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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
USDL-97-283
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
Thursday, August 14, 1997
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

JULY 1997

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose
0.1 percent before seasonal adjustment in July to a level of 160.5 (198284=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today. For the 12-month period ended in July, the CPI-U
increased 2.2 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) also rose 0.1 percent in July, prior to seasonal adjustment. The
July 1997 CPI-W level of 157.5 was 2.1 percent higher than the index in
July 1996.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent in July,
following increases of 0.1 percent in each of the preceding four months.
The food index increased 0.3 percent in July. Grocery store food prices,
which increased 0.2 percent in June, advanced 0.3 percent in July,
reflecting larger increases in the indexes for meats, poultry, fish, and
eggs and for fruits and vegetables. The energy index continued to exert a
moderating effect on the CPI-U, declining 0.1 percent in July. The index
for petroleum-based energy fell 0.4 percent, while the index for energy
services rose 0.2 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.2
percent, following an increase of 0.1 percent in June. The larger advance
in July reflects upturns in the indexes for transportation (other than for
motor fuel) and for apparel and upkeep.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1997
3-mos. ended ended

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July
All Items
.1
.3
.1
.1
.1
.1
.2
Food and beverages -.2
.3
.0 -.2
.4
.2
.3
Housing
.3
.3
.0
.2
.1
.3
.2
Apparel and upkeep .4
.2 -.3
.9
.1 -.2
.2
Transportation
-.2
-.1
.1 -.4 -.8 -.3
.1
Medical care
.2
.2
.4
.3
.3
.2
.0
Entertainment
.0
.2
.2
.1
.2
.5
.1
Other goods
and services
.4
.5
.5
.8
.2
.2
.3
Special Indexes:
Energy
.8
.3 -1.7 -1.5 -2.4
.0 -.1
Food
-.3
.3
.0 -.2
.4
.2
.3
All items less
food and energy
.1
.2
.2
.3
.2
.1
.2

July `97
1.5
3.6
2.3
.3
-4.1
2.1
3.0

July `97
2.2
2.5
2.5
1.5
.1
2.7
2.3

2.7

4.1

-9.7
3.6

-1.0
2.5

1.9

2.4

See page 4 for a note on the future use of a hedonic model to adjust
personal computer prices in the CPI for changes in quality.
For the first seven months of 1997, the CPI-U advanced at a
1.5 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an
increase of 3.3 percent in all of 1996. The energy and food components
have been largely responsible for the moderation thus far in 1997. After
advancing substantially in 1996, the energy index has declined at a 7.9
percent SAAR, while food prices have risen at a 1.3 percent annual rate.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U has risen at a 2.4 percent SAAR in
the first seven months of 1997, following a 2.6 percent increase in all of
1996.
The food and beverage index rose 0.3 percent in July. The index for
grocery store food prices, which rose 0.2 percent in June, advanced 0.3
percent in July, reflecting larger increases in the indexes for meats,
poultry, fish, and eggs and for fruits and vegetables. The index for
meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.5 percent in July after increasing
0.1 percent in June, as a result of an upturn in egg prices and a larger
increase in beef prices.
Egg prices advanced 2.9 percent in July,
following a 3.3 percent decline in June. The index for beef, which rose
0.2 percent in June, increased 0.7 percent in July. The index for fruits
and vegetables rose 0.5 percent in July as an increase in the index for
fresh vegetables more than offset declines in the indexes for fresh fruits
and for processed fruits and vegetables. The index for dairy products
decreased 0.6 percent in July, the ninth consecutive month that this
component failed to increase. During this period, dairy product prices

have fallen 4.0 percent after registering increases totaling 8.5 percent
in the preceding five-month period. The indexes for cereal and bakery
products and for other food at home rose 0.1 and 0.6 percent,
respectively. In the latter group, coffee prices continued to surge
upwards--up 3.1 percent in July and 23.5 percent in the last five months.
The other two components of the food and beverage index--restaurant meals
and alcoholic beverages-each increased 0.3 percent.
The housing component rose 0.2 percent in July after increasing 0.3
percent in June. Shelter costs increased 0.2 percent. Within shelter,
renters' costs declined 0.1 percent, while homeowners' costs and
maintenance and repair costs increased 0.4 and 1.5 percent, respectively.
The decline in renters' costs reflects a 0.7 percent decrease in the index
for lodging while out of town; residential rents rose 0.2 percent. (Prior
to seasonal adjustment, the index for lodging while out of town rose 2.8
percent.) The index for fuel and other utilities, which advanced 0.6
percent in June, rose 0.2 percent in July. The index for household fuels
was unchanged, following a 0.8 percent increase in June. A 1.1 percent
increase in the index for natural gas was largely offset by declines in
the indexes for electricity and for fuel oil--down 0.2 and 2.9 percent,
respectively. The index for other utilities and public services rose 0.5
percent in July, reflecting increases of 1.1 percent in the index for
cable television and 0.9 percent in the index for water and sewerage
treatment. The index for household furnishings and operation, which was
unchanged in June, declined 0.2 percent in July.
The transportation component rose 0.1 percent in July, following
declines in each of the three preceding months. The index for gasoline
declined for the fifth consecutive month, down 0.4 percent in July.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 1.8 percent.)
New
vehicle purchase costs advanced somewhat more in July than in recent
months; the index for new vehicle prices rose 0.1 percent, and automobile
finance charges increased 1.6 percent.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment,
new vehicle prices declined 0.3 percent.)
The index for used cars
declined 1.1 percent. Public transportation costs turned up in July. The
index for airline fares, which had declined 1.3 and 1.2 percent,
respectively, in the two preceding months, rose 2.3 percent in July.
The index for apparel and upkeep increased 0.2 percent in July.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel commodity prices fell 1.9 percent,
reflecting seasonal price declines for spring and summer wear.)
Medical care costs were virtually unchanged in July, and the July
1997 index was 2.7 percent above its level a year ago. The index for
medical care commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and

medical supplies--decreased 0.1 percent. Charges for medical care
services rose 0.1 percent. The indexes for professional services and for
hospital and related services increased 0.1 percent and were virtually
unchanged, respectively.
Entertainment costs, which increased 0.5 percent in June, rose 0.1
percent in July. A substantially smaller increase in the index for
admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting events--up 0.2
percent in July, following a 1.9 percent rise in June--and a decline in
the index for reading materials were responsible for the moderation.
The index for other goods and services rose 0.3 percent in July.
index for tobacco and smoking products rose 0.4 percent, following
declines of 0.5 and 0.9 percent, respectively, in the two preceding
months..

The

CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.2 percent in July.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
Changes from preceding month
1997

Expenditure
Category

All Items
Food and
beverages
Housing
Apparel
upkeep
Transportation
Medical care
Entertainment
Other goods

3-mos.
Jan.

Feb.

Compound
annual
rate

ended
Mar.

Unadjusted
12-

Apr.

