View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
USDL-96-473
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
Thursday, November 14, 1996
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

OCTOBER 1996

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
0.3 percent before seasonal adjustment in October to a level of 158.3
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of
Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in October, the CPIU increased 3.0 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) also rose 0.3 percent in October, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The October 1996 CPI-W level of 155.5 was 3.0 percent
higher than the index in October 1995.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the Consumer Price Index for All
Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.3 percent in October, the same as in
September. The food index rose 0.6 percent in September, reflecting
sharp increases in prices for dairy products and for fresh fruits and
vegetables. The energy index registered its first increase since May,
advancing 0.7 percent in October. The index for petroleum-based energy
increased 1.4 percent, while the index for energy services was
unchanged. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent,
following a 0.3 percent increase in September. Declines in vehicle
purchase costs and in the index for household furnishings and operation
and a smaller increase in the index for airline fares more than offset a
larger increase in shelter costs.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
3-mos. Ended ended

All Items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel and upkeep
Transportation
Medical care
Entertainment
Other goods
and services
Special Indexes:
Energy
Food
All items less
food and energy

Apr.
.4
.3
.3
-.4
1.1
.3
-.1
.3
3.2
.3
.1

May June July Aug. Sep. Oct.
.3
.1
.3
.1
.3
.3
.1
.7
.5
.3
.5
.6
.2
.1
.4
.2
.2
.3
.1 -.4 -.1 -1.4
.5
.5
.7 -.4 -.2 -.2
.5
.1
.3
.3
.3
.2
.2
.2
.4
.3
.1
.2
.1
.1
.4

Oct.'96
2.8
5.8
2.9
-1.8
1.7
2.5
1.3

Oct.'96
3.0
4.0
2.9
-.8
3.2
3.2
3.0

.2

.4

.3

.0

.4

3.2

3.8

1.1 -2.2
.1
.7

-.4
.5

-.6
.4

.0
.5

.7
.6

.4
6.1

5.7
4.0

.3

.1

.3

.2

2.4

2.6

.2

.2

During the first 10 months of 1996, the CPI-U rose at a 3.3 percent
seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an increase
of 2.5 percent for all of 1995. Increases in the food and energy
components, which acted as moderating influences on overall consumer
price movements throughout most of the past 5 years, have been
responsible for the acceleration thus far in 1996. Energy costs, which
declined last year, have increased at a 6.7 percent rate, with petroleumbased energy advancing at a 10.5 percent SAAR. The food index has risen
at a 4.7 percent annual rate in the first 10 months after increasing 2.1
percent in all of 1995. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced
at a 2.8 percent rate in the first 10 months of 1996. This compares
with a 3.0 percent increase for all of 1995.
The food and beverage index rose 0.6 percent in October. The
recent surge in grocery store food prices continued in October with an
advance of 0.7 percent, bringing the increase over the past 5 months to
3.4 percent. Increases in the indexes for dairy products and for fresh
fruits and vegetables--up 1.7 and 2.4 percent, respectively--accounted
for over three-fourths of the October advance. The index for dairy
products has risen 8.6 percent in the past 5 months and 12.1 percent
since October 1995. Prior to the October advance, the index for fresh
fruits and vegetables had declined 0.5 percent in each of the 2
preceding months. Among the other major grocery store food groups, the
index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.5 percent in
October, following advances totaling 4.1 percent in the 4 months ended
in September. The index for pork, which had increased 9.6 percent in
the previous 5-month period, rose 0.1 percent in October. The indexes
for beef and for poultry increased 0.6 and 0.8 percent, respectively.
The index for cereal and bakery products rose 0.2 percent, the same as

in September. The index for other food at home increased 0.1 percent
in October. The other two components of the food and beverage index-restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--increased 0.5 and 0.4 percent,
respectively.
The housing component rose 0.3 percent in October. Shelter costs
increased 0.3 percent, following a rise of 0.2 percent in September.
Within shelter, renters' costs and homeowners' costs each rose 0.3
percent, and maintenance and repair costs increased 0.2 percent. The
index for fuel and other utilities rose 0.5 percent. Household fuels
increased 0.7 percent, reflecting a 7.0 percent rise in the index for
fuel oil. A 0.7 percent increase in charges for natural gas was offset
by a 0.2 percent decline in the index for electricity. Among other
utilities and public services, the index for cable television rose 0.5
percent in October to a level 7.7 percent higher than a year ago. The
index for household furnishings and operation declined 0.1 percent in
October, following increases of 0.2 percent in each of the preceding 2
months.
The transportation index increased 0.1 percent in October, following
a rise of 0.5 percent in September. The index for gasoline registered
its first increase since May, advancing 0.7 percent in October after
declining 8.0 percent in the preceding 4-month period. (Prior to
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices continued to fall--down 0.5
percent.) As of October, the gasoline index was 11.4 percent below its
peak level of December 1990. Automobile purchase costs, which had risen
substantially in September, declined in October. The index for new
vehicles, which increased 0.6 percent in September, fell 0.2 percent in
October. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, new vehicle prices rose 0.4
percent.
As of October, nearly 30 percent of the new vehicle sample
was represented by 1997 models. The 1997 models will continue to be
phased in over the next several months as they replace old models at
dealerships. For a report on quality changes for the 1997 vehicles, see
news release USDL-96-472, dated November 13, 1996.) The index for
automobile finance charges declined 0.3 percent in October, its first
decrease since February. The index for used cars also turned down in
October, declining 0.3 percent after increasing 0.3 percent in
September. The index for airline fares, which increased 2.9 percent in
September, rose 1.9 percent in October.
The index for apparel and upkeep rose 0.5 percent in October, the
same as in September after declining 1.4 percent in August. The
proportion of higher priced fall-winter wear in the sample in September
and October was about normal in contrast to August, which was
characterized by the slower than usual introduction of the seasonal

clothing. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, clothing prices rose 1.7
percent in October.)
Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in October to a level 3.2 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.5 percent
in October. The index for medical care services rose 0.2 percent.
Charges for professional services and hospital and related services
increased 0.3 and 0.1 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs rose 0.1 percent in October, the same as in
September. Declines in the index for admissions (to movies, theaters,
concerts, etc.), for fees for participant sports, and for sporting goods
partially offset small to moderate increases in most other entertainment
components.
The index for other goods and services, which was virtually
unchanged in September, increased 0.4 percent in October. The index for
personal and educational expenses, which declined 0.2 percent in
September, rose 0.4 percent in October. The index for tobacco products
increased 0.7 percent for the second consecutive month in October.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.3 percent in October.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
3-mos. ended ended
Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct.
Oct. '96 Oct. '96
All Items
.4
.3
.1
.2
.1
.3
.3
2.6
3.0
Food and beverages .3
.1
.7
.4
.4
.5
.5
5.9
4.0
Housing
.3
.2
.1
.4
.2
.1
.2
2.2
2.8
Apparel and upkeep -.2
.2 -.6
.0 -1.5
.5
.4
-2.7
-.7
Transportation
1.1
.6 -.6 -.4 -.1
.4
.2
2.0
3.2
Medical care
.3
.3
.3
.3
.1
.2
.2
2.3
3.2
Entertainment
-.1
.4
.3
.0
.3
.1
.1
1.5
3.0
Other goods
and services
.3
.4
.1
.4
.2
.2
.5
3.6
3.6
Special Indexes:
Energy
3.3
1.1 -2.0 -.9 -.5
.0
.8
1.1
6.1
Food
.3
.1
.8
.5
.3
.5
.6
5.9
4.0

