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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 691-7000
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 691-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-5886
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 691-5902
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-00-12
TRANSMISSION OF
MATERIAL IN THIS
RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)
Friday, January 14, 2000

DECEMBER 1999

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) was
unchanged in December, before seasonal adjustment, remaining at a level of
168.3 (1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department
of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in December, the
CPI-U increased 2.7 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) also was unchanged in December, prior to seasonal adjustment. The
December level of 165.1 was 2.7 percent higher than the index in December
1998.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent in
December, following a 0.1 percent increase in November. The food index
rose 0.1 percent in December, the same as in November. The energy index,
which was unchanged in November, rose 1.4 percent in December. The index
for petroleum-based energy increased 4.1 percent, while the index for
energy services declined 1.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPIU rose 0.1 percent in December, following an increase of 0.2 percent in
November; the moderation reflects a smaller increase in shelter costs.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
Compound
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
Category
1999
3-mos. ended
June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Dec. `99
All Items
.0
.3
.3
.4
.2
.1
.2
2.2
Food and beverages .0
.2
.2
.2
.2
.1
.1
2.0
Housing
.2
.1
.2
.4
.1
.3
.1
2.0
Apparel
-.4
-.9 -.3 1.2
.6 -.5
.0
.6
Transportation
-.6
1.2
.9
.6
.2
.0
.7
3.6

Unadjusted
12-mos.
ended
Dec. `99
2.7
2.0
2.2
-.5
5.4

Medical care
.4
Recreation
.0
Education and
communication
.0
Other goods and
services
.2
Special Indexes
Energy
-1.2
Food
.0
All Items less
food and energy .1

.3
.0

.4
.0

.3
-.5

.2
.1

.4
.2

.4
.2

3.5
2.0

3.7
.8

.2

.2

.0

.2

.3

.2

2.8

1.6

.9

-.2

1.9

.1

.0

.2

.9

5.1

2.1
.2

2.7
.2

1.7
.2

-.1
.2

.0
.1

1.4
.1

5.2
2.0

13.4
1.9

.2

.1

.3

.2

.2

.1

2.0

1.9

See page 5 for a note on the use of hedonic models to adjust prices of
audio and video products in the CPI for changes in quality.
Consumer prices rose at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of
2.2 percent in the fourth quarter. This followed increases in the first
three quarters at rates of 1.5, 2.9, and 4.2 percent, respectively. For
the 12 month period ended in December, the CPI-U rose 2.7 percent. This
compares with an increase of 1.6 percent for all of 1998. The
acceleration in 1999 reflects an upturn in petroleum-based energy prices.
The energy index, which declined 8.8 percent in 1998, increased 13.4
percent in 1999. Following a 15.1 percent decline in 1998, petroleumbased energy costs increased 29.5 percent in 1999, its largest annual
advance since a 35.4 percent increase in 1990. Charges for energy
services rose 1.2 percent in 1999. The food index rose 1.9 percent in
1999, following a 2.3 percent increase for all of 1998. Grocery store
food prices, which advanced 2.1 percent in 1998, increased 1.7 percent in
1999. Smaller increases in the indexes for dairy products and for fruits
and vegetables more than offset an upturn in the index for meats, poultry,
fish, and eggs.
Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced at a 2.0 percent SAAR
in the fourth quarter, following increases at rates of 0.9, 2.3, and 2.5
percent, respectively, in the first three quarters of 1999. The 1.9
percent rise for all of 1999 was the smallest annual change since a 1.5
percent increase in 1965. Deceleration in the indexes for shelter and for
tobacco and smoking products were largely responsible for the smaller
advance in 1999. The rates for selected groups for the last six years are
shown below.
Percentage change 12 months
ended in December

All items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Education and
communication
Other goods and
services

1994
2.7
2.7
2.2
-1.6
3.8
4.9
1.4

1995
2.5
2.1
3.0
0.1
1.5
3.9
2.8

1996
3.3
4.2
2.9
-0.2
4.4
3.0
3.0

1997
1.7
1.6
2.4
1.0
-1.4
2.8
1.5

1998
1.6
2.3
2.3
-0.7
-1.7
3.4
1.2

1999
2.7
2.0
2.2
-.5
5.4
3.7
.8

3.3

4.0

3.4

3.0

0.7

1.6

4.2

4.3

3.6

5.2

8.8

5.1

-1.3
-3.3
0.8
2.9
2.1

8.6
13.8
3.8
2.9
4.3

-3.4
-6.9
0.2
2.1
1.5

-8.8
-15.1
-3.3
2.4
2.3

13.4
29.5
1.2
2.0
1.9

3.0

2.6

2.2

Special indexes
Energy
2.2
Energy commodities
5.2
Energy services
-0.6
All items less energy 2.6
Food
2.9
All items less food
and energy
2.6

2.4

1.9

The food and beverages index rose 0.1 percent in December. The index
for food at home also increased 0.1 percent, the same as in November.
While the monthly changes in the overall food at home index were the same,
the compositions were notably different. The indexes for nonalcoholic
beverages, for fruits and vegetables, and for cereal and bakery products
each turned up in December, whereas the indexes for each of the other
three major grocery store food groups--for dairy products, for meats,
poultry, fish, and eggs, and for other food at home--turned down. The
index for nonalcoholic beverages increased 1.1 percent in December after
declining 0.2 percent in November. The index for fruits and vegetables,
which declined 0.7 percent in November, increased 0.7 percent in December.
Within the fruits and vegetables group, the index for fresh fruits was
unchanged, while the index for fresh vegetables increased 2.6 percent.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, fresh fruit prices increased 2.5 percent,
and fresh vegetable prices rose 2.3 percent.) For the second consecutive
month, the index for processed fruits and vegetables fell 1.0 percent.
The index for cereal and bakery products rose 0.6 percent, following a 0.1
percent decline in November. On the other hand, the index for dairy
products fell 1.5 percent, its first decrease in five months. The indexes
for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs and for other food at home declined 0.3
and 0.1 percent, respectively. Within the former group, increases in
prices for beef and pork--up 0.7 and 0.6 percent, respectively--were more

than offset by declines in prices for poultry, fish, and eggs. The other
two components of the food and beverages index--food away from home and
alcoholic beverages--increased 0.2 and 0.3 percent, respectively.
The index for housing rose 0.1 percent in December, following an
increase of 0.3 percent in November. Each of the three major housing
groups--shelter, fuel and utilities, and household furnishings and
operations--contributed to the deceleration. Shelter costs, which
advanced 0.3 percent in November, increased 0.2 percent in December.
Within shelter, the indexes for rent and for owners' equivalent rent
increased 0.4 and 0.2 percent, respectively, while the index for lodging
away from home declined 0.9 percent. The index for fuels and utilities
declined 0.5 percent in December, following a 0.4 percent increase in
November. The index for natural gas, which rose 2.2 percent in November,
declined 4.2 percent in December. This decrease more than offset
increases in the indexes for fuel oil and for electricity--up 5.9 and 0.2
percent, respectively. Fuel oil prices, which declined 15.2 percent in
1998, increased 30.9 percent in 1999, their largest annual advance since a
62.0 percent rise in 1979. The index for household furnishings and
operations, which increased 0.1 percent in November, was unchanged in
December.
The transportation component increased 0.7 percent in December and
5.4 percent in all of 1999. Rising gasoline prices were responsible for
both the one-month and 12-month increases in transportation costs. The
index for gasoline increased 4.1 percent in December, bringing the
increase over the last 12 months to 30.1 percent. Despite the sharp
advance in the last 12 months, at the end of 1999, gasoline prices were
still 6.1 percent lower than their peak level of November 1990. The index
for new vehicles declined 0.1 percent in December. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, new vehicle prices rose 0.3 percent. As of December, about 73
percent of the new vehicle sample was represented by 2000 models. The
2000 models will continue to be phased in, with appropriate adjustments
for quality change, over the next several months as they replace old
models at dealerships. For a report on quality changes for the 2000
vehicles represented in the Producer Price Index sample, see news release
USDL-99-324, dated November 10, 1999.) The index for used cars and trucks
declined 0.7 percent in December. The index for public transportation
declined 0.5 percent in December, largely reflecting a 0.7 percent drop in
airline fares. During the last 12 months, however, airline fares have
increased 10.9 percent.
The index for apparel was unchanged in December. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, apparel prices fell 2.6 percent, reflecting pre-holiday
discounting.) During the 12-month period ended in December, apparel

prices fell 0.5 percent, following a 0.7 percent decrease in all of 1998.
Medical care costs rose 0.4 percent in December to a level 3.7
percent higher than a year ago. In December, the index for medical care
commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical
supplies--increased 0.2 percent, with the index for prescription drugs up
0.4 percent. Prescription drug prices rose 6.1 percent in all of 1999.
The index for medical care services rose 0.4 percent in December. Charges
for professional services and for hospital and related services increased
0.2 and 0.8 percent, respectively, in December and 3.2 and 5.1 percent in
all of 1999.
The index for recreation costs increased 0.2 percent in December and
0.8 percent in all of 1999. During the last 12 months, increases in
recreation services--for admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and
sporting events, for club membership dues, and for fees for lesson or
instructions--more than offset declines in prices for toys, for sporting
goods, for photography, and for most video and audio items.
The index for education and communication increased 0.2 percent in
December and 1.6 percent in all of 1999. During the 12 months ended in
December, education costs rose 4.4 percent, while communication costs
declined 1.2 percent. In December, educational costs increased 0.4
percent, while the index for communication was unchanged. Within the
latter group, the index for personal computers and peripheral equipment
registered its first monthly increase--up 0.4 percent--since its inception
in December 1997. For the 12 months ended in December, however, this
index declined 26.5 percent.
The index for other goods and services advanced 0.2 percent in
December, to a level 5.1 percent higher than a year ago, reflecting price
increases in miscellaneous personal services. The index for cigarettes
declined for the third consecutive month--down 0.3 percent in December-reflecting discounting of selected major brands. During the past 12
months, however, cigarette prices have risen 11.5 percent. This compares
with a 33.7 percent increase in 1998.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.3 percent in December.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted

Un-

Compound
adjusted
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
12-mos.
1999
3-mos. ended ended
June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Dec. `99
Dec. `99
All Items
.0
.4
.2
.5
.1
.1
.3
2.2
2.7
Food and beverages .1
.2
.2
.3
.2
.2
.2
2.2
2.0
Housing
.1
.2
.1
.4
.1
.2
.1
2.0
2.1
Apparel
-.5
-.7 -.5 1.3
.6 -.4
.1
1.2
-.6
Transportation
-.5
1.2 1.0
.8
.1
.0
.7
3.3
5.7
Medical care
.4
.3
.2
.4
.2
.3
.4
3.5
3.6
Recreation
.1
.0 -.1 -.5
.1
.0
.3
1.6
.4
Education and
communication
.1
.2
.1
.0
.3
.3
.2
3.2
1.6
Other goods and
services
.3
1.2 -.4 2.4
.0 -.2
.2
.1
5.8
Special Indexes
Energy
-1.2
2.3 2.8 1.8 -.2
.0 1.6
5.9
14.6
Food
.1
.1
.2
.2
.2
.2
.1
2.2
2.0
All Items less
food and energy .1
.2
.1
.4
.2
.1
.2
1.8
1.9
Expenditure
Category

Consumer Price Index data for January are scheduled for release on
Friday, February 18, 2000, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).
___________________________________________________________________________
Extending the use of hedonic models to adjust prices for Audio and
Video Products in the Consumer Price Index for changes in quality
Effective with the release of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for
January 2000, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will extend hedonic
quality adjustment to items in two CPI strata: Audio equipment and Other
video equipment (which contains video equipment other than televisions). A
hedonic model decomposes the price of a consumer product into implicit
prices for each of its important features and components, thereby
providing an estimate of the value of each feature and component. The
following table gives the relative importance (share of weight), as of
December 1998, of these strata in the Consumer Price Index for all Urban
Consumers (the CPI-U) and in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage
Earners and Clerical Workers (the CPI-W).
Relative Importance in Percent
CPI Item Stratum
CPI-U

CPI-W

Audio equipment
Other video equipment

0.152
0.075

0.177
0.086

There are 12 main audio products in Audio equipment: (1) portable CD
players, (2) table CD players, (3) radios, (4) tape recorders, (5)
portable radio cassette players, (6) headset stereos, (7) receivers, (8)
cassette decks, (9) stereo main speakers, (10) surround speakers, (11)
rack systems, and (12) shelf systems. These items account for about
80 percent of the weight of Audio equipment in the CPI-U and 81 percent in
the CPI-W. The hedonic models estimated for these products rely on home
and portable audio products data that BLS purchased from a secondary
source. Items in this index stratum that will not be subject to hedonic
quality adjustment at this time are automotive audio equipment and audio
accessories and miscellaneous equipment; the data source did not cover
them. Detailed information on the work on Audio products is in a paper by
Kokoski, Waehrer and Rozaklis available from the BLS. /1
The CPI also will use hedonic quality adjustment for video cameras,
which have an estimated 31 percent of the weight within Other video
equipment. (Items in this stratum that will not be subject to hedonic
quality adjustment at this time include video cassette recorders, digital
versatile disc players, satellite dishes and miscellaneous video
equipment.) The hedonic models that BLS analysts developed for video
cameras use observations collected for the CPI supplemented with
additional observations that the BLS collected specifically for this
purpose. A paper on this work is in preparation and will be available
before the release of the January 2000 CPI.
Additional work on hedonic quality adjustment is underway at BLS. In
the future we plan to extend this method to additional CPI items as
satisfactory estimates of hedonic models are developed. We will give CPI
users notice three months before the first use of each additional model
and will have a detailed paper reporting on each model available by the
time of its implementation.
For more information on these changes, write to
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes
2 Massachusetts Ave. NE, Room 3260
Washington, DC 20212
or telephone or send electronic mail to Paul Liegey at (202) 691-5394,
Liegey_P@bls.gov.

_______________________________
1/ Kokoski, Mary, Keith Waehrer, and Patricia Rozaklis, "Using Hedonic
Methods for Quality Adjustment in the CPI: The Consumer Audio Products
Component", paper presented at the Conference on the Measurement of
Inflation, Cardiff, Wales, September 1, 1999.
___________________________________________________________________________
Recalculated Seasonally Adjusted Indexes
to be Available on February 16, 2000
Each year with the release of the January CPI, seasonal adjustment
factors are recalculated to reflect price movements from the justcompleted calendar year. This routine annual recalculation may
result in revisions to seasonally adjusted indexes for the
previous 5 years. BLS will make available recalculated seasonally
adjusted indexes, as well as recalculated seasonal adjustment
factors, for the period January 1995 through December 1999, on
Wednesday, February 16, 2000. This date is two working days
before the scheduled release of the January 2000 CPI on Friday,
February 18, 2000.
The revised indexes and seasonal factors will be available on the
internet. The address is http://stats.bls.gov. Select Data, then
select FTP Site, then select special requests, then select cpi.
The revised seasonal data will be in the file REVSEAS_1999CPI.TXT.
For further information please contact Claire Gallagher on (202)
691-6968.
___________________________________________________________________________
A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes
seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy, seasonally
adjusted changes are usually preferred since they eliminate the
effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in
about the same magnitude every year--such as price movements
resulting from changing climatic conditions, production cycles,

model changeovers, holidays, and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers
concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted data
also are used extensively for escalation purposes. Many
collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for
example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index
unadjusted for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally adjusted
indexes are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment Method.
The updated seasonal data at the end of 1977 replaced data from
1967 through 1977. Subsequent annual updates have replaced 5
years of seasonal data, e.g., data from 1994 through 1998 were
replaced at the end of 1998. The seasonal movement of all items
and 54 other aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal
movement of 73 selected components. Each year the seasonal status
of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. If any of the 73 components change their seasonal
adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used for the last 5
years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes will be used before
that period.
Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index
levels, are subject to revision for up to five years after their
original release. For this reason, BLS advises against the use of
these data in escalation agreements.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors for
1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an enhanced seasonal
adjustment procedure called Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment for some CPI series. Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment allows for better estimates of seasonally adjusted
data. Extreme values and/or sharp movements which might distort
the seasonal pattern are estimated and removed from the data prior
to calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the
calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA software was
used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment.
For the fuel oil and the motor fuels indexes, this procedure
was used to offset the effects that extreme price volatility would
otherwise have had on the estimates of seasonally adjusted data
for those series. For some women's apparel indexes and the girls'
apparel index, the procedure was used to offset the effects of

changes in pricing methodology. For the tobacco and smoking
products index, this procedure was used to offset the effects
wholesale tobacco prices and legal fees passed on to consumers.
For some alcoholic beverage series, Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment was used to offset the effects of excise tax increases.
For the Nonalcoholic beverages index, the procedure was used to
offset the effects of a large increase in coffee prices due to
adverse weather. The procedure was used to account for unusual
butter fat supply reductions affecting the Fats and oils series.
For the Water and sewerage maintenance index, the procedure was
used to account for a data collection anomaly.
A description of Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment,
as well as a list of unusual events modeled and seasonal factors
for these items may be obtained by writing the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes,
Washington, DC 20212 or by calling Claire McAnaw Gallagher on
(202) 691-6968 or sending e-mail to Gallagher_C@BLS.GOV.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity
and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
Dec. 1999 fromNov.
1999

Dec.
1999

Dec.
1998

Nov.
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromSep. to Oct. to Nov. to
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

168.3
504.1

168.3
504.1

2.7
-

0.0
-

0.2
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........

