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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202)
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202)
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202)

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

606-7000
606-6994
606-7828
606-5902

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-96-378
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Friday, September 13, 1996
AUGUST 1996

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
0.2 percent before seasonal adjustment in August to a level of 157.3
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of
Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in August, the CPIU increased 2.9 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) rose 0.1 percent in August, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The August 1996 CPI-W level of 154.5 was 2.9 percent higher
than the index in August 1995.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent in
August, following a 0.3 percent increase in July. The energy index
declined for the third consecutive month--down 0.6 percent in August and
3.2 percent for the 3-month period--after increasing 9.4 percent in the
6-month period ended in May. The index for petroleum-based energy
declined 1.6 percent in August, while the index for energy services rose
0.6 percent. The food index rose 0.4 percent in August, reflecting
sharp increases in prices for meats and for dairy products. Excluding
food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent, following a 0.3 percent
increase in July. The deceleration in August was due to a substantially

smaller increase in shelter costs and a larger decline in the index for
apparel and upkeep.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
3-mos. ended ended
Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
Aug.'96
Aug.'96
All Items
.2
.4
.4
.3
.1
.3
.1
1.8
2.9
Food and beverages .1
.5
.3
.1
.7
.5
.3
5.9
3.6
Housing
.2
.3
.3
.2
.1
.4
.2
2.7
2.9
Apparel and upkeep -.9
.6 -.4
.1 -.4 -.1 -1.4
-7.1
-1.5
Transportation
.5
.7 1.1
.7 -.4 -.2 -.2
-3.3
2.6
Medical care
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
3.0
3.4
Entertainment
.8
.1 -.1
.4
.3
.1
.2
2.0
3.3
Other goods
and services
.4
.4
.3
.4
.2
.4
.3
3.8
4.1
Special Indexes:
Energy
.4
1.4 3.2 1.1 -2.2 -.4 -.6 -12.2
3.9
Food
.1
.6
.3
.1
.7
.5
.4
6.5
3.6
All items less
food and energy
.2
.3
.1
.2
.2
.3
.1
2.2
2.6

See page 4 for the announcement of a change in the hospital and
related service component of the CPI.
During the first 8 months of 1996, the CPI-U rose at a 3.2 percent
seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with a 2.5
percent increase for all of 1995. Increases in the food and energy
components, which acted as moderating influences throughout most of the
past 5 years, have been responsible for the acceleration thus far in
1996. Energy costs, which declined last year, have increased at a 7.3
percent rate, with petroleum-based energy advancing at a 10.9 percent
SAAR. The food index has risen at a 4.2 percent annual rate in the
first 8 months after increasing 2.1 percent in all of 1995. Excluding
food and energy, the CPI-U advanced at a 2.7 percent rate in the first 8
months of 1996. This compares with a 3.0 percent increase for all of
1995.
The food and beverage index rose 0.3 percent in August. The index
for grocery store foods increased 0.5 percent, the same as in July.

Increases in the indexes for dairy products and for meats, poultry,
fish, and eggs--up 2.0 and 0.9 percent, respectively--accounted for all
of the August advance. The index for dairy products has risen 5.1
percent in the past 3 months and 8.9 percent since August 1995. Within
the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, price increases for beef,
pork, and poultry each accelerated in August, advancing 1.7, 2.1, and
1.2 percent, respectively. During the 12-month period ended in August,
beef prices have risen 1.1 percent, and pork and poultry prices have
advanced 12.9 and 8.2 percent, respectively. Each of the other major
grocery store food groups either declined or was unchanged in August.
The index for fruits and vegetables declined 0.3 percent as a decrease
in fresh fruit prices more than offset small increases in the indexes
for fresh vegetables and for processed fruits and vegetables. The
indexes for cereal and bakery products and other food at home were
unchanged and down 0.1 percent, respectively. The other two components
of the food and beverage index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages-increased 0.2 and 0.3 percent, respectively, in August.
The housing component, which rose 0.4 percent in July, advanced 0.2
percent in August. Shelter costs increased 0.1 percent in August,
following a rise of 0.5 percent in July. Within shelter, renters' costs
rose 0.1 percent, and homeowners' and maintenance and repair costs each
rose 0.2 percent. The index for fuel and other utilities increased 0.4
percent in August. The index for household fuels increased 0.5 percent
in August, and the index for other utilities and public services rose
0.3 percent. Among household fuels, the indexes for electricity and for
fuel oil increased 0.8 and 0.9 percent, respectively, while the index
for natural gas was unchanged. Within the index for other utilities and
public services, the index for telephone services rose 0.2 percent,
resulting from a 2.0 percent rise in charges for intrastate toll calls.
The index for household furnishings and operation rose 0.2 percent in
August, following a 0.1 percent increase in July.
The transportation index declined for the third consecutive month-down 0.2 percent in August--primarily as a result of another decrease in
the index for motor fuels. The index for gasoline, which increased 18.2
percent in the period from November 1995 through May, has declined 7.6
percent in the past 3 months, including a 2.0 percent drop in August.
As of August, the gasoline index was 11.6 percent below its peak level
of December 1990. The index for new vehicle prices rose 0.1 percent in
August. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, new vehicle prices fell 0.2
percent.) The index for automobile finance charges increased 1.8
percent in August and has risen 3.9 percent in the past 3 months. The
index for used cars was unchanged in August, following declines in each
of the 4 preceding months. The index for public transportation decreased

0.1 percent, reflecting price declines for airline fares and for other
intercity transportation fares.
The index for apparel and upkeep declined for the third consecutive
month--down 1.4 percent in August. The slower introduction of higher
priced fall-winter wear, coupled with large seasonal price declines for
spring and summer wear, was responsible for the August decrease. (Prior
to seasonal adjustment, clothing prices declined 0.2 percent in August.)
Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in August to a level 3.4
percent above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities-prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, and medical supplies-increased 0.2 percent in August. The index for medical care services
also rose 0.2 percent in August. Charges for professional services and
for hospital and related services each increased 0.3 percent.
Entertainment costs rose 0.2 percent in August. The indexes for
reading materials and for sporting goods and equipment each rose 0.5
percent and in aggregate accounted for over three-fourths of the August
entertainment advance.
The index for other goods and services increased 0.3 percent in
August, following a 0.4 percent rise in July. Advances in the indexes
for college tuition and for school books and supplies--up 1.0 and 1.2
percent, respectively--accounted for about three-fourths of the August
increase in this major group.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.1 percent in August.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1996
3-mos. ended ended
Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
Aug. '96 Aug '96
All Items
.2
.5
.4
.3
.1
.2
.1
1.3
2.9
Food and beverages .1
.5
.3
.1
.7
.4
.4
6.2
3.6
Housing
.1
.3
.3
.2
.1
.4
.2
2.7
2.9
Apparel and upkeep -.7
.6 -.2
.2 -.6
.0 -1.5
-8.2
-1.2
Transportation
.3
.9 1.1
.6 -.6 -.4 -.1
-4.4
2.7

Medical care
Entertainment
Other goods
and services
Special Indexes:
Energy
Food
All items less
food and energy

.2
.8

.2
.0

.3
-.1

.3
.4

.3
.3

.3
.0

.1
.3

2.8
2.3

3.3
3.3

.4

.3

.3

.4

.1

.4

.2

3.2

3.9

.2
.1

1.8
.6

3.3
.3

1.1 -2.0
.1
.8

-.9
.5

-.5
.3

-13.2
6.5

4.0
3.7

.2

.3

.1

.2

.1

1.7

2.5

.2

.1

Consumer Price Index data for September are scheduled for release
on Wednesday, October 16, 1996, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).

Changing the Hospital and Related Services Component of the Consumer
Price Index
Effective with the release of data for January 1997, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics (BLS) will introduce improvements in the way in which
the Hospital and related services component of the Consumer Price Index
(CPI) is calculated. Two complementary changes will be made:
Items within the hospital and related services
component will be reclassified into two main groups,
or item strata--Hospital services and Nursing home
services, instead of the current three--Hospital
rooms, Other inpatient services, and Hospital
outpatient services.
The definition of the specific items selected
for pricing within individual hospitals will be
broadened substantially. These newly defined items
will be reselected using new procedures in the
majority of the hospitals from which price data
currently are collected for the CPI.
Additional information on these changes was published in the June 1996
CPI Detailed Report and is available on the Internet. (Go to
gopher://stats.bls.gov and access /pub/special.requests/cpi/hospital.txt.)
This information may also be obtained by writing to the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes, 2 Massachusetts

Ave. NE, Room 3260, Washington, DC 20212, or by telephoning Elaine
Cardenas at (202) 606-6985 ext. 251.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
July
Aug.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 1996 fromAug. 1995 July 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMay to
June to
July to
June
July
Aug.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

157.0
470.4

157.3
471.1

2.9
-

0.2
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.332
15.766
9.880
1.473
2.936
1.169
1.936
2.365
.327
.248
.763
1.027
5.886
1.566

153.6
153.2
154.1
174.8
143.9
142.0
184.0
142.9
144.6
140.5
127.5
156.8
152.8
158.5

154.2
153.7
154.8
175.0
145.6
144.6
182.1
143.2
144.6
140.9
128.5
156.4
153.1
158.9

3.6
3.6
4.3
3.7
5.0
8.9
4.7
1.3
4.3
2.5
-2.1
2.8
2.5
2.8

.4
.3
.5
.1
1.2
1.8
-1.0
.2
.0
.3
.8
-.3
.2
.3

.7
.7
1.0
.1
1.5
1.5
2.0
.1
.5
.7
-.6
.6
.2
.2

.5
.5
.5
.2
.6
1.5
.5
.2
.5
-.6
-.1
.4
.3
.1

.3
.4
.5
.0
.9
2.0
-.3
-.1
-.2
.8
.5
-.5
.2
.3

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........

41.346
28.289
7.988
5.762
2.227
20.102
19.716
.386
.199

153.6
171.9
183.0
162.2
225.4
176.6
176.9
162.0
139.4

154.0
172.3
183.4
162.5
225.9
177.0
177.3
162.3
139.7

2.9
3.3
3.7
2.7
5.7
3.1
3.1
2.3
3.2

.3
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2

.1
.2
.2
.2
.0
.2
.1
.5
.0

.4
.5
.8
.3
2.1
.3
.3
.5
.4

.2
.1
.1
.1
-.1
.2
.1
.1
.2

Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

.122

146.3

147.1

4.8

.5

-.1

1.2

.5

.077
7.014
3.792

130.1
129.0
117.4

129.6
129.4
117.9

.6
2.9
2.9

-.4
.3
.4

.0
-.2
-.9

-.6
.5
.9

-.4
.4
.5

.356

92.3

92.2

6.5

-.1

-4.1

-1.6

.5

3.436

125.6

126.1

2.5

.4

-.5

1.1

.6

3.222
6.043
3.445
1.116
1.482

157.5
124.7
111.2
141.1
148.6

158.0
124.8
111.3
141.1
148.6

3.2
1.1
-.2
2.2
3.3

.3
.1
.1
.0
.0

.4
.1
.1
-.2
.3

-.1
.1
-.3
.4
.5

.3
.2
.3
.1
.0

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.516
4.967
1.303
2.195
.195
.732
.542
.550

128.3
124.5
125.1
118.5
125.7
125.6
151.5
159.9

128.1
124.2
126.2
118.1
125.1
124.7
149.3
160.3

-1.5
-2.0
1.4
-4.4
-2.3
.9
-3.9
1.9

-.2
-.2
.9
-.3
-.5
-.7
-1.5
.3

-.4
-.5
-.4
-.8
-1.0
.5
-.4
.2

-.1
-.1
-.2
.0
-2.6
-.1
.7
.1

-1.4
-1.5
.2
-2.7
-.5
-.6
-2.3
.3

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

16.953
15.430
5.027
4.015
1.342
2.908
1.535
4.618

143.5
140.5
143.2
141.0
156.9
108.9
108.8
158.1
173.5

142.8
139.9
142.9
140.7
156.6
106.4
106.1
158.6
174.1

2.6
2.6
2.1
2.0
-.3
5.2
5.0
2.7
2.2

-.5
-.4
-.2
-.2
-.2
-2.3
-2.5
.3
.3

-.4
-.6
.3
.4
-1.1
-3.6
-3.2
.2
.4

-.2
-.2
.2
.2
-.1
-1.9
-2.7
.3
.3

-.2
-.2
.1
.3
.0
-2.0
-2.0
.3
.5

.608

104.7

104.8

-.2

.1

.5

-.5

.1

4.010
1.523

189.7
182.7

190.4
181.4

2.5
2.4

.4
-.7

.4
2.0

.4
-.5

.5
-.1

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.362
1.282
6.081
3.465

228.7
211.0
232.9
208.7

229.2
211.1
233.4
209.2

3.4
3.1
3.5
3.6

.2
.0
.2
.2

.3
.4
.2
.1

.3
.0
.3
.4

.2
.2
.2
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.367
1.975
2.392

159.0
142.9
178.0

159.2
143.2
178.0

3.3
3.0
3.5

.1
.2
.0

.3
.2
.3

.1
.0
.2

.2
.1
.1

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.123
1.610
1.170

214.6
233.3
150.0

216.3
233.4
150.5

4.1
2.6
2.2

.8
.0
.3

.2
.1
-.5

.4
.4
.3

.3
.0
.3

.613
.557
4.342
.258
4.084

144.4
156.3
245.8
224.7
247.6

145.0
156.5
248.7
227.6
250.5

1.3
3.2
5.2
6.8
5.2

.4
.1
1.2
1.3
1.2

-1.0
.1
.4
.1
.4

.3
.3
.4
.3
.4

.4
.1
.5
1.2
.5

100.000
42.916
17.332
25.584
15.075
4.967

157.0
139.5
153.6
130.9
132.3
124.5

157.3
139.5
154.2
130.5
131.6
124.2

2.9
2.3
3.6
1.5
1.8
-2.0

.2
.0
.4
-.3
-.5
-.2

.1
-.1
.7
-.6
-1.0
-.5

.3
.1
.5
-.2
-.4
-.1

.1
-.1
.3
-.4
-.8
-1.5

10.108
10.509
57.084
27.671

139.3
129.1
174.8
178.9

138.5
128.9
175.3
179.3

3.7
.9
3.2
3.3

-.6
-.2
.3
.2

-1.2
.1
.2
.2

-.6
-.1
.5
.4

-.4
.1
.2
.3

8.681
7.068
6.081
7.583

143.9
180.3
232.9
200.6

144.4
180.6
233.4
201.9

2.9
2.6
3.5
4.2

.3
.2
.2
.6

-.1
.7
.2
.3

.5
.2
.3
.3

.3
.3
.2
.3

84.234
71.711
79.898
92.638
27.150
16.641
11.674
32.407
29.414
51.004

157.7
152.8
158.1
153.0
132.0
133.8
140.2
143.1
183.1
169.4

157.9
152.9
158.3
153.2
131.7
133.2
139.5
143.1
183.7
169.9

2.7
2.7
2.8
2.8
1.5
1.8
3.5
2.7
3.3
3.2

.1
.1
.1
.1
-.2
-.4
-.5
.0
.3
.3

.0
.1
.1
.1
-.5
-.9
-.8
-.1
.2
.2

.2
.2
.3
.3
-.2
-.4
-.6
.1
.4
.5

.1
.0
.0
.1
-.4
-.7
-.3
-.2
.3
.2

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........

Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

6.700
93.300
77.534

112.5
163.1
165.5

111.6
163.4
165.8

3.9
2.8
2.6

-.8
.2
.2

-2.2
.2
.2

-.4
.3
.3

-.6
.1
.1

23.885
3.264
53.648

140.3
107.2
179.9

140.3
105.0
180.4

1.0
5.3
3.3

.0
-2.1
.3

.0
-3.7
.3

.0
-2.0
.3

-.1
-1.6
.2

-

$.637
.213

$.636
.212

-2.8
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

-.2
-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
May
1996

June
1996

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Nov.
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedFeb.
May
Aug.
Feb.
Aug.
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................

152.4
152.0
152.4
173.8
141.6
137.8
182.2
142.6
143.1
139.8

153.4
153.1
154.0
173.9
143.7
139.9
185.9
142.8
143.8
140.8

154.1
153.8
154.8
174.3
144.5
142.0
186.9
143.1
144.5
139.9

154.6
154.4
155.5
174.3
145.8
144.8
186.3
143.0
144.2
141.0

2.1

3.2

4.5

1.8

2.6

3.1

2.7
2.7
3.3
4.4
7.7
3.7
-.4
-.3
2.3
3.5

1.6
1.3
.5
4.3
1.7
8.3
-6.8
.3
7.1
.6

4.0
4.0
5.1
5.0
-1.4
3.0
17.8
4.0
4.6
2.3

5.9
6.5
8.4
1.2
12.4
21.9
9.3
1.1
3.1
3.5

2.2
2.0
1.9
4.3
4.7
6.0
-3.7
.0
4.7
2.0

5.0
5.2
6.8
3.1
5.3
12.0
13.5
2.6
3.9
2.9

Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

129.2
155.3
152.0
158.0

128.4
156.2
152.3
158.3

128.3
156.8
152.8
158.5

129.0
156.0
153.1
158.9

-3.6
.5
2.2
2.1

-6.3
2.9
2.4
3.7

1.9
5.9
2.4
3.4

-.6
1.8
2.9
2.3

-4.9
1.7
2.3
2.9

.6
3.8
2.7
2.8

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

152.2
170.1
178.4
161.4
212.7
175.9
176.3
159.8
138.8
144.7
130.9
127.2
114.2

152.3
170.4
178.7
161.8
212.6
176.2
176.5
160.6
138.8
144.6
130.9
126.9
113.2

152.9
171.2
180.2
162.3
217.1
176.7
177.1
161.4
139.4
146.3
130.1
127.5
114.2

153.2
171.4
180.3
162.5
216.8
177.0
177.3
161.6
139.7
147.1
129.6
128.0
114.8

2.7
3.7
3.0
2.6
4.2
4.0
4.0
-1.0
2.4
4.3
-.3
.0
-1.1

3.2
3.4
4.2
3.0
6.9
2.8
3.0
2.8
2.4
3.4
.3
4.9
5.9

2.9
2.9
3.0
2.5
3.9
3.0
3.0
2.5
5.4
4.8
6.7
4.9
5.1

2.7
3.1
4.3
2.8
7.9
2.5
2.3
4.6
2.6
6.8
-3.9
2.5
2.1

3.0
3.5
3.6
2.8
5.5
3.4
3.5
.9
2.4
3.9
.0
2.4
2.3

2.8
3.0
3.6
2.6
5.9
2.8
2.6
3.6
4.0
5.8
1.2
3.7
3.6

99.4

95.3

93.8

94.3

-3.6

41.1

16.4

-19.0

16.7

-2.9

121.0
156.9
124.3
111.1
140.8
147.3

120.4
157.6
124.4
111.2
140.5
147.8

121.7
157.5
124.5
110.9
141.1
148.6

122.4
158.0
124.7
111.2
141.3
148.6

-.7
1.3
1.3
-1.1
4.7
3.9

2.7
3.4
1.3
1.1
1.4
1.9

3.7
5.3
.6
-1.1
1.7
3.6

4.7
2.8
1.3
.4
1.4
3.6

1.0
2.4
1.3
.0
3.1
2.9

4.2
4.0
1.0
-.4
1.6
3.6

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.3
128.7
128.2
125.5
130.4
126.7
151.3
159.4

131.8
128.1
127.7
124.5
129.1
127.3
150.7
159.7

131.7
128.0
127.4
124.5
125.7
127.2
151.8
159.9

129.9
126.1
127.6
121.1
125.1
126.4
148.3
160.3

.3
.3
.3
1.0
5.4
1.6
-6.3
-.3

-.6
-.9
5.2
-4.9
15.3
1.6
-5.2
3.3

1.2
.9
1.9
.6
-11.4
1.0
4.1
2.3

-7.1
-7.8
-1.9
-13.3
-15.3
-.9
-7.7
2.3

-.2
-.3
2.7
-2.0
10.3
1.6
-5.7
1.5

-3.0
-3.6
.0
-6.6
-13.4
.0
-2.0
2.3

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................

144.3
141.6
143.2
140.8
157.6
112.8
112.5
157.5

143.7
140.7
143.7
141.4
155.9
108.7
108.9
157.8

143.4
140.4
144.0
141.7
155.7
106.6
106.0
158.2

143.1
140.1
144.2
142.1
155.7
104.5
103.9
158.6

-1.7
-1.7
1.7
1.7
1.0
-14.8
-14.1
2.6

5.3
6.3
1.7
1.7
9.0
25.6
24.7
2.6

10.6
10.5
2.0
1.1
-5.4
55.6
56.4
2.3

-3.3
-4.2
2.8
3.7
-4.7
-26.3
-27.2
2.8

1.7
2.2
1.7
1.7
4.9
3.5
3.5
2.6

3.4
2.9
2.4
2.4
-5.1
7.1
6.7
2.6

Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

172.9

173.6

174.1

174.9

2.1

.7

1.4

4.7

1.4

3.0

104.9

105.4

104.9

105.0

-.8

.4

-.8

.4

-.2

-.2

189.1
180.8

189.9
184.4

190.6
183.5

191.5
183.4

2.4
-2.9

.9
-5.7

1.7
13.4

5.2
5.9

1.6
-4.3

3.4
9.6

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

227.7
209.9
231.6
207.5

228.3
210.7
232.1
207.7

228.9
210.7
232.9
208.5

229.4
211.1
233.4
209.2

3.7
3.4
3.8
3.8

3.6
3.5
3.7
3.6

3.4
3.5
3.3
3.7

3.0
2.3
3.1
3.3

3.6
3.5
3.8
3.7

3.2
2.9
3.2
3.5

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

158.8
142.8
177.6

159.2
143.1
178.2

159.3
143.1
178.5

159.6
143.3
178.7

3.7
3.8
3.8

5.8
6.1
5.6

1.8
.8
2.3

2.0
1.4
2.5

4.7
4.9
4.7

1.9
1.1
2.4

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

215.5
231.9
150.3

215.9
232.2
149.6

216.8
233.1
150.0

217.5
233.0
150.5

4.7
4.8
4.4

3.6
-.5
1.1

4.6
4.4
2.7

3.8
1.9
.5

4.2
2.1
2.7

4.2
3.2
1.6

145.3
155.8
246.8
225.4
248.3

143.9
155.9
247.8
225.6
249.3

144.4
156.3
248.8
226.2
250.4

145.0
156.5
250.1
229.0
251.6

4.5
4.8
4.4
8.9
4.2

-1.9
4.5
6.0
7.3
5.7

3.4
1.6
5.2
4.6
5.3

-.8
1.8
5.5
6.5
5.4

1.3
4.7
5.2
8.1
5.0

1.3
1.7
5.3
5.5
5.4

140.0
152.4
132.5
134.7
128.7

139.9
153.4
131.7
133.3
128.1

140.0
154.1
131.4
132.8
128.0

139.8
154.6
130.9
131.8
126.1

2.1
.9
2.7
-.3
-.9
.3

3.2
3.3
1.6
4.4
7.3
-.9

4.5
5.6
4.0
6.9
10.1
.9

1.8
-.6
5.9
-4.7
-8.3
-7.8

2.6
2.1
2.2
2.0
3.1
-.3

3.1
2.5
5.0
.9
.5
-3.6

141.0
129.2
173.5
177.3

139.3
129.3
173.9
177.6

138.4
129.2
174.7
178.3

137.8
129.3
175.0
178.8

-2.7
1.3
2.9
3.5

12.0
2.2
3.3
3.2

16.2
.0
3.3
3.0

-8.8
.3
3.5
3.4

4.4
1.7
3.1
3.4

3.0
.2
3.4
3.2

141.8
179.4
231.6
201.2

141.7
180.7
232.1
201.9

142.4
181.0
232.9
202.5

142.8
181.6
233.4
203.2

1.2
1.1
3.8
3.7

2.3
-.2
3.7
5.6

5.2
4.4
3.3
3.7

2.9
5.0
3.1
4.0

1.7
.5
3.8
4.7

4.0
4.7
3.2
3.8

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

157.4
152.7
157.7
152.5
133.6
136.0
141.3
143.7
181.8
168.0
112.7
162.7
165.3

157.4
152.8
157.9
152.6
132.9
134.8
140.1
143.6
182.2
168.3
110.2
163.1
165.6

157.7
153.1
158.3
153.0
132.6
134.3
139.2
143.7
182.9
169.1
109.8
163.6
166.1

157.8
153.1
158.3
153.1
132.1
133.4
138.8
143.4
183.5
169.4
109.1
163.8
166.2

1.8
1.6
1.6
1.9
-.3
-.9
-.9
.9
2.5
2.7
-7.4
2.8
2.7

3.7
3.0
3.1
3.2
4.4
7.2
8.9
4.4
3.2
3.2
14.3
2.5
2.7

4.4
5.1
4.7
4.6
6.5
9.7
13.8
6.7
3.6
3.4
25.4
3.0
2.7

1.0
1.1
1.5
1.6
-4.4
-7.4
-6.9
-.8
3.8
3.4
-12.2
2.7
2.2

2.8
2.3
2.3
2.6
2.0
3.1
3.9
2.6
2.8
2.9
2.9
2.7
2.7

2.7
3.1
3.1
3.1
.9
.8
2.9
2.8
3.7
3.4
4.9
2.9
2.5

141.2
111.4
178.8

141.2
107.3
179.4

141.2
105.2
180.0

141.0
103.5
180.4

1.7
-13.5
3.2

1.7
26.8
3.0

1.1
51.0
3.4

-.6
-25.5
3.6

1.7
4.7
3.1

.3
6.1
3.5

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
July
Aug.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 1996 fromAug. 1995 July 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMay to
June to
July to
June
July
Aug.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

154.3
459.7

154.5
460.2

2.9
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

0.2
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .......................

19.262

153.1

153.7

3.6

.4

.7

.4

.4

Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.581
11.206
1.682
3.453
1.300
2.052
2.719
.369
.285
.885
1.180
6.374
1.681

152.8
153.3
174.5
143.6
141.9
183.4
142.6
144.6
140.2
127.1
156.6
152.7
157.8

153.4
154.1
174.8
145.3
144.3
181.8
142.8
144.5
140.6
128.0
156.3
153.1
158.2

3.7
4.3
3.7
5.1
8.9
4.8
1.4
4.3
2.3
-2.0
2.9
2.6
2.9

.4
.5
.2
1.2
1.7
-.9
.1
-.1
.3
.7
-.2
.3
.3

.8
1.0
.1
1.4
1.5
1.9
.2
.4
.9
-.6
.6
.2
.2

.5
.6
.2
.7
1.5
.6
.2
.5
-.8
-.1
.4
.3
.1

.3
.5
.1
.9
1.7
-.2
.0
-.1
.8
.5
-.4
.3
.3

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

38.888
25.976
8.091
6.616
1.475
17.695
17.366
.329
.189
.105

150.4
166.9
159.1
161.9
226.0
161.0
161.3
147.8
137.9
148.2

150.7
167.3
159.4
162.2
226.5
161.4
161.7
148.0
138.0
149.0

2.9
3.2
3.4
2.8
5.7
3.1
3.1
1.6
2.3
4.2

.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.1
.1
.5

.1
.2
.3
.2
.3
.2
.1
.2
.0
-.1

.4
.4
.6
.3
1.7
.3
.3
.5
.3
1.0

.2
.1
.1
.1
-.1
.1
.2
.0
.1
.5

.085
7.247
3.887

124.8
128.7
117.0

124.1
129.2
117.5

.0
3.1
3.1

-.6
.4
.4

.1
-.2
-.8

-.6
.4
.9

-.6
.5
.5

.327

92.1

92.1

6.5

.0

-3.9

-1.5

.5

3.560

125.1

125.7

2.7

.5

-.5

1.1

.6

3.360
5.666
3.367
1.149
1.150

158.0
123.2
109.8
141.6
151.1

158.5
123.3
110.0
141.8
151.2

3.3
.9
-.2
2.5
2.9

.3
.1
.2
.1
.1

.4
.2
.2
-.2
.3

-.1
.1
-.2
.5
.5

.3
.2
.2
.2
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................

5.533
5.017
1.310
2.148
.251
.812

127.9
124.3
124.7
118.1
126.8
126.8

127.5
123.8
125.7
117.4
126.7
126.1

-1.2
-1.6
1.2
-3.7
-1.9
1.4

-.3
-.4
.8
-.6
-.1
-.6

-.6
-.7
-.6
-1.0
-1.1
.5

.0
.0
-.2
.1
-2.5
.2

-1.5
-1.6
.1
-2.9
-.1
-.4

Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

.495
.516

150.9
159.3

147.8
159.6

-3.8
1.7

-2.1
.2

-.8
.1

.9
.2

-3.7
.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

19.020
17.847
4.958
3.591
2.432
3.584
1.619
5.255

143.3
141.1
144.3
140.6
158.1
108.8
108.7
158.9
169.2

142.6
140.5
144.0
140.3
157.8
106.3
106.0
159.6
169.7

2.7
2.6
2.2
2.0
-.1
5.2
5.0
2.8
2.2

-.5
-.4
-.2
-.2
-.2
-2.3
-2.5
.4
.3

-.6
-.6
.3
.4
-1.1
-3.2
-3.2
.3
.4

-.4
-.4
.2
.3
-.3
-2.7
-2.5
.2
.4

-.1
-.1
.2
.3
-.1
-1.7
-1.9
.4
.5

.767

103.8

104.0

-.2

.2

.5

-.5

.2

4.488
1.173

185.7
180.6

186.3
179.4

2.6
3.9

.3
-.7

.3
1.2

.5
-.6

.5
.0

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.262
1.055
5.208
2.965

228.2
208.5
232.6
209.9

228.5
208.5
233.1
210.4

3.3
2.9
3.5
3.5

.1
.0
.2
.2

.3
.4
.3
.1

.3
.2
.3
.4

.1
-.1
.2
.2

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.029
2.053
1.976

156.7
141.8
178.2

157.0
142.2
178.3

3.3
2.9
3.7

.2
.3
.1

.3
.1
.4

.0
-.1
.2

.3
.3
.2

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.006
2.135
1.132

211.6
233.2
150.0

213.0
233.0
150.4

3.9
2.5
2.0

.7
-.1
.3

.1
.1
-.5

.4
.4
.3

.2
-.2
.3

.635
.497
3.739
.227
3.512

145.0
156.2
241.4
225.5
242.9

145.6
156.5
244.2
228.8
245.7

1.3
3.2
5.3
6.9
5.2

.4
.2
1.2
1.5
1.2

-1.0
.1
.4
.1
.4

.3
.1
.5
.2
.5

.4
.2
.5
1.5
.4

100.000
47.052
19.262
27.790
16.074
5.017

154.3
139.7
153.1
131.4
132.4
124.3

154.5
139.6
153.7
130.9
131.6
123.8

2.9
2.4
3.6
1.6
2.1
-1.6

.1
-.1
.4
-.4
-.6
-.4

.1
-.1
.7
-.6
-1.0
-.7

.2
.0
.4
-.3
-.4
.0

.1
-.1
.4
-.5
-.8
-1.6

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................

Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

11.057
11.716
52.948
25.430

139.2
129.0
172.0
160.6

138.2
128.9
172.5
161.0

3.6
.9
3.3
3.2

-.7
-.1
.3
.2

-1.2
.0
.2
.3

-.7
.0
.4
.4

-.5
.0
.2
.2

8.531
7.279
5.208
6.501

132.3
178.1
232.6
197.4

132.7
178.4
233.1
198.7

2.9
2.9
3.5
4.2

.3
.2
.2
.7

-.1
.5
.3
.4

.5
.3
.3
.4

.4
.4
.2
.3

82.419
74.024
82.305
93.738
29.471
17.756
12.739
35.336
27.518
47.740
7.470
92.530
74.949

154.5
151.0
145.0
150.8
132.4
133.8
140.0
143.1
163.3
166.8
112.2
160.3
162.2

154.6
151.2
145.1
151.0
132.0
133.1
139.2
143.0
163.8
167.3
111.1
160.6
162.5

2.7
2.8
2.8
2.8
1.6
2.1
3.5
3.0
3.3
3.2
4.0
2.8
2.5

.1
.1
.1
.1
-.3
-.5
-.6
-.1
.3
.3
-1.0
.2
.2

-.1
.1
.0
.1
-.6
-.9
-1.0
-.1
.2
.2
-2.0
.3
.1

.1
.1
.2
.2
-.3
-.4
-.7
.0
.5
.5
-.9
.2
.2

.0
.1
.1
.1
-.5
-.6
-.3
-.1
.2
.2
-.5
.1
.1

25.560
3.911
49.388

140.1
107.6
177.2

140.0
105.3
177.7

1.0
5.3
3.3

-.1
-2.1
.3

-.1
-3.2
.2

.1
-2.6
.3

-.2
-1.5
.2

-

$.648
.218

$.647
.217

-2.9
-

-.2
-

.0

-.2
-

-.2
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

-

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
May
1996

June
1996

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Nov.
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedFeb.
May
Aug.
Feb.
Aug.
1996
1996
1996
1996
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

2.1

3.2

4.8

1.3

2.7

3.0

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

151.9
151.4
151.6
173.5
141.2
137.7
181.8
142.1
143.1
139.4
128.7
154.9
152.0
157.3

153.0
152.6
153.1
173.7
143.2
139.8
185.2
142.4
143.7
140.7
127.9
155.9
152.3
157.6

153.6
153.3
154.0
174.0
144.2
141.9
186.3
142.7
144.4
139.6
127.8
156.6
152.7
157.8

154.2
153.8
154.7
174.1
145.5
144.3
186.0
142.7
144.2
140.7
128.5
155.9
153.1
158.2

3.0
3.0
3.3
4.4
7.4
4.3
-.2
.0
2.0
3.5
-2.4
.3
2.4
2.6

1.6
1.6
.8
4.3
1.7
8.0
-7.4
.3
6.8
.6
-6.9
3.7
2.4
3.1

3.8
3.8
4.9
5.0
-1.4
3.6
18.6
3.7
5.2
1.4
2.2
5.1
2.7
3.1

6.2
6.5
8.4
1.4
12.7
20.6
9.6
1.7
3.1
3.8
-.6
2.6
2.9
2.3

2.3
2.3
2.0
4.3
4.5
6.1
-3.9
.1
4.4
2.0
-4.7
2.0
2.4
2.9

5.0
5.1
6.6
3.2
5.4
11.8
14.0
2.7
4.1
2.6
.8
3.8
2.8
2.7

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................

149.0
165.5
156.2
161.1
212.9
160.4
160.7
146.4
137.5
146.8
125.5
126.8
113.4

149.1
165.8
156.6
161.5
213.6
160.7
160.9
146.7
137.5
146.7
125.6
126.5
112.5

149.7
166.5
157.6
162.0
217.3
161.2
161.4
147.4
137.9
148.2
124.8
127.0
113.5

150.0
166.7
157.7
162.2
217.0
161.4
161.7
147.4
138.0
149.0
124.1
127.6
114.1

2.5
3.5
2.9
2.6
3.8
3.9
4.1
-.3
2.1
4.3
-.6
.3
-.7

3.0
3.0
4.0
3.3
7.3
2.6
2.5
2.5
.3
1.4
-.3
4.3
5.5

3.3
3.2
2.9
2.5
4.0
3.3
3.3
1.4
5.4
5.1
5.6
5.5
5.1

2.7
2.9
3.9
2.8
7.9
2.5
2.5
2.8
1.5
6.1
-4.4
2.5
2.5

2.8
3.2
3.4
2.9
5.5
3.2
3.3
1.1
1.2
2.8
-.5
2.3
2.4

3.0
3.1
3.4
2.6
6.0
2.9
2.9
2.1
3.4
5.6
.5
4.0
3.8

98.9

95.0

93.6

94.1

-3.6

41.2

14.5

-18.0

16.7

-3.1

120.4

119.8

121.1

121.8

-.3

2.4

4.4

4.7

1.0

4.6

Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

157.5
122.8
109.7
141.2
150.1

158.2
123.0
109.9
140.9
150.6

158.0
123.1
109.7
141.6
151.4

158.5
123.3
109.9
141.9
151.5

1.3
1.0
-1.1
4.1
4.1

3.7
1.0
.7
2.6
1.1

5.5
.3
-1.1
1.4
3.0

2.6
1.6
.7
2.0
3.8

2.5
1.0
-.2
3.4
2.6

4.0
1.0
-.2
1.7
3.4

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.8
128.7
128.0
125.3
131.5
127.5
151.4
158.8

131.0
127.8
127.2
124.0
130.1
128.1
150.2
159.0

131.0
127.8
127.0
124.1
126.8
128.4
151.5
159.3

129.0
125.7
127.1
120.5
126.7
127.9
145.9
159.6

.6
.6
.3
1.0
5.7
2.6
-3.6
-.8

.6
.3
5.5
-2.5
14.1
.0
-7.2
3.4

2.5
2.5
2.2
2.3
-10.8
1.9
10.7
2.3

-8.2
-9.0
-2.8
-14.5
-13.8
1.3
-13.8
2.0

.6
.5
2.9
-.8
9.8
1.3
-5.5
1.3

-3.0
-3.4
-.3
-6.5
-12.3
1.6
-2.3
2.2

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

144.1
142.2
144.2
140.4
158.9
112.6
112.2
158.3
168.7

143.3
141.3
144.7
140.9
157.2
109.0
108.6
158.8
169.3

142.7
140.7
145.0
141.3
156.8
106.1
105.9
159.1
170.0

142.5
140.5
145.3
141.7
156.7
104.3
103.9
159.7
170.8

-1.4
-1.7
1.7
1.4
1.0
-14.1
-14.9
2.9
2.2

6.2
6.6
2.0
2.0
9.7
23.6
25.2
2.8
.0

10.6
10.8
2.0
.9
-5.1
56.3
54.7
1.8
1.9

-4.4
-4.7
3.1
3.8
-5.4
-26.4
-26.5
3.6
5.1

2.3
2.3
1.8
1.7
5.3
3.0
3.3
2.9
1.1

2.9
2.8
2.5
2.3
-5.3
7.3
6.7
2.7
3.5

104.0

104.5

104.0

104.2

-.4

.4

-1.5

.8

.0

-.4

185.1
178.8

185.6
181.0

186.6
180.0

187.6
180.0

2.7
2.1

.0
-.9

2.6
12.3

5.5
2.7

1.3
.6

4.1
7.4

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

227.0
207.1
231.3
208.6

227.6
208.0
231.9
208.8

228.3
208.5
232.6
209.7

228.6
208.3
233.1
210.1

3.7
3.0
3.8
3.6

3.6
3.4
3.7
4.2

3.4
2.8
3.4
3.1

2.8
2.3
3.1
2.9

3.7
3.2
3.8
3.9

3.1
2.5
3.3
3.0

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

156.4
141.7
177.7

156.9
141.9
178.4

156.9
141.8
178.7

157.3
142.2
179.0

3.5
3.5
3.3

6.1
6.5
5.9

1.3
.3
2.7

2.3
1.4
3.0

4.8
5.0
4.6

1.8
.8
2.9

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............

211.9
231.9
150.3

212.2
232.1
149.6

213.1
233.0
150.0

213.6
232.5
150.4

5.2
5.0
4.4

2.9
-.7
.5

4.3
4.4
3.0

3.2
1.0
.3

4.0
2.1
2.5

3.8
2.7
1.6

146.0
155.8

144.6
156.0

145.0
156.2

145.6
156.5

4.5
4.8

-2.2
4.2

3.9
1.8

-1.1
1.8

1.1
4.5

1.4
1.8

Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

241.8
226.2
243.2

242.8
226.4
244.2

243.9
226.8
245.4

245.0
230.2
246.4

5.3
9.6
5.0

5.9
7.3
5.7

4.6
3.6
4.7

5.4
7.3
5.4

5.6
8.4
5.4

5.0
5.4
5.1

140.1
151.9
132.8
134.8
128.7

140.0
153.0
132.0
133.4
127.8

140.0
153.6
131.6
132.8
127.8

139.8
154.2
131.0
131.7
125.7

2.1
.9
3.0
-.6
-2.2
.6

3.2
3.6
1.6
5.4
9.0
.3

4.8
5.9
3.8
7.2
11.8
2.5

1.3
-.9
6.2
-5.3
-8.9
-9.0

2.7
2.2
2.3
2.3
3.3
.5

3.0
2.5
5.0
.8
.9
-3.4

140.8
129.1
170.7
159.4

139.1
129.1
171.1
159.8

138.1
129.1
171.8
160.4

137.4
129.1
172.2
160.7

-3.3
.6
3.2
3.4

12.7
3.5
2.9
3.4

16.6
-.9
3.6
3.1

-9.3
.0
3.6
3.3

4.4
2.0
3.0
3.4

2.8
-.5
3.6
3.2

130.3
177.3
231.3
197.8

130.2
178.1
231.9
198.5

130.8
178.6
232.6
199.2

131.3
179.3
233.1
199.8

1.3
2.5
3.8
4.0

2.5
.5
3.7
5.5

5.1
4.2
3.4
3.7

3.1
4.6
3.1
4.1

1.9
1.5
3.8
4.8

4.1
4.4
3.3
3.9

154.2
150.9
144.7
150.4
134.0
135.9
141.3
143.4
162.0
165.5
112.6
159.9
162.2

154.1
151.0
144.7
150.5
133.2
134.7
139.9
143.3
162.3
165.8
110.3
160.3
162.4

154.3
151.2
145.0
150.8
132.8
134.1
138.9
143.3
163.1
166.6
109.3
160.7
162.8

154.3
151.3
145.1
150.9
132.2
133.3
138.5
143.2
163.5
167.0
108.7
160.9
162.9

1.9
1.6
1.7
2.2
-.3
-1.8
-2.1
.9
2.8
3.0
-7.1
2.8
2.8

3.8
3.3
3.4
3.3
5.0
8.2
10.3
5.0
2.8
2.7
13.9
2.6
2.8

4.8
5.2
5.1
4.7
7.2
10.7
15.2
6.7
3.8
3.7
27.8
3.1
2.8

.3
1.1
1.1
1.3
-5.3
-7.4
-7.7
-.6
3.8
3.7
-13.2
2.5
1.7

2.8
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.3
3.1
3.9
2.9
2.8
2.9
2.9
2.7
2.8

2.5
3.1
3.1
3.0
.8
1.2
3.1
3.0
3.8
3.7
5.4
2.8
2.2

141.0
111.6
176.5

140.8
108.0
176.9

140.9
105.2
177.5

140.6
103.6
177.9

1.7
-13.5
3.3

2.3
25.2
3.0

1.1
52.1
3.7

-1.1
-25.7
3.2

2.0
4.1
3.2

.0
6.3
3.5

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Aug. 1996 fromAug.
June
July
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
July 1996 fromJuly
May
June
1995
1996
1996

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

156.6

156.7

157.0

157.3

2.9

0.4

0.2

3.0

0.3

0.2

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

163.0
163.6
161.0
160.9

163.1
163.8
160.9
161.0

163.4
164.1
161.8
161.5

164.0
164.7
162.2
161.8

2.7
2.7
2.7
2.1

.6
.5
.8
.5

.4
.4
.2
.2

2.6
2.7
2.7
2.3

.2
.3
.5
.4

.2
.2
.6
.3

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

152.7
153.2
151.6
154.7

152.9
153.5
152.0
154.1

153.2
153.7
152.4
154.6

153.4
154.0
152.8
154.7

3.0
2.8
3.4
3.2

.3
.3
.5
.4

.1
.2
.3
.1

3.0
2.8
3.0
3.3

.3
.3
.5
-.1

.2
.1
.3
.3

M

149.2

149.8

150.4

150.4

3.2

.4

.0

3.0

.8

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

153.5
152.7
155.9
153.2

154.0
153.2
156.3
153.8

154.0
153.2
156.7
153.7

154.1
153.1
156.9
154.0

2.9
2.5
3.2
3.1

.1
-.1
.4
.1

.1
-.1
.1
.2

3.2
3.0
3.4
3.6

.3
.3
.5
.3

.0
.0
.3
-.1

M

152.9

153.0

152.5

152.6

3.2

-.3

.1

3.0

-.3

-.3

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

157.6
157.6
162.4

157.5
157.3
162.4

157.9
158.0
162.4

158.0
158.1
162.6

2.8
2.6
3.6

.3
.5
.1

.1
.1
.1

2.9
2.6
3.6

.2
.3
.0

.3
.4
.0

May
1996

June
1996

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Region and area size 2/

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

141.3
156.6
156.4
153.5

141.4
156.9
156.5
153.7

141.7
157.4
156.8
153.7

141.9
157.6
157.0
154.0

2.7
3.1
3.0
3.5

.4
.4
.3
.2

.1
.1
.1
.2

2.8
3.1
3.3
3.1

.3
.5
.3
.1

.2
.3
.2
.0

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

156.9
157.5
166.4
161.8
155.1

157.6
156.7
166.5
162.3
155.2

157.7
157.6
166.7
162.8
155.9

158.1
157.3
167.2
163.6
155.6

2.8
1.9
2.7
2.5
2.7

.3
.4
.4
.8
.3

.3
-.2
.3
.5
-.2

2.7
2.0
2.7
2.5
2.9

.5
.1
.2
.6
.5

.1
.6
.1
.3
.5

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

153.9
161.8
151.8
152.6
148.1
159.0

2.8
2.7
2.7
2.8
3.0
2.6

1.2
.1
.2
-.1
1.2
.7

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

-

149.4
151.9
142.8
153.2

155.7
162.0
152.1
152.4
149.9
160.1
-

149.5
152.7
142.8
153.6

3.0
2.6
1.9
2.3

-

.1
.5
.0
.3

-

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

-

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Aug. 1996 fromAug.
June
July
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
July 1996 fromJuly
May
June
1995
1996
1996

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

154.0

154.1

154.3

154.5

2.9

0.3

0.1

2.9

0.2

0.1

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

160.6
160.2
158.9
162.7

160.6
160.4
158.7
162.5

160.9
160.5
159.7
162.9

161.4
161.0
160.0
163.2

2.7
2.7
2.8
2.1

.5
.4
.8
.4

.3
.3
.2
.2

2.7
2.8
2.8
2.3

.2
.2
.5
.1

.2
.1
.6
.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

149.4
149.3
147.8
152.1

149.5
149.6
148.0
151.5

149.8
149.7
148.3
151.9

149.9
149.9
148.7
151.9

3.0
2.8
3.3
3.1

.3
.2
.5
.3

.1
.1
.3
.0

3.0
2.8
2.9
3.3

.3
.3
.3
-.1

.2
.1
.2
.3

M

147.3

148.0

148.5

148.5

3.1

.3

.0

3.0

.8

.3

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

152.1
151.0
152.3
153.1

152.6
151.6
152.6
153.7

152.6
151.6
152.9
153.6

152.7
151.4
153.1
153.9

3.0
2.6
3.2
3.0

.1
-.1
.3
.1

.1
-.1
.1
.2

3.2
3.0
3.4
3.4

.3
.4
.4
.3

.0
.0
.2
-.1

M

153.5

153.6

152.8

153.1

3.2

-.3

.2

3.0

-.5

-.5

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

154.7
153.2
159.4

154.5
152.9
159.2

154.9
153.4
159.3

154.9
153.4
159.5

2.8
2.5
3.6

.3
.3
.2

.0
.0
.1

2.9
2.6
3.6

.1
.1
-.1

.3
.3
.1

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

140.4
153.8
155.7
152.8

140.6
154.0
155.7
153.1

140.8
154.4
155.8
153.0

140.9
154.6
156.0
153.3

2.7
3.1
3.0
3.4

.2
.4
.2
.1

.1
.1
.1
.2

2.8
3.1
3.2
3.1

.3
.4
.1
.1

.1
.3
.1
-.1

May
1996

June
1996

July
1996

Aug.
1996

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

151.9
152.3
162.8
161.3
153.0

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

152.8
160.8
144.0
151.0
147.4
156.7

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

-

152.6
151.5
162.8
161.7
152.9
149.6
147.1
142.2
146.9

152.7
152.3
162.8
162.1
153.4
154.6
160.9
144.3
150.8
149.0
157.6
-

152.9
151.9
163.3
163.0
153.0
149.5
148.0
142.2
147.2

2.8
1.8
2.8
2.4
2.5
3.2
2.8
1.7
2.4

.2
.3
.3
.8
.1
-

.1
-.3
.3
.6
-.3
-

-.1
.6
.0
.2

-

2.7
2.0
2.8
2.3
2.7

.5
.0
.0
.5
.3

2.7
2.7
2.9
2.9
2.6
2.7

1.2
.1
.2
-.1
1.1
.6

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

.1
.5
.0
.2
.3
-