View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI Quickline:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902

USDL-94-556
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)
Wednesday, November 16, 1994

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX--OCTOBER 1994
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose
0.1 percent before seasonal adjustment in October to a level of
149.5 (1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.
Department of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended
in October, the CPI-U increased 2.6 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) increased 0.1 percent in October, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The October 1994 CPI-W level of 147.0 was 2.6 percent
higher than the index in October 1993.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
___________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent in
October. This compares with an increase of 0.2 percent in
September and was the smallest monthly advance since a similar rise
in April. The food index was unchanged in October after advancing
0.3 percent or more in each of the 5 preceding months. The energy
index declined 0.7 percent in October, the same as in September.
The CPI-U excluding food and energy increased 0.2 percent in
October, the same as in September.
Table A. Percent Changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
____________________________________________________________________

|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct.|Oct. 94|Oct94
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .1
.2
.3
.3
.3
.2
.1 | 2.4 | 2.6
Food and beverages| .1
.3
.3
.5
.3
.3
.1 | 2.8 | 2.3
Housing
| .0
.2
.1
.2
.3
.1
.1 | 2.5 | 2.5
Apparel and upkeep| -.3
.4
.6 -.4 -1.0 -.1 -.5 | -5.8 | -.7
Transportation
| .3 -.4
.6 1.0 1.0
.1 -.2 | 3.9 | 3.3
Medical care
| .6
.4
.4
.4
.4
.4
.6 | 5.6 | 4.7
Entertainment
| -.1
.3 -.1
.3
.0
.1
.1 |
.8 | 2.5
Other goods & serv| .7
.6
.4
.4
.2
.1
.4 | 2.8 | 4.4
Special indexes: |
Energy
| -.4 -1.0
.1 1.8 1.4 -.7 -.7 |
.4 |
.4
Food
| .1
.3
.3
.5
.4
.3
.0 | 3.1 | 2.4
AI - food & energy| .2
.3
.3
.2
.3
.2
.2 | 2.6 | 2.9
____________________________________________________________________
During the first 10 months of 1994, the CPI-U rose at a 2.6
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with
an increase of 2.7 percent in all of 1993. Thus far in 1994, the
food index has increased at an annual rate of 2.0 percent and
energy costs at a 2.2 percent rate. The year-to-date annual rate
for the index for all items less food and energy in 1994 was 2.8
percent. This follows a 3.2 percent increase in all of 1993 and
continues the moderating pattern evident in this component since
1990.
The food and beverages index rose 0.1 percent in October.
Grocery store food prices, which rose at a 7.2 percent seasonally
adjusted annual rate in the third quarter, declined 0.1 percent.
Of the five major grocery store food groups, only the index for
fruits and vegetables registered an increase in October, advancing
0.4 percent. Increases in the indexes for fresh vegetables and
processed fruits and vegetables--up 2.1 and 0.5 percent,
respectively--more than offset a 1.3 percent decline in the index
for fresh fruits. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
declined 0.3 percent to a level only 0.1 percent higher than a year
ago.
Meat prices rose 0.1 percent, but were more than offset by
declines in prices for poultry, eggs, and fish and seafood.
A 0.2

percent decline in the pork index was more than offset by increases
in prices for beef and other meats--up 0.1 and 0.5 percent,
respectively. Poultry prices fell 1.3 percent after increasing 1.1
percent in September. The index for cereal and bakery products
declined 0.1 percent, while the index for dairy products was
unchanged. The index for other food at home, which had increased
5.3 percent in the third quarter, largely due to the run-up in
coffee prices, fell 0.3 percent in October. Coffee prices, which
had risen 22.4 and 22.0 percent in July and August, respectively,
before stabilizing in September, advanced 0.9 percent in October.
This increase, however, was more than offset by decreases in prices
for carbonated drinks and prepared foods. The other two components
of the food and beverages index--restaurant meals and alcoholic
beverages--rose 0.1 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.
The housing component rose 0.1 percent in October, the same as
in September. Shelter costs increased 0.2 percent, following a 0.3
percent rise in September. Within shelter, renters' costs and
homeowners' costs rose 0.5 and 0.2 percent, respectively, while
maintenance and repair costs fell 0.6 percent. The increase in
renters' costs reflects a 1.5 percent rise in other renters' costs;
residential rents advanced 0.1 percent. The index for fuel and
other utilities--down 0.2 percent--declined for the second
consecutive month, but by less than in September. The index for
household fuels fell 0.4 percent, reflecting declines in the
indexes for fuel oil and natural gas--down 2.3 and 1.2 percent,
respectively. The index for electricity rose 0.3 percent. (Prior
to seasonal adjustment, charges for electricity fell 4.1 percent,
reflecting the shift to off-season rates.) The index for other
utilities and public services rose 0.1 percent in October, as
increases in the indexes for water and sewerage maintenance and
for refuse collection were partially offset by small declines in
the indexes for telephone services and for cable television. The
index for household furnishings and operation was unchanged in
October, following a decrease of 0.1 percent in September.
The transportation index, which increased slightly in
September, decreased 0.2 percent in October, reflecting larger
declines than in September in the indexes for both motor fuels and
for public transportation costs. The index for gasoline declined
1.1 percent in October, following a 0.6 percent drop in September,
and is now 14.8 percent lower than its peak level recorded in
December 1990. The index for public transportation, which declined
0.7 percent in September, fell 2.1 percent in October, reflecting
a 2.6 percent decrease in airline fares. Automobile purchase costs

decelerated in October. The index for new vehicles, which rose 0.5
percent in September, was unchanged in October. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, prices for new vehicles rose 0.7 percent. As of
October, the proportion of 1995 models in the index was about onethird of the new car sample. They will continue to be phased in
over the next several months as new models replace the old at
dealerships. For a report on quality changes for the 1995 cars,
see news release USDL-94-553, dated November 10, 1994.) Automobile
finance charges continued to increase, but by less than in
September, advancing 1.0 percent in October and 16.8 percent thus
far in 1994. The index for used cars rose 1.4 percent.
The index for apparel and upkeep declined for the fourth
consecutive month, down 0.5 percent in October. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, clothing prices rose 0.8 percent.) Price increases
associated with the introduction of fall-winter wear in 1994 have
been smaller than in recent years.
Medical care costs rose 0.6 percent in October, following
increases of 0.4 percent in each of the 5 preceding months, and are
4.7 percent higher than a year earlier. The index for medical care
commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical
supplies--rose 0.4 percent in October. The index for medical care
services rose 0.6 percent. Charges for professional services and
hospital and related services increased 0.6 and 0.3 percent,
respectively.
The entertainment index increased 0.1 percent in October, the
same as in September. A 1.7 percent increase in the October index
for fees for participant sports, reflecting a return to regular
prices after substantial discounting in the 2 preceding months,
offset price declines in the indexes for reading materials and for
admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting events.
The
October
indexes
-up 0.8
fourths

index for other goods and services rose 0.4 percent in
after advancing 0.1 percent in September. Increases in the
for tobacco and smoking products and for personal expensesand 0.7 percent, respectively--accounted for over threeof the October rise in the other goods and services index.

CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
_______________________________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners
and Clerical Workers rose 0.1 percent in October.

Table B.

Percent Changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct.|Oct. 94|Oct94
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .1
.1
.3
.4
.4
.1
.1 | 2.5 | 2.6
Food and beverages| .1
.3
.2
.5
.4
.3
.0 | 2.8 | 2.2
Housing
| .0
.1
.1
.1
.4
.1
.1 | 2.6 | 2.3
Apparel and upkeep| -.4
.5
.5 -.2 -.9 -.2 -.6 | -6.4 | -.9
Transportation
| .3 -.2
.6 1.1 1.0
.2 -.1 | 4.6 | 3.5
Medical care
| .6
.3
.4
.4
.4
.3
.6 | 5.2 | 4.7
Entertainment
| -.1
.4
.1
.2
.0
.0
.1 |
.3 | 2.4
Other goods & serv| .7
.5
.4
.4
.4
.1
.4 | 3.3 | 4.3
Special indexes: |
Energy
| -.5 -1.1
.4 1.9 1.6 -.8 -.9 |
.0 |
.4
Food
| .1
.3
.2
.5
.5
.3
.0 | 3.1 | 2.3
AI - food & energy| .2
.3
.3
.2
.3
.2
.2 | 2.9 | 2.9
____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________
Consumer Price Index data for November will be released on
Wednesday, December 14, 1994, 8:30 A.M. (EST).

CPI ANNOUNCEMENT
Effective with the release of data for January 1995, on
February 15, the Bureau of Labor Statistics will introduce several
technical improvements in the calculation of the Consumer Price
Index designed to make the index a more accurate measure of price
change. These improvements, which stem from findings of research
conducted by BLS staff, will affect the food at home, shelter, and
prescription drug components of the CPI.

The change to the food at home component improves the outlet
sample rotation process. (Approximately 20 percent of CPI outlet
samples are updated annually.) Empirical evidence has established
that current procedures for the routine introduction of new samples
tend to overstate price change for the newly sampled items
immediately following their introduction. Since the food at home
component of the index is particularly sensitive to this effect,
new measures designed to lessen its impact will be used in the
calculation of the food at home component beginning with January
1995 data.
In addition, two changes are being made in the way in which the
shelter component of the CPI is calculated. First, the imputation
formula for estimating owners' equivalent rent, which relies upon a
matching of a sample of residential rental units to a sample of
homeowner units, will be improved. Second, additional BLS research
has indicated that current procedures, both for residential rent
and for owners' implicit rent, tend to understate the short-term
rent change. Beginning with data for January 1995, BLS will
incorporate an improved estimate. Research on this issue will
continue during the course of the upcoming CPI revision, and, if
this research yields further improvements in the estimates of rent
changes, they will be incorporated into the index as part of the
revision effort.
Finally, the procedure for handling the introduction into the
index of generic versions of formerly patented drugs into the index
will be changed. The current practice of directly comparing the
prices of patented and generic drugs only when the patented drug is
no longer available in the sampled outlet will be changed. A new
procedure, which will reflect the rate at which consumers switch
their purchases from patented to generic versions of a drug, will
be employed beginning with CPI data for January 1995.
The basic research papers on these topics are available from
the BLS by calling 202-606-7000. These changes will be explained
more fully in the CPI Detailed Report for October 1994.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Sept.
Oct.
1993
1994
1994

Unadjusted
percent change to
Oct. 1994 fromOct. 1993 Sept. 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJuly to
Aug. to
Sept. to
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

149.4
447.5

149.5
448.0

2.6
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

0.2
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.398
15.799
9.853
1.454
2.984
1.186
1.909
2.320
.331
.246
.712
1.030
5.946
1.600

145.6
145.0
145.0
164.8
137.3
131.3
163.2
139.4
135.4
134.2
132.1
148.8
146.2
151.4

145.6
145.0
144.8
164.6
136.8
131.5
162.9
139.5
135.6
135.0
132.7
148.5
146.4
151.6

2.3
2.4
2.8
4.1
.1
1.5
2.6
6.2
1.1
3.8
15.0
2.3
1.7
1.0

.0
.0
-.1
-.1
-.4
.2
-.2
.1
.1
.6
.5
-.2
.1
.1

.3
.4
.6
.4
.1
-.8
.3
2.2
-.3
-.7
7.1
.1
.1
-.2

.3
.3
.3
.4
.1
-.5
.6
.7
.5
.3
.9
.7
.3
.1

.1
.0
-.1
-.1
-.3
.0
.4
-.3
.0
.5
-.4
-.4
.1
.2

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public

41.394
27.948
7.984
5.771
2.213
19.768
19.386
.382

145.8
161.6
169.4
155.0
193.5
167.1
167.3
154.3

145.7
162.0
169.8
155.2
194.0
167.5
167.8
154.5

2.5
3.3
2.7
2.5
2.8
3.7
3.6
3.8

-.1
.2
.2
.1
.3
.2
.3
.1

.3
.4
.5
.4
.8
.4
.4
.5

.1
.3
-.1
.3
-1.0
.5
.5
.2

.1
.2
.5
.1
1.5
.2
.2
.1

.196
.118

131.6
135.8

130.8
135.9

.0
-.4

-.6
.1

-.1
.0

.3
.3

-.6
.1

.078
7.262
3.983

126.0
124.2
113.8

123.8
122.4
110.8

.6
.0
-1.2

-1.7
-1.4
-2.6

-.2
.2
.2

.3
-.4
-.5

-1.7
-.2
-.4

.369

86.8

87.0

-2.4

.2

.1

-.4

-1.9

3.614

122.1

118.5

-1.0

-2.9

.2

-.6

-.2

services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

3.279
6.183
3.601
1.109
1.473

150.3
121.4
111.2
132.6
139.3

150.4
121.4
110.9
133.7
139.4

1.3
1.2
.8
1.4
1.8

.1
.0
-.3
.8
.1

.1
.2
.0
.2
.2

-.2
-.1
-.3
.3
.1

.1
.0
-.4
1.0
.2

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.897
5.333
1.389
2.421
.203
.781
.539
.564

