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Dayton & Montgomery &
Public Library

AUG1

1372

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e Y o rk , P e n n s y lv a n ia , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
F e b ru a ry 1 9 7 2

Bul l et i n 1 7 2 5 -5 4
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR /

Bureau of Labor

Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 3 5 3 -1880:(Area Code 312)

Region II
1 51 5 Broadway, Suite 3400
New York, N .Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square<Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017 '
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 5 4
June 197 2

v

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUR EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e Y o r k , P e n n s y lv a n ia , M e tro p o lita n A re a , F e b ru a r y 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page
1.
2.

Introduction
W age trends fo r selected occupational groups

T a b le s :
E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope o f su rvey and number studied
Indexes o f standard w eek ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le c te d occupational
grou p s, and percen ts o f in c re a s e fo r selected period s
O ccupational earn in gs:
A - l . O ffic e occupations— en and women
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations—
men and wom en
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
men and wom en com bined
A -4 . M aintenance and pow erplan t occupations
A - 5. C ustodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occupations

B.

6.

1.
2.

A.

4.

E stablishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro v is io n s :
B - l . M inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r wom en o ffic e w o rk e rs
B -2 . Shift d iffe re n tia ls
B -3 . Scheduled w eek ly hours and days
B -4 . P a id holidays
B -5 . P a id vacations
B -6 . H ealth, in su ran ce, and pension plans

7.

9.
10.

11.
12 .

14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
21.

23.

Appendix.




O ccupational d escrip tio n s

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 —Price 35 cents

Preface
Th e B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics p ro g ra m o f annual occu p a­
tional w age su rvey s in m etro p o lita n a re a s is designed to p ro v id e data
on occu pation al e a rn in g s , and estab lish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem en­
ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d eta iled data by s e le c te d industry
d iv is io n fo r each o f the a re a s studied, fo r g eo gra p h ic re g io n s , and
fo r the United States.
A m a jo r con sid era tio n in the p ro g ra m is the
need fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ovem en t o f w ages by occu p a­
tion al c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru ctu re and le v e l o f wages
am ong a rea s and in du stry d iv is io n s .
A t the end o f each s u rv e y , an individu al a re a bu lletin p r e ­
sents the re s u lts .
A ft e r com p letion o f a ll individual a re a bulletins
fo r a round o f s u rv e y s , two su m m ary bulletins a re issued.
The
fir s t b rin gs data fo r each o f the m e tro p o lita n areas studied into one
b u lletin .
Th e second p resen ts in fo rm a tio n which has been p ro je c te d
fro m in dividu al m e tro p o lita n a re a data to r e la te to geo gra p h ic region s
and the U nited States.
N in e ty -fo u r a re a s c u rre n tly a re included in the p ro g ra m .
In
each a r e a , in fo rm a tio n on occupational earnings is c o lle c te d annually
and on estab lish m en t p ra c tic e s and su pplem en tary wage p ro visio n s
b ien n ia lly.
T h is b u lletin p resen ts resu lts o f the su rvey in Y o r k , P a . , in
F e b ru a ry 1972.
The Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a ,
as
d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget (fo r m e r ly the
Bureau o f the Budget) through January 1968, con sists o f Adam s and
Y o r k C ounties.
T h is study was conducted by the B u reau 's re g io n a l
o ffic e in P h ila d elp h ia , P a . , under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n o f Irw in L .
F eigen bau m , A s s is ta n t R eg io n a l D ir e c to r fo r O p eration s.




Note:
S im ila r re p o rts
in side back c o v e r .)

a re

a v a ila b le

fo r

other

a re a s .

(See

Union w age r a te s , in d ica tive o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls in
the Y o r k a r e a , a re also a v a ila b le fo r building construction;
p rin tin g; lo c a l-tr a n s it operatin g e m p lo y e e s ; lo c a l tru c k d riv e rs
and h e lp e rs ; and g r o c e r y s to re em p lo y e e s .

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a rea is 1 o f 94 in which the U.S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r's
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys of occupational earnings
and re la te d ben efits on an areaw id e b a s is .1 In this a rea , data w e re ob­
tained by p erso n a l v is its of Bureau fie ld econ om ists to re p re s e n ta tiv e
establish m en ts within s ix broad in du stry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing;
tra n sp orta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ; w h olesale
tra d e; r e ta il trad e; finance, in su ran ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r indu stry groups excluded fro m these studies a re govern m en t
operation s and the constru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries. E sta b lish ­
m ents having fe w e r than a p re s c rib e d num ber of w o rk e rs a re om itted
because they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym en t in the occupations
studied to w arran t inclu sion. Separate tabulations a re p ro vid ed fo r
each o f the broad industry d ivisio n s which m eet publication c r it e r ia .

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i.e ., those h ired to w ork a reg u la r w eek ly schedule.
Earnings data exclude p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on
weekends, h olid a ys, and late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses a re e x ­
cluded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g allow an ces and in cen tive earnings a re in ­
cluded. W here w eek ly hours a re rep o rted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu ­
pations, r e fe r e n c e is to the standard w orkw eek (rounded to the n earest
h alf hour) fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e th e ir reg u la r stra igh t-tim e
s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at reg u la r and/or prem ium
ra te s ).
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings fo r these occupations have been
rounded to the n ea rest h alf d o lla r.

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple basis because o f
the u n n ecessary cost in vo lved in su rveyin g a ll establish m en ts. To
obtain optim um a ccu racy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n of
la r g e than o f sm all establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w e v e r, a ll establish m en ts a re given th e ir ap p rop riate w eight. E s t i­
m ates based on the establish m en ts studied a re presen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll establishm ents in the indu stry grouping and a rea ,
except fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.

T h ese su rveys m ea su re the le v e l o f occupational earnings in
an a rea at a p a rtic u la r tim e. C om parison s o f individual occupational
a v e ra g e s o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t expected w age changes.
The
a v e ra g e s fo r individual jobs a re affected by changes in w ages and
em ploym ent p attern s. F o r exam ple, prop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed
by high- o r lo w -w a g e firm s m ay change o r h igh -w age w o rk ers m ay
advance to b e tter jobs and be rep la ced by new w o rk e rs at lo w e r ra tes.
Such shifts in em ploym ent could d e c re a s e an occupational a vera g e even
though m ost establishm ents in an a rea in c re a s e w ages during the y e a r.
T ren d s in earnings o f occupational groups, shown in table 2, are
better in d ica to rs o f wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g typ es:
(1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and technical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent. Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a uniform set o f job
d escrip tio n s designed to take account o f in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties within the sam e job .
The occupations selected fo r study
a re lis te d and d escrib ed in the appendix. U nless oth erw ise indicated,
the earnings data fo llo w in g the jo b title s a re fo r all in d u stries c o m ­
bined. E arn in gs data fo r som e of the occupations lis te d and d escrib ed ,
o r fo r som e industry d ivisio n s within occupations, are not p resen ted
in the A - s e r ie s ta b les, because e ith e r (1) em ploym ent in the occupa­
tion is too sm all to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p resen tation , or
(2) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f individu al establishm ent data.
E arn in gs data not shown s e p a ra te ly fo r in du stry d ivisio n s a re included
in a ll in du stries com bined data, w h ere shown.
L ik e w is e , data are
included in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a su b cla ssifica tio n o f s e c ­
r e ta r ie s o r tru c k d riv e rs is not shown o r in form a tion to su b cla ssify
is not a va ila b le.
1 Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These
areas are Binghamton, N .Y . (N ew York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and
West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N .Y .
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N . Y . ; and Utica— Rome, N . Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
more limited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.


l


The a v e ra g e s presen ted r e fle c t com p osite, areaw ide e s ti­
m a tes.
In du stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job
staffin g and, thus, contribute d iffe r e n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job.
The pay rela tion sh ip obtainable fro m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a ccu ra tely the w age spread o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained among jobs in
individual estab lish m en ts. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls
fo r m en and w om en in any o f the s elected occupations should not be
assum ed to r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t of the sexes within
individual estab lish m en ts.
O ther p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay con ­
tribu te to d iffe re n c e s in pay fo r m en and wom en include: D ifferen ces
in p ro g re s s io n within establish ed rate ran ges, since only the actual
ra tes paid incum bents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in sp ecific duties
p e rfo rm e d , although the w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d a p p ro p ria tely within
the sam e su rvey job d escrip tio n . Job d escrip tion s used in cla s s ify in g
em p loyees in these su rveys a re usually m o re g e n e ra lize d than those
used in individu al establishm ents and allow fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s
among establish m en ts in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .
Occupational em ploym en t estim a tes rep resen t the total in a ll
establish m en ts within the scope o f the study and not the number actu­
a lly su rveyed . B ecause o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure among
estab lish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent obtained

2
fro m the sam p le o f establish m en ts studied s e rv e only to indicate
the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jobs studied.
Th ese d iffe re n c e s in
occupational stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a ccu ra cy o f the
earn in gs data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) on selected
establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem en tary w age p ro v is io n s as they
re la te to plant- and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
Data fo r industry d ivisio n s not
p resen ted s e p a ra te ly a re included in the e stim a tes fo r " a ll in d u s trie s ."
A d m in is tra tiv e , ex e c u tiv e , and p ro fe s s io n a l em p lo yees, and con stru c­
tion w o rk e rs who a re u tilize d as a sep arate w ork fo rc e a re excluded.
"P la n tw o r k e r s " include w ork in g fo re m e n and a ll n o n su p ervisory w o rk ­
e rs (including leadm en and tra in e e s ) engaged in non office functions.
" O ffic e w o r k e r s " include w o r k i n g s u p e rv is o rs and n on su p ervisory
w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g c le r ic a l o r re la te d functions. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs
and routem en a re excluded in m an u factu rin g in d u stries, but included
in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.
M inim um entrance s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs (table
B - l ) re la te only to the estab lish m en ts v is ite d . B ecause o f the optim um
sam pling techniques used, and the p ro b a b ility that la r g e e s ta b lis h ­
m ents a re m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l entrance ra tes fo r w o rk e rs
above the s u b c le ric a l le v e l than s m a ll estab lish m en ts, the table is
m o r e re p re s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m edium and la r g e estab lish m en ts.
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (tab le B -2 ) a re lim ite d to p lan tw ork ers
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p resen ted both in
te r m s o f (1) estab lish m en t p o lic y , 2 p resen ted in te rm s o f total plantw o rk e r em ploym en t, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p ra c tic e , p resen ted in te rm s
o f w o rk e rs a ctu a lly em p loyed on the s p e c ifie d shift at the tim e o f the
su rvey .
In estab lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a jo r ity was used o r , i f no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n " o th e r " was used. In establish m en ts in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n orm al ra te s , a d iffe re n tia l was re c o rd e d
only i f it applied to a m a jo r ity o f the shift hours.
The scheduled w e e k ly hours and days (table B -3 ) o f a m a ­
jo r it y o f the fir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs in an establish m en t a re tabulated as
applying to a ll o f the plan t- o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that establishm ent.
Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days a re those which a m a jo r ity o f fu ll­
tim e e m p lo y ees w e re exp ected to w ork , w hether they w e re paid fo r at
s tra ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e ra te s .
P a id h olid ays; paid vacation s; and health, insurance, and pen­
sion plans (tab les B -4 through B -6 ) a re tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the
basis that th ese a re ap p licab le to a ll plant- o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a

m a jo r ity o f such w o rk e rs a re e lig ib le o r m a y even tu ally q u alify fo r
the p ra c tic e s lis te d . Sums o f in dividu al item s in ta b les B -2 through
B -6 m ay not equal tota ls because o f rounding.
Data on paid h olid ays (table B -4 ) a re lim ite d to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l b a sis; i.e ., (1) a re p ro vid ed fo r in
w ritte n fo rm , o r (2) have been estab lish ed by custom . H olidays o r d i­
n a rily granted a re included even though they m a y fa ll on a nonworkday
and the w o rk e r is not granted another day o ff. The f ir s t p art of the
paid h olidays tab le p resen ts the num ber o f w hole and h a lf h olidays
actu ally granted.
The second p art com bines w hole and h alf holidays
to show total h olid ay t im e .
The su m m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s ta tis tic a l m ea su re o f vacation p ro v is io n s .
It is not intended as a
m ea su re o f the p ro p o rtio n o f w o rk e rs actu ally r e c e iv in g s p e c ific ben e­
fits .
P r o v is io n s o f an establish m en t fo r a ll lengths o f s e r v ic e w e re
tabulated as applying to a ll plant- o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f the esta b lish ­
m ent, re g a r d le s s o f length o f s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s fo r paym ent on
other than a tim e basis w e re con verted to a tim e basis; fo r exam p le,
a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earn in gs was con sid ered as the eq u iv­
alent o f 1 w e e k 's pay. Only b a sic plans a re included. E stim a tes e x ­
clude vacation bonus and va c a tio n -s a v in g s plans and those which o ffe r
"e x te n d e d " o r "s a b b a tic a l" b en efits beyond b a sic plans with qu alifyin g
lengths of s e r v ic e . Such exclu sion s a re ty p ic a l in the s te e l, aluminum,
and can in d u stries.
Data on health, in su ran ce, and pension plans (table B -6 ) in ­
clude those plans fo r which the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p art o f the
cost. Such plans include those u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e rc ia l insurance
com pany and those p ro vid ed through a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f cu rren t op era tin g funds o r fro m a fund set aside
fo r this pu rpose. An establish m en t was co n sid ered to have a plan i f
the m a jo r ity o f e m p lo y ees was e lig ib le to be c o v e re d under the plan,
even i f le s s than a m a jo r ity e le c te d to p a rtic ip a te because em p loyees
w e re re q u ire d to contribute to w a rd the cost o f the plan. L e g a lly r e ­
qu ired plans, such as w o rk m en 's com pensation, s o c ia l se c u rity , and
ra ilro a d re tire m e n t w e re excluded.
Sickness and acciden t insu rance is lim ite d to that type of in ­
surance under which p re d e te rm in e d cash paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the insu red during te m p o ra ry illn e s s or acciden t d is a b ility . In fo r ­
m ation is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to which the e m p lo y e r c o n trib ­
utes.
H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , which have enacted
te m p o ra ry d is a b ility insu rance law s which re q u ire e m p lo y e r con trib u ­
tion s, 3 plans a re included only i f the e m p lo y e r (1) contribu tes m o re
than is le g a lly req u ired , o r (2) p ro v id e s the em p lo yee with benefits
which ex ceed the req u irem en ts o f the law .
Tabulations o f paid sick

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late
3
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California and

Rhode Island do not require employer

3
le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo rm a l p la n s 4 which p ro v id e fu ll pay o r a
p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during absence fro m w ork because of
illn e s s . Separate tabulations a re p resen ted accord in g to (1) plans
which p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting p e rio d , and (2) plans which p r o ­
vid e eith er p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p e rio d . In addition to the p re s e n ­
tation o f the p ro p ortion s o f w o rk e rs who a re p rovid ed sickness and
accident insurance o r paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated total is shown
o f w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e e ith er o r both types o f b en efits.

the d is a b ility , a m axim um age, o r e lig ib ility fo r re tire m e n t b en efits.
Paym ents m ay be at fu ll o r p a rtia l pay but a re alm ost alw ays r e ­
duced by so c ia l se c u rity , w o rk m en 's com pensation, and p riv a te pension
ben efits payable to the disab led em p lo yee.

