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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI QUICKLINE:

(202) 606-6994

FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
MEDIA CONTACT:

USDL-98-09
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED

(202) 606-7828

UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EST)

(202) 606-5902

Tuesday, January 13, 1998

INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

DECEMBER 1997

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined
0.1 percent before seasonal adjustment in December to a level of 161.3
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department
of Labor reported today.

For the 12-month period ended in December,

the CPI-U has increased 1.7 percent.

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) declined 0.2 percent in December, prior to seasonal
adjustment.

The December 1997 CPI-W level of 158.2 was 1.5 percent

higher than the index in December 1996.

CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)

On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent in
December, the same as in November.
percent in December.

The food index decreased 0.1

Grocery store food prices dropped 0.3 percent in

December, reflecting declines in the indexes for fruits and vegetables
and for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs.

The energy index, which

declined 0.2 percent in November, fell 1.6 percent in December.

The

index for petroleum-based energy declined 0.9 percent, and the index
for energy services dropped 2.4 percent.

Excluding food and energy,

the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent after advancing 0.1 percent in November.
Larger increases in the costs for shelter, for medical care, and for
tobacco, coupled with an upturn in the index for entertainment and a
smaller decline in airline fares, accounted for the larger advance in
December.

Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted

UnCompound

Adjusted

Expenditure

Changes from preceding month

annual rate

12-mos.

Category

1997

3-mos. ended

ended

June July Aug. Sept.Oct. Nov. Dec.
All Items

Dec.'97

Dec.'97

.1

.2

.2

.2

.2

.1

.1

1.5

1.7

Food and beverages

.2

.3

.4

.1

.2

.1

.0

1.3

1.6

Housing

.3

.2

.1

.3

.3

.3

.1

2.8

2.4

Apparel and upkeep -.2

.2 -1.0

.3

.1

.2

.1

1.2

1.0

Transportation

-.3

.1

.6

.4

.1

-.7

-.2

-3.3

-1.4

Medical care

.2

.0

.2

.2

.1

.3

.5

3.6

2.8

Entertainment

.5

.1

.2

-.2

.2

-.2

.3

1.0

1.4

.2

.3

.6

.3

.7

.3

.4

5.9

5.2

Energy

.0

-.1

1.7

1.3

.1

-.2 -1.6

-6.6

-3.4

Food

.2

.3

.4

.1

.2

.2

-.1

1.3

1.5

.1

.2

.1

.2

.2

.1

.2

2.4

2.2

Other goods
and services
Special Indexes:

All items less
food and energy

Beginning with release of the CPI for January 1998 on February
24, 1998, the BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample, a
revised item structure, and updated expenditure weights into the CPI.
See page 5 for further details.

For the 12-month period ended in December 1997, the CPI-U rose

1.7 percent.

This compares with an advance of 3.3 percent in 1996 and

was the smallest annual increase since a 1.1 percent rise in 1986.
The food and energy components, which had accelerated in 1996 after
acting as moderating influences throughout most of the preceding five
years, were largely responsible for the deceleration in 1997.

The

food index rose 1.5 percent in 1997, following a 4.3 percent increase
in 1996.

Grocery store food prices rose 1.0 percent after advancing

4.9 percent in 1996.

All major grocery store groups showed marked

deceleration in 1997, relative to 1996, except for the other food at
home group, which rose 2.9 percent after increasing 2.2 percent in
1996.

The larger advance in this group was due to the sharp

acceleration in coffee prices, which increased 16.9 percent in 1997
after declining 6.7 percent in the previous year. The energy index,
which increased 8.6 percent in 1996, declined 3.4 percent in 1997.
Petroleum-based energy costs fell 6.9 percent, following a 13.8
percent increase in 1996, while charges for energy services increased
0.2 percent after rising 3.8 percent in 1996.

The CPI-U excluding food and energy advanced 2.2 percent in 1997,
following an increase of 2.6 percent in 1996.

The 1997 advance

represents the smallest annual increase in this index since a 1.5
percent rise in 1965. The deceleration in 1997, while widespread, was

particularly notable within the transportation (other than for motor
fuel) component, specifically, for airline fares and for new vehicles.
The rates for selected groups during the past nine years are shown
below.

Percent change 12 months
ended in December

1993

1994

1995

2.9

2.7

2.7

2.5

1.6

2.7

4.5

3.4

2.6

1.0

5.1

3.4

Transport.

4.0

10.4

Medical care

8.5

Entertainment

5.1

All Items

1989

1990

1991

1992

1996

1997

4.6

6.1

3.1

2.5

3.3

1.7

5.5

5.3

2.7

2.1

4.2

1.6

3.9

2.7

2.2

3.0

2.9

2.4

1.4

.9

-1.6

.1

-.2

1.0

-1.5

3.0

2.4

3.8

1.5

4.4

-1.4

9.6

7.9

6.6

5.4

4.9

3.9

3.0

2.8

4.3

3.9

2.8

2.8

2.3

3.3

2.9

1.4

Food and
beverages
Housing
Apparel and
upkeep

Other goods

& services

8.2

7.6

8.0

6.5

2.7

4.2

4.3

3.6

5.2

Energy

5.1

18.1

-7.4

2.0

-1.4

2.2

-1.3

8.6

-3.4

Food

5.6

5.3

1.9

1.5

2.9

2.9

2.1

4.3

1.5

4.4

5.2

4.4

3.3

3.2

2.6

3.0

2.6

2.2

Special
Indexes

All items
less food
and energy

The food and beverage index was unchanged in December.

The index

for grocery store food prices, which increased 0.1 percent in
November, fell 0.3 percent in December.

Declines of 1.0 and 0.7

percent, respectively, in the indexes for fruits and vegetables and
for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs were responsible for the downturn.
Within the latter category, prices for beef, pork, and poultry prices
each declined in December and over the past 12 months have fallen 0.7,
1.5, and 1.6 percent, respectively.

Recent increases in the index for

dairy products--up 0.5 percent in December and 3.0 percent in the

fourth quarter--have not offset declines earlier this year, resulting
in a 0.5 percent drop in the 12 months ended in December.

The indexes

for cereal and bakery products and for other food at home rose 0.2 and
0.1 percent, respectively, in December.

During the 12-month period

ended in December, these categories have risen 1.5 and 2.9 percent,
respectively.

The other two components of the food and beverage index-

-restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--each rose 0.4 percent in
December.

During the last 12 months, these groups rose 2.6 and 2.2

percent, respectively.

The housing component rose 0.1 percent in December, following
increases of 0.3 percent in each of the three preceding months.

A

sharp downturn in the index for fuel and other utilities--down 1.1
percent in December after increasing 0.9 percent in November-accounted for the deceleration.

In December, the index for household

fuels fell 2.3 percent, reflecting decreases of 2.7 percent in the
index for natural gas and 2.2 percent in the index for electricity;
the index for fuel oil rose 0.1 percent.

During the 12 months ended

in December, charges for natural gas rose 3.3 percent, while the
indexes for electricity and fuel oil declined 1.3 and 11.7 percent,
respectively.

The index for other utilities and public services rose

0.1 percent in December.

The index for telephone services declined

slightly in December, but has risen 0.2 percent since December 1996.
Shelter costs rose 0.4 percent in December.

Within shelter, renters'

costs rose 0.7 percent; homeowners' costs, 0.3 percent; and
maintenance and repair costs, 0.5 percent.

The increase in renters'

costs reflects a 1.8 percent rise in the index for lodging while out
of town; residential rents rose 0.3 percent.

Shelter costs advanced

3.4 percent in the 12 months ended in December 1997, following a 2.9
percent rise in 1996.

The index for household furnishings and

operation was unchanged in December and was 0.1 percent higher than
its level in December 1996.

The transportation index, which declined 0.7 percent in November,
fell 0.2 percent in December.

The indexes for motor fuels and new

vehicles declined for the third consecutive month and public
transportation costs decreased for the second month in a row.

The

index for gasoline, which fell 2.3 percent in November, declined 1.0
percent in December.

New vehicle purchase costs declined again in

December; the index for new vehicle prices decreased 0.2 percent and
automobile finance charges dropped 0.5 percent.

(Prior to seasonal

adjustment, new vehicle prices increased 0.1 percent.

As of December,

about 60 percent of the new vehicle sample was represented by 1998
models.

The 1998 models will continue to be phased in over the next

several months as they replace old models at dealerships.)
for used cars increased 0.3 percent.
declined 0.9 percent in December.

The index

Public transportation costs

The index for airline fares, which

declined 3.9 percent in November, dropped 1.4 percent in December.
During the 12 months ended in December, prices for gasoline,

new

vehicles, used cars, airline fares, and automobile finance charges
each declined, with the decreases ranging from 0.9 percent for new
vehicles to 6.1 percent for gasoline.

The index for apparel and upkeep increased for the fourth
consecutive month--up 0.1 percent in December--to a level 1.0 percent
higher than in December 1996. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel
commodity prices fell 2.6 percent in December, reflecting pre-holiday
discounting.)

The medical care index rose 0.5 percent in December.

Each year

(December-to-December) these costs have decelerated since registering
a 9.6 percent advance in 1990, and the 2.8 percent rise in 1997
represents the smallest annual increase since a 2.8 percent rise in
1965.

In December, the index for medical care commodities--

prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--rose
0.6 percent.

The index for medical care services rose 0.5 percent.

Charges for professional services and for hospital and related
services increased 0.4 and 0.6 percent, respectively, in December and
3.1 and 3.2 percent, respectively, in 1997.

Entertainment costs rose 0.3 percent in December to a level 1.4
percent above a year ago.

In 1997, charges for entertainment services

increased 2.5 percent, while prices for entertainment commodities-reading materials, sporting goods, and toys and hobbies--decreased 0.1
percent.

The index for other goods and services rose 0.4 percent in
December, following an increase of 0.3 percent in November.

A larger

increase in the index for tobacco and smoking products-up 0.7 percent
after increasing 0.1 percent in November-accounted for the larger
December rise.

During the last 12 months this index rose 5.2 percent,

reflecting increases of 7.2 percent for tobacco and smoking products
and 5.2 percent for tuition and other school fees.

CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)

On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners
and Clerical Workers rose 0.1 percent in December.

Table B.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical

Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted

UnCompound

adjust
ed

Expenditure

Changes from preceding month

annual
rate

Category

1997

3-mos.

12mos.
ended

ended
June Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.

All Items

Dec. `97

Dec. `97

.1

.2

.2

.3

.2

.1

.1

1.3

1.5

.2

.3

.4

.1

.2

.1

.0

1.3

1.5

.3

.2

.0

.3

.2

.4

.0

2.4

2.3

-.3

.2 -1.0

.2

.1

.1

-.1

.3

.8

-.4

.1

.7

.4

-.1

-.7

-.1

-3.3

-1.7

Medical care

.2

.1

.2

.2

.2

.3

.5

3.8

2.8

Entertainment

.5

.1

.4

-.2

.1

-.2

.2

.2

1.3

Food and
beverages
Housing
Apparel and
upkeep
Transportation

Other goods

and services

.0

.3

.5

.5

.8

.4

.4

6.4

5.4

Energy

.0

-.2

2.0

1.2

.1

-.3 -1.7

-7.3

-3.8

Food

.3

.3

.3

.1

.2

.1

-.1

1.0

1.5

.1

.2

.0

.2

.2

.1

.3

2.4

2.1

Special Indexes:

All items less
food and energy

After seasonal adjustment, the level of the CPI-U for All Items was
161.9 in December; the seasonally adjusted CPI-W for All Items was
158.7.

