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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-99-91
TRANSMISSION OF
MATERIAL IN THIS
RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Tuesday, April 13, 1999

MARCH 1999

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.3
percent in March, before seasonal adjustment, to a level of 165.0 (198284=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today. For the 12-month period ended in March, the CPI-U has
increased 1.7 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) rose 0.2 percent in March, prior to seasonal adjustment. The
March level of 161.4 was 1.7 percent higher than the index in March 1998.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent in March,
following increases of 0.1 percent in each of the preceding three months.
The food index, which increased 0.1 percent in February, declined 0.2
percent in March. The index for food at home fell 0.5 percent in March,
largely as a result of a 2.2 percent decline in the index for fruits and
vegetables. The energy index registered its first increase since last
October--advancing 1.6 percent in March. The index for petroleum-based
energy increased 3.5 percent, and the index for energy services increased
0.3 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U increased 0.1 percent
in March, the same as in each of the first two months of 1999.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1998
1999
3-mos. ended ended
Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.
Mar. '99 Mar. `99
All Items
.1
.2
.2
.1
.1
.1
.2
1.5
1.7
Food and beverages .0
.5
.2
.1
.4
.2 -.2
1.5
2.2
Housing
.2
.2
.3
.1 -.1
.1
.2
1.2
2.3
Apparel
-.6
.0 -.1 -.6 -1.1 -.2 -.3
-6.2
-1.6

Transportation
-.4
Medical care
.3
Recreation
.1
Education and
communication
.1
Other goods and
services
.9
Special Indexes
Energy
-1.2
Food
.1
All Items less
food and energy .2

.1
.2
-.2

-.1
.2
.1

-.4
.3
.1

-.1
.3
.4

-.1
.2
-.1

.7
.2
.0

1.7
3.3
1.2

-.6
3.5
.8

.1

.3

-.2

.3

.1

.0

1.6

.9

.3

-.3

4.2

2.0

-.1

-.6

5.0

9.0

.1
.5

-.3 -1.1
.1
.1

-.2
.5

.0
.1

1.6
-.2

5.8
1.7

-3.1
2.3

.1

.1

.1

.9

2.1

.2

.1

.3

For the first three months of 1999, the CPI-U advanced at a 1.5
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an
increase of 1.6 percent in all of 1998. While the overall rates of change
in these two periods were virtually the same, the composition was notably
different. The energy index, which decreased 8.8 percent in 1998,
increased at a 5.8 percent SAAR in the first three months of 1999.
Petroleum-based energy costs rose at a 12.6 percent SAAR, and charges for
energy services increased at a 1.0 percent annual rate. The food index
increased at a 1.7 percent SAAR thus far in 1999, following a 2.3 percent
rise in 1998. Grocery store food prices increased at a 0.5 percent SAAR
in the first 3 months, as increases in the indexes for dairy products, for
nonalcoholic beverages, and for cereal and bakery products more than
offset declines in the indexes for fruits and vegetables, for meats,
poultry, fish, and eggs, and for other food at home. The CPI-U excluding
food and energy advanced at a 0.9 percent SAAR in the first 3 months of
1999, following a 2.4 percent rise for all of 1998. Smaller increases in
the indexes for shelter and for cigarettes coupled with a larger decline
in the index for apparel were largely responsible for the deceleration.
The rates for selected groups for the last five and one-quarter years are
shown below.

All items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel
Transportation

1994
2.7
2.7
2.2
-1.6
3.8

Percentage change
12 months ended in December
ended in March
1995
1996
1997
1998
2.5
3.3
1.7
1.6
2.1
4.2
1.6
2.3
3.0
2.9
2.4
2.3
0.1
-0.2
1.0
-0.7
1.5
4.4
-1.4
-1.7

SAAR 3 months
1999
1.5
1.5
1.2
-6.2
1.7

Medical care
Recreation
Education and
communication
Other goods and
services

4.9
1.4

3.9
2.8

3.0
3.0

2.8
1.5

3.4
1.2

3.3
1.2

3.3

4.0

3.4

3.0

0.7

1.6

4.2

4.3

3.6

5.2

8.8

5.0

-1.3
-3.3
0.8
2.9
2.1

8.6
13.8
3.8
2.9
4.3

-3.4
-6.9
0.2
2.1
1.5

-8.8
-15.1
-3.3
2.4
2.3

5.8
12.6
1.0
0.9
1.7

3.0

2.6

2.2

2.4

0.9

Special indexes
Energy
2.2
Energy commodities 5.2
Energy services
-0.6
All items less energy 2.6
Food
2.9
All items less
food and energy
2.6

The food and beverages index declined 0.2 percent in March. The index
for food at home, which rose 0.1 percent in February, decreased 0.5
percent in March. The downturn was largely due to another decrease in the
index for fruits and vegetables--down 2.2 percent in March, following a
1.1 percent drop in February. In March, the index for fresh vegetables
fell 5.2 percent and the index for fresh fruits declined 0.8 percent. The
index for processed fruits and vegetables declined 0.2 percent. Declines
in the indexes for dairy products, for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, and
for other food at home also contributed to the March food decrease.
The
index for dairy products, which increased 9.5 percent in the 7-month
period ended in February, declined 0.5 percent in March, reflecting sharp
drops in the basic formula support prices. The index for meats, poultry,
fish, and eggs, which rose 0.9 percent in February, turned back down in
March, declining 0.2 percent. Prices for beef and veal, pork, and fish
and seafood each declined in March, while poultry prices rose 0.6 percent,
their first increase in five months.. Among the other major grocery store
food groups, the indexes for cereal and bakery products and for
nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.2 and 0.1 percent, respectively. The other
two components of the food and beverage index--food away from home and
alcoholic beverages--rose 0.2 percent and declined 0.1 percent,
respectively, in March.
The housing component rose 0.2 percent in March. Shelter costs,
which increased 0.2 percent in February, advanced 0.3 percent in March.
Within shelter, the indexes for rent and for owners' equivalent rent rose
0.2 and 0.1 percent, respectively, while the cost of lodging away from
home increased 1.8 percent. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, the cost of
lodging while away from home increased 3.6 percent in March and has

advanced 10.3 percent in the first three months of 1999.) The index for
fuels and utilities rose 0.2 percent in March. The index for household
fuels increased 0.3 percent, as increases in the indexes for fuel oil and
for electricity more than offset a 0.1 percent decline in the index for
natural gas. The indexes for fuel oil and for electricity increased 0.9
and 0.3 percent, respectively. The index for household furnishings and
operations declined 0.1 percent in March, reflecting discounting on home
furnishings.
The transportation component turned up in March, increasing 0.7
percent after registering declines in each of the preceding four months.
A sharp upturn in the index for motor fuels and another advance in airline
fares more than offset further declines in the prices for new and used
vehicles. The index for gasoline rose 3.7 percent in March, its largest
monthly advance since a 4.5 percent rise in August 1997. Despite the
March advance, gasoline prices have fallen 5.0 percent over the last 12
months and are 27.8 percent lower than their peak level in November 1990.
Public transportation costs increased 3.0 percent in March, reflecting a
4.7 percent rise in airline fares. In the four-month period ended in
March, airline fares have risen 10.2 percent. On the other hand, the
index for new vehicles fell 0.2 percent and the index for used cars and
trucks declined 0.6 percent in March.
The index for apparel declined for the fifth consecutive month, down
0.3 percent in March. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel prices rose
2.3 percent, reflecting further introduction of higher-priced springsummer wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in March to a level 3.5 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.4 percent.
The index for medical care services rose 0.2 percent. Charges for
physicians' services and for hospital services each increased 0.2 percent.
The index for recreation costs, which declined 0.1 percent in
February, was unchanged in March. A 0.5 percent decline in the index for
video and audio equipment and services offset small increases in most
other recreational goods and services.
The index for education and communication was unchanged in March.
Educational costs rose 0.4 percent, while the index for communication
declined 0.3 percent. Within the latter group, decreases in the indexes
for personal computers and peripheral equipment and for telephone services-down 3.5 and 0.2 percent, respectively--more than offset a 2.8 percent
increase in the index for delivery services.

