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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
USDL-96-508
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
Thursday, December 12, 1996
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

NOVEMBER 1996

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
0.2 percent before seasonal adjustment in November to a level of 158.6
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of
Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in November, the
CPI-U increased 3.3 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) rose 0.3 percent in November, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The November 1996 CPI-W level of 155.9 was 3.3 percent
higher than the index in November 1995.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the Consumer Price Index for All
Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.3 percent in November, the same as in
each of the two preceding months. The food index increased 0.3 percent
in November after advancing 0.6 percent in October. Substantially
smaller increases in the indexes for dairy products and for fruits and
vegetables were responsible for the moderation. The energy index
increased for the second consecutive month, advancing 1.2 percent in
November. The index for petroleum-based energy increased 1.7 percent,
and the index for energy services rose 0.7 percent. Excluding food and
energy, the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent, the same as in October.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
3-mos. ended ended
May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov.
Nov.'96
Nov.'96
All Items
.3
.1
.3
.1
.3
.3
.3
3.3
3.3

Food and beverages .1
Housing
.2
Apparel and upkeep .1
Transportation
.7
Medical care
.3
Entertainment
.4
Other goods
and services
.4
Special Indexes:
Energy
1.1
Food
.1
All items less
food and energy
.2

.7
.1
-.4
-.4
.3
.3

.5
.3
.4
.2
-.1 -1.4
-.2 -.2
.3
.2
.1
.2

.5
.2
.5
.5
.2
.1

.6
.3
.5
.1
.2
.3

.3
.2
.5
.2
.3
.1

5.5
2.9
5.7
3.4
2.6
2.0

4.3
3.0
-.2
3.9
3.1
3.0

.2

.4

.3

.0

.4

.4

3.4

3.8

-2.2
.7

-.4
.5

-.6
.4

.0
.5

.7
.6

1.2
.3

7.9
5.6

8.1
4.4

.2

.3

.1

.3

.2

.2

2.9

2.6

During the first 11 months of 1996, the CPI-U rose at a 3.3 percent
seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an increase
of 2.5 percent for all of 1995. Increases in the food and energy
components, which acted as moderating influences throughout most of the
past five years, have been responsible for the acceleration thus far in
1996. Energy costs, which declined last year, have increased at a 7.5
percent rate, with petroleum-based energy advancing at an 11.6 percent
SAAR. The food index has risen at a 4.6 percent annual rate in the
first 11 months after increasing 2.1 percent in all of 1995. Excluding
food and energy, the CPI-U advanced at a 2.7 percent rate in the first
11 months of 1996. This compares with a 3.0 percent increase for all of
1995.
The food and beverage index rose 0.3 percent in November. The
index for grocery store food prices, which increased 3.4 percent over
the preceding five months, rose 0.3 percent in November. Substantially
smaller increases in the indexes for dairy products and for fruits and
vegetables--up 0.1 and 0.2 percent, following increases of 1.7 and 1.5
percent, respectively, in October--were responsible for the moderation
in November. Prior to November, the index for dairy products had risen
8.6 percent in the preceding five-month period. Among the other major
grocery store food groups, the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
increased 0.3 percent in November. The index for pork, which had risen
9.6 percent in the five-month period ended in September, slowed
substantially in October and November. (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
pork prices declined 0.2 percent in October and were unchanged in
November.) The indexes for beef and for poultry increased 0.7 and 0.1
percent, respectively. The index for cereal and bakery products rose
0.6 percent, reflecting a 1.9 percent increase in the price of white
bread. The index for other food at home increased 0.1 percent, the
same as in October. The other two components of the food and beverage

index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--increased 0.3 and
declined 0.1 percent, respectively, in November.
The housing component rose 0.2 percent in November. Shelter costs
increased 0.2 percent in November, following a rise of 0.3 percent in
October. Within shelter, renters' costs rose 0.2 percent; homeowners'
costs, 0.3 percent; and maintenance and repair costs, 0.6 percent. The
index for fuel and other utilities rose 0.5 percent. Household fuels
increased 0.9 percent, reflecting increases of 3.4 percent in the index
for natural gas and 1.9 percent in the index for fuel oil. The index
for electricity declined 0.5 percent. (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
charges for electricity fell 2.7 percent.) The index for other
utilities and public services rose 0.2 percent, the same as in each of
the preceding two months. The index for household furnishings and
operation declined 0.1 percent in November, the same as in October.
The transportation index increased 0.2 percent in November,
following a rise of 0.1 percent in October. A sharp increase in the
index for motor fuel was partially offset by another drop in automobile
purchase costs and a downturn in the index for airline fares. The index
for gasoline, which in October registered its first increase since May,
advanced 1.8 percent in November. (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
gasoline prices registered their first increase since May--up 1.8
percent, following a 0.5 percent decline in October.) As of November,
the gasoline index was 9.8 percent below its peak level of December
1990. Automobile purchase costs declined for the second consecutive
month in November. The index for new vehicles, which declined 0.2
percent in October, fell 0.1 percent in November. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, new vehicle prices rose 0.7 percent.) As of November,
nearly 50 percent of the new vehicle sample was represented by 1997
models. The 1997 models will continue to be phased in over the next
several months as they replace old models at dealerships. The index for
automobile finance charges declined 1.2 percent in November, following a
0.3 percent drop in October. The index for used cars also declined for
the second consecutive month--down 0.4 percent in November. The index
for airline fares, which increased 2.9 and 1.9 percent in September and
October, respectively, declined 0.7 percent in November. (Prior to
seasonal adjustment, airline fares were unchanged in November.)
The index for apparel and upkeep rose 0.5 percent in November, the
same as in each of the two preceding months. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, clothing prices fell 0.1 percent in November.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in November to a level 3.1
percent above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--

prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies-declined 0.2 percent in November. The index for medical care services
rose 0.4 percent. Charges for professional services and hospital and
related services increased 0.5 and 0.3 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs rose 0.1 percent in November, following an
increase of 0.3 percent in October. In November the index for
entertainment commodities was unchanged, while the index for
entertainment services rose 0.3 percent.
The index for other goods and services increased 0.4 percent in
November, the same as in October. The index for tobacco products
increased 0.4 percent in November and has risen 1.8 percent in the past
three months.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.3 percent in November.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
3-mos. ended ended
May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov.
Nov. '96 Nov. '96
All Items
.3
.1
.2
.1
.3
.3
.3
3.7
3.3
Food and beverages .1
.7
.4
.4
.5
.5
.3
5.6
4.3
Housing
.2
.1
.4
.2
.1
.2
.3
2.7
2.9
Apparel and upkeep .2
-.6
.0 -1.5
.5
.4
.5
5.4
-.1
Transportation
.6
-.6 -.4 -.1
.4
.2
.3
3.7
4.0
Medical care
.3
.3
.3
.1
.2
.2
.3
2.8
3.2
Entertainment
.4
.3
.0
.3
.1
.3
.3
2.3
3.1
Other goods
and services
.4
.1
.4
.2
.2
.5
.3
4.0
3.6
Special Indexes:
Energy
1.1 -2.0 -.9 -.5
.0
.8 1.4
9.1
8.5
Food
.1
.8
.5
.3
.5
.6
.3
5.8
4.4
All items less
food and energy
.2
.1
.2
.1
.3
.2
.2
2.7
2.5

Consumer Price Index data for December are scheduled for release on
Tuesday, January 14, 1997, at 8:30 A.M. (EST). Releases for the
remainder of 1997:
Feb. 19

Aug. 14
Sep.

