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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
laws enacted by the Congress for the Forest Service and the Natural
Resources Conservation Service, ø$677,000¿ $693,000.

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
Federal Funds

OFFICE

OF THE

General and special funds:
OFFICE

OF THE

SECRETARY

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture,
and not to exceed $75,000 for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109,
ø$10,227,000¿ $10,336,000, of which $7,500,000 to remain available
until expended, shall be available for øInfoShare¿ Service Center Implementation: Provided, That not to exceed $11,000 of this amount,
along with any unobligated balances of representation funds in the
Foreign Agricultural Service shall be available for official reception
and representation expenses, not otherwise provided for, as determined by the Secretary.
OFFICE

OF THE

ASSISTANT SECRETARY

FOR

ADMINISTRATION

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Assistant
Secretary for Administration to carry out the programs funded in
this Act, ø$596,000¿ $613,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

ASSISTANT SECRETARY
RELATIONS

FOR

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR RESEARCH, EDUCATION
ECONOMICS

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Research, Education and Economics to administer the
laws enacted by the Congress for the Economic Research Service,
the National Agricultural Statistics Service, the Agricultural Research Service and the Cooperative State Research, Education, and
Extension Service, ø$520,000¿ $540,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR MARKETING
REGULATORY PROGRAMS

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Assistant
Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs to administer programs under the laws enacted by the Congress for the Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service, Agricultural Marketing Service, and
the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration,
ø$605,000¿ $618,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY

FOR

FOOD SAFETY

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Food Safety to administer the laws enacted by the
Congress for the Food Safety and Inspection Service, ø$440,000¿
$576,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR FARM
AGRICULTURAL SERVICES

AND

FOREIGN

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services to administer
the laws enacted by Congress for the Consolidated Farm Service
Agency, Foreign Agricultural Service, and the Commodity Credit Corporation, ø$549,000¿ $572,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR NATURAL RESOURCES
ENVIRONMENT

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development to administer programs under the laws enacted by the Congress for the Rural
Housing øand Community Development¿ Service, Rural Business and
Cooperative Development Service, and the Rural Utilities Service of
the Department of Agriculture, ø$568,000¿ $588,000.
OFFICE

OF THE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR FOOD, NUTRITION
CONSUMER SERVICES

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services to administer
the laws enacted by the Congress for the Food and Consumer Service,
ø$440,000¿ $554,000. (7 U.S.C. 2201–2202; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0115–0–1–352

CONGRESSIONAL

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Assistant
Secretary for Congressional Relations to carry out the programs funded in this Act, including programs involving intergovernmental affairs
and liaison within the executive branch, ø$3,797,000¿ $3,842,000:
Provided, That no other funds appropriated to the Department in
this Act shall be available to the Department for support of activities
of congressional relations: Provided further, That not less than
$2,355,000 shall be transferred to agencies funded in this Act to
maintain personnel at the agency level.
OFFICE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR RURAL ECONOMIC
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

1995 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Office of the Secretary ..............................................
3
00.02
Under/Assistant Secretaries ......................................
6
00.03
Service Center Implementation ................................. ...................
00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

3
6
5

3
6
10

9
14
19
1 ................... ...................
10

14

19

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
10
16

2
17

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
10
New obligations .............................................................
–10
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ...................

16
–14

19
–19

2 ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
9
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ................................... ...................

18
–2

19
–2

43.00

16

17

68.00
70.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

9

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

10

1 ................... ...................
16

17

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
1 ................... ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
10
14
19
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–9
–14
–17
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
3
72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

7
14
15
1 ...................
2
1 ................... ...................
9

14

17

AND

For necessary salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under
Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment to administer the

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–1 ................... ...................

129

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

130

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

1

2

2

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

2
–2

2
–2

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................

2

2

17
17

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

2

2

The Office of the Secretary covers the overall planning,
coordination, and administration of the Department’s programs. This includes the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Under
Secretaries, Assistant Secretaries, and their immediate staffs,
who provide top policy guidance for the Department; maintain
relationships with agricultural organizations and others in
the development of farm programs; and provide liaison with
the Executive Office of the President and Members of Congress on all matters pertaining to agricultural policy.

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
1
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

2
2

2
2

General and special funds—Continued
OFFICE

UNDER SECRETARY FOR FOOD, NUTRITION
CONSUMER SERVICES—Continued

OF THE

AND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0115–0–1–352

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

9
9

1996 est.

1997 est.

16
14

The Secretary is authorized to accept and administer gifts
and bequests of real and personal property to facilitate the
work of the Department. Property and the proceeds thereof
are used in accordance with the terms of the gift or bequest
(7 U.S.C. 2269).
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0115–0–1–352

11.1
12.1
25.2

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
5
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
1
Other services ............................................................ ...................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

6
1
6

14

1997 est.

25.2
32.0

6
2
10

Other services ................................................................ ...................
Land and structures ...................................................... ...................

1
1

1
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

2

2

6
13
18
1 ................... ...................
3
1
1
10

1996 est.

EXECUTIVE OPERATIONS
Federal Funds

19

General and special funds:
Personnel Summary

EXECUTIVE OPERATIONS
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0115–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

CHIEF ECONOMIST

1997 est.

1001

64

86

86

9 ................... ...................

For necessary expenses of the Chief Economist, including economic
analysis, risk assessment, cost benefit analysis, and the functions
of the World Agricultural Outlook Board, as authorized by the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1622g), and including employment pursuant to the second sentence of the section 706(a) of
the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not to exceed
$5,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$3,948,000¿
$4,292,000.
NATIONAL APPEALS DIVISION

Trust Funds
GIFTS

AND

For necessary expenses of the National Appeals Division, including
employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of
the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not to exceed
$25,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$11,846,000¿
$13,363,000.

BEQUESTS

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Gifts and bequests ........................................................
1
2
2
Appropriation:
05.01 Gifts and bequests ........................................................
–1
–2
–2
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

OFFICE

OFFICE
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8203–0–7–352

10.00

1995 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

2

2

1
1

1
2

1
2

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
2
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
1

3
–2

3
–2

1

1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

BUDGET

AND

PROGRAM ANALYSIS

OF

SMALL

AND

DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS UTILIZATION

For necessary expenses of the Office of Small and Disadvantaged
Business Utilization, including employment pursuant to the second
sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225),
of which not to exceed $5,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C.
3109, $804,000. (7 U.S.C. 2201, 2202; 42 U.S.C. 2000d; Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

OF

For necessary expenses of the Office of Budget and Program Analysis, including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section
706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not
to exceed $5,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$5,899,000¿
$5,986,000.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0705–0–1–352

00.01
00.02
00.03

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Chief economist ............................................................. ...................
4
4
World Agricultural Outlook Board ..................................
2 ................... ...................
National appeals divison ............................................... ...................
12
13

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
00.04
00.05
00.06

Budget and program analysis .......................................
6
6
6
Assistant Secretary for Economics ................................
1 ................... ...................
Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization ............ ...................
1
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

9

23

24

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

9
–9

23
–23

24
–24

40.00
42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
9
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ...................

22
24
1 ...................

131

PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
1995 actual

Major acquisitions reviewed ........................................................
Subcontracting plans reviewed ...................................................
Small Businesses counseled .......................................................
Small Business Procurement Conferences conducted or sponsored by USDA OSDBU ............................................................
Participation of OSDBU employees in Outreach Conferences ....
Procurement Assistance Reviews conducted ..............................
Develop Policy to Address Supreme Court Decision ...................
Operationalize OSDBU data base of qualified small business ..
Training conferences conducted .................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

25
40
6,000

20
40
6,100

20
40
6,200

2
20
0
0
0
2

2
15
4
1
1
3

2
15
4
1
0
3

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

9

23

24

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

9

23

24

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1
9
–8

1
23
–22

2
24
–23

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
25.2
31.0
99.5

1

2

1

99.9

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
8
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

21
1

22
2

Identification code 12–0705–0–1–352

22

23

1001

1995 actual

Identification code 12–0705–0–1–352

72.40

86.90
86.93
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

8

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

9
8

23
22

24
23

PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
1995 actual

1997 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
6
16
16
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
1
3
3
Travel and transportation of persons ............................ ...................
1
1
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges ...................
1
1
Other services ................................................................
1
1
2
Equipment ...................................................................... ................... ...................
1
Below reporting threshold ..............................................
1
1 ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

9

23

24

Personnel Summary

Executive Operations provides support for USDA policy officials and selected Departmentwide services.
The Office of the Chief Economist advises the Secretary
of Agriculture on the economic implications of Department
policies and programs and proposed legislation. The Office
serves as the single focal point for the Nation’s economic
intelligence and analysis, risk assessment, and cost-benefit
analysis related to domestic and international food and agriculture, and is responsible for coordination and clearance review of all commodity and aggregate agricultural and foodrelated data used to develop outlook and situation material
within the Department.
The National Appeals Division conducts administrative
hearings and reviews of adverse program decisions made by
the Farm Service Agency, the Natural Resources Conservation
Service, and the Rural Housing Service.

Appeal Hearings Held ..................................................................
Hearing Officer Decisions Issued ................................................
Participant Reviews Issued .........................................................
Agency Reviews Issued ...............................................................
Responses to Administrative Inquiries (i.e., Congressional,
FOIA) ........................................................................................
Cases Evaluated for Quality Assurance ......................................
Preparation of Cases for Litigation ............................................

1996 est.

1996 est.

1997 est.

4,115
4,480
1,285
100

4,940
5,375
1,550
150

5,435
5,915
1,705
165

150
0
25

150
400
25

150
430
25

The Office of Budget and Program Analysis provides overall
direction and administration of the Department’s budgetary
functions including: development, presentation, and execution
of the budget; review of program and legislative proposals
for programs and budget implications; and analysis of program issues and alternatives and preparation of summaries
of pertinent data to aid Departmental policy officials and
agency program managers in the decision-making process.
The Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
oversees direction and implementation of Sections 8 and 15
of the Small Business Act and oversees procurement to assure
maximum participation of small and small disadvantaged
businesses.

1995 actual

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

102

1997 est.

272

272

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Financial Officer,
including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section
706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not
to exceed $10,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109,
ø$4,133,000: Provided, That the Chief Financial Officer shall reinstate and market cross-servicing activities of the National Finance
Center: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated or
otherwise made available by this Act shall be used to obtain, modify,
re-engineer, license, operate, implement, or expand commercial offthe-shelf financial management software systems or existing commercial off-the-shelf system financial management contracts, beyond general ledger systems and accounting support software, at the National
Finance Center until thirty legislative days after the Secretary of
Agriculture submits to the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations a complete and thorough cost-benefit analysis and a certification by the Secretary of Agriculture that this analysis provides
a detailed and accurate cost-benefit analysis comparison between obtaining or expanding commercial off-the-shelf software systems and
conducting identical or comparable software systems acquisitions, reengineering, or modifications in-house¿ $4,437,000. (Agricultural,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Chief financial officer ............................................... ...................
4
4
00.02
Chief financial officer, OSEC ....................................
1 ................... ...................
00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
1
Reimbursable program .................................................. ...................

4
1

4
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1

5

5

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

1
–1

5
–5

5
–5

132

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

Intragovernmental funds:

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER—Continued

WORKING CAPITAL FUND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

1995 actual

Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352

1996 est.

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

1997 est.

1996 est.

1997 est.

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

1

5
–5

5
–5

86.90
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................

4
1

4
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

5

5

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
1
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

4
4

4
4

The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) supports
the Chief Financial Officer in carrying out the dual roles
of chief financial management policy officer and chief financial
management advisor to the Secretary and mission area heads.
OCFO provides leadership for all financial management, accounting, travel, Federal assistance, and performance measurement activities within the Department. It is responsible
for the management and operation of the National Finance
Center and the Department Working Capital Fund, and provides budget, accounting, and fiscal services to the Office of
the Secretary, Departmental Staff Offices, Office of Communications and Executive Operations.

1995 actual

1996 est.

11.1
12.1
99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
4
4
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................
1
1
Below reporting threshold ..............................................
1 ................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

3
1

1

3
1

5

5

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352

1995 actual

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
5
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ...................

200

208

1
17
11

2
16
5

1
15
2

01.91

Total purchase of equipment ...............................

29

23

18

Total obligations ........................................................

213

223

226

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

28
193

25
223

25
226

21.90

23.90
23.95
24.90

68.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................

17 ................... ...................
238
–213

248
–223

251
–226

25

25

25

193

223

226

72.90

4
25
25
213
223
226
–175
–223
–226
–17 ................... ...................
25

25

25

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

175

223

226

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

175

223

226

–193

–223

–226

1997 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........ ...................
Civilian personnel benefits ....................................... ...................

99.9

184

01.01
01.03
01.04

Total operating expenses ......................................
Purchase of equipment:
Supply and other central services ............................
National Finance Center ............................................
ADP systems ..............................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0014–0–1–352

21
5
136
46

5

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
1
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

89.00
90.00

20
5
130
45

1

5

1

4

19
6
116
43

10.00

4

Obligations by program activity:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Supply and other central services ............................
00.02
Video and other visual information services ............
00.03
National Finance Center ............................................
00.04
ADP systems ..............................................................
00.91

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
1
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

1001

65

69

17

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–18 ................... ...................

This fund finances by advances or reimbursements certain
central services in the Department of Agriculture, including
duplicating and other visual information services, art and
graphics, video services, supply, centralized accounting systems, centralized automated data processing systems for payroll, personnel, and related services, voucher payments services, and ADP systems. The capital consists of $400 thousand
appropriated (7 U.S.C. 2235), and subsequent appropriations
of $31,838 thousand as of September 30, 1995. Earnings are
kept at a low level through adjustments in rates charged
for services to maintain as nearly as possible the nonprofit
nature of the fund.

13

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............

1994 actual

1995 actual

33

51

1996 est.

51

1997 est.

51

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

1106
1803

Investments in US securities:
Receivables, net .............................
Other Federal assets: Property, plant
and equipment, net ............................

133

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
31

22

22

22

45

43

43

43

109

116

116

116

9

3

3

3

15
13

26
16

26
16

26
16

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

37

45

45

45

72

71

71

71

3999

Total net position ................................

72

71

71

71

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

109

116

116

116

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2101 Federal liabilities: Accounts payable ......
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

Identification code 12–0120–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

11.1
11.3
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

70
2
2

72
2
2

74
2
2

11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Transportation of things ................................................
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ...............................

74
17
2
1
3
2
20
1
53
6
34
213

76
15
2
1
4
2
27
1
62
6
27
223

78
15
2
1
4
2
29
1
65
7
22
226

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

213

223

226

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

Total compensable workyears:
2001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
2005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

2,015
67

1996 est.

2,032
60

1997 est.

2,078
60

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Personnel ...................................................................
6
7 ...................
00.02
Finance and Management .........................................
4 ................... ...................
00.03
Operations .................................................................
3
3 ...................
00.04
Information resources management .........................
6
6 ...................
00.05
Civil rights enforcement ............................................
8
10 ...................
00.06
Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization .......
1 ................... ...................
00.07
Administrative law judges and judicial officer ........
2
2 ...................
00.08
Departmental Administration .................................... ................... ...................
29
00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

30
17

28
11

29
12

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

47

39

41

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

47
–47

40
–39

41
–41

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4609–0–4–352

1995 actual

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
30
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ................................... ...................

29
29
–1 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

30

28

17

11

12

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

47

40

41

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

16
47
–44

19
39
–37

21
41
–41

19

21

21

23
27
5 ...................
17
11

28
1
12

68.00
70.00

29

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

44

37

41

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–17

–11

–12

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

30
29

29
26

29
29

89.00
90.00

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For øPersonnel, Operations, Information Resources Management,
Civil Rights Enforcement, Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Administrative Law Judges and Judicial Officer, Disaster Management and Coordination, and Modernization of the Administrative
Process, $27,986,000¿ Departmental Administration, $29,137,000, to
provide for necessary expenses for management support services to
offices of the Department and for general administration and disaster
management of the Department, repairs and alterations, and other
miscellaneous supplies and expenses not otherwise provided for and
necessary for the practical and efficient work of the Department,
including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section
706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which not
to exceed $10,000 is for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided,
That this appropriation shall be reimbursed from applicable appropriations in this Act for travel expenses incident to the holding of
hearings as required by 5 U.S.C. 551–558. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

Departmental Administration is comprised of activities that
provide staff support to top policy officials and overall direction and coordination of the Department. These activities include Department-wide programs for human resource management, management improvement, occupational safety and
health management, real and personal property management,
procurement, contracting, motor vehicle and aircraft management, supply management, ADP and telecommunications
management, civil rights and equal opportunity, emergency
preparedness, and the regulatory hearing and administrative
proceedings conducted by the Administrative Law Judges, Judicial Officer, and Board of Contract Appeals.
Departmental Administration is also responsible for representing USDA in the development of government-wide policies and initiatives; analyzing the impact of government-wide
trends and developing appropriate USDA principles, policies,
and standards. In addition, Departmental Administration engages in strategic planning and evaluating programs to ensure USDA-wide compliance with applicable laws, rules, and
regulations pertaining to administrative matters for the Secretary and general officers of the Department.

134

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
40.00

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION—Continued
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

1996 est.

25.2
31.0
99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

28
16
3

27
29
10
12
2 ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

47

39

21
3

16

16
15
–16

15
17
–16

16
16
–16

15

16

16

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
16

11
5

11
5

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

86.90
86.93

21
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

16

16

16

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

16
16

16
16

16
16

1997 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Equipment .................................................................

11.1
12.1
23.3

16

89.00
90.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

16

72.40

In FY 1996, Departmental Administration reorganized its
policy development and administrative operational activities.
The reorganization significantly altered the alignment of functions and activities within Departmental Administration. The
previous organization structure divided the departmental administration function into specific program offices, such as
personnel, operations, and civil rights enforcement. The new
organization structure divides the function into policy, program operations, and support for other offices, and is intended
to be more focused and responsive to customer needs.

Identification code 12–0120–0–1–352

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

22
4

1
1
1
2
1
2
1 ................... ...................

Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, the Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act and the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, the
Department has the responsibility to meet the same standards for storage and disposition of hazardous wastes as private businesses. Since the Department has substantial commitments under these Acts, a central fund has been established so that resources may be allocated to the Department’s
agencies. Allocations are made according to objective criteria.
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

41

1995 actual

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–0120–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1001

406

414

414

91

97

97

OGC’S number of new and pending cases reviewed/total number of new and pending projects (number) ...........................
Potential responsible parties settled ..........................................
New sites identified for investigation (number) .........................
Investigations completed ............................................................
Number of Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) planned for removal vs. number of USTs removed ......................................
Leaking Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) on going cleanups
vs. number of leaking USTs completed .................................
HWM cleanup projects planned vs. number of projects completed ......................................................................................
Natural Resource Damages (NRD) assessments initiated vs.
number of assessments completed ........................................

HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................

15

17

16

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

15

17

16

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1
16

1 ...................
16
16

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

17
–15

212
4
104
156

240
10
150
160

275
10
150
170

81/25

30/30

30/30

28/2

35/35

21/21

76/75

85/85

90/90

1/0

2/1

3/2

1995 actual

Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304

For necessary expenses of the Department of Agriculture, to comply
with the requirement of section 107(g) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, as amended, 42
U.S.C. 9607(g), and section 6001 of the Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 6961, $15,700,000, to remain
available until expended: Provided, That appropriations and funds
available herein to the Department for Hazardous Waste Management may be transferred to any agency of the Department for its
use in meeting all requirements pursuant to the above Acts on Federal and non-Federal lands. (42 U.S.C. 6961, et seq., 42 U.S.C. 9601,
et seq.; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

1995 actual

1997 est.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

Identification code 12–0500–0–1–304

1996 est.

17
–17

16
–16

1 ................... ...................

25.2
32.0
99.5

Other services ................................................................
Land and structures ......................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

AGRICULTURE BUILDINGS

AND

1996 est.

1997 est.

12
16
14
2 ................... ...................
1
1
2
15

17

16

FACILITIES øAND RENTAL PAYMENTS¿

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For payment of space rental and related costs pursuant to Public
Law 92–313, including authorities pursuant to the 1984 delegation
of authority from the Administrator of General Services to the Department of Agriculture under 40 U.S.C. 486, for programs and activities of the Department which are included in this Act,
ø$110,187,000¿, $124,048,000 of which ø$20,216,000¿ $20,294,000
shall be retained by the Department for the operation, maintenance,
and repair of Agriculture buildings: Provided, That in the event an
agency within the Department should require modification of space
needs, the Secretary of Agriculture may transfer a share of that
agency’s appropriation made available by this Act to this appropriation, or may transfer a share of this appropriation to that agency’s
appropriation, but such transfers shall not exceed 5 percent of the
funds made available for space rental and related costs to or from
this account. In addition, for construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities as
necessary to carry out the programs of the Department, where not
otherwise provided, $25,587,000, to remain available until expended;
making a total appropriation of ø$135,774,000¿ $149,635,000. (7

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
U.S.C. 2201, 2202, 2208; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Rental payments to GSA: Non-recurring repairs ......
00.02
Building operations and maintenance ......................
00.03
Beltsville renovation and repair ................................
00.04
Strategic Space Plan .................................................

90
19
3
4

1996 est.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

91
104
23
20
10 ...................
50
26

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

116
2

174
3

150
3

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

118

177

1995 actual

Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352

1996 est.

1997 est.

4
1
90

4
1
91

4
1
104

25.2

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................

4
17

16
62

6
35

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

116
2

174
3

150
3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

118

177

153

11.1
12.1
23.1
23.3

1997 est.

135

153

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0117–0–1–352

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

1001
20
137

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

157
–118

177
–177

153
–153

38 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

38 ...................
139
153

135

150

2

3

3

137

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

136

139

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 est.

82

82

ADVISORY COMMITTEES (USDA)
For necessary expenses for activities of advisory committees of the
Department of Agriculture which are included in this Act, ø$650,000¿
$706,000: Provided, That no other funds appropriated to the Department in this Act shall be available to the Department for support
of activities of advisory committees. (Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1996.)

153

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0118–0–1–352

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

82

1996 est.

1996 est.

1997 est.

87.00

55
153
–151

9

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

9
177
–131
55

130

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–2

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

Obligations by program activity:
USDA advisory committees ............................................

1

1

1

10.00

Total obligations (object class 11.1) ........................

1

1

1

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

1
–1

1
–1

1
–1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

1

1

1

1
–1

1
–1

1
–1

1

1

1

57

117
11
2

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

00.01

40.00

21
118
–130

107
21
3
131

–3

119
29
3
151

–3

73.10
73.20
74.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

136
128

150
148

This account finances the General Services Administration’s
fees for rental of space and related services. The appropriation
covers all fees for all regular appropriated accounts within
the Department of Agriculture with the exception of the Forest Service. This account also finances the operation and
maintenance of four buildings in the Headquarters area.
Beginning in fiscal year 1995, the account included funds
for its strategic space plan. Funding to continue the plan
was provided in the 1996 appropriation. The fiscal year 1997
request includes the final installment for activities associated
with completing and occupying the new Beltsville Office Facility and for the first installation of the South Building modernization program.

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

1

1

1

87.00

135
128

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1

1

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

The Federal Advisory Committee Act (Public Law 92–463)
was passed in 1972 to recognize a means by which committees
and similar groups provide expert advice to officers of the
Federal Government. This account provides for direction and
financial support of all authorized Department of Agriculture
advisory committee activities other than those included in
the Forest Service or financed by other than appropriated
funds.
Personnel Summary

WORKLOAD INDICATORS
Indicators:
Maintenance and Repairs:
Minor Repairs (number) .....................................................
Maintenance (hours) ..........................................................
Service Calls (number) .......................................................

1995 actual

187
20,220
11,000

1996 est.

125
19,250
11,000

1997 est.

300
19,000
11,500

Identification code 12–0118–0–1–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

15

1996 est.

15

1997 est.

15

136

OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS
Federal Funds

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS
General and special funds:
OFFICE

OF

COMMUNICATIONS

For necessary expenses to carry on services relating to the coordination of programs involving public affairs, for the dissemination of
agricultural information, and the coordination of information, work,
and programs authorized by Congress in the Department,
ø$8,198,000¿ $8,317,000, including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C.
2225), of which not to exceed $10,000 shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, and not to exceed $2,000,000 may be
used for farmers’ bulletins. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)

1995 actual

00.01
01.01
10.00

22.00
23.95

1996 est.

1996 est.

1997 est.

11.1
12.1
25.2

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Other services ............................................................

6
6
6
1
1
1
1 ................... ...................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

8
3
1

7
3
1

7
3
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

12

11

11

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352

1001

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352

1995 actual

Identification code 12–0150–0–1–352

Federal Funds

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

101

1996 est.

1997 est.

106

106

1997 est.

OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program: Public affairs .......................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

9
3

Total obligations ........................................................

12

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

12
–12

8
3
11

11
–11

8
3
11

11
–11

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

8
8
8
1 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

9

8

8

3

3

3

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

12

11

11

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

12
–12

11
–11

11
–11

86.90
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

9
3

8
3

8
3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

12

11

11

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–3

–3

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
OFFICE

OF THE

INSPECTOR GENERAL

For necessary expenses of the Office of the Inspector General, including employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a)
of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and the Inspector General
Act of 1978, as amended, ø$63,639,000¿ $64,523,000, including such
sums as may be necessary for contracting and other arrangements
with public agencies and private persons pursuant to section 6(a)(9)
of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, including a sum
not to exceed $50,000 for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109; and
including a sum not to exceed ø$95,000¿ $125,000 for certain confidential operational expenses including the payment of informants,
to be expended under the direction of the Inspector General pursuant
to Public Law 95–452 and section 1337 of Public Law 97–98: Provided, That funds transferred to the Office of the Inspector General
through forfeiture proceedings or from the Department of Justice
Assets Forfeiture Fund or the Department of the Treasury Forfeiture
Fund, as a participating agency, as an equitable share from the
forfeiture of property in investigations in which the Office of Inspector
General participates, or through the granting of a Petition for Remission or Mitigation, shall be deposited to the credit of this account
for law enforcement activities authorized under the Inspector General
Act of 1978, as amended, to remain available until expended. (7
U.S.C. 450b, 2201, 2202, 2220, 2270; Public Law 100–504; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

–3

68.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

9
9

8
8

8
8

Public affairs.—This office provides general direction, leadership, and coordination of the Department’s information program. The major objective is to provide a balanced and useful
information program that reports on USDA’s research, administrative action, and regulatory activities using all communications media in order to enable the general public and
the agricultural industry to have a better understanding of
agriculture’s services to farmers and to society.
WORKLOAD INDICATORS
1995 actual

Media organizations receiving USDA Information .......................
Broadcasters served by USDA products ......................................
Tours conducted by USDA Visitors Center ..................................
Photographic images converted to CD .......................................
Monthly meetings with Public Affairs Directors to share information on communications management ..............................

1996 est.

1997 est.

1,000
2,488
1,000
10,000

1,050
2,612
1,100
13,000

1,103
2,743
1,210
13,000

6

12

18

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

63
1

64
1

65
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

64

65

66

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

64
–64

65
–65

66
–66

63

64

65

1

1

1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

64

65

66

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................

8
64

10
65

10
66

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

72.40

OFFICE OF THE GENERAL COUNSEL
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
73.20
74.40

Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

–62

–65

–66

10

10

10

Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

26
2

28
2

29
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

28

30

30

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

28
–28

30
–30

30
–30

26

28

29

2

2

1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

28

30

30

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1
28
–28

1
30
–30

1
30
–30

1

1

1

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

57
5
1

58
6
1

59
6
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

62

65

66

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–1

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

63
62

64
64

65
65

89.00
90.00

The Office keeps the Secretary and Congress informed
about fraud, other serious problems, mismanagement, and
deficiencies in Department programs and operations, recommends corrective action, and reports on the progress made
in correcting the problems. It reviews existing and proposed
legislation and regulations and makes recommendations to
the Secretary and Congress regarding the impact these laws
have on the Department’s programs and the prevention and
detection of fraud and mismanagement in such programs.
The Office provides policy direction and conducts, supervises,
and coordinates all audits and investigations. The office supervises and coordinates other activities in the Department
and between the Department and other Federal, State and
local government agencies whose purposes are to: (a) promote
economy and efficiency; (b) prevent and detect fraud and mismanagement; and (c) identify and prosecute people involved
in fraud or mismanagement.

1995 actual

11.1
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1996 est.

39
4

39
4

41
11
5

43
11
5

43
12
5

25.2

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

59
1
4

61
1
3

62
1
3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

64

65

66

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

777
30

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

1996 est.

811
30

1997 est.

1997 est.

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

25
1
2

27
1
2

27
1
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

28

30

30

–2

–2

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

26
26

28
28

29
29

89.00
90.00

The Office of the General Counsel of the Department of
Agriculture provides all legal advice, counsel, and services
to the Secretary and to all agencies, offices, and corporations
of the Department on all aspects of their operations. It represents the Department in administrative proceedings;
nonlitigation debt collection proceedings; state water rights
adjudications; proceedings before the Environmental Protection Agency, Interstate Commerce Commission, Federal Maritime Administration and International Trade Commission;
and, in conjunction with the Department of Justice, in judicial
proceedings and litigation. All attorneys and related support
personnel of the Department are under the supervision of
the General Counsel. The FY 1997 request includes funding
for additional staff.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

811
30

OFFICE OF THE GENERAL COUNSEL
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
OF THE

1996 est.

72.40

Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352

OFFICE

1995 actual

1997 est.

38
3

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0900–0–1–352

137

GENERAL COUNSEL

For necessary expenses of the Office of the General Counsel,
ø$27,860,000¿ $29,249,000. (7 U.S.C. 2201; 2202, 2214a; Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

1995 actual

25.2
31.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
20
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
4
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
1
Other services ............................................................
1
Equipment ................................................................. ...................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
26
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
2
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

11.1
12.1
23.3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

28

1996 est.

1997 est.

21
4

22
4

1
1
1

1
1
1

28
29
1
1
1 ...................
30

30

138

OFFICE OF THE GENERAL COUNSEL—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
OFFICE

OF THE

GENERAL COUNSEL—Continued
Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2300–0–1–352

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

381

343

370

25

19

10

vate decisions on agriculture, food, natural resources, and
rural America.
Miscellaneous funds received from States, local organizations, and others are available for support of economic research and analysis (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b).
The FY 1997 request includes funding for pesticide data
analysis and for expanding current surveys to link economic
and environmental data, improving farm income financial performance measures and measuring chemical use at the State
level.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Federal Funds
11.1
11.3

General and special funds:
ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

54
9

53
7

55
7

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

63

60

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

63
–63

60
–60

62
–62

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

31
1

32
1

25.5
26.0
31.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

54
8
1

51
7
2

52
7
3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

63

60

62

25.2
25.3

54

53

55

9

7
60

62

1
2

1 ...................
3
3

5
6
7
4
1
1
1 ................... ...................
2
1
1

1995 actual

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

1001

584

579

579

45

41

41

7

63

31
32
33
6
6
6
1 ................... ...................
1
1
1

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352

6
6
6
63
60
62
–61
–60
–61
–1 ................... ...................
6

6

6

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

47
5
9

48
5
7

50
5
7

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

61

60

61

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–9

–7

–7

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

54
52

53
53

55
54

89.00
90.00

30
1

1997 est.

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Research and development contracts .......................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

62

22.00
23.95

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1996 est.

99.0
99.0
99.5

For necessary expenses of the Economic Research Service in conducting economic research and analysis, as authorized by the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621–1627) and other laws,
ø$53,131,000¿ $54,947,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall
be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225). (7 U.S.C.
292, 411, 427, 1441a, 1704, 1761–68, 2201, 2202, 3103, 3291, 3311,
3504; 22 U.S.C. 3101; 42 U.S.C. 1891–93; 44 U.S.C. 3501–11; 50
U.S.C. 2061 et seq., 2251 et seq.; Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1996.)

1995 actual

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1701–0–1–352

ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE

The Economic Research Service produces economic and
other social science research and analysis for public and pri-

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS
SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE
For necessary expenses of the National Agricultural Statistics Service in conducting statistical reporting and service work, including
crop and livestock estimates, statistical coordination and improvements, øand¿ marketing surveys and the census of agriculture notwithstanding 13 USC 142(a)–(b), as authorized by the Agricultural
Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621–1627) and other laws,
ø$81,107,000¿ $102,624,000, of which up to $17,500,000 shall be
available until expended for the census of agriculture: Provided, That
this appropriation shall be available for employment pursuant to
the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944
(7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $40,000 shall be available for
employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109. (7 U.S.C. 411, 411a, 411b, 427,
471, 475, 476, 501, 951, 953, 955–57, 2201, 2202, 2248, 3103, 3311,
3504; 18 U.S.C. 1902, 1905, 2072; 42 U.S.C. 1891–93; 44 U.S.C.
3501–11; 50 U.S.C. 2061 et seq., 2251 et seq.; Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1996.)

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

Miscellaneous funds received from local organizations, commodity groups, and others are available for dissemination
of reports and for crop and livestock survey work under cooperative agreements (7 U.S.C. 450b, 450h, 3318b).

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Agricultural estimates ...............................................
77
77
00.02
Statistical research and service ...............................
4
4
00.03
Census of Agriculture ................................................ ................... ...................

81
4
18

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

81
8

81
8

103
8

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

90

90

111

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

90
–90

90
–90

111
–111

81

81

103

25.2
25.3

8

8

8

90

90

111

25.7
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

99.0
99.0
99.5
99.9

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

16
11
13
90
90
111
–93
–87
–107
–2 ................... ...................
11

13

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

72
12
8

72
9
8

91
9
8

87.00

93

87

107

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–7
–2

–7
–2

–7
–2

88.90

–8

–8

–8

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1997 est.

40
1
1

41
1
1

48
1
1

42
9
1

42
9
1

50
11
2

3
17

3
17

4
24

4
1
1
2

4
1
1
2

4
1
1
3

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

80
8
3

81
7
3

100
8
3

Total obligations ........................................................

90

90

111

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1801–0–1–352

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

1996 est.

17

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

139

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

1,012
1

1,002
1

1,130
1

99

99

99

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:

81
84

81
79

103
99

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

Agricultural estimates.—The Service provides the official
National and State estimates of acreage, yield, and production
of crops, stocks, and value of farm commodities, and numbers
of inventory values of livestock items. Data on approximately
120 crops and 45 livestock products are covered in nearly
400 reports issued each year. Detailed data are also collected
on agricultural chemical use, labor, and expenditures. Data
collected and published on prices paid and received by farmers are basic to computation of farm program payments.
The work under this activity is conducted through 45 State
offices serving the 50 States; most of these offices are operated as joint State and Federal services. Cooperative arrangements with State agencies provide additional State and county data. The 1997 program includes increases of $1,000,000
for additional pesticide data, $1,500,000 for integrated pest
management, and $600,000 for post-harvest pesticide data.
Statistical research and service.—This activity is designed
to improve agricultural estimating techniques by improving
sample survey designs and procedures and by testing new
forecasting and estimating techniques, such as the use of
satellite data.
Census of Agriculture.—In 1997, the census of agriculture,
formerly conducted by the Department of Commerce, is proposed for transfer to the Department of Agriculture.

For necessary expenses to enable the Agricultural Research Service
to perform agricultural research and demonstration relating to production, utilization, marketing, and distribution (not otherwise provided for); home economics or nutrition and consumer use including
the acquisition, preservation, and dissemination of agricultural information; and for acquisition of lands by donation, exchange, or purchase at a nominal cost not to exceed $100, ø$710,000,000¿
$726,353,000: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for temporary employment pursuant to the second sentence of
section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not
to exceed $115,000 shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C.
3109: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase
of not to exceed one for replacement only: Provided further, That
appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to 7 U.S.C.
2250 for the construction, alteration, and repair of buildings and
improvements, but unless otherwise provided the cost of constructing
any one building shall not exceed $250,000, except for headhouses
or greenhouses which shall each be limited to $1,000,000, and except
for ten buildings to be constructed or improved at a cost not to
exceed $500,000 each, and the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the building or $250,000, whichever is greater: Provided further, That the limitations on alterations contained in this
Act shall not apply to modernization or replacement of existing facilities at Beltsville, Maryland: Provided further, That the foregoing limitations shall not apply to replacement of buildings needed to carry

140

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

out the Act of April 24, 1948 (21 U.S.C. 113a): øProvided further,
That the foregoing limitations shall not apply to the purchase of
land at Beckley, West Virginia:¿ Provided further, That not to exceed
$190,000 of this appropriation may be transferred to and merged
with the appropriation for the Office of the Under Secretary for
Research, Education and Economics for the scientific review of international issues involving agricultural chemicals and food additives:
Provided further, That funds may be received from any State, other
political subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of
establishing or operating any research facility or research project
of the Agricultural Research Service, as authorized by lawø:Provided
further, That all rights and title of the United States in the property
known as USDA Houma Sugar Cane Research Laboratory, consisting
of approximately 20 acres in the City of Houma and 150 acres of
farmland in Chacahula, Louisiana, including facilities and equipment,
shall be conveyed to the American Sugar Cane League Foundation:
Provided further, That all rights and title of the United States in
the Agricultural Research Station at Brawley, California, consisting
of 80 acres of land, including facilities and equipment, shall be conveyed to Imperial County, California: Provided further, That all rights
and title of the United States in the Pecan Genetics and Improvement
Research Laboratory, consisting of 84.2 acres of land, including facilities and equipment, shall be conveyed to Texas A&M University:
Provided further, That the property originally conveyed by the State
of Tennessee to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural
Research Service, in Lewisburg, Tennessee be conveyed to the University of Tennessee¿.
None of the funds in the foregoing paragraph shall be available
to carry out research related to the production, processing or marketing of tobacco or tobacco products. (7 U.S.C. 328, 427, 427i, 1281
note, 1621, 2201, 2204, 2225, 2250, 3101 note; 10 U.S.C. 2306; 16
U.S.C. 590(a)–590(b), 590(k); 18 U.S.C. 1114; 19 U.S.C. 1306(a),
1306(c); 20 U.S.C. 191–194; 21 U.S.C. 113a, 114c, 114e–131; 42 U.S.C.
1476(e), 1483; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Research on soil and water conservation ................
00.02
Research on plant science ........................................
00.03
Research on animal science .....................................
00.04
Research on commodity conversion and delivery
00.05
Human nutrition research .........................................
00.06
Integration of agricultural systems ..........................
00.07
Repair and maintenance of facilities .......................
00.08
Contingencies ............................................................
00.11
Agricultural Information and Library Services ..........

81
243
114
141
61
34
18
1
18

84
239
112
143
63
31
18
1
19

88
248
112
145
63
32
18
1
19

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

711
38

710
43

726
43

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

749

753

769

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

752
753
769
–3 ................... ...................
749
–749

753
–753

769
–769

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.35
Appropriation rescinded ............................................

715
710
726
–1 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

714

710

726

38

43

43

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

752

753

769

68.00
70.00

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98
87.00

184
749
–745

188
753
–753

188
769
–766

188

188

190

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
565
568
581
Outlays from current balances ......................................
142
142
142
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
38 ................... ...................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................
43
43
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

745

753

766

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–33
–5

–39
–4

–39
–4

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–38

–43

–43

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

714
707

710
710

726
723

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
[In millions of dollars]

Enacted/requested:
1995 actual
Budget Authority .....................................................................
715
Outlays ....................................................................................
707
Supplemental proposal:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

715
707

1996 est.

1997 est.

710
710

726
724

2 ....................
2 ....................
712
712

726
724

The Agricultural Research Service conducts research to provide the means for a safer, more economical supply of agricultural products for the Nation and to provide producers with
technologies to competitively supply these products. Technology needs of regulatory, technical assistance and education
agencies of USDA and other Federal agencies are supported
through ARS research. The Service uses coordinated, interdisciplinary approaches to perform basic and applied research
on soil and water conservation, plant and animal sciences,
commodity conversion and delivery, human nutrition, and integrated agricultural systems. In 1997, the Service proposes
increased emphases for critical research needs in agriculture,
such as: food safety, integrated pest management, agricultural
biodiversity, biocontrol of pests and soil biology, integrated
farming systems, finding alternatives to methyl bromide, restoration of the South Florida Everglades ecosystem, biomass
research, and increased support for the joint U.S.-Israel agricultural research and development activities.
Research on soil and water conservation.—Research is conducted to improve soil and water management, irrigation,
and conservation practices; to protect natural resources from
harmful effects of soil, air, and water pollutants and to minimize certain agricultural pollution problems; and to determine
the relation of soil types and water to plant, animal, and
human nutrition.
Research on plant science.—Research is conducted to increase plant productivity by improving plant varieties, developing new crop resources, and improving crop production
practices, including methods to control plant diseases, nematodes, insects, and weeds.
Research on animal science.—Research is conducted to increase livestock productivity (including poultry) through improved breeding, feeding, and management practices, and to
develop methods for controlling diseases, parasites, and insect
pests affecting these animals.

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Research on commodity conversion and delivery.—Research
is conducted to develop new and improved foods, feeds, products, and processes for agricultural commodities and to improve the processing, transportation, storage, wholesaling,
and retailing of products. Research is also conducted on
means to ensure the safety of food and feed supplies, control
insect pests of man and his belongings, and reduce the hazards to human life resulting from pesticide residues and other
causes.
Human nutrition research.—Research is conducted on subjects such as human nutritional requirements and the composition and nutritive value of foods, to promote optimum
human health through improved nutrition.
Integration of agricultural systems.—Research is conducted
to develop integrated systems for efficiently producing, processing, and marketing agricultural products, and to develop
alternative agricultural systems that are less dependent upon
nonrenewable resources and that are productive, efficient, and
sustainable in the long term.
Agricultural information and library services.—The National Agricultural Library provides a variety of information
products and services through: (1) the administration of a
unique collection of books, journals, and other information
materials about food and agriculture to ensure accessibility
to their contents; (2) the development and maintenance of
cooperative efforts in the library and related information
areas, with other Federal agencies and with educational institutions in each State; and (3) an active program of information dissemination.
Repair and maintenance of facilities.—Funds are used to
restore, upgrade, and maintain Federal facilities to meet
OSHA and EPA requirements, provide suitable workspace for
in-house research programs, and to retrofit existing structures
for better energy utilization.
Contingencies.—Funds available to meet urgent needs that
develop unexpectedly during the year when such needs cannot
be met by redirection of resources from other projects.
Reimbursements.—Agricultural Research Service performs
program research activities and services for other USDA, Federal, and non-Federal agencies. These activities and services
are paid for on a reimbursable basis.

11.1
11.3
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

307
23
8

319
24
8

316
71
13
2
1

338
75
13
1
1

351
81
13
1
1

29
1
1
24

29
1
1
18

29
1
1
21

25.4
25.5
25.7
25.8
26.0
31.0
32.0
41.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Advisory and assistance services .............................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
Research and development contracts .......................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Subsistence and support of persons ........................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

4
28
98
8
1
59
41
3
11

4
28
88
7
1
52
40
3
10

4
28
76
7
1
57
41
3
10

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

711
38

710
43

726
43

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

749

753

769

24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

BUILDINGS

AND

1996 est.

1997 est.

7,488
46

7,749
46

7,749
46

85

85

85

FACILITIES

For acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities as necessary to carry out the agricultural research programs of the Department of Agriculture, where not otherwise provided, ø$30,200,000¿
$80,100,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b):
Provided, That funds may be received from any State, other political
subdivision, organization, or individual for the purpose of establishing
any research facility of the Agricultural Research Service, as authorized by law. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

27

35

79

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

54
47

74
30

69
80

101
–27

104
–35

149
–79

74

69

70

10.00

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

40.00
40.36
42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
Unobligated balance rescinded .....................................
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

47

30

80

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

47

30

80

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

40
27
–39

28
35
–45

18
79
–55

28

18

40

44
30
80
–2 ................... ...................
5 ................... ...................

72.40

287
21
8

11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3

Personnel Summary

70.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1400–0–1–352

141

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

6
33

5
40

20
35

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

39

45

55

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

47
39

30
45

80
55

This account provides funds for acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alterations, and
purchases of fixed equipment or facilities of or used by the
Agricultural Research Service. The 1997 request provides for
the continuing modernization and renovation efforts at the
Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD; Regional Utilization Centers at Peoria, IL; Albany, CA; Philadelphia, PA; and Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Greenport,
NY; Subtropical Agricultural Research Laboratory, Weslaco,
TX; and construction of new replacement laboratories at Ft.
Pierce, FL; and Parlier, CA. The request also provides for

142

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

BUILDINGS

AND

FACILITIES—Continued

construction of a new facility in Ft. Lauderdale, FL as part
of the Administration’s Everglades initiatives.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1401–0–1–352

1996 est.

1997 est.

25.2
32.0
41.0

Other services ................................................................
Land and structures ......................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

13
11
3

Total obligations ........................................................

27

35

11.9
12.1
25.2
25.3

3
1
4

3
1
5

2
2
1
1

2
2
1
1

2
2
1
1

Total obligations ........................................................

13

14

15

21
28
11
51
3 ...................

99.9

3
1
3

26.0
31.0
99.5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Other services ................................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

General and special funds—Continued

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352

79

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

67

1997 est.

67

67

Trust Funds

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH,
EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE

MISCELLANEOUS CONTRIBUTED FUNDS
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

Federal Funds

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Science and Education Administration contributed
funds .........................................................................
14
14
15
Appropriation:
05.01 Miscellaneous contributed funds ...................................
–14
–14
–15
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

13

14

15

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

8
14

9
14

9
15

22
–13

23
–14

24
–15

9

9

9

14

14

15

3
13
–12

4
14
–13

5
15
–13

4

5

6

10.00

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

60.27

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

9
3

10
3

10
3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

12

13

13

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

14
12

14
13

15
13

General and special funds:
RESEARCH

AND

EDUCATION ACTIVITIES

For payments to agricultural experiment stations, for cooperative
forestry and other research, for facilities, and for other expenses,
including $168,734,000 to carry into effect the provisions of the Hatch
Act (7 U.S.C. 361a–361i); $20,497,000 for grants for cooperative forestry research (16 U.S.C. 582a–582–a7); $27,735,000 for payments
to the 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University (7
U.S.C. 3222); ø$49,846,000¿ $5,599,000 for special grants for agricultural research (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)); ø$9,769,000¿ $24,738,000 for special
grants for agricultural research on improved pest control (7 U.S.C.
450i(c)); ø$96,735,000¿ $130,000,000 for competitive research grants
(7 U.S.C. 450i(b)); $5,051,000 for the support of animal health and
disease programs (7 U.S.C. 3195); $650,000 for supplemental and
alternative crops and products (7 U.S.C. 3319d); ø$500,000 for grants
for research pursuant to the Critical Agricultural Materials Act of
1984 (7 U.S.C. 178) and section 1472 of the Food and Agriculture
Act of 1977, as amended (7 U.S.C. 3318), to remain available until
expended;¿ $475,000 for rangeland research grants (7 U.S.C. 3331–
3336); $3,500,000 for higher education graduate fellowships grants
(7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(6)), to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C.
2209(b); $4,350,000 for higher education challenge grants (7 U.S.C.
3152(b)(1)); $1,000,000 for a higher education minority scholars program (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(5)), to remain available until expended (7
U.S.C. 2209b); $1,500,000 for a Hispanic-Serving Institutions Education Partnership Grants Program (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(i)), to strengthen
resident instruction at colleges and universities, including two-year
community colleges, that have at least 25 percent Hispanic enrollment;
$4,000,000 for aquaculture grants (7 U.S.C. 3322); $8,100,000 for
sustainable agriculture research and education (7 U.S.C. 5811);
$9,200,000 for a program of capacity building grants to colleges eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C.
321–326 and 328), including Tuskegee University, to remain available
until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); $1,450,000 for payments to the
1994 Institutions pursuant to section 534(a)(1) of Public Law 103–
382; and ø$10,337,000¿ $1,993,000 for necessary expenses of Research
and Education Activities, of which not to exceed $100,000 shall be
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109; in all, ø$421,929,000.¿
$418,572,000.
None of the funds in the foregoing paragraph shall be available
to carry out research related to the production, processing or marketing of tobacco or tobacco products.
NATIVE AMERICAN INSTITUTIONS ENDOWMENT FUND

Miscellaneous contributed funds received from States, local
organizations, individuals, and others are available for work
under cooperative agreements on research activities.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8214–0–7–352

11.1

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................

1995 actual

3

For establishment of a Native American institutions endowment
fund, as authorized by Public Law 130–382 (7 U.S.C. 301 note),
$4,600,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies, Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

1996 est.

1997 est.

3

Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352

3

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Receipts:
Federal payment, Native American Institutions Endowment Fund ................................................................. ...................
5
5
Appropriation:
05.01 Cooperative state research activities ............................ ...................
–5
–5
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
02.01

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Payments under the Hatch Act .................................
171
00.02
Cooperative forestry research ....................................
21
00.03
Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University
28
00.04
Special research grants ............................................
78
00.05
National research initiative competitive grants .......
101
00.06
Animal health and disease research ........................
5
00.07
Federal administration ..............................................
19
00.08
Higher education .......................................................
9
00.09
Native American Institutions Endowment Fund ........ ...................

169
20
28
73
97
5
20
10
5

169
20
28
44
130
5
11
12
5

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

432
9

427
16

424
16

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

441

443

440

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
21.40

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

1 ................... ...................
441
443
440
442
–441

443
–443

440
–440

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
432
40.25
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) .................... ...................

422
5

419
5

43.00

427

424

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

432

9

16

16

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

441

443

440

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

407
441
–446

402
443
–459

386
440
–424

402

386

402

68.00
70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

216
221
9

217
226
16

216
192
16

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

446

459

424

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–9

–16

–16

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

432
437

427
443

424
408

89.00
90.00

Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service participates in a nationwide system of agricultural research and education program planning and coordination between State institutions and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It assists in maintaining cooperation among the State
institutions, and between the State institutions and their Federal research partners. The Agency administers grants and
payments to State institutions to supplement State and local
funding for agricultural research and higher education.
Payments under the Hatch Act.—Funds under the Hatch
Act are allocated on a formula basis to agricultural experi-

143

ment stations of the land-grant colleges in the 50 States,
the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Micronesia, and Northern Mariana
Islands.
Cooperative forestry research.—These funds are allocated by
formula to land-grant colleges or agricultural experiment stations in the 50 States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands,
and other State-supported colleges and universities having
a forestry school and offering graduate training in forestry
sciences.
Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University.—Funds
allocated on a formula basis support agricultural research
and broaden the curricula at the seventeen 1890 land-grant
colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Special research grants.—This program addresses research
areas of national interest. Increased funding is proposed for
grant programs in integrated pest management/biological control and pesticide clearance. Funding is also proposed for
emerging pest and disease issues, pesticide impact assessment
and sustainable agriculture. Advances in these areas will provide producers with safe, alternative pest control methods
resulting in more farmers increasing the number of acres
on which Integrated Pest Management (IPM) methods are
used. The program goal is the implementation of IPM methods on 75 percent of crop acreage by the year 2000. Funding
proposed for pesticide clearance and minor use animal drugs
will address the growing need for registration of safe pesticides and drugs for minor crops and animals and lead to
reduced levels of chemical and drug residues in food products
by half. A grant program for global change is proposed for
research at universities as part of a coordinated Federal initiative. Funding is also proposed for water quality, the National Biological Impact Assessment Program, rural development centers, aquaculture centers, rangeland research, energy
biomass/biofuels research, and supplemental and alternative
crops.
National research initiative competitive grants.—Funding is
being proposed for the National Initiative for Research on
Agriculture, Food, and the Environment (NRI). Research scientists throughout the U.S. scientific community compete for
funding under this program. The performance goal has been
to attract the widest possible involvement of U.S. scientists
in agricultural research to increase the knowledge base related to U.S. agriculture, food, and the environment and maintain world leadership in agricultural science and engineering.
NRI funding has resulted in increased participation by universities which are not traditionally considered agricultural
schools and of highly skilled researchers in projects addressing agricultural issues. These grants support research in
plants and animals; natural resources and the environment;
nutrition, food safety, and health; markets, trade, and rural
development; and processing for adding value or developing
new products. This initiative includes funding for a plant
genome mapping program for which the Agricultural Research
Service serves as the lead agency. Global change research
being carried out through the NRI is part of a governmentwide program developed by the Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences. In 1995, NRI funding supported 783
grants and it is estimated approximately the same number
will be funded in 1996. The 1997 request would support approximately 1,054 grants.
Animal health and disease research.—Funds, distributed by
formula, support livestock and poultry disease research in
sixty-seven colleges of veterinary medicine and in eligible agricultural experiment stations.
Federal administration.—A coordinating and review staff
assists in maintaining cooperation within and among the
States, and between the States and their Federal research
partners. This staff also administers research and education
grants and payments to States. Federal administration is

144

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

wise provided, $57,838,000, to remain available until expended (7
U.S.C. 2209b).¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

NATIVE AMERICAN INSTITUTIONS ENDOWMENT FUND—Continued

funded from a combination of program set-asides from formula and grant programs and from direct appropriation for
administration. Funding is proposed for a capacity building
program at the 1890 institutions as part of a USDA initiative
to strengthen these institutions through a broadening of curricula, increased faculty development and student research
projects. Proposed funding would support approximately 49
teaching and research grants.
Higher education.—Funding is proposed for graduate fellowships grants, competitive challenge grants, Hispanic education
partnership grants, a multicultural scholars program and a
Native American institutions program. Proposed funding for
all higher education programs would support approximately
94 grants. These programs will enable universities to broaden
their curricula; increase faculty development; student research projects; and the number of new scholars recruited
in the food and agricultural sciences. In addition, an increased
number of graduate students, including minority graduate
students, will be enrolled in the agricultural sciences.
Reimbursable program.—Funds support basic and applied
agriculture research and activities performed for other USDA,
Federal, and non-Federal agencies.
Native American Institutions Endowment Fund.—This program provides for an endowment for the 1994 land-grant institutions (29 Tribally controlled colleges) to strengthen the
infrastructure of these institutions and develop Indian expertise for the food and agricultural sciences and businesses and
their own communities. At the termination of each fiscal year,
the Secretary shall withdraw the income from the endowment
fund for the fiscal year, and after making adjustments for
the cost of administering the fund, distribute the adjusted
income on a formula basis to the 1994 land-grant institutions.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352

41.0
99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
432
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
9
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

25.2
25.3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

9
10
10
2
2
2
1
1
1
1 ................... ...................
1
1

1
1

1
1

2 ................... ...................
415
411
407

441

1995 actual

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

71

67 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

20
61

9 ...................
58 ...................

81
–71

64 ...................
–67 ...................

10.00

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

9 ................... ...................

61

58 ...................

122
71
–37

156
171
67 ...................
–52
–55

156

171

72.40

116

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

6
31

3 ...................
49
55

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

37

52

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

61
37

58 ...................
52
55

55

426
16
1

422
16
2

443

440

1996 est.

1997 est.

[In millions of dollars]

Enacted/requested:
1995 actual
Budget Authority .....................................................................
61
Outlays ....................................................................................
37
Rescission proposal:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

61
37

1996 est.

1997 est.

58 ....................
52
55
–12 ....................
–1
–1
46 ....................
51
54

Funds provide grants to States and other eligible recipients
for the acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement,
extension, alteration and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities to carry out agricultural research, extension, and
teaching programs. No funding is proposed in 1997.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

202
2

9

197
2

9

205
2

9

11.1
25.2
41.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
1
Other services ................................................................ ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
70
Total obligations ........................................................

AND FACILITIES¿

øFor acquisition of land, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities and
for grants to States and other eligible recipients for such purposes,
as necessary to carry out the agricultural research, extension, and
teaching programs of the Department of Agriculture, where not other-

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352

99.9

øBUILDINGS

1996 est.

1997 est.

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1500–0–1–352

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

11.1
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.3

1996 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

71

1996 est.

1997 est.

1 ...................
1 ...................
65 ...................
67 ...................

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1501–0–1–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

10

1996 est.

1997 est.

10 ...................