All items less
food and energy

.1

.2

.1

.2

.1

.3

.2

2.2

2.5

Consumer Price Index data for November are scheduled for release on
Thursday, December 12, 1996, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).
Changing the Hospital and Related Services Component of the Consumer
Price Index
Effective with the release of data for January 1997, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics (BLS) will introduce improvements in the way in which
the Hospital and related services component of the Consumer Price Index
(CPI) is calculated. Two complementary changes will be made:
Items within the hospital and related services component will be
reclassified into two main groups, or item strata--Hospital services and
Nursing home services, instead of the current three--Hospital rooms,
Other inpatient services, and Hospital outpatient services.
The definition of the specific items selected for pricing within
individual hospitals will be broadened substantially. These newly
defined items will be reselected using new procedures in the majority of
the hospitals from which price data currently are collected for the CPI.
Additional information on these changes will be published in the
June 1996 CPI Detailed Report and is available on the Internet. (Go to
gopher://stats.bls.gov and access
/pub/special.requests/cpi/hospital.txt.) This information may also be
obtained by writing to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of
Consumer Prices and Price Indexes,
2 Massachusetts Ave. NE, Room 3260, Washington, DC 20212, or by
telephoning Elaine Cardenas at (202) 606-6985 ext. 251

Improving the Procedures for Substitute Items
Effective for the CPI to replace an item it has been pricing, the CPI
field agent finds a replacement item. The object of the substitution
process is to find the item in the outlet that is most similar to the
one the CPI had been following.
About 3.5 percent of all pricing
result in substitutions. Whenever there is a substitution, a CPI

analyst determines if the new item is comparable to, that is, not
significantly different from, the item it replaces.
If the item is
judged comparable, there is no break in the series or change in the
item's weight. About 55 percent of substitutions are comparable.
If
the substitute is not comparable to the previous item, the analyst may
be able to determine the value of the difference and make a quality
adjustment to keep the series continuous. CPI analysts adjust for
quality in about 15 percent of the substitutions. However, about 30
percent of the substitutes are neither comparable nor adjustable.
In
this case, the CPI had started the item's series anew and recalculated
its base period price, and hence the implicit quantity weight, using
the price of the substitute item. This created a situation in which the
item's weight was not independent of its probability of price change.
Effective with the CPI for July 1996, the CPI will--except in rare and
extreme cases--no longer recalculate the base period price of a
noncomparable substitute item. Instead, the CPI will use the originally
calculated weight for the item throughout the life of that item series.
For more details, see "Improving CPI Item Substitution Procedures" in
the July 1996 issue of the CPI Detailed Report.
New Seasonal Adjustment Method to be Implemented
Effective with the release of revised seasonally adjusted data for 19921996 on February 14, 1997, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will
begin using X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment software (developed by the
Bureau of the Census) for performing Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment (IASA) for selected CPI series. The X-12 ARIMA methodology
incorporates a number of technical enhancements that improve the
estimation of seasonal factors. This change will affect 20 CPI series.
In addition, all remaining Consumer Price Index series requiring
seasonal adjustment will be processed using X-12-ARIMA software
beginning in February 1998. Seasonal adjustment methods in the Producer
Price Index will change in similar fashion.
For more information, please contact Claire Gallagher on (202) 606-6968.
Recalculated Seasonally Adjusted Indexes to be Available on February 14,
1997
Each year with the release of the January CPI, seasonal adjustment
factors are recalculated to reflect price movements from the justcompleted calendar year. This routine annual recalculation may result
in revisions to seasonally adjusted indexes for the previous 5 years.
BLS will make available recalculated seasonally adjusted indexes, as
well as recalculated seasonal adjustment factors, for the period January

1992 through December 1996, at 8:30 a.m. on Friday, February 14, 1997.
Seasonal factors for 1997 for directly adjusted series will also be
available. This date is two working days before the scheduled release
of the January 1997 CPI on Wednesday, February 19, 1997.
The revised indexes and seasonal factors will be available on the
internet at gopher://stats.bls.gov. Choose the "special requests"
directory, and then the "cpi" directory. The revised seasonal data will
be in the file revseas.cpi.
For further information please contact Claire McAnaw Gallagher or
Richard Kerr on (202) 606-6968.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Sept.
Oct.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Oct. 1996 fromOct. 1995 Sept. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJuly to
Aug. to
Sept. to
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

157.8
472.7

158.3
474.1

3.0
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.332
15.766
9.880
1.473
2.936
1.169
1.936
2.365
.327
.248
.763
1.027
5.886
1.566

155.0
154.6
155.9
174.7
147.2
146.7
183.6
143.6
145.4
141.5
127.9
157.5
153.5
159.5

155.8
155.4
156.8
175.1
147.9
149.3
185.1
143.9
145.7
141.6
127.6
158.5
154.2
160.1

4.0
4.0
4.7
3.6
5.0
12.1
4.5
1.9
4.7
2.4
-2.5
4.2
2.8
3.4

.5
.5
.6
.2
.5
1.8
.8
.2
.2
.1
-.2
.6
.5
.4

.3
.4
.5
.0
.9
2.0
-.3
-.1
-.2
.8
.5
-.5
.2
.3

.5
.5
.6
.2
1.1
1.7
-.1
.5
1.0
.6
-.6
1.0
.3
.5

.6
.6
.7
.2
.5
1.7
1.5
.1
-.1
-.2
-.5
.6
.5
.4

+

+
+
+
+
+
+

+

+

+

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
_
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
_
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
_
Household insurance 1/ .............
_
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
_
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
_
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
_
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
_
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.346
28.289
7.988

