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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-99-194
TRANSMISSION OF
MATERIAL IN THIS
RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Thursday, July 15, 1999

JUNE 1999

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) was
unchanged in June, before seasonal adjustment, remaining at a level of
166.2 (1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department
of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in June, the CPI-U
increased 2.0 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) was unchanged in June, prior to seasonal adjustment. The June
level of 162.8 was 1.9 percent higher than the index in June 1998.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
In June, on a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U was unchanged for
the second consecutive month. Energy costs, which fell 1.3 percent in
May, declined 1.2 percent in June. The index for petroleum-based energy
declined 2.7 percent, while the index for energy services rose 0.1 percent
in June. The food index was unchanged in June. The index for food at
home, which increased 0.6 percent in May, was unchanged in June,
reflecting a downturn in the index for fruits and vegetables. Excluding
food and energy, the CPI-U increased 0.1 percent in June, the same as in
May.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound
adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
12-mos.
Category
1998
1999
3-mos. ended
ended
Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June
June `99
June `99
All Items
.1
.1
.1
.2
.7
.0
.0
2.9
2.0
Food and beverages .1
.4
.2 -.2
.1
.4
.0
2.0
2.2
Housing
.1
-.1
.1
.2
.4
.1
.2
2.7
2.2
Apparel
-.6 -1.1 -.2 -.3 1.5 -.2 -.4
3.7
-1.2
Transportation
-.4
-.1 -.1
.7 2.4 -.5 -.6
5.2
1.2

Medical care
.3
Recreation
.1
Education and
communication
-.2
Other goods and
services
4.2
Special Indexes
Energy
-1.1
Food
.1
All Items less
food and energy .3

.3
.4

.2
-.1

.2
.0

.4
.3

.2
.2

.4
.0

3.9
2.0

3.4
1.0

.3

.1

.0

.1

-.1

.0

.0

.2

2.0

-.1

-.6

1.0

-.2

.2

4.3

8.2

-.2
.5

.0
.1

1.6
-.2

6.1 -1.3 -1.2
.1
.4
.0

14.2
1.7

1.0
2.2

.1

.1

.1

2.3

2.1

.4

.1

.1

Consumer prices rose at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of
2.9 percent in the second quarter after advancing at a 1.5 percent rate in
the first three months of 1999. This brings the year-to-date annual rate
to 2.2 percent and compares with an increase of 1.6 percent for all of
1998. The acceleration in 1999 reflects an upturn in petroleum-based
energy prices. The energy index, which declined 8.8 percent in 1998, has
risen at a 9.9 percent SAAR thus far in 1999. In the first half of 1999,
petroleum-based energy costs increased at a 24.3 percent SAAR, while
charges for energy services decreased at a 0.2 percent annual rate. The
food index rose at a 1.7 percent SAAR in the second quarter, the same rate
as in the first three months of 1999, following an increase of 2.3 percent
in all of 1998. Grocery store food prices rose at a 1.5 percent SAAR in
the first six months, with the largest increase among the six major
grocery store food groups in the index for fruits and vegetables--up at a
4.7 percent rate. The CPI-U excluding food and energy advanced at a 2.3
percent rate in the second quarter of 1999, following an increase at a 0.9
percent rate in the first three months of 1999. The advance at a 1.6
percent SAAR for the first half of 1999 compares with a 2.4 percent
increase for all of 1998. Smaller increases in the indexes for shelter
and for tobacco and smoking products, a downturn in the index for new and
used vehicles, and a larger drop in the index for apparel were responsible
for the deceleration in the first half of 1999. The rates for selected
groups for the last five and one-half years are shown below.
Percentage change 12 months
ended in December
All items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel

1994
2.7
2.7
2.2
-1.6

1995
2.5
2.1
3.0
0.1

1996
3.3
4.2
2.9
-0.2

SAAR 6
mos. ended

in June
1997
1998
1.7
1.6
1.6
2.3
2.4
2.3
1.0
-0.7

1999
2.2
1.7
2.0
-1.4

Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Education and
communication
Other goods and
services

3.8
4.9
1.4

1.5
3.9
2.8

4.4
3.0
3.0

-1.4
2.8
1.5

-1.7
3.4
1.2

3.4
3.6
1.6

3.3

4.0

3.4

3.0

0.7

0.8

4.2

4.3

3.6

5.2

8.8

4.7

-1.3
-3.3
0.8
2.9
2.1

8.6
13.8
3.8
2.9
4.3

-3.4
-6.9
0.2
2.1
1.5

-8.8
-15.1
-3.3
2.4
2.3

9.9
24.3
-0.2
1.6
1.7

3.0

2.6

2.2

Special indexes
Energy
2.2
Energy commodities
5.2
Energy services
-0.6
All items less energy 2.6
Food
2.9
All items less food
and energy
2.6

2.4

1.6

The food and beverages index was unchanged in June. The index for
food at home also was unchanged, following a 0.6 percent increase in May.
The index for fruits and vegetables, which increased 2.6 percent in May,
declined 0.5 percent in June. The index for fresh fruits decreased 0.1
percent, despite a 9.6 percent rise in citrus fruits. Over the past 12
months, prices for citrus fruits have risen 36.7 percent. The index for
fresh vegetables declined 1.2 percent. Prices for processed fruits and
vegetables decreased 0.4 percent. The index for dairy products declined
0.1 percent, reflecting a drop in cheese prices. The index for meats,
poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.3 percent in June. Meat prices were
unchanged as a 1.5 percent increase in the index for beef was offset by
declines in the indexes for pork and for other meats--down 1.0 and 1.7
percent, respectively. Poultry prices rose 0.7 percent, while the index
for fish and seafood declined 0.4 percent. Among the other major grocery
store food groups, the index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.3 percent,
reflecting an increase in prices for carbonated drinks, and the indexes
for cereal and bakery products and for other food at home each rose 0.1
percent. The other two components of the food and beverages index--food
away from home and alcoholic beverages--were unchanged and rose 0.2
percent, respectively.
The housing component rose 0.2 percent in June. For the second
consecutive month, shelter costs increased 0.2 percent. Within shelter,
the indexes for rent and for owners' equivalent rent each rose 0.1
percent, and the cost of lodging away from home increased 0.6 percent.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, the cost of lodging while away from home
rose 1.8 percent in June.) The index for fuels and utilities increased

0.2 percent in June. The index for household fuels rose 0.1 percent, as
increases in the indexes for natural gas and for fuel oil--up 1.6 and 0.9
percent, respectively--more than offset a 0.6 percent decrease in the
index for electricity. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, charges for
electricity rose 5.3 percent, reflecting the shift to seasonal rates in
some areas.) The index for household furnishings and operations, which
decreased 0.3 percent in May, rose 0.2 percent in June.
The transportation component decreased for the second consecutive
month--down 0.6 percent in June--again reflecting declines in the indexes
for gasoline and for airline fares. After increasing a record 15.0
percent in April, the gasoline index fell 2.7 and 3.2 percent in May and
June, respectively. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices
decreased 2.2 percent in June.) Airline fares, which had increased 12.5
percent in the 5 months ended in April, declined for the second
consecutive month--down 4.8 percent in June. The index for new and used
vehicles rose 0.1 percent in June; the index for new vehicles fell 0.1
percent, while the index for used cars and trucks increased 0.9 percent.
The index for apparel declined 0.4 percent in June, following a 0.2
percent drop in May. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel prices fell
2.5 percent, reflecting seasonal price discounting on spring-summer wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.4 percent in June to a level 3.4 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.4 percent,
with the index for prescription drugs up 0.5 percent. The index for
medical care services rose 0.4 percent. Charges for professional services
and for hospital and related services each increased 0.4 percent.
The index for recreation costs was unchanged in June. Declines in
the indexes for club membership dues and fees for participant sports, for
recreational books, for sporting goods, and for video and audio equipment
were largely offset by a 2.3 percent increase in the index for admissions
to movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting events.
The index for education and communication was unchanged in June.
Educational costs rose 0.3 percent, while the index for communication
declined 0.2 percent. Within the latter group, the index for personal
computers and peripheral equipment declined 2.2 percent, while the index
for telephone services increased 0.1 percent. A 0.5 percent increase in
local telephone service charges more than offset decreases in both long
distance telephone charges and the cost of cellular telephone services-down 0.1 and 2.1 percent, respectively.

