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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
USDL-97-200
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
Tuesday, June 17, 1997
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

MAY 1997

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined 0.1
percent before seasonal adjustment in May to a level of 160.1 (198284=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today. For the 12-month period ended in May, the CPI-U increased
2.2 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) was unchanged in May, prior to seasonal adjustment. The May 1997
CPI-W level of 157.2 was 2.1 percent higher than the index in May 1996.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent in May, the
same as in each of the preceding two months. The food index, which
declined 0.2 percent in April, advanced 0.4 percent in May. Grocery store
food prices rose 0.6 percent, reflecting a sharp turnaround in the index
for fruits and vegetables. The energy index declined for the third
consecutive month, down 2.4 percent in May.
The index for petroleumbased energy fell 3.6 percent, and the index for energy services declined
1.3 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent,
following an increase of 0.3 percent in April. The smaller advance in May
reflects downturns in the indexes for airline fares and tobacco and
smoking products and a deceleration in the index for apparel and upkeep.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
1997
3-mos. ended ended
Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May
May `97
May `97
All Items
.3
.3
.1
.3
.1
.1
.1
.8
2.2

Food and beverages .4
Housing
.3
Apparel and upkeep .3
Transportation
.3
Medical care
.3
Entertainment
.2
Other goods
and services
.4
Special Indexes:
Energy
1.2
Food
.4
All items less
food and energy
.2

.0
.2
.1
.6
.2
.3

-.2
.3
.4
-.2
.2
.0

.3
.3
.2
-.1
.2
.2

.0
.0
-.3
.1
.4
.2

-.2
.2
.9
-.4
.3
.1

.4
.1
.1
-.8
.3
.2

.8
1.3
3.1
-4.6
3.8
1.7

3.0
2.6
1.2
.0
3.0
2.1

.1

.4

.5

.5

.8

.2

5.9

4.2

1.5
.0

.8
-.3

.3 -1.7 -1.5 -2.4
.3
.0 -.2
.4

-20.5
.8

-2.7
3.0

.2

.1

2.9

2.5

.2

.2

.3

.2

For the first five months of 1997, the CPI-U advanced at a 1.4 percent
seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an increase of
3.3 percent in all of 1996. The food and energy components, which had
accelerated in 1996 after acting as moderating influences throughout most
of the preceding five years, were responsible for the slower rate thus far
in 1997. The food index rose at a 0.6 percent SAAR thus far in 1997,
following a 4.3 percent increase in 1996. The energy index, which increased
8.6 percent in 1996, declined at a 10.6 percent SAAR in the first five
months of 1997. The CPI-U excluding food and energy advanced at a 2.6
percent SAAR in the first five months of 1997, the same rate as the 2.6
percent rise for all of 1996.
The food and beverage index rose 0.4 percent in May. The index for
grocery store food prices, which declined 0.4 percent in April, advanced
0.6 percent in May, reflecting a sharp upturn in the index for fruits and
vegetables--up 1.8 percent in May after declining 3.4 percent in April.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, fruit and vegetable prices were, on average,
unchanged.). The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which turned up
in April, following declines in the first three months of 1997, rose 0.5
percent in May. The index for beef rose 1.1 percent in May after
increasing 0.6 percent in April. The 0.2 percent decrease in the index for
dairy products was the seventh consecutive month that this component failed
to increase after registering increases totaling 8.5 percent in the
preceding five-month period. The indexes for cereal and bakery products
and for other food at home rose 0.3 and 0.1 percent, respectively. In the
latter group, coffee prices continued to surge upwards-up 2.8 percent in
May and 14.1 percent in the last three months. Declines in prices for
prepared foods helped to mitigate this increase. The other two components
of the food and beverage index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--

increased 0.1 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively.
The housing component rose 0.1 percent in May. Shelter costs
increased 0.3 percent, the same as in April. In May, within shelter,
renters' costs rose 0.2 percent; homeowners' costs, 0.3 percent; and
maintenance and repair costs, 0.5 percent. The index for fuel and other
utilities declined for the third consecutive month, down 0.6 percent in
May. The index for household fuels fell 1.1 percent, reflecting declines
in the indexes for natural gas, fuel oil, and electricity--down 2.9, 0.5,
and 0.4 percent, respectively.
Charges for natural gas have decreased 9.8
percent in the past three months after increasing 17.3 percent in the
preceding 11-month period.
The index for household furnishings and
operation increased 0.4 percent in May; a 1.4 percent rise in the index
for furniture and bedding was partially offset by declines in prices for
most other housefurnishings and major appliances.
The transportation component fell 0.8 percent in May, its fourth
decline in five months this year. The index for gasoline declined 4.1
percent, its largest drop since a 4.6 percent decrease in March 1991.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices, which normally increase
sharply at this time of year with the advent of the driving season, fell
0.2 percent.) New vehicle purchase costs also declined in May; the index
for new vehicle prices fell 0.2 percent, and automobile finance charges
decreased 2.5 percent. The May downturn in finance charges followed
increases in each of the first four months of 1997 totaling 2.2 percent.
The index for used cars declined 0.9 percent in May. Public transportation
costs, which rose substantially in March and April, decelerated in May.
The index for airline fares, which rose 4.5 and 1.2 percent in the two
preceding months, reflecting, in part, the reimposition of the 10 percent
federal tax on airline fares effective March 7, declined 1.3 percent in
May.
The index for apparel and upkeep, which increased 0.9 percent in
April, rose 0.1 percent in May.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel
commodity prices fell 0.7 percent in May, largely reflecting seasonal
price declines for women's and girls' clothing.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in May to a level 3.0 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.4 percent.
The index for medical care services rose 0.3 percent. Charges for
professional services and hospital and related services increased 0.3 and
0.2 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs, which rose 0.1 percent in April, increased 0.2
percent in May. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, this index was unchanged as

a 0.1 percent decline in entertainment commodities was offset by a 0.1
percent increase in entertainment services.)
The index for other goods and services rose 0.2 percent in May,
following an increase of 0.8 percent in April. The index for tobacco and
smoking products, which rose 2.4 percent in April, declined 0.5 percent in
May.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers was unchanged in May.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
1997
3-mos. ended ended
Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May
May `97
May `97
All Items
.3
.3
.1
.2
.1
.0
.0
.3
2.1
Food and beverages .4
.1 -.2
.2
.1 -.2
.4
1.0
3.1
Housing
.3
.2
.3
.2
.1
.1
.1
1.3
2.5
Apparel and upkeep .3
.1
.4
.4 -.3 1.0
.2
3.4
1.1
Transportation
.3
.6
.0
.0 -.1 -.6 -1.0
-6.4
-.4
Medical care
.3
.2
.2
.2
.3
.3
.3
3.7
3.0
Entertainment
.3
.3
.0
.1
.1
.1
.1
1.0
2.0
Other goods
and services
.4
.0
.6
.4
.5 1.0
.1
6.4
4.3
Special Indexes:
Energy
1.4
1.5
.9
.3 -1.8 -1.9 -2.4 -21.9
-2.9
Food
.3
.1 -.3
.3
.1 -.2
.3
.8
3.0
All items less
food and energy
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.3
.2
2.9
2.4

After seasonal adjustment, the level of the CPI-U for All Items was
160.1 in May; the seasonally adjusted CPI-W for All Items was 157.0.
Beginning with January 1997 data, BLS is reporting the level of the
seasonally adjusted U.S. City Average All Items CPI-U and CPI-W in this
monthly news release. Effective with the release of January 1998 data in
February 1998, the seasonally adjusted All Items indexes will be fully

integrated into the releases, appearing in tables 2 and 5 and in the text
where relevant.
Like other seasonally adjusted CPI data, the All Items index levels
are subject to revision for up to five years after their original release.
For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in escalation
agreements.
Consumer Price Index data for June are scheduled for release on
Wednesday, July 16, 1997, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).

