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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
USDL-99-254
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
TRANSMISSION OF
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
MATERIAL IN THIS
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
INTERNET ADDRESS:
Wednesday, September 15, 1999
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

AUGUST 1999

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.2
percent in August, before seasonal adjustment, to a level of 167.1 (198284=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today. For the 12-month period ended in August, the CPI-U
increased 2.3 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) rose 0.3 in August, prior to seasonal adjustment. The August
level of 163.8 was 2.4 percent higher than the index in August 1998.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U increased 0.3 percent in
August, the same as in July. Energy costs increased sharply for the
second consecutive month--up 2.7 percent in August--accounting for about
two-thirds of the August advance in the overall CPI. The index for
petroleum-based energy rose 5.4 percent in August, and the index for
energy services increased 0.3 percent. For the second consecutive month
in August, the food index increased 0.2 percent and the index for food at
home, 0.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent,
following an increase of 0.2 percent in July. Downturns in the indexes for
airline fares and cigarettes accounted for the smaller advance in the
August all items less food and energy index.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound
adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
12-mos.
Category
1999
3-mos. ended
ended
Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Aug. `99
Aug. `99
All Items
.1
.2
.7
.0
.0
.3
.3
2.4
2.3
Food and beverages .2
-.2
.1
.4
.0
.2
.2
1.5
2.0
Housing
.1
.2
.4
.1
.2
.1
.2
2.0
2.2

Apparel
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Education and
communication
Other goods and
services
Special Indexes
Energy
Food
All Items less
Food and energy

-.2
-.1
.2
-.1

-.3
.7
.2
.0

1.5
2.4
.4
.3

-.2
-.5
.2
.2

-.4
-.6
.4
.0

-.9
1.2
.3
.0

-.3
.9
.4
.0

-6.2
6.0
4.1
.0

-3.1
3.2
3.4
.9

.1

.0

.1

-.1

.0

.2

.2

1.6

1.1

-.1

-.6

1.0

-.2

.2

.9

-.2

3.5

8.2

.0
.1

1.6
-.2

6.1 -1.3 -1.2
.1
.4
.0

2.1
.2

2.7
.2

15.3
1.5

7.2
2.0

.1

.1

.2

.1

1.4

1.9

.4

.1

.1

During the first eight months of 1999, the CPI-U rose at a 2.6
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an
increase of 1.6 percent for all of 1998. The acceleration thus far in1999
has been due to energy costs, which increased at a 15.4 percent annual
rate in the first eight months of 1999 after declining 8.8 percent in all
of 1998. Food costs, which rose 2.3 percent in 1998, have risen at a 1.9
percent SAAR in the first eight months of 1999. Excluding food and
energy, the CPI-U has advanced at a 1.6 percent rate compared with a 2.4
percent rise for all of 1998.
The food and beverages index rose 0.2 percent in August. The index
for food at home increased 0.1 percent, the same as in July. The index
for fruits and vegetables, which had declined in each of the preceding two
months, rose 0.6 percent in August. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, the
index for fruits and vegetables was virtually unchanged.) The index for
fresh fruits decreased 0.4 percent, despite another increase in citrus
fruit prices. In the first eight months of 1999, prices for citrus fruits
have risen 60.8 percent. The index for fresh vegetables rose 2.2 percent
and the index for processed fruits and vegetables increased 0.1 percent.
The index for dairy products rose 0.5 percent in August. The index for
meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which declined 0.1 percent in July,
increased 0.3 percent in August. Increases in the indexes for eggs and
poultry--up 4.0 and 0.8 percent, respectively--more than offset declines
in the indexes for beef and veal and for pork. Among the other major
grocery store food groups, the index for other food at home rose 0.3
percent, while the indexes for cereal and bakery products and for
nonalcoholic beverages declined 0.9 and 0.1 percent, respectively. The
other two components of the food and beverages index--food away from home
and alcoholic beverages--each increased 0.3 percent.

The index for housing rose 0.2 percent in August, following an
increase of 0.1 percent in July. Shelter costs also rose 0.2 percent in
August. Within shelter, the indexes for rent and for owners' equivalent
rent each increased 0.2 percent, while the index for lodging away from
home declined 0.3 percent. The index for fuels and utilities increased
0.4 percent in August. The index for household fuels rose 0.4 percent.
The indexes for fuel oil and for natural gas increased 2.9 and 1.9
percent, respectively, while the index for electricity declined 0.3
percent. The index for household furnishings and operations, which was
unchanged in July, rose 0.1 percent in August.
The transportation component, which rose 1.2 percent in July,
advanced 0.9 percent in August. The gasoline index increased sharply for
the second consecutive month--up 5.6 percent in August after rising 4.3
percent in July. Gasoline prices have risen 25.1 percent thus far in
1999, but as of August are 9.8 percent lower than their peak level in
November 1990. Airline fares, which increased 6.5 percent in July, turned
down in August, declining 2.7 percent. The index for new and used
vehicles rose 0.1 percent in August; a 1.0 percent increase in the index
for used cars and trucks more than offset a 0.1 percent decline in the
index for new vehicles.
The index for apparel declined for the fourth consecutive month, down
0.3 percent in August. Discounting on men's and boys' wear more than
offset price increases on women's and girls' clothing.
Medical care costs rose 0.4 percent in August to a level 3.4 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.6 percent,
with the index for prescription drugs up 0.7 percent. The index for
medical care services rose 0.3 percent. Charges for physicians' services
and for hospital services increased 0.1 and 0.6 percent, respectively.
In August, for the third consecutive month, the index for recreation
costs was unchanged. Increases in the indexes for cable television, for
fees for lessons, and for club memberships were offset by declines in the
indexes for toys, for pets and pet services, for sporting goods, for
photography, and for admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and
sporting events.
The index for education and communication increased 0.2 percent in
August. Educational costs rose 0.3 percent, and the index for
communication increased 0.1 percent. Within the latter group, the index
for personal computers and peripheral equipment declined 3.8 percent,
while the index for telephone services increased 0.3 percent.

