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FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
USDL-97-322
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 606-6994
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902
Tuesday, September 16, 1997
INTERNET ADDRESS:
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

AUGUST 1997

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose
0.2 percent before seasonal adjustment in August to a level of 160.8 (198284=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today. For the 12-month period ended in August, the CPI-U
increased 2.2 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers
(CPI-W) also rose 0.2 percent in August, prior to seasonal adjustment.
The August 1997 CPI-W level of 157.8 was 2.1 percent higher than the index
in August 1996.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.2 percent in August,
the same as in July. The food index increased 0.4 percent in August.
Grocery store food prices, which rose 0.3 percent in July, increased 0.6
percent in August, reflecting a larger increase in prices for fresh fruits
and vegetables. The energy index, which had exerted a moderating effect
on the CPI-U throughout most of 1997, increased 1.7 percent in August.
The index for petroleum-based energy rose 4.3 percent, while the index for
energy services fell 0.8 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U
rose 0.1 percent, following an increase of 0.2 percent in July. The
smaller advance in August reflects declines in the indexes for apparel and
upkeep and for airline fares.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1997
3-mos. ended ended
Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
Aug.'97
Aug.'97

All Items
.3
Food and beverages .3
Housing
.3
Apparel and upkeep .2
Transportation
-.1
Medical care
.2
Entertainment
.2
Other goods
and services
.5
Special Indexes:
Energy
.3
Food
.3
All items less
food and energy
.2

.1
.0
.0
-.3
.1
.4
.2

.1
-.2
.2
.9
-.4
.3
.1

.1
.4
.1
.1
-.8
.3
.2

.1
.2
.3
-.2
-.3
.2
.5

.5

.8

.2

.2

.3

-1.7 -1.5 -2.4
.0 -.2
.4

.0
.2
.1

.2

.3

.2

.2
.2
.3
.4
.2
.1
.2 -1.0
.1
.6
.0
.2
.1
.2

2.0
3.9
2.1
-4.1
1.7
1.7
3.2

2.2
2.5
2.3
1.5
.7
2.6
2.4

.6

4.3

4.3

-.1
.3

1.7
.4

6.4
3.9

.8
2.5

.2

.1

1.4

2.3

For the first eight months of 1997, the CPI-U advanced at a 1.6
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an
increase of 3.3 percent in all of 1996. The energy and food components
have
been largely responsible for the moderation thus far in 1997. The
energy index has declined at a 4.6 percent SAAR, while food prices have
risen at a 1.8 percent annual rate. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U
has risen at a 2.2 percent SAAR in the first eight months of 1997,
following a 2.6 percent increase in all of 1996.
The food and beverage index rose 0.4 percent in August. The index
for grocery store food prices, which rose 0.3 percent in July, increased
0.6 percent in August. The index for fresh fruits and vegetables rose 4.0
percent in August, following an increase of 0.9 percent in July. The
index for processed fruits and vegetables rose 0.3 percent in August.
Advances in the indexes for dairy products and for cereal and bakery
products also contributed to the larger increase in August. The 0.1
percent rise in the index for dairy products followed a 0.6 percent
decrease in July and was the first advance in this component since October
1996. During this nine-month period, dairy product prices fell 4.0
percent. The index for cereal and bakery products, which rose 0.1 percent
in July, increased 0.2 percent in August. Acceleration in these grocery
store food groups was partially offset by the deceleration in the indexes
for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs and for other food at home, both of
which rose 0.1 percent in August. Within the former group, poultry prices
fell 1.5 percent, and the indexes for beef and for pork were virtually
unchanged. The moderation in the index for other food at home reflects a
decline in prices for sugar and sweets and a notably smaller increase in
coffee prices, which rose 0.6 percent in August following increases
totaling 23.5 percent in the preceding five months. The other two
components of the food and beverage index--restaurant meals and alcoholic

beverages--increased 0.2 and 0.3 percent, respectively.
The housing component rose 0.1 percent in August after increasing 0.2
percent in July. Shelter costs rose 0.2 percent. Within shelter,
renters' costs increased 0.2 percent; homeowners' costs, 0.3 percent; and
maintenance and repair costs, 0.1 percent. The index for fuel and other
utilities, which rose 0.2 percent in July, declined 0.5 percent in August.
The index for household fuels declined 0.8 percent, reflecting price
decreases for fuel oil, natural gas, and electricity. A 0.2 percent
decline in the index for other utilities and public services was
attributable to a decline in the index for telephone services; charges for
interstate toll calls fell 5.0 percent in August. The index for household
furnishings and operation, which declined 0.2 percent in July, fell 0.3
percent in August.
The transportation component, which rose 0.1 percent in July,
increased 0.6 percent in August. A sharp upturn in gasoline prices more
than offset declines in the costs of public transportation and of new
vehicle purchase. The index for gasoline, which had declined in each of
the preceding five months, rose 5.4 percent in August. New vehicle
purchase costs declined in August; the index for new vehicle prices
decreased 0.1 percent and automobile finance charges dropped 1.0 percent.
(Prior to seasonal adjustment, new vehicle prices declined 0.5 percent.)
The index for used cars declined 0.8 percent. Public transportation costs
turned down in August. The index for airline fares, which rose 2.3
percent in July, declined 4.7 percent in August.
The index for apparel and upkeep declined 1.0 percent in August,
reflecting the somewhat slower introduction of higher-priced fall-winter
wear this August than in recent years. (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
apparel commodity prices fell 0.2 percent, reflecting seasonal price
declines for spring-summer wear.)
Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in August to a level 2.6 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--decreased 0.1 percent.
The index for medical care services rose 0.3 percent. Charges for
professional services and for hospital and related services increased 0.3
and 0.2 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs, which increased 0.1 percent in July, rose 0.2
percent in August. Increases in the indexes for reading materials and for
admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting events--up 0.9 and
1.3 percent, respectively--more than offset declines in the indexes for
club memberships and for fees for participant sports.

The index for other goods and services rose 0.6 percent in August,
following an increase of 0.3 percent in July. Advances of 0.7 percent
each in the indexes for tuition and other school fees, for school books
and supplies, and for tobacco and smoking products, coupled with a 1.6
percent rise in legal fees, accounted for the August rise.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.2 percent in August.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1997
3-mos. ended ended
Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
Aug. '97 Aug. '97
All Items
.2
.1
.0
.0
.1
.2
.2
2.1
2.1
Food and beverages .2
.1 -.2
.4
.2
.3
.4
3.6
2.5
Housing
.2
.1
.1
.1
.3
.2
.0
1.8
2.3
Apparel and upkeep .4
-.3 1.0
.2 -.3
.2 -1.0
-4.1
1.5
Transportation
.0
-.1 -.6 -1.0 -.4
.1
.7
1.7
.5
Medical care
.2
.3
.3
.3
.2
.1
.2
1.7
2.7
Entertainment
.1
.1
.1
.1
.5
.1
.4
4.1
2.3
Other goods
and services
.4
.5 1.0
.1
.0
.3
.5
2.9
4.3
Special Indexes:
Energy
.3 -1.8 -1.9 -2.4
0 -.2 2.0
7.6
1.0
Food
.3
.1 -.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
3.6
2.4
All items less
food and energy
.2
.2
.3
.2
.1
.2
.0
1.0
2.2

