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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI Quickline:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902

USDL-95-52
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)
Wednesday, February 15, 1995

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX--JANUARY 1995
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.4
percent before seasonal adjustment in January to a level of 150.3
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department
of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in January,
the CPI-U increased 2.8 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) increased 0.4 percent in January, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The January 1995 CPI-W level of 147.8 was 2.9 percent
higher than the index in January 1994.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent in
January, following increases of 0.1 and 0.2 percent in the 2 preceding
months. In January, the index for food declined 0.3 percent,
following an advance of 0.8 percent in December. Energy costs, which
declined slightly in December, increased 0.3 percent in January.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U increased 0.4 percent, following
a 0.1 percent rise in December. The acceleration in January reflects
a larger rise in shelter costs and upturns in the indexes for apparel
commodities, airline fares, and housefurnishings, each of which had
declined throughout most of the second half of 1994.
Table A. Percent Changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
____________________________________________________________________

|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
1995| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.|Jan.95 |Jan95
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .3
.4
.2
.1
.1
.2
.3
2.7
2.8
Food and beverages| .5
.4
.3
.0
.2
.6 -.2
2.5
2.5
Housing
| .2
.3
.2
.2
.1
.0
.4
2.2
2.4
Apparel and upkeep| -.4 -.9
.1 -.2 -.3 -.2
.7
.6
-.8
Transportation
| .7 1.0
.1 -.1
.1
.2
.6
3.9
4.3
Medical care
| .4
.4
.4
.5
.4
.5
.3
4.9
4.9
Entertainment
| .3
.0
.1
.1
.4
.1
.4
3.5
2.4
Other goods & serv| .4
.3
.1
.4
.4
.3
.0
2.6
4.0
Special indexes: |
Energy
| 1.4 1.4 -.6 -.3
.5 -.1
.3
2.7
2.9
Food
| .6
.5
.2
.1
.1
.8 -.3
2.5
2.6
AI - food & energy| .2
.3
.2
.2
.2
.1
.4
3.1
2.9
____________________________________________________________________
The food and beverage index fell 0.2 percent in January. Grocery
store food prices decreased 0.5 percent in January, following a 1.0
percent increase in December. The deceleration reflects a sharp
downturn in the index for fruits and vegetables, which declined 2.6
percent in January, following a 5.3 percent rise in December. The
index for fresh fruits and vegetables decreased 4.3 percent, more than
offsetting a 1.0 percent increase in the index for processed fruits
and vegetables. Each of the other major grocery store food groups
showed little movement in January, with the changes ranging between
negative and positive 0.2 percent. The index for cereal and bakery
products fell 0.2 percent, while the indexes for meats, poultry, fish,
and eggs, for dairy products, and for other food at home each
increased. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs turned up in
January as an increase in meat prices more than offset declines in the
indexes for poultry, eggs, and fish and seafood. Beef and pork
prices, each of which declined in 1994, rose 0.5 and 1.3 percent,
respectively. The other two components of the food and beverage
index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--each rose 0.1 percent
in January.
The housing component increased 0.4 percent in January, following
no change in December. Each of the three major housing groups

contributed to the acceleration. Shelter costs, which increased 0.1
percent in December, advanced 0.3 percent in January. Within shelter,
renters' costs rose 0.2 percent; homeowners' costs, 0.4 percent; and
maintenance and repair costs, 0.3 percent. The index for fuel and
other utilities, which declined 0.2 percent in December, increased 0.5
percent in January. The index for household fuels rose 0.2 percent,
as increases in the indexes for fuel oil and electricity--up 0.6 and
0.7 percent, respectively--more than offset an 0.8 percent decline in
the index for natural gas. The index for other utilities and public
services rose 1.0 percent in January, reflecting a sharp increase in
the index for telephone services. These charges rose 1.3 percent in
January as a 2.7 percent increase in local telephone call charges more
than offset a 4.8 percent drop in charges for intrastate toll calls.
Charges for cable television, which had declined throughout most of
1994 before turning up in November, rose 0.7 percent in January. The
index for household furnishings and operation, which was unchanged in
December, increased 0.8 percent in January, its largest monthly
advance since February 1991. Contributing to the January increase was
a 10.3 percent rise in postage fees.
The transportation index advanced 0.6 percent in January,
following an increase of 0.2 percent in December. Public
transportation costs, which declined 2.3 percent in December, rose 1.2
percent in January, reflecting an upturn in airline fares. The index
for airline fares rose 2.2 percent in January, following declines in
each of the last four months of 1994 totaling 10.8 percent. Private
transportation costs rose 0.5 percent in January, the same as in
December. The index for motor fuels rose 0.4 percent in January.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices declined 1.8 percent.
See the note on page 6, which explains the quality adjustment made to
gasoline prices in the January CPI.) The increase of 0.1 percent in
the index for new cars continues its pattern of very little movement
evident since the introduction of the 1995 models. (As of January,
the proportion of 1995 models in the index was about 80 percent of the
new car sample.) Automobile finance charges continued to increase
sharply, advancing 4.0 percent in January and 27.4 percent in the last
12 months. Used car prices also continued to rise sharply, advancing
2.6 percent in January and 11.4 percent since January 1994.
The index for apparel and upkeep, which registered declines
throughout most of the second half of 1994, turned up in January,
increasing 0.7 percent. Smaller than usual discounts on fall-winter
clothing in January, resulting from substantial discounting earlier in
the season were responsible for the January increase. (Prior to
seasonal adjustment, clothing prices fell

0.9 percent in January.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in January to a level 4.9
percent higher than a year earlier. The index for medical care
commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical
supplies--was unchanged in January. The index for medical care
services rose 0.4 percent in January. Charges for professional
services and hospital and related services increased 0.3 and 0.2
percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs increased 0.4 percent in January, following a
0.1 percent rise in December. The indexes for toys and sporting
goods and equipment and for fees for club memberships and for
instructions, which declined in December, turned up in January.
The index for other goods and services was unchanged in January.
The index for tobacco and smoking products fell 1.3 percent. (Prior
to seasonal adjustment, tobacco prices rose 0.1 percent.) An increase
in the index for personal and educational expenses, in particular, for
prices of school books and supplies offset the drop in the tobacco
index.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers also rose 0.3 percent in January.
______________________________________________________________________________
Table B.

