View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
USDL-97-93
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
Wednesday, March 19, 1997
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

FEBRUARY 1997

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.3
percent before seasonal adjustment in February to a level of 159.6 (198284=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today. For the 12-month period ended in February, the CPI-U
increased 3.0 percent.
The Consumer
(CPI-W) also rose
The February 1997
index in February

Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
0.3 percent in February, prior to seasonal adjustment.
CPI-W level of 156.8 was 3.0 percent higher than the
1996.

CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent in
February, following an increase of 0.1 percent in January. The food
index, which declined 0.3 percent in January, advanced 0.3 percent in
February. The index for grocery store food prices increased 0.5 percent,
reflecting an 8.9 percent rise in the index for fresh vegetables. The
energy index--up 0.3 percent in February--continued to increase, but by
less than in recent months. The index for petroleum-based energy turned
down in February, declining 0.2 percent, while the index for energy
services rose 0.7 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.2
percent. This compares with a 0.1 percent rise in January, but was the
same as the average monthly increase in all of 1996.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
1997
3-mos. ended ended

Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb.
97
All Items
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
.1
.3
Food and beverages .4
.5
.5
.4
.0 -.2
.3
Housing
.2
.2
.3
.3
.2
.3
.3
Apparel and upkeep -.9
.5
.2
.3
.1
.4
.2
Transportation
.0
.5
.3
.3
.6 -.2 -.1
Medical care
.2
.3
.2
.3
.2
.2
.2
Entertainment
.2
.1
.3
.2
.3
.0
.2
Other goods
and services
.4
.1
.3
.4
.1
.4
.5
Special Indexes:
Energy
-.2
.2 1.1 1.2 1.5
.8
.3
Food
.4
.5
.5
.4
.0 -.3
.3
All items less
food and energy
.1
.3
.2
.2
.2
.1
.2

Feb. '97

Feb.'97

2.5
.5
3.1
2.8
1.4
2.3
2.0

3.0
3.7
3.0
.5
3.1
2.9
2.2

3.9

3.8

10.8
.3

7.8
3.8

2.2

2.5

The food and beverage index increased 0.3 percent in February. The
index for grocery store food prices, which fell 0.6 percent in January,
increased 0.5 percent in February. The February food advance reflects a
sharp upturn in the index for fruits and vegetables, which rose 3.0 percent
after declining 2.0 percent in January. The index for fresh vegetables
increased 8.9 percent as a result of a late January freeze in the
Southeastern part of the country. The index for fresh fruits increased 1.3
percent, while the index for processed fruits and vegetables declined
slightly. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, fresh fruit prices fell 3.2
percent.) The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs declined for the
second consecutive month--down 0.2 percent in February. In this group,
prior to seasonal adjustment, price declines were registered for beef,
pork, poultry, fish and seafood, and eggs. The 1.1 percent decrease in the
index for dairy products was the fourth consecutive month in which the
index failed to advance after increases totaling 8.5 percent in the
preceding five-month period. The indexes for cereal and bakery products
and for other food at home increased 0.1 and 0.2 percent, respectively.
The other two components of the food and beverage index--restaurant meals
and alcoholic beverages--each increased 0.2 percent.
The housing component rose 0.3 percent in February. Shelter costs
also increased 0.3 percent. Within shelter, renters' costs and homeowners'
costs each rose 0.3 percent, and maintenance and repair costs increased 0.6
percent. The rise in renters' costs reflected a 0.9 percent increase in
the index for other renters' costs; residential rents rose 0.1 percent.
The index for fuel and other utilities rose 0.3 percent in February. The
index for household fuels increased 0.5 percent, as a 1.6 percent decline

in fuel oil prices partially offset increases in charges for natural gas
and electricity of 1.2 and 0.5 percent, respectively. For the 12-month
period ended in February, charges for natural gas have increased 14.4
percent. In February, the index for other utilities and public services
was unchanged. The index for household furnishings and operation, which
declined 0.2 percent in January, increased 0.2 percent in February,
reflecting a return to regular prices after widespread sales in January.
The transportation component, which declined 0.2 percent in January,
fell 0.1 percent in February.
Public transportation costs fell sharply
for the second consecutive month. The index for airline fares, which
increased 2.3 percent in December, fell 3.2 percent in January and 2.6
percent in February. The declines in early 1997 reflect, in part, the
lapse of the 10 percent federal tax on airline fares on January 1; the tax
was reimposed effective March 7. The index for gasoline, which had
advanced 6.6 percent in the preceding four months, was unchanged in
February. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices declined 0.5
percent in February.)
The index for gasoline prices has risen 13.3
percent in the last 14 months, and as of February was 5.4 percent below its
peak level of December 1990. New vehicle purchase costs continued to show
little change in February; the index for new vehicle prices was unchanged,
while automobile finance charges increased 0.2 percent. The index for used
cars increased 0.5 percent in February. (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
used car prices fell 0.2 percent.)
The index for apparel and upkeep increased for the sixth consecutive
month in February--up 0.2 percent. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, clothing
prices rose 1.9 percent in February, reflecting the introduction of higherpriced spring-summer wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in February to a level 2.9 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.3 percent.
The index for medical care services rose 0.2 percent. Charges for
professional services and hospital and related services each increased 0.1
percent.
Entertainment costs, which were unchanged on average in January, rose
0.2 percent in February, principally as a result of a 0.8 percent increase
in the index for admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting
events.
The index for other goods and services rose 0.5 percent in February.
Increases in the indexes for tobacco and smoking products and for personal
expenses-up 0.6 and 0.8 percent, respectively-were largely responsible for

the February rise in this major group.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.2 percent in February.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
1997
3-mos. ended ended
Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb.
Feb. '97 Feb. '97
All Items
.1
.3
.4
.3
.3
.1
.2
2.3
3.0
Food and beverages .4
.4
.5
.4
.1 -.2
.2
.3
3.8
Housing
.2
.1
.3
.3
.2
.3
.2
2.9
3.0
Apparel and upkeep-1.0
.5
.2
.3
.1
.4
.4
3.4
.7
Transportation
.0
.4
.4
.3
.6
.0
.0
2.5
3.1
Medical care
.2
.3
.2
.3
.2
.2
.2
2.3
2.9
Entertainment
.3
.1
.3
.3
.3
.0
.1
1.8
2.1
Other goods
and services
.3
.2
.3
.4
.0
.6
.4
4.1
3.7
Special Indexes:
Energy
-.3
.1 1.2 1.4 1.5
.9
.3
11.2
8.2
Food
.4
.4
.6
.3
.1 -.3
.3
.3
3.8
All items less
food and energy
.1
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
2.2
2.4

