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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
USDL-99-296
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
TRANSMISSION OF
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
MATERIAL IN THIS
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
INTERNET ADDRESS:
Tuesday, October 19, 1999
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

SEPTEMBER 1999

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.5
percent in September, before seasonal adjustment, to a level of 167.9
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of
Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in September, the CPIU increased 2.6 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) rose 0.5 in September, prior to seasonal adjustment. The
September level of 164.7 was 2.8 percent higher than the index in
September 1998.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.4 percent in
September, following increases of 0.3 percent in each of the preceding two
months. In September, energy costs increased sharply for the third
consecutive month--up 1.7 percent--accounting for about one quarter of the
advance in the overall CPI-U. The index for petroleum-based energy rose
2.7 percent in September, and the index for energy services increased 0.8
percent. For the third consecutive month in September, the food index
increased 0.2 percent. The index for food at home, which rose 0.1 percent
in both July and August, increased 0.3 percent in September, reflecting a
jump in the index for dairy products. Excluding food and energy, the CPIU rose 0.3 percent in September, following an increase of 0.1 percent in
August. Upturns in the indexes for apparel and for cigarettes, coupled
with a larger increase in shelter costs, accounted for the acceleration in
the September all items less food and energy index.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound
adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
12-mos.
Category
1999
3-mos. ended
Ended

All Items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Education and
communication
Other goods and
services
Special Indexes
Energy
Food
All Items less
food and energy

Mar.
.2
-.2
.2
-.3
.7
.2
.0

Apr.
.7
.1
.4
1.5
2.4
.4
.3

.0

.1

-.1

.0

.2

.2

.0

1.6

1.0

-.6

1.0

-.2

.2

.9

-.2

1.9

10.3

9.2

1.6
-.2

6.1 -1.3 -1.2
.1
.4
.0

2.1
.2

2.7
.2

1.7
.2

29.4
2.5

10.2
2.2

.2

.1

.3

2.5

2.0

.1

.4

May June July Aug. Sep.
.0
.0
.3
.3
.4
.4
.0
.2
.2
.2
.1
.2
.1
.2
.4
-.2 -.4 -.9 -.3 1.2
-.5 -.6 1.2
.9
.6
.2
.4
.3
.4
.3
.2
.0
.0
.0 -.5

.1

.1

Sep. `99
4.2
2.5
2.7
.0
11.4
3.9
-1.9

Sep. `99
2.6
2.2
2.3
-1.3
4.1
3.4
.4

Consumer prices rose at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of
4.2 percent in the third quarter. This followed increases of 1.5 and 2.9
percent rate in the first and second quarters, respectively, and brings
the year-to-date annual rate to 2.8 percent. This compares with an
increase of 1.6 percent for all of 1998. The acceleration in 1999
reflects an upturn in petroleum-based energy prices. The energy index,
which declined 8.8 percent in 1998, has risen at a 16.1 percent SAAR thus
far in 1999. In the nine months of 1999, petroleum-based energy costs
increased at a 35.2 percent SAAR, and charges for energy services rose at
a 2.2 percent annual rate. The food index has risen at a 2.0 percent SAAR
thus far in 1999, following a 2.3 percent increase for all of 1998.
Grocery store food prices, which advanced 2.1 percent in 1998, have risen
at a 1.6 percent rate thus far in 1999, reflecting in part, deceleration
in the index for dairy products.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced at a 2.5 percent SAAR
in the third quarter, following increases of 0.9 and 2.3 percent,
respectively, in the first two quarters of 1999. The 1.9 percent SAAR in
the first nine months of 1999 compares with a 2.4 percent rise for all of
1998. Deceleration in the indexes for shelter and for tobacco and smoking
products were largely responsible for the smaller rate of advance thus far
in 1999. The rates for selected groups for the last five and threequarter years are shown below.
Percentage change 12 months
ended in December

SAAR 9
mos. ended

All items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Education and
communication
Other goods and
services

in Sep.
1997
1998
1.7
1.6
1.6
2.3
2.4
2.3
1.0
-0.7
-1.4
-1.7
2.8
3.4
1.5
1.2

1994
2.7
2.7
2.2
-1.6
3.8
4.9
1.4

1995
2.5
2.1
3.0
0.1
1.5
3.9
2.8

1996
3.3
4.2
2.9
-0.2
4.4
3.0
3.0

3.3

4.0

3.4

3.0

0.7

1.1

4.2

4.3

3.6

5.2

8.8

6.5

-1.3
-3.3
0.8
2.9
2.1

8.6
13.8
3.8
2.9
4.3

-3.4
-6.9
0.2
2.1
1.5

-8.8
-15.1
-3.3
2.4
2.3

16.1
35.2
2.2
1.9
2.0

3.0

2.6

2.2

Special indexes
Energy
2.2
Energy commodities
5.2
Energy services
-0.6
All items less energy 2.6
Food
2.9
All items less food
and energy
2.6

2.4

1999
2.8
2.0
2.2
-.9
6.0
3.7
.4

1.9

The food and beverages major group rose 0.2 percent in September,
with the index for food at home up 0.3 percent. The index for dairy
products, which turned up in August, rose 1.4 percent in September,
accounting for about half of the September food at home advance. Also
contributing to the September advance were increases in the indexes for
cereal and bakery products and for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs--up 0.6
and 0.4 percent, respectively. Within the latter group, prices for beef
and pork each increased 1.1 percent and poultry prices rose 0.8 percent.
Partially offsetting these advances were declines in the indexes for
fruits and vegetables and for nonalcoholic beverages. The index for other
food at home was unchanged. Within the fruits and vegetables group, the
index for fresh fruits decreased 3.2 percent, while the index for fresh
vegetables rose 3.8 percent. The index for processed fruits and
vegetables declined 1.0 percent. The other two components of the food and
beverages index--food away from home and alcoholic beverages-- increased
0.1 and 0.2 percent, respectively.
The index for housing rose 0.4 percent in September, following an
increase of 0.2 percent in August. Shelter costs rose 0.3 percent in
September. Within shelter, the indexes for rent and for owners'
equivalent rent increased 0.3 and 0.2 percent, respectively, while the

