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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

Detailed Budget Estimates by Agency:
Explanation of Estimates .........................................................................................................

3

Government-Wide General Provisions ....................................................................................

9

Legislative Branch ....................................................................................................................

15

Judicial Branch .........................................................................................................................

43

Department of Agriculture .......................................................................................................

57

Department of Commerce .........................................................................................................

185

Department of Defense—Military ............................................................................................

229

Department of Education .........................................................................................................

317

Department of Energy ..............................................................................................................

359

Department of Health and Human Services, except Social Security ....................................

395

Department of Housing and Urban Development ..................................................................

437

Department of the Interior .......................................................................................................

491

Department of Justice ...............................................................................................................

585

Department of Labor .................................................................................................................

633

Department of State .................................................................................................................

661

Department of Transportation .................................................................................................

683

Department of the Treasury .....................................................................................................

759

Department of Veterans Affairs ...............................................................................................

813

Corps of Engineers ....................................................................................................................

851

Other Defense—Civil Programs ...............................................................................................

867

Environmental Protection Agency ...........................................................................................

875

Executive Office of the President .............................................................................................

891

Federal Emergency Management Agency ...............................................................................

901

General Services Administration .............................................................................................

911

International Assistance Programs .........................................................................................

927

National Aeronautics and Space Administration ...................................................................

985

National Science Foundation ...................................................................................................

995

Office of Personnel Management .............................................................................................

1001

Small Business Administration ...............................................................................................

1011

Social Security Administration ................................................................................................

1025

Other Independent Agencies ....................................................................................................

1033

Other Materials:
Proposed Changes to 1998 Estimates ......................................................................................

1157

Supplemental Proposals ...........................................................................................................

1159

Amendments to and Revisions in Budget Authority for 1998 ...............................................

1161

Advance Appropriations, Advance Funding, and Forward Funding .....................................

1163

Estimates for Government-Sponsored Enterprises ....................................................................

1165

Index ..............................................................................................................................................

1183
i

DETAILED BUDGET ESTIMATES

1

EXPLANATION OF ESTIMATES
‘‘DETAILED BUDGET ESTIMATES’’ contains various tables and schedules in support of the budget. It includes explanations of the work to be performed and the money needed.
It includes the language proposed for enactment by Congress
on each item for which congressional action in an appropriations bill is required. It also contains the language proposed
for the general provisions of appropriations acts that apply
to entire agencies or groups of agencies.

ARRANGEMENT
The first section of this chapter presents general provisions
of law that apply to all government activities (see explanation
below). Sections for the Legislative Branch and the Judiciary
follow. These are followed by sections for the Executive
Branch. Information on the Executive Office of the President
is presented first, followed by the cabinet departments in
alphabetical order, the larger nondepartmental agencies,
groupings for ‘‘International Assistance Programs’’ and ‘‘Other
Defense Civil Programs,’’ and the remaining agencies, under
the heading ‘‘Other Independent Agencies.’’ If the amounts
in the individual accounts for other independent agencies are
below the million-dollar reporting threshold applicable to data
in the Appendix, the data are consolidated into a single set
of schedules under ‘‘Other Commissions and Boards.’’ Appropriation language for these agencies is presented individually
under the same heading.
A section for a large agency is usually organized by major
subordinate organizations within the agency (usually bureaus)
or by major program area.
Within each bureau or major program area, accounts usually appear in the following order:
—general fund accounts with current budget authority, in
the following order: accounts for which appropriations are
requested for the budget year; accounts for which appropriations were made in the current year and not requested in the budget year; other unexpired accounts;
expired accounts;
—permanent general fund appropriations;
—special fund accounts with current budget authority, in
the following order: accounts for which appropriations are

requested for the budget year; accounts for which appropriations were made in the current year and not requested in the budget year; other unexpired accounts;
expired accounts;
—permanent special fund appropriations;
—public enterprise funds;
—intragovernmental revolving funds and management
funds;
—credit reform accounts, in the following order: program
account, financing account, and liquidating account;
—trust funds;
—trust revolving funds.
By law, the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability
Insurance trust funds (Social Security) are outside the budget
totals. These accounts are presented in the Social Security
Administration section. Also, by law the Postal Service Fund
is outside the budget totals. A presentation for the Fund
is included in the Other Independent Agencies section.
General provisions are provisions in appropriations acts
that apply to more than one appropriation. In some instances,
they apply only to the appropriations for one agency. In other
instances, they apply to the appropriations for two or more
agencies covered by the act. In one instance, they apply to
all appropriations Government-wide. The proposed language
for general provisions that are only applicable to one agency
appears at the end of the section for that agency. The general
provisions that apply to two or more agencies, appear at
the end of the section for one of the agencies. The following
table indicates the location of all general provisions. The first
column of the table lists the most recently enacted appropriations and the major agencies responsible for programs funded
by each act. The second column provides the location of the
general provisions that apply to the agencies listed in the
first column. The general provisions that are Governmentwide in scope (identified ‘‘Departments, Agencies, and Corporations’’), normally contained in the Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, appear in
a separate section following this one. Proposed changes to
general provisions are presented in the manner described
below for appropriations language.

Appropriation Act
1.
2.

3.

4.

5.

Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–55) ...............................
Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act,
1998 (Public Law 105–118).
Department of Defense
Department of State
Agency for International Development
Department of Agriculture
Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–86).
Department of Agriculture
Department of Health and Human Services
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–119).
Department of Commerce
Department of Justice
Department of State
The Judiciary
Department of Transportation
Small Business Administration
Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–56) ........................

Section in which general provisions appear
Legislative Branch.
International Assistance Programs.

Department of Agriculture.

Department of Commerce.

Department of Defense.
3

4

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

Appropriation Act
6.
7.

8.

9.

10.

11.
12.

Section in which general provisions appear

Military Construction Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–45) ..........................
Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–62) .........
Department of Energy
Corps of Engineers
Department of Interior
Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–65).
Housing and Urban Development
NASA
Veterans Affairs
Environmental Protection Agency
General Services Administration
Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public
Law 105–83).
Department of Interior
Department of Agriculture
Department of Energy
Department of Education
Department of Health and Human Services
Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–78).
Department of Labor
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Education
Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105–66).
Treasury, Postal Service and General Government Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public
Law 105–61).
All departments, agencies, and corporations

FORM OF DETAILED MATERIAL
APPROPRIATIONS LANGUAGE

The language proposed for inclusion in the 1999 appropriations acts is printed following the account title. Language
for enacted 1998 appropriations, printed in roman type, is
used as a base. Brackets enclose material that is proposed
for deletion; italic type indicates proposed new language. If
the appropriation is being proposed for the first time, all
of the language is printed in italics. The amounts in appropriations language are stated in dollars. At the end of the
final language paragraph, and printed in italic within parentheses, are citations to any relevant authorizing legislation
and to the specific appropriations act from which the basic
text of the 1998 language is taken. An illustration of proposed
appropriations language for 1999 follows:
OPERATING EXPENSES
For necessary expenses of the Office of Climate Information,
ø$30,290,000¿ $28,870,000 of which ø$150,000¿ $400,000 shall remain available until expended. (34 U.S.C. 218 et seq.; Department
of Government Appropriation Act, 1997.)
BASIS FOR SCHEDULES

Dollar amounts in Appendix schedules are stated in millions, unless otherwise specified.
The 1997 column of this budget presents the actual transactions and balances for that year, as recorded in agency
accounts.
For 1998, the regular schedules include enacted appropriations. In addition, indefinite appropriations are included on
the basis of amounts likely to be required.
The 1999 column of the regular schedules includes proposed
appropriations for all programs under existing legislation, including those that require extension or renewal of expiring
laws.
Amounts for proposed new legislation are shown generally
in separate schedules, following the regular schedules or in
budget sequence in the respective bureau. These schedules

Department of Defense.
Department of Energy.

Department of Veterans Affairs.

Department of the Interior.

Department of Labor.

Department of Transportation.
Department of Treasury.
Following this section.

are identified as ‘‘Legislative proposals, subject to PAYGO’’
or ‘‘Legislative proposals not subject to PAYGO.’’ The term
‘‘PAYGO’’ refers to the ‘‘pay-as-you-go’’ requirements of the
Budget Enforcement Act of 1990. Appropriations language is
included with the regular schedules, but usually not with
the separate schedules for proposed legislation. Usually the
necessary appropriations language is transmitted later upon
enactment of the proposed legislation.
PROGRAM AND FINANCING SCHEDULE

This schedule provides the following information:
—obligations by program activity;
—budgetary resources available for obligation;
—detailed information on new budget authority (gross);
—change in unpaid obligations;
—detailed information on outlays (gross);
—offsets to gross budget authority and outlays; and
—net budget authority and outlays.
The ‘‘Obligations by program activity’’ section shows obligations for specific activities or projects. The activity structure
is developed for each appropriation or fund account to provide
a meaningful presentation of information for the program.
Where the amounts are significant, this section distinguishes
between operating expenses and capital investment and between direct and reimbursable programs. The last entry,
‘‘Total obligations,’’ indicates the amount of budgetary resources required to finance the activities of the account.
The ‘‘Budgetary resources available for obligation’’ section
shows the budgetary resources available or estimated to be
available to finance the obligations. The resources available
for obligation include the start-of-year unobligated balances
of a prior year that have not expired, new budget authority,
and adjusting entries, such as recoveries from prior year obligations. New obligations are subtracted from these resources,
resulting in the end-of-year unobligated balances.
The ‘‘New budget authority (gross), detail’’ section provides
detailed information on the total new budget authority available to finance the program. It includes information on the

5

DETAILED BUDGET ESTIMATES EXPLANATION OF ESTIMATES

type of budget authority that is available, rescissions, reductions, and amounts precluded from obligation.
The ‘‘Change in unpaid obligations’’ section shows the difference between obligations and outlays. New obligations are
added to the obligations that were incurred in a previous
year but not liquidated. Total disbursements (outlays, gross)
are subtracted from these amounts. Adjusting entries, such
as adjustments in expired accounts, are included, as appropriate, resulting in the end-of-year unpaid obligations. Where
applicable, this section separately identifies total unpaid obligations, orders on hand from Federal sources, and obligated
balances, which are the unpaid obligations less the orders
on hand from Federal sources.
The ‘‘Outlays (gross), detail’’ section indicates whether the
outlays pertain to current or permanent budget authority and
to balances or new authority.
The ‘‘Offsets and net budget authority and outlays’’ sections
indicate the amounts to be deducted from gross budget authority and outlays to arrive at the net budget authority
and outlay amounts. Offsetting collections (cash) and the
change in orders on hand from Federal sources are deducted
from gross budget authority; only offsetting collections (cash)
are deducted from gross outlays.

1997 actual

1998 est.

39
38
12

42
38
15

Total direct program .............................................

88

89

95

01.01

Reimbursable program ..............................................

42

44

45

10.00

Total obligations ...................................................

130

133

140

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

132
133
140
–2 ................... ...................
130
–130

133
–133

140
–140

90

89

95

43
–1

43
45
1 ...................

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

42

44

45

Total new budget authority (gross) ...............................

132

133

140

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

3
6
1 ...................

9
1

72.99

4

70.00

73.10
73.20
73.40
74.90
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................

90
84

45

1 ...................

89
86

95
89

A schedule entitled ‘‘Summary of Budget Authority and
Outlays’’ is shown immediately following the first program
and financing schedule for any account that has additional
program and financing schedules for supplemental requests,
legislative proposals, or rescission proposals.
NARRATIVE STATEMENT OF PROGRAM AND
PERFORMANCE

Narrative statements present briefly the objectives of the
program and the work to be financed primarily for 1999.
Measures of expected performance may be included, and the
relationship to the financial estimates is described.

There is shown for each account a schedule of obligations,
according to the following uniform list of object classifications:
38
39
11

68.90

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

89.00
90.00

43

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Policy and program development ..............................
00.02
Departmental management and administration ......
00.03
Facilities operations, maintenance, and repair ........

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation (definite) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offetting collections (cash) .......................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources

–1

43

SCHEDULE OF OBJECT CLASSIFICATION AND PERSONNEL
SUMMARY

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 16–1186–0–1–755

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources
Against gross budget authority only:
88.95
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources

6

10

New obligations .............................................................
130
133
140
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–127
–129
–134
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
–1 ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: ...................................
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
6
9
15
Orders on hand from Federal sources ........................... ...................
1
1

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

6

10

16

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

83
2
42

82
3
44

87
2
45

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .............................................

127

129

134

10 PERSONAL SERVICES AND
BENEFITS
11.1
Full-time permanent
11.3
Other than full-time
permanent
11.5
Other personnel
compensation
11.7
Military personnel
11.8
Special personal services
payments
11.9
Total personnel
compensation
12.1
Civilian personnel benefits
12.2
Military personnel
benefits
13.0
Benefits for former
personnel
20 CONTRACTUAL SERVICES
AND SUPPLIES
21.0
Travel and transportation
of persons
22.0
Transportation of things
23.1
Rental payments to GSA
23.2
Rental payments to others
23.3
Communications, utilities,
and miscellaneous
charges
24.0
Printing and reproduction
25.1
Advisory and assistance
services
25.2
Other services
25.3
Purchases of goods and
services from

Government accounts
Operation and
maintenance of facilities
25.5
Research and development
contracts
25.6
Medical care
25.7
Operations and
maintenance of
equipment
25.8
Subsistence and support
of persons
26.0
Supplies and materials
30 ACQUISITION OF ASSETS
31.0
Equipment
32.0
Land and structures
33.0
Investments and loans
40 GRANTS AND FIXED
CHARGES
41.0
Grants, subsidies, and
contributions
42.0
Insurance claims and
indemnities
43.0
Interest and dividends
44.0
Refunds
90 OTHER
91.0
Unvouchered
92.0
Undistributed
93.0
Limitation on expenses
99.0
SUBTOTAL DIRECT
OBLIGATIONS
99.0
Reimbursable obligations
99.5
Below reporting threshold
99.9
TOTAL GROSS
OBLIGATIONS
25.4

Object classes reflect the nature of the things or services
purchased, regardless of the purpose of the program for which
they are used. Object class entry 11.9, Total personnel compensation, is the sum of amounts in object classes 11.1
through 11.8. Except for revolving funds, reimbursable obligations are aggregated in a single line and not identified by
object class. Amounts for any object class that are below the
reporting threshold (i.e., amounts that are $500 thousand or
less) are reported together as a single entry. Data, classified
by object, are illustrated in the following schedule:

6

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
0139
1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.8

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Special personal services payments ....................

113
3
3
1

112
3
3
1

115
3
3
1

11.9
12.1
23.1
26.0
31.0
32.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................

120
24
23
5
6
33

119
24
23
5
6
31

122
25
24
5
5
28

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold .........................................

211
26
1

208
27
2

209
28
2

99.9

Total obligations ...................................................

238

237

239

26

10

14

8

Total revenues ................................
Total expenses ................................

73
–35

69
–46

58
–39

47
–32

0199

1997 actual

Identification code 17–0643–0–1–452

Net income of loss (–) .......................

0191
0192

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Total income or loss (–) ................

38

23

19

15

Balance Sheet

When obligations for personnel compensation are shown in
the object classification schedule, a personnel summary generally will follow the object classification schedule, as illustrated below:

The balance sheets show assets, liabilities, and equity for
the fund at the close of each fiscal year. In addition to this
information, which is similar to commercial balance sheet
data, budget needs also require additional information, shown
in the equity section. A disclosure is made of obligations incurred that have not yet accrued into liabilities (undelivered
orders) and of budgetary resources for which no funding has
been received (unfinanced budgetary resources). Unfinanced
budgetary resources include orders from Federal customers
that have not been filled (unfilled orders), and unfinanced
budget authority in the form of authority to borrow for which
borrowing has not taken place, and contract authority for
which liquidating cash has not been received. Orders received
from the public must be accompanied by advance payment.
The amounts in the 1996 column are audited. Other amounts
are unaudited and subject to change.

Personnel Summary

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 17–0643–0–1–452

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001
1005

Direct: Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

774
23

748
17

706
19

2001

Reimbursable: Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................

8

12

12

Federal civilian employment generally is stated on a fulltime equivalent (FTE) basis for the executive branch. It is
the total number of hours worked (or to be worked) divided
by the number of compensable hours applicable to each fiscal
year.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Financial statements are presented for activities specifically
required by the Government Corporation Control Act or other
legislation, all direct and guaranteed loan financing accounts
(balance sheets only), all Government-sponsored enterprise
funds, and generally for other revolving and trust revolving
funds conducting business with the public. They are occasionally presented for funds conducting business within the Government.
Statement of Operations

For many revolving funds there is a statement of operations
that shows the resulting net income or loss for the year.
This statement usually includes accrued revenue (e.g., revenue earned) and accrued expenditures (e.g., including costs
incurred but not yet paid), whether funded or unfunded. The
amounts in the 1996 column are audited.
Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 16–4023–0–3–754

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1996 actual

1997 actual

4
1
1

4
2
1

4
2
1

4
2
1

1

2

2

2

Total assets ...................................

7

9

9

9

Liabilities:
Federal liabilities:
2103
Debt .....................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2203
Debt .....................................................

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

2999

Total liabilities ...............................

6

6

6

6

3100
3999

Net Position:
Appropriated equal ..................................
Total net position ...............................

3
2

3
3

3
3

3
3

4999

Total liabilities and net position

7

9

9

9

Identification code 16–4023–0–3–754

1999 est.

0111
0112
0119

Industrial Program:
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................
Net income of loss (–) .......................

9
–7
2

14
–8
6

6
–8
–2

10
–8
2

0121
0122

Sales program:
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

25
–15

27
–20

18
–11

15
–10

0129

Net Income or loss (–) .......................

10

7

7

5

0131
0132

Power program:
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

39
–13

28
–18

34
–20

22
–14

Assets:
Federal assets:
Investments in US securities
1102
Treasury securities, net ..................
1104
Agency securities, net ....................
1106
Receivables, net ..................................
Non-Federal assets:
1201
Investments in non-Federal securities, net ......................................
1999

1998 est.

1999 est.

FEDERAL CREDIT SCHEDULES

Federal credit programs provide benefits to the public in
the form of direct loans and loan guarantees. The Federal
Credit Reform Act of 1990 requires that the estimated costs
arising from the direct and guaranteed loans of a program
be calculated on a net present value basis, excluding administrative costs. For most programs, direct loan obligations and
loan guarantee commitments cannot be made unless appropriations for the cost have been provided in advance in annual
appropriations acts. In addition, annual limitations on the
amount of obligations and commitments may be enacted in
appropriations language.
Appropriations for costs are recorded as budget authority
in credit program accounts. The administrative expenses associated with a credit program are also financed in the program
account, but on a cash basis. All cash flows arising from
direct loan obligations and loan guarantee commitments are
recorded in separate financing accounts. The transactions of
the financing accounts are not included in the budget totals.
Program accounts make subsidy payments, recorded as on-

7

DETAILED BUDGET ESTIMATES EXPLANATION OF ESTIMATES

budget outlays, to the financing accounts at the time of the
disbursement of the direct or guaranteed loans.
The transactions associated with direct loan obligations and
loan guarantee commitments made prior to 1992 continue
to be accounted for on a cash flow basis and are recorded
in liquidating accounts. In most cases, the liquidating account
is the account that was used for the program prior to the
enactment of the 1990 requirements.
Program and Financing schedules (described above) are
shown for program, financing, and liquidating accounts. In
addition, a Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority, and Outlays by Program schedule is shown for program
accounts. Status of Direct Loans and Status of Guaranteed
Loans schedules (as applicable) are shown for liquidating accounts and financing accounts. Examples of these schedules
are shown below. Summary information on Federal credit
programs is provided in the chapter entitled ‘‘Underwriting
Federal Credit and Insurance’’ in the Analytical Perspectives
volume.
Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program
(in millions of dollars)
Identification code 83–0100–0–1–155

Identification code 83–4200–0–3–155

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................

715

600

570

1150

715

600

570

1210
1231
1251

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year ........................................ ...................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ..............
338
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments ............
–3

325
586
–6

905
597
–7

1263

Write-offs for default:
Direct loans ...............................................................

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

Total direct loan obligations ................................

–10 ................... ...................
325

905

1,495

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 83–4100–0–3–155

1996 actual

1997 est.

1998 est.

1998 est.

1999 est.

301
199
215

250
150
200

225
150
195

1159

715

600

570

Direct loan subsidy rates (in percent):
1320 Economic opportunity loans ...........................................
1320 Handicapped loans ........................................................
1320 Minority enterprise loans ...............................................

8.00
3.01
4.20

8.00
2.66
4.00

8.00
2.66
3.59

1329

Weighted average subsidy rate ............................

5.45

5.39

5.19

1330
1330
1330

Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
Economic opportunity loans ...........................................
Handicapped loans ........................................................
Minority enterprise loans ...............................................

24
6
9

20
4
8

18
4
7

1339

Total subsidy budget authority .............................

39

32

29

1340
1340
1340

Direct loan subsidy outlays:
Economic opportunity loans ...........................................
Handicapped loans ........................................................
Minority enterprise loans ...............................................

12
3
4

10
4
7

9
4
8

1349

Total, subsidy outlays ....................................................

19

21

21

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 General business loans .................................................
2150 Minority enterprise loans ...............................................

1,120
8,790

1,200
9,000

1,215
9,250

10,000

10,200

10,465

2150

1997 actual

Position with respect to appropriations act limitations
on commitments:
2111 Limitations on guaranteed loans made by private
lenders .......................................................................

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Economic opportunity loans ...........................................
1150 Handicapped loans ........................................................
1150 Minority enterprise loans ...............................................
Total direct loan levels .........................................

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

Total guaranteed loan commitments ...................

10,000

10,200

10,465

2199

Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loan commitments ....................................................................

7,500

7,650

7,849

MEMORANDUM

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Disbursements: Outstanding start of year ............... ...................
Repayments: Disbursements of new guaranteed
loans .....................................................................
5,000
2251
Repayments and prepayments .................................. ...................

5,000

13,895

9,100
–200

10,312
–375

Adjustments:
Terminations for default that result in a loan receivable ................................................................. ...................

–5

–13

5,000

13,895

23,820

3,750

10,421

17,865

................... ...................
...................
5
................... ...................
................... ...................

5
13
–3
–2

2210
2231

2261
2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

2299

Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

MEMORANDUM

2159

Total guaranteed loan levels .........................................

10,000

10,200

Guaranteed loan subsidy rates (in percent):
General business loans .................................................
Minority enterprise loans ...............................................

2.41
0.91

2.42
0.90

2.47
0.92

2329

Weighted average subsidy rate ............................

1.07

1.08

1.10

2330
2330

Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
General business loans .................................................
Minority enterprise loans ...............................................

27
80

29
81

30
85

2339

2390

Outstanding, start of year ........................................ ...................

5

13

10,465

2320
2320

ADDENDUM
Cumulative balance of defaulted guaranteed loans that
result in loans receivable:
2310
Outstanding, start of year ........................................
2331
Disbursements for guaranteed loan claims .............
2351
Repayments of loans receivable ...............................
2361
Write-off of loans receivable .....................................

Total subsidy budget authority .............................

107

110

115

Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 General business loans .................................................
2340 Minority enterprise loans ...............................................

13
40

25
72

29
83

2349

53

97

112

Total subsidy outlays ............................................

Administrative expense data:
3510 Budget authority ............................................................
3590 Outlays from new authority ...........................................

19
19

18
18

17
17

UNAVAILABLE COLLECTIONS SCHEDULE
This schedule is printed for special fund and trust fund
accounts to show the amount of receipts that are credited
to them. It also shows any balances of unappropriated receipts or receipts that are precluded from obligation because
of a provision of law, such as a benefit formula or limitation
on obligations. The schedule also is printed for other types
of accounts with offsetting collections that are unavailable
for obligation because of limitations on obligations.

STATUS OF CONTRACT AUTHORITY
SCHEDULE
Contract authority is a form of budget authority that permits obligations to be incurred but requires a subsequent
appropriation to liquidate (pay) the obligation. Where applicable, this schedule follows the program and financing schedule

8

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

and reports the amount of contract authority for which appropriations to liquidate have not been provided or requested.

BUDGET PLAN SCHEDULE
This schedule is printed only for certain accounts in the
Department of Defense—Military chapter. It shows obligations incurred or estimated to be incurred from an appropriation, regardless of the timing of the obligation.

STATUS OF FUNDS SCHEDULE
This schedule reports balances, cash income, and cash outgo
for major trust funds and certain other accounts. When
present, it appears after the narrative statement for the fund
or account.

STATUS OF CONTINGENT EMERGENCY
FUNDING SCHEDULE
This schedule is printed for any account that has balances
of emergency appropriations that are contingent on the President submitting a budget request to Congress designating
an amount as an emergency requirement, as defined by the
Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985,
as amended.

GENERAL FUND RECEIPT ACCOUNTS
SCHEDULE
This schedule shows the amount of receipts attributed to
an agency that are credited to the general fund of the Treas-

ury. It is printed at the end of the presentation for the agency, before any general provisions. (Receipts that are credited
to a special fund or trust fund for which the agency is responsible are shown in an Unavailable Collections schedule presented with other schedules for the fund.)

ALLOCATIONS BETWEEN AGENCIES
In some cases, funds appropriated to the President or to
an agency are allocated to one or more agencies that help
to carry out a program. Obligations incurred under such allocations are included in the data for the account to which
the appropriation is made in the allocating agency. The object
classification schedule for such accounts identifies the amount
of such obligations by performing agency. A note at the end
of a bureau or equivalent grouping identifies allocations received from other agencies.

BUDGETS NOT SUBJECT TO REVIEW
In accordance with law or established practice, the presentations for the Legislative Branch, the Judiciary, the Milk
Market Orders Assessment Fund of the Department of Agriculture, the Farm Credit Administration, and the International Trade Commission have been included, without review, in the amounts submitted by the agencies.
The budgets of the privately owned Government-sponsored
enterprises and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, are not subject to review; they are included
for information purposes only.

TITLE VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS
DEPARTMENTS, AGENCIES,

AND

CORPORATIONS

SECTION 601. Funds appropriated in this or any other Act may
be used to pay travel to the United States for the immediate family
of employees serving abroad in cases of death or life threatening
illness of said employee.
SEC. 602. No department, agency, or instrumentality of the United
States receiving appropriated funds under this or any other Act for
fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999 shall obligate or expend any such funds,
unless such department, agency, or instrumentality has in place,
and will continue to administer in good faith, a written policy designed to ensure that all of its workplaces are free from the illegal
use, possession, or distribution of controlled substances (as defined
in the Controlled Substances Act) by the officers and employees of
such department, agency, or instrumentality.
SEC. 603. Notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1345, any agency, department,
or instrumentality of the United States which provides or proposes
to provide child care services for Federal employees may, beginning
in fiscal year 1999 and thereafter, reimburse any Federal employee
or any person employed to provide such services for travel, transportation, and subsistence expenses incurred for training classes, conferences, or other meetings in connection with the provision of such
services: Provided, That any per diem allowance made pursuant to
this section shall not exceed the rate specified in regulations prescribed pursuant to section 5707 of title 5, United States Code.
SEC. 604. Unless otherwise specifically provided, the maximum
amount allowable during the current fiscal year in accordance with
section 16 of the Act of August 2, 1946 (60 Stat. 810), for the purchase
of any passenger motor vehicle (exclusive of buses, ambulances, law
enforcement, and undercover surveillance vehicles), is hereby fixed
at $8,100 except station wagons for which the maximum shall be
$9,100: Provided, That these limits may be exceeded by not to exceed
$3,700 for police-type vehicles, and by not to exceed $4,000 for special
heavy-duty vehicles: Provided further, That the limits set forth in
this section may not be exceeded by more than 5 percent for electric
or hybrid vehicles purchased for demonstration under the provisions
of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976: Provided further, That the limits set forth
in this section may be exceeded by the incremental cost of clean
alternative fuels vehicles acquired pursuant to Public Law 101–549
over the cost of comparable conventionally fueled vehicles.
SEC. 605. Appropriations of the executive departments and independent establishments for the current fiscal year available for expenses of travel, or for the expenses of the activity concerned, are
hereby made available for quarters allowances and cost-of-living allowances, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 5922–5924.
SEC. 606. Unless otherwise specified during the current fiscal year,
no part of any appropriation contained in this or any other Act
shall be used to pay the compensation of any officer or employee
of the Government of the United States (including any agency the
majority of the stock of which is owned by the Government of the
United States) whose post of duty is in the continental United States
unless such person: (1) is a citizen of the United States; (2) is a
person in the service of the United States on the date of enactment
of this Act who, being eligible for citizenship, has filed a declaration
of intention to become a citizen of the United States prior to such
date and is actually residing in the United States; (3) is a person
who owes allegiance to the United States; (4) is an alien from Cuba,
Poland, South Vietnam, the countries of the former Soviet Union,
or the Baltic countries lawfully admitted to the United States for
permanent residence; (5) is a South Vietnamese, Cambodian, or Laotian refugee paroled in the United States after January 1, 1975;
or (6) is a national of the People’s Republic of China who qualifies
for adjustment of status pursuant to the Chinese Student Protection
Act of 1992: Provided, That for the purpose of this section, an affidavit signed by any such person shall be considered prima facie evidence that the requirements of this section with respect to his or
her status have been complied with: Provided further, That any person making a false affidavit shall be guilty of a felony, and, upon
conviction, shall be fined no more than $4,000 or imprisoned for
not more than 1 year, or both: Provided further, That the above
penal clause shall be in addition to, and not in substitution for,

any other provisions of existing law: Provided further, That any payment made to any officer or employee contrary to the provisions
of this section shall be recoverable in action by the Federal Government. This section shall not apply to citizens of Ireland, Israel, or
the Republic of the Philippines, or to nationals of those countries
allied with the United States in a current defense effort, or to international broadcasters employed by the United States Information
Agency, or to temporary employment of translators, or to temporary
employment in the field service (not to exceed 60 days) as a result
of emergencies.
SEC. 607. Appropriations available to any department or agency
during the current fiscal year for necessary expenses, including maintenance or operating expenses, shall also be available for payment
to the General Services Administration for charges for space and
services and those expenses of renovation and alteration of buildings
and facilities which constitute public improvements performed in accordance with the Public Buildings Act of 1959 (73 Stat. 749), the
Public Buildings Amendments of 1972 (87 Stat. 216), or other applicable law.
SEC. 608. In addition to funds provided in this or any other Act,
all Federal agencies are authorized to receive and use funds resulting
from the sale of materials, including Federal records disposed of
pursuant to a records schedule recovered through recycling or waste
prevention programs. Such funds shall be available until expended
for the following purposes:
(1) Acquisition, waste reduction and prevention, and recycling
programs as described in Executive Order No. 12873 (October 20,
1993), including any such programs adopted prior to the effective
date of the Executive order.
(2) Other Federal agency environmental management programs,
including, but not limited to, the development and implementation
of hazardous waste management and pollution prevention programs.
(3) Other employee programs as authorized by law or as deemed
appropriate by the head of the Federal agency.
SEC. 609. Funds made available by this or any other Act for administrative expenses in the current fiscal year of the corporations and
agencies subject to chapter 91 of title 31, United States Code, shall
be available, in addition to objects for which such funds are otherwise
available, for rent in the District of Columbia; services in accordance
with 5 U.S.C. 3109; and the objects specified under this head, all
the provisions of which shall be applicable to the expenditure of
such funds unless otherwise specified in the Act by which they are
made available: Provided, That in the event any functions budgeted
as administrative expenses are subsequently transferred to or paid
from other funds, the limitations on administrative expenses shall
be correspondingly reduced.
øSEC. 610. No part of any appropriation for the current fiscal year
contained in this or any other Act shall be paid to any person for
the filling of any position for which he or she has been nominated
after the Senate has voted not to approve the nomination of said
person.¿
øSEC. 611. No part of any appropriation contained in this or any
other Act shall be available for interagency financing of boards (except Federal Executive Boards), commissions, councils, committees,
or similar groups (whether or not they are interagency entities) which
do not have a prior and specific statutory approval to receive financial
support from more than one agency or instrumentality.¿
SEC. ø612¿ 610. Funds made available by this or any other Act
to the Postal Service Fund (39 U.S.C. 2003) shall be available for
employment of guards for all buildings and areas owned or occupied
by the Postal Service and under the charge and control of the Postal
Service, and such guards shall have, with respect to such property,
the powers of special policemen provided by the first section of the
Act of June 1, 1948, as amended (62 Stat. 281; 40 U.S.C. 318),
and, as to property owned or occupied by the Postal Service, the
Postmaster General may take the same actions as the Administrator
of General Services may take under the provisions of sections 2
and 3 of the Act of June 1, 1948, as amended (62 Stat. 281; 40
U.S.C. 318a and 318b), attaching thereto penal consequences under
the authority and within the limits provided in section 4 of the
Act of June 1, 1948, as amended (62 Stat. 281; 40 U.S.C. 318c).
9

10

TITLE VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS—Continued

DEPARTMENTS, AGENCIES,

AND

CORPORATIONS—Continued

øSEC. 613. None of the funds made available pursuant to the provisions of this Act shall be used to implement, administer, or enforce
any regulation which has been disapproved pursuant to a resolution
of disapproval duly adopted in accordance with the applicable law
of the United States.¿
SEC. ø614¿ 611. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
and except as otherwise provided in this section, no part of any
of the funds appropriated for the fiscal year ending on September
30, ø1998¿ 1999, by this or any other Act, may be used to pay
any prevailing rate employee described in section 5342(a)(2)(A) of
title 5, United States Code—
(1) during the period from the date of expiration of the limitation
imposed by section ø616¿ 614 of the Treasury, Postal Service and
General Government Appropriations Act, ø1997¿ 1998, until the
normal effective date of the applicable wage survey adjustment
that is to take effect in fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999, in an amount
that exceeds the rate payable for the applicable grade and step
of the applicable wage schedule in accordance with such section
ø616¿ 614; and
(2) during the period consisting of the remainder of fiscal year
ø1998¿ 1999, in an amount that exceeds, as a result of a wage
survey adjustment, the rate payable under paragraph (1) by more
than the sum of—
(A) the percentage adjustment taking effect in fiscal year
ø1998¿ 1999 under section 5303 of title 5, United States Code,
in the rates of pay under the General Schedule; and
(B) the difference between the overall average percentage of
the locality-based comparability payments taking effect in fiscal
year ø1998¿ 1999 under section 5304 of such title (whether by
adjustment or otherwise), and the overall average percentage
of such payments which was effective in fiscal year ø1997¿ 1998
under such section.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no prevailing rate
employee described in subparagraph (B) or (C) of section 5342(a)(2)
of title 5, United States Code, and no employee covered by section
5348 of such title, may be paid during the periods for which subsection (a) is in effect at a rate that exceeds the rates that would
be payable under subsection (a) were subsection (a) applicable to
such employee.
(c) For the purposes of this section, the rates payable to an employee who is covered by this section and who is paid from a schedule
not in existence on September 30, ø1997¿ 1998, shall be determined
under regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, rates of premium
pay for employees subject to this section may not be changed from
the rates in effect on September 30, ø1997¿ 1998, except to the
extent determined by the Office of Personnel Management to be consistent with the purpose of this section.
(e) This section shall apply with respect to pay for service performed after September 30, ø1997¿ 1998.
(f) For the purpose of administering any provision of law (including
section 8431 of title 5, United States Code, and any rule or regulation
that provides premium pay, retirement, life insurance, or any other
employee benefit) that requires any deduction or contribution, or that
imposes any requirement or limitation on the basis of a rate of
salary or basic pay, the rate of salary or basic pay payable after
the application of this section shall be treated as the rate of salary
or basic pay.
(g) Nothing in this section shall be considered to permit or require
the payment to any employee covered by this section at a rate in
excess of the rate that would be payable were this section not in
effect.
(h) The Office of Personnel Management may provide for exceptions
to the limitations imposed by this section if the Office determines
that such exceptions are necessary to ensure the recruitment or retention of qualified employees.
SEC. ø615¿ 612. During the period in which the head of any department or agency, or any other officer or civilian employee of the
Government appointed by the President of the United States, holds
office, no funds may be obligated or expended in excess of $5,000
to furnish or redecorate the office of such department head, agency
head, officer, or employee, or to purchase furniture or make improvements for any such office, unless advance notice of such furnishing
or redecoration is expressly øapproved by¿ transmitted to the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate. For the purposes
of this section, the word ‘‘office’’ shall include the entire suite of

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
offices assigned to the individual, as well as any other space used
primarily by the individual or the use of which is directly controlled
by the individual.
øSEC. 616. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no executive
branch agency shall purchase, construct, and/or lease any additional
facilities, except within or contiguous to existing locations, to be used
for the purpose of conducting Federal law enforcement training without the advance approval of the House and Senate Committees on
Appropriations.¿
SEC. ø617¿ 613. Notwithstanding section 1346 of title 31, United
States Code, øor section 611 of this Act,¿ funds made available for
fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999 by this or any other Act shall be available
for the interagency funding of national security and emergency preparedness telecommunications initiatives which benefit multiple Federal departments, agencies, or entities, as provided by Executive
Order No. 12472 (April 3, 1984).
SEC. ø618¿ 614. (a) None of the funds appropriated by this or
any other Act may be obligated or expended by any Federal department, agency, or other instrumentality for the salaries or expenses
of any employee appointed to a position of a confidential or policydetermining character excepted from the competitive service pursuant
to section 3302 of title 5, United States Code, without a certification
to the Office of Personnel Management from the head of the Federal
department, agency, or other instrumentality employing the Schedule
C appointee that the Schedule C position was not created solely
or primarily in order to detail the employee to the White House.
(b) The provisions of this section shall not apply to Federal employees
or members of the armed services detailed to or from—
(1) the Central Intelligence Agency;
(2) the National Security Agency;
(3) the Defense Intelligence Agency;
(4) the offices within the Department of Defense for the collection
of specialized national foreign intelligence through reconnaissance
programs;
(5) the Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the Department
of State;
(6) any agency, office, or unit of the Army, Navy, Air Force,
and Marine Corps, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the
Drug Enforcement Administration of the Department of Justice,
the Department of Transportation, the Department of the Treasury,
and the Department of Energy performing intelligence functions;
and
(7) the Director of Central Intelligence.
SEC. ø619¿ 615. No department, agency, or instrumentality of the
United States receiving appropriated funds under this or any other
Act for fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999 shall obligate or expend any such
funds, unless such department, agency, or instrumentality has in
place, and will continue to administer in good faith, a written policy
designed to ensure that all of its workplaces are free from discrimination and sexual harassment and that all of its workplaces are not
in violation of title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended,
the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
øSEC. 620. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act
may be used to pay for the expenses of travel of employees, including
employees of the Executive Office of the President, not directly responsible for the discharge of official governmental tasks and duties:
Provided, That this restriction shall not apply to the family of the
President, Members of Congress or their spouses, Heads of State
of a foreign country or their designees, persons providing assistance
to the President for official purposes, or other individuals so designated by the President.¿
SEC. ø621¿ 616. Notwithstanding any provision of law, the President, or his designee, must certify to Congress, annually, that no
person or persons with direct or indirect responsibility for administering the Executive Office of the President’s Drug-Free Workplace Plan
are themselves subject to a program of individual random drug testing.
øSEC. 622. (a) None of the funds made available in this or any
other Act may be obligated or expended for any employee training
that—
(1) does not meet identified needs for knowledge, skills, and abilities bearing directly upon the performance of official duties;
(2) contains elements likely to induce high levels of emotional
response or psychological stress in some participants;
(3) does not require prior employee notification of the content
and methods to be used in the training and written end of course
evaluation;

TITLE VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS
(4) contains any methods or content associated with religious
or quasi-religious belief systems or ‘‘new age’’ belief systems as
defined in Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Notice N–
915.022, dated September 2, 1988;
(5) is offensive to, or designed to change, participants’ personal
values or lifestyle outside the workplace; or
(6) includes content related to human immunodeficiency virusacquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) other than that
necessary to make employees more aware of the medical ramifications of HIV/AIDS and the workplace rights of HIV-positive employees.
(b) Nothing in this section shall prohibit, restrict, or otherwise
preclude an agency from conducting training bearing directly upon
the performance of official duties.¿
øSEC. 623. No funds appropriated in this or any other Act for
fiscal year 1998 may be used to implement or enforce the agreements
in Standard Forms 312 and 4355 of the Government or any other
nondisclosure policy, form, or agreement if such policy, form, or agreement does not contain the following provisions: ‘‘These restrictions
are consistent with and do not supersede, conflict with, or otherwise
alter the employee obligations, rights, or liabilities created by Executive Order No. 12356; section 7211 of title 5, United States Code
(governing disclosures to Congress); section 1034 of title 10, United
States Code, as amended by the Military Whistleblower Protection
Act (governing disclosure to Congress by members of the military);
section 2302(b)(8) of title 5, United States Code, as amended by
the Whistleblower Protection Act (governing disclosures of illegality,
waste, fraud, abuse or public health or safety threats); the Intelligence Identities Protection Act of 1982 (50 U.S.C. 421 et seq.) (governing disclosures that could expose confidential Government agents);
and the statutes which protect against disclosure that may compromise the national security, including sections 641, 793, 794, 798,
and 952 of title 18, United States Code, and section 4(b) of the
Subversive Activities Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 783(b)). The definitions,
requirements, obligations, rights, sanctions, and liabilities created by
said Executive order and listed statutes are incorporated into this
agreement and are controlling.’’: Provided, That notwithstanding the
preceding paragraph, a nondisclosure policy form or agreement that
is to be executed by a person connected with the conduct of an
intelligence or intelligence-related activity, other than an employee
or officer of the United States Government, may contain provisions
appropriate to the particular activity for which such document is
to be used. Such form or agreement shall, at a minimum, require
that the person will not disclose any classified information received
in the course of such activity unless specifically authorized to do
so by the United States Government. Such nondisclosure forms shall
also make it clear that they do not bar disclosures to Congress or
to an authorized official of an executive agency or the Department
of Justice that are essential to reporting a substantial violation of
law.¿
SEC. ø624¿ 617. No part of any funds appropriated in this or
any other Act shall be used by an agency of the executive branch,
other than for normal and recognized executive-legislative relationships, for publicity or propaganda purposes, and for the preparation,
distribution or use of any kit, pamphlet, booklet, publication, radio,
television or film presentation designed to support or defeat legislation pending before the Congress, except in presentation to the Congress itself.
SEC. ø625¿ 618. (a) In General.—No later than September 30,
ø1998¿ 1999, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget
shall submit to the Congress a report that provides—
(1) estimates of the total annual costs and benefits of Federal
regulatory programs, including quantitative and nonquantitative
measures of regulatory costs and benefits;
(2) estimates of the costs and benefits (including quantitative
and nonquantitative measures) of each rule that is likely to have
a gross annual effect on the economy of $100,000,000 or more
in increased costs;
(3) an assessment of the direct and indirect impacts of Federal
rules on the private sector, State and local government, and the
Federal Government; and
(4) recommendations from the Director and a description of significant public comments to reform or eliminate any Federal regulatory program or program element that is inefficient, ineffective,
or is not a sound use of the Nation’s resources.
(b) Notice.—The Director shall provide public notice and an opportunity to comment on the report under subsection (a) before the
report is issued in final form.

TITLE VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS—Continued

11

øSEC. 626. None of the funds appropriated by this Act or any
other Act, may be used by an agency to provide a Federal employee’s
home address to any labor organization except when it is made
known to the Federal official having authority to obligate or expend
such funds that the employee has authorized such disclosure or that
such disclosure has been ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction.¿
SEC. ø627¿ 619. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to
establish scientific certification standards for explosives detection canines, and shall provide, on a reimbursable basis, for the certification
of explosives detection canines employed by Federal agencies, or other
agencies providing explosives detection services at airports in the
United States.
øSEC. 628. None of the funds made available in this Act or any
other Act may be used to provide any non-public information such
as mailing or telephone lists to any person or any organization outside of the Federal Government without the approval of the House
and Senate Committees on Appropriations.¿
øSEC. 629. Notwithstanding section 611, interagency financing is
authorized to carry out the purposes of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission.¿
SEC. ø630¿ 620. No part of any appropriation contained in this
or any other Act shall be used for publicity or propaganda purposes
within the United States not heretofore authorized by the Congress.
SEC. ø631¿ 621. None of the funds appropriated in this or any
other Act shall be used to acquire information technologies which
do not comply with part 39.106 (Year 2000 compliance) of the Federal
Acquisition Regulation, unless an agency’s Chief Information Officer
determines that noncompliance with part 39.106 is necessary to the
function and operation of the requesting agency or the acquisition
is required by a signed contract with the agency in effect before
the date of enactment of this Act. Any waiver granted by the Chief
Information Officer shall be reported to the Office of Management
and Budget, and copies shall be provided to Congress.
øSEC. 632. For fiscal year 1998, the Secretary of the Treasury
is authorized to use funds made available to the FSLIC Resolution
Fund under Public Law 103–327, not to exceed $33,700,000, to reimburse the Department of Justice for the reasonable expenses of litigation that are incurred in the defense of claims against the United
States arising from FIRREA and its implementation.¿
øSEC. 633. Personal Allowance Parity Among NAFTA Parties.
(a) In General.—The United States Trade Representative and the
Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, shall initiate discussions with officials of the Governments
of Mexico and Canada to achieve parity in the duty-free personal
allowance structure of the United States, Mexico, and Canada.
(b) Report.—The United States Trade Representative and the Secretary of the Treasury shall report to Congress within 90 days after
the date of enactment of this Act on the progress that is being
made to correct any disparity between the United States, Mexico,
and Canada with respect to duty-free personal allowances.
(c) Recommendations.—If parity with respect to duty-free personal
allowances between the United States, Mexico, and Canada is not
achieved within 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act,
the United States Trade Representative and the Secretary of the
Treasury shall submit recommendations to Congress for appropriate
legislation and action.¿
SEC. ø634¿ 622. None of the funds made available in this Act
for the United States Customs Service may be used to allow the
importation into the United States of any good, ware, article, or
merchandise mined, produced, or manufactured by forced or indentured child labor, as determined pursuant to section 307 of the Tariff
Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1307).
øSEC. 635. No later than 30 days after the enactment of this Act,
the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall require
all Federal departments and agencies to report total obligations for
the expenses of employee relocation. All obligations incident to employee relocation authorized under either chapter 57 of title 5, United
States Code, or section 901 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22
U.S.C. 4081; Public Law 96–465), shall be included. Such information
for the past, current, and budget years shall be included in the
agency budget submission to the President. The Director of the Office
of Management and Budget shall prepare a table presenting obligations for the expenses of employee relocation for all departments
and agencies, and such table shall be transmitted to Congress each
year as part of the President’s annual budget.¿
SEC. ø636¿ 623. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no
part of any øappropriation contained in¿ funds provided by this Act

12

TITLE VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS—Continued

DEPARTMENTS, AGENCIES,

AND

CORPORATIONS—Continued

or any other Act øfor any fiscal year¿ beginning in fiscal year 1999
and thereafter shall be available for paying Sunday premium pay
to any employee unless such employee actually performed work during the time corresponding to such premium pay.
øSEC. 637. Section 302(g)(1) of the Federal Election Campaign Act
of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 432(g)(1)) is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘and’’ after ‘‘Senator,’’; and
(2) by inserting after ‘‘candidate,’’ the following: ‘‘and by the Republican and Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committees’’.¿
øSEC. 638. (a) Chapter 31 of title 5, United States Code, is amended
by inserting after section 3112 the following:
‘‘SEC. 3113. Restriction on reemployment after conviction of certain
crimes
‘‘An employee shall be separated from service and barred from
reemployment in the Federal service, if—
‘‘(1) the employee is convicted of a violation of section 201(b)
of title 18; and
‘‘(2) such violation related to conduct prohibited under section
1010(a) of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21
U.S.C. 960(a)).’’.
(b) The table of sections for chapter 31 of title 5, United States
Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section
3112 the following:
‘‘3113. Restriction on reemployment after conviction of certain
crimes.’’.
(c) This section shall apply during fiscal year 1998 and each fiscal
year thereafter.¿
øSEC. 639. (a) Coordination of Counterdrug Intelligence Centers
and Activities.—(1) Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of National Drug Control
Policy shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees, including the Committees on Appropriations, a plan to improve coordination, and eliminate unnecessary duplication, among the
counterdrug intelligence centers and counterdrug activities of the
Federal Government, including the centers and activities of the following departments and agencies:
(A) The Department of Defense, including the Defense Intelligence Agency.
(B) The Department of the Treasury, including the United States
Customs Service and the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
(FinCEN).
(C) The Central Intelligence Agency.
(D) The Coast Guard.
(E) The Department of Justice, including the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC); the Drug Enforcement Administration, including the El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC); and the Federal
Bureau of Investigation.
(2) The purpose of the plan under paragraph (1) is to maximize
the effectiveness of the centers and activities referred to in that
paragraph in achieving the objectives of the national drug control
strategy. In order to maximize such effectiveness, the plan shall—
(A) articulate clear and specific mission statements for each
counterdrug intelligence center and activity, including the manner
in which responsibility for counterdrug intelligence activities will
be allocated among the counterdrug intelligence centers;
(B) specify the relationship between such centers;
(C) specify the means by which proper oversight of such centers
will be assured;
(D) specify the means by which counterdrug intelligence will be
forwarded effectively to all levels of officials responsible for United
States counterdrug policy; and
(E) specify mechanisms to ensure that State and local law enforcement agencies are apprised of counterdrug intelligence acquired by Federal law enforcement agencies in a manner which—
(i) facilitates effective counterdrug activities by State and local
law enforcement agencies; and
(ii) provides such State and local law enforcement agencies
with the information relating to the safety of officials involved
in their counterdrug activities.
(b) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.—In this section, the term ‘‘appropriate congressional committees’’ means the following:
(1) The Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on the
Judiciary, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
(2) The Committee on International Relations, the Committee
on the Judiciary, and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.¿

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
SEC. ø640¿ 624. No part of any appropriation contained in this
or any other Act shall be available for the payment of the salary
of any officer or employee of the Federal Government, who—
(1) prohibits or prevents, or attempts or threatens to prohibit
or prevent, any other officer or employee of the Federal Government
from having any direct oral or written communication or contact
with any Member, committee, or subcommittee of the Congress
in connection with any matter pertaining to the employment of
such other officer or employee or pertaining to the department
or agency of such other officer or employee in any way, irrespective
of whether such communication or contact is at the initiative of
such other officer or employee or in response to the request or
inquiry of such Member, committee, or subcommittee; or
(2) removes, suspends from duty without pay, demotes, reduces
in rank, seniority, status, pay, or performance of efficiency rating,
denies promotion to, relocates, reassigns, transfers, disciplines, or
discriminates in regard to any employment right, entitlement, or
benefit, or any term or condition of employment of, any other officer
or employee of the Federal Government, or attempts or threatens
to commit any of the foregoing actions with respect to such other
officer or employee, by reason of any communication or contact
of such other officer or employee with any Member, committee,
or subcommittee of the Congress as described in paragraph (1).
SEC. 625. Section 404(a) of the Government Management Reform
Act is amended by deleting the period at the end of paragraph (2)
and replacing it with ‘‘; and’’, and by adding thereafter the following
paragraph: ‘‘(3) the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).’’.
SEC. 626. Notwithstanding section 1346 of title 31, United States
Code, funds made available for fiscal year 1999, by this or any other
Act shall be available for the interagency funding of specific projects,
workshops, studies, and similar efforts to carry out the purposes of
the National Science and Technology Council (authorized by Executive
Order No. 12881), which benefit multiple Federal departments, agencies, or entities.
SEC. 627. Section 626(b) of the Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, 1997, as contained in section
101(f) of Public Law 104–208 (110 Stat. 3009–360), the Omnibus
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997, is amended to read as follows:
‘‘(b) Until December 31, 1998, or until the end of the current FTS2000
contracts, whichever is later, subsection (a) shall continue to apply
to the use of the funds appropriated by this or any other Act.’’
øSEC. 641. Section 5118(d)(2) of title 31, United States Code, is
amended by striking ‘‘This paragraph shall’’ and all that follows
through the end of the paragraph.¿
øSEC. 642. (a) This section may be cited as the ‘‘Federal Employees’
Retirement System Open Enrollment Act of 1997’’.
(b) Any individual who, as of January 1, 1998, is employed by
the Federal Government, and on such date is subject to subchapter
III of chapter 83 of title 5, United States Code, may elect to become
subject to chapter 84 of such title in accordance with regulations
promulgated under subsection (c).
(c) The Office of Personnel Management shall promulgate regulations to carry out the provisions of this section. Such regulations
shall—
(1)(A) subject to subparagraph (B), provide for an election under
subsection (b) to be made not before July 1, 1998, or after December
31, 1998; and
(B) with respect to a Member of Congress, provide for—
(i) an election under subsection (b) to be made not before July
1, 1998, or after October 31, 1998; and
(ii) such an election to take effect not before January 4, 1999;
(2) provide notice and information to individuals who may make
such an election, including information on a comparison of benefits
an individual would receive from coverage under chapter 83 or
84 of title 5, United States Code; and
(3) provide for treatment of such an election similar to the applicable provisions of title III of the Federal Employees’ Retirement
System Act of 1986 (Public Law 99–335; 100 Stat. 599 et seq.).
(d)(1) Section 210(a)(5)(H)(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.
410(a)(5)(H)(i)) is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘or’’ after ‘‘1986’’ and inserting a comma; and
(B) by inserting ‘‘or the Federal Employees’ Retirement System
Open Enrollment Act of 1997’’ after ‘‘(50 U.S.C. 2157),’’.
(2) Section 3121(b)(5)(H)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986
is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘or’’ after ‘‘1986’’ and inserting a comma; and

TITLE VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS
(B) by inserting ‘‘or the Federal Employees’ Retirement System
Open Enrollment Act of 1997’’ after ‘‘(50 U.S.C. 2157),’’.¿ (Treasury
and General Government Appropriations Act, 1998).

TITLE VI—GENERAL PROVISIONS—Continued

13

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
OFFICE

SENATE
EXPENSE ALLOWANCES

For expense allowances of the Vice President, $10,000; the President pro tempore of the Senate, $10,000; Majority Leader of the
Senate, $10,000; Minority Leader of the Senate, $10,000; Majority
Whip of the Senate, $5,000; Minority Whip of the Senate, $5,000;
and Chairmen of the Majority and Minority Conference Committees,
$3,000 for each Chairman; in all, $56,000.

REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES FOR THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY
LEADERS

For representation allowances of the Majority and Minority Leaders
of the Senate, $15,000 for each such Leader; in all, $30,000.

SALARIES, OFFICERS

AND

EMPLOYEES

For compensation of officers, employees, and others as authorized
by law, including agency contributions, ø$77,254,000¿ $79,746,000,
which shall be paid from this appropriation without regard to the
below limitations, as follows:
OFFICE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT

For the Office of the Vice President, ø$1,612,000¿ $1,659,000.
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE

OF THE

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL

OF THE

SENATE

For salaries and expenses of the Office of the Legislative Counsel
of the Senate, ø$3,605,000¿ $3,753,000.

OFFICE

OF

SENATE LEGAL COUNSEL

For salaries and expenses of the Office of Senate Legal Counsel,
ø$966,000¿ $985,000.

EXPENSE ALLOWANCES OF THE SECRETARY OF THE SENATE, SERGEANT AT ARMS AND DOORKEEPER OF THE SENATE, AND SECRETARIES FOR THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY OF THE SENATE
For expense allowances of the Secretary of the Senate, $3,000;
Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate, $3,000; Secretary
for the Majority of the Senate, $3,000; Secretary for the Minority
of the Senate, $3,000; in all, $12,000.

CONTINGENT EXPENSES

OF THE

SENATE

INQUIRIES AND INVESTIGATIONS

For expenses of inquiries and investigations ordered by the Senate,
or conducted pursuant to section 134(a) of Public Law 601, Seventyninth Congress, as amended, section 112 of Public Law 96–304 and
Senate Resolution 281, agreed to March 11, 1980, ø$75,600,000¿
$74,649,000.

For the Office of the President pro tempore, ø$371,000¿ $402,000.
OFFICES OF THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY LEADERS

For Offices of the Majority and Minority Leaders, ø$2,388,000¿
$2,436,000.
OFFICES OF THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY WHIPS

EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES SENATE CAUCUS ON
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL

For expenses of the United States Senate Caucus on International
Narcotics Control, ø$370,000¿ $378,000.

For Offices of the Majority and Minority Whips, ø$1,221,000¿
$1,416,000.
CONFERENCE COMMITTEES

For the
nority, at
each such
tee; in all,

Conference of the Majority and the Conference of the Mirates of compensation to be fixed by the Chairman of
committee, ø$1,061,000¿ $1,092,000 for each such commitø$2,122,000¿ $2,184,000.

OFFICES OF THE SECRETARIES OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE
MAJORITY AND THE CONFERENCE OF THE MINORITY

For Offices of the Secretaries of the Conference of the Majority
and the Conference of the Minority, ø$409,000¿ $570,000.

SECRETARY OF THE SENATE

For expenses of the Office of the Secretary of the Senate,
$1,511,000.

SERGEANT AT ARMS AND DOORKEEPER OF THE SENATE

For expenses of the Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper
of the Senate, ø$64,833,000, of which $7,000,000 shall remain available until September 30, 1999¿ $63,511,000.

POLICY COMMITTEES

For salaries of the Majority Policy Committee and the Minority
Policy Committee, ø$1,077,500¿ $1,109,000 for each such committee;
in all, ø$2,155,000¿ $2,218,000.

MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS

For miscellaneous items, $7,905,000.

OFFICE OF THE CHAPLAIN

For Office of the Chaplain, ø$260,000¿ $276,000.
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

For Office of the Secretary, ø$13,306,000¿ $13,694,000.

SENATORS’ OFFICIAL PERSONNEL AND OFFICE EXPENSE ACCOUNT

For Senators’ Official Personnel and Office Expense Account,
ø$228,600,000¿ $249,156,000.

OFFICE OF THE SERGEANT AT ARMS AND DOORKEEPER

For Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, ø$33,037,000¿
$34,359,000.
OFFICES OF THE SECRETARIES FOR THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY

For Offices of the Secretary for the Majority and the Secretary
for the Minority, ø$1,165,000¿ $1,200,000.

øSTATIONERY

(REVOLVING FUND)¿

øFor stationery for the President of the Senate, $4,500, for officers
of the Senate and the Conference of the Majority and Conference
of the Minority of the Senate, $8,500; in all, $13,000.¿

AGENCY CONTRIBUTIONS AND RELATED EXPENSES

OFFICIAL MAIL COSTS

For agency contributions for employee benefits, as authorized by
law, and related expenses, ø$19,208,000¿ $19,332,000.

For expenses necessary for official mail costs of the Senate,
$300,000ø, to remain available until September 30, 1999¿.
15

16

SENATE—Continued

øADMINISTRATIVE

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
PROVISIONS¿

øSECTION 1. (a) For fiscal year 1998, and each fiscal year thereafter,
the Secretary of the Senate is authorized to make advance payments
under a contract or other agreement to provide a service or deliver
an article for the United States Government without regard to the
provisions of section 3324 of title 31, United States Code.
(b) An advance payment authorized by subsection (a) shall be made
in accordance with regulations issued by the Committee on Rules
and Administration of the Senate.
(c) The authority granted by subsection (a) shall not take effect
until regulations are issued pursuant to subsection (b).¿
øSEC. 2. (a) Upon the written request of the Majority or Minority
Whip of the Senate, the Secretary of the Senate shall transfer during
any fiscal year, from the appropriations account appropriated under
the headings ‘‘Salaries, Officers and Employees’’ and ‘‘offices of the
majority and minority whips’’, such amount as either whip shall
specify to the appropriations account, within the contingent fund
of the Senate, ‘‘miscellaneous items’’.
(b) The Majority and Minority Whips of the Senate are each authorized to incur such expenses as may be necessary or appropriate.
Expenses incurred by either such whip shall be paid from the amount
transferred pursuant to subsection (a) by such whip and upon vouchers approved by such whip.
(c) The Secretary of the Senate is authorized to advance such sums
as may be necessary to defray expenses incurred in carrying out
subsections (a) and (b).¿
øSEC. 3. (a) Effective in the case of any fiscal year which begins
on or after October 1, 1997, clause (iii) of paragraph (3)(A) of section
506(b) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1973 (2 U.S.C. 58(b))
is amended to read as follows:
‘‘(iii) subject to subparagraph (B), in case the Senator represents
Alabama, $182,567, Alaska, $251,901, Arizona, $197,079, Arkansas,
$168,282, California, $468,724, Colorado, $186,350, Connecticut,
$160,903, Delaware, $127,198, Florida, $299,746, Georgia,
$210,214, Hawaii, $279,512, Idaho, $163,335, Illinois, $266,248, Indiana, $194,770, Iowa, $170,565, Kansas, $168,177, Kentucky,
$177,338, Louisiana, $185,647, Maine, $147,746, Maryland,
$173,020, Massachusetts, $195,799, Michigan, $236,459, Minnesota,
$187,702, Mississippi, $168,103, Missouri, $197,941, Montana,
$161,725, Nebraska, $160,361, Nevada, $171,096, New Hampshire,
$142,394, New Jersey, $206,260, New Mexico, $166,140, New York,
$327,955, North Carolina, $210,946, North Dakota, $149,824, Ohio,
$259,452, Oklahoma, $181,761, Oregon, $189,345, Pennsylvania,
$266,148, Rhode Island, $138,582, South Carolina, $170,451, South
Dakota, $151,450, Tennessee, $191,954, Texas, $348,681, Utah,
$168,632, Vermont, $135,925, Virginia, $193,467, Washington,
$214,694, West Virginia, $147,772, Wisconsin, $191,569, Wyoming,
$152,438, plus’’.
(b) Subsection (a) of the first section of Public Law 100–137 (2
U.S.C. 58c) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(6) Effective on and after October 1, 1997, the Senators’ Account
shall be available for the payment of franked mail expenses of
Senators.’’.
(c)(1) Section 12 of Public Law 101–520 is repealed.
(2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall be effective on
and after October 1, 1997.
(d) Nothing in this section affects the authority of the Committee
on Rules and Administration of the Senate to prescribe regulations
relating to the frank by Senators and officers of the Senate.¿
øSEC. 4. (a) The aggregate amount authorized by Senate Resolution
54, agreed to February 13, 1997, is increased—
(1) by $401,635 for the period March 1, 1997, through September
30, 1998, and
(2) by $994,150 for the period March 1, 1998, through February
28, 1999.
(b) This section is effective on and after October 1, 1997.¿
øSEC. 5. Effective on and after October 1, 1997, each of the dollar
amounts contained in the table under section 105(d)(1) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 61–1) shall be deemed
to be the dollar amounts in that table on December 31, 1995, increased by 2 percent on January 1, 1996, and by 2.3 percent on
January 1, 1997.¿
øSEC. 6. (a) The aggregate amount authorized by Senate Resolution
54, agreed to February 13, 1997, is increased—
(1) by $125,000 for the period March 1, 1997, through September
30, 1998; and
(2) by $175,000 for the period March 1, 1998, through February
28, 1999.

