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Bulletin No. 1216
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Collective Bargaining Clauses
Dismissal Pay

Bulletin No. 1216
August 1957

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.




Price 25 cents







Preface

This study o f d is m is s a l pay p r o v is io n s in m a jo r c o lle c tiv e
bargain in g a g reem en ts supplem ents a co m p re h e n siv e a n a ly sis o f la y o ff,
r e c a ll, and w o r k -s h a r in g p r o v is io n s , publish ed as BLS B ulletin 1209.
In this r e p o r t, the p re v a le n ce of d is m is s a l pay p r o v is io n s , the am ounts
p r o v id e d , the con ditions under w hich la id -o ff w o rk e rs qu alify fo r b e n e ­
fit s , and rela ted fa c to r s a re d is c u s s e d . In a ddition , s e le c te d cla u se s
a r e re p ro d u ce d to illu stra te the va riou s ways in w hich a g reem en ts
deal with d is m is s a l pay p r o c e d u r e s .

T h ese e x ce rp ts a re p resen ted as a s o u r c e of r e fe r e n c e on ly
and should not be co n s id e r e d as id e a l o r m o d e l c la u s e s .
E ach o f
the a g reem en ts studied c o v e r e d at le a st 1,0 0 0 w o r k e r s and was in
e ffe c t in 1955 o r the fir s t h alf o f 1956.

Som e o f the cla u se s re p ro d u ce d in this r e p o r t w e re su b jected
to m in o r e d ito r ia l change to enhance c la r ity ; ir r e le v a n t parts w e re
om itted w h ere fe a s ib le .
The c la u se s a re n u m bered and the a g r e e ­
m ents fr o m w hich they w e re e x ce rp te d a re id en tified b y e m p lo y e r
and union in the in dex (p. 23)*

The a g re e m e n ts studied w e re p a rt o f the B ureau o f L a b or
S tatistics* file of cu rre n t a g reem en ts m aintained fo r p u b lic and g o v ­
ern m en tal use in a c c o r d a n c e with se c tio n 211 o f the L a b or M anage­
m ent R elations A c t o f 1947.

This re p o r t was p re p a re d in the Bureau*s D iv ision o f W ages
and Industrial R elations b y Dena G. W eiss under the su p e rv isio n o f
H a rry P . Cohany.

iii




Page

W

1
n

P r e v a le n c e o f p r o v i s i o n s , b y typ e ---------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------G ra d u a te d p la n s ---------------------------- -— - —------------------------------------------------------------- --------------U n ifo r m p la n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------- — --------O th er d i s m i s s a l p a y p la n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A m o u n t o f d i s m i s s a l p a y --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------C o n d itio n s g o v e r n in g p a y m e n ts
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e and e li g ib il it y -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O p tion s in lie u o f d is m i s s a l p a y ------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------R e c a ll ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T im e and m e th o d o f p a y m e n t --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------D e fin itio n o f e a r n in g s f o r d i s m i s s a l p a y ----------------------------------- -----------------------------------

iii
1

^ U I^ O O O O O 'O

P r e fa c e
---------------------------------------------I n tr o d u c tio n ; ----------------- ------------------------------------------------------ ------------- ----- —--------------------- —
-

1
1
1
18
20

T a b le s :
1:
2:
3:
4:

D i s m i s s a l p a y p r o v is i o n s in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g
a g r e e m e n t s b y in d u s t r y , 1 9 5 5 -5 6 ------------- ------------------------------------------------------P a y an d s e r v i c e p r o v is i o n s u n d e r g r a d u a te d ty p e s o f d i s m i s s a l
p a y p la n s in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s , 1 9 5 5 -5 6 ---------------A m o u n t o f d is m i s s a l p a y p r o v id e d at s e le c t e d l e n g t h - o f - s e r v i c e
le v e l s u n d e r m a j o r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s , 1 9 5 5 -5 6 -------------A v e r a g e a m o u n t o f d i s m i s s a l p a y p r o v id e d at s e le c t e d
l e n g t h - o f - s e r v i c e le v e l s u n d e r m a j o r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g
a g r e e m e n t s , in s e le c t e d in d u s t r ie s , 1 9 5 5 -5 6
----------------------------------- ---------

In d e x o f c la u s e s




------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

v

2
4
9

9

23




Collective Bargaining Clauses: Dismissal Pay
In tro d u ctio n
A d is m is s a l o r s e v e r a n c e a l l o w a n c e 1 is d e s ig n e d to cu sh io n the fin a n c ia l h a r d ­
sh ip s o f u n e m p lo y m e n t r e s u ltin g fr o m b u s in e s s flu c t u a t io n s , plan t m e r g e r s o r sh u t­
d o w n s, te c h n o lo g ic a l and o r g a n iz a tio n a l c h a n g e s , and o th e r fa c t o r s b e y o n d the w o r k e r l s
c o n t r o l .*
It is a ls o , in s o m e m e a s u r e , c o m p e n s a tio n f o r the lo s s o f su ch jo b a c q u ir e d
rig h ts as s e n io r it y , v a c a tio n s , p e n s io n s , and o th e r b e n e fits w h ich a c c r u e to the w o r k e r
th rou gh h is len gth o f s e r v i c e . F r o m the e m p l o y e e s p o in t o f v ie w , p r o v is io n s f o r s u ch
p a y m en ts h e lp to b u ild e m p lo y e e m o r a le and g o o d c o m m u n ity r e la t io n s , w h ich a c c o u n ts
f o r the p r e v a le n c e o f the p r a c t i c e o u tsid e o f c o ll e c t iv e b a r g a in in g .
U n der an in c r e a s in g n u m b e r o f m a jo r c o ll e c t iv e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s , w o r k ­
e r s w h o a r e la id o ff , w ith o r w ith ou t the e x p e c ta tio n that the la y o ff w ill b e p e r m a n e n t,
m a y be a s s u r e d o f c e r ta in p a y m e n ts o th e r than d is m is s a l p a y , w h ich lik e w is e a c c r u e to
th em b y r e a s o n o f th e ir p r i o r s e r v i c e . T he p r in c ip a l ty p es o f su ch p a y m e n ts a r e s u p ­
p le m e n t a r y u n e m p lo y m e n t c o m p e n s a tio n fr o m an e m p lo y e r - fin a n c e d fund and p r o ra ta
v a c a tio n p a y .
L e s s c o m m o n , o r ev en r a r e , a r e s u ch ty p e s o f c o m p e n s a tio n as the
fo llo w in g :
P a y in lie u o f a p r e s c r ib e d la y o ff n o t ic e ; a r e t ir e m e n t s e p a r a tio n a llo w a n c e
w h ich m a y b e p r o v id e d w hen w o r k e r s ca n n ot q u a lify f o r a r e t ir e m e n t an nu ity o r w h en
no p e n s io n p la n is in e ff e c t ; a lu m p -s u m p a y m e n t r e p r e s e n t in g the w o r k e r * s v e s te d
rig h t in a p e n s io n p la n (when a v e s tin g p r o v is io n s o p e r m it s ); p a y m e n t f o r the w o r k e r * s
eq u ity in a sa v in g s o r p r o fit -s h a r in g plan ; and p a y m e n t f o r a c c r u e d s ic k le a v e . H o w ­
e v e r , th ese p r a c t i c e s a r e n o t, as a r u le , c o n s id e r e d as ty p es o f d is m is s a l p a y in the
tr a d itio n a l m e a n in g o f this te r m and a r e thus e x c lu d e d fr o m this stu d y.
F o r th is stu d y , v ir t u a lly a ll a g r e e m e n ts in e ff e c t in 1955 o r the f i r s t h a lf o f
1956, c o v e r in g 1 ,0 0 0 o r m o r e w o r k e r s (e x c lu s iv e o f r a ilr o a d and a ir lin e a g r e e m e n t s )
w e r e a n a ly z e d . Of the 1 ,6 9 3 a g r e e m e n ts stu d ie d , 1 ,1 4 2 w e r e n e g o tia te d b y m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g co m p a n ie s and 551 b y n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g c o m p a n ie s (ta b le l ) . The to ta l n u m b e r
o f w o r k e r s c o v e r e d ( 7 .3 m illio n ) r e p r e s e n te d so m e w h a t le s s than h a lf o f a ll w o r k e r s
u n d er a g r e e m e n ts in the U n ited S ta te s, e x c lu s iv e o f r a ilr o a d s and a ir l in e s .

P r e v a le n c e o f P r o v is i o n s ,

b y T yp e

Of the m a jo r c o ll e c t iv e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts a n a ly z e d , 2 66, o r a lm o s t 16
p e r c e n t , co n ta in e d p r o v is io n s f o r d is m is s a l p a y (ta b le l ) .
C o m p a r is o n w ith e a r li e r
B u rea u stu d ie s m a d e in 1944 and 1950, d is c l o s e s a r e la t iv e ly s lo w g ro w th in su ch
p la n s in u nion c o n t r a c t s , 3 as c o n tr a s te d w ith the r a p id s p r e a d o f s u ch p r a c t i c e s as
p e n s io n p la n s and h ea lth and in s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e .
M o r e than 90 p e r c e n t o f the m a jo r a g r e e m e n ts in the co m m u n ic a tio n s in d u s tr y
con ta in ed d is m is s a l p a y c la u s e s ; th ey a c c o u n te d f o r a b ou t a fo u r th o f a ll c o n tr a c ts w ith
su ch p r o v is i o n s . In the p r im a r y m e ta ls g r o u p , n e a r ly tw o -fifth s o f the m a jo r a g r e e ­
m en ts stu d ie d p r o v id e d f o r d is m is s a l p a y ; in e l e c t r i c a l m a c h in e r y , the r a tio w as 1 out
o f 4.
C o m b in e d , th e s e 3 in d u s tr y g ro u p s a c c o u n te d f o r h a lf o f a ll s e v e r a n c e p a y
c la u s e s ; the b a la n c e w as s c a t t e r e d th rou g h 13 m a n u fa ctu rin g and 8 n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s try g r o u p s .
S e v e r a n c e p lan s w e r e m o s t p r e v a le n t in m a jo r c o n tr a c ts n e g o tia te d
b y the U nited S te e lw o r k e r s (5 3 ), the C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a (4 2 ), and
the In tern a tio n a l B r o th e r h o o d o f E le c t r i c a l W o r k e r s (1 9 ).

1 A ls o r e f e r r e d to in a g r e e m e n ts as " la y o ff a llo w a n c e , " "s e p a r a t io n a llo w a n c e *
"t e r m in a tio n p a y , " and " s e r v i c e a w a r d . "
2 L a y o ff p r o c e d u r e s in u n ion a g r e e m e n ts a r e d e s c r ib e d in A n A n a ly s is o f L a y o ff,
R e c a ll, and W o r k -s h a r in g P r o c e d u r e s in U nion C o n t r a c t s , B LS B u ll. 1209.
3 See D is m is s a l P a y P r o v is io n s in U nion A g r e e m e n t s , D e c e m b e r 1 9 4 4 , W a sh ­
in g ton 1 945 , B LS B u ll. 808; D is m is s a l P a y P r o v is io n s in U nion A g r e e m e n t s , A p r il
1950, W ash in gton 1 951, B LS B u ll. 1022.




2
T A B L E 1 . — D ism issa l pay provisions in m ajor collective bargaining agreem ents
by industry, 1 9 5 5 -5 6
Provisions for
d ism issa l pay 1

Number studied
Industry
Agreem ents

- W orkers
(thousands)

A greem ents

W orkers
(thousands)

1 ,6 9 3

7 ,2 8 9 .9

266

1 ,7 6 8 .4

M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------

1, 142

4 ,8 1 2 .5

152

1 ,0 7 4 .0

Food and kindred products ------------------------------Tobacco m anufactures -------------------------------------T e x tile -m ill p r o d u c ts ----------------------------------------Apparel and other finished
textile p r o d u c ts ------------------------------------------------Lumber and wood products
(except furniture) --------------------------------------------Furniture and fixtures -------------------------------------Paper and allied products -------------------------------Printing, publishing, and
allied in d u s t r i e s -----------------------------------------------Chem icals and allied products -----------------------Products of petroleum and coal --------------------Rubber products ------------------------- *----------------------Leather and leather p r o d u c ts --------------------------Stone, clay, and glass products --------------------P rim a ry m etal industries -------------------------------Fabricated m etal products ------------------------------M achinery (except electrica l) -------------------------E le c trica l m achinery ----------------------------------------Transportation equipment -------------------------------Instruments and related products ------------------M iscellaneous manufacturing -------------------------

109
11
61

3 5 1 .6
3 1 .4
144. 6

14

9 4 .6

A ll industries

-------------------------------------------------------

-

-

9

19. 3

50

4 4 4 .2

-

-

17
18
52

3 9 .5
3 2 .2
100. 6

-

-

1
-

2. 3
-

31
60
27
21
21
36
119
71
135
105
138
29
31

6 2 .4
132. 3
78. 0
128. 6
7 1 .6
110. 6
666. 6
194. 8
3 6 1 .1
4 3 0 .4
1 ,3 0 4 .7
64. 1
6 3 .2

7
16
2
5
1
45
10
2
25
7
6
2

13. 8
39. 0
1 0 .4
55. 5
1 .4
4 89. 6
77. 0
4 .6
1 8 1 .4
57. 5
2 3. 5
4 .2

N onm an ufacturin g------------------------------------

551

2 ,4 7 7 .4

114

6 9 4 .4

M ining, crude petroleum and
natural-gas production ----------------------------------Transportation 2 -------------------------------------------------Comm unications ------------------------------------------------U tilitie s: E le c tric and gas ------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------------------R etail trade ' --------------------------------------------------------Hotels and restaurants -------------------------------------Services ---------------------------------------------------------------Construction -------------------------------------------------------M iscellaneous nonmanufacturing --------------------

19
92
73
72
14
73
28
51
122
7

303. 1
380. 6
563. 5
198. 6
23. 3
197. 1
132. 6
154. 3
4 9 9 .9
2 4. 4

3
2
68
12
1
8
2
17

12. 6
2. 7
533. 7
55. 5
1 .2
27. 1
4 .2
5 6 .2

1 C overs contract provisions referrin g
nation p a y ," "se v e ra n c e p a y ," etc.
2 Excludes railroads and a irlin e s.
NOTE:




to "d is m is s a l pay, "

"la y o ff"

-

-

1 .3

1

and "sep aration

Because of rounding, sum s of individual item s do not n e c e ssa rily equal totals.

allow ance, "

"t e r m i­

3
T y p ic a lly , d is m is s a l p a y c la u s e s p r o v id e f o r p a y m e n ts gra d u a ted a c c o r d in g
to the e m p l o y e e ^ len g th o f s e r v i c e . O nly a s m a ll p r o p o r t io n o f the p lan s stu d ie d p r o ­
v id e d u n ifo r m a m ou n ts to a ll e lig ib le w o r k e r s .
G rad u ated P la n s
P r o v is io n s w h ich s c a le d the a llo w a n c e to the w o r k e r ls p r e v io u s s e r v i c e w e r e
fou n d in 238 o f the 266 a g r e e m e n t s . S om e p la n s a llo w e d a fix e d am ou n t f o r e a c h unit
o f s e r v i c e (e. g. , 1 w eek *s p a y a ft e r 1 y e a r , 2 w e e k s 1 p a y a ft e r 2 y e a r s , e t c . ) and
o th e r s v a r ie d the a m ou n ts w ith g r o u p e d units o f s e r v i c e (e. g. , 1 w e e k rs p a y f o r 1 to
5 y e a rs * s e r v i c e , 2 w e e k s 1 p a y f o r 6 to 9 y e a r s , e t c . ) .
1.