index for lodging away from home rose 2.1 percent. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, the index for lodging while away from home declined 2.8
percent.) The index for fuels and utilities increased 0.9 percent in
September. The index for household fuels rose 1.1 percent, reflecting
increases in each of the three major household fuels. Charges for natural
gas and electricity rose 2.7 and 0.1 percent, respectively, and the index
for fuel oil increased 6.2 percent. The index for household furnishings
and operations rose 0.1 percent in September, the same as in August.
The transportation component advanced for the third consecutive month-up 0.6 percent in September. The gasoline index increased sharply for
the third consecutive month--up 2.6 percent in September, following
increases of 4.3 and 5.6 percent in July and August, respectively.
Gasoline prices have risen 28.0 percent thus far in 1999, but as of
September are 7.7 percent lower than their peak level in November 1990.
The index for new and used vehicles rose 0.5 percent in September. The
index for new vehicles increased 0.2 percent, reflecting in part the
introduction of 2000 model cars. (About 13 percent of the new vehicle
sample was represented by 2000 models.) The index for used cars and
trucks rose 1.2 percent in September, its fifth consecutive large
increase. Airline fares, which declined 2.7 percent in August, fell 1.7
percent in September.
The index for apparel, which declined in each of the preceding four
months, rose 1.2 percent in September. (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
apparel prices rose 3.4 percent, reflecting the introduction of higher
priced fall-winter wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in September to a level 3.4
percent above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities-prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased
0.4 percent, with the index for prescription drugs up 0.3 percent. The
index for medical care services rose 0.2 percent. Charges for
professional services and for hospital and related services increased 0.2
and 0.4 percent, respectively.
The index for recreation costs declined 0.5 percent in September,
following three consecutive months of no change. Decreases were recorded
in the indexes for virtually all major recreational groups, with the
exception of recreational reading materials, which rose 0.3 percent. The
categories registering declines include video and audio equipment, pets,
pet products and services, sporting goods and equipment, photography,
toys, and for recreational services.
The index for education and communication was unchanged in September.

Educational costs rose 0.3 percent, and the index for communication
declined 0.3 percent. Within the latter group, the index for personal
computers and peripheral equipment declined 2.4 percent, and the index for
telephone services decreased 0.2 percent.
The index for other goods and services increased 1.9 percent in
September, following a 0.2 percent decrease in August. The index for
tobacco and smoking products, which fell 1.3 percent in August, rose 6.5
percent in September, reflecting the pass-through of an 18-cent-a-pack
increase in wholesale cigarette prices announced in late August.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.5 percent in September.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound
adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
12-mos.
Category
1999
3-mos. ended
Ended
Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep.
Sep. `99
Sep. `99
All Items
.1
.7
.0
.0
.4
.2
.5
4.8
2.8
Food and
beverages
-.2
.1
.3
.1
.2
.2
.3
2.7
2.2
Housing
.3
.3
.1
.1
.2
.1
.4
2.8
2.2
Apparel
-.4
1.4 -.1 -.5 -.7 -.5 1.3
.3
-1.1
Transportation
.6
2.6 -.4 -.5 1.2 1.0
.8
12.7
4.6
Medical care
.3
.4
.2
.4
.3
.2
.4
3.7
3.4
Recreation
-.1
.2
.2
.1
.0 -.1 -.5
-2.3
.0
Education and
communication
.0
-.1
.0
.1
.2
.1
.0
1.2
1.0
Other goods and
services
-1.0
1.4 -.4
.3 1.2 -.4 2.4
13.4
11.7
Special Indexes
Energy
2.0
Food
-.2
All Items less
food and energy .0

6.4 -1.4 -1.2
.1
.3
.1
.4

.1

.1

2.3
.1

2.8
.2

1.8
.2

31.9
2.5

11.1
2.2

.2

.1

.4

2.8

2.1

Consumer Price Index data for October are scheduled for release on
Wednesday, November 17, 1999, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).

___________________________________________________________________________
A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes
seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each
month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy,
seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred since they
eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
same time and in about the same magnitude every year--such
as price movements resulting from changing climatic
conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays,
and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements
and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to
the Consumer Price Index unadjusted for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally
adjusted indexes are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal
Adjustment Method. The updated seasonal data at the end of
1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977. Subsequent
annual updates have replaced 5 years of seasonal data, e.g.,
data from 1994 through 1998 were replaced at the end of
1998. The seasonal movement of all items and 54 other
aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal movement
of 73 selected components. Each year the seasonal status of
every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. If any of the 73 components change their seasonal
adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used for the
last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes will be
used before that period.
Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items
index levels, are subject to revision for up to five years
after their original release. For this reason, BLS advises

against the use of these data in escalation agreements.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors
for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention
Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.
Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme values
and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal
pattern are estimated and removed from the data prior to
calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the
calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA
software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment.
For the fuel oil and the motor fuels indexes, this
procedure was used to offset the effects that extreme price
volatility would otherwise have had on the estimates of
seasonally adjusted data for those series. For some women's
apparel indexes and the girls' apparel index, the procedure
was used to offset the effects of changes in pricing
methodology. For the tobacco and smoking products index,
this procedure was used to offset the effects wholesale
tobacco prices and legal fees passed on to consumers. For
some alcoholic beverage series, Intervention Analysis
Seasonal Adjustment was used to offset the effects of excise
tax increases. For the Nonalcoholic beverages index, the
procedure was used to offset the effects of a large increase
in coffee prices due to adverse weather. The procedure was
used to account for unusual butter fat supply reductions
affecting the Fats and oils series. For the Water and
sewerage maintenance index, the procedure was used to
account for a data collection anomaly.
A description of Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment, as well as a list of unusual events modeled and
seasonal factors for these items may be obtained by writing
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or by calling Claire
McAnaw Gallagher on (202) 606-6968 or sending e-mail to
Gallagher_C@BLS.GOV.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity

and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
Sep. 1999 fromAug.
1999

Sep.
1999

Sep.
1998

Aug.
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJune to July to Aug. to
July
Aug.
Sep.

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

167.1
500.7

167.9
502.9

2.6
-

0.5
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.4
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

16.408
15.422
9.691
1.544
2.569
1.088
1.440

164.7
164.2
164.1
184.9
148.5
156.5
202.1

165.1
164.6
164.5
185.2
149.2
158.7
202.6

2.2
2.2
2.0
1.8
1.2
3.8
4.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.5
1.4
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
-0.1
-0.3
-0.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
-0.9
0.3
0.5
0.6

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.4
1.4
-0.2

1.049
2.002
.377
.309
1.316
.320
5.730
.175
.986

134.5
154.2
152.7
148.6
169.9
104.8
165.6
105.8
170.2

134.2
153.9
153.5
148.5
169.2
105.3
165.8
106.4
170.7

1.5
1.1
1.8
-2.6
1.7
1.6
2.3
3.6
2.6

-0.2
-0.2
0.5
-0.1
-0.4
0.5
0.1
0.6
0.3

0.4
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.1
-0.7
0.3
1.1
0.5

-0.1
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.3

-0.4
0.0
0.4
0.1
-0.2
0.5
0.1
0.6
0.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..