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
EXTENSION ACTIVITIES
Payments to States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam,
the Virgin Islands, Micronesia, Northern Marianas, and American
Samoa: For payments for cooperative extension work under the
Smith-Lever Act, as amended, to be distributed under sections 3(b)
and 3(c) of said Act, and under section 208(c) of Public Law 93–
471, for retirement and employees’ compensation costs for extension
agents and for costs of penalty mail for cooperative extension agents
and State extension directors, $268,493,000; payments for the nutrition and family education program for low-income areas under section
3(d) of the Act, $60,510,000; payments for the pest management program under section 3(d) of the Act, ø$10,783,000¿ $15,000,000; payments for the farm safety program under section 3(d) of the Act,
ø$2,943,000¿ $988,000; payments for the pesticide impact assessment
program under section 3(d) of the Act, $3,313,000; payments to upgrade 1890 land-grant college research, extension, and teaching facilities as authorized by section 1447 of Public Law 95–113, as amended
(7 U.S.C. 3222b), $7,782,000, to remain available until expended;
payments for the rural development centers under section 3(d) of
the Act, $936,000; payments for a groundwater quality program under
section 3(d) of the Act, $11,065,000; payments for the agricultural
telecommunications program, as authorized by Public Law 101–624
(7 U.S.C. 5926), $1,203,000; payments for youth-at-risk programs
under section 3(d) of the Act, $9,850,000; payments for a food safety
program under section 3(d) of the Act, $2,438,000; payments for carrying out the provisions of the Renewable Resources Extension Act
of 1978, $3,291,000; payments for Indian reservation agents under
section 3(d) of the Act, $1,724,000; payments for sustainable agriculture programs under section 3(d) of the Act, $3,411,000; payments
for rural health and safety education as authorized by section 2390
of Public Law 101–624 (7 U.S.C. 2661 note, 2662), $2,709,000; payments for cooperative extension work by the colleges receiving the
benefits of the second Morrill Act (7 U.S.C. 321–326, 328) and
Tuskegee University, $25,090,000; and for Federal administration and
coordination including administration of the Smith-Lever Act, as
amended, and the Act of September 29, 1977 (7 U.S.C. 341–349),
as amended, and section 1361(c) of the Act of October 3, 1980 (7
U.S.C. 301 note), and to coordinate and provide program leadership
for the extension work of the Department and the several States
and insular possessions, ø$12,209,000¿ $5,685,000; in all,
ø$427,750,000¿ $423,488,000: Provided, That funds hereby appropriated pursuant to section 3(c) of the Act of June 26, 1953, and
section 506 of the Act of June 23, 1972, as amended, shall not be
paid to any State, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam,
or the Virgin Islands, Micronesia, Northern Marianas, and American
Samoa prior to availability of an equal sum from non-Federal sources
for expenditure during the current fiscal year. (Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Smith-Lever Act, 3(b) and 3(c) .................................
00.02
Youth at Risk ............................................................
00.03
Water quality .............................................................
00.04
EFNEP ........................................................................
00.05
Pest management .....................................................
00.06
Farm Safety ...............................................................
00.07
Pesticide impact assessment ...................................
00.08
Nutrition Education ...................................................
00.09
Indian reservation extension agents .........................
00.10
Ag. Telecommunications ............................................
00.11
Food safety ................................................................
00.12
Rural Development ....................................................
00.13
Payments to 1890 colleges and Tuskegee University
00.15
Renewable resources extension act ..........................
00.16
Federal Administration ..............................................
00.18
Rural health and safety education ...........................
00.19
1890 facilities (section 1447) ..................................
00.21
Sustainable Agriculture .............................................

273
268
268
10
10
10
11
11
11
61
61
61
11
11
15
3
3
1
3
3
3
4 ................... ...................
2
2
2
1
1
1
3
3
2
1
1
1
25
25
25
3
3
3
13
12
6
3
3
3
8
8
8
4
3
3

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

439
29

428
25

423
25

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

468

453

448

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

145

21.40

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

5 ................... ...................
468
453
448
473
–468

453
–453

448
–448

439

428

423

29

25

25

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

468

453

448

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

188
468
–464

192
453
–453

192
448
–450

192

192

190

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

290
145
29

278
150
25

275
150
25

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

464

453

450

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–29

–25

–25

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

439
435

428
429

423
425

89.00
90.00

The Cooperative Extension System, a national educational
network, is a dynamic organization pledged to meeting the
country’s needs for research-based educational programs that
will enable people to make practical decisions to improve their
lives. To accomplish its mission, the Cooperative Extension
System adjusts programs to meet the shifting needs and priorities of the people it serves.
The nonformal educational network combines the expertise
and resources of federal, state, and local partners. The partners in this unique System are: (a) The Cooperative State
Research, Education, and Extension Service at the U.S. Department of Agriculture; (b) Extension professionals at landgrant universities throughout the United States and its territories; and (c) Extension professionals in nearly all of the
Nation’s 3,150 counties. Thousands of paraprofessionals and
nearly 3 million volunteers support this partnership and magnify its impact. Strong linkages with both public and private
external groups are also crucial to the Cooperative Extension
System’s strength and vitality.
Base programs, funded by the Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c)
legislated formula funds, are the major educational efforts
central to the mission of the System and common to most
Extension units. They are the ongoing priority efforts of the
System, involving many discipline-based and multi-disciplinary programs. The System’s base programs are the foundation of the Extension organization and partnership that are
intended to increase the number of community-based projects,
families, and individuals reached to disseminate research
findings as widely and quickly as possible. The use of electronic mail, satellite transmission of courses, and computerassisted instruction are encouraged to communicate ideas.
Extension resources are provided to the States by these
formula funds and competitively-awarded programs such as
sustainable agriculture and agricultural telecommunications.
Smith-Lever 3(b) and (c) funds and payments to the 1890
colleges and Tuskegee University provide funds to support
the Extension infrastructure.

146

COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
EXTENSION ACTIVITIES—Continued

Funds for designated programs, funded by Smith-Lever 3(d)
legislated formula funds, such as youth at risk, expanded
food and nutrition education program (EFNEP), food safety,
farm safety provide support for the Cooperative Extension
System to address identified priority issues.
National initiatives funded by legislative formulas, administratively determined distribution, Congressional and Executive intent, and competitively-awarded projects, are the System’s commitment to respond to important problems of broad
national concern with additional resources and significantly
increased effort to achieve a major impact on national priorities. They are the most current significant and complex issues on which the Extension System has the potential to
make a difference—usually in cooperation with other agencies, groups, and units of government. The goal is to inform
and educate these extension agriculture professionals and volunteers who, in turn, educate the professional farmers and
end-users regarding these critical initiatives and concerns.
Initiatives proposed in 1997 include funding for: sustainable
agriculture education programs; increased efforts on pest
management; and support to the 1890 Institutions and
Tuskegee University.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352

41.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

99.0
99.0
99.5
99.9

11.1
12.1
23.3
25.2
25.3

1996 est.

1997 est.

9
2

10
2

10
2

2
4

1
2

1
1

1
418

1
411

1
407

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

436
29
3

427
25
1

422
25
1

Total obligations ........................................................

468

453

448

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0502–0–1–352

1001
1005

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

170
1

1996 est.

183
1

late or administer a brucellosis eradication program for the current
fiscal year that does not require minimum matching by the States
of at least 40 percent: Provided further, That this appropriation shall
be available for field employment pursuant to the second sentence
of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and
not to exceed $40,000 shall be available for employment under 5
U.S.C. 3109: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase
of not to exceed four, of which two shall be for replacement only:
Provided further, That, in addition, in emergencies which threaten
any segment of the agricultural production industry of this country,
the Secretary may transfer from other appropriations or funds available to the agencies or corporations of the Department such sums
as he may deem necessary, to be available only in such emergencies
for the arrest and eradication of contagious or infectious disease
or pests of animals, poultry, or plants, and for expenses in accordance
with the Act of February 28, 1947, as amended, and section 102
of the Act of September 21, 1944, as amended, and any unexpended
balances of funds transferred for such emergency purposes in the
next preceding fiscal year shall be merged with such transferred
amounts: Provided further, That appropriations hereunder shall be
available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the repair and alteration
of leased buildings and improvements, but unless otherwise provided
the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal year shall
not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value of the
buildingø: Provided further, That of the funds provided, the Secretary
of Agriculture may provide for the funding of all fees or charges
under section 2509 of Public Law 101–624, codified at 21 U.S.C.
136a(c), for any service related to the cost of providing import, entry,
diagnostic and quarantine services in connection with the 1996 Summer Olympic Games to be held in Atlanta, Georgia¿.
In fiscal year ø1996¿ 1997 the agency is authorized to collect fees
to cover the total costs of providing technical assistance, goods, or
services requested by States, other political subdivisions, domestic
and international organizations, foreign governments, or individuals,
provided that such fees are structured such that any entity’s liability
for such fees is reasonably based on the technical assistance, goods,
or services provided to the entity by the agency, and such fees shall
be credited to this account, to remain available until expended, without further appropriation, for providing such assistance, goods, or
services. (10 U.S.C. 2306; 15 U.S.C. 69e, 1821–31; 16 U.S.C. 1531–
43; 18 U.S.C. 1114; 19 U.S.C. 1306, 21 U.S.C. 101–105, 111–114,
114a–114c; 114d–1, 114e–131, 134–135b, 151–158; 26 U.S.C. 4491–
94; 45 U.S.C. 71–74; 46 U.S.C. 466a–466(b); 49 U.S.C. 1471(a)–
1509(d), 1741; 46 Stat. 67; 78 Stat. 939–940; 99 Stat. 1645–1650,
1654–1656, 1658–1659; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

1997 est.

185
1

Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

Federal Funds

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Agricultural quarantine inspection fees ........................

43

61

48

124

114

115

04.00

167

175

163

–106
61

–127
48

–125
38

01.99

ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION
SERVICE

1995 actual

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Salaries and expenses ...................................................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

EXPENSES

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For expenses, not otherwise provided for, including those pursuant
to the Act of February 28, 1947, as amended (21 U.S.C. 114b–c),
necessary to prevent, control, and eradicate pests and plant and animal diseases; to carry out inspection, quarantine, and regulatory activities; to discharge the authorities of the Secretary of Agriculture
under the Act of March 2, 1931 (46 Stat. 1468; 7 U.S.C. 426–426b);
and to protect the environment, as authorized by law, ø$331,667,000¿
$463,890,000, of which ø$4,799,000¿ $5,000,000 shall be available
for the control of outbreaks of insects, plant diseases, animal diseases
and for control of pest animals and birds to the extent necessary
to meet emergency conditions: Provided, That in fiscal year ø1996¿
1997, amounts in the agricultural quarantine inspection user fee account shall be available for authorized purposes without further appropriation: Provided further, That no funds shall be used to formu-

Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Pest and disease exclusion .......................................
00.02
Plant and animal health monitoring ........................
00.03
Pest and disease management programs ................
00.04
Animal care ...............................................................
00.05
Scientific and technical services ..............................
00.06
Contingencies ............................................................
00.07
Emergency program funding .....................................

193
86
106
10
55
5
13

215
216
73
88
105
86
9
10
52
59
5
5
7 ...................

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

468
41

466
39

464
39

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

509

505

503

ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ...................................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

7
497
13

8
8
498
503
7 ...................

517
–509

513
–505

511
–503

8

8

8

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.25
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ....................
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

339
332
339
106
127
125
–2 ................... ...................
13 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

456

459

464

41

39

39

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

497

498

503

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

62
509
–520

51
505
–445

111
503
–479

51

111

135

437
387
42
25
33
33
8 ...................

366
76
31
6

68.00
70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

520

445

479

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–6
–35

–5
–34

–5
–34

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–41

–39

–39

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

456
479

459
406

464
440

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
[In millions of dollars]

Enacted/requested:
1995 actual
1996 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
456
459
Outlays ....................................................................................
479
406
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

456
479

459
406

1997 est.

464
440
–8
–8

cies. User fees have been implemented to recover the cost
of certain agricultural quarantine inspection services.
Plant and animal health monitoring.—The Agency conducts
programs to assess animal and plant health and to detect
endemic and exotic diseases and pests. The plant and animal
health monitoring programs are primarily cooperative efforts
of the Federal and State governments, and industry. The
Agency also carries out surveys in cooperation with the States
to detect harmful plant and animal pests and diseases and
to determine if there is a need for pest eradication programs.
Pest and disease management programs.—The Agency carries out programs to control and eradicate infestations and
animal diseases that threaten the United States; to reduce
agricultural losses caused by predatory animals, birds, and
rodents; to provide technical assistance to States, counties,
farmer or rancher groups, and foundations; and to ensure
compliance with interstate movement and disease control regulations. Interstate shipments of plants, livestock, and related
materials are monitored and regulated to prevent the spread
of disease. APHIS protects agriculture from detrimental animal predators through identification, demonstration, and application of the most appropriate methods of control.
Animal care.—The Agency conducts regulatory activities
which ensure the humane care and handling of animals used
in research, exhibition, or the wholesale pet trade. The Agency is also responsible for administering the Horse Protection
Act, which prohibits the showing, selling, or exhibition of
sore horses.
Scientific and technical services.—APHIS develops methods
to control animals and pests that are detrimental to agriculture, other wildlife, and public safety. The agency regulates
genetic research to guard against the release of potentially
harmful organisms into the environment. APHIS also conducts veterinary diagnostic laboratory activities and biologic
regulatory enforcement to ensure that the products developed
for combatting disease are potent, safe, and pure. It also
provides and directs technology development in coordination
with other groups in APHIS and Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) officials to support PPQ programs of the Agency
and its cooperators at the State, national, and international
levels.
APHIS will reduce the number of plant and pest line items
from seventeen to eight in order to provide maximum flexibility to respond to changing priorities and needs as they arise,
within the major functions appearing in the appropriations
request.
A new Medfly line item is proposed for a prophylactic program of sterile fly releases to avoid the use of Commodity
Credit Corporation funds to eradicate large outbreaks.
In addition, fees collected in the AQI user fee account are
proposed to be available without appropriations action, in
order to better provide services that are driven by demand.

456
432

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

The major objectives of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are to protect the animal and plant
resources of the Nation from destructive pests and diseases.
This mission is carried out under the five major areas of
activity, as follows:
Pest and disease exclusion.—The agency conducts inspection
and quarantine activities at U.S. ports-of-entry to prevent
the introduction of exotic animal and plant diseases and
pests. APHIS develops and conducts preclearance programs
to ensure that agricultural products destined for U.S. portsof-entry do not present a risk to U.S. agriculture. APHIS
engages in cooperative programs in foreign countries to control pests of imminent concern to the United States. APHIS
also certifies plants and plant products for export and regulates imports and exports of designated endangered plant spe-

147

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

216
16
11

211
18
11

216
17
10

243
54
6
17
6
4

240
51
1
11
4
4

243
52
1
11
4
4

15
1
46
27
16

15
1
47
29
32

15
1
48
26
27

148

ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

Legislation will be proposed to establish user fees for
APHIS’ costs for animal welfare inspections, such as for animal research centers, humane societies and kennels, for the
issuance of biotechnology certificates, and for veterinary biologics licensing, inspection and testing activities. Fees would
be charged to the recipients of these services.

EXPENSES—Continued

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

41.0
41.0
41.0
41.0
42.0
42.0
42.0

1996 est.

1997 est.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Grants, subsidies, and contributions:
Mexican-United States Commission for the prevention of foot-and-mouth disease .................
2
Joint screwworm eradication programs ................
19
Joint United States-Panama Commission; United
States-Colombia ...............................................
3
Joint Commission on the Mediterranean fruit fly
4
Insurance claims and indemnities:
Brucellosis .............................................................
4
Scrapie of sheep ................................................... ...................
Tuberculosis ..........................................................
1

1
20

1
20

2
2

2
3

4
1
1

4
1
1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

468
41

466
39

464
39

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

509

505

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

5,839
156

5,883
156

5,998
156

..............................
and holiday hours

388
260

393
260

...................
...................
...................
...................

–5
–1
–1
–1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ................... ...................
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ................... ...................

–8
8

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................

AND

EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.02
Animal welfare .......................................................... ................... ...................
00.03
Biotechnology ............................................................. ................... ...................
00.04
Veterinary biologics ................................................... ................... ...................

BUILDINGS

1997 est.

Total direct program ............................................. ................... ...................
Reimbursable program .................................................. ................... ...................

–3
–1
–4
–8
8

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................

22.00

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

AND

–147

147

FACILITIES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1601–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

14

14

27

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

41
4

31
9

26
3

45
–14

40
–14

29
–27

31

26

2

10.00
00.91
01.01

1995 actual

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

For plans, construction, repair, preventive maintenance, environmental support, improvement, extension, alteration, and purchase of
fixed equipment or facilities, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 2250, and
acquisition of land as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 428a, ø$8,757,000¿
$3,200,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1996.)

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)

Identification code 12–1600–2–1–352

Personnel Summary

393
260

SALARIES

...................
...................
...................
...................

1997 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Supplies and materials .............................................

Identification code 12–1600–2–1–352

Personnel Summary

1996 est.

11.1
12.1
21.0
26.0

503

Identification code 12–1600–0–1–352

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1600–2–1–352

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

–8

8

40.00
41.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
Transferred to other accounts .......................................

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ................... ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

3

9

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

4

9

3

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

6
14
–8

12
14
–8

18
27
–23

12

18

22

Outlays (gross), detail:
87.00 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ................... ...................
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

4
9
3
–1 ................... ...................

72.40

–8
86.90
86.93
–8
–8

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1
7

2
6

1
22

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

8

8

23

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

Miscellaneous contributed funds ............................................
4
8

9
8

3
23

The buildings and facilities fund provides for construction,
repairs, preventive maintenance, and alterations, as needed,
for APHIS operated facilities, which include animal quarantine stations, border inspection stations, sterile insect
rearing facilities, and laboratories.
The 1997 budget proposes $3.2 million for this program,
for the modernization of the Plum Island, New York Animal
Disease Center.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1601–0–1–352

149

1996 est.

1997 est.

25.2
32.0

Other services ................................................................
Land and structures ......................................................

9
5

9
5

8
19

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

14

14

27

Trust Funds

7

6

6

Distribution of outlays by account:
Expenses, feed, and attendants for animals in quarantine
Miscellaneous contributed funds ............................................

0
8

1
6

1
6

The following services are financed by fees and miscellaneous contributions advanced by importers, manufacturers,
States, organizations, individuals, and others:
Expenses and refunds, inspection, certification, and quarantine of animal products.—This includes inspection of animal
hides and other animal materials to be exported. Fees are
paid in advance for services to be rendered (7 U.S.C. 1621–
1627) (21 U.S.C. 111).
Expenses, feed, and attendants for animals in quarantine.—
All costs associated with the quarantine of animals are paid
from fees advanced by importers (21 U.S.C. 102).
Miscellaneous contributed funds.—Funds are received from
States, local organizations, individuals, and others and are
available for plant and animal quarantine inspection and cooperative plant and animal disease and pest control activities
(7 U.S.C. 450b, 2220). Commencing in 1979, fees were collected for the importation of commercial birds.

MISCELLANEOUS TRUST FUNDS

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1994 actual

Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352
Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.02 Miscellaneous contributed funds ...................................
7
6
6
02.03 Fees for feed and attendants for animals in quarantine ........................................................................ ...................
1
1
Total receipts .............................................................
7
7
7
Appropriation:
05.01 Miscellaneous trust funds .............................................
–7
–7
–7
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
Expenses, feed, and attendants for animals in quarantine ........................................................................
00.03 Miscellaneous contributed funds ...................................

1995 actual

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

1

1

1

1

2999

1

1

1

1

1996 est.

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3600 Other ........................................................

5

5

5

5

3999

Total net position ................................

5

5

5

5

Total liabilities and net position ............

6

6

6

6

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

1997 est.

1995 actual

Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

1
1

1
2

1
2

11.9
12.1
21.0
25.2

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Other services ................................................................

2
1
1
2

3
1
1
2

3
1
1
2

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

6

7

7

1
6

Total obligations ........................................................

6

7

7

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

4
7

4
7

4
7

11
–6

11
–7

11
–7

4

4

4

Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

7

7

7

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

6
–8

7
–7

1997 est.

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

1
6

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1996 est.

11.1
11.5

–1
7

23.90
23.95
24.40

1997 est.

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2101 Federal liabilities: Accounts payable ......

1999

00.02

10.00

1996 est.

4999

02.99

Identification code 12–9971–0–7–352

1101

1995 actual

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

7
–7

53
6

53
6

53
6

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE
Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances ................................

7
1

6
1

6
1

87.00

8

7

7

Total outlays (gross) .................................................
Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

7
8

7
7

7
7

Distribution of budget authority by account:
Expenses, feed, and attendants for animals in quarantine

0

1

1

89.00
90.00

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses to carry on services authorized by the Federal Meat Inspection Act, as amended, the Poultry Products Inspection Act, as amended, and the Egg Products Inspection Act, as
amended, ø$544,906,000¿ $574,000,000, and in addition, $1,000,000
may be credited to this account from fees collected for the cost of
laboratory accreditation as authorized by section 1017 of Public Law

150

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
[Iin millions of dollars]

EXPENSES—Continued

102–237; Provided, That this appropriation shall not be available
for shell egg surveillance under section 5(d) of the Egg Products
Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 1034(d)): Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available for activities relating to human pathogens,
as authorized by section 2 of the Act of February 2, 1903, as amended
(21 U.S.C. 111) and sections 4 and 5 of the Act of May 29, 1884,
as amended (21 U.S.C. 120): Provided further, That this appropriation
shall be available for field employment pursuant to section 706(a)
of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $75,000
shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided
further, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law
(7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal
year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value
of the building. (7 U.S.C. 450, 1901–06; 10 U.S.C. 2306; 18 U.S.C.
1114; 21 U.S.C. 451–470, 601–624, 641–645, 661, 671–680, 691–692;
694–695; Public Law 99–641; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

530
81

545
87

574
90

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

611

632

Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................
Supplemental proposal:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

612
632
664
–1 ................... ...................
611
–611

632
–632

664
–664

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

526
545
574
5 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

531

545

574

81

87

90

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

612

632

664

68.00
70.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

27
24
26
611
632
664
–604
–630
–661
–10 ................... ...................
24

26

29

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

506
17
80

519
24
87

545
26
90

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

604

630

661

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–1
–80

–1
–86

–1
–89

88.90

–81

–87

–90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

531
523

545
543

574
571

....................
....................

1996 est.

545
543

.................... ....................
.................... ....................
531
522

1997 est.

574
571

10 ....................
10 ....................

555
553

–109
–109
465
462

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION ACTIVITIES
Federally inspected establishments:
1995 actual
1996 est.
Slaughter plants .....................................................................
301
279
Processing plants ...................................................................
4,870
4,869
Combination slaughter and processing plants ......................
1,002
988
Talmadge-Aiken plants ...........................................................
259
250
Import establishments ............................................................
160
145
Egg plants ..............................................................................
82
82
Federally inspected and passed production (millions of
pounds):
Meat slaughter ........................................................................
43,503
44,200
Poultry slaughter .....................................................................
40,969
41,800
Egg products ...........................................................................
2,874
3,104
Import/export activity (millions of pounds):
Meat and poultry imported .....................................................
2,452
2,500
Meat and poultry exported ......................................................
7,197
8,200
States and territories with cooperative programs: a
Intrastate inspection ...............................................................
27
26
Talmadge-Aiken inspection .....................................................
11
9
Number of slaughter and/or processing plants (excludes
exempt plants) ...................................................................
2,895
2,872
Pounds inspected slaughter (millions) ...................................
1,100
1,210
N/A
Product inspected and passed under HACCP system: b ........ ....................
Compliance activities:
Marketplace reviews ............................................................... .................... ....................
Corrective action reviews ........................................................
37,902
48,000
Corrective actions completed .................................................
548
750
Product Testing (samples analyzed):
31,416
26,000
Food chemistry d .....................................................................
Food microbiology ...................................................................
32,738
50,000
Chemical residues ..................................................................
97,254
72,000
Antibiotic residues ..................................................................
245,833
246,000
Pathology samples ..................................................................
6,728
7,000
Serology samples ....................................................................
5,801
6,000
Egg Products:
Food chemistry ........................................................................
204
200
Food microbiology ...................................................................
2,611
3,000
Chemical residues ..................................................................
302
350
Consumer Education and public outreach:
Meat and Poultry Hotline Calls received ................................
116,530
120,000
Epidemiological Investigations:
Cooperative efforts with State and public health offices ....................
50
N/A
N/A
Illnesses reported and treated e .............................................
Field Automation and Information Management Project (cumulative):
Number of computers provided to field inspection staff
337
1,113
a States

89.00
90.00

531
522

The primary objectives of the Food Safety and Inspection
Service are to ensure that meat, poultry, and egg products
are wholesome, unadulterated, and properly labeled and
packaged, as required by the Federal Meat Inspection Act,
and the Poultry Products Inspection Act and the Egg Products
Inspection Act.
The meat, poultry, and egg products inspection program
of the Food Safety and Inspection Service provides inplant
inspection of all domestic plants preparing meat, poultry, or
egg products for sale or distribution; reviews foreign inspection systems and establishments that prepare meat, poultry,
or egg products for export to the United States; and provides
technical and financial assistance to States which maintain
meat and poultry inspection programs.

664

22.00
22.30

1995 actual

1997 est.

250
4,824
967
226
150
82

44,800
42,300
3,352
2,600
9,200
26
9
2,844
1,330
N/A
101,200 c
53,000
1,000
26,000
125,000
72,000
246,000
7,000
6,000
200
3,000
350
120,000
60
N/A

1,889

with cooperative agreements which are operating programs.
b Production data will be based on meat and poultry slaughter operations.
c Includes retail inspection audits and State assist activities—1,200; and marketplace sampling, testing, reviewing
and evaluation—100,000.
d FY 1996–1997 sampling will be performed in-house, therefore split samples performed in FY 1995 as a
contract check are no longer necessary.

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Trust Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
e The sentinel site survey will provide the baseline data necessary to estimate the incidence of foodborne
illness and treatment.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554

11.1
11.3
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1996 est.

1997 est.

89.00
90.00

324
13
14

334
16
15

347
89
1
20
2

351
91
1
19
2

365
93
1
21
3

7
1
1
11

8
2
1
15

9
2
1
20

11.1
11.3

25.4
26.0
31.0
41.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Advisory and assistance services .............................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of facilities ..................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

3
1
4
2
41

3
1
4
6
40

3
1
5
8
42

11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.3

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

530
80
1

544
574
87
90
1 ...................

25.2
25.3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

611

632

24.0
25.1
25.2
25.3

664

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

–109
–109

Legislation will be proposed to charge fees for all overtime
inspections of meat, poultry, and egg products at all establishments inspected by the Food Safety and Inspection Service
(FSIS). Currently, fees to reimburse the cost of overtime inspection are required at some FSIS-inspected establishments,
but not at others. The Federal government would continue
to pay the full cost for a primary, eight-hour inspection shift.

320
13
14

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.3

151

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3700–2–1–554

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ............................................. ................... ...................
Other than full-time permanent ........................... ................... ...................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................

99.0
99.0

...................
...................
...................
...................

–77
–20
–4
–1

................... ...................
................... ...................

–2
–3

................... ...................
................... ...................

–1
–1

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ................... ...................
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ................... ...................

26.0

...................
...................
...................
...................

–71
–6

–109
109

Personnel Summary
99.9
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3700–0–1–554

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1996 est.

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................

1997 est.

Personnel Summary
..............................
and holiday hours

9,614
128

9,679
128

9,738
128

1995 actual

Identification code 12–3700–2–1–554

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................
1001

..............................
and holiday hours

SALARIES

AND

246
1,131

246
1,175

226
1,240

EXPENSES

–2,000

2,000

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3700–2–1–554

00.01
01.01

1995 actual

Trust Funds
1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ............................................................... ................... ...................
Reimbursable program .................................................. ................... ...................

1997 est.

EXPENSES

AND

REFUNDS, INSPECTION
PRODUCTS

Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................

22.00

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................
70.00

–109

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Outlays (gross), detail:
87.00 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.40
Non-Federal sources ............................................. ................... ...................

–109

88.90

FARM

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

3

3

3

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

3
–3

3
–3

3
–3

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

3

3

3

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................

3

3

3

–109

Total, offsetting collections (cash) .................. ................... ...................

OF

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Fees for inspection and grading of farm products
3
3
3
Appropriation:
05.01 Expenses and refunds, inspection and grading of
farm products ............................................................
–3
–3
–3
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

109

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ................... ................... ...................

GRADING

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

–109
109

10.00

AND

152

FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE—Continued
Trust Funds—Continued

EXPENSES

AND

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

REFUNDS, INSPECTION AND GRADING
PRODUCTS—Continued

00.02
00.03
00.04

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

1996 est.

Compliance ....................................................................
Methods Development ....................................................
Packers and Stockyard Program ....................................

5
1
12

4
3
12

5
3
13

10.00

FARM

OF

Total obligations ........................................................

23

23

25

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

23
–23

23
–23

25
–25

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

23

23

25

2
23
–23

3
23
–23

3
25
–25

3

3

3

1997 est.

73.20

Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

–3

–3

–3

22.00
23.95

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

3

3

3

40.00

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

3

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
3

3
3

3
3

Under authority of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946,
Federal meat and poultry inspection services are provided
upon request and for a fee in cases where inspection is not
mandated by statute. This service includes: certifying products for export beyond the requirements of export certificates;
inspecting certain animals and poultry intended for human
food where inspection is not required by statute, such as
buffalo, rabbit, and quail; and inspecting products intended
for animal consumption.

1995 actual

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

21
2

20
2

22
3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

23

23

25

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

23
23

23
23

25
25

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

86.90
86.93

1996 est.

[In millions of dollars]

1997 est.

11.1
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

11.9
99.5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

2
1

2
1

2
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

3

3

3

1995 actual
1996 est.
Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
23
23
Outlays ....................................................................................
23
22
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... ....................

Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

23
23

23
22

1997 est.

25
25
–14
–14
11
11

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–8137–0–7–352

1001
1005

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

44
15

1996 est.

1997 est.

44
15

40
15

GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND
STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the United
States Grain Standards Act, as amended, for the administration of
the Packers and Stockyards Act, for certifying procedures used to
protect purchasers of farm products, and the standardization activities related to grain under the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946,
as amended, including field employment pursuant to section 706(a)
of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $25,000
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109, ø$23,058,000¿ $24,595,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law
(7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one building during the fiscal
year shall not exceed 10 percent of the current replacement value
of the building. (7 U.S.C. 71, 74–79, 84–87, 181–229, 1621–27; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Standardization ..............................................................

1995 actual

5

1996 est.

1997 est.

4

4

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) establishes official United States standards for
grain, promotes the uniform application thereof by official
inspection personnel, provides for an official inspection system
for grain, and regulates the weighing and certification of the
weight of grain shipped in interstate or foreign commerce
as authorized by the U.S. Grain Standards Act (USGSA),
as amended, and the regulations thereof, and the Agricultural
Marketing Act of 1946 (AMA).
Standardization activities include establishing and updating
U.S. grain standards, research, and developing and improving
methods to ensure the accurate and uniform application of
the standards.
The compliance activities ensure the accurate and uniform
application of the USGSA and applicable provisions of the
AMA. The compliance program functions include: (1) evaluating alleged violations and initiating preliminary investigations; (2) initiating the implementation of corrective actions;
(3) conducting management and technical reviews; (4) administering the designations and delegations of State and private
agencies to perform official functions and monitoring the performance of the agencies; (5) identifying and, where appropriate, waiving and monitoring conflicts of interest; (6) licensing personnel of delegated States and designated agencies;
(7) registering persons/firms engaged in the business of buying grain for sale in foreign commerce, and in the business
of handling, weighing, or transporting of grain for sale in
foreign commerce; (8) responding to audits of Grain Inspection
programs; and (9) reviewing and, when appropriate, approving official agencies’ fee schedules.
The International Monitoring Staff briefs foreign buyers,
assesses foreign inspection and weighing techniques, and responds to foreign quality and quantity complaints.

GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

An advisory committee consisting of members from the
grain industry exists to advise the Agency regarding efficient
and economical implementation of the USGSA.
The Grain Quality Improvement Act of 1986 was enacted
on November 10, 1986, to improve the quality of U.S. grain
by prohibiting the introduction and reintroduction of dockage
and foreign material to grain.
For 1997, authorizing legislation will be submitted to permit, subject to appropriations, the collection and use of fees
to cover the cost of standardization activities.
The goal of the Packers and Stockyards program is to ensure the integrity of the livestock, meat, and poultry markets
and the marketplace in order to protect producers against
unfair, deceptive, or discriminatory practices as well as those
that are predatory or monopolistic in nature. Consumers and
members of the livestock, poultry, and meat industries are
also protected against unfair business practices in the marketing of livestock, meat and poultry, and from restrictions on
competition which could unduly affect prices. The Agency also
carries out the Secretary’s responsibilities under Section 1324
of the Food Security Act of 1985 covering ‘‘central filing systems’’ established by States for pre-notification of security
interests against farm products.
Authorizing legislation will be submitted that would establish a license fee that, subject to appropriations, would allow
the collection and expenditure of funds for all costs associated
with administering the Packers and Stockyards Act. Authorizing legislation will also be submitted to establish a Dealers
Trust. This would require livestock inventories and accounts
receivable due from the sale of livestock to be held in trust
for unpaid cash sellers at a time of financial failure.

SALARIES

AND

153

EXPENSES

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2400–2–1–352

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Standardization .........................................................
00.02
Compliance ................................................................
00.03
Methods Development ...............................................
00.04
Packers and Stockyard Program ...............................
00.05
Start Up Costs ...........................................................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

...................
–4
................... ...................
................... ...................
...................
–14
...................
4

00.91
01.01

Direct program, subtotal ...................................... ................... ...................
Reimbursable Program .................................................. ................... ...................

–14
18

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

4

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

4
–4

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

–14

18

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ................... ...................

4

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................

4
–4

86.90
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ................... ...................

–14
18

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ................... ...................

4

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ................... ...................

–18

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

–14
–14

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1995 actual

U.S. standards in effect at end of year .....................................
New and revised standards issued during fiscal year ..............
Standards reviews in progress ...................................................
Standards reviews completed .....................................................
Inspection techniques developed ................................................
Codex standards developed ........................................................
On-site investigations .................................................................
Designations renewed .................................................................
Registration certificates issued ..................................................
Investigations ..............................................................................
Market agencies/dealers registered ............................................
Stockyards posted .......................................................................
Slaughtering and processing packers subject to the Act (estimated) .....................................................................................
Distributors, brokers, and dealers subject to the Act (estimated) .....................................................................................
Poultry operations subject to the Act .........................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

19
1
9
9
2
13
9
23
96
2,504
9,181
1,386

19
7
4
4
2
13
12
24
100
2,615
9,200
1,385

19
3
4
3
2
13
14
23
102
2,600
9,200
1,385

6,500

6,400

6,400

6,900
240

6,900
240

6,900
240

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

89.00
90.00

Legislation will be proposed to establish a fee for the standardization activities of the Grain Inspection, Packers and
Stockyards Administration, a licensing fee to cover the costs
of administering meat packing and stockyard activities, and
a statutory dealers trust.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2400–2–1–352

Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352

1996 est.

1996 est.

1997 est.

25.2

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................

................... ...................
................... ...................

–1
–3

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ................... ...................
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ................... ...................

–14
18

99.9

1995 actual

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

4

1997 est.

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3
25.2
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

14
3
1
1
3
1

14
3
1
1
3
1

15
3
2
1
3
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

23

23

25

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.3

................... ...................
................... ...................
................... ...................

–7
–2
–1

Personnel Summary
Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–2400–0–1–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.
Identification code 12–2400–2–1–352

309

348

360

1995 actual

1996 est.

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

1997 est.

–257

154

GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

Personnel Summary—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2400–2–1–352

1996 est.

1997 est.

Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

257

1995 actual

Public enterprise funds:
INSPECTION

The agency also oversees the inspection and weighing of grain
performed by employees of 8 delegated States and 66 designated State and private agencies. The Agency provides an
appeal service of original grain inspections and a registration
system for grain exporting firms. Through support from the
Association of American Railroads and user fees, GIPSA conducts a railroad track scale testing program. In addition, the
agency provides grading services, on request, for rice and
grain related products under the authority of the Agricultural
Marketing Act of 1946 (AMA).

AND

WEIGHING SERVICES

LIMITATION ON INSPECTION AND WEIGHING SERVICE EXPENSES

Not to exceed ø$42,784,000¿ $43,207,000 (from fees collected) shall
be obligated during the current fiscal year for inspection and weighing services: Provided, That if grain export activities require additional supervision and oversight, or other uncontrollable factors occur,
this limitation may be exceeded by up to 10 percent with notification
to the Appropriations Committees. (7 U.S.C. 71, 74–79, 84–87, 1621–
27; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration,
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

Export grain inspected and/or weighed (million metric tons):
By Federal personnel ..............................................................
By delegated States ................................................................
Quantity of grain inspected (all official inspections) million
metric tons ..............................................................................
Number of inspections and reinspections:
By Federal personnel ..............................................................
By delegated state/official agency licenses ...........................
Number of appeals ......................................................................
Number of appeals carried to the Board of Appeals and Review .........................................................................................
Quantity of rice inspected (million metric tons) ........................
Quantity of rice exports (million metric tons) ............................

1996 est.

1997 est.

92.5
29.5

89.9
28.7

80.4
25.7

138.0

140.0

140.0

164,122
2,420,577
10,465

170,000
2,430,000
8,000

170,000
2,430,000
8,000

2.094
4.3
3.4

2,000
4.0
2.7

2,000
4.1
2.6

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations ............................................................
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.90 Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
68.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

1995 actual

36

1996 est.

6
43

6
43

42
–36

49
–43

49
–43

6

6

6

43

31
–33

34
–36

1996 est.

43
–43

1997 est.

43
–43

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–2

–2

..................

..................

1996 est.

1997 est.

43

8
34

34

1995 actual

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

1997 est.

43

1994 actual

0101
0102
0109

Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

43

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1102
Treasury securities, par ..................
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
1803 Other Federal assets: Property, plant
and equipment, net ............................

1994 actual

1995 actual

6

5

5

5

4
..................
..................

..................
..................
4

..................
..................
4

..................
..................
4

1

1

1

1

10

10

10

10

–1

..................

..................

..................

..................
3

..................
3

1
3

1
3

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

2

3

4

4

1
8

2
5

2
4

2
4

3999

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.90 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................

Total net position ................................

8

7

6

6

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

11

10

10

10

1999

3
36
–36

3
43
–43

3
43
–43

3

3

3

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2101 Federal liabilities: Accounts payable ......
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

34

43

43

87.00

36

43

43

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–34

–43

–43

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................
1 ................... ...................

The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) provides a uniform system for the inspection
and weighing of grain. Services provided under this system
are financed through a fee supported revolving fund. This
authority has been extended through September 2000.
Fee supported programs include direct services, supervision
activities and administrative functions. Direct services include
official grain inspection and weighing by GIPSA employees
at certain export ports as well as the inspection of U.S. grain
shipped through Canada. The Agency supervises the inspection and weighing activities performed by its own employees.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

11.1
11.3
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

17
1
5

22
1
3

22
1
3

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.1
23.3
25.2
26.0
99.0
99.5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
23
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
5
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
2
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
1
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1
Other services ................................................................
3
Supplies and materials .................................................
1
Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ...............................
36
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

26
5
1
1
1
7
1
42
1

26
5
1
1
1
7
1
42
1

43

43

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

36

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Personnel Summary
68.00
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4050–0–3–352

2001
2005

1996 est.

1997 est.

70.00

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

507
114

528
125

518
125

155

Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

62

62

63

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

116

109

111

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
MARKETING SERVICES
For necessary expenses to carry on services related to consumer
protection, agricultural marketing and distribution, transportation,
and regulatory programs, as authorized by law, and for administration and coordination of payments to States; including field employment pursuant to section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C.
2225), and not to exceed $90,000 for employment under 5 U.S.C.
3109, ø$46,517,000¿ $48,311,000, including funds for the wholesale
market development program for the design and development of
wholesale and farmer market facilities for the major metropolitan
areas of the country: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available pursuant to law (7 U.S.C. 2250) for the alteration and repair
of buildings and improvements, but the cost of altering any one
building during the fiscal year shall not exceed 10 percent of the
current replacement value of the building.
Fees may be collected for the cost of standardization activities,
as established by regulation pursuant to law (31 U.S.C. 9701). (7
U.S.C. 1291, 1621–27: 15 U.S.C. 714–714p: 21 U.S.C. 1031–56: 26
U.S.C. 6804, 7233, 7263, 7492–93, 7701; 49 U.S.C. 1653.)
LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Not to exceed ø$58,461,000¿ $59,012,000 (from fees collected) shall
be obligated during the current fiscal year for administrative expenses: Provided, That if crop size is understated and/or other uncontrollable events occur, the agency may exceed this limitation by up
to 10 percent with notification to the Appropriations Committees.
(Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2500–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Market news service ..................................................
00.02
Inspection and standardization ................................
00.03
Market protection and promotion ..............................
00.04
Wholesale market development .................................
00.05
Transportation services .............................................

19
13
15
3
3

20
7
15
2
3

20
7
16
2
3

00.91

53

47

48

01.01
01.02

Total direct program .............................................
Capital investment:
Reimbursable program ..............................................
Reimbursable program ..............................................

50
5

58
4

59
4

01.91

Total capital investment .......................................

55

62

63

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

108

109

111

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

26
34
34
116
109
111
–1 ................... ...................
141
–108
34

143
–109
34

145
–111
34

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................

57
47
48
–3 ................... ...................

43.00

54

Appropriation (total) .............................................

22

17

17

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

19
39
61

20
34
62

20
27
63

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

119

114

111

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–2
–60

–1
–61

–1
–62

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–62

–62

–63

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

54
57

47
52

48
48

Agricultural Marketing Service activities assist producers
and handlers of agricultural commodities by providing a variety of marketing services. These services continue to become
more complex as the volume of agricultural commodities increases, as a greater number of new processed commodities
are developed, and as the agricultural market structure undergoes extensive changes. Marketing changes include increased concentration in food retailing, direct buying, decentralization of processing, growth of interregional competition,
vertical integration, and contract farming. The individual activities include:
Market news service.—The market news program provides
the agricultural community with information pertaining to
the movement of agricultural products. This nationwide service provides daily reports on the supply, demand, and price
of over 800 commodities throughout the country.
Inspection, grading and standardization.—Nationally uniform standards of quality for agricultural products are established and applied to specific lots of products to: promote
confidence between buyers and sellers; reduce hazards in marketing due to misunderstandings and disputes arising from
the use of nonstandard descriptions; and encourage better
preparation of uniform quality products for market. Grading
services are provided for cotton and domestic and imported
tobacco.
Quarterly inspection of egg handlers and hatcheries is conducted to ensure the proper disposition of shell eggs unfit
for human consumption.
MARKET NEWS PROGRAM

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

32
22
17
108
109
111
–119
–114
–111
–1 ................... ...................

47

48

1995 actual

Percentage of reports released on time .....................................

88

1996 est.

92

1997 est.

94

COTTON AND TOBACCO USER FEE PROGRAM
1995 actual

Cotton classed (samples in thousands) .....................................
Tobacco auction markets (million pounds) ................................
Imported tobacco inspected at markets and ports of entry
(million pounds) ......................................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

19,390
1,609

18,320
1,606

18,320
1,593

285

309

300

FEDERALLY FUNDED INSPECTION AND PROCUREMENT ACTIVITIES
1995 actual

States and Commonwealths with cooperative agreements ........

49

1996 est.

49

1997 est.

49

156

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

WHOLESALE MARKET DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
1995 actual

MARKETING SERVICES—Continued
Studies and projects completed .................................................

LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES—Continued

1997 est.

9

12

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

STANDARDIZATION ACTIVITIES
1995 actual

International and U.S. standards in effect, end of fiscal year .
Number of commodities covered .................................................
Standards revised .......................................................................

1996 est.

7

1996 est.

574
234
8

574
234
15

1997 est.

574
234
16

Market protection and promotion.—This program consists
of: (1) the research and promotion programs which are designed to improve the competitive position and expand markets for cotton, eggs and egg products, honey, pork, beef,
dairy products, potatoes, watermelons, mushrooms, soybeans,
fluid milk and fresh cut flowers and greens; (2) the Federal
Seed Act; and (3) the administration of the Capper-Volstead
Act and the Agricultural Fair Practices Act.
The lime program was defeated in referendum in November
1995. Fluid milk assessments were collected only during six
months in 1994 to fund the first 30 months of the program,
as stipulated in the producers plan.
The pesticide recordkeeping program monitors compliance
of private certified applicators with Federal regulations requiring them to keep records of restricted pesticides used
in agricultural production.
The pesticide data program develops comprehensive, statistically defensible information on pesticide residues in food
to improve government dietary risk procedures.
Federal seed inspectors conduct tests on seed samples to
help ensure truthful labeling of agricultural and vegetable
seeds sold in interstate commerce.
The Capper-Volstead Act and the Agricultural Fair Practices Act protect producers against discriminatory practices
by handlers, permit producers to engage in cooperative efforts,
and ensure that such cooperatives do not engage in practices
that monopolize or restrain trade.

1995 actual

Identification code 12–2500–0–1–352

11.1
11.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1996 est.

1997 est.

23
1

20
1

21
1

24
6
1
1

21
4
1
1

22
4
1
1

26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

2
1
1

2
1
1

2
1
1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

53
55

47
62

48
63

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

108

109

111

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
25.3

3
2
2
1 ................... ...................
13
14
14

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2500–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1996 est.

1997 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

619
7

494
2

487
2

..............................
and holiday hours

856
70

894
70

864
70

MARKET PROTECTION AND PROMOTION ACTIVITIES
Seed Act:
1995 actual
1996 est.
1997 est.
Interstate investigations:
Completed ...........................................................................
770
750
750
Pending ...............................................................................
583
550
500
Seed samples tested ..............................................................
3,224
3,000
3,200
Percentage of cases submitted that are completed ..............
92
92
92
Plant Variety Protection Act:
Number of applications received ............................................
324
350
350
Certificates of protection issued ............................................
189
350
350
Number of years to process pending applications ................
1.5
1.4
1.4
Research and promotion collections (dollars in millions):
Beef .........................................................................................
44.3
45.0
45.0
Cotton ......................................................................................
63.5
68.5
59.3
Dairy—National ......................................................................
77.4
77.4
76.7
Honey .......................................................................................
3.1
3.1
3.1
Pork .........................................................................................
42.0
45.0
45.0
Egg ..........................................................................................
14.0
14.0
14.0
Potato ......................................................................................
7.9
7.7
8.1
Watermelon .............................................................................
1.2
1.4
1.4
Pecan ...................................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Mushroom ................................................................................
1.3
2.4
2.5
Soybean ...................................................................................
28.0
26.0
26.0
Fresh cut flowers and greens .................................................
10.0
10.0
10.0
Fluid Milk ................................................................................
0.0
0.0
0.0
Percentage of board budgets and marketing plans approved within time frame goal ..........................................
93
96
100

Wholesale market development.—This program is designed
to enhance the marketing of agricultural commodities in the
United States by conducting research into more efficient marketing methods for agricultural commodities and by providing
technical assistance to urban areas interested in improving
their food distribution facilities.
Transportation Services.—The activities are designed to ensure that the Nation’s transportation systems will adequately
serve the needs of agriculture and rural areas of the United
States.

PAYMENTS

TO

STATES

AND

POSSESSIONS

For payments to departments of agriculture, bureaus and departments of markets, and similar agencies for marketing activities under
section 204(b) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C.
1623(b)), $1,200,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug
Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2501–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

1

1

1

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

1
–1

1
–1

1
–1

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

1

1

1

1
1
–1

1
1
–1

1
1
–1

1

1

1

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1

1

1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1

1

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1
1

1
1

1
1

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Grants are made on a matching fund basis to State departments of agriculture to carry out specifically approved programs designed to enhance marketing efficiency. Under this
activity, specialists work with farmers, marketing firms, and
other agencies in solving marketing problems and in using
research results.

reparation complaint filing fees; and repeal the 25 percent
maximum funding reserve cap.
A 1984 amendment to the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act requires traders to have trust assets on hand to
meet their obligations to fruit and vegetable suppliers. To
preserve their trust and establish their rights ahead of other
creditors, unpaid suppliers file notice with both the Department and their debtors that payment is due.

PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT FUND

PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT ACTIVITIES

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–5070–0–2–352

1995 actual

1995 actual
1996 est.

157

Percentage of informal reparation complaints completed within time frame goal .................................................................

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Deposits of Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act
fees ............................................................................
8
9
9
Appropriation:
05.01 Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act fund .............
–8
–9
–9
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................

1996 est.

83

1997 est.

95

100

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–5070–0–2–352

1996 est.

1997 est.

Identification code 12–5070–0–2–352

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

1995 actual

7

5
1

5
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

99.9
1996 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

4
1

99.5

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

11.1
12.1
25.3

Total obligations ........................................................

7

8

8

1997 est.

8

Personnel Summary
8

Identification code 12–5070–0–2–352

1001
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

60.25

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

2
8

2
9
11
–8

12
–8

2

3

4

8

9

9

1996 est.

110

1997 est.

112

112

3
9

10
–7

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

FUNDS

FOR

STRENGTHENING MARKETS, INCOME,
(SECTION 32)

AND

SUPPLY

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

72.90

1 ................... ...................
7
8
8
–8
–8
–8

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

8
1

8
1

8
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

8

8

8

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

8
8

9
8

9
8

License fees are deposited in this special fund and are
used to meet the costs of administering the Perishable Agricultural Commodities and the Produce Agency Acts (7 U.S.C.
491–497, 499a–499s).
The Acts are intended to ensure equitable treatment to
farmers and others in the marketing of fresh and frozen fruits
and vegetables. Commission merchants, dealers, and brokers
handling these products in interstate and foreign commerce
are licensed. Complaints of violations are investigated and
violations dealt with by (a) informal agreements between the
two parties, (b) formal decisions involving payment of reparation awards, and/or (c) suspension or revocation of license
and/or publication of the facts. Beginning October 1, 1994,
an additional fee was instituted for the filing of formal and
informal complaints of violations of the Act. The November
1995 amendments to the Perishable Agricultural Commodities
Act: (1) increase the license fee and phase out fees for wholesale grocers and retailers by 1999; (2) provide permanent
authority to the Secretary of Agriculture to set license and

Funds available under section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935
(7 U.S.C. 612c) shall be used only for commodity program expenses
as authorized therein, and other related operating expenses, except
for: (1) transfers to the Department of Commerce as authorized by
the Fish and Wildlife Act of August 8, 1956; (2) transfers otherwise
provided in this Act; and (3) not more than ø$10,451,000¿
$10,576,000 for formulation and administration of marketing agreements and orders pursuant to the Agricultural Marketing Agreement
Act of 1937, as amended, and the Agricultural Act of 1961.
øIn fiscal year 1996, no more than $23,900,000¿ Consistent with
the overall limitations on oilseed export subsidies under the Uruguay
Round Agreements Act, in fiscal year 1997, the Secretary may use
no more than $20,300,000 in section 32 funds øshall be used¿ to
promote sunflower and cottonseed oil exports øauthorized by¿ under
section 1541 of Public Law 101–624 (7 U.S.C. 1464 note)ø, and such
funds shall be used to facilitate additional sales of such oils in world
markets¿. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 30% of customs duties, funds for strengthening markets, income and supply (section 32) ......................

751

1,075

1,075

6,119

6,264

5,923

04.00

6,870

7,339

6,998

–5,795
1,075

–6,264
1,075

–5,923
1,075

01.99

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Funds for strengthening markets, income, and supply
(section 32) ...............................................................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
Commodity program payments:
00.01
Child nutrition program purchases ......................

1995 actual

400

1996 est.

400

1997 est.

400

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

158

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
FUNDS

FOR

STRENGTHENING MARKETS, INCOME,
(SECTION 32)—Continued

SUPPLY

AND

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

00.02
00.03
00.04

Emergency surplus removal ..................................
97
Disaster Relief ...................................................... ...................
Sunflower and cottonseed oil subsidies ............... ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

31 ...................
2 ...................
24
20

00.91
01.01

Subtotal, Commodity program payments .............
Administrative expenses ................................................

497
16

457
17

420
17

01.92
02.01

Total direct program .................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

513
1

474
1

437
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

514

475

438

receipts collected during each calendar year is automatically
appropriated for expanding outlets for nonbasic commodities.
An amount equal to 30 percent of receipts collected on fishery
products is transferred to the Department of Commerce. Most
of the funds are transferred to the Food and Consumer and
are used to purchase commodities under section 6 of the National School Lunch Act and other authorities specified in
the child nutrition appropriation. If unforeseen commodity
surpluses should develop, unobligated reserve balances are
available for surplus removal. A portion of section 32 funds
issued to promote oilseed and exports. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) requires annual reductions
in oilseed export subsidies.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
246
235
300
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
477
594
438
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
26 ................... ...................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................ ...................
–54 ...................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

60.25
60.75
61.00
63.00
68.00
70.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ........................
Procurement reduction pursuant to P.L. 104–19 ..........
Transferred to child nutrition ........................................

749
–514

775
–475

738
–438

235

300

300

5,795
6,264
5,923
–5 ................... ...................
–5,314
–5,671
–5,486

Appropriation (total) ..................................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..............................................

476

593

437

1

1

1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

477

594

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
11.9
12.1
22.0
23.3
24.0
25.2
25.2
25.3
26.0
99.0
99.0
99.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Transportation of things: Commodities ....................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services:
Other services .......................................................
Other services .......................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Supplies and materials: Grants of commodities to
States ....................................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

8

8

8

8
2
15

8
2
14

8
2
13

1
1
1
1 ................... ...................
1
26

1
24

1
22

3

2

2

456

420

386

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
513
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
1
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

472
1
2

435
1
2

475

438

438

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

99.9

27
18
18
514
475
438
–497
–475
–438
–26 ................... ...................
18

18

18

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

224
273

222
253

120
318

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

497

475

Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

438

514

FUNDS

FOR

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

165
1

173
2

173
2

12

13

13

STRENGTHENING MARKETS, INCOME,
(SECTION 32)

AND

SUPPLY

(Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO)

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–1

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

476
496

593
474

437
437

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–5209–4–2–605

01.01
02.01

1995 actual

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Administrative Expenses ................................................ ................... ...................
Unobligated balance, start of year ............................... ................... ...................

1997 est.

–10
10

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................

22.00
23.95
24.40

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
10
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ................... ...................
10

68.00

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

[In millions of dollars]

1995 actual
1996 est.
1997 est.
Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
476
593
437
Outlays ....................................................................................
496
474
437
Legislative proposal, subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... ....................
–10

Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

Total obligations ........................................................

Personnel Summary

72.40

89.00
90.00

1995 actual

Identification code 12–5209–0–2–605

476
496

593
474

437
427

Under section 32 of the act of August 24, 1935, as amended
(7 U.S.C. 612c), an amount equal to 30 percent of customs

73.10
73.20

10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Trust Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.45
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Offsetting governmental collections ............................................ ................... ...................

60.27

Proposed legislation would finance the Federal Administration of Marketing Agreements and Orders on a user fee basis.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

11.1
11.9
12.1
23.3

25.2
25.2
99.0
99.0
99.9

1996 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ............................................. ................... ...................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services:
Other services .......................................................
Other services .......................................................

1997 est.

–6
–6
–1

................... ...................

–1

................... ...................
................... ...................

–1
–1

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ................... ...................
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ................... ...................

–10
10

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

1996 est.

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................

–103

–105

–105

31

31

31

109

105

105

10
103
–108

5
105
–102

8
105
–105

5

8

8

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
108
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

87
15

90
15

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
72.90

86.97
86.98
87.00

................... ...................
................... ...................

Identification code 12–5209–4–2–605

New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

–10

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................
–10

Identification code 12–5209–4–2–605

23.95
24.40

159

1997 est.

1001

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

108

102

105

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

109
108

105
102

105
105

Expenses and refunds, inspection and grading of farm products.—The commodity grading programs provide grading, examination, and certification services for a wide variety of
fresh and processed food commodities using federally approved grade standards and purchase specifications. Commodities graded include poultry, livestock, meat, dairy products,
and fresh and processed fruits and vegetables. These programs use official grade standards which reflect the relative
quality of a particular food commodity based on laboratory
testing and characteristics such as taste, color, weight, and
physical condition. Producers voluntarily request grading and
certification services which are provided on a fee for service
basis.

–122

WORKLOAD INDICATORS
1995 actual

122

Weighted average cost per cwt. (1992 index) ............................

$0.41

1996 est.

1997 est.

$0.40

$0.39

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Deposits of fees from inspection and grading of farm
products .....................................................................
109
105
105
Appropriation:
05.01 Miscellaneous trust funds .............................................
–109
–105
–105
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Dairy products ................................................................
00.02 Fruits and vegetables ....................................................
00.03 Meat grading .................................................................
00.04 Poultry products .............................................................
00.05 Miscellaneous agricultural commodities .......................
10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

6
48
20
23
6

6
48
20
24
7

6
48
20
24
7

103

105

105

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

26
109

31
105

31
105

23.90

135

136

136

Total budgetary resources available for obligation

1995 actual

16

16

16

16

3

5

5

5

19
10

23
11

23
11

23
11

1

1

1

1

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2101 Federal liabilities: Accounts payable ......
2207 Non-Federal liabilities: Unearned revenue (advances): Deposit funds ..........

