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RESCISSION PROPOSALS
This Budget contains proposals to reduce 1995 spending
by $2.4 billion. These proposed reductions include $1.1 billion
in proposed rescissions detailed below and $1.3 billion in reduced limitations and other proposed savings detailed in the
Supplemental Proposals chapter of the Budget.
Under the provisions of the Impoundment Control Act of
1974 (Public Law 93–344), whenever the President proposes
a rescission of enacted appropriations, a special message must
be sent to the Congress giving details of the proposals. Included below are related budget schedules and narrative explanations of proposals being transmitted separately in a special message.

Department of Agriculture
ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION
SERVICE
SALARIES

AND

40.35

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–98,635 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–67,388
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
67,388
5,918
90.00

–31,247

–61,470

PUBLIC LAW 480 PROGRAM ACCOUNTS
(Rescission Proposal)

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

1995 est.

1996 est.
Identification code 12–2277–5–1–151

Program by activities:
00.03 Pest and disease management programs .................... ...................

–2,900 ...................

10.00

–2,900 ...................

Total obligations (object class 25.2) ........................ ...................
Financing:

39.00

Budget authority ........................................................ ...................

–2,900 ...................

42.00

Budget authority:
Transferred from other accounts .............................. ...................

–2,900 ...................

43.00

Appropriation (total) ............................................. ...................

–2,900 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–2,900 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–458
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
458 ...................
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

This proposal would reduce the available funds for Title
III grants by $92.5 million. Under this title, commodities are
donated to developing countries to assist in economic development. The proposal would also reduce Title I ocean freight
differential by $6.1 million.

EXPENSES

1994 actual

–98,635 ...................

71.00
72.40

(Rescission Proposal)

Identification code 12–1600–5–1–352

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–1) ..................................................................... ...................

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–2,442

–458

1995 est.

1996 est.

00.01

Program by activities:
Direct loan subsidy ........................................................ ...................

–43,865 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–43,865 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–1) ..................................................................... ...................

–43,865 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–43,865 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–18,862
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
18,862
2,632
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–25,003

–16,230

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
thousands of dollars)
Identification code 12–2277–5–1–151

This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of funding for a cattle tick eradication program in Puerto Rico conducted by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
The eradication program has been ongoing since the early
1980s. The current eradication strategy does not appear to
be effective. No funds are requested for this activity in 1996.

1994 actual

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ........................................................... ...................

–54,114 ...................

1159

–54,114 ...................

Total direct loan levels ............................................. ...................
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ............................................... ...................

–43,865 ...................

1339

–43,865 ...................

Total subsidy budget authority ................................. ...................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays .............................................................. ...................

PUBLIC LAW 480 PROGRAM ACCOUNTS

–25,003

–16,230

1349

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE

–25,003

–16,230

Total subsidy outlays ................................................ ...................

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 12–2278–5–1–151

00.01
00.03
10.00

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Ocean freight differential .............................................. ...................
Commodities supplied in connection with dispositions
abroad ....................................................................... ...................

–92,500 ...................

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–98,635 ...................

–6,135 ...................

This proposal would reduce the available funds for Title
I by $43.9 million. Under this title, U.S. agricultural commodities are sold to more advanced developing countries through
government-to-government agreements under concessional financing terms.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records, for the Public Law 480 program, the
subsidy costs associated with the direct loans obligated in
1992 and beyond (including modifications of direct loans that
1099

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE—Continued

1100

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996

resulted from obligations in any year), as well as administrative expenses of this program. The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses
are estimated on a cash basis.

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

00.01
00.02
10.00

–2,900 ...................
2,900 ...................

1995 est.

Program by activities:
Direct loans .................................................................... ...................
Interest on Treasury borrowing ...................................... ...................

1996 est.

–54,114 ...................
–185
–775

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

–54,299

–775

Financing:
39.00

Financing authority (gross) ....................................... ...................

–54,299

Financing authority:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) ................................. ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections ........ ...................