M a jo r m e d ic a l insurance includes those plans which a re d e ­
signed to p ro te c t em p loyees in case o f sickness and in ju ry in volvin g
expenses beyond the c o v e ra g e o f basic h osp italization , m ed ica l, and
s u rg ic a l plans. M e d ic a l insurance r e fe r s to plans p rovid in g fo r co m ­
L o n g -te rm d is a b ility plans p ro vid e paym ents to to ta lly d is ­
p lete o r p a rtia l paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
Dental insurance usually
c o v e r s fillin g s , ex tra ctio n s, and X -r a y s .
E xcluded a re plans which
abled em p loyees upon the ex p ira tio n o f th e ir paid sick le a v e and/or
c o v e r only o r a l s u rg e ry o r acciden t dam age.
Plans m ay be u nder­
sickn ess and accident insu rance, o r a fte r a p red eterm in ed p e rio d o f
w ritten by c o m m e ric a l insurance com panies or nonprofit organ ization s
d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m onths).
Paym ents a re m ade until the end o f
o r they m a y be paid fo r by the e m p lo y e r out o f a fund set aside fo r
this pu rpose. Tabulations o f re tire m e n t pension plans a re lim ite d to
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the mini­
those plans that p ro v id e re g u la r paym ents fo r the rem ain d er o f the
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written,
w o r k e r 's life .
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




4

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in Y o rk , P a .,1by m ajor industry division,2 F eb ru ary 1 9 7 2
N um ber o f establishm ents

In du stry d ivis io n

M inim um
em ploym en t
in esta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

W o rk e rs in establish m ents
W ithin scope o f study

W ithin scope
o f study*

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plan t
Num ber

A l l d iv is io n s ________________________________
M an u factu ring_____________________________________
N on m anu factu rin g_________________________________
T ran sp o rta tion , com m un ication , and
oth er public u t ilit ie s 5 _______________________
W h o lesa le tra d e________________________________
R e ta il t r a d e ____________________________________
Fin an ce, in su rance, and r e a l esta te________
S e rv ic e s 8

_

O ffic e

P e rc e n t

T o t a l4

321

1 01

69,849

100

51,874

8,542

38,563

50
-

207
114

63
38

52,160
17, 689

75
25

40,454
11,420

5, 209
3,333

30,483
8,080

50
50
50
50
50

24
13
49
14
14

12

4,242
1,427
9,083
1,621
1,316

6
2

10

4
5
7

13
2
2

2, 728
(6 )
(6 )
( 7)
(6)

424
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6)

2,900
658
3, 092
727
703

1 Th e Y o rk Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget (fo r m e r ly the Bureau o f the Budget) through January 1968, co n sists o f A dam s and Y o rk
Counties. Th e " w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f study" estim a tes shown in this table p ro vid e a reason a bly a ccu ra te d es crip tio n o f the s iz e and com position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey. The
estim ates a re not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a ba sis o f com parison w ith oth er em ploym en t indexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce ( 1 ) planning o f w age su rveys
re q u ires the use o f establish m en t data co m p iled co n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and ( 2 ) sm a ll establish m ents a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 Th e 1967 edition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w as used in cla s s ify in g establish m ents by in du stry d ivis ion .
3 Includes a ll establish m en ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m inim u m lim ita tion . A l l outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com panies in such in d u stries as tra d e , fin ance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n s id ere d as 1 establish m ent.
4 Includes e x ecu tive, p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s excluded fr o m the sep ara te plant and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b les.
T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e re excluded.
6 T h is in du stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in estim a tes fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "non m anu factu rin g" in the S e rie s A ta b les, and fo r " a ll in d u s trie s " in the S e rie s B ta b les. Separate presen tation
o f data fo r this d ivis io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g reason s: (1) Em ploym en t in the d ivis io n is too sm a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it sep ara te study, (2) the sam ple w as not
design ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep ara te presen tatio n , (3) resp o n se was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep ara te presen tatio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re of in dividu al establish m ent data.
7 W o r k e rs fr o m th is en tire in du stry d iv is io n a re re p res en ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries1 and "non m anu factu rin g" in the S e rie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate po rtio n only in estim ates
'
fo r " a ll
in d u s trie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b les. S eparate presen tatio n of data fo r this d ivis io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the
reason s given in footn ote 6 above.
8 H otels and m o te ls ; lau ndries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile re p a ir, re n ta l, and parking; m otion p ictu res; n on p ro fit m e m b ersh ip o rga n izatio n s (exclu din g re lig io u s
and ch a rita b le o rga n iz a tio n s ); and en gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




O ver th ree-fo u rth s o f the w o rk e rs w ithin scope of the su rvey in the Y o r k a re a w e re
em ployed in m anufacturing fir m s .
The fo llo w in g presen ts the m a jo r in du stry groups and
s p e c ific in d u stries as a p ercen t o f a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

S p ecific in du stries

M a ch in ery, except e le c t r ic a l__ 18
A p p a re l and other te x tile
products_________________________ 9
P rin tin g and p u blish in g_________ 8
F ood and kindred produ cts_____
7
L e a th e r and lea th e r p ro d u cts__ 7

S e r v ic e in du stry m a c h in e s _____ 7
F o o tw ea r, except ru b b e r_______ 6
C on stru ction and related
m a ch in ery_______________________ 5

T h is in form ation is based on estim a tes o f to ta l em ploym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iverse
m a te r ia ls co m piled p r io r to actu al su rvey.
P ro p o rtio n s in va rio u s indu stry d ivis ion s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p roportion s based on the resu lts o f the s u rv ey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plantworker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields
the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of
the index. The percentages of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations
were based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate
between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in aver­
ages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

shows the percentage change. The index is the product of multiplying
the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding
year and continuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the
previous year's index.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plantworker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.
Limitations of Data

Method of Computing
Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group:
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerics, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A , B, and C
A and B
Painters
P ip e fitte rs
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Janitors, porters, and
Industrial nurses (men and
Messengers (office boys or
women):
cleaners
girls)
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group were totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years
were related by dividing the aggregate for the later year by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The resultant relative, less 100 percent,




5

The indexes and percentages of change, as measures of
change in area averages, are influenced by; (l) general salary and
wage changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.




Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups
in York, Pa., February 1971 and February 1972, and percents of increase for selected periods
A l l in d u s trie s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

P e r io d

In d u stria l
n u rse s
(m en and
w om en)

M a n u fa c tu rin g

S k illed
m aintenance
tra d e s
(m en )

U n s k ille d
p la n tw o rk ers
(m e n )

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

In d u stria l
n u rs e s
(m en and
w om en)

S k ille d
m aintenance
tr a d e s
(m en )

U n s k ille d
p la n tw o rk ers
(m e n )

Indexes (F e b r u a r y 1967=100)
F e b r u a r y 1971---------------------------------------------------------F e b r u a r y 1972_________________________________________

124.8
130.4

133.1
142.6

131.4
139.2

134.0
147.8

123.2
130.1

133.3
142.2

130.2
137.6

130.0
139.6

5.8

2.5
3.1
2.5
2.8
1.3
3.1
6.2
5.4
6.2
6.9
8.8
5.7

1.5
1.3
3.0
2.4
1.8
2.5
6.1
5.5
6.6
6.4
8.6
7.4

P e r c e n t s o f in c re a s e
F eb ru ary
F e b ru a ry
F e b ru a ry
F eb ru ary
F ebru ary
F e b ru a ry
F ebru ary
F ebru ary
F eb ru ary
F e b ru a ry
F e b ru ary
F e b ru a ry

1

I960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

F eb ru ary
F eb ru ary
F eb ru ary
F eb ru ary
F eb ru ary
F e b ru a ry
F e b ru a ry
F eb ru ary
F eb ru ary
F eb ru ary
F e b ru a ry
F eb ru ary

1961------------------------1962------------------------1963__________________
1964_______________ 1965------------------------1966------------------------1967__________________
1968_________________
1969------------------------1970__________________
1971__________________
1972-------------------------

D ata do not m eet p u b licatio n c r it e r ia .

3.4
2.6
2.0
1.4
3.3
4.3
5.1
5.3
5.9
4.4
7.3
4.5

5.8

(*)
(*>
<)
<)
<)
(>
(>
(*)
3.6

13.8
7.1

2.5
2.8
2.8
3.4
1.5
3.7
5.9
4.9
6.3
7.5
9.6
5.9

1.5
1.6
4.8
2.8
2.6
1.6
6.5
6.7
7.8
5.1
10.8
10.3

3.5
3.2
2.4
1.5
2.8
5.4
5.0
4.0
5.9
3.7
7.9
5.6

(!)

<>
(>
<>
<>
<‘ )
()
(*)
3.2
14.7
6.7

7
A.

O ccupational earnings

T a b le A-1.

O ffic e occupations—men and women

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis by industry division, Y ork , P a ., 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

N um ber of w o rk e rs receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

%
Average
weekly
Median2

$

$

*

*

$

t

1

*

*

t

»

*

»

t

*

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

y ......
180

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

1

60
M ean2

t

t

$

J

10
6

24
21

and
under

Middle range2

(standard)

65

and

MEN

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A — — —
MANUFACTURING

$
$
$
$
1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 1 4 1 .0 0 1 3 1 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0

22
21

4 0 .0

28

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

9 7 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .5 0

16

4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0

9 4 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0

65

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

2

1

J

WOMEN

B ILLE R S , MACHINE

(B IL L IN G

MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — — —
— —— — — —
—
B ILLE R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------

6
-

-

-

-

6

2
3

-

-

9

4

1
1

1

8
8

•

2

18
10

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

MANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
— —— — — — —

—
—

56
24
Z6
128

9 7 .0 0
1 0 4 .042
0

An n 1 0 2 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

"0
9 4 .5 0

00
9 1 .5 0

J??
LLA j j

M

75

275
94

Q7*
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
yn

n

/n J
4 0 *0J

1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 .,..0 0




8

13
12

J
6

14

20

10

10

10

11

28
20

13

8

23
23

10

8 6 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

8 4 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0

9 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 -

8

9 7 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0

138
22

See footnotes at end of tables.

13

8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

4 0 *0
'0 * 0
4 0 .0

131 *5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0

9 8 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

39 5 1 4 8 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 5 7 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 -

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

39

16

10
10

94 50

j

MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —

12

8 4 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0

22

j t v K c 1AK I t

1

8 1 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS* ORDER

RLTK UlivM UrLHA IUK j *

18
1

.

