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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202)
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202)
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202)

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

606-7000
606-6994
606-7828
606-5902

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-96-331
TRANSMISSION OF
THIS RELEASE IS
UNTIL 8:30 A.M.
Tuesday, August

MATERIAL IN
EMBARGOED
(EDT)
13, 1996

JULY 1996

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
0.2 percent before seasonal adjustment in July to a level of 157.0 (198284=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today. For the 12-month period ended in July, the CPI-U
increased 3.0 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) rose 0.1 percent in July, prior to seasonal adjustment.
The July 1996 CPI-W level of 154.3 was 2.9 percent higher than the index
in July 1995.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the Consumer Price Index for All
Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.3 percent in July, following a 0.1
percent increase in June. The energy index, which turned down in June
after increasing 9.4 percent in the preceding 6-month period, declined
0.4 percent in July. The index for petroleum-based energy declined 2.0
percent in July, while the index for energy services rose 1.1 percent.
The food index rose 0.5 percent in July, reflecting, in part, another
sharp increase in prices for dairy products. Excluding food and energy,
the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent, following a 0.2 percent increase in June.
The slightly larger advance in July was due to a jump in shelter costs,

which partially resulted from a 2.3 percent rise in the cost of lodging
while out of town.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
3-mos. ended ended
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July
July'96
July'96
All Items
.4
.2
.4
.4
.3
.1
.3
2.6
3.0
Food and beverages .1
.1
.5
.3
.1
.7
.5
5.1
3.4
Housing
.3
.2
.3
.3
.2
.1
.4
2.7
2.9
Apparel and upkeep .7
-.9
.6 -.4
.1 -.4 -.1
-1.5
.0
Transportation
.7
.5
.7 1.1
.7 -.4 -.2
.3
2.4
Medical care
.4
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
3.4
3.6
Entertainment
.3
.8
.1 -.1
.4
.3
.1
2.8
3.5
Other goods
and services
.2
.4
.4
.3
.4
.2
.4
4.2
4.3
Special Indexes:
Energy
1.9
.4 1.4 3.2 1.1 -2.2 -.4
-6.0
4.1
Food
.1
.1
.6
.3
.1
.7
.5
5.1
3.4
All items less
food and energy
.3
.2
.3
.1
.2
.2
.3
2.9
2.7
See page 4 for a note on the implementation of improvements in CPI
item substitution procedures and the announcement of a change in the
hospital and related service component of the CPI.
During the first 7 months of 1996, consumer prices rose at a 3.5
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an
increase of 2.5 percent for all of 1995. Increases in the food and
energy components, which acted as moderating influences on overall
consumer price movements throughout most of the past 5 years, have been
responsible for the acceleration thus far in 1996. Energy costs, which
declined last year, have increased at a 9.6 percent rate, with petroleumbased energy advancing at a 15.7 SAAR. The food index has risen at a
4.1 percent annual rate in the first 7 months after increasing 2.1
percent in all of 1995. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced
at a 3.0 percent rate in the first 7 months of 1996, the same rate as
the increase for all of 1995.
The food and beverage index rose 0.5 percent in July. The index
for grocery store foods, which increased 1.0 percent in June, advanced
0.5 percent in July. The index for dairy products increased 1.5

percent, the same as in June. The indexes for fruits and vegetables and
for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which increased 2.0 and 1.5 percent,
respectively, in June, each decelerated in July, advancing 0.5 and 0.6
percent, respectively. In the former group, the index for fresh fruit
prices fell 1.3 percent, while the indexes for fresh vegetables and for
processed fruits and vegetables increased 2.1 and 1.3 percent,
respectively. Within the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs,
price increases for beef, pork, and poultry each slowed in July,
advancing 0.8, 0.3, and 0.9 percent, respectively. The other two major
grocery store food indexes--cereal and bakery products and other food at
home--each rose 0.2 percent in July. The other two components of the
food and beverage index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages-increased 0.3 and 0.1 percent, respectively, in July.
The housing component rose 0.4 percent in July after advancing 0.1
percent in June, reflecting a jump in shelter costs and an upturn in the
index for fuel and other utilities. Shelter costs advanced 0.5 percent
in July, following increases of 0.2 percent in each of the 5 preceding
months. Within shelter, renters' costs rose 0.8 percent, homeowners'
costs rose 0.3 percent, and maintenance and repair costs increased 0.4
percent. The rise in renters' costs reflects a 2.3 percent increase in
the index for lodging while out of town; residential rents rose 0.3
percent. The index for fuel and other utilities, which declined 0.2
percent in June, increased 0.5 percent in July. The index for household
fuels increased 0.9 percent in July, while the index for other utilities
and public services fell 0.1 percent. Among household fuels, the index
for electricity increased 1.5 percent after declining 1.1 percent in
June. The index for natural gas rose 0.4 percent, while the index for
fuel oil fell 2.0 percent. The index for household furnishings and
operation rose 0.1 percent in July, the same as in June.
The transportation index declined for the second consecutive month-down 0.2 percent in July--primarily as a result of a second consecutive
decrease in the index for motor fuels. The index for gasoline, which
increased 18.2 percent in the period from November 1995 through May
1996, prior to a 3.2 percent drop in June, fell 2.7 percent in July. As
of July, the gasoline index was 9.9 percent below its peak level of
December 1990. The indexes for new car prices and for automobile
finance charges increased 0.2 and 0.9 percent, respectively. (Prior to
seasonal adjustment, new car prices fell 0.2 percent.) The index for
used cars declined for the fourth consecutive month--down 0.1 percent.
Public transportation costs declined 0.5 percent, largely as a result of
a 1.3 percent decrease in airline fares.
The index for apparel and upkeep, which declined 0.4 percent in

June, decreased 0.1 percent in July. (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
clothing prices fell 2.1 percent, reflecting large seasonal price
declines for spring and summer wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in July to a level 3.6 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--was unchanged in
July. The index for medical care services rose 0.3 percent in July.
Charges for professional services and hospital and related services
increased 0.4 and 0.2 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs increased 0.1 percent in July. Increases in
the indexes for fees for participant sports and for club memberships--up
1.3 and 0.7 percent, respectively--were largely offset by declines in
prices for sporting goods and equipment and in charges for admissions to
movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting events--down 1.1 and 0.4
percent, respectively.
The index for other goods and services increased 0.4 percent in
July, following a 0.2 percent rise in June. An upturn in the index for
personal care--toilet goods, personal care appliances, and personal care
services--coupled with a larger increase in the index for tobacco and
smoking products, was primarily responsible for the larger advance of
this major group in July.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.2 percent in July.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
3-mos. ended ended
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July
July '96 July '96
All Items
.4
.2
.5
.4
.3
.1
.2
2.4
2.9
Food and beverages .1
.1
.5
.3
.1
.7
.4
4.8
3.4
Housing
.3
.1
.3
.3
.2
.1
.4
2.7
2.9
Apparel and upkeep .7
-.7
.6 -.2
.2 -.6
.0
-1.8
.4
Transportation
.9
.3
.9 1.1
.6 -.6 -.4
-1.7
2.5
Medical care
.4
.2
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
3.6
3.6
Entertainment
.4
.8
.0 -.1
.4
.3
.0
2.9
3.4

