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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI Quickline:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902

USDL-94-189
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Wednesday, April 13, 1994

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX--MARCH 1994
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose
0.3 percent before seasonal adjustment in March to a level of 147.2
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.
Department of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended
in March, the CPI-U increased 2.5 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) also increased 0.3 percent in March, prior to
seasonal adjustment. The March 1994 CPI-W level of 144.4 was 2.3
percent higher than the index in March 1993.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
___________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent in
March, the same as in February. The food index increased 0.1
percent in March, following declines in each of the preceding 2
months. The index for fruits and vegetables, which had risen
sharply during the last half of 1993 before declining in the first
2 months of 1994, turned back up in March. The energy index rose
0.4 percent in March, following a 1.6 percent advance in February.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent in March, the
same as in February. Another larger than average advance in
shelter costs, coupled with an upturn in the apparel index,
accounted for nearly half of the March increase.

Table A. Percent Changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1993
1994
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.|Mar. 94|Mar94
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .1
.3
.3
.2
.0
.3
.3 | 2.5 | 2.5
Food and beverages| .3
.4
.2
.5 -.1 -.3
.1 | -.8 | 2.1
Housing
| .2
.2
.2
.2
.1
.4
.3 | 3.4 | 2.8
Apparel and upkeep| -.4 -.1
.7 -.1 -.1 -.3
.4 |
.3 | -.1
Transportation
| .0 1.0
.0 -.2 -.2
.5
.6 | 3.4 | 2.5
Medical care
| .4
.5
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2 | 3.3 | 4.9
Entertainment
| .2
.4
.5
.3
.3
.4
.3 | 4.1 | 3.3
Other goods & serv|-1.0
.3
.4
.4
.1
.3
.4 | 3.1 | 1.8
Special indexes: |
Energy
| -.4 1.9 -.9 -.7 -.8 1.6
.4 | 4.7 | -.6
Food
| .3
.5
.2
.5 -.1 -.3
.1 | -1.1 | 2.2
AI - food & energy| .1
.3
.4
.2
.1
.3
.3 | 2.9 | 2.9
____________________________________________________________________
During the first 3 months of 1994, the CPI-U rose at a 2.5
seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with a 2.7
percent increase in 1993. The food index declined during the first
3 months, reflecting a sharp turnaround in the index for fruits and
vegetables. After increasing at a 18.9 percent rate in the second
half of 1993, the index for fruits and vegetables declined at a
19.5 percent rate in the first 3 months of 1994. On the other
hand, the energy index turned up in the first quarter after
declining throughout most of last year. The index for petroleumbased energy advanced at a 8.7 percent rate during the 3-month
period ended in March, following a 5.1 percent drop in 1993.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced at a 2.9 percent
seasonally adjusted annual rate during the first 3 months of 1994.
This follows a 3.2 percent increase in 1993 and continues the
moderation in this index evident since 1990. Within this group,
the indexes for medical care and apparel and upkeep have also
exhibited this pattern of moderation since 1990. On the other
hand, the shelter index increased at a 4.4 percent rate during the

first 3 months after advancing 3.0 percent last year, and accounted
for over half of the first quarter increase in the index for all
items less food and energy.
Percent change 12 months
ended in December

All Items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel and upkeep
Transportation
Medical care
Entertainment
Other goods & services
Special indexes:
Energy
Food
All Items less food
and energy

SAAR 3
Mos end
in Mar.

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

4.4
5.1
4.0
4.7
3.0
6.9
4.6
7.0

4.6
5.5
3.9
1.0
4.0
8.5
5.1
8.2

6.1
5.3
4.5
5.1
10.4
9.6
4.3
7.6

3.1
2.5
3.4
3.4
-1.5
7.9
3.9
8.0

2.9
1.6
2.6
1.4
3.0
6.6
2.8
6.5

2.7
2.7
2.7
.9
2.4
5.4
2.8
2.7

2.5
-.8
3.4
.3
3.4
3.3
4.1
3.1

.5
5.2

5.1
5.6

18.1
5.3

-7.4
1.9

2.0
1.5

-1.4
2.9

4.7
-1.1

4.7

4.4

5.2

4.4

3.3

3.2

2.9

The food and beverage index turned back up in March, following
declines in each of the preceding 2 months. Grocery store food
prices rose 0.1 percent in March, following declines in both
January and February. The index for fruits and vegetables has been
the predominant factor in the behavior of the grocery store food
index during most of the past 12 months. Substantial increases
during the second half of 1993 were largely responsible for the
acceleration, while sharp decreases in January and February more
than offset small price increases for most other components. In
March, the index for fruits and vegetables rose 0.6 percent; fresh
fruit prices increased 1.7 percent, while fresh vegetable prices
fell 0.1 percent. The index for processed fruits and vegetables
was unchanged. Among other grocery store food groups, the index
for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.1 percent in March.
Declines in prices for pork, poultry, and eggs were more than
offset by increases in the indexes for beef and fish and seafood.
Beef prices, which had declined in each of the preceding 3 months,
rose 0.8 percent in March, their largest advance in nearly a year.
The index for cereal and bakery products declined 0.3 percent in

March, while the index for dairy products was unchanged. The index
for other food at home rose 0.2 percent in March, reflecting an
upturn in prices for carbonated beverages. The other two
components of the food and beverage index--restaurant meals and
alcoholic beverages--rose 0.1 and declined 0.1 percent,
respectively, in March.
The housing component rose 0.3 percent in March, following an
increase of 0.4 percent in February. Shelter costs, which
registered its largest advance in more than 3 years in February--up
0.5 percent--increased 0.4 percent in March. Within shelter,
renters' and homeowners' costs each increased 0.4 percent, while
maintenance and repair costs fell 0.1 percent. The index for fuel
and other utilities--up 0.3 percent--registered its second
consecutive increase after declining in each of the 3 preceding
months. The index for household fuels advanced 0.5 percent,
largely as a result of a 1.9 percent increase in the index for
natural gas. The index for fuel oil rose 0.5 percent, while
charges for electricity declined 0.1 percent. The index for other
utilities and public services increased 0.1 percent in March. The
index for household furnishings and operation continued to register
small changes, advancing 0.1 percent in March, following a 0.4
percent decline in February. During the past 12 months, this
component has risen 1.6 percent.
The transportation index rose 0.6 percent in March, following a
0.5 percent increase in February. A 1.6 percent rise in the index
for public transportation, reflecting sharp increases in airline
fares and other intercity transportation, was responsible for the
larger advance. The index for gasoline, which rose 1.8 percent in
February, increased 0.1 percent in March. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, gasoline prices fell 0.3 percent.) As of March, the
gasoline index was 4.5 percent lower than a year earlier and 18.2
percent below its peak level of December 1990. Automobile purchase
costs advanced substantially for the second consecutive month. The
index for new vehicles rose 0.5 percent, reflecting increases in
prices for new cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Automobile finance
charges, which increased sharply in February, were unchanged in
March. The index for used cars rose 0.4 percent, its first
increase since November. Among other transportation costs, the
index for automobile fees rose 2.3 percent, reflecting sharp
increases in charges for rental vehicles.
The index for apparel and upkeep turned up in March, advancing
0.4 percent after registering declines in each of the 3 preceding

months. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, the index advanced 2.8
percent.) The somewhat slower introduction of spring and summer
merchandise into the market place than in recent years had resulted
in seasonally adjusted declines during the first two months of
1994.
Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in March, 4.9 percent above
its level a year earlier. The index for medical care commodities-prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies-was unchanged in March. The index for medical care services rose
0.3 percent in March. Charges for professional services and
hospital and related services increased 0.4 and 0.5 percent,
respectively.
Entertainment costs increased 0.3 percent in March, with
similar advances in the indexes for both entertainment commodities
and for entertainment services.
The index for other goods and services rose 0.4 percent in
March. A 0.6 percent increase in the index for tobacco and
smoking products, coupled with moderate increases in most personal
expenses, such as legal and financial services, accounted for over
half of the March advance.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
_______________________________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners
and Clerical Workers rose 0.3 percent in March.
Table B.

Percent Changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1993
1994
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.|Mar. 94|Mar94
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .1
.4
.2
.1
.1
.2
.3 | 2.5 | 2.3
Food and beverages| .3
.4
.2
.4
.1 -.3
.1 | -.3 | 2.1

Housing
| .1
.3
.1
.2
.1
.5
.3 | 3.5 | 2.8
Apparel and upkeep| -.2
.1
.4 -.3
.3 -.2
.2 | 1.2 | -.1
Transportation
| .0 1.1 -.2 -.2 -.2
.5
.5 | 3.1 | 2.1
Medical care
| .4
.4
.3
.4
.3
.2
.3 | 3.4 | 4.8
Entertainment
| .2
.3
.6
.3
.3
.3
.3 | 3.9 | 3.2
Other goods & serv|-1.6
.3
.5
.3
.1
.2
.5 | 2.9 |
.6
Special indexes: |
Energy
| -.5 2.0 -1.0 -.7 -.8 1.6
.5 | 5.2 | -.8
Food
| .3
.5
.2
.3
.1 -.4
.3 |
.0 | 2.2
AI - food & energy| .1
.3
.3
.3
.1
.3
.3 | 2.7 | 2.7
____________________________________________________________________
Consumer Price Index data for April will be released on Friday,
May 13, 1994, 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Feb.
Mar.
1993
1994
1994

Unadjusted
percent change to
Mar. 1994 fromMar. 1993 Feb. 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromDec. to
Jan. to
Feb. to
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

146.7
439.3

147.2
441.1

2.5
-

0.3
-

0.0
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................

17.398
15.799
9.853
1.454
2.984
1.186
1.909
2.320
.331
.246
.712
1.030
5.946

143.6
142.9
142.6
161.3
137.4
131.8
161.7
132.5
135.6
131.5
116.0
146.5
144.6

143.9
143.2
142.8
160.4
137.9
131.8
162.7
132.6
135.3
132.6
116.0
146.4
144.8

2.1
2.2
2.4
3.8
2.5
2.3
2.3
1.8
1.9
1.8
1.0
2.4
1.7

.2
.2
.1
-.6
.4
.0
.6
.1
-.2
.8
.0
-.1
.1

-.1
-.1
-.3
.4
.1
.9
-2.5
.0
.6
.1
-.4
.1
.1

-.3
-.3
-.4
.6
.2
.8
-3.4
-.1
.4
.0
-1.0
.4
.1

.1
.1
.1
-.3
.1
.0
.6
.2
-.1
1.3
.5
-.2
.1

Alcoholic beverages ....................

1.600

151.1

151.4

1.3

.2

.2

-.1

-.1

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.394
27.948
7.984
5.771
2.213
19.768
19.386
.382

143.7
159.1
168.9
152.8
198.4
163.7
164.0
149.4

144.1
159.8
170.1
153.2
201.9
164.1
164.4
150.0

2.8
3.2
3.0
2.7
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.5

.3
.4
.7
.3
1.8
.2
.2
.4

.1
.2
.0
.3
-.6
.2
.2
.1

.4
.5
.4
.5
.3
.5
.6
.1

.3
.4
.4
.3
.8
.4
.4
.4

.196
.118

129.4
131.2

129.3
131.8

-1.7
-2.9

-.1
.5

1.0
.4

.4
-.1

-.1
.5

.078
7.262
3.983

127.1
122.4
111.1

126.1
122.4
111.1

.2
2.4
2.3

-.8
.0
.0

1.9
-.4
-.9

1.0
.9
1.1

-.8
.3
.5

.369

93.6

92.5

-.3

-1.2

-1.1

6.0

-.1

3.614

117.9

118.1

2.6

.2

-.8

.6

.6

3.279
6.183
3.601
1.109
1.473

150.0
120.4
110.5
131.7
137.6

150.1
120.6
110.5
132.3
137.8

2.6
1.6
1.1
2.1
2.4

.1
.2
.0
.5
.1

.1
.2
.4
-.2
.4

.7
-.4
-.7
.1
-.1

.1
.1
-.2
1.0
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.897
5.333
1.389
2.421
.203
.781
.539
.564

132.4
129.5
124.1
131.1
125.5
125.9
146.4
154.0

136.1
133.4
125.6
137.2
125.8
127.0
152.9
154.2

-.1
-.4
-2.4
-.9
-.1
.6
5.7
2.4

2.8
3.0
1.2
4.7
.2
.9
4.4
.1

-.1
-.1
-.6
.3
.9
1.0
-2.1
.0

-.3
-.4
-1.2
-.2
-.4
-.8
1.7
.1

.4
.5
-.2
.4
-.7
-.6
5.1
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............