Percent Changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
1995| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.|Jan.95 |Jan95
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .4
.3
.2
.1
.2
.2
.3
3.0
2.9
Food and beverages| .4
.4
.3
.0
.2
.6 -.2
2.5
2.4
Housing
| .1
.4
.1
.1
.2
.0
.4
2.5
2.4

Apparel and upkeep| -.3 -.8
.1 -.4 -.4 -.3
.7
.0
-.9
Transportation
| .8 1.0
.1
.0
.4
.4
.7
6.0
5.1
Medical care
| .3
.4
.4
.6
.4
.5
.3
4.8
4.9
Entertainment
| .3
.0
.0
.2
.4
.0
.4
3.3
2.3
Other goods & serv| .4
.3
.3
.3
.4
.3 -.1
2.0
3.8
Special indexes: |
Energy
| 1.4 1.7 -.6 -.4
.6 -.1
.2
2.7
3.1
Food
| .6
.4
.3
.0
.1
.7 -.1
2.8
2.5
AI - food & energy| .2
.3
.3
.2
.2
.2
.4
3.1
3.0
____________________________________________________________________

Consumer Price Index data for February will be released on
Thursday, March 16, 1995, 8:30 A.M. (EST).
QUALITY ADJUSTMENT FOR GASOLINE
A quality adjustment has been made to gasoline prices used in the
January CPI to account for the effects of the mandated introduction of
reformulated gasoline in selected areas of the United States. The
gasoline index rose 0.4 percent in January, following seasonal
adjustment. Without the quality adjustment, it is estimated that this
index would have increased 1.1 percent. In those areas required to
sell the reformulated gasoline, virtually all of the January price
quotes were for reformulated gasoline.
CPI ANNOUNCEMENT
Effective with the release of data for January 1995, on February
15, the Bureau of Labor Statistics introduced several technical
improvements in the calculation of the Consumer Price Index designed
to make the index a more accurate measure of price change. These
improvements, which stem from findings of research conducted by BLS
staff, affected the food at home, shelter, and prescription drug
components of the CPI.
The change to the food at home component improved the outlet
sample rotation process. (Approximately 20 percent of CPI outlet
samples are updated annually.) Empirical evidence had established
that the prior procedures for the routine introduction of new samples
tended to overstate price change for the newly sampled items
immediately following their introduction. Since the food at home
component of the index is particularly sensitive to this effect, new
measures designed to lessen its impact have been introduced in the

calculation of the food at home component beginning with January 1995
data.
In addition, two changes have been made in the way in which the
shelter component of the CPI is calculated. First, the imputation
formula for estimating owners' equivalent rent, which relies upon a
matching of a sample of residential rental units to a sample of
homeowner units, has been improved. Second, additional BLS research
indicated that the prior procedures, both for residential rent and for
owners' implicit rent, tended to understate the short-term rent
change. Beginning with data for January 1995, BLS has incorporated an
improved estimate. Research on this issue will continue during the
course of the upcoming CPI revision, and, if this research yields
further improvements in the estimates of rent changes, they will be
incorporated into the index as part of the revision effort.
Finally, the procedure for handling the introduction into the
index of generic versions of formerly patented drugs into the index
has been changed. The prior practice of directly comparing the prices
of patented and generic drugs only when the patented drug is no longer
available in the sampled outlet has been changed. A new procedure,
which reflects the rate at which consumers switch their purchases from
patented to generic versions of a drug, has been employed beginning
with CPI data for January 1995.
The basic research papers on these topics are available from the
BLS by calling 202-606-7000. These changes are explained more fully
in the CPI Detailed Report for October 1994.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Dec.
Jan.
1994
1994
1995

Unadjusted
percent change to
Jan. 1995 fromJan. 1994 Dec. 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromOct. to
Nov. to
Dec. to
Nov.
Dec.
Jan.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

149.7
448.4

150.3
450.3

2.8
-

0.4
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.412
15.838
9.934
1.464
2.892
1.169
2.013
2.396
.326
.249
.796
1.026
5.904
1.574

147.2
146.8
147.3
164.2
136.4
131.6
180.3
138.8
134.5
134.2
131.7
148.1
147.1
151.8

147.9
147.5
148.2
164.6
137.3
132.7
180.4
140.3
135.5
136.4
133.3
149.4
147.4
152.0

2.5
2.6
3.1
2.7
-.4
.8
6.2
6.1
.4
3.9
14.8
2.5
2.0
.7

.5
.5
.6
.2
.7
.8
.1
1.1
.7
1.6
1.2
.9
.2
.1

.2
.1
.1
-.1
.0
.3
.3
.1
-.3
.4
.2
.2
.3
.3

.6
.8
1.0
.2
-.2
-.1
5.3
.1
.4
.1
.1
-.1
.3
.0

-.2
-.3
-.5
-.2
.2
.2
-2.6
.1
-.1
.3
-.1
.3
.1
.1

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.187
28.042
7.955
5.765
2.190
19.889
19.501
.389
.198
.120

145.4
161.8
168.2
155.7
186.2
167.8
168.1
155.4
132.7
137.0

146.4
162.9
170.7
156.1
195.0
168.4
168.7
155.9
133.1
137.3

2.4
3.0
2.3
2.6
1.8
3.4
3.4
4.5
3.3
4.6

.7
.7
1.5
.3
4.7
.4
.4
.3
.3
.2

.1
.2
.3
.3
.4
.2
.2
.4
.3
.4

.0
.1
-.1
.1
-.5
.1
.1
.4
1.1
.4

.4
.3
.2
.3
.2
.4
.4
.5
.3
.2

.078
7.093
3.859

126.8
122.0
110.1

127.5
122.9
110.7

1.3
1.1
.1

.6
.7
.5

.4
.2
.5

2.0
-.2
-.5

.6
.5
.2

.360

88.4

89.4

.6

1.1

-.2

.0

-.1

3.499

117.4

118.0

.0

.5

.4

-.5

.3

3.234
6.052
3.508
1.088
1.455

150.6
120.8
110.3
132.9
139.1

152.1
121.8
110.5
133.8
142.4

2.1
1.1
-.2
1.7
3.6

1.0
.8
.2
.7
2.4

.1
-.2
-.2
-1.0
.0

.1
.0
-.1
.2
.0

1.0
.8
.2
.8
2.5

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............