16

Oct.

16

Nov. 18
Dec.
Jan.

16
13, 1998

Mar. 19
Apr. 15
May 15
June 17
July 16

New Seasonal Adjustment Method to be Implemented
Effective with the release of revised seasonally adjusted data for 19921996 on February 14, 1997, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will
begin using X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment software (developed by the
Bureau of the Census) for performing Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment (IASA) for selected CPI series. The X-12 ARIMA methodology
incorporates a number of technical enhancements that improve the
estimation of seasonal factors. This change will affect 20 CPI series.
In addition, all remaining Consumer Price Index series requiring
seasonal adjustment will be processed using X-12-ARIMA software
beginning in February 1998. Seasonal adjustment methods in the Producer
Price Index will change in similar fashion.
For more information, please contact Claire Gallagher on (202) 606-6968.
Recalculated Seasonally Adjusted Indexes to be Available on February 14,
1997
Each year with the release of the January CPI, seasonal adjustment
factors are recalculated to reflect price movements from the justcompleted calendar year. This routine annual recalculation may result
in revisions to seasonally adjusted indexes for the previous 5 years.

BLS will make available recalculated seasonally adjusted indexes, as
well as recalculated seasonal adjustment factors, for the period January
1992 through December 1996, at 8:30 a.m. on Friday, February 14, 1997.
Seasonal factors for 1997 for directly adjusted series will also be
available. This date is two working days before the scheduled release
of the January 1997 CPI on Wednesday, February 19, 1997.
The revised indexes and seasonal factors will be available on the
internet at gopher://stats.bls.gov. Choose the "special requests"
directory, and then the "cpi" directory. The revised seasonal data will
be in the file revseas.cpi.
For further information please contact Claire McAnaw Gallagher or
Richard Kerr on (202) 606-6968.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Oct.
Nov.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Nov. 1996 fromNov. 1995 Oct. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromAug. to
Sept. to
Oct. to
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

158.3
474.1

158.6
475.0

3.3
-

0.2
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............

17.332
15.766
9.880
1.473
2.936
1.169
1.936
2.365
.327
.248
.763
1.027

155.8
155.4
156.8
175.1
147.9
149.3
185.1
143.9
145.7
141.6
127.6
158.5

156.2
155.9
157.2
175.4
148.9
149.3
186.3
143.4
144.2
140.8
127.2
158.3

4.3
4.4
5.2
3.8
5.1
11.7
6.3
2.1
4.2
2.2
-2.5
4.8

.3
.3
.3
.2
.7
.0
.6
-.3
-1.0
-.6
-.3
-.1

.5
.5
.6
.2
1.1
1.7
-.1
.5
1.0
.6
-.6
1.0

.6
.6
.7
.2
.5
1.7
1.5
.1
-.1
-.2
-.5
.6

.3
.3
.3
.6
.3
.1
.2
.1
-.3
.2
.0
.4

+

+
+
+
+
+
+

+

+

Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

5.886
1.566

154.2
160.1

154.7
160.2

3.0
3.2

.3
.1

.3
.5

.5
.4

.3
-.1

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
_
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
_
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
_
Household insurance 1/ .............
_
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
_
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
_
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
_
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
_
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.346
28.289
7.988

154.0
172.5
181.3

153.9
172.4
179.9

3.0
3.0
3.5

-.1
-.1
-.8

.2
.2
.1

.3
.3
.3

.2
.2
.2

5.762
2.227
20.102

163.3
214.9
178.1

163.7
207.9
178.6

2.8
5.3
2.9

.2
-3.3
.3

.2
-.1
.2

.2
.7
.3

.2
.1
.3

19.716

178.4

178.9

2.9

.3

.2

.3

.3

.386

163.4

164.6

4.4

.7

.3

.8

.9

.199

140.2

141.1

3.6

.6

.1

.2

.6

.122

147.3

147.6

4.1

.2

.2

-.1

.2

.077

130.5

132.3

2.8

1.4

-.1

.8

1.4

7.014
3.792

128.7
116.2

128.4
115.7

4.3
5.1

-.2
-.4

.2
.2

.5
.7

.5
.9

.356

102.9

105.9

20.8

2.9

3.6

6.3

2.0

3.436

122.7

121.7

3.5

-.8

-.1

.0

.7

3.222

158.6

158.9

3.5

.2

.2

.2

.2

6.043
3.445
1.116
1.482

125.0
111.1
141.6
149.9

124.8
110.8
141.8
149.6

1.0
-.2
1.4
3.2

-.2
-.3
.1
-.2

.2
.2
.1
.5

-.1
-.3
.0
.5

-.1
-.2
.1
-.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
_
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.516
4.967
1.303
2.195
.195

133.4
130.0
129.2
127.1
128.5

133.4
129.9
131.2
126.7
126.7

-.2
-.5
2.2
-2.2
-2.3

.0
-.1
1.5
-.3
-1.4

.5
.5
-.8
1.0
5.0

.5
.5
.3
.9
-2.2

.5
.5
1.3
.6
-1.4

.732
.542
.550

128.0
152.0
160.6

127.7
149.0
160.9

.8
-1.5
2.4

-.2
-2.0
.2

-.2
1.5
.1

.6
.1
.1

.2
-.8
.2

+

+
+

+
+
+

_
Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

16.953
15.430
5.027
4.015
1.342
2.908
1.535
4.618

143.9
140.5
143.8
141.5
157.0
105.9
105.2
160.5
175.4

144.8
141.5
144.8
142.3
156.5
107.8
107.1
160.5
176.2

3.9
3.7
1.8
1.6
-.8
11.8
11.6
3.1
2.0

.6
.7
.7
.6
-.3
1.8
1.8
.0
.5

.5
.3
.6
.5
.3
-.3
-.4
.8
.3

.1
.1
-.2
-.2
-.3
.8
.7
.4
-.1

.2
.3
-.1
-.4
-.4
1.7
1.8
.1
.1

.608

105.0

105.1

.0

.1

.2

.0

-.2

4.010
1.523

192.0
187.2

193.0
187.3

2.3
5.5

.5
.1

.4
2.0

-.2
1.2

.1
-.9

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.362
1.282
6.081
3.465

230.1
212.4
234.2
210.2

230.5
211.9
234.9
210.9

3.1
2.7
3.3
3.7

.2
-.2
.3
.3

.2
.1
.2
.3

.2
.5
.2
.3

.3
-.2
.4
.5

Entertainment ............................