After seasonal adjustment, the level of the CPI-U for All Items was
159.8 in February; the seasonally adjusted CPI-W for All Items was 156.9.
Beginning with January 1997 data, BLS is reporting the level of the
seasonally adjusted U.S. City Average All Items CPI-U and CPI-W in this
monthly news release. Effective with the release of January 1998 data in
February 1998, the seasonally adjusted All Items indexes will be fully
integrated into the releases, appearing in tables 2 and 5 and in the text
where relevant.
Like other seasonally adjusted CPI data, the All Items index levels
are subject to revision for up to five years after their original release.
For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in escalation

agreements.
Consumer Price Index data for March are scheduled for release on
Tuesday, April 15, 1997, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes
seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each
month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy,
seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred since they
eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
same time and in about the same magnitude every year--such
as price movements resulting from changing climatic
conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays,
and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements
and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to
the Consumer Price Index unadjusted for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally
adjusted indexes are derived by the X-11-ARIMA Seasonal
Adjustment Method (1988). The updated seasonal data at the
end of 1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977.
Subsequent annual updates have replaced 5 years of seasonal
data, e.g., data from 1992 through 1996 were replaced at the
end of 1996. The seasonal movement of all items and 47
other aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal
movement of 60 selected components. Each year the seasonal
status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain
statistical criteria. If any of the 60 components change
their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to
not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will
be used for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted
indexes will be used before that period.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors
for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention

Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.
Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme values
and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal
pattern are estimated and removed from the data prior to
calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the
calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA
software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment.
For the fuel oil and the motor fuels indexes, this
procedure was used to offset the effects that extreme price
volatility would otherwise have had on the estimates of
seasonally adjusted data for those series. For some women's
apparel indexes and the girls' apparel index, the procedure
was used to offset the effects of changes in pricing
methodology. For the tobacco and smoking products index,
this procedure was used to offset the effects of increases
in excise taxes and wholesale tobacco prices. For some
alcoholic beverage series, Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment was used to offset the effects of excise tax
increases. For the nonalcoholic beverages index, the
procedure was used to offset the effects of a large increase
in coffee prices due to adverse weather. For the water and
sewerage maintenance index, the procedure was used to
account for a data collection anomaly.
A description of Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment, as well as a list of unusual events modeled and
seasonal factors for these items, may be obtained by writing
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or by calling Claire
McAnaw Gallagher on (202) 606-6968.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Jan.
Feb.
1996
1997
1997
Expenditure category

Unadjusted
percent change to
Feb. 1997 fromFeb. 1996 Jan. 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromNov. to
Dec. to
Jan. to
Dec.
Jan.
Feb.

All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

159.1
476.7

159.6
478.2

3.0
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products 1/ ..................
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.484
15.913
10.040
1.479
3.002
1.245
1.974
2.340
.331
.246
.724
1.039
5.873
1.571

156.9
156.5
157.9
176.5
149.6
147.8
187.3
144.8
146.9
142.3
128.3
159.4
155.3
161.1

156.9
156.5
157.7
176.7
148.8
146.2
187.4
145.4
147.2
142.7
128.5
160.6
155.6
161.8

3.7
3.8
4.2
2.7
4.5
6.6
5.5
2.5
4.0
2.1
-1.1
4.7
3.1
3.3

.0
.0
-.1
.1
-.5
-1.1
.1
.4
.2
.3
.2
.8
.2
.4

.0
.0
-.1
.2
.6
-.5
-1.5
.3
.6
.1
.2
.3
.2
.3

-.2
-.3
-.6
-.2
-.4
-.5
-2.0
.1
.6
-.1
.2
-.1
.3
.2

.3
.3
.5
.1
-.2
-1.1
3.0
.2
.0
.1
-.5
.8
.2
.2

Housing 2/ ...............................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs 4/ ............
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services 4/ .............

41.203
28.194
7.994
5.731
2.263
20.000
19.616
.383
.200

155.1
173.6
182.7
164.4
217.3
179.1
179.5
162.6
141.5

155.8
174.6
185.3
164.8
226.4
179.5
179.9
163.8
142.3

3.0
3.1
3.6
2.7
5.7
2.8
2.8
3.3
3.9

.5
.6
1.4
.2
4.2
.2
.2
.7
.6

.2
.2
.1
.2
-.2
.2
.2
-1.2
.3

.3
.3
.6
.2
1.4
.2
.2
.2
.0

.3
.3
.3
.1
.9
.3
.3
.9
.6

.123

148.2

148.4

3.8

.1

.3

.1

.1

.077
7.102
3.878

132.5
130.8
119.1

133.9
131.0
119.2

4.0
4.8
6.0

1.1
.2
.1

.2
.5
.8

-.1
.7
1.0

1.1
.3
.5

.424

111.5

109.6

12.2

-1.7

2.9

-1.2

-1.9

3.453

124.9

125.3

5.2

.3

.4

1.4

.7

3.224
5.908
3.332
1.093
1.482

159.7
124.9
110.8
142.3
149.6

160.2
125.2
111.2
142.5
149.9

3.4
.7
-.2
1.5
2.5

.3
.2
.4
.1
.2

.3
.2
.2
.0
.3

.3
-.2
-.4
.4
-.5

.0
.2
.2
.1
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities 4/ .................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities 4/..........
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................

5.330
4.786
1.280
2.102
.186
.718
.500
.545

129.6
125.8
127.0
121.5
127.9
125.0
145.6
161.7

131.9
128.2
127.3
126.1
127.2
126.3
146.9
162.2

.5
.3
.7
1.2
-5.4
.4
-1.9
2.3

1.8
1.9
.2
3.8
-.5
1.0
.9
.3

.1
.0
-.5
.7
.2
.3
-1.9
.4

.4
.5
1.0
.6
.8
-.8
.1
.1

.2
.2
-.9
.7
-.5
.2
.7
.3

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation 4/.......
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................
Public transportation ..................

17.140
15.499
4.955
3.952
1.278
3.171
1.533
4.562

145.0
141.8
145.4
143.0
154.7
108.6
107.9
161.1
176.2

144.8
141.9
145.4
142.9
154.4
108.1
107.4
161.2
177.1

3.1
3.2
1.3
1.1
-2.0
10.1
9.8
2.9
2.3

-.1
.1
.0
-.1
-.2
-.5
-.5
.1
.5

.6
.6
.1
.1
-.4
2.5
2.5
.2
.0

-.2
.1
-.2
-.2
.1
.6
.7
.4
-.1

-.1
.2
.0
.0
.5
.0
.0
-.1
.5

.589

105.2

105.4

.0

.2

-.1

-.2

.3

3.973
1.642

193.0
185.8

194.1
182.4

2.6
2.8

.6
-1.8

.0
1.4

-.1
-2.9

.6
-2.0

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.346
1.273
6.073
3.472

231.8
212.8
236.3
212.2

232.7
213.9
237.1
213.2

2.9
2.6
3.0
3.4

.4
.5
.3
.5

.2
.1
.2
.2

.2
.2
.2
.4

.2
.3
.2
.1

Entertainment 4/ .........................
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........
Entertainment services 4/ ..............