After seasonal adjustment, the level of the CPI-U for All Items was
160.9 in August; the seasonally
adjusted CPI-W for All Items was
157.8.
Beginning with January 1997 data, BLS is reporting the level of the
seasonally adjusted U.S. City Average All Items CPI-U and CPI-W in this
monthly news release. Effective with the release of January 1998 data in
February 1998, the seasonally adjusted All Items indexes will be fully
integrated into the releases, appearing in tables 2 and 5 and in the text

where relevant. Like other seasonally adjusted CPI data, the All Items
index levels are subject to revision for up to five years after their
original release. For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these
data in escalation agreements.
Consumer Price Index data for September are scheduled for release on
Thursday, October 16, 1997, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Effective with the release of data for January 1998, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics (BLS) will introduce an improved quality adjustment
technique in the new stratum of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) called
Personal Computers and Peripheral Equipment.
Currently, personal computers are part of the Information Processing
Equipment stratum. As previously announced, beginning with the CPI for
January 1998, Information Processing Equipment will become an
expenditure class entitled Information and Information Processing Other
Than Telephone Services. Personal Computers and Peripheral Equipment
will be one of four strata in that expenditure class.
Analysts in the Producer Price Index (PPI) program have developed
and implemented a regression procedure, called a hedonic model, that
decomposes the price of personal computers into implicit prices for each
important feature and component of the computer. This model, which has
been used in the PPI since 1991, provides a way to estimate the value of
changes or improvements. The CPI has used similar hedonic methods to
adjust apparel prices for many years.
Starting with the CPI for January 1998, when a personal computer or
selected item of peripheral equipment, such as a modem, in the CPI
sample improves in some way, a regression-based quality adjustment will
be made. The value of the improvement, as derived from the PPI
regression estimates, will be deducted from the observed price change
for the product. (Conversely, if a model deteriorates, the value of the
difference will be added to the price.)
Additional information on these changes will be published in the
June 1997 CPI Detailed Report and is available on the Internet (at
http://stats.bls.gov/cpihome.htm). This information can also be
obtained by writing to Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer
Prices and Price Indexes, Room 3260,
2 Massachusetts Ave. NE, Washington, DC 20212 or by telephoning Joseph
Chelena
at (202) 606-6982 ext. 255.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
July
Aug.
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 1997 fromAug. 1996 July 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMay to
June to
July to
June
July
Aug.

Expenditure category

+
+

+
+
+
+
+

All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

160.5
480.7

160.8
481.6

2.2
-

0.2
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products 1/ ..................
_
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........
_
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.484
15.913
10.040
1.479
3.002
1.245

157.5
157.0
157.7
178.3
148.2
143.3

158.1
157.6
158.5
178.6
149.1
143.4

2.5
2.5
2.4
2.1
2.4
-.8

.4
.4
.5
.2
.6
.1

.2
.2
.2
.4
.1
-.9

.3
.3
.3
.1
.5
-.6

.4
.4
.6
.2
.1
.1

1.974

184.6

187.3

2.9

1.5

.3

.5

2.8

2.340
.331
.246
.724
1.039
5.873
1.571

148.6
149.2
141.4
136.3
161.3
157.1
162.9

148.7
147.8
141.4
136.7
161.8
157.4
163.2

3.8
2.2
.4
6.4
3.5
2.8
2.7

.1
-.9
.0
.3
.3
.2
.2

.7
.5
-.3
1.2
.6
.2
.1

.6
.5
-.3
1.6
.1
.3
.3

.1
-.8
.4
.0
.2
.2
.3

Housing 2/ ...............................
_
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................
_ _
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs 4/ ............
_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............
_ _
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
_

41.203

157.5

157.6

2.3

.1

.3

.2

.1

28.194
7.994

177.0
188.4

177.5
189.1

3.0
3.1

.3
.4

.2
.3

.2
-.1

.2
.2

5.731
2.263

166.8
232.6

167.3
233.9

3.0
3.5

.3
.6

.2
.5

.2
-.7

.3
.0

20.000

181.7

182.2

2.9

.3

.2

.4

.3

19.616

182.1

182.6

3.0

.3

.2

.4

.3

+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+

+

+
+
+

Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
_ _
Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
_ _
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
_ _
Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
_
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................
_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .
_
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................
_
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services 4/ .............
_

.383

165.7

166.3

2.5

.4

.1

.0

.4

.200

145.4

145.5

4.2

.1

.1

1.5

.1

.123

153.8

154.4

5.0

.4

.1

2.5

.4

.077

133.7

133.1

2.7

-.4

.0

-.3

-.4

7.102

132.1

131.4

1.5

-.5

.6

.2

-.5

3.878

119.6

118.6

.6

-.8

.8

.0

-.8

.424

94.7

93.5

1.4

-1.3

-.7

-1.9

-.7

3.453

127.8

126.7

.5

-.9

1.0

.2

-.8

3.224

162.4

162.1

2.6

-.2

.4

.5

-.2

5.908

125.6

125.2

.3

-.3

.0

-.2

-.3

3.332

110.7

110.2

-1.0

-.5

-.2

-.6

-.5

1.093
1.482

144.0
152.1

142.9
152.6

1.3
2.7

-.8
.3

.1
.3

.7
.2

-.6
.4

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities 4/ .................
_
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....
_
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities 4/..........
_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................
_ _

5.330
4.786

130.2
126.2

130.0
125.9

1.5
1.4

-.2
-.2

-.2
-.3

.2
.1

-1.0
-1.0

1.280
2.102
.186

128.0
121.1
131.3

128.9
120.3
127.3

2.1
1.9
1.8

.7
-.7
-3.0

-.6
-.1
-.7

.5
-.5
-1.2

.1
-2.0
-3.0

.718
.500

125.9
146.9

126.3
145.8

1.3
-2.3

.3
-.7

-1.0
.5

1.0
.4

.6
-1.2

.545

163.5

163.6

2.1

.1

.2

.2

.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................

17.140
15.499
4.955
3.952

143.7
140.1
143.7
141.1

143.8
140.8
143.0
140.4

.7
.6
.1
-.2

.1
.5
-.5
-.5

-.3
-.3
.0
-.1

.1
.1
.1
.1

.6
.9
-.1
-.1

+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation 4/.......
_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................
_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................
_
Public transportation ..................

1.278
3.171
1.533
4.562

149.9
103.9
103.5
162.9
177.5

148.5
107.6
107.4
163.3
177.4

-5.2
1.1
1.2
3.0
1.9

-.9
3.6
3.8
.2
-.1

-1.8
-1.1
-.9
.4
.1

-1.1
-.2
-.4
.2
.5

-.8
4.9
5.4
.1
-.1

.589

105.3

104.8

.0

-.5

.1

.7

-.6

3.973

194.5

194.5

2.2

.0

.1

.5

.0

1.642

189.4

183.4

1.1

-3.2

-.6

.5

-1.9

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.346
1.273
6.073
3.472

234.8
216.0
239.2
215.9

235.2
215.5
239.8
216.3

2.6
2.1
2.7
3.4

.2
-.2
.3
.2

.2
.1
.2
.2

.0
-.1
.1
.1

.2
-.1
.3
.3

Entertainment 4/ .........................
_
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........
_
Entertainment services 4/ ..............
_

4.352

162.6

163.0

2.4

.2

.5

.1

.2

1.957

143.8

144.6

1.0

.6

.2

-.1

.6

2.395

184.5

184.3

3.5

-.1

.8

.2

.1

Other goods and services 2/ ..............
_
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 1/ .......................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................
_
Personal care services 1/ ............
_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...
_
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services 4/ .
_

7.145

223.5

225.7

4.3

1.0

.2

.3

.6

1.601
1.145

242.0
152.6

243.4
152.5

4.3
1.3

.6
-.1

-.9
.1

.4
-.1

.7
-.1

.588

143.7

143.5

-1.0

-.1

.1

-.3

-.1

.557

162.5

162.7

4.0

.1

.2

-.1

.1

4.398

258.0

261.6

5.2

1.4

.6

.3

.7

.264
4.134

237.7
259.8

240.0
263.5

5.4
5.2

1.0
1.4

.9
.6

.4
.4

.7
.7

100.000

160.5

160.8

2.2

.2

.1

.2

.2

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................