Beginning with January 1997 data, BLS is reporting the level of
the seasonally adjusted U.S. City Average All Items CPI-U and CPI-W in
this monthly news release.

Effective with the release of January 1998

data in February 1998, the seasonally adjusted All Items indexes will
be fully integrated into the releases, appearing in tables 2 and 5 and
in the text where relevant.

Like other seasonally adjusted CPI data,

the All Items index levels are subject to revision for up to five
years after their original release.

For this reason, BLS advises

against the use of these data in escalation agreements.

Consumer Price Index data for January are scheduled for release

on Tuesday, February 24, 1998, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Planned CPI Publication Changes

Beginning in 1998, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
will introduce a new geographic area sample, a revised
item structure and updated expenditure weights into the
Consumer Price Index (CPI).

Approximately every ten

years the CPI undertakes this type of revision in order
to keep the index up-to-date.

Since World War II,

revisions of the CPI have been introduced in 1953, 1964,
1978, and 1987.

Because the changes the CPI undergoes during each
revision can have a major impact on our users, special
steps are taken in order to ameliorate the effects of
these changes.

Beginning with the release of the

January, 1997 index, data series that are changing or

being dropped from publication have been footnoted in
all BLS published tables.

This provided an early

warning to users to reconsider their use of those
indexes and provided time for them to make changes in
their use.

The 1998 CPI Revision contains substantial

changes in both the items being presented and the
frequency of local area index publication.

Changes to the Item Structure

Effective in 1998, there will be considerable changes to
both the items being priced and the manner in which they
are being aggregated in the CPI.

The most notable

change in presentation is a reconstruction of several
major groups with a resulting change from the currently
available seven major groups to the new total of eight.

Currently the major groups are: Food and Beverages,
Housing, Apparel and Upkeep, Transportation, Medical
Care, Entertainment and Other Goods and Services.

Three

of these groups-- Food and Beverages, Transportation,
and Medical care will remain the same.

The Apparel

group was modified to exclude apparel upkeep products
and services.

The Entertainment group has been slightly

redefined into a major group called Recreation and a new
major group, Education and Communication, has been
formed from

past subelements of the Housing,

Entertainment and Other Goods and Services groups

Other important changes in our item structure at lower
levels are an expansion of our Food Away from Home
index, a reorientation of our car and truck indexes to a
vehicle index, and the expansion of our information
processing equipment index.

For a complete listing of the new CPI Publication
Structure see Table X.

Changes to the Geographic Structure

In each revision, the CPI geographic sample is selected
to be representative of the current demographics of the
United States. The 1998 revision utilizes the 1990
Census of population.

The CPI develops an updated area

sample design, decides on new local area indexes and
changes the frequency of publication for local area
indexes in order to better reflect these new
demographics.

In addition to the national index, the BLS currently
publishes indexes for 29 metropolitan areas.

In 1998,

it will continue to publish indexes for all but two of
these areas--Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY, and New Orleans,
LA.

Due to the revised Metropolitan Area (MA)

definitions issued by the Office of Management and
Budget(OMB), two other areas, Washington, DC, and
Baltimore, MD, which the BLS currently publishes
separately, constitute a new Consolidated Metropolitan
Statistical Area.

A single index will be published for

this consolidated area.

The new publication plan for local area indexes, to
begin with the index for January 1998, is summarized
below:

*

Monthly indexes will be published for the three

largest metropolitan areas.

Because of sample design

considerations, indexes for the Philadelphia and San
Francisco areas, both currently published monthly, will
be published every other month following the release of
the December, 1997 index.

*

Bimonthly indexes will be published for the next

11 largest areas, including Atlanta and Seattle, which
currently have semiannual average indexes.

*

Semiannual average indexes will be published for

12 additional areas, including Pittsburgh and St. Louis,
which currently have bimonthly indexes.

*

The BLS will continue to publish separate

indexes for the four Census regions of the United
States.

However, beginning in 1998, there will only be

two area size classes for metropolitan areas, instead of
the current three: Size A - areas with a population
greater than 1.5 million; and Size B/C - areas with less
than 1.5 million population.

This cutoff of 1.5 million

in population reflects a rise from the current cutoff of

1.2 million and is important since cities in size class
A are those for which the Bureau publishes city level
indexes.

The B/C size class is a combination of the old

Size B and Size C metropolitan areas.

In addition to

the two metropolitan area size indexes for each region,
separate Size D indexes for urban non-metropolitan areas
will continue to be published for both the Midwest and
the South.

Separate indexes for Northeast and West

urban nonmetropolitan areas were discontinued in 1987.

The following is the full list of areas for which
indexes will be published, beginning in January, 1998:

1. Metropolitan Areas for which a local index will be published monthly:

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA

2. Metropolitan Areas for which a local index will be published bimonthly:

In Odd Months (i.e. January,

In Even Months (i.e.

March, etc.)

February, April, etc.)

----------------------------

----------------------

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-

Philadelphia-Wilmington-

ME-CT

Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-

San Francisco-Oakland-San

VA-WV

Jose, CA

Cleveland-Akron, OH

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria,
TX

Atlanta, GA

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA

3. Metropolitan Areas for which a local index will be published
semiannually (In January and July)

Pittsburgh, PA

Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN

Kansas City, MO-KS

Milwaukee-Racine, WI

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI

St. Louis, MO-IL

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL

Anchorage, AK

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO

Honolulu, HI

Portland-Salem, OR-WA

San Diego, CA

---------------------------------------------------------------------

BLS to Maintain Current Reference Base of 1982-84=100
for most CPI index series

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) previously
indicated its intention to change the numerical
reference base for both the Consumer Price Index for All
Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) from
their present 1982-84=100 base to a 1993-95=100 base,
effective with release of the January 1999 index in
February 1999.

BLS also indicated that the alternate,

or 1967=100 base, would be discontinued in 1999 as well.
This plan was initially described in the December 1996
Monthly Labor Review, a publication which contained
several articles that dealt with the 1998 CPI Revision.

The BLS has now decided not to implement this rebasing
plan.

Instead, the BLS will maintain the reference base

of 1982-84=100 used for most items.

In addition, the

1967=100 reference base will continue to be the
alternate base for the All Items indexes.

This decision

is based in part on the fact that historical data have
less precision after rebasing.

Rebasing is simply an

arithmetic transformation that does not substantively
impact the index.

Because the rebased index values are

smaller, however, the loss of precision due to rounding
is more serious.

In addition, retaining the old index

reference bases would spare users the inconvenience
associated with conversion.

Changes in the numerical reference base should not be
confused with the plans by BLS to update the market
basket of the CPI.

With release of the January CPI in

February 1998, the expenditure weights applied to CPI
categories will be based on consumer spending patterns
for 1993-95.

If you have any questions about our plans to maintain
the current CPI reference base of 1982-84=100, please
contact Patrick Jackman at area code 202-606-6952.

------------------------------------------------------

Using a hedonic model to adjust prices of personal
computers in the Consumer Price Index for changes in
quality

Effective with the release of data for January 1998,
the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will introduce an
improved quality adjustment technique in the new stratum
of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) called Personal
Computers and Peripheral Equipment.

Currently, personal computers are part of the
Information Processing Equipment stratum.

As previously

announced, beginning with the CPI for January 1998,
Information Processing Equipment

will become an expenditure class entitled Information
and Information Processing Other Than Telephone
Services.

Personal Computers and Peripheral Equipment

will be one of four strata in that expenditure class.

Analysts in the Producer Price Index (PPI) program
have developed and implemented a regression procedure,
called a hedonic model, that decomposes the price of
personal computers into implicit prices for each
important feature and component of the computer.

This

model, which has been used in the PPI since 1991,
provides a way to estimate the value of changes or
improvements.

The CPI has used similar hedonic methods

to adjust apparel prices for many years.

Starting with the CPI for January 1998, when a
personal computer or selected item of peripheral
equipment, such as a modem, in the CPI sample improves
in some way, a regression-based quality adjustment will
be made.

The value of the improvement, as derived from

the PPI regression estimates, will be deducted from the
observed price change for the product.

(Conversely, if

a model deteriorates, the value of the difference will
be added to the price.)

Additional information on these changes will be
published in the June 1997 CPI Detailed Report and is
available on the Internet (at
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm).

This information can

also be obtained by writing to Bureau of Labor
Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and Price
Indexes, Room 3260, 2 Massachusetts Ave. NE, Washington, DC 20212
or by telephoning

Joseph Chelena at (202) 606-6982 ext.

255.

-----------------------------------------------------------------

Calculated Seasonally Adjusted Indexes to be Available
on February 20, 1998

Each year with the release of the January CPI, seasonal
adjustment factors are recalculated to reflect price

movements from the just-completed calendar year.

This

routine annual recalculation may result in revisions to
seasonally adjusted indexes for the previous 5 years.
BLS will make available recalculated seasonally adjusted
indexes, as well as recalculated seasonal adjustment
factors, for the period January 1993 through December
1997, on Friday, February 20, 1998.

This date is two

working days before the scheduled release of the January
1998 CPI on Tuesday, February 24, 1998.

The revised indexes and seasonal factors will be
available on the internet using the BLS FTP server.
address is ftp://146.142.4.23.

The

Select pub, then select

special requests, then select cpi.

The revised seasonal

data will be in the file revseas.cpi.

For further information please contact Claire Gallagher
or Richard Kerr on (202) 606-6968.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+
Relative

Unadjusted indexes

importance,

Unadjusted

Seasonally adjusted

percent change to

December

Nov.

Dec.

Dec. 1997 from-

1996

1997

1997

All items ..................................

100.000

161.5

161.3

1.7

All items (1967=100) .......................

-

483.9

483.2

-

Dec. 1996

Nov. 1997

percent change fromSept. to

Oct. to

Nov. to

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Expenditure category

+

-

0.2

0.1

0.1

-

-

-

Food and beverages .......................

17.484

158.9

159.1

1.6

.1

.2

.1

.0

Food ...................................

15.913

158.5

158.7

1.5

.1

.2

.2

-.1

Food at home .........................

10.040

159.1

159.2

1.0

.1

.2

.1

-.3

Cereals and bakery products ........

1.479

178.0

178.4

1.5

.2

.2

.1

.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....

3.002

149.3

148.4

-1.1

-.6

-.3

.1

-.7

Dairy products 1/ ..................

1.245

147.0

147.8

-.5

.5

1.5

.9

.5

1.974

189.5

191.3

2.2

.9

.3

.4

-1.0

_
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........

+

-0.1

_

+

+

Other food at home .................

2.340

147.7

147.7

2.9

.0

-.1

-.3

.1

Sugar and sweets .................

.331

147.4

147.9

2.2

.3

-.3

.4

.5

Fats and oils ....................

.246

140.4

140.3

-.3

-.1

-.6

-.2

.1

Nonalcoholic beverages ...........

.724

134.7

133.1

4.9

-1.2

-.2

-1.2

-.8

Other prepared food ..............

1.039

161.5

162.8

2.5

.8

.1

.0

.7

Food away from home ..................

5.873

158.6

159.0

2.6

.3

.1

.3

.4

Alcoholic beverages ....................

1.571

163.7

164.0

2.2

.2

.1

.1

.4

Housing 2/ ...............................

41.203

157.7

157.7

2.4

.0

.3

.3

.1

Shelter ................................

28.194

177.7

178.1

3.4

.2

.3

.2

.4

Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................

7.994

185.9

186.1

3.9

.1

.6

.0

.7

Rent, residential ..................