39.828
30.283
7.007
2.376

165.0
188.3
177.9
117.1

165.2
188.3
178.4
113.8

2.3
2.7
2.9
3.6

0.1
0.0
0.3
-2.8

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
-0.3

0.4
0.3
0.3
2.1

20.529
.371

193.4
102.2

193.9
102.3

2.5
3.1

0.3
0.1

0.1
-0.1

0.2
0.1

0.2
0.1

Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

4.735
3.801
.227
3.574

131.4
116.2
89.2
124.1

132.7
117.6
93.9
125.3

2.1
2.1
9.3
1.6

1.0
1.2
5.3
1.0

0.5
0.7
1.9
0.6

0.4
0.4
2.4
0.3

0.9
1.1
4.6
0.8

.934
4.810
.908

104.4
126.8
105.0

104.5
127.0
105.2

2.2
0.4
2.9

0.1
0.2
0.2

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.1
0.1
0.7

0.2
0.1
0.2

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

4.831
1.358
1.939
.272
.876

127.5
127.1
117.9
128.3
123.8

131.8
130.5
125.4
129.9
124.7

-1.3
-0.5
-1.9
4.0
-3.0

3.4
2.7
6.4
1.2
0.7

-0.9
-1.1
-2.0
0.5
1.0

-0.3
-1.7
0.8
0.7
-1.1

1.2
1.2
2.4
1.2
-0.4

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

16.999
15.653
7.843
4.983
1.914
2.493
2.476
.549
1.624
1.346

145.7
141.9
99.7
141.4
153.8
107.8
107.2
100.1
172.1
197.1

146.5
142.9
100.1
141.6
155.7
110.3
109.7
100.6
172.8
194.7

4.1
4.3
0.3
-0.5
2.5
22.6
22.6
-0.6
2.7
2.4

0.5
0.7
0.4
0.1
1.2
2.3
2.3
0.5
0.4
-1.2

1.2
0.9
0.3
0.1
0.9
4.1
4.3
-0.2
0.2
4.3

0.9
1.1
0.1
-0.1
1.0
5.6
5.6
0.0
0.1
-1.8

0.6
0.8
0.5
0.2
1.2
2.4
2.6
0.5
0.2
-1.2

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

5.713
1.252
4.461
2.854
1.354

251.9
232.5
256.2
230.1
301.3

252.3
233.1
256.6
230.4
302.1

3.4
4.1
3.3
3.0
4.5

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.3

0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.4
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.7

0.3
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.4

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

6.120
1.748

102.2
100.9

101.7
100.1

0.4
-1.3

-0.5
-0.8

0.0
-0.1

0.0
0.3

-0.5
-0.5

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)

5.478
2.694
.203
2.492
2.783

101.2
107.5
264.5
309.9
95.6

101.9
109.4
267.0
315.3
95.3

1.0
4.9
5.2
4.8
-2.7

0.7
1.8
0.9
1.7
-0.3

0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.0

0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.1

0.0
0.3
0.3
0.3
-0.3

2.580
2.327

95.0
99.8

94.7
99.6

-3.1
-1.1

-0.3
-0.2

0.0
-0.2

0.1
0.3

-0.3
-0.2

.253

29.8

29.3

-20.2

-1.7

0.7

-0.7

-1.7

Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

.148

50.9

49.7

-27.4

-2.4

-2.9

-3.8

-2.4

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.624
1.159
3.465
.742
.973
1.491

257.6
350.1
161.4
152.3
171.9
243.9

262.6
373.8
161.8
153.0
172.1
244.6

9.2
31.9
2.7
2.6
3.0
3.6

1.9
6.8
0.2
0.5
0.1
0.3

0.9
3.3
0.0
-0.4
0.3
0.4

-0.2
-1.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.4

1.9
6.5
0.2
0.5
0.1
0.4

42.109
16.408
25.702
14.345
4.831

144.5
164.7
132.5
138.0
127.5

145.8
165.1
134.3
141.0
131.8

2.8
2.2
3.1
6.3
-1.3

0.9
0.2
1.4
2.2
3.4

0.4
0.2
0.5
1.0
-0.9

0.4
0.2
0.5
0.8
-0.3

0.7
0.2
1.0
1.5
1.2

9.514
11.356
57.891
29.912
.371
3.574

148.8
125.4
189.9
196.1
102.2
124.1

151.2
125.7
190.1
196.1
102.3
125.3

10.3
-0.9
2.5
2.7
3.1
1.6

1.6
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.1
1.0

1.5
0.2
0.3
0.1
-0.1
0.6

1.8
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3

1.5
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.8

.934
.908
6.963
4.461
10.768

104.4
105.0
190.2
256.2
223.9

104.5
105.2
189.9
256.6
224.5

2.2
2.9
1.4
3.3
2.5

0.1
0.2
-0.2
0.2
0.3

0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2
0.3

0.1
0.7
-0.4
0.3
0.3

0.2
0.2
-0.1
0.2
0.0

84.578
69.717
94.287
26.688
15.331
10.500
30.753
27.979
53.429
6.294
93.706
78.284

167.7
160.6
162.5
134.0
139.9
150.0
151.5
196.9
183.8
111.3
174.5
177.1

168.5
161.6
163.2
135.8
142.8
152.3
153.2
197.3
183.9
113.2
175.1
177.7

2.7
2.5
2.5
3.2
6.1
9.6
4.1
2.2
2.4
10.2
2.0
2.0

0.5
0.6
0.4
1.3
2.1
1.5
1.1
0.2
0.1
1.7
0.3
0.3

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.9
1.4
0.5
0.4
0.3
2.1
0.2
0.2

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.8
1.6
0.5
0.2
0.1
2.7
0.1
0.1

0.5
0.5
0.4
1.0
1.5
1.4
0.7
0.1
0.2
1.7
0.3
0.3

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............

Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

23.967
2.720
54.316
-

143.0
106.3
196.5
$ .598

144.6
109.1
196.6
$ .596

1.0
21.5
2.5
-

1.1
2.6
0.1
-

0.1
4.0
0.3
-

-0.1
5.4
0.2
-

0.7
2.7
0.2
-

-

$ .200

$ .199

-

-

-

-

-

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-U

3 months ended-June
1999

July
1999

Aug.
1999

Sep.
1999

All items ...................................

166.2

166.7

167.2

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........

