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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Patrick C. Jackman (202)
CPI QUICKLINE:
(202)
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202)
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202)

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

606-7000
606-6994
606-7828
606-5902

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

USDL-96-184
TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN
THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED
UNTIL 8:30 A.M. (EDT)
Tuesday, May 14, 1996
APRIL 1996

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased
0.4 percent before seasonal adjustment in April to a level of 156.3
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of
Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended in April, the CPI-U
increased 2.9 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) rose 0.5 percent in April, prior to seasonal adjustment.
The April 1996 CPI-W level of 153.6 was 2.9 percent higher than the
index in April 1995.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.4 percent in
April, the same as in March. The energy index registered its fifth
consecutive increase--up 3.2 percent in April--after declining
throughout most of 1995, and accounted for about three-fifths of the
April advance in the overall CPI-U. The index for petroleum-based
energy increased 5.2 percent in April, its largest advance since a 7.5
percent increase in October 1990, and the index for energy services rose
1.4 percent. The food index rose 0.3 percent in April, following an
increase of 0.6 percent in March. The index for fruits and vegetables-up 1.0 percent in April--continued to advance, but by substantially less
than in March. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent

after increasing 0.3 percent in March, reflecting downturns in the
indexes for apparel and upkeep, entertainment, telephone services, and
tobacco products.
Table A.

Percent changes in CPI for Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound
adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1995
1996
3-mos. ended
ended
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. Apr. '96
Apr. '96

All Items
Food and beverages
Housing
Apparel and upkeep
Transportation
Medical care
Entertainment
Other goods
and services
Special Indexes:
Energy

.3
.3
.3
.3
.1
.2
.3

.1
.0
.2
.0
-.4
.3
.4

.2
.1
.3
.1
.1
.4
.4

.4
.1
.3
.7
.7
.4
.3

.2
.1
.2
-.9
.5
.2
.8

.4
.5
.3
.6
.7
.3
.1

.4
.3
.3
-.4
1.1
.3
-.1

3.9
4.0
2.9
-2.7
9.8
2.9
3.4

2.9
2.6
3.0
.1
2.9
3.7
3.5

.4

.4

.2

.2

.4

.4

.3

4.6

4.4

.3

-.9

1.1

1.9

.4 1.4

3.2

22.0

5.9

Food
All items less
food and energy

.3

.0

.1

.1

.1

.6

.3

4.3

2.6

.3

.1

.1

.3

.2

.3

.1

2.7

2.7

During the first 4 months of 1996, the CPI-U rose at a 4.1 percent
seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with a 2.5
percent increase for all of 1995. Energy costs, which declined last
year, have increased at a 22.9 percent rate, with petroleum-based energy
advancing at a 45.3 SAAR. The food index has risen at a 3.4 percent
annual rate in the first 4 months. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U
advanced at a 3.0 percent rate in the first 4 months of 1996, the same
rate as the increase for all of 1995.
The food and beverage index rose 0.3 percent in April. The index
for grocery store foods, which increased 0.9 percent in March, rose 0.3
percent in April. Fruit and vegetable prices continued to advance, but
by substantially less than in March. A 1.0 percent increase in the
index for fruits and vegetables accounted for about three-fifths of the
increase in the April grocery store food index. The index for fresh
fruits rose 5.1 percent, while that for fresh vegetables declined 3.3
percent. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, fresh vegetable prices rose 1.6

percent.) Among the other major grocery store foods, the index for
dairy products increased 0.4 percent, and the index for cereal and
bakery products rose 0.2 percent. The index for meats, poultry, fish,
and eggs declined 0.2 percent for the second consecutive month. Within
the latter group, the index for beef declined for the fifth consecutive
month--down 0.2 percent in April--and, coupled with declines in the
indexes for poultry and for fish and seafood, more than offset increases
in the indexes for pork and for eggs. The other two components of the
food and beverage index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--each
increased 0.3 percent in April.
The housing component rose 0.3 percent in April, the same as in
March. Shelter costs increased 0.2 percent for the third consecutive
month. Within shelter, renters' costs and homeowners' costs each
increased 0.2 percent, and maintenance and repair costs rose 0.4
percent. The index for fuel and utilities, which increased 0.2 percent
in March, rose 0.6 percent in April. The index for household fuels rose
1.6 percent in April, following a 0.3 percent decline in March. The
index for natural gas turned back up in April, increasing 2.1 percent.
The index for electricity increased 1.1 percent, and the index for fuel
oil rose 5.1 percent. The index for other utilities and public services
declined 0.6 percent, reflecting a decrease in the index for telephone
services--charges for local telephone calls declined 2.4 percent. The
index for household furnishings and operation rose 0.1 percent in April,
following a 0.2 percent rise in March.
The transportation index advanced 1.1 percent in April. The index
for motor fuels increased 5.4 percent and accounted for about 85 percent
of the overall transportation increase. Since beginning its upward trek
in December, the index for gasoline has risen 15.3 percent. Despite the
sharp increases since November, gasoline prices as of April were still
6.6 percent below their peak level of December 1990. Automobile
purchase costs continued their pattern of very little movement, evident
since the introduction of the 1996 models. The indexes for new car
prices and for automobile finance charges each increased 0.1 percent in
April. The index for used cars declined 1.3 percent. The index for
public transportation increased 1.0 percent.
The index for apparel and upkeep, which increased 0.6 percent in
March, declined 0.4 percent in April. (Prior to seasonal adjustment,
clothing prices rose 0.1 percent.)
Medical care costs rose 0.3 percent in April to a level 3.7 percent
above a year ago. The index for medical care commodities--prescription
drugs, non-prescription drugs, and medical supplies--increased 0.4