153.9
172.0
180.9

154.0
172.5
181.3

2.9
3.1
3.4

.1
.3
.2

.2
.1
.1

.2
.2
.1

.3
.3
.3

5.762
2.227
20.102

162.9
214.8
177.5

163.3
214.9
178.1

2.8
4.8
2.9

.2
.0
.3

.1
-.1
.2

.2
-.1
.2

.2
.7
.3

19.716

177.9

178.4

2.9

.3

.1

.2

.3

.386

162.3

163.4

4.0

.7

.1

.3

.8

.199

139.9

140.2

2.9

.2

.2

.1

.2

.122

147.4

147.3

3.9

-.1

.5

.2

-.1

.077

129.5

130.5

1.2

.8

-.4

-.1

.8

7.014
3.792

129.8
118.4

128.7
116.2

3.9
4.2

-.8
-1.9

.4
.5

.2
.2

.5
.7

.356

95.6

102.9

18.4

7.6

.5

3.6

6.3

3.436

126.2

122.7

2.8

-2.8

.6

-.1

.0

3.222

158.3

158.6

3.3

.2

.3

.2

.2

6.043
3.445
1.116
1.482

125.1
111.5
141.2
149.4

125.0
111.1
141.6
149.9

.9
-.5
1.7
3.6

-.1
-.4
.3
.3

.2
.3
.1
.0

.2
.2
.1
.5

-.1
-.3
.0
.5

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
_
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................
_

5.516
4.967
1.303
2.195
.195

131.5
127.8
127.4
123.6
131.4

133.4
130.0
129.2
127.1
128.5

-.8
-1.1
.6
-2.7
-1.9

1.4
1.7
1.4
2.8
-2.2

-1.4
-1.5
.2
-2.7
-.5

.5
.5
-.8
1.0
5.0

.5
.5
.3
.9
-2.2

.732
.542
.550

126.7
151.9
160.4

128.0
152.0
160.6

.4
-.7
2.3

1.0
.1
.1

-.6
-2.3
.3

-.2
1.5
.1

.6
.1
.1

+
+
+

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

16.953
15.430
5.027
4.015
1.342
2.908
1.535
4.618

143.2
140.0
143.2
141.0
157.0
106.2
105.7
160.0
174.1

143.9
140.5
143.8
141.5
157.0
105.9
105.2
160.5
175.4

3.2
3.1
2.1
2.1
-.1
7.7
7.3
3.3
2.0

.5
.4
.4
.4
.0
-.3
-.5
.3
.7

-.2
-.2
.1
.3
.0
-2.0
-2.0
.3
.5

.5
.3
.6
.5
.3
-.3
-.4
.8
.3

.1
.1
-.2
-.2
-.3
.8
.7
.4
-.1

.608

105.0

105.0

.0

.0

.1

.2

.0

4.010
1.523

190.3
184.6

192.0
187.2

2.3
4.8

.9
1.4

.5
-.1

.4
2.0

-.2
1.2

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.362
1.282
6.081
3.465

229.4
211.2
233.6
209.6

230.1
212.4
234.2
210.2

3.2
3.3
3.2
3.6

.3
.6
.3
.3

.2
.2
.2
.3

.2
.1
.2
.3

.2
.5
.2
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.367
1.975
2.392

159.8
143.3
179.1

159.8
143.6
178.9

3.0
2.9
3.1

.0
.2
-.1

.2
.1
.1

.1
.0
.1

.1
.3
.0

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
_
Personal care services 2/ ............
_
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.123
1.610
1.170

218.3
234.1
150.8

218.8
235.3
150.9

3.8
3.2
1.6

.2
.5
.1

.3
.0
.3

.0
.7
.2

.4
.7
.1

.613

145.1

144.6

.1

-.3

.4

.1

-.3

.557

157.2

157.9

3.2

.4

.1

.4

.4

4.342
.258
4.084

252.1
229.9
254.0

252.5
230.5
254.3

4.6
5.9
4.6

.2
.3
.1

.5
1.2
.5

-.2
.0
-.3

.4
.7
.4

100.000
42.916
17.332
25.584
15.075
4.967

157.8
140.3
155.0
131.4
133.0
127.8

158.3
141.0
155.8
132.1
134.0
130.0

3.0
2.8
4.0
2.0
2.7
-1.1

.3
.5
.5
.5
.8
1.7

.1
-.1
.3
-.4
-.8
-1.5

.3
.4
.5
.3
.2
.5

.3
.4
.6
.2
.5
.5

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................

+
+

Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
_
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
_
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

10.108
10.509
57.084
27.671

138.7
129.2
175.6
179.0

139.2
129.3
175.8
179.4

4.6
.9
3.2
3.0

.4
.1
.1
.2

-.4
.1
.2
.3

-.1
.3
.2
.1

.7
-.1
.3
.2

8.681

144.6

143.2

3.2

-1.0

.3

.3

.1

7.068
6.081
7.583

181.6
233.6
203.9

183.2
234.2
204.0

3.1
3.2
3.8

.9
.3
.0

.3
.2
.3

.8
.2
.0

.3
.2
.2

84.234
71.711
79.898

158.4
153.8
158.9

158.8
154.2
159.4

2.8
2.9
3.0

.3
.3
.3

.1
.0
.0

.2
.4
.3

.3
.3
.4

92.638
27.150
16.641
11.674
32.407
29.414

153.8
132.5
134.5
139.8
144.1
184.6

154.2
133.2
135.5
140.3
145.1
184.6

2.9
2.1
2.7
4.5
3.3
3.4

.3
.5
.7
.4
.7
.0

.1
-.4
-.7
-.3
-.2
.3

.3
.4
.2
.2
.3
.4

.3
.2
.6
.6
.5
.1

51.004
6.700
93.300
77.534

170.2
111.7
164.0
166.4

170.4
110.5
164.7
167.0

3.2
5.7
2.8
2.6

.1
-1.1
.4
.4

.2
-.6
.1
.1

.4
.0
.3
.3

.2
.7
.3
.2

23.885
3.264
53.648

141.4
105.2
180.7

142.0
105.8
181.2

1.1
8.8
3.2

.4
.6
.3

-.1
-1.6
.2

.4
.1
.2

.1
1.4
.3

-

$.634

$.632

-2.9

-.3

-.2

-.3

-.3

-

.212

.211

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
+
_
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
+
_
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
+
_
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................
+
_
+
+

1/
_
2/

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.

-

+

_
NOTE:

Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Seasonally adjusted indexes
July
1996

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Oct.
1996

Jan.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedApr.
July
Oct.
Apr.
Oct.
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

+

+

-

-

-

-

2.6

3.9

2.6

2.8

3.3

2.7

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

154.1
153.8
154.8
174.3
144.5
142.0
186.9
143.1
144.5
139.9
128.3
156.8
152.8
158.5

154.6
154.4
155.5
174.3
145.8
144.8
186.3
143.0
144.2
141.0
129.0
156.0
153.1
158.9

155.3
155.1
156.5
174.7
147.4
147.2
186.1
143.7
145.6
141.9
128.2
157.6
153.5
159.7

156.3
156.1
157.6
175.1
148.1
149.7
188.9
143.8
145.4
141.6
127.5
158.5
154.2
160.3

1.1
.8
.3
6.5
3.5
5.5
-12.2
1.1
7.4
2.9
-3.9
2.7
1.6
2.3

4.0
4.3
5.1
2.3
-1.7
5.1
21.1
2.9
1.7
.3
.6
5.6
2.7
4.2

5.1
5.1
6.4
3.5
8.8
15.1
7.2
1.7
7.2
1.4
-4.2
4.2
3.2
2.6

5.8
6.1
7.4
1.8
10.3
23.5
4.3
2.0
2.5
4.9
-2.5
4.4
3.7
4.6

2.5
2.5
2.7
4.4
.9
5.3
3.1
2.0
4.5
1.6
-1.7
4.1
2.1
3.3

5.5
5.6
6.9
2.7
9.5
19.2
5.7
1.8
4.8
3.2
-3.4
4.3
3.5
3.6

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
_
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
_
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........