(b) Funds in the account, within the contingent fund of the Senate,
available for the expenses of inquiries and investigations shall be
available for franked mail expenses incurred by committees of the
Senate the other expenses of which are paid from that account.
(c) This section is effective for fiscal years beginning on and after
October 1, 1997.¿
øSEC. 7. Section 1101 of Public Law 85–58 (2 U.S.C. 46a–1) is
amended by adding at the end the following: ‘‘Disbursements from
the fund shall be made upon vouchers approved by the Secretary
of the Senate, or his designee.’’.¿ (Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
PAYMENTS

TO

WIDOWS

HEIRS OF DECEASED MEMBERS
CONGRESS

AND

OF

For payment to Lois G. Capps, widow of Walter H. Capps, late
a Representative from the State of California, $133,600.
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For salaries and expenses of the House of Representatives,
ø$708,738,000¿ $765,454,000, as follows:
HOUSE LEADERSHIP OFFICES

For salaries and expenses, as authorized by law, ø$12,293,000¿
$12,689,000, including: Office of the Speaker, ø$1,590,000¿
$1,705,000, including $25,000 for official expenses of the Speaker;
Office of the Majority Floor Leader, ø$1,626,000¿ $1,669,000, including $10,000 for official expenses of the Majority Leader; Office of
the Minority Floor Leader, ø$1,652,000¿ $1,696,000, including
$10,000 for official expenses of the Minority Leader; Office of the
Majority Whip, including the Chief Deputy Majority Whip,
ø$1,024,000¿ $1,053,000, including $5,000 for official expenses of the
Majority Whip; Office of the Minority Whip, including the Chief Deputy Minority Whip, ø$998,000¿ $1,026,000, including $5,000 for official expenses of the Minority Whip; Speaker’s Office for Legislative
Floor Activities, ø$397,000¿ $406,000; Republican Steering Committee, ø$736,000¿ $753,000; Republican Conference, ø$1,172,000¿
$1,205,000; Democratic Steering and Policy Committee, ø$1,277,000¿
$1,310,000; Democratic Caucus, ø$631,000¿ $648,000; and nine minority employees, ø$1,190,000¿ $1,218,000.
MEMBERS’ REPRESENTATIONAL ALLOWANCES
INCLUDING MEMBERS’ CLERK HIRE, OFFICIAL EXPENSES
MEMBERS, AND OFFICIAL MAIL

OF

For Members’ representational allowances, including Members’
clerk hire, official expenses, and official mail, ø$379,789,000¿
$412,964,000.
COMMITTEE EMPLOYEES
STANDING COMMITTEES, SPECIAL

AND

SELECT

For salaries and expenses of standing committees, special and select, authorized by House resolutions, ø$86,268,000¿ $90,608,000:
Provided, That such amount ø(together with any amounts appropriated for such salaries and expenses for fiscal year 1997)¿ shall
remain available for such salaries and expenses until December 31,
ø1998¿ 2000.
COMMITTEE

ON

APPROPRIATIONS

For salaries and expenses of the Committee on Appropriations,
ø$18,276,000¿ $19,731,000, including studies and examinations of executive agencies and temporary personal services for such committee,
to be expended in accordance with section 202(b) of the Legislative
Reorganization Act of 1946 and to be available for reimbursement
to agencies for services performed: Provided, That such amount ø(together with any amounts appropriated for such salaries and expenses
for fiscal year 1997)¿ shall remain available for such salaries and
expenses until December 31, ø1998¿ 2000.
SALARIES, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

For compensation and expenses of officers and employees, as authorized by law, ø$84,356,000¿ $92,656,000, including: for salaries
and expenses of the Office of the Clerk, including not more than
$3,500, of which not more than $2,500 is for the Family Room, for
official representation and reception expenses, ø$16,804,000¿
$15,817,000; for salaries and expenses of the Office of the Sergeant

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
at Arms, including the position of Superintendent of Garages, and
including not more than $750 for official representation and reception
expenses, ø$3,564,000¿ $3,611,000; for salaries and expenses of the
Office of the Chief Administrative Officer, ø$50,727,000¿ $58,829,000,
including ø$27,247,000¿ $25,482,000 for salaries, expenses and temporary personal services of House Information Resources, of which
ø$23,210,000¿ $24,274,000 is provided herein: Provided, That of the
amount provided for House Information Resources, ø$8,253,000¿
$7,330,000 shall be for net expenses of telecommunications: Provided
further, That House Information Resources is authorized to receive
reimbursement from Members of the House of Representatives and
other governmental entities for services provided and such reimbursement shall be deposited in the Treasury for credit to this account;
for salaries and expenses of the Office of the Inspector General,
ø$3,808,000¿ $4,379,000ø, of which $1,000 shall be for the release
of the Inspector General’s Report on Management and Financial
Irregularities—Office of the Chief Administrative Office: Provided further, That all names of persons making favorable or unfavorable
statements in the report shall be expunged¿; for salaries and expenses
of the Office of General Counsel, $840,000; for the Office of the Chaplain, ø$133,000¿ $136,000; for salaries and expenses of the Office
of the Parliamentarian, including the Parliamentarian and $2,000
for preparing the Digest of Rules, ø$1,101,000¿ $1,106,000; for salaries and expenses of the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the
House, ø$1,821,000¿ $1,957,000; for salaries and expenses of the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the House, ø$4,827,000¿ $4,980,000;
for salaries and expenses of the Corrections Calendar Office,
ø$791,000¿ $810,000; and for other authorized employees, ø$780,000¿
$191,000.
ALLOWANCES AND EXPENSES

For allowances and expenses as authorized by House resolution
or law, ø$127,756,000¿ $136,806,000, including: supplies, materials,
administrative costs and Federal tort claims, ø$2,225,000¿
$2,706,000; official mail for committees, leadership offices, and administrative offices of the House, $500,000; Government contributions
for health, retirement, Social Security, and other applicable employee
benefits, ø$124,390,000¿ $132,949,000; and miscellaneous items including purchase, exchange, maintenance, repair and operation of
House motor vehicles, interparliamentary receptions, and gratuities
to heirs of deceased employees of the House, ø$641,000¿ $651,000.
CHILD CARE CENTER

For salaries and expenses of the House of Representatives Child
Care Center, such amounts as are deposited in the account established by section 312(d)(1) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations
Act, 1992 (40 U.S.C. 184g(d)(1)), subject to the level specified in
the budget of the Center, as submitted to the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives. (Congressional Operations
Appropriations Act, 1998.)

øADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS¿
øSEC. 101. The provisions of House Resolution 7, One Hundred
Fifth Congress, agreed to January 7, 1997, establishing the Corrections Calendar Office, shall be the permanent law with respect thereto. The provisions of House Resolution 130, One Hundred Fifth Congress, agreed to April 24, 1997, providing a lump sum allowance
for the Corrections Calendar Office, shall be the permanent law with
respect thereto.¿
øSEC. 102. The funds and accounts specified in section 107(b) of
the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1996 (2 U.S.C. 123b note)
shall be treated as categories of allowances and expenses for purposes
of section 101(a) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1993
(2 U.S.C. 95b(a)).¿
øSEC. 103. (a) Section 109(a) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1996 (2 U.S.C. 60o(a)) is amended—
(1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘who is
separated from employment,’’;
(2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘employee’’
the second place it appears and inserting ‘‘employee or for any
other purpose’’; and
(3) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ‘‘the amount’’ and inserting
‘‘in the case of a lump sum payment for the accrued annual leave
of the employee, the amount’’.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES—Continued

17

(b) The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to fiscal
years beginning on or after October 1, 1997.¿
øSEC. 104. (a) Section 104(c)(2) of the House of Representatives
Administrative Reform Technical Corrections Act (2 U.S.C. 92(c)(2))
is amended by striking ‘‘in the District of Columbia’’.
(b) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply with respect
to fiscal years beginning on or after October 1, 1997.¿
øSEC. 105. (a) Section 204(11)(A) of the House of Representatives
Administrative Reform Technical Corrections Act (110 Stat. 1731)
is amended by striking out ‘‘through ‘respective Houses’ and’’ and
inserting in lieu thereof the following: ‘‘through ‘respective Houses’
the second place it appears and’’.
(b) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect as
of August 20, 1996.¿
øSEC. 106. Section 104(a) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations
Act, 1987 (as incorporated by reference in section 101(j) of Public
Law 99–500 and Public Law 99–591) (2 U.S.C. 117e) is amended—
(1) in the second sentence of paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘A donation’’ and inserting ‘‘Except as provided in paragraph (3), a donation’’;
(2) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (4)
and (5); and
(3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:
‘‘(3)(A) In the case of computer-related equipment, during fiscal
year 1998 the Chief Administrative Officer may donate directly
the equipment to a public elementary or secondary school of the
District of Columbia without regard to whether the donation meets
the requirements of the second sentence of paragraph (2), except
that the total number of workstations donated as a result of this
paragraph may not exceed 1,000.
‘‘(B) In this paragraph—
‘‘(i) the term ‘computer-related equipment’ includes desktops,
laptops, printers, file servers, and peripherals which are appropriate for use in public school education;
‘‘(ii) the terms ‘public elementary school’ and ‘public secondary
school’ have the meaning given such terms in section 14101 of
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965; and
‘‘(iii) the term ‘workstation’ includes desktops and peripherals,
file servers and peripherals, laptops and peripherals, printers
and peripherals, and workstations and peripherals.
‘‘(C) The Committee on House Oversight shall have authority
to issue regulations to carry out this paragraph.’’.¿
øSEC. 107. Title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking
‘‘the Speaker of the House of Representatives’’ each place it appears
in sections 5532(i)(2)(B), 5532(i)(3), 8344(k)(2)(B), 8344(k)(3),
8468(h)(2)(B), and 8468(h)(3) and inserting ‘‘the Committee on House
Oversight of the House of Representatives’’.¿
øSEC. 108. (a) For fiscal year 1998 and each succeeding fiscal year,
the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives is
authorized to make advance payments under a contract or other
agreement to provide a service or deliver an article for the United
States Government without regard to the provisions of section 3324
of title 31, United States Code.
(b) An advance payment authorized by subsection (a) shall be made
in accordance with regulations issued by the Committee on House
Oversight of the House of Representatives.
(c) The authority granted by subsection (a) shall not take effect
until regulations are issued pursuant to subsection (b).¿
øSEC. 109. (a) There is hereby established an account in the House
of Representatives for purposes of making payments of the House
of Representatives to the Employees’ Compensation Fund under section 8147 of title 5, United States Code.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, payments may
be made from the account established under subsection (a) at any
time after the date of the enactment of this Act without regard
to the fiscal year for which the obligation to make such payments
is incurred.
(c) The account established under subsection (a) shall be treated
as a category of allowances and expenses for purposes of section
101(a) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1993 (2 U.S.C.
95b(a)).¿ (Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

18

JOINT ITEMS

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

JOINT ITEMS
For Joint Committees, as follows:
JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE
For salaries and expenses of the Joint Economic Committee,
ø$2,750,000¿ $2,796,000, to be disbursed by the Secretary of the
Senate.

istrative Officer of the House of Representatives: Provided, That,
notwithstanding any other provision of law, the cost of basic training
for the Capitol Police at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center for fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999 shall be paid by the Secretary of
the Treasury from funds available to the Department of the Treasury.
(Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

ADMINISTRATIVE

JOINT COMMITTEE

ON

PRINTING

For salaries and expenses of the Joint Committee on Printing,
$804,000, to be disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate.

JOINT COMMITTEE

ON

TAXATION

For salaries and expenses of the Joint Committee on Taxation,
ø$5,815,500¿ $6,018,000, to be disbursed by the Chief Administrative
Officer of the House.

For other joint items, as follows:
OFFICE

OF THE

ATTENDING PHYSICIAN

For medical supplies, equipment, and contingent expenses of the
emergency rooms, and for the Attending Physician and his assistants,
including: (1) an allowance of $1,500 per month to the Attending
Physician; (2) an allowance of $500 per month each to two medical
officers while on duty in the Office of the Attending Physician; (3)
an allowance of $500 per month to one assistant and $400 per month
each to not to exceed nine assistants on the basis heretofore provided
for such assistants; and (4) $893,000 for reimbursement to the Department of the Navy for expenses incurred for staff and equipment
assigned to the Office of the Attending Physician, which shall be
advanced and credited to the applicable appropriation or appropriations from which such salaries, allowances, and other expenses are
payable and shall be available for all the purposes thereof,
ø$1,266,000¿ $1,383,000, to be disbursed by the Chief Administrative
Officer of the House.

CAPITOL POLICE BOARD
CAPITOL POLICE
SALARIES

For the Capitol Police Board for salaries of officers, members, and
employees of the Capitol Police, including overtime, hazardous duty
pay differential, clothing allowance of not more than $600 each for
members required to wear civilian attire, and Government contributions for health, retirement, Social Security, and other applicable
employee benefits, ø$70,955,000¿ $76,108,000, of which ø$34,118,000¿
$36,603,000 is provided to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of
Representatives, to be disbursed by the Chief Administrative Officer
of the House, and ø$36,837,000¿ $39,505,000 is provided to the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate, to be disbursed by
the Secretary of the Senate: Provided, That, of the amounts appropriated under this heading, such amounts as may be necessary may
be transferred between the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives and the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate,
upon approval of the Committee on Appropriations of the House
of Representatives and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate. (Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)
GENERAL EXPENSES

For the Capitol Police Board for necessary expenses of the Capitol
Police, including motor vehicles, communications and other equipment, security equipment and installation, uniforms, weapons, supplies, materials, training, medical services, forensic services, stenographic services, personal and professional services, the employee
assistance program, not more than $2,000 for the awards program,
postage, telephone service, travel advances, relocation of instructor
and liaison personnel for the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, and $85 per month for extra services performed for the Capitol
Police Board by an employee of the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate
or the House of Representatives designated by the Chairman of the
Board, ø$3,099,000¿ $8,361,000, to be disbursed by the Chief Admin-

øPROVISIONS¿

PROVISION

SEC. ø110¿ 101. Amounts appropriated for fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999
for the Capitol Police Board for the Capitol Police may be transferred
between the headings ‘‘SALARIES’’ and ‘‘GENERAL EXPENSES’’ upon the
approval of—
(1) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, in the case of amounts transferred from the appropriation
provided to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives
under the heading ‘‘SALARIES’’;
(2) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, in the case
of amounts transferred from the appropriation provided to the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate under the heading
‘‘SALARIES’’; and
(3) the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the
House of Representatives, in the case of other transfers.
øSEC. 111. (a)(1) The Capitol Police Board shall establish and maintain unified schedules of rates of basic pay for members and civilian
employees of the Capitol Police which shall apply to both members
and employees whose appointing authority is an officer of the Senate
and members and employees whose appointing authority is an officer
of the House of Representatives.
(2) The Capitol Police Board may, from time to time, adjust any
schedule established under paragraph (1) to the extent that the Board
determines appropriate to reflect changes in the cost of living and
to maintain pay comparability.
(3) A schedule established or revised under paragraph (1) or (2)
shall take effect only upon approval by the Committee on House
Oversight of the House of Representatives and the Committee on
Rules and Administration of the Senate.
(4) A schedule approved under paragraph (3) shall have the force
and effect of law.
(b)(1) The Capitol Police Board shall prescribe, by regulation, a
unified leave system for members and civilian employees of the Capitol Police which shall apply to both members and employees whose
appointing authority is an officer of the Senate and members and
employees whose appointing authority is an officer of the House of
Representatives. The leave system shall include provisions for—
(A) annual leave, based on years of service;
(B) sick leave;
(C) administrative leave;
(D) leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29
U.S.C. 2601 et seq.);
(E) leave without pay and leave with reduced pay, including
provisions relating to contributions for benefits for any period of
such leave;
(F) approval of all leave by the Chief or the designee of the
Chief;
(G) the order in which categories of leave shall be used;
(H) use, accrual, and carryover rules and limitations, including
rules and limitations for any period of active duty in the Armed
Forces;
(I) advance of annual leave or sick leave after a member or
civilian employee has used all such accrued leave;
(J) buy back of annual leave or sick leave used during an extended recovery period in the case of an injury in the performance
of duty;
(K) the use of accrued leave before termination of the employment as a member or civilian employee of the Capitol Police, with
provision for lump sum payment for unused annual leave; and
(L) a leave-sharing program.
(2) The leave system under this section may not provide for the
accrual of either annual or sick leave for any period of leave without
pay or leave with reduced pay.
(3) All provisions of the leave system established under this subsection shall be subject to the approval of the Committee on House
Oversight of the House of Representatives and the Committee on
Rules and Administration of the Senate. All regulations approved
under this subsection shall have the force and effect of law.
(c)(1) Upon the approval of the Capitol Police Board, a member
or civilian employee of the Capitol Police who is separated from

CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
Federal Funds

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
service may be paid a lump sum payment for the accrued annual
leave of the member or civilian employee.
(2) The lump sum payment under paragraph (1)—
(A) shall equal the pay the member or civilian employee would
have received had such member or employee remained in the service until the expiration of the period of annual leave;
(B) shall be paid from amounts appropriated to the Capitol Police;
(C) shall be based on the rate of basic pay in effect with respect
to the member or civilian employee on the last day of service
of the member or civilian employee;
(D) shall not be calculated on the basis of extending the period
of leave described under subparagraph (A) by any holiday occurring
after the date of separation from service;
(E) shall be considered pay for taxation purposes only; and
(F) shall be paid only after the Chairman of the Capitol Police
Board certifies the applicable period of leave to the Secretary of
the Senate or the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of
Representatives, as appropriate.
(3) A member or civilian employee of the Capitol Police who enters
active duty in the Armed Forces may—
(A) receive a lump sum payment for accrued annual leave in
accordance with this subsection, in addition to any pay or allowance
payable from the Armed Forces; or
(B) elect to have the leave remain to the credit of such member
or civilian employee until such member or civilian employee returns
from active duty.
(4) The Capitol Police Board may prescribe regulations to carry
out this subsection. No lump sum payment may be paid under this
subsection until such regulations are approved by the Committee
on Rules and Administration of the Senate and the Committee on
House Oversight of the House of Representatives. All regulations
approved under this subsection shall have the force and effect of
law.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the appointing authority of any officer of the Senate or the House of Representatives.¿

CAPITOL GUIDE SERVICE

AND

SPECIAL SERVICES OFFICE

For salaries and expenses of the Capitol Guide Service and Special
Services Office, ø$1,991,000¿ $2,195,000, to be disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate: Provided, That no part of such amount may
be used to employ more than forty-three individuals: Provided further,
That the Capitol Guide Board is authorized, during emergencies,
to employ not more than two additional individuals for not more
than 120 days each, and not more than ten additional individuals
for not more than six months each, for the Capitol Guide Service.

19

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 09–1600–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

2
–2

2
–2

2
–2

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

3

2

2

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

2
–2

2
–2

2
–2

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

2

2

2

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
2

2
2

2
2

2

2

2

3
2
2
–1 ................... ...................

The Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 (CAA) established an independent Office of Compliance to apply the rights
and protections of the following eleven labor and employment
statutes to covered employees within the legislative branch:
the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, Title VII of the Civil
Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act of
1990, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967,
the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, the Occupational
Safety and Health Act of 1970, chapter 71 of title 5 of the
U.S. Code (relating to Federal service labor-management relations), the Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988, the
Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and chapter 43 of title 38 of the
U.S. Code (relating to veterans’ employment and reemployment).
The Office provides employees with an independent, neutral
dispute resolution process, as an alternative to the court system, through which they may pursue claims under the laws
applied by the CAA. The Office is headed by a five-member
Board of Directors, who are appointed jointly by the House
and Senate majority and minority leadership.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

STATEMENTS

OF

APPROPRIATIONS

For the preparation, under the direction of the Committees on
Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, of
the statements for the øfirst¿ second session of the One Hundred
Fifth Congress, showing appropriations made, indefinite appropriations, and contracts authorized, together with a chronological history
of the regular appropriations bills as required by law, $30,000, to
be paid to the persons designated by the chairmen of such committees
to supervise the work. (Congressional Operations Appropriations Act,
1998.)

1997 actual

Identification code 09–1600–0–1–801

11.1

1998 est.

1999 est.

99.5

Direct obligations: Personnel compensation: Full-time
permanent .................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

2

2

2

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 09–1600–0–1–801

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

19

1998 est.

19

1999 est.

19

OFFICE OF COMPLIANCE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
Federal Funds

AND

EXPENSES

For salaries and expenses of the Office of Compliance, as authorized
by section 305 of the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 (2
U.S.C. 1385), ø$2,479,000¿ $2,286,000. (Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For salaries and expenses necessary to carry out the provisions
of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (Public Law 93–344), including not more than $2,500 to be expended on the certification of

20

CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL

EXPENSES—Continued

Federal Funds

the Director of the Congressional Budget Office in connection with
official representation and reception expenses, ø$24,797,000¿
$25,938,000: Provided, That no part of such amount may be used
for the purchase or hire of a passenger motor vehicle. (2 U.S.C.
601 et seq.; Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

General and special funds:
OFFICE

1997 actual

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations ............................................................
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23

ARCHITECT

OF THE

CAPITOL

SALARIES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 08–0100–0–1–801

OF THE

1998 est.

25

1997 actual

Identification code 01–0100–0–1–801

1999 est.

26

25
25
26
–2 ................... ...................

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

8 ................... ...................

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

8 ................... ...................
–8 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

23
–23

25
–25

26
–26

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

8 ................... ...................

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

25

25

26

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

8 ................... ...................
–8 ................... ...................

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

8 ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

8 ................... ...................
8 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

2
23
–23

2
25
–25

2
26
–26

2

2

2

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

21
2

23
2

24
2

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

23

25

26

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

25
23

25
25

26
26

The Congressional Budget Office was created by Title II
of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act
of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) to provide assistance to Congress in fulfilling its responsibilities to ensure effective congressional control over the budgetary process; to determine
each year the appropriate level of Federal revenues and expenditures; and to establish national budget priorities.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 08–0100–0–1–801

11.1
11.3
11.9
12.1
25.2
25.3

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
15
Other than full-time permanent ............................... ...................

1999 est.

16
1

17
1

17
4
1

18
5
1

31.0

1
1

1
1

1
1

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

22
1

24
26
1 ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

23

25

26

Personnel Summary

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 actual

227

1997 actual

Identification code 01–0100–0–1–801

1998 est.

232

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................

7 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

8 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0100–0–1–801

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

AND

1998 est.

1999 est.

138 ................... ...................

GROUNDS

CAPITOL BUILDINGS

15
4
1

1011

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

CAPITOL BUILDINGS
1998 est.

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

Identification code 08–0100–0–1–801

Note.—The 1998 and 1999 budget authority for activities previously financed in this
account is included in the ‘‘Capitol buildings, salaries and expenses’’ account.

1999 est.

232

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

For salaries for the Architect of the Capitol, the Assistant Architect
of the Capitol, and other personal services, at rates of pay provided
by law; for surveys and studies in connection with activities under
the care of the Architect of the Capitol; for all necessary expenses
for the maintenance, care and operation of the Capitol and electrical
substations of the Senate and House office buildings under the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol, including furnishings and
office equipment, including not more than $1,000 for official reception
and representation expenses, to be expended as the Architect of the
Capitol may approve; for purchase or exchange, maintenance and
operation of a passenger motor vehicle; and not to exceed $20,000
for attendance, when specifically authorized by the Architect of the
Capitol, at meetings or conventions in connection with subjects related to work under the Architect of the Capitol, ø$36,977,000¿
$55,342,000, of which ø$7,500,000¿ $19,505,000 shall remain available until expended. (5 U.S.C. 5304, 5306, 5318, 5341–5344, 5346,
5349; 40 U.S.C. 161, 162, 162a, 163, 163a, 166, 166a–1, 166b–2,
166b–3b, 166f; 105 Stat. 459–460; 107 Stat. 1043–1044; 108 Stat.
1443–1447; Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0105–0–1–801

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

25

1998 est.

22.00
23.95
24.40

1999 est.

40

40.00
8
23

6
37

3
55

31
–25

43
–40

59
–49

6

3

10

23

37

55

8
25
–23

10
40
–47

3
49
–47

10

3

4

18
5

32
15

41
6

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

23

47

47

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

23
23

37
47

55
47

Included in this presentation are ‘‘Contingent expenses’’ and
‘‘Alterations and improvements, buildings and grounds, to provide facilities for the physically handicapped.’’

1997 actual

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Benefits for former personnel ........................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ......................
Supplies and materials .................................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

6
1

1998 est.

1011

15
1

16
1

7
16
4
6
1
1
1
1
11
16
1 ...................

17
7
1
1
22
1

25

49

1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

40

256

1998 est.

1999 est.

388

388

CAPITOL GROUNDS

For all necessary expenses for care and improvement of grounds
surrounding the Capitol, the Senate and House office buildings, and
the Capitol Power Plant, ø$5,116,000¿ $26,623,000, of which
ø$745,000¿ $20,525,000 shall remain available until expended. (5
U.S.C. 5304, 5306, 5318, 5341–5344, 5346, 5349; 40 U.S.C. 162, 166a–
1, 166b–3b, 184a, 193a, 223; 108 Stat. 1443–1447; Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

27

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
1 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
4
5
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–5
–4
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
1

1
11
–11

72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

89.00
90.00

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

1

4
4
1 ...................

10
1

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

5

4

11

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

5
5

5
4

27
11

1997 actual

4

1997 actual

Identification code 01–0108–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
25.2

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................

2
1
1

2
1
2

3
1
7

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

4

5

11

Personnel Summary
Identification code 01–0108–0–1–801

1011

1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

77

1998 est.

75

1999 est.

75

SENATE OFFICE BUILDINGS

For all necessary expenses for maintenance, care and operation
of Senate office buildings; and furniture and furnishings to be expended under the control and supervision of the Architect of the
Capitol, ø$52,021,000¿ $55,756,000, of which ø$13,200,000¿
$14,775,000 shall remain available until expendedø: Provided, That
appropriations under this heading for management personnel and
miscellaneous restaurant expenses hereafter shall be transferred at
the beginning of each fiscal year to the special deposit account in
the United States Treasury established under Public Law 87–82,
approved July 6, 1961, as amended (40 U.S.C. 174j–4), and effective
October 1, 1997, all management personnel of the Senate Restaurant
facilities shall be paid from the special deposit account. Management
personnel transferred hereunder shall be paid at the same rates
of pay applicable immediately prior to the date of transfer, and annual and sick leave balances shall be credited to leave accounts
of such personnel in the Senate Restaurants¿. (5 U.S.C. 5304, 5306,
5318, 5341–5344, 5346, 5349; 40 U.S.C. 166a–1, 166b–2, 166b–3b,
174b, 174b–1, 174c, 174j–1, 174j–8, 185a; 86 Stat. 443; 88 Stat. 206;
89 Stat. 832–833; 104 Stat. 2267; 105 Stat. 459–460; 106 Stat. 849–
850; 107 Stat. 267–268; 108 Stat. 1443–1447; Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 01–0123–0–1–801

10.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 01–0108–0–1–801

5

1999 est.

Personnel Summary
Identification code 01–0105–0–1–801

16

5

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.9
12.1
13.0
23.2
25.4
26.0

27
–11

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

11.1
11.5

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

87.00

86.90
86.93

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
5
5
New obligations .............................................................
–4
–5
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ................... ...................

49

72.40

Identification code 01–0105–0–1–801

21

1998 est.

1999 est.

5

11

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

1997 actual

42

1998 est.

45

1999 est.

58

21.40

5
2
9
40
52
56
–1 ................... ...................

22

ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued

22.00

New budget authority (gross) ........................................

32

37

43

CAPITOL BUILDINGS

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

38
–32

42
–38

47
–41

5

4

6

33

37

44

10
32
–33

9
38
–44

3
41
–41

9

3

3

AND

GROUNDS—Continued

SENATE OFFICE BUILDINGS—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0123–0–1–801

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

1998 est.

1999 est.

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

44
–42

9

7

40

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

65
–58

2

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

54
–45

52

56

72.40

15
42
–44

13
45
–53

5
58
–58

13

5

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

26
7

30
14

34
7

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

33

44

41

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

32
33

37
44

43
41

5

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

35
9

38
15

44
14

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

44

53

58

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

40
44

52
53

56
58

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

This presentation includes the House of Representatives
gymnasium fund.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0127–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.5

16
3

18
3

19
3

11.9
12.1
25.4
26.0

This presentation includes the Senate restaurant fund.

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................
Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ......................
Supplies and materials .................................................

19
4
8
1

21
5
11
1

22
5
13
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

32

38

41

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0123–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

16
3

18
3

19
3

11.9
12.1
23.3
25.4
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Operation and maintenance of facilities ......................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

19
4
7
9
1
2

21
5
7
10
1
1

22
5
7
21
1
2

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

42

45

58

Personnel Summary
Identification code 01–0123–0–1–801

1011

609

1998 est.

1999 est.

609

609

HOUSE OFFICE BUILDINGS

For all necessary expenses for the maintenance, care and operation
of the House office buildings, ø$36,610,000¿ $43,798,000, of which
ø$8,082,000¿ $11,449,000 shall remain available until expended. (5
U.S.C. 5304, 5306, 5318, 5341–5344, 5346, 5349; 40 U.S.C. 166a–
1, 166b–2, 166b–3b, 174k, 175; 45 Stat. 1071–1072; 69 Stat. 41–
42; 86 Stat. 222; 87 Stat. 1079; 89 Stat. 12; 95 Stat. 64; 102 Stat.
2170; 105 Stat. 460; 108 Stat. 1443–1447; Congressional Operations
Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

10.00

21.40

1997 actual

Identification code 01–0127–0–1–801

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

658

1998 est.

649

1999 est.

649

CAPITOL POWER PLANT
1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

Identification code 01–0127–0–1–801

Personnel Summary

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

32

38

41

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

6

5

4

For all necessary expenses for the maintenance, care and operation
of the Capitol Power Plant; lighting, heating, power (including the
purchase of electrical energy) and water and sewer services for the
Capitol, Senate and House office buildings, Library of Congress buildings, and the grounds about the same, Botanic Garden, Senate garage, and air conditioning refrigeration not supplied from plants in
any of such buildings; heating the Government Printing Office and
Washington City Post Office, and heating and chilled water for air
conditioning for the Supreme Court Building, the Union Station complex, the Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building and the
Folger Shakespeare Library, expenses for which shall be advanced
or reimbursed upon request of the Architect of the Capitol and
amounts so received shall be deposited into the Treasury to the
credit of this appropriation, ø$33,932,000¿ $40,379,000, of which
ø$1,650,000¿ $7,100,000 shall remain available until expended: Provided, That not more than $4,000,000 of the funds credited or to
be reimbursed to this appropriation as herein provided shall be available for obligation during fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999. (5 U.S.C. 5304,
5306, 5341–5344, 5346, 5349; 40 U.S.C. 166a–1, 185; 33 Stat. 479;
34 Stat. 36; 42 Stat. 767–768; 44 Stat. 1262; 45 Stat. 1071–1072;
45 Stat. 1694–1696; 46 Stat. 51; 46 Stat. 583–584; 50 Stat. 9–10;
52 Stat. 392; 62 Stat. 1028–1029; 63 Stat. 933–934; 68 Stat. 803;
69 Stat. 41; 79 Stat. 987; 85 Stat. 637; 86 Stat. 1510; 91 Stat.
1374; 95 Stat. 1672; 102 Stat. 2170, 2331; 103 Stat. 1280–1282; 108
Stat. 1443–1447; P.L. 105–144; Congressional Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

LIBRARY BUILDINGS

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0133–0–1–801

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

31
4

34
4

37
4

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

35

38

41

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1
35

1
38

1
44

36
–35

39
–38

45
–41

1

1

3

For all necessary expenses for the mechanical and structural maintenance, care and operation of the Library buildings and grounds,
ø$11,573,000¿ $16,139,000, of which ø$3,910,000¿ $3,710,000 shall
remain available until expended. (2 U.S.C. 141; 5 U.S.C. 5304, 5306,
5341–5344, 5346, 5349; 40 U.S.C. 166a–1; 46 Stat. 583–584; 79 Stat.
987; 105 Stat. 459–460; 107 Stat. 1043–1044; 108 Stat. 1443–1447;
P.L. 105–144; Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)

21.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

GROUNDS

STRUCTURAL AND MECHANICAL CARE

1999 est.

00.01
09.01

23.90
23.95
24.40

AND

23

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0155–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

10

16

17

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

7
10

7
12

3
16

17
–10

19
–16

19
–17

7

3

2

10

12

16

12
10
–14

7
16
–22

1
17
–17

7

1

1

10.00

21.40

31

34

40

4

4

4

35

38

44

72.40

4
4
4
35
38
41
–36
–38
–41
1 ................... ...................
4

4

4

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

28
4
3
1

29
32
4
5
3
3
1 ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

36

38

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

7
7

9
13

14
3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

14

22

17

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

10
14

12
22

16
17

41

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–4

–4

–4

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

31
32

34
34

40
37

89.00
90.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0155–0–1–801

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 01–0133–0–1–801

1998 est.

3
1

3
1

25.4
26.0

24
3
3

24
6
3

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

31
4

34
4

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

35

38

41

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

5
1

5
1

5
1

11.9
12.1
25.4
26.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ......................
Supplies and materials .................................................

6
1
2
1

6
1
8
1

6
1
9
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

10

16

17

37
4

Personnel Summary
Identification code 01–0155–0–1–801

1011

Personnel Summary
Identification code 01–0133–0–1–801

Direct:
1011 Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................
Reimbursable:
2011 Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.5

1999 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
3
Civilian personnel benefits ....................................... ...................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
23
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
2
Supplies and materials .............................................
3

11.1
12.1
23.3

1998 est.

1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

146

1998 est.

144

1999 est.

144

1999 est.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION
79

78

78

20

19

19

SEC. 207. For fiscal year 1999, the amounts to be transferred to
the Architect of the Capitol pursuant to sections 3 and 4 of Public
Law 105–144, approved December 15, 1997, may not exceed
$2,500,000.

24

ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

Intragovernmental funds:

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

JUDICIARY OFFICE BUILDING DEVELOPMENT

AND

OPERATIONS FUND

(TECHNICAL ADJUSTMENT TO LEGISLATIVE BRANCH REQUEST)

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

09.01
09.01

Obligations by program activity:
Project management ......................................................
Interest ...........................................................................

5
16

6
15

1999 est.

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

21

21

Other services ................................................................
Interest and dividends ...................................................

5
16

6
15

6
15

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

21

21

21

6
15
21

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1998 est.

25.2
43.0

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 01–4518–0–4–801

1997 actual

Identification code 01–4518–0–4–801

Trust Funds
GIFTS

AND

DONATIONS

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

503
21

503
21

503
21

524
–21

524
–21

524
–21

503

503

503

23
–2

23
–2

23
–2

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

21

21

21

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

21

21

21

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
68.90
70.00

1997 actual

Identification code 01–8189–0–7–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ...................
2
Receipts:
02.01 Gifts and donations ....................................................... ...................
2 ...................
04.00

Total: Balances and collections .................................... ...................
2
2
Appropriation:
05.01 Gifts and donations ....................................................... ................... ...................
–2
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ...................
2 ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 01–8189–0–7–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00
21
–21

21
–21

21
–21

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

21

21

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................ ................... ...................

2

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

2
–2

60.27

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................ ................... ...................

2

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................

2
–2

21

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Federal sources—Lease Payment ....................
88.00
Federal sources—Project Management ...........

–17
–6

–17
–6

–17
–6

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–23

–23

–23

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

2

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

–2
–2

–2
–2

–2
–2

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

2
2

The Judiciary Office Building Development Act, Public Law
100–480, among other purposes, authorizes the Architect of
the Capitol to contract for the design and construction of
a building adjacent to Union Station in the District of Columbia to be leased to the Judicial Branch of the United States.
This schedule reflects the costs associated with the construction of the building. Costs of construction were financed by
an initial $125 million of Federal agency debt (sales price
less unamortized discount) issued in 1989.
Estimates prepared by the Legislative Branch assumed the
financial arrangements to be a lease-purchase, which would
distribute outlays associated with acquisition of the building
over a period of thirty years. However, the arrangements
involve federally guaranteed financing and other characteristics that make them substantively the same as direct federal
construction, financed by direct federal borrowing. Because
estimated expenditures of the Legislative Branch are required
to be included in the budget as submitted and without
change, this separate schedule is included as an adjustment
to reflect direct construction costs and associated interest
costs, consistent with standard budget concepts and scoring
conventions.
Estimates shown are consistent with the requirements of
the Budget Enforcement Act and are presented with the
agreement of the Budget and Appropriations Committees.

BOTANIC GARDEN
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For all necessary expenses for the maintenance, care and operation
of the Botanic Garden and the nurseries, buildings, grounds, and
collections; and purchase and exchange, maintenance, repair, and
operation of a passenger motor vehicle; all under the direction of
the Joint Committee on the Library, ø$3,016,000¿ $3,235,000. (5
U.S.C. 5304, 5306, 5341–5344, 5346, 5349; 40 U.S.C. 166a–1, 216,
216b, 216c; 108 Stat. 1443–1447; Legislative Branch Appropriations
Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 09–0200–0–1–801

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

3

36

3

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
36

34
3

1
3

21.40

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Federal Funds

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

36
–3

37
–36

4
–3

34

1

1

25

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

1

8 ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
1
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

8 ...................
8 ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation ..................................................................
40.15 Appropriation (emergency) .............................................

3
3
3
33 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

36

3

3

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

36

3

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

1
3
–3

1
36
–7

30
3
–23

1

30

10

Pursuant to 40 U.S.C. 216c, as amended, the Architect of
the Capitol, subject to the direction of the Joint Committee
on the Library, is authorized to construct a National Garden
and to solicit and accept certain gifts on behalf of the United
States Botanic Garden for the purpose of constructing the
National Garden or for the general benefit of the Botanic
Garden and for the renovation of the Botanic Garden conservatory, to deposit such gift funds in the Treasury of the United
States and, subject to approval in appropriations Acts, to
obligate and expend such sums.

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
3
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

3
4

3
20

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Federal Funds

72.40

86.90
86.93
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

7

23

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

36
3

3
7

3
23

General and special funds:

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 09–0200–0–1–801

11.1
12.1
25.2
99.9

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
2
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
1
Other services ................................................................ ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

3

1998 est.

1999 est.

2
2
1
1
33 ...................
36

3

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 09–0200–0–1–801

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

51

1998 est.

1999 est.

50

50

Trust Funds
GIFTS

AND

DONATIONS

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 09–8292–0–7–801

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Botanic Garden ..............................................................
1
8
Appropriation:
05.01 Botanic Garden: Gifts and donations ............................
–1
–8
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ...................
01.99

...................
...................
...................
...................

SALARIES

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................

1

8 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

1
–1

8 ...................
–8 ...................

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

1

8 ...................

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

1
–1

8 ...................
–8 ...................

10.00

EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 09–8292–0–7–801

AND

For necessary expenses of the Library of Congress not otherwise
provided for, including development and maintenance of the Union
Catalogs; custody and custodial care of the Library buildings; special
clothing; cleaning, laundering and repair of uniforms; preservation
of motion pictures in the custody of the Library; operation and maintenance of the American Folklife Center in the Library; preparation
and distribution of catalog records and other publications of the Library; hire or purchase of one passenger motor vehicle; and expenses
of the Library of Congress Trust Fund Board not properly chargeable
to the income of any trust fund held by the Board, ø$227,016,000¿
$239,415,000, of which not more than ø$7,869,000¿ $6,500,000 shall
be derived from collections credited to this appropriation during fiscal
year ø1998¿ 1999, and shall remain available until expended, under
the Act of June 28, 1902 (chapter 1301; 32 Stat. 480; 2 U.S.C. 150):
Provided, That the Library of Congress may not obligate or expend
any funds derived from collections under the Act of June 28, 1902,
in excess of the amount authorized for obligation or expenditure
in appropriations Acts: Provided further, That the total amount available for obligation shall be reduced by the amount by which collections are less than the ø$7,869,000¿ $6,500,000: Provided further,
That of the total amount appropriated, ø$9,619,000¿ $10,119,000 is
to remain available until expended for acquisition of books, periodicals, newspapers, and all other materials including subscriptions for
bibliographic services for the Library, including $40,000 to be available solely for the purchase, when specifically approved by the Librarian, of special and unique materials for additions to the collections:
Provided further, That of the total amount appropriated, ø$5,584,000¿
$3,544,000 is to remain available until expended for the acquisition
and partial support for implementation of an integrated library system (ILS). (2 U.S.C. 131–182; 5 U.S.C. 5102, 5305, 5318, 7901–7903;
17 U.S.C. 201–205; 20 U.S.C. 91, 2101–2107; 28 U.S.C. 2672; 36
U.S.C. 5701–5708; 44 U.S.C. 1718, 1719; Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)

Identification code 03–0101–0–1–503

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Library services .........................................................
00.02
Law library .................................................................
00.03
Management support services ..................................

129
6
73

137
6
80

141
7
85

00.91
09.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

208
73

223
97

233
93

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

281

320

326

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

5
281

5
316

1
326

21.40

26

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 03–0101–0–1–503

22.30

Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

–1 ................... ...................
285
–281

321
–320

327
–326

5

1

1

Library of Congress and functions as the foreign and international law research arm of the United States Congress.
Management support services.—This activity supports the
executive staff of the Office of the Librarian: budget and
finance; human resources; contracts and logistics; buildings
management; automation; and other centralized services. It
also includes rental of space off Capitol Hill.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 03–0101–0–1–503

11.1
11.3
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

133
1
1

138
1
1

Total personnel compensation .........................
130
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
24
Benefits for former personnel ................................... ...................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
1
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
2
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
3
Printing and reproduction .........................................
4
Advisory and assistance services .............................
2
Other services ............................................................
9
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
4
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
3
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
4
Supplies and materials .............................................
2
Equipment .................................................................
20

135
26
1
1
3

140
27
1
1
3

6
6
4
7

7
6
3
9

3
3
5
2
21

3
3
5
2
23

208
73

223
97

233
93

281

320

326

219

233

73

97

93

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

281

316

326

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.40
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

74
39

72
39

72
39

113
281
–282

111
320
–320

111
326
–327

74.40
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

72
39

72
39

72
39

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

111

111

111

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

160
169
46
76
43
75
33 ...................

180
64
72
11

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

282

327

Identification code 03–0101–0–1–503

70.00

72.99
73.10
73.20

320

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................
88.45
Offsetting governmental collections .....................

–5
–68

–8
–89

–6
–87

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–73

–97

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

208
208

219
223

233
234

25.4
25.7
26.0
31.0

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................
Reimbursable:
2011 Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

–93

89.00
90.00

24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3

1999 est.

127
1
2

208

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.1
23.3

1998 est.

1011

2,670

2,705

2,721

135

140

140

COPYRIGHT OFFICE
SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Personal services and necessary expenses to provide support
for the basic operations of the Library are financed from
this appropriation.
Library services.—Library Services has as its mission the
acquisition of materials; the cataloging, classification, and
preparation of materials for use; serving the public and maintaining and managing the Library’s universal collections,
which are the largest in the world; and, the preservation
of materials for use now and in the future. It also develops,
produces, markets, and distributes the printed catalog
records, cataloging data in machine-readable form, book catalogs, technical publications and selected bibliographies made
available from the automated data bases. It contributes directly to the Nation’s educational intellectual life through programs that interpret the Library’s resources and promotes
the use of its unparalleled collections. Library Services provides many basic technical services to the Library of Congress
as well as the world’s research and library communities. Finally, this program coordinates Federal library and information resources.
Law library.—The Law Library is responsible for the custody, development, and service of the law collection of the

For necessary expenses of the Copyright Office, øincluding publication of the decisions of the United States courts involving copyrights,
$34,361,000¿ $35,269,000, of which not more than ø$17,340,000¿
$16,000,000, to remain available until expended, shall be derived
from collections credited to this appropriation during fiscal year
ø1998¿ 1999 under 17 U.S.C. 708(d)ø, and¿: Provided, That the Copyright Office may not obligate or expend any funds derived from collections under 17 U.S.C. 708(d), in excess of the amount authorized
for obligation or expenditure in appropriation Acts: Provided further,
That not more than ø$5,086,000¿ $5,170,000 shall be derived from
collections during fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999 under 17 U.S.C. 111(d)(2),
119(b)(2), 802(h), and 1005: Provided further, That the total amount
available for obligation shall be reduced by the amount by which
collections are less than ø$22,426,000¿ $21,170,000: Provided further,
That not more than $100,000 of the amount appropriated is available
for the maintenance of an ‘‘International Copyright Institute’’ in the
Copyright Office of the Library of Congress for the purpose of training
nationals of developing countries in intellectual property laws and
policies: Provided further, That not more than $2,250 may be expended, on the certification of the Librarian of Congress, in connection with official representation and reception expenses for activities
of the International Copyright Institute. (17 U.S.C. 101–710, 801–
803, 901–914; 5 U.S.C. 5305; 2 U.S.C. 169; Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 03–0102–0–1–376

1998 est.

Copyright Royalty Tribunal and now administered by the
Copyright Office and the Library of Congress; this involves
the convening of arbitration panels for rate making and distribution of royalties under various compulsory licenses of
the copyright law.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Registration, recordation, cataloging, acquisitions,
and public reference .................................................
26
00.02 Licensing ........................................................................
3
00.03 Arbitration royalty panels .............................................. ...................

29
3
2

30
3
2

10.00

34

35

00.01

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

29

29
–29

34
–34

27

35
–35

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

11

12

14

18

22

21

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

29

34

35

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

2
29
–28

3
34
–35
3

5

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

8
2
18

11
2
22

28

35

11.1
11.5
11.9
12.1
23.3
24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3

35

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

20
22
23
1 ................... ...................

Total personnel compensation ..............................
21
22
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
4
4
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1
1
Printing and reproduction .............................................. ...................
2
Advisory and assistance services .................................. ...................
1
Other services ................................................................
1
2
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
1
1
Supplies and materials ................................................. ................... ...................
Equipment ......................................................................
1
1

23
4
1
1
1
2

13
1
21

87.00

1997 actual

Identification code 03–0102–0–1–376

3
35
–35

3

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

26.0
31.0
99.9

72.40

Total obligations ........................................................

29

34

1
1
1
35

Personnel Summary
Identification code 03–0102–0–1–376

1011

1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

494

1998 est.

1999 est.

510

516

CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–18

–22

–21

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

11
10

12
13

14
14

89.00
90.00

The Office is conducted for the most part on a self-sustaining basis. The amount requested is substantially counterbalanced by fees received for services rendered and the value
of books and other library materials deposited in accordance
with the Copyright Act and transferred to the Library of
Congress. The income and obligations for 1997, and estimates
for 1998 and 1999 are as follows:
Income:
Gross receipts ............................................................
Estimated value of materials deposited and transferred to the Library of Congress .........................
Total income .....................................................
Obligations .....................................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 203
of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 (2 U.S.C. 166) and
to revise and extend the Annotated Constitution of the United States
of America, ø$64,603,000¿ $68,461,000: Provided, That no part of
such amount may be used to pay any salary or expense in connection
with any publication, or preparation of material therefor (except the
Digest of Public General Bills), to be issued by the Library of Congress unless such publication has obtained prior approval of either
the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives
or the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate: Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the
compensation of the Director of the Congressional Research Service,
Library of Congress, shall be at an annual rate which is equal to
the annual rate of basic pay for positions at level IV of the Executive
Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code. (2 U.S.C.
166, 168–168d, 169; 5 U.S.C. 5305, 5318; Congressional Operations
Appropriations Act, 1998.)

1999 est.

$18,158,869

$22,426,000

24,677,483

25,000,000

25,000,000

42,836,352

47,426,000

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

$21,170,000

46,170,000

28,855,958

34,361,000

35,269,000

Registration, recordation, cataloging, acquisitions, and public reference.—The Copyright Office is responsible for registering and recording copyright claims, assignments, and renewals, for supplying copyright information to the public, for collecting and accounting for copyright fees, and for publishing
complete and indexed catalogs for each class of copyright entries. These activities are predicated on an estimated 600,000
copyright registrations during 1999, an estimated 572,487
during 1998, and registrations of 569,226 during 1997.
Licensing division.—The Licensing Division performs the
responsibilities connected with the licensing activities of cable
television stations and satellite carriers and the licensing of
digital audio recording devices and media.
Arbitration royalty panels.—This activity shares with the
Register’s Office the responsibilities formerly entrusted to the

Identification code 03–0127–0–1–801

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03

Obligations by program activity:
Policy analysis and research .........................................
Information and legislative documentation ..................
Executive direction and support ....................................

38
16
9

40
16
9

42
17
9

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

63

65

68

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

63
–63

65
–65

68
–68

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

63

65

68

7
63
–64

5
65
–64

6
68
–67

5

6

6

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

28

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
23.95

New obligations .............................................................

–45

–47

–48

40.00

General and special funds—Continued

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

45

47

48

29
45
–46

27
47
–47

26
48
–48

27

26

26

CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
SALARIES AND EXPENSES—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

1997 actual

Identification code 03–0127–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

58
6

59
5

62
5

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

64

64

67
86.90
86.93

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

63
64

65
64

68
67

The Congressional Research Service works exclusively and
directly for all Members and committees of Congress in support of their legislative, oversight, and representative functions. The Service provides research, analysis, and informational services that are timely, objective, nonpartisan, and
confidential. The CRS staff responds to and anticipates congressional needs and addresses policy issues in an interdisciplinary, integrative manner. The Service maintains close
ties with the Congress and, consistent with its broad congressional mandate, provides a wide variety of services with the
goal of contributing to an informed national legislature.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 03–0127–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.3

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................

11.9
12.1
23.3
25.1
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
47
49
52
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
8
10
10
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1
2
2
Advisory and assistance services ..................................
1 ................... ...................
Other services ................................................................
1
2
2
Supplies and materials ................................................. ...................
2
2
Equipment ......................................................................
2 ................... ...................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

46
1

48
1

51
1

60
65
68
3 ................... ...................
63

65

68

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 03–0127–0–1–801

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

726

1998 est.

747

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

21
25

23
24

23
25

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

46

47

48

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

45
46

47
47

48
48

The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically
Handicapped (NLS) is responsible for administering a national program to provide reading material for blind and physically handicapped residents of the United States, its outlying
areas, and for U.S. citizens residing abroad.
Direct service to users.—During the past five-year period,
1993 through 1997, the blind and physically handicapped
readership throughout the country has grown from 767,800
to 782,500 and circulation from approximately 21,802,200
units (volumes and containers) to almost 23,300,000.
Support services.—A variety of professional, technical, and
clerical functions are performed by the NLS staff. A combined
total of 18,500 interlibrary loan searches and requests for
information concerning library and related services available
to the blind and to other physically handicapped persons were
received in 1997.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
12.1
23.1
24.0
25.2
25.5
25.7
26.0
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Research and development contracts ...........................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
45
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

FOR THE

BLIND

AND

767

Total obligations ........................................................

For salaries and expenses to carry out the Act of March 3, 1931
(chapter 400; 46 Stat. 1487; 2 U.S.C. 135a), ø$46,561,000¿
$48,145,000, of which ø$12,944,000¿ $14,194,000 shall remain available until expended. (2 U.S.C. 135a, 135a–1, 135b, 169; 5 U.S.C.
5305; Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

FURNITURE

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1998 est.

45

1997 actual

Identification code 03–0141–0–1–503

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

1997 actual

1999 est.

46
1

47
1

47

48

Personnel Summary

PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED

Identification code 03–0141–0–1–503

1998 est.

5
6
6
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
1 ................... ...................
1
1
1
2
2
2
30
31
32

1999 est.

99.9

BOOKS

1997 actual

Identification code 03–0141–0–1–503

1999 est.

AND

119

1998 est.

1999 est.

121

121

FURNISHINGS

For necessary expenses for the purchase, installation, maintenance,
and repair of furniture, furnishings, office and library equipment,
ø$4,178,000¿ $5,712,000. (2 U.S.C. 141, 169; Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Direct service to users ...................................................
Support services ............................................................

36
9

38
9

39
9

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

45

47

48

Identification code 03–0146–0–1–503

22.00

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

45

47

48

00.01

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
Replacement furniture and furnishings ........................

1997 actual

5

1998 est.

1999 est.

4

6

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
00.02
10.00

Jefferson and Adams Buildings, furniture and furnishings ............................................................................

2

3

1

Total obligations ........................................................

7

7

7

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

29

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

U.S. Securities:
Par value ...............................................................
Unrealized discounts .............................................

641
–3

731
–4

556
–3

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

639
231

727
238

554
268

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
870
New obligations .............................................................
–142
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
U.S. Securities:
Par value ...............................................................
731
Unrealized discounts .............................................
–4

965
–412

822
–255

1

1

556
–3

570
–3

6
5

4
4

1
6

23.90
23.95

11
–7

8
–7

7
–7

24.40

4

1 ...................

5

4

24.41
24.42
24.99

4
7
–7

3
7
–7

4
7
–8

3

4

3

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

2
5

2
5

3
5

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

7

7

8

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

5
7

4
7

6
8

This activity provides for the purchase, installation, maintenance, and repair of furniture, furnishings, and office and
library equipment to support Library operations.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1998 est.

727

554

568

60.25

1997 actual

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

231

238

268

6

86.90
86.93

Identification code 03–0146–0–1–503

21.41
21.42

1999 est.

31.0
31.0

Equipment:
Furniture and equipment ..........................................
Furnishings in Jefferson and Adams Buildings ........

5
2

4
3

6
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

7

7

7

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
72.40

–1 ................... ...................
142
412
255
–142
–412
–255

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

3
139

5
407

5
250

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

142

412

255

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

231
142

238
412

268
255

The receipts from cable television stations, jukebox licenses,
satellite carriers, and digital audio devices are disbursed to
the copyright owners through this appropriation after deduction of administrative costs for the Copyright Office Licensing
Division. Disbursements are made in accordance with the
schedule established in Public Law 94–553, as amended.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 03–5175–0–2–376

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

TO

Other services ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

3
139

5
407

5
250

99.9

PAYMENTS

25.2
41.0

Total obligations ........................................................

142

412

255

COPYRIGHT OWNERS

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 03–5175–0–2–376

1997 actual

1998 est.

COOPERATIVE ACQUISITIONS PROGRAM REVOLVING FUND

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Fees from jukebox and cable television, Copyright
Office .........................................................................
199
210
240
02.02 Interest on investments in public debt securities,
Copyright Office .........................................................
32
28
28

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

01.99

Identification code 03–4325–0–3–503

09.00

Obligations by program activity:
Reimbursable program .................................................. ...................

3

3

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

3

3

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

3
–3

3
–3

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

3

3

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

3
–3

3
–3

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................

3

3

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

3

3

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

1998 est.

68.00

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Licensing costs ..............................................................
3
00.02 Arbitration royalty panels .............................................. ...................
00.03 Payments to copyright owners .......................................
139

3
2
407

3
2
250

10.00

412

255

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested .................................................................

1999 est.

87.00

Total receipts .............................................................
231
238
268
Appropriation:
05.01 Payments to copyright owners .......................................
–231
–238
–268
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

1998 est.

86.97

02.99

Identification code 03–5175–0–2–376

1997 actual

142

1 ...................

1

30

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
COOPERATIVE ACQUISITIONS PROGRAM REVOLVING FUND—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1997 actual

Identification code 03–4325–0–3–503

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ...................

1998 est.

1999 est.

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

6
21
–20

5
23
–21

7
23
–21

5

7

7

–3

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

This schedule covers funds received for the acquisition of
foreign research materials for participating institutions
through the Library’s overseas offices.

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

19
1

20
1

20
1

87.00

–3

86.97
86.98

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

20

21

21

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

25
20

23
21

23
21

Distribution of budget authority by account:
Library of Congress trust funds .............................................
Library of Congress gift funds ...............................................
Service fees .............................................................................

12
5
8

11
3
9

11
3
9

Distribution of outlays by account:
Library of Congress trust funds .............................................
Library of Congress gift funds ...............................................
Service fees .............................................................................

9
4
7

9
5
7

9
5
7

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 03–4325–0–3–503

1998 est.

1999 est.

31.0
99.5

Reimbursable obligations: Equipment ........................... ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

2
1

2
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

3

3

Trust Funds
GIFT

AND

TRUST FUND ACCOUNTS

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 03–9971–0–7–503

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.02 Contributions to Library of Congress gift fund .............
5
3
3
02.03 Contributions, Library of Congress permanent loan
account ......................................................................
10
10
10
02.04 Interest, Library of Congress permanent loan account
2
1
1
02.06 Deposits, service fees, Library of Congress ..................
8
9
9
01.99

02.99

Total receipts .............................................................
25
23
23
Appropriation:
05.01 Gift and trust fund accounts ........................................
–25
–23
–23
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 03–9971–0–7–503

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04

Obligations by program activity:
Acquisition of library materials .....................................
Research, reader and reference services ......................
Organization and control of the collections ..................
Public programs .............................................................

2
13
1
5

3
14
1
5

3
14
1
5

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

21

23

23

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested .................................................................
21.41
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................

16
18

19
19

19
19

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

34
25

38
23

38
23

23.90
23.95

59
–21

61
–23

61
–23

24.40
24.41

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................

19
19

19
19

19
19

24.99

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

38

38

38

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

25

23

23

This schedule covers (1) funds received as gifts for immediate expenditure, and receipts from the sale of recordings,
publications, photoduplication and other materials financed
from capital originally received as gifts, (2) income from investments held by or for the Library of Congress Trust Fund
Board, and (3) interest paid by the Treasury on the principal
funds deposited therewith as described under ‘‘Library of Congress Trust Fund, Principal Accounts’’.
Acquisition of library materials.—This includes the procurement of manuscripts, maps, fine prints, rare books, and other
library materials for the Library of Congress. This also includes the acquisition and distribution of Government documents for the Library of Congress and cooperating libraries.
Research, reader and reference services.—This includes research services for the Congress. This also includes preparing
bibliographies, indexes, digests, and checklists; surveys of bibliographic services; and providing photocopies, photographs,
microfilm, and other forms of photoduplication to other Government agencies, libraries and other institutions, and to the
general public.
Organization and control of the collections.—This includes
the continuous updating of the Library of Congress Classification System and the Dewey Decimal Classification System,
and the organization of several specialized collections.
Public programs.—The Library sponsors lectures; poetry
readings; musical concerts; the furtherance of musical research, composition, performance and appreciation; and the
preparation of sound recordings of music and literature. This
program also covers the distribution of recordings of the Library’s literary programs and concerts to radio stations for
public service broadcasts.
This presentation also includes the Foreign Service National Separation Liability Trust Fund, which was established
in accordance with Section 151 of Public Law 102–138. This
account funds the lump-sum separation payments (earned
under the applicable country’s law during an employee’s career) of Foreign Service Nationals employed by Library of
Congress overseas field offices.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 03–9971–0–7–503

11.1
12.1
23.3
24.0
25.1
25.2

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Advisory and assistance services ..................................
Other services ................................................................

1997 actual

7
1
1
1
1
3

1998 est.

1999 est.

7
1
1
1
1
3

7
1
1
1
1
3

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
Federal Funds

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
25.3
25.7
26.0
31.0
41.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

1
1
2
2
1

1
1
2
2
1

1
1
2
2
1

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
21
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

21
2

21
2

23

23

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

21

Personnel Summary
Identification code 03–9971–0–7–503

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 actual

189

1998 est.

180

1999 est.

180

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
SEC. 201. Appropriations in this Act available to the Library of
Congress shall be available, in an amount of not more than $194,290,
of which $58,100 is for the Congressional Research Service, when
specifically authorized by the Librarian, for attendance at meetings
concerned with the function or activity for which the appropriation
is made.
SEC. 202. (a) No part of the funds appropriated in this Act shall
be used by the Library of Congress to administer any flexible or
compressed work schedule which—
(1) applies to any manager or supervisor in a position the grade
or level of which is equal to or higher than GS–15; and
(2) grants such manager or supervisor the right to not be at
work for all or a portion of a workday because of time worked
by the manager or supervisor on another workday.
(b) For purposes of this section, the term ‘‘manager or supervisor’’
means any management official or supervisor, as such terms are
defined in section 7103(a) (10) and (11) of title 5, United States
Code.
SEC. 203. Appropriated funds received by the Library of Congress
from other Federal agencies to cover general and administrative overhead costs generated by performing reimbursable work for other
agencies under the authority of 31 U.S.C. 1535 and 1536 shall not
be used to employ more than 65 employees and may be expended
or obligated—
(1) in the case of a reimbursement, only to such extent or in
such amounts as are provided in appropriations Acts; or
(2) in the case of an advance payment, only—
(A) to pay for such general or administrative overhead costs
as are attributable to the work performed for such agency; or
(B) to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in
appropriations Acts, with respect to any purpose not allowable
under subparagraph (A).
SEC. 204. Of the amounts appropriated to the Library of Congress
in this Act, not more than $5,000 may be expended, on the certification of the Librarian of Congress, in connection with official representation and reception expenses for the incentive awards program.
SEC. 205. Of the amount appropriated to the Library of Congress
in this Act, not more than $12,000 may be expended, on the certification of the Librarian of Congress, in connection with official representation and reception expenses for the Overseas Field Offices.
SEC. 206. (a) For fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999, the obligational authority
of the Library of Congress for the activities described in subsection
(b) may not exceed ø$100,490,000¿ $99,765,100.
(b) The activities referred to in subsection (a) are reimbursable
and revolving fund activities that are funded from sources other
than appropriations to the Library in appropriations Acts for the
legislative branch.
øSEC. 207. (a) ESTABLISHMENT.—Effective October 1, 1997, there
is established in the Treasury of the United States a revolving fund
to be known as the Cooperative Acquisitions Program Revolving Fund
(in this section referred to as the ‘‘revolving fund’’). Moneys in the
revolving fund shall be available to the Librarian of Congress, without fiscal year limitation, for financing the cooperative acquisitions
program (in this section referred to as the ‘‘program’’) under which
the Library acquires foreign publications and research materials on
behalf of participating institutions on a cost-recovery basis. Obligations under the revolving fund are limited to amounts specified in
the appropriations Act for that purpose for any fiscal year.

31

(b) AMOUNTS DEPOSITED.—The revolving fund shall consist of—
(1) any amounts appropriated by law for the purposes of the
revolving fund;
(2) any amounts held by the Librarian as of October 1, 1997
or the date of enactment, whichever is later, that were collected
as payment for the Library’s indirect costs of the program; and
(3) the difference between (A) the total value of the supplies,
equipment, gift fund balances, and other assets of the program,
and (B) the total value of the liabilities (including unfunded liabilities such as the value of accrued annual leave of employees) of
the program.
(c) CREDITS TO THE REVOLVING FUND.—The revolving fund shall
be credited with all advances and amounts received as payment for
purchases under the program and services and supplies furnished
to program participants, at rates estimated by the Librarian to be
adequate to recover the full direct and indirect costs of the program
to the Library over a reasonable period of time.
(d) UNOBLIGATED BALANCES.—Any unobligated and unexpended
balances in the revolving fund that the Librarian determines to be
in excess of amounts needed for activities financed by the revolving
fund, shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as
miscellaneous receipts. Amounts needed for activities financed by the
revolving fund means the direct and indirect costs of the program,
including the costs of purchasing, shipping, binding of books and
other library materials; supplies, materials, equipment and services
needed in support of the program; salaries and benefits; general overhead; and travel.
(e) ANNUAL REPORT.—Not later than March 31 of each year, the
Librarian of Congress shall prepare and submit to Congress an audited financial statement for the revolving fund for the preceding
fiscal year. The audit shall be conducted in accordance with Government Auditing Standards for financial audits issued by the Comptroller General of the United States.¿
øSEC. 208. AUTHORITY OF THE BOARD TO INVEST GIFT FUNDS.—
Section 4 of the Act entitled ‘‘An Act to create a Library of Congress
Trust Fund Board, and for other purposes’’, approved March 3, 1925
(2 U.S.C. 160), is amended by adding at the end the following new
undesignated paragraph:
‘‘Upon agreement by the Librarian of Congress and the Board,
a gift or bequest accepted by the Librarian under the first paragraph
of this section may be invested or reinvested in the same manner
as provided for trust funds under the second paragraph of section
2.’’.¿ (Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
CONGRESSIONAL PRINTING
ø(INCLUDING

AND

BINDING

TRANSFER OF FUNDS)¿

For authorized printing and binding for the Congress and the distribution of Congressional information in any format; printing and
binding for the Architect of the Capitol; expenses necessary for preparing the semimonthly and session index to the Congressional
Record, as authorized by law (44 U.S.C. 902); printing and binding
of Government publications authorized by law to be distributed to
Members of Congress; and printing, binding, and distribution of Government publications authorized by law to be distributed without
charge to the recipient, ø$81,669,000, of which $11,017,000 shall be
derived by transfer from the Government Printing Office revolving
fund under section 309 of title 44, United States Code¿ $84,000,000:
Provided, That this appropriation shall not be available for paper
copies of the permanent edition of the Congressional Record for individual Representatives, Resident Commissioners or Delegates authorized under 44 U.S.C. 906: Provided further, That this appropriation
shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred under the
appropriations for similar purposes for preceding fiscal years. (1
U.S.C. 205, 208, 211, 212; 44 U.S.C. 501, 701–704, 706, 708, 709,
711–13, 715–17, 719–21, 723, 724, 727–28, 733–35, 737, 901, 902,
906, 907, 1107, 1301, 1713, 1714, 1717, 1718, 1908; Congressional
Operations Appropriations Act, 1998.)

