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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202)
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202)
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202)

606-7000
606-6994
606-7828
606-5902

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-96-432
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Wednesday, October 16, 1996
SEPTEMBER 1996

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
0.3 percent before seasonal adjustment in September to a level of 157.8
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of
Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in September, the
CPI-U increased 3.0 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) rose 0.4 percent in September, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The September 1996 CPI-W level of 155.1 was 3.0 percent
higher than the index in September 1995.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent in
September, following a 0.1 percent increase in August. The food index
rose 0.5 percent in September, again reflecting sharp increases in the
indexes for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs and for dairy products. The
energy index, which declined 3.2 percent in the 3-month period ended in
August after advancing 9.4 percent in the prior 6-month period, was
unchanged in September. The index for petroleum-based energy increased
0.1 percent, while the index for energy services declined 0.1 percent.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent, following a 0.1
percent increase in August. About two-thirds of the acceleration in
this index from August to September was due to a sharp turnaround in the
index for apparel and upkeep--up 0.5 percent after declining 1.4 percent
in August. Increases in the indexes for airline fares and for new
vehicles also contributed to the larger advance in September.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
Compound

Unadjusted

Expenditure
Category

Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
1996
3-mos. ended ended
Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep.
Sep.'96
Sep.'96
All Items
.4
.4
.3
.1
.3
.1
.3
2.6
3.0
Food and beverages .5
.3
.1
.7
.5
.3
.5
5.0
3.7
Housing
.3
.3
.2
.1
.4
.2
.2
3.2
2.9
Apparel and upkeep .6
-.4
.1 -.4 -.1 -1.4
.5
-3.9
-.9
Transportation
.7
1.1
.7 -.4 -.2 -.2
.5
.3
3.2
Medical care
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
.2
2.7
3.3
Entertainment
.1
-.1
.4
.3
.1
.2
.1
1.3
3.2
Other goods
and services
.4
.3
.4
.2
.4
.3
.0
3.2
3.9
Special Indexes:
Energy
1.4
3.2 1.1 -2.2 -.4 -.6
.0
-3.9
5.2
Food
.6
.3
.1
.7
.5
.4
.5
5.3
3.8
All items less
food and energy
.3
.1
.2
.2
.3
.1
.3
2.7
2.7

Consumer prices rose at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of
2.6 percent in the third quarter. This follows increases of 4.0 and 3.1
percent in the first and second quarters, respectively, and brings the
year-to-date annual rate to 3.2 percent. This compares with an increase
of 2.5 percent for all of 1995. The food and energy components have
moved up sharply thus far in 1996, after acting as moderating influences
on overall consumer price movements throughout most of the past 5 years.
Through the first 9 months of 1996, energy costs have risen at a 6.5
percent annual rate. The index for petroleum-based energy goods
advanced at an annual rate of 9.8 percent and the index for energy
services at a 3.6 percent annual rate. The food index has increased at
a 4.4 percent annual rate in the first 9 months of 1996, following an
advance of 2.1 percent in all of 1995. Grocery store foods have risen
at a 5.4 percent rate in 1996 with the sharpest advance occurring in the
index for dairy products--up at a SAAR of 12.1 percent thus far in 1996.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose at a 2.7 percent annual
rate in the third quarter and has advanced at a 2.8 percent annual rate
thus far in 1996. This compares with an increase of 3.0 percent for all
of 1995. Within this category, the index for commodities less food and
energy has risen at a 1.0 percent annual rate, following a 1.7 percent
increase in all of 1995. A larger decline in the index for apparel
commodities in 1996 (at a SAAR) than in 1995-down 2.2 percent relative
to down 0.1 percent-was primarily responsible for the moderation. The
index for services less energy has advanced at a 3.5 percent rate in

1996, virtually the same as the 3.6 percent rise in 1995. The rates for
selected groups during the past 8-3/4 years are shown below.
Percent change 12 months
ended in December

All Items
Food and
beverages
Housing
Apparel and
upkeep
Transportation
Medical care
Entertainment
Other goods
and services
Special
Indexes
Energy
Food
All items
less food
and energy

SAAR
9months
ended
in
September
1996

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

4.4

4.6

6.1

3.1

2.9

2.7

2.7

2.5

3.2

5.1
4.0

5.5
3.9

5.3
4.5

2.5
3.4

1.6
2.6

2.7
2.7

2.7
2.2

2.1
3.0

4.3
2.8

4.7
3.0
6.9
4.6

1.0
4.0
8.5
5.1

5.1
10.4
9.6
4.3

3.4
-1.5
7.9
3.9

1.4
3.0
6.6
2.8

.9
2.4
5.4
2.8

-1.6
3.8
4.9
2.3

.1
1.5
3.9
3.3

-1.7
4.6
3.1
2.7

7.0

8.2

7.6

8.0

6.5

2.7

4.2

4.3

3.7

.5
5.2

5.1
5.6

18.1
5.3

-7.4
1.9

2.0
1.5

-1.4
2.9

2.2
2.9

-1.3
2.1

6.5
4.4

4.7

4.4

5.2

4.4

3.3

3.2

2.6

3.0

2.8

The food and beverage index rose 0.5 percent in September. The
index for grocery store foods increased 0.6 percent, following a 0.5
percent rise in August. Increases in the indexes for dairy products and
for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs--up 1.7 and 1.1 percent, respectively-accounted for four-fifths of the September advance. The index for
dairy products has risen 6.8 percent in the past 4 months and 10.9
percent since September 1995. Within the index for meats, poultry,
fish, and eggs, pork prices increased 1.6 percent in September and have
risen 13.4 percent in the last 12 months. The index for beef, which had
risen 3.6 percent during the 3-month period ended in August, increased
0.2 percent in September. Over the past 12 months, beef prices have