134.2
131.2
128.4
131.1
129.5
125.1
152.3
156.3

135.2
132.3
128.9
133.4
128.6
125.5
151.4
156.4

-.7
-.9
-.4
-1.9
1.8
-1.4
1.6
2.3

.7
.8
.4
1.8
-.7
.3
-.6
.1

-1.0
-1.1
.2
-2.8
-.3
-.2
1.1
.1

-.1
-.1
.7
.1
.2
-1.3
-.6
.3

-.5
-.5
-.9
.0
-.7
-.4
-1.9
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

16.954
15.295
5.025
4.031
1.245
3.010
1.533
4.483

135.9
133.1
137.5
135.7
145.4
103.7
103.6
151.2
162.1

136.1
133.6
138.4
136.6
147.7
101.8
101.7
151.7
164.1

3.3
3.6
3.7
3.6
5.7
2.1
2.5
3.1
4.0

.1
.4
.7
.7
1.6
-1.8
-1.8
.3
1.2

1.0
.9
.3
.2
.8
3.1
3.7
.5
.3

.1
.2
.5
.5
1.0
-.9
-.6
.1
.4

-.2
.0
.0
.1
1.4
-1.1
-1.1
.3
.4

.629

103.2

103.1

.3

-.1

-.3

-.2

.2

3.854
1.659

175.8
171.7

178.4
168.4

4.6
.1

1.5
-1.9

.3
1.8

.6
-.7

.5
-2.1

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.108
1.287
5.821
3.353

212.8
201.7
215.4
194.0

214.0
202.2
216.8
195.1

4.7
2.8
5.1
4.4

.6
.2
.6
.6

.4
.3
.4
.4

.4
.0
.4
.4

.6
.4
.6
.6

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.351
1.986
2.365

150.7
137.0
167.1

151.0
136.9
167.7

2.5
1.9
2.9

.2
-.1
.4

.0
.1
-.1

.1
.5
-.2

.1
-.4
.4

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............

6.897
1.601
1.184

201.4
220.8
145.1

201.9
221.3
145.3

4.4
3.4
2.0

.2
.2
.1

.2
.1
.0

.1
.3
.1

.4
.8
.1

.628
.556

141.8
148.7

142.0
148.7

1.6
2.3

.1
.0

.0
.0

-.1
.3

.1
.0

Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

4.112
.249
3.863

228.0
208.4
229.7

228.8
207.7
230.6

5.5
3.9
5.6

.4
-.3
.4

.3
.3
.3

.0
.0
.1

.3
-.2
.4

100.000
43.547
17.398
26.149
15.579
5.333

149.4
134.8
145.6
128.1
130.3
131.2

149.5
134.9
145.6
128.3
130.2
132.3

2.6
2.0
2.3
1.7
1.1
-.9

.1
.1
.0
.2
-.1
.8

.3
.3
.3
.2
.5
-1.1

.2
.1
.3
.1
-.5
-.1

.1
-.1
.1
-.2
-.4
-.5

10.245
10.570
56.453
27.337

132.8
125.1
164.4
168.2

132.2
125.7
164.6
168.6

2.2
2.8
3.2
3.4

-.5
.5
.1
.2

1.1
.2
.4
.5

.0
.2
.2
.0

-.5
.0
.2
.2

8.900
7.046
5.821
7.349

137.9
168.8
215.4
187.8

136.3
169.5
216.8
188.5

.5
3.2
5.1
4.3

-1.2
.4
.6
.4

.2
.7
.4
.1

-.3
.2
.4
.1

.1
-.2
.6
.3

84.201
72.052
80.232
92.892
27.749
17.178
11.845
32.977
29.116
50.632
6.993
93.007
77.208

150.2
146.0
150.6
145.8
129.0
131.4
133.7
138.1
172.2
159.6
108.2
155.0
157.5

150.4
146.1
150.7
145.9
129.3
131.4
133.2
138.1
172.2
159.7
105.8
155.5
158.0

2.7
2.5
2.4
2.5
1.7
1.2
2.1
1.7
3.1
3.0
.4
2.8
2.9

.1
.1
.1
.1
.2
.0
-.4
.0
.0
.1
-2.2
.3
.3

.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
.5
1.0
.6
.4
.4
1.4
.3
.3

.1
.1
.1
.2
.1
-.4
.0
.5
.1
.1
-.7
.2
.2

.1
.0
.1
.0
-.2
-.3
-.4
.0
.2
.3
-.7
.2
.2

24.369
3.380
52.839

137.7
102.0
168.8

138.3
100.4
169.3

1.7
1.7
3.5

.4
-1.6
.3

-.1
2.7
.4

.1
-.8
.2

.0
-1.2
.2

-

$.669

$.669

-2.5

.0

-.4

-.3

.0

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ..................
_ _
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables 2/ .............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................

1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

-

.223

.223

-

-

-

-

-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
July
1994

Aug.
1994

Sept.
1994

Oct.
1994

Jan.
1994

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedApr.
July
Oct.
Apr.
Oct.
1994
1994
1994
1994
1994

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

1.9

3.0

3.3

2.4

2.5

2.9

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

145.1
144.6
144.5
163.6
136.8
132.7
166.3
135.8
135.1
134.9
123.1
147.9
145.5
151.4

145.6
145.2
145.3
164.2
136.9
131.7
166.8
138.8
134.7
133.9
131.9
148.1
145.7
151.1

146.0
145.7
145.8
164.8
137.0
131.0
167.8
139.8
135.4
134.3
133.1
149.1
146.2
151.3

146.1
145.7
145.6
164.7
136.6
131.0
168.4
139.4
135.4
135.0
132.6
148.5
146.4
151.6

2.5
2.3
2.6
4.6
2.1
5.1
1.5
1.5
3.0
1.9
1.4
1.4
1.7
3.5

-.3
-.3
-1.1
5.9
1.5
6.6
-18.7
2.8
3.0
6.9
-1.4
4.5
1.4
-.8

4.2
4.6
6.9
3.0
-2.6
.3
28.8
9.7
-2.3
6.5
29.9
1.9
1.1
.8

2.8
3.1
3.1
2.7
-.6
-5.0
5.1
11.0
.9
.3
34.6
1.6
2.5
.5

1.1
1.0
.7
5.2
1.8
5.8
-9.2
2.1
3.0
4.4
.0
2.9
1.5
1.3

3.5
3.8
5.0
2.9
-1.6
-2.4
16.4
10.4
-.7
3.3
32.3
1.8
1.8
.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................