4.352
1.957
2.395

161.3
144.2
181.3

161.8
144.3
182.1

2.2
1.3
2.9

.3
.1
.4

.3
.3
.3

.0
-.3
.2

.2
.1
.3

Other goods and services 2/ ..............
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 1/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................
Personal care services 1/ ............
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services 4/ .

7.145
1.601
1.145

220.0
236.4
151.6

220.7
237.4
151.5

3.8
3.3
1.5

.3
.4
-.1

.1
-.3
-.5

.4
.4
.7

.5
.6
-.1

.588
.557
4.398
.264
4.134

143.6
160.7
254.0
234.5
255.8

143.3
160.7
255.0
235.3
256.7

-.6
3.5
4.6
4.7
4.6

-.2
.0
.4
.3
.4

-1.3
.4
.4
.4
.4

.6
.9
.3
-.1
.4

-.2
.0
.6
.4
.6

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted) - Continued
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Jan.
Feb.
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
Feb. 1997 fromFeb. 1996 Jan. 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromNov. to
Dec. to
Jan. to
Dec.
Jan.
Feb.

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities 4/ .............
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

100.000
42.873
17.484
25.389
15.147
4.786

159.1
141.5
156.9
132.1
133.8
125.8

159.6
141.8
156.9
132.6
134.6
128.2

3.0
2.8
3.7
2.1
3.3
.3

.3
.2
.0
.4
.6
1.9

.3
.2
.0
.3
.7
.0

.1
.0
-.2
.2
.1
.5

.3
.2
.3
.1
.3
.2

10.362
10.242
57.127
27.577

141.0
129.7
177.0
180.6

141.0
129.8
177.7
181.6

4.8
.3
3.2
3.0

.0
.1
.4
.6

1.1
.1
.3
.2

.3
-.2
.2
.3

.1
.1
.2
.3

8.698
7.148
6.073
7.631

144.6
183.5
236.3
205.9

145.0
183.4
237.1
206.7

3.9
2.7
3.0
3.9

.3
-.1
.3
.4

.2
.4
.2
.3

.6
-.7
.2
.3

.4
-.1
.2
.4

84.087
71.806
80.000
92.654
26.960
16.718
11.932
32.631
29.550
51.054

159.6
155.0
160.2
155.0
133.3
135.4
142.0
145.5
185.9
171.5

160.2
155.3
160.8
155.5
133.8
136.2
142.1
145.9
186.4
172.2

2.9
3.0
3.1
3.0
2.1
3.3
4.6
3.5
3.4
3.2

.4
.2
.4
.3
.4
.6
.1
.3
.3
.4

.3
.3
.3
.3
.4
.7
.7
.3
.3
.3

.2
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.2

.2
.2
.2
.3
.1
.2
.1
.3
.2
.2

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........
Services less medical care services ........

Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................
1/
2/
3/
4/
NOTE:

7.049
92.951
77.038

113.3
165.3
167.5

113.1
165.9
168.3

7.8
2.7
2.5

-.2
.4
.5

1.5
.1
.2

.8
.1
.1

.3
.2
.2

23.364
3.596
53.674

141.5
109.2
182.4

142.2
108.6
183.1

1.0
10.5
3.1

.5
-.5
.4

.1
2.6
.3

.1
.4
.1

.1
-.2
.3

-

$.628
.210

$.626
.209

-2.9
-

-.3
-

.0
-

-.5
-

-.3
-

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Nov.
1996

Dec.
1996

Jan.
1997

Feb.
1997

May
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedAug.
Nov.
Feb.
Aug.
Feb.
1996
1996
1997
1996
1997

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products 1/ ....................
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................

156.6
156.4
157.8
176.3
148.4
149.3
188.7
144.0
145.2

156.6
156.4
157.7
176.6
149.3
148.6
185.9
144.4
146.0

156.3
156.0
156.7
176.3
148.7
147.8
182.2
144.5
146.9

156.8
156.5
157.5
176.4
148.4
146.2
187.7
144.8
146.9

3.7

2.3

3.6

2.5

3.0

3.1

3.2
3.2
3.5
4.3
.0
1.2
10.0
3.1
4.6

5.9
6.2
8.4
2.1
11.4
22.0
7.7
1.7
4.0

5.3
5.3
6.0
4.4
7.0
13.6
6.4
2.5
2.2

.5
.3
-.8
.2
.0
-8.1
-2.1
2.2
4.8

4.5
4.7
5.9
3.2
5.6
11.1
8.8
2.4
4.3

2.9
2.7
2.6
2.3
3.5
2.2
2.1
2.4
3.5

Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

141.8
127.5
159.1
154.6
160.6

142.0
127.7
159.6
154.9
161.1

141.9
127.9
159.4
155.3
161.4

142.1
127.3
160.6
155.6
161.8

2.0
.9
5.0
2.7
3.4

3.5
-.6
2.3
2.9
3.1

2.3
-4.3
7.6
4.0
3.8

.8
-.6
3.8
2.6
3.0

2.8
.2
3.7
2.8
3.2

1.6
-2.5
5.7
3.3
3.4

Housing 2/ .................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs 4/ ..............
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 4/ .
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services 4/ ...............

154.4
172.6
181.5
163.6
218.4
178.3
178.6
164.5
141.1
147.6

154.7
172.9
181.7
164.0
218.0
178.6
179.0
162.5
141.5
148.0

155.2
173.4
182.8
164.4
221.1
179.0
179.3
162.9
141.5
148.2

155.6
174.0
183.4
164.6
223.1
179.5
179.9
164.3
142.3
148.4

2.9
2.9
3.0
2.8
3.7
2.8
2.8
2.3
5.4
4.8

2.7
3.1
3.9
2.8
6.7
2.8
2.8
4.6
2.6
6.8

3.2
2.8
3.1
2.7
3.9
2.7
2.7
7.1
4.1
1.4

3.1
3.3
4.3
2.5
8.9
2.7
2.9
-.5
3.4
2.2

2.8
3.0
3.4
2.8
5.2
2.8
2.8
3.4
4.0
5.8

3.2
3.1
3.7
2.6
6.4
2.7
2.8
3.2
3.8
1.8

132.3
129.6
116.7

132.6
130.3
117.6

132.5
131.2
118.8

133.9
131.6
119.4

6.7
4.9
4.3

-3.9
2.9
2.1

8.6
5.1
7.2

4.9
6.3
9.6

1.2
3.9
3.2

6.7
5.7
8.4

106.4

109.5

108.2

106.1

20.9

-14.5

54.7

-1.1

1.7

23.7

123.1
159.2
125.0
111.2
141.7
149.9

123.6
159.6
125.2
111.4
141.7
150.3

125.3
160.0
124.9
111.0
142.3
149.6

126.2
160.0
125.1
111.2
142.5
149.7

3.0
5.0
.6
-.7
1.4
3.3

4.0
3.4
1.3
.0
.9
3.9

3.0
3.3
1.0
.0
1.4
3.3

10.5
2.0
.3
.0
2.3
-.5

3.5
4.2
1.0
-.4
1.1
3.6

6.7
2.7
.6
.0
1.8
1.3

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities 4/ ...................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities 4/............
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................