5.656
5.097
1.329
2.269

130.5
127.2
125.3
125.7

129.4
126.0
124.0
123.0

-.8
-1.0
-.2
-3.1

-.8
-.9
-1.0
-2.1

-.3
-.2
-.1
-1.0

-.2
-.3
-1.1
-.1

.7
.7
1.2
.5

Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

.204
.747
.548
.559

131.3
123.6
146.5
156.4

129.0
124.0
150.1
157.0

2.7
-1.5
5.3
2.1

-1.8
.3
2.5
.4

.8
.2
.8
-.1

.5
-.2
.8
.1

.0
.9
.0
.4

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

17.139
15.623
5.059
4.052
1.318
3.106
1.536
4.604

137.1
134.9
140.1
138.5
151.5
100.4
100.2
151.9
167.6

137.3
134.9
140.6
139.0
152.4
98.7
98.4
152.0
168.8

4.3
5.2
3.3
3.2
11.4
6.6
6.8
2.6
5.8

.1
.0
.4
.4
.6
-1.7
-1.8
.1
.7

.1
.4
-.1
-.1
1.2
.7
.8
.2
.8

.2
.5
.1
.1
2.0
.2
.1
.1
.8

.6
.5
.2
.1
2.6
.4
.4
.1
.7

.618

104.3

104.2

.7

-.1

.5

.0

-.2

3.986
1.516

182.4
165.6

184.0
168.4

6.7
-3.9

.9
1.7

.8
-2.3

.9
-2.3

.8
1.2

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.266
1.291
5.974
3.416

215.3
202.9
218.2
196.0

216.6
203.1
219.8
197.2

4.9
2.7
5.5
4.7

.6
.1
.7
.6

.4
.3
.4
.4

.5
.1
.6
.5

.3
.0
.4
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.335
1.968
2.366

151.2
136.8
168.3

152.1
137.5
169.4

2.4
2.1
2.7

.6
.5
.7

.4
.2
.5

.1
.0
.1

.4
.2
.5

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.005
1.607
1.175

202.4
222.0
145.8

203.0
222.2
145.7

4.0
2.1
1.7

.3
.1
-.1

.4
.1
.3

.3
.0
.1

.0
-1.3
-.1

.622
.553
4.223
.251
3.972

142.6
149.2
229.2
207.4
231.1

142.2
149.4
230.2
211.9
231.8

1.2
2.1
5.5
4.2
5.5

-.3
.1
.4
2.2
.3

.2
.3
.6
.3
.6

.2
.0
.4
.2
.4

-.3
.1
.4
1.2
.4

100.000
43.386
17.412
25.974

149.7
135.1
147.2
127.6

150.3
135.1
147.9
127.4

2.8
2.3
2.5
2.3

.4
.0
.5
-.2

.1
.1
.2
.0

.2
.3
.6
.2

.3
.1
-.2
.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....

Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

15.375
5.097

128.1
127.2

127.5
126.0

1.7
-1.0

-.5
-.9

.1
-.2

.0
-.3

.3
.7

10.278
10.599
56.614
27.422

131.5
126.9
164.7
168.3

131.2
127.2
165.9
169.4

3.1
3.1
3.2
3.0

-.2
.2
.7
.7

.2
.2
.3
.2

-.8
.3
.1
.0

-.2
.4
.5
.3

8.731
7.038
5.974
7.450

135.9
171.1
218.2
188.9

137.2
172.6
219.8
189.7

1.7
3.3
5.5
4.1

1.0
.9
.7
.4

.3
.0
.4
.5

.0
.1
.6
.3

.7
.6
.4
.4

84.162
71.958
80.111
92.734
27.548
16.950
11.852
32.788
29.192
50.640
6.965
93.035
77.197

150.2
146.3
150.8
146.0
128.5
129.5
132.6
137.8
172.7
159.7
104.7
155.7
157.9

150.8
146.8
151.5
146.6
128.3
128.9
132.4
137.8
174.0
160.9
104.2
156.5
158.7

2.9
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.1
1.6
2.8
2.1
3.4
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.9

.4
.3
.5
.4
-.2
-.5
-.2
.0
.8
.8
-.5
.5
.5

.2
.2
.2
.1
.0
.0
.2
.2
.2
.3
.5
.1
.2

.1
.2
.2
.2
.2
.1
-.7
.2
.2
.1
-.1
.3
.1

.4
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
-.2
.1
.6
.5
.3
.3
.4

24.082
3.466
53.115

137.6
99.2
169.6

137.7
97.9
170.8

1.7
6.0
3.5

.1
-1.3
.7

.0
.6
.2

.1
.2
.2

.4
.3
.5

-

$.668
.223

$.665
.222

-2.8
-

-.4
-

-.1
-

.0

-.4
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and

commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Oct.
1994

Nov.
1994

Dec.
1994

Jan.
1995

Apr.
1994

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedJuly
Oct.
Jan.
July
Jan.
1994
1994
1995
1994
1995

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

2.8

3.0

3.0

2.7

2.9

2.8

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

146.1
145.8
145.7
164.8
136.9
131.5
167.9
139.4
135.4
135.0
132.5
148.5
146.4
151.8

146.4
146.0
145.9
164.7
136.9
131.9
168.4
139.6
135.0
135.5
132.8
148.8
146.8
152.2

147.3
147.1
147.3
165.0
136.6
131.8
177.4
139.7
135.5
135.7
132.9
148.7
147.2
152.2

147.0
146.7
146.6
164.6
136.9
132.0
172.7
139.9
135.4
136.1
132.8
149.2
147.4
152.3

.3
.6
.0
4.8
-.3
3.7
-9.2
2.8
2.7
5.0
-.7
4.8
1.4
-.3

4.0
4.3
6.0
3.0
-.9
-.9
22.3
10.0
-1.8
6.5
30.7
1.4
1.1
1.3

2.8
3.1
3.4
3.5
-.3
-1.2
2.2
10.7
.9
.9
32.9
1.9
2.5
.5

2.5
2.5
2.5
-.5
.0
1.5
11.9
1.4
.0
3.3
.9
1.9
2.8
1.3

2.1
2.4
3.0
3.9
-.6
1.4
5.4
6.3
.4
5.7
14.0
3.0
1.2
.5

2.6
2.8
2.9
1.5
-.1
.2
6.9
6.0
.4
2.1
15.8
1.9
2.6
.9

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................