risen 1.1 percent. Prices for poultry increased 0.8 percent in
September to a level 6.8 percent above a year ago. Among the other major
grocery store food groups, the index for fruits and vegetables declined
0.1 percent as a decrease in fresh vegetable prices more than offset
increases in the prices for fresh fruits and for processed fruits and
vegetables. The indexes for cereal and bakery products and for other
food at home rose 0.2 and 0.5 percent, respectively. The other two
components of the food and beverage index--restaurant meals and
alcoholic beverages--increased 0.3 and 0.5 percent, respectively, in
September.
The housing component rose 0.2 percent in September, the same as in
August. Shelter costs increased 0.2 percent in September, following a
rise of 0.1 percent in August. Within shelter, homeowners' costs rose
0.2 percent, and renters' costs and maintenance and repair costs each
rose 0.1 percent. The indexes for household fuels and for other
utilities and public services each increased 0.2 percent in September.
Among household fuels, the indexes for electricity and for fuel oil
increased 0.2 and 4.5 percent, respectively, while the index for natural
gas declined 0.7 percent. The index for household furnishings and
operation rose 0.2 percent in September, the same as in August.
The transportation index, which had declined in each of the 3
preceding months, turned up in September, increasing 0.5 percent.
Advances in the indexes for airline fares and new vehicles more than
offset another decline in the index for motor fuels. The index for
gasoline, which increased 18.2 percent in the period from November 1995
through May, has declined 8.0 percent in the past 4 months, including a
0.4 percent drop in September. As of September, the gasoline index was
12.0 percent below its peak level of December 1990. The index for new
vehicle prices, which rose 0.1 percent in August, increased 0.6 percent
in September. As of September, about 10 percent of the new vehicle
sample was represented by 1997 models, a noticeably larger proportion
than in recent years. The 1997 models will continue to be phased into
the index over the next several months as they replace old models at
dealerships. The index for automobile finance charges increased 0.9
percent in September and has risen 4.9 percent in the past 4 months.
The index for used cars rose 0.3 percent, its first increase in 6
months. The index for airline fares increased 2.9 percent, in part as a
result of the re-imposition of the 10 percent Federal tax that went back
into effect on August 27.
The index for apparel and upkeep, which declined 1.4 percent in
August, turned up in September, advancing 0.5 percent. The proportion
of higher priced fall-winter wear in the sample in September was about

normal, in contrast to August, which was characterized by the slower
than usual introduction of the seasonal clothing. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, clothing prices rose 2.9 percent in September.)
Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in September to a level 3.3
percent above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities-prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, and medical supplies-increased 0.1 percent in September. The index for medical care services
rose 0.2 percent. Charges for professional services and hospital and
related services increased 0.3 and 0.2 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs rose 0.1 percent in September, following an
increase of 0.2 percent in August.
The index for other goods and services was unchanged in September,
following a 0.3 percent rise in August. The indexes for college tuition
and for school books and supplies, which increased 1.0 and 1.2 percent,
respectively, in August, declined 1.0 percent and were unchanged,
respectively, in September. (In September, prior to seasonal
adjustment, college tuition costs rose 2.2 percent and the index for
school books and supplies increased 1.0 percent.) The index for tobacco
products increased 0.7 percent in September.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.3 percent in September.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
Compound
Unadjust
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual
ed
rate
12Category
1996
3-mos.
mos.
ended
ended
Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep
Sep'96
Sep'96
All Items
.5
.4
.3
.1
.2
.1
.3
2.1
3.0
Food and
beverages
.5
.3
.1
.7
.4
.4
.5
5.3
3.8
Housing
.3
.3
.2
.1
.4
.2
.1
3.0
2.9
Apparel and
upkeep
.6
-.2
.2 -.6
.0 -1.5
.5
-4.2
-.8
Transportation
.9
1.1
.6 -.6 -.4 -.1
.4
-.6
3.2
Medical care
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
.1
.2
2.7
3.3

Entertainment
Other goods
and services
Special Indexes:
Energy
Food
All items less
food and energy

.0

-.1

.4

.3

.0

.3

.1

1.3

3.1

.3

.3

.4

.1

.4

.2

.2

3.4

3.6

1.8
.6

3.3
.3

1.1 -2.0
.1
.8

-.9
.5

-.5
.3

.0
.5

-5.7
5.3

5.5
3.8

.3

.1

.2

.1

.3

2.5

2.6

.2

.1

Consumer Price Index data for October are scheduled for release on
Thursday, November 14, 1996, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Aug.
Sept.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Sept. 1996 fromSept. 1995 Aug. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJune to
July to
Aug. to
July
Aug.
Sept.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

157.3
471.1

157.8
472.7

3.0
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................

17.332
15.766
9.880
1.473
2.936
1.169
1.936
2.365
.327
.248
.763
1.027
5.886

154.2
153.7
154.8
175.0
145.6
144.6
182.1
143.2
144.6
140.9
128.5
156.4
153.1

155.0
154.6
155.9
174.7
147.2
146.7
183.6
143.6
145.4
141.5
127.9
157.5
153.5

3.7
3.8
4.5
3.7
5.5
10.9
3.1
1.8
5.1
3.0
-2.9
4.0
2.6

.5
.6
.7
-.2
1.1
1.5
.8
.3
.6
.4
-.5
.7
.3

.5
.5
.5
.2
.6
1.5
.5
.2
.5
-.6
-.1
.4
.3

.3
.4
.5
.0
.9
2.0
-.3
-.1
-.2
.8
.5
-.5
.2

.5
.5
.6
.2
1.1
1.7
-.1
.5
1.0
.6
-.6
1.0
.3

Alcoholic beverages ....................

1.566

158.9

159.5

3.2

.4

.1

.3

.5

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.346
28.289
7.988
5.762
2.227
20.102
19.716
.386
.199
.122

154.0
172.3
183.4
162.5
225.9
177.0
177.3
162.3
139.7
147.1

153.9
172.0
180.9
162.9
214.8
177.5
177.9
162.3
139.9
147.4

2.9
3.1
3.3
2.8
4.7
3.0
3.0
3.4
3.3
5.1

-.1
-.2
-1.4
.2
-4.9
.3
.3
.0
.1
.2

.4
.5
.8
.3
2.1
.3
.3
.5
.4
1.2

.2
.1
.1
.1
-.1
.2
.1
.1
.2
.5

.2
.2
.1
.2
-.1
.2
.2
.3
.1
.2

.077
7.014
3.792

129.6
129.4
117.9

129.5
129.8
118.4

.5
3.9
4.4

-.1
.3
.4

-.6
.5
.9

-.4
.4
.5

-.1
.2
.2

.356

92.2

95.6

10.4

3.7

-1.6

.5

3.6

3.436

126.1

126.2

3.8

.1

1.1

.6

-.1

3.222
6.043
3.445
1.116
1.482

158.0
124.8
111.3
141.1
148.6

158.3
125.1
111.5
141.2
149.4

3.3
1.1
-.2
2.1
3.3

.2
.2
.2
.1
.5

-.1
.1
-.3
.4
.5

.3
.2
.3
.1
.0

.2
.2
.2
.1
.5

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.516
4.967
1.303
2.195
.195
.732
.542
.550

128.1
124.2
126.2
118.1
125.1
124.7
149.3
160.3

131.5
127.8
127.4
123.6
131.4
126.7
151.9
160.4

-.9
-1.3
.5
-2.6
.2
-.1
-2.2
1.9

2.7
2.9
1.0
4.7
5.0
1.6
1.7
.1

-.1
-.1
-.2
.0
-2.6
-.1
.7
.1

-1.4
-1.5
.2
-2.7
-.5
-.6
-2.3
.3

.5
.5
-.8
1.0
5.0
-.2
1.5
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........

