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D,

Area Wage Survey I

New England
Joh n F . Kennedy F e d e r a l Bu ild in g
G ov ern m en t C e n te r
Room 1 6 0 3 -B
B o s to n , M a s s . 0 2 2 0 3
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




Mid-Atlantic
34 1 Ninth A ve.
New Y o rk , N. Y . 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

Southern
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . , N E .
A tla n ta , G a . 3 0 309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

North Central
219 South D ea rb o rn S t.
C h ic a g o , 111. 60604
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

Pacific
450 G olden G a te A v e.
B o x 36017
San F r a n c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

Mountain-Plains
F e d e r a l O ffic e B u ild in g
T h ir d F lo o r
911 W alnut S t.
K a n s a s C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

Area Wage Survey
The York, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area




February 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-42
May 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Contents

P refa c e

Page

The B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p ro g ra m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
signed to p ro v id e d ata on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s , and e s ta b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry wage p ro v isio n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d ata by s e le c te d in d u stry d ivisio n fo r each
of the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r g e o g ra p h ic re g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S ta te s .
A m a jo r c o n s id e ra tio n in the p ro g ra m is
the need fo r g r e a t e r in sig h t in to (1) the m o vem en t of w ages
by o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w ages am ong a r e a s and in d u stry d iv isio n s.
At the end of e a c h s u rv e y , an individual a r e a
b u lletin p r e s e n ts s u rv e y r e s u lts fo r e a ch a r e a studied.
A fte r co m p le tio n of a ll of the individual a r e a b ulletin s fo r
a round of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t s u m m a ry b ulletin is is su e d .
The f i r s t p a rt b rin g s d ata fo r each of the m etro p o lita n
a r e a s stud ied into one b u lletin .
The second p a rt p re s e n ts
in fo rm a tio n w hich h as been p ro je c te d fro m individual
m e tro p o lita n a r e a d ata to r e l a t e to geo g rap h ic reg io n s and
the U nited S ta te s .
E i g h t y - s ix a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e included in the
p ro g ra m .
In e a c h a r e a , in fo rm a tio n on o ccu p atio n al e a r n ­
ings is c o lle c te d an n u ally and on esta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s
and s u p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v isio n s b ien n ially.
T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts of the su rv e y in
Y o r k , P a ., in F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 8 ,
The S tand ard M etro p o litan
S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the B u reau of the Budget
th ro u g h A p ril 1 9 6 7 , c o n s is ts of A dam s and Y o rk C o u n ties.
T h is study w as con d u cted in the B u re a u ’ s re g io n a l o ffice
in New Y o r k , N .Y ., H e r b e r t B ie n sto ck , D ir e c to r .
The
study w as u nd er the g e n e r a l d ire c tio n of F r e d e r ic k W.
M u e lle r, A s s is ta n t R eg io n al D ir e c to r of O p eratio n s.




I n t r o d u c t i o n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W ag e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _______________________________

1
4

T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ___________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a nd s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________

3

4

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n ____________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n ________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________

9
10
11

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s ______________________ !____________________________________
B - 2 . S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s __________________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s _________________________
B - 7 . P r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ______________________________

13
14
15
16
17
20
21

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

a re a s.

* NO TE:
S im ila r tab u lation s a r e a v a ila b le fo r o th er
(See in sid e b ack c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a rn in g s in the Y o rk a r e a is
a ls o a v a ila b le fo r s e le c te d food s e r v ic e o ccu p atio n s (F e b ­
r u a r y 1 9 6 8 ).
Union s c a l e s , in d icativ e of p rev ailin g pay
le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r sev en s e le c te d building t r a d e s .

6
8

22




Area Wage Survey---The York, Pa., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 of 86 in w hich the U .S . D ep artm en t of L a b o r 's
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s con d u cts s u rv e y s of o ccu p a tio n a l e arn in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , d ata w e re
o b tain ed by p e rs o n a l v is its of B u re a u field e co n o m is ts to r e p r e ­
s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix b road in d u stry d iv isio n s: M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er public u tilitie s ;
w h o le sa le tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e rv ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry grou ps exclu d ed fro m th e se stu d ies a r e
g o v ern m en t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r th an a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e th ey tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em p loy m en t in the
o cc u p a tio n s stud ied to w a r r a n t in clu sio n .
S e p a ra te tab u latio n s a r e
p ro v id ed fo r e a c h of the b ro a d in d u stry d ivisio n s w hich m e e t pub­
lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

allo w a n ce s and in cen tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu ded . W h ere w eek ly h ou rs
a r e r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffice c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s, r e f e r e n c e is to the
sta n d a rd w ork w eek (roun d ed to the n e a r e s t h alf hour) fo r w hich e m ­
p lo y ees r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of pay
fo r o v e rtim e a t re g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e ra g e w eek ly e a r n ­
ings fo r th e se o ccu p atio n s h ave b een roun d ed to the n e a r e s t half d o lla r.
The a v e r a g e s p re s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a reaw id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
In d u s trie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffer in p ay le v e l and job
staffin g and, th u s, co n trib u te d iffe re n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r e a ch job .
The p ay re la tio n s h ip ob tain ab le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a te ly the w age s p re a d o r d iffe re n tia l m ain tain ed am ong job s in
individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S im ila r ly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay
le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in any of the s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s should
not be a s su m e d to r e f l e c t d iffe re n c e s in p ay tre a tm e n t of the s e x e s
w ithin individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O th er p o ssib le f a c to r s w hich m ay
co n trib u te to d iffe re n c e s in p ay fo r m en and w om en in clu d e: D iffe r­
e n ce s in p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , sin ce only the
a c tu a l r a t e s paid in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific
duties p e rfo rm e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d a p p ro p ria te ly
w ithin the s a m e s u r v e y job d e s c rip tio n .
Job d e s c rip tio n s u sed in
c la s s ify in g em p lo y e e s in th e se s u rv e y s a r e u su a lly m o re g e n e ra liz e d
th an th o se u sed in individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts and allow fo r m in or
d iffe re n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ific d uties p e rfo rm e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sam p le b a sis b e c a u se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in volved in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob tain op tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n of
la rg e than of s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stud ied.
In com b in ing the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
tim a te s b a se d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p re s e n te d , th e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry grouping and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th ose below the m in im u m siz e stud ied.
O ccu p atio n s and E a rn in g s

O ccu p atio n al em p lo y m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to tal in
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the sco p e of the study and not the num ber
a c tu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e of d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p atio n al s tru c tu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s of o ccu p atio n al em p loy m en t ob­
tain ed fro m the sam p le of e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e only to in d icate
the r e la tiv e im p o rta n c e of the job s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe re n c e s in
o ccu p atio n al s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y of the
e a rn in g s d ata.

The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie ty
of m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s , and a r e of the
follow in g ty p e s: (1) O ffice c l e r i c a l ; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w erp lan t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O ccu p a tio n a l C la s s if ic a tio n is b ased on a u n ifo rm s e t of job
d e s c rip tio n s d esig n ed to tak e a c c o u n t of in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in d u ties w ithin the s a m e job .
The o ccu p atio n s s e le c te d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix.
The earn in g s d ata follow ing
the job title s a r e fo r a ll in d u s trie s com b in ed .
E a rn in g s d ata fo r so m e
of the o c c u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d ivisio n s
w ithin o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e ca u se
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m en t in the o ccu p a tio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough
d ata to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s sib ility of d is c lo s u r e
of in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P ro v is io n s
In fo rm atio n is p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s) on s e le cte d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v isio n s as they
r e la te to p lant and office w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p ro f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u tilized
a s a s e p a r a te w ork f o r c e a r e exclu d ed .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " include
w orkin g fo re m e n and all n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o rk e rs (including le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n onoffice fu n ctio n s.
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
include w orkin g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n su p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s p erfo rm in g
c l e r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ctio n s.
C a f e te r ia w o r k e r s and ro u tem en a r e
exclu d ed in m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but included in non m an ufactu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .

O c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown fo r
f u ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ire d to w ork a re g u la r w eek ly sch edu le
in the given o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a tio n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h if ts .
N on p rod u ctio n b on u ses a r e exclu d ed , but c o s t-o f -liv in g




1

2
M inim um e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffice w o r k e r s (tab le
B - l ) r e la te only to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is ite d . B e c a u s e of the optim um
sam p lin g tech n iq u es u se d , and the p ro b a b ility th at la r g e e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts a r e m o re lik e ly to have fo rm a l e n tra n c e r a te s fo r w o r k e r s
above the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l th an s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the tab le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
Shift d iffe re n tia l d ata (tab le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to p lant w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d both in
t e r m s of (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p re s e n te d in t e r m s of to ta l plant
w o rk e r em p lo y m en t, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t i c e , p re s e n te d in te r m s of
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly em p loy ed on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e of the
s u rv e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d if f e r e n tia ls , the am ount
applying to a m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , if no am ount ap plied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s if ic a tio n " o th e r " w as u sed . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e
la te -s h if t h ou rs a r e paid a t n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe re n tia l w as r e c o r d e d
only if it applied to a m a jo r ity of the shift h o u rs .
The sch ed u led w eek ly h o u rs (tab le B - 3 ) of a m a jo r ity of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e tab u lated a s applying to
a ll of the plant o r o ffice w o r k e r s of th at e s ta b lis h m e n t.
S ch edu led
w eek ly h ou rs a r e th o se w h ich f u ll-tim e e m p lo y e e s w e re e x p e c te d to
w o rk , w h eth er th ey w e re paid fo r at s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e rtim e r a t e s .
P aid h o lid ay s; paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in s u ra n c e , and p ension
p la n s; and p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e w ork (ta b le s B - 4 th rou gh B - 7 )
a r e tr e a te d s t a ti s t i c a l l y on the b a s is th at th e se a r e ap p lica b le to all
p lant o r office w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity of su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r
m a y e v en tu ally q ualify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis te d .
Sum s of individual
ite m s in ta b le s B - 2 th rou gh B - 7 m a y not eq ual to ta ls b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D ata on paid h olid ays (tab le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to d ata on h o li­
days g ra n te d an nu ally on a fo rm a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p ro v id ed fo r
in w ritte n f o r m , o r (2) have b een e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m .
H olid ays
o r d in a rily g ra n te d a r e in clu d ed ev en though th ey m a y fa ll on a non­
w ork d ay and the w o rk e r is not g ra n te d a n o th e r day off.
The f i r s t
p a r t of the paid h olid ays tab le p r e s e n ts the n u m b er of w hole and half
h olid ays a c tu a lly g ra n te d . The se co n d p a r t co m b in es w hole and h alf
h olid ays to show to ta l h olid ay t i m e .

