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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI Quickline:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902

USDL-95-168
TRANSMISSION OF
THIS RELEASE IS
UNTIL 8:30 A.M.
Friday, May 12,

MATERIAL IN
EMBARGOED
(EST)
1995

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX--APRIL 1995
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose
0.3 percent before seasonal adjustment in April to a level of 151.9
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.
Department of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended
in April, the CPI-U increased 3.1 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) increased 0.4 percent in April, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The April 1995 CPI-W level of 149.3 was 3.2 percent
higher than the index in April 1994.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
___________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.4 percent in
April, following an increase of 0.2 percent in March. In April,
the index for food rose 0.7 percent after registering no change in
March. Over 80 percent of the April food advance was due to a 7.5
percent increase in the index for fresh fruits and vegetables,
resulting in part, from a record 113.1 percent increase in lettuce
prices. Energy costs advanced 0.4 percent in April as the index
for gasoline registered its first increase since January. Excluding
food and energy, the CPI-U increased 0.4 percent, following
increases of 0.3 percent in each of the 2 preceding months.
Shelter costs, which increased 0.3 percent in each of the first 3
months of 1995, rose 0.4 percent in April.

Table A. Percent Changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
1995
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.|Apr.95 |Apr95
____________________________________________________________________
All items
|
.1
.1
.2
.3
.3
.2
.4
3.5
3.1
Food and beverages|
.0
.2
.6 -.2
.3
.0
.7
4.1
3.4
Housing
|
.2
.1
.0
.4
.3
.2
.3
3.0
2.4
Apparel and upkeep| -.2 -.3 -.2
.7 -.6
.0 -.1 -2.7
-1.2
Transportation
| -.1
.1
.2
.6
.4
.6
.7
6.9
4.9
Medical care
|
.5
.4
.5
.3
.3
.3
.3
3.6
4.6
Entertainment
|
.1
.4
.1
.4
.2
.0
.3
2.1
2.4
Other goods & serv|
.4
.4
.3
.0
.8
.1
.2
4.8
4.0
Special indexes: |
Energy
| -.3
.5 -.1
.3 -.1 -.5
.4
-.8
1.9
Food
|
.1
.1
.8 -.3
.3
.0
.7
4.2
3.5
AI - food & energy|
.2
.2
.1
.4
.3
.3
.4
3.8
3.1
____________________________________________________________________
During the first 4 months of 1995, the CPI-U rose at a 3.6
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with
a 2.7 percent increase for all of 1994. The food index has risen
at a 2.3 percent annual rate, and energy costs have increased at a
0.3 percent rate. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced at
a 4.2 percent rate in the first 4 months of 1995. This follows a
2.6 percent increase in all of 1994.
The food and beverage index rose 0.7 percent in April,
following no change in March. Grocery store food prices, which
declined 0.2 percent in March, advanced 1.1 percent. The
acceleration in April largely reflects a sharp upturn in the index
for fruits and vegetables, which rose 5.1 percent after declining
1.8 percent in March. The index for fresh vegetables rose 13.6
percent, with lettuce and tomato prices up 113.1 and 15.6 percent,
respectively. Among other major grocery store food groups,
moderate increases were recorded in the indexes for cereal and
bakery products, dairy products, and other food at home. On the
other hand, the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs declined

0.2 percent in April. Declines in prices for beef, pork, poultry,
and eggs more than offset a small increase in the index for fish
and seafood. The other two components of the food and beverage
index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--rose 0.1 and 0.3
percent, respectively.
The housing component increased 0.3 percent in April, following
a 0.2 percent rise in March. Shelter costs rose 0.4 percent in
April after increasing 0.3 percent in each of the 3 preceding
months. Within shelter, renters' and homeowners' costs each
advanced 0.4 percent, while maintenance and repair costs were
unchanged. The index for fuel and other utilities, which declined
0.2 percent in March, increased 0.2 percent in April. The index
for household fuels rose 0.2 percent, as increases in the indexes
for natural gas and fuel oil--up 1.3 and 0.1 percent, respectively-more than offset a 0.2 percent decrease in the index for
electricity. The index for other utilities and public services
rose 0.2 percent, as a decrease in local charges for telephone
services was more than offset by increases in the indexes for
interstate toll calls, refuse collection, and cable television.
The index for household furnishings and operation fell 0.1 percent
in April.
The transportation index continued its recent upward trend in
April--up 0.7 percent--despite moderation in several of the
components that were responsible for the acceleration in the first
quarter. The indexes for used car prices and automobile finance
charges, which recorded average monthly increases well over 2.0
percent during the first 3 months of the year, rose 0.4 and 1.1
percent, respectively, in April. Airline fares, however, continued
to advance sharply--up 3.4 percent in April and 10.6 percent thus
far in 1995. In addition, two components--gasoline and new cars-that had helped to mitigate these increases during the first
quarter, accelerated in April. The index for gasoline rose 0.6
percent in April after falling during the first quarter. (Prior to
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 2.2 percent in April.)
The index for new cars, which advanced 0.4 percent in the first
quarter, increased 0.6 percent in April.
In April, the index for apparel and upkeep declined 0.1
percent. (Prior to seasonal adjustment, clothing prices rose 0.3
percent.) A 1.3 percent increase in the index for women's clothing
was offset by declines in the indexes for men's, boys', girls', and
infants' and toddlers' apparel.

The medical care index rose 0.3 percent in April as it had in
each of the first 3 months of 1995. As of April, the index was 4.6
percent higher than a year earlier. The index for medical care
commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and medical
supplies--was virtually unchanged in April. The index for medical
care services rose 0.4 percent. Charges for professional services
and hospital and related services increased 0.2 and 0.4 percent,
respectively.
Entertainment costs rose 0.3 percent in April. Increases of
1.1 percent each in the indexes for newspapers and for toys,
hobbies, and music equipment accounted for more than half of the
April entertainment advance.
The index for other goods and services increased 0.2 percent in
April, following a 0.1 percent rise in March. The index for
tobacco and smoking products rose 0.3
percent.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
_______________________________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners
and Clerical Workers rose 0.3 percent in April.

Table B.