144.7
160.2
168.4
153.9

145.2
160.9
169.2
154.5

145.4
161.4
169.1
155.0

145.6
161.8
169.9
155.1

2.0
3.1
1.7
2.4

3.1
3.9
3.4
2.9

2.0
2.3
1.7
1.6

2.5
4.1
3.6
3.2

2.5
3.5
2.6
2.7

2.2
3.2
2.6
2.4

Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

195.9
165.4
165.7
153.2

197.4
166.1
166.4
154.0

195.5
166.9
167.2
154.3

198.4
167.2
167.5
154.5

.2
3.8
3.8
.8

4.4
4.0
4.0
2.4

1.9
2.5
2.5
8.5

5.2
4.4
4.4
3.4

2.3
3.9
3.9
1.6

3.5
3.4
3.4
5.9

131.3
135.4
125.9
122.9
111.0

131.2
135.4
125.6
123.1
111.2

131.6
135.8
126.0
122.6
110.6

130.8
135.9
123.8
122.4
110.2

-5.7
-14.1
9.4
-2.3
-5.3

4.1
6.2
1.3
3.7
4.4

3.4
6.5
-1.3
.0
-.7

-1.5
1.5
-6.5
-1.6
-2.9

-.9
-4.5
5.3
.7
-.5

.9
3.9
-3.9
-.8
-1.8

89.2

89.3

88.9

87.2

-12.8

16.7

-2.2

-8.7

.9

-5.5

118.7
150.4
121.3
111.6
132.1
138.6

118.9
150.6
121.5
111.6
132.4
138.9

118.2
150.3
121.4
111.3
132.8
139.1

118.0
150.4
121.4
110.9
134.1
139.4

-4.3
1.4
2.4
4.1
-1.8
2.1

3.1
3.0
-1.0
-1.8
.0
-.3

-.3
1.1
3.0
3.7
1.8
2.9

-2.3
.0
.3
-2.5
6.2
2.3

-.7
2.2
.7
1.1
-.9
.9

-1.3
.5
1.7
.5
4.0
2.6

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

134.4
131.4
127.0
132.3
129.6
126.4
150.9
155.7

133.1
129.9
127.3
128.6
129.2
126.1
152.6
155.9

133.0
129.8
128.2
128.7
129.4
124.5
151.7
156.3

132.4
129.1
127.0
128.7
128.5
124.0
148.8
156.4

1.8
1.9
-2.5
5.0
5.2
7.2
-9.5
2.4

-.6
-1.2
-4.0
-.6
-6.4
-4.6
12.0
2.6

2.4
2.8
5.2
-.6
13.0
-.3
10.7
2.3

-5.8
-6.8
.0
-10.4
-3.4
-7.4
-5.5
1.8

.6
.3
-3.3
2.1
-.8
1.1
.7
2.5

-1.8
-2.1
2.6
-5.7
4.5
-3.9
2.3
2.1

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

134.8
132.0
138.3
136.6
141.5
99.2
98.5
150.0
162.0

136.2
133.2
138.7
136.9
142.6
102.3
102.1
150.8
162.5

136.4
133.5
139.4
137.6
144.0
101.4
101.5
151.0
163.2

136.1
133.5
139.4
137.7
146.0
100.3
100.4
151.5
163.9

-1.5
-1.5
1.2
1.2
-1.7
-13.5
-12.8
3.9
2.0

5.6
5.1
5.1
5.2
.6
8.7
7.8
2.2
5.1

4.9
6.3
5.4
4.8
11.5
10.3
9.0
2.2
4.1

3.9
4.6
3.2
3.3
13.3
4.5
7.9
4.1
4.8

2.0
1.7
3.1
3.2
-.6
-3.0
-3.0
3.0
3.6

4.4
5.5
4.3
4.0
12.4
7.4
8.5
3.1
4.4

103.7

103.4

103.2

103.4

-.8

2.4

.8

-1.2

.8

-.2

175.8
173.2

176.4
176.4

177.4
175.1

178.2
171.5

2.6
.9

5.5
9.4

4.9
-5.4

5.6
-3.9

4.0
5.1

5.2
-4.6

Medical care ...............................

211.6

212.4

213.2

214.5

3.8

4.7

4.9

5.6

4.2

5.2

Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

201.1
213.8
192.6

201.7
214.7
193.3

201.7
215.6
194.0

202.6
217.0
195.2

2.7
3.9
3.2

1.8
5.5
5.9

3.7
5.0
3.0

3.0
6.1
5.5

2.2
4.7
4.5

3.3
5.6
4.2

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

150.3
136.5
166.8

150.3
136.6
166.7

150.5
137.3
166.4

150.6
136.8
167.1

4.7
1.5
7.6

2.4
1.8
2.7

2.2
3.6
1.2

.8
.9
.7

3.6
1.6
5.1

1.5
2.2
1.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

200.2
221.0
145.0

200.6
221.3
145.0

200.8
221.9
145.1

201.6
223.7
145.3

3.6
-1.7
2.6

5.4
3.6
2.5

5.6
6.8
2.2

2.8
5.0
.8

4.5
.9
2.5

4.2
5.9
1.5

141.9
148.3
224.7
206.5
226.0

141.9
148.3
225.4
207.1
226.6

141.8
148.7
225.5
207.1
226.8

142.0
148.7
226.2
206.7
227.6

2.3
2.8
6.1
7.0
6.1

2.6
2.2
7.2
3.6
7.3

1.4
3.3
5.9
4.6
6.1

.3
1.1
2.7
.4
2.9

2.4
2.5
6.6
5.3
6.7

.9
2.2
4.3
2.5
4.4

134.2
145.1
127.6
129.1
131.4

134.6
145.6
127.9
129.8
129.9

134.8
146.0
128.0
129.2
129.8

134.7
146.1
127.8
128.7
129.1

1.9
.6
2.5
-.6
-1.6
1.9

3.0
1.2
-.3
2.3
3.5
-1.2

3.3
4.6
4.2
4.8
3.8
2.8

2.4
1.5
2.8
.6
-1.2
-6.8

2.5
.9
1.1
.8
.9
.3

2.9
3.0
3.5
2.7
1.3
-2.1

131.3
125.3
163.3
167.3

132.8
125.6
163.9
168.2

132.8
125.9
164.2
168.2

132.2
125.9
164.6
168.6

-6.0
1.3
2.8
3.5

3.8
2.0
4.3
3.9

9.0
5.6
2.5
2.9

2.8
1.9
3.2
3.1

-1.2
1.6
3.5
3.7

5.8
3.8
2.9
3.0

136.5
168.8
213.8
186.6

136.8
170.0
214.7
186.8

136.4
170.3
215.6
186.9

136.5
170.0
217.0
187.5

-1.5
2.5
3.9
6.1

2.4
5.7
5.5
4.9

1.2
1.9
5.0
4.2

.0
2.9
6.1
1.9

.4
4.0
4.7
5.5

.6
2.4
5.6
3.1

149.2
145.2
149.9
144.8
128.6

149.7
145.7
150.4
145.3
128.9

149.9
145.9
150.6
145.6
129.0

150.1
145.9
150.7
145.6
128.8

1.9
1.4
1.4
1.7
-.6

3.3
2.5
2.7
2.8
2.2

3.3
3.7
3.5
3.1
4.5

2.4
1.9
2.2
2.2
.6

2.6
2.0
2.0
2.3
.8

2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.5

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ....................
_ _
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................

Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables 2/ ...............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

130.3
132.4
136.6
170.9
158.4
104.7
154.5
157.0

131.0
133.7
137.4
171.5
159.1
106.2
155.0
157.4

130.5
133.7
138.1
171.7
159.3
105.5
155.3
157.7

130.1
133.2
138.1
172.0
159.7
104.8
155.6
158.0

-1.5
-5.1
-2.3
2.9
2.3
-8.9
2.7
2.9

3.2
3.8
4.2
4.4
4.4
6.4
2.7
3.1

3.4
7.6
.6
2.4
1.8
3.9
3.2
3.1

-.6
2.4
4.5
2.6
3.3
.4
2.9
2.6

.8
-.8
.9
3.6
3.4
-1.5
2.7
3.0

1.4
5.0
2.5
2.5
2.6
2.1
3.0
2.8

137.7
98.2
167.8

137.6
100.9
168.5

137.8
100.1
168.9

137.8
98.9
169.3

1.5
-13.2
3.5

1.2
9.7
4.2

3.9
8.6
2.7

.3
2.9
3.6

1.3
-2.4
3.8

2.1
5.7
3.1

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Sept.
Oct.
1993
1994
1994

Unadjusted
percent change to
Oct. 1994 fromOct. 1993 Sept. 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJuly to
Aug. to
Sept. to
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

146.9
437.5

147.0
437.8

2.6
-

0.1
-

0.4
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................

19.344
17.622
11.187
1.660
3.513
1.321
2.019
2.674

145.1
144.6
144.4
164.6
137.2
131.0
162.6
138.8

145.1
144.6
144.1
164.3
136.6
131.2
162.0
139.0

2.2
2.3
2.6
4.2
.1
1.5
2.2
5.9

.0
.0
-.2
-.2
-.4
.2
-.4
.1

.4
.5
.6
.2
.1
-.8
.5
2.0

.3
.3
.3
.4
.2
-.5
.5
.7

.0
.0
-.1
-.1
-.3
-.2
.4
-.2

Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

.374
.283
.833
1.184
6.435
1.722

135.4
134.2
130.9
148.5
146.1
150.9

135.7
135.0
131.5
148.2
146.3
151.1

1.4
3.9
13.5
2.3
1.7
.9

.2
.6
.5
-.2
.1
.1

-.1
-.8
6.5
.1
.3
-.1

.5
.3
.8
.6
.2
.1

.1
.5
-.5
-.2
.1
.2

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

39.004
25.682
8.095
6.628
1.467
17.399
17.074
.324

143.0
157.4
148.9
154.7
194.1
152.3
152.6
141.7

142.8
157.7
149.2
154.9
194.4
152.8
153.0
141.9

2.3
3.3
2.7
2.5
3.0
3.7
3.7
4.1

-.1
.2
.2
.1
.2
.3
.3
.1

.4
.5
.5
.4
.6
.5
.5
.6

.1
.3
-.1
.2
-1.1
.5
.5
.2

.1
.3
.5
.2
1.6
.3
.3
.1

.188
.102

131.8
139.4

131.0
139.5

-.1
-.6

-.6
.1

-.1
.0

.4
.2

-.6
.1

.085
7.523
4.093

121.6
123.9
113.3

120.0
122.0
110.2

.8
-.2
-1.3

-1.3
-1.5
-2.7

-.2
.2
.2

.6
-.4
-.5

-1.3
-.2
-.5

.339

86.7

86.9

-2.5

.2

.2

-.4

-2.0

3.754

121.5

117.8

-1.2

-3.0

.2

-.5

-.3

3.429
5.800
3.525
1.141
1.134

150.9
120.0
109.8
132.9
141.5

150.9
120.1
109.5
133.9
141.7

1.2
1.2
.6
1.7
2.2

.0
.1
-.3
.8
.1

.1
.2
.1
.2
.3

-.1
-.2
-.4
.3
.0

.0
.0
-.4
.9
.2

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.909
5.379
1.393
2.356
.261
.866
.502
.530

133.1
130.2
127.8
129.4
131.1
126.0
151.3
155.9

133.9
131.1
128.1
131.7
130.3
126.3
149.9
156.0

-.9
-1.1
-.5
-2.0
2.1
-1.5
.1
2.4

.6
.7
.2
1.8
-.6
.2
-.9
.1

-.9
-1.0
-.2
-2.6
-.7
-.2
2.3
.2

-.2
-.2
.5
-.1
.5
-1.1
-.5
.3

-.6
-.8
-1.1
-.3
-.6
-.7
-2.0
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................