D ata on h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p en sio n p lan s (tab le B - 6 ) in ­
clude th ose plans fo r w hich the e m p lo y e r p ays a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t. Such plans include th o se u n d e rw ritte n by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e
com p an y and th ose p rovided th ro u g h a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by
•the em p lo y er out of c u r r e n t o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a sid e
fo r th is p u rp o se.
An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e re d to have a plan
if the m a jo rity of em p lo y ees w e re e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u nd er the
p lan , even if le s s than a m a jo r ity e le c te d to p a r tic ip a te b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y ees w e re re q u ire d to c o n trib u te to w a rd the c o s t of the p lan. L e ­
g a lly re q u ire d p la n s, su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t w e re e x c lu d e d .
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e is lim ite d to th at type of
in su ra n c e under w hich p re d e te rm in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m ad e d ir e c tly
to the in su re d on a w eekly o r m o n th ly b a s is d uring illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d isa b ility . In fo rm atio n is p re s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p lan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s . H o w ev er, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w h ich
h ave en a cte d te m p o r a r y d isa b ility in s u ra n c e law s w h ich re q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d ed only if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o re than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r ( 2 ) p ro v id e s the em p lo y ee
w ith b en efits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts of the law . T ab u latio n s
of paid sick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to f o rm a l p la n s 3 w hich p ro v id e
full p ay o r a p ro p o rtio n of the w o r k e r 's p ay d uring a b s e n c e fro m w ork
b e ca u se of illn e s s .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p re s e n te d a c c o rd in g to
(1) plans w hich p rov id e full p ay and no w aitin g p e rio d , and (2) plans
w hich p rov id e e ith e r p a r tia l p ay o r a w aitin g p e rio d .
In ad dition to
the p re s e n ta tio n of the p ro p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id ed
s ic k n e s s and a c cid e n t in su ra n c e o r p aid s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p licated
to ta l is shown of w o rk e rs who r e c e i v e e ith e r o r both ty p es of b e n e fits.
C a ta stro p h e in s u ra n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as m a jo r m e d ­
ic a l in s u ra n c e , in clu d es th o se p lan s w h ich a r e d esig n ed to p r o te c t
em p lo y e e s in c a s e of s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in volvin g e x p e n s e s beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e ra g e of h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M ed ical in su ra n ce r e f e r s to p lan s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p aym en t of d o c to r s ' fe e s .
Such p lan s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in su ra n ce com p an ies o r n on p rofit o rg a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m ay
be paid for by the e m p lo y er out of a fund s e t a s id e fo r th is p u rp o se .
T ab u latio n s of r e tir e m e n t p en sio n p lan s a r e lim ite d to th o se p lans
th at p rov id e re g u la r p aym en ts fo r the re m a in d e r of the w o r k e r 's life .

The s u m m a ry of v a c a tio n p lan s (tab le B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a ti s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p ro v is io n s .
It is not in tend ed as a
m e a s u r e of the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s a c tu a lly re c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e ­
f its . P r o v is io n s of an e s ta b lis h m e n t fo r a ll len g th s of s e r v i c e w e re
tab u lated a s applying to a ll p lant o r o ffice w o r k e r s of the e s ta b lis h ­
m en t, r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v is io n s fo r p aym en t on
o th e r th an a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p aym en t of 2 p e rc e n t of annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e re d as the eq u iv­
a len t of 1 w e e k 's p ay. E s tim a te s e xclu d e v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p lan s and
th ose w hich o ffer "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a tic a l" b en efits beyond b a s ic
plans to w o r k e r s w ith qualifying len gth s of s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l of such
e x c lu s io n s a r e p lan s in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .

D ata on o v e rtim e p re m iu m p ay (tab le B - 7 ) , the h ou rs a f te r
w h ich p re m iu m p ay is r e c e iv e d and the c o rr e s p o n d in g r a t e of p ay , a r e
p re s e n te d by d aily and w eek ly p r o v is io n s .
D aily o v e rtim e r e f e r s to
w ork in e x c e s s of a sp e c ifie d n u m b er of h o u rs a day r e g a r d l e s s of
the num ber of h ou rs w ork ed on o th e r d ays of the p ay p e rio d . W eek ly
o v e rtim e r e f e r s to w ork in e x c e s s of a s p e c ifie d n u m b er of h o u rs
p e r w eek r e g a r d le s s of the day on w h ich it is p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b er
of h o u rs p er d ay, o r n um ber of d ays w o rk ed .

1 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e of S u r v e y and N u m b er S tudied in Y o r k , P a ., 1 by M a jo r In d u s tr y D iv is io n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1968
N u m b er o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

M in im u m
em p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s co p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s co p e o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

P la n t
N u m b er

A ll d iv is io n s _____________________ _______ ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________ _______
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________ ______
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ____________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ----------S e r v ic e s 8_______________________________________

_

Studied

T o ta l4

S tu d ied

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

314

105

63, 900

100

4 8 ,8 0 0

6, 900

3 5 ,7 7 0

50

227

67

5 1 ,5 0 0

81

4 0 ,5 0 0

5, 000

27, 570

-

87

38

1 2 ,4 0 0

19

8, 300

1 ,9 0 0

8, 200

50

21

12

3, 400

5

2, 200

400

2, 870

50

8

4

900

1

50

37

11

6, 000

50

9
12

4

1, 0 0 0

9
2

7

1, 100

2

50

(‘ )
(6 )
( )
(6)

(6)
(6 )
(6 )
(6)

570
3, 390
630
740

1 T h e Y o r k S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin ed by the B u re a u of the B u d g et th ro u g h A p ril 1 9 6 7 , c o n s is t s of A dam s and Y o r k C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in sco p e of study"
e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r, to s e r v e
a s a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e ( 1 ) p lanning of w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e of e s t a b lis h m e n t data co m p iled
c o n s id e r a b ly in ad v a n c e of the p a y r o ll p e rio d stu d ie d , and ( 2) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e of th e s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the S ta n d a rd In d u s tr ia l C la s s i f i c a t i o n M anual w as u se d in c la s s if y in g e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y in d u str y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r ab ove the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s t r ie s a s tr a d e , f in a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o th e r w o r k e r s e xclu d ed fr o m the s e p a r a te p la n t and o ffic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w ere e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a i l i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
of d ata f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o re of the follow in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d ata to m e r it s e p a r a t e stu d y, (2) the sam p le was
not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u f fic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t io n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of individ ual
e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n te d in e s t i m a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t fr o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o rtio n only in
e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r i e s B ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n of d a ta f o r th is d iv is io n is n ot m ad e f o r one o r m o r e of the r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




F o u r - fif t h s of th e w o r k e r s w ith in sco p e of the s u rv e y in th e Y o r k a r e a w e re
em p lo y ed in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g ta b le p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u str y gro u p s
and s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a l l m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s

M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ___ 14
A p p a re l and o th e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c ts _________________________ 10
F u rn itu r e and f i x t u r e s __________ 8
Fo o d and k in d re d p r o d u c t s _____ 7
L e a th e r and l e a t h e r
p r o d u c ts ________________________ 7
T e x t ile m ill p r o d u c t s ___________ 7

F o o tw e a r , e x c e p t
r u b b e r ___________________________
S e r v ic e in d u str y
m a c h in e s ________________________
C o n s tru c tio n and
r e la t e d m a c h i n e r y _____________
E l e c t r i c i a l lig h tin g and
w irin g e q u ip m e n t______________

7
5
4
4

T h is in fo rm a tio n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e riv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s co m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fro m p ro p o rtio n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f the s u rv e y a s shown in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

4

W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in tab le 2 a r e in d exes and p e rc e n ta g e s of chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s of s e le c te d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s . The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w ag es a t a given tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w ages d uring the b a se p e rio d (d ate of th e a r e a s u rv e y con d u cted
betw een Ju ly I9 6 0 and Ju n e 1 9 6 1).
S u b tractin g 100 fro m the in dex
yield s the p e rc e n ta g e ch an ge in w ag es fr o m the b a se p e rio d to the
d ate of the in d ex.
The p e rc e n ta g e s of chan ge o r in c r e a s e r e la te to
w age ch an g es b etw een th e in d icated d a te s .
T h e se e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not intended
to m e a s u re a v e r a g e pay ch an g es in th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .

in th e o ccu p atio n al grou p . T h e s e c o n sta n t w eig h ts r e f le c t b a se y e a r
em p loy m en ts w h e re v e r p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a rn in g s fo r
e a c h o ccu p ation w e re m u ltip lied by the o c c u p a tio n a l w eigh t, and the
p ro d u cts fo r all occu p atio n s in th e grou p w e r e to ta le d . The a g g r e g a te s
fo r 2 c o n se c u tiv e y e a r s w e re r e la te d by dividing the a g g re g a te fo r
th e l a t e r y e a r by the a g g re g a te fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re s u lta n t
r e la tiv e , le s s 100 p e rc e n t, show s the p e r c e n ta g e ch an g e. The in d ex
is the p rod u ct of m ultiplying the b a s e y e a r r e la tiv e (1 0 0 ) by the re la tiv e
fo r the n ext su cceed in g y e a r and continuing to m u ltip ly (com pound)
e a ch y e a r ’s r e la tiv e by the p re v io u s y e a r ’ s in d ex. A v e ra g e e a rn in g s
fo r th e following occu p atio n s w e re u sed in com p u tin g the w age tre n d s :

M ethod of Com puting
E a c h of the s e le c te d key o ccu p atio n s w ithin an o c cu p a tio n a l
group w as a s sig n e d a w eigh t b ased on its p ro p o rtio n a te em p loy m en t
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en):
B o o k k ee p in g -m a ch in e operators,
class B
C lerks, a cco u n tin g , classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A, B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C om p tom eter operators
K eypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffic e boys and girls

T a b le 2.

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en)—
Continued
S e c re ta rie s
Stenographers, gen eral
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e operators,
class B
T y p ists, classes A and B

Indexes of Standard W eekly S a la ries and S tra ig h t-T im e H ourly Earnings for S e le c te d O ccup atio n al Groups in Y o rk , Pa. ,
February 1968 and February 1 9 6 7 , and Percents o f Increase for S e le c te d Periods

February 1962
to
February 1963

February 1961
to
February 1962

1. 4

2 .0

2. 6

(M

(M

(M

1. 5
2. 6

3. 4
2. 8

2. 8
4. 8

2. 8
1. 6

5. 4

2. 8

1. 5

2. 4

3. 2

( 1)
3. 1
2. 5

(*)
1. 3
1. 8

(M

(M

2. 8
2. 4

2. 5
3 .0

( 1)
3. 1
1. 3

February 1 967

February 1 9 6 6
to
February 1 9 6 7

126. 4

120. 1

5. 3

5. 1

4. 3

3. 3

(l)

(M

(l)

4 .9
6. 7

5. 9
6. 5

( J)
3. 7
1. 6

0)

127. 8
129. 5

(*)
121. 9
121. 4

1 2 7 .0

122. 1

4 .0

5. 0

(l )

0)

5 .4
5. 5

6. 2
6. 1

February 1968

(M
1 2 7 .0
124. 8

1 D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c rite ria .




Percents of in crease

(M
120. 5
118. 3

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964
to
February 1965

February 1 967
to
February 1968

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l group

Ma nuf ac turi ng:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )--------Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )------S k ille d m ain ten a n ce ( m e n ) - - ---------------U nskilled plant ( m e n ) ----------------------------

U n skilled p lan t (m en ):
Jan itors, porters, and cle a n ers
Laborers, m a te ria l handling

Industrial nurses (m en and w om en):
Nurses, industrial (registered )

Indexes
(February 1961= 100)

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )--------Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )------S k ille d m ain te n a n ce ( m e n ) - - - — ------- —
U nskilled p lan t ( m e n ) ------------------ ------ --

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en ):
C arpe nters
E le c tric ia n s
M achinists
M e ch an ics
M e ch a n ics (au to m o tiv e )
Pa inters
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m akers

February 1963
to
February 196 4

February 1960
to
February 1961

3.
5.
2.
1.

4
8
5
5

3. 5
5 .8
2. 5
1. 5

5
F o r o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the w age
tre n d s r e l a t e to r e g u la r w eek ly s a l a r i e s fo r the n o rm a l w ork w eek ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a rn in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r p lant w o rk e r g ro u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e ch an g es in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a rn in g s , exclu d in g
p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and
la te s h ifts . The p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b ased on d ata fo r s e le c te d k ey o c c u ­
p atio n s and in clu d e m o s t of the n u m e ric a lly im p o rta n t job s w ithin
e a c h g ro u p .

C hanges in the la b o r fo r c e can c a u se i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o ccu p atio n al a v e r a g e s w ithout a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s. It is con ceiv ab le
th at even though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a gave w age in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag es m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n te re d the a r e a o r expanded th e ir w o rk f o r c e s . S im ila rly , w ages
m a y have re m a in e d r e la tiv e ly c o n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e ca u se h ig h e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n te re d the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of D ata
T h e in d e x e s and p e rc e n ta g e s of ch an ge, as m e a s u r e s of
chan ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e influenced by:
(1) g e n e ra l s a l a r y and
w age c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o th er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in di­
vid u al w o r k e r s w hile in the s am e job , and (3) ch an ges in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to ch an g es in the la b o r fo rc e re s u ltin g fro m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e re d u c tio n s , and ch an ges in the p r o p o r ­
tion s of w o r k e r s em p loy ed by e s ta b lis h m e n ts with d iffe re n t p ay le v e ls .




The u se of co n stan t em p loy m en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe ct
of ch an ges in the p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs r e p re s e n te d in e a ch job in­
cluded in the d ata.
The p e rc e n ta g e s of change r e f l e c t only changes
in a v e r a g e p ay fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rs .
T h ey a r e not influenced by
ch an g es in s ta n d a rd w ork sch e d u le s , a s su ch , o r by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y , d ata w e re ad ju sted to rem o v e fro m
the in d exes and p e rc e n ta g e s of change any s ig n ifica n t e ffe ct cau sed
by ch an ges in the sco p e of the s u rv e y .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 8 )
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex , occupation, and indu stry division

Number
of
workers

Average
w eekly
hours1
( standard)

S
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

'»

60
Under
and
$
under
60

65

-Number of w orkers re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w eekly e a rn in g s of—
%
$
$
$
i
*
t
S
$
»
S
S
1
%
1
95
100
90
95
1 05
70
75
80
115
125
145
110
130
1 35
120
140
-

-

65

70

75

80

85

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

and

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

-

i
“

1
1

-

-

6
5

2
1

4
3

1

V
4

1
1

-

-

~
1

-

4

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

M
EN
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------CLERKS. OROER ------------------------------OFFICE BOYS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------W EN
OM

20
15

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

17

$
$
$
$
1 1 8 .5 0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 2 . 5 0 - 1 3 1 . 0 0
1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 1 .5 0 1 1 3 . 0 0 - 1 3 2 . 5 0

-

-

-

4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

-23 _ 3 9 . 0
._18 3 9 . 0

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 - 8 5 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 9 0 .5 0

”

~

3

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

2

7

2

_

5
4

9
5

-

4
4

l
1

3
3

1
1

11
7
4

21
16
5

9
8
1

9

-

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLIN G

MACHINE! ---- ----------------

7

MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

63
38
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

6 8 .0 0 - 8 1 .5 0
7 0 .0 0 - 7 9 .0 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 8 7 .0 0

2
2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

15
15

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

_

_

3

“

“

3

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

72
52
20

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

8 1 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

68. 00- 86.00
7 4 . 0 0 - 8 8 .0 0
6 2 .0 0 - 7 4 .0 0

_
-

15
1
14

5
4
1

11
10
1

2
2
~

19
15
4

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

39
21
18

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

2
2

2

2

-

-

5

1
1

2

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS 8 —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

167
78

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

8 1 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

CLERKS. F I L E , CLASS C ----------------

15

3 9 .5

7 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

34
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS. PAYROLL ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

135
121

4

4
4

-

4
4

2

5
5
-

5
5
-

1
1

22
12

20
15

3
1

2
2

3
2

1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2
2
-

1
1
-

2
1
1

6
6
-

_

1
1
-

-

7
7

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

7 3 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0

-

1
”

15
3

35
10

24
6

33
19

7 1 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 - 7 5 .0 0

-

1

5

6

2

1

7 5 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

7 4 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

6 8 . 5 0 - 8 2 .5 0
6 8 .0 0 - 7 9 .5 0

-

2
2

10
10

7
7

4
4

6
2

3

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

3

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 6 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 - 8 3 .5 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 8 2 .5 0

-

8
8

14
12

43
39

20
20

26
24

3

10
10

6
4

1
1

2
1

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

3

7

-

3

14

1

6

8

2

13

-

-

-

-

-

13
7
6

22
9
13

17
3
14

23
1
22

13
10

1
1

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

9
6
3

_

“

53
8
45

18
14
4
-

15
11
4
1

21
17
4
1

31
23
8
7

38
30
8

20
13
7

23
19
4
3

14
13
1

19
14
5
3

26
26

5
5

14
14

-

-

-

~

28
22
6
3

“

-

6
4
2
1

-

5
4

7
7

3
3

4
4

1
“

5
3

6
6

1
1

4
4

2
2

5
4
1

5
3
2

7
5
2

6
2
4

8
3
5

6

10
8
2

-

-

9
7
2

8
8

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 3 . 5 0 - 8 2 .5 0
6 8 . 0 0 - 8 9 .5 0
6 3 . 0 0 - 8 0 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES3-----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------

291
232
59
20

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 7 . 0 0
1 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 2 .5 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

5
4
l
"

7
2
5
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

47
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 9 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 . 0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

77
51

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0 . 9 9 . 5 0 - 1 1 3 . 5 0




-

12
12

_

59

See footn otes at end of tab le,

6
6

1
1

“

154
48
106

Zt

3
3

2
2

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —

9

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

1

-

-

-

1

8
7
1

-

4

6

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

8
8

1
_

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women'— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Number

S ex , occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv isio n

of
workers

Average
w eekly
hours1
( standard)

N um ber of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w eekly e a rn in g s of—
75

60
Under
S
and
60
under

80

85

90

95

100

105!

