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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

for
for
for
for
for
for

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI Quickline:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
USDL-95-123
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)
Wednesday, April 12, 1995

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX--MARCH 1995

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose
0.3 percent before seasonal adjustment in March to a level of 151.4
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.
Department of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended
in March, the CPI-U increased 2.9 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) increased 0.3 percent in March, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The March 1995 CPI-W level of 148.7 was 3.0 percent
higher than the index in March 1994.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent in
March, following increases of 0.3 percent in both January and
February. In March, the index for food was unchanged, following an
increase of 0.3 percent in February. The moderation reflected a
sharp drop in fresh fruit and vegetable prices. Energy costs fell
for the second consecutive month, down 0.5 percent in March after
declining 0.1 percent in February. The larger decrease in March
resulted from a downturn in the index for household fuels; the
index for motor fuels registered a 0.4 percent decline, the same as
in February. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U increased 0.3
percent for the second consecutive month.

Table A. Percent Changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
1995
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.|Mar.95 |Mar95
____________________________________________________________________
All items
|
.2
.1
.1
.2
.3
.3
.2
3.2
2.9
Food and beverages|
.3
.0
.2
.6 -.2
.3
.0
.3
2.8
Housing
|
.2
.2
.1
.0
.4
.3
.2
3.6
2.3
Apparel and upkeep|
.1 -.2 -.3 -.2
.7 -.6
.0
.3
-1.2
Transportation
|
.1 -.1
.1
.2
.6
.4
.6
6.3
4.4
Medical care
|
.4
.5
.4
.5
.3
.3
.3
3.8
4.8
Entertainment
|
.1
.1
.4
.1
.4
.2
.0
2.4
2.0
Other goods & serv|
.1
.4
.4
.3
.0
.8
.1
3.6
4.3
Special indexes: |
Energy
| -.6 -.3
.5 -.1
.3 -.1 -.5 -1.1
1.3
Food
|
.2
.1
.1
.8 -.3
.3
.0
.0
2.9
AI - food & energy|
.2
.2
.2
.1
.4
.3
.3
4.1
3.0
____________________________________________________________________
During the first 3 months of 1995, the CPI-U rose at a 3.2
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with
a 2.7 percent increase for all of 1994. The food index was
unchanged during the first 3 months, while energy costs declined at
a 1.1 percent rate.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U increased at a 4.1
percent rate in the first 3 months of 1995. This compares with a
2.6 percent increase in all of 1994. Upturns in the indexes for
apparel and upkeep, public transportation, and household
furnishings and operations were largely responsible for the firstquarter acceleration. The rates for selected groups during the
past 8 and 1/4 years are shown below.
?_________________________________________________________________________________?__
Percent change 12 months
ended in December

SAAR 3
Mos end
in Mar.

All Items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel and upkeep
Transportation
Medical care
Entertainment
Other goods & services
Special indexes:
Energy
Food
All Items less food
and energy

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

4.6
5.5
3.9
1.0
4.0
8.5
5.1
8.2

6.1
5.3
4.5
5.1
10.4
9.6
4.3
7.6

3.1
2.5
3.4
3.4
-1.5
7.9
3.9
8.0

2.9
1.6
2.6
1.4
3.0
6.6
2.8
6.5

2.7
2.7
2.7
.9
2.4
5.4
2.8
2.7

2.7
2.7
2.2
-1.6
3.8
4.9
2.3
4.2

3.2
.3
3.6
.3
6.3
3.8
2.4
3.6

5.1
5.6

18.1
5.3

-7.4
1.9

2.0
1.5

-1.4
2.9

2.2
2.9

-1.1
.0

4.4

5.2

4.4

3.3

3.2

2.6

4.1

The food and beverage index was unchanged in March. Grocery
store food prices declined 0.2 percent, following an increase of
0.3 percent in February. The moderation in March largely reflects
a downturn in the index for fruits and vegetables, which declined
1.8 percent in March after increasing 0.7 percent in February. The
index for fresh fruits and vegetables fell 2.8 percent, while that
for processed fruits and vegetables rose 0.4 percent. Among other
major grocery store food groups, the indexes for cereal and bakery
products and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs also contributed to the
deceleration in March, each advancing 0.1 percent following a 0.5
percent increase in February. The indexes for dairy products and
for other food at home each turned up in March, increasing 0.2 and
0.3 percent, respectively. The other two components of the food and
beverage index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--each rose
0.3 percent.
The housing component increased 0.2 percent in March, following
a 0.3 percent rise in February. Shelter costs rose 0.3 percent for
the third consecutive month. Within shelter, renters' costs
advanced 0.6 percent; homeowners' costs, 0.2 percent; and
maintenance and repair costs, 0.3 percent. The index for fuel and
other utilities, which was unchanged in February, declined 0.2
percent in March. The index for household fuels fell 0.4 percent,
as decreases in the indexes for natural gas and electricity--down
1.4 and 0.1 percent, respectively--more than offset a 0.4 percent
increase in the index for fuel oil. The index for other utilities
and public services rose 0.1 percent, as a decrease in charges for

telephone services was more than offset by increases in the indexes
for water and sewerage maintenance, refuse collection, and cable
television. The index for household furnishings and operation rose
0.2 percent in March.
The transportation index continued its relatively rapid advance
in March--up 0.6 percent--despite declining gasoline prices and
little change in new vehicle prices. The index for motor fuels
declined 0.4 percent in March, the same as in February. The
increase of 0.2 percent in the index for new vehicles continues a
pattern of very little movement evident since the introduction of
the 1995 models. On the other hand, automobile finance charges
continued to increase sharply, advancing 3.5 percent in March and
32.8 percent in the last 12 months. The used car index also
continued to rise sharply, advancing 1.7 percent in March and 15.9
percent in the past 12 months. The index for public
transportation, which declined 6.2 percent in 1994, increased 4.5
percent in the first quarter of 1995. Airline fares rose 3.4
percent in March and 6.9 percent in the first 3 months of 1995,
following a decline of 9.5 percent in 1994.
The index for apparel and upkeep was unchanged in March.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, clothing prices rose 2.8 percent in
March, reflecting seasonal price increases associated with the
continued introduction of the 1995 spring-summer wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in March to a level 4.8
percent higher than a year earlier. The index for medical care
commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical
supplies--declined 0.1 percent for the second consecutive month,
reflecting another decrease in prescription drug prices. The index
for medical care services rose 0.4 percent in March. Charges for
professional services and hospital and related services increased
0.2 and 0.4 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs were unchanged in March. A decrease in the
index for entertainment commodities, largely resulting from price
declines in the indexes for toys, hobbies, and other entertainment
commodities and for sporting goods and equipment, offset an
increase in the index for entertainment services.
The index for other goods and services increased 0.1 percent in
March, following a 0.8 percent rise in February. Charges for legal
fees and personal financial services, each of which rose sharply in
February, turned down in March.

CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners
and Clerical Workers rose 0.3 percent in March.

Table B.

Percent Changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
1995
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.|Mar.95 |Mar95
____________________________________________________________________
All items
|
.2
.1
.2
.2
.3
.3
.3
3.6
3.0
Food and beverages|
.3
.0
.2
.6 -.2
.3
.0
.3
2.7
Housing
|
.1
.1
.2
.0
.4
.2
.2
3.4
2.1
Apparel and upkeep|
.1 -.4 -.4 -.3
.7 -.3
.1
1.9
-1.1
Transportation
|
.1
.0
.4
.4
.7
.4
.7
7.2
5.4
Medical care
|
.4
.6
.4
.5
.3
.3
.3
3.6
4.8
Entertainment
|
.0
.2
.4
.0
.4
.2
.0
2.4
2.0
Other goods & serv|
.3
.3
.4
.3 -.1
.7
.1
2.8
4.1
Special indexes: |
Energy
| -.6 -.4
.6 -.1
.2 -.1 -.4 -1.1
1.4
Food
|
.3
.0
.1
.7 -.1
.2
.0
.3
2.8
AI - food & energy|
.3
.2
.2
.2
.4
.3
.4
4.4
3.1
____________________________________________________________________

Consumer Price Index data for April will be released on Friday,
May 12, 1995, 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Feb.
Mar.
1994
1995
1995

Unadjusted
percent change to
Mar. 1995 fromMar. 1994 Feb. 1995

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromDec. to
Jan. to
Feb. to
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

150.9
452.0

151.4
453.5

2.9
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.412
15.838
9.934
1.464
2.892
1.169
2.013
2.396
.326
.249
.796
1.026
5.904
1.574

147.8
147.4
147.9
165.8
137.6
132.1
177.1
140.6
135.8
136.8
133.7
149.7
147.6
152.4

147.9
147.4
147.6
165.3
138.4
132.2
174.0
140.7
136.4
136.8
132.9
150.5
148.1
153.1

2.8
2.9
3.4
3.1
.4
.3
6.9
6.1
.8
3.2
14.6
2.8
2.3
1.1

.1
.0
-.2
-.3
.6
.1
-1.8
.1
.4
.0
-.6
.5
.3
.5

-.2
-.3
-.5
-.2
.2
.2
-2.6
.1
-.1
.3
-.1
.3
.1
.1

.3
.3
.3
.5
.5
-.2
.7
-.1
.0
.0
-.3
.1
.1
.0

.0
.0
-.2
.1
.1
.2
-1.8
.3
.7
.2
-.2
.6
.3
.3

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public

41.187
28.042
7.955
5.765
2.190
19.889
19.501
.389
.198
.120

147.0
163.8
172.9
156.4
202.9
168.9
169.1
156.1
133.8
137.9

147.4
164.5
174.6
156.7
208.7
169.2
169.5
157.1
134.2
138.8

2.3
2.9
2.6
2.3
3.4
3.1
3.1
4.7
3.8
5.3

.3
.4
1.0
.2
2.9
.2
.2
.6
.3
.7

.4
.3
.2
.3
.2
.4
.4
.5
.3
.2

.3
.3
.3
.2
.6
.3
.2
.1
.5
.4

.2
.3
.6
.2
1.5
.2
.2
.7
.3
.7

.078
7.093
3.859

128.2
122.6
110.4

128.2
122.3
109.8

1.7
-.1
-1.2

.0
-.2
-.5

.6
.5
.2

.5
.0
.1

.0
-.2
-.4

.360

89.6

89.0

-3.8

-.7

-.1

-.3

.1

3.499

117.6

117.1

-.8

-.4

.3

.2

-.4

services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

3.234
6.052
3.508
1.088
1.455

151.8
122.4
111.1
134.6
142.8

151.9
122.6
111.2
135.7
142.9

1.2
1.7
.6
2.6
3.7

.1
.2
.1
.8
.1

1.0
.8
.2
.8
2.5

-.2
.3
.4
.5
.1

.1
.2
-.3
1.3
.2

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.656
5.097
1.329
2.269
.204
.747
.548
.559

131.1
127.7
125.6
125.9
126.8
124.8
150.4
157.3

134.4
131.3
127.2
131.5
127.1
125.9
155.0
157.6

-1.2
-1.6
1.3
-4.2
1.0
-.9
1.4
2.2

2.5
2.8
1.3
4.4
.2
.9
3.1
.2

.7
.7
1.2
.5
.0
.9
.0
.4

-.6
-.7
.5
-1.3
-1.6
.1
-1.3
.2

.0
.0
-.1
-.5
.0
-.2
2.7
.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

17.139
15.623
5.059
4.052
1.318
3.106
1.536
4.604

137.5
135.0
140.7
139.1
153.3
98.0
97.7
152.5
169.4

138.0
135.2
140.7
139.0
154.8
97.5
97.2
152.7
170.2

4.4
5.1
2.9
2.7
15.9
4.5
4.9
2.5
6.2

.4
.1
.0
-.1
1.0
-.5
-.5
.1
.5

.6
.5
.2
.1
2.6
.4
.4
.1
.7

.4
.4
.1
.3
2.7
-.4
-.4
.2
.4

.6
.3
.2
.0
1.7
-.4
-.3
.1
.8

.618

104.6

104.6

1.1

.0

-.2

.6

.2

3.986
1.516

184.6
169.9

185.6
174.5

7.1
-2.2

.5
2.7

.8
1.2

.3
.8

.8
2.5

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.266
1.291
5.974
3.416

217.9
203.5
221.3
198.5

218.4
203.7
221.8
199.1

4.8
2.3
5.4
4.6

.2
.1
.2
.3

.3
.0
.4
.3

.3
-.1
.4
.5

.3
-.1
.4
.2

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.335
1.968
2.366

152.5
137.4
170.2

152.6
137.3
170.7

2.0
1.6
2.5

.1
-.1
.3

.4
.2
.5

.2
.1
.4

.0
-.4
.2

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............