The index for other goods and services declined 0.6 percent in March,
following a 0.1 percent decrease in February. The index for tobacco and
smoking products declined for the second consecutive month--down 3.5
percent in March--following increases totaling 39.6 percent in the 12month period ended in January. The recent declines reflect discounting of
selected major brands.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers increased 0.1 percent in March.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound
adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1998
1999
3-mos.
ended
ended
Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Mar.'99
Mar.'99
All Items
.1
.2
.2
.2
.2
.0
.1
1.2
1.7
Food and beverages .1
.4
.2
.1
.4
.1 -.2
1.5
2.2
Housing
.2
.2
.3
.2
.0
.1
.3
1.5
2.1
Apparel
-.3
.4 -.1 -.5 -1.1 -.4 -.4
-7.4
-1.4
Transportation
-.4
.2 -.1 -.5 -.1 -.4
.6
.6
-.7
Medical care
.3
.2
.2
.2
.3
.2
.3
3.3
3.5
Recreation
.1
-.3
.1
.1
.4 -.2 -.1
.4
.3
Education and
communication
.2
.1
.3 -.2
.3
.2
.0
2.0
1.0
Other goods and
services
1.3
.2 -.5 5.8 2.5 -.2 -1.0
5.0
11.5
Special Indexes
Energy
-1.1
.2 -.4 -1.3 -.1 -.2 2.0
7.1
-3.3
Food
.1
.4
.2
.0
.5
.1 -.2
1.7
2.2
All Items less
food and energy
.2
.1
.2
.4
.1
.0
.0
.5
2.1
Consumer Price Index data for April are scheduled for release on
Friday, May 14, 1999, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
CPI (Old Series)
For the first six months of 1999, BLS will also publish Old Series

CPI-U and Old Series CPI-W based on the former method of calculating the
elementary aggregates, that is, employing an arithmetic mean in all index
categories. These old series data are contained in tables 1 (LAS)-4
(LAS). From February to March, the Old Series CPI-U and the Old Series
CPI-W rose 0.3 and 0.2 percent, respectively. These series are not
seasonally adjusted. (The unadjusted CPI-U and CPI-W using the new method
of calculating the elementary aggregates also rose 0.3 and 0.2 percent,
respectively, in March.)
__________________________________________________________________________
Consumer Price Index Formula Changed
On April 16, 1998, the Bureau of Labor Statistics announced its
decision to use a new formula for calculating the basic components of the
Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Consumer
Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). This
change is effective with data for January 1999.
The new formula, the geometric mean estimator, will be used in index
categories that comprise approximately 61 percent of total consumer
spending represented by the CPI-U. The remaining index categories, which
are shown in the table below, will continue to be calculated as they have
been. Based upon BLS research, it is expected that planned use of the new
formula will reduce the annual rate of increase in the CPI by
approximately 0.2 percentage point per year.
The geometric mean estimator has been introduced in both the CPI-U
and the CPI-W effective with data for January 1999, in accord with the
past practice of introducing methodological changes at the beginning of a
calendar year. BLS will continue to publish "overlap" CPI-U and CPI-W
series using the former calculation method for the first six months of
1999. These indexes will not be published regularly for months subsequent
to June 1999, but will be available upon request.
Additional information on this change was published in the April 1998
CPI Detailed Report and is available on the Internet
(http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm). This information also may be obtained
by writing to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, 2 Massachusetts Ave., N.E., Room 3615, Washington, D.C.
20212 or by calling (202) 606-7000.
Arithmetic Mean (Laspeyres) Formula
1.

Selected shelter services:

A) Rent of primary

B) Owners' equivalent

C) Housing at school,

residence

2.

rent of primary
residence

excluding board

Selected utilities and government charges:

A) Electricity

C) Residential water and
sewerage maintenance

E) Telephone services,
local charges

B) Utility natural gas
service

D) State and local
registration, license,
and motor vehicle
property tax

F) Cable television

3.

Selected medical care services:

A) Physicians' services
B) Dental services

C) Eyeglasses and eye
care
D) Services by other
medical professionals

E) Hospital services
F) Nursing homes and
adult daycare

_______________________________________________________________________
A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes
seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each
month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy,
seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred since they
eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
same time and in about the same magnitude every year--such
as price movements resulting from changing climatic
conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays,
and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements
and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to

the Consumer Price Index unadjusted for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally
adjusted indexes are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal
Adjustment Method. The updated seasonal data at the end of
1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977. Subsequent
annual updates have replaced 5 years of seasonal data, e.g.,
data from 1994 through 1998 were replaced at the end of
1998. The seasonal movement of all items and 54 other
aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal movement
of 73 selected components. Each year the seasonal status of
every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. If any of the 73 components change their seasonal
adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used for the
last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes will be
used before that period.
Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index
levels, are subject to revision for up to five years after
their original release. For this reason, BLS advises
against the use of these data in escalation agreements.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors
for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention
Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.
Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme values
and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal
pattern are estimated and removed from the data prior to
calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the
calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA
software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment.
For the fuel oil and the motor fuels indexes, this
procedure was used to offset the effects that extreme price
volatility would otherwise have had on the estimates of
seasonally adjusted data for those series. For some women's
apparel indexes and the girls' apparel index, the procedure
was used to offset the effects of changes in pricing
methodology. For the tobacco and smoking products index,
this procedure was used to offset the effects wholesale
tobacco prices and legal fees passed on to consumers. For

some alcoholic beverage series, Intervention Analysis
Seasonal Adjustment was used to offset the effects of excise
tax increases. For the Nonalcoholic beverages index, the
procedure was used to offset the effects of a large increase
in coffee prices due to adverse weather. The procedure was
used to account for unusual butter fat supply reductions
affecting the Fats and oils series. For the Water and
sewerage maintenance index, the procedure was used to
account for a data collection anomaly.
A description of Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment, as well as a list of unusual events modeled and
seasonal factors for these items may be obtained by writing
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or by calling Claire
McAnaw Gallagher on (202) 606-6968 or sending e-mail to
Gallagher_C@BLS.GOV.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity
and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
Mar. 1999 fromFeb.
1999

Mar.
1999

Mar.
1998

Feb.
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromDec. to Jan. to Feb. to
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

164.5
492.9

165.0
494.4

1.7
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............

16.408
15.422
9.691
1.544

163.8
163.3
163.8
183.8

163.7
163.3
163.4
183.5

2.2
2.3
2.0
2.2

-0.1
0.0
-0.2
-0.2

0.4
0.5
0.5
0.8

0.2
0.1
0.1
-0.4

-0.2
-0.2
-0.5
0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

2.569
1.088
1.440

147.0
162.3
200.3

146.8
161.5
199.9

-0.3
8.8
1.9

-0.1
-0.5
-0.2

-0.8
2.3
2.2

0.9
0.7
-1.1

-0.2
-0.5
-2.2

1.049
2.002
.377
.309
1.316
.320
5.730
.175
.986

134.5
153.3
151.3
150.9
168.2
105.9
163.8
103.7
168.6

134.5
152.9
151.0
149.4
168.1
104.9
164.2
103.7
168.4

0.2
2.3
0.1
5.1
2.3
3.3
2.7
3.4
2.0

0.0
-0.3
-0.2
-1.0
-0.1
-0.9
0.2
0.0
-0.1

0.5
-0.2
-0.1
-2.0
0.1
-0.8
0.3
0.2
0.1

0.2
0.1
-0.1
0.2
0.2
1.7
0.2
0.2
0.4

0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.9
0.0
-0.9
0.2
0.0
-0.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Household furnishings and operations ......

39.828
30.283
7.007
2.376

162.3
185.5
175.6
110.5

162.8
186.3
176.0
114.5

2.3
3.0
3.3
3.0

0.3
0.4
0.2
3.6

-0.1
0.0
0.2
-1.8

0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.5

0.2
0.3
0.2
1.8

20.529
.371
4.735
3.801
.227
3.574
4.810

191.3
100.1
126.0
110.6
86.2
118.0
126.7

191.5
100.2
125.9
110.5
86.2
117.9
126.7

3.0
-0.1
-0.9
-1.8
-8.7
-1.3
0.3

0.1
0.1
-0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.1
0.0

0.1
-0.2
-0.2
-0.4
-0.1
-0.4
0.0

0.3
0.4
0.2
0.3
-1.4
0.4
-0.2

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
1.0
0.3
-0.1

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

4.831
1.358
1.939
.272
.876

129.7
129.9
120.6
126.4
124.8

132.7
131.4
126.3
125.6
126.4

-1.6
-1.6
-2.8
1.0
-0.1

2.3
1.2
4.7
-0.6
1.3

-1.1
-0.5
-1.9
0.3
-0.9

-0.2
0.6
-0.4
-2.8
-1.3

-0.3
-0.8
0.4
-0.6
0.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

16.999
15.653
7.843
4.983
1.914
2.493
2.476
.549
1.624
1.346

139.8
135.9
99.9
143.8
148.3
83.6
83.1
100.9
170.4
193.1

140.6
136.4
99.6
143.4
147.4
86.3
85.8
100.1
170.6
198.8

-0.6
-0.8
-0.5
-0.7
0.1
-5.1
-5.0
-1.1
3.0
2.6

0.6
0.4
-0.3
-0.3
-0.6
3.2
3.2
-0.8
0.1
3.0

-0.1
-0.2
-0.4
0.1
-1.6
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.1
1.1

-0.1
-0.3
-0.7
-0.3
-1.5
-0.3
-0.5
-0.4
0.2
1.4

0.7
0.5
-0.2
-0.2
-0.6
3.6
3.7
-0.6
0.2
3.0

Medical care ...............................

