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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202)
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202)
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202)

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

606-7000
606-6994
606-7828
606-5902

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-96-142
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Friday, April 12, 1996
MARCH 1996

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
0.5 percent before seasonal adjustment in March to a level of 155.7
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of
Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in March, the CPI-U
increased 2.8 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) also rose 0.5 percent in March, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The March 1996 CPI-W level of 152.9 was 2.8 percent higher
than the index in March 1995.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.4 percent in March,
following increases of 0.4 and 0.2 percent in the first 2 months of
1996. Each of the three groups--food, energy, and all items less food
and energy--contributed to the larger advance in March. The food index,
which had risen 0.1 percent in each of the 3 preceding months, increased
0.6 percent in March. A 6.0 percent rise in the index for fresh fruits
and vegetables accounted for about 85 percent of the March increase.
The energy index registered its fourth consecutive increase--up 1.4
percent in March--after declining throughout most of 1995. The index for
petroleum-based energy increased 3.5 percent in March, more than
offsetting a 0.6 percent decline in the index for energy services.

Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent after increasing
0.2 percent in March. Within this index, an upturn in the index for
apparel and upkeep more than offset the deceleration in the indexes for
public transportation and entertainment.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1995
1996
3-mos. ended ended
Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Mar. '96
Mar. '96

All Items
.1
Food and beverages .3
Housing
.1
Apparel and upkeep -.2
Transportation
-.1
Medical care
.4
Entertainment
.3
Other goods
and services
.4
Special Indexes:
Energy
Food
All items less
food and energy

.3
.3
.3
.3
.1
.2
.3

.1
.0
.2
.0
-.4
.3
.4

.2
.1
.3
.1
.1
.4
.4

.4 .2
.1 .1
.3 .2
.7 -.9
.7 .5
.4 .2
.3 .8

.4
.5
.3
.6
.7
.3
.1

4.0
3.2
3.2
1.5
8.0
3.2
4.7

2.8
2.8
2.9
.3
2.3
3.8
3.8

.4

.4

.2

.2

.4

4.4

4.4

-1.3
.3

.3
.3

-.9
.0

1.1
.1

1.9
.1

.4 1.4
.1 .6

15.8
3.2

2.8
2.8

.2

.3

.1

.1

.3

3.5

2.8

.4

.2

.3

During the first 3 months of 1996, The CPI-U rose at a 4.0 percent
seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with a 2.5
percent increase for all of 1995. The food index has increased at a 3.2
percent SAAR and energy at a 15.8 percent SAAR thus far in 1996.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U increased at a 3.5 percent
SAAR in the first 3 months of 1996. This compares with a 3.0 percent
increase in all of 1995. The indexes for apparel and upkeep and public
transportation increased at a faster pace during the first quarter of
1996 than during all of 1995 and were largely responsible for the
acceleration in the overall index for all items less food and energy .
The rates for selected groups during the last 8 and 1/4 years are shown
below.

Percent change 12 months
1988
All Items
Food & beverages
Housing
Apparel & upkeep
Transportation
Medical care
Entertainment
Other goods
and services

1989

4.4
5.1
4.0
4.7
3.0
6.9
4.6

4.6
5.5
3.9
1.0
4.0
8.5
5.1

7.0

8.2

Special Indexes
Energy
.5
Food
5.2
All items less
food and energy 4.7

5.1
5.6
4.4

1990

1991

6.1
3.1
5.3
2.5
4.5
3.4
5.1
3.4
10.4 -1.5
9.6
7.9
4.3
3.9

1992

1993

1994

SAAR
3 months
ended in
March
1995 1996

2.9
1.6
2.6
1.4
3.0
6.6
2.8

2.7
2.7
2.7
.9
2.4
5.4
2.8

2.7
2.7
2.2
-1.6
3.8
4.9
2.3

2.5
2.1
3.0
.1
1.5
3.9
3.3

4.0
3.2
3.2
1.5
8.0
3.2
4.7

8.0

6.5

2.7

4.2

4.3

4.4

18.1 -7.4
5.3 1.9

2.0
1.5

-1.4
2.9

2.2
2.9

-1.3
2.1

15.8
3.2

3.3

3.2

2.6

3.0

3.5

7.6

5.2

4.4

The food and beverage index rose 0.5 percent in March. The index
for grocery store foods, which registered no change in each of the
preceding 2 months, increased 0.9 percent in March. The index for fresh
fruits and vegetables advanced 6.0 percent; the index for fresh
vegetables rose 10.0 percent and that for fresh fruits rose 2.6 percent.
Among the other major grocery store foods, the indexes for cereal and
bakery products and for other food at home each increased 0.5 percent,
while the indexes for dairy products and for meats, poultry, fish, and
eggs each declined 0.2 percent. Within the latter group, price declines
for beef and for poultry offset price increases for pork, for fish and
seafood, and for eggs. The drop in the beef and veal index--down 1.0
percent in March--was its fourth consecutive decline and the largest
monthly fall since a 1.1 percent decrease in January 1992. The other
two components of the food and beverage index--restaurant meals and
alcoholic beverages--increased 0.1 and 0.3 percent, respectively, in
March.
The housing component rose 0.3 percent in March, following an
increase of 0.2 percent in February. Shelter costs increased 0.2
percent for the second consecutive month. Within shelter, renters'
costs rose 0.3 percent; homeowners' costs, 0.2 percent; and maintenance
and repair costs, 0.4 percent. The index for fuel and utilities, which