Percent Changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1994
1995
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.|Apr.95 |Apr95
____________________________________________________________________
All items
|
.1
.2
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
3.6
3.2
Food and beverages|
.0
.2
.6 -.2
.3
.0
.7
3.9
3.3
Housing
|
.1
.2
.0
.4
.2
.2
.2
2.5
2.3
Apparel and upkeep| -.4 -.4 -.3
.7 -.3
.1 -.1 -1.2
-1.0
Transportation
|
.0
.4
.4
.7
.4
.7
.6
7.2
5.7
Medical care
|
.6
.4
.5
.3
.3
.3
.3
3.8
4.6

Entertainment
|
.2
.4
.0
.4
.2
.0
.3
2.1
2.4
Other goods & serv|
.3
.4
.3 -.1
.7
.1
.1
4.1
3.8
Special indexes: |
Energy
| -.4
.6 -.1
.2 -.1 -.4
.3
-.8
2.0
Food
|
.0
.1
.7 -.1
.2
.0
.8
3.9
3.4
AI - food & energy|
.2
.2
.2
.4
.3
.4
.3
4.2
3.3
____________________________________________________________________

Consumer Price Index data for May will be released on Tuesday,
June 13, 1995, 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Mar.
Apr.
1994
1995
1995

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 1995 fromApr. 1994 Mar. 1995

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJan. to
Feb. to
Mar. to
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

151.4
453.5

151.9
455.0

3.1
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.2
-

0.4
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................

17.412
15.838
9.934
1.464
2.892
1.169
2.013
2.396
.326
.249
.796
1.026
5.904

147.9
147.4
147.6
165.3
138.4
132.2
174.0
140.7
136.4
136.8
132.9
150.5
148.1

148.9
148.4
149.2
166.9
137.7
132.1
183.1
140.9
136.7
137.2
132.9
150.6
148.3

3.4
3.5
4.3
2.7
.1
.2
13.2
5.9
.6
3.0
15.1
2.1
2.2

.7
.7
1.1
1.0
-.5
-.1
5.2
.1
.2
.3
.0
.1
.1

.3
.3
.3
.5
.5
-.2
.7
-.1
.0
.0
-.3
.1
.1

.0
.0
-.2
.1
.1
.2
-1.8
.3
.7
.2
-.2
.6
.3

.7
.7
1.1
.6
-.2
.4
5.1
.3
.1
.2
.5
.2
.1

Alcoholic beverages ....................

1.574

153.1

153.6

1.3

.3

.0

.3

.3

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.187
28.042
7.955
5.765
2.190
19.889
19.501
.389
.198
.120

147.4
164.5
174.6
156.7
208.7
169.2
169.5
157.1
134.2
138.8

147.4
164.7
174.1
157.0
206.0
169.6
169.9
157.2
134.2
139.0

2.4
3.2
3.0
2.4
4.4
3.3
3.2
4.7
3.1
4.3

.0
.1
-.3
.2
-1.3
.2
.2
.1
.0
.1

.3
.3
.3
.2
.6
.3
.2
.1
.5
.4

.2
.3
.6
.2
1.5
.2
.2
.7
.3
.7

.3
.4
.4
.2
1.0
.4
.3
.3
.0
.1

.078
7.093
3.859

128.2
122.3
109.8

127.6
122.1
109.3

1.0
.4
-.5

-.5
-.2
-.5

.5
.0
.1

.0
-.2
-.4

-.5
.2
.2

.360

89.0

88.4

-2.0

-.7

-.3

.1

-.1

3.499

117.1

116.6

-.3

-.4

.2

-.4

.3

3.234
6.052
3.508
1.088
1.455

151.9
122.6
111.2
135.7
142.9

152.2
122.6
111.2
135.9
142.9

1.5
1.7
.5
3.3
3.6

.2
.0
.0
.1
.0

-.2
.3
.4
.5
.1

.1
.2
-.3
1.3
.2

.2
-.1
.1
-.2
-.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.656
5.097
1.329
2.269
.204
.747
.548
.559

134.4
131.3
127.2
131.5
127.1
125.9
155.0
157.6

134.8
131.7
127.0
132.2
127.1
127.2
154.4
157.7

-1.2
-1.5
.1
-3.8
-.7
-.6
3.6
1.9

.3
.3
-.2
.5
.0
1.0
-.4
.1

-.6
-.7
.5
-1.3
-1.6
.1
-1.3
.2

.0
.0
-.1
-.5
.0
-.2
2.7
.2

-.1
-.1
-.9
.6
-2.1
.4
-.8
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........