G rad u a ted p lan — fix e d a m ou n t f o r e a c h unit o f s e r v i c e
A ll r e g u la r situ a tio n h o ld e r s w ho a r e d e p r iv e d o f a r e g u la r s itu a tio n , h a vin g
1 y e a r o r m o r e s e r v i c e as su ch o f r e g u la r e m p lo y m e n t, s h a ll r e c e iv e s u s p e n s io n
o r m e r g e r p a y as f o llo w s :
Y ea rs of s e r v ic e

W eek s o f p a y

1

2

3
4
2.

1

2

3
4

G rad u a ted p lan — am ou n t v a r ie s w ith units o f s e r v i c e
E m p lo y e e s fu r lo u g h e d b e c a u s e o f t e c h n o lo g ic a l d is p la c e m e n t w ill b e e lig ib le
f o r s e v e r a n c e p a y at the end o f th e ir fu r lo u g h p r o v id e d th ey h a ve n ot r e je c t e d a
c a ll b a c k to w o r k as d e fin e d . . . .
E m p lo y e e s e lig ib le
b a s is :

f o r s e v e r a n c e p a y s h a ll b e c o m p e n s a te d on

Y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

the fo llo w in g

W eeks o f pay

5 -9

3
4
5
6
8

9-12
1 2 -1 5
1 5 -1 8
1 8 -2 1
2 1 -2 5
O v e r 25

10

13

A ll but 6 o f the 238 p la n s w h ich e s ta b lis h e d g ra d u a te d a llo w a n c e s d e fin e d m i n i­
m u m len gth o f s e r v i c e s ta n d a r d s , ra n g in g fr o m 1 m on th to 10 y e a r s (ta b le 2 ).
The
g r e a t e s t n u m b e r o f a g r e e m e n ts p r o v id e d f o r a m in im u m p a y m e n t o f 1 w e e k rs e a r n in g s ,
ty p ic a lly a ft e r 1 y e a r fs s e r v i c e . F o r t y - s i x c o n tr a c ts g ra n te d 4 w e e k s 1 a llo w a n c e a ft e r
3 y e a r s 1 s e r v ic e .
C o n s id e r a b le v a r ia t io n w as fou n d in the 106 p la n s w h ich d e fin e d m a x im u m p a y ­
m e n ts . S e r v ic e r e q u ir e m e n ts ra n g e d fr o m le s s than 1 y e a r to 29 y e a r s , and p a y m e n ts
w e r e s c a le d fr o m 1 to 88 w e e k s . W ith o n ly 1 e x c e p tio n , the m a x im u m am ou n t c a lle d
f o r at le a s t 2 o r m o r e w e e k s 1 p a y .
A b o u t h a lf o f th e se a g r e e m e n ts (50)— p r im a r ily
in the s t e e l in d u s tr y — s e t a m a x im u m o f 8 w e e k s 1 p a y a ft e r 10 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e .
3.

G rad u ated p la n — m in im u m 40 h o u r s 1 p a y
h o u r s 1 p a y a ft e r 4 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e

a ft e r

E m p lo y e e s e m p lo y e d f o r 1 y e a r o r m o r e and
1 y e a r o r m o r e a ft e r the date o f r e c a l l sh a ll in
m e n t u n d er the p r o v is io n s o f o r upon the sa m e
p l o y e r ^ p e n s io n p la n o r b e c a u s e o f p e r m a n e n t




1 yearY
s

s e r v ic e ;

m a x im u m

120

r e c a ll e d e m p lo y e e s e m p lo y e d f o r
the ev en t o f la y o ff o r o f r e t i r e ­
c o n d itio n as p r o v id e d in the e m ­
p h y s ic a l d is a b ilit y r e c e iv e la y o ff

T A B L E 2 . — Pay and s e rv ic e p rovisions under graduated types of d is m is s a l pay plans in m a jo r c ollective bargaining a g re e m e n ts , 1 9 5 5 -5 6

S e rv ice requirem ents

Num ber
of
a g re e ­
m ents

M inim um payment
L ess
than
1 week*s

pay
A ll graduated plans
1 month to 1 yea r —
1 month ------------- -----6 m onths -----------------1 year ---------------------18 m o n t h s ---------------2 ye a rs --------------------3 y e a r s -------------------4 y ea rs --------------------5 ye a rs -------------------10 y e a rs — ---------------Other -------------------------

1 238

18

18

L e ss than 1 y e a r ---------2 y ea rs -------------------------3 y ea rs -------------------------4 yea rs -------------------------5 yea rs -------------------------10 y ea rs ------------------------12 ye a rs -----------------------1 5 y e a rs -----------------------20 ye a rs -----------------------21 y ea rs -----------------------2 3 V2 y ea rs -------------------25 ye a rs -----------------------26 y ea rs -----------------------2 7V 2 y e a r s -------------------29 ye a rs -----------------------No m axim um specified

6
day’ s
pay

126

2
weeks *
pay

3
w eek s*
pay

4
w e e k s1 m onth’ s
pay
pay

10
5
2
weeks * m onths * weeks*
pay
pay
pay

$2 5 per
year

1

$ 100 +
$ 5 0 per
year

Other

1

18

2
86

28
80

22

51

19

2

35

10

1

1
10

2

1

51

1

46

1
1

11
4
7

N um ber
of
ag ree­
m ents

A ll graduated plans

w eek’ s
pay

M axim um payment

2
w eek ’ s
pay

weeks*
pay

3
weeks *
pay

4
weeks *
pay

5
w eeks *
pay

__________16________ 9__________5__________1
238__________ 1

6
w eeks *
pay
1

8
weeks *
pay
50

9
w eeks *
pay

10

12

weeks *
pay

w eeks*
pay

13
weeks*
pay

1

3

5

2

3

1
1

20
4 8 -8 8
weeks * w eeks *
pay
pay2
3

9

2
2
2
10
7
59

1
5
6

2
2
2

2
2
3

1

2

1

1
3
132

1 Includes 7 a g re e m e n ts, 5 of which defined the minimum amount of severa n ce allow ance without indicating m inim um se r v ic e req u irem en t, 1 agreem ent
which after 1 year provided for 1 w e e k ’ s pay plus 5 percent of b a sic allow an ce, and 1 ag reem en t which based amount of m inim um pay on reason fo r separation.
2 Includes 1 a g reem en t which provided a m axim um amount of 48 w eeks* pay after 2 3 Vz yea rs* s e r v ic e ; 3 a g reem en ts which provided 52 w eeks* pay, 2 of
which required 21 y e a r s ’ se rv ic e and the other, 26 y e a rs; 2 agreem ents which provided 56 w eeks* pay, J of which required 2 3 V2 yea rs* s e rv ic e and the oth er,
2 7 V 2 y e a r s ; and 3 a g reem en ts which provided 88 weeks* pay after 29 y e a r s ’ s e r v ic e .




5
p a y co m p u te d b y m u ltip ly in g the e m p l o y e e ^ r e g u la r h o u r ly ra te o f p a y b y the f o l ­
lo w in g n u m b e r o f h o u r s :
E m p lo y e e s e m p lo y e d f o r a p e r io d
o f 1 y e a r o r m o r e but le s s than
2 y e a r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e e s e m p lo y e d f o r 2 y e a r s
o r m o r e but le s s than 4 y e a r s ------ -------------------

80 h o u rs

E m p lo y e e s e m p lo y e d f o r a p e r io d
o f 4 y e a r s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------

4.

40 h o u r s

120 h o u rs

G ra d u a ted p la n — m in im u m 2 w e e k s 1 p a y a ft e r 6 m on th s* s e r v i c e ; m a x im u m 48 w e e k s 1
p a y a ft e r 23 V2 y e a r s * s e r v i c e
~
~
~ ’
D is m is s a l in d e m n ity s h a ll b e p a id in a lu m p sum at the r a te o f 2 w e e k s 1 p a y
f o r the f i r s t 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e , p lu s 1 w eek *s p a y f o r e a c h su b se q u e n t fu ll
6 m on th s o f con tin u ou s s e r v i c e up to a m a x im u m o f 48 w e e k s 1 p a y f o r 282 m on th s
o r m o r e o f con tin u ou s s e r v i c e .

In 132 g ra d u a ted p la n s , the m a x im u m a m ou n t o f d is m is s a l p a y w as not s p e c ­
if ie d . S om e p la n s g ra n te d 1 w e e k ! s p a y f o r e a c h y e a r o f s e r v i c e . In o t h e r s , the r a tio
o f d i s m is s a l p a y to s e r v i c e w a s p r o g r e s s i v e l y r a is e d as y e a r s o f s e r v i c e in c r e a s e d .
The m a jo r it y o f a g r e e m e n ts in the c o m m u n ic a tio n s in d u s tr y a n d , to a le s s e x te n t,
a g r e e m e n ts in p u b lic u t ilit ie s , co n ta in e d p r o v is io n s o f this ty p e .
5.

G rad u a ted p la n — u n ifo r m

r a tio o f d is m is s a l p a y ; no m a x im u m s p e c if ie d

A n y e m p lo y e e w h o b e c o m e s e lig ib le f o r a s e r v i c e a w a rd .
s e r v i c e a w a rd c a lc u la te d in the fo llo w in g m a n n e r :
(l)
A n e lig ib le e m p lo y e e s h a ll b e p a id on the b a s is
fu ll y e a r o f c r e d it e d s e r v i c e . . . .
6.

.

.

s h a ll h ave sa id

o f 1 w eek*s p a y f o r e a ch

G ra d u a ted p la n — r a tio o f d is m is s a l- p a y in c r e a s e s w ith len g th o f s e r v i c e ; no m a x i­
m u m s p e c if ie d
An e m p lo y e e w h o is la id o ff in a r e d u c tio n o f f o r c e
a llo w a n c e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n :

m on th s
year
years
years
years
years

r e c e iv e

a la y o ff

W eek s o f la y o ff
a llo w a n c e

A c c u m u la te d s e r v i c e
6
1
2
3
4
5

s h a ll

2
---------— -----------------------

4
6
8
9
10

T w o w e e k s f o r e a c h a d d itio n a l fu ll y e a r o v e r 5, up to and in clu d in g 15 y e a r s 1
s e r v i c e ; 3 w e e k s f o r e a c h a d d itio n a l fu ll y e a r o v e r 15 y e a r s ; up to and in clu d in g
20 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e ; and 4 w e e k s f o r e a c h a d d itio n a l fu ll y e a r o v e r 20 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e .
M o s t o f the g ra d u a te d p la n s d e fin e d p a y m e n ts in te r m s o f w e e k ly or h o u r ly
e a r n in g s .
In a fe w c a s e s , h o w e v e r , a llo w a n c e s w e r e e x p r e s s e d in fix e d m o n e ta r y
a m o u n ts. In one a g r e e m e n t , w e e k ly State u n e m p lo y m e n t b e n e fits w e r e to b e m u ltip lie d
b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e to co m p u te the d is m is s a l c o m p e n s a tio n .




6
7.

G rad u a ted p la n — p a y m e n t sta te d a s m o n e ta r y a m ou n t; m a x im u m not s p e c ifie d
A n y e m p lo y e e w ith 3 y e a r s o r m o r e o f s e r v i c e la id o ff
f o r c e s h a ll r e c e iv e $2 5 f o r e a c h fu ll y e a r o f s e r v i c e .

8.

due to r e d u c tio n in

G ra d u a ted p la n — w e e k ly u n e m p lo y m e n t b e n e fits m u lt ip lie d b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e d e t e r ­
m in e s p a y m e n ts ; n o m a x im u m s p e c if ie d
T e c h n o lo g ic a l d is p la c e m e n t c o m p e n s a tio n w ill b e m a d e in a lu m p -s u m p a y m e n t
equ al to the n u m b e r o f y e a r s o f the e m p lo y e e *s con tin u ou s e m p lo y m e n t w ith the
co m p a n y m u lt ip lie d b y an a m ou n t eq u a l to the ra te o f the m a x im u m w e e k ly b e n e fit
c u r r e n t ly p r e s c r ib e d b y the N ew J e r s e y U n e m p lo y m e n t C o m p e n s a tio n L a w .

U n ifo rm P la n s
U n d er 11 p la n s , a ll e m p lo y e e s fu lfillin g m in im u m s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n ts w e r e
to r e c e iv e the s a m e am ou n t o f d is m is s a l p a y , r e g a r d le s s o f d if fe r e n c e s in len g th o f
s e r v ic e .
A llo w a n c e s u n d e r u n ifo r m p la n s w e r e m u c h le s s li b e r a l than th o se fou n d in
c o n tr a c ts co n ta in in g g ra d u a ted p la n s .
The m a x im u m u n ifo r m a llo w a n c e , fou n d in 4
a g r e e m e n t s , g ra n te d 3 w e e k s 1 p a y .

9.

U n ifo rm p la n — 2 w e e k s 1 d is m is s a l p a y ; n o m in im u m s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n t
In the ev en t o f a p e r m a n e n t s u s p e n s io n o f p u b lic a tio n o f an y n e w s p a p e r o r the
p e rm a n e n t a m a lg a m a tio n o f n e w s p a p e r s b y a s ig n e e o f this c o n t r a c t , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 w e e k s 1 w a g e s s h a ll b e m a d e to m e m b e r s w h o lo s e situ a tio n s th e r e b y b y th e ir
la t e s t e m p lo y e r .

10.

U n ifo rm p la n — 3 w e e k s 1 d is m is s a l p a y to e m p lo y e e s w ith at le a s t 1 y e a r l s s e r v i c e
In the ev en t o f m e r g e r , c o n s o lid a t io n , o r p e r m a n e n t s u s p e n s io n b y an y n e w s ­
p a p e r c o v e r e d b y this a g r e e m e n t , a il r e g u la r s itu a tio n h o ld e r s w ith 1 y e a r o r m o r e
o f s e r v i c e as r e g u la r situ a tio n h o ld e r s w h o b y v ir tu e o f the m e r g e r , c o n s o lid a t io n ,
o r p e rm a n e n t s u s p e n s io n a r e d e p r iv e d o f r e g u la r situ a tio n s sh a ll r e c e iv e the c a s h
e q u iv a le n t o f 3 w e e k s* (15 s h ift s ) p a y at th e ir c u r r e n t ra te in a d d itio n to an y a c ­
cu m u la te d v a c a tio n c r e d it s o r an y o th e r m o n e y due th em .

11.

U n ifo rm p la n ----10 days* s a la r y to e m p lo y e e s w ith at le a s t 5 y e a r s * s e r v i c e
E m p lo y e e s w h o h ave b e e n on s a la r y f o r 5 y e a r s o r m o r e , w h o a r e la id o ff
and not t r a n s fe r r e d to an h o u r ly r a t e , w ill b e p a id 10 days* b a s ic s a la r y .