16.954
15.295
5.025
4.031
1.245
3.010
1.533

131.9
128.5
136.5
135.0
134.1
93.6
93.0
148.6

132.2
128.6
136.8
135.3
133.6
93.3
92.7
149.0

2.5
1.8
3.6
3.4
5.5
-4.1
-4.5
3.0

.2
.1
.2
.2
-.4
-.3
-.3
.3

-.2
-.1
.1
.1
-.9
-.5
-.4
.3

.5
.5
.4
.5
-1.1
2.1
1.8
.1

.6
.5
.5
.4
.4
.2
.1
.2

Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

4.483

159.7

160.2

2.5

.3

.2

.1

.8

.629

103.4

103.5

-.4

.1

.0

.2

.4

3.854
1.659

172.8
175.9

173.3
178.5

3.0
9.2

.3
1.5

.2
-1.8

.1
.4

.8
1.6

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.108
1.287
5.821
3.353

207.7
198.7
209.8
189.4

208.3
199.1
210.4
190.3

4.9
2.7
5.4
4.4

.3
.2
.3
.5

.3
.4
.3
.2

.3
-.1
.3
.4

.2
.0
.3
.4

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.351
1.986
2.365

149.1
134.5
166.4

149.6
135.2
166.6

3.3
1.6
4.8

.3
.5
.1

.3
-.1
.7

.4
-.1
.8

.3
.3
.3

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

6.897
1.601
1.184

195.2
217.4
143.0

195.5
217.7
143.0

1.8
-7.9
1.6

.2
.1
.0

.1
-.5
.1

.3
.0
-.2

.4
.6
.0

.628
.556
4.112
.249
3.863

140.0
146.2
218.8
204.0
220.1

139.7
146.6
219.1
204.0
220.4

.9
2.6
6.2
4.2
6.3

-.2
.3
.1
.0
.1

.3
.1
.3
.8
.3

-.4
-.1
.5
.2
.5

-.2
.3
.5
.4
.5

100.000
43.547
17.398
26.149
15.579
5.333

146.7
132.2
143.6
125.1
126.5
129.5

147.2
132.8
143.9
126.0
127.8
133.4

2.5
1.1
2.1
.4
-1.1
-.4

.3
.5
.2
.7
1.0
3.0

.0
-.1
-.1
.0
-.1
-.1

.3
.0
-.3
.2
.6
-.4

.3
.2
.1
.3
.4
.5

10.245
10.570
56.453
27.337

127.8
123.3
161.5
165.6

127.9
123.4
162.1
166.3

-1.5
2.7
3.8
3.3

.1
.1
.4
.4

-.3
.0
.1
.6

.4
.0
.4
.7

.1
.2
.4
.4

8.900
7.046
5.821
7.349

135.3
167.5
209.8
182.9

135.5
168.5
210.4
183.2

2.5
4.4
5.4
5.2

.1
.6
.3
.2

-.4
-.2
.3
.4

.4
.2
.3
.5

.3
.9
.3
.4

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ..................
_ _
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables 2/ .............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

84.201
72.052
80.232
92.892
27.749
17.178
11.845
32.977
29.116
50.632
6.993
93.007
77.208

147.3
143.2
148.0
143.2
126.2
127.9
129.3
135.2
168.9
157.0
102.0
152.6
155.0

148.0
143.7
148.6
143.8
127.0
129.1
129.4
136.0
169.3
157.5
101.9
153.3
155.8

2.6
2.3
2.3
2.4
.5
-.9
-1.1
.5
4.2
3.6
-.6
2.8
2.9

.5
.3
.4
.4
.6
.9
.1
.6
.2
.3
-.1
.5
.5

.1
.0
-.1
.0
-.1
-.1
-.2
-.1
.1
.0
-.8
.1
.1

.3
.1
.2
.3
.2
.5
.4
.1
.5
.6
1.6
.1
.3

.4
.3
.3
.3
.3
.5
.1
.6
.2
.3
.4
.3
.3

24.369
3.380
52.839

135.8
93.8
166.0

136.9
93.4
166.6

1.0
-3.7
3.8

.8
-.4
.4

.0
-.5
.2

-.1
2.4
.4

.3
.2
.4

-

$.682
.228

$.679
.227

-2.6
-

-.4
-

-.3
-

-.3
-

-.4
-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Dec.
1993
Expenditure category

Jan.
1994

Feb.
1994

Mar.
1994

June
1993

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedSept.
Dec.
Mar.
Sept.
Mar.
1993
1993
1994
1993
1994

All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

2.5

2.0

3.3

2.5

2.2

2.9

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

143.8
143.3
142.9
159.4
137.1
129.4
168.7
131.8
134.1
130.5
116.2
145.4
144.4
151.1

143.7
143.1
142.5
160.1
137.2
130.5
164.4
131.8
134.9
130.6
115.7
145.6
144.6
151.4

143.3
142.7
141.9
161.1
137.5
131.5
158.8
131.7
135.4
130.6
114.5
146.2
144.7
151.3

143.5
142.9
142.1
160.6
137.6
131.5
159.8
132.0
135.2
132.3
115.1
145.9
144.8
151.1

2.3
2.3
2.6
4.5
4.5
6.7
-3.5
1.6
1.2
.6
1.8
1.7
2.0
.8

2.6
2.6
3.2
3.1
-.9
-3.9
17.0
2.2
.6
.0
1.4
3.4
1.7
1.1

4.6
4.9
6.4
4.4
4.8
.0
20.8
3.1
2.4
.9
5.0
2.8
2.0
3.5

-.8
-1.1
-2.2
3.0
1.5
6.7
-19.5
.6
3.3
5.6
-3.7
1.4
1.1
.0

2.4
2.4
2.9
3.8
1.8
1.2
6.2
1.9
.9
.3
1.6
2.5
1.8
.9

1.8
1.8
2.0
3.7
3.1
3.3
-1.4
1.8
2.9
3.3
.5
2.1
1.5
1.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