131.7
128.0
128.8
124.0
126.7
127.0
149.5
160.9

131.8
128.0
128.2
124.9
126.9
127.4
146.7
161.5

132.3
128.6
129.5
125.7
127.9
126.4
146.8
161.7

132.6
128.8
128.3
126.6
127.2
126.7
147.9
162.2

.6
.3
1.6
1.0
-11.4
1.0
1.3
2.3

-5.3
-6.1
-.6
-10.4
-15.3
.0
-6.5
2.3

4.4
4.8
3.5
6.7
5.2
1.6
2.2
1.5

2.8
2.5
-1.5
8.7
1.6
-.9
-4.2
3.3

-2.4
-2.9
.5
-4.9
-13.4
.5
-2.6
2.3

3.6
3.7
.9
7.7
3.4
.3
-1.1
2.4

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................

144.8
141.5
144.6
142.1
155.6
108.4

145.7
142.3
144.7
142.2
155.0
111.1

145.4
142.4
144.4
141.9
155.1
111.8

145.3
142.7
144.4
141.9
155.8
111.8

7.9
8.0
2.0
1.7
-3.7
38.4

-1.4
-2.0
2.5
3.2
-3.3
-17.6

4.8
3.8
1.4
.3
-1.3
13.6

1.4
3.4
-.6
-.6
.5
13.1

3.1
2.9
2.3
2.4
-3.5
6.8

3.1
3.6
.4
-.1
-.4
13.4

Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation 4/.........
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................
Public transportation ....................

107.8
160.3
175.3

110.5
160.7
175.3

111.3
161.3
175.2

111.3
161.2
176.1

37.0
2.6
1.6

-17.3
3.1
4.0

12.8
4.1
1.4

13.6
2.3
1.8

6.4
2.8
2.8

13.2
3.2
1.6

105.1

105.0

104.8

105.1

-.4

.0

.4

.0

-.2

.2

192.1
188.5

192.1
191.2

192.0
185.6

193.1
181.9

1.9
8.4

4.5
4.5

1.7
13.8

2.1
-13.3

3.2
6.4

1.9
-.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........
Entertainment 4/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............
Entertainment services 4/ ................

231.0
212.1
235.1
211.2
160.6
144.0
180.2

231.5
212.4
235.6
211.6
161.1
144.4
180.8

231.9
212.8
236.0
212.4
161.1
144.0
181.1

232.3
213.5
236.4
212.7
161.4
144.2
181.6

3.2
3.1
3.3
3.3
1.8
.8
2.3

2.8
2.5
3.0
3.5
2.3
2.0
2.7

3.0
1.9
3.1
3.9
2.5
1.7
3.4

2.3
2.7
2.2
2.9
2.0
.6
3.1

3.0
2.8
3.2
3.4
2.0
1.4
2.5

2.6
2.3
2.7
3.4
2.3
1.1
3.3

Other goods and services 2/.................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 1/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................
Personal care services 1/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services 4/ ...

219.2
236.0
151.2

219.4
235.3
150.5

220.3
236.2
151.6

221.3
237.6
151.5

4.4
3.9
2.7

3.6
1.6
.5

3.4
5.1
1.9

3.9
2.7
.8

4.0
2.7
1.6

3.6
3.9
1.3

144.7
158.6
251.7
231.5
253.1

142.8
159.2
252.7
232.5
254.1

143.6
160.7
253.5
232.2
255.0

143.3
160.7
255.0
233.2
256.5

3.4
1.6
5.0
5.1
5.0

-.8
1.8
5.1
6.0
5.1

-.8
5.5
3.2
5.0
3.1

-3.8
5.4
5.3
3.0
5.5

1.3
1.7
5.1
5.6
5.0

-2.3
5.4
4.3
4.0
4.3

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group - Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

May

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedAug.
Nov.
Feb.
Aug.
Feb.

1996

1996

1997

1997

1996

1996

1996

1997

1996

1997

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities 4/ ...............
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

141.5
156.6
132.4
134.3
128.0

141.8
156.6
132.8
135.2
128.0

141.8
156.3
133.0
135.3
128.6

142.1
156.8
133.1
135.7
128.8

3.7
4.4
3.2
5.3
8.8
.3

2.3
.3
5.9
-3.3
-5.8
-6.1

3.6
4.7
5.3
4.3
6.8
4.8

2.5
1.7
.5
2.1
4.2
2.5

3.0
2.3
4.5
.9
1.2
-2.9

3.1
3.2
2.9
3.2
5.5
3.7

140.2
129.6
176.3
179.9

141.8
129.7
176.8
180.3

142.2
129.5
177.2
180.8

142.3
129.6
177.6
181.3

13.6
.3
3.3
3.0

-6.4
.6
3.3
3.2

6.5
.6
3.2
2.7

6.1
.0
3.0
3.1

3.1
.5
3.3
3.1

6.3
.3
3.1
2.9

144.0
183.4
235.1
204.7

144.3
184.1
235.6
205.4

145.1
182.9
236.0
206.1

145.7
182.7
236.4
206.9

4.4
3.6
3.3
3.7

3.4
4.1
3.0
3.8

3.4
4.9
3.1
3.4

4.8
-1.5
2.2
4.4

3.9
3.9
3.2
3.7

4.1
1.7
2.7
3.9

159.1
154.7
159.9
154.5
133.6
135.8
141.8
145.5
185.1
170.8
112.0
165.2
167.4

159.6
155.1
160.3
154.9
134.1
136.7
142.8
146.0
185.7
171.3
113.7
165.4
167.7

159.9
155.2
160.5
155.1
134.2
136.8
142.9
146.1
185.9
171.7
114.6
165.5
167.9

160.2
155.5
160.8
155.5
134.4
137.1
143.1
146.5
186.2
172.0
114.9
165.9
168.3

3.9
4.0
4.2
3.8
5.0
8.4
10.6
4.9
3.8
3.4
18.4
2.8
2.7

1.5
1.8
2.0
2.1
-2.7
-5.2
-2.8
1.1
3.6
3.4
-7.3
2.7
2.2

3.3
4.0
3.8
3.7
4.0
6.8
7.1
5.4
3.8
3.3
10.3
3.5
2.9

2.8
2.1
2.3
2.6
2.4
3.9
3.7
2.8
2.4
2.8
10.8
1.7
2.2

2.7
2.9
3.1
2.9
1.1
1.4
3.7
3.0
3.7
3.4
4.7
2.7
2.5

3.1
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.2
5.3
5.4
4.1
3.1
3.1
10.5
2.6
2.5

141.8
108.3
181.7

141.9
111.1
182.2

142.0
111.5
182.4

142.2
111.3
182.9

1.1
36.7
3.2

-.3
-17.4
3.4

2.0
17.6
3.1

1.1
11.5
2.7

.4
6.2
3.3

1.6
14.5
2.9

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
1/
2/
3/

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.