152.9
171.2
180.2

153.2
171.4
180.3

153.5
171.7
180.5

154.0
172.3
181.1

3.2
3.6
3.5

2.9
2.6
3.2

2.7
3.6
4.8

2.9
2.6
2.0

3.1
3.1
3.3

2.8
3.1
3.4

162.3
217.1
176.7

162.5
216.8
177.0

162.9
216.5
177.4

163.3
218.0
177.9

3.1
4.5
3.5

2.3
5.8
2.5

3.5
7.3
3.0

2.5
1.7
2.7

2.7
5.2
3.0

3.0
4.5
2.9

177.1

177.3

177.7

178.2

3.7

2.5

3.0

2.5

3.1

2.7

+
+
+
+
+

+

+

+

_
Household insurance 1/ ...............
_
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
_
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
_
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
_
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
_
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

161.4

161.6

162.1

163.4

2.6

4.1

4.3

5.0

3.3

4.7

139.4

139.7

139.9

140.2

.0

5.1

4.1

2.3

2.5

3.2

146.3

147.1

147.4

147.3

.8

4.9

7.1

2.8

2.8

4.9

130.1

129.6

129.5

130.5

-.9

4.4

.3

1.2

1.7

.8

127.5
114.2

128.0
114.8

128.3
115.0

128.9
115.8

2.9
3.3

5.9
8.5

2.2
-.3

4.5
5.7

4.4
5.8

3.3
2.6

93.8

94.3

97.7

103.9

40.0

26.1

-26.2

50.5

32.9

5.4

121.7
157.5

122.4
158.0

122.3
158.3

122.3
158.6

.0
2.4

6.9
2.6

2.7
5.5

2.0
2.8

3.4
2.5

2.3
4.2

124.5
110.9
141.1
148.6

124.7
111.2
141.3
148.6

125.0
111.4
141.4
149.3

124.9
111.1
141.4
150.1

2.0
.7
4.1
2.5

.3
-.7
2.6
2.2

.0
-2.8
-.8
5.9

1.3
.7
.9
4.1

1.1
.0
3.3
2.4

.6
-1.1
.0
5.0

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
_
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................
_

131.7
128.0
127.4
124.5
125.7

129.9
126.1
127.6
121.1
125.1

130.5
126.7
126.6
122.3
131.4

131.1
127.3
127.0
123.4
128.5

3.1
2.8
3.5
5.8
1.5

-2.7
-3.0
2.5
-9.9
6.9

-1.5
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-21.9

-1.8
-2.2
-1.2
-3.5
9.2

.2
-.2
3.0
-2.4
4.2

-1.7
-2.2
-1.7
-2.9
-7.6

127.2
151.8
159.9

126.4
148.3
160.3

126.1
150.5
160.4

126.8
150.6
160.6

-5.0
3.2
3.1

6.2
-3.1
1.5

2.2
.0
2.8

-1.3
-3.1
1.8

.5
.0
2.3

.5
-1.6
2.3

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation

143.4
140.4
144.0
141.7
155.7
106.6
106.0
158.2
174.1

143.1
140.1
144.2
142.1
155.7
104.5
103.9
158.6
174.9

143.8
140.5
145.0
142.8
156.2
104.2
103.5
159.8
175.5

144.0
140.7
144.7
142.5
155.8
105.0
104.2
160.4
175.3

1.4
3.9
.8
1.2
7.1
16.5
16.6
3.4
-.5

9.8
9.0
2.3
2.0
.8
41.1
40.2
1.5
2.1

.3
-1.1
3.1
2.9
-8.0
-12.8
-13.1
2.8
3.8

1.7
.9
2.0
2.3
.3
-5.9
-6.6
5.7
2.8

5.5
6.4
1.6
1.6
3.9
28.2
27.9
2.5
.8

1.0
-.1
2.5
2.6
-4.0
-9.4
-9.9
4.2
3.3

104.9

105.0

105.2

105.2

-.8

.4

-.8

1.1

-.2

.2

+
+
+

services .........................
Public transportation ....................

190.6
183.5

191.5
183.4

192.3
187.1

192.0
189.3

-.6
-22.4

2.6
19.4

4.3
14.7

3.0
13.3

1.0
-3.7

3.6
14.0

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

228.9
210.7
232.9
208.5

229.4
211.1
233.4
209.2

229.8
211.4
233.8
209.8

230.3
212.4
234.2
210.4

4.2
3.9
4.3
4.2

2.9
3.3
2.6
3.2

3.4
2.5
3.7
3.3

2.5
3.3
2.3
3.7

3.5
3.6
3.5
3.7

2.9
2.9
3.0
3.5

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

159.3
143.1
178.5

159.6
143.3
178.7

159.7
143.3
178.9

159.8
143.7
178.9

4.2
4.7
3.7

3.4
3.4
3.0

2.8
1.7
4.4

1.3
1.7
.9

3.8
4.0
3.4

2.0
1.7
2.6

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
_
Personal care services 2/ ..............
_
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

216.8
233.1
150.0

217.5
233.0
150.5

217.6
234.6
150.8

218.5
236.2
150.9

3.5
-.9
1.6

4.6
4.1
1.6

4.2
4.2
.8

3.2
5.4
2.4

4.0
1.6
1.6

3.7
4.8
1.6

144.4

145.0

145.1

144.6

-1.9

1.4

.6

.6

-.3

.6

156.3

156.5

157.2

157.9

5.3

1.8

1.6

4.2

3.6

2.8

248.8
226.2
250.4

250.1
229.0
251.6

249.5
229.0
250.9

250.4
230.5
251.8

5.6
8.5
5.4

5.6
5.7
5.7

5.0
1.8
5.1

2.6
7.8
2.3

5.6
7.1
5.6

3.8
4.8
3.7

140.0
154.1
131.4
132.8
128.0

139.8
154.6
130.9
131.8
126.1

140.4
155.3
131.3
132.0
126.7

140.9
156.3
131.6
132.7
127.3

2.6
2.9
1.1
4.1
7.3
2.8

3.9
5.0
4.0
5.6
7.8
-3.0

2.6
.6
5.1
-2.4
-3.8
-2.2

2.8
2.6
5.8
.6
-.3
-2.2

3.3
4.0
2.5
4.9
7.6
-.2

2.7
1.6
5.5
-.9
-2.1
-2.2

138.4
129.2
174.7
178.3

137.8
129.3
175.0
178.8

137.7
129.7
175.4
179.0

138.7
129.6
175.9
179.4

8.4
1.9
2.4
3.5

15.3
1.2
3.5
2.8

-5.0
-.6
4.2
3.4

.9
1.2
2.8
2.5

11.8
1.6
3.0
3.1

-2.1
.3
3.5
3.0

142.4

142.8

143.2

143.4

1.2

4.1

4.6

2.8

2.6

3.7

181.0
232.9
202.5

181.6
233.4
203.2

183.0
233.8
203.1

183.5
234.2
203.5

-5.3
4.3
4.8

6.1
2.6
4.3

6.2
3.7
4.3

5.6
2.3
2.0

.2
3.5
4.5

5.9
3.0
3.1

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
+
_
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
+
_
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
+
_
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
+
_
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