+

+
+

Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities 4/ .............
_
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .....................
_
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................
_ _
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

42.873
17.484
25.389
15.147
4.786

141.0
157.5
131.0
132.9
126.2

141.4
158.1
131.3
133.8
125.9

1.4
2.5
.6
1.7
1.4

.3
.4
.2
.7
-.2

-.1
.2
-.3
-.3
-.3

.1
.3
-.2
.0
.1

.4
.4
.3
.6
-1.0

10.362
10.242
57.127
27.577

139.3
128.3
180.1
184.1

140.8
127.7
180.3
184.7

1.7
-.9
2.9
3.0

1.1
-.5
.1
.3

-.6
-.2
.3
.3

-.1
-.3
.3
.2

1.5
-.3
.1
.3

8.698

147.5

146.9

1.7

-.4

.6

.3

-.5

7.148
6.073
7.631

185.6
239.2
209.1

184.3
239.8
210.7

2.0
2.7
4.4

-.7
.3
.8

.0
.2
.6

.4
.1
.3

-.4
.3
.4

84.087
71.806
80.000

161.1
155.6
161.3

161.3
155.9
161.6

2.2
2.0
2.1

.1
.2
.2

.1
.1
.1

.2
.1
.1

.1
.2
.2

92.654
26.960
16.718
11.932
32.631
29.550

156.3
132.3
134.7
140.8
145.4
188.8

156.6
132.6
135.5
142.1
146.1
188.7

2.2
.7
1.7
1.9
2.1
2.7

.2
.2
.6
.9
.5
-.1

.1
-.3
-.4
-.3
.1
.4

.2
-.1
.0
.1
.2
.3

.2
.3
.5
1.6
.5
-.2

51.054
7.049
92.951
77.038

174.6
111.4
167.0
169.5

174.8
112.5
167.3
169.6

2.9
.8
2.4
2.3

.1
1.0
.2
.1

.3
.0
.1
.1

.3
-.1
.2
.2

.1
1.7
.1
.1

23.364
3.596
53.674

141.5
103.1
185.4

141.2
106.2
185.8

.6
1.1
3.0

-.2
3.0
.2

-.2
-1.1
.3

-.1
-.4
.3

-.3
4.3
.2

-

$.623

$.622

-2.2

-.2

-.2

-.2

-.2

-

.208

.208

-

-

-

-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......
+
_ _
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........
+
_ _
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
+
_
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................
+
_

-

+
+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
3/
_
4/
_
NOTE:

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Seasonally adjusted indexes
May
1997

June
1997

July
1997

Aug.
1997

Nov.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedFeb.
May
Aug.
Feb.
Aug.
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

+
+

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products 1/ ....................
_
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............
_
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............

-

-

-

-

3.6

2.5

0.8

2.0

3.1

1.4

157.1
156.8
157.4
176.9
148.5
145.4

157.4
157.1
157.7
177.6
148.6
144.1

157.9
157.6
158.2
177.7
149.3
143.3

158.6
158.3
159.2
178.0
149.4
143.4

5.3
5.3
6.0
4.4
7.0
13.6

.5
.3
-.8
.2
.0
-8.1

.8
.8
-.3
1.1
.3
-2.2

3.9
3.9
4.7
2.5
2.4
-5.4

2.9
2.7
2.6
2.3
3.5
2.2

2.3
2.3
2.2
1.8
1.4
-3.8

184.7

185.3

186.2

191.4

6.4

-2.1

-6.2

15.3

2.1

4.0

146.7
147.4
141.8
133.3

147.7
148.1
141.4
134.9

148.6
148.8
141.0
137.1

148.7
147.6
141.5
137.1

2.5
2.2
2.3
-4.3

2.2
4.8
.8
-.6

5.4
1.4
-.8
20.2

5.6
.5
-.8
11.9

2.4
3.5
1.6
-2.5

5.5
1.0
-.8
16.0

Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

160.1
156.3
162.3

161.0
156.6
162.4

161.2
157.1
162.9

161.5
157.4
163.4

7.6
4.0
3.8

3.8
2.6
3.0

-1.2
1.8
1.2

3.5
2.8
2.7

5.7
3.3
3.4

1.1
2.3
2.0

156.1

156.5

156.8

156.9

3.2

3.1

1.3

2.1

3.2

1.7

175.4
184.8

175.8
185.4

176.2
185.3

176.6
185.7

2.8
3.1

3.3
4.3

3.3
3.1

2.8
2.0

3.1
3.7

3.0
2.5

166.1
224.0

166.5
225.2

166.8
223.7

167.3
223.8

2.7
3.9

2.5
8.9

3.7
1.6

2.9
-.4

2.6
6.4

3.3
.6

180.9

181.2

181.9

182.4

2.7

2.7

3.2

3.4

2.7

3.3

181.3

181.6

182.3

182.8

2.7

2.9

3.1

3.4

2.8

3.2

165.0

165.1

165.1

165.7

7.1

-.5

1.7

1.7

3.2

1.7

143.2

143.3

145.4

145.5

4.1

3.4

2.6

6.6

3.8

4.5

149.9

150.0

153.8

154.4

1.4

2.2

4.1

12.6

1.8

8.2

134.1

134.1

133.7

133.1

8.6

4.9

.6

-2.9

6.7

-1.2

129.4

130.2

130.5

129.9

5.1

6.3

-6.5

1.6

5.7

-2.6

115.4

116.3

116.3

115.4

7.2

9.6

-12.7

.0

8.4

-6.6

100.0

99.3

97.4

96.7

54.7

-1.1

-21.1

-12.6

23.7

-16.9

122.3
160.8

123.5
161.5

123.8
162.3

122.8
162.0

3.0
3.3

10.5
2.0

-11.8
2.0

1.6
3.0

6.7
2.7

-5.3
2.5

125.7

125.7

125.5

125.1

1.0

.3

1.9

-1.9

.6

.0

111.5

111.3

110.6

110.1

.0

.0

1.1

-4.9

.0

-2.0

+

Housing 2/ .................................
_
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................
_ _
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs 4/ ..............
_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................
_ _
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
_ _
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
_ _
Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
_
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 4/ .
_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...
_
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................
_
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services 4/ ...............
_

142.9
151.3

143.0
151.8

144.0
152.1

143.1
152.7

1.4
3.3

2.3
-.5

1.1
4.3

.6
3.8

1.8
1.3

.8
4.0

+

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities 4/ ...................
_

133.6
129.9

133.3
129.5

133.5
129.6

132.2
128.3

4.4
4.8

2.8
2.5

3.1
3.5

-4.1
-4.8

3.6
3.7

-.6
-.8

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+

+
+
+

+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+

Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......
_
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities 4/............
_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................
_ _

130.5
127.5
133.8

129.7
127.4
132.9

130.4
126.8
131.3

130.5
124.3
127.3

3.5
6.7
5.2

-1.5
8.7
1.6

7.0
2.9
22.4

.0
-9.7
-18.1

.9
7.7
3.4

3.5
-3.6
.2

127.3
145.6

126.0
146.3

127.3
146.9

128.1
145.2

1.6
2.2

-.9
-4.2

1.9
-6.1

2.5
-1.1

.3
-1.1

2.2
-3.6

162.9

163.2

163.5

163.6

1.5

3.3

1.7

1.7

2.4

1.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation 4/.........
_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................
_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................
_
Public transportation ....................

