
2.3
3.2
4.0
2.1
4.1
3.7
3.5
2.7
2.8
2.2
4.1
2.0
1.5
2.8
2.6
1.2

GDP
implicit
price
deflator

1.1
1.4
2.2
2.4
1.7
2.1
2.9
3.3
3.2
2.7
3.7
3.8
2.3
3.2
4.0
2.1
4.1
3.8
3.6
2.7
2.7
2.2
4.2
2.0
1.5
2.5
2.6
1.3

PCE
(chain-type
price index)

PCE
less food
and energy
price index

0.9
1.7
2.5
2.1
1.4
2.0
2.6
2.9
2.8
2.6
3.5
3.8
2.0
3.0
2.5
2.5
4.7
3.3
1.8
3.3
3.1
¥.5
3.4
3.6
2.5
4.3
3.6
4.2

1.3
1.5
1.7
1.9
1.8
1.4
2.1
2.1
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.7
1.7
2.1
2.5
2.1
1.6
2.4
2.1
3.0
2.3
1.8
2.4
1.8
2.1
2.5
2.3
2.1

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

NONFINANCIAL CORPORATE BUSINESS—GROSS VALUE ADDED AND PRICE,
COSTS, AND PROFITS
[Quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Price per unit of real gross value added of nonfinancial corporate business (dollars) 1 2

Gross value added
of nonfinancial
corporate business
(billions of dollars) 1

Unit nonlabor cost

Period
Current
dollars

Chained
(2000)
dollars

4,655.0
4,950.8
5,272.2
5,293.5
5,371.7
5,558.4
5,956.4
6,396.1
6,863.4
7,075.1
6,210.3
6,358.1
6,418.9
6,597.3
6,771.2
6,817.5
6,931.7
6,933.3
6,999.6
7,066.7
7,098.6
7,135.5
7,119.3
7,121.2

4,725.4
5,011.0
5,272.2
5,224.5
5,269.7
5,387.5
5,662.1
5,907.8
6,167.8
6,264.5
5,789.5
5,911.1
5,903.2
6,027.3
6,129.6
6,141.6
6,212.5
6,187.3
6,188.0
6,253.1
6,293.3
6,323.5
6,302.0
6,361.4

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2005:

........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV ................................................
2006: I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV ................................................
2007: I ...................................................
II .................................................
III ................................................
IV ................................................
2008: I r ..................................................
II p ................................................
wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

Total

Compensation of employees
(unit labor
cost)

0.985
.988
1.000
1.013
1.019
1.032
1.052
1.083
1.113
1.129
1.073
1.076
1.087
1.095
1.105
1.110
1.116
1.121
1.131
1.130
1.128
1.128
1.130
1.119

1 Estimates for nonfinancial corporate business for 2000 and earlier periods are based on the
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC); later estimates are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
2 The implicit price deflator for gross value added of nonfinancial corporate business divided
by 100.

Total

0.645
.652
.672
.688
.685
.687
.683
.690
.700
.722
.690
.683
.697
.690
.696
.697
.695
.711
.721
.719
.721
.728
.734
.730

0.226
.229
.237
.257
.253
.253
.249
.257
.260
.269
.253
.254
.264
.258
.257
.261
.260
.264
.267
.267
.268
.271
.271
.273

Consumption of
fixed
capital

Taxes
on production
and imports 3

Net interest and
miscellaneous
payments

0.104
.105
.108
.124
.122
.122
.121
.126
.126
.131
.121
.121
.137
.124
.123
.125
.126
.128
.130
.130
.132
.133
.135
.137

0.092
.092
.093
.094
.099
.103
.103
.105
.107
.109
.107
.107
.100
.107
.107
.108
.107
.108
.109
.108
.108
.109
.107
.107

0.030
.032
.036
.039
.032
.028
.025
.026
.027
.029
.025
.026
.027
.027
.027
.028
.027
.028
.028
.029
.028
.029
.029
.029

Corporate profits with inventory
valuation and capital consumption
adjustments 4
Total

0.114
.107
.090
.068
.081
.091
.120
.136
.152
.139
.130
.139
.127
.147
.152
.152
.160
.145
.143
.143
.139
.130
.125
.116

Taxes on
corporate
income

0.034
.034
.032
.021
.018
.025
.034
.046
.050
.051
.044
.045
.045
.051
.049
.051
.052
.048
.052
.053
.051
.050
.044
.045

Profits
after
tax 5

0.080
.073
.058
.047
.063
.066
.087
.089
.102
.087
.085
.093
.081
.097
.102
.101
.108
.096
.091
.090
.088
.080
.081
.072

3 Less

subsidies plus business current transfer payments.
profits from current production.
inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
4 Unit

5 With

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ECOIND

NATIONAL INCOME
[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Proprietors’
income 1

National
income

Period

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2005:

...........
...........
...........
...........
...........
...........
...........
...........
...........
...........
I ......
II ....
III ...
IV ...
2006: I ......
II ....
III ...
IV ...
2007: I ......
II ....
III ...
IV ...
2008: I r .....
II r ...
1 With

7,752.8
8,236.7
8,795.2
8,979.8
9,229.3
9,632.3
10,306.8
10,974.0
11,795.7
12,270.9
10,826.3
10,958.9
10,779.5
11,331.3
11,611.1
11,738.5
11,848.6
11,984.7
12,087.4
12,233.6
12,338.6
12,424.1
12,447.6
12,511.5

Compensation
of
employees

5,019.4
5,357.1
5,782.7
5,942.1
6,091.2
6,325.4
6,656.4
7,030.8
7,433.8
7,812.3
6,884.4
6,957.4
7,090.2
7,191.0
7,318.0
7,364.2
7,441.9
7,611.1
7,709.0
7,760.1
7,839.3
7,941.0
8,009.7
8,071.0

Farm

29.4
28.6
22.7
19.7
10.6
29.2
37.3
34.1
16.2
44.0
33.2
38.3
37.1
27.7
17.3
9.8
13.8
23.7
39.3
42.3
47.4
47.1
41.6
38.7

Nonfarm

598.4
649.7
705.7
752.2
757.8
782.1
874.3
925.7
998.6
1,012.2
903.0
909.8
923.3
966.7
987.5
1,008.4
999.6
998.7
997.9
1,007.9
1,016.4
1,026.7
1,030.1
1,038.6

Corporate profits with inventory valuation and
capital consumption adjustments

Rental
income
of
persons
with
capital
consumption
adjustment

Capital
consumption
adjustment

Net
interest
and
miscellaneous
payments

Taxes
on
production
and
imports

63.1
74.5
58.6
48.1
120.1
98.7
69.7
¥134.8
¥165.7
¥192.7
¥117.2
¥121.7
¥154.5
¥146.0
¥144.5
¥160.0
¥173.4
¥184.8
¥176.9
¥187.0
¥197.8
¥209.2
¥48.0
¥63.0

487.1
495.4
559.0
566.3
520.9
524.7
491.2
569.1
631.2
664.4
537.0
554.8
583.9
600.8
615.5
629.7
630.1
649.3
645.8
660.8
663.0
688.1
662.3
677.2

639.8
674.0
708.9
728.6
762.8
807.2
863.8
928.2
976.2
1,015.5
904.5
924.0
937.4
946.8
962.7
973.6
980.1
988.3
1,002.7
1,012.3
1,019.2
1,027.7
1,025.8
1,032.0

Profits with inventory valuation
adjustment and without capital
consumption adjustment
Total
Total

137.5
147.3
150.3
167.4
152.9
133.0
118.4
40.9
44.3
40.0
90.1
72.2
¥56.9
58.0
52.8
45.6
40.4
38.2
35.1
44.6
41.8
38.6
39.1
53.6

801.6
851.3
817.9
767.3
886.3
993.1
1,231.2
1,447.9
1,668.5
1,642.4
1,438.2
1,472.4
1,342.6
1,538.6
1,634.2
1,681.6
1,713.8
1,644.5
1,617.8
1,672.5
1,668.3
1,611.1
1,593.5
1,555.7

Profits
before
tax

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

738.5
776.8
759.3
719.2
766.2
894.5
1,161.6
1,582.8
1,834.2
1,835.1
1,555.3
1,594.0
1,497.1
1,684.6
1,778.7
1,841.6
1,887.2
1,829.3
1,794.7
1,859.5
1,866.1
1,820.2
1,641.5
1,618.7

718.3
775.9
773.4
707.9
768.4
908.1
1,204.7
1,620.6
1,873.7
1,886.3
1,600.7
1,612.0
1,536.3
1,733.3
1,813.8
1,900.1
1,929.9
1,851.1
1,838.9
1,914.8
1,897.1
1,894.3
1,750.9
1,771.3

20.2
1.0
¥14.1
11.3
¥2.2
¥13.6
¥43.1
¥37.8
¥39.5
¥51.2
¥45.4
¥18.0
¥39.1
¥48.7
¥35.0
¥58.5
¥42.7
¥21.8
¥44.2
¥55.3
¥31.0
¥74.1
¥109.4
¥152.6

inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.

Less:
Subsidies

Business
current
transfer
payments

Current
surplus
of government
enterprises

35.4
44.2
44.3
55.3
38.4
47.9
44.6
59.3
49.7
52.3
54.5
58.6
60.7
63.3
54.2
49.8
48.2
46.8
47.5
55.9
53.5
52.3
50.6
50.8

64.7
67.4
87.1
92.8
84.3
83.8
83.0
70.0
85.4
100.2
97.4
97.9
8.5
76.1
85.1
83.5
86.0
86.8
98.3
97.4
102.2
103.1
103.2
103.0

10.3
10.1
5.3
¥1.4
.9
1.7
¥4.2
¥13.4
¥8.6
¥7.9
¥7.1
¥9.3
¥25.8
¥11.4
¥7.8
¥8.3
¥9.1
¥9.2
¥10.8
¥8.5
¥5.5
¥6.7
¥7.1
¥7.7

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis

REAL PERSONAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES
[Billions of chained (2000) dollars, except as noted; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Durable goods
Total
personal
consumption
expenditures

Period

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2005:

...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............
I ..........
II .........
III .......
IV ........
2006: I ..........
II .........
III .......
IV ........
2007: I ..........
II .........
III .......
IV ........
2008: I ..........
II r ........

6,125.8
6,438.6
6,739.4
6,910.4
7,099.3
7,295.3
7,561.4
7,791.7
8,029.0
8,252.8
7,697.5
7,766.4
7,838.1
7,864.9
7,947.4
8,002.1
8,046.3
8,119.9
8,197.2
8,237.3
8,278.5
8,298.2
8,316.1
8,352.2

Total
durable
goods

720.3
804.6
863.3
900.7
964.8
1,020.6
1,084.8
1,134.4
1,185.1
1,242.4
1,111.6
1,143.7
1,158.9
1,123.3
1,173.1
1,178.3
1,188.4
1,200.7
1,227.3
1,242.3
1,249.4
1,250.6
1,237.0
1,229.1

Motor
vehicles
and
parts

339.0
372.4
386.5
405.8
429.0
442.1
450.8
449.9
437.9
446.7
447.9
464.3
469.0
418.1
435.4
437.3
439.4
439.6
449.5
451.3
443.5
442.6
430.2
407.8

Furniture
and
household
equipment

244.7
280.7
312.9
331.8
364.3
397.8
445.1
490.9
550.2
594.0
470.7
482.0
497.0
514.0
537.9
544.6
553.8
564.5
580.3
588.3
600.8
606.6
609.3
629.9

Nondurable goods

Other

137.6
151.7
163.9
163.2
172.4
183.2
195.1
205.1
218.0
228.3
202.0
206.1
203.5
209.0
218.7
216.6
216.7
219.8
222.0
227.7
232.9
230.8
229.4
230.7

Total
nondurable
goods

1,794.4
1,876.6
1,947.2
1,986.7
2,037.1
2,103.0
2,177.6
2,252.7
2,335.3
2,392.6
2,220.7
2,243.7
2,260.1
2,286.3
2,310.8
2,328.7
2,342.0
2,359.8
2,380.1
2,391.5
2,398.6
2,400.2
2,397.9
2,422.6

865.6
893.6
925.2
940.2
954.6
977.7
1,009.4
1,047.7
1,090.1
1,110.5
1,033.0
1,040.9
1,053.3
1,063.7
1,077.8
1,090.3
1,093.3
1,099.1
1,102.5
1,110.1
1,110.9
1,118.7
1,122.4
1,133.0

1 Includes other items, not shown separately.
NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (2000) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

Clothing
and
shoes

Food

263.1
282.7
297.7
303.7
318.3
334.2
350.7
372.3
394.4
412.9
362.4
371.5
371.6
383.7
390.2
391.0
396.1
400.4
409.4
412.2
416.6
413.2
416.3
427.0

Gasoline
and
oil

170.3
176.3
175.7
178.3
181.9
183.2
186.7
187.4
184.2
184.5
184.8
187.7
188.6
188.6
186.3
183.2
183.6
183.8
185.1
184.3
184.7
183.8
181.4
180.5

Services

Fuel
oil
and
coal

16.0
16.4
15.8
15.2
15.5
15.4
14.6
13.2
12.4
13.7
14.1
13.3
13.0
12.3
11.5
12.6
12.7
13.0
14.3
13.8
13.3
13.4
12.8
12.0

Other

481.1
508.6
532.9
549.2
567.1
593.2
618.0
637.3
666.1
687.3
630.2
635.1
638.2
645.4
655.3
663.3
669.0
677.0
683.5
687.1
690.5
687.9
684.8
695.2

Total
services 1

3,615.0
3,758.0
3,928.8
4,023.2
4,100.4
4,178.8
4,311.0
4,420.9
4,529.9
4,646.2
4,379.3
4,398.2
4,439.4
4,466.9
4,484.7
4,515.7
4,537.6
4,581.5
4,616.1
4,632.7
4,659.8
4,676.1
4,704.3
4,719.9

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948.8
978.6
1,006.5
1,033.7
1,042.1
1,051.9
1,083.8
1,118.4
1,154.6
1,171.7
1,103.6
1,113.2
1,123.7
1,133.1
1,143.2
1,151.7
1,158.8
1,164.7
1,168.0
1,170.4
1,172.5
1,175.9
1,177.3
1,182.3

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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Medical
care

970.7
989.0
1,026.8
1,075.2
1,136.6
1,180.8
1,216.5
1,257.3
1,290.2
1,327.8
1,241.2
1,250.9
1,263.4
1,273.8
1,283.7
1,287.9
1,289.8
1,299.2
1,316.0
1,319.4
1,331.4
1,344.5
1,360.8
1,372.2

Retail sales
of new passenger cars
and light
trucks (millions of
units)

15.5
16.9
17.3
17.1
16.8
16.6
16.9
16.9
16.5
16.1
16.6
17.4
18.0
15.9
16.8
16.4
16.5
16.3
16.3
16.1
15.9
16.0
15.2
14.1

SOURCES OF PERSONAL INCOME
Personal income fell $89.9 billion (annual rate) in July following an increase of $7.4 billion in June. Wages and
salaries rose $17.5 billion in July following an increase of $13.9 billion in June.

[Billions of dollars; monthly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Compensation of employees, received

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2007:

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
.................
July .......
Aug .......
Sept .......
Oct ........
Nov .......
Dec ........
2008: Jan r .......
Feb r .......
Mar r ......
Apr r .......
May r ......
June r .....
July p .....
1 With
2 With

Total

7,423.0
7,802.4
8,429.7
8,724.1
8,881.9
9,163.6
9,727.2
10,269.8
10,993.9
11,663.2
11,675.2
11,726.7
11,789.2
11,821.0
11,871.3
11,924.0
11,930.0
11,952.4
11,999.0
12,026.4
12,244.4
12,251.8
12,161.9

5,020.1
5,352.0
5,782.7
5,942.1
6,091.2
6,310.4
6,671.4
7,025.8
7,432.6
7,818.6
7,801.4
7,829.9
7,886.7
7,903.9
7,945.2
7,973.9
7,984.6
8,005.2
8,039.4
8,049.1
8,073.4
8,090.6
8,111.8

Wage and
salary
disbursements

4,183.4
4,466.3
4,829.2
4,942.8
4,980.9
5,112.7
5,394.5
5,671.7
6,027.2
6,362.0
6,344.1
6,369.1
6,420.0
6,434.0
6,469.4
6,493.1
6,495.4
6,513.0
6,545.7
6,549.7
6,570.2
6,584.1
6,601.6

836.7
885.7
953.4
999.3
1,110.3
1,197.7
1,276.9
1,354.1
1,405.3
1,456.6
1,457.3
1,460.8
1,466.7
1,469.9
1,475.7
1,480.8
1,489.3
1,492.3
1,493.7
1,499.4
1,503.2
1,506.5
1,510.3

Farm

29.4
28.6
22.7
19.7
10.6
29.2
37.3
34.1
16.2
44.0
46.5
47.6
48.1
47.0
47.1
47.3
41.7
42.1
41.0
39.8
39.2
37.2
34.9

Nonfarm

598.4
649.7
705.7
752.2
757.8
782.1
874.3
925.7
998.6
1,012.2
1,020.9
1,021.2
1,007.1
1,021.0
1,032.0
1,027.0
1,032.8
1,027.0
1,030.4
1,031.4
1,037.3
1,046.9
1,053.7

137.5
147.3
150.3
167.4
152.9
133.0
118.4
40.9
44.3
40.0
43.3
41.6
40.6
39.9
38.8
37.2
38.1
38.8
40.5
46.6
53.4
60.8
65.2

Total

1,283.2
1,264.2
1,387.0
1,380.0
1,333.2
1,336.6
1,432.1
1,596.9
1,824.8
2,000.1
2,012.8
2,031.0
2,049.0
2,052.9
2,056.3
2,059.4
2,056.4
2,054.2
2,051.7
2,047.2
2,043.0
2,038.8
2,057.2

Personal
interest
income

Personal
dividend
income

933.2
928.6
1,011.0
1,011.0
936.1
914.1
895.1
1,022.0
1,125.4
1,214.3
1,224.2
1,236.2
1,248.1
1,246.0
1,242.9
1,239.4
1,232.0
1,224.6
1,217.2
1,208.3
1,199.4
1,190.5
1,204.0

349.9
335.6
376.1
369.0
397.2
422.6
537.0
574.9
699.4
785.8
788.6
794.7
800.8
807.0
813.4
820.0
824.4
829.6
834.5
838.8
843.6
848.3
853.2

Personal
current
transfer
receipts 3

978.6
1,022.1
1,084.0
1,193.9
1,286.2
1,351.0
1,422.5
1,520.7
1,603.0
1,713.3
1,712.8
1,720.0
1,729.0
1,728.1
1,727.9
1,757.3
1,766.3
1,776.6
1,791.3
1,807.5
1,995.3
1,975.7
1,839.1

Less: Contributions
for government social
insurance

624.2
661.4
702.7
731.1
750.0
778.6
828.8
874.3
925.5
965.1
962.5
964.4
971.3
971.8
975.9
978.1
989.8
991.5
995.3
995.2
997.2
998.3
1,000.0

NOTE.—For information on the effects of the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 on personal
income data, see Personal Income and Outlays: July 2008, release dated August 29, 2008.
Revisions include changes to series affected by revised wage and salary estimates for 2008:I.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
capital consumption adjustment.
mainly of social insurance benefits to persons.

3 Consists

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

Personal income receipts on assets
Rental
income
of
persons 2

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Total
personal
income

Period

Supplements to
wages
and
salaries

Proprietors’ income 1

DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL INCOME
According to revised estimates, per capita disposable personal income in chained (2000) dollars rose at an annual
rate of 10.5 percent in the second quarter of 2008.

Personal
income

Period

Less:
Personal
current
taxes

Equals:
Disposable
personal
income

Less:
Personal
outlays 1

Disposable
personal
income in
billions of
chained
(2000)
dollars

Equals:
Personal
saving

Per capita
disposable personal
income
Current
dollars

Billions of dollars
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

............ 7,423.0
............ 7,802.4
............ 8,429.7
............ 8,724.1
............ 8,881.9
............ 9,163.6
............ 9,727.2
............ 10,269.8
............ 10,993.9
............ 11,663.2

Chained
(2000)
dollars

Per capita personal
consumption
expenditures
Current
dollars

Chained
(2000)
dollars

Dollars

1,027.0 6,395.9 6,119.1
1,107.5 6,695.0 6,536.4
1,235.7 7,194.0 7,025.6
1,237.3 7,486.8 7,354.5
1,051.8 7,830.1 7,645.3
1,001.1 8,162.5 7,987.7
1,046.3 8,680.9 8,499.2
1,207.8 9,062.0 9,029.5
1,353.2 9,640.7 9,570.0
1,492.8 10,170.5 10,113.1

276.8
158.6
168.5
132.3
184.7
174.9
181.7
32.5
70.7
57.4

6,663.9
6,861.3
7,194.0
7,333.3
7,562.2
7,729.9
8,008.9
8,121.4
8,407.0
8,644.0

23,161
23,968
25,472
26,235
27,167
28,053
29,563
30,576
32,222
33,667

Percent
change
in real
per capita
disposable
personal
income

Saving as
percent of
disposable
personal
income

Population,
including
Armed
Forces
overseas
(thousands) 2

Percent

24,131
24,564
25,472
25,697
26,238
26,566
27,274
27,403
28,098
28,614

21,291
22,491
23,862
24,722
25,504
26,476
27,911
29,335
30,773
32,144

22,183
23,050
23,862
24,215
24,632
25,073
25,750
26,290
26,835
27,319

4.6
1.8
3.7
.9
2.1
1.3
2.7
.5
2.5
1.8

4.3
2.4
2.3
1.8
2.4
2.1
2.1
.4
.7
.6

276,154
279,328
282,433
285,372
288,215
290,964
293,644
296,373
299,199
302,087

27,292
27,401
27,245
27,673
27,958
27,983
28,064
28,387
28,630
28,523
28,669
28,636
28,525
29,243

28,716
29,093
29,628
29,899
30,279
30,665
30,990
31,154
31,644
32,014
32,288
32,625
32,917
33,330

26,063
26,241
26,416
26,440
26,660
26,783
26,860
27,035
27,233
27,306
27,371
27,366
27,367
27,427

¥5.5
1.6
¥2.3
6.4
4.2
.4
1.2
4.7
3.5
¥1.5
2.1
¥.5
¥1.5
10.5

.8
.5
¥.7
.8
1.0
.6
.5
.9
1.1
.3
.5
.4
.2
2.6

295,342
295,969
296,719
297,462
298,101
298,774
299,568
300,351
301,004
301,667
302,452
303,225
303,868
304,528

2005: I .......
II .....
III ....
IV ....
2006: I .......
II .....
III ....
IV ....
2007: I .......
II .....
III ....
IV ....
2008: I r .....
II r ....

10,044.5
10,184.4
10,289.1
10,561.0
10,781.6
10,913.2
11,056.1
11,224.7
11,473.0
11,577.5
11,730.4
11,872.1
11,960.5
12,174.2

1,163.8
1,192.7
1,222.3
1,252.5
1,316.0
1,341.1
1,356.2
1,399.6
1,459.5
1,489.4
1,501.6
1,520.5
1,535.0
1,352.0

8,880.7
8,991.7
9,066.9
9,308.6
9,465.6
9,572.1
9,699.9
9,825.1
10,013.5
10,088.0
10,228.8
10,351.5
10,425.5
10,822.2

8,808.1
8,945.9
9,129.8
9,234.2
9,371.2
9,518.0
9,651.8
9,739.0
9,904.2
10,056.9
10,182.0
10,309.2
10,404.9
10,542.3

72.5
45.8
¥62.9
74.4
94.4
54.2
48.1
86.1
109.3
31.1
46.8
42.4
20.6
279.9

8,060.4
8,110.0
8,084.0
8,231.8
8,334.2
8,360.4
8,407.1
8,526.2
8,617.7
8,604.5
8,671.1
8,683.1
8,667.9
8,905.4

1 Includes personal consumption expenditures, personal interest payments (nonmortgage), and
personal current transfer payments.
2 Annual data are averages of quarterly data, which are averages for the period.