16.953
15.430
5.027
4.015
1.342
2.908
1.535
4.618

142.8
139.9
142.9
140.7
156.6
106.4
106.1
158.6
174.1

143.2
140.0
143.2
141.0
157.0
106.2
105.7
160.0
174.1

3.2
3.0
2.3
2.3
.3
6.4
6.0
3.2
2.4

.3
.1
.2
.2
.3
-.2
-.4
.9
.0

-.2
-.2
.2
.2
-.1
-1.9
-2.7
.3
.3

-.2
-.2
.1
.3
.0
-2.0
-2.0
.3
.5

.5
.3
.6
.5
.3
-.3
-.4
.8
.3

Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

.608

104.8

105.0

.1

.2

-.5

.1

.2

4.010
1.523

190.4
181.4

190.3
184.6

2.6
4.8

-.1
1.8

.4
-.5

.5
-.1

.4
2.0

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.362
1.282
6.081
3.465

229.2
211.1
233.4
209.2

229.4
211.2
233.6
209.6

3.3
3.1
3.3
3.6

.1
.0
.1
.2

.3
.0
.3
.4

.2
.2
.2
.3

.2
.1
.2
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.367
1.975
2.392

159.2
143.2
178.0

159.8
143.3
179.1

3.2
2.9
3.3

.4
.1
.6

.1
.0
.2

.2
.1
.1

.1
.0
.1

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.123
1.610
1.170

216.3
233.4
150.5

218.3
234.1
150.8

3.9
2.6
2.2

.9
.3
.2

.4
.4
.3

.3
.0
.3

.0
.7
.2

.613
.557
4.342
.258
4.084

145.0
156.5
248.7
227.6
250.5

145.1
157.2
252.1
229.9
254.0

1.5
3.1
4.7
6.0
4.7

.1
.4
1.4
1.0
1.4

.3
.3
.4
.3
.4

.4
.1
.5
1.2
.5

.1
.4
-.2
.0
-.3

100.000
42.916
17.332
25.584
15.075
4.967

157.3
139.5
154.2
130.5
131.6
124.2

157.8
140.3
155.0
131.4
133.0
127.8

3.0
2.6
3.7
1.8
2.3
-1.3

.3
.6
.5
.7
1.1
2.9

.3
.1
.5
-.2
-.4
-.1

.1
-.1
.3
-.4
-.8
-1.5

.3
.4
.5
.3
.2
.5

10.108
10.509
57.084
27.671

138.5
128.9
175.3
179.3

138.7
129.2
175.6
179.0

4.1
1.1
3.3
3.1

.1
.2
.2
-.2

-.6
-.1
.5
.4

-.4
.1
.2
.3

-.1
.3
.2
.1

8.681
7.068
6.081
7.583

144.4
180.6
233.4
201.9

144.6
181.6
233.6
203.9

3.5
3.2
3.3
3.9

.1
.6
.1
1.0

.5
.2
.3
.3

.3
.3
.2
.3

.3
.8
.2
.0

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes

All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................
1/
2/
NOTE:

84.234
71.711
79.898
92.638
27.150
16.641
11.674
32.407
29.414
51.004
6.700
93.300
77.534

157.9
152.9
158.3
153.2
131.7
133.2
139.5
143.1
183.7
169.9
111.6
163.4
165.8

158.4
153.8
158.9
153.8
132.5
134.5
139.8
144.1
184.6
170.2
111.7
164.0
166.4

2.9
2.9
3.0
2.9
1.8
2.4
3.9
3.0
3.5
3.3
5.2
2.8
2.7

.3
.6
.4
.4
.6
1.0
.2
.7
.5
.2
.1
.4
.4

.2
.2
.3
.3
-.2
-.4
-.6
.1
.4
.5
-.4
.3
.3

.1
.0
.0
.1
-.4
-.7
-.3
-.2
.3
.2
-.6
.1
.1

.2
.4
.3
.3
.4
.2
.2
.3
.4
.4
.0
.3
.3

23.885
3.264
53.648

140.3
105.0
180.4

141.4
105.2
180.7

1.2
6.8
3.3

.8
.2
.2

.0
-2.0
.3

-.1
-1.6
.2

.4
.1
.2

-

$.636
.212

$.634
.212

-2.9
-

-.3
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

-.3
-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
June
1996

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Dec.
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedMar.
June
Sept.
Mar.
Sept.
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................

153.4

154.1

154.6

155.3

2.4

4.0

3.1

2.6

3.2

2.8

1.9

3.2

4.6

5.0

2.6

4.8

Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

153.1
154.0
173.9
143.7
139.9
185.9
142.8
143.8
140.8
128.4
156.2
152.3
158.3

153.8
154.8
174.3
144.5
142.0
186.9
143.1
144.5
139.9
128.3
156.8
152.8
158.5

154.4
155.5
174.3
145.8
144.8
186.3
143.0
144.2
141.0
129.0
156.0
153.1
158.9

155.1
156.5
174.7
147.4
147.2
186.1
143.7
145.6
141.9
128.2
157.6
153.5
159.7

1.9
1.9
4.3
6.7
7.1
-8.8
.6
2.9
3.2
-4.5
2.7
2.2
1.6

3.2
3.8
5.5
-.6
4.2
12.0
1.4
7.7
2.3
-4.5
4.0
2.1
4.7

4.6
5.6
3.3
5.5
10.3
9.1
2.6
4.9
3.2
-1.8
5.3
2.9
3.1

5.3
6.7
1.9
10.7
22.6
.4
2.5
5.1
3.2
-.6
3.6
3.2
3.6

2.6
2.8
4.9
3.0
5.6
1.1
1.0
5.3
2.8
-4.5
3.3
2.2
3.1

4.9
6.1
2.6
8.1
16.3
4.7
2.6
5.0
3.2
-1.2
4.5
3.1
3.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