145.7
161.8
169.7
155.1
197.5
167.3
167.6
154.2
130.8
135.9
123.8
122.6
110.5

145.9
162.2
170.2
155.5
198.3
167.7
168.0
154.8
131.2
136.4
124.3
122.9
111.0

145.9
162.3
170.1
155.7
197.3
167.8
168.1
155.4
132.7
137.0
126.8
122.7
110.5

146.5
162.8
170.5
156.1
197.6
168.4
168.7
156.1
133.1
137.3
127.5
123.3
110.7

2.5
3.3
2.4
2.7
2.1
3.7
3.7
3.5
4.1
6.2
1.3
2.6
2.6

2.0
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.3
2.2
2.2
5.7
3.4
6.5
-1.3
-.3
-1.4

2.8
4.1
2.9
2.9
2.5
4.9
4.9
3.7
-1.5
1.5
-6.5
-.6
-1.1

2.2
2.5
1.9
2.6
.2
2.7
2.7
5.0
7.2
4.2
12.5
2.3
.7

2.2
2.8
2.3
2.4
2.2
3.0
3.0
4.6
3.8
6.3
.0
1.1
.5

2.5
3.3
2.4
2.7
1.3
3.8
3.8
4.4
2.8
2.8
2.6
.8
-.2

87.9

87.7

87.7

87.6

9.5

-1.3

-4.0

-1.4

3.9

-2.7

Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

118.3
150.4
121.3
111.0
133.7
139.1

118.8
150.5
121.0
110.8
132.4
139.1

118.2
150.6
121.0
110.7
132.7
139.1

118.5
152.1
122.0
110.9
133.8
142.6

1.7
3.0
-.7
-1.8
.0
1.2

-1.7
1.1
2.7
3.3
1.8
1.8

-.3
.0
.0
-1.8
4.6
1.5

.7
4.6
2.3
-.4
.3
10.5

.0
2.0
1.0
.7
.9
1.5

.2
2.3
1.2
-1.1
2.4
5.9

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.8
129.5
126.6
129.5
128.8
124.5
149.5
156.4

132.4
129.2
126.5
128.2
129.8
124.8
150.7
156.3

132.1
128.8
125.1
128.1
130.4
124.5
151.9
156.4

133.0
129.7
126.6
128.8
130.4
125.6
151.9
157.0

-1.2
-1.5
-3.4
-2.4
-1.6
-2.8
9.2
2.6

1.8
1.9
3.9
-.9
10.2
-.9
9.6
2.3

-4.1
-5.1
-1.3
-7.1
-2.4
-5.6
-3.4
1.8

.6
.6
.0
-2.1
5.1
3.6
6.6
1.5

.3
.2
.2
-1.6
4.1
-1.9
9.4
2.5

-1.8
-2.3
-.6
-4.6
1.2
-1.1
1.5
1.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