O th er D is m is s a l P a y P la n s
The b a la n c e o f the a g r e e m e n ts (17) did n ot se t fo r t h the d e ta ils o f the s e v e r ­
a n ce p la n o r the a m ou n t the e m p lo y e e c o u ld e x p e c t to r e c e i v e . In su ch s itu a tio n s , the
c o m p a n y r e s e r v e d the rig h t to m a k e o r in c r e a s e a w a rd s on an in d iv id u a l b a s is o r v a r y
the am ou n t b y r e a s o n o f d is c h a r g e , o r the d is m is s a l a llo w a n c e w as to be n e g o tia te d
as the o c c a s io n a r o s e .
One a g r e e m e n t w h ich c o v e r e d h o u r ly and s a la r ie d e m p lo y e e s
p r o v id e d m o r e li b e r a l b e n e fits f o r the la tte r g ro u p .

12.

In d iv id u a l c o n s id e r a tio n
A n e m p lo y e e w h o is s e p a r a te d fr o m the e m p lo y o f the c o m p a n y on the in itia tio n
o f m a n a g e m e n t m a y be c o n s id e r e d f o r a te r m in a tio n p a y m e n t in a c c o r d a n c e w ith
the e x is tin g te r m in a tio n p a y m e n t p o li c y o f the co m p a n y . W h eth er o r not a t e r m i ­
n ation p a y m e n t w ill b e m a d e s h a ll d ep en d u pon the c ir c u m s t a n c e s o f the s e p a r a tio n
in e a ch c a s e .




7
13.

A m ou n t o f a llo w a n c e
in d iv id u a l b a s is

s p e c if ie d

but

co m p a n y

m ay

m ake

a d d itio n a l

p a y m e n ts

on

In c a s e s w h e r e an e m p lo y e e has m o r e than 15 y e a r s o f n et c r e d it e d s e r v i c e ,
co m p a n y m a y in its d is c r e t io n m a k e p a y m e n ts in a d d itio n to th o se p r o v id e d . . .
su ch a d d itio n a l p a y m e n ts to b e d e te r m in e d b y c o m p a n y on an in d iv id u a l b a s is . It
is u n d e r s to o d that c o m p a n y m a y in its d is c r e t io n p a y a la y o ff a llo w a n c e . . .
in
an am ou n t g r e a t e r than that p r o v id e d f o r h e r e in .

14.

A m ou n t o f a llo w a n c e v a r ie s w ith r e a s o n f o r s e p a r a tio n
If the e m p lo y m e n t o f an y e m p lo y e e is te r m in a te d b y la y o ff o r d is c h a r g e b e ­
c a u se o f a d v e r s e b u s in e s s co n d itio n s o r b e c a u s e o f d is c o n tin u a n c e o f b u s in e s s ,
c lo s in g o f the s t o r e , b a n k r u p tc y , w h e th e r v o lu n ta r y o r in v o lu n ta r y , an a r r a n g e m e n t
p r o c e e d in g u n d er c h a p te r X I o f the B a n k ru p tcy A c t , o r an a s s ig n m e n t f o r the b e n e ­
fit o f c r e d i t o r s , su ch e m p lo y e e o r e m p lo y e e s s h a ll b e e n title d to the fo llo w in g
s e v e r a n c e p a y , d ep en d en t on len gth o f s e r v i c e w ith the e m p lo y e r an d / o r h is
pred ecessors:
L en gth o f s e r v i c e

W eek s o f s e v e r a n ce pay

M o r e than 6 m on th s and
le s s than 1 y e a r --------------------------------------------1 y e a r o r m o r e but le s s
than 2 y e a r s
----------------------------------------------2 y e a r s o r m o r e but le s s
than 3 y e a r s
----------------------------------------------3 y e a r s o r m o r e ----------

1
2
3
4

Such s e v e r a n c e p a y s h a ll be d e e m e d d e fe r r e d e a rn in g s o f the e m p lo y e e s in v o lv e d
an d, fu r t h e r , s h a ll in a ll le g a l p r o c e e d in g s , b e d e e m e d p r e f e r r e d c la i m s . . . .

If the e m p lo y e r b e c a u s e o f the b on a fid e s a le o f h is d ru g s t o r e o r b e c a u s e o f
taking in o f a p a r tn e r d e s ir e s to d is c h a r g e o r la y o ff an y e m p lo y e e , he s h a ll do s o
o n ly w ith the c o n s e n t o f the u n ion .
If the u n ion r e fu s e s su ch c o n s e n t, the e m ­
p lo y e r m a y s u b m it the m a tte r to a r b it r a tio n as h e r e in a ft e r p r o v id e d , i f he d e e m s
h im s e lf a g g r ie v e d .
S hould the a r b it r a t o r su sta in the e m p lo y e r in su ch d is c h a r g e
o r la y o ff b e c a u s e o f the bon a fid e s a le o f h is d ru g s t o r e or b e c a u s e o f taking in
o f a p a r tn e r , the e m p lo y e e in v o lv e d s h a ll b e e n title d to the fo llo w in g p a y , dep en d en t
upon the len gth o f s e r v i c e w ith the e m p lo y e r a n d /o r h is p r e d e c e s s o r s :
W eek s o f s e v e r a n ce p a y

Y ea rs of s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1
1 but le s s than 2
2 but le s s than 3
3 or m ore

---------------------- ------------------------------------- ------- —--------------------------------- —— --------------------------------------- -------------------------------

1
3
4
6

In c a s e o f s a le o f s t o r e , b o th s e ll e r and b u y e r s h a ll b e r e s p o n s ib le fo r
a n ce p a y .
1 5.

sever­

A m ou n t o f a llo w a n c e s u b je c t to n e g o tia tio n
In an y c o n s o lid a t io n , s a le , o r o th e r tr a n s fe r o f p la n ts , r o u t e s , o r s t o r e s , the
am ou n t o f s e v e r a n c e p a y f o r the e m p lo y e e s a ffe c te d sh a ll b e d e te r m in e d b y m u tu al
c o n s e n t o f the p a r tie s o r b y the im p a r tia l c h a ir m a n .
A ll q u e stio n s not m u tu a lly
a g r e e d u p on , s h a ll b e d e te r m in e d b y the im p a r tia l c h a ir m a n .




8
1 6.

D iffe r e n t a llo w a n c e s f o r h o u r ly and s a la r ie d e m p lo y e e s
A llo w a n c e f o r s e v e r a n c e p a y s h a ll b e as fo l lo w s :
(1) H o u r ly p a id e m p lo y e e s :
O n e -h a lf day*s p a y f o r e a c h fu ll m on th o f c o n ­
tinuous s e r v i c e . M a x im u m o f 60 d a y s 1 p a y is a llo w e d . A day*s p a y s h a ll b e c o m ­
puted on the b a s is o f 8 h o u rs at the e m p lo y e e l s b a s e r a te .
(2) S a la r ie d e m p lo y e e s : T h r e e - fo u r t h d a y fs p a y f o r e a ch fu ll m on th o f c o n ­
tinuous s e r v i c e .
M a x im u m o f 90 d a y s T p a y is a llo w e d . F o r w e e k ly s a la r ie d e m ­
p lo y e e s — day*s p a y s h a ll b e co m p u te d on the b a s is o f the n o r m a l b a s ic w e e k ly
s a la r y d iv id e d b y 5. F o r m o n th ly s a la r ie d e m p lo y e e s — a day*s p a y s h a ll b e c o m ­
pu ted on the b a s is o f 8 h o u r s at the e m p l o y e e ^ e q u iv a le n t h o u r ly b a s e r a te . The
eq u iv a le n t h o u r ly b a s e ra te s h a ll be the y e a r ly s a la r y d iv id e d b y 2 0 8 0 .

A m ou n t o f D is m is s a l P a y
T he w id e v a r ia n c e a m o n g a g r e e m e n ts in the a m ou n t o f d is m is s a l p a y p r o v id e d
is d e m o n s tr a te d in ta b le 3, w h ic h sh o w s the p a y m e n t le v e ls (in in c r e m e n ts o f a w eek*s
p a y ) f o r s e le c t e d l e n g t h - o f - s e r v i c e in t e r v a ls .
A lth ou g h the a llo w a n c e in a n u m b e r o f
p lan s le v e le d o ff at a fix e d l e n g t h - o f - s e r v i c e p oin t (e . g. , 10 y e a r s ) , in g e n e r a l d i s ­
p la c e d w o r k e r s w e r e c o m p e n s a te d in p r o p o r t io n to th e ir len g th o f s e r v i c e . T h is te n d ­
e n c y is illu s tr a t e d in the a v e r a g e d is m is s a l p a y p r o v id e d at the s e le c t e d le n g t h -o f s e r v i c e p e r io d s (ta b le 4 ).
A v e r a g e c o m p e n s a tio n le v e ls w e r e su b s ta n tia lly h ig h e r in
n on m a n u fa ctu rin g than in m a n u fa c tu r in g , r e fle c t in g f o r the m o s t p a r t the p r a c t i c e s in
the c o m m u n ic a tio n s in d u s tr y . F o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ich c o m p e n s a tio n c o u ld b e c o m p u te d ,
the a v e r a g e s ten ded to w a rd s a w e e k rs p a y f o r e a c h y e a r o f s e r v i c e up th rou g h the
1 5 -y e a r m a r k .
A t 20 and 25 y e a r s , the a llo w a n c e , on the a v e r a g e , w as e s ta b lis h e d
at a so m e w h a t h ig h e r r a t io .

C o n d itio n s

G o v e rn in g P a y m e n ts

T he c o n d itio n s s p e c if ie d in the a g r e e m e n ts u n d e r w h ich d is m is s a l c o m p e n s a tio n
w as to b e g ra n te d w e r e o f tw o m a jo r ty p e s : ( l ) C a u se s f o r la y o ff in h e r e n t in the w o r k
s itu a tio n , and (2) c a u s e s a ttr ib u ta b le , in so m e
m e a s u r e , to the in d iv id u a l w o r k e r .
C on d itio n s w h ich r e f e r r e d to the w o r k situ a tio n w e r e fou n d in 192 a g r e e m e n t s ,
o r n e a r ly t h r e e -fo u r t h s o f a ll a g r e e m e n ts w ith s e v e r a n c e p a y c la u s e s . The m o s t c o m ­
m o n g rou n d s w e r e d e p a r tm e n t o r p lan t sh u td ow n , m e r g e r s , o r la c k o f w o r k . A s m a ll
n u m b e r o f a g r e e m e n ts fa ile d to s p e c if y the c o n d itio n s u n d e r w h ich the l a i d - o f f e m p lo y e e
w a s e n title d to a s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e .
S om e c o n tr a c ts sta te d b r o a d ly that su ch p a y ­
m en ts w e r e to b e m a d e in c a s e o f la y o ff f o r r e a s o n s b e y o n d the w o r k e r rs c o n t r o l o r
s im p ly r e f e r r e d to ' ’d is c h a r g e . ”
The p r e v a le n c e o f m a jo r co n d itio n s f o r d is m is s a l
p a y r e la t e d to w o r k s itu a tio n s w as as f o llo w s :




N um ber o f
a g r e e m e n ts
T o ta l a g r e e m e n ts

----------------------------------------------------

1 192

M e r g e r s , c o n s o lid a t io n s , o r
shutdow n o f d e p a rtm e n ts o r plan ts -----------------L a c k o f w o r k ------------------------------------------------------------T e c h n o lo g ic a l ch a n g e ---------------------------------------------A n y r e a s o n b e y o n d c o n t r o l o f e m p lo y e e --------------

140
86
18
8

cau se

1
The sum o f in d iv id u a l ite m s e x c e e d s the to ta l b e ­
1 a g r e e m e n t m a y co n ta in m o r e than 1 c o n d itio n .

9
T A B L E 3 .— Amount of d ism issa l pay provided at selected le n g th -o f-se rv ic e le ve ls under
m ajor collective bargaining ag reem en ts, 1 9 5 5 -56
A g r e e m e n ts p ro v id in g d is m i s s a l pa y a fte r —
A m ou n t of d is m is s a l pay
1 year

A l l a g r e e m e n t s p ro v id in g d i s m i s s a l pay

174

N o d i s m i s s a l p a y _________________________________________
L e s s th a n 1 w e e k
1 w eek
M o r e th a n 1 a n d l e s s t h a n 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
_
__ _____ .
2 V 2 w e e k s _____________________________________ ___________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________ __________________
4 w eeks
4 1/ 3 w e e k s _
5 w eeks
_ _ ..... .... _
6 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
M o r e th a n 6 a n d l e s s th a n 8 w e e k s
8 w eeks
M o r e th a n 8 a n d l e s s t h a n 10 w e e k s _______________
10 w e e k s
11 a n d l e s s th a n 1 5 w e e k s
15 w e e k s
16 a n d l e s s t h a n 2 0 w e e k s ____________________________
20 w eek s
21 an d l e s s t h a n 2 5 w e e k s ____________________________
25 w eek s
2 6 a n d l e s s th a n 3 0 w e e k s _
3 0 w e e k s _____________________________________________________
31 a n d l e s s t h a n 4 0 w e e k s ____________________________
40 w e e k s
41 a n d l e s s th a n 5 0 w e e k s
50 w e e k s
_
51 a n d l e s s th a n 6 0 w e e k s ____________________________
60 w eek s
...
_ .
61 a n d l e s s th a n 7 0 w e e k s ____________________________
70 w e e k s
. _
_ .... _
71 a n d l e s s t h a n 8 0 w e e k s
_
_ _
80 to 100 w e e k s
_
........
.....
... _
O th e r 1

1

5 years

10 y e a r s

15 y e a r s

20 y e a r s

25 y e a r s

266

266

266

266

262

92
.7
111
2
24
-

_

4
1
10
_

_

.

_

37
5
22
7
-

_
_
_

27
-

1
3
1
23
-

7
18
-

11
5
_

13
6
-

13
5
-

66
80
2
_

6
4
1
_

1
4
-

2
2
17
50
2
28
19
19
16
28
3
-

2
2
11
50
1
4
21
23
1
1
17
-

1
2
-

2
1
-

51
11
5
4
_

49
1
5
17
_

2
25
15
-

-

7
2
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

19

23

-

_
_
_
_
_

23

1
3
_

20
-

6
13
23
13
11
_
_
_
_
_
_

23

1
3
_

20
-

15
4
15
8
16
24
1
_
1
23

3
2
22
15
1
4
23
4
1
7
40
4
23

Includes agreem ents which provided for individual consideration as well as agreem ents which did not specify
Some contracts in this category made eligibility and amount subject to negotiation.

the amount.

TABLE 4 . — Average amount of dism issa l pay provided at selected le n g th -o f-se rv ic e levels under
m ajor collective bargaining agreem ents, in selected in d u stries, 1 9 5 5 -56 1
A greem ents
with specific
d ism issa l pay
provisions

Selected industries

Average d ism issa l pjly in weeks 2 after----

1 year 3

5 years 3

10 years

15 ye a rs

20 years

25 years

2 4 .0

3 0 .7

1 3 .6

16. 8
2 8 .0

.... _ _

244

0.8

4. 6

10.0

1 6 .4

A ll manufacturing industries 4
Food and kindred products
Chem icals and allied products
P rim ary m etal products
Fabricated m etal p ro d u cts_____________
E lectrica l m achinery .