percent in April. The index for medical care services rose 0.2 percent
in April. Charges for professional services and hospital and related
services increased 0.3 and 0.2 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs fell 0.1 percent in April. The indexes for
sporting goods and equipment and for fees for participant sports
declined 0.6 and 1.0 percent, respectively, more than offsetting a 0.7
percent increase in the index for admissions to movies, theaters,
concerts, and sporting events.
The index for other goods and services advanced 0.3 percent in
April, following an increase of 0.4 percent in March. The index for
tobacco and smoking products, which rose 0.7 percent in March, fell 0.2
percent in April, accounting for the slightly smaller rise in this major
group.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers rose 0.4 percent in April.
Table B. Percent changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
Seasonally adjusted
UnCompound adjusted
Expenditure
Changes from preceding month
annual rate 12-mos.
Category
1995
1996
3-mos. ended ended
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.
Apr. '96 Apr. '96
All Items
.3
.1
.2
.4
.2
.5
.4
4.3
2.9
Food and beverages .3
.1
.1
.1
.1
.5
.3
4.1
2.6
Housing
.3
.1
.3
.3
.1
.3
.3
3.0
2.9
Apparel and upkeep .3
-.2
.2
.7 -.7
.6 -.2
-.9
.4
Transportation
.1
-.3
.4
.9
.3
.9 1.1
9.5
3.1
Medical care
.2
.3
.4
.4
.2
.2
.3
2.9
3.8
Entertainment
.1
.4
.3
.4
.8
.0 -.1
2.9
3.3
Other goods
and services
.4
.4
.1
.2
.4
.3
.3
4.3
4.2
Special Indexes:
Energy
.2
-.8 1.0 2.1
.2 1.8 3.3
23.4
6.3
Food
.3
.0
.2
.1
.1
.6
.3
4.1
2.6
All items less
food and energy
.3
.2
.2
.3
.2
.3
.1
2.5
2.7

Consumer Price Index data for May are scheduled for release on
Wednesday, June 12, 1996, at 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Mar.
Apr.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 1996 fromApr. 1995 Mar. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJan. to
Feb. to
Mar. to
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

155.7
466.5

156.3
468.2

2.9
-

0.4
-

0.2
-

0.4
-

0.4
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

17.332
15.766
9.880
1.473
2.936
1.169
1.936
2.365
.327
.248
.763
1.027
5.886
1.566

152.1
151.6
152.5
172.0
142.6
136.7
183.7
142.4
142.3
140.1
129.7
154.6
151.2
157.4

152.7
152.3
153.3
173.3
141.8
137.0
188.4
142.8
142.2
139.9
129.9
155.3
151.6
157.9

2.6
2.6
2.7
3.8
3.0
3.7
2.9
1.3
4.0
2.0
-2.3
3.1
2.2
2.8

.4
.5
.5
.8
-.6
.2
2.6
.3
-.1
-.1
.2
.5
.3
.3

.1
.1
.0
-.1
.0
1.0
-.1
-.2
.1
-.2
-.7
.0
.3
.5

.5
.6
.9
.5
-.2
-.2
4.0
.5
.4
.5
.3
.7
.1
.3

.3
.3
.3
.2
-.2
.4
1.0
.4
-.1
-.2
.5
.6
.3
.3

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............

41.346
28.289
7.988
5.762
2.227
20.102
19.716
.386

151.7
170.1
180.4
160.6
219.7
175.0
175.3
159.1

151.8
170.1
179.7
160.9
216.1
175.3
175.6
159.4

3.0
3.3
3.2
2.5
4.9
3.4
3.4
1.4

.1
.0
-.4
.2
-1.6
.2
.2
.2

.2
.2
.2
.3
.2
.2
.2
.4

.3
.2
.3
.1
.9
.2
.2
.3

.3
.2
.2
.2
.4
.2
.3
.3

Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

.199
.122

137.5
143.8

138.0
143.8

2.8
3.5

.4
.0

.5
.6

.4
.6

.4
.0

.077
7.014
3.792

129.0
125.2
111.9

130.0
125.4
112.9

1.9
2.7
3.3

.8
.2
.9

.2
.6
.7

.2
.2
-.3

.8
.6
1.6

.356

99.3

102.1

15.5

2.8

.2

2.2

3.5

3.436

118.2

118.9

2.0

.6

.8

-.6

1.4

3.222
6.043
3.445
1.116
1.482

156.4
124.6
111.7
140.9
146.6

155.4
124.8
111.9
141.4
146.6

2.1
1.8
.6
4.0
2.6

-.6
.2
.2
.4
.0

.3
-.2
-.4
-.2
.2

1.0
.2
.0
.9
.2

-.6
.1
.3
.0
.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.516
4.967
1.303
2.195
.195
.732
.542
.550

134.8
131.6
129.1
129.9
133.3
128.1
154.7
158.9

134.9
131.7
129.0
130.2
133.7
128.2
153.5
158.8

.1
.0
1.6
-1.5
5.2
.8
-.6
.7

.1
.1
-.1
.2
.3
.1
-.8
-.1

-.9
-1.0
.2
-2.5
2.2
1.4
-2.1
.2

.6
.6
.8
.2
-.8
.8
2.1
.3

-.4
-.4
-.4
-.3
.3
-.7
-.8
-.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

16.953
15.430
5.027
4.015
1.342
2.908
1.535
4.618

141.2
138.3
143.6
141.5
157.3
101.4
101.1
156.9
172.5

143.1
140.3
143.5
141.3
157.4
108.6
108.2
157.2
173.0

2.9
3.0
1.7
1.4
.4
9.1
9.0
2.6
1.2

1.3
1.4
-.1
-.1
.1
7.1
7.0
.2
.3

.5
.2
.3
.3
.7
-.2
-.3
.1
.4

.7
.8
.1
.1
.8
3.6
3.7
.2
-.3

1.1
1.1
.1
.1
-1.3
5.4
5.3
.1
.5

.608

105.3

105.1

.6

-.2

.1

.1

-.1

4.010
1.523

188.3
178.9

189.0
179.3

1.3
1.5

.4
.2

.5
3.3

-.4
.2

.5
1.0

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.362
1.282
6.081
3.465

226.6
208.9
230.7
206.5

227.0
209.6
231.1
207.0

3.7
2.9
3.9
3.8

.2
.3
.2
.2

.2
.2
.2
.2

.3
.2
.3
.2

.3
.4
.2
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.367
1.975
2.392

158.4
142.7
177.0

158.6
142.8
177.2

3.5
3.4
3.4

.1
.1
.1

.8
.8
.7

.1
.1
.0

-.1
-.1
.0

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.123
1.610
1.170

213.0
230.8
149.4

213.3
230.5
149.7

4.4
3.4
2.3

.1
-.1
.2

.4
.4
.1

.4
.7
.1

.3
-.2
.2

.613
.557
4.342
.258
4.084

144.0
155.3
244.1
225.2
245.7

144.2
155.7
244.6
225.5
246.3

1.4
3.3
5.4
6.0
5.3

.1
.3
.2
.1
.2

.3
.1
.5
.4
.5

-.1
.1
.5
.6
.4

.1
.3
.4
.4
.4

100.000
42.916
17.332
25.584
15.075
4.967

155.7
139.2
152.1
131.3
132.6
131.6

156.3
140.2
152.7
132.5
134.7
131.7

2.9
2.6
2.6
2.6
3.7
.0

.4
.7
.4
.9
1.6
.1

.2
.0
.1
-.1
-.1
-1.0

.4
.7
.5
.8
1.1
.6

.4
.5
.3
.7
.9
-.4

10.108
10.509
57.084
27.671

136.2
129.5
172.6
177.0

139.3
129.5
172.7
177.0

5.5
1.1
3.1
3.3

2.3
.0
.1
.0

.4
.2
.4
.2

1.6
.2
.2
.3

1.6
-.1
.3
.2

8.681
7.068
6.081
7.583

139.6
178.5
230.7
199.2

139.6
179.0
231.1
199.5

2.1
1.6
3.9
4.2

.0
.3
.2
.2

.4
1.0
.2
.6

.2
-.1
.3
.3

.4
.6
.2
.3

84.234
71.711
79.898
92.638
27.150
16.641
11.674
32.407
29.414

156.5
151.6
156.9
151.7
132.4
134.0
137.3
142.5
180.4

157.0
152.4
157.5
152.3
133.5
136.0
140.1
143.9
180.6

3.0
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.6
3.6
5.1
3.1
2.9

.3
.5
.4
.4
.8
1.5
2.0
1.0
.1

.3
.2
.2
.2
-.1
-.1
.1
.1
.6

.4
.5
.4
.4
.8
1.0
1.3
.8
.1

.4
.5
.4
.4
.6
.9
1.4
.6
.3

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........

Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

51.004
6.700
93.300
77.534

167.2
106.1
162.3
164.9

167.3
110.0
162.5
165.0

3.0
5.9
2.7
2.7

.1
3.7
.1
.1

.4
.4
.2
.2

.2
1.4
.3
.3

.3
3.2
.2
.1

23.885
3.264
53.648

141.9
101.4
178.1

142.0
108.1
178.2

1.6
9.9
3.2

.1
6.6
.1

-.1
-.2
.3

.4
3.5
.2

-.1
5.2
.3

-

$.642
.214

$.640
.214

-2.7
-

-.3
-

-.5
-

-.5
-

-.3
-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Jan.
1996

Feb.
1996

Mar.
1996

Apr.
1996

July
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedOct.
Jan.
Apr.
Oct.
Apr.
1995
1996
1996
1995
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................

150.7
150.3
150.5
171.8
142.1
135.4
175.1
141.5
141.4

150.9
150.5
150.5
171.7
142.1
136.8
174.9
141.2
141.5

151.7
151.4
151.9
172.5
141.8
136.5
181.9
141.9
142.1

152.2
151.9
152.4
172.8
141.5
137.1
183.7
142.5
142.0

2.4

2.6

2.6

3.9

2.5

3.3

1.9
1.9
1.9
3.2
1.5
2.1
3.0
.9
4.2

3.5
3.5
4.1
3.4
9.0
2.1
3.2
.6
2.9

1.1
.8
.3
6.5
3.5
5.5
-12.2
1.1
7.4

4.0
4.3
5.1
2.3
-1.7
5.1
21.1
2.9
1.7

2.7
2.7
3.0
3.3
5.2
2.1
3.1
.7
3.5

2.5
2.5
2.7
4.4
.9
5.3
3.1
2.0
4.5

Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

139.3
129.5
153.1
150.6
155.9

139.0
128.6
153.1
151.1
156.7

139.7
129.0
154.2
151.2
157.1

139.4
129.7
155.2
151.6
157.5

2.7
-3.3
2.4
2.2
1.6

2.3
-2.4
1.9
2.4
3.2

2.9
-3.9
2.7
1.6
2.3

.3
.6
5.6
2.7
4.2

2.5
-2.8
2.1
2.3
2.4

1.6
-1.7
4.1
2.1
3.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

150.8
168.6
176.7
160.0
210.3
174.3
174.7
158.1
136.3
142.1
128.6
125.0
112.0

151.1
168.9
177.1
160.4
210.7
174.6
175.0
158.8
137.0
143.0
128.8
125.7
112.8

151.5
169.3
177.7
160.6
212.5
175.0
175.3
159.3
137.5
143.8
129.0
126.0
112.5

151.9
169.7
178.1
160.9
213.3
175.4
175.8
159.7
138.0
143.8
130.0
126.8
114.3

2.7
3.7
3.3
2.6
4.8
3.8
3.8
.5
2.7
2.3
3.5
.6
-.7

3.0
3.2
2.8
2.0
4.5
3.5
3.5
-1.5
3.6
5.8
.6
1.6
2.2

3.2
3.6
3.5
3.1
4.5
3.5
3.7
2.6
.0
.8
-.9
2.9
3.3

2.9
2.6
3.2
2.3
5.8
2.5
2.5
4.1
5.1
4.9
4.4
5.9
8.5

2.9
3.4
3.0
2.3
4.7
3.7
3.7
-.5
3.2
4.1
2.0
1.1
.7

3.1
3.1
3.3
2.7
5.2
3.0
3.1
3.3
2.5
2.8
1.7
4.4
5.8

95.5

95.7

97.8

101.2

4.6

-3.6

40.0

26.1

.5

32.9

118.9
154.4
124.4
111.9
140.5
145.7

119.9
154.9
124.1
111.4
140.2
146.0

119.2
156.4
124.4
111.4
141.4
146.3

120.9
155.4
124.5
111.7
141.4
146.5

-1.3
2.1
1.3
.0
4.5
2.5

2.7
1.3
3.3
2.9
5.0
3.1

.0
2.4
2.0
.7
4.1
2.5

6.9
2.6
.3
-.7
2.6
2.2

.7
1.7
2.3
1.4
4.8
2.8

3.4
2.5
1.1
.0
3.3
2.4

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

133.1
129.7
127.3
128.5
131.5
124.6
153.0
158.2

131.9
128.4
127.6
125.3
134.4
126.4
149.8
158.5

132.7
129.2
128.6
125.6
133.3
127.4
153.0
158.9

132.2
128.7
128.1
125.2
133.7
126.5
151.8
158.8

-.9
-.9
-1.6
.6
-12.3
-2.2
-1.6
-1.3

.9
1.3
1.6
-1.6
28.7
4.2
-.8
-.5

3.1
2.8
3.5
5.8
1.5
-5.0
3.2
3.1

-2.7
-3.0
2.5
-9.9
6.9
6.2
-3.1
1.5

.0
.2
.0
-.5
6.2
1.0
-1.2
-.9

.2
-.2
3.0
-2.4
4.2
.5
.0
2.3

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................

140.0
137.8
142.1
140.0
158.7
101.2
100.9

140.7
138.1
142.5
140.4
159.8
101.0
100.6

141.7
139.2
142.7
140.6
161.1
104.6
104.3

143.3
140.8
142.9
140.7
159.0
110.3
109.8

2.0
.3
1.4
.9
-5.0
1.2
1.2

-1.4
-.9
2.0
1.4
-.8
-14.5
-14.6

1.4
3.9
.8
1.2
7.1
16.5
16.6

9.8
9.0
2.3
2.0
.8
41.1
40.2

.3
-.3
1.7
1.2
-2.9
-7.0
-7.0

5.5
6.4
1.6
1.6
3.9
28.2
27.9

Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

156.5
171.6

156.6
172.3

156.9
171.7

157.1
172.5

2.6
-.5

2.9
3.8

3.4
-.5

1.5
2.1

2.8
1.6

2.5
.8

105.0

105.1

105.2

105.1

1.9

.8

-.8

.4

1.3

-.2

187.4
169.6

188.3
175.2

187.6
175.6

188.6
177.3

-.9
18.5

4.4
-3.9

-.6
-22.4

2.6
19.4

1.7
6.7

1.0
-3.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

225.4
207.7
229.3
205.2

225.8
208.1
229.7
205.6

226.4
208.5
230.3
206.1

227.0
209.4
230.8
206.8

3.9
1.6
4.4
4.3

3.9
2.8
4.2
3.6

4.2
3.9
4.3
4.2

2.9
3.3
2.6
3.2

3.9
2.2
4.3
4.0

3.5
3.6
3.5
3.7

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

156.9
141.3
175.3

158.1
142.5
176.6

158.3
142.7
176.6

158.2
142.5
176.6

2.6
2.3
3.1

3.7
3.2
4.0

4.2
4.7
3.7

3.4
3.4
3.0

3.2
2.8
3.5

3.8
4.0
3.4

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

212.2
228.4
149.1

213.1
229.4
149.3

214.0
231.1
149.4

214.6
230.7
149.7

4.6
4.7
1.7

5.1
5.4
4.4

3.5
-.9
1.6

4.6
4.1
1.6

4.8
5.1
3.0

4.0
1.6
1.6

143.7
155.0
242.5
222.1
243.9

144.1
155.2
243.7
222.9
245.1

144.0
155.3
244.8
224.3
246.2

144.2
155.7
245.8
225.2
247.3

1.4
1.9
5.4
3.4
5.4

4.9
4.3
5.0
6.3
5.0

-1.9
5.3
5.6
8.5
5.4

1.4
1.8
5.6
5.7
5.7

3.1
3.1
5.2
4.9
5.2

-.3
3.6
5.6
7.1
5.6

138.1
150.7
130.4
131.6
129.7

138.1
150.9
130.3
131.5
128.4

139.1
151.7
131.3
132.9
129.2

139.8
152.2
132.2
134.1
128.7

2.4
1.2
1.9
.6
.9
-.9

2.6
1.5
3.5
.3
-1.2
1.3

2.6
2.9
1.1
4.1
7.3
2.8

3.9
5.0
4.0
5.6
7.8
-3.0

2.5
1.3
2.7
.5
-.2
.2

3.3
4.0
2.5
4.9
7.6
-.2

135.3
129.0
171.4
175.6

135.8
129.2
172.1
176.0

138.0
129.5
172.4
176.5

140.2
129.4
172.9
176.8

1.5
.3
3.4
3.6

-2.4
1.3
3.1
3.3

8.4
1.9
2.4
3.5

15.3
1.2
3.5
2.8

-.5
.8
3.2
3.4

11.8
1.6
3.0
3.1

139.4
175.7
229.3
198.3

140.0
177.5
229.7
199.4

140.3
177.3
230.3
199.9

140.8
178.3
230.8
200.4

1.2
3.9
4.4
3.8

2.3
2.3
4.2
4.2

1.2
-5.3
4.3
4.8

4.1
6.1
2.6
4.3

1.7
3.1
4.3
4.0

2.6
.2
3.5
4.5

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

155.3
150.5
155.6
150.5
131.6
133.0
136.6
141.3
179.2
165.9
106.1
161.2
163.8

155.7
150.8
155.9
150.8
131.5
132.9
136.8
141.4
180.2
166.6
106.5
161.5
164.2

156.3
151.5
156.6
151.4
132.5
134.2
138.6
142.5
180.4
167.0
108.0
162.0
164.7

156.9
152.2
157.3
152.0
133.3
135.4
140.6
143.3
181.0
167.5
111.5
162.3
164.9

2.4
2.2
2.1
2.5
.9
1.2
2.1
1.2
3.0
3.2
.0
2.6
2.8

2.4
2.2
2.4
2.2
.3
-.9
-1.2
.9
3.2
3.2
-5.6
3.1
3.0

2.9
2.2
2.3
2.7
4.1
6.9
8.0
4.4
1.6
2.0
8.7
2.3
2.2

4.2
4.6
4.4
4.0
5.3
7.4
12.2
5.8
4.1
3.9
22.0
2.8
2.7

2.4
2.2
2.2
2.3
.6
.2
.4
1.0
3.1
3.2
-2.8
2.8
2.9

3.5
3.4
3.4
3.4
4.7
7.2
10.1
5.1
2.8
2.9
15.2
2.5
2.5

140.9
100.7
176.7

140.8
100.5
177.3

141.3
104.0
177.7

141.2
109.4
178.2

.9
1.6
3.5

2.3
-13.6
3.3

2.3
19.1
2.5

.9
39.3
3.4

1.6
-6.3
3.4

1.6
28.8
3.0

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Mar.
Apr.
1995
1996
1996

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 1996 fromApr. 1995 Mar. 1996

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJan. to
Feb. to
Mar. to
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

152.9
455.6

153.6
457.6

2.9
-

0.5
-

0.2
-

0.5
-

0.4
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.262
17.581
11.206
1.682
3.453
1.300
2.052
2.719
.369
.285
.885
1.180
6.374
1.681

151.5
151.1
151.6
171.6
142.3
136.6
182.7
142.1
142.3
139.9
129.2
154.4
151.1
156.8

152.2
151.7
152.4
173.0
141.5
136.8
187.7
142.4
142.2
139.7
129.4
155.1
151.6
157.3

2.6
2.6
2.8
3.8
3.1
3.8
3.1
1.4
4.1
1.9
-2.0
3.2
2.3
2.7

.5
.4
.5
.8
-.6
.1
2.7
.2
-.1
-.1
.2
.5
.3
.3

.1
.1
.0
-.1
-.1
1.0
-.2
-.1
.1
-.2
-.8
.1
.3
.5

.5
.6
.9
.4
-.2
-.1
4.5
.5
.6
.4
.3
.6
.1
.3

.3
.3
.3
.2
-.1
.4
.8
.4
-.1
-.2
.6
.6
.3
.2

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

38.888
25.976
8.091
6.616
1.475
17.695
17.366
.329
.189
.105

148.5
165.1
157.0
160.3
219.6
159.6
159.8
145.9
136.3
145.8

148.6
165.2
156.6
160.6
215.6
159.8
160.1
146.0
136.8
145.9

2.9
3.2
3.0
2.5
4.8
3.3
3.4
1.0
2.3
2.8

.1
.1
-.3
.2
-1.8
.1
.2
.1
.4
.1

.1
.1
.3
.3
.8
.1
.1
.5
.1
.3

.3
.3
.3
.1
.9
.3
.3
.1
.4
.6

.3
.2
.2
.2
.1
.3
.3
.2
.4
.1

.085
7.247
3.887

124.1
125.0
111.5

125.0
125.2
112.3

1.7
3.0
3.6

.7
.2
.7

.2
.6
.7

.2
.5
.0

.7
.6
1.5

.327

99.1

101.6

15.1

2.5

.3

2.1

3.2

3.560

117.9

118.5

2.5

.5

.8

-.2

1.4

3.360
5.666
3.367
1.149
1.150

157.0
123.2
110.2
141.3
149.6

156.1
123.4
110.5
141.7
149.7

2.2
1.6
.5
4.0
2.6

-.6
.2
.3
.3
.1

.4
-.2
-.3
-.1
.1

1.0
.2
.1
.7
.1

-.6
.1
.1
.0
.3

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ....

5.533
5.017
1.310
2.148
.251

133.9
130.9
128.9
128.6
134.7

134.2
131.2
128.6
129.5
134.8

.4
.4
1.7
-.8
5.6

.2
.2
-.2
.7
.1

-.7
-.8
.2
-2.3
2.3

.6
.6
.9
.1
-.4

-.2
-.1
-.4
.2
.1

Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

.812
.495
.516

128.8
153.7
158.2

129.0
153.0
158.2

.9
-.3
.6

.2
-.5
.0

1.3
-1.8
.2

1.0
2.4
.2

-.5
-.3
.0

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

19.020
17.847
4.958
3.591
2.432
3.584
1.619
5.255

140.9
138.8
144.5
141.0
158.3
101.4
101.2
157.9
168.1

143.0
141.0
144.5
140.9
158.5
108.6
108.3
158.2
168.6

3.1
3.1
1.8
1.4
.7
9.1
9.1
2.7
1.0

1.5
1.6
.0
-.1
.1
7.1
7.0
.2
.3

.3
.1
.2
.3
.8
-.5
-.5
.1
.2

.9
.9
.2
.1
.6
3.9
3.9
.2
-.2

1.1
1.1
.1
.1
-1.0
5.1
5.0
.1
.6

.767

104.4

104.2

.5

-.2

.2

-.1

-.1

4.488
1.173

184.1
177.2

184.8
177.5

1.1
3.0

.4
.2

.2
2.4

-.3
.8

.7
.7

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.262
1.055
5.208
2.965

226.0
206.5
230.4
207.6

226.4
207.0
230.7
208.1

3.8
2.8
3.9
3.8

.2
.2
.1
.2

.2
.0
.2
.4

.2
.1
.2
.1

.3
.4
.3
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.029
2.053
1.976

156.1
141.7
176.9

156.3
141.8
177.1

3.3
3.1
3.4

.1
.1
.1

.8
.9
.6

.0
.0
.1

-.1
-.1
.0

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.006
2.135
1.132

209.9
230.7
149.3

210.1
230.3
149.6

4.2
3.2
2.1

.1
-.2
.2

.4
.4
.1

.3
.7
.1

.3
.0
.2

.635
.497
3.739
.227
3.512

144.6
155.2
239.5
226.3
240.9

144.7
155.7
240.1
226.5
241.5

1.1
3.3
5.4
6.0
5.4

.1
.3
.3
.1
.2

.1
.1
.5
.3
.5

.0
.1
.3
.5
.3

.1
.3
.5
.4
.6

100.000
47.052
19.262
27.790
16.074

152.9
139.1
151.5
131.4
132.2

153.6
140.2
152.2
132.8
134.5

2.9
2.7
2.6
2.7
3.9

.5
.8
.5
1.1
1.7

.2
.0
.1
.0
.0

.5
.7
.5
.8
1.1

.4
.5
.3
.6
1.1

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..

Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ....................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

5.017

130.9

131.2

.4

.2

-.8

.6

-.1

11.057
11.716
52.948
25.430

135.7
129.3
169.8
158.9

139.1
129.4
170.0
159.0

5.6
1.1
3.2
3.2

2.5
.1
.1
.1

.4
.3
.3
.2

1.6
.0
.2
.3

1.7
-.1
.4
.3

8.531
7.279
5.208
6.501

128.4
176.4
230.4
195.9

128.4
176.9
230.7
196.3

2.4
1.8
3.9
4.2

.0
.3
.1
.2

.5
.5
.2
.5

.4
.1
.2
.2

.3
.5
.3
.3

82.419
74.024
82.305
93.738
29.471
17.756
12.739
35.336
27.518
47.740
7.470
92.530
74.949

153.2
149.8
143.7
149.5
132.4
133.6
136.9
142.1
160.7
164.6
105.8
159.5
161.7

153.9
150.6
144.4
150.2
133.8
135.8
139.9
143.6
161.0
164.8
109.8
159.8
161.9

2.9
2.8
2.8
2.9
2.8
3.9
5.3
3.2
2.9
3.0
6.3
2.6
2.7

.5
.5
.5
.5
1.1
1.6
2.2
1.1
.2
.1
3.8
.2
.1

.2
.2
.2
.2
.0
.0
.2
.1
.4
.3
.2
.2
.2

.4
.5
.5
.5
.8
1.1
1.5
.9
.1
.2
1.8
.4
.3

.5
.5
.5
.4
.6
1.0
1.4
.6
.4
.3
3.3
.2
.1

25.560
3.911
49.388

141.4
101.5
175.5

141.6
108.3
175.6

1.7
9.7
3.1

.1
6.7
.1

.1
-.4
.3

.4
3.7
.3

-.1
4.9
.2

-

$.654
.219

$.651
.219

-2.8
-

-.5
-

-.3
-

-.5
-

-.5
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel ..........
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Jan.
1996

Feb.
1996

Mar.
1996

Apr.
1996

July
1995

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedOct.
Jan.
Apr.
Oct.
Apr.
1995
1996
1996
1995
1996

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

1.9

2.7

2.7

4.3

2.3

3.5

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

150.3
149.8
149.8
171.6
141.8
135.2
174.5
141.0
141.2
139.2
129.0
152.8
150.6
155.3

150.5
150.0
149.8
171.4
141.7
136.5
174.2
140.8
141.3
138.9
128.0
153.0
151.0
156.1

151.3
150.9
151.1
172.1
141.4
136.3
182.1
141.5
142.2
139.5
128.4
153.9
151.1
156.5

151.8
151.3
151.6
172.5
141.2
136.9
183.6
142.1
142.1
139.2
129.2
154.9
151.6
156.8

1.9
1.6
1.9
2.9
1.5
1.8
2.7
.9
4.2
2.4
-3.3
2.7
1.9
1.1

3.5
3.8
4.4
3.6
9.3
2.1
3.2
.9
2.9
2.4
-1.8
1.9
2.7
3.2

1.3
1.1
.5
6.5
3.5
6.1
-12.3
1.1
7.1
3.2
-3.3
2.7
1.9
2.6

4.1
4.1
4.9
2.1
-1.7
5.1
22.5
3.2
2.6
.0
.6
5.6
2.7
3.9

2.7
2.7
3.1
3.3
5.3
2.0
2.9
.9
3.6
2.4
-2.6
2.3
2.3
2.1

2.7
2.6
2.7
4.3
.9
5.6
3.7
2.1
4.8
1.6
-1.4
4.1
2.3
3.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy

147.6
164.0
154.6
159.7
209.2
159.0
159.3
145.2
135.5
144.6
123.6
124.4
111.2

147.8
164.2
155.1
160.1
210.8
159.1
159.4
145.9
135.7
145.0
123.8
125.1
112.0

148.3
164.7
155.6
160.3
212.8
159.6
159.8
146.0
136.3
145.8
124.1
125.7
112.0

148.7
165.1
155.9
160.6
213.1
160.0
160.3
146.3
136.8
145.9
125.0
126.5
113.7

2.5
3.3
2.7
2.3
4.2
3.9
3.9
.3
3.0
2.8
3.6
.7
-.7

3.1
3.3
2.9
2.3
5.2
3.4
3.6
-1.6
3.0
4.3
1.0
2.0
2.6

3.0
3.5
2.9
3.1
2.1
3.6
3.6
2.5
-.6
.6
-2.2
2.6
3.3

3.0
2.7
3.4
2.3
7.7
2.5
2.5
3.1
3.9
3.6
4.6
6.9
9.3

2.8
3.3
2.8
2.3
4.7
3.7
3.8
-.7
3.0
3.6
2.3
1.3
.9

3.0
3.1
3.2
2.7
4.9
3.1
3.1
2.8
1.6
2.1
1.1
4.7
6.3

95.3

95.6

97.6

100.7

4.2

-3.1

39.4

24.7

.5

31.8

services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

118.2
154.8
122.9
110.3
140.8
148.8

119.1
155.4
122.7
110.0
140.7
149.0

118.9
157.0
123.0
110.1
141.7
149.1

120.6
156.1
123.1
110.2
141.7
149.5

-1.4
1.8
2.0
.7
4.2
3.1

3.1
1.3
2.7
1.8
4.7
3.9

.3
2.4
1.3
.0
4.7
1.6

8.4
3.4
.7
-.4
2.6
1.9

.9
1.6
2.3
1.3
4.5
3.5

4.3
2.9
1.0
-.2
3.6
1.8

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel 2/ ......
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.9
128.9
127.1
127.5
132.3
125.3
150.3
157.6

131.0
127.9
127.3
124.6
135.3
126.9
147.6
157.9

131.8
128.7
128.5
124.7
134.7
128.2
151.1
158.2

131.6
128.6
128.0
124.9
134.8
127.5
150.7
158.2

-1.2
-1.6
-1.6
1.0
-12.5
-1.9
-3.4
-1.0

1.2
1.6
1.3
-2.2
33.7
4.5
.5
-1.3

2.8
2.8
4.2
6.5
-1.5
-5.5
.5
3.4

-.9
-.9
2.9
-7.9
7.8
7.2
1.1
1.5

.0
.0
-.2
-.6
8.1
1.3
-1.4
-1.1

.9
.9
3.5
-1.0
3.0
.6
.8
2.4

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

140.1
138.4
143.2
139.7
159.8
101.2
101.1
157.4
167.6

140.5
138.6
143.5
140.1
161.0
100.7
100.6
157.6
167.9

141.7
139.8
143.8
140.2
161.9
104.6
104.5
157.9
167.5

143.3
141.4
143.9
140.3
160.3
109.9
109.7
158.0
168.5

.6
.0
1.7
.9
-4.7
.8
1.6
2.9
-1.0

-1.4
-1.4
2.0
1.2
-.8
-13.5
-14.2
2.6
3.7

3.8
4.8
1.4
1.4
7.6
16.5
17.0
3.6
-.7

9.5
9.0
2.0
1.7
1.3
39.1
38.6
1.5
2.2

-.4
-.7
1.8
1.0
-2.7
-6.6
-6.6
2.7
1.3

6.6
6.8
1.7
1.6
4.4
27.3
27.4
2.6
.7

104.2

104.4

104.3

104.2

1.9

.8

-.8

.0

1.4

-.4

183.5
169.6

183.9
173.7

183.4
175.1

184.7
176.3

-1.3
12.5

4.0
-1.8

-.7
-12.4

2.6
16.8

1.3
5.1

1.0
1.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

224.7
205.6
228.9
206.2

225.1
205.7
229.4
207.0

225.6
206.0
229.9
207.2

226.3
206.8
230.5
207.9

3.9
1.8
4.4
4.3

4.1
2.6
4.4
3.6

4.2
4.4
4.1
4.0

2.9
2.4
2.8
3.3

4.0
2.2
4.4
3.9

3.5
3.4
3.5
3.7

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

154.7
140.3
175.5

155.9
141.6
176.5

155.9
141.6
176.6

155.8
141.4
176.6

2.1
1.5
3.1

3.5
2.9
3.8

4.5
4.7
4.5

2.9
3.2
2.5

2.8
2.2
3.4

3.7
3.9
3.5

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................

208.9
228.4
149.1

209.7
229.4
149.2

210.4
230.9
149.3

211.1
230.8
149.6

4.0
4.5
1.1

5.6
5.4
5.0

2.9
-1.0
1.1

4.3
4.3
1.3

4.8
5.0
3.0

3.6
1.6
1.2

144.4

144.6

144.6

144.7

.6

5.1

-1.9

.8

2.8

-.6

Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

154.9
238.0
223.6
239.3

155.1
239.1
224.2
240.4

155.2
239.8
225.4
241.1

155.7
241.1
226.3
242.5

1.6
5.0
3.2
5.0

5.1
5.8
6.9
5.8

4.5
5.6
9.1
5.4

2.1
5.3
4.9
5.5

3.3
5.4
5.0
5.4

3.3
5.4
7.0
5.4

138.1
150.3
130.5
131.1
128.9

138.1
150.5
130.5
131.1
127.9

139.1
151.3
131.6
132.6
128.7

139.8
151.8
132.4
134.1
128.6

1.9
1.2
1.9
.6
.6
-1.6

2.7
1.5
3.5
.0
-1.2
1.6

2.7
3.3
1.3
4.4
7.3
2.8

4.3
5.0
4.1
6.0
9.5
-.9

2.3
1.3
2.7
.3
-.3
.0

3.5
4.1
2.7
5.2
8.4
.9

134.9
129.0
168.7
157.9

135.5
129.4
169.2
158.2

137.7
129.4
169.6
158.6

140.1
129.3
170.2
159.0

1.8
.3
2.9
3.4

-3.0
.9
3.2
3.1

8.4
2.2
2.7
3.6

16.3
.9
3.6
2.8

-.6
.6
3.1
3.3

12.3
1.6
3.1
3.2

128.0
174.6
228.9
195.1

128.7
175.5
229.4
196.0

129.2
175.6
229.9
196.4

129.6
176.5
230.5
197.0

1.0
1.9
4.4
3.6

2.2
2.8
4.4
4.5

1.3
-1.8
4.1
4.9

5.1
4.4
2.8
4.0

1.6
2.3
4.4
4.1

3.2
1.3
3.5
4.4

152.1
148.7
142.6
148.4
131.7
132.5
136.1
140.9
159.8
163.5
105.7
158.4
160.8

152.4
149.0
142.9
148.7
131.7
132.5
136.4
141.1
160.5
164.0
105.9
158.7
161.1

153.0
149.8
143.6
149.4
132.8
134.0
138.4
142.3
160.7
164.4
107.8
159.3
161.6

153.7
150.5
144.3
150.0
133.6
135.3
140.4
143.2
161.3
164.9
111.4
159.6
161.8

1.9
1.6
1.7
1.9
.6
.9
2.1
1.2
2.6
2.8
.0
2.1
2.3

2.4
2.2
2.3
2.5
.3
-.9
-1.5
.9
3.6
3.3
-5.6
3.1
2.8

3.2
2.5
2.6
2.7
4.4
6.9
7.7
4.4
1.8
2.2
9.6
2.3
2.8

4.3
4.9
4.9
4.4
5.9
8.7
13.2
6.7
3.8
3.5
23.4
3.1
2.5

2.2
1.9
2.0
2.2
.5
.0
.3
1.0
3.1
3.0
-2.8
2.6
2.6

3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
5.1
7.8
10.4
5.5
2.8
2.8
16.3
2.7
2.6

140.5
100.9
174.4

140.6
100.5
174.9

141.1
104.2
175.4

141.0
109.3
175.8

.6
1.2
3.3

2.3
-12.5
3.3

2.3
18.0
2.6

1.4
37.7
3.2

1.4
-5.9
3.3

1.9
27.5
2.9

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel ......................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel ............
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Apr. 1996 fromApr.
Feb.
Mar.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Mar. 1996 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1995
1996
1996

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

154.4

154.9

155.7

156.3

2.9

0.9

0.4

2.8

0.8

0.5

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

161.4
162.2
158.7
159.8

162.2
163.0
159.2
160.6

162.8
163.7
160.2
160.8

162.9
163.6
160.6
161.3

2.9
2.9
2.8
2.7

.4
.4
.9
.4

.1
-.1
.2
.3

3.0
3.2
2.8
2.7

.9
.9
.9
.6

.4
.4
.6
.1

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

150.2
151.0
148.6
152.2

150.8
151.7
149.5
152.4

151.7
152.6
150.4
153.1

152.3
152.9
151.2
153.9

2.8
2.6
2.9
2.9

1.0
.8
1.1
1.0

.4
.2
.5
.5

3.0
2.8
2.9
3.2

1.0
1.1
1.2
.6

.6
.6
.6
.5

M

146.5

146.9

147.7

149.0

3.5

1.4

.9

3.5

.8

.5

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

151.1
150.4
153.2
151.1

151.5
150.6
154.1
151.4

152.4
151.5
155.0
152.2

153.2
152.4
155.6
153.1

3.2
2.8
3.1
3.9

1.1
1.2
1.0
1.1

.5
.6
.4
.6

3.0
2.4
3.1
3.8

.9
.7
1.2
.7

.6
.6
.6
.5

M

149.9

150.1

151.6

152.4

3.6

1.5

.5

3.4

1.1

1.0

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

155.3
155.4
159.8

155.8
155.9
160.8

156.4
156.6
161.4

157.1
157.3
162.2

2.5
2.1
4.0

.8
.9
.9

.4
.4
.5

2.4
2.0
4.0

.7
.8
1.0

.4
.4
.4

Jan.
1996

Feb.
1996

Mar.
1996

Apr.
1996

Region and area size 2/

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

139.5
153.9
154.4
150.9

140.0
154.7
154.8
151.1

140.7
155.5
155.5
152.1

141.1
156.1
156.3
153.0

2.6
3.0
3.5
3.6

.8
.9
1.0
1.3

.3
.4
.5
.6

2.6
2.9
3.5
3.4

.9
1.0
.7
.8

.5
.5
.5
.7

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

154.6
155.7
164.8
160.3
152.9

155.2
156.2
165.7
161.2
153.2

156.3
157.3
166.5
162.0
152.9

156.4
157.7
166.0
162.1
153.9

2.2
1.9
2.9
2.7
1.6

.8
1.0
.2
.6
.5

.1
.3
-.3
.1
.7

2.4
1.7
3.5
2.5
1.2

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.1
.0

.7
.7
.5
.5
-.2

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

151.6
162.2
149.0
152.0
147.2
156.8

1.8
2.8
2.4
2.5
3.0
2.1

.9
.4
1.3
.3
1.2
1.0

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

-

146.2
151.3
141.5
151.1

153.0
162.8
150.9
152.4
148.9
158.4
-

148.5
152.3
143.1
152.8

2.4
2.8
3.7
2.6

-

1.6
.7
1.1
1.1

-

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

-

(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

U.S. city average ......................

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
Jan.
1996

Feb.
1996

Mar.
1996

Apr.
1996

Percent change to
Apr. 1996 fromApr.
Feb.
Mar.
1995
1996
1996

Percent change to
Mar. 1996 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1995
1996
1996

M

151.7

152.2

152.9

153.6

2.9

0.9

0.5

2.8

0.8

0.5

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

158.8
158.5
156.5
161.4

159.4
159.2
156.9
162.0

160.1
160.0
158.1
162.1

160.3
160.0
158.5
162.9

2.9
3.0
2.8
2.7

.6
.5
1.0
.6

.1
.0
.3
.5

3.0
3.2
2.7
2.5

.8
.9
1.0
.4

.4
.5
.8
.1

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

147.0
147.1
145.0
149.6

147.5
147.7
145.7
149.8

148.3
148.6
146.6
150.4

149.0
149.0
147.3
151.3

2.8
2.5
2.7
3.0

1.0
.9
1.1
1.0

.5
.3
.5
.6

2.8
2.7
2.8
3.3

.9
1.0
1.1
.5

.5
.6
.6
.4

M

144.7

144.9

145.7

147.1

3.4

1.5

1.0

3.3

.7

.6

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

149.7
148.6
149.6
151.1

150.0
148.7
150.3
151.3

150.8
149.5
151.1
152.0

151.8
150.6
151.9
153.0

3.3
2.9
3.1
3.9

1.2
1.3
1.1
1.1

.7
.7
.5
.7

2.9
2.3
2.9
3.8

.7
.6
1.0
.6

.5
.5
.5
.5

M

150.4

150.4

152.1

152.9

3.8

1.7

.5

3.7

1.1

1.1

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

152.2
150.9
156.6

152.7
151.2
157.6

153.4
152.1
158.2

154.2
152.9
159.1

2.6
2.2
4.1

1.0
1.1
1.0

.5
.5
.6

2.4
2.0
3.9

.8
.8
1.0

.5
.6
.4

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

138.5
151.1
153.5
150.2

138.9
151.8
153.9
150.3

139.7
152.6
154.4
151.4

140.2
153.3
155.4
152.4

2.6
3.0
3.5
3.7

.9
1.0
1.0
1.4

.4
.5
.6
.7

2.6
2.8
3.4
3.5

.9
1.0
.6
.8

.6
.5
.3
.7

Region and area size 2/

Selected local areas

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

149.7
150.4
160.9
159.7
150.5

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

150.3
161.1
141.5
150.0
146.5
153.9

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

-

150.2
150.9
161.7
160.5
150.5
145.9
146.5
140.8
144.7

151.3
151.9
162.5
161.3
150.7
151.8
161.7
143.1
150.3
148.0
155.4
-

151.5
152.4
162.2
161.3
151.9
148.6
147.6
142.3
146.5

2.2
1.9
3.0
2.5
1.7
2.8
2.8
3.4
2.7

.9
1.0
.3
.5
.9
-

.1
.3
-.2
.0
.8
-

1.9
.8
1.1
1.2

-

2.4
1.7
3.4
2.4
1.2

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
.1

1.8
3.1
2.4
2.5
2.8
2.0

1.0
.4
1.1
.2
1.0
1.0

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

.7
.7
.5
.5
.1
-