Other goods
and services
Special Indexes:
Energy
Food
All items less
food and energy

.2

.4

.3

.3

2.1
.1

.2
.1

1.8
.6

3.3
.3

.3

.2

.3

.1

.4

.1

.4

3.8

4.1

1.1 -2.0
.1
.8

-.9
.5

-7.3
5.4

4.3
3.5

.2

2.5

2.7

.2

.1

Consumer Price Index data for August are scheduled for release on
Friday, September 13, 1996, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Changing the Hospital and Related Services Component of the Consumer
Price Index
Effective with the release of data for January 1997, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics (BLS) will introduce improvements in the way in which
the Hospital and related services component of the Consumer Price Index
(CPI) is calculated. Two complementary changes will be made:
Items within the hospital and related services component will be
reclassified into two main groups, or item strata--Hospital services and
Nursing home services, instead of the current three--Hospital rooms,
Other inpatient services, and Hospital outpatient services.
The definition of the specific items selected for pricing within
individual hospitals will be broadened substantially. These newly
defined items will be reselected using new procedures in the majority of
the hospitals from which price data currently are collected for the CPI.
Additional information on these changes will be published in the
June 1996 CPI Detailed Report and is available on the Internet. (Go to
gopher://stats.bls.gov and access
/pub/special.requests/cpi/hospital.txt.) This information may also be
obtained by writing to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of
Consumer Prices and Price Indexes,
2 Massachusetts Ave. NE, Room 3260, Washington, DC 20212, or by
telephoning Elaine Cardenas at (202) 606-6985 ext. 251

Improving the Procedures for Substitute Items
Effective with the Consumer Price Index for July 1996, the Bureau of

Labor Statistics has changed the way it determines the weight of
replacement items that enter the sample during certain types of item
substitutions. Along with earlier improvements in CPI sample rotation
procedures, these changes will complete the process of correcting a
technical problem that ties an item's weight to its expected price
change.
When an outlet stops selling a CPI sample item, or other circumstances
make it necessary or desirable for the CPI to replace an item it has
been pricing, the CPI field agent finds a replacement item. The object
of the substitution process is to find the item in the outlet that is
most similar to the one the CPI had been following.
About 3.5 percent
of all pricings result in substitutions. Whenever there is a
substitution, a CPI analyst determines if the new item is comparable to,
that is, not significantly different from, the item it replaces.
If
the item is judged comparable, there is no break in the series or change
in the item's weight. About 55 percent of substitutions are comparable.
If the substitute is not comparable to the previous item, the analyst
may be able to determine the value of the difference and make a quality
adjustment to keep the series continuous. CPI analysts adjust for
quality in about 15 percent of the substitutions. However, about 30
percent of the substitutes are neither comparable nor adjustable.
In
this case, the CPI had started the item's series anew and recalculated
its base period price, and hence the implicit quantity weight, using
the price of the substitute item. This created a situation in which the
item's weight was not independent of its probability of price change.
Effective with the CPI for July 1996, the CPI will--except in rare and
extreme cases--no longer recalculate the base period price of a
noncomparable substitute item. Instead, the CPI will use the originally
calculated weight for the item throughout the life of that item series.
For more details, see "Improving CPI Item Substitution Procedures" in
the July 1996 issue of the CPI Detailed Report.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
June
July
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
July 1996 fromJuly 1995 June 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromApr. to
May to
June to
May
June
July

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

156.7
469.5

157.0
470.4

3.0
-

0.2
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.332
15.766
9.880
1.473
2.936
1.169
1.936
2.365
.327
.248
.763
1.027
5.886
1.566

153.1
152.6
153.4
174.2
143.1
139.8
183.4
142.9
143.7
140.8
128.4
156.2
152.3
158.6

153.6
153.2
154.1
174.8
143.9
142.0
184.0
142.9
144.6
140.5
127.5
156.8
152.8
158.5

3.4
3.4
4.0
3.9
4.8
6.8
4.1
1.6
4.7
1.8
-2.5
3.6
2.5
3.1

.3
.4
.5
.3
.6
1.6
.3
.0
.6
-.2
-.7
.4
.3
-.1

.1
.1
.0
.6
.1
.5
-.8
.1
.8
.3
-.4
.1
.3
.3

.7
.7
1.0
.1
1.5
1.5
2.0
.1
.5
.7
-.6
.6
.2
.2

.5
.5
.5
.2
.6
1.5
.5
.2
.5
-.6
-.1
.4
.3
.1

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.346
28.289
7.988
5.762
2.227
20.102
19.716
.386
.199
.122

152.7
170.7
180.0
161.7
214.9
176.0
176.3
160.7
138.8
144.6

153.6
171.9
183.0
162.2
225.4
176.6
176.9
162.0
139.4
146.3

2.9
3.3
3.6
2.7
5.6
3.2
3.2
2.3
3.2
4.6

.6
.7
1.7
.3
4.9
.3
.3
.8
.4
1.2

.2
.2
.2
.3
-.3
.3
.3
.1
.6
.6

.1
.2
.2
.2
.0
.2
.1
.5
.0
-.1

.4
.5
.8
.3
2.1
.3
.3
.5
.4
1.2

.077
7.014
3.792

130.9
128.4
116.5

130.1
129.0
117.4

1.1
3.1
3.3

-.6
.5
.8

.7
.3
-.1

.0
-.2
-.9

-.6
.5
.9

.356

94.6

92.3

6.0

-2.4

-1.8

-4.1

-1.6

3.436

124.1

125.6

3.0

1.2

.1

-.5

1.1

3.222
6.043
3.445
1.116
1.482

157.6
124.5
111.2
140.8
147.8

157.5
124.7
111.2
141.1
148.6

2.9
1.4
.1
2.7
3.5

-.1
.2
.0
.2
.5

1.0
-.2
-.5
-.4
.5

.4
.1
.1
-.2
.3

-.1
.1
-.3
.4
.5

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.516
4.967
1.303
2.195
.195
.732
.542
.550