5.713

247.7

248.3

3.5

0.2

0.3

0.2

0.2

Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

1.252
4.461
2.854
1.354

226.8
252.6
226.8
296.2

227.7
253.1
227.4
296.6

4.2
3.4
3.2
4.0

0.4
0.2
0.3
0.1

0.0
0.4
0.3
0.6

0.2
0.3
0.1
0.5

0.4
0.2
0.3
0.3

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

6.120
1.748

101.8
101.6

101.8
101.2

0.8
-0.2

0.0
-0.4

0.4
0.4

-0.1
-0.5

0.0
-0.5

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

5.478
2.694
.203
2.492
2.783

100.9
105.3
261.3
303.3
96.9

100.8
105.4
261.4
303.5
96.6

0.9
4.9
5.6
4.8
-2.7

-0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
-0.3

0.3
0.3
-0.7
0.4
0.2

0.1
0.8
1.2
0.7
-0.4

0.0
0.4
0.3
0.4
-0.3

2.580
2.327

96.5
100.4

96.1
100.2

-3.2
-0.2

-0.4
-0.2

0.0
0.4

-0.4
-0.3

-0.4
-0.2

.253

33.3

32.4

-25.3

-2.7

-2.9

-1.5

-2.7

.148

59.7

57.6

-35.1

-3.5

-4.4

-2.8

-3.5

4.624
1.159
3.465
.742
.973
1.491

255.0
348.7
159.4
149.8
169.3
240.6

253.3
335.9
160.0
150.8
169.9
241.1

9.0
32.2
2.9
2.4
3.2
3.6

-0.7
-3.7
0.4
0.7
0.4
0.2

2.0
6.6
0.4
0.8
0.3
0.3

-0.1
-1.4
0.3
-0.1
0.3
0.4

-0.6
-3.5
0.4
0.7
0.4
0.1

42.109
16.408
25.702
14.345
4.831

142.2
163.8
129.6
131.9
129.7

142.6
163.7
130.2
133.2
132.7

0.8
2.2
-0.2
0.8
-1.6

0.3
-0.1
0.5
1.0
2.3

0.2
0.4
0.1
0.2
-1.1

-0.2
0.2
-0.4
-0.2
-0.2

-0.1
-0.2
0.0
0.3
-0.3

9.514
11.356
57.891
29.912
6.963
10.768

138.0
126.4
186.9
193.1
189.3
221.1

138.5
126.0
187.6
193.9
190.7
221.3

2.1
-1.6
2.6
3.1
1.2
2.9

0.4
-0.3
0.4
0.4
0.7
0.1

0.9
-0.3
0.1
0.0
0.2
0.5

-0.4
-0.6
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.2

0.7
-0.2
0.3
0.4
0.8
0.1

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........
Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Transportation services ....................
Other services .............................
Special indexes

All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

84.578
69.717
94.287
26.688
15.331
10.500
30.753
27.979
53.429
6.294
93.706
78.284

164.7
158.1
160.0
131.1
134.0
140.0
147.9
193.8
180.9
97.3
173.2
175.7

165.3
158.5
160.5
131.7
135.3
140.5
148.5
194.2
181.5
98.4
173.7
176.2

1.7
1.3
1.7
-0.1
0.9
2.2
1.6
1.9
2.4
-3.1
2.1
2.1

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.5
1.0
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.3
1.1
0.3
0.3

0.1
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.9
0.3
0.1
0.0
-0.2
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.4
-0.3
-0.4
-0.1
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.1

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.7
0.2
0.3
0.3
1.6
0.1
0.1

23.967
2.720
54.316
-

143.7
83.9
194.0
$ .608

143.9
86.4
194.7
$ .606

0.6
-5.4
2.8
-

0.1
3.0
0.4
-

0.0
0.0
0.2
-

-0.4
-0.5
0.2
-

-0.3
3.5
0.3
-

-

$ .203

$ .202

-

-

-

-

-

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-U

3 months ended-Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

Mar.
1999

June
1998

Sep.
1998

Dec.
1998

Mar.
1999

6 months
ended-Sep.
1998

Mar.
1999

Expenditure category
All items ...................................

164.4

164.6

164.7

165.0

2.2

1.5

2.0

1.5

1.9

1.7

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

162.8
162.5
162.7
182.9
146.7
157.6
200.4

163.5
163.3
163.5
184.4
145.5
161.2
204.8

163.8
163.5
163.7
183.6
146.8
162.3
202.6

163.4
163.2
162.9
183.9
146.5
161.5
198.1

2.3
2.3
2.3
2.5
-0.3
-0.8
12.5

2.3
2.5
1.8
2.0
0.3
13.6
-6.4

3.0
2.8
3.5
2.0
-0.5
12.9
8.2

1.5
1.7
0.5
2.2
-0.5
10.3
-4.5

2.3
2.4
2.0
2.2
0.0
6.2
2.6

2.2
2.2
2.0
2.1
-0.5
11.6
1.6

132.8
153.2
151.3
153.2
167.4
104.9
163.0
103.3
167.5

133.4
152.9
151.1
150.2
167.6
104.1
163.5
103.5
167.6

133.7
153.1
151.0
150.5
167.9
105.9
163.8
103.7
168.3

133.9
152.8
150.6
149.1
167.9
104.9
164.2
103.7
168.1

-1.8
2.7
-0.5
3.4
3.2
4.0
2.0
2.8
1.5

-2.1
6.0
1.1
29.0
2.7
4.4
3.5
6.9
2.4

1.8
1.8
1.9
1.8
2.2
5.1
2.2
2.4
2.7

3.4
-1.0
-1.8
-10.3
1.2
0.0
3.0
1.6
1.4

-1.9
4.3
0.3
15.5
2.9
4.2
2.8
4.8
2.0

2.6
0.4
0.0
-4.4
1.7
2.5
2.6
2.0
2.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Household furnishings and operations ......

162.0
184.6
174.9
103.8

161.9
184.6
175.3
101.9

162.1
184.9
175.6
101.4

162.5
185.4
176.0
103.2

2.8
3.6
3.6
6.5

2.3
3.6
3.5
8.1

2.5
3.1
3.7
0.0

1.2
1.7
2.5
-2.3

2.5
3.6
3.6
7.3

1.9
2.4
3.1
-1.2

190.6
99.9
127.0
111.2
84.9
119.1
127.0

190.8
99.7
126.8
110.8
84.8
118.6
127.0

191.3
100.1
127.1
111.1
83.6
119.1
126.7

191.5
100.2
127.4
111.4
84.4
119.4
126.6

3.5
-4.7
-0.9
-1.8
-7.6
-1.3
1.3

3.2
0.4
-4.0
-5.2
-9.8
-4.9
-0.3

3.2
2.9
-0.3
-0.7
-14.1
0.0
1.9

1.9
1.2
1.3
0.7
-2.3
1.0
-1.3

3.4
-2.2
-2.5
-3.5
-8.7
-3.1
0.5

2.6
2.0
0.5
0.0
-8.4
0.5
0.3

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

132.3
131.0
124.6
129.6
128.2

130.8
130.3
122.2
130.0
127.1

130.6
131.1
121.7
126.4
125.5

130.2
130.1
122.2
125.6
126.4

1.8
-1.5
3.5
1.0
5.5

0.3
-2.7
1.9
0.6
1.3

-2.7
0.3
-8.2
15.9
-1.2

-6.2
-2.7
-7.5
-11.8
-5.5

1.1
-2.1
2.7
0.8
3.3

-4.5
-1.2
-7.9
1.1
-3.4

Transportation .............................