4.367

160.7

3.0

.4

.1

.3

.1

Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

1.975
2.392

R/160.1
_
143.6
R/179.5
_

144.0
180.3

2.4
3.4

.3
.4

.0
.1

.3
.3

.0
.3

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
_
Personal care services 2/ ............
_
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.123
1.610
1.170

218.8
235.3
150.9

219.2
236.2
151.2

3.8
3.2
1.5

.2
.4
.2

.0
.7
.2

.4
.7
.1

.4
.4
.2

.613

144.6

144.7

-.1

.1

.1

-.3

.1

.557

157.9

158.6

3.3

.4

.4

.4

.4

4.342
.258
4.084

252.5
230.5
254.3

252.8
230.7
254.7

4.6
5.5
4.6

.1
.1
.2

-.2
.0
-.3

.4
.7
.4

.4
.3
.4

100.000
42.916

158.3
141.0

158.6
141.5

3.3
3.1

.2
.4

.3
.4

.3
.4

.3
.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................

+
+

+

Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
_
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
_
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

17.332
25.584
15.075
4.967

155.8
132.1
134.0
130.0

156.2
132.6
134.7
129.9

4.3
2.5
3.6
-.5

.3
.4
.5
-.1

.5
.3
.2
.5

.6
.2
.5
.5

.3
.3
.9
.5

10.108
10.509
57.084
27.671

139.2
129.3
175.8
179.4

140.3
129.6
175.9
179.4

5.8
.7
3.3
3.0

.8
.2
.1
.0

-.1
.3
.2
.1

.7
-.1
.3
.2

.7
-.2
.2
.3

8.681

143.2

142.9

3.5

-.2

.3

.1

.4

7.068
6.081
7.583

183.2
234.2
R/204.3
_

183.7
234.9
204.8

3.2
3.3
4.0

.3
.3
.2

.8
.2
.0

.3
.2
.3

-.1
.4
.3

84.234
71.711
79.898

158.8
154.2
159.4

159.0
154.6
159.6

3.0
3.3
3.3

.1
.3
.1

.2
.4
.3

.3
.3
.4

.3
.3
.3

92.638
27.150
16.641
11.674
32.407
29.414

154.2
133.2
135.5
140.3
145.1
184.6

154.5
133.7
136.1
141.2
145.6
184.8

3.2
2.5
3.6
5.4
3.9
3.5

.2
.4
.4
.6
.3
.1

.3
.4
.2
.2
.3
.4

.3
.2
.6
.6
.5
.1

.3
.3
.6
.8
.6
.3

51.004
6.700
93.300
77.534

170.4
110.5
164.7
167.0

170.4
111.1
164.9
167.2

3.3
8.1
2.9
2.6

.0
.5
.1
.1

.4
.0
.3
.3

.2
.7
.3
.2

.2
1.2
.2
.2

23.885
3.264
53.648

142.0
105.8
181.2

142.2
107.9
181.4

1.1
12.9
3.2

.1
2.0
.1

.4
.1
.2

.1
1.4
.3

.1
1.7
.2

-

$.632

$.631

-3.1

-.2

-.3

-.3

-.2

-

.211

.211

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
+
_
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
+
_
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
+
_
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................
+
_

-

+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
R/
_
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Revised.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Seasonally adjusted indexes
Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Oct.
1996

Nov.
1996

Feb.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedMay
Aug.
Nov.
May
Nov.
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

3.2

4.5

1.8

3.3

3.8

2.6

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

154.6
154.4
155.5
174.3
145.8
144.8
186.3
143.0
144.2
141.0
129.0
156.0
153.1
158.9

155.3
155.1
156.5
174.7
147.4
147.2
186.1
143.7
145.6
141.9
128.2
157.6
153.5
159.7

156.3
156.1
157.6
175.1
148.1
149.7
188.9
143.8
145.4
141.6
127.5
158.5
154.2
160.3

156.7
156.5
158.0
176.2
148.6
149.8
189.2
144.0
144.9
141.9
127.5
159.2
154.7
160.2

1.6
1.3
.5
4.3
1.7
8.3
-6.8
.3
7.1
.6
-6.3
2.9
2.4
3.7

4.0
4.0
5.1
5.0
-1.4
3.0
17.8
4.0
4.6
2.3
1.9
5.9
2.4
3.4

5.9
6.5
8.4
1.2
12.4
21.9
9.3
1.1
3.1
3.5
-.6
1.8
2.9
2.3

5.5
5.6
6.6
4.4
7.9
14.5
6.4
2.8
2.0
2.6
-4.6
8.5
4.2
3.3

2.8
2.7
2.8
4.6
.1
5.6
4.8
2.1
5.8
1.4
-2.3
4.4
2.4
3.5

5.7
6.0
7.5
2.8
10.1
18.2
7.8
2.0
2.5
3.0
-2.6
5.1
3.6
2.8

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................

153.2
171.4

153.5
171.7

154.0
172.3

154.3
172.7

3.2
3.4

2.9
2.9

2.7
3.1

2.9
3.1

3.1
3.1

2.8
3.1

+

+
+
+
+
+
+

+

+

+

Renters' costs 1/ ......................
_
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
_
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
_
Household insurance 1/ ...............
_
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
_
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
_
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
_
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
_
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