143
14
14
45

0.6
1.0
.8

25

.5

4. 2
3 .0
3. 0
5 05
5. 0
3 .4

7 .6
7 .0
7 .0
7 .8
7 .7
8. 0

9 .8
1 4 .0
1 0 .4
8. 2
9 .0
1 3 .5

A ll nonmanufacturing in d u strie s4
Communications ____ ______
U tilities: E lectric and gas
Services _

101
66

1 .4

5 .4
5 .6
5 .6
4 .5

1 4 .0
1 7 .0

26. 0

A ll industries

_

10

9

12

.1

.6

1.1
1.2
1.6

11.0
7. 1

3 3 .7
1 5 .6
10. 0

21.0
1 3 .3
8 .7

16.8

3 9 .0
5 2 .4

5 1 .0
6 9 .0
26. 0
1 4 .1

11.6
21.0

20.6
1 2 .7

9 .2

11.6
2 8 .0

1 This table is based on 244 of the 266 collective bargaining agreem ents which provided for d ism issa l pay;
22 did not contain adequate information for computation of above av e rage s.
A verages were computed by weighting
each provision by number of w orkers covered by agreem ent.
2 5 days are counted as 1 w eek.
3 Plans providing no allowance at these service periods were included in the computation of the av e ra g e s.
4 Includes industries not shown separately.




10
17.

D is m is s a l p a y w hen p la n t an d/ o r s u b d iv is io n is p e r m a n e n tly shut dow n
W hen a d e p a rtm e n t a n d /o r a s u b d iv is io n th e r e o f is p e r m a n e n tly shut d ow n ,
m e a n in g o n ly the tota l and p e rm a n e n t d is c o n tin u a n c e o f o p e r a tio n s th e r e in . . .
and n ot the flu c tu a tio n s o f o p e r a t io n s , an e m p lo y e e w h o s e e m p lo y m e n t is te r m in a te d
as a r e s u lt t h e r e o f . . . s h a ll b e en title d to a s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e . . . .

18.

D is m is s a l p a y w hen d e p a rtm e n t o r p lan t is p e r m a n e n tly shut dow n
S e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e s . . . s h a ll b e p a id to e m p lo y e e s . . . w ho a r e p e r ­
m a n e n tly d r o p p e d fr o m the s e r v i c e b e c a u s e o f a r e d u c tio n in f o r c e a r is in g out
o f the c lo s in g o f a d e p a rtm e n t o r an e n tir e p la n t, and w hen it is e x p e c te d that
th ey w ill n ot b e r e e m p lo y e d .

19.

D is m is s a l p a y if te r m in a tio n due to m e r g e r , c o n s o lid a t io n , o r p e r m a n e n t s u s p e n s io n
of n ew sp ap er
In the e v e n t o f m e r g e r , c o n s o lid a t io n , o r p e r m a n e n t s u s p e n s io n o f any n e w s ­
p a p e r c o v e r e d b y this a g r e e m e n t, any e m p lo y e e w h o at the tim e o f su ch m e r g e r ,
c o n s o lid a t io n , o r p e rm a n e n t s u s p e n s io n has b e e n a r e g u la r situ a tio n h o ld e r f o r at
le a s t 1 y e a r o r w ho d u rin g h is c u r r e n t p e r io d o f u n in te rru p te d p r i o r i t y h a s a c ­
cu m u la te d at le a s t 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e as a r e g u la r situ a tio n h o ld e r and w h o b y v ir tu e
o f su ch m e r g e r , c o n s o lid a t io n , o r p e rm a n e n t s u s p e n s io n is d e p r iv e d o f e m p lo y m e n t,
s h a ll r e c e i v e , in a d d itio n to any a c c u m u la te d v a c a tio n c r e d it s o r an y o th e r m o n e y
due h im . . . .

20.

D is m is s a l p a y to e m p lo y e e s te r m in a te d b e c a u s e o f te c h n o lo g ic a l ch ange
The co m p a n y a g r e e s to the p r in c ip le o f 1 w e e k T s e v e r a n c e p a y f o r e a c h y e a r
s
o f p lan t s e r v i c e f o r e m p lo y e e s w ith at le a s t 2 y e a r s * p la n t s e r v i c e w h o lo s e e m ­
p lo y m e n t s o le l y b e c a u s e o f te c h n o lo g ic a l ch a n g e .

(1) A te c h n o lo g ic a l ch a n ge is a ch a n g e in p la n t la y o u t o r e q u ip m e n t, o r ch a n g es
in p r o c e s s o p e r a t io n s , e ith e r o f w h ich ca u s e the p a r t ic u la r jo b to b e p e r m a n e n tly
a b o lis h e d .
(2)

The te r m

s h a ll n ot in c lu d e :

( a ) % L a y o ffs c a u s e d b y d e n ie r ch a n g e , b u s in e s s c o n d itio n s , v a r ia tio n s or
ch a n g es in c u s t o m e r r e q u ir e m e n t s , shutdow ns f o r p lan t r e p a ir s o r r e h a b ilita tio n
o f eq u ip m e n t, o r te m p o r a r y o r s e a s o n a l in te r r u p tio n s o f w o r k , o r f o r r e a s o n s
b e y o n d the c o n t r o l o f the co m p a n y .
(b)
L a y o ffs o f la b o r a d d itio n s no lo n g e r r e q u ir e d a ft e r c o r r e c t i o n o f d if­
f ic u lt ie s w ith p r o c e s s e s , eq u ip m e n t, o r a b n o r m a l b e h a v io r o f c h e m ic a l so lu tio n s
o r r e a c t io n s .
(c )
program s.
(d)

2 1.

L a y o ff o f e m p lo y e e s

due to ch a n g e s in e x p e r im e n ta l o r d e v e lo p m e n t

C h an ges in m a in te n a n ce f o r c e s .

D is m is s a l p a y i f te r m in a tio n due to d e c lin in g b u s in e s s o r d is c o n tin u a n c e o f b u s in e s s
If the e m p lo y m e n t o r an y e m p lo y e e is te r m in a te d b y la y o ff o r d is c h a r g e b e ­
ca u se o f a d v e r s e b u s in e s s c o n d itio n s o r b e c a u s e o f d is c o n tin u a n c e o f b u s in e s s . . .
s u ch e m p lo y e e s h a ll b e e n title d to . . . s e v e r a n c e p a y . . . .




11
22.

D is m is s a l p a y in c a s e jo b is s h ifte d o r e lim in a te d
A n y e m p lo y e e w h o s e
o p e r a tio n s fr o m £ c it y 7 » o r
o r m o v e m e n t o f o p e r a tio n s
w o r k e r s w h o s e jo b s h ave
severa n ce pay. . . .

23.

e m p lo y m e n t is te r m in a te d . . . b e c a u s e o f a s h ift in
c u r ta ilm e n t o f jo b s in the p la n t b y the t r a n s fe r o f jo b s
and eq u ip m en t fr o m /jiity Z > ai*d s tr a w hat and m i lli n e r y
a lr e a d y b e e n e lim in a te d o r d is c o n tin u e d s h a ll r e c e iv e

D is m is s a l p a y to e m p lo y e e ^ la id o ff due to la c k o f w o r k
R e g u la r e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e la id o ff due to la c k o f w o r k sh a ll b e p a id a la y o ff
a llo w a n c e d e te r m in e d as to a m ou n t b y . . .

24.

D is m is s a l p a y to e m p lo y e e s la id o ff f o r r e a s o n s b e y o n d th e ir c o n t r o l
E m p lo y e e s la id o ff b y the c o m p a n y f o r r e a s o n s b e y o n d th e ir c o n t r o l w ill b e p a id
s e p a r a tio n p a y in a c c o r d a n c e w ith . . .

2 5.

D is m is s a l p a y to e m p lo y e e s la id o ff th rou gh no fa u lt o f th e ir own
A n y e m p lo y e e w h o is la id o ff o r w h o se e m p lo y m e n t is s e v e r e d th rou g h no fa u lt
o f h is ow n . . . s h a ll b e g ra n te d s e v e r a n c e p a y as f o llo w s : . . .

26.

D is m is s a l p a y in ev e n t o f d is c h a r g e
In the ev e n t o f an y d is c h a r g e
fo llo w s : . . .

.

.

. the (co m p a n y ) w ill p a y s e v e r a n c e p a y as

L e s s fr e q u e n t w e r e c la u s e s w h ich g ra n ted a d is m is s a l a llo w a n c e i f la y o ff w a s ,
in s o m e m e a s u r e , r e la te d to the c a p a c it ie s o f the in d iv id u a l w o r k e r . A m o n g the c a u s e s
ju s tify in g su ch p a y m e n ts w e r e in e ff ic ie n c y , in a b ility to a d ju st to ch a n g ed w o r k in g
c o n d itio n s , u n s a t is fa c t o r y jo b p e r fo r m a n c e , p h y s ic a l d is a b ilit y , and e v e n v o lu n ta r y
r e s ig n a t io n s . S ev en teen a g r e e m e n t s , p r im a r ily in the m e a tp a ck in g in d u s tr y , p r o v id e d
f o r a llo w a n c e s p a y a b le to b e n e fic ia r ie s o f e m p lo y e e s w h o had d ie d in s e r v i c e , o r h a vin g
b e e n d is c h a r g e d , had d ied b e fo r e r e c e iv in g a fu ll a llo w a n c e . The p r e v a le n c e o f m a jo r
c o n d itio n s f o r d is m is s a l p a y r e la tin g to th e -c a p a c itie s o f the in d iv id u a l w as as f o llo w s :
N um ber of
a g r e e m e n ts
T o ta l a g r e e m e n ts

------------------------------------------- -------

1 54

I n e ffic ie n c y ; in a b ility to a d ju st to
ch a n g ed c o n d itio n s ----------------------------------------------P h y s ic a l d is a b ilit y ---------------------------------- ---------------P a y m e n t to b e n e f ic i a r y upon death
o f e m p lo y e e ----------------------------------------------------------V o lu n ta r y r e s ig n a tio n ---------------------------------------------

18
17
17
10

1
The sum o f in d iv id u a l ite m s e x c e e d s the
c a u s e 1 a g r e e m e n t m a y con ta in m o r e than 1 c o n d itio n .
2 7.

D is m is s a l p a y to
o r oth e r d u ties

e m p lo y e e s

p h y s ic a lly

and m e n ta lly

T e r m in a tio n p a y m e n ts w ill be p a id b y the
th rou gh the r e g u la r p a y r o lls i f . . .
(l)

h is

e m p lo y m e n t

is

p e r m a n e n tly

unable to

to ta l b e ­
p e r fo r m

r e g u la r

co m p a n y to e m p lo y e e c o m p e n s a te d

te r m in a te d

by

a c tio n

of

the

co m p a n y .

(a)
B e c a u s e o f h is p h y s ic a l o r m e n ta l in a b ility to p e r fo r m e ff ic ie n t ly
and s a fe ly h is r e g u la r ly a s s ig n e d w o r k o r o th e r w o r k w h ich is m a d e a v a ila b le
to h im b y the c o m p a n y .




12
28.

D is m is s a l p a y f o r e m p lo y e e s

u n a b le to p e r fo r m

jo b and n ot q u a lifie d to t r a n s fe r

W hen it b e c o m e s n e c e s s a r y to r e le a s e an e m p lo y e e . . . w h o , th rou g h
n o fa u lt o f h is ow n , is n o lo n g e r a b le to m e e t the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f h is jo b
and
w h o can not q u a lify f o r tr a n s fe r to a n o th e r jo b , he s h a ll b e p a id a te r m in a tio n
a llo w a n c e . . . .
29.

D is m is s a l p a y to e m p lo y e e s d is c h a r g e d f o r u n s a t is fa c t o r y jo b p e r fo r m a n c e
T e r m in a tio n W a g es Upon D is c h a r g e : A n e m p lo y e e w h en d is c h a r g e d f o r u n s a t is ­
f a c t o r y jo b p e r fo r m a n c e / a s d e fin e d b e lo w ? sh a ll r e c e iv e a te r m in a tio n w a g e . . . .
e q u iv a le n t to . . .
U n s a t is fa c t o r y jo b p e r fo r m a n c e ,

in clu d in g the fo llo w in g :

F a ilu r e to p e r f o r m w o r k in an e ffic ie n t and w o r k m a n lik e fa s h io n .
F a ilu r e to c o o p e r a t e w ith s u p e r v is o r s
p e r ta in in g to the c o m p a n y fs o p e r a t io n s .

a n d /o r

fe llo w

e m p lo y e e s

in

m a t te r s

U n s a t is fa c t o r y a c c id e n t r e c o r d ; c a r e le s s n e s s o r n e g lig e n c e on the jo b w h ich
a ffe c t s the s a fe t y o f fe llo w w o r k m e n o r w h ich in v o lv e s a v o id a b le d a m a g e to p r o p e r t y ;
u n s a fe , u n la w fu l d r iv in g .
30.

D is m is s a l p a y as in d u ce m e n t to r e s ig n if u n able to p e r fo r m jo b
A te r m in a tio n a llo w a n c e s h a ll b e p a id to a r e g u la r o r t e m p o r a r y
w h o se s e r v i c e is te r m in a te d u n d er any o f the co n d itio n s o u tlin e d b e lo w :

e m p lo y e e

(3)
A s an in d u ce m e n t p r o p o s e d , o r a g r e e d to , b y the c o m p a n y to an e m p lo y e e
to r e s ig n b e c a u s e o f in a b ility o r u n a d a p ta b ility to p e r fo r m p r o p e r ly the d u ties o f
the jo b as d is tin g u is h e d fr o m m is c o n d u c t .
31.

D is m is s a l p a y
r e s ig n a tio n

to

e m p lo y e e s

w ith

5 or

m ore

years

of

s e r v ic e

upon

v o lu n ta r y

A n e m p lo y e e w ho has c o m p le te d 5 o r m o r e y e a r s o f s e r v i c e w h o v o lu n ta r ily
r e s ig n s f o r r e a s o n s o f h is ow n , and w h o le a v e s the s e r v i c e in g o o d sta n d in g sh a ll
r e c e iv e as te r m in a tio n p a y 2 w e ek s* w a g e s . . . •
32.

D is m is s a l p a y p a id to h e ir s i f e m p lo y e e d ie s
In the e v e n t o f the d eath o f an y e m p lo y e e w ith 6 o r m o r e m on th s o f s e r v i c e ,
the p u b lis h e r a g r e e s that the b e n e fic ia r ie s o f the d e c e a s e d , d e sig n a te d b y the
e m p lo y e e in w r itin g in a d v a n c e , s h a ll b e p a id a sum e q u iv a le n t to that w h ich
the d e c e a s e d w ou ld h ave b e e n p a id had he b e e n d is c h a r g e d u n d er the te r m s o f
th is c o n t r a c t , but in n o ev en t le s s than $ 5 0 0 . . . .

33.

U npaid b a la n c e o f d is m is s a l a llo w a n c e p a id to b e n e fic i a r ie s
T he a m ou n t due s h a ll b e p a id a s fo llo w s :
(3)
In the e v e n t o f d ea th , an y unpaid b a la n c e
s h a ll b e p a id to the w id o w o r d e p e n d e n ts.

