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News
Bureau of Labor Statistics

United States
Department
of Labor
Washington, D.C. 20212

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman
(202) 691-7000
USDL-05-871
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202) 691-6994
TRANSMISSION OF
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
MATERIAL IN THIS
INFORMATION:
(202) 691-5200
RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 691-5902
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
INTERNET ADDRESS: http://www.bls.gov/cpi/
Wednesday, May 18, 2005
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX: APRIL 2005
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.7 percent in April, before
seasonal adjustment, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today. The
April level of 194.6 (1982-84=100) was 3.5 percent higher than in April 2004.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) increased 0.8
percent in April, prior to seasonal adjustment. The April level of 190.2 was 3.7 percent higher than in April
2004.
The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 0.5 percent in
April on a not seasonally adjusted basis. The April level of 113.1 (December 1999=100) was 2.9 percent
higher than in April 2004. Please note that the indexes for the post-2003 period are subject to revision.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.5 percent in April, following an increase of 0.6
percent in March. Energy costs advanced sharply for the third consecutive month--up 4.5 percent in April.
Within energy, the index for petroleum-based energy increased 6.3 percent and the index for energy services
increased 2.3 percent. The index for food rose 0.7 percent. The index for food at home increased 1.1 percent,
its largest advance since a similar rise in May 2004. The index for all items less food and energy, which
increased 0.4 percent in March, was virtually unchanged in April. Declines in the indexes for apparel and for
lodging while away from home, which had accounted for the acceleration in March, were largely responsible
for the deceleration in April.
Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound
adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
12-mos.
Category
2004
2005
3-mos. ended
ended
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.
Apr. ’05
Apr. ’05
All Items
.6
.3
.0
.1
.4
.6
.5
6.2
3.5
Food and beverages
.5
.3
.0
.1
.1
.2
.6
3.6
3.1
Housing
.2
.3
.2
.1
.4
.5
.3
4.4
3.2
Apparel
.0
.2
-.4
.3
-.2
.8
-.6
-.3
-.5
Transportation
2.1
.2
-.7
-.2
.8
1.9
1.8
19.1
7.0
Medical care
.4
.3
.3
.4
.6
.5
.2
5.1
4.3
Recreation
.1
.1
.0
.1
-.2
.0
.2
.0
.2
Education and
communication
-.2
.4
.1
.1
.3
.2
.4
3.6
1.8
Other goods and
services
.2
.1
.4
.4
.3
.1
.0
2.0
2.6
Special Indexes
Energy
4.0
1.0 -1.3 -1.1
2.0
4.0
4.5
51.2
17.1
Food
.6
.3
.0
.1
.1
.2
.7
3.7
3.1
All Items less
food and energy
.2
.2
.2
.2
.3
.4
.0
2.6
2.2

During the first four months of 2005, the CPI-U rose at a 4.8 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate
(SAAR). This compares with an increase of 3.3 percent for all of 2004. The index for energy, which rose
16.6 percent in 2004, advanced at a 31.7 percent SAAR in the first four months of 2005. Petroleum-based
energy costs increased at a 54.1 percent annual rate and charges for energy services rose at an 8.9 percent
annual rate. The food index has increased at a 3.1 percent SAAR thus far this year, following a 2.7 percent
rise for all of 2004. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced at a 2.6 percent SAAR in the first four
months, following a 2.2 percent rise for all of 2004.
The food and beverages index increased 0.6 percent in April. The index for food at home, which rose
0.2 percent in March, advanced 1.1 percent in April. Increases in the indexes for fruits and vegetables, for
nonalcoholic beverages and for other food at home--up 3.4, 1.1, and 1.3 percent, respectively--accounted for
five-sixths of the advance in the April food at home index. The advance in the index for fruits and vegetables
was its first increase since November. In April, the indexes for fresh vegetables and for processed fruits and
vegetables rose 7.9 and 2.8 percent, respectively, while the index for fresh fruits decreased 0.7 percent. (Prior
to seasonal adjustment, the index for fresh fruits rose 0.8 percent.) Increases in the indexes for coffee and for
carbonated drinks--up 4.6 and 1.9 percent, respectively--accounted for the rise in the index for nonalcoholic
beverages. Upturns in the indexes for snacks, for sugar and sweets, and for butter and margarine were largely
responsible for the increase in the index for other food at home. The indexes for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
and for dairy products each increased 0.4 percent, while the index for cereals and bakery products was
virtually unchanged. Within the first group, increases in the indexes for pork and for fish and seafood more
than offset declines in poultry and egg prices. Beef prices were unchanged in April. The other two
components of the food and beverage index--food away from home and alcoholic beverages--increased 0.2
and 0.1 percent, respectively.
The index for housing rose 0.3 percent in April. Shelter costs, which advanced 0.6 percent in March,
were virtually unchanged in April, largely as a result of a downturn in the index for lodging away from home.
The index for lodging away from home declined 1.2 percent in April, following a 3.9 percent increase in
March. In April, the indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent increased 0.3 and 0.1 percent, respectively.
The index for fuels and utilities rose 2.1 percent, following a 0.1 percent increase in March. The index for
fuel oil increased 4.6 percent in April to a level 39.1 percent higher than in April 2004. The indexes for gas
and for electricity rose 5.6 and 0.6 percent, respectively. During the last 12 months, charges for natural gas
have risen 16.4 percent and charges for electricity have increased 4.1 percent. In April, the index for
household furnishings and operations was unchanged for the second consecutive month.
The transportation index rose 1.8 percent in April, largely reflecting a 6.4 percent increase in the index
for gasoline. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, the price of gasoline was 10.2 percent higher than its previous
peak level of last month and 24.2 percent higher than a year earlier.) The index for new vehicles declined for
the second consecutive month--down 0.1 percent in April. Despite the recent declines, new vehicle prices
have risen 0.9 percent during the last 12 months. The index for used cars and trucks rose 0.3 percent in April
to a level 5.2 percent above April 2004. The index for public transportation increased 1.7 percent in April,
reflecting increases in the indexes for airline fares and for other intercity transportation. Airline fares
registered their third consecutive advance, up 3.6 percent in April, their largest monthly advance since a 5.0
percent increase in June 2001. With the recent advances, airline fares are 1.1 percent higher than in April
2004, but are 3.8 percent lower than in the month prior to the terrorist attacks in 2001.
The index for apparel decreased 0.6 percent in April after increasing 0.8 percent in March, reflecting
discounting of women’s and girls’ apparel--down 1.3 percent. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, apparel prices
rose 0.2 percent.)
Medical care costs rose 0.2 percent in April to a level 4.3 percent higher than a year ago. The index
for medical care commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical supplies--was virtually
unchanged in April. The index for medical care services rose 0.3 percent in April. Charges for professional
services and for hospital and related services each increased 0.4 percent.
The index for recreation, which was unchanged in March, rose 0.2 percent in April. The index for
recreational services rose 0.2 percent in April after declining 0.2 percent in March. Increases in the indexes
for club membership dues and fees for participant sports and for fees for lessons and instructions more than
offset a decline in the index for admissions to movies, theaters, concerts, and sporting events.

The index for education and communication increased 0.4 percent in April. The education index rose
0.6 percent and the index for communication costs increased 0.1 percent. Within the latter group, the index
for telephone services rose 0.3 percent, reflecting increases in both local and long distance land-line telephone
charges. The index for personal computers and peripheral equipment was virtually unchanged in April, but
has declined 15.7 percent during the last 12 months.
The index for other goods and services was virtually unchanged in April. The index for tobacco and
smoking products increased 0.1 percent. The index for miscellaneous personal services rose 0.3 percent,
reflecting a 1.4 percent increase in the index for tax return preparation and other accounting fees.

CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers increased 0.6
percent in April.

Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
Compound
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate
Category
2004
2005
3-mos. ended
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.
Apr. ’05
All Items
.6
.3
-.1
.1
.4
.6
.6
6.6
Food and beverages
.5
.3
.0
.1
.1
.2
.6
3.7
Housing
.2
.3
.2
.2
.4
.3
.3
4.1
Apparel
.0
.2
-.3
.5
-.1
.5
-.7
-1.3
Transportation
2.2
.1
-.5
-.3
.8
2.1
1.8
20.2
Medical care
.3
.3
.3
.3
.6
.4
.3
5.6
Recreation
.1
.1
-.1
.2
-.2
.0
.1
-.4
Education and
Communication
-.3
.3
.1
.1
.3
.1
.4
2.9
Other goods and
Services
.1
.2
.4
.5
.4
.0
.0
1.6
Special Indexes
Energy
4.2
.7 -1.3 -1.3
2.0
4.4
4.6
53.5
Food
.6
.3
.0
.1
.1
.2
.7
3.9
All Items less
food and energy
.2
.2
.2
.2
.3
.2
.1
2.3

Unadjusted
12-mos.
ended
Apr.’05
3.7
3.0
3.2
-.5
7.7
4.4
.1
1.1
2.8
17.4
3.1
2.2

Consumer Price Index data for May are scheduled for release on Wednesday, June 15, 2005, at 8:30
A.M. (EDT).

Facilities for Sensory Impaired
Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice
phone: 202-691-5200, Federal Relay Services: 1-800-877-8339. For a recorded message of Summary CPI
data, call (202) 691-5200.

Brief Explanation of the CPI
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time of goods and
services purchased by households. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups:
(1) the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which covers households of wage earners
and clerical workers that comprise approximately 32 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for All
Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U), which cover
approximately 87 percent of the total population and include in addition to wage earners and clerical worker
households, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term
workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’
and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are
collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 50,000 housing units and approximately 23,000 retail
establishments-department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service
establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
Prices of fuels and a few other items are obtained every month in all 87 locations. Prices of most other
commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and every other month
in other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls of the
Bureau’s trained representatives.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with
weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are
then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W separate indexes are also published by
size of city, by region of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 27
local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the
average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U data are issued only at the
national level. It is important to note that the CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the CCPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to two annual revisions.
The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For the CPI-U and the CPI-W the
reference base is 1982-84 equals 100.0. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.
An increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be
expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period market basket of goods and services in the CPI has
risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65.
For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ or contact our CPI
Information and Analysis Section on (202) 691-7000.

Calculating Index Changes
Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent
changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by
the level of the index in relation to its base period while percent changes are not. The
example below illustrates the computation of index point and percent changes.
Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as annual rates and
are computed according to the standard formula for compound growth rates. These data
indicate what the percent change would be if the current rate were maintained for a 12month period.
Index Point Change
CPI
Less previous index
Equals index point change

115.7
111.2
4.5

Percent Change
Index point difference
Divided by the previous index
Equals
Results multiplied by one hundred
Equals percent change

4.5
111.2
0.040
0.040x100
4.0

Regions Defined
The states in the four regions shown in Tables 3 and 6 are listed below.
The Northeast--Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and
Vermont.
The Midwest--Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and
Wisconsin.
The South--Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia.
The West--Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and
Wyoming.

A Note on Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
Because price data are used for different purposes by different groups, the Bureau of Labor Statistics
publishes seasonally adjusted as well as unadjusted changes each month.
For analyzing general price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually preferred since
they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and in about the same magnitude
every year--such as price movements resulting from changing climatic conditions, production cycles, model
changeovers, holidays, and sales.
The unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay.
Unadjusted data also are used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract
agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index unadjusted
for seasonal variation.
Seasonal factors used in computing the seasonally adjusted indexes are derived by the X-12-ARIMA
Seasonal Adjustment Method. Seasonally adjusted indexes and seasonal factors are computed annually. Each
year, the last 5 years of seasonally adjusted data are revised. Data from January 2000 through December 2004
were replaced in January 2005. Exceptions to the usual revision schedule were: the updated seasonal data at the
end of 1977 replaced data from 1967 through 1977; and, in January 2002, dependently seasonally adjusted
series were revised for January 1987-December 2001 as a result of a change in the aggregation weights for
dependently adjusted series. For further information, please see “Aggregation of Dependently Adjusted
Seasonally Adjusted Series,” in the October 2001 issue of the CPI Detailed Report.
The seasonal movement of All items and 54 other aggregations is derived by combining the seasonal
movement of 73 selected components. Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon
certain statistical criteria. If any of the 73 components change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally
adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used for the last 5 years, but the
seasonally adjusted indexes will be used before that period. Note: 43 of the 73 components are seasonally
adjusted for 2005.
Seasonally adjusted data, including the All items index levels, are subject to revision for up to five years
after their original release. For this reason, BLS advises against the use of these data in escalation agreements.
Effective with the calculation of the seasonal factors for 1990, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has used an
enhanced seasonal adjustment procedure called Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI series.
Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment allows for better estimates of seasonally adjusted data. Extreme
values and/or sharp movements which might distort the seasonal pattern are estimated and removed from the
data prior to calculation of seasonal factors. Beginning with the calculation of seasonal factors for 1996, X-12ARIMA software was used for Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment.
For the fuel oil, utility (piped) gas, motor fuels, and educational books and supplies indexes, this
procedure was used to offset the effects that extreme price volatility would otherwise have had on the estimates
of seasonally adjusted data for those series. For the Nonalcoholic beverages index, the procedure was used to
offset the effects of labor and supply problems for coffee. The procedure was used to account for unusual
butter fat supply reductions, changes in milk supply, and large swings in soybean oil inventories affecting the
Fats and oils series. For Dairy products, it mitigated the effects of significant changes in milk, butter and
cheese production levels. For Fresh vegetable series, the method was used to account for the effects of
hurricane-related disruptions. For Electricity, it was used to offset an increase in demand due to warmer than

expected weather, increased rates to conserve supplies, and declining natural gas inventories. For new vehicle
series, the procedure was used to offset the effects of a model changeover combined with financing incentives.
For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please write to the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact Daniel Chow on
(202) 691-6968 by e-mail at Chow.Daniel@bls.gov. If you have general questions about the CPI, please call
our information staff at (202) 691-7000.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and
service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
2004

Unadjusted
indexes
Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 2005 from—
Apr.
2004

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from—

Mar.
2005

Jan. to
Feb.

Feb. to
Mar.

Mar. to
Apr.

Expenditure category
All items ......................................................................................
All items (1967=100) ..................................................................

100.000

193.3
579.0

194.6
582.9

3.5

0.7

0.4

0.6

0.5

-

-

-

-

-

-

Food and beverages ................................................................
Food .......................................................................................
Food at home .......................................................................
Cereals and bakery products .............................................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ............................................
Dairy and related products .................................................
Fruits and vegetables .........................................................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials ..............
Other food at home ............................................................
Sugar and sweets .............................................................
Fats and oils .....................................................................
Other foods 1 ....................................................................
Other miscellaneous foods 1 2 .......................................
Food away from home 1 .......................................................
Other food away from home 2 ............................................
Alcoholic beverages 1 ............................................................

15.291
14.295
8.183
1.185
2.272
.849
1.276
.884
1.716
.296
.258
1.163
.301
6.113
.332
.996

189.6
189.1
188.1
208.5
184.3
181.4
233.7
143.6
165.7
162.6
167.0
181.3
111.9
191.7
129.4
195.7

190.7
190.2
189.8
209.1
184.7
182.2
240.1
144.8
167.5
164.9
169.4
183.0
110.8
192.1
129.6
195.9

3.1
3.1
3.1
1.8
3.1
4.7
5.2
3.7
1.5
1.4
1.9
1.4
.3
3.2
3.9
2.1

.6
.6
.9
.3
.2
.4
2.7
.8
1.1
1.4
1.4
.9
-1.0
.2
.2
.1

.1
.1
-.2
.1
.3
-.8
-.7
-.1
-.2
.5
-.9
-.3
.2
.3
.9
.5

.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
-.5
1.0
.2
-.9
-1.3
.9
1.5
.2
.5
.3

.6
.7
1.1
.0
.4
.4
3.4
1.1
1.3
1.9
1.8
.9
-1.0
.2
.2
.1

Housing ....................................................................................
Shelter ....................................................................................
Rent of primary residence 3 .................................................
Lodging away from home 2 ..................................................
Owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence 3 4 .................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .................................
Fuels and utilities ....................................................................
Fuels .....................................................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels .......................................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 ...............................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .................
Household furnishings and operations ...................................
Household operations 1 2 .....................................................

41.993
32.686
6.133
3.008
23.158
.387
4.951
4.021
.300
3.722
.930
4.355
.707

194.1
224.4
215.5
138.3
228.7
119.0
166.7
148.4
195.5
152.7
128.9
126.1
128.3

194.4
224.4
216.0
136.2
229.0
118.2
169.6
151.5
199.5
155.9
129.1
126.3
129.1

3.2
2.7
3.0
5.5
2.3
2.2
9.0
9.8
33.4
8.1
5.6
.6
4.3

.2
.0
.2
-1.5
.1
-.7
1.7
2.1
2.0
2.1
.2
.2
.6

.4
.3
.2
1.1
.2
.2
.8
.8
1.4
.8
.6
-.2
.5

.5
.6
.2
3.9
.3
.3
.1
.1
4.6
-.3
.2
.0
-.2

.3
.0
.3
-1.2
.1
-.7
2.1
2.5
4.8
2.3
.2
.0
.6

Apparel .....................................................................................
Men’s and boys’ apparel ........................................................
Women’s and girls’ apparel ....................................................
Infants’ and toddlers’ apparel .................................................
Footwear ................................................................................

3.841
.977
1.638
.188
.765

123.5
119.6
117.1
119.0
122.8

123.7
120.4
116.6
121.3
123.8

-.5
.1
-1.8
.7
2.3

.2
.7
-.4
1.9
.8

-.2
-.2
-.6
-.7
.8

.8
.4
2.0
-1.3
-.9

-.6
.0
-1.3
2.6
-.1

Transportation ..........................................................................
Private transportation .............................................................
New and used motor vehicles 2 ...........................................
New vehicles ......................................................................
Used cars and trucks 1 .......................................................
Motor fuel .............................................................................
Gasoline (all types) .............................................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment 1 ...................................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .................................
Public transportation ...............................................................

17.414
16.385
7.744
4.692
2.037
3.969
3.934
.364
1.341
1.029

168.8
165.2
95.6
139.1
137.7
175.9
175.0
110.9
204.7
210.1

173.2
169.6
95.6
138.8
138.1
193.9
192.9
110.8
205.0
215.0

7.0
7.4
1.6
.9
5.2
24.4
24.2
2.7
3.2
1.7

2.6
2.7
.0
-.2
.3
10.2
10.2
-.1
.1
2.3

.8
.8
.1
.1
.1
3.2
3.2
.3
-.1
.0

1.9
2.0
-.1
-.4
.1
8.0
7.9
.0
.6
1.3

1.8
1.7
.0
-.1
.3
6.4
6.4
-.1
.2
1.7

Medical care .............................................................................
Medical care commodities ......................................................
Medical care services .............................................................
Professional services ...........................................................
Hospital and related services 3 ............................................

6.132
1.484
4.649
2.767
1.516

320.7
273.2
334.3
279.7
437.3

321.5
273.5
335.2
281.0
437.1

4.3
1.9
5.0
3.8
5.7

.2
.1
.3
.5
.0

.6
.4
.6
.7
.7

.5
.0
.6
.4
.7

.2
.0
.3
.4
.4

See footnotes at end of table.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and
service group-Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-U

Relative
importance,
December
2004

Unadjusted
indexes
Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 2005 from—
Apr.
2004

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from—

Mar.
2005

Jan. to
Feb.

Feb. to
Mar.

Mar. to
Apr.

Expenditure category
Recreation 2 .............................................................................
Video and audio 2 ...................................................................

5.733
1.691

109.0
104.6

109.2
104.8

0.2
.1

0.2
.2

-0.2
-.5

0.0
.5

0.2
.2

Education and communication 2 ..............................................
Education 2 .............................................................................
Educational books and supplies ...........................................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ..............................
Communication 2 ....................................................................
Information and information processing 1 2 ..........................
Telephone services 1 2 .......................................................
Information technology, hardware and services 1 5 ...........
Personal computers and peripheral equipment 1 2 ..........

5.846
2.931
.220
2.712
2.914
2.737
2.187
.550
.192

112.7
149.3
360.6
430.9
85.2
83.1
95.0
14.0
13.4

112.9
149.5
361.3
431.4
85.4
83.2
95.3
13.9
13.4

1.8
6.3
3.4
6.5
-2.3
-2.6
-1.2
-7.3
-15.7

.2
.1
.2
.1
.2
.1
.3
-.7
.0

.3
.5
.0
.5
.0
.1
.3
-1.4
-3.6

.2
.5
.4
.6
-.2
-.2
-.1
.0
-.7

.4
.6
.6
.6
.1
.1
.3
-.7
.0

Other goods and services ........................................................
Tobacco and smoking products 1 ...........................................
Personal care .........................................................................
Personal care products 1 ......................................................
Personal care services 1 ......................................................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........................................

3.750
.804
2.946
.658
.652
1.454

311.2
496.6
184.7
153.0
203.3
300.8

311.6
497.0
184.9
153.4
203.3
301.4

2.6
5.0
2.0
-.7
3.7
3.0

.1
.1
.1
.3
.0
.2

.3
.4
.3
.5
.5
.1

.1
.1
.1
-.6
.2
.2

.0
.1
.0
.3
.0
.3

40.239
15.291
24.948
13.980
3.841
10.139
10.967
59.761
32.300
.387
3.722
.930
.707
6.235
4.649
10.833

158.2
189.6
140.4
163.7
123.5
192.7
115.7
228.0
233.7
119.0
152.7
128.9
128.3
223.3
334.3
266.1

160.3
190.7
142.9
168.9
123.7
201.0
115.6
228.6
233.7
118.2
155.9
129.1
129.1
224.4
335.2
266.7

3.9
3.1
4.4
7.4
-.5
10.6
.5
3.2
2.8
2.2
8.1
5.6
4.3
2.0
5.0
2.7

1.3
.6
1.8
3.2
.2
4.3
-.1
.3
.0
-.7
2.1
.2
.6
.5
.3
.2

.4
.1
.5
.3
-.2
1.8
.1
.3
.4
.2
.8
.6
.5
.0
.6
.2

.9
.2
1.4
1.7
.8
3.2
-.3
.4
.6
.3
-.3
.2
-.2
.4
.6
.2

.9
.6
1.1
2.2
-.6
2.9
-.2
.3
.1
-.7
2.3
.2
.6
.4
.3
.3

85.705
67.314
93.868
25.943
14.976
11.135
29.271
27.462
55.113
7.991
92.009
77.714
21.674
4.269
56.040

194.0
183.2
186.8
142.5
165.6
192.1
177.0
238.5
219.2
160.8
198.3
200.7
141.1
178.0
235.7
$ .517
$ .173

195.3
185.1
188.1
144.9
170.6
199.7
180.3
239.8
219.7
170.9
198.6
200.9
141.2
195.2
236.0
$ .514
$ .172

3.6
3.9
3.5
4.3
7.1
9.9
5.2
3.8
3.0
17.1
2.3
2.2
.5
24.9
2.9

.7
1.0
.7
1.7
3.0
4.0
1.9
.5
.2
6.3
.2
.1
.1
9.7
.1

.4
.3
.3
.6
.4
1.8
.2
.1
.3
2.0
.2
.3
.0
3.1
.3

.7
.7
.6
1.4
1.5
3.0
.9
.3
.4
4.0
.4
.4
.0
7.8
.5

.5
.8
.5
1.1
2.0
2.6
1.5
.7
.3
4.5
.2
.0
-.1
6.3
.2

-

-

-

-

-

Commodity and service group
Commodities ..............................................................................
Food and beverages ................................................................
Commodities less food and beverages ....................................
Nondurables less food and beverages ...................................
Apparel .................................................................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ..................
Durables .................................................................................
Services ......................................................................................
Rent of shelter 4 .......................................................................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .....................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .....................................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .....................
Household operations 1 2 .........................................................
Transportation services ............................................................
Medical care services ...............................................................
Other services ..........................................................................
Special indexes
All items less food ......................................................................
All items less shelter ...................................................................
All items less medical care .........................................................
Commodities less food ...............................................................
Nondurables less food ................................................................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............................................
Nondurables ...............................................................................
Services less rent of shelter 4 ....................................................
Services less medical care services ...........................................
Energy ........................................................................................
All items less energy ..................................................................
All items less food and energy .................................................
Commodities less food and energy commodities ...................
Energy commodities .............................................................
Services less energy services ................................................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1982-84=$1.00) ......
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1967=$1.00) ...........

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other

item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.

-

4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change for
3 months ended—

CPI-U
Jan.
2005

Feb.
2005

Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

July
2004

Oct.
2004

Jan.
2005

6 months
ended—
Apr.
2005

Oct.
2004

Apr.
2005

Expenditure category
All items ......................................................................................

191.3

192.0

193.2

194.2

3.2

3.2

1.3

6.2

3.2

3.7

Food and beverages ................................................................
Food .......................................................................................
Food at home .......................................................................
Cereals and bakery products .............................................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ............................................
Dairy and related products .................................................
Fruits and vegetables .........................................................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials ..............
Other food at home ............................................................
Sugar and sweets .............................................................
Fats and oils .....................................................................
Other foods 1 ....................................................................
Other miscellaneous foods 1 2 .......................................
Food away from home 1 .......................................................
Other food away from home 2 ............................................
Alcoholic beverages 1 ............................................................

189.1
188.6
188.0
208.0
183.5
183.1
235.9
141.7
165.5
162.5
170.3
180.3
110.1
190.8
127.5
194.3

189.2
188.7
187.7
208.2
184.0
181.6
234.2
141.5
165.1
163.3
168.8
179.7
110.3
191.4
128.7
195.2

189.6
189.0
188.0
208.7
184.4
181.9
233.1
142.9
165.5
161.9
166.6
181.3
111.9
191.7
129.4
195.7

190.8
190.3
190.0
208.8
185.2
182.6
241.0
144.5
167.6
165.0
169.6
183.0
110.8
192.1
129.6
195.9

4.8
5.1
6.4
1.6
9.0
39.1
-2.8
2.0
2.2
1.0
13.9
-.2
-3.9
3.5
1.6
.8

2.2
2.2
1.3
2.5
-1.9
-17.1
26.6
1.1
-1.4
-.7
-6.4
-.4
1.8
3.5
4.2
2.9

1.5
1.5
.2
1.2
1.8
5.4
-8.7
3.2
.5
-1.0
3.1
.4
.7
3.0
3.2
1.5

3.6
3.7
4.3
1.5
3.8
-1.1
8.9
8.1
5.2
6.3
-1.6
6.1
2.6
2.8
6.8
3.3

3.5
3.6
3.8
2.1
3.4
7.4
10.9
1.6
.4
.1
3.3
-.3
-1.1
3.5
2.9
1.9

2.6
2.6
2.2
1.4
2.8
2.1
-.2
5.6
2.8
2.6
.7
3.2
1.6
2.9
5.0
2.4

Housing ....................................................................................
Shelter ....................................................................................
Rent of primary residence 3 .................................................
Lodging away from home 2 ..................................................
Owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence 3 4 .................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .................................
Fuels and utilities ....................................................................
Fuels .....................................................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels .......................................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 ...............................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .................
Household furnishings and operations ...................................
Household operations 1 2 .....................................................

192.3
221.7
214.3
127.8
227.6
118.5
167.6
149.7
176.1
155.4
127.7
126.1
127.9

193.0
222.4
214.8
129.2
228.1
118.7
168.9
150.9
178.6
156.7
128.5
125.9
128.6

193.9
223.7
215.3
134.3
228.7
119.0
169.0
151.0
186.9
156.2
128.7
125.9
128.3

194.4
223.8
216.0
132.7
229.0
118.2
172.5
154.7
195.8
159.8
129.0
125.9
129.1

3.4
2.8
3.3
3.9
2.5
1.4
10.8
11.8
30.8
10.7
7.4
-.3
5.6

2.3
2.4
2.9
5.1
1.8
.7
2.0
1.4
73.9
-2.6
4.6
3.6
2.2

2.5
1.8
2.7
-2.2
2.1
7.8
10.7
11.7
-9.0
13.4
5.8
-.3
5.5

4.4
3.8
3.2
16.2
2.5
-1.0
12.2
14.0
52.8
11.8
4.1
-.6
3.8

2.9
2.6
3.1
4.5
2.2
1.0
6.3
6.5
50.8
3.8
6.0
1.6
3.9

3.5
2.8
2.9
6.6
2.3
3.3
11.4
12.9
17.9
12.6
5.0
-.5
4.6

Apparel .....................................................................................
Men’s and boys’ apparel ........................................................
Women’s and girls’ apparel ....................................................
Infants’ and toddlers’ apparel .................................................
Footwear ................................................................................

120.3
117.6
111.5
119.4
122.0

120.0
117.4
110.8
118.6
123.0

120.9
117.9
113.0
117.1
121.9

120.2
117.9
111.5
120.1
121.8

-1.0
1.0
-1.1
-4.0
-5.3

-1.3
-7.2
.7
-.7
7.7

.7
5.6
-6.2
5.2
7.9

-.3
1.0
.0
2.4
-.7

-1.2
-3.2
-.2
-2.3
1.0

.2
3.3
-3.2
3.8
3.5

Transportation ..........................................................................
Private transportation .............................................................
New and used motor vehicles 2 ...........................................
New vehicles ......................................................................
Used cars and trucks 1 .......................................................
Motor fuel .............................................................................
Gasoline (all types) .............................................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment 1 ...................................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .................................
Public transportation ...............................................................

165.3
161.7
95.4
138.8
137.5
162.4
161.6
110.6
203.8
207.9

166.6
163.0
95.5
139.0
137.6
167.6
166.8
110.9
203.5
208.0

169.7
166.2
95.4
138.5
137.7
181.0
180.0
110.9
204.7
210.8

172.7
169.1
95.4
138.4
138.1
192.5
191.6
110.8
205.2
214.3

4.8
5.2
-.4
-1.4
2.5
18.5
18.3
3.4
3.5
-3.4

8.1
9.1
3.5
-.6
15.0
28.0
27.9
2.6
2.4
-2.5

-2.6
-2.9
3.4
6.9
2.1
-20.3
-20.2
4.1
4.2
.4

19.1
19.6
.0
-1.1
1.8
97.4
97.6
.7
2.8
12.9

6.4
7.1
1.5
-1.0
8.6
23.2
23.0
3.0
2.9
-2.9

7.7
7.8
1.7
2.8
1.9
25.4
25.5
2.4
3.5
6.5

Medical care .............................................................................
Medical care commodities ......................................................
Medical care services .............................................................
Professional services ...........................................................
Hospital and related services 3 ............................................

316.9
272.1
329.5
276.2
429.7

318.7
273.1
331.5
278.0
432.6

320.2
273.2
333.6
279.2
435.5

320.9
273.3
334.6
280.4
437.1

3.8
1.7
4.6
3.1
6.3

4.0
3.6
4.2
3.1
3.1

3.9
.4
5.0
2.9
6.2

5.1
1.8
6.3
6.2
7.1

3.9
2.6
4.4
3.1
4.7

4.5
1.1
5.7
4.6
6.6

See footnotes at end of table.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group-Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change for
3 months ended—

CPI-U
Jan.
2005

Feb.
2005

Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

July
2004

Oct.
2004

Jan.
2005

6 months
ended—
Apr.
2005

Oct.
2004

Apr.
2005

Expenditure category
Recreation 2 .............................................................................
Video and audio 2 ...................................................................

109.0
104.3

108.8
103.8

108.8
104.3

109.0
104.5

0.0
-.4

0.4
.8

0.7
-.8

0.0
.8

0.2
.2

0.4
.0

Education and communication 2 ..............................................
Education 2 .............................................................................
Educational books and supplies ...........................................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ..............................
Communication 2 ....................................................................
Information and information processing 1 2 ..........................
Telephone services 1 2 .......................................................
Information technology, hardware and services 1 5 ...........
Personal computers and peripheral equipment 1 2 ..........

112.4
148.3
357.1
428.0
85.4
83.2
94.8
14.2
14.0

112.7
149.0
357.0
430.2
85.4
83.3
95.1
14.0
13.5

112.9
149.8
358.5
432.6
85.2
83.1
95.0
14.0
13.4

113.4
150.7
360.6
435.3
85.3
83.2
95.3
13.9
13.4

1.1
6.4
2.3
6.7
-4.1
-4.1
-3.7
-5.2
-14.3

.7
6.3
3.1
6.6
-4.5
-5.1
-4.1
-7.9
-17.1

2.2
5.9
4.3
5.8
-.5
-1.0
.8
-8.0
-15.5

3.6
6.6
4.0
7.0
-.5
.0
2.1
-8.2
-16.1

.9
6.3
2.7
6.7
-4.3
-4.6
-3.9
-6.6
-15.7

2.9
6.3
4.1
6.4
-.5
-.5
1.5
-8.1
-15.8

Other goods and services ........................................................
Tobacco and smoking products 1 ...........................................
Personal care .........................................................................
Personal care products 1 ......................................................
Personal care services 1 ......................................................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........................................

309.6
493.9
183.7
153.1
201.9
298.8

310.6
496.1
184.3
153.9
202.9
299.2

311.0
496.6
184.5
153.0
203.3
299.9

311.1
497.0
184.5
153.4
203.3
300.8

2.5
6.2
1.6
-2.8
2.9
2.9

2.5
1.5
2.9
1.6
3.9
3.4

3.6
10.0
1.8
-2.3
5.1
2.7

2.0
2.5
1.8
.8
2.8
2.7

2.5
3.8
2.2
-.6
3.4
3.2

2.8
6.2
1.8
-.8
3.9
2.7

156.2
189.1
137.8
159.4
120.3
185.2
115.7
226.2
230.8
118.5
155.4
127.7
127.9
222.3
329.5
265.0

156.8
189.2
138.5
159.9
120.0
188.5
115.8
226.9
231.7
118.7
156.7
128.5
128.6
222.3
331.5
265.5

158.2
189.6
140.4
162.6
120.9
194.6
115.5
227.9
233.0
119.0
156.2
128.7
128.3
223.1
333.6
266.0

159.7
190.8
142.0
166.1
120.2
200.2
115.3
228.6
233.2
118.2
159.8
129.0
129.1
224.0
334.6
266.8

3.2
4.8
2.1
9.6
-1.0
7.3
-1.4
3.3
2.9
1.4
10.7
7.4
5.6
2.0
4.6
2.3

4.5
2.2
5.7
7.5
-1.3
14.4
2.5
2.2
2.3
.7
-2.6
4.6
2.2
1.8
4.2
2.3

-1.0
1.5
-2.3
-4.2
.7
-10.5
2.5
3.1
1.8
7.8
13.4
5.8
5.5
.9
5.0
3.2

9.3
3.6
12.8
17.9
-.3
36.6
-1.4
4.3
4.2
-1.0
11.8
4.1
3.8
3.1
6.3
2.7

3.8
3.5
3.9
8.6
-1.2
10.8
.5
2.7
2.6
1.0
3.8
6.0
3.9
1.9
4.4
2.3

4.0
2.6
5.0
6.3
.2
10.6
.5
3.7
3.0
3.3
12.6
5.0
4.6
2.0
5.7
3.0

191.8
181.6
184.9
139.8
161.4
185.0
174.4
237.9
217.6
155.1
196.8
198.9
140.4
164.0
233.4

192.5
182.2
185.5
140.6
162.1
188.3
174.7
238.2
218.2
158.2
197.1
199.4
140.4
169.1
234.1

193.9
183.4
186.7
142.5
164.6
193.9
176.3
238.9
219.0
164.6
197.8
200.1
140.4
182.3
235.2

194.9
184.8
187.7
144.0
167.9
198.9
179.0
240.5
219.7
172.0
198.1
200.2
140.3
193.7
235.6

2.8
3.4
3.3
2.0
9.0
7.3
7.0
3.9
3.2
14.9
2.3
1.9
-.9
19.0
2.8

3.4
3.6
3.1
5.9
7.4
13.2
4.7
2.2
2.3
14.4
2.3
2.3
1.4
30.6
2.5

1.3
1.1
1.1
-2.5
-4.1
-9.9
-1.4
4.7
2.8
-6.0
2.1
2.0
1.7
-19.8
2.4

6.6
7.2
6.2
12.6
17.1
33.6
11.0
4.4
3.9
51.2
2.7
2.6
-.3
94.6
3.8

3.1
3.5
3.2
4.0
8.2
10.2
5.8
3.0
2.7
14.6
2.3
2.1
.3
24.7
2.6

3.9
4.1
3.6
4.7
6.0
9.7
4.6
4.6
3.4
19.3
2.4
2.3
.7
24.9
3.1

Commodity and service group
Commodities ..............................................................................
Food and beverages ................................................................
Commodities less food and beverages ....................................
Nondurables less food and beverages ...................................
Apparel .................................................................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ..................
Durables .................................................................................
Services ......................................................................................
Rent of shelter 4 .......................................................................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .....................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .....................................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .....................
Household operations 1 2 .........................................................
Transportation services ............................................................
Medical care services ...............................................................
Other services ..........................................................................
Special indexes
All items less food ......................................................................
All items less shelter ...................................................................
All items less medical care .........................................................
Commodities less food ...............................................................
Nondurables less food ................................................................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............................................
Nondurables ...............................................................................
Services less rent of shelter 4 ....................................................
Services less medical care services ...........................................
Energy ........................................................................................
All items less energy ..................................................................
All items less food and energy .................................................
Commodities less food and energy commodities ...................
Energy commodities .............................................................
Services less energy services ................................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other

item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.

4 Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-U

Indexes
1

U.S. city average ............................................

Percent change to
Apr.2005 from—

Pricing
schedule
Jan.
2005

Feb.
2005

Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

Apr.
2004

Feb.
2005

Percent change to
Mar.2005 from—

Mar.
2005

Mar.
2004

Jan.
2005

Feb.
2005

M

190.7

191.8

193.3

194.6

3.5

1.5

0.7

3.1

1.4

0.8

Northeast urban ..............................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................

M
M
M

202.6
205.0
119.4

203.6
206.0
120.1

206.0
208.6
121.3

206.9
209.3
122.0

3.8
3.9
3.3

1.6
1.6
1.6

.4
.3
.6

3.7
3.9
3.3

1.7
1.8
1.6

1.2
1.3
1.0

Midwest urban ................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................................

M
M
M

184.1
185.9
117.3

185.2
187.1
118.1

186.3
188.3
118.7

187.7
189.6
119.6

3.4
3.2
3.5

1.3
1.3
1.3

.8
.7
.8

2.9
2.8
3.0

1.2
1.3
1.2

.6
.6
.5

M

178.2

179.2

179.9

181.7

4.5

1.4

1.0

3.3

1.0

.4

South urban ....................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................................

M
M
M

183.6
185.2
117.1

184.7
186.6
117.7

185.9
187.9
118.4

187.3
189.1
119.3

3.5
3.6
3.2

1.4
1.3
1.4

.8
.6
.8

3.2
3.4
3.0

1.3
1.5
1.1

.6
.7
.6

M

182.3

183.1

184.5

187.2

4.8

2.2

1.5

3.8

1.2

.8

West urban .....................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................

M
M
M

194.5
196.7
119.5

195.7
198.3
119.6

197.1
199.8
120.4

198.6
201.3
121.4

3.3
3.4
3.1

1.5
1.5
1.5

.8
.8
.8

2.5
2.7
2.1

1.3
1.6
.8

.7
.8
.7

M
M
M

174.3
117.9
183.0

175.5
118.5
183.7

177.0
119.2
184.8

178.1
120.1
186.9

3.5
3.3
4.2

1.5
1.4
1.7

.6
.8
1.1

3.2
2.8
3.3

1.5
1.1
1.0

.9
.6
.6

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ...................
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA ...
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .........................................

M
M

189.9
195.4

190.5
197.4

191.3
199.2

193.2
201.1

3.2
4.8

1.4
1.9

1.0
1.0

2.7
4.0

.7
1.9

.4
.9

M

208.1

208.9

212.4

212.5

4.2

1.7

.0

4.4

2.1

1.7

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .....
Cleveland-Akron, OH ......................................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .....................................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV 6 ......

1
1
1
1

211.3
183.3
180.0
121.3

-

214.2
186.3
181.3
122.7

-

-

-

-

2.6
3.5
2.0
3.9

1.4
1.6
.7
1.2

-

Atlanta, GA .....................................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI ..............................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ....................
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL .............................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD ........................................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ...........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ....................

2
2
2
2

-

185.3
187.8
174.6
190.6

-

188.0
189.8
175.0
193.2

3.1
2.8
3.1
4.3

1.5
1.1
.2
1.4

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

200.1
201.2
197.6

-

203.3
202.5
201.3

4.4
2.1
3.6

1.6
.6
1.9

-

-

-

-

Region and area size2

Size classes
A 4 ..............................................................
B/C 3 ...........................................................
D .................................................................
Selected local areas5

1 Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas;
most other goods and services priced as indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually
and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and July issues of the CPI
Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN;
Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS;
Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ;
Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA;

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program.
Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is,
therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement
error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national
index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national
average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
2004

Unadjusted
indexes
Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 2005 from—
Apr.
2004

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from—

Mar.
2005

Jan. to
Feb.

Feb. to
Mar.

Mar. to
Apr.

Expenditure category
All items ......................................................................................
All items (1967=100) ..................................................................

100.000

188.6
561.9

190.2
566.4

3.7

0.8

0.4

0.6

0.6

-

-

-

-

-

-

Food and beverages ................................................................
Food .......................................................................................
Food at home .......................................................................
Cereals and bakery products .............................................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ............................................
Dairy and related products .................................................
Fruits and vegetables .........................................................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials ..............
Other food at home ............................................................
Sugar and sweets .............................................................
Fats and oils .....................................................................
Other foods 1 ....................................................................
Other miscellaneous foods 1 2 .......................................
Food away from home 1 .......................................................
Other food away from home 2 ............................................
Alcoholic beverages 1 ............................................................

17.024
15.940
9.540
1.342
2.845
.962
1.407
1.051
1.934
.311
.311
1.312
.341
6.400
.251
1.084

189.1
188.5
187.4
208.4
184.3
181.3
231.3
143.0
165.3
161.8
167.2
181.7
112.5
191.6
129.1
196.0

190.1
189.6
188.9
209.0
184.5
182.1
237.5
144.1
167.0
163.9
169.4
183.4
111.1
192.0
129.2
196.2

3.0
3.1
3.1
1.7
3.0
4.9
5.3
3.6
1.5
1.2
2.0
1.4
.1
3.2
3.9
2.1

.5
.6
.8
.3
.1
.4
2.7
.8
1.0
1.3
1.3
.9
-1.2
.2
.1
.1

.1
.1
-.1
.2
.3
-.9
-.6
-.3
-.2
.9
-.9
-.3
.2
.3
.9
.4

.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2
-.4
1.1
.2
-1.0
-1.1
.8
1.4
.2
.6
.4

.6
.7
1.0
.0
.3
.4
3.2
1.3
1.2
1.9
1.7
.9
-1.2
.2
.2
.1

Housing ....................................................................................
Shelter ....................................................................................
Rent of primary residence 3 .................................................
Lodging away from home 2 ..................................................
Owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence 3 4 .................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .................................
Fuels and utilities ....................................................................
Fuels .....................................................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels .......................................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 ...............................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .................
Household furnishings and operations ...................................
Household operations 1 2 .....................................................

38.973
29.902
8.025
1.742
19.795
.339
5.288
4.336
.281
4.055
.952
3.783
.321

188.9
216.8
214.6
137.1
207.4
119.4
165.7
146.8
195.3
151.8
129.2
121.9
130.2

189.4
216.9
215.2
135.2
207.7
118.5
168.6
149.8
199.2
155.0
129.4
122.1
131.3

3.2
2.6
3.0
4.2
2.3
2.2
8.7
9.3
33.8
8.0
5.6
.7
4.5

.3
.0
.3
-1.4
.1
-.8
1.8
2.0
2.0
2.1
.2
.2
.8

.4
.4
.2
1.7
.4
.1
.8
.7
1.3
.7
.6
-.2
.4

.3
.4
.3
2.9
.1
.4
.1
.1
4.9
-.3
.2
-.1
-.5

.3
.1
.3
-1.1
.1
-.8
2.1
2.5
4.8
2.3
.2
.1
.8

Apparel .....................................................................................
Men’s and boys’ apparel ........................................................
Women’s and girls’ apparel ....................................................
Infants’ and toddlers’ apparel .................................................
Footwear ................................................................................

4.208
1.063
1.664
.242
.991

123.0
119.6
116.8
121.9
121.7

123.2
119.9
116.1
124.1
122.7

-.5
-.6
-1.9
.6
2.6

.2
.3
-.6
1.8
.8

-.1
.0
-.5
-1.1
1.1

.5
.6
1.7
-1.4
-.8

-.7
-.4
-1.6
2.1
-.2

Transportation ..........................................................................
Private transportation .............................................................
New and used motor vehicles 2 ...........................................
New vehicles ......................................................................
Used cars and trucks 1 .......................................................
Motor fuel .............................................................................
Gasoline (all types) .............................................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment 1 ...................................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .................................
Public transportation ...............................................................

19.845
19.072
9.146
4.725
3.536
4.843
4.803
.449
1.357
.773

167.6
164.9
94.5
140.0
138.5
176.5
175.7
110.5
206.9
209.0

172.2
169.5
94.5
139.7
138.9
194.5
193.7
110.4
207.2
213.3

7.7
7.9
2.1
.7
5.1
24.3
24.3
2.7
3.4
1.9

2.7
2.8
.0
-.2
.3
10.2
10.2
-.1
.1
2.1

.8
.9
.1
.1
.1
3.2
3.2
.3
.0
.0

2.1
2.1
-.1
-.4
.1
8.0
8.0
.1
.6
1.4

1.8
1.8
.1
-.1
.3
6.3
6.3
-.1
.2
1.5

Medical care .............................................................................
Medical care commodities ......................................................
Medical care services .............................................................
Professional services ...........................................................
Hospital and related services 3 ............................................

5.014
1.126
3.888
2.270
1.276

320.3
266.6
334.8
282.3
433.6

321.1
266.9
335.8
283.6
433.4

4.4
1.7
5.1
3.8
5.8

.2
.1
.3
.5
.0

.6
.3
.7
.6
.6

.4
.0
.5
.3
.7

.3
.0
.4
.4
.3

See footnotes at end of table.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category
and commodity and service group-Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

CPI-W

Relative
importance,
December
2004

Unadjusted
indexes
Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 2005 from—
Apr.
2004

Seasonally adjusted
percent change from—

Mar.
2005

Jan. to
Feb.

Feb. to
Mar.

Mar. to
Apr.

Expenditure category
Recreation 2 .............................................................................
Video and audio 2 ...................................................................

5.546
1.878

106.5
103.9

106.8
104.0

0.1
.1

0.3
.1

-0.2
-.3

0.0
.4

0.1
.1

Education and communication 2 ..............................................
Education 2 .............................................................................
Educational books and supplies ...........................................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ..............................
Communication 2 ....................................................................
Information and information processing 1 2 ..........................
Telephone services 1 2 .......................................................
Information technology, hardware and services 1 5 ...........
Personal computers and peripheral equipment 1 2 ..........

5.498
2.361
.217
2.145
3.137
2.990
2.473
.517
.171

110.7
147.8
362.4
418.0
86.8
85.3
95.1
14.5
13.2

110.8
148.0
363.1
418.5
87.0
85.5
95.4
14.5
13.2

1.1
5.9
3.6
6.2
-2.2
-2.3
-1.3
-6.5
-15.4

.1
.1
.2
.1
.2
.2
.3
.0
.0

.3
.5
.0
.6
.0
.0
.4
-1.4
-2.9

.1
.5
.4
.5
-.2
-.2
-.2
-.7
-.8

.4
.5
.6
.5
.2
.2
.3
.0
.0

Other goods and services ........................................................
Tobacco and smoking products 1 ...........................................
Personal care .........................................................................
Personal care products 1 ......................................................
Personal care services 1 ......................................................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........................................

3.891
1.244
2.648
.712
.611
1.160

319.6
497.4
183.0
153.3
203.6
300.8

319.9
497.8
183.2
153.6
203.6
301.5

2.8
5.0
1.7
-1.0
3.6
2.9

.1
.1
.1
.2
.0
.2

.4
.4
.3
.6
.4
-.1

.0
.1
-.1
-.6
.1
.2

.0
.1
.0
.2
.0
.3

44.809
17.024
27.786
15.322
4.208
11.113
12.464
55.191
29.562
.339
4.055
.952
.321
6.166
3.888
9.907

159.2
189.1
142.2
167.8
123.0
199.4
115.3
223.2
208.8
119.4
151.8
129.2
130.2
224.0
334.8
258.1

161.5
190.1
145.0
173.6
123.2
208.9
115.3
223.8
208.9
118.5
155.0
129.4
131.3
224.8
335.8
258.7

4.3
3.0
5.1
8.2
-.5
11.7
1.2
3.1
2.6
2.2
8.0
5.6
4.5
2.1
5.1
2.3

1.4
.5
2.0
3.5
.2
4.8
.0
.3
.0
-.8
2.1
.2
.8
.4
.3
.2

.4
.1
.6
.4
-.1
2.0
.1
.4
.4
.1
.7
.6
.4
.0
.7
.2

1.0
.2
1.5
1.8
.5
3.6
-.3
.3
.4
.4
-.3
.2
-.5
.3
.5
.2

1.0
.6
1.2
2.3
-.7
2.9
.0
.4
.1
-.8
2.3
.2
.8
.3
.4
.3

84.060
70.098
94.986
28.870
16.406
12.197
32.346
25.628
51.303
9.179
90.821
74.881
23.745
5.124
51.136

188.5
180.4
183.1
144.1
169.5
198.3
179.0
211.6
214.7
160.9
192.9
194.2
141.3
178.1
231.1
$ .530
$ .178

190.1
182.4
184.6
146.8
175.1
206.9
182.5
212.7
215.4
171.4
193.3
194.5
141.4
195.5
231.4
$ .526
$ .177

3.8
4.1
3.6
4.9
7.8
10.9
5.5
3.7
3.0
17.4
2.3
2.2
.9
24.8
2.7

.8
1.1
.8
1.9
3.3
4.3
2.0
.5
.3
6.5
.2
.2
.1
9.8
.1

.4
.4
.3
.6
.5
1.8
.3
.2
.3
2.0
.2
.3
.0
3.1
.3

.7
.7
.6
1.5
1.7
3.5
1.0
.2
.2
4.4
.2
.2
.0
7.9
.3

.6
.8
.7
1.1
2.1
2.5
1.5
.7
.4
4.6
.2
.1
-.1
6.2
.2

-

-

-

-

-

Commodity and service group
Commodities ..............................................................................
Food and beverages ................................................................
Commodities less food and beverages ....................................
Nondurables less food and beverages ...................................
Apparel .................................................................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ..................
Durables .................................................................................
Services ......................................................................................
Rent of shelter 4 .......................................................................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .....................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .....................................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .....................
Household operations 1 2 .........................................................
Transportation services ............................................................
Medical care services ...............................................................
Other services ..........................................................................
Special indexes
All items less food ......................................................................
All items less shelter ...................................................................
All items less medical care .........................................................
Commodities less food ...............................................................
Nondurables less food ................................................................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............................................
Nondurables ...............................................................................
Services less rent of shelter 4 ....................................................
Services less medical care services ...........................................
Energy ........................................................................................
All items less energy ..................................................................
All items less food and energy .................................................
Commodities less food and energy commodities ...................
Energy commodities .............................................................
Services less energy services ................................................
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1982-84=$1.00) ......
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar (1967=$1.00) ...........

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other

item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.

-

4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.
- Data not available.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by
expenditure category and commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change for
3 months ended—

CPI-W
Jan.
2005

Feb.
2005

Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

July
2004

Oct.
2004

Jan.
2005

6 months
ended—
Apr.
2005

Oct.
2004

Apr.
2005

Expenditure category
All items ......................................................................................

186.9

187.6

188.7

189.9

3.5

3.3

1.3

6.6

3.4

3.9

Food and beverages ................................................................
Food .......................................................................................
Food at home .......................................................................
Cereals and bakery products .............................................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ............................................
Dairy and related products .................................................
Fruits and vegetables .........................................................
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials ..............
Other food at home ............................................................
Sugar and sweets .............................................................
Fats and oils .....................................................................
Other foods 1 ....................................................................
Other miscellaneous foods 1 2 .......................................
Food away from home 1 .......................................................
Other food away from home 2 ............................................
Alcoholic beverages 1 ............................................................

188.5
188.0
187.1
207.8
183.5
183.0
233.1
141.1
165.1
161.5
170.2
180.8
110.7
190.6
127.3
194.4

188.6
188.1
186.9
208.3
184.0
181.4
231.8
140.7
164.8
162.9
168.6
180.2
110.9
191.2
128.4
195.2

189.0
188.5
187.3
208.7
184.4
181.7
230.9
142.2
165.1
161.3
166.7
181.7
112.5
191.6
129.2
196.0

190.2
189.8
189.2
208.8
185.0
182.4
238.4
144.1
167.1
164.3
169.6
183.4
111.1
192.0
129.4
196.2

5.1
5.5
6.9
1.8
9.5
40.4
-2.6
1.7
2.0
.5
14.2
-.2
-4.6
3.3
2.3
.2

2.2
1.9
.9
2.0
-1.7
-17.7
28.0
.9
-1.7
.2
-6.8
-.9
2.2
3.7
4.2
3.6

1.3
1.3
.2
1.2
1.5
5.9
-9.8
3.5
.7
-2.4
3.1
1.1
1.5
2.8
2.9
1.0

3.7
3.9
4.6
1.9
3.3
-1.3
9.4
8.8
4.9
7.1
-1.4
5.9
1.5
3.0
6.8
3.8

3.6
3.7
3.9
1.9
3.7
7.5
11.6
1.3
.1
.4
3.2
-.6
-1.3
3.5
3.2
1.9

2.5
2.6
2.4
1.6
2.4
2.2
-.7
6.1
2.8
2.2
.8
3.5
1.5
2.9
4.8
2.4

Housing ....................................................................................
Shelter ....................................................................................
Rent of primary residence 3 .................................................
Lodging away from home 2 ..................................................
Owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence 3 4 .................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .................................
Fuels and utilities ....................................................................
Fuels .....................................................................................
Fuel oil and other fuels .......................................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 ...............................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .................
Household furnishings and operations ...................................
Household operations 1 2 .....................................................

187.7
214.8
213.5
127.3
206.4
118.8
166.7
148.2
175.1
154.5
128.0
121.9
130.3

188.4
215.6
214.0
129.5
207.2
118.9
168.0
149.3
177.3
155.6
128.8
121.7
130.8

189.0
216.4
214.6
133.3
207.4
119.4
168.1
149.4
186.0
155.2
129.0
121.6
130.2

189.6
216.6
215.2
131.8
207.7
118.5
171.6
153.1
194.9
158.8
129.3
121.7
131.3

3.3
2.7
3.1
3.2
2.6
1.0
11.1
11.9
32.8
10.7
7.4
-1.3
6.2

2.4
2.3
3.1
3.2
1.8
.7
1.5
.8
76.2
-2.9
4.9
4.0
1.3

2.8
1.9
2.7
-3.7
2.0
8.1
10.2
11.3
-10.8
13.2
6.2
.3
7.7

4.1
3.4
3.2
14.9
2.5
-1.0
12.3
13.9
53.5
11.6
4.1
-.7
3.1

2.8
2.5
3.1
3.2
2.2
.9
6.2
6.2
53.0
3.7
6.1
1.3
3.7

3.5
2.6
2.9
5.2
2.3
3.5
11.2
12.6
17.0
12.4
5.1
-.2
5.4

Apparel .....................................................................................
Men’s and boys’ apparel ........................................................
Women’s and girls’ apparel ....................................................
Infants’ and toddlers’ apparel .................................................
Footwear ................................................................................

120.1
117.1
111.5
123.0
120.9

120.0
117.1
110.9
121.7
122.2

120.6
117.8
112.8
120.0
121.2

119.7
117.3
111.0
122.5
120.9

-1.0
.3
-1.1
-3.9
-3.0

-1.0
-7.6
1.1
.0
5.2

1.3
4.6
-6.2
7.8
8.7

-1.3
.7
-1.8
-1.6
.0

-1.0
-3.7
.0
-2.0
1.0

.0
2.6
-4.0
3.0
4.3

Transportation ..........................................................................
Private transportation .............................................................
New and used motor vehicles 2 ...........................................
New vehicles ......................................................................
Used cars and trucks 1 .......................................................
Motor fuel .............................................................................
Gasoline (all types) .............................................................
Motor vehicle parts and equipment 1 ...................................
Motor vehicle maintenance and repair .................................
Public transportation ...............................................................

163.9
161.2
94.3
139.7
138.3
162.9
162.1
110.1
205.8
206.7

165.2
162.6
94.4
139.9
138.4
168.1
167.3
110.4
205.7
206.8

168.6
166.0
94.3
139.4
138.5
181.6
180.7
110.5
206.9
209.6

171.6
169.0
94.4
139.3
138.9
193.0
192.1
110.4
207.4
212.8

5.1
5.7
-.4
-1.7
2.8
19.0
19.4
2.6
3.6
-3.2

9.5
10.2
5.3
-.9
14.6
28.2
28.0
2.6
2.8
-3.4

-3.1
-3.6
3.5
6.9
2.1
-20.7
-20.9
4.5
4.2
2.4

20.2
20.8
.4
-1.1
1.7
97.0
97.2
1.1
3.1
12.3

7.3
7.9
2.4
-1.3
8.5
23.5
23.6
2.6
3.2
-3.3

7.9
7.9
1.9
2.8
1.9
25.0
24.9
2.8
3.7
7.2

Medical care .............................................................................
Medical care commodities ......................................................
Medical care services .............................................................
Professional services ...........................................................
Hospital and related services 3 ............................................

316.2
265.7
329.6
279.1
426.1

318.2
266.5
332.0
280.7
428.7

319.5
266.6
333.8
281.5
431.9

320.5
266.7
335.1
282.7
433.4

3.7
1.2
4.5
3.0
6.1

4.1
3.5
4.3
3.4
3.0

3.9
.3
4.9
3.4
6.7

5.6
1.5
6.8
5.3
7.0

3.9
2.4
4.4
3.2
4.5

4.7
.9
5.9
4.3
6.9

See footnotes at end of table.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by
expenditure category and commodity and service group-Continued
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes

Seasonally adjusted annual rate percent change for
3 months ended—

CPI-W
Jan.
2005

Feb.
2005

Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

July
2004

Oct.
2004

Jan.
2005

6 months
ended—
Apr.
2005

Oct.
2004

Apr.
2005

Expenditure category
Recreation 2 .............................................................................
Video and audio 2 ...................................................................

106.6
103.5

106.4
103.2

106.4
103.6

106.5
103.7

-0.4
.4

0.4
.8

0.8
-1.2

-0.4
.8

0.0
.6

0.2
-.2

Education and communication 2 ..............................................
Education 2 .............................................................................
Educational books and supplies ...........................................
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare ..............................
Communication 2 ....................................................................
Information and information processing 1 2 ..........................
Telephone services 1 2 .......................................................
Information technology, hardware and services 1 5 ...........
Personal computers and peripheral equipment 1 2 ..........

110.4
146.8
358.6
415.2
87.0
85.5
94.9
14.8
13.7

110.7
147.6
358.6
417.6
87.0
85.5
95.3
14.6
13.3

110.8
148.3
360.2
419.7
86.8
85.3
95.1
14.5
13.2

111.2
149.1
362.3
421.9
87.0
85.5
95.4
14.5
13.2

.0
5.8
2.2
6.2
-4.0
-3.6
-3.7
-5.1
-14.5

.0
6.3
4.0
6.5
-4.5
-5.0
-4.1
-7.6
-17.4

1.8
5.3
3.9
5.5
-.5
-.5
.4
-5.2
-15.8

2.9
6.4
4.2
6.6
.0
.0
2.1
-7.9
-13.8

.0
6.1
3.1
6.3
-4.2
-4.3
-3.9
-6.3
-16.0

2.4
5.9
4.0
6.0
-.2
-.2
1.3
-6.6
-14.8

Other goods and services ........................................................
Tobacco and smoking products 1 ...........................................
Personal care .........................................................................
Personal care products 1 ......................................................
Personal care services 1 ......................................................
Miscellaneous personal services ..........................................

318.2
494.9
182.3
153.3
202.4
299.5

319.4
496.9
182.9
154.2
203.3
299.2

319.4
497.4
182.8
153.3
203.6
299.9

319.5
497.8
182.8
153.6
203.6
300.9

2.7
6.5
1.1
-3.1
3.1
2.9

2.2
1.2
2.7
1.0
3.7
3.6

4.5
10.2
2.0
-2.6
5.1
3.3

1.6
2.4
1.1
.8
2.4
1.9

2.5
3.8
1.9
-1.0
3.4
3.2

3.1
6.2
1.5
-.9
3.7
2.6

157.1
188.5
139.4
163.2
120.1
190.9
115.3
221.8
206.7
118.8
154.5
128.0
130.3
223.2
329.6
257.1

157.7
188.6
140.2
163.9
120.0
194.7
115.4
222.6
207.5
118.9
155.6
128.8
130.8
223.1
332.0
257.6

159.3
189.0
142.3
166.8
120.6
201.8
115.1
223.2
208.4
119.4
155.2
129.0
130.2
223.8
333.8
258.1

160.9
190.2
144.0
170.7
119.7
207.6
115.1
224.0
208.7
118.5
158.8
129.3
131.3
224.4
335.1
258.8

3.7
5.1
2.4
10.8
-1.0
9.1
-1.4
3.2
2.6
1.0
10.7
7.4
6.2
2.4
4.5
1.6

5.0
2.2
7.1
7.9
-1.0
14.9
4.3
2.0
2.0
.7
-2.9
4.9
1.3
2.0
4.3
1.9

-1.0
1.3
-2.5
-4.3
1.3
-11.3
2.8
3.1
1.8
8.1
13.2
6.2
7.7
1.6
4.9
2.9

10.0
3.7
13.9
19.7
-1.3
39.9
-.7
4.0
3.9
-1.0
11.6
4.1
3.1
2.2
6.8
2.7

4.3
3.6
4.7
9.3
-1.0
12.0
1.4
2.6
2.3
.9
3.7
6.1
3.7
2.2
4.4
1.7

4.4
2.5
5.3
7.0
.0
11.4
1.1
3.6
2.8
3.5
12.4
5.1
5.4
1.9
5.9
2.8

186.5
178.7
181.4
141.3
165.0
190.4
176.2
211.2
213.6
154.8
191.7
192.8
140.6
164.1
229.2

187.3
179.4
182.0
142.2
165.8
193.8
176.8
211.6
214.2
157.9
192.1
193.3
140.6
169.2
230.0

188.6
180.7
183.1
144.3
168.7
200.5
178.5
212.0
214.7
164.8
192.5
193.7
140.6
182.5
230.7

189.7
182.2
184.3
145.9
172.3
205.6
181.2
213.4
215.6
172.3
192.9
193.9
140.5
193.8
231.1

3.1
3.7
3.4
2.6
10.1
8.7
7.4
3.9
3.3
15.8
2.1
1.7
-.6
19.6
2.7

3.5
3.9
3.4
6.7
7.8
14.0
4.9
1.9
1.9
14.7
2.3
2.3
2.3
30.3
2.3

1.3
.9
1.1
-2.5
-4.2
-10.4
-1.6
4.7
2.9
-7.2
2.1
2.1
2.3
-20.2
2.3

7.0
8.1
6.5
13.7
18.9
36.0
11.8
4.2
3.8
53.5
2.5
2.3
-.3
94.5
3.4

3.3
3.8
3.4
4.7
9.0
11.3
6.1
2.9
2.6
15.2
2.2
2.0
.9
24.8
2.5

4.1
4.4
3.8
5.3
6.7
10.4
4.9
4.5
3.3
19.4
2.3
2.2
1.0
24.6
2.8

Commodity and service group
Commodities ..............................................................................
Food and beverages ................................................................
Commodities less food and beverages ....................................
Nondurables less food and beverages ...................................
Apparel .................................................................................
Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel ..................
Durables .................................................................................
Services ......................................................................................
Rent of shelter 4 .......................................................................
Tenants’ and household insurance 1 2 .....................................
Gas (piped) and electricity 3 .....................................................
Water and sewer and trash collection services 2 .....................
Household operations 1 2 .........................................................
Transportation services ............................................................
Medical care services ...............................................................
Other services ..........................................................................
Special indexes
All items less food ......................................................................
All items less shelter ...................................................................
All items less medical care .........................................................
Commodities less food ...............................................................
Nondurables less food ................................................................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............................................
Nondurables ...............................................................................
Services less rent of shelter 4 ....................................................
Services less medical care services ...........................................
Energy ........................................................................................
All items less energy ..................................................................
All items less food and energy .................................................
Commodities less food and energy commodities ...................
Energy commodities .............................................................
Services less energy services ................................................

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
3 This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other

item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.

4 Indexes on a December 1984=100 base
5 Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
All items

CPI-W

Indexes
1

U.S. city average ............................................

Percent change to
Apr.2005 from—

Pricing
schedule
Jan.
2005

Feb.
2005

Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

Apr.
2004

Feb.
2005

Percent change to
Mar.2005 from—

Mar.
2005

Mar.
2004

Jan.
2005

Feb.
2005

M

186.3

187.3

188.6

190.2

3.7

1.5

0.8

3.1

1.2

0.7

Northeast urban ..............................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................

M
M
M

199.0
200.1
119.6

200.0
201.1
120.1

201.8
202.8
121.2

202.9
203.8
122.1

3.7
3.8
3.4

1.5
1.3
1.7

.5
.5
.7

3.4
3.5
3.1

1.4
1.3
1.3

.9
.8
.9

Midwest urban ................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................................

M
M
M

179.1
180.4
116.4

180.2
181.3
117.2

181.2
182.5
117.8

182.8
184.1
118.8

3.7
3.5
3.7

1.4
1.5
1.4

.9
.9
.8

3.1
3.0
3.2

1.2
1.2
1.2

.6
.7
.5

M

175.7

176.5

177.3

179.1

4.6

1.5

1.0

3.4

.9

.5

South urban ....................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................
Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than
50,000) ...............................................

M
M
M

180.5
182.6
115.7

181.5
184.0
116.3

182.7
185.3
117.0

184.3
186.7
117.9

3.8
3.9
3.4

1.5
1.5
1.4

.9
.8
.8

3.4
3.6
3.2

1.2
1.5
1.1

.7
.7
.6

M

181.9

182.7

184.1

186.7

5.0

2.2

1.4

4.1

1.2

.8

West urban .....................................................
Size A - More than 1,500,000 .....................
Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000 3 ................

M
M
M

189.5
190.1
118.9

190.5
191.6
119.0

192.0
193.2
119.8

193.7
194.9
120.8

3.4
3.6
3.1

1.7
1.7
1.5

.9
.9
.8

2.6
2.8
2.2

1.3
1.6
.8

.8
.8
.7

M
M
M

172.6
117.0
181.0

173.7
117.5
181.7

175.0
118.3
182.9

176.3
119.2
185.1

3.7
3.4
4.5

1.5
1.4
1.9

.7
.8
1.2

3.2
3.0
3.5

1.4
1.1
1.0

.7
.7
.7

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI ...................
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA ...
New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island,
NY-NJ-CT-PA .........................................

M
M

183.5
188.5

184.2
190.3

184.8
192.1

186.9
194.2

3.5
4.9

1.5
2.0

1.1
1.1

2.8
3.9

.7
1.9

.3
.9

M

202.6

203.3

205.5

206.0

3.8

1.3

.2

3.7

1.4

1.1

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT .....
Cleveland-Akron, OH ......................................
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX .....................................
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV 6 ......

1
1
1
1

210.3
174.5
180.3
120.7

-

213.1
177.2
181.6
122.3

-

-

-

-

2.7
3.6
2.3
4.0

1.3
1.5
.7
1.3

-

Atlanta, GA .....................................................
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI ..............................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX ....................
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL .............................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City,
PA-NJ-DE-MD ........................................
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA ...........
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA ....................

2
2
2
2

-

183.4
182.6
171.8
188.3

-

186.0
185.2
172.8
191.2

3.3
3.3
3.6
4.7

1.4
1.4
.6
1.5

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

200.0
197.3
192.4

-

202.9
199.3
196.2

4.6
2.4
3.8

1.5
1.0
2.0

-

-

-

-

Region and area size2

Size classes
A 4 ..............................................................
B/C 3 ...........................................................
D .................................................................
Selected local areas5

1 Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas;
most other goods and services priced as indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2 Regions defined as the four Census regions. See technical notes.
3 Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
4 Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
5 In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually
and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and July issues of the CPI
Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN;
Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS;
Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ;
Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA;

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
6 Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program.
Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is,
therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement
error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national
index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national
average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 7. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure
category and commodity and service group
(December 1999=100, unless otherwise noted)

C-CPI-U

Relative
importance,
2001-2002

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 2005 from—

Unadjusted
indexes
Mar.
2005

Apr.
2005

Apr.
2004

Mar.
2005

Expenditure category
All items ......................................................................................

100.000

112.5

113.1

2.9

0.5

Food and beverages ................................................................
Food .......................................................................................
Food at home .......................................................................
Food away from home ..........................................................
Alcoholic beverages ...............................................................

15.076
14.086
8.062
6.023
.990

112.7
112.7
110.9
115.1
113.0

113.3
113.4
111.8
115.3
113.1

2.9
3.1
2.9
3.1
2.1

.5
.6
.8
.2
.1

Housing ....................................................................................
Shelter ....................................................................................
Fuels and utilities ....................................................................
Household furnishings and operations ...................................

41.793
32.380
4.643
4.771

116.8
118.3
129.1
96.6

117.0
118.3
130.9
96.6

3.0
2.6
8.2
.1

.2
.0
1.4
.0

Apparel .....................................................................................

4.317

93.1

93.2

-.9

.1

Transportation ..........................................................................
Private transportation .............................................................
Public transportation ...............................................................

17.315
16.206
1.109

111.5
112.1
103.8

113.7
114.3
106.3

5.8
6.0
1.4

2.0
2.0
2.4

Medical care .............................................................................
Medical care commodities ......................................................
Medical care services .............................................................

5.783
1.466
4.317

125.3
116.0
128.6

125.7
116.2
129.0

4.1
1.8
4.9

.3
.2
.3

Recreation ................................................................................

5.978

103.5

103.6

-.5

.1

Education and communication .................................................
Education ...............................................................................
Communication ......................................................................

6.004
2.560
3.444

100.1
137.6
77.6

100.2
137.7
77.7

.4
6.1
-3.6

.1
.1
.1

Other goods and services ........................................................

3.734

116.1

116.2

2.5

.1

58.567
41.433
12.521
28.912
78.985
6.929

118.8
104.5
88.2
112.3
110.1
140.4

119.1
105.5
88.1
113.9
110.3
148.1

2.9
2.9
.1
4.1
1.9
15.6

.3
1.0
-.1
1.4
.2
5.5

Commodity and service group
Services ......................................................................................
Commodities ..............................................................................
Durables ...................................................................................
Nondurables ...............................................................................
All items less food and energy .................................................
Energy ........................................................................................

Indexes for 2005 are initial estimates. Indexes for 2004 are interim adjustments.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.