130.8
127.2
127.1
122.8
129.1
127.1
150.8
159.7

128.3
124.5
125.1
118.5
125.7
125.6
151.5
159.9

.0
-.2
1.4
-2.1
2.2
1.9
-.2
1.7

-1.9
-2.1
-1.6
-3.5
-2.6
-1.2
.5
.1

.1
.0
.1
.2
-2.5
.2
-.3
.4

-.4
-.5
-.4
-.8
-1.0
.5
-.4
.2

-.1
-.1
-.2
.0
-2.6
-.1
.7
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

16.953
15.430
5.027
4.015
1.342
2.908
1.535
4.618

144.0
141.0
143.5
141.3
157.2
111.2
111.0
157.7
173.1

143.5
140.5
143.2
141.0
156.9
108.9
108.8
158.1
173.5

2.4
2.6
2.1
2.0
-.4
5.1
4.9
2.7
2.3

-.3
-.4
-.2
-.2
-.2
-2.1
-2.0
.3
.2

.7
.6
.2
.1
-.9
2.3
2.5
.3
.2

-.4
-.6
.3
.4
-1.1
-3.6
-3.2
.2
.4

-.2
-.2
.2
.2
-.1
-1.9
-2.7
.3
.3

.608

105.2

104.7

-.1

-.5

-.2

.5

-.5

4.010
1.523

189.1
182.2

189.7
182.7

2.7
.5

.3
.3

.3
2.0

.4
2.0

.4
-.5

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.362
1.282
6.081
3.465

227.8
210.5
231.9
207.9

228.7
211.0
232.9
208.7

3.6
3.2
3.7
3.5

.4
.2
.4
.4

.3
.2
.3
.3

.3
.4
.2
.1

.3
.0
.3
.4

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.367
1.975
2.392

159.0
142.9
177.9

159.0
142.9
178.0

3.5
3.2
3.9

.0
.0
.1

.4
.2
.6

.3
.2
.3

.1
.0
.2

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.123
1.610
1.170

214.0
232.9
149.6

214.6
233.3
150.0

4.3
3.1
2.1

.3
.2
.3

.4
.5
.4

.2
.1
-.5

.4
.4
.3

.613
.557
4.342
.258
4.084

143.9
155.9
245.1
224.7
246.8

144.4
156.3
245.8
224.7
247.6

1.2
3.2
5.4
5.5
5.3

.3
.3
.3
.0
.3

.8
.1
.4
.1
.4

-1.0
.1
.4
.1
.4

.3
.3
.4
.3
.4

Commodity and service group

All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

100.000
42.916
17.332
25.584
15.075
4.967

156.7
139.9
153.1
131.9
133.7
127.2

157.0
139.5
153.6
130.9
132.3
124.5

3.0
2.4
3.4
1.9
2.5
-.2

.2
-.3
.3
-.8
-1.0
-2.1

.3
.1
.1
.2
.4
.0

.1
-.1
.7
-.6
-1.0
-.5

.3
.1
.5
-.2
-.4
-.1

10.108
10.509
57.084
27.671

140.1
129.3
173.9
177.6

139.3
129.1
174.8
178.9

3.7
1.0
3.3
3.3

-.6
-.2
.5
.7

.6
-.2
.3
.3

-1.2
.1
.2
.2

-.6
-.1
.5
.4

8.681
7.068
6.081
7.583

143.1
179.8
231.9
200.1

143.9
180.3
232.9
200.6

3.0
2.2
3.7
4.4

.6
.3
.4
.2

.7
.6
.3
.4

-.1
.7
.2
.3

.5
.2
.3
.3

84.234
71.711
79.898
92.638
27.150
16.641
11.674
32.407
29.414
51.004
6.700
93.300
77.534

157.5
152.8
157.9
152.7
133.0
135.1
140.9
143.6
182.4
168.5
113.1
162.7
165.2

157.7
152.8
158.1
153.0
132.0
133.8
140.2
143.1
183.1
169.4
112.5
163.1
165.5

2.8
2.8
2.9
2.9
1.9
2.5
3.6
2.9
3.3
3.2
4.1
2.9
2.7

.1
.0
.1
.2
-.8
-1.0
-.5
-.3
.4
.5
-.5
.2
.2

.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
.4
.5
.3
.4
.3
1.1
.2
.2

.0
.1
.1
.1
-.5
-.9
-.8
-.1
.2
.2
-2.2
.2
.2

.2
.2
.3
.3
-.2
-.4
-.6
.1
.4
.5
-.4
.3
.3

23.885
3.264
53.648

141.0
109.5
179.0

140.3
107.2
179.9

1.4
5.2
3.3

-.5
-2.1
.5

.0
1.8
.3

.0
-3.7
.3

.0
-2.0
.3

-

$.638
.213

$.637
.213

-2.9
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.

NOTE:

Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Apr.
1996

May
1996

June
1996

July
1996

Oct.
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedJan.
Apr.
July
Jan.
July
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

2.6

2.6

3.9

2.6

2.6

3.3

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

152.2
151.9
152.4
172.8
141.5
137.1
183.7
142.5
142.0
139.4
129.7
155.2
151.6
157.5

152.4
152.0
152.4
173.8
141.6
137.8
182.2
142.6
143.1
139.8
129.2
155.3
152.0
158.0

153.4
153.1
154.0
173.9
143.7
139.9
185.9
142.8
143.8
140.8
128.4
156.2
152.3
158.3

154.1
153.8
154.8
174.3
144.5
142.0
186.9
143.1
144.5
139.9
128.3
156.8
152.8
158.5