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145
and

95

W EN OM

100

10 5

110

115

120

125

130

1 35

14 0

145 over

5
5
-

13
7
6

9
6
3

U
11

12
12
-

8
8
-

4
3
1

4
4
-

8
8
-

-

4
4

4
4

1
1

4
4

5
2

6
6

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CCNTINUE0

SECRETARIES14 — CONTINUE!!
3
2
SECRETARIES. CLASS C ---MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

94
78
16

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 1 1 2 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

$ e. 50- ^ . 0 0
,
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

SECRETA RIES. CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ----------

71
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 1 . 0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL —
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

145
10 5
4C

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

88.00
8 0 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 3 . 5 0 - 8 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

108
84
24

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

9 6 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 1 0 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPTION I S T S MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

125
105
20

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
6 9 . 5 0 - 8 5 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
GENERAL -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

32
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 - 7 8 .5 0
6 9 .0 0 - 7 8 .5 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

74
71

4 0 .0
40* C

8 4 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 4 . 0 0 - 9 2 .0 0

T Y P IS T S . CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING

198
184

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 - 8 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0 - 8 1 .0 0

8 6.00

1
1
-

3
2
1

2

1

-

-

2

1

3
2
1

2
2

4
2

9
7

7
5

6
5

6
2
4

14
6
8

24
16
8

24
17
7

36
31
5

21
16
5

5
5
-

3
2
1

4
4
-

3
3
-

1
1

2
2

-

28
23
5

6
6
-

8
4
4

34
27
7

9
9
-

1
1
-

-

10
10
-

19
13
6

28
23
5

14
14
-

14
9
5

8
8
-

17
14
3

5
4
1

2
2

1
1

-

1
-

9
9

9
7

8
8

2
2

6
6

16
16

10
10

4
4

3
3

2
2

3
3

38
38

28
27

1
1

24
15

33
30

51
51

1
15
15
20
19

2
1
1

5
5
-

1

1
-

1

1

1
1

-

-

16
14
2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

5
4
]

-

1

1

19
19

-

1

10
8

4
4

2

1

2

1

1
-

l
l

1 Standard h ou rs r e f l e c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r and/or prem iu m r a t e s ), and the earn in gs
c o rresp o n d to th e se w eekly h o u rs.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r e a c h job by totaling the earn in gs of a ll w o rk e rs and dividing by the num ber of w o rk e r s. The m edian d e sig n ates position — h alf of the em p loyees surveyed
r e c e iv e m o re than the ra te shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te shown. The m iddle range is defined by 2 r a t e s of pay; a fourth of the w o rk e rs e a rn le s s than the low er of th e se r a te s and a
fou rth e a rn m o re than the h ig h e r r a t e .
3 M ay include w o rk e r s oth er than those p resen ted s ep a ra tely .
4 T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er public u tilitie s .




s
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A verag e s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , Y o rk , P a ., F e b ru a ry 1968)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O ccup ation and in d u stry division

Number
of
workers

1
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

and
under

Middle range 2

t

t

80

S3

S

90

Number of w o rk e rs re ce iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly e arn in g s of—
t
s
S
»
%
S
$
$
1
S
)
%
S
S
$
$
165
170
1 60
100
115
125
175
95
105
no
145
120
140
150
155
130 135

-

no

90

95

100

105

115

120

125

130

$
$
$
1C 1 # U A .* l1 1r •KA
121 A U 1 o
DO
AU~
rr
1 5 5 * 0 0 1 5 7 * 00 9 AO U A -1lo 3 # U U

135

140

145

150

155

HQ

165

wo

175

l« a

5
5

85

4
4

1
1

8
8

7
7

20
20

9
8

9
9

13
2

1
1

20
20

11
11

20
20

“

12
1

1
1

$

AO•0

DRAFTSMEN» CLASS
M
AfUlte A " i U K IN ii
/
WANUr AC TIlD VAir
no A r T b ffc r i« C L A b b
r i acc
U Kactc ucAi
iiA iiiicirriiD ru r
n A N U rA C 1 UKINO

B

DRAFTSMEN. CLASS C ___ - _______ - ______
MANUFACTURING

1o 1
At
l

40*0
4 0 .0

1 1A

40 /

CA

92
54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0

1

1 Standard h ours r e f le c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p loy ees
c o rresp o n d to th e se w eekly h o u rs.
2 F o r d efin itio n of t e r m s , see footnote 2 , ta b le A - l .




«
1

IO C • bU .1 i^ 3 * UU
I £ b C A I C An
CA 1 n c CA_1 A 1 AA

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

r e c e iv e

th e ir

1

1
5

re g u la r

6
5

9
9

s tra ig h t-tim e

6
6

£

2
5
3

7
3

s a la r ie s

18
16

8
6

22
22

38
38

19.
19

20
20

11
5

8

a

3
3

1
1

1

18

1

(ex clu siv e

of pay fo r o v e rtim e a t re g u la r and/or p rem iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
Average
Number
of
workers

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

n r c rc
u c n iu c

65
38
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
7 5 . 50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
y A klM r A T 1U K V Alf!
^ A M UC A L T H O 1 V b
N

15
1R
1D

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

72
52
20

39 5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

78 00
8 2 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

59
36
23

—

3 9 5 108 50
3 9 . 0 1 1 7 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 6 . 00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

r i r n i/f
A rr^ u n T fu r
L L c K A b t A U LU U N I lN u t
u A N iU r A T T IV IS f (Hv —
" A v ! IP A v 1 I B I M C
L i n u u a h i i r , r t i i □ T k ir
n u n n A K u r A t iu n in u

...

a i
*

*
r i ac c
LLA ^o

r n i/f
A r r n n iiT f u r
L L tK K b *
A lU J U N I I N u i
u A m u r i/ * T iin T ii r
n A W U r A L 1U K 1 N L

r i ar r
U LAoo
....

n rn i/c
U L tn K a t

a

A

• ——

r
U

c t ir
r iu c i

o
o

/“
I Li c cKoI is/ c • n o n c o — —
a
U KU cK .
u ik iiir i r n i n v i i r
n A n U r A L 1 U K I N vj
r i c Kf o
oAvonUi
L l C o iISC 9 r A Y K U i L
MA i
n w N iIuI P A u T luID iVn u
r m T i k N f,

_ " ———————————————
—

NONMANUFACTURING
i v Y r iii/ * lj
I / rtu mU N U n

n cKA
U fr t c n i ITL rI o b t
K f

-----------------------------------------------------r iL A d O
U ar r

a
A

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B

———————

------------- ---------M A N IuI P m T T u ]R> Ii ™ u f i _____________________________
N
r w n r A u i 1«
mnAi u A n n r A r u K i m r
n u n n M A t u c A u ri U D T n i u
^

40 0
4 0 .0

15

—

177
88

3 9 .5

51
41

n ic r
U L A jg

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv ision

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B IL L E R S , MACHINE tBILLIN G

uauiic i r T i i A t u r
n A l i U r A L 1 U K 1 FlU
fu u n n A N u r A f
I k i nu
w n N MA P i lIP a u Ti Iu B f Air,

Average
Number
of

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

82 50
7 8 .5 0

1A3
128
15

39 5
3 9 T5
4 0 .0

7 9 50
7 8 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

59
15 A
48
106

83 00
8 7 .5 0
_

fO . 50

40 0 103 00
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

nnvc a nu r I di c ______
d u t o akjn u

_____

35
30

l a •c
J9 3
3 9 .5

$
8 0 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

292
60
20

3 9 .5
in c
39 b5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
110 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

42

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

117 00
1 1 7 .0 0

77
51
26

_

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

94
78

1 J
L
10

Average

O ccup ation and in d u stry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number

Weekly
hours 1
workers
(standard)

of

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATQRSt
CLASS 8 --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------- — -----------------------

18
16

4 0 ,0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 7 .0 0 .
1 0 9 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATQRSt
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

17
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATQRSt
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

32
28

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

76
71

4 0 .0
4 0 ,0

8 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

110 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

20 2
184
18

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 5 . 001
7 1 .5 0

71
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

100.00
10 1.0 0

f T e n rtf' D i n u c o r
r r n r n *i
O 1 cn U U K A rn cK o * Oc U CKAu
u A m u r a t n in f ai m
.
. . .
M ANUr A L T U K I No
NONMANUFACTURING ———— ——————————

| A7
14 1
1C5
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

86.00
88.00
82 • 50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR

108
8A
2A

3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------- —-----------

77
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 6 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

125
105
20

186
172

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING —————— ——————————
NONMANUFACTURING------------- -— - - - - - - -

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------------- -MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

110
66

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

U A A IIIC A T T l l f i r u r
K A N U r A U I U K lN o

c c :r o r r * n t r
vbUKc1 AK1 1 rj 2
uaum c ir T u D u ir
HAliUrAU 1UK| N — —
U —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----- -— -------------2
1
c c r n r T Aftic c
r iL A oc A
ac
d C l K t IAKIC j i
L
o a
u u iiiC ir T iio n ir

■
..

nAniUrAU 1UKiNu

SECRETARIES* CLASS B
u t m n r a t r u n v A ir
n A N U r A L I U K 1N o
m n n n A n u r A i k i n ir
N u A iu A k iu c a ur mu n r A o

f c r n m n ir f
S t L K c l AH 1 c o 9

r-t a rc*
CLASS

------------- —

~

r
C

-

MANUFACTURING----------—
-------------------------------------------------kl AAI y A A l U C A r T U fK IfNMT
N U N n A N li r A L I l l t
O
SECRETARIES* CLASS 0
b im i iC a r t i m t k>r
H A N U r A O 1 U K 1N 0

...