The index for other goods and services increased 0.2 percent,
following a 0.2 percent decrease in May. The index for tobacco and
smoking products, which declined 1.4 percent in May, rose 0.2 percent in
June. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, tobacco prices declined 0.7
percent.)
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers was unchanged in June.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
Expenditure
Category

Compound
annual rate
3-mos.
ended
June June `99
.0
3.0
.1
1.7
.1
2.0
-.5
3.5
-.5
6.8
.4
3.9
.1
2.0

Changes from preceding month

1998
1999
Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May
All Items
.2
.2
.0
.1
.7
.0
Food and beverages .1
.4
.1 -.2
.1
.3
Housing
.2
.0
.1
.3
.3
.1
Apparel
-.5 -1.1 -.4 -.4 1.4 -.1
Transportation
-.5
-.1 -.4
.6 2.6 -.4
Medical care
.2
.3
.2
.3
.4
.2
Recreation
.1
.4 -.2 -.1
.2
.2
Education and
communication
-.2
.3
.2
.0 -.1
.0
.1
Other goods and
services
5.8
2.5 -.2 -1.0 1.4 -.4
.3
Special Indexes
Energy
-1.3
-.1 -.2 2.0 6.4 -1.4 -1.2
Food
.0
.5
.1 -.2
.1
.3
.1
All Items less
food and energy
.4
.1
.0
.0
.4
.1
.1

Unadjusted
12-mos.
ended
June `99
1.9
2.1
2.0
-1.1
1.1
3.3
.6

.0

.4

5.3

10.6

15.2
1.7

1.1
2.1

2.3

2.1

Consumer Price Index data for July are scheduled for release on Tuesday,
August 17, 1999, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
_________________________________________________________________________

CPI (Old Series)
For the first six months of 1999, BLS has published the Old Series
CPI-U and Old Series CPI-W based on the former method of calculating the
elementary aggregates, that is, employing an arithmetic mean in all index
categories. These old series data are contained in tables 1 (LAS)-4
(LAS). From May to June, the Old Series CPI-U and the Old Series CPI-W
each were up 0.1 percent; these series are not seasonally adjusted. (The
unadjusted CPI-U and CPI-W using the new method of calculating the
elementary aggregates each were unchanged in June.)
_________________________________________________________________________
Consumer Price Index Formula Changed
On April 16, 1998, the Bureau of Labor Statistics announced its
decision to use a new formula for calculating the basic components of the
Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Consumer
Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). This
change is effective with data for January 1999.
The new formula, the geometric mean estimator, will be used in index
categories that comprise approximately 61 percent of total consumer
spending represented by the CPI-U. The remaining index categories, which
are shown in the table below, will continue to be calculated as they have
been. Based upon BLS research, it is expected that planned use of the new
formula will reduce the annual rate of increase in the CPI by
approximately 0.2 percentage point per year.
The geometric mean estimator has been introduced in both the CPI-U
and the CPI-W effective with data for January 1999, in accord with the
past practice of introducing methodological changes at the beginning of a
calendar year. BLS will continue to publish "overlap" CPI-U and CPI-W
series using the former calculation method for the first six months of
1999. These indexes will not be published regularly for months subsequent
to June 1999, but will be available upon request.
Additional information on this change was published in the April 1998
CPI Detailed Report and is available on the Internet
(http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm). This information also may be obtained
by writing to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, 2 Massachusetts Ave., N.E., Room 3615, Washington, D.C.
20212 or by calling (202) 606-7000.

Arithmetic Mean (Laspeyres) Formula
1.

Selected shelter services:

A) Rent of primary
residence

2.

B) Owners' equivalent
rent of primary
residence

C) Housing at school,
excluding board

Selected utilities and government charges:

A) Electricity

C) Residential water and
sewerage maintenance

E) Telephone services,
local charges

B) Utility natural gas
service

D) State and local
registration, license,
and motor vehicle
property tax

F) Cable television

3.

Selected medical care services:

A) Physicians' services
B) Dental services

C) Eyeglasses and eye
care
D) Services by other
medical professionals

E) Hospital services
F) Nursing homes and
adult daycare

_______________________________________________________________________
A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes
seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each
month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy,
seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred since they
eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
same time and in about the same magnitude every year--such
as price movements resulting from changing climatic
conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays,
and sales.

The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements
and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to
the Consumer Price Index unadjusted for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally
adjusted indexes are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal
Adjustment Method. The updated seasonal data at the end of
1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977. Subsequent
annual updates have replaced 5 years of seasonal data, e.g.,
data from 1994 through 1998 were replaced at the end of
1998. The seasonal movement of all items and 54 other
aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal movement
of 73 selected components. Each year the seasonal status of
every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. If any of the 73 components change their seasonal
adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used for the
last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes will be
used before that period.
Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index
levels, are subject to revision for up to five years after
their original release. For this reason, BLS advises
against the use of these data in escalation agreements.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors
for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention
Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.
Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme values
and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal
pattern are estimated and removed from the data prior to
calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the
calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA
software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment.
For the fuel oil and the motor fuels indexes, this
procedure was used to offset the effects that extreme price
volatility would otherwise have had on the estimates of
seasonally adjusted data for those series. For some women's

apparel indexes and the girls' apparel index, the procedure
was used to offset the effects of changes in pricing
methodology. For the tobacco and smoking products index,
this procedure was used to offset the effects wholesale
tobacco prices and legal fees passed on to consumers. For
some alcoholic beverage series, Intervention Analysis
Seasonal Adjustment was used to offset the effects of excise
tax increases. For the Nonalcoholic beverages index, the
procedure was used to offset the effects of a large increase
in coffee prices due to adverse weather. The procedure was
used to account for unusual butter fat supply reductions
affecting the Fats and oils series. For the Water and
sewerage maintenance index, the procedure was used to
account for a data collection anomaly.
A description of Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment, as well as a list of unusual events modeled and
seasonal factors for these items may be obtained by writing
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or by calling Claire
McAnaw Gallagher on (202) 606-6968 or sending e-mail to
Gallagher_C@BLS.GOV.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity
and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
June 1999 fromMay
1999

June
1999

166.2
497.7

166.2
497.9

June
1998

May
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMar. to Apr. to
Apr.
May

May to
June

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

2.0
-

0.0
-

0.7
-

0.0
-

0.0
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

16.408
15.422
9.691
1.544
2.569
1.088
1.440

164.2
163.7
163.9
185.1
146.7
156.2
207.2

164.1
163.6
163.7
185.7
147.2
156.1
203.2

2.2
2.2
2.0
2.3
0.6
5.4
2.6

-0.1
-0.1
-0.1
0.3
0.3
-0.1
-1.9

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.3
-3.3
1.4

0.4
0.4
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
2.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
-0.1
-0.5

1.049
2.002
.377
.309
1.316
.320
5.730
.175
.986

134.2
153.4
153.0
147.2
168.7
105.0
164.6
104.3
169.3

134.3
153.6
152.4
147.5
169.2
104.9
164.6
104.4
169.5

1.1
2.1
1.3
2.9
2.2
2.3
2.4
3.4
2.4

0.1
0.1
-0.4
0.2
0.3
-0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1

-0.3
0.3
0.5
-0.2
0.5
0.7
0.2
0.3
0.2

0.4
0.1
0.9
-1.1
0.0
-0.6
0.1
0.3
0.3

0.3
0.1
-0.4
0.0
0.2
-0.1
0.0
0.1
0.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

39.828
30.283
7.007
2.376

163.0
186.5
176.7
111.8

164.1
187.2
177.1
113.8

2.2
3.0
3.1
3.8

0.7
0.4
0.2
1.8

0.4
0.4
0.3
1.9

0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.6

20.529
.371
4.735
3.801
.227
3.574

192.2
100.5
126.5
111.0
87.7
118.4

192.6
102.2
130.2
115.1
87.3
123.0

2.8
3.1
-0.8
-1.5
-2.5
-1.4

0.2
1.7
2.9
3.7
-0.5
3.9

0.3
0.1
0.2
0.1
2.7
-0.1

0.3
0.2
-0.2
-0.3
0.8
-0.3

0.1
1.7
0.2
0.1
1.0
0.1

.934
4.810
.908

103.7
126.7
104.1

103.8
126.8
104.3

2.3
0.1
2.6

0.1
0.1
0.2

0.3
0.2
0.3

0.1
-0.3
0.1

0.1
0.2
0.2

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

4.831
1.358
1.939
.272
.876

134.2
133.8
127.3
127.6
127.4

130.9
131.4
122.6
126.8
125.4

-1.2
0.3
-2.5
1.7
-2.2

-2.5
-1.8
-3.7
-0.6
-1.6

1.5
1.6
1.1
2.1
1.1

-0.2
-0.2
0.3
-0.5
-1.3

-0.4
0.2
-0.3
-0.6
-0.6

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................