164.2
163.9
163.9
185.2
147.7

164.5
164.2
164.0
185.8
147.6

164.8
164.5
164.2
184.2
148.1

6 months
ended--

Dec.
1998

Mar.
1999

June
1999

Sep.
1999

Mar.
1999

Sep.
1999

167.9

2.0

1.5

2.9

4.2

1.7

3.5

165.2
164.9
164.7
185.3
148.7

3.0
2.8
3.5
2.0
-0.5

1.5
1.7
0.5
2.2
-0.5

2.0
1.7
2.5
2.9
3.3

2.5
2.5
2.0
0.2
2.7

2.2
2.2
2.0
2.1
-0.5

2.2
2.1
2.2
1.5
3.0

Expenditure category

Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

156.1
205.1

155.7
204.7

156.5
206.0

158.7
205.6

12.9
8.2

10.3
-4.5

-12.7
14.9

6.8
1.0

11.6
1.6

-3.4
7.7

134.4
153.5
152.1
147.2
169.1
104.9
164.6
104.4
169.3

134.9
153.7
152.1
147.7
169.3
104.2
165.1
105.5
170.1

134.8
154.1
152.8
148.5
169.6
104.8
165.6
105.8
170.6

134.2
154.1
153.4
148.6
169.3
105.3
165.8
106.4
170.9

1.8
1.8
1.9
1.8
2.2
5.1
2.2
2.4
2.7

3.4
-1.0
-1.8
-10.3
1.2
0.0
3.0
1.6
1.4

1.5
1.8
4.0
-5.0
2.9
0.0
1.0
2.7
2.9

-0.6
1.6
3.5
3.9
0.5
1.5
2.9
7.9
3.8

2.6
0.4
0.0
-4.4
1.7
2.5
2.6
2.0
2.1

0.4
1.7
3.8
-0.7
1.7
0.8
2.0
5.3
3.4

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

163.6
187.0
177.1
105.6

163.8
187.1
177.5
105.8

164.1
187.5
177.9
105.5

164.7
188.1
178.4
107.7

2.5
3.1
3.7
0.0

1.2
1.7
2.5
-2.3

2.7
3.5
2.5
9.6

2.7
2.4
3.0
8.2

1.9
2.4
3.1
-1.2

2.7
2.9
2.7
8.9

192.8
102.2
127.5
111.3
88.3
119.0

193.0
102.1
128.2
112.1
90.0
119.7

193.4
102.2
128.7
112.6
92.2
120.1

193.7
102.3
129.9
113.8
96.4
121.1

3.2
2.9
-0.3
-0.7
-14.1
0.0

1.9
1.2
1.3
0.7
-2.3
1.0

2.7
8.2
0.3
-0.4
19.8
-1.3

1.9
0.4
7.7
9.3
42.1
7.2

2.6
2.0
0.5
0.0
-8.4
0.5

2.3
4.2
4.0
4.4
30.5
2.9

103.8
126.7
104.3

103.8
126.7
104.3

103.9
126.8
105.0

104.1
126.9
105.2

2.8
1.9
3.2

2.4
-1.3
2.7

2.0
0.3
2.3

1.2
0.6
3.5

2.6
0.3
3.0

1.6
0.5
2.9

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

131.4
132.2
123.5
126.8
125.4

130.2
130.8
121.0
127.4
126.6

129.8
128.6
122.0
128.3
125.2

131.4
130.2
124.9
129.9
124.7

-2.7
0.3
-8.2
15.9
-1.2

-6.2
-2.7
-7.5
-11.8
-5.5

3.7
6.6
4.3
3.9
-3.1

0.0
-5.9
4.6
10.1
-2.2

-4.5
-1.2
-7.9
1.1
-3.4

1.9
0.2
4.5
7.0
-2.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

143.0
139.4
100.1
142.6
150.9
96.9
96.1
100.3
171.8
192.6

144.7
140.7
100.4
142.7
152.3
100.9
100.2
100.1
172.2
200.8

146.0
142.3
100.5
142.6
153.8
106.6
105.8
100.1
172.3
197.1

146.9
143.4
101.0
142.9
155.7
109.2
108.5
100.6
172.7
194.7

-1.4
-1.2
0.8
-0.6
3.2
-11.6
-11.2
-0.4
3.6
-3.7

1.7
0.0
-5.1
-1.9
-14.1
13.6
14.2
-4.3
2.4
24.0

5.2
6.9
2.0
-0.3
9.8
39.3
37.2
1.2
2.8
-11.9

11.4
12.0
3.6
0.8
13.3
61.3
62.5
1.2
2.1
4.4

0.1
-0.6
-2.2
-1.2
-5.8
0.2
0.7
-2.4
3.0
9.2

8.2
9.4
2.8
0.3
11.6
49.9
49.3
1.2
2.5
-4.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