.. .

--------------------------------------------uAm
A 1U K 1 N r
r A N Ui irCA Lr r u O T k iO ——————————————————
k ir iA iu A i iii c A r t u b v kir
N U N n A N U r A L 1 U K I NO

clc

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

9 7 . qq

1 Standard h o u rs r e f le c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p loyees re c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r and/or prem iu m r a t e s ),
c o rre s p o n d to th e se w eekly h o u rs.
2 May include w o rk e r s o th e r than those p resen ted se p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er public u tilitie s .




Weekly
eamings 1
(standard)

and the earnings

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1968)

Hourly earnings 1

46
43

$
2 .9 1
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 3
2 .9 9

$
$
2 .5 8 - 3 .1 9
2 .5 7 - 3 .1 9

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

143
140

3 .2 9
3 .2 7

3 .2 4
3 .2 4

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

26
26

3 .1 7
3 .1 7

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

54
53

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 --------------------

2 . 4 0 2 . 50 2 . 6 0

-

3
3

1
1

-

-

2
2

7
7

3 .1 2 - 3 .3 5
3 . 1 2 - 3 .3 1

_

-

1
1

_

-

“

-

2
2

_
-

3 .1 5
3 .1 5

3 .C S - 3 .2 1
3 . 0 9 - 3 .2 1

-

_
~

_
-

-

-

2
2

_

2 .7 6
2 .7 8

2 .6 7
2 .6 7

2 . 5 2 - 2 .8 1
2 . 6 1 - 2 .8 1

2
l

2
2

7
7

2
2

-

_

79
58
21
15

2 .5 2
2 .5 5
2 .4 6
2 .4 7

2 .5 5
2 .5 5
2 .5 9
2 .5 5

2 .1 9 2. 1€2 .2 1 2 .2 3 -

2 .8 1
2 .8 0
2 .8 3
2 .8 4

6
3
3
l

2
2
-

14
12
2
2

9
5
4

_
-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

104
104

3 .3 7
3 .3 7

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

3 .1 5 - 3 .6 5
3 .1 5 - 3 .6 5

_

-

_

_

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

69
62

3 .1 3
3 .0 5

3 .1 1
3 .0 7

2 .8 7 2 .8 6 -

3 .3 4
3 .3 1

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE)----------- 1------- ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------

136
67
69
67

3 .1 6
2 .7 7
3 .5 5
3 .5 4

3 .1 3
2 .8 2
3 .7 3
3 .7 3

2 .8 1 2 .5 6 3 .5 1 3 .5 1 -

3 .7 3
2 .8 9
3 .7 7
3 .7 7

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

120
105

3 .1 6
3 .1 4

3 .1 6
3 .1 5

2 .8 4 - 3 .4 7
2 .7 5 - 3 .4 6

OILERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

35
35

2 .7 4
2 .7 4

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------- ----------------

24
24

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE - - ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

43
43

TOOL AND OIE MAKERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

121
121

_

_

~

_

3 .1 0 3 .8 0

2
2

2
2

11
9

7
7

-

2
2

-

-

-

6

3
3

-

2
2

17
17

19
19

55
55

6
6

7
7

6
6

3
3

_

-

-

_

1
1

4
4

13
13

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

_
-

22
22

6
6

$
%
)
3 . 8 0 4 . 00 4 . 2 0

%

-

18
16
2
2

1
1

9

13
7

3
1

_

_

9
9

-

1
1

-

_

5
2

11
11

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

6

-

4 . 20 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0

-

4
4

6

6

-

-

-

9
9

_
-

_
-

-

2
2

1
1

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

3
3

9
9

6
6

25
25

3
3

15
15

_

14
14

_

3
3

_

**

7
7
7

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
_

4
4

10
10

15
13

-

2
2

2
2

5

_

_

5
-

_
”

_
”

3
3

16
16

4
4

8
8

9
9

3
3

~

2
2
“

10
10
“

3
3
“

6
1
1

30
25
5
5

1
1
“

5
1
4
4

8
8
-

4
4
3

-

3
3
3

1
1

12
12

8
8

1
1

6
4

1
1

3
3

4
3

7
7

31
27

3
2

4
2

15
14

3
3

_

-

2
2

3

7
7

5
5

_

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

3
3

2
2

1
1

3
3

1
l

-

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

_

11
11

1

16
16

9
9
-

_

-

-

_

-

-

2 .5 9 - 3 .1 5
2 .5 9 - 3 .1 5

2
2

2
2

_

2 .7 7
2 .7 7

2 .6 5 - 3 .0 6
2 .6 5 - 3 .0 6

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

2
2

5

-

1
1

5

-

5

5

3 .2 7
3 .2 7

2 .9 9
2 .9 9

2 .9 3 - 3 .6 3
2 .9 3 - 3 .6 3

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
5

18
18

3
3

_

3 .5 1
3 .5 1

3 .6 0
3 .6 0

3 .2 6 - 3 .6 9
3 .2 6 - 3 .6 9

_

-

-

_

_

_

3
3

-

5

li

5

11

-

3

5

*

E x clu d e s prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ay s, and late sh ifts,
F o r definition of te r m s , see footnote 2, tab le A - l .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .




3 .6 0

2
1

-

_

3 •40 3 . 5 0

3
3

“

_

~

3 .3 0

4
4

“

-

3 .7 0

2
2

4

_

2 . 7 0 2 . 80 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 10 3 . 20

-

~

%

o
o

2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

$
3 .6 0

•

Middle range 2

N um ber of w orker s re ce iv in g stria g h t-tim e h ou rly e arn in g s of—
S
i
$
t
$
S
S
S
$
>
*
(
$
2 . 3 0 2 . 40 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 70 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 00 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 .3 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 5 0

1

Mean2 Median 2

Under
$
and
2 . 00 under

$
A
2 .1 0 2 .2 0

o

$
2 .0 0

9•
9-

O ccupation and in d u stry d ivision

Number
of
workers

5
5

-

_
-

1

_

8
8

_

_

-

“

-

43
1
42
42

2
2
2

3
2
1
-

1
1

6
6

4
-

9
9

_

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

-

_

_

_

_

3*
24

12
12

-

1
1

7
7

_

~

3
3

-

5
5

2
2

4
4

4
4

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i f
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
Hourly earnings 2

$
1 .6 0

Number

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING —
GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING
WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING
_
JAN ITO RS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

1 .7 0

$
and
i . . 6 Q under
1 .7 0 1 . 8 0

154
153

$
2 .3 2
2 .3 2

$
2 .3 1
2 .3 1

$
$
1 . 9 0 - 2 .5 2
1 . 9 0 - 2 .5 2

-

73

2 .4 9

2 .3 5

2 . 0 9 - 2 .6 5

80

2 .1 7

2 .1 3

1 . 8 5 - 2 .4 8

-

315
255

2 .11
2 .1 8

2 .12
2 .2 6

1 . 7 5 - 2 .3 9
1 . 8 6 - 2 .4 4

7
~

11
11

15
15

2
2

22
22

17
17

12
12

2

8

6

2

19

3

6

2

7

21

5

3

64
46

17
13

17
8

34
21

16
14
2

4
4

2 .9 0

*

5
3

2
2

3
3

1
1

1

q
7

8

5
1

7
6

1
1

15
15

20
20

21
5

8
7

19
19

93
12

36
4

2 .1 7
2 .1 5

1 . 8 4 - 2 .6 3
1 . 8 7 - 2 .6 3

_

31
10

7
7

34
34

9
9

7
7

23
22

10
2

_

15
14

10
10

28
13

2 .S 2
2 .5 2
2 .5 1

2 .5 7
2 .5 3
2 .7 1

2 . 3 7 - 2 .7 1
2 . 3 9 - 2 .6 5
2 . 3 4 - 2 .7 6

_
-

3
3

1
1

2
2
“

-

5
5

3
3

12
8
4

11
10
l

12
12

35
29

2 .5 8
2 .5 5

2 .6 5
2 .5 9

2 .4 3 - 2 .7 9
2 . 2 5 - 2 .8 3

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

1
l

3
3

36

2 .3 6

2 .3 3

2 . 1 8 - 2 .5 8

_

-

_

-

4

7

6

5
5

5
5

22
22
-

9
8
1

10
5
5

18
2
16

21
17
4

6
6

18
2
16

4

1
1

18
18

7
7

1

11

4
2

£•

~

_

3

6 16
188
4 28
30 1

3 .0 2
2 .4 1
3 .2 9
3 .6 1

3 .2 6
2 .5 6
3 .5 5
3 .5 9

2 . 5 8 - 3 .5 8
2 . 0 6 - 2 .7 9
2 . 6 9 - 3 .7 2
3 . 5 4 - 3 .7 4

57
32
25

1 .9 6
1 .8 0
2 .1 7

1 .9 3
1 .6 9
2 .0 5

1 . 68- 2 .2 6
1 . 6 5 - 1 .8 0
1 . 9 5 — 2 .5 2

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
ANO INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