140.6

140.4

140.2

141.2

-1.4

-0.8

-1.4

1.7

-1.1

0.1

Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

137.1
100.9
143.4
153.1
86.4
85.9
101.1
169.6
188.4

136.8
100.5
143.5
150.6
86.4
86.0
101.0
169.8
190.4

136.4
99.8
143.0
148.3
86.1
85.6
100.6
170.2
193.1

137.1
99.6
142.7
147.4
89.2
88.8
100.0
170.6
198.8

-0.6
0.4
-2.5
10.1
-6.2
-6.7
0.4
2.4
-10.9

-1.4
2.4
2.5
2.7
-13.9
-14.0
0.0
3.4
4.3

-1.2
0.8
-0.6
3.2
-11.6
-11.2
-0.4
3.6
-3.7

0.0
-5.1
-1.9
-14.1
13.6
14.2
-4.3
2.4
24.0

-1.0
1.4
0.0
6.3
-10.2
-10.4
0.2
2.9
-3.6

-0.6
-2.2
-1.2
-5.8
0.2
0.7
-2.4
3.0
9.2

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

246.1
226.1
250.3
225.4
291.7

246.9
226.2
251.3
226.1
293.5

247.5
226.6
252.1
226.4
295.0

248.1
227.5
252.6
227.0
296.0

4.1
6.0
3.6
4.2
3.0

3.9
5.3
3.5
2.9
4.0

2.8
3.1
2.6
2.7
2.9

3.3
2.5
3.7
2.9
6.0

4.0
5.7
3.5
3.6
3.5

3.1
2.8
3.2
2.8
4.5

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

101.2
101.3

101.6
101.7

101.5
101.2

101.5
100.7

1.2
0.8

0.8
2.0

0.0
-1.2

1.2
-2.3

1.0
1.4

0.6
-1.8

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

100.7
104.7
258.2
300.0
97.1

101.0
105.0
256.4
301.2
97.3

101.1
105.8
259.4
303.3
96.9

101.1
106.2
260.3
304.4
96.6

2.4
5.2
5.6
5.1
0.4

-1.2
4.0
5.6
3.7
-5.9

0.8
4.7
8.0
4.5
-3.2

1.6
5.9
3.3
6.0
-2.0

0.6
4.6
5.6
4.4
-2.8

1.2
5.3
5.6
5.3
-2.6

96.9
100.3

96.9
100.7

96.5
100.4

96.1
100.2

0.0
4.0

-6.3
-2.7

-3.2
-1.6

-3.3
-0.4

-3.2
0.6

-3.2
-1.0

34.8

33.8

33.3

32.4

-23.4

-33.2

-19.2

-24.9

-28.5

-22.1

64.2

61.4

59.7

57.6

-33.8

-46.2

-22.8

-35.2

-40.4

-29.3

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

251.0
331.9
158.3
148.7
168.3
238.8

255.9
353.9
158.9
149.9
168.8
239.4

255.6
349.0
159.4
149.8
169.3
240.4

254.1
336.9
160.0
150.8
169.9
240.7

7.2
22.8
3.4
5.3
1.5
3.3

6.6
25.4
1.8
-0.3
4.4
3.6

17.7
87.1
2.0
-1.1
2.9
4.1

5.0
6.2
4.4
5.8
3.9
3.2

6.9
24.1
2.6
2.5
2.9
3.5

11.2
40.9
3.2
2.3
3.4
3.7

142.5
162.8
130.5
132.8

142.8
163.5
130.6
133.0

142.5
163.8
130.1
132.7

142.4
163.4
130.1
133.1

1.1
2.3
0.6
2.1

0.6
2.3
-0.6
-0.9

1.4
3.0
0.3
1.2

-0.3
1.5
-1.2
0.9

0.9
2.3
0.0
0.6

0.6
2.2
-0.5
1.1

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......

Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Transportation services ....................
Other services .............................

132.3

130.8

130.6

130.2

1.8

0.3

-2.7

-6.2

1.1

-4.5

138.0
127.2
186.3
192.5
188.1
219.8

139.3
126.8
186.5
192.5
188.4
220.8

138.7
126.0
186.9
192.7
189.1
221.3

139.7
125.7
187.5
193.4
190.6
221.6

2.1
-0.9
2.7
3.9
-2.1
3.6

-1.2
0.0
2.4
3.9
0.9
2.2

3.0
-0.6
2.4
3.0
0.6
2.2

5.0
-4.6
2.6
1.9
5.4
3.3

0.4
-0.5
2.5
3.9
-0.6
2.9

4.0
-2.7
2.5
2.4
3.0
2.8

164.6
158.0
159.7
132.2
134.9
139.9
147.8
193.3
180.5
99.0
173.0
175.6

164.7
158.4
159.9
132.2
135.1
141.1
148.3
193.5
180.5
98.8
173.2
175.7

164.8
158.4
159.9
131.7
134.7
140.5
148.2
193.8
180.9
98.8
173.3
175.8

165.2
158.5
160.2
131.8
135.2
141.5
148.5
194.4
181.4
100.4
173.4
176.0

2.0
1.3
1.8
0.3
1.8
2.3
2.5
2.3
3.0
-3.4
2.6
2.6

1.5
0.8
1.5
-0.3
-0.3
-1.1
0.3
1.3
2.3
-9.0
2.4
2.3

1.7
1.5
2.0
0.6
1.2
3.2
1.9
1.9
2.7
-5.1
2.6
2.5

1.5
1.3
1.3
-1.2
0.9
4.7
1.9
2.3
2.0
5.8
0.9
0.9

1.7
1.0
1.7
0.0
0.7
0.6
1.4
1.8
2.6
-6.3
2.5
2.5

1.6
1.4
1.6
-0.3
1.0
3.9
1.9
2.1
2.4
0.2
1.8
1.7

144.4
86.2
193.1

144.4
86.2
193.4

143.8
85.8
193.8

143.3
88.8
194.4

1.7
-6.2
2.8

1.1
-13.6
3.0

2.5
-12.0
2.5

-3.0
12.6
2.7

1.4
-10.0
2.9

-0.3
-0.4
2.6

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items
Prici-

Indexes

Percent change to

Percent change to

CPI-U

ng
schedule
(1)

Mar.1999 from-Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

Mar.
1999

M

163.9

164.3

164.5

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

171.2
172.2
102.5

171.4
172.5
102.6

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

159.8
161.0
102.3

M

U.S. city average ...........................

Feb.1999 from--

Mar.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

Feb.
1998

Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

165.0

1.7

0.4

0.3

1.6

0.4

0.1

171.6
172.4
103.0

171.9
172.8
103.2

1.5
1.5
1.5

0.3
0.2
0.6

0.2
0.2
0.2

1.5
1.4
1.6

0.2
0.1
0.5

0.1
-0.1
0.4

160.4
161.6
102.6

160.5
161.8
102.6

161.0
162.4
103.0

1.6
1.8
1.4

0.4
0.5
0.4

0.3
0.4
0.4

1.6
1.8
1.0

0.4
0.5
0.3

0.1
0.1
0.0

155.0

155.5

155.6

155.7

1.8

0.1

0.1

1.9

0.4

0.1

Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

159.6
158.3
102.8

159.9
158.9
102.9

160.0
158.9
103.0

160.6
159.7
103.3

1.5
1.6
1.5

0.4
0.5
0.4

0.4
0.5
0.3

1.4
1.4
1.4

0.3
0.4
0.2

0.1
0.0
0.1

M

160.4

160.8

160.9

161.5

2.0

0.4

0.4

1.9

0.3

0.1

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

165.8
166.5
103.4

166.4
167.3
103.6

166.9
167.8
103.8

167.3
168.2
104.1

2.4
2.7
1.8

0.5
0.5
0.5

0.2
0.2
0.3

2.3
2.6
1.5

0.7
0.8
0.4

0.3
0.3
0.2

M
M
M

148.4
102.7
160.2

148.9
102.9
160.6

149.0
103.0
160.7

149.5
103.3
161.1

2.0
1.5
1.9

0.4
0.4
0.3

0.3
0.3
0.2

1.8
1.3
1.8

0.4
0.3
0.3

0.1
0.1
0.1

M
M

165.1
163.5

166.1
164.2

166.4
164.6

167.0
165.0

1.8
2.2

0.5
0.5

0.4
0.2

2.0
2.2

0.8
0.7

0.2
0.2

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,

NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M

174.7

175.0

175.1

175.5

1.4

0.3

0.2

1.4

0.2

0.1

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

-

174.1
160.6
155.0
102.8

-

174.8
161.2
156.4
103.2

2.0
1.6
2.2
1.6

0.4
0.4
0.9
0.4

-

-

-

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

161.6
161.2
146.1
161.1

-

161.9
161.2
146.6
161.4

-

-

-

-

1.5
1.7
0.3
0.7

0.2
0.0
0.3
0.2

-

2
2
2

169.0
167.4
169.4

-

168.6
169.4
170.6

-

-

-

-

1.0
3.8
2.5

-0.2
1.2
0.7

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Expenditure category

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
Mar. 1999 fromFeb.
1999

Mar.
1999

Mar.
1998

Feb.
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromDec. to Jan. to Feb. to
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.