49

56

56

56

3

4

4

4

11

2999

MISCELLANEOUS TRUST FUNDS

Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

1994 actual

Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

Trust Funds

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Non-Federal assets:
1201
Investments in non-Federal securities,
net ..................................................
1206
Receivables, net ..................................
1803 Other Federal assets: Property, plant
and equipment, net ............................
1999

1996 est.

1997 est.

12

12

12

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3600 Other ........................................................

14

16

16

16

35

40

40

40

3999

Total net position ................................

35

40

40

40

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

49

56

56

56

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

11.1
11.3
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

53
6
8

55
5
8

55
5
8

11.9

Total personnel compensation ..............................

67

68

68

160

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE—Continued
Trust Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

MISCELLANEOUS TRUST FUNDS—Continued
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

12.1
13.0
21.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
25.2
25.3
26.0
31.0
99.5
99.9

1996 est.

Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
16
Benefits for former personnel ........................................
1
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
6
Rental payments to GSA ................................................
1
Rental payments to others ............................................
1
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
2
Other services ................................................................
6
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
1
Supplies and materials .................................................
1
Equipment ......................................................................
1
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

1997 est.

16
1
5
1
1
2
7
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

105

103

16
1
5
1
1
2
7

105

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–9972–0–7–352

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

1995 actual

1996 est.

1,752
155

1,737
161

1997 est.

1,685
161

MILK MARKET ORDERS ASSESSMENT FUND
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Administration ................................................................
Marketing service ...........................................................

31
6

34
5

36
6

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

37

39

42

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
21.90
Fund balance .............................................................
21.91
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................

17
6

20
6

20
6

Total unobligated balance, start of year .............
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

23
37

26
39

26
42

62
–37

65
–39

68
–42

24.90
24.91

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Fund balance .............................................................
U.S. Securities: Par value .........................................

20
6

20
6

20
6

24.99

Total unobligated balance, end of year ....................

26

26

26

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended—under
certain conditions—to issue Federal milk marketing orders
establishing minimum prices which handlers are required to
pay for milk purchased from producers.
Market administrators are appointed by the Secretary and
are responsible for carrying out the terms of specific marketing orders. Their operating expenses, partly financed by assessments on regulated handlers and partly by deductions
from producers, are reported in these schedules. These funds
are collected locally, deposited in local banks, and disbursed
directly by the market administrator.
Expenses of local offices are met from an administrative
fund and a marketing service fund, which are prescribed in
each order. The administrative fund is derived from prorated
handler assessments. The marketing service fund of the individual order disseminates market information to producers
who are not members of a qualified cooperative. It also provides for the verification of the weights, sampling, and testing
of milk from these producers. The cost of these services is
borne by such producers.
The maximum rates for administrative assessment and for
marketing services are set forth in each order and adjustments below these rates are made from time to time upon
recommendations by the market administrator and upon approval of the Agricultural Marketing Service to provide reserves at about a 6-month operating level. Upon termination
of any order, the statute provides for distributing the proceeds
from net assets pro rata to contributing handlers or producers, as the case may be.

21.99
22.00
22.10
23.90
23.95

68.00

73.10
73.20
73.45

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

89.00
90.00

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)

39

42

37
39
42
–37
–39
–42
–2 ................... ...................

27
–30

30
–31

34
–34

36
–36

Net loss ...................................................

–3

–1

..................

..................

0121
0122

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

8
–6

7
–6

5
–5

6
–6

0129

Net income or loss (–) ............................

2

1

..................

..................

0191

37

1995 actual

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

0119

2 ................... ...................

1994 actual

0111
0112

Total revenues .........................................

35

37

39

42

0192

Total expenses .........................................

–36

–37

–39

–42

0199

Net income or loss ..................................

–1

..................

..................

..................

1996 est.

1997 est.

Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
1994 actual

1995 actual

5
2

6
3

6
3

6
3

18
4

17
4

17
4

17
4

1999

29

30

30

30

2999

Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

ASSETS:
Investments in US securities:
1102
Federal assets: Treasury securities,
par ..................................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Other Federal assets:
1801
Cash and other monetary assets .......
1803
Property, plant and equipment, net
Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2201 Non-Federal liabilities: Accounts payable

37

–37

39
39

–39

42
42

–42

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Note.—The administration fund totals are comprised of 33 separate independent order accounts in 1995. The
Marketing Service fund totals are comprised of 31 separate independent order accounts in 1995.

1

1

1

1

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3200 Invested capital .......................................

1

1

1

1

28

29

29

29

3999

37

Total net position ................................

28

29

29

29

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

29

30

30

30

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

11.1
12.1

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................

1995 actual

23
5

1996 est.

24
5

1997 est.

26
5

FARM SERVICE AGENCY
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
21.0
23.2
23.3
25.2
26.0
31.0
99.5

Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

2
2
1
1
1
1
1

2
3
1
1
1
1
1

3
3
1
1
1
1
1

86.90
86.93
86.97

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

37

39

42

87.00

74.40

Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................

161
32

63

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
763
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
324

832
32
308

1995 actual

Identification code 12–8412–0–8–351

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

515
4

1996 est.

515
4

1997 est.

494
4

1,087

1,172

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources ..................................................... ...................
88.40
Non-Federal sources ............................................. ...................

–259
–65

–261
–47

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) .................. ...................

–324

–308

89.00
90.00

Personnel Summary

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

795
763

895
864

FARM SERVICE AGENCY
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses for carrying out the administration and
implementation of programs administered by the øConsolidated¿
Farm Service Agency, ø$795,000,000¿ $820,495,000: Provided, That
the Secretary is authorized to use the services, facilities, and authorities (but not the funds) of the Commodity Credit Corporation to
make program payments for all programs administered by the Agency: Provided further, That other funds made available to the Agency
for authorized activities may be advanced to and merged with this
account: Provided further, That these funds shall be available for
employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of
the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $1,000,000
shall be available for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided
further, That for sales commission payments to reinsurance companies
not paid from the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation Fund, such
sums as may be necessary. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0600–0–1–351

Obligations by program activity:
Program formulation and appraisal ..............................
Inventory management and merchandising ..................
Warehouse examination .................................................
Operation of supply adjustment, conservation and
price support programs .............................................
00.05 Risk management ..........................................................
00.06 Reinsured Companies Sales Commissions ....................
00.07 Farm credit activities (reimbursable) ............................
00.08 Other reimbursable activities ........................................
00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04

1995 actual

...................
...................
...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

38
24
8

37
23
8

...................
703
...................
91
................... ...................
...................
208
...................
47

716
87
75
209
48

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

1,119

1,203

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

1,119
–1,119

1,203
–1,203

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
795
40.05
Appropriation (indefinite) .......................................... ................... ...................

820
75

43.00

Appropriation (total) ............................................. ...................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

795

895

324

308

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

1,119

1,203

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ...................
1,119
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................
–1,087

32
1,203
–1,172

68.00
70.00

72.40

The Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the commodity
price support and production adjustment programs financed
by the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and several conservation cost-share programs, crop insurance and other risk management programs
and farm ownership and operating, emergency, and disaster
loan programs. Also, the administrative support functions of
the Foreign Agricultural Service are being provided by FSA.
This consolidated administrative expenses account includes
funds to cover expenses of programs administered by, and
functions assigned to, the Agency. The funds consist of a
direct appropriation, transfers from program loan accounts
under credit reform procedures, user fees, and advances and
reimbursements from other sources. This is a consolidated
account for administrative expenses of national, regional,
State, and county offices. Beginning in 1997, certain crop
insurance delivery expenses of reinsured companies will also
be paid from the FSA administrative expenses account in
accordance with the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994, P.L. 103–
354. New appropriation language is proposed to facilitate this
requirement.
Program formulation and appraisal.—The supply adjustment, conservation, and commodity support programs, and
the management and merchandising of commodities acquired
under the support program, have a significant impact on the
national and (to a lesser extent) the international economy.
This activity provides for the review and analysis of the effectiveness of these programs.
Inventory management and merchandising.—This activity
includes: (a) overall management of CCC-owned commodities;
(b) purchasing commodities; (c) donating commodities; (d) selling commodities; and (e) accounting for loans and commodities.
Warehouse examination.—This activity provides for the examination of warehouses licensed under the U.S. Warehouse
Act and non-licensed warehouses storing CCC-owned or
pledged commodities. Examiners perform periodic examinations of the facilities and the warehouse records to ensure
protection of depositors against potential losses of the stored
commodities and to ensure compliance with the U.S. Warehouse Act and any CCC storage agreements.
Operation of supply adjustment, conservation and price support programs.—This activity includes all functions dealing
with the administration of programs carried out through the
farmer committee system of the FSA, including: (a) developing
program regulations and procedures; (b) collecting and compiling basic data for individual farms; (c) establishing individual
farm allotments, bases, and yields; (d) notifying producers
of established allotments, bases, and yields; (e) determining
farm marketing quotas; (f) conducting referendums and certifying results; (g) accepting farmer certifications and check-

162

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

ing compliance; (h) accepting producer applications for participation in commodity price stabilizing programs; (i) issuing
marketing cards so that production from the allotted acreage
can be marketed without penalty; (j) processing producer requests for conservation cost-sharing and issuing conservation
reserve rental payments; (k) processing commodity loan documents and issuing checks; (l) processing deficiency and diversion payments and issuing checks; and (m) certifying payment
eligibility and monitoring payment limitations.
Risk Management.—Includes the program activities that
are in direct support of the insurance program. The Federal
Crop Insurance Act of 1994 required the development of new
insurance programs that would assist individual producers
in achieving financial protection against unavoidable causes
of loss. Key provisions of the insurance program are: catastrophic crop insurance protection available at nominal cost
to all producers of insurable crops; a system of ‘‘linkage’’
to other producer programs such as price support, production
adjustment programs, certain loan programs and the Conservation Reserve Program; an enhanced delivery system that
allows a producer to choose to purchase catastrophic coverage
through a crop insurance agent or a local FSA office; and
a non-insured program for losses incurred for most crops that
are not yet insurable. The new insurance program also offers
producers additional coverage to obtain greater protection
against crop losses. Incentives to purchase additional coverage
are partial subsidization of premiums and the automatic inclusion of catastrophic protection, without cost, in the insurance policy. The delivery of additional coverage is provided
by private sector insurance agents. Functions included are
research and development, insurance services, compliance and
emergency and non-insured assistance. Included is policy formulation, procedures, and regulations development. Reviews
and evaluation are conducted for overall performance to ensure the actuarial soundness of the insurance program.
Farm Credit Activities (Reimbursable).—Provides for administering the direct and guaranteed loan programs covered
under the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund (ACIF). Activities include reviewing applications, servicing the loan portfolio, and providing technical assistance and guidance to borrowers. These administrative expenses are transferred to this
consolidated account from the ACIF. Appropriations representing subsidy amounts necessary to support the individual program loan levels under Federal Credit Reform are
made to the ACIF account.
Other Reimbursable Activities.—This includes all FSA activities necessary to provide the Foreign Agricultural Service
with administrative support services under an annual reimbursable agreement.
At the time the 1997 Budget was being prepared, new
farm program legislation was under consideration by Congress. This proposed legislation, if enacted, would result in
significant changes in the workload of the Farm Service Agency in FY 1996 and 1997. Depending on the final outcome
of the legislation, workload compared to FY 1995 could decrease by over 2,000 staff years in 1997, with additional workload reductions in subsequent years. The Administration may
submit a budget amendment for the Salaries and Expenses
account to reflect appropriate adjustments.

11.1
11.3
11.5

1995 actual

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ............................................. ...................
Other than full-time permanent ........................... ...................
Other personnel compensation ............................. ...................

24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0
99.0
99.0
99.5
99.9

1996 est.

147
7
3

1997 est.

139
8
3

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

157
36
1
12
2
1
8

150
33
1
10
2
1
8

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

10
4
28
6
5
525

12
4
105
5
5
558

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
795
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................
324
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ...................

894
308
1

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

1,119

1,203

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0600–0–1–351

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1996 est.

1997 est.

.............................. ...................
and holiday hours ...................

3,489
39

3,206
39

.............................. ...................
and holiday hours ...................

3,792
16

3,561
16

CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses to carry out the conservation reserve program pursuant to the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831–
3845), ø$1,781,785,000¿ $1,924,850,000, to remain available until expended, to be used for Commodity Credit Corporation expenditures
for cost-share assistance for the establishment of conservation practices provided for in approved conservation reserve program contracts,
for annual rental payments provided in such contracts, for the acquisition of environmental easements in the same manner as authorized
in 16 U.S.C. 3839, and for technical assistance. (Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3319–0–1–302

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
10.00

1995 actual

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Cost-sharing assistance ................................................
4
25
Annual rental payments ................................................
1,729
1,804
Easement payments ....................................................... ................... ...................
Technical assistance .....................................................
5
7
Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ...................................

1,738

1,836

1997 est.

66
1,742
163
21
1,992

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0600–0–1–351

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

139
122
67
1,743
1,782
1,925
–23 ................... ...................
1,859
–1,738
122

1,743

1,904
–1,836

1,992
–1,992

67 ...................

1,782

1,925

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
5 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
1,738
1,836
1,992
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–1,732
–1,841
–1,992
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
5 ................... ...................
72.40

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
1,732
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

1,714
127

1,925
67

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1,732

1,841

1,992

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1,743
1,732

1,782
1,841

1,925
1,992

RECONCILIATION OF PROGRAM LEVEL TO APPROPRIATION

changed. Producers are also able to place permanent conservation easements on the highest priority lands.
In accordance with Sec. 725 of the FY 1996 Agriculture
Appropriations Act, no CRP signup will be held during FY
1996. As authorized by the same section, however, 1.6 million
acres will be enrolled during FY 1997.
The appropriation requested for 1997 will be used for annual rental and easement payments due on 1997 and prior
crop years’ contracts and for cost-share and technical assistance on 1997 and prior crop year enrollments.

[In millions of dollars]

1995 actual

1996 est.

Annual rental payments ................................................
Cost-sharing assistance ................................................
Easement payments .......................................................
Technical assistance .....................................................

1,729
4
......................
5

1,804
25
......................
7

1,742
66
163
21

Total program level, current year ....................

1,738

1,836

1,992

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

1997 est.

1995 actual

Identification code 12–3319–0–1–302

¥23
+28

......................
¥54

1,743

1,782

Other services ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................
Total obligations ........................................................

1,925

1996 est.

1997 est.

5
7
22
1,734
1,829
1,970
–1 ................... ...................
1,738

1,836

1,992

......................
¥67

Appropriation, net ..........................................................

25.2
41.0
99.5
99.9

Add:
Funds transferred to other accounts ........................
Change in unobligated balances ..............................

163

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) was mandated
by sections 1231–1244 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (Public Law 99–198), as amended by sections 1411–1499 of the
Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 101–624), and the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation
Act of 1993 (P.L. 103–66), to establish permanent cover on
highly erodible cropland and on cropland posing environmental threats. The primary objectives of the CRP are to
help farmers control critical soil erosion that occurs on about
a third of America’s highly erodible and environmentally sensitive cropland and to decrease production of some surplus
agricultural commodities.
The CRP is authorized in all 50 States, Puerto Rico, and
the Virgin Islands, on all croplands meeting the eligibility
criteria of eroding at three times the soil loss tolerance or
higher, or twice the soil loss tolerance with serious gully
erosion or with an erosion predominance of 662⁄3 percent of
the field if planted to grass or an erosion predominance of
331⁄3 percent if the area is planted to trees. In addition to
cropland in areas adjacent to lakes and streams that can
be devoted to filter strips, and cropland subject to overflow
and suffering from scour erosion, eligible land may include
shelterbelts, windbreaks, cropland contributing to water quality problems, and other lands posing environmental threats.
Also eligible for the CRP are water quality impaired areas
that do not meet the highly erodible land (HEL) criteria,
such as the Chesapeake Bay, Great Lakes, and Long Island
Sound watershed regions.
The program is administered through the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) by State and local committees working
under the general direction of the Secretary.
Under the Food Security Act, as amended by Public Laws
101–624 and 103–66, authority is provided to enter into CRP
contracts through the 1995 crop year. Appropriations are
needed to make annual payments on 10- to 15-year contracts
and for useful life easements on extended acres.
From program inception in 1986 through 1995, approximately 36.4 million acres were enrolled. During 1995, the
Secretary authorized voluntary early termination of CRP contracts, without penalty, on enrolled acres that are less environmentally sensitive, followed by an enrollment of replacement acres that provide for greater environmental benefits.
A total of 684 thousand acres was replaced. CRP contract
holders are eligible to extend CRP contracts up to 10 years,
including altering the CRP lands under contract within a
farm to bring more environmentally sensitive lands under
contract as long as the total number of acres remains un-

Identification code 12–3300–0–1–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Program formulation and appraisal ..............................
Operation of supply adjustment, conservation and
price support .............................................................
00.03 Inventory management and merchandising ..................
00.04 Warehouse examination .................................................

731 ................... ...................
88 ................... ...................
8 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

858 ................... ...................

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

858 ................... ...................
–858 ................... ...................

00.01
00.02

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

31 ................... ...................

721 ................... ...................

137 ................... ...................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

858 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

19
31 ...................
858 ................... ...................
–827
–31 ...................
–19 ................... ...................

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
87.00

31 ................... ...................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
691 ................... ...................
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................
31 ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
137 ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

827

31 ...................

–85 ................... ...................
–52 ................... ...................

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–137 ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

721 ................... ...................
691
31 ...................

Prior to the reorganization of USDA, Congress provided
a separate 1995 appropriation for Agricultural Stabilization
and Conservation Service (ASCS) administrative expenses.

164

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES—Continued

For 1996, a consolidated appropriation account has been enacted for all FSA administrative expenses, which include the
activities of the former ASCS now administered by the FSA.
The schedules shown here reflect final data for the 1995
ASCS account, which has now been eliminated.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3300–0–1–351

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0
99.0
99.0
99.5
99.9

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

1996 est.

1997 est.

106 ................... ...................
9 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................
117
26
3
5
2
1
7

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

7
3
15
4
1
530

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
721 ................... ...................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
137 ................... ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

858 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary

Provided further, That such amounts shall be available for the purchase of seeds, fertilizers, lime, trees, or any other conservation materials, or any soil-terracing services, and making grants thereof to
agricultural producers to aid them in carrying out approved farming
practices as authorized by the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, as amended, as determined and recommended by the county committees, approved by the State committees and the Secretary,
under programs provided for herein: Provided further, That such assistance will not be used for carrying out measures and practices
that are primarily production-oriented or that have little or no conservation or pollution abatement benefits: Provided further, That not
to exceed 5 percent of the allocation for the current year’s program
øfor any county may, on the recommendation of such county committee and approval of the State committee,¿ may be withheld and
allotted to the Natural Resources Conservation Service for services
of its technicians in formulating and carrying out the agricultural
conservation program in the participating counties, and shall not
be utilized by the Natural Resources Conservation Service for any
purpose other than technical and other assistance in such counties,
and in addition, on the recommendation of such county committee
and approval of the State committee, not to exceed 1 percent may
be made available to any other Federal, State, or local public agency
for the same purpose and under the same conditions: Provided further, That not to exceed ø$11,000,000¿ $15,000,000 of the amount
appropriated shall be used for water quality payments and practices
in the same manner as permitted under the program for water quality authorized in chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food
Security Act of 1985, as amended (16 U.S.C. 3838 et seq.). (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3315–0–1–302

1995 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

109

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

40
100

10.00

1996 est.

106

1997 est.

75

21.40
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3300–0–1–351

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

..............................
and holiday hours

..............................
and holiday hours

1996 est.

1997 est.

2,713 ................... ...................
25 ................... ...................

302 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

140
–109

31 ...................
75
75
106
–106

75
–75

31 ................... ...................

100

75

75

194
109
–145

159
106
–139

125
75
–96

159

125

104

72.40

AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses to carry into effect the program authorized
in sections 7 to 15, 16(a), 16(f), and 17 of the Soil Conservation
and Domestic Allotment Act approved February 29, 1936, as amended
and supplemented (16 U.S.C. 590g–590o, 590p(a), 590p(f), and 590q),
and sections 1001–1004, 1006–1008, and 1010 of the Agricultural
Act of 1970, as added by the Agriculture and Consumer Protection
Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1501–1504, 1506–1508, and 1510), and including not to exceed $15,000 for the preparation and display of exhibits,
including such displays at State, interstate, and international fairs
within the United States, $75,000,000, to remain available until expended (16 U.S.C. 590o), for agreements, excluding administration
but including technical assistance and related expenses (16 U.S.C.
590o), except that no participant in the agricultural conservation
program shall receive more than $3,500 per year, except where the
participants from two or more farms or ranches join to carry out
approved practices designed to conserve or improve the agricultural
resources of the community, or where a participant has a long-term
agreement, in which case the total payment shall not exceed the
annual payment limitation multiplied by the number of years of
the agreement: Provided, That no portion of the funds for the current
year’s program may be utilized to provide financial or technical assistance for drainage on wetlands now designated as Wetlands Types
3 (III) through 20 (XX) in United States Department of the Interior,
Fish and Wildlife Circular 39, Wetlands of the United States, 1956:

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

27
118

29
110

31
65

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

145

139

96

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

100
145

75
139

75
96

The primary objectives of the program are to conserve soil
and water resources. Along with annual agreements, cost
sharing is authorized for long-term agreements of 3–10 years.
The program is administered by county committees, with
review and approval by State committees and the Secretary.
Technical assistance is provided by the Natural Resources
Conservation Service and by the Forest Service.
The 1996 program level of $75 million will be allocated
to States based on the highest priority soil and water resource
problems and is expected to treat 2.1 million acres. Practices
are expected to prevent approximately 9.4 million tons of

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

soil erosion and save 201,000 acre-feet of water. The requested 1997 program level of $75 million will also be allocated to States based on the highest priority soil and water
resource problems and is expected to treat 1.9 million acres.
Soil erosion control and water conservation practices are expected to prevent approximately 8.6 million tons of soil erosion and save 183,000 acre-feet of water.
The 1997 budget proposes funding for activities consistent
with the Government-wide water quality initiative as well
as practices that help solve soil and water conservation problems identified in State and county ACP plans. The 1997
budget directs funding for water quality incentive projects
on eligible lands to meet water quality standards or goals.
Approximately 787,000 acres will be treated with practices
that address water quality improvement objectives.
Approximately 102,000 acres will be treated to address
other conservation needs such as rangeland improvement and
wildlife habitat establishment.
Cost-sharing on 35,000 acres will plant about 23.4 million
trees to improve and replenish forest land.

STATE MEDIATION GRANTS
For grants pursuant to section 502(b) of the Agricultural Credit
Act of 1987, as amended (7 U.S.C. 5101–5106), ø$2,000,000¿
$3,000,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0170–0–1–351

1996 est.

EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

3

2

3

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

3
–3

2
–2

3
–3

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

3

2

3

2
3
–3

2
2
–2

2
3
–3

2

2

2

1
1
1 ...................

1
1

3

1995 actual

Identification code 12–3316–0–1–453

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

27

1996 est.

1997 est.

16 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
21
16 ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ...................................
23 ................... ...................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
–1 ................... ...................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

43
–27

16 ...................
–16 ...................

16 ................... ...................

72.40

26
27
–27

26
12
16 ...................
–30
–12

26

12 ...................

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

27

30

12

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

27

30

12

89.00
90.00

1997 est.

165

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
27
30
12

This program was authorized by the Agricultural Credit
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201–05). It provides funds for sharing
the cost of emergency measures to deal with cases of severe
damage to farmlands and rangelands resulting from natural
disasters.
In fiscal year 1995, pursuant to P.L. 103–330, enacted September 30, 1994, $23 million was transferred to the Emergency Conservation Program, to remain available until expended, from funding appropriated to Watershed and Flood
Prevention Operations. Under the 1995 program, cost-sharing
and technical assistance were provided in 39 States to treat
farmlands damaged by floods, hurricanes, tornadoes,
wildfires, and drought. The 1995 program rehabilitated approximately 873,795 acres of farmland damaged by these natural disasters as well as Hurricanes Andrew and Iniki, Typhoon Omar, and the Midwest Flood of 1993.
No funding was provided in FY 1996 Agriculture Appropriations Act for this program. The 1997 budget proposes no
funding.

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2

OUTREACH
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

3
3

2
2

3
3

This grant program is authorized by Title V of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987, P.L. 100–233. Grants are made
to States which have been certified by the Farm Service Agency as having an agricultural loan mediation program. A grant
will not exceed 50 percent of the total fiscal year funds that
a qualifying State requires to operate and administer its agricultural loan mediation program. In no case will the total
amount of a grant exceed $500,000 annually.

SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS

For grants and contracts pursuant to section 2501 of the Food,
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279),
ø$1,000,000¿ $3,000,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–0601–0–1–351

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

1995 actual

6

1996 est.

1997 est.

1

3

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

3 ................... ...................
3
1
3

23.90

6

21.90

GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars). .................................

FOR

18
3

1996 est.

12
2

1997 est.

18
3

Total budgetary resources available for obligation

1

3

166

FARM SERVICE AGENCY—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
23.95

OUTREACH

FOR

–68 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

69 ................... ...................

SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–0601–0–1–351

1996 est.

1997 est.

New obligations .............................................................

–6

–1

–3

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

3

1

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.90 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance ............................................................. ...................
5 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
6
1
3
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–1
–6
–1
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
5 ...................
3
Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
1
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

1
1
3 ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1

6

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
1

1
6

3
1

Farm Outreach and Assistance Grants.—This program is
authorized under section 2501 of Title XXV of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990. The Secretary
of Agriculture is empowered to make grants to eligible community-based organizations with demonstrated experience in
providing education on other agriculture-related services to
socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers in their area
of influence. Also eligible are the 1890 Land-Grant Colleges,
Tuskegee University, Indian tribal community colleges and
post-secondary education facilities serving Hispanics.
GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

1996 est.

20
6

1997 est.

3
1

9
3

CORPORATIONS
The following corporations and agencies are hereby authorized to
make expenditures, within the limits of funds and borrowing authority available to each such corporation or agency and in accord with
law, and to make contracts and commitments without regard to fiscal
year limitations as provided by section 104 of the Government Corporation Control Act, as amended, as may be necessary in carrying
out the programs set forth in the budget for the current fiscal year
for such corporation or agency, except as hereinafter provided. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

ADMINISTRATIVE

AND

1996 est.

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

89.00
90.00

33 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

58 ................... ...................
124
33 ...................
182

33 ...................

69 ................... ...................
182
33 ...................

Prior to the reorganization of USDA, Congress provided
a separate 1995 appropriation for Federal Crop Insurance
Corporation (FCIC) administrative expenses. For 1996, a consolidated appropriation account has been enacted for all FSA
administrative expenses, which include the FCIC activities
now administered by FSA. The schedules shown here reflect
final data for the 1995 FCIC administrative and operating
account, which has now been eliminated.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2707–0–1–351

1996 est.

1997 est.

11.1
11.3
11.5

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................
Other than full-time permanent ...............................
Other personnel compensation ..................................

28 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Benefits for former personnel ........................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

31
7
2
2
1
2
1
20
1
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

68 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–2707–0–1–351

1995 actual

Total compensable workyears:
1001 Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
1005 Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

1996 est.

1997 est.

684 ................... ...................
3 ................... ...................

FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION FUND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

86.90
86.93

143
33 ...................
68 ................... ...................
–182
–33 ...................
4 ................... ...................

Public enterprise funds:

OPERATING EXPENSES

Identification code 12–2707–0–1–351

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

23.95

86.90
86.93

New obligations .............................................................

40.00

General and special funds—Continued

1997 est.

00.01
00.04
00.05

Obligations by program activity:
Research and Development ...........................................
Insurance Services .........................................................
Program Management and Administrative Support ......

10 ................... ...................
36 ................... ...................
22 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

68 ................... ...................

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

69 ................... ...................
–1 ................... ...................

23.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation

68 ................... ...................

For payments as authorized by section 516 of the Federal Crop
Insurance Act, as amended, such sums as may be necessary, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b).
DAIRY INDEMNITY PROGRAM
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses involved in making indemnity payments
to dairy farmers for milk or cows producing such milk and manufacturers of dairy products who have been directed to remove their
milk or dairy products from commercial markets because it contained
residues of chemicals registered and approved for use by the Federal
Government, and in making indemnity payments for milk, or cows
producing such milk, at a fair market value to any dairy farmer
who is directed to remove his milk from commercial markets because

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
of (1) the presence of products of nuclear radiation or fallout if such
contamination is not due to the fault of the farmer, or (2) residues
of chemicals or toxic substances not included under the first sentence
of the Act of August 13, 1968, as amended (7 U.S.C. 450j), if such
chemicals or toxic substances were not used in a manner contrary
to applicable regulations or labeling instructions provided at the time
of use and the contamination is not due to the fault of the farmer,
$100,000, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b): Provided, That none of the funds contained in this Act shall be used
to make indemnity payments to any farmer whose milk was removed
from commercial markets as a result of his willful failure to follow
procedures prescribed by the Federal Government: Provided further,
That this amount shall be transferred to the Commodity Credit Corporation: Provided further, That the Secretary is authorized to utilize
the services, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation for the purpose of making dairy indemnity disbursements.
(Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4085–0–3–351

00.01
00.02
00.91

Obligations by program activity:
Indemnities, MMA ..........................................................
Other expenses ...............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

4 ................... ...................
427
477
457
431

477

457

01.01

Total direct program .................................................
Reimbursable program:
Reimbursable program: Reimbursable program .......

2,417

1,989

2,020

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

2,848

2,466

2,477

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................

410
2,375

216
2,327

616
2,314

21.90

23.90
23.95
24.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

279

539 ...................

3,064
–2,848

3,082
–2,466

2,930
–2,477

216

616

453

1,690

1,650

1,591

685

677

723

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

2,375

2,327

2,314

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

303
2,848
–1,072
–279

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98
87.00

1,800
1,044
2,466
2,477
–2,683
–2,450
–539 ...................
1,044

1,071

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
920
Outlays from current balances ......................................
60
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................
92

746
1,260
407
270

683
1,044
434
289

2,683

2,450

1,072

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–685

–677

–723

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1,690
387

1,650
2,006

1,591
1,727

89.00
90.00

and/or uncontrollable events. The Federal Crop Insurance Reform Act of 1994 made significant changes in the program
to provide more of the Nation’s farmers with an on-going
source of risk protection and to reduce the need for ad hoc
disaster payment assistance.
To be eligible for benefits under the price support or production adjustment program, the Conservation Reserve Program,
or farm credit programs, the producer must obtain at least
the catastrophic level of coverage for each insurable crop of
economic significance grown on each farm in the county in
which the producer has an interest. Catastrophic crop insurance protection will be fully subsidized with the exception
of a minor processing fee to be paid by the farmer. This
will compensate the farmer for yield losses exceeding 50 percent of a yield and at a price equal to 60 percent of a maximum price.
Additional protection at higher levels of coverage will continue to be offered. Coverage levels will be subsidized to the
extent of the premium on at least the catastrophic level of
coverage and the delivery costs.
A noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program is available to provide coverage equivalent to the catastrophic risk
protection in areas where catastrophic risk protection is not
available and if such crop is produced for food or fiber.
The 1995 appropriation and 1994 Reform Act funding provisions provided sufficient funding for crop year 1995 to insure
236.2 million acres with an estimated $1,550 million in total
premium income, including $990.8 million in premium subsidy.
The following table compares the scope of the insurance
operations planned for 1997. Amounts in the 1995 column
are as of September 30, 1995, and pertain to the 1995 crop
year.
The Corporation’s budget is presented in accordance with
generally accepted accounting principles, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Statement No. 60, ‘‘Accounting and Reporting by Insurance Enterprises,’’ and Statement No. 5, ‘‘Accounting for Contingencies.’’
Under the Dairy Indemnity Program (DIP), payments are
made to farmers and manufacturers who are directed to remove their milk or milk products from commercial markets
because they contain residues of chemicals that have been
registered and approved for use by the Federal Government,
other chemicals, nuclear radiation, or nuclear fallout. Indemnification may also be paid for cows producing such milk.
In 1996, an estimated $400 thousand will be paid to producers and manufacturers who file claims under the program.
The 1997 budget requests $100 thousand for this program.
1995
crop year
actual

1996
crop year
estimate

1997
crop year
estimate

The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) is a whollyowned government Corporation which provides crop insurance
to crop producers against losses because of unavoidable causes

Number of States ...........................................................
Number of counties .......................................................
Insurance in force (millions) .........................................
Insured acreage (millions) .............................................

50
3,022
26,222
236

50
3,022
27,203
239

50
3,022
27,958
243

Farmers premium (millions)1 ........................................
Premium subsidy (millions)1 .........................................

649
901

755
1,031

790
991

Total premium (millions)1 ................................

1,550

1,786

1,781

Indemnities (thousands)1 ..............................................
Loss ratio .......................................................................

1,800

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

167

1,628
1.05

a1,965

a1,959

1.10

1.10

1 Includes

amounts that will appear on the books of the reinsured companies. The Corporation records will
only reflect the net reinsurance income and net reinsurance loss.
a DIP indemnities are included in these figures.

Financing.—The Corporation is authorized under the Federal Crop Insurance Act, as amended, to use funds from the
issuance of capital stock which provides working capital for
the Corporation.
Receipts, which are for deposit to this fund, come mainly
from premiums paid by farmers. The principal payments from

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

168

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
2999

Public enterprise funds—Continued
FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION FUND—Continued
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

this fund are for indemnities to insured farmers, and agents’
commissions.
Premium subsidies are authorized by section 508(b) of the
Federal Crop Insurance Act, as amended, and are received
from both those insured and through appropriations.

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3200 Invested capital .......................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............
3500 Future funding requirements ..................
3600 Other ........................................................

929

2,024

1,617

1,617

13
2
–3,869
–7
4,496

8
2
–3,815
–6
4,496

10
2
–5,605
–7
6,141

10
2
–7,359
–7
7,895

3999

Total net position ................................

635

685

541

541

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

1,564

2,709

2,158

2,158

PREMIUM AND SUBSIDY
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

[In millions of dollars]

1995
fiscal year
actual

1996
fiscal year
estimate

1997
fiscal year
estimate

Identification code 12–4085–0–3–351

Premiums:
Producer premium ...................................................................
(Government operations) ....................................................
(Reinsurance operations) ...................................................
Amount of subsidies ...............................................................
(Government operations) ....................................................
Additional coverage ................................................................
(Catastrophic coverage) .....................................................

675
3
672
765
1
412
352

739
0
739
1,012
0
530
482

785
0
785
997
0
569
428

21.0
22.0
25.2
42.0

Total premiums ..............................................................

1,440

1,751

1,782

Indemnities ..................................................................................
(Government operations) .........................................................
Additional coverage .....................................................................
(Catastrophic coverage) .....................................................
(Noninsured Assistance Program) ......................................

2,421
4
1,816
541
60

1,989
0
1,399
530
60

2,020
0
1,490
470
60

For crop years 1948 through 1994, indemnities ($12,821.5
million) exceeded premium income ($9,413.8 million) by
$3,407.7 million; the loss ratio for the period was 1.36.
The following table summarizes the insurance operations
for fiscal years 1995, 1996 and 1997:
[In millions of dollars]

1996 fiscal
year
estimate

1997 fiscal
year
estimate

Premiums over indemnities ...........................................
Interest expense, net .....................................................
Delivery expenses ...........................................................
Other income or expense, net (¥) ...............................
Reinsurance underwriting gain (+) or loss (¥) ..........
Research and Development start up expense ...............

¥1,746
0
¥408
0
¥1
¥7

¥1,250
0
¥470
0
¥63
¥7

¥1,235
0
a¥375
0
¥62
¥7

Net income or loss (¥) ................................................

¥2,162

¥1,790

¥1,679

a Excludes

$75 million in sales commission expenses to be paid by Farm Service Agency via a current indefinite

appropriation.

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4085–0–3–351

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

615
–766

685
–2,848

677
–2,467

723
–2,402

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–151

–2,163

–1,790

–1,679

0199

Net income or loss ..................................

–151

–2,163

–1,790

–1,679

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
1803 Other Federal assets: Property, plant
and equipment, net ............................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

951
611

2,136
571

1,456
700

1,456
700

2

2

2

2

1101

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2105
Other ...................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2207
Other ...................................................

1997 est.

1 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................
424
477
457
4 ................... ...................
431

477

457

42.0
42.0
42.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations:
Insurance claims and indemnities:
Insurance claims and indemnities (CAT) .............
Insurance claims and indemnities (Rein) ............
Insurance claims and indemnities (NAP) .............
Subtotal, reimbursable obligations ...............................

541
1,816
60
2,417

530
1,399
60
1,989

470
1,490
60
2,020

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

2,848

2,466

2,477

Public enterprise funds:
COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND

For fiscal year ø1996¿ 1997, such sums as may be necessary to
reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for net realized losses
sustained, but not previously reimbursed ø(estimated to be
$10,400,000,000 in the President’s fiscal year 1996 Budget Request
(H. Doc. 104–4)), but not to exceed $10,400,000,000¿, pursuant to
section 2 of the Act of August 17, 1961, as amended (15 U.S.C.
713a–11).
øOPERATIONS

AND MAINTENANCE FOR¿ HAZARDOUS WASTE
MANAGEMENT

For fiscal year ø1996¿ 1997, the Commodity Credit Corporation
shall not expend more than $10,150,000 for site investigation and
cleanup expenses; $5,000,000 for operations and maintenance expenses
to comply with the requirement of section 107(g) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, as
amended, 42 U.S.C. 9607(g), and section 6001 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 6961ø: Provided,
That expenses shall be for operations and maintenance costs only
and that other hazardous waste management costs shall be paid
for by the USDA Hazardous Waste Management appropriation in
this Act¿; and $600,000 to conduct a private water well testing initiative.
SHORT-TERM EXPORT CREDIT

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4085–0–3–351

1996 est.

REIMBURSEMENT FOR NET REALIZED LOSSES

NET INCOME OR LOSS (Ø) ON INSURANCE OPERATIONS
1995 fiscal
year
actual

99.0

Direct obligations:
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Other services ............................................................
Insurance claims and indemnities (Gov’t) ...............

1995 actual

1,564

2,709

2,158

2,158

9
156

3
183

5
150

5
150

113
651

221
1,617

200
1,262

200
1,262

The Commodity Credit Corporation shall make available not less
than ø$5,200,000,000¿ $5,000,000,000 in credit guarantees under its
export credit guarantee program for short-term credit extended to
finance the export sales of United States agricultural commodities
and the products thereof, as authorized by section 202(a) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5641).
INTERMEDIATE-TERM EXPORT CREDIT

The Commodity Credit Corporation shall make available not less
than $500,000,000 in credit guarantees under its export credit guarantee program for intermediate-term credit extended to finance the
export sales of United States agricultural commodities and the products thereof, as authorized by section 202(b) of the Agricultural Trade
Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5641). (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
72.90

Fund balance ........................................................

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40

74.47
74.90

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow ...............................................
Fund balance ........................................................

...................
...................

74.99

1997 est.

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 70% customs duties on wool, reimbursement for
costs of National Wool Act ........................................
211
108
Appropriation:
05.01 Commodity credit corporation fund ...............................
–211
–108
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ...................
01.99

1997 est.

...................

...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Support and related programs:
Operating expenses:
00.01
Commodity purchases and related inventory
transactions ......................................................
909
841
922
00.02
Storage, transportation, and other obligations
not included above ...........................................
1,194
1,414
1,411
00.03
Producer storage payments ..................................
23 ................... ...................
Direct producer payments:
00.04
Feed Grains ...................................................... ...................
299
580
00.05
Wheat ................................................................
86
439
720
00.06
Rice ...................................................................
468
570
622
00.07
Cotton ...............................................................
45
81
537
00.08
Wool and Mohair .............................................. ...................
59 ...................
00.09
Certificates issued ...........................................
2 ................... ...................
00.10
Crop disaster ....................................................
584
20 ...................
00.11
Livestock assistance ........................................
74
80
80
00.12
Tree/Forage Assistance .....................................
2 ................... ...................
00.16
Operating expenses: other ....................................
12
12
7
Interest expenses:
00.17
Treasury ............................................................
472
168
226
00.18
Other .................................................................
18
17
17
00.91

3,889

4,000

5,122

01.01
01.02

Total operating expenses .................................
Capital investment:
Direct loans:
Commodity ........................................................
Purchase of administrative equipment ............

9,231
60

5,700
94

7,059
81

01.91

Total capital investment ..................................

9,291

5,794

7,140

01.92

Total support and related programs ....................
Special activities:
Operating expenses:
Commodities transferred from support program
and commodities ..............................................
Interest (wool program) ........................................
Wool program payment expenses .........................
Other PL 480 expenses .........................................

13,180

9,794

291

169
83

83

13,382
23,001
21,641
14,354
10,690
13,153
–17,692
–12,050
–12,290
12,957 ................... ...................

22,918
83

21,558
83

22,421
83

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

23,001

21,641

22,504

86.90
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

5
2,216
15,471

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

17,692

5 ...................
2,384
4,305
9,661
7,985
12,050

12,290

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Sales to special activities ................................
–681
–574
–567
88.00
Interest revenue ................................................
–12 ................... ...................
88.00
Other revenue ...................................................
–3
–3
–3
88.00
Advance from foreign assistance programs
(P.L. 480) .....................................................
–966
–896
–891
Non-Federal sources (62 stat.1070): Support and
related programs:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Sales and other proceeds ............................
–257
–185
–116
88.40
Assessments and loan origination fees ......
–321
–301
–289
88.40
Interest revenue ...........................................
–338
–134
–123
88.40
Realization of assets ................................... ................... ...................
–1
88.40
Other revenue ...............................................
–30 ................... ...................
88.40
Loans repaid ................................................
–9,430
–6,217
–6,792
88.40
Commodity certificates redeemed ...............
–9 ................... ...................
Repayments by importers:
88.40
Short-term export credit sales program ..........
–2
–2
–3
88.40
Sales of inventory on credit terms ..................
–9
–2 ...................
88.40
Interest revenue ................................................
–79
–30
–30

12,262

02.01
02.02
02.03
02.04

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–12,137

–8,344

–8,815

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

2,202
5,555

2,353
3,706

4,338
3,475

NOTES

681
574
567
9 ................... ...................
98 ................... ...................
386
322
324

02.91

Total special activities .........................................

1,174

896

891

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

14,354

10,690

13,153

22.00
22.20

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance transferred ...................................

14,339
15

10,697
13,153
–7 ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

14,354
–14,354

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................

88.90

15,475
–15,475

10,690
–10,690

10,400
–10,400

13,153
–13,153

1,500
–1,500

Contingent liabilities, commitments, and other obligations do not become charges against the statutory borrowing
authority until they result in borrowing from Treasury.
Excludes amounts for activities currently funded in the CCC Export Guarantee Loan Programs account.

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

SHORT TERM CREDIT LOANS
Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
1261 Adjustments: Capitalized interest .................................

356
385
383
–2
–2
–3
31 ................... ...................

1290

385

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

383

380

COMMODITY LOANS
Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
1131 Direct loan obligations exempt from limitation ............
9,230
5,700
7,059

60.25
67.10
68.00
70.00

Appropriation (total) ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Permanent:
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ....................
211
108 ...................
Authority to borrow (15 U.S.C. 713a–4) ...................
1,991
2,245
4,338
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
12,137
8,344
8,815
Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.47
Authority to borrow ...............................................

14,339

13,091

10,697

22,918

1150

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

9,230

5,700

7,059

1210
1231
1251
1264

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net .............

2,732
9,230
–9,430
–163

2,369
5,700
–6,217
–144

1,708
7,059
–6,792
–78

1290

43.00

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

2,369

1,708

1,897

SALE OF INVENTORY ON CREDIT TERMS
Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210
Outstanding, start of year ........................................

41

32

30

13,153

21,558

170

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Public enterprise funds—Continued

to a lesser amount, CCC outlays would be estimated to increase.
Appropriations are made to reimburse the Corporation for
net realized losses sustained in carrying out its operations:

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND—Continued
INTERMEDIATE-TERM EXPORT CREDIT—Continued

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–351

1251
1290

Repayments: Repayments and prepayments ............
Outstanding, end of year ......................................

1995 actual

–9
32

1997 ESTIMATE

1996 est.

1997 est.

–2 ...................
30

[In millions of dollars]

30

The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) was created to:
stabilize, support, and protect farm income and prices; help
maintain balanced and adequate supplies of agricultural commodities, their products, foods, feeds, and fibers; and help
in their orderly distribution.
The Corporation’s capital stock of $100 million is held by
the U.S. Treasury. Under present law, up to $30 billion may
be borrowed from the U.S. Treasury to finance operations.
Current, indefinite appropriation authority is requested to
cover all net realized losses. Appropriations to the Corporation
for net realized losses have no effect on budget authority,
as they are used to repay debt directly with the Treasury.
Budget assumptions.—The following general assumptions
form the basis for the Corporation’s 1996 and 1997 budget
estimates: (a) national income will rise both in 1996 and
1997 from the present level; (b) 1996 crop production will
increase from 1995 crop levels for most commodities; (c) generally, exports of agricultural commodities in 1997 are expected to be slightly lower than 1996 levels; (d) yields for
the 1996 crops are based on recent averages adjusted for
trend; (e) acreage allotments and marketing quotas will be
in effect for the 1996 crops of certain kinds of tobacco; (f)
poundage quotas will be in effect for the 1996 crop of peanuts;
and (g) market conditions are projected to result in the use
of corn for ethanol continuing to expand over the next several
years, despite court action preventing implementation of ethanol regulations proposed by the Environmental Protection
Agency in December 1993.
It is difficult to accurately forecast requirements for the
year ending September 30, 1997, since the projections are
subject to complex and unpredictable factors such as weather,
other factors which affect the volume of production of crops
not yet planted, feed and food needs here and overseas, and
available dollar exchange. Outlays for the Commodity Credit
Corporation are projected here on the basis of provisions enacted in the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act
of 1990 (the 1990 Act). Although these authorities for most
program crops expired with the 1995 crop, farm bill legislation extending or revising the authorities had not been enacted by the time these budget estimates were prepared. In
the absence of new legislation extending or revising these
provisions, statutory authority for wheat, feed grains, rice,
and extra long staple (ELS) cotton revert to authority provided in the Agricultural Act of 1949, the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, and the Commodity Credit Corporation
Charter Act. Outlays for these 1996 crops are estimated to
total about $2 billion under provisions of the 1990 Act. Under
permanent law provisions, outlays for these crops are estimated to total between $10 billion and $12 billion.
The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) also significantly
affects the CCC budget estimates, since there are significant
interactive effects between the two baselines. The CRP is
assumed to fall from current levels of about 36.4 million acres
to about 27.9 million acres in 2002. The crop assumptions
reflect a combination of assumptions for early terminations
of contracts expiring in 1996, a new enrollment in 1997 to
add approximately 1.6 million acres, and contract extensions
and modifications at maturity. If CRP acreage were limited

Program

Gross
obligations

Short-term and intermediate export credit sales ....................... ....................
Commodity loans .........................................................................
7,059
Feed grain payments ...................................................................
580
Wheat payments ..........................................................................
720
Rice payments .............................................................................
622
Cotton payments .........................................................................
537
Other support and related ..........................................................
2,288
Other items not distributed by program:
Interest ....................................................................................
243
All other ..................................................................................
214
Total (support and related stabilization programs) ......

12,263

Net outlays

Net realized
loss for year

–3 ....................
361
77
–472
580
187
720
609
622
303
537
1,293
1,319
58
1,139

91
177

3,475

4,123

PROGRAMS OF THE CORPORATION

Price support and related stabilization programs.—The Corporation conducts programs to support farm income and
prices and stabilize the market for agricultural commodities.
Price support is provided to producers of agricultural commodities through loans, purchases, payments, and other means.
This is done mainly under the Commodity Credit Corporation
Charter Act, as amended, the Agricultural Act of 1949, as
amended, and the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as
amended.
Price support is mandatory for the basic commodities—corn,
cotton, wheat, rice, peanuts, and tobacco. The Agricultural
Act of 1949, as amended, also requires support of the following nonbasic commodities: honey, milk, barley, oats, rye, grain
sorghum, sugar, and oilseeds. Support for other nonbasic commodities is discretionary. The support program may also include operations to remove and dispose of surplus agricultural
commodities in order to stabilize prices at levels not in excess
of those permissible by law.
One method of providing support is loans to and purchases
from producers. With limited exceptions, loans made on commodities are nonrecourse. The commodities serve as collateral
for the loan and on maturity the producer may deliver or
forfeit such collateral to satisfy the loan obligation without
further payment.
Direct purchases are also made from processors as well
as producers, depending on the commodity involved. Also,
special purchases are made under various laws for the removal of surpluses; for example, the Act of August 19, 1958,
as amended, and section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949,
as amended.
Acreage limitation program.—The Agricultural Act of 1949,
as amended, authorizes the Secretary to establish, through
the Corporation, acreage limitation programs for the 1991
through 1995 crops of wheat, feed grains, upland cotton, extra
long staple cotton, and rice. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 amended the Agricultural Act of 1949 to
authorize the Secretary to also establish, through the Corporation, acreage limitation programs for the 1996 and 1997
crops of upland cotton.
Marketing assessments/loan origination fees.—The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 and the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 amended the
National Wool Act of 1954 and the Agricultural Act of 1949
to require marketing assessments for wool and mohair, malting barley, peanuts, tobacco, honey, dairy, and sugar. A two
percent loan origination fee was required for oilseeds. The
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 amended the National Wool Act of 1954 and the Agricultural Act of 1949
to eliminate marketing assessments for wool and mohair effective with the 1993 marketing year and for honey effective

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

with the 1994 crop year. The two percent loan origination
fee for oilseeds was also eliminated effective with the 1994
crop year. Marketing assessments for peanuts, tobacco, and
sugar were also increased.
Options Pilot Program.—The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (P.L. 101–624), as amended,
authorizes the Secretary to conduct a pilot program for the
1991 through 1995 crops of corn and for the 1993 through
1995 crops of wheat and soybeans to determine whether options trading can be used by producers to obtain protection
from price fluctuations and the impact of such trading on
market prices of the commodities. An Options Pilot Program
was implemented for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 crops of corn,
wheat, and soybeans.
Land diversion payments.—The Secretary is authorized to
establish paid land diversion programs for wheat, feed grains,
upland cotton, extra long staple (ELS) cotton, and rice.
Producer eligibility.—Producers of wheat, feed grains, upland cotton, ELS cotton, and rice must comply with acreage
limitation provisions in order to be eligible for price support
loans and purchases, deficiency payments, and other program
benefits.
Deficiency payments.—The Agricultural Act of 1949, as
amended, establishes: (1) minimum established ‘‘target’’ prices
for the 1991 through 1995 crops of the following commodities—wheat, corn, upland cotton, rice, and ELS cotton; (2)
minimum price support loan and purchase levels for wheat,
feed grains, and rice; and (3) minimum price support loan
levels for upland cotton and ELS cotton. The Omnibus Budget
Reconciliation Act of 1993 amended the Agricultural Act of
1949 to also establish minimum target prices for the 1996
and 1997 crops of upland cotton. The Extra Long Staple Cotton Program, however, as a result of the Agricultural Act
of 1949, as amended, will end after the 1995 crop of cotton.
Deficiency payments for each of the commodities are required
when the target price for the commodity exceeds the national
average market price or the price support loan level, whichever is higher. The target prices for grain sorghum and oats
and, if designated by the Secretary, barley, are established
at a level which is fair and reasonable in relation to the
target prices established for corn. These payments may be
paid by cash or on a non-cash basis, including payments
in the form of commodities or commodity certificates that
may be exchanged for commodities owned by CCC.
Disaster payments.—The Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Appropriations
Act, 1995, P.L. 103–330, enacted September 30, 1994, made
funds available for 1994 crop losses due to natural disasters.
The use of CCC funds was authorized, to be made available
only to the extent the President declares such funds to be
an ‘‘emergency requirement’’ under the Balanced Budget and
Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 and submits a budget
request for a specific dollar amount. The President submitted
a budget request for the use of $1,000,000,000 in CCC funds
on November 3, 1994.
The Federal Crop Insurance Reform Act of 1994, P.L. 103–
354, was enacted on October 13, 1994. The reform provisions
remove the authority in the Agricultural Act of 1949 for disaster payments and expand current crop insurance authorities
to provide for catastrophic coverage at 50 percent yield protection at a flat fee for crops currently covered by insurance
programs. Crop insurance coverage, where available, will be
mandatory for participants of the price and income support
programs. Where crop insurance is not available, producers
of crops for food and fiber and certain other crops will be
covered under a Noninsured Assistance Program. The program will reimburse producers at the same rates and terms
as the catastrophic program where assistance is triggered
by area wide disasters.

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

171

Marketing loan and certificate programs.—The Agricultural
Act of 1949, as amended, provides for a mandatory marketing
loan program for each of the 1991 through 1995 crops of
rice, upland cotton, and oilseeds and a discretionary marketing loan program for each of the 1991 through 1995 crops
of wheat, feed grains, and honey. Under a marketing loan
program, a producer may repay a price support loan at a
level that is lower than the original loan rate. Section 1302
of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 provides
that the Secretary shall permit producers to repay price support loans for 1993 through 1995 crops of wheat and feed
grains at such a lower level under certain circumstances relating to achievement of an agricultural trade agreement in connection with the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
(GATT). The Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended, provides
for payments, in the form of negotiable marketing certificates,
to first handlers of upland cotton (persons regularly engaged
in buying or selling upland cotton) and also provides for a
marketing certificate program for rice producers. CCC certificates issued totaled $57 million in FY 1994 and $2 million
in FY 1995 and were almost entirely issued for the Upland
Cotton User Marketing Program.
The Food Security Act of 1985, as amended, authorizes
the Dairy Export Incentive Program (DEIP) through calendar
year 1995. DEIP provides subsidies to exporters of U.S. dairy
products to help them compete with other subsidizing nations.
Grain reserves.—The Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended,
authorizes a producer-owned grain reserve program for wheat
and feed grains that provides 27 month extended loans to
producers. Producers receive quarterly storage payments
under the contract. Program provisions establish when interest is charged and storage payments are earned.
Dairy.—The Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended, provides
for a dairy price support program which sets the minimum
support price for milk at $10.10 per hundredweight through
December 1996. If, on January 1 of each year, a milk surplus
is estimated at less than 3.5 billion pounds, milk equivalent,
the support price will be increased by 25 cents per hundredweight. If the surplus is estimated to be more than 5.0 billion
pounds, milk equivalent, the support price will be decreased
by 25 to 50 cents per hundredweight. The support price will
be unchanged if the estimated surplus is estimated to be
between 3.5 and 5.0 billion pounds, milk equivalent, as is
assumed to be the case.
Payment limitations.—The Food, Agriculture, Conservation,
and Trade Act of 1990 and the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 amended the Food Security Act of 1985
to provide that the total amount of deficiency and land diversion payments, excluding any deficiency payment received as
the result of a reduction of the wheat or feed grain price
support loan level, that a person is entitled to receive under
one or more annual programs for feed grains, wheat, upland
cotton, ELS cotton, and rice for each of the 1991 through
1997 crops of these commodities shall not exceed $50,000.
For each of the 1991 through 1997 crops of wheat, feed grains,
upland cotton, rice, and oilseeds, gains from repaying a loan
at a lower level than the original loan level, loan deficiency
payments, and any deficiency payment received as a result
of a reduction of the wheat or feed grain price support level
shall not exceed $75,000. For each of the 1991 through 1997
crops the total amount of: (1) deficiency payments, land diversion payments, payments for resource adjustment (excluding
diversion payments) or public access for recreation, disaster
payments, loan deficiency payments, inventory reduction payments and gains realized from a marketing loan repayment
with respect to wheat, feed grains, upland cotton, ELS cotton,
rice, and oilseeds; and (2) gains realized by a producer from
repaying a loan less than the original loan level with respect
to other commodities, that a person shall be entitled to receive

172

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
[In millions of dollars]

Public enterprise funds—Continued
COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND—Continued
PROGRAMS OF THE CORPORATION—Continued

under one or more of the annual programs for such commodities shall not exceed $250,000, except as otherwise may be
authorized by the Secretary. Annual rental payments made
under the Conservation Reserve Program are limited to
$50,000 per person. The Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended,
limits the total amount of benefits that a person may receive
annually under one or more of the emergency livestock assistance programs to $50,000. Starting with the 1991 crop, the
total amount of benefits that a person may receive under
one or more of the emergency livestock assistance programs
will be $50,000 per crop year rather than calendar year.
The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990
also amended the National Wool Act of 1954 to establish
payment limitation provisions for the 1991 through 1995 marketing years of wool and mohair and also amended the Agricultural Act of 1949 to establish payment limitation provisions for the 1991 through 1995 crops of honey. The Omnibus
Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 further amended the National Wool Act of 1954 to extend payment limitation provisions to the 1996 and 1997 marketing years and decrease
the payment limitations for the 1994 and 1995 marketing
years. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 also
amended the Agricultural Act of 1949 to extend payment
limitation provisions to the 1996 through 1998 crops of honey
and to decrease the payment limitation for the 1995 marketing year. The annual payment limitations for these commodities are: $200,000 in 1991; $175,000 in 1992; $150,000 in
1993; $125,000 in 1994; $100,000 in 1995; $75,000 in 1996;
and $50,000 in 1997. The annual payment limitation for
honey is also $50,000 in 1998. 1995 and 1996 appropriations
action limited the honey program to make only non-subsidized
loans (i.e., loans cannot be forfeited with honey as collateral
and loans must be repaid at the same rate that the loan
was made) for the 1994, 1995, and 1996 crops of honey. The
National Wool Act Amendments of 1993 (P.L. 103–130) repealed the National Wool Act of 1954 effective on December
31, 1995.
Supply and foreign purchases.—The Corporation can procure from domestic and foreign sources food, agricultural commodities, and products and related materials to supply the
needs of Federal agencies, foreign governments, and private
and international relief agencies, under section 5(b) and (c)
of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, as amended.
Commodity exports.—The Corporation promotes the export
of agricultural commodities and products through sales for
dollars or foreign currency, payments, extension of credit, assumption of certain risks, and conduct of other operations
with respect to the exportation of commodities. Such commodities and products may be those held in private trade channels
as well as those acquired by the Corporation. These programs
are carried out under the authority of the CCC Charter Act
and other specific legislation.
Foreign donations.—Under the authority of section 416(b)
of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended, the Corporation
may furnish eligible commodities for carrying out programs
of assistance in developing and friendly countries under the
Food for Progress Act of 1985 and titles II and III of the
Agricultural Trade Development Act of 1954, as amended.
CCC may pay costs associated with making the commodities
available. Not to exceed $10 million of CCC funds or commodities may be used each fiscal year to enhance the development
of private sector agriculture in countries receiving commodities under the Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Loan operations.—The following table reflects commodity
and storage facility loan operations of the Corporation:

Item

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Loans outstanding, gross, start of year:
Commodity Credit Corporation ..................................
Additional loans made ..............................................
Deduct:
Loans repaid ..............................................................
Acquisition of loan collateral ....................................
Write-offs ...................................................................