4/
NOTE:

This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Feb. 1997 fromFeb.
Dec.
Jan.
1996
1996
1997

Percent change to
Jan. 1997 fromJan.
Nov.
Dec.
1996
1996
1996

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

158.6

158.6

159.1

159.6

3.0

0.6

0.3

3.0

0.3

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 3/........

M
M
M
M

165.4
166.0
163.1
164.3

165.7
166.2
164.3
164.6

166.2
166.8
164.2
164.7

166.9
167.7
164.2
165.3

2.9
2.9
3.1
2.9

.7
.9
-.1
.4

.4
.5
.0
.4

3.0
2.8
3.5
3.1

.5
.5
.7
.2

.3
.4
-.1
.1

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 3/........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

155.0
155.3
154.5
157.1

155.3
155.5
154.5
157.7

155.5
156.0
154.3
157.8

155.9
156.5
154.4
158.3

3.4
3.2
3.3
3.9

.4
.6
-.1
.4

.3
.3
.1
.3

3.5
3.3
3.8
3.7

.3
.5
-.1
.4

.1
.3
-.1
.1

M

151.9

151.9

152.2

152.1

3.5

.1

-.1

3.9

.2

.2

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
50,000 to 450,000 3/........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

155.1
153.8
158.2
154.7

155.1
154.0
158.2
154.4

155.7
154.9
158.5
155.0

156.1
155.2
158.9
155.6

3.0
3.1
3.1
2.8

.6
.8
.4
.8

.3
.2
.3
.4

3.0
3.0
3.5
2.6

.4
.7
.2
.2

.4
.6
.2
.4

M

154.6

154.4

154.8

155.5

3.6

.7

.5

3.3

.1

.3

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 3/........

M
M
M

159.2
159.1
163.9

158.7
158.7
163.9

159.6
159.6
164.9

160.1
160.1
165.4

2.8
2.7
2.9

.9
.9
.9

.3
.3
.3

2.8
2.7
3.2

.3
.3
.6

.6
.6
.6

Nov.
1996

Dec.
1996

Jan.
1997

Feb.
1997

Region and area size 2/

Size classes

A
B
C
D

4/ .................................
3/ .................................
3/ .................................
....................................

M
M
M
M

142.9
158.9
158.5
155.8

142.9
159.0
158.6
155.5

143.6
159.2
159.1
155.9

144.1
159.5
159.6
156.2

2.9
3.1
3.1
3.4

.8
.3
.6
.5

.3
.2
.3
.2

2.9
3.4
3.0
3.3

.5
.2
.4
.1

.5
.1
.3
.3

Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..

M
M
M

159.4
158.4
168.4

159.7
158.3
168.5

160.4
159.1
169.1

161.1
159.2
170.1

3.8
1.9
2.7

.9
.6
.9

.4
.1
.6

3.8
2.2
2.6

.6
.4
.4

.4
.5
.4

M
M

164.3
156.9

164.3
156.0

165.1
157.0

165.8
157.9

2.9
3.1

.9
1.2

.4
.6

3.0
2.7

.5
.1

.5
.6

Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................

1
1
1
1
1
1

154.8
166.3
153.8
156.4
151.4
161.2

2.8
3.4
3.2
4.0
2.9
3.1

.6
.8
.0
1.1
.1
.2

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/

-

150.0
154.3
143.6
155.4

155.8
167.7
153.8
158.1
151.5
161.6
-

150.7
155.4
144.5
156.2

-

3.1
2.7
2.1
3.4

.5
.7
.6
.5

-

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current
Size Class B and Size Class C cities. There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly
basis starting in January, 1998. Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a
bi-monthly basis.
Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly
basis after December, 1997. Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each
January and July.

-

NOTE:

Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Jan.
Feb.
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
Feb. 1997 fromFeb. 1996 Jan. 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromNov. to
Dec. to
Jan. to
Dec.
Jan.
Feb.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

156.3
465.7

156.8
467.0

3.0
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products 1/ ..................
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.436
17.749
11.387
1.688
3.535
1.387
2.086
2.691
.373
.282
.841
1.194
6.362
1.687

156.4
156.1
157.1
176.2
149.3
147.6
186.1
144.4
146.8
141.9
127.9
159.3
155.4
160.4

156.4
156.0
156.8
176.4
148.4
146.0
186.1
145.0
147.2
142.3
128.0
160.4
155.7
161.1

3.8
3.8
4.2
2.7
4.4
6.6
5.4
2.5
4.0
1.9
-1.1
4.7
3.2
3.2

.0
-.1
-.2
.1
-.6
-1.1
.0
.4
.3
.3
.1
.7
.2
.4

.1
.1
-.1
.2
.7
-.5
-1.6
.3
.6
.2
.2
.3
.2
.4

-.2
-.3
-.6
-.1
-.5
-.6
-1.7
.0
.5
-.3
.0
-.1
.3
.1

.2
.3
.3
-.1
-.3
-1.1
2.7
.2
.2
.1
-.4
.7
.2
.1

Housing 2/ ...............................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs 4/ ............
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........

38.747
25.867
8.079
6.580
1.499
17.599
17.277

151.8
168.6
159.4
164.1
216.3
163.3
163.7

152.4
169.4
160.9
164.4
224.9
163.7
164.0

3.0
2.9
3.1
2.7
5.1
2.8
2.8

.4
.5
.9
.2
4.0
.2
.2

.2
.2
.1
.2
-.1
.2
.2

.3
.2
.4
.2
1.3
.2
.2

.2
.3
.3
.1
.6
.3
.3

Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services 4/ .............