16.999
15.653
7.843
4.983
1.914

144.2
140.2
99.7
142.9
149.6

143.4
139.7
99.7
142.5
150.9

1.2
1.1
0.0
-0.1
0.0

-0.6
-0.4
0.0
-0.3
0.9

2.4
2.6
0.2
0.1
0.6

-0.5
-0.4
0.2
-0.1
0.9

-0.6
-0.4
0.1
-0.1
0.9

Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

2.493
2.476
.549
1.624
1.346

101.4
100.8
100.2
171.3
198.4

99.2
98.6
100.1
171.7
192.6

4.6
4.6
-0.9
3.1
2.3

-2.2
-2.2
-0.1
0.2
-2.9

15.0
15.0
0.5
0.3
1.3

-2.6
-2.7
0.1
0.2
-1.5

-3.0
-3.2
-0.3
0.2
-2.9

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

5.713
1.252
4.461
2.854
1.354

249.5
229.4
254.0
228.6
297.0

250.2
230.5
254.6
229.3
297.6

3.4
3.8
3.3
3.1
4.1

0.3
0.5
0.2
0.3
0.2

0.4
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.1

0.2
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.4

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

6.120
1.748

102.2
100.9

102.2
100.7

1.0
-0.5

0.0
-0.2

0.3
-0.1

0.2
0.2

0.0
-0.2

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

5.478
2.694
.203
2.492
2.783

100.4
105.6
261.6
304.1
95.7

100.3
105.7
262.1
304.4
95.5

0.2
4.9
5.4
4.8
-3.9

-0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
-0.2

0.1
0.4
0.2
0.4
-0.3

-0.1
0.5
0.7
0.5
-0.6

0.0
0.3
0.4
0.3
-0.2

2.580
2.327

95.2
99.6

94.9
99.7

-4.4
-1.7

-0.3
0.1

-0.3
-0.2

-0.6
-0.4

-0.3
0.1

.253

30.9

29.8

-26.6

-3.6

-0.9

-3.7

-3.6

.148

55.7

54.5

-31.9

-2.2

-1.4

-1.9

-2.2

4.624
1.159
3.465
.742
.973
1.491

255.8
345.5
160.7
150.9
171.0
242.1

255.9
343.2
161.1
152.6
170.9
242.4

8.2
28.6
2.7
2.3
3.4
3.3

0.0
-0.7
0.2
1.1
-0.1
0.1

1.0
3.6
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1

-0.2
-1.4
0.3
0.0
0.4
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
1.1
-0.1
0.1

42.109
16.408
25.702
14.345
4.831

144.5
164.2
132.8
138.2
134.2

143.9
164.1
131.9
136.6
130.9

1.5
2.2
1.0
2.7
-1.2

-0.4
-0.1
-0.7
-1.2
-2.5

1.3
0.1
2.1
3.4
1.5

-0.1
0.4
-0.4
-0.5
-0.2

-0.2
0.0
-0.4
-0.5
-0.4

9.514
11.356

145.6
125.8

144.8
125.7

4.8
-1.3

-0.5
-0.1

4.4
0.0

-0.8
0.0

-0.5
0.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........
Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................

Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

57.891
29.912
.371
3.574

187.9
194.2
100.5
118.4

188.6
194.9
102.2
123.0

2.4
3.0
3.1
-1.4

0.4
0.4
1.7
3.9

0.3
0.4
0.1
-0.1

0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.3

0.1
0.3
1.7
0.1

.934
.908
6.963
4.461
10.768

103.7
104.1
190.4
254.0
221.9

103.8
104.3
189.3
254.6
222.2

2.3
2.6
1.2
3.3
2.6

0.1
0.2
-0.6
0.2
0.1

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3

0.1
0.1
-0.3
0.3
0.2

0.1
0.2
-0.5
0.4
0.1

84.578
69.717
94.287
26.688
15.331
10.500
30.753
27.979
53.429
6.294
93.706
78.284

166.6
159.9
161.6
134.3
140.1
147.0
151.4
194.7
181.8
105.6
174.1
176.6

166.7
159.7
161.6
133.4
138.6
146.3
150.5
195.6
182.6
106.8
174.0
176.6

2.0
1.5
1.9
1.0
2.7
4.6
2.5
1.8
2.4
1.0
2.1
2.1

0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.7
-1.1
-0.5
-0.6
0.5
0.4
1.1
-0.1
0.0

0.8
0.9
0.7
2.0
3.2
4.0
1.3
0.3
0.3
6.1
0.4
0.4

-0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.4
-0.4
-0.8
0.1
0.1
0.1
-1.3
0.1
0.1

0.0
-0.1
-0.1
-0.3
-0.4
-0.3
-0.1
0.2
0.1
-1.2
0.1
0.1

23.967
2.720
54.316
-

144.5
100.3
195.0
$ .602

143.7
98.3
195.3
$ .602

0.6
4.0
2.6
-

-0.6
-2.0
0.2
-

0.6
14.0
0.4
-

-0.1
-2.4
0.2
-

0.0
-2.7
0.1
-

-

$ .201

$ .201

-

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-U

3 months ended-Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

All items ...................................

165.0

166.2

166.2

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

163.4
163.2
162.9
183.9
146.5
161.5
198.1

163.6
163.3
163.0
184.6
147.0
156.1
200.9

133.9
152.8
150.6
149.1
167.9
104.9
164.2
103.7
168.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................

6 months
ended--

Sep.
1998

Dec.
1998

Mar.
1999

June
1999

Dec.
1998

June
1999

166.2

1.5

2.0

1.5

2.9

1.7

2.2

164.2
163.9
163.9
185.1
147.3
156.2
206.2

164.2
163.9
163.9
185.2
147.7
156.1
205.1

2.3
2.5
1.8
2.0
0.3
13.6
-6.4

3.0
2.8
3.5
2.0
-0.5
12.9
8.2

1.5
1.7
0.5
2.2
-0.5
10.3
-4.5

2.0
1.7
2.5
2.9
3.3
-12.7
14.9

2.6
2.6
2.6
2.0
-0.1
13.2
0.6

1.7
1.7
1.5
2.5
1.4
-1.9
4.7

133.5
153.3
151.3
148.8
168.7
105.6
164.5
104.0
168.5

134.0
153.4
152.7
147.2
168.7
105.0
164.6
104.3
169.0

134.4
153.5
152.1
147.2
169.1
104.9
164.6
104.4
169.3

-2.1
6.0
1.1
29.0
2.7
4.4
3.5
6.9
2.4

1.8
1.8
1.9
1.8
2.2
5.1
2.2
2.4
2.7

3.4
-1.0
-1.8
-10.3
1.2
0.0
3.0
1.6
1.4

1.5
1.8
4.0
-5.0
2.9
0.0
1.0
2.7
2.9

-0.2
3.9
1.5
14.6
2.4
4.7
2.9
4.6
2.6

2.4
0.4
1.1
-7.7
2.0
0.0
2.0
2.1
2.2

162.5
185.4
176.0
103.2

163.1
186.2
176.5
105.2

163.3
186.6
176.9
105.0

163.6
187.0
177.1
105.6

2.3
3.6
3.5
8.1

2.5
3.1
3.7
0.0

1.2
1.7
2.5
-2.3

2.7
3.5
2.5
9.6

2.4
3.3
3.6
4.0

2.0
2.6
2.5
3.5

191.5
100.2
127.4

192.1
100.3
127.6

192.6
100.5
127.3

192.8
102.2
127.5

3.2
0.4
-4.0

3.2
2.9
-0.3

1.9
1.2
1.3

2.7
8.2
0.3

3.2
1.6
-2.2

2.3
4.7
0.8

Expenditure category

Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

111.4
84.4
119.4

111.5
86.7
119.3

111.2
87.4
118.9

111.3
88.3
119.0

-5.2
-9.8
-4.9

-0.7
-14.1
0.0

0.7
-2.3
1.0

-0.4
19.8
-1.3

-3.0
-12.0
-2.5

0.2
8.2
-0.2

103.3
126.6
103.7

103.6
126.9
104.0

103.7
126.5
104.1

103.8
126.7
104.3

2.0
-0.3
2.0

2.8
1.9
3.2

2.4
-1.3
2.7

2.0
0.3
2.3

2.4
0.8
2.6

2.2
-0.5
2.5

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

130.2
130.1
122.2
125.6
126.4

132.1
132.2
123.5
128.2
127.8

131.9
131.9
123.9
127.6
126.1

131.4
132.2
123.5
126.8
125.4

0.3
-2.7
1.9
0.6
1.3

-2.7
0.3
-8.2
15.9
-1.2

-6.2
-2.7
-7.5
-11.8
-5.5

3.7
6.6
4.3
3.9
-3.1

-1.2
-1.2
-3.3
8.0
0.0

-1.4
1.8
-1.8
-4.3
-4.3

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

141.2
137.1
99.6
142.7
147.4
89.2
88.8
100.0
170.6
198.8

144.6
140.6
99.8
142.8
148.3
102.6
102.1
100.5
171.1
201.4

143.9
140.0
100.0
142.7
149.6
99.9
99.3
100.6
171.5
198.4

143.0
139.4
100.1
142.6
150.9
96.9
96.1
100.3
171.8
192.6

-0.8
-1.4
2.4
2.5
2.7
-13.9
-14.0
0.0
3.4
4.3

-1.4
-1.2
0.8
-0.6
3.2
-11.6
-11.2
-0.4
3.6
-3.7

1.7
0.0
-5.1
-1.9
-14.1
13.6
14.2
-4.3
2.4
24.0

5.2
6.9
2.0
-0.3
9.8
39.3
37.2
1.2
2.8
-11.9

-1.1
-1.3
1.6
1.0
2.9
-12.8
-12.6
-0.2
3.5
0.2

3.4
3.4
-1.6
-1.1
-2.9
25.8
25.2
-1.6
2.6
4.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

