View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

For Release in MORNING Newspapers of Sunday* S o w 14, 1946.
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Phi IadeI phi a
STATISTICAL SERIES
Release No. 764
VOLUME AND COMPOSITION OF INDIVIDUALS' SAVING, JAN.-MAR., 1946
The rate of saving by individuals l/ decline^ considerably during the first quarter
of 1946, according to the quarterly analysis made public today by the Securities and
Exchange Commission. Total liquid saving during the three months January through March
amounted to $2.9 billion, 2/ only one-third the amount saved during the previous
quarter. Saving during the first quarter of 1946 was at the lowest rate since the
middle of 1941. The decline in saving is partly attributable to the drop in disposable
income and to seasonal influences, but also reflects a marked decrease from the high
war-time levels in the proportion of income saved adjusted for seasonal variation.
During the first three months of this year individuals added $1.5 billion to their
holdings of cash and deposits and $700 million to their holdings of U. S. Government
securities. They also added $800 million to their equity in private insurance, mostly
life insurance, $800 million to their equity in government insurance, and $200 million
to their investment in savings and loan associations. At the same time they increased
their mortgage indebtedness by $400 million, other consumer indebtedness by $200
million, and reduced their holdings of securities other than U. S. Government by $600
million0
The growth in individuals' cash and deposits was more than accounted for by the
$1.7 billion increase in time and savings deposits, approximately the same amount as in
the previous quarter. Demand deposits increased only $200 million while holdings of
currency were reduced by $400 million contrasted with increases of $2.7 billion and $400
million, respectively, during the last quarter of 1945. There was a net increase in
individuals1 holdings of U. S. savings bonds during this quarter amounting to $100
million. However, this was more than accounted for by purchases of the larger Series G
bonds, with redemptions exceeding sales for the more widely held Series E bonds. There
was also an increase in individuals* equity in U. S. Government securities other than
savings bonds amounting to $600 million, reflecting net purchases of almost $400 million
and a repayment of bank loans of more than $200 million.
Of the remaining components of individuals! saving during the first quarter of
this year, equity in private insurance rose by $800 million while government insurance
also increased by $800 million, largely due to the National Service Life Insurance
Fund. It is interesting to note that the Unemployment Insurance Trust Fund, reflected
in government insurance, showed a substantial drop due to large benefit payments.
There was a considerable decline in individuals' holdings of securities other than U. S.
Government amounting to $600 million. This was mainly attributable to large net retirements of corporate bonds and increase in institutional holdings which more than offset the increase in outstanding stock issues. The only other significant development
in the composition of individuals' saving in this quarter was the increase in consumer
indebtedness. Mortgage debt increased by $400 million while consumer debt other than
mortgages increased by $200 million although, seasonally, a drop in the latter type of
indebtedness would be expected.
The above discussion is based on data presented in the following table.
l/ In this analysis individuals' saving includes unincorporated business saving of types
specified in the attached table. Corporate and Government saving are not included.
The change in individuals1 equity in Government insurance is, however, considered
as part of individuals' saving.
2/ This does not reflect the increase in inventories of unincorporated business (net of
the change in notes and accounts payable). Although the amount of this increase is
not known, it is believed to have been in the neighborhood of $250 million in the
first quarter of 1946.



Gross Saving by Individuals in the United States 1/
1940 - 1946
(Billions of dollars)

1940

1945

24.3 38.7 45.4 48.4
10.4 29.4 37.8 40.4

1942

1943

1945
Jan.- Apr.- July- Oct.March June Sept. Dec.

46.2
37.2

10.5
8.7

11.9
9.8

12.1
10.0

5.6
2.9

4.7
.3

1.5
- .2
f

3.0
.2

4.9 •11.4 +15.3 +16.9 +19.2
.4 • .3 + r 6+ .8 + 1.1

+
+

5.0
.2

+
+

1.7 + 2.1 • 2.5 + 3.1 + 3.5 + 3.7
1.2 + 1.8 • 2.4 + 3.8 + 4.7 • 5.1
2.9 + 3.8 • 4.9 + 6.9 + 8.2 + 8.8

+
+
+

.9 + .9 + .8 + 1.0
1.3 + 1.5 + 1.3 1.0
2.2 + 2.5 + 2.1 + 2.0

+

1.4
.1
.1
.3
1.0

+
+
-

—

+
+

• 9+
.4 +
.1 • 5.2 +
2.5
,9
1.7

+

8.8

-

1.1 -

+
•

+

• 8.0 +11.1 +11.8 + 6.9
+ 1.9 + 2,7 + 3.6 + 3.5
— *2 + .2 - .2 - •3
• .3 - .2 - .3 - .9
•10.0 +13.8 +14.9 + 9.2

3.0 + 1.6 + 1.0 + .8 + 1.0
0 + .3
.9 + .1 - .3
2.1 + 1.5 + 1.3 + .8 + .7
+ 7.6 + 6.6 + 7.2

-

-

+

+
+
-

-

+

+

.1
.2
.3

+

+
-

+
+

2.7
.3

+
+

6.7
.3

+
+

3.0 • .9 + 1.5
2.2 - .3 + 1.7
0 - •1
.1
.6 + •3 - .3
4.5 + .9 + 2.8
.2 •
.1 +
.1 +

•

8.0

+

1.7

+

1.9

.6 + 2.9 + 1.0 - .4 -

.8

+

.2

-

.1

to

+
+
+

2.8
.8
.2
.5
2.9

+
+

+

.3
.1
.2

1946
JanT^
March

11.5
8.7

+
+

i

Gross Saving by .Type
1. Currency and bank deposits
2. Savings and loan associations
3. Insurance and pension reserves
a. Private insurance
b. Government insurance
c. Total
4. Securities 3/
a. U. S. Savings bonds
be Other U. S. Government
c. State and local governments
d. Corporate and other
e. Total
5. Non-farm dwellings
a. Purchases 4/
b. Change in debt
c. Saving (a. minus b.)
6. Automobiles and other durable
consumers1 goods 5/
7. Liquidation of deEt, not
elsewhere classified 6/

1944

15.3
4.0

Gross Saving
Liquid Saving 2/

1941

>
•

.4
.3
.1

f
2.0 - 2.4
0

• .8
k
.8
+ 1.6

>

>
•

.6
.4
4 a
-

+
+

4 2.2
-

.9

1/ Includes unincorporated business saving of the types specified. Does not include corporate or
~ government saving*
2/ Gross saving excluding purchases of homes as well as of automobiles and other durable consumers1
~ goods.
3/ Does not include net purchases by brokers and dealers or by other individuals financed by bank
~ loans.
~
4/ New construction of one- to four-family non-farm homes less net acquisition of properties by non~ individuals.
5/ Purchases. Based on Department of Commerce data.
~ passenger cars sold in the United States#

The figures shown above include all new

6/ Largely attributable to purchases of automobiles and other durable consumers' goods, although
including some debt arising from purchases of consumption goods. The other segments of
individuals1 debt have been allocated to the assets to which they pertain, viz., saving in savings
and loan associations, insurance, securities and homes.
Note t Figures are rounded and will not necessarily add to totals*
The foregoing data have been compiled by the Commission froa many different
sources. Because of the nature of the figures, current data are necessarily
estimates and, therefore, are subject to revision.




.1
.6
0
.6
.1

.2