9 0 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

'0 0

55
53

1 1 7 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

40 0 1 2 ' 00 1 2 2 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 3 3 .0 0 1 2 7 .5 0 1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1"". "'0 1 1 9 . j 0
40 0

NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
— — — —— — — —

8 9 .5 0 9 5 .5 0 -

1 6 7 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

8

10

32

22

82
20

27
12

35
13

17
17

11

20
8

11

42
18
24

35
20
15

13
12

1

12

37
24
13

32
25

41
35

56
43
13

42
32
10

8

31
25

30
27

49
40

44
42

15

29
23

8
T a b le A -1.
(A v e r a g e

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s stu died on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
Weekly earnings 1
dard)
Number

P a .,

1972)

Num ber of w o rk e rs receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

*
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Y o rk ,

*

»

$

*

workers

t

t

t

1

s

%

$

$

$

*

*

t

1 -------- T

t

WOMEN -

SECRETARIES -

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

65

Sex, occupation, and industry division

65

70

75

80

-S i

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

-

-

5
3
2

3
3
“

1
-

6
4
2

19
11
8

6
5
1

11
11
-

9
8
1

20
20
-

12
11
1

16
16
-

3
-

1

4
3
1

7
2
5
5

60
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

and
under

and

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$

$

$

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

117
96
21

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 5 5 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

$

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------

241
178
63
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

118
78
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

102
80
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

71
43
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

-

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

2
2
~

-

-

-

6
6

23
12
11

28
25
3

_

_

“

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------

16

4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

141
99
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 8 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

68
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

8 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

91
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

183
104
79

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

9 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

1

“

1

1
1
“

“

-

1
1
-

4
3
1

2
1
1

2
2
-

20
3
17

17
6
ii

11
10
1

21
19
2

31
27
4

25
20
5

26
22
4
1

18
14
4
4

18
17
1
1

19
15
4
1

10
9
1
1

-

-

2

13
11
2

23
11
12

10
6
4

4
4
”

12
12
“

1

4

-

-

-

2

22
15
7

_

“

5
1
4

2
2

“

5
1
4

-

1

4

7
7
-

_

7
6
1

7
5
2

10
4
6

15
13
2

15
15
“

21
18
3

13
11
2

2
2
“

3
3

7
5
2

_

-

_

-

-

-

“

4
4

-

7
2
5

2

17
7
10

7
6
i

10
10
“

6
6

4
3
1

3
3
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

2
1
1

1

-

3

-

18
11
7

25
18
7

2
2
“

5
2
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

“
-

-

8
8

8
8

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

20

30
5
25

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

-

-

2

-

2

1

2

i

1

10
6
4

9
9

8
5
3

1
1
*

3

_

-

“

1
1

.

_
2
2

1
1

2
2

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

9
7
2
2

1
1
-

7
7
-

-

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

4
1
3

2
1
1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

_

*

-

-

-

.

-

-

3

_

12
8

10
10

6
6

-

10
10

9
9

3
3

~

2
2

6
6

10
6

2
2

8
8

12
10

13
13

12
12

13
10

10
10

16
6
10

8
6
2

36
31
5

21
21

17
15
2

8
7
1

8
7
1

3
3

2
2

1
1

3

_

_

13
-

-

13

_

_

_

_

_

9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—

*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

*

*

*

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING -------------------------

Middle range2

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

$
1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

$

110 120

120 130

-

-

*
130

-

*
140
-

140

t
150

-

150

t
-

160

*

160

170
-

170

t
-

180

t

100

190

190
200

$

1 2 6 .0 0

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 3 .5 0
2 1 9 .5 0

1 9 2 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 0 .5 0
2 5 0 .5 0

2 6 2 .0 0 2 2 4 .0 0 2 6 2 .0 0 2 2 4 .0 0 -

2 7 2 .5 0
2 7 2 .5 0

1 9 0 .5 0
1 8 7 .0 0

2 0 5 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0 -2 5 2 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0 -2 5 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

141
129

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 3 .0 0
1 9 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

16T
152

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 4 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 -

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

27
27

1 4 8 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




16
15

1 7 8 .5 0 1 7 7 .5 0 -

28
26

4
4

1
1

31
31

1 5 7 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0

23
23

2
2

5
5

1
1

2
1

*

t

210

t

210

200
-

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0 1 5 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----

U nder 100
S
and
100
under
_________ 110

S e x , occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Y o rk , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1972)

220

-

220

230

$
230
-

$

*

$

$

t

2* °

250

260

270

280

290

-

and

240

250

-

260

270

280

290 over

10
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1972)
Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
5*
28

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

$
9 9 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

16

B ILLE R S , MACHINE

Average

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

6 0 .0

9 5 .0 0

(B IL L IN G

SECRETARIES

-

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

Number
of
workers

-

53

3 9 .5

1 6 8 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

$
9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

AAA

1l i ' A A

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
<
fc

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

HANUF ACTURI NG —————— —— ———————
NONHANUF AC TUR1NG ——————————— —

186
106

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
j l u Kl

1A), I l ^

*

LLA^ j

D

117
21

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
65
62

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS B

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

72
65
27

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
4 0 *0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

139
72

6 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

78

6 0 .0

56
56

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

103

6 0 .0

23

4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

71

4 0 .0
6 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 1 9 .0 0

,

y a a 1 O/ CA
AA * A 1A? AA
AA A 119 00
AAA
4 0 .0

AAA

fz

*

y A A 11*" ' 0
AAA
4 0 .0 1 1 6 .0 0
COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS*

CLERKS* P IL E * CLASS C
NONMANUPACTURING — ~ ”

— — — — —
— — — —

7o

38

0

4 0 .0

115 00
1 1 5 .0 0

28

51
35
4 0 .0 16
COMPUTER PRUGRAMERS*

4U.U
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

122

6 0 .0

9 8 .0 0

75

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

280
99

6 0 .0
4 0 *0

8 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

33

6 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

68
66

529

6 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

92
83

130
22

60 *0
6 0 .0

2 0 2 .0 0
^A * A 2 1 8 .0 0
AA A 1 6 6 .5 0
i on .UU
138

16

BOYS AND G IR L S )-

17
17

/ A A 2 5 0 .5 0
A A.0 2 5 0 .5 0
A

100
62

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1A 1
129

' O O 193 00
AA* A 1 9 0 .5 0
.0

173
158

AA A 167 00
AA* A 1 6 1 .0 0
0 .0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
* *
o o
o o

MESSENGERS (O FFIC E

1 2 7 .5 0

8 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

* *
o o
o o

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B

6 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------SECRETARIES

See fo o tn o tes at end o f tab les.




NURSES,
1 5 2 .5 0

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

86
62

----15

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
159 00
1 5 8 .5 0

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o ccup atio ns

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1972)
Hourly earnings ^

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs oJ

Sex, occupation, and industry division

o
f
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

1 ---- i
i
1 ---- T
1 ---- t
$
~i--- ~l----1 ----1 ---- $
~S---- T
$
f
S
%
t
*
*
2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3. 20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3. 60 3. 70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.20 4.40 4 .60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.8
i
and
2.80 under
o
eg

J.

2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3. 30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3. 70 3. 80 3.90

*
o
Q

Number

4.40 4.60 4 .80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 trO

HEN
$

$

$

$ ^
-

r 1H tn tN

f

j

I A I I UNAKT

dU

J.OA
3.4*
3.40

3 49
3.39

X ff

▲ Of

ri?

“

3
3

4
4

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

•
8

3
3

-

-

8
8

*1

3.82

112

3.75

IN

-

1*4^

5*04

_

_
-

9
1

18
18

-

5
5

10
10

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

2
2

-

~

-

“

*

*

2
2

*

*

8
8

“

-

*

*

4
4

4
4

-

_

-

_

8
6

-

12
”

-

“

“
“
-

9
7

6
6

17
3

8
“

1
1

-

“

”

2
2

3
3

“

2
2

2
2

2
2

16
16

4
4

10
10

2
2

25
25

12
12

15
15

2
2
-

-

9

21
21
21

3
3
-

4
4
-

1

“

5
5
-

1
“

1
1
-

15
11
4
“

1
1
“

3
3
“

_

-

1
1
-

9

“

1
8
8

-

1
1
-

27
4
23
23

60
60
60

“

6
8

9
9

8
8

_

24

-

24

11
10

6
6

14
13

12
12

34
34

4
3

21
10

6
6

20
20

2
2

*

3
“

3
3

26
26

-

1
1

_

5
5

2
2

2
2

-

2
2

-

4
4

_

-

_

~

1
1

-

-

“

-

“

-

_

2
2

8
8

15
15

1
1

-

-

“

1
1

_

*

“

“

1
1

16
16

“

6
6

8
8

-

2
2

-

6
6

_

_

2

_

-

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

3*53

1
1

8
8

-

3*71

18
18

2
2

*

-

3*73

15
15

6
5

5
5
-

4*43

13
13

2
“

-

3.37- 4.18

1
1

“

*

A*Afl
•

-

“

”

. , . _

PIPEFITTERS* MAINTENANCE




19
19

*

*

2
2

1L K ^ | N A IN IL N A N L L

See footn otes at end o f tab les,

5
5

“

~

6
3

-

2

3*36

•A

17
17

5
5

7
7

7
7

3*33

5
5

*

4
4

3.13- 3.60

, ,, , , f
t

MECHANICS* MA INTENANCE
3*82

2
2

3
-

“

-

5*05
3*96

2
2

-

8
7

1" A I N 1L N A N L t 1

49

2
2

-

1
1

MECHANICS. AU TOMOTIVE
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

“

“

1
1

170
3.

Cf
82
52

" A 1N 1 l N A N L t

“

4*38

I L tK

n A N U r A L 1U N 1 H b

H A v H 1 N 1 j 1 ji

4*00

“

t*08

-

-

\ * 51

S A N U r A v 1U N 1 N b

-

•

-

-

“

-

-

9

.

-

_

“

“

3
3

-

-

-

”

“

”

“

5
5

14
14

19
19

12
12

31
31

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

12
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p ation s stu died on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n ,

Y o rk , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1972)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings ^

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ----

1 .8 0

1 .9 0 2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . AO 2 .5 0 2 .6 0

t-------- i--------- i------ 1----------i-------1---------- 1-------- i --------i ------- 1--------- T ~
2 . 70 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 . AO 3 .6 0 3 . BO A . 00 A . 20 A.AO A . 60 A.BO

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 ,1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 ,6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

-

10
10

A
3

16
16

12
12

32
32

2
2

7
7

3
3

18
18

2A
2A

6
6

2
2

“

9

-

-

A

9

1

-

3

7

1

2

-

-

1 .6 0
M ean2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

16A
163

$
2 .7 7
2 .7 8

$
2 .5 0
2 .5 0

$
2 .3 1 2 .3 2 -

$
3.0 A
3.0 A

”

8
8

1
1

1
1

5A

3 .2 3

2 .9 2

2 . A 1 - A . 63

-

-

-

-

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -------WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING

1 .7 0

1 ,7 0

S e x , occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

3 . AO 3 .6 0

3 .8 0 A . 00 A .2 0 A.AO A . 60 A . 80 o v e r

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

-

-

-

18

-

”

-

-

109

2 .5 5

2 .A 7

2 .2 8 -

3 .0 1

-

8

1

1

1

3

16

8

23

1

7

-

11

23

A

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

JANITO RS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

A77
32A
153

2 .6 6
2 .9 1
2 .1 A

2 .6 9
2 .9 3
2 .0 6

2 .1 0 2 .5 1 1 .8 6 -

3 .2 3
3.A 1
2 .3 7

A
3
1

18
2
16

38
2
36

25
11
1A

35
17
18

26
17
9

22
9
13

18
6
12

21
1A
7

1A
5
9

18
15
3

A9
A5
A

32
30
2

33
30
3

36
33
3

50
50

22
19
3

•
-

16
16

”

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------

852
533
319
207

3 .5 A
2 .9 8
A .A 8
5 .3 2

3 .2 5
2 .9 A
5 .3 3
5 .3 3

2 . 7 3 - A . 39
2 . 5 2 - 3.A1
3 . 2 9 - 5 .3 3
5 . 3 3 - 5 .3 3

-

_

-

1
1

8
A
A

13
2
11

66
6A

62
5A
8

A
2
2

16
7
9

20
20
-

51
50
1

72
70
2

AA
AA

120
75

3
3
-

-

A5

11
10
1
1

51
51

-

98
71
27

-

ORDER
F ILLE R S —
MANUFACTURING

200
121

3 .3 A
3 .6 5

3 .A 3
3 .A 5

3 . 1 6 - A .2 0
3 . 2 1 - A.3A

-

-

8

22
22

26
26

66
15

-

“

2
2

-

-

6
6

-

-

20
-

PACKERS, S H IPPIN G --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

191
15A

2 .9 1
2 .9 8

3 .1 5
3 .1 8

2 .3 A 2 . A0-

3 .3 9
3.A 5

_

9
9

-

8
-

12

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

105
7A

3 . A0
3 .3 7

3 .A 3
3 .3 7

3 .1 0 3 .0 A -

3 .5 2
3 .7 3

-

_

-

-

-

“

SH IPPIN G CLERKS -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

5A
52

3 .7 0
3 .7 1

3 .8 1
3 .8 2

3 . 3 1 - A . 05
3 . 3 0 - A . 05

SH IPPIN G AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

A3
27

2 .6 1
2 .8 9

2 .2 8
2 .7 8

2 .2 3 2 .2 7 -

78A
230
55A
398

A . 37
3 .0 3
A . 93
5 .A 7

5 .1 5
3 .1 3
5 .A 2
5 .A 2

52
19

2 .7 A
2 .6 1

2 .3 5
2 .1 0

TRUCKDRIVERS
-------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING - PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 / 2 TONSI ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

-

-

3 .1 7 - 5.A 2
2 . 5 7 - 3 .3 9
5 . 1 5 - 5 .6 2
5 .A 2 - 5.6 2

-

-

2 .1 8 2 .0 5 -

_

3
3

-

3 .3 6
3 .0 9

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

10A
100

2 .7 9
2 .8 0

2 .5 7
2 .5 8

2 .5 0 2 .5 0 -

3 .2 A
3 .2 6

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER
TRAILER TYPE ) -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

223
71

A .5 A
3 .3 2

5 .1 5
3 .1 9

3 .6 0 3 .1 2 -

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $5.20 to $5.40.
W o rk e rs w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
W o rk e rs w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




6
6

A
A

9
9

A5
28

20
20

19
19

_

-

_

8
7

15
15

13
13

A0
10

1A
1A

-

2
2

-

3
3

2
2

10
10

3
3

5
3

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

A
A

1
1

_

_

A
A

17
17

2
2

15
15

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

“

-

6
-

-

-

20
10

-

-

“

-

-

-

A
A

9
9

-

8
8

-

1
1

_

8
8

-

11
11

7
7

-

_

9
9

6
6

-

-

_

“

-

12
12
-

13
3
10
10

-

10

ii
u
-

13
9
A

16
1
15

32
12
20

1
1
-

39
35
A

1A
12
2

10
2
8

19
9
10

51
A1
10

A5
A1
A

23
23
-

_

6

_

1
1

3
3

3
3

_

~

1
1

_

”

13
“

_

“

10
10

A

“
_

_

_

_

1
1

9
9

12
12

1
1

36
3A

9
9

A
A

5
5

8
8

7
7

6
6

•

30
30

13
13

A
4

33
7

6
6

3
3

~

42 a t $ 5 to $ 5.20; 214 at $ 5.40 to $ 5.60; and 174 at $ 5.60 to $ 5.80.
42 at $ 5 to $ 5 .2 0 ; 42 a t $5.40 to $5 .6 0 ; and 42 at $5.60 to $5 .8 0 .