142.8
157.5
166.3
151.8
194.1
162.4
162.7
149.0

142.9
157.8
166.3
152.2
192.9
162.8
163.1
149.2

143.5
158.6
167.0
152.9
193.5
163.6
164.0
149.4

144.0
159.2
167.7
153.3
195.0
164.3
164.6
150.0

3.2
3.1
3.2
3.0
4.1
3.1
3.0
4.8

2.3
2.3
1.5
1.3
1.5
2.5
2.5
5.9

2.6
3.1
3.7
2.4
6.9
3.3
3.3
.8

3.4
4.4
3.4
4.0
1.9
4.8
4.8
2.7

2.7
2.7
2.3
2.2
2.8
2.8
2.8
5.3

3.0
3.7
3.6
3.2
4.3
4.0
4.0
1.8

127.6
130.8
123.5
122.3
111.0

128.9
131.3
125.9
121.8
110.0

129.4
131.2
127.1
122.9
111.2

129.3
131.8
126.1
123.3
111.8

-.9
.6
-3.1
3.4
5.6

.3
4.2
-6.3
3.3
2.9

-10.8
-17.9
2.3
-.3
-2.1

5.4
3.1
8.7
3.3
2.9

-.3
2.4
-4.7
3.3
4.3

-3.0
-8.0
5.4
1.5
.4

87.3

86.3

91.5

91.4

-1.3

-6.0

-11.5

20.2

-3.7

3.1

118.9
148.8
120.4
110.7
131.7
137.2

117.9
148.9
120.7
111.1
131.5
137.7

118.6
150.0
120.2
110.3
131.6
137.6

119.3
150.1
120.3
110.1
132.9
137.8

6.3
.5
1.7
1.1
2.5
2.4

3.8
4.4
2.0
2.2
-.6
3.9

-1.0
1.9
2.7
3.3
2.8
1.5

1.4
3.5
-.3
-2.2
3.7
1.8

5.0
2.5
1.9
1.7
.9
3.1

.2
2.7
1.2
.5
3.2
1.6

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................

133.9
131.0
127.5

133.8
130.9
126.7

133.4
130.4
125.2

134.0
131.1
124.9

-3.2
-3.6
-2.8

.9
.6
1.9

1.5
1.2
-.3

.3
.3
-7.9

-1.2
-1.5
-.5

.9
.8
-4.2

Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.3
126.7
126.7
146.0
153.8

132.7
127.8
128.0
143.0
153.8

132.4
127.3
127.0
145.4
154.0

132.9
126.4
126.2
152.8
154.2

-7.0
1.9
.0
3.1
1.9

.0
-2.2
.0
3.1
2.9

1.8
1.0
3.5
-1.9
3.7

1.8
-.9
-1.6
20.0
1.0

-3.5
-.2
.0
3.1
2.4

1.8
.0
1.0
8.5
2.4

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

131.7
128.5
134.6
133.2
138.7
95.3
95.0
147.9
158.1

131.4
128.4
134.8
133.3
137.5
94.8
94.6
148.4
158.4

132.0
129.0
135.3
133.9
136.0
96.8
96.3
148.6
158.6

132.8
129.7
136.0
134.5
136.6
97.0
96.4
148.9
159.8

.9
-.3
3.7
3.4
13.3
-14.6
-15.3
3.9
1.0

1.9
.6
4.9
4.0
11.5
-12.2
-11.5
2.2
2.1

3.4
3.2
1.8
2.1
4.1
5.2
4.8
3.3
2.6

3.4
3.8
4.2
4.0
-5.9
7.3
6.0
2.7
4.4

1.4
.2
4.3
3.7
12.4
-13.4
-13.4
3.1
1.5

3.4
3.5
3.0
3.0
-1.0
6.3
5.4
3.0
3.5

102.9

102.9

103.1

103.5

-2.3

-1.2

-.4

2.4

-1.7

1.0

171.1
174.8

171.4
171.7

171.6
172.4

173.0
175.2

1.7
15.0

2.6
13.9

3.1
7.4

4.5
.9

2.2
14.4

3.8
4.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

206.1
197.6
207.8
188.2

206.7
198.4
208.4
188.5

207.3
198.3
209.1
189.2

207.8
198.3
209.8
189.9

7.0
3.1
7.9
6.1

4.6
3.8
4.8
4.0

4.6
2.7
5.0
3.9

3.3
1.4
3.9
3.7

5.8
3.4
6.3
5.0

4.0
2.0
4.4
3.8

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

148.1
134.8
164.1

148.6
134.7
165.2

149.2
134.5
166.5

149.6
134.9
167.0

2.2
.9
3.6

1.9
1.8
2.0

5.0
3.0
6.9

4.1
.3
7.3

2.1
1.4
2.8

4.6
1.7
7.1

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

194.7
216.5
143.1

194.9
215.5
143.3

195.4
215.6
143.0

196.2
217.0
143.0

4.6
.0
1.1

-4.6
-29.0
3.7

4.4
.6
2.0

3.1
.9
-.3

-.1
-15.7
2.4

3.8
.7
.8

140.1
146.1
217.0
200.7
218.1

140.5
146.3
217.7
202.4
218.8

140.0
146.2
218.7
202.8
219.9

139.7
146.6
219.7
203.6
220.9

1.7
1.1
7.8
4.4
7.9

2.0
5.7
5.0
1.4
5.4

1.2
2.2
6.9
5.4
6.9

-1.1
1.4
5.1
5.9
5.2

1.9
3.4
6.4
2.9
6.7

.0
1.8
6.0
5.6
6.1

132.4
143.8

132.3
143.7

132.3
143.3

132.6
143.5

2.5
.3
2.3

2.0
.0
2.6

3.3
3.1
4.6

2.5
.6
-.8

2.2
.2
2.4

2.9
1.8
1.8

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................

Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ....................
_ _
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