3.5
3.5
4.1
3.4
9.0
2.1
3.2
.6
2.9
2.3
-2.4
1.9
2.4
3.2

1.1
.8
.3
6.5
3.5
5.5
-12.2
1.1
7.4
2.9
-3.9
2.7
1.6
2.3

4.0
4.3
5.1
2.3
-1.7
5.1
21.1
2.9
1.7
.3
.6
5.6
2.7
4.2

5.1
5.1
6.4
3.5
8.8
15.1
7.2
1.7
7.2
1.4
-4.2
4.2
3.2
2.6

2.3
2.2
2.2
4.9
6.2
3.8
-4.8
.9
5.1
2.6
-3.2
2.3
2.0
2.7

4.6
4.7
5.8
2.9
3.4
10.0
13.9
2.3
4.4
.9
-1.8
4.9
2.9
3.4

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/

151.9
169.7
178.1
160.9
213.3
175.4
175.8
159.7
138.0
143.8
130.0

152.2
170.1
178.4
161.4
212.7
175.9
176.3
159.8
138.8
144.7
130.9

152.3
170.4
178.7
161.8
212.6
176.2
176.5
160.6
138.8
144.6
130.9

152.9
171.2
180.2
162.3
217.1
176.7
177.1
161.4
139.4
146.3
130.1

3.0
3.2
2.8
2.0
4.5
3.5
3.5
-1.5
3.6
5.8
.6

3.2
3.6
3.5
3.1
4.5
3.5
3.7
2.6
.0
.8
-.9

2.9
2.6
3.2
2.3
5.8
2.5
2.5
4.1
5.1
4.9
4.4

2.7
3.6
4.8
3.5
7.3
3.0
3.0
4.3
4.1
7.1
.3

3.1
3.4
3.1
2.5
4.5
3.5
3.6
.5
1.8
3.3
-.2

2.8
3.1
4.0
2.9
6.6
2.8
2.8
4.2
4.6
6.0
2.3

Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

126.8
114.3

127.2
114.2

126.9
113.2

127.5
114.2

1.6
2.2

2.9
3.3

5.9
8.5

2.2
-.3

2.3
2.7

4.0
4.0

101.2

99.4

95.3

93.8

-3.6

40.0

26.1

-26.2

16.2

-3.5

120.9
155.4
124.5
111.7
141.4
146.5

121.0
156.9
124.3
111.1
140.8
147.3

120.4
157.6
124.4
111.2
140.5
147.8

121.7
157.5
124.5
110.9
141.1
148.6

2.7
1.3
3.3
2.9
5.0
3.1

.0
2.4
2.0
.7
4.1
2.5

6.9
2.6
.3
-.7
2.6
2.2

2.7
5.5
.0
-2.8
-.8
5.9

1.4
1.8
2.6
1.8
4.6
2.8

4.8
4.1
.2
-1.8
.9
4.0

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.2
128.7
128.1
125.2
133.7
126.5
151.8
158.8