155
105

2 .4 6
2 .4 4

2 .5 7
2 .5 4

2 . 2 2 - 2 .6 7
2 . 1 0 - 2 .7 2

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

124
112

3 .3 1
3 .3 8

3 .7 1
3 .7 1

2 . 6 9 - 3 .7 5
3 . 1 2 - 3 .7 6

_
-

_
_

_
1 1
1

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

_

-

-

4

4

4

48
48
~

-

~

5
2

“

16
12
4

18
3
15

4
4

6
2

6
5

_

1
1

56
49
7

79
13
66

7

~

3
3
2

_

_

~

14
14

1
1

43
43

34

3

29
27

~

13
13
-

30
30
-

-

_
-

48
48

-

_

4
4

2
1

5
5

3
2

17
15

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

~

8
8

-

1
l

4
4

1
1

-

1
1

_
”

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

5
5

1
~

_

_

_

-

-

_

5
5

-

6
6

12
~

2

14
14

_

_

35
35
~

■

-

~

_

-

8
g

1

_

_

*

4

_

-

“

_
~

-

5

172
172
172

_

_

_

8
8

4
4

1
1

—

-

1
1

_

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

_
-

-

~

10
10

~

-

_

_

180
180
168
_

125
125
125

_
-

2

~

and

—
-

y
C

4

£•31-

_

6

9
9

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

15
15

-

4
15
15

2

-

-

-

6
17
14
3

2 . 2 8 - 2 .6 4
2 . 1 6 - 3 .2 3

SHIPPING CLERKS MANUFACTURING

%

-

-

14

29
23
6

89
56
33

S

-

-

-

22
22
"

53
31
22

RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

-

-

3

90
89
1

2 .3 2
2 .3 8

3 . 5 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 over

-

48
48

145
138
7
“

206
15 7

3 .4 0

~

-

66
30
36

PACKERS. SHIPPING
MANUFACTURING -

3 . CO 3 . 1 0 - 3 .2 0 3 . 3 0

6
6

25
21

36
32
4

2 .5 4
2 .4 8

%

3 .5 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0

”

9

66
55
11
”

2 .5 3
2 .6 0

t

3 .4 0

3
3

13
13
—

2
2
-

27 7
138

(

3 .3 0

3

15 8
77
81

GROER FILLERS ~
MANUFACTURING




7
7

62
59
3
“

1 . 8 8 - 2 .9 0
1 . 8 6 - 2 .4 7
2 . 0 3 - 3 .4 5
3 . 4 2 - 3 .4 8

See footnotes a t end of ta b le .

30
30

72
72
“

2 .3 4
2 .3 2
2 .8 7
3 .4 5

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

2 . 70 2 . 8 0

2 .6 0

-

2 .4 3
2 .2 6
2 .7 9
3 .4 7

TRUCKORIVERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 -

7
7

*
1 .0 4 6
699
347
174

%

3 .2 0

—

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0

2 .2 0

9

3
2

JAN ITORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 --------------

S

1 .9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0

-

~

N um ber of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly e arn in g s of—
S
$
S
s
S
S
$
S
%
$
$
$
1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 • 20 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8Q 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0

$
1 .6 0

$

_

_
"

_

8
8

_

_

“

_
-

12
12

65
65

14
14

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verag e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , Y o rk , P a ,, F e b r u a r y 1968)
Hourly earnings 2

O ccu p a tio n 1 and in d u stry division

Number
of
woriters

(
1 .6 0

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

Under,
$
and
1 . 6 0 under

)
1 .7 0

t
3 .5 0

i
$
3 .6 0 3 .0 0

1 .9 0 2 * 0 0 2 . 1 Q 2 .2 0

2 .3 Q 2 .4 Q 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 .8 Q 2 . 9 0

3 . CO 3 . 1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

3 .4 0 3 .5 0

CONTINUEO

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------- -----

27

$
2 .7 3

$
2 .8 3

$
$
2 .6 7 - 2 .8 7

TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------nonmanufacturing --------------------- --------

415
34 5
70

2 .5 4
2 .5 0
2 .7 7

2 .5 6
2 .5 0
2.6 6

2 . 2 9 - 2 .7 2
2 .0 9 - 2 .7 2
2 .6 2 - 2 .7 4

1
2
3
4
5

$
$
$
3 *2 0 3 *3 0 3 .4 0

^

1 .7 0 1 .8 0

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -

N um ber of w orkers re ce iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—
t
t
$
$
1
t
)
t
t
1
$
$
$
|
1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0

-

-

-

14
14
-

15
14
1

Data lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs e x c e p t w here o th erw ise in dicated.
E x clu d e s prem iu m pay for ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and la te s h ifts .
F o r d efin itio n of t e r m s , see footnote 2, tab le A - l .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er public u t ilitie s .
Includ es a ll d r iv e r s , a s defined, r e g a r d le s s of siz e and type of tru ck op erated .




-

23
23
-

38
38
-

6
3
3

9
3
6

23
22
1

3
57
57
-

6
38
38
-

78
37
41

18

-

-

49
46
3

4
4

-

-

-

-

46
46

-

-

-

15
15.

ov er

13
B. Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is tr ib u tio n of e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
of in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , Y o r k , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa ctu rin g
M in im u m w ee k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a la r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o rk e r s 2
M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w ee k ly h o u rs 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N onm anu factu ring

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w ee k ly h o u rs 3 of—
40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

E s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d ___________________________________

105

67

XXX

38

XXX

105

67

XXX

38

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h av in g a s p e c if ie d m in im u m ------------------------

19

15

14

4

2

34

23

22

11

8

u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
u n d er $ 6 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d er $ 6 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
u n d er $ 7 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d er $ 7 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
u n d er $ 7 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d er $ 7 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
u n d er $ 8 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
o v e r _____________________________________________

_
1
10
2
2
2
1
1
-

_
8
1
2
2
1
1
-

8
2
2
1
1

.
1
2
1
~

_
1
1
“

1
1
21
3

2

14
2
2

14
1
2

3
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
7
1
1
-

_
6
1
1
■

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h av in g no s p e c if ie d m in im u m ----------------------

11

6

XX X

5

XXX

60

39

XXX

21

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ich did n ot e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y _______________________________________________

75

46

XX X

29

XXX

11

5

XXX

$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

2

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e paid f o r s ta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s,
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su ch a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g i r l .
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll s ta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s co m b in e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k r e p o r te d .




2

6

XXX

XXX

14




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s of m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y type and am oun t of d if fe r e n t ia l,
Y o r k , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s —
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia l

In e s t a b lis h m e n ts h avin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

A ctu a lly w o rk in g on—

S ec o n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

S eco n d s h ift

T o t a l............. ........................................................................

7 1 .1

5 4 .0

11.8

4 .3

W ith s h ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________

7 0 .1

5 4 .0

1 1 .4

4 .3

U n ifo rm c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ____________________

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

5 4 .7

4 2 .8

9 .8

3 .5

5 c e n t s ------------------------ --------------------------------5 V2 c e n t s ___________________________________
6 c e n t s _______________ ______________________
7 c e n t s ______________________________________
7 V c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------2
8 c e n t s ______________________________________
9 c e n t s ______________________________________
10 c e n ts _____________________________________
12 c e n t s __________ ___________________________
13 c e n ts _____________________________________
15 c e n ts _____________________________________
16 c e n ts _____________________________________
19 c e n ts _____________________________________
20 c e n t s _____________________________________
2 2 c e n t s _____________________________________
24 c e n ts _____________________________________
27 c e n t s _____________________________________

1 0 .2
1.7
2 .6
2 .6
.3
3 .0
6 .5
.3
2 .4
5 .3
2 .3
5 .0

5 .0
-

2 .0
(1 )
2
.3
.5
.7
.9
.1
.4
.9
.4
1.3

.2
.1
.6
.5

1 .6

9 .7
3 .9
3.1
3 .9
2 .3
2 .8

.4

.8

(2 )
.1
.5

.1

4 .6

.5

3 .4
-

3 .4

.8

2 .2

4 .6

1.1

.4

4 .6

U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e ____________________ ______

12.9

1 1 .2

1.2

.8

4

p e r c e n t ______ __________________________
p e r c e n t ___________________________________
p e r c e n t ___________________________________
10 p e r c e n t __________________________________
20 p e r c e n t__________________________________

3 .3

5

1.5
2 .1
5 .1

O th e r f o r m a l pay d if f e r e n t ia l........ .......... .............

2 .5

.4

W ith no s hi f t pay d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------- ------ -------

1 .0

.4

7

.8

2 .1

9 .1
-

.9
.1

(?)
(2 )
.1

-1

(2 )
.8

-

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la t e s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s
e v e n though th e y w e re not c u r r e n t l y o p e ra tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

15

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y sch e d u led w e e k ly h o u r s 1
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o rk e r s
W e e k ly h o u rs

A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________
35 h o u r s
O v e r 35 a r i d u n d e r

...........

.

_

.