30,069
30,381
30,557
31,293
31,753
32,038
32,380
32,712
33,267
33,441
33,820
34,138
34,309
35,538

Note.—Revisions include changes to series affected by revised wage and salary estimates for
2008:I.
Source: Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic Analysis and Bureau of the Census).

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Seasonally adjusted annual rates

FARM INCOME
According to the revised forecast for 2008, gross farm income is forecast at $390.5 billion, and net farm income
at $95.7 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Income of farm operators from farming
Gross farm income
Cash marketing receipts
Total 1
Total

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1999 ................................
2000 r ...............................
2001 r ...............................
2002 r ...............................
2003 r ...............................
2004 r ...............................
2005 r ...............................
2006 r ...............................
2007 r ...............................
2008 r ...............................
2006: I r .........................
II r ........................
III r ......................
IV r .......................
2007: I r .........................
II r ........................
III r ......................
IV r .......................
2008: I r .........................
II r ........................
III r ......................
IV r .......................

234.9
243.6
251.8
232.6
260.0
295.6
301.1
292.4
341.1
390.5
297.7
286.4
285.7
299.8
336.5
335.1
337.1
355.8
419.6
382.3
381.5
378.4

Livestock and
products

187.8
192.0
200.0
194.9
215.6
237.2
240.9
240.8
284.8
335.8
232.1
244.3
242.9
244.1
270.8
286.1
287.3
295.1
350.3
336.0
334.6
322.3

95.7
99.6
106.7
94.0
105.6
123.6
124.9
118.2
137.9
146.1
117.6
118.6
118.3
118.3
138.8
139.2
138.0
135.6
149.6
143.8
145.2
145.8

1 Cash marketing receipts, Government payments, value of changes in inventories, other farm
related cash income, and nonmoney income produced by farms including imputed rent of operator residences.
2 Crop receipts include proceeds received from commodities placed under Commodity Credit
Corporation loans.
3 Physical changes in beginning and ending year inventories of crop and livestock commodities
valued at weighted average market prices during the period.

Value of
inventory
changes 3

Crops 2

92.1
92.4
93.3
101.0
110.0
113.6
116.0
122.6
147.0
189.7
114.5
125.7
124.5
125.7
132.0
147.0
149.2
159.6
200.7
192.0
189.4
176.5

Direct
Government
payments 4

¥0.2
1.6
1.1
¥3.4
¥2.4
11.2
.5
¥3.0
3.7
¥1.3
¥2.9
¥3.1
¥3.1
¥3.1
3.6
3.8
3.8
3.9
¥1.4
¥1.3
¥1.3
¥1.3

Production
expenses

21.5
23.2
22.4
12.4
16.5
13.0
24.4
15.8
11.9
13.2
31.1
5.8
6.7
19.5
23.5
4.4
5.1
14.7
26.0
4.9
5.6
16.3

187.2
193.1
196.9
193.1
199.6
209.8
221.8
233.9
254.4
294.8
225.4
237.2
235.8
237.0
241.9
255.5
256.5
263.6
307.5
294.9
293.7
282.9

Net farm
income

47.7
50.6
54.9
39.6
60.5
85.8
79.3
58.5
86.8
95.7
72.3
49.2
49.8
62.8
94.6
79.6
80.6
92.3
112.1
87.4
87.8
95.5

4 Includes only Government payments made directly to farmers.
NOTE.—Data for 2008 are forecasts.
Source: Department of Agriculture.

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Period

CORPORATE PROFITS
In the second quarter of 2008, according to prelimary estimates, corporate profits before tax rose $20.4 billion
(annual rate) and profits after tax rose $13.0 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Profits (before tax) with inventory valuation adjustment 1

Profits after tax

Domestic industries
Period

Profits
before
tax

Nonfinancial

Total 2

Financial

Total

Total 3

Manufacturing

Utilities

Wholesale

Retail

Taxes
on
corporate
income

Total

Net
dividends

Undistributed
profits

Inventory
valuation adjustment

738.5

635.5

165.9

469.6

173.5

................

52.3

73.4

718.3

248.3

470.0

351.6

118.3

20.2

1998 4 .....
1999 ........
2000 ........
2001 ........
2002 ........
2003 ........
2004 ........
2005 ........
2006 ........
2007 ........
2005: I ...
II ..
III
IV
2006: I ...
II ..
III
IV
2007: I ...
II ..
III
IV
2008: I ...
II p

738.5
776.8
759.3
719.2
766.2
894.5
1,161.6
1,582.8
1,834.2
1,835.1
1,555.3
1,594.0
1,497.1
1,684.6
1,778.7
1,841.6
1,887.2
1,829.3
1,794.7
1,859.5
1,866.1
1,820.2
1,641.5
1,618.7

635.5
655.3
613.6
549.5
610.4
729.0
968.2
1,343.3
1,566.7
1,490.5
1,321.2
1,360.8
1,244.2
1,447.2
1,528.3
1,571.9
1,626.7
1,540.0
1,496.6
1,556.7
1,509.7
1,398.9
1,243.1
1,235.8

165.4
194.3
200.2
227.6
276.4
317.3
348.9
425.3
478.8
449.9
470.0
437.3
362.3
431.4
470.0
493.1
473.3
478.8
454.1
492.7
460.3
392.4
c 412.8
438.9

470.1
461.1
413.4
322.0
334.0
411.8
619.3
918.1
1,087.9
1,040.6
851.1
923.4
881.9
1,015.8
1,058.3
1,078.8
1,153.4
1,061.2
1,042.5
1,064.0
1,049.3
1,006.5
830.2
796.8

157.0
150.6
144.3
52.6
48.2
76.0
152.7
243.8
304.3
316.6
242.7
239.3
241.6
251.6
279.2
305.8
333.5
298.9
317.0
350.8
306.6
292.1
240.5
................

32.7
33.1
24.4
24.7
10.6
11.6
18.6
28.9
55.6
58.5
27.1
28.4
21.7
38.2
44.9
53.5
62.5
61.4
57.2
54.7
58.7
63.2
46.2
................

53.2
55.5
59.7
52.1
49.3
55.2
79.2
97.3
107.5
102.6
90.4
109.5
85.5
103.8
102.3
94.5
128.3
104.9
108.2
112.7
109.1
80.2
49.2
..............

66.4
65.2
59.6
71.0
79.4
86.8
91.1
120.4
132.3
132.3
102.3
126.7
114.8
137.8
133.5
126.0
132.1
137.5
132.8
145.9
126.0
124.5
112.0
..............

718.3
775.9
773.4
707.9
768.4
908.1
1,204.7
1,620.6
1,873.7
1,886.3
1,600.7
1,612.0
1,536.3
1,733.3
1,813.8
1,900.1
1,929.9
1,851.1
1,838.9
1,914.8
1,897.1
1,894.3
1,750.9
1,771.3

248.3
258.6
265.2
204.1
192.6
243.3
307.4
413.7
468.9
450.4
407.2
412.0
386.4
449.2
453.8
474.8
487.2
459.8
448.5
468.5
451.1
433.5
402.9
410.3

470.0
517.2
508.2
503.8
575.8
664.8
897.3
1,206.9
1,404.8
1,435.9
1,193.5
1,200.1
1,149.9
1,284.1
1,359.9
1,425.2
1,442.6
1,391.4
1,390.4
1,446.3
1,446.1
1,460.9
1,348.0
1,361.0

351.6
337.4
377.9
370.9
399.2
424.7
539.5
577.4
702.1
788.7
553.0
561.6
581.4
613.4
652.8
688.8
720.9
745.8
761.5
779.2
797.6
816.4
832.5
846.5

118.3
179.9
130.3
132.9
176.6
240.1
357.8
629.5
702.7
647.3
640.6
638.5
568.4
670.6
707.1
736.4
721.7
645.6
629.0
667.1
648.5
644.5
515.5
514.5

20.2
1.0
¥14.1
11.3
¥2.2
¥13.6
¥43.1
¥37.8
¥39.5
¥51.2
¥45.4
¥18.0
¥39.1
¥48.7
¥35.0
¥58.5
¥42.7
¥21.8
¥44.2
¥55.3
¥31.0
¥74.1
¥109.4
¥152.6

1 See

p. 4 for profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
rest of the world, not shown separately.
3 Includes industries not shown separately.
2 Includes

4 Data by industry beginning 1998 are based on the 1997 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and are not directly comparable with data for prior years shown,
which are based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC).
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

8
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wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998 ........

REAL GROSS PRIVATE DOMESTIC INVESTMENT
In the second quarter of 2008, according to revised estimates, nonresidential fixed investment in chained (2000)
dollars rose $7.9 billion (annual rate) and residential investment fell $16.1 billion. There was a decrease of $49.4
billion in inventories following a decrease of $10.2 billion in the first quarter.

[Billions of chained (2000) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Fixed investment
Gross
private
domestic
investment

Period

Nonresidential
Total

Equipment
and software

Residential

Structures

Total

Total

Nonfarm

.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
..................................................................................

1,524.1
1,642.6
1,735.5
1,598.4
1,557.1
1,613.1
1,770.2
1,873.5
1,912.5
1,809.7

1,455.0
1,576.3
1,679.0
1,629.4
1,544.6
1,596.9
1,712.8
1,829.8
1,865.5
1,808.5

1,037.8
1,133.3
1,232.1
1,180.5
1,071.5
1,081.8
1,144.3
1,226.2
1,318.2
1,382.9

294.5
293.2
313.2
306.1
253.8
243.5
246.7
249.8
270.3
304.6

745.6
840.2
918.9
874.2
820.2
843.1
905.1
989.6
1,061.0
1,078.9

418.3
443.6
446.9
448.5
469.9
509.4
560.2
595.4
552.9
453.8

72.6
68.9
56.5
¥31.7
12.5
14.3
54.3
38.9
42.3
¥2.5

71.2
71.5
57.8
¥31.8
15.2
14.0
48.2
39.1
46.3
¥3.7

2005: I .............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III ..........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................

1,869.1
1,844.8
1,862.8
1,917.3

1,790.5
1,823.5
1,847.2
1,858.0

1,200.4
1,219.0
1,237.1
1,248.2

253.1
252.3
246.2
247.4

956.6
977.9
1,006.5
1,017.4

582.1
595.8
601.7
602.0

74.6
16.7
11.0
53.5

79.5
17.4
6.2
53.2

2006: I .............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III .........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................

1,946.3
1,944.3
1,917.8
1,841.6

1,895.2
1,883.1
1,860.0
1,823.7

1,295.2
1,315.4
1,332.7
1,329.3

256.5
268.3
277.4
279.1

1,056.6
1,061.2
1,066.4
1,059.9

596.5
570.1
536.7
508.4

45.9
56.9
53.3
13.1

45.4
63.3
59.9
16.4

2007: I .............................................................................
II ...........................................................................
III ..........................................................................
IV ..........................................................................
2008: I .............................................................................
II r .........................................................................

1,795.9
1,822.9
1,838.7
1,781.3
1,754.7
1,699.8

1,807.8
1,821.3
1,817.0
1,788.2
1,762.4
1,751.1

1,340.4
1,373.8
1,402.9
1,414.7
1,423.1
1,431.0

286.6
298.9
313.2
319.7
326.4
337.0

1,060.0
1,077.9
1,087.5
1,090.1
1,088.6
1,079.7

486.4
471.7
445.3
411.6
383.0
366.9

¥15.0
¥2.8
16.0
¥8.1
¥10.2
¥49.4

¥10.7
¥2.6
19.2
¥20.6
¥17.9
¥52.9

NOTE.—See p. 10 for further detail on fixed investment by type.
Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (2000) dollar estimates
for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any intermediate aggregates.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Change in private
inventories

REAL PRIVATE FIXED INVESTMENT BY TYPE
[Billions of chained (2000) dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Nonresidential

Residential

Equipment and software

Period

Information processing equipment
and software

Total
fixed
investment

Total
nonresidential

Structures

Total

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2005:

Structures

Computers and
peripheral
equipment 1

Software

Total

Transportation
equipment

Other
equipment

Total
residential

Total 2

Single
family

Other

Industrial
equipment

Equipment

...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................
I ......................
II .....................
III ...................
IV ....................

1,455.0
1,576.3
1,679.0
1,629.4
1,544.6
1,596.9
1,712.8
1,829.8
1,865.5
1,808.5
1,790.5
1,823.5
1,847.2
1,858.0

1,037.8
1,133.3
1,232.1
1,180.5
1,071.5
1,081.8
1,144.3
1,226.2
1,318.2
1,382.9
1,200.4
1,219.0
1,237.1
1,248.2

294.5
293.2
313.2
306.1
253.8
243.5
246.7
249.8
270.3
304.6
253.1
252.3
246.2
247.4

745.6
840.2
918.9
874.2
820.2
843.1
905.1
989.6
1,061.0
1,078.9
956.6
977.9
1,006.5
1,017.4

328.9
398.5
467.6
459.0
437.4
462.7
505.7
546.7
596.6
653.9
529.5
540.3
552.7
564.3

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

129.4
157.2
176.2
173.8
169.7
177.3
193.6
207.0
215.5
237.0
201.5
206.8
208.2
211.4

143.2
158.0
190.0
181.7
161.1
167.1
181.1
191.6
206.7
218.0
187.9
188.4
195.3
194.9

148.1
147.9
159.2
145.7
134.5
138.4
134.0
145.3
153.5
155.7
142.0
140.9
146.3
152.0

145.4
167.7
160.8
142.8
126.0
113.8
130.6
149.5
159.5
139.4
142.1
148.5
157.2
150.3

125.7
126.7
131.2
126.9
122.9
130.4
138.3
150.4
156.5
148.4
145.6
150.5
151.7
153.7

418.3
443.6
446.9
448.5
469.9
509.4
560.2
595.4
552.9
453.8
582.1
595.8
601.7
602.0

411.9
436.6
439.5
441.1
462.2
501.2
551.2
586.0
543.5
444.9
572.9
586.4
592.3
592.4

218.1
234.2
236.8
237.1
246.3
272.6
305.3
325.9
294.9
214.1
318.8
323.5
327.6
333.7

6.4
7.0
7.4
7.4
7.7
8.1
9.0
9.3
9.6
9.5
9.1
9.3
9.2
9.5

2006: I ......................
II .....................
III ...................
IV ....................

1,895.2
1,883.1
1,860.0
1,823.7

1,295.2
1,315.4
1,332.7
1,329.3

256.5
268.3
277.4
279.1

1,056.6
1,061.2
1,066.4
1,059.9

586.2
590.9
603.9
605.3

.............
.............
.............
.............

212.5
213.2
215.8
220.5

207.6
205.1
209.4
204.8

149.9
157.2
153.8
153.2

165.3
157.9
159.7
155.2

158.2
158.7
155.2
153.8

596.5
570.1
536.7
508.4

586.8
560.6
527.4
499.3

333.1
308.7
282.7
255.2

9.7
9.7
9.6
9.4

2007: I ......................
II .....................
III ...................
IV ....................

1,807.8
1,821.3
1,817.0
1,788.2

1,340.4
1,373.8
1,402.9
1,414.7

286.6
298.9
313.2
319.7

1,060.0
1,077.9
1,087.5
1,090.1

629.9
647.3
660.9
677.6

.............
.............
.............
.............

227.9
235.7
239.4
245.1

212.5
216.2
219.6
223.5

150.3
160.3
159.1
153.1

149.0
139.4
137.4
131.9

145.3
147.5
149.2
151.5

486.4
471.7
445.3
411.6

477.3
462.8
436.5
403.0

235.6
227.3
210.3
182.9

9.5
9.5
9.5
9.4

2008: I ......................
II r ....................

1,762.4
1,751.1

1,423.1
1,431.0

326.4
337.0

1,088.6
1,079.7

689.6
707.7

.............
.............

251.0
257.1

223.6
230.4

153.4
152.1

127.0
109.4

146.5
145.3

383.0
366.9

374.6
358.4

156.7
141.8

9.3
9.5

1 For details on this component, see Survey of Current Business, Tables 5.3.6, 5.3.1 for
growth rates, 5.3.2 for contributions, and 5.3.3 for quantity indexes.
2 Includes other items, not shown separately.

NOTE.—Because of the formula used for calculating real GDP, the chained (2000) dollar
estimates for the detailed components do not add to the chained-dollar value of GDP or to any
intermediate aggregates.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

BUSINESS INVESTMENT
[Billions of dollars]
Capital expenditures
By industry

Period

Total
capital
expenditures

Total
by
industry

Forestry,
fishing
Con- Manuand
Min- Utili- strucfacagriing
ties
turtion
culing
tural
services

ProFor
Real fesscomTransesional, Health
panies
portaFiwithWhole- Retail
tion
Infor- nance tate scien- care
and
and
out
sale
and
maand rental tific, social Other 1 emand
trade trade waretion insur- and
tech- assisployhousance leas- nical tance
ees
ing
ing
services

For companies with employees

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................

807.1 .............. ........... ........ ......... .......... ........... ............ .......... ............ .......... .......... .......... .......... ........... ........... ..........
871.8 .............. ........... ........ ......... .......... ........... ............ .......... ............ .......... .......... .......... .......... ........... ........... ..........
970.9
896.5
0.9 40.4 36.0 26.9 203.6
29.2 57.3
51.3 96.5 118.2 85.2
22.3
47.1
81.7 74.4
1,047.0
974.6
1.7 30.6 42.8 23.1 196.4
32.4 64.1
57.3 122.8 130.1 100.6
29.5
51.3
91.8 72.3
1,161.0 1,089.9
1.5 42.5 61.3 25.0 214.8
33.6 69.8
59.9 160.2 133.7 92.5
34.1
52.2 108.9 71.2
1,109.0 1,052.3
1.5 51.3 82.8 24.8 192.8
30.0 66.9
57.8 144.8 131.1 82.7
30.5
52.9 102.5 56.7
997.9
917.5
1.9 42.5 65.5 24.8 157.2
26.8 59.3
47.1 88.2 128.4 94.5
25.9
59.3
96.1 80.4
975.0
886.8
1.9 50.5 54.6 23.2 149.1
26.0 65.9
44.5 80.5 120.8 88.0
24.7
61.2
96.2 88.2
1,042.1
953.2
2.1 51.3 50.4 28.6 156.7
32.3 72.2
46.1 83.5 153.6 91.6
26.7
64.6
93.6 88.9
1,144.8 1,062.5
2.7 66.7 58.0 30.1 165.6
40.6 73.5
56.9 91.4 161.4 103.0
33.1
73.8 105.6 82.2
1,309.4 1,216.6
2.7 98.3 70.0 30.3 191.0
42.9 86.9
67.4 104.6 169.4 122.4
30.3
75.4 124.9 92.8

1 Includes the following industries: Management of companies and enterprises; administrative
and support and waste management; educational services; arts, entertainment, and recreation;
accommodation and food services; and other services (except public administration). Also includes an item for structure and equipment expenditures serving multiple industry categories.

NOTE.—Data from Annual Capital Expenditures. Industry data are based on the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Data shown in this table are capital expenditures for both new and used structures and
equipment.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

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ECOIND

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES
STATUS OF THE LABOR FORCE
In August, employment fell by 342,000 and unemployment rose by 592,000.

[Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted except as noted by NSA]
Civilian employment

1998 2 ....................
1999 2 ....................
2000 2 ....................
2001 .....................
2002 ......................
2003 2 ....................
2004 2 ....................
2005 2 ....................
2006 2 ....................
2007 2 ....................
2007: Aug ...........
Sept ...........
Oct ............
Nov ............
Dec ............
2008: Jan 2 ..........
Feb ............
Mar ............
Apr .............
May ............
June ...........
July ............
Aug ............

Civilian
noninstitutional
population
(NSA)

Civilian
labor
force

205,220
207,753
212,577
215,092
217,570
221,168
223,357
226,082
228,815
231,867
232,211
232,461
232,715
232,939
233,156
232,616
232,809
232,995
233,198
233,405
233,627
233,864
234,107

137,673
139,368
142,583
143,734
144,863
146,510
147,401
149,320
151,428
153,124
152,886
153,506
153,306
153,828
153,866
153,824
153,374
153,784
153,957
154,534
154,390
154,603
154,853

Total

Men
20
years
and
over

Women
20
years
and
over

Both
sexes
16–19
years

131,463
133,488
136,891
136,933
136,485
137,736
139,252
141,730
144,427
146,047
145,753
146,260
146,016
146,647
146,211
146,248
145,993
145,969
146,331
146,046
145,891
145,819
145,477

67,135
67,761
69,634
69,776
69,734
70,415
71,572
73,050
74,431
75,337
75,274
75,332
75,274
75,834
75,499
75,427
75,362
75,197
75,148
75,001
74,998
75,094
74,866

57,278
58,555
60,067
60,417
60,420
61,402
61,773
62,702
63,834
64,799
64,826
65,033
64,827
65,980
64,912
65,098
64,950
65,055
65,260
65,138
65,238
65,167
65,047

7,051
7,172
7,189
6,740
6,332
5,919
5,907
5,978
6,162
5,911
5,653
5,895
5,914
5,832
5,801
5,724
5,681
5,717
5,923
5,907
5,655
5,558
5,563

1 Civilian labor force (or employment) as percent of civilian noninstitutional population; and
unemployment as percent of civilian labor force.
2 Not strictly comparable with earlier data.
NOTE.—Beginning January 2008 data reflect revised population controls and are not strictly
comparable with earlier data.

Total

6,210
5,880
5,692
6,801
8,378
8,774
8,149
7,591
7,001
7,078
7,133
7,246
7,291
7,181
7,655
7,576
7,381
7,815
7,626
8,487
8,499
8,784
9,376

Men
20
years
and
over
2,580
2,433
2,376
3,040
3,896
4,209
3,791
3,392
3,131
3,259
3,252
3,357
3,389
3,240
3,505
3,437
3,386
3,641
3,628
3,877
4,038
4,234
4,452

Women
20
years
and
over

Both
sexes
16–19
years

Not in
labor
force

2,424
2,285
2,235
2,599
3,228
3,314
3,150
3,013
2,751
2,718
2,790
2,762
2,796
2,796
2,954
2,885
2,865
3,104
2,916
3,252
3,208
3,135
3,625

1,205
1,162
1,081
1,162
1,253
1,251
1,208
1,186
1,119
1,101
1,092
1,126
1,105
1,145
1,196
1,254
1,130
1,070
1,082
1,358
1,253
1,415
1,299

Labor
force
participation
rate

Employment/
population
ratio

Unemployment
rate

67.1
67.1
67.1
66.8
66.6
66.2
66.0
66.0
66.2
66.0
65.8
66.0
65.9
66.0
66.0
66.1
65.9
66.0
66.0
66.2
66.1
66.1
66.1

64.1
64.3
64.4
63.7
62.7
62.3
62.3
62.7
63.1
63.0
62.8
62.9
62.7
63.0
62.7
62.9
62.7
62.6
62.7
62.6
62.4
62.4
62.1

4.5
4.2
4.0
4.7
5.8
6.0
5.5
5.1
4.6
4.6
4.7
4.7
4.8
4.7
5.0
4.9
4.8
5.1
5.0
5.5
5.5
5.7
6.1

67,547
68,385
69,994
71,359
72,707
74,658
75,956
76,762
77,387
78,743
79,325
78,955
79,409
79,111
79,290
78,792
79,436
79,211
79,241
c 78,871
79,237
79,261
79,253

See Employment and Earnings for details on breaks in series.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Period

Percent 1

Unemployment

SELECTED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
In August, the unemployment rate rose to 6.1 percent from 5.7 percent in July.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force in group)
By race or ethnicity 1

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

Period

All
civilian
workers

1998 .........................
1999 .........................
2000 ........................
2001 ........................
2002 ........................
2003 ........................
2004 .........................
2005 .........................
2006 .........................
2007 .........................
2007: Aug ..............
Sept ..............
Oct ...............
Nov ..............
Dec ...............
2008: Jan ...............
Feb ...............
Mar ...............
Apr ...............
May ...............
June ..............
July ...............
Aug ...............