All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

161.1
479.8

161.4
480.9

1.7
-

0.2
-

0.2
-

0.0
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

18.011
16.966
10.832
1.689
3.055
1.193
1.492

163.0
162.6
162.6
183.5
146.7
162.2
199.3

162.9
162.6
162.3
183.2
146.4
161.5
198.7

2.2
2.2
1.9
2.2
-0.3
9.0
2.0

-0.1
0.0
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.4
-0.3

0.4
0.5
0.6
0.8
-0.8
2.4
2.6

0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.4
1.0
0.7
-1.4

-0.2
-0.2
-0.4
0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-2.2

1.184
2.220
.420
.354
1.446
.355
6.133
.216
1.045

133.4
152.6
151.3
150.6
168.1
105.9
163.8
103.7
167.6

133.6
152.3
151.1
148.9
168.0
105.0
164.1
103.8
167.3

0.4
2.3
0.1
4.9
2.3
3.1
2.6
3.5
2.0

0.1
-0.2
-0.1
-1.1
-0.1
-0.8
0.2
0.1
-0.2

0.6
-0.2
-0.1
-1.8
0.2
-0.7
0.3
0.2
0.1

0.2
0.1
-0.2
0.2
0.2
1.6
0.2
0.1
0.5

0.2
-0.2
-0.1
-1.1
0.0
-0.8
0.2
0.1
-0.4

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Household furnishings and operations ......

36.685
27.496
8.500
1.379

158.4
179.9
175.3
110.3

158.8
180.5
175.6
114.2

2.1
3.0
3.3
3.1

0.3
0.3
0.2
3.5

0.0
0.1
0.2
-2.1

0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.5

0.3
0.3
0.2
1.6

17.296
.320
4.850
3.928
.201
3.727
4.339

174.2
100.4
125.8
110.2
86.8
117.5
124.8

174.5
100.6
125.8
110.0
86.8
117.3
124.9

2.9
0.1
-0.9
-1.7
-8.1
-1.3
-0.1

0.2
0.2
0.0
-0.2
0.0
-0.2
0.1

0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.3
0.0
-0.3
-0.1

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.1
-1.4
0.2
-0.3

0.2
0.2
0.4
0.5
1.1
0.4
-0.2

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

5.199
1.474
1.948
.344
1.057

128.5
129.9
118.8
127.2
125.4

131.1
131.6
123.9
126.5
126.8

-1.4
-0.9
-2.7
1.6
-0.2

2.0
1.3
4.3
-0.6
1.1

-1.1
-0.7
-1.9
-0.1
-0.9

-0.4
0.8
-0.9
-2.8
-1.2

-0.4
-0.5
0.0
-0.6
0.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................

19.166
18.109
9.250
5.224

138.3
135.6
99.9
145.0

139.1
136.2
99.5
144.5

-0.7
-0.9
-0.5
-0.8

0.6
0.4
-0.4
-0.3

-0.1
-0.2
-0.5
0.1

-0.4
-0.5
-0.9
-0.5

0.6
0.6
-0.2
-0.2

Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

3.216
3.066
3.045
.682
1.690
1.056

149.6
83.5
83.0
100.5
171.8
189.1

148.7
86.4
85.9
99.8
172.0
194.1

-0.1
-5.1
-5.1
-0.9
3.2
2.1

-0.6
3.5
3.5
-0.7
0.1
2.6

-1.6
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.9

-1.4
-0.6
-0.5
-0.2
0.2
1.2

-0.6
4.0
3.9
-0.5
0.2
2.6

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

4.672
.926
3.746
2.415
1.114

246.9
223.2
252.3
228.3
292.4

247.5
223.9
252.8
228.9
292.8

3.5
3.9
3.4
3.2
4.1

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.1

0.3
0.0
0.4
0.3
0.8

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.4

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

5.925
1.951

101.3
101.4

101.3
101.0

0.3
-0.4

0.0
-0.4

0.4
0.4

-0.2
-0.6

-0.1
-0.5

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

5.361
2.478
.200
2.278
2.883

101.2
105.5
263.9
297.8
97.7

101.0
105.6
264.0
298.0
97.4

1.0
5.1
5.6
5.0
-2.1

-0.2
0.1
0.0
0.1
-0.3

0.3
0.4
-0.6
0.4
0.3

0.2
0.8
1.2
0.8
-0.4

0.0
0.4
0.3
0.4
-0.3

2.733
2.519

97.4
100.5

97.1
100.4

-2.4
0.0

-0.3
-0.1

0.1
0.4

-0.4
-0.3

-0.3
-0.1

.213

34.4

33.5

-25.2

-2.6

-2.8

-1.7

-2.6

.120

59.3

56.9

-35.6

-4.0

-4.5

-2.9

-4.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.981
1.694
3.287
.838
.975
1.253

258.3
348.9
159.6
150.8
169.6
240.8

255.6
336.0
160.3
151.6
170.2
241.4

11.5
32.4
3.1
2.3
3.2
4.2

-1.0
-3.7
0.4
0.5
0.4
0.2

2.5
6.4
0.5
0.7
0.3
0.5

-0.2
-1.3
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.4

-1.0
-3.5
0.4
0.5
0.4
0.2

46.764
18.011
28.753
15.564
5.199

142.2
163.0
129.9
131.8
128.5

142.5
162.9
130.3
133.1
131.1

1.0
2.2
0.2
1.4
-1.4

0.2
-0.1
0.3
1.0
2.0

0.2
0.4
0.1
0.4
-1.1

-0.3
0.1
-0.5
-0.5
-0.4

-0.1
-0.2
0.0
0.5
-0.4

10.365

138.2

138.7

2.9

0.4

1.2

-0.5

0.7

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................

Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Transportation services ....................
Other services .............................

13.189
53.236
27.175
6.800
10.144

126.1
183.5
173.2
186.8
217.7

125.7
184.0
173.8
187.8
217.8

-1.4
2.4
3.1
1.1
2.8

-0.3
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.0

-0.4
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.5

-0.7
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

-0.3
0.3
0.2
0.6
0.2

83.034
72.504
95.328
29.798
16.609
11.410
33.575
26.061
49.490
6.994
93.006
76.040

160.6
155.8
157.1
131.3
134.0
140.0
147.7
172.3
177.8
96.1
170.0
171.9

161.1
156.1
157.5
131.8
135.1
140.5
148.3
172.6
178.2
97.5
170.2
172.2

1.6
1.2
1.7
0.2
1.4
2.9
1.9
1.8
2.4
-3.3
2.1
2.1

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.8
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
1.5
0.1
0.2

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.9
0.3
0.1
0.1
-0.1
0.2
0.1

-0.1
-0.1
-0.1
-0.5
-0.5
-0.4
-0.1
0.1
0.2
-0.2
0.0
0.0

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.6
0.2
0.3
0.2
2.0
-0.1
0.0

26.531
3.267
49.509
-

143.7
83.8
190.9
$ .621

143.7
86.6
191.5
$ .619

1.0
-5.3
2.7
-

0.0
3.3
0.3
-

0.0
0.2
0.2
-

-0.5
-0.7
0.2
-

-0.5
3.7
0.3
-

-

$ .208

$ .208

-

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city
average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-W

3 months ended-Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

Mar.
1999

All items ...................................

161.0

161.3

161.3

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

162.2
161.7
161.5
182.6
146.2
157.4
199.9

162.9
162.5
162.4
184.0
145.1
161.1
205.0

131.5
152.5
151.3
152.6
167.2
104.9
163.0
103.4
166.5

6 months
ended--

June
1998

Sep.
1998

Dec.
1998

Mar.
1999

Sep.
1998

Mar.
1999

161.5

2.0

1.5

2.3

1.2

1.8

1.8

163.1
162.7
162.6
183.3
146.5
162.2
202.1

162.8
162.4
161.9
183.6
146.1
161.5
197.7

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.5
-0.3
-1.1
12.8

2.5
2.5
2.0
2.7
0.3
13.9
-6.7

2.8
2.5
2.8
1.3
-1.1
13.2
8.4

1.5
1.7
1.0
2.2
-0.3
10.8
-4.3

2.3
2.3
2.0
2.6
0.0
6.2
2.6

2.1
2.1
1.9
1.8
-0.7
12.0
1.8

132.3
152.2
151.2
149.8
167.5
104.2
163.5
103.6
166.7

132.5
152.4
150.9
150.1
167.8
105.9
163.8
103.7
167.5

132.8
152.1
150.7
148.5
167.8
105.0
164.1
103.8
166.9

-1.8
2.7
-1.1
4.3
3.2
2.8
2.3
2.8
1.5

-2.1
5.7
1.1
27.3
2.7
4.8
3.0
7.3
2.7

1.5
1.9
2.1
1.9
1.7
4.7
2.5
2.4
2.9

4.0
-1.0
-1.6
-10.3
1.4
0.4
2.7
1.6
1.0

-2.0
4.2
0.0
15.2
2.9
3.8
2.6
5.0
2.1

2.8
0.4
0.3
-4.4
1.6
2.5
2.6
2.0
1.9

158.2
179.2
174.5
104.1

158.2
179.3
174.9
101.9

158.4
179.7
175.3
101.4

158.8
180.2
175.6
103.0

2.3
3.5
3.3
6.6

2.1
3.2
3.5
6.9

2.6
3.2
3.8
3.5

1.5
2.3
2.5
-4.2

2.2
3.3
3.4
6.7

2.0
2.7
3.1
-0.4

173.5
100.3
126.8
110.6
85.3
118.4
125.3

173.8
100.1
126.5
110.3
85.3
118.1
125.2

174.2
100.4
126.7
110.4
84.1
118.3
124.8

174.6
100.6
127.2
110.9
85.0
118.8
124.6

3.3
-4.7
-0.9
-1.8
-5.9
-1.3
0.6

3.1
0.4
-4.0
-5.2
-10.5
-5.2
-0.3

2.8
3.7
0.0
-0.7
-13.7
0.0
1.3

2.6
1.2
1.3
1.1
-1.4
1.4
-2.2

3.2
-2.2
-2.5
-3.5
-8.3
-3.3
0.2

2.7
2.4
0.6
0.2
-7.8
0.7
-0.5

Expenditure category

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Household furnishings and operations ......