A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes
seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each
month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy,
seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred since they
eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
same time and in about the same magnitude every year--such
as price movements resulting from changing climatic
conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays,
and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements
and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to
the Consumer Price Index unadjusted for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally
adjusted indexes are derived by the X-11-ARIMA Seasonal
Adjustment Method (1988). The updated seasonal data at the
end of 1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977.
Subsequent annual updates have replaced 5 years of seasonal
data, e.g., data from 1992 through 1996 were replaced at the
end of 1996. The seasonal movement of all items and 47
other aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal
movement of 60 selected components. Each year the seasonal
status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain

statistical criteria. If any of the 60 components change
their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to
not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will
be used for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
indexes will be used before that period.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors
for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention
Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.
Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme values
and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal
pattern are estimated and removed from the data prior to
calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the
calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA
software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment.
For the fuel oil and the motor fuels indexes, this
procedure was used to offset the effects that extreme price
volatility would otherwise have had on the estimates of
seasonally adjusted data for those series. For some women's
apparel indexes and the girls' apparel index, the procedure
was used to offset the effects of changes in pricing
methodology. For the tobacco and smoking products index,
this procedure was used to offset the effects of increases
in excise taxes and wholesale tobacco prices. For some
alcoholic beverage series, Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment was used to offset the effects of excise tax
increases. For the nonalcoholic beverages index, the
procedure was used to offset the effects of a large increase
in coffee prices due to adverse weather. For the water and
sewerage maintenance index, the procedure was used to
account for a data collection anomaly.
A description of Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment, as well as a list of unusual events modeled and
seasonal factors for these items, may be obtained by writing
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or by calling Claire
McAnaw Gallagher on (202) 606-6968.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Apr.
May
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
May 1997 fromMay 1996 Apr. 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromFeb. to
Mar. to
Apr. to
Mar.
Apr.
May

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

160.2
479.7

160.1
479.6

2.2
-

-0.1
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products 1/ ..................
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.484
15.913
10.040
1.479
3.002
1.245
1.974
2.340
.331
.246
.724
1.039
5.873
1.571

157.1
156.6
157.5
176.9
147.7
145.7
186.4
146.9
147.9
142.4
131.9
161.1
156.2
162.3

157.1
156.6
157.5
176.9
147.7
145.4
186.4
147.1
147.9
142.0
133.4
160.4
156.3
162.8

3.0
3.0
3.2
1.9
4.6
5.7
1.2
2.9
3.1
1.4
3.2
3.1
2.8
2.8

.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
-.2
.0
.1
.0
-.3
1.1
-.4
.1
.3

.0
.0
-.2
.3
-.9
-.1
.1
.1
-.6
-.1
1.3
-.4
.3
-.1

-.2
-.2
-.4
-.4
.4
-.3
-3.4
1.0
1.1
.0
1.9
.5
.1
.1

.4
.4
.6
.3
.5
-.2
1.8
.1
-.1
-.1
1.4
-.4
.1
.3

Housing 2/ ...............................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs 4/ ............
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................

41.203
28.194
7.994
5.731
2.263
20.000
19.616
.383
.200

155.8
175.3
186.3
165.5
228.0
180.2
180.5
163.8
142.5

155.9
175.3
185.3
165.9
222.9
180.6
180.9
164.5
143.2

2.6
3.1
3.6
2.9
5.2
2.8
2.8
3.1
3.2

.1
.0
-.5
.2
-2.2
.2
.2
.4
.5

.0
.2
.3
.3
.3
.2
.1
-.5
.1

.2
.3
.3
.2
.4
.3
.3
.4
.1

.1
.3
.2
.4
-.3
.3
.3
.5
.5

.123

148.9

149.9

3.6

.7

.0

.3

.7

.077
7.102
3.878

133.6
128.9
115.3

134.1
129.0
115.3

2.4
1.8
1.1

.4
.1
.0

.3
-.8
-1.5

-.5
-.2
-.8

.4
-.6
-1.1

.424

102.1

100.4

.8

-1.7

-3.3

-2.1

-.4

Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services 4/ .............

3.453

121.7

121.9

1.1

.2

-1.3

-.6

-1.3

3.224
5.908
3.332
1.093
1.482

160.8
125.5
111.1
143.3
151.1

161.1
125.8
111.5
143.0
151.3

2.7
1.1
.3
1.4
2.7

.2
.2
.4
-.2
.1

.1
.0
-.3
.0
.5

.2
.1
-.2
.4
.4

.1
.4
.7
-.1
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities 4/ .................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities 4/..........
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................

5.330
4.786
1.280
2.102
.186
.718
.500
.545

136.1
132.7
131.4
131.9
133.7
129.3
148.1
162.6

135.3
131.8
132.0
129.9
133.8
129.1
146.0
162.9

1.2
1.1
1.9
1.7
2.6
.6
-3.8
2.2

-.6
-.7
.5
-1.5
.1
-.2
-1.4
.2

-.3
-.4
-.2
-.6
2.0
-.4
-.3
.1

.9
1.1
1.8
.8
3.1
1.2
-.7
.1

.1
.2
.2
.6
.1
-.3
-.6
.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation 4/.......
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................
Public transportation ..................

17.140
15.499
4.955
3.952
1.278
3.171
1.533
4.562

144.8
141.3
145.2
142.6
154.3
106.0
105.4
161.9
177.3

144.4
141.0
144.6
142.1
153.9
105.7
105.2
162.2
177.0

.0
-.5
.8
.6
-2.3
-7.0
-7.1
3.0
2.3

-.3
-.2
-.4
-.4
-.3
-.3
-.2
.2
-.2

.1
-.2
.1
.1
1.2
-2.1
-2.1
.2
.3

-.4
-.6
.0
.0
-1.6
-2.5
-2.6
.2
.2

-.8
-.9
-.2
-.1
-.9
-4.0
-4.1
.2
.0

.589

104.7

104.7

-.2

.0

-.3

-.1

.1

3.973
1.642

194.5
189.8

194.2
188.1

2.7
4.4

-.2
-.9

.4
2.2

.2
1.2

.1
.2

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.346
1.273
6.073
3.472

233.8
215.2
238.1
214.7

234.2
215.6
238.5
215.2

3.0
2.8
3.0
3.6

.2
.2
.2
.2

.4
.5
.3
.5

.3
.2
.3
.3

.3
.4
.3
.3

Entertainment 4/ .........................
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........
Entertainment services 4/ ..............