5.731

168.7

169.1

3.1

.2

.2

.2

.3

Other renters' costs 4/ ............

2.263

216.6

216.1

6.0

-.2

1.7

-.5

1.6

20.000

183.9

184.3

3.1

.2

.2

.3

.3

19.616

184.2

184.7

3.1

.3

.2

.3

.3

.383

167.0

167.1

2.9

.1

-.1

.1

.2

_

_

_

+

_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............

+

_

_

Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
+

_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........

+

_

_

Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
+

_

.200

144.9

145.6

2.9

.5

1.5

.1

.5

.123

153.7

154.1

4.1

.3

2.1

.2

.3

.077

132.7

133.9

1.0

.9

.5

.0

.9

7.102

131.1

130.0

.5

-.8

.3

.9

-1.1

3.878

117.7

115.8

-1.1

-1.6

.4

1.5

-2.3

.424

96.6

97.2

-11.9

.6

-.3

.6

-.6

3.453

125.3

123.0

.2

-1.8

.5

1.6

-2.4

3.224

162.8

162.9

2.4

.1

.1

.3

.1

5.908

125.2

125.1

.1

-.1

.1

.1

.0

3.332

109.7

109.5

-1.4

-.2

.1

-.1

.0

_

Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
+

_

_

Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
+

_

_

Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
+

_
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................

+

_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .

+

_
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................

+

_

Housekeeping supplies ................

1.093

143.4

143.4

1.4

.0

-.1

.1

.3

Housekeeping services 4/ .............

1.482

153.7

153.7

2.4

.0

.1

.5

-.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................

5.330

134.7

131.6

1.0

-2.3

.1

.2

.1

Apparel commodities 4/ .................

4.786

131.1

127.7

.9

-2.6

.1

.2

.1

Men's and boys' apparel ..............

1.280

133.0

131.2

2.7

-1.4

.2

-.5

.8

Women's and girls' apparel............

2.102

128.8

123.6

.2

-4.0

-.5

1.0

-.7

Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....

.186

126.0

125.8

-.9

-.2

-.4

-.2

-.2

Footwear .............................

.718

129.3

128.2

1.8

-.9

1.5

-.5

.9

Other apparel commodities 4/..........

.500

143.6

139.6

-1.4

-2.8

.3

-.1

.5

.545

163.4

163.8

1.4

.2

.0

-.2

.2

Transportation ...........................

17.140

143.9

143.2

-1.4

-.5

.1

-.7

-.2

Private transportation .................

15.499

140.6

140.0

-1.2

-.4

-.2

-.5

-.1

New vehicles .........................

4.955

144.0

144.1

-.9

.1

-.3

-.2

-.2

New cars ...........................

3.952

141.3

141.5

-1.0

.1

-.2

-.1

-.3

Used cars ............................

1.278

147.6

147.9

-4.9

.2

-.5

-.1

.3

+

_

+

_

+

_

+

_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................

+

_

_

Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................

3.171
-

104.6

101.9

-6.2

-2.6

-.5

-2.1

-1.0

104.1

101.3

-6.1

-2.7

-.6

-2.3

-1.0

Maintenance and repairs ..............

1.533

164.0

164.7

2.6

.4

.2

.2

.5

Other private transportation 4/.......

4.562

179.0

178.9

1.6

-.1

-.1

-.1

.1

.589

104.5

104.4

-.8

-.1

-.3

.0

-.3

3.973

196.6

196.6

2.0

.0

.0

-.1

.2

Public transportation ..................

1.642

185.9

184.3

-2.9

-.9

2.7

-2.3

-.9

Medical care .............................

7.346

236.4

237.1

2.8

.3

.1

.3

.5

Medical care commodities ...............

1.273

215.8

216.8

2.3

.5

.0

.2

.6

Medical care services ..................

6.073

241.2

241.8

2.9

.2

.1

.4

.5

Professional medical services ........

3.472

217.1

217.5

3.1

.2

.2

.1

.4

Entertainment 4/ .........................

4.352

162.9

163.1

1.4

.1

.2

-.2

.3

1.957

144.3

144.0

-.1

-.2

-.2

-.2

.0

+

_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................

+

_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................

+

+

_

_
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........

+

_

Entertainment services 4/ ..............

2.395

184.6

185.1

2.5

.3

.5

-.3

.4

7.145

229.9

230.1

5.2

.1

.7

.3

.4

Tobacco and smoking products ...........

1.601

250.7

251.2

7.2

.2

1.5

.1

.7

Personal care 1/ .......................

1.145

154.3

154.0

2.3

-.2

.4

.7

-.2

.588

146.1

145.3

1.8

-.5

.6

1.1

-.5

.557

163.5

163.9

3.0

.2

.4

.1

.2

4.398

265.8

266.1

5.2

.1

.5

.4

.4

School books and supplies ............

.264

242.4

242.8

5.1

.2

.7

.2

.5

Personal and educational services 4/ .

4.134

267.8

268.1

5.2

.1

.5

.4

.4

100.000

161.5

161.3

1.7

-.1

.2

.1

.1

+

_

Other goods and services 2/ ..............
+

+

_

_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................

+

_
Personal care services 1/ ............

+

_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...

+

_

+

_

Commodity and service group

All items ..................................

Commodities ..............................

42.873

142.3

141.7

.2

-.4

.0

-.1

.0

Food and beverages .....................

17.484

158.9

159.1

1.6

.1

.2

.1

.0

Commodities less food and beverages ....

25.389

132.2

131.2

-.7

-.8

.0

-.2

-.1

Nondurables less food and beverages ..

15.147

135.3

133.5

-.1

-1.3

.1

-.3

.1

Apparel commodities 4/ .............

4.786

131.1

127.7

.9

-2.6

.1

.2

.1

and apparel ....................

10.362

140.6

139.5

-.7

-.8

-.1

-.6

.2

Durables .............................

10.242

127.9

128.0

-1.5

.1

-.1

-.1

-.1

Services .................................

57.127

181.0

181.0

2.8

.0

.3

.2

.2

Rent of shelter 3/ .....................

27.577

185.0

185.3

3.3

.2

.3

.3

.4

8.698

146.7

145.7

1.6

-.7

.4

.8

-.9

Transportation services ................

7.148

186.2

186.0

1.0

-.1

.6

-.6

.1

Medical care services ..................

6.073

241.2

241.8

2.9

.2

.1

.4

.5

Other services .........................

7.631

212.7

213.1

4.0

.2

.4

.1

.4

84.087

162.1

161.8

1.8

-.2

.2

.1

.1

+

_
Nondurables less food, beverages,

+

_
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................

+

_

_

Special indexes

All items less food ........................

All items less shelter .....................

71.806

156.8

156.4

1.1

-.3

.2

.1

-.1

All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......

80.000

162.2

161.8

1.4

-.2

.2

.1

.0

All items less medical care ................

92.654

157.3

157.0

1.6

-.2

.2

.1

.1

Commodities less food ......................

26.960

133.5

132.6

-.5

-.7

-.1

-.2

.0

Nondurables less food ......................

16.718

137.0

135.3

.0

-1.2

.1

-.2

.0

Nondurables less food and apparel ..........

11.932

141.9

141.0

-.4

-.6

-.1

-.3

-.1

Nondurables ................................

32.631

147.3

146.5

.8

-.5

.0

.1

-.1

Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........

29.550

189.8

189.5

2.3

-.2

.4

.2

.1

Services less medical care services ........

51.054

175.4

175.4

2.8

.0

.5

.1

.2

Energy .....................................

7.049

110.7

108.4

-3.4

-2.1

.1

-.2

-1.6

All items less energy ......................

92.951

168.3

168.3

2.1

.0

.2

.1

.2

All items less food and energy ...........

77.038

170.8

170.7

2.2

-.1

.2

.1

.2

energy commodities .................

23.364

142.8

142.1

.4

-.5

.1

.0

.1

Energy commodities ...................

3.596

103.9

101.6

-6.9

-2.2

-.4

-1.9

-.9

Services less energy services ..........

53.674

186.7

186.9

3.0

.1

.3

.1

.4

-

$.619

$.620

-1.7

.2

-.2

.0

.2

-

.207

.207

+

_

+

_

_

_

Commodities less food and

Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
+

_
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................

-

-

-

-

-

+

_

+

1/
+

_
2/

+

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.

_
4/

+

This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.

_
3/

+

Not seasonally adjusted.

This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.

_
See Table X for a comparable index series.
-

Data not available.

NOTE:

Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended-

6 months ended-

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Mar.

June

Sept.

Dec.

June

Dec.

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

Expenditure category

All items ....................................

+

-

-

-

1.8

1.0

2.5

1.5

1.4

2.0

Food and beverages .........................

158.7

159.0

159.2

159.2

.5

1.5

3.3

1.3

1.0

2.3

Food .....................................

158.4

158.7

159.0

158.9

.3

1.5

3.4

1.3

.9

2.3

Food at home ...........................

159.1

159.4

159.6

159.2

-1.3

1.3

3.6

.3

.0

1.9

Cereals and bakery products ..........

178.3

178.7

178.9

179.3

.9

1.4

1.6

2.3

1.1

1.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......

149.1

148.7

148.8

147.8

-5.8

4.1

1.4

-3.4

-.9

-1.1

Dairy products 1/ ....................

143.5

145.7

147.0

147.8

-6.6

-5.4

-1.7

12.5

-6.0

5.2

190.8

191.4

192.1

190.1

4.2

-5.2

12.4

-1.5

-.6

5.2

Other food at home ...................

149.0

148.8

148.3

148.5

1.7

7.7

3.6

-1.3

4.6

1.1

Sugar and sweets ...................

148.4

147.9

148.5

149.2

.0

5.9

.8

2.2

2.9

1.5

_
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............

+

-

_

+

+

Fats and oils ......................

142.5

141.7

141.4

141.6

.0

-1.7

3.1

-2.5

-.8

.3

Nonalcoholic beverages .............

136.9

136.6

135.0

133.9

4.1

19.6

6.1

-8.5

11.6

-1.5

Other prepared food ................

162.1

162.3

162.3

163.5

1.0

2.5

2.8

3.5

1.8

3.1

Food away from home ....................

157.8

158.0

158.4

159.0

2.9

1.5

3.1

3.1

2.2

3.1

Alcoholic beverages ......................

163.7

163.8

164.0

164.7

1.2

2.0

3.2

2.5

1.6

2.9

Housing 2/ .................................

157.3

157.7

158.2

158.4

2.3

2.3

2.1

2.8

2.3

2.4

Shelter ..................................

177.0

177.5

177.9

178.7

3.3

3.5

2.8

3.9

3.4

3.3

Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................

186.4

187.6

187.6

188.9

4.9

3.3

2.2

5.5

4.1

3.8

Rent, residential ....................

167.8

168.2

168.6

169.1

2.7

3.4

3.2

3.1

3.1

3.1

Other renters' costs 4/ ..............

224.8

228.6

227.5

231.1

10.9

2.7

-.7

11.7

6.7

5.3

182.6

182.9

183.5

184.1

2.7

3.2

3.1

3.3

2.9

3.2

183.0

183.3

183.9

184.5

2.5

3.4

3.1

3.3

2.9

3.2

166.8

166.7

166.9

167.3

2.5

4.0

4.2

1.2

3.2

2.7

142.6

144.7

144.9

145.6

2.6

2.6

-1.9

8.7

2.6

3.2

_

_

_

+

_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................

+

_

_

Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
+

_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............