7.005
1.607
1.175

204.1
222.7
146.2

204.0
222.5
146.0

4.3
2.2
2.1

.0
-.1
-.1

.0
-1.3
-.1

.8
.4
.3

.1
.1
-.1

.622
.553

142.6
150.1

142.2
150.2

1.8
2.5

-.3
.1

-.3
.1

.3
.5

-.3
.1

Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

4.223
.251
3.972

232.0
212.5
233.6

232.0
212.6
233.6

5.9
4.2
6.0

.0
.0
.0

.4
1.2
.4

1.0
.3
1.1

.3
.5
.3

100.000
43.386
17.412
25.974
15.375
5.097

150.9
135.4
147.8
127.9
128.1
127.7

151.4
135.9
147.9
128.6
129.2
131.3

2.9
2.3
2.8
2.1
1.1
-1.6

.3
.4
.1
.5
.9
2.8

.3
.1
-.2
.3
.3
.7

.3
.1
.3
.1
.0
-.7

.2
.1
.0
.1
.0
.0

10.278
10.599
56.614
27.422

131.3
127.6
166.7
170.4

131.1
127.7
167.3
171.2

2.5
3.5
3.2
2.9

-.2
.1
.4
.5

-.2
.4
.5
.3

.1
.5
.3
.3

-.2
.1
.4
.4

8.731
7.038
5.974
7.450

137.0
173.4
221.3
190.9

136.9
175.0
221.8
191.1

1.0
3.9
5.4
4.3

-.1
.9
.2
.1

.7
.6
.4
.4

-.1
.5
.4
.8

.0
1.0
.4
.3

84.162
71.958
80.111
92.734
27.548
16.950
11.852
32.788
29.192
50.640
6.965
93.035
77.197

151.5
147.2
152.1
147.1
128.8
129.5
132.5
138.1
174.7
161.6
103.7
157.2
159.6

152.1
147.7
152.7
147.6
129.5
130.5
132.4
138.7
175.1
162.2
103.2
157.8
160.4

2.8
2.8
2.8
2.6
2.0
1.1
2.3
2.0
3.4
3.0
1.3
2.9
3.0

.4
.3
.4
.3
.5
.8
-.1
.4
.2
.4
-.5
.4
.5

.4
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
-.2
.1
.6
.5
.3
.3
.4

.3
.3
.3
.3
.1
-.1
.1
.1
.4
.3
-.1
.3
.3

.3
.1
.2
.2
.1
.2
-.1
.1
.2
.4
-.5
.3
.3

24.082
3.466
53.115

138.4
97.2
171.7

139.4
96.7
172.4

1.8
3.5
3.5

.7
-.5
.4

.4
.3
.5

.1
-.4
.4

.1
-.3
.4

-

$.663
.221

$.660
.220

-2.8
-

-.5
-

-.4
-

-.3
-

-.5
-

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Dec.
1994

Jan.
1995

Feb.
1995

Mar.
1995

June
1994

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedSept.
Dec.
Mar.
Sept.
Mar.
1994
1994
1995
1994
1995

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

2.7

3.6

1.9

3.2

3.2

2.6

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

147.3
147.1
147.3
165.0
136.6
131.8
177.4
139.7
135.5
135.7
132.9
148.7
147.2
152.2

147.0
146.7
146.6
164.6
136.9
132.0
172.7
139.9
135.4
136.1
132.8
149.2
147.4
152.3

147.4
147.1
147.1
165.4
137.6
131.7
173.9
139.8
135.4
136.1
132.4
149.3
147.6
152.3

147.4
147.1
146.8
165.6
137.8
132.0
170.7
140.2
136.3
136.4
132.1
150.2
148.1
152.8

2.8
2.8
4.0
5.8
.3
1.8
11.2
2.4
-.3
3.4
1.4
3.6
1.7
1.3

4.8
5.1
6.9
4.5
.3
-3.0
9.3
21.8
1.2
3.3
72.0
4.4
2.2
.0

3.3
3.9
4.2
.5
-2.3
1.5
25.2
.6
.3
3.9
1.2
-.5
2.8
1.9

.3
.0
-1.4
1.5
3.6
.6
-14.3
1.4
2.4
2.1
-2.4
4.1
2.5
1.6

3.8
4.0
5.4
5.2
.3
-.6
10.3
11.7
.4
3.4
32.1
4.0
1.9
.7

1.8
1.9
1.4
1.0
.6
1.1
3.6
1.0
1.3
3.0
-.6
1.8
2.6
1.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................

145.9
162.3
170.1
155.7
197.3

146.5
162.8
170.5
156.1
197.6

146.9
163.3
171.0
156.4
198.7

147.2
163.8
172.0
156.7
201.7

1.4
2.0
2.2
1.0
4.6

2.8
3.8
1.4
3.4
-2.6

1.4
2.5
2.4
2.1
2.9

3.6
3.7
4.5
2.6
9.2

2.1
2.9
1.8
2.2
.9

2.5
3.1
3.5
2.3
6.0

Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

167.8
168.1
155.4
132.7
137.0
126.8
122.7
110.5

168.4
168.7
156.1
133.1
137.3
127.5
123.3
110.7

168.9
169.1
156.3
133.8
137.9
128.2
123.3
110.8

169.2
169.5
157.4
134.2
138.8
128.2
123.1
110.4

2.0
2.0
4.3
7.0
11.4
.3
-1.9
-3.9

4.7
4.7
5.1
.3
1.2
-.6
.0
.4

2.4
2.4
4.2
3.4
3.6
2.6
.3
-.4

3.4
3.4
5.2
4.6
5.4
4.5
1.3
-.4

3.3
3.3
4.7
3.6
6.2
-.2
-1.0
-1.8

2.9
2.9
4.7
4.0
4.5
3.5
.8
-.4

87.7

87.6

87.3

87.4

-10.6

2.3

-5.3

-1.4

-4.4

-3.3

118.2
150.6
121.0
110.7
132.7
139.1

118.5
152.1
122.0
110.9
133.8
142.6

118.7
151.8
122.4
111.3
134.5
142.8

118.2
151.9
122.6
111.0
136.3
143.1

-3.0
.8
2.7
4.8
-2.4
1.5

.0
-.3
.3
-.7
2.1
1.5

.0
.8
-1.0
-2.1
.0
.6

.0
3.5
5.4
1.1
11.3
12.0

-1.5
.3
1.5
2.0
-.2
1.5

.0
2.1
2.2
-.5
5.5
6.1

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.1
128.8
125.1
128.1
130.4
124.5
151.9
156.4