3
1

2
2

8
8

53
16
37

*2 0 6
—
206
206

*

-

-

_

-

_

“

-

50
50

-

-

5.A 2
3.A 9

*
**
+

-

2
2

-

3 .0 3
3 .3 9

2

6
6

*

_

2
2
-

1
1

-

_
-

1
1

”

-

-

- **A 3 0
A30
388

*

"

_

_

*

*

- 1 126
-

13
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l a n d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , Y o rk , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1972)
N um ber of w o rk e rs receiving straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of---

Hourly earnings 3

s

i

i

HEN -

T R U C K O R IV E R S -

t
S
4 .0 0 4 .2 0

S
$
4 .4 0 4 .6 0 A . 80

and
under

and

1 .7 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

4 .2 0 4 .4 0

over

$
$
1 *6 0 1 .7 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

1 .8 0

t
1 .8 0

t
1 .9 0

i
2 .0 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

*

*

*

-

-

-

i
2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$
2 .2 0

2 .3 0

$
2 .3 0

2 .4 0

$
2 .4 0

2 .5 0

*
2 .5 0

2 .6 0

*
2 .6 0

2 .7 0

t
.7 0 2 .8 0

.8 0

3 .0 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

t
3 .2 0

3 .4 0

t
3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

*
3 .8 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4 .6 0 4 .8 0

CONTINUED

C O N T IN U E D

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) ------------

39

$
3 .3 9

$
3 .3 5

$
3 .2 5 -

$
3 .6 3

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) -------------MANUFACTURING---------------- ----------------

504
438

3 .5 6
3 .4 5

3 .4 8
3 .4 2

3 .0 5 3 .0 1 -

3 .8 0
3 .7 8

89
56

2 .4 4
2 .6 5

2 .3 4
2 .4 6

1 .8 6 2 .2 1 -

2 .9 4
3 .2 8

*

”

18
8

7

“

“

-

12
12

28
28

8

15
10

4
4

2
2

”

“

*

*

20

3

13

”

”

“

26
26

7
7

24
24

44
44

90
67

57
43

83
83

2
2

6
6

-

-

6
A

A
A

5
2

1
1

6
6

7
7

3

*
-

8

*

88
88

-

29
*

WOMEN

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




3
1

1
“

8
5

2
2

-

“

-

*

14
B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s

Table B-1.

Minimum entrance salaries for women officeworkers

(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1972)

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturing
M inim um w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 4

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll
in d u stries

A ll
schedules

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied -------------------------

----------

-

A ll
schedules

40

XX X

38

XX X

9

8

43

26

25

17

15

2

2

3
2
3
8
1
7
1

1
1
1

1
1
1
4

2
1
2

2

29

20

19

3

1

1

-

-

-

1
2

1
2

-

-

1
3
3
6
1
4

1
3
1
-

1
2
1

-

"

-

1

1

1

1

1

-

“

1

-

3

1

1
1
1
1
1
1

1

1

3

-

1

"
-

9

"

1

3

-

"
-

1
1

4

4
1
9
1
“
1
1
-

9
1
1
1
-

1

~

"

"

1

1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______________

10

6

XXX

4

XXX

33

24

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not em p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y __________________________________________________

62

37

XXX

25

XXX

25

13

1

3

3

“

-

1

1
-

1
1

1
1

-

1

1

-

1

-

XX X

9

XXX

XX X

12

XXX

1

-

1

4

2
4

-

1

"




1

“

“

See footnotes at end of ta b le s .

3

-

1
1

$110.00 and o v e r ___________________________________________

40

63

$ 6 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 6 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------ -------------$ 6 5 .0 0 and un der $ 6 7 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 6 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 7 0 . 0 0 ------ - ----------------- -------------- —
$ 7 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 7 2 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 7 2 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 7 5 . 0 0 ____________________
___________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 and u n d er $ 7 7 . 5 0 —
.
-------------------------------------$ 7 7 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 8 0 . 0 0 ----- ---------------------------------------------$ 8 0 .0 0 and un d er $ 8 2 . 5 0 _________________________________________
$ 8 2 . 5 0 and un d er $ 8 5 . 0 0 __________________________________________
$ 8 5 . 0 0 and un der $ 8 7 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 8 7 .5 0 and un der $ 9 0 . 0 0 ---------- ---------------------------------------$ 9 0 .0 0 and un d er $ 9 2 . 5 0 ----------------- — ---------------- — ----- — —
$ 9 2 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 9 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------- —------------$ 9 5 . 0 0 and u n d er $ 9 7 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 9 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ------- ---------------------------------------$ 1 0 0 .0 0 and un der $ 1 0 2 .5 0 -------------------------------------------------$ 1 0 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 1 0 5 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 1 0 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 1 0 7 . 5 0 . ------------------------------------ -----$ 1 0 7 .5 0 and un der $ 1 1 0 .0 0 . ________________________________ —

4

A ll
schedules

101

E sta b lish m e n ts h avin g a sp e c ifie d m in im u m _________________

1

40

XX X

38

XXX

4

A ll
schedules

40

63

-

Non m an ufacturin g

B a se d on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f----

A ll
in d u stries

101

5
1
4
-

M an ufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

-




15

T a b le

B -2 .

S h i f t d if f e r e n t ia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m o u n t o f p a y d if f e r e n t ia l,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1972)
( A l l p la n tw o r k e r s

in m a n u fa c tu rin g = 1 0 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n tw o r k e r s —

L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g p r o v is io n s 7
f o r la t e s h ifts

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on la te s h ifts

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

S e co n d s h ift

T o t a l - ........................... ............... ..............................

75.1

52.3

13.7

5.1

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on la te s h if t _______

4.2

0.5

_

P a y d i f f e r e n i t a l f o r w o r k on la te s h i f t --------------

70.8

52.3

13.2

5.1

55.1

42.5

11.5

4 .7

_

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

T y p e and am ou n t o f d if f e r e n t ia l:
U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ___________________

_

5 c e n t s ______________________________________
7 c e n t s ______________________________________
7 V2 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ______________________________________
10 c e n ts _____________________________________
12 c e n ts _____________________________________
13 c e n ts _____________________________________
14 c e n ts _____________________________________
15 c e n ts -----------------------------------------------16 c e n ts ______________________________________
19 3
/io c e n t s ..---------- -----------------------------20 c e n ts _____________________________________
21 c e n ts ______________________________________
22 c e n ts _____________________________________
25 c e n ts _____________________________________
26 c e n ts ______________________________________
27 c e n ts _____________________________________
30 c e n ts _____________________________________

9.3
1.1
.8
2.6
9.7
1.4
4.1
2.1
2.8
4.7

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________________

15.7

9.8

.8
1.5
.9
11.2
1.3

1.5
8.3

5 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
7 7 2 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
15 p e r c e n t --------------------- -----------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

-

2.8
8.2
5.5
-

-

7.5
3.3
1.2
2.6
5.6
.8
_
2.8
1.3
-

8.2
2.8
5.5
.9

1.3
.4
.5
1.6
.4
.8
.5
.3
.6
.8
2.7
1.5
-

_
_
.5
.7
.1
.5

.6
( 8)
-

1.4
.6
.2
.1

1.7

.4

.1

.4

( 8)
.2
1.1
.2

16

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

h o u rs and d ays

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s
A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________________

35 h o u rs — 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------V2 h o u rs — 5 d a y s
---------------------------------V2 h o u rs — 5 d a y s __________________________________
3 8 V2 h o u rs— 5 d a y s
40 h o u rs — 5 d a y s —— ---------- ------------------ ------——
O v e r 40 and u n d er 44 h o u r s -----------------------------5 d a y s ________________________________________________
_
5V2 d a y s __ _______________________ _________________
44 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s------------------ -----------— —--------- —------------5Vz d a y s _
_
- ___ -______ _ _______ — _______
_
4 5 hou r s_______________________________________ ___ ____
5 d a y s — — — — —— _______ ____ _________________
5V2 d a y s ___ — — — — _ -_ — — — ___ ____
_ _
47 h o u rs — 5 V2 d a y s -------------------------------------------48 h o u r s
---- .I.---------------------------------------------5V2 d a y s — — — — — — —. — — — — . — .
6 d a y s------------------- —------------------ ------- —----------O v e r 48 h o u r s ---. . .
— -----------6 d a y s ________________________________________________

A l l in d u s tr ie s

100

100

100

9

7
-

-

5

-

1
5

-

-

73

2

86
~

-

-

2

14
14

36

2
4
-




P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

37

S e e fo o tn o te a t end o f t a b le s .

M a n u fa c tu rin g

72
1
C)

0

2
2
1
3
2
1
1
7
2
5

(?)
(? )
(9 )

(’ )
(’ )
2

1

(* )
92
1
(’ )
1
O

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

1
-

-

100
-

92
1

-

-

-

(? )
(9 )

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

(!)
9
t9 )

1

6
1
1

100

6

1
9

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

0

t9 )

-

-

17

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t d istribu tion o f pla n tw o rk ers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d ivis ion s by num ber o f paid holidays
p ro vid ed annually, Y o rk , P a ., F e b ru a ry 1972)
O ff ic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s -----------— ------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s _____________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

99

2

1

1
21
C)

-

2
10
3
1
16
5
1
20
1
10
7

2
9
4
1
14
6
1
25
2
9
10

20
21
60

100

100

-

(’ )

-

-

1

_

-

-

(’ )
16

1

16

7

-

N u m b e r o f d a vs
5 h o lid a y s —
. . .
.
--------------6 h o lid a y s .
- _
_
___ ________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s —
___________
____
7 h o lid a y s
____
—
— _____ - 7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s __ — _________ ____
8 h o lid a y s
—
. . . . .
___
. . . .
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
—
..
—
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
9 h o lid a y s —
.
— --------- -------------- —
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
.
.
.
10 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s
__
______
—
— _
12 h o lid a y s
—
- - — _______________
14 h o lid a y s -------------------- ---- ------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
17
19
40
45
61
64
76
76
97
98

10
18
20
46
52
67
71
82
82
98
99

_
60
60
60
60
80
80
100
100
100
100

(’ )
1
12
1
1
15
2
2
18
1
14
14
(? )
(’ )

-

-

2

18
28
6
-

6
1
2
14
3
4
28
2
12
19

-

48
_

-

-

-

-

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 1
0
14 d a y s _________________________________________________
12 d a y s o r m o r e
— _____________
- _ -------- 11 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
______ _____
- — ---------9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e 9 d a y s o r m o r e - ----------------- --------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ________ ___ _ ________________________
_
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ___ _______ _ ________ _________
_
_
7 d a y s o r m o r e __________ ______________ ___________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e —
__ __ _
_
_ _
5 d a y s o r m o r e - — ---— — — — -




C)
1

15
30
31
51
53
69
70
83
83
98
99

_
19
31
33
65
68
84
84
92
92
99
100

_
_
48
48
48
54
82
82
100
100
100
100

18

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a t io n s

(P e r c e n t distribu tion o f p lan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivision s by vacation pay p r o v is io n s , Y o r k , P a . # F e b ru a ry 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
83
13
4

100
79
17
5

97
97

100
91
2
7

100
100
-

-

100
95
1
4

(9 )

-

3

-

-

-

29
12
2
3

33
13
1
4

14
3
-

13
35
5
4

11
40
6
7

4
21
-

76
4
15
1
3

78
3
13
2
4

47
28
22
-

36
1
58
1
4

26
2
64
i
7

62
9
30
-

58
12
25
1
1
3

63
14
17

24
1
70

21
2
69

C)

-

17
74
9

29
11
52
2
2

31
15
47
1

3

4

29
10
52

3

31
13
47
2

2
3

4

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s ______________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t im e p a y m e n t________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t_____________________________
O th e r________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s ___________________________________

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 1
1
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k .-----------------------------------------------1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s —. ______________ _________

-

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s . _______________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s . ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________ —_____________

-

-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s — _______________________

-

2
4

_
17
69
11
-

-

1
4

1
7

16
1
77

12
2
79
1
7

-

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _____________:
____________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s . _______________________

3

.
-

69
28
-

(*>
1
4

6
86
9

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________

See footnotes at end o f tables.