180.3

180.5

181.1

181.4

4.2

3.0

4.3

2.5

3.6

3.4

162.5
216.8
177.0

162.9
216.5
177.4

163.3
218.0
177.9

163.6
218.2
178.4

3.0
6.9
2.8

2.5
3.9
3.0

2.8
7.9
2.5

2.7
2.6
3.2

2.8
5.4
2.9

2.7
5.2
2.9

177.3

177.7

178.2

178.7

3.0

3.0

2.3

3.2

3.0

2.7

161.6

162.1

163.4

164.8

2.8

2.5

4.6

8.2

2.7

6.4

139.7

139.9

140.2

141.1

2.4

5.4

2.6

4.1

3.9

3.3

147.1

147.4

147.3

147.6

3.4

4.8

6.8

1.4

4.1

4.0

129.6

129.5

130.5

132.3

.3

6.7

-3.9

8.6

3.4

2.2

128.0
114.8

128.3
115.0

128.9
115.8

129.6
116.8

4.9
5.9

4.9
5.1

2.5
2.1

5.1
7.2

4.9
5.5

3.8
4.6

94.3

97.7

103.9

106.0

41.1

16.4

-19.0

59.7

28.2

13.7

122.4
158.0

122.3
158.3

122.3
158.6

123.2
158.9

2.7
3.4

3.7
5.3

4.7
2.8

2.6
2.3

3.2
4.3

3.7
2.6

124.7
111.2
141.3
148.6

125.0
111.4
141.4
149.3

124.9
111.1
141.4
150.1

124.8
110.9
141.6
150.0

1.3
1.1
1.4
1.9

.6
-1.1
1.7
3.6

1.3
.4
1.4
3.6

.3
-1.1
.9
3.8

1.0
.0
1.6
2.8

.8
-.4
1.1
3.7

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
_
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................
_

129.9
126.1
127.6
121.1
125.1

130.5
126.7
126.6
122.3
131.4

131.1
127.3
127.0
123.4
128.5

131.7
128.0
128.7
124.2
126.7

-.6
-.9
5.2
-4.9
15.3

1.2
.9
1.9
.6
-11.4

-7.1
-7.8
-1.9
-13.3
-15.3

5.7
6.2
3.5
10.6
5.2

.3
.0
3.5
-2.2
1.1

-.9
-1.1
.8
-2.1
-5.6

126.4
148.3
160.3

126.1
150.5
160.4

126.8
150.6
160.6

127.0
149.4
160.9

1.6
-5.2
3.3

1.0
4.1
2.3

-.9
-7.7
2.3

1.9
3.0
1.5

1.3
-.7
2.8

.5
-2.5
1.9

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................

143.1
140.1
144.2
142.1
155.7

143.8
140.5
145.0
142.8
156.2

144.0
140.7
144.7
142.5
155.8

144.3
141.1
144.5
142.0
155.1

5.3
6.3
1.7
1.7
9.0

10.6
10.5
2.0
1.1
-5.4

-3.3
-4.2
2.8
3.7
-4.7

3.4
2.9
.8
-.3
-1.5

7.9
8.4
1.8
1.4
1.5

.0
-.7
1.8
1.7
-3.1

+
+

+
+
+

Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

104.5
103.9
158.6
174.9

104.2
103.5
159.8
175.5

105.0
104.2
160.4
175.3

106.8
106.1
160.5
175.4

25.6
24.7
2.6
.7

55.6
56.4
2.3
1.4

-26.3
-27.2
2.8
4.7

9.1
8.7
4.9
1.1

39.8
39.6
2.5
1.0

-10.4
-11.1
3.8
2.9

105.0

105.2

105.2

105.0

.4

-.8

.4

.0

-.2

.2

191.5
183.4

192.3
187.1

192.0
189.3

192.2
187.6

.9
-5.7

1.7
13.4

5.2
5.9

1.5
9.5

1.3
3.4

3.3
7.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

229.4
211.1
233.4
209.2

229.8
211.4
233.8
209.8

230.3
212.4
234.2
210.4

230.9
211.9
235.1
211.4

3.6
3.5
3.7
3.6

3.4
3.5
3.3
3.7

3.0
2.3
3.1
3.3

2.6
1.5
2.9
4.3

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.7

2.8
1.9
3.0
3.8

Entertainment ..............................

159.6

160.4

5.8

1.8

2.0

2.0

3.8

2.0

Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

143.3
178.7

159.7 R/160.2
_
143.3
143.7
178.9 R/179.5
_

143.7
180.1

6.1
5.6

.8
2.3

1.4
2.5

1.1
3.2

3.4
3.9

1.3
2.8

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
_
Personal care services 2/ ..............
_
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

217.5
233.0
150.5

217.6
234.6
150.8

218.5
236.2
150.9

219.3
237.2
151.2

3.6
-.5
1.1

4.6
4.4
2.7

3.8
1.9
.5

3.4
7.4
1.9

4.1
1.9
1.9

3.6
4.6
1.2

145.0

145.1

144.6

144.7

-1.9

3.4

-.8

-.8

.7

-.8

156.5

157.2

157.9

158.6

4.5

1.6

1.8

5.5

3.0

3.6

250.1
229.0
251.6

249.5
229.0
250.9

250.4
230.5
251.8

251.5
231.1
252.9

6.0
7.3
5.7

5.2
4.6
5.3

5.5
6.5
5.4

2.3
3.7
2.1

5.6
5.9
5.5

3.8
5.1
3.7

139.8
154.6
130.9
131.8
126.1

140.4
155.3
131.3
132.0
126.7

140.9
156.3
131.6
132.7
127.3

141.3
156.7
132.0
133.9
128.0

3.2
3.3
1.6
4.4
7.3
-.9

4.5
5.6
4.0
6.9
10.1
.9

1.8
-.6
5.9
-4.7
-8.3
-7.8

3.3
4.4
5.5
3.4
6.5
6.2

3.8
4.4
2.8
5.7
8.7
.0

2.6
1.9
5.7
-.8
-1.2
-1.1

137.8
129.3

137.7
129.7

138.7
129.6

139.7
129.3

12.0
2.2

16.2
.0

-8.8
.3

5.6
.0

14.1
1.1

-1.8
.2

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................

+
+

+

Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
_
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
_
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