18.863
17.613
4.948

135.3
133.5
138.4

135.6
133.9
139.2

3.5
3.7
3.8

.2
.3
.6

1.0
1.1
.4

.2
.2
.4

-.1
.0
-.1

New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

3.606
2.256
3.705
1.615
5.089

135.4
146.1
103.7
103.7
151.9
158.0

136.3
148.4
101.7
101.5
152.4
160.0

3.4
5.5
2.1
2.4
3.1
4.1

.7
1.6
-1.9
-2.1
.3
1.3

.4
.8
3.2
3.6
.5
.3

.4
1.0
-1.0
-.9
.1
.6

.0
1.4
-1.2
-1.3
.3
.3

.795

102.4

102.4

.1

.0

-.2

-.3

.1

4.295
1.251

171.8
167.6

174.3
164.8

4.9
.4

1.5
-1.7

.4
1.3

.6
-.5

.4
-1.6

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.044
1.061
4.983
2.865

212.0
199.3
214.9
194.9

213.4
199.9
216.4
196.0

4.7
2.6
5.2
4.6

.7
.3
.7
.6

.4
.4
.4
.3

.3
-.1
.4
.4

.6
.5
.6
.7

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.028
2.077
1.951

148.6
136.0
167.0

149.0
136.2
167.5

2.4
1.9
3.0

.3
.1
.3

.0
.1
.0

.0
.3
-.3

.1
-.1
.4

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

6.807
2.121
1.146

198.9
221.1
145.4

199.4
221.6
145.5

4.3
3.5
2.0

.3
.2
.1

.4
.6
.1

.1
.0
.1

.4
.6
.1

.650
.496
3.540
.219
3.321

142.6
148.6
223.6
209.8
225.0

142.8
148.6
224.4
208.8
225.9

1.8
2.3
5.6
3.5
5.7

.1
.0
.4
-.5
.4

.1
.0
.3
.2
.3

.0
.3
.2
-.3
.2

.1
.0
.3
-.4
.4

100.000
47.644
19.344
28.300
16.590
5.379

146.9
134.6
145.1
128.1
129.9
130.2

147.0
134.7
145.1
128.2
129.7
131.1

2.6
2.0
2.2
1.8
1.1
-1.1

.1
.1
.0
.1
-.2
.7

.4
.4
.4
.5
.9
-1.0

.1
.1
.3
-.1
-.5
-.2

.1
-.1
.0
-.2
-.5
-.8

11.211
11.710
52.356
25.143

132.8
124.4
161.9
151.4

132.0
125.1
162.1
151.8

2.2
2.9
3.2
3.3

-.6
.6
.1
.3

1.4
.2
.4
.5

-.2
.2
.2
.1

-.6
.1
.2
.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ..................
_ _

Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

8.771
7.160
4.983
6.299

126.9
166.0
214.9
184.7

125.2
167.2
216.4
185.3

.3
3.7
5.2
4.3

-1.3
.7
.7
.3

.2
.5
.4
.2

-.2
.3
.4
.1

.2
.1
.6
.3

82.378
74.318
82.601
93.956
30.022
18.312
12.933
35.934
27.213
47.373
7.798
92.202
74.580

147.2
144.2
138.1
143.8
128.9
131.1
133.6
137.8
153.5
157.3
107.8
152.4
154.4

147.4
144.3
138.2
143.8
129.1
130.9
133.0
137.7
153.4
157.4
105.3
152.9
155.0

2.6
2.4
2.4
2.4
1.8
1.2
2.2
1.7
3.0
2.9
.4
2.8
2.9

.1
.1
.1
.0
.2
-.2
-.4
-.1
-.1
.1
-2.3
.3
.4

.4
.3
.4
.4
.4
.8
1.1
.7
.4
.4
1.6
.3
.3

.1
.1
.1
.1
.0
-.5
-.1
.4
-.1
.2
-.8
.2
.2

.1
-.1
.0
.1
-.2
-.5
-.4
-.1
.3
.3
-.9
.2
.2

25.978
4.044
48.602

136.9
102.4
166.4

137.5
100.6
167.0

1.8
1.7
3.5

.4
-1.8
.4

.1
2.9
.4

.1
-.9
.3

.1
-1.3
.2

-

$.681
.229

$.680
.228

-2.6
-

-.1
-

-.4
-

-.3
-

-.1
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables 2/ .............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for

July
1994

Aug.
1994

Sept.
1994

Oct.
1994

Jan.
1994

3 months endedApr.
July
1994
1994

Oct.
1994

6 months endedApr.
Oct.
1994
1994

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

1.7

2.8

3.4

2.5

2.2

2.9

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

144.7
144.1
143.8
163.5
136.4
132.5
165.7
135.5
134.8
135.0
122.9
147.7
145.4
150.8

145.3
144.8
144.6
163.9
136.6
131.4
166.5
138.2
134.7
133.9
130.9
147.8
145.8
150.6

145.7
145.2
145.1
164.6
136.9
130.7
167.4
139.2
135.4
134.3
132.0
148.7
146.1
150.8

145.7
145.2
144.9
164.5
136.5
130.5
168.0
138.9
135.5
135.0
131.3
148.4
146.3
151.1

2.6
2.3
2.6
4.9
2.4
5.4
.7
1.5
3.9
1.9
1.0
1.1
2.0
3.5

-.3
.0
-.8
5.4
.9
6.6
-17.7
2.8
2.7
7.2
-1.4
4.8
1.1
-1.3

4.0
4.0
5.8
4.0
-3.2
.3
26.0
9.0
-2.9
6.5
27.3
1.9
1.4
.5

2.8
3.1
3.1
2.5
.3
-5.9
5.7
10.4
2.1
.0
30.3
1.9
2.5
.8

1.1
1.1
.9
5.1
1.6
6.0
-8.9
2.1
3.3
4.5
-.2
2.9
1.5
1.1

3.4
3.5
4.4
3.2
-1.4
-2.8
15.4
9.7
-.4
3.2
28.8
1.9
1.9
.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................

141.8
155.9
148.0
153.6
196.6
150.7
150.9
140.5

142.3
156.7
148.7
154.2
197.8
151.5
151.7
141.4

142.5
157.2
148.6
154.5
195.7
152.2
152.4
141.7

142.7
157.7
149.3
154.8
198.8
152.6
152.8
141.9

1.7
2.9
2.2
2.7
-.2
3.3
3.6
.6

3.2
4.0
3.3
2.9
5.1
4.1
4.1
2.4

1.7
1.8
1.6
1.6
2.7
2.2
1.9
9.7

2.6
4.7
3.6
3.2
4.6
5.1
5.1
4.0

2.5
3.4
2.8
2.8
2.4
3.7
3.8
1.5

2.1
3.2
2.6
2.4
3.6
3.6
3.5
6.8

131.4
139.1
121.1
122.5
110.3

131.3
139.1
120.9
122.7
110.5

131.8
139.4
121.6
122.2
109.9

131.0
139.5
120.0
121.9
109.4

-4.5
-14.8
9.4
-2.0
-5.0

1.2
5.1
-2.9
3.3
4.1

4.4
7.5
.7
.0
-.7

-1.2
1.2
-3.6
-1.9
-3.2

-1.7
-5.3
3.0
.7
-.5

1.5
4.3
-1.5
-1.0
-2.0

89.0

89.2

88.8

87.0

-13.6

17.8

-2.7

-8.7

.9

-5.7

118.0
150.9
120.0
110.2
132.3

118.2
151.1
120.2
110.3
132.6

117.6
150.9
120.0
109.9
133.0

117.2
150.9
120.0
109.5
134.2

-4.3
1.3
2.0
3.0
-.9

3.1
3.0
-1.0
-1.8
.0

-.7
.5
3.4
4.1
1.8

-2.7
.0
.0
-2.5
5.9

-.7
2.2
.5
.6
-.5

-1.7
.3
1.7
.7
3.8

Housekeeping services ..................