125.4
126.9
131.0

125.4
126.8
130.9

125.6
127.5
130.4

126.0
128.0
131.1

-1.0
-3.4
-3.6

-1.6
-6.4
.6

2.3
1.9
1.2

1.9
3.5
.3

-1.3
-4.9
-1.5

2.1
2.7
.8

127.7
123.0
160.5
163.5

127.3
123.0
160.6
164.5

127.8
123.0
161.3
165.6

127.9
123.2
162.0
166.3

3.7
3.4
4.2
2.5

-9.4
4.0
3.3
2.2

-.3
2.6
3.6
1.5

.6
.7
3.8
7.0

-3.1
3.7
3.7
2.4

.2
1.6
3.7
4.2

135.9
166.1
207.8
181.8

135.3
165.7
208.4
182.5

135.9
166.0
209.1
183.4

136.3
167.5
209.8
184.1

4.0
5.1
7.9
5.4

3.9
5.0
4.8
4.1

1.2
3.9
5.0
6.4

1.2
3.4
3.9
5.2

4.0
5.0
6.3
4.7

1.2
3.7
4.4
5.8

146.7
143.0
147.7
142.7
126.6
128.3
129.1
135.1
168.0
156.0
102.9
152.2
154.4

146.8
143.0
147.6
142.7
126.5
128.2
128.8
135.0
168.1
156.0
102.1
152.3
154.6

147.3
143.2
147.9
143.1
126.7
128.8
129.3
135.2
168.9
157.0
103.7
152.5
155.0

147.9
143.7
148.4
143.5
127.1
129.4
129.4
136.0
169.3
157.4
104.1
153.0
155.5

2.5
2.3
2.2
2.3
-.9
-3.0
3.1
-.9
5.3
4.0
-3.8
3.0
3.2

1.7
1.7
1.9
1.4
-1.3
-5.4
-7.9
-.9
4.2
3.2
-4.2
2.2
2.1

3.1
3.4
3.3
3.4
2.2
1.9
-.3
1.2
3.9
3.4
1.2
3.8
3.4

3.3
2.0
1.9
2.3
1.6
3.5
.9
2.7
3.1
3.6
4.7
2.1
2.9

2.1
2.0
2.1
1.9
-1.1
-4.2
-2.6
-.9
4.7
3.6
-4.0
2.6
2.7

3.2
2.7
2.6
2.8
1.9
2.7
.3
1.9
3.5
3.5
2.9
2.9
3.2

136.0
94.5
164.7

136.0
94.0
165.0

135.8
96.3
165.7

136.2
96.5
166.4

.9
-13.3
4.1

.0
-11.5
3.5

2.4
3.0
3.7

.6
8.7
4.2

.4
-12.4
3.8

1.5
5.8
4.0

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables 2/ ...............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Feb.
Mar.
1993
1994
1994

Unadjusted
percent change to
Mar. 1994 fromMar. 1993 Feb. 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromDec. to
Jan. to
Feb. to
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

144.0
428.8

144.4
430.2

2.3
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.344
17.622
11.187
1.660
3.513
1.321
2.019
2.674
.374
.283
.833
1.184
6.435
1.722

143.2
142.5
142.0
160.9
137.2
131.6
161.0
132.4
135.6
131.5
116.3
146.1
144.4
150.6

143.4
142.8
142.3
160.2
137.8
131.6
161.7
132.5
135.2
132.5
116.4
146.1
144.6
150.9

2.1
2.2
2.5
3.8
2.5
2.4
2.4
1.8
2.0
1.8
1.0
2.2
1.7
1.3

.1
.2
.2
-.4
.4
.0
.4
.1
-.3
.8
.1
.0
.1
.2

.1
.1
-.1
.4
.2
.9
-2.0
.0
.7
.1
-.4
.1
.3
.1

-.3
-.4
-.5
.6
.1
.6
-3.5
-.2
.4
.1
-1.2
.4
-.1
-.3

.1
.3
.2
-.2
.1
.2
.5
.2
-.3
1.3
.6
-.1
.3
-.1

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel

39.004
25.682
8.095
6.628
1.467
17.399
17.074
.324

140.9
154.8
147.8
152.5
198.4
149.2
149.5
136.7

141.3
155.3
148.5
152.8
201.4
149.6
149.9
137.3

2.8
3.2
2.9
2.8
3.6
3.4
3.5
3.6

.3
.3
.5
.2
1.5
.3
.3
.4

.1
.2
.1
.3
-.8
.2
.3
.1

.5
.6
.4
.5
.3
.7
.6
.1

.3
.3
.3
.3
.7
.3
.3
.4

.188
.102

129.4
134.8

129.4
135.3

-1.9
-3.3

.0
.4

1.5
.7

-.2
-.1

.0
.4

.085
7.523
4.093

121.7
122.1
110.5

121.0
122.1
110.5

-.2
2.4
2.3

-.6
.0
.0

2.4
-.4
-.9

-.1
.9
1.0

-.6
.3
.7

commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

.339

93.6

92.3

-.4

-1.4

-1.5

6.5

-.3

3.754

117.4

117.5

2.5

.1

-.8

.5

.8

3.429
5.800
3.525
1.141
1.134

150.7
119.0
109.1
131.7
139.7

150.7
119.2
109.2
132.4
139.8

2.5
1.4
1.0
1.8
2.6

.0
.2
.1
.5
.1

.0
.2
.1
.0
.4

.7
-.5
-.7
-.2
-.1

.0
.3
.0
1.3
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.909
5.379
1.393
2.356
.261
.866
.502
.530

131.4
128.6
124.0
129.5
126.6
127.0
145.0
153.5

134.7
132.1
124.9
135.2
126.7
128.1
152.2
153.7

-.1
-.3
-2.2
-1.0
-1.2
1.3
5.9
2.3

2.5
2.7
.7
4.4
.1
.9
5.0
.1

.3
.3
-.4
.7
.5
1.3
-1.5
.0

-.2
-.2
-1.2
.0
.1
-.3
.9
.1

.2
.2
-.6
.2
-.9
-.5
5.0
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

18.863
17.613
4.948
3.606
2.256
3.705
1.615
5.089

130.4
128.1
137.1
134.7
134.8
93.5
93.0
149.3
155.5

130.5
128.1
137.4
135.0
134.3
93.1
92.6
149.7
155.7

2.1
1.7
3.8
3.4
5.6
-4.1
-4.4
3.0
2.2

.1
.0
.2
.2
-.4
-.4
-.4
.3
.1

-.2
-.2
.1
.1
-.9
-.6
-.2
.3
.1

.5
.5
.4
.5
-.8
2.3
2.0
.1
.1

.5
.4
.5
.4
-.1
.1
-.1
.3
.6

.795

102.8

102.9

-.3

.1

.1

.2

.4

4.295
1.251

168.4
170.9

168.7
173.2

2.7
7.8

.2
1.3

.1
-1.3

.1
-.2

.7
1.8

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.044
1.061
4.983
2.865

207.0
196.8
209.3
190.1

207.7
197.2
210.0
191.0

4.8
2.7
5.2
4.4

.3
.2
.3
.5

.3
.3
.3
.2

.2
.3
.2
.4

.3
-.2
.4
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.028
2.077
1.951

147.1
134.0
166.0

147.7
134.8
166.3

3.2
1.7
4.9

.4
.6
.2

.3
.0
.6

.3
-.1
.7

.3
.4
.2

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........

