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TEXT
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table

1.
2.
4.
5.
3.
6.

Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer

Price
Price
Price
Price
Price
Price

Index
Index
Index
Index
Index
Index

for
for
for
for
for
for

All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index

FOR TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Patrick C. Jackman (202) 606-7000
CPI Quickline:
(202) 606-6994
FOR CURRENT AND HISTORICAL
INFORMATION:
(202) 606-7828
MEDIA CONTACT:
(202) 606-5902

USDL-94-249
TRANSMISSION OF
THIS RELEASE IS
UNTIL 8:30 A.M.
Friday, May 13,

MATERIAL IN
EMBARGOED
(EDT)
1994

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX--APRIL 1994
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose
0.1 percent before seasonal adjustment in April to a level of 147.4
(1982-84=100), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.
Department of Labor reported today. For the 12-month period ended
in April, the CPI-U increased 2.4 percent.
The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W) increased 0.2 percent in April, prior to seasonal
adjustment. The April 1994 CPI-W level of 144.7 was 2.2 percent
higher than the index in April 1993.
CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
___________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent in
April, following increases of 0.3 percent in each of the 2
preceding months. The food index increased 0.1 percent in April,
the same as in March. A sharp decline in the index for fruits and
vegetables offset increases in the other major grocery store food
groups. The energy index dropped 0.4 percent in April after
increasing in each of the 2 preceding months. The indexes for
household fuels and motor fuels each fell slightly, following
seasonal adjustment. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U rose 0.2
percent in April, following increases of 0.3 percent in each of the
2 preceding months. The more moderate increase in April reflects a
substantially smaller rise in shelter costs coupled with a decline

in the apparel index.
Table A. Percent Changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1993
1994
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|
| Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.|Apr. 94|Apr94
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .3
.3
.2
.0
.3
.3
.1 | 3.0 | 2.4
Food and beverages| .4
.2
.5 -.1 -.3
.1
.1 | -.3 | 1.8
Housing
| .2
.2
.2
.1
.4
.3
.0 | 3.1 | 2.5
Apparel and upkeep| -.1
.7 -.1 -.1 -.3
.4 -.3 | -.6 | -.4
Transportation
| 1.0
.0 -.2 -.2
.5
.6
.3 | 5.6 | 2.5
Medical care
| .5
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
.6 | 4.7 | 4.9
Entertainment
| .4
.5
.3
.3
.4
.3 -.1 | 2.4 | 3.0
Other goods & serv| .3
.4
.4
.1
.3
.4
.7 | 5.4 | 2.1
Special indexes: |
Energy
| 1.9 -.9 -.7 -.8 1.6
.4 -.4 | 6.4 | -1.1
Food
| .5
.2
.5 -.1 -.3
.1
.1 | -.3 | 2.0
AI - food & energy| .3
.4
.2
.1
.3
.3
.2 | 3.1 | 2.8
____________________________________________________________________
During the first 4 months of 1994, the CPI-U rose at a 2.3
percent seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This compares with
a 2.7 percent annual increase in 1993. The food index declined at
a 0.6 percent rate during the first 4 months, while the indexes for
energy and all items less food and energy increased at annual rates
of 2.4 and 2.7 percent, respectively.
The food and beverage index increased 0.1 percent in April, the
same as in March. Grocery store food prices were unchanged in
April, following seasonal adjustment, and have declined at a 1.7
percent annual rate thus far in 1994. The index for fruits and
vegetables, which has been the predominant factor in the behavior
of the grocery store food index during most of the past 12 months,
declined 2.3 percent in April, offsetting increases in the other
major grocery store food groups. The index for fresh fruits
decreased 1.4 percent, while that for fresh vegetables fell 6.0
percent. The index for processed fruits and vegetables increased

0.2 percent. Among other grocery store food groups, the index for
meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 0.1 percent in April. Declines
in prices for beef and eggs were more than offset by increases in
the indexes for pork, other meats, poultry, and fish and seafood.
Beef prices declined 0.7 percent in April and are 0.4 percent lower
than a year earlier. The indexes for pork and poultry rose 0.2 and
0.6 percent, respectively. The indexes for cereal and bakery
products and dairy products increased 1.1 percent and 0.8 percent,
respectively. The index for other food at home rose 0.5 percent in
April, reflecting increases in prices for both canned and frozen
prepared foods. The other two components of the food and beverage
index--restaurant meals and alcoholic beverages--rose 0.2 percent
and were unchanged, respectively.
The housing component was unchanged in April, following a 0.3
percent increase in March. Shelter costs, which increased 0.5 and
0.4 percent in the 2 preceding months, rose 0.1 percent in April.
Within shelter, renters' costs were unchanged, while homeowners'
costs and maintenance and repair costs increased 0.1 and 0.7
percent, respectively. The index for fuel and other utilities also
contributed to the moderation in housing costs, declining 0.3
percent in April after increasing the same amount in March. The
index for household fuels fell 0.5 percent, reflecting declines in
indexes for fuel oil and electricity--down 2.3 and 0.7 percent,
respectively. Charges for natural gas also declined, but the index
rose 0.2 percent after seasonal adjustment. The index for other
utilities and public services decreased 0.1 percent, largely as a
result of declines in charges for telephone services, both local
and long distance. The index for household furnishings and
operation continued to register small changes, advancing 0.1
percent in April, the same as in March.
The transportation index rose 0.3 percent in April, following
increases of 0.5 and 0.6 percent in the 2 preceding months. The
moderation in April was largely the result of a downturn in the
index for motor fuels, coupled with a smaller rise in the index for
public transportation. The index for gasoline, which had increased
in the 2 preceding months, was unchanged in April. (Prior to
seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 1.7 percent.) As of
April, the gasoline index was 4.0 percent lower than a year earlier
and 18.2 percent below its peak level of December 1990. Automobile
purchase costs advanced substantially for the third consecutive
month. The index for new vehicles rose 0.4 percent and automobile
finance charges advanced 2.3 percent, their largest increase since
a 2.4 percent rise in March 1989. The index for used cars rose 0.8

percent. The index for public transportation increased 0.2
percent, following a 1.6 percent rise in March. A 0.8 percent
increase in airline fares was partially offset by a 0.4 percent
decline in the index for other intercity transportation.
The index for apparel and upkeep declined 0.3 percent in April
to a level 0.4 percent lower than a year ago. (Prior to seasonal
adjustment, apparel prices rose 0.2 percent.)
Medical care costs rose 0.6 percent in April, its largest
advance since a 0.7 percent increase in May 1993. The index for
medical care commodities--prescription drugs, nonprescription
drugs, and medical supplies--rose 0.5 percent in April. The index
for medical care services rose 0.7 percent in April. Charges for
professional services and hospital and related services increased
0.7 and 0.5 percent, respectively.
Entertainment costs declined 0.1 percent in April, as a
decrease in the index for entertainment services more than offset
an increase in the index for entertainment commodities. Fees for
participant sports fell 1.6 percent in April, but remained well
above their level a year earlier--up 7.2 percent.
The index for other goods and services rose 0.7 percent in
April. A 4.9 percent increase in the index for personal financial
services, coupled with a 0.8 percent rise in the index for personal
care, accounted for about 60 percent of the April advance.
CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
_______________________________________________________
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI for Urban Wage Earners
and Clerical Workers rose 0.1 percent in April.
Table B.