2,732
9,230

2,369
5,700

1,708
7,059

¥9,430
¥28
¥135

¥6,217
0
¥144

¥6,792
¥1
¥77

Total loans outstanding, gross, end of year

2,369

1,708

1,897

Loans outstanding, gross, end of year:
Commodity Credit Corporation ..................................
Allowance for losses ..................................................

2,369
¥6

1,708
¥4

1,897
¥4

Loans receivable, net (support and storage facilities) .

2,363

1,704

1,893

Inventory operations.—The following table reflects the inventory operations applicable to the preceding programs:
AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES
[In millions of dollars]

Item

1995 actual

On hand, start of year, gross ........................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

941

702

594

Acquisitions:
Forfeiture of loan collateral ......................................
Excess of collateral acquired over loans canceled
Purchases ..................................................................
Transfers and exchanges, net ...................................
Carrying charges:
Charges to inventory .................................................
Storage and handling (non-add) ..............................
Transportation (non-add) ..........................................

28
2
892
0

0
0
836
0

1
0
916
0

15
(50)
(6)

5
(50)
(7)

6
(41)
(9)

Total acquisitions .............................................

937

841

923

Dispositions:
Domestic donations to:
Families .................................................................
Institutions ............................................................
School lunch .........................................................

31
50
40

0
7
3

0
20
34

Total domestic donations .................................

121

10

54

Export donations ........................................................
Sales and transfers:
Special programs: Title II, Public Law 480 ..........
Title III, Public Law 480 .......................................
Other sales ............................................................
Net loss or gain (¥) on sales and transfers

101

196

188

531
150
262
11

538
36
185
¥16

538
29
116
2

Total sales and transfers .................................

954

743

685

Total dispositions .............................................

1,176

949

927

On hand, end of year, gross .........................................
Allowance for losses ......................................................

702
¥13

594
¥12

590
¥11

On hand, end of year, net .............................................

689

582

579

Other data.—The following table reflects other data which
are applicable to price support and related programs:
DATA ON SUPPORT AND RELATED PROGRAMS
[In millions of dollars]

Item

Loans made .................................................................................
Loans repaid ................................................................................
Loan collateral forfeited ..............................................................
Loans outstanding, end of year ..................................................
Acquisitions .................................................................................
Cost of commodities sold ...........................................................
Cost of commodities donated .....................................................
Inventory, end of year .................................................................
Investment in loans and inventory, end of year ........................
Direct producer payments ...........................................................
Net expenditures ..........................................................................
Realized losses ............................................................................

1995 actual

9,230
9,430
28
2,369
937
954
222
702
3,070
4,785
5,447
1,589

1996 est.

5,700
6,217
0
1,708
841
743
206
594
2,302
1,712
3,706
3,059

1997 est.

7,059
6,792
1
1,897
923
685
242
590
2,488
707
3,475
4,123

Operating expenses.—The Corporation carries out its functions through utilization of employees and facilities of other

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Government agencies. Administrative expenses are incurred
by: the Farm Service Agency (FSA); the Foreign Agricultural
Service; other agencies of the Department engaged in the
Corporation’s activities; and the Office of Inspector General
for audit. Additional expenses are incurred by FSA county
offices for work related to programs of the Corporation, other
FSA expenses offset by revenue, custodian, and agency expenses of the Federal Reserve banks and lending agencies,
and miscellaneous costs.
Expenses are incurred for acquisition, operation, maintenance, improvement, or disposition of existing property that
the Corporation owns or in which it has an interest. These
expenses are treated as program expenses. Such program expenses include inspection, classing, and grading work performed on a fee basis by Federal employees or Federal- or
State-licensed inspectors; and special services performed by
Federal agencies within and outside this Department. Most
of these general expenses, including storage and handling,
transportation, inspection, classing and grading, and producer
storage payments, are included in program costs. They are
shown in the program and financing schedule in the entries
entitled ‘‘Storage, transportation, and other obligations not
included above,’’ and ‘‘Producer storage payments.’’
The Corporation receives reimbursement for grain requisitioned pursuant to Public Law 87–152 by the States from
Corporation stocks to feed resident wildlife threatened with
starvation through the appropriation reimbursement for net
realized losses. There have been no requisitions in recent
years, however.
SPECIAL ACTIVITIES

These activities are carried out under authority of section
5(g) of the Corporation’s charter act and specific statutory
authorizations or directives with respect thereto that are currently in effect or which may subsequently be enacted.
A summary of such current activities not included under
other designated activities is as follows:

(1) Financing sales of agricultural commodities for foreign currencies
or for dollars on credit terms ...................................................................
(2) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad (Title
II) ...............................................................................................................
(3) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad (Title
III) ..............................................................................................................
Total ..................................................................................................

COST OF THE NATIONAL WOOL ACT
[In millions of dollars]

Item

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Marketings on which payments made:
Shorn wool (thousand pounds) ...............................................
Unshorn lambs (thousands cwts) ..........................................
Mohair (thousand pounds) .....................................................

64
5
13

57 ....................
3 ....................
11 ....................

Amount of payments:
Shorn wool ..............................................................................
Unshorn lambs ........................................................................
Mohair .....................................................................................
Promotional and advertising program 1 (non-add) ................

61
15
22
(7)

35
9
15
(6)

Total payments ..............................................................

98

59 ....................

....................
....................
....................
....................

Marketing assessments ............................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Interest expense ..........................................................................
10 .................... ....................
Total ...............................................................................
1 Deductions

108

59 ....................

from producer payments for promotional advertising and selected marketing development activities.

Total payments made under the National Wool Act cannot
at any time exceed an amount equal to 70 percent of the
accumulated totals, as of the same date, of the gross receipts
from import duties collected on and after January 1, 1953,
on wool and wool manufactures. Actual or estimated payments compared with this limitation are as follows:
[In millions of dollars]

Item

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

70% of customs receipts on wool and wool manufactures, cumulative from Jan. 1, 1953, to end of preceding calendar
year .........................................................................................
Cumulative incentive payments on marketings to end of preceding calendar year ..............................................................

6,156

6,471 ....................

2,814

2,872 ....................

Balance of limitation available for payments in succeeding marketing years ...........................................

3,342

3,599 ....................

233

224

837

835

Funds of the Corporation are used to carry on this program.
Section 705 of the act appropriates each fiscal year an amount
equal to amounts expended by the Corporation during the
preceding year and to amounts expended in all prior fiscal
years not previously reimbursed, but not to exceed an amount
equal to 70 percent of the gross receipts from total duties
collected on wool and wool manufactures during the calendar
year preceding the fiscal year. The National Wool Act Amendments of 1993 (P.L. 103–130) repealed the National Wool
Act of 1954 effective December 31, 1995.

40

51

FINANCING

1,110

1.110

1997 estimate [In millions of
dollars]
Item

173

Gross
obligations

Outlays
(reimbursable)

The Corporation receives appropriations or reimbursement
for the cost of these activities as described under each.
Activities currently being carried out are as follows (see
Foreign Assistance programs for details of items (1), (2) and
(3)).
(1) Financing the sale and exportation of agricultural commodities for foreign currencies or for dollars (title I, of P.L.
480).
(2) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad (title II, of P.L. 480).
(3) Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad (title III, of P.L. 480).
(4) National Wool Act.—Under the National Wool Act of
1954, as amended, support of wool and mohair prices is mandatory. The Corporation makes direct payments to producers
of the difference between the national average price received
by all producers and the support price required under the
act.

Borrowing authority.—The Corporation has an authorized
capital stock of $100 million held by the U.S. Treasury and,
effective in 1988, authority to have outstanding borrowings
up to $30 billion at any one time.
Funds are borrowed from the Treasury and may also be
borrowed from private lending agencies and others. The Corporation reserves a sufficient amount of its borrowing authority to purchase at any time all notes and other obligations
evidencing loans made to the Corporation by such agencies
and others. All bonds, notes, debentures, and similar obligations issued by the Corporation are subject to approval by
the Secretary of the Treasury as required by the Act of March
8, 1938.
Interest on borrowings from the Treasury (and on capital
stock) is paid at a rate based upon the average interest rate
of all outstanding marketable obligations (of comparable maturity date) of the United States as of the preceding month.
Interest is also paid on other notes and obligations at a rate
prescribed by the Corporation and approved by the Secretary
of the Treasury.
The Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1966, made provision for terminating interest

174

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
Excess of funds held by CCC [In millions of dollars]

Public enterprise funds—Continued
COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION FUND—Continued

1994 actual

FINANCING—Continued

Total .........................................................

after June 30, 1964 on the portion of the Corporation’s borrowings from the Treasury equal to the unreimbursed realized
losses recorded on the books of the Corporation after the
end of the fiscal year in which such losses are realized.

Foreign assistance programs: Public Law 480:
Title I: Ocean freight differential .....................
Title II: Commodities supplied in connection
with dispositions abroad .............................
Title III: Commodities supplied in connection
with dispositions abroad .............................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

46

52

24

21

325

294

330

332

208

122

47

36

579

468

401

389

POSITION WITH RESPECT TO BORROWING AUTHORITY, END OF YEAR
[In millions of dollars]

Item

Deficit requiring subsequent funds
1995 actual

Statutory borrowing authority ......................................................
Deduct: Borrowings from Treasury ..............................................
Net statutory borrowing authority available ...............................

30,000
7,081
22,919

1996 est.

1997 est.

30,000
406
29,594

30,000
2,461
27,539

Note.—Accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and other outstanding obligations not reflected on this table do
not become charges against the statutory borrowing authority until they result in borrowings from the Treasury.

Contract authority.—Price support and other programs required by statute may result in the Corporation incurring
obligations in excess of available funds and borrowing authority. Such obligations are liquidated from subsequent appropriations and other funds that may become available to the
Corporation. Any increase in obligations in excess of available
fund resources is reported as contract authority in the year
involved; a decrease is reported as the application of appropriations and other funds to liquidate the authority.
Appropriations.—Under section 2 of Public Law 87–155 annual appropriations are authorized for each fiscal year to
reimburse the Corporation for net realized losses incurred
as of the close of each year.
The special activities are financed as indicated in the program descriptions above. In addition to certain reimbursements from other agencies, appropriations are made for the
National Wool Act (see above) and foreign assistance programs.
Deficit.—The net realized losses of the Corporation have
previously been reimbursed as follows:
SUPPORT AND RELATED PROGRAMS
[In millions of dollars]

1995 actual

Realized losses, 1933 to 1995, inclusive ...................................................... ......................
237,359
Reimbursements by the Treasury:
Reimbursements of realized losses:
Appropriations (56 times) ................................................................
229,084 ....................
Note cancellations (6 times) ............................................................
2,698 ....................
Less dividends paid to Treasury (4 times) ......................................
¥138 ....................
Total reimbursements for net realized losses .............................

231,644 ....................

Other reimbursements:
Appropriations (2 times) ...........................................................................
Note cancellation (1 time) ........................................................................

542 ....................
56 ....................

Total other reimbursements ..................................................................

598 ....................

Deficit financed by CCC or excess funds held
(¥) (nonadd) ...................................................
Increase or decrease (¥) in amount owed by
general fund for foreign assistance programs
(nonadd) ...........................................................
Other programs: National Wool Act ......................
Total .........................................................

SPECIAL ACTIVITIES
Realized losses, 1948 to 1995, inclusive ...................................................... ......................
52,557
Excess amounts appropriated to reimburse cost of special activities ......................
468
Transfer of P.L. 480 funds to credit reform account .................................... ......................
555
Reimbursements by the Treasury:
Appropriations (49 times) .....................................................................
52,902 ....................
Note cancellations (4 times) ................................................................
537 ....................
Other reimbursements: Sale proceeds (5 times) .................................
33 ....................
Total reimbursements ....................................................................... ......................

53,472

Realized deficit as of September 30, 1995, special activities ..................... ......................

108

Capital and deficit, special activities.—Advances to the Corporation in excess of costs incurred and costs incurred in
excess of advances received are shown in the following table:

¥389

197
211

110
108

67
..................

12
..................

211

108

..................

..................

1994 actual

1995 actual

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

2,414
–12,554

1,951
–3,540

1,082
–4,148

1,521
–5,644

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–10,140

–1,589

–3,066

–4,123

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–351

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1107
Advances and prepayments ...........
Non-Federal assets:
1206
Receivables, net ..................................
1207
Advances and prepayments ................
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1602
Interest receivable ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
1604
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................

1701
1702
1703
1704

5,117

¥401

0101
0102

Identification code 12–4336–0–3–351

232,242

Realized deficit as of September 30, 1995, support and related programs ......................

¥468

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)

1699

Total ...................................................................................................... ......................

¥579

1799

1801
1802
1803

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................
Defaulted guaranteed loans, gross ....
Interest receivable ..............................
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
Defaulted guaranteed loans and interest receivable, net .....................
Value of assets related to loan
guarantees .................................
Other Federal assets:
Cash and other monetary assets .......
Inventories and related properties .....
Property, plant and equipment, net

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2104
Resources payable to Treasury ...........
2105
Other ...................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2204
Liabilities for loan guarantees ...........
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

Total liabilities ....................................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

99

55

55

55

19,737
70

5,569
66

382
66

780
66

549
14

1,880
7

1,513
7

1,195
7

10,993
227

10,494
290

9,558
247

9,472
215

–4,265

–4,244

–4,244

–4,144

6,955

6,540

5,561

5,543

6,955
5,236
18

6,540
5,653
22

5,561
5,553
20

5,543
5,525
20

–3,424

–3,819

–3,819

–3,819

1,830

1,856

1,754

1,726

1,830

1,856

1,754

1,726

70
808
71

107
688
97

107
582
153

107
579
186

30,203

16,865

10,180

10,244

109
149
16,909
5,287
1,212

110
304
7,081
5,498
1,063

110
104
406
5,005
2,009

110
136
2,461
5,005
1,074

608
70
4,251

188
70
1,460

188
70
1,300

188
70
224

28,595

15,774

9,192

9,268

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

3100
3200

NET POSITION:
Appropriated capital ................................
Invested capital .......................................

1,508
100

991
100

888
100

876
100

3999

Total net position ................................

1,608

1,091

988

976

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

30,203

16,865

10,180

73.10
73.20
73.40
73.45
74.90

10,244

175

New obligations .............................................................
223
377
394
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–204
–377
–393
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
–12 ................... ...................
Adjustments in unexpired accounts .............................. ...................
–41 ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
78
37
39

86.90
86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

3
166
35

3
4
337 ...................
37
389

87.00

Note.—In addition to obligations other than liabilities, the Corporation does not reflect in its accounts claims
by the Corporation on which adequate proof has not been established.

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

204

377

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4336–0–3–351

22.0

26.0
26.0
31.0
33.0
41.0
43.0

Transportation of things ................................................
Other services:
Other services ............................................................
Storage and handling ...............................................
Supplies and materials:
Foreign assistance programs ....................................
Other ..........................................................................
Equipment ......................................................................
Investments and loans ..................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
Interest and dividends ...................................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

25.2
25.2

1995 actual

1996 est.

442

381

370

248
73

185
50

291
41

681
909
60
9,231
2,211
499

574
840
94
5,700
2,680
186

567
923
81
7,059
3,578
243

14,354

10,690

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Re-estimate 92
program ................................................................. ...................

13,153

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION EXPORT LOANS PROGRAM
ACCOUNT
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For administrative expenses to carry out the Commodity Credit
Corporation’s export guarantee program, GSM 102 and GSM 103,
ø$3,381,000¿ $3,854,000; to cover common overhead expenses as permitted by section 11 of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter
Act and in conformity with the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
of which not to exceed ø$2,792,000¿ $3,231,000 may be transferred
to and merged with the appropriation for the salaries and expenses
of the Foreign Agricultural Service, and of which not to exceed
ø$589,000¿ $623,000 may be transferred to and merged with the
appropriation for the salaries and expenses of the øconsolidated¿
Farm Service Agency. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

00.02
00.07
00.08
00.09

Obligations by program activity:
Guaranteed Loan Subsidy ..............................................
Reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy ......................
Interest on reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy
Administrative expenses ................................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
547
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
505
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations ....................................................................... ...................
22.40 Capital transfer to general fund ...................................
–747
23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1996 est.

377

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Loan guarantee levels ...................................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
2320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................

3510
3590

Identification code 12–1336–0–1–351

25.3

1996 est.

1997 est.

5,700

5,700

5,500

6.92

7.10

8.00

220

374

390

201

374

389

3
3

3
3

4
4

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

3
220

3
374

4
390

Total obligations ........................................................

223

377

394

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION EXPORT GUARANTEE FINANCING
ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4337–0–3–351

82
899

567
4

41 ...................
–78 ...................
944
–377

571
–394

82

567

177

3

4

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
3
Permanent:
60.05
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................
502
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

899

72.90

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................

00.01
00.02
00.07
00.08
10.00

37

1997 est.

556
678
13
26
425 ...................
97 ...................
1,091

704

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................

439
432

310
1,009

228
577

871
–561

1,319
–1,091

805
–704

310

228

101

151

522 ...................

281

487

577

432

1,009

577

21.90

23.90
23.95
24.90

67.15
68.00
70.00

78

Obligations by program activity:
Default claims ...............................................................
551
Interest on debt to Treasury ..........................................
10
Technical reestimate of subsidy .................................... ...................
Technical reestimate—interest ..................................... ...................

1996 est.

561

374 ...................

4

1995 actual

Total obligations ........................................................

522 ...................

71

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority—administrative expenses .................
Outlays—adminsitrative expenses ................................

1995 actual

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

394

305
–223

505

4
393

99.9

1997 est.

113
374
390
103 ................... ...................
4 ................... ...................
3
3
4
223

377
–145

41.0

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

505
204

–522 ...................

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1336–0–1–351

Identification code 12–1336–0–1–351

393

1997 est.

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..............................................
Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

176

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
1599

Public enterprise funds—Continued

Net present value of assets related
to defaulted guaranteed loans

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4337–0–3–351

1996 est.

543

1,094

1,650

2,249

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2204 Non-Federal liabilities: Liabilities for
loan guarantees ..................................

1,150

1,404

1,878

2,350

1,079

1,404

1,878

2,350

2999

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION EXPORT GUARANTEE FINANCING
ACCOUNT—Continued

1,079

1,404

1,878

2,350

71

..................

..................

..................

1997 est.

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

561
–561

1,091
–1,091

704
–704

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

561

1,091

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

704

–201

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–281

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

151
280

Total net position ................................

71

..................

..................

..................

4999

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Payments from program account .........................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Loan origination fee .........................................
88.40
Principal collections .........................................
88.40
Interest collections ...........................................

3999

Total liabilities and net position ............

1,150

1,404

1,878

2,350

COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION GUARANTEED LOANS LIQUIDATING
ACCOUNT
–374

–389

–18
–45
–44
–30 ................... ...................
–32
–68
–144

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4338–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

–577

522 ...................
604
127

01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Capital investment: Direct loans: Guarantee claims

620

24

15

10.00

–487

Total obligations (object class 33.0) ........................

620

24

15

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.40 Capital transfer to general fund ...................................

655
349
–250

21.40

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from loan guarantees committed
in 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

134 ...................
386
250
–496
–235

754
–620

24
–24

15
–15

134 ................... ...................

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2131 Guaranteed loan commitments exempt from limitation
Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
2210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
2231 Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
2251 Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments:
2261
Terminations for default that result in loans receivable .......................................................................
2264
Other adjustments, net .............................................

5,700

10,762
2,518
–5,389

1996 est.

5,700

4,874
5,700
–2,053

7,965
5,500
–2,774

–551
–556
–678
–2,466 ................... ...................

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

4,874

7,965

10,013

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

4,709

7,806

9,813

Addendum:
Cumulative balance of defaulted guaranteed loans
that result in loans receivable:
2310
Outstanding, start of year ........................................
543
1,094
2331
Disbursements for guaranteed loan claims .............
551
556
2351
Repayments of loans receivable ............................... ................... ...................

1,650
678
–79

2390

2,249

1,094

1,650

386

250

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

620
–620

24
–24

15
–15

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

620

24

15

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayments of principal ..................................
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................

–183
–166

–110
–276

–28
–222

–349

–386

–250

68.00

5,500

2290

Outstanding, end of year ......................................

349

88.90

1997 est.

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

73.10
73.20

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4337–0–3–351

89.00
90.00

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

349
24
15
271 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
271
–362
–235

Note.—Includes amounts for activities previously funded in the Commodity Credit Corporation Fund.

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4338–0–3–351
Identification code 12–4337–0–3–351

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 acquired defaulted guaranteed loans receivable:
1501
Defaulted guaranteed loans receivable, gross ......................................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

310

228

101

97

..................

..................

..................

543

1,094

1,650

2,249

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments: Terminations for default that result in
loans receivable ........................................................

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

2299

510

2210
2251
2261

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1,929
–1,107

206
–91

92
–60

–616

–23

–15

206

92

17

204

91

17

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Addendum:
Cumulative balance of defaulted guaranteed loans
that result in loans receivable:
2310
Outstanding, start of year ........................................
2331
Disbursements for guaranteed loan claims .............
2351
Repayments of loans receivable ...............................

4,765
620
–183

5,202
23
–110

5,115
15
–28

2390

5,202

5,115

177

5,102

Credit accounts:
AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT
For gross obligations for the principal amount of direct and guaranteed loans as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1928–1929, to be available
from funds in the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund, as follows:
farm ownership loans, ø$610,000,000¿ $700,000,000, of which
ø$550,000,000¿ $650,000,000 shall be for guaranteed loans; operating
loans, ø$2,450,000,000¿ $2,445,071,000, of which ø$1,700,000,000¿
1,750,000,000 shall be for unsubsidized guaranteed loans and
ø$200,000,000¿ $250,000,000 shall be for subsidized guaranteed
loans; Indian tribe land acquisition loans as authorized by 25 U.S.C.
488, ø$750,000¿ $1,000,000; øfor emergency insured loans,
$100,000,000 to meet the needs resulting from natural disasters¿
and for credit sales of acquired property, $50,000,000.
For the cost of direct and guaranteed loans, including the cost
of modifying loans as defined in section 502 of the Congressional
Budget Act of 1974, as follows: farm ownership loans, ø$34,053,000¿
$31,985,000, of which ø$20,019,000¿ $26,065,000 shall be for guaranteed loans; operating loans, ø$111,505,000¿ $102,025,000, of which
ø$18,360,000¿ $19,775,000 shall be for unsubsidized guaranteed loans
and ø$17,960,000¿ $23,100,000 shall be for subsidized guaranteed
loans; Indian tribe land acquisition loans as authorized by 25 U.S.C.
488, ø$206,000; for emergency insured loans, $32,080,000 to meet
the needs resulting from natural disasters¿ $54,000; and for credit
sales of acquired property, $5,060,000.
In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out
the direct and guaranteed loan programs, ø$221,541,000,¿
$222,091,000, of which $209,485,000 shall be transferred to and
merged with the øfollowing accounts in the following amounts:
$208,446,000 to¿ Farm Service Agency, ‘‘Salaries and Expenses’’;
ø$318,000 to ‘‘Rural Utilities Service, Salaries and Expenses’’; and
$171,000 to ‘‘Rural Housing and Community Development Service,
Salaries and Expenses’’¿ account. (Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1996.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
83
102
104
Receipts:
02.01 Agriculture credit insurance fund direct loans, negative subsidies ............................................................ ...................
2
2
02.02 Agriculture credit insurance fund direct loans, downward reestimates of subsidies ..................................
19 ................... ...................
01.99

02.99

Total receipts .............................................................

19

2

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

102
102

104
104

106
106

208
13

209
13

Total obligations ........................................................

446

399

361

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

446
–446

399
–399

361
–361

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
60.05
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................

405

399

361

466

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

12 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................

466
399
361
–20 ................... ...................

61 ................... ...................
399

361

72.40

17
17
25
446
399
361
–443
–391
–361
–3 ................... ...................
17

25

25

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

443

391

361

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

466
443

399
391

361
361

369
376
338
13
15
22
61 ................... ...................

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Farm ownership .............................................................
57
74
50
1150 Farm operating ..............................................................
438
579
445
1150 Emergency disaster ........................................................
69
109 ...................
1150 Indian tribe land acquisition ......................................... ...................
1
1
1150 Credit sales of acquired property .................................. ................... ...................
50
1159

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Farm ownership .............................................................
1320 Farm operating ..............................................................
1320 Emergency disaster ........................................................
1320 Indian tribe land acquisition .........................................
1320 Credit sales of acquired property ..................................

564

763

546

23.18
12.86
31.90
22.36
0.00

19.04
12.98
29.34
23.28
0.00

11.84
13.29
0.00
5.41
10.12

1329

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
16.23
15.92
12.85
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Farm ownership .............................................................
13
14
6
1330 Farm operating ..............................................................
56
76
59
1330 Emergency disaster ........................................................
22
32 ...................
1330 Indian tribe land acquisition ......................................... ................... ................... ...................
1330 Credit sales of acquired property .................................. ................... ...................
5

2

04.00
07.99

230
13

70.00

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, all cash flows to and
from the Government resulting from loan guarantees committed prior to 1992. This account is shown on a cash basis.
All new activity in this program in 1992 and beyond is recorded in corresponding program and financing accounts.

00.09
00.10

Reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy ......................
Interest on reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy
Administrative expenses:
Administrative expenses—salaries and expenses ...
Administrative expenses—non-recoverable costs .........

10.00
Outstanding, end of year ......................................

00.07
00.08

1339

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
91
122
70
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Farm ownership .............................................................
13
15
6
1340 Farm operating ..............................................................
57
76
60
1340 Emergency disaster ........................................................
21
30
3
1340 Indian tribe land acquisition ......................................... ................... ................... ...................
1340 Credit sales of acquired property ..................................
3 ...................
5

1997 est.

1349
Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct loan subsidy ........................................................
00.02 Guaranteed loan subsidy ...............................................
00.05 Reestimates of direct loan subsidy ...............................
00.06 Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy .............

92
122
70
50
56
69
41 ................... ...................
6 ................... ...................

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

94

121

74

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Farm ownership, unsubsidized ......................................
2150 Farm operating, unsubsidized .......................................

560
1,189

535
1,654

650
1,750

178

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
10.00

Credit accounts—Continued
AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT—
Continued

2150

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

23.90
23.95
24.90

189

197

250

Total loan guarantee levels ......................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
2320 Farm ownership, unsubsidized ......................................
2320 Farm operating, unsubsidized .......................................
2320 Farm operating, subsidized ...........................................

1,938

2,386

2,650

3.71
0.44
12.84

3.74
1.11
9.12

4.01
1.13
9.24

2.59

2.36

2.60

21
5
24

20
18
18

26
20
23

68.90

2329

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Farmer ownership, unsubsidized ...................................
2330 Farm operating, unsubsidized .......................................
2330 Farm operating, subsidized ...........................................
2339

922

718

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
169
314 ...................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
865
608
718
22.60 Redemption of debt ....................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Farm operating, subsidized ...........................................

2159

720

21.90

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

Total obligations ........................................................

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Farmer ownership, unsubsidized ...................................
2340 Farm operating, unsubsidized .......................................
2340 Farm operating, subsidized ...........................................

50

56

69

21
5
24

13
16
15

23
20
22

2349

50

44

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
67.15

1,034
–720

922
–922

718
–718

314 ................... ...................

833

264

73

711
–4
–675

731
1
–388

744
1
–100

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

32

344

645

70.00

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

865

608

718

72.90
72.95

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

66
13

40
9

69
10

65

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

Administrative expense data:
3510 Budget authority ............................................................
3590 Outlays ...........................................................................

234
239

221
226

222
221

The Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund Program Account’s
loans are authorized by title III of the Consolidated Farm
and Rural Development Act, as amended.
This program account includes subsidies to provide direct
and guaranteed loans for farm ownership, farm operating,
emergency, and soil and water loans to individuals. Associations, Indian tribes, and tribal corporations are eligible for
the following types of loans: Indian land acquisition, watershed protection, flood prevention, and resource conservation
and development.
Additional funding for 1995 was provided in section 726
of Public Law 103–330 and is available only for emergency
requirements as the President designates.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees
committed in 1992 and beyond (including credit sales of acquired property), as well as administrative expenses of this
program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present
value basis; the administrative expenses are estimated on
a cash basis.

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40
74.90
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

74.99

87.00

25.3

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

41.0

243
203

221
178

222
139

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

446

399

361

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

00.01
00.02
00.04
00.08

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans ....................................................................
Advances on behalf of borrowers ..................................
Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................
Subsidy reestimate paid to reciept account .................

1995 actual

69
10

9
11

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

49

79

20

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

739

892

777

–141
–71

–121
–80

–74
–90

–438
–61

–470
–60

–510
–70

88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

–711
4

–731
–1

–744
–1

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

158
28

–124
161

–27
33

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

Identification code 12–4212–0–3–351

40
9

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources: Payments from program account .................................................................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayments of principal ..................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .........................................

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1140–0–1–351

79
49
79
720
922
718
–739
–892
–777
–11 ................... ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

564
763
546
1
2
3
147
157
169
8 ................... ...................

Identification code 12–4212–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................

564

763

546

1150

564

763

546

1,512
583
–438

1,655
813
–470

1,983
777
–510

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
Write-offs for default:
1263
Direct loans ...............................................................
1264
Other adjustments, net .............................................
1210
1231
1251

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

–10
–15
–20
8 ................... ...................
1,655

1,983

2,230

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond (including credit sales of acquired property that

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

179

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Payments from program account .........................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
88.40
Fees and premiums ..............................................

–64
–11
–15

–44
–1
–19

–65
–1
–21

88.90

resulted from obligations in any year). The amounts in this
account are a means of financing and are not included in
the budget totals.
This account finances direct loans for farm ownership, farm
operating, emergency disaster, and credit sales of acquired
property.

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–90

–64

–87

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
1994 actual

1995 actual

288

363

386

405

1,512
..................

1,655
57

1,859
..................

2,000
..................

..................
–318

–448
..................

–602
..................

–742
..................

1,194

1,264

1,257

1,258

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt ...........................
2207 Non-Federal liabilities: Other ..................

1,482

1,627

1,643

1,663

1,472
10

1,615
12

1,629
14

1,648
15

2999

1,482

1,627

1,643

1,663

Identification code 12–4212–0–3–351

ASSETS:
Investments in US securities:
1106
Federal assets: Receivables, net ........
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1402
Interest receivable ..............................
1403
Accounts receivable from foreclosed
property ...........................................
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
1499

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

1996 est.

1997 est.

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4213–0–3–351

1996 est.

1997 est.

..................

..................

..................

..................

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

..................

Total liabilities and net position ............

1,482

1,627

1,643

1,663

1,938

2,450

2,650

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................

1,938

2,450

2,650

2210
2231
2251
2263

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments: Terminations for default that result in
claim payments .........................................................

3,950
1,878
–831

4,979
1,922
–1,095

5,806
2,573
–1,277

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

4,979

5,806

7,102

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

4,481

5,225

6,392

..................

4999

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders ..............................................................................
2150

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND GUARANTEED LOAN
FINANCING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4213–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

13
15
31
46
52
59
12 ................... ...................

10.00

71

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
22.70 Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn ....................

67

90

21.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

–18 ................... ...................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from loan guarantees committed
in 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals.
This account finances commitments made for farm ownership and operating guaranteed loan programs.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Default claims ...............................................................
00.02 Interest assistance on guaranteed loans ......................
00.07 Negative subsidy transferred to receipt account ..........

23.90
23.95
24.90

–1 ................... ...................
–50
–23
–33

55
79
76
89
64
87
6 ................... ...................
150
–71

143
–67

163
–90

79

76

73

Identification code 12–4213–0–3–351

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2102 Federal liabilities: Interest payable ........
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2204
Liabilities for loan guarantees ...........

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

152

202

242

291

–1
1

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

152

202

242

291

153

..................

..................

..................

..................
..................

124
78

145
97

175
116

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40
74.90

87.00

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

89

98

64

124

87

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

153

202

242

291

..................

..................

..................

..................

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

..................

..................

4999

68.00

2999

1994 actual

Total liabilities and net position ............

153

202

242

291

150

98
124
150
71
67
90
–39
–41
–54
–6 ................... ...................
124

150

186

39

41

54

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

Obligations by program activity:
Capital investment:
00.01
Purchase of loans from investors .............................
00.04
Purchase of guaranteed loans from investors .........
00.07
Disbursement of loan repayments to investors ........

1995 actual

3
2
1

1996 est.

1997 est.

2
1
1

2
1
1

180

CORPORATIONS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSURANCE FUND LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT—
Continued

88.40
88.40

Miscellaneous income ......................................
Undistributed receipts ......................................

–1
5

–1
–6

–1
–6

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–1,342

–1,567

–1,511

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

137
–517

–1,391
–1,219

–1,450
–1,450

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.08
00.09

Loan recoverable costs ..............................................
Capital improvements ...............................................

22
17
17
1 ................... ...................

00.91
01.03
01.05
01.07
01.08
01.09
01.13
01.17

Total capital investment .......................................
Operating expenses:
Interest on FFB borrowings .......................................
Interest on Treasury borrowings ................................
Loss settlement expenses on guaranteed loans .......
Admininstrative expenses—DOJ fees .......................
Costs incident to acq prop .......................................
Interest assistance—guaranteed loans ...................
Unclassified Costs .....................................................

01.91

Total operating expenses ......................................

481

155

40

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1232 Disbursements: Purchase of loans assets from the
public .........................................................................
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
1261 Adjustments: Capitalized interest .................................
Write-offs for default:
1263
Direct loans ...............................................................
1264
Other adjustments, net1 ...........................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

510

176

61

1290

29

21

21

437
115 ...................
1 ................... ...................
22
20
20
2
1
1
5
5
5
7
7
7
7
7
7

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ...................................................................... ...................
806 ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
1,479
176
61
22.60 Redemption of debt ....................................................... ...................
–806 ...................
22.70 Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn ....................
–163 ................... ...................
21.90

23.90
23.95
24.90

60.05
60.47

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (indefinite) ...............................................
Portion applied to debt reduction .................................

1,316
–510

176
–176

61
–61

806 ................... ...................

7,300 ................... ...................
–5,821 ................... ...................

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

11,508

10,426

9,252

4
–743
60

3
–707
50

3
–707
50

–569
166

–500
–20

–500
–20

10,426

9,252

8,078

1 Amounts shown are based on payment of delinquent installments, advances on behalf of borrowers, acquired
property and chattels, loans in kind, and judgments.

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments:
2263
Terminations for default that result in claim payments ....................................................................
2264
Other adjustments, net .............................................
2210
2231
2251

1996 est.

1997 est.

1,990
1,316
999
3 ................... ...................
–475
–301
–200

–26
–176

–17
–12
1 ...................

2290
63.00
68.00
68.27
68.47
68.90
70.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................
1,479 ................... ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
1,342
1,567
1,511
Capital transfer to general fund ..............................
–1,342
–555 ...................
Portion applied to debt reduction ............................. ...................
–836
–1,450
Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................ ...................
Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.47
Authority to borrow ...............................................
72.90
Fund balance ........................................................
72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40
74.90

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................

1,479

176

61

176

61

177 ................... ...................
324
172 ...................
501
172 ...................
510
176
61
–825
–348
–61
–14 ................... ...................

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1,316

999

787

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

1,184

899

708

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records for the farm loan programs all cash flows
to and from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated, loan guarantees committed, and grants prior to 1992.
New loan activity in 1992 and beyond (including credit sales
of acquired property that resulted from obligations or commitments in any year) is recorded in corresponding program and
financing accounts.
Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
825
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

172
61
176 ...................

87.00

348

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Rent on acquired property ...............................
88.40
Guaranteed lns purchased from holders—
principal .......................................................
88.40
Interest on loans ..............................................
88.40
Guaranteed loss recoveries ..............................
88.40
Loan repayments recd on behalf of investors
88.40
Interest on judgments ......................................
88.40
Repayments on loans—principal ....................
88.40
Judgments—principal ......................................
88.40
Shared appreciation recapture .........................
88.40
Sale of acquired property/chattels ...................

825

61

–8

–8

–8

–1
–509
–1
–1
–1
–746
–10
–3
–66

–1
–500
–1
–1
–1
–950
–11
–2
–85

–1
–450
–1
–1
–1
–950
–10
–2
–80

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

804
–1,103

479
1,328

488
1,782

1,112
1,487

0109

172 ................... ...................

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–299

1,807

2,270

2,599

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1602
Interest receivable ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
1604
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................
1606
Foreclosed property .............................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

324
691

979
..................

200
..................

200
..................

11,508
..................

10,426
549

9,252
376

8,078
579

–6,493

–1,552

–1,550

–1,500

5,015
..................

9,423
301

8,078
254

7,157
205

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
1699
1901

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................
Other Federal assets: Other assets ........

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2104
Resources payable to Treasury ...........
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2202
Interest payable ..................................
2203
Debt .....................................................
2204
Liabilities for loan guarantees ...........
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

5,015
277

9,724
1

8,332
1

7,362
1

6,307

10,704

8,533

7,563

355
..................
8,633

48
1,470
8,798

47
1,470
6,672

..................
..................
7,230

105
17
2
..................
300

100
1
2
236
49

98
1
2
200
43

98
1
2
200
32

181

planning work of the Service (16 U.S.C. 590e–2). (7 U.S.C. 1010a,
1387, 1807, 2201–02, 2250; 16 U.S.C. 590q, 590q–1, 2001–09; 42
U.S.C. 3271–74; 26 Stat. 653; Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940). (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1000–0–1–302

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Technical Assistance .................................................
00.02
Soil Surveys ...............................................................
00.03
Snow Survey Water Forecasting ................................
00.04
Operation of Plant Materials Centers .......................

500
74
6
8

544
77
6
10

565
78
6
9

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

9,412

10,704

8,533

7,563

–3,105

..................

..................

..................

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

588
52

637
60

658
60

3999

Total net position ................................

–3,105

..................

..................

..................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

640

697

718

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

6,307

10,704

8,533

7,563

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ...................................
21.40

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4140–0–3–351

25.2
33.0
43.0
99.5
99.9

Other services ................................................................
13
Investments and loans ..................................................
51
Interest and dividends ...................................................
446
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

510

1996 est.

1997 est.

9
7 ...................
616
690
718
23 ................... ...................

12
41
122
1

12
41
7
1

23.90
23.95
24.40

176

61

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

555
630
658
8 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

563

630

658

52

60

60

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

616

690

718

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION
SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
CONSERVATION OPERATIONS
For necessary expenses for carrying out the provisions of the Act
of April 27, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 590a–590f) including preparation of conservation plans and establishment of measures to conserve soil and
water (including farm irrigation and land drainage and such special
measures for soil and water management as may be necessary to
prevent floods and the siltation of reservoirs and to control agricultural related pollutants); operation of conservation plant materials
centers; classification and mapping of soil; dissemination of information; acquisition of lands, water, and interests therein for use in
the plant materials program by donation, exchange, or purchase at
a nominal cost not to exceed $100 pursuant to the Act of August
3, 1956 (7 U.S.C. 428a); purchase and erection or alteration or improvement of permanent and temporary buildings; and operation and
maintenance of aircraft, ø$629,986,000¿ $657,910,000, to remain
available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b), of which not less than
ø$5,852,000¿ $5,910,000 is for snow survey and water forecasting
and not less than ø$8,875,000¿ $8,963,000 is for operation and establishment of the plant materials centers: Provided, That appropriations hereunder shall be available pursuant to 7 U.S.C. 2250 for
construction and improvement of buildings and public improvements
at plant materials centers, except that the cost of alterations and
improvements to other buildings and other public improvements shall
not exceed $250,000: Provided further, That when buildings or other
structures are erected on non-Federal land, that the right to use
such land is obtained as provided in 7 U.S.C. 2250a: Provided further,
That this appropriation shall be available for technical assistance
and related expenses to carry out programs authorized by section
202(c) of title II of the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act
of 1974, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1592(c)): Provided further, That no
part of this appropriation may be expended for soil and water conservation operations under the Act of April 27, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 590a–
590f) in demonstration projects: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be available for employment pursuant to the second
sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225)
and not to exceed $25,000 shall be available for employment under
5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided further, That qualified local engineers may
be temporarily employed at per diem rates to perform the technical

68.00
70.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

648
–640

697
–697

718
–718

7 ................... ...................

72.40

61
85
93
640
697
718
–618
–688
–723
1 ................... ...................
85

93

88

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

490
76
52

554
74
60

579
84
60

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

618

688

723

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–37
–15

–47
–13

–47
–13

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–52

–60

–60

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

564
566

630
628

658
663

Technical assistance.—Technical assistance is provided
through 2,955 conservation districts or special districts to
land users and decisionmakers, including individual landowners and operators, community groups, units of government, Indian tribes, and others for the planning of conservation programs and installation of needed conservation systems
on the land, including design, layout, installation, and consultation services.
Combinations of needed soil and water conservation systems are planned in relation to each other to achieve well-

182

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

CONSERVATION OPERATIONS—Continued

balanced conservation programs. Technicians explain the various soil conditions, develop alternative uses and treatments,
help to evaluate the costs and returns of conservation work,
and furnish onsite assistance to farmers, ranchers, and others
in applying the needed treatments. About 70 percent of the
total annual investment in conservation practices applied
through the conservation technical assistance program is
made by private landusers. During 1997, the National Resources Conservation Service will continue to provide technical assistance as needed for the Water Bank Program, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program, ongoing activities
of the Great Plains Conservation Program, support for enrolled acres in the Conservation Reserve Program, and the
highly erodible land and wetland conservation provisions of
the Food Security Act of 1985 as amended by the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990.
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1995 actual

Decisionmakers receiving technical services ................
Acres treated with conservation technical assistance .
Tons of soil erosion reduced .........................................

813,900
58,245,000
258,985,000

1996 est.

1997 est.

815,000
60,000,000
260,000,000

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

815,000
60,000,000
260,000,000

Also included in this item are the inventory and monitoring,
resource appraisal, and program development activities. Resource inventories are conducted to provide soil, water, and
related resource data for evaluating land-use changes and
trends; and for guidance in the development and implementation of Federal, State, and local resource conservation programs. Resource appraisal and program development provides
for periodic reports to the public and Congress as required
by the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977
as amended.
Technical assistance will be targeted in 1997 through the
use of area-wide watershed plans to achieve the goals of the
Government Performance and Results Act. NRCS will fund
certain high-priority activities, as a result, including areawide planning on a watershed basis, a grazing lands initiative, Native American assistance, a wetlands initiative and
more rapid development of Geographic Information Systems.
Soil surveys.—Soil surveys and investigations are made of
the Nation’s soil resources, with interpretations and publications that provide physical land facts needed for program
development, resource conservation planning, installation of
planned practices, and for use by other Federal, State, and
local agencies in making land-use decisions. National leadership is provided for digitizing soil surveys in cooperation with
States, and other users of soil survey data.

1996 est.

1997 est.

333
11
6

350
12
7

363
12
7

350
80
5
14
3
10

369
86
6
15
3
11

382
90
5
15
4
11

18
4
62
12
28
1

19
4
81
12
30
1

20
4
81
13
31
1

588
637
52
60
1 ...................

657
60
1

640

718

697

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1000–0–1–302

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

WATERSHED SURVEYS

AND

1996 est.

1997 est.

8,993
31

9,367
31

9,461
31

608

638

638

PLANNING

For necessary expenses to conduct research, investigation, and surveys of watersheds of rivers and other waterways, and for small
watershed investigations and planning, in accordance with the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act approved August 4, 1954,
as amended (16 U.S.C. 1001–1009), ø$14,000,000¿ $19,188,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act
of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $110,000 shall be available
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109. (7 U.S.C. 2201–02; 16 U.S.C.
1101–5; 33 U.S.C. 7016–11; Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1066–0–1–301

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
01.01

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1995 actual

Acres mapped annually ...............................................................
Soil surveys ready for publication (number) ..............................

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1000–0–1–302

21.9
59

1996 est.

22.2
55

1997 est.

22.2
55

Snow survey water forecasting.—Water supply forecasts prepared from snow surveys in western states are used in making efficient seasonal use of water for irrigation, flood control,
fish and wildlife, recreation, power generation, municipal and
industrial water supply, and water quality management.
Operation of plant materials centers.—The selection and
evaluation of plant materials are made at 26 plant materials
centers through field trials to determine their suitability for
erosion control, conservation, and other environmental improvements. Native plant species will be preferred and exotic
species introductions phased out for this program.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................
Reimbursable Program ..................................................

23
1

14
1

19
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

24

15

20

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

25
–24

15
–15

20
–20

24

14

19

1

1

1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

25

15

20

72.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

3

3

2

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
73.10
73.20
74.40

New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

24
–24

15
–16

20
–20

3

2

3

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

21
3
1

12
3
1

16
2
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

24

16

20

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–1

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

24
24

14
15

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

25.2
25.2
31.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Other services:
Other services .......................................................
Other services .......................................................
Equipment .................................................................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
23
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
1
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.2

99.9

The Department cooperates with other agencies and the
States in planning small watersheds to reduce the damage
from floodwater, sediment, agricultural run-off, and erosion
and for the conservation, development, utilization, and disposal of water. Program activities will be accelerated for high
priority natural resource concerns such as: water quality and
wetlands restoration. This account will be used to develop
plans to target agency resources to achieve the goals of the
Government Performance and Results Act.

Total obligations ........................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

12
7
10
4
2
3
1 ................... ...................
1
1
1
2
2
3
2 ................... ...................
1
1
1

24

13
1
1

18
1
1

15

20

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1066–0–1–301

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

1001

WATERSHED

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1066–0–1–301

19
19

89.00
90.00

183

AND

285

168

225

16

18

18

FLOOD PREVENTION OPERATIONS

The Department makes surveys of proposed small watershed projects, and work plans are prepared in cooperation
with local sponsors. These plans outline the soil and water
management problems in the watershed, the steps that have
been or are authorized to be taken to alleviate these problems,
the proposed works of improvement to be installed, the estimated benefits and costs, cost sharing, operation and maintenance arrangements, and other information necessary to justify Federal participation in project development. Watershed
planning will emphasize water quality protection and improvement. This emphasis will better enable States to focus
on watersheds in fulfilling the requirements of the Clean
Water Act and in maintaining clean water. Program activities
will be accelerated for high priority natural resource concerns
such as: water quality and wetlands restoration.

For necessary expenses to carry out preventive measures, including
but not limited to research, engineering operations, methods of cultivation, the growing of vegetation, rehabilitation of existing works
and changes in use of land, and only high priority projects authorized
by the Flood Control Act (33 U.S.C. 701, 16 U.S.C. 1006a) in accordance with the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act approved August 4, 1954, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1001–1005, 1007–
1009), the provisions of the Act of April 27, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 590a–
f), and in accordance with the provisions of laws relating to the
activities of the Department, ø$100,000,000¿ $116,036,000, to remain
available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b) (of which at least
$15,000,000 shall be available for øthe watersheds authorized under
the Flood Control Act approved June 22, 1936 (33 U.S.C. 701, 16
U.S.C. 1006a), as amended and supplemented¿ emergency measures
as provided by sections 403–405 of the Agriculture Credit Act of 1978
(16 U.S.C. 2203–2205) including for the purchase of long-term or
permanent easements, from willing sellers, in the manner provided
for in the Wetland Reserve Program (16 U.S.C. 3837), where the
costs of land and farm structure (including levees) restoration exceed
fair market value of the affected cropland): Provided, That this appropriation shall be available for employment pursuant to the second
sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225),
and not to exceed $200,000 shall be available for employment under
5 U.S.C. 3109: Provided further, That not to exceed $1,000,000 of
this appropriation is available to carry out the purposes of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Public Law 93–205), as amended, including
cooperative efforts as contemplated by that Act to relocate endangered
or threatened species to other suitable habitats as may be necessary
to expedite project construction: Provided further, That funds provided to carry out preventive measures shall be targeted to projects
that provide the highest social and environmental benefits. (7 U.S.C.
2201–02; 33 U.S.C. 701b–1, 701b–11; Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1996.)

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Activity:
Application for planning assistance: on hand, cumulative,
start of year .......................................................................

1995 actual

1997 est.

274

280

285

17
(7)
(10)
17
(4)
(15)
91
(24)
(67)

10
(3)
(7)
10
(3)
(7)
91
(24)
(67)

10
(3)
(7)
7
(2)
(5)
94
(27)
(67)

539
17

Status of planning:
Approved for planning during year ........................................
Locally implemented ...........................................................
Federally implemented .......................................................
Planning completed during year ............................................
Locally implemented ...........................................................
Federally implemented .......................................................
Planning in process ................................................................
Locally implemented ...........................................................
Federally implemented .......................................................
Status of projects in operations:
Active projects ....................................................................
Approved for operations during year .................................

USDA Cooperative Studies:
(1) Surveys in progress, start of year ....................................
(2) Surveys initiated during year ...........................................
(3) Surveys worked during year ..............................................
(4) Surveys completed during year ........................................
(5) Surveys in progress, end of year ......................................
Flood Plain Management Assist. Program:
(1) States involved .................................................................
(2) Completed studies ............................................................
(3) Ongoing studies ................................................................
(4) Cumulative total completed .............................................

1996 est.

534
10

523
7

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

114
37
151
15
136

136
24
160
15
145

145
20
165
10
155

25
8
87
668

25
10
87
678

25
10
77
688

Identification code 12–1072–0–1–301

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Watershed Operations (P.L. 534) ..............................
00.03
Emergency Watershed Protection Operations ............
00.04
Small Watershed Operations (P.L. 566) ....................

12
134
72

18 ...................
133
15
89
101

00.91
01.01

218
22

240
30

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

116
30

184

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
WATERSHED

AND

Within the 11 authorized projects, 428 subwatershed areas
have been identified for planning purposes. Installation
progress in these subwatersheds is as follows:

FLOOD PREVENTION OPERATIONS—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–1072–0–1–301

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ...................................

1995 actual

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS

1996 est.

1997 est.

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

270

146

312
140 ...................
92
130
146
–23 ................... ...................
381
–240

270 ...................
–270
–146

140 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

70

100

116

22

30

30

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

92

130

146

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

264
240
–297

207
270
–296

181
146
–179

207

181

148

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

66
209
22

72
194
30

71
78
30

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

297

296

179

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–8
–14

–11
–19

–11
–19

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–22

–30

–30

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

70
275

100
266

116
149

These programs provide for cooperation between the Federal Government and States and their political subdivisions
to reduce damage from floodwater, sediment, and erosion,
for the conservation, development, utilization, and disposal
of water, and for the conservation and proper utilization of
land. Funds in Watershed & Flood Prevention Operations
could be used for either flood prevention projects or flood
damage rehabilitation efforts, depending upon the needs and
opportunities.
Watershed operations authorized by Public Law 534.—The
Department cooperates with soil conservation districts and
other local organizations in planning and installing works
of improvement for flood prevention in 11 watersheds authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1944. The Federal Government shares the cost of works of improvement for flood prevention, agricultural water management, recreation, and fish
and wildlife development. No funds are directly proposed for
this activity; however worthwhile projects, those with high
net social benefits and environmental objectives consistent
with current Administrations priorities, can be continued
under the Small Watershed Operations authorized by Public
Law 566.

31
68

31
68

31
68

Subtotal active subwatersheds .....................................
Projects continuing post-instal assistance ............................

240

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

1995 actual

Projects receiving land treatment ..........................................
Structural projects ..................................................................

99
220

99
220

99
220

Total operational subwatersheds ...................................
Unserviced applications ..........................................................
Planning in progress ..............................................................

319
87
24

319
87
24

319
87
24

Total subwatersheds ......................................................

430

430

430

Emergency watershed protection operations.—This program
authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to undertake such
emergency measures for runoff retardation and soil erosion
prevention as may be needed to safeguard life and property
from floods and the products of erosion on any watershed
whenever natural elements or forces cause a sudden impairment of that watershed. An emergency is considered to exist
when a watershed is suddenly impaired by flood, fire, wind,
earthquake, or other natural cause and consequently life and
property are endangered by floodwater, erosion, or sediment
discharge. The emergency area need not be declared a national disaster area to be eligible for emergency watershed
protection. Emergency watershed protection is applicable to
small scale, localized disasters as well as large scale disasters.
State environmental, natural resource, fish and game, and
other agencies participate in planning and coordinating emergency work. An estimated $5 million will be used in FY 1997
to purchase easements for the Emergency Wetland Reserve
program.
Small watershed operations authorized by Public Law
566.—The Department provides technical and financial assistance to local organizations to install measures for watershed
protection, flood prevention, agricultural water management,
recreation, and fish and wildlife enhancement. Significant reforms will be carried out in 1996 to make this program environmentally beneficial, with high returns to society resulting
from the investment. High priority P.L. 534 projects will be
eligible to compete for funding for P.L. 566 funding.
Watershed work plans are prepared by sponsoring local
organizations with the Department’s assistance or through
State and local resources. After work plans are approved by
the Department or Congress (projects where the estimated
Federal contribution will exceed $5 million require congressional approval), financial assistance is provided for specific
works of improvements.
The following tabulation shows the status of Public Law
566 projects:
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
Status of operational projects:
Projects receiving land treatment ..........................................
Structural projects ..................................................................
Land treatment and structural ...............................................

1995 actual

176
307
56

176
302
56

174
295
54

Subtotal active projects .................................................
Projects continuing post-instal assistance ............................
Inactive projects .....................................................................
Completed projects .................................................................

539
885
21
146

534
900
21
146

523
920
21
146

Total operational projects ..............................................

1,591

1,601

1,610

New projects approved during year ........................................

17

10

7

1996 est.

1997 est.

Loan services.—Loans are made to local sponsoring organizations to finance the local cost of installing works of improvement in Public Law 534 and approved Public Law 566 watershed projects. Repayment with interest is required within

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

50 years after the principal benefits of improvements first
become available. Loans are made from funds available for
this purpose from the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund
Program account. No funding has been appropriated to make
new loans in FY 1996.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1072–0–1–301

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.2
23.3

25.2
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0
41.0
42.0
99.0
99.0
25.2
99.5
99.9

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services:
Other services .......................................................
Other services .......................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
Insurance claims and indemnities ...........................

1996 est.

54
1
5

46
1
3

39
1
2

60
14
2
3
1

50
12
2
2
1

42
9
2
2
1

3

2

2

8
75
2
7
25
17
1

7
5
122
35
2
1
6
5
17 ...................
15
11
1
1

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
218
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
21
Allocation Account—Direct Obligations: Other services ...................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................
1

239
116
28
28
1 ...................
2
2

Total obligations ........................................................