17.139
15.623
5.059
4.052
1.318
3.106
1.536
4.604

138.0
135.2
140.7
139.0
154.8
97.5
97.2
152.7
170.2

139.1
136.2
141.1
139.3
156.7
99.5
99.3
153.2
170.9

4.9
5.4
3.1
2.9
15.8
5.0
5.3
2.5
6.5

.8
.7
.3
.2
1.2
2.1
2.2
.3
.4

.4
.4
.1
.3
2.7
-.4
-.4
.2
.4

.6
.3
.2
.0
1.7
-.4
-.3
.1
.8

.7
.6
.5
.6
.4
.6
.6
.3
.6

Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

.618

104.6

104.5

1.1

-.1

.6

.2

.0

3.986
1.516

185.6
174.5

186.5
176.7

7.4
.1

.5
1.3

.3
.8

.8
2.5

.8
2.6

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.266
1.291
5.974
3.416

218.4
203.7
221.8
199.1

218.9
203.6
222.4
199.5

4.6
2.0
5.2
4.2

.2
.0
.3
.2

.3
-.1
.4
.5

.3
-.1
.4
.2

.3
.0
.4
.2

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.335
1.968
2.366

152.6
137.3
170.7

153.3
138.1
171.3

2.4
1.8
2.9

.5
.6
.4

.2
.1
.4

.0
-.4
.2

.3
.5
.2

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

7.005
1.607
1.175

204.0
222.5
146.0

204.3
223.0
146.3

4.0
2.3
1.5

.1
.2
.2

.8
.4
.3

.1
.1
-.1

.2
.3
.2

.622
.553
4.223
.251
3.972

142.2
150.2
232.0
212.6
233.6

142.2
150.7
232.1
212.7
233.8

.6
2.4
5.5
4.3
5.5

.0
.3
.0
.0
.1

.3
.5
1.0
.3
1.1

-.3
.1
.3
.5
.3

.0
.3
.2
.3
.2

100.000
43.386
17.412
25.974
15.375
5.097

151.4
135.9
147.9
128.6
129.2
131.3

151.9
136.6
148.9
129.2
129.9
131.7

3.1
2.6
3.4
2.2
1.2
-1.5

.3
.5
.7
.5
.5
.3

.3
.1
.3
.1
.0
-.7

.2
.1
.0
.1
.0
.0

.4
.4
.7
.2
.2
-.1

10.278
10.599
56.614
27.422

131.1
127.7
167.3
171.2

132.0
128.1
167.5
171.3

2.7
3.6
3.4
3.1

.7
.3
.1
.1

.1
.5
.3
.3

-.2
.1
.4
.4

.7
.4
.4
.4

8.731
7.038
5.974
7.450

136.9
175.0
221.8
191.1

136.7
176.1
222.4
191.4

1.3
4.7
5.2
4.1

-.1
.6
.3
.2

-.1
.5
.4
.8

.0
1.0
.4
.3

.2
1.1
.4
.2

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes

All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

84.162
71.958
80.111
92.734
27.548
16.950
11.852
32.788
29.192
50.640
6.965
93.035
77.197

152.1
147.7
152.7
147.6
129.5
130.5
132.4
138.7
175.1
162.2
103.2
157.8
160.4

152.5
148.3
153.2
148.1
130.1
131.3
133.3
139.6
175.5
162.4
103.9
158.3
160.7

3.0
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.1
1.3
2.5
2.3
3.6
3.2
1.9
3.2
3.1

.3
.4
.3
.3
.5
.6
.7
.6
.2
.1
.7
.3
.2

.3
.3
.3
.3
.1
-.1
.1
.1
.4
.3
-.1
.3
.3

.3
.1
.2
.2
.1
.2
-.1
.1
.2
.4
-.5
.3
.3

.3
.5
.4
.4
.2
.0
.7
.4
.5
.4
.4
.4
.4

24.082
3.466
53.115

139.4
96.7
172.4

139.7
98.4
172.7

1.8
4.1
3.7

.2
1.8
.2

.1
-.4
.4

.1
-.3
.4

.2
.5
.4

-

$.660
.220

$.658
.220

-3.1
-

-.3
-

-.3
-

-.5
-

-.3
-

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Jan.
1995

Feb.
1995

Mar.
1995

Apr.
1995

July
1994

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedOct.
Jan.
Apr.
Oct.
Apr.
1994
1995
1995
1994
1995

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

3.0

3.0

2.7

3.5

3.0

3.1

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

147.0
146.7
146.6
164.6
136.9
132.0
172.7
139.9
135.4
136.1
132.8
149.2
147.4
152.3

147.4
147.1
147.1
165.4
137.6
131.7
173.9
139.8
135.4
136.1
132.4
149.3
147.6
152.3

147.4
147.1
146.8
165.6
137.8
132.0
170.7
140.2
136.3
136.4
132.1
150.2
148.1
152.8

148.5
148.2
148.4
166.6
137.5
132.5
179.4
140.6
136.5
136.7
132.7
150.5
148.3
153.2

4.0
4.3
6.0
3.0
-.9
-.9
22.3
10.0
-1.8
6.5
30.7
1.4
1.1
1.3

2.8
3.1
3.4
3.5
-.3
-1.2
2.2
10.7
.9
.9
32.9
1.9
2.5
.5

2.5
2.5
2.5
-.5
.0
1.5
11.9
1.4
.0
3.3
.9
1.9
2.8
1.3

4.1
4.2
5.0
4.9
1.8
1.5
16.4
2.0
3.3
1.8
-.3
3.5
2.5
2.4

3.4
3.7
4.7
3.2
-.6
-1.1
11.8
10.4
-.4
3.7
31.8
1.6
1.8
.9

3.3
3.3
3.7
2.2
.9
1.5
14.2
1.7
1.6
2.5
.3
2.7
2.6
1.9

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

146.5
162.8
170.5
156.1
197.6
168.4
168.7
156.1
133.1
137.3
127.5
123.3
110.7

146.9
163.3
171.0
156.4
198.7
168.9
169.1
156.3
133.8
137.9
128.2
123.3
110.8

147.2
163.8
172.0
156.7
201.7
169.2
169.5
157.4
134.2
138.8
128.2
123.1
110.4

147.6
164.4
172.7
157.0
203.7
169.8
170.0
157.9
134.2
139.0
127.6
123.4
110.6

2.0
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.3
2.2
2.2
5.7
3.4
6.5
-1.3
-.3
-1.4

2.8
4.1
2.9
2.9
2.5
4.9
4.9
3.7
-1.5
1.5
-6.5
-.6
-1.1

2.2
2.5
1.9
2.6
.2
2.7
2.7
5.0
7.2
4.2
12.5
2.3
.7

3.0
4.0
5.3
2.3
12.9
3.4
3.1
4.7
3.3
5.0
.3
.3
-.4

2.4
3.2
2.5
2.5
2.4
3.6
3.6
4.7
.9
3.9
-3.9
-.5
-1.3

2.6
3.2
3.6
2.5
6.4
3.0
2.9
4.9
5.3
4.6
6.2
1.3
.2

87.6

87.3

87.4

87.3

-1.3

-4.0

-1.4

-1.4

-2.7

-1.4

118.5
152.1
122.0
110.9
133.8
142.6

118.7
151.8
122.4
111.3
134.5
142.8

118.2
151.9
122.6
111.0
136.3
143.1

118.5
152.2
122.5
111.1
136.0
142.9

-1.7
1.1
2.7
3.3
1.8
1.8

-.3
.0
.0
-1.8
4.6
1.5

.7
4.6
2.3
-.4
.3
10.5

.0
.3
1.6
.7
6.7
.8

-1.0
.5
1.3
.7
3.2
1.6

.3
2.4
2.0
.2
3.5
5.5

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................