250.5
229.9
254.9
229.0
298.8

251.2
231.2
255.5
229.5
299.3

252.1
232.5
256.2
230.1
301.3

252.9
233.5
256.8
230.6
302.4

2.8
3.1
2.6
2.7
2.9

3.3
2.5
3.7
2.9
6.0

3.9
4.3
3.7
3.6
3.8

3.9
6.4
3.0
2.8
4.9

3.1
2.8
3.2
2.8
4.5

3.9
5.3
3.4
3.2
4.4

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

102.0
100.6

102.0
100.5

102.0
100.8

101.5
100.3

0.0
-1.2

1.2
-2.3

2.0
-0.4

-1.9
-1.2

0.6
-1.8

0.0
-0.8

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

101.1
107.4
263.4
308.1
95.5

101.3
107.9
264.2
309.4
95.5

101.5
108.2
265.8
310.2
95.6

101.5
108.5
266.5
311.0
95.3

0.8
4.7
8.0
4.5
-3.2

1.6
5.9
3.3
6.0
-2.0

0.0
4.6
4.8
5.0
-4.5

1.6
4.2
4.8
3.8
-0.8

1.2
5.3
5.6
5.3
-2.6

0.8
4.4
4.8
4.4
-2.7

94.9
99.7

94.9
99.5

95.0
99.8

94.7
99.6

-3.2
-1.6

-3.3
-0.4

-4.9
-2.0

-0.8
-0.4

-3.2
-1.0

-2.9
-1.2

29.8

30.0

29.8

29.3

-19.2

-24.9

-28.4

-6.5

-22.1

-18.2

54.5

52.9

50.9

49.7

-22.8

-35.2

-19.9

-30.8

-29.3

-25.5

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

256.8
344.9
161.1
152.6
170.9
241.9

259.0
356.3
161.1
152.0
171.4
242.9

258.4
351.5
161.4
152.3
171.9
243.9

263.2
374.2
161.8
153.0
172.1
244.8

17.7
87.1
2.0
-1.1
2.9
4.1

5.0
6.2
4.4
5.8
3.9
3.2

4.3
9.8
2.8
4.9
2.4
2.0

10.3
38.6
1.7
1.1
2.8
4.9

11.2
40.9
3.2
2.3
3.4
3.7

7.3
23.4
2.3
2.9
2.6
3.4

143.8
164.2
131.8
136.2
131.4

144.4
164.5
132.5
137.6
130.2

145.0
164.8
133.2
138.7
129.8

146.0
165.2
134.5
140.8
131.4

1.4
3.0
0.3
1.2
-2.7

-0.3
1.5
-1.2
0.9
-6.2

4.0
2.0
5.3
9.6
3.7

6.3
2.5
8.4
14.2
0.0

0.6
2.2
-0.5
1.1
-4.5

5.1
2.2
6.9
11.9
1.9

143.9
125.7
188.5
194.9
102.2
119.0

146.1
125.9
189.0
195.1
102.1
119.7

148.8
125.9
189.3
195.5
102.2
120.1

151.0
126.4
189.8
196.1
102.3
121.1

3.0
-0.6
2.4
3.0
2.9
0.0

5.0
-4.6
2.6
1.9
1.2
1.0

12.6
0.0
2.2
3.1
8.2
-1.3

21.2
2.2
2.8
2.5
0.4
7.2

4.0
-2.7
2.5
2.4
2.0
0.5

16.8
1.1
2.5
2.8
4.2
2.9

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection

services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

103.8
104.3
189.5
254.9
223.0

103.8
104.3
191.4
255.5
223.6

103.9
105.0
190.7
256.2
224.2

104.1
105.2
190.5
256.8
224.2

2.8
3.2
0.6
2.6
2.2

2.4
2.7
5.4
3.7
3.3

2.0
2.3
-2.3
3.7
2.6

1.2
3.5
2.1
3.0
2.2

2.6
3.0
3.0
3.2
2.8

1.6
2.9
-0.1
3.4
2.4

166.5
159.6
161.3
133.5
138.3
145.6
150.5
195.4
182.4
103.8
174.4
177.0

167.0
160.3
161.8
134.1
139.5
147.6
151.3
196.1
183.0
106.0
174.7
177.3

167.5
160.7
162.3
134.8
140.6
150.0
152.1
196.5
183.2
108.9
174.9
177.5

168.3
161.5
163.0
136.1
142.7
152.1
153.2
196.7
183.6
110.7
175.4
178.1

1.7
1.5
2.0
0.6
1.2
3.2
1.9
1.9
2.7
-5.1
2.6
2.5

1.5
1.3
1.3
-1.2
0.9
4.7
1.9
2.3
2.0
5.8
0.9
0.9

3.2
2.8
2.8
5.3
9.5
12.1
5.5
2.1
2.2
14.2
2.3
2.3

4.4
4.8
4.3
8.0
13.3
19.1
7.4
2.7
2.7
29.4
2.3
2.5

1.6
1.4
1.6
-0.3
1.0
3.9
1.9
2.1
2.4
0.2
1.8
1.7

3.8
3.8
3.5
6.6
11.4
15.5
6.4
2.4
2.4
21.6
2.3
2.4

144.0
96.1
195.6

144.1
99.9
196.1

143.9
105.3
196.4

144.9
108.1
196.7

2.5
-12.0
2.5

-3.0
12.6
2.7

2.0
37.2
2.5

2.5
60.1
2.3

-0.3
-0.4
2.6

2.2
48.2
2.4

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-U

Pricing
schedule

Indexes
June

July

Aug.

Percent change to
Sep.1999 from-Sep.

Percent change to
Aug.1999 from--

(1)

1999

1999

1999

1999

Sep.
1998

July
1999

Aug.
1999

Aug.
1998

June
1999

July
1999

M

166.2

166.7

167.1

167.9

2.6

0.7

0.5

2.3

0.5

0.2

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

173.1
174.1
103.8

173.4
174.5
103.9

174.1
175.1
104.3

174.8
175.7
105.1

2.5
2.3
2.8

0.8
0.7
1.2

0.4
0.3
0.8

2.1
2.2
2.1

0.6
0.6
0.5

0.4
0.3
0.4

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

162.5
164.1
103.7

162.9
164.6
103.9

163.2
164.8
104.2

164.3
165.7
105.1

2.8
2.7
2.8

0.9
0.7
1.2

0.7
0.5
0.9

2.3
2.4
2.2

0.4
0.4
0.5

0.2
0.1
0.3

M

156.9

157.2

157.7

158.6

3.0

0.9

0.6

2.9

0.5

0.3

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

161.7
160.9
104.1

162.2
161.4
104.3

162.6
161.9
104.4

163.2
162.7
104.8

2.3
2.5
2.2

0.6
0.8
0.5

0.4
0.5
0.4

1.9
1.9
1.9

0.6
0.6
0.3

0.2
0.3
0.1

M

162.0

162.6

163.7

164.1

2.5

0.9

0.2

2.2

1.0

0.7

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

168.3
169.3
104.5

168.9
169.9
104.9

169.5
170.5
105.2

170.0
171.2
105.2

3.0
3.2
2.4

0.7
0.8
0.3

0.3
0.4
0.0

2.9
3.0
2.6

0.7
0.7
0.7

0.4
0.4
0.3

M
M
M

150.7
104.0
162.0

151.1
104.2
162.4

151.6
104.5
163.1

152.2
105.0
163.7

2.7
2.5
2.5

0.7
0.8
0.8

0.4
0.5
0.4

2.4
2.1
2.3

0.6
0.5
0.7

0.3
0.3
0.4

U.S. city average ...........................
Region and area size(2)

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

168.9
165.4

169.4
165.8

169.3
166.3

169.7
167.2

2.7
2.8

0.2
0.8

0.2
0.5

2.4
2.3

0.2
0.5

-0.1
0.3

M

176.8

177.2

177.6

178.2

2.2

0.6

0.3

2.0

0.5

0.2

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........

1

-

175.3

-

176.8

2.7

0.9

-

-

-

-

Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1

-

162.8
158.3
104.6

-

164.2
159.8
105.4

1.7
3.4
2.4

0.9
0.9
0.8

-

-

-

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

164.8
163.8
148.3
161.3

-

165.9
164.2
148.9
162.3

-

-

-

-

2.5
2.3
1.0
0.9

0.7
0.2
0.4
0.6

-

2
2
2

172.1
171.8
172.7

-

173.1
173.5
173.4

-

-

-

-

2.7
4.1
2.9

0.6
1.0
0.4

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
Sep. 1999 fromAug.
1999

Sep.
1999

163.8
487.8

164.7
490.5

Sep.
1998

Aug.
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJune to July to Aug. to
July
Aug.
Sep.