4.352
1.957
2.395

162.2
144.1
183.3

162.2
143.9
183.5

2.1
.8
3.3

.0
-.1
.1

.2
.0
.3

.1
-.2
.3

.2
-.1
.3

Other goods and services 2/ ..............
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 1/ .......................

7.145
1.601
1.145

222.7
243.2
152.7

223.1
243.8
152.6

4.2
4.6
1.5

.2
.2
-.1

.5
.4
.2

.8
2.4
.6

.2
-.5
-.1

Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................
Personal care services 1/ ............
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services 4/ .

.588
.557
4.398
.264
4.134

144.5
162.0
256.0
235.8
257.7

144.1
162.3
256.6
235.9
258.3

-.8
4.2
4.8
5.0
4.7

-.3
.2
.2
.0
.2

.2
.3
.5
.3
.5

.6
.5
.3
.5
.3

-.3
.2
.5
.6
.5

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted) - Continued
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Apr.
May
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
May 1997 fromMay 1996 Apr. 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromFeb. to
Mar. to
Apr. to
Mar.
Apr.
May

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities 4/ .............
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

100.000
42.873
17.484
25.389
15.147
4.786

160.2
142.3
157.1
133.2
135.8
132.7

160.1
142.1
157.1
132.9
135.4
131.8

2.2
1.2
3.0
-.1
-.1
1.1

-.1
-.1
.0
-.2
-.3
-.7

.1
-.2
.0
-.3
-.8
-.4

.1
-.1
-.2
.0
.1
1.1

.1
-.1
.4
-.5
-.7
.2

10.362
10.242
57.127
27.577

140.6
129.6
178.3
182.4

140.4
129.4
178.4
182.4

-.7
.1
3.1
3.1

-.1
-.2
.1
.0

-.6
.0
.2
.3

-.4
-.2
.3
.3

-1.1
.0
.2
.3

8.698
7.148
6.073
7.631

143.7
185.4
238.1
207.7

144.0
184.9
238.5
208.0

2.1
3.1
3.0
4.1

.2
-.3
.2
.1

-.3
.8
.3
.4

-.1
.4
.3
.3

-.3
.1
.3
.4

84.087
71.806
80.000

160.8
155.8
161.2

160.7
155.7
161.1

2.1
1.9
2.1

-.1
-.1
-.1

.1
.0
.1

.2
.0
.1

-.1
.0
-.1

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......

All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................
1/
2/
3/
4/
NOTE:

92.654
26.960
16.718
11.932
32.631
29.550
51.054
7.049
92.951
77.038

156.0
134.4
137.4
141.7
146.6
186.8
172.8
110.0
166.8
169.4

155.9
134.1
137.0
141.7
146.4
186.9
172.8
109.9
166.8
169.3

2.2
.1
.1
-.2
1.5
3.0
3.0
-2.7
2.6
2.5

-.1
-.2
-.3
.0
-.1
.1
.0
-.1
.0
-.1

.0
-.2
-.7
-.7
-.4
.3
.3
-1.7
.2
.2

.1
-.1
.1
-.4
-.1
.3
.2
-1.5
.2
.3

.0
-.4
-.4
-1.0
-.2
.1
.1
-2.4
.2
.2

23.364
3.596
53.674

143.5
105.8
184.1

143.3
105.3
184.1

1.1
-6.2
3.2

-.1
-.5
.0

.1
-2.2
.3

.3
-2.4
.3

.1
-3.6
.3

-

$.624
.208

$.625
.209

-2.2
-

.2
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

-

.2

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Feb.
1997

Mar.
1997

Apr.
1997

May
1997

Aug.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedNov.
Feb.
May
Nov.
May
1996
1997
1997
1996
1997

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................

156.8
156.5

156.8
156.5

156.5
156.2

157.1
156.8

2.3

3.6

2.5

0.8

3.0

1.6

5.9
6.2

5.3
5.3

.5
.3

.8
.8

5.6
5.7

.6
.5

Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products 1/ ....................
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

157.5
176.4
148.4
146.2
187.7
144.8
146.9
142.1
127.3
160.6
155.6
161.8

157.2
177.0
147.1
146.1
187.8
145.0
146.0
142.0
129.0
160.0
156.0
161.6

156.5
176.3
147.7
145.7
181.5
146.5
147.6
142.0
131.5
160.8
156.2
161.8

157.4
176.9
148.5
145.4
184.7
146.7
147.4
141.8
133.3
160.1
156.3
162.3

8.4
2.1
11.4
22.0
7.7
1.7
4.0
3.5
-.6
2.3
2.9
3.1

6.0
4.4
7.0
13.6
6.4
2.5
2.2
2.3
-4.3
7.6
4.0
3.8

-.8
.2
.0
-8.1
-2.1
2.2
4.8
.8
-.6
3.8
2.6
3.0

-.3
1.1
.3
-2.2
-6.2
5.4
1.4
-.8
20.2
-1.2
1.8
1.2

7.2
3.3
9.2
17.7
7.0
2.1
3.1
2.9
-2.5
5.0
3.5
3.4

-.5
.7
.1
-5.2
-4.2
3.8
3.1
.0
9.3
1.3
2.2
2.1

Housing 2/ .................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs 4/ ..............
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 4/ .
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services 4/ ...............

155.6
174.0
183.4
164.6
223.1
179.5
179.9
164.3
142.3
148.4

155.6
174.3
183.9
165.1
223.7
179.8
180.1
163.5
142.4
148.4

155.9
174.9
184.5
165.5
224.6
180.4
180.7
164.2
142.5
148.9

156.1
175.4
184.8
166.1
224.0
180.9
181.3
165.0
143.2
149.9

2.7
3.1
3.9
2.8
6.7
2.8
2.8
4.6
2.6
6.8

3.2
2.8
3.1
2.7
3.9
2.7
2.7
7.1
4.1
1.4

3.1
3.3
4.3
2.5
8.9
2.7
2.9
-.5
3.4
2.2

1.3
3.3
3.1
3.7
1.6
3.2
3.1
1.7
2.6
4.1

2.9
3.0
3.5
2.7
5.3
2.7
2.7
5.8
3.3
4.0

2.2
3.3
3.7
3.1
5.2
2.9
3.0
.6
3.0
3.1

133.9
131.6
119.4

134.3
130.5
117.6

133.6
130.2
116.7

134.1
129.4
115.4

-3.9
2.9
2.1

8.6
5.1
7.2

4.9
6.3
9.6

.6
-6.5
-12.7

2.2
4.0
4.6

2.7
-.3
-2.2

106.1

102.6

100.4

100.0

-14.5

54.7

-1.1

-21.1

15.0

-11.7

126.2
160.0
125.1
111.2
142.5
149.7

124.6
160.2
125.1
110.9
142.5
150.5

123.9
160.6
125.2
110.7
143.0
151.1

122.3
160.8
125.7
111.5
142.9
151.3

4.0
3.4
1.3
.0
.9
3.9

3.0
3.3
1.0
.0
1.4
3.3

10.5
2.0
.3
.0
2.3
-.5

-11.8
2.0
1.9
1.1
1.1
4.3

3.5
3.3
1.1
.0
1.1
3.6

-1.3
2.0
1.1
.5
1.7
1.9

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities 4/ ...................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities 4/............
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................