136.1
133.4
139.3
137.6
144.7
100.4
100.2
151.6
164.0

136.3
134.0
139.1
137.4
146.4
101.1
101.0
151.9
165.3

136.6
134.7
139.2
137.6
149.4
101.3
101.1
152.1
166.6

137.4
135.4
139.5
137.7
153.3
101.7
101.5
152.2
167.7

5.0
4.7
4.5
4.3
3.5
5.6
5.6
2.7
4.9

4.6
5.3
4.8
4.5
7.4
9.0
9.9
1.9
4.8

4.2
4.9
3.5
3.3
10.0
6.6
6.7
4.3
4.8

3.9
6.1
.6
.3
26.0
5.3
5.3
1.6
9.3

4.8
5.0
4.6
4.4
5.5
7.3
7.7
2.3
4.9

4.0
5.5
2.0
1.8
17.7
6.0
6.0
3.0
7.0

103.4

103.9

103.9

103.7

2.0

.8

-.8

1.2

1.4

.2

178.3
171.3

179.8
167.3

181.5
163.5

182.9
165.4

5.5
6.7

5.4
-2.9

5.6
-5.6

10.7
-13.1

5.4
1.7

8.1
-9.4

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

214.3
202.5
216.8
195.2

215.2
203.2
217.7
195.9

216.2
203.4
218.9
196.8

216.9
203.5
219.8
197.3

4.9
2.4
5.5
5.4

4.5
3.5
4.8
3.6

5.4
3.0
5.9
5.1

4.9
2.0
5.7
4.4

4.7
2.9
5.2
4.5

5.2
2.5
5.8
4.7

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

150.8
136.9
167.5

151.4
137.2
168.4

151.5
137.2
168.5

152.1
137.5
169.4

2.4
2.1
2.9

3.0
3.3
2.4

.8
1.2
1.0

3.5
1.8
4.6

2.7
2.7
2.7

2.1
1.5
2.8

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care

201.7
223.2
145.3

202.5
223.5
145.7

203.1
223.5
145.8

203.0
220.7
145.7

4.6
2.4
2.5

5.4
6.2
2.2

3.4
4.4
.8

2.6
-4.4
1.1

5.0
4.3
2.4

3.0
-.1
1.0

appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

142.0
148.7
226.5
207.1
227.9

142.3
149.2
227.8
207.8
229.2

142.6
149.2
228.8
208.2
230.2

142.2
149.4
229.8
210.6
231.1

2.6
2.2
6.2
3.8
6.4

1.4
3.3
5.9
4.4
6.1

.3
1.1
3.8
1.4
4.0

.6
1.9
6.0
6.9
5.7

2.0
2.8
6.1
4.1
6.2

.4
1.5
4.9
4.1
4.8

134.7
146.1
127.8
128.8
129.5

134.9
146.4
127.8
128.9
129.2

135.3
147.3
128.0
128.9
128.8

135.5
147.0
128.4
129.3
129.7

2.8
1.2
.3
1.6
2.2
-1.5

3.0
4.0
4.0
4.2
3.2
1.9

3.0
1.8
2.8
1.3
-.3
-5.1

2.7
2.4
2.5
1.9
1.6
.6

2.9
2.6
2.1
2.9
2.7
.2

2.8
2.1
2.6
1.6
.6
-2.3

132.2
125.8
164.6
168.7

132.5
126.1
165.1
169.1

131.5
126.5
165.2
169.1

131.2
127.0
166.0
169.6

3.8
2.6
3.8
3.4

9.0
4.3
2.5
2.2

2.8
1.9
3.5
4.4

-3.0
3.9
3.4
2.2

6.4
3.4
3.1
2.8

-.2
2.9
3.5
3.3

136.4
170.1
216.8
187.8

136.8
170.1
217.7
188.7

136.8
170.2
218.9
189.2

137.8
171.3
219.8
189.9

2.1
5.2
5.5
4.7

.6
2.6
4.8
4.2

.0
2.6
5.9
2.8

4.2
2.9
5.7
4.5

1.3
3.9
5.2
4.4

2.1
2.7
5.8
3.7

150.1
145.9
150.7
145.7
128.9
130.2
133.2
137.6
172.1
159.6
105.0
155.6
158.0

150.4
146.2
151.0
145.9
128.9
130.2
133.5
137.9
172.5
160.0
105.5
155.8
158.3

150.6
146.5
151.3
146.2
129.1
130.3
132.6
138.2
172.9
160.1
105.4
156.2
158.5

151.2
147.0
151.8
146.6
129.5
130.6
132.4
138.4
174.0
160.9
105.7
156.7
159.2

3.0
2.3
2.2
2.5
1.6
1.6
3.8
1.2
4.1
3.6
3.6
2.7
2.9

3.0
3.7
3.5
3.1
4.2
3.1
7.6
3.6
2.6
2.3
3.1
3.2
3.1

2.7
1.9
2.2
2.5
1.3
.3
2.4
1.2
2.8
2.8
2.3
2.9
2.6

3.0
3.1
3.0
2.5
1.9
1.2
-2.4
2.3
4.5
3.3
2.7
2.9
3.1

3.0
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.9
2.3
5.7
2.4
3.4
3.0
3.3
2.9
3.0

2.8
2.5
2.6
2.5
1.6
.8
.0
1.8
3.7
3.1
2.5
2.9
2.8

137.8
99.1
169.3

137.8
99.7
169.7

137.9
99.9
170.0

138.4
100.2
170.8

1.2
6.1
3.9

3.3
7.7
2.7

.6
5.4
3.6

1.8
4.5
3.6

2.2
6.9
3.3

1.2
5.0
3.6

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Dec.
Jan.
1994
1994
1995

Unadjusted
percent change to
Jan. 1995 fromJan. 1994 Dec. 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromOct. to
Nov. to
Dec. to
Nov.
Dec.
Jan.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

147.2
438.6

147.8
440.2

2.9
-

0.4
-

0.2
-

0.2
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.320
17.629
11.243
1.670
3.398
1.299
2.124
2.751
.367
.286
.920
1.179
6.387
1.690

146.6
146.2
146.3
163.9
136.0
131.4
178.8
138.3
134.4
134.1
130.6
148.0
147.0
151.4

147.2
146.9
147.2
164.3
137.1
132.4
178.8
139.7
135.5
136.3
132.2
149.1
147.3
151.6

2.4
2.5
2.8
2.8
-.4
.8
5.9
5.7
.4
3.8
13.4
2.4
2.1
.7

.4
.5
.6
.2
.8
.8
.0
1.0
.8
1.6
1.2
.7
.2
.1

.2
.1
.1
-.1
-.1
.3
.2
.1
-.3
.2
.3
.2
.3
.3

.6
.7
1.0
.2
-.2
.0
5.4
.1
.3
.1
.1
.1
.2
.1

-.2
-.1
-.4
-.2
.3
.1
-2.6
.1
-.1
.2
-.1
.1
.3
.0

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................

38.759
25.753
8.073
6.615
1.458
17.491

142.7
157.7
148.5
155.4
187.2
153.1

143.5
158.6
149.9
155.7
195.3
153.6

2.4
3.1
2.4
2.5
1.7
3.4

.6
.6
.9
.2
4.3
.3

.2
.3
.3
.3
.5
.3

.0
.1
.1
.1
-.3
.1

.4
.3
.1
.2
-.3
.3

Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

17.161
.331
.189
.104

153.3
142.9
132.4
140.3

153.8
143.2
132.8
140.5

3.4
4.9
2.5
4.2

.3
.2
.3
.1

.3
.4
.3
.4

.1
.5
.8
.2

.3
.4
.3
.1

.085
7.329
3.958

121.9
121.6
109.5

122.5
122.5
110.1

.6
.8
.0

.5
.7
.5

.2
.2
.5

1.4
-.2
-.5

.5
.5
.2

.331

88.3

89.3

.4

1.1

-.1

.0

-.1

3.627

116.8

117.4

-.1

.5

.5

-.6

.3

3.372
5.676
3.432
1.122
1.122

151.1
119.7
109.1
133.3
141.5

152.4
120.5
109.2
134.1
145.6

1.9
1.1
-.2
1.8
4.4

.9
.7
.1
.6
2.9

.0
-.3
-.1
-.7
-.1

.1
.0
-.2
.3
.1

.9
.8
.2
.8
3.0

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.661
5.136
1.329
2.214
.263
.827
.503
.524

129.3
126.1
124.5
124.0
132.9
124.2
144.1
155.9

128.3
125.0
123.5
121.2
130.3
124.4
149.1
156.5

-.9
-1.2
-.5
-3.1
3.3
-2.0
4.3
2.0

-.8
-.9
-.8
-2.3
-2.0
.2
3.5
.4

-.4
-.5
-.2
-.9
.9
-.1
.4
-.1

-.3
-.2
-.9
-.2
.3
-.1
.3
.1

.7
.7
1.2
.6
-.1
.8
.3
.4

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

19.183
18.027
4.982
3.622
2.382
3.819
1.617
5.227

136.7
135.2
140.9
138.1
152.1
100.2
100.0
152.6
163.4

136.9
135.2
141.2
138.6
153.0
98.5
98.3
152.7
164.7

5.1
5.7
3.4
3.1
11.2
6.5
6.8
2.6
6.1

.1
.0
.2
.4
.6
-1.7
-1.7
.1
.8

.4
.5
-.1
-.1
1.2
.8
.8
.2
.7

.4
.6
.1
.1
1.9
.2
.1
.2
.8

.7
.6
.1
.2
2.8
.3
.4
.0
.7

.780

103.5

103.4

.5

-.1

.4

.1

-.3

4.447
1.156

178.4
162.5

180.0
164.8

7.0
-3.2

.9
1.4

.7
-1.4

.9
-1.6

.8
.7

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............