32

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
23.95

CONGRESSIONAL PRINTING
ø(INCLUDING

AND

New obligations .............................................................

–29

–29

–30

40.00

General and special funds—Continued

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

29

29

30

24
29
–29

24
29
–34

19
30
–31

24

19

18

BINDING—Continued

TRANSFER OF FUNDS)¿—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 04–0203–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 24.0) ............................

82

82

84

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

82
–82

82
–82

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

84
–84

New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation ..................................................................
82
42.00 Transferred from other accounts ................................... ...................

71
84
11 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

82

82

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

82

82

84

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

19
10

19
15

20
11

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

29

34

31

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

29
29

29
34

30
31

84

70.00

86.90
86.93

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

43
42
42
82
82
84
–75
–82
–81
–8 ................... ...................
42

42

45

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

50
25

50
32

51
30

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

75

82

81

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

82
75

82
82

84
81

This appropriation covers all authorized printing and binding for the Congress and the Architect of the Capitol and
for printing and binding of Government publications authorized by law to be distributed to Members of Congress. Also,
this appropriation includes funding for printing, binding, and
distribution of Government publications authorized by law
to be distributed without charge to the recipients.
OFFICE

OF

SUPERINTENDENT

OF

DOCUMENTS

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

For expenses of the Office of Superintendent of Documents necessary to provide for the cataloging and indexing of Government
publications and their distribution to the public, Members of Congress, other Government agencies, and designated depository and
international exchange libraries as authorized by law, ø$29,077,000¿
$30,200,000: Provided, That travel expenses, including travel expenses of the Depository Library Council to the Public Printer, shall
not exceed $150,000: Provided further, That amounts of not more
than $2,000,000 from current year appropriations are authorized for
producing and disseminating Congressional serial sets and other related publications for ø1996¿ 1997 and ø1997¿ 1998 to depository
and other designated libraries. (44 U.S.C. 305, 1702–04, 1710, 1711,
1719, 1902, 1903, 1909; Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)

The Office of the Superintendent of Documents operates
under a separate appropriation, which provides funds for:
(1) the mailing for Members of Congress and other Government agencies of certain Government publications, as authorized by law; (2) the distribution of Government publications
to designated depository libraries, including cost-effective
methods of electronic dissemination to depository libraries
such as CD–ROMS, and on-demand delivery of full text or
image files; (3) the compilation of catalogs and indexes of
Government publications; and (4) the distribution of Government publications in the International Exchange Program.
These four functions are related to the publication activity
of other agencies and to the demands of the public, Members
of Congress, and depository libraries. Consequently, the Office
of the Superintendent of Documents can exercise little control
over the volume of work which it may be called upon to
perform. A description of these four functions follows:
Distribution for other Government agencies and Members
of Congress.—The Office of Superintendent of Documents
maintains mailing lists and mails, at the request of Government agencies and Members of Congress, certain publications
specified by public law.
Depository library distribution.—As required, Government
publications are supplied to libraries which are designated
as depositories for Government publications. This includes
cost-effective methods of electronic dissemination to depository libraries such as CD–ROMS, and on-demand delivery
of full text or image files.
Cataloging and indexing.—The Office of Superintendent of
Documents is charged with preparing catalogs and indexes
of all publications issued by the Federal Government. The
principal publication is the ‘‘Monthly Catalog of U.S. Government Publications.’’
International exchange.—The Office of Superintendent of
Documents distributes Government publications to foreign
governments which agree, as indicated by the Library of Congress, to send to the United States similar publications of
their governments for delivery to the Library of Congress.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 04–0201–0–1–808

1997 actual

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1998 est.

1999 est.
Identification code 04–0201–0–1–808

Obligations by program activity:
00.02 Depository library distribution .......................................
00.03 Cataloging and indexing ...............................................
00.04 International exchange ..................................................

25
25
26
3
4
4
1 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

29

29

30

22.00

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

29

29

30

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
22.0
23.3
24.0
25.2

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Transportation of things ................................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................

5
2
1
1
13
7

5
1
1
1
12
9

5
1
1
1
12
10

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

29

29

30

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
Personnel Summary
Identification code 04–0201–0–1–808

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

113

1998 est.

115

115

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE REVOLVING FUND
The Government Printing Office is hereby authorized to make such
expenditures, within the limits of funds available and in accord with
the law, and to make such contracts and commitments without regard
to fiscal year limitations as provided by section 9104 of title 31,
United States Code, as may be necessary in carrying out the programs and purposes set forth in the budget for the current fiscal
year for the Government Printing Office revolving fund: Provided,
That not more than $2,500 may be expended on the certification
of the Public Printer in connection with official representation and
reception expenses: Provided further, That the revolving fund shall
be available for the hire or purchase of not more than twelve passenger motor vehicles: Provided further, That expenditures in connection with travel expenses of the advisory councils to the Public Printer shall be deemed necessary to carry out the provisions of title
44, United States Code: Provided further, That the revolving fund
shall be available for temporary or intermittent services under section
3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, but at rates for individuals
not more than the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay
for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of such
title: øProvided further, That the revolving fund and the funds provided under the headings ‘‘OFFICE OF SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS’’ and ‘‘SALARIES AND EXPENSES’’ together may not be available
for the full-time equivalent employment of more than 3,550
workyears:¿ Provided further, That activities financed through the
revolving fund may provide information in any format: Provided further, That the revolving fund shall not be used to administer any
flexible or compressed work schedule which applies to any manager
or supervisor in a position the grade or level of which is equal to
or higher than GS–15: Provided further, That expenses for attendance
at meetings shall not exceed $75,000ø: Provided further, That
$1,500,000 may be expended on the certification of the Public Printer,
for reimbursement to the General Accounting Office, for a management audit¿. (31 U.S.C. 1343(b), 9104; 44 U.S.C. 301, 309, 1502,
1504, 1509, 1510; Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

1999 est.

676
69
5
9

703
70
6
5

707
72
6
6

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

759

784

791

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

49
764

54
768

38
794

813
–759

822
–784

54

38

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ................................... ...................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) ................................
756
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
8

70.00

252
759
–739

272
784
–812

244
791
–786

213
59

205
39

204
45

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

272

244

249

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

649
90

705
107

703
83

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

739

812

786

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–686
–70

–729
–70

–720
–68

88.90
88.95

–756
–8

–799
20

–788
–6

89.00
90.00

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources .........

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–17

–11 ...................
13
–2

The Government Printing Office executes orders for printing, binding, and blankbook work, CD–ROM’s and electronic
formats, placed by Congress and the various agencies of the
Federal Government, and furnishes—on order—blank paper,
inks, and similar supplies. The Government Printing Office
also sells publications to the public through its sales of publications program, provides a locater service for government
electronic data bases, provides on-line access to electronic
data bases, and distributes publications to the public for other
Government agencies.
All such work is financed through the Government Printing
Office revolving fund (44 U.S.C. 309). The fund is reimbursed
by the customer agencies and receipts from sales of publications to the general public.

PRINTING AND BINDING OPERATIONS
1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total revenue ...............................................................................

688

706

719

832
–791

Expenses:
Personnel compensation .........................................................
Personnel benefits ..................................................................
Transportation of things .........................................................
Rental payments to GSA .........................................................
Rental payments to others .....................................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges ........
Printing and reproduction .......................................................
Other services .........................................................................
Supplies and materials ..........................................................
Depreciation ............................................................................

136
50
2
1
2
13
445
4
39
7

138
29
2
1
2
14
457
8
47
8

141
30
2
1
2
14
465
7
48
9

41

Total expenses ...............................................................

699

706

719

Net operating income or loss (–) ..................................

–11

—

—

21.40

68.90

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

72.99
73.10
73.20

[In millions of dollars]

Obligations by program activity:
Printing and binding .....................................................
Sales of publications .....................................................
Agency distribution ........................................................
Capital investment ........................................................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

205
39

STATEMENT OF REVENUE AND EXPENSES
1998 est.

09.01
09.02
09.03
09.11

23.90
23.95
24.40

213
59

74.99

1999 est.

201
51

74.40
74.95

1997 actual

Intragovernmental funds:

Identification code 04–4505–0–4–808

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.40
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

33

–11 ...................

SALES OF PUBLICATIONS OPERATIONS
799
–20

788
6

[In millions of dollars]

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total revenue ...............................................................................

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ...........................................................

764

779

794

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

764

768

794

70

72

74

Expenses:
Cost of publications sold .......................................................
Postage for sales copies mailed ............................................

18
7

18
7

19
7

34

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
2104

Intragovernmental funds—Continued
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE REVOLVING FUND—Continued

2201
2207

SALES OF PUBLICATIONS OPERATIONS—Continued

Resources payable to Treasury ...........
Non-Federal liabilities:
Accounts payable ................................
Other ...................................................

2999

[In millions of dollars]

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1

1

1

1

54
76

55
98

50
75

49
75

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

162

183

171

163

100
92

100
79

88
81

88
82

Surplus publications ...............................................................

3

3

3

Subtotal ..........................................................................

28

28

29

3999

Total net position ................................

192

179

169

170

Gross profit ....................................................................

42

44

45

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

354

362

340

333

General and administrative:
Personnel compensation .........................................................
Personnel benefits ..................................................................
Transportation of things .........................................................
Rental Payments to GSA .........................................................
Rental payments to others .....................................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges ........
Printing and reproduction .......................................................
Other services .........................................................................
Supplies and materials ..........................................................

17
6
2
1
2
—
—
13
1

18
4
2
1
2
1
1
13
1

19
4
2
1
2
1
1
13
1

Subtotal ..........................................................................

42

43

44

Total expenses ...............................................................

70

71

73

Net earnings ..................................................................

—

1

1

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 04–4505–0–4–808

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

142
12

146
12

150
12

11.9
12.1
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Transportation of things ................................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

154
57
4
2
4
22
449
17
41
9

158
34
5
2
4
23
485
20
48
5

162
35
5
2
4
23
486
20
49
5

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

759

784

791

AGENCY DISTRIBUTION SERVICE
[In millions of dollars]

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total revenue ...............................................................................

5

6

Expenses:
Personnel compensation .........................................................
Personnel benefits ..................................................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges ........
Other services .........................................................................

2
1
1
1

2
1
2
1

2
1
2
1

Total expenses ....................................................................

5

6

6

Net operating loss (–) .................................................................

—

—

Personnel Summary

6

—

1997 actual

Identification code 04–4505–0–4–808

2011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

3,486

1998 est.

3,435

1999 est.

3,435

GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 04–4505–0–4–808

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

SALARIES

1999 est.

0121
0122

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

756
–764

688
–699

706
–706

719
–719

0129
0131
0132

Net income or loss (–) ............................
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

–8
71
–79

–11
70
–70

..................
72
–71

..................
74
–73

0139
0141
0142

Net income or loss (–) ............................
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

–8
4
–4

..................
5
–5

1
6
–6

1
6
–6

0149

Net income or loss (–) ............................

..................

..................

..................

..................

0191

Total revenues .........................................

831

763

784

799

0192

Total expenses .........................................

–847

–774

–783

–798

0199

Net income or loss ..................................

–16

–11

1

1

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 04–4505–0–4–808

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Other Federal assets:
1802
Inventories and related properties .....
1803
Property, plant and equipment, net
1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

90

107

83

85

163
3

156
3

158
3

149
4

26
72

24
72

23
73

23
72

354

362

340

333

31

29

45

38

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the General Accounting Office, including
not more than $7,000 to be expended on the certification of the
Comptroller General of the United States in connection with official
representation and reception expenses; temporary or intermittent
services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, but
at rates for individuals not more than the daily equivalent of the
annual rate of basic pay for level IV of the Executive Schedule under
section 5315 of such title; hire of one passenger motor vehicle; advance payments in foreign countries in accordance with 31 U.S.C.
3324; benefits comparable to those payable under sections 901(5),
901(6) and 901(8) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C.
4081(5), 4081(6) and 4081(8)); and under regulations prescribed by
the Comptroller General of the United States, rental of living quarters in foreign countries; ø$339,499,000: Provided, That not more
than $1,000,000 of reimbursements received incident to the operation
of the General Accounting Office Building shall be available for use
in fiscal year 1998: Provided further, That an additional amount
of $4,404,000 shall be available by transfer from funds previously
deposited in the special account established pursuant to 31 U.S.C.
782:¿ $367,728,000: Provided øfurther¿, That notwithstanding 31
U.S.C. 9105 hereafter amounts reimbursed to the Comptroller General pursuant to that section shall be deposited to the appropriation
of the General Accounting Office then available and remain available
until expended, and not more than $2,000,000 of such funds shall
be available for use in fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999: Provided further,
That this appropriation and appropriations for administrative expenses of any other department or agency which is a member of
the Joint Financial Management Improvement Program (JFMIP)
shall be available to finance an appropriate share of JFMIP costs
as determined by the JFMIP, including the salary of the Executive
Director and secretarial support: Provided further, That this appropriation and appropriations for administrative expenses of any other

UNITED STATES TAX COURT
Federal Funds

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
department or agency which is a member of the National Intergovernmental Audit Forum or a Regional Intergovernmental Audit Forum
shall be available to finance an appropriate share of either Forum’s
costs as determined by the respective Forum, including necessary
travel expenses of non-Federal participants. Payments hereunder to
either the Forum or the JFMIP may be credited as reimbursements
to any appropriation from which costs involved are initially financed:
Provided further, That this appropriation and appropriations for administrative expenses of any other department or agency which is
a member of the American Consortium on International Public Administration (ACIPA) shall be available to finance an appropriate
share of ACIPA costs as determined by the ACIPA, including any
expenses attributable to membership of ACIPA in the International
Institute of Administrative Sciences. (Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1998.)

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................

6

03.00
04.00

2 ................... ...................
8
6
2

6

–2

–4 ...................

05.99
07.99

–2
6

–4 ...................
2
2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 05–0107–0–1–801

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Top Management .......................................................
00.02
General Government Division ....................................
00.03
Health, Education and Human Services Division
00.04
National Security and International Affairs Division
00.05
Resources, Community and Economic Development
Division .................................................................
00.06
Accounting and Information Management Division
00.07
Office of the Chief Economist ...................................
00.08
Office of the General Counsel ...................................
00.09
Office of Special Investigations ................................
00.10
Field Offices ..............................................................
00.11
Mission Support .........................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

2
26
33
33

3
28
28
35

29
39
1
17
3
79
74

31
41
1
15
3
79
88

33
45
1
17
3
84
89

352
5

366
2

09.99

Total reimbursable program ......................................

26

5

2

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

354

357

368

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

4
359

11
350

4
370

363
–354

361
–357

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

358

330

367

–26

–5

–2

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

333
332

345
325

368
365

89.00
90.00

11

4

6

340
368
4 ...................
1 ...................

43.00

345

68.90
70.00

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

25.4
25.7
26.0
31.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Advisory and assistance services .............................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

328
26

352
5

366
2

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

354

357

368

11.1
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.1
23.3
24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3

233
42
1
10
9

234
251
43
47
1 ...................
10
10
7
8

5
1
4
7

7
1
18
8

8
1
9
9

4
4
5
2
1

3
8
5
2
5

3
8
5
2
5

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 05–0107–0–1–801

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
333
40.20
Appropriation (special fund, definite) ....................... ...................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ...................

68.00
68.26
68.45

313
326
348
35 ...................
19
3
5
2
7 ................... ...................

The General Accounting Office’s mission is to improve government operations by providing timely and reliable information and advice to Congress, determining the legality of public
expenditures, and providing guidance on financial management matters.

374
–368

333

75

87.00

Identification code 05–0107–0–1–801

2
25
25
34

328
26

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
Offsetting collections (cash) ................................
Offsetting collections (unavailable balances) ......
Portion not available for obligation (limitation
on obligations) .................................................

74

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Total direct program .............................................
Mission Support .............................................................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

47

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

1999 est.

00.91
09.01

23.90
23.95
24.40

54
47
74
354
357
368
–358
–330
–367
–3 ................... ...................

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

2

Offsetting Collections ....................................................
Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Salaries and expenses ...................................................
Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

72.40

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 05–0107–0–1–801

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

35

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1998 est.

3,341

3,225

1999 est.

3,325

UNITED STATES TAX COURT

368

Federal Funds
26
5
2
2 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ...........................................................

26

5

2

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

359

350

370

General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses, including contract reporting and other
services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$33,921,000¿ $34,490,000:
Provided, That travel expenses of the judges shall be paid upon
the written certificate of the judge. (Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

36

UNITED STATES TAX COURT—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.1
25.2
26.0
31.0

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 23–0100–0–1–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

32

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

34
34
34
–2 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

34
–32

34
–34

34
–34

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

34

34

Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Benefits for former personnel ........................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

3
1
1
7
2
1
1

3
1
1
7
3
1
1

3
1
1
8
2
1
1

99.9

General and special funds—Continued

Total obligations ........................................................

32

34

34

34

34

34

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 23–0100–0–1–752

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

295

1998 est.

1999 est.

335

335

Trust Funds
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

TAX COURT JUDGES SURVIVORS ANNUITY FUND
3
32
–32

3
33
–33

4
34
–34

3

4

4

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 23–8115–0–7–602

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: U.S.
Securities: Par value .................................................
24.41 Unobligated balance available, end of year: U.S. Securities: Par value .....................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

21.41

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

30
2

30
3

30
4

87.00

32

33

34

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

34
32

34
33

34
34

The United States Tax Court is a Court of record established under Article I of the Constitution of the United States.
The Court is composed of a Chief Judge and eighteen judges.
Judges of the Tax Court are appointed by the President,
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for 15
year terms. Decisions by the Court are reviewable by the
United States Courts of Appeals and, if certiorari is granted,
by the Supreme Court.
In their judicial duties, the judges are assisted by Senior
Judges, who participate in the adjudication of regular cases,
and by Special Trial Judges, who hear small tax cases and
certain regular cases assigned to them by the Chief Judge.
The Court conducts trial sessions throughout the United
States, including Hawaii and Alaska.
The matters over which the Court has jurisdiction are set
forth in various sections of Title 26 of the U.S. Code.
For 1999, the Court proposes a trial program of 340 weeks
consisting of 150 weeks of regular trial sessions, 90 weeks
of small tax case sessions, and 100 weeks of lengthy special
sessions. Trials are held in approximately 80 cities throughout
the United States.
Statistics on the actual and estimated number of cases before the court are presented in the following tabulation:
1997 actual

Pending, beginning year .............................................................
Docketed during year ..................................................................
Adjustments during year .............................................................
Disposed of during year ..............................................................
Pending, end of year ...................................................................

29,281
25,955
780
28,357
27,659

1998 est.

27,659
26,000
—
27,000
26,659

1999 est.

26,659
27,000
—
27,000
26,659

This presentation includes the ‘‘Tax Court independent
counsel’’ fund. This fund is established pursuant to 26 U.S.C.
7475. The fund is used by the Tax Court to employ independent counsel to pursue disciplinary matters involving practitioners admitted to practice before the Court.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 23–0100–0–1–752

11.1

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............

1997 actual

16

1998 est.

17

1999 est.

17

89.00
90.00

6

6

6

6

6

6

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

This fund, established pursuant to 26 U.S.C. 7448, is used
to pay survivorship benefits to eligible surviving spouses and
dependent children of deceased judges of the U.S. Tax Court.
Participating judges pay 3.5 percent of their salaries or retired pay into the fund to cover creditable service for which
payment is required. Additional funds, as are needed, are
provided through the annual appropriation to the U.S. Tax
Court.
On September 30, 1997, 26 judges of the court were participating in the fund, and 1 eligible dependent and 6 eligible
widows were receiving survivorship annuity payments.

OTHER LEGISLATIVE BRANCH AGENCIES
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT ASSESSMENT COMMISSION
SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 95–3400–0–1–551

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

3 ................... ...................

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

3 ................... ...................
–3 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

3 ................... ...................

68.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
1 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
3 ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–3
–1 ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
1 ................... ...................
72.40

OTHER LEGISLATIVE BRANCH AGENCIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

86.97
86.98
87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
3 ................... ...................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................
1 ...................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

89.00
90.00

1 ...................

–3 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................
1 ...................

90.00

37

Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

1 ...................

The Physician Payment Review Commission was established in 1986 (P.L. 99–272) as an independent legislative
agency to advise Congress on the design and refinement of
physician payment methods under the Medicare program and
related policies affecting the broader health care system. Pursuant to Public Law 105–33, the Commission was terminated
and its assets and staff transferred to the newly-created Medicare Payment Advisory Commission.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

The Prospective Payment Assessment Commission was authorized by Public Law 98–21, section 1886(e) of the Social
Security Act Amendments of 1983, to advise and assist the
Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services
and Congress on maintaining and updating the Medicare prospective payment system. Pursuant to Public Law 105–33,
the Commission was terminated and its assets and staff
transferred to the newly-created Medicare Payment Advisory
Commission.

1997 actual

Identification code 95–1000–0–1–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
23.3

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges

1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

2 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

3 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 95–1000–0–1–801
1997 actual

Identification code 95–3400–0–1–551

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
25.1

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Advisory and assistance services ..................................

1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

2 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

3 ................... ...................

1011

Personnel Summary
Identification code 95–3400–0–1–551

1011

1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1998 est.

NATIONAL BIPARTISAN COMMISSION

1998 est.

1999 est.

17 ................... ...................

ON THE

FUTURE

OF

MEDICARE

For expenses necessary to carry out section 4021 of Public Law
105–33, $600,000, to be derived by transfer from the Hospital Insurance Trust Fund and the Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust
Fund.

1999 est.

18 ................... ...................

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 48–1750–0–1–571

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 99.5) ............................ ...................

1

1

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

1
–1

1
–1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

1

1

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

1
–1

1
–1

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................

1

1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

1

1

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................

–1

–1

PHYSICIAN PAYMENT REVIEW COMMISSION
SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 95–1000–0–1–801

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
68.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

3 ................... ...................

3 ................... ...................
–3 ................... ...................

3 ................... ...................

72.40

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

89.00

68.00

1
1 ...................
3 ................... ...................
–3
–1 ...................
1 ................... ...................

2 ................... ...................
1
1 ...................
3

1 ...................

–3 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

The National Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare was established in 1997 (P.L. 105–33) to review and
analyze the long-term financial condition of the Medicare program. The Commission is required to make recommendations
by March 1, 1999. The Commission is composed of 17 members, serving for its life, of whom: four are appointed by
the President; six are appointed by the Senate Majority Leader; six are appointed by the Speaker of the House; and one,
the Chairperson, is appointed jointly by the President, Senate
Majority Leader, and the Speaker of the House.

38

OTHER LEGISLATIVE BRANCH AGENCIES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued

øGAMBLING IMPACT STUDY COMMISSION¿
øSALARIES

MEDICARE PAYMENT ADVISORY COMMISSION
SALARIES AND EXPENSES

For expenses necessary to carry out section 1805 of the Social
Security Act, $7,015,000, to be transferred to this appropriation from
the Federal Hospital Insurance and the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Funds. (Departments of Labor, Health and
Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 48–1550–0–1–571

1997 actual

Identification code 48–2101–0–1–801

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................

1999 est.

3

2

1999 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
4
21.40

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations ............................................................ ...................

7

7

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

7
–7

7
–7

22.00
23.95

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

10.00
1998 est.

AND EXPENSES¿

øFor necessary expenses of the National Gambling Impact Study
Commission, $1,000,000, to remain available until expended.¿ (Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
4
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
4

New budget authority (gross), detail:
68.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

7

7

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

7
–7

7
–7

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................

7

7

86.90
86.93
87.00

–7
89.00
90.00

2
–2

2 ...................

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

–7

5
–3

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................

4
2
1 ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
4
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission was established by P.L. 105–33 as an independent legislative agency
charged with advising the Congress on payment and other
policy issues affecting the Medicare program, as well as on
the implications of changes in health care delivery in the
United States and in the market for health care services
on the Medicare program.
The Commission’s 15 members represent diverse points of
view including providers, payers, consumers, employers, and
individuals with expertise in biomedical, health services, and
health economics research. It maintains a full time staff of
35 in Washington, D.C.
The Commission is required by law to report to the Congress on March 1 and June 1 of each year, and to comment
on actions of the Secretary of Health and Human Services
relevant to its mandate.

1997 actual

Identification code 48–1550–0–1–571

1998 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ............. ...................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................ ...................
Advisory and assistance services .................................. ...................

2
2
2

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

6
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

7

7

1 ...................
2
2
3

2

1 ...................
3
2

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
25.1

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ............. ...................
Advisory and assistance services .................................. ...................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
3
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ...................

99.9

1
1
2 ...................

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

1
1

3

2

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 48–2101–0–1–801

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ...................................................... ...................

COMMISSION

1998 est.

1999 est.

10

10

1998 est.

1999 est.

Identification code 48–2850–0–1–751

50

OF

FEDERAL LAW

1997 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 99.5) ............................ ...................

1998 est.

1999 est.

2 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
2 ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
2 ................... ...................
21.40

50

ADVANCEMENT
ENFORCEMENT

ON THE

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

10.00

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

1997 actual

Identification code 48–2101–0–1–801

6
1

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ...................................................... ...................

2
–2

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

2
2
2

1011

3
–3

1999 est.

11.1
23.1
25.1

Identification code 48–1550–0–1–571

1 ...................

The Gambling Impact Study Commission was established
by Public Law 104–169 to conduct a comprehensive legal and
factual study of the social and economic impacts of gambling
in the United States. The Commission will submit its final
report in June 1999, and terminate in August 1999.

1011

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

4

OTHER LEGISLATIVE BRANCH BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
2
2 ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
–2 ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
2 ................... ...................

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
2 ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................
2 ...................

2 ................... ...................

2 ...................

The Commission on the Advancement of Federal Law Enforcement was authorized in 1996 (P.L. 104–132) to review,
ascertain, evaluate, and recommend action to Congress on
a range of issues related to Federal law enforcement. The
Commission is composed of five members, serving for its life,
of whom: one is appointed by the President of the Senate;
one is appointed by the Senate Minority Leader; one is appointed by the Speaker of the House; one is appointed by
the House Minority Leader; and one, the Chairperson, is appointed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The Commission will issue a report on its findings no more than two
years after a quorum of its members have been appointed.

OTHER LEGISLATIVE BRANCH BOARDS AND
COMMISSIONS
COMMISSION

ON

SECURITY

AND

COOPERATION IN EUROPE

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, as authorized by Public Law 94–304, $1,090,000,
to remain available until expended as authorized by section 3 of
Public Law 99–7. (Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the
Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
øCOMMISSION

ON

øSALARIES

IMMIGRATION REFORM¿
AND EXPENSES¿

øFor necessary expenses of the Commission on Immigration Reform
pursuant to section 141(f) of the Immigration Act of 1990, $459,000
to remain available until expended.¿ (Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1998)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 09–9911–0–1–999

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

1997 actual

4

1998 est.

1999 est.

3

1

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

3
2
1
4
2
1
–1 ................... ...................
6
–4

4
–3

2
–1

2

1

1

4

2

1

72.40

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

1
4
–5

1 ...................
3
1
–5
–1

1 ................... ...................

4

2

1

39

86.93

Outlays from current balances ......................................

1

3 ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

5

5

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

4
5

2
5

1
1

This presentation includes a number of accounts that had
previously been displayed separately including the following:
Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise Fund; Commission on Security
and Cooperation in Europe; Competitiveness Policy Council;
International Conferences and Contingencies; Copyright Royalty Tribunal; Commission on Immigration Reform; National
Commission on Children; Gifts and donations, National Commission on Children; National Commission on Cost of Higher
Education; and National Commission on Restructuring the
Internal Revenue Service..
Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise Fund.—The Oliver Wendell
Holmes Devise Fund and, the permanent committee for the
Oliver Wendell Holmes devise to administer it were created
by an act of Congress, approved August 5, 1955 (69 Stat.
533).
The current program is devoted primarily to the preparation of a History of the Supreme Court of the United States,
of which the first two volumes were published by the Macmillan Co. in 1972. The third, fourth and fifth volumes were
published in August 1974, September 1981, and August 1985,
respectively. The sixth and seventh volumes were published
in 1988. The eighth volume was published in 1993. Additional
volumes are nearing completion.
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.—The
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe is authorized and directed to monitor the acts of the signatories which
reflect compliance with or violation of the articles of the Final
Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe,
with particular regard to the provisions relating to Cooperation in Humanitarian Fields. The law establishing the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe also mandated
it to monitor and encourage U.S. Government and private
activities designed to expand East-West trade and the exchange of people and ideas. The Commission will receive
semiannual reports from the President on the signatories’
compliance with the Final Act and on U.S. activities in trade
and cultural/humanitarian exchange and it will itself make
advisory reports to the Congress on the progress of implementation.
The Commission is made up of nine Senators, nine Members of the House of Representatives and one Commissioner
each from the Departments of State, Defense, and Commerce.
International Conferences and Contingencies.—The International Conferences and Contingencies account provides
funds to cover the expenses of House and Senate participants
in international meetings.
Copyright Royalty Tribunal.—Under Public Law 94–553,
the general revision of the copyright law, an independent
Copyright Royalty Tribunal was created in the Legislative
Branch. The Tribunal is composed of three commissioners
appointed by the President with the advice and consent of
the Senate for staggered terms of 7 years each.
The Tribunal’s statutory responsibilities are: (a) to make
determinations concerning copyright royalty rates (1) in the
area of cable television (17 U.S.C. 111), (2) for phonorecords
(17 U.S.C. 115), (3) for coin-operated phonorecord players
(jukeboxes) (17 U.S.C. 116), (4) for non-commercial broadcasting (17 U.S.C. 118), and (5) for digital audio devices (17
U.S.C. 1004); and (b) to distribute cable television, satellite
carrier, jukebox, and digital audio devices and media royalties
deposited with the Register of Copyrights (17 U.S.C. 111,
116, 119, 1005, and 1007).

40

OTHER LEGISLATIVE BRANCH BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

Public Law 103–198 abolished the Copyright Royalty Tribunal and created a Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel System
administered by the Library of Congress Copyright Office.
Commission on Immigration Reform.—The Commission on
Immigration Reform was established under Section 141 of
the Immigration Act of 1990. The mandate of the Commission
is to review and evaluate the implementation and impact
of the U.S. immigration policy and to transmit to the Congress not later than September 30, 1997, a final report of
its findings and recommendations for additional changes that
should be made with respect to immigration into the United
States. The commission submitted its second interim report
in September 1995. The Commission expires January 1998.
National Commission on Cost of Higher Education.—The
Commission’s mandate is to study increases in tuition compared to other commodities and innovative methods to reduce
or stabilize the increases. A final report is due in February
1998.
National Commission on Restructuring the Internal Revenue
Service.—The National Commission on Restructuring the IRS,
established in 1996, reviewed all IRS activities, including returns processing, taxpayer service, tax law enforcement efforts, and Tax Systms Modernization. The Commission issued
a final report describing its findings and recommendations
in June 1997.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 09–9911–0–1–999

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
25.1

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Advisory and assistance services ..................................
Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

3
1

1
1
2 ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

4

3

24.99

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

25

26

27

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

1

1

1

86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

1

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
1
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

1
1

1
1

26
26
27
–1 ................... ...................

JOHN C. STENNIS CENTER FOR PUBLIC SERVICE TRAINING
DEVELOPMENT

AND

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 09–8275–0–7–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Interest ...........................................................................
1
1
1
Appropriation:
05.01 John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Development
trust fund ..................................................................
–1
–1
–1
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

2
1
1
1 ................... ...................

99.0
99.5

24.41
24.42

Unobligated balance available, end of year:
U.S. Securities:
Par value ...............................................................
Unrealized discounts .............................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 09–8275–0–7–801

1998 est.

1999 est.

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 09–9911–0–1–999

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1998 est.

38

21

1999 est.

15

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 99.5) ............................

1

1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested .................................................................
21.41
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................

1
8

1 ...................
8
8

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

9
1

9
1

8
1

23.90
23.95

1

10
–1

10
–1

9
–1

10.00

1

U.S. CAPITOL PRESERVATION COMMISSION

24.40
24.41

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

24.99

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

9

8

8

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

1

1

1

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

1
–1

1
–1

1
–1

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

1

1

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

Trust Funds

Identification code 09–8300–0–7–801

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.02 Interest on investments, U.S. Capitol Preservation
Commission ...............................................................
1
1
1
Appropriation:
05.01 Capitol Preservation Commission trust fund ................
–1
–1
–1
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 09–8300–0–7–801

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested .................................................................
U.S. Securities:
21.41
Par value ...............................................................
21.42
Unrealized discounts .............................................

24
–1

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

24
1

25
1

26
1

23.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation

25

26

27

The principal for this fund was established by the transfer
of $7,500,000 from the appropriation ‘‘Payment to the John
C. Stennis Center’’.

26
26
–1 ...................

1 ................... ...................

1 ................... ...................
8
8
8

Personnel Summary
Identification code 09–8275–0–7–801

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 actual

5

1998 est.

1999 est.

5

5

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

TITLE III—GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 301. No part of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be
used for the maintenance or care of private vehicles, except for emergency assistance and cleaning as may be provided under regulations
relating to parking facilities for the House of Representatives issued
by the Committee on House Oversight and for the Senate issued
by the Committee on Rules and Administration.
SEC. 302. No part of the funds appropriated in this Act shall remain
available for obligation beyond fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999 unless expressly so provided in this Act.
SEC. 303. Whenever in this Act any office or position not specifically
established by the Legislative Pay Act of 1929 is appropriated for
or the rate of compensation or designation of any office or position
appropriated for is different from that specifically established by such
Act, the rate of compensation and the designation in this Act shall
be the permanent law with respect thereto: Provided, That the provisions in this Act for the various items of official expenses of Members,
officers, and committees of the Senate and House of Representatives,
and clerk hire for Senators and Members of the House of Representatives shall be the permanent law with respect thereto.
SEC. 304. The expenditure of any appropriation under this Act
for any consulting service through procurement contract, pursuant
to 5 U.S.C. 3109, shall be limited to those contracts where such
expenditures are a matter of public record and available for public
inspection, except where otherwise provided under existing law, or
under existing Executive order issued pursuant to existing law.
SEC. 305. (a) It is the sense of the Congress that, to the greatest
extent practicable, all equipment and products purchased with funds
made available in this Act should be American-made.
(b) In providing financial assistance to, or entering into any contract with, any entity using funds made available in this Act, the
head of each Federal agency, to the greatest extent practicable, shall
provide to such entity a notice describing the statement made in
subsection (a) by the Congress.
(c) If it has been finally determined by a court or Federal agency
that any person intentionally affixed a label bearing a ‘‘Made in
America’’ inscription, or any inscription with the same meaning, to
any product sold in or shipped to the United States that is not
made in the United States, such person shall be ineligible to receive
any contract or subcontract made with funds provided pursuant to
this Act, pursuant to the debarment, suspension, and ineligibility
procedures described in section 9.400 through 9.409 of title 48, Code
of Federal Regulations.
SEC. 306. Such sums as may be necessary are appropriated to
the account described in subsection (a) of section 415 of Public Law
104–1 to pay awards and settlements as authorized under such subsection.
SEC. 307. Amounts available for administrative expenses of any
legislative branch entity which participates in the Legislative Branch
Financial Managers Council (LBFMC) established by charter on
March 26, 1996, shall be available to finance an appropriate share
of LBFMC costs as determined by the LBFMC, except that the total
LBFMC costs to be shared among all participating legislative branch
entities (in such allocations among the entities as the entities may
determine) may not exceed $1,500.
øSEC. 308. (a) Section 713(a) of title 18, United States Code, is
amended by inserting after ‘‘Senate,’’ the following: ‘‘or the seal of
the United States House of Representatives, or the seal of the United
States Congress,’’.
(b) Section 713 of title 18, United States Code, is amended—
(1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f); and
(2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new subsections:
‘‘(d) Whoever, except as directed by the United States House of
Representatives, or the Clerk of the House of Representatives on
its behalf, knowingly uses, manufactures, reproduces, sells or purchases for resale, either separately or appended to any article manufactured or sold, any likeness of the seal of the United States House
of Representatives, or any substantial part thereof, except for manufacture or sale of the article for the official use of the Government
of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned
not more than six months, or both.
‘‘(e) Whoever, except as directed by the United States Congress,
or the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives, acting jointly on its behalf, knowingly uses, manufactures, reproduces, sells or purchases for resale, either separately or
appended to any article manufactured or sold, any likeness of the
seal of the United States Congress, or any substantial part thereof,

TITLE III—GENERAL PROVISIONS

41

except for manufacture or sale of the article for the official use of
the Government of the United States, shall be fined under this title
or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.’’.
(c) Section 713(f) of title 18, United States Code (as redesignated
by subsection (b)(1)), is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end of paragraph (1);
(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting a semicolon; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
‘‘(3) in the case of the seal of the United States House of Representatives, upon complaint by the Clerk of the House of Representatives; and
‘‘(4) in the case of the seal of the United States Congress, upon
complaint by the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the
House of Representatives, acting jointly.’’.
(d) The heading of section 713 of title 18, United States Code,
is amended by striking ‘‘and the seal of the United States Senate’’
and inserting the following: ‘‘the seal of the United States Senate,
the seal of the United States House of Representatives, and
the seal of the United States Congress’’.
(e) The table of sections for chapter 33 of part I of title 18, United
States Code, is amended by amending the item relating to section
713 to read as follows:
‘‘713. Use of likenesses of the great seal of the United States, the seals of the President and
Vice President, the seal of the United States Senate, the seal of the United States House
of Representatives, and the seal of the United States Congress.’’¿

SEC. ø309¿ 308. Section 316 of Public Law 101–302 is amended
in the first sentence of subsection (a) by striking ø‘‘1997’’¿ ‘‘1998’’
and inserting ø‘‘1998’’¿ ‘‘1999’’.
øSEC. 310. (a) SEVERANCE PAY.—Section 5595 of title 5, United
States Code, is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(1)—
(A) in subparagraph (D) by striking ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon;
and
(B) by adding after subparagraph (E) the following new subparagraph:
‘‘(F) the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, but only with
respect to the United States Senate Restaurants; and’’;
(2) in subsection (a)(2)—
(A) in clause (vii) by striking ‘‘or’’ after the semicolon;
(B) by redesignating clause (viii) as clause (ix) and inserting
after clause (vii) the following:
‘‘(viii) an employee of the United States Senate Restaurants
of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, who is employed
on a temporary when actually employed basis; or’’; and
(3) in subsection (b) by adding at the end the following: ‘‘The
Architect of the Capitol may prescribe regulations to effect the
application and operation of this section to the agency specified
in subsection (a)(1)(F) of this section.’’.
(b) EARLY RETIREMENT.—(1) This subsection applies to an employee
of the United States Senate Restaurants of the Office of the Architect
of the Capitol who—
(A) voluntarily separates from service on or after the date of
enactment of this Act and before October 1, 1999; and
(B) on such date of separation—
(i) has completed 25 years of service as defined under section
8331(12) or 8401(26) of title 5, United States Code; or
(ii) has completed 20 years of such service and is at least
50 years of age.
(2) Notwithstanding any provision of chapter 83 or 84 of title 5,
United States Code, an employee described under paragraph (1) is
entitled to an annuity which shall be computed consistent with the
provisions of law applicable to annuities under section 8336(d) or
8414(b) of title 5, United States Code.
(c) VOLUNTARY SEPARATION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.—(1) In this subsection, the term ‘‘employee’’ means an employee of the United States
Senate Restaurants of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol,
serving without limitation, who has been currently employed for a
continuous period of at least 12 months, except that such term shall
not include—
(A) a reemployed annuitant under subchapter III of chapter 83
or chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, or another retirement
system for employees of the Government;
(B) an employee having a disability on the basis of which such
employee is or would be eligible for disability retirement under
any of the retirement systems referred to in subparagraph (A);
or

42

TITLE III—GENERAL PROVISIONS—Continued

(C) an employee who is employed on a temporary when actually
employed basis.
(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to avoid
or minimize the need for involuntary separations due to a reduction
in force, reorganization, transfer of function, or other similar action
affecting the agency, the Architect of the Capitol shall establish a
program under which voluntary separation incentive payments may
be offered to encourage not more than 50 eligible employees to separate from service voluntarily (whether by retirement or resignation)
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this
Act through September 30, 1999.
(3) Such voluntary separation incentive payments shall be paid
in accordance with the provisions of section 5597(d) of title 5, United
States Code. Any such payment shall not be a basis of payment,
and shall not be included in the computation, of any other type
of Government benefit.
(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), an employee who has received
a voluntary separation incentive payment under this section and accepts employment with the Government of the United States within
5 years after the date of the separation on which the payment is
based shall be required to repay the entire amount of the incentive
payment to the agency that paid the incentive payment.
(B)(i) If the employment is with an executive agency (as defined
by section 105 of title 5, United States Code), the Director of the
Office of Personnel Management may, at the request of the head
of the agency, waive the repayment if the individual involved possesses unique abilities and is the only qualified applicant available
for the position.
(ii) If the employment is with an entity in the legislative branch,
the head of the entity or the appointing official may waive the repayment if the individual involved possesses unique abilities and is the
only qualified applicant available for the position.
(iii) If the employment is with the judicial branch, the Director
of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts may waive
the repayment if the individual involved possesses unique abilities
and is the only qualified applicant available for the position.
(C) For purposes of subparagraph (A) (but not subparagraph (B)),
the term ‘‘employment’’ includes employment under a personal services contract with the United States.
(5) The Architect of the Capitol may prescribe regulations to carry
out this subsection.
(d) COMPETITIVE SERVICE TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN EMPLOYEES.—
(1) This subsection applies to any employee of the United States
Senate Restaurants of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol who—
(A) is involuntarily separated from service on or after the date
of the enactment of this Act and before October 1, 1999 (except
by removal for cause on charges of misconduct or delinquency);
and
(B) has performed any period of service employed in the Office
of the Architect of the Capitol (including the United States Senate
Restaurants) in a position in the excepted service as defined under
section 2103 of title 5, United States Code.
(2) For purposes of applying for employment for any position in
the executive branch (including for purposes of the administration
of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, with respect to such
employment application), any period of service described under paragraph (1)(B) of this subsection shall be deemed a period of service
in the competitive service as defined under section 2102 of title 5,
United States Code.
(3) This subsection shall—
(A) take effect on the date of enactment of this Act; and
(B) apply only to an employment application submitted by an
employee during the 2-year period beginning on the date of such
employee’s separation from service described under paragraph
(1)(A).

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
(e) RETRAINING, JOB PLACEMENT, AND COUNSELING SERVICES.—(1)
In this subsection, the term ‘‘employee’’—
(A) means an employee of the United States Senate Restaurants
of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol; and
(B) shall not include—
(i) a reemployed annuitant under subchapter III of chapter
83 or chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, or another retirement system for employees of the Government; or
(ii) an employee who is employed on a temporary when actually
employed basis.
(2) The Architect of the Capitol may establish a program to provide
retraining, job placement, and counseling services to employees and
former employees.
(3) A former employee may not participate in a program established
under this subsection, if—
(A) the former employee was separated from service with the
United States Senate Restaurants of the Office of the Architect
of the Capitol for more than 1 year; or
(B) the separation was by removal for cause on charges of misconduct or delinquency.
(4) Retraining costs for the program established under this subsection may not exceed $5,000 for each employee or former employee.
(f) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.—(1) The Architect of the Capitol—
(A) may use employees of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol to establish and administer programs and carry out the provisions of this section; and
(B) may procure temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, to carry out such provisions—
(i) not subject to the 1 year of service limitation under such
section 3109(b); and
(ii) at rates for individuals which do not exceed the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay prescribed for level V of
the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of such title.
(2) Funds to carry out subsections (a) and (c) may be expended
only from funds available for the basic pay of the employee who
is receiving the applicable payment.
(3) Funds to carry out subsection (e) may be expended from any
funds made available to the Architect of the Capitol.¿
øSEC. 311. (a) RATE OF PAY FOR DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING.—
Section 108(a) of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1991
(40 U.S.C. 166b–3b(a)) is amended by striking ‘‘the rate of basic
pay payable for level V of the Executive Schedule’’ and inserting
‘‘such rate as the Architect considers appropriate, not to exceed 90
percent of the highest total rate of pay for the Senior Executive
Service under chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, for the
locality involved’’.
(b) APPLICABLE RATE OF PAY.—Section 108(b)(1) of such Act (40
U.S.C. 166b–3b(b)(1)) is amended—
(1) by striking the second sentence; and
(2) by striking ‘‘the maximum rate allowable for the Senior Executive Service’’ each place it appears in subparagraphs (A) and (B)
and inserting the following: ‘‘the highest total rate of pay for the
Senior Executive Service under chapter 53 of title 5, United States
Code, for the locality involved’’.
(c) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendments made by this section shall
apply with respect to pay periods beginning on or after January
1, 1998.¿
øSEC. 312. Any amount appropriated in this Act for ‘‘HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES—Salaries and Expenses—Members’ Representational Allowances’’ shall be available only for fiscal year 1998. Any
amount remaining after all payments are made under such allowances for such fiscal year shall be deposited in the Treasury, to
be used for deficit reduction.¿ (Legislative Branch Appropriations Act,
1998.)

JUDICIAL BRANCH
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

31.0

Equipment ......................................................................

3

3

Federal Funds

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
27
29
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ...................

30
1

General and special funds:
SALARIES

99.9
AND

2

Total obligations ........................................................

27

29

31

EXPENSES

For expenses necessary for the operation of the Supreme Court,
as required by law, excluding care of the building and grounds, including purchase or hire, driving, maintenance, and operation of an
automobile for the Chief Justice, not to exceed $10,000 for the purpose of transporting Associate Justices, and hire of passenger motor
vehicles as authorized by 31 U.S.C. 1343 and 1344; not to exceed
$10,000 for official reception and representation expenses; and for
miscellaneous expenses, to be expended as the Chief Justice may
approve; ø$29,245,000¿ $31,095,000. (The Judiciary Appropriations
Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0100–0–1–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

27

29

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

27
–27

29
–29

1011

CARE

BUILDINGS

AND

27

29

31

8
27
–26

8
29
–27

10
31
–29

8

10

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

23
3

24
3

26
3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

26

27

29

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

27
26

29
27

1998 est.

3

1999 est.

4

5

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

1 ................... ...................
3
4
6

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
4
4
New obligations .............................................................
–3
–4
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ................... ...................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

3

6
–5
1

3

6

72.40

1 ................... ...................
3
4
5
–3
–3
–6

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

2
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

3

6

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
3

4
3

6
6

2
5
–1 ...................

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 10–0103–0–1–752

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
23.3
25.2

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

31
29

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest
court of our country and stands at the apex of the judicial
branch of our constitutional form of government. The U.S.
Supreme Court is the only constitutionally indispensable
court in the Federal court system of the United States. The
jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is spelled out in the Constitution and allotted by Congress. The funds herein requested are required to enable the U.S. Supreme Court to
carry out its constitutional and congressionally allotted responsibilities.

371

21.40

12

86.90
86.93

367

GROUNDS

1997 actual

Identification code 10–0103–0–1–752

72.40

Identification code 10–0100–0–1–752

OF THE

361

1999 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

10.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1998 est.

For such expenditures as may be necessary to enable the Architect
of the Capitol to carry out the duties imposed upon him by the
Act approved May 7, 1934 (40 U.S.C. 13a–13b), ø$3,400,000¿
$5,871,000, of which $2,835,000 shall remain available until expended. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998.)

31
–31

New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation ..................................................................

1997 actual

Identification code 10–0100–0–1–752

31

22.00
23.95

Personnel Summary

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.3

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................

16
1

17
1

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................

17
4
3
1

18
4
3
1

19
4
3
1

1
1
1

1
1
2

1
1
3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

3

4

5

18
1

11.9
12.1
25.2
26.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0103–0–1–752

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 actual

26

1998 est.

1999 est.

26

26

43

44

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FEDERAL CIRCUIT
Federal Funds

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR
THE FEDERAL CIRCUIT
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For salaries of the chief judge, judges, and other officers and employees, and for necessary expenses of the court, as authorized by
law, ø$15,575,000¿ $16,828,000. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act,
1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0510–0–1–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

14

16

17

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

15
–14

16
–16

17
–17

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

15

16

17

3
14
–13

3
16
–15

4
17
–17

3

4

4

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

12
1

12
3

13
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

13

15

17

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

15
13

16
15

17
17

The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
has exclusive nationwide jurisdiction over a large number
of diverse subject areas, such as appeals in all patent cases,
all government contract cases, all international trade cases,
all government personnel cases, all cases involving monetary
claims against the United States under the Tucker Acts, Veterans cases, and many others. Additional subject areas have
been added to this Court’s jurisdiction almost yearly. To keep
abreast of its varied and growing jurisdiction, the court is
requesting necessary increases in its funding as detailed
below.
The following is a more complete listing of the Federal
Circuit’s exclusive jurisdiction. It hears appeals from: (A) final
decisions of all Federal district courts in cases arising under
28 U.S.C. § 1338(a), relating to patent laws generally, 35
U.S.C. § § 145–146, relating to review of decisions of the Patent and Trademark Office, Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences, 28 U.S.C. § 1346(a)(2), relating to Little Tucker Act
claims against the United States, and section 211 of the Economic Stabilization Act of 1970, section 5 of the Emergency
Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973, section 506(c) of the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978, and section 523 of the Energy
Policy and Conservation Act, relating to all statutes formerly
under the jurisdiction of the Temporary Emergency Court
of Appeals; (B) final decisions of the United States Court
of International Trade, 28 U.S.C. § 2645(c); (C) final decisions
of the United States Court of Veterans Appeals, 38 U.S.C.

§ 7292; (D) final decisions of the United States Court of Federal Claims, 28 U.S.C. § 2522 and 42 U.S.C. § § 300aa–12(f);
(E) final decisions of the High Court of the Trust Territory
of the Pacific Islands, 48 U.S.C. § 1681 note (1988) (Compact
of Free Association; Federated States of Micronesia, Republic
of Marshall Islands, TITLE II, Title One, Article VII, § 174(c));
(F) final determinations of the United States International
Trade Commission relating to unfair practices in import trade
made under 19 U.S.C. § 1337; (G) findings of the Secretary
of Commerce under U.S. note 6 to subchapter X of chapter
98 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States
relating to importation of educational or scientific instruments
and apparatus; (H) final orders or decisions of the Merit Systems Protection Board and certain arbitrators, 5 U.S.C.
§ 7703; (I) final decisions of the General Accounting Office
Personnel Appeals Board, 31 U.S.C. § 755; (J) final decisions
of all agency Boards of Contract Appeals, 41 U.S.C. § 607(g);
(K) final decisions of the Patent and Trademark Office tribunals on patent applications and interferences, trademark applications and interferences, cancellations, concurrent use proceedings, and oppositions, 35 U.S.C. § 142, 15 U.S.C. § 1071,
37 CFR § § 1.304, 2.145; (L) appeals under section 71 of the
Plant Variety Protection Act of 1970; (M) certain actions of
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, 38 U.S.C. § 502; (N) certain
final orders of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to certain Presidential appointees, 2 U.S.C.
§ 1219(a)(3) and 28 U.S.C. § 2344; (O) final decisions of the
Office of Personnel Management under 5 U.S.C. § 8902a(g)(2);
(P) certain actions of the Board of Directors of the Office
of Compliance of the U.S. Congress under 2 U.S.C. § 1407(a);
and (Q) final decisions of certain agencies pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1296. (This is a new section of T.28 established by
the Presidential and Executive Office Accountability Act of
1996, P.L. 104–331.)
The Federal Circuit also has exclusive jurisdiction pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 1292(c) of: (1) appealable interlocutory orders
or decrees in cases where the court would otherwise have
jurisdiction over an appeal; and (2) appeals from judgments
in civil actions for patent infringement otherwise appealable
to the court and final except for accounting. Under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1292(d), the court has: (1) exclusive jurisdiction of appeals from interlocutory orders granting or denying, in whole or in part, a motion to transfer an action to
the Court of Federal Claims; and (2) may, in its discretion,
permit an appeal from an interlocutory order of a judge who
certifies that there is a controlling question of law and a
substantial ground for difference of opinion thereon, and that
an immediate appeal may materially advance the ultimate
termination of the litigation. Pursuant to 38 U.S.C.
§ 7292(b)(1), the court has exclusive jurisdiction of certain
interlocutory orders of the Court of Veterans Appeals.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 10–0510–0–1–752

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
23.1
25.2
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Other services ................................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

7
1
4
1
1

9
1
4
1
1

9
2
4
1
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

14

16

17

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0510–0–1–752

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 actual

113

1998 est.

113

1999 est.

121

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES
Federal Funds

JUDICIAL BRANCH

Personnel Summary

UNITED STATES COURT OF INTERNATIONAL
TRADE
Federal Funds

AND

1997 actual

Identification code 10–0400–0–1–752

1011

General and special funds:
SALARIES

45

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

80

1998 est.

1999 est.

80

80

EXPENSES

For salaries of the chief judge and eight judges, salaries of the
officers and employees of the court, services as authorized by 5 U.S.C.
3109, and necessary expenses of the court, as authorized by law,
ø$11,449,000¿ $11,822,000. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0400–0–1–752

1997 actual

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS,
AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES
Federal Funds
General and special funds:

1998 est.

SALARIES

1999 est.

AND

EXPENSES

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

11

11

12

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

11
–11

11
–11

12
–12

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

11

11

12

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
11
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–10
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
1

1
11
–11

1
12
–12

1

1

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
10
11
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................

11
1

72.40

86.90
86.93
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

10

11

For the salaries of circuit and district judges (including judges
of the territorial courts of the United States), justices and judges
retired from office or from regular active service, judges of the United
States Court of Federal Claims, bankruptcy judges, magistrate
judges, and all other officers and employees of the Federal Judiciary
not otherwise specifically provided for, and necessary expenses of
the courts, as authorized by law, ø$2,682,400,000¿ $2,948,723,000
(including the purchase of firearms and ammunition); of which not
to exceed ø$13,454,000¿ $20,955,000 shall remain available until expended for space alteration projects; øof which $900,000 shall be
transferred to the Commission on Structural Alternatives for the
Federal Courts of Appeals, to remain available until expended;¿ and
of which not to exceed $10,000,000 shall remain available until expended for furniture and furnishings related to new space alteration
and construction projects.
In addition, for expenses of the United States Court of Federal
Claims associated with processing cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, not to exceed ø$2,450,000¿
$2,515,000, to be appropriated from the Vaccine Injury Compensation
Trust Fund. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998.)

12

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

11
10

11
11

12
12

The United States Court of International Trade, established
under Article III of the Constitution of the United States,
was created by the Act of October 10, 1980 (94 Stat. 1727),
effective November 1, 1980, as successor to the former United
States Customs Court. The court has original and exclusive
jurisdiction of civil actions against the United States, its agencies and officers, and certain civil actions brought by the
United States, arising out of import transactions and Federal
statutes affecting international trade. The court possesses all
the powers in law and equity of, or as conferred by statute
upon, a district court of the United States, and is authorized
to conduct jury trials. The geographical jurisdiction of the
court is nationwide and trials before the court may be held
at any place within the jurisdiction of the United States.
The court also is authorized to hold hearings in foreign countries. The principal statutory provisions pertaining to the
court are contained in the following sections of title 28 of
the United States Code: Organization, sections 251 to 257;
Jurisdiction, sections 1581 to 1585; and Procedures, sections
2631–2646.

11.1
12.1
23.1
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

4
5
1
1
4
5
1 ...................

1999 est.

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Courts of appeals ......................................................
00.02
District courts ............................................................
00.03
Bankruptcy courts .....................................................
00.04
Probation/Pretrial .......................................................

314
1,304
430
528

364
1,355
370
610

368
1,382
588
628

00.91
09.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

2,576
98

2,699
288

2,965
211

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

2,674

2,987

3,177

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

65
2,658

50
2,975

38
3,160

2,723
–2,674

3,025
–2,987

3,198
–3,177

50

38

21

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

11

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.15
Appropriation (emergency) ........................................

2,557
2,687
2,949
3 ................... ...................

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

2,560

2,687

2,949

98

288

211

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

2,658

2,975

3,160

68.00
5
1
5
1

10
11
12
1 ................... ...................
11

1997 actual

43.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0400–0–1–752

Identification code 10–0920–0–1–752

12

70.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
72.40

125
163
200
2,674
2,987
3,177
–2,621
–2,949
–3,160
–15 ................... ...................

46

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 10–0920–0–1–752

74.40

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

163

200

216

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

2,427
96
98

2,449
212
288

2,712
238
211

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2,621

2,949

3,160

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–56
–42

–243
–45

–167
–44

88.90

–98

–288

plies, equipment, and lawbooks and for rental of space, alterations, and related services for United States court facilities.
Probation/Pretrial.—This activity includes the salaries and
benefits of all probation and pretrial services officers and
supporting personnel. It provides for all expenses of operation
and maintenance such as travel expenses incurred by probation officers and supporting personnel in attending sessions
of court or transacting other official business, and for relocation expenses, communications, printing, contractual services,
supplies, equipment, and lawbooks and for rental of space,
alterations, and related services for Federal Probation Service
facilities.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

–211

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

2,560
2,523

2,687
2,661

2,949
2,949

Funds appropriated under this heading are for the salaries
and benefits of judges and supporting personnel and all operating expenses of the United States courts of appeals, district
courts, bankruptcy courts, and United States Court of Federal
Claims and are shown by activity:
Courts of Appeals.—This activity includes the salaries and
benefits of all active United States circuit judges, and all
such judges who have retired from office or from regular
active service in pursuance of law. In addition, it provides
for the salaries and expenses of the Courts of Appeals supporting personnel such as the administrative and legal aides
required to assist the judges in the hearing and decision
of appeals, and other judicial functions including all expenses
of operation and maintenance such as travel expenses incurred by judges and supporting personnel in attending sessions of court or transacting other official business, and for
relocation expenses, communications, printing, contractual
services, supplies, equipment, and lawbooks and for rental
of space, alterations, and related services for United States
court facilities.
District Courts.—This activity includes the salaries and
benefits of all active United States district judges, magistrate
judges and all such judges who have retired from office or
from regular active service in pursuance of law. In addition,
it provides for the salaries and expenses of the District Court
supporting personnel such as the administrative and legal
aides required to assist the judges in conduct of hearings,
trials, and other judicial functions including all expenses of
operation and maintenance such as travel expenses incurred
by judges and supporting personnel in attending sessions of
court or transacting other official business, and for relocation
expenses, communications, printing, contractual services, supplies, equipment, and lawbooks and for rental of space, alterations, and related services for United States court facilities.
Bankruptcy Courts.—This activity includes the salaries and
benefits of all active United States bankruptcy judges, and
all such judges who have retired from office or from regular
active service in pursuance of law. In addition, it provides
for the salaries and expenses of the Bankruptcy Court supporting personnel including all expenses of operation and
maintenance such as travel expenses incurred by judges and
supporting personnel in attending sessions of court or
transacting other official business, and for relocation expenses, communications, printing, contractual services, sup-

1997 actual

Identification code 10–0920–0–1–752

11.1
11.3
11.8

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Special personal services payments (retired
judges) ..............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1,252
49

1,528
13

1,617
13

63

69

67

1,364
295
3
25
3
477
21

1,610
341
2
21
2
379
23

1,697
364
2
24
2
496
23

24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

23
5
235
11
113

5
2
227
3
82

25
7
232
8
83

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

2,575
97
2

2,697
287
3

2,963
211
3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

2,674

2,987

3,177

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 10–0920–0–1–752

Direct:
1011 Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................
Reimbursable:
2011 Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

25,804

29,064

29,992

21

22

22

DEFENDER SERVICES
For the operation of Federal Public Defender and Community Defender organizations; the compensation and reimbursement of expenses of attorneys appointed to represent persons under the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, as amended; the compensation and reimbursement of expenses of persons furnishing investigative, expert and
other services under the Criminal Justice Act (18 U.S.C. 3006A(e));
the compensation (in accordance with Criminal Justice Act maximums) and reimbursement of expenses of attorneys appointed to assist the court in criminal cases where the defendant has waived
representation by counsel; the compensation and reimbursement of
travel expenses of guardians ad litem acting on behalf of financially
eligible minor or incompetent offenders in connection with transfers
from the United States to foreign countries with which the United
States has a treaty for the execution of penal sentences; and the
compensation of attorneys appointed to represent jurors in civil actions for the protection of their employment, as authorized by 28
U.S.C. 1875(d); ø$329,529,000¿ $360,952,000, to remain available
until expended as authorized by 18 U.S.C. 3006A(i). (The Judiciary
Appropriations Act, 1998.)

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

JUDICIAL BRANCH
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0923–0–1–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Direct program:
Direct program:
00.01
Federal Defender Organizations ................................
00.02
Panel attorneys ..........................................................
00.03
Transcripts .................................................................
00.04
General administrative expenses ..............................
09.10
Reimbursable Panel Attorneys ..................................

172
131
9
1
20

193
126
9
2
33

213
136
10
2
31

10.00

333

363

47

of the Federal Defender organizations, and for the continuing
education and training of persons providing representational
services under the Act. In addition, this appropriation is
available for the compensation of counsel: (1) appointed pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 3109 to assist the court in criminal cases
where the defendant has waived representation by counsel;
and (2) appointed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1875 to represent
jurors in civil actions for the protection of their employment.

392

Total obligations ........................................................

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 10–0923–0–1–752

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

330

363

392

3 ................... ...................
333
–333

363
–363

392
–392

310

330

361

20

33

31

330

363

392

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1
6
11
333
363
392
–326
–358
–392
–3 ................... ...................
6

11

356
5
31

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

313
20

330
33

361
31

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

333

363

392

326

85
21
3
13

96
24
4
15

103
26
4
17

3

3

3

111
9

104
9

117
10

24
2
1
4
37

25
3
1
5
41

25
3
1
5
47

Personnel Summary

392

1997 actual

Identification code 10–0923–0–1–752

358

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

FEES

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–20

–33

–31

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

310
305

330
325

361
361

89.00
90.00

99.0
99.0

25.2
25.2

11

305
325
1 ...................
20
33

1999 est.

25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3

25.2

72.40

1998 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services:
Compensation and out-of-pocket expenses of
court-appointed counsel ...................................
Transcripts ............................................................
Investigators, interpreters, psychiatrists, and
other experts .....................................................
Other services .......................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

Funds appropriated under this heading provide for the administration and operation of the Criminal Justice Act of
1964 (18 U.S.C. 3006A), as amended, which provides for furnishing representation for any person financially unable to
obtain adequate representation who: (1) is charged with a
felony or Class A, B, and C misdemeanor or infraction for
which a sentence to confinement is authorized, or with committing an act of juvenile delinquency, or with a violation
of probation; (2) is under arrest, when such representation
is required by law; (3) is entitled to appointment of counsel
in parole proceedings (18 U.S.C. 311); (4) is charged with
a violation of supervised release or faces modification, reduction, or enlargement of condition, or extension or revocation
of a term of supervised release; (5) is subject to a mental
condition hearing (18 U.S.C. 311); (6) is in custody as a material witness; (7) is entitled to appointment of counsel under
the sixth amendment to the Constitution; (8) faces loss of
liberty in a case, and Federal law requires the appointment
of counsel; (9) is entitled to the appointment of counsel under
18 U.S.C. 4109; or (10) is seeking relief under 28 U.S.C.
2241, 2254, or 2255. Representation includes counsel and investigative, expert, and other necessary services. The appropriation includes funding for the compensation and expenses
of court-appointed counsel and persons providing investigative, expert and other services under the Act, for the operation

OF

JURORS

AND

1998 est.

1,412

1,552

1999 est.