–10,619
–43,680

–775

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................
Outlays ....................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

Funds were appropriated in this account for transfer to
the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of funding for a cattle tick eradication program in Puerto Rico conducted by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
The eradication program has been ongoing since the early
1980s. The current eradication strategy does not appear to
be effective.

–156
–619

–54,299

Appropriation (total) ............................................. ................... ................... ...................

–775

67.15
68.00

43.00

90.00

(Rescission Proposal)

1994 actual

Budget authority:
Appropriation rescission proposal (R95–2) .............. ...................
Transferred to other accounts ................................... ...................

71.00

PUBLIC LAW 480 DIRECT LOAN FINANCING ACCOUNT

Identification code 12–4049–5–3–151

40.35
41.00

Relation of obligations to financing disbursements:
Total obligations ............................................................
Obligated balance, start of year:
72.10
Receivables from other government accounts ..........
72.90
Fund balance .............................................................
Obligated balance, end of year:
74.10
Receivables from other government accounts ..........
74.90
Fund balance .............................................................
71.00

87.00

Department of Commerce

...................

................... ...................
................... ...................

PUBLIC BROADCASTING FACILITIES, PLANNING

–18,862
23,269

–2,632
3,247

Financing disbursements (gross) .............................. ...................

–49,892

–4,567

Adjustments to financing authority and financing disbursements:
Offsetting collections from:
Federal sources:
88.00
Payments from program account ......................... ...................
43,865 ...................
88.00
Interest from Treasury .......................................... ...................
185
463
88.40
Interest received on loans ......................................... ................... ...................
1,082
88.90

Total, offsetting collections .................................. ...................

44,050

1,545

89.00
90.00

Financing authority (net) ............................................... ...................
Financing disbursements (net) ...................................... ...................

–10,249
–5,842

770
–3,022

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond (including modifications of direct loans that resulted from obligations in any year). The amounts in this
account are a means of financing and are not included in
the budget totals.
Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 12–4049–5–3–151

1994 actual

33.0
43.0

Investments and loans ..................................................
Interest and dividends ...................................................

..................
..................

–54,114
–185

Total obligations ...................................................

..................

–54,299

–775

CONSTRUCTION

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
1994 actual

Identification code 13–0551–5–1–503

1995 est.

1996 est.

00.01

Program by activities:
Grants ............................................................................ ...................

–18,000 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–18,000 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–3) ..................................................................... ...................

–18,000 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–18,000 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–15,840
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
15,840
7,560
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–2,160

–8,280

This proposal reflects savings from the reduction of a grant
program that has successfully extended the coverage of public
television to 95 percent of all U.S. households and public
radio to 88 percent of all U.S. households. Funds not proposed
for rescission ($11 million) will be used for grants to replace
worn-out station equipment and expand coverage into the
remaining unserved areas.

..................
–775

99.9

AND

(Rescission Proposal)

18,862
–23,269

...................
...................

1995 est.

NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND
INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION

1996 est.

Department of Education
OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY
EDUCATION
SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS

FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE

(Rescission Proposal)

FOOD STAMP PROGRAM

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

(Rescission Proposal)

Identification code 91–1000–5–1–501

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 12–3505–5–1–605

39.00

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

Financing:
Budget authority ............................................................ ................... ................... ...................

00.10
00.13
00.19
00.21
10.00

Program by activities:
Education infrastructure ................................................
Instruction in civics, government and law ...................
Dropout prevention demonstrations ...............................
Ellender fellowships .......................................................

1994 actual

...................
...................
...................
...................

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

1995 est.

–100,000
–5,899
–28,000
–4,185

1996 est.

...................
...................
...................
...................

–138,084 ...................

OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION

RESCISSION PROPOSALS

40.35

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–4) ..................................................................... ...................