The index for other goods and services declined 0.2 percent in
August, following a 0.9 percent increase in July. The index for tobacco
and smoking products, which rose 3.3 percent in July, fell 1.3 percent in
August, reflecting a 1.8 percent drop in cigarette prices.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.2 percent in August.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1999
3-mos. ended ended
Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
Aug.`99
Aug. `99
All Items
.0
.1
.7
.0
.0
.4
.2
2.5
2.4
Food and beverages .1
-.2
.1
.3
.1
.2
.2
1.7
2.0
Housing
.1
.3
.3
.1
.1
.2
.1
1.8
2.1
Apparel
-.4
-.4 1.4 -.1 -.5 -.7 -.5
-6.6
-2.7
Transportation
-.4
.6 2.6 -.4 -.5 1.2 1.0
7.2
3.4
Medical care
.2
.3
.4
.2
.4
.3
.2
3.6
3.4
Recreation
-.2
-.1
.2
.2
.1
.0 -.1
.0
.4
Education and
communication
.2
.0 -.1
.0
.1
.2
.1
1.6
1.2
Other goods and
services
-.2 -1.0 1.4 -.4
.3 1.2 -.4
4.4
10.4
Special Indexes
Energy
-.2
2.0 6.4 -1.4 -1.2 2.3 2.8
16.6
8.0
Food
.1
-.2
.1
.3
.1
.1
.2
1.7
1.9
All Items less
food and energy
.0
.0
.4
.1
.1
.2
.1
1.6
1.9
Consumer Price Index data for September are scheduled for release on
Tuesday, October 19, 1999, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
_______________________________________________________________________
A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

Because price data are used for different purposes by
different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes
seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each
month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy,
seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred since they
eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the
same time and in about the same magnitude every year--such
as price movements resulting from changing climatic
conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays,
and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to
consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation
purposes. Many collective bargaining contract agreements
and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to
the Consumer Price Index unadjusted for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally
adjusted indexes are derived by the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal
Adjustment Method. The updated seasonal data at the end of
1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977. Subsequent
annual updates have replaced 5 years of seasonal data, e.g.,
data from 1994 through 1998 were replaced at the end of
1998. The seasonal movement of all items and 54 other
aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal movement
of 73 selected components. Each year the seasonal status of
every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical
criteria. If any of the 73 components change their seasonal
adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally
adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used for the
last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes will be
used before that period.
Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index
levels, are subject to revision for up to five years after
their original release. For this reason, BLS advises
against the use of these data in escalation agreements.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors
for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention
Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.

Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme values
and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal
pattern are estimated and removed from the data prior to
calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the
calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12-ARIMA
software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment.
For the fuel oil and the motor fuels indexes, this
procedure was used to offset the effects that extreme price
volatility would otherwise have had on the estimates of
seasonally adjusted data for those series. For some women's
apparel indexes and the girls' apparel index, the procedure
was used to offset the effects of changes in pricing
methodology. For the tobacco and smoking products index,
this procedure was used to offset the effects wholesale
tobacco prices and legal fees passed on to consumers. For
some alcoholic beverage series, Intervention Analysis
Seasonal Adjustment was used to offset the effects of excise
tax increases. For the Nonalcoholic beverages index, the
procedure was used to offset the effects of a large increase
in coffee prices due to adverse weather. The procedure was
used to account for unusual butter fat supply reductions
affecting the Fats and oils series. For the Water and
sewerage maintenance index, the procedure was used to
account for a data collection anomaly.
A description of Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment, as well as a list of unusual events modeled and
seasonal factors for these items may be obtained by writing
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices
and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or by calling Claire
McAnaw Gallagher on (202) 606-6968 or sending e-mail to
Gallagher_C@BLS.GOV.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity
and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Relative
importance,

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
Aug. 1999 from-

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from-

CPI-U

December
1998

July
1999

Aug.
1999

Aug.
1998

July
1999

May to June to July to
June
July
Aug.

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

166.7
499.2

167.1
500.7

2.3
-

0.2
-

0.0
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

16.408
15.422
9.691
1.544
2.569
1.088
1.440

164.2
163.8
163.7
186.3
147.3
155.7
202.0

164.7
164.2
164.1
184.9
148.5
156.5
202.1

2.0
2.0
1.7
1.2
0.2
4.0
3.2

0.3
0.2
0.2
-0.8
0.8
0.5
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
-0.1
-0.5

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
-0.1
-0.3
-0.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
-0.9
0.3
0.5
0.6

1.049
2.002
.377
.309
1.316
.320
5.730
.175
.986

134.3
153.7
152.4
148.1
169.3
104.2
165.1
105.5
169.9

134.5
154.2
152.7
148.6
169.9
104.8
165.6
105.8
170.2

1.9
1.4
1.7
-0.7
1.8
1.3
2.5
3.4
2.7

0.1
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.2

0.3
0.1
-0.4
0.0
0.2
-0.1
0.0
0.1
0.2

0.4
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.1
-0.7
0.3
1.1
0.5

-0.1
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

39.828
30.283
7.007
2.376

164.7
188.0
177.5
117.1

165.0
188.3
177.9
117.1

2.2
2.7
3.0
3.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.0

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.6

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
-0.3

20.529
.371
4.735
3.801
.227
3.574

193.0
102.1
131.1
116.0
87.5
124.0

193.4
102.2
131.4
116.2
89.2
124.1

2.6
3.0
0.6
0.3
2.9
0.1

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
1.9
0.1

0.1
1.7
0.2
0.1
1.0
0.1

0.1
-0.1
0.5
0.7
1.9
0.6

0.2
0.1
0.4
0.4
2.4
0.3

.934
4.810
.908

104.1
126.8
104.3

104.4
126.8
105.0

2.2
0.0
2.9

0.3
0.0
0.7

0.1
0.2
0.2

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.1
0.1
0.7

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

4.831
1.358
1.939
.272
.876

127.3
128.3
116.1
127.4
125.2

127.5
127.1
117.9
128.3
123.8

-3.1
-2.7
-4.8
3.1
-3.1

0.2
-0.9
1.6
0.7
-1.1

-0.4
0.2
-0.3
-0.6
-0.6

-0.9
-1.1
-2.0
0.5
1.0

-0.3
-1.7
0.8
0.7
-1.1

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

16.999
15.653
7.843
4.983
1.914
2.493
2.476
.549
1.624
1.346

144.7
140.6
99.8
142.0
152.3
102.5
101.9
100.0
172.1
200.8

145.7
141.9
99.7
141.4
153.8
107.8
107.2
100.1
172.1
197.1

3.2
3.3
-0.2
-1.0
1.8
17.7
17.7
-1.1
2.9
2.5

0.7
0.9
-0.1
-0.4
1.0
5.2
5.2
0.1
0.0
-1.8

-0.6
-0.4
0.1
-0.1
0.9
-3.0
-3.2
-0.3
0.2
-2.9

1.2
0.9
0.3
0.1
0.9
4.1
4.3
-0.2
0.2
4.3

0.9
1.1
0.1
-0.1
1.0
5.6
5.6
0.0
0.1
-1.8

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

5.713
1.252
4.461
2.854
1.354

251.1
231.7
255.5
229.8
299.3

251.9
232.5
256.2
230.1
301.3

3.4
4.2
3.2
3.0
4.1

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.7

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.4
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.7

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

6.120
1.748

102.2
100.6

102.2
100.9

0.9
-0.3

0.0
0.3

0.0
-0.2

0.0
-0.1

0.0
0.3

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

5.478
2.694
.203
2.492
2.783

100.4
106.0
262.3
305.4
95.5

101.2
107.5
264.5
309.9
95.6

1.1
4.8
6.2
4.8
-2.3

0.8
1.4
0.8
1.5
0.1

0.0
0.3
0.4
0.3
-0.2

0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.0

0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.1

2.580
2.327

94.9
99.5

95.0
99.8

-2.8
-0.6

0.1
0.3

-0.3
0.1

0.0
-0.2

0.1
0.3

.253

30.0

29.8

-20.7

-0.7

-3.6

0.7

-0.7

.148

52.9

50.9

-28.4

-3.8

-2.2

-2.9

-3.8

4.624
1.159
3.465
.742
.973

258.3
356.0
161.1
152.0
171.4

257.6
350.1
161.4
152.3
171.9

8.2
27.9
2.7
2.6
3.2

-0.3
-1.7
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.2
0.2
0.2
1.1
-0.1

0.9
3.3
0.0
-0.4
0.3

-0.2
-1.3
0.2
0.2
0.3

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................