16.408
15.422
9.691
1.544
2.569

165.7
165.2
165.1
184.8
150.5

165.9
165.4
165.4
185.9
149.8

2.0
1.9
1.7
2.0
1.7

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.6
-0.5

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
-0.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.1
0.7

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.6
-0.3

Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

1.088
1.440

164.6
201.2

162.1
204.5

2.9
1.9

-1.5
1.6

3.4
-0.6

0.3
-0.7

-1.5
0.7

1.049
2.002
.377
.309
1.316
.320
5.730
.175
.986

133.9
153.0
152.1
145.3
169.0
103.9
166.5
106.9
171.2

134.7
153.3
152.3
145.1
169.4
105.7
166.8
106.9
171.8

2.3
0.6
1.5
-4.5
1.5
0.8
2.3
3.5
2.8

0.6
0.2
0.1
-0.1
0.2
1.7
0.2
0.0
0.4

0.3
-0.3
0.1
0.1
-0.4
-0.9
0.2
0.4
-0.2

-0.2
0.3
-0.1
-1.5
0.8
-0.4
0.2
0.1
0.6

1.1
-0.1
0.1
0.0
-0.1
1.7
0.2
0.0
0.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

39.828
30.283
7.007
2.376

164.9
188.6
179.8
108.5

164.8
188.6
180.3
105.8

2.2
2.5
3.1
1.9

-0.1
0.0
0.3
-2.5

0.1
0.1
0.2
-0.6

0.3
0.3
0.4
-0.2

0.1
0.2
0.4
-0.9

20.529
.371
4.735
3.801
.227
3.574

194.9
102.1
130.0
114.6
100.7
121.4

195.2
102.2
129.6
114.1
106.3
120.3

2.4
2.3
2.4
2.4
23.5
1.2

0.2
0.1
-0.3
-0.4
5.6
-0.9

0.2
-0.1
0.2
0.2
2.4
0.0

0.4
-0.1
0.4
0.5
1.7
0.4

0.2
0.1
-0.5
-0.7
4.4
-1.1

.934
4.810
.908

104.7
126.4
105.8

104.7
126.4
106.0

1.9
-0.2
2.9

0.0
0.0
0.2

0.3
-0.2
0.0

0.1
0.1
0.6

0.3
0.0
0.2

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

4.831
1.358
1.939
.272
.876

133.6
133.2
126.6
132.6
126.4

130.1
131.5
121.8
133.0
123.7

-0.5
0.9
-0.5
2.6
-3.0

-2.6
-1.3
-3.8
0.3
-2.1

0.6
1.4
0.4
1.9
-0.3

-0.5
-1.0
-0.7
0.2
0.6

0.0
1.1
-0.5
0.3
-0.6

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

16.999
15.653
7.843
4.983
1.914
2.493
2.476
.549
1.624
1.346

147.6
143.6
100.9
143.1
156.1
109.3
108.7
101.2
173.6
202.2

148.3
144.4
101.1
143.6
155.0
112.2
111.5
100.8
173.8
201.2

5.4
5.2
0.2
-0.3
1.2
30.2
30.1
-0.4
2.5
6.8

0.5
0.6
0.2
0.3
-0.7
2.7
2.6
-0.4
0.1
-0.5

0.2
-0.1
0.1
0.1
0.4
-0.4
-0.4
-0.1
0.1
3.5

0.0
-0.1
0.1
0.0
-0.2
-0.7
-0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3

0.7
0.8
-0.1
-0.1
-0.7
4.1
4.1
-0.3
0.2
-0.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

5.713
1.252
4.461
2.854
1.354

253.3
233.7
257.7
231.4
303.9

254.2
234.6
258.5
231.7
306.3

3.7
4.0
3.6
3.2
5.1

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.8

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

0.4
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.8

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

6.120
1.748

101.9
100.1

102.0
100.1

0.8
-0.6

0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0

0.2
0.1

0.2
0.3

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

5.478
2.694
.203
2.492
2.783

102.2
109.3
255.7
316.3
95.9

102.3
109.3
256.0
316.3
95.9

1.6
4.4
-0.5
4.8
-1.2

0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.2
0.4
0.8
0.4
0.0

0.3
0.0
-4.7
0.4
0.6

0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.0

2.580
2.327

95.3
100.6

95.4
100.7

-1.5
0.4

0.1
0.1

0.0
0.2

0.6
0.8

0.1
0.1

.253

28.2

28.2

-19.0

0.0

-2.0

-1.7

0.0

.148

47.0

47.2

-26.5

0.4

-3.0

-2.5

0.4

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.624
1.159
3.465
.742
.973
1.491

263.0
369.8
162.8
153.3
173.9
246.0

263.0
369.1
162.9
152.5
174.3
246.6

5.1
11.4
2.9
2.6
3.6
3.7

0.0
-0.2
0.1
-0.5
0.2
0.2

0.1
-0.6
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.4

0.0
-0.9
0.2
-0.1
0.6
0.2

0.2
0.4
0.1
-0.5
0.2
0.5

42.109
16.408
25.702
14.345
4.831

146.2
165.7
134.6
141.3
133.6

146.1
165.9
134.4
140.9
130.1

2.7
2.0
3.2
6.7
-0.5

-0.1
0.1
-0.1
-0.3
-2.6

0.1
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.6

-0.1
0.1
-0.3
-0.3
-0.5

0.3
0.1
0.4
0.6
0.0

9.514
11.356
57.891
29.912
.371
3.574

150.7
126.0
190.5
196.3
102.1
121.4

152.1
125.9
190.5
196.3
102.2
120.3

10.4
-1.2
2.6
2.5
2.3
1.2

0.9
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
-0.9

0.1
-0.2
0.2
0.1
-0.1
0.0

-0.1
-0.2
0.4
0.3
-0.1
0.4

0.9
-0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
-1.1

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection

services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

.934
.908
6.963
4.461
10.768

104.7
105.8
192.7
257.7
226.0

104.7
106.0
192.8
258.5
226.5

1.9
2.9
2.3
3.6
3.2

0.0
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.2

0.3
0.0
0.6
0.2
0.4

0.1
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.4

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4

84.578
69.717
94.287
26.688
15.331
10.500
30.753
27.979
53.429
6.294
93.706
78.284

168.8
162.1
163.6
136.1
143.1
151.9
153.7
197.9
184.3
111.2
175.8
178.4

168.8
162.1
163.6
135.9
142.8
153.2
153.6
198.0
184.3
112.2
175.7
178.2

2.8
2.7
2.6
3.2
6.4
9.7
4.1
2.7
2.5
13.4
2.0
1.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.1
-0.2
0.9
-0.1
0.1
0.0
0.9
-0.1
-0.1

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.2
-0.1
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.1
0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.1
0.1
0.5
0.4
0.0
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.7
0.9
0.3
0.2
0.2
1.4
0.1
0.1

23.967
2.720
54.316
-

145.0
108.7
197.5
$ .594

144.2
111.8
197.7
$ .594

0.2
29.5
2.7
-

-0.6
2.9
0.1
-

0.1
-0.2
0.3
-

-0.2
-0.6
0.4
-

-0.1
4.1
0.2
-

-

$ .198

$ .198

-

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-U

3 months ended-Sep.
1999

Oct.
1999

Nov.
1999

Dec.
1999

All items ...................................