3

_
69
28
-

16
1
77
1
1
4

12
2
78
1
1
7

6
86
9

-

19

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t in u e d

(P e r c e n t distribu tion of plan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivision s by va ca tion pay p ro v is io n s , Y o rk , P a ., F e b ru a ry 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 11— C o n tin u ed

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________

5
2
73
7
9
3

3
3
75
7
8
4

2
1
35
5
49
6
1

1
43
6
43
6
1

2
1
33
5
52
6
1

1
40
6
46
6
1

2
1
20
61
4
6
6

2
1
20
23
2
45
2
1
3

_

59
38
-

6

(’ )

.

(’ >
73
4
13
4

C)

.

80
4
8
7

89
11
_

1
5
24
2
62
5
1

19
4
68
7
2

24
67
9
-

14
55
28

1
5
21
4
63
5
1

18
4
69
7
2

11
80
9
*

1
24
60
5
6
5

14
45
10
28

1
5
5
75
3
6
4

7
74
4
8
7

11
68
2
9
9

1
24
21
3
45
1
1
4

14
3
52
28

1
5
5
19
1
65

7
18
1
67

(’ )
“
4

11
7
73
9

“
7

-

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ________________________ _______________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________ ________________
2 w e e k s — _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_
17
52
28
-

_
-

_

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______ __ _____________________________________
________________ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________ _____________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s __________________________

See footnotes at end o f tables.




20

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t io n s ----- C o n t in u e d

(P e r c e n t distribu tion o f p la n tw o rk ers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis io n s by va ca tion pay p r o v is io n s , Y o rk , P a ., F e b ru a ry 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 11— C o n tin u ed

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __ ______________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s __________________________
6 w e e k s _________________________________________________

2
1
20
17
2
39
2
12
3
1

_

i
24
14
2
39
1
14
4
1

_
14
3
26
28
26
-

1
5
5
13
(’ )
54
1
16
4

_
7
9
(9 )
50
26
7

11
7
56
9
17
-

-

(’ )

(’ )

-

1
-

1
5
5

.
7

_
11
7
43

4

14
3
21
28
32
-

2

-

(9 )

1
24
13

_

1
5
5
9
(9 )
48

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
_
1 w e e k ______________________________________________ __
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------- ------------------------------------------3 w e e k s .. ____ ___________________ _____________ __________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------- ------------O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s __________________________
6 w e e k s _________________________________________________

2
i
20
16
2
37
2
15
3
2

24

13
2
36
1
18

9

9

(9 )
49
(9 )
26

(9 )
37
39
7
1

4

9

30
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ..________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------6 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s __________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
1
20
16
2

2

37

36
1
18

2

15
3
2

4
2

14
3
21
28
32
-

(9 )
26
4

(!)
(’ )

7
9
(9 )
37
39
7
1

_
11
7
43
9
30
-

21

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , insurance, and pension plans

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y ed in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
h ealth , in s u ra n c e , o r pen sion b e n e fits, Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1972)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T yp e of ben efit and
financing 1
2

A ll in d u strie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

A ll in d u stries

Manufacturing

P u b lic u tilities

10
0

10
0
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits shown b e lo w ——-------------

1
00

10
0

10
0

100

10
0

1
00

10
0

10
0

100

10
0

L ife in s u ra n c e _____________________________________
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s ------ -------------A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n c e - - .
- N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------------S ick n ess and acciden t in su ra n c e o r
sick le a v e o r both 13___________________________

93
72

95
82

10
0

97
59

98
56

10
0

68

88

52

65
58

74
41

76
40

85
54

88

8
8

98

90

85

98

S ick n ess and acciden t in s u r a n c e — --------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s ---------------------------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
- - — — - —
w a itin g p e rio d ) - _
Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay o r
w a itin g p e r i o d )______________________________

83

66

87
77

66
52

73
47

76
49

62
58

23

14

67

59

58

80

-

9

17
3

32
28
99

L o n g -t e r m d is a b ility in s u r a n c e ------------ -----N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s_______________________
H o sp ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e _____ —--------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s _______________________
M e d ic a l in su ra n c e ---------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------------M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n c e --------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s—------------------------------D en tal in s u ra n c e — --------------------- —-------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------------R e tire m e n t p e n s io n -----------------------------------------N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s _____
___ — ------

See footnotes at end of ta b le s.




4

20
18
99
75
97
74
87

68
69
45
3
3
81
74

1
24
23

1
00
84

100
84
87
77
69
52

1
1

83
77

52

52

10
0
86
10
0
86
10
0
86
76
62
28
28
84
74

68

98

68
95
67
81
42
3
3
84
71

1
46
40

59

4
-

10
0
68
10
0

10
0

70
95
67
85
41
3
3
93
80

96

96

10
0
10
0
96
80
76
18
18
82
80

22

Footnotes
A l l o f th e s e

s ta n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y not a p p l y to th is b u lle tin .

1 Sta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y to ta lin g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e fi n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r ra te .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h ifts .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s tan da rd
w orkw eeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In c lu d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a te s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h ifts .
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d a y s that add to the s a m e am ou nt a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w i t h 9 f u l l d a y s and no h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d ay s and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d ays and 4 h a l f d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t
1
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s p ay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n ge s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
2
p l a n s " in c lu d e o n l y th o s e p la n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1
3 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s ic k
l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

The p r im a r y p u rp o s e of p r e p a r in g jo b d e sc rip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su rv e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
occupations w o r k e r s who a r e em ployed u n d er a v a rie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe re n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fro m esta b lish m e n t to e stab lish m en t and
fro m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e rm its the g ro u p in g o f occupation al w age ra te s re p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h asis on
in te re sta b lish m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility o f occu p atio n al content, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e sc rip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m those in u se in
ind ivid u al esta b lish m e n ts o r those p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u rp o s e s .
In applyin g these jo b d e s c rip tio n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld eco n o m ists a r e in stru cted
to exclude w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; t r a in e e s ; and handicapped, p a r t -t im e , t e m p o ra ry , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — Continued

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s statem en ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e oth er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m other
c le r ic a l w o rk incidental to b illin g o p e ra tio n s. F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , b i l l e r s , m ac h in e , a re
c la s s ifie d by type of m ach in e, a s fo llo w s :
B i l l e r , m ach in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m ach in e (co m bin atio n typing
and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e rs ' p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s, etc.
U s u a lly in v o lv es a p p licatio n of p r e ­
d e term in ed discoun ts and shipping c h a rg e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n sio n s, w hich m ay o r
m a y not be com puted on the b illin g m ach in e, and to ta ls which a r e a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated
by m ach in e. T he o p e ra tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e nu m ber o f carb o n co p ie s o f the b ill being
p re p a r e d and is often done on a fan fold m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m ach in e (bookkeeping m a c h in e ). U s e s a bookkeeping m ach in e (w ith o r without
a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e rs ' b ills a s p a rt of the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tion. G e n e ra lly in v o lv es the sim ultan eous en try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e rs ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly a c cu m u lates fig u r e s on a nu m ber o f v e rtic a l colu m n s and com putes
and u s u a lly p rin ts a u to m atically the debit o r c re d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a kn o w l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W o rk s fr o m u n ifo rm and stan dard types of s a le s and c re d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a bookkeeping m ach in e (w ith o r without a t y p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d
o f b u sin e ss tra n sa c tio n s.
C la s s A .
K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a kn ow ledge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b a sic
bookkeeping p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the stru c tu re o f the p a r t ic u la r accounting system
used . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tio n o f debit and c re d it ite m s to be u sed in each
phase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e con solid ated re p o r t s , balan ce sh eets, and oth er r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r section s of a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g little kn ow ledge of b a s ic bookkeepin g. P h a s e s o r sections include accounts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s to m e rs ' accounts (not in cludin g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d un der b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), co st d istrib u tio n , expense d istrib u tio n , in ven tory c o n tro l, etc. M a y check o r a s s is t
in p re p a ra tio n of t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e con trol sheets fo r the accounting departm en t.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l ta sk s such as posting to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
re c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e rify in g the in te rn a l co n sisten cy , co m p le te n e ss, and m a th em atical
a c c u ra c y of accounting docum ents; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d istrib u tio n co d e s; exam ining
and v e rify in g fo r c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a rio u s types o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lcu latio n s, postin g, etc.;
o r p re p a rin g sim p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p licated jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs.
M a y w o rk
in e ith er a m an u al o r autom ated accounting sy ste m .
The w o rk r e q u ir e s a kn ow ledge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffice p ra c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s
w hich r e la te s to the c le r ic a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o rd in g o f tra n sa c tio n s and accounting in form ation .
W ith e x p e rie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting te rm s
and p ro c e d u re s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not re q u ire d to have a kn ow ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e ra l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s w hich
r e q u ir e the a p p licatio n o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent, fo r e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p ro c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r non rep etitive accounting tra n sa c tio n s, se le c tin g am ong a substan tial v a r ie t y of
p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t ra c in g tra n sa c tio n s through p re v io u s
accounting action s to d e term in e s o u rc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y b e a s s is t e d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B accounting c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r c lo se su p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d eta ile d in stru ctio n s and sta n d a rd ize d p r o ­
c e d u re s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s, such as postin g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk sh e e ts w h e re iden tification o f item s and location s of p ostin gs a re
c le a r ly in dicated; checking a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e ss o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r accounting docum ents; and coding docum ents u sin g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting co d e s.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy ste m . M ay p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m a n u a l task s re q u ire d to m ain tain file s . P o sitio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s.
C la s s A .
C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s file m a t e r ia l such a s c o rre sp o n d e n c e , re p o r t s , te c h ­
n ical d o cu m en ts, etc., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g system containing a n u m ber o f v a r ie d su b ject
m a tte r file s . M a y a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M a y keep r e c o r d s o f v a rio u s types in conjunction
with the file s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o rts, c o d e s, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e ste d ,
w a rd s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m r e la te d

C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s routine filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n sy ste m (e .g ., alp h a b e tic a l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e ste d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i ll out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m sim p le c le r ic a l and m an u al task s
re q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C LE R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il, phone, or p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in volve any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m aking out an o r d e r
sheet listin g the item s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; checking p r ic e s and quantities of item s on o r d e r
sheet; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e dep artm en ts to be fille d . M ay check with c re d it
d epartm en t to d ete rm in e c re d it ratin g o ( c u s to m e r, ack n ow led ge re c e ip t of o r d e r s fro m c u s to m e rs ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o r d e r s re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in v o ic e s with o rig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA YR O LL
C om putes w a g e s of com pany e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
sh eets. D uties in vo lve: C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r production r e c o r d s ; and
posting c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll sheet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w o rk in g
d a y s, tim e , ra te , deductions fo r in s u ra n c e , and total w a g e s due. M a y m ak e out p aych ecks and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s.
M a y use a c a lcu latin g m ach in e.

The B u re a u h as d iscontinued co lle c tin g data fo r o ile r s

23

u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by sim p le (su b je c t m a tte r) h e a d ­
fin e r su bh ead in gs. P r e p a r e s sim p le re la te d in dex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly iden tified m a t e r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l task s re q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .

and p lu m b e rs .

24
COM PTOM ETER

OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

P r i m a r y duty is to o p e ra te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e m a tic a l com putations. T h is
jo b is not to be con fused w ith that o f sta tis tic a l o r oth er type o f c le rk , w hich m a y in vo lve f r e ­
quent u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , use o f th is m a ch in e is in ciden tal to p e r fo r m a n c e o f
oth er d u ties.
K EYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e ra te s a keypunch
tabu latin g c a r d s o r on tape.

m ach in e

to r e c o r d

o r v e r ify

alp h abetic

an d / o r n u m e ric

N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l d efin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r
com pany a c tiv itie s . The title "v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm a lly in d ic a tiv e o f this r o le , does not
in a ll c a s e s iden tify such p o sitio n s. V ic e p re sid e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to act p e r ­
so n a lly on in d ivid u al c a s e s o r tra n sa c tio n s (e .g ., a p p ro v e o r deny in d iv id u al loan o r c re d it action s;
a d m in is te r in d ivid u al tru s t accounts; d ire c tly s u p e rv is e a c le r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e re d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u rp o s e s o f applyin g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .

data on
C la s s

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.
a ll,

C la s s A .
W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent in se le c tin g p r o c e ­
d u re s to be fo llo w e d and in se a rc h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , se le c tin g , o r coding ite m s to be
keypunched fro m a v a r ie t y of s o u rc e docu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m som e routine
keypunch w o rk .
M a y tra in in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o rk is routine and re p e titiv e . U n d e r c lo se s u p e rv isio n o r fo llo w in g sp e c ific
p ro c e d u r e s o r in stru c tio n s, w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n d a rd ize d so u rc e docum ents w hich have
been coded, and fo llo w s sp e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e tail and re q u ire
little o r no se le c tin g , codin g, o r in te rp re tin g of data to be re c o rd e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s ite m s o r c o d es o r m is s in g in fo rm atio n .

