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News

United States
Department
of Labor

Bureau of Labor Statistics

Washington, D.C. 20212

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Stephen B. Reed
(202) 691-7000
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 691-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 691-5200
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 691-5902
INTERNET ADDRESS: http://www.bls.gov/cpi/

USDL-08-1308
TRANSMISSION OF
MATERIAL IN THIS
RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Tuesday, September 16, 2008
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX: AUGUST 2008
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) decreased 0.4 percent in August, before
seasonal adjustment, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today. The
August level of 219.086 (1982-84=100) was 5.4 percent higher than in August 2007.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) decreased 0.5
percent in August, prior to seasonal adjustment. The August level of 215.247 (1982-84=100) was 5.9 percent
higher than in August 2007.
The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) decreased 0.2 percent in
August on a not seasonally adjusted basis. The August level of 125.843 (December 1999=100) was 4.7 percent
higher than in August 2007. Please note that the indexes for the post-2006 period are subject to revision.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U decreased 0.1 percent in August, following a 0.8 percent
increase in July. The index for energy fell 3.1 percent in August after three consecutive sharp increases. The
gasoline index declined by 4.2 percent in August but is 35.6 percent higher than in August 2007. The index for
household energy, which was up 3.8 percent in July, declined 1.6 percent in August. The food index advanced
0.6 percent in August after rising 0.9 percent in July. The index for food at home rose 0.8 percent in August
after a 1.2 percent increase in July and is up 7.5 percent over the past year. The index for all items less food
and energy increased 0.2 percent in August after increasing 0.3 percent in July. A downturn in the index (cont.)
Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
Expenditure
Category

Changes from preceding month
Feb.
2008

All items .................................
Food and beverages ...........
Housing ...............................
Apparel ................................
Transportation .....................
Medical care ........................
Recreation ...........................
Education and
communication ..............
Other goods and services ...
Special indexes:
Energy .................................
Food ....................................
All items less food and
energy ...........................

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

May
2008

June
2008

July
2008

Aug.
2008

Compound
annual rate
3-mos. ended
Aug. 2008

Unadjusted
12-mos.
ended
Aug. 2008

0.0
.4
.2
-.3
-.7
.1
.1

0.3
.2
.4
-1.3
.7
.1
.3

0.2
.9
.3
.5
-.7
.2
-.1

0.6
.3
.5
-.3
2.0
.2
.1

1.1
.7
.5
.1
3.8
.2
.1

0.8
.9
.6
1.2
1.7
.1
.4

-0.1
.6
-.1
.5
-1.5
.2
.5

7.2
9.1
4.2
7.4
16.8
2.1
4.4

5.4
5.9
3.8
1.7
12.1
3.3
2.4

.1
.2

.3
.4

.4
.5

.4
.4

.5
.4

.5
.4

.2
.2

5.0
4.0

3.6
4.1

-.5
.4

1.9
.2

.0
.9

4.4
.3

6.6
.8

4.0
.9

-3.1
.6

32.9
9.6

27.2
6.1

.0

.2

.1

.2

.3

.3

.2

3.4

2.5

for lodging away from home was responsible for almost half of the smaller increase. Deceleration in the
indexes for new vehicles, apparel, and telephone services also contributed. Partly offsetting these were larger
increases in the indexes for medical care and recreation.
During the first eight months of 2008, the CPI-U rose at a 5.1 percent seasonally adjusted annualized
rate (SAAR). This compares with a 4.1 percent increase for the 12 months ending December 2007. The energy
index rose at a 22.4 percent SAAR in the first eight months of 2008 after increasing 17.4 percent in 2007.
Gasoline prices increased at a 22.1 percent SAAR in 2008 after a 29.6 percent increase in 2007, while natural
gas prices rose at a 46.3 percent SAAR after decreasing 0.4 percent in 2007. The food index increased at a 7.5
SAAR for the first eight months of 2008 after increasing 4.9 percent in 2007. Excluding food and energy, the
CPI-U has advanced at a 2.5 percent SAAR in 2008 following a 2.4 percent increase in 2007.
The food and beverages index rose 0.6 percent in August following a 0.9 percent increase in July. The
index for food at home increased 0.8 percent, following a 1.2 percent rise in July. Four of the six grocery store
food groups increased less in August than in July. Most notable were a downturn in the index for cereals and
bakery products, which declined 0.1 percent in August after a 1.8 percent increase in July, and a smaller
increase in the index for dairy and related products, up 0.4 percent in August after a 1.6 percent increase in July.
The index for meats, poultry, fish and eggs increased 1.0 percent for the second consecutive month. The fruits
and vegetables index increased more rapidly in August, up 2.1 percent following a 1.2 percent increase in July.
The food away from home index decelerated in August, up 0.3 percent after a 0.6 percent increase in July, while
the index for alcoholic beverages increased 0.4 percent for the second straight month.
The index for housing declined 0.1 percent in August after a 0.6 percent increase in July. The shelter
index increased 0.1 percent in August after a 0.2 percent increase in July. The smaller increase was due to a
downturn in the lodging away from home index, which fell 1.1 percent in August after a 0.7 percent increase in
July. The indexes for rent and for owners’ equivalent rent duplicated their July increases of 0.3 percent and 0.1
percent, respectively. The index for household energy declined 1.6 percent in August, but is still 17.3 percent
above its August 2007 level. Within household energy, the indexes for fuel oil and for natural gas fell
substantially, declining 9.6 percent and 5.8 percent respectively. The index for electricity increased 1.2 percent
in August following a 2.5 percent increase in July. The index for household furnishings and operations, which
rose 0.4 percent in July, increased 0.2 percent in August.
The transportation index turned down in August, declining 1.5 percent following three straight
substantial increases. The index for gasoline decreased 4.2 percent following a 4.1 percent increase in July.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 7.4 percent in August but are 35.6 percent above their August
2007 level.) The index for new vehicles declined 0.6 percent in August after a 0.2 percent increase in July,
with the index for new cars virtually unchanged and the index for new trucks declining 1.2 percent. The index
for used cars and trucks fell 0.3 percent in August following a 0.1 percent decline in July. The indexes for new
vehicles and for used cars and trucks each declined 1.3 percent since August 2007. The index for public
transportation increased 1.1 percent in August, the same increase as in July, mostly due to a 1.6 percent increase
in the index for airline fare. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, the index for airline fare decreased 0.9 percent in
August and is 20.9 percent higher than in August 2007.)
The index for apparel rose 0.5 percent in August following a 1.2 percent increase in July. (Prior to
seasonal adjustment, apparel prices rose 1.8 percent in August and are 1.7 percent higher than in August 2007.)
The index for women’s and girls’ apparel increased 2.0 percent in August, while the index for men’s and boys’
apparel rose 0.3 percent.
The medical care index rose 0.2 percent in August after rising 0.1 percent in July, and is 3.3 percent
higher than a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and
medical supplies—increased 0.1 percent in August after a 0.2 percent decrease in July. The index for medical
care services increased 0.3 percent in August. The indexes for professional services and for hospital and related
services increased 0.3 percent and 0.6 percent, respectively.
The index for recreation increased 0.5 percent in August, following a 0.4 percent increase in July. The
index for video and audio rose 0.5 percent in August after being virtually unchanged in July. The indexes for
pets, pet products and services and for admissions both rose 1.3 percent in August, while the index for sporting
goods declined 0.7 percent.

The index for education and communication increased 0.2 percent in August after a 0.5 percent increase
in July. The index for education rose 0.6 percent, reflecting increases of 3.4 percent for college textbooks and
0.3 percent for college tuition and fees. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, charges for college tuition rose 2.6
percent in August and were 6.3 percent higher than a year ago.) The communication index, which increased 0.5
percent in July, declined 0.2 percent in August. Within communication, the telephone services index was
virtually unchanged in August after a 0.7 percent increase in July, and the information technology hardware and
services index declined 0.7 percent after a 0.2 percent increase in July.
The index for other goods and services increased 0.2 percent in August after three consecutive increases
of 0.4 percent. The deceleration was caused by the index for tobacco and smoking products, which rose 0.1
percent in August after a 1.2 percent increase in July.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers decreased 0.2
percent in August.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
Expenditure
Category

Changes from preceding month
Feb.
2008

All items .................................
Food and beverages ...........
Housing ...............................
Apparel ................................
Transportation .....................
Medical care ........................
Recreation ...........................
Education and
communication ..............
Other goods and services ...
Special indexes:
Energy .................................
Food ....................................
All items less food and
energy ...........................

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

May
2008

June
2008

July
2008

Aug.
2008

Compound
annual rate
3-mos. ended
Aug. 2008

Unadjusted
12-mos.
ended
Aug. 2008

0.0
.3
.2
-.3
-.7
.1
.1

0.4
.2
.5
-1.2
.7
.1
.3

0.2
.9
.4
.2
-.7
.2
-.2

0.7
.3
.5
-.2
2.1
.1
.0

1.2
.8
.5
.0
4.0
.2
.2

0.9
.9
.7
.8
1.8
.1
.4

-0.2
.6
.0
1.0
-1.7
.3
.5

8.0
9.6
4.6
7.6
17.4
2.3
4.4

5.9
6.0
4.2
1.8
12.8
3.4
2.3

.1
.3

.2
.4

.4
.4

.3
.5

.5
.6

.5
.5

.2
.2

5.2
5.1

3.3
4.6

-.7
.3

1.9
.2

-.2
1.0

4.5
.3

6.8
.8

4.0
.9

-3.2
.6

33.8
9.9

27.8
6.2

.0

.1

.1

.2

.3

.3

.2

3.5

2.5

Consumer Price Index data for September are scheduled for release on Thursday, October 16, 2008, at
8:30 A.M. (EDT).

Facilities for Sensory Impaired
Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
Voice phone: 202-691-5200, Federal Relay Services: 1-800-877-8339.

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time of goods and
services purchased by households. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups:
(1) the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which covers households of wage earners
and clerical workers that comprise approximately 32 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for All
Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U), which cover
approximately 87 percent of the total population and include in addition to wage earners and clerical worker
households, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term
workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for
doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living.
Prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 50,000 housing units and approximately
23,000 retail establishments-department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of
stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included
in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in all 87 locations. Prices of most
other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other
month in other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls of the
Bureau’s trained representatives.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with
weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are
then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W separate indexes are also published by
size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 27
local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U data are issued only at the
national level. It is important to note that the CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the CCPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to two annual revisions.
The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For the CPI-U and the CPI-W the
reference base is 1982-84 equals 100.0. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.
An increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be
expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period market basket of goods and services in the CPI has
risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65.
For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ or contact our CPI
Information and Analysis Section on (202) 691-7000.

Note on Sampling Error in the Consumer Price Index
The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based upon a sample of
retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month,
2-month, 6-month and 12-month percent change standard errors annually, for the CPI-U. These standard error
estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated
standard error of the 1 month percent change is 0.06 percent for the U.S. All Items Consumer Price Index. This
means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and
estimate a percentage change for each sample, then 95% of these estimates would be within 0.12 percent of the
1 month percentage change based on all retail prices. For a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the All Items CPI
for All Urban Consumers, we are 95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices
would fall between 0.08 and 0.32 percent. For the latest data, including information on how to use the
estimates of standard error, see “Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2005December 2005” in the CPI Detailed Report, February 2006. These data are available on the CPI home page
(http://www.bls.gov/cpi), using the following link http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpivar2006.pdf

Calculating Index Changes
Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent changes rather
than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to its
base period while percent changes are not. The example below illustrates the computation of index point and
percent changes.
Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as annual rates and are computed
according to the standard formula for compound growth rates. These data indicate what the percent change
would be if the current rate were maintained for a 12-month period.
Index Point Change
CPI
Less previous index
Equals index point change

202.416
201.800
.616

Percent Change
Index point difference
Divided by the previous index
Equals
Results multiplied by one hundred
Equals percent change

.616
201.800
0.003
0.003x100
0.3

Regions Defined
The states in the four regions shown in Tables 3 and 6 are listed below.
The Northeast--Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and
Vermont.
The Midwest--Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and
Wisconsin.
The South--Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia.
The West--Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and
Wyoming.

A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics
publishes seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred
since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same magnitude
every year--such as price movements resulting from changing climatic conditions, production cycles, model
changeovers, holidays, and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract
agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index before
adjustment for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally adjusted indexes are derived by the X-12-ARIMA
Seasonal Adjustment Method. Seasonally adjusted indexes and seasonal factors are computed annually. Each
year, the last 5 years of seasonally adjusted data are revised. Data from January 2003 through December 2007
were replaced in January 2008. Exceptions to the usual revision schedule were: the updated seasonal data at the
end of 1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977; and, in January 2002, dependently seasonally adjusted
series were revised for January 1987-December 2001 as a result of a change in the aggregation weights for
dependently adjusted series. For further information, please see “Aggregation of Dependently Adjusted
Seasonally Adjusted Series,” in the October 2001 issue of the CPI Detailed Report.
The seasonal movement of All items and 54 other aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal
movement of 73 selected components. Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon
certain statistical criteria. If any of the 73 components change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally
adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the
dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes will be used before that period. Note:
48 of the 73 components are seasonally adjusted for 2008.

Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index levels, are subject to revision for up to five years
after their original release. For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in escalation agreements.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.
Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme
values and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal pattern are estimated and removed from the
data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12ARIMA software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment.
For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2008, BLS adjusted 20 series using Intervention Analysis
Seasonal Adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, electricity and vehicles. For
example, this procedure was used for the Motor fuel series to offset the effects of events such as damage to oil
refineries from Hurricane Katrina.
For a complete list of Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment series and explanations, please refer to
the article “Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment,” located on our website at
http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisapage.htm.
For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please write to the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact Jeff Wilson at
(202) 691-6968, or by e-mail at Wilson.Jeff@bls.gov. If you have general questions about the CPI, please call
our information staff at (202) 691-7000.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and
service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
2007

Unadjusted
indexes
July
2008

Aug.
2008

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 2008 from—
Aug.
2007

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from—

July
2008

May to
June

June to
July

July to
Aug.

Expenditure category
All items ........................................................................................
All items (1967=100) ....................................................................

100.000

219.964
658.915

219.086
656.284

5.4

-0.4

1.1

0.8

-0.1

-

-

-

-

-

-

Food and beverages ..................................................................
Food .........................................................................................
Food at home .........................................................................
Cereals and bakery products ...............................................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..............................................
Dairy and related products ...................................................
Fruits and vegetables ...........................................................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials ................
Other food at home ..............................................................
Sugar and sweets ..............................................................
Fats and oils .......................................................................
Other foods ........................................................................
Other miscellaneous foods 1 2 .........................................
Food away from home 1 .........................................................
Other food away from home 1 2 ...........................................
Alcoholic beverages .................................................................

14.914
13.833
7.660
1.030
1.807
.887
1.156
.928
1.852
.277
.205
1.369
.404
6.173
.297
1.080

215.326
215.299
215.785
250.321
205.075
213.981
280.209
159.346
185.725
187.067
201.205
199.566
120.510
216.376
151.120
214.394

216.419
216.422
217.259
250.080
207.488
214.748
283.296
160.055
186.991
187.813
203.059
200.961
121.033
217.063
151.133
215.094

5.9
6.1
7.5
11.7
5.2
6.4
12.0
3.4
7.0
5.4
16.5
5.9
4.3
4.5
4.0
3.3

.5
.5
.7
-.1
1.2
.4
1.1
.4
.7
.4
.9
.7
.4
.3
.0
.3

.7
.8
1.0
.5
.8
1.6
2.8
.2
.4
.0
1.9
.2
-.2
.5
.1
.1

.9
.9
1.2
1.8
1.0
1.6
1.2
.7
1.0
.4
2.4
.9
1.7
.6
.8
.4

.6
.6
.8
-.1
1.0
.4
2.1
.4
.7
.6
1.1
.6
.4
.3
.0
.4

Housing ......................................................................................
Shelter ......................................................................................
Rent of primary residence 3 ...................................................
Lodging away from home 2 ....................................................
Owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence 3 4 ..................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 ...................................
Fuels and utilities .....................................................................
Household energy ..................................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels .........................................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .................................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 ...................
Household furnishings and operations .....................................
Household operations 1 2 .......................................................

42.427
32.596
5.765
2.564
23.942
.325
5.128
4.215
.351
3.864
.913
4.702
.737

219.610
248.075
243.367
153.032
252.504
118.764
239.039
221.742
395.706
221.805
152.063
127.884
148.290

219.148
247.985
244.181
149.146
252.957
118.562
235.650
217.455
367.794
218.656
154.134
128.013
149.169

3.8
2.4
3.8
-.7
2.5
1.4
15.3
17.3
49.2
14.7
6.3
1.2
5.8

-.2
.0
.3
-2.5
.2
-.2
-1.4
-1.9
-7.1
-1.4
1.4
.1
.6

.5
.3
.4
.7
.3
.6
1.8
2.1
8.5
1.5
.4
.0
.7

.6
.2
.3
.7
.1
-.3
3.3
3.8
1.3
4.0
.7
.4
.2

-.1
.1
.3
-1.1
.1
-.2
-1.1
-1.6
-6.5
-1.1
1.3
.2
.6

Apparel .......................................................................................
Men’s and boys’ apparel ..........................................................
Women’s and girls’ apparel ......................................................
Infants’ and toddlers’ apparel ...................................................
Footwear ..................................................................................

3.731
.935
1.600
.185
.679

114.357
109.669
100.049
109.218
122.421

116.376
110.180
104.211
109.558
121.982

1.7
1.1
.9
-.6
1.4

1.8
.5
4.2
.3
-.4

.1
-.9
.5
-.4
.2

1.2
.0
2.0
-.3
1.3

.5
.3
2.0
-.8
-1.6

Transportation ............................................................................
Private transportation ...............................................................
New and used motor vehicles 2 .............................................
New vehicles ........................................................................
Used cars and trucks 1 .........................................................
Motor fuel ...............................................................................
Gasoline (all types) ..............................................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment 1 .....................................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair ...................................
Public transportation ................................................................

17.688
16.583
7.191
4.632
1.773
5.482
5.215
.356
1.123
1.106

212.806
208.038
93.650
134.397
135.840
349.731
347.357
129.118
234.788
270.002

206.739
201.779
93.260
133.404
135.405
323.822
321.511
130.327
236.125
268.487

12.1
11.8
-.9
-1.3
-1.3
35.9
35.6
7.1
5.4
15.2

-2.9
-3.0
-.4
-.7
-.3
-7.4
-7.4
.9
.6
-.6

3.8
3.8
.1
.2
-.3
10.1
10.1
.8
.6
3.4

1.7
1.7
.2
.2
-.1
4.1
4.1
1.0
.6
1.1

-1.5
-1.6
-.4
-.6
-.3
-4.2
-4.2
.9
.6
1.1

Medical care ...............................................................................
Medical care commodities ........................................................
Medical care services ...............................................................
Professional services .............................................................
Hospital and related services 3 ..............................................

6.231
1.601
4.630
2.626
1.467

363.963
294.777
385.361
311.926
533.558

364.477
295.003
385.990
312.396
535.501

3.3
1.3
3.9
3.4
6.9

.1
.1
.2
.2
.4

.2
.1
.3
.3
.4

.1
-.2
.2
.2
.3

.2
.1
.3
.3
.6

See footnotes at end of table.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and
service group-Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
2007

Unadjusted
indexes
July
2008

Aug.
2008

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 2008 from—
Aug.
2007

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from—

July
2008

May to
June

June to
July

July to
Aug.

Expenditure category
Recreation 2 ...............................................................................
Video and audio 2 ....................................................................

5.647
1.843

113.277
102.203

113.786
102.546

2.4
.2

0.4
.3

0.1
-.3

0.4
.0

0.5
.5

Education and communication 2 ................................................
Education 2 ..............................................................................
Educational books and supplies .............................................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ................................
Communication 2 .....................................................................
Information and information processing 1 2 ............................
Telephone services 1 2 .........................................................
Information technology, hardware and services 1 5 .............
Personal computers and peripheral equipment 1 6 ............

6.086
2.944
.207
2.736
3.142
2.975
2.342
.634
.242

123.445
179.229
444.382
516.264
84.840
81.965
101.339
10.087
94.711

124.653
183.184
458.989
527.230
84.701
81.815
101.301
10.012
92.921

3.6
6.0
7.4
5.9
1.3
1.1
2.5
-4.5
-12.8

1.0
2.2
3.3
2.1
-.2
-.2
.0
-.7
-1.9

.5
.4
.2
.5
.6
.5
.8
-.5
-1.4

.5
.5
.8
.4
.5
.6
.7
.2
-1.0

.2
.6
2.6
.5
-.2
-.2
.0
-.7
-1.9

Other goods and services ..........................................................
Tobacco and smoking products 1 ............................................
Personal care ...........................................................................
Personal care products 1 .......................................................
Personal care services 1 ........................................................
Miscellaneous personal services ...........................................

3.277
.731
2.546
.639
.629
1.044

346.810
596.782
201.545
158.989
223.719
340.077

346.990
597.361
201.623
159.252
224.151
341.053

4.1
7.6
3.1
.9
3.3
4.8

.1
.1
.0
.2
.2
.3

.4
1.5
.1
.0
-.1
.3

.4
1.2
.1
.1
.1
.1

.2
.1
.3
.2
.2
.4

41.269
14.914
26.356
15.519
3.731
11.787
10.837
58.731
32.271
.325
3.864
.913
.737
5.350
4.630
10.641

181.087
215.326
161.301
213.363
114.357
280.062
111.275
258.422
258.637
118.764
221.805
152.063
148.290
247.869
385.361
295.677

179.148
216.419
158.179
207.284
116.376
268.740
110.779
258.638
258.547
118.562
218.656
154.134
149.169
248.806
385.990
297.923

7.3
5.9
8.1
14.9
1.7
19.1
-1.1
4.1
2.4
1.4
14.7
6.3
5.8
6.1
3.9
4.0

-1.1
.5
-1.9
-2.8
1.8
-4.0
-.4
.1
.0
-.2
-1.4
1.4
.6
.4
.2
.8

1.9
.7
2.5
4.1
.1
5.7
.0
.5
.3
.6
1.5
.4
.7
1.1
.3
.4

1.2
.9
1.3
1.2
1.2
2.2
.2
.5
.2
-.3
4.0
.7
.2
.5
.2
.4

-.5
.6
-1.1
-1.8
.5
-2.0
-.3
.1
.1
-.2
-1.1
1.3
.6
.8
.3
.4

86.167
67.404
93.769
27.436
16.599
12.868
30.432
26.460
54.101
9.698
90.302
76.469
21.602
5.834
54.867

220.758
211.468
212.576
163.364
213.447
272.612
215.628
277.982
248.007
280.833
215.335
216.045
139.535
354.423
262.323
$ .455
$ .152

219.552
210.264
211.653
160.341
207.769
262.470
212.882
278.606
248.198
266.283
215.873
216.476
139.785
328.240
262.867
$ .456
$ .152

5.2
6.8
5.5
7.9
14.1
17.7
10.4
6.1
4.1
27.2
3.1
2.5
.6
36.8
3.3

-.5
-.6
-.4
-1.9
-2.7
-3.7
-1.3
.2
.1
-5.2
.2
.2
.2
-7.4
.2

1.1
1.4
1.1
2.4
3.7
5.1
2.3
.8
.6
6.6
.4
.3
.1
10.0
.4

.8
1.1
.9
1.3
1.3
2.1
1.1
1.0
.6
4.0
.4
.3
.5
3.9
.3

-.3
-.2
-.2
-1.1
-2.0
-2.2
-.9
.2
.2
-3.1
.3
.2
.1
-4.4
.2

-

-

-

-

-

Commodity and service group
Commodities ................................................................................
Food and beverages ..................................................................
Commodities less food and beverages ......................................
Nondurables less food and beverages .....................................
Apparel ...................................................................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ....................
Durables ...................................................................................
Services .......................................................................................
Rent of shelter 4 .........................................................................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .......................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .......................................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .......................
Household operations 1 2 ...........................................................
Transportation services ..............................................................
Medical care services .................................................................
Other services ............................................................................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................................................................
All items less shelter ....................................................................
All items less medical care ...........................................................
Commodities less food .................................................................
Nondurables less food .................................................................
Nondurables less food and apparel .............................................
Nondurables .................................................................................
Services less rent of shelter 4 ......................................................
Services less medical care services ............................................
Energy ..........................................................................................
All items less energy ....................................................................
All items less food and energy ...................................................
Commodities less food and energy commodities .....................
Energy commodities ...............................................................
Services less energy services ..................................................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1982-84=$1.00) ........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1967=$1.00) .............

-

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other

item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.

5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
- Data not available.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for
3 months ended—

CPI-U

6 months
ended—

Nov.
2007

Feb.
2008

May
2008

Aug.
2008

218.880

6.3

3.1

4.9

215.539
215.545
216.227
249.210
205.361
214.537
285.411
159.796
184.951
185.865
200.870
198.743
120.510
216.376
151.120
214.173

216.778
216.807
217.949
249.024
207.479
215.356
291.493
160.411
186.154
186.956
202.996
199.930
121.033
217.063
151.133
215.105

4.2
4.3
4.4
6.5
2.5
6.7
10.9
-.5
2.7
4.2
5.9
1.7
-2.3
4.1
3.5
2.8

4.6
4.7
5.3
12.4
2.3
3.4
2.2
4.8
6.8
2.6
16.1
6.2
10.0
3.9
4.9
4.1

216.918
246.612
242.837
144.426
252.299
119.092
226.160
207.912
396.000
206.565
150.831
127.369
148.006

218.267
247.090
243.535
145.394
252.610
118.764
233.540
215.751
401.283
214.896
151.857
127.919
148.290

218.101
247.258
244.296
143.846
252.970
118.562
230.876
212.286
375.211
212.549
153.832
128.222
149.169

3.5
3.1
4.5
-.9
3.2
.2
10.2
11.2
72.4
6.7
5.4
-1.0
1.8

118.043
114.153
105.181
113.408
124.290

118.107
113.139
105.698
112.922
124.489

119.574
113.090
107.860
112.638
126.047

120.157
113.420
110.057
111.741
124.023

Transportation ...................................................................
Private transportation ......................................................
New and used motor vehicles 2 ....................................
New vehicles ...............................................................
Used cars and trucks 1 ...............................................
Motor fuel ......................................................................
Gasoline (all types) .....................................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment 1 ............................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair ..........................
Public transportation .......................................................

198.465
194.122
93.798
134.693
136.325
292.243
289.943
126.824
231.822
249.869

205.915
201.450
93.909
134.990
135.980
321.618
319.107
127.824
233.321
258.462

209.358
204.899
94.052
135.300
135.840
334.732
332.237
129.118
234.818
261.275

Medical care ......................................................................
Medical care commodities ..............................................
Medical care services .....................................................
Professional services ....................................................
Hospital and related services 3 .....................................

362.801
294.687
383.752
310.154
530.603

363.618
295.102
384.727
311.068
532.592

363.852
294.438
385.353
311.739
534.172

May
2008

June
2008

July
2008

Aug.
2008

All items ..............................................................................

215.132

217.403

219.181

Food and beverages .........................................................
Food ................................................................................
Food at home ................................................................
Cereals and bakery products ......................................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....................................
Dairy and related products ..........................................
Fruits and vegetables ..................................................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials .......
Other food at home .....................................................
Sugar and sweets .....................................................
Fats and oils ..............................................................
Other foods ...............................................................
Other miscellaneous foods 1 2 ................................
Food away from home 1 ...............................................
Other food away from home 1 2 ..................................
Alcoholic beverages ........................................................

212.091
211.918
211.620
243.503
201.610
207.808
274.113
158.445
182.434
185.210
192.640
196.520
118.744
213.967
149.666
213.067

213.612
213.542
213.706
244.840
203.295
211.086
281.911
158.735
183.140
185.209
196.211
196.980
118.453
215.015
149.873
213.246

Housing .............................................................................
Shelter .............................................................................
Rent of primary residence 3 ..........................................
Lodging away from home 2 ...........................................
Owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence 3 4 .........
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .........................
Fuels and utilities ............................................................
Household energy .........................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .......................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 ..........
Household furnishings and operations ............................
Household operations 1 2 .............................................

215.876
245.822
241.919
143.357
251.656
118.411
222.094
203.609
364.824
203.584
150.203
127.352
146.957

Apparel ..............................................................................
Men’s and boys’ apparel .................................................
Women’s and girls’ apparel .............................................
Infants’ and toddlers’ apparel ..........................................
Footwear .........................................................................

Feb.
2008

Aug.
2008

7.2

4.7

6.0

5.9
6.2
7.9
18.7
4.3
.9
8.4
4.4
10.4
11.0
21.7
8.7
1.9
4.0
3.5
2.3

9.1
9.6
12.5
9.4
12.2
15.3
27.9
5.1
8.4
3.8
23.3
7.1
7.9
5.9
4.0
3.9

4.4
4.5
4.9
9.4
2.4
5.0
6.5
2.1
4.7
3.4
10.8
3.9
3.7
4.0
4.2
3.5

7.5
7.8
10.2
13.9
8.2
7.9
17.7
4.7
9.4
7.4
22.5
7.9
4.9
5.0
3.7
3.1

2.8
2.6
3.6
1.0
2.6
2.2
6.5
6.7
21.3
5.3
5.7
.3
5.4

4.9
1.6
2.9
-4.3
2.0
2.7
29.5
35.5
111.7
29.9
4.3
2.7
10.0

4.2
2.4
4.0
1.4
2.1
.5
16.8
18.2
11.9
18.8
10.0
2.8
6.2

3.1
2.8
4.1
.1
2.9
1.2
8.3
8.9
44.6
6.0
5.6
-.3
3.6

4.5
2.0
3.4
-1.5
2.1
1.6
23.0
26.5
53.9
24.2
7.1
2.7
8.1

3.4
.4
2.1
12.2
3.9

.8
6.8
-4.2
-.3
-.7

-4.3
-.2
-11.3
-7.5
3.2

7.4
-2.5
19.9
-5.8
-.9

2.1
3.6
-1.1
5.8
1.6

1.4
-1.4
3.1
-6.6
1.2

206.303
201.552
93.702
134.548
135.405
320.647
318.255
130.327
236.340
264.183

19.5
20.0
-.9
-.9
-1.5
77.6
77.9
5.9
2.2
12.8

3.5
3.4
-.9
-2.5
1.9
7.8
7.7
5.7
5.4
4.7

8.7
8.0
-1.5
-1.5
-2.7
23.1
21.6
5.2
6.1
19.3

16.8
16.2
-.4
-.4
-2.7
44.9
45.2
11.5
8.0
25.0

11.2
11.4
-.9
-1.7
.2
38.4
38.4
5.8
3.8
8.6

12.6
12.0
-1.0
-1.0
-2.7
33.6
32.8
8.3
7.1
22.1

364.710
294.694
386.458
312.575
537.549

5.2
3.5
5.8
3.3
9.7

3.9
3.9
3.9
3.0
7.9

1.8
-2.0
3.2
4.0
4.6

2.1
.0
2.9
3.2
5.3

4.6
3.7
4.8
3.2
8.8

2.0
-1.0
3.0
3.6
5.0

Expenditure category

See footnotes at end of table.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group-Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for
3 months ended—

CPI-U

6 months
ended—

Nov.
2007

Feb.
2008

May
2008

Aug.
2008

113.876
102.658

2.7
2.2

1.4
.7

1.0
-2.7

124.226
181.582
447.821
523.254
84.840
81.965
101.339
10.087
94.711

124.505
182.734
459.494
525.789
84.702
81.815
101.301
10.012
92.921

2.1
6.0
4.6
6.1
-1.9
-2.1
-.2
-10.4
-22.2

3.2
5.6
3.4
5.8
.6
.6
.3
1.9
1.8

345.693
589.904
201.392
158.868
223.520
340.085

346.962
596.782
201.660
158.989
223.719
340.264

347.715
597.361
202.169
159.252
224.151
341.606

3.2
5.0
2.7
2.0
2.9
3.7

175.279
212.091
154.620
200.497
118.043
255.265
111.227
254.643
256.268
118.411
203.584
150.203
146.957
242.389
383.752
294.450

178.550
213.612
158.506
208.661
118.107
269.755
111.258
255.872
257.040
119.092
206.565
150.831
148.006
245.102
384.727
295.504

180.657
215.539
160.622
211.267
119.574
275.611
111.425
257.269
257.575
118.764
214.896
151.857
148.290
246.409
385.353
296.752

179.687
216.778
158.775
207.465
120.157
270.166
111.140
257.642
257.717
118.562
212.549
153.832
149.169
248.277
386.458
297.887

215.688
205.548
207.649
156.814
202.150
250.889
207.834
272.112
244.156
244.107
213.786
214.832
140.010
297.965
259.944

218.065
208.438
209.955
160.607
209.702
263.688
212.718
274.317
245.531
260.316
214.624
215.526
140.156
327.625
261.005

219.806
210.755
211.774
162.695
212.335
269.125
215.067
276.996
246.945
270.602
215.529
216.230
140.792
340.411
261.729

219.250
210.264
211.433
160.922
208.004
263.228
213.122
277.598
247.327
262.107
216.080
216.650
140.885
325.603
262.367

May
2008

June
2008

July
2008

Aug.
2008

Recreation 2 ......................................................................
Video and audio 2 ...........................................................

112.663
102.443

112.831
102.181

113.264
102.195

Education and communication 2 .......................................
Education 2 .....................................................................
Educational books and supplies ...................................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ......................
Communication 2 ............................................................
Information and information processing 1 2 ..................
Telephone services 1 2 ...............................................
Information technology, hardware and services 1 5 ....
Personal computers and peripheral equipment 1 6 ...

123.004
179.968
443.715
518.616
83.929
81.080
99.879
10.118
97.028

123.613
180.749
444.469
520.969
84.393
81.513
100.677
10.071
95.663

Other goods and services .................................................
Tobacco and smoking products 1 ...................................
Personal care ..................................................................
Personal care products 1 ..............................................
Personal care services 1 ...............................................
Miscellaneous personal services ..................................

344.305
581.185
201.219
158.790
223.649
339.034

Feb.
2008

Aug.
2008

4.4
.8

2.1
1.4

2.7
-.9

4.2
5.9
6.9
5.8
2.6
2.2
4.3
-5.2
-13.3

5.0
6.3
15.0
5.6
3.7
3.7
5.8
-4.1
-15.9

2.7
5.8
4.0
6.0
-.6
-.8
.0
-4.4
-11.0

4.6
6.1
10.9
5.7
3.2
2.9
5.0
-4.6
-14.6

3.9
9.8
2.2
-2.2
4.2
5.7

5.3
4.2
5.7
2.9
5.2
6.5

4.0
11.6
1.9
1.2
.9
3.1

3.5
7.3
2.5
-.1
3.6
4.7

4.7
7.8
3.8
2.0
3.0
4.8

10.3
4.2
14.0
31.2
3.4
24.5
-.9
3.6
3.0
.2
6.7
5.4
1.8
3.1
5.8
3.5

3.1
4.6
2.2
4.4
.8
12.2
-1.4
3.2
2.7
2.2
5.3
5.7
5.4
4.0
3.9
3.4

5.3
5.9
5.1
10.8
-4.3
14.7
-1.9
4.6
1.6
2.7
29.9
4.3
10.0
6.9
3.2
4.3

10.4
9.1
11.2
14.6
7.4
25.5
-.3
4.8
2.3
.5
18.8
10.0
6.2
10.1
2.9
4.8

6.6
4.4
8.0
17.0
2.1
18.2
-1.1
3.4
2.8
1.2
6.0
5.6
3.6
3.6
4.8
3.5

7.9
7.5
8.1
12.7
1.4
20.0
-1.1
4.7
1.9
1.6
24.2
7.1
8.1
8.5
3.0
4.5

6.6
7.9
6.3
13.5
27.7
23.8
15.8
3.6
2.9
43.6
2.9
2.6
.5
77.3
3.4

2.9
3.4
3.1
2.3
3.0
9.2
4.2
3.7
3.1
7.6
2.7
2.3
.4
8.9
3.1

4.7
6.5
5.1
4.9
14.8
17.0
11.2
8.9
4.9
28.2
2.5
1.8
-.9
27.2
2.9

6.8
9.5
7.5
10.9
12.1
21.2
10.6
8.3
5.3
32.9
4.4
3.4
2.5
42.6
3.8

4.7
5.6
4.7
7.8
14.7
16.3
9.9
3.7
3.0
24.3
2.8
2.5
.5
39.0
3.2

5.7
8.0
6.3
7.9
13.4
19.1
10.9
8.6
5.1
30.6
3.4
2.6
.8
34.7
3.4

Expenditure category

Commodity and service group
Commodities .......................................................................
Food and beverages .........................................................
Commodities less food and beverages .............................
Nondurables less food and beverages ...........................
Apparel ..........................................................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ..........
Durables ..........................................................................
Services ..............................................................................
Rent of shelter 4 ................................................................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .............................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .............................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 ..............
Household operations 1 2 .................................................
Transportation services .....................................................
Medical care services .......................................................
Other services ...................................................................
Special indexes
All items less food ...............................................................
All items less shelter ...........................................................
All items less medical care ..................................................
Commodities less food ........................................................
Nondurables less food ........................................................
Nondurables less food and apparel ....................................
Nondurables ........................................................................
Services less rent of shelter 4 .............................................
Services less medical care services ...................................
Energy .................................................................................
All items less energy ...........................................................
All items less food and energy ..........................................
Commodities less food and energy commodities ...........
Energy commodities .....................................................
Services less energy services .........................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other

item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means
estimator.

4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-U

Indexes

Percent change to
Aug.2008 from—

Pricing
schedule
1

May
2008

June
2008

July
2008

Aug.
2008

M

216.632

218.815

219.964

Northeast urban ..............................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................

M
M
M

230.089
232.005
136.913

232.649
234.518
138.542

Midwest urban ................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................................

M
M
M

207.168
208.291
132.682

M

South urban ....................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................................
West urban .....................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................

Percent change to
July2008 from—

Aug.
2007

June
2008

July
2008

July
2007

May
2008

June
2008

219.086

5.4

0.1

-0.4

5.6

1.5

0.5

234.545
236.460
139.623

233.788
236.107
138.537

5.5
5.3
6.1

.5
.7
.0

-.3
-.1
-.8

5.7
5.5
6.3

1.9
1.9
2.0

.8
.8
.8

208.968
209.813
134.018

210.071
211.003
134.595

209.351
210.341
133.969

5.4
5.3
5.6

.2
.3
.0

-.3
-.3
-.5

5.6
5.3
5.9

1.4
1.3
1.4

.5
.6
.4

202.720

205.122

206.435

206.251

5.9

.6

-.1

6.0

1.8

.6

M
M
M

210.006
211.846
133.714

212.324
214.359
134.980

213.304
215.373
135.643

212.387
214.496
135.004

5.6
5.4
5.6

.0
.1
.0

-.4
-.4
-.5

5.8
5.6
5.8

1.6
1.7
1.4

.5
.5
.5

M

211.225

214.739

215.274

214.655

6.9

.0

-.3

6.8

1.9

.2

M
M
M

221.009
224.704
134.023

223.040
226.767
135.283

223.867
227.562
136.021

222.823
226.541
135.207

4.9
5.0
4.9

-.1
-.1
-.1

-.5
-.4
-.6

5.3
5.4
5.4

1.3
1.3
1.5

.4
.4
.5

M
M
M

197.898
133.997
209.308

199.840
135.330
211.989

200.941
136.055
212.555

200.278
135.315
212.138

5.2
5.5
5.9

.2
.0
.1

-.3
-.5
-.2

5.4
5.8
5.8

1.5
1.5
1.6

.6
.5
.3

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ...................
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA ...
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .........................................

M
M

214.932
226.651

215.738
229.033

217.459
229.886

215.971
228.484

4.9
5.1

.1
-.2

-.7
-.6

5.8
5.7

1.2
1.4

.8
.4

M

236.151

238.580

240.273

240.550

5.4

.8

.1

5.1

1.7

.7

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .....
Cleveland-Akron, OH ......................................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .....................................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV 6 ......

1
1
1
1

235.344
204.882
202.357
139.649

-

241.258
206.941
206.413
142.065

-

-

-

-

6.3
5.0
6.2
5.7

2.5
1.0
2.0
1.7

-

Atlanta, GA .....................................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI ..............................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ....................
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL .............................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD ........................................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ...........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ....................

2
2
2
2

-

212.032
207.593
193.567
225.079

-

211.404
209.484
192.723
225.473

5.0
4.9
4.9
5.8

-.3
.9
-.4
.2

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

228.408
225.181
228.068

-

228.337
225.411
227.745

4.4
4.2
5.4

.0
.1
-.1

-

-

-

-

U.S. city average ............................................
Region and area size2

Size classes
A 4 ..............................................................
B/C 3 ...........................................................
D .................................................................
Selected local areas5

1 Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas;
most other goods and services priced as indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually
and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and July issues of the CPI
Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN;
Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS;
Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ;
Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA;

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program.
Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is,
therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement
error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national
index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national
average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
2007

Unadjusted
indexes
July
2008

Aug.
2008

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 2008 from—
Aug.
2007

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from—

July
2008

May to
June

June to
July

July to
Aug.

Expenditure category
All items ........................................................................................
All items (1967=100) ....................................................................

100.000

216.304
644.303

215.247
641.155

5.9

-0.5

1.2

0.9

-0.2

-

-

-

-

-

-

Food and beverages ..................................................................
Food .........................................................................................
Food at home .........................................................................
Cereals and bakery products ...............................................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..............................................
Dairy and related products ...................................................
Fruits and vegetables ...........................................................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials ................
Other food at home ..............................................................
Sugar and sweets ..............................................................
Fats and oils .......................................................................
Other foods ........................................................................
Other miscellaneous foods 1 2 .........................................
Food away from home 1 .........................................................
Other food away from home 1 2 ...........................................
Alcoholic beverages .................................................................

15.926
14.901
8.595
1.110
2.192
.965
1.218
1.094
2.016
.279
.232
1.504
.438
6.305
.218
1.025

214.662
214.577
214.679
250.972
204.557
213.582
278.885
158.527
185.174
186.054
201.821
199.722
121.015
216.177
150.232
214.440

215.850
215.812
216.214
250.842
207.211
214.139
282.171
159.024
186.458
186.860
203.721
201.119
121.443
217.002
150.301
214.931

6.0
6.2
7.4
11.9
5.3
6.2
12.2
3.2
7.2
5.8
16.5
5.9
4.4
4.6
3.7
3.2

.6
.6
.7
-.1
1.3
.3
1.2
.3
.7
.4
.9
.7
.4
.4
.0
.2

.8
.8
1.0
.6
.8
1.6
3.2
.1
.4
.0
2.0
.2
-.3
.5
.5
.1

.9
.9
1.2
1.8
1.0
1.7
1.2
.8
.9
.4
2.1
.8
1.8
.6
.6
.5

.6
.6
.8
.0
1.2
.3
1.9
.2
.7
.7
1.1
.6
.4
.4
.0
.4

Housing ......................................................................................
Shelter ......................................................................................
Rent of primary residence 3 ...................................................
Lodging away from home 2 ....................................................
Owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence 3 4 ..................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 ...................................
Fuels and utilities .....................................................................
Household energy ..................................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels .........................................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .................................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 ...................
Household furnishings and operations .....................................
Household operations 1 2 .......................................................

39.994
30.397
7.979
1.233
20.888
.297
5.637
4.670
.323
4.347
.966
3.960
.339

215.026
239.845
242.276
152.248
228.824
119.006
236.381
217.640
388.208
219.612
152.220
123.798
151.290

214.743
240.038
243.010
148.368
229.219
118.894
233.373
213.807
363.535
216.557
154.475
123.944
152.083

4.2
2.5
3.6
-1.0
2.5
1.4
15.3
17.1
47.5
14.9
6.3
1.4
6.0

-.1
.1
.3
-2.5
.2
-.1
-1.3
-1.8
-6.4
-1.4
1.5
.1
.5

.5
.3
.4
1.1
.2
.6
1.7
2.0
7.9
1.5
.4
.1
.7

.7
.2
.3
-.1
.1
-.2
3.3
3.8
1.4
4.0
.7
.5
.3

.0
.1
.3
-1.0
.1
-.1
-1.0
-1.4
-5.6
-1.1
1.4
.2
.5

Apparel .......................................................................................
Men’s and boys’ apparel ..........................................................
Women’s and girls’ apparel ......................................................
Infants’ and toddlers’ apparel ...................................................
Footwear ..................................................................................

3.998
1.031
1.619
.251
.821

113.978
109.969
99.772
111.502
122.380

116.214
110.513
104.584
111.593
122.026

1.8
1.8
.6
-1.1
1.8

2.0
.5
4.8
.1
-.3

.0
-.7
.5
-.5
.2

.8
-.6
1.5
-.5
1.4

1.0
1.0
2.9
-1.3
-1.6

Transportation ............................................................................
Private transportation ...............................................................
New and used motor vehicles 2 .............................................
New vehicles ........................................................................
Used cars and trucks 1 .........................................................
Motor fuel ...............................................................................
Gasoline (all types) ..............................................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment 1 .....................................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair ...................................
Public transportation ................................................................

20.054
19.287
7.952
4.172
3.103
6.940
6.597
.446
1.169
.767

214.533
211.201
92.686
135.556
136.639
351.124
348.888
128.997
237.324
266.259

207.796
204.348
92.287
134.540
136.186
325.116
322.930
130.228
238.583
264.755

12.8
12.8
-1.0
-1.4
-1.3
36.0
35.6
7.1
5.3
14.6

-3.1
-3.2
-.4
-.7
-.3
-7.4
-7.4
1.0
.5
-.6

4.0
4.0
.0
.2
-.3
10.0
10.0
.8
.6
3.5

1.8
1.8
.1
.2
-.1
4.1
4.1
1.0
.7
1.0

-1.7
-1.8
-.4
-.5
-.3
-4.2
-4.2
1.0
.6
.8

Medical care ...............................................................................
Medical care commodities ........................................................
Medical care services ...............................................................
Professional services .............................................................
Hospital and related services 3 ..............................................

5.192
1.295
3.897
2.159
1.260

363.942
286.562
386.560
314.235
529.798

364.652
286.880
387.420
314.893
532.065

3.4
1.2
4.1
3.4
7.4

.2
.1
.2
.2
.4

.2
.1
.2
.3
.4

.1
-.2
.1
.2
.3

.3
.2
.4
.3
.7

See footnotes at end of table.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group-Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
2007

Unadjusted
indexes
July
2008

Aug.
2008

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 2008 from—
Aug.
2007

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from—

July
2008

May to
June

June to
July

July to
Aug.

Expenditure category
Recreation 2 ...............................................................................
Video and audio 2 ....................................................................

5.341
1.987

110.198
102.267

110.698
102.643

2.3
.7

0.5
.4

0.2
-.3

0.4
.1

0.5
.4

Education and communication 2 ................................................
Education 2 ..............................................................................
Educational books and supplies .............................................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ................................
Communication 2 .....................................................................
Information and information processing 1 2 ............................
Telephone services 1 2 .........................................................
Information technology, hardware and services 1 5 .............
Personal computers and peripheral equipment 1 6 ............

5.987
2.377
.204
2.174
3.609
3.488
2.869
.619
.228

119.852
176.879
446.741
498.598
87.490
85.484
101.375
10.600
94.691

120.809
180.819
461.104
509.241
87.369
85.355
101.339
10.525
92.931

3.3
6.0
7.0
5.9
1.4
1.3
2.4
-4.0
-12.8

.8
2.2
3.2
2.1
-.1
-.2
.0
-.7
-1.9

.5
.3
.1
.4
.6
.6
.8
-.3
-1.3

.5
.5
.8
.5
.5
.6
.6
.1
-1.1

.2
.8
2.4
.7
-.1
-.2
.0
-.7
-1.9

Other goods and services ..........................................................
Tobacco and smoking products 1 ............................................
Personal care ...........................................................................
Personal care products 1 .......................................................
Personal care services 1 ........................................................
Miscellaneous personal services ...........................................

3.508
1.183
2.325
.647
.560
.910

359.961
599.180
199.495
159.237
223.994
341.763

360.102
599.823
199.501
159.345
224.464
342.974

4.6
7.8
3.0
1.0
3.3
4.8

.0
.1
.0
.1
.2
.4

.6
1.5
.1
.0
.0
.2

.5
1.2
.2
.1
.1
.1

.2
.1
.2
.1
.2
.4

44.745
15.926
28.819
17.315
3.998
13.318
11.504
55.255
30.100
.297
4.347
.966
.339
5.266
3.897
10.042

185.105
214.662
167.376
225.595
113.978
300.341
111.820
252.991
231.255
119.006
219.612
152.220
151.290
245.005
386.560
284.449

182.846
215.850
163.761
218.454
116.214
287.124
111.357
253.304
231.445
118.894
216.557
154.475
152.083
246.041
387.420
286.389

8.1
6.0
9.3
16.5
1.8
21.0
-.9
4.2
2.5
1.4
14.9
6.3
6.0
5.2
4.1
3.8

-1.2
.6
-2.2
-3.2
2.0
-4.4
-.4
.1
.1
-.1
-1.4
1.5
.5
.4
.2
.7

2.1
.8
2.8
4.5
.0
6.1
.0
.5
.3
.6
1.5
.4
.7
1.0
.2
.3

1.3
.9
1.4
1.3
.8
2.5
.1
.6
.2
-.2
4.0
.7
.3
.5
.1
.5

-.6
.6
-1.2
-1.9
1.0
-2.6
-.3
.2
.1
-.1
-1.1
1.4
.5
.7
.4
.4

85.099
69.603
94.808
29.844
18.341
14.343
33.241
25.155
51.358
11.610
88.390
73.489
22.581
7.264
50.908

216.407
210.069
210.002
169.213
225.309
291.760
221.740
246.411
243.071
282.579
209.062
208.317
140.492
354.402
256.365
$ .462
$ .155

214.950
208.544
208.900
165.689
218.562
279.753
218.473
246.834
243.354
267.624
209.718
208.857
140.802
328.310
257.072
$ .465
$ .156

5.9
7.4
6.1
9.1
15.7
19.6
11.3
6.2
4.2
27.8
3.1
2.5
.9
36.7
3.3

-.7
-.7
-.5
-2.1
-3.0
-4.1
-1.5
.2
.1
-5.3
.3
.3
.2
-7.4
.3

1.3
1.6
1.3
2.8
4.3
5.7
2.7
.8
.6
6.8
.4
.3
.2
9.9
.4

.9
1.2
.9
1.4
1.3
2.3
1.1
1.1
.6
4.0
.4
.3
.4
4.0
.3

-.3
-.3
-.2
-1.2
-1.8
-2.4
-.8
.2
.2
-3.2
.3
.2
.1
-4.3
.3

-

-

-

-

-

Commodity and service group
Commodities ................................................................................
Food and beverages ..................................................................
Commodities less food and beverages ......................................
Nondurables less food and beverages .....................................
Apparel ...................................................................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ....................
Durables ...................................................................................
Services .......................................................................................
Rent of shelter 4 .........................................................................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .......................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .......................................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .......................
Household operations 1 2 ...........................................................
Transportation services ..............................................................
Medical care services .................................................................
Other services ............................................................................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................................................................
All items less shelter ....................................................................
All items less medical care ...........................................................
Commodities less food .................................................................
Nondurables less food .................................................................
Nondurables less food and apparel .............................................
Nondurables .................................................................................
Services less rent of shelter 4 ......................................................
Services less medical care services ............................................
Energy ..........................................................................................
All items less energy ....................................................................
All items less food and energy ...................................................
Commodities less food and energy commodities .....................
Energy commodities ...............................................................
Services less energy services ..................................................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1982-84=$1.00) ........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1967=$1.00) .............

-

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other

item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base

5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
- Data not available.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by
expenditure category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for
3 months ended—

CPI-W

6 months
ended—

Nov.
2007

Feb.
2008

May
2008

Aug.
2008

215.130

6.9

3.4

5.4

214.883
214.813
215.085
249.875
204.852
214.042
283.919
158.971
184.409
184.838
201.406
198.916
121.015
216.177
150.232
214.434

216.195
216.160
216.812
249.930
207.265
214.768
289.447
159.322
185.692
186.049
203.666
200.172
121.443
217.002
150.301
215.219

4.0
4.1
4.3
6.4
2.5
6.8
10.7
-.3
2.7
4.2
6.3
1.6
-1.9
3.9
.8
1.9

4.6
4.5
5.0
12.6
1.9
2.6
.7
5.6
7.2
4.2
15.7
6.4
10.9
3.9
4.7
5.0

212.511
239.047
241.841
144.505
228.635
119.293
223.395
203.870
388.227
204.597
151.009
123.200
150.867

213.943
239.431
242.535
144.351
228.943
119.006
230.774
211.612
393.808
212.785
152.020
123.832
151.290

213.851
239.715
243.215
142.928
229.239
118.894
228.472
208.571
371.762
210.473
154.174
124.141
152.083

3.9
3.3
4.4
.6
3.1
.3
10.1
11.0
70.7
7.0
5.4
-.8
2.1

117.867
114.340
105.056
116.416
124.059

117.920
113.486
105.595
115.785
124.267

118.892
112.842
107.177
115.245
126.005

120.050
113.971
110.267
113.771
124.021

Transportation ...................................................................
Private transportation ......................................................
New and used motor vehicles 2 ....................................
New vehicles ...............................................................
Used cars and trucks 1 ...............................................
Motor fuel ......................................................................
Gasoline (all types) .....................................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment 1 ............................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair ..........................
Public transportation .......................................................

199.181
196.071
92.890
135.905
137.145
293.566
291.449
126.742
234.314
247.717

207.141
203.949
92.928
136.143
136.790
322.859
320.576
127.750
235.703
256.314

210.841
207.657
93.007
136.460
136.639
336.117
333.854
128.997
237.365
258.873

Medical care ......................................................................
Medical care commodities ..............................................
Medical care services .....................................................
Professional services ....................................................
Hospital and related services 3 .....................................

362.884
286.461
385.115
312.553
527.119

363.629
286.749
386.038
313.396
529.160

363.864
286.207
386.607
314.053
530.663

May
2008

June
2008

July
2008

Aug.
2008

All items ..............................................................................

211.044

213.601

215.507

Food and beverages .........................................................
Food ................................................................................
Food at home ................................................................
Cereals and bakery products ......................................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....................................
Dairy and related products ..........................................
Fruits and vegetables ..................................................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials .......
Other food at home .....................................................
Sugar and sweets .....................................................
Fats and oils ..............................................................
Other foods ...............................................................
Other miscellaneous foods 1 2 ................................
Food away from home 1 ...............................................
Other food away from home 1 2 ..................................
Alcoholic beverages ........................................................

211.319
211.101
210.454
243.972
201.242
207.156
271.784
157.428
182.005
184.122
193.415
196.873
119.248
213.723
148.517
213.079

212.937
212.814
212.594
245.533
202.831
210.453
280.522
157.651
182.718
184.097
197.297
197.277
118.879
214.851
149.306
213.293

Housing .............................................................................
Shelter .............................................................................
Rent of primary residence 3 ..........................................
Lodging away from home 2 ...........................................
Owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence 3 4 .........
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .........................
Fuels and utilities ............................................................
Household energy .........................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .......................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 ..........
Household furnishings and operations ............................
Household operations 1 2 .............................................

211.451
238.312
240.917
142.993
228.112
118.615
219.616
199.931
359.850
201.596
150.387
123.075
149.816

Apparel ..............................................................................
Men’s and boys’ apparel .................................................
Women’s and girls’ apparel .............................................
Infants’ and toddlers’ apparel ..........................................
Footwear .........................................................................

Feb.
2008

Aug.
2008

8.0

5.1

6.7

6.0
6.3
7.8
18.7
4.7
.5
10.1
2.6
10.5
10.6
21.8
8.8
1.4
4.2
4.4
1.9

9.6
9.9
12.6
10.1
12.5
15.5
28.6
4.9
8.4
4.3
22.9
6.9
7.6
6.3
4.9
4.1

4.3
4.3
4.7
9.5
2.2
4.7
5.6
2.6
4.9
4.2
10.9
4.0
4.3
3.9
2.8
3.4

7.8
8.1
10.2
14.3
8.6
7.8
19.0
3.7
9.4
7.4
22.4
7.8
4.4
5.3
4.6
3.0

2.8
2.5
3.4
-1.7
2.7
1.9
6.0
6.2
20.8
4.8
5.5
.6
4.4

5.7
2.1
2.9
-2.3
2.0
2.4
29.4
35.0
101.8
30.9
4.1
2.5
11.4

4.6
2.4
3.9
-.2
2.0
.9
17.1
18.4
13.9
18.8
10.5
3.5
6.2

3.3
2.9
3.9
-.5
2.9
1.1
8.0
8.6
43.6
5.9
5.5
-.1
3.2

5.2
2.2
3.4
-1.2
2.0
1.7
23.1
26.5
51.6
24.7
7.2
3.0
8.8

2.2
1.5
-.7
10.6
4.1

2.5
8.7
-3.0
1.7
.9

-4.8
-1.5
-12.3
-6.9
2.5

7.6
-1.3
21.4
-8.8
-.1

2.3
5.1
-1.9
6.0
2.5

1.2
-1.4
3.2
-7.8
1.2

207.328
203.988
92.659
135.721
136.186
321.941
319.790
130.228
238.826
261.046

21.0
21.4
-1.2
-1.3
-1.6
77.3
77.3
5.8
2.0
11.8

4.2
4.2
-.4
-2.4
1.9
8.2
8.0
6.4
5.5
4.5

8.9
8.5
-1.8
-1.3
-2.7
23.2
21.9
4.9
5.8
19.7

17.4
17.2
-1.0
-.5
-2.8
44.6
44.9
11.5
7.9
23.3

12.3
12.4
-.8
-1.8
.1
38.5
38.4
6.1
3.7
8.1

13.1
12.8
-1.4
-.9
-2.7
33.5
32.9
8.1
6.8
21.5

364.964
286.645
387.963
315.066
534.373

5.5
3.7
6.0
3.3
10.1

4.0
3.6
4.2
3.0
9.0

1.7
-2.5
3.2
3.8
5.1

2.3
.3
3.0
3.3
5.6

4.8
3.7
5.1
3.2
9.6

2.0
-1.1
3.1
3.5
5.4

Expenditure category

See footnotes at end of table.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by
expenditure category and commodity and service group-Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for
3 months ended—

CPI-W

6 months
ended—

Nov.
2007

Feb.
2008

May
2008

Aug.
2008

110.748
102.685

2.6
2.8

1.5
1.7

0.8
-2.5

120.439
179.067
450.380
504.965
87.490
85.484
101.375
10.600
94.691

120.740
180.563
461.173
508.443
87.369
85.355
101.339
10.525
92.931

1.3
5.2
4.6
5.3
-1.6
-1.7
-.4
-9.0
-21.6

2.6
5.7
3.0
6.0
.5
.5
.2
1.7
1.3

358.283
592.248
199.288
159.052
223.838
341.405

360.084
599.180
199.599
159.237
223.994
341.783

360.634
599.823
199.951
159.345
224.464
343.214

3.4
5.1
2.6
2.0
2.9
4.0

178.328
211.319
159.383
210.341
117.867
271.995
111.755
249.457
229.711
118.615
201.596
150.387
149.816
240.862
385.115
283.039

182.091
212.937
163.920
219.911
117.920
288.571
111.778
250.646
230.376
119.293
204.597
151.009
150.867
243.223
386.038
283.979

184.380
214.883
166.283
222.730
118.892
295.649
111.904
252.098
230.750
119.006
212.785
152.020
151.290
244.333
386.607
285.261

183.312
216.195
164.264
218.408
120.050
287.973
111.513
252.502
231.020
118.894
210.473
154.174
152.083
246.033
387.963
286.423

210.840
203.388
204.658
161.360
210.849
265.929
212.335
240.775
239.416
244.995
207.772
207.468
140.914
297.683
254.534

213.542
206.640
207.249
165.803
219.878
281.115
218.042
242.816
240.801
261.655
208.598
208.116
141.128
327.093
255.507

215.430
209.123
209.190
168.143
222.640
287.558
220.363
245.434
242.231
272.093
209.458
208.747
141.700
340.121
256.168

214.752
208.500
208.771
166.189
218.543
280.555
218.559
245.949
242.706
263.479
210.097
209.244
141.896
325.564
256.890

May
2008

June
2008

July
2008

Aug.
2008

Recreation 2 ......................................................................
Video and audio 2 ...........................................................

109.561
102.431

109.737
102.166

110.173
102.269

Education and communication 2 .......................................
Education 2 .....................................................................
Educational books and supplies ...................................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ......................
Communication 2 ............................................................
Information and information processing 1 2 ..................
Telephone services 1 2 ...............................................
Information technology, hardware and services 1 5 ....
Personal computers and peripheral equipment 1 6 ...

119.217
177.579
446.426
500.792
86.495
84.511
99.939
10.621
97.010

119.805
178.167
446.991
502.545
87.016
85.007
100.723
10.585
95.766

Other goods and services .................................................
Tobacco and smoking products 1 ...................................
Personal care ..................................................................
Personal care products 1 ..............................................
Personal care services 1 ...............................................
Miscellaneous personal services ..................................

356.181
583.296
199.078
158.993
223.922
340.592

Feb.
2008

Aug.
2008

4.4
1.0

2.1
2.2

2.6
-.8

4.0
6.0
6.6
6.0
2.7
2.5
4.1
-4.9
-13.5

5.2
6.9
13.9
6.3
4.1
4.1
5.7
-3.6
-15.8

1.9
5.5
3.8
5.6
-.5
-.6
-.1
-3.8
-10.9

4.6
6.5
10.2
6.1
3.4
3.3
4.9
-4.2
-14.6

4.7
10.3
2.1
-1.8
4.5
5.2

5.2
4.2
5.7
2.9
4.8
7.0

5.1
11.8
1.8
.9
1.0
3.1

4.1
7.6
2.4
.1
3.7
4.6

5.2
7.9
3.7
1.9
2.8
5.0

11.1
4.0
15.6
34.1
2.2
29.1
-.2
3.7
3.4
.3
7.0
5.4
2.1
2.2
6.0
3.0

3.8
4.6
3.3
5.5
2.5
10.8
-.4
3.0
2.4
1.9
4.8
5.5
4.4
3.8
4.2
2.9

5.7
6.0
5.6
12.0
-4.8
19.2
-2.1
5.1
1.9
2.4
30.9
4.1
11.4
5.8
3.2
4.2

11.7
9.6
12.8
16.2
7.6
25.7
-.9
5.0
2.3
.9
18.8
10.5
6.2
8.9
3.0
4.9

7.4
4.3
9.3
19.0
2.3
19.6
-.3
3.3
2.9
1.1
5.9
5.5
3.2
3.0
5.1
3.0

8.6
7.8
9.1
14.1
1.2
22.4
-1.5
5.0
2.1
1.7
24.7
7.2
8.8
7.3
3.1
4.5

7.5
8.6
7.0
15.1
31.9
26.7
18.4
3.2
3.0
45.4
2.7
2.4
.3
77.0
3.4

3.1
3.8
3.3
3.3
5.6
10.4
4.8
3.5
2.8
7.7
2.8
2.4
1.4
9.2
2.9

5.2
6.8
5.6
5.4
11.6
18.3
10.3
9.3
5.4
27.7
2.5
1.8
-1.0
25.9
3.1

7.6
10.4
8.3
12.5
15.4
23.9
12.3
8.9
5.6
33.8
4.6
3.5
2.8
43.1
3.8

5.3
6.1
5.2
9.0
18.0
18.3
11.4
3.4
2.9
25.1
2.8
2.4
.8
39.0
3.1

6.4
8.6
6.9
8.9
13.5
21.1
11.3
9.1
5.5
30.7
3.5
2.6
.9
34.2
3.4

Expenditure category

Commodity and service group
Commodities .......................................................................
Food and beverages .........................................................
Commodities less food and beverages .............................
Nondurables less food and beverages ...........................
Apparel ..........................................................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ..........
Durables ..........................................................................
Services ..............................................................................
Rent of shelter 4 ................................................................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .............................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .............................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 ..............
Household operations 1 2 .................................................
Transportation services .....................................................
Medical care services .......................................................
Other services ...................................................................
Special indexes
All items less food ...............................................................
All items less shelter ...........................................................
All items less medical care ..................................................
Commodities less food ........................................................
Nondurables less food ........................................................
Nondurables less food and apparel ....................................
Nondurables ........................................................................
Services less rent of shelter 4 .............................................
Services less medical care services ...................................
Energy .................................................................................
All items less energy ...........................................................
All items less food and energy ..........................................
Commodities less food and energy commodities ...........
Energy commodities .....................................................
Services less energy services .........................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other

item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means
estimator.

4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
6 Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-W

Indexes

Percent change to
Aug.2008 from—

Pricing
schedule
1

May
2008

June
2008

July
2008

Aug.
2008

M

212.788

215.223

216.304

Northeast urban ..............................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................

M
M
M

227.114
227.412
137.624

229.829
230.120
139.286

Midwest urban ................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................................

M
M
M

202.912
202.969
132.867

M

South urban ....................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................................
West urban .....................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................

Percent change to
July2008 from—

Aug.
2007

June
2008

July
2008

July
2007

May
2008

June
2008

215.247

5.9

0.0

-0.5

6.2

1.7

0.5

231.488
231.808
140.253

230.790
231.465
139.329

6.2
6.0
6.6

.4
.6
.0

-.3
-.1
-.7

6.2
6.1
6.6

1.9
1.9
1.9

.7
.7
.7

204.867
204.509
134.409

206.038
205.761
135.037

205.121
204.989
134.236

5.9
5.6
6.2

.1
.2
-.1

-.4
-.4
-.6

6.1
5.7
6.5

1.5
1.4
1.6

.6
.6
.5

201.494

204.023

205.452

204.812

6.4

.4

-.3

6.6

2.0

.7

M
M
M

207.912
210.748
132.808

210.469
213.549
134.222

211.438
214.379
134.952

210.362
213.439
134.179

6.2
6.0
6.1

-.1
-.1
.0

-.5
-.4
-.6

6.4
6.2
6.4

1.7
1.7
1.6

.5
.4
.5

M

212.533

216.357

216.901

216.031

7.5

-.2

-.4

7.5

2.1

.3

M
M
M

216.029
218.141
134.133

218.508
220.603
135.738

219.248
221.232
136.478

217.854
219.827
135.464

5.4
5.6
5.4

-.3
-.4
-.2

-.6
-.6
-.7

6.0
6.2
5.9

1.5
1.4
1.7

.3
.3
.5

M
M
M

196.844
133.729
208.246

199.028
135.240
211.236

200.009
135.986
211.929

199.187
135.138
211.233

5.8
6.1
6.4

.1
-.1
.0

-.4
-.6
-.3

6.0
6.4
6.4

1.6
1.7
1.8

.5
.6
.3

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ...................
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA ...
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .........................................

M
M

208.403
219.702

209.021
222.435

211.020
223.245

209.435
221.230

5.4
5.7

.2
-.5

-.8
-.9

6.2
6.6

1.3
1.6

1.0
.4

M

230.923

233.776

235.446

235.510

6.1

.7

.0

5.9

2.0

.7

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .....
Cleveland-Akron, OH ......................................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .....................................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV 6 ......

1
1
1
1

235.419
195.898
206.258
139.332

-

240.511
198.063
210.830
141.622

-

-

-

-

6.2
5.7
7.5
5.9

2.2
1.1
2.2
1.6

-

Atlanta, GA .....................................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI ..............................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ....................
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL .............................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD ........................................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ...........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ....................

2
2
2
2

-

212.013
203.524
193.742
223.849

-

211.113
205.492
193.206
224.597

5.5
5.5
5.9
6.4

-.4
1.0
-.3
.3

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

228.429
221.454
223.573

-

228.212
221.385
223.273

5.0
4.6
6.2

-.1
.0
-.1

-

-

-

-

U.S. city average ............................................
Region and area size2

Size classes
A 4 ..............................................................
B/C 3 ...........................................................
D .................................................................
Selected local areas5

1 Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas;
most other goods and services priced as indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually
and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and July issues of the CPI
Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN;
Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS;
Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ;
Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA;

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program.
Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is,
therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement
error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national
index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national
average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 7. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(December 1999=100, unless otherwise noted)

C-CPI-U

Relative
importance,
2005-2006

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 2008 from—

Unadjusted
indexes
July
2008

Aug.
2008

Aug.
2007

July
2008

Expenditure category
All items ......................................................................................

100.000

126.116

125.843

4.7

-0.2

Food and beverages ................................................................
Food .......................................................................................
Food at home .......................................................................
Food away from home ..........................................................
Alcoholic beverages ...............................................................

14.726
13.648
7.557
6.091
1.077

126.459
126.641
124.391
129.640
124.546

127.106
127.307
125.255
130.051
124.950

5.7
5.9
7.1
4.4
3.4

.5
.5
.7
.3
.3

Housing ....................................................................................
Shelter ....................................................................................
Fuels and utilities ....................................................................
Household furnishings and operations ...................................

42.421
32.409
5.004
5.008

130.200
130.773
175.270
96.105

130.003
130.741
173.245
96.144

3.5
2.4
14.6
.5

-.2
.0
-1.2
.0

Apparel .....................................................................................

3.988

84.768

86.236

1.1

1.7

Transportation ..........................................................................
Private transportation .............................................................
Public transportation ...............................................................

17.393
16.285
1.108

138.367
138.954
132.480

135.388
135.808
131.800

10.2
9.9
15.0

-2.2
-2.3
-.5

Medical care .............................................................................
Medical care commodities ......................................................
Medical care services .............................................................

6.085
1.615
4.470

141.656
124.847
147.959

141.848
124.943
148.191

3.0
1.3
3.6

.1
.1
.2

Recreation ................................................................................

5.935

105.634

106.026

1.4

.4

Education and communication .................................................
Education ...............................................................................
Communication ......................................................................

6.196
2.771
3.425

107.565
166.019
74.463

108.467
169.625
74.293

2.9
5.9
.5

.8
2.2
-.2

Other goods and services ........................................................

3.257

128.601

128.634

4.0

.0

58.427
41.573
11.817
29.756
77.561
8.790

133.831
116.468
83.257
134.179
117.543
237.294

133.970
115.695
82.845
133.199
117.757
225.983

3.9
5.8
-1.7
9.0
2.2
26.7

.1
-.7
-.5
-.7
.2
-4.8

Commodity and service group
Services ......................................................................................
Commodities ..............................................................................
Durables ...................................................................................
Nondurables ...............................................................................
All items less food and energy .................................................
Energy ........................................................................................

Indexes for 2008 are initial estimates. Indexes for 2007 are interim adjustments.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.