Miscellaneous personal services ..........

1.491

242.9

243.9

3.5

0.4

0.1

0.4

0.4

42.109
16.408
25.702
14.345
4.831

143.9
164.2
131.9
136.7
127.3

144.5
164.7
132.5
138.0
127.5

2.0
2.0
1.9
4.6
-3.1

0.4
0.3
0.5
1.0
0.2

-0.2
0.0
-0.4
-0.5
-0.4

0.4
0.2
0.5
1.0
-0.9

0.4
0.2
0.5
0.8
-0.3

9.514
11.356
57.891
29.912
.371
3.574

146.8
125.6
189.5
195.7
102.1
124.0

148.8
125.4
189.9
196.1
102.2
124.1

8.5
-1.4
2.5
2.8
3.0
0.1

1.4
-0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

-0.5
0.0
0.1
0.3
1.7
0.1

1.5
0.2
0.3
0.1
-0.1
0.6

1.8
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3

.934
.908
6.963
4.461
10.768

104.1
104.3
191.0
255.5
222.6

104.4
105.0
190.2
256.2
223.9

2.2
2.9
1.3
3.2
2.9

0.3
0.7
-0.4
0.3
0.6

0.1
0.2
-0.5
0.4
0.1

0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2
0.3

0.1
0.7
-0.4
0.3
0.3

84.578
69.717
94.287
26.688
15.331
10.500
30.753
27.979
53.429
6.294
93.706
78.284

167.2
160.1
162.0
133.4
138.7
148.2
150.6
196.5
183.4
108.7
174.3
176.9

167.7
160.6
162.5
134.0
139.9
150.0
151.5
196.9
183.8
111.3
174.5
177.1

2.3
2.0
2.2
2.0
4.5
8.0
3.2
2.2
2.4
7.2
1.9
1.9

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.9
1.2
0.6
0.2
0.2
2.4
0.1
0.1

0.0
-0.1
-0.1
-0.3
-0.4
-0.3
-0.1
0.2
0.1
-1.2
0.1
0.1

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.9
1.4
0.5
0.4
0.3
2.1
0.2
0.2

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.8
1.6
0.5
0.2
0.1
2.7
0.1
0.1

23.967
2.720
54.316
-

143.2
101.3
196.1
$ .600

143.0
106.3
196.5
$ .598

0.2
16.4
2.6
-

-0.1
4.9
0.2
-

0.0
-2.7
0.1
-

0.1
4.0
0.3
-

-0.1
5.4
0.2
-

-

$ .200

$ .200

-

-

-

-

-

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-U

3 months ended-May
1999

June
1999

July
1999

Aug.
1999

All items ...................................

166.2

166.2

166.7

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................

164.2
163.9
163.9
185.1
147.3
156.2
206.2

164.2
163.9
163.9
185.2
147.7
156.1
205.1

134.0
153.4
152.7
147.2
168.7

134.4
153.5
152.1
147.2
169.1

6 months
ended--

Nov.
1998

Feb.
1999

May
1999

Aug.
1999

Feb.
1999

Aug.
1999

167.2

1.7

1.2

3.7

2.4

1.5

3.1

164.5
164.2
164.0
185.8
147.6
155.7
204.7

164.8
164.5
164.2
184.2
148.1
156.5
206.0

2.8
2.8
2.8
1.5
-1.9
15.1
1.2

2.7
2.7
2.5
2.0
-0.8
17.5
4.5

1.0
1.0
0.5
3.3
1.4
-14.2
7.3

1.5
1.5
0.7
-1.9
2.2
0.8
-0.4

2.7
2.7
2.6
1.8
-1.3
16.3
2.8

1.2
1.2
0.6
0.7
1.8
-7.0
3.4

134.9
153.7
152.1
147.7
169.3

134.8
154.1
152.8
148.5
169.6

2.4
4.8
1.9
18.5
2.7

1.8
-1.8
0.0
-13.6
0.5

0.9
0.8
4.6
-8.5
1.9

2.4
1.8
0.3
3.6
2.2

2.1
1.5
0.9
1.2
1.6

1.7
1.3
2.4
-2.6
2.0

Expenditure category

Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

105.0
164.6
104.3
169.0

104.9
164.6
104.4
169.3

104.2
165.1
105.5
170.1

104.8
165.6
105.8
170.6

5.1
2.8
4.0
2.7

4.3
3.0
1.6
2.9

-3.4
2.0
2.3
1.7

-0.8
2.5
5.9
3.8

4.7
2.9
2.8
2.8

-2.1
2.2
4.1
2.8

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

163.3
186.6
176.9
105.0

163.6
187.0
177.1
105.6

163.8
187.1
177.5
105.8

164.1
187.5
177.9
105.5

2.8
4.0
3.8
12.8

0.7
1.3
2.8
-12.4

3.0
3.7
3.0
15.0

2.0
1.9
2.3
1.9

1.7
2.6
3.3
-0.6

2.5
2.8
2.6
8.3

192.6
100.5
127.3
111.2
87.4
118.9

192.8
102.2
127.5
111.3
88.3
119.0

193.0
102.1
128.2
112.1
90.0
119.7

193.4
102.2
128.7
112.6
92.2
120.1

3.0
2.9
-2.2
-3.2
-12.7
-2.3

2.8
0.8
-0.3
-1.1
-13.2
-0.3

2.7
1.6
0.6
0.4
19.5
-0.7

1.7
6.9
4.5
5.1
23.8
4.1

2.9
1.8
-1.2
-2.1
-12.9
-1.3

2.2
4.2
2.5
2.7
21.6
1.7

103.7
126.5
104.1

103.8
126.7
104.3

103.8
126.7
104.3

103.9
126.8
105.0

2.4
0.3
3.2

2.4
-0.6
2.0

2.7
-0.6
3.1

0.8
1.0
3.5

2.4
-0.2
2.6

1.8
0.2
3.3

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

131.9
131.9
123.9
127.6
126.1

131.4
132.2
123.5
126.8
125.4

130.2
130.8
121.0
127.4
126.6

129.8
128.6
122.0
128.3
125.2

-2.7
-1.8
-8.7
24.1
-0.3

-7.3
-1.5
-11.0
-14.1
-10.4

4.0
2.5
7.4
3.9
1.9

-6.2
-9.6
-6.0
2.2
-2.8

-5.0
-1.7
-9.9
3.2
-5.5

-1.2
-3.8
0.5
3.0
-0.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

143.9
140.0
100.0
142.7
149.6
99.9
99.3
100.6
171.5
198.4

143.0
139.4
100.1
142.6
150.9
96.9
96.1
100.3
171.8
192.6

144.7
140.7
100.4
142.7
152.3
100.9
100.2
100.1
172.2
200.8

146.0
142.3
100.5
142.6
153.8
106.6
105.8
100.1
172.3
197.1

-1.4
-0.6
0.8
-1.9
7.9
-8.5
-7.4
0.0
4.4
-9.6

-2.5
-3.7
-4.7
-0.8
-14.0
-10.8
-11.3
-2.4
2.1
12.7

11.0
11.0
0.8
-0.8
3.6
81.2
81.1
0.0
3.1
11.4

6.0
6.7
2.0
-0.3
11.7
29.6
28.9
-2.0
1.9
-2.6

-2.0
-2.2
-2.0
-1.4
-3.7
-9.7
-9.3
-1.2
3.2
0.9

8.4
8.8
1.4
-0.6
7.6
53.3
52.8
-1.0
2.5
4.2

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

249.6
229.0
254.0
228.2
297.6

250.5
229.9
254.9
229.0
298.8

251.2
231.2
255.5
229.5
299.3

252.1
232.5
256.2
230.1
301.3

2.8
4.0
2.6
2.9
2.2

3.5
2.3
3.9
2.7
5.6

3.4
4.3
3.0
3.2
3.6

4.1
6.3
3.5
3.4
5.1

3.1
3.2
3.3
2.8
3.9

3.8
5.3
3.3
3.3
4.3

Recreation (2)..............................

102.0

102.0

102.0

102.0

0.0

1.6

2.0

0.0

0.8

1.0

Video and audio (1) (2)....................

100.8

100.6

100.5

100.8

0.0

0.4

-1.6

0.0

0.2

-0.8

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

101.1
107.1
262.4
307.2
95.7

101.1
107.4
263.4
308.1
95.5

101.3
107.9
264.2
309.4
95.5

101.5
108.2
265.8
310.2
95.6

2.0
4.7
11.5
3.8
-0.4

0.8
5.9
3.5
6.2
-3.6

0.0
5.0
4.7
5.2
-4.9

1.6
4.2
5.3
4.0
-0.4

1.4
5.3
7.4
5.0
-2.0

0.8
4.6
5.0
4.6
-2.7

95.2
99.6

94.9
99.7

94.9
99.5

95.0
99.8

-0.4
2.8

-4.4
-2.7

-5.3
-3.1

-0.8
0.8

-2.4
0.0

-3.1
-1.2

30.9

29.8

30.0

29.8

-22.3

-20.8

-25.9

-13.5

-21.6

-19.9

55.7

54.5

52.9

50.9

-27.5

-31.4

-24.2

-30.3

-29.5

-27.3

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

256.2
344.1
160.7
150.9
171.0
241.6

256.8
344.9
161.1
152.6
170.9
241.9

259.0
356.3
161.1
152.0
171.4
242.9

258.4
351.5
161.4
152.3
171.9
243.9

3.6
8.1
2.3
0.8
2.4
3.6

26.7
140.7
3.6
2.7
4.1
4.4

0.9
-5.5
3.3
3.0
4.1
2.0

3.5
8.9
1.8
3.8
2.1
3.9

14.6
61.3
2.9
1.8
3.3
4.0

2.2
1.4
2.5
3.4
3.1
2.9

144.1
164.2
132.3
136.9
131.9

143.8
164.2
131.8
136.2
131.4

144.4
164.5
132.5
137.6
130.2

145.0
164.8
133.2
138.7
129.8

0.0
2.8
-1.5
-0.9
-2.7

0.8
2.7
-0.3
1.2
-7.3

4.6
1.0
6.9
13.3
4.0

2.5
1.5
2.7
5.4
-6.2

0.4
2.7
-0.9
0.2
-5.0

3.5
1.2
4.8
9.2
-1.2

144.6
125.7
188.3
194.4
100.5
118.9

143.9
125.7
188.5
194.9
102.2
119.0

146.1
125.9
189.0
195.1
102.1
119.7

148.8
125.9
189.3
195.5
102.2
120.1

-0.6
-0.9
2.6
4.1
2.9
-2.3

5.4
-4.3
1.9
1.3
0.8
-0.3

18.1
-0.9
3.0
3.6
1.6
-0.7

12.1
0.6
2.1
2.3
6.9
4.1

2.3
-2.6
2.3
2.6
1.8
-1.3

15.1
-0.2
2.6
2.9
4.2
1.7

103.7
104.1
190.4
254.0
222.7

103.8
104.3
189.5
254.9
223.0

103.8
104.3
191.4
255.5
223.6

103.9
105.0
190.7
256.2
224.2

2.4
3.2
-1.1
2.6
3.0

2.4
2.0
2.8
3.9
3.1

2.7
3.1
2.8
3.0
2.6

0.8
3.5
0.6
3.5
2.7

2.4
2.6
0.9
3.3
3.1

1.8
3.3
1.7
3.3
2.6

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes

All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............

166.5
159.8
161.4
133.9
138.9
146.0
150.6
195.1
182.2
105.1
174.3
176.9

166.5
159.6
161.3
133.5
138.3
145.6
150.5
195.4
182.4
103.8
174.4
177.0

167.0
160.3
161.8
134.1
139.5
147.6
151.3
196.1
183.0
106.0
174.7
177.3

167.5
160.7
162.3
134.8
140.6
150.0
152.1
196.5
183.2
108.9
174.9
177.5

1.5
0.8
1.5
-1.5
-0.3
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.3
-5.4
2.1
1.8

1.2
1.5
1.3
-0.3
0.6
4.7
1.9
2.1
2.0
-5.1
1.9
1.8

4.2
3.6
3.8
6.9
13.1
16.6
6.6
2.7
2.9
28.1
2.3
2.5

2.4
2.3
2.2
2.7
5.0
11.4
4.0
2.9
2.2
15.3
1.4
1.4

1.3
1.1
1.4
-0.9
0.1
2.3
1.2
1.6
2.1
-5.2
2.0
1.8

3.3
2.9
3.0
4.8
9.0
14.0
5.3
2.8
2.6
21.5
1.9
1.9

144.0
98.8
195.4

144.0
96.1
195.6

144.1
99.9
196.1

143.9
105.3
196.4

-0.3
-9.0
3.0

0.8
-11.3
2.1

0.6
75.8
3.3

-0.3
29.0
2.1

0.3
-10.1
2.5

0.1
50.6
2.7

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-U

U.S. city average ...........................
Region and area size(2)