Percent Changes in CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
Workers (CPI-W)
____________________________________________________________________
|
Seasonally adjusted
|Unadj
|___________________________________________|
|
|Compnd |
Expenditure
|
Changes from preceding month
|ann rte|12-mo
|___________________________________| 3-mos |
category
|
1993
1994
| ended |ended
|___________________________________|
|

| Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.|Apr. 94|Apr94
____________________________________________________________________
All items
| .4
.2
.1
.1
.2
.3
.1 | 2.8 | 2.2
Food and beverages| .4
.2
.4
.1 -.3
.1
.1 | -.3 | 1.9
Housing
| .3
.1
.2
.1
.5
.3
.0 | 3.2 | 2.5
Apparel and upkeep| .1
.4 -.3
.3 -.2
.2 -.4 | -1.5 | -.1
Transportation
| 1.1 -.2 -.2 -.2
.5
.5
.3 | 5.0 | 2.2
Medical care
| .4
.3
.4
.3
.2
.3
.6 | 4.7 | 4.8
Entertainment
| .3
.6
.3
.3
.3
.3 -.1 | 2.2 | 3.0
Other goods & serv| .3
.5
.3
.1
.2
.5
.7 | 5.5 |
.8
Special indexes: |
Energy
| 2.0 -1.0 -.7 -.8 1.6
.5 -.5 | 6.5 | -1.3
Food
| .5
.2
.3
.1 -.4
.3
.1 |
.0 | 2.0
AI - food & energy| .3
.3
.3
.1
.3
.3
.2 | 3.2 | 2.6
____________________________________________________________________
Consumer Price Index data for May will be released on Tuesday,
June 14, 1994, 8:30 A.M. (EDT).
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and commodity and service
group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Mar.
Apr.
1993
1994
1994

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 1994 fromApr. 1993 Mar. 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJan. to
Feb. to
Mar. to
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

147.2
441.1

147.4
441.4

2.4
-

0.1
-

0.3
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................

17.398
15.799
9.853
1.454
2.984
1.186
1.909
2.320
.331
.246

143.9
143.2
142.8
160.4
137.9
131.8
162.7
132.6
135.3
132.6

144.0
143.4
143.0
162.5
137.6
131.8
161.8
133.0
135.9
133.2

1.8
2.0
2.1
4.6
1.5
3.0
.6
2.4
2.0
2.3

.1
.1
.1
1.3
-.2
.0
-.6
.3
.4
.5

-.3
-.3
-.4
.6
.2
.8
-3.4
-.1
.4
.0

.1
.1
.1
-.3
.1
.0
.6
.2
-.1
1.3

.1
.1
.0
1.1
.1
.8
-2.3
.5
.5
.4

Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

.712
1.030
5.946
1.600

116.0
146.4
144.8
151.4

115.5
147.5
145.1
151.6

1.1
3.3
1.7
1.3

-.4
.8
.2
.1

-1.0
.4
.1
-.1

.5
-.2
.1
-.1

.2
.9
.2
.0

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................
Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

41.394
27.948
7.984
5.771
2.213
19.768
19.386
.382

144.1
159.8
170.1
153.2
201.9
164.1
164.4
150.0

143.9
159.6
169.1
153.3
197.3
164.2
164.6
150.1

2.5
3.0
2.5
2.4
2.8
3.1
3.2
3.4

-.1
-.1
-.6
.1
-2.3
.1
.1
.1

.4
.5
.4
.5
.3
.5
.6
.1

.3
.4
.4
.3
.8
.4
.4
.4

.0
.1
.0
.0
.0
.1
.1
.1

.196
.118

129.3
131.8

130.2
133.3

-1.2
-1.2

.7
1.1

.4
-.1

-.1
.5

.7
1.1

.078
7.262
3.983

126.1
122.4
111.1

126.3
121.6
109.8

-1.1
1.7
.9

.2
-.7
-1.2

1.0
.9
1.1

-.8
.3
.5

.2
-.3
-.5

.369

92.5

90.2

-2.6

-2.5

6.0

-.1

-1.9

3.614

118.1

116.9

1.4

-1.0

.6

.6

-.4

3.279
6.183
3.601
1.109
1.473

150.1
120.6
110.5
132.3
137.8

150.0
120.6
110.7
131.5
137.9

2.6
1.2
.9
.7
2.1

-.1
.0
.2
-.6
.1

.7
-.4
-.7
.1
-.1

.1
.1
-.2
1.0
.1

-.1
.1
.5
-1.1
-.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.897
5.333
1.389
2.421
.203
.781
.539
.564

136.1
133.4
125.6
137.2
125.8
127.0
152.9
154.2

136.4
133.7
126.9
137.4
128.0
128.0
149.0
154.8

-.4
-.6
-1.6
-.9
1.2
.7
.5
2.7

.2
.2
1.0
.1
1.7
.8
-2.6
.4

-.3
-.4
-1.2
-.2
-.4
-.8
1.7
.1

.4
.5
-.2
.4
-.7
-.6
5.1
.1

-.3
-.5
.4
-.3
-.6
.2
-3.7
.4

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................

16.954
15.295
5.025
4.031
1.245

132.2
128.6
136.8
135.3
133.6

132.6
129.2
136.9
135.4
135.3

2.5
1.9
3.6
3.3
5.1

.3
.5
.1
.1
1.3

.5
.5
.4
.5
-1.1

.6
.5
.5
.4
.4

.3
.2
.4
.4
.8

Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

3.010
1.533
4.483

93.3
92.7
149.0
160.2

94.8
94.3
149.4
160.4

-3.7
-4.0
2.9
2.8

1.6
1.7
.3
.1

2.1
1.8
.1
.1

.2
.1
.2
.8

-.2
.0
.2
.4

.629

103.5

103.4

-.5

-.1

.2

.4

.0

3.854
1.659

173.3
178.5

173.6
176.5

3.3
8.4

.2
-1.1

.1
.4

.8
1.6

.4
.2

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

7.108
1.287
5.821
3.353

208.3
199.1
210.4
190.3

209.2
199.7
211.4
191.4

4.9
3.1
5.3
4.6

.4
.3
.5
.6

.3
-.1
.3
.4

.2
.0
.3
.4

.6
.5
.7
.7

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.351
1.986
2.365

149.6
135.2
166.6

149.7
135.7
166.5

3.0
1.9
4.1

.1
.4
-.1

.4
-.1
.8

.3
.3
.3

-.1
.3
-.4

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

6.897
1.601
1.184

195.5
217.7
143.0

196.4
218.0
144.2

2.1
-8.1
2.6

.5
.1
.8

.3
.0
-.2

.4
.6
.0

.7
.2
.8

.628
.556
4.112
.249
3.863

139.7
146.6
219.1
204.0
220.4

141.4
147.1
220.1
204.0
221.6

2.4
2.7
6.5
4.2
6.6

1.2
.3
.5
.0
.5

-.4
-.1
.5
.2
.5

-.2
.3
.5
.4
.5

1.2
.3
.8
.3
.8

100.000
43.547
17.398
26.149
15.579
5.333

147.2
132.8
143.9
126.0
127.8
133.4

147.4
133.1
144.0
126.4
128.3
133.7

2.4
.9
1.8
.2
-1.2
-.6

.1
.2
.1
.3
.4
.2

.3
.0
-.3
.2
.6
-.4

.3
.2
.1
.3
.4
.5

.1
.1
.1
.1
-.1
-.5

10.245
10.570
56.453
27.337

127.9
123.4
162.1
166.3

128.5
123.7
162.0
166.1

-1.5
2.6
3.5
3.0

.5
.2
-.1
-.1

.4
.0
.4
.7

.1
.2
.4
.4

.5
.3
.2
-.1

8.900

135.5

135.0

2.0

-.4

.4

.3

-.1

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ..................
_ _
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................

Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................

7.046
5.821
7.349

168.5
210.4
183.2

168.2
211.4
183.8

4.3
5.3
5.2

-.2
.5
.3

.2
.3
.5

.9
.3
.4

.3
.7
.3

84.201
72.052
80.232
92.892
27.749
17.178
11.845
32.977
29.116
50.632
6.993
93.007
77.208

148.0
143.7
148.6
143.8
127.0
129.1
129.4
136.0
169.3
157.5
101.9
153.3
155.8

148.1
144.0
148.7
143.9
127.4
129.6
130.0
136.4
169.4
157.4
102.0
153.4
155.9

2.4
2.2
2.1
2.2
.3
-1.0
-1.1
.4
4.1
3.3
-1.1
2.6
2.8

.1
.2
.1
.1
.3
.4
.5
.3
.1
-.1
.1
.1
.1

.3
.1
.2
.3
.2
.5
.4
.1
.5
.6
1.6
.1
.3

.4
.3
.3
.3
.3
.5
.1
.6
.2
.3
.4
.3
.3

.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
-.2
.5
.3
.4
.2
-.4
.2
.2

24.369
3.380
52.839

136.9
93.4
166.6

137.2
94.5
166.6

.9
-3.6
3.7

.2
1.2
.0

-.1
2.4
.4

.3
.2
.4

.1
-.3
.2

-

$.679
.227

$.679
.227

-2.3
-

-

.0

-.3
-

-.4
-

.0
-

Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables 2/ .............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................
All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Seasonally adjusted U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

July

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedOct.
Jan.
Apr.
Oct.
Apr.

1994

1994

1994

1994

1993

1993

1994

1994

1993

1994

Expenditure category
All items ....................................

-

-

-

-

1.7

2.8

1.9

3.0

2.2

2.5

Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................
Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

143.7
143.1
142.5
160.1
137.2
130.5
164.4
131.8
134.9
130.6
115.7
145.6
144.6
151.4

143.3
142.7
141.9
161.1
137.5
131.5
158.8
131.7
135.4
130.6
114.5
146.2
144.7
151.3

143.5
142.9
142.1
160.6
137.6
131.5
159.8
132.0
135.2
132.3
115.1
145.9
144.8
151.1

143.6
143.0
142.1
162.4
137.7
132.6
156.1
132.7
135.9
132.8
115.3
147.2
145.1
151.1

1.4
1.4
1.7
4.5
-.6
7.7
-3.3
3.1
-.6
1.2
3.2
5.1
1.7
.3

4.3
4.6
5.9
3.6
3.0
-6.5
29.3
1.8
2.7
-.9
1.8
2.0
2.0
1.9

2.5
2.3
2.6
4.6
2.1
5.1
1.5
1.5
3.0
1.9
1.4
1.4
1.7
3.5

-.3
-.3
-1.1
5.9
1.5
6.6
-18.7
2.8
3.0
6.9
-1.4
4.5
1.4
-.8

2.9
3.0
3.8
4.0
1.2
.3
11.8
2.5
1.1
.2
2.5
3.5
1.8
1.1

1.1
1.0
.7
5.2
1.8
5.8
-9.2
2.1
3.0
4.4
.0
2.9
1.5
1.3

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

142.9
157.8
166.3
152.2
192.9
162.8
163.1
149.2

143.5
158.6
167.0
152.9
193.5
163.6
164.0
149.4

144.0
159.2
167.7
153.3
195.0
164.3
164.6
150.0

144.0
159.3
167.7
153.3
195.0
164.4
164.7
150.1

2.0
2.3
1.7
1.9
1.3
2.5
2.5
6.2

2.9
2.6
3.2
2.4
5.4
2.3
2.3
4.1

2.0
3.1
1.7
2.4
.2
3.8
3.8
.8

3.1
3.9
3.4
2.9
4.4
4.0
4.0
2.4

2.4
2.5
2.5
2.1
3.3
2.4
2.4
5.2

2.5
3.5
2.6
2.7
2.3
3.9
3.9
1.6

128.9
131.3
125.9
121.8
110.0

129.4
131.2
127.1
122.9
111.2

129.3
131.8
126.1
123.3
111.8

130.2
133.3
126.3
122.9
111.2

-1.5
3.9
-9.1
3.4
3.7

-1.5
.6
-5.0
2.3
1.4

-5.7
-14.1
9.4
-2.3
-5.3

4.1
6.2
1.3
3.7
4.4

-1.5
2.2
-7.1
2.8
2.6

-.9
-4.5
5.3
.7
-.5

86.3

91.5

91.4

89.7

-3.9

-8.1

-12.8

16.7

-6.0

.9

117.9
148.9
120.7
111.1
131.5
137.7

118.6
150.0
120.2
110.3
131.6
137.6

119.3
150.1
120.3
110.1
132.9
137.8

118.8
150.0
120.4
110.6
131.5
137.6

4.5
2.5
-1.3
-2.9
-3.0
3.3

2.4
3.6
4.8
4.5
7.9
3.6

-4.3
1.4
2.4
4.1
-1.8
2.1

3.1
3.0
-1.0
-1.8
.0
-.3

3.4
3.0
1.7
.7
2.3
3.4

-.7
2.2
.7
1.1
-.9
.9

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

133.8
130.9
126.7
132.7
127.8
128.0
143.0
153.8

133.4
130.4
125.2
132.4
127.3
127.0
145.4
154.0

134.0
131.1
124.9
132.9
126.4
126.2
152.8
154.2

133.6
130.5
125.4
132.5
125.7
126.5
147.1
154.8

-3.0
-3.9
-.9
-6.7
9.7
-1.0
-6.1
2.4

.6
.6
1.3
-1.2
-2.8
1.6
7.1
3.2

1.8
1.9
-2.5
5.0
5.2
7.2
-9.5
2.4

-.6
-1.2
-4.0
-.6
-6.4
-4.6
12.0
2.6

-1.2
-1.7
.2
-4.0
3.2
.3
.3
2.8

.6
.3
-3.3
2.1
-.8
1.1
.7
2.5

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........
Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