6.173
1.063

214.6
200.8

215.9
200.9

4.9
2.6

.6
.0

.4
.4

.5
.1

.3
.0

Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

5.110
2.920

217.7
196.9

219.3
198.1

5.4
4.8

.7
.6

.4
.4

.6
.4

.4
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.005
2.054
1.951

149.2
136.1
168.3

150.1
136.8
169.2

2.3
1.9
2.7

.6
.5
.5

.4
.3
.5

.0
-.1
.1

.4
.3
.5

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

6.900
2.128
1.139

200.0
222.2
146.1

200.5
222.4
146.0

3.8
2.3
1.7

.3
.1
-.1

.4
.2
.3

.3
.0
.1

-.1
-1.2
-.1

.646
.493
3.633
.220
3.413

143.5
149.2
224.9
208.5
226.5

143.1
149.5
226.0
213.4
227.2

1.5
2.1
5.6
4.0
5.6

-.3
.2
.5
2.4
.3

.2
.3
.5
.5
.5

.3
.1
.4
.2
.4

-.3
.2
.5
1.4
.4

100.000
47.499
19.320
28.180
16.400
5.136

147.2
134.8
146.6
127.6
127.7
126.1

147.8
134.9
147.2
127.4
127.0
125.0

2.9
2.5
2.4
2.7
1.8
-1.2

.4
.1
.4
-.2
-.5
-.9

.2
.1
.2
.1
.2
-.5

.2
.4
.6
.2
.0
-.2

.3
.1
-.2
.4
.2
.7

11.263
11.780
52.501
25.206

131.3
126.5
162.4
151.7

130.9
126.8
163.4
152.5

3.3
3.8
3.3
3.0

-.3
.2
.6
.5

.3
.3
.3
.3

-.8
.4
.2
.0

-.3
.6
.4
.2

8.584
7.220
5.110
6.381

124.9
169.2
217.7
185.9

126.1
170.6
219.3
186.6

1.5
4.3
5.4
4.1

1.0
.8
.7
.4

.2
.3
.4
.4

.0
.3
.6
.3

.7
.7
.4
.4

82.371
74.247
82.509
93.827
29.870
18.090
12.954

147.4
144.6
138.4
144.0
128.5
129.0
132.4

147.9
145.0
139.0
144.6
128.3
128.4
132.0

3.1
2.8
2.9
2.8
2.6
1.7
3.0

.3
.3
.4
.4
-.2
-.5
-.3

.3
.2
.2
.2
.2
.1
.2

.1
.3
.3
.2
.2
.0
-.7

.4
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
-.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......

Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

35.719
27.295
47.390
7.777
92.223
74.594

137.4
154.0
157.6
104.2
153.3
155.1

137.4
155.2
158.6
103.6
154.0
155.8

2.1
3.6
3.1
3.1
2.9
3.0

.0
.8
.6
-.6
.5
.5

.2
.3
.3
.6
.2
.2

.3
.3
.1
-.1
.3
.2

.1
.6
.4
.2
.3
.4

25.720
4.150
48.874

137.1
99.4
167.5

137.1
98.0
168.5

2.0
6.1
3.6

.0
-1.4
.6

.1
.7
.3

.1
.2
.2

.4
.3
.5

-

$.679
.228

$.677
.227

-2.9
-

-.3
-

-.1
-

.0

-.3
-

-

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Oct.
1994

Nov.
1994

Dec.
1994

Jan.
1995

Apr.
1994

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedJuly
Oct.
Jan.
July
Jan.
1994
1994
1995
1994
1995

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................

145.7
145.2
145.0
164.5
136.8
131.2
167.3

146.0
145.4
145.1
164.4
136.6
131.6
167.7

146.9
146.4
146.5
164.7
136.3
131.6
176.7

146.6
146.2
145.9
164.3
136.7
131.7
172.1

2.5

3.4

2.8

3.0

2.9

2.9

.3
.3
.0
4.8
-.3
3.7
-9.5

3.7
4.3
5.8
3.3
-1.4
-.9
21.8

2.8
2.8
3.1
3.5
.3
-1.5
1.9

2.5
2.8
2.5
-.5
-.3
1.5
12.0

2.0
2.3
2.8
4.0
-.9
1.4
5.0

2.6
2.8
2.8
1.5
.0
.0
6.8

Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

138.8
135.5
135.0
131.3
148.2
146.3
151.3

139.0
135.1
135.3
131.7
148.5
146.7
151.7

139.2
135.5
135.5
131.8
148.6
147.0
151.9

139.3
135.3
135.8
131.7
148.8
147.4
151.9

2.5
2.4
5.6
-1.4
4.5
1.4
-.8

9.0
-1.8
6.2
27.7
1.6
1.4
1.3

10.1
1.5
.9
29.8
1.6
2.5
.8

1.4
-.6
2.4
1.2
1.6
3.0
1.6

5.7
.3
5.9
12.2
3.0
1.4
.3

5.7
.4
1.6
14.6
1.6
2.8
1.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

142.7
157.6
149.1
154.8
197.8
152.6
152.8
141.6
131.0
139.5
120.0
122.2
109.8

143.0
158.1
149.6
155.2
198.8
153.0
153.2
142.1
131.4
140.0
120.2
122.5
110.3

143.0
158.2
149.7
155.4
198.3
153.1
153.3
142.8
132.4
140.3
121.9
122.2
109.8

143.6
158.6
149.9
155.7
197.8
153.6
153.8
143.4
132.8
140.5
122.5
122.8
110.0

2.6
3.4
2.8
2.9
2.1
3.8
3.8
3.6
1.2
5.1
-2.9
2.3
1.8

2.0
2.3
2.2
1.8
3.1
2.4
2.4
7.5
4.4
7.5
.7
-.7
-1.4

2.6
4.2
2.5
2.9
1.8
4.9
4.9
3.8
-1.2
1.2
-3.6
-.3
-1.1

2.5
2.6
2.2
2.3
.0
2.6
2.6
5.2
5.6
2.9
8.6
2.0
.7

2.3
2.9
2.5
2.4
2.6
3.1
3.1
5.5
2.8
6.3
-1.1
.8
.2

2.6
3.4
2.3
2.6
.9
3.7
3.7
4.5
2.1
2.0
2.3
.8
-.2

87.7

87.6

87.6

87.5

9.0

-1.3

-4.4

-.9

3.7

-2.7

117.6
150.9
120.0
109.6
133.8
141.4

118.2
150.9
119.7
109.5
132.8
141.3

117.5
151.1
119.7
109.3
133.2
141.4

117.8
152.4
120.7
109.5
134.2
145.7

1.4
3.0
-1.0
-2.2
.0
1.7

-1.7
.5
2.7
3.3
2.1
2.3

-.3
.0
.3
-1.4
4.0
1.4

.7
4.0
2.4
-.4
1.2
12.7

-.2
1.7
.8
.5
1.1
2.0

.2
2.0
1.3
-.9
2.6
6.9

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.5
128.6
125.7
128.0
130.3
125.3
148.6
156.0

131.0
128.0
125.4
126.8
131.5
125.2
149.2
155.8

130.6
127.7
124.3
126.5
131.9
125.1
149.6
155.9

131.5
128.6
125.8
127.3
131.8
126.1
150.1
156.5

-1.2
-1.8
-4.1
-2.7
-.3
-3.1
12.2
2.1

1.5
1.6
5.2
.0
12.1
-1.6
.0
2.4

-4.1
-4.8
-3.1
-7.4
-2.4
-5.5
1.4
2.3

.0
.0
.3
-2.2
4.7
2.6
4.1
1.3

.2
-.2
.5
-1.4
5.7
-2.3
5.9
2.2

-2.1
-2.4
-1.4
-4.8
1.1
-1.6
2.7
1.8

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................