140.8

141.2

141.2

141.5

2.9

.0

3.5

2.0

1.4

2.7

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

133.3
130.6
127.2
131.0
131.3
127.2
148.2
155.1

132.1
129.3
127.0
127.6
130.4
126.9
151.6
155.4

131.9
129.1
127.6
127.5
131.0
125.5
150.8
155.9

131.1
128.1
126.2
127.1
130.2
124.6
147.8
156.0

1.5
1.6
-1.3
4.1
2.5
6.8
-11.4
2.7

-1.5
-1.8
-5.6
-1.8
-4.9
-3.4
14.7
2.1

3.4
3.4
8.6
1.5
15.7
-1.2
-.3
2.4

-6.4
-7.4
-3.1
-11.4
-3.3
-7.9
-1.1
2.3

.0
-.2
-3.4
1.1
-1.3
1.6
.8
2.4

-1.7
-2.2
2.6
-5.1
5.8
-4.6
-.7
2.3

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

133.8
131.9
139.1
136.2
142.0
99.2
98.7
150.8
158.1

135.2
133.3
139.7
136.8
143.2
102.4
102.3
151.5
158.5

135.5
133.5
140.3
137.3
144.6
101.4
101.4
151.7
159.4

135.3
133.5
140.2
137.3
146.6
100.2
100.1
152.2
159.9

-1.8
-2.2
1.2
.6
-2.0
-13.5
-12.5
3.8
1.8

5.0
5.1
5.4
5.2
-.3
9.6
7.8
2.4
4.7

6.2
7.0
5.7
4.5
11.5
10.3
10.3
2.2
5.2

4.6
4.9
3.2
3.3
13.6
4.1
5.8
3.8
4.6

1.5
1.4
3.3
2.9
-1.1
-2.6
-2.8
3.1
3.3

5.4
5.9
4.4
3.9
12.5
7.1
8.0
3.0
4.9

102.9

102.7

102.4

102.5

-.4

2.8

-.4

-1.5

1.2

-1.0

171.7
168.9

172.4
171.1

173.5
170.2

174.2
167.5

2.2
1.9

5.4
7.6

6.0
-4.2

6.0
-3.3

3.8
4.7

6.0
-3.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

210.8
198.8
213.4
193.7

211.6
199.5
214.2
194.2

212.3
199.3
215.1
194.9

213.5
200.3
216.4
196.2

4.0
2.3
4.1
3.5

4.7
2.3
5.5
6.3

4.7
2.9
5.0
3.6

5.2
3.1
5.7
5.3

4.4
2.3
4.8
4.9

5.0
3.0
5.4
4.4

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

148.5
135.8
166.8

148.5
135.9
166.8

148.5
136.3
166.3

148.6
136.1
166.9

4.5
1.8
7.6

2.2
1.8
2.7

2.7
3.0
1.7

.3
.9
.2

3.3
1.8
5.1

1.5
1.9
1.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

197.6
221.0
145.1

198.3
222.3
145.2

198.5
222.3
145.4

199.2
223.6
145.5

3.2
-1.3
2.5

5.5
3.8
2.8

5.2
6.8
1.7

3.3
4.8
1.1

4.3
1.2
2.7

4.2
5.8
1.4

142.5
148.2
220.3
208.6
221.5

142.6
148.2
221.0
209.0
222.2

142.6
148.6
221.4
208.3
222.6

142.8
148.6
222.1
207.4
223.4

2.0
3.3
6.4
7.0
6.2

3.4
2.2
7.3
4.2
7.7

.8
2.7
5.4
5.1
5.6

.8
1.1
3.3
-2.3
3.5

2.7
2.8
6.9
5.6
6.9

.8
1.9
4.4
1.4
4.5

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ....................
_ _
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

133.9
144.7
127.2
128.4
130.6

134.5
145.3
127.8
129.6
129.3

134.6
145.7
127.7
128.9
129.1

134.4
145.7
127.5
128.2
128.1

1.7
.3
2.6
-1.3
-2.2
1.6

2.8
1.2
-.3
2.3
3.9
-1.8

3.4
4.9
4.0
5.5
3.5
3.4

2.5
1.5
2.8
.9
-.6
-7.4

2.2
.8
1.1
.5
.8
-.2

2.9
3.2
3.4
3.2
1.4
-2.2

131.2
124.3
160.7
150.5

133.0
124.5
161.3
151.3

132.8
124.8
161.6
151.4

132.0
124.9
162.0
151.8

-7.2
1.3
2.8
3.3

4.2
2.0
4.1
3.6

10.4
6.0
2.5
3.0

2.5
1.9
3.3
3.5

-1.7
1.7
3.5
3.4

6.3
4.0
2.9
3.2

125.3
166.0
213.4
183.4

125.5
166.9
214.2
183.8

125.2
167.4
215.1
183.9

125.4
167.5
216.4
184.4

-.6
2.5
4.1
6.0

1.9
5.3
5.5
5.2

.0
3.4
5.0
3.8

.3
3.7
5.7
2.2

.6
3.9
4.8
5.6

.2
3.6
5.4
3.0

146.0
143.4
137.4
142.7
128.3
129.8
132.2
136.4
152.3
156.1
104.3
151.8
153.9

146.6
143.9
137.9
143.3
128.8
130.8
133.7
137.3
152.9
156.7
106.0
152.3
154.4

146.8
144.1
138.0
143.5
128.8
130.2
133.6
137.8
152.8
157.0
105.2
152.6
154.7

146.9
144.0
138.0
143.6
128.6
129.6
133.0
137.7
153.3
157.4
104.3
152.9
155.0

1.4
1.1
1.2
1.4
-.9
-1.9
-6.0
-2.3
2.4
2.6
-9.3
2.4
2.4

3.4
2.3
2.7
2.6
2.2
3.8
4.1
3.6
4.3
4.0
6.5
2.4
3.2

3.4
4.3
3.9
3.4
5.1
3.5
8.6
1.8
2.7
2.1
4.7
3.5
3.2

2.5
1.7
1.8
2.5
.9
-.6
2.4
3.9
2.7
3.4
.0
2.9
2.9

2.4
1.7
1.9
2.0
.6
.9
-1.1
.6
3.4
3.3
-1.7
2.4
2.8

2.9
3.0
2.8
3.0
3.0
1.4
5.5
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.3
3.2
3.0

136.8
98.5
165.6

136.9
101.4
166.2

137.0
100.5
166.7

137.1
99.2
167.1

1.2
-13.2
3.3

1.2
10.1
4.2

4.2
9.0
2.7

.9
2.9
3.7

1.2
-2.2
3.7

2.5
5.9
3.2

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables 2/ ...............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
-

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.