131.4
128.4
134.8
133.3
137.5
94.8
94.6
148.4
158.4

132.0
129.0
135.3
133.9
136.0
96.8
96.3
148.6
158.6

132.8
129.7
136.0
134.5
136.6
97.0
96.4
148.9
159.8

133.2
130.0
136.5
135.0
137.7
96.8
96.4
149.2
160.4

1.5
.0
3.7
2.8
13.1
-13.6
-15.4
3.1
1.0

4.4
4.1
4.3
4.0
9.5
5.9
7.3
2.5
2.8

-1.5
-1.5
1.2
1.2
-1.7
-13.5
-12.8
3.9
2.0

5.6
5.1
5.1
5.2
.6
8.7
7.8
2.2
5.1

2.9
2.0
4.0
3.4
11.3
-4.3
-4.7
2.8
1.9

2.0
1.7
3.1
3.2
-.6
-3.0
-3.0
3.0
3.6

102.9

103.1

103.5

103.5

-2.7

-.8

-.8

2.4

-1.7

.8

171.4
171.7

171.6
172.4

173.0
175.2

173.7
175.6

1.7
20.1

3.4
4.3

2.6
.9

5.5
9.4

2.5
11.9

4.0
5.1

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

206.7
198.4
208.4
188.5

207.3
198.3
209.1
189.2

207.8
198.3
209.8
189.9

209.1
199.3
211.2
191.2

6.4
4.6
6.5
4.9

4.8
3.3
5.4
4.2

3.8
2.7
3.9
3.2

4.7
1.8
5.5
5.9

5.6
4.0
6.0
4.5

4.2
2.2
4.7
4.5

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

148.6
134.7
165.2

149.2
134.5
166.5

149.6
134.9
167.0

149.5
135.3
166.3

1.4
.9
1.8

3.9
3.3
4.6

4.7
1.5
7.6

2.4
1.8
2.7

2.6
2.1
3.2

3.6
1.6
5.1

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

194.9
215.5
143.3

195.4
215.6
143.0

196.2
217.0
143.0

197.5
217.4
144.2

4.4
-2.0
4.0

-5.0
-28.7
1.1

3.6
-1.7
2.6

5.4
3.6
2.5

-.4
-16.4
2.6

4.5
.9
2.5

140.5
146.3
217.7
202.4
218.8

140.0
146.2
218.7
202.8
219.9

139.7
146.6
219.7
203.6
220.9

141.4
147.1
221.5
204.2
222.7

5.6
2.3
7.5
3.9
7.9

-.9
3.7
5.0
2.2
5.2

2.3
2.8
6.1
7.0
6.1

2.6
2.2
7.2
3.6
7.3

2.3
3.0
6.2
3.1
6.5

2.4
2.5
6.6
5.3
6.7

Commodity and service group

All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ....................
_ _
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

132.3
143.7
125.4
126.8
130.9

132.3
143.3
125.6
127.5
130.4

132.6
143.5
126.0
128.0
131.1

132.7
143.6
126.1
127.9
130.5

1.7
-.3
1.4
-1.9
-4.6
-3.9

2.8
2.1
4.3
1.3
-2.2
.6

1.9
.6
2.5
-.6
-1.6
1.9

3.0
1.2
-.3
2.3
3.5
-1.2

2.2
.9
2.9
-.3
-3.4
-1.7

2.5
.9
1.1
.8
.9
.3

127.3
123.0
160.6
164.5

127.8
123.0
161.3
165.6

127.9
123.2
162.0
166.3

128.5
123.6
162.3
166.1

-.9
2.3
3.6
3.5

-2.7
4.7
3.3
1.2

-6.0
1.3
2.8
3.5

3.8
2.0
4.3
3.9

-1.8
3.5
3.5
2.4

-1.2
1.6
3.5
3.7

135.3
165.7
208.4
182.5

135.9
166.0
209.1
183.4

136.3
167.5
209.8
184.1

136.1
168.0
211.2
184.7

3.6
5.8
6.5
5.1

3.6
3.5
5.4
4.6

-1.5
2.5
3.9
6.1

2.4
5.7
5.5
4.9

3.6
4.6
6.0
4.8

.4
4.0
4.7
5.5

146.8
143.0
147.6
142.7
126.5
128.2
128.8
135.0
168.1
156.0
102.1
152.3
154.6

147.3
143.2
147.9
143.1
126.7
128.8
129.3
135.2
168.9
157.0
103.7
152.5
155.0

147.9
143.7
148.4
143.5
127.1
129.4
129.4
136.0
169.3
157.4
104.1
153.0
155.5

148.0
143.9
148.6
143.7
127.2
129.2
130.0
136.4
169.9
157.7
103.7
153.3
155.8

2.0
2.0
1.9
1.7
-1.6
-4.2
-.9
-4.6
5.2
3.2
-4.1
2.4
2.7

2.5
2.9
2.8
2.6
1.3
-1.2
-2.1
4.9
3.9
3.4
3.1
3.0
2.4

1.9
1.4
1.4
1.7
-.6
-1.5
-5.1
-2.3
2.9
2.3
-8.9
2.7
2.9

3.3
2.5
2.7
2.8
2.2
3.2
3.8
4.2
4.4
4.4
6.4
2.7
3.1

2.2
2.4
2.4
2.1
-.2
-2.7
-1.5
.0
4.6
3.3
-.6
2.7
2.5

2.6
2.0
2.0
2.3
.8
.8
-.8
.9
3.6
3.4
-1.5
2.7
3.0

136.0
94.0
165.0

135.8
96.3
165.7

136.2
96.5
166.4

136.4
96.2
166.7

.3
-12.6
3.8

.6
4.2
3.2

1.5
-13.2
3.5

1.2
9.7
4.2

.4
-4.6
3.5

1.3
-2.4
3.8

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables 2/ ...............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 4. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Relative
Unadjusted indexes
importance,
December
Mar.
Apr.
1993
1994
1994

Unadjusted
percent change to
Apr. 1994 fromApr. 1993 Mar. 1994

Seasonally adjusted
percent change fromJan. to
Feb. to
Mar. to
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.

Expenditure category
All items ..................................
All items (1967=100) .......................

100.000
-

144.4
430.2

144.7
430.9

2.2
-

0.2
-

0.2
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

Food and beverages .......................
Food ...................................
Food at home .........................
Cereals and bakery products ........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .....
Dairy products .....................
Fruits and vegetables ..............
Other food at home .................
Sugar and sweets .................
Fats and oils ....................
Nonalcoholic beverages ...........
Other prepared food ..............
Food away from home ..................
Alcoholic beverages ....................

19.344
17.622
11.187
1.660
3.513
1.321
2.019
2.674
.374
.283
.833
1.184
6.435
1.722

143.4
142.8
142.3
160.2
137.8
131.6
161.7
132.5
135.2
132.5
116.4
146.1
144.6
150.9

143.6
143.0
142.4
162.2
137.4
131.6
160.9
132.9
135.8
133.2
115.9
147.3
144.9
151.0

1.9
2.0
2.2
4.6
1.5
3.1
.9
2.3
2.2
2.4
1.1
3.2
1.7
1.1

.1
.1
.1
1.2
-.3
.0
-.5
.3
.4
.5
-.4
.8
.2
.1

-.3
-.4
-.5
.6
.1
.6
-3.5
-.2
.4
.1
-1.2
.4
-.1
-.3

.1
.3
.2
-.2
.1
.2
.5
.2
-.3
1.3
.6
-.1
.3
-.1

.1
.1
.1
.9
.0
.8
-1.8
.6
.5
.4
.3
.9
.1
.0

Housing ..................................
Shelter ................................
Renters' costs 1/ ....................
Rent, residential ..................
Other renters' costs ...............
Homeowners' costs 1/ .................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ .........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ..........
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ ...........
Maintenance and repair services 2/ .
Maintenance and repair
commodities 2/ .................