175.0
178.8

175.4
179.0

175.9
179.4

176.3
179.9

3.3
3.2

3.3
3.0

3.5
3.4

3.0
2.5

3.3
3.1

3.3
3.0

142.8

143.2

143.4

144.0

2.3

5.2

2.9

3.4

3.8

3.1

181.6
233.4
203.2

183.0
183.5
233.8
234.2
203.1 R/203.8
_

183.3
235.1
204.5

-.2
3.7
5.6

4.4
3.3
3.7

5.0
3.1
4.0

3.8
2.9
2.6

2.0
3.5
4.6

4.4
3.0
3.3

157.8
153.1
158.3

158.1
153.7
158.8

158.6
154.2
159.4

159.0
154.6
159.8

3.7
3.0
3.1

4.4
5.1
4.7

1.0
1.1
1.5

3.1
4.0
3.8

4.1
4.0
3.9

2.0
2.5
2.7

153.1
132.1
133.4
138.8
143.4
183.5

153.5
132.6
133.7
139.1
143.8
184.2

154.0
132.9
134.5
140.0
144.5
184.4

154.5
133.3
135.3
141.1
145.3
185.0

3.2
4.4
7.2
8.9
4.4
3.2

4.6
6.5
9.7
13.8
6.7
3.6

1.6
-4.4
-7.4
-6.9
-.8
3.8

3.7
3.7
5.8
6.8
5.4
3.3

3.9
5.5
8.4
11.4
5.5
3.4

2.6
-.4
-1.0
-.3
2.2
3.6

169.4
109.1
163.8
166.2

170.0
109.1
164.3
166.7

170.4
109.9
164.8
167.1

170.8
111.2
165.2
167.4

3.2
14.3
2.5
2.7

3.4
25.4
3.0
2.7

3.4
-12.2
2.7
2.2

3.3
7.9
3.5
2.9

3.3
19.7
2.8
2.7

3.4
-2.6
3.1
2.6

141.0
103.5
180.4

141.5
103.6
180.8

141.6
105.0
181.3

141.7
106.8
181.7

1.7
26.8
3.0

1.1
51.0
3.4

-.6
-25.5
3.6

2.0
13.4
2.9

1.4
38.4
3.2

.7
-8.1
3.3

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
+
_
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
+
_
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
R/
_
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Revised.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Percent change to
Nov. 1996 fromNov.
Sept.
Oct.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Oct. 1996 fromOct.
Aug.
Sept.
1995
1996
1996

Pricing
schedule
1/
_

U.S. city average ......................

M

157.3

157.8

158.3

158.6

3.3

0.5

0.2

3.0

0.6

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

164.0
164.7
162.2
161.8

164.6
165.4
162.2
162.2

165.1
165.7
162.4
163.8

165.4
166.0
163.1
164.3

3.1
2.9
3.0
3.7

.5
.4
.6
1.3

.2
.2
.4
.3

3.0
2.9
2.5
3.5

.7
.6
.1
1.2

.3
.2
.1
1.0

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

153.4
154.0
152.8
154.7

154.0
154.5
153.3
155.4

154.4
154.8
154.0
156.5

155.0
155.3
154.5
157.1

3.7
3.4
4.3
3.7

.6
.5
.8
1.1

.4
.3
.3
.4

3.2
3.0
3.8
3.3

.7
.5
.8
1.2

.3
.2
.5
.7

M

150.4

151.0

151.1

151.9

4.0

.6

.5

3.5

.5

.1

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

154.1
153.1
156.9
154.0

154.5
153.5
157.3
154.4

154.9
153.7
157.7
154.8

155.1
153.8
158.2
154.7

3.1
2.7
3.7
2.9

.4
.2
.6
.2

.1
.1
.3
-.1

2.9
2.5
3.3
2.9

.5
.4
.5
.5

.3
.1
.3
.3

M

152.6

153.2

154.3

154.6

3.8

.9

.2

3.6

1.1

.7

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

158.0
158.1
162.6

158.6
158.7
163.0

159.1
159.2
163.2

159.2
159.1
163.9

3.1
3.0
3.5

.4
.3
.6

.1
-.1
.4

2.9
2.8
3.4

.7
.7
.4

.3
.3
.1

M

141.9

142.4

142.7

142.9

3.0

.4

.1

2.8

.6

.2

M

157.6

157.9

158.4

158.9

3.5

.6

.3

3.2

.5

.3

+

+

Indexes

Area

Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Oct.
1996

Nov.
1996

Region and area size 2/
_

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
+
_
B ....................................

C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M

157.0
154.0

157.4
154.7

158.2
155.5

158.5
155.8

3.3
3.9

.7
.7

.2
.2

3.2
3.7

.8
1.0

.5
.5

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

158.1
157.3
167.2
163.6
155.6

158.3
158.8
158.2
158.8
168.2
168.2
164.5
164.9
156.3 R/156.9
_

159.4
158.4
168.4
164.3
156.9

3.5
2.6
2.8
2.9
3.0

.7
.1
.1
-.1
.4

.4
-.3
.1
-.4
.0

2.9
2.3
2.8
2.8
2.8

.4
1.0
.6
.8
.8

.3
.4
.0
.2
.4

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

155.4
163.5
153.5
154.6
151.0
160.8

154.8
166.3
153.8
156.4
151.4
161.2

2.4
3.7
3.8
4.1
3.9
3.9

-.4
1.7
.2
1.2
.3
.2

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

+

149.5
152.7
142.8
153.6

-

150.7
153.8
143.2
154.5

-

-

-

-

2.7
2.7
1.1
2.7

-

.8
.7
.3
.6

+
+

+
+
+

1/
_

2/
_
3/
_
R/
_
NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Revised.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Oct.
Nov.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Nov. 1996 fromNov. 1995 Oct. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromAug. to
Sept. to
Oct. to
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.

Expenditure category

+

+
+
+

All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

155.5
463.2

155.9
464.2

3.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.262
17.581
11.206
1.682
3.453
1.300
2.052
2.719
.369
.285
.885
1.180
6.374
1.681

155.2
154.9
155.9
174.7
147.5
148.9
184.1
143.5
145.6
141.3
127.1
158.2
154.2
159.5

155.7
155.4
156.4
175.1
148.6
149.2
185.2
143.0
144.0
140.5
126.7
158.2
154.7
159.6

4.3
4.4
5.2
3.7
5.2
11.8
6.2
2.1
4.0
2.0
-2.4
4.9
3.1
3.2

.3
.3
.3
.2
.7
.2
.6
-.3
-1.1
-.6
-.3
.0
.3
.1

.5
.5
.6
.1
1.0
1.9
-.2
.5
.9
.6
-.5
1.0
.2
.6

.5
.6
.6
.2
.5
1.6
1.3
-.1
-.1
-.1
-.6
.4
.5
.4

.3
.3
.4
.7
.4
.2
.3
.2
-.4
.2
.2
.5
.3
.1

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
_
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
_
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
_
Household insurance 1/ .............
_
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........