143.6
140.3
144.3
141.8
153.7
102.5
101.8
162.2
177.0

143.2
139.9
144.3
141.7
150.9
101.4
100.9
162.8
177.2

143.3
140.0
144.4
141.8
149.2
101.2
100.5
163.2
178.1

144.2
141.2
144.3
141.7
148.0
106.2
105.9
163.4
178.0

4.8
3.8
1.4
.3
-1.3
13.6
12.8
4.1
1.4

1.4
3.4
-.6
-.6
.5
13.1
13.6
2.3
1.8

-4.6
-6.6
-.3
-.3
-5.3
-29.3
-30.0
2.5
2.1

1.7
2.6
.0
-.3
-14.0
15.2
17.1
3.0
2.3

3.1
3.6
.4
-.1
-.4
13.4
13.2
3.2
1.6

-1.5
-2.1
-.1
-.3
-9.8
-9.8
-9.5
2.7
2.2

104.8

104.9

105.6

105.0

.4

.0

-1.1

.8

.2

-.2

194.4

194.5

195.5

195.5

1.7

2.1

2.7

2.3

1.9

2.5

188.4

187.2

188.1

184.5

13.8

-13.3

15.1

-8.0

-.7

2.9

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........
Entertainment 4/ ...........................
_
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............
_
Entertainment services 4/ ................
_

234.5
215.8
238.5
215.0
162.1

234.9
216.0
239.0
215.5
162.9

235.0
215.8
239.2
215.7
163.0

235.5
215.5
239.8
216.3
163.4

3.0
1.9
3.1
3.9
2.5

2.3
2.7
2.2
2.9
2.0

3.8
4.4
3.6
4.4
1.7

1.7
-.6
2.2
2.4
3.2

2.6
2.3
2.7
3.4
2.3

2.8
1.9
2.9
3.4
2.5

143.8

144.1

143.9

144.7

1.7

.6

-1.1

2.5

1.1

.7

183.3

184.7

185.0

185.1

3.4

3.1

3.8

4.0

3.3

3.9

Other goods and services 2/.................
_
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 1/ .........................
_
Toilet goods and personal care

224.5

224.9

225.6

226.9

3.4

3.9

5.9

4.3

3.6

5.1

242.9
152.6

240.6
152.8

241.5
152.6

243.2
152.5

5.1
1.9

2.7
.8

9.2
2.9

.5
-.3

3.9
1.3

4.8
1.3

+
+
+
+

appliances 1/ ......................
_
Personal care services 1/ ..............
_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....
_
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services 4/ ...
_

144.1

144.2

143.7

143.5

-.8

-3.8

2.3

-1.7

-2.3

.3

162.3

162.6

162.5

162.7

5.5

5.4

4.0

1.0

5.4

2.5

258.4

260.0

260.9

262.8

3.2

5.3

5.4

7.0

4.3

6.2

236.6
259.9

238.7
261.4

239.6
262.4

241.2
264.3

5.0
3.1

3.0
5.5

6.0
5.4

8.0
6.9

4.0
4.3

7.0
6.2

141.5
157.1
132.0
133.9
129.9

141.3
157.4
131.6
133.5
129.5

141.4
157.9
131.4
133.5
129.6

141.9
158.6
131.8
134.3
128.3

3.6
4.7
5.3
4.3
6.8
4.8

2.5
1.7
.5
2.1
4.2
2.5

.8
-1.7
.8
-3.3
-5.2
3.5

2.0
1.1
3.9
-.6
1.2
-4.8

3.1
3.2
2.9
3.2
5.5
3.7

1.4
-.3
2.3
-1.9
-2.1
-.8

139.3
129.3
178.8
182.8

138.4
129.0
179.3
183.3

138.2
128.6
179.8
183.6

140.3
128.2
180.0
184.1

6.5
.6
3.2
2.7

6.1
.0
3.0
3.1

-8.2
-.9
2.7
3.4

2.9
-3.4
2.7
2.9

6.3
.3
3.1
2.9

-2.8
-2.1
2.7
3.1

144.6

145.5

145.9

145.2

3.4

4.8

-3.0

1.7

4.1

-.7

185.0
238.5
209.3

185.0
239.0
210.5

185.8
239.2
211.1

185.1
239.8
211.9

4.9
3.1
3.4

-1.5
2.2
4.4

5.1
3.6
4.7

.2
2.2
5.1

1.7
2.7
3.9

2.6
2.9
4.9

160.5
155.5
160.9

160.7
155.6
161.1

161.0
155.8
161.3

161.2
156.1
161.6

3.3
4.0
3.8

2.8
2.1
2.3

.8
.0
.2

1.8
1.6
1.8

3.1
3.0
3.1

1.3
.8
1.0

155.7
133.4
135.7
140.1
145.4
187.3

155.9
133.0
135.2
139.7
145.5
188.0

156.2
132.9
135.2
139.8
145.8
188.6

156.5
133.3
135.9
142.0
146.5
188.3

3.7
4.0
6.8
7.1
5.4
3.8

2.6
2.4
3.9
3.7
2.8
2.4

.5
-2.9
-4.0
-8.1
-3.0
2.4

2.1
-.3
.6
5.5
3.1
2.2

3.2
3.2
5.3
5.4
4.1
3.1

1.3
-1.6
-1.7
-1.5
.0
2.3

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities 4/ ...............
+
_
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .......................
+
_
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................
+
_ _
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........
+
_ _
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............
+
_

Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

173.1
108.5
167.0
169.5

173.6
108.5
167.2
169.7

174.2
108.4
167.5
170.0

174.3
110.2
167.7
170.1

3.3
10.3
3.5
2.9

2.8
10.8
1.7
2.2

2.6
-20.5
2.7
2.9

2.8
6.4
1.7
1.4

3.1
10.5
2.6
2.5

2.7
-8.0
2.2
2.2

142.8
102.4
184.5

142.5
101.3
185.0

142.4
100.9
185.5

142.0
105.2
185.8

2.0
17.6
3.1

1.1
11.5
2.7

1.7
-28.3
3.5

-2.2
11.4
2.8

1.6
14.5
2.9

-.3
-10.7
3.2

+
+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
3/
_
4/
_

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.

NOTE:

See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Percent change to
Aug. 1997 fromAug.
June
July
1996
1997
1997

Percent change to
July 1997 fromJuly
May
June
1996
1997
1997

Pricing
schedule
1/
_

U.S. city average ......................