240

270

146

Obligations are distributed as follows:
Natural Resources Conservation Service ................................
Forest Service ..........................................................................

218
0

238
1

116
0

1995 actual

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

RESOURCE CONSERVATION

AND

1996 est.

1,418
44

1,623
22

1,139
22

43

43

43

DEVELOPMENT

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

1996 est.

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

33

32

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1
34

2 ...................
30
29

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

35
–33

29

70.00

32
–32

29
–29

2 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

33

29

1

29

1 ...................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

34

30

29

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

7
33
–34

6
32
–33

5
29
–29

6

5

5

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

28
5
1

26
26
6
5
1 ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

34

33

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–1

–1 ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

33
33

29
32

29

29
29

Under this program, the Department assists States, local
units of government, groups and individuals in developing
area plans for resource conservation and development (RC
and D).
RC and D areas are provided technical and financial assistance to help States and local units of government prepare
plans for resource development and economic improvement
and to plan and install community-type conservation projects
or measures. Financial contributions, loans, and other Federal
assistance are used to help carry out measures specified in
RC and D area plans. Loans are made through the farm
loan program of the Farm Service Agency, formerly the Farmers Home Administration, to qualified local organizations to
help finance their share of the costs of installing the measures.
The following tabulation shows the status of RC and D
areas authorized to receive technical and financial assistance.
MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
1995 actual

Areas authorized at beginning of year .......................................
Areas authorized at end of year .................................................
Project plans written ...................................................................
Projects being implemented ........................................................
Projects completed ......................................................................

31
31
29
1 ................... ...................

00.91

32

29

277
277
1,942
2,063
1,848

1996 est.

277
289
2,050
2,146
2,050

1997 est.

289
289
2,050
2,146
2,050

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1010–0–1–302

31

1 ...................

21.40

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Technical Assistance .................................................
00.02
Financial Assistance .................................................
Total direct program .............................................

1

1997 est.

For necessary expenses in planning and carrying out projects for
resource conservation and development and for sound land use pursuant to the provisions of section 32(e) of title III of the BankheadJones Farm Tenant Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. 1010–1011; 76 Stat.
607), øand the provisions of¿ the Act of April 27, 1935 (16 U.S.C.
590a–f), and øthe provisions of¿ the Agriculture and Food Act of
1981 (16 U.S.C. 3451–3461), ø$29,000,000¿ $29,377,000, to remain
available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209): Provided, That this appropriation shall be available for employment pursuant to the second
sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225),
and not to exceed $50,000 shall be available for employment under
5 U.S.C. 3109. (7 U.S.C. 2201–02; 33 U.S.C. 701b–11; Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

Identification code 12–1010–0–1–302

Reimbursable program ..................................................

89.00
90.00

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1072–0–1–301

01.01

23.90
23.95
24.40

1997 est.

185

11.1
11.3

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

1995 actual

17
1

1996 est.

17
1

1997 est.

16
1

186

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
RESOURCE CONSERVATION

AND

practices for their land under contracts entered into in prior
years. It is a voluntary program in 556 designated counties
of 10 Great Plains States. Contracts with individual landowners range in time from 3 to 10 years.

DEVELOPMENT—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1010–0–1–302

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3

1996 est.

18
4
1
1

1997 est.

18
4
1
1

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS

25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

17
4
1
1

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

33

32

29

Obligations are distributed as follows:
Natural Resources Conservation Service ................................
Rural Utility Service ................................................................
Forest Service ..........................................................................

31,580
60
562

30,398
60
494

28,823
60
494

1
1
1
3
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 ................... ...................
32
31
29
1
1 ...................
1 ................... ...................

Direct:
1001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

483 .................... ....................
7,902
6,846
5,846
20,809,147 17,771,840 14,123,840

As of September 30, 1995, there were 6,846 active contracts
on hand. Co-landowners or operators finance the entire cost
of installing recurring management-type practices and pay
a specified part of the cost-shared practices installed on their
land. Program regulations provide that cost-share rates offered in any contract shall not exceed 80 percent of the cost
of installing eligible practices within the designated county.
There is a cost-sharing limitation of $35 thousand for any
contract.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2268–0–1–302

1995 actual

1996 est.

11.1
12.1
41.0
99.5

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1010–0–1–302

Program participants:
Number of new contracts during year ...................................
Number of contracts serviced during year .............................
Number of acres under contracts ..........................................

Total obligations ........................................................

6
2
6
1

1996 est.

1997 est.

...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................

1997 est.

472

452

6

1

Personnel Summary

433

6

15 ................... ...................

Identification code 12–2268–0–1–302

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

150 ................... ...................

GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM
FORESTRY INCENTIVES PROGRAM

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2268–0–1–302

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03

Obligations by program activity:
Cost-Share Assistance ...................................................
Cost-Share Programming and Contract ........................
Technical Assistance .....................................................

6 ................... ...................
3 ................... ...................
6 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

15 ................... ...................

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

15 ................... ...................
–15 ................... ...................

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

15 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3336–0–1–302

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

8

7

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

2
6

1 ...................
6
6

10.00

6

21.40

72.40

43
34
20
15 ................... ...................
–24
–14
–10
34

20

10

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

10 ................... ...................
14
14
10

87.00

24

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

For necessary expenses, not otherwise provided for, to carry out
the program of forestry incentives, as authorized in the Cooperative
Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2101), including technical
assistance and related expenses, $6,325,000, to remain available until
expended, as authorized by that Act: Provided, That funds shall be
targeted to lands that also provide the higher overall environmental
benefits. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

14

10

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

8
–8

7
–7

6
–6

1 ................... ...................

7

6

6

17
8
–10

15
7
–10

12
6
–9

15

12

10

3

2

2

72.40
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

15 ................... ...................
24
14
10

This program provides cost-share assistance to participating
landowners or operators in the Great Plains area in the development and installation of long-term conservation plans and

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
86.93

Outlays from current balances ......................................

7

7

8

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

10

10

9

6
10

6
10

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

25.2
41.0
99.9

1995 actual

1996 est.

Other services ................................................................ ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
8
Total obligations ........................................................

1997 est.

1
6

1
5

7

8

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

11

11

10

1 ................... ...................
11
11
10

6
9

This program was authorized by the Cooperative Forestry
Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2101). The objectives of
the program are to bring private, nonindustrial forest land
under intensified management, to increase timber production,
to ensure adequate supplies of timber products, and to enhance other forest resources. Acreage selected will be targeted
to provide the maximum environmental benefits, particularly
to benefit water quality and wildlife habitat.
The Forestry Incentives Program shares up to 65 percent
of the cost of tree planting and timberstand improvement.
The percentage cost-shared depends on the rate set in a particular State and county by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), after consulting with the State forester.
The program is available in designated counties based on
a Forest Service survey of total eligible private timberland
available for production of timber products. Technical assistance is provided by Forest Service.
The 1995 program provided funding for 141,194 acres of
tree planting, and 22,540 acres in timber stand improvements. Under the 1996 program, cost-sharing will be provided
to farmers for planting trees on 81,600 acres and improving
the timberstand on 16,400 acres of forest.
The 1997 program will provide cost-sharing for tree planting on 81,600 acres and timberstand improvement on 16,400
acres.

Identification code 12–3336–0–1–302

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

87.00

187

6

Beginning in 1996, technical assistance formerly included
under this account will be requested under Conservation Operations.
The objectives of the Water Bank Program are to conserve
water; preserve, maintain, and improve the Nation’s wetlands;
increase waterfowl habitat in migratory waterfowl nesting,
breeding, and feeding areas in the United States; and secure
recreational and environmental benefits for the Nation. The
program was authorized by the Water Bank Act of 1970,
as amended by Public Law 96–182, approved January 2, 1980.
The Water Bank Extension Act of 1994 extends for one year
1985 agreements entered into under the Water Bank Act
of 1970, and due to expire on December 31, 1995. Funding
for the expiring 1985 Water Bank agreements were transferred from the Wetlands Reserve Program 1995 appropriation to this account as authorized under the Water Bank
Extension Act of 1994. Congress did not provide funding for
this account in fiscal year 1996. For FY 1997, USDA does
not request program funding.
Under the Water Bank Program, the Secretary of Agriculture, through designated county offices, uses program
funds to enter into 10-year agreements with landowners and
operators for the conservation of specified wetlands. Provisions exist to renew agreements for additional periods, to
make annual payments on agreements, and under certain
conditions to increase payment rates in the fifth year of a
contract or at the time of renewal. During the period of the
agreement, the landowner agrees not to drain, burn, fill, or
otherwise destroy the wetland character of such areas.
During fiscal year 1996, approximately 5,838 agreements
are expected on approximately 663,448 acres. For 1997, it
is assumed that 5,357 agreements will be in effect on approximately 605,290 acres.

COLORADO RIVER BASIN SALINITY CONTROL PROGRAM
WATER BANK PROGRAM
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3320–0–1–302

10.00

1995 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................ ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

1 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ...................
1 ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
1 ................... ...................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

42.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
1
1 ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
–1 ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
1 ................... ...................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ...................................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

1 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
57
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–11
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
47

86.90
86.93

For necessary expenses for carrying out a voluntary cooperative
salinity control program pursuant to section 202(c) of title II of the
Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act, as amended (43 U.S.C.
1592(c)), to be used to reduce salinity in the Colorado River and
to enhance the supply and quality of water available for use in
the United States and the Republic of Mexico, $2,681,000, to remain
available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b), to be used for the establishment of on-farm irrigation management systems, including lateral
improvement measures, for making cost-share payments to agricultural landowners and operators, Indian tribes, irrigation districts and
associations, local governmental and nongovernmental entities, and
other landowners to aid them in carrying out approved conservation
practices as determined and recommended by the Secretary, and for
associated costs of program planning, information and education, and
program monitoring and evaluation. (Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1996.)

Identification code 12–3318–0–1–304

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

4

4

3

26

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

5
–4

3
–4

3
–3

1 ................... ...................
10
11
10

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

5

3

3

47
36
1 ...................
–11
–10
36

188

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

remain available until expended: Provided, That the Secretary is
authorized to use the services, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation for the purpose of carrying out the wetlands reserve program. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

COLORADO RIVER BASIN SALINITY CONTROL PROGRAM—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3318–0–1–304

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

72.40

15
4
–10

9
4
–6

7
3
–7

9

7

3

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

5
5

1
5

1
5

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

10

6

7

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

5
10

3
6

3
7

Beginning in 1996, technical assistance formerly included
under this account will be requested under Conservation Operations.
This program carries out the purposes of section 202(c)
of title II of the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act
(43 U.S.C. 1592(c)), as amended, by providing cost-share assistance to landowners and others in the Colorado River
Basin. States will include: Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming. The main objective
is to enhance the supply and quality of water in the Colorado
River for delivery to downstream users in the U.S. and Mexico.
Practices are recommended by the Secretary of Agriculture.
The 1996 program will focus on five project areas in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming.
The 1997 budget will provide financial assistance in promoting the Government-wide water quality initiative. The funding level of approximately $2.7 million will fund the current
five existing projects. Technical assistance funds have been
provided directly within the Conservation Operations account.
Under this program, 30 percent of cost-share funds will
be reimbursed to the U.S. Treasury by the Colorado River
Basin States.
During fiscal year 1995, approximately 102 contracts were
signed under the program in the five current project areas.
For FY 1996, it is estimated that approximately 115 contracts
will be active under the program. For FY 1997, approximately
100 contracts are anticipated for the program.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3318–0–1–304

11.1
12.1
25.2
41.0
99.9

1996 est.

1997 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
2 ................... ...................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
1 ................... ...................
Other services ................................................................
1 ................... ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................ ...................
4
3
Total obligations ........................................................

4

4

3

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–3318–0–1–304

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

60 ................... ...................

WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM
(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

For necessary expenses to carry out the wetlands reserve program
pursuant to subchapter C of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3837), ø$77,000,000¿ $188,000,000, to

Identification code 12–1080–0–1–302

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05
10.00

1995 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Restoration Costs ...........................................................
1
Easement Payments .......................................................
65
Technical Assistance .....................................................
4
Easement Overhead Costs ............................................. ...................
Cooperative Agreements ................................................ ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

19
24
113
144
11
17
6
7
5 ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

70

154

192

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

69
84

83
77

6
188

153
–70

160
–154

194
–192

83

6

1

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

40.00
41.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
Transferred to other accounts .......................................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

84

77

188

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

84

77

188

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

6
70
–16

60
154
–93

122
192
–174

60

122

140

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
16

27
66

57
117

93
77
188
–9 ................... ...................

72.40

86.90
86.93
87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

16

93

174

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

84
16

77
93

188
174

The Wetlands Reserve Program is authorized by Title XIV,
Section 1438 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and
Trade Act of 1990 (P.L. 101–624), as amended by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (P.L. 103–66). The 1993
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act authorizes the enrollment
of not less than 330,000 acres by the end of calendar year
1995, and not less than 975,000 total cumulative acres enrolled by the end of calendar year 2000. The primary objectives of the program are to preserve and restore wetlands,
improve wildlife habitat, and protect migratory waterfowl.
The Secretary of Agriculture, through designated county
offices, uses program funds to enter into contracts with landowners that operate farmed or converted wetlands, farmed
wetlands, or prior converted wetlands and adjoining land or
riparian corridors. The contracts are for both permanent and
non-permanent easements.
Under the 1992 program, 42,230 acres were enrolled in
9 pilot States. No funding was provided for operating a fiscal
year 1993 program.

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

The 1994 program provided funding for enrolling 75,000
acres in 20 States, including the nine pilot States. The 1995
program provided funding for enrolling 115,944 acres under
multiple sign-ups to eleviate a back-log of 1994 easement
opportunities. Tentatively, 141,437 acres have been accepted.
The 1995 appropriation was amended by the Water Bank
Extension Act of 1994 to provide $889,800 for expiring 1985
water bank agreements. Funds were transferred from the
WRP account to the Water Bank Account as authorized under
the Water Bank Extension Act of 1994. Under the 1996 program, $5 million of WRP funds will be transferred to the
Fish and Wildlife Foundation under a interagency agreement
of joint partnership. The Foundation will provide additional
matching funds for the acquisition of wetland easements.
The 1996 budget will provide funding for enrolling an estimated 80,000 acres. The 1997 estimate funds enrollment of
226,214 acres of both permanent and non-permanent easements. The President’s Budget recommends enrollment
through 1997 of 539,000 acres with a remainder of 435,612
acres through the year 2000. Beginning 1997, program participants will receive payments for wetlands easements, in
a lump sum or annual installment payments for permanent
easements, and annual installment payments under non-permanent easements. Compensation will be in cash as specified
in the contract, but not to exceed the fair market value of
the land. The program provides cost-share assistance to landowners for carrying out the establishment of conservation
measures and practices. The program cost-shares 75 percent
to 100 percent of eligible costs of an easement. The program
also provides reimbursement to the landowner for overhead
costs associated with acquiring an easement. Technical assistance will be funded within the account.

11.1
12.1
21.0
25.2
31.0
32.0
41.0

1995 actual

99.9

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1

1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1

1 ...................

89.00
90.00

1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
1
1 ...................

This experimental Rural Clean Water Program, authorized
by Public Law 96–108 and Public Law 96–528, was a cooperative endeavor among farmers, various USDA agencies, and
other organizations to develop and test means of controlling
agricultural nonpoint source water pollution in rural areas.
Recommended project areas were developed by local and
State committees and approved by the Secretary of Agriculture in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. Full funding was provided in previous appropriations for all approved projects. The implementation period for all projects has ended, and no additional
obligations will be incurred. Payment of prior year obligations
is expected to continue through calendar year 1999. Similar
activities will be carried out through the Agricultural Conservation Program.

1996 est.

1997 est.

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
2
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................ ...................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................ ...................
Other services ................................................................
1
Equipment ......................................................................
1
Land and structures ......................................................
66
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................ ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

70

5
7
1
1
1
2
2
4
2
3
138
175
5 ...................
154

192

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1080–0–1–302

1001

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
4
3
2
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–1
–1 ...................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
–1 ................... ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
3
2 ...................
72.40

AGRICULTURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
ACCOUNT

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1080–0–1–302

189

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

52

1996 est.

136

1997 est.

202

Identification code 12–2086–0–1–351

01.99
07.99

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1
1

1997 est.

1
1

1
1

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with loan guarantees committed in 1993 and beyond.
The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis.
This program, also known as ‘‘Farms for the Future’’, provides guarantees and interest assistance on loans made to
State trust funds. The assisted loans finance programs to
protect and preserve farmland in participating States. No
funds for this program were provided in 1996, and none are
requested in 1997.

RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM
AGRICULTURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION DEMONSTRATION
GUARANTEED LOAN FINANCING ACCOUNT

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3337–0–1–304

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
2
3
2
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
1 ................... ...................

Identification code 12–4177–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

70.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
3
3
2
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
3
2 ...................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Total new budget authority (gross) ............................... ................... ................... ...................

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ...............................................................

2

2

2

10.00
23.90
23.95
24.40

00.02

Total obligations ........................................................

2

2

2

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................

11
9
7
1 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

12
–2

21.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

9
–2

7
–2

190

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
22.00

AGRICULTURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION DEMONSTRATION
GUARANTEED LOAN FINANCING ACCOUNT—Continued

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
1 ................... ...................
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ...................
1 ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–1
–1 ...................
72.40

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4177–0–3–351

24.90

68.00

Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

7

5

86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

87.00

9

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1 ................... ...................
89.00
90.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

2
–2

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances ................................

1

1 ...................

87.00

2

2

73.10
73.20

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................

Total financing disbursements (gross) .....................

2
–2

2
–2

2

1 ................... ...................
1

1 ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
1
1 ...................

Funds received from State and local organizations, and others are available for work under cooperative agreements for
soil survey, watershed protection, and resource conservation
and development activities.
Personnel Summary

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
88.25
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Interest on
uninvested funds ..................................................

89.00
90.00

1001
–1 ................... ...................

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Financing disbursements ...............................................
1
2
2

1995 actual

1

1997 est.

6

3

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE
General and special funds:

1996 est.

1997 est.

SALARIES

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders .............................................................................. ................... ................... ...................
2150

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

Federal Funds

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4177–0–3–351

1995 actual

Identification code 12–8210–0–7–300

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................ ................... ................... ...................

2210

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................

17

17

17

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

17

17

17

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

17

17

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Rural Utilities Service, including
administering the programs authorized by the Rural Electrification
Act of 1936, as amended, and the Consolidated Farm and Rural
Development Act, as amended, ø$18,449,000, of which $7,000 shall
be available for financial credit reports¿ and cooperative agreements,
$33,873,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available for
employment pursuant to the second sentence of 706(a) of the Organic
Act of 1944, and not to exceed ø$103,000¿ $110,000 may be used
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

17

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1981–0–1–452

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from guaranteed loans committed
in 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals.

1994 actual

1101
1999

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

10

9

8

7

Total assets ........................................

10

9

8

7

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ............................................................... ...................
Reimbursable program .................................................. ...................

18
47

34
36

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

65

70

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

65
–65

70
–70

18

34

47

36

65

70

................... ...................
...................
65
...................
–57

8
70
–67

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations (object class 99.5) ............................ ...................

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

MISCELLANEOUS CONTRIBUTED FUNDS

1995 actual

1997 est.

00.01
01.01

70.00

Trust Funds

Identification code 12–8210–0–7–300

1996 est.

22.00
23.95

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4177–0–3–351

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1 ...................
86.90

...................

8

11

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................

10

25

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
86.93
86.97

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

–47

18
10

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

39 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

57

6
36

22.00
22.30

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

37 ................... ...................
–37 ................... ...................

68.00

87.00

Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
47

191

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

39 ................... ...................

67

–36

34
30

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
72.90

The Rural Utilities Service (RUS), under authority of the
Rural Electrification Act of 1936, as amended, and the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, makes grants,
direct loans, and guarantees loans made by other qualified
lenders, to suppliers of electric, telecommunication, and water/
wastewater/waste disposal services in rural areas. RUS also
provides technical assistance to rural communities concerning
water and waste disposal services. In addition, RUS makes
grants to provide access to advanced telecommunications services and computer networks for distance learning and
telemedicine facilities.
The electric and telecommunications loan and grant programs are administered in the Washington, DC, offices of
RUS. In addition, RUS general field representatives visit borrowers periodically and maintain liaison between borrowers
and headquarters. RUS administers the water and waste programs through the Washington headquarters, with the loan
making and servicing activities being performed by the Rural
Economic and Community Development field office staff.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1981–0–1–452

11.1
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3
24.0
25.2

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ............................................. ...................
Other personnel compensation ............................. ...................

1996 est.

86.97
86.98
87.00

1997 est.

99.9

99.0

...................
16
................... ...................
................... ...................

23
4
1

99.9

...................
1
................... ...................
...................
1

2
1
3

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
18
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................
47
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ...................

34
33
3

–39 ................... ...................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations .......................................................................

37 ................... ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

37 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

65

1995 actual

.............................. ...................
and holiday hours ...................

1996 est.

233
1

1997 est.

1995 actual

Identification code 12–3100–0–1–271

70

Personnel Summary

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

6 ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–3
6 ...................

Identification code 12–3100–0–1–271

22
1

Identification code 12–1981–0–1–452

37

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

2001
99.0
99.0
99.5

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

In FY 1996, the Rural Electrification Administration became part of the Rural Utilities Service (RUS) along with
certain programs formerly administered by the Rural Development Administration.

14
2

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................

6 ................... ...................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
37 ................... ...................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................
6 ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

89.00
90.00

5
6 ...................
37 ................... ...................
–37
–6 ...................

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

DISTANCE LEARNING

AND

610
1

406
1

430
1

1997 est.

474 ................... ...................

MEDICAL LINK GRANTS

For necessary expenses to carry into effect the programs authorized
in sections 2331–2335 of Public Law 101–624, ø$7,500,000¿
$20,261,000 to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1232–0–1–452

.............................. ...................
and holiday hours ...................

1996 est.

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

AND

Obligations by program activity:
Distance Learning and Medical Link Grants .................

8

8

20

10.00

SALARIES

00.01

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................

8

8

20

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

8
–8

8
–8

20
–20

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

8

8

20

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

19

20

2

EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3100–0–1–271

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
01.01 Reimbursable program ..................................................

37 ................... ...................

10.00

37 ................... ...................

Total obligations ........................................................

72.40

192

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
DISTANCE LEARNING

AND

In FY 1997, funding for the Solid Waste Management grant
program is requested to be appropriated to the Rural Performance Partnership Program and transferred to this account
for administration.

MEDICAL LINK GRANTS—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–1232–0–1–452

73.10
73.20
74.40

86.90
86.93
87.00

New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

GRANT OBLIGATIONS

8
–6

8
–26

20
–17

20

2

6
20

15
2

1996 est.

1997 est.

5

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
6

1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

39
$3

30
$3

38
$3

EMERGENCY COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANTS
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

6

26

17

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

8
6

8
26

20
17

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

5 ................... ...................

This grant program provides access to advanced telecommunications services for improved education and health
care in rural areas throughout the country. The grants help
education and health care providers bring the most modern
technology, level of care, and education to rural America so
its citizens can compete regionally, nationally, and globally.
Program guidelines allow priority for projects which include
jointly-shared telecommunications facilities.

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

10 ................... ...................
–5 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

5 ................... ...................
–5 ................... ...................

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

10 ................... ...................

Grant obligations:
Number of grants ...................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..............................

72.40

1995 actual

29
$8

1996 est.

1997 est.

29
$8

78
$20

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT GRANTS

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

86.90
86.93

1995 actual

3

3
–3

1996 est.

1997 est.

2

2
–2

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

87.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2045–0–1–304

1995 actual

Identification code 12–2046–0–1–451

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3

3
–3

New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation ..................................................................
3 ................... ...................
42.00 Transferred from other accounts ................................... ...................
2
3
43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

3

2

3

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

3

2

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

4
3
–3

4
2
–3

4
3
–3

4

4

4

72.40

1996 est.

1997 est.

27
18
6
5 ................... ...................
–15
–12
–6
18

6

1

1 ................... ...................
14
12
6
15

12

6

10 ................... ...................
15
12
6

These grant programs are authorized under Sections 306A
and 306B of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a) and 7 U.S.C. 1926(b)) as amended.
Grants are made to public bodies and private nonprofit organizations for construction or extension of waterlines, repair
or maintenance of existing systems, replacement of equipment, and payment of costs to correct emergency situations.
Funding in 1995 was available only for emergency requirements as the President designates. No program is proposed
for FY 1997. Funds for these activities, as needed, will be
provided through the Rural Water and Waste Disposal Loan
and Grant Program.
GRANT OBLIGATIONS

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

3

3

2

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

3

3

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
3

2
3

3
3

This grant program is authorized under Section 310B(b)
of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as
amended (7 U.S.C. 1932). Grants are made to non-profit organizations to provide technical assistance to local and regional
governments for the purpose of reducing or eliminating pollution of water resources, and for improving the planning and
management of solid waste disposal facilities.

1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

1996 est.

21
$5

0
$0

1997 est.

0
$0

RURAL UTILITIES ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
øINCLUDING

TRANSFERS OF FUNDS¿

øFor the cost of direct loans, loan guarantees, and grants, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1926, 1928, and 1932, $487,868,000, to remain
available until expended, to be available for loans and grants for
rural water and waste disposal and solid waste management grants:
Provided, That the costs of direct loans and loan guarantees, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as defined in section
502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That
of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $4,500,000 shall be

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
available for contracting with the National Rural Water Association
or equally qualified national organizations for a circuit rider program
to provide technical assistance for rural water systems: Provided further, That of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $18,700,000
shall be available for water and waste disposal systems to benefit
the Colonias along the United States/Mexico border, including grants
pursuant to section 306C: Provided further, That of the total amount
appropriated, $18,688,000 shall be for empowerment zones and enterprise communities, as authorized by Public Law 103–66: Provided
further, That if such funds are not obligated for empowerment zones
and enterprise communities by June 30, 1996, they shall remain
available for other authorized purposes under this head.¿
øIn addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out
direct loans, loan guarantees, and grants, $12,740,000, of which
$12,623,000 shall be transferred to and merged with ‘‘Rural Utilities
Service, Salaries and Expenses’’.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1996.)

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

500

193
399

590

72.40

1,065
1,211
1,155
508
400
590
–356
–457
–435
–6 ................... ...................
1,211

1,155

1,310

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

15
341

11
446

18
417

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

356

457

435

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

500
356

399
457

590
435

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1982–0–1–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 25.2) ............................ ...................

13 ...................

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

13 ...................
–13 ...................

40.00
41.00
42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ...................
Transferred to other accounts ....................................... ...................
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ...................

501 ...................
–524 ...................
36 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .................................................. ...................

13 ...................

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

13 ...................

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

13 ...................
–13 ...................

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................

13 ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

This grant program is authorized under section 306(a)(2)
of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as
amended. Grants are authorized to be made to associations,
including nonprofit corporations, public and quasi-public agencies, and certain Indian tribes to finance development, storage, treatment, purification, or distribution of water or the
collection, treatment, or disposal of waste in rural areas. The
amount of any development grant may not exceed 75 percent
of the eligible development cost of the project.
The major objectives of the rural water and waste disposal
grant program are: (1) to provide assistance to attain basic
human amenities; (2) to alleviate health hazards; (3) to promote stability of rural areas by meeting the need for new
and improved rural water and waste disposal systems; and
(4) to meet national safe drinking water and clean water
standards.
In FY 1997, funding for the Rural Water and Waste Disposal grant program is requested to be appropriated to the
Rural Performance Partnership Program and transferred to
this account for administration.

13 ...................

GRANT OBLIGATIONS
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

13 ...................
13 ...................

1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

1,421
$508

1996 est.

1997 est.

1,151
$400

1,932
$590

Credit accounts:
RURAL WATER
RURAL WATER

AND

WASTE DISPOSAL GRANTS

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00
42.00
43.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1995 actual

508

3
500

1996 est.

400

1997 est.

590

2 ...................
399
590

6 ................... ...................
509
–508

400
–400

590
–590

2 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
500 ................... ...................
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ...................
399
590
Appropriation (total) ..................................................

500

WASTE DISPOSAL LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Identification code 12–1980–0–1–452

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2066–0–1–452

AND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

399

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................ ...................

123

69

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

123

69

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

123
–123

69
–69

42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ...................

123

69

................... ...................
...................
123
...................
–97

289
69
–107

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.30 Obligated balance transferred from other accounts,
net .............................................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

...................

263 ...................

...................

289

251

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................

3

2

590
86.90

194

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
68.90

Credit accounts—Continued
RURAL WATER

AND

WASTE DISPOSAL LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT—
Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–1980–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

86.93

Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

94

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

97

107

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

123
97

69
107

457

193

Total new financing authority (gross) ...................... ...................

639

934

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance ............................. ................... ...................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ...................... ................... ...................

1,391
288

70.00

105

87.00

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................ ...................

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ...........................................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

...................

547

800

...................

22.50

8.57

...................

123

69

...................

97

107

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Loan guarantee levels ................................................... ...................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
2320 Guaranteed Subsidy rate ............................................... ...................

74.90
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Obligated balance transferred, net ...............................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

................... ...................
1,679
...................
639
934
...................
–692
–811
...................
1,732 ...................
...................
...................

1,391
288

1,553
249

74.99

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1980–0–1–452

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.30

Total unpaid obligations, end of year .................. ...................

1,679

1,802

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ...................

692

811

–97

–107

–12
–60

–22
–103

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources ..................................................... ...................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayment of principal .................................... ...................
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................ ...................
88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) .................. ...................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............ ...................

–169
–288

–232
39

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ...................
Financing disbursements ............................................... ...................

182
523

741
579

50 ...................
–1.18

0.00

This account provides funding to local governments and
nonprofit organizations for the development of storage, treatment, purification, or distribution of water or collection, treatment, or disposal of waste in rural areas.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees
committed in FY 1992 and beyond, as well as administrative
expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated
on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are
estimated on a cash basis.
In FY 1997, funding for the Direct Water and Waste loan
program is requested to be appropriated to the Rural Performance Partnership Program and transferred to this account
for administration. Funding for salaries and expenses associated with this program is requested to be appropriated to
the Rural Utilities Service salaries and expenses account.

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in FY
1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals. Loans
made prior to FY 1992 are recorded in the Rural Development
Insurance Fund Liquidating Account.
The water and waste disposal program makes loans and
grants to finance water and waste disposal facilities in rural
areas.
Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4226–0–1–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

AND

WASTE DISPOSAL DIRECT LOANS FINANCING
ACCOUNT

1995 actual

1996 est.

800

547

800

1210
1231
1251
1264

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4226–0–1–452

547

1150

RURAL WATER

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ...................

1290
547
92

800
134

10.00

639

934

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) .................................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
67.15 Authority to borrow (indefinite) ..................................... ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources ...................

639
–639

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net .............

................... ...................
1,567
...................
600
677
...................
–12
–22
...................
979 ...................

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct Loans ................................................................... ...................
00.02 Interest on Treasury Borrowing ...................................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

Total direct loan obligations ..................................... ...................

934
–934

182

741

169
288

232
–39

Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ...................

1,567

2,222

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4226–0–1–452

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1402
Interest receivable ..............................
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

..................

..................

1,391

1,554

..................

..................

288

249

..................
..................
..................

..................
..................
..................

1,567
60
..................

2,222
103
..................

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
1499

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

195

..................

1,627

..................

3,306

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

494

10

22

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

394

8

17

4,128

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................

..................
..................

..................
..................

1,679
1,339

1,802
2,077

2999

..................

..................

3,018

3,879

..................

..................

288

249

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

–487 ...................

2,325

..................

Other adjustments, net ............................................. ...................

2290
1999

2264
..................

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

288

249

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

3,306

4,128

RURAL øDEVELOPMENT INSURANCE FUND¿ WATER AND WASTE
DISPOSAL GUARANTEED LOANS FINANCING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4218–0–3–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from guaranteed loans committed
in FY 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are
a means of financing and are not included in the budget
totals. Loans made prior to FY 1992 are recorded in the
Rural Development Insurance Fund Liquidating Account.
This account finances loan guarantee commitments for
water systems, waste disposal facilities, community facilities
and industrial development in rural areas. In FY 1996, the
financing of community facility and business and industry
loan programs were transferred to new accounts.

1997 est.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Obligations by program activity:
00.02 Subsidy reestimate paid to receipt account .................
10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

7 ................... ...................

Identification code 12–4218–0–3–452

1994 actual

1995 actual

7 ................... ...................

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

20

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2204 Non-Federal liabilities: Liabilities for
loan guarantees ..................................

20
20

24

..................

..................

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

20

24

..................

..................

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

20

24

..................

..................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
20
24 ...................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
11 ................... ...................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ................................... ...................
–24 ...................
21.90

23.90
23.95
24.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

31 ................... ...................
–7 ................... ...................

11 ................... ...................

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

7 ................... ...................
–7 ................... ...................

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

7 ................... ...................

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Payments from program account .........................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
88.40
Fees .......................................................................

–7 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................

88.90

89.00
90.00

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–11 ................... ...................

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders ..............................................................................
2112 Uncommitted loan guarantee limitation .......................
2150
2199

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loan commitments

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
2210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
2231 Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
2251 Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments:
2263
Terminations for default that result in claim payments ....................................................................

24

..................

..................

24

..................

..................

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

AND TELEPHONE LOANS PROGRAM
ACCOUNT

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Financing disbursements ...............................................
–4 ................... ...................

Identification code 12–4218–0–3–452

1997 est.

24 ................... ...................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

68.00

1996 est.

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

575
50 ...................
–100 ................... ...................
475
380

50 ...................
40 ...................

311
494
10
217
3
12
–33 ................... ...................

–1 ................... ...................

Insured loans pursuant to the authority of section 305 of the Rural
Electrification Act of 1936, as amended (7 U.S.C. 935), shall be made
as follows: 5 percent rural electrification loans, ø$90,000,000¿
$125,000,000, 5 percent rural øtelephone¿ telecommunications loans,
ø$70,000,000¿ $75,000,000; cost of money rural øtelephone¿ telecommunications loans, $300,000,000; municipal rate rural electric
loans, ø$525,000,000¿ $600,000,000; and loans made pursuant to section 306 of that Act, ø$420,000,000¿ rural electric, $400,000,000, and
rural telecommunications, $120,000,000, to remain available until expended.
For the cost, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget
Act of 1974, including the cost of modifying loans, of direct and
guaranteed loans authorized by the Rural Electrification Act of 1936,
as amended (7 U.S.C. 935), as follows: cost of direct loans,
ø$35,126,000¿ $4,817,500; cost of municipal rate loans, ø$56,858,000¿
$32,280,000; cost of money rural telephone loans, $60,000; cost of
loans guaranteed pursuant to section 306, ø$2,520,000¿ $3,720,000:
Provided, That notwithstanding section 305(d)(2) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, borrower interest rates may exceed 7 percent
per year.
In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out
the direct and guaranteed loan programs, ø$29,982,000¿ $33,070,000,
which shall be transferred to and merged with the appropriation
for ‘‘Salaries and Expenses.’’ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Rural electrification and telephone loans, negative
subsidies ...................................................................
01.99

04.00

Total: Balances and collections ....................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

38

39

41

1

2

2

39

41

43

196

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
1330
1330

Credit accounts—Continued
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELEPHONE LOANS PROGRAM
ACCOUNT—Continued

1339

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

07.99

Total balance, end of year ............................................

1995 actual

39

1996 est.

Direct loans, FFB electric .............................................. ...................
3
4
Direct loans, FFB telecommunications .......................... ................... ................... ...................

1997 est.

41

43

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
60
95
41
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Direct loans, electric ......................................................
119
57
29
1340 Direct loans, municipal rate electric .............................
19
28
43
1340 Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
21
26
19
1340 Direct loans, Treasury rate telecommunications ........... ................... ................... ...................
1340 Direct loans, FFB electric .............................................. ...................
4
3
1340 Direct loans, FFB telecommunications .......................... ................... ................... ...................
1349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

159

115

94

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

30
30

30
30

33
33

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
00.05
00.06
00.09

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................
Reestimate of the direct loan subsidy ..........................
Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy .............
Administrative expenses subject to limitation ..............

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

151

126

74

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

151
–151

126
–126

74
–74

90

125

74

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
60.05
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

60
95
41
54
1 ...................
7 ................... ...................
30
30
33

61 ................... ...................
151

126

74

72.40

270
217
196
151
126
74
–196
–146
–127
–8 ................... ...................
217

196

143

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

35
36
37
100
109
91
61 ................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

196

146

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

151
196

126
146

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

25.3
41.0
43.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
Interest and dividends ...................................................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

74
127

1996 est.

1997 est.

30
30
33
114
96
41
7 ................... ...................

127

89.00
90.00

The Rural Utilities Service conducts the rural electrification
and the rural telecommunications loan programs. The rural
electrification loan program is financed through RUS direct
loans for the operation of generating plants, electric transmission, and distribution lines or systems. The rural telecommunications loan program is financed through RUS direct
loans for construction, expansion, acquisition, and operation
of telecommunications lines and facilities or systems.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for rural electrification and telecommunications program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct
loans obligated in FY 1992 and beyond (including modifications of direct loans or loan guarantees that resulted from
obligations or commitments in any year), as well as administrative expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are
estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis.

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

AND

151

126

74

TELEPHONE DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)

Identification code 12–4208–0–3–271

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loans, electric ......................................................
1150 Direct loans, municipal rate electric .............................
1150 Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
1150 Direct loans, Treasury rate telecommunications ...........
1150 Direct loans, FFB electric ..............................................
1150 Direct loans, FFB telecommunications ..........................
1159

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Direct loans, electric ......................................................
1320 Direct loans, municipal rate electric .............................
1320 Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
1320 Direct loans, Treasury rate telecommunicataions .........
1320 Direct loans, FFB electric ..............................................
1320 Direct loans, FFB telecommunications ..........................

1329

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

74
536
48
242
300
119

90
545
71
300
300
120

125
600
75
300
400
120

1,319

1,426
23.37
10.44
19.59
0.02
0.84
–0.05

2.90
5.38
1.59
0.02
0.93
–0.07

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans, electric ......................................................
Direct loans, Municipal rate electric .............................
Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
Direct loans, Treasury rate telecommunications ...........
Direct loans, FFB electric ..............................................
Direct loans, FFB telecommunications ..........................
Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................
Negative subsidy ............................................................
Total obligations ........................................................

1,486

1,657

1,928

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) ....................................
New obligations .............................................................

1,486
–1,486

1,657
–1,657

1,928
–1,928

1,212

1,278

1,511

74
91
125
537
545
600
48
71
75
243
300
300
300
300
400
119
120
120
161
230
308
4 ................... ...................

1,620

13.09
8.58
7.91
0.02
–0.03
–3.91

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05
00.06
00.07
00.08
10.00

Identification code 12–1230–0–1–271

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
4.51
6.63
2.52
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Direct loans, electric ......................................................
10
21
4
1330 Direct loans, municipal rate electric .............................
46
57
32
1330 Direct loans, telecommunications .................................
4
14
1
1330 Direct loans, Treasury rate telecommunications ........... ................... ................... ...................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
67.15

68.90

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

365
400
471
–53
–21
–53
–38 ................... ...................
274

379

418

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
70.00

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

1,486

1,657

1,928

Debt .....................................................

1,750

2,367

3,121

3,992

2999
2,470
270

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40

2,740
3,238
3,470
1,486
1,657
1,928
–991
–1,425
–1,584
3 ................... ...................

3,021
217

3,274
196

74.90
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Unpaid obligations ....................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

3,021
217

3,274
196

3,670
143

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

3,238

3,470

3,813

Total liabilities ....................................

3,655

4,464

5,309

6,389

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

3,655

4,464

5,309

6,389

19

31

..................

..................

824
..................

..................
1,074

..................
1,224

..................
1,359

133
–12

288
–28

631
–74

983
–146

121

260

557

837

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Unpaid obligations ....................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

Outlays (gross), detail:
87.00 Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

2103

197

964

1,365

1,781

2,196

824
140

1,067
298

1,523
556

1,358
836

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

964

1,365

2,079

2,194

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

964

1,365

2,079

2,194

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1102
Treasury securities, par ..................
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
1499

991

1,425

1,584

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999
Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Payment from program account ...........................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayment of principal ....................................
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................

–166
–38

–116
–10

–94
–10

–42
–119

–37
–237

–65
–302

88.90
88.95

–365
53

–400
21

–471
53

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority ........................................................
90.00 Financing disbursements ...............................................

1,174
628

1,278
1,025

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELEPHONE REVOLVING FUND
LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT

1,510
1,113

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from electric and telecommunication direct loans obligated in FY 1992 and beyond (including
modifications of direct loans that resulted from obligations
in any year). The amounts in this account are a means of
financing and are not included in the budget totals.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4230–0–3–271

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Interest expense on certificates of beneficial ownership ............................................................................
00.02 Interest expense, FFB direct ..........................................
00.03 Other interest expense ...................................................

496
1,014
557

496
967
193

496
904
228

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................

2,067

1,656

1,628

22.00
22.70

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn ....................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

00.01

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4208–0–3–271

1996 est.

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................

1,320

1,426

1,620

1150

1,320

1,426

1,620

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
1264 Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net .............

1,953
2,740
3,895
830
1,192
1,275
–42
–37
–67
–1 ................... ...................

1290

2,740

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

3,895

2,811
1,656
1,628
–744 ................... ...................
2,067
–2,067

1,656
–1,656

1,628
–1,628

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
3,338
68.27
Capital transfer to general fund .............................. ...................
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
–527

3,381
–973
–752

3,059
–584
–847

68.90

5,103
70.00

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

2,811

1,656

1,628

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

2,811

1,656

1,628

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4208–0–3–271

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
1499
1999

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

60

163

..................

..................

1,905
1

2,098
21

2,187
..................

2,397
..................

1,821
–132

2,452
–270

3,264
–143

4,122
–130

1,689

2,182

3,121

3,992

3,655

4,464

5,308

6,389

1,905

2,097

2,188

2,397

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.47
Authority to borrow ...............................................
72.90
Fund balance ........................................................
72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40
73.45
74.47

86.97
86.98
87.00

2,256
2,851
2,624
1,047 ................... ...................

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
3,303
2,851
2,624
New obligations .............................................................
2,067
1,656
1,628
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–2,511
–1,884
–1,805
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
–8 ................... ...................
Adjustments in unexpired accounts .............................. ................... ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow ....................................................
2,851
2,624
2,446
Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
2,510
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2,511

1,656
227

1,628
178

1,884

1,805

198

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued

ELECTRIC PROGRAM STATISTICS
[dollars in millions]

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND TELEPHONE REVOLVING FUND
LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT—Continued

1995 actual

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4230–0–3–271

1996 est.

1997 est.

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Loans repaid .....................................................
88.40
Interest from loans ...........................................

–1,381
–1,957

–1,553
–1,828

–1,331
–1,728

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–3,338

–3,381

–3,059

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

–527
–828

–1,725
–1,497

–1,431
–1,254

Cumulative RUS financed direct loans .......................................
Cumulative FFB financed direct loans .......................................
Cumulative RUS funds advanced ...............................................
Unadvanced RUS funds, end of year ..........................................
Cumulative RUS principal repaid ...............................................
Cumulative RUS interest paid ....................................................
Cumulative loan guarantee commitments1 ................................
Number of borrowers ...................................................................

1996 est.

21,938
28,011
21,845
93
10,533
9,444
960
887

1997 est.

21,938
28,011
21,867
71
11,375
9,890
960
855

21,938
28,011
21,885
53
12,022
10,309
960
830

NOTES
1 Represents

loans financed by private lenders, including refinanced direct loans, FFB.

Rural telecommunications.—This loan program is financed
through RUS direct loans for the construction, expansion, acquisition, and operation of telecommunications lines and facilities or systems.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROGRAM STATISTICS
[dollars in millions]

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4230–0–3–271

1210
1231
1251
1264

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net .............

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1995 actual
1996 est.

1997 est.

34,099
33,101
31,775
432
227
178
–1,381
–1,553
–1,331
–49 ................... ...................
33,101

31,775

30,622

Cumulative RUS financed direct loans .......................................
Cumulative FFB financed direct loans .......................................
Cumulative RUS funds advanced ...............................................
Unadvanced RUS funds, end of period ......................................
Cumulative RUS principal repaid ...............................................
Cumulative RUS interest paid ....................................................
Cumulative loan guarantee commitments 1 ...............................
Number of borrowers ...................................................................
1 Other

1995 actual

1997 est.

6,083
616
5,882
201
2,612
2,301
3
900

6,083
616
5,993
90
2,758
2,442
3
905

lenders—privately financed direct loans, FFB.

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4230–0–3–271

1996 est.

6,083
616
5,758
325
2,533
2,162
3
897

1996 est.

1997 est.

2210
2251

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Repayments and prepayments ......................................

704
–17

687
–20

667
–22

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

687

667

Identification code 12–4230–0–3–271

645

0111
0112
0119

ELECTRIC PROGRAM:
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

2,116
–2,672

1,782
–2,782

1,690
–1,399

1,584
–1,400

–556

–1,000

291

184

178
–107

173
–96

186
–92

190
–90

0121
0122
645

STATUS OF AGENCY DEBT
[In millions of dollars]

Agency Debt Held by FFB:
Outstanding FFB Direct, start of year ......................
Outstanding CBO’s, start of year .............................
New agency borrowing, FFB Direct ...........................
New agency borrowing, CBO’s ..................................
Repayments and prepayments, FFB Direct ...............
Repayments and prepayments, CBO’s ......................

1995 actual

1996 est.

16,041
4,599
......................
......................
¥285
......................

15,756
4,599
......................
......................
¥318
......................

Outstanding FFB Direct, end of year ........................
Outstanding CBO’s, end of year ...............................

16,048
4,599

15,756
4,599

15,438
4,599

77

94

100

2,294

1,955

1,876

1,774

Total expenses .........................................

–2,779

–2,878

–1,491

–1,490

Net income or loss ..................................

–485

–923

385

284

1997 est.

16,088
4,599
293
......................
¥333
......................

71

Total revenues .........................................

0199

667

Net income or loss (–) ............................

0192

687

0129
0191

Memorandum:
2299 Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

Net income or loss (–) ............................
TELECOMMUNICATION PROGRAM:
Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for rural electrification and telecommunications programs, all cash flows to and from the Government
resulting from direct loans obligated and loan guarantees
committed prior to FY 1992. All new activity in RETRF in
FY 1992 and beyond (including modifications of direct loans
or loan guarantees that resulted from obligations or commitments in any year) is recorded in corresponding program and
financing accounts.
The Rural Utilities Service will continue to service all loans
in this account providing business management and technical
assistance to the borrowers on a regular basis over the life
of the loans.
Rural electric.—This program is financed through RUS direct loans for the construction and operation of generating
plants, electric transmission, and distribution lines or systems.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4230–0–3–271

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
1699

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2202
Interest payable ..................................
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

Total liabilities ....................................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

905

1,397

..................

..................

..................
31

67
194

2
7

2
7

30,619

33,101

31,775

30,622

–3,854

–4,724

–4,564

–4,423

26,765

28,377

27,211

26,199

27,701

30,035

27,220

26,208

1
25,638

304
28,863

..................
28,413

..................
27,722

..................
32
2,898

33
..................
2,863

..................
..................
2,863

..................
..................
2,863

28,569

32,063

31,276

30,585

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

3100
3300

NET POSITION:
Appropriated capital ................................
Cumulative results of operations ............

1,896
–2,764

1,896
–3,923

1,741
–5,795

1,741
–6,116

3999

Total net position ................................

–868

–2,027

–4,054

–4,375

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

27,701

30,036

27,222

26,210

142

168

..................

..................

592
8

592
12

592
..................

592
..................

199

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
Non-Federal assets:
1201
Investments in non-Federal securities,
net ..................................................
1206
Receivables, net ..................................
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................

3,485

3,386

3,447

3,419

–15

–15

–15

–15

3,469

3,371

3,432

3,404

4,211

4,142

4,024

3,996

..................
2,584

3
2,428

..................
2,235

..................
1,903

..................
18

2
22

..................
13

..................
..................

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

2,602

2,456

2,248

1,903

730
880

730
957

653
1,123

653
1,440

3999

Total net position ................................

1,610

1,687

1,776

2,093

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

4,212

4,142

4,024

3,997

1699

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

73.10
73.20
74.40

9
–6

6
–6

4

7

7

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

9
1

4
2

4
2

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

10

6

6

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

10
10

9
6

6
6

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for the Rural Telephone Bank, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated in FY
1992 and beyond as well as administrative expenses for the
program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present
value basis; administrative expenses are estimated on a cash
basis.
Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1231–0–1–452

1995 actual

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ...........................................................
175
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................
0.44
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
1
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays .............................................................. ...................

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

175

175

2.87

1.33

5

2

2

2

4
4

4
4

9
9

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

The Rural Telephone Bank is hereby authorized to make such
expenditures, within the limits of funds available to such corporation
in accord with law, and to make such contracts and commitments
without regard to fiscal year limitations as provided by section 104
of the Government Corporation Control Act, as amended, as may
be necessary in carrying out its authorized programs for the current
fiscal year. During fiscal year ø1996¿ 1997 and within the resources
and authority available, gross obligations for the principal amount
of direct loans shall be $175,000,000.
For the cost, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget
Act of 1974, including the cost of modifying loans, of direct loans
authorized by the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, as amended (7
U.S.C. 935), ø$5,023,000¿ $2,328,000.
In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out
the loan programs, ø$3,541,000¿ $3,500,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

Identification code 12–1231–0–1–452

25.3

1996 est.

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

41.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

9
1

4
5

4
2

99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................

10

9

6

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

10

9

6

RURAL TELEPHONE BANK DIRECT LOAN FINANCING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4210–0–3–452

00.01
00.03
00.04

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

10
–10

86.90
86.93

RURAL TELEPHONE BANK PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Identification code 12–1231–0–1–452

New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1995 actual

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans ....................................................................
175
Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................
14
RTB Equity Fund ............................................................ ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

175
11
1

175
21
1

1997 est.

10.00
Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct loan subsidy ........................................................
00.09 Administrative expenses subject to limitation ..............

1
9

5
4

2
4

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

10

9

6

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

10
–10

9
–9

6
–6

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

10

9

6

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

3

4

7

72.40

Total obligations ........................................................

189

187

197

22.00

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) ....................................

189

187

197

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

189
–189

187
–187

197
–197

173

170

173

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
67.15

68.90

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

21
1
–5
17

33
42
3 ...................
–18
–17
18

25

200

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
RURAL TELEPHONE BANK DIRECT LOAN FINANCING ACCOUNT—
Continued

1401
1405

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued

1499

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4210–0–3–452

70.00

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

1996 est.

189

187

1997 est.

197

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

449
3

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40

452
585
537
189
187
197
–52
–235
–201
–5 ................... ...................

74.90
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

74.99

87.00

581
4

530
7

581
4

530
7

585

537

52

235

201

118
–4

338
–10

513
–17

82

114

328

496

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2201 Non-Federal liabilities: Accounts payable

536

789

865

1,029

452
80
4

585
199
5

537
311
17

533
471
25

2999

1999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

536

789

865

1,029

..................

..................

..................

..................

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

..................

..................

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

536

789

865

1,029

533

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

85
–3

526
7

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources: Payment from Program Account
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Principal received on loans ..............................
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................
88.40
Sale of RTB Stock ............................................

RURAL TELEPHONE BANK LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4231–0–3–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03

Obligations by program activity:
Interest expense .............................................................
Dividends .......................................................................
RTB Equity fund .............................................................

37
8
28

30
8
29

25
8
30

–1
–8

–2
–3

–2
–3

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

73

67

63

–4
–6
–2

–3
–14
–11

–3
–25
–9

22.00
22.40

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Capital transfer to general fund ...................................

85
–12

79
–12

75
–12

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

73
–73

67
–67

63
–63

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.27
Capital transfer to general fund ..............................
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................

186
–60
–41

196
–64
–53

192
–65
–52

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

85

79

75

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

85

79

75

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.47
Authority to borrow ...............................................
72.90
Fund balance ........................................................

308
33

238
68

171
102

341
73
–108

306
67
–100

273
63
–96

74.47
74.90

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow ...............................................
Fund balance ........................................................

238
68

171
102

103
137

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

306

273

240

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

85
23

79
21

75
21

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

108

100

96

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Loans repaid .....................................................
88.40
Interest from loans ...........................................
88.40
Sales of stock ...................................................

–81
–104
–1

–93
–101
–2

–94
–96
–2

88.90

–186

–196

–192

88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

–21
–1

–33
–42
–3 ...................

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

167
31

151
202

155
159

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

68.90
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4210–0–3–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................

175

175

175

1150

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

175

175

175

1210
1231
1251

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................

85
37
–4

118
223
–3

338
179
–3

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

118

338

514

70.00

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in FY
1992 and beyond (including modifications of direct loans that
resulted from obligations in any year). The amounts in this
account are a means of financing and are not included in
the budget totals.

72.99
73.10
73.20

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4210–0–3–452

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
Receivables, net:
1106
Program Account ........................
1106
Receivables, net .........................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

2

90

..................

..................

3
449

4
581

7
530

7
526

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

–101
–78

–117
–96

–117
–96
1601
1603

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4231–0–3–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

1210
1231
1251

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................

1,459
36
–81

1,414
33
–93

1,354
33
–94

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1,414

1,354

1,293

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for the Rural Telephone Bank, all cash
flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loans
obligated prior to FY 1992. This account is shown on a cash
basis. All new activity in this program in FY 1992 and beyond
(including modifications of direct loans or loan guarantees
that resulted from obligations or commitments in any year)
is recorded in corresponding program and financing accounts.
The Rural Telephone Bank (RTB) provides a supplemental
source of financing for rural telephone borrowers. The Bank
charges an interest rate based on the cost of money to the
Bank, as prescribed by law, but not less than 5 percent per
annum. The composite interest rate on cumulative loans
through September 30, 1995, was 7.14 percent. The longterm interest rate on advances made during 1995 for loans
approved after October 1, 1987, was 6.04 percent.
Equity capital of the Bank consists of class A stock purchased by the United States of $592 million with a 2 percent
dividend and classes B and C stock purchased by bank borrowers, organizations eligible to become borrowers and organizations controlled by borrowers. The Bank has borrowed $759
million from the Treasury. A total of $41,048,350, at interest
rates ranging from 10.625 percent to 11.5 percent was repaid
during the fiscal year. The outstanding balance of
$464,937,505, is at interest rates of 7.25 percent to 10.625
percent. The $592 million purchase of capital stock has been
financed through appropriations.
Administrative support is provided for the general operations of the Bank by RUS employees and the Office of the
General Counsel.
Bank loans totaled $175 million in 1995. After almost 23
years in operation, loans to 627 borrowers have been approved, totaling over $3.178 billion.

1604
1699

Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
Direct loans, gross ..............................
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................
Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

201

1,458

1,414

1,354

1,292

–9

–9

–8

–8

1,449

1,405

1,346

1,284

1,449

1,405

1,346

1,284

1,487

1,468

1,443

1,417

14
506

15
465

16
415

16
365

2
373

2
394

2
418

2
442

895

876

851

825

592

592

592

592

3999

Total net position ................................

592

592

592

592

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

1,487

1,468

1,443

1,417

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4231–0–3–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

33.0
43.0

Investments and loans ..................................................
Interest and dividends ...................................................

28
45

29
38

30
33

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

73

67

63

DISTANCE LEARNING

AND

MEDICAL LINK LOAN PROGRAM ACCOUNT

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1300–2–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct Loans 5% ............................................................ ................... ...................
Direct Loans, Treasury rate ........................................... ................... ...................

1
1

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ................... ...................

2

22.00
23.95

PROGRAM STATISTICS

00.01
00.02

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

2
–2

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ................... ...................

2

[Dollars in millions]

1995 actual

Cumulative net loans ..................................................................
Cumulative loan funds, advanced ..............................................
Unadvanced loan funds, end of year .........................................
Cumulative principal repaid .......................................................
Cumulative interest paid ............................................................
Number of borrowers ...................................................................

1996 est.

3,373
2,469
904
937
1,816
552

3,548
2,725
823
1,033
1,929
552

1997 est.

3,723
2,937
786
1,131
2,047
552

73.10
73.20
74.40

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................

2
–1
1

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4231–0–3–452

1994 actual

1995 actual

1997 est.

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

123
–50

104
–37

101
–30

96
–25

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

73

67

71

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ................... ...................

1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ................... ...................

1

89.00
90.00

1996 est.

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................

2
1

71

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4231–0–3–452

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....

1994 actual

33
5

1995 actual

58
5

1996 est.

92
5

1997 est.

127
6

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated in FY 1992 and beyond.
The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis.