May

June July

ended
mos.
July `97 July`97

.1

.2

.1

.0

.0

.1

.2

1.3

2.1

-.2
.3

.2
.2

.1
.1

-.2
.1

.4
.1

.2
.3

.3
.2

3.6
2.4

2.5
2.5

.4
.0
.2
.0

.4
.0
.2
.1

-.3
-.1
.3
.1

1.0
.2
-.6 -1.0
.3
.3
.1
.1

-.3
-.4
.2
.5

.2
.1
.1
.1

.3
-4.9
2.3
2.5

1.5
-.3
2.6
2.2

and services
Special Indexes:
Energy
Food
All items less
food and energy

.6
.9
-.3
.2

.4

.5

.1

.0

.3

1.5

4.1

.3 -1.8 -1.9 -2.4
.3
.1 -.2
.3

.0
.3

-.2
.3

-10.1
3.6

-1.2
2.5

.2

.1

.2

1.7

2.3

.2

1.0

.3

.2

After seasonal adjustment, the level of the CPI-U for All Items was
160.6 in July; the seasonally adjusted CPI-W for All Items was 157.5.
Beginning with January 1997 data, BLS is reporting the level of the
seasonally adjusted U.S. City Average All Items CPI-U and CPI-W in this
monthly news release. Effective with the release of January 1998 data in
February 1998, the seasonally adjusted All Items indexes will be fully
integrated into the releases, appearing in tables 2 and 5 and in the text
where relevant.
Like other seasonally adjusted CPI data, the All Items index levels
are subject to revision for up to five years after their original release.
For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in escalation
agreements.
Consumer Price Index data for August are scheduled for release on
Tuesday, September 16, 1997, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Using a hedonic model to adjust prices of personal computers in the
Consumer Price Index for changes in quality
Effective with the release of data for January 1998, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics (BLS) will introduce an improved quality adjustment
technique in the new stratum of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) called
Personal Computers and Peripheral Equipment.
Currently, personal computers are part of the Information
Processing Equipment stratum. As previously announced, beginning with
the CPI for January 1998, Information Processing Equipment
will become an expenditure class entitled Information and Information
Processing Other Than Telephone Services. Personal Computers and
Peripheral Equipment will be one of four strata in that expenditure
class.

Analysts in the Producer Price Index (PPI) program have developed
and implemented a regression procedure, called a hedonic model, that
decomposes the price of personal computers into implicit prices for
each important feature and component of the computer. This model,
which has been used in the PPI since 1991, provides a way to estimate
the value of changes or improvements. The CPI has used similar hedonic
methods to adjust apparel prices for many years.
Starting with the CPI for January 1998, when a personal computer or
selected item of peripheral equipment, such as a modem, in the CPI
sample improves in some way, a regression-based quality adjustment will
be made. The value of the improvement, as derived from the PPI
regression estimates, will be deducted from the observed price change
for the product. (Conversely, if a model deteriorates, the value of
the difference will be added to the price.)
Additional information on these changes will be published in the
June 1997 CPI Detailed Report and is available on the Internet (at
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm). This information can also be
obtained by writing to Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer
Prices and Price Indexes,
Room 3260, 2 Massachusetts Ave. NE, Washington, DC 20212 or by
telephoning Joseph Chelena
at (202) 606-6982 ext. 255.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
June
July
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
July 1997 fromJuly 1996 June 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromApr. to
May to
June to
May
June
July

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

160.3
480.2

160.5
480.7

2.2
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........

17.484
15.913
10.040
1.479

157.1
156.6
157.3
178.2

157.5
157.0
157.7
178.3

2.5
2.5
2.3
2.0

.3
.3
.3
.1

.4
.4
.6
.3

.2
.2
.2
.4

.3
.3
.3
.1

+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products 1/ ..................
_
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........
_
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................
Housing 2/ ...............................
_
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................
_ _
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs 4/ ............
_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............
_ _
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
_ _
Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
_ _
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
_ _
Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
_
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................
_

3.002
1.245

147.9
144.1

148.2
143.3

3.0
.9

.2
-.6

.5
-.2

.1
-.9

.5
-.6

1.974

183.7

184.6

.3

.5

1.8

.3

.5

2.340
.331
.246
.724
1.039
5.873
1.571

147.8
148.1
141.6
134.8
161.2
156.6
162.7

148.6
149.2
141.4
136.3
161.3
157.1
162.9

4.0
3.2
.6
6.9
2.9
2.8
2.8

.5
.7
-.1
1.1
.1
.3
.1

.1
-.1
-.1
1.4
-.4
.1
.3

.7
.5
-.3
1.2
.6
.2
.1

.6
.5
-.3
1.6
.1
.3
.3

41.203

156.9

157.5

2.5

.4

.1

.3

.2

28.194
7.994

176.0
186.6

177.0
188.4

3.0
3.0

.6
1.0

.3
.2

.2
.3

.2
-.1

5.731
2.263

166.4
226.7

166.8
232.6

2.8
3.2

.2
2.6

.4
-.3

.2
.5

.2
-.7

20.000

181.1

181.7

2.9

.3

.3

.2

.4

19.616

181.4

182.1

2.9

.4

.3

.2

.4

.383

165.3

165.7

2.3

.2

.5

.1

.0

.200

143.3

145.4

4.3

1.5

.5

.1

1.5

.123

150.0

153.8

5.1

2.5

.7

.1

2.5

.077

134.1

133.7

2.8

-.3

.4

.0

-.3

7.102

131.9

132.1

2.4

.2

-.6

.6

.2

3.878

119.8

119.6

1.9

-.2

-1.1

.8

.0

.424

98.0

94.7

2.6

-3.4

-.4

-.7

-1.9

3.453

127.5

127.8

1.8

.2

-1.3

1.0

.2

3.224

161.7

162.4

3.1

.4

.1

.4

.5

+
+
+

+

+
+
+

+
+
+

Household furnishings and operation 2/ .
_
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................
_
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services 4/ .............
_

5.908

125.7

125.6

.7

-.1

.4

.0

-.2

3.332

111.2

110.7

-.4

-.4

.7

-.2

-.6

1.093
1.482

142.9
151.8

144.0
152.1

2.1
2.4

.8
.2

-.1
.1

.1
.3

.7
.2

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities 4/ .................
_
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....
_
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities 4/..........
_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................
_ _

5.330
4.786

132.4
128.6

130.2
126.2

1.5
1.4

-1.7
-1.9

.1
.2

-.2
-.3

.2
.1

1.280
2.102
.186

129.0
125.6
132.9

128.0
121.1
131.3

2.3
2.2
4.5

-.8
-3.6
-1.2

.2
.6
.1

-.6
-.1
-.7

.5
-.5
-1.2

.718
.500

126.3
146.4

125.9
146.9

.2
-3.0

-.3
.3

-.3
-.6

-1.0
.5

1.0
.4

.545

163.2

163.5

2.3

.2

.2

.2

.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation 4/.......
_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................
_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................
_
Public transportation ..................