152.3
170.4
178.7
161.8
212.6
176.2
176.5
160.6
138.8
144.6
130.9
126.9
113.2

152.9
171.2
180.2
162.3
217.1
176.7
177.1
161.4
139.4
146.3
130.1
127.5
114.2

153.2
171.4
180.3
162.5
216.8
177.0
177.3
161.6
139.7
147.1
129.6
128.0
114.8

153.5
171.7
180.5
162.9
216.5
177.4
177.7
162.1
139.9
147.4
129.5
128.3
115.0

3.3
3.4
1.8
2.8
.0
4.0
4.0
4.4
3.6
5.2
.6
3.3
4.4

3.2
3.4
5.1
2.5
11.3
2.6
2.5
2.0
2.7
4.9
-.3
5.2
4.4

2.1
2.6
2.3
3.0
.2
2.8
2.8
3.3
3.8
2.2
6.0
2.9
2.5

3.2
3.1
4.1
2.7
7.5
2.8
2.7
3.8
3.2
8.0
-4.2
4.5
6.5

3.2
3.4
3.5
2.7
5.5
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.1
5.1
.2
4.3
4.4

2.7
2.9
3.2
2.9
3.8
2.8
2.8
3.5
3.5
5.1
.8
3.7
4.5

95.3

93.8

94.3

97.7

1.8

47.1

-9.8

10.5

22.4

-.2

120.4
157.6
124.4
111.2
140.5
147.8

121.7
157.5
124.5
110.9
141.1
148.6

122.4
158.0
124.7
111.2
141.3
148.6

122.3
158.3
125.0
111.4
141.4
149.3

4.8
1.8
1.6
.0
4.7
3.4

.3
6.7
1.0
-.7
4.1
1.7

4.1
3.1
.0
-.7
-2.5
4.2

6.5
1.8
1.9
.7
2.6
4.1

2.6
4.2
1.3
-.4
4.4
2.5

5.3
2.4
1.0
.0
.0
4.1

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.8
128.1
127.7
124.5
129.1
127.3
150.7
159.7

131.7
128.0
127.4
124.5
125.7
127.2
151.8
159.9

129.9
126.1
127.6
121.1
125.1
126.4
148.3
160.3

130.5
126.7
126.6
122.3
131.4
126.1
150.5
160.4

1.5
1.6
-.3
4.9
-7.4
-2.5
.3
.8

1.5
1.2
8.9
-4.0
15.1
6.5
-2.6
3.1

-2.7
-3.4
-2.8
-3.5
-12.0
-.3
-5.9
2.0

-3.9
-4.3
-3.4
-6.9
7.3
-3.7
-.5
1.8

1.5
1.4
4.2
.3
3.2
1.9
-1.2
1.9

-3.3
-3.8
-3.1
-5.2
-2.8
-2.0
-3.2
1.9

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

143.7
140.7
143.7
141.4
155.9
108.7
108.9
157.8
173.6

143.4
140.4
144.0
141.7
155.7
106.6
106.0
158.2
174.1

143.1
140.1
144.2
142.1
155.7
104.5
103.9
158.6
174.9

143.8
140.5
145.0
142.8
156.2
104.2
103.5
159.8
175.5

-1.1
.6
.8
.6
4.2
-1.6
-1.2
2.3
.2

8.0
7.5
2.0
2.3
9.7
32.5
32.0
2.9
.0

5.8
4.4
2.8
2.3
-12.3
16.6
18.8
2.3
4.5

.3
-.6
3.7
4.0
.8
-15.6
-18.4
5.2
4.5

3.3
4.0
1.4
1.4
6.9
14.2
14.2
2.6
.1

3.0
1.9
3.2
3.2
-6.0
-.8
-1.5
3.7
4.5

105.4

104.9

105.0

105.2

-.4

.8

.8

-.8

.2

.0

189.9
184.4

190.6
183.5

191.5
183.4

192.3
187.1

.4
-16.6

.0
12.5

5.0
21.6

5.2
6.0

.2
-3.1

5.1
13.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

228.3
210.7
232.1
207.7

228.9
210.7
232.9
208.5

229.4
211.1
233.4
209.2

229.8
211.4
233.8
209.8

3.6
3.2
3.8
4.0

3.2
3.5
3.2
3.0

3.4
4.3
3.2
3.1

2.7
1.3
3.0
4.1

3.4
3.3
3.5
3.5

3.0
2.8
3.1
3.6

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

159.2
143.1
178.2

159.3
143.1
178.5

159.6
143.3
178.7

159.7
143.3
178.9

4.2
4.7
3.7

4.7
5.2
3.9

2.3
1.1
3.7

1.3
.6
1.6

4.4
4.9
3.8

1.8
.8
2.6

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

215.9
232.2
149.6

216.8
233.1
150.0

217.5
233.0
150.5

217.6
234.6
150.8

4.1
.7
3.9

4.4
3.7
1.3

3.6
1.9
.5

3.2
4.2
3.2

4.2
2.2
2.6

3.4
3.1
1.9

143.9
155.9
247.8
225.6
249.3

144.4
156.3
248.8
226.2
250.4

145.0
156.5
250.1
229.0
251.6

145.1
157.2
249.5
229.0
250.9

3.1
5.1
5.5
7.0
5.3

-.3
2.6
5.8
8.4
5.5

-.3
1.6
5.0
2.3
5.1

3.4
3.4
2.8
6.2
2.6

1.4
3.8
5.6
7.7
5.4

1.5
2.5
3.9
4.2
3.9

139.9
153.4
131.7
133.3
128.1

140.0
154.1
131.4
132.8
128.0

139.8
154.6
130.9
131.8
126.1

140.4
155.3
131.3
132.0
126.7

2.4
1.8
1.9
1.6
2.2
1.6

4.0
5.0
3.2
6.0
9.9
1.2

3.1
2.3
4.6
1.2
1.2
-3.4

2.6
1.4
5.0
-1.2
-3.8
-4.3

3.2
3.4
2.6
3.8
6.0
1.4

2.8
1.9
4.8
.0
-1.3
-3.8

139.3

138.4

137.8

137.7

2.1

15.6

3.8

-4.5

8.6

-.4

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................

Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

129.3
173.9
177.6

129.2
174.7
178.3

129.3
175.0
178.8

129.7
175.4
179.0

.9
2.6
3.3

2.5
3.6
3.5

-.6
3.5
2.5

1.2
3.5
3.2

1.7
3.1
3.4

.3
3.5
2.9

141.7
180.7
232.1
201.9

142.4
181.0
232.9
202.5

142.8
181.6
233.4
203.2

143.2
183.0
233.8
203.1

3.5
-3.1
3.8
4.4

2.3
3.2
3.2
4.7

4.1
7.9
3.2
4.1

4.3
5.2
3.0
2.4

2.9
.0
3.5
4.6

4.2
6.5
3.1
3.2

157.4
152.8
157.9
152.6
132.9
134.8
140.1
143.6
182.2
168.3
110.2
163.1
165.6

157.7
153.1
158.3
153.0
132.6
134.3
139.2
143.7
182.9
169.1
109.8
163.6
166.1

157.8
153.1
158.3
153.1
132.1
133.4
138.8
143.4
183.5
169.4
109.1
163.8
166.2

158.1
153.7
158.8
153.5
132.6
133.7
139.1
143.8
184.2
170.0
109.1
164.3
166.7

2.1
1.6
1.8
2.2
1.2
2.5
3.0
1.7
2.0
2.5
1.9
2.3
2.2

4.5
4.3
4.5
4.1
6.3
8.8
11.8
6.7
3.6
3.7
15.8
3.3
3.5

2.8
3.5
3.4
3.2
1.2
1.8
4.4
3.1
4.1
3.2
8.4
2.7
2.2

1.8
2.4
2.3
2.4
-.9
-3.2
-2.8
.6
4.5
4.1
-3.9
3.0
2.7

3.3
3.0
3.1
3.1
3.7
5.6
7.3
4.2
2.8
3.1
8.7
2.8
2.9

2.3
2.9
2.8
2.8
.2
-.7
.7
1.8
4.3
3.6
2.0
2.9
2.4

141.2
107.3
179.4

141.2
105.2
180.0

141.0
103.5
180.4

141.5
103.6
180.8

1.7
-1.2
2.5

2.6
34.3
3.4

-.3
13.3
3.9

.9
-13.1
3.2

2.2
15.2
3.0

.3
-.8
3.5

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
June
1996

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Percent change to
Sept. 1996 fromSept.
July
Aug.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Aug. 1996 fromAug.
June
July
1995
1996
1996

U.S. city average ......................

M

156.7

157.0

157.3

157.8

3.0

0.5

0.3

2.9

0.4

0.2

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

163.1
163.8
160.9
161.0

163.4
164.1
161.8
161.5

164.0
164.7
162.2
161.8

164.6
165.4
162.2
162.2

2.9
2.9
2.7
2.3

.7
.8
.2
.4

.4
.4
.0
.2

2.7
2.7
2.7
2.1

.6
.5
.8
.5

.4
.4
.2
.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

152.9
153.5
152.0
154.1

153.2
153.7
152.4
154.6

153.4
154.0
152.8
154.7

154.0
154.5
153.3
155.4

3.1
2.8
3.7
3.2

.5
.5
.6
.5

.4
.3
.3
.5

3.0
2.8
3.4
3.2

.3
.3
.5
.4

.1
.2
.3
.1

M

149.8

150.4

150.4

151.0

3.2

.4

.4

3.2

.4

.0

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

154.0
153.2
156.3
153.8

154.0
153.2
156.7
153.7

154.1
153.1
156.9
154.0

154.5
153.5
157.3
154.4

3.1
2.9
3.3
3.3

.3
.2
.4
.5

.3
.3
.3
.3

2.9
2.5
3.2
3.1

.1
-.1
.4
.1

.1
-.1
.1
.2

M

153.0

152.5

152.6

153.2

3.2

.5

.4

3.2

-.3

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

157.5
157.3
162.4

157.9
158.0
162.4

158.0
158.1
162.6

158.6
158.7
163.0

2.9
2.7
3.4

.4
.4
.4

.4
.4
.2

2.8
2.6
3.6

.3
.5
.1

.1
.1
.1

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

141.4
156.9
156.5
153.7

141.7
157.4
156.8
153.7

141.9
157.6
157.0
154.0

142.4
157.9
157.4
154.7

2.8
3.1
3.1
3.4

.5
.3
.4
.7

.4
.2
.3
.5

2.7
3.1
3.0
3.5

.4
.4
.3
.2

.1
.1
.1
.2

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

157.6
156.7
166.5
162.3
155.2

157.7
157.6
166.7
162.8
155.9

158.1
157.3
167.2
163.6
155.6

158.3
158.2
168.2
164.5
156.3

2.8
2.3
3.1
2.6
2.6

.4
.4
.9
1.0
.3

.1
.6
.6
.6
.4

2.8
1.9
2.7
2.5
2.7

.3
.4
.4
.8
.3

.3
-.2
.3
.5
-.2

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........

1
1

155.4
163.5

2.4
3.1

-.2
.9

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas

-

155.7
162.0

-

-

-

-

-

Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

-

152.1
152.4
149.9
160.1

149.4
151.9
142.8
153.2

-

149.5
152.7
142.8
153.6

153.5
154.6
151.0
160.8
-

3.0
3.8
2.7
2.9

.9
1.4
.7
.4

-

-

-

-

-

3.0
2.6
1.9
2.3

.1
.5
.0
.3

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Aug.
Sept.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Sept. 1996 fromSept. 1995 Aug. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJune to
July to
Aug. to
July
Aug.
Sept.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

154.5
460.2

155.1
461.9

3.0
-

0.4
-

0.2
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........