248.1
227.5
252.6
227.0
296.0

249.0
228.8
253.3
227.7
296.3

249.6
229.0
254.0
228.2
297.6

250.5
229.9
254.9
229.0
298.8

3.9
5.3
3.5
2.9
4.0

2.8
3.1
2.6
2.7
2.9

3.3
2.5
3.7
2.9
6.0

3.9
4.3
3.7
3.6
3.8

3.3
4.2
3.0
2.8
3.4

3.6
3.4
3.7
3.2
4.9

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

101.5
100.7

101.8
100.6

102.0
100.8

102.0
100.6

0.8
2.0

0.0
-1.2

1.2
-2.3

2.0
-0.4

0.4
0.4

1.6
-1.4

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral

101.1
106.2
260.3
304.4
96.6

101.2
106.6
260.7
305.6
96.3

101.1
107.1
262.4
307.2
95.7

101.1
107.4
263.4
308.1
95.5

-1.2
4.0
5.6
3.7
-5.9

0.8
4.7
8.0
4.5
-3.2

1.6
5.9
3.3
6.0
-2.0

0.0
4.6
4.8
5.0
-4.5

-0.2
4.3
6.8
4.1
-4.6

0.8
5.2
4.1
5.5
-3.3

96.1
100.2

95.8
100.0

95.2
99.6

94.9
99.7

-6.3
-2.7

-3.2
-1.6

-3.3
-0.4

-4.9
-2.0

-4.8
-2.2

-4.1
-1.2

32.4

32.1

30.9

29.8

-33.2

-19.2

-24.9

-28.4

-26.5

-26.7

equipment (1) (2)...................

57.6

56.8

55.7

54.5

-46.2

-22.8

-35.2

-19.9

-35.6

-27.9

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

254.1
336.9
160.0
150.8
169.9
240.7

256.6
348.9
160.2
150.9
170.3
241.0

256.2
344.1
160.7
150.9
171.0
241.6

256.8
344.9
161.1
152.6
170.9
241.9

6.6
25.4
1.8
-0.3
4.4
3.6

17.7
87.1
2.0
-1.1
2.9
4.1

5.0
6.2
4.4
5.8
3.9
3.2

4.3
9.8
2.8
4.9
2.4
2.0

12.0
53.1
1.9
-0.7
3.7
3.9

4.7
8.0
3.6
5.3
3.1
2.6

142.4
163.4
130.1
133.1
130.2

144.3
163.6
132.8
137.6
132.1

144.1
164.2
132.3
136.9
131.9

143.8
164.2
131.8
136.2
131.4

0.6
2.3
-0.6
-0.9
0.3

1.4
3.0
0.3
1.2
-2.7

-0.3
1.5
-1.2
0.9
-6.2

4.0
2.0
5.3
9.6
3.7

1.0
2.6
-0.2
0.2
-1.2

1.8
1.7
2.0
5.2
-1.4

139.7
125.7
187.5
193.4
100.2
119.4

145.8
125.7
188.1
194.1
100.3
119.3

144.6
125.7
188.3
194.4
100.5
118.9

143.9
125.7
188.5
194.9
102.2
119.0

-1.2
0.0
2.4
3.9
0.4
-4.9

3.0
-0.6
2.4
3.0
2.9
0.0

5.0
-4.6
2.6
1.9
1.2
1.0

12.6
0.0
2.2
3.1
8.2
-1.3

0.9
-0.3
2.4
3.4
1.6
-2.5

8.7
-2.3
2.4
2.5
4.7
-0.2

103.3
103.7
190.6
252.6
221.6

103.6
104.0
191.0
253.3
222.2

103.7
104.1
190.4
254.0
222.7

103.8
104.3
189.5
254.9
223.0

2.0
2.0
0.9
3.5
2.2

2.8
3.2
0.6
2.6
2.2

2.4
2.7
5.4
3.7
3.3

2.0
2.3
-2.3
3.7
2.6

2.4
2.6
0.7
3.0
2.2

2.2
2.5
1.5
3.7
2.9

165.2
158.5
160.2
131.8
135.2
141.5
148.5
194.4
181.4
100.4
173.4
176.0

166.6
159.9
161.4
134.4
139.5
147.2
150.5
194.9
182.0
106.5
174.1
176.7

166.5
159.8
161.4
133.9
138.9
146.0
150.6
195.1
182.2
105.1
174.3
176.9

166.5
159.6
161.3
133.5
138.3
145.6
150.5
195.4
182.4
103.8
174.4
177.0

1.5
0.8
1.5
-0.3
-0.3
-1.1
0.3
1.3
2.3
-9.0
2.4
2.3

1.7
1.5
2.0
0.6
1.2
3.2
1.9
1.9
2.7
-5.1
2.6
2.5

1.5
1.3
1.3
-1.2
0.9
4.7
1.9
2.3
2.0
5.8
0.9
0.9

3.2
2.8
2.8
5.3
9.5
12.1
5.5
2.1
2.2
14.2
2.3
2.3

1.6
1.1
1.8
0.2
0.4
1.0
1.1
1.6
2.5
-7.1
2.5
2.4

2.3
2.0
2.0
2.0
5.1
8.3
3.7
2.2
2.1
9.9
1.6
1.6

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy

commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

143.3
88.8
194.4

144.1
101.2
195.1

144.0
98.8
195.4

144.0
96.1
195.6

1.1
-13.6
3.0

2.5
-12.0
2.5

-3.0
12.6
2.7

2.0
37.2
2.5

1.8
-12.8
2.7

-0.6
24.3
2.6

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-U

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes

Percent change to
June1999 from--

Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

M

165.0

166.2

166.2

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

171.9
172.8
103.2

172.8
173.6
103.9

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

161.0
162.4
103.0

M

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............

M
M

U.S. city average ...........................

Percent change to
May1999 from--

June
1998

Apr.
1999

May
1999

May
1998

Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

166.2

2.0

0.0

0.0

2.1

0.7

0.0

172.8
173.6
103.9

173.1
174.1
103.8

2.1
2.2
1.9

0.2
0.3
-0.1

0.2
0.3
-0.1

2.0
2.0
2.1

0.5
0.5
0.7

0.0
0.0
0.0

162.2
163.6
103.7

162.2
163.6
103.7

162.5
164.1
103.7

1.9
2.1
1.5

0.2
0.3
0.0

0.2
0.3
0.0

1.8
1.9
1.4

0.7
0.7
0.7

0.0
0.0
0.0

155.7

156.4

156.5

156.9

2.3

0.3

0.3

2.0

0.5

0.1

160.6
159.7

161.5
160.5

161.6
160.5

161.7
160.9

1.6
1.6

0.1
0.2

0.1
0.2

1.8
1.8

0.6
0.5

0.1
0.0

Region and area size(2)

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M

103.3

103.9

104.1

104.1

1.8

0.2

0.0

1.9

0.8

0.2

M

161.5

162.6

162.1

162.0

1.3

-0.4

-0.1

1.8

0.4

-0.3

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

167.3
168.2
104.1

169.0
170.0
105.1

168.7
169.8
104.8

168.3
169.3
104.5

2.5
2.6
2.2

-0.4
-0.4
-0.6

-0.2
-0.3
-0.3

2.7
2.9
2.3

0.8
1.0
0.7

-0.2
-0.1
-0.3

M
M
M

149.5
103.3
161.1

150.5
104.1
162.1

150.5
104.1
161.9

150.7
104.0
162.0

2.2
1.8
1.8

0.1
-0.1
-0.1

0.1
-0.1
0.1

2.2
1.9
2.0

0.7
0.8
0.5

0.0
0.0
-0.1

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

167.0
165.0

167.6
166.6

168.2
166.2

168.9
165.4

1.7
2.0

0.8
-0.7

0.4
-0.5

1.6
2.4

0.7
0.7

0.4
-0.2

M

175.5

176.0

176.1

176.8

2.1

0.5

0.4

1.8

0.3

0.1

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

174.8
161.2
156.4
103.2

-

174.2
161.5
157.2
103.6

-

-

-

-

1.9
1.4
2.7
2.1

-0.3
0.2
0.5
0.4

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

-

164.0
164.1
148.3
161.7

-

164.8
163.8
148.3
161.3

1.7
2.8
1.3
0.7

0.5
-0.2
0.0
-0.2

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

171.1
172.2
172.2

-

172.1
171.8
172.7

2.4
3.8
3.1

0.6
-0.2
0.3

-

-

-

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
June 1999 fromMay
1999

June
1999

June
1998

May
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMar. to Apr. to
Apr.
May

May to
June

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

162.8
484.9

162.8
485.0

1.9
-

0.0
-

0.7
-

0.0
-

0.0
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

18.011
16.966
10.832
1.689
3.055
1.193
1.492

163.3
162.9
162.6
184.8
146.1
155.8
205.3

163.3
162.8
162.5
185.5
146.9
155.7
201.9

2.1
2.1
1.9
2.3
0.7
5.4
2.4

0.0
-0.1
-0.1
0.4
0.5
-0.1
-1.7

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.3
-3.6
1.1

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
2.5

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.5
-0.1
-0.4

1.184
2.220
.420
.354
1.446
.355
6.133
.216
1.045

133.1
152.6
152.8
147.0
168.5
104.7
164.5
104.2
168.5

133.2
152.8
152.0
147.2
169.0
104.4
164.4
104.5
168.7

1.2
2.0
1.0
2.9
2.1
1.9
2.2
3.5
2.7

0.1
0.1
-0.5
0.1
0.3
-0.3
-0.1
0.3
0.1

-0.3
0.3
0.5
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

0.4
0.0
0.7
-1.0
0.0
-0.5
0.1
0.1
0.4

0.3
0.0
-0.5
0.1
0.2
-0.3
-0.1
0.3
0.4

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............

36.685
27.496
8.500
1.379

159.2
180.9
176.4
112.0

160.2
181.5
176.8
113.8

2.0
2.9
3.2
3.5

0.6
0.3
0.2
1.6

0.3
0.3
0.2
1.8

0.1
0.3
0.3
-0.2

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

17.296
.320
4.850
3.928
.201
3.727

175.1
100.9
126.3
110.6
88.0
117.9

175.4
102.3
130.2
114.7
87.8
122.6

2.7
3.0
-0.8
-1.5
-2.4
-1.5

0.2
1.4
3.1
3.7
-0.2
4.0

0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
2.5
-0.1

0.3
0.3
-0.2
-0.3
0.8
-0.4

0.1
1.4
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.1

.922
4.339
.402

103.8
124.8
104.5

103.9
124.8
104.8

2.4
-0.3
2.9

0.1
0.0
0.3

0.3
0.2
0.2

0.0
-0.3
0.2

0.2
0.1
0.3

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

5.199
1.474
1.948
.344
1.057

133.0
134.0
125.5
128.9
127.9

129.6
131.6
120.6
128.0
125.8

-1.1
0.7
-2.3
2.1
-2.3

-2.6
-1.8
-3.9
-0.7
-1.6

1.4
1.5
1.2
2.2
1.2

-0.1
-0.2
0.5
-0.3
-1.2

-0.5
0.2
-0.5
-0.7
-0.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

19.166
18.109
9.250
5.224
3.216
3.066
3.045
.682
1.690
1.056

143.1
140.3
99.8
144.0
150.9
101.3
100.8
99.7
172.7
193.9

142.4
139.9
100.0
143.6
152.2
99.2
98.7
99.6
173.1
189.0

1.1
1.0
0.0
-0.1
-0.1
4.4
4.4
-0.7
3.3
1.9

-0.5
-0.3
0.2
-0.3
0.9
-2.1
-2.1
-0.1
0.2
-2.5

2.6
2.6
0.2
0.1
0.6
14.5
14.7
0.1
0.2
1.2

-0.4
-0.4
0.2
-0.1
0.9
-2.6
-2.8
0.3
0.3
-1.3

-0.5
-0.4
0.3
0.1
0.9
-2.8
-2.8
-0.3
0.2
-2.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

4.672
.926
3.746
2.415
1.114

248.7
225.7
253.8
230.2
293.0

249.4
226.6
254.5
231.0
293.6

3.3
3.5
3.3
3.1
4.1

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2

0.4
0.8
0.3
0.3
0.0

0.2
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.4

0.4
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.3

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

5.925
1.951

101.5
100.6

101.6
100.5

0.6
-0.6

0.1
-0.1

0.2
-0.1

0.2
0.1

0.1
-0.1

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................

5.361
2.478
.200
2.278
2.883

100.7
105.9
264.3
298.7
96.5

100.7
106.0
264.8
299.2
96.4

0.4
5.1
5.5
5.1
-3.4

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.1

-0.1
0.4
0.2
0.3
-0.4

0.0
0.6
0.6
0.6
-0.5

0.1
0.4
0.4
0.4
-0.1

2.733

96.2

96.0

-3.8

-0.2

-0.4

-0.5

-0.2

Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

2.519

99.8

99.9

-1.5

0.1

-0.4

-0.2

0.1

.213

31.8

30.8

-26.3

-3.1

-1.5

-3.6

-3.1

.120

55.1

54.0

-32.1

-2.0

-1.8

-1.4

-2.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.981
1.694
3.287
.838
.975
1.253

258.8
345.9
160.8
151.6
171.4
242.3

258.7
343.5
161.3
153.3
171.2
242.6

10.6
28.8
2.9
2.0
3.4
3.9

0.0
-0.7
0.3
1.1
-0.1
0.1

1.4
3.9
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.0

-0.4
-1.7
0.2
-0.1
0.5
0.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
1.1
-0.1
0.2

46.764
18.011
28.753
15.564
5.199

144.6
163.3
133.4
138.8
133.0

144.0
163.3
132.5
137.0
129.6

1.6
2.1
1.4
3.4
-1.1

-0.4
0.0
-0.7
-1.3
-2.6

1.4
0.1
2.2
3.7
1.4

-0.1
0.3
-0.5
-0.6
-0.1

-0.2
0.1
-0.3
-0.6
-0.5

10.365
13.189
53.236
27.175
.320
3.727

146.6
125.6
184.4
174.2
100.9
117.9

145.7
125.6
185.2
174.7
102.3
122.6

5.7
-1.3
2.3
2.9
3.0
-1.5

-0.6
0.0
0.4
0.3
1.4
4.0

4.9
0.0
0.2
0.3
0.0
-0.1

-1.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3
-0.4

-0.3
0.1
0.1
0.2
1.4
0.1

.922
.402
6.800
3.746
10.144

103.8
104.5
187.5
253.8
218.4

103.9
104.8
186.7
254.5
218.8

2.4
2.9
1.0
3.3
2.5

0.1
0.3
-0.4
0.3
0.2

0.3
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1

0.0
0.2
-0.2
0.3
0.3

0.2
0.3
-0.2
0.4
0.2

83.034
72.504
95.328
29.798
16.609
11.410
33.575
26.061
49.490

162.6
157.7
158.8
134.8
140.6
147.9
151.4
173.0
178.6

162.7
157.6
158.8
133.9
138.9
147.0
150.5
174.0
179.4

1.9
1.6
1.9
1.4
3.3
5.5
2.7
1.6
2.2

0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.7
-1.2
-0.6
-0.6
0.6
0.4

0.9
1.0
0.8
2.2
3.6
4.5
1.7
0.1
0.2

-0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.4
-0.6
-0.9
-0.2
0.2
0.2

0.0
-0.1
0.0
-0.2
-0.5
-0.3
0.0
0.2
0.1

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........

Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

6.994
93.006
76.040

105.2
170.7
172.8

106.2
170.6
172.7

1.1
2.0
2.1

1.0
-0.1
-0.1

6.4
0.4
0.4

-1.4
0.1
0.1

-1.2
0.1
0.1

26.531
3.267
49.509
-

144.5
100.6
191.9
$ .614

143.8
98.6
192.2
$ .614

1.1
4.0
2.6
-

-0.5
-2.0
0.2
-

0.6
13.9
0.3
-

-0.1
-2.5
0.2
-

0.1
-2.6
0.2
-

-

$ .206

$ .206

-

-

-

-

-

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city
average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-W

3 months ended-Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

All items ...................................

161.5

162.7

162.7

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................

162.8
162.4
161.9

162.9
162.5
161.9

163.4
163.0
162.6

6 months
ended--

Sep.
1998

Dec.
1998

Mar.
1999

June
1999

Dec.
1998

June
1999

162.7

1.5

2.3

1.2

3.0

1.9

2.1

163.5
163.1
162.8

2.5
2.5
2.0

2.8
2.5
2.8

1.5
1.7
1.0

1.7
1.7
2.2

2.6
2.5
2.4

1.6
1.7
1.6

Expenditure category

Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

183.6
146.1
161.5
197.7

184.3
146.6
155.7
199.9

184.8
146.8
155.8
204.9

185.0
147.5
155.7
204.1

2.7
0.3
13.9
-6.7

1.3
-1.1
13.2
8.4

2.2
-0.3
10.8
-4.3

3.1
3.9
-13.6
13.6

2.0
-0.4
13.6
0.6

2.6
1.8
-2.1
4.2

132.8
152.1
150.7
148.5
167.8
105.0
164.1
103.8
166.9

132.4
152.6
151.4
148.5
168.5
105.2
164.4
104.1
167.4

132.9
152.6
152.4
147.0
168.5
104.7
164.5
104.2
168.1

133.3
152.6
151.7
147.1
168.8
104.4
164.4
104.5
168.7

-2.1
5.7
1.1
27.3
2.7
4.8
3.0
7.3
2.7

1.5
1.9
2.1
1.9
1.7
4.7
2.5
2.4
2.9

4.0
-1.0
-1.6
-10.3
1.4
0.4
2.7
1.6
1.0

1.5
1.3
2.7
-3.7
2.4
-2.3
0.7
2.7
4.4

-0.3
3.8
1.6
13.9
2.2
4.7
2.8
4.8
2.8

2.8
0.1
0.5
-7.1
1.9
-1.0
1.7
2.1
2.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

158.8
180.2
175.6
103.0

159.2
180.7
176.0
104.9

159.4
181.2
176.6
104.7

159.6
181.5
176.9
105.0

2.1
3.2
3.5
6.9

2.6
3.2
3.8
3.5

1.5
2.3
2.5
-4.2

2.0
2.9
3.0
8.0

2.3
3.2
3.6
5.2

1.8
2.6
2.8
1.7

174.6
100.6
127.2
110.9
85.0
118.8

174.9
100.6
127.3
110.9
87.1
118.7

175.4
100.9
127.0
110.6
87.8
118.2

175.6
102.3
127.1
110.7
88.8
118.3

3.1
0.4
-4.0
-5.2
-10.5
-5.2

2.8
3.7
0.0
-0.7
-13.7
0.0

2.6
1.2
1.3
1.1
-1.4
1.4

2.3
6.9
-0.3
-0.7
19.1
-1.7

2.9
2.0
-2.0
-3.0
-12.1
-2.6

2.4
4.0
0.5
0.2
8.4
-0.2

103.4
124.6
104.1

103.7
124.9
104.3

103.7
124.5
104.5

103.9
124.6
104.8

2.4
-0.3
2.4

2.8
1.3
3.6

2.4
-2.2
3.1

1.9
0.0
2.7

2.6
0.5
3.0

2.2
-1.1
2.9

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

128.9
130.5
120.0
126.5
126.8

130.7
132.4
121.4
129.3
128.3

130.6
132.1
122.0
128.9
126.7

130.0
132.4
121.4
128.0
125.8

0.6
-3.6
3.6
1.3
1.6

-0.6
1.9
-5.6
17.2
-1.5

-7.4
-1.2
-10.9
-12.8
-6.1

3.5
6.0
4.7
4.8
-3.1

0.0
-0.9
-1.1
9.0
0.0

-2.1
2.3
-3.4
-4.4
-4.6

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........

139.6
136.8
99.5
143.8
148.7
89.4
88.9
99.7

143.2
140.4
99.7
143.9
149.6
102.4
102.0
99.8

142.6
139.9
99.9
143.7
150.9
99.7
99.1
100.1

141.9
139.4
100.2
143.8
152.2
96.9
96.3
99.8

-1.7
-1.7
2.0
2.2
2.4
-15.0
-14.7
0.0

-1.4
-1.2
1.2
0.0
2.9
-12.0
-12.1
-0.4

0.6
-0.6
-6.2
-2.5
-13.7
15.2
15.3
-2.8

6.8
7.8
2.8
0.0
9.8
38.0
37.7
0.4

-1.6
-1.4
1.6
1.1
2.6
-13.5
-13.4
-0.2

3.6
3.5
-1.8
-1.2
-2.7
26.1
26.0
-1.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

172.0
194.1

172.3
196.4

172.9
193.9

173.3
189.0

3.6
2.2

3.8
-3.0

2.6
20.9

3.1
-10.1

3.7
-0.4

2.8
4.3

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

247.2
223.6
252.3
228.5
292.2

248.1
225.4
253.0
229.2
292.3

248.7
225.3
253.8
229.8
293.6

249.6
226.0
254.7
230.7
294.5

3.7
5.4
3.3
3.1
3.9

2.7
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7

3.3
1.8
3.6
2.7
6.6

3.9
4.4
3.9
3.9
3.2

3.2
4.0
2.9
2.9
3.3

3.6
3.1
3.7
3.3
4.9

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

100.9
100.5

101.1
100.4

101.3
100.5

101.4
100.4

0.8
2.0

-0.4
-1.2

0.4
-2.7

2.0
-0.4

0.2
0.4

1.2
-1.6

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

101.4
106.3
263.0
298.9
97.4

101.3
106.7
263.4
299.8
97.0

101.3
107.3
265.1
301.5
96.5

101.4
107.7
266.1
302.8
96.4

-1.2
4.0
5.2
3.9
-5.1

0.8
4.7
8.2
4.6
-2.8

2.0
6.3
3.9
6.5
-1.6

0.0
5.4
4.8
5.3
-4.0

-0.2
4.3
6.7
4.3
-4.0

1.0
5.8
4.3
5.9
-2.8

97.1
100.4

96.7
100.0

96.2
99.8

96.0
99.9

-5.5
-2.3

-2.8
-1.6

-2.4
0.0

-4.5
-2.0

-4.2
-2.0

-3.4
-1.0

33.5

33.0

31.8

30.8

-30.2

-21.1

-25.0

-28.5

-25.8

-26.8

56.9

55.9

55.1

54.0

-43.3

-26.0

-37.5

-18.9

-35.2

-28.8

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

256.1
337.0
160.3
151.6
170.2
240.9

259.7
350.1
160.4
151.7
170.6
241.0

258.6
344.2
160.8
151.6
171.4
241.8

259.4
345.2
161.3
153.3
171.2
242.4

9.2
26.5
2.3
-0.5
4.4
4.7

23.9
88.1
1.5
-1.3
2.9
4.1

5.0
5.4
5.2
5.5
3.9
4.3

5.3
10.1
2.5
4.6
2.4
2.5

16.3
54.2
1.9
-0.9
3.7
4.4

5.1
7.7
3.8
5.0
3.1
3.4

142.4
162.8
130.3
133.2
128.9

144.4
162.9
133.2
138.1
130.7

144.2
163.4
132.6
137.3
130.6

143.9
163.5
132.2
136.5
130.0

0.6
2.5
-0.6
-0.3
0.6

2.3
2.8
1.9
2.8
-0.6

-0.6
1.5
-1.8
1.2
-7.4

4.3
1.7
6.0
10.3
3.5

1.4
2.6
0.6
1.2
0.0

1.8
1.6
2.0
5.6
-2.1

140.1
125.4
184.1
173.5
100.6

147.0
125.4
184.5
174.1
100.6

145.3
125.5
184.8
174.4
100.9

144.8
125.6
185.0
174.7
102.3

-1.5
0.3
2.0
3.3
0.4

5.4
-0.3
2.4
3.5
3.7

5.6
-5.5
2.7
1.6
1.2

14.1
0.6
2.0
2.8
6.9

1.9
0.0
2.2
3.4
2.0

9.8
-2.5
2.3
2.2
4.0

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....

Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

118.8

118.7

118.2

118.3

-5.2

0.0

1.4

-1.7

-2.6

-0.2

103.4
104.1
187.7
252.3
218.2

103.7
104.3
187.9
253.0
218.5

103.7
104.5
187.5
253.8
219.1

103.9
104.8
187.1
254.7
219.6

2.4
2.4
0.2
3.3
2.1

2.8
3.6
0.9
2.6
2.1

2.4
3.1
4.4
3.6
3.4

1.9
2.7
-1.3
3.9
2.6

2.6
3.0
0.5
2.9
2.1

2.2
2.9
1.5
3.7
3.0

160.9
156.1
157.4
131.9
135.2
141.6
148.3
172.8
178.2
99.7
170.0
172.1

162.4
157.6
158.6
134.8
140.0
148.0
150.8
173.0
178.6
106.1
170.6
172.8

162.3
157.5
158.6
134.2
139.2
146.7
150.5
173.3
179.0
104.6
170.8
172.9

162.3
157.4
158.6
133.9
138.5
146.3
150.5
173.6
179.2
103.3
171.0
173.1

1.3
0.5
1.3
-0.6
-0.6
-1.4
0.8
1.2
2.3
-9.8
2.4
2.4

2.0
2.1
2.3
1.8
2.7
5.3
2.2
1.4
2.5
-5.9
2.9
2.8

1.0
0.5
1.0
-1.8
1.5
4.7
1.9
2.1
1.8
7.1
0.7
0.5

3.5
3.4
3.1
6.2
10.1
14.0
6.1
1.9
2.3
15.2
2.4
2.3

1.6
1.3
1.8
0.6
1.0
1.9
1.5
1.3
2.4
-7.9
2.6
2.6

2.3
1.9
2.0
2.1
5.7
9.2
4.0
2.0
2.0
11.1
1.5
1.4

143.2
89.1
191.6

144.1
101.5
192.1

144.0
99.0
192.4

144.1
96.4
192.7

1.7
-14.7
2.8

4.0
-12.0
2.6

-3.8
13.6
2.8

2.5
37.0
2.3

2.8
-13.3
2.7

-0.7
24.8
2.5

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-W

Pricing

Indexes

Percent change to
June1999 from--

Percent change to
May1999 from--

schedule
(1)

Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

M

161.4

162.7

162.8

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

168.5
168.3
102.8

169.5
169.3
103.5

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

156.9
157.5
102.6

M

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................
West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

U.S. city average ...........................

June
1998

Apr.
1999

May
1999

May
1998

Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

162.8

1.9

0.1

0.0

2.1

0.9

0.1

169.7
169.4
103.5

170.0
169.9
103.4

2.1
2.2
1.9

0.3
0.4
-0.1

0.2
0.3
-0.1

2.0
2.0
2.0

0.7
0.7
0.7

0.1
0.1
0.0

158.2
158.8
103.5

158.3
158.9
103.4

158.5
159.3
103.4

1.8
2.0
1.5

0.2
0.3
-0.1

0.1
0.3
0.0

1.7
1.9
1.3

0.9
0.9
0.8

0.1
0.1
-0.1

153.4

154.4

154.4

154.9

2.4

0.3

0.3

2.0

0.7

0.0

M
M
M

158.4
156.9
102.8

159.4
157.9
103.5

159.7
158.1
103.7

159.7
158.4
103.6

1.7
1.6
1.8

0.2
0.3
0.1

0.0
0.2
-0.1

1.9
1.8
1.9

0.8
0.8
0.9

0.2
0.1
0.2

M

161.5

162.7

162.6

162.3

1.2

-0.2

-0.2

1.9

0.7

-0.1

M
M
M

163.2
162.3
104.0

164.9
164.2
105.0

164.7
164.0
104.7

164.2
163.5
104.3

2.4
2.6
2.2

-0.4
-0.4
-0.7

-0.3
-0.3
-0.4

2.7
2.9
2.4

0.9
1.0
0.7

-0.1
-0.1
-0.3

M
M
M

147.7
102.9
159.8

148.9
103.7
160.9

149.0
103.8
160.8

149.2
103.6
160.9

2.2
1.8
1.8

0.2
-0.1
0.0

0.1
-0.2
0.1

2.2
1.9
1.9

0.9
0.9
0.6

0.1
0.1
-0.1

M
M

161.1
158.3

161.7
160.1

162.3
159.7

163.0
158.9

1.7
1.8

0.8
-0.7

0.4
-0.5

1.5
2.2

0.7
0.9

0.4
-0.2

M

170.8

171.3

171.5

172.1

2.0

0.5

0.3

1.7

0.4

0.1

Region and area size(2)

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

172.3
152.9
155.8
102.8

-

172.6
153.7
157.0
103.4

-

-

-

-

2.2
1.7
2.7
2.1

0.2
0.5
0.8
0.6

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

-

160.9
158.7
146.6
159.1

-

161.9
158.3
147.1
158.9

1.6
2.8
1.4
0.8

0.6
-0.3
0.3
-0.1

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

170.6
168.8
167.8

-

171.9
168.3
168.0

2.7
4.1
3.2

0.8
-0.3
0.1

-

-

-

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 1(LAS). Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U-XL): U.S. city average, by
expenditure category and commodity and service group using a Laspeyres Estimator
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
indexes
May
1999

June
1999

166.3
498.2

166.4
498.5

Unadjusted
percent change to
June 1999 fromJune
1998

May
1999

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

2.1
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products ..............
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1).........
Food away from home ......................
Other food away from home (1)...........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

16.408
15.422
9.691
1.544
2.569
1.088
1.440

164.3
163.9
164.1
185.1
146.9
156.2
208.1

164.2
163.7
163.7
185.5
147.6
156.1
202.7

2.2
2.2
2.0
2.1
0.9
5.4
2.3

-0.1
-0.1
-0.2
0.2
0.5
-0.1
-2.6

1.049
2.002
.377
.309
1.316
.320
5.730
.175
.986

134.2
153.3
152.9
147.2
168.8
105.2
164.7
104.3
169.3

134.1
153.4
152.2
147.3
169.1
104.8
164.9
104.5
169.6

1.0
2.0
1.1
2.8
2.1
2.2
2.6
3.5
2.5

-0.1
0.1
-0.5
0.1
0.2
-0.4
0.1
0.2
0.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence ................
Lodging away from home (1)................
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (2).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1).....
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity .............
Household furnishings and operations ......

39.828
30.283
7.007
2.376

163.1
186.5
176.7
111.7

164.1
187.2
177.1
113.7

2.2
3.0
3.1
3.7

0.6
0.4
0.2
1.8

20.529
.371
4.735
3.801
.227
3.574
4.810

192.2
100.5
126.5
111.0
87.6
118.4
127.1

192.6
102.3
130.2
115.1
87.3
123.0
127.2

2.8
3.2
-0.8
-1.5
-2.5
-1.4
0.4

0.2
1.8
2.9
3.7
-0.3
3.9
0.1

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel ............
Footwear ..................................

4.831
1.358
1.939
.272
.876

134.8
134.0
128.6
127.4
127.5

131.9
131.7
124.8
126.4
125.9

-0.5
0.5
-0.8
1.4
-1.8

-2.2
-1.7
-3.0
-0.8
-1.3

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (1)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks ....................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................

16.999
15.653
7.843
4.983
1.914
2.493
2.476

144.4
140.3
99.8
142.9
149.6
101.3
100.8

143.5
139.7
99.8
142.5
150.9
99.1
98.5

1.3
1.1
0.1
-0.1
0.0
4.5
4.5

-0.6
-0.4
0.0
-0.3
0.9
-2.2
-2.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation .....................

.549
1.624
1.346

100.5
171.4
199.9

100.3
171.9
194.6

-0.7
3.2
3.4

-0.2
0.3
-2.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services ....................
Hospital and related services ............

5.713
1.252
4.461
2.854
1.354

249.6
230.1
254.0
228.6
297.0

250.4
231.3
254.7
229.3
297.6

3.5
4.1
3.3
3.1
4.1

0.3
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2

Recreation (1)..............................
Video and audio (1).......................

6.120
1.748

102.4
101.1

102.6
100.8

1.4
-0.4

0.2
-0.3

Education and communication (1).............
Education (1)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1).........................
Information and information processing
(1)...................................
Telephone services (1)..................
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (3)...
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1)......................

5.478
2.694
.203
2.492
2.783

100.5
105.6
261.3
304.1
95.9

100.5
105.7
262.0
304.5
95.8

0.4
4.9
5.4
4.9
-3.6

0.0
0.1
0.3
0.1
-0.1

2.580
2.327

95.4
99.7

95.3
99.8

-4.0
-1.6

-0.1
0.1

.253

31.4

30.6

-24.6

-2.5

.148

55.9

54.7

-31.6

-2.1

4.624
1.159
3.465
.742
.973
1.491

256.1
344.8
161.0
151.2
171.3
242.5

256.1
342.5
161.4
152.6
171.2
242.8

8.3
28.3
2.9
2.3
3.6
3.5

0.0
-0.7
0.2
0.9
-0.1
0.1

42.109
16.408
25.702
14.345
4.831

144.8
164.3
133.1
138.5
134.8

144.1
164.2
132.2
137.0
131.9

1.6
2.2
1.2
3.0
-0.5

-0.5
-0.1
-0.7
-1.1
-2.2

9.514
11.356
57.891
29.912

145.8
126.0
188.0
194.2

144.9
125.9
188.8
194.9

4.8
-1.2
2.5
3.0

-0.6
-0.1
0.4
0.4

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care .............................
Personal care products ...................
Personal care services ...................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........
Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (2).........................

Transportation services ....................
Other services .............................

6.963
10.768

190.9
222.2

189.8
222.7

1.4
2.8

-0.6
0.2

84.578
69.717
94.287
26.688
15.331
10.500
30.753
27.979
53.429
6.294
93.706
78.284

166.7
160.1
161.7
134.6
140.4
147.2
151.6
194.9
181.9
105.6
174.3
176.8

166.9
160.0
161.8
133.7
139.0
146.4
150.8
195.9
182.7
106.7
174.2
176.8

2.1
1.7
2.0
1.2
3.0
4.6
2.7
2.0
2.4
0.9
2.2
2.2

0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.7
-1.0
-0.5
-0.5
0.5
0.4
1.0
-0.1
0.0

23.967
2.720
54.316

144.8
100.3
195.1

144.1
98.2
195.5

0.9
3.9
2.7

-0.5
-2.1
0.2

-

$ .601

$ .601

-

-

-

$ .201

$ .201

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (2)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar
(1982-84=$1.00) .........................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar
(1967=$1.00) ............................

1 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
2 Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
3 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 2(LAS). Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W-XL): U.S.
city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group using a Laspeyres Estimator
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
indexes
May
1999

June
1999

Unadjusted
percent change to
June 1999 fromJune
1998

May
1999

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

162.9
485.3

163.0
485.5

2.1
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products ..............
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1).........
Food away from home ......................
Other food away from home (1)...........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

18.011
16.966
10.832
1.689
3.055
1.193
1.492

163.4
163.0
162.7
184.8
146.4
155.8
206.2

163.4
163.0
162.5
185.3
147.3
155.7
201.4

2.2
2.2
1.9
2.1
1.0
5.4
2.2

0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.3
0.6
-0.1
-2.3

1.184
2.220
.420
.354
1.446
.355
6.133
.216
1.045

133.1
152.6
152.8
147.0
168.6
104.9
164.6
104.2
168.5

133.0
152.7
151.9
147.1
168.9
104.4
164.8
104.5
168.7

1.1
1.9
0.9
2.8
2.1
1.9
2.5
3.5
2.7

-0.1
0.1
-0.6
0.1
0.2
-0.5
0.1
0.3
0.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence ................
Lodging away from home (1)................
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (2).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1).....
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity .............
Household furnishings and operations ......

36.685
27.496
8.500
1.379

159.2
180.9
176.4
111.7

160.3
181.5
176.8
113.8

2.1
2.9
3.2
3.5

0.7
0.3
0.2
1.9

17.296
.320
4.850
3.928
.201
3.727
4.339

175.1
100.9
126.3
110.6
88.0
117.9
125.2

175.4
102.4
130.2
114.7
87.8
122.6
125.2

2.7
3.1
-0.8
-1.5
-2.4
-1.5
0.0

0.2
1.5
3.1
3.7
-0.2
4.0
0.0

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel ............
Footwear ..................................

5.199
1.474
1.948
.344
1.057

133.5
134.2
126.7
128.8
128.0

130.6
131.7
122.6
127.7
126.2

-0.3
0.8
-0.6
1.8
-2.0

-2.2
-1.9
-3.2
-0.9
-1.4

Transportation .............................

19.166

143.2

142.5

1.1

-0.5

Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (1)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks ....................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation .....................

18.109
9.250
5.224
3.216
3.066
3.045
.682
1.690
1.056

140.4
99.8
144.0
151.0
101.2
100.7
100.1
172.9
195.0

139.9
100.0
143.6
152.2
99.1
98.6
100.0
173.3
190.7

1.0
0.0
-0.1
-0.1
4.3
4.3
-0.3
3.4
2.8

-0.4
0.2
-0.3
0.8
-2.1
-2.1
-0.1
0.2
-2.2

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services ....................
Hospital and related services ............

4.672
.926
3.746
2.415
1.114

248.8
226.3
253.8
230.2
293.0

249.6
227.4
254.5
231.0
293.6

3.4
3.9
3.3
3.1
4.1

0.3
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2

Recreation (1)..............................
Video and audio (1).......................

5.925
1.951

101.7
100.8

101.9
100.6

0.9
-0.5

0.2
-0.2

Education and communication (1).............
Education (1)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1).........................
Information and information processing
(1)...................................
Telephone services (1)..................
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (3)...
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1)......................

5.361
2.478
.200
2.278
2.883

100.8
105.8
264.0
298.7
96.7

100.8
106.0
264.6
299.2
96.7

0.5
5.1
5.5
5.1
-3.1

0.0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.0

2.733
2.519

96.4
99.9

96.3
100.0

-3.5
-1.4

-0.1
0.1

.213

32.4

31.6

-24.4

-2.5

.120

55.3

54.2

-31.8

-2.0

4.981
1.694
3.287
.838
.975
1.253

258.9
345.2
161.1
151.8
171.6
242.7

258.7
342.7
161.6
153.2
171.5
243.0

10.6
28.5
3.1
1.9
3.6
4.0

-0.1
-0.7
0.3
0.9
-0.1
0.1

46.764
18.011
28.753
15.564

144.8
163.4
133.6
139.0

144.2
163.4
132.7
137.4

1.8
2.2
1.5
3.7

-0.4
0.0
-0.7
-1.2

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care .............................
Personal care products ...................
Personal care services ...................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........
Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......

Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (2).........................
Transportation services ....................
Other services .............................

5.199

133.5

130.6

-0.3

-2.2

10.365
13.189
53.236
27.175
6.800
10.144

146.7
125.8
184.5
174.2
187.9
218.6

145.8
125.8
185.4
174.7
187.2
219.2

5.8
-1.1
2.4
2.9
1.2
2.7

-0.6
0.0
0.5
0.3
-0.4
0.3

83.034
72.504
95.328
29.798
16.609
11.410
33.575
26.061
49.490
6.994
93.006
76.040

162.8
157.9
158.9
135.0
140.8
147.9
151.6
173.1
178.7
105.2
170.9
172.9

162.9
157.8
159.0
134.1
139.3
147.1
150.7
174.2
179.5
106.2
170.8
172.9

2.1
1.7
2.0
1.5
3.6
5.5
2.9
1.8
2.3
1.1
2.2
2.2

0.1
-0.1
0.1
-0.7
-1.1
-0.5
-0.6
0.6
0.4
1.0
-0.1
0.0

26.531
3.267
49.509

144.7
100.6
191.9

144.1
98.6
192.3

1.3
4.0
2.7

-0.4
-2.0
0.2

-

$ .614

$ .613

-

-

-

$ .206

$ .206

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (2)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar
(1982-84=$1.00) .........................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar
(1967=$1.00) ............................

1 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
2 Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
3 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 3(LAS). Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U-XL): Selected areas, all items index
using a Laspeyres Estimator
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to

CPI-U

Pricing
schedule
(1)

June1999 from-Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

May
1999

M

165.2

166.3

166.3

166.4

0.7

0.1

0.1

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

172.1
173.1
103.3

173.0
173.8
104.0

173.0
173.8
103.9

173.3
174.3
103.9

0.7
0.7
0.6

0.2
0.3
-0.1

0.2
0.3
0.0

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

161.2
162.5
103.1

162.3
163.7
103.8

162.3
163.7
103.8

162.7
164.3
103.8

0.9
1.1
0.7

0.2
0.4
0.0

0.2
0.4
0.0

M

155.8

156.5

156.6

157.1

0.8

0.4

0.3

U.S. city average ...........................
Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

160.8
159.8
103.4

161.6
160.6
104.0

161.7
160.6
104.2

161.9
160.9
104.2

0.7
0.7
0.8

0.2
0.2
0.2

0.1
0.2
0.0

M

161.7

162.8

162.1

162.5

0.5

-0.2

0.2

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

167.5
168.4
104.3

169.2
170.1
105.2

169.0
170.1
105.0

168.5
169.5
104.7

0.6
0.7
0.4

-0.4
-0.4
-0.5

-0.3
-0.4
-0.3

M
M
M

149.6
103.5
161.3

150.7
104.1
162.3

150.6
104.2
162.0

150.8
104.1
162.3

0.8
0.6
0.6

0.1
0.0
0.0

0.1
-0.1
0.2

M
M

166.9
165.2

167.6
166.6

168.2
166.4

169.2
165.6

1.4
0.2

1.0
-0.6

0.6
-0.5

M

175.8

176.3

176.4

177.1

0.7

0.5

0.4

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (5)........

1
1
1
1

175.2
161.1
156.4
103.4

-

174.3
161.6
157.3
103.7

-

-

-

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

-

163.8
164.0
148.3
161.8

-

164.7
164.2
148.2
161.3

-

0.5
0.1
-0.1
-0.3

-

2
2
2

-

171.1
172.5
172.6

-

172.2
172.2
173.0

-

0.6
-0.2
0.2

-

1 Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas;
most other goods and services priced as indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 4(LAS). Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W-XL): Selected
areas, all items index using a Laspeyres Estimator
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

U.S. city average ...........................
Region and area size(2)

Pricing
schedule
(1)

M

Indexes

Percent change to
June1999 from--

Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

Mar.
1999

Apr.
1999

May
1999

161.6

162.8

162.9

163.0

0.9

0.1

0.1

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

168.7
168.5
102.8

169.7
169.5
103.5

169.8
169.6
103.5

170.1
170.1
103.4

0.8
0.9
0.6

0.2
0.4
-0.1

0.2
0.3
-0.1

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

157.1
157.6
102.7

158.3
158.8
103.6

158.4
159.0
103.5

158.7
159.5
103.5

1.0
1.2
0.8

0.3
0.4
-0.1

0.2
0.3
0.0

M

153.5

154.4

154.6

155.0

1.0

0.4

0.3

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

158.5
157.0
102.9

159.5
157.9
103.6

159.8
158.1
103.8

159.9
158.5
103.8

0.9
1.0
0.9

0.3
0.4
0.2

0.1
0.3
0.0

M

161.7

162.8

162.7

162.9

0.7

0.1

0.1

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

163.3
162.4
104.1

165.0
164.2
105.1

164.9
164.2
104.8

164.4
163.7
104.6

0.7
0.8
0.5

-0.4
-0.3
-0.5

-0.3
-0.3
-0.2

M
M
M

147.8
103.0
159.9

149.0
103.8
160.9

149.1
103.9
160.9

149.3
103.8
161.2

1.0
0.8
0.8

0.2
0.0
0.2

0.1
-0.1
0.2

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

161.1
158.5

161.7
160.1

162.4
159.9

163.1
159.1

1.2
0.4

0.9
-0.6

0.4
-0.5

M

171.0

171.6

171.7

172.3

0.8

0.4

0.3

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (5)........

1
1
1
1

172.7
152.9
155.9
103.0

-

172.8
153.8
157.0
103.5

-

-

-

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,

2
2
2
2

-

160.9
158.6
146.6
159.2

-

161.9
158.7
147.0
159.0

-

0.6
0.1
0.3
-0.1

-

PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2

-

170.5
169.0
168.1

-

1 Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas;
most other goods and services priced as indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

171.8
168.6
168.1

-

0.8
-0.2
0.0

-