132.3
128.7
128.2
125.5
130.4
126.7
151.3
159.4

131.8
128.1
127.7
124.5
129.1
127.3
150.7
159.7

131.7
128.0
127.4
124.5
125.7
127.2
151.8
159.9

.9
1.3
1.6
-1.6
28.7
4.2
-.8
-.5

3.1
2.8
3.5
5.8
1.5
-5.0
3.2
3.1

-2.7
-3.0
2.5
-9.9
6.9
6.2
-3.1
1.5

-1.5
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-21.9
2.2
.0
2.8

2.0
2.0
2.6
2.1
14.3
-.5
1.2
1.3

-2.1
-2.6
.2
-6.1
-8.6
4.2
-1.6
2.2

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

143.3
140.8
142.9
140.7
159.0
110.3
109.8
157.1
172.5

144.3
141.6
143.2
140.8
157.6
112.8
112.5
157.5
172.9

143.7
140.7
143.7
141.4
155.9
108.7
108.9
157.8
173.6

143.4
140.4
144.0
141.7
155.7
106.6
106.0
158.2
174.1

-1.4
-.9
2.0
1.4
-.8
-14.5
-14.6
2.9
3.8

1.4
3.9
.8
1.2
7.1
16.5
16.6
3.4
-.5

9.8
9.0
2.3
2.0
.8
41.1
40.2
1.5
2.1

.3
-1.1
3.1
2.9
-8.0
-12.8
-13.1
2.8
3.8

.0
1.5
1.4
1.3
3.1
-.2
-.2
3.1
1.7

4.9
3.8
2.7
2.4
-3.7
11.0
10.4
2.2
2.9

105.1

104.9

105.4

104.9

.8

-.8

.4

-.8

.0

-.2

188.6
177.3

189.1
180.8

189.9
184.4

190.6
183.5

4.4
-3.9

-.6
-22.4

2.6
19.4

4.3
14.7

1.8
-13.6

3.4
17.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

227.0
209.4
230.8
206.8

227.7
209.9
231.6
207.5

228.3
210.7
232.1
207.7

228.9
210.7
232.9
208.5

3.9
2.8
4.2
3.6

4.2
3.9
4.3
4.2

2.9
3.3
2.6
3.2

3.4
2.5
3.7
3.3

4.0
3.4
4.2
3.9

3.1
2.9
3.2
3.2

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

158.2
142.5
176.6

158.8
142.8
177.6

159.2
143.1
178.2

159.3
143.1
178.5

3.7
3.2
4.0

4.2
4.7
3.7

3.4
3.4
3.0

2.8
1.7
4.4

3.9
3.9
3.9

3.1
2.6
3.7

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

214.6
230.7
149.7

215.5
231.9
150.3

215.9
232.2
149.6

216.8
233.1
150.0

5.1
5.4
4.4

3.5
-.9
1.6

4.6
4.1
1.6

4.2
4.2
.8

4.3
2.2
3.0

4.4
4.2
1.2

144.2
155.7
245.8
225.2
247.3

145.3
155.8
246.8
225.4
248.3

143.9
155.9
247.8
225.6
249.3

144.4
156.3
248.8
226.2
250.4

4.9
4.3
5.0
6.3
5.0

-1.9
5.3
5.6
8.5
5.4

1.4
1.8
5.6
5.7
5.7

.6
1.6
5.0
1.8
5.1

1.4
4.8
5.3
7.4
5.2

1.0
1.7
5.3
3.7
5.4

139.8
152.2
132.2
134.1
128.7

140.0
152.4
132.5
134.7
128.7

139.9
153.4
131.7
133.3
128.1

140.0
154.1
131.4
132.8
128.0

2.6
1.5
3.5
.3
-1.2
1.3

2.6
2.9
1.1
4.1
7.3
2.8

3.9
5.0
4.0
5.6
7.8
-3.0

2.6
.6
5.1
-2.4
-3.8
-2.2

2.6
2.2
2.3
2.2
3.0
2.0

3.3
2.8
4.6
1.5
1.8
-2.6

140.2
129.4
172.9
176.8

141.0
129.2
173.5
177.3

139.3
129.3
173.9
177.6

138.4
129.2
174.7
178.3

-2.4
1.3
3.1
3.3

8.4
1.9
2.4
3.5

15.3
1.2
3.5
2.8

-5.0
-.6
4.2
3.4

2.9
1.6
2.7
3.4

4.6
.3
3.9
3.1

140.8
178.3
230.8
200.4

141.8
179.4
231.6
201.2

141.7
180.7
232.1
201.9

142.4
181.0
232.9
202.5

2.3
2.3
4.2
4.2

1.2
-5.3
4.3
4.8

4.1
6.1
2.6
4.3

4.6
6.2
3.7
4.3

1.7
-1.6
4.2
4.5

4.4
6.1
3.2
4.3

156.9
152.2
157.3
152.0
133.3
135.4
140.6
143.3
181.0
167.5
111.5
162.3
164.9

157.4
152.7
157.7
152.5
133.6
136.0
141.3
143.7
181.8
168.0
112.7
162.7
165.3

157.4
152.8
157.9
152.6
132.9
134.8
140.1
143.6
182.2
168.3
110.2
163.1
165.6

157.7
153.1
158.3
153.0
132.6
134.3
139.2
143.7
182.9
169.1
109.8
163.6
166.1

2.4
2.2
2.4
2.2
.3
-.9
-1.2
.9
3.2
3.2
-5.6
3.1
3.0

2.9
2.2
2.3
2.7
4.1
6.9
8.0
4.4
1.6
2.0
8.7
2.3
2.2

4.2
4.6
4.4
4.0
5.3
7.4
12.2
5.8
4.1
3.9
22.0
2.8
2.7

2.1
2.4
2.6
2.7
-2.1
-3.2
-3.9
1.1
4.3
3.9
-6.0
3.2
2.9

2.6
2.2
2.4
2.4
2.2
2.9
3.3
2.6
2.4
2.6
1.3
2.7
2.6

3.1
3.5
3.5
3.3
1.5
2.0
3.8
3.4
4.2
3.9
7.1
3.0
2.8

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy

commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

141.2
109.4
178.2

141.2
111.4
178.8

141.2
107.3
179.4

141.2
105.2
180.0

2.3
-13.6
3.3

2.3
19.1
2.5

.9
39.3
3.4

.0
-14.5
4.1

2.3
1.4
2.9

.4
9.1
3.8

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
June
July
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
July 1996 fromJuly 1995 June 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromApr. to
May to
June to
May
June
July

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

154.1
459.1

154.3
459.7

2.9
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.262
17.581
11.206
1.682
3.453
1.300
2.052
2.719
.369
.285
.885
1.180
6.374
1.681

152.6
152.1
152.6
174.0
142.7
139.7
182.6
142.5
143.7
140.6
127.9
155.9
152.3
157.9

153.1
152.8
153.3
174.5
143.6
141.9
183.4
142.6
144.6
140.2
127.1
156.6
152.7
157.8

3.4
3.5
4.0
3.9
4.8
7.1
4.1
1.6
4.8
1.7
-2.2
3.6
2.5
3.1

.3
.5
.5
.3
.6
1.6
.4
.1
.6
-.3
-.6
.4
.3
-.1

.1
.1
.0
.6
.0
.6
-1.0
.0
.7
.1
-.4
.0
.3
.3

.7
.8
1.0
.1
1.4
1.5
1.9
.2
.4
.9
-.6
.6
.2
.2

.4
.5
.6
.2
.7
1.5
.6
.2
.5
-.8
-.1
.4
.3
.1

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................

38.888
25.976

149.6
165.9

150.4
166.9

2.9
3.2

.5
.6

.2
.2

.1
.2

.4
.4

Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

8.091
6.616
1.475
17.695
17.366
.329
.189
.105

157.2
161.3
215.3
160.5
160.8
146.9
137.5
146.7

159.1
161.9
226.0
161.0
161.3
147.8
137.9
148.2

3.4
2.8
5.8
3.1
3.2
1.7
2.4
3.7

1.2
.4
5.0
.3
.3
.6
.3
1.0

.2
.3
-.1
.3
.2
.1
.5
.6

.3
.2
.3
.2
.1
.2
.0
-.1

.6
.3
1.7
.3
.3
.5
.3
1.0

.085
7.247
3.887

125.6
128.2
116.1

124.8
128.7
117.0

.6
3.3
3.4

-.6
.4
.8

.4
.2
-.3

.1
-.2
-.8

-.6
.4
.9

.327

94.3

92.1

5.9

-2.3

-1.8

-3.9

-1.5

3.560

123.8

125.1

3.2

1.1

-.2

-.5

1.1

3.360
5.666
3.367
1.149
1.150

158.2
123.1
109.9
141.2
150.5

158.0
123.2
109.8
141.6
151.1

3.0
1.1
-.1
2.9
3.1

-.1
.1
-.1
.3
.4

.9
-.2
-.5
-.4
.4

.4
.2
.2
-.2
.3

-.1
.1
-.2
.5
.5

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.533
5.017
1.310
2.148
.251
.812
.495
.516

130.2
126.9
126.7
122.1
130.1
128.1
150.5
159.0

127.9
124.3
124.7
118.1
126.8
126.8
150.9
159.3

.4
.2
1.3
-1.6
2.7
2.1
1.1
1.6

-1.8
-2.0
-1.6
-3.3
-2.5
-1.0
.3
.2

.2
.1
.0
.3
-2.4
.0
.5
.4

-.6
-.7
-.6
-1.0
-1.1
.5
-.8
.1

.0
.0
-.2
.1
-2.5
.2
.9
.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................

19.020
17.847
4.958
3.591
2.432
3.584
1.619
5.255

143.8
141.8
144.5
140.9
158.3
111.0
110.9
158.6
168.8

143.3
141.1
144.3
140.6
158.1
108.8
108.7
158.9
169.2

2.5
2.5
2.1
1.8
-.2
5.1
4.9
2.6
2.2

-.3
-.5
-.1
-.2
-.1
-2.0
-2.0
.2
.2

.6
.6
.2
.1
-.9
2.5
2.3
.2
.1

-.6
-.6
.3
.4
-1.1
-3.2
-3.2
.3
.4

-.4
-.4
.2
.3
-.3
-2.7
-2.5
.2
.4

.767

104.3

103.8

-.2

-.5

-.2

.5

-.5

4.488

185.1

185.7

2.5

.3

.2

.3

.5

Public transportation ..................

1.173

180.1

180.6

2.3

.3

1.4

1.2

-.6

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.262
1.055
5.208
2.965

227.3
208.0
231.6
209.0

228.2
208.5
232.6
209.9

3.6
3.1
3.7
3.6

.4
.2
.4
.4

.3
.1
.3
.3

.3
.4
.3
.1

.3
.2
.3
.4

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.029
2.053
1.976

156.7
141.9
178.0

156.7
141.8
178.2

3.4
3.0
4.0

.0
-.1
.1

.4
.2
.6

.3
.1
.4

.0
-.1
.2

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.006
2.135
1.132

211.0
232.8
149.6

211.6
233.2
150.0

4.1
3.0
2.1

.3
.2
.3

.4
.5
.5

.1
.1
-.5

.4
.4
.3

.635
.497
3.739
.227
3.512

144.6
156.0
240.6
225.5
242.0

145.0
156.2
241.4
225.5
242.9

1.2
3.2
5.3
5.5
5.3

.3
.1
.3
.0
.4

.9
.1
.3
.0
.3

-1.0
.1
.4
.1
.4

.3
.1
.5
.2
.5

100.000
47.052
19.262
27.790
16.074
5.017

154.1
140.0
152.6
132.4
133.8
126.9

154.3
139.7
153.1
131.4
132.4
124.3

2.9
2.6
3.4
1.9
2.7
.2

.1
-.2
.3
-.8
-1.0
-2.0

.3
.2
.1
.3
.5
.1

.1
-.1
.7
-.6
-1.0
-.7

.2
.0
.4
-.3
-.4
.0

11.057
11.716
52.948
25.430

140.1
129.2
171.2
159.6

139.2
129.0
172.0
160.6

3.7
.9
3.3
3.3

-.6
-.2
.5
.6

.5
-.2
.3
.3

-1.2
.0
.2
.3

-.7
.0
.4
.4

8.531
7.279
5.208
6.501

131.6
177.6
231.6
196.9

132.3
178.1
232.6
197.4

3.1
2.5
3.7
4.4

.5
.3
.4
.3

.5
.5
.3
.4

-.1
.5
.3
.4

.5
.3
.3
.4

82.419
74.024
82.305

154.4
151.1
144.8

154.5
151.0
145.0

2.8
2.9
2.9

.1
-.1
.1

.3
.3
.3

-.1
.1
.0

.1
.1
.2

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........

All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

93.738
29.471
17.756
12.739
35.336
27.518
47.740
7.470
92.530
74.949

150.6
133.3
135.1
140.8
143.5
162.6
166.0
112.9
160.0
162.0

150.8
132.4
133.8
140.0
143.1
163.3
166.8
112.2
160.3
162.2

2.9
1.9
2.7
3.6
3.1
3.4
3.3
4.3
2.9
2.7

.1
-.7
-1.0
-.6
-.3
.4
.5
-.6
.2
.1

.3
.3
.4
.6
.1
.4
.4
1.1
.2
.2

.1
-.6
-.9
-1.0
-.1
.2
.2
-2.0
.3
.1

.2
-.3
-.4
-.7
.0
.5
.5
-.9
.2
.2

25.560
3.911
49.388

140.7
109.8
176.4

140.1
107.6
177.2

1.4
5.2
3.3

-.4
-2.0
.5

.0
2.1
.4

-.1
-3.2
.2

.1
-2.6
.3

-

$.649
.218

$.648
.218

-2.8
-

-.2
-

-.3
-

-

.0

-.2
-

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Apr.
1996

May
1996

June
1996

July
1996

Oct.
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedJan.
Apr.
July
Jan.
July
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................

151.8
151.3
151.6

151.9
151.4
151.6

153.0
152.6
153.1

153.6
153.3
154.0

2.7

2.7

4.3

2.4

2.7

3.3

3.5
3.8
4.4

1.3
1.1
.5

4.1
4.1
4.9

4.8
5.4
6.5

2.4
2.4
2.4

4.4
4.7
5.7

Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

172.5
141.2
136.9
183.6
142.1
142.1
139.2
129.2
154.9
151.6
156.8

173.5
141.2
137.7
181.8
142.1
143.1
139.4
128.7
154.9
152.0
157.3

173.7
143.2
139.8
185.2
142.4
143.7
140.7
127.9
155.9
152.3
157.6

174.0
144.2
141.9
186.3
142.7
144.4
139.6
127.8
156.6
152.7
157.8

3.6
9.3
2.1
3.2
.9
2.9
2.4
-1.8
1.9
2.7
3.2

6.5
3.5
6.1
-12.3
1.1
7.1
3.2
-3.3
2.7
1.9
2.6

2.1
-1.7
5.1
22.5
3.2
2.6
.0
.6
5.6
2.7
3.9

3.5
8.8
15.4
6.0
1.7
6.6
1.2
-4.3
4.5
2.9
2.6

5.1
6.4
4.1
-4.9
1.0
5.0
2.8
-2.6
2.3
2.3
2.9

2.8
3.4
10.2
14.0
2.4
4.6
.6
-1.9
5.0
2.8
3.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

148.7
165.1
155.9
160.6
213.1
160.0
160.3
146.3
136.8
145.9
125.0
126.5
113.7

149.0
165.5
156.2
161.1
212.9
160.4
160.7
146.4
137.5
146.8
125.5
126.8
113.4

149.1
165.8
156.6
161.5
213.6
160.7
160.9
146.7
137.5
146.7
125.6
126.5
112.5

149.7
166.5
157.6
162.0
217.3
161.2
161.4
147.4
137.9
148.2
124.8
127.0
113.5

3.1
3.3
2.9
2.3
5.2
3.4
3.6
-1.6
3.0
4.3
1.0
2.0
2.6

3.0
3.5
2.9
3.1
2.1
3.6
3.6
2.5
-.6
.6
-2.2
2.6
3.3

3.0
2.7
3.4
2.3
7.7
2.5
2.5
3.1
3.9
3.6
4.6
6.9
9.3

2.7
3.4
4.4
3.5
8.1
3.0
2.8
3.0
3.3
6.5
-.6
1.6
-.7

3.0
3.4
2.9
2.7
3.6
3.5
3.6
.4
1.2
2.4
-.6
2.3
2.9

2.9
3.1
3.9
2.9
7.9
2.8
2.7
3.1
3.6
5.0
2.0
4.2
4.2

100.7

98.9

95.0

93.6

-3.1

39.4

24.7

-25.4

16.2

-3.5

120.6
156.1
123.1
110.2
141.7
149.5

120.4
157.5
122.8
109.7
141.2
150.1

119.8
158.2
123.0
109.9
140.9
150.6

121.1
158.0
123.1
109.7
141.6
151.4

3.1
1.3
2.7
1.8
4.7
3.9

.3
2.4
1.3
.0
4.7
1.6

8.4
3.4
.7
-.4
2.6
1.9

1.7
5.0
.0
-1.8
-.3
5.2

1.7
1.8
2.0
.9
4.7
2.7

5.0
4.2
.3
-1.1
1.1
3.5

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.6
128.6
128.0
124.9
134.8
127.5
150.7
158.2

131.8
128.7
128.0
125.3
131.5
127.5
151.4
158.8

131.0
127.8
127.2
124.0
130.1
128.1
150.2
159.0

131.0
127.8
127.0
124.1
126.8
128.4
151.5
159.3

1.2
1.6
1.3
-2.2
33.7
4.5
.5
-1.3

2.8
2.8
4.2
6.5
-1.5
-5.5
.5
3.4

-.9
-.9
2.9
-7.9
7.8
7.2
1.1
1.5

-1.8
-2.5
-3.1
-2.5
-21.7
2.9
2.1
2.8

2.0
2.2
2.7
2.1
14.8
-.6
.5
1.0

-1.4
-1.7
-.2
-5.3
-8.1
5.0
1.6
2.2

Transportation .............................