167.9

168.2

168.4

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

165.2
164.9
164.7
185.3
148.7
158.7
205.6

165.6
165.3
165.1
185.4
148.6
164.1
204.3

134.2
154.1
153.4
148.6
169.3
105.3
165.8
106.4
170.9

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection

6 months
ended--

Mar.
1999

June
1999

Sep.
1999

Dec.
1999

June
1999

Dec.
1999

168.8

1.5

2.9

4.2

2.2

2.2

3.2

165.8
165.5
165.3
185.3
149.6
164.6
202.8

166.0
165.7
165.5
186.4
149.2
162.1
204.2

1.5
1.7
0.5
2.2
-0.5
10.3
-4.5

2.0
1.7
2.5
2.9
3.3
-12.7
14.9

2.5
2.5
2.0
0.2
2.7
6.8
1.0

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.4
1.4
8.8
-2.7

1.7
1.7
1.5
2.5
1.4
-1.9
4.7

2.2
2.2
2.0
1.3
2.0
7.8
-0.9

134.6
153.7
153.5
148.7
168.7
104.3
166.2
106.8
170.6

134.3
154.2
153.4
146.4
170.0
103.9
166.5
106.9
171.6

135.8
154.1
153.5
146.4
169.9
105.7
166.8
106.9
172.1

3.4
-1.0
-1.8
-10.3
1.2
0.0
3.0
1.6
1.4

1.5
1.8
4.0
-5.0
2.9
0.0
1.0
2.7
2.9

-0.6
1.6
3.5
3.9
0.5
1.5
2.9
7.9
3.8

4.9
0.0
0.3
-5.8
1.4
1.5
2.4
1.9
2.8

2.4
0.4
1.1
-7.7
2.0
0.0
2.0
2.1
2.2

2.1
0.8
1.8
-1.1
0.9
1.5
2.7
4.8
3.3

164.7
188.1
178.4
107.7

164.9
188.3
178.8
107.0

165.4
188.9
179.6
106.8

165.5
189.2
180.3
105.8

1.2
1.7
2.5
-2.3

2.7
3.5
2.5
9.6

2.7
2.4
3.0
8.2

2.0
2.4
4.3
-6.9

2.0
2.6
2.5
3.5

2.3
2.4
3.6
0.4

193.7
102.3
129.9
113.8
96.4
121.1

194.0
102.2
130.1
114.0
98.7
121.1

194.7
102.1
130.6
114.6
100.4
121.6

195.1
102.2
130.0
113.8
104.8
120.3

1.9
1.2
1.3
0.7
-2.3
1.0

2.7
8.2
0.3
-0.4
19.8
-1.3

1.9
0.4
7.7
9.3
42.1
7.2

2.9
-0.4
0.3
0.0
39.7
-2.6

2.3
4.7
0.8
0.2
8.2
-0.2

2.4
0.0
4.0
4.5
40.9
2.2

Expenditure category

services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

104.1
126.9
105.2

104.4
126.7
105.2

104.5
126.8
105.8

104.8
126.8
106.0

2.4
-1.3
2.7

2.0
0.3
2.3

1.2
0.6
3.5

2.7
-0.3
3.1

2.2
-0.5
2.5

1.9
0.2
3.3

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

131.4
130.2
124.9
129.9
124.7

132.2
132.0
125.4
132.4
124.3

131.6
130.7
124.5
132.6
125.1

131.6
132.1
123.9
133.0
124.4

-6.2
-2.7
-7.5
-11.8
-5.5

3.7
6.6
4.3
3.9
-3.1

0.0
-5.9
4.6
10.1
-2.2

0.6
6.0
-3.2
9.9
-1.0

-1.4
1.8
-1.8
-4.3
-4.3

0.3
-0.2
0.6
10.0
-1.6

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

146.9
143.4
101.0
142.9
155.7
109.2
108.5
100.6
172.7
194.7

147.2
143.3
101.1
143.0
156.4
108.8
108.1
100.5
172.8
201.5

147.2
143.2
101.2
143.0
156.1
108.0
107.5
101.0
173.5
202.2

148.2
144.3
101.1
142.9
155.0
112.4
111.9
100.7
173.8
201.2

1.7
0.0
-5.1
-1.9
-14.1
13.6
14.2
-4.3
2.4
24.0

5.2
6.9
2.0
-0.3
9.8
39.3
37.2
1.2
2.8
-11.9

11.4
12.0
3.6
0.8
13.3
61.3
62.5
1.2
2.1
4.4

3.6
2.5
0.4
0.0
-1.8
12.2
13.1
0.4
2.6
14.0

3.4
3.4
-1.6
-1.1
-2.9
25.8
25.2
-1.6
2.6
4.5

7.4
7.2
2.0
0.4
5.5
34.6
35.6
0.8
2.3
9.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

252.9
233.5
256.8
230.6
302.4

253.3
233.7
257.4
231.1
303.2

254.2
234.6
258.3
231.9
304.2

255.1
235.0
259.3
232.4
306.6

3.3
2.5
3.7
2.9
6.0

3.9
4.3
3.7
3.6
3.8

3.9
6.4
3.0
2.8
4.9

3.5
2.6
4.0
3.2
5.7

3.6
3.4
3.7
3.2
4.9

3.7
4.5
3.5
3.0
5.3

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

101.5
100.3

101.6
100.3

101.8
100.4

102.0
100.7

1.2
-2.3

2.0
-0.4

-1.9
-1.2

2.0
1.6

1.6
-1.4

0.0
0.2

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

101.5
108.5
266.5
311.0
95.3

101.7
108.9
268.5
312.1
95.3

102.0
108.9
256.0
313.4
95.9

102.2
109.3
256.8
314.4
95.9

1.6
5.9
3.3
6.0
-2.0

0.0
4.6
4.8
5.0
-4.5

1.6
4.2
4.8
3.8
-0.8

2.8
3.0
-13.8
4.4
2.5

0.8
5.2
4.1
5.5
-3.3

2.2
3.6
-4.9
4.1
0.8

94.7
99.6

94.7
99.8

95.3
100.6

95.4
100.7

-3.3
-0.4

-4.9
-2.0

-0.8
-0.4

3.0
4.5

-4.1
-1.2

1.1
2.0

29.3

28.7

28.2

28.2

-24.9

-28.4

-6.5

-14.2

-26.7

-10.4

49.7

48.2

47.0

47.2

-35.2

-19.9

-30.8

-18.7

-27.9

-25.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............

263.2
374.2

263.5
371.8

263.4
368.4

263.8
369.8

5.0
6.2

4.3
9.8

10.3
38.6

0.9
-4.6

4.7
8.0

5.5
15.0

Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

161.8
153.0
172.1
244.8

162.4
153.4
172.9
245.8

162.8
153.3
173.9
246.4

162.9
152.5
174.3
247.6

4.4
5.8
3.9
3.2

2.8
4.9
2.4
2.0

1.7
1.1
2.8
4.9

2.7
-1.3
5.2
4.7

3.6
5.3
3.1
2.6

2.2
-0.1
4.0
4.8

146.0
165.2
134.5
140.8
131.4

146.1
165.6
134.5
141.1
132.2

145.9
165.8
134.1
140.7
131.6

146.4
166.0
134.7
141.6
131.6

-0.3
1.5
-1.2
0.9
-6.2

4.0
2.0
5.3
9.6
3.7

6.3
2.5
8.4
14.2
0.0

1.1
2.0
0.6
2.3
0.6

1.8
1.7
2.0
5.2
-1.4

3.6
2.2
4.4
8.1
0.3

151.0
126.4
189.8
196.1
102.3
121.1

151.1
126.2
190.2
196.3
102.2
121.1

150.9
126.0
190.9
196.9
102.1
121.6

152.2
125.7
191.1
197.3
102.2
120.3

5.0
-4.6
2.6
1.9
1.2
1.0

12.6
0.0
2.2
3.1
8.2
-1.3

21.2
2.2
2.8
2.5
0.4
7.2

3.2
-2.2
2.8
2.5
-0.4
-2.6

8.7
-2.3
2.4
2.5
4.7
-0.2

11.9
0.0
2.8
2.5
0.0
2.2

104.1
105.2
190.5
256.8
224.2

104.4
105.2
191.7
257.4
225.0

104.5
105.8
192.2
258.3
226.0

104.8
106.0
192.5
259.3
226.9

2.4
2.7
5.4
3.7
3.3

2.0
2.3
-2.3
3.7
2.6

1.2
3.5
2.1
3.0
2.2

2.7
3.1
4.3
4.0
4.9

2.2
2.5
1.5
3.7
2.9

1.9
3.3
3.2
3.5
3.5

168.3
161.5
163.0
136.1
142.7
152.1
153.2
196.7
183.6
110.7
175.4
178.1

168.5
161.8
163.2
136.1
142.8
152.1
153.3
197.2
183.9
110.6
175.8
178.4

168.8
162.0
163.5
135.8
142.5
152.0
153.4
198.1
184.7
110.6
176.1
178.8

169.2
162.3
163.8
136.4
143.5
153.3
153.9
198.4
185.0
112.1
176.3
179.0

1.5
1.3
1.3
-1.2
0.9
4.7
1.9
2.3
2.0
5.8
0.9
0.9

3.2
2.8
2.8
5.3
9.5
12.1
5.5
2.1
2.2
14.2
2.3
2.3

4.4
4.8
4.3
8.0
13.3
19.1
7.4
2.7
2.7
29.4
2.3
2.5

2.2
2.0
2.0
0.9
2.3
3.2
1.8
3.5
3.1
5.2
2.1
2.0

2.3
2.0
2.0
2.0
5.1
8.3
3.7
2.2
2.1
9.9
1.6
1.6

3.3
3.4
3.1
4.4
7.7
10.9
4.6
3.1
2.9
16.6
2.2
2.3

144.9
108.1
196.7

145.0
107.9
197.2

144.7
107.3
197.9

144.6
111.7
198.3

-3.0
12.6
2.7

2.0
37.2
2.5

2.5
60.1
2.3

-0.8
14.0
3.3

-0.6
24.3
2.6

0.8
35.1
2.8

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-U

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes

Percent change to
Dec.1999 from--

Sep.
1999

Oct.
1999

Nov.
1999

Dec.
1999

M

167.9

168.2

168.3

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

174.8
175.7
105.1

175.5
176.4
105.3

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

164.3
165.7
105.1

M

U.S. city average ...........................