1,603

COMMISSIONERS

For fees and expenses of jurors as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 1871
and 1876; compensation of jury commissioners as authorized by 28
U.S.C. 1863; and compensation of commissioners appointed in condemnation cases pursuant to rule 71A(h) of the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure (28 U.S.C. Appendix Rule 71A(h)); ø$64,438,000¿
$68,173,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the
compensation of land commissioners shall not exceed the daily equivalent of the highest rate payable under section 5332 of title 5, United
States Code. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0925–0–1–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.03
00.04

Obligations by program activity:
Grand jurors ...................................................................
Petit jurors .....................................................................

15
50

16
52

16
54

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

65

68

70

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1
67

4 ...................
64
69

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

68
–65

68
–68

69
–70

4 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
67
64
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

68

1

48

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
10.00

General and special funds—Continued
FEES

OF

JURORS

AND

COMMISSIONERS—Continued

1997 actual

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

67

138

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

168

180

21.40

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 10–0925–0–1–752

Total obligations ........................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

64

69

72.40

3
65
–64

3
68
–67

4
70
–68

3

4

6

23.90
23.95

138
–138

168
–168

180
–180

61
3

63
4

67
1

87.00

64

67

68

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

127

167

179

10

1

1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

137

168

180

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

33
138
–137

36
168
–159

45
180
–176

36

45

48

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

1 ................... ...................
137
168
180

–1

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

67
64

64
67

68
67

This appropriation provides for the statutory fees and allowances of jurors, refreshments of jurors, and compensation of
land commissioners appointed in condemnation cases pursuant to Rule 71A(h) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Budgetary requirements depend largely on the volume and
length of jury trials demanded by the parties to both civil
and criminal actions and the number of grand juries being
convened by the courts at the request of United States attorneys.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 10–0925–0–1–752

11.8
21.0
23.3
25.2
26.0

1998 est.

Personnel compensation: Special personal services
payments ...................................................................
40
42
Travel and transportation of persons (jurors) ...............
23
24
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1
1
Other services (meals and lodging furnished sequestered juror ..................................................................
1
1
Supplies and materials ................................................. ................... ...................

1999 est.

42
25
1

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

93
34
10

122
36
1

131
45
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

137

159

176

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–10

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

127
128

167
158

179
175

89.00
90.00

This appropriation provides for the necessary expenses of
security and protective services for the United States Courts
in courtrooms and adjacent areas, including building ingressegress control, inspection of packages, directed security patrols, and other similar activities, to be expended directly
or transferred to the United States Marshals Service which
shall be responsible for administering elements of the judicial
facility security program.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

1
1

1997 actual

Identification code 10–0930–0–1–752

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

65

68

COURT SECURITY
For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided for, incident to
the procurement, installation, and maintenance of security equipment
and protective services for the United States Courts in courtrooms
and adjacent areas, including building ingress-egress control, inspection of packages, directed security patrols, and other similar activities
as authorized by section 1010 of the Judicial Improvement and Access
to Justice Act (Public Law 100–702); ø$167,214,000¿ $179,055,000,
of which not to exceed $10,000,000 shall remain available until expended for security systems, to be expended directly or transferred
to the United States Marshals Service which shall be responsible
for administering øelements of¿ the Judicial Security Program consistent with standards or guidelines agreed to by the Director of
the Administrative Office of the United States Courts and the Attorney General. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998.)

00.01
09.10

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

1997 actual

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Other services ............................................................
Equipment .................................................................

1
1
2
113
11

4
1
2
139
21

4
1
2
157
15

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

128
10

167
1

179
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

138

168

180

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0930–0–1–752

1011

1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

28

1998 est.

35

1999 est.

36

JUDICIARY FILING FEES
1998 est.

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

1999 est.

Identification code 10–5100–0–2–752

128
10

1999 est.

11.1
21.0
23.1
25.2
31.0

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0930–0–1–752

1998 est.

70

167
1

179
1

01.99

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

JUDICIAL BRANCH
Receipts:
Filing Fees, U.S. Courts, Judiciary .................................
97
89
89
Appropriation:
05.01 Judiciary filiing fees ......................................................
–97
–89
–89
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

86.98

49

Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

4 ...................

02.01

Identification code 10–5100–0–2–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................

55

236

136

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

152
97

194
89
283
–236

3

10

6

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

6
3

6
10

6
6

This schedule reflects funds available to the Federal Judiciary, pursuant to Public Law 100–459, which provides that
any funds collected by the Judiciary as a charge for services
rendered in administering accounts kept in a court’s registry
shall be deposited into this account.

47
89

249
–55

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

89.00
90.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

87.00

136
–136

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

194

New budget authority (gross), detail:
60.25 Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

97

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

47 ...................

89

89

72.40

72
55
–85

43 ...................
236
136
–279
–136

43 ................... ...................

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

13
72

42
237

89
47

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

85

279

JUDICIARY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FUND
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Advances and reimbursements .....................................
191
152
171
02.02 Proceeds from sale of property .....................................
8
8
8
02.99

Total receipts .............................................................
199
160
179
Appropriation:
05.01 Judiciary information technology fund ..........................
–199
–160
–179
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

136

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

89
279

89
136

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

196

222

190

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

75
199

78
160

16
179

274
–196

238
–222

195
–190

78

16

5

199

160

179

74
196
–173

97
222
–177

141
190
–214

97

141

118

10.00
97
85

1997 actual

21.40

REGISTRY ADMINISTRATION
23.90
23.95
24.40

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5101–0–2–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Fees, Registry administration, Judiciary ........................
6
6
6
Appropriation:
05.01 Registry administration .................................................
–6
–6
–6
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–5101–0–2–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

60.25

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................

6

6

6

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

99
74

123
54

149
65

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

6
–6

6
–6

6
–6

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

173

177

214

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

199
173

160
177

179
214

New budget authority (gross), detail:
60.25 Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

6

6

6

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
4 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
6
6
6
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–3
–10
–6
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
4 ................... ...................
72.40

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

3

6

6

The Judiciary Information Technology Fund is a stable and
flexible funding vehicle for the expansion, management, and
use of automation throughout the Judiciary in accordance
with the Long Range Plan for Automation of the Federal
Judiciary. Funds are available without fiscal year limitation.
The Fund consists of deposits from appropriations, reimbursements, user fees, and sale of surplus equipment. Appropriate
automation costs are paid directly out of the Fund.

50

COURTS OF APPEALS, DISTRICT COURTS, AND OTHER JUDICIAL SERVICES—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued

by 31 U.S.C. 1345, hire of a passenger motor vehicle as authorized
by 31 U.S.C. 1343(b), advertising and rent in the District of Columbia
and elsewhere, ø$52,000,000¿ $56,156,000, of which not to exceed
$7,500 is authorized for official reception and representation expenses. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998.)

JUDICIARY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FUND—Continued
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

16
3
4
31
12
41
6
83

17
3
8
42
11
64
5
72

17
3
6
43
11
50
5
55

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

196

222

190

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0927–0–1–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

13

1998 est.

16

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to other accounts

1998 est.

Total obligations ........................................................

82

90

94

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

82
–82

90
–90

94
–94

50

52

56

32

38

38

82

90

94

16

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

1
6
7
18
7
10
2
5
38

1999 est.

NATIONAL FINE CENTER

Identification code 10–5115–0–2–752

1
5
7
15
6
10
3
5
38

22.00
23.95

1997 actual

Identification code 10–5114–0–2–752

1
5
7
15
6
9
3
4
32

10.00

Personnel Summary

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Executive direction ....................................................
00.02
Program direction and policy formulation ................
00.03
Court programs .........................................................
00.04
Facilities, Security and Administrative Services .......
00.05
Finance and Budget ..................................................
00.06
Human resources and statistics ...............................
00.07
Information technology ..............................................
00.08
Judges programs .......................................................
09.10 Reimbursable program ..................................................

1999 est.

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

19
–18

1 ...................
–1 ...................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
2 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
82
90
94
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–82
–90
–94
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
2 ................... ...................
72.40

23.90
24.40

89.00
90.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

The National Fine Center was established in accordance
with the Criminal Fine Improvements Act of 1987, P.L. 100–
185, effective December 11, 1987, which provided authority
(18 U.S.C. 3611 and 3612) for the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to specify that payments of
fines be made to the clerk of the court or as provided by
his authority to ‘‘establish procedures and mechanisms within
the judicial branch for processing fines, restitution, forfeitures
of bail bonds or collateral, and assessments’’ (28 U.S.C.
604(a)(18)).
The National Fine Center closed on December 31, 1996,
after an independent assessment determined that a national
approach to fine collection was not viable. Nearly all unobligated balances were transferred back to the Crime Victims
Fund in 1997.
Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 10–5115–0–2–752

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1 ................... ...................

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE UNITED
STATES COURTS
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Administrative Office of the United
States Courts as authorized by law, including travel as authorized

86.90
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

50
32

52
38

56
38

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

82

90

94

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–32

–38

–38

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

50
48

52
52

56
56

89.00
90.00

The Office, pursuant to section 604 of title 28, United
States Code, under the supervision and direction of the Judicial Conference of the United States, is responsible for the
administration of the U.S. courts, including the probation and
bankruptcy systems. The principal functions consist of providing staff and services for the courts; conducting a continuous
study of the rules of practice and procedure in the Federal
courts; examining the state of dockets of the various courts;
compiling and publishing statistical data concerning the business transacted by the courts; and administering the Judicial
Survivors’ Annuities Fund under title 28, United States Code,
section 376. The Office also is responsible for: the preparation
and submission of the annual budget estimates as well as
supplemental and deficiency estimates; the disbursement of
and accounting for moneys appropriated for the operation of
the courts, the Public Defender Service for the District of
Columbia, and the Federal Judicial Center; the audit and
examination of accounts; the purchase and distribution of supplies and equipment; providing automated data processing
services; securing adequate space for occupancy by the courts;
and such other matters as may be assigned by the Supreme
Court and Judicial Conference of the United States.

FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER
Trust Funds

JUDICIAL BRANCH
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 10–0927–0–1–752

11.1
11.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1998 est.

1999 est.

36
1

38
1

41
1

37
7
1

39
7
1

42
8
1

25.2
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Equipment .................................................................

1
3
1

1
3
1

1
3
1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

50
32

52
38

56
38

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

82

90

94

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

This appropriation provides for the operation of the Federal
Judicial Center pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 620 et. seq. The Center is charged with the responsibility for furthering the development and adoption of improved judicial administration in
the courts of the United States.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.9

1998 est.

1999 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
8
8
9
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
2
2
2
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
4
4
4
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges ...................
1
1
Other services ................................................................
1
1
1
Supplies and materials .................................................
1
1
1
Equipment (including library) ........................................
1 ................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

17

17

18

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

1998 est.

1011

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................
Reimbursable:
2011 Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 actual

Identification code 10–0928–0–1–752

1999 est.

1011

645

657

272

272

127

1998 est.

1999 est.

140

144

668

272

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

Trust Funds
GIFTS

AND

DONATIONS, FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER FOUNDATION
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER

Identification code 10–8123–0–7–752

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

1997 actual

Identification code 10–0928–0–1–752

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0927–0–1–752

51

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Gifts and donations, Federal Judicial Center Foundation, BRD ...................................................................
1
1
1
Appropriation:
05.01 Gifts and donations, Federal Judicial Center Foundation ............................................................................
–1
–1
–1
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Federal Judicial Center, as authorized by Public Law 90–219, ø$17,495,000¿ $18,470,000; of which
$1,800,000 shall remain available through September 30, ø1999¿
2000, to provide education and training to Federal court personnel;
and of which not to exceed $1,000 is authorized for official reception
and representation expenses. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act,
1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0928–0–1–752

1997 actual

Identification code 10–8123–0–7–752

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Administration and support services ............................
00.02 Education and training ..................................................
00.03 Research and technology ...............................................

3
11
3

4
11
2

5
11
2

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

17

17

18

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

17
–17

17
–17

18
–18

New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation ..................................................................
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 99.5) ............................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1997 actual

1

1998 est.

1999 est.

1

1

21.40

1 ................... ...................
1
1
1

17

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

2
–1

1
–1

1
–1

60.27
17

23.90
23.95

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

1

1

1

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ................... ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
1
1
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–1
–1
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
1

1
1
–1

18
72.40

4
17
–17

4
17
–17

4
18
–18

4

4

4

1

86.97
14
3

13
4

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

1

1

1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

14
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

17

17

18

89.00
90.00

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

17
17

17
17

18
18

This schedule reflects funds available to the Federal Judicial Center pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 629, which provides that
the purpose of the Federal Judicial Center Foundation shall

FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER—Continued
Trust Funds—Continued

52
GIFTS

AND

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

05.01

DONATIONS, FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER FOUNDATION—
Continued

be to have sole authority to accept and receive gifts of real
and personal property and services made for the purpose of
aiding or facilitating the work of the Federal Judicial Center
and that, gifts of money and proceeds from sales of other
property received as gifts shall be deposited in a separate
fund in the Treasury of the United States and disbursed
on the order of the Director of the Center.

Appropriation:
Judicial officers’ retirement fund ..................................

–24

–30

–34

05.99
07.99

Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

–24
3

–30
2

–34
2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–8122–0–7–602

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.10

Obligations by program activity:
Judicial Officers Retirement Fund .................................

10

16

16

10.00

Total obligations (object class 42.0) ........................

10

16

16

14

1

JUDICIAL RETIREMENT FUNDS
PAYMENT

TO

For payment to the Judicial Officers’ Retirement Fund, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 377(o), ø$25,000,000¿ $27,500,000; to the Judicial
Survivors’ Annuities Fund, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 376(c),
ø$7,400,000¿ $7,800,000; and to the United States Court of Federal
Claims Judges’ Retirement Fund, as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 178(l),
ø$1,800,000¿ $2,000,000. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998.)

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

69
24

84
30

100
34

93
–10

114
–16

134
–16

14

1

1

21

25

28

24.41
24.42

2
7

2
7

2
8

24.99

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

84

100

117

30

34

38
60.26
60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, definite) ...............................
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

21
3

25
5

28
6

63.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

24

30

34

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

24

30

34

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

10
–10

16
–16

16
–16

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

10

16

16

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

24
11

30
16

34
16

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

24.40

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Payment to Judicial Officers’ Retirement Fund .............
00.02 Payment to Court of Federal Claims Judges Retirement Fund .................................................................
00.03 Payment to Judicial Survivors’ Annuities Fund .............
10.00

72
99
–2 ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
U.S. Securities:
Par value ...............................................................
Unrealized discounts .............................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0941–0–1–752

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
U.S. Securities:
21.41
Par value ...............................................................
71
21.42
Unrealized discounts .............................................
–2

23.90
23.95

JUDICIARY TRUST FUNDS

Total obligations (object class 12.1) ........................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

30
–30

34
–34

38
–38

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

30

34

72
99
116
–2 ................... ...................

38

40.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

30
–30

34
–34

30

34

30
30

34
34

38
–38

38

38
38

This appropriation request would provide funds necessary
to pay the retirement annuities of bankruptcy judges and
magistrate judges, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. sec. 377, the retirement annuities of the United States Court of Federal Claims
judges, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. sec. 178, and annuities to participants’ surviving widows and dependent children, pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. sec. 376.

This fund provides the retirement annuities of bankruptcy
judges and magistrate judges pursuant to 28 U.S.C. section
377.

JUDICIAL SURVIVORS’ ANNUITIES FUND
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–8110–0–7–602

Trust Funds

01.99

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–8122–0–7–602

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.02 Interest and profits on investments, judicial officers
retirement annuity .....................................................
02.04 Federal payment to judicial officers retirement fund,
BRD ............................................................................
02.99
04.00

01.99

1997 actual

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Judicial survivors annuity fund, deductions from employees salaries .........................................................
02.02 Judicial survivors annuity, interest and profits on
investments ...............................................................
02.03 Federal payment to judicial survivors annuities fund
02.99

JUDICIAL OFFICERS’ RETIREMENT FUND

1998 est.

1999 est.

2

3

2

4

4

6

21

25

28

Total receipts .............................................................

25

29

34

Total: Balances and collections ....................................

27

32

36

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

4

3

3

4

4

4

19
7

20
7

21
8

Total receipts .............................................................

30

31

33

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Judicial survivors’ annuities fund .................................

34

34

36

–31

–31

–34

05.99
07.99

–31
3

–31
3

–34
2

04.00

Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION
Federal Funds

JUDICIAL BRANCH
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 10–8110–0–7–602

53

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1998 est.

1999 est.

1997 actual

Identification code 10–8124–0–7–602

00.10

Obligations by program activity:
Judicial Survivor’s Annuity Fund ...................................

9

13

11

10.00

Total obligations (object class 42.0) ........................

9

13

11

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested .................................................................
U.S. Securities:
21.41
Par value ...............................................................
21.42
Unrealized discounts .............................................

259
–3

278
296
–3 ...................

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

258
31

279
31

298
34

23.90
23.95

289
–9

310
–13

332
–11

4

2

24.99

1999 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Court of Federal Claims Judges Retirement Fund ........ ................... ...................

1

10.00

Total obligations (object class 42.0) ........................ ................... ...................

1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
21.41
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................
3

2 ...................
3
6

21.99
22.00

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

5
2

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
5
7
8
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
–1
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
2 ................... ...................
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................
3
6
8

2

24.41
24.42

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
U.S. Securities:
Par value ...............................................................
Unrealized discounts .............................................

1998 est.

2

4

2

24.40
24.41

3
2

6
2

24.99

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

5

6

8

278
296
319
–3 ................... ...................

60.26

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, definite) ...............................

2

2

2

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

279

298

321

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

1

60.26
60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, definite) ...............................
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

7
24

7
24

8
26

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

1

63.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

31

31

34

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
2
2
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

2
1

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

31

31

34

24.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

9
–9

13
–13

11
–11

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

9

13

This fund provides the retirement annuities of United
States Court of Federal Claims judges pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
section 178.

11

86.97

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION

31
9

31
13

34
11

The Judicial Survivors’ Annuities Fund (section 376 of title
28, United States Code) was established to receive sums deducted and withheld from salaries of justices, judges, the Director of the Federal Judicial Center, the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, and the Administrative
Assistant to the Chief Justice who have elected to bring themselves within the purview of the above section as well as
amounts received from said judicial officers covering Federal
civilian service prior to date of election.
This fund provides an annuity for participants’ surviving
widows and dependent children.

UNITED STATES COURT

OF

1997 actual

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For the salaries and expenses necessary to carry out the provisions
of chapter 58 of title 28, United States Code, ø$9,240,000¿ $9,900,000,
of which not to exceed $1,000 is authorized for official reception
and representation expenses. (The Judiciary Appropriations Act,
1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–0938–0–1–752

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1997 actual

8

1998 est.

1999 est.

9

10

21.40

1 ................... ...................
8
9
10

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Federal payment to Court of Federal Claims Judges’
Retirement Fund ........................................................
2
2
2
Appropriation:
05.01 Court of Federal Claims judges’ retirement fund .........
–2
–2
–2
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

9
–8

9
–9

10
–10

40.00

FEDERAL CLAIMS JUDGES’ RETIREMENT
FUND

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–8124–0–7–602

Federal Funds
General and special funds:

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

8

9

10

3
8
–8

3
9
–9

3
10
–10

3

3

3

7

6

7

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

54

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

30

40

60

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

30
30

40
40

60
60

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1997 actual

Identification code 10–0938–0–1–752

1998 est.

1999 est.

86.93

Outlays from current balances ......................................

1

3

3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

8

9

10

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

8
8

9
9

10
10

The United States Sentencing Commission, an independent
agency within the judicial branch, was established pursuant
to provisions of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984
(Public Law 98–473, Title II), as amended. The Commission’s
principal purposes are: (1) to establish sentencing policies
and practices for the federal courts, including guidelines prescribing the appropriate form and severity of punishment for
offenders convicted of federal crimes; (2) to advise and assist
Congress and the executive branch in the development of
effective and efficient crime policy; and (3) to collect, analyze,
research, and distribute a broad array of information on federal crime and sentencing issues, serving as an information
resource for Congress, the executive branch, the courts, criminal justice practitioners, the academic community, and the
public.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 10–0938–0–1–752

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
25.2

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................

5
2
1

5
2
1

6
2
1

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
8
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

8
1

9
1

9

10

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

8

Personnel Summary
Identification code 10–0938–0–1–752

1011

Total compensable workyears: Exempt Full-time equivalent employment ......................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

98

1999 est.

108

108

VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS
VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS
For activities of the Federal Judiciary as authorized by law,
ø$40,000,000¿ $60,000,000, to remain available until expended, which
shall be derived from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, as
authorized by section 190001(a) of Public Law 103–322, and sections
818 and 823 of Public Law 104–132. (The Judiciary Appropriations
Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 10–8516–0–1–752

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.3) ............................

30

40

60

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

30
–30

40
–40

60
–60

42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

30

40

60

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

30
–30

40
–40

60
–60

The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of
1994 created the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund
(VCRTF). Funds are authorized to be appropriated to the
Judiciary to help meet the increased demands for judicial
activities resulting from the act, including drug testing of
Federal offenders on post-conviction release.

GENERAL PROVISIONS—THE JUDICIARY
SEC. 301. Appropriations and authorizations made in this title
which are available for salaries and expenses shall be available for
services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109.
SEC. 302. Not to exceed 5 percent of any appropriation made available for the current fiscal year for the Judiciary in this Act may
be transferred between such appropriations, but no such appropriation, except ‘‘Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other Judicial
Services, Defender Services’’ and ‘‘Courts of Appeals, District Courts,
and Other Judicial Services, Fees of Jurors and Commissioners’’,
shall be increased by more than 10 percent by any such transfers:
Provided, That any transfer pursuant to this section shall be treated
as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 of this Act and
shall not be available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section.
SEC. 303. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the salaries
and expenses appropriation for district courts, courts of appeals, and
other judicial services shall be available for official reception and
representation expenses of the Judicial Conference of the United
States: Provided, That such available funds shall not exceed $10,000
and shall be administered by the Director of the Administrative Office
of the United States Courts in his capacity as Secretary of the Judicial Conference.
øSEC. 304. Section 612 of title 28, United States Code, shall be
amended by striking out subsection (l).¿
øSEC. 305. (a) Commission on Structural Alternatives for the Federal Courts of Appeals.—¿
ø(1) Establishment and functions of commission.—
(A) Establishment.—There is established a Commission on
Structural Alternatives for the Federal Courts of Appeals (hereinafter referred to as the ‘‘Commission’’).
(B) Functions.—The functions of the Commission shall be to—
(i) study the present division of the United States into the
several judicial circuits;
(ii) study the structure and alignment of the Federal Court
of Appeals system, with particular reference to the Ninth Circuit; and
(iii) report to the President and the Congress its recommendations for such changes in circuit boundaries or structure as may be appropriate for the expeditious and effective
disposition of the caseload of the Federal Courts of Appeals,
consistent with fundamental concepts of fairness and due process.¿
ø(2) Membership.—
(A) Composition.—The Commission shall be composed of 5
members who shall be appointed by the Chief Justice of the
United States.
(B) Appointment.—The members of the Commission shall be
appointed within 30 days after the date of enactment of this
Act.
(C) Vacancy.—Any vacancy in the Commission shall be filled
in the same manner as the original appointment.
(D) Chair.—The Commission shall elect a Chair and Vice Chair
from among its members.
(E) Quorum.—Three members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum, but two may conduct hearings.¿
ø(3) Compensation.—
(A) In general.—Members of the Commission who are officers,
or full-time employees, of the United States shall receive no
additional compensation for their services, but shall be
reimbursedfor travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses
incurred in the performance of duties vested in the Commission,

JUDICIAL BRANCH
but not in excess of the maximum amounts authorized under
section 456 of title 28, United States Code.
ø(B) Private members.—Members of the Commission from private life shall receive $200 for each day (including travel time)
during which the member is engaged in the actual performance
of duties, but not in excess of the maximum amounts authorized
under section 456 of title 28, United States Code.¿
ø(4) Personnel.—
(A) Executive director.—The Commission may appoint an Executive Director who shall receive compensation at a rate not exceeding the rate prescribed for level V of the Executive Schedule
under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
(B) Staff.—The Executive Director, with the approval of the
Commission, may appoint and fix the compensation of such additional personnel as the Executive Director determines necessary,
without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code,
governing appointments in the competitive service or the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such
title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates.
Compensation under this paragraph shall not exceed the annual
maximum rate of basic pay for a position above GS-15 of the
General Schedule under section 5108 of title 5, United States
Code.
(C) Experts and consultants.—The Executive Director may procure personal services of experts and consultants as authorized
by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, at rates not to
exceed the highest level payable under the General Schedule
pay rates under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code.
(D) Services.—The Administrative Office of the United States
Courts shall provide administrative services, including financial
and budgeting services, to the Commission on a reimbursable
basis. The Federal Judicial Center shall provide necessary research services to the Commission on a reimbursable basis.¿
ø(5) Information.—The Commission is authorized to request from
any department, agency, or independent instrumentality of the
Government anyinformation and assistance the Commission determines necessary to carry out its functions under this section. Each
such department, agency, and independent instrumentality is authorized to provide such information and assistance to the extent
permitted by law when requested by the Chair of the Commission.¿
ø(6) Report.—The Commission shall conduct the studies required
in this section during the 10-month period beginning on the date
on which a quorum of the Commission has been appointed. Not
later than 2 months following the completion of such 10-month
period, the Commission shall submit its report to the President
and the Congress. The Commission shall terminate 90 days after
the date of the submission of its report.
(b) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be
appropriated to the Commission such sums, not to exceed $900,000,
as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this section. Such
sums as are appropriated shall remain available until expended.¿
SEC. ø306¿ 304. Pursuant to section 140 of Public Law 97–92,
justices and judges of the United States are authorized during fiscal
year ø1998¿ 1999, to receive a salary adjustment in accordance with
28 U.S.C. 461ø: Provided, That $5,000,000 is appropriated for salary
adjustments pursuant to this section and such funds shall be transferred to and merged with appropriations in Title III of this Act¿.
øSEC. 307. Section 44(c) of title 28, United States Code, is amended
by adding at the end thereof the following sentence: ‘‘In each circuit
(other than the Federal judicial circuit) there shall be at least one
circuit judge in regular active service appointed from the residents
of each state in that circuit.’’.¿
øSEC. 308. Section 3006A(d) of title 18, United States Code, is
amended by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:

GENERAL PROVISIONS—THE JUDICIARY—Continued

55

‘‘(4) Disclosure of fees.—¿
ø‘‘(A) In general.—Subject to subparagraphs (B) through (E),
the amounts paid under this subsection for services in any case
shall be made available to the public by the court upon the
court’s approval of the payment.¿
ø‘‘(B) Pre-trial or trial in progress.—If a trial is in pre-trial
status or still in progress and after considering the defendant’s
interests as set forth in subparagraph (D), the court shall—
‘‘(i) redact any detailed information on the payment voucher
provided by defensecounsel to justify the expenses to the court;
and
‘‘(ii) make public only the amounts approved for payment
to defense counsel by dividing those amounts into the following
categories:
‘‘(I) Arraignment and or plea.
‘‘(II) Bail and detention hearings.
‘‘(III) Motions.
‘‘(IV) Hearings.
‘‘(V) Interviews and conferences.
‘‘(VI) Obtaining and reviewing records.
‘‘(VII) Legal research and brief writing.
‘‘(VIII) Travel time.
‘‘(IX) Investigative work.
‘‘(X) Experts.
‘‘(XI) Trial and appeals.
‘‘(XII) Other.¿
ø‘‘(C) Trial completed.—
‘‘(i) In general.—If a request for payment is not submitted
until after the completion of the trial and subject to consideration of the defendant’s interests as set forth in subparagraph
(D), the court shall make available to the public an unredacted
copy of the expense voucher.
‘‘(ii) Protection of the rights of the defendant.—lf the court
determines that defendant’s interests as set forth in subparagraph (D) require a limited disclosure, the court shall disclose
amounts as provided in subparagraph (B).¿
ø‘‘(D) Considerations.—The interests referred to in subparagraphs (B) and (C) are—
‘‘(i) to protect any person’s 5th amendment right against
self-incrimination;
‘‘(ii) to protect the defendant’s 6th amendment rights to effective assistance of counsel;
‘‘(iii) the defendant’s attorney-client privilege;
‘‘(iv) the work product privilege of the defendant’s counsel;
‘‘(v) the safety of any person; and
‘‘(vi) any other interest that justice may require.¿
ø‘‘(E) Notice.—The court shall provide reasonable notice of disclosure to the counsel of the defendant prior to the approval
of the payments in order to allow the counsel to request redaction
based on the considerations set forth in subparagraph (D). Upon
completion of the trial, the court shall release unredacted copies
of the vouchers provided by defense counsel to justify the expenses to the court. If there is an appeal, the court shall not
release unredacted copies of the vouchers provided by defense
counsel to justify the expenses to the court until such time as
the appeals process is completed, unless the court determines
that none of the defendant’s interests set forth in subparagraph
(D) will be compromised.¿
ø‘‘(F) Effective date.—The amendment made by paragraph (4)
shall become effective 60 days after enactment of this Act, will
apply only to cases filed on or after the effective date, and shall
be in effect for no longer than twenty-four months after the
effective date.’’.¿ (The Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998.)

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
OFFICE

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
Federal Funds
OF THE

SECRETARY

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

OFFICE

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture,
and not to exceed $75,000 for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109,
ø$2,836,000¿ $2,941,000: Provided, That not to exceed $11,000 of
this amount, along with any unobligated balances of representation
funds in the Foreign Agricultural Service, shall be available for official reception and representation expenses, not otherwise provided
for, as determined by the Secretary: Provided further, That none
of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act
may be used to pay the salaries and expenses of personnel of the
Department of Agriculture to carry out section 793(c)(1)(C) of Public
Law 104–127: Provided further, That none of the funds made available by this Act may be used to enforce section 793(d) of Public
Law 104–127.
OFFICE

OF THE

ASSISTANT SECRETARY

FOR

ADMINISTRATION

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Assistant
Secretary for Administration to carry out the programs funded in
this Act, ø$613,000¿ $636,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

ASSISTANT SECRETARY
RELATIONS

FOR

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Assistant
Secretary for Congressional Relations to carry out the programs funded in this Act, including programs involving intergovernmental affairs
and liaison within the executive branch, ø$3,668,000¿ $3,814,000:
Provided, That no other funds appropriated to the Department by
this Act shall be available to the Department for support of activities
of congressional relations: Provided further, That not less than
ø$2,241,000¿ $2,332,000 shall be transferred to agencies funded in
this Act to maintain personnel at the agency level.
OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR RESEARCH, EDUCATION
ECONOMICS

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Research, Education and Economics to administer the
laws enacted by the Congress for the Economic Research Service,
the National Agricultural Statistics Service, the Agricultural Research Service, and the Cooperative State Research, Education, and
Extension Service, ø$540,000¿ $560,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR MARKETING
REGULATORY PROGRAMS

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY

FOR

FOOD SAFETY

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Food Safety to administer the laws enacted by the
Congress for the Food Safety and Inspection Service, ø$446,000¿
$598,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR FARM
AGRICULTURAL SERVICES

AND

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY

FOR

RURAL DEVELOPMENT

OFFICE

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR FOOD, NUTRITION
CONSUMER SERVICES

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services to administer
the laws enacted by the Congress for the Food and øConsumer¿
Nutrition Service, ø$554,000¿ $573,000. (7 U.S.C. 2201–2202; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0115–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03

Obligations by program activity:
Office of the Secretary ...................................................
Under/Assistant Secretaries ...........................................
Service Center Implementation ......................................

3
6
1

3
6
2

3
6
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

10

11

10

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

4
9

3
9

1
9

13
–10

12
–11

10
–10

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

3

1 ...................

40.00
41.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
Transferred to other accounts .......................................

11
–2

11
–2

12
–2

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

9

9

10

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

9

9

10

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

4
10
–7

6
11
–14

3
10
–12

6

3

1

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
7
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

8
6

9
3

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Assistant
Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs to administer programs under the laws enacted by the Congress for the Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service, the Agricultural Marketing Service,
and the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration,
ø$618,000¿ $642,000.
OFFICE

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Rural Development to administer programs under the
laws enacted by the Congress for the Rural Housing Service, the
Rural Business-Cooperative Service, and the Rural Utilities Service
of the Department of Agriculture, ø$588,000¿ $611,000.

CONGRESSIONAL

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

OFFICE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR NATURAL RESOURCES
ENVIRONMENT

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment to administer the
laws enacted by the Congress for the Forest Service and the Natural
Resources Conservation Service, ø$693,000¿ $719,000.

General and special funds:
OFFICE

OF THE

FOREIGN

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services to administer
the laws enacted by Congress for the Farm Service Agency, the Foreign Agricultural Service, the Risk Management Agency, and the
Commodity Credit Corporation, ø$572,000¿ $597,000.

72.40

86.90
86.93
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

7

14

12

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

9
7

9
14

9
12

The Office of the Secretary covers the overall planning,
coordination, and administration of the Department’s programs. This includes the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Under
Secretaries, Assistant Secretaries, and their immediate staffs,
57

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

58

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
1150
1150
1150

General and special funds—Continued
OFFICE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR FOOD, NUTRITION
CONSUMER SERVICES—Continued

OF THE

AND

Direct Farm Ownership Loans .......................................
Direct water and waste disposal loans ........................
Rural housing for domestic farm labor loans ..............

10 ................... ...................
4 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Section 502 housing loans ............................................
1320 Direct Farm Ownership Loans .......................................
1320 Direct water and waste disposal loans ........................
1320 Rural housing for domestic farm labor loans ..............

124 ................... ...................
14.18
21.03
9.02
47.77

1329

18.40 ................... ...................

1159

who provide top policy guidance for the Department; maintain
relationships with agricultural organizations and others in
the development of farm programs; and provide liaison with
the Executive Office of the President and Members of Congress on all matters pertaining to agricultural policy.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0115–0–1–352

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
25.2

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................

6
1
2

6
2
2

6
2
1

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

9
1

10
1

9
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

10

11

10

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Section 502 housing loans ............................................
1330 Direct Farm Ownership Loans .......................................
1330 Direct water and waste disposal loans ........................
1330 Rural housing for domestic farm labor loans ..............
1339

15
2
1
1

...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Section 502 housing loans ............................................
1340 Direct Farm Ownership Loans .......................................
1340 Direct water and waste disposal loans ........................
1340 Rural housing for domestic farm labor loans ..............

19 ................... ...................

1349

19 ................... ...................

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

15
2
1
1

...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0115–0–1–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

FUND

FOR

61

1998 est.

1999 est.

82

82

RURAL AMERICA

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0012–0–1–999

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Rural development activities .........................................
Research, extension and education grants ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

44 ...................
2
34
46

34

50
50
100

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
34 ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
80 ...................
100
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

60.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

80
–46

34
–34

100
–100

34 ................... ...................

80 ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
46
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–41
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
5

100

72.40

86.97
86.98

5
34
–17

22
100
–66

22

56

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
41 ...................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................
17

55
11

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

41

17

66

80 ...................
41
17

100
66

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0012–0–1–999

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Section 502 housing loans ............................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

109 ................... ...................

The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of
1996 (1996 Act) established the Fund for Rural America to
provide support to rural communities across the United
States. The 1996 Act provided that $100 million be made
available on January 1, 1997 for use by the Fund. The 1997
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery for
Natural Disasters (P.L. 105–18) limited the available funding
for the Fund to $80 million. As authorized by the 1996 Act,
the Secretary of Agriculture allocated the available funding
between rural development and research activities. The Act
specifies that at least one-third of the funds be allocated
to rural development activities and one-third to research activities. No more than two-thirds of the available funds may
be made available for rural development activities.
In 1997, the Secretary allocated $44 million of the available
funding to support ongoing rural development activities. A
portion of this funding was used to reduce the existing backlogs in high priority rural development programs including
the Water and Waste Disposal Loans and Grants, Section
502 Single Family Housing Loans, and the Distance Learning/
Medical Link programs. Another portion was used to bolster
current operations of the Alternative Agricultural Research
and Commercialization Corporation, and fund additional
Rural Business Enterprise Grants. Farm Labor Loans/Grants,
and technical assistance to the Enterprise Communities and
Empowerment Zones. Funding was also used to fund additional loans in the Beginning Farmer Loan program and additional grants under Section 2501 for Outreach for Socially
Disadvantaged Producers.
Another $36 million was provided for research, extension,
and education grants. Of this $36 million, $26 million was
allocated to projects designed to: (1) increase international
competitiveness, profitability and efficiency; (2) enhance the
economic standing of rural communities; and (3) improve environmental stewardship. An additional $8 million was allocated to research activities that focus specifically on the development of methods to counter increasing concentration within
the livestock and poultry industries, improvement in the food
safety arena with specific emphasis on assisting small business establishments to achieve the new HACCP/Pathogen reductions, identification of the disease prevention potential of
various foods, and the promotion of gleaning and food recovery efforts. The remaining $2 million funds a new research
initiative to address barriers to the full implementation of
cutting edge telecommunications technology in rural America.
The 1996 Farm Bill authorized $100 million for the Fund
in each of 1997, 1999, and 2000. The Department’s 1998
budget included a proposal to shift the $100 million available
in 2000 to 1998 in order to facilitate more consistent and

EXECUTIVE OPERATIONS
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

efficient program delivery. Since this proposal was not accepted, no funding is authorized for the Fund in 1998.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0012–0–1–999

25.1
41.0

Advisory and assistance services ..................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1998 est.

cultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1622g), and including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the
Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not to exceed $5,000
is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$5,048,000¿ $5,823,000.
COMMISSION ON 21ST CENTURY PRODUCTION AGRICULTURE

1999 est.

1 ................... ...................
45
34
100
46

34

59

100

For establishment of the Commission on 21st Century Production
Agriculture, as authorized by section 181 of the Federal Agriculture
Improvement and Reform Act, (7 U.S.C. 7311–7318), of which not
to exceed $20,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, $350,000.
NATIONAL APPEALS DIVISION

For necessary expenses of the National Appeals Division, including
employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of
the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not to exceed
$25,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$11,718,000¿
$13,297,000.

Trust Funds
GIFTS

AND

BEQUESTS

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Gifts and bequests ........................................................

OFFICE
1998 est.

1999 est.

1

1

1

2

2

2

–1
1

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Gifts and bequests ........................................................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

1

1

04.00

1

–1
1

OF

BUDGET

AND

PROGRAM ANALYSIS

For necessary expenses of the Office of Budget and Program Analysis, including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section
706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not
to exceed $5,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$5,986,000¿
$6,045,000. (7 U.S.C. 2201, 2202; 42 U.S.C. 2000d; Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1998.)

–1
1

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0705–0–1–352

1997 actual

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 99.5) ............................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1

1998 est.

1999 est.

1

1

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
–1

2
–1

2
–1

1

1

1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
60.27 Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

1

1

1

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

1
–1

1
–1

1
–1

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

1

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1
1

1
1

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

1999 est.

00.01
00.03
00.04

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Chief Economist .............................................................
National Appeals Divison ...............................................
Budget and Program Analysis .......................................

4
12
6

5
12
6

6
13
6

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

22

23

26

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

22
–22

23
–23

26
–26

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

22

23

26

3
22
–21

3
23
–23

3
26
–26

3

3

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

19
2

20
3

23
3

1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

21

23

26

1
1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

22
21

23
23

26
26

The Secretary is authorized to accept and administer gifts
and bequests of real and personal property to facilitate the
work of the Department. Property and the proceeds thereof
are used in accordance with the terms of the gift or bequest
(7 U.S.C. 2269).

EXECUTIVE OPERATIONS
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
EXECUTIVE OPERATIONS
CHIEF ECONOMIST

For necessary expenses of the Chief Economist, including economic
analysis, risk assessment, cost-benefit analysis, and the functions
of the World Agricultural Outlook Board, as authorized by the Agri-

Executive Operations provides support for USDA policy officials and selected Departmentwide services.
The Office of the Chief Economist advises the Secretary
of Agriculture on the economic implications of Department
policies and programs and proposed legislation. The Office
serves as the single focal point for the Nation’s economic
intelligence and analysis, risk assessment, and cost-benefit
analysis related to domestic and international food and agriculture, and is responsible for coordination and clearance review of all commodity and aggregate agricultural and foodrelated data used to develop outlook and situation material
within the Department.
WORKLOAD INDICATORS
1997 actual

World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Reports issued ........................................................................................

12

1998 est.

12

1999 est.

12

60

EXECUTIVE OPERATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
10.00

OFFICE

OF

BUDGET

AND

Total obligations ........................................................

5

6

7

22.00
23.95

General and special funds—Continued

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

5
–5

6
–6

7
–7

4

4

5

1

2

2

5

6

7

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
5
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–5
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
1

1
6
–6

1
7
–7

1

1

PROGRAM ANALYSIS—Continued

WORKLOAD INDICATORS—Continued
1997 actual

Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin issued ..................................
Significant and economically significant regulations reviewed

52
40

1998 est.

1999 est.

52
40

52
40

The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR)
Act of 1996 authorized the Commission on the 21st Century
Production Agriculture to (1) conduct comprehensive review
and assessment of the success of production flexibility contracts in supporting the viability of U.S. farming, and (2)
review the future of production agriculture and the appropriate role of the Federal government in it. Funds to support
the operating expenses for this Commission are included in
this account.
The National Appeals Division conducts administrative
hearings and reviews of adverse program decisions made by
the Farm Service Agency, the Natural Resources Conservation
Service, and the Rural Housing Service.

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

72.40

PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
1997 actual

Regional or National Training .....................................................
NAD Directives Issues .................................................................
Percent of Hearing Officer determinations upheld on review ....
Percent of Director Review determinations for which a reconsideration is requested ...........................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

3
1
76

1
5
80

3
10
80

10

9

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
25.2
31.0
99.9

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
16
16
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
3
3
Travel and transportation of persons ............................ ...................
1
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1 ...................
Other services ................................................................
2
2
Equipment ...................................................................... ...................
1
Total obligations ........................................................

22

23

17
3
1
2
2
1
26

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–0705–0–1–352

1001

1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

87.00

4
4
1 ...................
2
2

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

5

6

7

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–1

–2

–2

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

4
4

4
4

5
5

89.00
90.00

The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) supports
the Chief Financial Officer in carrying out the dual roles
of chief financial management policy officer and chief financial
management advisor to the Secretary and mission area heads.
OCFO provides leadership for all financial management, accounting, travel, Federal assistance, and performance measurement activities within the Department. It is responsible
for the management and operation of the National Finance
Center and the Departmental Working Capital Fund, and
provides budget, accounting, and fiscal services to the Office
of the Secretary, Departmental Staff Offices, Office of Communications, Office of the Chief Information Officer and Executive Operations.

1997 actual

246

253

259

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct program ...............................................................
09.01 Reimbursable program ..................................................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
4
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
1

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Financial Officer,
including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section
706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not
to exceed $10,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109,
ø$4,283,000¿ $4,562,000: Provided, That the Chief Financial Officer
shall actively market cross-servicing activities of the National Finance
Center. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352

86.90
86.93
86.97

8

The Office of Budget and Program Analysis provides overall
direction and administration of the Department’s budgetary
functions including: development, presentation, and execution
of the budget; review of program and legislative proposals
for programs and budget implications; and analysis of program issues and alternatives and preparation of summaries
of pertinent data to aid Departmental policy officials and
agency program managers in the decisionmaking process.

Identification code 12–0705–0–1–352

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

1997 actual

4
1

A single, integrated, financial information system as
defined by OMB Circular A–127 and the Federal Financial Management Improvement Act (FFMIA) .......
All new financial systems and the financial portions
of mixed systems are in compliance with Departmentwide standards ..................................................
Percent of fees and other charges reviewed for compliance with applicable principles ............................
Reduction in the number of FMFIA material weaknesses and corrective action recommendations .......
Open audit issues are promptly resolved .....................
Customer surveys show increased satisfaction with
planning, budget and fund control process .............
Increase in collection of delinquent debts ....................

1998 est.

1999 est.

4
2

Decrease in number of new loan delinquencies ...........
5
2

Continue high percentage of on-time payments under
the Prompt Payment Act and low dollar amount of
interest paid ..............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

Ongoing

25%

75%

85%

90%

95%

n/a

n/a

50%

Base
year
Base
year

10%
reduction
10%
reduction

10%
reduction
10%
reduction

n/a

Establish
baseline
5%

5%
improvement
10%

4%

8%

99%

99%

Establish
baseline
Establish
baseline

99%

EXECUTIVE OPERATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................

3
1

3
1

4
1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

4
1

4
1

5
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

5

6

7

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001

53

61

63

13

21

tablished the Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO).
OCIO provides Departmentwide policy guidance, leadership,
coordination and direction to the Department’s information
management and information technology investment activities
in support of USDA program delivery. The Office provides
long-range planning guidance, implements measures to ensure that technology investments are economical and effective,
coordinates interagency Information Resources Management
(IRM) projects, and implements standards to promote information exchange and technical interoperability.
This office also provides telecommunications and ADP services to USDA agencies throughout the National Information
Technology Center with locations in Ft. Collins, Colorado,
and Kansas City, Missouri. Direct ADP operational services
are also provided to the Office of the Secretary, Office of
the General Counsel, Office of Communications, the Office
of Chief Financial Officer, and Executive Operations.

21

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0013–0–1–352

OFFICE

OF THE

CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Information Officer, including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section
706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not
to exceed $10,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109,
ø$4,773,000¿ $7,222,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

61

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........ ...................
Civilian personnel benefits ....................................... ...................

4
1

4
1

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

5
7
2

5
7
2

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

14

14

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–0013–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.
Identification code 12–0013–0–1–352

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct program ............................................................... ...................
09.01 Reimbursable program .................................................. ...................

6
8

7
7

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

14

14

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

14
–14

1997 actual

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ...................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ...................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001

52

60

11

9

14
–14

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ...................

5
7
1 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ............................................. ...................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

6

7

8

7

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

14

14

68.00

Intragovernmental funds:
WORKING CAPITAL FUND
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

14
–14

86.90
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................

6
8

7
7

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

14

14

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

–8

20
4
145
51

20
4
149
56

209

220

229

09.11
09.12
09.13

Subtotal, operating expenses ....................................
Purchase of equipment:
Supply and other central services ............................
National Finance Center ............................................
ADP systems ..............................................................

1
7
7

1
11
7

1
10
9

Subtotal, purchase of equipment .............................

15

19

20

10.00

14
–14

22
4
138
45

09.09

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

Obligations by program activity:
Operating expenses:
09.01
Supply and other central services ............................
09.02
Video and other visual information services ............
09.03
National Finance Center ............................................
09.04
ADP systems ..............................................................

09.19

70.00

Total obligations ........................................................

224

239

249

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

12
244

19
239

19
249

–7
21.40

6
6

7
7

The Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 required the establishment
of a Chief Information Officer (CIO) for major Federal agencies. To meet the intent of the law and to provide a Departmental focus for information resources management issues,
Secretary’s Memorandum 1030–30, dated August 8, 1996, es-

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

–13 ................... ...................
243
–224

258
–239

268
–249

19

19

19

62

EXECUTIVE OPERATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

WORKING CAPITAL FUND—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1997 actual

Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

68.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

244

1998 est.

1999 est.

239

Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Transportation of things ................................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

15
2
1
4
2
17
1
74
7
17

16
2
1
5
2
20
1
77
6
21

17
2
1
5
2
21
1
79
6
22

99.9

Intragovernmental funds—Continued

Total obligations ........................................................

224

239

249

249

–9
15
15
224
239
249
–213
–239
–249
13 ................... ...................
15

15

213

239

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–244

–239

–249

2001

249

86.97

89.00
90.00

This fund finances by advances or reimbursements certain
central services in the Department of Agriculture, including
duplicating and other visual information services, art and
graphics, video services, supply, centralized accounting systems, centralized automated data processing systems for payroll, personnel, and related services, voucher payments services, and ADP systems. The National Finance Center’s expenses are also funded through this fund. The capital consists
of $400 thousand appropriated (7 U.S.C. 2235), and subsequent appropriations of $31,838 thousand as of September
30, 1997. Earnings are kept at a low level through adjustments in rates charged for services to maintain as nearly
as possible the nonprofit nature of the fund.

1997 actual

1998 est.

4

37

37

37

50

14

14

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For Departmental Administration, ø$27,231,000¿ $32,168,000, to
provide for necessary expenses for management support services to
offices of the Department and for general administration and disaster
management of the Department, repairs and alterations, and other
miscellaneous supplies and expenses not otherwise provided for and
necessary for the practical and efficient work of the Department,
including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section
706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not
to exceed $10,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided,
That this appropriation shall be reimbursed from applicable appropriations in this Act for travel expenses incident to the holding of
hearings as required by 5 U.S.C. 551–558. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

30
15

25
18

32
16

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

45

43

48

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

14

1
44

1
44

109

96

96

96

3

..................

3

3

23
16

23
14

20
14

20
14

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

42

37

37

67

59

3999

Total net position ................................

67

59

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

109

96

2999

1,965

General and special funds:

1999 est.

1
44

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2101 Federal liabilities: Accounts payable ......
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2207
Other ...................................................

2,099

00.08
09.01

1996 actual

..................
55

1999

2,020

1999 est.

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION

Identification code 12–0120–0–1–352

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Other Federal assets:
1802
Inventories and related properties .....
1803
Property, plant and equipment, net

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

Federal Funds

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–31 ................... ...................

Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

1997 actual

Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

15

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

Personnel Summary

1997 actual

45
–45

43
–43

48
–48

37

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
30
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ................................... ...................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ...................

27
32
–3 ...................
1 ...................

59

59

43.00

25

59

59

96

96

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
Offsetting collections (cash) ................................
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
Adjustment to orders on hand from Federal
sources .............................................................

8
8

18
16
–20 ...................

–1

20 ...................

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ...........................................................

15

18

16

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

45

43

48

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.40
Obligated balance: Uninvested ................................. ...................

–9

11

68.00
68.10
68.15

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

46
43
48
–1 ................... ...................

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.3
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

79
2
3

84
2
2

89
2
2

11.9

Total personnel compensation ..............................

84

88

93

68.90
70.00

30

32

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
72.95

Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

12

72.99
73.10
73.20

12
45
–45

74.40
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

11

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

45

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources
88.95 Change in orders on hand from Federal sources .........
88.96 Adjustment to orders on hand from Federal sources

–8
–8
1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

30
37

89.00
90.00

20 ...................
11
43
–43

11
48
–48

–9
11
11
20 ................... ...................
11

11

43

48

–18
–16
20 ...................
–20 ...................

25
24

1997 actual

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

29
15
1

24
18
1

31
16
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

45

43

48

1998 est.

3
2
4
1 ................... ...................

100

100

435
45
40
6,200

521
50
45
6,200

180
50
45
6,200

6
15
0
1
4

4
10
4
0
4

4
15
4
0
4

1997 actual

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001

344

303

349

97

79

78

HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses of the Department of Agriculture, to comply
with the requirement of section 107(g) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, 42 U.S.C. 9607(g),
and section 6001 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act,
42 U.S.C. 6961, $15,700,000, to remain available until expended:
Provided, That appropriations and funds available herein to the Department for Hazardous Waste Management may be transferred to
any agency of the Department for its use in meeting all requirements
pursuant to the above Acts on Federal and non-Federal lands. (42
U.S.C. 6961, et seq., 42 U.S.C. 9601, et seq.; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01
09.00

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

15

20

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

2
17

4 ...................
16
16

14
20
16
1 ................... ...................
16

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

19
–15

20
–20

16
–16

4 ................... ...................

16

16

16

15
15
–14

16
20
–16

20
16
–16

16

20

20

1999 est.

11

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
20
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
4
Travel and transportation of persons ....................... ...................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
1

Identification code 12–0120–0–1–352

40.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

1998 est.

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

12
2

11
5

11
5

87.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3

99.0
99.0
99.5

32
31

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION WORKLOAD INDICATORS

Identification code 12–0120–0–1–352

31.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Equipment .................................................................

Personnel Summary
30
23
29
7 ...................
3
4
18
16
4 ................... ...................

Departmental Administration is comprised of activities that
provide staff support to top policy officials and overall direction and coordination of the Department. These activities include Department-wide programs for human resource management, management improvement, occupational safety and
health management, real and personal property management,
procurement, contracting, motor vehicle and aircraft management, supply management, civil rights and equal opportunity,
participation of small and disadvantaged businesses, and socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers in the Department’s program activities, emergency preparedness, and the
regulatory hearing and administrative proceedings conducted
by the Administrative Law Judges, Judicial Officer, and
Board of Contract Appeals.
Departmental Administration is also responsible for representing USDA in the development of government-wide policies and initiatives; analyzing the impact of government-wide
trends and developing appropriate USDA principles, policies,
and standards. In addition, Departmental Administration engages in strategic planning and evaluating programs to ensure USDA-wide compliance with applicable laws, rules, and
regulations pertaining to administrative matters for the Secretary and general officers of the Department.
The budget request includes additional funding to improve
the Department’s civil rights activities in the areas of human
resources, assistance to small and disadvantaged businesses,
outreach, and conflict resolution.

Percent of Program Complaints Backlog Eliminated .................
Days Required to Investigate and Settle Civil Rights Program
Complaints ..............................................................................
Acquisitions Reviewed Not Set-aside for Small Business ..........
Subcontracting Plans Reviewed ..................................................
Small Businesses Counseled ......................................................
Small Business Procurement Conferences Conducted or Sponsored by USDA/OSDBU ............................................................
Participation of OSDBU staff in Outreach Conferences .............
Procurement Assistance Reviews Conducted ..............................
Develop Set-aside Policy .............................................................
Training Conferences Conducted ................................................

25.3

63

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

14

16

16

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

17
12

16
16

16
16

1999 est.

17
3
1

21
4
1

1

1

Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation

64

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT—Continued

and Recovery Act, the Department has the responsibility to
meet the same standards for storage and disposition of hazardous wastes as private businesses. Since the Department
has substantial commitments under these Acts, a central fund
has been established so that resources may be allocated to
the Department’s agencies. Allocations are made according
to objective criteria.

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

269

98

50

69

43

54

included
above

included
above

13

31

25

0

0

0

6

8

20

18
10

20
5

30
3

1 The number of properties screened is declining due to the scheduled completion of Forest Service screening
efforts and the EPA Lender Liability rule that changed the requirement for screening of properties that are foreclosed
upon but not managed.
2 Indicates the performance measure reports only funded by this account accomplishments for 1998 and 1999.
Additional accomplishments are funded with Forest Service funds and are reported in the Forest Service budget.
3 Prior to 1997, potentially responsible party and USDA cleanups were combined and are now shown separately.
4 Indicates total accomplishments using HWMA funds and Agency funding sources for oversight.

The performance indicators in the 1999 request reflect more
complex and work intensive projects.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304

25.2
99.0

11

99.5

Direct obligations: Other services .................................
Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations .......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

15

AGRICULTURE BUILDINGS

AND

FACILITIES

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Rental payments to GSA: Non-recurring repairs ......
100
98
108
00.02
Building operations and maintenance ......................
16
34
24
00.03
Beltsville renovation and repair ................................
3 ................... ...................
00.04
Strategic space plan .................................................
15
24
24
00.05
Relocation expenses .................................................. ...................
3 ...................
00.91
09.02

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

134
4

159
5

156
5

Total obligations ........................................................

138

164

161

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

19
148

29 ...................
136
161

21.40

17

Nunber of removal and remedial actions completed 2, 3 ...................................................................
Number of natural resource damage assessments
completed 2 ................................................................
Number of cleanup/restoration agreements with potentially responsible parties (PRP’s) 3, 4 ...................
Estimated value of cleanup/restoration work performed by PRP’s ($ millions) 4 .................................
Number of UST cleanups completed .............................

1998 est.

10.00

PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Number of USDA properties screened to identify potential contaminated sites 1, 2 ..................................
Number of sites assessed/characterized on need for
cleanup ......................................................................
Number of removal and remediation plans completed 2, 3 ...................................................................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

1998 est.

1999 est.

16

16

1 ................... ...................
3
4 ...................

AND

20

16

RENTAL PAYMENTS

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For payment of space rental and related costs pursuant to Public
Law 92–313, including authorities pursuant to the 1984 delegation
of authority from the Administrator of General Services to the Department of Agriculture under 40 U.S.C. 486, for programs and activities of the Department which are included in this Act, and for the
operation, maintenance, and repair of Agriculture buildings,
ø$123,385,000¿ $132,184,000: Provided, That in the event an agency
within the Department should require modification of space needs,
the Secretary of Agriculture may transfer a share of that agency’s
appropriation made available by this Act to this appropriation, or
may transfer a share of this appropriation to that agency’s appropriation, but such transfers shall not exceed 5 percent of the funds made
available for space rental and related costs to or from this account.
In addition, for construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities as necessary to
carry out the programs of the Department, where not otherwise provided, ø$5,000,000¿ $23,505,000, to remain available until expended;
øand in addition, for necessary relocation expenses of the Department’s agencies, $2,700,000, to remain available until expended;¿
making a total appropriation of ø$131,085,000¿ $155,689,000. (7
U.S.C. 2201, 2202, 2208; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

167
–138

164
–164

161
–161

29 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

144

131

156

4

5

5

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

148

136

161

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

47
138
–161

25
164
–155

34
161
–165

25

34

30

70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

132
25
4

103
47
5

127
32
5

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

161

155

165

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–4

–5

–5

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

144
157

131
150

156
160

89.00
90.00

This account finances the General Services Administration’s
fees for rental of space and related services. The appropriation
covers all fees for all regular appropriated accounts within
the Department of Agriculture with the exception of the Forest Service. This account also finances the operation and
maintenance of four buildings in the Headquarters area.
Beginning in 1995, the account included funds for USDA’s
strategic space plan. Since then, funds have been made available for the construction and occupancy of an office facility
at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center and the design
and initial implementation of a long-term program to renovate
and modernize the South Building. The 1999 request provides
additional funding for the South Building renovation at the
1997 level (in 1998, funding was reduced to avoid the buildup of balances).
WORKLOAD INDICATORS
1997 actual

Maintenance and Repairs:
Minor Repairs (number) ..........................................................
Maintenance (thousands of hours) ........................................
Service Calls (thousands) .......................................................

262
18.75
13.62

1998 est.

300
19.0
11.5

1999 est.

300
19.0
11.0

OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352

1998 est.

1999 est.

25.2
31.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Equipment .................................................................

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

134
4

159
5

156
5

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

138

164

161

11.1
12.1
23.1
23.3

4
1
100

5
1
99

5
1
108

3
3
3
22
51
39
4 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

OUTREACH

FOR

78

1998 est.

1999 est.

83

86

SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS

For grants and contracts pursuant to section 2501 of the Food,
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279),
ø$3,000,000¿ $10,000,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

requires the Secretary of Agriculture to provide outreach and
technical assistance to encourage and assist socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers to own and operate farms and
ranches and to participate in agricultural programs.
The Secretary may make grants and enter into contracts
and other agreements to eligible community-based organizations, 1890/1862/1994 Land-Grant Institutions, Tuskegee University, Native American Community Colleges and Hispanic
Servicing Institutions who demonstrated experience in providing education or other agriculture-related services to socially
disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.
In 1999, the increased funding will support twenty-seven
entities. The USDA through partnership agreements will provide outreach, training, technical assistance, and sound farm
management and production to small farmers and ranchers
by providing assistance in custom farm plans, production,
crop diversification, marketing practices, farm accounting, and
recordkeeping. The overall objective of the program is to enhance the ability of small and minority producers to operate
a farming or ranching enterprise independently and produce
income to service an adequate standard of living. Services
are provided by non-federal employees who are employed by
the entities.
GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1997 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0601–0–1–351

1997 actual

65

1998 est.

14
1

1999 est.

21
3

27
10

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1998 est.

1999 est.

41.0

00.01
09.00

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

2

3

10

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

2
–2

3
–3

1997 actual

Identification code 12–0601–0–1–351

Direct obligations: Grants, subsidies, and contributions ...........................................................................
Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations .......................................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

10
–10

1
3
10
1 ................... ...................

99.0
99.9

1

3

10

1 ................... ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

2

3

10

OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Federal Funds
1

3

10

2

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

3
2
–3

3

10

72.40

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

OFFICE

1 ................... ...................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

86.90
86.93
86.97

General and special funds:

2 ...................
3
10
–5
–10

2 ................... ...................

OF

COMMUNICATIONS

For necessary expenses to carry on services relating to the coordination of programs involving public affairs, for the dissemination of
agricultural information, and the coordination of information, work,
and programs authorized by Congress in the Department,
ø$8,138,000¿ $8,319,000, including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C.
2225), of which not to exceed $10,000 shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, and not to exceed $2,000,000 may be
used for farmers’ bulletins. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1998.)

1
3
10
1
2 ...................
1 ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352

3

5

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

00.01
09.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program: Public affairs .......................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

8
1

8
1

8
1

10.00

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

Total obligations ........................................................

9

9

9

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

9
–9

9
–9

9
–9

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................

8

8

8

–1 ................... ...................

1
3

3
5

10
10

Farm Outreach and Assistance Grants.—This program is
authorized under section 2501 of Title XXV of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990. Section 2501

OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

66

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
OFFICE

OF

OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

COMMUNICATIONS—Continued

Federal Funds

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352

General and special funds:

1998 est.

OFFICE

1999 est.

OF THE

INSPECTOR GENERAL

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

68.00

Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

2

1

1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

10

9

9

70.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.40
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................
72.99
73.10
73.20
74.40
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
2
3
New obligations .............................................................
9
9
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–9
–9
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Uninvested ................................. ................... ...................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................
3
3

74.99

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

–1 ................... ...................
3
3
3

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

3

3
9
–9
1
2

3

3

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
8
7
7
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................
1
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
1
1
Outlays from permanent balances ................................
1 ................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

9

9

9

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Inspector General, including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a)
of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and the Inspector General
Act of 1978, ø$63,128,000¿ $87,689,000, including such sums as may
be necessary for contracting and other arrangements with public
agencies and private persons pursuant to section 6(a)(9) of the Inspector General Act of 1978, including a sum not to exceed $50,000
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109 not to exceed $2,500 for official
representation activities; and including a sum not to exceed ø$95,000¿
$125,000, for certain confidential operational expenses including the
payment of informants, to be expended under the direction of the
Inspector General pursuant to Public Law 95–452 and section 1337
of Public Law 97–98: Provided, That funds transferred to the Office
of the Inspector General through forfeiture proceedings or from the
Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund or the Department
of the Treasury Forfeiture Fund, as a participating agency, as an
equitable share from the forfeiture of property in investigations in
which the Office of the Inspector General participates, or through
the granting of a Petition for Remission or Mitigation, shall be deposited to the credit of this account for law enforcement activities authorized under the Inspector General Act of 1978, to remain available
until expended. (7 U.S.C. 450b, 2201, 2202, 2220, 2270; Public Law
100–504; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–2

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

8
8

8
8

8
8

Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Public affairs.—This office provides general direction, leadership, and coordination of the Department’s information program. The major objective is to provide a balanced and useful
information program that reports on USDA’s research, administrative action, and regulatory activities using all communications media in order to enable the general public and
the agricultural industry to have a better understanding of
agriculture’s services to farmers and to society.
PERFORMANCE MEASURES
farm and rural-oriented groups ..................................
consumer and food/nutrition groups ...........................
environmental and educational groups .......................
USDA employees ...........................................................

n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a

1998 est.

63
2

63
2

88
2

Total obligations ........................................................

65

65

90

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

65
–65

65
–65

90
–90

63

63

88

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

2

2

2

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

65

65

90

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

8
65
–65

8
65
–65

8
90
–88

8

8

8

1999 est.

25
20
20
All

50
40
40
All

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

70.00

1997 actual

Surveyed
Surveyed
Surveyed
Surveyed

00.01
01.01
10.00

89.00
90.00

1998 est.

72.40

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
25.2

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Other services ............................................................

6
1
1

6
1
1

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

57
6
2

57
6
2

80
6
2

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

8
8
8
1
1
1
1 ................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

65

65

88

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–2

–2

–2

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

63
62

63
63

88
86

6
1
1

9

9

9

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

93

1998 est.