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

2.8
-

0.5
-

0.4
-

0.2
-

0.5
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

18.011
16.966
10.832
1.689
3.055
1.193
1.492

163.9
163.5
162.9
184.8
148.2
156.0
201.2

164.3
163.9
163.5
185.0
148.9
158.4
201.6

2.2
2.2
2.1
1.8
1.2
3.8
4.7

0.2
0.2
0.4
0.1
0.5
1.5
0.2

0.2
0.1
0.0
0.3
-0.2
-0.3
0.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
-0.8
0.3
0.5
0.7

0.3
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.5
1.5
-0.1

1.184
2.220
.420
.354
1.446
.355
6.133
.216
1.045

133.2
153.5
152.6
148.3
169.7
104.4
165.5
105.8
169.2

133.0
153.3
153.3
148.1
169.2
105.1
165.8
106.2
169.8

1.6
1.1
1.8
-2.5
1.7
1.4
2.3
3.3
2.8

-0.2
-0.1
0.5
-0.1
-0.3
0.7
0.2
0.4
0.4

0.4
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1
-0.5
0.3
0.8
0.4

-0.1
0.3
0.6
0.6
0.2
0.5
0.4
0.5
0.2

-0.4
0.1
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.2
0.4
0.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

36.685
27.496
8.500
1.379

161.0
182.4
177.5
116.8

161.3
182.6
178.0
113.8

2.2
2.6
2.9
3.6

0.2
0.1
0.3
-2.6

0.2
0.2
0.2
-0.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.3

0.4
0.3
0.3
2.4

17.296
.320
4.850
3.928
.201
3.727

176.1
102.3
131.4
115.9
89.3
123.7

176.5
102.5
132.6
117.2
93.9
124.9

2.4
3.1
2.0
2.0
8.9
1.6

0.2
0.2
0.9
1.1
5.2
1.0

0.2
-0.1
0.6
0.6
1.5
0.6

0.1
0.1
0.4
0.4
2.4
0.3

0.1
0.2
0.9
1.1
4.4
0.8

.922
4.339
.402

104.4
124.7
105.4

104.5
124.8
105.7

2.1
-0.1
3.2

0.1
0.1
0.3

0.0
0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0
0.6

0.2
0.1
0.3

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

5.199
1.474
1.948
.344
1.057

126.4
127.2
116.0
129.6
124.4

130.5
130.3
123.3
131.4
125.1

-1.1
-0.3
-1.8
4.5
-3.2

3.2
2.4
6.3
1.4
0.6

-0.7
-1.0
-2.1
0.3
1.2

-0.5
-1.8
0.7
0.9
-1.3

1.3
0.9
2.8
1.4
-0.4

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................

19.166
18.109
9.250
5.224

145.0
142.4
100.2
142.6

146.0
143.6
100.7
142.8

4.6
4.7
0.6
-0.4

0.7
0.8
0.5
0.1

1.2
1.0
0.4
-0.1

1.0
1.3
0.3
0.1

0.8
0.8
0.6
0.2

Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

3.216
3.066
3.045
.682
1.690
1.056

155.2
107.8
107.3
99.6
173.5
192.5

157.0
110.6
110.0
99.9
174.3
190.7

2.5
22.8
22.8
-0.6
2.9
2.3

1.2
2.6
2.5
0.3
0.5
-0.9

1.0
4.2
4.2
-0.3
0.2
3.5

1.0
5.4
5.6
0.2
0.0
-1.6

1.2
2.6
2.7
0.2
0.2
-0.9

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

4.672
.926
3.746
2.415
1.114

251.0
228.4
256.0
231.7
297.3

251.4
229.0
256.4
232.0
298.2

3.4
3.7
3.3
3.0
4.5

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.3

0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.2
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.7

0.4
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.5

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

5.925
1.951

101.5
100.7

101.0
99.8

0.0
-1.5

-0.5
-0.9

0.0
-0.1

-0.1
0.3

-0.5
-0.6

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

5.361
2.478
.200
2.278
2.883

101.5
107.7
267.2
304.1
96.5

102.1
109.5
269.9
309.5
96.2

1.0
5.0
5.5
5.0
-2.3

0.6
1.7
1.0
1.8
-0.3

0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
-0.1

0.1
0.1
0.6
0.1
0.2

0.0
0.3
0.3
0.3
-0.3

2.733
2.519

96.1
99.9

95.8
99.7

-2.6
-1.1

-0.3
-0.2

0.0
-0.2

0.1
0.2

-0.3
-0.2

.213

30.8

30.3

-20.7

-1.6

1.0

-1.0

-1.6

.120

50.6

49.4

-28.4

-2.4

-2.8

-3.6

-2.4

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.981
1.694
3.287
.838
.975
1.253

260.7
350.6
161.6
153.1
172.2
243.8

267.3
374.4
161.9
153.7
172.4
244.5

11.7
32.0
2.7
2.4
3.0
3.6

2.5
6.8
0.2
0.4
0.1
0.3

1.2
3.4
0.0
-0.4
0.4
0.3

-0.4
-1.4
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

2.4
6.5
0.2
0.4
0.1
0.3

46.764
18.011
28.753
15.564
5.199

144.8
163.9
133.4
138.8
126.4

146.3
164.3
135.4
142.1
130.5

3.2
2.2
3.9
7.6
-1.1

1.0
0.2
1.5
2.4
3.2

0.5
0.2
0.7
1.3
-0.7

0.4
0.2
0.5
0.9
-0.5

0.8
0.3
1.2
1.6
1.3

10.365

150.2

153.2

12.2

2.0

1.7

2.0

1.8

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................

Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

13.189
53.236
27.175
.320
3.727

125.7
186.3
175.6
102.3
123.7

126.1
186.6
175.8
102.5
124.9

-0.5
2.4
2.6
3.1
1.6

0.3
0.2
0.1
0.2
1.0

0.2
0.3
0.1
-0.1
0.6

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.3

0.6
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.8

.922
.402
6.800
3.746
10.144

104.4
105.4
187.4
256.0
220.3

104.5
105.7
187.3
256.4
220.9

2.1
3.2
1.4
3.3
2.4

0.1
0.3
-0.1
0.2
0.3

0.0
0.0
0.7
0.2
0.2

0.1
0.6
-0.3
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.0
0.4
0.0

83.034
72.504
95.328
29.798
16.609
11.410
33.575
26.061
49.490
6.994
93.006
76.040

163.7
158.6
159.7
134.8
140.7
151.2
151.7
175.0
180.4
111.1
171.1
173.1

164.7
159.7
160.7
136.7
143.8
154.0
153.6
175.5
180.7
113.1
171.8
173.9

2.9
2.8
2.8
3.8
7.3
11.3
4.7
2.2
2.3
11.1
2.1
2.1

0.6
0.7
0.6
1.4
2.2
1.9
1.3
0.3
0.2
1.8
0.4
0.5

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.6
1.2
1.6
0.6
0.3
0.3
2.3
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.7
0.6
0.3
0.2
2.8
0.1
0.1

0.6
0.6
0.5
1.1
1.6
1.7
0.9
0.2
0.2
1.8
0.4
0.4

26.531
3.267
49.509
-

143.3
106.8
193.2
$ .611

145.0
109.7
193.4
$ .607

1.5
21.9
2.4
-

1.2
2.7
0.1
-

0.1
4.1
0.3
-

-0.1
5.3
0.1
-

0.9
2.7
0.2
-

-

$ .205

$ .204

-

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city
average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-W

3 months ended-June
1999

July
1999

Aug.
1999

Sep.
1999

All items ...................................