74.40
90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–16,570

–93,897

This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of the
following activities:
Education infrastructure.—This new grant program, which
would fund school construction and renovation in a small
number of local educational agencies, would be a departure
from the traditional Federal role in education. School construction has been historically the responsibility of State and
local governments. Current fiscal constraints dictate that new
Federal activities in this area not be initiated.
Instruction in civics, government, and the law.—This program, proposed for elimination by the National Performance
Review, has achieved its original purpose of promoting the
institutionalization of law-related and civic education programs in the schools. It duplicates other Department of Education programs, such as Safe and Drug-free Schools and
Communities, that help students recognize the importance
of, understanding of, and respect for, the law.
Dropout prevention demonstrations.—Funds from 1994 are
supporting the final year of implementation and evaluation
of three- and four-year projects under this program and will
enable these projects to achieve their purpose of testing strategies that States and school districts can use to combat the
dropout problem. No additional funds are needed. Once effective strategies are identified by these projects, school districts
can adopt these strategies using State, local, or other Federal
funds.
Ellender fellowships.—This program, which provides fellowships to students from low-income families and their teachers,
as well as older Americans and recent immigrants, to travel
to Washington, D.C. and increase their understanding of government, is not an appropriate Federal responsibility. An
independent evaluation of this program conducted in 1992
identified several other organizations that support activities
virtually identical to those of the Close Up Foundation, the
sole grantee, and do so without Federal assistance. The Foundation should be able to continue its programs with nonFederal funds.

OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT
EDUCATION
VOCATIONAL

AND

ADULT EDUCATION

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 91–0400–5–1–501

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Vocational education:
00.01
Community-based organizations ............................... ...................
00.02
Consumer and homemaking education .................... ...................

–9,479 ...................
–34,409 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–43,888 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–5) ..................................................................... ...................

–43,888 ...................

71.00
72.40

Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................

38,621

8,777

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–5,267

–29,844

–138,084 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
71.00 Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–138,084 ...................
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–121,514
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
121,514
27,617
90.00

1101

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–43,888 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–38,621

This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of categorical grants for community-based organizations and
consumer and homemaking education. The National Performance Review recommended the elimination of both programs.
Programs operated jointly with community-based organizations can be carried out under Vocational Education Basic
State grants. All States currently have active, well-established
consumer and homemaking programs that will continue without direct Federal support. States can also support consumer
and homemaking education with their Basic State grant
funds.

OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION
HIGHER EDUCATION
(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 91–0201–5–1–502

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

01.01
02.02

Program by activities:
Program development .................................................... ...................
Scholarships ................................................................... ...................

–18,920 ...................
–7,983 ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

–26,903 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–6) ..................................................................... ...................

–26,903 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–26,903 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–23,675
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
23,675
5,381
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–3,228

–18,294

This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of the
following activities:
Other aid for institutions: Program development.—The Eisenhower leadership and Law school clinical experience programs have been recommended for elimination by the National Performance Review because they are not an appropriate Federal responsibility. Allowable activities under the
Eisenhower program are included already in the regular curriculum at many postsecondary institutions. The clinical experience program is a demonstration activity that has long since
achieved its original purpose; most law schools already provide clinical opportunities without a Federal subsidy.
Aid for students: Scholarships.—The national early intervention scholarship and partnership program duplicates the
Federal TRIO programs, which also encourage low-income,
disadvantaged individuals to pursue and complete college. The
National Academy of Science, Space and Technology is recommended for elimination by the National Performance Review. It duplicates other Department of Education and private
scholarship programs and is cumbersome administratively.
The small, categorical Olympic scholarships program duplicates the Federal student financial aid programs. The teacher
corps program is highly complex, allows funds to be used
for a variety of administrative purposes, and duplicates the
Federal student financial aid programs and the broad-based
professional development activities—funded at $735 million—
under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

1102

OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996
COLLEGE HOUSING

Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 91–0201–5–1–502

1994 actual

25.2
41.0

Other services ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

..................
..................

1995 est.

–105
–26,798

..................
..................

99.9

Total obligations ...................................................

..................

–26,903

..................

1996 est.

AND

ACADEMIC FACILITIES LOANS PROGRAM

ACADEMIC FACILITIES LOANS FINANCING
ACCOUNT

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
1994 actual

Identification code 91–4252–5–3–502

00.01

COLLEGE HOUSING

AND

10.00

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Direct loans .................................................................... ...................

–10,000 ...................

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

–10,000 ...................

Financing:

(Rescission Proposal)
39.00

Financing authority (gross) ....................................... ...................

–10,000 ...................

67.15
68.00

Financing authority:
Authority to borrow (indefinite) ................................. ...................
Spending authority from offsetting collections ........ ...................

–9,832 ...................
–168 ...................

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 91–0241–5–1–502

00.01

1994 actual

Program by activities:
Loan subsidies ............................................................... ...................

1995 est.

1996 est.

–168 ...................

Relation of obligations to financing disbursements:
Total obligations ............................................................
Obligated balance, start of year:
72.10
Receivables from program account ..........................
72.90
Fund balance .............................................................
Obligated balance, end of year:
74.10
Receivables from program account ..........................
74.90
Fund balance .............................................................
71.00

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

40.35

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–7) ..................................................................... ...................

–168 ...................

–168 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–168 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–168
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
168
168
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ................... ................... ...................

87.00

1994 actual

Direct loan levels supportable by subsidy budget authority:
1150 Direct loan levels ........................................................... ...................
1159

Total direct loan levels ............................................. ...................
Direct loan subsidy (in percent):
1320 Subsidy rate ...................................................................
0.00
1329

Weighted average subsidy rate .................................
0.00
Direct loan subsidy budget authority:
1330 Subsidy budget authority ............................................... ...................

1995 est.

1996 est.

................... ...................
................... ...................
...................
...................

–168
10,000

168
–10,000
–168
10,000

–168 ...................

Adjustments to financing authority and financing disbursements:
88.00 Offsetting collections from: Federal sources: From program account ............................................................ ...................

168 ...................

89.00
90.00

Financing authority (net) ............................................... ...................
–9,832 ...................
Financing disbursements (net) ...................................... ................... ................... ...................

Status of Direct Loans (in thousands of dollars)
1994 actual

Identification code 91–4252–5–3–502

1995 est.

1996 est.

–10,000 ...................

Position with respect to appropriations act limitation
on obligations:
1111 Limitation on direct loans ............................................. ...................

–10,000 ...................

–10,000 ...................

1150

–10,000 ...................

1.68

0.00

0.00

0.00

–168 ...................

1339

Total subsidy budget authority ................................. ...................
–168 ...................
Direct loan subsidy outlays:
1340 Subsidy outlays .............................................................. ................... ................... ...................
1349

–10,000 ...................

Financing disbursements (gross) .............................. ...................

Summary of Loan Levels, Subsidy Budget Authority and Outlays by Program (in
thousands of dollars)
Identification code 91–0241–5–1–502

...................

Total direct loan obligations ..................................... ...................

As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this non-budgetary account records all cash flows to and from
the government resulting from direct loans obligated in 1992
and beyond (including modifications of direct loans that resulted from obligations in any year). The amounts in this
account are a means of financing and are not included in
the budget totals.

Total subsidy outlays ................................................ ................... ................... ...................

This proposal reflects savings derived from not making new
loans. In the 1995 appropriations act, $10 million in new
loans was authorized, but only $168 thousand was provided
for loan subsidies. Based on current subsidy calculations, the
subsidy provided would support only $840 thousand in new
loans. The proposal would rescind the subsidy and repeal
the authority to make new loans rather than restart a terminated program and issue so few new loans. The National
Performance Review recommended the elimination of this
loan program because providing funds to institutions of higher
education for renovation and construction supplants State,
local, and private support.
As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990,
this account records the subsidy costs associated with the
direct loans obligated in 1992 and beyond (including modifications of direct loans that resulted from obligations in any
year), as well as administrative expenses of this program.
The subsidy amounts are estimated on a present value basis;
the administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis.

OFFICE OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND
IMPROVEMENT
EDUCATION RESEARCH, STATISTICS,

AND

IMPROVEMENT

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 91–1100–5–1–503

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

00.01

Program by activities:
21st century community learning centers ..................... ...................

–750 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–750 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–8) ..................................................................... ...................

–750 ...................

71.00
72.40

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–750 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–660

CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION

RESCISSION PROPOSALS
74.40

90.00

Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................

660

150

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–90

–510

This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of the
21st Century Community Learning Centers program. Separate funding for this activity is not needed. The Elementary
and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended, authorizes
local education agencies, individual schools, or consortia of
schools to use up to five percent of the funds they receive
under ESEA to establish and implement coordinated services
projects that provide elementary and secondary school students and their families better access to social, health, and
education services.

1103

Department of Health and Human Services
HEALTH RESOURCES AND SERVICES
ADMINISTRATION
HEALTH RESOURCES

AND

SERVICES

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
1994 actual

Identification code 75–0350–5–1–550

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Direct program:
00.13
Health professions ..................................................... ...................
00.22
Health care facilities ................................................. ...................

–27,147 ...................
–2,000 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–29,147 ...................

40.35

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–10) ................................................................... ...................

–29,147 ...................

LIBRARIES
(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 91–0104–5–1–503

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

00.05
00.07

Program by activities:
Library literacy programs ............................................... ...................
Library education and training ...................................... ...................

–8,026 ...................
–4,916 ...................

10.00

Total obligations ........................................................ ...................

–12,942 ...................

40.35

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–9) ..................................................................... ...................

–12,942 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–12,942 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–7,766
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
7,766
2,977
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–5,176

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–29,147 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–17,747
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
17,747
6,467
71.00
72.40

90.00

Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

–11,400

–11,280

This proposal reflects savings from reductions in 29 health
professions curriculum assistance grants. A 1994 study by
the General Accounting Office indicated that these grants
have not had a significant impact on the supply, distribution,
and minority representation of health professionals. Reductions are also proposed in health care facilities.

CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND
PREVENTION

–4,789

This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of the
library literacy and the library education and training discretionary grant programs. The library literacy program provides
small ($35 thousand or less) grants to support the involvement of State and local public libraries in adult literacy programs. These activities may also be supported under the Public Library Services program, a State formula grant program
that permits States to direct funds where services are most
needed. The library education and training program supports
awards, primarily to institutions of higher education, to provide training or retraining to prepare individuals for service
in all types of libraries. No shortage of trained librarians
has been demonstrated. Eliminating these programs is consistent with the recommendations of the National Performance Review.

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

DISEASE CONTROL, RESEARCH,

AND

TRAINING

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 75–0943–5–1–550

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Direct program:
00.07
Chronic and environmental diseases ........................ ...................

–1,300 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–1,300 ...................

40.35

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–11) ................................................................... ...................

–1,300 ...................

Identification code 91–0104–5–1–503

1994 actual

25.2
41.0

Other services ................................................................
Grants, subsidies, and contributions ............................

..................
..................

–28
–12,914

..................
..................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–1,300 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–815
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
815 ...................

99.9

Total obligations ...................................................

..................

–12,942

..................

90.00

1995 est.

1996 est.

71.00
72.40

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–485

–815

This proposal reflects savings in funds not needed to accomplish programmatic goals.

1104

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH
NATIONAL INSTITUTES

OF

HEALTH

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
1994 actual

Identification code 75–9915–5–1–552

1995 est.

1996 est.

00.18

Program by activities:
National Center for Research Resources ....................... ...................

–1,000 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–1,000 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–12) ................................................................... ...................

–1,000 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–1,000 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–1,000
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
1,000
500
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ................... ...................

–500

This proposal reflects savings from a small reduction in
the 1995 appropriation for the National Center for Research
Resources’ extramural construction grant program. These
funds are not needed to accomplish programmatic goals.

Department of Housing and Urban Development
HOUSING PROGRAMS
ANNUAL CONTRIBUTIONS

FOR

ASSISTED HOUSING

inflexible and costly method of preserving low-income housing.
In addition to overly generous incentives, there is a lack of
documented evidence that a serious prepayment threat exists
in most areas of the country. The Administration and HUD
are proposing program reforms that would reduce both the
number of eligible projects and the level of payments. The
rescission affects funds in excess of needs under the reformed
program.
Choice in Management.—The Choice in Management program permits public housing residents to remove a poorly
performing management team (Public Housing Authority) and
replace it with a private sector manager. The program has
never been implemented. Under HUD’s proposed reinvention,
need for this program is obviated. The monopoly of poor performing PHAs will be broken up and they will have to compete for tenants. Tenants will be able to change managers
by ‘‘voting with their feet’’ (i.e., moving to apartments of their
choosing).
Family Unification.—The Family Unification program earmarked housing certificates for families who are in danger
of losing their children because of inadequate housing. Regular preferences for certificates should take care of this problem without the need for earmarks.
Lease Adjustments.—Lease adjustments is a small program
that provides inflation adjustments on pre-1974 rental assistance contracts. These funds are in excess of anticipated needs.
Section 8 Amendments.—These amendments provide additional funds for multi-year Section 8 contracts. These funds
are in excess of anticipated needs.
Section 8 Recaptures.—The recaptures under the Section
8 program are normally recycled to other recipients. This
rescission would return these funds to the Treasury.

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 86–0164–5–1–604

1994 actual

1995 est.

CONGREGATE SERVICES

1996 est.

(Rescission Proposal)

Program by activities:
Assistance contracts:
00.01
Lower income housing (section 8) ............................ ...................
00.02
Public and Indian housing ........................................ ...................

–305,200 ...................
–134,000 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ................... ...................

–439,200 ...................

40.35

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–13) ................................................................... ...................

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 86–0178–5–1–604

71.00
72.40
74.40
90.00

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................ ...................

–37,000 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–14) ................................................................... ...................

–37,000 ...................

10.00
–439,200 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–439,200 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Appropriation ........... ................... ...................
–385,600
Obligated balance, end of year: Appropriation ............. ...................
385,600
272,900
Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

1994 actual

–53,600

–112,700

This proposal reflects savings from reductions in the following activities:
Lead-based paint.—This program supported lead-based
paint removal efforts targeted primarily at privately owned
and operated multifamily housing. Much progress has been
made in the fight against lead poisoning and abatement efforts will continue where the problem still exists, primarily
in low-income housing. In the future, allocation of funds for
removal efforts will rest with State and local governments
under the new Affordable Housing Performance Funds program.
Preservation.—The preservation program was intended to
ensure the availability of low-income rental housing by preventing project owners from prepaying mortgages and converting the units to other uses. The program compensates
owners for the loss of the prepayment option through preservation incentives. While well-intended, this program is a very

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–37,000 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–37,000
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
37,000
31,912
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ................... ...................

–5,088

This proposal reflects savings from the proposed elimination
of the Congregate services program. The Cranston-Gonzalez
National Housing Act of 1990 authorized the Secretary of
Housing and Urban Development to enter into five-year contracts for congregate support services (meals, transportation,
etc.) for the elderly and disabled. Other funding mechanisms
exist that can be utilized to provide similar services to elderly
and handicapped persons, such as the Community development block grant program and the Elderly service coordinator
program. The need for these services can be prioritized at
the State/local level and the appropriate resources can be
made available to fit individual circumstances.

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

RESCISSION PROPOSALS

Department of Labor

1105

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
PAYMENTS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

TO

AIR CARRIERS

(AIRPORT AND AIRWAY TRUST FUND)

SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

(Rescission Proposal)

(Rescission Proposal)

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

Identification code 16–0200–5–1–505

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Direct program:
00.01
Labor force statistics ................................................ ...................

–1,100 ...................

10.00

Total obligations (object class 25.3) ........................ ...................

–1,100 ...................

40.35

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–15) ................................................................... ...................

10.00

1995 est.

Program by activities:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................ ...................

1996 est.

–4,900 ...................

Financing:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, start of year: Treasury
balance ...................................................................... ................... ...................
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end of year: Treasury
balance ...................................................................... ...................
–2,780

2,780
–2,780

39.00
–1,100 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–1,100 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–15
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
15 ...................
71.00
72.40

90.00

1994 actual

Identification code 69–8304–5–7–402

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–1,085

–15

BLS produces employment and unemployment data for 11
large states, New York City, and the Los Angeles-Long Beach
area directly from the Current Population Survey (CPS). For
other areas, BLS produces monthly estimates using regression
analyses that combines information from the CPS, Current
Employment Survey, and unemployment records. This proposal reflects savings from continuing the practice of obtaining the monthly employment and unemployment data from
the original 11 large states instead of expanding the CPS
to allow employment and unemployment data for Georgia and
Virginia to be obtained directly from the CPS.

Budget authority ........................................................ ...................

69.35
69.36

Budget authority:
Contract authority rescission proposal (R95–17) ..... ...................
Contract authority rescission proposal (unobligated
balances) (R95–17) .............................................. ...................

–1,603 ...................

Contract authority (total) ...................................... ...................

–7,680 ...................

69.90

–7,680 ...................

–6,077 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–4,900 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–1,960
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
1,960 ...................
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–2,940

–1,960

This proposal reflects savings from the termination of the
Payments to air carriers program. Communities that now receive subsidized air service through this program are within
reasonable driving distance to other airports or other modes
of transportation. The per passenger subsidy cost is not merited.

Environmental Protection Agency
ABATEMENT, CONTROL,

Department of Transportation
FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION

Identification code 68–0108–5–1–304

(Rescission Proposal)

10.00

40.35

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................ ...................

–13,216 ...................

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–16) ................................................................... ...................

–13,216 ...................

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–5,286

–5,286

This proposal reflects savings from the termination of the
Local rail freight assistance program. The program has completed the purpose for which it was initiated.

1995 est.

1996 est.

–11,642 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–18) ................................................................... ...................

–11,642 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–11,642 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–7,660
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
7,660
2,360
71.00
72.40

90.00
Relation of obligations to outlays:
71.00 Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–13,216 ...................
72.40 Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–7,930
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
7,930
2,644

1994 actual

Program by activities:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................ ...................

10.00

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
1994 actual

COMPLIANCE

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

LOCAL RAIL FREIGHT ASSISTANCE

Identification code 69–0714–5–1–401

AND

(Rescission Proposal)

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–3,982

–5,300

This proposal reflects savings from reducing the clean lakes
and technical assistance programs. The States have EPA
guidance on maintaining clean lakes and are able to address
lake restoration needs, along with other local priorities, under
their existing Water Quality Management programs. Rural
drinking water suppliers are more appropriately assisted
through the States rather than through the organizations
that would have received these earmarked funds. Also, EPA’s
State drinking water program grants have been increased
by $20 million, which can be used to assist rural drinking

1106

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY—Continued

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996

water suppliers. At the time the budget went to print, various
alternatives were under consideration for replacing the proposed rescission of technical assistance funds.

Small Business Administration
SALARIES

AND

EXPENSES

(Rescission Proposal)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

1996 est.

1995 est.

1996 est.

00.03

Program by activities:
Research and program management ............................ ...................

–950

Total obligations (object class 25.2) ........................ ...................

–950

–50

–15,000 ...................

Total obligations (object class 41.0) ........................ ...................

–15,000 ...................

Financing:
40.35 Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–21) ................................................................... ...................

–15,000 ...................

–50

10.00

Program by activities:
Natural resources development (tree planting) grants ...................

10.00

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
1994 actual

1995 est.

00.01

(Rescission Proposal)

Identification code 80–0112–5–1–999

1994 actual

Identification code 73–0100–5–1–376

MISSION SUPPORT

Financing:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Treasury
balance ...................................................................... ................... ...................
50
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end of year: Treasury
balance ...................................................................... ...................
–50 ...................
21.40

40.35

Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–19) ............................................................... ...................

–1,000 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–950
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
273
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–677

–50
–273
73

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–15,000 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–3,075
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
3,075 ...................
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–250

Other Independent Agencies
CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD
INVESTIGATION BOARD
SALARIES

OF

FACILITIES

EXPENSES

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 95–3850–5–1–304

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
1994 actual

AND

(Rescission Proposal)

(Rescission Proposal)

Identification code 80–0107–5–1–999

–3,075

This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of grants
to States for contracting the planting of trees. The Small
Business Administration, unlike either the Department of Agriculture or the Department of the Interior, does not have
the technical expertise needed to adequately administer this
program. In addition, this program duplicates the urban tree
planting program of the Forest Service.

This proposal reflects savings from the elimination of two
of the eight NASA administrative aircraft. An ongoing study
of the use and need of the remaining aircraft will be completed prior to phasing out of additional aircraft.

CONSTRUCTION

–11,925

1995 est.

1996 est.

00.22

Program by activities:
Mission to planet earth ................................................. ...................

–16,200

–10,800

10.00

Total obligations (object class 25.2) ........................ ...................

–16,200

10.00

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................

–500 ...................

Financing:
Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(R95–22) ................................................................... ...................

–500 ...................

–10,800

Financing:
Unobligated balance available, start of year: Treasury
balance ...................................................................... ................... ...................
10,800
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end of year: Treasury
balance ...................................................................... ...................
–10,800 ...................
21.40

40.36

Budget authority (appropriation rescission proposal)
(unobligated balances) (R95–20) ........................ ...................

–27,000 ...................

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–16,200
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
12,400
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–3,800

–10,800
–12,400
8,536
–14,664

This proposal reflects savings due to the decision not to
construct a smaller headquarters building for the Consortium
for International Earth Science Information Network in Saginaw, Michigan.

40.35

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–500 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–200
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
200
10
71.00
72.40

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ...................

–300

–190

As part of the Administration’s reinventing government initiative, this proposal would rescind funding for a board that
has not yet begun operation. The Board’s purpose duplicates
existing efforts of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) to prevent chemical accidents. EPA and OSHA already collaborate with State and local governments, as well
as private interests, in responding to accidental releases of
hazardous substances. The agencies also promulgate appropriate regulations to prevent future accidents. Additional
funds are being requested to augment EPA and OSHA in
1996 to enhance their investigative and prevention efforts.

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

RESCISSION PROPOSALS
Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

1107

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

Identification code 95–3850–5–1–304

1994 actual

1996 est.

ACADEMIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE

11.1
12.1
21.0
23.2
23.3
24.0
25.2
26.0
31.0

Personnel compensation: Full-time permanent .............
Civilian personnel benefits ............................................
Travel and transportation of persons ............................
Rental payments to others ............................................
Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges
Printing and reproduction ..............................................
Other services ................................................................
Supplies and materials .................................................
Equipment ......................................................................

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

1995 est.

–240
–60
–20
–100
–10
–5
–40
–5
–20

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

(Rescission Proposal)

99.9

Total obligations ...................................................

..................

–500

..................

Personnel Summary
Identification code 95–3850–5–1–304

1001

Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 49–0150–5–1–251

1994 actual

1995 est.

1996 est.

Program by activities:
Total obligations (object class 41.0) ............................ ...................

–131,867 ...................

Financing:
40.36 Budget authority (unobligated balance rescission proposal) (R95–23) ........................................................ ...................

–131,867 ...................

10.00

Relation of obligations to outlays:
Total obligations ............................................................ ...................
–131,867 ...................
Obligated balance, start of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ................... ...................
–131,867
74.40 Obligated balance, end of year: Unpaid obligations:
Treasury balance ....................................................... ...................
131,867
92,307
71.00
72.40

1994 actual

Total compensable workyears: Full-time equivalent
employment ............................................................... ...................

1995 est.

1996 est.

–2 ...................

90.00

Outlays ....................................................................... ................... ...................

–39,560

This proposal reflects the Administration’s decision not to
expand the National Science Foundation’s program of support
of existing infrastructure modernization efforts (buildings and
instrumentation). NSF will continue its focus on funding people and research.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102