17.140
15.499
4.955
3.952
1.278
3.171
1.533
4.562

144.0
140.7
144.2
141.7
151.8
105.9
105.4
162.6
176.7

143.7
140.1
143.7
141.1
149.9
103.9
103.5
162.9
177.5

.1
-.3
.3
.1
-4.5
-4.6
-4.9
3.0
2.3

-.2
-.4
-.3
-.4
-1.3
-1.9
-1.8
.2
.5

-.8
-.9
-.2
-.1
-.9
-4.0
-4.1
.2
.0

-.3
-.3
.0
-.1
-1.8
-1.1
-.9
.4
.1

.1
.1
.1
.1
-1.1
-.2
-.4
.2
.5

.589

104.7

105.3

.6

.6

.1

.1

.7

3.973

193.8

194.5

2.5

.4

.1

.1

.5

1.642

186.6

189.4

3.7

1.5

.2

-.6

.5

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.346
1.273
6.073
3.472

234.4
216.0
238.7
215.5

234.8
216.0
239.2
215.9

2.7
2.4
2.7
3.4

.2
.0
.2
.2

.3
.4
.3
.3

.2
.1
.2
.2

.0
-.1
.1
.1

Entertainment 4/ .........................

4.352

162.7

162.6

2.3

-.1

.2

.5

.1

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

_
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........
_
Entertainment services 4/ ..............
_
Other goods and services 2/ ..............
_
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 1/ .......................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................
_
Personal care services 1/ ............
_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...
_
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services 4/ .
_

1.957

143.9

143.8

.6

-.1

-.1

.2

-.1

2.395

184.5

184.5

3.7

.0

.3

.8

.2

7.145

223.1

223.5

4.1

.2

.2

.2

.3

1.601
1.145

241.3
152.8

242.0
152.6

3.7
1.7

.3
-.1

-.5
-.1

-.9
.1

.4
-.1

.588

144.2

143.7

-.5

-.3

-.3

.1

-.3

.557

162.6

162.5

4.0

-.1

.2

.2

-.1

4.398

257.3

258.0

5.0

.3

.5

.6

.3

.264
4.134

237.2
259.1

237.7
259.8

5.8
4.9

.2
.3

.6
.5

.9
.6

.4
.4

100.000
42.873
17.484
25.389
15.147
4.786

160.3
141.5
157.1
132.0
134.2
128.6

160.5
141.0
157.5
131.0
132.9
126.2

2.2
1.1
2.5
.1
.5
1.4

.1
-.4
.3
-.8
-1.0
-1.9

.1
-.1
.4
-.5
-.7
.2

.1
-.1
.2
-.3
-.3
-.3

.2
.1
.3
-.2
.0
.1

10.362
10.242
57.127
27.577

140.1
129.0
179.3
183.1

139.3
128.3
180.1
184.1

.0
-.6
3.0
2.9

-.6
-.5
.4
.5

-1.1
.0
.2
.3

-.6
-.2
.3
.3

-.1
-.3
.3
.2

8.698

147.0

147.5

2.5

.3

-.3

.6

.3

7.148
6.073
7.631

184.5
238.7
208.8

185.6
239.2
209.1

2.9
2.7
4.2

.6
.2
.1

.1
.3
.4

.0
.2
.6

.4
.1
.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities 4/ .............
+
_
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .....................
+
_
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................
+
_ _
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes

All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......
+
_ _
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........
+
_ _
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
+
_
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................
+
_

84.087
71.806
80.000

161.0
155.7
161.2

161.1
155.6
161.3

2.2
1.8
2.0

.1
-.1
.1

-.1
.0
-.1

.1
.1
.1

.2
.1
.1

92.654
26.960
16.718
11.932
32.631
29.550

156.1
133.3
135.9
141.4
145.8
188.1

156.3
132.3
134.7
140.8
145.4
188.8

2.2
.2
.7
.4
1.6
3.1

.1
-.8
-.9
-.4
-.3
.4

.0
-.4
-.4
-1.0
-.2
.1

.1
-.3
-.4
-.3
.1
.4

.2
-.1
.0
.1
.2
.3

51.054
7.049
92.951
77.038

173.8
112.3
166.7
169.2

174.6
111.4
167.0
169.5

3.1
-1.0
2.4
2.4

.5
-.8
.2
.2

.1
-2.4
.2
.2

.3
.0
.1
.1

.3
-.1
.2
.2

23.364
3.596
53.674

142.2
105.2
184.6

141.5
103.1
185.4

.9
-3.8
3.1

-.5
-2.0
.4

.1
-3.6
.3

-.2
-1.1
.3

-.1
-.4
.3

-

$.624

$.623

-2.2

-.2

.2

-.2

-.2

-

.208

.208

-

-

-

-

-

+
+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
3/
_
4/
_
NOTE:

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+

Seasonally adjusted indexes
Apr.
1997

May
1997

June
1997

July
1997

Oct.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedJan.
Apr.
July
Jan.
July
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products 1/ ....................
_
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............
_
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................
Housing 2/ .................................
_
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................
_ _
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs 4/ ..............
_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................
_ _
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
_ _

-

-

-

-

3.1

2.8

1.5

1.5

2.9

1.5

156.5
156.2
156.5
176.3
147.7
145.7

157.1
156.8
157.4
176.9
148.5
145.4

157.4
157.1
157.7
177.6
148.6
144.1

157.9
157.6
158.2
177.7
149.3
143.3

5.3
5.3
6.6
2.8
8.2
22.2

.8
.5
-1.3
2.1
2.5
-4.0

.5
.5
-.5
.0
-2.7
-5.6

3.6
3.6
4.4
3.2
4.4
-6.4

3.0
2.9
2.6
2.4
5.3
8.3

2.1
2.1
1.9
1.6
.8
-6.0

181.5

184.7

185.3

186.2

4.4

-11.0

-1.5

10.8

-3.6

4.4

146.5
147.6
142.0
131.5
160.8
156.2
161.8

146.7
147.4
141.8
133.3
160.1
156.3
162.3

147.7
148.1
141.4
134.9
161.0
156.6
162.4

148.6
148.8
141.0
137.1
161.2
157.1
162.9

2.5
3.4
4.7
-2.2
4.7
3.4
4.4

2.0
4.2
.9
.9
2.5
3.2
3.0

5.7
1.9
.3
11.7
3.6
2.3
1.0

5.9
3.3
-2.8
18.2
1.0
2.3
2.7

2.3
3.8
2.7
-.6
3.6
3.3
3.7

5.8
2.6
-1.3
14.9
2.3
2.3
1.9

155.9

156.1

156.5

156.8

2.6

3.4

1.8

2.3

3.0

2.1

174.9
184.5

175.4
184.8

175.8
185.4

176.2
185.3

2.4
2.5

2.8
3.8

3.5
3.8

3.0
1.7

2.6
3.1

3.3
2.8

165.5
224.6

166.1
224.0

166.5
225.2

166.8
223.7

2.5
2.2

3.0
6.0

2.7
6.5

3.2
-1.6

2.7
4.1

2.9
2.4

180.4

180.9

181.2

181.9

2.3

2.7

3.2

3.4

2.5

3.3

180.7

181.3

181.6

182.3

2.3

2.7

3.2

3.6

2.5

3.4

164.2

165.0

165.1

165.1

5.1

-1.0

3.2

2.2

2.0

2.7

142.5

143.2

143.3

145.4

2.3

3.8

2.9

8.4

3.0

5.6

+
+
+

+
+
+
+

Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
_ _
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
_ _
Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
_
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 4/ .
_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...
_
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................
_
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services 4/ ...............
_

+

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities 4/ ...................
_
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......
_
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities 4/............
_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................
_ _