162.7

163.3

163.7

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

163.5
163.1
162.8
185.0
147.5
155.7
204.1

163.8
163.3
162.8
185.5
147.2
155.3
204.0

133.3
152.6
151.7
147.1
168.8
104.4
164.4
104.5
168.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................

6 months
ended--

Dec.
1998

Mar.
1999

June
1999

Sep.
1999

Mar.
1999

Sep.
1999

164.6

2.3

1.2

3.0

4.8

1.8

3.9

164.1
163.7
163.1
184.0
147.6
156.0
205.4

164.6
164.1
163.7
185.1
148.4
158.4
205.1

2.8
2.5
2.8
1.3
-1.1
13.2
8.4

1.5
1.7
1.0
2.2
-0.3
10.8
-4.3

1.7
1.7
2.2
3.1
3.9
-13.6
13.6

2.7
2.5
2.2
0.2
2.5
7.1
2.0

2.1
2.1
1.9
1.8
-0.7
12.0
1.8

2.2
2.1
2.2
1.6
3.2
-3.8
7.6

133.8
152.8
151.7
147.2
169.0
103.9
164.9
105.3
169.3

133.6
153.3
152.6
148.1
169.4
104.4
165.5
105.8
169.6

133.1
153.4
153.2
148.1
169.4
105.1
165.8
106.2
170.0

1.5
1.9
2.1
1.9
1.7
4.7
2.5
2.4
2.9

4.0
-1.0
-1.6
-10.3
1.4
0.4
2.7
1.6
1.0

1.5
1.3
2.7
-3.7
2.4
-2.3
0.7
2.7
4.4

-0.6
2.1
4.0
2.7
1.4
2.7
3.5
6.7
3.1

2.8
0.4
0.3
-4.4
1.6
2.5
2.6
2.0
1.9

0.5
1.7
3.3
-0.5
1.9
0.2
2.1
4.7
3.7

159.6
181.5
176.9
105.0

159.9
181.8
177.3
104.9

160.1
181.9
177.5
104.6

160.7
182.5
178.0
107.1

2.6
3.2
3.8
3.5

1.5
2.3
2.5
-4.2

2.0
2.9
3.0
8.0

2.8
2.2
2.5
8.2

2.0
2.7
3.1
-0.4

2.4
2.6
2.8
8.1

175.6

175.9

176.1

176.3

2.8

2.6

2.3

1.6

2.7

2.0

Expenditure category

Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

102.3
127.1
110.7
88.8
118.3

102.2
127.8
111.4
90.1
119.0

102.3
128.3
111.9
92.3
119.4

102.5
129.4
113.1
96.4
120.4

3.7
0.0
-0.7
-13.7
0.0

1.2
1.3
1.1
-1.4
1.4

6.9
-0.3
-0.7
19.1
-1.7

0.8
7.4
9.0
38.9
7.3

2.4
0.6
0.2
-7.8
0.7

3.8
3.5
4.0
28.6
2.7

103.9
124.6
104.8

103.9
124.7
104.8

104.0
124.7
105.4

104.2
124.8
105.7

2.8
1.3
3.6

2.4
-2.2
3.1

1.9
0.0
2.7

1.2
0.6
3.5

2.6
-0.5
3.3

1.6
0.3
3.1

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

130.0
132.4
121.4
128.0
125.8

129.1
131.1
118.9
128.4
127.3

128.4
128.8
119.7
129.6
125.6

130.1
129.9
123.1
131.4
125.1

-0.6
1.9
-5.6
17.2
-1.5

-7.4
-1.2
-10.9
-12.8
-6.1

3.5
6.0
4.7
4.8
-3.1

0.3
-7.3
5.7
11.1
-2.2

-4.1
0.3
-8.3
1.1
-3.8

1.9
-0.9
5.2
7.9
-2.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

141.9
139.4
100.2
143.8
152.2
96.9
96.3
99.8
173.3
189.0

143.6
140.8
100.6
143.7
153.7
101.0
100.3
99.5
173.7
195.7

145.1
142.6
100.9
143.8
155.2
106.5
105.9
99.7
173.7
192.5

146.2
143.8
101.5
144.1
157.0
109.3
108.8
99.9
174.1
190.7

-1.4
-1.2
1.2
0.0
2.9
-12.0
-12.1
-0.4
3.8
-3.0

0.6
-0.6
-6.2
-2.5
-13.7
15.2
15.3
-2.8
2.6
20.9

6.8
7.8
2.8
0.0
9.8
38.0
37.7
0.4
3.1
-10.1

12.7
13.2
5.3
0.8
13.2
61.9
62.9
0.4
1.9
3.6

-0.4
-0.9
-2.6
-1.2
-5.8
0.7
0.7
-1.6
3.2
8.3

9.7
10.5
4.1
0.4
11.5
49.5
49.8
0.4
2.5
-3.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