+

_

_

Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
+

_

_

Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/

150.2

153.4

153.7

154.1

1.1

4.4

.5

10.8

2.7

5.5

132.1

132.7

132.7

133.9

5.2

-.6

-5.8

5.6

2.3

-.3

130.7

131.1

132.3

130.8

.6

-.9

1.5

.3

-.2

.9

116.5

117.0

118.8

116.1

.0

-4.3

.7

-1.4

-2.2

-.3

96.8

96.5

97.1

96.5

-22.9

-12.3

-9.7

-1.2

-17.8

-5.6

services).........................

124.1

124.7

126.7

123.7

3.3

-3.5

2.0

-1.3

-.2

.3

Other utilities and public services 4/ .

162.5

162.7

163.2

163.4

1.5

3.3

2.5

2.2

2.4

2.4

125.2

125.3

125.4

125.4

-.3

1.9

-1.6

.6

.8

-.5

110.0

110.1

110.0

110.0

-1.8

1.5

-4.6

.0

-.2

-2.3

Housekeeping supplies ..................

143.3

143.1

143.2

143.7

2.3

1.4

.8

1.1

1.8

1.0

Housekeeping services 4/ ...............

153.1

153.3

154.0

153.9

.5

3.5

3.5

2.1

2.0

2.8

+

_

_

Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
+

_

_

Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
+

_
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy

+

_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...

+

_
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................

+

+

_

_

Apparel and upkeep .........................

132.6

132.7

132.9

133.0

1.2

3.4

-2.1

1.2

2.3

-.4

Apparel commodities 4/ ...................

128.7

128.8

129.1

129.2

.9

3.8

-2.4

1.6

2.4

-.5

Men's and boys' apparel ................

131.0

131.2

130.6

131.6

-.6

5.4

4.1

1.8

2.4

3.0

Women's and girls' apparel .............

125.5

124.9

126.1

125.2

2.9

5.2

-5.8

-1.0

4.0

-3.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......

126.7

126.2

126.0

125.8

9.1

10.2

-17.4

-2.8

9.7

-10.4

Footwear ...............................

127.4

129.3

128.6

129.8

-3.7

-.6

4.5

7.8

-2.2

6.1

Other apparel commodities 4/............

143.7

144.1

144.0

144.7

2.2

-3.2

-6.9

2.8

-.5

-2.2

163.7

163.7

163.4

163.8

2.2

2.0

1.2

.2

2.1

.7

Transportation .............................

144.8

144.9

143.9

143.6

-.8

-5.9

4.5

-3.3

-3.4

.6

Private transportation ...................

141.7

141.4

140.7

140.5

.3

-6.8

5.2

-3.3

-3.3

.9

New vehicles ...........................

144.4

144.0

143.7

143.4

-.3

-.8

.3

-2.7

-.6

-1.2

New cars .............................

141.7

141.4

141.2

140.8

-.6

-.8

.0

-2.5

-.7

-1.3

Used cars ..............................

147.8

147.0

146.8

147.3

7.2

-16.2

-8.0

-1.3

-5.2

-4.7

Motor fuel .............................

108.0

107.5

105.2

104.2

-5.6

-26.5

28.7

-13.3

-16.7

5.6

Gasoline .............................

107.8

107.2

104.7

103.7

-5.3

-26.6

30.3

-14.4

-16.6

5.6

Maintenance and repairs ................

163.2

163.5

163.9

164.8

2.0

3.3

1.0

4.0

2.6

2.5

Other private transportation 4/.........

178.2

178.1

178.0

178.2

3.2

1.1

2.3

.0

2.2

1.1

+

_

+

_

+

_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................

+

_

_

+

_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................

104.8

104.5

104.5

104.2

-.8

.4

-.4

-2.3

-.2

-1.3

195.8

195.8

195.6

196.0

3.8

1.2

2.7

.4

2.5

1.5

Public transportation ....................

186.7

191.7

187.2

185.6

-10.6

2.8

-1.1

-2.3

-4.1

-1.7

Medical care ...............................

235.9

236.1

236.9

238.0

3.0

2.9

1.7

3.6

3.0

2.7

Medical care commodities .................

215.7

215.6

216.0

217.2

4.0

2.8

-.6

2.8

3.4

1.1

Medical care services ....................

240.3

240.5

241.4

242.6

2.7

3.1

2.2

3.9

2.9

3.0

Professional medical services ..........

216.6

217.0

217.3

218.1

4.0

3.4

2.1

2.8

3.7

2.4

Entertainment 4/ ...........................

163.0

163.3

162.9

163.4

1.5

3.0

.2

1.0

2.2

.6

144.9

144.6

144.3

144.3

-.6

-.3

2.2

-1.6

-.4

.3

184.2

185.1

184.6

185.4

2.9

5.8

-1.1

2.6

4.4

.8

227.5

229.1

229.9

230.8

5.4

4.8

4.7

5.9

5.1

5.3

+

_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................

+

+

_

_
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............

+

_
Entertainment services 4/ ................

+

_

Other goods and services 2/.................
+

_

+

Tobacco and smoking products .............

246.5

250.2

250.4

252.2

5.6

3.6

10.2

9.6

4.6

9.9

Personal care 1/ .........................

152.7

153.3

154.3

154.0

3.5

2.7

-.3

3.4

3.1

1.6

143.7

144.5

146.1

145.3

2.3

1.7

-1.4

4.5

2.0

1.5

162.8

163.4

163.5

163.9

5.1

3.5

.5

2.7

4.3

1.6

262.5

263.7

264.7

265.8

5.8

5.9

3.9

5.1

5.9

4.5

School books and supplies ..............

241.0

242.6

243.1

244.2

2.6

8.3

3.9

5.4

5.4

4.7

Personal and educational services 4/ ...

264.0

265.2

266.2

267.3

6.0

5.7

4.0

5.1

5.8

4.6

1.8

1.0

2.5

1.5

1.4

2.0

_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................

+

_
Personal care services 1/ ..............

+

_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....

+

_

+

_

Commodity and service group

All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

Commodities ................................

142.3

142.3

142.2

142.2

.0

-1.4

2.9

-.3

-.7

1.3

Food and beverages .......................

158.7

159.0

159.2

159.2

.5

1.5

3.3

1.3

1.0

2.3

Commodities less food and beverages ......

132.3

132.3

132.0

131.9

-.3

-3.3

2.1

-1.2

-1.8

.5

Nondurables less food and beverages ....

135.2

135.3

134.9

135.0

-1.8

-3.2

5.2

-.6

-2.5

2.3

Apparel commodities 4/ ...............

128.7

128.8

129.1

129.2

.9

3.8

-2.4

1.6

2.4

-.5

+

_
Nondurables less food, beverages,

+

and apparel ......................

141.4

141.3

140.5

140.8

-1.1

-8.2

9.0

-1.7

-4.7

3.5

Durables ...............................

128.1

128.0

127.9

127.8

-.3

-1.8

-2.8

-.9

-1.1

-1.9

Services ...................................

180.4

181.0

181.4

181.7

2.7

3.0

2.5

2.9

2.8

2.7

Rent of shelter 3/ .......................

184.4

185.0

185.5

186.2

3.4

3.3

2.4

4.0

3.4

3.2

146.1

146.7

147.9

146.6

2.5

.8

1.7

1.4

1.7

1.5

Transportation services ..................

185.7

186.9

185.8

185.9

.0

2.0

1.5

.4

1.0

1.0

Medical care services ....................

240.3

240.5

241.4

242.6

2.7

3.1

2.2

3.9

2.9

3.0

Other services ...........................

211.5

212.4

212.7

213.5

4.8

5.3

1.9

3.8

5.0

2.9

All items less food ..........................

161.7

162.0

162.2

162.4

1.8

1.0

2.5

1.7

1.4

2.1

All items less shelter .......................

156.5

156.8

156.9

156.8

1.0

.3

2.3

.8

.6

1.5

All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........

162.0

162.4

162.5

162.5

1.5

.5

2.3

1.2

1.0

1.7

All items less medical care ..................

156.9

157.2

157.3

157.4

1.6

1.0

2.6

1.3

1.3

1.9

Commodities less food ........................

133.8

133.7

133.4

133.4

.0

-3.2

2.4

-1.2

-1.6

.6

_
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................

+

_

_

Special indexes

+

_

_

Nondurables less food ........................

136.9

137.0

136.7

136.7

-1.5

-2.9

5.1

-.6

-2.2

2.2

Nondurables less food and apparel ............

143.2

143.0

142.5

142.3

-1.9

-6.6

10.4

-2.5

-4.3

3.8

Nondurables ..................................

147.1

147.1

147.3

147.2

-.3

-1.1

4.5

.3

-.7

2.4

Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............

188.9

189.6

190.0

190.1

2.2

2.8

1.9

2.6

2.5

2.2

Services less medical care services ..........

174.7

175.5

175.7

176.1

2.8

2.6

2.6

3.2

2.7

2.9

Energy .......................................

111.6

111.7

111.5

109.7

-2.8

-14.7

11.9

-6.6

-8.9

2.2

All items less energy ........................

168.0

168.3

168.5

168.9

1.9

2.4

1.9

2.2

2.2

2.0

All items less food and energy .............

170.4

170.8

171.0

171.4

2.4

2.4

1.7

2.4

2.4

2.0

commodities ..........................

142.3

142.4

142.4

142.5

1.1

.6

-.6

.6

.8

.0

Energy commodities .....................

106.8

106.4

104.4

103.5

-8.0

-24.9

23.6

-11.8

-16.9

4.4

Services less energy services ............

186.1

186.7

186.9

187.6

2.7

3.5

2.4

3.3

3.1

2.8

+

_

Commodities less food and energy

+

1/
+

_
2/

+

This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.

_
3/

+

Not seasonally adjusted.

_

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.

4/
+

This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.

_
See Table X for a comparable index series.
-

Data not available.

NOTE:

Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+
Indexes
Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

+

Percent change to

Percent change to

Dec. 1997 from-

Nov. 1997 from-

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Dec.

Oct.

Nov.

Nov.

Sept.

Oct.

1997

1997

1997

1997

1996

1997

1997

1996

1997

1997

_

U.S. city average ......................

M

161.2

161.6

161.5

161.3

1.7

-0.2

-0.1

1.8

0.2

-0.1

Region and area size 2/
+

_

Northeast urban.........................

M

168.4

168.7

168.5

168.4

1.6

-.2

-.1

1.9

.1

-.1

Size A -

More than 1,200,000 ........

M

169.2

169.5

169.3

169.1

1.7

-.2

-.1

2.0

.1

-.1

Size B -

500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....

M

166.0

166.0

165.8

165.9

1.0

-.1

.1

1.7

-.1

-.1

M

167.1

167.6

167.5

167.2

1.6

-.2

-.2

1.9

.2

-.1

M

157.5

157.7

157.7

157.3

1.3

-.3

-.3

1.7

.1

.0

+

_
Size C -

50,000 to 500,000 3/........

+

_

North Central urban ....................
Size A -

More than 1,200,000 ........

M

158.3

158.4

158.4

158.1

1.7

-.2

-.2

2.0

.1

.0

Size B -

360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....

M

156.2

156.7

156.9

155.8

.8

-.6

-.7

1.6

.4

.1

M

159.6

159.7

159.3

159.5

1.1

-.1

.1

1.4

-.2

-.3

(less than 50,000) .........

M

153.4

153.2

153.7

153.0

.7

-.1

-.5

1.2

.2

.3

South urban ............................

M

157.5

157.8

157.8

157.3

1.4

-.3

-.3

1.7

.2

.0

+

_
Size C -

50,000 to 360,000 3/........