143.3

144.1

143.3

142.7

-1.4

3.8

9.5

-1.7

1.2

3.7

Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

141.4
143.9
140.3
160.3
109.9
109.7
158.0
168.5

142.2
144.2
140.4
158.9
112.6
112.2
158.3
168.7

141.3
144.7
140.9
157.2
109.0
108.6
158.8
169.3

140.7
145.0
141.3
156.8
106.1
105.9
159.1
170.0

-1.4
2.0
1.2
-.8
-13.5
-14.2
2.6
3.7

4.8
1.4
1.4
7.6
16.5
17.0
3.6
-.7

9.0
2.0
1.7
1.3
39.1
38.6
1.5
2.2

-2.0
3.1
2.9
-8.5
-13.1
-13.2
2.8
3.6

1.6
1.7
1.3
3.3
.4
.2
3.1
1.4

3.4
2.5
2.3
-3.7
9.9
9.7
2.2
2.9

104.2

104.0

104.5

104.0

.8

-.8

.0

-.8

.0

-.4

184.7
176.3

185.1
178.8

185.6
181.0

186.6
180.0

4.0
-1.8

-.7
-12.4

2.6
16.8

4.2
8.7

1.7
-7.2

3.4
12.6

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

226.3
206.8
230.5
207.9

227.0
207.1
231.3
208.6

227.6
208.0
231.9
208.8

228.3
208.5
232.6
209.7

4.1
2.6
4.4
3.6

4.2
4.4
4.1
4.0

2.9
2.4
2.8
3.3

3.6
3.3
3.7
3.5

4.1
3.5
4.2
3.8

3.2
2.8
3.3
3.4

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

155.8
141.4
176.6

156.4
141.7
177.7

156.9
141.9
178.4

156.9
141.8
178.7

3.5
2.9
3.8

4.5
4.7
4.5

2.9
3.2
2.5

2.9
1.1
4.8

4.0
3.8
4.1

2.9
2.1
3.7

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

211.1
230.8
149.6

211.9
231.9
150.3

212.2
232.1
149.6

213.1
233.0
150.0

5.6
5.4
5.0

2.9
-1.0
1.1

4.3
4.3
1.3

3.8
3.9
1.1

4.2
2.1
3.0

4.1
4.1
1.2

144.7
155.7
241.1
226.3
242.5

146.0
155.8
241.8
226.2
243.2

144.6
156.0
242.8
226.4
244.2

145.0
156.2
243.9
226.8
245.4

5.1
5.1
5.8
6.9
5.8

-1.9
4.5
5.6
9.1
5.4

.8
2.1
5.3
4.9
5.5

.8
1.3
4.7
.9
4.9

1.5
4.8
5.7
8.0
5.6

.8
1.7
5.0
2.9
5.2

139.8
151.8
132.4
134.1
128.6

140.1
151.9
132.8
134.8
128.7

140.0
153.0
132.0
133.4
127.8

140.0
153.6
131.6
132.8
127.8

2.7
1.5
3.5
.0
-1.2
1.6

2.7
3.3
1.3
4.4
7.3
2.8

4.3
5.0
4.1
6.0
9.5
-.9

2.4
.6
4.8
-2.4
-3.8
-2.5

2.7
2.4
2.4
2.2
3.0
2.2

3.3
2.8
4.4
1.7
2.6
-1.7

140.1
129.3
170.2

140.8
129.1
170.7

139.1
129.1
171.1

138.1
129.1
171.8

-3.0
.9
3.2

8.4
2.2
2.7

16.3
.9
3.6

-5.6
-.6
3.8

2.6
1.6
2.9

4.8
.2
3.7

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................

Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

159.0

159.4

159.8

160.4

3.1

3.6

2.8

3.6

3.4

3.2

129.6
176.5
230.5
197.0

130.3
177.3
231.3
197.8

130.2
178.1
231.9
198.5

130.8
178.6
232.6
199.2

2.2
2.8
4.4
4.5

1.3
-1.8
4.1
4.9

5.1
4.4
2.8
4.0

3.8
4.8
3.7
4.5

1.7
.5
4.2
4.7

4.4
4.6
3.3
4.2

153.7
150.5
144.3
150.0
133.6
135.3
140.4
143.2
161.3
164.9
111.4
159.6
161.8

154.2
150.9
144.7
150.4
134.0
135.9
141.3
143.4
162.0
165.5
112.6
159.9
162.2

154.1
151.0
144.7
150.5
133.2
134.7
139.9
143.3
162.3
165.8
110.3
160.3
162.4

154.3
151.2
145.0
150.8
132.8
134.1
138.9
143.3
163.1
166.6
109.3
160.7
162.8

2.4
2.2
2.3
2.5
.3
-.9
-1.5
.9
3.6
3.3
-5.6
3.1
2.8

3.2
2.5
2.6
2.7
4.4
6.9
7.7
4.4
1.8
2.2
9.6
2.3
2.8

4.3
4.9
4.9
4.4
5.9
8.7
13.2
6.7
3.8
3.5
23.4
3.1
2.5

1.6
1.9
2.0
2.2
-2.4
-3.5
-4.2
.3
4.5
4.2
-7.3
2.8
2.5

2.8
2.3
2.4
2.6
2.3
2.9
3.0
2.6
2.7
2.7
1.7
2.7
2.8

2.9
3.4
3.4
3.3
1.7
2.4
4.2
3.4
4.2
3.8
6.9
2.9
2.5

141.0
109.3
175.8

141.0
111.6
176.5

140.8
108.0
176.9

140.9
105.2
177.5

2.3
-12.5
3.3

2.3
18.0
2.6

1.4
37.7
3.2

-.3
-14.2
3.9

2.3
1.6
2.9

.6
8.7
3.6

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
Apr.
1996

May
1996

June
1996

July
1996

Percent change to
July 1996 fromJuly
May
June
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
June 1996 fromJune
Apr.
May
1995
1996
1996

U.S. city average ......................