39.004
25.682
8.095
6.628
1.467
17.399
17.074
.324

141.3
155.3
148.5
152.8
201.4
149.6
149.9
137.3

141.1
155.3
148.0
153.0
197.3
149.8
150.0
137.3

2.5
3.0
2.6
2.5
3.0
3.2
3.2
3.3

-.1
.0
-.3
.1
-2.0
.1
.1
.0

.5
.6
.4
.5
.3
.7
.6
.1

.3
.3
.3
.3
.7
.3
.3
.4

.0
.1
.1
.0
.3
.1
.1
.0

.188
.102

129.4
135.3

130.0
136.6

-1.6
-1.1

.5
1.0

-.2
-.1

.0
.4

.5
1.0

.085

121.0

120.9

-2.3

-.1

-.1

-.6

-.1

Fuel and other utilities ...............
Fuels ................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ....................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).......................
Other utilities and public
services 2/ ......................
Household furnishings and operation ....
Housefurnishings .....................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Housekeeping services ................

7.523
4.093

122.1
110.5

121.4
109.3

1.8
1.0

-.6
-1.1

.9
1.0

.3
.7

-.4
-.7

.339

92.3

90.1

-2.6

-2.4

6.5

-.3

-1.9

3.754

117.5

116.4

1.4

-.9

.5

.8

-.5

3.429
5.800
3.525
1.141
1.134

150.7
119.2
109.2
132.4
139.8

150.7
119.2
109.3
131.7
139.9

2.6
.9
.6
.5
2.5

.0
.0
.1
-.5
.1

.7
-.5
-.7
-.2
-.1

.0
.3
.0
1.3
.1

.0
.0
.3
-1.1
-.1

Apparel and upkeep .......................
Apparel commodities ....................
Men's and boys' apparel ..............
Women's and girls' apparel............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .......
Footwear .............................
Other apparel commodities ............
Apparel services 2/ ....................

5.909
5.379
1.393
2.356
.261
.866
.502
.530

134.7
132.1
124.9
135.2
126.7
128.1
152.2
153.7

135.0
132.4
126.0
135.0
128.5
129.0
150.1
154.2

-.1
-.4
-1.6
-1.0
.2
1.3
2.2
2.5

.2
.2
.9
-.1
1.4
.7
-1.4
.3

-.2
-.2
-1.2
.0
.1
-.3
.9
.1

.2
.2
-.6
.2
-.9
-.5
5.0
.1

-.4
-.5
.4
-.6
-.5
.0
-2.4
.3

Transportation ...........................
Private transportation .................
New vehicles .........................
New cars ...........................
Used cars ............................
Motor fuel ...........................
Gasoline ...........................
Maintenance and repairs ..............
Other private transportation .........
Other private transportation
commodities ....................
Other private transportation
services .......................
Public transportation ..................

18.863
17.613
4.948
3.606
2.256
3.705
1.615
5.089

130.5
128.1
137.4
135.0
134.3
93.1
92.6
149.7
155.7

131.2
128.9
137.6
135.1
136.0
94.7
94.3
150.1
156.0

2.2
1.8
3.8
3.4
5.1
-3.8
-4.0
2.8
2.6

.5
.6
.1
.1
1.3
1.7
1.8
.3
.2

.5
.5
.4
.5
-.8
2.3
2.0
.1
.1

.5
.4
.5
.4
-.1
.1
-.1
.3
.6

.3
.3
.4
.4
.8
-.1
.0
.3
.4

.795

102.9

102.8

-.4

-.1

.2

.4

.1

4.295
1.251

168.7
173.2

169.0
171.5

3.0
7.5

.2
-1.0

.1
-.2

.7
1.8

.5
.3

Medical care .............................
Medical care commodities ...............
Medical care services ..................
Professional medical services ........

6.044
1.061
4.983
2.865

207.7
197.2
210.0
191.0

208.6
197.8
211.0
192.2

4.8
3.0
5.2
4.7

.4
.3
.5
.6

.2
.3
.2
.4

.3
-.2
.4
.3

.6
.5
.7
.8

Entertainment ............................
Entertainment commodities ..............
Entertainment services .................

4.028
2.077
1.951

147.7
134.8
166.3

147.8
135.2
166.2

3.0
1.9
4.2

.1
.3
-.1

.3
-.1
.7

.3
.4
.2

-.1
.1
-.2

Other goods and services .................
Tobacco and smoking products ...........
Personal care 2/ .......................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ....................
Personal care services 2/ ............
Personal and educational expenses ......
School books and supplies ............
Personal and educational services ....

6.807
2.121
1.146

193.4
217.5
143.2

194.4
217.8
144.5

.8
-8.2
2.6

.5
.1
.9

.2
.0
-.3

.5
.6
.1

.7
.3
.9

.650
.496
3.540
.219
3.321

140.3
146.7
215.0
205.8
216.0

142.2
147.2
216.3
205.8
217.4

2.5
2.9
6.5
4.4
6.6

1.4
.3
.6
.0
.6

-.4
-.1
.4
.3
.5

-.1
.3
.5
.4
.5

1.4
.3
.9
.3
.9

100.000
47.644
19.344
28.300
16.590
5.379

144.4
132.2
143.4
125.3
126.9
132.1

144.7
132.6
143.6
125.8
127.5
132.4

2.2
.9
1.9
.2
-1.5
-.4

.2
.3
.1
.4
.5
.2

.2
.0
-.3
.2
.7
-.2

.3
.2
.1
.2
.3
.2

.1
.1
.1
.1
-.1
-.5

11.211
11.710
52.356
25.143

127.3
121.9
159.4
149.5

128.0
122.4
159.4
149.4

-2.1
2.7
3.4
3.0

.5
.4
.0
-.1

.4
.1
.4
.5

.1
.2
.4
.4

.5
.2
.2
-.1

8.771
7.160
4.983
6.299

124.6
164.6
210.0
180.2

124.1
164.6
211.0
180.8

2.1
3.7
5.2
5.2

-.4
.0
.5
.3

.6
.1
.2
.5

.1
.8
.4
.3

-.2
.4
.7
.4

82.378
74.318
82.601
93.956
30.022
18.312
12.933
35.934
27.213
47.373
7.798
92.202

144.7
141.7
135.9
141.4
126.3
128.3
128.8
135.4
150.7
155.0
101.1
150.5

144.9
141.9
136.1
141.6
126.8
128.8
129.5
135.8
150.8
155.0
101.3
150.7

2.3
1.9
1.9
2.0
.2
-1.3
-1.7
.3
3.8
3.3
-1.3
2.5

.1
.1
.1
.1
.4
.4
.5
.3
.1
.0
.2
.1

.3
.1
.1
.3
.2
.6
.4
.1
.5
.5
1.6
.1

.3
.3
.4
.3
.2
.4
.1
.5
.3
.3
.5
.3

.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
-.1
.5
.3
.3
.2
-.5
.1

Commodity and service group
All items ..................................
Commodities ..............................
Food and beverages .....................
Commodities less food and beverages ....
Nondurables less food and beverages ..
Apparel commodities ................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ .................
Durables .............................
Services .................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ..................
_ _
Household services less rent of
shelter 1/ .........................
Transportation services ................
Medical care services ..................
Other services .........................
Special indexes
All items less food ........................
All items less shelter .....................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ........
All items less medical care ................
Commodities less food ......................
Nondurables less food ......................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .......
Nondurables 2/ .............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ ...........
Services less medical care services ........
Energy .....................................
All items less energy ......................

All items less food and energy ...........
Commodities less food and
energy commodities .................
Energy commodities ...................
Services less energy services ..........
Purchasing power of the consumer dollar:
1982-84=$1.00 2/ .........................
1967=$1.00 2/ ............................