Percent change to
Nov.1999 from--

Dec.
1998

Oct.
1999

Nov.
1999

Nov.
1998

Sep.
1999

Oct.
1999

168.3

2.7

0.1

0.0

2.6

0.2

0.1

175.5
176.5
105.1

175.5
176.3
105.4

2.5
2.4
2.8

0.0
-0.1
0.1

0.0
-0.1
0.3

2.5
2.5
2.4

0.4
0.5
0.0

0.0
0.1
-0.2

164.3
165.7
105.0

164.6
165.6
105.6

164.4
165.5
105.3

2.9
2.8
2.9

0.1
-0.1
0.3

-0.1
-0.1
-0.3

2.8
2.7
3.1

0.2
-0.1
0.5

0.2
-0.1
0.6

158.6

158.7

159.3

158.9

2.5

0.1

-0.3

3.0

0.4

0.4

M
M
M

163.2
162.7
104.8

163.6
163.2
105.1

163.5
162.9
105.1

163.6
163.0
105.2

2.5
3.0
2.3

0.0
-0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1
0.1

2.4
2.7
2.2

0.2
0.1
0.3

-0.1
-0.2
0.0

M

164.1

164.1

164.1

163.5

1.9

-0.4

-0.4

2.6

0.0

0.0

Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

170.0
171.2
105.2

170.4
171.6
105.5

170.4
171.6
105.5

170.5
171.7
105.7

2.8
3.1
2.2

0.1
0.1
0.2

0.1
0.1
0.2

2.8
3.1
1.9

0.2
0.2
0.3

0.0
0.0
0.0

M
M
M

152.2
105.0
163.7

152.6
105.2
163.8

152.5
105.3
164.2

152.5
105.3
163.7

2.8
2.5
2.2

-0.1
0.1
-0.1

0.0
0.0
-0.3

2.7
2.4
2.7

0.2
0.3
0.3

-0.1
0.1
0.2

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

169.7
167.2

169.7
167.2

169.3
167.1

169.2
167.3

2.5
2.3

-0.3
0.1

-0.1
0.1

2.4
2.3

-0.2
-0.1

-0.2
-0.1

M

178.2

178.9

178.8

178.6

2.2

-0.2

-0.1

2.3

0.3

-0.1

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

176.8
164.2
159.8
105.4

-

179.2
163.8
160.1
105.0

-

-

-

-

3.4
1.9
4.0
2.5

1.4
-0.2
0.2
-0.4

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

-

166.5
165.9
151.2
164.1

-

167.0
165.6
150.3
164.8

3.3
2.7
2.9
2.3

0.3
-0.2
-0.6
0.4

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

174.4
175.2
174.7

-

172.9
174.5
174.4

2.3
4.2
3.0

-0.9
-0.4
-0.2

-

-

-

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
Dec. 1999 fromNov.
1999

Dec.
1999

Dec.
1998

Nov.
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromSep. to Oct. to Nov. to
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

165.1
491.7

165.1
491.8

2.7
-

0.0
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

18.011
16.966
10.832
1.689
3.055
1.193
1.492

164.9
164.5
164.0
184.5
150.1
164.6
199.8

165.2
164.7
164.2
185.7
149.4
161.9
202.8

2.0
2.0
1.8
2.0
1.7
2.9
1.9

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.7
-0.5
-1.6
1.5

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
-0.1
3.5
-0.7

0.2
0.2
0.1
-0.1
0.7
0.4
-0.7

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.7
-0.3
-1.6
0.7

1.184
2.220
.420
.354
1.446
.355
6.133
.216
1.045

132.7
152.3
152.0
144.9
168.8
103.4
166.5
106.8
170.4

133.5
152.7
152.3
144.7
169.4
105.2
166.8
106.9
171.0

2.4
0.7
1.5
-4.3
1.6
0.3
2.3
3.4
2.9

0.6
0.3
0.2
-0.1
0.4
1.7
0.2
0.1
0.4

0.4
-0.3
0.2
0.1
-0.5
-1.2
0.2
0.4
-0.2

-0.2
0.2
-0.1
-1.6
0.8
-0.4
0.2
0.2
0.7

1.0
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1
1.7
0.2
0.1
0.4

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................

36.685
27.496
8.500
1.379

161.1
183.1
179.3
108.4

161.1
183.3
179.9
105.7

2.1
2.5
3.0
1.6

0.0
0.1
0.3
-2.5

0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.4

0.2
0.3
0.4
-0.2

0.1
0.3
0.4
-0.8

17.296

177.4

177.8

2.4

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

.320
4.850
3.928
.201
3.727

102.3
129.8
114.0
100.7
120.9

102.4
129.2
113.5
106.0
119.8

2.1
2.2
2.3
22.4
1.2

0.1
-0.5
-0.4
5.3
-0.9

-0.1
0.2
0.2
2.6
0.0

-0.1
0.4
0.4
1.5
0.5

0.1
-0.5
-0.6
4.0
-0.9

.922
4.339
.402

104.7
124.2
106.3

104.8
124.2
106.2

1.9
-0.5
2.8

0.1
0.0
-0.1

0.3
-0.2
0.0

0.0
-0.1
0.6

0.3
0.2
-0.1

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

5.199
1.474
1.948
.344
1.057

132.3
133.3
124.4
134.3
126.9

129.0
131.6
119.8
134.8
124.2

-0.6
1.1
-1.0
3.0
-3.1

-2.5
-1.3
-3.7
0.4
-2.1

0.6
1.8
0.2
2.1
-0.2

-0.4
-1.1
-0.6
0.1
0.6

0.1
1.0
-0.2
0.4
-0.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

19.166
18.109
9.250
5.224
3.216
3.066
3.045
.682
1.690
1.056

146.9
144.2
101.5
144.3
157.3
109.5
108.9
100.6
175.1
197.0

147.6
145.0
101.5
144.7
156.3
112.3
111.7
100.2
175.2
196.0

5.7
5.8
0.4
-0.4
1.3
30.6
30.6
-0.3
2.5
5.9

0.5
0.6
0.0
0.3
-0.6
2.6
2.6
-0.4
0.1
-0.5

0.1
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.4
-0.5
-0.5
0.0
0.2
2.9

0.0
-0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.3
-0.6
-0.6
0.6
0.3
0.4

0.7
0.8
-0.2
0.0
-0.6
4.2
4.2
-0.4
0.1
-0.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

4.672
.926
3.746
2.415
1.114

252.5
229.5
257.6
233.1
299.8

253.2
230.2
258.4
233.4
302.1

3.6
3.6
3.6
3.2
5.1

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.8

0.2
0.0
0.2
0.3
0.1

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

0.4
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.8

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

5.925
1.951

101.0
99.9

101.2
99.8

0.4
-0.9

0.2
-0.1

0.1
0.1

0.0
0.1

0.3
0.1

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing

5.361
2.478
.200
2.278
2.883

102.5
109.4
256.5
310.4
96.9

102.5
109.4
256.9
310.4
97.0

1.6
4.5
-1.1
4.9
-0.8

0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1

0.3
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.1

0.3
0.0
-5.4
0.4
0.6

0.2
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.1

2.733
2.519

96.6
100.8

96.6
100.9

-1.1
0.5

0.0
0.1

0.1
0.3

0.7
0.8

0.0
0.1

other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

.213

29.3

29.3

-18.6

0.0

-1.3

-2.0

0.0

.120

46.9

46.9

-26.7

0.0

-2.6

-2.5

0.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.981
1.694
3.287
.838
.975
1.253

267.4
370.4
163.0
154.0
174.4
245.9

267.3
369.7
163.1
153.1
174.7
246.7

5.8
11.4
3.0
2.3
3.6
3.9

0.0
-0.2
0.1
-0.6
0.2
0.3

0.0
-0.7
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.5

-0.2
-1.0
0.2
-0.1
0.7
0.2

0.2
0.5
0.1
-0.6
0.2
0.5

46.764
18.011
28.753
15.564
5.199

146.6
164.9
135.6
142.2
132.3

146.6
165.2
135.4
142.0
129.0

3.0
2.0
3.7
7.5
-0.6

0.0
0.2
-0.1
-0.1
-2.5

0.1
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.6

-0.1
0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-0.4

0.3
0.2
0.5
0.8
0.1

10.365
13.189
53.236
27.175
.320
3.727

152.5
126.4
187.1
176.3
102.3
120.9

153.9
126.3
187.2
176.5
102.4
119.8

11.6
-0.9
2.6
2.5
2.1
1.2

0.9
-0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.9

-0.1
-0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.1
0.0

-0.1
-0.2
0.3
0.3
-0.1
0.5

1.1
-0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
-0.9

.922
.402
6.800
3.746
10.144

104.7
106.3
189.8
257.6
222.3

104.8
106.2
189.9
258.4
222.9

1.9
2.8
2.0
3.6
3.1

0.1
-0.1
0.1
0.3
0.3

0.3
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.4

0.0
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.5

0.3
-0.1
0.2
0.4
0.4

83.034
72.504
95.328
29.798
16.609
11.410
33.575
26.061
49.490
6.994
93.006

165.1
160.1
161.1
137.0
144.0
153.4
154.0
175.8
181.1
111.0
172.6

165.1
160.1
161.1
136.8
143.8
154.7
154.0
175.9
181.2
112.1
172.5

2.9
2.9
2.7
3.6
7.2
10.7
4.5
2.6
2.4
14.6
1.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.1
-0.1
0.8
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.0
-0.1

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
-0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
-0.2
0.2

0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.3
-0.1
-0.1
-0.1
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.2

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.5
0.6
1.0
0.4
0.1
0.3
1.6
0.1

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................