Pricing
schedule
(1)

M

Indexes

Percent change to
Aug.1999 from--

May
1999

June
1999

July
1999

Aug.
1999

166.2

166.2

166.7

167.1

Percent change to
July1999 from--

Aug.
1998

June
1999

July
1999

July
1998

May
1999

June
1999

2.3

0.5

0.2

2.1

0.3

0.3

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

172.8
173.6
103.9

173.1
174.1
103.8

173.4
174.5
103.9

174.1
175.1
104.3

2.1
2.2
2.1

0.6
0.6
0.5

0.4
0.3
0.4

2.1
2.2
1.9

0.3
0.5
0.0

0.2
0.2
0.1

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

162.2
163.6
103.7

162.5
164.1
103.7

162.9
164.6
103.9

163.2
164.8
104.2

2.3
2.4
2.2

0.4
0.4
0.5

0.2
0.1
0.3

1.9
2.1
1.7

0.4
0.6
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.2

M

156.5

156.9

157.2

157.7

2.9

0.5

0.3

2.4

0.4

0.2

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

161.6
160.5
104.1

161.7
160.9
104.1

162.2
161.4
104.3

162.6
161.9
104.4

1.9
1.9
1.9

0.6
0.6
0.3

0.2
0.3
0.1

1.8
1.8
1.9

0.4
0.6
0.2

0.3
0.3
0.2

M

162.1

162.0

162.6

163.7

2.2

1.0

0.7

1.6

0.3

0.4

West urban ..................................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M
M

168.7
169.8
104.8

168.3
169.3
104.5

168.9
169.9
104.9

169.5
170.5
105.2

2.9
3.0
2.6

0.7
0.7
0.7

0.4
0.4
0.3

2.8
2.9
2.5

0.1
0.1
0.1

0.4
0.4
0.4

M
M
M

150.5
104.1
161.9

150.7
104.0
162.0

151.1
104.2
162.4

151.6
104.5
163.1

2.4
2.1
2.3

0.6
0.5
0.7

0.3
0.3
0.4

2.3
1.9
1.9

0.4
0.1
0.3

0.3
0.2
0.2

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

168.2
166.2

168.9
165.4

169.4
165.8

169.3
166.3

2.4
2.3

0.2
0.5

-0.1
0.3

1.7
2.3

0.7
-0.2

0.3
0.2

M

176.1

176.8

177.2

177.6

2.0

0.5

0.2

2.1

0.6

0.2

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

174.2
161.5
157.2
103.6

-

175.3
162.8
158.3
104.6

-

-

-

-

2.7
1.8
2.7
1.8

0.6
0.8
0.7
1.0

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................

2
2
2
2

-

164.8
163.8
148.3
161.3

-

165.9
164.2
148.9
162.3

2.5
2.3
1.0
0.9

0.7
0.2
0.4
0.6

-

-

-

-

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2

-

172.1
171.8
172.7

-

173.1
173.5
173.4

2.7
4.1
2.9

0.6
1.0
0.4

-

-

-

-

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
1998

Unadjusted
Unadjusted indexes percent change to
Aug. 1999 fromJuly
1999

Aug.
1999

Aug.
1998

July
1999

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMay to June to July to
June
July
Aug.

Expenditure category
All items ...................................
All items (1967=100) ........................

100.000
-

163.3
486.3

163.8
487.8

2.4
-

0.3
-

0.0
-

0.4
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................

18.011
16.966
10.832
1.689
3.055
1.193
1.492

163.4
163.0
162.5
186.1
146.8
155.3
201.0

163.9
163.5
162.9
184.8
148.2
156.0
201.2

2.0
1.9
1.6
1.3
0.2
3.9
3.2

0.3
0.3
0.2
-0.7
1.0
0.5
0.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.5
-0.1
-0.4

0.2
0.1
0.0
0.3
-0.2
-0.3
0.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
-0.8
0.3
0.5
0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

1.184
2.220
.420
.354
1.446
.355
6.133
.216
1.045

133.1
153.0
152.0
147.8
169.2
103.9
164.9
105.3
169.1

133.2
153.5
152.6
148.3
169.7
104.4
165.5
105.8
169.2

1.9
1.3
1.5
-0.7
1.7
0.9
2.5
3.5
2.8

0.1
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.5
0.1

0.3
0.0
-0.5
0.1
0.2
-0.3
-0.1
0.3
0.4

0.4
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1
-0.5
0.3
0.8
0.4

-0.1
0.3
0.6
0.6
0.2
0.5
0.4
0.5
0.2

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......
Household operations (1) (2)..............

36.685
27.496
8.500
1.379

160.7
182.0
177.1
116.7

161.0
182.4
177.5
116.8

2.1
2.7
3.0
3.5

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.2
0.2
0.2
-0.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
-0.3

17.296
.320
4.850
3.928
.201
3.727

175.7
102.2
131.1
115.7
87.6
123.6

176.1
102.3
131.4
115.9
89.3
123.7

2.5
2.9
0.6
0.3
2.6
0.1

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
1.9
0.1

0.1
1.4
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.1

0.2
-0.1
0.6
0.6
1.5
0.6

0.1
0.1
0.4
0.4
2.4
0.3

.922
4.339
.402

104.2
124.9
104.8

104.4
124.7
105.4

2.2
-0.4
3.1

0.2
-0.2
0.6

0.2
0.1
0.3

0.0
0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0
0.6

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

5.199
1.474
1.948
.344
1.057

126.4
128.6
114.4
128.4
125.8

126.4
127.2
116.0
129.6
124.4

-2.7
-2.1
-4.4
3.7
-3.1

0.0
-1.1
1.4
0.9
-1.1

-0.5
0.2
-0.5
-0.7
-0.7

-0.7
-1.0
-2.1
0.3
1.2

-0.5
-1.8
0.7
0.9
-1.3

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

19.166
18.109
9.250
5.224
3.216
3.066
3.045
.682
1.690
1.056

143.7
140.9
100.1
143.2
153.7
102.6
102.1
99.5
173.5
195.7

145.0
142.4
100.2
142.6
155.2
107.8
107.3
99.6
173.5
192.5

3.4
3.5
0.0
-1.0
1.8
17.6
17.7
-0.9
3.0
1.9

0.9
1.1
0.1
-0.4
1.0
5.1
5.1
0.1
0.0
-1.6

-0.5
-0.4
0.3
0.1
0.9
-2.8
-2.8
-0.3
0.2
-2.5

1.2
1.0
0.4
-0.1
1.0
4.2
4.2
-0.3
0.2
3.5

1.0
1.3
0.3
0.1
1.0
5.4
5.6
0.2
0.0
-1.6

Medical care ...............................