135.2
133.4
140.0
137.2
145.3

135.7
134.1
139.8
137.1
147.0

136.3
134.9
140.0
137.2
149.8

137.2
135.7
140.1
137.5
154.0

4.7
4.1
4.8
4.3
3.2

5.3
6.3
5.4
4.5
7.4

4.9
5.3
2.9
3.0
9.6

6.0
7.1
.3
.9
26.2

5.0
5.2
5.1
4.4
5.3

5.5
6.2
1.6
1.9
17.6

Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

100.3
100.1
152.3
160.1

101.1
100.9
152.6
161.2

101.3
101.0
152.9
162.5

101.6
101.4
152.9
163.6

5.1
5.6
2.4
4.5

9.0
9.9
2.7
5.8

7.1
6.2
3.8
4.9

5.3
5.3
1.6
9.0

7.0
7.7
2.6
5.1

6.2
5.8
2.7
6.9

102.7

103.1

103.2

102.9

1.6

.4

-.8

.8

1.0

.0

174.4
166.7

175.7
164.3

177.3
161.6

178.8
162.8

5.1
5.1

6.5
-3.9

6.2
-4.7

10.5
-9.0

5.8
.5

8.3
-6.9

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

213.6
200.3
216.4
196.1

214.5
201.2
217.3
196.9

215.5
201.4
218.5
197.7

216.1
201.3
219.3
198.3

4.7
2.1
5.5
5.6

4.5
2.9
4.8
3.6

5.6
3.3
5.9
5.3

4.8
2.0
5.5
4.6

4.6
2.5
5.2
4.6

5.2
2.6
5.7
4.9

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

148.9
136.2
167.3

149.5
136.6
168.2

149.5
136.4
168.4

150.1
136.8
169.2

2.2
2.1
2.4

3.0
3.0
2.9

.8
.9
.7

3.3
1.8
4.6

2.6
2.5
2.7

2.0
1.3
2.7

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

199.2
223.2
145.5

200.0
223.6
145.9

200.5
223.6
146.1

200.2
220.9
146.0

4.4
2.4
2.8

5.4
6.8
1.7

3.5
4.0
1.1

2.0
-4.1
1.4

4.9
4.6
2.2

2.8
-.1
1.2

142.8
148.6
222.3
207.8
223.6

143.1
149.1
223.5
208.9
224.8

143.5
149.2
224.4
209.3
225.8

143.1
149.5
225.6
212.3
226.8

3.4
2.2
6.3
4.0
6.5

.8
2.7
6.0
4.7
6.0

.8
1.1
3.9
-1.1
4.2

.8
2.4
6.1
8.9
5.8

2.1
2.5
6.2
4.4
6.2

.8
1.8
5.0
3.8
5.0

134.4
145.7
127.5
128.3
128.6

134.6
146.0
127.6
128.5
128.0

135.1
146.9
127.8
128.5
127.7

135.3
146.6
128.3
128.8
128.6

2.5
1.2
.3
1.9
2.6
-1.8

3.4
4.3
3.7
4.5
3.2
1.6

2.8
1.8
2.8
1.6
.0
-4.8

3.0
2.7
2.5
2.5
1.6
.0

2.9
2.7
2.0
3.2
2.9
-.2

2.9
2.3
2.6
2.1
.8
-2.4

132.0
125.0
162.0
151.8

132.4
125.4
162.5
152.2

131.3
125.9
162.8
152.2

130.9
126.7
163.5
152.5

4.2
2.0
3.6
3.8

10.4
5.3
2.8
2.4

2.5
2.6
3.3
4.1

-3.3
5.6
3.8
1.9

7.2
3.6
3.2
3.1

-.5
4.1
3.5
2.9

125.4
167.5

125.7
168.0

125.7
168.5

126.6
169.6

1.9
4.5

.3
4.0

.0
3.7

3.9
5.1

1.1
4.2

1.9
4.4

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................

Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

216.4
184.7

217.3
185.5

218.5
186.1

219.3
186.9

5.5
4.5

4.8
4.5

5.9
2.9

5.5
4.9

5.2
4.5

5.7
3.9

146.9
144.1
138.1
143.6
128.6
129.7
133.0
137.2
153.3
157.4
104.6
152.9
155.0

147.3
144.4
138.4
143.9
128.8
129.8
133.3
137.5
153.8
157.8
105.2
153.2
155.3

147.5
144.8
138.8
144.2
129.0
129.8
132.4
137.9
154.2
157.9
105.1
153.6
155.6

148.1
145.3
139.2
144.7
129.4
130.1
132.0
138.0
155.2
158.6
105.3
154.1
156.2

3.1
2.3
2.4
2.3
1.6
2.2
4.1
1.2
3.8
3.7
3.6
2.4
2.9

3.1
3.7
3.6
3.4
4.2
3.1
8.6
3.9
2.9
2.3
3.1
3.2
3.2

2.8
2.3
2.4
2.5
1.6
.3
2.4
1.2
2.7
3.1
3.1
2.9
2.9

3.3
3.4
3.2
3.1
2.5
1.2
-3.0
2.4
5.1
3.1
2.7
3.2
3.1

3.1
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.7
6.3
2.5
3.4
3.0
3.4
2.8
3.1

3.0
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.0
.8
-.3
1.8
3.8
3.1
2.9
3.1
3.0

137.0
99.4
167.1

137.1
100.1
167.6

137.3
100.3
167.9

137.8
100.6
168.7

.9
5.6
4.0

3.6
7.7
3.0

.9
6.3
3.7

2.4
4.9
3.9

2.2
6.6
3.5

1.6
5.6
3.8

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

U.S. city average ......................