Men
20 years
and over

Women
20 years
and over

3.7
3.5
3.3
4.2
5.3
5.6
5.0
4.4
4.0
4.1
4.1
4.3
4.3
4.1
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.6
4.6
4.9
5.1
5.3
5.6

4.1
3.8
3.6
4.1
5.1
5.1
4.9
4.6
4.1
4.0
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.4
4.2
4.2
4.6
4.3
4.8
4.7
4.6
5.3

4.5
4.2
4.0
4.7
5.8
6.0
5.5
5.1
4.6
4.6
4.7
4.7
4.8
4.7
5.0
4.9
4.8
5.1
5.0
5.5
5.5
5.7
6.1

Both
sexes
16–19
years

14.6
13.9
13.1
14.7
16.5
17.5
17.0
16.6
15.4
15.7
16.2
16.0
15.7
16.4
17.1
18.0
16.6
15.8
15.4
18.7
18.1
20.3
18.9

White

3.9
3.7
3.5
4.2
5.1
5.2
4.8
4.4
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.5
4.4
4.9
4.9
5.1
5.4

1 Beginning in 2003, persons who selected this race group only. Prior to 2003, persons who
reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as the main race. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

By selected groups

Black or
African
American

Asian
(NSA)

Hispanic or
Latino
ethnicity

8.9
8.0
7.6
8.6
10.2
10.8
10.4
10.0
8.9
8.3
7.7
8.2
8.5
8.4
9.0
9.2
8.3
9.0
8.6
9.7
9.2
9.7
10.6

..........
..........
3.6
4.5
5.9
6.0
4.4
4.0
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.2
3.7
3.6
3.7
3.2
3.0
3.6
3.2
3.8
4.5
4.0
4.4

Married
men,
spouse
present

7.2
6.4
5.7
6.6
7.5
7.7
7.0
6.0
5.2
5.6
5.5
5.7
5.6
5.7
6.3
6.3
6.2
6.9
6.9
6.9
7.7
7.4
8.0

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Full-time
workers

Part-time
workers

7.2
6.4
5.9
6.6
8.0
8.5
8.0
7.8
7.1
6.5
6.2
6.4
6.3
6.6
6.9
7.0
6.7
7.1
6.8
6.9
7.9
8.5
9.6

4.3
4.1
3.8
4.7
5.9
6.1
5.6
5.0
4.5
4.6
4.6
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.9
4.8
4.8
5.0
5.0
5.5
5.5
5.7
6.2

5.3
5.0
4.8
5.1
5.2
5.5
5.3
5.4
5.1
4.9
4.9
4.7
5.0
5.0
5.6
5.4
5.0
5.3
4.9
5.5
5.4
5.5
5.7

2.4
2.2
2.0
2.7
3.6
3.8
3.1
2.8
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.8
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.2
3.5

NOTE.—Data relate to persons age 16 years and over.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

12
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Women
who
maintain
families
(NSA)

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By sex and age

SELECTED MEASURES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
PROGRAMS
In August, the percentages of the unemployed who had been out of work for less than 5 weeks, for 15–26 weeks
and for 27 weeks and over rose; the percentage for 5–14 weeks fell. The mean duration of unemployment rose
to 17.4 weeks and the median duration fell to 9.2 weeks.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
Duration of unemployment

Period

Unemployment
(thousands)

Percent distribution
Less
than
5
weeks

5–14
weeks

15–26
weeks

Reason for unemployment:
percent distribution

State
programs

Number of weeks
27
weeks
and
over

Average
(mean)

Median

Job
losers 1

Job
leavers

Reentrants

New
entrants

Insured
unemployment

Initial
claims

Insured
unemployment,
all
regular
programs
(unadjusted) 2

1998 ........................................
1999 ........................................
2000 ........................................
2001 ........................................
2002 ........................................
2003 ........................................
2004 ........................................
2005 ........................................
2006 ........................................
2007 ........................................
2007: Aug ..............................
Sept .............................
Oct ..............................
Nov ..............................
Dec ..............................
2008: Jan ..............................
Feb ..............................
Mar ..............................
Apr ...............................
May ..............................
June .............................
July ..............................
Aug ..............................

6,210
5,880
5,692
6,801
8,378
8,774
8,149
7,591
7,001
7,078
7,133
7,246
7,291
7,181
7,655
7,576
7,381
7,815
7,626
8,487
8,499
8,784
9,376

42.2
43.7
44.9
42.0
34.5
31.7
33.1
35.1
37.3
35.9
36.3
34.9
34.2
36.6
36.5
35.0
35.6
36.0
32.7
38.2
31.4
32.3
34.2

31.4
31.2
31.9
32.3
30.8
29.8
29.2
30.4
30.3
31.5
30.6
32.1
33.5
30.0
30.5
31.8
32.3
32.8
32.8
29.1
34.8
32.2
29.8

12.3
12.8
11.8
14.0
16.3
16.4
15.9
14.9
14.7
15.0
15.6
15.3
14.4
14.1
15.5
14.9
14.6
14.5
16.7
14.4
15.4
16.4
16.5

14.1
12.3
11.4
11.8
18.3
22.1
21.8
19.6
17.6
17.6
17.4
17.6
17.9
19.3
17.5
18.3
17.5
16.7
17.8
18.3
18.4
19.1
19.5

1 Beginning January 1994, job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs.
2 Includes State (50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands), ex-servicemen (UCX), and Federal (UCFE). Also includes Federal and State extended benefit programs. Does not include Railroad (RR) program, Federal supplemental compensation or Emergency Unemployment Compensation programs.

14.5
13.4
12.6
13.1
16.6
19.2
19.6
18.4
16.8
16.8
16.9
16.6
17.0
17.2
16.6
17.5
16.8
16.2
16.9
16.6
17.5
17.1
17.4

6.7
6.4
5.9
6.8
9.1
10.1
9.8
8.9
8.3
8.5
8.6
8.9
8.7
8.7
8.4
8.8
8.4
8.1
9.3
8.3
10.0
9.7
9.2

45.5
44.6
44.2
51.1
55.0
55.1
51.5
48.3
47.4
49.7
51.1
49.6
50.9
50.0
50.1
50.7
52.2
53.7
52.7
50.7
51.7
50.2
51.9

11.8
13.3
13.7
12.3
10.3
9.3
10.5
11.5
11.8
11.2
11.2
11.5
10.8
10.8
10.4
11.1
10.4
10.1
11.2
10.3
9.9
9.8
10.7

34.3
34.1
34.5
29.9
28.3
28.2
29.5
31.4
32.0
30.3
29.2
29.5
28.7
29.9
30.4
29.4
28.6
27.4
28.0
29.1
29.6
30.8
28.5

8.4
8.0
7.6
6.8
6.4
7.3
8.4
8.8
8.8
8.9
8.5
9.4
9.7
9.3
9.1
8.9
8.8
8.8
8.2
9.8
8.9
9.2
8.8

2,222
2,188
2,110
2,974
3,585
3,531
2,950
2,661
2,476
2,571
2,579
2,553
2,573
2,620
2,696
2,718
2,776
2,910
3,012
3,096
3,126
3,233
..............

321
298
301
404
407
404
345
328
313
324
324
319
329
339
344
337
346
374
365
369
389
r 406
p 439

2,257
2,219
2,141
3,007
3,619
3,569
2,995
2,706
2,518
2,609
2,269
2,343
2,256
2,273
3,071
3,270
3,256
3,553
3,037
r 2,667
3,108
3,014
.................

NOTE.—Data relate to persons age 16 years and over (except for insured unemployment and
initial claims).
Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics and Employment and Training Administration).

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Weekly average, thousands

NONAGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
Total nonagricultural employment as measured by the payroll survey fell by 84,000 in August.

[Thousands of wage and salary workers; 1 monthly data seasonally adjusted]

Goods-producing industries

Period

Total 2

Construction

Manufacturing

Service-providing industries
Trade, transportation, and
utilities

Total

Total 3
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
Aug ........
Sept .......
Oct .........
Nov ........
Dec .........
2008: Jan .........
Feb ........
Mar ........
Apr .........
May ........
June r ......
July r .......
Aug p .......

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2007:

125,930
128,993
131,785
131,826
130,341
129,999
131,435
133,703
136,086
137,623
137,756
137,837
137,977
138,037
138,078
138,002
137,919
137,831
137,764
137,717
137,617
137,557
137,473

24,354
24,465
24,649
23,873
22,557
21,816
21,882
22,190
22,531
22,221
22,176
22,138
22,101
22,049
21,976
21,907
21,816
21,737
21,628
21,577
21,491
21,443
21,386

6,149
6,545
6,787
6,826
6,716
6,735
6,976
7,336
7,691
7,614
7,605
7,589
7,577
7,520
7,465
7,426
7,382
7,343
7,284
7,246
7,196
7,176
7,168

17,560
17,322
17,263
16,441
15,259
14,510
14,315
14,226
14,155
13,884
13,844
13,822
13,797
13,794
13,772
13,737
13,690
13,644
13,592
13,571
13,527
13,489
13,428

101,576
104,528
107,136
107,952
107,784
108,183
109,553
111,513
113,556
115,402
115,580
115,699
115,876
115,988
116,102
116,095
116,103
116,094
116,136
116,140
116,126
116,114
116,087

Retail
trade

25,186
25,771
26,225
25,983
25,497
25,287
25,533
25,959
26,276
26,608
26,640
26,649
26,644
26,693
26,658
26,631
26,579
26,552
26,496
26,451
26,431
26,392
26,357

14,609
14,970
15,280
15,239
15,025
14,917
15,058
15,280
15,353
15,491
15,502
15,487
15,469
15,513
15,488
15,472
15,429
15,401
15,356
15,332
15,324
15,306
15,286

1 Data from the establishment survey. Includes all full- and part-time wage and salary workers in nonagricultural establishments who received pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Excludes proprietors, self-employed persons, unpaid family workers, and private household workers. Data from the household survey shown on p. 11 include
those workers and also count persons as employed when they are not at work because of industrial disputes, bad weather, etc., even if they are not paid for the time off. In the series shown
here, persons who work at more than one job are counted each time they appear on a payroll,
in contrast to the series shown on p. 11 where persons are counted only once—as employed,
unemployed, or not in the labor force. See Employment and Earnings for details.

Information
3,218
3,419
3,630
3,629
3,395
3,188
3,118
3,061
3,038
3,029
3,024
3,031
3,027
3,022
3,018
3,014
3,016
3,013
3,007
3,002
2,997
2,988
2,985

Financial
activities
7,462
7,648
7,687
7,808
7,847
7,977
8,031
8,153
8,328
8,308
8,312
8,294
8,283
8,260
8,252
8,244
8,231
8,231
8,229
8,226
8,213
8,210
8,207

Profes- Educasional
tion Leisure
and
and
and
busihealth hospiness
tality
services services
15,147
15,957
16,666
16,476
15,976
15,987
16,394
16,954
17,566
17,962
17,979
18,000
18,070
18,079
18,131
18,101
18,073
18,014
18,031
17,982
17,927
17,910
17,857

14,446
14,798
15,109
15,645
16,199
16,588
16,953
17,372
17,826
18,327
18,422
18,451
18,490
18,522
18,568
18,617
18,665
18,709
18,757
18,820
18,891
18,942
18,997

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Government

Total
4,976
5,087
5,168
5,258
5,372
5,401
5,409
5,395
5,438
5,491
5,497
5,495
5,496
5,506
5,507
5,508
5,517
5,522
5,525
5,527
5,525
5,529
5,528

19,909
20,307
20,790
21,118
21,513
21,583
21,621
21,804
21,974
22,203
22,212
22,227
22,262
22,278
22,333
22,336
22,362
22,377
22,401
22,453
22,463
22,469
22,486

Federal
2,772
2,769
2,865
2,764
2,766
2,761
2,730
2,732
2,732
2,727
2,724
2,721
2,722
2,728
2,735
2,717
2,725
2,726
2,734
2,740
2,744
2,748
2,747

2 Includes

natural resources and mining, not shown separately.
3 Includes wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
NOTE.—Data classified by industry based on the 2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For details see Employment and Earnings.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

14
VerDate Aug 31 2005

11,232
11,543
11,862
12,036
11,986
12,173
12,493
12,816
13,110
13,474
13,494
13,552
13,604
13,628
13,635
13,644
13,660
13,676
13,690
13,679
13,679
13,674
13,670

Other
services

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Total
nonagricultural
employment

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS, HOURLY EARNINGS, AND WEEKLY EARNINGS
PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES
[For production or nonsupervisory workers; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Average weekly hours

Average gross hourly earnings

Manufacturing
Total
private
nonagricultural 1

Period

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2007:

.....................
.....................
....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
July ...........
Aug ...........
Sept ..........
Oct ............
Nov ...........
Dec ...........
2008: Jan ...........
Feb ...........
Mar ...........
Apr ...........
May ...........
June r ........
July r .........
Aug p ..........

34.5
34.3
34.3
34.0
33.9
33.7
33.7
33.8
33.9
33.8
33.8
33.8
33.8
33.8
33.8
33.8
33.7
33.7
33.8
33.8
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7

Total

41.4
41.4
41.3
40.3
40.5
40.4
40.8
40.7
41.1
41.2
41.4
41.3
41.4
41.2
41.3
41.1
41.1
41.1
41.2
41.0
41.0
41.0
41.0
40.9

Average gross weekly earnings

Total private
nonagricultural 1
Current
dollars

Overtime

4.9
4.9
4.7
4.0
4.2
4.2
4.6
4.6
4.4
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.7

$13.01
13.49
14.02
14.54
14.97
15.37
15.69
16.13
16.76
17.42
17.47
17.51
17.57
17.59
17.64
17.70
17.75
17.81
17.87
17.89
17.95
18.00
18.07
18.14

1982
dollars 2

$7.89
8.01
8.04
8.12
8.25
8.28
8.24
8.18
8.24
8.32
8.33
8.35
8.35
8.34
8.27
8.27
8.26
8.29
8.28
8.27
8.24
8.17
8.12
..............

Total private
nonagricultural 1
Manufacturing

Current
dollars

$13.45
13.85
14.32
14.76
15.29
15.74
16.14
16.56
16.81
17.26
17.30
17.33
17.34
17.34
17.40
17.41
17.49
17.55
17.61
17.62
17.65
17.71
17.79
17.75

1 Also includes other private industry groups shown on p. 14.
2 Current dollar earnings divided by the consumer price index for urban wage earners and
clerical workers (CPI–W) (on a 1982=100 base).

Percent change from
a year earlier, total
private nonagricultural

Current dollars

1982
dollars 2

Manufacturing

Construction

Retail
trade

$448.56
463.15
481.01
493.79
506.75
518.06
529.09
544.33
567.87
589.72
590.49
591.84
593.87
594.54
596.23
598.26
598.18
600.20
604.01
604.68
604.92
606.60
608.96
611.32

$272.18
275.03
275.97
275.71
279.20
279.13
277.88
276.17
279.19
281.82
281.65
282.30
282.20
281.72
279.67
279.53
278.27
279.21
279.96
279.62
277.75
275.18
273.81
..............

$557.09
573.25
590.77
595.19
618.75
635.99
658.49
673.33
691.02
711.36
716.22
715.73
717.88
714.41
718.62
715.55
718.84
721.31
725.53
722.42
723.65
726.11
729.39
725.98

$629.75
655.11
685.78
695.89
711.82
726.83
735.55
750.22
781.21
816.06
814.57
815.19
821.57
821.73
828.92
830.70
829.54
830.89
838.68
840.24
835.45
842.50
845.98
855.54

$310.34
321.63
333.38
346.16
360.81
367.15
371.13
377.58
383.02
385.20
384.98
385.28
387.47
387.09
386.86
385.58
386.56
386.48
388.37
388.07
388.29
388.29
387.00
389.80

Current
dollars

3.9
3.3
3.9
2.7
2.6
2.2
2.1
2.9
4.3
3.8
3.7
3.7
4.1
3.5
3.8
3.4
3.4
3.7
3.3
3.5
3.2
2.8
3.1
3.3

1982
dollars

2.5
1.0
.3
¥.1
1.3
¥.0
¥.4
¥.6
1.1
.9
1.4
1.9
1.2
¥.3
¥.8
¥1.0
¥1.4
¥.8
¥.9
¥.7
¥1.1
¥2.5
¥2.8
..............

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX—PRIVATE INDUSTRY
Index (December 2005 = 100)

Percent change from
3 months earlier

Period

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

Benefits 1

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

12 months earlier
Benefits 1

Total
compensation

Wages and
salaries

Benefits 1

Not seasonally adjusted
1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:
2005:
2006:
2007:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................
.................................................................

77.5
80.2
83.6
87.3
90.0
93.6
97.2
100.0
103.2
106.3

80.6
83.5
86.7
89.9
92.2
95.1
97.6
100.0
103.2
106.6

70.2
72.6
76.7
81.3
84.7
90.2
96.2
100.0
103.1
105.6

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

Seasonally adjusted

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

2005: June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2006: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2007: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................
Sept ................................................................
Dec .................................................................
2008: Mar .................................................................
June ...............................................................

98.8
99.5
100.2
100.8
101.6
102.5
103.3
104.0
104.8
105.6
106.5
107.3
107.9

98.8
99.4
100.1
100.8
101.6
102.5
103.3
104.3
105.1
105.9
106.7
107.6
108.4

1 Employer costs for employee benefits.
NOTE.—The employment cost index is a measure of the change in the cost of labor, free
from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries.
Data exclude farm and household workers.

98.8
99.7
100.3
100.8
101.6
102.5
103.4
103.1
104.2
105.0
105.8
106.4
106.9

0.6
.7
.7
.6
.8
.9
.8
.7
.8
.8
.9
.8
.6

3.5
3.5
4.2
4.1
3.1
4.0
3.8
2.9
3.2
3.0

3.9
3.6
3.8
3.8
2.6
3.1
2.6
2.5
3.2
3.3

2.5
3.4
5.6
5.2
4.2
6.5
6.7
4.0
3.1
2.4

Not seasonally adjusted
0.5
.6
.7
.7
.8
.9
.8
1.0
.8
.8
.8
.8
.7

0.8
.9
.6
.5
.8
.9
.9
¥.3
1.1
.8
.8
.6
.5

3.1
2.9
2.9
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.0
3.2
3.0

2.5
2.3
2.5
2.4
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.6
3.3
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.1

4.7
4.5
4.0
3.0
2.7
2.8
3.1
2.2
2.6
2.4
2.4
3.2
2.6

Data beginning 2001 are based on the 2002 North American Industry Classification
(NAICS); data prior to 2001 are based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). For
details on industry classification and other details see Employment Cost Index, release dated
April 28, 2006.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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ECOIND

PRODUCTIVITY AND RELATED DATA, BUSINESS SECTOR
Output per hour of
all persons
Period
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Output 1
Business
sector

Hours of all
persons 2

Nonfarm
business
sector

Business
sector

Compensation per
hour 3

Nonfarm
business
sector

Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Real compensation
per hour 4
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Unit labor
costs
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Implicit price
deflator 5
Business
sector

Nonfarm
business
sector

Indexes, 1992=100; quarterly data seasonally adjusted
1998 ........................
1999 ........................
2000 ........................
2001 ........................
2002 ........................
2003 ........................
2004 ........................
2005 r .......................
2006 r .......................
2007 r .....................
2005: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2006: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2007: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2008: I r .................
II * ................

109.5
112.8
116.1
119.1
123.9
128.7
132.4
134.8
136.1
138.2
134.3
134.2
135.6
135.3
136.1
136.6
135.9
135.9
135.9
137.6
139.7
139.7
140.5
142.0

109.4
112.5
115.7
118.6
123.5
128.0
131.6
133.9
135.2
137.1
133.3
133.4
134.6
134.2
135.1
135.7
135.0
135.0
135.0
136.4
138.3
138.6
139.5
141.0

128.6
135.2
140.5
141.0
143.1
147.5
153.7
159.1
163.9
167.3
157.1
158.4
160.2
160.6
162.8
164.0
164.1
164.8
164.5
166.8
169.0
168.8
169.1
170.4

128.9
135.6
140.8
141.3
143.4
147.8
153.9
159.2
164.2
167.5
157.3
158.4
160.3
160.8
163.2
164.3
164.4
165.0
164.7
167.0
169.2
168.9
169.3
170.7

117.5
119.8
121.0
118.4
115.4
114.6
116.1
118.0
120.4
121.0
117.0
118.0
118.2
118.8
119.6
120.1
120.8
121.2
121.0
121.2
121.0
120.8
120.3
120.0

117.9
120.5
121.7
119.2
116.1
115.4
117.0
118.9
121.5
122.2
118.0
118.8
119.1
119.8
120.8
121.1
121.8
122.2
122.0
122.4
122.3
121.9
121.4
121.1

119.9
125.8
134.7
140.3
145.3
151.2
156.9
163.2
169.5
176.5
161.2
161.6
164.1
165.8
168.0
168.1
169.0
172.6
174.7
175.5
177.0
178.9
180.6
182.3

119.6
125.2
134.2
139.5
144.6
150.4
155.9
162.2
168.4
175.3
160.0
160.8
163.2
164.7
166.8
167.1
167.9
171.7
173.7
174.1
175.5
177.8
179.5
181.1

105.2
108.1
112.0
113.5
115.7
117.7
119.0
119.7
120.4
121.9
120.1
119.5
119.6
119.6
120.7
119.7
119.1
122.1
122.4
121.6
121.9
121.7
121.5
121.2

104.9
107.6
111.6
112.8
115.1
117.1
118.2
119.0
119.6
121.1
119.2
118.9
118.9
118.8
119.8
118.9
118.3
121.4
121.8
120.7
120.8
120.9
120.8
120.4

109.5
111.5
116.0
117.9
117.3
117.5
118.5
121.0
124.5
127.7
120.0
120.4
121.1
122.6
123.5
123.1
124.3
127.0
128.5
127.5
126.7
128.1
128.5
128.4

109.3
111.3
116.0
117.7
117.1
117.5
118.5
121.1
124.6
127.9
120.0
120.5
121.2
122.7
123.5
123.2
124.4
127.1
128.7
127.7
126.9
128.3
128.7
128.5

109.7
110.7
112.7
114.9
116.1
117.8
120.8
124.6
128.3
131.4
123.2
123.8
125.0
126.3
127.2
128.0
128.8
129.4
130.7
131.2
131.6
132.2
132.9
133.2

109.9
111.1
113.3
115.4
116.7
118.3
121.1
125.1
129.1
131.7
123.7
124.3
125.6
126.9
127.9
128.8
129.5
130.0
131.1
131.5
131.8
132.5
133.2
133.5

3.1
1.8
4.2
1.4
¥.5
.3
.9
2.2
2.8
2.7
¥1.0
.5
4.4
4.7
¥.5
1.6
2.4
4.9
2.6
¥1.1
4.1
9.1
4.9
¥3.2
¥2.4
4.5
1.2
¥.5

0.6
.9
1.8
2.0
1.0
1.5
2.6
3.1
3.0
2.4
3.4
3.6
1.8
3.5
3.6
2.0
4.1
4.1
3.0
2.6
2.4
1.9
4.0
1.7
1.1
2.0
2.0
.9

0.7
1.1
1.9
1.9
1.1
1.3
2.4
3.4
3.1
2.1
3.4
3.0
2.4
3.8
3.9
2.2
4.3
4.2
3.1
2.9
2.1
1.5
3.4
1.5
.9
2.1
2.1
.9

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates
1998 ........................
1999 ........................
2000 ........................
2001 ........................
2002 ........................
2003 ........................
2004 ........................
2005 r .......................
2006 r .......................
2007 r .......................
2004: I ...................
II .................
III ................
IV ................
2005: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2006: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2007: I r ..................
II r ................
III r ...............
IV r ...............
2008: I r .................
II * ................