1/
2/
NOTE:

74.580

152.5

152.7

2.6

.1

.3

.3

.2

25.978
4.044
48.602

135.6
93.3
164.1

135.9
94.6
164.2

.8
-3.6
3.6

.2
1.4
.1

-.1
2.7
.4

.3
.0
.4

.1
-.2
.2

-

$.692
.232

$.691
.232

-2.1
-

-.1
-

-.3
-

-.4
-

-.1
-

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 5. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): U.S. city average, by expenditure category and
commodity and service group
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Seasonally adjusted indexes
Jan.
1994

Feb.
1994

Mar.
1994

Apr.
1994

July
1993

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
percent change for
3 months ended6 months endedOct.
Jan.
Apr.
Oct.
Apr.
1993
1994
1994
1993
1994

Expenditure category
All items ....................................
Food and beverages .........................
Food .....................................
Food at home ...........................
Cereals and bakery products ..........
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .......
Dairy products .......................
Fruits and vegetables ................
Other food at home ...................
Sugar and sweets ...................
Fats and oils ......................
Nonalcoholic beverages .............
Other prepared food ................

143.4
142.7
142.1
159.8
137.2
130.3
164.2
131.7
134.9
130.6
116.1
145.3

143.0
142.2
141.4
160.7
137.3
131.1
158.5
131.5
135.5
130.7
114.7
145.9

143.2
142.6
141.7
160.4
137.5
131.4
159.3
131.8
135.1
132.4
115.4
145.7

143.3
142.7
141.8
161.9
137.5
132.4
156.4
132.6
135.8
132.9
115.7
147.0

2.0

2.6

1.7

2.8

2.3

2.2

1.7
1.7
1.7
4.7
-.3
8.0
-4.3
3.1
-.3
1.2
2.8
5.2

4.0
4.3
5.9
3.1
3.0
-7.1
31.7
1.9
2.4
-.6
2.1
2.0

2.6
2.3
2.6
4.9
2.4
5.4
.7
1.5
3.9
1.9
1.0
1.1

-.3
.0
-.8
5.4
.9
6.6
-17.7
2.8
2.7
7.2
-1.4
4.8

2.9
3.0
3.8
3.9
1.3
.2
12.2
2.5
1.1
.3
2.5
3.5

1.1
1.1
.9
5.1
1.6
6.0
-8.9
2.1
3.3
4.5
-.2
2.9

Food away from home ....................
Alcoholic beverages ......................

144.5
151.1

144.4
150.7

144.8
150.6

144.9
150.6

2.0
.5

1.7
2.2

2.0
3.5

1.1
-1.3

1.8
1.3

1.5
1.1

Housing ....................................
Shelter ..................................
Renters' costs 1/ ......................
Rent, residential ....................
Other renters' costs .................
Homeowners' costs 1/ ...................
Owners' equivalent rent 1/ ...........
Household insurance 2/ 1/ ............
_ _
Maintenance and repairs 2/ .............
Maintenance and repair services ......
Maintenance and repair commodities 2/
Fuel and other utilities .................
Fuels ..................................
Fuel oil and other household fuel
commodities ......................
Gas (piped) and electricity (energy
services).........................
Other utilities and public services 2/ .
Household furnishings and operation ......
Housefurnishings .......................
Housekeeping supplies ..................
Housekeeping services ..................

140.1
153.7
146.2
151.9
192.9
148.4
148.7
136.5

140.8
154.6
146.8
152.6
193.5
149.4
149.6
136.7

141.2
155.0
147.3
153.0
194.8
149.8
150.0
137.3

141.2
155.2
147.4
153.0
195.3
149.9
150.2
137.3

2.0
2.4
1.7
1.9
1.1
2.8
2.5
6.2

2.9
2.7
2.8
2.1
6.0
2.8
2.8
4.2

1.7
2.9
2.2
2.7
-.2
3.3
3.6
.6

3.2
4.0
3.3
2.9
5.1
4.1
4.1
2.4

2.5
2.5
2.2
2.0
3.5
2.8
2.6
5.2

2.5
3.4
2.8
2.8
2.4
3.7
3.8
1.5

129.6
134.9
121.8
121.5
109.4

129.4
134.8
121.7
122.6
110.5

129.4
135.3
121.0
123.0
111.3

130.0
136.6
120.9
122.5
110.5

-1.2
4.7
-7.8
3.7
4.5

-1.8
2.0
-6.8
2.0
.7

-4.5
-14.8
9.4
-2.0
-5.0

1.2
5.1
-2.9
3.3
4.1

-1.5
3.4
-7.3
2.8
2.6

-1.7
-5.3
3.0
.7
-.5

86.0

91.6

91.3

89.6

-3.9

-8.1

-13.6

17.8

-6.0

.9

117.3
149.6
119.3
109.6
131.7
139.6

117.9
150.7
118.7
108.8
131.4
139.5

118.8
150.7
119.0
108.8
133.1
139.7

118.2
150.7
119.0
109.1
131.7
139.6

5.2
2.5
-1.4
-2.2
-2.7
3.9

1.7
3.6
4.5
4.1
5.6
3.2

-4.3
1.3
2.0
3.0
-.9
2.9

3.1
3.0
-1.0
-1.8
.0
.0

3.5
3.0
1.5
.9
1.4
3.6

-.7
2.2
.5
.6
-.5
1.4

Apparel and upkeep .........................
Apparel commodities ......................
Men's and boys' apparel ................
Women's and girls' apparel .............
Infants' and toddlers' apparel .........
Footwear ...............................
Other apparel commodities ..............
Apparel services 2/.......................

132.7
130.1
126.4
131.1
128.2
128.7
143.3
153.4

132.4
129.8
124.9
131.1
128.3
128.3
144.6
153.5

132.7
130.1
124.1
131.3
127.2
127.6
151.9
153.7

132.2
129.5
124.6
130.5
126.6
127.6
148.3
154.2

-2.1
-2.1
-.3
-5.9
8.5
.0
-.5
2.1

1.2
.6
1.0
-.3
-4.9
1.9
7.7
3.2

1.5
1.6
-1.3
4.1
2.5
6.8
-11.4
2.7

-1.5
-1.8
-5.6
-1.8
-4.9
-3.4
14.7
2.1

-.5
-.8
.3
-3.2
1.6
1.0
3.5
2.7

.0
-.2
-3.4
1.1
-1.3
1.6
.8
2.4

Transportation .............................
Private transportation ...................
New vehicles ...........................
New cars .............................
Used cars ..............................
Motor fuel .............................
Gasoline .............................
Maintenance and repairs ................
Other private transportation ...........

130.2
128.1
135.4
133.0
138.3
94.6
94.5
149.1
154.3

130.8
128.8
135.9
133.7
137.2
96.8
96.4
149.2
154.5

131.4
129.3
136.6
134.2
137.1
96.9
96.3
149.6
155.5

131.8
129.7
137.2
134.7
138.2
96.8
96.3
150.0
156.1

1.2
.0
4.0
3.4
13.4
-13.6
-15.0
3.1
1.1

4.4
4.5
4.6
4.3
10.1
5.0
5.9
2.2
2.4

-1.8
-2.2
1.2
.6
-2.0
-13.5
-12.5
3.8
1.8

5.0
5.1
5.4
5.2
-.3
9.6
7.8
2.4
4.7

2.8
2.2
4.3
3.9
11.7
-4.7
-5.1
2.6
1.7

1.5
1.4
3.3
2.9
-1.1
-2.6
-2.8
3.1
3.3

Other private transportation
commodities ......................
Other private transportation
services .........................
Public transportation ....................