157.7
153.1
158.3

157.8
153.1
158.3

158.1
153.7
158.8

158.6
154.2
159.4

2.9
2.2
2.3

4.2
4.6
4.4

2.1
2.4
2.6

2.3
2.9
2.8

3.5
3.4
3.4

2.2
2.6
2.7

153.0
132.6
134.3
139.2
143.7
182.9

153.1
132.1
133.4
138.8
143.4
183.5

153.5
132.6
133.7
139.1
143.8
184.2

154.0
132.9
134.5
140.0
144.5
184.4

2.7
4.1
6.9
8.0
4.4
1.6

4.0
5.3
7.4
12.2
5.8
4.1

2.7
-2.1
-3.2
-3.9
1.1
4.3

2.6
.9
.6
2.3
2.2
3.3

3.4
4.7
7.2
10.1
5.1
2.8

2.6
-.6
-1.3
-.9
1.7
3.8

169.1
109.8
163.6
166.1

169.4
109.1
163.8
166.2

170.0
109.1
164.3
166.7

170.4
109.9
164.8
167.1

2.0
8.7
2.3
2.2

3.9
22.0
2.8
2.7

3.9
-6.0
3.2
2.9

3.1
.4
3.0
2.4

2.9
15.2
2.5
2.5

3.5
-2.8
3.1
2.7

141.2
105.2
180.0

141.0
103.5
180.4

141.5
103.6
180.8

141.6
105.0
181.3

2.3
19.1
2.5

.9
39.3
3.4

.0
-14.5
4.1

1.1
-.8
2.9

1.6
28.8
3.0

.6
-7.9
3.5

+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+
Area
+

Pricing
schedule
1/
_

Indexes
July
1996

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Oct.
1996

Percent change to
Oct. 1996 fromOct.
Aug.
Sept.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Sept. 1996 fromSept.
July
Aug.
1995
1996
1996

U.S. city average ......................
+

M

157.0

157.3

157.8

158.3

3.0

0.6

0.3

3.0

0.5

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

163.4
164.1
161.8
161.5

164.0
164.7
162.2
161.8

164.6
165.4
162.2
162.2

165.1
165.7
162.4
163.8

3.0
2.9
2.5
3.5

.7
.6
.1
1.2

.3
.2
.1
1.0

2.9
2.9
2.7
2.3

.7
.8
.2
.4

.4
.4
.0
.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

153.2
153.7
152.4
154.6

153.4
154.0
152.8
154.7

154.0
154.5
153.3
155.4

154.4
154.8
154.0
156.5

3.2
3.0
3.8
3.3

.7
.5
.8
1.2

.3
.2
.5
.7

3.1
2.8
3.7
3.2

.5
.5
.6
.5

.4
.3
.3
.5

M

150.4

150.4

151.0

151.1

3.5

.5

.1

3.2

.4

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

154.0
153.2
156.7
153.7

154.1
153.1
156.9
154.0

154.5
153.5
157.3
154.4

154.9
153.7
157.7
154.8

2.9
2.5
3.3
2.9

.5
.4
.5
.5

.3
.1
.3
.3

3.1
2.9
3.3
3.3

.3
.2
.4
.5

.3
.3
.3
.3

M

152.5

152.6

153.2

154.3

3.6

1.1

.7

3.2

.5

.4

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

157.9
158.0
162.4

158.0
158.1
162.6

158.6
158.7
163.0

159.1
159.2
163.2

2.9
2.8
3.4

.7
.7
.4

.3
.3
.1

2.9
2.7
3.4

.4
.4
.4

.4
.4
.2

M

141.7

141.9

142.4

142.7

2.8

.6

.2

2.8

.5

.4

M
M
M

157.4
156.8
153.7

157.6
157.0
154.0

157.9
157.4
154.7

158.4
158.2
155.5

3.2
3.2
3.7

.5
.8
1.0

.3
.5
.5

3.1
3.1
3.4

.3
.4
.7

.2
.3
.5

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

157.7
157.6
166.7
162.8
155.9

158.1
157.3
167.2
163.6
155.6

158.3
158.2
168.2
164.5
156.3

158.8
158.8
168.2
164.9
156.6

2.9
2.3
2.8
2.8
2.6

.4
1.0
.6
.8
.6

.3
.4
.0
.2
.2

2.8
2.3
3.1
2.6
2.6

.4
.4
.9
1.0
.3

.1
.6
.6
.6
.4

Baltimore, MD ..........................

1

155.7

2.4

-.2

Region and area size 2/
_

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
+
_
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................
Selected local areas

-

155.4

-

-

-

-

-

Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

162.0
152.1
152.4
149.9
160.1
-

149.5
152.7
142.8
153.6

163.5
153.5
154.6
151.0
160.8
-

-

-

150.7
153.8
143.2
154.5

2.7
2.7
1.1
2.7

.8
.7
.3
.6

-

3.1
3.0
3.8
2.7
2.9
-

.9
.9
1.4
.7
.4
-

-

+
+

+
+

1/
_

2/
_
3/
_
NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Sept.
Oct.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Oct. 1996 fromOct. 1995 Sept. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJuly to
Aug. to
Sept. to
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................

100.000

155.1

155.5

3.0

0.3

0.1

0.3

0.3

All items (1967=100) .......................