2.8
3.1
2.9
2.5
4.1
3.8
2.9
1.8
.9
1.5
2.4
3.7
1.2
2.1
2.8
¥.3
4.1
¥1.0
2.6
1.4
¥2.0
.2
¥.1
5.0
6.2
.1
2.3
4.3

2.8
2.9
2.8
2.5
4.1
3.7
2.8
1.8
1.0
1.4
.9
4.5
1.1
.6
3.2
.3
3.7
¥1.1
2.5
1.8
¥2.1
.2
.0
4.1
5.8
.8
2.6
4.3

4.8
5.1
3.9
.3
1.5
3.1
4.2
3.5
3.0
2.0
3.7
4.4
4.0
3.0
3.7
3.2
4.8
1.0
5.6
2.9
.3
1.7
¥.7
5.6
5.5
¥.6
.7
3.2

5.0
5.2
3.8
.4
1.5
3.1
4.1
3.4
3.2
2.0
2.6
5.0
3.8
2.6
3.7
2.9
4.8
1.3
6.0
2.9
.3
1.4
¥.9
5.8
5.5
¥.7
.9
3.4

2.0
2.0
1.0
¥2.2
¥2.5
¥.7
1.3
1.6
2.1
.5
1.2
.7
2.7
.9
.9
3.5
.6
1.9
3.0
1.5
2.4
1.5
¥.6
.6
¥.7
¥.7
¥1.6
¥1.0

2.1
2.2
1.0
¥2.0
¥2.6
¥.6
1.3
1.6
2.2
.5
1.7
.4
2.8
2.1
.5
2.6
1.0
2.5
3.3
1.1
2.4
1.2
¥.8
1.6
¥.3
¥1.6
¥1.7
¥.8

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1 Output refers to real gross domestic product originating in the sector.
2 Hours of all persons engaged in the sector, including hours of proprietors and unpaid family
workers. Estimates based primarily on establishment data.
3 Wages and salaries of employees plus employers’ contributions for social insurance and private benefit plans. Also includes an estimate of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for
the self-employed.
4 Hourly compensation divided by the consumer price index for all urban consumers (CPI–
U) for recent quarters. The trend from 1978–2007 is based on the consumer price index research series (CPI–U–RS).
5 Current dollar gross domestic output divided by the output index.

6.1
4.9
7.1
4.2
3.5
4.1
3.8
4.0
3.8
4.2
.6
4.8
5.4
6.4
2.3
1.0
6.5
4.2
5.5
.2
2.0
9.0
4.8
1.9
3.6
4.4
3.6
4.0

6.0
4.7
7.2
4.0
3.6
4.0
3.6
4.0
3.8
4.1
¥.1
5.0
5.5
5.3
2.8
1.9
6.2
3.7
5.2
.7
1.9
9.3
4.9
.8
3.3
5.3
3.8
3.7

4.6
2.8
3.6
1.4
1.9
1.8
1.0
.6
.5
1.3
¥2.7
1.7
2.5
2.2
.6
¥1.8
.2
.1
3.6
¥3.3
¥1.9
10.6
1.1
¥2.6
.8
¥.6
¥.6
¥1.0

4.5
2.6
3.7
1.1
2.0
1.8
.9
.7
.5
1.3
¥3.4
1.8
2.5
1.1
1.0
¥.9
¥.1
¥.3
3.3
¥2.8
¥2.0
11.0
1.2
¥3.6
.5
.3
¥.4
¥1.3

3.2
1.8
4.1
1.6
¥.5
.2
.9
2.1
2.9
2.6
¥1.7
1.1
4.1
4.3
¥.4
1.3
2.3
5.2
2.8
¥1.2
4.1
8.8
4.8
¥2.9
¥2.5
4.3
1.3
¥.4

NOTE.—Data relate to all persons engaged in the sector.
Percent changes are from preceding period and are based on original data; they therefore
may differ slightly from percent changes based on indexes shown here.
Data reflect annual revisions; for details, see Productivity and Costs release dated August
8, 2008.
* Data based on GDP data released on August 28, 2008.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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ECOIND

PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CAPACITY UTILIZATION
Industrial production and capacity utilization rose in July.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Total industrial production 1
Percent
Period

From
preceding
month

From
year
earlier

Capacity utilization
rate
(output as percent
of capacity) 1

Manufacturing

Total 1

Durable

Nondurable

Other
(nonNAICS) 1

Mining

Utilities
Total
industry

Total
manufacturing

.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................

95.4
99.5
103.7
100.1
100.0
101.2
103.8
107.2
109.6
111.4

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

5.9
4.3
4.2
¥3.4
¥.1
1.2
2.5
3.3
2.2
1.7

95.1
99.9
104.4
100.1
100.0
101.3
104.2
108.4
111.1
112.9

90.2
97.8
105.2
100.5
100.0
102.7
106.9
112.7
117.9
121.0

101.0
101.7
102.2
98.9
100.0
100.1
102.0
104.8
105.6
106.6

107.8
110.9
112.6
105.7
100.0
97.1
97.9
98.5
94.3
92.9

107.2
101.6
104.2
104.8
100.0
100.2
99.6
98.3
101.4
101.4

92.0
94.7
97.4
97.0
100.0
101.9
103.3
105.5
104.8
108.2

82.8
81.9
81.8
76.3
74.8
76.0
78.0
80.2
80.9
81.0

81.8
80.7
80.1
73.9
72.8
74.0
76.3
78.6
79.4
79.4

2007: July .............
Aug .............
Sept ............
Oct ..............
Nov .............
Dec .............

112.0
112.0
112.3
111.8
112.3
112.4

0.6
.0
.3
¥.4
.4
.1

1.7
1.6
2.2
1.9
2.5
2.0

114.1
113.6
114.0
113.5
113.8
113.8

122.9
122.4
122.4
122.2
122.9
122.8

107.1
106.6
107.3
106.7
106.6
106.8

93.2
92.8
93.2
92.2
91.7
91.9

101.5
101.2
101.3
101.3
102.9
103.9

105.6
109.3
109.0
108.4
109.1
108.2

81.4
81.2
81.3
80.8
81.1
81.0

80.1
79.6
79.8
79.2
79.3
79.2

2008: Jan .............
Feb r ............
Mar r ............
Apr r ............
May r ...........
June r ..........
July p ...........

112.6
112.3
112.0
111.3
111.1
111.6
111.8

.2
¥.3
¥.2
¥.6
¥.2
.4
.2

2.5
1.6
1.4
.4
.2
.2
¥.1

113.8
113.1
113.2
112.2
112.3
112.4
112.8

122.9
122.2
122.4
120.5
120.4
121.1
121.9

106.8
106.0
106.2
105.9
106.2
105.8
106.1

91.3
91.2
91.0
89.3
88.9
88.4
87.3

103.2
103.6
103.9
103.9
103.9
104.8
105.8

110.8
112.6
108.7
110.4
107.9
110.3
108.3

81.0
80.3
80.5
79.8
79.6
79.8
79.9

79.1
78.4
78.5
77.6
77.5
77.5
77.7

1 Total industry and total manufacturing series include manufacturing as defined in the
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) plus those industries—logging and
newspaper, periodical, book and directory-publishing—that have traditionally been included in
manufacturing.
2 Percent changes based on unrounded indexes.

NOTE.—Data based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) except
series as defined in footnote 1.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

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G:\graphics\eecoind.017

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Index,
2002=100

Industry production indexes, 2002=100

change 2

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION—MAJOR MARKET GROUPS AND
SELECTED MANUFACTURES
[2002=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Products and nonindustrial supplies

Materials

Final products

Nonindustrial supplies

Consumer goods

Equipment

Durable
goods

Business
equipment

Period
Total
Total

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................

Nondurable
goods

Total 1

Defense
and
space
equipment

Total

Construction
supplies

Business
supplies

Total 1

Energy

97.2
99.9
103.0
101.0
100.0
101.2
103.4
107.7
110.5
112.8

95.5
97.5
99.4
98.2
100.0
101.3
102.6
105.5
105.8
107.5

89.7
96.3
99.2
94.8
100.0
103.2
104.3
104.9
103.6
103.2

98.1
98.0
99.5
99.5
100.0
100.5
101.9
105.5
106.4
108.8

101.7
105.9
111.8
107.8
100.0
100.9
105.3
113.6
123.1
127.1

100.6
106.5
114.8
108.2
100.0
99.7
104.9
112.6
124.3
128.4

105.0
102.1
92.1
100.3
100.0
106.3
105.5
116.6
112.9
117.1

97.2
100.8
104.7
100.4
100.0
101.1
103.3
107.1
108.3
107.9

99.8
102.4
104.7
100.1
100.0
99.6
101.8
106.4
108.8
106.0

96.2
100.3
104.7
100.5
100.0
101.7
103.9
107.4
108.1
108.7

92.9
98.6
103.9
99.2
100.0
101.3
104.3
106.8
109.2
111.3

100.4
99.9
101.5
100.3
100.0
100.0
99.6
98.4
99.9
101.6

.................................................
..................................................
.................................................
..................................................
..................................................
..................................................

113.7
113.4
114.0
113.0
113.3
113.5

108.2
107.9
108.4
107.3
107.4
107.4

105.8
104.6
103.5
102.4
102.9
102.7

108.9
108.9
109.9
108.8
108.8
108.8

128.3
128.0
128.9
128.1
128.9
129.8

129.6
129.4
130.5
129.9
130.2
131.2

118.1
117.9
118.4
118.3
120.2
119.9

108.2
108.3
108.4
107.9
107.9
107.6

107.4
107.1
106.6
105.4
104.5
104.2

108.5
108.7
109.1
108.8
109.2
108.9

111.8
112.0
112.0
112.2
113.0
113.1

100.8
102.1
101.6
102.5
103.3
104.1

2008: Jan ..................................................
Feb r .................................................
Mar r ................................................
Apr r .................................................
May r ................................................
June r ...............................................
July p ................................................

114.0
113.8
113.1
112.1
112.0
112.8
113.2

108.0
107.9
106.7
106.0
105.8
106.7
107.0

101.1
100.0
97.8
94.2
94.7
97.2
98.2

110.1
110.4
109.5
109.6
109.2
109.6
109.7

130.0
129.5
130.3
128.6
128.9
129.3
130.1

131.4
131.1
132.0
129.5
129.8
130.1
131.1

120.9
119.6
119.5
119.4
118.8
119.7
120.4

107.7
107.2
106.7
106.3
106.0
106.0
105.7

103.6
102.3
102.3
101.3
101.7
101.5
101.7

109.3
109.2
108.5
108.3
107.8
107.8
107.2

113.0
112.6
112.8
112.4
112.1
112.5
112.7

104.2
104.5
104.3
104.5
103.9
104.6
104.8

2007: July
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec

1 Includes

other items, not shown separately.

[2002=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Durable manufactures
Primary metals
Period
Total

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................
............................................................

Iron
and
steel
products

Nondurable manufactures

Computer and electronic products

Fabricated
metal
products

Machinery
Total

Selected
hightechnology 1

Transportation
equipment

Total

Motor
vehicles
and
parts

Apparel

Printing
and
support

Chemical

Food

115.2
115.1
111.4
99.4
100.0
99.1
110.0
108.0
112.4
110.3

111.2
111.9
110.8
96.8
100.0
101.2
118.2
110.1
119.5
115.7

105.8
106.4
110.7
102.6
100.0
98.7
98.9
103.5
109.1
112.0

114.4
112.0
117.7
104.2
100.0
99.7
103.8
110.2
115.5
116.0

59.2
77.2
101.3
103.6
100.0
113.8
129.0
143.5
164.6
183.4

49.1
70.0
98.4
101.7
100.0
119.7
136.5
157.2
190.6
224.4

99.2
104.5
99.7
96.2
100.0
101.0
100.7
104.6
104.2
106.2

90.6
100.5
99.9
91.4
100.0
103.5
103.7
103.9
100.2
97.2

162.5
155.6
148.0
126.9
100.0
92.8
79.8
77.0
75.4
75.7

111.5
112.4
113.1
106.3
100.0
96.2
96.9
99.0
99.5
99.8

91.8
93.6
95.0
93.3
100.0
101.3
105.6
109.3
112.6
114.2

95.0
96.0
97.7
97.7
100.0
101.0
101.1
104.2
105.4
110.1

.................................................
..................................................
.................................................
..................................................
..................................................
..................................................

113.2
111.4
109.2
110.0
111.0
112.9

117.6
116.6
112.8
116.0
118.3
121.6

112.6
112.8
113.2
113.1
113.7
113.1

117.4
116.2
118.0
116.4
115.4
114.6

185.6
186.5
188.3
192.8
196.2
198.1

229.2
231.1
234.6
243.2
247.5
250.6

108.9
108.1
106.9
105.9
106.9
106.6

100.8
99.3
96.6
95.1
95.8
95.5

76.2
75.2
74.4
73.6
73.4
75.1

98.4
99.1
99.6
98.9
99.4
99.0

114.5
114.2
115.0
114.5
114.7
114.6

111.4
110.5
111.7
111.2
111.3
112.0

2008: Jan ..................................................
Feb r .................................................
Mar r ................................................
Apr r .................................................
May r ................................................
June r ...............................................
July p ................................................

115.2
114.1
112.8
111.2
109.1
110.2
111.0

121.7
124.6
119.5
118.3
114.0
114.9
117.4

113.4
113.5
113.6
112.8
111.9
110.9
110.5

115.2
114.1
115.9
112.2
112.2
112.1
112.9

198.5
202.2
205.7
207.9
208.2
209.1
209.2

251.6
257.0
263.4
267.5
266.9
268.3
269.0

105.9
104.5
101.5
97.4
97.6
100.8
103.2

93.9
93.0
88.6
82.7
83.2
87.2
90.3

74.2
73.6
72.3
71.7
70.3
70.9
70.7

98.4
97.3
98.4
97.4
97.0
94.2
92.9

114.6
113.6
113.1
112.9
113.5
113.3
113.7

112.2
112.0
113.6
113.1
112.5
112.5
112.4

2007: July
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1 Computers and peripheral equipment, communications equipment, and semiconductors and
related electronic components.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

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ECOIND

NEW CONSTRUCTION
[Billions of dollars; monthly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Private
Period

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Total new
construction expenditures

Residential
Total

New
housing

Total 1

Federal
and
State
and
local

Nonresidential
Total

Lodging

Commercial
(including
farm)

Office

Manufacturing

Other 2

....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................
....................................

688.5
744.6
802.8
840.2
847.9
891.5
991.6
1,102.7
1,167.6
1,137.2

533.7
575.5
621.4
638.3
634.4
675.4
771.4
868.5
912.2
850.0

296.3
326.3
346.1
364.4
396.7
446.0
532.9
611.9
613.7
492.5

224.0
251.3
265.0
279.4
298.8
345.7
417.5
480.8
468.8
353.4

237.4
249.2
275.3
273.9
237.7
229.3
238.5
256.6
298.4
357.5

14.8
16.0
16.3
14.5
10.5
9.9
12.0
12.7
17.6
27.5

40.4
45.1
52.4
49.7
35.3
30.6
32.9
37.3
45.7
53.4

55.7
59.4
64.1
63.6
59.0
57.5
63.2
66.6
73.4
85.0

40.5
35.1
37.6
37.8
22.7
21.4
23.7
29.9
35.1
42.2

86.0
93.7
104.9
108.2
110.2
109.9
106.8
110.2
126.7
149.4

154.8
169.1
181.3
201.9
213.4
216.1
220.2
234.2
255.4
287.1

2007: July .........................
Aug ..........................
Sept .........................
Oct ...........................
Nov ..........................
Dec ..........................

1,139.4
1,138.8
1,134.9
1,124.2
1,115.3
1,093.5

852.9
848.5
837.7
829.9
816.9
797.5

493.6
480.2
465.1
447.0
428.7
413.9

358.9
346.9
334.5
320.5
305.2
289.2

359.3
368.3
372.6
382.9
388.3
383.7

29.1
29.3
30.1
32.1
32.5
31.2

52.1
54.1
55.4
57.6
57.8
56.1

84.6
86.5
87.9
88.6
89.1
85.1

42.9
42.6
42.8
44.8
47.2
51.2

150.6
155.7
156.4
159.9
161.7
160.0

286.6
290.3
297.2
294.3
298.4
296.0

2008: Jan ..........................
Feb ..........................
Mar ..........................
Apr ...........................
May r ........................
June r .......................
July p ........................

1,085.4
1,075.3
1,090.5
1,085.2
1,088.3
1,091.3
1,084.4

794.6
783.7
789.6
783.7
784.1
785.9
774.6

404.9
392.0
391.6
383.5
371.4
366.1
357.8

277.2
258.8
256.4
247.9
243.9
237.5
230.5

389.7
391.6
398.0
400.2
412.8
419.8
416.8

31.5
32.5
33.7
35.9
37.8
39.0
39.0

58.4
57.0
57.3
57.7
57.8
58.2
59.2

86.7
87.0
86.9
87.5
85.6
83.9
84.3

48.8
49.5
51.1
52.0
63.3
70.4
66.9

164.3
165.7
169.0
167.2
168.2
168.2
167.4

290.8
291.6
300.8
301.5
304.1
305.4
309.7

1 Includes residential improvements, not shown separately.
2 Includes health care, educational, communication, and power, among other categories not
shown separately.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

NEW PRIVATE HOUSING AND VACANCY RATES
[Thousands of units or houses, except as noted]
New private housing units
Period
Total
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................
......................................

New private houses

Units started, by type of structure

1,616.9
1,640.9
1,568.7
1,602.7
1,704.9
1,847.7
1,955.8
2,068.3
1,800.9
1,355.0

2–4 units 1

1 unit
1,271.4
1,302.4
1,230.9
1,273.3
1,358.6
1,499.0
1,610.5
1,715.8
1,465.4
1,046.0

5 units or
more

42.6
31.9
38.7
36.6
38.5
33.5
42.3
41.1
42.7
31.7

302.9
306.6
299.1
292.8
307.9
315.2
303.0
311.4
292.8
277.3

Units
authorized
1,612.3
1,663.5
1,592.3
1,636.7
1,747.7
1,889.2
4 2,070.1
2,155.3
1,838.9
1,398.4

Units
completed

Houses
sold

Houses for
sale at end
of period 2

Vacancy rate
for rental
housing units
(percent) 3

1,474.2
1,604.9
1,573.7
1,570.8
1,648.4
1,678.7
1,841.9
1,931.4
1,979.4
1,502.8

886
880
877
908
973
1,086
1,203
1,283
1,051
776

294
308
298
308
339
370
422
511
536
494

7.9
8.1
8.0
8.4
8.9
9.8
10.2
9.8
9.7
9.8

Seasonally adjusted annual rates
2007: July ...........................
Aug ............................
Sept ...........................
Oct .............................
Nov ............................
Dec ...........................

1,371
1,337
1,185
1,275
1,179
1,000

1,055
968
936
884
816
779

40
37
29
40
21
10

276
332
220
351
342
211

1,386
1,343
1,277
1,182
1,187
1,111

1,515
1,498
1,378
1,401
1,404
1,329

796
702
694
723
629
600

539
533
528
513
502
494

......................
......................
9.8
......................
......................
9.6

2008: Jan ............................
Feb ............................
Mar ............................
Apr .............................
May r ..........................
June r .........................
July p ..........................

1,064
1,107
988
1,004
982
1,084
965

750
722
711
681
682
660
641

27
29
16
15
20
20
15

287
356
261
308
280
404
309

1,052
981
932
982
978
1,138
937

1,331
1,251
1,192
1,033
1,144
1,134
1,035

597
572
513
542
514
503
515

484
477
469
r463
455
439
416

......................
......................
10.1
......................
......................
10.0
......................

1 Derived;

seasonally adjusted monthly data for 2–4 units are no longer published.
adjusted.
series. Quarterly data entered in last month of quarter.
4 Based on 20,000 permit-issuing places. Based on 19,000 places, the total for 2004 is
2,052.1 thousand units.
2 Seasonally

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

3 Revised

NOTE.—Beginning 2004, units authorized are for 20,000 permit-issuing places. For other
data shown, units authorized are for 19,000 places.
Beginning 1999, housing starts, completions, and sales are not directly comparable with earlier data due to new estimation methods.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

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ECOIND

BUSINESS SALES AND INVENTORIES—Manufacturing and Trade
In June, according to current estimates, manufacturing and trade sales rose 1.8 percent and inventories rose
$11.1 billion. According to advance estimates, retail sales fell 0.1 percent in July. Retail and food services sales
also fell 0.1 percent.

[Millions of dollars, except ratios; seasonally adjusted, except as noted]

Manufacturing and trade 1

Sales 2

Inventories 3

..............................................................
..............................................................
..............................................................
..............................................................
..............................................................
..............................................................
..............................................................
..............................................................
..............................................................
..............................................................

742,837
786,634
834,325
818,615
823,714
853,596
923,319
1,001,315
1,068,026
1,113,787

1,078,740
1,138,805
1,197,597
1,120,025
1,140,083
1,146,695
1,238,037
1,305,227
1,390,428
1,443,837

2007: June r .................................................
July r ..................................................
Aug ....................................................
Sept ...................................................
Oct .....................................................
Nov ....................................................
Dec ....................................................