202

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
90.00

Credit accounts—Continued
DISTANCE LEARNING AND MEDICAL LINK LOAN PROGRAM
ACCOUNT—Continued

1995 actual

1996 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct Loans, 5% ........................................................... ................... ...................
1150 Direct Loans, Treasury rate ........................................... ................... ...................
1159

50
75

1.62

125

1
1

1339

Total subsidy budget authority ................................. ................... ...................
2
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays, 5% ...................................................... ................... ...................
1
1340 Subsidy outlays, Treasury .............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Total subsidy outlays ................................................ ................... ...................

125
125

1210
1231
1290

Total direct loan obligations ..................................... ................... ...................

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ................... ................... ...................
38
Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ................... ...................

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

1

MEDICAL LINK LOAN FINANCING ACCOUNT

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4146–2–3–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03

Obligations by program activity:
Direct Loans, 5% ........................................................... ................... ...................
Direct Loans, Treasury ................................................... ................... ...................
Interest on treasury borrowing ...................................... ................... ...................

50
75
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
Receivables, net:
1106
Program account ........................
1106
Receivables, net .........................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

126

1499

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) .................................... ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
67.15 Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
68.90
70.00

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

1
86

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

38
–2

..................

..................

..................

36

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................

..................

..................

..................

123

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

88
35

................... ...................

123

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

..................

..................

..................

123

................... ...................
................... ...................
................... ...................

7
1
–6

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

..................

123

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................ ................... ...................

2

Total new financing authority (gross) ...................... ................... ...................

126

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
74.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
74.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................
73.10
73.20

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

126
–126

38

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in FY
1992 and beyond (including modifications of direct loans that
resulted from obligations in any year). The amounts in this
account are a means of financing and are not included in
the budget totals.

Identification code 12–4146–2–3–452

AND

1997 est.

1150

1997 est.

1329

DISTANCE LEARNING

1996 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ................... ...................

2.50
1.04

1349

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4146–2–3–452

Total direct loan levels ............................................. ................... ...................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Subsidy rate, 5% ........................................................... ................... ...................
1320 Subsidy rate, Treasury ................................................... ................... ...................
Weighted average subsidy rate ................................. ................... ...................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsdiy budget authority, 5% ....................................... ................... ...................
1330 Subsidy budget authority, Treasury ............................... ................... ...................

31

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1300–2–1–452

Financing disbursements ............................................... ................... ...................

RURAL DEVELOPMENT INSURANCE FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2082–0–1–452

................... ...................
................... ...................

126
–38

................... ...................
................... ...................

86
1

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year .................. ................... ...................

87

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ................... ...................

38

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ............................... ................... ...................
88.40
Interest received on loans .................................... ................... ...................

–5
–2

88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) .................. ................... ...................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............ ................... ...................

–7
–1

89.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ...................

118

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ...................
8
8
Receipts:
02.01 Rural development insurance fund, downward
reestimates of subsidies ...........................................
8 ................... ...................
01.99

04.00
07.99

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

8
8

8
8

8
8

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2082–0–1–452

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05
00.07

Obligations by program activity:
Direct Loan Subsidy .......................................................
Guaranteed Loan Subsidy ..............................................
Reestimates of direct loan subsidy ...............................
Interest on direct loan subsidy .....................................
Reestimates of guaranteed loan subsidy ......................
Administrative expenses ................................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1995 actual

148
7
20
3
1
57

1996 est.

1997 est.

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

236 ................... ...................

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

238 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

236 ................... ...................
–236 ................... ...................

203

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Community facility loans ...............................................
2150 Business and industry loans .........................................

51 ................... ...................
424 ................... ...................

2159

475 ................... ...................

238 ................... ...................

1.37 ................... ...................

214 ................... ...................

70.00

4.94 ................... ...................
0.94 ................... ...................

2329

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
60.05
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................

Total loan guarantee levels ......................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
2320 Community facility loans ...............................................
2320 Business and industry loans .........................................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

24 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
233
295 ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
236 ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–168 ................... ...................
73.30 Obligated balance transferred, net ............................... ...................
–295 ...................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
–6 ................... ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
295 ................... ...................
72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

74 ................... ...................
70 ................... ...................
24 ................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

168 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

238 ................... ...................
168 ................... ...................

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Community facility loans ...............................................
2330 Business and industry loans .........................................
2339

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Community facility loans ...............................................
2340 Business and industry loans .........................................

7 ................... ...................

2349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

6 ................... ...................

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays from new authority ...........................................

57 ................... ...................
57 ................... ...................

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2082–0–1–452

25.3

1159

1995 actual

1996 est.

828 ................... ...................
176 ................... ...................

1329

14.73 ................... ...................

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................
1349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

1997 est.

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

236 ................... ...................

RURAL DEVELOPMENT INSURANCE FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4217–0–3–452

15.28 ................... ...................
12.14 ................... ...................

127 ................... ...................
21 ................... ...................
148 ................... ...................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
00.03

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans ....................................................................
Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................

1,004 ................... ...................
94 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1,098 ................... ...................

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) ....................................
New obligations .............................................................

1,098 ................... ...................
–1,098 ................... ...................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
839 ................... ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
197 ................... ...................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
62
–295 ...................
68.15
Adjustment to orders on hand from Federal sources ...................
295 ...................
67.15

70.00

1,004 ................... ...................

1339

1996 est.

57 ................... ...................
179 ................... ...................

1997 est.

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Water and waste disposal loans ...................................
1320 Community facility loans ...............................................
Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Water and waste disposal loans ...................................
1330 Community facility loans ...............................................

1995 actual

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

68.90
Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Water and waste disposal loans ...................................
1150 Community facility loans ...............................................

3 ................... ...................
3 ................... ...................

41.0

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees
committed in FY 1992 and beyond, as well as administrative
expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated
on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are
estimated on a cash basis.
In 1994, this program account was administered by the
Rural Development Administration. Under reorganization of
the Department of Agriculture, the water and waste direct
and guaranteed loan programs are administered through the
Rural Utilities Service’s Rural Water and Waste Disposal
Loans Program Account; the community facility direct and
guaranteed loan programs are administered through the
Rural Housing Service’s Rural Community Facility Loans Program Account; and the business and industry direct and guaranteed loan programs are administered through the Rural
Business-Cooperative Service’s Rural Business and Industry
Loans Program Account.

Identification code 12–2082–0–1–452

3 ................... ...................
4 ................... ...................

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

259 ................... ...................

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

1,098 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................
72.99
73.10
73.20
73.30
73.40
74.90
74.95

1,409
233

1,703 ...................
295 ...................

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
1,642
1,998 ...................
New obligations .............................................................
1,098 ................... ...................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
–705 ................... ...................
Obligated balance transferred, net ............................... ...................
–1,998 ...................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
–37 ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
1,703 ................... ...................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................
295 ................... ...................

69 ................... ...................
12 ................... ...................

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

1,998 ................... ...................

81 ................... ...................

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

705 ................... ...................

204

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
1499

Credit accounts—Continued
RURAL DEVELOPMENT INSURANCE FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4217–0–3–452

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Federal sources ................................................
88.00
Federal sources ................................................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayment of principal ....................................
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................
88.40
Miscellaneous non-Federal offsetting collections .............................................................
88.90
88.95
88.96

1996 est.

1997 est.

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

557

1,087

..................

..................

2,439

3,396

..................

..................

..................
2,206

1,998
1,103

..................
..................

..................
..................

2,206

3,101

..................

..................

233

295

..................

..................

3999
–81 ................... ...................
–23 ................... ...................
–39 ................... ...................

Total net position ................................

233

295

..................

..................

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

2,439

3,396

..................

..................

–15 ................... ...................
–36 ................... ...................

RURAL DEVELOPMENT INSURANCE FUND LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT

–3 ................... ...................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

839 ................... ...................
506 ................... ...................

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4217–0–3–452

1999

2999

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
–197 ................... ...................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............
–62
295 ...................
Adjustment to orders on hand from Federal sources ...................
–295 ...................

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority ........................................................
90.00 Financing disbursements ...............................................

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1996 est.

1997 est.

Identification code 12–4155–0–3–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Operating expenses:
00.02
Purchase of loans from investors .............................
2
2 ...................
00.03
Redemption of public CBO debt ...............................
6 ................... ...................
00.04
Purchase of guaranteed loans from investors .........
3
3
2
00.05
Interest on guaranteed loans purchased from investors ................................................................... ...................
1
1
00.06
Disbursement of loan repayments to investors ........
1 ................... ...................

1,131 ................... ...................
–127 ................... ...................

1150

12

6

3

01.01
01.02
01.05
01.06

Total operating expenses ......................................
Capital investment:
Interest on FFB borrowings .......................................
Interest on certificates of beneficial ownership .......
Interest on Treasury borrowings ................................
Loss settlement expense on guaranteed loans ........

515
1
146
5

515
1
140
29

515
1
138
25

01.91

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................
1112 Unobligated direct loan limitation ................................

00.91

Total capital investment .......................................

667

685

679

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

679

691

682

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
789
Redemption of debt ....................................................... ...................
Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn ....................
–110

698
–3
–3

774
–1
–92

679
–679

692
–691

681
–682

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (indefinite) ...............................................
325
Portion applied to debt reduction ................................. ...................

550
–325

350
–30

1,004 ................... ...................

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
625
1,218 ...................
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
608 ................... ...................
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
–15 ................... ...................
1264 Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net ............. ...................
–1,218 ...................
1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1,218 ................... ...................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in FY
1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals.
This account finances direct loans for water systems, waste
disposal facilities, community facilities, and businesses and
industries in rural areas. Communities unable to afford low
interest loans for water and waste disposal facilities are also
able to obtain RUS grants.
In FY 1996, these loans were transferred to the Rural
Water and Waste Disposal Direct Loans Financing Account
in the Rural Utilities Service; the Rural Community Facility
Direct Loans Financing Account in the Rural Housing Service;
and the Rural Business and Industry Direct Loans Financing
Account in the Rural Business-Cooperative Service.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4217–0–3–452

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1402
Interest receivable ..............................
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

1994 actual

1995 actual

1,640
233
8

625
14
–82

1996 est.

..................

..................

295
16

..................
..................

..................
..................

23.90
23.95

60.05
60.47

1,218
36
–167

..................
..................
..................

..................
..................
..................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

63.00
68.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..............................................

325

225

320

464

473

455

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

789

698

774

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.47
Authority to borrow ...............................................
72.90
Fund balance ........................................................

146
247

31
297

7
278

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40

74.47
74.90

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow ...............................................
Fund balance ........................................................

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

1997 est.

1,998

22.00
22.60
22.70

86.97
86.98
87.00

393
328
285
679
691
682
–739
–734
–707
–5 ................... ...................

31
297

7
278

100
160

328

285

260

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
739
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

739

698
707
36 ...................
734

707

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayments on loans held by fund .................
88.40
Repayments of guaranteed loans purchased
from investors ..............................................
88.40
Loan repayments received on behalf of investors ...............................................................
88.40
Interest revenue ................................................
88.40
Undistributed collections ..................................

–1 ................... ...................
–258
–268
–258
–3 ................... ...................

88.90

–464

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
1994 actual

1995 actual

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

276
–673

253
–675

273
–693

260
–684

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–397

–422

–420

–424

Identification code 12–4155–0–3–452

–192

–188

–181

0101
0102

–10

–17

–16

0109

–473

–455

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4155–0–3–452

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

205

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
Non-Federal assets:
1201
Investments in non-Federal securities,
net ..................................................
1206
Receivables, net ..................................
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
1604
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

246

297

260

327

34
71

34
65

34
169

34
161

4,598

4,471

4,312

4,154

–41

–1,694

–1,634

–1,574

4,557

2,777

2,678

2,580

4,557
93

2,777
171

2,678
155

2,580
142

5,001

3,344

3,296

3,244

–2
5,156
41
26

–1
5,156
66
24

–1
4,831
56
18

–1
4,801
46
18

133
143
13

132
146
7

124
140
3

125
138
3

5,510

5,530

5,171

5,130

–509

–2,186

–1,875

–1,886

1101

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

325
275

225
261

319
252

The Rural Development Insurance Fund (RDIF) was established on October 1, 1972, pursuant to section 116 of the
Rural Development Act of 1972 (Public Law 92–419).
The fund is used to insure or guarantee loans for water
systems and waste disposal facilities, community facilities,
and industrial development in rural areas. Communities unable to afford low interest loans for water and waste disposal
facilities are also able to obtain water and waste water disposal grants.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, all cash flows to and
from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated
and loan guarantees committed prior to FY 1992. All new
activity in this program is recorded in corresponding program
accounts and financing accounts.
In FY 1994, these loan programs were administered by
the Rural Development Administration. Under reorganization
of the Department of Agriculture, the water and waste direct
and guaranteed loan programs are administered by the Rural
Utilities Service, the community facility direct and guaranteed
loan programs are adminsitered by the Rural Housing Service, and the business and industry direct and guaranteed
loan programs are administered by the Rural Business-Cooperative Service.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements:
1231
Direct loan disbursements ........................................
1232
Purchase of loans assets from the public ...............
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
1261 Adjustments: Capitalized interest .................................
1263 Write-offs for default: Direct loans ...............................
1210

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1995 actual

1901

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................
Other Federal assets: Other assets ........

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2104
Resources payable to Treasury ...........
2105
Other ...................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Public ..................................................
2202
Interest payable ..................................
2203
Debt .....................................................
2999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

1996 est.

4,598

4,471

1997 est.

3999

Total net position ................................

–509

–2,186

–1,875

–1,886

4999

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4155–0–3–452

1699

Total liabilities and net position ............

5,001

3,344

3,296

3,244

Note.—This statement excludes unfunded contingent liabilities under the program in principal amounts; 1994,
$579 million; 1995, $495 million; 1996, $423 million; and 1997, $350 million.

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

4,312

Identification code 12–4155–0–3–452

63
27
24
2
2 ...................
–192
–188
–181
1 ................... ...................
–1 ...................
–1

25.2
33.0
43.0
44.0

Other services ................................................................
Investments and loans ..................................................
Interest and dividends ...................................................
Refunds ..........................................................................

4,471

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

4,312

4,154

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

11
28
25
5
5
2
662
658
655
1 ................... ...................
679

691

682

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
RURAL COMMUNICATION DEVELOPMENT FUND LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT
Identification code 12–4155–0–3–452

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
2210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
2231 Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
2251 Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments:
2263
Terminations for default that result in claim payments ....................................................................
2264
Other adjustments, net .............................................
2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

Memorandum:
2299 Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
704
7
–95

602
508
19 ...................
–84
–71

Identification code 12–4142–0–3–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Interest expense .............................................................

3

3

3

Total obligations (object class 43.0) ........................

3

3

3

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

3
1

1
3

1
3

4
–3

4
–3

4
–3

–21
7

–27
–23
–2 ...................

10.00

602

508

21.40

491

420

414

347

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

206

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

RURAL COMMUNICATION DEVELOPMENT FUND LIQUIDATING
ACCOUNT—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4142–0–3–452

24.40

60.05
68.00
70.00

Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1996 est.

1

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

1997 est.

1

2

1

1

3

1

1

2

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (indefinite) ............................................... ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..............................................
1

1994 actual

Identification code 12–4142–0–3–452

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
1604
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................

3

1699

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................

1999

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.47 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow ....................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.47 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow ....................................................

86.97
86.98
87.00

1
3
–3

1
3
–3

1
3
–3

1

1

1

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
1
3
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ................... ...................

2
1

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

3

3

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

–1

–1

2
1

2
1

2
2

2999

89.00
90.00

1997 est.

4

2

2

2

11

10

10

9

–4

–3

–3

–3

7

7

7

6

7

7

7

6

11

9

9

8

1
25

1
25

1
25

1
25

1

1

1

1

27

27

27

27

9
–25

9
–27

11
–29

13
–32

3999

Total net position ................................

–16

–18

–18

–19

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

11

9

9

8

Trust Funds
RURAL TELEPHONE BANK EQUITY FUND
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

1995 actual

1996 est.

Identification code 12–8139–0–7–452

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year ....................................................
Receipts:
02.01 Rural Telephone Bank Trust Fund .................................
02.02 Interest on investments .................................................

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4142–0–3–452

1996 est.

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2204 Non-Federal liabilities: Liabilities for
loan guarantees ..................................

1995 actual

1997 est.

1210
1251

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................

11
–1

10
–1

9
–1

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

10

9

8

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

263

301

383

28
10

80
20

80
30

38

100

110

Total: Balances and collections ....................................
301
Appropriation:
05.01 Rural Telephone Bank Equity Fund ............................... ...................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................
301

401

493

–18
383

–18
475

02.99

Total receipts .............................................................

04.00

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4142–0–3–452

1996 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

1997 est.

Identification code 12–8139–0–7–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

2210

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................

5

5

5

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

5

5

5

23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

5

60.27
60.47

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................ ...................
Portion applied to debt reduction ................................. ...................

5

5

18
–18

18
–18

63.00

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4142–0–3–452

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

1
–2

1
–3

1
–3

1
–3

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–1

–2

–2

–2

Appropriation (total) .................................................. ................... ................... ...................

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

The Rural Communication Development Fund was established pursuant to the Secretary’s Memorandum No. 1988,
approved May 22, 1979. No loans have been made through
this account since before 1992.

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

The Rural Telephone Bank Equity Fund was established
in 1993. Class B Stock equity funds transferred to this account include: (1) five percent of each loan repayment received
in the financing account and (2) current class B Stock purchases in the liquidating account. Redemption of Class A

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Stock will occur in 1997 at a rate determined by the RTB
Board, as allowed by law, to achieve the privatization of the
Rural Telephone Bank in FY 1998.

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

AND

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

EXPENSES

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1952–0–1–452

11.1
11.3
11.5

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE

207

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ............................................. ...................
26
Other than full-time permanent ........................... ...................
2
Other personnel compensation ............................. ................... ...................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Operation and maintenance of equipment ...............
Equipment .................................................................

49
2
1

...................
...................
...................
...................

28
7
1
2

52
13
2
3

...................
...................

2
2

4
5

...................
2
...................
1
................... ...................

3
3
2

For necessary expenses of the Rural Housing øand Community
Development¿ Service, including administering the programs authorized by the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as
amended, title V of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended, and cooperative agreements, ø$46,583,000¿ $89,660,000: Provided, That this appropriation shall be available for employment pursuant to the second
sentence of 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944, and not to exceed
ø$500,000¿ 520,000 may be used for employment under 5 U.S.C.
3109. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

45
381
3

87
365
4

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

429

456

Identification code 12–1952–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

25.2
25.3
25.7
31.0

1997 est.

Personnel Summary
Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct program ............................................................... ...................
01.01 Reimbursable program .................................................. ...................

47
382

90
366

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

429

456

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
23.95 New obligations ............................................................. ...................

429
–429

456
–456

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

47

366

70.00

429

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1996 est.

1997 est.

.............................. ...................
and holiday hours ...................

762
2

734
2

.............................. ...................
and holiday hours ...................

6,252
18

6,017
17

90

382

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1952–0–1–452

456

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2001–0–1–452

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances ................................
87.00

................... ...................
...................
429
...................
–371
...................

57

................... ...................
................... ...................
...................
371
................... ...................

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

371

57
456
–430

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct Program ...............................................................
Reimbursable Program ..................................................

27 ................... ...................
634 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

661 ................... ...................

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

672 ................... ...................
–11 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

661 ................... ...................
–661 ................... ...................

83

31
34
355
11
430

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................

–382

–366

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

47
–11

90
64

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

634 ................... ...................

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

672 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................

112
113 ...................
661 ................... ...................
–652
–33 ...................
–7
–80 ...................

38 ................... ...................

72.90

The Secretary’s reorganization plan established the Rural
Housing Service (RHS). This agency was formed from the
Rural Housing section of Farmers Home Administration and
the Community Facilities Division of the Rural Development
Administration. RHS delivers rural housing and community
facility programs through a system of State, area, and local
offices. In FY 1997, a new Dedicated Loan Origination and
Servicing System (DLOS) will be implemented to centralize
and streamline the servicing activities of the agency. This
innovation will significantly reduce the cost of operating the
individual housing loan programs.

86.90
86.97
86.98
87.00

113 ................... ...................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
18 ................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
634 ................... ...................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................
33 ...................
Total outlays (gross) .................................................

652

33 ...................

208

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

further, That agreements entered into or renewed during fiscal year
ø1996¿ 1997 shall be funded for a five-year period, although the
life of any such agreement may be extended to fully utilize amounts
obligated. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

EXPENSES—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2001–0–1–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

Identification code 12–0137–0–1–604

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

–634 ................... ...................
10.00

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.2
23.3

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
15 ................... ...................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
1 ................... ...................
Other personnel compensation ............................. ................... ................... ...................

31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ................................................................
Equipment .................................................................

99.0
99.0
99.5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

26 ................... ...................
633 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

661 ................... ...................

25.2
25.3

541

541

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

523
–523

541
–541

541
–541

40.00
40.05
40.47
42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
523
541
Appropriation (indefinite) ...............................................
224
189
Portion applied to debt reduction .................................
–224
–189
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ................... ...................

494
146
–146
47

16
3
1
1
1

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

523

541

541

70.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
11.3
11.5

523

38 ................... ...................
18
33 ...................

These funds were used to administer the direct loan, loan
guarantee, and grant programs of the Farmers Home Administration and the Rural Development Administration.
In 1995, under the reorganization by the Secretary of Agriculture the Agency has been eliminated and activities previously administered through this account transferred to other
Department accounts.

Identification code 12–2001–0–1–452

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

22.00
23.95

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

523

541

541

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.40
Appropriation .........................................................
72.47
Authority to borrow ...............................................

997
1,392

1,306
1,169

1,556
980

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40

2,389
2,475
2,536
523
541
541
–436
–481
–531
–1 ................... ...................

74.40
74.47

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance:
Appropriation .........................................................
Authority to borrow ...............................................

1,306
1,169

1,556
980

1,712
835

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

2,475

2,536

2,547

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

18
418

15
466

15
516

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

436

481

531

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

523
436

541
481

541
531

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2001–0–1–452

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1996 est.

1997 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

636 ................... ...................
2 ................... ...................

..............................
and holiday hours

10,603 ................... ...................
39 ................... ...................

RENTAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
For rental assistance agreements entered into or renewed pursuant
to the authority under section 521(a)(2) or agreements entered into
in lieu of debt forgiveness or payments for eligible households as
authorized by section 502(c)(5)(D) of the Housing Act of 1949, as
amended, ø$540,900,000¿ $493,870,000; and in addition such sums
as may be necessary, as authorized by section 521(c) of the Act,
to liquidate debt incurred prior to fiscal year 1992 to carry out the
rental assistance program under section 521(a)(2) of the Act: Provided, That of this amount not more than $5,900,000 shall be available for debt forgiveness or payments for eligible households as authorized by section 502(c)(5)(D) of the Act, and not to exceed $10,000
per project for advances to nonprofit organizations or public agencies
to cover direct costs (other than purchase price) incurred in purchasing projects pursuant to section 502(c)(5)(C) of the Act: Provided

The rental assistance program is authorized under section
521(a)(2) of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended, and is
designed to reduce rents paid by very low-income and lowincome families living in RHS-financed rural rental and farm
labor housing projects. Funding under this account is provided
for renewals of existing rental assistance contracts, assistance
for newly constructed units financed by the section 515 rural
rental and cooperative housing program or the 514/516 farm
labor housing loan and grant programs, and for additional
servicing assistance for existing projects. Assistance is also
provided in lieu of debt forgiveness or payments for eligible
households to subsidize tenant rents in projects purchased
by eligible nonprofit organizations or public agencies as authorized by section 502(c)(5)(D) of the Act.
From FY 1978 through FY 1991, the rental assistance program was funded under the Rural Housing Insurance Fund.
Beginning in FY 1992, pursuant to Credit Reform, a separate
grant account was established for this program.
In FY 1997, funding for the Rental Assistance Program
for new construction is requested to be appropriated to the
Rural Performance Partnership Program and transferred to
this account for administration. Funding for salaries and expenses associated with the new construction portion of this
program is requested to be appropriated to the Rural Housing
Service salaries and expenses account.

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

2,844
$523

1996 est.

1997 est.

2,743
$541

2,722
$541

RURAL HOUSING VOUCHER PROGRAM
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2002–0–1–604

1996 est.

1997 est.

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

70.00

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

5
–1
3

2

MUTUAL

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

2

1

1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

2

1

1

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
2
1
1

Prior year outlays reflect funding for rental assistance for
newly constructed units provided in limited amounts in FY
1984 and FY 1985. From FY 1986 through FY 1991 rental
assistance for newly constructed units, as well as existing
rental assistance contract renewals and additional servicing
assistance for existing projects, had been funded under the
Rural Housing Insurance Fund. Beginning in FY 1992, pursuant to Credit Reform, a separate grant account was established for the Rental Assistance Program.
RURAL HOUSING

FOR

1995 actual

1996 est.

13
$11

11
$10

1997 est.

11
$10

3
–1

5

10
19

GRANT OBLIGATIONS
Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

6
–2

10
26

This grant program is authorized under section 516 of the
Housing Act of 1949, as amended. Grants are made to public
and private nonprofit organizations for low-rent housing and
related facilities for domestic farm labor. Grant assistance
may not exceed 90 percent of the cost of a project, and may
be used for construction of new structures, site acquisition
and development, rehabilitation of existing structures, and
purchase of furnishings and equipment for dwellings, dining
halls, community rooms, and infirmaries.

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Total new budget authority (gross) ............................... ................... ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

11
11

209

AND

SELF-HELP HOUSING GRANTS

For grants and contracts pursuant to section 523(b)(1)(A) of the
Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1490c), ø$12,650,000¿ $26,000,000,
to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b). (Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2006–0–1–604

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

15

1996 est.

13

1997 est.

26

21.40

2 ................... ...................
13
13
26

For financial assistance to eligible nonprofit organizations for housing for domestic farm labor, pursuant to section 516 of the Housing
Act of 1949, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1486), $10,000,000, to remain
available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

15
–15

13
–13

26
–26

40.00

DOMESTIC FARM LABOR

23.90
23.95

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

13

13

26

19
15
–15

18
13
–13

18
26
–15

18

18

29

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
72.40

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

86.90
86.93

1995 actual

11

1996 est.

10

2
11

5
10

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

15

13

15

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

13
15

13
13

26
15

10

11
–11

10
–10

10
–10

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

11

10

10

51
11
–11

51
10
–26

35
10
–19

51

35

25

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

3
12

1997 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

40.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

87.00

Identification code 12–2004–0–1–604

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1
10

2
24

2
17

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

11

26

19

This program is authorized under section 523 of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended. Grants and contracts are made
for the purpose of providing technical and supervisory assistance to groups of families to enable them to build their own
homes through the mutual exchange of labor. The increase
in FY 1997 funding will allow for funding for grantees whose
contracts expire in FY 1996 as well as those that will expire
in FY 1997.
GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

71
$14

1996 est.

62
$13

1997 est.

121
$26

210

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

AND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

10.00

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................ ...................

1997 est.

70.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
6
5 ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
–5 ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
5 ................... ...................

25
–25

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

40

25

25

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

40

25

25

72.40

1
4
1
28
25
25
–25
–27
–25
–1 ................... ...................
4

1

1

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
2
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–1
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
1

1
3
5 ...................
–3
–3

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

24
1

24
3

24
1

87.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Total new budget authority (gross) ............................... ................... ................... ...................

72.40

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

25

27

25

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

40
25

25
27

25
25

3 ...................

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1

3

3

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1

3

3

89.00
90.00

25
–25

5 ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
6
5 ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
23.90
23.95
24.40

28
–28

22.00
22.10

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS

Identification code 12–2009–0–1–604

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

40.00

SUPERVISORY

1 ................... ...................
–13 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

General and special funds—Continued

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
1
3
3

This program is authorized under section 504 of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended. This grant program enables
very low-income elderly residents in rural areas to improve
or modernize their dwellings, to make the dwelling safer or
more sanitary, or to remove health and safety hazards. A
summary of the activity for very low-income housing repair
grants is as follows:
GRANT OBLIGATIONS

This program is carried out under the provisions of sections
509(f) and 525 of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended. Under
section 509, grants are made to public and private nonprofit
organizations for packaging loan applications for housing
under sections 502, 504, 514/516, 515, and 533 of the Housing
Act of 1949, as amended. The assistance is to be directed
to underserved areas where at least 20 percent or more of
the population is at or below the poverty level, and at least
10 percent or more of the population resides in substandard
housing. Under section 525, grants are made to public and
private nonprofit organizations and other associations for the
developing, conducting, administering or coordinating of technical and supervisory assistance programs to demonstrate the
benefits of Federal, State, and local housing programs for
low-income families in rural areas. No funding is requested
in FY 1997.
A summary of the activity for this grant program follows:
1995 act.

351
$484

1996 est.

1,280
$5,190

0
0

For grants to the very low-income elderly for essential repairs
to dwellings pursuant to section 504 of the Housing Act of 1949,
as amended, $24,900,000, to remain available until expended. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

1996 est.

1997 est.

6,520
4,860
$25

6,340
4,640
$25

øRURAL COMMUNITY FIRE PROTECTION GRANTS¿
øFor grants pursuant to section 7 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95–313), $2,000,000 to fund up
to 50 percent of the cost of organizing, training, and equipping rural
volunteer fire departments.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2067–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1995 actual

28

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

3

2

2

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

3
–3

2
–2

2
–2

40.00
42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
3
2 ...................
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ................... ...................
2

1997 est.

VERY LOW-INCOME HOUSING REPAIR GRANTS

Identification code 12–2064–0–1–604

6,964
5,310
$28

10.00

GRANT OBLIGATIONS
Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in thousands of dollars) ..............................

1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Number of units ..........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

3

2

2

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

3

2

2

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

2
3
–3

3
2
–3

2
2
–2

3

2

1

72.40

1996 est.

25

1997 est.

25

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

1
2

1
2

1
1

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

3

2

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
3

2
3

2
2

GRANT OBLIGATIONS

This assistance was authorized by section 7 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2106). Grants
are made to public bodies to organize, train, and equip local
firefighting forces, including those of Indian tribes or other
Native American groups, to prevent, control, and suppress
fires threatening human lives, crops, livestock, farmsteads
or other improvements, pastures, orchards, wildlife, rangeland, woodland, and other resources in rural areas.
In FY 1997, funding for the Rural Community Fire Protection grant program is requested to be appropriated to the
Rural Performance Partnership Program and transferred to
this account for administration.

1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Number of units ..........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

øCOMPENSATION

1995 actual

1996 est.

100
2,363
$11

1997 est.

90
2,301
$11

CONSTRUCTION DEFECTS¿

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2071–0–1–371

1996 est.

1997 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
1
2
2
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

1997 est.

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
1
2
2
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
2
2
1

1,803
$2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1996 est.

70.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Total new budget authority (gross) ............................... ................... ................... ...................

73.10
73.20

1,822
$2

RURAL HOUSING PRESERVATION GRANTS

1995 actual

1996 est.

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ...................
–1

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

3,085
$3

For grants for rural housing preservation as authorized by section
552 of the Housing and Urban-Rural Recovery Act of 1983 (Public
Law 98–181), $11,000,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

Identification code 12–2070–0–1–604

FOR

207
4,868
$22

øFor compensation for construction defects as authorized by section
509(c) of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended, $495,000, to remain
available until expended.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

GRANT OBLIGATIONS
Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

211

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ...................
1

1

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

22

11

11

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

22
–22

11
–11

11
–11

40.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................

22

11

11

33
22
–20

34
11
–23

22
11
–16

34

22

This program is carried out under the provisions of section
509(c) of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended. The Secretary
of Agriculture is authorized to make expenditures to correct
structural defects, or to pay claims of owners arising from
such defects on newly constructed dwellings purchased with
RHS financial assistance. Requests for compensation for construction defects must be made within 18 months after the
date financial assistance was granted.
A summary of the activity for compensation for construction
defects is as follows:

17

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

GRANT OBLIGATIONS

72.40

54
$246

1996 est.

105
$495

1997 est.

100
$495

Credit accounts:

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ......................................

20

23

16

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

20

23

16

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

1995 actual

Number of payments ...................................................................
Amount of payments (in thousands of dollars) .........................

22
20

11
23

11
16

This grant program is authorized under section 533 of the
Housing Act of 1949, as amended. Grants are made to eligible
private nonprofit groups, Indian tribes, or government agencies for rehabilitation of single family housing owned by lowand very low-income families and the rehabilitation of rental
and cooperative housing for low- and very low-income families.
A summary of the activity for housing preservation grants
is as follows:

øCOMMUNITY FACILITY LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT¿
ø(INCLUDING

TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)¿

øFor the cost of direct loans, $34,880,000, and for the cost of guaranteed loans, $3,555,000, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1928 and 86
Stat. 661–664, as amended: Provided, That such costs, including the
cost of modifying such loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of
the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That such
sums shall remain available until expended for the disbursement
of loans obligated in fiscal year 1996: Provided further, That these
funds are available to subsidize gross obligations for the principal
amount of direct loans not to exceed $200,000,000 and total loan
principal, any part of which is to be guaranteed, not to exceed
$75,000,000: Provided further, That of the amounts available for the
cost of direct loans not to exceed $1,208,000, to subsidize gross obligations for the principal amount not to exceed $6,930,000, shall be
available for empowerment zones and enterprise communities, as authorized by Public Law 103–66: Provided further, That if such funds

212

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
øCOMMUNITY FACILITY LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT¿—Continued
ø(INCLUDING

TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)¿—Continued

are not obligated for empowerment zones and enterprise communities
by June 30, 1996, they remain available for other authorized purposes
under this head.¿
øIn addition, for administrative expenses to carry out the direct
and guaranteed loan programs, $8,836,000, of which $8,731,000 shall
be transferred to and merged with the appropriation for ‘‘Salaries
and Expenses’’.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug
Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1951–0–1–452

1995 actual

00.01
00.02
00.09

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................ ...................
Guaranteed loan subsidy ............................................... ...................
Administrative expenses ................................................ ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

35
15
3 ...................
9 ...................
47

This account provides funding to local governments and
nonprofit organizations for the construction and improvement
of community facilities providing essential services in rural
areas, such as hospitals and fire stations.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees
committed in FY 1992 and beyond, as well as administrative
expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated
on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are
estimated on a cash basis.
In FY 1997, funding for the Direct and Guaranteed Community Facility loan programs is requested to be appropriated
to the Rural Performance Partnership Program and transferred to this account for administration. Funding for salaries
and expenses associated with this program is requested to
be appropriated to the Rural Housing Service salaries and
expenses account.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

15

Identification code 12–1951–0–1–452

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
23.95 New obligations ............................................................. ...................

1995 actual

41.0
40.00
42.00

47
–47

15
–15

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ...................
47 ...................
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ................... ...................
15

43.00

Appropriation (total) .................................................. ...................

47

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

47

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts .................................................................... ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................ ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

1996 est.

1997 est.

9 ...................
38
15
47

15

15

70.00

25.3

15

RURAL COMMUNITY FACILITY DIRECT LOANS FINANCING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.30 Obligated balance transferred, net ...............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

Identification code 12–4225–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

................... ...................
49
...................
47
15
...................
–30
–22
...................
32 ...................

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Direct Loans ................................................................... ...................
Interest on Treasury Borrowing ...................................... ...................

208
22

200
32

...................

49

42

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

230

232

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

16
14

2
20

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) .................................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

230
–230

232
–232

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

30

22

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) ..................................... ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources ...................

140

179

40
50

60
–7

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................ ...................

90

53

Total new financing authority (gross) ...................... ...................

230

232

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance ............................. ................... ...................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ...................... ................... ...................

290
50

67.15

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

47
30

15
22

68.90

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1951–0–1–452

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ...........................................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................
Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Loan guarantee levels ...................................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
2320 Guaranteed subsidy rate ...............................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................

3510
3590

1995 actual

1996 est.

70.00

1997 est.

...................

208

200

...................

16.80

7.44

...................

35

15

...................

18

22

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.30
74.90
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Obligated balance transferred, net ...............................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

................... ...................
340
...................
230
232
...................
–157
–192
...................
266 ...................

75

100

...................

4.76

290
50

337
43

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year .................. ...................

340

380

87.00

...................

...................
...................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ...................

157

192

–18

–22

–7

–12

0.41

...................

3 ...................

...................

3 ...................

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

9 ...................
9 ...................

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources ..................................................... ...................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayment of principal .................................... ...................

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

213

88.40

Interest received on loans ................................ ...................

–15

–26

22.20

Unobligated balance transferred ................................... ...................

88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) .................. ...................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............ ...................

–40
–50

–60
7

23.90
23.95
24.90

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ...................
Financing disbursements ............................................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation ...................
8
10
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ...................................................................... ...................
8
10

140
117

179
132
68.00

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in FY
1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals. Loans
made prior to FY 1992 are recorded in the Rural Development
Insurance Fund Liquidating Account.
This account provides funding to non-profit organizations
and local governments for the construction and improvement
of community facilities providing essential services in rural
areas, such as hospitals, telecommunications applications,
child care centers and fire stations.

4 ...................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

4

2

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ................... ................... ...................

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources ..................................................... ...................
88.40
Non-Federal sources ............................................. ...................

–3 ...................
–1
–2

88.90

–4

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4225–0–1–452

1996 est.

Total, offsetting collections (cash) .................. ...................

–2

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ...................

208

200

1150

208

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Financing disbursements ............................................... ...................
–4
–2

200

Total direct loan obligations ..................................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
1264 Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net .............
1290

................... ...................
366
...................
134
161
...................
–7
–12
...................
239 ...................

Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ...................

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1402
Interest receivable ..............................
1499

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1994 actual

1995 actual

515

1996 est.

75

100

75
60

100
80

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................ ...................
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loan commitments ...................
Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments: Other adjustments, net ...........................

..................

..................

290

337

2210
2231
2251
2264

..................

..................

50

43

2290

Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ...................

91

131

..................
..................

..................
..................

366
15

515
26

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................ ...................

73

104

..................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from guaranteed loans committed
in FY 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are
a means of financing and are not included in the budget
totals. Loans made prior to FY 1992 are recorded in the
Rural Development Insurance Fund Liquidating Account.
This account finances loan guarantee commitments for essential community facilities in rural areas.

..................

381

541

..................

..................

721

921

..................
..................

..................
..................

340
331

380
498

2999

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

..................

..................

671

878

..................

..................

50

43

3999

Total net position ................................

..................

..................

50

43

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

721

921

1994 actual

1995 actual

..................

..................

8

10

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2104 Federal liabilities: Resources payable to
Treasury ...............................................

..................

..................

8

10

..................

..................

8

10

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

..................

..................

8

10

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

8

10

RURAL COMMUNITY FACILITY GUARANTEED LOANS FINANCING
ACCOUNT

1101

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

1999

1995 actual

1996 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.90 Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ...................................................................... ................... ...................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) .................................... ...................
4

................... ...................
91
...................
40
45
...................
–3
–5
...................
54 ...................

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4228–0–1–452

Identification code 12–4228–0–1–452

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders .............................................................................. ...................

1997 est.

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................

1999

1996 est.

2150
2199

366

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4225–0–1–452

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4228–0–1–452

1997 est.

8
2

1996 est.

1997 est.

214

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

Credit accounts—Continued
RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For gross obligations for the principal amount of direct and guaranteed loans as authorized by title V of the Housing Act of 1949,
as amended, to be available from funds in the rural housing insurance fund, as follows: ø$2,700,000,000¿ $3,620,000,000 for loans to
section 502 borrowers, as determined by the Secretary, of which
ø$1,700,000,000¿ $2,300,000,000 shall be for unsubsidized guaranteed
loans; $35,000,000 for section 504 housing repair loans; ø$15,000,000¿
$16,482,000 for section 514 farm labor housing; ø$150,000,000¿
$58,654,000 for section 515 rental housing; $600,000 for section 524
site loansø: Provided, That notwithstanding section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949, the Secretary of Agriculture may make loans under
section 502 of such Act for properties in the Pine View West Subdivision, located in Gibsonville, North Carolina, in the same manner
as provided under such section for properties in rural areas¿;
$75,000,000 for credit sales of acquired property; and $600,000 for
section 523 self-help housing land development loans.
For the cost of direct and guaranteed loans, including the cost
of modifying loans, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional
Budget Act of 1974, as follows: section 502 loans, ø$148,723,000¿
$115,770,000, of which ø$2,890,000¿ not less than $6,210,000 shall
be for unsubsidized guaranteed loans; section 504 housing repair
loans, ø$14,193,000¿ $11,081,000; section 514 farm labor housing,
ø$8,629,000¿ $7,565,000; section 515 rental housing, ø$82,035,000:
Provided, That no funds for new construction may be available for
fiscal year 1996 until the program is authorized¿ $28,987,000; credit
sales of acquired property, $6,098,000; and section 523 self-help housing land development loans, $17,220.
øIn addition, for the cost (as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974) of guaranteed loans under a demonstration
program of loan guarantees for multifamily rental housing in rural
areas, $1,000,000, to be derived from the amount made available
under this heading for the cost of low-income section 515 loans and
to become available for obligation only upon the enactment of authorizing legislation.¿
In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out
the direct and guaranteed loan programs, ø$385,889,000, of which
$372,897,000¿ $366,205,000, which shall be transferred to and
merged with the appropriation for ‘‘Rural Housing øand Community
Development¿ Service, Salaries and Expenses’’.
øSELF-HELP

HOUSING LAND DEVELOPMENT FUND¿

øFor the principal amount of direct loans, as authorized by section
523(b)(1)(B) of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended (42 U.S.C.
1490c), $603,000.¿
øFor the cost of direct loans, including the cost of modifying loans,
as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974,
$31,000.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

906
639
598
–3 ................... ...................
903
–903

639
–639

598
–598

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
754
639
42.00
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ................... ...................

536
62

43.00

598

60.05
60.25

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................
Appropriation (special fund, indefinite) ....................

139 ................... ...................
13 ................... ...................

63.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................

152 ................... ...................

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

754

906

639

639

598

72.40

448
269
183
903
639
598
–1,074
–725
–629
–8 ................... ...................
269

183

151

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1,074

725

629

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

906
1,074

639
725

598
629

618
526
489
304
199
141
152 ................... ...................

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays
[In millions of dollars]

Enacted/requested:
1995 actual
1996 est.
1997 est.
Budget Authority .....................................................................
906
639
598
Outlays ....................................................................................
1,074
725
630
Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... .................... .................... ....................
Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

906
1,074

639
725

598
630

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2081–0–1–371

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Rural housing insurance fund, downward reestimates
of subsidies ...............................................................
13 ................... ...................
Appropriation:
05.01 Rural housing insurance fund program account ..........
–13 ................... ...................
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2081–0–1–371

00.01
00.02
00.05
00.06
00.09
00.10

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy ...............................................
Reestimates of direct loan subsidy ...............................
Interest on reestimates of direct loan subsidy .............
Administrative expenses—salaries, expenses ..............
Administrative expenses—nonrecoverable expenses ....

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

348
250
225
17
3
6
137 ................... ...................
15 ................... ...................
374
373
366
12
13 ...................
903

639

598

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Single family housing ....................................................
934
1,016
1150 Multi-family housing ......................................................
183
152
1150 Housing repair ...............................................................
29
38
1150 Farm labor housing .......................................................
15
15
1150 Site development ...........................................................
1
1
1150 Credit sales of acquired property .................................. ................... ...................
1150 Self-help housing ........................................................... ...................
1

1,320
184
35
16
1
75
1

1159

Identification code 12–2081–0–1–371

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Single family housing ....................................................
1320 Multi-family housing ......................................................
1320 Housing repair ...............................................................
1320 Farm labor housing .......................................................
1320 Site development ...........................................................
1320 Credit sales of acquired property ..................................
1320 Self-help housing ...........................................................

1,162

1,223

1,632

24.36
54.55
39.61
52.48
–1.43
13.88
5.35

14.30
53.80
37.55
56.80
–1.51
17.43
5.21

8.30
49.42
31.66
45.90
–1.02
8.13
2.87

1329

29.88

20.47

13.82

228
100
12
8

145
82
14
9

110
91
11
8

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Single family housing ....................................................
1330 Multi-family housing ......................................................
1330 Housing repair ...............................................................
1330 Farm labor housing .......................................................

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
1330
1330
1330
1330
1330
1330
1330
1330
1330
1330

Site development ...........................................................
Credit sales of acquired property ..................................
Self-help housing ...........................................................
Single family housing, reestimate .................................
Multi-family housing, reestimate ..................................
Housing repair, reestimate ............................................
Farm labor housing, reestimate ....................................
Site development, reestimate ........................................
Credit sales of acquired property, reestimate ..............
Self-help housing, reestimate .......................................

...................
...................
...................
70
76
...................
1
...................
5
...................

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

...................
6
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Single family housing ....................................................
1340 Multi-family housing ......................................................
1340 Housing repair ...............................................................
1340 Farm labor housing .......................................................
1340 Site development ...........................................................
1340 Credit sales of acquired property ..................................
1340 Self-help housing ...........................................................
1340 Single family housing, reestimate .................................
1340 Multi-family housing, reestimate ..................................
1340 Housing repair, reestimate ............................................
1340 Farm labor housing, reestimate ....................................
1340 Site development, reestimate ........................................
1340 Credit sales of acquired property, reestimate ..............
1340 Self-help housing, reestimate .......................................

500

250

225

262
238
12
8
...................
1
...................
70
76
...................
1
...................
5
...................

140
175
12
9
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

115
114
12
7
...................
6
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

673

336

254

1339

1349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

1,049

1,700

2,300

2159

1,049

1,700

2,300

1.64

0.20

0.27

1.64

0.20

0.27

17

3

6

Total loan guarantee levels ......................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
2320 Single family housing—unsubsidized ...........................
2329

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Single family housing—unsubsidized ...........................
2339

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Single family housing—unsubsidized ...........................

17

3

6

17

2

5

2349

17

2

5

3510
3590

Total subsidy outlays ................................................
Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

tion portion of this program is requested to be appropriated
to the Rural Housing Service salaries and expenses account.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees
committed in FY 1992 and beyond (including credit sales of
acquired property), as well as administrative expenses of this
program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present
value basis; the administrative expenses are estimated on
a cash basis.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2081–0–1–371

25.3

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

41.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

386
517

386
253

366
232

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

903

639

598

RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT
(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2081–2–1–371

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Single family housing—unsubsidized ...........................

215

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Multi-family housing ...................................................... ................... ...................

36

1159

36

Total direct loan levels ............................................. ................... ...................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Multi-family housing ...................................................... ................... ...................

–8.01

1329

Weighted average subsidy rate ................................. ................... ...................

–8.01

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Single family housing, unsub, refinancing ................... ................... ...................

100

2320
386
384

386
387

366
369

Rural housing insurance fund—This fund was established
in 1965 (Public Law 89–117) pursuant to section 517 of title
V of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended.
The major programs funded through the Rural housing insurance fund program account are: section 502 very low and
low to moderate income homeownership loans and guarantees;
section 504 very low-income housing repair loans; section 514
domestic farm labor housing loans; section 515 rural rental
housing loans; section 524 housing site loans, and credit sales
of acquired property. The section 523 self-help housing land
development loan program is included under this heading
beginning with the FY 1997 budget. Previously, this loan
program was accounted for under the separate heading of
‘‘Self-Help Housing Land Development Fund Program Account.’’
Loan programs are limited to rural areas that include
towns, villages, and other places which are not part of an
urban area and that have a population not in excess of 2,500
inhabitants, or is in excess of 2,500 but not in excess of
10,000 if rural in character, or has a population in excess
of 10,000 but not more than 20,000 and is not within a
standard metropolitan statistical area and has a serious lack
of mortgage credit for low- and moderate-income borrowers.
In FY 1997, funding for the new construction portion of
the Rural Rental Housing Loan Program is requested to be
appropriated to the Rural Performance Partnership Program
and transferred to this account for administration. Funding
for salaries and expenses associated with the new construc-

2159

Total loan guarantee levels ...................................... ................... ...................
Guaranteed loan subsidy (in percent):
Single family housing, unsub, refinancing ................... ................... ...................

0.04

100

2329

Weighted average subsidy rate ................................. ................... ...................

0.04

Proposed legislation to amend the Housing Act of 1949
would provide additional direct loans for the section 515 rural
rental housing loan program as a result of a balloon payment
in year 30, lowering the cost of the program. A new section
502 guaranteed rural housing loan program is also proposed
for refinancing of direct single family home loans to facilitate
the graduation of direct loan borrowers into the private sector.
These loans will be provided only to borrowers who are not
eligible for conventional private sector financing without the
federal guarantee.
RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4215–0–3–371

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05
00.06

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans ....................................................................
1,162
1,223
1,632
Advances on behalf of borrowers ..................................
5
20
20
Collateral acquired by default ....................................... ...................
2
2
Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................
373
433
500
Subsidy reestimate paid to receipt account .................
3 ................... ...................
Other expenses ...............................................................
7 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1,550

1,678

2,154

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) ....................................
New obligations .............................................................

1,550
–1,550

1,678
–1,678

2,154
–2,154

216

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT—Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–4215–0–3–371

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
67.15

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

817

1,245

1,679

1,088
–181
–174

861
–85
–343

920
–29
–416

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

733

433

475

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

1,550

1,678

2,154

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.47
Authority to borrow ...............................................
72.90
Fund balance ........................................................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

439
106
445

14
265
264

48
287
179

68.90
70.00

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40

74.47
74.90
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow ...............................................
Fund balance ........................................................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

74.99

87.00

14
265
264

48
287
179

123
312
150

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

543

514

585

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

1,971

1,707

2,083

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayments of principal ..................................
88.40
Interest received on loans ................................
88.40
Repayments on advances ................................
88.40
Proceeds on sale of acquired property ............
88.40
Fees and miscellaneous collections .................
88.40
Undistributed receipts ......................................
88.90
88.95

990
543
514
1,550
1,678
2,154
–1,971
–1,707
–2,083
–27 ................... ...................

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in FY
1992 and beyond including credit sales of acquired property.
The amounts in this account are a means of financing and
are not included in the budget totals.
This account finances direct rural housing loans for: section
502 very low- and low-to-moderate-income home ownership
loan program; section 504 very low income housing repair
loan program; section 514 domestic farm labor housing loan
program; section 515 rural rental housing loan program; sections 523 and 524 site development loans; and credit sales
of acquired property.
Loan programs are limited to rural areas that include
towns, villages and other places which are not part of an
urban area and that have a population not in excess of 2,500
inhabitants, or is in excess of 2,500 but not in excess of
10,000 if rural in character, or has a population in excess
of 10,000 but not more than 20,000 and is not within a
standard metropolitan statistical area and has a serious lack
of mortgage credit for low and moderate-income borrowers.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4215–0–3–371

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1402
Interest receivable ..............................
1404
Foreclosed property .............................
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
1499

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

–673
–67

–336
–80

–254
–91

–80
–118
–174
–241
–263
–324
–2
–2
–3
–7
–62
–74
–11 ................... ...................
–7 ................... ...................
–1,088
181

–861
85

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2104
Resources payable to Treasury ...........
2105
Other ...................................................
2207 Non-Federal liabilities: Other ..................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

106

265

287

312

441

264

179

150

5,306
17
4
–1,393

6,797
28
5
–1,962

7,942
36
10
–2,271

9,340
46
15
–2,517

3,934

4,868

5,717

6,884

4,481

5,397

6,183

7,346

4
4,072
445
12
..................

..................
5,113
264
..................
20

..................
5,981
179
..................
23

..................
7,168
150
..................
28

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

4,533

5,397

6,183

7,346

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

4,533

5,397

6,183

7,346

RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT

–920
29

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority ........................................................
90.00 Financing disbursements ...............................................

643
882

902
846

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

1,263
1,163

Identification code 12–4215–2–3–371

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
Identification code 12–4215–0–3–371

1,472
1,223
1,632
–310 ................... ...................

1150

1,162

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1231 Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
1251 Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
1261 Adjustments: Capitalized interest .................................
Write-offs for default:
1263
Direct loans ...............................................................
1264
Other adjustments, net .............................................
1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1,223

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

36

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) .................................... ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

36
–36

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) ..................................... ................... ...................

36

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................
1112 Unobligated direct loan limitation ................................
Total direct loan obligations .....................................

36

67.15

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans .................................................................... ................... ...................

10.00

1995 actual

1,632

5,306
1,584
–81
8

6,797
1,252
–120
8

7,942
1,561
–176
10

–7
–13

–14
19

–17
20

6,797

7,942

9,340

73.10
73.20
74.47

87.00

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ................... ...................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow .................................................... ................... ...................
Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ................... ...................

36
–6
30

6

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ...................
Financing disbursements ............................................... ................... ...................

68.90

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

28

20

30

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

28

20

30

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Orders on hand
from Federal sources ................................................. ................... ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
12
9
73.20 Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
–12
–9
74.95 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Orders on hand
from Federal sources ................................................. ...................
1

1
13
–13

36
6
70.00

This account reflects the additional principal amount of
section 515 rural rental housing loans that can be obligated
under the legislative proposal to institute a balloon payment
requirement in year 30, for what was previously a 50 year
loan program. The debt service requirements will remain the
same as if the loan had a 50 year term, until the balloon
payment in year 30.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in FY
1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals.
Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4215–2–3–371

1996 est.

1997 est.

72.95

12

9

13

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
88.40
Non-Federal sources: guarantee fees ...................

–17
–3
–8

–2
–4
–13

–5
–5
–19

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
–28
Change in receivables from program accounts ............ ...................

–19
–1

–29
–1

36

1150

36

2

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

87.00

88.90
88.95

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ................... ...................

217

1210
1231
1290

Total direct loan obligations ..................................... ................... ...................

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ................... ................... ...................
6
Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ................... ...................

6

Identification code 12–4215–2–3–371

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt ...........................

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Financing disbursements ...............................................
–16
–10
–16

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4216–0–3–371

1996 est.

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders ..............................................................................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

6
..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

6

..................

..................

..................

1,700

2,300

1,049

1,700

2,300

2,085
1,466
–83

3,458
2,091
–138

–10

–14

2210
2231
2251
2263

6

..................

1,049

2150

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

1499

89.00
90.00

6

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

..................

..................

..................

6

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

..................

Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
1,276
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
859
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
–50
Adjustments: Terminations for default that result in
claim payments ......................................................... ...................

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

2,085

3,458

5,397

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

1,877

3,113

4,858

6

RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND GUARANTEED LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4216–0–3–371

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Default claims ...............................................................
Subsidy reestimate paid to receipt account .................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

2
9
13
10 ................... ...................
12

9

13

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from guaranteed loan commitments
made in FY 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account
are a means of financing and are not included in the budget
totals.
This account finances the nonsubsidized guaranteed section
502 low-to-moderate-income home ownership loan program.
The guaranteed program enables RHS to utilize private sector
resources for the making and servicing of loans while the
Agency provides a financial guarantee to encourage private
sector activity.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.90 Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................

52
20

63
30

64
–12

72
–9

93
–13

52

63

80

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
28
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources ...................

19
1

29
1

23.90
23.95
24.90

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ......................................................................

1994 actual

1995 actual

36

52

62

78

..................

..................

1

2

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2204 Non-Federal liabilities: Liabilities for
loan guarantees ..................................

36

52

63

80

36

52

63

80

2999

36

52

63

80

Identification code 12–4216–0–3–371

36
28

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
1999

Total liabilities ....................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

218

RURAL HOUSING SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
2299

RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND GUARANTEED LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT—Continued

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................ ................... ...................

63

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)—Continued

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

1994 actual

1995 actual

36

52

1996 est.

63

Identification code 12–4216–2–3–371

(Legislative proposal, not subject to PAYGO)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4216–2–3–371

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1996 est.

..................

..................

..................

1

..................

..................

..................

1

..................

..................

..................

1

2999

RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND GUARANTEED LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT

1995 actual

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2204 Non-Federal liabilities: Liabilities for
loan guarantees ..................................

80

1994 actual

1999

1997 est.

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

Total liabilities ....................................

..................

..................

..................

1

4999

Identification code 12–4216–0–3–371

1997 est.

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

..................

1

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Default claims ............................................................... ................... ................... ...................
10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New financing authority (gross) .................................... ................... ...................
1
23.95 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
24.90 Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ...................................................................... ................... ...................
1
New financing authority (gross), detail:
68.00 Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

73.10
73.20

1

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ................... ................... ...................

RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4141–0–3–371

00.02
00.03
00.04
00.05
00.06
00.07

1996 est.

1997 est.

62
103
98
1 ................... ...................
41
5 ...................
7
20
18
1
1
1
4
1 ...................

This account reflects the additional guaranteed loan level
requested under the legislative proposal to create a section
502 guaranteed housing loan program for the purpose of refinancing section 502 direct loans made in prior years. These
loans will be made when graduation to private credit cannot
be accomplished without the provision of the Agency’s guarantee.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from guaranteed loan commitments
made in FY 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account
are a means of financing and are not included in the budget
totals.
Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

1996 est.