(o f the

s e p a r a tio n

a llo w a n c e )

U nder the te r m s o f a b ou t tw o -th ir d s o f the a g r e e m e n ts w ith d is m is s a l a ll o w ­
a n c e s , e m p lo y e r s w e r e n ot r e q u ir e d to m a k e su ch p a y m e n ts i f a s e p a r a tio n o c c u r r e d
f o r c e r t a in s p e c if ie d r e a s o n s .
U n d er 66 c o n t r a c t s , f o r e x a m p le , e m p lo y e e s f o r f e it e d
s e v e r a n c e p a y if d is c h a r g e d f o r c a u s e , and u n d er 4 8 , in c a s e o f v o lu n ta r y r e s ig n a tio n .
A c la u s e fou n d in 64 a g r e e m e n t s , p r im a r ily in the s t e e l in d u s tr y , p r o v id e d that e m ­
p lo y e e s w h o w e r e o ff e r e d a tr a n s fe r to a n o th e r jo b in the sa m e o r a n o th e r p la n t o f




13
the co m p a n y w e r e n ot e lig ib le f o r a s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e .
L a y o ffs d u rin g s tr ik e s ox
ju r is d ic t io n a l d is p u te s , fa ilu r e to c o m p ly w ith u n ion s e c u r it y r e q u ir e m e n t s , and c o n ­
d itio n s e n t ir e ly b e y o n d the c o m p a n y ls c o n t r o l (a cts o f G o d ), w e r e a m on g the o th e r
r e a s o n s f o r w h ich d is m is s a l p a y w as n ot g iv e n .
T w o c la u s e s s p e c if ic a ll y p r o v id e d
n o a llo w a n c e i f te r m in a tio n w a s ca u s e d b y death .

34.

No d is m is s a l p a y i f d is m is s e d fo r c a u se
An e m p lo y e e d is c h a r g e d f o r
a s e r v i c e a w a rd .

35.

N o d is m is s a l p a y i f d is m is s e d f o r d is h o n e s ty o r s e lf -p r o v o k e d d is c h a r g e

case
36.

ca u s e f o r f e it s a ll rig h ts to and is not e lig ib le f o r

D is m is s a l p a y n e e d not a p p ly to an e m p lo y e e d is c h a r g e d f o r d is h o n e s ty o r in
o f s e lf -p r o v o k e d d is c h a r g e f o r the p u r p o s e o f c o lle c t in g d is m is s a l p a y .

N o d is m is s a l p a y to
on le a v e - o f - a b s e n c e

e m p lo y e e s q u ittin g

v o lu n ta r ily ,

r e s ig n in g

by

req u est,

or

A la y o ff a llo w a n c e is not p a y a b le to an e m p lo y e e w h o te r m in a te s h is e m p lo y u n en t v o lu n ta r ily , o r w h o is d is c h a r g e d , o r w h o r e s ig n s b y 'com p a n y r e q u e s t, o r
w h o is g ra n ted le a v e o f a b s e n c e .

N o d is m is s a l p a y if e m p lo y e e r e fu s e s t r a n s fe r , jo b o f f e r , o r f o r o th e r s p e c if ie d
ca u ses
37A .

A n e m p lo y e e o th e r w is e e lig ib le f o r s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e w ho is en title d b y
h is s e n io r it y rig h ts to a jo b in at le a s t the sa m e jo b c la s s in a n oth er p a r t o f
the p la n t s h a ll n ot b e en title d to s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e w h eth er he a c c e p t s o r r e ­
je c t s the t r a n s fe r .
*

3 7B.

*

*

S e v e r a n c e p a y s h a ll n ot be p a id :
(1)

T o e m p lo y e e s w ith le s s

than 1 y e a r l s con tin u ou s s e r v i c e .

(2)

In c a s e s w h e r e the e m p lo y e e w as d is c h a r g e d f o r c a u s e .

(3)

T o e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e r e t ir e d b y the c o m p a n y .

(4)

In c a s e s

o f v o lu n ta r y r e s ig n a tio n .

(5)
T o e m p lo y e e s w ho r e fu s e an o f f e r o f e m p lo y m e n t b y the co m p a n y in
a n o th e r d e p a rtm e n t o r a n o th e r unit o f its b u s in e s s , the lo c a t io n o f w h ich is
r e a s o n a b ly a c c e s s i b l e to the lo c a t io n o f the p la c e o f e m p lo y m e n t fr o m w h ich
the e m p lo y e e s a r e b e in g d r o p p e d fr o m the s e r v i c e .

N o d is m is s a l p a y i f la y o ff r e s u lts
38 A .

fr o m

w ork

sto p p a g e o r ju r is d ic t io n a l d isp u te

The p r o v is io n s o f this a r t i c le sh a ll not b e a p p lic a b le w h e r e the co m p a n y
d e c id e s to c lo s e a p lan t b e c a u s e o f the c o m p a n y ^ in a b ility to s e c u r e p r o d u c tio n
o r c a r r y on its o p e r a tio n s as a c o n s e q u e n c e o f a s t r ik e , slo w d o w n , o r o th e r
in t e r f e r e n c e w ith o r in te r r u p tio n w ith w o r k p a r tic ip a te d in b y e m p lo y e e s in the
p la n t, s e r v ic e s h o p , o r o th e r fa c i lit y in v o lv e d .
*

38B .




S everan ce

p a y s h a ll n ot

*

*

a p p ly if la y o ff

is r e s u lt

o f ju r is d ic t io n a l

d isp u te .

14
39.

No d is m is s a l p a y i f la y o ff r e s u lts fr o m a c ts o f G od and o th e r s p e c if ie d r e a s o n s
If the e m p lo y e e . . .
is la id o ff a s a r e s u lt o f . . . e p id e m ic , f i r e , a c tio n
o f the e le m e n t s , s tr ik e w a lk o u ts, la b o r d isp u te , g o v e r n m e n ta l o r d e r , c o u r t o r d e r
o r o r d e r o f an y o th e r le g a lly co n stitu te d b o d y , a c t o f G od , p u b lic e n e m y , w a r ,
r io t , c iv i l c o m m o t io n , o r f o r any o th e r ca u s e o r c a u s e s b e y o n d the c o n t r o l o f
the p r o d u c e r , w h e th e r o f the sa m e o r any o th e r n a tu r e , the e m p lo y e e s h a ll n ot
b e a llo w e d an y d is m is s a l p a y .

40.

N o d is m is s a l p a y i f e m p lo y e e

fa ils to c o m p ly

w ith u n i o n -s e c u r it y r e q u ir e m e n ts

R e g u la r e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e n ot m e m b e r s o f the /~union7 in g o o d sta n d in g sh a ll
b e b a r r e d fr o m e m p lo y m e n t o r fr o m co n tin u a n ce o f e m p lo y m e n t in any jo b c l a s s i ­
fic a t io n c o v e r e d b y this a g r e e m e n t, e x c e p t that e m p lo y e e s h ir e d u n d er o r t r a n s ­
f e r r e d to an y su ch jo b c la s s ifi c a t io n s h a ll b e p e r m itte d a 3 0 -d a y p e r io d o f s e r v i c e
as a r e g u la r e m p lo y e e b e f o r e m e m b e r s h ip in the /u n io n ? b e c o m e s m a n d a to r y .
A n y e m p lo y e e s o b a r r e d fr o m e m p lo y m e n t s h a ll n ot r e c e i v e any s e p a r a tio n a ll o w ­
a n ce o r p e n s io n fr o m the co m p a n y . . . .
41.

N o d is m is s a l p a y in ev en t o f death
The c o m p a n y s h a ll n ot be lia b le f o r te r m in a tio n p a y in c a s e o f death.

S e r v ic e and E lig ib ilit y
In a d d itio n to the r e q u ir e m e n t that a w o r k e r be e m p lo y e d f o r a c e r ta in p e r io d
o f tim e to q u a lify f o r d is m is s a l p a y , a n u m b e r o f a g r e e m e n ts a ls o d e fin e d h ow su ch
s e r v i c e w as to be co m p u te d .
T y p ic a lly , a y e a r o f s e r v ic e had to b e ’’c o n tin u o u s n o r
’ ’fu ll tim e , " alth ou gh le a v e s o f a b s e n c e f o r su ch r e a s o n s as m i lit a r y s e r v i c e o r s i c k ­
n e s s w e r e , as a r u le , not c o n s id e r e d b r e a k s in an e m p lo y e e T s e r v i c e r e c o r d .
s
U n der
s o m e a g r e e m e n t s , an e m p lo y e e c o u ld ob ta in a fu ll y e a r ls c r e d it a s s o o n as he c o m ­
p le te d a s p e c if ie d n u m b e r o f h o u rs o r m on th s o f s e r v i c e ; in o t h e r s , su ch p a r tia l
s e r v i c e w as p r o r a t e d .
H o w e v e r , t e m p o r a r y e m p lo y e e s o r th o se en g a g ed f o r s p e c ia l
p u r p o s e s w e r e u s u a lly not in clu d e d u n d er the p la n , r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v i c e .
D e fin itio n and c a lc u la tio n o f s e r v i c e f o r d is m is s a l p a y
42A .

A n e m p lo y e e , to b e e lig ib le f o r s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e , m u s t h a ve a c c u m u la te d
3
o r m o r e y e a r s o f con tin u ou s s e r v ic e at tim e o f te r m in a tio n o f e m p lo y m e n t,
co m p u te d in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a r t i c le IX----s e n io r it y — o f this a g r e e m e n t.
# * *

42B .

E m p lo y e e s h a vin g p e rm a n e n t status w ho a r e te r m in a te d b e c a u s e p f r e d u c tio n
in f o r c e , and w h o h a v e b e e n in con tin u ou s fu ll -t i m e s e r v i c e o f the c o m p a n y f o r
at le a s t 1 y e a r im m e d ia te ly p r i o r to te r m in a tio n s h a ll b e g iv e n 1 w eek*s s e v e r ­
an ce p a y. If su ch fu ll -t i m e con tin u ou s s e r v i c e has b e e n f o r m o r e than 2 y e a r s ,
2 w e e k s * s e v e r a n c e p a y s h a ll be p a id .
*

42C .

*

*

An e m p lo y e e . . . w ho d u rin g the 1 2 -m o n th p e r io d im m e d ia te ly p r i o r to the
date o f his d is m is s a l w as e ith e r (a) c o m p e n s a te d u n d e r a w e e k ly sc h e d u le o f p a y
and w ho has a c tu a lly r e c e iv e d p a y f o r 240 o r m o r e d ays in su ch 1 2 -m o n th p e r io d ,
o r (b) w as c o m p e n s a te d s o le l y u n d er a d a ily sc h e d u le o f p a y and has a c tu a lly
r e c e iv e d p a y f o r 200 o r m o r e s t r a ig h t -t im e days in s u ch 1 2 -m o n th p e r io d , o r
(c ) w as c o m p e n s a te d u n d er a c o m b in a tio n o f b oth a w e e k ly s c h e d u le o f p a y and
has a c tu a lly r e c e iv e d p a y f o r 240 o r m o r e days in su ch 1 2 -m o n th p e r io d . . .
s h a ll r e c e iv e 2 w e e k s 1 d is m is s a l p a y i f not o ff e r e d e m p lo y m e n t . . . w ith in
90 days o f d is m is s a l.




*

*

*

15
42D .

F o r the p u r p o s e s o f s e c t io n 2 (s e v e r a n c e p a y ), a fr a c t io n o f a y e a r s h a ll b e
p r o r a t e d , and 15 d ays o r m o r e s h a ll b e c o n s id e r e d a m on th .
* * *

42 E .

A y e a r o f s e r v i c e (fo r s e v e r a n c e p a y ) is one in w h ich an e m p lo y e e has w o r k e d
6 m on th s o r m o r e
* * *

42F.

. . .
In o r d e r to b e e n title d to c o n v e r s io n p a y , an . . . e m p lo y e e m u st
h ave w o r k e d in the b u ild in g u ntil the te r m in a tio n d a te, e x c e p t that he m a y quit
h is jo b d u rin g the 2 -w e e k p e r io d b e fo r e the te r m in a tio n date to a c c e p t o th e r
e m p lo y m e n t . . .
In c a s e o f illn e s s o r a c c id e n t , h o w e v e r , the . . . e m p lo y e e
m u st h a ve w o r k e d a t le a s t 3 days in the b u ild in g d u rin g the 6 0 -d a y p e r io d b e f o r e
the te r m in a tio n date (9 0 -d a y p e r io d i f the e le v a t o r e m p lo y e e has 10 o r m o r e
y e a r s 1 s e r v ic e in the b u ild in g ) in o r d e r to b e e n title d to c o n v e r s io n p a y .

43.

N o d is m is s a l p a y to t e m p o r a r y o r o c c a s io n a l e m p lo y e e s ,
f o r a d e fin ite p e r io d o r p r o je c t

or

fo r

th o se

en ga ged

/"S e v e ra n ce pav7 w ill not a p p ly to:
(1)
"T e m p o ra ry "
a g r e e m e n t.

or

‘ 'o c c a s i o n a l ”

e m p lo y e e s ,

as

d e fin e d

in

.

.

.

this

(2)
E m p lo y e e s e n g a g e d f o r a d e fin ite p e r io d o f tim e o r f o r the d u ra tio n o f
a s p e c i f i c p r o je c t .
O p tion s in L ie u o f D is m is s a l P a y
S om e c o n tr a c ts a llo w e d w o r k e r s the op tion o f c h o o s in g s e v e r a n c e p a y ,
a n oth er jo b , o r a n o th e r a lte r n a tiv e p r o p o s a l. In 67 a g r e e m e n t s , e m p lo y e e s w e r e g iv e n
the c h o ic e o f t r a n s fe r r in g to o th e r j o b s , e ith e r in the sa m e o r a lo w e r c la s s if i c a t io n ,
o r o f a c c e p tin g d is m is s a l p a y .
(In s o m e c a s e s , h o w e v e r , t r a n s fe r to a h ig h e r ra te d
o r equ al jo b w a s m a n d a to r y at the r is k o f lo s in g d is m is s a l p a y . ) E ig h te e n a g r e e m e n ts
con ta in ed p r o v is io n s a llo w in g e m p lo y e e s a lim it e d p e r io d o f tim e in w h ich to d e c id e
w h eth er to take s e v e r a n c e p a y o r to s e le c t o th e r a lt e r n a t iv e s o u tlin e d in the c o n tr a c t.
S om e c la u s e s gave the w o r k e r the o p tio n o f b e in g p la c e d on a p r e fe r e n t ia l h ir in g li s t ,
to b e r e c a ll e d as s o o n as r e h ir in g to o k p la c e .
In one c a s e , e m p lo y e e s w ho d e c id e d
to r e t i r e p r i o r to r e t ir e m e n t a g e w e r e p e r m itte d to s e le c t s e v e r a n c e p a y and w ith ­
d ra w th e ir c o n tr ib u tio n s fr o m the p e n s io n p la n ; in this a g r e e m e n t w o m e n a g ed 60 o r
o v e r c o u ld e le c t to r e t i r e p r i o r to the r e t ir e m e n t a g e (65 y e a r s ) on a p e n s io n plu s
a s e v e r a n c e a w a rd w h ich w as r e d u c e d b y the am ou n t o f the c o m p a n y ^ co n tr ib u tio n
to w a rd the p e n s io n .
44.

E m p lo y e e o p tio n to a c c e p t jo b in s a m e jo b c la s s o r d is m is s a l p a y
In lie u o f s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e , the co m p a n y m a y o ff e r an e lig ib le e m p lo y e e
a jo b , in the s a m e jo b c la s s f o r w h ich he is q u a lifie d , in a n oth er d e p a rtm e n t o f
the c o m p a n y .
T he e m p lo y e e s h a ll h ave the o p tio n o f e ith e r a c c e p tin g s u ch new
e m p lo y m e n t o r r e q u e s tin g h is s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e .
E m p lo y e e o p tio n to a c c e p t jo b in lo w e r jo b c la s s o r d is m is s a l p a y

45A .