38.888
25.976
8.091

150.7
167.6
158.3

150.7
167.7
157.6

2.9
3.0
3.2

.0
.1
-.4

.1
.2
.1

.2
.2
.2

.3
.4
.2

6.616
1.475
17.695

162.9
214.6
162.4

163.4
207.4
162.8

2.8
5.0
2.8

.3
-3.4
.2

.2
-.2
.2

.1
.4
.2

.2
.0
.4

17.366

162.7

163.1

2.8

.2

.2

.2

.4

.329

148.7

150.0

3.5

.9

.3

.5

.9

.189

138.5

139.9

3.2

1.0

.0

.4

1.0

+
+
+

+

+

+

_
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
_
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
_
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
_
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

.105

149.5

149.9

3.7

.3

.3

.1

.3

.085

124.8

127.1

2.6

1.8

-.4

1.0

1.8

7.247
3.887

128.3
115.6

128.1
115.1

4.4
5.1

-.2
-.4

.2
.2

.5
.7

.5
.9

.327

102.6

105.7

20.7

3.0

3.5

6.5

2.0

3.560

122.2

121.2

3.7

-.8

-.2

.2

.7

3.360

159.2

159.5

3.6

.2

.2

.3

.2

5.666
3.367
1.149
1.150

123.4
109.7
142.1
152.5

123.3
109.5
142.4
152.4

.8
-.2
1.8
2.8

-.1
-.2
.2
-.1

.2
.2
.1
.4

-.2
-.5
-.1
.3

.1
.0
.3
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
_
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................
_

5.533
5.017
1.310
2.148
.251

132.4
129.2
129.0
125.4
128.9

132.4
129.1
130.9
125.0
127.7

-.1
-.3
2.3
-2.1
-2.4

.0
-.1
1.5
-.3
-.9

.5
.4
-.8
.7
4.5

.4
.5
.6
.5
-2.6

.5
.6
1.4
.7
-.9

.812
.495
.516

129.2
151.9
159.7

128.9
148.7
160.0

1.0
-.3
2.2

-.2
-2.1
.2

-.5
2.3
.1

.5
1.4
.0

.2
-.9
.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

19.020
17.847
4.958
3.591
2.432
3.584
1.619
5.255

143.5
141.2
145.0
141.1
158.3
106.0
105.3
161.4
171.2

144.5
142.2
146.0
141.9
157.7
108.1
107.4
161.4
171.9

4.0
3.9
2.1
1.6
-.7
12.3
12.0
3.1
2.0

.7
.7
.7
.6
-.4
2.0
2.0
.0
.4

.4
.3
.4
.5
.4
-.1
-.3
.6
.4

.2
.2
-.1
-.2
-.3
1.0
.9
.3
-.1

.3
.3
-.1
-.3
-.5
1.9
2.0
.1
-.1

.767

104.1

104.2

-.1

.1

.2

-.1

-.1

4.488
1.173

188.2
184.3

189.1
184.5

2.4
6.0

.5
.1

.4
1.6

.0
1.0

-.1
-.2

+
+

+
+
+

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.262
1.055
5.208
2.965

229.4
209.8
233.9
211.4

229.9
209.1
234.6
212.1

3.2
2.6
3.3
3.7

.2
-.3
.3
.3

.2
.3
.2
.4

.2
.5
.1
.3

.3
-.4
.4
.5

Entertainment ............................

4.029

158.3

3.1

.3

.1

.3

.3

Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

2.053
1.976

R/157.8
_
142.5
R/179.7
_

142.8
180.4

2.4
3.6

.2
.4

.1
.1

.1
.3

.2
.3

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
_
Personal care services 2/ ............
_
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.006
2.135
1.132

215.3
234.8
150.9

215.8
235.8
151.3

3.6
2.9
1.5

.2
.4
.3

.2
.7
.3

.5
.7
.1

.3
.3
.3

.635

145.4

145.4

.0

.0

.1

-.2

.0

.497

158.0

158.7

3.4

.4

.4

.5

.4

3.739
.227
3.512

247.7
232.4
249.2

248.1
232.6
249.7

4.6
5.8
4.6

.2
.1
.2

-.1
.2
-.1

.4
.7
.4

.4
.3
.4

100.000
47.052
19.262
27.790
16.074
5.017

155.5
141.0
155.2
132.3
133.8
129.2

155.9
141.6
155.7
132.9
134.6
129.1

3.3
3.4
4.3
2.6
4.2
-.3

.3
.4
.3
.5
.6
-.1

.3
.4
.5
.3
.1
.4

.3
.4
.5
.3
.5
.5

.3
.4
.3
.3
.9
.6

11.057
11.716
52.948
25.430

139.0
129.2
173.0
161.3

140.2
129.5
173.2
161.3

6.1
.7
3.3
2.9

.9
.2
.1
.0

-.1
.5
.2
.1

.8
-.2
.2
.2

.9
-.2
.3
.2

8.531

131.5

131.2

3.5

-.2

.1

.3

.4

7.279
5.208
6.501

180.8
233.9
R/200.9

181.3
234.6
201.5

3.1
3.3
4.0

.3
.3
.3

.7
.2
.0

.2
.1
.3

.0
.4
.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
+
_
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
+
_
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

+

_
Special indexes

All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
+
_
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
+
_
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
+
_
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................
+
_

82.419
74.024
82.305

155.5
152.4
146.1

155.8
152.8
146.4

3.0
3.4
3.4

.2
.3
.2

.3
.3
.3

.2
.3
.3

.3
.3
.3

93.738
29.471
17.756
12.739
35.336
27.518

152.0
133.4
135.3
140.0
144.8
164.4

152.3
134.0
136.0
141.1
145.4
164.7

3.3
2.8
4.1
5.8
4.2
3.5

.2
.4
.5
.8
.4
.2

.3
.4
.1
.1
.2
.4

.3
.3
.6
.7
.6
.1

.3
.3
.7
.9
.6
.4

47.740
7.470
92.530
74.949

167.8
110.1
161.9
163.7

167.9
110.9
162.2
163.9

3.3
8.5
2.9
2.5

.1
.7
.2
.1

.2
.0
.4
.3

.3
.8
.2
.2

.2
1.4
.2
.2

25.560
3.911
49.388

141.6
106.0
178.6

141.8
108.2
178.9

1.1
12.9
3.2

.1
2.1
.2

.4
.2
.2

.1
1.4
.2

.1
1.9
.3

-

$.643

$.642

-3.2

-.2

-.3

-.3

-.2

-

.216

.215

-

-

-

-

-

+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
R/
_
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Revised.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+

Seasonally adjusted indexes
Aug.
1996

Sept.
1996

Oct.
1996

Nov.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedMay
Aug.
Nov.
May
Nov.
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Feb.
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

+

+
+
+
+
+
+

-

-

-

-

3.2

4.8

1.3

3.7

4.0

2.5

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

154.2
153.8
154.7
174.1
145.5
144.3
186.0
142.7
144.2
140.7
128.5
155.9
153.1
158.2

155.0
154.6
155.7
174.3
147.0
147.0
185.7
143.4
145.5
141.5
127.8
157.5
153.4
159.1

155.8
155.5
156.6
174.7
147.7
149.4
188.1
143.3
145.3
141.4
127.0
158.2
154.2
159.7

156.3
156.0
157.2
175.9
148.3
149.7
188.6
143.6
144.7
141.7
127.2
159.0
154.7
159.9