133.0
129.7
126.6
128.8
130.4
125.6
151.9
157.0

132.2
128.8
127.2
127.1
128.3
125.7
149.9
157.3

132.2
128.8
127.1
126.5
128.3
125.4
153.9
157.6

3.0
3.1
3.2
4.9
2.5
1.9
-4.9
3.4

-4.7
-5.4
3.5
-12.0
5.1
-6.5
3.8
2.1

-3.0
-3.3
-7.3
-3.7
3.4
-1.3
1.6
.3

.3
.0
6.5
-4.9
-6.3
2.9
5.4
3.1

-.9
-1.2
3.4
-3.9
3.8
-2.4
-.7
2.7

-1.3
-1.7
-.6
-4.3
-1.5
.8
3.5
1.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

136.6
134.7
139.2
137.6
149.4
101.3
101.1
152.1
166.6

137.4
135.4
139.5
137.7
153.3
101.7
101.5
152.2
167.7

137.9
135.9
139.6
138.1
157.4
101.3
101.1
152.5
168.3

138.7
136.3
139.9
138.1
160.0
100.9
100.8
152.6
169.6

2.7
3.8
4.8
4.2
7.4
-2.1
-2.1
2.4
5.4

7.7
7.9
5.0
4.8
7.6
22.5
23.6
3.5
4.3

1.2
4.3
-.3
.3
18.8
.8
.8
2.7
8.1

6.3
4.8
2.0
1.5
31.5
-1.6
-1.2
1.3
7.4

5.2
5.8
4.9
4.5
7.5
9.5
10.0
3.0
4.8

3.7
4.6
.9
.9
25.0
-.4
-.2
2.0
7.7

103.9

103.7

104.3

104.5

1.2

-1.2

1.9

2.3

.0

2.1

181.5
163.5

182.9
165.4

183.5
166.8

185.0
170.9

6.2
-4.9

5.1
4.2

9.1
-22.9

7.9
19.4

5.6
-.5

8.5
-4.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................

216.2
203.4
218.9

216.9
203.5
219.8

217.6
203.3
220.6

218.2
203.1
221.4

5.1
3.7
5.4

5.0
2.8
5.6

5.6
3.2
6.1

3.8
-.6
4.6

5.1
3.2
5.5

4.6
1.3
5.4

Professional medical services ..........

196.8

197.3

198.3

198.7

4.5

4.2

5.7

3.9

4.4

4.8

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

151.5
137.2
168.5

152.1
137.5
169.4

152.4
137.6
170.1

152.4
137.1
170.5

1.6
3.0
.2

1.9
3.0
1.2

2.1
.3
3.6

2.4
-.3
4.8

1.7
3.0
.7

2.3
.0
4.2

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

203.1
223.5
145.8

203.0
220.7
145.7

204.6
221.6
146.2

204.9
221.8
146.0

6.3
5.5
6.3

3.3
3.9
-.3

4.5
2.7
1.9

3.6
-3.0
.5

4.7
4.7
3.0

4.0
-.2
1.2

142.6
149.2
228.8
208.2
230.2

142.2
149.4
229.8
210.6
231.1

142.6
150.1
232.2
211.2
233.6

142.2
150.2
232.9
212.2
234.3

6.1
6.1
6.5
3.8
6.7

.0
-.3
4.0
3.2
4.2

2.3
1.4
5.8
2.1
5.9

-1.1
2.7
7.4
7.9
7.3

3.0
2.9
5.3
3.5
5.4

.6
2.0
6.6
5.0
6.6

135.3
147.3
128.0
128.9
128.8

135.5
147.0
128.4
129.3
129.7

135.7
147.4
128.5
129.3
128.8

135.8
147.4
128.6
129.3
128.8

2.7
2.7
2.8
2.9
1.3
3.1

3.6
4.0
4.8
3.5
2.8
-5.4

1.9
1.5
3.3
.3
-.9
-3.3

3.2
1.5
.3
1.9
1.2
.0

3.2
3.3
3.8
3.2
2.0
-1.2

2.6
1.5
1.8
1.1
.2
-1.7

131.5
126.5
165.2
169.1

131.2
127.0
166.0
169.6

131.3
127.6
166.5
170.1

131.1
127.7
167.1
170.7

7.4
4.6
2.5
2.2

8.2
2.6
3.2
3.6

-3.9
2.9
2.5
2.2

-1.2
3.8
4.7
3.8

7.8
3.6
2.9
2.9

-2.5
3.4
3.6
3.0

136.8
170.2
218.9
189.2

137.8
171.3
219.8
189.9

137.7
172.1
220.6
191.4

137.7
173.8
221.4
191.9

.0
2.7
5.4
4.4

.3
4.6
5.6
2.6

1.2
-.2
6.1
4.6

2.7
8.7
4.6
5.8

.1
3.6
5.5
3.5

1.9
4.2
5.4
5.2

150.6
146.5
151.3
146.2
129.1
130.3
132.6
138.2

151.2
147.0
151.8
146.6
129.5
130.6
132.4
138.4

151.6
147.4
152.2
147.0
129.6
130.5
132.5
138.5

152.0
147.6
152.5
147.3
129.7
130.7
132.4
138.6

2.5
2.8
2.7
2.2
2.9
1.2
6.3
2.1

3.3
3.6
3.3
3.4
2.8
2.8
7.2
3.6

1.9
1.7
1.9
1.9
.6
-.6
-3.3
1.5

3.8
3.0
3.2
3.0
1.9
1.2
-.6
1.2

2.9
3.2
3.0
2.8
2.9
2.0
6.8
2.8

2.8
2.3
2.5
2.5
1.2
.3
-1.9
1.3

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables ..................................

Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

172.9
160.1
105.4
156.2
158.5

174.0
160.9
105.7
156.7
159.2

174.7
161.4
105.6
157.1
159.6

175.1
162.0
105.1
157.5
160.1

2.6
2.3
-3.0
2.9
3.1

2.8
2.8
9.2
3.2
2.6

2.8
2.0
.4
2.3
2.0

5.2
4.8
-1.1
3.4
4.1

2.7
2.6
2.9
3.0
2.8

4.0
3.4
-.4
2.9
3.1

137.9
99.9
170.0

138.4
100.2
170.8

138.6
99.8
171.4

138.8
99.5
172.0

3.9
-3.3
2.7

.9
20.3
3.6

.3
.4
2.6

2.6
-1.6
4.8

2.4
7.8
3.2

1.5
-.6
3.7

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Feb.
Mar.
1994
1995
1995

Unadjusted
percent change to
Mar. 1995 fromMar. 1994 Feb. 1995

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromDec. to
Jan. to
Feb. to
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

148.3
441.7

148.7
443.0

3.0
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........

19.320
17.629
11.243
1.670
3.398
1.299
2.124
2.751
.367
.286
.920

147.3
146.9
147.1
165.6
137.4
131.8
175.8
140.2
135.8
136.7
132.9

147.3
146.8
146.8
165.1
138.1
131.9
172.7
140.3
136.4
136.7
132.2

2.7
2.8
3.2
3.1
.2
.2
6.8
5.9
.9
3.2
13.6

.0
-.1
-.2
-.3
.5
.1
-1.8
.1
.4
.0
-.5

-.2
-.1
-.4
-.2
.3
.1
-2.6
.1
-.1
.2
-.1

.3
.2
.3
.7
.5
-.2
.6
.0
.1
.1
-.2

.0
.0
-.2
.0
.1
.2
-1.7
.3
.7
.3
-.2

Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

1.179
6.387
1.690

149.5
147.5
152.0

150.2
147.9
152.7

2.8
2.3
1.2

.5
.3
.5

.1
.3
.0

.3
.1
.1

.4
.4
.3

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

38.759
25.753
8.073
6.615
1.458
17.491
17.161
.331
.189
.104

144.0
159.3
151.3
156.1
202.9
154.0
154.2
143.4
133.2
140.8

144.3
159.9
152.3
156.4
208.5
154.3
154.5
144.2
133.7
141.7

2.1
3.0
2.6
2.4
3.5
3.1
3.1
5.0
3.3
4.7

.2
.4
.7
.2
2.8
.2
.2
.6
.4
.6

.4
.3
.1
.2
-.3
.3
.3
.4
.3
.1

.2
.2
.3
.3
.7
.1
.1
.2
.3
.2

.2
.4
.4
.2
1.4
.3
.3
.6
.4
.6

.085
7.329
3.958

123.0
122.2
109.7

123.1
121.9
109.1

1.7
-.2
-1.3

.1
-.2
-.5

.5
.5
.2

.4
.1
.2

.1
-.2
-.5

.331

89.5

88.9

-3.7

-.7

-.1

-.2

.1

3.627

116.9

116.3

-1.0

-.5

.3

.3

-.7

3.372
5.676
3.432
1.122
1.122

152.2
121.2
109.9
134.8
146.0

152.3
121.4
109.9
135.9
146.1

1.1
1.8
.6
2.6
4.5

.1
.2
.0
.8
.1

.9
.8
.2
.8
3.0

-.1
.4
.5
.4
.2

.1
.1
-.2
1.1
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.661
5.136
1.329
2.214
.263
.827
.503
.524

130.0
126.8
125.2
124.3
127.0
125.3
149.7
156.8

133.2
130.3
126.7
129.8
127.4
126.8
154.6
157.1

-1.1
-1.4
1.4
-4.0
.6
-1.0
1.6
2.2

2.5
2.8
1.2
4.4
.3
1.2
3.3
.2

.7
.7
1.2
.6
-.1
.8
.3
.4

-.3
-.3
1.0
-1.1
-2.7
.2
-.1
.2

.1
.0
.1
-.6
.2
.0
2.7
.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................