133.0
129.7
126.6
128.8
130.4
125.6

132.2
128.8
127.2
127.1
128.3
125.7

132.2
128.8
127.1
126.5
128.3
125.4

132.1
128.7
125.9
127.2
125.6
125.9

1.8
1.9
3.9
-.9
10.2
-.9

-4.1
-5.1
-1.3
-7.1
-2.4
-5.6

.6
.6
.0
-2.1
5.1
3.6

-2.7
-3.0
-2.2
-4.9
-13.9
1.0

-1.2
-1.7
1.3
-4.0
3.7
-3.3

-1.1
-1.2
-1.1
-3.5
-4.9
2.3

Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

151.9
157.0

149.9
157.3

153.9
157.6

152.7
157.7

9.6
2.3

-3.4
1.8

6.6
1.5

2.1
1.8

2.9
2.1

4.3
1.7

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

137.4
135.4
139.5
137.7
153.3
101.7
101.5
152.2
167.7

137.9
135.9
139.6
138.1
157.4
101.3
101.1
152.5
168.3

138.7
136.3
139.9
138.1
160.0
100.9
100.8
152.6
169.6

139.7
137.1
140.6
138.9
160.7
101.5
101.4
153.1
170.7

4.6
5.3
4.8
4.5
7.4
9.0
9.9
1.9
4.8

4.2
4.9
3.5
3.3
10.0
6.6
6.7
4.3
4.8

3.9
6.1
.6
.3
26.0
5.3
5.3
1.6
9.3

6.9
5.1
3.2
3.5
20.8
-.8
-.4
2.4
7.3

4.4
5.1
4.1
3.9
8.7
7.8
8.3
3.1
4.8

5.4
5.6
1.9
1.9
23.3
2.2
2.4
2.0
8.3

103.7

104.3

104.5

104.5

.8

-.8

1.2

3.1

.0

2.1

182.9
165.4

183.5
166.8

185.0
170.9

186.5
175.3

5.4
-2.9

5.6
-5.6

10.7
-13.1

8.1
26.2

5.5
-4.3

9.4
4.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

216.9
203.5
219.8
197.3

217.6
203.3
220.6
198.3

218.2
203.1
221.4
198.7

218.8
203.2
222.2
199.1

4.5
3.5
4.8
3.6

5.4
3.0
5.9
5.1

4.9
2.0
5.7
4.4

3.6
-.6
4.4
3.7

4.9
3.2
5.4
4.3

4.2
.7
5.0
4.0

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

152.1
137.5
169.4

152.4
137.6
170.1

152.4
137.1
170.5

152.9
137.8
170.8

3.0
3.3
2.4

.8
1.2
1.0

3.5
1.8
4.6

2.1
.9
3.3

1.9
2.2
1.7

2.8
1.3
4.0

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

203.0
220.7
145.7

204.6
221.6
146.2

204.9
221.8
146.0

205.4
222.5
146.3

5.4
6.2
2.2

3.4
4.4
.8

2.6
-4.4
1.1

4.8
3.3
1.7

4.4
5.3
1.5

3.7
-.6
1.4

142.2
149.4
229.8
210.6
231.1

142.6
150.1
232.2
211.2
233.6

142.2
150.2
232.9
212.2
234.3

142.2
150.7
233.3
212.9
234.7

1.4
3.3
5.9
4.4
6.1

.3
1.1
3.8
1.4
4.0

.6
1.9
6.0
6.9
5.7

.0
3.5
6.2
4.4
6.4

.9
2.2
4.8
2.9
5.0

.3
2.7
6.1
5.7
6.1

135.5
147.0
128.4
129.3
129.7

135.7
147.4
128.5
129.3
128.8

135.8
147.4
128.6
129.3
128.8

136.3
148.5
128.9
129.5
128.7

3.0
4.0
4.0
4.2
3.2
1.9

3.0
1.8
2.8
1.3
-.3
-5.1

2.7
2.4
2.5
1.9
1.6
.6

3.5
2.4
4.1
1.6
.6
-3.0

3.0
2.9
3.4
2.7
1.4
-1.7

3.1
2.4
3.3
1.7
1.1
-1.2

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................

Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

131.2
127.0
166.0
169.6

131.3
127.6
166.5
170.1

131.1
127.7
167.1
170.7

132.0
128.2
167.7
171.3

9.0
4.3
2.5
2.2

2.8
1.9
3.5
4.4

-3.0
3.9
3.4
2.2

2.5
3.8
4.2
4.1

5.8
3.1
3.0
3.3

-.3
3.9
3.8
3.1

137.8
171.3
219.8
189.9

137.7
172.1
220.6
191.4

137.7
173.8
221.4
191.9

138.0
175.7
222.2
192.2

.6
2.6
4.8
4.2

.0
2.6
5.9
2.8

4.2
2.9
5.7
4.5

.6
10.7
4.4
4.9

.3
2.6
5.4
3.5

2.4
6.7
5.0
4.7

151.2
147.0
151.8
146.6
129.5
130.6
132.4
138.4
174.0
160.9
105.7
156.7
159.2

151.6
147.4
152.2
147.0
129.6
130.5
132.5
138.5
174.7
161.4
105.6
157.1
159.6

152.0
147.6
152.5
147.3
129.7
130.7
132.4
138.6
175.1
162.0
105.1
157.5
160.1

152.5
148.3
153.1
147.9
130.0
130.7
133.3
139.2
175.9
162.6
105.5
158.2
160.7

3.0
3.7
3.5
3.1
4.2
3.1
7.6
3.6
2.6
2.3
3.1
3.2
3.1

2.7
1.9
2.2
2.5
1.3
.3
2.4
1.2
2.8
2.8
2.3
2.9
2.6

3.0
3.1
3.0
2.5
1.9
1.2
-2.4
2.3
4.5
3.3
2.7
2.9
3.1

3.5
3.6
3.5
3.6
1.6
.3
2.7
2.3
4.4
4.3
-.8
3.9
3.8

2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.7
1.7
5.0
2.4
2.7
2.6
2.7
3.0
2.8