1.6
1.6
.8
4.3
1.7
8.0
-7.4
.3
6.8
.6
-6.9
3.7
2.4
3.1

3.8
3.8
4.9
5.0
-1.4
3.6
18.6
3.7
5.2
1.4
2.2
5.1
2.7
3.1

6.2
6.5
8.4
1.4
12.7
20.6
9.6
1.7
3.1
3.8
-.6
2.6
2.9
2.3

5.6
5.8
6.6
4.2
7.9
15.8
5.7
2.5
1.4
2.9
-4.0
8.2
4.2
4.4

2.7
2.7
2.8
4.7
.1
5.8
4.8
2.0
6.0
1.0
-2.4
4.4
2.5
3.1

5.9
6.2
7.5
2.8
10.3
18.2
7.6
2.1
2.2
3.3
-2.3
5.4
3.6
3.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
_
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
_
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
_
Household insurance 1/ ...............
_
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
_
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
_
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
_

150.0
166.7
157.7

150.2
167.0
157.9

150.5
167.3
158.2

151.0
167.9
158.5

3.0
3.0
4.0

3.3
3.2
2.9

2.7
2.9
3.9

2.7
2.9
2.0

3.2
3.1
3.4

2.7
2.9
3.0

162.2
217.0
161.4

162.6
216.6
161.7

162.8
217.4
162.1

163.2
217.4
162.7

3.3
7.3
2.6

2.5
4.0
3.3

2.8
7.9
2.5

2.5
.7
3.3

2.9
5.7
2.9

2.6
4.3
2.9

161.7

162.0

162.3

162.9

2.5

3.3

2.5

3.0

2.9

2.8

147.4

147.9

148.7

150.0

2.5

1.4

2.8

7.2

1.9

5.0

138.0

138.0

138.5

139.9

.3

5.4

1.5

5.6

2.8

3.5

149.0

149.4

149.5

149.9

1.4

5.1

6.1

2.4

3.2

4.3

124.1

123.6

124.8

127.1

-.3

5.6

-4.4

10.0

2.6

2.6

+

+

+

Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
_
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

127.6
114.1

127.8
114.3

128.5
115.1

129.1
116.1

4.3
5.5

5.5
5.1

2.5
2.5

4.8
7.2

4.9
5.3

3.7
4.8

94.1

97.4

103.7

105.8

41.2

14.5

-18.0

59.8

27.2

14.4

121.8
158.5

121.6
158.8

121.8
159.2

122.7
159.5

2.4
3.7

4.4
5.5

4.7
2.6

3.0
2.5

3.4
4.6

3.9
2.6

123.3
109.9
141.9
151.5

123.6
110.1
142.0
152.1

123.3
109.6
141.8
152.6

123.4
109.6
142.2
152.7

1.0
.7
2.6
1.1

.3
-1.1
1.4
3.0

1.6
.7
2.0
3.8

.3
-1.1
.8
3.2

.7
-.2
2.0
2.0

1.0
-.2
1.4
3.5

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
_
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................
_

129.0
125.7
127.1
120.5
126.7

129.6
126.2
126.1
121.3
132.4

130.1
126.8
126.8
121.9
128.9

130.7
127.5
128.6
122.7
127.7

.6
.3
5.5
-2.5
14.1

2.5
2.5
2.2
2.3
-10.8

-8.2
-9.0
-2.8
-14.5
-13.8

5.4
5.9
4.8
7.5
3.2

1.5
1.4
3.9
-.2
.9

-1.7
-1.9
.9
-4.1
-5.7

127.9
145.9
159.6

127.3
149.2
159.7

127.9
151.3
159.7

128.1
149.9
160.0

.0
-7.2
3.4

1.9
10.7
2.3

1.3
-13.8
2.0

.6
11.4
1.0

.9
1.3
2.8

.9
-2.0
1.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

142.5
140.5
145.3
141.7
156.7
104.3
103.9
159.7
170.8

143.1
140.9
145.9
142.4
157.4
104.2
103.6
160.7
171.5

143.4
141.2
145.8
142.1
157.0
105.2
104.5
161.2
171.4

143.8
141.6
145.7
141.7
156.2
107.2
106.6
161.4
171.3

6.2
6.6
2.0
2.0
9.7
23.6
25.2
2.8
.0

10.6
10.8
2.0
.9
-5.1
56.3
54.7
1.8
1.9

-4.4
-4.7
3.1
3.8
-5.4
-26.4
-26.5
3.6
5.1

3.7
3.2
1.1
.0
-1.3
11.6
10.8
4.3
1.2

8.4
8.7
2.0
1.4
2.0
39.0
39.2
2.3
1.0

-.4
-.8
2.1
1.9
-3.4
-9.4
-9.7
4.0
3.1

104.2

104.4

104.3

104.2

.4

-1.5

.8

.0

-.6

.4

187.6
180.0

188.4
182.9

188.4
184.8

188.3
184.5

.0
-.9

2.6
12.3

5.5
2.7

1.5
10.4

1.3
5.5

3.5
6.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

228.6
208.3
233.1
210.1

229.1
208.9
233.6
211.0

229.6
210.0
233.9
211.6

230.2
209.1
234.8
212.6

3.6
3.4
3.7
4.2

3.4
2.8
3.4
3.1

2.8
2.3
3.1
2.9

2.8
1.5
2.9
4.8

3.5
3.1
3.6
3.6

2.8
1.9
3.0
3.9

Entertainment ..............................

157.3

157.4 R/157.8

158.2

6.1

1.3

2.3

2.3

3.7

2.3

+
+

+
+
+

Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

142.2
179.0

_
142.4
142.5
179.1 R/179.7
_

142.8
180.3

6.5
5.9

.3
2.7

1.4
3.0

1.7
2.9

3.3
4.3

1.6
2.9

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
_
Personal care services 2/ ..............
_
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