M

160.1

160.3

160.5

160.8

2.2

0.3

0.2

2.2

0.2

0.1

M
M
M

166.8
167.5
164.7

167.0
167.7
165.2

167.6
168.2
165.9

167.8
168.4
166.2

2.3
2.2
2.5

.5
.4
.6

.1
.1
.2

2.6
2.5
2.5

.5
.4
.7

.4
.3
.4

+

+

Indexes

Area

May
1997

June
1997

July
1997

Aug.
1997

Region and area size 2/
_
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....

+
+

Size C -

_
50,000 to 500,000 3/........
_

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 3/........
+
_
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........
South urban ............................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 450,000 3/........
+
_
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........
West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 3/........
+
_
Size classes
A 4/ .................................
+
_
B 3/ .................................
+
_
C 3/ .................................
+
_
D ....................................

M

165.2

165.6

166.4

166.8

3.1

.7

.2

3.0

.7

.5

M
M
M

156.3
157.0
155.4

156.7
157.3
155.7

156.6
157.3
155.8

157.2
158.0
156.3

2.5
2.6
2.3

.3
.4
.4

.4
.4
.3

2.2
2.3
2.2

.2
.2
.3

-.1
.0
.1

M

158.3

158.7

158.5

158.8

2.7

.1

.2

2.5

.1

-.1

M

152.2

152.6

152.6

152.6

1.5

.0

.0

1.5

.3

.0

M
M
M

156.6
155.5
159.7

157.0
155.8
160.4

157.0
155.8
160.5

157.1
155.9
160.8

1.9
1.8
2.5

.1
.1
.2

.1
.1
.2

1.9
1.7
2.4

.3
.2
.5

.0
.0
.1

M

156.1

156.4

156.0

156.1

1.4

-.2

.1

1.5

-.1

-.3

M

156.0

156.3

156.4

156.4

2.5

.1

.0

2.6

.3

.1

M
M
M

161.1
161.1
166.5

161.0
161.1
166.0

161.1
161.3
166.1

161.5
161.7
166.8

2.2
2.3
2.6

.3
.4
.5

.2
.2
.4

2.0
2.1
2.3

.0
.1
-.2

.1
.1
.1

M

144.5

144.6

144.8

145.1

2.3

.3

.2

2.2

.2

.1

M

160.4

160.7

160.9

161.2

2.3

.3

.2

2.2

.3

.1

M

160.0

160.2

160.1

160.5

2.2

.2

.2

2.1

.1

-.1

M

156.4

156.6

156.7

156.8

1.8

.1

.1

2.0

.2

.1

M
M
M

161.1
159.5
169.9

161.7
159.4
170.3

161.7
159.5
170.8

162.5
159.7
170.8

2.8
1.5
2.2

.5
.2
.3

.5
.1
.0

2.5
1.2
2.5

.4
.0
.5

.0
.1
.3

M

166.0

166.1

166.4

166.8

2.0

.4

.2

2.2

.2

.2

M

159.8

160.0

160.6

161.2

3.6

.8

.4

3.0

.5

.4

Selected local areas
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
+
_
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..

+

_

Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
_
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....
+
_
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................
+
_

1

155.5

-

156.9

-

-

-

-

.8

.9

-

1
1
1
1

166.7
155.6
157.9
152.1

-

167.1
156.3
157.9
153.3

-

-

-

-

3.1
2.8
3.6
2.3

.2
.4
.0
.8

-

1

162.1

-

162.9

-

-

-

-

1.7

.5

-

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........
+
_

2
2
2
2

+

-

151.4
155.0
144.8
157.4

-

151.2
156.9
145.4
157.5

1.1
2.8
1.8
2.5

-.1
1.2
.4
.1

-

-

-

+
+

+
+

1/
_

2/
_
3/
_

+

4/
_
5/
_

+

6/
_

+

7/
_

+

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current
Size Class B and Size Class C cities.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.

There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.

Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly
basis starting in January, 1998. Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a
bi-monthly basis.
Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly
basis after December, 1997.
January and July.

Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each

-

NOTE:

Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
July
Aug.
1996
1997
1997

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 1997 fromAug. 1996 July 1997

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMay to
June to
July to
June
July
Aug.

Expenditure category

+
+

+

All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

157.5
469.0

157.8
470.0

2.1
-

0.2
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

0.2
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products 1/ ..................
_
Fruits and vegetables 2/ ...........
_
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.436
17.749
11.387
1.688
3.535
1.387

157.0
156.6
156.9
177.9
148.0
143.0

157.6
157.1
157.6
178.2
148.8
143.0

2.5
2.4
2.3
1.9
2.4
-.9

.4
.3
.4
.2
.5
.0

.2
.3
.3
.4
.1
-.9

.3
.3
.3
.0
.5
-.6

.4
.3
.4
.1
.0
.0

2.086

184.0

186.9

2.8

1.6

.5

.5

2.6

2.691
.373
.282
.841
1.194
6.362
1.687

147.9
149.2
141.1
134.9
161.2
157.1
162.2

148.0
147.8
141.2
135.2
161.6
157.4
162.5

3.6
2.3
.4
5.6
3.4
2.8
2.7

.1
-.9
.1
.2
.2
.2
.2

.5
.3
-.2
1.1
.4
.3
.1

.6
.5
-.6
1.5
.2
.3
.2

.0
-.8
.6
-.1
.2
.2
.4

Housing 2/ ...............................
_
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/..................

38.747

154.1

154.2

2.3

.1

.3

.2

.0

25.867
8.079

171.7
163.7

172.3
164.3

3.0
3.1

.3
.4

.2
.3

.2
-.1

.2
.3

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+

+

+

_ _
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs 4/ ............
_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/...............
_ _
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ .........
_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ........
_ _
Maintenance and repair
services 1/ 4/ .................
_ _
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ..............
_ _
Fuel and other utilities 2/ ............
_
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 4/ ......................
_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ .
_
Housefurnishings 4/ ..................
_
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services 4/ .............
_
Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities 4/ .................
_
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ....
_
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities 4/..........

6.580
1.499

166.5
232.9

167.0
234.2

3.0
3.4

.3
.6

.3
.6

.2
-1.1

.3
.3

17.599

165.7

166.2

3.0

.3

.2

.4

.1

17.277

166.0

166.5

3.0

.3

.2

.4

.2

.322

150.3

150.9

2.0

.4

.1

.1

.4

.189

143.6

143.8

4.2

.1

.0

1.3

.1

.105

155.9

156.5

5.0

.4

.1

2.6

.4

.084

128.3

128.0

3.1

-.2

.0

-.2

-.2

7.344

131.9

131.2

1.5

-.5

.6

.2

-.5

3.979

119.1

118.1

.5

-.8

.9

.0

-.8

.391

94.5

93.2

1.2

-1.4

-.7

-1.8

-.6

3.588

127.3

126.2

.4

-.9

1.0

.2

-.7

3.365

163.2

162.9

2.8

-.2

.4

.6

-.1

5.536

124.1

123.7

.3

-.3

-.1

-.1

-.3

3.261

109.5

109.1

-.8

-.4

-.2

-.5

-.5

1.129
1.145

144.4
154.7

143.4
155.2

1.1
2.6

-.7
.3

-.1
.5

.6
.2

-.7
.4

5.348
4.838

129.8
126.1

129.4
125.7

1.5
1.5

-.3
-.3

-.3
-.3

.2
.2

-1.0
-1.1

1.286
2.053
.240

128.0
120.6
132.0

128.8
119.6
128.4

2.5
1.9
1.3

.6
-.8
-2.7

-.5
.0
-.8

.8
-.4
-1.3

.0
-2.1
-2.7

.799
.461

126.8
146.8

127.3
145.7

1.0
-1.4

.4
-.7

-.9
.3

.9
.6

.7
-1.7

+
+

+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ .................
_ _

.510

162.6

162.7

1.9

.1

.2

.2

.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation 4/.......
_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/..................
_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ....................
_
Public transportation ..................