All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

76.040

174.7

174.5

1.9

-0.1

0.2

0.1

0.2

26.531
3.267
49.509
-

145.4
109.1
194.4
$ .606

144.6
112.1
194.7
$ .606

0.3
30.0
2.6
-

-0.6
2.7
0.2
-

0.1
-0.3
0.3
-

-0.2
-0.5
0.3
-

-0.1
4.1
0.3
-

-

$ .203

$ .203

-

-

-

-

-

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city
average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-W

3 months ended-Sep.
1999

Oct.
1999

Nov.
1999

Dec.
1999

All items ...................................

164.6

164.8

165.0

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............

164.6
164.1
163.7
185.1

164.9
164.5
164.1
185.2

165.2
164.8
164.3
185.1

6 months
ended--

Mar.
1999

June
1999

Sep.
1999

Dec.
1999

June
1999

Dec.
1999

165.5

1.2

3.0

4.8

2.2

2.1

3.5

165.5
165.0
164.4
186.4

1.5
1.7
1.0
2.2

1.7
1.7
2.2
3.1

2.7
2.5
2.2
0.2

2.2
2.2
1.7
2.8

1.6
1.7
1.6
2.6

2.5
2.3
2.0
1.5

Expenditure category

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

148.4
158.4
205.1

148.2
164.0
203.7

149.2
164.6
202.3

148.8
161.9
203.8

-0.3
10.8
-4.3

3.9
-13.6
13.6

2.5
7.1
2.0

1.1
9.1
-2.5

1.8
-2.1
4.2

1.8
8.1
-0.3

133.1
153.4
153.2
148.1
169.4
105.1
165.8
106.2
170.0

133.6
153.0
153.5
148.3
168.5
103.8
166.1
106.6
169.6

133.3
153.3
153.3
145.9
169.8
103.4
166.5
106.8
170.8

134.6
153.5
153.7
146.0
169.9
105.2
166.8
106.9
171.4

4.0
-1.0
-1.6
-10.3
1.4
0.4
2.7
1.6
1.0

1.5
1.3
2.7
-3.7
2.4
-2.3
0.7
2.7
4.4

-0.6
2.1
4.0
2.7
1.4
2.7
3.5
6.7
3.1

4.6
0.3
1.3
-5.6
1.2
0.4
2.4
2.7
3.3

2.8
0.1
0.5
-7.1
1.9
-1.0
1.7
2.1
2.7

2.0
1.2
2.7
-1.5
1.3
1.5
2.9
4.6
3.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

160.7
182.5
178.0
107.1

160.9
182.8
178.4
106.7

161.3
183.3
179.2
106.5

161.5
183.8
179.9
105.7

1.5
2.3
2.5
-4.2

2.0
2.9
3.0
8.0

2.8
2.2
2.5
8.2

2.0
2.9
4.3
-5.1

1.8
2.6
2.8
1.7

2.4
2.6
3.4
1.3

176.3
102.5
129.4
113.1
96.4
120.4

176.6
102.4
129.7
113.3
98.9
120.4

177.1
102.3
130.2
113.8
100.4
121.0

177.6
102.4
129.6
113.1
104.4
119.9

2.6
1.2
1.3
1.1
-1.4
1.4

2.3
6.9
-0.3
-0.7
19.1
-1.7

1.6
0.8
7.4
9.0
38.9
7.3

3.0
-0.4
0.6
0.0
37.6
-1.7

2.4
4.0
0.5
0.2
8.4
-0.2

2.3
0.2
4.0
4.4
38.2
2.7

104.2
124.8
105.7

104.5
124.6
105.7

104.5
124.5
106.3

104.8
124.7
106.2

2.4
-2.2
3.1

1.9
0.0
2.7

1.2
0.6
3.5

2.3
-0.3
1.9

2.2
-1.1
2.9

1.7
0.2
2.7

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

130.1
129.9
123.1
131.4
125.1

130.9
132.3
123.3
134.1
124.8

130.4
130.9
122.5
134.3
125.6

130.5
132.2
122.2
134.8
124.7

-7.4
-1.2
-10.9
-12.8
-6.1

3.5
6.0
4.7
4.8
-3.1

0.3
-7.3
5.7
11.1
-2.2

1.2
7.3
-2.9
10.8
-1.3

-2.1
2.3
-3.4
-4.4
-4.6

0.8
-0.3
1.3
10.9
-1.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....

146.2
143.8
101.5
144.1
157.0
109.3
108.8
99.9
174.1

146.4
143.8
101.7
144.2
157.7
108.8
108.3
99.9
174.4

146.4
143.7
101.7
144.2
157.3
108.2
107.7
100.5
175.0

147.4
144.8
101.5
144.2
156.3
112.7
112.2
100.1
175.2

0.6
-0.6
-6.2
-2.5
-13.7
15.2
15.3
-2.8
2.6

6.8
7.8
2.8
0.0
9.8
38.0
37.7
0.4
3.1

12.7
13.2
5.3
0.8
13.2
61.9
62.9
0.4
1.9

3.3
2.8
0.0
0.3
-1.8
13.0
13.1
0.8
2.6

3.6
3.5
-1.8
-1.2
-2.7
26.1
26.0
-1.2
2.8

7.9
7.9
2.6
0.6
5.5
35.3
35.7
0.6
2.2

Public transportation (1)..................

190.7

196.3

197.0

196.0

20.9

-10.1

3.6

11.6

4.3

7.5

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

251.9
229.5
256.7
232.2
298.8

252.3
229.5
257.2
232.8
299.2

253.1
230.2
258.1
233.6
300.1

254.1
230.7
259.2
234.4
302.4

3.3
1.8
3.6
2.7
6.6

3.9
4.4
3.9
3.9
3.2

3.7
6.3
3.2
2.6
6.0

3.5
2.1
4.0
3.8
4.9

3.6
3.1
3.7
3.3
4.9

3.6
4.2
3.6
3.2
5.4

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

100.8
100.0

100.9
100.1

100.9
100.2

101.2
100.3

0.4
-2.7

2.0
-0.4

-2.3
-1.6

1.6
1.2

1.2
-1.6

-0.4
-0.2

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

101.7
108.6
269.3
305.2
96.2

102.0
109.1
271.0
306.6
96.3

102.3
109.1
256.5
307.9
96.9

102.5
109.4
257.6
308.9
97.0

2.0
6.3
3.9
6.5
-1.6

0.0
5.4
4.8
5.3
-4.0

1.2
3.4
4.9
3.2
-0.8

3.2
3.0
-16.3
4.9
3.4

1.0
5.8
4.3
5.9
-2.8

2.2
3.2
-6.3
4.1
1.2

95.8
99.7

95.9
100.0

96.6
100.8

96.6
100.9

-2.4
0.0

-4.5
-2.0

-0.8
-0.8

3.4
4.9

-3.4
-1.0

1.3
2.0

30.3

29.9

29.3

29.3

-25.0

-28.5

-6.3

-12.6

-26.8

-9.5

49.4

48.1

46.9

46.9

-37.5

-18.9

-30.0

-18.8

-28.8

-24.6

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

267.7
374.8
161.9
153.7
172.4
244.5

267.7
372.2
162.6
154.1
173.2
245.8

267.2
368.6
163.0
154.0
174.4
246.4

267.8
370.5
163.1
153.1
174.7
247.6

5.0
5.4
5.2
5.5
3.9
4.3

5.3
10.1
2.5
4.6
2.4
2.5

13.4
39.0
1.5
1.0
2.8
3.5

0.1
-4.5
3.0
-1.6
5.4
5.2

5.1
7.7
3.8
5.0
3.1
3.4

6.6
15.2
2.2
-0.3
4.1
4.3

146.4
164.6
135.4
141.8
130.1

146.5
164.9
135.4
142.1
130.9

146.4
165.2
135.0
141.5
130.4

146.9
165.5
135.7
142.7
130.5

-0.6
1.5
-1.8
1.2
-7.4

4.3
1.7
6.0
10.3
3.5

7.1
2.7
10.0
16.5
0.3

1.4
2.2
0.9
2.6
1.2

1.8
1.6
2.0
5.6
-2.1

4.2
2.5
5.4
9.3
0.8

152.9
126.7
186.2
175.8
102.5
120.4

152.7
126.6
186.6
176.1
102.4
120.4

152.5
126.3
187.2
176.7
102.3
121.0

154.2
126.1
187.6
177.0
102.4
119.9

5.6
-5.5
2.7
1.6
1.2
1.4

14.1
0.6
2.0
2.8
6.9
-1.7

24.3
3.5
2.6
2.5
0.8
7.3

3.4
-1.9
3.0
2.8
-0.4
-1.7

9.8
-2.5
2.3
2.2
4.0
-0.2

13.4
0.8
2.8
2.7
0.2
2.7

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............

Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

104.2
105.7
188.0
256.7
220.5

104.5
105.7
188.7
257.2
221.4

104.5
106.3
189.2
258.1
222.4

104.8
106.2
189.5
259.2
223.2

2.4
3.1
4.4
3.6
3.4

1.9
2.7
-1.3
3.9
2.6

1.2
3.5
1.9
3.2
1.6

2.3
1.9
3.2
4.0
5.0

2.2
2.9
1.5
3.7
3.0

1.7
2.7
2.6
3.6
3.3

164.3
159.5
160.4
137.0
143.7
153.7
153.6
175.0
180.4
110.7
172.1
174.3

164.6
159.8
160.7
137.0
143.7
153.5
153.8
175.4
180.8
110.5
172.4
174.6

164.7
159.9
160.9
136.6
143.6
153.4
153.7
176.0
181.3
110.5
172.7
174.8

165.3
160.4
161.3
137.3
144.5
155.0
154.3
176.2
181.8
112.3
172.9
175.1

1.0
0.5
1.0
-1.8
1.5
4.7
1.9
2.1
1.8
7.1
0.7
0.5

3.5
3.4
3.1
6.2
10.1
14.0
6.1
1.9
2.3
15.2
2.4
2.3

5.0
5.4
4.6
9.6
15.9
21.8
8.5
3.3
2.7
31.9
2.6
2.8

2.5
2.3
2.3
0.9
2.2
3.4
1.8
2.8
3.1
5.9
1.9
1.8

2.3
1.9
2.0
2.1
5.7
9.2
4.0
2.0
2.0
11.1
1.5
1.4

3.7
3.8
3.4
5.1
8.9
12.2
5.1
3.0
2.9
18.2
2.2
2.3

145.4
108.6
193.7

145.5
108.3
194.2

145.2
107.8
194.8

145.1
112.2
195.3

-3.8
13.6
2.8

2.5
37.0
2.3

3.7
61.1
2.1

-0.8
13.9
3.3

-0.7
24.8
2.5

1.4
35.5
2.7

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-W

Pricing
sched-

Indexes

Percent change to
Dec.1999 from--

Percent change to
Nov.1999 from--

ule
(1)

Sep.
1999

Oct.
1999

Nov.
1999

Dec.
1999

M

164.7

165.0

165.1

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

171.9
171.8
104.7

172.5
172.5
105.0

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

160.6
161.1
105.1

M

U.S. city average ...........................

Dec.
1998

Oct.
1999

Nov.
1999

Nov.
1998

Sep.
1999

Oct.
1999

165.1

2.7

0.1

0.0

2.7

0.2

0.1

172.6
172.7
105.0

172.6
172.4
105.2

2.6
2.5
2.8

0.1
-0.1
0.2

0.0
-0.2
0.2

2.6
2.7
2.7

0.4
0.5
0.3

0.1
0.1
0.0

160.6
161.1
105.0

160.9
161.0
105.5

160.7
161.1
105.3

3.0
2.9
3.2

0.1
0.0
0.3

-0.1
0.1
-0.2

3.0
2.7
3.3

0.2
-0.1
0.4

0.2
-0.1
0.5

157.1

157.2

157.6

157.3

2.6

0.1

-0.2

3.1

0.3

0.3

Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

161.5
160.4
104.6

161.9
160.9
104.9

161.8
160.6
104.9

162.0
160.9
105.0

2.7
3.1
2.4

0.1
0.0
0.1

0.1
0.2
0.1

2.6
2.8
2.4

0.2
0.1
0.3

-0.1
-0.2
0.0

M

164.8

164.8

165.0

164.6

2.4

-0.1

-0.2

2.7

0.1

0.1

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

165.8
165.3
105.1

166.2
165.6
105.4

166.2
165.7
105.3

166.4
165.8
105.5

2.8
3.1
2.1

0.1
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1
0.2

2.7
3.1
1.9

0.2
0.2
0.2

0.0
0.1
-0.1

M
M
M

150.8
104.8
163.0

151.2
105.0
163.1

151.2
105.1
163.5

151.2
105.2
163.1

2.9
2.6
2.4

0.0
0.2
0.0

0.0
0.1
-0.2

2.9
2.6
2.8

0.3
0.3
0.3

0.0
0.1
0.2

M
M

164.1
160.7

164.0
160.7

163.7
160.6

163.7
160.9

2.6
2.4

-0.2
0.1

0.0
0.2

2.4
2.3

-0.2
-0.1

-0.2
-0.1

M

173.9

174.5

174.6

174.3

2.2

-0.1

-0.2

2.4

0.4

0.1

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

175.2
156.4
159.6
105.3

-

177.8
156.1
159.8
104.9

-

-

-

-

3.7
2.2
3.9
2.6

1.5
-0.2
0.1
-0.4

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

-

164.0
160.4
149.9
161.9

-

164.6
160.4
149.2
162.7

3.7
2.9
3.0
2.5

0.4
0.0
-0.5
0.5

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

174.3
171.2
170.2

-

172.8
170.9
170.1

2.6
4.4
3.2

-0.9
-0.2
-0.1

-

-

-

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 1A. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by
expenditure category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Annual
average
1998

Annual
average
1999

Percent
change
from 1998
to 1999

Expenditure category
All items ...............................................
All items (1967=100) ....................................

163.0
488.3

166.6
499.0

2.2
-

Food and beverages .....................................

161.1

164.6

2.2

Food ..................................................
Food at home .........................................
Cereals and bakery products .........................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ......................
Dairy and related products ..........................
Fruits and vegetables ...............................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials .......
Other food at home ..................................
Sugar and sweets ...................................
Fats and oils ......................................
Other foods ........................................
Other miscellaneous foods (1).....................
Food away from home ..................................
Other food away from home (1).......................
Alcoholic beverages ...................................

160.7
161.1
181.1
147.3
150.8
198.2
133.0
150.8
150.2
146.9
165.5
102.6
161.1
101.6
165.7

164.1
164.2
185.0
147.9
159.6
203.1
134.3
153.5
152.3
148.3
168.9
104.9
165.1
105.2
169.7

2.1
1.9
2.2
.4
5.8
2.5
1.0
1.8
1.4
1.0
2.1
2.2
2.5
3.5
2.4

Housing ................................................
Shelter ...............................................
Rent of primary residence (2).........................
Lodging away from home (1) (2)........................
Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (2) (3)..
Tenants' and household insurance (1).................
Fuels and utilities ...................................
Fuels ................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ............................
Gas (piped) and electricity (2)......................
Household furnishings and operations ..................

160.4
182.1
172.1
109.0
187.8
99.8
128.5
113.7
90.0
121.2
126.6

163.9
187.3
177.5
112.3
192.9
101.3
128.8
113.5
91.4
120.9
126.7

2.2
2.9
3.1
3.0
2.7
1.5
.2
-.2
1.6
-.2
.1

Apparel ................................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...............................
Women's and girls' apparel ............................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel ........................
Footwear ..............................................

133.0
131.8
126.0
126.1
128.0

131.3
131.1
123.3
129.0
125.7

-1.3
-.5
-2.1
2.3
-1.8

Transportation .........................................
Private transportation ................................
New and used motor vehicles (1).......................
New vehicles ........................................
Used cars and trucks ................................
Motor fuel ...........................................
Gasoline (all types) ................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ....................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .................
Public transportation .................................

141.6
137.9
100.1
143.4
150.6
92.2
91.6
101.1
167.1
190.3

144.4
140.5
100.1
142.9
152.0
100.7
100.1
100.5
171.9
197.7

2.0
1.9
.0
-.3
.9
9.2
9.3
-.6
2.9
3.9

Medical care ...........................................
Medical care commodities ..............................
Medical care services .................................
Professional services (2).............................
Hospital and related services (2).....................

242.1
221.8
246.8
222.2
287.5

250.6
230.7
255.1
229.2
299.5

3.5
4.0
3.4
3.2
4.2

Recreation (1)..........................................
Video and audio (1)...................................