+

_
Size D -

Nonmetropolitan

Size A -

More than 1,200,000 ........

M

156.4

156.7

156.4

156.3

1.5

-.3

-.1

1.7

.0

-.2

Size B -

450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....

M

160.6

160.9

161.2

160.8

1.6

-.1

-.2

1.9

.4

.2

+

_
Size C -

50,000 to 450,000 3/........

M

156.7

157.2

157.3

155.9

1.0

-.8

-.9

1.7

.4

.1

(less than 50,000) .........

M

157.1

156.9

157.1

157.0

1.7

.1

-.1

1.6

.0

.1

West urban .............................

M

162.1

162.8

162.8

162.8

2.6

.0

.0

2.3

.4

.0

+

_
Size D -

Nonmetropolitan

Size A -

More than 1,250,000 ........

M

162.3

163.1

162.8

163.1

2.8

.0

.2

2.3

.3

-.2

Size C -

50,000 to 330,000 3/........

M

167.4

168.3

169.2

168.5

2.8

.1

-.4

3.2

1.1

.5

M

145.6

146.0

145.8

145.7

2.0

-.2

-.1

2.0

.1

-.1

M

161.2

161.5

161.6

161.1

1.3

-.2

-.3

1.7

.2

.1

M

161.0

161.5

161.6

160.9

1.5

-.4

-.4

2.0

.4

.1

M

157.4

157.6

157.8

157.5

1.3

-.1

-.2

1.3

.3

.1

+

_

Size classes
A 4/ .................................
+

_
B 3/ .................................

+

_
C 3/ .................................

+

_
D ....................................

Selected local areas

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......

M

162.1

162.5

162.9

162.8

1.9

.2

-.1

2.2

.5

.2

Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......

M

160.5

161.1

160.7

161.2

1.8

.1

.3

1.5

.1

-.2

N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT

M

171.7

172.3

172.0

171.9

2.0

-.2

-.1

2.1

.2

-.2

M

168.6

167.7

166.4

166.4

1.3

-.8

.0

1.3

-1.3

-.8

M

161.6

162.5

162.6

162.6

4.2

.1

.0

3.6

.6

.1

1

156.7

-

156.0

-

-

-

-

.8

-.4

-

Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........

1

167.8

-

169.4

-

-

-

-

1.9

1.0

-

Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............

1

157.3

-

157.1

-

-

-

-

2.1

-.1

-

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............

1

158.5

-

159.5

-

-

-

-

2.0

.6

-

St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....

1

155.1

-

152.9

-

-

-

-

1.0

-1.4

-

1

163.6

-

161.8

-

-

-

-

.4

-1.1

-

Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
+

_
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..

+

_

Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
+

_

+

_
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................

+

_

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................

2

-

152.8

-

152.5

1.7

-.2

-

-

-

-

Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................

2

-

157.9

-

157.1

1.8

-.5

-

-

-

-

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........

2

-

147.3

-

145.6

1.4

-1.2

-

-

-

-

Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........
+

2

-

157.9

-

157.1

1.1

-.5

-

-

_

+

1/
+

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as

_
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2/

+

Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current

_
Size Class B and Size Class C cities.
4/

+

There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.

Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.

_
5/

+

See map in technical notes.

_
3/

+

Regions defined as the four Census regions.

Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly

_
basis starting in January, 1998.
bi-monthly basis.

Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a

-

-

6/
+

Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.

_
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
7/

+

Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly

_
basis after December, 1997.

Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each

January and July.
-

Data not available.

NOTE:

Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program.

Each local index has a smaller sample size than

the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error.

As a

result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar.

Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average

CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+

Relative

Unadjusted indexes

importance,

Unadjusted

Seasonally adjusted

percent change to

percent change from-

December

Nov.

Dec.

Dec. 1997 from-

1996

1997

1997

All items ..................................

100.000

158.5

158.2

1.5

All items (1967=100) .......................

-

472.2

471.3

-

Food and beverages .......................

19.436

158.3

158.5

1.5

.1

.2

.1

.0

Food ...................................

17.749

157.9

158.1

1.5

.1

.2

.1

-.1

Food at home .........................

11.387

158.1

158.2

.8

.1

.3

.1

-.3

Cereals and bakery products ........

1.688

177.8

178.1

1.5

.2

.3

.1

.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....

3.535

149.0

148.0

-1.2

-.7

-.2

.0

-.7

Dairy products 1/ ..................

1.387

146.8

147.5

-.7

.5

1.6

.9

.5

2.086

188.4

190.0

2.2

.8

.5

.2

-1.1

Other food at home .................

2.691

147.0

147.1

2.7

.1

-.1

-.4

.2

Sugar and sweets .................

.373

147.3

147.7

2.2

.3

-.3

.4

.6

Fats and oils ....................

.282

140.2

140.0

-.3

-.1

-.4

-.1

.1

Dec. 1996

Nov. 1997

Sept. to

Oct. to

Oct.

Nov.

Nov. to
Dec.

Expenditure category

+

-

0.2

0.1

0.1

-

-

-

_
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........

+

-0.2

_

+

+

Nonalcoholic beverages ...........

.841

133.3

131.7

4.1

-1.2

-.1

-1.1

-.7

Other prepared food ..............

1.194

161.3

162.7

2.5

.9

.1

-.1

.7

Food away from home ..................

6.362

158.6

159.0

2.6

.3

.2

.3

.3

Alcoholic beverages ....................

1.687

162.8

163.1

2.0

.2

.1

.1

.4

Housing 2/ ...............................

38.747

154.5

154.4

2.3

-.1

.2

.4

.0

Shelter ................................

25.867

172.8

173.1

3.2

.2

.3

.2

.4

Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................

8.079

162.7

163.1

3.7

.2

.4

.1

.7

Rent, residential ..................

6.580

168.4

168.8

3.1

.2

.2

.2

.3

Other renters' costs 4/ ............

1.499

215.6

215.8

5.9

.1

1.2

-.4

1.8

17.599

167.6

168.0

3.1

.2

.2

.3

.3

17.277

167.9

168.3

3.0

.2

.2

.3

.4

.322

151.4

151.6

3.0

.1

.1

.1

.3

.189

142.8

143.4

2.4

.4

1.1

.1

.4

_

_

_

+

_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............

+

_

_

Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
+

_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........

+

_

_

Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
+

_
Maintenance and repair

_

services 1/ 4/ .................

.105

154.7

155.2

3.4

.3

1.4

.2

.3

.084

127.9

128.6

1.2

.5

.5

.1

.5

7.344

130.9

129.7

.5

-.9

.4

1.0

-1.3

3.979

117.3

115.2

-1.1

-1.8

.6

1.5

-2.5

.391

96.4

97.0

-12.3

.6

-.2

.5

-.9

3.588

124.9

122.4

.1

-2.0

.6

1.7

-2.6

3.365

163.6

163.7

2.6

.1

.1

.3

.1

5.536

123.7

123.6

.1

-.1

.1

.0

.1

3.261

108.5

108.3

-1.4

-.2

.1

-.2

-.1

Housekeeping supplies ................

1.129

144.2

144.3

1.6

.1

.0

.2

.3

Housekeeping services 4/ .............

1.145

156.6

156.7

2.5

.1

.1

.4

.1

+

_

_

Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
+

_

_

Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
+

_
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................

+

_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .

+

_
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................

+

+

_

_

Apparel and upkeep .......................

5.348

133.6

130.3

.8

-2.5

.1

.1

-.1

Apparel commodities 4/ .................

4.838

130.2

126.6

.7

-2.8

.1

.2

-.1

Men's and boys' apparel ..............

1.286

132.7

130.7

2.5

-1.5

-.1

-.3

.8

Women's and girls' apparel............

2.053

127.0

121.5

-.2

-4.3

-.6

.8

-1.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....

.240

127.1

126.5

-1.2

-.5

-.5

-.5

-.5

Footwear .............................

.799

130.4

129.2

1.7

-.9

1.7

-.7

.9

Other apparel commodities 4/..........

.461

143.5

138.5

-.9

-3.5

1.0

.1

.1

.510

162.6

162.9

1.5

.2

.0

-.1

.2

Transportation ...........................

19.190

143.1

142.4

-1.7

-.5

-.1

-.7

-.1

Private transportation .................

17.934

140.8

140.1

-1.6

-.5

-.1

-.6

-.1

New vehicles .........................

4.893

145.1

145.3

-.8

.1

-.1

-.4

-.1

New cars ...........................

3.533

140.8

140.9

-1.3

.1

-.2

-.3

-.3

Used cars ............................

2.320

149.2

149.5

-4.7

.2

-.5

-.1

.5

Motor fuel ...........................

3.921

104.4

101.7

-6.6

-2.6

-.5

-2.2

-.9

104.0

101.2

-6.6

-2.7

-.6

-2.4

-.9

165.1

165.7

2.7

.4

.1

.2

.6

+

_

+

_

+

_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................

+

_

_

Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............

1.616

Other private transportation 4/.......

5.185

174.3

174.3

1.6

.0

-.1

.0

.1

.742

103.6

103.7

-.6

.1

-.2

-.1

.0

4.442

192.3

192.3

2.0

.0

.0

.0

.1

Public transportation ..................

1.256

183.9

182.5

-2.4

-.8

2.2

-1.7

-.4

Medical care .............................

6.251

235.8

236.5

2.8

.3

.2

.3

.5

Medical care commodities ...............

1.047

213.1

214.1

2.2

.5

.0

.3

.4

Medical care services ..................

5.204

240.8

241.6

2.9

.3

.2

.2

.5

Professional medical services ........

2.973

218.5

218.9

3.1

.2

.2

.2

.3

Entertainment 4/ .........................

4.015

160.3

160.4

1.3

.1

.1

-.2

.2

2.036

142.9

142.8

-.1

-.1

-.3

-.3

.2

1.979

184.9

185.4

2.6

.3

.4

-.3

.4

+

_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................

+

_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................

+

+

_

_
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........

+

_
Entertainment services 4/ ..............

+

_

Other goods and services 2/ ..............

7.012

226.7

226.9

5.4

.1

.8

.4

.4

Tobacco and smoking products ...........

2.117

250.5

250.9

7.3

.2

1.5

.1

.7

Personal care 1/ .......................

1.107

154.3

153.9

2.3

-.3

.5

.7

-.3

.610

147.1

146.1

1.8

-.7

.5

1.2

-.7

.497

163.7

164.1

2.9

.2

.3

.1

.2

3.788

261.2

261.6

5.4

.2

.4

.3

.6

School books and supplies ............

.232

244.7

245.2

5.3

.2

.6

.3

.5

Personal and educational services 4/ .

3.556

262.8

263.2

5.4

.2

.4

.3

.6

All items ..................................

100.000

158.5

158.2

1.5

-.2

.2

.1

.1

Commodities ..............................

47.057

142.1

141.6

.1

-.4

.1

-.1

-.1

Food and beverages .....................

19.436

158.3

158.5

1.5

.1

.2

.1

.0

Commodities less food and beverages ....

27.621

132.3

131.3

-.8

-.8

.0

-.4

.0

+

+

_

_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................

+

_
Personal care services 1/ ............

+

_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...

+

_

+

_

Commodity and service group

Nondurables less food and beverages ..

16.215

135.1

133.1

-.4

-1.5

.1

-.4

.1

Apparel commodities 4/ .............

4.838

130.2

126.6

.7

-2.8

.1

.2

-.1

and apparel ....................

11.377

140.5

139.3

-.8

-.9

-.1

-.6

.3

Durables .............................

11.407

127.3

127.5

-1.6

.2

-.1

-.3

.1

Services .................................