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t)
o f a com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

a ll,
M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M ain tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
re s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a ir ly independently r e ­
c eivin g a m in im u m of d e ta ile d su p e rv is io n and guidance. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u s u a lly including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in com in g m a il, a n s w e rs
q u ir ie s , and ro u tes tech n ical in q u irie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in tain s the s u p e r v is o r 's

d.

m a in ta in s,

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

c a le n d a r and m a k e s

s u p e r v is o r to su b o rd in a te s;
o th e rs

fo r the

E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p osition s that a r e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
of p o sitio n s w hich a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the defin ition a r e as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s

b.

the

" p e r s o n a l"

se cretary

concept

C

2.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d ivid u al plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
D

1.
S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); or
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry staff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
tive o ffic e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n ician o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M an y com p an ies a s s ig n
ste n o g ra p h e rs , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s a s d e s c r ib e d a b o v e, to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)

E x a m p le s

d e s c r ib e d

STENOGRAPHER

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

c.
S te n o g ra p h e rs
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

not m e e t

5.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rtan t o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m an y a s s e v e r a l
hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

C la s s

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m oth er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l task s o f c o m p a ra b le nature and d iffic u lty .
The w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow ledge o f o ffic e routine and u n derstan din g o f the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

do

4.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u al plant, fa c t o r y , e tc. (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; or

1.
S e c r e t a r y to an execu tive o r m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situations in the definition fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o rg a n iz a tio n a l
unit n o rm a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen em p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tional segm en ts w hich a r e often, in tu rn , fu rth e r su b d iv id ed . In som e c o m p an ies, th is le v e l
in clu d es a w id e ra n g e o f o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h elo n s; in o th e rs , o n ly one o r two; or

appointm ents a s in stru cted ;

by

3.
S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r e ith er a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e functional a ctivity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u stria l r e l a tio n s, e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

C la s s

ste n o grap h ic and typing w o rk .

w hich

B

1.
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

routine in ­

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o rts p re p a re d
s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
P e rfo rm s

o f a m a jo r

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t)
o f a com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a rio u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk .
E x clu d e p o sitio n s that re q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sign ifican t duty.

f.

A

1.
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

above;

P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation u sin g shorthand, and to t r a n s c r ib e the dictation. M a y
a ls o type fr o m w ritte n copy. M a y o p e ra te fro m a sten o grap h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
fro m v o ic e r e c o rd in g s (i f p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

s e rv in g as o ffic e a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o sitio n s in w hich the duties a r e e ith er su b stan tially m o r e routine o r s u b ­
sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than those c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the definition;

N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o rm a lly
w o rk s in a con fid en tial re la tio n sh ip with only one m a n a g e r o r execu tive and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b definition.
S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e ra l

e.
A s s is t a n t type p o sitio n s w hich in vo lve m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e re s p o n s ib le te c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l duties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l of
s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .




D ictation in v o lv e s a n o rm a l routine v o c a b u la ry . M a y m a in tain f ile s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r ic a l t a s k s .

25
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

S te n o g ra p h e r, S en ior
or

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e lp on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g defin ition s.

D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such a s in le g a l b r ie fs
re p o rts on scie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and m ain tain file s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR

P e r f o r m s sten o grap h ic duties re q u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and re s p o n ­
s ib ility than s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as eviden ced by the fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f sten o grap h ic sp eed and a c c u ra c y ; a thorough w o rk in g know ledge o f g e n e r a l b u sin e ss
and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e ra tio n s , o rga n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , file s , w o rk flo w , etc.
U s e s this k n ow ledge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o grap h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l ta sk s such a s m ain tain in g fo llo w u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r re p o rts ,
m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; co m p o sin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m g e n e ra l in stru c tio n s; re a d in g and
routing in com in g m a il; and a n s w e rin g routine q u e stio n s, etc.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telephone sw itc h b o a rd handling incom in g,
outgoing, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s full telephone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r h andles
c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe re n c e , c o lle c t, o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , eith e r in addition to
doing routin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d fo r s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r as a fu ll-t im e
assig n m e n t. ( ''F u l l " telephone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs when the esta b lish m e n t has v a r ie d
functions that a r e not re a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le fo r telephone in fo rm atio n p u rp o s e s , e .g ., b ecau se
o f o v e rla p p in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and consequently p re s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m s as to
w hich exten sio n s a r e a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telephone sw itc h b o a rd handling in com in g,
outgoing, in trap lan t o r o ffic e c a lls . M a y handle routine long distan ce c a lls and r e c o r d to lls .
M a y p e r fo r m lim ite d telephone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L i m i t e d " telephone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u rs i f the functions of the esta b lish m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d erstan d ab le fo r telephone
in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the re q u e sts a r e routin e, e .g ., g ivin g exten sion n u m b e rs when
s p e c ific n am es a r e fu rn ish e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to another o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c la s s ific a t io n s do not include
a s s is t c u s to m e rs in p lacin g c a lls .

sw itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s in telephone com p an ies who

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In addition to p e rfo rm in g duties of o p e ra to r on a s in g le -p o s itio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e s w itc h ­
b o a rd , acts a s re c e p tio n ist and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m routine c le r ic a l w o rk a s p a rt o f r e g u la r
d u ties.
T h is typing o r c le r ic a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

(E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M ach in e O p e ra to r)

O p e ra te s one o r a v a rie ty o f m ac h in e s such as the tab u la to r, c a lc u la to r, c o lla to r, in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, etc. E x c lu d e d fro m this defin ition a re w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o exclu ded a r e o p e ra to rs o f e le c tro n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , even though they m a y a ls o o p e ra te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s co m p lete re p o rtin g and tabu latin g assig n m e n ts including d e v isin g
d iffic u lt co n tro l p an el w ir in g u n d er g e n e ra l s u p e rv is io n .
A ss ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f long and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich often a r e i r r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g , re q u irin g
som e planning o f the nature and sequ en cin g of o p e ra tio n s, and the use o f a v a rie ty o f m a ­
c h in es.
Is ty p ic a lly in volved in tra in in g new o p e ra to rs in m achine o p eratio n s o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e ra tin g sequ en ces o f long and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o es not include p o sitio n s in w h ich w irin g re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to
se le c tio n and in s e rtio n of p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lish e d p ro c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in ­
stru c tio n s. A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lve co m plete but routine and r e c u r r in g re p o rts o r p a rts
o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
counting m ac h in e s such a s the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r, in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es
u se d b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y be re q u ire d to do som e w ir in g fro m d ia g r a m s . M a y tra in
n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p e ratio n s.
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c ific in stru c tio n s, o p e ra te s s im p le tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m a c h in e s such a s the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A ssig n m e n ts
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e po rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, fo r e x a m p le , in d ivid u al s o rtin g o r c o llatin g ru n s,
o r re p e titiv e o p e ra tio n s . M a y p e r fo r m sim p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATO R, G E N ER AL

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e dictation in vo lvin g a n o rm a l routine v o c a b u la ry fro m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o type fr o m w ritte n copy and do sim p le c le r ic a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g dictation in volvin g a v a r ie d tech n ical o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in cluded.
A w o r k e r who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a ste n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ies o f v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
tions have been m ad e by another p e rs o n . M a y include typing o f s te n c ils , m a ts, o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r i a ls fo r u se in d u plicatin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c le r ic a l w o rk in vo lvin g little sp e c ia l tra in in g , such
a s keeping s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and re p o r t s , o r sortin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typin g m a t e r ia l in fin al fo r m when
it in v o lv e s com bin in g m a t e r ia l fro m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, etc ., of tech n ical o r unusual w o rd s o r fo re ig n lan gu age m a te ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typing of co m p lic a te d sta tistic a l t a b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity
and b a la n c e in sp a c in g . M a y type rou tin e fo rm le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
C opy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d ra fts : o r routine typing o f fo r m s , in su ra n c e p o lic ie s , etc.; o r setting up sim p le stan dard
tabu latio n s; o r copying m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and sp aced p ro p e rly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER

COM PUTER

OPERATOR

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the con trol c o n so le o f a d igital c o m p u ter to p r o c e s s data ac c o rd in g
to o p e ra tin g in stru c tio n s, u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk inclu d es m o st of the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru c tio n s to d ete rm in e equipm ent setup and o p e ra tio n s; lo ad s equipm ent with re q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e tc .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equipm ent into c ir c u it , and sta rts
and o p e ra te s com p u ter; m a k e s adju stm en ts to com p u ter to c o r r e c t o p eratin g p r o b le m s and m eet
s p e c ia l conditions; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s ca u se o r r e f e r s p ro b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m ain tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M a y test and a s s is t in c o rre c tin g
p ro gram .
F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter o p e r a t o r s a r e

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e ra te s in depen den tly, o r un der only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n , a c o m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s with m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly tested
and in trodu ced; sch ed u lin g re q u ire m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rtan ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e sig n so that id en tification o f e r r o r s o u rc e often re q u ir e s a
w o rk in g kn ow ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . M ay
g ive d ire c tio n and guidan ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e ra to rs .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in dependently, o r un der only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n , a c o m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o st o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lish e d
p ro d u ctio n r u n s , ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e re is little o r no testin g




O P E R A T O R — Continued

o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ire d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v id e d in c a se o rig in a l p ro g ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o rre c te d within a re a s o n a b le tim e.
In com m on e r r o r situ a ­
tio n s, d ia g n o se s ca u se and tak es c o r r e c t iv e action. T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s applying p re v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t iv e ste p s, o r u sin g stan d ard c o r r e c t io n tech n iques.
OR
O p e ra te s un d er d ire c t su p e rv is io n a com p u ter running p r o g r a m s o r segm ents o f p r o g r a m s
with the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e ra to r by in d e ­
pendently p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s and w ith freq u en t r e v ie w of o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C .
W o rk s on routine u r o g r a m s u n d e r c lo s e s u p e rv is io n .
Is expected to develo p
w ork in g kn o w led ge o f the com p u ter equipm ent u sed and a b ility to detect p ro b le m s in v o lv ed in
running routin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in com puter op eration .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e ra to r on co m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S

C o n v e rts statem ents o f b u sin e ss p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p re p a re d by a system s an aly st, into
a sequen ce o f d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s which a r e re q u ire d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by autom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. W o rk in g fro m ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r develo p s the p r e c is e in ­
stru ction s w hich, when e n tered into the com p u ter sy stem in coded la n g u a g e , cau se the m anipulation

26
COM PUTER

PRO G RAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

CO M PU TER

of data to ach ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f
com p u ter c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s, lo g ic em p loyed by c o m p u te rs , and p a r t ic u la r su b ject m a tte r
in volved to a n aly ze c h a rts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p ro g ra m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequence
o f p r o g r a m steps; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w ch a rts to show o r d e r in which data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e rts th ese ch a rts to coded in stru ctio n s fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ; tests and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in stru ctio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l d u rin g pro d u ctio n run; a n a ly z e s, r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m develop m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y ste m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s an a ly sts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p ay .)
D oes not include e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n of
oth er e le c tro n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily co n cern ed with scien tific
an d /or e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

p ro g ra m e rs

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s independently o r u n d er only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s which
r e q u ir e com peten ce in a ll p h a se s of p r o g r a m in g con cepts and p r a c t ic e s . W o rk in g fro m d ia ­
g r a m s and ch a rts w hich id en tify the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lish e d , and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s step s o f the p ro b le m so lv in g routine;
p lan s the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m in g action s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the com p u ter system
in ach ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts.
A t th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u ter equipm ent m u st be o rg a n iz e d to
p ro d u ce s e v e r a l in te rre la te d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts.
A w ide v a rie ty and ex ten siv e n u m b e r o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g action s m u st o c c u r. T h is r e q u ir e s
such actions a s develop m en t o f com m on o p e ra tio n s w hich can be re u se d , esta b lish m e n t of
lin k age points b etw een o p e ra tio n s , a d ju stm en ts to data when p ro g ra m re q u ire m e n ts e xceed
c o m p u ter sto ra g e c a p a c it y ,' and su b sta n tia l m a n ip u latio n and re se q u e n c in g o f data elem en ts
to fo rm a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p ro v id e functional d ire c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o rk s independently o r u n d er only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on re la t iv e ly sim p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le segm en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p ro d u c e data in two o r th re e v a r ie d sequen ces o r fo rm a ts . R e p o rts
and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u ced by re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r additions to o r
d eletio n s fr o m input data w hich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r action s so that the a c c u ra c y and sequencing
o f data can be tested by u sin g a fe w routine ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls with
routine r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e ra tio n s.
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) u n d er c lo s e d ire c tio n of a h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u n d er f a ir ly clo se
d ire c tio n .
M a y guide o r in stru c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p ra c tic a l a p p licatio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p ra c tic e s and concepts u su a lly
le a r n e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e sig n e d to d ev elo p com petence in the
a p p licatio n o f stan d ard p r o c e d u r e s to routine p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo se s u p e rv is io n on new
a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts; and w o rk is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e with
re q u ir e d p ro c e d u re s .
COM PUTER

S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

A n a ly z e s b u sin e ss p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s fo r solvin g them by use o f ele c tro n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. D e v e lo p s a co m plete d e s c rip tio n o f a ll sp e c ific a tio n s needed to en able
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l com pu ter p r o g r a m s . W o rk in vo lves m o st of the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s conditions and c r it e r ia re q u ire d
to ach ie v e s a tis fa c to ry r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s nu m ber and types of r e c o r d s , file s , and docum ents to
be u se d ; o u tlin es action s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e rso n n e l and c o m p u ters in su fficien t detail fo r
p re se n ta tio n to m an agem en t and fo r p r o g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in vo lves p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk and
data flo w c h a rts ); co o rd in a te s the develop m en t of test p r o b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r ia l runs of
new and r e v is e d sy s te m s ; and re c o m m e n d s equipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o re effe c tiv e o v e r a ll
o p e ra tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y ste m s a n a ly s is and p ro g ra m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as s y ste m s an a ly sts if this is the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th eir p ay.)
D oes not in clu de e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv isio n
o f oth er e le c tro n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y ste m s an a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n cern ed with
scie n tific o r en g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

sy s te m s a n a ly sts a re

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o rk s independently o r under only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a se s o f s y ste m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b ecau se o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s of
input data and m u lt ip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts o f output data. (F o r e x am p le, d e v elo p s an in tegrated
p ro d u ctio n sc h ed u lin g, in ven to ry c o n tro l, cost a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in which




SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

e v e ry item o f each type is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y ste m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p action s a r e initiated by the co m puter.) C o n fe r s with p e rs o n s con c e rn e d to
d ete rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tions o f new o r r e v is e d s y ste m s of data p r o c e s s in g o p e ra tio n s . M a k e s re c o m m e n d a tio n s, if
needed, fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y ste m s in sta lla tio n s o r chan ges and fo r o btain in g equipm ent.
M a y p ro v id e functional
a s s is t .

d ire c tio n

to lo w e r

le v e l

s y ste m s

a n a ly sts who a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W o rk s independently o r under only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on p ro b le m s that a r e
re la t iv e ly u n co m p licated to a n a ly z e , p lan , p r o g r a m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u rc e s o f input data a r e h om ogen eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y ste m s fo r m ain tain in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank,
m ain tain in g accounts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il esta b lish m e n t, o r m a in tain in g in ven tory accounts
in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe rs with p e r s o n s co n c e rn e d to d ete rm in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e rso n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y ste m s to be a p p lied .
OR
W o rk s on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r sy ste m , a s d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A . W o rk s independently on routine a ssig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in stru c tio n and guidance
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is re v ie w e d fo r a c c u ra c y o f ju d gm en t, co m p lia n c e w ith in ­
stru c tio n s, and to in s u re p r o p e r alin em en t with the o v e r a ll sy ste m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a sin gle activity.
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e sig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e rie n c e
in the ap p lic a tio n of p ro c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y ste m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m ay a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l sy s te m s a n a ly st by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s re q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fro m in fo rm a tio n d ev elo p ed by the h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly st.
DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s the gra p h ic p re sen tatio n o f c o m p le x item s h avin g d istin c tiv e d e sig n
fe a tu re s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fro m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e su p ­
p o rt with the d e sig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s.
A n a ly z e s the
effe c t o f each change on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , function, and p o sitio n a l re la tio n sh ip s o f c o m ­
ponents and p a r t s .
W o rk s with a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk is
re v ie w e d by d e sig n o r ig in a t o r fo r co n siste n c y with p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s.
M ay
e ith er p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ire c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r le v e l d ra ftsm e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a ssig n m e n ts that re q u ir e the a p p li­
cation o f m o st of the sta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g tech n iques r e g u la r ly u se d .
D u ties ty p ic a lly in ­
volve such w o rk a s:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s of s u b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u l a r sh ap es,
m u ltip le functions, and p r e c is e p o sitio n a l re la tio n sh ip s betw een com ponents; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c tu ra l d ra w in g s fo r con stru ctio n of a bu ild in g in cludin g d e tail d ra w in g s o f foundations, w a ll
se c tio n s, flo o r p la n s, and ro o f. U s e s accepted fo rm u la s and m a n u a ls in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y
com putations to d e te rm in e quantities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u se d , lo ad c a p a c itie s , stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itial in stru c tio n s, re q u ire m e n ts , and ad v ic e fro m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p leted w o rk is ch ecked fo r tech n ical adequacy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e tail d ra w in g s of sin g le units o r p a r t s fo r e n g in e e rin g , con struction ,
m a n u factu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu de is o m e tric p ro je c tio n s
(d ep ictin g th re e d im e n sio n s in a c c u ra te s c a le ) and sectio n al v ie w s to c la r if y p osition in g o f
com ponents and convey needed in fo rm atio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fro m a n u m b er o f so u rc e s
and a d ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d .
Su ggested m eth ods o f ap p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le
p re c e d e n ts , and a d v ice on s o u rc e m a t e r ia ls a r e given with in itial a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ctio n s
a r e le s s co m plete when a s sig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
DR A F T S M A N - T R A C E R
C o p ie s p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs by p la c in g t r a c in g cloth or p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s and tra c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not include tra c in g lim ite d to p lan s p r im a r ily
co n sistin g o f s tra ig h t lin es and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A ND /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC

re p e titiv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly

s u p e rv is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s on v a rio u s types of e le c tro n ic equipm ent o r s y ste m s by p e r fo r m in g one o r m o r e
o f the fo llo w in g o p e ra tio n s: M o d ify in g , in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o v e rh a u lin g . T h e se o p era tio n s
r e q u ir e the p e rfo rm a n c e of m o s t o r a ll o f the fo llo w in g t a s k s :
A s s e m b lin g , testin g, ad ju stin g,
c a lib ra tin g , tuning, and alin in g.
.
W o rk is n o n rep etitive and r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f the th e o ry and p ra c tic e of e le c tro n ic s
p erta in in g to the u se o f g e n e ra l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c tro n ic test equipm ent; tro u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p eratio n , re la tio n sh ip , and alin e m en t o f e le c tro n ic s y s te m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c irc u its having
a v a rie ty o f com ponent p a rts .

27
E L E C T R O N IC

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L (R e g is t e r e d )

T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

E le c tro n ic equipm ent o r sy ste m s w o rk e d on t y p ic a lly include one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g :
G rou n d, v e h ic le , o r a irb o rn e ra d io com m un ication s sy s te m s , r e la y sy s te m s , n avigation a id s;
a irb o r n e o r ground r a d a r sy ste m s; ra d io and te le v is io n tra n sm ittin g o r re c o rd in g s y ste m s; e le c ­
tro n ic c o m p u ters; m i s s i le and sp a c e c ra ft guidance and co n tro l sy ste m s; in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u rin g , indicating and c o n tro llin g d e v ic e s ; etc.
(E x c lu d e p roduction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c ra fts m e n , d ra ftsm e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e rs ,
and re p a irm e n of such stan dard e le c tro n ic equipm ent a s o ffic e m a ch in es, ra d io and te le v isio n
re c e iv in g s e t s .)

A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e w ho g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v ic e under g e n e ra l m e d ic a l d irectio n to i l l or
in ju red e m p lo y e e s or other p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r su ffe r an acciden t on the p r e m is e s of a
fa c to ry o r other e sta b lish m e n t. D uties in vo lve a com bination of the fo llo w in g : G ivin g f i r s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d re s s in g of e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keeping r e c o r d s
of patients tre a te d ; p re p a rin g accident re p o rts fo r com pen sation o r other p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y sic a l exam in ation s and health evalu ation s o f applican ts and em p lo y e e s; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in volvin g health education, accident p re v e n tio n , evaluation o f plant en viron m en t,
o r other a c tiv itie s affe c tin g the h ealth, w e lf a r e , and safety of a ll p e rso n n e l. N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s
o r head n u rs e s in esta b lish m e n ts em ployin g m o r e than one n u rs e a r e excluded.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A I N T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a rp e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to con stru ct and m aintain in good r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w o o d w o rk and equipm ent such as b in s, c r ib s , co u n te rs, ben c h e s, p a rtitio n s, d o o rs , flo o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w ood in an esta b lish m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and lay in g out of w o rk fro m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru c tio n s; usin g a
v a rie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h an dtools, p o rta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan d ard m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts; m a k ­
ing stan dard shop com putations re la tin g to dim en sio n s of w o rk ; and selectin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m aintenance c a rp e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts of m e c h a n ic a l
equipm ent o p e ra te d in an esta b lish m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritte n
in stru ctio n s and sp e c ific a tio n s; planning and layin g out o f w o rk ; usin g a v a rie ty o f m a c h in is t's
handtools and p re c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts; setting up and o p eratin g stan d ard m ach in e to o ls;
shaping of m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e to le ra n c e s ; m akin g stan dard shop com putations rela tin g to d im e n ­
sions of w o rk , too lin g, fe e d s , and speed s of m achining; k n ow ledge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e rtie s of
the com m on m e ta ls ; se lectin g stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent re q u ire d fo r h is w o rk ;
and fitting and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk
n o rm a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -sh o p p ra c tic e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l
ap p re n tic e sh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a rie ty of e le c t r ic a l tra d e functions such a s the in sta lla tio n , m ain ten an ce, or
r e p a ir of equipm ent fo r the g e n eratio n , d istrib u tio n , o r utilization of e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a rie ty of e le c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent such a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c irc u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs , heating un its, conduit sy s te m s , o r other tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fro m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d ra w in g s , layou ts, or other sp e c ific a tio n s; locatin g and d iagn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l
sy stem or equipm ent; w o rk in g standard com putations re la tin g to lo ad re q u ire m e n ts of w ir in g o r
e le c t r ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a rie ty of e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and testin g
in stru m en ts.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m aintenance e le c tric ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p erien ce u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m ain tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the op eration of sta tio n ary engines and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the e sta b lish m e n t in w hich em p loyed with p o w e r,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p eratin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
such as steam en gin es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to rs , tu rb in e s, v en tilatin g and r e f r i g ­
eratin g equipm ent, steam b o ile r s and b o i le r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
keeping a r e c o rd of operation of m a c h in e ry , te m p e ra tu re , and fu el consum ption. M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th ese o p era tio n s.
H ead or ch ief e n g in e e rs in esta b lish m e n ts em ployin g m o r e than one
en gin eer a r e e x c lu d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s sta tio n ary b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e stablish m en t in w h ich em ployed w ith heat, p o w e r,
o r steam . F e e d s fu e ls to fir e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l sto k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
checks w a t e r and sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay clean , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s one o r m o re w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m aintenance t ra d e s , by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keepin g a w o r k e r sup p lied with m a t e r ia ls and to o ls;
clean in g w o rk in g a r e a , m ach in e, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u rn ey m an by holding m a t e r ia ls or
to o ls; and p e r fo r m in g other u n sk ille d ta sk s as d ire c te d b y jo u rn ey m an .
T h e kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fro m tra d e to tra d e : In so m e tra d e s the h e lp e r is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and h olding m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and clean in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th ers
he is p erm itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s, o r p a rts of a tra d e that a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o peration o f one o r m o r e types o f m ach in e to o ls, such a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d ric a l o r s u rfa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s, o r m illin g m ac h in e s, in the construction of
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g
and p e rfo rm in g d ifficu lt m achining o p e ra tio n s; p ro c e s s in g item s re q u irin g c o m p licated setups or
a high d e g re e o f a c c u ra c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; se le c tin g fe e d s ,
sp e e d s, to o lin g , and o p eratio n sequ en ce; and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents d u rin g operation
to ach ieve re q u is ite t o le ra n c e s o r d im e n sio n s.
M a y be re q u ire d to re c o g n iz e when to o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls , and to select p r o p e r coolan ts and cutting and lu b ric a tin g o ils .
For
c r o s s -in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lro o m , in to o l and die jo b b in g
shops a r e exclu ded fro m this c la s s ific a tio n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E

(M a in te n a n c e )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o to rtru c k s, and t r a c t o r s o f an e stab lish m en t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g autom otive equipm ent to d iagn o se so u rc e o f t ro u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s that in volve the u se of such handtools as w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r sp e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a rts ; re p la c in g b ro k en or
d efective p a rts fro m stock; grin d in g and adjusting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a rio u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y ad justm en ts; and a lin in g w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k e s
and lig h ts, o r tightening body b o lts. In g e n e ra l, the w o rk of the autom otive m ech an ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rough a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip or equ ivalen t
train in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o es not include m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e rs ' v e h ic le s in auto­
m o b ile r e p a ir shops.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent of an e stab lish m en t.
W o rk in vo lves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m ach in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d iagn o se so u rce of tro u b le ;
d ism an tlin g o r p a rtly d ism an tlin g m a ch in es and p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the u se
of han dtools in sc ra p in g and fitting p a r t s ; re p la c in g b ro k en o r d efectiv e p a rts with item s obtained
fr o m stock; o r d e r in g the production o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop or sending o f the
m ach in e to a m ach in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n sp ec ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r the p roduction of p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m achine shop; re a s s e m b lin g m ach in es; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r op eratio n . In g e n e ra l, the w o rk of a m aintenance m ech an ic re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or equivalent
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E x c lu d e d fro m this c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
involve setting up or adju stin g m ac h in e s.
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m ach in es o r h eavy equipm ent, and d ism a n tle s and in s ta lls m ach in es o r heavy
equipm ent when changes in the plant layout a r e re q u ire d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and lay in g out of the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts o r other sp ec ific a tio n s; using a v a rie ty
o f handtools and r ig g in g ; m ak in g stan d ard shop com putations re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth of
m a t e r ia ls , and ce n te rs of g ra v ity ; a lin in g and b a lan cin g of equipm ent; se lectin g stan d ard to o ls ,
equipm ent, and p a rts to be used ; and in sta llin g and m ain tain in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n
equipm ent such as d r iv e s and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip or
equivalent tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o ra te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu re s o f an e stab lish m en t. W o rk in vo lves
the fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge of s u rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and types of paint re q u ire d fo r d ifferen t a p p lic a ­
tio n s; p r e p a r in g s u rfa c e fo r painting by re m o v in g old fin ish o r by p lacin g putty o r f i l l e r in nail

28
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L

h oles and in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap p lyin g paint with s p ra y gun o r b ru s h . M ay m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
le a d , and oth er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r co n siste n c y . In g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f the
m ain ten an ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l
a p p re n tic e sh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

up and op e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le types o f sh e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m ac h in e s; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fitting, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e sh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e .