102.3

102.5

102.9

103.0

-2.7

-1.2

-.4

2.8

-1.9

1.2

167.0
167.6

167.2
167.2

168.4
170.2

169.2
170.7

2.0
17.4

2.9
4.2

2.2
1.9

5.4
7.6

2.5
10.6

3.8
4.7

Medical care ...............................
Medical care commodities .................
Medical care services ....................
Professional medical services ..........

206.0
196.3
208.0
189.1

206.5
196.8
208.5
189.9

207.1
196.4
209.4
190.4

208.4
197.4
210.8
192.0

5.8
4.5
6.1
5.1

4.6
3.3
5.0
3.7

4.0
2.3
4.1
3.5

4.7
2.3
5.5
6.3

5.2
3.9
5.6
4.4

4.4
2.3
4.8
4.9

Entertainment 2/ ...........................
Entertainment commodities ................
Entertainment services ...................

146.7
134.2
165.0

147.2
134.0
166.2

147.7
134.6
166.5

147.5
134.8
166.1

1.7
.6
2.5

3.7
3.4
4.3

4.5
1.8
7.6

2.2
1.8
2.7

2.7
2.0
3.4

3.3
1.8
5.1

Other goods and services ...................
Tobacco and smoking products .............
Personal care 2/ .........................
Toilet goods and personal care
appliances 2/ ......................
Personal care services 2/ ..............
Personal and educational expenses ........
School books and supplies ..............
Personal and educational services ......

192.5
215.4
143.5

192.9
215.5
143.1

193.8
216.8
143.2

195.1
217.4
144.5

3.6
-2.5
4.0

-8.1
-28.6
1.1

3.2
-1.3
2.5

5.5
3.8
2.8

-2.5
-16.6
2.6

4.3
1.2
2.7

141.0
146.4
213.6
203.9
214.5

140.5
146.3
214.5
204.6
215.5

140.3
146.7
215.5
205.4
216.5

142.2
147.2
217.4
206.0
218.5

5.6
2.3
7.7
5.2
7.8

-.9
3.7
4.5
1.2
4.9

2.0
3.3
6.4
7.0
6.2

3.4
2.2
7.3
4.2
7.7

2.3
3.0
6.1
3.2
6.3

2.7
2.8
6.9
5.6
6.9

131.9
143.4
124.8
126.1
130.1

131.9
143.0
125.1
127.0
129.8

132.2
143.2
125.4
127.4
130.1

132.3
143.3
125.5
127.3
129.5

2.0
-.3
1.7
-1.0
-5.2
-2.1

2.6
2.2
4.0
.6
-2.5
.6

1.7
.3
2.6
-1.3
-2.2
1.6

2.8
1.2
-.3
2.3
3.9
-1.8

2.3
.9
2.9
-.2
-3.8
-.8

2.2
.8
1.1
.5
.8
-.2

126.7
121.9
158.1
148.1

127.2
122.0
158.8
148.9

127.3
122.2
159.4
149.5

128.0
122.5
159.7
149.4

-1.2
3.1
3.7
3.4

-3.9
4.4
3.1
1.9

-7.2
1.3
2.8
3.3

4.2
2.0
4.1
3.6

-2.6
3.7
3.4
2.6

-1.7
1.7
3.5
3.4

124.7
162.5
208.0
179.4

125.4
162.6
208.5
180.3

125.5
163.9
209.4
180.9

125.3
164.6
210.8
181.7

4.0
4.9
6.1
5.4

3.3
2.8
5.0
4.4

-.6
2.5
4.1
6.0

1.9
5.3
5.5
5.2

3.6
3.8
5.6
4.9

.6
3.9
4.8
5.6

Commodity and service group
All items ....................................
Commodities ................................
Food and beverages .......................
Commodities less food and beverages ......
Nondurables less food and beverages ....
Apparel commodities ..................
Nondurables less food, beverages,
and apparel 2/ ...................
Durables ...............................
Services ...................................
Rent of shelter 2/ 1/ ....................
_ _
Household services less rent
of shelter 1/ ........................
Transportation services ..................
Medical care services ....................
Other services ...........................

Special indexes
All items less food ..........................
All items less shelter .......................
All items less homeowners' costs 1/ ..........
All items less medical care ..................
Commodities less food ........................
Nondurables less food ........................
Nondurables less food and apparel 2/ .........
Nondurables 2/ ...............................
Services less rent of shelter 1/ .............
Services less medical care services ..........
Energy .......................................
All items less energy ........................
All items less food and energy .............
Commodities less food and energy
commodities ..........................
Energy commodities .....................
Services less energy services ............

1/
2/
NOTE:

143.6
141.1
135.2
140.6
126.0
127.5
128.2
134.6
149.7
153.8
101.5
149.6
151.5

144.1
141.3
135.4
141.0
126.3
128.3
128.7
134.7
150.4
154.6
103.1
149.8
151.9

144.6
141.7
135.9
141.4
126.6
128.8
128.8
135.4
150.9
155.0
103.6
150.3
152.4

144.8
141.9
136.1
141.5
126.7
128.7
129.5
135.8
151.3
155.3
103.1
150.5
152.7

2.0
1.7
1.8
1.7
-.9
-4.8
-1.2
-3.8
4.7
3.2
-4.9
2.2
2.7

2.3
2.6
2.4
2.3
.6
-1.9
-3.3
3.9
3.9
3.2
3.1
2.7
2.2

1.4
1.1
1.2
1.4
-.9
-1.9
-6.0
-2.3
2.4
2.6
-9.3
2.4
2.4

3.4
2.3
2.7
2.6
2.2
3.8
4.1
3.6
4.3
4.0
6.5
2.4
3.2

2.1
2.2
2.1
2.0
-.2
-3.3
-2.3
.0
4.3
3.2
-1.0
2.5
2.4

2.4
1.7
1.9
2.0
.6
.9
-1.1
.6
3.4
3.3
-1.7
2.4
2.8

135.0
94.1
162.8

134.8
96.6
163.5

135.2
96.6
164.1

135.4
96.4
164.5

1.2
-12.9
3.3

.0
3.8
3.5

1.2
-13.2
3.3

1.2
10.1
4.2

.6
-4.9
3.4

1.2
-2.2
3.7

Indexes on a December 1984=100 base.
Not seasonally adjusted.
Data not available.
Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)

Area

U.S. city average ......................

Pricing
schedule
1/

Indexes
Jan.
1994

Feb.
1994

Mar.
1994

Apr.
1994

Percent change to
Apr. 1994 fromApr.
Feb.
Mar.
1993
1994
1994

Percent change to
Mar. 1994 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1993
1994
1994

M

146.2

146.7

147.2

147.4

2.4

0.5

0.1

2.5

0.7

0.3

M

153.2

154.0

154.3

154.4

2.2

.3

.1

2.3

.7

.2

Region and area size 2/
Northeast urban.........................