213.6
232.5
150.4

214.0
234.2
150.8

215.0
235.8
150.9

215.7
236.5
151.3

2.9
-.7
.5

4.3
4.4
3.0

3.2
1.0
.3

4.0
7.1
2.4

3.6
1.8
1.8

3.6
4.0
1.3

145.6

145.7

145.4

145.4

-2.2

3.9

-1.1

-.5

.8

-.8

156.5

157.2

158.0

158.7

4.2

1.8

1.8

5.7

3.0

3.8

245.0
230.2
246.4

244.8
230.6
246.1

245.7
232.2
247.0

246.6
233.0
247.9

5.9
7.3
5.7

4.6
3.6
4.7

5.4
7.3
5.4

2.6
5.0
2.5

5.2
5.4
5.2

4.0
6.1
3.9

139.8
154.2
131.0
131.7
125.7

140.4
155.0
131.4
131.8
126.2

140.9
155.8
131.8
132.4
126.8

141.4
156.3
132.2
133.6
127.5

3.2
3.6
1.6
5.4
9.0
.3

4.8
5.9
3.8
7.2
11.8
2.5

1.3
-.9
6.2
-5.3
-8.9
-9.0

3.7
4.7
5.6
3.7
5.9
5.9

4.0
4.7
2.7
6.3
10.4
1.4

2.5
1.9
5.9
-.9
-1.8
-1.9

137.4
129.1
172.2
160.7

137.3
129.7
172.5
160.9

138.4
129.4
172.9
161.3

139.7
129.2
173.4
161.7

12.7
3.5
2.9
3.4

16.6
-.9
3.6
3.1

-9.3
.0
3.6
3.3

6.9
.3
2.8
2.5

14.6
1.3
3.2
3.2

-1.6
.2
3.2
2.9

131.3

131.4

131.8

132.3

2.5

5.1

3.1

3.1

3.8

3.1

179.3
233.1
199.8

180.5
180.9
233.6
233.9
199.8 R/200.4
_

180.9
234.8
201.1

.5
3.7
5.5

4.2
3.4
3.7

4.6
3.1
4.1

3.6
2.9
2.6

2.3
3.6
4.6

4.1
3.0
3.4

154.3
151.3
145.1

154.7
151.8
145.5

155.5
152.8
146.4

3.8
3.3
3.4

4.8
5.2
5.1

.3
1.1
1.1

3.1
4.0
3.6

4.3
4.2
4.3

1.7
2.5
2.4

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
+
_
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
+
_
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
+
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........

155.0
152.3
146.0

+

_
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
+
_
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

150.9
132.2
133.3
138.5
143.2
163.5

151.3
132.7
133.4
138.6
143.5
164.2

151.8
133.1
134.2
139.6
144.4
164.4

152.3
133.5
135.2
140.8
145.3
165.0

3.3
5.0
8.2
10.3
5.0
2.8

4.7
7.2
10.7
15.2
6.7
3.8

1.3
-5.3
-7.4
-7.7
-.6
3.8

3.8
4.0
5.8
6.8
6.0
3.7

4.0
6.1
9.5
12.7
5.8
3.3

2.5
-.7
-1.0
-.7
2.7
3.7

167.0
108.7
160.9
162.9

167.3
108.7
161.5
163.4

167.8
109.6
161.9
163.7

168.2
111.1
162.3
164.0

2.7
13.9
2.6
2.8

3.7
27.8
3.1
2.8

3.7
-13.2
2.5
1.7

2.9
9.1
3.5
2.7

3.2
20.7
2.8
2.8

3.3
-2.6
3.0
2.2

140.6
103.6
177.9

141.1
103.8
178.3

141.3
105.3
178.7

141.4
107.3
179.2

2.3
25.2
3.0

1.1
52.1
3.7

-1.1
-25.7
3.2

2.3
15.1
3.0

1.7
38.0
3.4

.6
-7.6
3.1

+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
R/
_
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Revised.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+
Area

Pricing
schedule
1/
_

U.S. city average ......................

M

+

Region and area size 2/

Indexes
Aug.
1996

154.5

Sept.
1996

155.1

Oct.
1996

155.5

Nov.
1996

155.9

Percent change to
Nov. 1996 fromNov.
Sept.
Oct.
1995
1996
1996

3.3

0.5

0.3

Percent change to
Oct. 1996 fromOct.
Aug.
Sept.
1995
1996
1996

3.0

0.6

0.3

+

_
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

161.4
161.0
160.0
163.2

162.0
161.8
159.8
163.7

162.4
162.1
160.1
165.3

163.0
162.6
160.7
166.0

3.2
3.1
2.9
3.7

.6
.5
.6
1.4

.4
.3
.4
.4

2.9
2.9
2.4
3.3

.6
.7
.1
1.3

.2
.2
.2
1.0

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

149.9
149.9
148.7
151.9

150.6
150.4
149.5
152.6

151.0
150.7
150.2
153.7

151.7
151.3
150.8
154.5

3.8
3.5
4.4
3.8

.7
.6
.9
1.2

.5
.4
.4
.5

3.2
3.0
3.9
3.3

.7
.5
1.0
1.2

.3
.2
.5
.7

M

148.5

149.1

149.2

150.1

4.2

.7

.6

3.5

.5

.1

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

152.7
151.4
153.1
153.9

153.1
151.7
153.6
154.4

153.5
151.9
153.9
154.8

153.7
152.0
154.5
154.7

3.2
2.8
3.7
2.9

.4
.2
.6
.2

.1
.1
.4
-.1

3.0
2.6
3.3
2.9

.5
.3
.5
.6

.3
.1
.2
.3

M

153.1

153.9

154.8

155.1

4.0

.8

.2

3.7

1.1

.6

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

154.9
153.4
159.5

155.5
154.0
159.9

155.9
154.4
160.2

155.9
154.3
160.8

3.0
2.9
3.5

.3
.2
.6

.0
-.1
.4

2.8
2.7
3.5

.6
.7
.4

.3
.3
.2

M

140.9

141.4

141.7

142.0

3.1

.4

.2

2.8

.6

.2

M
M
M

154.6
156.0
153.3

155.0
156.6
154.0

155.4
157.4
154.7

156.0
157.7
155.1

3.5
3.3
3.9

.6
.7
.7

.4
.2
.3

3.1
3.2
3.7

.5
.9
.9

.3
.5
.5

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

152.9
151.9
163.3
163.0
153.0

153.2
153.7
152.7
153.2
164.4
164.4
163.7
164.2
153.8 R/154.3
_

154.4
152.9
164.7
164.0
154.2

3.6
2.5
3.0
3.0
2.9

.8
.1
.2
.2
.3

.5
-.2
.2
-.1
-.1

3.0
2.2
2.9
2.8
2.7

.5
.9
.7
.7
.8

.3
.3
.0
.3
.3

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............

1
1
1
1

154.4
162.1
145.8
152.6

153.6
165.4
146.2
154.6

2.5
3.8
4.0
4.3

-.5
2.0
.3
1.3

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
+
_
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................
Selected local areas

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

149.5
148.0
142.2
147.2

150.1
158.2
-

150.7
148.8
142.5
148.0

150.5
158.7
-

3.8
4.1
-

.3
.3
-

-

-

-

2.9
2.6
1.1
2.6

.8
.5
.2
.5

+
+

+
+
+

1/
_

2/
_
3/
_
R/
_
NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Revised.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-