+

+
+
+
+
+
+

+

-

461.9

463.2

-

-

-

-

-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.262
17.581
11.206
1.682
3.453
1.300
2.052
2.719
.369
.285
.885
1.180
6.374
1.681

154.5
154.1
155.1
174.3
146.8
146.4
183.2
143.2
145.3
141.2
127.4
157.2
153.4
158.9

155.2
154.9
155.9
174.7
147.5
148.9
184.1
143.5
145.6
141.3
127.1
158.2
154.2
159.5

4.0
4.0
4.7
3.5
5.0
12.1
4.4
1.9
4.7
2.4
-2.4
4.2
2.9
3.4

.5
.5
.5
.2
.5
1.7
.5
.2
.2
.1
-.2
.6
.5
.4

.4
.3
.5
.1
.9
1.7
-.2
.0
-.1
.8
.5
-.4
.3
.3

.5
.5
.6
.1
1.0
1.9
-.2
.5
.9
.6
-.5
1.0
.2
.6

.5
.6
.6
.2
.5
1.6
1.3
-.1
-.1
-.1
-.6
.4
.5
.4

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
_
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
_
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
_
Household insurance 1/ .............
_
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
_
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
_
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
_
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
_

38.888
25.976
8.091

150.8
167.2
158.1

150.7
167.6
158.3

2.8
2.9
3.1

-.1
.2
.1

.2
.1
.1

.1
.2
.1

.2
.2
.2

6.616
1.475
17.695

162.6
215.0
161.9

162.9
214.6
162.4

2.7
4.5
2.9

.2
-.2
.3

.1
-.1
.1

.2
-.2
.2

.1
.4
.2

17.366

162.2

162.7

2.9

.3

.2

.2

.2

.329

148.0

148.7

3.0

.5

.0

.3

.5

.189

138.0

138.5

2.1

.4

.1

.0

.4

.105

149.4

149.5

3.5

.1

.5

.3

.1

.085

123.6

124.8

.4

1.0

-.6

-.4

1.0

7.247
3.887

129.5
117.9

128.3
115.6

3.9
4.3

-.9
-2.0

.5
.5

.2
.2

.5
.7

.327

95.4

102.6

18.2

7.5

.5

3.5

6.5

3.560

125.7

122.2

3.1

-2.8

.6

-.2

.2

3.360

158.8

159.2

3.4

.3

.3

.2

.3

+

+

+

Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

5.666
3.367
1.149
1.150

123.6
110.1
141.8
152.2

123.4
109.7
142.1
152.5

.6
-.6
1.9
3.0

-.2
-.4
.2
.2

.2
.2
.2
.1

.2
.2
.1
.4

-.2
-.5
-.1
.3

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
_
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................
_

5.533
5.017
1.310
2.148
.251

130.6
127.2
127.0
122.2
132.4

132.4
129.2
129.0
125.4
128.9

-.7
-1.0
.9
-2.9
-2.9

1.4
1.6
1.6
2.6
-2.6

-1.5
-1.6
.1
-2.9
-.1

.5
.4
-.8
.7
4.5

.4
.5
.6
.5
-2.6

.812
.495
.516

127.8
151.4
159.7

129.2
151.9
159.7

.6
.7
2.2

1.1
.3
.0

-.4
-3.7
.2

-.5
2.3
.1

.5
1.4
.0

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

19.020
17.847
4.958
3.591
2.432
3.584
1.619
5.255

142.9
140.7
144.3
140.6
158.2
106.2
105.8
160.8
169.8

143.5
141.2
145.0
141.1
158.3
106.0
105.3
161.4
171.2

3.2
3.1
2.2
2.0
.1
7.9
7.6
3.3
2.1

.4
.4
.5
.4
.1
-.2
-.5
.4
.8

-.1
-.1
.2
.3
-.1
-1.7
-1.9
.4
.5

.4
.3
.4
.5
.4
-.1
-.3
.6
.4

.2
.2
-.1
-.2
-.3
1.0
.9
.3
-.1

.767

104.1

104.1

-.1

.0

.2

.2

-.1

4.488
1.173

186.4
181.8

188.2
184.3

2.4
5.4

1.0
1.4

.5
.0

.4
1.6

.0
1.0

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.262
1.055
5.208
2.965

228.8
208.5
233.3
210.8

229.4
209.8
233.9
211.4

3.2
3.2
3.2
3.6

.3
.6
.3
.3

.1
-.1
.2
.2

.2
.3
.2
.4

.2
.5
.1
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.029
2.053
1.976

157.4
142.2
179.3

157.5
142.5
179.1

3.0
2.7
3.2

.1
.2
-.1

.3
.3
.2

.1
.1
.1

.1
.1
.0

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
_
Toilet goods and personal care

7.006
2.135
1.132

214.7
233.7
150.8

215.3
234.8
150.9

3.6
2.9
1.5

.3
.5
.1

.2
-.2
.3

.2
.7
.3

.5
.7
.1

+
+

appliances 2/ ....................
_
Personal care services 2/ ............
_
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

.635

145.7

145.4

.2

-.2

.4

.1

-.2

.497

157.2

158.0

3.1

.5

.2

.4

.5

3.739
.227
3.512

247.3
231.5
248.8

247.7
232.4
249.2

4.6
6.1
4.5

.2
.4
.2

.5
1.5
.4

-.1
.2
-.1

.4
.7
.4

100.000
47.052
19.262
27.790
16.074
5.017

155.1
140.4
154.5
131.7
132.8
127.2

155.5
141.0
155.2
132.3
133.8
129.2

3.0
2.8
4.0
2.0
2.9
-1.0

.3
.4
.5
.5
.8
1.6

.1
-.1
.4
-.5
-.8
-1.6

.3
.4
.5
.3
.1
.4

.3
.4
.5
.3
.5
.5

11.057
11.716
52.948
25.430

138.4
129.2
172.8
160.9

139.0
129.2
173.0
161.3

4.7
.8
3.2
3.0

.4
.0
.1
.2

-.5
.0
.2
.2

-.1
.5
.2
.1

.8
-.2
.2
.2

8.531

133.0

131.5

3.2

-1.1

.4

.1

.3

7.279
5.208
6.501

179.2
233.3
200.5

180.8
233.9
200.7

3.1
3.2
3.8

.9
.3
.1

.4
.2
.3

.7
.2
.0

.2
.1
.2

82.419
74.024
82.305

155.2
151.9
145.7

155.5
152.4
146.1

2.8
3.0
3.0

.2
.3
.3

.0
.1
.1

.3
.3
.3

.2
.3
.3

93.738
29.471
17.756
12.739
35.336
27.518

151.6
132.8
134.3
139.5
143.9
164.5

152.0
133.4
135.3
140.0
144.8
164.4

3.0
2.1
3.0
4.6
3.5
3.3

.3
.5
.7
.4
.6
-.1

.1
-.5
-.6
-.3
-.1
.2

.3
.4
.1
.1
.2
.4

.3
.3
.6
.7
.6
.1

47.740
7.470
92.530

167.6
111.3
161.2

167.8
110.1
161.9

3.2
6.1
2.8

.1
-1.1
.4

.2
-.5
.1

.2
.0
.4

.3
.8
.2

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
+
_
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
+
_
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
+
_
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
+
_
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................

All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
+
_
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................
+
_

74.949

163.1

163.7

2.5

.4

.1

.3

.2

25.560
3.911
49.388

141.0
105.5
178.0

141.6
106.0
178.6

1.1
8.7
3.2

.4
.5
.3

-.2
-1.5
.2

.4
.2
.2

.1
1.4
.2

-

$.645

$.643

-2.9

-.3

-.2

-.3

-.3

-

.216

.216

-

-

-

-

-

+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Seasonally adjusted indexes
July
1996

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Oct.
1996

Jan.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedApr.
July
Oct.
Apr.
Oct.
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................