6.807
2.121

193.2
217.2

193.4
217.5

.6
-7.9

.1
.1

.1
-.5

.2
.0

.5
.6

Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

1.146

143.1

143.2

1.7

.1

.2

-.3

.1

.650
.496
3.540
.219
3.321

140.5
146.3
214.7
205.8
215.7

140.3
146.7
215.0
205.8
216.0

.9
2.7
6.1
4.5
6.2

-.1
.3
.1
.0
.1

.2
.1
.4
.6
.3

-.4
-.1
.4
.3
.5

-.1
.3
.5
.4
.5

100.000
47.644
19.344
28.300
16.590
5.379

144.0
131.7
143.2
124.6
125.7
128.6

144.4
132.2
143.4
125.3
126.9
132.1

2.3
1.0
2.1
.2
-1.5
-.3

.3
.4
.1
.6
1.0
2.7

.1
.0
.1
-.1
.0
.3

.2
.0
-.3
.2
.7
-.2

.3
.2
.1
.2
.3
.2

11.211
11.710
52.356
25.143

127.2
121.9
159.0
148.9

127.3
121.9
159.4
149.5

-2.1
2.9
3.6
3.2

.1
.0
.3
.4

-.4
.0
.1
.5

.4
.1
.4
.5

.1
.2
.4
.4

8.771
7.160
4.983
6.299

124.5
164.0
209.3
179.9

124.6
164.6
210.0
180.2

2.5
3.6
5.2
5.2

.1
.4
.3
.2

-.2
-.1
.3
.4

.6
.1
.2
.5

.1
.8
.4
.3

82.378
74.318
82.601
93.956
30.022
18.312
12.933
35.934
27.213
47.373
7.798
92.202
74.580

144.1
141.2
135.4
140.9
125.6
127.2
128.7
134.7
150.4
154.6
101.2
149.9
151.8

144.7
141.7
135.9
141.4
126.3
128.3
128.8
135.4
150.7
155.0
101.1
150.5
152.5

2.4
2.1
2.1
2.2
.3
-1.2
-1.6
.4
3.9
3.4
-.8
2.6
2.7

.4
.4
.4
.4
.6
.9
.1
.5
.2
.3
-.1
.4
.5

.1
.0
.0
.0
-.1
-.1
-.3
.1
.0
.1
-.8
.1
.1

.3
.1
.1
.3
.2
.6
.4
.1
.5
.5
1.6
.1
.3

.3
.3
.4
.3
.2
.4
.1
.5
.3
.3
.5
.3
.3

25.978

134.7

135.6

1.0

.7

.0

-.1

.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ..................
_ _
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables 2/ .............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................

Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

4.044
48.602

93.8
163.6

93.3
164.1

-3.8
3.7

-.5
.3

-.6
.2

2.7
.4

.0
.4

-

$.695
.233

$.692
.232

-2.4
-

-.4
-

-.1
-

-.3
-

-.4
-

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Dec.
1993

Jan.
1994

Feb.
1994

Mar.
1994

June
1993

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedSept.
Dec.
Mar.
Sept.
Mar.
1993
1993
1994
1993
1994

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

143.3
142.6
142.2
159.1
136.9
129.1
167.5
131.7
133.9
130.5
116.6
145.2
144.1
150.9

143.4
142.7
142.1
159.8
137.2
130.3
164.2
131.7
134.9
130.6
116.1
145.3
144.5
151.1

143.0
142.2
141.4
160.7
137.3
131.1
158.5
131.5
135.5
130.7
114.7
145.9
144.4
150.7

143.2
142.6
141.7
160.4
137.5
131.4
159.3
131.8
135.1
132.4
115.4
145.7
144.8
150.6

2.6

1.4

3.1

2.5

2.0

2.8

2.3
2.6
2.6
4.2
4.5
7.0
-3.6
1.9
1.2
.6
2.1
2.3
2.0
.8

2.6
2.6
3.5
3.4
-.9
-4.2
19.8
1.5
.9
.3
.7
2.8
1.4
1.1

4.0
4.0
5.5
4.4
4.5
.0
16.9
3.4
2.4
.9
5.3
2.8
1.7
3.8

-.3
.0
-1.4
3.3
1.8
7.3
-18.2
.3
3.6
6.0
-4.1
1.4
2.0
-.8

2.4
2.6
3.1
3.8
1.8
1.3
7.5
1.7
1.1
.5
1.4
2.5
1.7
.9

1.8
2.0
2.0
3.8
3.1
3.6
-2.2
1.8
3.0
3.4
.5
2.1
1.8
1.5

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

140.0
153.4
146.1
151.5
194.4
148.1
148.3
136.4

140.1
153.7
146.2
151.9
192.9
148.4
148.7
136.5

140.8
154.6
146.8
152.6
193.5
149.4
149.6
136.7

141.2
155.0
147.3
153.0
194.8
149.8
150.0
137.3

3.2
3.5
4.0
3.8
5.0
3.4
3.4
5.5

2.0
2.1
.8
1.1
.6
2.5
2.5
5.5

2.6
3.2
3.6
2.4
8.2
3.3
3.3
.9

3.5
4.2
3.3
4.0
.8
4.7
4.7
2.7

2.6
2.8
2.4
2.4
2.8
2.9
2.9
5.5

3.0
3.7
3.5
3.2
4.5
4.0
4.0
1.8

127.7
134.0
119.0
122.0
110.4

129.6
134.9
121.8
121.5
109.4

129.4
134.8
121.7
122.6
110.5

129.4
135.3
121.0
123.0
111.3

-2.1
-1.1
-3.3
3.4
6.0

.3
5.6
-6.2
3.3
2.2

-10.5
-19.3
2.0
-.3
-2.1

5.4
3.9
6.9
3.3
3.3

-.9
2.2
-4.7
3.4
4.1

-2.9
-8.4
4.4
1.5
.5

87.3

86.0

91.6

91.3

-1.7

-6.0

-11.1

19.6

-3.9

3.1

118.3
149.6
119.1
109.5
131.7
139.0

117.3
149.6
119.3
109.6
131.7
139.6

117.9
150.7
118.7
108.8
131.4
139.5

118.8
150.7
119.0
108.8
133.1
139.7

6.7
.5
1.4
.7
2.8
1.8

3.1
4.4
1.7
1.5
-1.8
4.8

-1.3
2.2
3.1
4.1
2.5
1.7

1.7
3.0
-.3
-2.5
4.3
2.0

4.9
2.5
1.5
1.1
.5
3.3

.2
2.6
1.4
.7
3.4
1.9

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.3
129.7
126.9
130.2
127.6
127.1
145.5
153.4