1,110,106
1,123,124
1,117,460
1,124,287
1,131,917
1,153,365
1,144,800

1,411,042
1,417,346
1,421,446
1,428,075
1,430,592
1,435,815
1,443,837

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Inventorysales
ratio 4

Sales 2

Inventories 3

1.43
1.40
1.41
1.42
1.36
1.34
1.30
1.27
1.27
1.27

202,260
216,597
234,546
232,096
236,294
246,857
274,710
298,803
325,749
353,663

272,406
290,171
309,071
297,199
300,791
306,032
335,935
360,411
390,350
411,955

1.27
1.26
1.27
1.27
1.26
1.24
1.26

351,429
353,796
356,747
362,515
364,887
373,884
371,569

398,126
399,757
401,695
404,863
405,003
407,837
411,955

Retail
Inventory
sales
ratio 4

page 21 for manufacturing.
data are averages of monthly not seasonally adjusted figures; monthly data are seasonally adjusted totals for month.
3 Seasonally adjusted, end of period.
2 Annual

1.31
1.30
1.29
1.32
1.25
1.22
1.17
1.17
1.16
1.13

215,592
234,046
249,063
255,644
261,194
272,123
289,528
307,338
323,947
336,701

357,269
385,009
406,853
394,713
416,159
432,359
461,405
471,956
488,591
501,218

1.62
1.59
1.59
1.58
1.55
1.56
1.56
1.51
1.49
1.47

238,278
257,797
274,518
282,131
288,845
301,264
320,526
340,141
358,978
373,556

1.13
1.13
1.13
1.12
1.11
1.09
1.11

335,739
337,572
337,278
339,547
339,407
343,926
340,168

494,960
498,945
501,694
501,217
502,812
501,539
501,218

1.47
1.48
1.49
1.48
1.48
1.46
1.47

372,603
374,758
374,336
376,820
376,802
381,280
377,909

342,378 503,313
1.47
340,599 502,744
1.48
342,367
499,972
1.46
342,733 501,054
1.46
345,425 499,667
1.45
r346,645
499,353
1.44
346,238 ................ ................

380,019
378,106
380,020
380,788
383,769
r385,102
384,631

4 Annual data are averages of seasonally adjusted monthly ratios.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

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Retail and
food services
sales 2

Inventories 3

2008: Jan .................................................... 1,160,251 1,457,953
1.26 380,230 417,143
1.10
Feb .................................................... 1,148,347 1,464,497
1.28 378,217 421,078
1.11
Mar .................................................... 1,161,817 1,467,463
1.26 385,072 421,700
1.10
Apr ..................................................... 1,179,814 1,474,247
1.25 391,050 427,560
1.09
May r .................................................. 1,192,681 1,479,765
1.24 399,845 431,273
1.08
June p ................................................. 1,213,746 1,490,832
1.23 411,228 435,852
1.06
July p .................................................. .................. .................. ................ ................ ................ ................
1 See

Inventory
sales
ratio 4

Sales 2

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Period

Wholesale

MANUFACTURERS’ SHIPMENTS, INVENTORIES, AND ORDERS
In July, manufacturers’ shipments, inventories, new and unfilled orders rose.

Manufacturers’ shipments 1

Manufacturers’ inventories 2

Manufacturers’ new orders 1
Durable goods

Period
Total

Durable
goods

Nondurable
goods

Durable
goods

Total

Nondurable
goods

Total
Total

Capital
goods
industries,
nondefense

Manufacturers’
unfilled
orders 2

Manufacturers’
inventory—
shipments
ratio 3

Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted, except as noted
324,984
335,991
350,715
330,875
326,227
334,616
359,081
395,173
418,330
423,423
431,756
423,435
422,225
427,623
435,555
433,063
437,643
429,531
434,378
446,031
447,411
455,873
465,281

185,966
193,895
197,807
181,201
176,968
178,549
188,722
202,070
213,408
213,572
219,187
215,802
212,453
213,240
212,950
211,274
215,917
211,772
209,778
213,591
211,049
212,947
219,429

139,019
142,096
152,908
149,674
149,259
156,067
170,359
193,103
204,923
209,851
212,569
207,633
209,772
214,383
222,605
221,789
221,726
217,759
224,600
232,440
236,362
242,926
245,852

449,065
463,625
481,673
428,113
423,133
408,304
440,697
472,860
511,487
530,664
518,644
518,057
521,995
522,777
526,439
530,664
537,497
540,675
545,791
545,633
548,825
555,627
558,210

1 Annual data are averages of monthly not seasonally adjusted figures; monthly data are seasonally adjusted totals for month. Shipments are the same as sales.
2 Seasonally adjusted, end of period.
3 Annual data are averages of seasonally adjusted monthly ratios.
NOTE.—Manufacturers’ nondurable new orders (not shown) are the same as nondurable shipments. Also, there are no unfilled nondurable orders; data shown for total unfilled orders are
durable unfilled orders.

290,700
296,553
306,727
267,829
260,582
246,963
265,070
283,598
309,914
320,757
313,495
313,236
314,636
315,650
317,534
320,757
322,384
323,841
327,066
328,911
330,426
333,127
335,783

158,365
167,072
174,946
160,284
162,551
161,341
175,627
189,262
201,573
209,907
205,149
204,821
207,359
207,127
208,905
209,907
215,113
216,834
218,725
216,722
218,399
222,500
222,427

317,345
329,770
346,789
322,746
316,809
330,369
354,619
395,401
419,793
427,597
442,069
426,512
425,399
430,254
437,808
445,917
435,415
433,860
440,216
445,915
450,033
459,576
465,426

178,327
187,674
193,881
173,072
167,550
174,302
184,261
202,298
214,871
217,746
229,500
218,879
215,627
215,871
215,203
224,128
213,689
216,101
215,616
213,475
213,671
216,650
219,574

62,133
64,392
69,278
58,246
51,817
52,894
56,094
65,770
71,725
74,288
80,464
70,219
74,677
72,501
75,585
78,238
73,271
74,408
75,431
73,609
73,639
71,958
76,466

496,083
505,498
549,445
514,349
462,122
477,608
496,343
572,835
660,406
773,297
724,733
732,889
740,534
748,304
755,712
773,297
777,859
786,860
797,114
802,972
810,293
818,023
824,056

1.39
1.35
1.35
1.38
1.28
1.24
1.19
1.17
1.19
1.23
1.20
1.22
1.24
1.22
1.21
1.23
1.23
1.26
1.26
1.22
1.23
1.22
1.20

Total and durable shipments and inventories include data on semiconductors; new and unfilled orders do not.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

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1998 ....................................................
1999 ....................................................
2000 ....................................................
2001 ....................................................
2002 ....................................................
2003 ....................................................
2004 ....................................................
2005 ....................................................
2006 ....................................................
2007 .....................................................
2007: July ..........................................
Aug ..........................................
Sept ..........................................
Oct ...........................................
Nov ..........................................
Dec ...........................................
2008: Jan ...........................................
Feb ...........................................
Mar ..........................................
Apr ...........................................
May ..........................................
June r ........................................
July p ........................................

PRICES
PRODUCER PRICES
The producer price index for all finished goods rose 1.2 percent in July. Prices of finished consumer foods rose
0.3 percent, while prices of other finished consumer goods rose 1.6 percent. Capital equipment prices rose 0.8
percent.

[1982=100; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Finished goods
Total
finished
goods

Finished goods excluding consumer foods
Consumer
foods

Consumer goods
Total

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

Total

1998 ...........................
1999 ..........................
2000 ...........................
2001 ...........................
2002 ..........................
2003 ..........................
2004 ..........................
2005 ..........................
2006 ..........................
2007 ..........................
2007: July ...............
Aug ................
Sept ...............
Oct .................
Nov ................
Dec ................
2008: Jan ................
Feb ................
Mar r ...............
Apr ................
May ...............
June ..............
July ................
1 Intermediate

130.7
133.0
138.0
140.7
138.9
143.3
148.5
155.7
160.4
166.6
167.5
166.1
167.0
167.9
172.3
171.4
173.4
174.0
175.6
176.1
178.5
181.7
183.9

134.3
135.1
137.2
141.3
140.1
145.9
152.7
155.7
156.7
167.0
166.0
166.0
167.9
170.0
169.7
171.9
174.9
173.8
176.2
176.0
177.4
180.1
180.6

129.5
132.3
138.1
140.4
138.3
142.4
147.2
155.5
161.0
166.2
167.6
165.8
166.4
167.0
172.7
171.0
172.7
173.8
175.1
175.8
178.5
181.9
184.5

126.4
130.5
138.4
141.4
138.8
144.7
150.9
161.9
169.2
175.6
177.6
175.1
175.9
176.8
184.8
182.4
184.6
186.0
188.0
188.4
192.5
197.5
200.7

Durable

Nondurable

132.9
133.0
133.9
134.0
133.0
133.1
135.0
136.6
136.9
138.3
138.8
138.6
138.4
138.2
139.0
138.7
139.3
139.7
139.5
140.8
140.3
140.7
141.6

materials for food manufacturing and feeds.

122.2
127.9
138.7
142.8
139.8
148.4
156.6
172.0
182.6
191.7
194.5
190.9
192.3
193.6
204.9
201.5
204.5
206.4
209.5
209.4
215.9
223.3
227.7

Capital
equipment

137.6
137.6
138.8
139.7
139.1
139.5
141.4
144.6
146.9
149.5
149.7
149.7
149.7
149.8
150.4
150.3
151.0
151.6
151.6
152.5
152.7
153.1
154.3

128.9
132.0
138.2
141.5
139.4
145.3
151.7
160.4
166.0
173.5
174.6
172.8
173.9
175.1
180.8
179.7
182.1
182.8
184.9
185.2
188.5
192.8
195.2

Crude materials

Total

Foods
and
feeds 1

Other

Total

Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs

Other

123.0
123.2
129.2
129.7
127.8
133.7
142.6
154.0
164.0
170.7
172.5
170.9
170.9
171.9
176.9
177.2
179.3
180.9
185.2
186.5
192.0
196.1
201.4

116.2
111.1
111.7
115.9
115.5
125.9
137.1
133.8
135.2
154.4
155.2
155.8
157.9
159.8
162.0
165.2
171.0
175.1
180.4
178.8
184.5
186.4
193.9

123.4
123.9
130.1
130.5
128.5
134.2
143.0
155.1
165.4
171.5
173.4
171.7
171.6
172.6
177.7
177.8
179.7
181.2
185.5
187.0
192.4
196.6
201.8

96.8
98.2
120.6
121.0
108.1
135.3
159.0
182.2
184.8
207.1
209.2
201.8
203.7
211.9
226.3
230.3
236.9
246.2
262.6
274.6
293.1
303.8
316.5

103.9
98.7
100.2
106.1
99.5
113.5
127.0
122.7
119.3
146.7
148.0
145.7
149.7
149.4
153.8
160.2
165.1
167.0
170.6
167.9
170.9
176.8
177.0

88.4
94.3
130.4
126.8
111.4
148.2
179.2
223.4
230.6
246.3
249.0
237.7
237.7
252.6
274.8
276.3
283.8
299.6
327.1
349.1
384.7
399.1
423.1

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Period

Intermediate materials
Total
finished
consumer
goods

CONSUMER PRICES—ALL URBAN CONSUMERS
In July, the consumer price index for all urban consumers rose 0.8 percent seasonally adjusted; it rose 0.5 percent
not seasonally adjusted. The index was 5.6 percent above its year-earlier level.

[1982–84=100, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
All items 1

Housing

Transportation

Shelter

All
items
less
food
and
energy

Not
seasonally
adjusted
(NSA)

Seasonally
adjusted

Rel. imp.3 ...............
1998 .......................
1999 .......................
2000 .......................
2001 .......................
2002 .......................
2003 .......................
2004 .......................
2005 .......................
2006 .......................
2007 .......................

100.0
163.0
166.6
172.2
177.1
179.9
184.0
188.9
195.3
201.6
207.342

..............
13.8
42.4
32.6
5.8
..............
160.7
160.4
182.1
172.1
..............
164.1
163.9
187.3
177.5
..............
167.8
169.6
193.4
183.9
..............
173.1
176.4
200.6
192.1
..............
176.2
180.3
208.1
199.7
..............
180.0
184.8
213.1
205.5
..............
186.2
189.5
218.8
211.0
..............
190.7
195.7
224.4
217.3
..............
195.2
203.2
232.1
225.1
.............. 202.916 209.586 240.611 234.679

23.9
5.1
3.7
17.7
5.5
6.2
187.8
128.5
133.0
141.6
92.2
242.1
192.9
128.8
131.3
144.4
100.7
250.6
198.7
137.9
129.6
153.3
129.3
260.8
206.3
150.2
127.3
154.3
124.7
272.8
214.7
143.6
124.0
152.9
116.6
285.6
219.9
154.5
120.9
157.6
135.8
297.1
224.9
161.9
120.4
163.1
160.4
310.1
230.2
179.0
119.5
173.9
195.7
323.2
238.2
194.7
119.5
180.9
221.0
336.2
246.235 200.632 118.998 184.682 239.070 351.054

9.7
76.5
102.9
173.4
106.6
177.0
124.6
181.3
129.3
186.1
121.7
190.5
136.5
193.2
151.4
196.6
177.1
200.9
196.9
205.9
207.723 210.729

2007: July ...........
Aug ............
Sept ...........
Oct .............
Nov ............
Dec ............

208.299
207.917
208.490
208.936
210.177
210.036

207.708
207.749
208.509
209.055
210.930
211.680

203.353
204.256
205.250
205.636
206.414
206.584

209.942
210.056
210.607
211.110
211.861
212.409

241.032
241.472
242.236
242.635
243.295
243.974

234.894
235.422
236.108
237.122
238.050
238.925

246.252
246.828
247.487
248.045
248.790
249.425

201.124
200.014
200.600
202.591
204.915
205.615

118.711
118.141
118.336
118.430
119.125
119.240

185.336
184.306
185.564
186.134
192.718
194.653

242.062
235.860
241.292
243.617
272.290
279.928

351.547
353.207
354.536
356.384
357.745
358.861

209.359
205.743
208.523
210.690
225.218
229.076

210.926
211.265
211.737
212.115
212.626
213.103

2008: Jan ............
Feb ............
Mar ............
Apr ............
May ............
June ...........
July ............

211.080
211.693
213.528
214.823
216.632
218.815
219.964

212.516
212.571
213.301
213.743
215.132
217.403
219.181

208.026
208.778
209.255
211.232
211.918
213.542
215.545

212.920
213.313
214.204
214.850
215.876
216.918
218.267

244.744
244.837
245.200
245.335
245.822
246.612
247.090

239.745
240.191
240.763
241.489
241.919
242.837
243.535

250.051
250.413
250.941
251.461
251.656
252.299
252.610

205.567
208.175
212.311
216.921
222.094
226.160
233.540

119.759
119.352
117.819
118.363
118.043
118.107
119.574

195.722
194.390
195.797
194.483
198.465
205.915
209.358

283.011
277.448
281.996
276.571
292.243
321.618
334.732

360.815
361.168
361.697
362.243
362.801
363.618
363.852

230.633
229.390
233.839
233.804
244.107
260.316
270.602

213.765
213.851
214.176
214.398
214.832
215.526
216.230

Food
Total 1
Total 1

Rent
of primary
residence

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
fuels—gas (piped), electricity, fuel oil, etc.—and motor fuel. Motor oil, coolant,
etc. excluded beginning 1983.
2 Household

Fuels
and
utilities

Apparel

Total 1

Motor
fuel

Medical
care

Energy 2

3 Relative importance, December 2007.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Period

Owners’
equivalent
rent
(12/82=
100)

CHANGES IN PRODUCER PRICES FOR FINISHED GOODS
[Percent change from preceding period; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Change from preceding period
Period

Change from 3 months earlier, annual rate

Change from 6 months earlier, annual rate

Consumer goods

Consumer goods

Consumer goods

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Capital
equipment

Excluding
foods

Change
from year
earlier,
total
finished
goods
NSA

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Excluding
foods

Capital
equipment

Total
finished
goods

Foods

Excluding
foods

Capital
equipment

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................

Change, Dec. to Dec., NSA
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

0
2.9
3.6
¥1.6
1.2
4.0
4.2
5.4
1.1
6.2

¥0.1
5.1
5.5
¥3.9
2.9
4.1
5.5
8.8
.4
7.7

0.1
.8
1.7
1.8
¥.6
7.7
3.1
1.7
1.7
7.6

0
.3
1.2
0
¥.6
.8
2.4
1.2
2.3
1.4

¥0.8
1.8
3.8
2.0
¥1.3
3.2
3.6
4.8
3.0
3.9

Change, month to month
.......
........
.......
........
........
........

0.5
¥.8
.5
.5
2.6
¥.5

¥0.1
.0
1.1
1.3
¥.2
1.3

1.0
¥1.4
.5
.5
4.5
¥1.3

0.1
.0
.0
.1
.4
¥.1

4.9
¥1.0
1.0
1.0
15.8
11.0

¥3.5
¥1.0
4.4
10.0
9.2
9.9

9.5
¥1.6
.0
¥1.8
24.1
15.6

1.6
1.3
.5
.3
1.9
1.6

8.4
4.0
3.2
2.9
7.1
5.8

5.7
2.3
1.6
3.0
4.0
7.1

12.3
6.1
4.8
3.7
10.5
7.5

1.6
1.1
1.1
.9
1.6
1.1

4.2
2.3
4.4
6.1
7.3
6.2

2008: Jan ........
Feb ........
Mar r ......
Apr ........
May .......
June ......
July .......

1.2
.3
.9
r .3
1.4
1.8
1.2

1.7
¥.6
1.4
r ¥.1
.8
1.5
.3

1.2
.8
1.1
r .2
2.2
2.6
1.6

.5
.4
.0
r .6
.1
.3
.8

13.8
4.0
10.2
6.4
10.8
r 14.6
18.9

12.0
10.0
10.4
2.5
8.5
r 9.2
10.9

18.8
2.6
12.9
8.5
14.7
r 21.8
28.8

3.2
3.2
3.5
4.0
2.9
r 4.0
4.8

7.2
9.7
10.6
10.0
7.3
12.4
12.5

11.0
9.6
10.1
7.2
9.3
9.8
6.6

8.0
12.8
14.2
13.6
8.5
17.2
18.2

1.7
2.6
2.6
3.6
3.1
3.8
4.4

7.4
6.5
6.7
6.5
7.2
9.2
9.8

2007: July
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

CHANGES IN CONSUMER PRICES—ALL URBAN CONSUMERS
[Percent change from preceding period; monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Housing

Transportation

Shelter
Period

All
items 1

Food
Total 1
Total 1

Rent of Ownpriers’
mary equivaresilent
dence
rent

Fuels
and
utilities

Apparel

Total 1

New
cars

Motor
fuel

Medical
care

Energy 2

All
items
less
food
and
energy

Addendum: All items,
percent change
(annual rate)
From
previous
quarter 3

From
From
3
6
months months
earlier earlier

From
year
earlier
NSA

Change, December to December, NSA
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................

1.6
2.7
3.4
1.6
2.4
1.9
3.3
3.4
2.5
4.1

2.3
1.9
2.8
2.8
1.5
3.6
2.7
2.3
2.1
4.9

2.3
2.2
4.3
2.9
2.4
2.2
3.0
4.0
3.3
3.0

3.3
2.5
3.4
4.2
3.1
2.2
2.7
2.6
4.2
3.1

3.4
3.1
4.0
4.7
3.1
2.7
2.9
3.1
4.3
4.0

3.2
2.4
3.4
4.5
3.3
2.0
2.3
2.5
4.3
2.8

¥2.6
2.4
12.1
¥2.1
1.4
6.5
7.9
15.6
.5
5.4

¥0.7
¥.5
¥1.8
¥3.2
¥1.8
¥2.1
¥.2
¥1.1
.9
¥.3

¥1.7
5.4
4.1
¥3.8
3.8
.3
6.5
4.8
1.6
8.3

¥0.1
¥.8
.3
0
¥2.0
¥2.1
.5
.8
.2
¥.4

¥15.4
30.2
13.9
¥24.8
24.6
6.8
26.1
16.2
6.4
29.5

3.4
3.7
4.2
4.7
5.0
3.7
4.2
4.3
3.6
5.2

¥8.8
13.4
14.2
¥13.0
10.7
6.9
16.6
17.1
2.9
17.4

2.4
1.9
2.6
2.7
1.9
1.1
2.2
2.2
2.6
2.4

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........

1.6
2.2
3.4
2.8
1.6
2.3
2.7
3.4
3.2
2.8

Change, month to month
2007: July ..............
Aug ...............
Sept ..............
Oct ................
Nov ...............
Dec ...............

0.2
.0
.4
.3
.9
.4

0.3
.4
.5
.2
.4
.1

0.2
.1
.3
.2
.4
.3

0.2
.2
.3
.2
.3
.3

0.3
.2
.3
.4
.4
.4

0.2
.2
.3
.2
.3
.3

¥0.1
¥.6
.3
1.0
1.1
.3

0.4
¥.5
.2
.1
.6
.1

0.3
¥.6
.7
.3
3.5
1.0

0.0
.1
¥.2
¥.1
.0
.0

0.3
¥2.6
2.3
1.0
11.8
2.8

0.6
.5
.4
.5
.4
.3

0.1
¥1.7
1.4
1.0
6.9
1.7

0.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2

..........
..........
2.7
..........
..........
5.1

3.9
2.0
2.5
2.6
6.3
6.2

4.1
3.5
3.4
3.2
4.1
4.3

2.4
2.0
2.8
3.5
4.3
4.1

2008: Jan ...............
Feb ...............
Mar ...............
Apr ...............
May ...............
June ..............
July ..............

.4
.0
.3
.2
.6
1.1
.8

.7
.4
.2
.9
.3
.8
.9

.2
.2
.4
.3
.5
.5
.6

.3
.0
.1
.1
.2
.3
.2

.3
.2
.2
.3
.2
.4
.3

.3
.1
.2
.2
.1
.3
.1

.0
1.3
2.0
2.2
2.4
1.8
3.3

.4
¥.3
¥1.3
.5
¥.3
.1
1.2

.5
¥.7
.7
¥.7
2.0
3.8
1.7

¥.3
¥.1
.0
.0
.1
.4
.7

1.1
¥2.0
1.6
¥1.9
5.7
10.1
4.1

.5
.1
.1
.2
.2
.2
.1

.7
¥.5
1.9
.0
4.4
6.6
4.0

.3
.0
.2
.1
.2
.3
.3

..........
..........
4.2
..........
..........
5.0
..........

6.8
3.1
3.1
2.3
4.9
7.9
10.6

4.7
4.7
4.6
4.5
4.0
5.5
6.4

4.3
4.0
4.0
3.9
4.2
5.0
5.6

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
fuels—gas (piped), electricity, fuel oil, etc.—and motor fuel. Motor oil, coolant,
etc., excluded beginning 1983.
2 Household

3 Quarterly changes are shown in the last month of the quarter.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

24
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E:\HR\OC\ECOIND.024

ECOIND

PRICES RECEIVED AND PAID BY FARMERS
In August, prices received by farmers fell 2.5 percent; prices paid by farmers rose 1.0 percent. (Data are not
seasonally adjusted.)

[1990–92=100; not seasonally adjusted]
Prices received by farmers
Period

Livestock and
products

Crops

All commodities,
services, interest,
taxes, and wage
rates 1

Production
items, interest,
taxes, and wage
rates

Production
items

Ratio 2

..............................
...............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................

102
96
96
102
98
107
119
115
115
136

107
97
96
99
105
111
115
111
120
142

97
95
97
106
90
103
122
120
111
130

115
115
119
123
124
128
134
142
150
161

114
113
117
121
121
125
133
142
151
163

113
111
115
120
119
124
132
140
148
161

89
83
81
83
79
84
89
81
77
84

2007: Aug r ...................
Sept r ..................
Oct r ....................
Nov ....................
Dec r ...................

139
140
141
142
142

142
142
148
149
150

137
138
131
134
134

162
162
164
165
166

163
164
165
168
169

162
162
164
166
168

86
86
86
86
86

2008: Jan r ...................
Feb ....................
Mar r ...................
Apr ....................
May ....................
June r .................
July r ..................
Aug ....................