19.262
17.581
11.206
1.682

153.7
153.4
154.1
174.8

154.5
154.1
155.1
174.3

3.8
3.8
4.5
3.6

.5
.5
.6
-.3

.4
.5
.6
.2

.4
.3
.5
.1

.5
.5
.6
.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

3.453
1.300
2.052
2.719
.369
.285
.885
1.180
6.374
1.681

145.3
144.3
181.8
142.8
144.5
140.6
128.0
156.3
153.1
158.2

146.8
146.4
183.2
143.2
145.3
141.2
127.4
157.2
153.4
158.9

5.5
10.8
3.2
1.8
5.1
2.8
-2.8
4.0
2.6
3.3

1.0
1.5
.8
.3
.6
.4
-.5
.6
.2
.4

.7
1.5
.6
.2
.5
-.8
-.1
.4
.3
.1

.9
1.7
-.2
.0
-.1
.8
.5
-.4
.3
.3

1.0
1.9
-.2
.5
.9
.6
-.5
1.0
.2
.6

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

38.888
25.976
8.091
6.616
1.475
17.695
17.366
.329
.189
.105

150.7
167.3
159.4
162.2
226.5
161.4
161.7
148.0
138.0
149.0

150.8
167.2
158.1
162.6
215.0
161.9
162.2
148.0
138.0
149.4

2.9
3.0
3.1
2.8
4.6
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.2
4.5

.1
-.1
-.8
.2
-5.1
.3
.3
.0
.0
.3

.4
.4
.6
.3
1.7
.3
.3
.5
.3
1.0

.2
.1
.1
.1
-.1
.1
.2
.0
.1
.5

.1
.2
.1
.2
-.2
.2
.2
.3
.0
.3

.085
7.247
3.887

124.1
129.2
117.5

123.6
129.5
117.9

-.6
4.0
4.6

-.4
.2
.3

-.6
.4
.9

-.6
.5
.5

-.4
.2
.2

.327

92.1

95.4

10.3

3.6

-1.5

.5

3.5

3.560

125.7

125.7

4.1

.0

1.1

.6

-.2

3.360
5.666
3.367
1.149
1.150

158.5
123.3
110.0
141.8
151.2

158.8
123.6
110.1
141.8
152.2

3.4
.9
-.4
2.3
3.0

.2
.2
.1
.0
.7

-.1
.1
-.2
.5
.5

.3
.2
.2
.2
.1

.2
.2
.2
.1
.4

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.533
5.017
1.310
2.148
.251
.812
.495
.516

127.5
123.8
125.7
117.4
126.7
126.1
147.8
159.6

130.6
127.2
127.0
122.2
132.4
127.8
151.4
159.7

-.8
-1.0
.5
-2.6
-.2
.2
-1.2
1.8

2.4
2.7
1.0
4.1
4.5
1.3
2.4
.1

.0
.0
-.2
.1
-2.5
.2
.9
.2

-1.5
-1.6
.1
-2.9
-.1
-.4
-3.7
.2

.5
.4
-.8
.7
4.5
-.5
2.3
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

19.020
17.847
4.958
3.591
2.432
3.584
1.619
5.255

142.6
140.5
144.0
140.3
157.8
106.3
106.0
159.6
169.7

142.9
140.7
144.3
140.6
158.2
106.2
105.8
160.8
169.8

3.2
3.0
2.4
2.3
.5
6.4
6.1
3.1
2.3

.2
.1
.2
.2
.3
-.1
-.2
.8
.1

-.4
-.4
.2
.3
-.3
-2.7
-2.5
.2
.4

-.1
-.1
.2
.3
-.1
-1.7
-1.9
.4
.5

.4
.3
.4
.5
.4
-.1
-.3
.6
.4

.767

104.0

104.1

.0

.1

-.5

.2

.2

4.488
1.173

186.3
179.4

186.4
181.8

2.7
5.6

.1
1.3

.5
-.6

.5
.0

.4
1.6

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.262
1.055
5.208
2.965

228.5
208.5
233.1
210.4

228.8
208.5
233.3
210.8

3.3
3.0
3.3
3.6

.1
.0
.1
.2

.3
.2
.3
.4

.1
-.1
.2
.2

.2
.3
.2
.4

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.029
2.053
1.976

157.0
142.2
178.3

157.4
142.2
179.3

3.1
2.7
3.4

.3
.0
.6

.0
-.1
.2

.3
.3
.2

.1
.1
.1

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.006
2.135
1.132

213.0
233.0
150.4

214.7
233.7
150.8

3.6
2.5
2.2

.8
.3
.3

.4
.4
.3

.2
-.2
.3

.2
.7
.3

.635
.497
3.739
.227
3.512

145.6
156.5
244.2
228.8
245.7

145.7
157.2
247.3
231.5
248.8

1.4
3.1
4.7
6.1
4.6

.1
.4
1.3
1.2
1.3

.3
.1
.5
.2
.5

.4
.2
.5
1.5
.4

.1
.4
-.1
.2
-.1

100.000
47.052
19.262
27.790
16.074
5.017

154.5
139.6
153.7
130.9
131.6
123.8

155.1
140.4
154.5
131.7
132.8
127.2

3.0
2.7
3.8
1.9
2.5
-1.0

.4
.6
.5
.6
.9
2.7

.2
.0
.4
-.3
-.4
.0

.1
-.1
.4
-.5
-.8
-1.6

.3
.4
.5
.3
.1
.4

11.057
11.716

138.2
128.9

138.4
129.2

4.0
1.2

.1
.2

-.7
.0

-.5
.0

-.1
.5

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................

Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

52.948
25.430

172.5
161.0

172.8
160.9

3.3
3.1

.2
-.1

.4
.4

.2
.2

.2
.1

8.531
7.279
5.208
6.501

132.7
178.4
233.1
198.7

133.0
179.2
233.3
200.5

3.7
3.3
3.3
3.9

.2
.4
.1
.9

.5
.3
.3
.4

.4
.4
.2
.3

.1
.7
.2
.0

82.419
74.024
82.305
93.738
29.471
17.756
12.739
35.336
27.518
47.740
7.470
92.530
74.949

154.6
151.2
145.1
151.0
132.0
133.1
139.2
143.0
163.8
167.3
111.1
160.6
162.5

155.2
151.9
145.7
151.6
132.8
134.3
139.5
143.9
164.5
167.6
111.3
161.2
163.1

2.8
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.0
2.5
3.9
3.2
3.6
3.3
5.5
2.8
2.6

.4
.5
.4
.4
.6
.9
.2
.6
.4
.2
.2
.4
.4

.1
.1
.2
.2
-.3
-.4
-.7
.0
.5
.5
-.9
.2
.2

.0
.1
.1
.1
-.5
-.6
-.3
-.1
.2
.2
-.5
.1
.1

.3
.3
.3
.3
.4
.1
.1
.2
.4
.2
.0
.4
.3

25.560
3.911
49.388

140.0
105.3
177.7

141.0
105.5
178.0

1.2
6.7
3.2

.7
.2
.2

.1
-2.6
.3

-.2
-1.5
.2

.4
.2
.2

-

$.647
.217

$.645
.216

-2.9
-

-.3
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

-.3
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................
1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for

June
1996

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Dec.
1995

3 months endedMar.
June
1996
1996

Sept.
1996

6 months endedMar.
Sept.
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

2.4

4.3

3.2

2.1

3.4

2.6

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

153.0
152.6
153.1
173.7
143.2
139.8
185.2
142.4
143.7
140.7
127.9
155.9
152.3
157.6