4.672

250.3

251.0

3.4

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.2

Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

.926
3.746
2.415
1.114

227.8
255.3
231.4
295.3

228.4
256.0
231.7
297.3

3.9
3.2
3.1
4.1

0.3
0.3
0.1
0.7

0.3
0.4
0.4
0.3

0.6
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.5
0.2
0.1
0.7

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

5.925
1.951

101.6
100.4

101.5
100.7

0.4
-0.4

-0.1
0.3

0.1
-0.1

0.0
-0.1

-0.1
0.3

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

5.361
2.478
.200
2.278
2.883

100.8
106.3
265.0
300.2
96.3

101.5
107.7
267.2
304.1
96.5

1.2
5.0
6.3
4.9
-1.9

0.7
1.3
0.8
1.3
0.2

0.1
0.4
0.4
0.4
-0.1

0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
-0.1

0.1
0.1
0.6
0.1
0.2

2.733
2.519

96.0
99.7

96.1
99.9

-2.2
-0.6

0.1
0.2

-0.2
0.1

0.0
-0.2

0.1
0.2

.213

31.1

30.8

-20.8

-1.0

-3.1

1.0

-1.0

.120

52.5

50.6

-28.9

-3.6

-2.0

-2.8

-3.6

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................
Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

4.981
1.694
3.287
.838
.975
1.253

262.0
356.6
161.3
152.7
171.8
243.2

260.7
350.6
161.6
153.1
172.2
243.8

10.4
28.1
2.8
2.3
3.1
3.8

-0.5
-1.7
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

0.3
0.3
0.3
1.1
-0.1
0.2

1.2
3.4
0.0
-0.4
0.4
0.3

-0.4
-1.4
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

46.764
18.011
28.753
15.564
5.199

144.2
163.4
132.7
137.5
126.4

144.8
163.9
133.4
138.8
126.4

2.3
2.0
2.6
5.7
-2.7

0.4
0.3
0.5
0.9
0.0

-0.2
0.1
-0.3
-0.6
-0.5

0.5
0.2
0.7
1.3
-0.7

0.4
0.2
0.5
0.9
-0.5

10.365
13.189
53.236
27.175
.320
3.727

148.1
125.7
185.9
175.3
102.2
123.6

150.2
125.7
186.3
175.6
102.3
123.7

10.0
-1.0
2.4
2.7
2.9
0.1

1.4
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

-0.3
0.1
0.1
0.2
1.4
0.1

1.7
0.2
0.3
0.1
-0.1
0.6

2.0
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.3

.922
.402

104.2
104.8

104.4
105.4

2.2
3.1

0.2
0.6

0.2
0.3

0.0
0.0

0.1
0.6

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................

Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................

6.800
3.746
10.144

188.0
255.3
219.2

187.4
256.0
220.3

1.2
3.2
2.8

-0.3
0.3
0.5

-0.2
0.4
0.2

0.7
0.2
0.2

-0.3
0.2
0.2

83.034
72.504
95.328
29.798
16.609
11.410
33.575
26.061
49.490
6.994
93.006
76.040

163.2
158.0
159.2
134.2
139.4
149.3
150.8
174.7
180.1
108.4
170.9
172.9

163.7
158.6
159.7
134.8
140.7
151.2
151.7
175.0
180.4
111.1
171.1
173.1

2.4
2.3
2.3
2.6
5.6
9.3
3.7
2.0
2.3
8.0
2.0
1.9

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.9
1.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
2.5
0.1
0.1

0.0
-0.1
0.0
-0.2
-0.5
-0.3
0.0
0.2
0.1
-1.2
0.1
0.1

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.6
1.2
1.6
0.6
0.3
0.3
2.3
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.7
0.6
0.3
0.2
2.8
0.1
0.1

26.531
3.267
49.509
-

143.5
101.8
192.8
$ .613

143.3
106.8
193.2
$ .611

0.8
16.7
2.5
-

-0.1
4.9
0.2
-

0.1
-2.6
0.2
-

0.1
4.1
0.3
-

-0.1
5.3
0.1
-

-

$ .206

$ .205

-

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar .....
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar - old
base ....................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city
average, by expenditure category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent
change for

CPI-W

3 months ended-May
1999

June
1999

July
1999

Aug.
1999

All items ...................................

162.7

162.7

163.3

Food and beverages .........................
Food ......................................
Food at home .............................
Cereals and bakery products .............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........
Dairy and related products (1)...........
Fruits and vegetables ...................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage
materials ...........................
Other food at home ......................
Sugar and sweets .......................
Fats and oils ..........................
Other foods ............................
Other miscellaneous foods (1) (2)......
Food away from home (1)...................
Other food away from home (1) (2)........
Alcoholic beverages .......................

163.4
163.0
162.6
184.8
146.8
155.8
204.9

163.5
163.1
162.8
185.0
147.5
155.7
204.1

132.9
152.6
152.4
147.0
168.5
104.7
164.5
104.2
168.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ...................................
Rent of primary residence (3).............
Lodging away from home (2) (3)............
Owners' equivalent rent of primary
residence (3) (4).....................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)..
Fuels and utilities .......................
Fuels ....................................
Fuel oil and other fuels ................
Gas (piped) and electricity (3)..........
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)..........................
Household furnishings and operations ......