rose 0.6 percent in February, increased 0.2 percent in March. The index
for household fuels fell 0.3 percent, as a result of a 2.7 percent
decrease in the index for natural gas. Partially offsetting this
decline, the index for electricity increased 0.3 percent and the index
for fuel oil rose 3.0 percent. The index for other utilities and public
services rose 1.0 percent, reflecting increases in the index for
telephone services and water and sewerage treatment--up 0.6 and 2.6
percent, respectively. The index for household furnishings and
operation rose 0.2 percent in March, following a 0.2 percent decline in
February.
The transportation index advanced 0.7 percent in March, following
an increase of 0.5 percent in February. The index for motor fuels,
which fell 0.2 percent in February after increasing 3.8 percent in
January, turned back up in March, advancing 3.6 percent and accounting
for 90 percent of the overall transportation increase. Despite the
sharp increase thus far in 1996, gasoline prices remain well below their
peak level of December 1990, 11.3 percent lower as of March. Automobile
purchase costs continued their pattern of very little movement evident
since the intoduction of the 1996 models. The index for new car prices
increased 0.1 percent in March and the index for automobile finance
charges also rose 0.1 percent, its first increase in 6 months. The
index for used cars rose 0.8 percent in March. The index for public
transportation increased 0.2 percent. A decline in airline fares--down
1.9 percent in March after increasing 5.9 percent in February--was more
than offset by a 1.0 percent increase in other intercity transportation
costs and a 4.0 percent rise in intracity transportation costs.
The index for apparel and upkeep, which declined 0.9 percent in
February, increased 0.6 percent in March. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, clothing prices rose 3.0 percent, reflecting seasonal price
increases associated with the continued introduction of the 1996 springsummer wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in March to a level 3.8 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, non-prescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.2
percent in March. The index for medical care services rose 0.3 percent
in March. Charges for professional services and hospital and related
services increased 0.2 and 0.6 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs rose 0.1 percent in March, following a 0.8
percent rise in February. The indexes for toys, hobbies, and music
equipment and for admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting
events, which increased 2.3 and 1.4 percent, respectively, in February,

rose 0.1 and declined 0.1 percent, respectively, in March.
The index for other goods and services advanced 0.4 percent in
March, the same as in February. In March, the indexes for tobacco and
smoking products and for legal service fees rose 0.7 and 0.8 percent,
respectively, accounting for about one half of the overall increase in
this major group.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.5 percent in March.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)

Expenditure
Category
Sep
All Items
.1
Food and beverages .4
Housing
.1
Apparel and upkeep .0
Transportation
-.1
Medical care
.4
Entertainment
.3
Other goods
and services
.5
Special Indexes:
Energy
-1.2
Food
.4
All items less
food and energy .3

Seasonally adjusted
Changes from preceding month
1995

1996

Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar
.3
.1
.2
.4
.2
.5
.3
.1
.1
.1
.1
.5
.3
.1
.3
.3
.1
.3
.3 -.2
.2
.7 -.7
.6
.1 -.3
.4
.9
.3
.9
.2
.3
.4
.4
.2
.2
.1
.4
.3
.4
.8
.0

Compound
Annual
rate
3-mos.
ended
Mar. '96
4.3
3.2
3.3
2.5
8.3
3.1
4.8

Unadjusted
12-mos.
ended
Mar.'96
2.8
2.9
2.9
.5
2.4
3.8
3.7

.4

.4

.1

.2

.4

.3

3.7

4.2

.2
.3

-.8
.0

1.0
.2

2.1
.1

.2
.1

1.8
.6

17.7
3.2

3.2
2.9

.3

.2

.2

.3

.2

.3

3.3

2.8

Consumer Price Index data for April are scheduled for release on
Tuesday, May 14, 1996, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Feb.
Mar.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Mar. 1996 fromMar. 1995 Feb. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromDec. to
Jan. to
Feb. to
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

154.9
464.2

155.7
466.5

2.8
-

0.5
-

0.4
-

0.2
-

0.4
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.332
15.766
9.880
1.473
2.936
1.169
1.936
2.365
.327
.248
.763
1.027
5.886
1.566

151.3
150.8
151.4
172.1
142.4
137.2
177.7
141.9
141.6
139.7
129.9
153.4
150.9
156.7

152.1
151.6
152.5
172.0
142.6
136.7
183.7
142.4
142.3
140.1
129.7
154.6
151.2
157.4

2.8
2.8
3.3
4.1
3.0
3.4
5.6
1.2
4.3
2.4
-2.4
2.7
2.1
2.8

.5
.5
.7
-.1
.1
-.4
3.4
.4
.5
.3
-.2
.8
.2
.4

.1
.1
.0
.9
.1
.2
-1.0
.1
1.4
.3
-.8
.3
.1
.4

.1
.1
.0
-.1
.0
1.0
-.1
-.2
.1
-.2
-.7
.0
.3
.5

.5
.6
.9
.5
-.2
-.2
4.0
.5
.4
.5
.3
.7
.1
.3

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair

41.346
28.289
7.988
5.762
2.227
20.102
19.716
.386
.199
.122

151.2
169.4
178.8
160.4
214.1
174.6
175.0
158.6
137.0
143.0

151.7
170.1
180.4
160.6
219.7
175.0
175.3
159.1
137.5
143.8

2.9
3.4
3.3
2.5
5.3
3.4
3.4
1.3
2.5
3.6

.3
.4
.9
.1
2.6
.2
.2
.3
.4
.6

.3
.4
.7
.3
1.6
.2
.3
-.3
-.2
.0

.2
.2
.2
.3
.2
.2
.2
.4
.5
.6

.3
.2
.3
.1
.9
.2
.2
.3
.4
.6

commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

.077
7.014
3.792

128.8
125.0
112.5

129.0
125.2
111.9

.6
2.4
1.9

.2
.2
-.5

-.4
.5
.6

.2
.6
.7

.2
.2
-.3

.356

97.7

99.3

11.6

1.6

7.5

.2

2.2

3.436

119.1

118.2

.9

-.8

-.2

.8

-.6

3.222
6.043
3.445
1.116
1.482

154.9
124.3
111.4
140.4
146.3

156.4
124.6
111.7
140.9
146.6

3.0
1.6
.4
3.8
2.6

1.0
.2
.3
.4
.2

.3
.2
.3
.4
.0

.3
-.2
-.4
-.2
.2

1.0
.2
.0
.9
.2

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.516
4.967
1.303
2.195
.195
.732
.542
.550

131.2
127.8
126.4
124.6
134.4
125.8
149.7
158.5

134.8
131.6
129.1
129.9
133.3
128.1
154.7
158.9

.3
.2
1.5
-1.2
4.9
1.7
-.2
.8

2.7
3.0
2.1
4.3
-.8
1.8
3.3
.3

.7
.7
1.1
1.3
2.2
-.6
-.6
.3

-.9
-1.0
.2
-2.5
2.2
1.4
-2.1
.2

.6
.6
.8
.2
-.8
.8
2.1
.3

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

16.953
15.430
5.027
4.015
1.342
2.908
1.535
4.618

140.4
137.5
143.5
141.3
157.5
98.2
97.8
156.6
173.2

141.2
138.3
143.6
141.5
157.3
101.4
101.1
156.9
172.5

2.3
2.3
2.1
1.8
1.6
4.0
4.0
2.8
1.4

.6
.6
.1
.1
-.1
3.3
3.4
.2
-.4

.7
.8
.1
.1
.8
3.8
3.7
.4
-.1

.5
.2
.3
.3
.7
-.2
-.3
.1
.4

.7
.8
.1
.1
.8
3.6
3.7
.2
-.3

.608

105.4

105.3

.7

-.1

.0

.1

.1

4.010
1.523

189.2
177.4

188.3
178.9

1.5
2.5

-.5
.8

-.1
-.5

.5
3.3

-.4
.2

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.362
1.282
6.081
3.465

226.2
208.5
230.3
206.1

226.6
208.9
230.7
206.5

3.8
2.6
4.0
3.7

.2
.2
.2
.2

.4
.5
.4
.3

.2
.2
.2
.2

.3
.2
.3
.2

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............