153.6
153.3
154.0
174.0
144.2
141.9
186.3
142.7

154.2
153.8
154.7
174.1
145.5
144.3
186.0
142.7

155.0
154.6
155.7
174.3
147.0
147.0
185.7
143.4

155.8
155.5
156.6
174.7
147.7
149.4
188.1
143.3

2.7

4.3

2.4

2.6

3.5

2.5

1.3
1.1
.5
6.5
3.5
6.1
-12.3
1.1

4.1
4.1
4.9
2.1
-1.7
5.1
22.5
3.2

4.8
5.4
6.5
3.5
8.8
15.4
6.0
1.7

5.9
5.9
6.9
1.6
10.1
22.9
3.9
1.7

2.7
2.6
2.7
4.3
.9
5.6
3.7
2.1

5.3
5.6
6.7
2.6
9.4
19.1
5.0
1.7

+

+
+
+
+
+
+

+

+

Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

144.4
139.6
127.8
156.6
152.7
157.8

144.2
140.7
128.5
155.9
153.1
158.2

145.5
141.5
127.8
157.5
153.4
159.1

145.3
141.4
127.0
158.2
154.2
159.7

7.1
3.2
-3.3
2.7
1.9
2.6

2.6
.0
.6
5.6
2.7
3.9

6.6
1.2
-4.3
4.5
2.9
2.6

2.5
5.3
-2.5
4.1
4.0
4.9

4.8
1.6
-1.4
4.1
2.3
3.3

4.6
3.2
-3.4
4.3
3.5
3.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
_
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
_
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
_
Household insurance 1/ ...............
_
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
_
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
_
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
_
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
_
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

149.7
166.5
157.6

150.0
166.7
157.7

150.2
167.0
157.9

150.5
167.3
158.2

3.0
3.5
2.9

3.0
2.7
3.4

2.7
3.4
4.4

2.2
1.9
1.5

3.0
3.1
3.2

2.4
2.7
3.0

162.0
217.3
161.2

162.2
217.0
161.4

162.6
216.6
161.7

162.8
217.4
162.1

3.1
2.1
3.6

2.3
7.7
2.5

3.5
8.1
3.0

2.0
.2
2.3

2.7
4.9
3.1

2.8
4.1
2.6

161.4

161.7

162.0

162.3

3.6

2.5

2.8

2.2

3.1

2.5

147.4

147.4

147.9

148.7

2.5

3.1

3.0

3.6

2.8

3.3

137.9

138.0

138.0

138.5

-.6

3.9

3.3

1.8

1.6

2.5

148.2

149.0

149.4

149.5

.6

3.6

6.5

3.6

2.1

5.0

124.8

124.1

123.6

124.8

-2.2

4.6

-.6

.0

1.1

-.3

127.0
113.5

127.6
114.1

127.8
114.3

128.5
115.1

2.6
3.3

6.9
9.3

1.6
-.7

4.8
5.8

4.7
6.3

3.2
2.5

93.6

94.1

97.4

103.7

39.4

24.7

-25.4

50.7

31.8

6.0

121.1
158.0

121.8
158.5

121.6
158.8

121.8
159.2

.3
2.4

8.4
3.4

1.7
5.0

2.3
3.1

4.3
2.9

2.0
4.0

123.1
109.7
141.6
151.4

123.3
109.9
141.9
151.5

123.6
110.1
142.0
152.1

123.3
109.6
141.8
152.6

1.3
.0
4.7
1.6

.7
-.4
2.6
1.9

.0
-1.8
-.3
5.2

.7
-.4
.6
3.2

1.0
-.2
3.6
1.8

.3
-1.1
.1
4.2

131.0
127.8
127.0
124.1
126.8

129.0
125.7
127.1
120.5
126.7

129.6
126.2
126.1
121.3
132.4

130.1
126.8
126.8
121.9
128.9

2.8
2.8
4.2
6.5
-1.5

-.9
-.9
2.9
-7.9
7.8

-1.8
-2.5
-3.1
-2.5
-21.7

-2.7
-3.1
-.6
-6.9
6.8

.9
.9
3.5
-1.0
3.0

-2.3
-2.8
-1.9
-4.7
-8.6

128.4

127.9

127.3

127.9

-5.5

7.2

2.9

-1.5

.6

.6

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
_
Footwear ...............................

+

+
+
+

Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................
_

151.5
159.3

145.9
159.6

149.2
159.7

151.3
159.7

.5
3.4

1.1
1.5

2.1
2.8

-.5
1.0

.8
2.4

.8
1.9

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

142.7
140.7
145.0
141.3
156.8
106.1
105.9
159.1
170.0

142.5
140.5
145.3
141.7
156.7
104.3
103.9
159.7
170.8

143.1
140.9
145.9
142.4
157.4
104.2
103.6
160.7
171.5

143.4
141.2
145.8
142.1
157.0
105.2
104.5
161.2
171.4

3.8
4.8
1.4
1.4
7.6
16.5
17.0
3.6
-.7

9.5
9.0
2.0
1.7
1.3
39.1
38.6
1.5
2.2

-1.7
-2.0
3.1
2.9
-8.5
-13.1
-13.2
2.8
3.6

2.0
1.4
2.2
2.3
.5
-3.4
-5.2
5.4
3.3

6.6
6.8
1.7
1.6
4.4
27.3
27.4
2.6
.7

.1
-.3
2.7
2.6
-4.1
-8.4
-9.3
4.1
3.5

104.0

104.2

104.4

104.3

-.8

.0

-.8

1.2

-.4

.2

186.6
180.0

187.6
180.0

188.4
182.9

188.4
184.8

-.7
-12.4

2.6
16.8

4.2
8.7

3.9
11.1

1.0
1.1

4.0
9.9

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

228.3
208.5
232.6
209.7

228.6
208.3
233.1
210.1

229.1
208.9
233.6
211.0

229.6
210.0
233.9
211.6

4.2
4.4
4.1
4.0

2.9
2.4
2.8
3.3

3.6
3.3
3.7
3.5

2.3
2.9
2.3
3.7

3.5
3.4
3.5
3.7

2.9
3.1
3.0
3.6

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

156.9
141.8
178.7

157.3
142.2
179.0

157.4
142.4
179.1

157.5
142.5
179.1

4.5
4.7
4.5

2.9
3.2
2.5

2.9
1.1
4.8

1.5
2.0
.9

3.7
3.9
3.5

2.2
1.6
2.9

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
_
Personal care services 2/ ..............
_
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

213.1
233.0
150.0

213.6
232.5
150.4

214.0
234.2
150.8

215.0
235.8
150.9

2.9
-1.0
1.1

4.3
4.3
1.3

3.8
3.9
1.1

3.6
4.9
2.4

3.6
1.6
1.2

3.7
4.4
1.7

145.0

145.6

145.7

145.4

-1.9

.8

.8

1.1

-.6

1.0

156.2

156.5

157.2

158.0

4.5

2.1

1.3

4.7

3.3

3.0

243.9
226.8
245.4

245.0
230.2
246.4

244.8
230.6
246.1

245.7
232.2
247.0

5.6
9.1
5.4

5.3
4.9
5.5

4.7
.9
4.9

3.0
9.9
2.6

5.4
7.0
5.4

3.9
5.3
3.7

140.0

139.8

140.4

140.9

2.7
3.3

4.3
5.0

2.4
.6

2.6
2.6

3.5
4.1

2.5
1.6

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................