2,826

2,489

1,896

Total obligations ........................................................

2,942

2,619

2,013

22.00
22.70

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Balance of authority to borrow withdrawn ....................

3,099
–157

2,849
–230

2,336
–323

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

2,942
–2,942

2,619
–2,619

2,013
–2,013

60.05
60.47

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (indefinite) ...............................................
Portion applied to debt reduction .................................

3,430
–331

3,520
–671

5,260
–2,924

3,099

2,849

2,336

2,545
–2,545

2,464
–2,464

2,351
–2,351

1997 est.

63.00
68.00
68.47
68.90
70.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................

2,849

2,336

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
72.47
Authority to borrow ...............................................
72.90
Fund balance ........................................................

1,222
61

1,059
95

829
183

2150

100

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ...................... ................... ...................
70

74.47
74.90

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance:
Authority to borrow ...............................................
Fund balance ........................................................

74.99

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ................... ...................

3
1
1
2,816
2,483
1,891
1 ................... ...................
2
1 ...................
3
3
3
1
1
1

3,099

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40

2290

117

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

100

2210
2231

130

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................ ................... ................... ...................

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders .............................................................................. ................... ...................
Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................ ................... ...................

116

–1

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................
90.00 Financing disbursements ............................................... ................... ...................
–1

Identification code 12–4216–2–3–371

Total operating expenses ......................................

10.00

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources: guarantee fees ....................................... ................... ...................

01.02
01.03
01.04
01.05
01.06
01.07

Total capital investment ...........................................
Operating expenses:
Interest on certificates of beneficial ownership .......
Interest on FFB borrowings .......................................
Interest expense on withheld collections ..................
Interest on Treasury borrowings ................................
Interest credits on loans sold to investors ...............
Interest subsidy obligated for guaranteed loans

01.91

Outlays (gross), detail:
87.00 Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ................... ................... ...................

00.91

Obligations by program activity:
Advances on behalf of borrowers ..................................
Purchase of loans from investors .................................
Purchases of certificates of beneficial ownership ........
Collateral acquired by default .......................................
Judgements ....................................................................
Unclassified recoverable costs ......................................

1995 actual

70

1,283
1,154
1,012
2,942
2,619
2,013
–3,065
–2,762
–2,306
–7 ................... ...................

1,059
95

829
183

506
213

1,154

1,012

719

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

1,834
1,230

1,821
941

1,533
773

1201
1206

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3,065

2,762

2,306

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Non-Federal sources:
88.40
Repayments of loans and advances ................
88.40
Proceeds from sale of acquired property .........
88.40
Payments on judgments ...................................
88.40
Interest payments from borrowers ...................
88.40
Recapture of subsidies ....................................
88.40
Fees and other revenue ....................................
88.40
Income and return of investmest on protective
advance fund ...............................................
88.40
Occupancy surcharges collected ......................
88.40
Undistributed receipts ......................................

–1,160
–97
–8
–1,187
–78
–3

–1,130
–98
–6
–1,112
–112
–4

–1,111
–85
–5
–1,037
–107
–4

88.90

–2,545

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

1601
1602
1603
1604
1606
1699

–1 ................... ...................
–2
–2
–2
–9 ................... ...................
–2,464

–2,351

1701
1703
1704

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

554
519

385
298

–15
–45

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4141–0–3–371

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
Adjustments: Capitalized interest .................................
Write-offs for default:
1263
Direct loans ...............................................................
1264
Other adjustments, net .............................................

1210
1231
1251
1261

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

1803
1901

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................
Guaranteed loans purchased from
holders ............................................
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
Defaulted guaranteed loans and interest receivable, net .....................
Value of assets related to loan
guarantees .................................
Other Federal assets:
Property, plant and equipment, net
Other assets ........................................

21
106

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

24,837
74

23,675
223

22,442
211

21,228
197

–1,924

–9,891

–9,376

–8,867

22,987
88

14,007
80

13,277
69

12,558
65

23,075

14,087

13,346

12,623

1

1

..................

..................

–1

–1

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

10
19

2
9,023

..................
6,372

..................
1,468

26,213

23,207

19,901

14,304

1
1,220
24,816

1
1,111
21,940

..................
976
18,805

..................
687
13,530

1
4
59
113

10
1
19
126

10
..................
..................
110

8
..................
..................
79

1999

24,838
9
–1,147
40

23,675
5
–1,130
40

22,442
1
–1,111
37

–92
27

–87
–61

–83
–58

23,675

22,442

21,228

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4141–0–3–371

1799

Non-Federal assets:
Investments in non-Federal securities,
net ..................................................
Receivables, net ..................................
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
Direct loans, gross ..............................
Interest receivable ..............................
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................
Foreclosed property .............................

219

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
Non-Federal liabilities:
2201
Accounts payable ................................
2202
Interest payable ..................................
2203
Debt .....................................................
2207
Other ...................................................
2999

1996 est.

1997 est.

2210
2251
2264

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments: Other adjustments, net ...........................

41
–4
–1

36
32
–3
–3
–1 ...................

2290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

36

32

29

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................

32

29

Total liabilities ....................................

26,214

23,208

19,901

14,304

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

26,214

23,208

19,901

14,304

26

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4141–0–3–371

1996 est.

1997 est.

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

1,501
–3,217

1,245
–2,975

1,299
–2,741

1,207
–2,134

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

–1,716

–1,730

–1,442

–927

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4141–0–3–371

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................

1
116
4
2,821

1
130
3
2,485

1
117
3
1,892

Total obligations ........................................................

2,942

2,619

2,013

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
SALARIES

Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4141–0–3–371

Other services ................................................................
Investments and loans ..................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
Interest and dividends ...................................................

99.9

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, all cash flows to and
from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated
and loan guarantees committed prior to FY 1992. New loan
activity in 1992 and beyond (including credit sales of acquired
property that resulted from obligations or commitments in
any year) is recorded in corresponding program and financing
accounts.

25.2
33.0
41.0
43.0

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

61

95

183

213

2,921

..................

..................

..................

AND

EXPENSES

For necessary expenses of the Rural øBusiness and Cooperative
Development¿ Business-Cooperative Service, including administering
the programs authorized by the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as amended; section 1323 of the Food Security Act of
1985; the Cooperative Marketing Act of 1926; for activities relating
to the marketing aspects of cooperatives, including economic research
findings, as authorized by the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946;
for activities with institutions concerning the development and operation of agricultural cooperatives; and cooperative agreements;
ø$9,013,000¿: $27,068,000 Provided, That this appropriation shall be
available for employment pursuant to the second sentence of 706(a)
of the Organic Act of 1944, and not to exceed ø$250,000¿ $270,000
may be used for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109. (Agriculture, Rural
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 1996.)

220

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
SALARIES

AND

Personnel Summary

EXPENSES—Continued

Identification code 12–1903–0–1–452

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1903–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program ............................................................... ...................
Reimbursable program .................................................. ...................

9
17

27
1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

26

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

26
–26

28
–28

1995 actual

1996 est.

.............................. ...................
133
and holiday hours ................... ...................

1997 est.

360
3

28

22.00
23.95

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

9

27

17

1

70.00

26

28

................... ...................
...................
26
...................
–22

4
28
–26

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
72.90

86.90
86.93
86.97
87.00

...................

4

6

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
5
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ................... ...................
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
17

23
3
1

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

22

26

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................

–17

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

9
5

27
25

89.00
90.00

The Secretary’s reorganization plan established the Rural
Business-Cooperative Service (RBS). RBS includes programs
from the former Rural Development Administration, rural development programs from the former Rural Electrification Administration, and the Agricultural Cooperative Service. This
Agency delivers loan and grant programs and technical assistance to cooperatives and rural businesses.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1903–0–1–452

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3
25.2
31.0

1995 actual

1996 est.

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ............................................. ...................
5
Other than full-time permanent ........................... ................... ...................
Other personnel compensation ............................. ................... ...................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Equipment .................................................................

Identification code 12–1904–0–1–452

13
1
1

................... ...................
...................
1
................... ...................

1
4
1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

RURAL PERFORMANCE PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

15
4
1
1

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ...................
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ...................

249
9
3 ...................

For the cost of direct loans, loan guarantees, and grants, as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1926, 1928, and 1932, 42 U.S.C. 1485, 1490(a),
and 9812, $878,673,000, to remain available until expended, of which
$126,435,000 shall be for activities of the Rural Housing Service,
including new construction of section 515 rental housing, rental assistance agreements entered into for new construction of section 515 rental
housing, direct loans and loan guarantees for community facilities,
and community fire protection grants; of which $661,560,000 shall
be for activities of the Rural Utilities Service, including direct loans
and loan guarantees and grants for rural water and waste disposal
and solid waste management grants; and of which $90,678,000 shall
be for activities of the Rural Business-Cooperative Service, including
direct loans and loan guarantees for business and industry assistance,
direct loans for intermediary relending, and grants for rural business
enterprise, rural technology and cooperative development, and local
technical assistance and planning: Provided. That the costs of direct
loans and loan guarantees, including the cost of modifying such loans,
shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act
of 1974, as amended: Provided further, That the amounts appropriated shall be transferred to the program accounts as determined
by the Secretary: Provided further, That of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $5,128,265 shall be available for contracting
with qualified national organizations for a circuit rider program to
provide technical assistance for rural water systems: Provided further,
That of the total amount appropriated, not to exceed $25,000,000
shall be available for water and waste disposal systems to benefit
the Colonias along the United States/Mexico border, including grants
pursuant to section 306C of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as amended: Provided further, That $80,000,000 in direct
loans, loan guarantees, and grants shall be for empowerment zones
and enterprise communities, as authorized by Public Law 103–66:
Provided further, That if such funds are not obligated for
empowerment zones and enterprise communities by June 30, 1997,
they shall remain available for other authorized purposes under this
head: Provided further, That rental assistance agreements entered into
shall be funded for a five-year period, although the life of such agreements may be extended to fully utilize amounts obligated: Provided
further, That for the amounts appropriated for the Rural Housing
Service, the Rural Utilities Service, and the Rural Business-Cooperative Service, the Secretary is authorized to transfer not to exceed 10
percent of the amounts appropriated for each Service between the
Services to be used for activities authorized under this head.

1997 est.

...................
5
...................
1
................... ...................
................... ...................

99.0
99.0
99.5

.............................. ...................
and holiday hours ...................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

40.00
41.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ................... ...................
Transferred to other accounts ....................................... ................... ...................

879
–879

43.00

Appropriation (total) .................................................. ................... ................... ...................

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ................... ................... ...................

7
27
16
1
3 ...................

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

26

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................

28

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

The FY 1997 Budget reproposes a new, more flexible program for distributing USDA’s rural development assistance.
The new program, called the Rural Performance Partnership
Program (RPPP), combines fourteen existing rural development programs into three funding streams; one each for rural
utilities, rural community facility infrastructure, and rural
businesses. Programs included in the RPPP include rural
water and wastewater grants, loans and loan guarantees,
loans and loan guarantees for essential community facilities,
loans for new construction of rural rental housing and the
corresponding rental assistance, and grants, loans and loan
guarantees for the creation and expansion of rural businesses.
The RPPP was initially proposed in the FY 1996 Budget
and Congress enacted a limited version of the proposal that
included the rural utilities programs.
USDA’s Rural Economic and Community Development
State Directors would have authority to transfer up to 25
percent of the funding between the three funding streams,
although at the National level total transfers between funds
would not exceed 10 percent. The State Directors would work
with State and local governments, other community-based organizations, and the State Rural Development Councils—
whose members include State, local, and Tribal governments,
and private sector representatives—to direct funds to each
State’s highest rural economic development priorities. Performance measures and incentives are included in the RPPP
proposal.
For FY 1997, the funding for the RPPP is requested to
be appropriated to this account and then transferred to each
program’s specific account for administration.

AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE SERVICE
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3000–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

SALARIES

AND

221

EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3400–0–1–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Reimbursable program ..................................................

30 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

30 ................... ...................

22.00
22.30

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

31 ................... ...................
–1 ................... ...................

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

30 ................... ...................
–30 ................... ...................

68.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

31 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
72.90

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

89.00
90.00

15
17
3
30 ................... ...................
–27
–14
–3
–1 ................... ...................
17

3 ...................

13 ................... ...................
14
14
3
27

14

3

–31 ................... ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–5
14
3

Beginning in 1995, programs and services formerly provided
by the Rural Development Administration are included in
the Rural Utilities Service, the Rural Housing Service, and
the Rural Business-Cooperative Service.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................

99.0
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.90 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
1 ................... ...................
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–1 ................... ...................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

1995 actual

Identification code 12–3400–0–1–452

1 ................... ...................

87.00

1997 est.

99.5

Reimbursable obligations: Subtotal, reimbursable obligations .......................................................................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

29 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

30 ................... ...................

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3400–0–1–452

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

1996 est.

1996 est.

1997 est.

1 ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
1 ................... ...................

Beginning in FY 1994, activities relating to agricultural
cooperatives, formerly performed by the Agricultural Cooperative Service, were transferred to the Rural Development Administration (P. L. 103–211). Beginning in FY 1995, these
cooperative activities are included in the Rural Business-Cooperative Service.

2001
2005

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

RURAL TECHNOLOGY

AND

199 ................... ...................
1 ................... ...................

COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS

øFor grants pursuant to section 310(f) of the Consolidated Farm
and Rural Development Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. 1932), $2,300,000,
of which up to $1,300,000 may be available for the appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.¿ For the appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas program authorized by 7 U.S.C.
3319, $1,300,000, which shall be available for cooperative agreements
as determined by the Secretary. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriation Act,
1996.)

222

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
RURAL TECHNOLOGY

AND

LOCAL TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

AND

PLANNING GRANTS

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS—
Continued

Identification code 12–1901–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1900–0–1–452

00.01
00.02

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Rural technology and cooperative development grants
2
Appropriate technology program .................................... ...................

22.00
23.95

1997 est.

1
1

2
1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

40.00
40.35

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
Appropriation rescinded .................................................

2 ................... ...................
–2 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

2

2

3

43.00

Appropriation (total) .................................................. ................... ................... ...................

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

2
–2

2
–2

3
–3

73.10

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

40.00
42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
2
2
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ................... ...................

1
2

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

2

2

3

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

2

2

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
2
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
2

2
2
–1

3
3
–2

3

4

72.40

86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from current balances ...................................... ...................

1

2

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

1

2

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
2
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

2
1

3
2

Grants for rural technology were authorized under section
310B(f) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development
Act. These grants will be made available to public bodies
and nonprofit organizations to fund the establishment and
operation of centers for rural technology or cooperative development with their primary purpose being the improvement
of economic conditions in rural areas. Grants may be used
to promote the development and commercialization of new
services and products that can be produced or provided in
rural areas; new processes that can be utilized in the production of products in rural areas; and new enterprises that
add value to on-farm production through processing or marketing. RBS can fund up to 75 percent of any project and
associated administrative costs and requires at least a 25
percent matching share from the applicant which must be
from non-Federal sources.
In FY 1997, the funding for the Rural Technology and Cooperative Development grants is requested to be appropriated
to the Rural Performance Partnership Program and transferred to this account for administration. The amount for
Appropriate Technology Transfer to Rural Areas (ATTRA)
program was first authorized by the Food Security Act of
1985. The program encourages agricultural producers to adopt
sustainable agricultural practices.

This
grant
program,
authorized
through
section
306(a)(11)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, as amended, is designed to assist in the economic
development of rural areas by providing technical assistance
for business development and economic development planning. Grant funds may be used to identify and analyze business opportunities that would use local economic and human
resources; provide technical assistance to existing or prospective rural entrepreneurs; establish business support centers
and otherwise assist in the creation of new rural businesses;
and, to conduct regional, community and local economic development planning and coordination, and leadership development.
These grants are designed to stimulate economic development and rural employment while challenging State, local,
and private sources to invest in rural economic development
activities thus allowing program grant funds to reach a broader range of rural economic development efforts.

RURAL BUSINESS ENTERPRISE GRANTS
øFor grants authorized under section 310B(c) and 310B(j) (7 U.S.C.
1932) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act to any
qualified public or private nonprofit organization, $45,000,000, of
which $8,381,000 shall be available through June 30, 1996, for assistance to empowerment zones and enterprise communities, as authorized by title XIII of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993,
after which any funds not obligated shall remain available for other
authorized purposes under this head: Provided, That $500,000 shall
be available for grants to qualified nonprofit organizations to provide
technical assistance and training for rural communities needing improved passenger transportation systems or facilities in order to promote economic development.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2065–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

48

45

45

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

48
–48

45
–45

45
–45

40.00
42.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
48
45 ...................
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ................... ...................
45

GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1995 actual

Number of grants ...................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..............................

7
$2

1996 est.

6
$2

1997 est.

8
$3

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

48

45

45

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

48

45

45

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

73.10
73.20
74.95

72.40

57
70
74
48
45
45
–33
–41
–43
–1 ................... ...................
70

74

76

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

6
27

6
35

6
37

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

33

41

43

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

48
33

45
41

45
43

This grant program is authorized under sections 310(B)(c)
and 310B(j) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development
Act, as amended. These grants enable public and private nonprofit organizations to operate rural economic development
projects. In general, these grants provide investments in the
human and physical resources of rural communities. Past
projects have enabled rural communities to acquire and develop land, create technical assistance programs, and encourage small business growth.
In FY 1997, funding for the Rural Business Enterprise
grant program is requested to be appropriated to the Rural
Performance Partnership Program and transferred to this account for administration.
GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1995 actual

Number of grants ...................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..............................

1996 est.

244
$48

241
$45

1997 est.

235
$45

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2065–0–1–452

25.1
41.0

Advisory and assistance services ..................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1 ................... ...................
47
45
45
48

45

45

RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT GRANTS
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3105–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Rural Economic Development Grants ............................

24

20

20

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................

24

20

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................
88.95 Change in orders on hand from Federal sources .........
–24

70.00

72.95

20
–20

20

–44
–20
24 ...................

GRANT OBLIGATIONS
1995 actual

Number of grants ........................................................................
Amount of grants (in millions of dollars) ..................................

57
$20

1996 est.

1997 est.

56
$20

56
$20

Credit accounts:
RURAL BUSINESS

AND

INDUSTRY LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

ø(INCLUDING

TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)¿

øFor the cost of guaranteed loans, $6,437,000, as authorized by
7 U.S.C. 1928 and 86 Stat. 661–664, as amended: Provided, That
such costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as
defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That such sums shall remain available until expended
for the disbursement of loans obligated in fiscal year 1996: Provided
further, That these funds are available to subsidize gross obligations
for the principal amount of guaranteed loans of $500,000,000: Provided further, That of the amounts available for the cost of guaranteed loans including the cost of modifying loans, $148,000, to subsidize gross obligations for the loan principal, any part of which
is guaranteed, not to exceed $10,842,000, shall be available for
empowerment zones and enterprise communities, as authorized by
Public Law 103–66: Provided further, That if such funds are not
obligated for empowerment zones and enterprise communities by
June 30, 1996, they remain available for other authorized activities
under this head.¿
øIn addition, for administrative expenses to carry out the direct
and guaranteed loan programs, $14,868,000, of which $14,747,000
shall be transferred to and merged with the appropriation for ‘‘Salaries and Expenses’’.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug
Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Guaranteed loan subsidy ............................................... ...................
Administrative expenses ................................................ ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

21

7

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................

21

7

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

21
–21

7
–7

44
20
–24 ...................

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

24

20

20

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

24

20

20

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Orders on hand
from Federal sources ................................................. ...................

00.02
00.09

22.00

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
24
68.90

20
–20

44

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Identification code 12–1902–0–1–452

24
–24

20
20
24 ...................

This grant program is authorized under section 313 of the
Rural Electrification Act and provides funds for the purpose
of promoting rural economic development and job creation
projects, including funding for project feasibility studies, startup costs, incubator projects and other expenses for the purpose of fostering rural development.

20

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

New obligations .............................................................
24
20
20
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................
–44
–20
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Orders on hand
from Federal sources .................................................
24 ................... ...................

86.97
86.98

89.00
90.00

223

24 ...................

40.00
42.00

6
7
15 ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation .................................................................. ...................
21 ...................
Transferred from other accounts ................................... ................... ...................
7

224

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
99.9

Credit accounts—Continued
RURAL BUSINESS

AND

ø(INCLUDING

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

21

7

INDUSTRY LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT—
Continued

TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)¿—Continued

RURAL BUSINESS

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–1902–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

INDUSTRY LOANS DIRECT FINANCING
ACCOUNT

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

43.00

Appropriation (total) .................................................. ...................

21

7

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

21

7

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4223–0–3–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans .................................................................... ................... ...................

50

7
–7

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

50

21

7

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) .................................... ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

50
–50

21

7
67.15

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) ..................................... ................... ...................

50

Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

21
–21

86.90

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

AND

21
21

7
7

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
72.90

Business and industry loans are made to public, private,
or cooperative organizations, Indian tribes or tribal groups,
corporate entities, or individuals for the purpose of improving
the economic climate in rural areas.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated and loan guarantees
committed in 1992 and beyond, as well as administrative
expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated
on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are
estimated on a cash basis.
In FY 1997, funding for the Direct and Guaranteed Business and Industry loan programs is requested to be appropriated to the Rural Performance Partnership Program and
transferred to this account for administration. Funding for
salaries and expenses associated with this program is requested to be appropriated to the Rural Business-Cooperative
Service salaries and expenses account.
Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1902–0–1–452

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ...........................................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

................... ...................
...................

50

0.00

–1.56

................... ...................

–1

................... ................... ...................

Administrative expense data:
3510 Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
3590 Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

41.0

38

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ................... ...................

12

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ...................
Financing disbursements ............................................... ................... ...................

50
12

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means of
financing and are not included in the budget totals. Loans
made prior to FY 1992 are recorded in the Rural Development
Insurance Fund Liquidating Account.
Business and industry loans are made to public, private,
or cooperative organizations, Indian tribes or tribal groups,
corporate entities, or individuals for the purpose of improving
the economic climate in rural areas.

1995 actual

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts .................................................................... ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................ ...................

1150

50

6

7

1290

6

7

1997 est.

1997 est.

50

750

1996 est.

1996 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ................... ...................

700

15 ...................
15 ...................

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4223–0–3–452

1210
1231

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

25.3

................... ...................

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

Guaranteed loan levels supportable by subsidy budget
authority:
2150 Loan guarantee levels ................................................... ...................
Guaranteed loan subsidy budget authority:
2330 Subsidy budget authority ............................................... ...................
Guaranteed loan subsidy outlays:
2340 Subsidy outlays .............................................................. ...................

Identification code 12–1902–0–1–452

................... ................... ...................
................... ...................
50
................... ...................
–12

Total direct loan obligations ..................................... ................... ...................

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year ............................................. ................... ................... ...................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ................... ................... ...................
12
Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ................... ...................

12

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4223–0–3–452

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

..................
..................

..................
..................

..................
..................

12
..................

1499
6
7
15 ...................

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

..................

..................

..................

12

1999

Total assets ........................................

..................

..................

..................

12

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities: Resources payable to
Treasury ...............................................

..................

..................

..................

12

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

..................

..................

..................

13

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

..................

..................

..................

12

2104

øRURAL BUSINESS

AND

INDUSTRY LOANS GUARANTEED FINANCING
ACCOUNT¿

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from guaranteed loans committed
in 1992 and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means
of financing and are not included in the budget totals. Loans
made prior to FY 1992 are recorded in the Rural Development
Insurance Fund Liquidating Account.
This account finances loan guarantee commitments for industrial development in rural areas.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4227–0–3–452

00.01
00.03
10.00

1995 actual

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Default claims ............................................................... ................... ...................
Investment in secondary market ................................... ...................
11
Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

11

1997 est.

1
17
18

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Fund
balance ...................................................................... ................... ...................
25
22.00 New financing authority (gross) .................................... ...................
16
21
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ................................... ...................
20 ...................
21.90

23.90
23.95
24.90

225

36
–11
25

28

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

16

21

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ...................

11
–11

18
–18

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) ......................... ...................

11

18

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources ..................................................... ...................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ............................... ...................
88.40
Non-Federal sources ............................................. ...................

–6
–2
–8

–7
–2
–12

–16

–21

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

17

..................

25

28

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2204 Non-Federal liabilities: Liabilities for
loan guarantees ..................................

17

..................

25

28

17

..................

25

28

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

17

..................

25

28

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

17

..................

25

28

46
–18

68.00

88.90

89.00
90.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year: Fund
balance ...................................................................... ...................

1994 actual

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................

Identification code 12–4227–0–3–452

øRURAL DEVELOPMENT LOAN FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT¿

Total, offsetting collections (cash) .................. ...................

1996 est.

700

750

2150
2199

700
560

750
600

................... ...................
...................
515
...................
–83

1,183
638
–130

Cumulative balance of guaranteed loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements of new guaranteed loans ......................
Repayments and prepayments ......................................
Adjustments:
2263
Terminations for default that result in claim payments ....................................................................
2264
Other adjustments, net .............................................
2210
2231
2251

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................
Reestimates of direct loan subsidy ...............................
Administrative expense ..................................................
Total obligations ........................................................

48

23

37

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
New obligations .............................................................

48
–48

23
–23

37
–37

–1
–1
752 ...................

2290

Outstanding, end of year .......................................... ...................

1,183

1,690

2299

Memorandum:
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loans outstanding,
end of year ................................................................ ...................

947

1,352

46
22
37
1 ................... ...................
1
1 ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
47
23 ...................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ................... ...................
37
43.00

...................
...................

1995 actual

00.01
00.06
00.09

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on commitments:
2111 Limitation on guaranteed loans made by private lenders .............................................................................. ...................
Total guaranteed loan commitments ........................ ...................
Guaranteed amount of guaranteed loan commitments ...................

Identification code 12–2069–0–1–452

22.00
23.95

Status of Guaranteed Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

10.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Financing disbursements ............................................... ...................
–5
–3

Identification code 12–4227–0–3–452

øFor the cost of direct loans, $22,395,000, as authorized by the
Rural Development Loan Fund (42 U.S.C. 9812(a)): Provided, That
such costs, including the cost of modifying such loans, shall be as
defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That these funds are available to subsidize gross obligations for the principal amount of direct loans of $37,544,000: Provided
further, That through June 30, 1996, of these amounts, $4,322,000
shall be available for the cost of direct loans, for empowerment zones
and enterprise communities, as authorized by title XIII of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, to subsidize gross obligations
for the principal amount of direct loans, $7,246,000.¿
øIn addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out
the direct loan programs, $1,476,000, of which $1,470,000 shall be
transferred to and merged with the appropriation for ‘‘Salaries and
Expenses’’.¿ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

47

60.05

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

48

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

23

37

1 ................... ...................
23

37

72.40

65
84
72
48
23
37
–28
–36
–32
–1 ................... ...................
84

72

77

226

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
22.00
23.95

øRURAL DEVELOPMENT LOAN FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT¿—
Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–2069–0–1–452

1995 actual

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) ....................................
New obligations .............................................................

90
–90

41
–41

85
–85

40

17

46

30
20

36
–12

34
5

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

50

24

39

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

90

41

85

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
72.95
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

51
64

69
84

56
72

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
67.15

1996 est.

1997 est.

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
86.97 Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

4
2
1
24
34
32
1 ................... ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

28

36

32

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

48
28

23
36

37
32

68.90
70.00

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40
74.90
74.95

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2069–0–1–452

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ...........................................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

115
153
128
90
41
85
–52
–66
–57
–1 ................... ...................
69
84

56
72

79
77

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

153

128

156

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

52

66

57

85

38

80

54.02

59.50

46.16

46

22

37

87.00

27

35

32

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Payments from program account .........................
–27
–34
–32
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
–3 ................... ...................
88.40
Non-Federal sources ............................................. ...................
–1
–2

1
1

1 ...................
1 ...................

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

25.3

74.99

1997 est.

This account finances loans to intermediary borrowers, who
in turn relend the funds to small rural businesses, community
development corporations, and other organizations for the
purpose of improving economic opportunities in rural areas.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated in 1992 and beyond,
as well as administrative expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis; the
administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis.
In FY 1997, funding for the Intermediary Relending program is requested to be appropriated to the Rural Performance Partnership Program and transferred to this account
for administration. Funding for salaries and expenses associated with this program is requested to be appropriated to
the Rural Business-Cooperative Service salaries and expenses
account.

Identification code 12–2069–0–1–452

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
Orders on hand from Federal sources ......................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

41.0

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

1
47

1 ...................
22
37

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

48

23

37

RURAL DEVELOPMENT LOAN FUND DIRECT LOAN FINANCING
ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

–30
–20

–35
12

–34
–5

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

40
22

18
31

46
23

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4219–0–3–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................

85

38

80

1150

85

38

80

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
27
74
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
47
63
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments ................. ................... ...................

137
57
–1

1210
1231
1251
1290

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

74

137

193

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means of
financing and are not included in the budget totals.
This account finances loans to intermediary borrowers, who
in turn relend the funds to small rural businesses, community
development corporations, or other organizations for the purpose of improving economic opportunities in rural areas.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Identification code 12–4219–0–3–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.
Identification code 12–4219–0–3–452

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct loans ....................................................................
00.03 Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................

86
4

38
3

80
5

10.00

90

41

85

Total obligations ........................................................

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

7

6

4

6

65

84

72

77

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

1401
1402
1405
1499

Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
Interest receivable ..............................
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1231
1251
27
..................
–14

74
..................
–39

137
1
–72

193
1
–100

13

35

66

94

85

125

142

177

21
64

41
84

71
71

101
77

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

85

125

142

178

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

85

125

142

178

RURAL DEVELOPMENT LOAN FUND LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4233–0–3–452

01.99

Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................

5
–5

3
–4

2
–4

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

85

84

82

1 Amounts

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2104
Resources payable to Treasury ...........
2105
Other ...................................................

1999

227

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year ....................................................

03.00
04.00

1995 actual

1996 est.

shown include advances on behalf of borrowers.

Loans from the Rural Development Loan Fund are made
to intermediary borrowers (i.e., small investment groups), who
in turn relend the funds to small rural businesses, community
development corporations, or other organizations for the purpose of improving economic opportunities in rural areas.
Through the use of local intermediaries, this program is able
to serve small-scale enterprises and give preference to those
communities with the greatest need.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, all cash flows to and
from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated
prior to 1992. New loan activity in 1992 and beyond is recorded in corresponding program and financing accounts.
Statement of Operations (in millions of dollars)

1997 est.

1994 actual

1995 actual

0101
0102

Revenue ...................................................
Expense ....................................................

1
–1

1
–1

1
–2

1
..................

0109

Net income or loss (–) ............................

..................

..................

–1

1

Identification code 12–4233–0–3–452

8

6

8

Offsetting Collections ....................................................
Total: Balances and collections ....................................
Appropriation:
05.01 Unobligated balance returned to receipts .....................

4
14

4
12

4
14

–8

–4

–7
7

–3
9

–3
11

1997 est.

–4

05.99
07.99

1996 est.

Subtotal appropriation ...................................................
Total balance, end of year ............................................

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4233–0–3–452

23.95

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

5

4

4

8
–9

4
–4

4
–4

–4

–4

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................ ................... ................... ...................

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ................... ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.90 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
15
10
7
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–5
–3
–2
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
10
7
5
Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

5

5

4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

5

3

2

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

23
1

14
..................

11
..................

7
..................

85

85

84

83

–9

–49

–50

–49

1699

Value of assets related to direct
loans ..........................................

76

36

34

34

76

36

34

34

1999

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2104 Federal liabilities: Resources payable to
Treasury ...............................................

100

50

45

41

99

50

45

41

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

99

50

45

41

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

99

50

45

41

ALCOHOL FUELS CREDIT GUARANTEE PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Identification code 12–2072–0–1–452

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

21.40

–5

–4

–4

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
–5
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

–4
–1

–4
–2

23.90
23.95

9 ................... ...................
–9 ................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation ................... ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

85

1996 est.

85

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Unobligated balance rescinded .....................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

87.00

1995 actual

40.36

73.10

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................

1994 actual

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

86.98

Identification code 12–4233–0–3–452

ASSETS:
Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
1206 Non-Federal assets: Receivables, net .....
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired defaulted guaranteed loans
receivable:
1601
Direct loans, gross ..............................
1603
Allowance for estimated uncollectible
loans and interest (–) ....................
1604
Direct loans and interest receivable,
net ..................................................

–4

68.90

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources ..................................................................

Identification code 12–4233–0–3–452

1101

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.26
Spending authority from offsetting collections (balances) ...................................................................
68.27
Capital transfer to general fund ..............................
68.45
Portion not available for obligation (limitation on
obligations) ...........................................................

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................

–9 ................... ...................

1997 est.

84

228

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
Subsidy rate ...................................................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................

Credit accounts—Continued

1320

ALCOHOL FUELS CREDIT GUARANTEE PROGRAM ACCOUNT—
Continued
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–2072–0–1–452

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
–9 ................... ...................
90.00 Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with loan guarantees committed in 1992 and beyond.
The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis;
the administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis.
The unobligated balance from this account was rescinded
by P.L. 104–19.
RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

3510
3590

22.11

2

3

3

3

3

3

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................

1
1

1
1

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

28.48

Rural economic development loans are made for the purpose
of promoting rural economic development and job creation
projects. Loans are made to electric and telecommunication
borrowers, who in turn finance rural development projects
in their service areas.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, the subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated in 1992 and beyond,
as well as administrative expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis; the
administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis.

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For the principal amount of direct loans, as authorized under section 313 of the Rural Electrification Act, for the purpose of promoting
rural economic development and job creation projects, ø$12,865,000¿
$14,000,000.
For the cost of direct loans, including the cost of modifying loans
as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974,
ø$3,729,000¿ $3,095,400. In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to carry out the direct loan program, ø$654,000¿ $699,000,
which shall be transferred to and merged with the appropriation
for ‘‘Salaries and Expenses.’’ (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)

Identification code 12–3108–0–1–452

24.92

Identification code 12–3108–0–1–452

25.3
41.0
99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

1
4
5

3

1
3
4

RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DIRECT LOAN FINANCING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4176–0–3–452

1996 est.

1995 actual

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts .................................................................... ...................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
3

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Direct Loan Subsidy .......................................................
3
00.09 Administrative expenses subj. to limitation .................. ...................

4
1

3
1

10.00

5

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Direct Loans ...................................................................
Interest Expense .............................................................

12
2

13
2

14
2

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

14

15

16

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) ....................................
New obligations .............................................................

14
–14

15
–15

16
–16

4

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation ..................................................................
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

3

3
–3

5
–5

4
–4

4

3
5
–4

4
4
–4

3

4

4

1
3

1
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

4

4

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
3

5
4

4
4

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ...........................................................

8

6

7

8

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

14

15

16

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
Obligated balance:
Fund balance:
72.90
Unpaid Obligations ...........................................
72.90
Receivables from Federal Funds ......................

6
3

6
3

8
3

9
14
–14

9
15
–15

11
16
–16

74.90
74.90

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance:
Fund balance:
Unpaid Obligations ...........................................
Receivables from Federal Funds ......................

6
3

8
3

10
3

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

9

11

13

86.97
86.98

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

5
8

Total financing disbursements (gross) .....................

14

70.00
3
3
–3

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority .............................. ...................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................
3

Identification code 12–3108–0–1–452

8

74.99

5

8

87.00

3

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..............................................

67.15
68.00

1995 actual

12

1996 est.

13

1997 est.

14

72.99
73.10
73.20

8 ...................
8 ...................
15

16

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal Funds: Program Account ..........................
88.40
Non-Federal sources: Repayment of Principal .....

–4
–2

–3
–4

–3
–5

Identification code 12–3104–0–1–271

88.90

–6

–7

–8

229

21.40

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT LOANS LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority ........................................................
90.00 Financing disbursements ...............................................

8
8

8
8

8
8

1995 actual

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

1996 est.

1997 est.

3
5
2 ...................

5
2

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
5
5
7
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
5
5
7

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4176–0–3–452

1996 est.

1997 est.

68.00

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................
1112 Unobligated direct loan limitation ................................

13
14
14
–1 ................... ...................

1150

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

12

14

14

1210
1231
1251

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................

20
12
–2

30
11
–4

37
12
–5

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

30

37

44

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond. The amounts in this account are a means of
financing and are not included in the budget totals.
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4176–0–3–452

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Program Account ............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........
1499

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

3

3

3

3

9

10

11

22
–5

29
–5

33
–5

12

17

24

30

38

43

9
16

10
21

11
27

12
31

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

25

31

38

43

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

25

31

38

43

3

3

3

3

4
–1

7
–2

9
–2

11
–2

3

5

7

9

6

8

10

12

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

2

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources: Repayment of Principal ..........................

89.00
90.00

–2

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–1

–1 ...................

–1

–2

–1 ...................
–2
–2

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for this program, all cash flows to and
from the Government resulting from direct loans obligated
prior to 1992. All new activity in this program is recorded
in corresponding program accounts and financing accounts.

28

24

1499

1

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
U.S. Securities: Unrealized discounts .......................
–2
–2
–1
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................
1 ...................
74.42 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
U.S. Securities: Unrealized discounts .......................
–2
–1
–1

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3104–0–1–271

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................

ASSETS:
Investments in US securities:
1106
Federal assets: Receivables, net ........
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

2

72.42

12

16
–4

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections (gross):
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

1210
1231
1251
1290

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
9
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ................... ...................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
–1
Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

8
8
1 ...................
–1
–2

8

8

6

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................

3
3

3
6

3
7

3
9

2999

Total liabilities ....................................

6

9

10

12

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

6

9

10

12

Identification code 12–3104–0–1–271

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

1

2

1

1

7

9

8

6

ASSETS:
1101 Federal assets: Fund balances with
Treasury ...............................................
1601 Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired
defaulted guaranteed loans receivable: Direct loans, gross ....................
1801 Other Federal assets: Cash and other
monetary assets ..................................

27

5

5

7

1999

Total assets ........................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3200 Invested capital .......................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

35

16

14

14

7
1
27

9
2
5

8
1
5

6
1
7

3999

Total net position ................................

35

16

14

14

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

35

16

14

14

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to pre–1992
direct loans receivable and acquired
defaulted guaranteed loans receivable: Direct loans, gross ....................

3

2

–1

–2

1601

230

RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT LOANS LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT—
Continued
Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1994 actual

1995 actual

16

–23

–1

2

Total assets ........................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................
3200 Invested capital .......................................
3300 Cumulative results of operations ............

20

–21

–2

..................

3
2
14

2
1
–24

–1
–1
..................

–2
..................
2

3999

Total net position ................................

20

–21

–2

..................

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

19

–21

–2

..................

Identification code 12–3104–0–1–271

1801

Other Federal assets: Cash and other
monetary assets ..................................

1999

1996 est.

1997 est.

rived from agricultural and forestry material and animal byproducts. Development of nontraditional uses provides an opportunity to improve U.S. competitiveness in foreign markets,
create development and employment opportunities in rural
areas, address environmental concerns and lower farm program costs. Programs are managed by the Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Center. Program
policy and oversight is provided by a nine member Board,
eight of whom are private sector scientists, producers and
business experts.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

11.1
33.0
41.0
99.5
99.9

ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND COMMERCIALIZATION
REVOLVING FUND
For necessary expenses to carry out the Alternative Agricultural
Research and Commercialization Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5901–5908),
ø$6,500,000¿ $6,975,000 is appropriated to the alternative agricultural research and commercialization revolving fund. (Agriculture,
Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4144–0–3–352

1996 est.

1997 est.

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ............. ...................
1
1
Investments and loans ..................................................
4
4
3
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
2
3
3
Below reporting threshold ..............................................
1 ................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

7

8

7

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4144–0–3–352

1001

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

11

1996 est.

1997 est.

11

11

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4144–0–3–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE

1997 est.

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Administrative expense ..................................................
Program activity .............................................................

1
6

1
7

1
6

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

7

8

7

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

3
5

1 ...................
6
7

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

Federal Funds
General and special funds:
FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE

AND

GENERAL SALES MANAGER

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

8
–7

7
–8

7
–7

1 ................... ...................

40.00
40.36

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
Unobligated balance rescinded .....................................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

5

6

7

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

5

6

7

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

7
7
–7

7
8
–9

6
7
–7

7

6

6

6
6
7
–1 ................... ...................

72.40

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

2
4

3
6

3
4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

7

9

7

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

5
6

6
9

7
7

Funds support programs authorized by the Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Act of 1990 (7
U.S.C. 5901 et seq.). This Act authorizes the provision of
assistance on a competitive basis to foster the development
and commercialization of new nonfood, nonfeed products de-

For necessary expenses of the Foreign Agricultural Service, including carrying out title VI of the Agricultural Act of 1954, as amended
(7 U.S.C. 1761–1768), market development activities abroad, and for
enabling the Secretary to coordinate and integrate activities of the
Department in connection with foreign agricultural work, including
not to exceed $128,000 for representation allowances and for expenses
pursuant to section 8 of the Act approved August 3, 1956 (7 U.S.C.
1766), ø$124,775,000¿ $137,141,000, of which ø$5,176,000 may be
transferred from Commodity Credit Corporation funds, $2,792,000¿
$3,231,000 may be transferred from the Commodity Credit Corporation program account in this Act, and ø$1,005,000¿ $1,035,000 may
be transferred from the Public Law 480 program account in this
Act: Provided, That the Service may utilize advances of funds, or
reimburse this appropriation for expenditures made on behalf of Federal agencies, public and private organizations and institutions under
øthe¿ agreements executed pursuant to the agricultural food production assistance programs (7 U.S.C. 1736) and the foreign assistance
programs of the International Development Cooperation Administration (22 U.S.C. 2392): Provided further, That none of the funds made
available by this Act may be used to carry out activities of the
market promotion program (7 U.S.C. 5623) which provides direct
grants to any for-profit corporation that is not recognized as a small
business concern under section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15
U.S.C. 632(a)), excluding cooperatives and associations as described
in 7 U.S.C. 291 and non-profit trade associations: Provided further,
That funds available to trade associations, cooperatives, and small
businesses may be used for individual branded promotions; with the
beneficiaries having matched the cost of such promotions: Provided
further, That funds provided for foreign market development to trade
associations, cooperative and small businesses shall be allocated only
after a competitive bidding process to target funds to those entities
most likely to generate additional U.S. exports as a result of the
expenditure.
None of the funds in the foregoing paragraph shall be available
to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco products. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2900–0–1–352

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Foreign agricultural affairs .......................................
39
41
00.02
Foreign market information and access ...................
17
19
00.03
Foreign market development .....................................
45
49
00.04
International Cooperation and Development .............
6
7
00.05
General sales manager administrative expenses ..... ................... ...................

42
20
59
7
5

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

107
63

116
62

133
58

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

170

178

191

2
5
174
178
–1 ...................

5
191
–5

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

175
–170
5

183
–178

191
–191

5 ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
42.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

109
116
133
2 ................... ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

111

116

133

63

62

58

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

174

178

191

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

40
170
–194

16
178
–182

12
191
–188

16

12

16

68.00
70.00

72.40

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

96
36
63

98
21
62

111
17
58

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

194

182

188

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–59
–4

–58
–4

–54
–4

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–63

–62

–58

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

111
129

116
120

133
130

The Foreign Agricultural Service mission is to help American farmers and traders take maximum advantage of increased opportunities to sell U.S. agricultural commodities
abroad and to help increase U.S. farm income.
Activities are conducted within four program areas:
Foreign agricultural affairs.—The Service maintains agri´
cultural counselors or attaches at 63 foreign posts to assist
overseas development of markets for U.S. farm commodities.
They work closely with numerous U.S. agricultural trade
groups and maintain significant contacts with foreign governments and traders to promote market access for U.S. farm
products. They also file annually about 5,000 comprehensive
reports regarding foreign agricultural production, supply, demand, marketing, and trade policy developments to keep U.S.
agriculture, industry, and Government currently informed.

231

Foreign market information and access.—Under this broad
program heading, the Service initiates, directs, and coordinates the Department’s formulation of trade policies and programs with the goal of maintaining and expanding world
markets for U.S. agricultural products. The Service is responsible for the development and maintenance of the USDA statistical data base encompassing foreign production estimates,
trade data, export forecasts, economic indicators, price data
and export sales reporting. These data are collected, analyzed,
and disseminated to U.S. farm and trade groups providing
ready access to reliable information to assess short-term
changes in world agricultural supply and demand conditions
by commodity.
The analyses of world commodity conditions provide the
information necessary to develop export marketing strategies
that can be used by the Department not only to gain market
access but to enhance the long term market development
plans for major U.S. commodities.
Foreign market development.—This program provides funding support to over 40 commodity associations (cooperators),
4 regional groups (representing 47 State departments of agriculture) and the National Association of State Departments
of Agriculture. Under FAS guidance and supervision, these
organizations conduct an extensive worldwide market development program on behalf of the U.S. farm sector. Beginning
in 1997, these funds will only be made available after a competitive allocation process. In addition, the Service maintains
12 agricultural trade offices located in key markets around
the world. Working closely with cooperators, through these
offices, the Service develops and operates a worldwide system
of multicommodity promotional programs utilizing product exhibits, trade teams, trade services, market information programs, and trade referral services to expand overseas markets. Beginning in 1997, cooperators that maintain facilities
in FAS agricultural trade offices will pay a contribution towards rent and other expenses.
International Cooperation and Development.—This activity
promotes U.S. agriculture and the advancement of agriculture
in developing countries through a number of complementary
programs. Direct program activities include the administration of the Cochran Fellowship Program which provides food
industry training to senior and mid-level professionals from
the public and private sectors of selected middle-income countries and emerging democracies, and management of USDA’s
bilateral exchange and cooperative research programs with
foreign governments and institutions.
At the request of the Agency for International Development,
international organizations and foreign governments, technical assistance and training in agriculture and rural development is provided on a reimbursable or advance of funds basis.
Programs are ongoing in over 80 countries focused on such
activities as land and water management, pest control, crop
and livestock production and conservation.
The General Sales Manager was established pursuant to
section 5(f) of the Charter Act of the Commodity Credit Corporation and 15 U.S.C. 714–714p. The funds allocated are
used for conducting the following programs: (1) CCC Export
Credit Guarantee Program (GSM–102), (2) Intermediate Credit Guarantee Program (GSM–103), (3) Export Enhancement
Program, (4) Market Promotion Program, (5) Public Law 480,
(6) Section 416 Overseas Donations, (7) Food for Progress,
(8) Dairy Export Incentive Program, (9) Sunflowerseed Oil
Assistance Program, (10) Cottonseed Oil Assistance Program,
and (11) programs authorized by the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act including barter, export sales of CCCowned commodities, export payments and other programs as
assigned to encourage or cause the export of U.S. agricultural
commodities. The General Sales Manager is partially funded
through funds made available from the CCC Export Guarantee Program Account and P.L. 480 Program Account.

232

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE AND GENERAL SALES MANAGER—
Continued
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–2900–0–1–352

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.8

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Special personal services payments ....................

1996 est.

1997 est.

33
2
2
1

36
2
2
1

40
3
2
1

38
10
4
1
7

41
10
5
1
8

46
11
5
1
10

24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

3
1
40
1
1
1

3
1
44
1
1
1

3
1
52
1
2
1

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

107
63

116
62

133
58

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

170

178

191

11.9
12.1
21.0
22.0
23.2
23.3

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–2900–0–1–352

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

778
2

778
2

794
2

129

129

129

SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES OVERSEAS (FOREIGN CURRENCY PROGRAM)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1404–0–1–352

22.00
23.95

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
6
6
5
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................
–1
–1
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
6
5
5

The funds and facilities of the Commodity Credit Corporation may, by law, be used in carrying out programs to encourage the export of agricultural commodities.
Included in this category are the following activities carried
out under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance
Act of 1954, Public Law 480, 83rd Congress, as amended
(P.L. 480): Financing sales of agricultural commodities to developing countries for dollars on credit terms, or for local
currencies (including for local currencies on credit terms) for
use under sec. 104 (title I); for dispositions abroad (titles
II and III); and for furnishing commodities to carry out The
Food for Progress Act of 1985, as amended. Agreements may
provide for commodities to be made available on a multiyear basis.
PUBLIC LAW 480 PROGRAM

AND

GRANT ACCOUNTS

(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

For expenses during the current fiscal year, not otherwise recoverable, and unrecovered prior years’ costs, including interest thereon,
under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of
1954, as amended (7 U.S.C. 1691, 1701–1715, 1721–1726, 1727–1727f,
1731–1736g), as follows: (1) ø$291,342,000¿ $218,944,000 for Public
Law 480 title I credit, including Food for Progress programs; (2)
ø$25,000,000¿ $13,905,000 is hereby appropriated for ocean freight
differential costs for the shipment of agricultural commodities pursuant to title I of said Act and the Food for Progress Act of 1985,
as amended; (3) ø$821,100,000¿ $837,000,000 is hereby appropriated
for commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad pursuant to title II of said Actø, of which $60,000,000 shall be financed
from funds credited to the Commodity Credit Corporation pursuant
to section 426 of Public Law 103–465¿; and (4) ø$50,000,000¿
$40,000,000 is hereby appropriated for commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad pursuant to title III of said Act:
Provided, That not to exceed 15 percent of the funds made available
to carry out any title of said Act may be used to carry out any
other title of said Act: Provided further, That such sums shall remain
available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b).
For the cost, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget
Act of 1974, of direct credit agreements as authorized by the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended,
and the Food for Progress Act of 1985, as amended, including the
cost of modifying credit agreements under said Act, ø$236,162,000¿
$179,082,000.
In addition, for administrative expenses to carry out the Public
Law 480 title I credit program, and the Food for Progress Act of
1985, as amended, to the extent funds appropriated for Public Law
480 are utilized, ø$1,750,000¿ $1,818,000. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

72.40

1

1

1

Obligations by program activity:
Ocean freight differential ..............................................
Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad .......................................................................
00.03 Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad .......................................................................

Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

1

1

10.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances ................................
87.00

89.00
90.00

Identification code 12–2278–0–1–151

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ...................
1
1

As authorized by the Agricultural Trade Development and
Assistance Act of 1954 (Public Law 480), as amended, USDA
uses foreign currencies to support research on problems of
mutual interest to the United States and participating foreign
countries. After 1991 no new foreign currency programs have
been or are proposed to be initiated.

00.01
00.02

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ...................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

24

25

14

881

821

837

110

50

40

1,015

896

891

22
1,016

46
896

46
891

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

35 ................... ...................
–11 ................... ...................
1,062
–1,015

942
–896

937
–891

46

46

46

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

60.05
70.00

966

896

313

238

181

49 ................... ...................
1,016

896

891

550
457
402
1,015
896
891
–1,115
–963
–904
42
12 ...................
–35 ................... ...................
457

402

389

552
555
556
514
408
349
49 ................... ...................
1,115

963

904

–49 ................... ...................

967
1,066

896
963

891
904

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ...................
37
Receipts:
02.01 Downward reestimates of subsidies .............................. ...................
37 ...................
Total: Balances and collections .................................... ...................
Total balance, end of year ............................................ ...................

163
116
238
181
–275
–205
–10 ...................
116

92

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

306

275

205

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

313
306

238
275

181
205

109
137
104
123
138
101
74 ................... ...................

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2277–0–1–151

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ...........................................................

301

291

219

1159

Total direct loan levels .............................................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................

301

291

219

81.06

81.06

81.79

81.06

81.06

81.79

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
1330 Subsidy budget authority—Re-estimate .......................

PUBLIC LAW 480 PROGRAM ACCOUNT

1995 actual

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
158
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
311
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
–306
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts .............................. ...................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
163
72.40

1329

Credit accounts:

04.00
07.99

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

74 ................... ...................

891

This account includes the non-credit components of Public
Law 480: title I ocean freight differential, title II, and title
III.

Identification code 12–2277–0–1–151

Permanent:
Appropriation (indefinite) ..........................................

233

37
37

37
37

1339

237
236
179
74 ................... ...................

Total subsidy budget authority .................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................

311

236

179

230

273

203

1349

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

230

273

203

3510
3590

Administrative expense data:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays from new authority ...........................................

2
2

2
2

2
2

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2277–0–1–151

00.01
00.02
00.03
00.04
00.09

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................
Direct loan subsidy—prior year recoveries ...................
Reestimate of direct loan subsidy ................................
Interest on reestimate of direct loan subsidy ...............
Administrative expenses ................................................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

226
236
179
9 ................... ...................
67 ................... ...................
7 ................... ...................
2
2
2
311

238

181

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
25
10
20
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
313
238
181
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations ....................................................................... ...................
10 ...................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ...................................
–17 ................... ...................
21.40

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for the P.L. 480 Program, the subsidy
costs associated with the direct loans obligated in 1992 and
beyond (including modifications of direct loans that resulted
from obligation in any year), as well as administrative expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated
on a present value basis; the administrative expenses are
estimated on a cash basis. An explanation of credit reform,
including a discussion of how subsidies are calculated, is included in the Federal Credit section of the Summary Information chapter.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2277–0–1–151

1996 est.

1997 est.

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................

41.0

321
–311
10

239

258
–238
20

238

201
–181

Purchases of goods and services from Government
accounts ....................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

2
309

2
236

2
179

99.9

23.90
23.95
24.40

25.3

1995 actual

Total obligations ........................................................

311

238

181

20

181

234

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
PUBLIC LAW 480 PROGRAM ACCOUNT—Continued
PUBLIC LAW 480 DIRECT CREDIT FINANCING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4049–0–3–151

00.01
00.02
00.03
10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Direct loans ....................................................................
270
Interest on Treasury borrowing ......................................
25
Negative Re-estimate .................................................... ...................
Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................
New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.10
Change in orders on hand from Federal sources
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
67.15

68.90
70.00

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
291
219
14
15
37 ...................
342

234

295
–295

342
–342

234
–234

234

144

1996 est.

1997 est.

50

..................

..................

247

165

116

91

849
–653

1,024
–787

1,294
–967

1,439
–1,123

196
..................

237
5

327
..................

316
..................

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2101
Accounts payable ................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2105
Other ...................................................

474

457

443

407

30
313
131

..................
292
..................

..................
327
..................

..................
316
..................

2999

295

Identification code 12–4049–0–3–151

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............
Investments in US securities:
1106
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

1994 actual

1995 actual

31

80
1499

144
246
179
–6
–48
–24
–76 ................... ...................

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

62

198

155

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

295

342

234

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.90
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
72.95
Receivable from program account ............................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the Government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond (including modifications of direct loans that resulted from obligations in any year). The amounts in this
account are a means of financing and are not included in
the budget totals.

1901

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................
Other Federal assets: Other assets ........

1999

226
163

248
115

385
295
–292

389
342
–367

363
234
–240

74.90
74.95

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
Unpaid obligations, end of year:
Obligated balance: Fund balance .............................
Receivable from program account ............................

226
163

248
115

Total unpaid obligations, end of year ..................

389

363

357

87.00

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

292

367

240

292

327

316

..................

165

116

91

Total net position ................................

..................

165

116

91

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

474

457

443

407

266
91

74.99

474

3999

216
169

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3100 Appropriated capital ................................

72.99
73.10
73.20

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4049–0–3–151

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Payments from program account .....................
–307
–273
88.00
Interest from Treasury ......................................
–11
–4
88.40
Interest received on loans ....................................
–14
–32
88.45
Offsetting governmental collections—Jordan
Debt Forgiveness .............................................. ................... ...................
88.90
88.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
Change in receivables from program accounts ............

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
89.00 Financing authority ........................................................
90.00 Financing disbursements ...............................................

–332
6

–31
–39

–309
48

81
58

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans .............................................
1150

Total direct loan obligations .....................................

1210
1231
1264

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................
Write-offs for default: Other adjustments, net .............

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

Investments and loans ..................................................
Interest and dividends ...................................................

270
25

328
14

219
15

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

295

342

234

DEBT REDUCTION—PROGRAM ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
–204
–5
–38
–18
–265
24

–7
–25

Identification code 12–2279–0–1–151

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
3
3
3
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
3
3
3
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
3
3
3

73.10

1995 actual

303
303

1996 est.

291

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ........................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

219
219

849
1,024
186
270
–11 ...................

1,294
191
–46

1,294

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................

1997 est.

291

1,024

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

87.00

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4049–0–3–151

1995 actual

33.0
43.0

1,439

Debt reduction is authorized for P.L. 480 Title I under
Title VI of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended. Debt reduction for outstanding
Title I direct credit as of January 1, 1990, is authorized for
Latin American and Caribbean countries which meet certain

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

eligibility requirements including pursuing economic reform
programs with the International Monetary Fund and World
Bank, placing into effect major investment reforms in conjunction with an InterAmerican Development Bank Loan and,
if applicable, arranging with its commercial bank lenders a
debt service reduction. In fiscal year 1993, the U.S. government signed debt reduction agreements with El Salvador and
Uruguay reducing P.L. 480 Title I debt outstanding by 80%
and 40%, respectively.