52.943

178.1

178.2

2.8

.1

.3

.3

.2

Rent of shelter 3/ .....................

25.329

166.3

166.6

3.2

.2

.2

.2

.3

8.553

134.8

133.7

1.5

-.8

.4

.8

-.9

Transportation services ................

7.314

184.0

183.9

1.3

-.1

.4

-.2

.1

Medical care services ..................

5.204

240.8

241.6

2.9

.3

.2

.2

.5

Other services .........................

6.542

209.5

209.9

4.1

.2

.4

.1

.4

All items less food ........................

82.251

158.5

158.1

1.5

-.3

.2

.1

.1

All items less shelter .....................

74.133

154.7

154.2

.9

-.3

.2

.0

-.1

All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......

82.401

148.5

148.1

1.2

-.3

.2

.1

.0

+

_
Nondurables less food, beverages,

+

_
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................

+

_

_

Special indexes

+

_

_

All items less medical care ................

93.749

154.9

154.5

1.4

-.3

.2

.1

.0

Commodities less food ......................

29.308

133.5

132.5

-.7

-.7

.0

-.3

.0

Nondurables less food ......................

17.901

136.7

135.0

-.1

-1.2

.0

-.3

-.1

Nondurables less food and apparel ..........

13.064

141.7

140.7

-.4

-.7

-.1

-.5

-.1

Nondurables ................................

35.651

147.0

146.2

.7

-.5

.1

-.1

-.1

Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........

27.613

169.1

168.8

2.3

-.2

.4

.3

-.1

Services less medical care services ........

47.738

172.8

172.7

2.7

-.1

.4

.2

.1

Energy .....................................

7.901

110.1

107.7

-3.8

-2.2

.1

-.3

-1.7

All items less energy ......................

92.099

165.3

165.2

1.9

-.1

.2

.1

.2

All items less food and energy ...........

74.350

167.2

167.1

2.1

-.1

.2

.1

.3

energy commodities .................

24.996

142.2

141.5

.4

-.5

.1

.0

.1

Energy commodities ...................

4.312

104.0

101.6

-7.1

-2.3

-.4

-2.1

-.9

Services less energy services ..........

49.354

184.0

184.3

3.0

.2

.3

.1

.4

-

$.631

$.632

-1.4

.2

-.2

.0

.2

-

.212

.212

+

_

_

Commodities less food and

Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
+

_
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................

+

+

_

-

-

-

-

-

1/
+

_
2/

+

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.

_
4/

+

This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.

_
3/

+

Not seasonally adjusted.

This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.

_
See Table X for a comparable index series.
-

Data not available.

NOTE:

Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for

3 months ended-

6 months ended-

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Mar.

June

Sept.

Dec.

June

Dec.

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

Expenditure category

All items ....................................

+

-

-

-

1.5

0.5

2.6

1.3

1.0

1.9

Food and beverages .........................

158.2

158.5

158.7

158.7

.3

1.5

3.1

1.3

.9

2.2

Food .....................................

157.8

158.1

158.3

158.2

.3

1.5

3.1

1.0

.9

2.1

Food at home ...........................

158.2

158.6

158.7

158.2

-1.5

1.8

3.1

.0

.1

1.5

Cereals and bakery products ..........

177.9

178.4

178.6

179.0

.9

1.6

1.1

2.5

1.3

1.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......

148.7

148.4

148.4

147.4

-6.3

4.4

1.1

-3.5

-1.1

-1.2

Dairy products 1/ ....................

143.2

145.5

146.8

147.5

-7.1

-5.4

-1.7

12.6

-6.2

5.2

190.2

191.1

191.4

189.2

4.8

-4.6

11.7

-2.1

.0

4.6

Other food at home ...................

148.3

148.2

147.6

147.9

1.1

7.1

3.6

-1.1

4.1

1.2

Sugar and sweets ...................

148.2

147.7

148.3

149.2

.0

5.6

.8

2.7

2.8

1.8

Fats and oils ......................

142.0

141.4

141.2

141.4

.0

-1.4

2.0

-1.7

-.7

.1

Nonalcoholic beverages .............

135.4

135.2

133.7

132.7

2.9

17.9

5.2

-7.7

10.1

-1.5

Other prepared food ................

162.1

162.3

162.1

163.3

.3

2.8

3.5

3.0

1.5

3.3

_
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............

+

-

_

+

+

Food away from home ....................

157.8

158.1

158.5

159.0

3.4

1.0

3.1

3.1

2.2

3.1

Alcoholic beverages ......................

162.8

163.0

163.2

163.8

1.0

2.0

2.5

2.5

1.5

2.5

Housing 2/ .................................

153.9

154.2

154.8

154.8

2.4

2.1

2.1

2.4

2.3

2.2

Shelter ..................................

172.0

172.5

172.9

173.6

3.1

3.3

2.6

3.8

3.2

3.2

Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................

162.9

163.6

163.7

164.8

3.8

4.1

2.2

4.7

3.9

3.5

Rent, residential ....................

167.5

167.9

168.3

168.8

2.5

3.7

3.2

3.1

3.1

3.2

Other renters' costs 4/ ..............

224.7

227.5

226.5

230.5

9.1

6.1

-1.8

10.7

7.6

4.3

166.5

166.8

167.3

167.8

3.0

3.0

2.9

3.2

3.0

3.0

166.8

167.1

167.6

168.2

3.0

3.0

2.9

3.4

3.0

3.2

151.1

151.2

151.3

151.7

3.0

3.3

4.1

1.6

3.1

2.8

141.1

142.6

142.8

143.4

2.3

2.3

-1.7

6.7

2.3

2.4

152.2

154.4

154.7

155.2

.5

4.6

.5

8.1

2.5

4.3

_

_

_

+

_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................

+

_

_

Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
+

_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............

+

_

_

Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
+

_

_

Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
+

_
Maintenance and repair

_

commodities 1/ 4/ ................
+

127.2

127.8

127.9

128.6

5.1

-.3

-4.3

4.5

2.4

.0

130.4

130.9

132.2

130.5

1.2

-1.2

1.9

.3

.0

1.1

115.8

116.5

118.3

115.4

.7

-4.7

.7

-1.4

-2.0

-.3

96.6

96.4

96.9

96.0

-23.8

-12.6

-9.0

-2.5

-18.4

-5.8

services).........................

123.5

124.3

126.4

123.1

3.6

-4.1

2.0

-1.3

-.3

.3

Other utilities and public services 4/ .

163.3

163.5

164.0

164.2

2.0

3.0

3.0

2.2

2.5

2.6

123.7

123.8

123.8

123.9

-.6

1.6

-1.3

.6

.5

-.3

108.9

109.0

108.8

108.7

-1.8

1.1

-3.9

-.7

-.4

-2.3

Housekeeping supplies ..................

143.8

143.8

144.1

144.6

2.6

1.1

.6

2.2

1.8

1.4

Housekeeping services 4/ ...............

156.0

156.2

156.8

156.9

.0

4.2

3.7

2.3

2.1

3.0

Apparel and upkeep .........................

131.7

131.8

131.9

131.8

1.8

3.4

-2.4

.3

2.6

-1.1

Apparel commodities 4/ ...................

128.2

128.3

128.5

128.4

2.2

3.5

-3.1

.6

2.8

-1.2

_

_

Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
+

_
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy

+

_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...

+

_
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................

+

_

+

+

_

_

Men's and boys' apparel ................

130.8

130.7

130.3

131.3

-.6

5.1

4.4

1.5

2.2

3.0

Women's and girls' apparel .............

124.5

123.7

124.7

123.5

5.6

4.2

-6.8

-3.2

4.9

-5.0

Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......

128.3

127.7

127.1

126.5

8.4

9.8

-15.5

-5.5

9.1

-10.6

Footwear ...............................

128.3

130.5

129.6

130.8

-4.6

.0

4.2

8.0

-2.3

6.1

Other apparel commodities 4/............

142.8

144.2

144.4

144.5

1.7

-.3

-9.0

4.8

.7

-2.3

162.8

162.8

162.6

162.9

2.5

1.7

1.5

.2

2.1

.9

Transportation .............................

144.0

143.9

142.9

142.8

-.3

-7.5

4.9

-3.3

-4.0

.7

Private transportation ...................

141.7

141.5

140.6

140.5

.6

-7.9

4.6

-3.3

-3.7

.6

New vehicles ...........................

145.6

145.4

144.8

144.6

.3

-.8

.0

-2.7

-.3

-1.4

New cars .............................

141.3

141.0

140.6

140.2

-.3

-1.4

.0

-3.1

-.8

-1.6

Used cars ..............................

149.2

148.5

148.3

149.0

7.4

-15.6

-8.4

-.5

-4.8

-4.5

Motor fuel .............................

107.8

107.3

104.9

104.0

-6.6

-25.9

26.7

-13.4

-16.8

4.8

Gasoline .............................

107.8

107.2

104.6

103.7

-7.0

-26.3

29.8

-14.4

-17.2

5.4

Maintenance and repairs ................

164.4

164.6

164.9

165.9

2.5

3.2

1.5

3.7

2.9

2.6

Other private transportation 4/.........

173.7

173.6

173.6

173.7

3.3

1.2

2.1

.0

2.2

1.0

103.9

103.7

103.6

103.6

-.4

.0

-.4

-1.1

-.2

-.8

+

_

+

_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................

+

+

_

_

_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................

+

_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................

191.4

191.4

191.4

191.5

3.9

1.3

2.5

.2

2.6

1.4

Public transportation ....................

184.4

188.4

185.2

184.5

-12.5

1.5

1.8

.2

-5.7

1.0

Medical care ...............................

235.1

235.6

236.2

237.3

2.8

3.0

1.7

3.8

2.9

2.8

Medical care commodities .................

212.9

212.9

213.6

214.5

3.5

2.7

-.4

3.0

3.1

1.3

Medical care services ....................

240.0

240.5

241.1

242.3

2.6

3.1

2.2

3.9

2.8

3.0

Professional medical services ..........

218.0

218.4

218.9

219.5

3.8

3.4

2.2

2.8

3.6

2.5

Entertainment 4/ ...........................

160.6

160.7

160.3

160.7

1.0

2.5

1.0

.2

1.8

.6

143.7

143.3

142.9

143.2

-.6

-1.1

2.8

-1.4

-.8

.7

184.8

185.5

184.9

185.6

2.9

6.3

-.6

1.7

4.6

.5

223.9

225.6

226.4

227.4

5.9

4.3

5.4

6.4

5.1

5.9

Tobacco and smoking products .............

246.1

249.9

250.2

251.9

5.9

3.2

10.4

9.8

4.6

10.1

Personal care 1/ .........................

152.6

153.3

154.3

153.9

3.2

2.9

-.3

3.5

3.1

1.6

+

+

_

_
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............

+

_
Entertainment services 4/ ................

+

_

Other goods and services 2/.................
+

+

_

_

Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................
+

144.7

145.4

147.1

146.1

2.2

2.0

-.8

3.9

2.1

1.5

163.0

163.5

163.7

164.1

4.6

3.8

.7

2.7

4.2

1.7

257.9

259.0

259.8

261.3

6.4

5.5

4.3

5.4

6.0

4.8

School books and supplies ..............

243.1

244.5

245.2

246.4

2.4

9.7

3.4

5.5

6.0

4.4

Personal and educational services 4/ ...

259.2

260.3

261.2

262.7

6.7

5.3

4.1

5.5

6.0

4.8

1.5

.5

2.6

1.3

1.0

1.9

_
Personal care services 1/ ..............

+

_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....