4.367
1.975

158.3
142.5

158.4
142.7

3.8
3.9

.1
.1

.3
.3

.8
.8

.1
.1

Entertainment services .................

2.392

177.0

177.0

3.7

.0

.2

.7

.0

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.123
1.610
1.170

212.6
229.8
149.3

213.0
230.8
149.4

4.4
3.7
2.3

.2
.4
.1

.2
-.3
.1

.4
.4
.1

.4
.7
.1

.613
.557
4.342
.258
4.084

144.1
155.2
243.7
224.7
245.4

144.0
155.3
244.1
225.2
245.7

1.3
3.4
5.2
5.9
5.2

-.1
.1
.2
.2
.1

-.3
.5
.5
1.0
.4

.3
.1
.5
.4
.5

-.1
.1
.5
.6
.4

100.000
42.916
17.332
25.584
15.075
4.967

154.9
138.0
151.3
129.9
130.3
127.8

155.7
139.2
152.1
131.3
132.6
131.6

2.8
2.4
2.8
2.1
2.6
.2

.5
.9
.5
1.1
1.8
3.0

.4
.5
.1
.8
1.4
.7

.2
.0
.1
-.1
-.1
-1.0

.4
.7
.5
.8
1.1
.6

10.108
10.509
57.084
27.671

134.6
129.4
172.2
176.3

136.2
129.5
172.6
177.0

3.9
1.4
3.2
3.4

1.2
.1
.2
.4

1.7
.2
.3
.3

.4
.2
.4
.2

1.6
.2
.2
.3

8.681
7.068
6.081
7.583

139.5
178.5
230.3
199.0

139.6
178.5
230.7
199.2

2.0
2.0
4.0
4.2

.1
.0
.2
.1

-.1
-.1
.4
.4

.4
1.0
.2
.6

.2
-.1
.3
.3

84.234
71.711
79.898
92.638
27.150
16.641
11.674
32.407
29.414
51.004
6.700
93.300

155.7
150.8
155.9
150.9
131.0
131.8
135.9
141.0
180.2
166.8
104.9
161.6

156.5
151.6
156.9
151.7
132.4
134.0
137.3
142.5
180.4
167.2
106.1
162.3

2.9
2.6
2.8
2.8
2.2
2.7
3.7
2.7
3.0
3.1
2.8
2.9

.5
.5
.6
.5
1.1
1.7
1.0
1.1
.1
.2
1.1
.4

.5
.4
.5
.4
.8
1.2
1.3
.8
.2
.2
1.9
.3

.3
.2
.2
.2
-.1
-.1
.1
.1
.6
.4
.4
.2

.4
.5
.4
.4
.8
1.0
1.3
.8
.1
.2
1.4
.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................

All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

77.534

164.2

164.9

2.8

.4

.3

.2

.3

23.885
3.264
53.648

140.8
98.3
177.6

141.9
101.4
178.1

1.8
4.9
3.3

.8
3.2
.3

.4
4.2
.3

-.1
-.2
.3

.4
3.5
.2

-

$.645
.215

$.642
.214

-2.7
-

-.5
-

-.5
-

-.5
-

-.5
-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Dec.
1995

Jan.
1996

Feb.
1996

Mar.
1996

June
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedSept.
Dec.
Mar.
Sept.
Mar.
1995
1995
1996
1995
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................

150.5
150.2
150.5
170.2
142.0
135.1
176.8
141.4
139.5
138.9
130.5
152.7

150.7
150.3
150.5
171.8
142.1
135.4
175.1
141.5
141.4
139.3
129.5
153.1

150.9
150.5
150.5
171.7
142.1
136.8
174.9
141.2
141.5
139.0
128.6
153.1

151.7
151.4
151.9
172.5
141.8
136.5
181.9
141.9
142.1
139.7
129.0
154.2

3.5

1.6

2.4

4.0

2.5

3.2

3.6
3.6
4.4
3.2
-.3
1.2
19.1
1.1
3.6
.0
-1.8
3.0

2.7
2.7
3.3
3.1
6.6
1.5
2.0
1.7
3.2
4.2
1.2
1.3

1.9
1.9
1.9
4.3
6.7
7.1
-8.8
.6
2.9
3.2
-4.5
2.7

3.2
3.2
3.8
5.5
-.6
4.2
12.0
1.4
7.7
2.3
-4.5
4.0

3.1
3.1
3.8
3.2
3.1
1.4
10.2
1.4
3.4
2.1
-.3
2.1

2.6
2.6
2.8
4.9
3.0
5.6
1.1
1.0
5.3
2.8
-4.5
3.3

Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

150.4
155.3

150.6
155.9

151.1
156.7

151.2
157.1

1.9
2.6

2.2
2.4

2.2
1.6

2.1
4.7

2.0
2.5

2.2
3.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

150.3
167.9
175.5
159.6
206.9
173.9
174.2
158.5
136.6
142.1
129.1
124.4
111.3

150.8
168.6
176.7
160.0
210.3
174.3
174.7
158.1
136.3
142.1
128.6
125.0
112.0

151.1
168.9
177.1
160.4
210.7
174.6
175.0
158.8
137.0
143.0
128.8
125.7
112.8

151.5
169.3
177.7
160.6
212.5
175.0
175.3
159.3
137.5
143.8
129.0
126.0
112.5

2.7
3.7
3.3
2.3
5.5
3.8
3.8
1.8
2.4
1.7
2.5
1.3
.4

2.7
2.9
3.0
2.3
5.0
3.3
3.3
-2.8
1.2
2.6
-.3
-.3
-1.4

3.3
3.4
1.8
2.8
.0
4.0
4.0
4.4
3.6
5.2
.6
3.3
4.4

3.2
3.4
5.1
2.5
11.3
2.6
2.5
2.0
2.7
4.9
-.3
5.2
4.4

2.7
3.3
3.2
2.3
5.2
3.6
3.6
-.5
1.8
2.2
1.1
.5
-.5

3.2
3.4
3.5
2.7
5.5
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.1
5.1
.2
4.3
4.4

88.8

95.5

95.7

97.8

3.7

-.5

1.8

47.1

1.6

22.4

119.1
153.9
124.1
111.6
140.0
145.7

118.9
154.4
124.4
111.9
140.5
145.7

119.9
154.9
124.1
111.4
140.2
146.0

119.2
156.4
124.4
111.4
141.4
146.3

.0
2.1
.0
-.7
.0
1.7

-1.3
1.3
4.0
3.3
6.9
3.7

4.8
1.8
1.6
.0
4.7
3.4

.3
6.7
1.0
-.7
4.1
1.7

-.7
1.7
2.0
1.3
3.4
2.7

2.6
4.2
1.3
-.4
4.4
2.5

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.2
128.8
125.9
126.9
128.7
125.4
154.0
157.7

133.1
129.7
127.3
128.5
131.5
124.6
153.0
158.2

131.9
128.4
127.6
125.3
134.4
126.4
149.8
158.5

132.7
129.2
128.6
125.6
133.3
127.4
153.0
158.9

-2.7
-2.8
-1.6
-3.1
-16.2
-1.9
.5
-1.8

.9
.9
-.6
-2.2
35.5
4.9
1.0
1.3

1.5
1.6
-.3
4.9
-7.4
-2.5
.3
.8

1.5
1.2
8.9
-4.0
15.1
6.5
-2.6
3.1

-.9
-.9
-1.1
-2.7
6.6
1.4
.8
-.3

1.5
1.4
4.2
.3
3.2
1.9
-1.2
1.9

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation

139.0
136.7
142.0
139.8
157.4
97.5
97.3
155.8
171.7

140.0
137.8
142.1
140.0
158.7
101.2
100.9
156.5
171.6

140.7
138.1
142.5
140.4
159.8
101.0
100.6
156.6
172.3

141.7
139.2
142.7
140.6
161.1
104.6
104.3
156.9
171.7

6.8
4.2
3.5
2.9
-4.0
12.9
16.5
2.6
2.4

-3.9
-2.9
1.7
1.2
-3.0
-20.6
-23.3
3.2
2.8

-1.1
.6
.8
.6
4.2
-1.6
-1.2
2.3
.2

8.0
7.5
2.0
2.3
9.7
32.5
32.0
2.9
.0

1.3
.6
2.6
2.0
-3.5
-5.3
-5.5
2.9
2.6

3.3
4.0
1.4
1.4
6.9
14.2
14.2
2.6
.1

commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

105.0

105.0

105.1

105.2

1.5

.8

-.4

.8

1.2

.2

187.6
170.5

187.4
169.6

188.3
175.2

187.6
175.6

2.6
35.5

3.0
-13.0

.4
-16.6

.0
12.5

2.8
8.6

.2
-3.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

224.6
206.7
228.5
204.6

225.4
207.7
229.3
205.2

225.8
208.1
229.7
205.6

226.4
208.5
230.3
206.1

3.9
1.4
4.4
3.9

4.2
2.2
4.7
4.0

3.6
3.2
3.8
4.0

3.2
3.5
3.2
3.0

4.1
1.8
4.6
4.0

3.4
3.3
3.5
3.5

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

156.5
140.9
174.9

156.9
141.3
175.3

158.1
142.5
176.6

158.3
142.7
176.6

2.9
2.6
2.8

3.7
3.2
4.3

4.2
4.7
3.7

4.7
5.2
3.9

3.3
2.9
3.6

4.4
4.9
3.8

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

211.7
229.0
148.9

212.2
228.4
149.1

213.1
229.4
149.3

214.0
231.1
149.4

4.2
5.5
1.9

4.9
5.2
2.2

4.1
.7
3.9

4.4
3.7
1.3

4.5
5.4
2.1

4.2
2.2
2.6

144.1
154.3
241.4
219.8
242.9

143.7
155.0
242.5
222.1
243.9

144.1
155.2
243.7
222.9
245.1

144.0
155.3
244.8
224.3
246.2

1.7
2.1
4.4
3.6
4.3

.6
3.8
5.6
4.8
5.7

3.1
5.1
5.5
7.0
5.3

-.3
2.6
5.8
8.4
5.5

1.1
3.0
5.0
4.2
5.0

1.4
3.8
5.6
7.7
5.4

137.4
150.5
129.4
129.8
128.8

138.1
150.7
130.4
131.6
129.7

138.1
150.9
130.3
131.5
128.4

139.1
151.7
131.3
132.9
129.2

3.5
2.4
3.6
1.9
2.2
-2.8

1.6
.6
2.7
-.9
-3.0
.9

2.4
1.8
1.9
1.6
2.2
1.6

4.0
5.0
3.2
6.0
9.9
1.2

2.5
1.5
3.1
.5
-.5
-.9

3.2
3.4
2.6
3.8
6.0
1.4

133.1
128.7
170.9
175.0

135.3
129.0
171.4
175.6

135.8
129.2
172.1
176.0

138.0
129.5
172.4
176.5

4.6
.9
4.1
4.0

-5.5
1.3
2.6
3.1

2.1
.9
2.6
3.3

15.6
2.5
3.6
3.5

-.6
1.1
3.4
3.5

8.6
1.7
3.1
3.4

139.5
175.9
228.5
197.6

139.4
175.7
229.3
198.3

140.0
177.5
229.7
199.4

140.3
177.3
230.3
199.9

1.5
9.3
4.4
3.2

.6
-.9
4.7
4.8

3.5
-3.1
3.8
4.4

2.3
3.2
3.2
4.7

1.0
4.1
4.6
4.0

2.9
.0
3.5
4.6

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes

All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

154.6
149.9
154.9
149.9
130.5
131.4
134.8
140.2
178.8
165.5
104.1
160.7
163.3

155.3
150.5
155.6
150.5
131.6
133.0
136.6
141.3
179.2
165.9
106.1
161.2
163.8

155.7
150.8
155.9
150.8
131.5
132.9
136.8
141.4
180.2
166.6
106.5
161.5
164.2

156.3
151.5
156.6
151.4
132.5
134.2
138.6
142.5
180.4
167.0
108.0
162.0
164.7

3.5
3.3
3.2
3.3
1.9
2.5
4.9
2.9
3.9
3.5
5.8
3.3
3.0

1.6
1.4
1.3
1.6
-.6
-2.4
-4.1
.0
2.5
2.7
-10.5
2.5
2.8

2.1
1.6
1.8
2.2
1.2
2.5
3.0
1.7
2.0
2.5
1.9
2.3
2.2

4.5
4.3
4.5
4.1
6.3
8.8
11.8
6.7
3.6
3.7
15.8
3.3
3.5

2.5
2.3
2.2
2.5
.6
.0
.3
1.4
3.2
3.1
-2.6
2.9
2.9

3.3
3.0
3.1
3.1
3.7
5.6
7.3
4.2
2.8
3.1
8.7
2.8
2.9

140.4
96.6
176.2

140.9
100.7
176.7

140.8
100.5
177.3

141.3
104.0
177.7

.9
12.2
4.3

2.0
-18.9
3.0

1.7
-1.2
2.5

2.6
34.3
3.4

1.4
-4.6
3.6

2.2
15.2
3.0

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Feb.
Mar.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Mar. 1996 fromMar. 1995 Feb. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromDec. to
Jan. to
Feb. to
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

152.2
453.2

152.9
455.6

2.8
-

0.5
-

0.4
-

0.2
-

0.5
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................

19.262
17.581
11.206

150.7
150.3
150.5

151.5
151.1
151.6

2.9
2.9
3.3

.5
.5
.7

.1
.1
.0

.1
.1
.0

.5
.6
.9

Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

1.682
3.453
1.300
2.052
2.719
.369
.285
.885
1.180
6.374
1.681

171.7
142.1
136.9
176.5
141.5
141.6
139.6
129.4
153.2
150.9
156.1

171.6
142.3
136.6
182.7
142.1
142.3
139.9
129.2
154.4
151.1
156.8

3.9
3.0
3.6
5.8
1.3
4.3
2.3
-2.3
2.8
2.2
2.7

-.1
.1
-.2
3.5
.4
.5
.2
-.2
.8
.1
.4

1.0
.1
.4
-1.1
.0
1.3
.4
-.7
.2
.2
.4

-.1
-.1
1.0
-.2
-.1
.1
-.2
-.8
.1
.3
.5

.4
-.2
-.1
4.5
.5
.6
.4
.3
.6
.1
.3

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

38.888
25.976
8.091
6.616
1.475
17.695
17.366
.329
.189
.105

148.0
164.6
156.0
160.1
214.0
159.3
159.5
145.6
135.7
145.0

148.5
165.1
157.0
160.3
219.6
159.6
159.8
145.9
136.3
145.8

2.9
3.3
3.1
2.5
5.3
3.4
3.4
1.2
1.9
2.9

.3
.3
.6
.1
2.6
.2
.2
.2
.4
.6

.3
.3
.5
.3
1.3
.2
.2
-.3
-.2
-.1

.1
.1
.3
.3
.8
.1
.1
.5
.1
.3

.3
.3
.3
.1
.9
.3
.3
.1
.4
.6

.085
7.247
3.887

123.8
124.6
111.8

124.1
125.0
111.5

.8
2.5
2.2

.2
.3
-.3

-.5
.4
.6

.2
.6
.7

.2
.5
.0

.327

97.6

99.1

11.5

1.5

7.4

.3

2.1

3.560

118.4

117.9

1.4

-.4

.0

.8

-.2

3.360
5.666
3.367
1.149
1.150

155.4
122.9
110.0
140.7
149.4

157.0
123.2
110.2
141.3
149.6

3.1
1.5
.3
4.0
2.4

1.0
.2
.2
.4
.1

.3
.2
.2
.5
-.1

.4
-.2
-.3
-.1
.1

1.0
.2
.1
.7
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.533
5.017
1.310
2.148
.251
.812
.495
.516

130.2
127.0
126.3
123.3
135.3
126.3
146.9
157.9

133.9
130.9
128.9
128.6
134.7
128.8
153.7
158.2

.5
.5
1.7
-.9
5.7
1.6
-.6
.7

2.8
3.1
2.1
4.3
-.4
2.0
4.6
.2

.7
.8
1.0
1.5
1.9
-.9
-.7
.3

-.7
-.8
.2
-2.3
2.3
1.3
-1.8
.2

.6
.6
.9
.1
-.4
1.0
2.4
.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

19.020
17.847
4.958
3.591
2.432
3.584
1.619
5.255

140.0
138.0
144.5
141.0
158.6
98.1
97.8
157.6
168.8

140.9
138.8
144.5
141.0
158.3
101.4
101.2
157.9
168.1

2.4
2.3
2.1
1.7
1.8
4.2
4.3
2.9
1.1

.6
.6
.0
.0
-.2
3.4
3.5
.2
-.4

.9
.9
.2
.1
.9
3.7
4.0
.4
-.1

.3
.1
.2
.3
.8
-.5
-.5
.1
.2

.9
.9
.2
.1
.6
3.9
3.9
.2
-.2

.767

104.6

104.4

.6

-.2

.0

.2

-.1

4.488
1.173

185.0
174.6

184.1
177.2

1.2
4.2

-.5
1.5

-.1
-.4

.2
2.4

-.3
.8

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.262
1.055
5.208
2.965

225.6
206.1
230.1
207.2

226.0
206.5
230.4
207.6

3.8
2.5
4.1
3.8

.2
.2
.1
.2

.4
.6
.3
.2

.2
.0
.2
.4

.2
.1
.2
.1

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.029
2.053
1.976

156.0
141.4
176.9

156.1
141.7
176.9

3.7
3.7
3.7

.1
.2
.0

.4
.4
.4

.8
.9
.6

.0
.0
.1

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.006
2.135
1.132

209.6
229.8
149.2

209.9
230.7
149.3

4.2
3.6
2.2

.1
.4
.1

.2
-.3
.1

.4
.4
.1

.3
.7
.1

.635
.497
3.739
.227
3.512

144.6
155.1
239.3
225.8
240.7

144.6
155.2
239.5
226.3
240.9

1.2
3.3
5.2
5.9
5.2

.0
.1
.1
.2
.1

-.2
.5
.5
1.1
.4

.1
.1
.5
.3
.5

.0
.1
.3
.5
.3

100.000
47.052
19.262
27.790
16.074
5.017

152.2
137.9
150.7
130.0
129.7
127.0

152.9
139.1
151.5
131.4
132.2
130.9

2.8
2.5
2.9
2.2
2.9
.5

.5
.9
.5
1.1
1.9
3.1

.4
.6
.1
.9
1.4
.8

.2
.0
.1
.0
.0
-.8

.5
.7
.5
.8
1.1
.6

11.057

134.0

135.7

3.9

1.3

1.7

.4

1.6

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................

Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

11.716
52.948
25.430

129.3
169.4
158.4

129.3
169.8
158.9

1.4
3.2
3.3

.0
.2
.3

.3
.2
.3

.3
.3
.2

.0
.2
.3

8.531
7.279
5.208
6.501

128.0
176.3
230.1
195.8

128.4
176.4
230.4
195.9

2.2
2.1
4.1
4.2

.3
.1
.1
.1

-.1
-.1
.3
.4

.5
.5
.2
.5

.4
.1
.2
.2

82.419
74.024
82.305
93.738
29.471
17.756
12.739
35.336
27.518
47.740
7.470
92.530
74.949

152.4
148.9
142.8
148.7
131.0
131.3
135.3
140.5
160.5
164.2
104.2
158.8
161.0

153.2
149.8
143.7
149.5
132.4
133.6
136.9
142.1
160.7
164.6
105.8
159.5
161.7

2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.2
2.8
3.8
2.8
2.9
3.1
3.2
2.8
2.8

.5
.6
.6
.5
1.1
1.8
1.2
1.1
.1
.2
1.5
.4
.4

.5
.4
.4
.4
.9
1.3
1.4
.8
.2
.2
2.1
.3
.3

.2
.2
.2
.2
.0
.0
.2
.1
.4
.3
.2
.2
.2

.4
.5
.5
.5
.8
1.1
1.5
.9
.1
.2
1.8
.4
.3

25.560
3.911
49.388

140.4
98.4
175.0

141.4
101.5
175.5

1.9
4.9
3.3

.7
3.2
.3

.4
4.0
.2

.1
-.4
.3

.4
3.7
.3

-

$.657
.221

$.654
.219

-2.7
-

-.5
-

-.6
-

-.3
-

-.5
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Seasonally adjusted indexes
Dec.
1995

Jan.
1996

Feb.
1996

Mar.
1996

June
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedSept.
Dec.
Mar.
Sept.
Mar.
1995
1995
1996
1995
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

3.3

1.3

2.4

4.3

2.3

3.4

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

150.1
149.7
149.8
169.9
141.7
134.7
176.5
141.0
139.4
138.7
129.9
152.5
150.3
154.7

150.3
149.8
149.8
171.6
141.8
135.2
174.5
141.0
141.2
139.2
129.0
152.8
150.6
155.3

150.5
150.0
149.8
171.4
141.7
136.5
174.2
140.8
141.3
138.9
128.0
153.0
151.0
156.1

151.3
150.9
151.1
172.1
141.4
136.3
182.1
141.5
142.2
139.5
128.4
153.9
151.1
156.5

3.0
3.0
3.9
3.2
-.6
1.2
17.6
1.2
3.3
.3
-1.8
3.2
1.9
1.8

3.3
3.0
3.8
3.2
6.6
2.1
2.7
2.0
3.2
3.9
2.2
1.1
2.2
2.4

1.9
2.2
1.9
4.1
7.1
6.2
-8.4
.6
2.9
2.9
-4.5
2.9
2.2
1.8

3.2
3.2
3.5
5.3
-.8
4.8
13.3
1.4
8.3
2.3
-4.5
3.7
2.1
4.7

3.2
3.0
3.9
3.2
2.9
1.7
9.9
1.6
3.3
2.1
.2
2.1
2.0
2.1

2.6
2.7
2.7
4.7
3.0
5.5
1.9
1.0
5.6
2.6
-4.5
3.3
2.2
3.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......

147.1
163.5
153.9
159.3
206.5
158.7
159.0
145.6
135.8
144.7
124.2
123.9
110.5

147.6
164.0
154.6
159.7
209.2
159.0
159.3
145.2
135.5
144.6
123.6
124.4
111.2

147.8
164.2
155.1
160.1
210.8
159.1
159.4
145.9
135.7
145.0
123.8
125.1
112.0

148.3
164.7
155.6
160.3
212.8
159.6
159.8
146.0
136.3
145.8
124.1
125.7
112.0

2.5
3.6
2.9
2.6
5.0
3.7
3.7
1.7
2.1
2.0
2.3
1.0
.0

2.5
3.0
2.4
1.8
4.8
3.1
3.4
-4.1
1.8
1.7
1.6
-.3
-1.5

3.0
3.5
2.4
3.1
-1.0
4.4
4.4
6.0
2.4
4.8
-.3
3.6
4.8

3.3
3.0
4.5
2.5
12.8
2.3
2.0
1.1
1.5
3.1
-.3
5.9
5.5

2.5
3.3
2.7
2.2
4.9
3.4
3.5
-1.2
2.0
1.8
2.0
.3
-.7

3.2
3.2
3.4
2.8
5.7
3.3
3.2
3.5
1.9
4.0
-.3
4.8
5.2

88.7

95.3

95.6

97.6

3.7

-.5

1.8

46.6

1.6

22.2

118.2
154.3
122.7

118.2
154.8
122.9

119.1
155.4
122.7

118.9
157.0
123.0

.0
2.4
.0

-1.7
1.0
4.4

4.9
1.8
.7

2.4
7.2
1.0

-.9
1.7
2.2

3.6
4.5
.8

Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

110.1
140.1
149.0

110.3
140.8
148.8

110.0
140.7
149.0

110.1
141.7
149.1

-1.1
.9
1.9

3.7
6.6
3.9

-1.4
4.1
3.6

.0
4.6
.3

1.3
3.7
2.9

-.7
4.4
1.9

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.0
127.9
125.8
125.6
129.8
126.4
151.4
157.1

131.9
128.9
127.1
127.5
132.3
125.3
150.3
157.6

131.0
127.9
127.3
124.6
135.3
126.9
147.6
157.9

131.8
128.7
128.5
124.7
134.7
128.2
151.1
158.2

-2.4
-2.2
-.6
-1.9
-14.8
-1.9
-2.3
-1.5

.9
.9
-1.6
-2.5
37.7
4.9
-.5
.8

1.2
.9
.6
3.9
-8.2
-1.9
1.1
.8

2.5
2.5
8.9
-2.8
16.0
5.8
-.8
2.8

-.8
-.6
-1.1
-2.2
8.3
1.4
-1.4
-.4

1.8
1.7
4.7
.5
3.2
1.9
.1
1.8

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

138.9
137.1
142.9
139.6
158.3
97.6
97.2
156.8
167.7

140.1
138.4
143.2
139.7
159.8
101.2
101.1
157.4
167.6

140.5
138.6
143.5
140.1
161.0
100.7
100.6
157.6
167.9

141.7
139.8
143.8
140.2
161.9
104.6
104.5
157.9
167.5

5.9
4.5
3.2
2.6
-2.7
16.5
16.9
2.9
1.9

-4.5
-4.0
1.7
1.2
-3.0
-22.1
-22.7
3.1
2.7

.6
.9
1.1
1.2
4.1
-1.2
-2.0
2.6
.2

8.3
8.1
2.5
1.7
9.4
31.9
33.6
2.8
-.5

.6
.1
2.4
1.9
-2.9
-4.7
-4.9
3.0
2.3

4.4
4.4
1.8
1.4
6.7
14.2
14.4
2.7
-.1

104.2

104.2

104.4

104.3

1.2

1.2

-.4

.4

1.2

.0

183.7
170.2

183.5
169.6

183.9
173.7

183.4
175.1

2.2
26.3

2.9
-10.6

.4
-6.8

-.7
12.0

2.6
6.3

-.1
2.2

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

223.9
204.3
228.2
205.7

224.7
205.6
228.9
206.2

225.1
205.7
229.4
207.0

225.6
206.0
229.9
207.2

3.7
1.0
4.4
4.1

4.4
2.4
4.9
3.8

3.7
3.0
3.8
4.2

3.1
3.4
3.0
2.9

4.1
1.7
4.7
3.9

3.4
3.2
3.4
3.6

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

154.1
139.7
174.8

154.7
140.3
175.5

155.9
141.6
176.5

155.9
141.6
176.6

3.0
2.4
3.1

3.8
3.5
4.0

3.4
3.2
3.7

4.8
5.6
4.2

3.4
2.9
3.6

4.1
4.4
4.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............

208.5
229.2
148.9

208.9
228.4
149.1

209.7
229.4
149.2

210.4
230.9
149.3

4.4
5.5
1.9

5.0
4.7
2.2

3.7
1.2
3.6

3.7
3.0
1.1

4.7
5.1
2.1

3.7
2.1
2.3

144.7
154.2
236.9
221.2

144.4
154.9
238.0
223.6

144.6
155.1
239.1
224.2

144.6
155.2
239.8
225.4

1.7
1.9
4.5
3.2

.6
4.3
6.0
5.1

2.8
4.5
5.4
7.6

-.3
2.6
5.0
7.8

1.1
3.1
5.2
4.2

1.3
3.6
5.2
7.7

Personal and educational services ......

238.3

239.3

240.4

241.1

4.4

6.2

5.2

4.8

5.3

5.0

137.3
150.1
129.4
129.3
127.9

138.1
150.3
130.5
131.1
128.9

138.1
150.5
130.5
131.1
127.9

139.1
151.3
131.6
132.6
128.7

3.3
3.0
3.0
2.5
3.1
-2.2

1.3
.3
3.3
-1.5
-3.9
.9

2.4
1.5
1.9
1.2
2.2
.9

4.3
5.3
3.2
7.0
10.6
2.5

2.3
1.6
3.2
.5
-.5
-.6

3.4
3.4
2.6
4.1
6.3
1.7

132.7
128.6
168.3
157.4

134.9
129.0
168.7
157.9

135.5
129.4
169.2
158.2

137.7
129.4
169.6
158.6

5.5
1.3
3.4
3.7

-6.1
.6
2.7
3.1

1.8
1.3
3.2
3.4

15.9
2.5
3.1
3.1

-.5
.9
3.1
3.4

8.7
1.9
3.1
3.2

128.1
174.7
228.2
194.3

128.0
174.6
228.9
195.1

128.7
175.5
229.4
196.0

129.2
175.6
229.9
196.4

1.3
6.2
4.4
3.4

.0
.5
4.9
4.9

4.2
-.2
3.8
4.2

3.5
2.1
3.0
4.4

.6
3.3
4.7
4.2

3.8
.9
3.4
4.3

151.4
148.1
142.0
147.8
130.5
130.8
134.2
139.8
159.5
163.2
103.5
158.0
160.3

152.1
148.7
142.6
148.4
131.7
132.5
136.1
140.9
159.8
163.5
105.7
158.4
160.8

152.4
149.0
142.9
148.7
131.7
132.5
136.4
141.1
160.5
164.0
105.9
158.7
161.1

153.0
149.8
143.6
149.4
132.8
134.0
138.4
142.3
160.7
164.4
107.8
159.3
161.6

3.3
3.1
3.2
3.1
2.5
2.8
5.2
2.6
3.1
3.6
7.9
2.6
2.8

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.4
-1.2
-3.3
-4.7
-.3
2.6
2.5
-12.2
2.9
2.6

2.7
1.9
2.0
2.2
.9
2.2
2.4
2.0
2.8
3.0
1.6
2.3
2.5

4.3
4.7
4.6
4.4
7.2
10.2
13.1
7.3
3.0
3.0
17.7
3.3
3.3

2.2
2.1
2.2
2.2
.6
-.3
.2
1.2
2.8
3.0
-2.7
2.7
2.7

3.5
3.3
3.3
3.3
4.0
6.1
7.6
4.7
2.9
3.0
9.3
2.8
2.9

140.0
97.0
174.0

140.5
100.9
174.4

140.6
100.5
174.9

141.1
104.2
175.4

.6
15.3
3.8

2.0
-20.4
2.8

1.7
-1.2
3.0

3.2
33.2
3.3

1.3
-4.2
3.3

2.5
14.7
3.2

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.

NOTE:

Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

U.S. city average ......................