3 7 1 -. h o u r s ............... ..
/
3 7 V2 h o u rs _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
3.8 V 7 h o u rs
40 h o u r s
.................... . .............. .
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s
..........................
45 h o u r s __ __ _ ________________________________________
O v e r 45 a n d u n d e r 50 h o u r s
. ........... . _.
50 h o u r s a n d o v e r
___
_

2

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

100

6

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 1
3
2

100

6
_

2

3

3

_

73

73

94

_

2

1

6
4
3

7
5

4

3
_

2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

100

( 5)
1
9
2

86
1
1
( 5 )

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100
1
10
1
86
1
1

_
_

_

_

S ch ed u le d h o u r s a r e the w e e k ly h o u rs w hich a m a jo r it y of the f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e re e x p e c te d to w o rk , w h eth e r th e y w e r e paid f o r a t s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r tim e r a t e s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u str y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




14
86

_

i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1
2
3
4
5

100

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l i d a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 8 )

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s _______________

_________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s ________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilit ie s 1
2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

96

100

99

99

100

4

4

“

(4 )

(4 )

1
2
2
20
5
4
18
3
4
23

3
2
17
6
4
21
3
5
22

7
59

(4 )

(4 )

1
2
2
16
2
4
19
2
6
18
1
15
10
3
1

2
2
9
2
3
19
3
8
21
1
17
13

N u m b er of d ays
3
5
5
6
6
6

h o lid a y s ----------------- -------------- ----------------------------h o lid a y s _________________________________________
h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
h o lid a y s __________________________________ _____
h o lid a y s p lus 1 h a lf d ay________________________
h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
7 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lus 1 h a lf d ay________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lus 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
8 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lus 1 h a lf d ay________________________
9 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s _________ _____________________________
12 h o lid a y s ________________________________________

-

8
5

10
24

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

8
5

“
“

-

"
34
“
44
-

8
15
■
'

T o ta l, h o lid a y tim e 5
12 d ays
_______________________________
11 d ays o r m o r e __________________________________
10 d ays o r m o r e __________________________________
9 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
8 V 2 d ays o r m o r e ________________________________
8 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
7 V2 d ay s o r m o r e ___________________________ —-----7 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
6 V2 d ay s o r m o r e ----------------- -----------------------------6 d ay s o r m o r e ___________________________________
5 d ays o r m o r e . ____________ ________ _____ __
3 d ay s o r m o r e ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
and no

5
13
13
40
43
65
71
93
95
96

-

5
12
13
40
43
68
74
93
96
96

-

24
34
34
93
93
100
100
100
100
100

1
4
14
29
30
54
56
78
79
97
98
99

-

13
30
31
60
62
84
86
97
99
99

-

15
23
23
67
67
100
100
100
100
100

In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a i l tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u str y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad d ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a tio n s of f u ll and h a lf d ays th a t add to the s a m e am o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l of 9 d ay s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 9 fu ll d ay s
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r tio n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




17

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is io n s , Y o r k , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1968)

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________

A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 4

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
83
13
2

99
80
16
3

100
100
-

99
93
6
-

99
91
9
-

100
100
-

1

1

( 5)

( 5)

26
13
5
1

28
14
6
1

7
7
-

14
32
13
1

13
33
18
1

20
21
-

2
78
3
11
4
1

2
78
3
9
5
2

_
93

_
34
(5)
57
7
2

_
60

7
-

37
( 5)
56
5
1

2
64
7
20
4
1

2
70
8
12
5
2

46
54
-

_
27
1
64
5
1

_
27
2
61
7
2

_
16
85
-

2
35
8
47
4
3

2
39
10
40
5
3

_
18
82
-

_
19
1
73
5
1

18
2
71
7
2

_
7
93

2
35
8
47
4
3

2
38
10
41
5
3

-

-

_

_

11
77
12

19
1
73
5
2

M eth od of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p ro v id in g
p aid v a c a t io n s ___:_________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t im e p a y m e n t______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___________________________
O th e r
,. ,
_____ __
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a t io n s _________________________________
A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p ay 6
A ft e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w ee k _______________________________________
1 w ee k _
__
..................... ...... _ _ ____
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________ ___
2 w eeks
A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w ee k
1 w eek
__
_ __
_
O v er 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w ee k s
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________

-

-

40
-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w ee k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________ ___
A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w eek_____________________ ________________
1 w ee k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________ ____________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _________________ __________________________

-

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w e e k __ ________
____ _____ _ _ ______
1 w ee k __________________________________ _____________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s ____________________________________ _______
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s __________________________________ ____ ___

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




18
1
72
7
2

7
-

87
-

6

18

Table B-5.

Paid V acations'— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is io n s , Y o r k , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1968)

P la n t w o rk e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 2

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

All in d u s tr ie s 4

_
-

M a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

_
3
( 5)
77
10
10

( 5)
80
12
6

_
94
6

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m ount of v a c a tio n pay 6— C on tin ued
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v er 1 and und er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________

_
1

2
6
4
72
7
7

2
6
5
72
9
5

( 5)
4
3
38
7
44
1
1

_
3
3
38
8
43
1
2

45
4
51
-

1
2
24
6
65
1
2

1
( 5)
19
8
69
1
2

32
2
67
~

( 5)
4
3
35
7
47
1
1

3
3
37
8
44
1
2

7
93
-

1
2
22
6
67
1
2

1
( 5)
19
8
69
1
2

7
93
-

( 5)
4
3
21
2
58
2
9

3
3
23
3
55
2
9

-

1
( 5)
10
( 5)
70
4
14

7

27

1
2
9
( 5)
73
3
10

( 5)
4
3
21
2
27
4
34
2
1

3
3
23
3
28
4
30
3

7
21
4
65
3

1
2
9
( 5)
23
5
54
5
( 5)

1
( 5)
10
( 5)
22
6
53

-

88
12

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w ee k ______________________________________
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w ee k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w ee k _______________________________________
_______ _______________________________
1 w eek
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ________________ __________________________
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________

7
-

66
-

-

87
-

6

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w ee k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v er 1 and und er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 4 and und er 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s _____________________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of t a b le .




2

;

7

7
40
2
49
3

19

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is io n s , Y o rk , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1968)

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll in d u s t r i e s 1
2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 4

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A m ou nt of v a c a tio n p a y 6— C on tin u ed
A ft e r 25 y e a f s of s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w ee k ___
^
1 w eek
_ _
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _________________ -___________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _________________ .*______________ ___________
4 w e e k s _________________ ____________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s ___________________________________________ _
6 w e e k s _____________________________________ _____

( 5)
4
3
18
2
26
38
3
4
1

_
3
3
19
3
28
33
3
5
2

_
_
7
85
4
3
-

_
1
2
8
( 5)
21
51
5
11
-

_
1
( 5)
9
( 5)
20
48
7
15
-

_
_
_
7
_
24
65
2
3
-

( 5)
4
3
18
2
24
38
3
6
1

_
3
3
19
3
25
34
3
7
2

7
-

1
2
8
( 5)
19
52
5
12
( 5)

_
1
( 5)
9
( 5)
17
49
7
16
1

7
24
65
2
3
-

( 5)
4
3
18
2
24
38
3
6
1

_
3
3
19
3
25
34
3
7
2

1
2
8
( 5)
19
52
5
12
( 5)
( 5)

_
1
( 5)
9
( 5)
17
49
7
16
1

_
_
7
24
65
2
3
-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w e e k
__
__
1 w e e k ___________________________________ __________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __ ____________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s __________________ ____
5 w e e k s _____________________________________________
6 w e e k s __________________________ ______ __ _ __

-

85
4
3
-

_
-

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le
U n d er 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __ ____________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________ ___________
4 w e e k s _ _____________ ____________________________
O v er 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w eeks
....
_
6 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ___________ - __________________ ______

_
-

7
-

85
4
3
-

1 In c lu d e s b a s ic p la n s o n ly .
E x c lu d e s p la n s su ch a s v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th o s e p la n s w h ich o f fe r " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s ic p lan s to w o r k e r s w ith q u alify in g le n g th s
of s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of s u c h e x c lu s io n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l , alu m in u m , and c a n in d u s t r ie s .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a i l tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r th a n " le n g th of t im e , " su ch a s p e rc e n ta g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e rte d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p ay m en t of 2 p e r c e n t
of a n n u al e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p ay.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e re c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n .
F o r e x a m p le , the c h an g e s
in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in clu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o rtio n e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p ay o r m o re
a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v i c e .




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e f i t s , 1 Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

L if e in s u r a n c e _________________________________
A c c id e n ta l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e _____________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 5 __________________________

91

92

100

94

95

100

65

66

59

67

70

58

86

85

98

89

89

94

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _________
S ic k le a v e ( fu ll pay and no
w a itin g p e r io d )___________________________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l p ay o r
w a itin g p e r io d )___________________________

81

84

66

68

75

72

12

9

39

53

57

69

5

1

20

9

1

14

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n sio n ---------------------------------- ----No h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n p la n ______

97
95
62
40
66
1

99
99
60
39
64
1

100
100
100
63
95

98
96
80
60
81
1

99
99
78
62
81
1

100
100
100
89
90

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :

1 In c lu d e s th o s e p la n s fo r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o s e le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch a s w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a ilr o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 U n d u p licate d to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b elow .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e f in ite ly e s t a b lis h
a t le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay th a t ca n b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
In f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




21

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime W ork

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y
p r o v is io n s , Y o rk , P a ., F e b r u a r y 1968)

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m p ay p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il i t i e s 1
2

100

100

100

64

69

64

69

5

-

3
57
( 5)

6
3
60
-

36

A ll in d u s t r ie s 3

M anuf a c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

88

54

64

76

88

54

64

76

85
3

( 5)
2
51
-

1
3
61
-

76
-

31

12

46

36

24

D a ily o v e r t im e a t p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r t im e p a y 4
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s ________________________________
T im e and o n e - h a l f _____________________________
E f f e c t iv e a f t e r :
7 h o u r s __________ __________ _____________
7V2 h o u r s _________________________________
8 h o u r s ____________________________________
9 h o u r s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts h a v in g no
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r t im e pay
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s 6 ______________________________

-

-

W e e k ly o v e r t im e a t p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r w e e k ly o v e r t im e p a y 4
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s ________________________________
T im e and o n e - h a l f _____________________________
E f f e c t iv e a f t e r :
35 h o u r s __________________________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s _________________________ ____
4 0 h o u r s __________________________________
4 2 h o u r s __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts h a v in g no
p r o v is io n s f o r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pay
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s 6 _______ _____________________

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

5
3
92
( 5)

6
3
91
-

-

-

96
( 5)

1
3
96
-

100
-

1

"

-

1
"

-

100
-

”

( 5)

2

-

1 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 In c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts c o v e re d b y le g is la tiv e r e q u ir e m e n t s re g a r d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , e v e n though su ch w o r k e r s a c t u a lly do not w o rk o v e rtin b e . G rad u ated
p r o v is io n s f o r p r e m iu m p ay a r e c l a s s i f i e d u n d er the f i r s t e ff e c t iv e p re m iu m r a t e .
F o r e x a m p le , a p la n c a llin g f o r tim e and o n e -h a lf a f t e r 8 and dou ble tim e a f t e r 10 h o u r s w ould b e c o n s id e r e d
a s tim e and o n e -h a lf a f t e r 8 h o u r s .
S i m i l a r l y , a plan c a llin g fo r no p ay o r pay a t a r e g u la r r a t e a f t e r 35 h o u r s and tim e and o n e -h a lf a f t e r 4 0 h o u r s w ould b e c o n s id e r e d a s tim e arid o n e -h a lf
a fte r 40 h o u rs.
5 L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 In c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e x e m p t f r o m le g is la tiv e r e q u ir e m e n t s re g a r d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and w h e r e , a s a m a t t e r of p o lic y , o v e r tim e is not worl^ed.




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a Variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

22

23

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’s busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out pay checks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

24

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does notin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5, O X persons; or
C)

25

SECRETA RY— Continue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity ( e.g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 25 ,0 0 0
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.)

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a. large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment ( e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c . ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for ca lls.)
Class B. Operates a singler or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g. , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory woiker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




26

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety Of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

27

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Woiks in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E AND P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the woik of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the woxk of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the woik of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining,
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or br^sh.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to dbtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Woik involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MOVE ME NT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper, warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector, warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity .)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truck driver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R eq u es t
T h e eighth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, a u d ito rs ,
a tto rn e y s , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g tech n ician s, d r a fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a lysts, d i r e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l, m a n a g e rs o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e rs , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as BL»S B u lle tin 1585, N ation al Survey o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1967.
F i f t y cents
a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the l a t e s t available bulletins is presented below. A d i r e c t o r y indicating dates of e a r l i e r studies, and the p r i c e s of the bulletins is
availab le on r e q u e st. Bulletin s m ay be purchased fr om the Superintendent of D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overnm ent P rintin g Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
o r f r o m any of the BL S reg io n al sales offices shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin number
and p ric e

Akron, Ohio, J u l y 1967 1_______________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 8 6 ,
Albany— ch enectad y— ro y , N .Y ., Apr. 1967 __________ 1 5 3 0 - 6 2 ,
S
T
Albuquerque, N. M e x . , Apr. 1 9 6 7 _____________________ 1 5 3 0 - 6 0 ,
Allentown—
Beth lehem — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
E
N.
F e b . 1967 _______________________________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 5 3 ,
A tlanta, G a . , May 1967 --------------------------------------------------- 1 5 3 0 - 7 1 ,
B a l t i m o r e , Md., O c t. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 1 8 ,
Beaumont— o r t A rt h u r— ra n g e , T e x . , May 1 9 6 7 ____ 1 5 3 0 - 7 4 ,
P
O
B irm in g h a m , A l a ., A pr. 1967 1 ________________________ 1 5 3 0 - 6 3 ,
B o is e City, Idaho, Ju ly 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------------ 1 5 7 5 - 3 ,
Boston , M a s s . , Sept. 1967 1------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 1 3 ,

25
25
25
20
30
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 1967 ______________________________
Burlington, V t . , M ar. 1967 1 ___________________________
Canton, Ohio, A pr. 1967 _______________________________
C h a rle s to n , W. V a . , Apr. 1967 -------------------------------------C h a rl o t t e , N .C ., A pr. 1967 _____________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Aug. 1 9 6 7 -----------------------------C h icag o, 111., Apr. 1967 1 ______________________________
Ky.—
Ind., M ar. 1967 ------------ ------------Cin cinnati, Ohio—
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, O ct. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
D a lla s, T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 ________________________________

1575-41,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

30
25
20
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25

D avenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
O ct. 1 9 6 7 _______________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan . 1967 ________________________________
D en v er, C o lo., D ec. 1967 1______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, F e b . 1967 __________________________
D e tro it, Mich., Ja n . 1967 1 _____________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1 967___________________________
G reen B ay, W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
G reen v ille, S .C . , May 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------------Houston, T e x . , June 1967 ______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 1967 1_________________________

1575-12,
1530-45,
1575-38,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

Ja c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
J a c k so n v ille , F l a . , Jan . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
K ansas City, Mo.— a n s . , Nov. 1 967 1__________________
K
L a w re n c e — averh ill, M a s s .—
H
N.H., June 1967 ------------L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A r k ., Ju ly 1967---------L os Angeles—Long B e a c h and Anaheim—
Santa A n a G arden G ro v e, C a lif ., M ar. 1967 1 __________________
L ou isv ille, K y . - I n d . , F e b . 1967 1 _______ _______________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1967 ______________________________
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., Ju ly 1967___________________________
Memphis, Tenn.— r k . , Jan. 1 9 6 8 1-------------------------------A
M iami, F l a . , D ec . 1 967 1___________________ ____________
Midland and O d e s s a , T e x . , June 1967 --------------------------

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Bulletin number
and p ric e

Milwaukee, W i s ., Apr. 1967 1___________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan . 1967 1_______ _______
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., May 1967 _________
Newark and J e r s e y City, N . J . , F e b . 1 9 6 7 ______________
New Haven, Conn ., Jan . 1 9 6 8 1__________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1967 1 _________________________
New York , N .Y ., Apr. 1967 1------------------------------------------Norfolk— o rts m o u th and Newport News—
P
Hampton, V a . , June 1967 1-------------------------------------------Oklahoma City, O k la ., Ju ly 1967 _______________________

1530-76,
1530-42,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1575-34,
1530-51,
1530-83,

30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1530-82,
1 57 5 - 4 ,

25 cents
20 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

O m ah a, N e b r I o w a , Oct. 1 967 1________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , May 1 9 6 7 ____________
P
Philadelphia, P a . — . J . , Nov. 1967 1____________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1967 ______________________________
P i t ts b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1967 1 -------------------------------------------P ortlan d , M ain e, Nov. 1967 1-----------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g .— a s h . , May 1967 _____________________
W
P ro v id en c e—
Paw tucket— arw ick, R .I .— a s s . ,
W
M
May 1967 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1 9 6 7 1---------------------------------------------Richmond, V a . , Nov. 1 967 1--------------------------------------------Rockfo rd, 111., May 1967 --------------------------------------------------

1575-21,
1530-67,
1575-40,
1530-59,
1530-46,
157 5 - 1 6 ,
15 3 0 -7 9 ,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1 57 5 - 2 7 ,
1530-68,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

25
25
25
25
30
25
20
25
25
30

cents
cents
ce nts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L ou is, Mo .-111., Ja n . 1968 --------------------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, D ec. 1 9 6 7 -------------------------------------San Antonio, T e x . , June 1967 1 --------------------------------------San B ern ard in o — iv e r side— n tario , C a lif .,
R
O
Aug. 1967 1-----------------------------------------------------------------------San Diego, C a l i f . , Nov. 1 967------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, C a lif ., Jan . 196 8 _______________
San J o s e , C alif., Sept. 1 967 1 -----------------------------------------Savannah, G a . , May 1967 -----------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , Ju ly 1 967 1___________________ ..__________
Seattle— v e r e t t , W a s h ., Nov. 1 967 1____________________
E

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1575-15,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1575-29,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1530-43,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1530-77,
157 5 - 2 ,

20
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1530-75,
1575-1,
157 5 - 3 2 ,
1575-28,
15 3 0 - 7 8 ,

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a l l s , S. Dak., Oct. 1 967 1________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1967 ------------------------------------------Spokane, W a s h ., June 1967 1 ____________________________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1 967______________
Toledo, Ohio— ic h ., F e b . 1967 1________________________
M
Trenton, N. J . , Nov. 1 967-----------------------------------------------Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a . , Sept. 1 9 6 7 ________________
V
W aterb u ry, C o n n ., M ar. 1967 ---------------------------------------W aterlo o, Iowa, Nov. 1 967_______________________________
Wichita, K a n s . , D ec. 1967------------------------------------Wore e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1967 ____ ___ __________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1------- ------- -------- ----------------------------Youngstown— a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1 967 1__________________
W

157 5 - 1 7 ,
1 530- 57,
1530-80,
1575-8,
1530-50,
1 57 5 - 2 4 ,
1575-11,
15 3 0 - 5 4 ,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
157 5 - 2 5 ,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents

D ata on establishm ent p ra ctices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea