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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-99-225
TRANSMISSION OF
MATERIAL IN THIS
RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Tuesday, August 17, 1999

JULY 1999

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.3
percent in July, before seasonal adjustment, to a level of 166.7 (198284=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today. For the 12-month period ended in July, the CPI-U
increased 2.1 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) rose 0.3 in July, prior to seasonal adjustment. The July level of
163.3 was 2.2 percent higher than the index in July 1998.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U increased 0.3 percent in
July, following two consecutive months of no change. Energy costs, which
declined in each of the preceding two months, rose 2.1 percent, accounting
for almost half of the July advance in the overall CPI. The index for
petroleum-based energy rose 4.0 percent in July, and the index for energy
services increased 0.6 percent. The food index increased 0.2 percent in
July, with the index for food at home up 0.1 percent after being unchanged
in June. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U increased 0.2 percent,
following increases of 0.1 percent in both May and June. Upturns in the
indexes for airline fares and cigarettes accounted for the larger advance
in the July all items less food and energy index.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
Compound
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
Category
1999
3-mos. ended
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July July `99
All Items
.1
.1
.2
.7
.0
.0
.3
1.2
Food and beverages .4
.2 -.2
.1
.4
.0
.2
2.2
Housing
-.1
.1
.2
.4
.1
.2
.1
1.7

Unadjusted
12-mos.
ended
July `99
2.1
2.1
2.2

Apparel
-1.1
Transportation
-.1
Medical care
.3
Recreation
.4
Education and
communication
.3
Other goods and
services
2.0
Special Indexes
Energy
-.2
Food
.5
All Items less
food and energy .1

-.2
-.1
.2
-.1

-.3
.7
.2
.0

1.5
2.4
.4
.3

-.2
-.5
.2
.2

-.4
-.6
.4
.0

-.9
1.2
.3
.0

-5.6
.3
3.6
.8

-1.8
2.0
3.5
1.1

.1

.0

.1

-.1

.0

.2

.4

.4

-.1

-.6

1.0

-.2

.2

.9

3.8

8.6

.0
.1

1.6
-.2

6.1 -1.3 -1.2
.1
.4
.0

2.1
.2

-1.9
2.2

3.3
2.1

.1

.1

.2

1.4

2.1

.4

.1

.1

During the first seven months of 1999, the CPI-U rose at a 2.4
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an
increase of 1.6 percent for all of 1998. The acceleration thus far in1999
has been due to energy costs, which increased at a 12.4 percent annual
rate in the first seven months of 1999 after declining 8.8 percent in all
of 1998. Food costs, which rose 2.3 percent in 1998, have risen at a 1.8
percent SAAR in the first seven months of 1999. Excluding food and
energy, the CPI-U has advanced at a 1.7 percent rate compared with a 2.4
percent rise for all of 1998.
The food and beverages index rose 0.2 percent in July. The index for
food at home increased 0.1 after registering no change in June. Small
price movements were recorded for each of the six major grocery store food
groups, ranging from - 0.3 to 0.4 percent. The index for fruits and
vegetables declined for the second consecutive month--down 0.2 percent in
July. The index for fresh fruits decreased 3.0 percent, despite another
increase in citrus fruit prices. In the first seven months of 1999,
prices for citrus fruits have risen 53.5 percent. The index for fresh
vegetables increased 2.5 percent, and prices for processed fruits and
vegetables increased 1.1 percent. The index for dairy products also
declined for the second consecutive month--down 0.3 percent in July. The
index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which rose 0.3 percent in June,
declined 0.1 percent in July. The index for beef and veal, which rose 1.5
percent in June, fell 0.1 percent in July. The indexes for pork and for
poultry each rose 0.3 percent in July. Among the other major grocery
store food groups, the index for nonalcoholic beverages rose 0.4 percent,
the index for cereal and bakery products, 0.3 percent, and the index for
other food at home, 0.1 percent. The other two components of the food and
beverages index--food away from home and alcoholic beverages--increased
0.3 and 0.5 percent, respectively.

The index for housing rose 0.1 percent in July, following an increase
of 0.2 percent in June. Shelter costs, which rose 0.2 percent in each of
the preceding two months, increased 0.1 percent in July. Within shelter,
the indexes for rent and for lodging away from home each increased 0.2
percent and the index for owners' equivalent rent rose 0.1 percent. The
index for fuels and utilities increased 0.5 percent in July. The index
for household fuels rose 0.7 percent, reflecting increases in each of the
three major household fuels. Charges for natural gas and for electricity
increased 1.0 and 0.5 percent, respectively, and the index for fuel oil
rose 2.9 percent. The index for household furnishings and operations,
which rose 0.2 percent in June, was unchanged in July.
The transportation component advanced 1.2 percent in July, reflecting
upturns in the indexes for gasoline and for airline fares. The gasoline
index, which fell 2.7 and 3.2 percent in May and June, respectively, rose
4.3 percent in July. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices
increased 3.3 percent in July.) Gasoline prices have risen 18.9 percent
thus far in 1999, but as of July are 14.2 percent lower than their peak
level in November 1990. Airline fares, which also had decreased in each
of the preceding two months, increased 6.5 percent in July. The index for
new and used vehicles rose 0.3 percent in July; the index for new vehicles
increased 0.1 percent, and the index for used cars and trucks increased
0.9 percent.
The index for apparel declined for the third consecutive month, down
0.9 percent in July. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel prices fell
2.8 percent, reflecting seasonal price discounting on spring-summer wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in July to a level 3.5 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.6 percent,
with the index for prescription drugs up 0.6 percent. The index for
medical care services rose 0.2 percent. Charges for professional services
and for hospital and related services each increased 0.2 percent.
In July, for the second consecutive month, the index for recreation
costs was unchanged. Small increases in the indexes for admissions to
movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting events, for sporting goods, and
for photography were offset by declines in the indexes for toys, for
recreational books, for video equipment, and for pets and pet services.
The index for education and communication increased 0.2 percent in
July. Educational costs rose 0.5 percent, while the index for
communication was unchanged. Within the latter group, the index for

personal computers and peripheral equipment declined 2.9 percent, and the
index for telephone services decreased 0.2 percent. A 0.4 percent increase in local telephone service charges was
more than offset by decreases in both long distance telephone charges and
the cost of cellular telephone services--down 0.7 and 1.3 percent,
respectively.
The index for other goods and services rose 0.9 percent, following a
0.2 percent increase in June. The index for tobacco and smoking products
increased 3.3 percent in July, reflecting a 4.0 percent rise in cigarette
prices and accounting for virtually all the July advance in this major
group.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.4 percent in July.
Table B.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound
adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
12-mos.
Category
1999
3-mos. ended
ended
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July July`99
July `99
All Items
.2
.0
.1
.7
.0
.0
.4
1.5
2.2
Food and beverages .4
.1 -.2
.1
.3
.1
.2
2.2
2.0
Housing
.0
.1
.3
.3
.1
.1
.2
1.8
2.0
Apparel
-1.1 -.4 -.4 1.4 -.1 -.5 -.7
-4.8
-1.4
Transportation
-.1
-.4
.6 2.6 -.4 -.5 1.2
1.1
2.1
Medical care
.3
.2
.3
.4
.2
.4
.3
3.6
3.4
Recreation
.4
-.2 -.1
.2
.2
.1
.0
1.2
.7
Education and
communication
.3
.2
.0 -.1
.0
.1
.2
1.2
.6
Other goods and
services
2.5 -.2 -1.0 1.4 -.4
.3 1.2
4.2
11.0
Special Indexes
Energy
-.1
-.2 2.0 6.4 -1.4 -1.2 2.3
-1.5
3.7
Food
.5
.1 -.2
.1
.3
.1
.1
2.0
2.0
All Items less
food and energy
.1
.0
.0
.4
.1
.1
.2
1.6
2.1
Consumer Price Index data for August are scheduled for release on
Wednesday, September 15, 1999, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).

__________________________________________________________________________
A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes
seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each
month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy,
seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred since they
eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
same time and in about the same magnitude every year--such
as price movements resulting from changing climatic
conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays,
and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements
and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to
the Consumer Price Index unadjusted for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally
adjusted indexes are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal
Adjustment Method. The updated seasonal data at the end of
1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977. Subsequent
annual updates have replaced 5 years of seasonal data, e.g.,
data from 1994 through 1998 were replaced at the end of
1998. The seasonal movement of all items and 54 other
aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal movement
of 73 selected components. Each year the seasonal status of
every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. If any of the 73 components change their seasonal
adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used for the
last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes will be
used before that period.
Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index
levels, are subject to revision for up to five years after
their original release. For this reason, BLS advises
against the use of these data in escalation agreements.

Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors
for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention
Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.
Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme values
and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal
pattern are estimated and removed from the data prior to
calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the
calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA
software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment.
For the fuel oil and the motor fuels indexes, this
procedure was used to offset the effects that extreme price
volatility would otherwise have had on the estimates of
seasonally adjusted data for those series. For some women's
apparel indexes and the girls' apparel index, the procedure
was used to offset the effects of changes in pricing
methodology. For the tobacco and smoking products index,
this procedure was used to offset the effects wholesale
tobacco prices and legal fees passed on to consumers. For
some alcoholic beverage series, Intervention Analysis
Seasonal Adjustment was used to offset the effects of excise
tax increases. For the Nonalcoholic beverages index, the
procedure was used to offset the effects of a large increase
in coffee prices due to adverse weather. The procedure was
used to account for unusual butter fat supply reductions
affecting the Fats and oils series. For the Water and
sewerage maintenance index, the procedure was used to
account for a data collection anomaly.
A description of Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment, as well as a list of unusual events modeled and
seasonal factors for these items may be obtained by writing
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or by calling Claire
McAnaw Gallagher on (202) 606-6968 or sending e-mail to
Gallagher_C@BLS.GOV.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity
and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
July 1999 fromJune
1999

July
1999

July
1998

June
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromApr. to
May

May to June to
June
July

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

166.2
497.9

166.7
499.2

2.1
-

0.3
-

0.0
-

0.0
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

16.408
15.422
9.691
1.544
2.569
1.088
1.440

164.1
163.6
163.7
185.7
147.2
156.1
203.2

164.2
163.8
163.7
186.3
147.3
155.7
202.0

2.1
2.1
1.8
2.5
0.3
5.1
1.9

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.1
-0.3
-0.6

0.4
0.4
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
2.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
-0.1
-0.5

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
-0.1
-0.3
-0.2

1.049
2.002
.377
.309
1.316
.320
5.730
.175
.986

134.3
153.6
152.4
147.5
169.2
104.9
164.6
104.4
169.5

134.3
153.7
152.4
148.1
169.3
104.2
165.1
105.5
169.9

1.5
1.7
1.7
0.3
2.0
1.6
2.5
3.8
2.6

0.0
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.1
-0.7
0.3
1.1
0.2

0.4
0.1
0.9
-1.1
0.0
-0.6
0.1
0.3
0.3

0.3
0.1
-0.4
0.0
0.2
-0.1
0.0
0.1
0.2

0.4
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.1
-0.7
0.3
1.1
0.5

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................

39.828
30.283
7.007
2.376

164.1
187.2
177.1
113.8

164.7
188.0
177.5
117.1

2.2
3.0
3.1
4.8

0.4
0.4
0.2
2.9

0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.6

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2

20.529
.371
4.735

192.6
102.2
130.2

193.0
102.1
131.1

2.7
2.8
-0.2

0.2
-0.1
0.7

0.3
0.2
-0.2

0.1
1.7
0.2

0.1
-0.1
0.5

Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

3.801
.227
3.574

115.1
87.3
123.0

116.0
87.5
124.0

-0.7
-0.3
-0.7

0.8
0.2
0.8

-0.3
0.8
-0.3

0.1
1.0
0.1

0.7
1.9
0.6

.934
4.810
.908

103.8
126.8
104.3

104.1
126.8
104.3

2.1
-0.3
2.4

0.3
0.0
0.0

0.1
-0.3
0.1

0.1
0.2
0.2

0.0
0.0
0.0

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

4.831
1.358
1.939
.272
.876

130.9
131.4
122.6
126.8
125.4

127.3
128.3
116.1
127.4
125.2

-1.8
-0.9
-3.7
4.4
-1.4

-2.8
-2.4
-5.3
0.5
-0.2

-0.2
-0.2
0.3
-0.5
-1.3

-0.4
0.2
-0.3
-0.6
-0.6

-0.9
-1.1
-2.0
0.5
1.0

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

16.999
15.653
7.843
4.983
1.914
2.493
2.476
.549
1.624
1.346

143.4
139.7
99.7
142.5
150.9
99.2
98.6
100.1
171.7
192.6

144.7
140.6
99.8
142.0
152.3
102.5
101.9
100.0
172.1
200.8

2.0
1.9
-0.1
-0.5
0.7
9.4
9.3
-1.1
3.2
4.6

0.9
0.6
0.1
-0.4
0.9
3.3
3.3
-0.1
0.2
4.3

-0.5
-0.4
0.2
-0.1
0.9
-2.6
-2.7
0.1
0.2
-1.5

-0.6
-0.4
0.1
-0.1
0.9
-3.0
-3.2
-0.3
0.2
-2.9

1.2
0.9
0.3
0.1
0.9
4.1
4.3
-0.2
0.2
4.3

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

5.713
1.252
4.461
2.854
1.354

250.2
230.5
254.6
229.3
297.6

251.1
231.7
255.5
229.8
299.3

3.5
4.3
3.3
3.1
3.9

0.4
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.6

0.2
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.4

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.2

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

6.120
1.748

102.2
100.7

102.2
100.6

1.1
-0.5

0.0
-0.1

0.2
0.2

0.0
-0.2

0.0
-0.1

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral

5.478
2.694
.203
2.492
2.783

100.3
105.7
262.1
304.4
95.5

100.4
106.0
262.3
305.4
95.5

0.4
5.0
5.3
4.9
-3.6

0.1
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.0

-0.1
0.5
0.7
0.5
-0.6

0.0
0.3
0.4
0.3
-0.2

0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.0

2.580
2.327

94.9
99.7

94.9
99.5

-4.1
-2.0

0.0
-0.2

-0.6
-0.4

-0.3
0.1

0.0
-0.2

.253

29.8

30.0

-23.3

0.7

-3.7

-3.6

0.7

equipment (1) (2)...................

.148

54.5

52.9

-29.7

-2.9

-1.9

-2.2

-2.9

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.624
1.159
3.465
.742
.973
1.491

255.9
343.2
161.1
152.6
170.9
242.4

258.3
356.0
161.1
152.0
171.4
242.9

8.6
30.3
2.6
1.9
3.2
3.3

0.9
3.7
0.0
-0.4
0.3
0.2

-0.2
-1.4
0.3
0.0
0.4
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
1.1
-0.1
0.1

0.9
3.3
0.0
-0.4
0.3
0.4

42.109
16.408
25.702
14.345
4.831

143.9
164.1
131.9
136.6
130.9

143.9
164.2
131.9
136.7
127.3

1.6
2.1
1.4
3.7
-1.8

0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
-2.8

-0.1
0.4
-0.4
-0.5
-0.2

-0.2
0.0
-0.4
-0.5
-0.4

0.4
0.2
0.5
1.0
-0.9

9.514
11.356
57.891
29.912
.371
3.574

144.8
125.7
188.6
194.9
102.2
123.0

146.8
125.6
189.5
195.7
102.1
124.0

6.4
-1.5
2.5
2.9
2.8
-0.7

1.4
-0.1
0.5
0.4
-0.1
0.8

-0.8
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.3

-0.5
0.0
0.1
0.3
1.7
0.1

1.5
0.2
0.3
0.1
-0.1
0.6

.934
.908
6.963
4.461
10.768

103.8
104.3
189.3
254.6
222.2

104.1
104.3
191.0
255.5
222.6

2.1
2.4
1.7
3.3
2.6

0.3
0.0
0.9
0.4
0.2

0.1
0.1
-0.3
0.3
0.2

0.1
0.2
-0.5
0.4
0.1

0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2
0.3

84.578
69.717
94.287
26.688
15.331
10.500
30.753
27.979
53.429
6.294
93.706
78.284

166.7
159.7
161.6
133.4
138.6
146.3
150.5
195.6
182.6
106.8
174.0
176.6

167.2
160.1
162.0
133.4
138.7
148.2
150.6
196.5
183.4
108.7
174.3
176.9

2.2
1.8
2.1
1.4
3.7
6.1
2.9
2.0
2.5
3.3
2.0
2.1

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.1
1.3
0.1
0.5
0.4
1.8
0.2
0.2

-0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.4
-0.4
-0.8
0.1
0.1
0.1
-1.3
0.1
0.1

0.0
-0.1
-0.1
-0.3
-0.4
-0.3
-0.1
0.2
0.1
-1.2
0.1
0.1

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.9
1.4
0.5
0.4
0.3
2.1
0.2
0.2

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy

commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

23.967
2.720
54.316
-

143.7
98.3
195.3
$ .602

143.2
101.3
196.1
$ .600

0.6
8.6
2.7
-

-0.3
3.1
0.4
-

-0.1
-2.4
0.2
-

0.0
-2.7
0.1
-

0.1
4.0
0.3
-

-

$ .201

$ .200

-

-

-

-

-

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-U

3 months ended-Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

July
1999

All items ...................................

166.2

166.2

166.2

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........

163.6
163.3
163.0
184.6
147.0
156.1

164.2
163.9
163.9
185.1
147.3
156.2

164.2
163.9
163.9
185.2
147.7
156.1

6 months
ended--

Oct.
1998

Jan.
1999

Apr.
1999

July
1999

Jan.
1999

July
1999

166.7

1.5

1.7

3.9

1.2

1.6

2.6

164.5
164.2
164.0
185.8
147.6
155.7

3.3
3.3
3.5
2.7
0.3
19.7

2.7
2.7
2.5
4.5
-5.1
17.0

0.2
0.0
-1.2
0.4
4.2
-12.1

2.2
2.2
2.5
2.6
1.6
-1.0

3.0
3.0
3.0
3.6
-2.4
18.3

1.2
1.1
0.6
1.5
2.9
-6.7

Expenditure category

Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

200.9

206.2

205.1

204.7

1.6

6.3

-7.4

7.8

3.9

-0.1

133.5
153.3
151.3
148.8
168.7
105.6
164.5
104.0
168.5

134.0
153.4
152.7
147.2
168.7
105.0
164.6
104.3
169.0

134.4
153.5
152.1
147.2
169.1
104.9
164.6
104.4
169.3

134.9
153.7
152.1
147.7
169.3
104.2
165.1
105.5
170.1

-1.2
4.6
2.7
27.8
0.2
3.6
3.0
4.4
2.2

2.4
0.5
1.3
-14.9
4.2
2.3
3.0
3.2
2.2

0.3
1.1
0.5
-3.7
2.7
5.9
2.5
1.9
2.2

4.3
1.0
2.1
-2.9
1.4
-5.2
1.5
5.9
3.9

0.6
2.5
2.0
4.3
2.2
2.9
3.0
3.8
2.2

2.3
1.0
1.3
-3.3
2.0
0.2
2.0
3.9
3.0

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

163.1
186.2
176.5
105.2

163.3
186.6
176.9
105.0

163.6
187.0
177.1
105.6

163.8
187.1
177.5
105.8

2.3
4.0
3.8
11.6

1.5
2.0
3.5
-7.1

3.0
3.5
2.8
13.6

1.7
1.9
2.3
2.3

1.9
3.0
3.6
1.8

2.4
2.7
2.5
7.8

192.1
100.3
127.6
111.5
86.7
119.3

192.6
100.5
127.3
111.2
87.4
118.9

192.8
102.2
127.5
111.3
88.3
119.0

193.0
102.1
128.2
112.1
90.0
119.7

3.2
1.6
-4.6
-6.2
-12.2
-5.8

2.6
0.0
0.0
-1.1
-11.4
-0.3

2.8
2.4
2.5
2.6
9.3
2.4

1.9
7.4
1.9
2.2
16.1
1.3

2.9
0.8
-2.3
-3.7
-11.8
-3.1

2.3
4.9
2.2
2.4
12.6
1.9

103.6
126.9
104.0

103.7
126.5
104.1

103.8
126.7
104.3

103.8
126.7
104.3

2.4
-0.9
2.0

3.2
1.0
2.8

2.4
-0.3
3.5

0.8
-0.6
1.2

2.8
0.0
2.4

1.6
-0.5
2.3

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

132.1
132.2
123.5
128.2
127.8

131.9
131.9
123.9
127.6
126.1

131.4
132.2
123.5
126.8
125.4

130.2
130.8
121.0
127.4
126.6

1.5
0.3
0.3
29.7
-0.3

-7.0
-5.3
-11.0
-0.6
-4.0

4.0
6.0
4.3
-5.4
2.2

-5.6
-4.2
-7.9
-2.5
-3.7

-2.8
-2.6
-5.5
13.5
-2.2

-0.9
0.8
-2.0
-4.0
-0.8

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

144.6
140.6
99.8
142.8
148.3
102.6
102.1
100.5
171.1
201.4

143.9
140.0
100.0
142.7
149.6
99.9
99.3
100.6
171.5
198.4

143.0
139.4
100.1
142.6
150.9
96.9
96.1
100.3
171.8
192.6

144.7
140.7
100.4
142.7
152.3
100.9
100.2
100.1
172.2
200.8

-1.4
-1.2
0.8
-0.3
4.6
-10.0
-9.7
0.8
4.1
-4.3

-2.5
-2.9
-0.8
0.6
-6.1
-14.3
-14.0
-1.6
2.6
1.1

12.5
11.6
-2.8
-1.9
-6.0
98.9
98.7
-2.0
3.1
25.2

0.3
0.3
2.4
-0.3
11.2
-6.5
-7.2
-1.6
2.6
-1.2

-2.0
-2.0
0.0
0.1
-0.9
-12.2
-11.9
-0.4
3.4
-1.7

6.2
5.8
-0.2
-1.1
2.3
36.4
35.7
-1.8
2.8
11.2

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

249.0
228.8
253.3
227.7
296.3

249.6
229.0
254.0
228.2
297.6

250.5
229.9
254.9
229.0
298.8

251.2
231.2
255.5
229.5
299.3

3.7
5.1
3.1
3.5
3.1

3.3
2.9
3.4
2.9
4.3

3.4
4.7
3.2
2.9
3.9

3.6
4.3
3.5
3.2
4.1

3.5
4.0
3.3
3.2
3.7

3.5
4.5
3.4
3.0
4.0

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

101.8
100.6

102.0
100.8

102.0
100.6

102.0
100.5

0.4
1.6

2.4
1.2

0.8
-4.3

0.8
-0.4

1.4
1.4

0.8
-2.3

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

101.2
106.6
260.7
305.6
96.3

101.1
107.1
262.4
307.2
95.7

101.1
107.4
263.4
308.1
95.5

101.3
107.9
264.2
309.4
95.5

-1.2
3.9
9.4
3.6
-5.1

1.6
4.7
-0.3
4.9
-2.0

0.8
6.2
6.9
6.0
-4.0

0.4
5.0
5.5
5.1
-3.3

0.2
4.3
4.4
4.2
-3.6

0.6
5.6
6.2
5.5
-3.7

95.8
100.0

95.2
99.6

94.9
99.7

94.9
99.5

-5.5
-3.1

-2.8
0.0

-4.5
-2.8

-3.7
-2.0

-4.2
-1.6

-4.1
-2.4

32.1

30.9

29.8

30.0

-27.3

-23.2

-18.7

-23.7

-25.3

-21.2

56.8

55.7

54.5

52.9

-35.1

-31.5

-26.8

-24.8

-33.3

-25.8

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

256.6
348.9
160.2
150.9
170.3
241.0

256.2
344.1
160.7
150.9
171.0
241.6

256.8
344.9
161.1
152.6
170.9
241.9

259.0
356.3
161.1
152.0
171.4
242.9

5.7
15.8
2.8
0.8
3.4
3.8

25.7
142.2
2.0
1.3
3.1
3.8

1.1
-5.5
3.3
2.7
3.6
2.7

3.8
8.8
2.3
2.9
2.6
3.2

15.2
67.4
2.4
1.1
3.3
3.8

2.4
1.4
2.8
2.8
3.1
2.9

144.3
163.6
132.8
137.6
132.1

144.1
164.2
132.3
136.9
131.9

143.8
164.2
131.8
136.2
131.4

144.4
164.5
132.5
137.6
130.2

0.8
3.3
-0.6
0.3
1.5

1.4
2.7
0.3
0.6
-7.0

4.3
0.2
6.9
14.6
4.0

0.3
2.2
-0.9
0.0
-5.6

1.1
3.0
-0.2
0.5
-2.8

2.3
1.2
2.9
7.0
-0.9

145.8
125.7
188.1
194.1
100.3
119.3

144.6
125.7
188.3
194.4
100.5
118.9

143.9
125.7
188.5
194.9
102.2
119.0

146.1
125.9
189.0
195.1
102.1
119.7

0.0
-1.6
2.2
4.3
1.6
-5.8

5.6
-1.3
2.2
1.9
0.0
-0.3

20.0
-3.4
3.5
3.4
2.4
2.4

0.8
0.6
1.9
2.1
7.4
1.3

2.8
-1.4
2.2
3.1
0.8
-3.1

10.0
-1.4
2.7
2.7
4.9
1.9

103.6

103.7

103.8

103.8

2.4

3.2

2.4

0.8

2.8

1.6

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................

Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

104.0
191.0
253.3
222.2

104.1
190.4
254.0
222.7

104.3
189.5
254.9
223.0

104.3
191.4
255.5
223.6

2.0
-0.6
3.1
1.8

2.8
1.1
3.4
3.7

3.5
5.6
3.2
2.6

1.2
0.8
3.5
2.5

2.4
0.2
3.3
2.8

2.3
3.2
3.4
2.6

166.6
159.9
161.4
134.4
139.5
147.2
150.5
194.9
182.0
106.5
174.1
176.7

166.5
159.8
161.4
133.9
138.9
146.0
150.6
195.1
182.2
105.1
174.3
176.9

166.5
159.6
161.3
133.5
138.3
145.6
150.5
195.4
182.4
103.8
174.4
177.0

167.0
160.3
161.8
134.1
139.5
147.6
151.3
196.1
183.0
106.0
174.7
177.3

1.5
0.8
1.5
-0.6
0.6
0.3
1.4
0.4
2.3
-7.9
2.4
2.3

1.5
1.8
1.8
0.3
0.9
5.3
1.9
2.3
2.0
-6.2
2.3
2.1

4.7
3.8
3.8
6.8
13.7
18.4
6.1
2.9
3.4
35.0
2.1
2.3

1.0
1.0
1.0
-0.9
0.0
1.1
2.1
2.5
2.2
-1.9
1.4
1.4

1.5
1.3
1.6
-0.2
0.7
2.7
1.6
1.4
2.1
-7.1
2.4
2.2

2.8
2.4
2.4
2.9
6.6
9.4
4.1
2.7
2.8
15.1
1.7
1.8

144.1
101.2
195.1

144.0
98.8
195.4

144.0
96.1
195.6

144.1
99.9
196.1

0.8
-10.4
3.0

2.2
-14.0
2.3

-0.8
90.0
3.6

0.0
-5.0
2.1

1.5
-12.2
2.6

-0.4
34.3
2.8

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-U

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes
Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

Percent change to
July1999 from-July
1999

July

May

June

Percent change to
June1999 from-June

Apr.

May

U.S. city average ...........................

1998

1999

1999

1998

1999

1999

M

166.2

166.2

166.2

166.7

2.1

0.3

0.3

2.0

0.0

0.0

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

172.8
173.6
103.9

172.8
173.6
103.9

173.1
174.1
103.8

173.4
174.5
103.9

2.1
2.2
1.9

0.3
0.5
0.0

0.2
0.2
0.1

2.1
2.2
1.9

0.2
0.3
-0.1

0.2
0.3
-0.1

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

162.2
163.6
103.7

162.2
163.6
103.7

162.5
164.1
103.7

162.9
164.6
103.9

1.9
2.1
1.7

0.4
0.6
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.2

1.9
2.1
1.5

0.2
0.3
0.0

0.2
0.3
0.0

M

156.4

156.5

156.9

157.2

2.4

0.4

0.2

2.3

0.3

0.3

Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

161.5
160.5
103.9

161.6
160.5
104.1

161.7
160.9
104.1

162.2
161.4
104.3

1.8
1.8
1.9

0.4
0.6
0.2

0.3
0.3
0.2

1.6
1.6
1.8

0.1
0.2
0.2

0.1
0.2
0.0

M

162.6

162.1

162.0

162.6

1.6

0.3

0.4

1.3

-0.4

-0.1

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

169.0
170.0
105.1

168.7
169.8
104.8

168.3
169.3
104.5

168.9
169.9
104.9

2.8
2.9
2.5

0.1
0.1
0.1

0.4
0.4
0.4

2.5
2.6
2.2

-0.4
-0.4
-0.6

-0.2
-0.3
-0.3

M
M
M

150.5
104.1
162.1

150.5
104.1
161.9

150.7
104.0
162.0

151.1
104.2
162.4

2.3
1.9
1.9

0.4
0.1
0.3

0.3
0.2
0.2

2.2
1.8
1.8

0.1
-0.1
-0.1

0.1
-0.1
0.1

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

167.6
166.6

168.2
166.2

168.9
165.4

169.4
165.8

1.7
2.3

0.7
-0.2

0.3
0.2

1.7
2.0

0.8
-0.7

0.4
-0.5

M

176.0

176.1

176.8

177.2

2.1

0.6

0.2

2.1

0.5

0.4

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................

1
1

-

174.2
161.5

-

175.3
162.8

2.7
1.8

0.6
0.8

-

-

-

-

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1

-

157.2
103.6

-

158.3
104.6

2.7
1.8

0.7
1.0

-

-

-

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

164.0
164.1
148.3
161.7

-

164.8
163.8
148.3
161.3

-

-

-

-

1.7
2.8
1.3
0.7

0.5
-0.2
0.0
-0.2

-

2
2
2

171.1
172.2
172.2

-

172.1
171.8
172.7

-

-

-

-

2.4
3.8
3.1

0.6
-0.2
0.3

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
July 1999 fromJune
1999

July
1999

162.8
485.0

163.3
486.3

July
1998

June
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromApr. to
May

May to June to
June
July

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

2.2
-

0.3
-

0.0
-

0.0
-

0.4
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

18.011
16.966
10.832
1.689
3.055
1.193
1.492

163.3
162.8
162.5
185.5
146.9
155.7
201.9

163.4
163.0
162.5
186.1
146.8
155.3
201.0

2.0
2.0
1.8
2.5
0.1
5.1
1.9

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.3
-0.1
-0.3
-0.4

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
2.5

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.5
-0.1
-0.4

0.2
0.1
0.0
0.3
-0.2
-0.3
0.0

1.184
2.220
.420
.354
1.446
.355
6.133
.216
1.045

133.2
152.8
152.0
147.2
169.0
104.4
164.4
104.5
168.7

133.1
153.0
152.0
147.8
169.2
103.9
164.9
105.3
169.1

1.4
1.7
1.4
0.3
2.0
1.1
2.4
3.7
2.8

-0.1
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.1
-0.5
0.3
0.8
0.2

0.4
0.0
0.7
-1.0
0.0
-0.5
0.1
0.1
0.4

0.3
0.0
-0.5
0.1
0.2
-0.3
-0.1
0.3
0.4

0.4
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1
-0.5
0.3
0.8
0.4

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

36.685
27.496
8.500
1.379

160.2
181.5
176.8
113.8

160.7
182.0
177.1
116.7

2.0
2.8
3.1
4.3

0.3
0.3
0.2
2.5

0.1
0.3
0.3
-0.2

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.2
0.2
0.2
-0.1

17.296
.320
4.850
3.928
.201
3.727

175.4
102.3
130.2
114.7
87.8
122.6

175.7
102.2
131.1
115.7
87.6
123.6

2.6
2.8
-0.3
-0.8
-0.7
-0.8

0.2
-0.1
0.7
0.9
-0.2
0.8

0.3
0.3
-0.2
-0.3
0.8
-0.4

0.1
1.4
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.1

0.2
-0.1
0.6
0.6
1.5
0.6

.922
4.339
.402

103.9
124.8
104.8

104.2
124.9
104.8

2.2
-0.6
2.7

0.3
0.1
0.0

0.0
-0.3
0.2

0.2
0.1
0.3

0.0
0.1
0.0

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

5.199
1.474
1.948
.344
1.057

129.6
131.6
120.6
128.0
125.8

126.4
128.6
114.4
128.4
125.8

-1.4
-0.4
-3.5
4.6
-1.3

-2.5
-2.3
-5.1
0.3
0.0

-0.1
-0.2
0.5
-0.3
-1.2

-0.5
0.2
-0.5
-0.7
-0.7

-0.7
-1.0
-2.1
0.3
1.2

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................

19.166
18.109
9.250
5.224
3.216

142.4
139.9
100.0
143.6
152.2

143.7
140.9
100.1
143.2
153.7

2.1
2.0
-0.1
-0.5
0.7

0.9
0.7
0.1
-0.3
1.0

-0.4
-0.4
0.2
-0.1
0.9

-0.5
-0.4
0.3
0.1
0.9

1.2
1.0
0.4
-0.1
1.0

Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

3.066
3.045
.682
1.690
1.056

99.2
98.7
99.6
173.1
189.0

102.6
102.1
99.5
173.5
195.7

9.3
9.3
-1.0
3.3
3.7

3.4
3.4
-0.1
0.2
3.5

-2.6
-2.8
0.3
0.3
-1.3

-2.8
-2.8
-0.3
0.2
-2.5

4.2
4.2
-0.3
0.2
3.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

4.672
.926
3.746
2.415
1.114

249.4
226.6
254.5
231.0
293.6

250.3
227.8
255.3
231.4
295.3

3.4
4.0
3.3
3.1
3.9

0.4
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.6

0.2
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.4

0.4
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.3

0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.3

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

5.925
1.951

101.6
100.5

101.6
100.4

0.7
-0.6

0.0
-0.1

0.2
0.1

0.1
-0.1

0.0
-0.1

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

5.361
2.478
.200
2.278
2.883

100.7
106.0
264.8
299.2
96.4

100.8
106.3
265.0
300.2
96.3

0.6
5.1
5.5
5.2
-3.3

0.1
0.3
0.1
0.3
-0.1

0.0
0.6
0.6
0.6
-0.5

0.1
0.4
0.4
0.4
-0.1

0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
-0.1

2.733
2.519

96.0
99.9

96.0
99.7

-3.5
-1.8

0.0
-0.2

-0.5
-0.2

-0.2
0.1

0.0
-0.2

.213

30.8

31.1

-22.6

1.0

-3.6

-3.1

1.0

.120

54.0

52.5

-29.4

-2.8

-1.4

-2.0

-2.8

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.981
1.694
3.287
.838
.975
1.253

258.7
343.5
161.3
153.3
171.2
242.6

262.0
356.6
161.3
152.7
171.8
243.2

11.0
30.4
2.7
1.7
3.2
4.0

1.3
3.8
0.0
-0.4
0.4
0.2

-0.4
-1.7
0.2
-0.1
0.5
0.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
1.1
-0.1
0.2

1.2
3.4
0.0
-0.4
0.4
0.3

46.764
18.011
28.753
15.564
5.199

144.0
163.3
132.5
137.0
129.6

144.2
163.4
132.7
137.5
126.4

1.9
2.0
1.8
4.6
-1.4

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.4
-2.5

-0.1
0.3
-0.5
-0.6
-0.1

-0.2
0.1
-0.3
-0.6
-0.5

0.5
0.2
0.7
1.3
-0.7

10.365
13.189

145.7
125.6

148.1
125.7

7.6
-1.3

1.6
0.1

-1.2
0.1

-0.3
0.1

1.7
0.2

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................

Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

53.236
27.175
.320
3.727

185.2
174.7
102.3
122.6

185.9
175.3
102.2
123.6

2.4
2.9
2.8
-0.8

0.4
0.3
-0.1
0.8

0.2
0.2
0.3
-0.4

0.1
0.2
1.4
0.1

0.3
0.1
-0.1
0.6

.922
.402
6.800
3.746
10.144

103.9
104.8
186.7
254.5
218.8

104.2
104.8
188.0
255.3
219.2

2.2
2.7
1.5
3.3
2.6

0.3
0.0
0.7
0.3
0.2

0.0
0.2
-0.2
0.3
0.3

0.2
0.3
-0.2
0.4
0.2

0.0
0.0
0.7
0.2
0.2

83.034
72.504
95.328
29.798
16.609
11.410
33.575
26.061
49.490
6.994
93.006
76.040

162.7
157.6
158.8
133.9
138.9
147.0
150.5
174.0
179.4
106.2
170.6
172.7

163.2
158.0
159.2
134.2
139.4
149.3
150.8
174.7
180.1
108.4
170.9
172.9

2.2
1.9
2.1
2.0
4.5
7.2
3.2
1.9
2.3
3.7
2.1
2.1

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.4
1.6
0.2
0.4
0.4
2.1
0.2
0.1

-0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.4
-0.6
-0.9
-0.2
0.2
0.2
-1.4
0.1
0.1

0.0
-0.1
0.0
-0.2
-0.5
-0.3
0.0
0.2
0.1
-1.2
0.1
0.1

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.6
1.2
1.6
0.6
0.3
0.3
2.3
0.2
0.2

26.531
3.267
49.509
-

143.8
98.6
192.2
$ .614

143.5
101.8
192.8
$ .613

1.1
8.6
2.6
-

-0.2
3.2
0.3
-

-0.1
-2.5
0.2
-

0.1
-2.6
0.2
-

0.1
4.1
0.3
-

-

$ .206

$ .206

-

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city
average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-W

3 months ended-Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

July
1999

All items ...................................

162.7

162.7

162.7

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

162.9
162.5
161.9
184.3
146.6
155.7
199.9

163.4
163.0
162.6
184.8
146.8
155.8
204.9

132.4
152.6
151.4
148.5
168.5
105.2
164.4
104.1
167.4

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..

6 months
ended--

Oct.
1998

Jan.
1999

Apr.
1999

July
1999

Jan.
1999

July
1999

163.3

1.5

2.3

3.5

1.5

1.9

2.5

163.5
163.1
162.8
185.0
147.5
155.7
204.1

163.8
163.3
162.8
185.5
147.2
155.3
204.0

3.0
3.0
3.3
2.2
0.3
19.7
2.0

2.7
2.8
2.5
4.2
-5.1
17.9
7.6

0.0
0.0
-1.2
0.7
4.2
-12.7
-9.6

2.2
2.0
2.2
2.6
1.6
-1.0
8.5

2.9
2.9
2.9
3.2
-2.4
18.8
4.7

1.1
1.0
0.5
1.6
2.9
-7.1
-1.0

132.9
152.6
152.4
147.0
168.5
104.7
164.5
104.2
168.1

133.3
152.6
151.7
147.1
168.8
104.4
164.4
104.5
168.7

133.8
152.8
151.7
147.2
169.0
103.9
164.9
105.3
169.3

-1.5
4.0
2.2
27.2
-0.2
2.0
3.0
5.2
2.0

2.8
0.8
2.1
-14.5
4.4
3.5
3.0
3.1
2.9

0.3
1.1
0.5
-3.4
2.4
3.9
2.2
1.9
1.7

4.3
0.5
0.8
-3.5
1.2
-4.9
1.2
4.7
4.6

0.6
2.4
2.2
4.3
2.1
2.7
3.0
4.2
2.4

2.3
0.8
0.7
-3.4
1.8
-0.6
1.7
3.3
3.1

159.2
180.7
176.0
104.9

159.4
181.2
176.6
104.7

159.6
181.5
176.9
105.0

159.9
181.8
177.3
104.9

2.1
3.9
3.5
12.9

1.8
2.3
3.5
-6.4

2.6
3.2
2.5
12.3

1.8
2.5
3.0
0.0

1.9
3.1
3.5
2.8

2.2
2.8
2.8
6.0

174.9
100.6

175.4
100.9

175.6
102.3

175.9
102.2

3.3
2.4

2.6
0.4

2.6
2.0

2.3
6.5

2.9
1.4

2.4
4.2

Expenditure category

Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

127.3
110.9
87.1
118.7

127.0
110.6
87.8
118.2

127.1
110.7
88.8
118.3

127.8
111.4
90.1
119.0

-4.9
-6.6
-11.8
-6.2

0.0
-0.4
-11.3
0.0

2.6
2.2
8.7
2.0

1.6
1.8
14.5
1.0

-2.5
-3.5
-11.6
-3.1

2.1
2.0
11.6
1.5

103.7
124.9
104.3

103.7
124.5
104.5

103.9
124.6
104.8

103.9
124.7
104.8

2.4
-1.3
2.4

2.8
0.6
3.2

2.7
-1.0
3.5

0.8
-0.6
1.9

2.6
-0.3
2.8

1.8
-0.8
2.7

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

130.7
132.4
121.4
129.3
128.3

130.6
132.1
122.0
128.9
126.7

130.0
132.4
121.4
128.0
125.8

129.1
131.1
118.9
128.4
127.3

3.4
2.5
2.6
29.9
0.3

-6.5
-7.1
-9.3
-0.6
-4.0

2.5
7.6
1.0
-4.5
1.9

-4.8
-3.9
-8.0
-2.8
-3.1

-1.7
-2.4
-3.5
13.6
-1.9

-1.2
1.7
-3.6
-3.6
-0.6

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

143.2
140.4
99.7
143.9
149.6
102.4
102.0
99.8
172.3
196.4

142.6
139.9
99.9
143.7
150.9
99.7
99.1
100.1
172.9
193.9

141.9
139.4
100.2
143.8
152.2
96.9
96.3
99.8
173.3
189.0

143.6
140.8
100.6
143.7
153.7
101.0
100.3
99.5
173.7
195.7

-1.4
-1.4
1.2
-0.6
4.0
-10.4
-9.7
1.2
4.3
-5.0

-2.8
-2.9
-1.2
1.4
-6.1
-14.3
-14.7
-1.6
2.9
1.1

12.0
11.3
-3.5
-2.5
-5.7
96.4
97.9
-2.4
2.6
22.2

1.1
1.1
3.7
-0.6
11.4
-5.4
-6.5
-1.2
3.3
-1.4

-2.1
-2.2
0.0
0.4
-1.2
-12.4
-12.2
-0.2
3.6
-2.0

6.4
6.1
0.0
-1.5
2.5
36.3
36.0
-1.8
2.9
9.8

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

248.1
225.4
253.0
229.2
292.3

248.7
225.3
253.8
229.8
293.6

249.6
226.0
254.7
230.7
294.5

250.3
227.3
255.3
231.2
295.3

3.3
4.8
3.1
3.6
3.1

3.2
2.6
3.3
2.9
4.7

3.6
5.1
3.2
2.7
3.4

3.6
3.4
3.7
3.5
4.2

3.2
3.7
3.2
3.2
3.9

3.6
4.3
3.5
3.1
3.8

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

101.1
100.4

101.3
100.5

101.4
100.4

101.4
100.3

-0.4
1.2

2.4
1.6

-0.4
-4.6

1.2
-0.4

1.0
1.4

0.4
-2.5

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)