144
145
146
145
150
158
159
155

158
163
167
168
170
183
182
175

129
131
129
127
134
137
138
137

172
174
177
181
186
189
192
194

175
178
181
186
191
195
198
201

173
176
181
187
193
198
202
205

84
83
82
80
81
84
83
80

1 Includes

items not shown separately.
ratio of index of prices received by farmers to index of prices paid, interest,
taxes, and wage rates.
2 Percentage

NOTE.—The official indexes are published on a 1910–14 base as required by law. The indexes have been converted to a 1990–92=100 base to facilitate comparison with other indexes.
Source: Department of Agriculture.

25
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ECOIND

G:\GRAPHICS\eecoind.025

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

All farm
products

Prices paid by farmers

MONEY, CREDIT, AND SECURITY MARKETS
MONEY STOCK AND DEBT MEASURES
In July, M2 rose.

[Averages of daily figures, except debt end-of-period basis; billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]
M1

M2

Sum of currency,
demand deposits,
travelers checks,
and other
checkable deposits (OCDs)

M1 plus retail
MMMF balances,
savings deposits
(including
MMDAs), and
small time deposits

........................................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................................................

1,095.5
1,122.5
1,087.4
1,181.9
1,219.7
1,306.1
1,376.3
1,374.5
1,366.5
1,366.1

4,380.6
4,637.2
4,918.7
5,430.1
5,776.5
6,068.7
6,419.4
6,689.9
7,032.3
7,430.6

16,189.0
17,251.3
18,101.3
19,228.6
20,627.2
22,327.3
24,299.8
26,547.1
28,876.2
31,249.3

2.1
2.5
¥3.1
8.7
3.2
7.1
5.4
¥.1
¥.6
.0

8.6
5.9
6.1
10.4
6.4
5.1
5.8
4.2
5.1
5.7

6.7
6.3
4.9
6.3
7.3
8.1
8.8
9.2
8.8
8.2

2007: July ........................................................................................
Aug ........................................................................................
Sept .......................................................................................
Oct .........................................................................................
Nov ........................................................................................
Dec ........................................................................................

1,368.0
1,369.4
1,365.8
1,368.9
1,365.0
1,366.1

7,268.7
7,320.4
7,348.6
7,372.0
7,400.0
7,430.6

............................
............................
30,670.4
............................
............................
31,249.3

¥.6
.3
¥.5
¥1.2
¥1.4
.1

5.3
5.9
5.3
4.5
4.8
5.1

......................
......................
9.1
......................
......................
7.5

2008: Jan r .......................................................................................
Feb ........................................................................................
Mar ........................................................................................
Apr r .......................................................................................
May ........................................................................................
June r .....................................................................................
July ........................................................................................

1,367.0
1,372.5
1,374.7
1,370.7
1,367.1
1,385.5
1,401.0

7,480.2
7,586.1
7,664.5
7,679.8
7,688.2
7,687.1
7,725.9

............................
............................
31,758.4
............................
............................
............................
............................

¥.1
.5
1.3
.3
.3
2.8
5.0

5.8
7.3
8.6
8.4
7.8
6.9
6.6

......................
......................
6.5
......................
......................
......................
......................

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:
2005:
2006:
2007:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

1 Quarterly data; shown in last month of quarter. End-of-year data are for fourth quarter.
Consists of outstanding credit market debt of the U.S. Government, State and local governments, and private nonfinancial sectors; data from flow of funds accounts.
2 Annual changes are from December to December and monthly changes are from 6 months
earlier at a simple annual rate.
3 Annual changes are from fourth quarter to fourth quarter. Quarterly changes are from previous quarter at an annual rate.

Debt of
domestic
nonfinancial
sectors 1

00:23 Sep 10, 2008

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M1

M2

From
previous
period 3
Debt

NOTE.—The Federal Reserve previously announced that the M3 monetary aggregate and
most of its components would no longer be published. Institutional money market mutual funds
will continue to be published as a memorandum item in the H.6 release, and the component
on large-denomination time deposits will be published in other Federal Reserve Board releases.
For details, see H.6 release of March 23, 2006.
See p. 27 for components.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

26
VerDate Aug 31 2005

Percent change
From year or 6
months
earlier 2

Sfmt 3401

E:\HR\OC\ECOIND.026

ECOIND

g:\graphics\eecoind.026

Period

Debt

COMPONENTS OF MONEY STOCK
[Averages of daily figures; billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]

Period

1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:
2005:
2006:
2007:

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

Other checkable
deposits (OCDs)

Nonbank
travelers
checks

Currency

Demand
deposits

At
commercial
banks

Total

At
commercial
banks

Small-denomination
time deposits 2

Savings
deposits 1

Total

At
thrift
institutions

At
thrift
institutions

Total

At
commercial
banks

At
thrift
institutions

Retail
money
funds

Institutional
money
funds 3

......
......
......
......
......
......
......
......
......
......

460.5
517.8
531.2
581.2
626.3
662.5
697.6
723.9
748.9
758.7

8.5
8.6
8.3
8.0
7.8
7.7
7.5
7.2
6.7
6.3

376.6
352.8
309.6
335.2
306.2
325.8
343.2
324.9
305.9
294.9

249.9
243.4
238.4
257.4
279.4
310.1
328.0
318.5
305.0
306.2

143.9
139.6
133.1
142.0
154.3
175.2
186.8
180.5
176.8
173.3

106.0
103.7
105.2
115.5
125.1
134.8
141.2
138.0
128.2
132.9

1,605.0
1,740.3
1,878.8
2,312.8
2,778.2
3,169.1
3,518.3
3,621.4
3,696.6
3,887.3

1,188.5
1,289.0
1,424.6
1,739.5
2,060.4
2,337.7
2,631.0
2,771.5
2,904.0
3,034.2

416.5
451.2
454.2
573.4
717.8
831.4
887.3
849.9
792.6
853.2

952.4
956.8
1,047.6
976.5
896.0
818.7
830.0
996.2
1,171.4
1,218.6

626.4
636.9
700.2
635.4
590.8
541.3
551.2
644.9
759.2
822.7

326.1
319.9
347.5
341.1
305.2
277.4
278.8
351.3
412.2
395.8

727.6
817.7
904.9
958.9
882.7
774.9
694.7
697.8
797.7
958.6

550.8
656.1
811.1
1,217.7
1,268.3
1,134.6
1,085.2
1,149.5
1,347.3
1,882.0

2007: July .....
Aug .....
Sept .....
Oct ......
Nov .....
Dec ......

758.0
758.1
759.2
761.5
761.1
758.7

6.5
6.4
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.3

301.0
301.9
296.1
296.5
296.2
294.9

302.5
302.9
304.1
304.5
301.4
306.2

171.5
171.1
171.1
172.4
171.7
173.3

131.0
131.8
133.0
132.1
129.7
132.9

3,835.7
3,862.2
3,865.2
3,869.6
3,883.6
3,887.3

2,965.1
2,994.7
3,008.6
3,011.1
3,027.3
3,034.2

870.6
867.5
856.6
858.5
856.3
853.2

1,192.4
1,194.6
1,205.3
1,211.7
1,215.8
1,218.6

765.5
767.4
775.5
803.1
820.4
822.7

426.9
427.2
429.8
408.6
395.4
395.8

872.6
894.2
912.2
921.8
935.5
958.6

1,536.1
1,614.5
1,697.0
1,781.3
1,840.6
1,882.0

2008: Jan r .....
Feb r ....
Mar r ....
Apr r .....
May r ....
June r ...
July .....

757.8
758.7
761.8
759.8
762.7
769.0
774.6

6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.0
5.9

294.8
295.3
297.0
293.7
288.4
293.6
301.2

308.2
312.4
309.7
311.1
309.9
316.8
319.2

173.4
177.1
175.2
175.2
170.9
180.4
179.6

134.8
135.2
134.5
135.9
139.0
136.4
139.6

3,901.4
3,949.6
4,007.8
4,014.3
4,052.6
4,052.0
4,060.7

3,040.3
3,081.7
3,123.9
3,126.4
3,138.0
3,126.4
3,130.5

861.1
868.0
883.9
887.9
914.6
925.6
930.1

1,225.5
1,226.6
1,215.8
1,208.8
1,202.8
1,199.1
1,208.6

824.9
826.1
819.8
813.6
810.6
811.6
826.5

400.5
400.5
396.1
395.2
392.2
387.5
382.1

986.3
1,037.4
1,066.1
1,086.0
1,065.7
1,050.4
1,055.6

1,930.0
2,071.1
2,147.1
2,187.9
2,221.6
2,247.3
2,246.5

1 Savings

deposits including money market deposit accounts (MMDAs).
deposits are those issued in amounts of less than $100,000.
money funds are not part of non-M1 M2.

NOTE.—See Note, p. 26.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

2 Small-denomination
3 Institutional

AGGREGATE RESERVES AND MONETARY BASE
[Averages of daily figures 1; millions of dollars; seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]
Adjusted for changes in reserve requirements
Period

Reserves of depository institutions
Total 2

1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:
2005:
2006:
2007:

Other borrowings from the Federal Reserve (NSA)
Term
auction
credit
(NSA)

Nonborrowed 3

Required

Excess
(NSA)

Monetary
base

Total

Primary

Secondary

Seasonal

Primary
dealer
credit
facility

Adjustment 4

Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec
Dec

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

45,170
42,183
38,716
41,443
40,400
42,757
46,552
45,138
43,338
42,693

45,053
41,862
38,507
41,376
40,320
42,711
46,489
44,970
43,147
27,263

43,658
40,889
37,391
39,799
38,392
41,710
44,643
43,238
41,475
40,918

1,512
1,294
1,325
1,643
2,008
1,047
1,909
1,900
1,863
1,775

513,921
593,846
584,929
635,601
681,656
720,474
759,173
787,303
811,730
823,369

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
11,613

117
320
210
67
80
46
63
169
191
3,818

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
17
11
97
111
3,787

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
0
0
0
0
1

15
67
111
33
45
29
52
72
80
30

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

101
179
99
34
35
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

2007: July
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec

............
............
............
.............
.............
.............

41,820
45,021
42,668
42,438
42,658
42,693

41,558
44,046
41,102
42,184
42,293
27,263

40,183
40,193
40,934
40,977
40,954
40,918

1,637
4,828
1,734
1,462
1,704
1,775

821,128
824,439
821,968
824,649
825,457
823,369

................
................
................
................
................
11,613

262
975
1,567
254
366
3,818

45
701
1,345
126
315
3,787

0
19
0
13
0
1

217
255
221
115
50
30

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

2008: Jan .............
Feb .............
Mar ............
Apr .............
May r ...........
June r ..........
July ............

42,139
42,782
44,262
43,534
44,156
43,411
43,388

¥3,520
¥17,375
¥50,261
¥91,876
¥111,624
¥127,867
¥122,276

40,496
41,054
41,269
41,607
42,050
41,025
41,403

1,643
1,728
2,993
1,927
2,106
2,386
1,985

821,418
822,509
826,997
824,411
826,461
832,525
838,176

44,516
60,000
75,484
100,000
127,419
150,000
150,000

1,143
157

1,137
155
1,617
9,624
14,076
14,225
15,204

0
0
0
0
0
70
107

6
3
6
21
47
75
98

..............
..............
16,168
25,764
14,238
6,908
255

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1 Data are prorated averages of biweekly (maintenance period) averages of daily figures.
Reserves and monetary base incorporate adjustments for discontinuities, or ‘‘breaks,’’ associated with changes in reserve requirements.
2 Seasonally adjusted break-adjusted required reserves plus unadjusted excess reserves.

519,040

35,410
28,361
21,278
15,664

3 Seasonally adjusted break-adjusted total reserves less unadjusted total borrowings of depository institutions from the Federal Reserve.
4 Discontinued after January 8, 2003.
5 Total for March 2008 includes other credit extensions not shown separately. For details see
H.3 release of March 27, 2008.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

27
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E:\HR\OC\ECOIND.027

ECOIND

BANK CREDIT AT ALL COMMERCIAL BANKS
Total commercial bank loans and leases were about unchanged in July; commercial and industrial loans rose
0.5 percent.

[Billions of dollars, seasonally adjusted 1]
Securities in bank credit

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:
2005:
2006:
2007:
2007:

Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec ...........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
Dec r ..........
July r .........
Aug r .........
Sept r .........
Oct r ..........
Nov r .........
Dec r ..........
2008: Jan r ..........
Feb r ..........
Mar r .........
Apr r ..........
May r .........
June r ........
July ..........

Total
bank
credit

4,514.1
4,742.9
5,204.2
5,414.6
5,885.0
6,260.5
6,812.5
7,523.7
8,353.5
9,205.2
8,705.2
8,842.1
8,956.3
9,056.5
9,179.6
9,205.2
9,272.4
9,334.2
9,455.6
9,409.0
9,402.5
9,373.7
9,398.0

Total
securities

1,225.9
1,268.8
1,337.3
1,482.9
1,714.7
1,851.1
1,947.4
2,067.5
2,247.7
2,424.4
2,316.6
2,345.8
2,382.9
2,404.9
2,464.9
2,424.4
2,434.7
2,453.7
2,539.7
2,511.3
2,481.2
2,471.4
2,490.6

795.8
810.4
790.6
852.1
1,029.4
1,115.6
1,172.0
1,162.2
1,218.0
1,128.0
1,168.3
1,177.0
1,174.2
1,141.4
1,131.3
1,128.0
1,104.0
1,093.8
1,104.8
1,093.7
1,095.8
1,112.9
1,115.6

Loans and leases in bank credit

430.1
458.4
546.7
630.8
685.3
735.5
775.4
905.3
1,029.8
1,296.4
1,148.3
1,168.8
1,208.7
1,263.5
1,333.6
1,296.4
1,330.7
1,360.0
1,434.9
1,417.6
1,385.4
1,358.5
1,375.0

3,288.2
3,474.1
3,866.9
3,931.7
4,170.3
4,409.3
4,865.1
5,456.2
6,105.7
6,780.8
6,388.6
6,496.3
6,573.4
6,651.6
6,714.7
6,780.8
6,837.6
6,880.4
6,915.9
6,897.7
6,921.2
6,902.3
6,907.3

1 Data are prorated averages of Wednesday values for domestically chartered commercial
banks, branches and agencies of foreign banks, New York State investment companies (through
September 1996), and Edge Act and agreement corporations. Data are adjusted for breaks
caused by reclassifications of assets and liabilities.
2 Includes other trading assets.

28
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Real estate

Commercial
and
industrial

Total
loans
and
leases 3

Other
securities 2

Total 4

938.8
990.9
1,079.1
1,018.7
955.9
896.7
918.9
1,036.6
1,188.2
1,435.1
1,284.6
1,311.1
1,357.0
1,390.2
1,408.9
1,435.1
1,452.0
1,462.0
1,483.5
1,493.4
1,500.0
1,507.1
1,514.3

1,333.4
1,471.9
1,655.9
1,786.1
2,033.8
2,230.2
2,566.1
2,924.4
3,357.7
3,577.0
3,460.9
3,498.4
3,507.9
3,538.9
3,561.0
3,577.0
3,592.8
3,619.8
3,646.2
3,651.2
3,653.8
3,644.6
3,623.3

Revolving
home
equity

103.6
101.1
129.7
155.4
213.1
280.3
397.9
443.7
467.6
483.2
465.3
468.0
472.2
475.6
478.5
483.2
486.9
492.5
498.9
506.8
512.2
518.3
523.5

Commercial

559.1
648.0
742.3
813.6
884.5
962.0
1,083.2
1,274.8
1,453.6
1,603.3
1,537.2
1,552.1
1,563.2
1,571.7
1,589.1
1,603.3
1,613.3
1,626.2
1,640.9
1,651.7
1,661.8
1,677.5
1,664.8

Consumer 5

497.4
491.5
539.8
556.2
585.9
642.3
696.7
707.6
743.3
809.2
772.1
774.0
783.1
788.5
795.9
809.2
813.2
814.7
817.9
823.3
827.1
831.6
839.3

Security 5

134.5
139.6
161.0
135.0
173.8
198.1
197.4
245.6
268.6
287.8
278.2
287.5
283.5
271.9
282.0
287.8
301.8
296.3
292.6
283.9
293.1
281.0
295.3

Other

384.1
380.1
431.1
435.6
421.0
442.1
486.0
542.0
547.9
671.7
592.7
625.3
641.8
662.1
666.8
671.7
677.9
687.6
675.6
645.9
647.2
637.9
635.2

3 Excludes unearned income. Includes the allowance for loan and lease losses. Excludes Federal funds sold to, reverse repurchase agreements (RPs) with, and loans to commercial banks
in the United States.
4 Includes other residential, not shown separately.
5 Includes other items, not shown separately.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

Sfmt 3401

E:\HR\OC\ECOIND.028

ECOIND

g:\graphics\eecoind.028

Period

U.S.
Treasury
and
agency
securities

SOURCES AND USES OF FUNDS, NONFARM NONFINANCIAL CORPORATE
BUSINESS
[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Sources

Uses

External (Net increase in liabilities)
Funds raised in markets
Period
Total

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2006:

................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
I ...........
II .........
III ........
IV ........
2007: I ...........
II .........
III ........
IV ........
2008: I p .........

1,298.1
1,718.6
1,955.4
850.2
896.2
844.7
1,537.4
1,956.2
1,842.6
1,796.4
1,755.5
2,056.8
1,751.2
1,807.1
1,844.2
1,712.8
1,870.3
1,758.3
1,603.2

Internal 1

682.1
731.0
718.0
755.0
811.3
831.3
928.4
995.0
993.8
942.8
1,006.2
1,009.3
1,023.9
935.8
944.7
944.0
944.1
938.3
964.6

Credit market instruments
Total

616.0
987.6
1,237.4
95.2
84.9
13.4
609.0
961.2
848.8
853.6
749.3
1,047.5
727.3
871.3
899.5
768.8
926.2
820.0
638.6

Capital
expenditures 3

Total

Total
net
funds
raised

Net new
equity
issues

165.4
254.4
218.4
155.4
¥32.5
38.0
39.2
¥119.8
¥180.7
¥211.0
¥139.4
¥180.7
¥285.8
¥116.8
¥44.8
¥188.5
¥63.5
¥547.4
12.9

¥215.5
¥110.4
¥118.2
¥48.1
¥41.6
¥42.0
¥126.6
¥363.4
¥614.1
¥835.7
¥569.6
¥601.6
¥534.0
¥751.2
¥572.8
¥814.0
¥831.2
¥1,124.8
¥562.2

Total

Securities
and mortgages

380.9
364.8
336.6
203.5
9.1
80.0
165.8
243.6
433.4
624.7
430.2
420.9
248.2
634.4
528.0
625.5
767.7
577.4
575.1

1 Profits before tax (book) less taxes on corporate income, less net dividends, plus capital consumption allowance (consumption of fixed capital plus capital consumption adjustment), foreign
earnings retained abroad, inventory valuation adjustment, and net capital transfers.
2 Includes trade payables, taxes payable, and miscellaneous liabilities (foreign direct investment in the U.S., pension fund contributions payable, and other).

226.2
264.0
180.8
392.4
163.3
215.1
131.5
247.8
326.1
423.5
321.5
295.6
274.8
412.8
405.5
497.4
344.0
447.3
341.6

Loans
and
shortterm
paper

Other 2

154.9
100.8
155.8
¥188.9
¥154.1
¥135.0
34.3
¥4.2
107.2
201.1
108.7
125.4
¥26.7
221.6
122.4
128.1
423.7
130.2
233.5

450.5
733.3
1,019.1
¥60.1
117.4
¥24.6
569.9
1,080.9
1,029.5
1,064.7
888.6
1,228.1
1,013.0
988.2
944.3
957.3
989.6
1,367.3
625.7

1,348.4
1,833.8
2,137.7
980.2
867.2
832.5
1,608.8
1,872.8
1,791.5
1,930.9
1,733.1
1,979.8
1,730.9
1,722.3
1,933.8
1,896.8
1,991.2
1,902.0
1,719.6

778.5
863.9
928.5
802.6
737.1
749.9
825.7
915.0
1,032.9
1,033.0
992.1
1,034.0
1,049.2
1,056.3
993.0
1,027.6
1,073.2
1,038.3
1,051.1

Increase
in financial assets

569.9
969.9
1,209.2
177.6
130.1
82.6
783.1
957.8
758.6
897.9
741.0
945.8
681.7
666.0
940.8
869.2
918.0
863.7
668.5

Discrepancy
(sources
less
uses)

¥50.4
¥115.2
¥182.4
¥130.0
28.9
12.1
¥71.3
83.4
51.1
¥134.6
22.4
77.1
20.2
84.8
¥89.7
¥184.0
¥120.9
¥143.8
¥116.4

3 Nonresidential fixed investment plus residential fixed investment, inventory change with inventory valuation adjustment, and nonproduced nonfinancial assets.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

CONSUMER CREDIT
[Billions of dollars; seasonally adjusted]

Consumer credit outstanding (end of period)
Period
Total

Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
July r .............................................................................
Aug r .............................................................................
Sept r .............................................................................
Oct r ..............................................................................
Nov r .............................................................................
Dec r ..............................................................................
2008: Jan r ..............................................................................
Feb r ..............................................................................
Mar r .............................................................................
Apr r ..............................................................................
May r .............................................................................
June ..............................................................................
July p ............................................................................
wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998:
1999:
2000:
2001:
2002:
2003:
2004:
2005:
2006:
2007:
2007:

Revolving

1,421.0
1,532.4
1,717.7
1,867.3
1,974.3
2,078.3
2,191.6
2,285.2
2,387.7
2,521.4
2,465.0
2,483.2
2,496.5
2,504.3
2,517.4
2,521.4
2,530.5
2,541.8
2,554.5
2,564.8
2,571.9
2,582.9
2,587.4

1 Change based on data in billions of dollars as shown here. For year-end data, change from
preceding year-end; for monthly data, change from preceding month.
2 Includes automobile loans and all other loans not included in revolving credit, such as loans
for mobile homes, education, boats, trailers, or vacations. These loans may be secured or unsecured.

581.4
610.7
683.7
716.6
748.8
770.4
799.8
824.5
874.6
939.5
909.6
916.8
921.8
929.2
936.0
939.5
945.8
951.5
957.5
957.5
963.2
966.0
969.9

Nonrevolving 2

839.6
921.7
1,034.0
1,150.7
1,225.5
1,307.9
1,391.8
1,460.7
1,513.1
1,581.9
1,555.4
1,566.4
1,574.6
1,575.1
1,581.4
1,581.9
1,584.7
1,590.4
1,596.9
1,607.2
1,608.7
1,616.9
1,617.5

Net change in consumer credit outstanding 1
Total

96.2
111.4
185.3
149.6
107.0
104.0
113.3
93.6
102.5
133.7
14.3
18.2
13.3
7.8
13.1
4.0
9.1
11.3
12.7
10.3
7.1
11.0
4.5

Revolving

41.4
29.3
73.0
32.9
32.2
21.6
29.4
24.7
50.1
64.9
7.0
7.2
5.0
7.4
6.8
3.5
6.3
5.7
6.0
.0
5.7
2.8
3.9

Nonrevolving 2

54.8
82.1
112.3
116.7
74.8
82.4
83.9
68.9
52.4
68.8
7.3
11.0
8.2
.5
6.3
.5
2.8
5.7
6.5
10.3
1.5
8.2
.6

NOTE.—Effective October 7, 2003 data beginning 1977 include student loans extended by
the Federal Government and by SLM Holding Corporation.
Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

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E:\HR\OC\ECOIND.029

ECOIND

INTEREST RATES AND BOND YIELDS
Interest rates were mixed in August.