6 months
ended--

Nov.
1998

Feb.
1999

May
1999

Aug.
1999

Feb.
1999

Aug.
1999

163.7

1.8

1.5

3.5

2.5

1.6

3.0

163.8
163.3
162.8
185.5
147.2
155.3
204.0

164.1
163.7
163.1
184.0
147.6
156.0
205.4

2.8
2.8
2.8
1.5
-1.6
15.2
2.0

2.5
2.5
2.5
1.8
-0.5
18.4
4.1

0.7
0.7
0.0
3.3
0.8
-14.9
5.7

1.7
1.7
1.2
-1.7
2.2
0.5
1.0

2.6
2.6
2.6
1.7
-1.1
16.8
3.0

1.2
1.2
0.6
0.8
1.5
-7.5
3.3

133.3
152.6
151.7
147.1
168.8
104.4
164.4
104.5
168.7

133.8
152.8
151.7
147.2
169.0
103.9
164.9
105.3
169.3

133.6
153.3
152.6
148.1
169.4
104.4
165.5
105.8
169.6

2.8
4.8
1.6
18.0
2.7
5.5
3.0
4.8
2.7

1.8
-1.8
0.0
-13.2
0.5
3.9
3.0
1.2
3.7

1.2
0.5
4.0
-8.0
1.7
-4.5
1.7
1.9
1.4

2.1
1.8
0.5
3.0
2.2
-1.1
2.5
6.3
3.6

2.3
1.5
0.8
1.2
1.6
4.7
3.0
3.0
3.2

1.7
1.2
2.3
-2.6
1.9
-2.8
2.1
4.1
2.5

159.4
181.2
176.6
104.7

159.6
181.5
176.9
105.0

159.9
181.8
177.3
104.9

160.1
181.9
177.5
104.6

2.6
4.1
3.8
15.9

1.3
1.8
3.0
-12.4

2.5
3.4
3.0
13.7

1.8
1.6
2.1
-0.4

1.9
3.0
3.4
0.8

2.2
2.5
2.5
6.4

175.4
100.9
127.0
110.6
87.8
118.2

175.6
102.3
127.1
110.7
88.8
118.3

175.9
102.2
127.8
111.4
90.1
119.0

176.1
102.3
128.3
111.9
92.3
119.4

3.1
3.7
-1.6
-2.8
-12.3
-2.0

2.6
0.4
-0.9
-1.4
-13.1
-1.0

2.8
2.0
1.0
0.7
18.8
-0.3

1.6
5.7
4.2
4.8
22.1
4.1

2.8
2.0
-1.3
-2.1
-12.7
-1.5

2.2
3.8
2.5
2.7
20.5
1.9

103.7
124.5

103.9
124.6

103.9
124.7

104.0
124.7

2.8
0.0

2.4
-1.3

2.3
-1.0

1.2
0.6

2.6
-0.6

1.8
-0.2

Expenditure category

Household operations (1) (2)..............

104.5

104.8

104.8

105.4

3.6

2.7

2.7

3.5

3.2

3.1

Apparel ....................................
Men's and boys' apparel ...................
Women's and girls' apparel ................
Infants' and toddlers' apparel (1).........
Footwear ..................................

130.6
132.1
122.0
128.9
126.7

130.0
132.4
121.4
128.0
125.8

129.1
131.1
118.9
128.4
127.3

128.4
128.8
119.7
129.6
125.6

0.0
0.0
-3.5
27.0
-0.6

-7.6
-1.2
-12.3
-15.6
-9.8

3.8
3.1
6.8
5.5
1.6

-6.6
-9.6
-7.3
2.2
-3.4

-3.9
-0.6
-8.0
3.6
-5.3

-1.5
-3.5
-0.5
3.8
-0.9

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ....................
New and used motor vehicles (2)...........
New vehicles ............................
Used cars and trucks (1).................
Motor fuel ...............................
Gasoline (all types) ....................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment ........
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .....
Public transportation (1)..................

142.6
139.9
99.9
143.7
150.9
99.7
99.1
100.1
172.9
193.9

141.9
139.4
100.2
143.8
152.2
96.9
96.3
99.8
173.3
189.0

143.6
140.8
100.6
143.7
153.7
101.0
100.3
99.5
173.7
195.7

145.1
142.6
100.9
143.8
155.2
106.5
105.9
99.7
173.7
192.5

-0.9
-0.3
2.0
-1.4
7.6
-8.1
-7.8
0.0
4.8
-9.6

-3.9
-4.8
-6.2
-1.4
-13.7
-11.6
-11.3
-1.6
2.4
11.1

11.7
12.0
0.8
-1.1
3.5
80.6
79.6
-0.4
3.1
10.5

7.2
7.9
4.1
0.3
11.9
30.2
30.4
-1.6
1.9
-2.9

-2.4
-2.6
-2.2
-1.4
-3.6
-9.9
-9.5
-0.8
3.6
0.2

9.4
9.9
2.4
-0.4
7.6
53.4
53.1
-1.0
2.5
3.6

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities ..................
Medical care services .....................
Professional services (3).................
Hospital and related services (3).........

248.7
225.3
253.8
229.8
293.6

249.6
226.0
254.7
230.7
294.5

250.3
227.3
255.3
231.2
295.3

250.9
228.4
255.8
231.5
297.3

2.8
3.3
2.6
3.1
2.3

3.0
2.2
3.2
2.9
5.8

3.8
4.2
3.7
3.2
3.3

3.6
5.6
3.2
3.0
5.1

2.9
2.7
2.9
3.0
4.0

3.7
4.9
3.4
3.1
4.2

Recreation (2)..............................
Video and audio (1) (2)....................

101.3
100.5

101.4
100.4

101.4
100.3

101.3
100.6

-0.4
0.4

1.2
-0.4

1.2
-2.0

0.0
0.4

0.4
0.0

0.6
-0.8

Education and communication (2).............
Education (2)..............................
Educational books and supplies ...........
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare
Communication (1) (2)......................
Information and information processing (1)
(2)...................................
Telephone services (1) (2)...............
Information and information processing
other than telephone services (1) (5)
Personal computers and peripheral
equipment (1) (2)...................

101.3
107.3
265.1
301.5
96.5

101.4
107.7
266.1
302.8
96.4

101.6
108.2
266.9
304.1
96.3

101.7
108.3
268.6
304.4
96.5

2.4
4.3
11.4
4.1
0.4

1.2
6.3
4.2
6.6
-3.2

-0.4
5.4
4.7
5.1
-4.8

1.6
3.8
5.4
3.9
0.0

1.8
5.3
7.7
5.3
-1.4

0.6
4.6
5.0
4.5
-2.4

96.2
99.8

96.0
99.9

96.0
99.7

96.1
99.9

0.4
2.8

-4.0
-2.7

-4.8
-2.8

-0.4
0.4

-1.8
0.0

-2.7
-1.2

31.8

30.8

31.1

30.8

-21.6

-22.0

-27.0

-12.0

-21.8

-19.8

55.1

54.0

52.5

50.6

-29.2

-32.0

-25.5

-28.9

-30.6

-27.2

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products ..............
Personal care (1)..........................
Personal care products (1)................

258.6
344.2
160.8
151.6

259.4
345.2
161.3
153.3

262.4
357.0
161.3
152.7

261.4
352.0
161.6
153.1

4.1
7.9
2.3
0.5

36.8
141.8
3.8
2.7

-0.2
-5.7
3.0
2.1

4.4
9.4
2.0
4.0

19.4
61.6
3.1
1.6

2.1
1.6
2.5
3.1

Personal care services (1)................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........