19.183
18.027
4.982
3.622
2.382
3.819
-

137.1
135.4
141.4
138.7
154.0
97.8
97.5

137.6
135.7
141.5
138.7
155.5
97.3
97.0

5.4
5.9
3.0
2.7
15.8
4.5
4.8

.4
.2
.1
.0
1.0
-.5
-.5

.7
.6
.1
.2
2.8
.3
.4

.4
.5
.1
.2
2.5
-.4
-.3

.7
.5
.4
.1
1.8
-.3
-.3

Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

1.617
5.227

153.3
165.4

153.5
166.3

2.5
6.8

.1
.5

.0
.7

.1
.6

.2
.9

.780

103.8

103.8

.9

.0

-.3

.7

.1

4.447
1.156

180.9
166.5

181.9
170.1

7.8
-1.8

.6
2.2

.8
.7

.6
.7

.9
2.0

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.173
1.063
5.110
2.920

217.3
201.3
220.9
199.4

217.7
201.5
221.4
200.0

4.8
2.2
5.4
4.7

.2
.1
.2
.3

.3
.0
.4
.3

.3
-.1
.4
.5

.3
.0
.4
.2

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.005
2.054
1.951

150.4
136.8
170.1

150.6
136.7
170.6

2.0
1.4
2.6

.1
-.1
.3

.4
.3
.5

.2
.1
.4

.0
-.3
.4

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

6.900
2.128
1.139

201.5
222.9
146.4

201.4
222.6
146.1

4.1
2.3
2.0

.0
-.1
-.2

-.1
-1.2
-.1

.7
.5
.3

.1
.1
-.2

.646
.493
3.633
.220
3.413

143.4
150.1
227.5
213.4
228.9

142.9
150.2
227.7
213.6
229.0

1.9
2.4
5.9
3.8
6.0

-.3
.1
.1
.1
.0

-.3
.2
.5
1.4
.4

.2
.4
.8
-.1
.9

-.3
.1
.3
.5
.3

100.000
47.499
19.320
28.180
16.400
5.136

148.3
135.3
147.3
127.9
127.6
126.8

148.7
135.7
147.3
128.6
128.5
130.3

3.0
2.6
2.7
2.6
1.3
-1.4

.3
.3
.0
.5
.7
2.8

.3
.1
-.2
.4
.2
.7

.3
.3
.3
.2
.0
-.3

.3
.1
.0
.2
.1
.0

11.263
11.780
52.501
25.206

130.8
127.2
164.1
153.3

130.6
127.5
164.6
153.8

2.6
4.6
3.3
2.9

-.2
.2
.3
.3

-.3
.6
.4
.2

-.1
.6
.3
.4

-.2
.4
.3
.3

8.584
7.220
5.110
6.381

125.8
171.5
220.9
187.7

125.6
172.8
221.4
188.0

.8
5.0
5.4
4.3

-.2
.8
.2
.2

.7
.7
.4
.4

.0
.5
.4
.6

-.2
.9
.4
.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

82.371
74.247
82.509
93.827
29.870
18.090
12.954
35.719
27.295
47.390
7.777
92.223
74.594

148.5
145.5
139.4
145.0
128.8
129.0
132.0
137.7
155.8
159.3
103.1
154.6
156.6

149.0
145.9
139.9
145.5
129.5
129.9
131.9
138.2
156.1
159.7
102.5
155.2
157.3

3.0
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.5
1.2
2.4
2.1
3.6
3.0
1.4
3.1
3.1

.3
.3
.4
.3
.5
.7
-.1
.4
.2
.3
-.6
.4
.4

.4
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
-.3
.1
.6
.4
.2
.3
.4

.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.0
.0
.2
.4
.4
-.1
.3
.3

.3
.2
.2
.2
.2
.1
-.1
-.1
.3
.2
-.4
.3
.4

25.720
4.150
48.874

137.9
97.3
169.3

138.8
96.8
169.9

2.4
3.8
3.5

.7
-.5
.4

.4
.3
.5

.4
-.5
.3

.3
-.2
.4

-

$.674
.226

$.672
.226

-2.9
-

-.3
-

-.3
-

-.4
-

-.3
-

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Dec.
1994
Expenditure category

Jan.
1995

Feb.
1995

Mar.
1995

June
1994

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedSept.
Dec.
Mar.
Sept.
Mar.
1994
1994
1995
1994
1995

All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

2.5

3.9

2.2

3.6

3.2

2.9

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

146.9
146.4
146.5
164.7
136.3
131.6
176.7
139.2
135.5
135.5
131.8
148.6
147.0
151.9

146.6
146.2
145.9
164.3
136.7
131.7
172.1
139.3
135.3
135.8
131.7
148.8
147.4
151.9

147.0
146.5
146.4
165.4
137.4
131.5
173.1
139.3
135.4
136.0
131.4
149.2
147.5
152.0

147.0
146.5
146.1
165.4
137.5
131.8
170.1
139.7
136.3
136.4
131.2
149.8
148.1
152.4

2.8
2.6
3.4
5.6
.0
1.8
10.7
2.4
-1.2
3.4
1.7
3.6
1.7
1.1

4.5
5.1
6.6
4.5
.3
-3.3
8.8
20.0
2.1
3.0
64.1
4.4
2.2
.5

3.3
3.3
3.9
.5
-2.6
1.8
25.3
.9
.3
3.6
1.2
.0
2.5
2.1

.3
.3
-1.1
1.7
3.6
.6
-14.1
1.4
2.4
2.7
-1.8
3.3
3.0
1.3

3.7
3.8
5.0
5.0
.1
-.8
9.8
10.9
.4
3.2
29.2
4.0
1.9
.8

1.8
1.8
1.4
1.1
.4
1.2
3.7
1.2
1.3
3.2
-.3
1.6
2.8
1.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

143.0
158.2
149.7
155.4
198.3
153.1
153.3
142.8
132.4
140.3
121.9
122.2
109.8

143.6
158.6
149.9
155.7
197.8
153.6
153.8
143.4
132.8
140.5
122.5
122.8
110.0

143.9
158.9
150.3
156.1
199.1
153.8
154.0
143.7
133.2
140.8
123.0
122.9
110.2

144.2
159.5
150.9
156.4
201.8
154.3
154.5
144.6
133.7
141.7
123.1
122.6
109.6

1.4
2.1
2.5
1.8
5.7
1.9
1.9
4.4
6.7
11.7
1.3
-1.6
-4.3

2.6
3.9
2.2
3.2
-2.4
4.9
4.9
6.2
.9
.9
.7
-.3
.0

1.4
2.6
2.4
2.1
3.9
2.4
2.4
4.6
1.8
2.6
1.0
.0
.0

3.4
3.3
3.2
2.6
7.2
3.2
3.2
5.1
4.0
4.1
4.0
1.3
-.7

2.0
3.0
2.3
2.5
1.5
3.4
3.4
5.3
3.7
6.2
1.0
-1.0
-2.2

2.4
2.9
2.8
2.3
5.6
2.8
2.8
4.9
2.9
3.3
2.5
.7
-.4

87.6

87.5

87.3

87.4

-10.2

2.3

-5.3

-.9

-4.1

-3.1

117.5
151.1
119.7
109.3
133.2
141.4

117.8
152.4
120.7
109.5
134.2
145.7

118.1
152.2
121.2
110.0
134.8
146.0

117.3
152.3
121.3
109.8
136.3
146.2

-3.3
1.1
2.0
3.3
-1.2
1.4

.0
-.5
.7
-.4
1.8
2.0

.0
.5
-1.0
-2.2
.6
.9

-.7
3.2
5.5
1.8
9.6
14.3

-1.7
.3
1.3
1.5
.3
1.7

-.3
1.9
2.2
-.2
5.0
7.4

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............