[Percent per annum]

Constant
Period

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998 .......................
1999 .......................
2000 .......................
2001 .......................
2002 .......................
2003 .......................
2004 .......................
2005 .......................
2006 .......................
2007 .......................
2007: Aug .............
Sept .............
Oct ..............
Nov .............
Dec ..............
2008: Jan ..............
Feb ..............
Mar .............
Apr .............
May ............
June ...........
July ............
Aug .............
Week ended:
2008: Aug 9 .........
16 ........
23 ........
30 ........
Sept 6 .......

3-month
bills (new
issues) 1

3-year

maturities 2

10-year

30-year

Highgrade
municipal
bonds
(Standard
&
Poor’s) 3

Primary
credit

4.81
4.66
5.85
3.45
1.62
1.02
1.38
3.16
4.73
4.41
4.34
4.01
3.97
3.49
3.08
2.86
2.21
1.38
1.32
1.71
1.90
1.72
1.79

5.14
5.49
6.22
4.09
3.10
2.10
2.78
3.93
4.77
4.35
4.34
4.06
4.01
3.35
3.13
2.51
2.19
1.80
2.23
2.69
3.08
2.87
2.70

5.26
5.65
6.03
5.02
4.61
4.01
4.27
4.29
4.80
4.63
4.67
4.52
4.53
4.15
4.10
3.74
3.74
3.51
3.68
3.88
4.10
4.01
3.89

5.58
5.87
5.94
5.49
*
*
*
*
4.91
4.84
4.93
4.79
4.77
4.52
4.53
4.33
4.52
4.39
4.44
4.60
4.69
4.57
4.50

5.12
5.43
5.77
5.19
5.05
4.73
4.63
4.29
4.42
4.42
4.73
4.57
4.41
4.45
4.22
4.00
4.35
4.67
4.43
4.34
4.48
4.88
4.90

6.53
7.04
7.62
7.08
6.49
5.67
5.63
5.24
5.59
5.56
5.79
5.74
5.66
5.44
5.49
5.33
5.53
5.51
5.55
5.57
5.68
5.67
5.64

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............
2.12
2.34
4.19
5.96
5.86
5.75
5.25
5.00
5.00
4.75
3.50
3.50
2.50
2.25
2.25
2.25
2.25
2.25

1.71
1.87
1.85
1.71
1.69

2.80
2.75
2.62
2.61
2.46

3.99
3.91
3.83
3.79
3.69

4.60
4.54
4.45
4.40
4.31

5.05
4.89
4.82
4.85
4.83

5.74
5.68
5.58
5.54
5.49

2.25
2.25
2.25
2.25
2.25

1 Bank-discount

basis.
on actively traded issues adjusted to constant maturities.
3 Weekly data are Wednesday figures.
4 Discount window borrowing for primary credit and discount rate (adjustment credit). The
rate for primary credit replaced the rate for adjustment credit.
5 Average effective rate for year; rate in effect at end of month or week.
2 Yields

30
VerDate Aug 31 2005

Discount window
(N.Y. F.R. Bank) 4 5

Corporate
Aaa
bonds
(Moody’s)

00:23 Sep 10, 2008

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Frm 00030

Fmt 3401

Discount
rate

Prime rate
charged by
banks 5

4.92
4.62
5.73
3.40
1.17

Federal
funds
rate 6

Newhome
mortgage
yields
(FHFB) 7

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

8.35
8.00
9.23
6.91
4.67
4.12
4.34
6.19
7.96
8.05
8.25
7.75
7.50
7.50
7.25
6.00
6.00
5.25
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

5.35
4.97
6.24
3.88
1.67
1.13
1.35
3.22
4.97
5.02
5.02
4.94
4.76
4.49
4.24
3.94
2.98
2.61
2.28
1.98
2.00
2.01
2.00

7.07
7.04
7.52
7.00
6.43
5.80
5.77
5.94
6.63
6.41
6.73
6.58
6.55
6.42
6.21
6.02
5.96
5.92
5.98
6.01
6.13
6.29
..............

*
*
*
*
*

5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

2.02
1.99
2.02
1.99
1.96

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

6 Daily

effective rate; weighted average of rates on brokered trades.
7 Effective rate (in the primary market) on conventional mortgages, reflecting fees and
charges as well as contract rate and assumed, on the average, repayment at end of 10 years.
* Discount rate (adjustment credit) series was discontinued after January 8, 2003. Series for
30-year constant maturity was discontinued on February 18, 2002, and reintroduced on February 9, 2006.
Sources: Department of the Treasury, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,
Federal Housing Finance Board, Moody’s Investors Service, and Standard & Poor’s.

Sfmt 3401

E:\HR\OC\ECOIND.030

ECOIND

g:\graphics\eecoind.030

U.S. Treasury security yields

COMMON STOCK PRICES AND YIELDS
Stock prices were mixed in August.

Common stock prices 1
New York Stock Exchange indexes 2 3
(December 31, 2002=5,000)

Period

Dow Jones
industrial
average 4

Common stock yields
(percent) 7
Standard &
Poor’s composite index
(1941–
43=10) 5

Nasdaq composite index
(Feb. 5,
1971=100) 6

Dividendprice ratio

Earningsprice ratio

Composite

Financial

Energy

Health
Care

.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................

5,818.26
6,546.81
6,805.89
6,397.85
5,578.89
5,447.46
6,612.62
7,349.00
8,357.99
9,648.82

................
................
................
................
................
5,583.00
6,822.18
7,383.70
8,654.40
9,321.39

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
5,273.90
6,952.36
9,377.84
11,206.94
13,339.99

................
................
................
................
................
5,288.67
5,924.80
6,283.96
6,685.06
7,191.79

8,625.52
10,464.88
10,734.90
10,189.13
9,226.43
8,993.59
10,317.39
10,547.67
11,408.67
13,169.98

1,085.50
1,327.33
1,427.22
1,194.18
993.94
965.23
1,130.65
1,207.23
1,310.46
1,477.19

1,794.91
2,728.15
3,783.67
2,035.00
1,539.73
1,647.17
1,986.53
2,099.32
2,263.41
2,578.47

1.49
1.25
1.15
1.32
1.61
1.77
1.72
1.83
1.87
1.86

3.46
3.17
3.63
2.95
2.92
3.84
4.89
5.36
5.78
5.29

2007: Aug ...............................................
Sept ..............................................
Oct ...............................................
Nov ...............................................
Dec ...............................................

9,440.44
9,777.59
10,159.33
9,741.15
9,807.36

8,963.67
9,060.63
9,390.30
8,522.71
8,447.99

13,250.28
14,300.99
14,976.30
14,622.23
14,956.77

6,957.87
7,138.20
7,231.60
7,127.40
7,306.60

13,239.71
13,557.69
13,901.28
13,200.58
13,406.99

1,454.62
1,497.12
1,539.66
1,463.39
1,479.23

2,539.50
2,634.47
2,780.42
2,662.80
2,661.55

1.92
1.88
1.84
1.95
1.93

..................
5.15
..................
..................
4.51

2008: Jan ..............................................
Feb ...............................................
Mar ..............................................
Apr ..............................................
May .............................................
June ............................................
July .............................................
Aug ..............................................

9,165.10
9,041.52
8,776.21
9,174.10
9,429.04
8,996.98
8,427.37
8,362.20

7,776.77
7,577.54
7,155.51
7,579.73
7,593.63
6,798.20
6,207.89
6,304.58

14,222.14
13,931.92
14,000.91
15,159.35
16,365.23
16,272.67
14,899.86
13,772.04

7,068.98
6,674.75
6,318.44
6,381.98
6,405.40
6,243.42
6,412.48
6,618.92

12,538.12
12,419.57
12,193.88
12,656.63
12,812.48
12,056.67
11,322.38
11,530.75

1,378.76
1,354.87
1,316.94
1,370.47
1,403.22
1,341.25
1,257.33
1,281.47

2,418.09
2,325.83
2,254.82
2,368.10
2,483.24
2,427.45
2,278.14
2,389.27

2.06
2.10
2.17
2.09
2.07
2.15
2.27
2.23

..................
..................
4.57
..................
..................
4.05
..................
..................

Week ended:
2008: Aug 9 ..........................................
16 .........................................
23 .........................................
30 .........................................
Sept 6 ........................................

8,408.13
8,407.34
8,291.79
8,338.16
8,152.06

6,520.42
6,383.42
6,099.23
6,183.51
6,308.23

13,650.64
13,555.49
13,783.19
14,027.34
13,041.11

6,634.52
6,688.19
6,615.03
6,575.85
6,473.51

11,544.35
11,646.72
11,460.73
11,512.07
11,364.75

1,277.09
1,294.37
1,277.95
1,280.70
1,257.93

2,356.72
2,441.07
2,397.10
2,377.84
2,299.47

2.22
2.22
2.24
2.23
2.25

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1 Average

of daily closing prices.
all the stocks (nearly 3,000) listed on the NYSE.
January 9, 2003, the NYSE relaunched the composite index with changes in
methodology, definitions, and based on Dec. 31, 2002=5,000. Effective January 8, 2004 new
indexes for Financial, Energy, and Health Care were introduced by the NYSE. Previous indexes
shown for Industrial, Transportation, Utility, and Finance were discontinued.
4 Includes 30 stocks.
2 Includes

3 Effective

5 Includes

500 stocks.
over 5,000 stocks.
& Poor’s series. Dividend-price ratios based on Wednesday closing prices. Earnings-price ratios based on prices at end of quarter.
6 Includes

7 Standard

Sources: New York Stock Exchange, Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Standard & Poor’s, and
Nasdaq Stock Market.

31
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1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

FEDERAL FINANCE
FEDERAL RECEIPTS, OUTLAYS, AND DEBT
In the first ten months of fiscal 2008, there was a deficit of $371.4 billion, compared with a deficit of $157.4
billion a year earlier.

[Billions of dollars]
Total

On-budget

Off-budget

Receipts

Outlays

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Receipts

1,091.3
1,154.5
1,258.7
1,351.9
1,453.2
1,579.4
1,722.0
1,827.6
2,025.5
1,991.4
1,853.4
1,782.5
1,880.3
2,153.9
2,407.3
2,568.2
2,552.9
2,651.4

1,381.6
1,409.5
1,461.9
1,515.9
1,560.6
1,601.3
1,652.7
1,702.0
1,789.2
1,863.2
2,011.2
2,160.1
2,293.0
2,472.2
2,655.4
2,730.2
2,942.4
3,133.2

¥290.3
¥255.1
¥203.2
¥164.0
¥107.4
¥21.9
69.3
125.6
236.2
128.2
¥157.8
¥377.6
¥412.7
¥318.3
¥248.2
¥162.0
¥389.4
¥481.8

788.9
842.5
923.7
1,000.9
1,085.7
1,187.4
1,306.2
1,383.2
1,544.9
1,483.9
1,338.1
1,258.7
1,345.5
1,576.4
1,798.9
1,933.2
1,896.1
1,969.0

1,129.3
1,142.9
1,182.5
1,227.2
1,259.7
1,290.7
1,336.1
1,381.3
1,458.5
1,516.4
1,655.5
1,797.1
1,913.5
2,070.0
2,233.4
2,276.6
2,469.8
2,631.7

¥340.4
¥300.4
¥258.8
¥226.4
¥174.0
¥103.2
¥29.9
1.9
86.4
¥32.4
¥317.4
¥538.4
¥568.0
¥493.6
¥434.5
¥343.5
¥573.7
¥662.7

302.4
311.9
335.0
351.1
367.5
392.0
415.8
444.5
480.6
507.5
515.3
523.8
534.7
577.5
608.4
635.1
656.8
682.4

252.3
266.6
279.4
288.7
300.9
310.6
316.6
320.8
330.8
346.8
355.7
363.0
379.5
402.2
422.1
453.6
472.6
501.5

50.1 4,001.8
45.3 4,351.0
55.7 4,643.3
62.4 4,920.6
66.6 5,181.5
81.4 5,369.2
99.2 5,478.2
123.7 5,605.5
149.8 5,628.7
160.7 5,769.9
159.7 6,198.4
160.8 6,760.0
155.2 7,354.7
175.3 7,905.3
186.3 8,451.4
181.5 8,950.7
184.2 9,623.4
180.9 10,438.4

2,999.7
3,248.4
3,433.1
3,604.4
3,734.1
3,772.3
3,721.1
3,632.4
3,409.8
3,319.6
3,540.4
3,913.4
4,295.5
4,592.2
4,829.0
5,035.1
5,420.5
5,958.2

2,115.8
2,094.4

2,273.2
2,465.8

¥157.4
¥371.4

1,584.1
1,541.0

1,921.1
2,098.3

¥337.0
¥557.3

531.7
553.4

352.1
367.6

179.6
185.8

4,987.9
5,390.7

1992 ......................................
1993 ......................................
1994 ......................................
1995 ......................................
1996 ......................................
1997 ......................................
1998 ......................................
1999 ......................................
2000 ......................................
2001 ......................................
2002 ......................................
2003 ......................................
2004 ......................................
2005 .......................................
2006 ......................................
2007 ......................................
2008 (estimates) ...................
2009 (estimates) ...................
Cumulative total, first 10
months: 1
Fiscal year 2007 ................
Fiscal year 2008 ................
1 Data

from current issue Monthly Treasury Statement.

Outlays

Receipts

Outlays

00:23 Sep 10, 2008

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Gross
Federal

8,872.9
9,547.4

Held by
the public

NOTE.—Data for fiscal 2008 and fiscal 2009 are from Mid-Session Review, Budget of the
U.S. Government, Fiscal Year 2009, issued July 28, 2008. Other data (except as noted) are
from Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2009, issued February 4, 2008.
Sources: Department of the Treasury and Office of Management and Budget.

32
VerDate Aug 31 2005

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

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wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

Fiscal year or period

Surplus
or
deficit
(¥)

Federal debt (end of
period)

FEDERAL RECEIPTS BY SOURCE AND
OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION
In the first ten months of fiscal 2008, receipts were $21.4 billion lower than a year earlier and outlays were $192.6
billion higher.

[Billions of dollars]
On-budget and off-budget receipts

Fiscal year or period
Total

Individual
income
taxes

Corporation
income
taxes

Social
insurance
and
retirement
receipts

On-budget and off-budget outlays
National defense
Other

Department of
Defense,
military

Total
Total

International
affairs

Health

Medicare

Income Social
security security

Net
interest

Other

............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................

1,091.3
1,154.5
1,258.7
1,351.9
1,453.2
1,579.4
1,722.0
1,827.6

476.0
509.7
543.1
590.2
656.4
737.5
828.6
879.5

100.3
117.5
140.4
157.0
171.8
182.3
188.7
184.7

413.7
428.3
461.5
484.5
509.4
539.4
571.8
611.8

101.4
99.0
113.8
120.2
115.5
120.3
132.9
151.7

1,381.6
1,409.5
1,461.9
1,515.9
1,560.6
1,601.3
1,652.7
1,702.0

298.4
291.1
281.6
272.1
265.8
270.5
268.2
274.8

286.8
278.5
268.6
259.4
253.1
258.3
255.8
261.2

16.1
17.2
17.1
16.4
13.5
15.2
13.1
15.2

89.5
99.4
107.1
115.4
119.4
123.8
131.4
141.1

119.0
130.6
144.7
159.9
174.2
190.0
192.8
190.4

199.6
210.0
217.2
223.8
229.7
235.0
237.8
242.5

287.6
304.6
319.6
335.8
349.7
365.3
379.2
390.0

199.3
198.7
202.9
232.1
241.1
244.0
241.1
229.8

172.2
158.0
171.7
160.3
167.3
157.4
189.0
218.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
(estimates) .........................
(estimates) .........................

2,025.5
1,991.4
1,853.4
1,782.5
1,880.3
2,153.9
2,407.3
2,568.2
2,552.9
2,651.4

1,004.5
994.3
858.3
793.7
809.0
927.2
1,043.9
1,163.5
1,169.0
1,250.4

207.3
151.1
148.0
131.8
189.4
278.3
353.9
370.2
309.3
304.1

652.9
694.0
700.8
713.0
733.4
794.1
837.8
869.6
901.2
931.5

160.9
152.0
146.2
144.1
148.5
154.2
171.6
164.9
173.5
165.5

1,789.2
1,863.2
2,011.2
2,160.1
2,293.0
2,472.2
2,655.4
2,730.2
2,942.4
3,133.2

294.4
304.8
348.5
404.8
455.8
495.3
521.8
552.6
605.7
682.1

281.1
290.2
331.9
387.2
436.5
474.1
499.3
529.8
582.2
656.7

17.2
16.5
22.4
21.2
26.9
34.6
29.5
28.5
32.4
39.9

154.5
172.3
196.5
219.6
240.1
250.6
252.8
266.4
284.9
301.4

197.1
217.4
230.9
249.4
269.4
298.6
329.9
375.4
392.5
411.9

253.7
269.8
312.7
334.6
333.1
345.8
352.5
366.0
435.7
431.3

409.4
433.0
456.0
474.7
495.5
523.3
548.5
586.2
615.8
656.1

222.9
206.2
170.9
153.1
160.2
184.0
226.6
237.1
231.8
228.0

239.9
243.4
273.3
302.7
311.9
339.9
393.8
318.1
343.6
382.5

Cumulative total, first 10
months: 1
Fiscal year 2007 ......................
Fiscal year 2008 ......................

2,115.8
2,094.4

964.7
943.9

289.2
246.8

729.0
758.3

132.9 2,273.2
145.4 2,465.8

461.6
515.2

437.7
491.0

23.5
22.6

222.0
235.1

311.9
322.4

315.6
373.6

487.1
513.0

201.4
209.0

250.1
274.9

1 Data from current issue Monthly Treasury Statement. Data for Department of Defense,
military, include a small amount classified as international affairs, and not included in national
defense.

NOTE.—Data for fiscal 2008 and fiscal 2009 are from Mid-Session Review, Budget of the
U.S. Government, Fiscal Year 2009, issued July 28, 2008. Other data (except as noted) are
from Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2009, issued February 4, 2008.
Sources: Department of the Treasury and Office of Management and Budget.

33
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1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

FEDERAL SECTOR, NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTS BASIS
In the second quarter of 2008, according to revised estimates, Federal current receipts fell $181.5 billion (annual
rate), while Federal current expenditures rose $123.9 billion.

[Billions of dollars; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual rates]
Federal Government current receipts

Total
Total 1

Calendar year:
1998 .................
1999 .................
2000 .................
2001 .................
2002 .................
2003 ................
2004 ................
2005 ................
2006 ................
2007 ................
2005: I ...............
II .............
III ............
IV ............
2006: I ...............
II .............
III ............
IV ............
2007: I ...............
II .............
III ............
IV ............
2008: I r ..............
II r ............
1 Includes

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

2 Includes

1,773.8
1,891.2
2,053.8
2,016.2
1,853.2
1,879.9
2,008.9
2,266.9
2,510.4
2,651.2
2,225.7
2,264.1
2,214.5
2,363.3
2,453.6
2,487.6
2,531.9
2,568.6
2,612.8
2,648.1
2,664.9
2,679.2
2,672.5
2,491.0

1,116.8
1,195.7
1,313.6
1,252.2
1,075.5
1,070.8
1,152.3
1,383.0
1,550.2
1,644.5
1,338.8
1,369.2
1,375.8
1,448.0
1,504.7
1,535.1
1,570.9
1,590.2
1,615.2
1,648.2
1,654.4
1,660.0
1,634.9
1,446.7

Personal
current
taxes
825.8
893.0
999.1
994.5
830.5
774.5
797.4
930.7
1,049.9
1,167.3
894.9
917.8
944.2
965.8
1,018.8
1,031.6
1,056.0
1,093.2
1,139.5
1,157.1
1,178.1
1,194.7
1,201.2
1,007.7

Taxes
on
production and
imports
81.1
83.9
87.8
85.8
87.3
89.7
94.6
99.2
98.0
97.7
97.1
101.2
100.0
98.5
97.8
98.2
98.6
97.4
97.7
96.9
98.2
98.0
95.8
97.2

Taxes
on
corporate
income
204.2
213.0
219.4
164.7
150.5
197.8
250.3
341.0
388.9
365.4
335.4
339.8
318.0
370.6
377.3
394.4
404.6
379.5
365.6
381.5
365.1
349.5
322.5
327.1

613.8
651.6
691.7
717.5
734.3
758.9
805.2
850.0
902.4
942.3
835.0
842.5
857.0
865.7
893.6
895.7
902.6
917.7
937.1
936.4
943.3
952.3
968.9
973.3

Federal Government current expenditures

Income
receipts
on
assets

Current
transfer
receipts

Current
surplus
of government
enterprises

21.5
21.5
25.2
24.9
20.2
22.9
23.8
24.0
25.7
29.2
24.1
25.0
23.8
23.1
23.7
24.9
26.0
28.2
28.4
29.0
29.8
29.5
29.9
31.5

21.5
22.7
25.7
27.1
24.8
25.0
28.8
15.0
35.7
37.5
31.0
31.8
¥35.8
32.8
34.7
35.5
36.0
36.5
37.0
37.2
37.6
38.2
39.4
40.0

0.1
¥.3
¥2.3
¥5.5
¥1.6
2.3
¥1.2
¥5.0
¥3.6
¥2.2
¥3.2
¥4.4
¥6.4
¥6.2
¥3.1
¥3.5
¥3.6
¥4.0
¥5.1
¥2.8
¥.2
¥.8
¥.5
¥.5

taxes from the rest of the world, not shown separately.
a subtraction for wage accruals less disbursements, not shown separately.

Total 2

1,734.9
1,787.6
1,864.4
1,969.5
2,101.1
2,252.1
2,379.5
2,558.6
2,711.6
2,880.5
2,504.4
2,533.6
2,579.2
2,617.1
2,661.5
2,712.5
2,750.4
2,721.8
2,837.9
2,859.5
2,909.2
2,915.6
3,003.2
3,127.1

Consumption
expenditures

454.6
475.1
499.3
531.9
591.5
662.7
723.7
766.3
811.8
856.1
758.2
760.3
782.1
764.5
805.9
809.2
816.2
816.0
832.5
851.1
869.1
871.6
898.0
918.0

Current
transfer
payments

946.5
986.1
1,038.1
1,131.4
1,243.0
1,328.7
1,390.6
1,478.0
1,568.1
1,666.7
1,458.7
1,461.7
1,483.0
1,508.7
1,535.4
1,566.5
1,584.6
1,586.0
1,650.2
1,652.6
1,671.4
1,692.5
1,729.2
1,859.1

00:23 Sep 10, 2008

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298.8
282.7
283.3
258.6
229.1
212.9
221.0
255.4
282.3
312.6
233.4
253.4
253.8
281.0
266.4
287.4
301.9
273.3
309.6
310.5
323.9
306.4
329.4
302.3

Subsidies

35.0
43.8
43.8
47.6
37.5
47.8
44.2
58.9
49.4
45.2
54.2
58.2
60.4
62.9
53.8
49.4
47.8
46.5
45.6
45.2
44.8
45.1
46.6
47.9

Net
Federal
Government
saving

38.8
103.6
189.5
46.7
¥247.9
¥372.1
¥370.6
¥291.7
¥201.1
¥229.3
¥278.7
¥269.5
¥364.7
¥253.8
¥207.9
¥225.0
¥218.4
¥153.2
¥225.2
¥211.4
¥244.3
¥236.3
¥330.7
¥636.2

Note.—Revisions include changes to series affected by revised wage and salary estimates for
2008:1.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

34
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Interest
payments

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Current tax receipts
Period

Contributions
for
government
social
insurance

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND CONSUMER PRICES—MAJOR
INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES
Industrial production (2002=100; seasonally adjusted)
Period

United
States

Canada

Japan

1998 ..............................
1999 ..............................
2000 ..............................
2001 ..............................
2002 ..............................
2003 ..............................
2004 ..............................
2005 ..............................
2006 ..............................
2007 p .............................