+

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation 4/.........
_

+

+
+

148.9

149.9

150.0

153.8

2.8

2.5

1.9

13.8

2.6

7.7

133.6

134.1

134.1

133.7

1.2

6.3

3.4

.3

3.7

1.8

130.2

129.4

130.2

130.5

5.1

7.0

-3.0

.9

6.1

-1.1

116.7

115.4

116.3

116.3

6.1

10.4

-6.9

-1.4

8.2

-4.2

100.4

100.0

99.3

97.4

45.9

15.8

-25.9

-11.4

30.0

-19.0

123.9
160.6

122.3
160.8

123.5
161.5

123.8
162.3

2.3
3.6

10.2
3.1

-4.4
1.5

-.3
4.3

6.2
3.3

-2.4
2.9

125.2

125.7

125.7

125.5

1.0

.0

1.0

1.0

.5

1.0

110.7

111.5

111.3

110.6

.0

-.4

-1.1

-.4

-.2

-.7

143.0
151.1

142.9
151.3

143.0
151.8

144.0
152.1

1.1
3.5

2.3
-.8

2.0
4.1

2.8
2.7

1.7
1.4

2.4
3.4

133.4
129.7

133.6
129.9

133.3
129.5

133.5
129.6

-.6
-.6

3.1
3.2

3.4
3.5

.3
-.3

1.2
1.3

1.8
1.6

130.3
126.8
133.7

130.5
127.5
133.8

129.7
127.4
132.9

130.4
126.8
131.3

-.3
-1.3
9.2

6.8
6.6
-1.9

2.5
3.5
19.4

.3
.0
-7.0

3.2
2.6
3.5

1.4
1.8
5.4

127.7
146.5

127.3
145.6

126.0
146.3

127.3
146.9

-.6
-2.6

-1.3
-9.5

4.2
-.8

-1.2
1.1

-.9
-6.1

1.4
.1

162.6

162.9

163.2

163.5

1.8

2.8

2.2

2.2

2.3

2.2

144.8
141.6
144.6
142.0
155.1
106.8
106.2
161.9
177.0

143.6
140.3
144.3
141.8
153.7
102.5
101.8
162.2
177.0

143.2
139.9
144.3
141.7
150.9
101.4
100.9
162.8
177.2

143.3
140.0
144.4
141.8
149.2
101.2
100.5
163.2
178.1

3.4
2.3
2.0
2.0
-.3
2.3
1.1
4.9
2.3

3.1
4.0
-.6
-1.4
-2.5
21.0
21.6
2.8
.2

-1.6
-2.2
.6
.3
.0
-16.7
-17.1
1.5
4.2

-4.1
-4.4
-.6
-.6
-14.4
-19.4
-19.8
3.3
2.5

3.2
3.2
.7
.3
-1.4
11.2
10.9
3.8
1.3

-2.9
-3.3
.0
-.1
-7.5
-18.1
-18.5
2.4
3.3

+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................
_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................
_
Public transportation ....................

104.7

104.8

104.9

105.6

.8

-1.5

-.4

3.5

-.4

1.5

194.3

194.4

194.5

195.5

2.5

.4

4.9

2.5

1.5

3.7

188.1

188.4

187.2

188.1

15.4

-5.0

5.5

.0

4.7

2.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........
Entertainment 4/ ...........................
_
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............
_
Entertainment services 4/ ................
_

233.8
215.0
237.9
214.4
161.8

234.5
215.8
238.5
215.0
162.1

234.9
216.0
239.0
215.5
162.9

235.0
215.8
239.2
215.7
163.0

2.6
3.1
2.6
3.9
2.5

2.6
.8
2.9
3.7
2.0

3.3
4.2
3.3
3.8
1.7

2.1
1.5
2.2
2.4
3.0

2.6
1.9
2.8
3.8
2.3

2.7
2.8
2.7
3.1
2.4

143.9

143.8

144.1

143.9

2.3

.6

-.3

.0

1.4

-.1

182.7

183.3

184.7

185.0

2.7

3.2

3.6

5.1

2.9

4.4

Other goods and services 2/.................
_
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 1/ .........................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................
_
Personal care services 1/ ..............
_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....
_
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services 4/ ...
_

224.1

224.5

224.9

225.6

3.4

3.5

7.1

2.7

3.4

4.9

244.2
152.7

242.9
152.6

240.6
152.8

241.5
152.6

4.4
2.4

1.4
1.9

14.3
2.9

-4.3
-.3

2.9
2.1

4.5
1.3

144.5

144.1

144.2

143.7

.6

-2.7

2.5

-2.2

-1.1

.1

162.0

162.3

162.6

162.5

4.2

7.3

3.3

1.2

5.7

2.3

257.0

258.4

260.0

260.9

3.3

4.7

5.6

6.2

4.0

5.9

235.1
258.5

236.6
259.9

238.7
261.4

239.6
262.4

7.4
3.1

2.8
4.8

5.1
5.6

7.9
6.2

5.1
4.0

6.5
5.9

141.7
156.5
132.7
134.8
129.7

141.5
157.1
132.0
133.9
129.9

141.3
157.4
131.6
133.5
129.5

141.4
157.9
131.4
133.5
129.6

3.1
3.2
5.3
1.8
1.8
-.6

2.8
2.3
.8
3.4
5.5
3.2

1.5
-.3
.5
-.9
-1.5
3.5

1.5
-.8
3.6
-3.9
-3.8
-.3

2.9
2.7
3.0
2.6
3.6
1.3

1.5
-.6
2.1
-2.4
-2.6
1.6

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities 4/ ...............
+
_
Nondurables less food, beverages,

+
+

and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .......................
_
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................
_ _
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

140.8
129.3
178.5
182.3

139.3
129.3
178.8
182.8

138.4
129.0
179.3
183.3

138.2
128.6
179.8
183.6

2.9
.9
3.0
2.5

8.9
-.3
3.2
3.2

-3.9
-.6
3.0
3.4

-7.2
-2.1
2.9
2.9

5.9
.3
3.1
2.8

-5.5
-1.4
3.0
3.1

145.0

144.6

145.5

145.9

3.1

4.8

-.3

2.5

4.0

1.1

184.9
237.9
208.4

185.0
238.5
209.3

185.0
239.0
210.5

185.8
239.2
211.1

5.9
2.6
3.0

-.4
2.9
4.4

4.4
3.3
4.5

2.0
2.2
5.3

2.7
2.8
3.7

3.2
2.7
4.9

160.6
155.5
161.0

160.5
155.5
160.9

160.7
155.6
161.1

161.0
155.8
161.3

2.8
3.4
3.3

3.1
2.6
2.8

1.8
.8
1.3

1.0
.8
.7

2.9
3.0
3.1

1.4
.8
1.0

155.7
134.0
136.3
141.5
145.7
187.2

155.7
133.4
135.7
140.1
145.4
187.3

155.9
133.0
135.2
139.7
145.5
188.0

156.2
132.9
135.2
139.8
145.8
188.6

3.2
2.1
1.8
4.4
3.4
3.5

2.6
3.0
5.4
6.1
3.6
3.1

1.6
-.6
-1.5
-3.9
-1.1
2.8

1.3
-3.2
-3.2
-4.7
.3
3.0

2.9
2.6
3.6
5.2
3.5
3.3

1.4
-1.9
-2.3
-4.3
-.4
2.9

172.9
111.2
166.6
169.2

173.1
108.5
167.0
169.5

173.6
108.5
167.2
169.7

174.2
108.4
167.5
170.0

3.1
4.5
3.0
2.4

3.3
14.9
1.7
2.2

2.8
-11.3
2.7
3.1

3.0
-9.7
2.2
1.9

3.2
9.5
2.3
2.3

2.9
-10.5
2.4
2.5

142.7
106.2
184.0

142.8
102.4
184.5

142.5
101.3
185.0

142.4
100.9
185.5

1.4
6.2
2.9

.8
20.1
2.7

2.0
-17.7
3.6

-.8
-18.5
3.3

1.1
13.0
2.8

.6
-18.1
3.4

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........
+
_ _
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............
+
_
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
+
+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
3/
_
4/
_

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.