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

131.4
130.9
123.5
130.9
128.8

129.9
130.0
121.1
130.8
127.7

129.4
131.1
120.0
127.2
126.2

128.9
130.5
120.0
126.5
126.8

2.2
-0.6
3.0
2.9
5.5

0.6
-3.6
3.6
1.3
1.6

-0.6
1.9
-5.6
17.2
-1.5

-7.4
-1.2
-10.9
-12.8
-6.1

1.4
-2.1
3.3
2.1
3.5

-4.1
0.3
-8.3
1.1
-3.8

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

139.4
137.0
101.1
144.7
154.3
86.3
85.8
100.4
170.9
185.1

139.2
136.7
100.6
144.8
151.8
86.5
86.0
100.4
171.2
186.8

138.7
136.0
99.7
144.1
149.6
86.0
85.6
100.2
171.6
189.1

139.6
136.8
99.5
143.8
148.7
89.4
88.9
99.7
172.0
194.1

-0.6
-0.3
1.2
-2.7
9.7
-5.4
-6.3
-0.4
2.7
-9.5

-1.7
-1.7
2.0
2.2
2.4
-15.0
-14.7
0.0
3.6
2.2

-1.4
-1.2
1.2
0.0
2.9
-12.0
-12.1
-0.4
3.8
-3.0

0.6
-0.6
-6.2
-2.5
-13.7
15.2
15.3
-2.8
2.6
20.9

-1.1
-1.0
1.6
-0.3
6.0
-10.3
-10.6
-0.2
3.1
-3.9

-0.4
-0.9
-2.6
-1.2
-5.8
0.7
0.7
-1.6
3.2
8.3

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

245.2
222.6
250.1
227.0
287.6

245.9
222.6
251.0
227.7
289.9

246.4
223.0
251.5
228.0
291.2

247.2
223.6
252.3
228.5
292.2

4.3
5.9
4.0
4.4
3.0

3.7
5.4
3.3
3.1
3.9

2.7
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7

3.3
1.8
3.6
2.7
6.6

4.0
5.7
3.6
3.7
3.4

3.0
2.2
3.1
2.7
4.6

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

100.8
101.2

101.2
101.6

101.0
101.0

100.9
100.5

0.4
0.4

0.8
2.0

-0.4
-1.2

0.4
-2.7

0.6
1.2

0.0
-2.0

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

100.9
104.7
260.5
294.2
97.8

101.2
105.1
259.0
295.5
98.1

101.4
105.9
262.1
297.8
97.7

101.4
106.3
263.0
298.9
97.4

2.8
5.2
5.1
4.9
1.2

-1.2
4.0
5.2
3.9
-5.1

0.8
4.7
8.2
4.6
-2.8

2.0
6.3
3.9
6.5
-1.6

0.8
4.6
5.1
4.4
-2.0

1.4
5.5
6.0
5.6
-2.2

97.7
100.4

97.8
100.8

97.4
100.5

97.1
100.4

1.2
4.0

-5.5
-2.3

-2.8
-1.6

-2.4
0.0

-2.2
0.8

-2.6
-0.8

36.0

35.0

34.4

33.5

-24.2

-30.2

-21.1

-25.0

-27.3

-23.1

64.0

61.1

59.3

56.9

-34.3

-43.3

-26.0

-37.5

-38.9

-32.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................

253.0
332.6
158.3
149.6
168.6

259.3
353.8
159.1
150.7
169.1

258.7
349.3
159.6
150.8
169.6

256.1
337.0
160.3
151.6
170.2

8.8
22.6
3.4
5.8
1.7

9.2
26.5
2.3
-0.5
4.4

23.9
88.1
1.5
-1.3
2.9

5.0
5.4
5.2
5.5
3.9

9.0
24.5
2.8
2.6
3.1

14.1
40.8
3.3
2.0
3.4

Miscellaneous personal services ..........

238.4

239.5

240.4

240.9

3.5

4.7

4.1

4.3

4.1

4.2

142.6
162.2
130.9
132.8
131.4

142.9
162.9
131.0
133.3
129.9

142.5
163.1
130.3
132.6
129.4

142.4
162.8
130.3
133.2
128.9

1.4
2.0
0.9
2.1
2.2

0.6
2.5
-0.6
-0.3
0.6

2.3
2.8
1.9
2.8
-0.6

-0.6
1.5
-1.8
1.2
-7.4

1.0
2.3
0.2
0.9
1.4

0.8
2.1
0.0
2.0
-4.1

138.2
127.2
182.9
172.8
185.7
216.4

139.8
126.7
183.1
172.8
185.9
217.4

139.1
125.8
183.5
173.1
186.5
217.8

140.1
125.4
184.1
173.5
187.7
218.2

2.4
-0.3
2.7
3.9
-1.1
3.8

-1.5
0.3
2.0
3.3
0.2
2.1

5.4
-0.3
2.4
3.5
0.9
2.1

5.6
-5.5
2.7
1.6
4.4
3.4

0.4
0.0
2.4
3.6
-0.4
2.9

5.5
-3.0
2.5
2.6
2.6
2.7

160.5
155.9
157.0
132.5
134.7
140.0
147.6
171.9
177.4
98.0
169.7
171.9

160.7
156.2
157.3
132.6
135.3
141.3
148.1
172.1
177.5
97.9
170.1
172.1

160.6
156.0
157.2
131.9
134.6
140.8
148.0
172.3
177.8
97.7
170.1
172.1

160.9
156.1
157.4
131.9
135.2
141.6
148.3
172.8
178.2
99.7
170.0
172.1

2.0
1.6
1.8
1.2
2.1
2.9
2.5
2.4
2.8
-3.4
2.4
2.6

1.3
0.5
1.3
-0.6
-0.6
-1.4
0.8
1.2
2.3
-9.8
2.4
2.4

2.0
2.1
2.3
1.8
2.7
5.3
2.2
1.4
2.5
-5.9
2.9
2.8

1.0
0.5
1.0
-1.8
1.5
4.7
1.9
2.1
1.8
7.1
0.7
0.5

1.6
1.0
1.6
0.3
0.8
0.7
1.7
1.8
2.5
-6.7
2.4
2.5

1.5
1.3
1.7
0.0
2.1
5.0
2.1
1.8
2.2
0.4
1.8
1.6

144.6
86.3
190.3

144.6
86.5
190.6

143.9
85.9
191.0

143.2
89.1
191.6

2.0
-5.4
2.8

1.7
-14.7
2.8

4.0
-12.0
2.6

-3.8
13.6
2.8

1.8
-10.2
2.8

0.0
0.0
2.7

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Transportation services ....................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-W

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes

Percent change to
Mar.1999 from--

Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

Mar.
1999

M

160.7

161.0

161.1

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

168.2
168.2
102.3

168.4
168.5
102.4

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

156.0
156.5
102.0

M

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................
West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

U.S. city average ...........................