In lie u o f s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e , the co m p a n y m a y o f f e r an e lig ib le e m p lo y e e
a jo b f o r w h ich he is q u a lifie d e ls e w h e r e in the p la n ts . . . .
(l)
If the jo b c a r r ie s a zo n e ra te le s s than that o f the jo b to w h ich the
e m p lo y e e w as la s t p e r m a n e n tly a s s ig n e d , he s h a ll h ave the op tion o f e ith e r
a c c e p tin g su ch n ew e m p lo y m e n t o r r e q u e s tin g h is s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e w ith in
30 c a le n d a r days o f the date o f w h ich the new jo b is p r o f f e r e d , o th e r w is e the
s e v e r a n c e p a y m e n t s h a ll b e m a d e and s e n io r it y s e r v i c e b r o k e n .




* * *

16
45 B .

If ari e m p lo y e e at an y p lan t w ho s h a ll lo s e h is jo b as a r e s u lt o f the p e r ­
m an en t c lo s in g o f su ch p la n t o r the p e r m a n e n t d is c o n tin u a n c e o f a d e p a rtm e n t
o f su ch p lan t o r a s u b sta n tia l p o r tio n t h e r e o f s h a ll be o ff e r e d e m p lo y m e n t b y
the c o m p a n y c o n s is t e n t w ith the p r o v is io n s o f a r t i c l e X /" s e n io r it y / h e r e o f in
a jo b f o r w h ich he is q u a lifie d at su ch p la n t, in the s a m e o r a h ig h e r jo b c l a s s ,
he s h a ll not b e en title d to a s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e p u rsu a n t to the p r o v is io n s o f
this a r t i c l e .
If he s h a ll b e o ff e r e d e m p lo y m e n t b y the co m p a n y in an y o th e r
jo b , he s h a ll h ave the o p tio n o f e ith e r a c c e p tin g s u ch o th e r e m p lo y m e n t o r r e ­
c e iv in g the s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e h e r e in p r o v id e d . . . .

46.

E m p lo y e e op tion o f a c c e p tin g d is m is s a l p a y o r la y o ff status
S hould d is p la c e m e n ts b e m a d e b e c a u s e o f ch a n ge in p la n t o r e q u ip m e n t o r
p r o c e s s o p e r a tio n s in a n y d e p a rtm e n t o r s e c t io n , a w o r k e r s o d is p la c e d s h a ll
be g iv e n the op tion f o r 3 days o f b e c o m in g a d is p la c e d e m p lo y e e w ith the b e n e fits
p r o v id e d u n d e r the te r m s o f this a g r e e m e n t /"s e p a r a tio n a llo w a n c e ? and b e in g
d r o p p e d fr o m the s e n io r it y li s t , o r b e in g t r a n s fe r r e d a c c o r d in g to s e n io r it y to
the fu r lo u g h lis t .
E m p lo y e e o p tio n o f a c c e p tin g d is m is s a l p a y o r a lt e r n a t iv e s

47A .

. . . E m p lo y e e s s u b je c t to f o r c e r e d u c tio n s h a ll h a ve the c h o ic e , w ith in the
the n o tic e p e r io d s p e c if ie d , o f the fo llo w in g o p tio n s :
(1)

P e n s io n , if e lig ib le .

(2)

A c c e p t a n c e o f f o r c e r e d u c tio n fu r lo u g h as p r o v id e d h e r e in b e lo w .

(3)

The rig h t to bu m p in to a lo w e r c la s s o f w o r k a s p r o v id e d h e r e in b e lo w .

(4) A c c e p t a n c e o f in v o lu n ta r y fu r lo u g h w ith s e v e r a n c e p a y in a c c o r d a n c e w ith
the fo llo w in g s ch e d u le and s u b je c t to the co n d itio n s s e t fo r t h h e r e in b e lo w .
* * *
47B .

W hen an e m p lo y e e h as r e c e iv e d n o tic e o f la y o ff,
3 days in w h ich to e le c t one o f the fo llo w in g o p tio n s :

he s h a ll h ave a m in im u m o f

(1)
B um p in to an eq u a l o r lo w e r c la s s ifi c a t io n p r o v id e d he h a s , in c o m ­
p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y e e s in the eq u a l o r lo w e r c la s s if i c a t io n , s u ffic ie n t c o m ­
p an y s e n io r it y and he ca n s a t i s f a c t o r i ly p e r fo r m the du ties r e q u ir e d in su ch
c la s s if i c a t io n . . . .
(2) B e p la c e d on a p r e fe r e n t ia l h ir in g lis t in the o r d e r o f h is c o m p a n y s e n ­
io r i t y s u b je c t to r e c a l l w ith in 1 y e a r fr o m the date o f h is la y o ff.
W ithin the
f i r s t 3 m on th s o f g o in g on the p r e fe r e n t ia l h ir in g l i s t , an e m p lo y e e m a y e le c t to
r e m a in on the p r e fe r e n t ia l h ir in g lis t o r to take s e v e r a n c e p a y . . . .
(3)
T ake s e v e r a n c e p a y on the fo llo w in g b a s is : . . . A s a c o n d itio n o f a c ­
ce p tin g s e v e r a n c e p a y p r o v id e d h e r e in , the e m p lo y e e sh a ll f o r f e i t an y c la im s to
p e n s io n rig h ts o r b e n e fits w h a ts o e v e r and s h a ll b e d e e m e d no lo n g e r in the e m ­
p lo y o f the co m p a n y .
48.

E m p lo y e e d is c h a r g e d b e fo r e r e t ir e m e n t a g e to r e c e iv e d is m is s a l p a y and c o n t r ib u ­
tion s t o p e n s i o n p la n ; w o m e n to h ave d is m is s a l p a y d e d u c te d fr o m c o m p a n y ^
p e n s io n co n tr ib u tio n
A n e m p lo y e e w ho is r e le a s e d . . . b e f o r e a tta in in g a ge 65 m a y c h o o s e to
w ith d ra w h is c o n tr ib u tio n s fr o m the p e n s io n p lan and r e c e i v e a s e v e r a n c e a w a r d .
. . . If a fe m a le e m p lo y e e r e t i r e s b e tw e e n a ge 60 and n o r m a l r e t ir e m e n t date
and e le c t s to take a p e n s io n , then any s e v e r a n c e a w a rd to w h ich sh e m a y b e
e n title d s h a ll b e r e d u c e d b y the to ta l a m ou n t o f the c o m p a n y ls c o n tr ib u tio n to w a rd
h e r p e n s io n .




17
R e c a ll
F o r the m o s t p a r t, the p a y m e n t o f d is m is s a l c o m p e n s a tio n to a l a i d - o f f w o r k e r
in d ica te d an e x p e c ta tio n that the la y o ff o r s e p a r a tio n w ou ld b e p e r m a n e n t. H o w e v e r , the
p o s s ib ilit y o f r e h ir e and the status o f the r e h ir e d w o r k e r w e r e c o n s id e r e d in s o m e
a g r e e m e n t s . A g r e e m e n ts w h ich ga v e a w o r k e r fa c in g la y o ff the o p tio n o f e ith e r g oin g
on fu rlo u g h o r a c c e p tin g
d is m is s a l p a y, u s u a lly sta te d that a fu r lo u g h e d w o r k e r r e ­
tain ed re e m p lo y m e n t r ig h ts and co u ld e x p e c t to b e r e c a ll e d to w o r k a c c o r d in g to the
r e c a l l p r o v is io n s o f the a g r e e m e n t. A c c e p t a n c e o f s e v e r a n c e c o m p e n s a tio n , h o w e v e r ,
g e n e r a lly te rm in a te d a ll a s p e c ts o f the e m p lo y m e n t r e la t io n s h ip . If the e m p lo y e e w as
su b se q u e n tly r e h ir e d , he w as n o r m a lly to b e c la s s e d as a new e m p lo y e e w ith n o a c ­
cu m u la ted s e n io r it y ; h is r e c o r d o f s e r v i c e , and w ith it h is e lig ib ilit y fo r fu tu re s e v e r ­
a n ce p a y m e n ts , w as to s ta r t w ith the date o f r e h ir e .
S om e a g r e e m e n ts sta te d that a r e h ir e d w o r k e r w as n ot e lig ib le fo r fu r th e r
s e v e r a n c e p a y u ntil he had s e r v e d a s p e c i f i c p e r io d , u s u a lly 1 y e a r . In a fe w in s t a n c e s ,
the n u m b er o f d is m is s a l p a y m e n ts a w o r k e r c o u ld r e c e iv e in the c o u r s e o f a g iv e n
p e r io d w as a ls o lim it e d .
If the e m p lo y e e w as r e c a ll e d a ft e r a p e r io d o f la y o ff w h ich
w as le s s than the n u m b e r o f w e e k s fo r w h ich he had r e c e iv e d d is m is s a l p a y , he w as
r e q u ir e d , u n d er s o m e a g r e e m e n t s , to re tu r n that p o r tio n o f the a llo w a n c e w h ich e x ­
ce e d e d the am ou n t c o v e r e d b y the d u ra tio n o f h is la y o ff. M an y o f the a g r e e m e n ts in the
co m m u n ic a tio n s in d u s tr y fo llo w e d this p a tte r n .

49.

D is m is s a l p a y te r m in a te s e m p lo y m e n t r e la t io n s h ip
The m a k in g o f this s in g le s e v e r a n c e
te r m in a te his status as an e m p lo y e e .

50.

p a y m e n t due an

e m p lo y e e

.

.

.

sh a ll

W o r k e r r e e m p lo y e d a ft e r a c c e p tin g d is m is s a l p a y l o s e s c r e d i t f o r p r e v io u s s e n io r it y
If any e m p lo y e e d is p la c e d b y te c h n o lo g ic a l ch a n ge c h o o s e s to take s e p a r a tio n
a llo w a n c e and th e r e a ft e r is r e e m p lo y e d at a n o th e r jo b b y the c o m p a n y , he sh a ll
be r e e m p lo y e d as a new e m p lo y e e w ith ou t c r e d it fo r p r e v io u s s e n io r it y o r s e r v i c e .
R e e m p lo y e d w o r k e r 1s d is m is s a l p a y co m p u te d fr o m date o f r e h ir e

51 A .

An e m p lo y e e w ho is r e h ir e d and su b se q u e n tly la id o ff fr o m
r e c e iv e la y o ff a llo w a n c e b a s e d on h is m o s t r e c e n t r e h ir e d a te .

the p a y r o ll w ill

* * *
51 B.

If an e m p lo y e e w h o has b e e n la id o ff and g iv e n a la y o ff a llo w a n c e is s u b s e ­
qu en tly r e e m p lo y e d and a g a in la id o f f , the la y o ff a llo w a n c e in the c a s e o f the
s e c o n d la y o ff, o r an y s u b se q u en t la y o ff w ill b e b a s e d upon the len gth o f c o n ­
tinuous s e r v i c e in the B e ll s y s te m s in c e the date o f la s t r e e m p lo y m e n t .
O n e -y e a r w a itin g p e r io d b e f o r e r e e m p lo y e d w o r k e r e lig ib le f o r a n o th e r d is m is s a l
p a y m en t

52A .

W hen an e m p lo y e e w ho has r e c e iv e d a te r m in a tio n a llo w a n c e is r e e n g a g e d ,
su ch e m p lo y e e m u s t c o m p le t e , su b se q u e n t to su ch r e e n g a g e m e n t, an a d d itio n a l
y e a r o f net c r e d it e d s e r v i c e b e f o r e b e in g e lig ib le to a te r m in a tio n a llo w a n c e f o r
a su b seq u en t s e p a r a tio n fr o m the f o r c e . . . .
* * *

52B .

A ny e m p lo y e e w ho is la id o ff o r w h o se e m p lo y m e n t is s e v e r e d and g ra n ted
s e v e ra n ce pay . . .
i f r e e m p lo y e d and is la id o ff , o r h is e m p lo y m e n t is s e v e r e d
a g a in th rou gh no fa u lt o f h is own sh a ll b e d e n ie d a s e c o n d s e v e r a n c e p a y a ll o w ­
a n ce u n le s s his a ctu a l s e r v i c e s in c e r e e m p lo y m e n t has b e e n 1 y e a r o r m o r e .




18
53 0

E m p lo y e e s e n title d to one d is m is s a l p a y m e n t y e a r ly
E m p lo y e e s w ill b e e n title d to s e v e r a n c e p a y o n ly o n c e ea ch y e a r , if th ey a r e
s e p a r a te d f o r r e a s o n s b e y o n d th e ir c o n t r o l. F o r the p u r p o s e o f this p a r a g r a p h ,
the y e a r s h a ll b e g in on J u ly 1st o f e a c h y e a r and end on June 30th o f the fo llo w in g
y e a r . £ T h is plan p r o v id e s f o r 40 h o u rs o f s e v e r a n c e p a y a ft e r 6 m o n th s 1 s e r v i c e ^
R e c a lle d e m p lo y e e
a g a in la id o ff

54A .

to r e tu r n e x c e s s
_

d is m is s a l

p ay; p r o v is io n s
_
_ _

f o r p a y m en ts if
-—

W hen an e m p lo y e e w ho has r e c e iv e d a la y o ff p a y m e n t is r e e n g a g e d as a
r e g u la r o r p r o v is i o n a l ly r e g u la r e m p lo y e e and the n u m b e r o f w e e k s s in c e the
la y o ff is le s s than the n u m b e r o f w e e k s upon w h ich the p a y m e n t w as b a s e d , the
am ou n t p a id to the e m p lo y e e f o r the e x c e s s n u m b e r o f w e e k s s h a ll be c o n s id e r e d
as a d v a n ce p a y and r e p a y m e n t s h a ll b e m a d e in one lu m p sum o r th rou gh p a y ­
r o l l d e d u c tio n s at the r a te o f 10 p e r c e n t o f the c u r r e n t b a s ic w e e k ly w a g e u n til the
e x c e s s a m ou n t is p a id in fu ll.
A r e e n g a g e d e m p lo y e e w h o has r e c e iv e d a la y o ff p a y m e n t and w ho is a ga in
la id o ff s h a ll b e p a id the d if fe r e n c e b e tw e e n the co m p u te d p a y m en t to w h ich he
is e n title d and the a m ou n t o f any p a y m e n t w h ich he r e ta in e d as a r e s u lt o f an y
p r e v io u s la y o ff.
* * *

54B .

. . .
If a n y e m p lo y e e w h o is g iv e n su c h s e v e r a n c e p a y is r e e m p lo y e d w ith in
60 days fr o m the date o f h is la y o ff, an y s e v e r a n c e p a y r e c e iv e d b y h im sh a ll
b e d ed u c te d fr o m h is p a y c h e c k s
a ft e r h is r e tu r n to r e g u la r e m p lo y m e n t at the
ra te o f o n e -e ig h th the a m ou n t to b e r e p a id p e r w e e k ly p a y r o ll.
In the ev e n t the e m p lo y e e is a g a in la id o ff b e fo r e s u ch a m ou n t is fu lly r e p a id ,
the u npaid b a la n c e s h a ll be d e d u c te d fr o m a n y s e v e r a n c e p a y due sa id e m p lo y e e b y
r e a s o n o f su ch la y o ff.
* * *

54C .