19.190
17.934
4.893
3.533
2.320
3.921
1.616
5.185

142.9
140.4
144.9
140.7
151.4
104.0
103.6
164.0
172.8

143.3
141.1
144.3
140.0
149.9
107.7
107.6
164.2
172.7

.5
.4
.2
-.2
-5.0
1.3
1.5
2.9
1.8

.3
.5
-.4
-.5
-1.0
3.6
3.9
.1
-.1

-.4
-.3
.0
-.1
-1.7
-.9
-.8
.4
.2

.1
-.1
.1
.1
-1.2
-.4
-.4
.3
.5

.7
.9
-.2
-.1
-.7
5.0
5.5
.1
.0

.742

104.4

104.0

.0

-.4

.1

.6

-.5

4.442

190.2

190.1

2.0

-.1

.2

.5

.1

1.256

186.2

181.6

1.2

-2.5

-.7

.9

-1.6

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.251
1.047
5.204
2.973

234.2
213.3
238.9
217.2

234.6
212.5
239.5
217.7

2.7
1.9
2.7
3.5

.2
-.4
.3
.2

.2
.0
.2
.2

.1
.0
.1
.1

.2
-.2
.3
.3

Entertainment 4/ .........................
_
Entertainment commodities 4/ ...........
_
Entertainment services 4/ ..............
_

4.015

160.1

160.6

2.3

.3

.5

.1

.4

2.036

142.7

143.5

.9

.6

.1

.0

.6

1.979

184.8

184.9

3.7

.1

.8

.2

.1

7.012

220.3

222.1

4.3

.8

.0

.3

.5

2.117
1.107

241.7
152.4

243.0
152.4

4.3
1.3

.5
.0

-.9
.1

.5
-.2

.6
.0

.610

144.6

144.4

-.8

-.1

.0

-.3

-.1

.497

162.6

162.8

4.0

.1

.2

-.1

.1

3.788

253.6

256.8

5.2

1.3

.4

.3

.6

Other goods and services 2/ ..............
_
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 1/ .......................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ....................
_
Personal care services 1/ ............
_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ ...

+
+

_
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services 4/ .
_

.232
3.556

240.1
255.0

241.9
258.3

5.7
5.1

.7
1.3

1.1
.4

.4
.3

.4
.6

100.000
47.057
19.436
27.621
16.215
4.838

157.5
141.0
157.0
131.3
132.9
126.1

157.8
141.4
157.6
131.6
133.9
125.7

2.1
1.3
2.5
.5
1.7
1.5

.2
.3
.4
.2
.8
-.3

.1
-.1
.2
-.4
-.4
-.3

.2
.1
.3
-.2
.1
.2

.2
.4
.4
.4
.8
-1.1

11.377
11.407
52.943
25.329

139.1
128.0
177.1
165.3

140.8
127.4
177.4
165.8

1.9
-1.2
2.8
3.0

1.2
-.5
.2
.3

-.6
-.5
.3
.3

-.2
-.3
.3
.2

1.8
-.3
.1
.2

8.553

135.5

135.0

1.7

-.4

.6

.3

-.4

7.314
5.204
6.542

182.9
238.9
205.9

182.1
239.5
207.4

2.1
2.7
4.4

-.4
.3
.7

.1
.2
.5

.5
.1
.2

-.2
.3
.4

82.251
74.133
82.401

157.5
153.6
147.6

157.8
153.9
147.9

2.1
1.8
1.9

.2
.2
.2

.1
.1
.1

.1
.1
.1

.2
.3
.2

93.749
29.308
17.901
13.064
35.651
27.613

153.8
132.5
134.7
140.4
145.3
168.2

154.2
132.9
135.6
141.9
146.0
168.2

2.1
.7
1.9
1.9
2.1
2.7

.3
.3
.7
1.1
.5
.0

.1
-.4
-.3
-.3
.0
.3

.1
-.1
.1
.1
.3
.3

.3
.4
.7
1.8
.6
.0

47.738
7.901
92.099
74.350

171.8
110.8
164.0
165.9

172.0
112.2
164.2
166.0

2.8
1.0
2.2
2.2

.1
1.3
.1
.1

.4
.0
.1
.1

.4
-.2
.2
.2

-.1
2.0
.1
.0

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities 4/ .............
+
_
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .....................
+
_
Household services less rent of
shelter 3/ 4/.......................
+
_ _
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/......
+
_ _
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ 4/ ........
+
_ _
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and

energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 1/ .........................
+
_
1967=$1.00 1/ ............................
+
_

24.996
4.312
49.354

141.1
103.4
182.6

140.8
106.7
183.0

.6
1.3
3.0

-.2
3.2
.2

-.3
-.9
.3

.0
-.5
.3

-.4
4.5
.2

-

$.635

$.634

-2.0

-.2

-.2

.0

-.2

-

.213

.213

-

-

-

-

-

+
+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
3/
_
4/
_
NOTE:

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+

Seasonally adjusted indexes
May
1997

June
1997

July
1997

Aug.
1997

Nov.
1996

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedFeb.
May
Aug.
Feb.
Aug.
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......

156.7
156.2
156.6
176.7
148.2

157.0
156.6
157.0
177.4
148.3

157.5
157.1
157.5
177.4
149.1

158.1
157.6
158.2
177.5
149.1

3.9

2.3

0.3

2.1

3.1

1.2

5.3
5.3
6.4
4.2
6.8

.3
.3
-1.3
.0
-.3

1.0
.8
.3
1.6
.8

3.6
3.6
4.1
1.8
2.5

2.7
2.7
2.5
2.1
3.2

2.3
2.2
2.2
1.7
1.6

+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+

Dairy products 1/ ....................
_
Fruits and vegetables 2/..............
_
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................
Housing 2/ .................................
_
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 3/ 4/....................
_ _
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs 4/ ..............
_
Homeowners' costs 3/ 4/ ................
_ _
Owners' equivalent rent 3/ ...........
_
Household insurance 3/ 4/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 1/ 4/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repair services 1/ 4/
_ _
Maintenance and repair
commodities 1/ 4/ ................
_ _
Fuel and other utilities 2/...............
_
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 4/ .
_
Household furnishings and operation 2/ ...
_
Housefurnishings 4/ ....................