93

1999 est.

94

89.00
90.00

The Office keeps the Secretary and Congress informed
about fraud, other serious problems, mismanagement, and

ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

deficiencies in Department programs and operations, recommends corrective action, and reports on the progress made
in correcting the problems. It reviews existing and proposed
legislation and regulations and makes recommendations to
the Secretary and Congress regarding the impact these laws
have on the Department’s programs and the prevention and
detection of fraud and mismanagement in such programs.
The Office provides policy direction and conducts, supervises,
and coordinates all audits and investigations. The office supervises and coordinates other activities in the Department
and between the Department and other Federal, State and
local government agencies whose purposes are to: (a) promote
economy and efficiency; (b) prevent and detect fraud and mismanagement; and (c) identify and prosecute people involved
in fraud or mismanagement. In 1999, an additional $21.7
million is included for the Administration’s Law Enforcement
Initiative, which will target fraud and abuse in the Food
Stamp Program, Child Nutrition Programs, Rural Rental
Housing Program, and emergency programs.

67

Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

1

1

1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

29

30

31

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

1
29
–29

1
30
–29

2
31
–31

1

2

2

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
27
27
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
1
1

28
2
1

68.00
70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

29

29

31

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–1

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

28
27

29
28

30
30

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352

11.1
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other personnel compensation .............................

25.2

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1998 est.

89.00
90.00

1999 est.

37
4

39
4

55
4

41
11
6

43
11
6

59
15
8

1
3

1
2

1
5

62
63
88
2
2
2
1 ................... ...................
65

65

90

The Office of the General Counsel of the Department of
Agriculture provides all legal advice, counsel, and services
to the Secretary and to all agencies, offices, and corporations
of the Department on all aspects of their operations. It represents the Department in administrative proceedings; nonlitigation debt collection proceedings; state water rights adjudications; proceedings before the Environmental Protection
Agency, Interstate Commerce Commission, Federal Maritime
Administration and International Trade Commission; and, in
conjunction with the Department of Justice, in judicial proceedings and litigation. All attorneys and related support personnel of the Department are under the supervision of the
General Counsel.

Personnel Summary

1001

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

25.2
26.0

925

Federal Funds
GENERAL COUNSEL

For necessary expenses of the Office of the General Counsel,
ø$28,524,000¿ $30,446,000. (7 U.S.C. 2201; 2202, 2214a; Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352

1999 est.

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01
09.00

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

28
1

29
1

Total obligations ........................................................

29

30

31

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

29
–29

30
–30

31
–31

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

28
1

29
1

30
1

Total obligations ........................................................

29

30

31

11.1
12.1
23.3

21
4

22
5

23
5

1
1
1
1
1
1
1 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

338

366

370

13

8

8

30
1

10.00

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................

99.9

750

General and special funds:
OF THE

1998 est.

99.0
99.0

742

OFFICE OF THE GENERAL COUNSEL

OFFICE

1997 actual

Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................

ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE

28

29

30

For necessary expenses of the Economic Research Service in conducting economic research and analysis, as authorized by the Agricul-

68

ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued

Service, which are proposed to be funded through that account in 1999.

ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
tural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621–1627) and other laws,
ø$71,604,000¿ $55,839,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall
be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225). (7 U.S.C.
292, 411, 427, 1441a, 1704, 1761–68, 2201, 2202, 3103, 3291, 3311,
3504; 22 U.S.C. 3101; 42 U.S.C. 1891–93; 44 U.S.C. 3501–11; 50
U.S.C. 2061 et seq., 2251 et seq.; Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1998.)

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.3

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

53
6

72
6

56
6

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

59

78

62

59
–59

78
–78

62
–62

53

72

56

6

6

6

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

59

78

62

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

9
59
–54

14
78
–78

14

14

1999 est.

34
1

32
6
1

34
6
1

35
6
1

1
2

1
2

1
1

25.5
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Research and development contracts .......................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

5
4
1
1

6
20
1
1

6
4
1
1

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

53
6

72
6

56
6

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

59

78

62

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

13

43
5
6

62
10
6

49
10
6

70.00

1998 est.

33
1

14
62
–63

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

31
1

25.2
25.3

00.01
09.00

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352

99.0
99.0

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001

533

519

516

37

35

35

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

Federal Funds

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

54

78

63

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–6

–6

–6

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

53
48

72
72

56
57

89.00
90.00

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS
SERVICE

Funding for the Economic Research Service is proposed as
part of the Research Fund for America. This proposal highlights the Administration’s priority to providing needed and
sustained investments in important Federal research programs on a deficit neutral basis. A discussion of the Research
Fund for America, and two other funds for the environment
and transportation, can be found in Section II of the Budget
volume.
The Economic Research Service provides economic and
other social science research and analysis for public and private decisions on agriculture, food, natural resources, and
rural America.
Miscellaneous funds received from States, local organizations, and others are available for support of economic research and analysis (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b).
The 1999 request includes funding for three new studies:
one on the information needs of small farmers, one on electric
utility deregulation, and one on estimating the benefits of
increased food safety. The 1998 appropriation included funds
for certain research activities of the USDA Food and Nutrition

General and special funds:
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE
For necessary expenses of the National Agricultural Statistics Service in conducting statistical reporting and service work, including
crop and livestock estimates, statistical coordination and improvements, marketing surveys, and the Census of Agriculture, as authorized by the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621–1627),
the Census of Agriculture Act of 1997 (P.L. 105–113), and other laws,
ø$118,048,000¿ $107,190,000, of which up to ø$36,327,000¿
$23,741,000 shall be available until expended for the Census of Agriculture: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the
Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $40,000
shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109ø: Provided
further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct the 1997 Census of Agriculture,
to the extent practicable, pursuant to the provisions of title 13, United States Code¿. (7 U.S.C. 411, 411a, 411b, 427, 471, 475, 476,
501, 951, 953, 955–57, 2201, 2202, 2248, 3103, 3311, 3504; 18 U.S.C.
1902, 1905, 2072; 42 U.S.C. 1891–93; 44 U.S.C. 3501–11; 50 U.S.C.
2061 et seq., 2251 et seq.; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Agricultural estimates ...............................................
00.02
Statistical research and service ...............................
00.03
Census of Agriculture ................................................
09.01 Reimbursable program ..................................................
10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

79
3
17
10

78
3
36
10

80
3
24
10

110

128

117

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

69

PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND INDICATORS
110
–110

128
–128

117
–117

Performance Measures

Percentage of agricultural cash receipts covered by NASS’s
current production statistics program ...................................
Percentage of reports issued that meet scheduled release date
100

118

107

10

10

10

110

128

92.0
98.0

Indicators
1998 est.

93.0
98.0

1999 est.

98.0
99.0

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352

117
11.1
11.3

14
24
26
110
128
117
–100
–125
–118
–1 ................... ...................

1997 actual

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

24

26

25

24.0
25.2
25.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1998 est.

1999 est.

44
1

49
3

47
1

Total personnel compensation .........................
45
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
10
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
2
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
3
Printing and reproduction ......................................... ...................
Other services ............................................................
20
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
11
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
1
Supplies and materials .............................................
1
Equipment .................................................................
5

52
12
1

48
11
1

6
1
24

6
1
20

15
1
2
4

13
1
2
4

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

79
11
10

104
11
10

95
13
10

25.7
26.0
31.0

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

100

125

118

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

98
8
4

118
8
2

107
8
2

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

110

128

117

–8
–2

–8
–2

–8
–2

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–10

–10

–10

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

100
90

118
116

107
109

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001

Agricultural estimates.—The Service provides the official
National and State estimates of acreage, yield, and production
of crops, stocks, and value of farm commodities, and numbers
of inventory values of livestock items. Data on approximately
120 crops and 45 livestock products are covered in nearly
400 reports issued each year. Detailed data are also collected
on agricultural chemical use, labor, and expenditures. Data
collected and published on prices paid and received by farmers are basic to computation of farm program payments.
The work under this activity is conducted through 45 State
offices serving the 50 States; most of these offices are operated as joint State and Federal services. Cooperative arrangements with State agencies provide additional State and county data. The 1999 program includes an increase of $1,400,000
for the development of a pesticide use survey of the horticulture and greenhouse industry.
Statistical research and service.—This activity is designed
to improve agricultural estimating techniques by improving
sample survey designs and procedures and by testing new
forecasting and estimating techniques, such as the use of
satellite data.
Census of Agriculture.—In 1997, the Census of Agriculture,
formerly funded by the Department of Commerce, was funded
by the Department of Agriculture. The Census will be taken
during 1998. An increase of $600,000 is requested for two
follow-on surveys—$100,000 for the development of an Agricultural Economic Land Ownership survey, and $500,000 to
conduct a new aquaculture survey. The 1999 request reflects
a decrease of $13,328 thousand due to the cyclical nature
of the program.
Miscellaneous funds received from local organizations, commodity groups, and others are available for dissemination
of reports and for crop and livestock survey work under cooperative agreements (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b).

997

1,190

1,007

100

100

100

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses to enable the Agricultural Research Service
to perform agricultural research and demonstration relating to production, utilization, marketing, and distribution (not otherwise provided for); home economics or nutrition and consumer use including
the acquisition, preservation, and dissemination of agricultural information; and for acquisition of lands by donation, exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100, ø$744,605,000¿ and
for land exchanges where the lands exchanged shall be of equal value
or shall be equalized by a payment of money to the grantor which
shall not exceed 25% of the total value of the land or interests transferred out of Federal ownership, $776,828,000: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for temporary employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act
of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $115,000 shall be available
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed one for replacement only: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be
available pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 2250 for the construction, alteration,
and repair of buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided, the cost of constructing any one building shall not exceed
$250,000, except for headhouses or greenhouses which shall each
be limited to $1,000,000, and except for ten buildings to be constructed or improved at a cost not to exceed $500,000 each, and
the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall
not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building
or $250,000, whichever is greater: Provided further, That the limita-

70

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
74.40

General and special funds—Continued

Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

179

181

186

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

574
152
36

596
147
42

622
149
42

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

762

785

814

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–31
–5

–36
–6

–36
–6

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–36

–42

–42

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

717
726

745
743

777
772

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

tions on alterations contained in this Act shall not apply to modernization or replacement of existing facilities at Beltsville, Maryland:
Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available
for granting easements at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center,
including an easement to the University of Maryland to construct
the Transgenic Animal Facility which upon completion shall be accepted by the Secretary as a gift: Provided further, That the foregoing
limitations shall not apply to replacement of buildings needed to
carry out the Act of April 24, 1948 (21 U.S.C. 113a): Provided further,
That funds may be received from any State, other political subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of establishing or
operating any research facility or research project of the Agricultural
Research Service, as authorized by lawø: Provided further, That the
item under the heading ‘‘Agricultural Research Service’’ in title I
of the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996 (Public Law
104–37; 109 Stat. 304), is amended by striking the penultimate proviso, relating to conveyance of the Pecan Genetics and Improvement
Research Laboratory¿. None of the funds in the foregoing paragraph
shall be available to carry out research related to the production,
processing or marketing of tobacco or tobacco products.
In the fiscal year 1999 the agency is authorized to charge fees,
commensurate with the fair market value, for any permit, easement,
lease, or other special use authorization for the occupancy or use
of land and facilities (including land and facilities at the Beltsville
Agricultural Research Center) issued by the agency as authorized by
law, and such fees shall be credited to this account, and shall remain
available until expended, for authorized purposes. (7 U.S.C. 328, 427,
427i, 1281 note, 1621, 2201, 2204, 2225, 2250, 3101 note; 10 U.S.C.
2306; 16 U.S.C. 590(a)–590(b), 590(k); 18 U.S.C. 1114; 19 U.S.C.
1306(a), 1306(c); 20 U.S.C. 191–194; 21 U.S.C. 113a, 114c, 114e–
131; 42 U.S.C. 1476(e), 1483; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Research on soil and water conservation ................
00.02
Research on plant science ........................................
00.03
Research on animal science .....................................
00.04
Research on commodity conversion and delivery
00.05
Human nutrition research .........................................
00.06
Integration of agricultural systems ..........................
00.07
Repair and maintenance of facilities .......................
00.08
Contingencies ............................................................
00.11
Agricultural Information and Library Science ...........

88
243
115
141
61
27
18
1
20

86
256
119
147
71
28
18
1
18

86
265
127
151
82
27
18
1
20

00.91
09.00

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

714
36

745
42

777
42

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

750

787

819

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................

753
787
819
–3 ................... ...................
750
–750

787
–787

819
–819

717

745

777

36

42

42

753

787

819

72.40

192
179
181
750
787
819
–762
–785
–814
–1 ................... ...................

Funding for the Agricultural Research Service is proposed
as part of the Research Fund for America. This proposal
highlights the Administration’s priority to providing needed
and sustained investments in important Federal research programs on a deficit neutral basis. A discussion of the Research
Fund for America, and two other funds for the environment
and transportation, can be found in Section II of the Budget
volume.
The Agricultural Research Service conducts research to provide the means for a safer, more economical supply of agricultural products for the Nation and to provide producers with
technologies to competitively supply these products. Technology needs of regulatory, technical assistance and education
agencies of USDA and other Federal agencies are supported
through ARS research. The Service uses coordinated, interdisciplinary approaches to perform basic and applied research
on soil and water conservation, plant and animal sciences,
commodity conversion and delivery, human nutrition, and integrated agricultural systems. In 1999, the Service proposes
increased emphases for critical research needs in agriculture,
such as: the President’s 1999 Food Safety Initiative, the Climate Change Technology Initiative, Pfiesteria research in
support of the Clean Water and Watershed Restoration Initiative, and other environmental quality/natural resources including livestock management, methyl bromide, and pest
management, human nutrition, genetic resources, emerging
diseases and exotic pests, and restoration of the South Florida
Everglades ecosystem. The Service expects to submit 60 new
patent applications, participate in 85 new Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs), license 25
new products, and develop 70 new plant varieties to release
to industry for further development and marketing in 1999.
Research on soil and water conservation.—Research is conducted to improve soil and water management, irrigation,
and conservation practices; to protect natural resources from
harmful effects of soil, air, and water pollutants and to minimize certain agricultural pollution problems; and to determine
the relation of soil types and water to plant, animal, and
human nutrition.
Research on plant science.—Research is conducted to increase plant productivity by improving plant varieties, developing new crop resources, and improving crop production
practices, including methods to control plant diseases, nematodes, insects, and weeds.
Research on animal science.—Research is conducted to increase livestock productivity (including poultry) through improved breeding, feeding, and management practices, and to
develop methods for controlling diseases, parasites, and insect
pests affecting these animals.
Research on commodity conversion and delivery.—Research
is conducted to develop new and improved foods, feeds, products, and processes for agricultural commodities and to im-

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

prove the processing, transportation, storage, wholesaling,
and retailing of products. Research is also conducted on
means to ensure the safety of food and feed supplies, control
insect pests of man and his belongings, and reduce the hazards to human life resulting from pesticide residues and other
causes.
Human nutrition research.—Research is conducted on subjects such as human nutritional requirements and the composition and nutritive value of foods, to promote optimum
human health through improved nutrition.
Integration of agricultural systems.—Research is conducted
to develop integrated systems for efficiently producing, processing, and marketing agricultural products, and to develop
alternative agricultural systems that are less dependent upon
nonrenewable resources and that are productive, efficient, and
sustainable in the long term.
Agricultural information and library services.—The National Agricultural Library provides a variety of information
products and services through: (1) the administration of a
unique collection of books, journals, and other information
materials about food and agriculture to ensure accessibility
to their contents; (2) the development and maintenance of
cooperative efforts in the library and related information
areas, with other Federal agencies and with educational institutions in each State; and (3) an active program of information dissemination.
Repair and maintenance of facilities.—Funds are used to
restore, upgrade, and maintain Federal facilities to meet
OSHA and EPA requirements, provide suitable workspace for
in-house research programs, and to retrofit existing structures
for better energy utilization.
Contingencies.—Funds available to meet urgent needs that
develop unexpectedly during the year when such needs cannot
be met by redirection of resources from other projects.
Reimbursements.—Agricultural Research Service performs
program research activities and services for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies. These activities and services
are paid for on a reimbursable basis.

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001

BUILDINGS

AND

7,318

7,356

7,362

118

118

118

FACILITIES

For acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities as necessary to carry out the agricultural research programs of the Department of Agriculture, where not otherwise provided, ø$80,630,000¿
$35,900,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b):
Provided, That funds may be received from any State, other political
subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of establishing
any research facility of the Agricultural Research Service, as authorized by law. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

79

63

60

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

79
69

69
79

85
36

148
–79

148
–63

121
–60

69

85

61

10.00

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00
40.79

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
69
Line item veto cancellation ........................................... ...................

81
36
–2 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

69

79

36

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

69

79

36

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

28
79
–31

76
63
–65

74
60
–70

76

74

64

72.40

298
21
11

311
22
11

321
23
11

330
72
12
2

344
78
13
2

355
83
13
2

32
33
1
1
1 ...................
4
7

35
1
1
6

25.4
25.5
25.7
25.8
26.0
31.0
32.0
41.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Advisory and assistance services .............................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
Research and development contracts .......................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Subsistence and support of persons ........................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

4
23
108
8
1
58
40
4
14

4
23
112
8
1
59
41
4
15

4
24
118
9
1
62
43
4
16

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

714
36

745
42

777
42

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

750

787

819

24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3

Personnel Summary

70.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352

71

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1
30

9
56

4
66

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

31

65

70

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

69
31

79
65

36
70

This account provides funds for acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alterations, and
purchases of fixed equipment or facilities of or used by the
Agricultural Research Service. The 1999 request provides for
the modernization and renovation of the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD; Regional Utilization
Centers at Peoria, IL; Philadelphia, PA; New Orleans, LA;
major research centers at Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Greenport, NY; the National Animal Disease Center at
Ames, IA; and U.S. Grain Marketing Laboratory at Manhattan, KS; and the National Agricultural Library. The request
also provides for construction of a new facility in Ft. Lauder-

72

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
BUILDINGS

AND

Miscellaneous contributed funds received from States, local
organizations, individuals, and others are available for work
under cooperative agreements on research activities.

FACILITIES—Continued

dale, FL, as part of the Administration’s Everglades initiatives.
Funding for the Ft. Lauderdale facility is proposed as part
of the Environmental Resources Fund for America. This proposal highlights the Administration’s priority to provide deficit neutral funding for investments in many of our Nation’s
key environmental programs. A discussion of the Environmental Resources Fund for America, and two other funds
for research and transportation, can be found in Section II
of the Budget volume.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
25.2
26.0
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

3
1
6
2
1

3
1
8
2
1

3
1
8
2
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

13

15

15

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352

1997 actual

Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352

Personnel Summary
1998 est.

1999 est.

1997 actual

Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352

25.2
32.0
41.0

Other services ................................................................
Land and structures ......................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

56
18
5

38
40
18
20
7 ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

79

63

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

82

1999 est.

82

82

60

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH,
EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE
Trust Funds
Federal Funds

MISCELLANEOUS CONTRIBUTED FUNDS

General and special funds:

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

INTEGRATED RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION COMPETITIVE
GRANTS PROGRAM

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Science and Education Administration contributed
funds .........................................................................
14
15
15
Appropriation:
05.01 Miscellaneous contributed funds ...................................
–14
–15
–15
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

01.99

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1502–2–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.23

Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations ............................................................
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
60.27 Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

4

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

4
–4

40.00

13

1998 est.

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ................... ...................

22.00
23.95

1997 actual

4

10.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
Small Farms Initiative ................................................... ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ................... ...................

4

1999 est.

15

15

8
14

9
15

8
15

22
–13

24
–15

23
–15

9

8

8

73.10
73.20
74.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ................... ...................

4
–2
4

86.90
15

2

89.00
90.00

14

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ................... ...................
Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

4
2

15

3
13
–13

3
15
–14

6
15
–14

3

6

6

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

10
3

10
4

10
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

13

14

14

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

14
13

15
14

15
14

A new authority for an Integrated Research, Extension,
and Education Competitive Grants Program is proposed to
be included in the reauthorization of the research title of
the 1996 Farm Bill. Multi-functional research, extension and
education programs would address national and regional issues. A 100 percent non-Federal match would be required
for commodity- or location-specific activities. In 1999, a Small
Farms Initiative, to be implemented through the Department’s Land-Grant partners, is proposed in support of the
Secretary’s Civil Rights initiative to strengthen USDA’s research and educational assistance to the socially disadvantaged.

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

1997 actual

1001

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

RESEARCH

AND

1

EDUCATION ACTIVITIES

For payments to agricultural experiment stations, for cooperative
forestry and other research, for facilities, and for other expenses,
including ø$168,734,000¿ $153,672,000 to carry into effect the provisions of the Hatch Act (7 U.S.C. 361a–i); ø$20,497,000¿ $19,882,000
for grants for cooperative forestry research (16 U.S.C. 582a–a7);
$27,735,000 for payments to the 1890 land-grant colleges, including
Tuskegee University (7 U.S.C. 3222); ø$51,495,000¿ $12,551,000 for
special grants for agricultural research (7 U.S.C. 450i(c));
ø$15,048,000¿ $24,698,000 for special grants for agricultural research
on improved pest control (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)); ø$97,200,000¿
$130,000,000 for competitive research grants (7 U.S.C. 450i(b));
$4,775,000 for the support of animal health and disease programs
(7 U.S.C. 3195); ø$650,000 for supplemental and alternative crops
and products (7 U.S.C. 3319d); $550,000 for grants for research pursuant to the Critical Agricultural Materials Act of 1984 (7 U.S.C.
178) and section 1472 of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (7
U.S.C. 3318), to remain available until expended;¿ $3,000,000 for
higher education graduate fellowships grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(6)),
to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); $4,350,000 for
higher education challenge grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(1)); $1,000,000
for a higher education minority scholars program (7 U.S.C.
3152(b)(5)), to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b);
$2,500,000 for an education grants program for Hispanic-serving Institutions (7 U.S.C. 3241); ø$4,000,000¿ $3,880,000 for aquaculture
grants (7 U.S.C. 3322); ø$8,000,000¿ $10,000,000 for sustainable agriculture research and education (7 U.S.C. 5811); $9,200,000 for a
program of capacity building grants (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(4)) to colleges
eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C.
321–326 and 328), including Tuskegee University, to remain available
until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); $1,450,000 for payments to the
1994 Institutions pursuant to section 534(a)(1) of Public Law 103–
382; and ø$11,226,000¿ $3,896,000 for necessary expenses of Research
and Education Activities, of which not to exceed $100,000 shall be
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109; in all, ø$431,410,000¿
$412,589,000.
None of the funds in the foregoing paragraph shall be available
to carry out research related to the production, processing or marketing of tobacco or tobacco products.

00.03
00.04
00.05
00.06
00.07
00.08
00.09

Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University
Special research grants ............................................
National research initiative competitive grants .......
Animal health and disease research ........................
Federal administration ..............................................
Higher education .......................................................
Native American Institutions Endowment Fund ........

28
75
125
5
10
18
5

28
79
111
5
11
25
5

28
51
130
5
4
21
5

00.91
09.00

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1502–2–1–352

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

453
13

453
16

417
16

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

468

469

433

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

46
439

17 ...................
452
433

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

For establishment of a Native American institutions endowment
fund, as authorized by Public Law 103–382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note),
$4,600,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Total receipts .............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1

5
1

5

6

6

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
5
Appropriation:
05.01 Cooperative state research activities ............................
–5
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ...................

6

7

–5
1

–5
2

04.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Payments under the Hatch Act .................................
00.02
Cooperative forestry research ....................................

1997 actual

169
20

485
–468

469
–469

433
–433

17 ................... ...................

421
5

431
5

412
5

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

426

436

417

13

16

16

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

439

452

433

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

322
468
–415

375
469
–431

413
433
–437

375

413

409

68.00
70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

198
204
13

227
188
16

217
204
16

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

415

431

437

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–13

–16

–16

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

426
402

436
415

417
421

89.00
90.00

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
(in millions of dollars)

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Federal payment, Native American Institutions Endowment Fund .................................................................
5
5
02.02 Earnings on investments ............................................... ...................
1
02.99

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.25
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ....................

NATIVE AMERICAN INSTITUTIONS ENDOWMENT FUND

Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352

73

1998 est.

169
20

1999 est.

153
20

Enacted/requested:
1997 actual
1998 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
426
436
Outlays ....................................................................................
402
415
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

426
402

436
415

1999 est.

417
421
10
1
427
422

Funding for the Research and Education Activities of the
Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service
is proposed as part of the Research Fund for America. This
proposal highlights the Administration’s priority to providing
needed and sustained investments in important Federal research programs on a deficit neutral basis. A discussion of
the Research Fund for America, and two other funds for the
environment and transportation, can be found in Section II
of the Budget volume.
Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service participates in a nationwide system of agricultural re-

74

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

General and special funds—Continued
NATIVE AMERICAN INSTITUTIONS ENDOWMENT FUND—Continued

search and education program planning and coordination between State institutions and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It assists in maintaining cooperation among the State
institutions, and between the State institutions and their Federal research partners. The Agency administers grants and
payments to State institutions to supplement State and local
funding for agricultural research and higher education.
Payments under the Hatch Act.—Funds under the Hatch
Act are allocated on a formula basis to agricultural experiment stations of the land-grant colleges in the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Micronesia, and Northern Mariana
Islands.
Cooperative forestry research.—These funds are allocated by
formula to land-grant colleges or agricultural experiment stations in the 50 States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands,
and other State-supported colleges and universities having
a forestry school and offering graduate training in forestry
sciences.
Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University.—Funds
allocated on a formula basis support agricultural research
and broaden the curricula at the seventeen 1890 land-grant
colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Special research grants.—This program addresses research
areas of national interest. Increased funding is proposed for
grant programs in integrated pest management, IR–4 minor
crop pest management and pest management alternatives.
Funding is also proposed for pesticide impact assessment and
sustainable agriculture. Advances in these areas will provide
producers with safe, alternative pest control methods resulting in more farmers increasing the number of acres on which
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) methods are used. The
program goal is the implementation of IPM methods on 75
percent of crop acreage by the year 2000, with an outcome
of creating an agricultural system that is highly competitive
in the global economy. Funding proposed for IR–4 minor crop
pest management and minor use animal drugs will address
the growing need for registration of safe pesticides and drugs
for minor crops and animals and lead to reduced levels of
chemical and drug residues in food products by half. In 1999
IR–4 will complete 525 pesticide clearances. These will include 240 clearances for ‘‘safer’’ and reduced risk alternatives
on food crops together with biologically-based and IPM-compatible pest control products; 285 new registrations on horticultural crops, such as nursery and floral crops. In addition,
resources for these pest management programs will be coordinated to address Food Quality and Protection Act issues. A
$3 million grant program for global change is proposed for
research at universities as part of a coordinated Federal initiative. Funding is also proposed for water quality, the National Biological Impact Assessment Program, sustainable agriculture, rural development centers, and aquaculture centers.
A grant program for food safety is also proposed for research
to underpin food safety education, as part of the President’s
1999 Food Safety Initiative.
National research initiative competitive grants.—Funding is
being proposed for the National Initiative for Research on
Agriculture, Food, and the Environment (NRI). Research scientists throughout the U.S. scientific community compete for
funding under this program. The performance goal has been
to attract the widest possible involvement of U.S. scientists
in agricultural research to increase the knowledge base related to U.S. agriculture, food, and the environment and maintain world leadership in agricultural science and engineering.
NRI funding has resulted in increased participation by universities which are not traditionally considered agricultural
schools and of highly skilled researchers in projects address-

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

ing agricultural issues. The outcomes include the efficient
communication of research results to scientific, engineering,
and community user groups. These grants support research
in plants and animals; natural resources and the environment; nutrition, food safety, and health; markets, trade, and
rural development; and processing for adding value or developing new products. This initiative includes funding for a
plant genome mapping program for which the Agricultural
Research Service serves as the lead agency. Global change
research being carried out through the NRI is part of a government-wide program. In 1999, the requested increase will
be targeted to expand research to help reduce the incidence
of food borne illness caused by microbiological pathogens and
support the food genome strategy.
Animal health and disease research.—Funds, distributed by
formula, support livestock and poultry disease research in
sixty-seven colleges of veterinary medicine and in eligible agricultural experiment stations.
Federal administration.—A coordinating and review staff
assists in maintaining cooperation within and among the
States, and between the States and their Federal research
partners. This staff also administers research and education
grants and payments to States. Federal administration is
funded from a combination of program set-asides from formula and grant programs and from direct appropriation for
administration.
Higher education.—Funding is proposed for graduate fellowships grants, competitive challenge grants, Hispanic serving
institutions education grants program, a multicultural scholars program and a Native American institutions program.
Proposed funding for these higher education programs would
support approximately 94 grants. These programs will enable
universities to broaden their curricula; increase faculty development; student research projects; and the number of new
scholars recruited in the food and agricultural sciences. In
addition, an increased number of graduate students, including
minority graduate students, will be enrolled in the agricultural sciences. Funding is also proposed for a capacity building program at the 1890 institutions as part of the USDA
initiative to strengthen these institutions through a broadening of curricula, increased faculty development and student
research projects. Proposed funding would support approximately 49 teaching and research grants.
Reimbursable program.—Funds support basic and applied
agriculture research and activities performed for other USDA,
Federal, and non-Federal agencies.
Native American Institutions Endowment Fund.—This program provides for an endowment for the 1994 land-grant institutions (29 Tribally controlled colleges) to strengthen the
infrastructure of these institutions and develop Indian expertise for the food and agricultural sciences and businesses and
their own communities. At the termination of each fiscal year,
the Secretary shall withdraw the income from the endowment
fund for the fiscal year, and after making adjustments for
the cost of administering the fund, distribute the adjusted
income on a formula basis to the 1994 land-grant institutions.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

26.0
41.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
10
10
11
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
2
3
3
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
1
1
1
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
1 ................... ...................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
2
3
3
Supplies and materials ............................................. ...................
1
1
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
439
435
398

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
25.3

455
13

453
16

417
16

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

468

469

433

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352

AND

1999 est.

40.00

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

RESEARCH

1998 est.

23.90
23.95
24.40

179

195

197

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

69
–63

75
5 ...................
–5 ...................

5 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

62 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

9

9

9

EDUCATION ACTIVITIES

185
63
–49

199
149
5 ...................
–55
–40

199

149

109

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

49

55

40

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

49

55

40

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1500–2–1–352

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.10 Food Genome Initiative .................................................. ................... ...................

10

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ................... ...................

10

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

10
–10

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ................... ...................

10

62 ................... ...................
49
55
40

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ................... ...................

Funds provide grants to States and other eligible recipients
for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement,
extension, alteration and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities to carry out agricultural research, extension, and
teaching programs. No funding is proposed in 1999.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352

11.1
25.2
41.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Other services ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

99.9

10
–1

Total obligations ........................................................

1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

10
1

Personnel Summary

1001

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

1

BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1997 actual

63

1998 est.

1 ................... ...................
1
1 ...................
61
4 ...................

1999 est.

5 ...................

21.40

7
5 ...................
62 ................... ...................

63

5 ...................

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352

A new authority for a competitive grants program to support the Food Genome Initiative is proposed to improve understanding of plant and animal and associated microbial
genes. Accelerated research projects will help aid the identification, mapping, and understanding of the function and control of genes responsible for economically important traits
in the major agriculturally important species of plants, animals, and microbes. Through this research investment, new
genetic technologies will be developed to improve yield, composition, and quality of agricultural output.

Identification code 12–1500–2–1–352

1999 est.

10

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority .............................. ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

1998 est.

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

10

1998 est.

1999 est.

3 ...................

EXTENSION ACTIVITIES
Payments to States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam,
the Virgin Islands, Micronesia, Northern Marianas, and American
Samoa: For payments for cooperative extension work under the
Smith-Lever Act, to be distributed under sections 3(b) and 3(c) of
said Act, and under section 208(c) of Public Law 93–471, for retirement and employees’ compensation costs for extension agents and
for costs of penalty mail for cooperative extension agents and State
extension directors, ø$268,493,000¿ $257,753,000; payments for extension work at the 1994 Institutions under the Smith-Lever Act
(7 U.S.C. 343(b)(3)), ø$2,000,000¿ $3,500,000; payments for the nutrition and family education program for low-income areas under section
3(d) of the Act, ø$58,695,000¿ $56,347,000; payments for a pesticides
applicator training program under section 3(d) of the Act, $1,500,000;
payments for the pest management program under section 3(d) of
the Act, ø$10,783,000; payments for the farm safety program under
section 3(d) of the Act, $2,855,000¿ $15,000,000; payments for the
pesticide impact assessment program under section 3(d) of the Act,
ø$3,214,000¿ $3,313,000; payments to upgrade 1890 land-grant college research, extension, and teaching facilities as authorized by section 1447 of Public Law 95–113 (7 U.S.C. 3222b), ø$7,549,000¿
$12,000,000, to remain available until expended; payments for the
rural development centers under section 3(d) of the Act, $908,000;
payments for a groundwater quality program under section 3(d) of
the Act, $9,061,000; øpayments for the agricultural telecommunications program, as authorized by Public Law 101–624 (7 U.S.C.
5926), $900,000;¿ payments for youth-at-risk programs under section
3(d) of the Act, ø$9,554,000¿ $10,000,000; payments for a food safety
program under section 3(d) of the Act, ø$2,365,000¿ $7,365,000; payments for carrying out the provisions of the Renewable Resources

76

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
EXTENSION ACTIVITIES—Continued
Extension Act of 1978, $3,192,000; payments for Indian reservation
agents under section 3(d) of the Act, ø$1,672,000¿ $5,000,000; payments for sustainable agriculture programs under section 3(d) of the
Act, $3,309,000; øpayments for rural health and safety education
as authorized by section 2390 of Public Law 101–624 (7 U.S.C. 2661
note, 2662), $2,628,000;¿ payments for cooperative extension work
by the colleges receiving the benefits of the second Morrill Act (7
U.S.C. 321–326 and 328) and Tuskegee University, $25,090,000; and
for Federal administration and coordination including administration
of the Smith-Lever Act, and the Act of September 29, 1977 (7 U.S.C.
341–349), and section 1361(c) of the Act of October 3, 1980 (7 U.S.C.
301 note), and to coordinate and provide program leadership for the
extension work of the Department and the several States and insular
possessions, ø$11,108,000¿ $5,313,000; in all, ø$423,376,000¿
$418,651,000: Provided, That funds hereby appropriated pursuant to
section 3(c) of the Act of June 26, 1953, and section 506 of the
Act of June 23, 1972, shall not be paid to any State, the District
of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, or the Virgin Islands, Micronesia,
Northern Marianas, and American Samoa prior to availability of an
equal sum from non-Federal sources for expenditure during the current fiscal year. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug
Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Smith-Lever Act, 3(b) and 3(c) .................................
268
268
258
00.02
Youth at Risk ............................................................
10
10
10
00.03
Water quality .............................................................
11
9
9
00.04
Expanded food and nutrition education program
(EFNEP) .................................................................
59
59
57
00.05
Pest management .....................................................
11
11
15
00.06
Farm safety ...............................................................
3
3 ...................
00.07
Pesticide impact assessment ...................................
3
3
3
00.08
Pesticide applicator training ..................................... ................... ...................
2
00.09
Indian reservation extension agents .........................
2
2
5
00.10
Agricultual telecommunications ................................
1
1 ...................
00.11
Food safety ................................................................
2
2
7
00.12
Rural development ....................................................
1
1
1
00.13
Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University
25
25
25
00.15
Renewable resources extension act ..........................
3
3
3
00.16
Federal administration ..............................................
12
11
5
00.18
Rural health and safety education ...........................
3
3 ...................
00.19
1890 facilities (section 1447) ..................................
7
13
12
00.21
Sustainable agriculture .............................................
3
3
3
00.22
1994 Institutions activities .......................................
2
2
4
00.91
09.00

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

426
14

429
25

419
25

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

440

454

444

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

4
440

6 ...................
448
444

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

444
–440

454
–454

444
–444

6 ................... ...................

426

423

419

14

25

25

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

440

448

444

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

201
440
–434

207
454
–447

216
444
–444

207

216

216

70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98
87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
271
291
288
Outlays from current balances ......................................
149
131
132
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
25
25
Outlays from permanent balances ................................
14 ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

434

447

444

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–14

–25

–25

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

426
420

423
422

419
419

89.00
90.00

The Cooperative Extension System, a national educational
network, is a dynamic organization pledged to meeting the
country’s needs for research-based educational programs that
will enable people to make practical decisions to improve their
lives. To accomplish its mission, the Cooperative Extension
System adjusts programs to meet the shifting needs and priorities of the people it serves.
The nonformal educational network combines the expertise
and resources of federal, state, and local partners. The partners in this unique System are: (a) The Cooperative State
Research, Education, and Extension Service at the U.S. Department of Agriculture; (b) Extension professionals at landgrant universities throughout the United States and its territories; and (c) Extension professionals in nearly all of the
Nation’s 3,150 counties. Thousands of paraprofessionals and
nearly 3 million volunteers support this partnership and magnify its impact. Strong linkages with both public and private
external groups are also crucial to the Cooperative Extension
System’s strength and vitality.
Base programs, funded by the Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c)
legislated formula funds, are the major educational efforts
central to the mission of the System and common to most
Extension units. They are the ongoing priority efforts of the
System, involving many discipline-based and multi-disciplinary programs. The System’s base programs are the foundation of the Extension organization and partnership that are
intended to increase the number of community-based projects,
families, and individuals reached to disseminate research
findings as widely and quickly as possible. The use of electronic mail, satellite transmission of courses, and computerassisted instruction are encouraged to communicate ideas.
Extension resources are provided to the States by these
formula funds and competitively-awarded programs such as
sustainable agriculture. Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) funds and
payments to the 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University provide funds to support the Extension infrastructure.
Funds for designated programs, funded by Smith-Lever 3(d)
such as youth at risk, expanded food and nutrition education
program (EFNEP), and food safety, provide support for the
Cooperative Extension System to address identified priority
issues. As part of the 1999 Food Safety Initiative, a $5 million
increase is requested for the development of materials targeted to older Americans (a high risk group) and those with
limited resources to provide them with information on proper
food handling.
National initiatives funded by legislative formulas, administratively determined distribution, Congressional and Executive intent, and competitively-awarded projects, are the System’s commitment to respond to important problems of broad
national concern with additional resources and significantly
increased effort to achieve a major impact on national priorities. They are the most current significant and complex issues on which the Extension System has the potential to
make a difference—usually in cooperation with other agencies, groups, and units of government. The goal is to inform
and educate these extension agriculture professionals and vol-

ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

unteers who, in turn, educate the professional farmers and
end-users regarding these critical initiatives and concerns.
Initiatives proposed in 1999 include funding for: sustainable
agriculture education programs; increased efforts on pest
management; pesticide applicator training; support to the
1890 Institutions and Tuskegee University; and renewable
resource extension. Funding is also provided to support extension services at the 1994 institutions and extension Indian
reservation agents. These programs are critical in bringing
needed educational programs to Native American communities.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352

1998 est.

1999 est.

9
3
1
2

10
3
1
2

10
3
1
2

41.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

1
410

2
411

2
401

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

426
14

429
25

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

440

454

444

(7 U.S.C. 2250) for the repair and alteration of leased buildings
and improvements, but unless otherwise provided the cost of altering
any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent
of the current replacement value of the building.
In fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999 the agency is authorized to collect fees
to cover the total costs of providing technical assistance, goods, or
services requested by States, other political subdivisions, domestic
and international organizations, foreign governments, or individuals,
provided that such fees are structured such that any entity’s liability
for such fees is reasonably based on the technical assistance, goods,
or services provided to the entity by the agency, and such fees shall
be credited to this account, to remain available until expended, without further appropriation, for providing such assistance, goods, or
services.
Of the total amount available under this heading in fiscal year
ø1998, $88,000,000¿ 1999, $100,000,000 shall be derived from user
fees deposited in the Agricultural Quarantine Inspection User Fee
Account. (10 U.S.C. 2306; 15 U.S.C. 69e, 1821–31; 16 U.S.C. 1531–
43; 18 U.S.C. 1114; 19 U.S.C. 1306, 21 U.S.C. 101–105, 111–114,
114a–114c; 114d–1, 114e–131, 134–135b, 151–158; 26 U.S.C. 4491–
94; 45 U.S.C. 71–74; 46 U.S.C. 466a–466(b); 49 U.S.C. 1471(a)–
1509(d), 1741; 46 Stat. 67; 78 Stat. 939–940; 99 Stat. 1645–1650,
1654–1656, 1658–1659; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

419
25

11.1
12.1
21.0
25.2
25.3

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

196

1998 est.

1999 est.

198

197

ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION
SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
AND

Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Agricultural quarantine inspection fees ........................

89

91

103

115

141

144

04.00

1997 actual

SALARIES

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

01.99

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352

77

EXPENSES

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For expenses, not otherwise provided for, including those pursuant
to the Act of February 28, 1947 (21 U.S.C. 114b–c), necessary to
prevent, control, and eradicate pests and plant and animal diseases;
to carry out inspection, quarantine, and regulatory activities; to discharge the authorities of the Secretary of Agriculture under the Act
of March 2, 1931 (46 Stat. 1468; 7 U.S.C. 426–426b); and to protect
the environment, as authorized by law, ø$426,282,000¿ $417,752,000,
of which ø$4,500,000¿ $4,105,000 shall be available for the control
of outbreaks of insects, plant diseases, animal diseases and for control
of pest animals and birds to the extent necessary to meet emergency
conditions: Provided, That no funds shall be used to formulate or
administer a brucellosis eradication program for the current fiscal
year that does not require minimum matching by the States of at
least 40 percent: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be
available for field employment pursuant to the second sentence of
section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not
to exceed $40,000 shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C.
3109: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available
for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of
not to exceed four, of which two shall be for replacement only: Provided further, That, in addition, in emergencies which threaten any
segment of the agricultural production industry of this country, the
Secretary may transfer from other appropriations or funds available
to the agencies or corporations of the Department such sums as
he may deem necessary, to be available only in such emergencies
for the arrest and eradication of contagious or infectious disease
or pests of animals, poultry, or plants, and for expenses in accordance
with the Act of February 28, 1947, and section 102 of the Act of
September 21, 1944, and any unexpended balances of funds transferred for such emergency purposes in the next preceding fiscal year
shall be merged with such transferred amounts: Provided further,
That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to law

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Salaries and expenses ...................................................

204

232

247

–113

–129

–144

05.99
07.99

–113
91

–129
103

–144
103

Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Pest and disease exclusion .......................................
00.02
Plant and animal health monitoring ........................
00.03
Pest and disease management programs ................
00.04
Animal care ...............................................................
00.05
Scientific and technical services ..............................
00.06
Contingencies ............................................................
00.07
Emergency program funding .....................................

234
70
98
10
53
6
31

244
252
74
79
96
73
10
10
53
53
5
4
24 ...................

01.00
09.01

Total direct program .................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

502
53

506
54

471
55

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

555

560

526

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts

53
504
29

31
17
522
517
24 ...................

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

586
–555

577
–560

534
–526

31

17

8

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
337
40.20
Appropriation (special fund, definite) .......................
98
42.00
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ...................

338
318
88
100
1 ...................

43.00
60.25
68.00
70.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ....................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

435

427

418

15

41

44

54

54

55

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

504

522

517

78

ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

72.40

61
555
–543

73
560
–460

173
526
–517

73

173

180

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

429
47
62
5

360
6
89
5

352
67
92
6

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

543

460

517

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–7
–47

–7
–47

–7
–48

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–54

–54

–55

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

450
489

468
406

462
462

agricultural losses caused by predatory animals, birds, and
rodents; to provide technical assistance to States, counties,
farmer or rancher groups, and foundations; and to ensure
compliance with interstate movement and disease control regulations. Interstate shipments of plants, livestock, and related
materials are monitored and regulated to prevent the spread
of disease. APHIS protects agriculture from detrimental animal predators through identification, demonstration, and application of the most appropriate methods of control.
Animal care.—The Agency conducts regulatory activities
which ensure the humane care and handling of animals used
in research, exhibition, or the wholesale pet trade. The Agency is also responsible for administering the Horse Protection
Act, which prohibits the showing, selling, or exhibition of
sore horses.
Scientific and technical services.—APHIS develops methods
to control animals and pests that are detrimental to agriculture, other wildlife, and public safety. The agency regulates
genetic research to guard against the release of potentially
harmful organisms into the environment. APHIS also conducts veterinary diagnostic laboratory activities and biologic
regulatory enforcement to ensure that the products developed
for combatting disease are potent, safe, and pure. It also
provides and directs technology development in coordination
with other groups in APHIS and Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) officials to support PPQ programs of the Agency
and its cooperators at the State, national, and international
levels.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays

Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

(in millions of dollars)

1997 actual
1998 est.
1999 est.
Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
450
468
462
Outlays ....................................................................................
489
406
462
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... .................... ....................

450
489

468
406

462
462

The major objectives of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are to protect the animal and plant
resources of the Nation from destructive pests and diseases.
This mission is carried out under the five major areas of
activity, as follows:
Pest and disease exclusion.—The agency conducts inspection
and quarantine activities at U.S. ports-of-entry to prevent
the introduction of exotic animal and plant diseases and
pests. APHIS develops and conducts preclearance programs
to ensure that agricultural products destined for U.S. portsof-entry do not present a risk to U.S. agriculture. APHIS
engages in cooperative programs in foreign countries to control pests of imminent concern to the United States. APHIS
also certifies plants and plant products for export and regulates imports and exports of designated endangered plant species. User fees have been implemented to recover the cost
of certain agricultural quarantine inspection services.
Plant and animal health monitoring.—The Agency conducts
programs to assess animal and plant health and to detect
endemic and exotic diseases and pests. The plant and animal
health monitoring programs are primarily cooperative efforts
of the Federal and State governments, and industry. The
Agency also carries out surveys in cooperation with the States
to detect harmful plant and animal pests and diseases and
to determine if there is a need for pest eradication programs.
Pest and disease management programs.—The Agency carries out programs to control and eradicate infestations and
animal diseases that threaten the United States; to reduce

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0
41.0
41.0
41.0
42.0
42.0
42.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

202
14
22

1998 est.

219
14
11

1999 est.

220
15
10

Total personnel compensation .........................
238
244
245
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
55
56
55
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
1
1
1
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
19
19
18
Transportation of things ...........................................
4
4
4
Rental payments to others ........................................
6
4
4
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
13
15
13
Printing and reproduction .........................................
1
1
1
Other services ............................................................
94
92
62
Supplies and materials .............................................
22
22
21
Equipment .................................................................
21
21
21
Grants, subsidies, and contributions:
United States-Colombia Commission to Prevent
Foot-and-Mouth Disease ..................................
1
1
1
Joint Screwworm eradication programs ................
17
17
17
Joint Commission on the Mediterranean fruit fly
3
3
3
Grants, subsidies, and contributions-Other .........
3
3
2
Insurance claims and indemnities:
Brucellosis .............................................................
2
2
2
Karnal Bunt ...........................................................
2 ................... ...................
Tuberculosis .......................................................... ...................
1
1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

502
53

506
54

471
55

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

555

560

526

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1011
Exempt Full-time equivalent employment .................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

3,668
1,987

3,560
2,098

3,224
2,128

552

549

561

ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

Personnel Summary

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

1998 est.

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

1
1
3
1
4

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

Obligations by program activity:
Swine Health Protection .................................................
Pink Bollworm ................................................................
Animal Welfare ...............................................................
Biotechnology .................................................................
Veterninary Biologics .....................................................

1999 est.

Direct:
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

BUILDINGS

AND

145

FACILITIES

For plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of
fixed equipment or facilities, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 2250, and
acquisition of land as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 428a, ø$4,200,000¿
$5,200,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
23.95 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

68.00

1999 est.

1998 est.

10

Identification code 12–1600–2–1–352

10.00

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1600–2–1–352

Upon enactment of authorization of fees to cover all administrative
costs of services provided in support of biotechnology testing (pests)
authorized under the Federal Plant Pest Act (7 U.S.C. 150aa–150jj);
biotechnology testing (plants) authorized under the Plant Quarantine
Act (7 U.S.C. 151–165 and 167); animal welfare licensing authorized
under the Animal Welfare Act of 1966 (7 U.S.C. 2131–2159); veterinary biologics activities authorized under the Virus-Serum-Toxin Act
as amended (21 U.S.C. 151–159); pink bollworm eradication authorized under section 2509 of Public Law 101–624 (21 U.S.C. 136a);
and activities authorized under the Swine Health Protection Act of
1980 (7 U.S.C. 3801–3813); such fees shall be collected and credited
to this account as an offsetting collection, to remain available until
expended for the purpose of conducting such activities.

09.01
09.02
09.03
09.04
09.05

79

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

10
–10

10

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................

10
–10

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

10

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ................... ...................

10

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ................... ...................

Identification code 12–1601–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

8

20

9

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

30
3

27
4

11
5

33
–8

31
–20

16
–9

27

11

8

3

4

5

14
8
–9

13
20
–17

16
9
–8

13

16

17

10.00

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

–10

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Legislation will be proposed to establish user fees for
APHIS’ costs for animal welfare inspections, such as for animal research centers, humane societies, and kennels; for the
issuance of biotechnology certificates; for veterinary biologics
licensing, inspections, and testing activities; for activities associated with the control and or eradication of pink bollworm;
and inspections of facilities to comply with the garbage cooking requirements of the Swine Health Protection Act.
This is one of several proposals in the budget to charge
fees to users directly availing themselves of, or subject to,
a government service, program, or activity, in order to cover
the government’s costs. Legislation will be proposed to authorize the fees. Appropriations language is included which will,
upon the enactment of the authorizing legislation, permit the
Secretary to collect the fees and spend the collections.

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

3
6

1
16

1
7

87.00

89.00
90.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

9

17

8

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
9

4
17

5
8

The buildings and facilities fund provides for construction,
repairs, preventive maintenance, and alterations, as needed,
for APHIS operated facilities, which include animal quarantine stations, border inspection stations, sterile insect
rearing facilities, and laboratories.
The 1999 budget proposes $5.2 million for this program,
which consists of $2.0 million for repairs, alterations, preventive maintenance, and renovations for currently owned APHIS
facilities, and $3.2 million for the modernization of the Plum
Island, New York, Animal Disease Center.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1600–2–1–352

99.0
99.9

1997 actual

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1998 est.

Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ....................................................................... ................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

1999 est.

Identification code 12–1601–0–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10

25.2
32.0

Other services ................................................................
Land and structures ......................................................

5
3

16
4

5
4

10

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

8

20

9

80

ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Trust Funds

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Trust Funds

1101

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

1997 actual

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................
1
Receipts:
02.02 Miscellaneous contributed funds ...................................
11
02.03 Fees for feed and attendants for animals in quarantine ........................................................................ ...................
02.99

1998 est.

1999 est.

1997 actual

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

1

5

10

10

1

1

11

11

11

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Miscellaneous trust funds .............................................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

12

12

16

–11
1

–7
5

1998 est.

1999 est.

6

6

6

6

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2101 Federal liabilities: Accounts payable ......

6

6

6

6

1

1

1

1

2999

1

1

1

1

1999

Total receipts .............................................................

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3600 Other ........................................................

5

5

5

5

3999

Total net position ................................

5

5

5

5

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

6

6

6

6

–7
9

04.00

1996 actual

Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

MISCELLANEOUS TRUST FUNDS

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.5

Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.02 Expenses, feed, and attendants for animals in quarantine ........................................................................
00.03 Miscellaneous contributed funds ...................................

1
7

1
6

1
6

10.00

8

7

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

1
3

1
2

1
2

11.9
12.1
21.0
25.2

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Other services ................................................................

4
1
1
2

3
1
1
2

3
1
1
2

99.9

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Total obligations ........................................................

8

7

7

7

Total obligations ........................................................

Personnel Summary
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

6
7

6
7

14
–8

13
–7

13
–7

6

6

6

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE
The following table depicts the total funding for the Food
Safety and Inspection Service, which includes appropriated
funds and proceeds from proposed user fees:

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

11

7

7

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

8
–9

7
–7

7
–7

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

8
1

6
1

6
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

9

7

7

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

80

80

75

[In millions of dollars]

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

11
9

7
7

7
7

Distribution of budget authority by account:
Miscellaneous contributed funds ............................................

7

7

7

Distribution of outlays by account:
Miscellaneous contributed funds ............................................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

3
11

1997 actual

1998 est.

Appropriations:
Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority .................................................................
574
590
Outlays ................................................................................
570
589
User Fee:
Budget Authority ................................................................. .................... ....................
Outlays ................................................................................ .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .................................................................
Outlays ................................................................................

574
570

590
589

1999 est.

150
169
473
449
623
618

Federal Funds
General and special funds:

9

8

8

The following services are financed by fees and miscellaneous contributions advanced by importers, manufacturers,
States, organizations, individuals, and others:
Expenses, feed, and attendants for animals in quarantine.—
All costs associated with the quarantine of animals are paid
from fees advanced by importers (21 U.S.C. 102).
Miscellaneous contributed funds.—Funds are received from
States, local organizations, individuals, and others and are
available for plant and animal quarantine inspection and cooperative plant and animal disease and pest control activities
(7 U.S.C. 450b, 2220). Commencing in 1979, fees were collected for the importation of commercial birds.

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses to carry on services authorized by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and
the Egg Products Inspection Act, ø$589,263,000, of which $5,000,000
shall be available for obligation only after promulgation of a final
rule to implement the provisions of subsection (e) of section 5 of
the Egg Products Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 1034(e))¿ $149,566,000,
and in addition, $1,000,000 may be credited to this account from
fees collected for the cost of laboratory accreditation as authorized
by section 1017 of Public Law 102–237: Provided, That this appropriation shall not be available for shell egg surveillance under section
5(d) of the Egg Products Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 1034(d)): Provided
further, That this appropriation shall be available for field employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic
Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $75,000 shall be

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided further, That
this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250)
for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but
the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall
not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building: Provided further, That notwithstanding the Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act, the Food Safety
and Inspection Service may pay States up to 75 percent of the funding
for Cooperative Inspection Programs for the Field Automation and
Information Management Project, laboratory pathogen detection systems, and training in the principles and procedures of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point systems. (7 U.S.C. 450, 1901–06; 10
U.S.C. 2306; 18 U.S.C. 1114; 21 U.S.C. 451–470, 601–624, 641–645,
661, 671–680, 691–692; 694–695; Public Law 99–641; Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01
09.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

575
81

589
82

150
82

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

656

671

232

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

2
655

1 ...................
671
232

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

657
–656

672
–671

232
–232

1 ................... ...................

574

589

150

81

82

82

655

671

232

72.40

36
39
39
656
671
232
–651
–671
–233
–1 ................... ...................
39

39

38

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

546
24
81

565
24
82

144
7
82

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

651

671

233

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–1
–80

–1
–81

–1
–81

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–81

–82

–82

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

574
570

589
589

150
151

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
(in millions of dollars)

Enacted/requested:
1997 actual
1998 est.
1999 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
574
589
150
Outlays ....................................................................................
570
589
151
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... .................... ....................

Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

574
570

81
589
589

150
151

The primary objectives of the Food Safety and Inspection
Service are to ensure that meat, poultry, and egg products
are wholesome, unadulterated, and properly labeled and
packaged, as required by the Federal Meat Inspection Act,
the Poultry Products Inspection Act, and the Egg Products
Inspection Act. Providing adequate resources for Federal food
safety agencies continues to be a priority of the Administration, and the 1999 budget proposes a $33 million increase
for inspection of meat, poultry, and egg products to cover
pay cost increases for inspectors, grants for special assistance
to state inspection programs, and additional food safety education activities.
The meat, poultry, and egg products inspection program
of the Food Safety and Inspection Service provides in-plant
inspection of all domestic plants preparing meat, poultry, or
egg products for sale or distribution; reviews foreign inspection systems and establishments that prepare meat, poultry,
or egg products for export to the United States; and provides
technical and financial assistance to States which maintain
meat and poultry inspection programs.
In 1999, the Administration is proposing a new user fee
to offset the cost of Federal meat, poultry, and egg products
inspection. The proposal would require industry to reimburse
the government for all Federal services. This proposal would
ensure that sufficient resources are available to provide the
level of in-plant inspection necessary to meet the demands
of the industry.
On January 25, 1997, the President announced the 1998
President’s National Food Safety Initiative. The initiative included six components for improving the Federal food inspection system. Key components included expansion of the Federal food safety surveillance system, better coordination between Federal, State and local health authorities, implementation of improved inspection strategies, improved risk assessment capabilities, additional research, and more food safety
education for consumers and retail food service workers. The
1999 Food Safety Initiative builds upon the framework developed during the 1998 process. In 1999, the focus of this initiative is on enhancing the safety of imported and domestic
fruits and vegetables, increasing food safety education efforts
targeted to high risk populations, and development of information and tools necessary to cover a broader range of food
safety hazards.
FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES
Federally inspected establishments:
Slaughter plants .....................................................................
Processing plants ...................................................................
Combination slaughter and processing plants ......................
Talmadge-Aiken plants ...........................................................
Import establishments ............................................................
Egg plants ..............................................................................
Federally inspected and passed production (millions of
pounds):
Meat slaughter ........................................................................
Poultry slaughter .....................................................................
Egg products ...........................................................................
Product inspected and passed under HACCP system: a ........
Import/export activity (millions of pounds):
Meat and poultry imported .....................................................
Meat and poultry exported ......................................................
States and territories with cooperative programs: b
Intrastate inspection ...............................................................
Talmadge-Aiken inspection .....................................................
Number of slaughter and/or processing plants (excludes
exempt plants) ...................................................................
Pounds inspected slaughter (millions) ...................................
Compliance activities:
Marketplace reviews ...............................................................
Corrective action reviews ........................................................
Corrective actions completed .................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

274
4,352
976
221
156
79

268
4,441
1,001
218
148
81

262
4,312
973
216
139
80

40,522
44,233
3,179
N/A

41,002
46,505
3,360
51,316

41,488
48,894
3,550
88,308

2,400
8,200

2,400
8,200

2,400
9,000

26
9

25
9

25
9

2,840
1,265

2,820
1,392

2,800
1,532

—
26,142
327

20,000
50,000
600

c 101,000

50,000
700

82

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

EXPENSES—Continued

1997 actual

Identification code 12–3700–2–1–554

1998 est.

1999 est.

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES—Continued
1997 actual

Product Testing (samples analyzed):
Food chemistry ........................................................................
Food microbiology ...................................................................
Chemical residues ..................................................................
Antibiotic residues ..................................................................
Pathology samples ..................................................................
Egg Products:
Food chemistry ........................................................................
Food microbiology ...................................................................
Chemical residues ..................................................................
Consumer Education and public outreach:
Meat and Poultry Hotline Calls received ................................
Epidemiological Investigations:
Cooperative efforts with State and public health offices
Illnesses reported and treated d .............................................
Field Automation and Information Management Project (cumulative):
Number of computers provided to field inspection staff

1998 est.

1999 est.

18,478
83,669
47,582
115,659
5,710

15,000
250,000
40,000
115,000
6,000

15,000
250,000
40,000
115,000
6,000

0
1,966
816

200
2,000
900

200
2,000
900

138,120

163,000

168,000

40
7,332

40
7,332

1,944

2,744

4,369

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
11.3
11.5

1997 actual

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1998 est.

340
15
17

361
93
3
23
3
1

372
67
97
18
3
1
23
5
3
1
1 ...................

6
1
5
9

6
2
1 ...................
4
1
9
3

25.4
26.0
31.0
41.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Advisory and assistance services .............................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

5
2
9
12
42

5
1
2 ...................
9
2
13
6
41
43

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

575
81

589
82

150
82

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

656

671

232

24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3

61
3
3

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554

473

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

473

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

473
–473

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

473

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................

473
–473

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

473

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ................... ...................

–473

68.00

1999 est.

330
15
16

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3

Obligations by program activity:
Reimbursable program .................................................. ................... ...................

40
7,332

a Production data on meat and poultry slaughter operations reflect estimated output of establishments required
to produce under HACCP systems.
b States with cooperative agreements which are operating programs.
c Includes retail inspection audits and State assist activities—1,000; and marketplace sampling, testing, reviewing
and evaluation—100,000.
d Data must be collected over a number of years to chart national trends and estimate the incidence of
foodborne illness and treatment.

Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554

09.01

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Legislation will be proposed to charge fees for the cost
of all Federal inspection of meat, poultry, and egg products
at all establishments inspected by the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS). Currently, fees to reimburse the cost of
overtime inspection are required at some FSIS-inspected establishments, but not at others. Requiring the payment of
user fees for inspection services would not only result in savings to the taxpayer, but would also ensure that sufficient
resources are available to provide the mandatory inspection
services needed to meet increasing industry demand. These
fees would result in a cost of less than one cent per pound
of product to consumers, but would allow the government
to maintain its level of inspection effort to ensure a safe
supply of meat, poultry and egg products. The implementation
of the user fee authority would be designed to be fair and
equitable; promote accountability and efficiency; and minimize
any impact on the competitive balance among affected industries.
This is one of several proposals in the budget to charge
fees to users directly availing themselves of, or subject to,
a government service, program, or activity, in order to cover
the government’s costs.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

1001

9,432

9,440

1,650
1997 actual

Identification code 12–3700–2–1–554

1999 est.

99.5

AND

216

204

Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ....................................................................... ................... ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ...................

472
1

99.9

SALARIES

221

99.0

1998 est.

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

473

EXPENSES

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Upon enactment of authorization of a fee for the inspection of livestock, meat, poultry, and products thereof, and egg products, such
fees may be collected and credited to this account as an offsetting
collection, to remain available until expended for the purpose of conducting such inspections.

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–3700–2–1–554

2001

1997 actual

1998 est.

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

1999 est.

7,806

GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Trust Funds
EXPENSES

AND

REFUNDS, INSPECTION
PRODUCTS

AND

GRADING

OF

GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND
STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION

FARM

Federal Funds
General and special funds:

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

SALARIES
1997 actual

Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Fees for inspection and grading of farm products
4
5
5
Appropriation:
05.01 Expenses and refunds, inspection and grading of
farm products ............................................................
–4
–5
–5
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

83

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

4

5

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

4
–4

5
–5

5
–5

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

4

5

5

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

4
–4

5
–5

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the United
States Grain Standards Act, for the administration of the Packers
and Stockyards Act, for certifying procedures used to protect purchasers of farm products, and the standardization activities related
to grain under the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, including
field employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a)
of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $25,000
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$23,928,000¿ $11,797,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law
(7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal
year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value
of the building. (7 U.S.C. 71, 74–79, 84–87, 181–229, 1621–27; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

5

22.00
23.95

AND

5
–5

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Standardization ..............................................................
3
4 ...................
Compliance ....................................................................
5
4
5
Methods Development ....................................................
3
3 ...................
Packers and Stockyards Program ..................................
12
13
3
Start Up Costs ............................................................... ................... ...................
4

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

4

5

4
4

5
5

5
5

1998 est.

1999 est.

2
1

2
1

2
1

11.9
12.1

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................

3
1

3
1

3
1

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
4
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

4
1

4
1

5

5

4

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

23
–23

24
–24

12
–12

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

23

24

12

4
23
–23

4
24
–24

4
12
–14

4

4

2

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

19
4

21
3

11
3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

23

24

14

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

23
21

24
24

12
14

(in millions of dollars)

11.1
11.5

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

99.9

12

89.00
90.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

24

5

Under authority of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946,
Federal meat and poultry inspection services are provided
upon request and for a fee in cases where inspection is not
mandated by statute. This service includes: certifying products for export beyond the requirements of export certificates;
inspecting certain animals and poultry intended for human
food where inspection is not required by statute, such as
buffalo, rabbit, and quail; and inspecting products intended
for animal consumption.

Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

23

40.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

Total obligations ........................................................

22.00
23.95
86.97

10.00

1997 actual

42

1998 est.

46

1999 est.