Pricing
schedule
1/

M

Indexes
Oct.
1994

149.5

Nov.
1994

149.7

Dec.
1994

149.7

Jan.
1995

150.3

Percent change to
Jan. 1995 fromJan.
Nov.
Dec.
1994
1994
1994

2.8

0.4

0.4

Percent change to
Dec. 1994 fromDec.
Oct.
Nov.
1993
1994
1994

2.7

0.1

0.0

Region and area size 2/
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

156.4
157.2
154.6
154.3

156.7
157.2
154.8
155.4

156.3
156.6
155.3
155.0

157.1
157.7
155.4
155.7

2.5
2.6
1.9
2.9

.3
.3
.4
.2

.5
.7
.1
.5

2.4
2.2
2.4
2.6

-.1
-.4
.5
.5

-.3
-.4
.3
-.3

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

145.3
146.2
144.4
146.9

145.8
146.8
144.5
147.4

145.7
146.8
144.1
147.1

146.1
147.3
144.4
147.4

3.3
3.4
2.3
3.5

.2
.3
-.1
.0

.3
.3
.2
.2

3.2
3.2
2.9
3.3

.3
.4
-.2
.1

-.1
.0
-.3
-.2

M

140.9

141.3

141.2

141.5

3.5

.1

.2

3.2

.2

-.1

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

145.9
145.9
148.2
145.0

146.0
145.9
148.4
145.0

146.1
146.0
148.4
145.3

146.7
146.6
148.9
145.7

2.9
2.6
3.1
3.3

.5
.5
.3
.5

.4
.4
.3
.3

2.7
2.3
3.2
3.1

.1
.1
.1
.2

.1
.1
.0
.2

M

144.1

144.3

144.3

145.2

3.1

.6

.6

2.6

.1

.0

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

151.0
152.1
152.7

151.1
151.9
153.8

151.2
152.2
153.3

152.0
152.9
154.1

2.6
2.1
4.3

.6
.7
.2

.5
.5
.5

2.3
1.8
4.5

.1
.1
.4

.1
.2
-.3

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

135.5
149.2
148.4
145.0

135.6
149.4
148.9
145.3

135.6
149.4
148.8
145.3

136.2
149.9
149.3
145.9

2.6
2.8
3.5
3.3

.4
.3
.3
.4

.4
.3
.3
.4

2.3
3.0
3.3
2.8

.1
.1
.3
.2

.0
.0
-.1
.0

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

149.4
153.4
159.5
156.6
149.4

150.4
152.9
159.4
156.7
149.8

150.5
153.4
158.9
155.4
149.4

151.8
154.3
159.9
156.6
150.3

3.6
1.4
2.5
2.7
1.9

.9
.9
.3
-.1
.3

.9
.6
.6
.8
.6

3.0
1.0
2.1
2.7
1.6

.7
.0
-.4
-.8
.0

.1
.3
-.3
-.8
-.3

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

148.7
158.0
146.6
147.3
142.9
153.8

3.4
2.9
2.9
4.5
3.1
1.9

.1
.8
.4
1.9
-.3
.5

Selected local areas

-

148.6
156.7
146.0
144.5
143.3
153.0

-

-

-

-

-

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

2
2
2
2

142.8
145.7
139.3
146.4

-

141.9
145.5
137.8
146.5

-

-

-

-

2.2
3.8
1.0
3.8

-.6
-.1
-1.1
.1

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Jan. 1995 fromJan.
Nov.
Dec.
1994
1994
1994

Percent change to
Dec. 1994 fromDec.
Oct.
Nov.
1993
1994
1994

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

147.0

147.3

147.2

147.8

2.9

0.3

0.4

2.7

0.1

-0.1

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

154.1
153.8
152.6
156.0

154.3
153.8
152.6
157.1

154.0
153.3
153.1
156.7

154.8
154.3
153.3
157.4

2.7
2.7
2.0
3.1

.3
.3
.5
.2

.5
.7
.1
.4

2.4
2.3
2.5
2.7

-.1
-.3
.3
.4

-.2
-.3
.3
-.3

North Central urban ....................

M

142.2

142.8

142.7

143.0

3.2

.1

.2

3.3

.4

-.1

Oct.
1994

Nov.
1994

Dec.
1994

Jan.
1995

Region and area size 2/

Size
Size
Size
Size

A
B
C
D

-

More than 1,200,000 ........
360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M

142.4
140.9
144.4

143.1
141.0
144.8

143.1
140.6
144.6

143.5
140.9
144.9

3.4
2.5
3.5

.3
-.1
.1

.3
.2
.2

3.3
3.0
3.3

.5
-.2
.1

.0
-.3
-.1

M

139.4

139.9

139.7

139.8

3.3

-.1

.1

3.0

.2

-.1

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

144.6
144.3
144.9
145.0

144.8
144.3
145.2
145.1

144.9
144.3
145.3
145.3

145.3
144.8
145.6
145.7

3.0
2.7
3.2
3.5

.3
.3
.3
.4

.3
.3
.2
.3

2.9
2.3
3.3
3.2

.2
.0
.3
.2

.1
.0
.1
.1

M

144.4

144.7

144.7

145.6

3.2

.6

.6

2.7

.2

.0

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

148.1
147.6
150.0

148.2
147.6
151.1

148.5
147.9
150.7

149.2
148.5
151.4

2.7
2.2
4.1

.7
.6
.2

.5
.4
.5

2.4
1.9
4.3

.3
.2
.5

.2
.2
-.3

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

134.6
146.6
147.7
144.3

134.8
146.8
148.2
144.8

134.7
146.9
148.1
144.8

135.3
147.3
148.6
145.2

2.7
2.9
3.5
3.3

.4
.3
.3
.3

.4
.3
.3
.3

2.4
3.0
3.3
2.9

.1
.2
.3
.3

-.1
.1
-.1
.0

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

144.6
148.0
156.0
156.1
147.0

145.7
147.7
155.9
156.1
147.6

145.8
148.1
155.4
155.1
147.4

147.1
149.0
156.3
156.4
148.2

3.6
1.5
2.6
2.8
2.0

1.0
.9
.3
.2
.4

.9
.6
.6
.8
.5

2.9
1.0
2.2
2.6
1.9

.8
.1
-.4
-.6
.3

.1
.3
-.3
-.6
-.1

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

147.7
157.0
139.0
145.3
142.3
151.2

3.5
3.0
2.9
4.8
3.3
2.0

.1
.8
.1
1.8
-.4
.4

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

Selected local areas

142.4
141.1
139.0
140.1

147.6
155.8
138.8
142.7
142.9
150.6
-

141.7
141.0
137.8
140.3

-

-

-

-

2.2
3.9
1.3
3.8

-.5
-.1
-.9
.1

-

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.