NOTE:

Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Indexes

Percent change to
July 1997 fromJuly
May
June
1996
1997
1997

Percent change to
June 1997 fromJune
Apr.
May
1996
1997
1997

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/
_

U.S. city average ......................

M

160.2

160.1

160.3

160.5

2.2

0.2

0.1

2.3

0.1

0.1

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 3/........
+
_

M
M
M

167.1
167.7
165.4

166.8
167.5
164.7

167.0
167.7
165.2

167.6
168.2
165.9

2.6
2.5
2.5

.5
.4
.7

.4
.3
.4

2.4
2.4
2.7

-.1
.0
-.1

.1
.1
.3

M

165.6

165.2

165.6

166.4

3.0

.7

.5

2.9

.0

.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 3/........
+
_
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M

156.1
156.9
154.8

156.3
157.0
155.4

156.7
157.3
155.7

156.6
157.3
155.8

2.2
2.3
2.2

.2
.2
.3

-.1
.0
.1

2.5
2.5
2.4

.4
.3
.6

.3
.2
.2

M

158.2

158.3

158.7

158.5

2.5

.1

-.1

3.0

.3

.3

M

152.1

152.2

152.6

152.6

1.5

.3

.0

1.9

.3

.3

M
M
M

156.7
155.7
159.8

156.6
155.5
159.7

157.0
155.8
160.4

157.0
155.8
160.5

1.9
1.7
2.4

.3
.2
.5

.0
.0
.1

1.9
1.7
2.6

.2
.1
.4

.3
.2
.4

M

156.0

156.1

156.4

156.0

1.5

-.1

-.3

1.7

.3

.2

+

+

Apr.
1997

May
1997

June
1997

July
1997

Region and area size 2/
_

South urban ............................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 450,000 3/........
+
_
Size D - Nonmetropolitan

(less than 50,000) .........

M

156.1

156.0

156.3

156.4

2.6

.3

.1

2.2

.1

.2

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 3/........
+
_

M
M
M

161.1
161.2
166.5

161.1
161.1
166.5

161.0
161.1
166.0

161.1
161.3
166.1

2.0
2.1
2.3

.0
.1
-.2

.1
.1
.1

2.2
2.4
2.2

-.1
-.1
-.3

-.1
.0
-.3

M

144.5

144.5

144.6

144.8

2.2

.2

.1

2.3

.1

.1

M

160.4

160.4

160.7

160.9

2.2

.3

.1

2.4

.2

.2

M

160.0

160.0

160.2

160.1

2.1

.1

-.1

2.4

.1

.1

M

156.5

156.4

156.6

156.7

2.0

.2

.1

1.9

.1

.1

M
M
M

160.9
159.9
170.2

161.1
159.5
169.9

161.7
159.4
170.3

161.7
159.5
170.8

2.5
1.2
2.5

.4
.0
.5

.0
.1
.3

2.6
1.7
2.3

.5
-.3
.1

.4
-.1
.2

M

166.0

166.0

166.1

166.4

2.2

.2

.2

2.3

.1

.1

M

159.6

159.8

160.0

160.6

3.0

.5

.4

3.1

.3

.1

Size classes
A 4/ .................................
+
_
B 3/ .................................
+
_
C 3/ .................................
+
_
D ....................................
Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
+
_
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..
+
_
Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
_
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....
+
_
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................
+
_

1

-

155.5

-

156.9

.8

.9

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

166.7
155.6
157.9
152.1

-

167.1
156.3
157.9
153.3

3.1
2.8
3.6
2.3

.2
.4
.0
.8

-

-

-

-

1

-

162.1

-

162.9

1.7

.5

-

-

-

-

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........
+
_

2
2
2
2

+

+

150.6
156.0
145.2
156.6

-

151.4
155.0
144.8
157.4

-

-

-

-

1.3
2.0
1.4
2.7

.5
-.6
-.3
.5

-

+

+
+

1/
_

2/
_
3/
_

+

4/
_
5/
_

+

6/
_

+

7/
_

+

NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current
Size Class B and Size Class C cities.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.

There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.

Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly
basis starting in January, 1998. Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a
bi-monthly basis.
Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly
basis after December, 1997. Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each
January and July.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
June
July
1996
1997
1997
Expenditure category

Unadjusted
percent change to
July 1997 fromJuly 1996 June 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromApr. to
May to
June to
May
June
July

+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

157.4
468.8

157.5
469.0

2.1
-

0.1
-

0.0
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products 1/ ..................
_
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........
_
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.436
17.749
11.387
1.688
3.535
1.387

156.6
156.1
156.5
177.9
147.5
143.8

157.0
156.6
156.9
177.9
148.0
143.0

2.5
2.5
2.3
1.9
3.1
.8

.3
.3
.3
.0
.3
-.6

.4
.3
.5
.4
.5
-.2

.2
.3
.3
.4
.1
-.9

.3
.3
.3
.0
.5
-.6

2.086

183.1

184.0

.3

.5

1.7

.5

.5

2.691
.373
.282
.841
1.194
6.362
1.687

147.2
148.1
141.3
133.6
160.9
156.6
162.1

147.9
149.2
141.1
134.9
161.2
157.1
162.2

3.7
3.2
.6
6.1
2.9
2.9
2.8

.5
.7
-.1
1.0
.2
.3
.1

.2
-.1
-.1
1.2
-.4
.0
.4

.5
.3
-.2
1.1
.4
.3
.1

.6
.5
-.6
1.5
.2
.3
.2

Housing 2/ ...............................
_
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................
_ _
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs 4/ ............
_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............
_ _
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
_ _
Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
_ _
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
_ _
Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
_

38.747

153.6

154.1

2.5

.3

.1

.3

.2

25.867
8.079

170.9
162.6

171.7
163.7

2.9
2.9

.5
.7

.3
.3

.2
.3

.2
-.1

6.580
1.499

166.0
227.3

166.5
232.9

2.8
3.1

.3
2.5

.3
.2

.3
.6

.2
-1.1

17.599

165.1

165.7

2.9

.4

.2

.2

.4

17.277

165.4

166.0

2.9

.4

.3

.2

.4

.322

149.8

150.3

1.7

.3

.3

.1

.1

.189

141.7

143.6

4.1

1.3

.5

.0

1.3

.105

152.0

155.9

5.2

2.6

.7

.1

2.6

.084

128.6

128.3

2.8

-.2

.3

.0

-.2

7.344

131.7

131.9

2.5

.2

-.5

.6

.2

+
+
+
+

+

+
+
+

+
+
+

Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................
_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .
_
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................
_
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services 4/ .............
_
Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities 4/ .................
_
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....
_
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities 4/..........
_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................
_ _
Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation 4/.......
_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................
_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................
_