NOTE:

Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

U.S. city average ......................

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
July
1994

Aug.
1994

Sept.
1994

Oct.
1994

Percent change to
Oct. 1994 fromOct.
Aug.
Sept.
1993
1994
1994

Percent change to
Sept. 1994 fromSept.
July
Aug.
1993
1994
1994

M

148.4

149.0

149.4

149.5

2.6

0.3

0.1

3.0

0.7

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

155.2
155.7
154.3
152.9

155.9
156.6
154.8
153.8

156.1
156.7
154.8
154.4

156.4
157.2
154.6
154.3

2.6
2.7
2.4
2.1

.3
.4
-.1
.3

.2
.3
-.1
-.1

2.8
2.7
3.1
2.9

.6
.6
.3
1.0

.1
.1
.0
.4

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

144.3
145.4
143.6
145.0

145.2
146.3
144.4
145.9

145.6
146.7
144.0
146.8

145.3
146.2
144.4
146.9

2.7
2.4
3.2
3.5

.1
-.1
.0
.7

-.2
-.3
.3
.1

3.3
3.0
3.3
4.0

.9
.9
.3
1.2

.3
.3
-.3
.6

M

140.2

140.8

141.5

140.9

2.7

.1

-.4

3.8

.9

.5

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

145.0
145.3
147.1
143.8

145.5
145.7
147.9
144.3

145.8
145.9
148.3
144.7

145.9
145.9
148.2
145.0

2.6
2.4
3.1
2.5

.3
.1
.2
.5

.1
.0
-.1
.2

3.0
2.8
3.3
2.6

.6
.4
.8
.6

.2
.1
.3
.3

M

142.7

142.9

143.3

144.1

2.9

.8

.6

3.0

.4

.3

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

149.5
150.9
150.0

150.1
151.3
151.1

150.6
151.7
152.2

151.0
152.1
152.7

2.7
2.3
4.2

.6
.5
1.1

.3
.3
.3

2.7
2.4
4.5

.7
.5
1.5

.3
.3
.7

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................

M
M

134.6
148.1

135.2
148.8

135.4
149.0

135.5
149.2

2.4
3.0

.2
.3

.1
.1

2.7
3.3

.6
.6

.1
.1

Region and area size 2/

C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M

146.8
143.8

147.5
144.0

148.2
144.7

148.4
145.0

2.9
2.9

.6
.7

.1
.2

3.3
3.3

1.0
.6

.5
.5

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

148.3
151.7
158.2
155.3
148.9

149.8
152.0
159.1
155.7
149.4

150.2
152.7
159.0
156.2
149.4

149.4
153.4
159.5
156.9
149.4

1.5
1.7
2.6
3.1
1.6

-.3
.9
.3
.8
.0

-.5
.5
.3
.4
.0

2.4
1.7
2.4
3.4
2.0

1.3
.7
.5
.6
.3

.3
.5
-.1
.3
.0

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

148.2
153.9
143.7
143.4
141.9
151.8

3.5
2.4
3.2
3.8
3.6
2.7

.3
1.2
1.8
.8
1.1
1.3

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

-

142.2
145.3
139.2
145.7

148.6
155.7
146.3
144.5
143.4
153.7
-

142.8
145.7
139.3
146.4

2.3
2.7
2.0
4.1

-

.4
.3
.1
.5

-

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

-

Area

U.S. city average ......................

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
July
1994

Aug.
1994

Sept.
1994

Oct.
1994

Percent change to
Oct. 1994 fromOct.
Aug.
Sept.
1993
1994
1994

Percent change to
Sept. 1994 fromSept.
July
Aug.
1993
1994
1994

M

145.8

146.5

146.9

147.0

2.6

0.3

0.1

3.0

0.8

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

152.7
152.2
152.3
154.4

153.4
153.1
152.8
155.2

153.7
153.3
152.7
156.0

154.1
153.8
152.6
156.0

2.6
2.7
2.5
2.2

.5
.5
-.1
.5

.3
.3
-.1
.0

2.8
2.7
3.2
3.0

.7
.7
.3
1.0

.2
.1
-.1
.5

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

141.3
141.6
140.1
142.6

142.2
142.6
141.0
143.6

142.5
142.9
140.6
144.3

142.2
142.4
140.9
144.4

2.7
2.4
3.3
3.4

.0
-.1
-.1
.6

-.2
-.3
.2
.1

3.3
3.0
3.5
4.1

.8
.9
.4
1.2

.2
.2
-.3
.5

M

138.9

139.5

140.0

139.4

2.3

-.1

-.4

3.5

.8

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

143.6
143.6
143.7
143.7

144.1
144.1
144.5
144.2

144.5
144.3
144.9
144.7

144.6
144.3
144.9
145.0

2.6
2.3
3.0
2.5

.3
.1
.3
.6

.1
.0
.0
.2

3.0
3.0
3.4
2.6

.6
.5
.8
.7

.3
.1
.3
.3

M

142.9

143.2

143.7

144.4

2.9

.8

.5

3.1

.6

.3

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

146.7
146.5
147.7

147.2
146.9
148.6

147.7
147.2
149.6

148.1
147.6
150.0

2.5
2.1
4.0

.6
.5
.9

.3
.3
.3

2.6
2.3
4.3

.7
.5
1.3

.3
.2
.7

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

133.6
145.5
146.1
143.2

134.3
146.3
146.8
143.4

134.5
146.5
147.5
144.1

134.6
146.6
147.7
144.3

2.4
2.9
2.9
2.8

.2
.2
.6
.6

.1
.1
.1
.1

2.7
3.3
3.3
3.2

.7
.7
1.0
.6

.1
.1
.5
.5

M
M
M

143.7
146.5
154.4

145.1
146.8
155.3

145.4
147.3
155.5

144.6
148.0
156.0

1.4
1.6
2.6

-.3
.8
.5

-.6
.5
.3

2.3
1.6
2.4

1.2
.5
.7

.2
.3
.1

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT

Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M

154.9
146.6

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

147.3
152.9
136.3
141.4
141.4
149.4

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

-

155.3
147.1
141.6
141.0
138.8
139.4

155.9
147.1
147.8
154.7
138.9
142.5
143.0
151.5
-

156.5
147.0
142.4
141.1
139.0
140.1

3.0
1.4
2.4
2.6
2.1
4.2

.8
-.1
-

.4
-.1
-

.6
.1
.1
.5

-

3.3
1.9

.6
.3

3.5
2.5
3.2
3.6
3.9
2.7

.3
1.2
1.9
.8
1.1
1.4

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

.4
.0
-