3.2
3.3
3.2
3.0
1.7
.8
.2
2.3
4.5
3.8
1.0
3.4
3.4

138.4
100.2
170.8

138.6
99.8
171.4

138.8
99.5
172.0

139.1
100.0
172.7

3.3
7.7
2.7

.6
5.4
3.6

1.8
4.5
3.6

2.0
-.8
4.5

1.9
6.6
3.1

1.9
1.8
4.1

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Mar.
Apr.
1994
1995
1995

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 1995 fromApr. 1994 Mar. 1995

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJan. to
Feb. to
Mar. to
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

148.7
443.0

149.3
444.6

3.2
-

0.4
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.320
17.629
11.243
1.670
3.398
1.299
2.124
2.751
.367
.286
.920
1.179
6.387
1.690

147.3
146.8
146.8
165.1
138.1
131.9
172.7
140.3
136.4
136.7
132.2
150.2
147.9
152.7

148.3
147.9
148.2
166.7
137.3
131.8
182.1
140.4
136.6
137.1
132.1
150.3
148.2
153.2

3.3
3.4
4.1
2.8
-.1
.2
13.2
5.6
.6
2.9
14.0
2.0
2.3
1.5

.7
.7
1.0
1.0
-.6
-.1
5.4
.1
.1
.3
-.1
.1
.2
.3

.3
.2
.3
.7
.5
-.2
.6
.0
.1
.1
-.2
.3
.1
.1

.0
.0
-.2
.0
.1
.2
-1.7
.3
.7
.3
-.2
.4
.4
.3

.7
.8
1.0
.5
-.4
.3
5.3
.3
.1
.1
.6
.1
.1
.2

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 1/ .............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................

38.759
25.753
8.073
6.615
1.458
17.491
17.161
.331
.189
.104

144.3
159.9
152.3
156.4
208.5
154.3
154.5
144.2
133.7
141.7

144.4
160.1
152.1
156.7
205.8
154.7
154.9
144.5
133.7
141.9

2.3
3.1
2.8
2.4
4.3
3.3
3.3
5.2
2.8
3.9

.1
.1
-.1
.2
-1.3
.3
.3
.2
.0
.1

.2
.2
.3
.3
.7
.1
.1
.2
.3
.2

.2
.4
.4
.2
1.4
.3
.3
.6
.4
.6

.2
.3
.4
.2
1.0
.3
.3
.3
.0
.1

.085
7.329
3.958

123.1
121.9
109.1

122.9
121.6
108.4

1.7
.2
-.8

-.2
-.2
-.6

.4
.1
.2

.1
-.2
-.5

-.2
.1
.1

.331

88.9

88.3

-2.0

-.7

-.2

.1

-.2

3.627

116.3

115.6

-.7

-.6

.3

-.7

.1

3.372

152.3

152.7

1.3

.3

-.1

.1

.3

Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

5.676
3.432
1.122
1.122

121.4
109.9
135.9
146.1

121.4
109.9
136.2
145.9

1.8
.5
3.4
4.3

.0
.0
.2
-.1

.4
.5
.4
.2

.1
-.2
1.1
.1

.0
-.1
.0
-.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.661
5.136
1.329
2.214
.263
.827
.503
.524

133.2
130.3
126.7
129.8
127.4
126.8
154.6
157.1

133.6
130.7
126.5
130.6
127.7
127.9
153.5
157.2

-1.0
-1.3
.4
-3.3
-.6
-.9
2.3
1.9

.3
.3
-.2
.6
.2
.9
-.7
.1

-.3
-.3
1.0
-1.1
-2.7
.2
-.1
.2

.1
.0
.1
-.6
.2
.0
2.7
.2

-.1
-.2
-1.1
.9
-1.5
.2
-1.6
.1

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

19.183
18.027
4.982
3.622
2.382
3.819
1.617
5.227

137.6
135.7
141.5
138.7
155.5
97.3
97.0
153.5
166.3

138.7
136.8
141.9
139.0
157.4
99.5
99.3
154.0
166.9

5.7
6.1
3.1
2.9
15.7
5.1
5.3
2.6
7.0

.8
.8
.3
.2
1.2
2.3
2.4
.3
.4

.4
.5
.1
.2
2.5
-.4
-.3
.1
.6

.7
.5
.4
.1
1.8
-.3
-.3
.2
.9

.6
.5
.5
.5
.4
.5
.6
.3
.6

.780

103.8

103.7

.9

-.1

.7

.1

.0

4.447
1.156

181.9
170.1

182.8
172.3

8.2
.5

.5
1.3

.6
.7

.9
2.0

.8
2.5

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.173
1.063
5.110
2.920

217.7
201.5
221.4
200.0

218.2
201.3
222.0
200.5

4.6
1.8
5.2
4.3

.2
-.1
.3
.3

.3
-.1
.4
.5

.3
.0
.4
.2

.3
-.1
.4
.3

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.005
2.054
1.951

150.6
136.7
170.6

151.3
137.5
171.2

2.4
1.7
3.0

.5
.6
.4

.2
.1
.4

.0
-.3
.4

.3
.4
.2

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......

6.900
2.128
1.139

201.4
222.6
146.1

201.7
223.1
146.5

3.8
2.4
1.4

.1
.2
.3

.7
.5
.3

.1
.1
-.2

.1
.2
.3

.646
.493
3.633

142.9
150.2
227.7

143.1
150.7
227.8

.6
2.4
5.3

.1
.3
.0

.2
.4
.8

-.3
.1
.3

.1
.3
.2

School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

.220
3.413

213.6
229.0

213.7
229.2

3.8
5.4

.0
.1

-.1
.9

.5
.3

.4
.2

100.000
47.499
19.320
28.180
16.400
5.136

148.7
135.7
147.3
128.6
128.5
130.3

149.3
136.5
148.3
129.3
129.4
130.7

3.2
2.9
3.3
2.8
1.5
-1.3

.4
.6
.7
.5
.7
.3

.3
.3
.3
.2
.0
-.3

.3
.1
.0
.2
.1
.0

.3
.4
.7
.2
.2
-.2

11.263
11.780
52.501
25.206

130.6
127.5
164.6
153.8

131.7
128.0
164.8
154.0

2.9
4.6
3.4
3.1

.8
.4
.1
.1

-.1
.6
.3
.4

-.2
.4
.3
.3

.8
.2
.4
.3

8.584
7.220
5.110
6.381

125.6
172.8
221.4
188.0

125.4
173.8
222.0
188.3

1.0
5.6
5.2
4.1

-.2
.6
.3
.2

.0
.5
.4
.6

-.2
.9
.4
.3

.2
1.0
.4
.2

82.371
74.247
82.509
93.827
29.870
18.090
12.954
35.719
27.295
47.390
7.777
92.223
74.594

149.0
145.9
139.9
145.5
129.5
129.9
131.9
138.2
156.1
159.7
102.5
155.2
157.3

149.5
146.5
140.4
146.0
130.2
130.7
132.9
139.1
156.4
160.0
103.3
155.7
157.7

3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
2.7
1.5
2.6
2.4
3.7
3.2
2.0
3.3
3.3

.3
.4
.4
.3
.5
.6
.8
.7
.2
.2
.8
.3
.3

.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.0
.0
.2
.4
.4
-.1
.3
.3

.3
.2
.2
.2
.2
.1
-.1
-.1
.3
.2
-.4
.3
.4

.3
.4
.4
.4
.2
.2
.8
.4
.4
.4
.3
.4
.3

25.720
4.150
48.874

138.8
96.8
169.9

139.3
98.7
170.3

2.5
4.3
3.7

.4
2.0
.2

.4
-.5
.3

.3
-.2
.4

.1
.4
.4

-

$.672
.226

$.670
.225

-3.0
-

-.3
-

-.4
-

-.3
-

-.3
-

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .....................
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables ................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Jan.
1995

Feb.
1995

Mar.
1995

Apr.
1995

July
1994

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedOct.
Jan.
Apr.
Oct.
Apr.
1994
1995
1995
1994
1995

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

3.4

2.8

3.0

3.6

3.1

3.3

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

146.6
146.2
145.9
164.3
136.7
131.7
172.1
139.3
135.3
135.8
131.7
148.8
147.4
151.9

147.0
146.5
146.4
165.4
137.4
131.5
173.1
139.3
135.4
136.0
131.4
149.2
147.5
152.0

147.0
146.5
146.1
165.4
137.5
131.8
170.1
139.7
136.3
136.4
131.2
149.8
148.1
152.4

148.0
147.6
147.6
166.3
137.0
132.2
179.1
140.1
136.5
136.6
132.0
150.0
148.2
152.7

3.7
4.3
5.8
3.3
-1.4
-.9
21.8
9.0
-1.8
6.2
27.7
1.6
1.4
1.3

2.8
2.8
3.1
3.5
.3
-1.5
1.9
10.1
1.5
.9
29.8
1.6
2.5
.8

2.5
2.8
2.5
-.5
-.3
1.5
12.0
1.4
-.6
2.4
1.2
1.6
3.0
1.6

3.9
3.9
4.7
5.0
.9
1.5
17.3
2.3
3.6
2.4
.9
3.3
2.2
2.1

3.2
3.5
4.4
3.4
-.6
-1.2
11.4
9.6
-.1
3.5
28.8
1.6
1.9
1.1

3.2
3.3
3.6
2.2
.3
1.5
14.6
1.9
1.5
2.4
1.1
2.4
2.6
1.9

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................

143.6
158.6
149.9
155.7
197.8
153.6

143.9
158.9
150.3
156.1
199.1
153.8

144.2
159.5
150.9
156.4
201.8
154.3

144.5
160.0
151.5
156.7
203.8
154.8

2.0
2.3
2.2
1.8
3.1
2.4

2.6
4.2
2.5
2.9
1.8
4.9

2.5
2.6
2.2
2.3
.0
2.6

2.5
3.6
4.3
2.6
12.7
3.2

2.3
3.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
3.6

2.5
3.1
3.2
2.5
6.2
2.9

Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 1/ ...............
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services 2/ ...
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

153.8
143.4
132.8
140.5
122.5
122.8
110.0

154.0
143.7
133.2
140.8
123.0
122.9
110.2

154.5
144.6
133.7
141.7
123.1
122.6
109.6

155.0
145.0
133.7
141.9
122.9
122.7
109.7

2.4
7.5
4.4
7.5
.7
-.7
-1.4

4.9
3.8
-1.2
1.2
-3.6
-.3
-1.1

2.6
5.2
5.6
2.9
8.6
2.0
.7

3.2
4.5
2.7
4.0
1.3
-.3
-1.1

3.6
5.6
1.5
4.3
-1.5
-.5
-1.3

2.9
4.9
4.2
3.5
4.9
.8
-.2

87.5

87.3

87.4

87.2

-1.3

-4.4

-.9

-1.4

-2.9

-1.1

117.8
152.4
120.7
109.5
134.2
145.7

118.1
152.2
121.2
110.0
134.8
146.0

117.3
152.3
121.3
109.8
136.3
146.2

117.4
152.7
121.3
109.7
136.3
146.0

-1.7
.5
2.7
3.3
2.1
2.3

-.3
.0
.3
-1.4
4.0
1.4

.7
4.0
2.4
-.4
1.2
12.7

-1.4
.8
2.0
.7
6.4
.8

-1.0
.3
1.5
.9
3.1
1.9

-.3
2.4
2.2
.2
3.8
6.6

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

131.5
128.6
125.8
127.3
131.8
126.1
150.1
156.5

131.1
128.2
127.0
125.9
128.3
126.3
150.0
156.8

131.2
128.2
127.1
125.1
128.6
126.3
154.0
157.1

131.1
128.0
125.7
126.2
126.7
126.5
151.5
157.2

1.5
1.6
5.2
.0
12.1
-1.6
.0
2.4

-4.1
-4.8
-3.1
-7.4
-2.4
-5.5
1.4
2.3

.0
.0
.3
-2.2
4.7
2.6
4.1
1.3

-1.2
-1.9
-.3
-3.4
-14.6
1.3
3.8
1.8

-1.4
-1.7
1.0
-3.8
4.6
-3.6
.7
2.3

-.6
-.9
.0
-2.8
-5.4
1.9
3.9
1.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