42

Enacted/requested:
1997 actual
1998 est.
1999 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
23
24
12
Outlays ....................................................................................
23
24
14
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

23
23

24
24

12
14

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) establishes official United States standards for
grain, promotes the uniform application thereof by official
inspection personnel, provides for an official inspection system
for grain, and regulates the weighing and certification of the
weight of grain shipped in interstate or foreign commerce

84

GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

as authorized by the U.S. Grain Standards Act (USGSA),
as amended, and the regulations thereof, and the Agricultural
Marketing Act of 1946 (AMA).
Standardization activities include establishing and updating
U.S. grain standards, research, and developing and improving
methods to ensure the accurate and uniform application of
the standards.
The compliance activities ensure the accurate and uniform
application of the USGSA and applicable provisions of the
AMA. The compliance program functions include: (1) evaluating alleged violations and initiating preliminary investigations; (2) initiating the implementation of corrective actions;
(3) conducting management and technical reviews; (4) administering the designations and delegations of State and private
agencies to perform official functions and monitoring the performance of the agencies; (5) identifying and, where appropriate, waiving and monitoring conflicts of interest; (6) licensing personnel of delegated States and designated agencies;
(7) registering persons/firms engaged in the business of buying grain for sale in foreign commerce, and in the business
of handling, weighing, or transporting of grain for sale in
foreign commerce; (8) responding to audits of Grain Inspection
programs; and (9) reviewing and, when appropriate, approving official agencies’ fee schedules.
The International Monitoring Staff briefs foreign buyers,
assesses foreign inspection and weighing techniques, and responds to foreign quality and quantity complaints.
An advisory committee consisting of members from the
grain industry exists to advise the Agency regarding efficient
and economical implementation of the USGSA.
The Grain Quality Improvement Act of 1986 was enacted
on November 10, 1986, to improve the quality of U.S. grain
by prohibiting the introduction and reintroduction of dockage
and foreign material to grain.
For 1999, authorizing legislation will be submitted to permit, subject to appropriations, the collection and use of fees
to cover the cost of standardization activities and methods
development activities. In addition, a one-time increase is
proposed to relocate staff to more effectively analyze and investigate violations of the Packers and Stockyards Act.
The goal of the Packers and Stockyards program is to ensure the integrity of the livestock, meat, and poultry markets
and the marketplace in order to protect producers against
unfair, deceptive, or discriminatory practices as well as those
that are predatory or monopolistic in nature. Consumers and
members of the livestock, poultry, and meat industries are
also protected against unfair business practices in the marketing of livestock, meat and poultry, and from restrictions on
competition which could unduly affect prices. The Agency also
carries out the Secretary’s responsibilities under Section 1324
of the Food Security Act of 1985 covering ‘‘central filing systems’’ established by States for pre-notification of security
interests against farm products.
Authorizing legislation will be submitted that would establish a license fee that, subject to appropriations, would allow
the collection and expenditure of funds for all costs associated
with administering the Packers and Stockyards Act. Authorizing legislation will also be submitted to establish a Dealers
Trust. This would require livestock inventories and accounts
receivable due from the sale of livestock to be held in trust
for unpaid cash sellers at a time of financial failure.
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1997 actual

U.S. standards in effect at end of year .....................................
Standards reviews in progress ...................................................
Standards reviews completed .....................................................
Inspection techniques developed ................................................

19
7
3
10

1998 est.

19
3
3
2

On-site investigations .................................................................
Designations renewed .................................................................
Registration certificates issued ..................................................
Investigations ..............................................................................
Market agencies/dealers registered ............................................
Stockyards posted .......................................................................
Slaughtering and processing packers subject to the Act (estimated) .....................................................................................
Distributors, brokers, and dealers subject to the Act (estimated) .....................................................................................
Poultry operations subject to the Act .........................................

10
20
85
1,820
6,900
1,335

12
21
83
1,800
6,850
1,320

13
22
80
1,700
6,800
1,300

6,000

6,000

6,000

6,500
210

6,500
212

6,400
214

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
25.2
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

15
3
1
1
2
1

15
3
1
1
3
1

4
1
3
1
2
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

23

24

12

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

SALARIES

AND

1998 est.

309

345

1999 est.

85

EXPENSES

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Upon enactment of authorization of a fee to cover all administrative
costs authorized under the Packers and Stockyards Act (7 U.S.C.
181–229), such fees shall be collected and credited to this account
as offsetting collections, to remain available until expended for the
purpose of conducting such activities.
Further, upon enactment of authorization of a fee for services provided in support of standardization and methods of development activities authorized in section 16(I)(2) and 16(j) of the United States
Grain Standards Act (7 U.S.C. 87e(I)(2) and 87e(j), such fees shall
be collected and credited to this account as an offsetting collection,
to remain available until expended, as authorized by section 7(j)(1)
of such Act, for authorized purposes.
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2400–2–1–352

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

09.01
09.03
09.04

Obligations by program activity:
Standardization .............................................................. ................... ...................
Methods Development .................................................... ................... ...................
Packers and Stockyards Programs ................................ ................... ...................

3
3
11

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

17

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

17
–17

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

17

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................

17
–17

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

17

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ................... ...................

–17

68.00

1999 est.

19
3
3
2

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Legislation will be proposed to establish a fee for the standardization activities and the methods development activities
of the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration, a licensing fee to cover the costs of administering meat
packing and stockyard activities, and a statutory dealers
trust.
This is one of several proposals in the budget to charge
fees to users directly availing themselves of, or subject to,
a government service, program, or activity, in order to cover
the government’s costs. Legislation will be proposed to authorize the fees. Appropriations language is included which will,
upon the enactment of the authorizing legislation, permit the
Secretary to collect the fees and spend the collections.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2400–2–1–352

99.0
99.9

1998 est.

1999 est.

Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ....................................................................... ................... ...................

17

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

17

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2400–2–1–352

2001

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

260

Public enterprise funds:
INSPECTION

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

89.00
90.00

–32

AND

WEIGHING SERVICES

Not to exceed ø$43,092,000¿ $42,557,000 (from fees collected) shall
be obligated during the current fiscal year for inspection and weighing services: Provided, That if grain export activities require additional supervision and oversight, or other uncontrollable factors occur,
this limitation may be exceeded by up to 10 percent with notification
to the Appropriations Committees. (7 U.S.C. 71, 74–79, 84–87, 1621–
27; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration,
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

–43

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) provides a uniform system for the inspection
and weighing of grain. Services provided under this system
are financed through a fee supported revolving fund. This
authority has been extended through September 2000.
Fee supported programs include direct services, supervision
activities and administrative functions. Direct services include
official grain inspection and weighing by GIPSA employees
at certain export ports as well as the inspection of U.S. grain
shipped through Canada. The Agency supervises the inspection and weighing activities performed by its own employees.
The agency also oversees the inspection and weighing of grain
performed by employees of 8 delegated States and 57 designated State and private agencies. The Agency provides an
appeal service of original grain inspections and a registration
system for grain exporting firms. Through support from the
Association of American Railroads and user fees, GIPSA conducts a railroad track scale testing program. In addition, the
agency provides grading services, on request, for rice and
grain related products under the authority of the Agricultural
Marketing Act of 1946 (AMA).
Export grain inspected and/or weighed (million metric tons):
By Federal personnel ..............................................................
By delegated States ................................................................
Quantity of grain inspected (all official inspections) million
metric tons ..............................................................................
Number of inspections and reinspections:
By Federal personnel ..............................................................
By delegated state/official agency licenses ...........................
Number of appeals ......................................................................
Number of appeals carried to the Board of Appeals and Review .........................................................................................
Quantity of rice inspected (million metric tons) ........................
Quantity of rice exports (million metric tons) ............................

1998 est.

74.0
27.5

1999 est.

80.4
29.9

88.4
32.8

124.0

121.1

117.3

125,292
1,935,050
3,140

122,000
1,878,000
3,200

118,500
1,821,500
3,200

683
3.5
2.5

700
3.7
2.7

700
3.9
2.8

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

–43

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
1 ................... ...................

1997 actual

LIMITATION ON INSPECTION AND WEIGHING SERVICE EXPENSES

85

1998 est.

1996 actual

1997 actual

0101
0102

1997 actual

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

31
–34

32
–33

43
–43

43
–43

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–3

–1

..................

..................

1998 est.

1999 est.

Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
09.01 Reimbursable program ..................................................

32

43

43

10.00

33

43

1998 est.

1999 est.

43

Total obligations ........................................................

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
68.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

1997 actual

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
1803 Other Federal assets: Property, plant
and equipment, net ............................

1
4

..................
4

1
4

1
4

1

..................

1

1

1999

23.90
23.95
24.40

1996 actual

6

4

6

6

..................

–2

..................

..................

1
2

1
4

1
3

1
3

3

3

4

4

8
..................
–5
..................

4
9
–9
–3

4
6
–5
–3

4
6
–5
–3

Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

4
32

3
43

3
43

36
–33

46
–43

46
–43

3

3

3

32

43

43

2
33
–33

2
43
–43

2
43
–43

2

2

2

32

43

43

1101

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2101 Federal liabilities: Accounts payable ......
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3200 Invested capital .......................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............
3500 Future funding requirements ..................
3999

Total net position ................................

3

1

2

2

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

6

4

6

6

86

GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
00.91
09.01

INSPECTION

AND

WEIGHING SERVICES—Continued

LIMITATION ON INSPECTION AND WEIGHING SERVICE EXPENSES—

Continued

1997 actual

38
56

47
63

58
64

Total obligations ........................................................

94

110

122

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
21.40

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

10.00

Public enterprise funds—Continued

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
11.3
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

17
1
4

22
1
4

22
1
4

23.90
23.95
24.40

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
25.2
26.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
22
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
4
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
1
Rental payments to GSA ................................................ ...................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1
Other services ................................................................
3
Supplies and materials .................................................
1

27
5
1
1
1
7
1

27
5
1
1
1
7
1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ......................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

32
43
43
1 ................... ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

33

43

43

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

2001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

479

1999 est.

479

70.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

39
35
35
91
110
122
–1 ................... ...................
129
–94

145
–110

157
–122

35

35

35

39

47

58

52

63

64

91

110

122

72.40

479

22
24
28
94
110
122
–94
–105
–120
2 ................... ...................
24

28

30

39
42
3 ...................
52
63

51
5
64

86.90
86.93
86.97
87.00

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

94

105

120

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–2
–50

–2
–61

–2
–62

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–52

–63

–64

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

39
42

47
42

58
56

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
MARKETING SERVICES
For necessary expenses to carry on services related to consumer
protection, agricultural marketing and distribution, transportation,
and regulatory programs, as authorized by law, and for administration and coordination of payments to States; including field employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic
Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $90,000 for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$46,592,000¿ $58,469,000, including
funds for the wholesale market development program for the design
and development of wholesale and farmer market facilities for the
major metropolitan areas of the country: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the
alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost
of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed
10 percent of the current replacement value of the building.
Fees may be collected for the cost of standardization activities,
as established by regulation pursuant to law (31 U.S.C. 9701). (7
U.S.C. 1291, 1621–27: 15 U.S.C. 714–714p: 21 U.S.C. 1031–56: 26
U.S.C. 6804, 7233, 7263, 7492–93, 7701; 49 U.S.C. 1653.)
LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Not to exceed ø$59,521,000¿ $60,730,000 (from fees collected) shall
be obligated during the current fiscal year for administrative expenses: Provided, That if crop size is understated and/or other uncontrollable events occur, the agency may exceed this limitation by up
to 10 percent with notification to the Appropriations Committees.
(Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2500–0–1–352

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Market news service ..................................................
00.02
Inspection and standardization ................................
00.03
Market protection and promotion ..............................
00.04
Wholesale market development .................................
00.05
Transportation services .............................................

1997 actual

22
6
5
2
3

1998 est.

22
6
14
2
3

1999 est.

23
6
24
2
3

Agricultural Marketing Service activities assist producers
and handlers of agricultural commodities by providing a variety of marketing services. These services continue to become
more complex as the volume of agricultural commodities increases, as a greater number of new processed commodities
are developed, and as the agricultural market structure undergoes extensive changes. Marketing changes include increased concentration in food retailing, direct buying, decentralization of processing, growth of interregional competition,
vertical integration, and contract farming.
In 1999, $6.3 million has been included as part of the
Administration’s Food Safety Initiative. These funds will be
used to expand the Pesticide Data Program to monitor microbiological pathogens, and to establish a baseline for the level
of these on fruits and vegetables.
The individual Marketing Services activities include:
Market news service.—The market news program provides
the agricultural community with information pertaining to
the movement of agricultural products. This nationwide service provides daily reports on the supply, demand, and price
of over 700 commodities on domestic and foreign markets.
Inspection, grading and standardization.—Nationally uniform standards of quality for agricultural products are established and applied to specific lots of products to: promote
confidence between buyers and sellers; reduce hazards in marketing due to misunderstandings and disputes arising from
the use of nonstandard descriptions; and encourage better

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

preparation of uniform quality products for market. Grading
services are provided for cotton and domestic and imported
tobacco.
Quarterly inspection of egg handlers and hatcheries is conducted to ensure the proper disposition of shell eggs unfit
for human consumption.
MARKET NEWS PROGRAM
1997 actual

Percentage of reports released on time .....................................

1998 est.

90

94

1999 est.

94

COTTON AND TOBACCO USER FEE PROGRAM
1997 actual

Cotton classed (samples in millions) .........................................
Tobacco auction markets (million pounds) ................................
Imported tobacco inspected at markets and ports of entry
(million pounds) ......................................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

17.7
1632

17.8
1,472

17.8
1,472

468

425

425

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION AND PROCUREMENT ACTIVITIES
1997 actual

States and Commonwealths with cooperative agreements ........
Percentage of noncomplying shell egg lots that are reprocessed or diverted ....................................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

46

46

46

100

100

100

STANDARDIZATION ACTIVITIES
1997 actual

International and U.S. standards in effect, end of fiscal year
Number of commodities covered .................................................
Standards revised .......................................................................

1998 est.

584
230
8

587
230
20

1998 est.

63.0
77.3
3.4
56.7
16.0
8.2
1.4
2.4
0.3
40.0
0
105.6

61.8
78.0
3.4
56.7
16.0
8.2
1.4
2.4
0.3
40.0
0
105.8

83
4.0

91
4.8

91
5.8

1 40,000
2 83%

(work funded by EPA).
(work funded by EPA).

Wholesale market development.—This program is designed
to enhance the marketing of agricultural commodities in the
United States by conducting research into more efficient marketing methods for agricultural commodities and by providing
technical assistance to urban areas interested in improving
their food distribution facilities.
Transportation Services.—The activities are designed to ensure that the Nation’s transportation systems will adequately
serve the needs of agriculture and rural areas of the United
States.

581
229
12

MARKET PROTECTION AND PROMOTION ACTIVITIES
1997 actual

61.3
76.5
3.3
59.0
16.0
7.9
1.2
2.3
0
41.5
10.1
115.8

1999 est.

Market protection and promotion.—This program consists
of: (1) the research and promotion programs which are designed to improve the competitive position and expand markets for cotton, eggs and egg products, honey, pork, beef,
dairy products, potatoes, watermelons, mushrooms, soybeans,
fluid milk and popcorn; (2) the Federal Seed Act; and (3)
the administration of the Capper-Volstead Act and the Agricultural Fair Practices Act.
The pesticide recordkeeping program monitors compliance
of private certified applicators with Federal regulations requiring them to keep records of restricted pesticides used
in agricultural production.
The pesticide data program develops comprehensive, statistically defensible information on pesticide residues in food
to improve government dietary risk procedures.
Federal seed inspectors conduct tests on seed samples to
help ensure truthful labeling of agricultural and vegetable
seeds sold in interstate commerce.
The Capper-Volstead Act and the Agricultural Fair Practices Act protect producers against discriminatory practices
by handlers, permit producers to engage in cooperative efforts,
and ensure that such cooperatives do not engage in practices
that monopolize or restrain trade.
The national organic program is being established to certify
that organically produced food products meet national standards.
Pesticide Data Program:
Number of analyses performed ..............................................
Percentage of sampling and analysis goal ...........................
Pesticide Recordkeeping:
Number of State/Federal Inspections .....................................
Percentage of sampling goal attained ...................................
Seed Act:
Interstate investigations:
Completed ...........................................................................
Pending ...............................................................................
Seed samples tested ..............................................................
Percentage of cases submitted that are completed ..............
Plant Variety Protection Act:
Percentage of application processing goal completed ..........
Number of applications received ............................................
Certificates of protection issued ............................................
Research and promotion collections (dollars in millions):
Beef .........................................................................................

Cotton ......................................................................................
Dairy—National ......................................................................
Honey .......................................................................................
Pork .........................................................................................
Egg ..........................................................................................
Potato ......................................................................................
Watermelon .............................................................................
Mushroom ................................................................................
Popcorn ...................................................................................
Soybean ...................................................................................
Fresh cut flowers and greens .................................................
Fluid Milk ................................................................................
Percentage of board budgets and marketing plans approved within time frame goal ..........................................
Sales of certified organic products (dollars in billions)

87

WHOLESALE MARKET DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
1997 actual

Weighted average of customer survey results for various market projects and information products ...................................
Market studies initiated ..............................................................
Studies and projects completed .................................................

100
10
8

1998 est.

1999 est.

100
9
10

105
9
10

TRANSPORTATION SERVICES ACTIVITIES
1997 actual

Weighted average of customer survey results for various market projects and information products ...................................
Number of reports produced .......................................................
Number of workshops sponsored ................................................

100
6
4

1998 est.

1999 est.

100
8
2

105
8
2

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2500–0–1–352

11.1
11.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1998 est.

1999 est.

19
1

20
1

23
1

20
4
1
1

21
5
1
1

24
5
1
1

2
4

3
10

3
18

25.7
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

2
1
1
2

2
1
1
2

2
1
1
2

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3
25.2
25.3

1999 est.

01
02

51,000
100

55,000
100

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

38
56

47
63

58
64

4,748
102

4,658
98

4,800
98

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

94

110

122

597
550
2,494
106

650
550
3,000
92

650
550
3,000
92

63
417
182

81
350
250

89
350
275

45.6

44.0

44.0

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–2500–0–1–352

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

479

488

514

736

771

729

88

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
72.40

PAYMENTS

TO

STATES

AND

POSSESSIONS

For payments to departments of agriculture, bureaus and departments of markets, and similar agencies for marketing activities under
section 204(b) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C.
1623(b)), $1,200,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug
Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

1998 est.

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

10

7

8

89.00
90.00

1997 actual

86.97
86.98
87.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2501–0–1–352

4 ................... ...................
8
7
8
–10
–7
–8

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

9
10

9
7

7
8

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

1

1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

1
–1

1
–1

1
–1

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

1

1

1

1
1
–1

1
1
–1

1
1
–1

1

1

1

7
1

1

22.00
23.95

9
7
1 ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1

1

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

Grants are made on a matching fund basis to State departments of agriculture to carry out specifically approved programs designed to enhance marketing efficiency. Under this
activity, specialists work with farmers, marketing firms, and
other agencies in solving marketing problems and in using
research results.

License fees are deposited in this special fund and are
used to meet the costs of administering the Perishable Agricultural Commodities and the Produce Agency Acts (7 U.S.C.
491–497, 499a–499s).
The Acts are intended to ensure equitable treatment to
farmers and others in the marketing of fresh and frozen fruits
and vegetables. Commission merchants, dealers, and brokers
handling these products in interstate and foreign commerce
are licensed. Complaints of violations are investigated and
violations dealt with by (a) informal agreements between the
two parties, (b) formal decisions involving payment of reparation awards, and/or (c) suspension or revocation of license
and/or publication of the facts. Beginning October 1, 1994,
an additional fee was instituted for the filing of formal and
informal complaints of violations of the Act. The November
1995 amendments to the Perishable Agricultural Commodities
Act: (1) increase the license fee and phase out fees for wholesale grocers and retailers by 1999; (2) provide permanent
authority to the Secretary of Agriculture to set license and
reparation complaint filing fees; and repeal the 25 percent
maximum funding reserve cap.
A 1984 amendment to the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act requires traders to have trust assets on hand to
meet their obligations to fruit and vegetable suppliers. To
preserve their trust and establish their rights ahead of other
creditors, unpaid suppliers file notice with both the Department and their debtors that payment is due.

PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT FUND

PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT ACTIVITIES

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–5070–0–2–352

1997 actual

1997 actual
1998 est.

Percentage of informal reparation complaints completed within time frame goal .................................................................

1999 est.

1998 est.

85

1999 est.

85

85

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Deposits of Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act
fees ............................................................................
9
9
7
Appropriation:
05.01 Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act fund .............
–9
–9
–7
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

11.1
12.1
23.3
25.3

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................

4
1
1

4
1
1

4
1
1

2

1

2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

8

7

8

Identification code 12–5070–0–2–352

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations ............................................................

1997 actual

8

1998 est.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

1999 est.

7

1998 est.

1999 est.

Personnel Summary
8

Identification code 12–5070–0–2–352

1001
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–5070–0–2–352

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

97

1999 est.

97

97

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

60.25

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

5
9

6
9

8
7

14
–8

15
–7

15
–8

6

8

7

9

9

7

FUNDS

FOR

STRENGTHENING MARKETS, INCOME,
(SECTION 32)

AND

SUPPLY

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

Funds available under section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935
(7 U.S.C. 612c) shall be used only for commodity program expenses
as authorized therein, and other related operating expenses, except
for: (1) transfers to the Department of Commerce as authorized by

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Trust Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
the Fish and Wildlife Act of August 8, 1956; (2) transfers otherwise
provided in this Act; and (3) not more than ø$10,690,000¿
$10,998,000 for formulation and administration of marketing agreements and orders pursuant to the Agricultural Marketing Agreement
Act of 1937, and the Agricultural Act of 1961. (Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 30% of customs duties, funds for strengthening markets, income and supply (section 32) ......................

576

395

174

5,742

5,509

5,674

04.00

6,318

5,904

5,848

01.99

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Funds for strengthening markets, income, and supply
(section 32) ...............................................................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

89.00
90.00

–5,730
–5,848
174 ...................

1997 actual

Administrative costs in constant dollars as a percentage of
commodity purchases .............................................................

1997 actual

00.91
01.01

Subtotal, Commodity program payments .............
Administrative expenses ................................................

512
16

463
17

400
17

01.92
09.11

Total direct program .................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

528
1

480
1

417
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

529

481

418

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

300
424

234
514

267
451

63.00
68.00
70.00

1.1

1998 est.

1999 est.

1.1

1.1

1999 est.

400
400
400
101
63 ...................
2 ................... ...................
9 ................... ...................

60.25
61.00

450
416

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1998 est.

1997 actual

Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

513
479

WORKLOAD INDICATORS
–5,923
395

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
Commodity program payments:
00.01
Child nutrition program purchases ......................
00.02
Emergency surplus removal ..................................
00.03
Disaster relief .......................................................
00.04
Diversion payments ...............................................

23.90
23.95
24.40

423
550

Under section 32 of the act of August 24, 1935, as amended
(7 U.S.C. 612c), an amount equal to 30 percent of customs
receipts collected during each calendar year is automatically
appropriated for expanding outlets for nonbasic commodities.
An amount equal to 30 percent of receipts collected on fishery
products is transferred to the Department of Commerce. Most
of the funds are transferred to the Food and Consumer Service and are used to purchase commodities under section 6
of the National School Lunch Act and other authorities specified in the child nutrition appropriation. If unforeseen commodity surpluses should develop, unobligated reserve balances
are available for surplus removal.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

89

31.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Transportation of things: Commodities ....................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Supplies and materials: Grants of commodities to
States ....................................................................
Equipment .................................................................

99.0
99.0
99.9

11.1
12.1
22.0
23.3
25.2
25.3
25.7
26.0

1998 est.

1999 est.

8
2
4

9
2
4

9
2
4

1
2

1
2

1
2

3
1

3
1

3
1

506
1

457
1

394
1

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

528
1

480
1

417
1

Total obligations ........................................................

529

481

418

Personnel Summary
39 ................... ...................
763
–529

748
–481

718
–418

1997 actual

Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001
234

267

300

5,923
–5,500

5,730
–5,217

5,848
–5,398

Appropriation (total) ..................................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..............................................

423

513
1

1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

424

514

173

173

13

13

13

450

1

173

451

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................
Transferred to other accounts .......................................

Trust Funds
MISCELLANEOUS TRUST FUNDS
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

63
3
3
529
481
418
–550
–480
–417
–39 ................... ...................
3

3

3

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

187
363

243
237

180
237

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

550

480

417

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–1

–1

1998 est.

1999 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

–1

1997 actual

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Deposits of fees from inspection and grading of farm
products .....................................................................
103
106
106
Appropriation:
05.01 Miscellaneous trust funds .............................................
–103
–106
–106
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Dairy products ................................................................
Fruits and vegetables ....................................................

1997 actual

5
49

1998 est.

5
49

1999 est.

5
49

90

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Trust Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
2999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3600 Other ........................................................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

1998 est.

12

14

41

43

43

43

Total net position ................................

41

43

43

43

4999

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued

13

3999

MISCELLANEOUS TRUST FUNDS—Continued

Total liabilities and net position ............

54

55

57

57

1999 est.

00.03
00.04
00.05

Meat grading .................................................................
Poultry products .............................................................
Miscellaneous agricultural commodities .......................

20
22
8

21
24
7

21
24
7

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

104

106

106

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

60.27

32
103

137
–106

137
–106

31

31

103

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
U.S. Securities: Unrealized discounts .......................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.42 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
U.S. Securities: Unrealized discounts .......................

31
106

31

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

31
106

135
–104

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

14

106

106

72.42

–13
104
–109

–19
106
–106

–19
106
–106

–19

–19

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

11.1
11.3
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

53
4
8

54
5
8

54
5
8

65
16
1
6
1
1
4
5

67
17
1
6
1
1
2
6

67
17
1
6
1
1
2
6

26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Benefits for former personnel ........................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

3
1
1

3
1
1

3
1
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

104

106

106

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
25.2
25.3

–19

Personnel Summary
Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances ................................

90
19

94
12

94
12

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

109

106

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

103
109

106
106

1001

106

89.00
90.00

Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

106
106

Expenses and refunds, inspection and grading of farm products.—The commodity grading programs provide grading, examination, and certification services for a wide variety of
fresh and processed food commodities using federally approved grade standards and purchase specifications. Commodities graded include poultry, livestock, meat, dairy products,
and fresh and processed fruits and vegetables. These programs use official grade standards which reflect the relative
quality of a particular food commodity based on laboratory
testing and characteristics such as taste, color, weight, and
physical condition. Producers voluntarily request grading and
certification services which are provided on a fee for service
basis.

$0.07

1998 est.

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2101 Federal liabilities: Accounts payable ......
2207 Non-Federal liabilities: Unearned revenue (advances): Deposit funds ..........

1,522

1,538

MILK MARKET ORDERS ASSESSMENT FUND
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

$0.07

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

13

7

7

1

1

1

29
8

34
11

34
11

34
11

1

2

2

55

55

31
5

33
6

35
6

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

36

39

41

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.40
Uninvested .................................................................
21.41
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................

21
7

20
7

20
7

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................

28
36

27
39

27
41

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................

64
–36

66
–39

68
–41

20
7

20
7

20
7

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

27

27

27

68.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

36

39

41

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

36
–36

39
–39

41
–41

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

35
1

38
1

40
1

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

36

39

41

2

54

Obligations by program activity:
Administration ................................................................
Marketing service ...........................................................

7

3

09.01
09.02

24.40
24.41

1999 est.

$0.07

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

1999

1,564

1999 est.

24.99

1997 actual

Weighted average cost per cwt. (1990 index) ............................

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Non-Federal assets:
1201
Investments in non-Federal securities,
net ..................................................
1206
Receivables, net ..................................
1803 Other Federal assets: Property, plant
and equipment, net ............................

1998 est.

21.99
22.00

WORKLOAD INDICATORS

Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

55

2

..................

2

2

86.97
86.98

11

12

12

12

87.00

RISK MANAGEMENT AGENCY
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2201 Non-Federal liabilities: Accounts payable

91

1999

–39

Note.—The administration fund totals are comprised of 32 separate independent order accounts in 1997. The
Marketing Service fund totals are comprised of 36 separate independent order accounts in 1997.

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended—under
certain conditions—to issue Federal milk marketing orders
establishing minimum prices which handlers are required to
pay for milk purchased from producers.
Market administrators are appointed by the Secretary and
are responsible for carrying out the terms of specific marketing orders. Their operating expenses, partly financed by assessments on regulated handlers and partly by deductions
from producers, are reported in these schedules. These funds
are collected locally, deposited in local banks, and disbursed
directly by the market administrator.
Expenses of local offices are met from an administrative
fund and a marketing service fund, which are prescribed in
each order. The administrative fund is derived from prorated
handler assessments. The marketing service fund of the individual order disseminates market information to producers
who are not members of a qualified cooperative. It also provides for the verification of the weights, sampling, and testing
of milk from these producers. The cost of these services is
borne by such producers.
The maximum rates for administrative assessment and for
marketing services are set forth in each order and adjustments below these rates are made from time to time upon
recommendations by the market administrator and upon approval of the Agricultural Marketing Service to provide reserves at about a 6-month operating level. Upon termination
of any order, the statute provides for distributing the proceeds
from net assets pro rata to contributing handlers or producers, as the case may be.
WORKLOAD INDICATORS
1997 actual

1998 est.

94

1999 est.

85

32

32

1

1

1

1

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3200 Invested capital .......................................

1

1

1

1

29

31

31

31

3999

Total net position ................................

29

31

31

31

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

30

32

32

32

–41

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................
–1 ................... ...................

Percentage of formal and informal rulemaking completed
within internal timeframes .....................................................

32

2999

–36

30

85

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

0111
0112
0119

ADMINISTRATION:
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

23
5
2
2
1
1
1
1

25
5
2
3
1
1
1
1

26
5
3
3
1
1
1
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

36

39

41

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

2001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

461

460

1999 est.

460

RISK MANAGEMENT AGENCY
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
ADMINISTRATIVE

AND

OPERATING EXPENSES

For administrative and operating expenses, as authorized by the
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C.
6933), ø$64,000,000¿ $66,000,000: Provided, That not to exceed $700
shall be available for official reception and representation expenses,
as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1506(i). øIn addition, notwithstanding the
provisions of section 516(a)(1)(B) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act
(7 U.S.C. 1516(a)(1)(B)), for discretionary expenses, $188,571,000 for
the payment of administrative and operating expenses of approved
insurance providers.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

1997 actual

Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

29
–32

31
–31

33
–33

35
–35

Identification code 12–2707–0–1–351

–3

..................

..................

7
–5

7
–5

5
–5

6
–6

0129

Net income, Marketing service ................

2

2

..................

..................

0191

Total revenues .........................................

36

38

39

Total expenses .........................................

–37

–36

–39

–41

0199

Net income ..............................................

–1

2

..................

1999 est.

64
66
188 ...................

41

0192

Obligations by program activity:
Salaries and expenses ...................................................
62
Administrative expense reimbursements ....................... ...................

1998 est.

..................

0121
0122

Net loss, Administration ..........................
MARKETING SERVICE:
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

00.01
00.02

1997 actual

..................

10.00

ASSETS:
Investments in US securities:
1102
Federal assets: Treasury securities,
par ..................................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Other Federal assets:
1801
Cash and other monetary assets .......
1803
Property, plant and equipment, net

1996 actual

62

252

66

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

64
–62

252
–252

66
–66

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

64

252

66

6
62
–53

15
252
–227

40
66
–84

15

40

22

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
53
227
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................

59
25

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

Total obligations ........................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

6
3

7
3

7
3

7
3

17
4

18
4

18
4

18
4

86.90
86.93
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

53

227

84

92

RISK MANAGEMENT AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
ADMINISTRATIVE

AND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

OPERATING EXPENSES—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2707–0–1–351

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

64
53

1998 est.

252
227

1997 actual

Identification code 12–4085–0–3–351

1999 est.

66
84

00.02
01.01
01.02
10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Delivery and other expenses ..........................................
453
Indemnities ....................................................................
1,072
Dairy Options Pilot Program .......................................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

1,525

1998 est.

1999 est.

286
2,112
10

286
2,090
10

2,408

2,386

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
971
1,855
1,003
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
2,287
1,546
2,376
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
122 ................... ...................
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts ...................
10
10
21.40

This appropriation finances the administrative and operating expenses of the Risk Management Agency (RMA), which
provides crop insurance to farmers.
The Federal government reimburses private insurance companies for certain administrative expenses incurred while delivering the crop insurance program. The 1998 budget provided discretionary funding for the reimbursement of agents’
sales commissions in accordance with the Federal Crop Insurance Reform Act of 1994. In order to ensure that sufficient
funding is available to provide agent sales commissions, the
budget proposes to shift funding for this activity from discretionary spending to mandatory spending through the Federal
Crop Insurance Corporation Fund.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2707–0–1–351

23.90
23.95
24.40

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

3,380
–1,525

3,411
–2,408

3,389
–2,386

1,855

1,003

1,003

1,785

700

1,504

502

846

872

2,287

1,546

2,376

72.40

11.1
11.3

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................

25
1

28
1

30
1

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
26
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
5
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
2
Rental payments to others ............................................
1
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
2
Other services ................................................................
24
Supplies and materials ................................................. ...................
Equipment ......................................................................
2

29
6
1
1
1
210
1
3

31
7
1
1
1
21
1
3

252

66

936
864
1,256
1,525
2,408
2,386
–1,474
–2,016
–2,424
–122 ................... ...................
864

1,256

1,218

Total obligations ........................................................

62

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–2707–0–1–351

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

526

1998 est.

550

1999 est.

550

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

839
101
402
132

421
143
592
860

389
308
610
1,117

87.00

99.9

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1,474

2,016

2,424

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–502

–846

–872

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1,785
972

700
1,170

1,504
1,552

89.00
90.00

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
CORPORATIONS
The following corporations and agencies are hereby authorized to
make expenditures, within the limits of funds and borrowing authority available to each such corporation or agency and in accord with
law, and to make contracts and commitments without regard to fiscal
year limitations as provided by section 104 of the Government Corporation Control Act as may be necessary in carrying out the programs set forth in the budget for the current fiscal year for such
corporation or agency, except as hereinafter provided. (Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

Public enterprise funds:
FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION FUND
For payments as authorized by section 516 of the Federal Crop
Insurance Act such sums as may be necessary, to remain available
until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b). (Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1998.)

(in millions of dollars)

Enacted/requested:
1997 actual
1998 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
1,785
700
Outlays ....................................................................................
972
1,170
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

1,785
972

700
1,170

1999 est.

1,504
1,552
205
185
1,709
1,737

The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC), a whollyowned government corporation, provides multi-peril and catastrophic crop insurance protection against losses from unavoidable natural events. The Federal Crop Insurance Reform
Act of 1994 and the Federal Agriculture Improvement and
Reform Act of 1996 (1996 Act) brought many changes to the
program. With the reduced price support activities promulgated by the 1996 Act, the crop insurance program has become a more broad based safety net and includes programs
involving revenue insurance, risk management savings ac-

RISK MANAGEMENT AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

counts, and the use of the futures market to manage risk
and eliminate the need for ad hoc disaster assistance.
Under the 1996 Act, farmers are no longer required to
obtain Catastrophic Crop insurance (CAT), as previously mandated by the Federal Crop Insurance Reform Act of 1994.
Producers can instead agree in writing to waive eligibility
for emergency crop loss assistance in connection with the
crop. For producers who continue to obtain CAT, which compensates the farmer for losses up to 50 percent of the individual’s average yield at 60 percent (55 percent for the 1999
crop year) of the expected market price, premium is entirely
subsidized. The cost to the producer for this type of coverage
is an annual processing fee of $50 per crop per county up
to $200 per county, not to exceed $600 for all counties. Local
Farm Service Agency (FSA) offices and commercial insurance
companies delivered this product to the producer for the 1995
and 1996 crop years. For the 1997 crop year, FSA delivery
was discontinued in 14 states, and for the 1998 crop year,
FSA delivery will be discontinued for all remaining states
because the private sector delivery was determined to be sufficient.
Additional coverage is available to producers who wish to
insure crops above the 50 percent coverage level/60 percent
price level. Policyholders can elect to be paid up to 100 percent of the market price established by FCIC for each unit
of production their actual yield is less than the individual
yield guarantee. Premium rates for additional coverage depend on the level of protection selected and vary from crop
to crop and county to county. Producers are assessed a fee
of $10 per crop (may be $50 in some cases), in addition
to a share of premium. The additional levels of insurance
coverage are more attractive to farmers due to availability
of optional units, other policy provisions not available with
CAT coverage, and the ability to obtain a level of protection
that permits them to use crops as loan collateral and to
achieve greater financial security.
As mandated by the 1996 Act, three revenue insurance
programs are available under which producers of wheat, certain feedgrains, soybeans, and cotton are protected against
loss of revenue stemming from low prices, poor yields, or
a combination of both. Two plans were privately developed
and submitted to FCIC: Crop Revenue Coverage (CRC) and
Revenue Assurance (RA). The third plan is the Income Protection (IP) plan developed by FCIC. These three plans have
many similar features and some very distinctive features.
All provide a guaranteed revenue by combining yield and
price variability. Indemnities are due when any combination
of yield and price result in revenue that is less than the
revenue guarantee. Revenue protection for all products is provided by extending traditional multi peril crop insurance protection, based on actual production history, to include price
variability. The price component common to CRC, RA, and
IP uses the commodity futures market for price discovery.
These programs all seek to help ensure a certain level of
annual income and are offered through private insurance companies.
Progress in other program areas includes the Risk Management Education program which provides education in management of the financial risks inherent in the production and
marketing of agricultural commodities, the Options Pilot Program to ascertain whether trading in the futures and options
markets can be used by producers to reduce the risks of
market price fluctuation, and Quality Adjustment Provisions.
RMA also continues to improve and update the terms and
conditions of all crop insurance policies, which better clarifies
and defines the insurance protection provided by the insurance policies and the duties and responsibilities of the policyholder and insurance provider.

93

In crop year 1997, 180.4 million acres was insured, with
an estimated $1,760.9 million in total premium income, including $893.1 million in premium subsidy.
The Corporation’s budget is presented in accordance with
generally accepted accounting principles, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Statement No. 60, ‘‘Accounting and Reporting by Insurance Enterprises,’’ and Statement No. 5, ‘‘Accounting for Contingencies.’’
The following table compares the scope of the insurance
operations planned for 1999. Amounts in the 1997 column
are as of September 30, 1997, and pertain to the 1997 crop
year.
1997
crop year
actual

1998
crop year
estimate

1999
crop year
estimate

Number of States ...........................................................
Number of counties .......................................................
Insurance in force (millions) .........................................
Insured acreage (millions) .............................................

50
3,022
24,308
181

50
3,022
25,194
186

50
3,022
24,500
185

Producer premium (millions)1 .......................................
Premium subsidy (millions)1 .........................................

902
878

996
946

1,011
934

Total premium (millions)1 ................................

1,780

1,942

1,945

Indemnities (million)1 ....................................................
Loss ratio .......................................................................

1,357
.76

2,136
1.10

2,090
1.075

1 Includes amounts that will appear on the books of the reinsured companies. The Corporation records will
only reflect the net reinsurance income and net reinsurance loss.

Financing.—The Corporation is authorized under the Federal Crop Insurance Act, as amended, to use funds from the
issuance of capital stock which provides working capital for
the Corporation.
Receipts, which are for deposit to this fund, come mainly
from premiums paid by farmers. The principal payments from
this fund are for indemnities to insured farmers, and administrative expenses for approved insurance providers.
Premium subsidies are authorized by section 508(b) of the
Federal Crop Insurance Act, as amended, and are received
through appropriations.
PREMIUM AND SUBSIDY
[In millions of dollars]

1997
fiscal year
actual

1998
fiscal year
estimate

1999
fiscal year
estimate

Premiums:
Producer premium ...................................................................
Amount of subsidies ...............................................................
Additional coverage ............................................................
Catastrophic coverage ........................................................

877
923
765
158

982
936
914
22

1,009
936
936
0

Total premiums ..............................................................

1,800

1,918

1,945

Indemnities ..................................................................................
Additional coverage ............................................................
Catastrophic coverage ........................................................

1,072
1,126
–54

2,112
2,089
23

2,090
2,090
0

For crop years 1948 through 1996, indemnities ($15,807.4
million) exceeded premium income ($12,758.0 million) by
$3,049.4 million; the loss ratio for the period was 1.24.
The following table summarizes the insurance operations
for fiscal years 1997, 1998 and 1999:
NET INCOME OR LOSS (Ø) ON INSURANCE OPERATIONS
[In millions of dollars]

1997 fiscal
year
actual

1998 fiscal
year
estimate

1999 fiscal
year
estimate

Premiums over indemnities ...........................................
Interest expense, net .....................................................
Delivery expenses 1 ........................................................
Other income or expense, net (¥) ...............................
Reinsurance underwriting gain (+) or loss (¥) ..........
Research and Development start up expense ...............

¥195
0
¥485
¥1
¥340
¥2

¥1,130
0
¥275
0
¥136
¥11

¥1,082
0
¥480
0
¥136
¥11

Net income or loss (¥) ................................................

¥1,023

¥1,552

¥1,504

1 Figures

reflect delivery expenses borne by the Fund. In 1998, an additional $188 million in delivery expenses
was appropriated, for total expenses of $463 million. For 1999, all expenses are proposed to be paid by the
Fund.

94

RISK MANAGEMENT AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

Public enterprise funds—Continued
89.00
90.00

FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION FUND—Continued

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

205
185

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4085–0–3–351

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

641
–2,326

502
–1,525

846
–2,408

872
–2,376

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–1,685

–1,023

–1,562

–1,504

0199

Net income or loss ..................................

–1,685

–1,023

–1,562

–1,504

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

1997 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
1803 Other Federal assets: Property, plant
and equipment, net ............................

2,114
735

2,815
740

1,875
700

1,875
700

1

2

2

2

1999

2,850

3,557

2,577

2,577

Identification code 12–4085–0–3–351

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2105
Other ...................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2207
Other ...................................................

1
186

..................
222

..................
150

..................
150

220
1,632

188
1,485

200
1,262

200
1,262

2999

2,039

1,895

1,612

This schedule reflects a key part of the Administration’s
proposal to reinforce the farm income ‘‘safety net.’’ Legislation
to amend the Federal Crop Insurance (FCIC) Act would allow
the shift of funding for administrative expense reimbursement
from discretionary spending to the mandatory Federal Crop
Insurance Fund. As a partial PAYGO offset for the increase
in mandatory spending due to this shift, the Administration
is developing a combination of program changes that would
take effect beginning in 2000. Changes being considered include: placing a $100,000 limit on the indemnity producers
can receive from the premium-free catastrophic insurance policy; reducing the reimbursement rate paid to the private insurance companies from the current 27 percent of premium
to 25 percent of premium; slightly reducing the subsidy the
Federal government pays for insurance on changes from the
expected market price; and lowering the loss ratio that premiums are based on to 1.060 from the current 1.075 loss
ratio. Other USDA program changes will be used to meet
the rest of the PAYGO offset requirement.

1,612

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3200 Invested capital .......................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............
3500 Future funding requirements ..................
3600 Other ........................................................

2
1
–3,682
–6
4,496

1,120
1
–3,949
–6
4,496

10
2
–3,537
–7
4,496

10
2
–3,537
–7
4,496

3999

Total net position ................................

811

1,662

964

964

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

2,850

3,557

2,576

2,576

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4085–0–3–351

25.2

1997 actual

1998 est.

453

296

1999 est.

42.0
42.0

Other services ................................................................
Insurance claims and indemnities:
Insurance claims and indemnities (catastrophic)
Insurance claims and indemnities (reinsured) .........

296

–54
1,126

23 ...................
2,089
2,090

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1,525

2,408

2,386

FARM SERVICE AGENCY
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses for carrying out the administration and
implementation of programs administered by the Farm Service Agency, ø$700,659,000¿ $723,478,000, of which not less than $30,000,000
is for purchases of equipment or studies related to the Service Center
Initiative Common Computing Environment: Provided, That the Secretary is authorized to use the services, facilities, and authorities
(but not the funds) of the Commodity Credit Corporation to make
program payments for all programs administered by the Agency: Provided further, That other funds made available to the Agency for
authorized activities may be advanced to and merged with this account: Provided further, That these funds shall be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the
Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $1,000,000
shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109. (Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0600–0–1–351

FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION FUND
(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

578
153
16

510
174
17

533
175
15

747

701

723

208
84

210
80

228
76

09.01
09.02

Subtotal, direct program ......................................
Reimbursable program:
Farm Loans ...........................................................
Other reimbursable program ................................

09.09

Subtotal, reimbursable program ...............................

292

290

304

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1,039

991

1,027

1,039

991

1,027

Obligations by program activity:
Delivery expenses ........................................................... ................... ...................

205

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

205

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

205
–205

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ................... ...................

205

22.00
22.10

86.90

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ................... ...................

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Farm Programs ..........................................................
00.02
Conservation and Environment .................................
00.03
Commodity Operations ..............................................

00.02

73.10
73.20
74.40

1998 est.

00.91

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4085–4–3–351

1997 actual

205
–185
20

185

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to other accounts

23.90
23.95

20 ................... ...................
–20 ................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

1,039
–1,039

991
–991

1,027
–1,027

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................

747

701

723

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

68.00

Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

292

290

304

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

1,039

991

1,027

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

161
127
227
1,039
991
1,027
–1,048
–891
–1,023
–5 ................... ...................
–20 ................... ...................
127

227

231

640
601
116 ...................
292
290

619
100
304

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1,048

891

1,023

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–273
–19

–272
–18

–287
–17

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–292

–290

–304

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

747
756

701
601

723
719

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
(in millions of dollars)

1997 actual
1998 est.
1999 est.
Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
747
701
723
Outlays ....................................................................................
756
601
719
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... .................... ....................

Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

747
756

701
601

723
719

The Farm Service Agency (FSA) was established October
3, 1994, pursuant to the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994, P.L.
103–354. The Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act
of 1994 was amended on April 4, 1996, by the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (1996 Act), P.L.
104–127. The FSA administers a variety of activities, such
as farm income support programs through various loans and
payments; the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP); the
Emergency Conservation Program; the Hazardous Waste
Management Program; the Commodity Operation Programs
including the warehouse examination function; farm ownership, farm operating, emergency disaster, and other loan programs; price support and production control programs for tobacco and peanuts; and the Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP), which provides crop loss protection for
growers of many crops for which crop insurance is not available. The Agency also assists in the administration of several
conservation cost-share programs financed by the Commodity
Credit Corporation (CCC), including the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). In addition, FSA provides certain administrative support services to the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) and to the Risk Management Agency
(RMA).
This consolidated administrative expenses account includes
funds to cover expenses of programs administered by, and
functions assigned to, the Agency. The funds consist of a
direct appropriation, transfers from program loan accounts
under credit reform procedures, user fees, and advances and
reimbursements from other sources. This is a consolidated

95

account for administrative expenses of national, regional,
State, and county offices.
Farm Programs.—These programs provide an economic
safety net through farm income support to eligible producers,
cooperatives, and associations to help improve the economic
stability and viability of the agricultural sector and to ensure
the production of an adequate and reasonably priced supply
of food and fiber. Objectives of the Agency include maintaining a high Agricultural Market Transition Act (AMTA) participation rate for eligible acreage, providing marketing assistance loans and loan deficiency payments enabling recipients
to continue farming operations without marketing their product immediately after harvest, stabilizing the price and production of tobacco and peanuts, and providing a financial
assistance safety net to eligible producers when natural disasters result in a catastrophic loss of production or prevents
planting of noninsured crops, and timely designating eligible
Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) areas
and approving crop prices, average yields, and payment factors.
Other draft performance measures being considered by FSA
include increasing planting flexibility for AMTA, and other
programs. FSA proposed legislation in 1997 to expand planting flexibility. Regarding AMTA participation, FSA can control and influence AMTA participation to a limited degree.
One way is in reducing the numbers of required forms and
trips to the office. Measuring the changes in these elements
would serve both the direct effect—reducing paperwork and
office visits—and the indirect effect of making participation
in AMTA less burdensome.
Other performance measures being considered include excluding ineligible production from the receipt of loans when
loan deficiency payments have been obtained, and encouraging the use of practices like electronic warehouse receipts
that tend to reduce costs to the system. The performance
measure for the peanut program must express the balance
between maintaining the statutory goal of a no-net-cost program and avoiding adverse consumer impacts. In 1999, FSA
will use newly published marketing and price data series
to better set a quota reflecting domestic edible use. Other
measures reflect policy goals of increasing the opportunities
for new producers (especially beginning farmers) and nonquota holders to gain quotas as a performance measure. Likewise, other goals include increasing peanut exports and increased market orientation—including increased flexibility of
quota use—as well as increased planting flexibility as a longstanding Administration goal for all farm programs.
Farm program activities include the following functions
dealing with the administration of programs carried out
through the farmer committee system of the FSA: (a) developing program regulations and procedures; (b) collecting and
compiling basic data for individual farms; (c) establishing individual farm allotments for tobacco and peanuts and farm
planting history; (d) notifying producers of established allotments and farm planting histories; (e) determining farm marketing quotas for tobacco and peanuts; (f) conducting referendums and certifying results; (g) accepting farmer certifications
and checking compliance for specific purposes; (h) issuing
marketing cards so that production from the allotted acreage
can be marketed without penalty; (i) processing commodity
loan documents and issuing checks; (j) processing production
flexibility contract payments and issuing checks; and (k) certifying payment eligibility and monitoring payment limitations.
Conservation and Environment.—These programs assist agricultural producers and landowners in achieving a high level
of stewardship of soil, water, air, and wildlife resources on
America’s farmland and ranches while protecting the human
and natural environment. Objectives of the Agency include
improving environmental quality, protecting natural re-

96

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

SALARIES

AND

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

EXPENSES—Continued

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

sources, and enhancing habitat for fish and wildlife, including
threatened and endangered species, providing Emergency
Conservation Program funding for farmers and ranchers to
rehabilitate damaged farmland and for carrying out emergency conservation measures during periods of severe
drought, and protecting the public health of communities
through implementation of the Hazardous Waste Management Program. This activity includes: (a) processing producer
requests for conservation cost-sharing and issuing conservation reserve rental payments; and (b) issuing checks for other
conservation programs.
Commodity Operations.—This activity includes: (a) overall
management of CCC-owned commodities; (b) purchasing commodities; (c) donating commodities; (d) selling commodities;
(e) accounting for loans and commodities; and (f) commercial
warehouse activities, which include improving the effectiveness and efficiency of FSA’s commodity acquisition, procurement, storage, and distribution activities to support domestic
and international food assistance programs and administering
the U.S. Warehouse Act (USWA). The Agency provides for
the examination of warehouses licensed under the U.S. Warehouse Act and non-licensed warehouses storing CCC-owned
or pledged commodities. Examiners perform periodic examinations of the facilities and the warehouse records to ensure
protection of depositors against potential losses of the stored
commodities and to ensure compliance with the U.S. Warehouse Act and any CCC storage agreements.
Farm Loans (Reimbursable).—Provides for administering
the direct and guaranteed loan programs covered under the
Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund (ACIF). Activities include
reviewing applications, servicing the loan portfolio, and providing technical assistance and guidance to borrowers. These
administrative expenses are transferred to this consolidated
account from the ACIF. Appropriations representing subsidy
amounts necessary to support the individual program loan
levels under Federal Credit Reform are made to the ACIF
account.
Other Reimbursable Activities.—FSA collects a fee or is reimbursed for performing a variety of services for other Federal agencies, CCC, industry, and others, including certain
administrative support services for the Risk Management
Agency and the Foreign Agricultural Service, and for county
office services provided to Federal and non-Federal entities,
including a variety of services to producers.
Administrative Convergence.—The Department is coordinating the functions and personnel of the different field agencies
to provide a more seamless and efficient delivery system.
By 2002, the proposal would result in a 22 percent reduction
in administrative staffing from 1997. Savings by 2002 would
equal $127 million/year. Progress in 1999 would be indicated
by the creation of a Support Services Bureau reflecting a
new entity made by consolidating the agencies’ administrative
units, both at the National level and in each State.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0600–0–1–351

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

106
8
3

113
8
2

106
8
2

117
25
8
6
1
10

123
26
5
5
2
10

116
25
2
5
2
10

8

9

9

24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0
42.0

Printing and reproduction .........................................
2
Other services ............................................................
23
Supplies and materials .............................................
6
Equipment ................................................................. ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
540
Insurance claims and indemnities ...........................
1

2
21
6
2
488
2

2
21
6
2
521
2

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

747
292

701
290

723
304

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1,039

991

1,027

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–0600–0–1–351

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

SALARIES

AND

1998 est.

1999 est.

2,364

2,401

1,945

3,504

3,508

3,701

EXPENSES

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Upon enactment of authorization of a fee for providing information
obtained from information collections from persons participating in
the programs administered by the Farm Service Agency, such fee
shall be collected and credited to this account as an offsetting collection, to remain available until expended for authorized purposes.
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0600–2–1–351

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

09.01

Obligations by program activity:
Non-program acreage report ......................................... ................... ...................

10

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ................... ...................

10

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

10
–10

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

10

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................

10
–10

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

10

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ................... ...................

–10

68.00

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

In 1999, FSA proposes to begin to charge fees to cover
the costs of collecting and processing information of interest
to private individuals and companies, such as crop insurance
companies, appraisers, agricultural consultants, other agencies, etc. Information products developed from these collections shall be priced at the full cost of processing and dissemination. An estimated $10 million would be collected through
fees from these businesses and other agencies, which would
be available for salaries and expense obligations.
STATE MEDIATION GRANTS
For grants pursuant to section 502(b) of the Agricultural Credit
Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5101–5106), ø$2,000,000¿ $4,000,000. (Agri-

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
culture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

73.10
73.20
74.40

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

97

New obligations .............................................................
6 ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................
–3
–3
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
6
3 ...................

86.93

1997 actual

Identification code 12–0170–0–1–351

1998 est.

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

3

3

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

3

3

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

2

2

4

87.00

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

2
–2

2
–2

4
–4

89.00
90.00

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

2

2

4

2
2
–2

1
2
–2

1
4
–3

1

1

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

2
1

1
1

2
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2

2

3

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

2
3

2
2

Funding for the Tree Assistance Program (TAP) was provided by the 1997 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations
Act, P.L. 105–18, enacted June 12, 1997. The $9 million appropriation was made available for obligation through September 30, 1997, with any unobligated funding expiring.
TAP provides cost-share payments of up to 100 percent
to orchard and vineyard growers who replant or rehabilitate
orchard trees and vineyards lost to damaging weather, including freezes, excessive rainfalls, floods, droughts, tornadoes,
and earthquakes in fiscal year 1997. Eligible owners may
not receive more than $25,000 per person.
During 1997, 24 States, Guam and the Northern Mariana
Islands participated in the program, obligating a total of $6
million.

4
3

This grant program is authorized by Title V of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987, P.L. 100–233, as amended. Originally designed to address agricultural credit disputes, the
program was expanded by the Federal Crop Insurance Reform
and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994
(P.L. 103–354) to include other agricultural issues such as
wetland determinations, conservation compliance, rural water
loan programs, grazing on National Forest System lands, and
pesticide use. Grants are made to States whose agricultural
mediation programs have been certified by the Farm Service
Agency. A grant will not exceed 70 percent of the total fiscal
year funds that a qualifying State requires to operate and
administer its agricultural loan mediation program. In no
case will the total amount of a grant exceed $500,000 annually.

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
9 ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................
3
3

CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3319–0–1–302

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Technical assistance .....................................................

48

38

24

10.00

Total obligations (object class 25.2) ........................

48

38

24

111

86

48

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

3 ................... ...................
20 ................... ...................
134
–48

86
–38

48
–24

86

48

24

GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1997 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars). .................................

23
$2

1998 est.

1999 est.

21
$2

22
$4

TREE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
25 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
48
38
24
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–20
–63
–24
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
–3 ................... ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
25 ................... ...................
72.40

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2701–0–1–351

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

1998 est.

86.93

1999 est.

20

63

24

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

20

63

24

6 ................... ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

9 ................... ...................
–3 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

6 ................... ...................
–6 ................... ...................

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

9 ................... ...................

72.40

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

87.00

1997 actual

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................

6

3

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
20
63
24

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) was originally
mandated by the Food Security Act of 1985. The Federal
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (the 1996
Act), enacted April 4, 1996, retains the CRP as part of the
Environmental Conservation Acreage Reserve Program
(ECARP) but changed the funding source from direct appropriation to the Commodity Credit Corporation. Only very
minimal CCC funds were used for program operations in 1996

98

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM—Continued

EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM

since annual rental payments had been made very early in
the fiscal year using CRP appropriated funds.
In fiscal year 1997, annual rental and cost-share payments
for acres enrolled in the program were paid through the Commodity Credit Corporation. Remaining unobligated funds from
the fiscal year 1996 appropriated account are currently used
for CRP technical assistance. In providing technical assistance, the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) determines eligibility, develops conservation plans, and helps
install approved practices. The Forest Service (FS) and cooperating State forestry agencies develop plans for tree planting and assist in carrying them out. The Cooperative State
Research, Education, and Extension Service provides information and educational assistance to inform landowners and
operators about the program. Local soil and water conservation districts approve conservation plans. To ensure maximum
program benefits, USDA consults with land grant universities, State soil and water agencies, State fish and wildlife
agencies, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services, and others.
In fiscal year 1997, $47.6 million was obligated for the technical assistance services of NRCS and FS and a payment
of $19.4 million in CRP appropriated funds was made to
NRCS.
CRP program payments for fiscal years 1997, 1998, and
1999 are included under the Commodity Credit Corporation
account.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–3316–0–1–453

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

1997 actual

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

87.00

1998 est.

1999 est.

21.40

23.90
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

2

23

23

21 ................... ...................
23

23

23

23

23

23

72.40

161
76
32
–64
–44
–12
–21 ................... ...................
76

32

20

64

44

12

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
64
44
12

This program was terminated at the beginning of 1997 in
accordance with the Federal Agriculture Improvement and
Reform Act of 1996. The objectives of the Agricultural Conservation Program (ACP) were incorporated into the Environmental Quality Incentives Program which is funded by the
Commodity Credit Corporation and administered under the
lead of the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
The primary objectives of the program were to conserve
soil and water resources. Along with annual agreements, cost
sharing was authorized for long-term agreements of 3–10
years. At the end of 1997, there were $76 million in unliquidated obligations for ACP agreements.

79 ...................

22
79 ...................
95 ................... ...................
117
–38

79 ...................
–79 ...................

79 ................... ...................

95 ................... ...................

72.40

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3315–0–1–302

1999 est.

21.40

86.90
86.93

AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM

38

1998 est.

18
38
–32

24 ...................
79 ...................
–103 ...................

24 ................... ...................

16 ................... ...................
16
102 ...................
32

103 ...................

95 ................... ...................
32
103 ...................

This program was authorized by the Agricultural Credit
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201–05). It provides funds for sharing
the cost of emergency measures to deal with cases of severe
damage to farmlands and rangelands resulting from natural
disasters.
For 1997, pursuant to P.L. 104–208, enacted September
30, 1996, and P.L. 105–18, enacted June 12, 1997, $25 million
and $70 million respectively, in supplemental funding was
provided to the Emergency Conservation Program, to remain
available until expended. Under the 1997 program, cost-sharing and technical assistance were provided in 42 States as
well as the Virgin Islands to treat farmlands damaged by
floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, wildfires, and other natural disasters. The 1997 program rehabilitated approximately
1,551,215 acres of farmland damaged by these natural disasters.
No funding was provided in the 1998 Agriculture Appropriations Act for this program. The 1999 budget proposes
no funding.

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION
CORPORATIONS
The following corporations and agencies are hereby authorized to
make expenditures, within the limits of funds and borrowing authority available to each such corporation or agency and in accord with
law, and to make contracts and commitments without regard to fiscal
year limitations as provided by section 104 of the Government Corporation Control Act as may be necessary in carrying out the programs set forth in the budget for the current fiscal year for such
corporation or agency, except as hereinafter provided. (Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
02.02

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND
REIMBURSEMENT FOR NET REALIZED LOSSES

For fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999, such sums as may be necessary to
reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for net realized losses
sustained, but not previously reimbursed ø(estimated to be
$783,507,000 in the President’s fiscal year 1998 Budget Request
(H. Doc. 105–3)), but not to exceed $783,507,000¿, pursuant to section
2 of the Act of August 17, 1961 (15 U.S.C. 713a–11).
OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE
MANAGEMENT

For fiscal year ø1998¿ 1999, the Commodity Credit Corporation
shall not expend more than $5,000,000 for expenses to comply with
the requirement of section 107(g) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, 42 U.S.C. 9607(g),
and section 6001 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act,
42 U.S.C. 6961: Provided, That expenses shall be for operations and
maintenance costs only and that other hazardous waste management
costs shall be paid for by the USDA Hazardous Waste Management
appropriation in this Act.
øEXPORT

øThe Commodity Credit Corporation shall make available not less
than $5,500,000,000 in credit guarantees under its export credit guarantee program extended to finance the export sales of United States
agricultural commodities and the products thereof, as authorized by
section 202(a) and (b) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C.
5641).¿
MARKETS EXPORT CREDIT¿

366

350

Total special activities ..............................................
Reimbursable program:
Commodity loans .......................................................
Commodities procured—PL 480 Titles II and III
commodity costs ...................................................

250

366

350

5,333

6,408

7,451

521

526

526

09.09

Total reimbursable program ......................................

5,854

6,934

7,977

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

15,794

16,888

17,965

22.00
22.21
22.22

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance transferred to other accounts
Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts

15,798
–29
25

16,948
17,995
–64
–30
4 ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

15,794
–15,794

16,888
–16,888

17,965
–17,965

40.00
40.47

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
Appropriation .............................................................
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................

1,500
–1,500

784
–784

8,439
–8,439

09.01
09.01

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

67.10
68.00
70.00

Appropriation (total) ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Permanent:
Authority to borrow ....................................................
8,681
8,742
8,692
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
7,117
8,206
9,303
Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

15,798

16,948

17,995

72.40

øThe Commodity Credit Corporation shall make available not less
than $200,000,000 in credit guarantees under its export guarantee
program for credit expended to finance the export sales of United
States agricultural commodities and the products thereof to emerging
markets, as authorized by section 1542 of Public Law 101–624 (7
U.S.C. 5622 note).¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug
Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Support and related programs:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Commodity purchases and related inventory
transactions ......................................................
630
661
606
00.02
Storage, transportation, and other obligations
not included above ...........................................
352
443
830
Direct producer payments:
00.03
Feed grains .......................................................
3,834
3,071
2,967
00.04
Wheat ................................................................
1,389
1,503
1,451
00.05
Rice ...................................................................
451
485
469
00.06
Cotton ...............................................................
607
844
874
00.07
Noninsured assistance program ......................
32
86
90
00.08
Oilseeds loan deficency .................................... ................... ...................
2
00.09
Crop disaster ....................................................
2 ................... ...................
00.10
Livestock assistance ........................................
38 ................... ...................
00.11
Livestock indemnity ..........................................
49
8 ...................
00.12
Disaster reserve assistance .............................
41
7
4
00.13
Conservation reserve program .........................
1,671
1,798
1,694
00.14
Environmental quality incentives program—
EQIP ..............................................................
171
156
174
00.15
Wetlands reserve program ...............................
99
219
113
00.16
Farmland protection program ..........................
2
17 ...................
00.17
Conservation farm option ................................. ...................
11
20
00.18
Reimbursement agreement and transfers to
State and Federal agencies .............................
39
45
45
Interest expenses:
00.19
Treasury ............................................................
234
123
226
00.20
Other .................................................................
18
18
18
00.21
EQIP technical assistance ....................................
20
38
20
00.22
EQIP educational assistance ................................
5
6
6
00.91

250

43.00

CREDIT¿

Identification code 12–4336–0–3–999

Other PL 480 operating expenses .................................

02.91

Public enterprise funds:

øEMERGING

99

9,684

9,539

9,609

01.02

Total operating expenses .................................
Capital investment:
Direct loans:
Purchase of ADP equipment ............................