.322
.189

147.4
140.1

148.5
140.7

2.0
3.7

.7
.4

-1.7
.1

.4
.0

.7
.4

.105

150.0

150.3

3.7

.2

.1

-.1

.2

.084
7.344
3.979

127.3
130.5
118.5

128.3
130.7
118.5

3.6
4.9
6.0

.8
.2
.0

.0
.4
.6

.2
.8
1.1

.8
.3
.5

.391

111.6

109.4

12.1

-2.0

3.1

-1.2

-2.0

3.588

124.5

124.8

5.4

.2

.3

1.4

.7

3.365
5.536
3.261
1.129
1.145

160.3
123.4
109.5
142.8
152.6

160.9
123.7
109.8
143.1
152.9

3.5
.7
-.2
1.7
2.3

.4
.2
.3
.2
.2

.1
.2
.4
.0
.3

.3
-.2
-.5
.4
-.3

.1
.1
.1
.1
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities 4/ .................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities 4/..........
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................

5.348
4.838
1.286
2.053
.240
.799
.461
.510

128.7
125.1
127.0
119.9
128.5
126.0
144.6
160.8

131.1
127.6
127.2
124.8
128.1
127.2
145.7
161.3

.7
.5
.7
1.2
-5.3
.7
-.8
2.2

1.9
2.0
.2
4.1
-.3
1.0
.8
.3

.1
.0
-.4
.8
.3
.2
-2.6
.3

.4
.5
.9
.6
.3
-.7
.4
.2

.4
.4
-.9
1.1
-.3
.1
1.0
.3

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation 4/.......
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................
Public transportation ..................

19.190
17.934
4.893
3.533
2.320
3.921
1.616
5.185

144.6
142.4
146.6
142.7
155.9
108.8
108.2
162.0
171.9

144.4
142.4
146.7
142.5
155.7
108.2
107.5
162.1
172.6

3.1
3.2
1.5
1.1
-1.8
10.3
9.9
2.9
2.3

-.1
.0
.1
-.1
-.1
-.6
-.6
.1
.4

.6
.6
.0
.1
-.3
2.6
2.8
.1
-.2

.0
.1
-.1
-.2
.1
.6
.5
.4
.1

.0
.1
-.1
-.1
.4
-.1
-.2
-.2
.4

.742

104.2

104.3

-.3

.1

-.1

-.2

.1

4.442
1.256

189.0
183.6

190.0
180.3

2.7
3.3

.5
-1.8

-.2
1.8

.2
-2.7

.5
-2.2

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............

6.251
1.047

231.1
210.1

232.1
211.4

2.9
2.6

.4
.6

.2
.2

.2
.1

.2
.4

Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

5.204
2.973

235.9
213.3

236.8
214.3

2.9
3.4

.4
.5

.3
.3

.2
.2

.0
.2

Entertainment 4/ .........................
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........
Entertainment services 4/ ..............

4.015
2.036
1.979

158.8
142.9
181.4

159.2
143.1
182.2

2.1
1.2
3.0

.3
.1
.4

.3
.3
.3

.0
-.3
.2

.1
.1
.1

Other goods and services 2/ ..............
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 1/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................
Personal care services 1/ ............
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services 4/ .

7.012
2.117
1.107

216.7
236.1
151.6

217.4
237.0
151.4

3.7
3.1
1.5

.3
.4
-.1

.0
-.3
-.6

.6
.6
.8

.4
.5
-.1

.610
.497
3.788
.232
3.556

144.4
160.8
249.7
236.2
251.1

144.2
160.8
250.8
236.9
252.3

-.3
3.7
4.8
4.9
4.8

-.1
.0
.4
.3
.5

-1.3
.4
.4
.5
.4

.6
.9
.5
-.1
.6

-.1
.0
.6
.3
.6

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group - Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Jan.
Feb.
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
Feb. 1997 fromFeb. 1996 Jan. 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromNov. to
Dec. to
Jan. to
Dec.
Jan.
Feb.

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities 4/ .............
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................

100.000
47.057
19.436
27.621
16.215
4.838

156.3
141.5
156.4
132.4
133.7
125.1

156.8
141.8
156.4
132.9
134.5
127.6

3.0
2.8
3.8
2.2
3.7
.5

.3
.2
.0
.4
.6
2.0

.3
.3
.1
.5
.7
.0

.1
.0
-.2
.2
.1
.5

.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.4

11.377
11.407

140.9
129.5

140.8
129.5

5.1
.2

-.1
.0

1.2
.0

.3
-.1

.1
.1

Services .................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

52.943
25.329

174.2
162.3

174.9
163.0

3.2
2.9

.4
.4

.3
.2

.2
.4

.2
.2

8.553
7.314
5.204
6.542

132.9
181.3
235.9
202.7

133.3
181.3
236.8
203.5

4.1
2.8
2.9
3.9

.3
.0
.4
.4

.2
.3
.3
.4

.7
-.3
.2
.4

.4
-.1
.0
.3

82.251
74.133
82.401
93.749
29.308
17.901
13.064
35.651
27.613
47.738
7.901
92.099
74.350

156.3
153.2
146.8
152.8
133.5
135.3
141.8
145.4
165.7
169.0
113.0
162.5
164.1

156.8
153.5
147.3
153.2
134.0
136.0
141.8
145.7
166.2
169.6
112.7
163.0
164.8

2.9
3.1
3.2
3.0
2.3
3.6
4.8
3.7
3.6
3.3
8.2
2.6
2.4

.3
.2
.3
.3
.4
.5
.0
.2
.3
.4
-.3
.3
.4

.3
.3
.3
.3
.4
.7
.8
.3
.2
.2
1.5
.1
.2

.2
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.2
.3
.9
.1
.2

.2
.1
.2
.2
.1
.3
.2
.2
.3
.2
.3
.2
.2

24.996
4.312
49.354

141.0
109.4
179.8

141.7
108.6
180.4

.9
10.4
3.1

.5
-.7
.3

.0
2.7
.2

.1
.4
.2

.2
-.3
.2

-

$.640
.215

$.638
.214

-2.9
-

-.3
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

-.3
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................
1/
2/
3/
4/
NOTE:

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Seasonally adjusted indexes
Nov.
1996

Dec.
1996

Jan.
1997

Feb.
1997

May
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedAug.
Nov.
Feb.
Aug.
Feb.
1996
1996
1997
1996
1997

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

4.0

1.8

3.9

2.3

2.9

3.1

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products 1/ ....................
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

156.2
155.8
157.0
176.0
148.0
149.2
188.0
143.6
145.0
141.5
127.1
159.0
154.6
160.0

156.3
155.9
156.9
176.3
149.1
148.5
185.0
144.1
145.9
141.8
127.4
159.5
154.9
160.6

156.0
155.5
156.0
176.2
148.3
147.6
181.8
144.1
146.6
141.4
127.4
159.3
155.4
160.8

156.3
155.9
156.5
176.0
147.9
146.0
186.7
144.4
146.9
141.6
126.9
160.4
155.7
160.9

3.5
3.2
3.8
4.3
.0
1.5
12.0
3.2
4.9
1.4
.9
5.1
2.9
3.1

5.9
6.2
7.9
2.3
11.8
21.7
6.7
2.0
3.7
3.5
-.6
2.6
3.2
3.1

5.3
5.3
6.4
4.2
6.8
14.3
6.0
2.3
2.0
2.3
-4.0
7.6
3.7
4.1

.3
.3
-1.3
.0
-.3
-8.3
-2.7
2.2
5.3
.3
-.6
3.6
2.9
2.3

4.7
4.7
5.8
3.3
5.7
11.1
9.4
2.6
4.3
2.5
.2
3.8
3.1
3.1

2.7
2.7
2.5
2.1
3.2
2.4
1.5
2.3
3.6
1.3
-2.3
5.6
3.3
3.2

Housing 2/ .................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs 4/ ..............
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 4/ .