101.3
106.7
263.4
299.8
97.0

101.3
107.3
265.1
301.5
96.5

101.4
107.7
266.1
302.8
96.4

101.6
108.2
266.9
304.1
96.3

-0.8
4.3
9.0
3.9
-4.7

1.6
4.7
0.5
5.0
-1.2

0.4
6.2
7.0
5.9
-4.4

1.2
5.7
5.4
5.9
-2.9

0.4
4.5
4.6
4.5
-3.0

0.8
6.0
6.2
5.9
-3.6

96.7
100.0

96.2
99.8

96.0
99.9

96.0
99.7

-4.7
-2.7

-2.0
0.0

-4.4
-3.1

-2.9
-1.2

-3.4
-1.4

-3.6
-2.2

33.0

31.8

30.8

31.1

-25.1

-23.3

-21.0

-21.1

-24.2

-21.0

Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

55.9

55.1

54.0

52.5

-32.2

-32.9

-29.9

-22.2

-32.6

-26.2

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

259.7
350.1
160.4
151.7
170.6
241.0

258.6
344.2
160.8
151.6
171.4
241.8

259.4
345.2
161.3
153.3
171.2
242.4

262.4
357.0
161.3
152.7
171.8
243.2

6.9
15.8
3.4
0.8
3.4
5.2

35.6
141.5
2.0
0.8
3.1
4.5

0.6
-4.1
3.3
2.7
3.6
2.5

4.2
8.1
2.3
2.7
2.8
3.7

20.4
67.2
2.7
0.8
3.3
4.8

2.4
1.8
2.8
2.7
3.2
3.1

144.4
162.9
133.2
138.1
130.7

144.2
163.4
132.6
137.3
130.6

143.9
163.5
132.2
136.5
130.0

144.6
163.8
133.1
138.3
129.1

0.8
3.0
-0.3
0.9
3.4

2.0
2.7
1.5
2.7
-6.5

4.3
0.0
6.9
15.2
2.5

0.6
2.2
-0.3
0.6
-4.8

1.4
2.9
0.6
1.8
-1.7

2.4
1.1
3.2
7.6
-1.2

147.0
125.4
184.5
174.1
100.6
118.7

145.3
125.5
184.8
174.4
100.9
118.2

144.8
125.6
185.0
174.7
102.3
118.3

147.3
125.8
185.6
174.9
102.2
119.0

0.3
-0.9
2.0
4.1
2.4
-6.2

8.4
-1.6
2.2
2.3
0.4
0.0

22.2
-4.0
3.1
3.0
2.0
2.0

0.8
1.3
2.4
1.9
6.5
1.0

4.3
-1.3
2.1
3.2
1.4
-3.1

11.0
-1.4
2.7
2.4
4.2
1.5

103.7
104.3
187.9
253.0
218.5

103.7
104.5
187.5
253.8
219.1

103.9
104.8
187.1
254.7
219.6

103.9
104.8
188.5
255.3
220.1

2.4
2.4
-0.4
3.1
2.1

2.8
3.2
0.9
3.3
3.4

2.7
3.5
4.4
3.2
2.0

0.8
1.9
1.3
3.7
3.0

2.6
2.8
0.2
3.2
2.7

1.8
2.7
2.8
3.5
2.5

162.4
157.6
158.6
134.8
140.0
148.0
150.8
173.0
178.6
106.1
170.6
172.8

162.3
157.5
158.6
134.2
139.2
146.7
150.5
173.3
179.0
104.6
170.8
172.9

162.3
157.4
158.6
133.9
138.5
146.3
150.5
173.6
179.2
103.3
171.0
173.1

163.0
158.1
159.2
134.7
140.1
148.6
151.4
174.2
179.7
105.7
171.3
173.5

1.3
0.8
1.5
-0.3
0.9
0.6
1.4
0.7
2.1
-8.4
2.4
2.1

2.0
2.1
2.1
1.5
2.7
7.4
2.5
1.9
2.3
-7.0
2.9
2.8

4.3
3.6
3.3
6.8
14.6
20.4
7.5
2.1
2.5
38.0
1.2
1.6

1.5
1.3
1.5
-0.3
0.3
1.6
1.6
2.8
2.5
-1.5
1.7
1.6

1.6
1.4
1.8
0.6
1.8
3.9
1.9
1.3
2.2
-7.7
2.6
2.5

2.9
2.4
2.4
3.2
7.2
10.6
4.5
2.5
2.5
16.6
1.4
1.6

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............

Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

144.1
101.5
192.1

144.0
99.0
192.4

144.1
96.4
192.7

144.3
100.4
193.2

1.1
-10.4
2.8

3.7
-13.9
2.3

-1.4
89.6
3.2

0.6
-4.3
2.3

2.4
-12.2
2.6

-0.4
34.7
2.7

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-W

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes

Percent change to
July1999 from--

Apr.
1999

May
1999

June
1999

July
1999

M

162.7

162.8

162.8

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

169.5
169.3
103.5

169.7
169.4
103.5

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

158.2
158.8
103.5

M

154.4

U.S. city average ...........................

Percent change to
June1999 from--

July
1998

May
1999

June
1999

June
1998

Apr.
1999

May
1999

163.3

2.2

0.3

0.3

1.9

0.1

0.0

170.0
169.9
103.4

170.2
170.3
103.4

2.2
2.3
1.9

0.3
0.5
-0.1

0.1
0.2
0.0

2.1
2.2
1.9

0.3
0.4
-0.1

0.2
0.3
-0.1

158.3
158.9
103.4

158.5
159.3
103.4

159.1
159.9
103.8

2.1
2.2
1.9

0.5
0.6
0.4

0.4
0.4
0.4

1.8
2.0
1.5

0.2
0.3
-0.1

0.1
0.3
0.0

154.4

154.9

155.4

2.4

0.6

0.3

2.4

0.3

0.3

Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

159.4
157.9
103.5

159.7
158.1
103.7

159.7
158.4
103.6

160.1
158.9
103.9

1.8
1.8
2.0

0.3
0.5
0.2

0.3
0.3
0.3

1.7
1.6
1.8

0.2
0.3
0.1

0.0
0.2
-0.1

M

162.7

162.6

162.3

163.0

1.6

0.2

0.4

1.2

-0.2

-0.2

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

164.9
164.2
105.0

164.7
164.0
104.7

164.2
163.5
104.3

164.7
164.0
104.7

2.7
3.0
2.5

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.3
0.3
0.4

2.4
2.6
2.2

-0.4
-0.4
-0.7

-0.3
-0.3
-0.4

M
M
M

148.9
103.7
160.9

149.0
103.8
160.8

149.2
103.6
160.9

149.6
103.9
161.3

2.3
2.0
1.9

0.4
0.1
0.3

0.3
0.3
0.2

2.2
1.8
1.8

0.2
-0.1
0.0

0.1
-0.2
0.1

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

161.7
160.1

162.3
159.7

163.0
158.9

163.4
159.2

1.7
2.1

0.7
-0.3

0.2
0.2

1.7
1.8

0.8
-0.7

0.4
-0.5

M

171.3

171.5

172.1

172.5

2.0

0.6

0.2

2.0

0.5

0.3

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

-

172.6
153.7
157.0
103.4

-

173.3
154.9
158.0
104.3

2.7
1.8
2.6
1.8

0.4
0.8
0.6
0.9

-

-

-

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

160.9
158.7
146.6
159.1

-

161.9
158.3
147.1
158.9

-

-

-

-

1.6
2.8
1.4
0.8

0.6
-0.3
0.3
-0.1

-

2
2
2

170.6
168.8
167.8

-

171.9
168.3
168.0

-

-

-

-

2.7
4.1
3.2

0.8
-0.3
0.1

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,

OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.