6

49

29

01.91

Total capital investment ..................................

6

49

29

01.92

Total support and related programs ....................

9,690

9,588

9,638

30,941
23,842
23,710
15,794
16,888
17,965
–14,396
–17,020
–18,238
–8,497 ................... ...................
23,842

23,710

23,437

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

8,419
5,977

8,426
8,594

8,409
9,829

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

14,396

17,020

18,238

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
Federal sources:
88.00
Sales to special activities ...........................
88.00
Interest revenue ...........................................
88.00
Advance from foreign assistance programs
(P.L. 480) .................................................
Non-Federal Sources (62 stat.1070): Support and
related programs:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Sales and other proceeds ............................
88.40
Assessments ................................................
88.40
Interest revenue ...........................................
88.40
Other revenue ...............................................
88.40
Loans repaid ................................................
88.40
Export credit sales program repayments ....
88.40
Interest revenue ...........................................

–180
–4
–2
–64
–67
–71
–191
–194
–220
–8 ................... ...................
–5,236
–6,495
–7,570
–3
–6
–9
–33
–29
–29

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–7,117

–8,206

–9,303

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

8,681
7,279

8,742
8,814

8,692
8,935

–521
–526
–526
–9 ................... ...................
–872

–885

–876

NOTES
Contingent liabilities, commitments, and other obligations do not become charges against the statutory borrowing
authority until they result in borrowing from Treasury.
Excludes amounts for activities currently funded in the CCC Export Guarantee Loan Programs account.

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
(in millions of dollars)

Enacted/requested:
1997 actual
1998 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
8,681
8,742
Outlays ....................................................................................
7,279
8,814
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... ....................

1999 est.

8,692
8,935
–240

100

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

Public enterprise funds—Continued
COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND—Continued
øEMERGING

MARKETS EXPORT CREDIT¿—Continued

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays—Continued
(in millions of dollars)

1997 actual

1998 est.

Outlays .................................................................................... .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

8,681
7,279

8,742
8,814

1999 est.

–327
8,452
8,608

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–999

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

SHORT TERM CREDIT LOANS
Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
1261 Adjustments: Capitalized interest .................................

388
388
382
–3
–6
–8
3 ................... ...................

1290

388

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

382

374

COMMODITY LOANS
Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation ............
5,333
6,408
7,451
1150

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

1210
1231
1251
1264

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net .............

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

5,333

6,408

7,451

1,254
1,351
1,264
5,333
6,408
7,451
–5,235
–6,495
–7,570
–1 ................... ...................
1,351

1,264

The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of
1996 (the 1996 Act) enacted April 4, 1996, retains the CRP
as part of the Environmental Conservation Acreage Reserve
Program (ECARP) but changed the funding source from direct
appropriation to the Commodity Credit Corporation. The CRP
is assumed to be gradually increased to 36.4 million acres
by 2001. The enrollment assumptions reflect Signup 15 enrollment which adds approximately 17.6 million acres, including
announced initial enrollment, changes in enrolled acreage resulting from errors and omissions in eligibility and Environmental Benefits Index (EBI) scoring determinations through
producer appeals, and additional acres accepted due to waivers approved for counties exceeding the 25 percent county
cropland limit. Conservation Reserve Program acreage also
contributes to the USDA Conservation Buffer Initiative and
the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program and to other
purposes which are estimated to enroll 5.5–9 million acres
through 2002. Signup 16, which was held from October 14
through November 14, 1997 will be reflected in the 1998
and 1999 enrollment figures.
These assumptions have been developed for budget purposes as the best estimate of acreage bid into the program
that will be both eligible and of high environmental quality.
As such, the estimate may not reflect the actual acreage
selected for Signup 16. USDA’s goal is that lands selected
for the CRP will only be those lands where the benefits to
the Nation of retirement are greater than the benefits of
continued production.
Appropriations are made to reimburse the Corporation for
net realized losses sustained in carrying out its operations:
1999 ESTIMATE
[In millions of dollars]

1,145
Program

SALE OF INVENTORY ON CREDIT TERMS
Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
30
30
30
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments ................. ................... ................... ...................
1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

30

30

30

The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) was created to:
stabilize, support, and protect farm income and prices; help
maintain balanced and adequate supplies of agricultural commodities, their products, foods, feeds, and fibers; and help
in their orderly distribution.
The Corporation’s capital stock of $100 million is held by
the U.S. Treasury. Under present law, up to $30 billion may
be borrowed from the U.S. Treasury to finance operations.
Current, indefinite appropriation authority is requested to
cover all net realized losses. Appropriations to the Corporation
for net realized losses have no effect on budget authority,
as they are used to repay debt directly with the Treasury.
Budget assumptions.—The following general assumptions
form the basis for the Corporation’s 1998 and 1999 budget
estimates: (a) national income will rise both in 1998 and
1999 from the present level; (b) 1998 crop production will
increase from 1997 crop levels for some commodities; (c) generally, exports of agricultural commodities in 1999 are expected to be higher than 1998 levels; (d) yields for the 1998
crops are based on recent averages adjusted for trend; (e)
acreage allotments and marketing quotas will be in effect
for the 1998 crops of certain kinds of tobacco; and (f) poundage quotas will be in effect for the 1998 crop of peanuts.
It is difficult to accurately forecast requirements for the
year ending September 30, 1999, since the projections are
subject to complex and unpredictable factors such as weather,
other factors which affect the volume of production of crops
not yet planted, feed and food needs here and overseas, and
available dollar exchange.

Farm income and price support:
Commodity loans ....................................................................
Feed grain payments ..............................................................
Wheat payments .....................................................................
Rice payments ........................................................................
Cotton payments .....................................................................
Export Enhancement Program ................................................
Other support and related ......................................................
Other items not distributed by program:
Interest ...............................................................................
All other ..............................................................................

Gross
obligations

7,451
2,967
1,451
469
874
550
914

Net realized
loss for year

–119 ....................
2,967
2,967
1,451
1,451
469
469
874
874
550
550
335
404
–28
395

–6
108

Total, farm income and price-support programs ..........
15,046
6,894
Conservation programs:
Conservation reserve program ................................................
1,694
1,694
Environmental quality incentives program .............................
174
154
Wetlands reserve program ......................................................
113
167
Farmland protection program ................................................. ....................
15
Conservation farm option program ........................................
20
11
Wildlife habitat incentives program ....................................... .................... ....................

6,817

Total, conservation programs .............................................
Total, Commodity Credit Corporation ........................

244
126

Net outlays

2,001
17,047

2,041
8,935

1,784
154
167
10
11
20
2,146
8,963

PROGRAMS OF THE CORPORATION

Price support, marketing assistance loans, and related stabilization programs.—The Corporation conducts programs to
support farm income and prices and stabilize the market for
agricultural commodities. Price support is provided to producers of agricultural commodities through loans, purchases, payments, and other means. This is done mainly under the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, as amended, the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended, and the Federal Agriculture
Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (the 1996 Act).
Price support is mandatory for tobacco, peanuts, and dairy
products. Marketing assistance loans are mandatory for
wheat, feed grains, oilseeds, upland cotton, and rice. Loans
are also required to be made for sugar and extra long staple
cotton.

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

One method of providing support is loans to and purchases
from producers. With limited exceptions, loans made on commodities are nonrecourse. The commodities serve as collateral
for the loan and on maturity the producer may deliver or
forfeit such collateral to satisfy the loan obligation without
further payment.
Direct purchases may be made from processors as well as
producers, depending on the commodity involved. Also, special
purchases are made under various laws for the removal of
surpluses; for example, the Act of August 19, 1958, as amended, and section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended.
Production flexibility contract payments.—The 1996 Act requires that the Corporation offer eligible producers a onetime opportunity to execute 7-year production flexibility contracts. Production flexibility contract participants who comply
with applicable provisions receive annual payments beginning
in 1996 and ending in 2002. Participants received a 50-percent advance payment for the 1996 crop within 30 days after
contract approval. The balance of the 1996 payment was issued by September 30, 1996. In subsequent years, participants will receive final payments by September 30, with an
option to receive advances on December 15 or January 15.
Depending on each contract participant’s prior contract-crop
acreage history and payment yield, as well as total program
participation, the participant shares a portion of a statutorily
specified, annual dollar amount. In return, participants must
comply with certain requirements regarding land conservation, wetland protection, and agricultural use. Contract crops,
for the purposes of determining eligible cropland and payments, include wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, and rice. No production adjustment requirements
or related provisions are included in this program, except
for restrictions on the planting of fruits and vegetables and
other minor requirements. The one-time enrollment took place
between May 1 and August 1, 1996; however, producers with
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) contracts will have the
opportunity to enroll acreage currently in the CRP that meets
the eligibility requirements for a production flexibility contract. These enrollments will occur as CRP contracts expire.
Marketing assessments.—The 1949 Act mandates assessments for tobacco, and the 1996 Act requires such assessments for peanuts and sugar.
Peanut price support program.—The 1996 Act and the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended (the 1938 Act),
provide for a peanut loan and poundage quota program for
the 1996 through 2002 peanut crops. The 1996 Act makes
the peanut program, effectively, a no-cost program. The Secretary is required to provide a nonrefundable per-pound marketing assessment equal to 1.15 percent of the national average quota or additional peanut loan rate for the applicable
1996 crop and 1.2 percent of the national average quota or
additional peanut loan rate for each of the applicable 1997
through 2002 crops. Assessments will be used to offset losses
in area quota pools, and any assessments not required to
cover these losses will be remitted to the Treasury. If the
use of all other available authority does not produce funds
sufficient to cover losses in area quota pools, the Secretary
must increase the marketing assessment by an amount that
will cover the losses.
Sugar Program.—The 1996 Act requires that loans be made
available to eligible sugar processors for the 1996 through
2002 crops of domestically produced sugar beets and sugarcane. The announced Tariff Rate Quota (TRQ) determines
the type of loan in effect. If the TRQ is not above 1,500,000
short tons, raw value, at the time of loan approval and has
never been above 1,500,000 short tons, raw value, at any
time during the fiscal year, recourse loans will be in effect.
If the TRQ exceeds 1,500,000 short tons, raw value, at the
time of loan approval or has exceeded 1,500,000 short tons,

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

101

raw value, at any time during the fiscal year, nonrecourse
loans will be in effect.
Options Pilot Program.—The 1996 Act authorizes the Secretary, until December 31, 2002, to conduct a pilot program
for one or more agricultural commodities supported under
Title I of the 1996 Act to ascertain whether futures and
options contracts can reasonably protect producers from the
financial risks of fluctuations in price, yield, and income inherent in the production and marketing of the commodities.
The Secretary shall administer the pilot program through
the Risk Management Agency using CCC funds. To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall operate the pilot
program in a budget neutral manner.
The Federal Crop Insurance Reform Act of 1994 expanded
current crop insurance authorities to provide for catastrophic
coverage at 50 percent yield protection at a flat fee for crops
currently covered by insurance programs. Where crop insurance is not available, producers of crops for food and fiber
and certain other crops will be covered under the Noninsured
Assistance Program. Effective with the 1996 crop, the Farm
Service Agency administers the Noninsured Assistance Program, and the Secretary may use CCC funds to carry out
the program. The program will reimburse producers at the
same rates and terms as the catastrophic program where
assistance is triggered by area wide disasters.
Dairy.—The 1996 Act provides for a dairy price support
program that sets the minimum support price for milk at
$10.35 per hundredweight for calendar year 1996, $10.20 per
hundredweight for calendar year 1997, $10.05 per hundredweight for calendar year 1998, and $9.90 per hundredweight
for calendar year 1999. In lieu of the price support program,
the 1996 Act establishes a recourse loan program beginning
on January 1, 2000, and continuing through 2002, during
which time processors will be eligible for recourse loans on
dairy products at a milk equivalent rate of $9.90 per hundredweight. The Food Security Act of 1985, as amended (the 1985
Act), authorizes the Dairy Export Incentive Program (DEIP)
through calendar year 2002. The DEIP provides subsidies
to exporters of U.S. dairy products to help them compete
with other subsidizing nations.
Payment limitations.—The 1996 Act and the Food Security
Act of 1985, as amended, limit the amount of production
flexibility contract payments during any fiscal year to $40,000
and the sum of marketing assistance gains and loan deficiency payments during any crop year to $75,000.
Conservation programs.—The Environmental Conservation
Acreage Reserve Program (ECARP) was re-established by the
1996 Act to begin in 1996 and continue through 2002. ECARP
consists of the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), the Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP), and the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). The 1996 Act amended the
1985 Act to require the use of CCC funds for these programs.
The CRP is authorized in all 50 States, Puerto Rico, and
the Virgin Islands, on all highly erodible cropland, other environmentally sensitive cropland, and certain marginal
pastureland meeting the eligibility criteria. In addition to
cropland in areas adjacent to lakes and streams that can
be devoted to filter strips, and cropland subject to overflow
and suffering from scour erosion, eligible land may include
shelterbelts windbreaks cropland contributing to water quality problems, and other lands posing environmental threats.
Also eligible for the CRP are water quality or wildlife habitat
impaired areas that do not meet the highly erodible land
(HEL) criteria, such as the Chesapeake Bay, Great Lakes,
and Long Island Sound watershed regions.
The establishment and funding for Conservation Priority
Areas (CPA) under both EQIP and CRP will be harmonized
in a manner to ensure program availability is coordinated
to best address environmental concerns, keeping in mind the
varied and diverse purposes for which the CRP and EQIP

102

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

Public enterprise funds—Continued
COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND—Continued
PROGRAMS OF THE CORPORATION—Continued

are authorized. The 17th Signup of the CRP will have some
different procedures in place for CPAs.
The EQIP combines the functions of the former Agricultural
Conservation Program (ACP), the Water Quality Incentives
Program (WQIP), the Great Plains Conservation Program
(GPCP), and the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program (CRSC). The 1996 Act provided that EQIP would be
phased in over a 6-month interim period, ending not later
than October 4, 1996. CCC funding of $130 million was provided for the interim 1996 program. Thereafter, through fiscal
year 2002, $200 million in CCC funding must be made available annually for the program.
The Farmland Protection Program (FPP) authorizes the
Secretary to assist State and local governments in purchasing
conservation easements. The Secretary shall not use more
than $35 million in CCC funds to carry out this program.
The Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program makes available
assistance to help landowners improve wildlife habitat on private lands. A total of $50 million in CRP funds must be
made available for fiscal years 1996 through 2002 for this
program.
The Conservation Farm Option Program (CFO) is a pilot
program for producers of wheat, feed grains, upland cotton,
and rice who are eligible for production flexibility contracts.
Under this program, producers may consolidate their production flexibility contract, CRP, WRP, and EQIP payments into
one annual payment if they enter into a 10-year contract
and adopt an approved conservation farm plan. CCC must
make available the following funding for the CFO: $7.5 million in fiscal year 1997, $15 million in fiscal year 1998, $25
million in fiscal year 1999, $37.5 million in fiscal year 2000,
$50 million in fiscal year 2001, and $62.5 million in fiscal
year 2002. Total authorized funding is $197.5 million. However, no obligations were incurred in fiscal year 1997.
Under the terms of the Flood Risk Reduction Program as
enacted in the 1996 Act, during each of fiscal years 1996
through 2002, the Secretary may enter into a contract with
a producer who has contract acreage in the production flexibility program that is frequently flooded. Producers can receive up to 95 percent of the projected production flexibility
contract payments the producer would otherwise have received from the time of enrollment in the Flood Risk Reduction Program through September 30, 2002. In return, producers must terminate their production flexibility contract with
respect to the enrolled acreage, comply with swampbuster
and conservation compliance provisions, and forgo future disaster payments, crop insurance payments, conservation program payments, and loans for contract commodities, oilseeds,
and extra long staple cotton. The 1996 Act provided that
the Secretary shall carry out the program through the Commodity Credit Corporation.
Supply and foreign purchases.—The Corporation can procure from domestic and foreign sources food, agricultural commodities, and products and related materials to supply the
needs of Federal agencies, foreign governments, and private
and international relief agencies, under section 5 (b) and (c)
of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, as amended.
Commodity exports.—The Corporation promotes the export
of agricultural commodities and products through sales for
dollars or foreign currency, payments, extension of credit, assumption of certain risks, and conduct of other operations
with respect to the exportation of commodities. Such commodities and products may be those held in private trade channels
as well as those acquired by the Corporation. These programs

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

are carried out under the authority of the CCC Charter Act
and other specific legislation.
Foreign donations.—The Corporation may furnish commodities under the authority of section 416(b) of the Agricultural
Act of 1949 to carry out programs of assistance in developing
countries and friendly countries and pay costs associated with
making the commodities available. The Corporation may also
use its funds to furnish commodities overseas under the authority of the Food for Progress Act of 1985; however, not
more than 500,000 metric tons of commodities may be provided under this authority in each fiscal year, and not more
than $30 million of the funds of the Corporation (exclusive
of the costs of commodities) may be used for each fiscal year.
In addition, under the Food for Progress Act of 1985, not
to exceed $10 million of the Corporation’s funds or commodities may be used each fiscal year to enhance the development
of private sector agriculture in countries receiving commodities under the Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Loan operations.—The following table reflects commodity
loan operations of the Corporation:
[In millions of dollars]

Item

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Loans outstanding, gross, start of year:
Commodity Credit Corporation ..................................
Additional loans made ..............................................
Deduct:
Loans repaid ..............................................................
Write-offs ...................................................................

1,254
5,333

1,351
6,408

1,263
7,451

¥5,235
¥1

¥6,496
......................

¥7,569
......................

Total loans outstanding, gross, end of year

1,351

1,263

1,145

Inventory operations.—The following table reflects the inventory operations applicable to the preceding programs:
AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES
[In millions of dollars]

Item

On hand, start of year, gross ........................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

485

377

399

Acquisitions:
Forfeiture of loan collateral ......................................
Purchases ..................................................................
Carrying charges:
Charges to inventory .................................................
Storage and handling (non-add) ..............................
Transportation (non-add) ..........................................

1
627

......................
659

......................
602

3
(30)
......................

3
(29)
(2)

4
(29)
(1)

Total acquisitions .............................................

631

662

606

Dispositions:
Domestic donations to:
Institutions ............................................................

2

39

50

Total domestic donations .................................

2

39

50

Export donations ........................................................
Sales and transfers:
Special programs: Title II, Public Law 480 ..........
Title III, Public Law 480 .......................................
Other sales ............................................................
Net loss or gain (¥) on sales and transfers

59

71

76

468
53
166
¥9

504
23
3
......................

504
23
1
......................

Total sales and transfers .................................

678

530

528

Total dispositions .............................................

739

640

654

On hand, end of year, gross .........................................

377

399

351

On hand, end of year, net .............................................

377

399

351

Other data.—The following table reflects other data which
are applicable to price support and related programs:

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
DATA ON SUPPORT AND RELATED PROGRAMS

SPECIAL ACTIVITIES

[In millions of dollars]

Item

Loans made .................................................................................
Loans repaid ................................................................................
Loans outstanding, end of year ..................................................
Acquisitions .................................................................................
Cost of commodities sold ...........................................................
Cost of commodities donated .....................................................
Inventory, end of year .................................................................
Investment in loans and inventory, end of year ........................
Direct producer payments ...........................................................
Net expenditures ..........................................................................
Realized losses ............................................................................

1997 actual

5,333
5,235
1,351
631
678
61
377
1,728
7,147
7,256
8,506

103

1998 est.

6,408
6,496
1,263
662
530
110
399
1,662
8,036
8,574
8,538

1999 est.

7,451
7,569
1,145
606
528
126
351
1,496
7,844
8,747
8,963

Operating expenses.—The Corporation carries out its functions through utilization of employees and facilities of other
Government agencies. Administrative expenses are incurred
by: the Farm Service Agency (FSA); the Foreign Agricultural
Service; the Natural Resources Conservation Service; the Risk
Management Agency; other agencies of the Department engaged in the Corporation’s activities; and the Office of the
Inspector General for audit functions. Additional expenses are
incurred by FSA county offices for work related to programs
of the Corporation, other FSA expenses offset by revenue,
custodian, and agency expenses of the Federal Reserve banks
and lending agencies, and miscellaneous costs.
Expenses are incurred for acquisition, operation, maintenance, improvement, or disposition of existing property that
the Corporation owns or in which it has an interest. These
expenses are treated as program expenses. Such program expenses include inspection, classing, and grading work performed on a fee basis by Federal employees or Federal- or
State-licensed inspectors; and special services performed by
Federal agencies within and outside this Department. Most
of these general expenses, including storage and handling,
transportation, inspection, classing and grading, and producer
storage payments, are included in program costs. They are
shown in the program and financing schedule in the entries
entitled ‘‘Storage, transportation, and other obligations not
included above,’’ and ‘‘Producer storage payments.’’
Section 161 of the 1996 Act amended the CCC Charter
Act to significantly limit the use of CCC funds. CCC no longer
has authority to purchase personal property except within
authorized limitations. CCC spending for equipment or services relating to automated data processing (ADP), information
technologies, or related items (including telecommunications
equipment and computer hardware and software, but excluding reimbursable agreements) was limited to $170 million
in fiscal year 1996, and $275 million for the six-year period
including fiscal years 1997 through 2002, unless additional
amounts for such contracts and agreements are provided in
advance in appropriation acts. The 1996 Act also requires
that CCC submit an itemized report to Congress on a quarterly basis of all expenditures, excluding program payments,
of over $10,000.
Section 161 of the 1996 Act also amended section 11 of
the CCC Charter Act to limit the use of CCC funds for the
transfer and allotment of funds to State and Federal agencies.
Beginning on October 1, 1996, the total of these allotments
and transfers under that section in a fiscal year, including
agreements for ADP or information resource management activities, may not exceed the total of such alloments and transfers in fiscal year 1995. The obligations for these Section
11 activities in fiscal year 1995 were $46.188 million.
The Corporation receives reimbursement for grain requisitioned pursuant to Public Law 87–152 by the States from
Corporation stocks to feed resident wildlife threatened with
starvation through the appropriation reimbursement for net
realized losses. There have been no requisitions in recent
years, however.

These activities are carried out under authority of section
5(g) of the Corporation’s charter act and specific statutory
authorizations or directives with respect thereto that are currently in effect or which may subsequently be enacted.
A summary of such current activities not included under
other designated activities is as follows:
1999 estimate [In millions of
dollars]
Item

Gross
obligations

(1) Financing sales of agricultural commodities for foreign currencies
or for dollars on credit terms ...................................................................
(2) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad (Title
II) ...............................................................................................................
(3) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad (Title
III) ..............................................................................................................
Total ..................................................................................................

Outlays
(reimbursable)

112

139

837

836

30

30

979

1,005

The Corporation receives appropriations or reimbursement
for the cost of these activities as described under each.
Activities currently being carried out are as follows (see
Foreign Assistance programs for details of items (1), (2) and
(3)).
(1) Financing the sale and exportation of agricultural commodities for foreign currencies or for dollars (title I, of P.L.
480).
(2) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad (title II, of P.L. 480).
(3) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad (title III, of P.L. 480).
(4) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad (Food for Progress Act of 1985).
FINANCING

Borrowing authority.—The Corporation has an authorized
capital stock of $100 million held by the U.S. Treasury and,
effective in 1988, authority to have outstanding borrowings
up to $30 billion at any one time.
Funds are borrowed from the Treasury and may also be
borrowed from private lending agencies and others. The Corporation reserves a sufficient amount of its borrowing authority to purchase at any time all notes and other obligations
evidencing loans made to the Corporation by such agencies
and others. All bonds, notes, debentures, and similar obligations issued by the Corporation are subject to approval by
the Secretary of the Treasury as required by the Act of March
8, 1938.
Interest on borrowings from the Treasury (and on capital
stock) is paid at a rate based upon the average interest rate
of all outstanding marketable obligations (of comparable maturity date) of the United States as of the preceding month.
Interest is also paid on other notes and obligations at a rate
prescribed by the Corporation and approved by the Secretary
of the Treasury.
The Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1966, made provision for terminating interest
after June 30, 1964 on the portion of the Corporation’s borrowings from the Treasury equal to the unreimbursed realized
losses recorded on the books of the Corporation after the
end of the fiscal year in which such losses are realized.
POSITION WITH RESPECT TO BORROWING AUTHORITY, END OF YEAR
[In millions of dollars]

Item

Statutory borrowing authority ......................................................
Deduct: Borrowings from Treasury ..............................................
Net statutory borrowing authority available ...............................

1997 actual

30,000
6,897
23,103

1998 est.

30,000
15,733
14,267

1999 est.

30,000
17,285
13,715

Note.—Accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and other outstanding obligations not reflected on this table do
not become charges against the statutory borrowing authority until they result in borrowings from the Treasury.

Contract authority.—Price support and other programs required by statute may result in the Corporation incurring

104

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
1703

Public enterprise funds—Continued

–1,322

–1,322

–1,322

–1,322

4,252

4,207

3,928

3,661

4,252

4,207

3,928

3,661

54
485
81

555
377
90

555
399
94

555
351
112

8,799

16,168

22,275

21,763

8
..................
496
4,297
398

3
139
6,897
4,251
398

8
111
14,297
2,821
398

8
134
14,640
2,821
398

48
19
2,508

56
19
3,285

56
19
3,285

56
19
2,407

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3200 Invested capital .......................................

7,774

15,048

20,995

20,483

925
100

1,020
100

1,180
100

1,180
100

Total net position ................................

1,025

1,120

1,280

1,280

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

8,799

16,168

22,275

21,763

1704

FINANCING—Continued

obligations in excess of available funds and borrowing authority. Such obligations are liquidated from subsequent appropriations and other funds that may become available to the
Corporation. Any increase in obligations in excess of available
fund resources is reported as contract authority in the year
involved; a decrease is reported as the application of appropriations and other funds to liquidate the authority.
Appropriations.—Under section 2 of Public Law 87–155 annual appropriations are authorized for each fiscal year to
reimburse the Corporation for net realized losses incurred
as of the close of each year.
The special activities are financed as indicated in the program descriptions above. In addition to certain reimbursements from other agencies, appropriations are made for foreign assistance programs.
Deficit.—The net realized losses of the Corporation have
previously been reimbursed as follows:
SUPPORT AND RELATED PROGRAMS
1997 actual

[In millions of dollars]

Realized losses, 1933 to 1997, inclusive ...................................................... ......................
253,360
Reimbursements by the Treasury:
Reimbursements of realized losses:
Appropriations (58 times) ................................................................
240,979 ....................
Note cancellations (6 times) ............................................................
2,698 ....................
Less dividends paid to Treasury (4 times) ......................................
¥138 ....................
Total reimbursements for net realized losses .............................
Other reimbursements:
Appropriations (2 times) ...........................................................................
Note cancellation (1 time) ........................................................................

542 ....................
56 ....................

Total other reimbursements ..................................................................

598 ....................

1799

1801
1802
1803

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2104
Resources payable to Treasury ...........
2105
Other ...................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2204
Liabilities for loan guarantees ...........
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

Note.—In addition to obligations other than liabilities, the Corporation does not reflect in its accounts claims
by the Corporation on which adequate proof has not been established.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–999

Total ...................................................................................................... ......................

244,137

Realized deficit as of September 30, 1997, support and related programs ......................

9,223

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
1996 actual

1997 actual

Value of assets related to loan
guarantees .................................
Other Federal assets:
Cash and other monetary assets .......
Inventories and related properties .....
Property, plant and equipment, net

1999

243,539 ....................

Identification code 12–4336–0–3–999

Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
Defaulted guaranteed loans and interest receivable, net .....................

3999

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND—Continued

22.0
25.2
25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0
43.0
99.0

1998 est.

1999 est.

26.0

Direct obligations:
Transportation of things ...........................................
Other services:
Other services .......................................................
Other services: Storage and handling ..................
Supplies and materials: Costs of commodities sold
or donated-PL 480 ................................................
ADP equipment ..........................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
Interest and dividends ..............................................
Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations:
Supplies and materials: Cost of commodities sold
or donated—PL 480 .............................................
Investments and loans ..............................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

284

398

381

141
30

141
29

113
29

630
6
8,597
252

661
49
8,536
140

606
29
8,586
244

9,940

9,954

9,988

521
5,333

526
6,408

526
7,451

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

1,083
–8,783

1,322
–9,828

1,213
–9,751

1,166
–10,129

33.0

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–7,700

–8,506

–8,538

–8,963

99.0

Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ......................

5,854

6,934

7,977

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

15,794

16,888

17,965

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–999

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1107
Advances and prepayments ...........
Non-Federal assets:
1206
Receivables, net ..................................
1207
Advances and prepayments ................
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1602
Interest receivable ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
1604
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................
1699
1701
1702

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................
Defaulted guaranteed loans, gross ....
Interest receivable ..............................

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND
–1,469

–693

–693

2,405
54

9,404
14

15,857
14

15,769
14

1,169
14

333
5

333
5

333
5

1,643
193

1,769
185

1,676
185

1,549
185

–82

–78

–78

–78

1,754

1,876

1,783

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

–693

1,656

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–4–3–999

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1,783
5,223
27

1,656
4,963
20

100
–110
–230

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

–240

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

–240
240

67.10
1,876
5,502
27

Obligations by program activity:
Environmental quality incentives program—EQIP ........ ................... ...................
Cotton user marketing step–2 payments ...................... ................... ...................
Export enhancement program ........................................ ................... ...................

10.00

1,754
5,552
22

00.01
00.02
00.03

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow ........................................................ ................... ...................

–240

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

–240

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
73.20
74.40

86.97

Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ................... ...................

327

Reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy ......................
Interest on reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy
Administrative expenses ................................................
Total obligations ........................................................

636

412

257

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

620
281

268
204

61
248

21.40
–240
–327

This schedule reflects proposed savings in commodity programs. These savings offset the Administration’s proposal to
provide mandatory funding for a portion of the crop insurance
program delivery expenses, an expansion of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), and other initiatives of the Administration.
The Administration will proposed legislation to increase
CCC funding for EQIP by $100 million in 1999 and by a
total of $350 million for the period 1999 to 2003.
The proposal for upland cotton user marketing certificates,
also known as step-2 payments, would reduce outlays by an
estimated $110 million in 1999 and $48 million in 2000 by
capping payments to $140 million in 1999 and to no more
than $333 million during the period 1999 through 2002. Existing law caps step-2 payments to $701 million during fiscal
years 1996 through 2002.
In addition, a reduced flexible, multi-year program level
authorization is proposed for the Export Enhancement Program (EEP) for 1999 and subsequent years. Under this proposal, a total funding level of just under $1.2 billion will
be available for EEP during the 1999 to 2003 period. The
proposal will provide administrative discretion to the Department to determine the annual level of funding for EEP (subject to the $320 million limitation in 1999), and any funding
that is not used in one year will remain available for use
in a subsequent year. However, annual program levels will
continue to be subject to the export subsidy reduction commitments established in conjunction with the Uruguay Round
Agreement on Agriculture. This proposal will generate estimated savings of $230 million in 1999 and a total of $1.4
billion during 1999 to 2003.

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

4 ................... ...................
905
–636

472
–412

309
–257

268

61

52

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
4
4
4
Permanent:
60.05
Appropriation (indefinite) .......................................... ...................
200
244
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
277 ................... ...................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

281

204

248

72.40

86.90
86.97
86.98
87.00

117
156
178
636
412
257
–593
–389
–317
–4 ................... ...................
156

178

118

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
4
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................
589

4
81
304

4
202
111

389

317

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Downward Reestimate ................................................................

89.00
90.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1998 est.

263 ................... ...................
80 ................... ...................
4
4
4

–327

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

1997 actual

00.07
00.08
00.09
10.00

87

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

Identification code 12–4336–4–3–999

105

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

593

–277 ................... ...................

4
316

204
389

248
317

1999 est.

25.2
41.0

Other services ................................................................ ................... ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................ ................... ...................

13
–253

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

–240

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1336–0–1–351

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Loan guarantee levels ...................................................

3,500

5,000

4,615

2159

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION EXPORT LOANS PROGRAM
ACCOUNT

3,500

5,000

4,615

Total loan guarantee levels ......................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
2320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For administrative expenses to carry out the Commodity Credit
Corporation’s export guarantee program, GSM 102 and GSM 103,
ø$3,820,000¿ $4,085,000; to cover common overhead expenses as permitted by section 11 of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter
Act and in conformity with the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
of which not to exceed ø$3,231,000¿ $3,413,000 may be transferred
to and merged with the appropriation for the salaries and expenses
of the Foreign Agricultural Service, and of which not to exceed
ø$589,000¿ $672,000 may be transferred to and merged with the
appropriation for the salaries and expenses of the Farm Service Agency. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration,
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

8.52

8.16

5.48

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................

8.52

8.16

5.48

298

408

253

2339

2329

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................

298

408

253

365

385

313

2349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

365

385

313

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority—administrative expenses .................
Outlays—adminsitrative expenses ................................

4
4

4
4

4
4

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1336–0–1–351

00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Guaranteed Loan Subsidy ..............................................

1997 actual

289

1998 est.

408

1999 est.

253

This is the program account for the GSM–102 and GSM–
103 CCC Export Credit Guarantee Programs. The Export
Credit Guarantee Program (GSM–102) covers credit terms
of up to 3 years. The Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee

106

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

Public enterprise funds—Continued

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION EXPORT GUARANTEE FINANCING
ACCOUNT

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION EXPORT LOANS PROGRAM
ACCOUNT—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

Identification code 12–4337–0–3–351

Program (GSM–103) covers longer credit terms of between
3 and 10 years. Under these programs, CCC does not provide
financing, but guarantees payments due from foreign banks
and buyers. Because payment is guaranteed, financial institutions in the United States can offer competitive credit terms
to foreign banks, usually with interest rates based on the
London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (LIBOR). If the foreign bank
fails to make any payment as agreed, the exporter or assignee
must submit a notice of default to the CCC. A claim for
loss must be filed, and the CCC will promptly pay claims
found to be in good order. CCC usually guarantees 98 percent
of the principal payment due and interest based on a percentage of the one-year Treasury rate.
A portion of the guarantees made available under the
GSM–102 program is provided as Supplier Credit Guarantees.
Under this activity, CCC guarantees a portion of payment
due from importers under short-term financing (for up to
180 days) that exporters have extended directly to the importers for the purchase of U.S. agricultural commodities and
products. CCC does not provide financing, but guarantees
payment due from an importer. A substantially smaller portion of the value of exports (currently 60 percent) is guaranteed under Supplier Credit Guarantees than under regular
GSM–102 guarantees where CCC is guaranteeing foreign
bank obligations.
A portion of the GSM–102 guarantees is also made available as Facilities Guarantees. Under this activity, CCC guarantees export financing for capital goods and services to improve handling, marketing, processing, storage, or distribution
of imported agricultural commodities and products.
The subsidy estimates for the GSM–102 and GSM–103 programs are determined in large part by the obligor’s sovereign
or non-sovereign country risk grade. These grades are developed annually by the International Credit Risk Assessment
System Committee (ICRAS). In unusual circumstances, an
ICRAS grade for a country may change during the fiscal
year. The default estimates for GSM guarantees are determined in large part by the risk premia assigned for each
risk grade.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the credit guarantees committed in 1992 and beyond (including modifications of credit guarantees that resulted from obligations or commitments in any year), as well
as administrative expenses of this program. The subsidy
amounts are estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis. The 1999
budget displays the GSM loan guarantee volume and the
subsidy level that can be justified by forecast economic conditions, the expected supply/demand conditions of countries requesting GSM loan guarantees.

Identification code 12–1336–0–1–351

25.3

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

41.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

4
632

4
408

4
253

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

636

412

257

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01
00.02
00.07
00.08

Obligations by program activity:
Default claims ...............................................................
Interest on debt to Treasury ..........................................
Technical reestimate of subsidy ....................................
Technical reestimate—interest .....................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

350

401

404

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

689
733

1,010
427

1,036
404

11
339
342
62
62
62
238 ................... ...................
39 ................... ...................

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

1,437
–401

1,440
–404

1,010

1,036

1,036

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
733
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction ............................. ...................

525
–98

458
–54

68.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

–62 ................... ...................
1,360
–350

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

733

427

404

70.00

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

733

427

404

73.10
73.20
73.45
87.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

350
401
404
–412
–401
–404
62 ................... ...................
412
401
404

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Payments from program account .........................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Loan origination fee .........................................
88.40
Principal collections .........................................
88.40
Interest collections ...........................................

–589
–26

–385
–11

–313
–13

–14
–1
–103

–31
–3
–95

–29
–8
–95

88.90

–733

–525

–458

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ...................
Financing disbursements ...............................................
–321

–98
–124

–54
–54

89.00
90.00

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4337–0–3–351

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders .............................................................................. ................... ................... ...................
2131 Guaranteed loan commitments exempt from limitation
3,500
5,000
4,615
2150

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

1997 actual

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................

3,500

5,000

4,615

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
5,323
4,548
5,987
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
2,411
5,000
4,615
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
–3,175
–3,222
–3,924
Adjustments:
2261
Terminations for default that result in loans receivable .......................................................................
–11
–339
–342
2264
Other adjustments, net ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
2210
2231
2251

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

4,548

5,987

6,336

FARM SERVICE AGENCY

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

86.97
5,867

1,294
1,299
1,635
11
339
342
–1
–3
–8
–5 ................... ...................

2390

1,299

1,635

6 ...................

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

21

6 ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources ..................................................... ...................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayments of principal ..................................
–89
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................
–271

–8 ...................
–285
–350

–260
–245

–643

–505

6,209

Addendum:
Cumulative balance of defaulted guaranteed loans
that result in loans receivable:
2310
Outstanding, start of year ........................................
2331
Disbursements for guaranteed loan claims .............
2351
Repayments of loans receivable ...............................
2364
Other adjustments, net .............................................
Outstanding, end of year ......................................

21

88.90

4,502

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

107

1,969

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from loan guarantees committed
in 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

89.00
90.00

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 acquired defaulted guaranteed loans receivable:
1501
Defaulted guaranteed loans receivable, gross ......................................
1599

Net present value of assets related
to defaulted guaranteed loans

1996 actual

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–339
–637
–505

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

689

1,010

1,035

1,035

77

74

..................

..................

Identification code 12–4338–0–3–351

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
2210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
2251 Repayments and prepayments ......................................
2261 Adjustments: Terminations for default that result in
loans receivable ........................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

91
–55

16 ...................
–10 ...................

–20

–6 ...................

2290

1,294

1,299

1,635

1,969

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

16 ................... ...................

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

16 ................... ...................

2,153

Addendum:
Cumulative balance of defaulted guaranteed loans
that result in loans receivable:
2310
Outstanding, start of year ........................................
5,067
2331
Disbursements for guaranteed loan claims .............
21
2351
Repayments of loans receivable ...............................
–89
2364
Other adjustments, net ............................................. ...................

4,999
4,693
6 ...................
–293
–260
–19 ...................

2390

4,693

1,294

1,299

1,635

1,969

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt ...........................
2204 Non-Federal liabilities: Liabilities for
loan guarantees ..................................

2,060

2,383

2,670

3,004

851

851

851

851

1,209

1,532

1,819

2999

1999

–360

Note.—Includes amounts for activities previously funded in the Commodity Credit Corporation Fund.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4337–0–3–351

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

2,060

2,383

2,670

3,004

..................

..................

..................

..................

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

..................

..................

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

2,060

2,383

2,670

3,004

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION GUARANTEED LOANS LIQUIDATING
ACCOUNT

1997 actual

4,999

4,433

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, all cash flows to and
from the Government resulting from loan guarantees committed prior to 1992. This account is shown on a cash basis.
All new activity in this program in 1992 and beyond is recorded in corresponding program and financing accounts.

FARM SERVICE AGENCY

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4338–0–3–351

Outstanding, end of year ......................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

Credit accounts:
AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Obligations by program activity:
01.01 Capital investment: Direct loans: Guarantee claims
10.00

21

6 ...................

Total obligations (object class 33.0) ........................

21

6 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.40 Capital transfer to general fund ...................................

64
360
–318

85 ...................
643
505
–722
–505

106
–21

6 ...................
–6 ...................

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

68.00

73.10
73.20

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

85 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

360

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

21
–21

643

505

6 ...................
–6 ...................

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For gross obligations for the principal amount of direct and guaranteed loans as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1928–1929, to be available
from funds in the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund, as follows:
farm ownership loans, ø$460,000,000¿ $510,031,000 of which
ø$400,000,000¿ $425,031,000 shall be for guaranteed loans; operating
loans, ø$2,395,000,000¿ $2,400,000,000 of which $1,700,000,000 shall
be for unsubsidized guaranteed loans and $200,000,000 shall be for
subsidized guaranteed loans; Indian tribe land acquisition loans as
authorized by 25 U.S.C. 488, ø$1,000,000¿ $1,003,000; for emergency
insured loans, $25,000,000 to meet the needs resulting from natural
disasters; for boll weevil eradication program loans as authorized
by 7 U.S.C. 1989, ø$34,653,000¿ $30,000,000; and for credit sales
of acquired property, $25,000,000.
For the cost of direct and guaranteed loans, including the cost
of modifying loans as defined in section 502 of the Congressional
Budget Act of 1974, as follows: farm ownership loans, ø$21,380,000¿
$19,483,000 of which ø$15,440,000¿ $6,758,000 shall be for guaranteed loans; operating loans, ø$71,394,000¿ $71,350,000 of which
ø$19,890,000¿ $19,720,000 shall be for unsubsidized guaranteed loans
and ø$19,280,000¿ $17,480,000 shall be for subsidized guaranteed

108

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
22.30

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT—
Continued
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

loans; Indian tribe land acquisition loans as authorized by 25 U.S.C.
488, ø$132,000¿ $153,000; for emergency insured loans, ø$6,008,000¿
$5,900,000 to meet the needs resulting from natural disasters; for
boll weevil eradication program loans as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1989,
ø$250,000¿ $432,000; and for credit sales of acquired property,
ø$3,255,000¿ $3,260,000.
In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out
the direct and guaranteed loan programs, ø$219,861,000¿
$237,673,000 of which ø$209,861,000¿ $227,673,000 shall be transferred to and merged with the ‘‘Farm Service Agency, Salaries and
Expenses’’ account.
DAIRY INDEMNITY PROGRAM
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses involved in making indemnity payments
to dairy farmers for milk or cows producing such milk and manufacturers of dairy products who have been directed to remove their
milk or dairy products from commercial markets because it contained
residues of chemicals registered and approved for use by the Federal
Government, and in making indemnity payments for milk, or cows
producing such milk, at a fair market value to any dairy farmer
who is directed to remove his milk from commercial markets because
of: (1) the presence of products of nuclear radiation or fallout if
such contamination is not due to the fault of the farmer; or (2)
residues of chemicals or toxic substances not included under the
first sentence of the Act of August 13, 1968 (7 U.S.C. 450j), if such
chemicals or toxic substances were not used in a manner contrary
to applicable regulations or labeling instructions provided at the time
of use and the contamination is not due to the fault of the farmer,
ø$550,000¿ $450,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C.
2209b): Provided, That none of the funds contained in this Act shall
be used to make indemnity payments to any farmer whose milk
was removed from commercial markets as a result of his willful
failure to follow procedures prescribed by the Federal Government:
Provided further, That this amount shall be transferred to the Commodity Credit Corporation: Provided further, That the Secretary is
authorized to utilize the services, facilities, and authorities of the
Commodity Credit Corporation for the purpose of making dairy indemnity disbursements. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
60.05
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

–16 ................... ...................
554
–541

348
–335

352
–339

13

13

13

396

335

339

143 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................
541

335

339

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

20
23
22
541
335
339
–531
–336
–342
–7 ................... ...................
23

22

19

370
318
325
16
18
17
145 ................... ...................
531

336

342

–2 ................... ...................

539
531

335
336

339
342

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1997 actual

1998 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Farm ownership .............................................................
84
1150 Farm operating ..............................................................
516
1150 Emergency disaster ........................................................
145
1150 Indian tribe land acquisition ......................................... ...................
1150 Credit sales of acquired property ..................................
14
1150 Boll weevil eradication ..................................................
40

46
490
63
1
25
21

85
500
25
1
25
30

1159

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95
24.40

Credit accounts—Continued

1999 est.

225 ................... ...................

04.00
07.99

366
366

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

141

366

366
366

366

366
366

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Farm ownership .............................................................
1320 Farm operating ..............................................................
1320 Emergency disaster ........................................................
1320 Indian tribe land acquisition .........................................
1320 Credit sales of acquired property ..................................
1320 Boll weevil eradication ..................................................

799

646

666

21.03
12.59
30.41
24.12
18.06
1.24

13.04
6.57
24.03
13.18
13.02
1.18

14.97
6.83
23.60
15.25
13.04
1.44

1329

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.02 Agriculture credit insurance fund direct loans, downward reestimates of subsidies ..................................

16.24

8.82

8.50

18
65
44
3

6
32
15
3

13
34
6
3

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Farm ownership .............................................................
1330 Farm operating ..............................................................
1330 Emergency disaster ........................................................
1330 Credit sales of acquired property ..................................

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy ...............................................
Reestimates of direct loan subsidy ...............................
Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy .............
Reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy ......................
Interest on reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy
Administrative expenses:
00.09
Administrative expenses—salaries and expenses ...
00.10
Administrative expenses—non-recoverable costs ....

130
48
73
20
39
11

57
58
...................
...................
...................
...................

57
44
...................
...................
...................
...................

1339

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Farm ownership .............................................................
1340 Farm operating ..............................................................
1340 Emergency disaster ........................................................
1340 Credit sales of acquired property ..................................

130

56

56

19
68
48
3

7
34
15
3

12
34
6
3

209
11

210
10

228
10

1349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

138

59

55

10.00

541

335

339

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Farm ownership, unsubsidized ......................................
2150 Farm operating, unsubsidized .......................................
2150 Farm operating, subsidized ...........................................

530
829
216

400
1,700
231

425
1,700
200

1,575

2,331

2,325

00.01
00.02
00.05
00.06
00.07
00.08

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

29
541

13
335

13
339

2159

Total loan guarantee levels ......................................

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

2320
2320
2320

Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
Farm ownership, unsubsidized ......................................
Farm operating, unsubsidized .......................................
Farm operating, subsidized ...........................................

2329

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Farmer ownership, unsubsidized ...................................
2330 Farm operating, unsubsidized .......................................
2330 Farm operating, subsidized ...........................................
2339

10.00
3.69
1.10
9.08

3.86
1.17
9.64

1.59
1.16
8.74

3.07

2.47

1.89

20
9
20

15
20
19

7
20
17

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Farmer ownership, unsubsidized ...................................
2340 Farm operating, unsubsidized .......................................
2340 Farm operating, subsidized ...........................................

49

54
16
18
22

10
20
18

2349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

38

56

48

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

219
219

220
220

238
238

Total obligations ........................................................

1,101

838

875

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................

288
952

139
819

120
855

1,240
–1,101

958
–838

975
–875

139

120

100

770

632

634

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

44

13
8
17

The Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund Program Account’s
loans are authorized by title III of the Consolidated Farm
and Rural Development Act, as amended.
This program account includes subsidies to provide direct
and guaranteed loans for farm ownership, farm operating,
and emergency loans to individuals. Indian tribes and tribal
corporations are eligible for Indian land acquisition loans.
Additional funding for disaster loans was provided through
a fiscal year 1997 supplemental appropriation for emergency
disaster, direct operating, and guaranteed subsidized operating loans (P.L. 105–18) with that funding to be available
until expended.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees
committed in 1992 and beyond (including credit sales of acquired property), as well as administrative expenses of this
program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present
value basis; the administrative expenses are estimated on
a cash basis.
Under the Dairy Indemnity Program (DIP), payments are
made to farmers and manufactuers of dairy products who
are directed to remove their milk or milk products from commercial markets because they contain residues of chemicals
that have been registered and approved by the Federal Government, other chemicals, nuclear radiation, or nuclear fallout. Indemnification may also be paid for cows producing
such milk.
In 1998, an estimated $585 thousand will be paid to producers and manufacturers who file claims under the program.
The 1999 budget requests $450 thousand for this program.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

25.3

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

41.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

221
320

220
115

220
119

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

541

335

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
67.15

68.90

818
18
–654

590
621
–3 ...................
–400
–400

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

182

187

221

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

952

819

855

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.40
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
68
72.95
Receivables from program account .......................... ...................

86
18

252
15

70.00

72.99
73.10
73.20

68
1,101
–1,065

104
838
–675

267
875
–675

74.40
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
Receivables from program account ..........................

86
18

252
15

452
15

74.99
87.00

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

104
1,065

267
675

467
675

–217
–68

–57
–67

–57
–66

–451
–82

–396
–70

–423
–75

–590
–621
3 ...................

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources: Payments from program account .................................................................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayments of principal ..................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .........................................
88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

–818
–18

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

116
247

232
85

234
54

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4212–0–3–351

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................
799
646
666
1112 Unobligated direct loan limitation ................................ ................... ................... ...................

339

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT

109

1150

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

799

646

666

1210
1231
1251
1263

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
Write-offs for default: Direct loans ...............................

2,026
785
–533
–20

2,258
649
–466
–22

2,419
665
–498
–22

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

2,258

2,419

2,564

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4212–0–3–351

00.01
00.02
00.04
00.08

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans ....................................................................
Advances on behalf of borrowers ..................................
Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................
Subsidy reestimate paid to receipt account .................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

799
646
666
7
4
4
171
188
205
124 ................... ...................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond (including credit sales of acquired property that
resulted from obligations in any year). The amounts in this
account are a means of financing and are not included in
the budget totals.

110

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

Credit accounts—Continued
AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT—Continued

This account finances direct loans for farm ownership, farm
operating, emergency disaster, and credit sales of acquired
property.

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Payments from program account .........................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
88.40
Fees and premiums ..............................................

ASSETS:
Investments in US securities:
1106
Federal assets: Receivables, net ........
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1402
Interest receivable ..............................
1403
Accounts receivable from foreclosed
property ...........................................
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

356

225

180

2,258
13

2,419
13

2,564
13

16
–551

32
–628

30
..................

30
..................

–44
–15
–19

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–128

–88

–78

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

52
58

35
5

33
14

180

2,026
20

–55
–14
–19

88.90

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4212–0–3–351

–98
–17
–13

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–4213–0–3–351

1998 est.

1999 est.

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1,511

1,675

2,462

1,867

1,900

2,642

2,787

1,850
17

1,885
15

2,627
15

2,772
15

2999

2,331

2,325

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................

1,575

2,331

2,325

2210
2231
2251
2263

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments: Terminations for default that result in
claim payments .........................................................

5,705
1,549
–1,151

6,039
2,254
–1,208

7,085
2,279
–1,417

2,607

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt ...........................
2207 Non-Federal liabilities: Other ..................

1,575

2150
1499

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders ..............................................................................

1999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

1,867

1,900

2,642

2,787

..................

..................

..................

..................

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

..................

..................

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

1,867

1,900

2,642

2,787

–64 ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

1998 est.

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

6,039

7,085

7,947

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

5,416

6,354

7,127

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from loan guarantees committed
in 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals.
This account finances commitments made for farm ownership and operating guaranteed loan programs.

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND GUARANTEED LOAN
FINANCING ACCOUNT

Identification code 12–4213–0–3–351

2290

1999 est.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Default claims ...............................................................
00.02 Interest assistance on guaranteed loans ......................
00.04 Interest Payments to Treasury .......................................
00.05 Capital investments .......................................................
00.07 Negative subsidy transferred to receipt account ..........

55
60
61
37
60
60
4
5
2
8
8
8
101 ................... ...................

10.00

205

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
22.60 Redemption of debt .......................................................

133

131

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

1997 actual

242

211

210

200

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2203
Debt .....................................................
2204
Liabilities for loan guarantees ...........

242

211

210

200

144
15
83

163
42
6

146
26
38

150
1
49

2999

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
1999

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

1996 actual

Identification code 12–4213–0–3–351

98
180
–25

48
123
–26

12
111
–25

253
–205

145
–133

98
–131

48

12

–33

1998 est.

1999 est.

52

35

33

128

88

180

123

111

211

210

200

..................

..................

..................

..................

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

..................

..................

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

242

211

210

200

78

70.00

242

3999
New financing authority (gross), detail:
67.15 Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
68.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..............................................

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
87.00 Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

72.40

144
205
–186

163
133
–93

203
131
–92

163
186

203
93

242
92

Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

Obligations by program activity:
Capital investment:
00.04
Purchase of guaranteed loans from investors .........
00.08
Loan recoverable costs ..............................................

1997 actual

1
16

1998 est.

1
15

1999 est.

1
15

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
00.91
01.07
01.08
01.09
01.10
01.13
01.17

Total capital investment .......................................
17
Operating expenses:
Loss settlement expenses on guaranteed loans .......
12
Admininstrative expenses—Department of Justice
fees .......................................................................
1
Costs incident to acquisition of property ................. ...................
Undistributed charges ...............................................
1
Interest assistance—guaranteed loans ...................
1
Unclassified costs .....................................................
2

16

16

1261

11

10

1
1
1 ...................
1
1
1
1
2
2

01.91

Total operating expenses ......................................

17

17

Total obligations ........................................................

34

33

31

56

55

54

1263
1264

Adjustments: Capitalized interest .................................
Write-offs for default:
Direct loans ...............................................................
Other adjustments, net1 ...........................................

–370
–41

–300
–33

–300
–30

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

7,709

6,725

5,744

1 Amounts shown are based on payment of delinquent installments, advances on behalf of borrowers, acquired
property and chattels, loans in kind, and judgments.

15

10.00

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.40 Capital transfer to general fund ...................................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

347 ...................
29
120

87
32

3 ................... ...................
–345 ................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
34
New obligations .............................................................
–34
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................

120
–33

119
–31

87

111

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

1998 est.

1999 est.

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1,173
992
830
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
1
1
1
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
–168
–150
–150
Adjustments:
2263
Terminations for default that result in claim payments ....................................................................
–14
–13
–12
2264
Other adjustments, net ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
2210
2231
2251

87

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.27
Capital transfer to general fund ..............................
68.90
70.00

1,251
–1,131

1,201
–1,169

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................ ...................

120

32

120

32

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

29

72.40

86.97
86.98
87.00

99
87 ...................
34
33
31
–43
–120
–32
–3 ................... ...................
87 ................... ...................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
120
32
Outlays from permanent balances ................................
43 ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

992

830

669

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

893

747

602

29 ................... ...................
1,289
–1,289

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

2299
67.15

2290

43

120

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records for the farm loan programs all cash flows
to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated, loan guarantees committed, and grants made prior to
1992. New loan activity in 1992 and beyond (including credit
sales of acquired property that resulted from obligations or
commitments in any year) is recorded in corresponding program and financing accounts.
Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

561
532

451
1,020

423
1,020

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–1,267

1,093

1,471

1,443

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

32

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–1,289

–1,251

–1,201

1901

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

–1,260
–1,246

–1,131
–1,131

–1,169
–1,169

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Purchase of loans assets from the
public .........................................................................
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................

1699

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................
Other Federal assets: Other assets ........

1999

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

1210
1232

1999 est.

437
–1,704

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1602
Interest receivable ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
1604
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................
1606
Foreclosed property .............................

1998 est.

1998 est.

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

1997 actual

1997 actual

0101
0102

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Rent on acquired property ...............................
–5
–5
–5
88.40
Guaranteed lns purchased from holders—
principal .......................................................
–1
–1
–1
88.40
Interest on loans ..............................................
–456
–450
–400
88.40
Guaranteed loss recoveries ..............................
–1 ................... ...................
88.40
Loan repayments recd on behalf of investors
–1
–1
–1
88.40
Interest on judgments ......................................
–1
–1
–1
88.40
Repayments on loans—principal ....................
–723
–700
–700
88.40
Judgments—principal ......................................
–11
–9
–9
88.40
Shared appreciation recapture .........................
–6
–5
–5
88.40
Sale of acquired property/chattels ...................
–93
–75
–75
88.40
Miscellaneous income ...................................... ...................
–1
–1
88.40
Undistributed receipts ......................................
9
–3
–3

Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

1996 actual

1999 est.

8,783

7,709

6,725

1
–720

1
–707

1
–706

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2104
Resources payable to Treasury ...........
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2202
Interest payable ..................................
2203
Debt .....................................................
2204
Liabilities for loan guarantees ...........
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

Total liabilities ....................................

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

446
..................

59
..................

50
..................

50
..................

8,783
414

7,709
425

6,725
450

5,744
538

–2,474

–1,537

–1,500

–1,000

6,723
267

6,597
187

5,675
179

5,282
174

6,990
..................

6,784
..................

5,854
..................

5,456
..................

7,436

6,843

5,904

5,506

..................
..................
7,084

..................
..................
5,654

..................
..................
5,500

..................
..................
5,000

89
..................
2
207
54

78
..................
2
172
46

75
..................
2
200
45

70
..................
2
200
45

7,436

5,952

5,822

5,317

112

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

Credit accounts—Continued

øWATERSHED SURVEYS

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT—
Continued
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

3300

NET POSITION:
Cumulative results of operations ............

..................

891

82

189

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

891

82

189

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

7,436

6,843

5,904

5,506

AND

PLANNING¿

øFor necessary expenses to conduct research, investigation, and
surveys of watersheds of rivers and other waterways, and for small
watershed investigations and planning, in accordance with the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act approved August 4, 1954
(16 U.S.C. 1001–1009), $11,190,000: Provided, That this appropriation
shall be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence
of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and
not to exceed $110,000 shall be available for employment under 5
U.S.C. 3109.¿ (7 U.S.C. 2201–02; 16 U.S.C. 1101–5; 33 U.S.C. 7016–
11; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration,
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1000–0–1–300
1998 est.

1999 est.

25.2
33.0
43.0

Other services ................................................................
Investments and loans ..................................................
Interest and dividends ...................................................

4
29
1

5
27
1

4
26
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

34

33

31

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION
SERVICE
CONSERVATION OPERATIONS
For necessary expenses for carrying out the programs administered
by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, including the provisions of the Act of April 27, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 590a–f) including preparation of conservation plans and establishment of measures to conserve soil and water (including farm irrigation and land drainage
and such special measures for soil and water management as may
be necessary to prevent floods and the siltation of reservoirs and
to control agricultural related pollutants); administration of research,
investigation, and surveys of watersheds of rivers and other waterways, for small watershed investigations and planning, and for technical assistance to carry out preventive measures, in accordance with
the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1001–
1009) and the Flood Control Act (33 U.S.C. 701); operation of conservation plant materials centers; classification and mapping of soil;
dissemination of information; acquisition of lands, water, and interests therein for use in the plant materials program by donation,
exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100 pursuant
to the Act of August 3, 1956 (7 U.S.C. 428a); purchase and erection
or alteration or improvement of permanent and temporary buildings;
and operation and maintenance of aircraft, ø$633,231,000¿
$742,231,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b),
of which not less than ø$5,835,000¿ $5,990,000 is for snow survey
and water forecasting and not less than ø$8,825,000¿ ø$7,000,000¿
$7,825,000 is for operation and establishment of the plant materials
centers: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be
available pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 2250 for construction and improvement
of buildings and public improvements at plant materials centers,
except that the cost of alterations and improvements to other buildings and other public improvements shall not exceed $250,000: Provided further, That when buildings or other structures are erected
on non-Federal land, that the right to use such land is obtained
as provided in 7 U.S.C. 2250a: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available for technical assistance and related expenses
to carry out programs authorized by section 202(c) of title II of the
Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act of 1974 (43 U.S.C. 1592(c)):
Provided further, That no part of this appropriation may be expended
for soil and water conservation operations under the Act of April
27, 1935 ø(16 U.S.C. 590a–f)¿ in demonstration projects: Provided
further, That this appropriation shall be available for employment
pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic
Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225) and not to exceed $25,000 shall be
available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided further, That
qualified local engineers may be temporarily employed at per diem
rates to perform the technical planning work of the Service (16 U.S.C.
590e–2)ø: Provided further, That the Secretary is authorized to transfer ownership of land, buildings and related improvements of the
plant materials facilities located at Bow, Washington, to the Skagit
Conservation District¿.

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Technical Assistance .................................................
00.02
Soil Surveys ...............................................................
00.03
Snow Survey and Water Forecasting .........................
00.04
Plant Materials Centers ............................................
00.05
Water Resource Assistance .......................................

525
75
5
8
12

548
78
6
10
11

579
78
6
8
71

00.91
09.00

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

625
107

653
123

742
120

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

732

776

862

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

3
740

9 ...................
766
862

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

743
–732

775
–776

862
–862

9 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
633
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ................................... ...................

644
742
–1 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

633

644

742

107

123

120

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

740

766

862

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

110
732
–744

98
776
–777

97
862
–849

98

97

110

68.00
70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

551
85
107

568
87
123

653
76
120

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

744

777

849

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–90
–17

–110
–13

–103
–17

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–107

–123

–120

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

633
637

643
654

742
729

Distribution of budget authority by account:
Conservation operations .........................................................
Watershed surveys and planning ...........................................

620
12

633
742
11 ...................

Distribution of outlays by account:
Conservation operations .........................................................

624 ................... ...................

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Watershed surveys and planning ...........................................

13 ................... ...................

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1997 est.

Decisionmakers receiving technical services ................
Onsite technical and informational assistance ............
Acres treated with conservation technical assistance

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
(in millions of dollars)

Enacted/requested:
1997 actual
1998 est.
1999 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
633
644
742
Outlays ....................................................................................
636
655
729
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

633
636

644
655

742
729

Funding within this account for partnership grants is proposed as part of the Environmental Resources Fund for America. This proposal highlights the Administration’s priority to
provide deficit neutral funding for investments in many of
our Nation’s key environmental programs. A discussion of
the Environmental Resources Fund for America and two other
funds for research and transportation can be found in Chapter
2 of the Budget.
Competitive Partnership Grants ($20 million) will be used
to enhance institutional capacity for locally-based institutions,
including watershed councils, cooperatives, etc. In particular,
funds would be directed for hiring non-federal watershed coordinators. These coordinators would: develop watershed partnerships, including all stakeholders in the area; resolve differences from among the different points of view and produce
and help implement strategic plans that restore impaired watersheds. Non-Federal local coordinators act as facilitators,
mediators, and grant application writers. Funds available are
sufficient for over 350 watersheds selected through an interagency review process; however local entities may receive a
preference in competing for funding where their States have
prepared memoranda of understanding (MOU) for coordinating with Federal government to ensure reduced overlap, and
greater efficiency and customer service, with the goal of onestop shopping for landowners. Up to 10 percent of available
funds may be used for developing MOUs among States and
Federal agencies. In addition, $3 million is available for environmental monitoring and research work.
Technical assistance.—Technical assistance is provided
through 2,955 conservation districts or special districts to
land users and decisionmakers, including individual landowners and operators, community groups, units of government, Indian tribes, and others for the planning of conservation programs and installation of needed conservation systems
on the land, including design, layout, installation, and consultation services.
Administrative Convergence.—The Department is coordinating the functions and personnel of the different field agencies
to provide a more seamless and efficient delivery system.
By 2002, the proposal would result in a 22 percent reduction
in administrative staffing from 1997. Savings by 2002 would
equal $127 million a year. Progress in 1999 would be indicated by the creation of a Support Services Bureau reflecting
a new entity made by consolidating the agencies administrative units, both at the National level and in each State.
An additional $20 million is provided to encourage additional contributions from the States. This bonus fund will
act as an incentive payment to reward those States that either increase the non-Federal contributions and/or that
achieve a minimum level of contributions toward conservation
efforts. The point is to elicit both greater contributions and
to harmonize the contributions from all. By leveraging these
incentive payments, conservation funds in total can be increased. $10 million of the total funds would be rewarded
to States to use for Geographic Information Systems and digital orthophotos purchases.

113

1998 est.

740,377
340,000
110,052,019

1999 est.

750,000
375,000
121,000,000

750,000
400,000
131,000,000

Also included in this item are the inventory and monitoring,
resource appraisal, and program development activities. Resource inventories are conducted to provide soil, water, and
related resource data for evaluating land-use changes and
trends; and for guidance in the development and implementation of Federal, State, and local resource conservation programs. Resource appraisal and program development provides
for periodic reports to the public and Congress as required
by the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977
as amended. In addition, NRCS has responsibilities for easement administration and monitoring for all the Wetland Reserve Program acres enrolled in the program to date where
the landowner has opted for a conservation easement.
Technical assistance will be targeted beginning in 1998
through the use of area-wide watershed plans to achieve the
goals of the Government Performance and Results Act. $7
million is provided for additional watershed planning, and
river basin surveys and investigations to provide technical
support and leadership for the efforts of locally-led watershed
coalitions nation-wide. With useful watershed or basin level
plans, NRCS will be better equipped to direct its financial
and technical resources to the highest priority needs, and
community members can understand the alternatives available to repair a damaged watershed. With a watershed plan,
community members will be in a position to seek funding
to implement the plan from a range of sources, including
other Federal agencies, State entities and the private sector.
In addition, NRCS staff will continue to target their expertise,
emphasizing setting standards and providing certification,
rather than directly implementing most activities themselves
(in National Performance Review parlance, ‘‘steering’’, rather
than ‘‘rowing’’).
Soil surveys.—Soil surveys and investigations are made of
the Nation’s soil resources, with interpretations and publications that provide physical land facts needed for program
development, resource conservation planning, installation of
planned practices, and for use by other Federal, State, and
local agencies in making land-use decisions. National leadership is provided for digitizing soil surveys in cooperation with
States, and other users of soil survey data. Legislation requires that ‘‘a substantial portion of the survey costs for
NRCS are to be reimbursed by survey recipients.’’
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1997 actual

Acres mapped annually (millions) .................................
Soil surveys ready for publication (number) .................

23
64

1998 est.

1999 est.

23
75

23
75

Snow survey water forecasting.—Water supply forecasts prepared from snow surveys in western states are used in making efficient seasonal use of water for irrigation, flood control,
fish and wildlife, recreation, power generation, municipal and
industrial water supply, and water quality management.
Operation of plant materials centers.—The selection and
evaluation of plant materials are made at 26 plant materials
centers through field trials to determine their suitability for
erosion control, conservation, and other environmental improvements. Native plant species will be preferred and exotic
species introductions phased out for this program. Requested
funding for the Plant Materials Centers is reduced in 1999
reflecting both the fact that previous increases to upgrade
the infrastructure are no longer needed, and reflecting the
opportunities by the Centers to increase their revenues from
the collection of royalties from the commercial production of
cultivars developed by PMC.

114

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued

øWATERSHED SURVEYS

AND

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

PLANNING¿—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Water Resource Assistance.—The Department cooperates
with other agencies and the States in planning small watersheds to reduce the damage from floodwater, sediment, agricultural run-off, and erosion and for the conservation, development, utilization, and disposal of water. Program activities
will be accelerated for high priority natural resource concerns
such as: water quality and wetlands restoration. This account
will be used to develop plans to target agency resources to
achieve the goals of the Government Performance and Results
Act. Additional funding of $7 million has been proposed for
1999 to enhance the technical support for River Basin Surveys
and Watershed Planning.
Technical assistance of $52.4 million is proposed for watershed project design and implementation to assist States and
their political subdivisions and other localities to reduce damage from floodwater, sediment, and erosion, for the conservation, development, utilization, and disposal of water, and for
conservation and proper utilization of lands. This technical
assistance will be coupled with the financial assistance included in the Watershed and Flood Prevention operations account. Technical assistance was displayed directly in Watershed and Flood Prevention operations account in previous
years.
The Department makes surveys of proposed small watershed projects, and work plans are prepared in cooperation
with local sponsors. These plans outline the soil and water
management problems in the watershed, the steps that have
been or are authorized to be taken to alleviate these problems,
the proposed works of improvement to be installed, the estimated benefits and costs, cost sharing, operation and maintenance arrangements, and other information necessary to justify Federal participation in project development. Watershed
planning will emphasize water quality protection and improvement. This emphasis will better enable States to focus
on watersheds in fulfilling the requirements of the Clean
Water Act and in maintaining clean water. Program activities
will be accelerated for high priority natural resource concerns
such as: water quality and wetlands restoration. $1 million
is provided for educational assistance for notifying watershed
sponsors about the need to examine and possibly repair older
systems. However, as these systems are owned by local sponsors, inspections of the dams can be carried out by private
engineers or NRCS staff on a reimbursable basis.

11.1
11.3
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1998 est.

1999 est.

349
12
5

356
13
6

391
13
7

366
86
4
16
3
11

375
93
5
16
3
11

411
105
4
18
3
13

24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

20
5
80
15
19

21
5
90
15
19

22
5
124
16
21

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

625
107

653
123

742
120

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

732

776

862

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1000–0–1–300

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

8,535

8,611

9,051

1,599

1,577

1,681

CONSERVATION OPERATIONS
(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Upon enactment of authorization of a fee to cover the costs of providing technical assistance and products for natural resource conservation, such fees shall be collected and credited to this account as offsetting collections, to remain available until expended for the purpose
of providing similar technical assistance and products.
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1000–2–1–300

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

09.00

200

1998 est.

190

10

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

10

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

10
–10

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

10

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................

10
–10

86.97

1997 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Reimbursable Program: Technical assistance costshare .......................................................................... ................... ...................

10.00

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
Activity:
Applications for planning assistance on Small Watershed
Program—eligible projects; on hand, cumulative, start
of year ................................................................................
Status of planning:
Approved for planning during year ........................................
Locally implemented ...........................................................
Federally implemented .......................................................
Planning completed during year ............................................
Locally implemented ...........................................................
Federally implemented .......................................................
Planning in process ................................................................
Locally implemented ...........................................................
Federally implemented .......................................................
Status of projects in operations:
Active projects ....................................................................
Approved for operations during year .................................
USDA Cooperative Studies:
(1) Surveys in progress, start of year ....................................
(2) Surveys initiated during year ...........................................
(3) Surveys worked during year ..............................................
(4) Surveys completed during year ........................................
(5) Surveys in progress, end of year ......................................
Flood Plain Management Assist. Program:
(1) States involved .................................................................
(2) Completed studies ............................................................
(3) Ongoing studies ................................................................
(4) Cumulative total completed .............................................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1000–0–1–300

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

10

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ................... ...................

–10

1999 est.

180

15
(3)
(12)
11
(1)
(10)
88
(29)
(59)

15
(3)
(12)
8
(2)
(6)
80
(25)
(55)

15
(3)
(12)
6
(2)
(4)
75
(20)
(55)

522
10

513
8

513
6

125
4
129
13
116

120
2
122
10
112

115
2
117
10
107

26
6
54
599

26
10
44
609

26
10
34
619

68.00

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

For 1999, NRCS is proposing to collect $10 million in user
fees for certain types or areas of technical services and products. Examples of potential user fee activities include technical assistance services for conservation practice applications
which exceed an extended period of NRCS employee time,
sale of foundation seeds and plants, sale of soil survey and
snow survey data products, and for those technical services
available through the private sector for which there is little
‘‘public good’’ from government provision (e.g., engineering designs, soil map interpretations for commercial and urban uses,
and some irrigation management). The proposed user fee activities, including appropriate fee structure and application,
will be developed through the use of agency work groups.
Through proposed legislation, it is anticipated that the fees
collected will be deposited into the conservation operations
account and remain available until expended.

115

00.04

Small Watershed Operations (P.L. 566) ....................

87

100

49

00.91
09.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

225
20

290
30

49
24

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

245

320

73

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

85
350

189 ...................
131
73

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

435
–245

320
–320

73
–73

189 ................... ...................

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1000–2–1–300

99.0
99.9

1998 est.

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

330

101

49

20

30

24

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

350

131

73

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

181
245
–255

171
320
–366

125
73
–92

171

125

106

1999 est.

68.00

Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ....................................................................... ................... ...................

10

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

10

Personnel Summary
1998 est.

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

WATERSHED

AND

1999 est.

133

FLOOD PREVENTION OPERATIONS

For necessary expenses to carry out preventive measures, including
but not limited to research, engineering operations, methods of cultivation, the growing of vegetation, rehabilitation of existing works
and changes in use of land, in accordance with the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act approved August 4, 1954 (16 U.S.C.
1001–1005, 1007–1009), the provisions of the Act of April 27, 1935
(16 U.S.C. 590a–f), and in accordance with the provisions of laws
relating to the activities of the Department, ø$101,036,000¿
$49,000,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b)
ø(of which up to $15,000,000 may be available for the watersheds
authorized under the Flood Control Act approved June 22, 1936 (33
U.S.C. 701, 16 U.S.C. 1006a)): Provided, That not to exceed
$50,000,000 of this appropriation shall be available for technical assistance: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available
for employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a)
of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $200,000
shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109¿ Provided,
That funds for the cost of direct loans may be transferred to the
Rural Utilities Service for rural water and waste disposal projects,
and rural development projects as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1926, 1928,
and 1932 and approved under the Watershed and Flood Prevention
Act: Provided, That such costs, including the cost of modifying such
loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget
Act of 1974: Provided further, That these funds are available to subsidize gross obligations for the principal amount of direct loans not
to exceed $300,000,000: Provided further, That not to exceed
$1,000,000 of this appropriation is available to carry out the purposes
of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Public Law 93–205), including
cooperative efforts as contemplated by that Act to relocate endangered
or threatened species to other suitable habitats as may be necessary
to expedite project construction. (7 U.S.C. 2201–02; 33 U.S.C. 701b–
1, 701b–11; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1072–0–1–301

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Watershed Operations (P.L. 534) ..............................
00.03
Emergency Watershed Protection Operations ............

70.00

72.40

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1000–2–1–300

2001

101
101
49
229 ................... ...................

43.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.15
Appropriation (emergency) ........................................

1997 actual

16
122

1998 est.

1999 est.

9 ...................
181 ...................

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

112
123
20

59
277
30

15
53
24

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

255

366

92

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–4
–16

–6
–24

–6
–18

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–20

–30

–24

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

330
235

101
336

49
68

These programs provide for cooperation between the Federal Government and States and their political subdivisions
to reduce damage from floodwater, sediment, and erosion,
for the conservation, development, utilization, and disposal
of water, and for the conservation and proper utilization of
land. Funds in Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations
could be used for either flood prevention projects or flood
damage rehabilitation efforts, depending upon the needs and
opportunities. Technical assistance expenses for the program
($50 million) will be included as part of Conservation Operations beginning in 1999.
Watershed operations authorized by Public Law 534.—The
Department cooperates with soil conservation districts and
other local organizations in planning and installing works
of improvement for flood prevention in 11 watersheds authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1944. The Federal Government shares the cost of works of improvement for flood prevention, agricultural water management, recreation, and fish
and wildlife development. No funds are directly proposed for
this activity; however, worthwhile projects, those with high
net social benefits and environmental objectives consistent
with current Administrations priorities, can be continued
under the Small Watershed Operations authorized by Public
Law 566.

116

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued

WATERSHED

AND

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

FLOOD PREVENTION OPERATIONS—Continued

Within the 11 authorized projects, 395 subwatershed areas
have been identified for planning purposes. Installation
progress in these subwatersheds is as follows:
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Active subwatersheds ..................................................................
Projects continuing post-installation assistance ...................

96
224

96
224

96
224

Total operational subwatersheds ...................................
Unserviced applications ..........................................................
Planning in progress ..............................................................
Terminated in planning ...............................................................

320
23
24
7

320
23
24
7

320
23
24
7

Total subwatersheds ......................................................

395

395

395

Emergency watershed protection operations.—This program
authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to undertake such
emergency measures for runoff retardation and soil erosion
prevention as may be needed to safeguard life and property
from floods and the products of erosion on any watershed
whenever natural elements or forces cause a sudden impairment of that watershed. An emergency is considered to exist
when a watershed is suddenly impaired by flood, fire, wind,
earthquake, or other natural cause and consequently life and
property are endangered by floodwater, erosion, or sediment
discharge. The emergency area need not be declared a national disaster area to be eligible for emergency watershed
protection. Emergency watershed protection is applicable to
small scale, localized disasters as well as large scale disasters.
State environmental, natural resource, fish and game, and
other agencies participate in planning and coordinating emergency work.
Small watershed operations authorized by Public Law
566.—The Department provides technical and financial assistance to local organizations to install measures for watershed
protection, flood prevention, agricultural water management,
recreation, and fish and wildlife enhancement. Expenses for
technical assistance will be displayed as part of the Conservation Operations account beginning in 1999. Significant reforms were begun in 1997 to make this program environmentally beneficial, with high returns to society resulting
from the investment. High priority P.L. 534 projects will be
eligible to compete for funding for P.L. 566 funding.
Watershed work plans are prepared by sponsoring local
organizations with the Department’s assistance or through
State and local resources. After work plans are approved by
the Department or Congress (projects where the estimated
Federal contribution will exceed $5 million require congressional approval), financial assistance is provided for specific
works of improvements.
The following tabulation shows the status of Public Law
566 projects:
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
Status of operational projects:
Projects receiving land treatment ..........................................
Structural projects ..................................................................
Land treatment and structural ...............................................

1997 actual

182
281
59

190
275
48

198
272
43

Subtotal active projects .................................................
Projects continuing post-installation assistance ...................
Inactive projects .....................................................................
Completed projects .................................................................
Deauthorized projects .............................................................

522
898
14
27
153

513
903
14
28
153

513
908
14
29
153

Total operational projects ..............................................

1,614

1,622

1,628

New projects approved during year ........................................

10

8

6

1998 est.

opment benefits, direct federal loans may be a useful and
appropriate alternative. Approved Public Law 566 and 534
projects may immediately receive loans through Rural Development (particularly the water and waste loans) to complete
their projects. Public Law 566 financial assistance would be
transferred to the Rural Utilities Service and other rural development agencies to fund loans for new and existing Small
Watershed Projects. These loans are subsidized depending
upon the wealth of the community. In this fashion, the loans
differ from the previous loans offered through the Agricultural
Credit Insurance Fund. If $15 million were used as subsidy
costs for loans, USDA could offer an estimated $155 million
in loans to implement roughly 75 projects.
Loans through the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund have
been made in previous years to the local sponsors in order
to fund the local cost of Public Law 566 or 534 projects.
No funding for these loans is assumed in 1999.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1072–0–1–301

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.2
23.3

25.2
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0
41.0
99.0
99.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services:
Other services .......................................................
Other services .......................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

1998 est.

1999 est.

49
1
3

51 ...................
1 ...................
4 ...................

53
11
1
3
2

56
12
1
4
2

2

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

2 ...................

11
74
2
4
17
43

11
107
2
4
27
61

...................
23
...................
...................
...................
26

223
20

289
29

49
24

11.1
25.2

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Allocation Account:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Other services ............................................................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, allocation account .................................
2 ................... ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................
2 ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

245

320

73

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1072–0–1–301

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001

1,198

916 ...................

16

43 ...................

1999 est.

Loan Services. In 1999, local sponsors will have an alternative funding source to finance their projects. For projects
that produce rural water supply or primarily offer rural devel-

RESOURCE CONSERVATION

AND

DEVELOPMENT

For necessary expenses in planning and carrying out projects for
resource conservation and development and for sound land use pursuant to the provisions of section 32(e) of title III of the BankheadJones Farm Tenant Act (7 U.S.C. 1010–1011; 76 Stat. 607), the Act
of April 27, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 590a–f), and the Agriculture and Food
Act of 1981 (16 U.S.C. 3451–3461), $34,377,000, to remain available
until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b): Provided, That this appropriation
shall be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence
of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and
not to exceed $50,000 shall be available for employment under 5
U.S.C. 3109. (7 U.S.C. 2201–02; 33 U.S.C. 701b–11; Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Areas authorized at end of year .................................................
Project plans written ...................................................................
Projects being implemented ........................................................
Projects completed ......................................................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1010–0–1–300

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.02
09.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program: Technical assistance ...........................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

29
1

34
1

34
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

30

35

35

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
21.40

23.90
23.95

1 ................... ...................
29
35
35

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

30
–30

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

35
–35

290
2,752
2,525
2,514

117

315
2,750
2,700
2,300

315
2,750
2,700
2,300

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1010–0–1–300

11.1
11.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

35
–35

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

16
1

19
1

19
1

17
4
1

20
4
1

20
4
1

1
4
1
1

2
5
1
1

2
5
1
1

29

34

34

25.2
26.0
31.0

1

1

1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

29
1

34
1

34
1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

30

35

35

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

30

35

35

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

6
30
–30

6
35
–35

6
35
–35

6

6

6

70.00

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1010–0–1–300

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001
86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

26
3
1

31
3
1

31
3
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

30

35

35

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

420

420

3

5

5

GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM
–1

–1

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

–1

Identification code 12–2268–0–1–302

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

28
29

34
34

34
34

Under this program, the Department assists States, local
units of government, groups and individuals in developing
area plans for resource conservation and development (RC
and D).
RC and D areas are provided technical assistance to help
States and local units of government prepare plans for resource development and economic improvement and to plan
and install community-type conservation projects or measures.
Financial contributions, loans, and other Federal assistance
may be used to help carry out measures specified in RC
and D area plans. Loans are made through the farm loan
program of the Farm Service Agency, formerly the Farmers
Home Administration, to qualified local organizations to help
finance their share of the costs of installing the measures.
No loans are assumed in 1999. Program financial resources
are focused on the RC and D coordinators who assist the
local area councils. These coordinators help the area councils
develop plans and proposals to compete for financial assistance from other Federal, State and private sources.
A portion of 1999 funding in 1999 may be used as bonus
payments for those districts that best advance NRC conservation strategic goals.
The following tabulation shows the status of RC and D
areas authorized to receive technical and financial assistance.
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1997 actual

Areas authorized at beginning of year .......................................

392

289

1998 est.

290

1999 est.

315

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
1 ...................
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
1 ................... ...................
21.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

22
–5

17
–4

13
–3

17

13

10

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

5

4

3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

5

4

3

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
5
4
3

The 1996 Farm Bill combined the authority for this and
several other conservation programs into the Environmental
Quality Incentives Program. Prior-year account balances are
maintained in this account until expended.
This program provides cost-share assistance to participating
landowners or operators in the Great Plains area in the development and installation of long-term conservation plans and
practices for their land under contracts entered into in prior
years. It is a voluntary program in 556 designated counties
of 10 Great Plains States. Contracts with individual landowners range in time from 3 to 10 years.

118

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM—Continued
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
Program participants:
Number of contracts serviced during year .............................
Number of acres under contracts ..........................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

5,846
16,000,000

4,076
12,760,000

2,876
9,860,000

As of September 30, 1997, there were 4,076 active contracts
on hand. Co-landowners or operators finance the entire cost
of installing recurring management-type practices and pay
a specified part of the cost-shared practices installed on their
land. Program regulations provide that cost-share rates offered in any contract shall not exceed 80 percent of the cost
of installing eligible practices within the designated county.
There is a cost-sharing limitation of $35 thousand for any
contract.
Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–2268–0–1–302

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

assistance more appropriate (e.g., habitat creation) for the
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). Timber production is otherwise the responsibility of the Forest Service.
In addition, in selecting sites for cost-share assistance, the
program predominantly selected plots that would have made
the forest stand improvement or plantings without Federal
assistance.
FIP shares up to 65 percent of the cost of tree planting
and timber stand improvement. The percentage cost-shared
depends on the rate set in a particular State and county
by NRCS, after consulting with the State forester. The program is available in designated counties based on a Forest
Service survey of total eligible private timberland available
for production of timber products. Technical assistance is provided by Forest Service.
The 1997 program provided funding for 149,503 acres of
tree planting, and 33,725 acres in timber stand improvements, and 2,647 acres targeted towards special forestry and
site preparation.

6 ................... ...................

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3336–0–1–302

25.2
41.0

øFORESTRY INCENTIVES PROGRAM¿
øFor necessary expenses, not otherwise provided for, to carry out
the program of forestry incentives, as authorized in the Cooperative
Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2101), including technical
assistance and related expenses, $6,325,000, to remain available until
expended, as authorized by that Act.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1998 est.

6 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

6
–7

6 ...................
–6 ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

6 ...................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

7

New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation ..................................................................

7

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations ............................................................

22.00
23.95

1999 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3320–0–1–302

1997 actual

1998 est.

1 ................... ...................
6
6 ...................

WATER BANK PROGRAM

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3336–0–1–302

1997 actual

Other services ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

40
–10

30
–8

22
–6

30

22

16

86.93
6

6 ...................

11
7
–6

12
12
6 ...................
–6
–5

12

12

7

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

2
4

3 ...................
3
5

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

6

6

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

6
6

6 ...................
6
5

5

No funds are proposed for the Forestry Incentives Program
(FIP). The FIP was authorized by the Cooperative Forestry
Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2101). The objectives of
the program are to bring private, nonindustrial forest land
under improved management, to increase timber production,
to ensure adequate supplies of timber products, and to enhance other forest resources. FIP promotes timber production
on private lands and is incompatible with the agency strategic
plan, which is focused on water quality and habitat goals.
If FIP were aimed at environmental improvements, the tree
species selected would be chosen to maximize rare native
habitats, not timber production. Other programs can offer

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

10

8

6

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

10

8

6

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
10
8
6

The objectives of the Water Bank Program are to conserve
water; preserve, maintain, and improve the Nation’s wetlands;
increase waterfowl habitat in migratory waterfowl nesting,
breeding, and feeding areas in the United States; and secure
recreational and environmental benefits for the Nation. The
program was authorized by the Water Bank Act of 1970,
as amended by Public Law 96–182, approved January 2, 1980.
The Water Bank Extension Act of 1994 extends for one year
1985 agreements entered into under the Water Bank Act
of 1970, and due to expire on December 31, 1995. Funding
for the expiring 1985 Water Bank agreements were transferred from the Wetlands Reserve Program 1995 appropriation to this account as authorized under the Water Bank
Extension Act of 1994. Congress did not provide funding for
this account in 1998. For 1999, USDA does not request program funding.
Under the Water Bank Program, the Secretary of Agriculture, through designated county offices, uses program
funds to enter into 10-year agreements with landowners and
operators for the conservation of specified wetlands. Provisions exist to renew agreements for additional periods, to
make annual payments on agreements, and under certain
conditions to increase payment rates in the fifth year of a

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

contract or at the time of renewal. During the period of the
agreement, the landowner agrees not to drain, burn, fill, or
otherwise destroy the wetland character of such areas.

73.10
73.20
74.40

COLORADO RIVER BASIN SALINITY CONTROL PROGRAM

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
47
38
26

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3318–0–1–304

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

72.40

8
–3

5
–4

1
–1

5

1 ...................

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

3

4

1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

4

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
3
4
1

The Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program
(CRBSC), was authorized under section 202(c) of Title II of
the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act, as amended
by section 334, subtitle D, Title III of the Federal Agriculture
Improvement Act of 1996. The FAIR Act, combined authority
of the Agricultural Conservation Program (ACP), Water Quality Incentive Program (WQIP), Great Plains Conservation
Program (GPCP), and the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program (CRBSC), into the Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP). The FAIR Act also repealed CRBSC
authority, while maintaining program account balances until
expended.
Beginning in 1996, EQIP was implemented on an interim
program level for CRBSC. Program funding in 1997 provided
cost-share assistance to landowners and others in the Colorado River Basin States to include: Colorado, Utah and Wyoming. The main objective is to enhance the supply and quality
of water in the Colorado River for delivery to downstream
users in the U.S. and Mexico.
Technical assistance funds have been provided directly
within the Conservation Operations account.
Under this program, 30 percent of cost-share funds will
be reimbursed to the U.S. Treasury by the Colorado River
Basin States.
Future funding targeted towards salinity efforts will be provided by the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) for EQIP
beginning 1997.
WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1080–0–1–302

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.03
00.04

Obligations by program activity:
Technical Assistance .....................................................
Easement Overhead Costs .............................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

7

21

4

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

32
–7

25
–21

4
–4

12
21
4
–5 ................... ...................

21.40

72.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

25

80

4 ...................

39

22

New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

7
–47

119
21
–38

4
–26

39

22 ...................

47

38

26

The Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) is authorized by
Title XIV, Section 1438 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (P.L. 101–624), as amended by
the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (P.L. 103–
66), as amended by the Federal Agriculture Improvement and
Reform Act of 1996. The Fair Act authorized program funding
of the WRP under the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC)
beginning FY 1997. The 1996 Fair Act also repealed the old
authority for the WRP, while maintaining program account
balances until expended. Funding for the program is now
be provided by the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC). The
primary objectives of the program are to preserve and restore
wetlands, improve wildlife habitat, and protect migratory waterfowl. The 1996 Fair Act limited cumulative WRP enrollment to 975,000 acres through 2002.
The Secretary of Agriculture, through designated county
offices, uses program funds to enter into contracts with landowners that operate farmed or converted wetlands, farmed
wetlands, or prior converted wetlands and adjoining land or
riparian corridors. The contracts are for both permanent and
non-permanent easements program. Participants will receive
payments for wetlands easements, in a lump sum or annual
installment payments for permanent easements, and annual
installment payments under non-permanent easements. Compensation will be in cash as specified in the contract, but
not to exceed the fair market value of the land. The program
provides cost-share assistance to landowners for carrying out
the establishment of conservation measures and practices.
The program cost-shares 75 percent to 100 percent of eligible
costs of an easement. The program also provides reimbursement to the landowner for overhead costs associated with
acquiring an easement. Technical assistance will be largely
funded within the account.
Under the 1992 program, 42,230 acres were enrolled in
9 pilot States. No funding was provided for operating a fiscal
year 1993 program.
The 1994 program provided funding for enrolling 75,000
acres in 20 States, including the nine pilot States. The 1995
program provided funding for enrolling 112,300 acres under
multiple sign-ups to eleviate a back-log of 1994 easement
opportunities. The 1995 appropriation was amended by the
Water Bank Extension Act of 1994 to provide $889,800 for
expiring 1985 water bank agreements. Funds were transferred from the WRP account to the Water Bank Account
as authorized under the Water Bank Extension Act of 1994.
Under the 1996 program, $5 million of WRP funds were
transferred to the Fish and Wildlife Foundation under a interagency agreement of joint partnership. The Foundation will
provide additional matching funds for the acquisition of wetland easements.
94,000 acres were enrolled in 1996. Beginning in 1997, program funding was provided under the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC). Approximately 126,000 acres were enrolled
in fiscal year 1997. Funds under this account will remain
until expended.
The proposed 1999 Funding for WRP activities through
CCC is for 165 thousand acres (or $124 million in CCC
Funds). In fulfillment of the easement administration and
monitoring responsibilities associated with WRP, it is estimated that NRCS staff year costs will run an average $5

120

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

per easement acre for all acres under easements at the beginning of the fiscal year. Roughly, 661,000 acres are expected
to be enrolled in the WRP by the beginning of the fiscal
year 1999.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–1080–0–1–302

11.1
12.1
23.2
25.4
32.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ......................
Land and structures ......................................................

99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

11.1
12.1
25.2
41.0
99.9

1998 est.

7
1
1
2
–5

1997 actual

Identification code 12–3322–0–1–302

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

1998 est.

1999 est.

...................
...................
...................
...................

3
1
2
24

2
1
1
16

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

30

20

1999 est.

8
2
2
1
1
1
7 ...................
3 ...................

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–3322–0–1–302

1001

1997 actual

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ...................

1998 est.

1999 est.

103

67

6
21
4
1 ................... ...................
7

21

RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM

4

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–3337–0–1–304
Identification code 12–1080–0–1–302

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

142

268

54

WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations ............................................................ ...................

30

20

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance transferred from other accounts ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

30
–30

20
–20

................... ...................
...................
30
...................
–8

22
20
–11

22.22
23.95

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
72.40

...................

22

31

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

8

11

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

8

11

89.00
90.00

1998 est.

1999 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

3

3

3

3

3

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

3
–1

2
–1

1
–1

2

1

1

1

1

1

21.40

72.40

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3322–0–1–302

1997 actual

1999 est.

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................
8
11

The Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP) is a voluntary program to support and encourage landowners with
technical assistance and cost share payments to develop and
improve fish and wildlife habitat on private lands. WHIP
is currently budgeted for $50 million through the year 2002
with funds form the Commodity Credit Corporation.
NRCS and the participant enter into a cost-share agreement for wildlife habitat development. This agreement generally lasts from 5 to 10 years from the date the agreement
is signed. WHIP funds are distributed to states based on
state wildlife habitat priorities which may include: wildlife
habitat areas; targeted species and their habitats; and specific
practices. Partnerships with other entities is preferred: WHIP
may be implemented in cooperation with other Federal, State,
or local agencies, conservation districts, or private conservation groups. State priories are developed through a locally
led process to identify wildlife resource needs and finalized
in consultation with the State Technical Committee.

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................
1
1

This experimental Rural Clean Water Program, authorized
by Public Law 96–108 and Public Law 96–528, was a cooperative endeavor among farmers, various USDA agencies, and
other organizations to develop and test means of controlling
agricultural nonpoint source water pollution in rural areas.
Recommended project areas were developed by local and
State committees and approved by the Secretary of Agriculture in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. Full funding was provided in previous appropriations for all approved projects. The implementation period for all projects has ended, and no additional
obligations will be incurred. Payment of prior year obligations
is expected to continue through the calendar year 1999. Similar activities will be carried out through the mandatory Environmental Quality Incentives Program.
Credit accounts:
AGRICULTURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION DEMONSTRATION
GUARANTEED LOAN FINANCING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4177–0–3–351

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

2

2

1

7
–2

5
–2

3
–1

5

3

2

21.40

RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

73.10
73.20
87.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

2
–2
2

2
–2
2

1
–1
1

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Financing disbursements ...............................................
2
2
1

23.95
24.40

60.27

New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

–3

121
–19 ...................

19 ................... ...................

1 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
3
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–2
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
1
72.40

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–4177–0–3–351

1998 est.

1999 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders .............................................................................. ................... ................... ...................
2150

1
15
19 ...................
–5
–4
15

11

5

4

86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

2

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1 ................... ...................
2
5
4

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................ ................... ................... ...................

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
2210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................

17

17

17

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

17

17

17

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

17

17

17

Funds received from State and local organizations, and others are available for work under cooperative agreements for
soil survey, watershed protection, and resource conservation
and development activities.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

This program, also known as ‘‘Farms for the Future,’’ provides guarantees and interest assistance on loans made to
State trust funds, who in turn finance acquisitions to preserve
farmland in selected states. No guarantees have been made
since 1993.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from guaranteed loans committed
in 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

1996 actual

1997 actual

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

8

5

5

3

Total assets ........................................

8

5

5

3

Identification code 12–4177–0–3–351

1101
1999

25.2
32.0
41.0
99.9

1998 est.

1998 est.

Other services ................................................................ ...................
Land and structures ......................................................
1
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
2
Total obligations ........................................................

1999 est.

9 ...................
1 ...................
9 ...................

3

19 ...................

Personnel Summary
1997 actual

Identification code 12–8210–0–7–300

1001

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

1997 actual

Identification code 12–8210–0–7–300

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

3

1999 est.

1

1

1999 est.

RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
RURAL COMMUNITY ADVANCEMENT PROGRAM
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

Trust Funds
MISCELLANEOUS CONTRIBUTED FUNDS
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8210–0–7–300

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ...................
1
1
Receipts:
02.01 Miscellaneous contributed trust funds ..........................
2 ................... ...................
01.99

04.00

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Miscellaneous contributed trust funds ..........................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

2

1

1

–1 ................... ...................
1
1
1

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8210–0–7–300

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

1997 actual

3

1998 est.

1999 est.

19 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

21
19 ...................
1 ................... ...................

23.90

22

21.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation

19 ...................

For the cost of direct loans, loan guarantees, and grants, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1926, 1926a, 1926c, and 1932, except for sections
381Eø–¿, 381G, 381H, 381N, and 381O of the Consolidated Farm
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009f), ø$652,197,000¿
$715,172,000, to remain available until expended, of which
ø$27,062,000¿ $35,717,000 shall be for rural community programs
described in section 381E(d)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural
Development Act; of which ø$577,242,000¿ $628,955,000 shall be for
the rural utilities programs described in section 381E(d)(2) of such
Act; and of which ø$47,893,000¿ $50,500,000 shall be for the rural
business and cooperative development programs described in section
381E(d)(3) of such Act: Provided, That øsection 381E(d)(3)(B) of such
Act is amended by inserting after the phrase ‘‘business and industry’’,
the words ‘‘direct and’’: Provided further, That of the amount appropriated for the rural business and cooperative development programs,
not to exceed $500,000 shall be made available for a grant to a
qualified national organization to provide technical assistance for
rural transportation in order to promote economic development:¿ of
the total amount appropriated, 3 percent shall be reserved for federally
recognized Indian tribes through June 30, 1999, and if not used
by Indian tribes shall be available for use by other qualified applicants: Provided further, That of the amount appropriated for rural
utilities programs, not to exceed ø$20,000,000¿ $25,000,000 shall be
for water and waste disposal systems to benefit the Colonias along
the United States/Mexico border, including grants pursuant to section
306C of such Act; ønot to exceed $15,000,000 shall be for water
and waste disposal systems for rural and native villages in Alaska

122

RURAL DEVELOPMENT—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
70.00

General and special funds—Continued
RURAL COMMUNITY ADVANCEMENT PROGRAM—Continued
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ...................
22
26
Receipts:
02.01 Business and industry loans .........................................
6
4
7
02.02 Water and wastewater loans .........................................
12 ................... ...................
02.03 Rural community facility loans .....................................
4 ................... ...................
01.99

02.99

Total receipts .............................................................

22

4

7

04.00
07.99

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

22
22

26
26

33
33

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0400–0–1–999

1997 actual

1998 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy ...............................................
Reestimate of direct loan subsidy ................................
Interest on reestimate of direct loan subsidy ...............
Grants ............................................................................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................

696

658

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

6
674

5 ...................
653
715

87
84
154
9
11
10
22 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................
576
563
551

21 ................... ...................
701
–696

658
–658

715
–715

5 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

619
652
715
19 ................... ...................

43.00

638

60.05
68.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Appropriation (indefinite) Reestimates .....................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

715

1,615
1,636
1,640
696
658
715
–645
–654
–649
1 ................... ...................
–9 ................... ...................
–21 ................... ...................
1,636

1,640

1,706

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

24
585
36

34
36
619
614
1 ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

645

654

649

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
NADBank ........................................................... ...................
–1 ...................
88.00
Fund for Rural America ....................................
–12 ................... ...................
88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–12

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

662
633

–1 ...................

652
653

715
649

Distribution of budget authority by account:
Rural Community Advancement Program ............................... ....................
652
715
Rural Water and Waste Disposal Loans .................................
92 .................... ....................
Rural Water and Waste Disposal Grants ...............................
497 .................... ....................
Solid Waste Management Grants ...........................................
2 .................... ....................
Community Facility Loans .......................................................
15 .................... ....................
Community Facility Grants .....................................................
6 .................... ....................
Rural Business and Industry Loans .......................................
8 .................... ....................
Rural Business Enterprise Grants ..........................................
41 .................... ....................
Distribution of outlays by account:
Rural Community Advancement Program ............................... ....................
653
649
Rural Water and Waste Disposal Loans .................................
129 .................... ....................
Rural Water and Waste Disposal Grants ...............................
428 .................... ....................
Solid Waste Management Grants ...........................................
3 .................... ....................
Emergency Community Water Assistance Grants ...................
6 .................... ....................
Community Facility Loans .......................................................
26 .................... ....................
Rural Business and Industry Loans .......................................
7 .................... ....................
Rural Business Enterprise Grants ..........................................
35 .................... ....................

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0400–0–1–999

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct water and waste disposal loan levels ................
1150 Direct community facility loan levels ............................
1150 Direct business and industry loan levels ......................

803
137
12

691
206
50

764
200
50

1159

715

21.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

653

1999 est.

00.01
00.02
00.05
00.06
00.10

23.90
23.95
24.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.32 Obligated balance transferred from other accounts
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

674

72.40

pursuant to section 306D of such Act;¿ not to exceed ø$15,000,000¿
$17,250,000 shall be for technical assistance grants for rural waste
systems pursuant to section 306(a)(14) of such Act; and not to exceed
ø$5,200,000¿ $6,000,000 shall be for contracting with qualified national organizations for a circuit rider program to provide technical
assistance for rural water systems: Provided further, That of the
total amounts appropriated, not to exceed ø$20,048,000¿ $36,092,800
shall be available through June 30, ø1998¿ 1999, for empowerment
zones and enterprise communities, as authorized by Public Law 103–
66, of which ø$1,200,000¿ $1,961,800 shall be for rural community
programs described in section 381E(d)(1) of such Act; of which
ø$18,700,000¿ $25,478,000 shall be for the rural utilities programs
described in section 381E(d)(2) of such Act; of which ø$148,000¿
$8,653,000 shall be for the rural business and cooperative development programs described in section 381E(d)(3) of such Actø: Provided
further, That any obligated and unobligated balances available for
prior years for the ‘‘Rural Water and Waste Disposal Grants’’, ‘‘Rural
Water and Waste Disposal Loans Program Account’’, ‘‘Emergency
Community Water Assistance Grants’’, ‘‘Solid Waste Management
Grants’’, the community facility grant program in the ‘‘Rural Housing
Assistance Program Account’’, ‘‘Community Facility Loans Program
Account’’, ‘‘Rural Business Enterprise Grants’’, ‘‘Rural Business and
Industry Loans Program Account’’, and ‘‘Local Technical Assistance
and Planning Grants’’ shall be transferred to and merged with this
account¿. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

Identification code 12–0400–0–1–999

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

952

947

1,014

9.02
8.73
0.51

9.76
8.38
–7.16

16.52
13.74
–14.64

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Direct water and waste disposal loans subsidy rate
1320 Direct community facility loans subsidy rate ...............
1320 Direct business and industry loans subsidy rate .........

1329

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
8.88
6.44
14.43
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Direct water and waste disposal loans subsidy budget
authority ....................................................................
90
67
126
1330 Direct community facility loans subsidy budget authority ........................................................................
15
17
27
1330 Direct business and industry subsidy budget authority ................... ................... ...................

24 ................... ...................

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
105
84
153
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Direct water and waste disposal loans subsidy outlays
127
126
94
1340 Direct community facility loans subsidy outlays ..........
25
20
21
1340 Direct business and industry subsidy outlays .............. ................... ................... ...................

12

1349

652

715

1 ...................

1339

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

152

146

115

RURAL DEVELOPMENT—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Water and waste disposal loan guarantee levels .........
2150 Community facility loan guarantee levels .....................
2150 Business and Industry loan guarantee levels ...............

75
85
815

75
153
1,000

75
210
1,000

2159

975

1,228

1,285

–1.09
0.41
0.93

–1.90
0.40
0.97

–1.08
–0.54
1.02

Total loan guarantee levels ......................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
2320 Guaranteed water and waste disposal loan subsidy
rate ............................................................................
2320 Guranteed community facility loan subsidy rate ..........
2320 Guaranteed business and industry loan subsidy rate
2329

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
0.52
0.59
0.55
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Guaranteed water and waste disposal loans subsidy
budget authority ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................
2330 Guaranteed community facility loans subsidy budget
authority .................................................................... ...................
1 ...................
2330 Guaranteed business and industry loans subsidy
budget authority ........................................................
8
10
10
2339

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
8
11
10
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Guaranteed water and waste disposal loan subsidy
outlays ....................................................................... ................... ................... ...................
2340 Guaranteed community facility loan subsidy outlays
1
1 ...................
2340 Guranteed business and industry loan subsidy outlays
8
3
6
2349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

9

4

6

This account consolidates under the Rural Community Advancement Program (RCAP) funding for the direct and guaranteed water and waste disposal loans, water and waste disposal grants, emergency community water assistance grants,
solid waste management grants, direct and guaranteed community facility loans, community facility grants, direct and
guaranteed business and industry loans, rural business enterprise grants, and rural business opportunity grants. This is
in accordance with the provisions set forth in the Federal
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996, as amended, Public Law 104–127 (the 1996 Act). Consolidating funding
for these 12 loan and grant programs under RCAP provides
greater flexibility to tailor financial assistance to applicant
needs.
RCAP is composed of the following three funding streams:
Rural Community Facilities, Rural Utilities, and Rural Business and Cooperative Development. For 1999, the Budget proposes the full flexibility authorized in the 1996 Act for up
to 25 percent of the resources in each stream to shift to
other streams, in order to respond to the unique rural development needs of states and localities. Funding for the rural
water and wastewater programs in this account is proposed
as part of the Environmental Resources Fund for America.
This proposal highlights the Administration’s priority to provide deficit neutral funding for investments in many of our
Nation’s key environmental programs. A discussion of the
Environmental Resources Fund for America and two other
funds for research and transportation can be found in Section
II of the Budget volume.
Water and waste disposal loans are authorized under 7
U.S.C. 1926. The program provides direct loans to municipalities, counties, special purpose districts, certain Indian Tribes,
and non-profit corporations to develop water and waste disposal systems in rural areas and towns with populations of
less than 10,000. The program also guarantees water and
waste disposal loans made by banks and other eligible lenders.
Water and waste disposal grants are authorized under Section 306(a)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as amended. Grants are authorized to be made
to associations, including nonprofit corporations, municipalities, counties, public and quasi-public agencies, and certain
Indian tribes. The grants can be used to finance development,
storage, treatment, purification, or distribution of water or
the collection, treatment, or disposal of waste in rural areas

123

and cities or towns with populations of less than 10,000.
The amount of any development grant may not exceed 75
percent of the eligible development cost of the project.
Emergency community water assistance grants are authorized under Section 306A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural
Development Act, as amended. Grants are made to public
bodies and nonprofit organizations for construction or extension of water lines, repair or maintenance of existing systems,
replacement of equipment, and payment of costs to correct
emergency situations.
Solid waste management grants are authorized under Section 310B(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as amended. Grants are made to non-profit organizations to provide regional technical assistance to local and
regional governments and related agencies for the purpose
of reducing or eliminating pollution of water resources, and
for improving the planning and management of solid waste
disposal facilities.
Community facility loans and grants are authorized under
sections 306(a)(1) and 306(a)(19) of the Consolidated Farm
and Rural Development Act, as amended. Loans are provided
to local governments and nonprofit organizations for the construction and improvement of community facilities providing
essential services in rural areas of not more than 50,000
population, such as hospitals and fire stations.
Business and industry guaranteed and direct loans are authorized under section 310B(a)(1) of the Consolidated Farm
and Rural Development, as amended. These loans are made
to public, private or cooperative organizations, Indian tribes
or tribal groups, corporate entities, or individuals for the purpose of improving the economic climate in rural areas.
Rural business enterprise grants are authorized under sections 310(B)(c) and 310(B))(j) of the Consolidated Farm and
Rural Development Act, as amended. These grants enable
public and nonprofit organizations to operate rural economic
development projects. In general, these grants provide investments in the human and physical resources of rural communities. Past projects have enabled rural communities to acquire and develop land, create technical assistance programs,
encourage small business growth and create new jobs.
Rural Business Opportunity Grants are authorized under
section 310(B)(a)(11) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as amended. These grants enable public bodies
and private nonprofit organizations to provide for technical
assistance, training, and planning activities that improve economic conditions in rural area.
RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONE/ENTERPRISE COMMUNITY GRANTS
(Proposed legislation, subject to PAYGO)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0402–4–1–452

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................ ................... ...................

20

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

20
–20

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ................... ...................

20

73.10
74.40

89.00
90.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested ................................................................. ................... ...................

20
20

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
20
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

124

RURAL DEVELOPMENT—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONE/ENTERPRISE COMMUNITY GRANTS—
Continued

The goal of the Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community
initiative is to revitalize rural communities in a manner that
attracts private sector investment and thereby provides selfsustaining community and economic development. Legislation
will be proposed to provide funding to allow five new rural
empowerment zones, as authorized by the Taxpayer Relief
Act of 1997, to create economic opportunity in the most distressed rural communities. A similar proposal is requested
for urban zones through the Department of Housing and
Urban Development. Similar to the initial round of EZ/EC,
the designated communities would be required to develop
strategic development plans as (part of the application process) to guide future development activities, and to develop
benchmarks to assess progress periodically.
The flexible grant funding would be available for a wide
variety of community and economic development purposes
that link human capital needs with economic development
initiatives. The purposes may include revolving loan funds
for business capitalization or community development, job
training and job counseling, infrastructure investment, home
ownership and home ownership counseling, health care and
related facilities, child care and administrative costs linked
to redevelopment efforts.
Similar to the first round, the second round will be a 10year effort based on a comprehensive development plan involving the residents, the private sector, the non-profit community and local, State and Federal governments. Experience
from the initial round of urban and rural designations demonstrates significant successes that are stimulating billions
in private sector investment, reviving communities that had
given up hope for economic opportunity and creating thousands of jobs, moving people from dependency to active participation in the economy. Round two will build on the successes of the initial round.

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

33

33

33

34

33

35

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

67

66

68

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

14
66
–70

10
66
–66

12
68
–68

10

12

12

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
24
Outlays from current balances ......................................
12
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
34
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

29
4
29
4

29
4
31
4

70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

70

66

68

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–34

–33

–35

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

33
36

33
33

33
33

89.00
90.00

For necessary expenses of the Rural Utilities Service, including
administering the programs authorized by the Rural Electrification
Act of 1936, and the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development
Act, and for cooperative agreements, ø$33,000,000¿ $33,445,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act
of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $105,000 may be used
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

The Rural Utilities Service (RUS), under authority of the
Rural Electrification Act of 1936, as amended, and the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, makes grants,
direct loans, and guarantees loans made by other qualified
lenders, to suppliers of electric, telecommunications, and
water/wastewater/waste disposal services in rural areas. RUS
also provides technical assistance to rural communities concerning water and waste disposal services. In addition, RUS
makes grants and loans to provide access to advanced telecommunications services for distance learning and telemedicine facilities.
The electric and telecommunications loan and grant programs are administered in the Washington, DC, offices of
RUS. In addition, RUS general field representatives visit borrowers periodically and maintain liaison between borrowers
and headquarters. RUS administers the water and waste programs through the Washington headquarters, with the loan
making and servicing activities being performed by the Rural
Development field office staff.
Administrative Convergence. The Department is coordinating the functions and personnel of the different field agencies
to provide a more seamless and efficient delivery system.
By 2002, the proposal would result in a 22 percent reduction
in administrative staffing from 1997. Savings by 2002 would
equal $127 million/year. Progress in 1999 would be indicated
by the creation of a Support Services Bureau reflecting a
new entity made by consolidating the agencies administrative
functions both at the National Level and in each State.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

Identification code 12–1981–0–1–452

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Identification code 12–1981–0–1–452

00.01
09.02

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

33
33

33
33

33
35

11.1
11.5

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

66

66

68

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

67
66
68
–1 ................... ...................
67
–66

66
–66

68
–68

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

21
1

21
1

21
1

22
5
1

22
4
1

22
4
1

24.0
25.2

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................

1
1
3

1
1
4

1
1
4

99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................

33

33

33

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
99.0

Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

33

33

35

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

66

66

68

1997 actual

Identification code 12–1981–0–1–452

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1998 est.

1999 est.

1001

SALARIES

AND

381

393

364

371

425

EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

1998 est.

1,528
251

1,487
260

1,421
410

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

1,779
820

1,747
1,145

1,831
1,209

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayment of principal ....................................
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................
88.40
Miscelleneous offsetting collections ................

–129
–32

–126
–179

–94
–265

88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

–271
41

–444
–9

–549
–150

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

830
550

550
701

594
660

290

(RURAL ELECTRIFICATION ADMINISTRATION)

Identification code 12–3100–0–1–271

1,659
1,779
1,747
982
1,113
1,293
–820
–1,145
–1,209
–42 ................... ...................

74.40
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
Receivables from program account ..........................

74.99
87.00

Personnel Summary

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.45

1999 est.

73.20
73.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................

–1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................
1 ................... ...................

In 1996, the Rural Electrification Administration became
part of the Rural Utilities Service (RUS) along with certain
programs formerly administered by the Rural Development
Administration.
RURAL WATER

AND

WASTE DISPOSAL DIRECT LOANS FINANCING
ACCOUNT

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04

Obligations by program activity:
Direct Loans ...................................................................
Direct Loans (Fund For Rural America) .........................
Interest on Treasury Borrowing ......................................
Downward reestimate paid to receipt account .............

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

823
694
764
8 ................... ...................
139
419
529
12 ................... ...................
982

1,113

1,293

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested ................................................................. ...................
110 ...................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
1,060
1,003
1,293
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
42 ................... ...................
22.70 Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn ....................
–10 ................... ...................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
67.15

1,092
–982

1,113
–1,113

1,293
–1,293

110 ................... ...................

830

550

594

271
–41

444
9

549
150

68.90

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

230

453

699

70.00

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

1,060

1,003

1,293

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.40
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
72.95
Receivables from program account ..........................

1,528
251

1,487
260

1997 actual

Identification code 12–4226–0–1–452

1998 est.

1999 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................
1112 Unobligated direct loan limitation ................................
1113 Unobligated limitation carried forward .........................
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation ............

794
691
764
–3 ................... ...................
31
3 ...................
8 ................... ...................

1150

830

1290

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

694

764

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1,615
2,260
2,961
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
670
726
680
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
–25
–25
–34
Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net ............. ................... ................... ...................
Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

2,260

2,961

3,607

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means of
financing and are not included in the budget totals. Loans
made prior to 1992 are recorded in the Rural Development
Insurance Fund Liquidating Account.
The water and waste disposal program makes loans and
grants to finance water and waste disposal facilities in rural
areas.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4226–0–1–452

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1402
Interest receivable ..............................
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
1499
1999

1,367
292

–25
–25
–34
–86
–114
–156
1 ................... ...................

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

1210
1231
1251
1264

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4226–0–1–452

125

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt ...........................
2203 Non-Federal liabilities: Debt ...................

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

152

167

448

500

292

251

260

410

1,615
23
–324

2,260
31
–429

2,961
114
–557

3,607
156
–651

1,314

1,862

2,518

3,112

1,758

2,280

3,226

4,022

1,460
6

2,024
5

2,961
5

3,607
5

126

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
2364

RURAL WATER

AND

WASTE DISPOSAL DIRECT LOANS FINANCING
ACCOUNT—Continued

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1996 actual

Identification code 12–4226–0–1–452

2999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

1997 actual

1,466

1998 est.

2,029

1999 est.

2,966

3,612

292

251

260

410

3999

Total net position ................................

292

251

260

410

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

1,758

2,280

3,226

4,022

Other adjustments, net ............................................. ................... ................... ...................

2390

General and special funds—Continued

Outstanding, end of year ...................................... ................... ................... ...................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from guaranteed loans committed
in 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals. Loans
made prior to 1992 are recorded in the Rural Development
Insurance Fund Liquidating Account.
This account finances loan guarantee commitments for
water systems, and waste disposal facilities in rural areas.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

RURAL WATER

WASTE DISPOSAL GUARANTEED LOANS
FINANCING ACCOUNT

Identification code 12–4218–0–3–452

AND

1101

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

..................

..................

..................

1

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2204 Non-Federal liabilities: Liabilities for
loan guarantees ..................................

..................

..................

..................

1

..................

..................

..................

1

2999

Identification code 12–4218–0–3–452

Total liabilities ....................................

..................

..................

..................

1

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

..................

1

1999

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Investment in secondary market ................................... ...................
Negative subsidy paid to reciept account .................... ...................

1
1

1
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

2

2

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New financing authority (gross) .................................... ...................
23.95 New obligations ............................................................. ...................

2
–2

2
–2

67.15
68.00

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) ..................................... ...................
2
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .............................................. ................... ...................
Total new financing authority (gross) ...................... ...................

2

2

73.10
73.20
87.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ...................
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ...................

2
–2
2

2
–2
2

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Fees ................... ................... ...................

–1

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ...................
Financing disbursements ............................................... ...................

2
2

1
1

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4218–0–3–452

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders ..............................................................................
2112 Uncommitted loan guarantee limitation .......................
2150
2199

2210
2231
2251
2264
2290

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loan commitments

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

75
75
75
–72 ................... ...................
3
2

75
60

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

1

70.00

89.00
90.00

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS LOANS
PROGRAM ACCOUNT

1

Insured loans pursuant to the authority of section 305 of the Rural
Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 935), shall be made as follows:
5 percent rural electrification loans, ø$125,000,000¿ $55,000,000; 5
percent rural telecommunications loans, ø$75,000,000¿ $50,000,000;
cost of money rural telecommunications loans, $300,000,000; municipal rate rural electric loans, ø$500,000,000¿ $250,000,000; and loans
made pursuant to section 306 of that Act, rural electric, $300,000,000
and rural telecommunications, $120,000,000, to remain available until
expended.
For the cost, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget
Act of 1974, including the cost of modifying loans, of direct and
guaranteed loans authorized by the Rural Electrification Act of 1936
(7 U.S.C. 935 and 936), as follows: cost of ødirect loans, $12,265,000;
cost of municipal rate loans, $21,100,000; cost of money rural telecommunications loans, $60,000; cost of loans guaranteed pursuant
to section 306, $2,760,000¿ rural electric loans, $29,072,320, and the
cost of telecommunication loans, $5,705,000: Provided, That notwithstanding section 305(d)(2) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936,
borrower interest rates may exceed 7 percent per year.
In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out
the direct and guaranteed loan programs, ø$29,982,000¿ $32,000,000,
which shall be transferred to and merged with the appropriation
for ‘‘Rural Utilities Service—Salaries and Expenses’’. (Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998.)

75
60

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
8
7
30
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ...................... ...................
24
26
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
–1
–1
–1
Adjustments: Other adjustments, net ........................... ................... ................... ...................
Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

7

30

55

Memorandum:
2299 Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

6

24

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Rural electrification and telephone loans .....................

44

Addendum:
Cumulative balance of defaulted guaranteed loans
that result in loans receivable:
2310
Outstanding, start of year ........................................ ................... ................... ...................

04.00
07.99

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

40

102

104

62

2

3

102
102

104
104

107
107

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................

1997 actual

36

1998 est.

36

1999 est.

35

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
00.05
00.06
00.09

Reestimate of the direct loan subsidy ..........................
Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy .............
Administrative expenses subject to limitation ..............

123 ................... ...................
21 ................... ...................
30
30
32

1340
1340
1340

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

210

66

67

1349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

210
–210

66
–66

67
–67

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

66

66

67

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
60.05
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................

144 ................... ...................

70.00

210

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Uninvested .................................................................

66

67

72.40

216
164
103
210
66
67
–256
–127
–99
–5 ................... ...................
164

103

71

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

256

127

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

210
257

66
127

67
99

44
5
28

38
2
15

82

96

67

30
30

30
30

32
32

The Rural Utilities Service conducts the rural electrification
and the rural telecommunications loan programs. The rural
electrification loan program is financed through RUS direct
loans for the operation of generating plants, electric transmission, and distribution lines or systems. The rural telecommunications loan program is financed through RUS direct
loans for construction, expansion, and operation of telecommunications lines and facilities or systems.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for rural electrification and telecommunications programs, the subsidy costs associated with the direct
loans obligated in 1992 and beyond (including modifications
of direct loans or loan guarantees that resulted from obligations or commitments in any year), as well as administrative
expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated
on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are
estimated on a cash basis.

99

35
34
35
77
92
64
144 ................... ...................

Direct loans, municipal rate electric .............................
38
Direct loans, FFB electric .............................................. ...................
Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
15

127

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

25.3

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

41.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

30
180

30
36

32
35

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

210

66

67

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
(in millions of dollars)

Enacted/requested:
1997 actual
1998 est.
1999 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
210
66
67
Outlays ....................................................................................
256
126
99
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... ....................
1
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

210
256

66
126

68
99

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loans, electric ......................................................
1150 Direct loans, municipal rate electric .............................
1150 Direct loans, FFB electric ..............................................
1150 Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
1150 Direct loans, Treasury rate telecommunications ...........
1150 Direct loans, FFB telecommunications ..........................
1159

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Direct loans, electric ......................................................
1320 Direct loans, municipal rate electric .............................
1320 Direct loans, FFB electric ..............................................
1320 Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
1320 Direct loans, Treasury rate telecommunicataions .........
1320 Direct loans, FFB telecommunications ..........................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

69
455
300
75
300
120

125
500
300
75
300
120

55
250
300
50
300
120

1,319

1,420

1,075

5.27
6.20
0.93
1.59
0.02
–0.07

7.46
4.22
0.92
3.92
0.02
–0.07

13.04
8.76
–0.38
9.79
0.27
–0.81

1329

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
3.25
2.55
3.04
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Direct loans, electric ......................................................
70
9
7
1330 Direct loans, municipal rate electric .............................
28
21
22
1330 Direct loans, FFB electric ..............................................
3
3 ...................
1330 Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
1
3
5
1330 Direct loans, Treasury, telecom subsidy ........................ ................... ...................
1
1339

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Direct loans, electric ......................................................

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1230–2–1–271

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS LOANS
PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................ ................... ...................

1

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ................... ...................

1

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

1
–1

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ................... ...................

1

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
1
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1230–2–1–271

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan, Treasury electric ......................................... ................... ...................

400

1159

400

102

36

35

Total direct loan levels ............................................. ................... ...................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Direct loan, Treasury electric ......................................... ................... ...................

29

19

12

1329

Weighted average subsidy rate ................................. ................... ...................

0.21
–0.77

128

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999
Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.40
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
72.95
Receivables from program account ..........................

General and special funds—Continued
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS LOANS
PROGRAM ACCOUNT—Continued
Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–1230–2–1–271

1330

1997 actual

1998 est.

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.45

1999 est.

Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
Direct loan, Treasury electric ......................................... ................... ...................

1

1339

Total subsidy budget authority ................................. ................... ...................
1
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Direct loans, Treasury electric ....................................... ................... ................... ...................
1349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................ ................... ................... ...................

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

This proposed legislation would add a new Treasury rate
Electric Loan Program, similar to the telecommunications program, in the amount of $400 million. Borrowers would apply
for direct (Treasury rate) loans at an interest rate that is
tied to the Government’s cost of money. The new type of
loan represents a new tool for the Rural Utilities Service
(RUS) in meeting the demand for electric program loans. The
growth that RUS electric borrowers are experiencing has resulted in record levels of loan applications, exceeding one
billion dollars, being submitted to RUS in recent years. RUS
will continue to experience an added demand for financing
as electric distribution borrowers replace plants, much of
which is 40 years old. RUS estimates that the Electric Program will end 1998 with a backlog of electric loan applications
in the amount of $900 million.

74.40
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
Receivables from program account ..........................

74.99
87.00

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

3,001
211

3,166
164

2,744
103

3,212
3,330
2,847
1,444
1,784
1,543
–1,255
–2,267
–1,934
–71 ................... ...................
3,166
164

2,744
103

2,385
71

3,330
1,255

2,847
2,267

2,456
1,934

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Payment from program account ...........................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayment of principal ....................................
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................

–227
–41

–97
–94

–67
–126

–112
–219

–74
–295

–90
–387

88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

–599
47

–560
61

–670
32

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

887
658

1,259
1,707

905
1,264

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–4208–0–3–271

1998 est.

1999 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4208–0–3–271

00.01
00.03
00.04
00.05
00.06

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans ....................................................................
Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................
Negative subsidy paid to receipt account ....................
Downward reestimate paid to reciept account .............
Interest on downward reestimate paid to reciept account ..........................................................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.60 Redemption of debt .......................................................
22.70 Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn ....................

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

1,105
1,420
1,075
278
362
465
1
2
3
49 ................... ...................
11 ................... ...................
1,444

1,784

1,543

1,319
1,420
1,075
–214 ................... ...................

1150

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS DIRECT LOAN
FINANCING ACCOUNT

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................
1112 Unobligated direct loan limitation ................................
Total direct loan obligations .....................................

1,105

1,420

1,075

1210
1231
1251

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................

3,502
916
–112

4,306
1,903
–74

6,135
1,467
–90

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

4,306

6,135

7,512

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from electric and telecommunication direct loans obligated in 1992 and beyond (including
modifications of direct loans that resulted from obligations
in any year). The amounts in this account are a means of
financing and are not included in the budget totals.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
67.15

68.90
70.00

56
1,439

26 ...................
1,758
1,543

71 ................... ...................
–30 ................... ...................
–66 ................... ...................
1,470
–1,444

1,784
–1,784

1,543
–1,543

26 ................... ...................

Identification code 12–4208–0–3–271

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
1499

1,074

1,259

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

365

499

638

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

1,439

1,758

1,543

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

31

157

167

264

1

2

..................

..................

3,060
–114

3,656
–468

4,801
–448

5,752
–500

2,946

3,188

4,353

5,252

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................

2,978

3,347

4,520

5,516

2
2,798

..................
3,208

..................
4,410

..................
5,429

2999

2,800

3,208

4,410

5,429

178

139

110

87

905

599
560
670
–47
–61
–32
–187 ................... ...................

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1996 actual

1999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
3999

Total net position ................................

178

139

110

87

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

2,978

3,347

4,520

5,516

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
1499

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

129

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1997 actual

Identification code 12–4208–2–3–271

1998 est.

1999 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ................... ...................

400
400

42

49

71

99

..................

..................

..................

..................

1150

442
–39

649
–61

1,334
–83

1,759
–98

1210
1231
1251

403

588

1,251

1,661

1290

445

637

1,322

1,760

Total direct loan obligations ..................................... ................... ...................

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ................... ................... ...................
32
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments ................. ................... ................... ...................
Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ................... ...................

32

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
..................
368

..................
582

..................
1,284

..................
1,731

368

582

1,284

1,731

77

55

38

29

3999

Total net position ................................

77

55

38

29

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

445

637

1,322

1,760

Identification code 12–4208–2–3–271

1996 actual

1997 actual

1998 est.

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1402
Interest receivable ..............................
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

..................
..................
..................

..................
..................
..................

..................
..................
..................

1499

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999 est.

32
2
–1

..................

..................

..................

33

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt ...........................

..................

..................

..................

33

..................

..................

..................

32

2999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

..................

..................

..................

32

..................

..................

..................

1

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

..................

1

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

..................

33

1999

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS DIRECT LOAN
FINANCING ACCOUNT
(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4208–2–3–271

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans .................................................................... ................... ...................

400

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

400

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New financing authority (gross) .................................... ................... ...................
23.95 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

400
–400

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

TELECOMMUNICATIONS LIQUIDATING
ACCOUNT

AND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4230–0–3–271

1997 actual

1998 est.

1999 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Interest expense on certificates of beneficial ownership ............................................................................
00.02 Interest expense, FFB direct ..........................................
00.03 Other interest expense ...................................................
00.04 Public debt .....................................................................
00.05 Other ..............................................................................

296
1,232
226
2,729
8

361
990
102
78
7

361
990
102
99
7

10.00

4,491

1,538

1,559

1,848
2,991

359
2,117

939
2,767

00.01

67.15
68.10
70.00

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) ..................................... ................... ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Change
in orders on hand from Federal sources .................. ................... ...................
Total new financing authority (gross) ...................... ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
74.40
Obligated balance: Uninvested .................................
74.95
Receivables from program account ..........................
73.10
73.20

74.99
87.00
88.95

399
1
400

................... ...................
................... ...................

400
–32

................... ...................
................... ...................

367
1

Total unpaid obligations, end of year .................. ................... ...................
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ................... ...................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............ ................... ...................

368
32
–1

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ...................
90.00 Financing disbursements ............................................... ................... ...................

399
32

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from electric and telecommunication direct loans obligated in 1992 and beyond (including
modifications of direct loans that resulted from obligations
in any year). The amounts in this account are a means of
financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested .................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.70 Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn ....................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested .................................................................

999
1 ...................
–988 ................... ...................
4,850
–4,491

2,477
–1,538

3,706
–1,559

359

939

2,147

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.36
Unobligated balance rescinded ................................. ...................
–6
–4
Permanent:
62.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................
18
18
18
67.15
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .................................
2,157 ................... ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) ................................
3,310
2,893
3,387
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction ........................
–2,494
–788
–634
68.90

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ...........................................................

816

2,105

2,753

130

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999

General and special funds—Continued
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS LIQUIDATING
ACCOUNT—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)