3.979

119.2

119.1

1.8

-.1

-1.1

.9

.0

.391

97.6

94.5

2.6

-3.2

-.4

-.7

-1.8

3.588

127.0

127.3

1.8

.2

-1.2

1.0

.2

3.365

162.5

163.2

3.3

.4

.1

.4

.6

5.536

124.2

124.1

.7

-.1

.5

-.1

-.1

3.261

110.0

109.5

-.3

-.5

.7

-.2

-.5

1.129
1.145

143.4
154.4

144.4
154.7

2.0
2.4

.7
.2

-.1
.1

-.1
.5

.6
.2

5.348
4.838

131.8
128.3

129.8
126.1

1.5
1.4

-1.5
-1.7

.2
.2

-.3
-.3

.2
.2

1.286
2.053
.240

128.8
124.8
133.8

128.0
120.6
132.0

2.6
2.1
4.1

-.6
-3.4
-1.3

.0
.6
.0

-.5
.0
-.8

.8
-.4
-1.3

.799
.461

127.2
146.3

126.8
146.8

.0
-2.7

-.3
.3

-.3
-.7

-.9
.3

.9
.6

.510

162.2

162.6

2.1

.2

.1

.2

.2

19.190
17.934
4.893
3.533
2.320
3.921
1.616
5.185

143.4
141.1
145.4
141.3
153.3
105.9
105.5
163.7
172.1

142.9
140.4
144.9
140.7
151.4
104.0
103.6
164.0
172.8

-.3
-.5
.4
.1
-4.2
-4.4
-4.7
3.2
2.1

-.3
-.5
-.3
-.4
-1.2
-1.8
-1.8
.2
.4

-1.0
-1.0
-.3
-.1
-.9
-3.8
-4.1
.2
-.1

-.4
-.3
.0
-.1
-1.7
-.9
-.8
.4
.2

.1
-.1
.1
.1
-1.2
-.4
-.4
.3
.5

.742

103.8

104.4

.6

.6

.2

.1

.6

4.442

189.4

190.2

2.4

.4

-.1

.2

.5

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

Public transportation ..................

1.256

184.0

186.2

3.1

1.2

-.1

-.7

.9

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.251
1.047
5.204
2.973

233.8
213.4
238.4
216.8

234.2
213.3
238.9
217.2

2.6
2.3
2.7
3.5

.2
.0
.2
.2

.3
.5
.3
.3

.2
.0
.2
.2

.1
.0
.1
.1

Entertainment 4/ .........................
_
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........
_
Entertainment services 4/ ..............
_

4.015

160.1

160.1

2.2

.0

.1

.5

.1

2.036

142.7

142.7

.6

.0

.0

.1

.0

1.979

185.0

184.8

3.7

-.1

.2

.8

.2

Other goods and services 2/ ..............
_
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 1/ .......................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................
_
Personal care services 1/ ............
_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...
_
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services 4/ .
_

7.012

219.9

220.3

4.1

.2

.1

.0

.3

2.117
1.107

240.9
152.7

241.7
152.4

3.6
1.6

.3
-.2

-.5
.0

-.9
.1

.5
-.2

.610

145.0

144.6

-.3

-.3

-.3

.0

-.3

.497

162.7

162.6

4.1

-.1

.2

.2

-.1

3.788

253.1

253.6

5.1

.2

.6

.4

.3

.232
3.556

239.6
254.5

240.1
255.0

6.5
5.0

.2
.2

.7
.6

1.1
.4

.4
.3

100.000
47.057
19.436
27.621
16.215
4.838

157.4
141.5
156.6
132.3
134.1
128.3

157.5
141.0
157.0
131.3
132.9
126.1

2.1
.9
2.5
-.1
.4
1.4

.1
-.4
.3
-.8
-.9
-1.7

.0
-.2
.4
-.5
-.7
.2

.1
-.1
.2
-.4
-.4
-.3

.2
.1
.3
-.2
.1
.2

11.377
11.407
52.943
25.329

139.9
128.6
176.4
164.5

139.1
128.0
177.1
165.3

-.1
-.8
3.0
2.9

-.6
-.5
.4
.5

-1.3
.1
.2
.3

-.6
-.5
.3
.3

-.2
-.3
.3
.2

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities 4/ .............
+
_
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .....................
+
_

+

Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................
_ _
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

8.553

135.1

135.5

2.4

.3

-.3

.6

.3

7.314
5.204
6.542

182.0
238.4
205.7

182.9
238.9
205.9

2.7
2.7
4.3

.5
.2
.1

-.1
.3
.4

.1
.2
.5

.5
.1
.2

82.251
74.133
82.401

157.5
153.8
147.7

157.5
153.6
147.6

1.9
1.7
1.8

.0
-.1
-.1

-.1
-.1
-.1

.1
.1
.1

.1
.1
.1

93.749
29.308
17.901
13.064
35.651
27.613

153.8
133.5
135.8
141.1
145.7
167.7

153.8
132.5
134.7
140.4
145.3
168.2

2.0
.1
.7
.3
1.5
3.0

.0
-.7
-.8
-.5
-.3
.3

-.1
-.5
-.7
-1.2
-.3
.1

.1
-.4
-.3
-.3
.0
.3

.1
-.1
.1
.1
.3
.3

47.738
7.901
92.099
74.350

171.1
111.8
163.8
165.8

171.8
110.8
164.0
165.9

3.0
-1.2
2.3
2.3

.4
-.9
.1
.1

.2
-2.4
.2
.2

.4
.0
.1
.1

.4
-.2
.2
.2

24.996
4.312
49.354

141.8
105.5
181.9

141.1
103.4
182.6

.7
-3.9
3.0

-.5
-2.0
.4

.0
-3.5
.2

-.3
-.9
.3

.0
-.5
.3

-

$.635

$.635

-2.0

.0

.0

-.2

.0

-

.213

.213

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......
+
_ _
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........
+
_ _
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
+
_
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................
+
_

-

+
+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
3/
_
4/
_

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.

