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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI Quickline:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902

USDL-94-448
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Tuesday, September 13, 1994

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX--AUGUST 1994
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose
0.4 percent before seasonal adjustment in August to a level of
149.0 (1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.
Department of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended
in August, the CPI-U increased 2.9 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) increased 0.5 percent in August, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The August 1994 CPI-W level of 146.5 was 2.9 percent
higher than the index in August 1993.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
___________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.3 percent in
August, the same as in each of the 2 preceding months. The food
and energy indexes rose again in August, but by less than in July.
Coffee prices advanced sharply for the second consecutive month--up
22 percent in August--and accounted for over four-fifths of the 0.4
percent rise in the food index. The 1.4 percent rise in energy
costs was due almost entirely to a sharp rise in gasoline prices.
The CPI-U excluding food and energy rose 0.3 percent in August,
following a 0.2 percent increase in July.
Table A.

Percent Changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)

____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.|Aug. 94|Aug94
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .3
.3
.1
.2
.3
.3
.3 | 3.8 | 2.9
Food and beverages| -.3
.1
.1
.3
.3
.5
.3 | 4.5 | 2.7
Housing
| .4
.3
.0
.2
.1
.2
.3 | 2.5 | 2.5
Apparel and upkeep| -.3
.4 -.3
.4
.6 -.4 -1.0 | -3.2 | -.6
Transportation
| .5
.6
.3 -.4
.6 1.0 1.0 | 11.0 | 4.4
Medical care
| .3
.2
.6
.4
.4
.4
.4 | 4.8 | 4.6
Entertainment
| .4
.3 -.1
.3 -.1
.3
.0 |
.8 | 3.0
Other goods & serv| .3
.4
.7
.6
.4
.4
.2 | 3.9 | 3.1
Special indexes: |
Energy
| 1.6
.4 -.4 -1.0
.1 1.8 1.4 | 14.3 | 3.1
Food
| -.3
.1
.1
.3
.3
.5
.4 | 4.8 | 2.8
AI - food & energy| .3
.3
.2
.3
.3
.2
.3 | 2.8 | 2.9
____________________________________________________________________
During the first 8 months of 1994, the CPI-U rose at a 2.9
seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with an
increase of 2.7 percent in all of 1993. The food index increased
at an annual rate of 2.0 percent and energy costs at a 4.8 percent
rate. The year-to-date annual rate for the index for all items
less food and energy thus far in 1994 was 2.9 percent. This
follows a 3.2 percent increase in all of 1993 and continues the
moderating pattern evident in this component since 1990.
The food and beverage index rose 0.3 percent in August.
Grocery store food prices increased 0.6 percent, following a 0.8
percent advance in July. Over 90 percent of the August advance was
the result of another sharp increase in coffee prices, which rose
22.0 percent in August after increasing a record 22.4 percent in
July.
The index for fruits and vegetables continued to advance,
but by substantially less than in recent months. This index rose
0.3 percent in August, following an increase of 6.5 percent in the
preceding 3-month period. The index for fresh fruits rose 3.4
percent, more than offsetting declines in the indexes for fresh
vegetables and for processed fruits and vegetables. Partially

offsetting the moderation in the fruit and vegetable index was an
upturn in the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. Meat
prices, which had declined in each of the 3 preceding months, rose
0.4 percent in August. The indexes for beef and pork each rose 0.4
percent, while poultry prices fell 1.7 percent. The index for
cereal and bakery products increased 0.4 percent, while the index
for dairy products declined for the third consecutive month--down
0.8 percent in August. The other two components of the food and
beverage index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--rose 0.1
percent and fell 0.2 percent, respectively.
The housing component, which rose 0.2 percent in July,
increased 0.3 percent in August. Shelter costs increased 0.4
percent, following a 0.3 percent rise in July. Within shelter,
renters' costs increased 0.5 percent and homeowners' costs, 0.4
percent, while maintenance and repair costs fell 0.1 percent. The
index for fuel and other utilities rose 0.2 percent in August, the
same as in July. The index for household fuels rose 0.2 percent,
as increases in the indexes for fuel oil and electricity--up 0.1
and 0.3 percent, respectively, more than offset a 0.1 percent
decline in the index for natural gas. The index for other
utilities and public services increased 0.1 percent in August.
Within that group, small increases in charges for telephone
services, water and sewerage maintenance, and refuse collection
were partially offset by a decline in charges for cable television.
The latter index fell 0.6 percent in August and last registered a
monthly increase in February. The index for household furnishings
and operation increased 0.2 percent in August, following no change
in July.
Transportation costs rose 1.0 percent in August, the same as in
July, largely as a result of another sharp increase in the index
for motor fuels.
The index for gasoline rose 3.7 percent in
August and has increased 7.8 percent in the past 3 months.
Increases in automobile purchase costs and public transportation
costs also contributed to the August transportation advance. The
index for new vehicles rose 0.3 percent in August and has advanced
at a 4.6 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate thus far in 1994.
Automobile finance charges continued to increase, albeit by
substantially less than in recent months. This index rose 0.5
percent in August after advancing 11.7 percent in the preceding 4
months. The index for used cars rose 0.8 percent. The index for
public transportation increased 1.8 percent, principally reflecting
a 2.3 percent rise in airline fares.

The index for apparel and upkeep declined for the second
consecutive month, down 1.0 percent in August after falling 0.4
percent in July. The August decline reflects end-of-season sales
of spring-summer wear, coupled with smaller than usual price
increases on newly introduced fall-winter wear. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, prices for apparel and upkeep rose 0.2 percent in
August, following declines in each of the 3 preceding months.)
Medical care costs rose 0.4 percent in August, the same as in
each of the 3 preceding months, to a level 4.6 percent above a year
earlier. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--rose 0.3
percent in August. The index for medical care services rose 0.4
percent in August. Charges for professional services and hospital
and related services each increased 0.4 percent.
The entertainment index was unchanged in August, following a
0.3 percent increase in July. Declines in fees for participant
sports and club memberships and in prices for sporting goods and
equipment offset small price increases in the indexes for reading
materials, for admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and
sporting events, and for fees for lessons or instructions.
The index for other goods and services rose 0.2 percent in
August after advancing 0.4 percent in July. Smaller increases in
the indexes for tobacco and smoking products and for personal and
educational expenses--up 0.1 and 0.3 percent, respectively, in
August--were responsible for the moderation.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
_______________________________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners
and Clerical Workers rose 0.4 percent in August.
Table B.

Percent Changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
| ended |ended

|___________________________________|
|
| Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.|Aug. 94|Aug94
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .2
.3
.1
.1
.3
.4
.4 | 4.5 | 2.9
Food and beverages| -.3
.1
.1
.3
.2
.5
.4 | 4.5 | 2.6
Housing
| .5
.3
.0
.1
.1
.1
.4 | 2.6 | 2.5
Apparel and upkeep| -.2
.2 -.4
.5
.5 -.2 -.9 | -2.4 | -.2
Transportation
| .5
.5
.3 -.2
.6 1.1 1.0 | 11.4 | 4.5
Medical care
| .2
.3
.6
.3
.4
.4
.4 | 4.9 | 4.5
Entertainment
| .3
.3 -.1
.4
.1
.2
.0 | 1.1 | 2.9
Other goods & serv| .2
.5
.7
.5
.4
.4
.4 | 4.6 | 2.5
Special indexes: |
Energy
| 1.6
.5 -.5 -1.1
.4 1.9 1.6 | 16.6 | 3.4
Food
| -.4
.3
.1
.3
.2
.5
.5 | 4.8 | 2.8
AI - food & energy| .3
.3
.2
.3
.3
.2
.3 | 3.2 | 2.8
____________________________________________________________________

Consumer Price Index data for September will be released on
Friday, October 14, 1994, 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
July
Aug.
1993
1994
1994

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 1994 fromAug. 1993 July 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMay to
June to
July to
June
July
Aug.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

148.4
444.4

149.0
446.4

2.9
-

0.4
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................

17.398
15.799
9.853
1.454
2.984
1.186

144.8
144.2
144.0
163.9
136.7
131.8

145.3
144.8
144.7
164.7
137.1
131.8

2.7
2.8
3.6
4.6
.8
1.0

.3
.4
.5
.5
.3
.0

.3
.3
.4
.6
-.1
-.2

.5
.5
.8
.2
-.7
-.3

.3
.4
.6
.4
.1
-.8

Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

1.909
2.320
.331
.246
.712
1.030
5.946
1.600

164.4
135.7
135.2
135.1
122.8
147.6
145.6
151.6

162.8
138.9
135.1
134.1
131.3
148.4
145.9
151.3

5.6
6.4
1.0
3.1
15.1
2.8
1.6
1.1

-1.0
2.4
-.1
-.7
6.9
.5
.2
-.2

1.4
.3
-.2
.5
.4
.3
.0
.3

2.5
2.3
.1
.9
6.4
.5
.1
-.1

.3
2.2
-.3
-.7
7.1
.1
.1
-.2

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.394
27.948
7.984
5.771
2.213
19.768
19.386
.382

145.4
160.8
171.0
153.9
203.2
165.3
165.5
153.2

145.9
161.7
172.1
154.5
205.9
166.1
166.4
154.0

2.5
3.1
2.9
2.5
4.0
3.3
3.3
4.1

.3
.6
.6
.4
1.3
.5
.5
.5

.1
.1
.1
-.1
.4
.0
.0
.7

.2
.3
-.1
.3
-1.0
.4
.4
.9

.3
.4
.5
.4
.8
.4
.4
.5

.196
.118

131.3
135.4

131.2
135.4

-.3
-.8

-.1
.0

.4
.3

-.2
.0

-.1
.0

.078
7.262
3.983

125.9
124.3
114.1

125.6
124.3
114.0

.6
.8
-.1

-.2
.0
-.1

.4
-.1
-.2

-.2
.2
.4

-.2
.2
.2

.369

87.1

86.8

-1.1

-.3

.0

.6

.1

3.614

122.3

122.2

.0

-.1

-.1

.3

.2

3.279
6.183
3.601
1.109
1.473

150.4
121.5
111.8
132.2
138.6

150.6
121.4
111.5
132.2
138.9

1.9
1.8
1.8
2.3
1.8

.1
-.1
-.3
.0
.2

.0
.3
.5
.4
-.1

.0
.0
-.1
.0
.3

.1
.2
.0
.2
.2

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.897
5.333
1.389
2.421
.203
.781
.539
.564

130.9
127.6
124.9
125.7
129.2
125.0
150.6
155.7

131.1
127.8
125.7
125.5
128.6
124.5
152.4
155.9

-.6
-.9
-.2
-3.5
.2
.8
5.5
2.6

.2
.2
.6
-.2
-.5
-.4
1.2
.1

.6
.6
.2
.8
2.5
.2
.6
.3

-.4
-.5
.5
-1.4
1.8
-.7
.5
.1

-1.0
-1.1
.2
-2.8
-.3
-.2
1.1
.1

Transportation ...........................

16.954

134.6

135.9

4.4

1.0

.6

1.0

1.0

Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

15.295
5.025
4.031
1.245
3.010
1.533
4.483

131.8
137.4
135.8
142.6
100.5
100.4
150.0
161.5

133.0
137.3
135.6
144.0
104.1
104.1
150.7
162.0

4.5
3.9
3.7
4.7
7.3
7.4
3.1
3.6

.9
-.1
-.1
1.0
3.6
3.7
.5
.3

.5
.6
.4
1.2
.3
.5
.1
.6

1.0
.4
.5
.9
3.8
3.5
.1
.0

.9
.3
.2
.8
3.1
3.7
.5
.3

.629

103.3

103.3

.6

.0

.4

-.2

-.3

3.854
1.659

175.1
171.4

175.7
173.2

4.1
3.0

.3
1.1

.6
1.4

.1
.9

.3
1.8

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.108
1.287
5.821
3.353

211.5
201.3
213.8
193.0

212.2
201.7
214.7
193.5

4.6
2.9
5.0
4.1

.3
.2
.4
.3

.4
.3
.4
.3

.4
.4
.4
.3

.4
.3
.4
.4

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.351
1.986
2.365

150.2
136.5
166.7

150.2
136.5
166.6

3.0
2.4
3.5

.0
.0
-.1

-.1
-.1
.0

.3
.3
.2

.0
.1
-.1

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

6.897
1.601
1.184

198.0
221.3
145.0

199.4
221.7
145.0

3.1
-2.7
2.1

.7
.2
.0

.4
-.1
.6

.4
.5
-.1

.2
.1
.0

.628
.556
4.112
.249
3.863

141.9
148.3
221.6
205.1
223.0

141.9
148.3
223.9
205.8
225.5

1.5
2.8
5.8
3.0
6.0

.0
.0
1.0
.3
1.1

.1
1.1
.5
.2
.5

.1
-.3
.5
.4
.5

.0
.0
.3
.3
.3

100.000
43.547
17.398
26.149
15.579
5.333

148.4
133.7
144.8
126.8
128.1
127.6

149.0
134.3
145.3
127.5
129.2
127.8

2.9
2.4
2.7
2.2
1.7
-.9

.4
.4
.3
.6
.9
.2

.3
.3
.3
.4
.3
.6

.3
.5
.5
.6
.5
-.5

.3
.3
.3
.2
.5
-1.1

10.245
10.570
56.453

131.3
125.1
163.4

132.8
125.1
164.2

2.9
3.1
3.3

1.1
.0
.5

.7
.5
.2

.8
.3
.3

1.1
.2
.4

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................

Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ..................
_ _
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

27.337

167.3

168.2

3.1

.5

.4

.4

.5

8.900
7.046
5.821
7.349

137.9
168.1
213.8
184.7

138.0
168.9
214.7
185.8

1.2
3.6
5.0
4.7

.1
.5
.4
.6

.1
.7
.4
.4

.2
.3
.4
.3

.2
.7
.4
.1

84.201
72.052
80.232
92.892
27.749
17.178
11.845
32.977
29.116
50.632
6.993
93.007
77.208

149.1
144.9
149.8
144.8
127.8
129.4
132.4
136.6
171.0
158.7
106.8
154.0
156.4

149.8
145.5
150.4
145.5
128.4
130.4
133.7
137.4
171.7
159.4
108.5
154.6
157.0

2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.1
1.6
2.6
2.2
3.4
3.0
3.1
2.9
2.9

.5
.4
.4
.5
.5
.8
1.0
.6
.4
.4
1.6
.4
.4

.3
.3
.3
.3
.4
.3
.6
.0
.3
.3
.1
.3
.3

.3
.4
.3
.3
.5
.5
.8
.1
.2
.1
1.8
.3
.2

.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
.5
1.0
.6
.4
.4
1.4
.3
.3

24.369
3.380
52.839

136.8
99.2
167.7

136.8
102.4
168.5

1.5
6.4
3.5

.0
3.2
.5

.4
.4
.2

.1
3.4
.2

-.1
2.7
.4

-

$.674
.225

$.671
.224

-2.8
-

-.4
-

-.3
-

-.3
-

-.4
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables 2/ .............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Seasonally adjusted indexes
May
1994

June
1994

July
1994

Aug.
1994

Nov.
1993

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedFeb.
May
Aug.
Feb.
Aug.
1994
1994
1994
1994
1994

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

2.8

1.9

2.8

3.8

2.4

3.3

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

144.0
143.5
142.7
162.3
137.8
133.3
159.9
132.4
135.2
133.1
115.2
146.7
145.3
151.2

144.4
143.9
143.3
163.2
137.7
133.1
162.2
132.8
134.9
133.7
115.7
147.2
145.3
151.6

145.1
144.6
144.5
163.6
136.8
132.7
166.3
135.8
135.1
134.9
123.1
147.9
145.5
151.4

145.6
145.2
145.3
164.2
136.9
131.7
166.8
138.8
134.7
133.9
131.9
148.1
145.7
151.1

3.7
4.0
4.9
3.9
4.5
-3.6
15.5
3.1
2.1
.9
5.0
3.1
2.0
2.4

.6
.3
.0
6.7
.9
7.6
-11.0
.3
3.9
.9
-5.1
2.8
1.4
2.4

2.0
2.3
2.3
3.0
.9
5.6
2.8
2.1
-.6
7.9
2.5
1.4
1.7
-.3

4.5
4.8
7.5
4.8
-2.6
-4.7
18.4
20.8
-1.5
2.4
71.9
3.9
1.1
-.3

2.1
2.1
2.4
5.3
2.7
1.9
1.4
1.7
3.0
.9
-.2
2.9
1.7
2.4

3.2
3.5
4.8
3.9
-.9
.3
10.3
11.1
-1.0
5.1
32.7
2.6
1.4
-.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......

144.3
159.7
168.4
153.5
197.2
164.8
165.1
150.8

144.4
159.8
168.5
153.4
197.9
164.8
165.1
151.9

144.7
160.2
168.4
153.9
195.9
165.4
165.7
153.2

145.2
160.9
169.2
154.5
197.4
166.1
166.4
154.0

2.6
2.9
3.2
1.3
8.3
2.8
2.8
3.3

2.8
3.9
2.9
4.0
-.2
4.3
4.5
.5

2.2
2.8
3.4
1.6
7.9
3.0
2.7
3.8

2.5
3.0
1.9
2.6
.4
3.2
3.2
8.8

2.7
3.4
3.1
2.7
3.9
3.5
3.6
1.9

2.4
2.9
2.7
2.1
4.1
3.1
2.9
6.3

131.0
135.0
125.7
122.8
110.8

131.5
135.4
126.2
122.7
110.6

131.3
135.4
125.9
122.9
111.0

131.2
135.4
125.6
123.1
111.2

-10.8
-17.2
.0
.7
-.4

4.8
3.1
7.2
1.6
.0

5.0
12.1
-4.3
-.3
-1.4

.6
1.2
-.3
1.0
1.5

-3.3
-7.6
3.6
1.1
-.2

2.8
6.5
-2.3
.3
.0

88.7

88.7

89.2

89.3

-6.5

12.7

-11.7

2.7

2.7

-4.8

118.4
150.4
120.9

118.3
150.4
121.3

118.7
150.4
121.3

118.9
150.6
121.5

.3
2.2
3.7

-1.3
3.8
-.3

-.7
1.1
2.3

1.7
.5
2.0

-.5
3.0
1.7

.5
.8
2.2

Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

111.1
131.6
138.3

111.7
132.1
138.2

111.6
132.1
138.6

111.6
132.4
138.9

3.3
7.3
2.1

-.7
-.3
.9

2.9
.0
2.1

1.8
2.5
1.7

1.3
3.4
1.5

2.4
1.2
1.9

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

134.2
131.2
126.2
133.1
124.2
127.1
149.3
155.0

135.0
132.0
126.4
134.2
127.3
127.3
150.2
155.5

134.4
131.4
127.0
132.3
129.6
126.4
150.9
155.7

133.1
129.9
127.3
128.6
129.2
126.1
152.6
155.9

.6
.3
2.8
-2.7
-8.1
3.9
5.4
4.3

-2.1
-2.4
-10.2
.3
2.9
2.2
-2.7
1.0

2.4
2.5
3.2
2.1
-9.4
.3
11.2
2.6

-3.2
-3.9
3.5
-12.9
17.1
-3.1
9.1
2.3

-.7
-1.1
-3.9
-1.2
-2.8
3.1
1.2
2.6

-.4
-.8
3.4
-5.7
3.0
-1.4
10.1
2.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

132.7
130.0
136.9
135.4
138.6
95.3
94.7
149.7
161.0

133.5
130.7
137.7
135.9
140.2
95.6
95.2
149.8
162.0

134.8
132.0
138.3
136.6
141.5
99.2
98.5
150.0
162.0

136.2
133.2
138.7
136.9
142.6
102.3
102.1
150.8
162.5

4.0
3.8
2.7
2.8
7.5
5.6
5.1
2.8
3.1

.3
.9
2.4
2.4
-7.6
.8
.4
3.3
1.3

2.1
3.1
4.8
4.6
7.9
-6.1
-6.5
3.0
6.2

11.0
10.2
5.4
4.5
12.1
32.8
35.1
3.0
3.8

2.2
2.4
2.6
2.6
-.3
3.2
2.8
3.0
2.2

6.5
6.6
5.1
4.5
9.9
11.7
12.4
3.0
5.0

103.5

103.9

103.7

103.4

-.8

2.0

1.6

-.4

.6

.6

174.5
169.3

175.6
171.6

175.8
173.2

176.4
176.4

3.8
6.2

1.2
-3.0

6.9
-7.0

4.4
17.9

2.5
1.5

5.7
4.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

209.9
199.7
212.0
191.5

210.7
200.3
212.9
192.1

211.6
201.1
213.8
192.6

212.4
201.7
214.7
193.3

4.8
2.5
5.2
3.9

3.8
2.0
4.1
3.7

5.1
2.9
5.7
5.0

4.8
4.1
5.2
3.8

4.3
2.3
4.7
3.8

5.0
3.5
5.4
4.4

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

150.0
136.2
166.4

149.9
136.1
166.4

150.3
136.5
166.8

150.3
136.6
166.7

4.7
3.0
6.6

4.1
.3
7.0

2.2
5.2
-.2

.8
1.2
.7

4.4
1.7
6.8

1.5
3.1
.2

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............

198.7
220.2
144.4

199.4
219.9
145.2

200.2
221.0
145.0

200.6
221.3
145.0

-1.2
-17.4
2.6

2.9
-2.4
.3

6.9
8.8
4.0

3.9
2.0
1.7

.8
-10.2
1.4

5.4
5.4
2.8

141.7
147.2
222.4
205.2

141.8
148.8
223.6
205.6

141.9
148.3
224.7
206.5

141.9
148.3
225.4
207.1

1.1
3.9
5.2
-2.8

-.6
1.4
5.7
6.4

4.9
2.8
6.9
4.8

.6
3.0
5.5
3.8

.3
2.7
5.4
1.7

2.7
2.9
6.2
4.3

Personal and educational services ......

223.7

224.9

226.0

226.6

5.7

5.8

7.1

5.3

5.8

6.2

133.1
144.0
126.4
128.0
131.2

133.5
144.4
126.9
128.4
132.0

134.2
145.1
127.6
129.1
131.4

134.6
145.6
127.9
129.8
129.9

2.8
2.5
3.7
1.3
-1.9
.3

1.9
.0
.6
.0
.9
-2.4

2.8
2.4
2.0
2.6
1.6
2.5

3.8
4.6
4.5
4.8
5.7
-3.9

2.4
1.2
2.1
.6
-.5
-1.1

3.3
3.5
3.2
3.7
3.6
-.8

129.3
124.3
162.5
166.0

130.2
124.9
162.8
166.6

131.3
125.3
163.3
167.3

132.8
125.6
163.9
168.2

-.3
3.3
3.3
.0

-3.7
.7
3.3
6.3

4.8
4.3
3.0
1.0

11.3
4.2
3.5
5.4

-2.0
2.0
3.3
3.1

8.0
4.3
3.2
3.2

136.1
167.2
212.0
185.2

136.2
168.3
212.9
186.0

136.5
168.8
213.8
186.6

136.8
170.0
214.7
186.8

1.5
4.2
5.2
5.7

.6
.5
4.1
5.4

.6
2.9
5.7
4.0

2.1
6.9
5.2
3.5

1.0
2.3
4.7
5.6

1.3
4.9
5.4
3.7

148.3
144.1
148.9
143.9
127.5
129.3
130.6
136.5
170.0
157.8
102.7
153.7
156.3

148.7
144.6
149.4
144.3
128.0
129.7
131.4
136.5
170.5
158.2
102.8
154.1
156.7

149.2
145.2
149.9
144.8
128.6
130.3
132.4
136.6
170.9
158.4
104.7
154.5
157.0

149.7
145.7
150.4
145.3
128.9
131.0
133.7
137.4
171.5
159.1
106.2
155.0
157.4

2.8
2.9
2.8
2.6
1.3
-1.5
-.3
3.9
3.9
3.1
2.4
3.0
2.9

2.2
1.1
1.4
2.0
.0
.6
-2.7
-1.8
3.4
3.9
.4
1.9
2.4

2.7
2.5
2.7
2.3
2.5
1.6
4.1
3.9
2.6
2.1
-3.8
3.2
3.4

3.8
4.5
4.1
3.9
4.5
5.4
9.8
2.7
3.6
3.3
14.3
3.4
2.8

2.5
2.0
2.1
2.3
.6
-.5
-1.5
1.0
3.6
3.5
1.4
2.4
2.6

3.3
3.5
3.4
3.1
3.5
3.4
6.9
3.3
3.1
2.7
4.9
3.3
3.1

137.0
94.6
167.0

137.6
95.0
167.4

137.7
98.2
167.8

137.6
100.9
168.5

.9
3.8
3.5

-.3
2.1
3.7

3.6
-6.9
3.2

1.8
29.4
3.6

.3
3.0
3.6

2.7
9.8
3.4

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ....................
_ _
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables 2/ ...............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.

2/
NOTE:

Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
July
Aug.
1993
1994
1994

Unadjusted
percent change to
Aug. 1994 fromAug. 1993 July 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromMay to
June to
July to
June
July
Aug.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

145.8
434.3

146.5
436.4

2.9
-

0.5
-

0.3
-

0.4
-

0.4
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.344
17.622
11.187
1.660
3.513
1.321
2.019
2.674
.374
.283
.833
1.184
6.435
1.722

144.4
143.8
143.4
163.6
136.4
131.6
163.8
135.4
135.1
135.1
122.4
147.4
145.5
151.1

144.9
144.4
144.1
164.4
136.9
131.6
162.3
138.3
135.1
134.0
130.2
148.1
145.8
150.7

2.6
2.8
3.4
4.6
.7
1.0
5.6
5.9
1.2
3.0
13.6
2.8
1.7
.9

.3
.4
.5
.5
.4
.0
-.9
2.1
.0
-.8
6.4
.5
.2
-.3

.2
.2
.3
.5
-.1
-.1
1.4
.2
-.4
.4
.4
.3
.1
.3

.5
.5
.8
.4
-.7
-.5
2.7
2.2
.2
1.0
5.9
.5
.1
-.1

.4
.5
.6
.2
.1
-.8
.5
2.0
-.1
-.8
6.5
.1
.3
-.1

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ..........
_ _

39.004
25.682
8.095
6.628
1.467
17.399
17.074
.324

142.5
156.4
149.5
153.6
204.2
150.7
150.9
140.5

143.0
157.2
150.3
154.2
206.7
151.5
151.7
141.4

2.5
3.1
2.8
2.5
4.3
3.3
3.3
4.4

.4
.5
.5
.4
1.2
.5
.5
.6

.1
.1
.2
.1
.8
.0
.0
.7

.1
.1
-.1
.2
-1.1
.3
.3
1.0

.4
.5
.5
.4
.6
.5
.5
.6

Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

.188
.102

131.4
139.1

131.3
139.1

-.6
-.7

-.1
.0

.5
.2

-.1
.0

-.1
.0

.085
7.523
4.093

121.1
124.0
113.6

120.9
124.0
113.5

-.6
.6
-.2

-.2
.0
-.1

.7
.1
.1

-.2
.1
.2

-.2
.2
.2

.339

87.0

86.6

-1.4

-.5

.1

.5

.2

3.754

121.7

121.6

-.2

-.1

.1

.2

.2

3.429
5.800
3.525
1.141
1.134

150.9
120.1
110.3
132.5
140.6

151.1
120.0
110.1
132.5
140.9

1.8
2.0
1.9
2.2
2.1

.1
-.1
-.2
.0
.2

.1
.3
.5
.4
-.2

-.1
.1
.1
-.1
.6

.1
.2
.1
.2
.3

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.909
5.379
1.393
2.356
.261
.866
.502
.530

129.8
126.7
124.6
124.2
130.8
125.8
148.3
155.1

130.2
127.2
125.3
124.5
129.9
125.3
151.5
155.4

-.2
-.5
.1
-2.4
.1
.8
4.2
2.6

.3
.4
.6
.2
-.7
-.4
2.2
.2

.5
.6
.4
1.1
2.7
.3
-1.7
.3

-.2
-.3
1.0
-1.2
1.9
-.9
.0
.1

-.9
-1.0
-.2
-2.6
-.7
-.2
2.3
.2

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

18.863
17.613
4.948
3.606
2.256
3.705
1.615
5.089

133.9
132.0
138.3
135.6
143.3
100.5
100.4
150.8
157.5

135.2
133.3
138.2
135.3
144.7
104.2
104.3
151.4
157.8

4.5
4.6
4.1
3.6
4.6
7.5
7.7
3.1
3.6

1.0
1.0
-.1
-.2
1.0
3.7
3.9
.4
.2

.6
.6
.5
.4
1.1
.7
.7
.0
.6

1.1
1.1
.4
.4
.9
3.7
3.7
.2
.1

1.0
1.1
.4
.4
.8
3.2
3.6
.5
.3

.795

102.6

102.6

.4

.0

.2

-.3

-.2

4.295
1.251

171.0
167.1

171.5
168.7

4.2
2.9

.3
1.0

.6
.6

.2
1.0

.4
1.3

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.044
1.061
4.983
2.865

210.8
199.0
213.4
193.9

211.5
199.5
214.2
194.4

4.5
2.7
4.9
4.3

.3
.3
.4
.3

.4
.4
.5
.3

.4
.2
.4
.4

.4
.4
.4
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.028
2.077
1.951

148.4
136.0
166.5

148.3
135.9
166.5

2.9
2.3
3.6

-.1
-.1
.0

.1
-.1
.2

.2
.1
.2

.0
.1
.0

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

6.807
2.121
1.146

196.3
221.4
145.1

197.5
222.1
145.2

2.5
-2.5
2.1

.6
.3
.1

.4
.0
.4

.4
.5
-.1

.4
.6
.1

.650
.496
3.540
.219
3.321

142.5
148.2
217.9
206.9
219.0

142.6
148.2
220.2
207.5
221.5

1.6
2.7
5.9
3.1
6.0

.1
.0
1.1
.3
1.1

-.1
1.2
.6
.3
.6

.1
-.5
.5
.4
.5

.1
.0
.3
.2
.3

100.000
47.644
19.344
28.300
16.590
5.379

145.8
133.4
144.4
126.7
127.8
126.7

146.5
134.1
144.9
127.5
129.1
127.2

2.9
2.4
2.6
2.4
1.9
-.5

.5
.5
.3
.6
1.0
.4

.3
.4
.2
.5
.2
.6

.4
.6
.5
.6
.5
-.3

.4
.4
.4
.5
.9
-1.0

11.211
11.710
52.356
25.143

131.2
124.2
160.9
150.5

133.0
124.3
161.6
151.3

3.0
3.2
3.3
3.2

1.4
.1
.4
.5

.8
.6
.2
.3

.9
.4
.2
.4

1.4
.2
.4
.5

8.771
7.160
4.983
6.299

126.8
165.2
213.4
181.8

126.9
165.9
214.2
182.9

1.0
3.7
4.9
4.7

.1
.4
.4
.6

.0
.5
.5
.5

.0
.4
.4
.3

.2
.5
.4
.2

82.378
74.318
82.601
93.956
30.022
18.312
12.933
35.934

146.1
143.1
137.3
142.7
127.7
129.1
132.2
136.4

146.8
143.8
137.9
143.4
128.4
130.3
133.7
137.3

2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.3
1.8
2.7
2.3

.5
.5
.4
.5
.5
.9
1.1
.7

.3
.4
.4
.3
.4
.5
.7
.0

.3
.5
.4
.4
.6
.5
.8
.2

.4
.3
.4
.4
.4
.8
1.1
.7

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ..................
_ _
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables 2/ .............................

Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

27.213
47.373
7.798
92.202
74.580

152.5
156.4
106.3
151.4
153.4

153.0
157.1
108.2
151.9
153.9

3.3
3.1
3.4
2.8
2.8

.3
.4
1.8
.3
.3

.5
.2
.4
.3
.3

.2
.1
1.9
.3
.2

.4
.4
1.6
.3
.3

25.978
4.044
48.602

135.9
99.6
165.3

136.1
102.9
166.0

1.6
6.7
3.5

.1
3.3
.4

.4
.6
.2

.1
3.4
.2

.1
2.9
.4

-

$.686
.230

$.683
.229

-2.7
-

-.4
-

-.3
-

-.3
-

-.4
-

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
May
1994

June
1994

July
1994

Aug.
1994

Nov.
1993

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedFeb.
May
Aug.
Feb.
Aug.
1994
1994
1994
1994
1994

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................

143.7
143.1
142.3
162.0
137.6
133.2
159.2
132.3

144.0
143.4
142.7
162.8
137.4
133.1
161.4
132.6

144.7
144.1
143.8
163.5
136.4
132.5
165.7
135.5

145.3
144.8
144.6
163.9
136.6
131.4
166.5
138.2

2.8

1.7

2.5

4.5

2.3

3.5

3.7
4.0
5.0
4.1
3.9
-3.9
16.7
3.7

.6
.0
-.3
6.2
.9
7.3
-11.7
-.6

2.0
2.6
2.6
3.3
.9
6.6
1.8
2.5

4.5
4.8
6.6
4.8
-2.9
-5.3
19.6
19.1

2.1
2.0
2.3
5.2
2.4
1.5
1.5
1.5

3.2
3.7
4.6
4.0
-1.0
.5
10.3
10.4

Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

135.1
133.1
115.6
146.4
145.2
150.5

134.5
133.6
116.1
146.9
145.3
151.0

134.8
135.0
122.9
147.7
145.4
150.8

134.7
133.9
130.9
147.8
145.8
150.6

2.7
.9
6.0
3.1
1.7
2.4

4.6
1.2
-7.0
2.5
1.1
1.3

-1.2
7.5
3.2
1.4
2.2
-.5

-1.2
2.4
64.4
3.9
1.7
.3

3.6
1.1
-.7
2.8
1.4
1.9

-1.2
5.0
30.2
2.6
1.9
-.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

141.4
155.6
147.8
153.2
197.2
150.3
150.5
138.1

141.6
155.7
148.1
153.3
198.7
150.3
150.5
139.1

141.8
155.9
148.0
153.6
196.6
150.7
150.9
140.5

142.3
156.7
148.7
154.2
197.8
151.5
151.7
141.4

2.3
2.7
3.1
1.9
8.5
2.8
2.8
3.0

3.2
4.5
3.1
4.0
-.2
5.0
5.0
.6

1.7
2.6
2.8
1.6
7.9
2.4
2.4
4.2

2.6
2.9
2.5
2.6
1.2
3.2
3.2
9.9

2.8
3.6
3.1
2.9
4.0
3.9
3.9
1.8

2.1
2.7
2.6
2.1
4.5
2.8
2.8
7.0

130.9
138.8
120.6
122.3
110.0

131.5
139.1
121.4
122.4
110.1

131.4
139.1
121.1
122.5
110.3

131.3
139.1
120.9
122.7
110.5

-10.2
-17.6
-.7
.7
-.7

2.5
4.0
1.0
1.6
-.4

4.7
12.4
-3.6
-1.0
-1.8

1.2
.9
1.0
1.3
1.8

-4.0
-7.4
.2
1.2
-.5

3.0
6.5
-1.3
.2
.0

88.5

88.6

89.0

89.2

-7.3

13.2

-12.9

3.2

2.4

-5.2

117.7
151.0
119.5
109.6
131.9
140.3

117.8
151.1
119.9
110.1
132.4
140.0

118.0
150.9
120.0
110.2
132.3
140.8

118.2
151.1
120.2
110.3
132.6
141.2

.0
2.2
3.8
3.7
5.7
2.0

-1.7
3.8
-.7
-1.5
-.9
1.4

-.7
.8
2.7
3.0
1.5
2.3

1.7
.3
2.4
2.6
2.1
2.6

-.8
3.0
1.5
1.1
2.3
1.7

.5
.5
2.5
2.8
1.8
2.5

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.9
130.2
125.4
131.2
125.4
127.9
150.8
154.5

133.6
131.0
125.9
132.6
128.8
128.3
148.2
155.0

133.3
130.6
127.2
131.0
131.3
127.2
148.2
155.1

132.1
129.3
127.0
127.6
130.4
126.9
151.6
155.4

.9
.6
2.2
.3
-8.9
3.5
-1.4
4.8

-.9
-.9
-8.5
.9
2.9
4.2
-1.4
.8

1.5
1.2
1.6
.3
-8.7
-1.2
18.3
2.6

-2.4
-2.7
5.2
-10.5
16.9
-3.1
2.1
2.4

.0
-.2
-3.3
.6
-3.2
3.8
-1.4
2.8

-.5
-.8
3.4
-5.3
3.3
-2.2
9.9
2.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................

131.6
129.7
137.8
135.1
139.3

132.4
130.5
138.5
135.7
140.8

133.8
131.9
139.1
136.2
142.0

135.2
133.3
139.7
136.8
143.2

3.8
3.8
2.7
2.8
8.1

.6
.9
2.4
2.4
-6.7

2.5
2.8
5.7
4.3
6.3

11.4
11.6
5.6
5.1
11.7

2.2
2.4
2.5
2.6
.4

6.8
7.1
5.7
4.7
8.9

Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

95.0
94.5
150.5
157.0

95.7
95.2
150.5
157.9

99.2
98.7
150.8
158.1

102.4
102.3
151.5
158.5

5.1
4.3
2.5
2.4

1.7
1.7
3.3
1.3

-7.2
-7.7
3.5
6.6

35.0
37.3
2.7
3.9

3.4
3.0
2.9
1.8

11.9
12.6
3.1
5.2

103.0

103.2

102.9

102.7

-.8

1.6

2.0

-1.2

.4

.4

170.3
166.2

171.4
167.2

171.7
168.9

172.4
171.1

2.9
6.4

1.2
-3.7

7.6
-2.4

5.0
12.3

2.1
1.2

6.3
4.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

209.1
197.8
211.5
192.3

210.0
198.5
212.5
192.9

210.8
198.8
213.4
193.7

211.6
199.5
214.2
194.2

4.4
2.3
5.0
3.9

3.8
3.1
3.7
4.1

5.1
2.0
5.9
5.2

4.9
3.5
5.2
4.0

4.1
2.7
4.4
4.0

5.0
2.8
5.5
4.6

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

148.1
135.7
166.2

148.2
135.6
166.5

148.5
135.8
166.8

148.5
135.9
166.8

4.5
2.7
6.4

3.6
.6
6.8

2.5
5.2
.0

1.1
.6
1.5

4.1
1.7
6.6

1.8
2.9
.7

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

196.1
219.9
144.7

196.9
220.0
145.3

197.6
221.0
145.1

198.3
222.3
145.2

-3.3
-17.8
2.3

2.1
-2.6
.3

6.8
8.4
4.5

4.6
4.4
1.4

-.6
-10.5
1.3

5.7
6.4
3.0

142.4
147.3
218.0
207.0
219.1

142.3
149.0
219.3
207.7
220.4

142.5
148.2
220.3
208.6
221.5

142.6
148.2
221.0
209.0
222.2

1.1
3.7
5.1
-2.3
5.7

-.6
1.9
5.8
6.3
5.8

5.5
2.8
6.7
4.8
6.9

.6
2.5
5.6
3.9
5.8

.3
2.8
5.4
1.9
5.7

3.0
2.6
6.2
4.3
6.3

132.6
143.7
125.8
127.5
130.2

133.1
144.0
126.4
127.8
131.0

133.9
144.7
127.2
128.4
130.6

134.5
145.3
127.8
129.6
129.3

2.8
2.2
3.7
1.3
-2.2
.6

1.7
.0
.6
.0
1.6
-.9

2.5
2.1
2.0
2.3
1.6
1.2

4.5
5.9
4.5
6.5
6.8
-2.7

2.3
1.1
2.1
.6
-.3
-.2

3.5
4.0
3.2
4.4
4.1
-.8

129.0
123.1
160.0
149.4

130.0
123.8
160.3
149.9

131.2
124.3
160.7
150.5

133.0
124.5
161.3
151.3

-1.2
3.4
3.4
.8

-4.6
1.0
3.3
5.6

5.8
3.7
3.1
1.3

13.0
4.6
3.3
5.2

-2.9
2.2
3.4
3.2

9.3
4.1
3.2
3.2

125.3

125.3

125.3

125.5

1.3

2.3

-.3

.6

1.8

.2

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ....................
_ _
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................

Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

164.6
211.5
182.0

165.4
212.5
182.9

166.0
213.4
183.4

166.9
214.2
183.8

3.5
5.0
5.6

.7
3.7
5.5

5.0
5.9
3.8

5.7
5.2
4.0

2.1
4.4
5.5

5.4
5.5
3.9

145.1
142.2
136.3
141.8
127.0
128.5
130.3
136.1
151.3
155.6
102.0
151.0
153.2

145.5
142.7
136.8
142.2
127.5
129.1
131.2
136.1
152.0
155.9
102.4
151.4
153.6

146.0
143.4
137.4
142.7
128.3
129.8
132.2
136.4
152.3
156.1
104.3
151.8
153.9

146.6
143.9
137.9
143.3
128.8
130.8
133.7
137.3
152.9
156.7
106.0
152.3
154.4

2.3
2.9
2.7
2.6
1.3
-1.9
-.9
3.3
3.6
2.7
2.0
2.7
2.4

2.3
.9
.9
1.7
.0
1.3
-3.6
-1.8
3.3
4.0
.4
1.9
2.4

2.8
2.6
2.7
2.3
2.2
.6
5.1
4.2
2.4
2.6
-4.2
3.2
3.5

4.2
4.9
4.8
4.3
5.8
7.4
10.9
3.6
4.3
2.9
16.6
3.5
3.2

2.3
1.9
1.8
2.2
.6
-.3
-2.3
.7
3.4
3.3
1.2
2.3
2.4

3.5
3.7
3.7
3.3
4.0
3.9
7.9
3.9
3.4
2.7
5.7
3.4
3.3

136.1
94.7
164.8

136.6
95.3
165.2

136.8
98.5
165.6

136.9
101.4
166.2

.9
3.8
3.5

-.6
3.0
3.8

3.9
-7.6
3.2

2.4
31.4
3.4

.1
3.4
3.6

3.1
10.2
3.3

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables 2/ ...............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

Indexes
May
1994

147.5

June
1994

148.0

July
1994

148.4

Aug.
1994

149.0

Percent change to
Aug. 1994 fromAug.
June
July
1993
1994
1994

2.9

0.7

0.4

Percent change to
July 1994 fromJuly
May
June
1993
1994
1994

2.8

0.6

0.3

Region and area size 2/
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

154.2
154.7
152.8
152.7

154.8
155.4
153.5
153.2

155.2
155.7
154.3
152.9

155.9
156.6
154.8
153.8

2.8
2.7
3.0
2.7

.7
.8
.8
.4

.5
.6
.3
.6

2.5
2.5
2.6
2.1

.6
.6
1.0
.1

.3
.2
.5
-.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

143.3
144.5
142.0
144.4

144.0
145.1
143.0
144.7

144.3
145.4
143.6
145.0

145.2
146.3
144.4
145.9

3.4
3.2
3.8
3.4

.8
.8
1.0
.8

.6
.6
.6
.6

3.1
2.9
3.9
2.8

.7
.6
1.1
.4

.2
.2
.4
.2

M

138.8

139.8

140.2

140.8

4.1

.7

.4

3.9

1.0

.3

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

144.3
144.7
146.3
143.1

144.7
145.3
146.6
143.5

145.0
145.3
147.1
143.8

145.5
145.7
147.9
144.3

2.8
2.6
3.4
2.6

.6
.3
.9
.6

.3
.3
.5
.3

2.9
3.0
3.1
2.6

.5
.4
.5
.5

.2
.0
.3
.2

M

142.3

142.5

142.7

142.9

2.5

.3

.1

2.7

.3

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

148.8
150.4
147.8

148.9
150.4
148.6

149.5
150.9
150.0

150.1
151.3
151.1

2.7
2.4
4.0

.8
.6
1.7

.4
.3
.7

2.4
2.2
3.5

.5
.3
1.5

.4
.3
.9

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

133.9
147.0
146.0
143.0

134.3
147.5
146.4
143.4

134.6
148.1
146.8
143.8

135.2
148.8
147.5
144.0

2.7
3.3
3.0
2.9

.7
.9
.8
.4

.4
.5
.5
.1

2.6
3.1
2.7
3.1

.5
.7
.5
.6

.2
.4
.3
.3

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

147.6
151.4
157.3
153.2
148.3

148.1
151.3
157.8
154.6
148.1

148.3
151.7
158.2
155.3
148.9

149.8
152.0
159.1
155.7
149.4

2.5
1.4
2.4
3.4
2.2

1.1
.5
.8
.7
.9

1.0
.2
.6
.3
.3

1.9
1.3
2.5
3.1
1.9

.5
.2
.6
1.4
.4

.1
.3
.3
.5
.5

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........

1
1
1
1
1

145.8
153.6
143.7
143.3
140.0

3.1
.9
2.0
3.2
2.2

1.6
.2
.0
.1
1.4

Selected local areas

-

148.2
153.9
143.7
143.4
141.9

-

-

-

-

-

Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

151.4
-

141.4
144.8
137.4
144.0

151.8
-

142.2
145.3
139.2
145.7

3.0
3.9
4.7
3.8

-

.6
.3
1.3
1.2

1.7

-

-

.3
-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Aug. 1994 fromAug.
June
July
1993
1994
1994

Percent change to
July 1994 fromJuly
May
June
1993
1994
1994

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

144.9

145.4

145.8

146.5

2.9

0.8

0.5

2.6

0.6

0.3

M
M
M
M

151.7
151.1
150.8
154.2

152.3
151.9
151.4
154.6

152.7
152.2
152.3
154.4

153.4
153.1
152.8
155.2

2.7
2.7
3.0
2.6

.7
.8
.9
.4

.5
.6
.3
.5

2.4
2.4
2.6
2.1

.7
.7
1.0
.1

.3
.2
.6
-.1

May
1994

June
1994

July
1994

Aug.
1994

Region and area size 2/
Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

140.2
140.7
138.4
141.9

140.9
141.4
139.5
142.2

141.3
141.6
140.1
142.6

142.2
142.6
141.0
143.6

3.3
3.2
4.0
3.5

.9
.8
1.1
1.0

.6
.7
.6
.7

3.0
2.8
3.8
2.7

.8
.6
1.2
.5

.3
.1
.4
.3

M

137.3

138.4

138.9

139.5

3.9

.8

.4

3.7

1.2

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

142.8
142.8
142.8
142.8

143.2
143.4
143.2
143.3

143.6
143.6
143.7
143.7

144.1
144.1
144.5
144.2

2.8
2.6
3.4
2.6

.6
.5
.9
.6

.3
.3
.6
.3

2.9
2.9
3.0
2.5

.6
.6
.6
.6

.3
.1
.3
.3

M

142.5

142.7

142.9

143.2

2.6

.4

.2

2.7

.3

.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

146.0
146.0
145.7

146.1
146.0
146.4

146.7
146.5
147.7

147.2
146.9
148.6

2.5
2.2
3.8

.8
.6
1.5

.3
.3
.6

2.3
2.0
3.4

.5
.3
1.4

.4
.3
.9

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

132.9
144.4
145.2
142.3

133.3
145.0
145.6
142.8

133.6
145.5
146.1
143.2

134.3
146.3
146.8
143.4

2.7
3.3
3.0
2.9

.8
.9
.8
.4

.5
.5
.5
.1

2.5
3.0
2.6
3.0

.5
.8
.6
.6

.2
.3
.3
.3

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

143.1
146.2
153.6
152.7
146.1

143.6
146.1
154.2
154.2
145.7

143.7
146.5
154.4
154.9
146.6

145.1
146.8
155.3
155.3
147.1

2.5
1.3
2.4
3.3
2.2

1.0
.5
.7
.7
1.0

1.0
.2
.6
.3
.3

1.8
1.2
2.5
2.9
1.7

.4
.2
.5
1.4
.3

.1
.3
.1
.5
.6

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

144.9
152.2
136.1
141.2
139.2
149.2

3.0
.9
1.8
3.1
2.2
1.6

1.7
.5
.1
.1
1.6
.1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

-

140.6
140.2
137.0
137.8

147.3
152.9
136.3
141.4
141.4
149.4
-

141.6
141.0
138.8
139.4

2.6
3.9
4.6
3.9

.7
.6
1.3
1.2

-

-

-

-

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.