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, steam , g a s , o r oth er ty p es o f pipe and pip efittin gs in an
esta b lish m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to locate
p osition of pipe fro m d ra w in g s o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with c h ise l and h a m m e r o r o x y acety len e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s; th read in g
pipe with stocks and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s; a s s e m b lin g
pipe with cou p lin gs and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g stan d ard shop com putations re la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e of pipe re q u ir e d ; and m a k in g stan d ard tests to d ete rm in e w h eth er fin ­
ish ed p ip e s m e e t sp e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rough a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip o r equivalent
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i ly en gaged in in s ta llin g and r e p a irin g bu ildin g sanitation
o r h eatin g s y ste m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain ta in s in good r e p a ir the sh e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu re s
(su ch as m ach in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to rs, chutes, ducts, m e ta l
ro o fin g ) o f an esta b lish m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and la y in g out a ll
types o f s h e e t-m e ta l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r other s p e c ific a tio n s ; setting

TOOL AND

D IE M A K E R

(D ie m a k e r; jig m a k e r; tool m a k e r; fix tu re m a k e r ; gag e m a k e r )
C o n stru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a g e s , jig s ,' fix tu re s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
punching, and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and
la y in g out of w o rk fro m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r other o r a l and w ritte n sp e c ific a tio n s;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f tool and die m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts; u n d e r­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s of com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ; setting up and o p e ra tin g of
m ach in e tools and r e la te d equipm ent; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop com putations re la tin g to d im en sio n s
o f w o rk , sp e e d s, fe e d s , and tooling of m a c h in e s; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts d u rin g fa b ric a tio n
a s w e ll as o f fin ish e d to o ls and d ie s to ach ieve r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w o rk in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fitting and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and se le c tin g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e ra l, the tool and die m a k e r 's w o rk re q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lro o m p ra c tic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rough a fo r m a l ap p re n tic e sh ip
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u rp o s e s ,
shops ?Lre e x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

tool and

die m a k e r s in to o l

and die jo b b in g

C U S T O D I A L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — Continued

WATCHM AN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routine p o lic e d u tie s, eith e r at fix e d p o st o r on to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In clu des gatem en who a r e stationed at gate and check
on identity o f e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e rs o n s e n te rin g .

and siz e o f c o n tain er; in s e rtin g e n c lo s u re s in con tain er; u sin g e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a t e r ia l to
p rev en t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and se a lin g c o n tain er: and ap p lyin g la b e ls o r en terin g
iden tifyin g data on c o n tain er.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ak e w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro tectin g p ro p e rty a g ain st f ir e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.

S H IP P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
(S w e e p e r; c h arw o m an ; ja n it r e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , a p artm en t h o u se , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er e sta b lish m e n t. D uties in vo lve
a com bin ation of the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m oppin g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s, t r a s h , and oth er re fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu re s; p o lish in g m e ta l f ix ­
tu re s o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and c lean in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w a sh in g a re e x c lu d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L

s ta c k e r;

s h e lv e r ;

t ru c k e r;

stockm an

or

stock h e lp e r;

A w o r k e r e m p lo y ed in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, s to re , o r oth er e sta b lish m e n t
w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e rc h a n d is e on o r fro m fre ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r oth er tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r sto ra g e lo catio n ; and tra n sp o rtin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e rc h a n d is e b y handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g sh o re m e n , who load and unload ships a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

study p u r p o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru ck w ithin a city o r in d u stria l a r e a to tra n s p o rt m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e ,
equipm ent, o r m e n b etw een v a r io u s types of e sta b lish m e n ts such a s: M a n u factu rin g plan ts, fre ig h t
depots, w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e sta b lish m e n ts, o r b etw een r e t a il esta b lish m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo ad o r unload tru ck with o r without h e lp e r s ,
m ak e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and keep tru c k in good w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
fo llo w s :

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p ic k e r;

F o r w age

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le rk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

H A N D L IN G

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r and
w a re h o u s e m a n o r w a re h o u s e h e lp e r )

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r incom in g sh ip ­
m ents of m e rc h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A kn o w led ge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u re s , p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s, a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f the goods sh ipped, m a k in g up b ills of la d in g , postin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and keeping
a file of shippin g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ire c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ire c tin g o th ers in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s of shipm ents
ag a in st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eckin g fo r sh o rta g e s and re je c tin g d a m ­
aged goods; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p artm en ts; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f ile s .

stock s e le c t o r ; w a re h o u s e

stockm an)

F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fro m sto red m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
ance w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru c tio n s. M a y , in addition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d icatin g ite m s fille d o r om itted, keep r e c o r d s of outgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
sition ad d itio n al stock o r re p o rt sh o rt su p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e rfo rm oth er r e la te d duties.

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be rated on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (co m bin atio n o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a ra te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (u n d er IV 2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (I V 2 to and in cludin g 4 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eav y (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a i l e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er than t r a i l e r type)

TRUCKER, POW ER
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p ro d u c ts fo r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by placin g them in shippin g con ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p era tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent upon the type, s iz e , and n u m ber
o f units to be pack ed , the type of co n tain er em p lo y ed , and m ethod o f shipm ent. W o rk r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping c o n tain ers and m a y in v o lv e one or m o r e of the fo llo w in g :
K n o w led ge o f v a rio u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r ify content; selection o f a p p ro p ria te type




O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tro lle d g a so lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru c k o r t r a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
goods and m a t e r ia ls of a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, o r oth er e stab lish m en t.
F o r w age
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

study p u r p o s e s ,

w o rk ers a re

p o w e r (fo r k lift )
p o w e r (o th e r than fo rk lift)

c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck ,

a s fo llo w s :

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----The follow ing areas are surveyed p e rio d ic a lly fo r use in adm inistering the S ervice Contract A ct of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional o ffic e s shown on the inside front cover.

Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A sh e v ille , N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, G a —S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B ak ersfield , C alif.
Baton Rouge, La.
B iloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, M iss.
B ridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
C la rk s v ille , Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth-Superior, Minn.—Wis.
Durham, N.C.
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F argo— oorhead, N. Dak.—
M
Minn.
F a yetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leom in ster, M ass.
F o rt Smith, A rk .—
Okla.
F re d e ric k —
Hagerstown, M d .-P a .-W . Va.
Great F a lls, Mont.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
H arrisbu rg, Pa.
Huntsville, Ala.
K n oxville, Tenn.

Copies o f public releases are

L ared o, Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
L ow er Eastern Shore, M d.-V a.
Macon, Ga.
M arquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a rie, Mich.
M eridian, M iss.
M iddlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Som erset
Cos., N.J.
M obile, A la ., and Pensacola, Fla.
M ontgom ery, A la.
N ash ville, Tenn.
New London—
Groton—
Norw ich, Conn.
N ortheastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, F la.
Oxnard-Ventura, C alif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, A rk .
Portsm outh, N.H.—Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, N ev.
Sacramento, C alif.
Santa Barbara, C alif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, M ass.—Conn.
Stockton, C alif.
Tacom a, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C alif.
Wichita F a lls , Tex.
Wilmington, D e l—
N.J.—
Md.

The eleventh annual rep ort on salaries fo r accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, d irecto rs o f personnel,
buyers, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en, and c le r ic a l em ployees. O rder as BLS Bulletin 1693, National
Survey o f P ro fessio n a l, A dm in istrative, Technical, and C le ric a l Pay, June 1970, $1.00 a copy, from the Superintendent o f Documents,
U.S. Government Prin tin g O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any o f its regional sales o ffic e s .




☆

U.

S. G O V E R N M E N T

P R IN T IN G

O F F IC E :

197 2 — 7 4 5 -1 0 5 /8 0




A rea W age

Surveys

A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d ire c to ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the request
o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased from the Superintendent
o f Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or fro m any o f the BLS regional sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front cover.
A re a

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1 ________________________________ 1685-87,
Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N .Y ., M ar. 1972-------------- 1725-49,
Albuquerque, N. M ex., M ar. 1971______________________ 1685-58,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—N.J., May 1.971____ 1685-75,
Atlanta, G a., May 1971__________________________________ 1685-69,
B altim ore, Md., Aug. 1971______________________________ 1725-16,
B eaum ont-Port Arthur—
Orange, T ex ., May 1971 1____ 1685-68,
Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1971 1__________________________ 1725-6,
Birm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1971 1_________________________ 1685-63,
Boise C ity, Idaho, Nov. 1971------------------------------------ 1725-27,
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1971_______________________________
1725-11,
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1971...................................... .............. 1725-34,
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971_______________________________ 1725-25,
Canton, Ohio, May 1971_________________________________ 1685-71,
Charleston, W. V a ., M ar. 1971__________________________ 1685-57,
C harlotte, N.C ., Jan. 1972 1_____________________________ 1725-48,
Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a., Sept. 1971____________________
1725-14,
1685-90,
Chicago, III., June 1971 1 _______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1971 1---------------------- 1685-53,
C leveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971_____________________ _____— 1725-17,
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971______________________________ 1725-19,
Dallas, T ex ., Oct. 1971__________________________________ 1725-26,
Davenport—
Rock Island— o lin e , Iowa—
M
III., Feb. 1971 — 1685-51,
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1_______________________________ 1725-36,
Denver, C olo., Dec. 1971 1 ______________________________ 1725-44,
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1971____________________________ 1685-70,
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1971 1______________________________ 1685-77,
Durham, N.C. (to be surveyed in 1972)
F ort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, F la. (to be surveyed in 1972)
F ort Worth, T ex., Oct. 1971____________________________ 1725-21,
Green Bay, W is., July 1971_____________________________ 1725-3,
G reen ville, S.C., May 1971 1____________________________ 1685-78,
Houston, T ex ., A pr. 1971 1______________________________ 1685-67,
Huntsville, A la., February 1972 1 — --------- ---------------- 1725-50,
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971____________________________ 1725-23,
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_______________________________ 1725-38,
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1971----------------------------------- 1725-39,
Kansas City, M o.-K an s., Sept. 1971------------------------ - 1725-18,
Law rence— averh ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1971------------ 1685-83,
H
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1971........... 1725-4,
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden G rove, C a lif., M ar. 1971 1------------------------- 1685-66,
L o u is v ille , K y —
Ind., Nov. 1971 1 ----------------------------- 1725-29,
Lubbock, T ex ., M ar. 1971 --------------------------------------- 1685-60,
M anchester, N .H ., July 1971---------------------;-------------- 1725-2,
M em phis, Tenn.— rk ., Nov. 1971 1--------------------------- 1725-40,
A
M iam i, F la ., Nov. 1971...................................................... 1725-28,
Midland and Odessa, T ex., Jan. 1972 1---------------------- 1725-37,
M ilwaukee, W is., May 1971------------------------------------- 1685-76,

 Data on establishment
1


40cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
40 cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
40cents
30cents
40cents
45cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
70cents
45cents
40 cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
50cents

30cents
30cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
30 cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
35cents

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A re a
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1-------------------Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1971________
Newark and J ersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1______________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 __________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1972_____________________________
New York, N .Y ., A pr. 1971--------------------------------------N orfolk—Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972_______________________________
Oklahoma C ity, Okla., July 1971 1_______________________
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Sept. 1971 1________________________
P a te rs o n -C lifto n -P a s s a ic , N.J., June1971______________
Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1970_______________________
Phoenix, A r iz ., June 1971_______________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1972_______________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1 ____________________________
Portland, O reg.—Wash., May 1971_______________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh,
N .Y . (to be surveyed in 1972)
Providen ce—Pawtucket—W arwick, R.I.— a ss.,
M
May 1971 1_______________________________________________
R aleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1971_________________________________
Richmond, Va., M ar. 1971_______________________________
R och ester, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations only), July 1971 1___
R ockford, 111., May 1971---------- ------- -.............................
St. Lou is, Mo.—
III., M ar. 1971 1_________________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, Nov. 1971_________________________
San Antonio, T e x ., May 1971 1___________________________
San Bernardino— iv e rs id e —
R
Ontario, C alif.,
Dec. 1971_________________________________________________
San Deigo, C a lif., Nov. 1971 1 ___________________________
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1_____________
San Jose, C a lif., Aug. 1971 1_____________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1971_________________________________
Scranton, P a., July 1971-----------------------------------------Seattle— verett, Wash., Jan. 1972_______________________
E
Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971_________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1971______________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1971______________________________
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1971 1______________________________
Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg, F la ., Nov. 1971 1-------------------Toledo, Ohio— ich., A p r. 1971 1_________________________
M
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1971----------------------------------------Utica—
Rom e, N .Y ., July 1971 1__________ _______________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—Va., A pr. 1971__________________
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1972^__________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_______________________________
W ichita, Kans., A p r. 1971_______________________________
W orcester, M ass., May 1971____________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1972 1.........................................................
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1_________________
W

Bulletin number
and p rice
1725-45,
1685-82,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

50 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
65 cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,
1725-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1725-24,
1685-81,

40 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-15,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1685-61,
1685-88,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1685-74,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents

J.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

FIRST CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N. D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




POSTAGE A N D FEES P A ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR