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CORPS OF ENGINEERS—CIVIL WORKS
The President’s 2009 Budget will:
• Enhance the performance of the Corps civil works program consistent with sound science,
public safety, and the needs of the American economy;
• Emphasize investing in maintenance at key Corps facilities;
• Focus on ongoing projects with the highest returns to the Nation and project completions;
• Provide resources to restore nationally and regionally significant aquatic ecosystems;
• Enhance the Corps’ ability to plan for and respond to natural disasters; and
• Meet the President’s commitment to improve hurricane and storm protection for New Orleans.

Improving Performance in the Corps Civil Works Program
• Supports the program’s three primary missions. 1) Facilitate commercial navigation; 2) reduce
the risk of damage from floods and storms; and 3) restore aquatic ecosystems. The Corps
conducts its work in partnership with non-Federal entities.
• Assesses project performance. Develops these programs using economic, environmental, and
other performance criteria to produce a greater overall return to the Nation from the civil works
program.

Maintaining the Nation’s Infrastructure
• Focuses on the performance of existing projects. Gives priority to operating and maintaining key
water resources infrastructure across the Nation, including multi-purpose dams, navigation
projects, and levees.

Constructing the Highest-Performing Projects First
• Continues to propose a performance-based, earmark-free construction program. Supports
construction of the projects in the main Corps missions that provide the greatest net returns
for each dollar invested.
• Reduces the construction backlog. Focuses funds on completing projects that demonstrate a high
return within the main Corps mission areas that are already under construction.
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Requires $19 billion just to complete those ongoing projects that are consistent with the program’s performance criteria and $38 billion to complete all projects including congressional
add-ons.
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CORPS OF ENGINEERS—CIVIL WORKS

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Focuses on the highest-performing projects, rather than new starts, and thereby completes
them sooner. This accelerates the completion of such projects as the Oakland Harbor
navigation channels in California, which will be completed in 2009.
Supports studies of those proposed projects that are most likely to produce a high net return
for each dollar invested.

• Proposes user fee for inland waterways. Proposes to phase out the current excise tax on diesel
fuel for the inland waterways and replace it with a lockage-based user fee.
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Additional revenue from the proposed fee is needed to pay for ongoing and future construction,
replacement, expansion, and rehabilitation work on the inland waterways, consistent with the
required 50 percent cost-share for such investments from the Inland Waterways Trust Fund.

Restoring Aquatic Ecosystems
• Restores the Everglades. $185 million for
the Corps to help restore the ecosystem of
South Florida, including the Everglades,
an increase of $54 million over the 2008
enacted level.
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Focuses on a small number of restoration projects with direct ecological
benefits, as recommended by the
National Research Council, with
projects selected to evaluate the
validity of scientific assumptions
regarding the effectiveness of current
approaches to restoration of the
Central Everglades, thereby reducing
uncertainty over time.

Source: Environmental Science Division, Conservancy of Southwest Florida

The Budget would help restore 90 square miles of endangered Florida
Works in stages to restore, for example,
panther habitat at Picayune Strand, west of the Everglades.
natural hydrological conditions in Everglades National Park. The first stage, which the Corps is conducting under the 1989 Modified
Water Deliveries to Everglades National Park project authority, is the centerpiece of the current phase of the overall South Florida ecosystem restoration effort. The Corps will evaluate
the success of this project, and incorporate the lessons learned, before proceeding under the
2000 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan authority with further steps to improve
water deliveries to the park.

• Fosters Louisiana coastal restoration. $20 million to protect and restore Louisiana’s coastal
wetlands ecosystem, an increase of $17 million over the 2008 enacted level.
• Supports Missouri River restoration. Modifies the Intake Dam on the Yellowstone River to open
up the upstream habitat to the endangered pallid sturgeon.

Rebuilding New Orleans and Supporting Overall Response Capability
• Reduces vulnerability of New Orleans to storm damage. $5.8 billion in additional emergency
funding in 2009 to provide 100-year storm protection to the greater New Orleans area. The
Corps has already provided a higher level of storm protection for New Orleans than the area has
ever had. The additional funds, combined with the State’s cost-share, will help keep the project
on schedule for completion.

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2009

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• Supports effective response to emergencies. $46 million for activities, such as preparation,
logistics, and training, to ensure that the Corps is able to respond effectively to natural
disasters.

Since 2001, the Corps of Engineers has:
• Focused resources on the highest performing projects. The Administration has established
principles and performance criteria to guide and rank the allocation of funds among
construction projects.
• Completed 70 construction projects. Allows the Nation to realize the benefits of completed
navigation, aquatic ecosystem restoration, and storm damage reduction projects. Significant
project completions through 2008 include inland waterways projects, such as Montgomery
Point Lock and Dam in Arkansas and an innovative flood damage reduction project, Grand
Forks and East Grand Forks in North Dakota and Minnesota, which combined structural and
non-structural approaches to flood damage reduction. The 2009 Budget will complete funding
for construction of the navigation and ecosystem features of the Columbia River Channel
Improvements project.
• Placed greater emphasis on existing infrastructure. The Budget emphasizes maintenance of
key Corps facilities. For instance, the Budget has emphasized maintenance and rehabilitation
of facilities to improve reliability on three inland waterways with the most commercial traffic:
the Ohio River; the Mississippi River; and the Illinois Waterway.
• Protected the environment. Through its permitting process, the Corps Regulatory Program has
helped protect 30,000 acres of wetlands.

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CORPS OF ENGINEERS—CIVIL WORKS

Corps of Engineers—Civil Works
(In millions of dollars)
Estimate

2007
Actual

2008

2009

Spending
Discretionary Budget Authority:
Construction 1 .......................................................................................................
Operation and Maintenance 1 ..........................................................................
Flood Control, Mississippi River and Tributaries .......................................
Flood Control and Coastal Emergencies .....................................................
Investigations .........................................................................................................
Regulatory Program ............................................................................................
Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program ...................................
Expenses .................................................................................................................

2,382
1,975
397
—
163
159
140
167

2,289
2,244
387
—
167
180
140
175

1,402
2,475
240
40
91
180
130
177

Office of Assistant Secretary (Civil Works) .................................................
Total, Discretionary budget authority .................................................................

4
5,387

4
5,586

6
4,741

Memorandum:
Budget authority from enacted supplementals .........................................
Budget authority from emergency request, Construction .....................

1,609
—

—
—

—
5,761

Total, Discretionary outlays ...................................................................................

3,780

7,205

8,774

Mandatory Outlays:
Existing law .............................................................................................................

156

27

28

Legislative proposal, Recreation Program User Fee ...............................

—

—

9

Total, Mandatory outlays ........................................................................................

156

27

19

Total, Outlays ..............................................................................................................

3,936

7,232

8,793

1

The 2009 Budget reflects a transfer of certain activities from the construction program to the operation and maintenance program.


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