W hen an e m p lo y e e o n c e r e c e iv e s a te r m in a tio n a llo w a n c e and is la t e r r e ­
e m p lo y e d b y the c o m p a n y , the te r m in a tio n a llo w a n c e p a y a b le to h e r in r e s p e c t o f
su b se q u e n t la y o ffs s h a ll b e b a s e d upon h e r len g th o f s e r v i c e s in c e the date o f h e r
la s t r e e m p lo y m e n t , p lu s an y a m ou n t o f the p r i o r te r m in a tio n a llo w a n c e n ot re ta in e d
b y the e m p lo y e e .

T im e and M eth od o f P a y m e n t
D e ta ils as to "w h e n " and "h o w " s e v e r a n c e p a y m e n ts w e r e to b e m a d e w e r e
p r o v id e d in a b ou t tw o -fifth s o f the 266 a g r e e m e n ts w ith su ch p la n s ; 105 s p e lle d out
the tim e f o r p a y m e n ts , and 103 d e fin e d the m e th o d .
P r o v is io n s f o r p a y m e n t at the tim e o f jo b te r m in a tio n w e r e fou n d in 79 c o n ­
t r a c t s ;4 a d e s ig n a te d w a itin g p e r io d w as r e q u ir e d in 17 c o n t r a c t s ; and a n u m b e r o f
a g r e e m e n ts m a d e the tim e o f p a y m e n t a m a tte r o f e m p lo y e e o p tio n .
In on e in s ta n c e ,
e m p lo y e e s w e r e n ot e lig ib le f o r an a llo w a n c e u n til a ft e r th ey r e c e iv e d the fu ll am ou n t
o f u n e m p lo y m e n t c o m p e n s a tio n to w h ich th ey w e r e e n title d .
D is m is s a l p a y w hen e m p lo y m e n t is te r m in a te d
55 A .

R e g u la r e m p lo y e e s la id o ff b e c a u s e o f la c k o f w o r k sh a ll b e p a id at t e r m i ­
n a tion o f e m p lo y m e n t a te r m in a tio n a llo w a n c e b a s e d on y e a r s o f net c r e d it e d
s e r v ic e . . . .
* * *

55B .

P a y m e n t s h a ll b e m a d e in a lu m p sum at the tim e o f te r m in a tio n .

4

The m a jo r it y o f th e s e w e r e lu m p -s u m p a y m e n ts .




19
V a r io u s w a itin g p e r io d s b e fo r e e m p lo y e e r e c e i v e s d is m is s a l p a y
56A .

. . . E m p lo y e e s w h o do n ot ob ta in e m p lo y m e n t at a n o th e r o f the c o m p a n y rs
p lan ts w ill b e p a id th e ir s e v e r a n c e p a y at the end o f the 9 0 -d a y p e r io d .
* * *

56B .

E m p lo y e e s fu r lo u g h e d b e c a u s e o f t e c h n o lo g ic a l d is p la c e m e n t w ill b e e lig ib le
f o r s e v e r a n c e p a y at the end o f th e ir fu r lo u g h p r o v id e d th ey h a ve n ot r e je c t e d
a c a ll b a c k to w o r k . . . .
*

56C .

*

*

. . . W hen the c o m p a n y la y s o ff e m p lo y e e s th rou g h la c k o f w o r k , the e m p lo y e e s
w ill r e c e iv e . . .
20 h o u r s 1 la y o ff p a y (to b e p a id 31 d ays a ft e r la y o ff). . . .
T im e o f p a y m e n t to b e d e c id e d b y e m p lo y e e

57A .

T e c h n o lo g ic a l s e v e r a n c e p a y w ill b e p a id in a lu m p su m at the tim e the e m ­
p lo y e e e le c t s to a c c e p t it. . . .
* * *

57B .

. . . P a y m e n t s h a ll b e g in u pon r e c e ip t o f (s u c h ) w r itte n o p tio n b y the c o m ­
p an y, w h ich o p tio n m a y b e e x e r c is e d at an y tim e w ith in 3 y e a r s fr o m date o f
la y o ff.
* * *

57C .

W ithin 90 d ays im m e d ia te ly a ft e r an e m p lo y e e is q u a lifie d and e n title d to
d is m is s a l p a y , . . . s u c h e m p lo y e e s h a ll d e sig n a te the date w ith in su ch 90 d a y s ,
on w h ich su ch d is m is s a l p a y s h a ll b e p a id to h im .

^8•

P a y m e n ts a ft e r fu r lo u g h o r c o m p le tio n o f u n e m p lo y m e n t b e n e fits
A n y te c h n o lo g ic a lly d is p la c e d e m p lo y e e w ith 5 o r m o r e y e a r s o f p la n t s e r v i c e ,
w ho can not b e p la c e d in a su b stitu te jo b . . . s h a ll be fu r lo u g h e d fo r 26 w e e k s ,
o r f o r the p e r io d o f h is e lig ib ilit y f o r u n e m p lo y m e n t b e n e fits if it is le s s than
26 w e e k s , and b e e lig ib le th e r e a ft e r f o r s e v e r a n c e p a y as h e r e a ft e r q u a lifie d .

In 70 a g r e e m e n t s , d is m is s a l p a y m e n ts w e r e to b e m a d e in a lu m p su m ; o n ly
a s m a ll n u m b e r (7) p r o v id e d f o r p a y m e n ts on an in s ta lm e n t b a s is . E ig h te e n c o n tr a c ts
in c o r p o r a t e d p r o v is io n s f o r both in s ta lm e n t and lu m p -s u m p a y m e n ts , d ep en d in g on the
e m p l o y e e ^ len g th o f s e r v i c e . In a n u m b e r o f c a s e s , the type o f p a y m e n t w as o p tio n a l
w ith the e m p lo y e e o r the e m p lo y e r . In c o n tr a c ts n e g o tia te d b y the U nited S t e e lw o r k e r s ,
lu m p -s u m p a y m en ts upon s e p a r a tio n w e r e g e n e r a lly p r o v id e d ; in the m e a tp a ck in g in d u s tr y , the am ou n t o f a llo w a n c e c o n t r o lle d the m e th o d o f p a y m e n t.
D is m is s a l c o m p e n s a tio n p a id in lu m p sum
59A .

T his s in g le s e v e r a n c e p a y m e n t w ill be p a id to s u ch e m p lo y e e in a lum p sum
at the tim e o f h is te r m in a tio n .
* * *

59B .

S e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e f o r th ose e lig ib le e m p lo y e e s w ho do n ot e x e r c i s e th e ir
p r e fe r e n t ia l e m p lo y m e n t r ig h ts . . . s h a ll be p a id in a lu m p sum at the tim e
o f th e ir te r m in a tio n . . . .

60.

D is m is s a l c o m p e n s a tio n p a id in in sta lm e n ts
B y m u tu al a g r e e m e n t b e tw e e n the p u b lis h e r and the g u ild , an e m p lo y e e a fte r
25 o r m o r e y e a r s o f e m p lo y m e n t m a y s e v e r h is e m p lo y m e n t and r e c e i v e , in eq u a l
m on th ly o r o th e r a p p r o p r ia te in sta lm e n ts as the e m p lo y e e m a y d e s ig n a te , the
d is m is s a l in d e m n ity p a y m e n t . . . w h ich he w ou ld r e c e iv e u pon d is c h a r g e . . . .




20
A llo w a n c e
6lA .

p a id

in lu m p

su m s

or

in s ta lm e n ts ,

a c c o r d in g

to

len gth

of

s e r v ic e

T he a m ou n t due u n d e r the p o li c y s h a ll b e p a id as fo l lo w s :
(1)

If le s s than the e q u iv a le n t o f 4 w e e k s* p a y — in 1 lu m p su m ;

(2) A m ou n ts o v e r a to ta l o f 4 w e e k s* p a y — w e e k ly in s ta lm e n ts o f fu ll w a g e s
u n til the to ta l a m ou n t is e x h a u ste d .
*

6 IB .

*

*

The e m p lo y e e w ill r e c e iv e h is s e v e r a n c e p a y in a lu m p su m if it a m ou n ts to
a sum n ot in e x c e s s o f 40 h o u rs* p a y at s t r a ig h t -t im e r a t e s ; if g r e a t e r , he w ill
r e c e iv e h is s e v e r a n c e p a y in w e e k ly in sta lm e n ts u n til the e n tir e a m ou n t to w h ich
he is e n title d is p a id .
M eth od o f p a y m e n t o p tio n a l w ith e m p lo y e r

62A .

. . . U n less a p p r o v a l is g iv e n b y the c o m p a n y to m a k e the p a y m e n ts in lu m p
su m o r o t h e r w is e , p a y m e n ts o f te r m in a tio n p a y w ill b e m a d e b y the r e g u la r p a y ­
m a s t e r s on the r e g u la r p a y d ays d u rin g the r e s p e c t iv e p e r io d s a u th o r iz e d .
*

62B .

*

*

T he a m ou n t o f su c h a llo w a n c e w ill b e p a y a b le in c a s h a t the tim e o f s e p a r a ­
tion o r o v e r a p e r io d n ot to e x c e e d 60 m o n th s , b e g in n in g w ith in 30 days o f the
date o f s e p a r a tio n .
The c o m p a n y s h a ll h ave the r ig h t to d e te r m in e the m e th o d
o f p a y m e n t and in m a k in g su ch d e te r m in a tio n w ill take in to c o n s id e r a t io n the
c ir c u m s t a n c e s o f e a c h c a s e .
If in s ta lm e n t p a y m e n ts a r e d e te r m in e d u p on , the
co m p a n y r e s e r v e s the r ig h t to c a u s e a ll o r an y in s ta lm e n ts to b e p r e p a id to any
in d iv id u a l at any tim e it d e e m s s u c h a c tio n a d v is a b le .
M eth od o f p a y m e n t o p tio n a l w ith e m p lo y e e

63A .

Such p a y m e n t s h a ll b e m a d e e ith e r in w e e k ly a m ou n ts
s u m , in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the w r itte n o p tio n o f the e m p lo y e e .
*

*

.

.

. or

in a lu m p

*

63B .

, . . The e m p lo y e e m a y e le c t to r e c e iv e
s h o r t e r p e r io d o f tim e o r in on e lu m p su m .

su c h a m ou n t (s e v e r a n c e p a y ) in a

64.

M eth od o f p a y m e n t o p tio n a l w ith e m p lo y e r o r e m p lo y e e
A t the o p tio n o f the e m p lo y e e o r the c o m p a n y , p a y m e n ts o f te r m in a tio n p a y
m a y b e m a d e in lu m p su m o r b y the p a y m a s te r on the r e g u la r p a y days d u rin g
the p e r io d s a u th o r iz e d .

D e fin itio n o f E a rn in g s f o r D is m is s a l P a y
M o s t o f the d is m is s a l p a y p lan s m e a s u r e d the s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e in units
o f w e e k ly w a g e s o r s a la r y .
A s a r u le , a w eek*s p a y m e a n t the e m p lo y e e * s c u r r e n t
s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ra te tim e s the n u m b e r o f h o u r s in the r e g u la r w o r k w e e k .
In a
fe w a g r e e m e n t s , p a r t ic u la r ly in the c a s e o f in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s , a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s
o v e r a d e s ig n a te d p e r io d p r i o r to d is m is s a l w e r e u s e d to co m p u te d is m is s a l p a y . O nly
in fr e q u e n tly w e r e s h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls , o v e r t im e o r o th e r p r e m iu m s , and b on us p a y m e n ts
in clu d e d in the e a rn in g s c o m p u ta tio n .
65.

D is m is s a l p a y b a s e d on b a s i c w e e k ly ra te
R e g u la r e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e la id o ff due to la c k o f w o r k s h a ll b e p a id a la y o ff
a llo w a n c e d e te r m in e d as to a m ou n t b y th e ir n et c r e d it e d s e r v i c e and b a s ic w e e k ly
w ag e r a te at the tim e o f le a v in g the s e r v i c e . . . .




21
66.

W e e k ls p a y and d a y 1s p a y d e fin e d f o r co m p u tin g d is m is s a l p a y
A " w e e k !s pay*' f o r an e m p lo y e e s h a ll b e c a lc u la te d b y m u ltip ly in g h is a v e r a g e
s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ra te (o b ta in e d fr o m the la s t a v a ila b le r e g u la r s t a t is t i c s ) b y
5 tim e s the n u m b e r o f h o u r s in h is n o r m a l r e g u la r w o r k d a y ; a "day^s p a y " sh a ll
b e c a lc u la te d b y m u ltip ly in g su ch a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly r a te b y the n o r m a l
h o u rs o f the e m p lo y e e *s r e g u la r w o r k d a y . A day*s p a y sh a ll in no ev en t e x c e e d
p a y m e n t f o r 8 h o u r s , and a w e e k fs p a y s h a ll in no ev en t e x c e e d p a y m e n t f o r
40 h o u r s .

67.

D is m is s a l p a y b a s e d on a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s
A n hour*s p a y s h a ll b e the h ig h e st a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s p a id
to an e m p lo y e e in an y o f the p r e c e d in g 5 y e a r s . The la s t o f su ch y e a r s s h a ll b e
the 12-m o n th p e r io d en din g on the la s t day o f the m on th p r e c e d in g the m on th o f
te r m in a tio n o f the e m p lo y e e * s e m p lo y m e n t, and the o th e r 4 y e a r s s h a ll b e m e a s u r e d
b a c k in a s im ila r m a n n e r .

68.

D is m is s a l p a y b a s e d on a v e r a g e
w o r k e d d u rin g s p e c if ie d p e r io d

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s and

a v e r a g e num be.r

o f h o u rs

S e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e . . . s h a ll b e d e te r m in e d on the b a s is o f the a v e r a g e
n u m b e r o f h o u rs w o r k e d p e r w e e k at the a v e r a g e r a te o f e a rn in g s p e r h o u r , as
in d ica te d b y the f i r s t 3 p a y p e r io d s w o r k e d a ft e r J a n u a ry .

69.

Dism issal pay based on straight-time hourly earnings
Shift differentials and premium payments to be excluded

during specified period.

The s e v e r a n c e a llo w a n c e s h a ll b e b a s e d on the e m p l o y e e ^ a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s (in clu d in g a p p lic a b le in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s but e x c lu d in g sh ift
d iffe r e n t ia ls , o v e r t im e p r e m iu m s , s e v e n t h -d a y -w o r k e d p r e m iu m s , and h o lid a y w o r k e d p r e m iu m s ) d u rin g the f i r s t 8 w e e k s o f the 1 3 -w e e k p e r io d im m e d ia te ly
p r e c e d in g the date o f h is s e v e r a n c e .
70.

D is m is s a l p a y b a s e d on r a te at tim e o f te r m in a tio n .

O v e r tim e e x c lu d e d

S e v e r a n c e c o m p e n s a tio n s h a ll b e p a id , c o m p u te d a s o f date o f te r m in a tio n ,
as fo llo w s : A n a m ou n t eq u a l to 1 r e g u la r w o r k w e e k (no o v e r t im e ) f o r e a c h fu ll
y e a r o f con tin u ou s s e r v i c e at the b a s ic ra te o f c o m p e n s a tio n at the tim e o f
severan ce.
71.