Percent change to
Feb.1999 from--

Mar.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

Feb.
1998

Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

161.4

1.7

0.2

0.2

1.6

0.2

0.1

168.3
168.1
102.6

168.5
168.3
102.8

1.5
1.5
1.5

0.1
-0.1
0.4

0.1
0.1
0.2

1.4
1.4
1.5

0.1
-0.1
0.3

-0.1
-0.2
0.2

156.6
157.1
102.3

156.5
157.2
102.2

156.9
157.5
102.6

1.6
1.8
1.3

0.2
0.3
0.3

0.3
0.2
0.4

1.5
1.9
0.8

0.3
0.4
0.2

-0.1
0.1
-0.1

153.3

153.6

153.4

153.4

1.8

-0.1

0.0

1.7

0.1

-0.1

M
M
M

157.8
156.0
102.5

157.9
156.4
102.5

158.0
156.4
102.6

158.4
156.9
102.8

1.5
1.4
1.5

0.3
0.3
0.3

0.3
0.3
0.2

1.5
1.4
1.5

0.1
0.3
0.1

0.1
0.0
0.1

M

160.8

161.1

161.0

161.5

2.1

0.2

0.3

1.9

0.1

-0.1

M
M
M

161.8
160.8
103.3

162.4
161.6
103.4

162.7
161.9
103.6

163.2
162.3
104.0

2.4
2.7
1.9

0.5
0.4
0.6

0.3
0.2
0.4

2.1
2.5
1.4

0.6
0.7
0.3

0.2
0.2
0.2

M
M

146.9
102.5

147.4
102.6

147.4
102.6

147.7
102.9

1.9
1.5

0.2
0.3

0.2
0.3

1.8
1.3

0.3
0.1

0.0
0.0

Region and area size(2)

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................

D .........................................

M

159.2

159.6

159.4

159.8

1.9

0.1

0.3

1.7

0.1

-0.1

Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

159.6
157.2

160.5
157.8

160.6
158.1

161.1
158.3

1.8
2.1

0.4
0.3

0.3
0.1

2.0
2.0

0.6
0.6

0.1
0.2

M

170.5

170.8

170.6

170.8

1.5

0.0

0.1

1.4

0.1

-0.1

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

-

172.2
152.7
154.6
102.7

-

172.3
152.9
155.8
102.8

1.8
1.9
2.0
1.5

0.1
0.1
0.8
0.1

-

-

-

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

158.8
155.9
144.8
158.7

-

159.1
155.8
145.0
158.8

-

-

-

-

1.6
1.9
0.2
1.0

0.2
-0.1
0.1
0.1

-

2
2
2

168.5
163.7
164.9

-

167.8
165.7
166.0

-

-

-

-

1.0
3.8
2.3

-0.4
1.2
0.7

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 1(LAS). Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U-XL): U.S. city average, by
expenditure category and commodity and service group using a Laspeyres Estimator
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Relative
importance,

Unadjusted
indexes

Unadjusted
percent change to
Mar. 1999 from-

CPI-U

December
1998

Feb.
1999

Mar.
1999

Mar.
1998

Feb.
1999

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

164.7
493.3

165.2
494.9

1.8
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products ..............
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1).........
Food away from home ......................
Other food away from home (1)...........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

16.408
15.422
9.691
1.544
2.569
1.088
1.440

163.8
163.4
163.8
183.8
147.3
162.2
200.4

163.7
163.3
163.5
183.4
147.0
161.4
200.4

2.2
2.3
2.1
2.1
-0.1
8.8
2.2

-0.1
-0.1
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.5
0.0

1.049
2.002
.377
.309
1.316
.320
5.730
.175
.986

134.4
153.1
151.2
150.6
168.1
105.8
163.9
103.7
168.6

134.4
152.8
151.0
149.1
168.0
104.9
164.2
103.7
168.4

0.1
2.2
0.1
4.9
2.3
3.3
2.7
3.4
2.0

0.0
-0.2
-0.1
-1.0
-0.1
-0.9
0.2
0.0
-0.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence ................
Lodging away from home (1)................
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (2).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1).....
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity .............
Household furnishings and operations ......

39.828
30.283
7.007
2.376

162.4
185.6
175.6
111.3

163.0
186.5
176.0
116.1

2.4
3.2
3.3
4.4

0.4
0.5
0.2
4.3

20.529
.371
4.735
3.801
.227
3.574
4.810

191.3
100.1
126.0
110.6
86.2
118.0
126.8

191.5
100.2
125.9
110.5
86.2
117.9
127.0

3.0
-0.1
-0.9
-1.8
-8.7
-1.3
0.6

0.1
0.1
-0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.1
0.2

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................

4.831
1.358

130.9
130.6

133.7
132.0

-0.9
-1.2

2.1
1.1

Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel ............
Footwear ..................................

1.939
.272
.876

122.4
127.0
125.8

127.9
125.6
127.2

-1.5
1.0
0.6

4.5
-1.1
1.1

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (1)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks ....................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation .....................

16.999
15.653
7.843
4.983
1.914
2.493
2.476
.549
1.624
1.346

139.8
135.9
99.9
143.8
148.4
83.6
83.1
100.9
170.4
192.6

140.7
136.5
99.7
143.4
147.5
86.3
85.8
100.3
170.6
198.4

-0.5
-0.7
-0.4
-0.7
0.1
-5.1
-5.0
-0.9
3.0
2.4

0.6
0.4
-0.2
-0.3
-0.6
3.2
3.2
-0.6
0.1
3.0

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services ....................
Hospital and related services ............

5.713
1.252
4.461
2.854
1.354

247.7
226.9
252.6
226.8
296.2

248.4
228.1
253.1
227.4
296.6

3.6
4.4
3.4
3.2
4.0

0.3
0.5
0.2
0.3
0.1

Recreation (1)..............................
Video and audio (1).......................

6.120
1.748

102.0
101.5

102.0
101.1

1.0
-0.3

0.0
-0.4

Education and communication (1).............
Education (1)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1).........................
Information and information processing
(1)...................................
Telephone services (1)..................
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (3)...
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1)......................

5.478
2.694
.203
2.492
2.783

100.9
105.3
260.9
303.2
97.0

100.8
105.4
261.1
303.4
96.7

0.9
4.9
5.5
4.8
-2.6

-0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.3

2.580
2.327

96.5
100.4

96.2
100.3

-3.1
-0.1

-0.3
-0.1

.253

33.3

32.5

-25.1

-2.4

.148

59.8

57.7

-34.9

-3.5

4.624
1.159
3.465
.742
.973
1.491

254.8
347.8
159.4
149.3
169.4
240.9

253.3
335.8
160.1
150.2
170.1
241.5

9.0
32.2
3.0
2.0
3.3
3.7

-0.6
-3.5
0.4
0.6
0.4
0.2

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care .............................
Personal care products ...................
Personal care services ...................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........
Commodity and service group

Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (2).........................
Transportation services ....................
Other services .............................

42.109
16.408
25.702
14.345
4.831

142.4
163.8
129.8
132.3
130.9

142.8
163.7
130.4
133.6
133.7

0.9
2.2
0.0
1.1
-0.9

0.3
-0.1
0.5
1.0
2.1

9.514
11.356
57.891
29.912
6.963
10.768

137.9
126.5
187.0
193.2
189.4
221.2

138.6
126.1
187.7
194.2
190.7
221.5

2.2
-1.5
2.6
3.2
1.2
3.0

0.5
-0.3
0.4
0.5
0.7
0.1

84.578
69.717
94.287
26.688
15.331
10.500
30.753
27.979
53.429
6.294
93.706
78.284

164.9
158.2
160.1
131.4
134.4
139.9
148.1
193.8
181.0
97.3
173.4
175.9

165.6
158.6
160.6
132.0
135.7
140.6
148.8
194.3
181.7
98.5
173.9
176.5

1.8
1.3
1.8
0.2
1.2
2.3
1.8
1.9
2.5
-3.1
2.2
2.3

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.5
1.0
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.4
1.2
0.3
0.3

23.967
2.720
54.316

144.0
83.9
194.1

144.2
86.4
194.9

0.8
-5.4
2.9

0.1
3.0
0.4

-

$ .607

$ .605

-

-

-

$ .203

$ .202

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (2)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar
(1982-84=$1.00) .........................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar
(1967=$1.00) ............................

1 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
2 Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
3 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 2(LAS). Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W-XL): U.S.
city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group using a Laspeyres Estimator

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
indexes
Feb.
1999

Mar.
1999

Unadjusted
percent change to
Mar. 1999 fromMar.
1998

Feb.
1999

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

161.2
480.1

161.6
481.3

1.8
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products ..............
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1).........
Food away from home ......................
Other food away from home (1)...........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

18.011
16.966
10.832
1.689
3.055
1.193
1.492

163.1
162.7
162.6
183.4
146.9
162.1
199.3

163.0
162.6
162.3
183.1
146.6
161.3
199.2

2.3
2.2
1.9
2.1
-0.2
8.9
2.3

-0.1
-0.1
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.5
-0.1

1.184
2.220
.420
.354
1.446
.355
6.133
.216
1.045

133.3
152.5
151.1
150.2
167.9
105.7
163.9
103.7
167.7

133.4
152.1
151.1
148.7
167.8
104.9
164.2
103.8
167.3

0.2
2.1
0.1
4.8
2.1
3.0
2.7
3.5
2.0

0.1
-0.3
0.0
-1.0
-0.1
-0.8
0.2
0.1
-0.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence ................
Lodging away from home (1)................
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (2).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1).....
Fuels and utilities .......................

36.685
27.496
8.500
1.379

158.5
180.0
175.3
111.0

158.9
180.6
175.6
115.2

2.2
3.1
3.3
4.0

0.3
0.3
0.2
3.8

17.296
.320
4.850

174.2
100.4
125.8

174.5
100.6
125.8

2.9
0.1
-0.9

0.2
0.2
0.0

Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity .............
Household furnishings and operations ......

3.928
.201
3.727
4.339

110.2
86.8
117.5
124.9

110.0
86.8
117.3
125.1

-1.7
-8.1
-1.3
0.1

-0.2
0.0
-0.2
0.2

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel ............
Footwear ..................................

5.199
1.474
1.948
.344
1.057

129.7
130.4
120.4
128.0
126.3

132.1
132.1
125.4
126.6
127.6

-0.7
-0.5
-1.5
1.7
0.4

1.9
1.3
4.2
-1.1
1.0

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (1)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks ....................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation .....................

19.166
18.109
9.250
5.224
3.216
3.066
3.045
.682
1.690
1.056

138.4
135.7
99.9
144.9
149.7
83.5
83.0
100.5
171.8
188.7

139.1
136.3
99.5
144.5
148.8
86.4
85.9
100.0
172.1
193.7

-0.7
-0.8
-0.5
-0.8
0.0
-5.1
-5.1
-0.7
3.2
1.8

0.5
0.4
-0.4
-0.3
-0.6
3.5
3.5
-0.5
0.2
2.6

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services ....................
Hospital and related services ............

4.672
.926
3.746
2.415
1.114

247.0
223.4
252.3
228.3
292.4

247.6
224.3
252.8
228.9
292.8

3.6
4.1
3.4
3.2
4.1

0.2
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.1

Recreation (1)..............................
Video and audio (1).......................

5.925
1.951

101.4
101.4

101.4
101.0

0.4
-0.4

0.0
-0.4

Education and communication (1).............
Education (1)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1).........................
Information and information processing
(1)...................................
Telephone services (1)..................
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (3)...
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1)......................

5.361
2.478
.200
2.278
2.883

101.2
105.5
263.5
297.7
97.7

101.1
105.6
263.7
297.9
97.4

1.1
5.1
5.5
4.9
-2.1

-0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.3

2.733
2.519

97.5
100.6

97.1
100.4

-2.4
0.0

-0.4
-0.2

.213

34.5

33.5

-25.2

-2.9

.120

59.4

57.0

-35.4

-4.0

4.981

258.0

255.6

11.5

-0.9

Other goods and services ...................

Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care .............................
Personal care products ...................
Personal care services ...................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

1.694
3.287
.838
.975
1.253

348.0
159.6
150.3
169.7
241.1

335.9
160.3
151.1
170.4
241.7

32.4
3.1
2.0
3.3
4.3

-3.5
0.4
0.5
0.4
0.2

46.764
18.011
28.753
15.564
5.199

142.3
163.1
130.1
132.2
129.7

142.6
163.0
130.6
133.4
132.1

1.1
2.3
0.4
1.7
-0.7

0.2
-0.1
0.4
0.9
1.9

10.365
13.189
53.236
27.175
6.800
10.144

138.1
126.2
183.6
173.3
186.9
217.8

138.8
125.8
184.1
173.9
187.9
218.0

3.0
-1.3
2.5
3.1
1.1
2.9

0.5
-0.3
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.1

83.034
72.504
95.328
29.798
16.609
11.410
33.575
26.061
49.490
6.994
93.006
76.040

160.8
155.9
157.2
131.6
134.3
139.9
147.9
172.3
177.8
96.1
170.1
172.0

161.3
156.2
157.6
132.0
135.4
140.5
148.5
172.7
178.3
97.5
170.4
172.4

1.8
1.3
1.7
0.4
1.7
2.9
2.0
1.8
2.4
-3.3
2.2
2.3

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.8
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.3
1.5
0.2
0.2

26.531
3.267
49.509

144.0
83.8
191.0

144.0
86.6
191.6

1.2
-5.3
2.8

0.0
3.3
0.3

-

$ .620

$ .619

-

-

-

$ .208

$ .208

-

-

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (2).........................
Transportation services ....................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (2)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar
(1982-84=$1.00) .........................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar
(1967=$1.00) ............................
1 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

2 Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
3 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 3(LAS). Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U-XL): Selected areas, all items index
using a Laspeyres Estimator
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes

Percent change to
Mar.1999 from--

Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

Mar.
1999

Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

M

163.9

164.4

164.7

165.2

0.8

0.5

0.3

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

171.2
172.2
102.5

171.6
172.6
102.8

171.7
172.6
103.0

172.1
173.1
103.3

0.5
0.5
0.8

0.3
0.3
0.5

0.2
0.3
0.3

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

159.8
161.0
102.3

160.4
161.6
102.6

160.6
161.9
102.7

161.2
162.5
103.1

0.9
0.9
0.8

0.5
0.6
0.5

0.4
0.4
0.4

M

155.0

155.6

155.7

155.8

0.5

0.1

0.1

U.S. city average ...........................
Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

159.6
158.3
102.8

160.0
158.9
102.9

160.2
159.1
103.1

160.8
159.8
103.4

0.8
0.9
0.6

0.5
0.6
0.5

0.4
0.4
0.3

M

160.4

160.9

161.1

161.7

0.8

0.5

0.4

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

165.8
166.5
103.4

166.5
167.3
103.7

167.0
167.9
103.9

167.5
168.4
104.3

1.0
1.1
0.9

0.6
0.7
0.6

0.3
0.3
0.4

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................

M
M
M

148.4
102.7
160.2

148.9
103.0
160.6

149.1
103.1
160.8

149.6
103.5
161.3

0.8
0.8
0.7

0.5
0.5
0.4

0.3
0.4
0.3

Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

165.1
163.5

166.0
164.2

166.4
164.7

166.9
165.2

1.1
1.0

0.5
0.6

0.3
0.3

M

174.7

175.2

175.4

175.8

0.6

0.3

0.2

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (5)........

1
1
1
1

-

174.1
160.6
155.2
102.8

-

175.2
161.1
156.4
103.4

-

0.6
0.3
0.8
0.6

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

161.6
161.2
146.1
161.1

-

162.1
161.3
146.8
161.4

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

169.0
167.4
169.4

-

168.7
169.5
170.8

-

-

-

-

1 Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas;
most other goods and services priced as indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 4(LAS). Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W-XL): Selected
areas, all items index using a Laspeyres Estimator
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes

Percent change to
Mar.1999 from--

Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

Mar.
1999

Dec.
1998

Jan.
1999

Feb.
1999

M

160.7

161.1

161.2

161.6

0.6

0.3

0.2

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

168.2
168.2
102.3

168.5
168.5
102.5

168.4
168.3
102.7

168.7
168.5
102.8

0.3
0.2
0.5

0.1
0.0
0.3

0.2
0.1
0.1

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

156.0
156.5
102.0

156.6
157.1
102.3

156.6
157.2
102.3

157.1
157.6
102.7

0.7
0.7
0.7

0.3
0.3
0.4

0.3
0.3
0.4

M

153.3

153.7

153.5

153.5

0.1

-0.1

0.0

U.S. city average ...........................
Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

157.8
156.0
102.5

158.0
156.5
102.5

158.1
156.5
102.7

158.5
157.0
102.9

0.4
0.6
0.4

0.3
0.3
0.4

0.3
0.3
0.2

M

160.8

161.2

161.2

161.7

0.6

0.3

0.3

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

161.8
160.8
103.3

162.5
161.6
103.5

162.8
162.0
103.7

163.3
162.4
104.1

0.9
1.0
0.8

0.5
0.5
0.6

0.3
0.2
0.4

M
M
M

146.9
102.5
159.2

147.4
102.6
159.6

147.5
102.7
159.5

147.8
103.0
159.9

0.6
0.5
0.4

0.3
0.4
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.3

M

159.6

160.5

160.6

161.1

0.9

0.4

0.3

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M

157.2

157.9

158.1

158.5

0.8

0.4

0.3

M

170.5

170.9

170.8

171.0

0.3

0.1

0.1

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (5)........

1
1
1
1

-

172.2
152.8
154.8
102.7

-

172.7
152.9
155.9
103.0

-

0.3
0.1
0.7
0.3

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

158.8
155.9
144.8
158.7

-

159.3
155.9
145.2
158.8

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

168.5
163.7
164.9

-

167.9
165.8
166.2

-

-

-

-

1 Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas;
most other goods and services priced as indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.