151.1
167.8
158.7
163.3
217.9
162.5
162.8
149.8
139.9
149.9

151.4
168.2
158.9
163.7
217.6
162.9
163.2
147.3
140.1
150.1

151.9
168.6
159.6
164.1
220.5
163.2
163.5
147.9
140.1
150.0

152.2
169.1
160.0
164.3
221.8
163.7
164.0
148.9
140.7
150.3

3.3
3.2
2.9
2.5
4.4
3.3
3.3
1.4
5.4
5.1

2.7
2.9
3.6
3.0
6.5
2.8
2.8
2.5
1.5
6.1

3.0
2.7
2.8
2.7
2.4
2.5
2.5
6.7
5.6
2.4

2.9
3.1
3.3
2.5
7.4
3.0
3.0
-2.4
2.3
1.1

3.0
3.1
3.2
2.8
5.5
3.0
3.0
1.9
3.4
5.6

3.0
2.9
3.1
2.6
4.9
2.7
2.7
2.0
4.0
1.8

127.1
129.3
116.1

127.1
129.8
116.8

127.3
130.8
118.1

128.3
131.2
118.7

5.6
4.5
4.7

-4.4
3.2
2.9

10.0
5.4
7.2

3.8
6.0
9.3

.5
3.9
3.8

6.9
5.7
8.2

106.2

109.5

108.2

106.0

19.0

-13.1

54.2

-.8

1.7

23.7

122.7
159.9

123.1
160.1

124.8
160.6

125.7
160.7

3.4
5.0

4.7
3.1

3.3
3.8

10.1
2.0

4.1
4.0

6.7
2.9

Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services 4/ ...............

123.5
109.8
142.3
152.6

123.8
110.2
142.3
153.0

123.5
109.7
142.9
152.5

123.6
109.8
143.1
152.6

.7
-.7
1.4
3.0

1.3
.4
2.0
3.8

.7
-.4
1.1
2.9

.3
.0
2.3
.0

1.0
-.2
1.7
3.4

.5
-.2
1.7
1.5

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities 4/ ...................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities 4/............
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................

130.7
127.4
128.5
122.7
127.7
128.2
149.6
160.0

130.8
127.4
128.0
123.7
128.1
128.5
145.7
160.5

131.3
128.0
129.2
124.5
128.5
127.6
146.3
160.8

131.8
128.5
128.1
125.9
128.1
127.7
147.7
161.3

1.2
1.3
1.3
1.6
-10.8
1.9
4.1
2.3

-6.0
-6.7
-1.2
-11.0
-13.8
.9
-9.5
2.0

4.1
4.2
4.2
4.7
3.2
1.3
8.1
1.0

3.4
3.5
-1.2
10.8
1.3
-1.6
-5.0
3.3

-2.4
-2.8
.0
-4.9
-12.3
1.4
-2.9
2.2

3.7
3.8
1.4
7.7
2.2
-.2
1.4
2.1

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation 4/.........
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................
Public transportation ....................

144.3
142.0
145.8
141.7
156.7
108.6
108.0
161.3
171.2

145.2
142.8
145.8
141.9
156.3
111.4
111.0
161.5
170.9

145.2
143.0
145.7
141.6
156.4
112.1
111.6
162.2
171.1

145.2
143.2
145.6
141.5
157.1
112.0
111.4
161.9
171.8

8.2
8.0
2.0
1.4
-3.7
38.4
37.0
2.3
1.9

-1.9
-2.5
2.5
3.2
-3.0
-17.6
-17.4
3.3
4.1

4.6
4.0
1.7
.3
-1.5
14.9
14.1
4.1
1.4

2.5
3.4
-.5
-.6
1.0
13.1
13.2
1.5
1.4

3.0
2.6
2.2
2.3
-3.3
6.8
6.4
2.8
3.0

3.5
3.7
.6
-.1
-.3
14.0
13.6
2.8
1.4

104.2

104.1

103.9

104.0

-.8

.4

.0

-.8

-.2

-.4

188.1
185.8

187.8
189.1

188.1
184.0

189.0
179.9

2.4
9.5

4.8
4.6

1.5
13.0

1.9
-12.1

3.6
7.0

1.7
-.3

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........
Entertainment 4/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............
Entertainment services 4/ ................

230.3
209.5
234.8
212.4
158.3
142.9
180.4

230.8
209.9
235.4
213.0
158.8
143.3
181.0

231.2
210.1
235.9
213.5
158.8
142.9
181.4

231.6
211.0
236.0
213.9
159.0
143.1
181.6

3.4
2.9
3.5
3.3
2.1
1.1
3.0

2.8
2.3
3.0
3.5
2.6
1.7
3.2

3.0
2.1
3.1
4.1
2.3
1.7
3.2

2.3
2.9
2.1
2.9
1.8
.6
2.7

3.1
2.6
3.3
3.4
2.3
1.4
3.1

2.6
2.5
2.6
3.5
2.0
1.1
2.9

Other goods and services 2/.................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 1/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................
Personal care services 1/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....
School books and supplies ..............

215.5
235.5
151.3

215.6
234.8
150.4

216.8
236.1
151.6

217.7
237.2
151.4

4.3
3.9
3.0

3.1
.9
.3

3.6
4.9
2.4

4.1
2.9
.3

3.7
2.4
1.6

3.9
3.9
1.3

145.4
158.7
246.9
233.1

143.5
159.4
247.9
234.2

144.4
160.8
249.2
234.0

144.2
160.8
250.6
234.8

3.9
1.8
4.8
4.5

-1.1
1.8
5.1
6.3

-.5
5.7
3.5
5.7

-3.3
5.4
6.1
2.9

1.4
1.8
4.9
5.4

-1.9
5.6
4.8
4.3

Personal and educational services 4/ ...