249.6
226.0
254.7
230.7
294.5

250.3
227.3
255.3
231.2
295.3

250.9
228.4
255.8
231.5
297.3

251.9
229.5
256.7
232.2
298.8

2.7
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7

3.3
1.8
3.6
2.7
6.6

3.9
4.4
3.9
3.9
3.2

3.7
6.3
3.2
2.6
6.0

3.0
2.2
3.1
2.7
4.6

3.8
5.3
3.5
3.3
4.6

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

101.4
100.4

101.4
100.3

101.3
100.6

100.8
100.0

-0.4
-1.2

0.4
-2.7

2.0
-0.4

-2.3
-1.6

0.0
-2.0

-0.2
-1.0

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing

101.4
107.7
266.1
302.8
96.4

101.6
108.2
266.9
304.1
96.3

101.7
108.3
268.6
304.4
96.5

101.7
108.6
269.3
305.2
96.2

0.8
4.7
8.2
4.6
-2.8

2.0
6.3
3.9
6.5
-1.6

0.0
5.4
4.8
5.3
-4.0

1.2
3.4
4.9
3.2
-0.8

1.4
5.5
6.0
5.6
-2.2

0.6
4.4
4.8
4.3
-2.4

96.0
99.9

96.0
99.7

96.1
99.9

95.8
99.7

-2.8
-1.6

-2.4
0.0

-4.5
-2.0

-0.8
-0.8

-2.6
-0.8

-2.7
-1.4

other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

30.8

31.1

30.8

30.3

-21.1

-25.0

-28.5

-6.3

-23.1

-18.2

54.0

52.5

50.6

49.4

-26.0

-37.5

-18.9

-30.0

-32.0

-24.6

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

259.4
345.2
161.3
153.3
171.2
242.4

262.4
357.0
161.3
152.7
171.8
243.2

261.4
352.0
161.6
153.1
172.2
243.8

267.7
374.8
161.9
153.7
172.4
244.5

23.9
88.1
1.5
-1.3
2.9
4.1

5.0
5.4
5.2
5.5
3.9
4.3

5.3
10.1
2.5
4.6
2.4
2.5

13.4
39.0
1.5
1.0
2.8
3.5

14.1
40.8
3.3
2.0
3.4
4.2

9.3
23.7
2.0
2.8
2.6
3.0

143.9
163.5
132.2
136.5
130.0

144.6
163.8
133.1
138.3
129.1

145.2
164.1
133.8
139.6
128.4

146.4
164.6
135.4
141.8
130.1

2.3
2.8
1.9
2.8
-0.6

-0.6
1.5
-1.8
1.2
-7.4

4.3
1.7
6.0
10.3
3.5

7.1
2.7
10.0
16.5
0.3

0.8
2.1
0.0
2.0
-4.1

5.7
2.2
8.0
13.3
1.9

144.8
125.6
185.0
174.7
102.3
118.3

147.3
125.8
185.6
174.9
102.2
119.0

150.2
126.0
185.7
175.3
102.3
119.4

152.9
126.7
186.2
175.8
102.5
120.4

5.4
-0.3
2.4
3.5
3.7
0.0

5.6
-5.5
2.7
1.6
1.2
1.4

14.1
0.6
2.0
2.8
6.9
-1.7

24.3
3.5
2.6
2.5
0.8
7.3

5.5
-3.0
2.5
2.6
2.4
0.7

19.1
2.1
2.3
2.7
3.8
2.7

103.9
104.8
187.1
254.7
219.6

103.9
104.8
188.5
255.3
220.1

104.0
105.4
188.0
255.8
220.5

104.2
105.7
188.0
256.7
220.5

2.8
3.6
0.9
2.6
2.1

2.4
3.1
4.4
3.6
3.4

1.9
2.7
-1.3
3.9
2.6

1.2
3.5
1.9
3.2
1.6

2.6
3.3
2.6
3.1
2.7

1.6
3.1
0.3
3.5
2.1

162.3
157.4
158.6
133.9
138.5
146.3
150.5
173.6
179.2
103.3
171.0

163.0
158.1
159.2
134.7
140.1
148.6
151.4
174.2
179.7
105.7
171.3

163.4
158.6
159.6
135.5
141.4
151.2
152.3
174.7
180.0
108.7
171.4

164.3
159.5
160.4
137.0
143.7
153.7
153.6
175.0
180.4
110.7
172.1

2.0
2.1
2.3
1.8
2.7
5.3
2.2
1.4
2.5
-5.9
2.9

1.0
0.5
1.0
-1.8
1.5
4.7
1.9
2.1
1.8
7.1
0.7

3.5
3.4
3.1
6.2
10.1
14.0
6.1
1.9
2.3
15.2
2.4

5.0
5.4
4.6
9.6
15.9
21.8
8.5
3.3
2.7
31.9
2.6

1.5
1.3
1.7
0.0
2.1
5.0
2.1
1.8
2.2
0.4
1.8

4.3
4.4
3.8
7.9
13.0
17.8
7.3
2.6
2.5
23.3
2.5

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................

All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

173.1

173.5

173.6

174.3

2.8

0.5

2.3

2.8

1.6

2.6

144.1
96.4
192.7

144.3
100.4
193.2

144.1
105.7
193.4

145.4
108.6
193.7

4.0
-12.0
2.6

-3.8
13.6
2.8

2.5
37.0
2.3

3.7
61.1
2.1

0.0
0.0
2.7

3.1
48.6
2.2

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-W

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes

Percent change to
Sep.1999 from--

June
1999

July
1999

Aug.
1999

Sep.
1999

M

162.8

163.3

163.8

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

170.0
169.9
103.4

170.2
170.3
103.4

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

158.5
159.3
103.4

M

154.9

U.S. city average ...........................

Percent change to
Aug.1999 from--

Sep.
1998

July
1999

Aug.
1999

Aug.
1998

June
1999

July
1999

164.7

2.8

0.9

0.5

2.4

0.6

0.3

170.9
171.0
103.8

171.9
171.8
104.7

2.7
2.6
2.8

1.0
0.9
1.3

0.6
0.5
0.9

2.3
2.3
2.1

0.5
0.6
0.4

0.4
0.4
0.4

159.1
159.9
103.8

159.4
160.2
104.0

160.6
161.1
105.1

2.9
2.8
3.1

0.9
0.8
1.3

0.8
0.6
1.1

2.4
2.4
2.3

0.6
0.6
0.6

0.2
0.2
0.2

155.4

156.1

157.1

3.2

1.1

0.6

3.1

0.8

0.5

Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

159.7
158.4
103.6

160.1
158.9
103.9

160.6
159.5
104.0

161.5
160.4
104.6

2.5
2.6
2.4

0.9
0.9
0.7

0.6
0.6
0.6

2.0
2.0
1.9

0.6
0.7
0.4

0.3
0.4
0.1

M

162.3

163.0

164.1

164.8

2.6

1.1

0.4

2.2

1.1

0.7

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

164.2
163.5
104.3

164.7
164.0
104.7

165.3
164.7
105.1

165.8
165.3
105.1

3.0
3.3
2.5

0.7
0.8
0.4

0.3
0.4
0.0

2.9
3.1
2.7

0.7
0.7
0.8

0.4
0.4
0.4

M
M
M

149.2
103.6
160.9

149.6
103.9
161.3

150.1
104.1
162.1

150.8
104.8
163.0

2.9
2.7
2.7

0.8
0.9
1.1

0.5
0.7
0.6

2.5
2.2
2.4

0.6
0.5
0.7

0.3
0.2
0.5

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

163.0
158.9

163.4
159.2

163.5
159.8

164.1
160.7

2.8
2.9

0.4
0.9

0.4
0.6

2.4
2.4

0.3
0.6

0.1
0.4

M

172.1

172.5

173.2

173.9

2.4

0.8

0.4

2.1

0.6

0.4

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

-

173.3
154.9
158.0
104.3

-

175.2
156.4
159.6
105.3

3.1
2.0
3.4
2.5

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0

-

-

-

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

161.9
158.3
147.1
158.9

-

163.2
158.7
147.9
160.0

-

-

-

-

2.6
2.3
1.2
1.3

0.8
0.3
0.5
0.7

-

2
2
2

171.9
168.3
168.0

-

172.6
170.0
168.8

-

-

-

-

2.8
4.5
3.1

0.4
1.0
0.5

-

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,

CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.