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
Dec.
1995

Jan.
1996

Feb.
1996

Mar.
1996

Percent change to
Mar. 1996 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Feb. 1996 fromFeb.
Dec.
Jan.
1995
1995
1996

M

153.5

154.4

154.9

155.7

2.8

0.8

0.5

2.7

0.9

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

160.5
161.1
158.6
158.6

161.4
162.2
158.7
159.8

162.2
163.0
159.2
160.6

162.8
163.7
160.2
160.8

3.0
3.2
2.8
2.7

.9
.9
.9
.6

.4
.4
.6
.1

2.9
3.0
2.2
2.9

1.1
1.2
.4
1.3

.5
.5
.3
.5

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

149.5
150.3
148.0
151.5

150.2
151.0
148.6
152.2

150.8
151.7
149.5
152.4

151.7
152.6
150.4
153.1

3.0
2.8
2.9
3.2

1.0
1.1
1.2
.6

.6
.6
.6
.5

2.8
2.5
3.0
3.2

.9
.9
1.0
.6

.4
.5
.6
.1

M

145.8

146.5

146.9

147.7

3.5

.8

.5

3.2

.8

.3

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

150.3
149.5
152.4
150.3

151.1
150.4
153.2
151.1

151.5
150.6
154.1
151.4

152.4
151.5
155.0
152.2

3.0
2.4
3.1
3.8

.9
.7
1.2
.7

.6
.6
.6
.5

2.8
2.2
3.0
3.6

.8
.7
1.1
.7

.3
.1
.6
.2

M

149.1

149.9

150.1

151.6

3.4

1.1

1.0

2.7

.7

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

154.3
154.4
158.6

155.3
155.4
159.8

155.8
155.9
160.8

156.4
156.6
161.4

2.4
2.0
4.0

.7
.8
1.0

.4
.4
.4

2.2
1.8
3.7

1.0
1.0
1.4

.3
.3
.6

Size classes
A 3/ .................................

M

138.6

139.5

140.0

140.7

2.6

.9

.5

2.4

1.0

.4

Region and area size 2/

B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M

153.4
153.5
150.1

153.9
154.4
150.9

154.7
154.8
151.1

155.5
155.5
152.1

2.9
3.5
3.4

1.0
.7
.8

.5
.5
.7

2.8
3.3
3.1

.8
.8
.7

.5
.3
.1

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

153.8
154.6
163.7
159.1
152.1

154.6
155.7
164.8
160.3
152.9

155.2
156.2
165.7
161.2
153.2

156.3
157.3
166.5
162.0
152.9

2.4
1.7
3.5
2.5
1.2

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.1
.0

.7
.7
.5
.5
-.2

1.9
1.1
3.4
2.2
1.8

.9
1.0
1.2
1.3
.7

.4
.3
.5
.6
.2

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

153.0
162.8
150.9
152.4
148.9
158.4

1.8
2.8
2.4
2.5
3.0
2.1

.9
.4
1.3
.3
1.2
1.0

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

145.5
150.3
140.9
150.0

151.6
162.2
149.0
152.0
147.2
156.8
-

146.2
151.3
141.5
151.1

-

-

-

-

-

2.0
2.7
1.6
2.6

.5
.7
.4
.7

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

-

Indexes

Percent change to
Mar. 1996 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Feb. 1996 fromFeb.
Dec.
Jan.
1995
1995
1996

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

150.9

151.7

152.2

152.9

2.8

0.8

0.5

2.6

0.9

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

158.0
157.6
156.5
160.4

158.8
158.5
156.5
161.4

159.4
159.2
156.9
162.0

160.1
160.0
158.1
162.1

3.0
3.2
2.7
2.5

.8
.9
1.0
.4

.4
.5
.8
.1

2.7
2.8
2.1
2.8

.9
1.0
.3
1.0

.4
.4
.3
.4

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

146.3
146.4
144.5
148.9

147.0
147.1
145.0
149.6

147.5
147.7
145.7
149.8

148.3
148.6
146.6
150.4

2.8
2.7
2.8
3.3

.9
1.0
1.1
.5

.5
.6
.6
.4

2.7
2.4
2.8
3.2

.8
.9
.8
.6

.3
.4
.5
.1

M

144.1

144.7

144.9

145.7

3.3

.7

.6

3.2

.6

.1

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

148.9
147.8
148.9
150.3

149.7
148.6
149.6
151.1

150.0
148.7
150.3
151.3

150.8
149.5
151.1
152.0

2.9
2.3
2.9
3.8

.7
.6
1.0
.6

.5
.5
.5
.5

2.8
2.3
2.7
3.6

.7
.6
.9
.7

.2
.1
.5
.1

M

149.5

150.4

150.4

152.1

3.7

1.1

1.1

2.7

.6

.0

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

151.3
150.0
155.5

152.2
150.9
156.6

152.7
151.2
157.6

153.4
152.1
158.2

2.4
2.0
3.9

.8
.8
1.0

.5
.6
.4

2.2
1.7
3.5

.9
.8
1.4

.3
.2
.6

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

137.7
150.7
152.7
149.4

138.5
151.1
153.5
150.2

138.9
151.8
153.9
150.3

139.7
152.6
154.4
151.4

2.6
2.8
3.4
3.5

.9
1.0
.6
.8

.6
.5
.3
.7

2.4
2.6
3.3
3.1

.9
.7
.8
.6

.3
.5
.3
.1

M
M

149.0
149.4

149.7
150.4

150.2
150.9

151.3
151.9

2.4
1.7

1.1
1.0

.7
.7

1.8
1.1

.8
1.0

.3
.3

Dec.
1995

Jan.
1996

Feb.
1996

Mar.
1996

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......

N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

159.9
158.7
149.6
145.4
145.5
140.5
143.7

160.9
159.7
150.5
150.3
161.1
141.5
150.0
146.5
153.9
-

161.7
160.5
150.5
145.9
146.5
140.8
144.7

162.5
161.3
150.7

3.4
2.4
1.2

1.0
1.0
.1

151.8
161.7
143.1
150.3
148.0
155.4

1.8
3.1
2.4
2.5
2.8
2.0

1.0
.4
1.1
.2
1.0
1.0

-

-

-

.5
.5
.1
-

3.3
1.9
1.5
-

1.1
1.1
.6
-

2.2
2.7
1.4
2.6

.5
.5
.0
-

.3
.7
.2
.7

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-