145.1

143.8

143.0

143.0

14.3

-8.3

-2.4

-5.7

2.4

-4.1

184.1

185.0

186.0

190.9

6.0

-2.7

-5.5

15.6

1.5

4.5

146.2
147.5
141.6
132.2
160.0
156.2
161.7

147.0
147.9
141.3
133.7
160.7
156.6
161.8

147.9
148.7
140.5
135.7
161.0
157.1
162.2

147.9
147.5
141.3
135.6
161.4
157.4
162.8

2.3
2.0
2.3
-4.0
7.6
3.7
4.1

2.2
5.3
.3
-.6
3.6
2.9
2.3

5.1
1.6
.0
17.8
-1.0
1.3
2.0

4.7
.0
-.8
10.7
3.5
3.1
2.7

2.3
3.6
1.3
-2.3
5.6
3.3
3.2

4.9
.8
-.4
14.2
1.3
2.2
2.4

152.7

153.1

153.4

153.4

3.0

2.9

1.3

1.8

3.0

1.6

170.5
161.5

170.9
162.0

171.3
161.9

171.6
162.4

2.7
2.8

3.1
3.3

3.4
3.8

2.6
2.2

2.9
3.1

3.0
3.0

165.7
224.3

166.2
225.7

166.5
223.3

167.0
223.9

2.7
2.4

2.5
7.4

3.5
4.6

3.2
-.7

2.6
4.9

3.3
1.9

164.9

165.3

165.9

166.1

2.5

3.0

3.0

2.9

2.7

3.0

165.3

165.6

166.2

166.5

2.5

3.0

3.2

2.9

2.7

3.1

149.4

149.6

149.7

150.3

6.7

-2.4

1.3

2.4

2.0

1.9

141.7

141.7

143.6

143.8

5.6

2.3

2.9

6.1

4.0

4.5

151.9

152.0

155.9

156.5

2.4

1.1

4.3

12.7

1.8

8.4

128.6

128.6

128.3

128.0

10.0

3.8

.9

-1.9

6.9

-.5

129.0

129.8

130.1

129.5

5.4

6.0

-6.5

1.6

5.7

-2.6

114.6

115.6

115.6

114.7

7.2

9.3

-13.1

.3

8.2

-6.6

99.6

98.9

97.1

96.5

54.2

-.8

-22.1

-11.9

23.7

-17.1

121.7
161.5

122.9
162.1

123.1
163.0

122.2
162.8

3.3
3.8

10.1
2.0

-12.1
2.0

1.7
3.3

6.7
2.9

-5.5
2.6

124.2

124.1

124.0

123.6

.7

.3

2.0

-1.9

.5

.0

110.2

110.0

109.5

109.0

-.4

.0

1.5

-4.3

-.2

-1.5

+
+

+

+
+
+

+
+
+

+
+

_
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services 4/ ...............
_

143.7
153.9

143.6
154.6

144.4
154.9

143.4
155.5

1.1
2.9

2.3
.0

1.7
3.5

-.8
4.2

1.7
1.5

.4
3.8

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities 4/ ...................
_
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 1/ ......
_
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities 4/............
_
Apparel services 1/ 4/ ...................
_ _

132.9
129.6

132.5
129.2

132.8
129.4

131.5
128.0

4.1
4.2

3.4
3.5

3.4
3.5

-4.1
-4.8

3.7
3.8

-.5
-.8

130.1
126.7
134.9

129.4
126.7
133.8

130.4
126.2
132.0

130.4
123.6
128.4

4.2
4.7
3.2

-1.2
10.8
1.3

6.4
2.6
23.0

.9
-9.4
-17.9

1.4
7.7
2.2

3.6
-3.6
.5

128.2
145.8

127.0
146.2

128.1
147.1

129.0
144.6

1.3
8.1

-1.6
-5.0

1.6
-5.0

2.5
-3.3

-.2
1.4

2.0
-4.2

161.9

162.2

162.6

162.7

1.0

3.3

1.5

2.0

2.1

1.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation 4/.........
_
Other private transportation
commodities 4/....................
_
Other private transportation
services 4/ ......................
_
Public transportation ....................

142.8
140.5
145.6
141.5
155.1
102.5
101.8
163.2
172.5

142.3
140.1
145.6
141.3
152.5
101.6
101.0
163.8
172.8

142.4
140.0
145.7
141.4
150.6
101.2
100.6
164.3
173.6

143.4
141.3
145.4
141.3
149.5
106.3
106.1
164.4
173.6

4.6
4.0
1.7
.3
-1.5
14.9
14.1
4.1
1.4

2.5
3.4
-.5
-.6
1.0
13.1
13.2
1.5
1.4

-6.4
-7.3
.0
.0
-5.0
-29.9
-30.3
3.3
1.6

1.7
2.3
-.5
-.6
-13.7
15.7
18.0
3.0
2.6

3.5
3.7
.6
-.1
-.3
14.0
13.6
2.8
1.4

-2.5
-2.6
-.3
-.3
-9.4
-9.9
-9.3
3.1
2.1

103.9

104.0

104.6

104.1

.0

-.8

-.4

.8

-.4

.2

189.9

190.2

191.1

191.2

1.5

1.9

1.9

2.8

1.7

2.3

184.9

183.6

185.3

182.3

13.0

-12.1

11.6

-5.5

-.3

2.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........
Entertainment 4/ ...........................
_
Entertainment commodities 4/ .............
_
Entertainment services 4/ ................

233.7
213.1
238.2
216.3
159.4

234.1
213.1
238.7
216.8
160.2

234.3
213.0
238.9
217.0
160.3

234.7
212.5
239.5
217.7
161.0

3.0
2.1
3.1
4.1
2.3

2.3
2.9
2.1
2.9
1.8

3.7
4.0
3.8
4.6
1.0

1.7
-1.1
2.2
2.6
4.1

2.6
2.5
2.6
3.5
2.0

2.7
1.4
3.0
3.6
2.5

142.5

142.7

142.7

143.6

1.7

.6

-1.7

3.1

1.1

.7

183.6

185.1

185.4

185.6

3.2

2.7

4.5

4.4

2.9

4.5

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

_
Other goods and services 2/.................
_
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 1/ .........................
_
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 1/ ......................
_
Personal care services 1/ ..............
_
Personal and educational expenses 4/ .....
_
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services 4/ ...
_

221.1

221.0

221.6

222.7

3.6

4.1

6.4

2.9

3.9

4.6

242.4
152.6

240.1
152.7

241.2
152.4

242.7
152.4

4.9
2.4

2.9
.3

9.1
3.2

.5
-.5

3.9
1.3

4.7
1.3

145.0

145.0

144.6

144.4

-.5

-3.3

2.2

-1.6

-1.9

.3

162.4

162.7

162.6

162.8

5.7

5.4

4.0

1.0

5.6

2.5

254.1

255.2

256.0

257.5

3.5

6.1

5.7

5.5

4.8

5.6

238.5
255.5

241.1
256.6

242.1
257.3

243.1
258.8

5.7
3.3

2.9
6.3

6.5
5.7

7.9
5.3

4.3
4.8

7.2
5.5

141.4
156.7
132.1
133.7
129.6

141.2
157.0
131.6
133.2
129.2

141.3
157.5
131.4
133.3
129.4

141.9
158.1
131.9
134.3
128.0

3.9
4.4
5.3
4.0
7.2
4.2

2.3
2.0
.3
3.1
4.2
3.5

.3
-2.2
1.0
-4.1
-5.8
3.5

2.1
1.4
3.6
-.6
1.8
-4.8

3.1
3.2
2.7
3.5
5.7
3.8

1.2
-.4
2.3
-2.4
-2.1
-.8

138.9
129.1
175.8
164.2

138.0
128.5
176.3
164.7

137.7
128.1
176.8
165.0

140.2
127.7
176.9
165.3

7.5
.6
3.1
2.5

6.7
.0
3.0
3.3

-9.5
-.9
2.5
3.2

3.8
-4.3
2.5
2.7

7.1
.3
3.0
2.9

-3.1
-2.6
2.5
3.0

132.8

133.6

134.0

133.4

3.4

5.2

-3.5

1.8

4.3

-.9

182.3
238.2
206.1

182.4
238.7
207.2

183.4
238.9
207.6

183.0
239.5
208.4

3.8
3.1
3.2

-.7
2.1
4.9

3.8
3.8
4.8

1.5
2.2
4.5

1.6
2.6
4.0

2.7
3.0
4.7

156.9
153.4
147.3

157.0
153.5
147.4

157.2
153.7
147.6

157.5
154.1
147.9

3.4
4.3
3.9

2.9
2.1
2.5

.3
-.8
-.3

1.5
1.8
1.6

3.1
3.2
3.2

.9
.5
.7

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities 4/ ...............
+
_
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 3/ .......................
+
_
Household services less rent
of shelter 3/ 4/......................
+
_ _
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 3/ 4/........