-

-

-

-

NOTE:

Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Seasonally adjusted indexes
Apr.
1997

May
1997

June
1997

July
1997

Oct.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedJan.
Apr.
July
Jan.
July
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

+
+

+
+
+

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products 1/ ....................
_
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............
_
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................
Housing 2/ .................................
_
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................
_ _
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs 4/ ..............
_

-

-

-

-

3.1

2.9

1.0

1.3

3.0

1.2

156.1
155.7
155.8
176.0
147.4
145.4

156.7
156.2
156.6
176.7
148.2
145.1

157.0
156.6
157.0
177.4
148.3
143.8

157.5
157.1
157.5
177.4
149.1
143.0

5.3
5.6
6.7
2.6
8.0
21.2

1.0
.5
-1.0
2.8
2.5
-3.4

.3
.5
-.5
-.5
-2.4
-5.8

3.6
3.6
4.4
3.2
4.7
-6.4

3.1
3.0
2.7
2.7
5.2
8.2

1.9
2.1
1.9
1.4
1.1
-6.1

181.0

184.1

185.0

186.0

3.7

-10.9

-1.7

11.5

-3.8

4.7

145.9
147.7
141.7
130.6
160.7
156.2
161.0

146.2
147.5
141.6
132.2
160.0
156.2
161.7

147.0
147.9
141.3
133.7
160.7
156.6
161.8

147.9
148.7
140.5
135.7
161.0
157.1
162.2

2.0
3.1
4.7
-2.5
4.7
3.7
4.6

2.3
3.6
.3
.9
2.8
3.4
3.0

5.1
3.0
.9
10.4
3.6
2.1
.5

5.6
2.7
-3.3
16.6
.7
2.3
3.0

2.1
3.4
2.4
-.8
3.7
3.6
3.8

5.3
2.9
-1.3
13.5
2.1
2.2
1.7

152.5

152.7

153.1

153.4

2.4

3.5

1.6

2.4

3.0

2.0

170.0
161.0

170.5
161.5

170.9
162.0

171.3
161.9

2.2
2.0

2.9
3.3

3.4
3.6

3.1
2.3

2.5
2.7

3.2
2.9

165.2
223.9

165.7
224.3

166.2
225.7

166.5
223.3

2.2
1.3

3.0
5.8

2.7
6.3

3.2
-1.1

2.6
3.5

2.9
2.6

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+

+

+
+
+

Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................
_ _
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
_ _
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
_ _
Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
_
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 4/ .
_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...
_
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................
_
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services 4/ ...............
_

164.5

164.9

165.3

165.9

2.3

2.7

3.2

3.4

2.5

3.3

164.8

165.3

165.6

166.2

2.2

2.7

3.2

3.4

2.5

3.3

149.0

149.4

149.6

149.7

3.6

-1.6

3.0

1.9

1.0

2.4

141.0

141.7

141.7

143.6

1.8

4.7

2.6

7.6

3.2

5.1

150.9

151.9

152.0

155.9

3.6

1.3

2.4

13.9

2.4

8.0

128.2

128.6

128.6

128.3

.0

8.3

2.9

.3

4.0

1.6

129.7

129.0

129.8

130.1

4.8

7.4

-3.3

1.2

6.1

-1.1

115.9

114.6

115.6

115.6

6.1

10.5

-7.2

-1.0

8.3

-4.2

100.0

99.6

98.9

97.1

45.5

17.2

-27.0

-11.1

30.5

-19.5

123.2
161.3

121.7
161.5

122.9
162.1

123.1
163.0

2.7
3.9

10.2
3.0

-5.0
1.8

-.3
4.3

6.4
3.4

-2.7
3.0

123.6

124.2

124.1

124.0

1.0

.3

.3

1.3

.7

.8

109.4

110.2

110.0

109.5

.4

-.4

-1.1

.4

.0

-.4

143.8
153.7

143.7
153.9

143.6
154.6

144.4
154.9

1.1
3.2

2.6
.0

2.5
3.2

1.7
3.2

1.8
1.6

2.1
3.2

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities 4/ ...................
_
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......
_
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities 4/............
_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................
_ _

132.7
129.4

132.9
129.6

132.5
129.2

132.8
129.4

-1.2
-1.6

3.1
3.2

4.3
4.4

.3
.0

.9
.8

2.3
2.2

130.1
125.9
134.9

130.1
126.7
134.9

129.4
126.7
133.8

130.4
126.2
132.0

.3
-3.5
6.8

6.1
7.4
-1.2

2.8
4.6
21.5

.9
1.0
-8.3

3.2
1.8
2.7

1.9
2.7
5.5

128.6
146.9

128.2
145.8

127.0
146.2

128.1
147.1

-.6
-1.3

-.9
-11.2

3.2
1.7

-1.5
.5

-.8
-6.4

.8
1.1

161.7

161.9

162.2

162.6

1.0

2.8

2.3

2.2

1.9

2.3

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................

144.2
141.9

142.8
140.5

142.3
140.1

142.4
140.0

3.1
2.3

4.0
4.3

-2.7
-3.0

-4.9
-5.2

3.5
3.3

-3.8
-4.2

+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation 4/.........
_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................
_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................
_
Public transportation ....................

146.0
141.7
156.5
106.5
106.1
162.8
172.6

145.6
141.5
155.1
102.5
101.8
163.2
172.5

145.6
141.3
152.5
101.6
101.0
163.8
172.8

145.7
141.4
150.6
101.2
100.6
164.3
173.6

1.9
2.0
.3
2.7
2.3
4.9
2.9

.0
-.8
-2.5
21.8
21.9
2.8
.0

.8
.3
.3
-18.5
-18.3
1.5
3.6

-.8
-.8
-14.2
-18.5
-19.2
3.7
2.3

1.0
.6
-1.1
11.8
11.7
3.8
1.4

.0
-.3
-7.3
-18.5
-18.7
2.6
2.9

103.7

103.9

104.0

104.6

.4

-1.1

-.8

3.5

-.4

1.4

190.1

189.9

190.2

191.1

3.3

.2

4.3

2.1

1.7

3.2

185.1

184.9

183.6

185.3

11.8

-1.7

2.4

.4

4.8

1.4

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........
Entertainment 4/ ...........................
_
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............
_
Entertainment services 4/ ................
_

233.0
212.1
237.6
215.7
159.3

233.7
213.1
238.2
216.3
159.4

234.1
213.1
238.7
216.8
160.2

234.3
213.0
238.9
217.0
160.3

2.7
3.1
2.6
3.9
2.3

2.6
.4
3.3
3.6
2.3

3.2
3.9
2.9
4.2
1.3

2.3
1.7
2.2
2.4
2.5

2.6
1.7
2.9
3.8
2.3

2.7
2.8
2.6
3.3
1.9

142.5

142.5

142.7

142.7

2.0

.8

-1.1

.6

1.4

-.3

183.3

183.6

185.1

185.4

2.7

3.4

4.3

4.7

3.0

4.5

Other goods and services 2/.................
_
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 1/ .........................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................
_
Personal care services 1/ ..............
_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....
_
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services 4/ ...
_

220.8

221.1

221.0

221.6

3.2

4.0

7.6

1.5

3.6

4.5

243.7
152.6

242.4
152.6

240.1
152.7

241.2
152.4

3.5
2.4

2.2
1.9

13.5
2.7

-4.0
-.5

2.9
2.1

4.4
1.1

145.4

145.0

145.0

144.6

1.1

-2.7

2.8

-2.2

-.8

.3

162.1

162.4

162.7

162.6

4.7

7.3

3.3

1.2

6.0

2.3

252.6

254.1

255.2

256.0

3.5

5.6

5.6

5.5

4.6

5.5

236.9
254.1

238.5
255.5

241.1
256.6

242.1
257.3

8.7
3.1

3.1
5.8

5.1
5.7

9.1
5.1

5.9
4.5

7.0
5.4

Commodity and service group

All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities 4/ ...............
+
_
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .......................
+
_
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................
+
_ _
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