D is m is s a l p a y b a s e d on ra te at tim e o f te r m in a tio n in clu d in g n ig h t-s h ift p r e m iu m .
E x c lu d e s o v e r tim e
A w e e k ts p a y f o r the p u r p o s e o f this a r t i c l e s h a ll b e the b a s ic ra te o f p a y o f
the e m p lo y e e , plu s any a p p lic a b le n ig h t-p r e m iu m p a y m e n t in e ff e c t at the tim e o f
s e r v i c e te r m in a tio n .
O v e r tim e p a y m e n ts s h a ll n ot b e c o n s id e r e d as d iffe r e n tia l
p a y m e n ts .

72.

D is m is s a l p a y b a s is f o r w e e k ly p a id and c o m m is s io n e m p lo y e e s d e fin e d
D is m is s a l p a y s h a ll b e co m p u te d at the h ig h e s t w e e k ly s a la r y (e x c lu s iv e o f
b o n u s e s and p a y m e n ts f o r s p e c ia l w o r k ) f o r the 52 w e e k s p r e v io u s to d is c h a r g e ,
e x c e p t that, in the c a s e o f e m p lo y e e s p a id in w h o le o r in p a r t b y c o m m is s io n s ,
d is m is s a l p a y s h a ll b e co m p u te d at the a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r y and c o m m is s io n
(e x c lu s iv e o f b o n u s e s and p a y m e n ts f o r s p e c ia l w o r k ) f o r the 52 w e e k s p r e v io u s
to d is c h a r g e . . . .







23

Index of Clauses
C la u s e
N o.

E m p lo y e r and u n ion
C h ic a g o N e w s p a p e r P u b lis h e r s A s s o c i a t i o n
In te rn a tio n a l T y p o g r a p h ic a l U n ion

------------------------------------------------------------

1

and M . K a r a g h e u s ia n , In c . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------T e x t ile W o r k e r s U n ion o f A m e r i c a

2

S p e r r y C o r p . , F o r d In s tru m e n t D iv is io n ----------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f E l e c t r i c a l , R a d io and M a ch in e W o r k e r s

3

T he A s s o c i a t e d P r e s s
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A m e r ic a n N e w s p a p e r G u ild

4

The G e n e r a l T ir e and R u b b e r C o . -----------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited R u b b e r , C o r k , L in o le u m and P l a s t i c W o r k e r s
o f A m e r ic a

5

T he D e t r o it E d is o n C o . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U tility W o r k e r s U nion o f A m e r i c a

6

K e y S y s te m T r a n s it L in e --------------------------------A m a lg a m a t e d A s s o c i a t i o n o f S t r e e t , E l e c t r i c
R a ilw a y and M o to r C o a c h E m p lo y e e s o f A m e r i c a

7

F o r s t m a n n W o o le n C o . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T e x t ile W o r k e r s U nion o f A m e r i c a

8

Boston Daily Newspapers

9

A.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In te rn a tio n a l T y p o g r a p h ic a l U nion
P u b lis h e r s A s s o c ia t i o n o f N ew Y o r k -----------------------------------------------------------------------N e w s p a p e r and M a il D e l i v e r e r s 1 U n ion o f N ew Y o r k
and V ic in it y

10

A u t o m o tiv e B o d y D iv is io n o f C h r y s l e r C o r p . ---------------------------------------- -----------------In te rn a tio n a l U n ion o f U n ited A u t o m o b ile , A i r c r a f t
& A g r ic u lt u r a l Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

11

N ew E n glan d T e le p h o n e and T e le g r a p h C o . ------------------------------------------------------------N ew E n glan d F e d e r a t io n o f T e le p h o n e T r a f f i c W o r k e r s

12

C h e s a p e a k e and P o t o m a c T e le p h o n e C o . o f B a lt im o r e C ity
M a r y la n d T e le p h o n e U n ion , In c.

-------------------------------

13

N ew Y o r k R e t a il D r u g g is ts A s s o c i a t i o n , In c. --------------------------------------------------------R e t a il, W h o le s a le and D e p a r tm e n t S to re U n ion

14

C le a n e r s and D y e r s B o a r d o f T r a d e , In c . --------------------------------------------------------------A m a lg a m a t e d C lo th in g W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

15

G e n e r a l A n ilin e an d F ilm C o r p . --------------------------------------------------------------------------------D i s t i l l e r y , R e c t ify in g and W in e W o r k e r s 1
In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f A m e r i c a

16

L u k en s S te e l C o . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

17




24
C la u s e
N o.

E m p lo y e r and u n io n
W ils o n an d C o . , In c .
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited P a c k in g h o u s e W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

18

P u b lis h e r s A s s o c i a t i o n o f N ew Y o r k -----------------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l T y p o g r a p h ic a l U n ion

19

In d u s tr ia l R a y o n C o r p . -------------- ------------------------------------------------------------ -------------------T e x t ile W o r k e r s U n ion o f A m e r i c a

20

N ew Y o r k R e t a il D r u g g is ts A s s o c i a t i o n , In c . -------------------------------------------------------R e t a il, W h o le s a le and D e p a r tm e n t S to r e U n ion

21

H at C o r p o r a t io n o f A m e r i c a
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited H a t t e r s , C ap a n d M il li n e r y W o r k e r s
In te r n a tio n a l U n ion

22

P a c i f i c T e le p h o n e and T e le g r a p h C o . and B e ll T e le p h o n e
C o . o f N e v a d a —--------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited B r o t h e r h o o d o f T e le p h o n e W o r k e r s

23

B e ll A i r c r a f t C o r p .
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f U n ited A u t o m o b ile , A i r c r a f t
& A g r ic u lt u r a l Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

24

S in c la ir R e fin in g C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O il, C h e m ic a l and A t o m ic W o r k e r s I n te r n a tio n a l U nion

25

C o lu m b ia B r o a d c a s t in g S y s t e m , In c . ------------------------------------------ ---------------------------In te r n a tio n a l B r o t h e r h o o d o f E l e c t r i c a l W o r k e r s

26

U n ion C a r b id e and C a r b o n C o r p . , B a k e lite C o . D iv is io n
C h e m ic a ls an d C r a ft s U n io n , In c .

-----------------------------------

27

L e e R u b b e r and T ir e C o r p . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited R u b b e r , C o r k , L in o le u m and P l a s t i c W o r k e r s
o f A m e r ic a

28

S ou th ern C a lif o r n ia G as C o . --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U t ility W o r k e r s U n ion o f A m e r i c a

29

S ou th ern B e ll T e le p h o n e and T e le g r a p h C o .
C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

-----------------------------------------------------------

30

S ou th ern C o u n tie s G as C o . o f C a lif o r n ia
--------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l C h e m ic a l W o r k e r s U n ion

31

San F r a n c i s c o N e w s p a p e r P u b lis h e r s * A s s o c ia t i o n
A m e r ic a n N e w s p a p e r G u ild

----------------------------------------------

32

S w ift and C o . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited P a c k in g h o u s e W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

33

P e n n s y lv a n ia R u b b e r C o . --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited R u b b e r , C o r k , L in o le u m and P la s t i c W o r k e r s
o f A m e r ic a

34

San F r a n c i s c o N e w s p a p e r P u b lis h e r s * A s s o c i a t i o n
A m e r i c a n N e w s p a p e r G u ild

35




----------------------------------------------

25

E m p lo y e r and u n ion

C la u s e
N o.

H o o k e r E l e c t r o c h e m i c a l C o . -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a r a H o o k e r E m p lo y e e s U n ion

36

K a is e r S te e l C o r p . --------------------------------------*--------------------------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

37A

Joh n M o r r e l l and C o . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------U n ited P a c k in g h o u s e W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

3 7B

G en eral E le c tr ic C o.
---------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f E l e c t r i c a l , R a d io and M a ch in e W ork ejrs

38A

K e y S y s te m T r a n s it L in e s --------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------A m a lg a m a t e d A s s o c i a t i o n o f S t r e e t , E l e c t r i c
R a ilw a y and M o t o r C o a c h E m p lo y e e s o f A m e r i c a

38B

M o tio n P ic t u r e P r o d u c e r s A s s o c i a t i o n
----------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l A lli a n c e o f T h e a t r ic a l S tage E m p lo y e s
and M o v in g P ic t u r e M a ch in e O p e r a t o r s o f the
U n ited S tates and C an ad a

39

N ia g a r a M oh a w k P o w e r C o r p . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l B r o t h e r h o o d o f E l e c t r i c a l W o r k e r s

40

L e v e r B r o t h e r s C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O il, C h e m ic a l and A t o m ic W o r k e r s In te r n a tio n a l U nion

41

G r e a t L a k e s S te e l C o r p . ------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

42A

C o n tin e n ta l O il C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In d ep en d en t O il W o r k e r s U n ion o f O k la h om a

42B

P a c k a r d M o to r C a r C o . -------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l U nion o f U n ited A u t o m o b ile , A i r c r a f t
& A g r ic u lt u r a l Im p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

42C

A m e r ic a n C a b le and R a d io C o r p . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

42D

L e e R u b b e r and T ir e C o r p . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited R u b b e r , C o r k , L in o le u m and P la s t i c W o r k e r s
o f A m e r ic a

42E

B u ild in g M a n a g e r s 1 A s s o c i a t i o n o f C h ic a g o --------------------------------------------------------B u ild in g S e r v ic e E m p l o y e e s 1 In te r n a tio n a l U nion

42F

B e ll T e le p h o n e C o . o f P e n n s y lv a n ia
P e n n s y lv a n ia T e le p h o n e G u ild

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

43

L o n e S tar S te e l C o . ----------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

44

A r m c o S te e l C o r p . --------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------A r m c o E m p lo y e e s In d e p e n d e n t F e d e r a t io n , In c .

45A

B e th le h e m S te e l C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

45B




26

E m p lo y e r and u n ion

C la u s e
N o.

C e ia n e s e C o r p . o f A m e r i c a ----------------------------------------------- -------------------------------- — U n ited M in e W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

46

W e s t e r n U n ion T e le g r a p h C o . ------------------------------------------------ ----------------------------------A m e r ic a n C o m m u n ic a tio n s A s s o c i a t i o n

47A

A m e r ic a n C a b le and R a d io C o r p . ----------------------— —---------------------------- --------- —
C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

47B

B.

F . G o o d r ic h C o .
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited R u b b e r , C o r k , L in o le u m an d P la s t i c W o r k e r s
o f A m e r ic a

48

A m e r ic a n C an C o .
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

49

C e ia n e s e C o r p . o f A m e r i c a -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T e x t ile W o r k e r s U n ion o f A m e r i c a

50

G o o d y e a r A t o m ic C o r p . --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O il, C h e m ic a l and A t o m ic W o r k e r s In te r n a tio n a l U n ion

51A

B e ll T e le p h o n e C o . o f P e n n s y lv a n ia
P e n n s y lv a n ia T e le p h o n e G u ild

------------------------------------------- ---------------------------

51B

O h io B e ll T e le p h o n e C o . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r ic a

52A

S in c la ir R e fin in g C o .
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O il, C h e m ic a l and A t o m ic W o r k e r s I n te r n a tio n a l U n ion

52B

B e ll A i r c r a f t C o r p . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f U n ited A u t o m o b ile , A i r c r a f t
& A g r ic u lt u r a l I m p le m e n t W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

53

S ou th ern N ew E n g la n d T e le p h o n e C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------------C o n n e c t ic u t U n ion o f T e le p h o n e W o r k e r s , In c .

5 4A

P a n h a n d le E a s t e r n P ip e L in e C o . ----------------------------------------------------- ----------------------O il, C h e m ic a l and A t o m ic W o r k e r s In te r n a tio n a l U n ion

54B

N ew J e r s e y B e ll T e le p h o n e C o .
------------------------------------------------------------------------------C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

54C

N o r t h w e s t e r n B e ll T e le p h o n e C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

55A

N o r t h w e s te r n S te e l and W ir e C o . -----------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

55B

C o n tin e n ta l C an C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

56A

A . and M . K a r a g h e u s ia n , In c . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------T e x t ile W o r k e r s U n ion o f A m e r i c a

56 B

Sun S h ip b u ild in g and D r y D o c k C o . --------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l B r o t h e r h o o d o f B o i l e r m a k e r s , Ir o n
Ship B u ild e r s , B la c k s m it h s , F o r g e r s and H e lp e r s

56C




27
C la u s e
N o.

E m p lo y e r and u n ion
B ota n y M i l l s , I n c . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T e x t ile W o r k e r s U n ion o f A m e r i c a

57 A

E l e c t r i c S to r a g e B a tte r y C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- —
In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f E l e c t r i c a l , R a d io and M a c h in e
W ork ers

57B

M o tio n P ic t u r e P r o d u c e r s A s s o c i a t i o n
-------------------------------------------------------------I n te r n a tio n a l A lli a n c e o f T h e a t r ic a l S tage E m p lo y e s
an d M o v in g P ic t u r e M a c h in e O p e r a t o r s o f the
U n ited S ta tes and C a n a d a

57C

A . and M . K a r a g h e u s ia n , In c . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------T e x t ile W o r k e r s U n ion o f A m e r i c a

58

A m e r ic a n C a n C o . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

59 A

A m e r ic a n C a n C o . ------------------------ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l A s s o c i a t i o n o f M a c h in is t s

59B

N ew s S y n d ic a te C o . , In c . —----- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------A m e r ic a n N e w s p a p e r G u ild

60

S w ift and C o . --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited P a c k in g h o u s e W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

6 1A

G e n e r a l A n ilin e and F ilm C o r p , --------------------------------------------------------------------------D i s t i l l e r y , R e c t if y in g and W in e W o r k e r s *
In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f A m e r i c a

61B

U n ion C a r b id e and C a r b o n C o r p . , C a r b id e and C a r b o n
C h e m ic a ls D i v i s i o n -------------------------------------- ----------------------- ----------------------------------G a lv e s to n M e ta l T r a d e s C o u n c il

62A

62B
A r m c o E m p lo y e e s In d e p e n d e n t F e d e r a t io n , In c .
E l e c t r i c S to r a g e B a t t e r y C o . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f E l e c t r i c a l , R a d io and M a c h in e W o r k e r s

63 A

A . C . L a w r e n c e L e a th e r C o . ------ --------- ---------------------------------------------------------------L e a th e r W o r k e r s * In te r n a tio n a l U n ion o f A m e r ic a

63B

U n ion C a r b id e and C a r b o n C o r p . , B a k e lite C o . D iv is io n
C h e m ic a ls and C r a ft s U n ion , In c.

-------------------------------

64

P a c i f i c T e le p h o n e and T e le g r a p h C o . ------------------------------------ ------ ---------------------C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

65

G e n e r a l E l e c t r i c C o . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ----U n ited E l e c t r i c a l , R a d io and M a c h in e W o r k e r s
o f A m e r ic a

66

L a c le d e G as C o . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O il, C h e m ic a l and A t o m ic W o r k e r s In te r n a tio n a l U n ion

67




28

E m p lo y e r and u n io n

C la u s e
N o.

K e ls e y -H a y e s W h e e l C o . --------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

68

N a tio n a l S ta n d a rd C o . ------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ited S t e e lw o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

69

N ew Y o r k State E l e c t r i c and G as C o r p . ---------------------------------------------------------------In te r n a tio n a l B r o t h e r h o o d o f E l e c t r i c a l W o r k e r s

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G e n e r a l T e le p h o n e C o . o f the S o u th w e st ---------------------------------------------------------------C o m m u n ic a tio n s W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a

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San F r a n c i s c o P u b l i s h e r s 1 A s s o c i a t i o n
A m e r ic a n N e w s p a p e r G u ild

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