95.4
99.5
103.7
100.1
100.0
101.2
103.8
107.2
109.6
111.4

89.2
94.4
102.6
98.4
100.0
100.1
102.2
103.9
103.5
103.5

111.4
112.0
112.0
112.3
111.8
112.3
112.4

104.3
104.1
103.7
103.4
103.7
103.1
100.2

France
r 93.8

102.5
102.7
108.5
101.2
100.0
103.0
108.0
109.4
114.3
117.5

2007: June r .................
July r ..................
Aug r ...................
Sept r ..................
Oct r ....................
Nov r ...................
Dec r ...................

Germany

117.0
117.1
120.0
118.1
120.4
118.6
119.4

Consumer prices (1982–84=100; NSA)
United
Kingdom

Italy

United
States 1

Canada

Japan

Germany

France

Italy

United
Kingdom

100.0
101.3
100.0
r 99.7
r 102.0
102.3
r 102.8
r 104.2

94.4
95.5
100.9
101.1
100.0
100.4
r 103.4
106.9
113.2
120.1

98.5
98.4
102.6
101.4
100.0
r 99.5
r 99.1
98.4
100.7
100.5

100.2
101.6
103.5
102.0
100.0
99.7
100.5
98.5
98.8
99.1

163.0
166.6
172.2
177.1
179.9
184.0
188.9
195.3
201.6
207.342

157.8
160.5
164.9
169.0
172.8
177.6
180.9
184.9
188.5
192.7

122.2
121.8
121.0
120.1
119.0
118.7
118.7
118.3
118.7
118.7

154.2
155.0
157.6
160.2
163.3
166.7
170.3
173.2
176.2
178.8

139.7
140.5
142.5
145.3
147.4
148.9
151.4
153.7
156.2
159.7

222.5
226.2
231.9
238.3
244.3
250.9
256.4
261.3
266.9
271.8

191.4
194.3
200.1
203.6
207.0
213.0
219.4
225.6
232.8
242.7

104.0
105.2
105.3
104.0
105.9
104.2
104.9

119.7
120.0
122.1
122.3
122.2
121.8
123.0

101.4
101.5
102.8
101.2
100.3
99.2
99.3

99.5
99.2
99.2
98.8
99.5
99.2
99.2

208.352
208.299
207.917
208.490
208.936
210.177
210.036

193.4
193.5
193.0
193.4
192.9
193.4
193.5

118.5
118.4
119.0
119.0
119.4
119.1
119.4

178.9
178.5
179.2
179.4
179.8
180.8
181.5

159.3
160.2
160.0
160.2
160.7
161.4
162.4

271.6
272.2
272.7
272.7
273.5
274.5
275.3

243.6
242.2
243.6
244.4
245.4
246.4
247.8

2008: Jan r ...................
112.6
100.8 118.7
105.2
123.8
100.4
99.0
211.080
193.2 119.1 181.3
Feb r ...................
112.3
100.1 120.6
105.5
123.8
100.4
99.3
211.693
193.9 118.9 181.7
Mar r ...................
112.0
98.4 116.5
104.4
123.8
100.2
98.9
213.528
194.6 119.5 183.0
Apr r ...................
111.3
99.3 116.3
105.8
123.8
100.6
98.9
214.823
196.1 119.4 183.7
May r ..................
111.1
98.6 119.6
102.7
121.3
99.2
98.1
216.632
198.0 120.3 184.6
r .................
June
111.6
98.4 117.0
102.3
121.6
99.3
97.9
218.815
199.4 120.9 185.3
July p ..................
111.8 .............. 118.1 ..............
119.4 .............. ..............
219.964
200.1 121.1 184.9
Aug p ................... .............. .............. ............ .............. .............. .............. .............. .................. .............. ............ ............

161.9
162.7
163.4
163.1
164.0
164.5
165.4
165.0

276.6
246.5
277.2
248.4
278.6
249.2
279.2
251.4
280.7
252.7
281.9
254.7
283.3
254.4
283.6 ..............

r 96.0

1 Data relate to all urban consumers.
NOTE.—See Note, p. 17, for information on U.S. industrial production series.

Source: National sources as reported by Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic
Analysis and International Trade Administration, Office of Trade and Industry Information)
and Council of Economic Advisers.

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
[Billions of dollars; monthly data seasonally adjusted]
Goods: Exports (f.a.s. value)

Goods: Imports (customs value)

Census basis (by end-use category)

Services
(BOP basis)

Balance of trade
(exports minus imports)

Census basis (by end-use category)
BOP basis

Period

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

BOP
basis

.............
670.4
.............
684.0
.............
772.0
.............
718.7
.............
682.4
.............
713.4
.............
807.5
.............
894.6
............. 1,023.1
............. 1,148.5

Total,
Census
basis 1

Auto- ConIndusmo- sumer
Foods, trial Capital tive goods
feeds,
supgoods vehi- (nonand
plies except cles, food)
bevand
auto- parts except
erages mate- motive and autorials
enmogines tive

682.1
695.8
781.9
729.1
693.1
724.8
818.8
906.0
1,036.6
1,162.5

46.4
46.0
47.9
49.4
49.6
55.0
56.6
59.0
66.0
84.3

148.3
147.5
172.6
160.1
156.8
173.0
203.9
233.0
276.0
316.3

299.4 72.4 80.3
310.8 75.3 80.9
356.9 80.4 89.4
321.7 75.4 88.3
290.4 78.9 84.4
293.7 80.6 89.9
331.4 89.2 103.2
363.3 98.4 115.3
415.0 107.0 129.1
447.4 121.0 146.1

BOP
basis

IndusAutoFoods, trial Capital motive
Total, feeds, supgoods vehiCensus and
plies except cles,
basis 1
bevand
auto- parts
erages mate- motive and enrials
gines

Consumer
goods
(nonfood)
except
automotive

Exports

Imports

Goods,
Census
basis

Goods

Services

Goods
and
services

918.6
1,031.8
1,226.7
1,148.2
1,167.4
1,264.3
1,477.1
1,681.8
1,861.4
1,967.9

911.9
1,024.6
1,218.0
1,141.0
1,161.4
1,257.1
1,469.7
1,673.5
1,853.9
1,957.0

41.2
43.6
46.0
46.6
49.7
55.8
62.1
68.1
74.9
81.7

200.1
221.4
299.0
273.9
267.7
313.8
412.8
523.8
602.0
634.7

269.5
295.7
347.0
298.0
283.3
295.9
343.6
379.3
418.3
444.5

148.7
179.0
195.9
189.8
203.7
210.1
228.2
239.4
256.6
258.9

217.0
241.9
281.8
284.3
307.8
333.9
372.9
407.2
442.6
474.9

262.8
281.9
298.6
286.2
292.3
304.3
353.1
389.1
433.9
497.2

180.7
199.2
223.7
221.8
231.1
250.4
291.2
313.5
348.9
378.1

¥229.8
¥328.8
¥436.1
¥411.9
¥468.3
¥532.4
¥650.9
¥767.5
¥817.3
¥794.5

¥248.2
¥347.8
¥454.7
¥429.5
¥485.0
¥550.9
¥669.6
¥787.1
¥838.3
¥819.4

82.1
82.7
74.9
64.4
61.2
54.0
61.8
75.6
85.0
119.1

¥166.1
¥265.1
¥379.8
¥365.1
¥423.7
¥496.9
¥607.7
¥711.6
¥753.3
¥700.3

94.9
97.5
98.5
99.5
100.4
101.0
101.8

96.0
98.7
99.6
100.4
101.4
102.4
102.9

6.7
6.9
7.5
8.1
7.7
8.0
8.0

27.0
26.5
27.4
27.6
27.6
28.0
28.7

36.7
38.2
38.1
38.1
39.0
38.8
39.4

9.9
10.9
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.8
10.1

11.8
12.3
12.4
12.6
12.5
12.3
12.8

163.5
165.3
165.2
166.2
168.1
172.7
171.4

162.9
164.2
164.2
165.1
167.2
172.0
170.5

6.8
6.9
7.0
7.0
6.9
7.1
6.9

52.8
53.5
53.5
53.5
55.1
59.2
60.3

37.2
37.2
37.3
37.9
37.7
37.9
37.7

21.4
22.2
21.9
22.1
22.2
22.1
20.7

39.5
39.1
39.2
39.4
40.0
40.3
39.7

40.9
42.5
43.6
43.3
43.7
44.2
44.3

31.3
32.0
32.3
32.0
32.4
32.4
32.4

¥66.9
¥65.5
¥64.6
¥64.7
¥65.8
¥69.6
¥67.6

¥68.7
¥67.8
¥66.7
¥66.7
¥67.7
¥71.7
¥69.5

9.5
10.5
11.3
11.3
11.4
11.8
11.9

¥59.1
¥57.3
¥55.3
¥55.5
¥56.3
¥59.9
¥57.6

2008: Jan ...
Feb ...
Mar ...
Apr ...
May r
June p
wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

2007: June ..
July ...
Aug ...
Sept ...
Oct ....
Nov ....
Dec ....

104.7
108.1
105.0
110.1
111.0
116.7

105.5
109.0
105.5
110.8
111.5
117.5

8.6
9.1
9.6
9.9
9.7
10.5

29.7
31.8
31.5
32.7
34.2
36.9

39.4
39.3
37.8
40.1
39.4
40.6

10.3
10.8
9.4
10.0
10.2
10.8

13.3
13.4
12.6
13.4
13.4
14.1

174.8
180.6
173.4
183.0
183.1
186.7

174.0
178.9
171.8
181.4
182.4
186.0

7.1
7.2
7.1
7.4
7.6
7.5

64.0
64.5
61.5
67.5
67.1
72.7

37.4
38.3
37.9
39.1
39.8
38.4

21.2
22.8
20.3
21.5
20.5
20.5

39.1
41.0
39.5
40.2
41.8
41.3

45.5
45.4
45.6
46.1
47.0
47.7

33.2
33.5
33.6
33.6
34.1
34.5

¥68.6
¥69.9
¥66.3
¥70.6
¥70.8
¥68.6

¥70.1
¥72.5
¥68.4
¥73.0
¥72.1
¥70.0

12.3
11.9
11.9
12.5
12.9
13.3

¥57.9
¥60.6
¥56.5
¥60.5
¥59.2
¥56.8

1 Total includes ‘‘other’’ exports or imports, not shown separately.
NOTE.—BOP refers to balance of payments on international transactions basis. BOP data
shown here are consistent with figures shown on pp. 36 and 37.

Source: Department of Commerce (Bureau of the Census and Bureau of Economic Analysis).

35
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U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS
In the first quarter of 2008, the goods deficit rose to $211.0 billion, from $208.9 billion in the fourth quarter. The
current account deficit rose to $176.4 billion in the first quarter, from $167.2 billion in the fourth quarter.

[Millions of dollars; quarterly data seasonally adjusted. Credits (+), debits (¥)]
Goods 1

Period
Exports

Imports

Services

Balance
on
goods

Net
military
transactions 2

Net
travel
and
transportation

Income receipts and payments

Other
services,
net

Balance
on
goods
and
services

Receipts

Payments

Balance
on
income

Unilateral
current
transfers,
net 3

Balance
on
current
account

..............
..............
..............
..............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

670,416
683,965
771,994
718,712
682,422
713,415
807,516
894,631
1,023,109
1,148,481

¥918,637
¥1,031,784
¥1,226,684
¥1,148,231
¥1,167,377
¥1,264,307
¥1,477,094
¥1,681,780
¥1,861,380
¥1,967,853

¥248,221
¥347,819
¥454,690
¥429,519
¥484,955
¥550,892
¥669,578
¥787,149
¥838,270
¥819,373

5,220
2,593
317
¥2,296
¥7,158
¥11,981
¥13,518
¥10,536
¥13,602
¥16,768

10,210
7,085
2,486
¥3,254
¥4,245
¥11,475
¥14,275
¥13,006
¥10,788
2,181

66,651
73,051
72,052
69,943
72,633
77,433
89,640
99,124
109,377
133,702

¥166,140
¥265,090
¥379,835
¥365,126
¥423,725
¥496,915
¥607,730
¥711,567
¥753,283
¥700,258

261,819
293,925
350,918
290,797
280,942
320,456
413,739
535,263
685,150
817,779

¥257,554
¥280,037
¥329,864
¥259,075
¥253,544
¥275,147
¥346,519
¥462,905
¥627,956
¥736,030

4,265
13,888
21,054
31,722
27,398
45,309
67,219
72,358
57,194
81,749

¥53,187
¥50,428
¥58,645
¥51,295
¥64,948
¥71,794
¥84,482
¥89,784
¥92,027
¥112,705

¥215,062
¥301,630
¥417,426
¥384,699
¥461,275
¥523,400
¥624,993
¥728,993
¥788,116
¥731,214

2005: I ........
II .......
III .....
IV .....

214,857
223,728
223,603
232,443

¥399,862
¥412,411
¥422,752
¥446,754

¥185,005
¥188,683
¥199,149
¥214,312

¥2,724
¥2,699
¥2,211
¥2,902

¥4,155
¥2,791
¥2,884
¥3,177

25,886
23,442
23,899
25,893

¥165,997
¥170,729
¥180,345
¥194,497

124,653
128,487
136,138
145,986

¥104,069
¥110,615
¥115,595
¥132,627

20,584
17,872
20,543
13,358

¥28,644
¥24,964
¥9,090
¥27,085

¥174,057
¥177,821
¥168,892
¥208,223

2006: I ........
II .......
III .....
IV .....

244,679
253,332
259,277
265,821

¥453,286
¥465,016
¥477,900
¥465,178

¥208,607
¥211,684
¥218,623
¥199,356

¥3,121
¥3,482
¥3,641
¥3,358

¥2,853
¥2,885
¥2,622
¥2,429

25,493
26,209
27,414
30,258

¥189,087
¥191,841
¥197,471
¥174,885

155,683
170,011
176,251
183,205

¥141,031
¥153,960
¥164,969
¥167,996

14,652
16,051
11,282
15,209

¥21,516
¥24,116
¥24,716
¥21,679

¥195,952
¥199,906
¥210,906
¥181,355

2007: I ........
II .......
III .....
IV .....

270,318
279,488
295,494
303,180

¥473,681
¥485,375
¥496,698
¥512,099

¥203,363
¥205,887
¥201,204
¥208,919

¥3,286
¥4,085
¥4,251
¥5,146

¥1,587
¥806
1,064
3,509

28,692
31,960
36,276
36,773

¥179,543
¥178,819
¥168,114
¥173,783

186,746
202,171
213,520
215,343

¥173,959
¥192,492
¥190,562
¥179,016

12,787
9,679
22,958
36,327

¥30,174
¥24,953
¥27,796
¥29,784

¥196,930
¥194,093
¥172,952
¥167,241

2008: I p ......

317,813

¥528,845

¥211,032

¥4,715

2,719

199,457 ¥169,686

29,771

¥31,227

¥176,376

1 Adjusted

from Census data for differences in timing and coverage; excludes military.
2 Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts (exports) minus direct defense expenditures (imports).

38,108 ¥174,920
3 Includes

transfers of goods and services under U.S. military grant programs.
See p. 37 for continuation of table.

36
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wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS—Continued
In the financial account, U.S. claims on foreigners reported by U.S. banks increased $218.9 billion in the first quarter
of 2008, following an increase of $115.9 billion in the fourth quarter. U.S. liabilities to private foreigners reported
by U.S. banks, excluding Treasury securities, increased $85.7 billion in the first quarter, following an increase of
$124.0 billion in the fourth quarter.

[Millions of dollars; quarterly data seasonally adjusted. Credits (+), debits (¥)]
Financial account

Period

Total

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2005:

.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2006: I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2007: I ....
II ...
III
IV ..
2008: I p ...

¥766
¥353,829
¥4,939
¥504,062
¥1,010
¥560,523
¥1,270
¥382,616
¥1,470
¥294,646
¥3,480
¥325,424
¥2,369 ¥1,000,870
¥4,036
¥546,631
¥3,880 ¥1,251,749
¥1,843 ¥1,289,854
¥2,594
¥129,175
¥510
¥222,397
¥467
¥204,361
¥465
9,302
¥1,716
¥359,608
¥1,005
¥234,828
¥533
¥286,769
¥626
¥370,543
¥543
¥442,065
¥112
¥523,556
¥617
¥170,476
¥571
¥153,757
¥597
¥286,627

U.S.
official
reserve
assets 4

¥6,783
8,747
¥290
¥4,911
¥3,681
1,523
2,805
14,096
2,374
¥122
5,331
¥797
4,766
4,796
513
¥560
1,006
1,415
¥72
26
¥54
¥22
¥276

Other U.S.
Government
assets

Statistical discrepancy

Foreign-owned assets in the U.S.,
excluding financial derivatives
[increase/financial inflow (+)]
U.S.
private
assets

¥422
¥346,624
2,750
¥515,559
¥941
¥559,292
¥486
¥377,219
345
¥291,310
537
¥327,484
1,710 ¥1,005,385
5,539
¥566,266
5,346 ¥1,259,469
¥22,273 ¥1,267,459
2,591
¥137,097
989
¥222,589
1,501
¥210,628
459
4,047
1,049
¥361,170
1,765
¥236,033
1,570
¥289,346
962
¥372,920
445
¥442,438
¥596
¥522,985
623
¥171,045
¥22,744
¥130,990
3,346
¥289,697

Total

420,794
742,210
1,038,224
782,870
795,161
858,303
1,533,201
1,247,347
2,061,113
2,057,703
234,182
304,880
425,404
282,881
537,649
405,008
524,858
593,598
692,713
718,112
266,476
380,402
410,962

4 Consists of gold, special drawing rights (SDRs), foreign currencies, and the U.S. reserve
position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Foreign
official
assets

¥19,903
43,543
42,758
28,059
115,945
278,069
397,755
259,268
487,939
411,058
25,052
81,292
54,736
98,188
130,427
127,303
121,843
108,366
163,270
88,822
13,469
145,497
173,501

Other
foreign
assets

440,697
698,667
995,466
754,811
679,216
580,234
1,135,446
988,079
1,573,174
1,646,645
209,130
223,588
370,668
184,693
407,222
277,705
403,015
485,232
529,443
629,290
253,007
234,905
237,461

Financial
derivatives,
net

Total (sum
of the items
with sign
reversed)

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
29,710
6,496
..................
..................
..................
..................
1,633
14,090
15,134
¥1,147
14,795
¥1,007
5,942
¥13,234
..................

148,863
68,421
¥59,265
¥14,285
¥37,770
¥6,000
95,030
32,313
¥47,078
¥41,287
71,644
95,848
¥51,683
¥83,495
17,994
16,641
¥41,784
¥39,927
¥67,970
656
71,627
¥45,600
52,638

Of which:
Seasonal
adjustment
discrepancy

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
12,224
¥1,323
¥21,122
10,222
10,054
587
¥19,426
8,787
12,192
722
¥21,805
8,892
9,512

U.S. official
reserve
assets, net 4
(unadjusted,
end of
period)

81,761
71,516
67,647
68,654
79,006
85,938
86,824
65,127
65,895
70,565
78,942
76,594
71,273
65,127
65,354
67,935
66,217
65,895
66,551
66,127
69,070
70,565
75,764

Sources: Department of Commerce (Bureau of Economic Analysis) and Department of the
Treasury.

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U.S.-owned assets abroad,
excluding financial derivatives
[increase/financial outflow (¥)]

Capital
account
transactions,
net

Contents
Page

TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING
Gross Domestic Product ..........................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Gross Domestic Product ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Implicit Price Deflators for Gross Domestic Product ..............................................................................................................................................
Gross Domestic Product and Related Price Measures: Indexes and Percent Changes ..............................................................................................
Nonfinancial Corporate Business—Gross Value Added and Price, Costs, and Profits .............................................................................................
National Income ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Personal Consumption Expenditures ...............................................................................................................................................................
Sources of Personal Income ......................................................................................................................................................................................
Disposition of Personal Income ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Farm Income ............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Corporate Profits ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Real Gross Private Domestic Investment ................................................................................................................................................................
Real Private Fixed Investment by Type ..................................................................................................................................................................
Business Investment ................................................................................................................................................................................................

1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES
Status of the Labor Force .........................................................................................................................................................................................
Selected Unemployment Rates ................................................................................................................................................................................
Selected Measures of Unemployment and Unemployment Insurance Programs ......................................................................................................
Nonagricultural Employment ..................................................................................................................................................................................
Average Weekly Hours, Hourly Earnings, and Weekly Earnings—Private Nonagricultural Industries .................................................................
Employment Cost Index—Private Industry .............................................................................................................................................................
Productivity and Related Data, Business Sector ......................................................................................................................................................

11
12
13
14
15
15
16

PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY
Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization .......................................................................................................................................................
Industrial Production—Major Market Groups and Selected Manufactures ..............................................................................................................
New Construction ....................................................................................................................................................................................................
New Private Housing and Vacancy Rates ...............................................................................................................................................................
Business Sales and Inventories—Manufacturing and Trade .....................................................................................................................................
Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories, and Orders .................................................................................................................................................

17
18
19
19
20
21

PRICES
Producer Prices ........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Consumer Prices—All Urban Consumers ................................................................................................................................................................
Changes in Producer Prices for Finished Goods ......................................................................................................................................................
Changes in Consumer Prices—All Urban Consumers .............................................................................................................................................
Prices Received and Paid by Farmers ......................................................................................................................................................................

22
23
24
24
25

MONEY, CREDIT, AND SECURITY MARKETS
Money Stock and Debt Measures .............................................................................................................................................................................
Components of Money Stock ...................................................................................................................................................................................
Aggregate Reserves and Monetary Base ...................................................................................................................................................................
Bank Credit at All Commercial Banks ....................................................................................................................................................................
Sources and Uses of Funds, Nonfarm Nonfinancial Corporate Business ..................................................................................................................
Consumer Credit ......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Interest Rates and Bond Yields ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Common Stock Prices and Yields ............................................................................................................................................................................

26
27
27
28
29
29
30
31

FEDERAL FINANCE
Federal Receipts, Outlays, and Debt .......................................................................................................................................................................
Federal Receipts by Source and Outlays by Function ..............................................................................................................................................
Federal Sector, National Income Accounts Basis .....................................................................................................................................................

32
33
34

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
Industrial Production and Consumer Prices—Major Industrial Countries ...............................................................................................................
U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services ......................................................................................................................................................
U.S. International Transactions ................................................................................................................................................................................

35
35
36

wwoods2 on PRODPC68 with ECOIND

General Notes
Detail in these tables may not add to totals because of rounding.
Unless otherwise noted, all dollar figures are in current dollars.
Symbols used:
p Preliminary.
r Revised.
c Corrected.
… Not available (also, not applicable).
NSA not seasonally adjusted.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402. Price $5.00 (single copy) ($7.00 foreign).
Subscription price: $58.00 per year; $81.20 for foreign mailing.

38
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102