P.L. 480 TITLE I FOOD

PROGRESS CREDITS, PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2273–0–1–151

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ...................
38
Receipts:
02.01 Downward reestimates of subsidies .............................. ...................
38 ...................
04.00
07.99

DEBT REDUCTION—FINANCING ACCOUNT

Total: Balances and collections .................................... ...................
Total balance, end of year ............................................ ...................

38
38

38
38

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2273–0–1–151

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.07
00.08

1995 actual

Identification code 12–4143–0–3–151

FOR

235

1996 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.02 Interest on debt to Treasury ..........................................

2

2

2

10.00

2

2

2

Total obligations ........................................................

Obligations by program activity:
Technical reestimate of subsidy ....................................
Technical reestimate of interest ....................................

81 ................... ...................
3 ................... ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

84 ................... ...................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

1
1
1
84 ................... ...................

1997 est.

21.40
22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New financing authority (gross) ....................................
New obligations .............................................................

2
–2

2
–2

2
–2

23.90
23.95
24.40

67.15

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................

2

2

2

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

2
–2

2
–2

2
–2

60.05

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (indefinite) ...............................................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

85
1
1
–84 ................... ...................
1

1

1

84 ................... ...................

72.40

Outlays (gross), detail:
87.00 Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

2

2

2

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.40
Principal Collections .............................................

–1

–1

–2

88.90

–1

–1

68
28 ...................
84 ................... ...................
–124
–28 ...................

–2

89.00
90.00

Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

1
2

1 ...................
1 ...................

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4143–0–3–151

1996 est.

1997 est.

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................

67
–1

66
–1

65
–2

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

66

65

63

1499

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

67
–35

66
–33

65
–33

63
–33

32

33

32

30

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
2103 Federal liabilities: Debt ...........................

32

33

32

30

32

33

32

30

2999

32

33

32

30

Total liabilities ....................................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

84 ................... ...................
40
28 ...................
124

28 ...................

84 ................... ...................
124
28 ...................

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
millions of dollars)

Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
Subsidy budget authority ...............................................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays ..............................................................
1330

1349

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)

ASSETS:
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
1401
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
1405
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

Identification code 12–2273–0–1–151

1210
1251

Identification code 12–4143–0–3–151

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
Outlays from permanent balances ................................

87.00

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

86.97
86.98

28 ................... ...................

Total subsidy outlays ................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

84

28 ...................

40

28 ...................

40

28 ...................

As part of a comprehensive package of U.S. assistance for
Russia announced by the President in April 1993,
$385,000,000 was transferred from CCC to Food for Progress
under provisions of the Secretary of Agriculture’s Interchange
Authority (7 U.S.C. 2257) for commodity and related transportation assistance.
Sales under the credit portion of the Food for Progress
program for Russia carry a term of fifteen years, including
a seven-year grace period. The interest rates are three percent
during the grace period and four percent thereafter. Funding
for commodity and ocean freight financing is under P.L. 480
Title I FFP and is subject to credit reform budgeting. All
shipments were completed in 1995.

236

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

Credit accounts—Continued
1106

P.L. 480 TITLE I FOOD

FOR PROGRESS
ACCOUNT

CREDITS, FINANCING
1401
1405

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–4078–0–3–151

1996 est.

1499

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
00.02 Interest to Treasury on borrowings ................................

19

4

3

10.00

19

4

3

Total obligations ........................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
93
77
22.00 New financing authority (gross) ....................................
103
4
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
–57 ...................
22.40 Capital transfer to general fund ................................... ...................
–77
22.60 Redemption of debt .......................................................
–43 ...................
Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

New financing authority (gross), detail:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) .....................................
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
67.15

68.90
70.00

96
–19

4
–4

...................
3
...................
...................
...................

77 ................... ...................

100
–43

13
–9

13
–10

4

3

Total new financing authority (gross) ......................

103

4

3

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance .............................................................
68
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
19
73.20 Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................
–52
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
–92
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
57
74.90 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Fund balance ............................................................. ...................

88.90
88.95

89.00
90.00

................... ...................
4
3
–4
–3
................... ...................
................... ...................
................... ...................

52

4

3

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
Outstanding, start of year .............................................
Disbursements: Direct loan disbursements ...................

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

437
–240

508
–351

508
–351

508
–351

197

157

157

157

290

261

157

157

..................
233
68

11
225
27

..................
225
..................

..................
225
..................

263

225

225

–11

–2

–68

–68

3999

Total net position ................................

–11

–2

–68

–68

4999

Total liabilities and net position ............

290

261

157

157

EXPENSES, PUBLIC LAW 480, FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS,
AGRICULTURE, LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–2274–0–1–151

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.60 Redemption of debt .......................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

63 ................... ...................
86 ................... ...................
–451 ................... ...................

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
–302 ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Spending authority from offsetting collections:
Offsetting collections (cash):
68.00
Offsetting collections (cash) ................................
537
501
68.00
Offsetting collections—Treasury Debt Restructuring Program account ................................... ................... ...................
68.47
Portion applied to debt reduction .............................
–451
–501
68.90

482
7
–489

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

86 ................... ...................

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

86 ................... ...................

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
U.S. Securities: Unrealized discounts .......................
–7 ................... ...................
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
7 ................... ...................
74.92 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
U.S. Securities: Unrealized discounts ....................... ................... ................... ...................
72.92

–84 ................... ...................
–4 ................... ...................
–12
–13
–13

87.00
3
–48

–9
–9

–10
–10

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources—Treasury Debt Restructuring
Program Account ..............................................
88.40
Principal and interest collections .........................

–22 ...................
–512
–501

–7
–482

456
508
508
52 ................... ...................

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–534

–501

–489

508

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

–448
–534

–501
–501

–489
–489

1995 actual

1210
1231

..................

301

70.00

Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4078–0–3–151

..................

Total liabilities ....................................
NET POSITION:
3600 Other ........................................................

23.90
23.95

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................
–100
–13
–13
Change in receivables from program accounts ............ ................... ................... ...................
Net financing authority and financing disbursements:
Financing authority ........................................................
Financing disbursements ...............................................

27

21.40
57

Offsets:
Against gross financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources: Payments from program account .................................................................
88.25
Interest on uninvested funds ...............................
88.40
Interest collections ................................................

2999

46 ................... ...................

Spending authority from offsetting collections
(total) ................................................................

Outlays (gross), detail:
Total financing disbursements (gross) .........................

Total assets ........................................
LIABILITIES:
Federal liabilities:
2102
Interest payable ..................................
2103
Debt .....................................................
2105
Other ...................................................

68

3
–3

72.90

87.00

Net present value of assets related
to direct loans ...........................

1999

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Investments in US securities:
Receivables, net .............................
Net value of assets related to post–
1991 direct loans receivable:
Direct loans receivable, gross ............
Allowance for subsidy cost (–) ...........

1996 est.

508

1997 est.

508

Balance Sheet (in millions of dollars)
Status of Direct Loans (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–4078–0–3–151

ASSETS:
Federal assets:
1101
Fund balances with Treasury .............

1994 actual

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.
Identification code 12–2274–0–1–151

25

77

..................

..................

Cumulative balance of direct loans outstanding:
1210 Outstanding, start of year .............................................

1995 actual

10,815

1996 est.

10,697

1997 est.

10,425

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
1251
1263

Repayments: Repayments and prepayments .................
Write-offs for default: Direct loans ...............................

1290

Outstanding, end of year ..........................................

–275
–272
157 ...................
10,697

10,425

–272
17
10,170

Program Activities
[In millions of dollars]

1995 actual

Ocean freight differential (title I) ...............................................
Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad
(title II) ....................................................................................
Commodies supplied in connection with dispositions abroad
(title III) ...................................................................................
Total program level ........................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

24

25

14

882

821

837

110

50

40

1,016

896

891

RECONCILIATION OF PROGRAM LEVEL TO PROGRAM COSTS FUNDED BY P.L. 480 OR
CCC
[In millions of dollars]

Title I
Commodity costs .........................................................................
Ocean freight differential and ocean transportation .................

1995 actual

270
24

1996 est.

291
25

1997 est.

219
14

Total program level, current year ..................................
Prior year obligations financed ...................................................
Obligations financed in succeeding years ..................................

294
425
–416

316
373
–269

233
235
–210

Total program costs, funded program level ..................

303

420

258

Commodity costs .........................................................................
Ocean and inland transportation ................................................

521
361

538
283

539
298

Total program level, current year ..................................
Prior year obligations financed ...................................................
Current year obligations financed in succeeding years .............

882
305
–318

821
259
–295

837
299
–301

Total program costs, funded program level ..................

869

785

835

Commodity costs .........................................................................
Ocean and inland transportation ................................................

71
39

36
14

29
11

Total program level, current year ..................................
Prior year obligations financed ...................................................
Current year obligations financed in succeeding years .............

110
191
–116

50
111
–35

40
39
–28

Total program costs, funded program level ..................

185

126

51

Title II

Title III

Financing sales of agricultural commodities to developing
countries for dollars on credit terms, or for local currencies
(including for local currencies on credit terms) for use under
sec. 104; and for furnishing commodities to carry out the Food
for Progress Act of 1985, as amended (title I).—Funds appropriated for P.L. 480 are used to finance all sales made pursuant to agreements concluded under the authority of Title I.
The Corporation may serve as the purchasing or shipping
agent, or both, for the importing country or may award contracts for freight agent services on behalf of the Corporation
to handle shipping of commodities under P.L. 480.
Sales are made to developing countries as defined in section
402(4) of P.L. 480 and must not displace expected commercial
sales (secs. 403(e) and (h)). Agreements are made with developing countries for delivery in accordance with the terms
of the agreement.
When U.S.-flag vessels are required to ship commodities
under this title, the Corporation will pay the difference between U.S.-flag rates and foreign-flag rates. In limited cases,
full transportation costs to port-of-entry or point-of-entry
abroad may be included along with the cost of the commodity
in the amount financed by CCC in order to ensure that U.S.
food aid can reach the most needy recipients.
Financing sales of agricultural commodities for dollars on
credit terms (title I).—Payment by recipient countries may
be made over a period of not less than 10 nor more than

237

30 years with a deferral of principal payments for up to
7 years. Interest accrues at a concessional rate as determined
appropriate.
Section 411 of P.L. 480 authorizes the President to waive
payments of principal and interest under dollar credit sales
agreements for countries that meet certain enumerated requirements. Such debt relief may be provided only if the
President notifies Congress and may not exceed the amount
approved for such purpose in an Act appropriating funds to
carry out P.L. 480.
Financing sales of agricultural commodities for local currency, including for local currency on credit terms.—Payment
by a recipient country may be made in local currencies for
use in carrying out activities under section 104 of P.L. 480.
Foreign currency received in payment for credit extended
may be used for payment of U.S. obligations abroad, subject
to the appropriation process. The P.L. 480 program is reimbursed for the dollar value of currencies so used.
The financing of sales of agricultural commodities for local
currencies on credit terms is subject to the same terms that
are applicable to dollar credit financing.
Furnishing commodities to carry out the Food for Progress
Act of 1985, as amended (title I).—Funds appropriated to
carry out title I may be used to furnish commodities to carry
out the Food for Progress Act of 1985. Such commodities
may be furnished on credit terms or on a grant basis in
order to assist developing countries and countries that are
emerging democracies that have made a commitment to introduce and expand free enterprise elements in their agricultural
economies.
Total title I agreements made since inception of the program to September 30, 1995 amount to $21,131.9 million
cost value, including ocean freight for shipments on U.S. flagships. Major commodities are wheat, cotton, oils, rice, and
feed grains. Payments received during the period amount to
$8,415.4 million, of which $4,742 million was applied to principal and $3,673.4 million to interest. The following table
reflects the composition of the combined appropriations (in
millions of dollars):
SALES FOR DOLLARS ON CREDIT TERMS
[In millions of dollars]

Item:
Expenses of shipments (Title I):
Commodity costs:
Long-term credit ............................................................

1995 actual

270

291

219

Total commodity costs ..........................................

270

291

219

1996 est.

1997 est.

Ocean freight and freight differential (support of U.S.
Merchant Marine):
Long-term credit ............................................................

24

25

14

Total ocean freight and freight differential .........

24

25

14

Total expenses of shipments ..................................................

294

316

233

Prior years’ costs or funds brought or carried forward:
1994: Funds: Long-term credit ...............................................
–398 .................... ....................
1995: Funds: Long-term credit ...............................................
341
–341 ....................
1996: Funds: Long-term credit ............................................... ....................
261
–261
1997: Funds: Long-term credit ............................................... .................... ....................
207
Appropriation—Title I loan subsidy ............................................
237
236
179
Appropriation—Ocean freight differential ..................................

28

25

14

Title I credit not subsidized through appropriation ...................

33

55

40

Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad (title II).—Under title II, agricultural commodities are
furnished to meet famine or other emergency relief needs,
combat malnutrition, carry out activities to alleviate the
causes of hunger, mortality and morbidity, promote economic
and community development, promote sound environmental

238

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
1995: Funds ............................................................................
128
–128 ....................
1996: Funds ............................................................................ ....................
128
–128
1997: Funds ............................................................................ .................... ....................
128

Credit accounts—Continued
EXPENSES, PUBLIC LAW 480, FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS,
AGRICULTURE, LIQUIDATING ACCOUNT—Continued

Appropriation or estimate ..............................................

practices, and carry out feeding programs. Agricultural commodities are provided through governments for emergencies
only, and for non-emergencies through public and private
agencies, including intergovernmental organizations.
The Corporation is authorized to pay the costs of acquisition, packaging, processing, enrichment, preservation, fortification, transportation, handling, and other incidental costs
incurred up to the time of delivery at U.S. ports. The Corporation also pays ocean freight charges, and pays transportation
costs to points of entry other than ports in the case of landlocked countries, where carriers to a specific country are not
available, where ports cannot be used effectively, or where
a substantial savings in costs or time can be effected, and
pays general average contributions arising from ocean transport. In addition, transportation costs from designated points
of entry or ports of entry abroad to storage and distribution
sites and associated storage and distribution costs may be
paid for commodities made available to meet urgent and extraordinary relief requirements.
Through September 30, 1995, appropriations totaling
$26,689 million were authorized. Any incidental sales proceeds and proceeds from loss, damage, and other claims are
applied against costs to reflect a reduction in appropriation
requests. The following table reflects the composition of the
appropriations (in thousands of dollars):
COMMODITIES SUPPLIED IN CONNECTION WITH DISPOSITIONS ABROAD

[In millions of dollars]

50

40

Trust Funds
MISCELLANEOUS CONTRIBUTED FUNDS
Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–8232–0–7–352

1996 est.

1997 est.

Balance, start of year:
Balance, start of year .................................................... ................... ................... ...................
Receipts:
02.01 Deposits of miscellaneous contributed funds, International Cooperation and Development ....................
3
4
4
Appropriation:
05.01 Miscellaneous contributed funds ...................................
–3
–4
–4
07.99 Total balance, end of year ............................................ ................... ................... ...................
01.99

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–8232–0–7–352

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................

1

1

1

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

3
3

3
3

3
3

6
–1

6
–1

6
–1

3

3

3

10.00

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

(TITLE II)

122

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

Item:
Expenses of shipments:
Commodity Credit Corporation stocks and other costs
in connection with commodities supplied .....................
Ocean transportation ..........................................................

1995 actual

504
366

538
283

538
299

60.27

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation (trust fund, indefinite) ............................

3

4

4

Total program costs .......................................................

870

821

837

73.10
73.20

Change in unpaid obligations:
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

1
–3

1
–3

1
–3

86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

3

4

4

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3

3

3

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3
3

3
3

3
3

1996 est.

1997 est.

Prior years’ costs or funds brought or carried forward:
1994: Funds: Long-term credit ...............................................
–307 .................... ....................
1995: Funds: Long-term credit ...............................................
337
–337 ....................
1996: Funds: Long-term credit ............................................... ....................
337
–337
1997: Funds: Long-term credit ............................................... .................... ....................
337
Appropriation or estimate ..............................................

900

821

837

Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad (title III).—Under title III, agricultural commodities
are furnished to least developed countries as defined in section 302(a). They are provided through foreign governments
for direct feeding, development of emergency food reserves
or may be sold with the proceeds of such sale used by the
recipient country for specific economic development purposes.
The Corporation may pay, in connection with furnishing
commodities under title III, the same cost items as authorized
under title II. The following table reflects the composition
of the appropriations (in thousands of dollars):

Miscellaneous funds are received from other Federal agencies, international organizations, and from Saudi Arabia,
Spain, and developing countries, for USDA development assistance and international research projects (22 U.S.C. 2392).
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–8232–0–7–352

41.0

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct obligations: Grants, subsidies, and contributions ...........................................................................

1

1

1

Total obligations ........................................................

1

1

1

COMMODITIES SUPPLIED IN CONNECTION WITH DISPOSITIONS ABROAD
99.9

(TITLE III)
[In millions of dollars]

1995 Actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Item:
Expenses of shipments:
Commodity Credit Corporation stocks and other costs
in connections with commodities supplied ...................
Ocean transportatioan ........................................................

150
35

36
14

29
11

Total program costs .......................................................

185

50

40

Prior years’ costs or funds brought or carried forward:
1994: Funds ............................................................................

FOOD AND CONSUMER SERVICE
Federal Funds

–191 .................... ....................

General and special funds:
FOOD PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION
For necessary administrative expenses of the domestic food programs funded under this Act, ø$107,769,000¿ $110,982,000, of which
$5,000,000 shall be available only for simplifying procedures, reducing

FOOD AND CONSUMER SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
overhead costs, tightening regulations, improving food stamp coupon
handling, and assistance in the prevention, identification, and prosecution of fraud and other violations of law; and of which $3,000,000
shall be for investing in an automated data processing infrastructure
for the Food and Consumer Service: Provided, That this appropriation
shall be available for employment pursuant to the second sentence
of section 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and
not to exceed $150,000 shall be available for employment under 5
U.S.C. 3109. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

239

99.0

Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

1

1

1

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

107

109

112

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3508–0–1–605

1001
1005

Total compensable workyears:
Full-time equivalent employment ..................................
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours

1,692
1

1996 est.

1997 est.

1,692
1

1,692
1

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3508–0–1–605

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

THE CENTER

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Food Program Administration ....................................
106
108
00.02
ADP Infrastructure ..................................................... ................... ...................

108
3

00.91

111

106

03.02

Subtotal .................................................................
Reimbursable program:
Other ..........................................................................

108

1

1

1

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

107

109

FOR

NUTRITION POLICY

AND

PROMOTION

For necessary expenses for the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion to develop and implement programs to strengthen nutrition
research information and education in the United States, $4,470,000:
Provided, That this appropriation shall be available for employment
pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of the Organic Act
of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), and not to exceed $150,000 shall be available
for employment under 5 U.S.C. 3109.

112

THE CENTER
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
23.95 New obligations .............................................................

106
–107

108
–109

FOR

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

AND

PROMOTION

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

111
–112

Identification code 12–3506–0–1–605

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

NUTRITION POLICY

106

108

111

00.01
00.02

1

1

1

106

108

111

01.92
02.01

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
The Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion ............. ................... ...................
Nutrition Promotion Initiative ........................................ ................... ...................

2
2

Subtotal, Direct Programs ......................................... ................... ...................
4
Reimbursable Program .................................................. ...................
2 ...................

10.00
Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

11
107
–109

9
109
–107

11
112
–111

9

11

12

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

2

4

22.00
23.95

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ...................

2
–2

4
–4

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

99
9
1

98
9
1

101
10
1

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
4
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................
2 ...................

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

109

107

111

70.00

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources

–1

–1

–1

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

105
107

107
106

110
110

89.00
90.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

87.00

11.1
11.3
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1996 est.

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority .............................. ................... ...................
4
Outlays from new permanent authority ......................... ...................
2 ...................
Total outlays (gross) ................................................. ...................

2

4

1997 est.

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.00
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Federal sources ...................
73
2
1

76
2
1

77
3
1

76
15
3

79
15
3

81
16
3

25.2
26.0
31.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................

3
6
1
2

3
6
1
1

4
4
1
2

99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................

106

108

111

11.9
12.1
21.0
23.3

4

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation ............................................................. ...................
1 ...................
73.10 New obligations ............................................................. ...................
2
4
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ...................................................... ...................
–2
–4
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
1 ................... ...................

86.90
86.97

1995 actual

2

72.40

Food program administration funds the Federal operating
expenses of the Food and Consumer Service.

Identification code 12–3508–0–1–605

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ...................

89.00
90.00

–2 ...................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ...................
Outlays ...........................................................................
–1 ...................

4
4

The Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion is charged
with the linking of nutrition science with the needs of American consumers and to coordinate nutrition promotion policy
analysis.
The Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion was funded
within the Food Program Administration account in FY1996.

240

FOOD AND CONSUMER SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued
68.00

THE CENTER

FOR

NUTRITION POLICY

AND

PROMOTION—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3506–0–1–605

70.00
1996 est.

1997 est.

Permanent:
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ...................

30

30

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

28,806

27,628

30,019

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

418
25,576
–25,554

440
26,353
–26,376

417
27,519
–27,504

440

417

432

72.40

11.1
25.2

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent ........ ................... ...................
Other services ............................................................ ................... ...................

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations .................................. ................... ...................
4
Reimbursable obligations .............................................. ...................
2 ...................

2
2

86.90
86.93

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

2

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

25,136
418

26,060
316

27,207
297

87.00

99.9

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

25,554

26,376

27,504

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
88.40
Offsetting collections (cash) from: Non-Federal
sources .................................................................. ...................

–30

–30

27,598
26,346

29,989
27,474

4

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–3506–0–1–605

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Direct:
Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ................... ...................
35
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................
5
35 ...................
1001

89.00
90.00

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Properly issued benefits ............................................
00.02
Estimated State erroneous issuances .......................
00.03
State administration .................................................
00.04
Employment and training program ...........................
00.05
Other ..........................................................................
00.06
Puerto Rico ................................................................
00.91
01.01

28,806
25,554

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

FOOD STAMP PROGRAM
For necessary expenses to carry out the Food Stamp Act (7 U.S.C.
2011–2029), ø$27,597,828,000¿ $29,988,755,000: Provided, That funds
provided herein shall remain available through September 30, ø1996¿
1997, in accordance with section 18(a) of the Food Stamp Act: Provided further, That ø$500,000,000¿ $2,500,000,000 of the foregoing
amount shall be placed in reserve for use only in such amounts
and at such times as may become necessary to carry out program
operations: Provided further, That funds provided herein shall be
expended in accordance with section 16 of the Food Stamp Act: Provided further, That this appropriation shall be subject to any work
registration or workfare requirements as may be required by law:
Provided further, That $1,143,000,000 of the foregoing amount shall
be available for nutrition assistance for Puerto Rico as authorized
by 7 U.S.C. 2028.
For necessary expenses to carry out the Food Stamp Act for the
first quarter of fiscal year 1998, $6,400,000,000, to remain available
through September 30, 1998. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food
and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
1996.)

Identification code 12–3505–0–1–605

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

20,907
1,744
1,537
163
94
1,131

21,422
1,787
1,719
182
70
1,143

22,440
1,872
1,761
185
88
1,143

Total direct program .............................................
25,576
Reimbursable program .................................................. ...................

26,323
30

27,489
30

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

25,576

26,353

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................
Unobligated balance expiring ........................................

28,806
–3,230

27,628
–1,275

30,019
–2,500

1996 est.

1997 est.

11.1

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................

11.9
21.0
22.0
23.3
24.0
25.1
25.2
26.0
31.0
41.0
99.5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
2
3
3
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
1
1
1
Transportation of things ................................................
5
5
6
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
1 ................... ...................
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
27
11
27
Advisory and assistance services ..................................
12
13
14
Other services ................................................................
38
36
36
Supplies and materials .................................................
1 ................... ...................
Equipment ......................................................................
2
1
1
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
25,487
26,283
27,431
Below reporting threshold .............................................. ................... ................... ...................

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

2

25,576

3

26,353

3

27,519

The Food Stamp Program is the primary source of nutrition
assistance for low-income Americans.
Some of these funds provide a grant to Puerto Rico in
lieu of the food stamp program which gives the Commonwealth flexibility to continue a food assistance program tailored to the needs of its low income households.
For information on the President’s legislative proposals to
reform the Food Stamp Program, please refer to the Welfare
Reform Chapter in the 1997 budget for a discussion of these
policies.
Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–3505–0–1–605

1001

1995 actual

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

52

1996 est.

56

1997 est.

56

27,519

22.00
22.30

1995 actual

Identification code 12–3505–0–1–605

CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

25,576
–25,576

26,323
–26,353

27,519
–27,519

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
41.00
Transferred to other accounts ...................................

28,818
27,598
29,989
–12 ................... ...................

43.00

28,806

Appropriation (total) .............................................

27,598

29,989

For necessary expenses to carry out the National School Lunch
Act (42 U.S.C. 1751–1769b), except section 21, and øthe applicable
provisions other than section 21 of the National School Lunch Act
and sections 17 and 19 of¿ the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42
U.S.C. 1772–1785, and 1789); ø$7,946,024,000¿ , except sections 17
and 19; $8,668,668,000, to remain available through September 30,
ø1997¿, 1998, of which ø$2,348,166,000¿ $3,255,215,000 is hereby
appropriated and ø$5,597,858,000¿ $5,413,453,000 shall be derived

FOOD AND CONSUMER SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
by transfer from funds available under section 32 of the Act of August
24, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 612c): Provided, That up to ø$3,964,000¿
$4,031,000 shall be available for independent verification of school
food service claims. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug
Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)
Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3539–0–1–605

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

73.45
74.40

–130

241

Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

–39 ...................

1,270

1,139

1,255

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

717
1,528
5,254

1,296
1,319
5,618

2,002
1,139
5,434

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

7,499

8,233

8,573

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

7,477
7,499

7,966
8,233

8,689
8,573

Obligations by program activity:
School lunch program:
00.01
Above 185% of poverty .............................................
00.02
130–185% of poverty ...............................................
00.03
Below 130% of poverty .............................................

298
399
3,780

342
446
3,905

358
466
4,081

89.00
90.00

00.91

4,477

4,693

4,905

31
55
1,096

30
54
1,076

33
59
1,173

Payments are made for cash and commodity meal subsidies
through the School Lunch, School Breakfast, Summer Food
Service, and Child and Adult Care Food programs.

1,182

1,160

1,265

639
42
764
21

687
45
819
27

753
50
907
29

01.01
01.02
01.03
01.91
02.01
02.02
02.03
02.04
02.91
03.01
03.02
03.03
03.04
04.01
04.02
04.03
04.04
04.05
04.06
05.01
05.02
05.03
05.04

Subtotal, school lunch ..............................................
School breakfast program:
Above 185% of poverty .............................................
130–185% of poverty ...............................................
Below 130% of poverty .............................................
Subtotal, school breakfast ........................................
Child and adult care feeding program:
Above 185% of poverty .............................................
130–185% of poverty ...............................................
Below 130% of poverty .............................................
Audits ........................................................................

Subtotal, child and adult care feeding ....................
1,466
1,578
1,739
Summer feeding .............................................................
256
265
289
Special milk program ....................................................
21
18
18
State administrative expenses ......................................
93
98
109
Commodity procurement ................................................
260
272
306
Discretionary activities:
School meals initiative ..............................................
13
18
18
Coordinated review and disabled child grants ........
4
4
4
Nutrition studies and surveys ...................................
3
4
4
Nutrition education, training and food service
mgmt. inst. ...........................................................
12 ................... ...................
Computer support and processing ............................
7
7
7
Demonstrations ..............................................................
4
4
4
Activities with permanent appropriations:
Homeless children nutrition program .......................
2
3
3
Boarder babies and information clearinghouse .......
1 ...................
1
Nutrition education, training and food service
mgmt. inst. ........................................................... ...................
12
12
School breakfast and summer food service program
start-up grants .....................................................
4
5
5

05.91

Subtotal, activities with permanent appropriations

7

20

21

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

7,805

8,141

8,689

436
7,477

136 ...................
7,966
8,689

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

130
39 ...................
–102 ................... ...................
7,941
–7,805

8,141
–8,141

8,689
–8,689

136 ................... ...................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
Appropriation:
40.00
Appropriation .........................................................
40.00
Appropriation .........................................................

2,202
2,348
3,255
18 ................... ...................

43.00

2,220

2,348

3,255

60.00
62.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................
Permanent:
Appropriation .............................................................
Transferred from other accounts ..............................

8
5,249

20
5,598

21
5,413

63.00

Appropriation (total) .............................................

5,257

5,618

5,434

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

7,477

7,966

8,689

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................

1,092
7,805
–7,499

1,270
8,141
–8,233

1,139
8,689
–8,573

72.40

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

Identification code 12–3539–0–1–605

11.1
11.9
12.1
24.0
25.1
25.2
26.0

Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent ..................................................

41.0
99.5

1997 est.

4

Total obligations ........................................................

4

4

4
1
2
11
5

Total personnel compensation ..............................
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Advisory and assistance services ..................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials (grants of commodities to
states) .......................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................
Below reporting threshold ..............................................

99.9

1996 est.

4
1
2
11
5

4
1
2
11
5

260
272
306
7,521
7,846
8,360
1 ................... ...................
7,805

8,141

8,689

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–3539–0–1–605

1001

1995 actual

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM
AND CHILDREN (WIC)

118

FOR

1996 est.

118

1997 est.

118

WOMEN, INFANTS,

For necessary expenses to carry out the special supplemental nutrition program as authorized by section 17 of the Child Nutrition
Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1786), ø$3,729,807,000¿ $3,780,000,000, to
remain available through September 30, ø1997¿ 1998: Provided,
øThat for fiscal year 1996, $20,000,000 that would otherwise be available to States for nutrition services and administration shall be made
available for food benefits: Provided further, That $4,000,000 from
unobligated balances for supervisory and technical assistance grants
may be transferred to and merged with this account: Provided further,¿ That up to $6,750,000 may be used to carry out the farmers’
market nutrition program from any funds not needed to maintain
current caseload levels: Provided further, That none of the funds
in this Act shall be available to pay administrative expenses of WIC
clinics except those that have an announced policy of prohibiting
smoking within the space used to carry out the program: øProvided
further, That once the amount for fiscal year 1995 carryover funds
has been determined by the Secretary, any funds in excess of
$100,000,000 may be transferred by the Secretary of Agriculture to
the Rural Utilities Assistance Program and shall remain available
until expended:¿ Provided further, That none of the funds provided
in this account shall be available for the purchase of infant formula
except in accordance with the cost containment and competitive bidding requirements specified in section 17 of the Child Nutrition Act
of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1786). In addition, $100,000,000, to remain available through September 30, 1997, which shall be placed in reserve
for use only in such amounts, and in such manner, as the Secretary
determines necessary, notwithstanding section 17(i) of the Child Nutrition Act, to provide funds for food benefits, should food cost increases exceed budget estimates. (Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1996.)

242

FOOD AND CONSUMER SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS,
AND CHILDREN (WIC)—Continued

10.00

Obligations by program activity:
Total obligations ............................................................

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
23.90
23.95

40.00
41.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................

1995 actual

1997 est.

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Commodity supplemental food program:
00.01
Commodity procurement ............................................
00.02
Administrative costs ..................................................

68
21

66
17

77
15

3,450

3,830

3,880

140
136
–3 ...................

195
–100

3,830
–3,830

83

92

40
25

32
14

38
17

02.92
03.01

Subtotal, the emergency food assistance program
Commodities for soup kitchens .....................................

65
40

46
34

55
41

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

194

163

188

3,975

3,694

3,587
–3,587

Subtotal, commodity supplemental food program
The emergency food assistance program:
Administrative costs ..................................................
Commodity Procurement ............................................

89

02.01
02.02

3,587

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
3,450
Transferred to other accounts ....................................... ...................

3,975
–3,975

3,730
3,880
–36 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

3,450

3,694

3,880

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

3,450

3,694

3,880

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

1996 est.

01.92

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3510–0–1–605

1995 actual

Identification code 12–3507–0–1–605

72.40

305
3,587
–3,404
–140

348
3,830
–3,687
–136

355
3,975
–3,826
–195

348

355

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................

17
13
16
190
166
172
–1 ................... ...................
206
–194

179
–163

188
–188

13

16 ...................

85
65
40

86
46
34

76
55
41

309

43.00

3,119
285

3,426
261

3,471
355

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

3,404

3,687

3,826

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

3,450
3,404

3,694
3,687

3,880
3,826

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
1995 actual

166

172

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

190

166

172

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

21
194
–194

21
163
–166

18
188
–186

21

18

20

72.40

1996 est.

86.90
86.93

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................

173
21

158
8

164
21

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

194

166

186

89.00
90.00

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program (WIC) provides at-risk pregnant and post-partum women, infants, and
children with nutrition assistance, nutrition education and
counseling, and health and immunization referrals.

Identification code 12–3510–0–1–605

190

70.00
Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

190
194

166
166

172
186

1997 est.

25.1
41.0

Advisory and assistance services ..................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

3
3,584

3
3,827

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

3,587

3,830

3,975

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

3
3,972

1995 actual

Identification code 12–3507–0–1–605

1996 est.

1997 est.

26.0
41.0

Supplies and materials .................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

133
61

114
49

134
54

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

194

163

188

COMMODITY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
For necessary expenses to carry out the commodity supplemental
food program as authorized by section 4(a) of the Agriculture and
Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c(note)), øthe Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983, as amended, and section 110
of the Hunger Prevention Act of 1988, $166,000,000¿$76,000,000, to
remain available through September 30, ø1997¿1998: Provided, That
none of these funds shall be available to reimburse the Commodity
Credit Corporation for commodities donated to the program.ø: Provided further, That none of the funds in this Act or any other Act
may be used for demonstration projects in the emergency food assistance program¿.
For necessary expenses to carry out the Emergency Food Assistance
Act of 1983, as amended, and section 110 of the Hunger Prevention
Act of 1988, $96,000,000, to remain available through September 30,
1998. (Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996.)

FOOD DONATIONS PROGRAMS

FOR

SELECTED GROUPS

For necessary expenses to carry out section 4(a) of the Agriculture
and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c (note)), section
4(b) of the Food Stamp Act (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)), and section 311 of
the Older Americans Act of 1965, as amended (42 U.S.C. 3030a),
$215,000,000, to remain available through September 30, ø1997¿
1998: Provided, øThat hereafter notwithstanding any other provision
of law, for meals provided pursuant to the Older Americans Act
of 1965, a maximum rate of reimbursement to States will be established by the Secretary, subject to reduction if obligations would
exceed the amount of available funds, with any unobligated funds
to remain available only for obligation in the fiscal year beginning
October 1, 1996¿ That $150,000,000 shall be transferred to the Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging,

FOREST SERVICE
Federal Funds

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
to support congregate and home delivered meals authorized by the
Older Americans Act of 1965, as amended, in lieu of the program
operated by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 311 of the
Older Americans Act, as amended. (Agriculture, Rural Development,
Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations
Act, 1996.)

FOREST SERVICE
Federal Funds
General and special funds:
NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM
ø(INCLUDING

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3503–0–1–605

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
00.02
00.03

Obligations by program activity:
Commodities in lieu of food stamps .............................
Distributing agency administrative costs .....................
Elderly feeding ...............................................................

40
20
152

45
47
20
18
150 ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

212

215

65

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
28 ................... ...................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
183
215
65
22.10 Resources available from recoveries of prior year obligations .......................................................................
1 ................... ...................
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring ........................................ ................... ................... ...................
21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

40.00
41.00

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
212
215
65
New obligations .............................................................
–212
–215
–65
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ................................................... ................... ................... ...................
New budget authority (gross), detail:
Appropriation ..................................................................
183
215
Transferred to other accounts ....................................... ................... ...................

RESCISSION OF FUNDS)¿

For necessary expenses of the Forest Service, not otherwise provided
for, for management, protection, improvement, and utilization of the
National Forest System, for ecosystem planning, inventory, and monitoring, and for administrative expenses associated with the management of funds provided under the heads ‘‘Forest and Rangeland Research’’, ‘‘State and Private Forestry’’, ‘‘National Forest System’’, ‘‘Reconstruction and Construction’’, ‘‘Wildland Fire Management’’, and
‘‘Land Acquisition Accounts’’, $1,291,553,000, to remain available for
obligation until September 30, 1998, and including 60 per centum
of all monies received during the prior fiscal year as fees collected
under the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965, as amended, in accordance with section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 4601–6a(i)):
Provided, That unobligated and unexpended balances in the National
Forest System account at the end of fiscal year 1996, shall be merged
with and made a part of the fiscal year 1997 National Forest System
appropriation, and shall remain available for obligation until September 30, 1998: Provided further, That up to $5,000,000 of the funds
provided herein for road maintenance shall be available for the
planned obliteration of roads which are no longer needed.
Note.—A regular 1996 appropriation for this account had not been enacted at the time
this budget was prepared. The 1996 amounts included in this budget are based on the
levels provided in three continuing resolutions: P.L. 104–91, P.L. 104–92, and P.L. 104–
99.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
215
–150

Identification code 12–1106–0–1–302

43.00

Appropriation (total) ..................................................

183

215

65

70.00

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

183

215

65

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year:
72.40
Obligated balance: Appropriation .............................

Obligations by program activity:
Direct program:
00.01
Land and resource protection ...................................
00.02
Renewable resource management and utilization
00.03
General administration ..............................................

40

40

38

00.91
01.01
10.00

72.99
73.10
73.20
73.40
73.45
74.40

Total unpaid obligations, start of year ................
New obligations .............................................................
Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
Adjustments in expired accounts ..................................
Adjustments in unexpired accounts ..............................
Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

40
40
38
212
215
65
–209
–217
–91
–2 ................... ...................
–1 ................... ...................
40

38

12

Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority ..............................
86.93 Outlays from current balances ......................................

169
40

177
40

54
38

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

209

217

91

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

183
209

215
217

65
91

Commodity and cash subsidies go to Indian Reservations
and elderly feeding.
As recommended by the National Performance Review and
as proposed in the Older Americans Act Reauthorization, the
1997 budget proposes transferring the Nutrition Program for
the elderly to the Department of Health and Human Services.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–3503–0–1–605

1995 actual

1996 est.

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

232
688
438

217
646
410

223
663
422

Total direct program .............................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

1,358
95

1,273
89

1,308
92

Total obligations ........................................................

1,453

1,362

1,400

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................
22.20 Unobligated balance transferred ...................................

144
1,427
1

119
151
1,374
1,402
20 ...................

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

1,572
–1,453

1,513
–1,362

1,553
–1,400

119

151

153

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

1,338

1,256

1,292

4

29

18

85

89

92

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

1,427

1,374

1,402

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

152
1,453
–1,401

204
1,362
–1,330

236
1,400
–1,399

204

236

237

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
1,164
1,093
Outlays from current balances ......................................
152
123
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................
85
114
Outlays from permanent balances ................................ ................... ...................

1,124
163
108
4

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
62.00
Transferred from other accounts ..............................
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

72.40

1997 est.

41.0

Supplies and materials (grants of commodities to
States) .......................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

47
165

52
163

47
18

86.90
86.93
86.97
86.98

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

212

215

65

87.00

26.0

243

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

1,401

1,330

1,399

244

FOREST SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

General and special funds—Continued

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM—Continued
ø(INCLUDING

RESCISSION OF FUNDS)¿—Continued

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1106–0–1–302

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1106–0–1–302

1996 est.

1997 est.

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–68
–17

–73
–16

–72
–20

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–85

–89

–92

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

1,342
1,316

1,285
1,241

1,310
1,307

The 156 National Forests, 20 National Grasslands, and 9
land utilization projects located in 44 States, Puerto Rico
and the Virgin Islands are managed under multiple use and
sustained yield principles. The natural resources of timber,
minerals, range, wildlife, outdoor recreation, watershed, and
soil are utilized in a planned combination that will best meet
the needs of the Nation, without impairing productivity of
the land or damaging the environment. These management
and utilization principles are recognized in the Multiple-Use
Sustained-Yield Act of 1960 (16 U.S.C. 528–531) and utilize
an ecological approach to managing the National Forest System.
Land and resource protection.—Provides for the protection
and/or maintenance of National Forest System users, resources, lands and facilities, including roads and trails.
Renewable resource management and utilization.—Provides
for the management and utilization of the timber, mineral,
range, recreation, wildlife, fisheries, watershed, and soil resources on National Forest System lands.
General administration.—This activity provides line management and administrative support to programs financed
from National Forest System, Construction, Forest research,
State and Private forestry, Forest Service fire protection,
Emergency Forest Service firefighting fund and Land acquisition appropriations.

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.1
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0
41.0
42.0
44.0
99.0
99.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

Total receipts .................................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

597
86
20

611
89
20

Total personnel compensation .........................
640
703
720
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
164
180
184
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
24
26
27
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
48
32
31
Transportation of things ...........................................
13
9
9
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
21
21
21
Rental payments to others ........................................
23
15
16
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
31
21
22
Printing and reproduction .........................................
7
5
5
Advisory and assistance services .............................
1
1
1
Other services ............................................................
251
168
175
Supplies and materials .............................................
66
44
46
Equipment .................................................................
51
34
36
Land and structures ..................................................
9
6
7
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
2 ...................
2
Insurance claims and indemnities ...........................
4
2
3
Refunds ..................................................................... ...................
3 ...................
1,355
95

1,270
89

1,305
92

11.1
11.3

2
1

2
1

2
1

11.9

Total personnel compensation .........................

3

3

3

99.0

Subtotal, allocation account—direct obligations

3

3

3

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

1,453

1,362

1,400

Personnel Summary
1995 actual

Identification code 12–1106–0–1–302

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

1996 est.

1997 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

21,383
354

21,828
389

22,034
380

..............................
and holiday hours

426
28

467
31

467
31

RECONSTRUCTION

1995 actual

1997 est.

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
Allocation Account—Direct Obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................

MAIN WORKLOAD FACTORS
Description:
Area administered and protected (million acres) ..................
Timber sales prepared and offered (billion board feet)
Timber volume harvested (billion board feet) ........................
Reforestation (thousand acres) (appropriated) ......................
Timber stand improvement (thousand acres) (appropriated)
Landline location (miles) ........................................................
Recreation management: Seasonal capacity available (MM
Total People Days) ..............................................................
Wildlife and fisheries habitat management (thousand
acres) ..................................................................................
Grazing use (million head months permitted) .......................
Soil and water resource improvements (thousand acres)
Receipts (in thousands of dollars):
Timber sales ...........................................................................
Minerals ..................................................................................
Grazing ....................................................................................
Recreation admission and user fees ......................................
Other .......................................................................................
National grasslands and land utilization:
Grazing ....................................................................................
Minerals ..................................................................................
Other .......................................................................................
Oregon and California grant lands .............................................

543
79
18

1996 est.

AND

CONSTRUCTION

For necessary expenses of the Forest Service, not otherwise provided
for, $169,662,000, to remain available until expended, for construction,
reconstruction, and acquisition of buildings and other facilities; and
for construction, reconstruction, and repair of forest roads and trails
by the Forest Service as authorized by 16 U.S.C. 532–538 and 23
U.S.C. 101 and 205: Provided, That the part of the Act of March
4, 1913 (16 U.S.C. 501) entitled ‘‘Expenditures from Receipts for Roads
and Trails’’ is hereby repealed: Provided further, That not to exceed
$50,000,000, to remain available until expended, may be obligated
for the construction of forest roads by timber pruchasers.

192
4.0
3.9
136
141
2,098

192
4.5
4.4
68
138
940

192
4.2
4.0
103
36
940

168

170

170

8.3
108
33

8.3
102
17

8.3
111
17

294,222
1,444
7,780
46,321
11,250

288,954
1,400
6,535
46,274
8,512

277,988
1,400
6,535
46,274
8,512

975
19,219
208
10,900

730
16,000
450
10,900

730
16,000
450
10,900

00.01
00.02

Obligations by program activity:
Construction of facilities ...............................................
Road and trail construction ..........................................

77
130

65
108

69
153

00.91
01.01

Total construction ......................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

207
6

173
5

222
5

392,319

379,735

368,789

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

213

178

227

Note.—A regular 1996 appropriation for this account had not been enacted at the time
this budget was prepared. The 1996 amounts included in this budget are based on the
levels provided in three continuing resolutions: P.L. 104–91, P.L. 104–92, and P.L. 104–
99.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1103–0–1–302

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

FOREST SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

245

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

21.40

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

84
202

73
169

64
175

286
–213

242
–178

239
–227

73

64

12

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1103–0–1–302

11.1
11.3
11.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1996 est.

1997 est.

58
7
2

64
7
2

63
7
1

67
16
2
3
1
3
1

73
18
3
2
1
3
1

71
18
2
3
1
3
2

24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0

Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Rental payments to others ........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Other services ............................................................
Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Land and structures ..................................................

2
1
1 ...................
68
44
6
4
5
3
32
20

2
1
73
7
5
34

11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.2
23.3

196

164

170

6

5

5

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

202

169

175

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

125
213
–223

115
178
–210

83
227
–161

99.0
99.0

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

207
6

173
5

222
5

115

83

149

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

213

178

227

70.00

72.40

Personnel Summary

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

186
31
6

95
112
5

99
57
5

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

223

210

161

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–5
–5
–5
–1 ................... ...................

88.90

–6

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–5

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime
Reimbursable:
Total compensable workyears:
2001
Full-time equivalent employment
2005
Full-time equivalent of overtime

196
217

164
205

1996 est.

1997 est.

..............................
and holiday hours

1,834
38

1,930
43

1,814
30

..............................
and holiday hours

21
2

21
2

21
2

–5

FOREST
Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority ............................................................
90.00 Outlays ...........................................................................

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1103–0–1–302

170
156

Facilities.—Provides for reconstruction, rehabilitation, upgrade, construction, and acquisition of facilities necessary to:
safely meet recreation demand while protecting environmental values and other resource uses of the National Forests; carry out National Forest and State and private forestry
programs, including fire lookouts, offices, dwellings and barracks for employee housing, service, and storage buildings,
tree nursery buildings, dams, and other forest resource management projects; manage research laboratories and related
facilities, and for procurement and installation of necessary
initial equipment needed to put the facility into operating
condition.
Roads and trails.—Roads and trails are essential to the
protection and management of the National Forest System,
as well as providing access to National Forest System areas
for recreation and utilization of their resources. Of the revenues received annually from National Forest activities, 10
percent is transferred to the General Fund of the Treasury
with a comparable amount appropriated to this account for
road and trail reconstruction and construction activities.
Roads may be constructed and/or reconstructed by a timber
purchaser who in turn receives credit against timber value
as a reimbursement. These roads are those required within
a timber sale area specifically for the removal of the timber,
but which will remain on the National Forest development
road system for resource management purposes after the timber sale contract is completed. (16 U.S.C. 535, 1608)

AND

RANGELAND RESEARCH

For necessary expenses of forest and rangeland research as authorized by law, $179,786,000, to remain available for obligation until
September 30, 1998: Provided, That unobligated and unexpended balances remaining in this account at the end of fiscal year 1996 shall
be merged with and made a part of the fiscal year 1997 Forest and
Rangeland Research appropriation, and shall remain available for
obligation until September 30, 1998.
GIFTS, DONATIONS

AND

BEQUESTS FOR FOREST
RESEARCH

AND

RANGELAND

For expenses authorized by 16 U.S.C. 1643(b), $92,000, to remain
available until expended, to be derived from the fund established
pursuant to the above Act.
Note.—A regular 1996 appropriation for this account had not been enacted at the time
this budget was prepared. The 1996 amounts included in this budget are based on the
levels provided in three continuing resolutions: P.L. 104–91, P.L. 104–92, and P.L. 104–
99.

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1104–0–1–302

00.06
00.07
00.08
00.09

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Obligations by program activity:
Forest and Rangeland Research ................................... ...................
175
182
Research Foundation Program .......................................
116 ................... ...................
Forest Resources & Management Research ..................
65 ................... ...................
Ecosystems Research .....................................................
7 ................... ...................

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

188
22

175
20

182
21

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

210

195

203

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

10
216

14
198

17
201

23.90

226

212

218

21.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation

246

FOREST SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997
26.0
31.0
41.0

GIFTS, DONATIONS

BEQUESTS FOR FOREST
RESEARCH—Continued

AND

AND

RANGELAND

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)—Continued
Identification code 12–1104–0–1–302

23.95
24.40

New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

–210

–195
17

15

7
7
7

4
4
4

5
5
5

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................

188
22

175
20

182
21

99.9

Total obligations ........................................................

210

195

203

–203

14

Supplies and materials .............................................
Equipment .................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................

99.0
99.0

General and special funds—Continued

194

178

180

22

20

21

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

216

198

60
210
–204

67
195
–211

51
203
–200

67

51

54

1995 actual

Identification code 12–1104–0–1–302

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1996 est.

1997 est.

2,554
17

2,751
17

2,648
16

76

71

72

201

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

Personnel Summary

70.00

72.40

STATE

AND

PRIVATE FORESTRY

For necessary expenses of cooperating with, and providing technical
and financial assistance to States, Territories, possessions, and others
and for forest pest management activities, cooperative forestry and
education and land conservation activities, $164,000,000, to remain
available until expended, as authorized by law.

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

173
9
22

137
54
20

139
41
21

Note.—A regular 1996 appropriation for this account had not been enacted at the time
this budget was prepared. The 1996 amounts included in this budget are based on the
levels provided in three continuing resolutions: P.L. 104–91, P.L. 104–92, and P.L. 104–
99.

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

204

211

200

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1105–0–1–302

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................
88.40
Non-Federal sources .............................................

–20
–2

–18
–2

–19
–2

00.05
00.06

Obligations by program activity:
Forest health management ............................................
Cooperative forestry .......................................................

63
103

63
82

54
101

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

–22

–20

–21

00.91
01.01

Total direct program .................................................
Reimbursable program ..................................................

166
3

145
2

155
2

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

194
182

178
191

180
179

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................

169

147

157

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
Unobligated balance available, start of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................
22.00 New budget authority (gross) ........................................

33
175

40
155

48
166

208
–169

195
–147

214
–157

40

48

57

172

153

164

3

2

2

Total new budget authority (gross) ..........................

175

155

166

Change in unpaid obligations:
Unpaid obligations, start of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................
73.10 New obligations .............................................................
73.20 Total outlays (gross) ......................................................
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: Obligated balance:
Appropriation .............................................................

138
169
–179

128
147
–159

116
157
–162

128

116

111

21.40

The mission of Forest and Rangeland Research is to serve
society by developing and communicating the scientific information and technology needed to protect, manage, use, and
sustain the natural resources of the Nation’s 1.6 billion acres
of forests and rangelands. This information is essential for
formulating policy and wisely managing and conserving both
public and private forests and rangelands. Research is the
key to sustaining our forest and rangeland productivity and
health while providing a quality environment. Forest and
Rangeland Research is conducted and disseminated through
seven Forest and Range Experiment Station headquarters
and their laboratories, the Forest Products Laboratory, and
the International Institute of Tropical Forestry.
Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

23.90
23.95
24.40

Total budgetary resources available for obligation
New obligations .............................................................
Unobligated balance available, end of year:
Uninvested balance ...................................................

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation .............................................................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) .....................................
70.00

72.40

Identification code 12–1104–0–1–302

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
22.0
23.1
23.3
24.0
25.5

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................
Total personnel compensation .........................
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
Benefits for former personnel ...................................
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
Transportation of things ...........................................
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
Printing and reproduction .........................................
Research and development contracts .......................

1995 actual

91
9
1

1996 est.

1997 est.

103
10
1

99
10
1

101
114
22
25
3
3
8
4
1 ...................
2
2

110
24
3
4
1
2

5
1
24

2
1
12

4
1
18

86.90
86.93
86.97

Outlays (gross), detail:
Outlays from new current authority ..............................
Outlays from current balances ......................................
Outlays from new permanent authority .........................

150
26
3

130
27
2

139
21
2

87.00

Total outlays (gross) .................................................

179

159

162

Offsets:
Against gross budget authority and outlays:
Offsetting collections (cash) from:
88.00
Federal sources .....................................................

–2

–2

–2

FOREST SERVICE—Continued
Federal Funds—Continued

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
88.40

Non-Federal sources .............................................

88.90

Total, offsetting collections (cash) ..................

89.00
90.00

Net budget authority and outlays:
Budget authority ............................................................
Outlays ...........................................................................

–1 ................... ...................
–3

172
176

–2

153
157

–2

164
160

Summary of Budget Authority and Outlays

247

Personnel Summary
Identification code 12–1105–0–1–302

Direct:
Total compensable workyears:
1001
Full-time equivalent employment ..............................
1005
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours
Reimbursable:
2001 Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ...............................................................

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

665
21

696
22

795
25

6

5

5

[In millions of dollars]

1995 actual
Enacted/requested:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
172
Outlays ....................................................................................
176
Adjustment to 1996 continuing resolution levels:
Budget Authority ..................................................................... ....................
Outlays .................................................................................... ....................

Total:
Budget Authority .....................................................................
Outlays ....................................................................................

172
176

1996 est.

1997 est.

153
157

164
160

2 ....................
1
1

155
158

164
161

Cooperative forestry assistance programs provide assistance
to manage, use and protect forest resources on State, urban,
and private lands to meet domestic and international demands for goods and services. Assistance is provided to a
wide range of customers including all states, Puerto Rico,
the Virgin Islands, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and
the Trust Terrority of the Pacific.
Forest health management.—This activity includes Federal
lands forest health management, cooperative lands forest
health management, and cooperative lands fire management
programs. Forest health management programs provide national leadership in forest health.
Cooperative Forestry.—This activity includes forest stewardship, stewardship incentives program, forest legacy program,
urban and community forestry, economic action programs, and
the Pacific Northwest community assistance programs. Forest
stewardship includes: the forest resource management; forest
stewardship; and the seedlings, nursery, and tree improvement programs. Economic action programs include the economic recovery, rural development, economic diversification
studies, timber bridge initiative, and forest products conservation and recycling programs.

11.1
11.3
11.5
11.9
12.1
13.0
21.0
23.1
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0
32.0
41.0
99.0
99.0

Direct obligations:
Personnel compensation:
Full-time permanent .............................................
Other than full-time permanent ...........................
Other personnel compensation .............................

1995 actual

24
2
1

1996 est.

27
2
1

31
2
1

Total personnel compensation .........................
27
30
34
Civilian personnel benefits .......................................
4
4
5
Benefits for former personnel ................................... ...................
1
1
Travel and transportation of persons .......................
4
3
4
Rental payments to GSA ...........................................
2
1
1
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous
charges .................................................................
1
1
1
Printing and reproduction .........................................
1 ................... ...................
Other services ............................................................
16
12
13
Supplies and materials .............................................
2
2
2
Equipment .................................................................
2
2
2
Land and structures ..................................................
4
3
3
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ........................
103
85
88
144
2

154
2

25.2

1

1

99.0

Subtotal, allocation account—direct obligations ...................

1

1

147

157

Total obligations ........................................................

169

Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1115–0–1–302

1995 actual

1996 est.

1997 est.

00.01
01.01

Obligations by program activity:
Fire management ........................................................... ................... ...................
Reimbursable program .................................................. ................... ...................

401
7

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ................... ...................

408

22.00
22.20

Budgetary resources available for obligation:
New budget authority (gross) ........................................ ................... ...................
Unobligated balance transferred ................................... ................... ...................

393
15

23.90
23.95

Total budgetary resources available for obligation ................... ...................
New obligations ............................................................. ................... ...................

408
–408

New budget authority (gross), detail:
Current:
40.00
Appropriation ............................................................. ................... ...................
Permanent:
68.00
Spending authority from offsetting collections: Offsetting collections (cash) ..................................... ................... ...................

1997 est.

Subtotal, direct obligations ..................................
166
Reimbursable obligations ..............................................
3
Allocation Account—Direct Obligations:
Other services ............................................................ ...................

99.9

For necessary expenses for forest fire presuppression activities on
National Forest System lands, for emergency fire suppression on or
adjacent to such lands and other lands under fire protection agreement, and for emergency rehabilitation of burned over National Forest
System lands, $385,485,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That unobligated or unexpended balances of amounts previously appropriated under any other headings for Forest Service fire
activities are transferred to and merged with this appropriation, and
subject to the same terms and conditions: Provided further, That such
funds are available for repayment of advances from other appropriation accounts previously transferred for such purposes.

70.00

Object Classification (in millions of dollars)
Identification code 12–1105–0–1–302

WILDLAND FIRE MANAGEMENT

73.10
73.20
73.30
74.40

Total new budget authority (gross) .......................... ................... ...................
Cha