137.2
135.7
140.1
137.5
154.0
101.6
101.4
152.9
163.6

137.8
136.4
140.3
137.8
157.9
101.2
101.1
153.1
164.5

138.7
137.1
140.8
137.9
160.8
100.9
100.8
153.4
166.0

139.6
137.8
141.5
138.6
161.4
101.4
101.4
153.9
167.0

5.3
6.3
5.4
4.5
7.4
9.0
9.9
2.7
5.8

4.9
5.3
2.9
3.0
9.6
7.1
6.2
3.8
4.9

6.0
7.1
.3
.9
26.2
5.3
5.3
1.6
9.0

7.2
6.3
4.1
3.2
20.7
-.8
.0
2.6
8.6

5.1
5.8
4.1
3.7
8.5
8.0
8.0
3.2
5.3

6.6
6.7
2.2
2.1
23.4
2.2
2.6
2.1
8.8

102.9

103.6

103.7

103.7

.4

-.8

.8

3.1

-.2

2.0

178.8
162.8

179.8
163.9

181.5
167.1

182.9
171.3

6.5
-3.9

6.2
-4.7

10.5
-9.0

9.5
22.6

6.4
-4.3

10.0
5.6

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

216.1
201.3
219.3
198.3

216.8
201.1
220.2
199.2

217.4
201.1
221.0
199.6

218.1
200.9
221.8
200.1

4.5
2.9
4.8
3.6

5.6
3.3
5.9
5.3

4.8
2.0
5.5
4.6

3.8
-.8
4.6
3.7

5.1
3.1
5.4
4.4

4.3
.6
5.1
4.1

Entertainment ..............................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

150.1
136.8
169.2

150.4
136.9
169.9

150.4
136.5
170.5

150.9
137.1
170.8

3.0
3.0
2.9

.8
.9
.7

3.3
1.8
4.6

2.1
.9
3.8

1.9
1.9
1.8

2.7
1.3
4.2

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

200.2
220.9
146.0

201.6
222.0
146.4

201.9
222.2
146.1

202.2
222.6
146.5

5.4
6.8
1.7

3.5
4.0
1.1

2.0
-4.1
1.4

4.1
3.1
1.4

4.5
5.4
1.4

3.0
-.5
1.4

143.1
149.5
225.6
212.3
226.8

143.4
150.1
227.5
212.1
228.9

142.9
150.2
228.2
213.1
229.5

143.1
150.7
228.6
213.9
229.9

.8
2.7
6.0
4.7
6.0

.8
1.1
3.9
-1.1
4.2

.8
2.4
6.1
8.9
5.8

.0
3.2
5.4
3.0
5.6

.8
1.9
4.9
1.8
5.1

.4
2.8
5.7
6.0
5.7

135.3
146.6
128.3
128.8
128.6

135.7
147.0
128.6
128.8
128.2

135.8
147.0
128.9
128.9
128.2

136.3
148.0
129.2
129.1
128.0

3.4
4.3
3.7
4.5
3.2
1.6

2.8
1.8
2.8
1.6
.0
-4.8

3.0
2.7
2.5
2.5
1.6
.0

3.6
3.0
3.9
2.8
.9
-1.9

3.1
3.0
3.2
3.0
1.6
-1.7

3.3
2.8
3.2
2.7
1.3
-.9

130.9
126.7
163.5
152.5

130.8
127.5
164.0
153.1

130.6
128.0
164.5
153.5

131.7
128.3
165.1
154.0

10.4
5.3
2.8
2.4

2.5
2.6
3.3
4.1

-3.3
5.6
3.8
1.9

2.5
5.1
4.0
4.0

6.3
4.0
3.0
3.2

-.5
5.3
3.9
2.9

126.6
169.6
219.3
186.9

126.6
170.4
220.2
188.1

126.4
172.0
221.0
188.6

126.6
173.7
221.8
189.0

.3
4.0
4.8
4.5

.0
3.7
5.9
2.9

3.9
5.1
5.5
4.9

.0
10.0
4.6
4.6

.2
3.8
5.4
3.7

1.9
7.5
5.1
4.7

148.1
145.3
139.2
144.7
129.4
130.1
132.0
138.0
155.2

148.5
145.7
139.6
145.1
129.8
130.1
132.0
138.3
155.8

148.9
146.0
139.9
145.4
130.0
130.2
131.9
138.2
156.3

149.4
146.6
140.4
146.0
130.3
130.5
132.9
138.8
156.9

3.1
3.7
3.6
3.4
4.2
3.1
8.6
3.9
2.9

2.8
2.3
2.4
2.5
1.6
.3
2.4
1.2
2.7

3.3
3.4
3.2
3.1
2.5
1.2
-3.0
2.4
5.1

3.6
3.6
3.5
3.6
2.8
1.2
2.8
2.3
4.5

2.9
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.9
1.7
5.5
2.5
2.8

3.4
3.5
3.4
3.4
2.7
1.2
-.2
2.3
4.8

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 1/ .......................
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................
Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables ..................................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............

Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

158.6
105.3
154.1
156.2

159.3
105.2
154.5
156.7

159.6
104.8
155.0
157.3

160.3
105.1
155.6
157.8

2.3
3.1
3.2
3.2

3.1
3.1
2.9
2.9

3.1
2.7
3.2
3.1

4.4
-.8
4.0
4.2

2.7
3.1
3.1
3.0

3.7
1.0
3.6
3.6

137.8
100.6
168.7

138.3
100.1
169.2

138.7
99.9
169.9

138.9
100.3
170.5

3.6
7.7
3.0

.9
6.3
3.7

2.4
4.9
3.9

3.2
-1.2
4.3

2.2
7.0
3.3

2.8
1.8
4.1

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

U.S. city average ......................

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
Jan.
1995

Feb.
1995

Mar.
1995

Apr.
1995

Percent change to
Apr. 1995 fromApr.
Feb.
Mar.
1994
1995
1995

Percent change to
Mar. 1995 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1994
1995
1995

M

150.3

150.9

151.4

151.9

3.1

0.7

0.3

2.9

0.7

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

157.1
157.7
155.4
155.7

157.6
158.3
155.7
156.0

158.0
158.7
155.9
156.6

158.3
159.0
156.3
157.0

2.5
2.6
2.0
2.9

.4
.4
.4
.6

.2
.2
.3
.3

2.4
2.3
2.1
2.9

.6
.6
.3
.6

.3
.3
.1
.4

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

146.1
147.3
144.4
147.4

146.7
148.0
145.2
147.7

147.3
148.5
146.1
148.3

148.1
149.0
146.9
149.5

3.6
3.4
3.3
4.0

1.0
.7
1.2
1.2

.5
.3
.5
.8

3.3
3.2
3.0
3.6

.8
.8
1.2
.6

.4
.3
.6
.4

M

141.5

142.3

142.7

143.9

4.4

1.1

.8

3.6

.8

.3

Region and area size 2/

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

146.7
146.6
148.9
145.7

147.4
147.3
149.6
146.2

148.0
148.0
150.4
146.6

148.4
148.3
150.9
147.3

3.2
2.7
3.7
3.1

.7
.7
.9
.8

.3
.2
.3
.5

3.1
2.5
3.4
3.2

.9
1.0
1.0
.6

.4
.5
.5
.3

M

145.2

146.1

146.6

147.1

4.1

.7

.3

3.8

1.0

.3

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

152.0
152.9
154.1

152.4
153.1
155.1

152.8
153.6
155.2

153.2
154.0
155.9

2.9
2.4
4.9

.5
.6
.5

.3
.3
.5

2.6
2.1
4.4

.5
.5
.7

.3
.3
.1

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

136.2
149.9
149.3
145.9

136.7
150.5
149.8
146.6

137.2
151.1
150.2
147.1

137.5
151.6
151.0
147.7

2.7
3.3
3.6
3.9

.6
.7
.8
.8

.2
.3
.5
.4

2.5
3.1
3.4
3.6

.7
.8
.6
.8

.4
.4
.3
.3

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

151.8
154.3
159.9
156.6
150.3

152.3
154.5
160.3
157.8
150.5

152.6
154.6
160.9
158.0
151.1

153.1
154.7
161.4
157.8
151.5

3.5
1.8
2.3
3.1
2.4

.5
.1
.7
.0
.7

.3
.1
.3
-.1
.3

3.4
1.4
1.9
2.9
2.0

.5
.2
.6
.9
.5

.2
.1
.4
.1
.4

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

148.7
158.0
146.6
147.3
142.9
153.8

3.7
2.2
2.8
3.6
3.4
2.4

1.1
.3
.5
1.0
1.1
.8

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

1/

2/

-

143.3
147.3
139.3
147.3

150.3
158.4
147.3
148.7
144.5
155.1
-

145.0
148.1
138.0
148.9

3.3
3.9
.9
3.5

-

1.2
.5
-.9
1.1

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.

-

-

3/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Apr. 1995 fromApr.
Feb.
Mar.
1994
1995
1995

Percent change to
Mar. 1995 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1994
1995
1995

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

147.8

148.3

148.7

149.3

3.2

0.7

0.4

3.0

0.6

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

154.8
154.3
153.3
157.4

155.2
154.8
153.7
157.6

155.5
155.1
153.9
158.1

155.8
155.4
154.2
158.6

2.6
2.6
2.1
3.1

.4
.4
.3
.6

.2
.2
.2
.3

2.5
2.4
2.2
3.1

.5
.5
.4
.4

.2
.2
.1
.3

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

143.0
143.5
140.9
144.9

143.6
144.2
141.8
145.2

144.2
144.7
142.6
145.6

145.0
145.3
143.4
146.9

3.7
3.6
3.5
4.0

1.0
.8
1.1
1.2

.6
.4
.6
.9

3.4
3.4
3.4
3.6

.8
.8
1.2
.5

.4
.3
.6
.3

M

139.8

140.4

141.0

142.2

4.3

1.3

.9

3.4

.9

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

145.3
144.8
145.6
145.7

145.9
145.4
146.3
146.1

146.5
146.1
146.9
146.5

147.0
146.4
147.4
147.3

3.4
2.8
3.9
3.3

.8
.7
.8
.8

.3
.2
.3
.5

3.2
2.7
3.6
3.5

.8
.9
.9
.5

.4
.5
.4
.3

M

145.6

146.4

146.7

147.3

4.2

.6

.4

3.7

.8

.2

West urban .............................

M

149.2

149.4

149.8

150.3

3.0

.6

.3

2.7

.4

.3

Jan.
1995

Feb.
1995

Mar.
1995

Apr.
1995

Region and area size 2/

Size A Size C -

More than 1,250,000 ........
50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M

148.5
151.4

148.7
152.2

149.1
152.2

149.6
152.8

2.6
4.4

.6
.4

.3
.4

2.2
4.0

.4
.5

.3
.0

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

135.3
147.3
148.6
145.2

135.7
147.9
149.0
145.8

136.2
148.5
149.3
146.3

136.6
148.9
150.2
147.0

2.9
3.3
3.7
4.0

.7
.7
.8
.8

.3
.3
.6
.5

2.6
3.3
3.5
3.6

.7
.8
.5
.8

.4
.4
.2
.3

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

147.1
149.0
156.3
156.4
148.2

147.5
149.2
156.6
157.5
148.3

147.8
149.3
157.1
157.5
148.9

148.3
149.5
157.5
157.4
149.4

3.5
2.0
2.3
3.1
2.6

.5
.2
.6
-.1
.7

.3
.1
.3
-.1
.3

3.4
1.6
2.0
3.1
2.3

.5
.2
.5
.7
.5

.2
.1
.3
.0
.4

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

147.7
157.0
139.0
145.3
142.3
151.2

3.4
2.2
2.9
3.9
3.7
2.4

.9
-.1
.5
.9
1.1
.8

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

Selected local areas

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

-

142.7
142.7
138.9
141.1

149.1
156.9
139.7
146.6
143.9
152.4
-

144.5
143.6
137.6
142.6

3.7
4.1
1.0
3.8

-

1.3
.6
-.9
1.1

-

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

-