141.7
156.1
132.8
134.7
129.4

141.4
156.7
132.1
133.7
129.6

141.2
157.0
131.6
133.2
129.2

141.3
157.5
131.4
133.3
129.4

3.1
3.2
5.3
1.8
1.8
-1.6

2.9
2.6
1.0
3.7
6.1
3.2

1.0
-.6
.3
-1.5
-2.1
4.4

1.3
-1.1
3.6
-4.2
-4.1
.0

3.0
2.9
3.1
2.8
4.0
.8

1.2
-.8
1.9
-2.8
-3.1
2.2

140.7
129.0
175.5
163.7

138.9
129.1
175.8
164.2

138.0
128.5
176.3
164.7

137.7
128.1
176.8
165.0

3.5
.9
2.8
2.3

9.5
-.3
3.3
3.3

-4.2
-.9
2.8
3.0

-8.3
-2.8
3.0
3.2

6.5
.3
3.1
2.8

-6.2
-1.8
2.9
3.1

133.2

132.8

133.6

134.0

3.1

5.3

-.9

2.4

4.2

.8

182.4
237.6
205.3

182.3
238.2
206.1

182.4
238.7
207.2

183.4
238.9
207.6

5.0
2.6
2.8

.2
3.3
5.1

3.6
2.9
4.6

2.2
2.2
4.6

2.6
2.9
4.0

2.9
2.6
4.6

157.0
153.6
147.4

156.9
153.4
147.3

157.0
153.5
147.4

157.2
153.7
147.6

2.6
3.5
3.4

3.4
2.9
2.8

1.3
.3
.8

.5
.3
.5

3.0
3.2
3.1

.9
.3
.7

153.4
134.2
136.0
141.3
145.6
166.7

153.3
133.5
135.1
139.6
145.2
166.8

153.5
133.0
134.7
139.2
145.2
167.3

153.7
132.9
134.9
139.3
145.6
167.8

3.2
1.8
2.7
4.4
3.4
3.5

2.9
3.6
5.7
6.7
3.9
3.2

1.0
-1.2
-2.6
-4.1
-1.1
2.4

.8
-3.8
-3.2
-5.5
.0
2.7

3.1
2.7
4.2
5.5
3.7
3.3

.9
-2.5
-2.9
-4.8
-.5
2.6

170.1
110.7
163.6
165.8

170.4
108.0
163.9
166.1

171.0
108.0
164.1
166.2

171.6
107.8
164.4
166.5

2.7
4.1
3.0
2.2

3.4
16.1
1.7
2.2

2.4
-12.9
2.5
2.9

3.6
-10.1
2.0
1.7

3.0
9.9
2.4
2.2

3.0
-11.5
2.2
2.3

142.4
106.2
181.5

142.4
102.5
181.9

142.0
101.6
182.4

142.0
101.1
182.9

1.1
5.8
3.0

.9
21.4
2.7

2.3
-19.2
3.4

-1.1
-17.9
3.1

1.0
13.3
2.8

.6
-18.5
3.2

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........
+
_ _
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............
+
_
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
+
1/

Not seasonally adjusted.

+
+
+
+

_
2/
_
3/
_
4/
_

This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.

NOTE:

See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Indexes

Percent change to
July 1997 fromJuly
May
June
1996
1997
1997

Percent change to
June 1997 fromJune
Apr.
May
1996
1997
1997

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/
_

U.S. city average ......................

M

157.2

157.2

157.4

157.5

2.1

0.2

0.1

2.1

0.1

0.1

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 3/........
+
_

M
M
M

164.4
163.9
163.1

164.1
163.8
162.3

164.3
164.0
162.8

164.7
164.3
163.5

2.4
2.4
2.4

.4
.3
.7

.2
.2
.4

2.3
2.2
2.6

-.1
.1
-.2

.1
.1
.3

M

167.0

166.9

167.1

167.5

2.8

.4

.2

2.8

.1

.1

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 3/........
+
_
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M

152.6
152.6
150.8

152.8
152.7
151.5

153.1
152.9
151.7

153.1
152.9
151.9

2.2
2.1
2.4

.2
.1
.3

.0
.0
.1

2.4
2.2
2.5

.3
.2
.6

.2
.1
.1

M

155.4

155.6

156.0

155.7

2.5

.1

-.2

3.0

.4

.3

M

150.0

150.2

150.8

150.7

1.5

.3

-.1

1.9

.5

.4

+

+

Apr.
1997

May
1997

June
1997

July
1997

Region and area size 2/
_

South urban ............................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 450,000 3/........
+
_
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M

155.1
153.6
155.8

155.1
153.6
155.7

155.4
153.9
156.1

155.3
153.9
156.2

1.8
1.5
2.2

.1
.2
.3

-.1
.0
.1

1.8
1.5
2.3

.2
.2
.2

.2
.2
.3

M

155.8

156.0

156.2

155.7

1.4

-.2

-.3

1.6

.3

.1

M

156.3

156.3

156.5

156.6

2.5

.2

.1

1.9

.1

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 3/........
+
_

M
M
M

157.8
156.2
163.3

157.8
156.1
163.2

157.5
156.0
162.7

157.6
156.2
162.9

1.7
1.8
2.3

-.1
.1
-.2

.1
.1
.1

1.9
2.0
2.2

-.2
-.1
-.4

-.2
-.1
-.3

M

143.4

143.3

143.5

143.6

2.0

.2

.1

2.1

.1

.1

M

157.3

157.3

157.6

157.8

2.2

.3

.1

2.3

.2

.2

M

159.0

159.1

159.2

159.1

2.1

.0

-.1

2.2

.1

.1

M

155.6

155.6

155.7

155.8

1.8

.1

.1

1.7

.1

.1

M
M
M

155.3
154.3
166.1

155.5
154.0
166.0

156.0
153.8
166.2

156.0
153.8
166.6

2.2
1.0
2.3

.3
-.1
.4

.0
.0
.2

2.2
1.5
2.1

.5
-.3
.1

.3
-.1
.1

M

165.1

165.2

165.3

165.5

2.1

.2

.1

2.2

.1

.1

M

156.7

156.8

157.0

157.5

2.7

.4

.3

2.7

.2

.1

Size classes
A 4/ .................................
+
_
B 3/ .................................
+
_
C 3/ .................................
+
_
D ....................................
Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
+
_
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..
+
_
Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
_
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....
+
_
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................
+
_

+

1

-

154.3

-

155.6

.6

.8

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

165.6
147.8
155.6
151.2

-

165.8
148.2
155.5
152.5

3.0
2.7
3.1
2.3

.1
.3
-.1
.9

-

-

-

-

1

-

159.7

-

160.2

1.6

.3

-

-

-

-

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........
+
_

2
2
2
2

150.4
151.0
144.1
150.1

-

151.4
149.8
144.1
150.8

-

-

-

-

1.2
1.8
1.3
2.7

.7
-.8
.0
.5

+
+

+
+

1/
_

2/
_
3/
_

+

4/
_
5/
_

+

6/
_

+

7/
_

+

NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current
Size Class B and Size Class C cities.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.

There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.

Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly
basis starting in January, 1998. Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a
bi-monthly basis.
Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly
basis after December, 1997. Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each
January and July.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-