+

_

+

_

Commodity and service group

All items ....................................

+

-

-

-

-

Commodities ................................

142.2

142.3

142.1

142.0

.3

-2.2

2.9

-.6

-1.0

1.1

Food and beverages .......................

158.2

158.5

158.7

158.7

.3

1.5

3.1

1.3

.9

2.2

Commodities less food and beverages ......

132.4

132.4

131.9

131.9

.0

-4.4

2.5

-1.5

-2.2

.5

Nondurables less food and beverages ....

135.2

135.3

134.7

134.8

-1.5

-4.4

6.1

-1.2

-2.9

2.4

Apparel commodities 4/ ...............

128.2

128.3

128.5

128.4

2.2

3.5

-3.1

.6

2.8

-1.2

141.3

141.2

140.3

140.7

-1.7

-8.8

9.9

-1.7

-5.3

4.0

_
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................

+

Durables ...............................

127.7

127.6

127.2

127.3

.0

-2.8

-2.5

-1.2

-1.4

-1.9

Services ...................................

177.4

177.9

178.4

178.7

2.8

2.8

2.5

3.0

2.8

2.7

Rent of shelter 3/ .......................

165.8

166.2

166.6

167.1

3.3

3.7

2.7

3.2

3.5

2.9

134.2

134.8

135.9

134.7

2.4

.6

1.8

1.5

1.5

1.7

Transportation services ..................

183.4

184.1

183.7

183.8

.4

1.8

2.2

.9

1.1

1.5

Medical care services ....................

240.0

240.5

241.1

242.3

2.6

3.1

2.2

3.9

2.8

3.0

Other services ...........................

208.3

209.1

209.3

210.2

5.0

5.2

2.1

3.7

5.1

2.9

All items less food ..........................

158.0

158.3

158.4

158.5

1.8

.3

2.6

1.3

1.0

1.9

All items less shelter .......................

154.5

154.8

154.8

154.7

1.0

-.5

2.6

.5

.3

1.6

All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........

148.3

148.6

148.7

148.7

1.4

.0

2.5

1.1

.7

1.8

All items less medical care ..................

154.5

154.8

154.9

154.9

1.3

.5

2.6

1.0

.9

1.8

Commodities less food ........................

133.8

133.8

133.4

133.4

.0

-4.1

2.4

-1.2

-2.1

.6

Nondurables less food ........................

137.0

137.0

136.6

136.5

-1.7

-4.1

7.0

-1.5

-2.9

2.7

Nondurables less food and apparel ............

142.9

142.8

142.1

141.9

-1.9

-7.4

11.1

-2.8

-4.7

3.9

Nondurables ..................................

147.0

147.1

147.0

146.9

-.3

-1.6

5.1

-.3

-1.0

2.4

_
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................

+

_

_

Special indexes

+

_

_

Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............

168.3

169.0

169.5

169.3

2.7

1.9

2.4

2.4

2.3

2.4

Services less medical care services ..........

172.0

172.7

173.1

173.3

2.6

3.1

2.4

3.1

2.9

2.7

Energy .......................................

111.3

111.4

111.1

109.2

-2.8

-16.0

12.8

-7.3

-9.6

2.2

All items less energy ........................

164.8

165.2

165.4

165.7

2.0

2.0

1.7

2.2

2.0

2.0

All items less food and energy .............

166.8

167.1

167.3

167.8

2.5

2.2

1.5

2.4

2.3

1.9

commodities ..........................

141.8

141.9

141.9

142.0

1.7

-.3

-.6

.6

.7

.0

Energy commodities .....................

107.0

106.6

104.4

103.5

-8.3

-24.8

23.0

-12.5

-17.0

3.8

Services less energy services ............

183.6

184.1

184.3

185.0

2.9

3.4

2.7

3.1

3.1

2.9

+

_

Commodities less food and energy

+

1/
+

_
2/

+

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.

_
4/

+

This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.

_
3/

+

Not seasonally adjusted.

This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.

_
See Table X for a comparable index series.

-

Data not available.

NOTE:

Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+
Indexes
Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

+

Percent change to

Dec. 1997 from-

Nov. 1997 from-

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Dec.

Oct.

Nov.

Nov.

Sept.

Oct.

1997

1997

1997

1997

1996

1997

1997

1996

1997

1997

_

U.S. city average ......................

Region and area size 2/
+

Percent change to

_

M

158.3

158.5

158.5

158.2

1.5

-0.2

-0.2

1.7

0.1

0.0

Northeast urban.........................

165.6

165.8

165.7

165.5

1.4

-.2

-.1

1.7

.1

-.1

Size A -

More than 1,200,000 ........

M

165.4

165.5

165.5

165.2

1.6

-.2

-.2

1.8

.1

.0

Size B -

500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....

M

163.4

163.5

163.2

163.3

.8

-.1

.1

1.6

-.1

-.2

M

168.6

168.9

168.9

168.7

1.4

-.1

-.1

1.7

.2

.0

M

153.9

154.0

154.0

153.7

1.2

-.2

-.2

1.5

.1

.0

+

_
Size C -

50,000 to 500,000 3/........

+

_

North Central urban ....................
Size A -

More than 1,200,000 ........

M

153.9

153.9

153.8

153.6

1.4

-.2

-.1

1.7

-.1

-.1

Size B -

360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....

M

152.3

152.7

153.0

151.9

.8

-.5

-.7

1.5

.5

.2

M

156.9

156.9

156.5

156.8

1.1

-.1

.2

1.3

-.3

-.3

(less than 50,000) .........

M

151.5

151.1

151.6

151.0

.5

-.1

-.4

1.0

.1

.3

South urban ............................

M

155.9

156.1

156.2

155.6

1.2

-.3

-.4

1.6

.2

.1

+

_
Size C -

50,000 to 360,000 3/........

+

_
Size D -

Nonmetropolitan

Size A -

More than 1,200,000 ........

M

154.5

154.7

154.5

154.2

1.2

-.3

-.2

1.6

.0

-.1

Size B -

450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....

M

156.6

156.8

157.1

156.8

1.5

.0

-.2

1.7

.3

.2

M

156.4

156.9

157.1

155.6

.7

-.8

-1.0

1.6

.4

.1

+

_
Size C -

+

M

50,000 to 450,000 3/........
_

Size D -

Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M

157.7

157.3

157.5

157.5

1.6

.1

.0

1.5

-.1

.1

West urban .............................

M

158.6

159.3

159.2

159.2

2.4

-.1

.0

2.1

.4

-.1

Size A -

More than 1,250,000 ........

M

157.2

157.9

157.7

157.9

2.7

.0

.1

2.2

.3

-.1

Size C -

50,000 to 330,000 3/........

M

164.1

164.9

165.6

164.9

2.6

.0

-.4

3.0

.9

.4

M

144.4

144.7

144.6

144.4

1.8

-.2

-.1

1.8

.1

-.1

M

158.0

158.3

158.4

158.0

1.2

-.2

-.3

1.5

.3

.1

M

160.0

160.4

160.5

159.8

1.2

-.4

-.4

1.8

.3

.1

M

156.6

156.7

156.9

156.7

1.2

.0

-.1

1.2

.2

.1

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......

M

156.4

156.9

157.2

157.3

1.7

.3

.1

1.8

.5

.2

Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......

M

154.7

155.4

154.9

155.3

1.7

-.1

.3

1.3

.1

-.3

N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT

M

167.7

168.1

168.0

167.7

1.8

-.2

-.2

2.0

.2

-.1

+

_

Size classes
A 4/ .................................
+

_
B 3/ .................................

+

_
C 3/ .................................

+

_
D ....................................

Selected local areas

Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................

M

167.9

166.8

165.9

165.7

1.3

-.7

-.1

1.2

-1.2

-.5

M

158.6

159.5

159.5

159.4

4.1

-.1

-.1

3.4

.6

.0

1

155.6

-

154.6

-

-

-

-

.7

-.6

-

Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........

1

166.2

-

167.8

-

-

-

-

1.5

1.0

-

Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............

1

149.2

-

149.1

-

-

-

-

2.0

-.1

-

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............

1

156.1

-

157.0

-

-

-

-

1.6

.6

-

St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....

1

154.0

-

151.9

-

-

-

-

.9

-1.4

-

1

161.1

-

159.1

-

-

-

-

.3

-1.2

-

+

_
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..

+

_

Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
+

_

+

_
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................

+

_

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................

2

-

152.8

-

152.7

1.7

-.1

-

-

-

-

Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................

2

-

152.4

-

151.7

1.5

-.5

-

-

-

-

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........

2

-

146.3

-

144.5

1.0

-1.2

-

-

-

-

Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........

2

-

151.3

-

150.6

1.2

-.5

-

-

-

-

+

_

+

1/
+

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as

_
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2/

+

Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current

_
Size Class B and Size Class C cities.
4/

+

There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.

Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.

_
5/

+

See map in technical notes.

_
3/

+

Regions defined as the four Census regions.

Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly

_
basis starting in January, 1998.

Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a

bi-monthly basis.
6/
+

Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.

_
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore

combined metropolitan area.
7/
+

Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly

_
basis after December, 1997.

Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each

January and July.
-

Data not available.

NOTE:

Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program.

Each local index has a smaller sample size than

the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error.

As a

result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar.

Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average

CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 1A. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and
service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+
Annual

Annual

Percent change

average

average

from 1996

1996

1997

to 1997

+

Expenditure category

+

Expenditure category

+

Expenditure category

+

All items ...............................................

156.9

160.5

2.3

All items (1967=100) ....................................

469.9

480.8

-

Food and beverages ....................................

153.7

157.7

2.6

Food ................................................

153.3

157.3

2.6

Food at home ......................................

154.3

158.1

2.5

Cereals and bakery products .....................

174.0

177.6

2.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..................

144.8

148.5

2.6

Dairy products ..................................

142.1

145.5

2.4

Fruits and vegetables 1/ ........................

183.9

187.5

2.0

Other food at home ..............................

142.9

147.3

3.1

Sugar and sweets ..............................

143.7

147.8

2.9

Fats and oils .................................

140.5

141.7

.9

Nonalcoholic beverages ........................

128.6

133.4

3.7

Other prepared food ...........................

156.2

161.2

3.2

Food away from home ...............................

152.7

157.0

2.8

Alcoholic beverages .................................

158.5

162.8

2.7

_

Housing 1/ ............................................
+

+

152.8

156.8

2.6

Shelter .............................................

171.0

176.3

3.1

Renters' costs 2/ 3/ ..............................

180.2

186.4

3.4

Rent, residential ...............................

162.0

166.7

2.9

Other renters' costs 3/ .........................

214.7

225.0

4.8

176.5

181.5

2.8

176.8

181.9

2.9

161.0

165.3

2.7

139.0

143.7

3.4

145.5

151.1

3.8

130.2

133.4

2.5

127.5

130.8

2.6

_

_

_

+

_
Homeowners' costs 2/ 3/ ...........................

+

_

_

Owners' equivalent rent 2/ ......................
+

_
Household insurance 2/ 3/ .......................

+

_

_

Maintenance and repairs 3/ ........................
+

_
Maintenance and repair services 3/ ..............

+

_
Maintenance and repair commodities 3/ ...........

+

_
Fuel and other utilities 1/ .........................

+

_
Fuels .............................................

115.2

117.9

2.3

commodities .................................

99.2

99.8

.6

Gas (piped) and electricity (energy services) ...

122.1

125.1

2.5

Other utilities and public services 3/ ............

157.2

161.6

2.8

124.7

125.4

.6

111.3

110.6

-.6

Housekeeping supplies .............................