101.1
101.1

102.0
100.7

.9
-.4

Education and communication (1).........................
Education (1)..........................................
Educational books and supplies .......................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ............
Communication (1).....................................
Information and information processing (1)...........
Telephone services (1)..............................
Information and information processing other than
telephone services (4)..........................
Personal computers and peripheral equipment (1)....

100.3
102.1
250.8
294.2
98.7
98.5
100.7

101.2
107.0
261.7
308.4
96.0
95.5
100.1

.9
4.8
4.3
4.8
-2.7
-3.0
-.6

39.9
78.2

30.5
53.5

-23.6
-31.6

Other goods and services ...............................
Tobacco and smoking products ..........................
Personal care .........................................
Personal care products ...............................
Personal care services ...............................
Miscellaneous personal services ......................

237.7
274.8
156.7
148.3
166.0
234.7

258.3
355.8
161.1
151.8
171.4
243.0

8.7
29.5
2.8
2.4
3.3
3.5

141.9
161.1
130.5
132.6
133.0
137.4
127.6
184.2
189.6
187.9
216.9

144.4
164.6
132.5
137.5
131.3
146.0
126.0
188.8
195.0
190.7
223.1

1.8
2.2
1.5
3.7
-1.3
6.3
-1.3
2.5
2.8
1.5
2.9

163.4
157.2

167.0
160.2

2.2
1.9

Commodity and service group
Commodities .............................................
Food and beverages .....................................
Commodities less food and beverages ....................
Nondurables less food and beverages ...................
Apparel ..............................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ........
Durables ..............................................
Services ................................................
Rent of shelter (3).....................................
Transportation services ................................
Other services .........................................
Special indexes
All items less food .....................................
All items less shelter ..................................

All items less medical care .............................
Commodities less food ...................................
Nondurables less food ...................................
Nondurables less food and apparel .......................
Nondurables .............................................
Services less rent of shelter (3)........................
Services less medical care services .....................
Energy ..................................................
All items less energy ...................................
All items less food and energy .........................
Commodities less food and energy commodities ..........
Energy commodities ...................................
Services less energy services .........................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1982-84=$1.00) .
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1967=$1.00) ....
1 Indexes on a December
2 This index series was
index series converted to
3 Indexes on a December
4 Indexes on a December
- Data not available.

158.6
132.0
134.6
139.2
146.9
191.8
178.4
102.9
170.9
173.4
143.2
92.1
190.6
$ .614
$ .205

162.0
134.0
139.4
147.5
151.2
195.8
182.7
106.6
174.4
177.0
144.1
100.0
195.7
$ .600
$ .200

2.1
1.5
3.6
6.0
2.9
2.1
2.4
3.6
2.0
2.1
.6
8.6
2.7
-

1997=100 base.
calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum
a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
1982=100 base.
1988=100 base.

Table 4A. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city
average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Annual
average
1998

Annual
average
1999

Percent
change
from 1998
to 1999

Expenditure category
All items ...............................................
All items (1967=100) ....................................

159.7
475.6

163.2
486.2

2.2
-

Food and beverages .....................................
Food ..................................................
Food at home .........................................
Cereals and bakery products .........................

160.4
160.0
160.0
180.9

163.8
163.4
163.0
184.7

2.1
2.1
1.9
2.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ......................
Dairy and related products ..........................
Fruits and vegetables ...............................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials .......
Other food at home ..................................
Sugar and sweets ...................................
Fats and oils ......................................
Other foods ........................................
Other miscellaneous foods (1).....................
Food away from home ..................................
Other food away from home (1).......................
Alcoholic beverages ...................................

147.0
150.4
197.0
131.8
150.2
150.1
146.5
165.4
102.6
161.1
101.6
164.6

147.6
159.4
201.8
133.2
152.8
152.2
147.9
168.8
104.6
165.0
105.1
168.8

.4
6.0
2.4
1.1
1.7
1.4
1.0
2.1
1.9
2.4
3.4
2.6

Housing ................................................
Shelter ...............................................
Rent of primary residence (2).........................
Lodging away from home (1) (2)........................
Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (2) (3)..
Tenants' and household insurance (1).................
Fuels and utilities ...................................
Fuels ................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ............................
Gas (piped) and electricity (2)......................
Water and sewer and trash collection services (1).....
Household furnishings and operations ..................
Household operations (1).............................

156.7
176.6
171.7
109.0
171.1
100.0
128.4
113.3
90.3
120.8
101.7
125.0
101.7

160.0
181.6
177.1
112.2
175.7
101.6
128.7
113.0
91.7
120.4
104.0
124.7
104.9

2.1
2.8
3.1
2.9
2.7
1.6
.2
-.3
1.6
-.3
2.3
-.2
3.1

Apparel ................................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...............................
Women's and girls' apparel ............................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel ........................
Footwear ..............................................

131.6
131.4
123.9
126.7
128.7

130.1
131.2
121.3
130.3
126.2

-1.1
-.2
-2.1
2.8
-1.9

Transportation .........................................
Private transportation ................................
New and used motor vehicles (1).......................
New vehicles ........................................
Used cars and trucks ................................
Motor fuel ...........................................
Gasoline (all types) ................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ....................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .................
Public transportation .................................

140.5
138.0
100.3
144.6
152.0
92.2
91.7
100.5
168.2
187.1

143.4
140.7
100.4
144.0
153.3
100.8
100.2
100.0
173.3
193.1

2.1
2.0
.1
-.4
.9
9.3
9.3
-.5
3.0
3.2

Medical care ...........................................

241.4

249.7

3.4

Medical care commodities ..............................
Medical care services .................................
Professional services (2).............................
Hospital and related services (2).....................

218.6
246.6
223.7
283.6

226.8
254.9
230.8
295.5

3.8
3.4
3.2
4.2

Recreation (1)..........................................
Video and audio (1)...................................

100.9
101.1

101.3
100.5

.4
-.6

Education and communication (1).........................
Education (1)..........................................
Educational books and supplies .......................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ............
Communication (1).....................................
Information and information processing (1)...........
Telephone services (1)..............................
Information and information processing other than
telephone services (4)..........................
Personal computers and peripheral equipment (1)....

100.4
102.1
253.1
288.5
99.1
99.0
100.7

101.5
107.2
264.1
302.8
96.9
96.5
100.2

1.1
5.0
4.3
5.0
-2.2
-2.5
-.5

41.2
77.9

31.6
53.1

-23.3
-31.8

Other goods and services ...............................
Tobacco and smoking products ..........................
Personal care .........................................
Personal care products ...............................
Personal care services ...............................
Miscellaneous personal services ......................

236.1
274.8
156.8
149.3
166.3
234.0

261.9
356.2
161.3
152.5
171.7
243.1

10.9
29.6
2.9
2.1
3.2
3.9

141.8
160.4
130.6
132.1
131.6
137.0
127.3
181.0
170.1
100.0
120.8
101.7
101.7
185.4
246.6
213.7

144.7
163.8
133.2
138.1
130.1
147.2
126.0
185.3
174.9
101.6
120.4
104.0
104.9
187.9
254.9
219.6

2.0
2.1
2.0
4.5
-1.1
7.4
-1.0
2.4
2.8
1.6
-.3
2.3
3.1
1.3
3.4
2.8

Commodity and service group
Commodities .............................................
Food and beverages .....................................
Commodities less food and beverages ....................
Nondurables less food and beverages ...................
Apparel ..............................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ........
Durables ..............................................
Services ................................................
Rent of shelter (3).....................................
Tenants' and household insurance (1)...................
Gas (piped) and electricity (2).........................
Water and sewer and trash collection services (1).......
Household operations (1)...............................
Transportation services ................................
Medical care services ..................................
Other services .........................................

Special indexes
All items less food .....................................
All items less shelter ..................................
All items less medical care .............................
Commodities less food ...................................
Nondurables less food ...................................
Nondurables less food and apparel .......................
Nondurables .............................................
Services less rent of shelter (3)........................
Services less medical care services .....................
Energy ..................................................
All items less energy ...................................
All items less food and energy .........................
Commodities less food and energy commodities ..........
Energy commodities ...................................
Services less energy services .........................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old base ......
1 Indexes on a December
2 This index series was
index series converted to
3 Indexes on a December
4 Indexes on a December
- Data not available.

159.5
155.0
155.8
132.0
134.1
138.7
146.5
170.7
175.4
102.1
167.6
169.6
142.7
92.3
187.7
$ .626
$ .210

163.1
158.1
159.2
134.6
140.0
148.4
151.3
174.1
179.5
106.1
171.1
173.1
144.3
100.3
192.6
$ .613
$ .206

2.3
2.0
2.2
2.0
4.4
7.0
3.3
2.0
2.3
3.9
2.1
2.1
1.1
8.7
2.6
-

1997=100 base.
calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum
a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
1984=100 base
1988=100 base.