+
+

Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
_
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
_
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

153.6
131.6
132.8
127.8

154.2
131.0
131.7
125.7

155.0
131.4
131.8
126.2

155.8
131.8
132.4
126.8

1.3
4.4
7.3
2.8

4.1
6.0
9.5
-.9

4.8
-2.4
-3.8
-2.5

5.9
.6
-1.2
-3.1

2.7
5.2
8.4
.9

5.3
-.9
-2.5
-2.8

138.1
129.1
171.8
160.4

137.4
129.1
172.2
160.7

137.3
129.7
172.5
160.9

138.4
129.4
172.9
161.3

8.4
2.2
2.7
3.6

16.3
.9
3.6
2.8

-5.6
-.6
3.8
3.6

.9
.9
2.6
2.3

12.3
1.6
3.1
3.2

-2.4
.2
3.2
2.9

130.8

131.3

131.4

131.8

1.3

5.1

3.8

3.1

3.2

3.4

178.6
232.6
199.2

179.3
233.1
199.8

180.5
233.6
199.8

180.9
233.9
200.2

-1.8
4.1
4.9

4.4
2.8
4.0

4.8
3.7
4.5

5.3
2.3
2.0

1.3
3.5
4.4

5.0
3.0
3.3

154.3
151.2
145.0

154.3
151.3
145.1

154.7
151.8
145.5

155.0
152.3
146.0

3.2
2.5
2.6

4.3
4.9
4.9

1.6
1.9
2.0

1.8
2.9
2.8

3.7
3.7
3.7

1.7
2.4
2.4

150.8
132.8
134.1
138.9
143.3
163.1

150.9
132.2
133.3
138.5
143.2
163.5

151.3
132.7
133.4
138.6
143.5
164.2

151.8
133.1
134.2
139.6
144.4
164.4

2.7
4.4
6.9
7.7
4.4
1.8

4.4
5.9
8.7
13.2
6.7
3.8

2.2
-2.4
-3.5
-4.2
.3
4.5

2.7
.9
.3
2.0
3.1
3.2

3.6
5.1
7.8
10.4
5.5
2.8

2.4
-.7
-1.6
-1.1
1.7
3.9

166.6
109.3
160.7
162.8

167.0
108.7
160.9
162.9

167.3
108.7
161.5
163.4

167.8
109.6
161.9
163.7

2.2
9.6
2.3
2.8

3.5
23.4
3.1
2.5

4.2
-7.3
2.8
2.5

2.9
1.1
3.0
2.2

2.8
16.3
2.7
2.6

3.5
-3.2
2.9
2.4

140.9
105.2
177.5

140.6
103.6
177.9

141.1
103.8
178.3

141.3
105.3
178.7

2.3
18.0
2.6

1.4
37.7
3.2

-.3
-14.2
3.9

1.1
.4
2.7

1.9
27.5
2.9

.4
-7.2
3.3

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
+
_
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
+
_
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.

NOTE:

Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Percent change to
Oct. 1996 fromOct.
Aug.
Sept.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Sept. 1996 fromSept.
July
Aug.
1995
1996
1996

Pricing
schedule
1/
_

U.S. city average ......................

M

154.3

154.5

155.1

155.5

3.0

0.6

0.3

3.0

0.5

0.4

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

160.9
160.5
159.7
162.9

161.4
161.0
160.0
163.2

162.0
161.8
159.8
163.7

162.4
162.1
160.1
165.3

2.9
2.9
2.4
3.3

.6
.7
.1
1.3

.2
.2
.2
1.0

2.8
2.9
2.5
2.2

.7
.8
.1
.5

.4
.5
-.1
.3

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

149.8
149.7
148.3
151.9

149.9
149.9
148.7
151.9

150.6
150.4
149.5
152.6

151.0
150.7
150.2
153.7

3.2
3.0
3.9
3.3

.7
.5
1.0
1.2

.3
.2
.5
.7

3.1
2.8
3.7
3.2

.5
.5
.8
.5

.5
.3
.5
.5

M

148.5

148.5

149.1

149.2

3.5

.5

.1

3.2

.4

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

152.6
151.6
152.9
153.6

152.7
151.4
153.1
153.9

153.1
151.7
153.6
154.4

153.5
151.9
153.9
154.8

3.0
2.6
3.3
2.9

.5
.3
.5
.6

.3
.1
.2
.3

3.2
3.0
3.3
3.3

.3
.1
.5
.5

.3
.2
.3
.3

M

152.8

153.1

153.9

154.8

3.7

1.1

.6

3.4

.7

.5

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

154.9
153.4
159.3

154.9
153.4
159.5

155.5
154.0
159.9

155.9
154.4
160.2

2.8
2.7
3.5

.6
.7
.4

.3
.3
.2

3.0
2.7
3.5

.4
.4
.4

.4
.4
.3

+

+

Indexes

Area

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Oct.
1996

Region and area size 2/
_

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
+
_
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M

140.8

140.9

141.4

141.7

2.8

.6

.2

2.8

.4

.4

M
M
M

154.4
155.8
153.0

154.6
156.0
153.3

155.0
156.6
154.0

155.4
157.4
154.7

3.1
3.2
3.7

.5
.9
.9

.3
.5
.5

3.1
3.1
3.4

.4
.5
.7

.3
.4
.5

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

152.7
152.3
162.8
162.1
153.4

152.9
151.9
163.3
163.0
153.0

153.2
152.7
164.4
163.7
153.8

153.7
153.2
164.4
164.2
154.0

3.0
2.2
2.9
2.8
2.5

.5
.9
.7
.7
.7

.3
.3
.0
.3
.1

2.8
2.3
3.1
2.4
2.5

.3
.3
1.0
1.0
.3

.2
.5
.7
.4
.5

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

154.6
160.9
144.3
150.8
149.0
157.6

2.4
3.0
3.2
3.9
2.5
3.1

-.1
.7
1.0
1.2
.7
.4

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

-

149.5
148.0
142.2
147.2

154.4
162.1
145.8
152.6
150.1
158.2
-

150.7
148.8
142.5
148.0

-

2.9
2.6
1.1
2.6

.8
.5
.2
.5

-

-

-

+
+

+
+

1/
_

2/
_
3/
_
NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-