132.7
130.1
126.4
131.1
128.2
128.7
143.3
153.4

132.4
129.8
124.9
131.1
128.3
128.3
144.6
153.5

132.7
130.1
124.1
131.3
127.2
127.6
151.9
153.7

-2.7
-3.3
-1.9
-7.3
-.3
1.0
5.7
1.6

.6
.6
1.9
-2.1
-3.7
1.0
11.5
2.9

.6
.3
-.3
2.8
.0
1.6
-10.0
4.0

1.2
1.2
-8.5
3.4
-1.2
1.6
18.8
.8

-1.1
-1.4
.0
-4.8
-2.0
1.0
8.5
2.3

.9
.8
-4.5
3.1
-.6
1.6
3.4
2.4

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation

130.4
128.3
135.2
132.9
139.5
95.2
94.7
148.6
154.1

130.2
128.1
135.4
133.0
138.3
94.6
94.5
149.1
154.3

130.8
128.8
135.9
133.7
137.2
96.8
96.4
149.2
154.5

131.4
129.3
136.6
134.2
137.1
96.9
96.3
149.6
155.5

.9
.0
4.6
3.8
14.6
-14.6
-14.9
3.6
1.3

1.2
.9
5.2
4.7
11.5
-12.2
-12.2
2.2
2.1

3.1
2.9
1.2
1.5
4.1
5.2
3.9
3.6
1.8

3.1
3.2
4.2
4.0
-6.7
7.3
6.9
2.7
3.7

1.1
.5
4.9
4.2
13.0
-13.4
-13.6
2.9
1.7

3.1
3.0
2.7
2.7
-1.4
6.3
5.4
3.1
2.8

102.2

102.3

102.5

102.9

-1.9

-.8

-1.2

2.8

-1.4

.8

services .........................
Public transportation ....................

166.8
169.8

167.0
167.6

167.2
167.2

168.4
170.2

1.7
11.6

2.7
10.8

2.4
8.4

3.9
.9

2.2
11.2

3.2
4.6

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

205.4
195.8
207.4
188.8

206.0
196.3
208.0
189.1

206.5
196.8
208.5
189.9

207.1
196.4
209.4
190.4

6.8
3.2
7.6
6.1

4.5
3.4
4.6
3.7

4.4
2.9
4.8
4.1

3.4
1.2
3.9
3.4

5.6
3.3
6.1
4.9

3.9
2.1
4.3
3.8

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

146.3
134.2
164.0

146.7
134.2
165.0

147.2
134.0
166.2

147.7
134.6
166.5

2.3
1.2
3.6

2.2
1.8
2.5

4.8
2.7
7.1

3.9
1.2
6.2

2.3
1.5
3.0

4.3
2.0
6.7

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

192.4
216.5
143.2

192.5
215.4
143.5

192.9
215.5
143.1

193.8
216.8
143.2

4.0
-.3
1.4

-8.0
-29.1
3.4

4.3
1.3
2.0

2.9
.6
.0

-2.2
-16.0
2.4

3.6
.9
1.0

140.7
146.2
212.8
202.6
213.8

141.0
146.4
213.6
203.9
214.5

140.5
146.3
214.5
204.6
215.5

140.3
146.7
215.5
205.4
216.5

1.4
1.1
7.7
5.4
7.9

1.7
5.7
4.9
.8
5.3

1.4
2.8
6.9
6.1
6.8

-1.1
1.4
5.2
5.6
5.1

1.6
3.4
6.3
3.1
6.6

.1
2.1
6.0
5.9
6.0

131.9
143.3
124.9
126.1
129.7

131.9
143.4
124.8
126.1
130.1

131.9
143.0
125.1
127.0
129.8

132.2
143.2
125.4
127.4
130.1

2.6
.6
2.3
-.6
-3.4
-3.3

1.4
-.3
2.6
-2.2
-8.2
.6

3.1
2.8
4.0
2.3
1.9
.3

2.5
.9
-.3
1.6
4.2
1.2

2.0
.2
2.4
-1.4
-5.8
-1.4

2.8
1.8
1.8
1.9
3.1
.8

127.2
121.9
157.9
147.3

126.7
121.9
158.1
148.1

127.2
122.0
158.8
148.9

127.3
122.2
159.4
149.5

4.1
4.1
4.2
2.5

-11.4
4.1
3.1
2.5

-.6
2.7
3.4
1.9

.3
1.0
3.9
6.1

-4.0
4.1
3.7
2.5

-.2
1.8
3.6
4.0

124.9
162.7
207.4
178.7

124.7
162.5
208.0
179.4

125.4
162.6
208.5
180.3

125.5
163.9
209.4
180.9

3.6
3.8
7.6
5.5

3.9
3.8
4.6
4.2

.6
3.8
4.8
6.3

1.9
3.0
3.9
5.0

3.8
3.8
6.1
4.8

1.3
3.4
4.3
5.6

143.5

143.6

144.1

144.6

2.6

1.1

2.8

3.1

1.8

3.0

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ....................
_ _
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................

All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables 2/ ...............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

141.1
135.2
140.6
126.1
127.6
128.6
134.5
149.7
153.7
102.3
149.5
151.4

141.1
135.2
140.6
126.0
127.5
128.2
134.6
149.7
153.8
101.5
149.6
151.5

141.3
135.4
141.0
126.3
128.3
128.7
134.7
150.4
154.6
103.1
149.8
151.9

141.7
135.9
141.4
126.6
128.8
128.8
135.4
150.9
155.0
103.6
150.3
152.4

2.0
2.1
2.0
-.3
-3.3
3.7
-.3
5.1
3.8
-4.5
3.0
3.3

1.2
1.2
1.2
-2.2
-7.2
-9.9
-1.5
4.1
2.9
-4.6
2.2
1.9

3.2
3.0
3.2
2.3
2.2
-.3
.6
3.6
3.5
1.2
3.3
3.2

1.7
2.1
2.3
1.6
3.8
.6
2.7
3.2
3.4
5.2
2.2
2.7

1.6
1.7
1.6
-1.3
-5.3
-3.3
-.9
4.6
3.4
-4.5
2.6
2.6

2.4
2.5
2.7
1.9
3.0
.2
1.6
3.4
3.4
3.2
2.7
3.0

135.0
94.7
162.5

135.0
94.1
162.8

134.8
96.6
163.5

135.2
96.6
164.1

1.8
-13.6
4.1

-.6
-11.8
3.0

2.1
3.9
3.8

.6
8.3
4.0

.6
-12.7
3.6

1.3
6.1
3.9

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Mar. 1994 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1993
1994
1994

Percent change to
Feb. 1994 fromFeb.
Dec.
Jan.
1993
1993
1994

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

145.8

146.2

146.7

147.2

2.5

0.7

0.3

2.5

0.6

0.3

M
M
M
M

152.7
153.2
151.7
151.1

153.2
153.7
152.5
151.3

154.0
154.6
153.0
151.9

154.3
155.1
152.7
152.2

2.3
2.3
2.3
2.1

.7
.9
.1
.6

.2
.3
-.2
.2

2.4
2.5
2.8
1.9

.9
.9
.9
.5

.5
.6
.3
.4

Dec.
1993

Jan.
1994

Feb.
1994

Mar.
1994

Region and area size 2/
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

141.2
142.2
140.1
142.4

141.5
142.5
141.1
142.4

142.1
143.2
141.3
143.0

142.6
143.9
141.8
143.1

2.6
2.7
3.3
1.9

.8
1.0
.5
.5

.4
.5
.4
.1

2.5
2.6
2.9
2.1

.6
.7
.9
.4

.4
.5
.1
.4

M

136.8

136.7

137.2

137.8

2.3

.8

.4

2.7

.3

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

142.2
142.7
143.8
140.9

142.5
142.9
144.4
141.0

142.9
143.4
144.6
141.6

143.6
144.4
145.4
142.0

2.8
2.8
2.7
2.5

.8
1.0
.7
.7

.5
.7
.6
.3

2.7
2.6
3.1
2.5

.5
.5
.6
.5

.3
.3
.1
.4

M

140.7

140.8

140.7

141.3

3.1

.4

.4

2.9

.0

-.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

147.8
149.5
146.7

148.1
149.7
147.8

148.3
149.9
148.3

149.0
150.5
148.7

2.6
2.2
3.4

.6
.5
.6

.5
.4
.3

2.1
1.8
3.6

.3
.3
1.1

.1
.1
.3

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

132.5
145.0
144.1
141.3

132.7
145.8
144.3
141.2

133.3
146.1
144.9
141.5

133.9
146.5
145.2
142.0

2.5
2.8
2.4
2.7

.9
.5
.6
.6

.5
.3
.2
.4

2.3
3.0
2.4
2.8

.6
.8
.6
.1

.5
.2
.4
.2

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

146.1
151.9
155.6
151.3
147.0

146.5
152.2
156.0
152.5
147.5

146.8
152.2
157.4
152.9
147.4

147.6
152.5
157.9
153.5
148.2

2.4
1.8
2.5
2.8
1.7

.8
.2
1.2
.7
.5

.5
.2
.3
.4
.5

2.2
1.5
2.5
3.0
1.3

.5
.2
1.2
1.1
.3

.2
.0
.9
.3
-.1

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

145.0
155.0
143.3
143.5
139.7
151.5

1.7
.6
3.2
3.1
2.6
2.0

.8
.9
.6
1.8
.8
.4

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

138.8
140.2
136.5
141.1

143.8
153.6
142.4
141.0
138.6
150.9
-

139.2
141.7
137.0
142.6

-

-

-

-

2.8
2.5
4.0
2.4

.3
1.1
.4
1.1

-

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Mar. 1994 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1993
1994
1994

Percent change to
Feb. 1994 fromFeb.
Dec.
Jan.
1993
1993
1994

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

143.3

143.6

144.0

144.4

2.3

0.6

0.3

2.3

0.5

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

150.4
149.9
149.4
152.6

150.8
150.2
150.3
152.7

151.4
150.9
150.7
153.2

151.7
151.4
150.6
153.4

2.0
2.0
2.2
1.8

.6
.8
.2
.5

.2
.3
-.1
.1

2.2
2.1
2.5
1.7

.7
.7
.9
.4

.4
.5
.3
.3

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

138.2
138.5
136.5
140.0

138.5
138.8
137.4
140.0

139.0
139.4
137.6
140.6

139.4
140.0
137.9
140.6

2.3
2.6
2.8
1.7

.6
.9
.4
.4

.3
.4
.2
.0

2.4
2.4
2.7
1.9

.6
.6
.8
.4

.4
.4
.1
.4

M

135.6

135.3

135.8

136.3

1.9

.7

.4

2.3

.1

.4

Dec.
1993

Jan.
1994

Feb.
1994

Mar.
1994

Region and area size 2/

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

140.8
141.0
140.7
140.8

141.0
141.0
141.1
140.8

141.2
141.3
141.2
141.3

141.9
142.3
141.8
141.6

2.6
2.7
2.6
2.2

.6
.9
.5
.6

.5
.7
.4
.2

2.6
2.4
3.1
2.3

.3
.2
.4
.4

.1
.2
.1
.4

M

140.9

141.1

141.0

141.4

3.2

.2

.3

3.1

.1

-.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

145.0
145.2
144.5

145.3
145.3
145.4

145.4
145.4
146.0

145.9
145.9
146.3

2.2
2.0
3.2

.4
.4
.6

.3
.3
.2

1.9
1.6
3.3

.3
.1
1.0

.1
.1
.4

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

131.5
142.6
143.4
140.7

131.7
143.2
143.6
140.6

132.1
143.4
144.1
140.8

132.7
143.8
144.3
141.2

2.3
2.6
2.1
2.5

.8
.4
.5
.4

.5
.3
.1
.3

2.2
2.8
2.2
2.5

.5
.6
.5
.1

.3
.1
.3
.1

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

141.7
146.7
152.1
151.2
144.7

142.0
146.8
152.4
152.1
145.3

142.3
146.9
153.5
152.2
145.0

143.0
147.0
154.0
152.8
145.6

2.5
1.5
2.2
2.6
1.3

.7
.1
1.0
.5
.2

.5
.1
.3
.4
.4

2.3
1.3
2.1
2.4
1.0

.4
.1
.9
.7
.2

.2
.1
.7
.1
-.2

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

144.2
153.5
135.7
141.1
138.7
148.9

1.7
-.3
3.0
2.9
2.4
1.8

1.1
.7
.4
1.7
.7
.4

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

1/

2/

138.6
135.7
136.0
135.1

142.7
152.5
135.1
138.7
137.7
148.3
-

138.1
137.0
136.3
136.3

-

-

-

-

-

2.4
1.9
3.8
2.3

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.

-.4
1.0
.2
.9

-

3/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.