153.6
153.3
154.0
174.0
144.2
141.9
186.3
142.7
144.4
139.6
127.8
156.6
152.7
157.8

154.2
153.8
154.7
174.1
145.5
144.3
186.0
142.7
144.2
140.7
128.5
155.9
153.1
158.2

155.0
154.6
155.7
174.3
147.0
147.0
185.7
143.4
145.5
141.5
127.8
157.5
153.4
159.1

1.9
2.2
1.9
4.1
7.1
6.2
-8.4
.6
2.9
2.9
-4.5
2.9
2.2
1.8

3.2
3.2
3.5
5.3
-.8
4.8
13.3
1.4
8.3
2.3
-4.5
3.7
2.1
4.7

4.6
4.6
5.4
3.8
5.2
10.7
7.0
2.6
4.3
3.5
-1.5
5.3
3.2
2.8

5.3
5.3
7.0
1.4
11.0
22.2
1.1
2.8
5.1
2.3
-.3
4.2
2.9
3.9

2.6
2.7
2.7
4.7
3.0
5.5
1.9
1.0
5.6
2.6
-4.5
3.3
2.2
3.3

5.0
5.0
6.2
2.6
8.1
16.3
4.0
2.7
4.7
2.9
-.9
4.7
3.1
3.4

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

149.1
165.8
156.6
161.5
213.6
160.7
160.9
146.7
137.5
146.7
125.6
126.5
112.5

149.7
166.5
157.6
162.0
217.3
161.2
161.4
147.4
137.9
148.2
124.8
127.0
113.5

150.0
166.7
157.7
162.2
217.0
161.4
161.7
147.4
138.0
149.0
124.1
127.6
114.1

150.2
167.0
157.9
162.6
216.6
161.7
162.0
147.9
138.0
149.4
123.6
127.8
114.3

3.0
3.5
2.4
3.1
-1.0
4.4
4.4
6.0
2.4
4.8
-.3
3.6
4.8

3.3
3.0
4.5
2.5
12.8
2.3
2.0
1.1
1.5
3.1
-.3
5.9
5.5

2.2
2.7
2.6
3.0
1.5
2.8
2.8
1.9
3.6
2.5
4.9
2.6
1.8

3.0
2.9
3.4
2.8
5.7
2.5
2.8
3.3
1.5
7.6
-6.2
4.2
6.6

3.2
3.2
3.4
2.8
5.7
3.3
3.2
3.5
1.9
4.0
-.3
4.8
5.2

2.6
2.8
3.0
2.9
3.6
2.6
2.8
2.6
2.5
5.0
-.8
3.4
4.1

95.0

93.6

94.1

97.4

1.8

46.6

-10.2

10.5

22.2

-.4

119.8
158.2
123.0
109.9
140.9
150.6

121.1
158.0
123.1
109.7
141.6
151.4

121.8
158.5
123.3
109.9
141.9
151.5

121.6
158.8
123.6
110.1
142.0
152.1

4.9
1.8
.7
-1.4
4.1
3.6

2.4
7.2
1.0
.0
4.6
.3

3.1
3.1
.0
-.7
-2.2
4.1

6.1
1.5
2.0
.7
3.2
4.0

3.6
4.5
.8
-.7
4.4
1.9

4.6
2.3
1.0
.0
.4
4.1

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.0
127.8
127.2
124.0
130.1
128.1
150.2
159.0

131.0
127.8
127.0
124.1
126.8
128.4
151.5
159.3

129.0
125.7
127.1
120.5
126.7
127.9
145.9
159.6

129.6
126.2
126.1
121.3
132.4
127.3
149.2
159.7

1.2
.9
.6
3.9
-8.2
-1.9
1.1
.8

2.5
2.5
8.9
-2.8
16.0
5.8
-.8
2.8

-2.4
-2.8
-4.0
-2.2
-13.0
-.3
-2.4
2.0

-4.2
-4.9
-3.4
-8.4
7.3
-2.5
-2.6
1.8

1.8
1.7
4.7
.5
3.2
1.9
.1
1.8

-3.3
-3.8
-3.7
-5.4
-3.4
-1.4
-2.5
1.9

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

143.3
141.3
144.7
140.9
157.2
109.0
108.6
158.8
169.3

142.7
140.7
145.0
141.3
156.8
106.1
105.9
159.1
170.0

142.5
140.5
145.3
141.7
156.7
104.3
103.9
159.7
170.8

143.1
140.9
145.9
142.4
157.4
104.2
103.6
160.7
171.5

.6
.9
1.1
1.2
4.1
-1.2
-2.0
2.6
.2

8.3
8.1
2.5
1.7
9.4
31.9
33.6
2.8
-.5

4.6
4.4
2.5
2.0
-11.1
17.9
16.6
2.3
4.4

-.6
-1.1
3.4
4.3
.5
-16.5
-17.2
4.9
5.3

4.4
4.4
1.8
1.4
6.7
14.2
14.4
2.7
-.1

2.0
1.6
2.9
3.2
-5.5
-.8
-1.7
3.6
4.8

104.5

104.0

104.2

104.4

-.4

.4

.8

-.4

.0

.2

185.6
181.0

186.6
180.0

187.6
180.0

188.4
182.9

.4
-6.8

-.7
12.0

4.9
14.2

6.2
4.3

-.1
2.2

5.5
9.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

227.6
208.0
231.9
208.8

228.3
208.5
232.6
209.7

228.6
208.3
233.1
210.1

229.1
208.9
233.6
211.0

3.7
3.0
3.8
4.2

3.1
3.4
3.0
2.9

3.6
3.9
3.5
3.1

2.7
1.7
3.0
4.3

3.4
3.2
3.4
3.6

3.1
2.8
3.2
3.7

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

156.9
141.9
178.4

156.9
141.8
178.7

157.3
142.2
179.0

157.4
142.4
179.1

3.4
3.2
3.7

4.8
5.6
4.2

2.6
.9
4.1

1.3
1.4
1.6

4.1
4.4
4.0

1.9
1.1
2.9

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

212.2
232.1
149.6

213.1
233.0
150.0

213.6
232.5
150.4

214.0
234.2
150.8

3.7
1.2
3.6

3.7
3.0
1.1

3.5
2.1
.8

3.4
3.7
3.2

3.7
2.1
2.3

3.5
2.9
2.0

144.6
156.0
242.8
226.4
244.2

145.0
156.2
243.9
226.8
245.4

145.6
156.5
245.0
230.2
246.4

145.7
157.2
244.8
230.6
246.1

2.8
4.5
5.4
7.6
5.2

-.3
2.6
5.0
7.8
4.8

.0
2.1
5.1
1.8
5.2

3.1
3.1
3.3
7.6
3.1

1.3
3.6
5.2
7.7
5.0

1.5
2.6
4.2
4.7
4.2

Commodity and service group

All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

140.0
153.0
132.0
133.4
127.8

140.0
153.6
131.6
132.8
127.8

139.8
154.2
131.0
131.7
125.7

140.4
155.0
131.4
131.8
126.2

2.4
1.5
1.9
1.2
2.2
.9

4.3
5.3
3.2
7.0
10.6
2.5

3.2
2.6
4.6
1.2
2.4
-2.8

2.1
1.1
5.3
-1.8
-4.7
-4.9

3.4
3.4
2.6
4.1
6.3
1.7

2.6
1.9
5.0
-.3
-1.2
-3.8

139.1
129.1
171.1
159.8

138.1
129.1
171.8
160.4

137.4
129.1
172.2
160.7

137.3
129.7
172.5
160.9

1.8
1.3
3.2
3.4

15.9
2.5
3.1
3.1

4.1
-.9
3.6
3.1

-5.1
1.9
3.3
2.8

8.7
1.9
3.1
3.2

-.6
.5
3.4
2.9

130.2
178.1
231.9
198.5

130.8
178.6
232.6
199.2

131.3
179.3
233.1
199.8

131.4
180.5
233.6
199.8

4.2
-.2
3.8
4.2

3.5
2.1
3.0
4.4

3.1
5.8
3.5
4.3

3.7
5.5
3.0
2.6

3.8
.9
3.4
4.3

3.4
5.7
3.2
3.5

154.1
151.0
144.7
150.5
133.2
134.7
139.9
143.3
162.3
165.8
110.3
160.3
162.4

154.3
151.2
145.0
150.8
132.8
134.1
138.9
143.3
163.1
166.6
109.3
160.7
162.8

154.3
151.3
145.1
150.9
132.2
133.3
138.5
143.2
163.5
167.0
108.7
160.9
162.9

154.7
151.8
145.5
151.3
132.7
133.4
138.6
143.5
164.2
167.3
108.7
161.5
163.4

2.7
1.9
2.0
2.2
.9
2.2
2.4
2.0
2.8
3.0
1.6
2.3
2.5

4.3
4.7
4.6
4.4
7.2
10.2
13.1
7.3
3.0
3.0
17.7
3.3
3.3

2.9
3.2
3.1
3.0
1.2
2.1
4.4
2.8
4.0
3.5
9.6
2.5
2.0

1.6
2.1
2.2
2.1
-1.5
-3.8
-3.7
.6
4.8
3.7
-5.7
3.0
2.5

3.5
3.3
3.3
3.3
4.0
6.1
7.6
4.7
2.9
3.0
9.3
2.8
2.9

2.2
2.7
2.7
2.6
-.2
-.9
.3
1.7
4.4
3.6
1.7
2.8
2.2

140.8
108.0
176.9

140.9
105.2
177.5

140.6
103.6
177.9

141.1
103.8
178.3

1.7
-1.2
3.0

3.2
33.2
3.3

-.8
15.4
3.5

.9
-14.7
3.2

2.5
14.7
3.2

.0
-.8
3.3

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Sept. 1996 fromSept.
July
Aug.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Aug. 1996 fromAug.
June
July
1995
1996
1996

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

154.1

154.3

154.5

155.1

3.0

0.5

0.4

2.9

0.3

0.1

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

160.6
160.4
158.7
162.5

160.9
160.5
159.7
162.9

161.4
161.0
160.0
163.2

162.0
161.8
159.8
163.7

2.8
2.9
2.5
2.2

.7
.8
.1
.5

.4
.5
-.1
.3

2.7
2.7
2.8
2.1

.5
.4
.8
.4

.3
.3
.2
.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

149.5
149.6
148.0
151.5

149.8
149.7
148.3
151.9

149.9
149.9
148.7
151.9

150.6
150.4
149.5
152.6

3.1
2.8
3.7
3.2

.5
.5
.8
.5

.5
.3
.5
.5

3.0
2.8
3.3
3.1

.3
.2
.5
.3

.1
.1
.3
.0

M

148.0

148.5

148.5

149.1

3.2

.4

.4

3.1

.3

.0

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

152.6
151.6
152.6
153.7

152.6
151.6
152.9
153.6

152.7
151.4
153.1
153.9

153.1
151.7
153.6
154.4

3.2
3.0
3.3
3.3

.3
.1
.5
.5

.3
.2
.3
.3

3.0
2.6
3.2
3.0

.1
-.1
.3
.1

.1
-.1
.1
.2

M

153.6

152.8

153.1

153.9

3.4

.7

.5

3.2

-.3

.2

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

154.5
152.9
159.2

154.9
153.4
159.3

154.9
153.4
159.5

155.5
154.0
159.9

3.0
2.7
3.5

.4
.4
.4

.4
.4
.3

2.8
2.5
3.6

.3
.3
.2

.0
.0
.1

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

140.6
154.0
155.7
153.1

140.8
154.4
155.8
153.0

140.9
154.6
156.0
153.3

141.4
155.0
156.6
154.0

2.8
3.1
3.1
3.4

.4
.4
.5
.7

.4
.3
.4
.5

2.7
3.1
3.0
3.4

.2
.4
.2
.1

.1
.1
.1
.2

June
1996

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

152.6
151.5
162.8
161.7
152.9
149.6
147.1
142.2
146.9

152.7
152.3
162.8
162.1
153.4
154.6
160.9
144.3
150.8
149.0
157.6
-

152.9
151.9
163.3
163.0
153.0
149.5
148.0
142.2
147.2

153.2
152.7
164.4
163.7
153.8

2.8
2.3
3.1
2.4
2.5

.3
.3
1.0
1.0
.3

154.4
162.1
145.8
152.6
150.1
158.2

2.4
3.0
3.2
3.9
2.5
3.1

-.1
.7
1.0
1.2
.7
.4

-

-

-

.2
.5
.7
.4
.5
-

2.8
1.8
2.8
2.4
2.5
3.2
2.8
1.7
2.4

.2
.3
.3
.8
.1
-

.1
-.3
.3
.6
-.3
-

-.1
.6
.0
.2

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-