+

_ _
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 3/ .............
+
_
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

153.3
133.5
135.1
139.6
145.2
166.8

153.5
133.0
134.7
139.2
145.2
167.3

153.7
132.9
134.9
139.3
145.6
167.8

154.1
133.4
135.9
141.8
146.5
167.8

3.8
4.0
7.4
7.4
5.4
4.0

2.4
3.0
4.5
4.6
2.5
2.9

.0
-3.8
-6.3
-9.4
-3.0
1.5

2.1
-.3
2.4
6.5
3.6
2.4

3.1
3.5
5.9
6.0
3.9
3.5

1.0
-2.1
-2.0
-1.8
.3
1.9

170.4
108.0
163.9
166.1

171.0
108.0
164.1
166.2

171.6
107.8
164.4
166.5

171.5
110.0
164.6
166.5

3.2
11.1
3.3
2.5

2.9
11.2
1.5
2.2

2.4
-21.9
2.5
2.9

2.6
7.6
1.7
1.0

3.0
11.1
2.4
2.3

2.5
-8.3
2.1
1.9

142.4
102.5
181.9

142.0
101.6
182.4

142.0
101.1
182.9

141.5
105.7
183.2

2.0
17.5
3.0

1.1
11.9
2.5

1.4
-29.1
3.6

-2.5
13.1
2.9

1.6
14.7
2.7

-.6
-10.5
3.2

+
+
+
+
+

1/
_
2/
_
3/
_
4/
_
NOTE:

Not seasonally adjusted.
This index series will undergo a change in composition in January, 1998.
Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
This index series will no longer appear in its present form after December, 1997.
See Table X for a comparable index series.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
+
Area
+

Pricing
schedule
1/
_

Indexes
May
1997

June
1997

July
1997

Aug.
1997

Percent change to
Aug. 1997 fromAug.
June
July
1996
1997
1997

Percent change to
July 1997 fromJuly
May
June
1996
1997
1997

U.S. city average ......................

M

157.2

157.4

157.5

157.8

2.1

0.3

0.2

2.1

0.2

0.1

M
M
M

164.1
163.8
162.3

164.3
164.0
162.8

164.7
164.3
163.5

164.9
164.5
163.7

2.2
2.2
2.3

.4
.3
.6

.1
.1
.1

2.4
2.4
2.4

.4
.3
.7

.2
.2
.4

M

166.9

167.1

167.5

167.8

2.8

.4

.2

2.8

.4

.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 3/........
+
_
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M

152.8
152.7
151.5

153.1
152.9
151.7

153.1
152.9
151.9

153.6
153.6
152.3

2.5
2.5
2.4

.3
.5
.4

.3
.5
.3

2.2
2.1
2.4

.2
.1
.3

.0
.0
.1

M

155.6

156.0

155.7

156.1

2.8

.1

.3

2.5

.1

-.2

M

150.2

150.8

150.7

150.9

1.6

.1

.1

1.5

.3

-.1

South urban ............................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 450,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 450,000 3/........
+
_
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M

155.1
153.6
155.7

155.4
153.9
156.1

155.3
153.9
156.2

155.5
154.0
156.5

1.8
1.7
2.2

.1
.1
.3

.1
.1
.2

1.8
1.5
2.2

.1
.2
.3

-.1
.0
.1

M

156.0

156.2

155.7

155.9

1.3

-.2

.1

1.4

-.2

-.3

M

156.3

156.5

156.6

157.0

2.5

.3

.3

2.5

.2

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 3/........
+
_

M
M
M

157.8
156.1
163.2

157.5
156.0
162.7

157.6
156.2
162.9

158.0
156.5
163.5

2.0
2.0
2.5

.3
.3
.5

.3
.2
.4

1.7
1.8
2.3

-.1
.1
-.2

.1
.1
.1

M

143.3

143.5

143.6

143.9

2.1

.3

.2

2.0

.2

.1

M

157.3

157.6

157.8

158.0

2.2

.3

.1

2.2

.3

.1

M

159.1

159.2

159.1

159.4

2.2

.1

.2

2.1

.0

-.1

M

155.6

155.7

155.8

156.0

1.8

.2

.1

1.8

.1

.1

+

Region and area size 2/
_

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 3/.....
+
_
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 3/........
+
_

Size classes
A 4/ .................................
+
_
B 3/ .................................
+
_
C 3/ .................................
+
_
D ....................................
Selected local areas

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton,
PA-NJ-DE-MD 5/ .........................
+
_
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA 5/ ..
+
_

M
M
M

155.5
154.0
166.0

156.0
153.8
166.2

156.0
153.8
166.6

156.7
154.0
166.7

2.5
1.4
2.1

.4
.1
.3

.4
.1
.1

2.2
1.0
2.3

.3
-.1
.4

.0
.0
.2

M

165.2

165.3

165.5

165.9

1.8

.4

.2

2.1

.2

.1

M

156.8

157.0

157.5

158.1

3.3

.7

.4

2.7

.4

.3

Baltimore, MD 6/ .......................
_
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL 7/ .....
+
_
Washington, DC-MD-VA 6/ ................
+
_

1

154.3

-

155.6

-

-

-

-

.6

.8

-

1
1
1
1

165.6
147.8
155.6
151.2

-

165.8
148.2
155.5
152.5

-

-

-

-

3.0
2.7
3.1
2.3

.1
.3
-.1
.9

-

1

159.7

-

160.2

-

-

-

-

1.6

.3

-

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA 7/ ........
+
_

2
2
2
2

+

-

151.4
149.8
144.1
150.8

-

151.1
151.6
144.9
151.0

1.1
2.4
1.9
2.6

-.2
1.2
.6
.1

-

-

+
+

+
+
+
+

1/
_

2/
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3/
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4/
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5/
_

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Starting in January, 1998, a new Size Class B/C will be introduced, composed of current
Size Class B and Size Class C cities.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.

There will be no individual Size Class B or Size Class C.

Indexes for the cities of Philadelphia and San Francisco will no longer be published on a monthly
basis starting in January, 1998.
bi-monthly basis.

Beginning in February, 1998 they will be published on a

-

-

+

6/
_

+

7/
_
NOTE:

Indexes for the cities of Washington and Baltimore will no longer be published separately after December, 1997.
Beginning in January, 1998 the two cities will be published as a Washington-Baltimore
combined metropolitan area.
Indexes for the cities of Pittsburgh and St. Louis will no longer be published on a bi-monthly
basis after December, 1997. Beginning in July, 1998 they will be published semi-annually, each
January and July.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.