Size A Size B Size C -

More than 1,200,000 ........
500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M

153.7
152.5
151.3

154.6
153.0
151.9

155.1
152.7
152.2

155.0
153.3
152.6

2.2
2.1
2.3

.3
.2
.5

-.1
.4
.3

2.3
2.3
2.1

.9
.1
.6

.3
-.2
.2

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........
Size D - Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

141.5
142.5
141.1
142.4

142.1
143.2
141.3
143.0

142.6
143.9
141.8
143.1

142.9
144.1
142.2
143.7

2.5
2.6
3.3
2.1

.6
.6
.6
.5

.2
.1
.3
.4

2.6
2.7
3.3
1.9

.8
1.0
.5
.5

.4
.5
.4
.1

M

136.7

137.2

137.8

137.9

2.3

.5

.1

2.3

.8

.4

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

142.5
142.9
144.4
141.0

142.9
143.4
144.6
141.6

143.6
144.4
145.4
142.0

143.8
144.4
145.5
142.9

2.6
2.6
2.5
2.6

.6
.7
.6
.9

.1
.0
.1
.6

2.8
2.8
2.7
2.5

.8
1.0
.7
.7

.5
.7
.6
.3

M

140.8

140.7

141.3

141.3

2.6

.4

.0

3.1

.4

.4

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

148.1
149.7
147.8

148.3
149.9
148.3

149.0
150.5
148.7

148.9
150.4
148.6

2.2
1.8
3.1

.4
.3
.2

-.1
-.1
-.1

2.6
2.2
3.4

.6
.5
.6

.5
.4
.3

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

132.7
145.8
144.3
141.2

133.3
146.1
144.9
141.5

133.9
146.5
145.2
142.0

133.9
146.8
145.8
142.1

2.3
2.7
2.5
2.5

.5
.5
.6
.4

.0
.2
.4
.1

2.5
2.8
2.4
2.7

.9
.5
.6
.6

.5
.3
.2
.4

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

146.5
152.2
156.0
152.5
147.5

146.8
152.2
157.4
152.9
147.4

147.6
152.5
157.9
153.5
148.2

147.9
152.0
157.7
153.1
148.0

2.2
1.4
2.4
2.3
.8

.7
-.1
.2
.1
.4

.2
-.3
-.1
-.3
-.1

2.4
1.8
2.5
2.8
1.7

.8
.2
1.2
.7
.5

.5
.2
.3
.4
.5

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

143.8
153.6
142.4
141.0
138.6
150.9

1.7
.6
3.2
3.1
2.6
2.0

.8
.9
.6
1.8
.8
.4

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................

2
2

Selected local areas

-

139.2
141.7

145.0
155.0
143.3
143.5
139.7
151.5
-

140.3
142.6

2.4
2.8

-

.8
.6

-

-

-

-

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

1/

2/
3/
NOTE:

2
2

-

137.0
142.6

-

136.8
143.9

3.8
3.1

-.1
.9

-

-

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.
1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.

Table 6. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers: Selected areas, all items index
(1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted)
Indexes

Percent change to
Apr. 1994 fromApr.
Feb.
Mar.
1993
1994
1994

Percent change to
Mar. 1994 fromMar.
Jan.
Feb.
1993
1994
1994

Area

Pricing
schedule
1/

U.S. city average ......................

M

143.6

144.0

144.4

144.7

2.2

0.5

0.2

2.3

0.6

0.3

Northeast urban.........................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 500,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 500,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

150.8
150.2
150.3
152.7

151.4
150.9
150.7
153.2

151.7
151.4
150.6
153.4

151.8
151.4
151.1
153.9

1.9
2.0
2.1
2.0

.3
.3
.3
.5

.1
.0
.3
.3

2.0
2.0
2.2
1.8

.6
.8
.2
.5

.2
.3
-.1
.1

North Central urban ....................
Size A - More than 1,200,000 ........
Size B - 360,000 to 1,200,000 .......
Size C - 50,000 to 360,000 ..........

M
M
M
M

138.5
138.8
137.4
140.0

139.0
139.4
137.6
140.6

139.4
140.0
137.9
140.6

139.8
140.3
138.5
141.2

2.3
2.5
2.9
1.9

.6
.6
.7
.4

.3
.2
.4
.4

2.3
2.6
2.8
1.7

.6
.9
.4
.4

.3
.4
.2
.0

Jan.
1994

Feb.
1994

Mar.
1994

Apr.
1994

Region and area size 2/

Size D -

Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M

135.3

135.8

136.3

136.4

1.9

.4

.1

1.9

.7

.4

............................
More than 1,200,000 ........
450,000 to 1,200,000 .......
50,000 to 450,000 ..........
Nonmetropolitan
(less than 50,000) .........

M
M
M
M

141.0
141.0
141.1
140.8

141.2
141.3
141.2
141.3

141.9
142.3
141.8
141.6

142.2
142.4
141.8
142.6

2.4
2.6
2.3
2.4

.7
.8
.4
.9

.2
.1
.0
.7

2.6
2.7
2.6
2.2

.6
.9
.5
.6

.5
.7
.4
.2

M

141.1

141.0

141.4

141.4

2.6

.3

.0

3.2

.2

.3

West urban .............................
Size A - More than 1,250,000 ........
Size C - 50,000 to 330,000 ..........

M
M
M

145.3
145.3
145.4

145.4
145.4
146.0

145.9
145.9
146.3

145.9
145.8
146.3

1.9
1.6
2.7

.3
.3
.2

.0
-.1
.0

2.2
2.0
3.2

.4
.4
.6

.3
.3
.2

Size classes
A 3/ .................................
B ....................................
C ....................................
D ....................................

M
M
M
M

131.7
143.2
143.6
140.6

132.1
143.4
144.1
140.8

132.7
143.8
144.3
141.2

132.7
144.1
144.9
141.4

2.1
2.5
2.2
2.2

.5
.5
.6
.4

.0
.2
.4
.1

2.3
2.6
2.1
2.5

.8
.4
.5
.4

.5
.3
.1
.3

Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI......
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA ......
N.Y.-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
Phil.-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD ..
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA .....

M
M
M
M
M

142.0
146.8
152.4
152.1
145.3

142.3
146.9
153.5
152.2
145.0

143.0
147.0
154.0
152.8
145.6

143.3
146.6
153.9
152.6
145.6

2.1
1.2
2.1
2.1
.6

.7
-.2
.3
.3
.4

.2
-.3
-.1
-.1
.0

2.5
1.5
2.2
2.6
1.3

.7
.1
1.0
.5
.2

.5
.1
.3
.4
.4

Baltimore, MD ..........................
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH ...........
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH .............
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL ..............
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL ........
Washington, DC-MD-VA ...................

1
1
1
1
1
1

142.7
152.5
135.1
138.7
137.7
148.3

1.7
-.3
3.0
2.9
2.4
1.8

1.1
.7
.4
1.7
.7
.4

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX ..................
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI ..................
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX .........
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA ...........

2
2
2
2

South urban
Size A Size B Size C Size D -

Selected local areas

1/

-

138.1
137.0
136.3
136.3

144.2
153.5
135.7
141.1
138.7
148.9
-

139.3
137.9
136.2
137.4

2.2
2.5
3.7
2.8

-

.9
.7
-.1
.8

-

-

Foods, fuels, and several other items priced every month in all areas; most other goods and services priced as
indicated:
M - Every month.

-

-

2/
3/
NOTE:

1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. See map in technical notes.
Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
Data not available.
Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than
the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a
result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are
similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average
CPI for use in their escalator clauses.