130.6
127.7
124.3
126.5

131.5
128.6
125.8
127.3

131.1
128.2
127.0
125.9

131.2
128.2
127.1
125.1

2.4
2.5
2.3
5.7

-3.8
-4.5
2.9
-11.0

-4.2
-4.3
-7.7
-4.6

1.9
1.6
9.3
-4.4

-.8
-1.1
2.6
-3.1

-1.2
-1.4
.5
-4.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.9
125.1
149.6
155.9

131.8
126.1
150.1
156.5

128.3
126.3
150.0
156.8

128.6
126.3
154.0
157.1

3.5
.6
-8.2
3.4

5.4
-6.1
5.8
2.3

3.4
-2.2
-2.1
.0

-9.6
3.9
12.3
3.1

4.4
-2.8
-1.4
2.9

-3.3
.8
4.8
1.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

136.3
134.9
140.0
137.2
149.8
101.3
101.0
152.9
162.5

137.2
135.7
140.1
137.5
154.0
101.6
101.4
152.9
163.6

137.8
136.4
140.3
137.8
157.9
101.2
101.1
153.1
164.5

138.7
137.1
140.8
137.9
160.8
100.9
100.8
153.4
166.0

3.1
3.8
5.1
4.5
7.1
-2.1
-2.5
2.7
5.8

8.4
8.5
5.0
4.5
7.6
23.0
24.6
3.5
4.6

3.3
4.9
-.3
.0
17.8
.8
.0
2.9
7.7

7.2
6.7
2.3
2.1
32.8
-1.6
-.8
1.3
8.9

5.7
6.1
5.0
4.5
7.3
9.8
10.2
3.1
5.2

5.2
5.8
1.0
1.0
25.0
-.4
-.4
2.1
8.3

103.2

102.9

103.6

103.7

1.2

-1.9

2.4

2.0

-.4

2.2

177.3
161.6

178.8
162.8

179.8
163.9

181.5
167.1

6.8
-5.7

5.7
3.6

8.8
-16.8

9.8
14.3

6.3
-1.2

9.3
-2.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

215.5
201.4
218.5
197.7

216.1
201.3
219.3
198.3

216.8
201.1
220.2
199.2

217.4
201.1
221.0
199.6

5.3
3.7
5.7
4.7

4.7
1.8
5.4
4.4

6.0
4.1
6.3
5.7

3.6
-.6
4.7
3.9

5.0
2.8
5.5
4.6

4.8
1.7
5.5
4.8

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

149.5
136.4
168.4

150.1
136.8
169.2

150.4
136.9
169.9

150.4
136.5
170.5

1.9
2.7
1.0

1.1
1.8
.5

2.4
.6
4.1

2.4
.3
5.1

1.5
2.2
.7

2.4
.4
4.6

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

200.5
223.6
146.1

200.2
220.9
146.0

201.6
222.0
146.4

201.9
222.2
146.1

6.3
5.8
6.0

3.7
4.1
.3

3.9
2.4
1.9

2.8
-2.5
.0

5.0
4.9
3.1

3.4
-.1
1.0

143.5
149.2
224.4
209.3
225.8

143.1
149.5
225.6
212.3
226.8

143.4
150.1
227.5
212.1
228.9

142.9
150.2
228.2
213.1
229.5

5.8
6.4
6.9
3.8
7.0

.8
-1.1
4.5
2.1
4.6

2.5
1.6
5.3
1.7
5.7

-1.7
2.7
6.9
7.5
6.7

3.3
2.6
5.6
2.9
5.8

.4
2.2
6.1
4.6
6.2

135.1
146.9
127.8

135.3
146.6
128.3

135.7
147.0
128.6

135.8
147.0
128.9

2.5
2.8
2.8
2.6

3.9
4.3
4.5
4.2

2.2
1.8
3.3
.6

3.6
2.1
.3
3.5

3.2
3.5
3.7
3.4

2.9
1.9
1.8
2.0

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......

Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

128.5
127.7

128.8
128.6

128.8
128.2

128.9
128.2

1.3
2.5

3.5
-4.5

-.9
-4.3

1.3
1.6

2.4
-1.1

.2
-1.4

131.3
125.9
162.8
152.2

130.9
126.7
163.5
152.5

130.8
127.5
164.0
153.1

130.6
128.0
164.5
153.5

8.8
4.7
2.5
2.2

8.9
3.3
3.3
3.8

-4.4
3.9
3.0
2.1

-2.1
6.8
4.2
3.5

8.8
4.0
2.9
3.0

-3.3
5.4
3.6
2.8

125.7
168.5
218.5
186.1

126.6
169.6
219.3
186.9

126.6
170.4
220.2
188.1

126.4
172.0
221.0
188.6

-.3
3.7
5.7
4.7

.0
4.7
5.4
2.9

1.3
2.9
6.3
4.4

2.2
8.6
4.7
5.5

-.2
4.2
5.5
3.8

1.8
5.7
5.5
4.9

147.5
144.8
138.8
144.2
129.0
129.8
132.4
137.9
154.2
157.9
105.1
153.6
155.6

148.1
145.3
139.2
144.7
129.4
130.1
132.0
138.0
155.2
158.6
105.3
154.1
156.2

148.5
145.7
139.6
145.1
129.8
130.1
132.0
138.3
155.8
159.3
105.2
154.5
156.7

148.9
146.0
139.9
145.4
130.0
130.2
131.9
138.2
156.3
159.6
104.8
155.0
157.3

2.8
2.9
3.0
2.6
2.5
1.2
7.7
1.8
2.9
2.6
-3.1
3.0
3.2

3.3
3.7
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.5
7.5
3.9
2.9
2.9
10.5
3.2
2.9

2.2
2.2
2.3
2.0
.9
-.9
-3.5
1.8
3.2
2.3
.4
2.6
2.3

3.9
3.4
3.2
3.4
3.1
1.2
-1.5
.9
5.6
4.4
-1.1
3.7
4.4

3.1
3.3
3.3
3.1
3.2
2.3
7.6
2.8
2.9
2.7
3.5
3.1
3.0

3.0
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.0
.2
-2.5
1.3
4.4
3.3
-.4
3.2
3.4

137.3
100.3
167.9

137.8
100.6
168.7

138.3
100.1
169.2

138.7
99.9
169.9

3.6
-2.9
3.0

1.5
21.2
3.7

.9
.4
2.9

4.1
-1.6
4.9

2.5
8.5
3.3

2.5
-.6
3.9

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Indexes

Percent change to
Mar. 1995 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1994
1995
1995