132.6
128.8
128.3
126.6
127.2
126.7
147.9
162.2

132.2
128.3
128.0
125.8
129.7
126.2
147.5
162.4

133.4
129.7
130.3
126.8
133.7
127.7
146.5
162.6

133.6
129.9
130.5
127.5
133.8
127.3
145.6
162.9

-5.3
-6.1
-.6
-10.4
-15.3
.0
-6.5
2.3

4.4
4.8
3.5
6.7
5.2
1.6
2.2
1.5

2.8
2.5
-1.5
8.7
1.6
-.9
-4.2
3.3

3.1
3.5
7.0
2.9
22.4
1.9
-6.1
1.7

-.6
-.8
1.4
-2.2
-5.6
.8
-2.2
1.9

2.9
3.0
2.7
5.7
11.5
.5
-5.1
2.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation 4/.........
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................
Public transportation ....................

145.3
142.7
144.4
141.9
155.8
111.8
111.3
161.2
176.1

145.4
142.4
144.6
142.0
157.7
109.5
109.0
161.5
176.7

144.8
141.6
144.6
142.0
155.1
106.8
106.2
161.9
177.0

143.6
140.3
144.3
141.8
153.7
102.5
101.8
162.2
177.0

-1.4
-2.0
2.5
3.2
-3.3
-17.6
-17.3
3.1
4.0

4.8
3.8
1.4
.3
-1.3
13.6
12.8
4.1
1.4

1.4
3.4
-.6
-.6
.5
13.1
13.6
2.3
1.8

-4.6
-6.6
-.3
-.3
-5.3
-29.3
-30.0
2.5
2.1

1.7
.9
2.0
1.7
-2.3
-3.2
-3.4
3.6
2.7

-1.7
-1.7
-.4
-.4
-2.4
-10.6
-10.8
2.4
1.9

105.1

104.8

104.7

104.8

.0

.4

.0

-1.1

.2

-.6

193.1
181.9

193.9
185.9

194.3
188.1

194.4
188.4

4.5
4.5

1.7
13.8

2.1
-13.3

2.7
15.1

3.1
9.1

2.4
-.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........
Entertainment 4/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............
Entertainment services 4/ ................

232.3
213.5
236.4
212.7
161.4
144.2
181.6

233.2
214.5
237.2
213.7
161.7
144.2
182.1

233.8
215.0
237.9
214.4
161.8
143.9
182.7

234.5
215.8
238.5
215.0
162.1
143.8
183.3

2.8
2.5
3.0
3.5
2.3
2.0
2.7

3.0
1.9
3.1
3.9
2.5
1.7
3.4

2.3
2.7
2.2
2.9
2.0
.6
3.1

3.8
4.4
3.6
4.4
1.7
-1.1
3.8

2.9
2.2
3.0
3.7
2.4
1.8
3.1

3.1
3.5
2.9
3.6
1.9
-.3
3.5

Other goods and services 2/.................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 1/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................
Personal care services 1/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services 4/ ...

221.3
237.6
151.5

222.3
238.5
151.8

224.1
244.2
152.7

224.5
242.9
152.6

3.6
1.6
.5

3.4
5.1
1.9

3.9
2.7
.8

5.9
9.2
2.9

3.5
3.3
1.2

4.9
5.9
1.9

143.3
160.7
255.0
233.2
256.5

143.6
161.2
256.3
234.0
257.8

144.5
162.0
257.0
235.1
258.5

144.1
162.3
258.4
236.6
259.9

-.8
1.8
5.1
6.0
5.1

-.8
5.5
3.2
5.0
3.1

-3.8
5.4
5.3
3.0
5.5

2.3
4.0
5.4
6.0
5.4

-.8
3.6
4.2
5.5
4.1

-.8
4.7
5.4
4.5
5.4

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group - Continued

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Feb.
1997

Mar.
1997

Apr.
1997

May
1997

Aug.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedNov.
Feb.
May
Nov.
May
1996
1997
1997
1996
1997

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities 4/ ...............
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

142.1
156.8
133.1
135.7
128.8

141.8
156.8
132.7
134.6
128.3

141.7
156.5
132.7
134.8
129.7

141.5
157.1
132.0
133.9
129.9

2.3
.3
5.9
-3.3
-5.8
-6.1

3.6
4.7
5.3
4.3
6.8
4.8

2.5
1.7
.5
2.1
4.2
2.5

.8
-1.7
.8
-3.3
-5.2
3.5

3.0
2.4
5.6
.5
.3
-.8

1.6
.0
.6
-.6
-.6
3.0

142.3
129.6
177.6
181.3

141.4
129.6
178.0
181.8

140.8
129.3
178.5
182.3

139.3
129.3
178.8
182.8

-6.4
.6
3.3
3.2

6.5
.6
3.2
2.7

6.1
.0
3.0
3.1

-8.2
-.9
2.7
3.4

-.1
.6
3.3
3.0

-1.3
-.5
2.9
3.2

145.7
182.7
236.4
206.9

145.2
184.1
237.2
207.8

145.0
184.9
237.9
208.4

144.6
185.0
238.5
209.3

3.4
4.1
3.0
3.8

3.4
4.9
3.1
3.4

4.8
-1.5
2.2
4.4

-3.0
5.1
3.6
4.7

3.4
4.5
3.0
3.6

.8
1.8
2.9
4.5

160.2
155.5
160.8
155.5
134.4
137.1
143.1
146.5
186.2
172.0
114.9
165.9
168.3

160.3
155.5
160.9
155.5
134.1
136.2
142.1
145.9
186.7
172.5
112.9
166.2
168.7

160.6
155.5
161.0
155.7
134.0
136.3
141.5
145.7
187.2
172.9
111.2
166.6
169.2

160.5
155.5
160.9
155.7
133.4
135.7
140.1
145.4
187.3
173.1
108.5
167.0
169.5

1.5
1.8
2.0
2.1
-2.7
-5.2
-2.8
1.1
3.6
3.4
-7.3
2.7
2.2

3.3
4.0
3.8
3.7
4.0
6.8
7.1
5.4
3.8
3.3
10.3
3.5
2.9

2.8
2.1
2.3
2.6
2.4
3.9
3.7
2.8
2.4
2.8
10.8
1.7
2.2

.8
.0
.2
.5
-2.9
-4.0
-8.1
-3.0
2.4
2.6
-20.5
2.7
2.9

2.4
2.9
2.9
2.9
.6
.6
2.0
3.2
3.7
3.4
1.1
3.1
2.6

1.8
1.0
1.3
1.6
-.3
-.1
-2.4
-.1
2.4
2.7
-6.2
2.2
2.5

142.2
111.3

142.3
108.8

142.7
106.2

142.8
102.4

-.3
-17.4

2.0
17.6

1.1
11.5

1.7
-28.3

.9
-1.5

1.4
-10.6

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................

Services less energy services ............
1/
2/
3/
4/
NOTE:

182.9

183.4

184.0

184.5

3.4

3.1

2.7

3.5

3.3

3.1

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
May 1997 fromMay
Mar.
Apr.
1996
1997
1997

Percent change to
Apr. 1997 fromApr.
Feb.
Mar.
1996
1997
1997

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

159.6

160.0

160.2

160.1

2.2

0.1

-0.1

2.5

0.4

0.1

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 3/........

M
M
M
M

166.9
167.7
164.2
165.3

167.3
168.1
164.8
165.6

167.1
167.7
165.4
165.6

166.8
167.5
164.7
165.2

2.3
2.4
2.3
2.7

-.3
-.4
-.1
-.2

-.2
-.1
-.4
-.2

2.6
2.5
3.0
2.7

.1
.0
.7
.2

-.1
-.2
.4
.0

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 3/........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

155.9
156.5
154.4
158.3

155.9
156.6
154.6
158.1

156.1
156.9
154.8
158.2

156.3
157.0
155.4
158.3

2.4
2.5
2.5
2.3

.3
.3
.5
.1

.1
.1
.4
.1

2.5
2.6
2.4
2.8

.1
.3
.3
-.1

.1
.2
.1
.1

M

152.1

152.1

152.1

152.2

2.0

.1

.1

2.1

.0

.0

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

M
M
M
M

156.1
155.2
158.9
155.6

156.5
155.4
159.7
155.7

156.7
155.7
159.8
156.0

156.6
155.5
159.7
156.1

2.0
1.8
2.4
1.9

.1
.1
.0
.3

-.1
-.1
-.1
.1

2.3
2.2
2.7
1.9

.4
.3
.6
.3

.1
.2
.1
.2

M

155.5

156.0

156.1

156.0

2.0

.0

-.1

2.4

.4

.1

Feb.
1997

Mar.
1997

Apr.
1997

May
1997

Region and area size 2/

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
50,000 to 450,000 3/........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 3/........

M
M
M

160.1
160.1
165.4

160.8
160.9
166.3

161.1
161.2
166.5

161.1
161.1
166.5

2.2
2.2
2.5

.2
.1
.1

.0
-.1
.0

2.5
2.5
2.7

.6
.7
.7

.2
.2
.1

Size classes
A 4/ .................................
B 3/ .................................
C 3/ .................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

144.1
159.5
159.6
156.2

144.4
160.1
159.8
156.4

144.5
160.4
160.0
156.5

144.5
160.4
160.0
156.4

2.3
2.4
2.3
1.9

.1
.2
.1
.0

.0
.0
.0
-.1

2.4
2.8
2.4
2.3

.3
.6
.3
.2

.1
.2
.1
.1

Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..

M
M
M

161.1
159.2
170.1

161.0
159.8
170.7

160.9
159.9
170.2

161.1
159.5
169.9

2.7
1.3
2.1

.1
-.2
-.5

.1
-.3
-.2

2.9
1.4
2.5

-.1
.4
.1

-.1
.1
-.3

M
M

165.8
157.9

166.1
159.2

166.0
159.6

166.0
159.8

2.6
3.0

-.1
.4

.0
.1

2.4
3.7

.1
1.1

-.1
.3

Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................

1
1
1
1
1
1

155.5
166.7
155.6
157.9
152.1
162.1

1.0
3.0
2.5
3.5
2.7
1.9

-1.0
-.8
.1
-.4
-.1
.1

-

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........

2
2
2
2

-

-

1/

2/
3/
4/
5/

150.7
155.4
144.5
156.2

157.1
168.1
155.4
158.5
152.2
161.9
-

150.6
156.0
145.2
156.6

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current
Size Class B and Size Class C cities. There will be no individual Size Class B or Size
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on
basis starting in January, 1998. Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on
bi-monthly basis.

1.4
2.4
1.5
2.5

and services priced as

Class C.
a monthly
a

-

-.1
.4
.5
.3

-

6/
7/
NOTE:

Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly
basis after December, 1997. Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each
January and July.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Apr.
May
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
May 1997 fromMay 1996 Apr. 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromFeb. to
Mar. to
Apr. to
Mar.
Apr.
May

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

157.2
468.3

157.2
468.3

2.1
-

0.0
-

0.1
-

0.0
-

0.0
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products 1/ ..................
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.436
17.749
11.387
1.688
3.535
1.387
2.086
2.691
.373
.282
.841
1.194
6.362
1.687

156.5
156.1
156.6
176.6
147.3
145.4
185.2
146.4
147.9
142.1
131.1
161.0
156.2
161.7

156.6
156.1
156.6
176.7
147.4
145.1
185.4
146.6
147.9
141.7
132.4
160.3
156.2
162.2

3.1
3.0
3.2
2.0
4.7
5.6
1.0
2.9
3.1
1.4
2.8
3.2
2.8
2.9

.1
.0
.0
.1
.1
-.2
.1
.1
.0
-.3
1.0
-.4
.0
.3

.1
.1
-.1
.4
-.8
-.1
.3
.1
-.7
.1
1.1
-.5
.3
.1

-.2
-.2
-.3
-.4
.5
-.3
-3.3
1.0
1.2
-.1
1.8
.7
.0
.0

.4
.3
.5
.4
.5
-.2
1.7
.2
-.1
-.1
1.2
-.4
.0
.4

Housing 2/ ...............................

38.747

152.4

152.6

2.5

.1

.1

.1

.1

Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs 4/ ............
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services 4/ .............

25.867
8.079
6.580
1.499
17.599
17.277
.322
.189

170.1
161.8
165.2
226.9
164.3
164.6
148.5
141.0

170.3
161.6
165.6
222.9
164.6
164.9
149.1
141.7

3.0
3.3
2.9
5.1
2.8
2.8
2.1
3.1

.1
-.1
.2
-1.8
.2
.2
.4
.5

.2
.3
.2
.3
.2
.2
-.3
.1

.3
.4
.3
.7
.2
.2
.4
.1

.3
.3
.3
.2
.2
.3
.3
.5

.105

150.9

151.9

3.5

.7

.0

.4

.7

.084
7.344
3.979

128.2
128.6
114.7

128.6
128.7
114.7

2.5
1.9
1.1

.3
.1
.0

.3
-.8
-1.4

-.4
-.4
-.9

.3
-.5
-1.1

.391

101.7

100.0

.9

-1.7

-3.5

-2.2

-.4

3.588

121.2

121.5

1.3

.2

-1.2

-.8

-1.2

3.365
5.536
3.261
1.129
1.145

161.5
124.0
109.7
143.9
153.7

161.8
124.3
110.2
143.7
153.9

2.7
1.1
.4
1.7
2.5

.2
.2
.5
-.1
.1

.1
.0
-.1
.1
.3

.2
.0
-.3
.4
.5

.1
.5
.7
-.1
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities 4/ .................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities 4/..........
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................

5.348
4.838
1.286
2.053
.240
.799
.461
.510

135.5
132.3
131.1
130.7
134.9
130.3
149.3
161.7

134.7
131.5
131.7
129.0
134.9
130.1
146.8
161.9

1.1
1.1
1.9
1.5
2.6
.6
-3.1
2.0

-.6
-.6
.5
-1.3
.0
-.2
-1.7
.1

-.3
-.3
-.2
-.4
2.0
-.5
-.9
.1

1.0
1.0
1.8
.4
3.2
1.3
.4
.1

.2
.2
.0
.6
.0
-.3
-.7
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation 4/.......
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................

19.190
17.934
4.893
3.533
2.320
3.921
1.616
5.185

144.2
141.8
146.4
142.3
155.7
105.9
105.4
162.9
172.8

143.8
141.5
145.9
141.8
155.3
105.7
105.2
163.2
172.5

-.4
-.7
1.0
.7
-2.1
-6.9
-7.1
3.0
2.3

-.3
-.2
-.3
-.4
-.3
-.2
-.2
.2
-.2

-.1
-.1
.2
.2
1.3
-2.2
-2.2
.4
.3

-.6
-.8
.1
-.1
-1.6
-2.7
-2.7
.2
.2

-1.0
-1.0
-.3
-.1
-.9
-3.8
-4.1
.2
-.1

.742

103.7

103.8

-.2

.1

.0

-.3

.2

Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................
Public transportation ..................

4.442
1.256

190.3
186.8

189.9
185.2

2.6
3.7

-.2
-.9

.3
1.7

.3
1.2

-.1
-.1

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.251
1.047
5.204
2.973

233.2
212.3
237.9
216.0

233.6
212.9
238.2
216.5

3.0
2.8
3.0
3.7

.2
.3
.1
.2

.3
.3
.4
.5

.3
.2
.3
.3

.3
.5
.3
.3

Entertainment 4/ .........................
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........
Entertainment services 4/ ..............

4.015
2.036
1.979

159.7
143.0
183.6

159.7
142.8
183.8

2.0
.6
3.4

.0
-.1
.1

.1
.0
.4

.1
-.4
.5

.1
.0
.2

Other goods and services 2/ ..............
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 1/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................
Personal care services 1/ ............
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services 4/ .

7.012
2.117
1.107

219.8
242.7
152.6

220.2
243.4
152.6

4.3
4.4
1.5

.2
.3
.0

.5
.4
.1

1.0
2.3
.7

.1
-.5
.0

.610
.497
3.788
.232
3.556

145.4
162.1
251.8
237.4
253.3

145.0
162.4
252.5
237.5
254.0

-.7
4.2
5.1
5.3
5.1

-.3
.2
.3
.0
.3

.1
.2
.5
.3
.5

.8
.6
.3
.6
.3

-.3
.2
.6
.7
.6

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group - Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Apr.
May
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
May 1997 fromMay 1996 Apr. 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromFeb. to
Mar. to
Apr. to
Mar.
Apr.
May

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities 4/ .............

100.000
47.057
19.436
27.621
16.215
4.838

157.2
142.2
156.5
133.4
135.6
132.3

157.2
142.1
156.6
133.2
135.3
131.5

2.1
1.1
3.1
-.2
-.3
1.1

.0
-.1
.1
-.1
-.2
-.6

.1
-.1
.1
-.3
-.7
-.3

.0
-.2
-.2
-.2
.0
1.0

.0
-.2
.4
-.5
-.7
.2

Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

11.377
11.407
52.943
25.329

140.3
129.3
175.3
163.7

140.2
129.2
175.5
163.9

-.9
.0
3.0
3.0

-.1
-.1
.1
.1

-.8
.0
.2
.2

-.4
-.3
.2
.3

-1.3
.1
.2
.3

8.553
7.314
5.204
6.542

132.0
182.8
237.9
204.6

132.3
182.4
238.2
205.0

2.1
2.9
3.0
4.3

.2
-.2
.1
.2

-.4
.6
.4
.4

-.1
.4
.3
.3

-.3
-.1
.3
.4

82.251
74.133
82.401
93.749
29.308
17.901
13.064
35.651
27.613
47.738
7.901
92.099
74.350

157.3
153.8
147.6
153.6
134.6
137.1
141.4
146.4
166.4
170.0
109.6
163.9
165.9

157.3
153.8
147.6
153.6
134.4
136.9
141.4
146.2
166.5
170.1
109.5
163.9
165.9

1.9
1.8
1.9
2.1
.0
.0
-.4
1.5
3.0
3.0
-2.9
2.6
2.4

.0
.0
.0
.0
-.1
-.1
.0
-.1
.1
.1
-.1
.0
.0

.1
.0
.0
.0
-.3
-.9
-.8
-.3
.2
.2
-1.8
.2
.2

.1
-.1
.0
.1
-.1
-.1
-.4
-.1
.1
.2
-1.9
.2
.3

-.1
-.1
-.1
-.1
-.5
-.7
-1.2
-.3
.1
.2
-2.4
.2
.2

24.996
4.312
49.354

143.1
105.8
181.3

142.9
105.5
181.4

1.1
-6.2
3.1

-.1
-.3
.1

.1
-2.3
.3

.2
-2.7
.3

.0
-3.5
.2

-

$.636
.214

$.636
.214

-2.0
-

.0
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................
1/
2/
3/
4/
NOTE:

-

.0

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and

commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Feb.
1997

Mar.
1997

Apr.
1997

May
1997

Aug.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedNov.
Feb.
May
Nov.
May
1996
1997
1997
1996
1997

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

1.8

3.9

2.3

0.3

2.9

1.3

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products 1/ ....................
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

156.3
155.9
156.5
176.0
147.9
146.0
186.7
144.4
146.9
141.6
126.9
160.4
155.7
160.9

156.4
156.0
156.3
176.7
146.7
145.8
187.2
144.5
145.9
141.8
128.3
159.6
156.2
161.0

156.1
155.7
155.8
176.0
147.4
145.4
181.0
145.9
147.7
141.7
130.6
160.7
156.2
161.0

156.7
156.2
156.6
176.7
148.2
145.1
184.1
146.2
147.5
141.6
132.2
160.0
156.2
161.7

5.9
6.2
7.9
2.3
11.8
21.7
6.7
2.0
3.7
3.5
-.6
2.6
3.2
3.1

5.3
5.3
6.4
4.2
6.8
14.3
6.0
2.3
2.0
2.3
-4.0
7.6
3.7
4.1

.3
.3
-1.3
.0
-.3
-8.3
-2.7
2.2
5.3
.3
-.6
3.6
2.9
2.3

1.0
.8
.3
1.6
.8
-2.4
-5.5
5.1
1.6
.0
17.8
-1.0
1.3
2.0

5.6
5.8
7.1
3.3
9.2
17.9
6.4
2.1
2.8
2.9
-2.3
5.1
3.5
3.6

.6
.5
-.5
.8
.3
-5.4
-4.1
3.7
3.5
.1
8.2
1.3
2.1
2.1

Housing 2/ .................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs 4/ ..............
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................

152.2
169.1
160.0
164.3
221.8
163.7
164.0
148.9
140.7
150.3

152.3
169.5
160.4
164.7
222.4
164.1
164.4
148.4
140.9
150.3

152.5
170.0
161.0
165.2
223.9
164.5
164.8
149.0
141.0
150.9

152.7
170.5
161.5
165.7
224.3
164.9
165.3
149.4
141.7
151.9

2.7
2.9
3.6
3.0
6.5
2.8
2.8
2.5
1.5
6.1

3.0
2.7
2.8
2.7
2.4
2.5
2.5
6.7
5.6
2.4

2.9
3.1
3.3
2.5
7.4
3.0
3.0
-2.4
2.3
1.1

1.3
3.4
3.8
3.5
4.6
3.0
3.2
1.3
2.9
4.3

2.8
2.8
3.2
2.9
4.5
2.6
2.6
4.6
3.5
4.3

2.1
3.2
3.6
3.0
6.0
3.0
3.1
-.5
2.6
2.7

128.3
131.2
118.7

128.7
130.2
117.0

128.2
129.7
115.9

128.6
129.0
114.6

-4.4
3.2
2.9

10.0
5.4
7.2

3.8
6.0
9.3

.9
-6.5
-13.1

2.6
4.3
5.0

2.4
-.5
-2.6

106.0

102.3

100.0

99.6

-13.1

54.2

-.8

-22.1

15.8

-12.0

Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 4/ .
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services 4/ ...............

125.7
160.7
123.6
109.8
143.1
152.6

124.2
160.9
123.6
109.7
143.2
153.0

123.2
161.3
123.6
109.4
143.8
153.7

121.7
161.5
124.2
110.2
143.7
153.9

4.7
3.1
1.3
.4
2.0
3.8

3.3
3.8
.7
-.4
1.1
2.9

10.1
2.0
.3
.0
2.3
.0

-12.1
2.0
2.0
1.5
1.7
3.5

4.0
3.5
1.0
.0
1.6
3.4

-1.6
2.0
1.1
.7
2.0
1.7

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities 4/ ...................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities 4/............
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................

131.8
128.5
128.1
125.9
128.1
127.7
147.7
161.3

131.4
128.1
127.8
125.4
130.7
127.0
146.3
161.5

132.7
129.4
130.1
125.9
134.9
128.6
146.9
161.7

132.9
129.6
130.1
126.7
134.9
128.2
145.8
161.9

-6.0
-6.7
-1.2
-11.0
-13.8
.9
-9.5
2.0

4.1
4.2
4.2
4.7
3.2
1.3
8.1
1.0

3.4
3.5
-1.2
10.8
1.3
-1.6
-5.0
3.3

3.4
3.5
6.4
2.6
23.0
1.6
-5.0
1.5

-1.1
-1.4
1.4
-3.5
-5.7
1.1
-1.1
1.5

3.4
3.5
2.5
6.6
11.6
.0
-5.0
2.4

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation 4/.........
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................
Public transportation ....................

145.2
143.2
145.6
141.5
157.1
112.0
111.4
161.9
171.8

145.1
143.0
145.9
141.8
159.1
109.5
109.0
162.5
172.3

144.2
141.9
146.0
141.7
156.5
106.5
106.1
162.8
172.6

142.8
140.5
145.6
141.5
155.1
102.5
101.8
163.2
172.5

-1.9
-2.5
2.5
3.2
-3.0
-17.6
-17.4
3.3
4.1

4.6
4.0
1.7
.3
-1.5
14.9
14.1
4.1
1.4

2.5
3.4
-.5
-.6
1.0
13.1
13.2
1.5
1.4

-6.4
-7.3
.0
.0
-5.0
-29.9
-30.3
3.3
1.6

1.3
.7
2.1
1.7
-2.3
-2.7
-2.9
3.7
2.7

-2.1
-2.1
-.3
-.3
-2.0
-10.9
-11.2
2.4
1.5

104.0

104.0

103.7

103.9

.4

.0

-.8

-.4

.2

-.6

189.0
179.9

189.6
182.9

190.1
185.1

189.9
184.9

4.8
4.6

1.5
13.0

1.9
-12.1

1.9
11.6

3.2
8.7

1.9
-1.0

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........
Entertainment 4/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............
Entertainment services 4/ ................

231.6
211.0
236.0
213.9
159.0
143.1
181.6

232.4
211.7
236.9
215.0
159.2
143.1
182.3

233.0
212.1
237.6
215.7
159.3
142.5
183.3

233.7
213.1
238.2
216.3
159.4
142.5
183.6

2.8
2.3
3.0
3.5
2.6
1.7
3.2

3.0
2.1
3.1
4.1
2.3
1.7
3.2

2.3
2.9
2.1
2.9
1.8
.6
2.7

3.7
4.0
3.8
4.6
1.0
-1.7
4.5

2.9
2.2
3.0
3.8
2.4
1.7
3.2

3.0
3.5
2.9
3.7
1.4
-.6
3.6

Other goods and services 2/.................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 1/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................

217.7
237.2
151.4

218.7
238.2
151.6

220.8
243.7
152.6

221.1
242.4
152.6

3.1
.9
.3

3.6
4.9
2.4

4.1
2.9
.3

6.4
9.1
3.2

3.3
2.9
1.3

5.3
5.9
1.7

144.2

144.3

145.4

145.0

-1.1

-.5

-3.3

2.2

-.8

-.5

Personal care services 1/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services 4/ ...

160.8
250.6
234.8
252.0

161.2
251.8
235.6
253.3

162.1
252.6
236.9
254.1

162.4
254.1
238.5
255.5

1.8
5.1
6.3
5.0

5.7
3.5
5.7
3.3

5.4
6.1
2.9
6.3

4.0
5.7
6.5
5.7

3.8
4.3
6.0
4.2

4.7
5.9
4.7
6.0

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group - Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Feb.
1997

Mar.
1997

Apr.
1997

May
1997

Aug.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedNov.
Feb.
May
Nov.
May
1996
1997
1997
1996
1997

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities 4/ ...............
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes

142.2
156.3
133.5
135.7
128.5

142.0
156.4
133.1
134.7
128.1

141.7
156.1
132.8
134.7
129.4

141.4
156.7
132.1
133.7
129.6

1.8
.3
5.9
-3.6
-6.1
-6.7

3.9
4.4
5.3
4.0
7.2
4.2

2.3
2.0
.3
3.1
4.2
3.5

.3
-2.2
1.0
-4.1
-5.8
3.5

2.9
2.3
5.6
.2
.3
-1.4

1.3
-.1
.6
-.6
-.9
3.5

142.4
129.4
174.7
162.9

141.2
129.4
175.1
163.2

140.7
129.0
175.5
163.7

138.9
129.1
175.8
164.2

-7.2
.3
3.3
3.0

7.5
.6
3.1
2.5

6.7
.0
3.0
3.3

-9.5
-.9
2.5
3.2

-.1
.5
3.2
2.8

-1.7
-.5
2.8
3.2

134.0
180.6
236.0
203.7

133.4
181.6
236.9
204.6

133.2
182.4
237.6
205.3

132.8
182.3
238.2
206.1

3.1
4.4
3.0
4.1

3.4
3.8
3.1
3.2

5.2
-.7
2.1
4.9

-3.5
3.8
3.8
4.8

3.3
4.1
3.0
3.7

.8
1.6
2.9
4.8

All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
1/
2/
3/
4/
NOTE:

156.8
153.7
147.4
153.3
134.8
137.3
143.1
146.3
166.2
169.4
114.9
162.9
164.9

156.9
153.7
147.4
153.3
134.4
136.1
141.9
145.8
166.5
169.7
112.8
163.3
165.3

157.0
153.6
147.4
153.4
134.2
136.0
141.3
145.6
166.7
170.1
110.7
163.6
165.8

156.9
153.4
147.3
153.3
133.5
135.1
139.6
145.2
166.8
170.4
108.0
163.9
166.1

1.0
1.6
1.7
2.1
-3.0
-5.2
-3.4
1.1
3.5
3.4
-8.0
2.8
2.2

3.4
4.3
3.9
3.8
4.0
7.4
7.4
5.4
4.0
3.2
11.1
3.3
2.5

2.9
2.1
2.5
2.4
3.0
4.5
4.6
2.5
2.9
2.9
11.2
1.5
2.2

.3
-.8
-.3
.0
-3.8
-6.3
-9.4
-3.0
1.5
2.4
-21.9
2.5
2.9

2.2
2.9
2.8
3.0
.4
.9
1.9
3.2
3.7
3.3
1.1
3.0
2.4

1.5
.7
1.1
1.2
-.4
-1.0
-2.7
-.3
2.2
2.6
-6.8
2.0
2.6

141.9
111.7
180.3

142.1
109.1
180.9

142.4
106.2
181.5

142.4
102.5
181.9

-.3
-17.1
3.4

2.0
17.5
3.0

1.1
11.9
2.5

1.4
-29.1
3.6

.9
-1.3
3.2

1.3
-10.9
3.0

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
May 1997 fromMay
Mar.
Apr.
1996
1997
1997

Percent change to
Apr. 1997 fromApr.
Feb.
Mar.
1996
1997
1997

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

156.8

157.0

157.2

157.2

2.1

0.1

0.0

2.3

0.3

0.1

M
M

164.2
163.9

164.5
164.2

164.4
163.9

164.1
163.8

2.2
2.2

-.2
-.2

-.2
-.1

2.6
2.4

.1
.0

-.1
-.2

Feb.
1997

Mar.
1997

Apr.
1997

May
1997

Region and area size 2/
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........

Size B Size C -

500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
50,000 to 500,000 3/........

M
M

161.9
166.8

162.6
167.0

163.1
167.0

162.3
166.9

2.1
2.6

-.2
-.1

-.5
-.1

2.9
2.5

.7
.1

.3
.0

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 3/........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

152.4
152.3
150.5
155.6

152.4
152.3
150.5
155.3

152.6
152.6
150.8
155.4

152.8
152.7
151.5
155.6

2.3
2.3
2.5
2.3

.3
.3
.7
.2

.1
.1
.5
.1

2.4
2.4
2.4
2.7

.1
.2
.2
-.1

.1
.2
.2
.1

M

150.3

150.1

150.0

150.2

2.0

.1

.1

2.0

-.2

-.1

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
50,000 to 450,000 3/........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

154.5
153.2
155.0
155.5

154.8
153.4
155.6
155.5

155.1
153.6
155.8
155.8

155.1
153.6
155.7
156.0

2.0
1.7
2.2
1.9

.2
.1
.1
.3

.0
.0
-.1
.1

2.2
2.0
2.6
1.8

.4
.3
.5
.2

.2
.1
.1
.2

M

155.8

156.1

156.3

156.3

1.8

.1

.0

2.2

.3

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 3/........

M
M
M

156.8
155.2
162.1

157.4
155.9
163.1

157.8
156.2
163.3

157.8
156.1
163.2

2.0
1.9
2.4

.3
.1
.1

.0
-.1
-.1

2.3
2.2
2.6

.6
.6
.7

.3
.2
.1

Size classes
A 4/ .................................
B 3/ .................................
C 3/ .................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

143.0
156.5
158.7
155.4

143.2
157.0
158.8
155.4

143.4
157.3
159.0
155.6

143.3
157.3
159.1
155.6

2.1
2.3
2.2
1.8

.1
.2
.2
.1

-.1
.0
.1
.0

2.3
2.6
2.3
2.1

.3
.5
.2
.1

.1
.2
.1
.1

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..

M
M
M

155.9
153.6
166.2

155.6
154.2
166.6

155.3
154.3
166.1

155.5
154.0
166.0

2.4
1.1
2.0

-.1
-.1
-.4

.1
-.2
-.1

2.5
1.2
2.4

-.4
.5
-.1

-.2
.1
-.3

M
M

164.9
155.0

165.3
156.2

165.1
156.7

165.2
156.8

2.4
2.5

-.1
.4

.1
.1

2.4
3.2

.1
1.1

-.1
.3

Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................

1
1
1
1
1
1

154.3
165.6
147.8
155.6
151.2
159.7

1.0
3.0
2.6
3.0
2.6
1.9

-1.0
-.7
.2
-.4
.1
.4

-

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................

2
2

-

-

Selected local areas

150.8
150.3

155.9
166.8
147.5
156.2
151.1
159.1
-

150.4
151.0

-

-

1.2
2.3

-

-.3
.5

-

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........
1/

2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
NOTE:

2
2

143.6
149.6

-

144.1
150.1

-

-

-

-

1.3
2.5

.3
.3

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current
Size Class B and Size Class C cities. There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly
basis starting in January, 1998. Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a
bi-monthly basis.
Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly
basis after December, 1997. Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each
January and July.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

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