M

156.3

156.6

156.7

157.0

3.0

0.3

0.2

2.8

0.3

0.1

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

162.9
163.6
160.6
161.3

163.0
163.6
161.0
160.9

163.1
163.8
160.9
161.0

163.4
164.1
161.8
161.5

2.6
2.7
2.7
2.3

.2
.3
.5
.4

.2
.2
.6
.3

2.6
2.6
2.8
2.4

.1
.1
.2
-.2

.1
.1
-.1
.1

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

152.3
152.9
151.2
153.9

152.7
153.2
151.6
154.7

152.9
153.5
152.0
154.1

153.2
153.7
152.4
154.6

3.0
2.8
3.0
3.3

.3
.3
.5
-.1

.2
.1
.3
.3

2.8
2.7
2.9
2.8

.4
.4
.5
.1

.1
.2
.3
-.4

M

149.0

149.2

149.8

150.4

3.0

.8

.4

3.0

.5

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

153.2
152.4
155.6
153.1

153.5
152.7
155.9
153.2

154.0
153.2
156.3
153.8

154.0
153.2
156.7
153.7

3.2
3.0
3.4
3.6

.3
.3
.5
.3

.0
.0
.3
-.1

3.3
3.0
3.3
3.6

.5
.5
.4
.5

.3
.3
.3
.4

M

152.4

152.9

153.0

152.5

3.0

-.3

-.3

3.5

.4

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

157.1
157.3
162.2

157.6
157.6
162.4

157.5
157.3
162.4

157.9
158.0
162.4

2.9
2.6
3.6

.2
.3
.0

.3
.4
.0

2.5
2.1
3.7

.3
.0
.1

-.1
-.2
.0

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

141.1
156.1
156.3
153.0

141.3
156.6
156.4
153.5

141.4
156.9
156.5
153.7

141.7
157.4
156.8
153.7

2.8
3.1
3.3
3.1

.3
.5
.3
.1

.2
.3
.2
.0

2.5
3.2
3.1
3.2

.2
.5
.1
.5

.1
.2
.1
.1

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

156.4
157.7
166.0
162.1
153.9

156.9
157.5
166.4
161.8
155.1

157.6
156.7
166.5
162.3
155.2

157.7
157.6
166.7
162.8
155.9

2.7
2.0
2.7
2.5
2.9

.5
.1
.2
.6
.5

.1
.6
.1
.3
.5

2.7
1.2
2.7
2.5
2.3

.8
-.6
.3
.1
.8

.4
-.5
.1
.3
.1

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........

1
1

155.7
162.0

2.8
2.7

1.2
.1

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas

-

153.9
161.8

-

-

-

-

-

Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

148.5
152.3
143.1
152.8

151.8
152.6
148.1
159.0
-

149.4
151.9
142.8
153.2

152.1
152.4
149.9
160.1
-

2.7
2.8
3.0
2.6
-

.2
-.1
1.2
.7
-

-

-

-

3.5
2.4
2.1
2.7

-

.6
-.3
-.2
.3

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

U.S. city average ......................

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
Apr.
1996

May
1996

June
1996

July
1996

Percent change to
July 1996 fromJuly
May
June
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
June 1996 fromJune
Apr.
May
1995
1996
1996

M

153.6

154.0

154.1

154.3

2.9

0.2

0.1

2.8

0.3

0.1

M
M

160.3
160.0

160.6
160.2

160.6
160.4

160.9
160.5

2.7
2.8

.2
.2

.2
.1

2.7
2.8

.2
.3

.0
.1

Region and area size 2/
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........

Size B Size C -

500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M

158.5
162.9

158.9
162.7

158.7
162.5

159.7
162.9

2.8
2.3

.5
.1

.6
.2

2.7
2.3

.1
-.2

-.1
-.1

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

149.0
149.0
147.3
151.3

149.4
149.3
147.8
152.1

149.5
149.6
148.0
151.5

149.8
149.7
148.3
151.9

3.0
2.8
2.9
3.3

.3
.3
.3
-.1

.2
.1
.2
.3

2.7
2.7
2.6
2.8

.3
.4
.5
.1

.1
.2
.1
-.4

M

147.1

147.3

148.0

148.5

3.0

.8

.3

3.0

.6

.5

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

151.8
150.6
151.9
153.0

152.1
151.0
152.3
153.1

152.6
151.6
152.6
153.7

152.6
151.6
152.9
153.6

3.2
3.0
3.4
3.4

.3
.4
.4
.3

.0
.0
.2
-.1

3.2
3.0
3.2
3.4

.5
.7
.5
.5

.3
.4
.2
.4

M

152.9

153.5

153.6

152.8

3.0

-.5

-.5

3.7

.5

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

154.2
152.9
159.1

154.7
153.2
159.4

154.5
152.9
159.2

154.9
153.4
159.3

2.9
2.6
3.6

.1
.1
-.1

.3
.3
.1

2.5
2.1
3.5

.2
.0
.1

-.1
-.2
-.1

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

140.2
153.3
155.4
152.4

140.4
153.8
155.7
152.8

140.6
154.0
155.7
153.1

140.8
154.4
155.8
153.0

2.8
3.1
3.2
3.1

.3
.4
.1
.1

.1
.3
.1
-.1

2.6
3.1
3.0
3.3

.3
.5
.2
.5

.1
.1
.0
.2

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

151.5
152.4
162.2
161.3
151.9

151.9
152.3
162.8
161.3
153.0

152.6
151.5
162.8
161.7
152.9

152.7
152.3
162.8
162.1
153.4

2.7
2.0
2.8
2.3
2.7

.5
.0
.0
.5
.3

.1
.5
.0
.2
.3

2.8
1.2
2.8
2.3
2.2

.7
-.6
.4
.2
.7

.5
-.5
.0
.2
-.1

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

154.6
160.9
144.3
150.8
149.0
157.6

2.7
2.7
2.9
2.9
2.6
2.7

1.2
.1
.2
-.1
1.1
.6

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........

2
2
2

Selected local areas

148.6
147.6
142.3

152.8
160.8
144.0
151.0
147.4
156.7
-

149.6
147.1
142.2

-

-

-

-

-

3.6
2.4
1.9

.7
-.3
-.1

-

Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

2

146.5

-

146.9

-

-

-

-

2.7

.3

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-