Percent change to
Feb. 1995 fromFeb.
Dec.
Jan.
1994
1994
1995

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

149.7

150.3

150.9

151.4

2.9

0.7

0.3

2.9

0.8

0.4

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

156.3
156.6
155.3
155.0

157.1
157.7
155.4
155.7

157.6
158.3
155.7
156.0

158.0
158.7
155.9
156.6

2.4
2.3
2.1
2.9

.6
.6
.3
.6

.3
.3
.1
.4

2.3
2.4
1.8
2.7

.8
1.1
.3
.6

.3
.4
.2
.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

145.7
146.8
144.1
147.1

146.1
147.3
144.4
147.4

146.7
148.0
145.2
147.7

147.3
148.5
146.1
148.3

3.3
3.2
3.0
3.6

.8
.8
1.2
.6

.4
.3
.6
.4

3.2
3.4
2.8
3.3

.7
.8
.8
.4

.4
.5
.6
.2

M

141.2

141.5

142.3

142.7

3.6

.8

.3

3.7

.8

.6

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

146.1
146.0
148.4
145.3

146.7
146.6
148.9
145.7

147.4
147.3
149.6
146.2

148.0
148.0
150.4
146.6

3.1
2.5
3.4
3.2

.9
1.0
1.0
.6

.4
.5
.5
.3

3.1
2.7
3.5
3.2

.9
.9
.8
.6

.5
.5
.5
.3

M

144.3

145.2

146.1

146.6

3.8

1.0

.3

3.8

1.2

.6

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

151.2
152.2
153.3

152.0
152.9
154.1

152.4
153.1
155.1

152.8
153.6
155.2

2.6
2.1
4.4

.5
.5
.7

.3
.3
.1

2.8
2.1
4.6

.8
.6
1.2

.3
.1
.6

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

135.6
149.4
148.8
145.3

136.2
149.9
149.3
145.9

136.7
150.5
149.8
146.6

137.2
151.1
150.2
147.1

2.5
3.1
3.4
3.6

.7
.8
.6
.8

.4
.4
.3
.3

2.6
3.0
3.4
3.6

.8
.7
.7
.9

.4
.4
.3
.5

M
M

150.5
153.4

151.8
154.3

152.3
154.5

152.6
154.6

3.4
1.4

.5
.2

.2
.1

3.7
1.5

1.2
.7

.3
.1

Dec.
1994

Jan.
1995

Feb.
1995

Mar.
1995

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......

N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

158.9
155.4
149.4
141.9
145.5
137.8
146.5

159.9
156.6
150.3
148.7
158.0
146.6
147.3
142.9
153.8
-

160.3
157.8
150.5
143.3
147.3
139.3
147.3

160.9
158.0
151.1

1.9
2.9
2.0

.6
.9
.5

150.3
158.4
147.3
148.7
144.5
155.1

3.7
2.2
2.8
3.6
3.4
2.4

1.1
.3
.5
1.0
1.1
.8

-

-

-

.4
.1
.4
-

1.8
3.2
2.1
-

.9
1.5
.7
-

2.9
4.0
1.7
3.3

1.0
1.2
1.1
.5

.3
.8
.1
-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
Dec.
1994

Jan.
1995

Feb.
1995

Mar.
1995

Percent change to
Mar. 1995 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1994
1995
1995

Percent change to
Feb. 1995 fromFeb.
Dec.
Jan.
1994
1994
1995

U.S. city average ......................

M

147.2

147.8

148.3

148.7

3.0

0.6

0.3

3.0

0.7

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

154.0
153.3
153.1
156.7

154.8
154.3
153.3
157.4

155.2
154.8
153.7
157.6

155.5
155.1
153.9
158.1

2.5
2.4
2.2
3.1

.5
.5
.4
.4

.2
.2
.1
.3

2.5
2.6
2.0
2.9

.8
1.0
.4
.6

.3
.3
.3
.1

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

142.7
143.1
140.6
144.6

143.0
143.5
140.9
144.9

143.6
144.2
141.8
145.2

144.2
144.7
142.6
145.6

3.4
3.4
3.4
3.6

.8
.8
1.2
.5

.4
.3
.6
.3

3.3
3.4
3.1
3.3

.6
.8
.9
.4

.4
.5
.6
.2

M

139.7

139.8

140.4

141.0

3.4

.9

.4

3.4

.5

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

144.9
144.3
145.3
145.3

145.3
144.8
145.6
145.7

145.9
145.4
146.3
146.1

146.5
146.1
146.9
146.5

3.2
2.7
3.6
3.5

.8
.9
.9
.5

.4
.5
.4
.3

3.3
2.9
3.6
3.4

.7
.8
.7
.6

.4
.4
.5
.3

M

144.7

145.6

146.4

146.7

3.7

.8

.2

3.8

1.2

.5

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

148.5
147.9
150.7

149.2
148.5
151.4

149.4
148.7
152.2

149.8
149.1
152.2

2.7
2.2
4.0

.4
.4
.5

.3
.3
.0

2.8
2.3
4.2

.6
.5
1.0

.1
.1
.5

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

134.7
146.9
148.1
144.8

135.3
147.3
148.6
145.2

135.7
147.9
149.0
145.8

136.2
148.5
149.3
146.3

2.6
3.3
3.5
3.6

.7
.8
.5
.8

.4
.4
.2
.3

2.7
3.1
3.4
3.6

.7
.7
.6
.7

.3
.4
.3
.4

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

145.8
148.1
155.4
155.1
147.4

147.1
149.0
156.3
156.4
148.2

147.5
149.2
156.6
157.5
148.3

147.8
149.3
157.1
157.5
148.9

3.4
1.6
2.0
3.1
2.3

.5
.2
.5
.7
.5

.2
.1
.3
.0
.4

3.7
1.6
2.0
3.5
2.3

1.2
.7
.8
1.5
.6

.3
.1
.2
.7
.1

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............

1
1
1
1

149.1
156.9
139.7
146.6

3.4
2.2
2.9
3.9

.9
-.1
.5
.9

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas

-

147.7
157.0
139.0
145.3

-

-

-

-

-

St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

141.7
141.0
137.8
140.3

142.3
151.2
-

142.7
142.7
138.9
141.1

143.9
152.4
-

3.7
2.4
-

1.1
.8
-

-

-

3.3
4.2
1.9
3.5

.7
1.2
.8
.6

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-