141.1

143.1

1.4

Housekeeping services 3/ ..........................

148.0

151.9

2.6

Apparel and upkeep ....................................

131.7

132.9

.9

Apparel commodities 3/ ..............................

128.2

129.1

.7

Men's and boys' apparel ...........................

127.7

130.1

1.9

Women's and girls' apparel.........................

124.7

126.1

1.1

Infants' and toddlers' apparel ....................

129.7

129.0

-.5

Footwear ..........................................

126.6

127.6

.8

Other apparel commodities 3/ ......................

150.6

145.8

-3.2

Fuel oil and other household fuel

+

_
Household furnishings and operation 1/ ..............

+

_
Housefurnishings 3/ ...............................

+

_

+

+

_

_

+

_
Apparel services 3/ .................................

+

+

159.8

163.1

2.1

Transportation ........................................

143.0

144.3

.9

Private transportation ..............................

140.0

141.0

.7

New vehicles ......................................

143.7

144.3

.4

New cars ........................................

141.4

141.7

.2

Used cars .........................................

157.0

151.1

-3.8

Motor fuel ........................................

106.3

106.2

-.1

Gasoline ........................................

105.9

105.8

-.1

Maintenance and repairs ...........................

158.4

162.7

2.7

Other private transportation 3/ ...................

173.9

177.5

2.1

105.1

104.8

-.3

190.1

194.7

2.4

Public transportation ...............................

181.9

186.7

2.6

Medical care ..........................................

228.2

234.6

2.8

Medical care commodities ............................

210.4

215.3

2.3

_

_
Other private transportation commodities 3/ .....

+

_
Other private transportation services 3/ ........

+

_

+

Medical care services ...............................

232.4

239.1

2.9

Professional medical services .....................

208.3

215.4

3.4

Entertainment 3/ ......................................

159.1

162.5

2.1

143.0

144.2

.8

178.1

183.8

3.2

215.4

224.8

4.4

Tobacco and smoking products ........................

232.8

243.7

4.7

Personal care .......................................

150.1

152.7

1.7

Toilet goods and personal care appliances .........

144.3

144.2

-.1

Personal care services ............................

156.6

162.4

3.7

Personal and educational expenses 3/ ................

247.5

259.7

4.9

School books and supplies .........................

226.9

238.4

5.1

Personal and educational services 3/ ..............

249.3

261.6

4.9

_
Entertainment commodities 3/ ........................

+

_
Entertainment services 3/ ...........................

+

_

Other goods and services 1/ ...........................
+

+

+

_

_

_

Commodity and service group

All items ...............................................

156.9

160.5

2.3

Commodities ...........................................

139.9

141.8

1.4

Food and beverages ..................................

153.7

157.7

2.6

Commodities less food and beverages .................

131.5

132.2

.5

Nondurables less food and beverages ...............

133.0

134.6

1.2

Apparel commodities 3/ ..........................

128.2

129.1

.7

and apparel .................................

138.6

140.6

1.4

Durables ..........................................

129.4

128.7

-.5

Services ..............................................

174.1

179.4

3.0

Rent of shelter 2/ ..................................

178.0

183.4

3.0

142.0

145.8

2.7

Transportation services .............................

180.5

185.0

2.5

Medical care services ...............................

232.4

239.1

2.9

Other services ......................................

201.4

209.6

4.1

+

_
Nondurables less food, beverages,

+

_
Household services less rent of shelter 2/ 3/ .......

+

_

Special indexes

_

All items less food .....................................

157.5

161.1

2.3

All items less shelter ..................................

152.8

155.9

2.0

All items less homeowners' costs 2/ 3/ ..................

157.9

161.4

2.2

All items less medical care .............................

152.8

156.3

2.3

Commodities less food ...................................

132.6

133.4

.6

Nondurables less food ...................................

134.5

136.3

1.3

Nondurables less food and apparel .......................

139.5

141.8

1.6

Nondurables .............................................

143.5

146.4

2.0

Services less rent of shelter 2/ ........................

182.5

188.1

3.1

Services less medical care services .....................

168.7

173.9

3.1

Energy ..................................................

110.1

111.5

1.3

All items less energy ...................................

163.1

167.1

2.5

All items less food and energy ........................

165.6

169.5

2.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities ........

141.3

142.3

.7

Energy commodities ................................

105.7

105.7

.0

Services less energy services .......................

179.4

185.0

3.1

1982-84=$1.00 .........................................

$.638

$.623

-2.4

1967=$1.00 ............................................

.213

.208

+

+

_

_

_

Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:

-

+

1/
+

_
2/

+

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.

_
3/

+

This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.

This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.

_
See Table X for a comparable index series.
-

Data not available.

Table 4A. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

+
Annual

Annual

Percent change

average

average

from 1996

1996

1997

to 1997

+

Expenditure category

+

Expenditure category

+

Expenditure category

+

All items ...............................................

154.1

157.6

2.3

All items (1967=100) ....................................

459.1

469.3

-

Food and beverages ....................................

153.2

157.2

2.6

Food ................................................

152.8

156.8

2.6

Food at home ......................................

153.5

157.2

2.4

Cereals and bakery products .....................

173.6

177.3

2.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..................

144.5

148.2

2.6

Dairy products ..................................

141.9

145.2

2.3

Fruits and vegetables 1/ ........................

183.1

186.6

1.9

Other food at home ..............................

142.6

146.8

2.9

Sugar and sweets ..............................

143.6

147.7

2.9

Fats and oils .................................

140.3

141.4

.8

Nonalcoholic beverages ........................

128.1

132.3

3.3

Other prepared food ...........................

156.0

161.1

3.3

Food away from home ...............................

152.6

157.0

2.9

Alcoholic beverages .................................

157.9

162.1

2.7

_

Housing 1/ ............................................
+

+

149.6

153.4

2.5

Shelter .............................................

166.2

171.2

3.0

Renters' costs 2/ 3/ ..............................

157.3

162.4

3.2

Rent, residential ...............................

161.6

166.3

2.9

Other renters' costs 3/ .........................

214.6

224.5

4.6

160.9

165.5

2.9

161.2

165.8

2.9

147.1

149.8

1.8

137.6

142.0

3.2

147.6

152.9

3.6

124.9

128.1

2.6

127.2

130.5

2.6

_

_

_

+

_
Homeowners' costs 2/ 3/ ...........................

+

_

_

Owners' equivalent rent 2/ ......................
+

_
Household insurance 2/ 3/ .......................

+

_

_

Maintenance and repairs 3/ ........................
+

_
Maintenance and repair services 3/ ..............

+

_
Maintenance and repair commodities 3/ ...........

+

_
Fuel and other utilities 1/ .........................

+

_
Fuels .............................................

114.7

117.3

2.3

commodities .................................

99.0

99.6

.6

Gas (piped) and electricity (energy services) ...

121.6

124.6

2.5

Other utilities and public services 3/ ............

157.7

162.3

2.9

123.2

123.9

.6

109.9

109.4

-.5

Housekeeping supplies .............................

141.5

143.7

1.6

Housekeeping services 3/ ..........................

150.9

154.7

2.5

Apparel and upkeep ....................................

130.9

132.1

.9

Apparel commodities 3/ ..............................

127.6

128.6

.8

Men's and boys' apparel ...........................

127.4

129.9

2.0

Women's and girls' apparel.........................

123.6

124.9

1.1

Infants' and toddlers' apparel ....................

130.8

130.1

-.5

Footwear ..........................................

127.6

128.5

.7

Other apparel commodities 3/ ......................

149.6

145.6

-2.7

Fuel oil and other household fuel

+

_
Household furnishings and operation 1/ ..............

+

_
Housefurnishings 3/ ...............................

+

_

+

+

_

_

+

_
Apparel services 3/ .................................

+

+

159.0

162.2

2.0

Transportation ........................................

142.8

143.6

.6

Private transportation ..............................

140.7

141.3

.4

New vehicles ......................................

144.7

145.5

.6

New cars ........................................

141.1

141.3

.1

Used cars .........................................

158.2

152.6

-3.5

Motor fuel ........................................

106.3

106.2

-.1

Gasoline ........................................

105.9

105.8

-.1

Maintenance and repairs ...........................

159.3

163.7

2.8

Other private transportation 3/ ...................

169.6

172.9

1.9

104.2

103.9

-.3

186.1

190.4

2.3

Public transportation ...............................

179.6

184.2

2.6

Medical care ..........................................

227.6

234.0

2.8

Medical care commodities ............................

207.8

212.6

2.3

_

_
Other private transportation commodities 3/ .....

+

_
Other private transportation services 3/ ........

+

_

+

Medical care services ...............................

232.1

238.8

2.9

Professional medical services .....................

209.5

216.7

3.4

Entertainment 3/ ......................................

156.8

160.0

2.0

142.0

143.0

.7

178.2

184.1

3.3

212.2

221.6

4.4

Tobacco and smoking products ........................

232.5

243.3

4.6

Personal care .......................................

150.1

152.6

1.7

Toilet goods and personal care appliances .........

145.0

145.1

.1

Personal care services ............................

156.6

162.5

3.8

Personal and educational expenses 3/ ................

242.9

255.3

5.1

School books and supplies .........................

228.2

240.4

5.3

Personal and educational services 3/ ..............

244.4

256.8

5.1

_
Entertainment commodities 3/ ........................

+

_
Entertainment services 3/ ...........................

+

_

Other goods and services 1/ ...........................
+

+

+

_

_

_

Commodity and service group

All items ...............................................

154.1

157.6

2.3

Commodities ...........................................

139.9

141.8

1.4

Food and beverages ..................................

153.2

157.2

2.6

Commodities less food and beverages .................

131.8

132.4

.5

Nondurables less food and beverages ...............

132.8

134.5

1.3

Apparel commodities 3/ ..........................

127.6

128.6

.8

and apparel .................................

138.3

140.4

1.5

Durables ..........................................

129.2

128.4

-.6

Services ..............................................

171.4

176.5

3.0

Rent of shelter 2/ ..................................

159.9

164.7

3.0

130.5

134.0

2.7

Transportation services .............................

178.3

182.6

2.4

Medical care services ...............................

232.1

238.8

2.9

Other services ......................................

198.1

206.4

4.2

+

_
Nondurables less food, beverages,

+

_
Household services less rent of shelter 2/ 3/ .......

+

_

Special indexes

_

All items less food .....................................

154.3

157.6

2.1

All items less shelter ..................................

151.0

154.0

2.0

All items less homeowners' costs 2/ 3/ ..................

144.8

147.8

2.1

All items less medical care .............................

150.7

154.0

2.2

Commodities less food ...................................

132.8

133.6

.6

Nondurables less food ...................................

134.3

136.2

1.4

Nondurables less food and apparel .......................

139.3

141.6

1.7

Nondurables .............................................

143.3

146.2

2.0

Services less rent of shelter 2/ ........................

162.7

167.6

3.0

Services less medical care services .....................

166.2

171.2

3.0

Energy ..................................................

109.8

111.1

1.2

All items less energy ...................................

160.4

164.1

2.3

All items less food and energy ........................

162.3

166.0

2.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities ........

140.9

141.9

.7

Energy commodities ................................

105.9

105.9

.0

Services less energy services .......................

176.8

182.2

3.1

1982-84=$1.00 .........................................

$.649

$.635

-2.2

1967=$1.00 ............................................

.218

.213

+

+

_

_

_

Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:

-

+

1/
+

_
2/

+

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.

_
3/

+

This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.

This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.

_
See Table X for a comparable index series.
-

Data not available.