171.4
241.8

171.2
242.4

171.8
243.2

172.2
243.8

2.4
4.5

3.9
5.2

4.3
2.3

1.9
3.3

3.1
4.8

3.1
2.8

144.2
163.4
132.6
137.3
130.6

143.9
163.5
132.2
136.5
130.0

144.6
163.8
133.1
138.3
129.1

145.2
164.1
133.8
139.6
128.4

0.8
2.8
-0.6
-0.6
0.0

0.8
2.5
0.0
2.1
-7.6

4.9
0.7
7.2
14.9
3.8

2.8
1.7
3.7
6.9
-6.6

0.8
2.6
-0.3
0.8
-3.9

3.8
1.2
5.4
10.8
-1.5

145.3
125.5
184.8
174.4
100.9
118.2

144.8
125.6
185.0
174.7
102.3
118.3

147.3
125.8
185.6
174.9
102.2
119.0

150.2
126.0
185.7
175.3
102.3
119.4

-0.9
-0.3
2.7
4.0
3.7
-2.0

8.5
-4.6
2.0
1.9
0.4
-1.0

19.1
-1.0
2.9
3.0
2.0
-0.3

14.2
1.6
2.0
2.1
5.7
4.1

3.7
-2.5
2.3
3.0
2.0
-1.5

16.6
0.3
2.4
2.6
3.8
1.9

103.7
104.5
187.5
253.8
219.1

103.9
104.8
187.1
254.7
219.6

103.9
104.8
188.5
255.3
220.1

104.0
105.4
188.0
255.8
220.5

2.8
3.6
-0.6
2.6
3.2

2.4
2.7
2.2
3.2
2.8

2.3
2.7
2.2
3.7
2.4

1.2
3.5
1.1
3.2
2.6

2.6
3.2
0.8
2.9
3.0

1.8
3.1
1.6
3.4
2.5

162.3
157.5
158.6
134.2
139.2
146.7
150.5
173.3
179.0
104.6
170.8
172.9

162.3
157.4
158.6
133.9
138.5
146.3
150.5
173.6
179.2
103.3
171.0
173.1

163.0
158.1
159.2
134.7
140.1
148.6
151.4
174.2
179.7
105.7
171.3
173.5

163.4
158.6
159.6
135.5
141.4
151.2
152.3
174.7
180.0
108.7
171.4
173.6

1.5
0.8
1.8
-0.6
0.3
-0.3
0.8
0.9
2.5
-5.1
2.4
2.4

1.3
1.3
1.3
0.0
1.8
7.7
2.5
1.6
1.8
-6.3
2.1
1.9

4.3
3.9
3.6
7.2
14.4
17.8
6.9
2.3
2.7
31.4
1.7
1.9

2.7
2.8
2.5
3.9
6.5
12.8
4.9
3.3
2.3
16.6
1.4
1.6

1.4
1.0
1.5
-0.3
1.0
3.6
1.6
1.3
2.2
-5.7
2.3
2.1

3.5
3.4
3.1
5.5
10.4
15.3
5.9
2.8
2.5
23.8
1.5
1.8

144.0
99.0
192.4

144.1
96.4
192.7

144.3
100.4
193.2

144.1
105.7
193.4

0.8
-8.5
3.0

1.4
-11.6
2.1

0.3
76.4
3.0

0.3
29.9
2.1

1.1
-10.1
2.6

0.3
51.4
2.5

Commodity and service group
Commodities .................................
Food and beverages .........................
Commodities less food and beverages ........
Nondurables less food and beverages .......
Apparel ..................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and
apparel ..............................
Durables ..................................
Services ....................................
Rent of shelter (4).........................
Tenants' and household insurance (1) (2)....
Gas (piped) and electricity (3).............
Water and sewer and trash collection
services (2)............................
Household operations (1) (2)................
Transportation services ....................
Medical care services ......................
Other services .............................
Special indexes
All items less food .........................
All items less shelter ......................
All items less medical care .................
Commodities less food .......................
Nondurables less food .......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ...........
Nondurables .................................
Services less rent of shelter (4)............
Services less medical care services .........
Energy ......................................
All items less energy .......................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ...........................
Energy commodities .......................
Services less energy services .............
1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

3 This index series was
geometric means estimator
4 Indexes on a December
5 Indexes on a December
NOTE: Index applies to a

calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a
in January, 1999.
1984=100 base
1988=100 base.
month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-W

Pricing
schedule
(1)

Indexes

Percent change to
Aug.1999 from--

May
1999

June
1999

July
1999

Aug.
1999

M

162.8

162.8

163.3

Northeast urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)..........

M
M
M

169.7
169.4
103.5

170.0
169.9
103.4

Midwest urban ...............................
Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

158.3
158.9
103.4

M

U.S. city average ...........................

Percent change to
July1999 from--

Aug.
1998

June
1999

July
1999

July
1998

May
1999

June
1999

163.8

2.4

0.6

0.3

2.2

0.3

0.3

170.2
170.3
103.4

170.9
171.0
103.8

2.3
2.3
2.1

0.5
0.6
0.4

0.4
0.4
0.4

2.2
2.3
1.9

0.3
0.5
-0.1

0.1
0.2
0.0

158.5
159.3
103.4

159.1
159.9
103.8

159.4
160.2
104.0

2.4
2.4
2.3

0.6
0.6
0.6

0.2
0.2
0.2

2.1
2.2
1.9

0.5
0.6
0.4

0.4
0.4
0.4

154.4

154.9

155.4

156.1

3.1

0.8

0.5

2.4

0.6

0.3

Region and area size(2)

South urban .................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3)........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................

M
M
M

159.7
158.1
103.7

159.7
158.4
103.6

160.1
158.9
103.9

160.6
159.5
104.0

2.0
2.0
1.9

0.6
0.7
0.4

0.3
0.4
0.1

1.8
1.8
2.0

0.3
0.5
0.2

0.3
0.3
0.3

M

162.6

162.3

163.0

164.1

2.2

1.1

0.7

1.6

0.2

0.4

West urban ..................................

M

164.7

164.2

164.7

165.3

2.9

0.7

0.4

2.7

0.0

0.3

Size A
- More than 1,500,000 ............
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 (3).........

M
M

164.0
104.7

163.5
104.3

164.0
104.7

164.7
105.1

3.1
2.7

0.7
0.8

0.4
0.4

3.0
2.5

0.0
0.0

0.3
0.4

M
M
M

149.0
103.8
160.8

149.2
103.6
160.9

149.6
103.9
161.3

150.1
104.1
162.1

2.5
2.2
2.4

0.6
0.5
0.7

0.3
0.2
0.5

2.3
2.0
1.9

0.4
0.1
0.3

0.3
0.3
0.2

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ..............
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA .....
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .............................

M
M

162.3
159.7

163.0
158.9

163.4
159.2

163.5
159.8

2.4
2.4

0.3
0.6

0.1
0.4

1.7
2.1

0.7
-0.3

0.2
0.2

M

171.5

172.1

172.5

173.2

2.1

0.6

0.4

2.0

0.6

0.2

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .........
Cleveland-Akron, OH .........................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .......................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (6)........

1
1
1
1

172.6
153.7
157.0
103.4

-

173.3
154.9
158.0
104.3

-

-

-

-

2.7
1.8
2.6
1.8

0.4
0.8
0.6
0.9

-

Atlanta, GA .................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI .................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ..............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ...................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD .............................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ..........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ................

2
2
2
2

-

161.9
158.3
147.1
158.9

-

163.2
158.7
147.9
160.0

2.6
2.3
1.2
1.3

0.8
0.3
0.5
0.7

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

171.9
168.3
168.0

-

172.6
170.0
168.8

2.8
4.5
3.1

0.4
1.0
0.5

-

-

-

-

Size classes
A (4)......................................
B/C (3)....................................
D .........................................
Selected local areas(5)

1 Areas on pricing schedule 2 (see Table 10) will appear next month.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the
January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley,
CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem,
OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.