248.2

249.2

250.6

252.0

4.7

5.0

3.3

6.3

4.9

4.8

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group - Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Nov.
1996

Dec.
1996

Jan.
1997

Feb.
1997

May
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedAug.
Nov.
Feb.
Aug.
Feb.
1996
1996
1997
1996
1997

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities 4/ ...............
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

141.5
156.2
132.5
134.3
127.4

141.9
156.3
133.1
135.2
127.4

141.9
156.0
133.3
135.4
128.0

142.2
156.3
133.5
135.7
128.5

4.0
5.0
3.5
6.0
10.1
1.3

1.8
.3
5.9
-3.6
-6.1
-6.7

3.9
4.4
5.3
4.0
7.2
4.2

2.3
2.0
.3
3.1
4.2
3.5

2.9
2.6
4.7
1.1
1.7
-2.8

3.1
3.2
2.7
3.5
5.7
3.8

140.1
129.4
173.4
161.6

141.8
129.4
173.9
161.9

142.2
129.3
174.3
162.5

142.4
129.4
174.7
162.9

14.6
-.3
3.6
3.1

-7.2
.3
3.3
3.0

7.5
.6
3.1
2.5

6.7
.0
3.0
3.3

3.1
.0
3.5
3.1

7.1
.3
3.0
2.9

132.3
180.9
234.8
201.3

132.6
181.4
235.4
202.1

133.5
180.8
235.9
203.0

134.0
180.6
236.0
203.7

4.7
3.7
3.5
3.7

3.1
4.4
3.0
4.1

3.4
3.8
3.1
3.2

5.2
-.7
2.1
4.9

3.9
4.0
3.3
3.9

4.3
1.6
2.6
4.0

155.7
152.9

156.2
153.3

156.5
153.5

156.8
153.7

4.3
4.4

1.0
1.6

3.4
4.3

2.9
2.1

2.6
3.0

3.1
3.2

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................

All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............
1/
2/
3/
4/
NOTE:

146.5
152.4
133.8
135.8
141.5
145.4
165.0
168.2
111.9
162.3
164.0

146.9
152.8
134.4
136.7
142.6
145.9
165.4
168.6
113.6
162.5
164.3

147.1
153.0
134.6
136.9
142.8
146.0
165.7
169.1
114.6
162.6
164.6

147.4
153.3
134.8
137.3
143.1
146.3
166.2
169.4
114.9
162.9
164.9

4.3
4.1
5.6
8.4
11.3
5.8
4.1
3.5
20.2
2.8
2.5

1.7
2.1
-3.0
-5.2
-3.4
1.1
3.5
3.4
-8.0
2.8
2.2

3.9
3.8
4.0
7.4
7.4
5.4
4.0
3.2
11.1
3.3
2.5

2.5
2.4
3.0
4.5
4.6
2.5
2.9
2.9
11.2
1.5
2.2

3.0
3.1
1.2
1.4
3.7
3.4
3.8
3.4
5.1
2.8
2.4

3.2
3.1
3.5
5.9
6.0
3.9
3.5
3.0
11.1
2.4
2.3

141.5
108.6
179.2

141.5
111.5
179.6

141.6
112.0
180.0

141.9
111.7
180.3

1.1
36.6
3.5

-.3
-17.1
3.4

2.0
17.5
3.0

1.1
11.9
2.5

.4
6.4
3.5

1.6
14.7
2.7

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Feb. 1997 fromFeb.
Dec.
Jan.
1996
1996
1997

Percent change to
Jan. 1997 fromJan.
Nov.
Dec.
1996
1996
1996

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

155.9

155.9

156.3

156.8

3.0

0.6

0.3

3.0

0.3

0.3

M
M
M
M

163.0
162.6
160.7
166.0

163.2
162.6
162.0
166.3

163.5
163.1
162.0
166.3

164.2
163.9
161.9
166.8

3.0
3.0
3.2
3.0

.6
.8
-.1
.3

.4
.5
-.1
.3

3.0
2.9
3.5
3.0

.3
.3
.8
.2

.2
.3
.0
.0

Nov.
1996

Dec.
1996

Jan.
1997

Feb.
1997

Region and area size 2/
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 3/........

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 3/........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

151.7
151.3
150.8
154.5

151.9
151.5
150.7
155.1

152.1
151.9
150.5
155.2

152.4
152.3
150.5
155.6

3.3
3.1
3.3
3.9

.3
.5
-.1
.3

.2
.3
.0
.3

3.5
3.3
3.8
3.7

.3
.4
-.2
.5

.1
.3
-.1
.1

M

150.1

150.3

150.5

150.3

3.7

.0

-.1

4.0

.3

.1

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
50,000 to 450,000 3/........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

153.7
152.0
154.5
154.7

153.7
152.3
154.5
154.5

154.2
153.1
154.7
154.9

154.5
153.2
155.0
155.5

3.0
3.0
3.1
2.8

.5
.6
.3
.6

.2
.1
.2
.4

3.0
3.0
3.4
2.5

.3
.7
.1
.1

.3
.5
.1
.3

M

155.1

155.0

155.3

155.8

3.6

.5

.3

3.3

.1

.2

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 3/........

M
M
M

155.9
154.3
160.8

155.4
153.8
160.7

156.3
154.7
161.7

156.8
155.2
162.1

2.7
2.6
2.9

.9
.9
.9

.3
.3
.2

2.7
2.5
3.3

.3
.3
.6

.6
.6
.6

Size classes
A 4/ .................................
B 3/ .................................
C 3/ .................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

142.0
156.0
157.7
155.1

141.9
156.2
157.9
154.9

142.5
156.3
158.2
155.3

143.0
156.5
158.7
155.4

3.0
3.1
3.1
3.4

.8
.2
.5
.3

.4
.1
.3
.1

2.9
3.4
3.1
3.4

.4
.2
.3
.1

.4
.1
.2
.3

Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..

M
M
M

154.4
152.9
164.7

154.6
152.7
164.7

155.3
153.6
165.1

155.9
153.6
166.2

3.8
1.8
2.8

.8
.6
.9

.4
.0
.7

3.7
2.1
2.6

.6
.5
.2

.5
.6
.2

M
M

164.0
154.2

163.6
153.1

164.4
154.1

164.9
155.0

2.7
3.0

.8
1.2

.3
.6

2.9
2.4

.2
-.1

.5
.7

Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................

1
1
1
1
1
1

153.6
165.4
146.2
154.6
150.5
158.7

2.9
3.4
3.3
4.0
2.8
3.2

.7
.7
.0
.9
.1
.1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........

2
2
2
2

-

150.2
149.4
143.0
148.8

154.6
166.6
146.2
156.0
150.6
158.9
-

150.8
150.3
143.6
149.6

3.4
2.6
2.0
3.4

-

.4
.6
.4
.5

-

-

-

-

1/

2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current
Size Class B and Size Class C cities. There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly
basis starting in January, 1998. Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a
bi-monthly basis.
Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly
basis after December, 1997. Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each
January and July.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.